Price $J*50 Pet Year Single Copies 5 CentsUniversity RecordCHICAGOZhe TUniversits of Gbicago pressVOL. I., NO. 40. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY AT 3:00 P.M. JANUARY 1, 1897,Entered in the post office Chicago. Illinois, as second-class matter.CONTENTS.I. La Payette. By the Hon. Henry D. Estabrook, 507-511II. Concerning Certain Quartic Surfaces. By E. E.Moritz 512III. Official Notices - - 512-513IV. Official Reports : The Library - 513V. Religions : Vesper Services for Winter Quarter - 513VI. The Calendar 514La Fayette.*BY THE HON. HENRY D. ESTABROOK.The mandatory but encouraging remark made to aparty of the name of Eli (whether to him of the Bible,or to him with the patronymic of Perkins, I wot not),to "get there, Eli ! " has been hurled at every youth inthis country with the least symptom of ambition. Itis a genuine Americanism, in line with hustler andrustler and other words signifying inordinate activityand uncomfortable energy. Whether a man is running for a street car or only for an office, he is admonished to get there. It is desirable, of course that, heget there with both feet ; otherwise his foothold isuncertain, and his tenure as precarious as that of theold fellow Myron Reed tells about — one foot in thegrave and the other on a banana peel. The word"there" doubtless represents a goal of attainment;but it is a vague word, and wonderfully illusive.Whereabouts is there ? What do we know of the locusin quo, as the lawyers say ? It may be that, in the* The address at the Seventeenth Convocation of The University, held at the Auditorium Theater, January 1, 1897. words of the gospel hymn, "there" is "a land that isfairer than day " ; but we know nothing of its metes orbounds, or latitude or longitude, or, indeed, if it is onthis planet or not. Like all objects of human effort itseems to recede precisely as it is approached. Thepoor devil delving in a ditch hopes one day for a jobwhich will keep him from the poorhouse. If he hustles he may get there, but he will not be satisfied.The business or professional man, in no danger of thepoorhouse, nevertheless longs for leisure to indulgesome dormant fancy. If he is a rustler he may getthere, but he will not be satisfied. The rich man,with both means and leisure, yearns also for fame. Ifhe " humps " himself he may get there, but he willnot be satisfied. The famous man wishes for a titleof nobility. In some countries he may achieve it,-but he will not be satisfied.Hear, then, the conclusion of the whole matter :Fame, riches, title — every object of worlcjly ambition,is an ignis fatuus.And what is that ? An incandescent miasma.Do I, therefore, exclaim with the preacher : " Vanity, vanity, all is vanity ? " There is not an ounce ofpessimism in my composition. I mention this fact,this scientific and religious fact, not by way of exhortation or complaint ; but simply because it explains afact, known of all men, and utilized by great men.For there is a moral quality to greatness which distinguishes it from cleverness.Yes, the Almighty hath implanted in the humanbreast a divine unrest, which only finds its anodyne in508 UNIVERSITY RECORDministering to others. Vainly the tentacles of ourbeing clasp the favors of the world, dragging theminto self; in the very delirium of gratified vanitythere comes an apocalypse of self, and the naked soulshrivels in the glance of God ! Is it not, I say, divinethat the penalty of selfishness should be a nausea ofself ?"Shall I," asks Balzac, "shall I tell you how tomake your way in the world ? You must plow throughhumanity like a cannon ball, or glide through it likea pestilence."Dear old Balzac ! prodigy of industry as you wereof genius! Did you, from the poverty of yourgarret, croak dire philosophies? Thank God, yourreligion was better than your creed ; for your self-devoted life has made you a way in the world higherthan that of Napoleon, the cannon ball ; or Robespierre, the pestilence ; you are, while language lasts,Shakespeare of France !Men will of course make way for a cannon ball, butwhat pleasure does the cannon ball have in that ? Itis of iron, without sensibility. If it have a feeling itis a feeling of pride, which is harder than iron and athousand times more cruel. Men will succumb to apestilence, but what joy does the pestilence take inthat ? Its crown is a wreath of snakes, its breath thevapor of graves, its laugh the gibber of a corpse.My countrymen, I have preached my sermon in advance. To take it out of the abstract of ethics intothe concrete of experience, I propose to illustrate it bythe life work of one man ; not a genius, in