A ^Price Five Cents ;Vol. 4, No. i .1-149^C. Croneis, McNeill, UllmanLeave for Other CollegesThe resignations of three Universityof Chicago professors were made pub¬lic this week. Carey Croneis, Profes¬sor of Geology, John T. McNeill, Pro¬fessor of History of European Chris¬tianity, and Berthold L. Ullman, Pro¬fessor of Latin, the resignees, areleaving the University to assume po¬sitions on the faculties of other col¬leges.CAREY CRONEISThis fall. Professor Carey Coneiswill become the new president of Bel¬oit College at Beloit, Wisconsin. Anassociate professor at the Universitysince 1928, he received his full pro¬fessorship in 1941. He taught atRadcliffe and Wellesley after earn¬ing his Bachelor’s degree at the Uni¬versity of Kansas, his Master’s degreeat Itennisop, a.nd a Ph.D^ at Harvard.Croneis is the co-author of Down toEarth, a geology textbook used in thePhysical Science Survey, and designerof the geology section at the Rosen-wald Museum.Professor McNeill is to leave theMidway on June 30 for New York,where he has been appointed Profes¬sor of Church History at the Unionand Auburn Theological Seminaries.A professor in the Fede ’ated Theolo¬gical Faculty for seventeen years,McNeill is well known throughout theUnited States and Canada, where hewas born, as a lecturer, minister, au¬thor, and historian. After his ordina¬tion in the Presbyterian Church ofCanada in 1913, he lectured at West¬minster Hall, Vancouver, taught atQueen’s University in Ontario andKnox College in Toronto, and acceptedhis present position at the Universityof Chicago in 1927. Professor McNeillis the author of many well knownbooks on Christian history, amongthem Medieval Handbooks of Penance,written in collaboration with HelenaGamer, Makers of Christianity, andChristian Hope for World Society,NOTICEAll students interested inworking on THE CHICAGOMaroon for the summerquarter are requested to re¬port to Cobb Hall 203 Tuesdayafternoon (June 27) at one-thirty. Previous newspaper orwriting experience is not nec¬essary.G. R. SchreiberDirector of StudentPublications BERTHOLD L. ULLMANBerthold Ullman, a faculty memberfor nineteen years, will become KenanProfessor of Classics and Chairmanof the Department t)f Classics at theUniversity of North Carolina, afterhis departure on July 1. He taughtat the University of Pittsburgh, theUniversity of Iowa, and was a Visit¬ing Professor at the American Schoolof Classical Studies in Rome in 1925-20. Professor Ullman received hisPh.D. at the University of Chicago in1908.Hutchins SpeaksTo Graduates at217tli CouvoeatioiiWhile w'ar has given man a direc¬tion and a purpose, his real futurelies in what meaning he can give hislife after the vmr, President RobertM. Hutchins declared in his address atthe Spring Convocation, last Friday.“You cannot ask for lives withoutlabor, but you can see to it that youdo not live lives without meaning,”Mr. Hutchins ' told the graduates.“Your lives will have meaning in pro¬portion as they have purpose.”“In one sense war is a great reliefto the man of the twentieth century.It supplies him with a purpose. Atlast he has something to live for, andsomething to die for.“War, like any other purpose, sup-lies* the principles of limitation, unity,and apportionment that society hassought for in vain. War gives us,for example, a definition of waste interms of a definition of purpose, w'hichcontravenes the good old Anglo-Saxondoctrine that a man may do what helikes with his own. War submits theotherwise inscrutable conflicts of cap¬ital and labor, for example, to thejudgment of an overruling object,which is winning the war. This isunity. War puts every man in hisplace. This is the principle of appor¬tionment.“Hence the lives of all of us havemeaning now. And the lives of thoseof military age have the clearestmeaning of all.“The question is not whether yourlives have meaning nr w, but whatmeaning they can have after the war.Patriotism is compulsory now. Ad¬herence to the common purpose isunavoidable. But the dangers andcorruptions of peace are in a waygreater, because more insidious, thanany peril likely to confront this coun¬try in war. No simple and obviousSee Convocation . . . page 2 Friday, June 23, 1944 / H ofDean Aaron Brumbaugh ResignsT0 Accept Vice-Presidency ofAmerican Council on EducationAaron J. Brumbaugh, Dean of Stu¬dents and Professor of Education,'hasannounced his resignation from theUniversity in an exclusive interviewwith The Chicago Maroon. He willleave at the end of the summer quar¬ter, after being connected with theUniversity since 1925, to become vice-president of the American Council onEducation, in Washington, D.C. Heemphasized that his resignation atthis time has no connection with thepresent controversy between Presi¬dent Hutchins and certain members ofthe University Senate. “I have hadthe best of cooperation both withAdministration and Faculty membersduring my stay here,” he continued.Dean Brumbaugh has had a dis-Leo (herne GuestOn U.ofC. Round TableThe Round Table last Sunday em¬phasized the importance of small bus¬iness and the necessity for a programwhich would promote its return andcontinuation after the war.“Small business is important eco¬nomically,” declared Leo Cherne, Ex¬ecutive Director of the Research In¬stitute of America, “by serving asthe thorn in the side of big business—as a needier—by providing compe¬tition, improving products, and low¬ering prices.”“However,” he continued, “I thinkthat small business is almost moreimportant politically than either eco¬nomically or socially, for it maintainsand supports the great American mid¬dle class. Fascism only comes and isa danger when there is a sick middleclass.”See Round Table . . .page 3Z. Smith AnnouncesPlan to OrganizeService FraternityA meetingto reorganizethe Universi¬ty of Chicagochapter ofAlpha PhiOmega, na¬tional serv¬ice fraterni¬ty for collegestudents af¬filiated 0 rZENS SMITH formerly af¬filiated with the Boy Scouts of Amer¬ica, has been announced by Zens L.Smith, Faculty Adviser. All interest¬ed students are invited to attend. Themeeting will be held next Wednesdayevening at 7:30 in Swift Commons.The campus chapter of the frater¬nity was active several years ago,during which time it undertook suchprojects as organizing a Boy Scouttroop for crippled children at BobsRoberts Hospital. A former president,Philip Lindahl, now connected withthe Standard Oil Company, has under¬taken to reorganize the chapter. Itsactivities will include service both forthe students body and the University,and for the war effort. tinguished career as an educator, spe¬cializing in guidance and personnelwork for students in higher educa¬tional institutions. He received hisBachelor’s degree from Mount MorrisCollege in 1914, his Master’s degreefrom the University of Chicago in1918, and his Ph.D., also from theUniversity, in 1929. In addition heholds the LL.D. degree from AlbionCollege.Before coming to the University asProfessor of Education in 1925, DeanBrumbaugh was successively head ofthe English Department, Dean andProfessor of Education, and Presidentof Mount Morris College. He has beenDean of Students here since 1936.He is a member of the Boards ofTrustees of Central Y.M.C.A. College(Chicago), Frances Shimer College,and the Chicago Musical College, andis also a member of the Board of Di¬rectors of International House.From 1938 to the spring of thisyear. Dean Brumbaugh was Secretaryto the Committee on Colleges andUniversities of the North Central As¬sociation of Colleges and SecondarySchools. He has written several booksand articles on education, and is aconsultant to the Professional andTechnical Division of the War Man¬power Commission and a member ofthe Advisory CoHqmittee to the De¬partment of State on the AdjustmentWith the discard of high school cred¬its as requirements for admittance tothe four year College, the Universityof Chicago goes still further ahead ofcolleges and universities throughoutthe country.