the sense ofthat mental bias we call genius, but a sane man, asWashington was sane ; a good man, as Washingtonwas good ; a man who, born to every extrinsic advantage for which we worldlings moil — title, riches, socialcaste — flung all his birthrights to the wind, and thenreconquered from the world the homage of mankind,and from heaven the approval of Jehovah. Historyhas enshrined him, humanity may not forget him,France calls him father. Surely America, in whosename and for whose sake he yielded the title of "Noble" for that of "man," bartered the coronet of a marquis for the toga of a citizen, giving to the word citizen, indeed, a significance and glory, — America,whose Washington clasped him to his heart of hearts,and called him son, — surely, my countrymen, Americawill recall him thus forever joined : Washington andLa Fayette.How can I extract, condense, and fuse into the limitsof this discourse the combined essence of his life andsoul — a life crowded from youth to age with heroisms, adventures, and romance ; a soul, luminous andglorious with its love of right ! I have felt as though I must bring here and read to you the entire correspondence between La Fayette and Washington ; notfor the effusive affection shown by the young officerfor his chieftain, but because his impetuous devotionpenetrated that wonderful reserve which has baffledhistory, and led even so redoubted a patriot as Mr.Ingersoll to say : " Washington has become a steel engraving."This correspondence shows him to have been afriend ; loyal, faithful, familiar, playful and tender asa father. My friends, it is difficult for youth to worship an abstraction, or a steel engraving ; and I askno other evidence of the intensely human nature ofGeorge Washington, in all those qualities which makefor comradery and good fellowship, than the intimatefriendship between him and two boys — most remarkable boys, with the brains to appreciate brains, thecourage which demands courage, hearts which feedon a heart's emotions ; I mean young Hamilton andLa Fayette.As for La Fayette's romance, that one exalted passion which survived all vicissitudes and hung, like anaureola, above the clouds of every battle — it is atheme for song and story ! From field and camp, fromforum and prison, La Fayette found time and meansto write to the mistress of his heart such letters as nowoman might read unmoved. And she, the child wife,fairest, gentlest, loveliest of womankind, becamethrough the splendor of her hero's love the wisest,bravest, noblest, best. The reign of terror came, andwith it those years of silence and separation ; the wifeimprisoned in Paris, the husband in Olmtitz. Whatwoman "attainted" of noble blood did not change hername, or suffer a mock divorce to escape, if might be,the scalpel of Dr. Guillotin ? Not so the wife of LaFayette ! If die she must, her death should beworthy the wife of such a husband. Her mother, sister, even the aged grandmother, frail, pitiful victimsto the murderous knife, were gone — all gone ! ButRobespierre was killed and she was saved. Yes, shewas loosed from Paris, and like a homing dove flewstraight to Olmtitz. Yes, freedom, sunlight, God'spure air, once more were hers, and in that very hourshe knocked at the dungeon of Austria and in thename of charity and love asked, begged, implored, toshare the entombment of her husband. The boon wasgranted with the gracious assurance that it must beforever. And here they lived, in a mephitic twilight,with rags for clothing, and prison fare for food, whilemonths, which seemed years, rolled into years, whichseemed eternities. Her health could not withstandthis strain. La Fayette, too nobly proud to ask onefavor for himself, petitioned humbly that his wifeUNIVERSITY RECORD 509might go and regain her strength. The leave wasgiven, conditioned that she should not return. NeedI assure you that she did not go ?A few years after their deliverance by Napoleon thisgracious woman died at the old chateau, attended byher husband. Every act of her life had been a tokenof her love, but it was reserved for this last illness toreveal its height and depth and amazing plenitude.Her death was the transfiguration, the apotheosis oflove. Poor La Fayette could only sit at her bedsideand with streaming eyes and breaking heart listen tothe gushing ecstasy of her affection. He assured herthat she was loved and valued. " Nay," she said, withwan coquetry, " I care not to be valued if I am onlyloved. Ah, my husband, there was a period when,after one of your returns from America, I felt myselfso forcibly attracted to you that I thought I shouldfaint every