“The decision to use actual educa¬tional achievement to determine thelevel at which students enter the Col¬lege is another step in the Univer¬sity’s program to abolish educationalbookkeeping,” President Robert M.Hutchins declared in announcing thechange.Placement tests for war veteranshave been gaining the approval ofother major universities, but accord¬ing to Clarence H. Faust, Dean of theCollege, its application to all enteringCollege students at the University ofChicago is a unique departure fromaccepted university methods.The placement tests, together withthe regular aptitude tests, will begiven to all incoming College students.Placement tests will also be given tothose entering the Division of theSocial Sciences, the School of Busi¬ness, and the Federated TheologicalSchools for graduate work.Devised by the staff of Ralph W.Tyler, University Examiner and direc¬tor of the world’s largest militarytest-making laboratory, with the co¬operation of the departments of theUniversity, the tests cover thehumanities, the social sciences, thephysical sciences, the biological sci¬ences and English.According to. Dean Faust, thosestudents who pursued outside intel- of Foreign Students.The American Council on Education,of which Mr. Brumbaugh will becomevice-president, is an association ofapproximately 600 institutions ofhigher education, 56 educational or¬ganizations, and a number of publicschool systems in large cities. It wasorganized during the first World Waras an agency to aid educational insti¬tutions in serving the war effort andto help them protect academic stan¬dards. Since then it has engaged in awide variety of educational projects,including an educational project inSouth America, a project concernedwith the relationship of the federalgovernment to education, and studiesof the preparation of teachers, recent¬ly published, and of the use of mo¬tion pictures in education. Mr. Brum¬baugh is chairman of the Committeeon Accrediting Procedures of theCouncil. This committee is nowengaged in evaluating the educa¬tional experience gained in each ofseveral hundred military duties, sothat university registrars and highschool principals will have a guide forassigning credits to returning veter¬ans for work done in the line of mil¬itary duty. As vice-president of theCouncil, Mr. Brumbaugh will have nospecific duties, but he will have theopportunity to help direct certain ofthe Council’s projects.lectual studies while at high schoolor in the armed services will be per¬mitted to advance faster than theircredits would ordinarily allow. Thenew program Will be especially bene¬ficial to servicemen who studied un¬der the military training programs.Ernest C. Colwell, University VicePresident and Dean of the Faculties,declared that the entire placementprogram climaxes 15 years of experi¬ment to break the credit system whichhas sei*ved to retard the progress ofstudents.Don't Miss SmedleyHigh School Credits AbolishedAs Requirements for ChicagoL Page T#o THE CHICAGO MAROONTHE CHICAGO MAROONOlUcial atadent publiemtion of the University of Chicago, published every Friday during the academic quarters,fntton Hall, University of Chicago, Chicago. Illinois. Telephone DORchester 7279 or ItIDway 0800, Ext. S81-EDITOR: Fiederick 1. Gottesman Published atBUSINESS MANAGER; Alan J. StraussEditorial Associates: John Harmon, William WambaughEditorial Assistants: Dolores Ensel, Roger Englander, Bamby Golden, Dorothy Iker, Lorraine McFadden, Don Shields, Nancy Smith, Car*la ZingareliiBusiness Assistants: Florence Baumruk, Marilyn Fletcher, Floyd LandisPrinciple vs. Politics‘'You have sold your soul; you are a completeThomist” have been statements used severaltimes in attempts to describe our past series ofeditorials on the Senate. Of course, there aresome people who haven’t used so kindly a de¬scription of our modest efforts to bring clarityout of chaos, as witness a letter addressed to uselsewhere in this issue. However, the idea thatwe have to be Thomists or that we have to “sitbeneath Mr. Hutchins’ table” (another chargedropped at our feet) in order to take the positionwe have, both amazes and puzzles us greatly.We have consistently maintained that the Me¬morialists put the cart before the horse by in¬sisting that final legislative power be theirs,rather than seeking reform that would make theSenate truly representative and democratic. Wehave continuously denied that the question ofwhere the power at the University resides is ofprior importance to the discussion and determi¬nation of fundamental educational principles.Moreover, we do not consider the age-old prob¬lem of research versus teaching to be a bona fideprinciple in this situation, because such a matterbelongs quite properly in the same category asthe psychological non sequitur of heredity ver¬sus environment. Consequently, we believe thatthe major issues raised by the “Memorial” andconfirmed by the interim report of the SenateCommittee on Reorganization to be either pure¬ly political or irrelevant.However, there are matters of basic educa¬tional philosophy that need to be explored. Bygoing outside of the University we hear of thecontroversy between Mr. Dewey and Mr. Hutch¬ins, and all the educators or would-be educatorswho have taken sides, regarding an educationalphilosophy. Nowhere in the “Memorial” or inthe White committee report or in all the publicutterances of the various protagonists have weseen or heard mention of such matters. Yet,these should be of the utmost concern.It is easy to understand that many of thepeople who have placed themselves in oppositionto Mr. Hutchins, have done so on the basis^ofdifference of principle. However, since they se¬lected political “principles” in lieu of anythingbetter or more pertinent on which to stage theirpublic battle, we feel completely justified in be¬ing critical, without committing ourselves on thematter of Hutchins-Adler education.$alye!this quarter, another new class enters theUniversity. We again have the pleasure of wel¬coming them to the Midway—a unique pleasurebecause of the unmatched opportunities for in¬tellectual profit which will be offered them here.The very fact that others of their same age andeducational experience are still completing theirsecondary education symbolizes that uniqueness.It may be well for those of us who have beenhere before, as well as for the newest students,to consider our situation here. The major¬ity of us, never having attended any other col¬leges and universities, fail to appreciate that thisUniversity is a center of education revolution,and that students as well as Faculty are educa¬tional rebels. The College Plan, with its surveysand comprehensives, was, until recently, an ex¬clusive Chicago product. Now a number of otheruniversities are beginning to follow our lead in This Week On CampusF.riday, June 23—Worship Service, Joseph Bond Chapel. i2 Noon.Open House, Ida Noyes Hall. 8:00-10:30 p.m. Swimming,bridge, roller-skating, bowling, dancing.Saturday, June 24—Sunday, June 25—Breakfast Party and Hike. Leaves Ida Noyes Hall, 9:00a.m.Religious Service, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 11:00a.m. Speaker: Charles W. Gilkey, Dean of the Chapel.University of Chicago' Round Table. WMAQ and NBC,12:30-1:00 a.m. Subject: “Issues Facing the RepublicanParty.” Speakers: Alf M. Landon, Senator Joseph H.Ball of Minnesota, Harold D. I^asswell, Director ofWar Communications Project, Library of Cortgress, andfourth speaker to be announced.Organ Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 7:00-7:30p.m.Carillon Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 8:00-8:30p.m.Monday, June 26—Tuesday, June 27—Worship Service, Joseph Bond Chapel. 12 Noon.Recording Concert and Tea, Ida Noyes Hall. 3:30-5:00p.m.Public Lecture: “Past Attitudes and Present Problems,”Avery 0. Craven, Professor of American History. Room122, Social Science, 4:30 p.m.Recreational Evening, Ida Noyes Hall. 7:30-9:00 p.m.Carillon Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 8:00-8:30p.m.Wednesday, June 28—Public Lecture: “Asia and the New Russia: Not Com¬munism but the Recent Nationalism,” Sunder Joshi,Lecturer in Comparative Religion. Room 122, SocialScience, 4:30 p.m.Organ Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 7:00-7:30p.m.Meeting for members and former members of Boy Scoutsof America interested in joining Alpha Phi Omega,National Service Fraternity. Swift Commons, 7:30 p.m.Carillon Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 8:00-8:30p.m.Thursday, June 29—Carillon Recital, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. 