time you came into the room. I was possessed with the fear of annoying you, and tried tomoderate my feelings. What gratitude I owe toGod," she would repeat, " that such passionate feelings should have been a duty!" Again in her deliriumshe had said : " If you do not find yourself sufficientlyloved, lay the fault on God ; he hath not given memore faculties than that I love you christianly, humanly, passionately."I have chosen these sentences from a letter of LaFayette, written in holy confidence to a friend. Itseems almost sacrilege that it should ever have beenpublished. , And yet, not so. Perhaps in years tocome, some sublimated Zola, searching for realism,not in the muckheaps of humanity, but in the heartsof God's children, will stumble onto it and learn howreal, how true, how beautiful is human love when aman is a moral hero and woman his good angel !But it is not of La Fayette- in the private, or homerelationship of life that I am here to speak ; it is ofLa Fayette as a moral force in the history of the world— the apparitor of law — the evangel of liberty — theminister of God's will.When Patrick Henry in the Virginia house of burgesses, fulminated against King George III, all Europesmiled at the gasconade of a provincial orator. Hisvoice scarce vibrated beyond the room in which hischallenge was so proudly uttered. But when on theplains of Lexington our cannon spoke — then spoke anorator with a voice which rang until, like a soundingboard, the vaulted sky rang back again ! It reverberated in the palaces of kings ; it echoed from theabysm of human wretchedness. Fellow citizens,within the palace that very hour there was born aFear ; within the blackness of the abyss there wasconceived a Hope. What did it porten.d ? What did it not portend ?It meant that just as the Decalogue issued from thethunders of Sinai, so out of the thunders of the Revolution should proceed the constitution of the UnitedStates, both God-given, thunder-voiced, one in thename of morals, the other in the name of liberty !There was about the palace of the king of France at,the outbreak of the American revolution this youngnobleman of nineteen, the Marquis de La Fayettewhose Christian names are too numerous to mention.He was of the select coterie chosen by Marie Antoinette to perform amateur theatricals in her boudoirand do quadrilles in costume. He had been educatedto smile affably, and was a post-graduate in the art ofbowing. His alma mater was a dancing school.Three years previously, that is, at the age of sixteen,he had married the daughter of a duke, two yearsyounger than himself.* I have often wondered if human nature was soamomalous in France that phildren, just enteringtheir teens, could, with safety to the state, to saynothing of the dignity of the home, assume the relationship of marriage — that sublime duality, as mysterious as the Trinity, and only less sacred. But the language of France contained no such word as "home"until, in modern times, the people of France appropriated the English word ; in full reprisal, it seems tome, for all our depredations on their language. Asfor marriage among the nobility it was then, as it istoday, a matter of convention, the conveyance ofhereditaments, the merger of estates, with love as a"contingent remainder." The court of France wasutterly debauched. Arrogance had ceased to bearrogance, for the word implies some consciousness, atleast, of another's being ; but the patricians of Francehad ruled so long, so absolute, and so unquestioned,that a southern planter could not have been moreoblivious of a negro's entity than were the Frenchnoblesse of the existence of mere people. "Thestate!" cried Louis XIV, "I am the state — Uetat,c'est moi."The fortune of this youth was among the largestin Europe. He was accordingly fawned upon bycourtiers, and humored by the king. If he wasthought to be somewhat erratic it was only because hehad so little to say, whereas society expected him toprattle. He evinced, moreover, a predilection for hisown wife. Except for these slight aberrations he appeared to be as sane, and almost as inane, as nobilityin general.What unsuspected chord in the bosom of this supinearistocrat thrilled in unison with our cannon's roar ?What did his soul behold in the glare of this first510 UNIVERSITY RECORDpowder -flash? God knows! But surely the highestuse of history is to register the onward sweep of that" power which makes for righteousness," and in theknowledge of its trend conform our efforts to a divineintent. Thus, and thus only, may we perceive howmankind is urged forward and forever upward by aninexorable