8:00-8:30p.m.Lecture—Reading: “Marco Millions,” Eugene O’Neill.Reader: Davis Edwards, Associate Professor of Speech.Breasted Hall, Oriental Institute. 8:15 p.m.Riflle Training Course. University Field House. 7:30 p.m.President’s Reception, Ida Noyes Hall. 9:00-10:00 p.m. Smedley and/GeorgeJohn Harmonthese matters, although some of them have notyet adopted the complete College Plan.It is easy enough to lose sight of the goal putwithin our grasp by the opportunities offeredhere — the attainment of that broad in¬tellectual foundation necessary for useful (andnot in any strict utilitarian sense) and fulsomeliving in our modern world. Immersed in phys¬ical sciences or social sciences or the humani¬ties, we may fail to see that the pieces of thepuzzle fit together in one complete design. Andit will be only by keeping our ends constantly inmind that we can take fullest advantage of themeans offered.As far as the many issues now being tossedaround the campus are concerned, this need notbe a matter of disillusion or confusion. Althoughsome of the matters are of no consequence tostudents of the University, others are, and shouldprove to be a further instance of stimulatingintellectual activity, raher than disappointing.The University of Chicago is progressive andrevolutionary, not only in terms of accomplish¬ments already reached, but even more so interms of tremendously important potentials.From the vrelter of pros and cons, a wonderfulfuture for the entire educational world, as wellas the University itself, will yet emerge. Feelproud that you have the unrivalled opportunityto be an intrinsic part of this future. “My goodness,**said Smedley. “Itseems just asthough we’re rid¬ing down a dustycanyon in the'West. Georgelooked at thehuge clouds roll¬ing between the narrow stacks of thelibrary and agreed.“Let’s go see who’s raising such a'fuss,” said Smedley. George' cougheda little but continued. Finally the dustbecame so thick they had to stop.“G'oodness,” said Smedley. “We’dbetter tie hankies across our faces.”George the Goat didn’t say anythingbut nodded his head in approval.George seemed prouder and braverthan ever as they again movedthrough the clouds between the li¬brary shelves.Finally, through the dust, they sawthe dim outline of a figure.“Goodness,” said Smedley. “It isprobably a poor person in distress! Ifonly you were a St. Bernard, George.”George the Goat didn’t say anythingbut hung his head. Smedley "was sor¬ry he had said such a thing andsought to change the subject by a loudhallooo.“Excelsior,” returned a voice andSmedley noticed a figure climbinghigher and higher on the shelves.“Can we help you?” asked Smedley.“Are you in distress?”“I’ll say I am,” returned the voiceof the dusty silhouette. “Terrible...”He then began to cough from the dust.He coughed louder and longer until heshook himself from his footing on thetop shelf and fell in a heap at theirfeet. *“Goodness, are you hurt?” askedSmedley.“No,” said the man, “only shaken.I’m quite used to such falls. They areonly one of the hazards of research.”“Oh,” said Smedley. “Then you doresearch.”“Nothing else,” returned the man.“Don’t you teach?” asked Smedley.“Oh, occasionally,” answered theman. “But education is hitting a newlow. No one wants to take my courseson The Use of the Se7ni‘Colon In Cov¬entry Padinore or Commas, Apostro¬phes and Hyphens In Herman Mel¬ville.“Too bad,” said Smedley. “Is thatall you studied?” “I studied nothing!” answered theman sharply. “I learned the techniquesof research.”“Oh,” said Smedley. “And what arethey?