will, whose special agency is some specialman. This belief is not mysticism ; it is all thatredeems us from insanity. What happened, then, toLa Fayette ? What changed him in the twinkling ofan eye ? What was it that with strange compellinginfluence drew wise men from the East to worship at amanger? It was a star — God's star of Bethlehem.What was it burst in the brain of Saul, blasting hisvision in an agony of light ? It was a star — God'sstar of truth. What was it dawned on the soul ofLa Fayette, transfusing it with a purpose so sublimethat henceforth all he had was offered a willing sacrifice to its accomplishment ? It was a star — God's starof liberty. The declaration of independence — every sentence of which challenged the special privileges of hisclass, his own prerogatives, the title he bore, the rightof his kingly government to exist — reflected theradiance of this rising sun and glowed with celestialfire. Like an asterisk of destiny, like its f ellow of theEast, this star of the West hung brightening above thecradle of men's hopes. He needs must follow it !Accordingly, in April, of the year 1777, La Fayetteset sail for America, in a vessel purchased andequipped by himself expressly for the journey. Hisresolution had been taken against the protest of all hisfriends (save only of her, the best of friends) and inspite of the interdiction of his monarch. To circumvent the officers of the latter, he disguised himself asa courier, sleeping in stables from town to town untilhe reached the seacoast. But Louis XVI was not tobe baffled. He made it known to the American Congress that under no circumstances was the Marquis deLa Fayette to receive a commission in its armies.Congress was not only willing to oblige the king ofFrance, but, on its own account, thought that thequixotic services of the youthful marquis might provemore embarrassing than useful. Washington, moreover, shared the same opinion. He, poor man, hadseen enough of foreign adventurers. So that, uponhis arrival, La Fayette was graciously received, and asgraciously ignored. It was under these circumstances,and when his cherished plans had little hope of realization, that he addressed to Congress this brief butimmortal note :" After the sacrifices I have made I have the rightto exact two favors : one is to serve at my own expense, the other is to serve as a volunteer." There was no mistaking the temper or quality of thewriter of these lines ! Washington relented at once.La Fayette received his commission and was appointedaide-de-camp to the commander-in-chief. "Thereupon," says a biographer, "began one of those tenderand lasting friendships which exist between menwho share great perils in defense of great principles."They reached the camp of Washington in time towitness a review of troops. There were 11,000 men,possibly the forlornest ever calling themselves anarmy. Their munitions were wretched, their clothingragged, and without any attempt at uniformity in cutor color ; their evolutions were original, not to saygrotesque. But they were Americans, and Washington was their leader." We should feel some embarrassment," Washingtonobserved, " in showing ourselves to an officer who hasjust left the armies of France.""Sir," replied La Fayette, "it is to learn and not toteach that I am here."There spoke, not simply the modesty of the man,but if there be any design or meaning in the affairs ofmen, there spoke his destiny : He was here to learn.To learn what ? To . learn first of all, and all in all,Washington by heart ! To learn his Godlike integrityof nature — his singleness of purpose and loyalty offaith — his wisdom — his justice — his goodness — hisloving kindness — his prudence in counsel — his courage in action— his deep respect of self, combined witha divine unselfishness — his majesty of patience indefeat — his almost melancholy joy in victory. Tolearn Washington was to learn what God meant whenhe made us in his image ; it was to know man, thearchetype. Here was a provincial farmer whose prideof manhood, compared with the insolence of a king,soared into the empyrean, and yet who thought solittle of the habiliments of power that all he asked offortune or of fate were the tranquillity of Mt. Vernonand the obscurity of his home.What dignity could such greatness borrow from atitle ? To imagine Washington as a marquis was toimagine him with a ring in his nose. To know him asa man was to know what freedom meant, what freemen were, and how, to men like these, "liberty ordeath" was the dread alternative. La Fayetterenounced his marquisate and by act of Congress wasmade citizen of America.It is not my intention to catalogue his services tothis country, either as a soldier on our battlefields oras a diplomat at the court of France. We teach ourchildren to cherish those services in grateful and lasting memory. But there were two episodes of the warwhich so clearly reveal the character of this more thanUNIVERSITY RECORD 511patriot that no estimate of him would be completewithout referring to them.After the treachery of Arnold and his desertion tothe enemy, it transpired that the American forcesunder La Fayette found themselves confronting theEnglish forces commanded by the traitor. One day anuncio from the latter, under a flag of truce, soughtan interview, with La Fayette and handed him a letter.Learning from whom the letter was sent, La Fayettereturned it to the messenger unopened, stating that acommunication from any other British officer wouldbe courteously received, but under no circumstanceswould he so much as open a letter from Mr. Arnold." Mr. Arnold " was furious, of course, and Americanswere threatened with condign punishment. Butwhen news of the incident reached the ears ofWashington he wrote to La Fayette: "Your conductupon every occasion meets my approbation, but innone more than in refusing to hold a correspondencewith Arnold."Again, when La Fayette was sent south into Virginiato hold Cornwallis in check, the latter thought he had"the boy," as he called him, where he might notescape and so boasted in one of his reports. But itcame to pass that " the boy " maneuvered him into acul de sae.There seems to be little doubt that, in conjunctionwith the French fleet, a battle with the enemy couldhave been fought and won, and the French officers,naval and military, vehemently urged that, havingcornered the Englishman in Yorktown, it was due toLa Fayette that he go further and achieve the gloryof his final conquest. But the friend of Washingtonshook his head. " It is my duty," said he, "to guardthe enemy until Washington arrives ; to him, to himalone, belongs the glory of this coup de grace"What do you think of him, my countrymen ? Ofhis generosity, his magnanimity, his moral heroism ?Is it any wonder that Washington loved and trustedhim ? Is it any wonder that, in the preparation ofthis address, I have felt an admiration of my subjectgrowing beyond the limits of moderate expression —spilling itself in words more rhapsodical than wise ?" O man of silent mood —A stranger among strangers then,How art thou since renowned, the great, the good,Familiar as the day in all the homes of men.The winged years, that winnow praise and blame,Blow many names out ; they but fan to flameThe self -renewing splendors of thy fame."If so be, at first, in the exuberance of youth, or theennui of inaction, La Fayette took up liberty as a plaything and diversion, it had now become the passion of his life. Like Washington, he saw and realizedthe enormity, the horror of African slavery."Whatever may be the complexion of the enslaved,"he writes to Mr. Adams, "does not, in my opinion,change the complexion of the crime, which is blackerthan the face of any African." With a view to theultimate extinction of this anomaly in our government, he founded an African colony on the island ofCayenne, hoping to educate the negro into a sense offreedom and individuality. But the task seemedhopeless. And, indeed, with the surrender of Cornwallis, he felt that his mission in the world had beenaccomplished. It was in this belief that he wrote tothe French minister, Vergennes : " My great affair issettled. Humanity has gained its cause and libertywill never be without a refuge."How purblind is man, who cannot see beyond hiseyelashes nor prophesy from day to day what a daywill bring forth! His affairs were not settled. Hisgreat affair was yet to be. However great had beenLa Fayette's career in America (and no American willattempt to dwarf it), it was but an apprenticeship, anovitiate in the cause of liberty which all too soon wasto rage tumultuous in the heart of France. For Irepeat it : he was here to learn. Our war with England was not simply a political insurrection : it wasan insurrection of ideas.When, therefore, La Fayette returned to France, itwas not as an effigy of liberty, but as liberty's incendiary. His soul, like a torch, had been lighted at thatstar which first beckoned him away, and like a torchhe flung it among the dry and sapless institutions ofhis country. The conflagration, the holocaust, thenameless crackling which ensued, we call the FrenchRevolution.I could not, if I would, portray the venomous writh-ings of this infernal organism ; Carlyle has done it ina vertigo of words. What I would impress upon youis the fact that except for La Fayette this revolutionnever would have been. He it was who inspiredit, ruled it, was ruled by it, emerged from it to confront the sordid splendor of Napoleon with the gloryof Washington, survived it — tyranny, anarchy, despotism — survived it all, and then died, like Moses, insight of the promised land.France, I salute you ! In the name of La Fayette,whom you sent to us; in the name of Washington,whom we returned to you, America joins with you, Osister of liberty, in that shout which yet shall engirdlethe earth — "The king is dead! Long live therepublic ! "512 UNIVERSITY RECORDConcerning Certain Quartic Surfaces.*The thesis naturally divides itself into three parts :1) A detailed study of the surf ace z2= c2 (x2— a2) (y2— -b2).2) A brief study of a group of six related surfaces.3) An investigation concerning the curvatures of these sur-The locus of a point, so moving that the sum or differenceof its distances from two fixed intersecting straight lines isconstant, is found to be a surface of the fourth order whoseequation by proper choice of coordinates isz2 = c2 (x2 — a2) (y2 — b2).Two of the parallel systems of sections of this surface are coaxalsystems of conies, the sections parallel to the third coordinateplane are curves of the fourth degree having in general infinitebranches, and near the principal section an oval besides. Theprincipal section consists of two pairs of parallel lines.The locus of the asymptotes to either system of coaxal coniesforms a companion surface which is also of the fourth order.These two surfaces intersect in a plane curve, and each of themcontains, among all the possible systems of parallel sections,one system of coaxal hyperbolas. The locus of the asymptotesto these hyperbolas form two hyperbolic paraboloids intersecting each other in two straight lines. We obtain from thesurfacez2 = c2(x2 — a2) (y2 — b2)a group of six related surfaces by changing the signs of thequantities a2, b2. c2.Each of these quartics is briefly discussed as to form andcurvature. Careful drawings in parallel perspective accompany the thesis.* Abstract of thesis presented to the Department of Mathematics in candidacy for the degree of Ph.M. by RobertEdouard Moritz.Official Notices.Official copies of the University Record for theuse of students may be found in the corridors andhalls of the various buildings in the University quadrangles. Students are requested to make themselvesacquainted with the official actions and notices of TheUniversity, as published from week to week in theUniversity Record.The regular meetings of Boards and Faculties, to beheld Saturday, January 2, 1897, in the Faculty Room,Haskell Oriental Museum, are the following :8:30 a.m. — The Administrative Board of PhysicalCulture and Athletics.10:00 a.m.— The Administrative Board of StudentOrganizations, Publications, and Exhibitions.11:30 a.m. — The University Senate.The meetings of the Divisions of the Junior Colleges, at which the student councillors are to beelected, will be held in Cobb Hall, Monday, January 4,1897, at 8: 15 a.m. as follows: I. Chairman, Mr. Spiegel;. Division Officer, Dean Capps. B 7.II. Chairman, Miss Peterson ;Division Officer, Mr. Hill. B 6.III. Chairman, Mr. Cornell ;Division Officer, Mr. Owen. B 8.IV. Chairman, Mr. Ettelson ;Division Officer, Dr. Boyd. B 2.V. Chairman, Mr. Davis ;Division Officer, Assistant Professor A.Smith. Lecture Hall.VI. Division Officer, Assistant Professor F. J. Miller.B9.The weekly Division Lectures will be resumed Tuesday, January 12, at 10:30 a.m.DivisionThe meetings of the Divisions of the Senior Colleges for the election of student councillors will beheld on Monday, January 4, 1897, at 8:15 a.m., asfollows :I, with Dean Terry. C 7.II, with Associate Professor Castle. C 8.Ill, with Associate Prof. Blackburn. C 9.IV, with Professor Iddings. C 10V, with Mr. Catterall. C 11.VI, with Assistant Professor Herrick. C 3.The following changes in the -Winter Announcements of Courses are announced:1 A. Philosophy.38. History of Political Ethics. (Course withdrawn.)(New Course.) 41. Advanced Psychology, 2:00(Dewey) C13.IV. History.3. Introduction to Study of Mediaeval andModern History (Terry) 9:30 (instead of 11:30).V. Archozology.Courses in this department are Graduate Coursesopen to Senior College students.XI. Greek.The following courses will be given in Room B2(instead of the rooms announced in UniversityRecord) :2. Xenophon, etc. (Capps).9. Plato, etc. (Tarbell).21. Demosthenes (Castle).28. JEschylus (Shorey).35. Seminar (Shorey).UNIVERSITY RECORD 513XIII. Romance.(New Course.) 4. Modern French Comedies, 11:00(Howland) C13.57. Dante (Howland). (Course withdrawn.)XVI. Biblical Literature in English.The following courses, •A37. Prophecy and History of Prophecy(Harper),B19. Historical Study of the Life of Christ(Burton),will be given Sunday morning, from 8: 30 to 9: 30,and from 9:30 to 10:30, respectively.XXIV. Physiology.2. General Laboratory Work (Lingle) requiresCourse 1 only as prerequisite (instead of Courses 1, 6,7, 8 as announced).XXIX. Physical Culture.19a. Track and Field Sports (Stagg) will be givenas an extra section at 3:15.196. Track and Field Sports 4: 45 (Stagg).20. Basket Ball 4:00 (Butter worth) G2.20Z?. (Course withdrawn).Bla. 9:45(Stieg).The Zoological Club will hold its regular meetingon Wednesday, January 6, 1897, in Kent 22, at 3:00p.m. Contributions on the "Centrosome" will be givenby Head Professor Whitman, Assistant ProfessorWatase, Dr. Child, and Miss Foote. Head ProfessorWhitman will also give an abstract of some recentwork on the same subject by Dr. Mead of BrownUniversity.Official Reports.During the week ending December 29, 1896, therehas been added to the Library of The University atotal number of 195 books from the following sources :Books added by purchase, 89 vols., distributed asfollows :Philosophy, 1 vol.; Political Economy, 4 vols.; Political Science, 7 vols.; History, 1 vol.; Sociology, 20vols.; Sociology (Divinity), 6 vols.; Semitic, 4 vols.;New Testament, 1 vol.; Greek, 2 vols.; Latin, 1 vol.; Latin and Greek, 1 vol.; English, 1 vol.; Mathematics,1 vol.; Geology, 2 vols.; Elocution, 24 vols.; ChurchHistory, 4 vols.; Morgan Park Academy, 6 vols.; Scandinavian Departments, 3 vols.Books added by gift, 106 vols., distributed as follows :General Library, 74 vols.; Pedagogy, 25 vols.; Political Economy, 1 vol.; Sociology, 1 vol.; Mathematics, 4 vols.; Astronomy, 1 vol.Religious.The University Chaplain, Associate Professor C. R.Henderson, can be found during his office hour, from1:00 to 1:30 p.m. in C 2, Cobb Lecture Hall, Tuesday,Thursday, and Friday.The Vesper services for the Winter Quarter will havefor their subject "Life after Death," to be treatedfrom the point of view of the influence of religiousopinion upon life and conduct.Jan. 3. 1. The Influence of Thought upon Lifeand Conduct, Head Professor Small." 10. 2. Life after Death among Primitive Men,Assistant Professor Thomas.Jan 17. 3. Life after Death among the Egyptians,Dr. J. H. Breasted.' " the Assyro-Babylonians,Professor E. T. Harper.:' in ancient Persia and India,Associate Professor Goodspeed.Feb. 7. 6. Life after Death among Greeks andRomans, Head Professor Shorey.7. Life after Death among the Hebrews,President Harper." " the Mohammedans,Professor Hirsch." in the New Testament,Head Professor Burton." in Modern Literature,F. W. Gunsaulus." from the Point of View ofHead Professor Chamberlin,12. Life after Death from the point of view ofPhilosophy, Professor W. D. Mackenzie.Admission by ticket, to be obtained at the office ofthe Registrar.24. 4.31. 5.14.21. 8.28. 9.Mch.7. 10.14. 11.Science,21.514 UNIVERSITY RECORDTHE CALENDAR.JANUARYFriday, January 1.The Seventeenth University Convocation, the Auditorium, 8:00 p.m.Saturday, January 2.Lectures and Recitations of the Winter Quarter begin. 8:30 a.m.Matriculation and Registration of incoming students,8:30a.m.-12:30p.m.Administrative Board of Physical Culture andAthletics, 8:30 a.m.Administrative Board of Student Organizations,Publications, and Exhibitions, 10:00 a.m.University Senate, 11 : 30 a.m.University Congregation, Faculty Room, HaskellOriental Museum, 2:15 p.m.Congregation Dinner, Assembly Room, HaskellOriental Museum, 7:00 p.m.Sunday, January 3,Convocation Vespers: Address by Head ProfessorSmall, Kent Theater, 4:00 p.m. (see p. 513). 1-9, 1897.Monday, January 4.Chapel-Assembly : Junior Colleges. — Chapel, CobbLecture Hall, 10:30 a.m.Division Meetings of the Senior and Junior Colleges,8:15 a.m. (see p. 512).Tuesday, January 5.Chapel-Assembly : Senior Colleges.— Chapel, CobbLecture Hall, 10:30 a.m.Wednesday, January 6.Zoological Club, Kent, 22, 3:00 p.m. (see p. 513).Thursday, January 7.Chapel-Assembly: Divinity School.— Chapel, CobbLecture Hall, 10:30 a.m.Friday, January 8.Chapel-Assembly : Graduate School. — Chapel, CobbLecture Hall, 10:30 a.m.Saturday, January 9.Administrative Board of University Press, 8:30 a.m.Faculty of the Junior Colleges, 10:00 a.m.University Council, 11:30 a.m.Material for the UNIVERSITY RECORD must be sent to the Recorder by THURSDAY, 8:30 A.M., inorder to be published in the issue of the same week.