**“I see you too are a victim of thesedictatorial doctrines which teach youto think rather than to learn, but Iwill take pity on you and acquaint youwith the intricate techniques of re¬search,” answered the man in themost periodic sentence his dustybreath would bear. He then began:“First, you must learn shelf climbing.This is very difficult for at first youfall from even the lowest shelf. How¬ever, you soon learn. After a whileyou only fall from the highest shelf.Of if you can get roundly fat you cansqueeze between the shelves and staythere indefinitely or at least until youreduce from lack of food.”Smedley thought this last was agood point. The man continued, ‘ Thenof course there is dust breathing.Each' candidate for his Ph.D. mustbreathe at least a pound of dust a dayfor the first quarter. This is increaseduntil when he has his degree, he isbreathing ten pounds a day. Of coursemany of the candidates die from sili¬cosis but you wouldn’t want too manyto get Ph.Dd’s anyway. Besides, agood researcher must be able to holdhis dust.”Smedley thought they might havethe man over to take the place ofMother’s vacuum cleaner which wasstill at the repair shop but he thoughtthe man carried too much dust in hisclothes to be of any help. Just thenthe man began to climb again.“Excelsior! The comma!” he shout¬ed as he disappeared into the cloudsof dust that still hung between theshelves.“Goodness,” said Smedley. “Heshould have been a miner. They digup bigger things than commas.”Convocation . . .(Continued from page 1)purpose remains, either for the indi¬vidual or the community.“We know now that technology isno more a substitute for justice thancompetition is for honesty. Whateverthe good life may be, it is certainlynot the remorseless accumulation oftangible commodities. Whatever thegood state may be, it is certainly notthat whose purpose is to offer thelargest boxing ring, with the highestprizes, and the minimum of referee¬ing.”Mr. Hutchins called for a “moraland intellectual conversion,” thework of educated men, which wouldcommit mankind to a purpose higherthan the mere gratification of irra¬tional desires. Letters* Register forSummer Quarter Compsbefore July 1Cobb Hall, Room 100 To the Editor:The undersigned' consider it to beboth ridiculous and shameful thatthey should be under the necessity ofwriting you on the subject of yourissue of June 16. Painful as the con¬troversy has undoubtedly been to theparticipants. President and facultymembers alike have conducted them¬selves as academic gentlemen. Yourissue on the other hand is unworthyof the University and is insulting notonly to the faculty members concernedbut to the President as well. To chargesuch men as Leonard D. White, JacobViner, Quincy Wright, Frank H.Knight, Ronald S. Crane, and Fay-Cooper Cole with “utter pretentious¬ness and insincerity,” with actionswhich “give the lie to their pious pro¬testations of seeking only the bestinterests of the University,” with thq. ^lack of “the necessary vision and theobjective intelligence” to act respon¬sibly, and with being “only interestedin their petty prerogatives, their rank,and their salaries,” is, and we speakin all sincerity, disgusting. As gradu¬ate students of the University, wehope that the campus will not contin¬ue to be disgraced by this brand ofcheap journalism.(signed) James DingwallJ. M. LeticheB. L. BirdwhistellRichard S. MacNeishDonald E. WrayJyoti SarmaLouise CarusMartha C. MitchellShirley A. BillI. R. KosloffMiriam BortnlckBert F. Hoselitz\v1637411Feature PageDon ShieldsTraveling BazaarThe entering summer studentsgathered in Ida last Tuesday nightfor an activities meeting, and the up¬perclassmen that could crashed toget a look at them. Mary Augustine’sOrientation Committee, however, func¬tioned to perfection and provided aprotective blanket that proved hard topierce. Jack Welsh, new Pres of In¬ter-Fraternity Council ran into a lit¬tle trouble.. .he came prepared to de¬liver a minor harangue on the vir-’ tues of fraternities for the benefit ofthe freshmen men but was promptly muzzled by thepowers that be...the only fraternity talk allowed wasa short blurb by Paul Russell in a general speech about(of all things) campus religious organizations.. .Welshalso found out that the lists of entering men containingsuch “pertinent” information as race, creed, and colorhas been denied I.F. Council this year...All of whichseems to mean that the University’s squeeze play againstfraternities, predicted here a few weeks ago, has startedsooner than had been expected.And now to more pleasant topics.. .since none of thefreshmen have as yet had time to make fools of them¬selves (or at least good names) we haven’t been able tojjet much on ’em...but that’ll come later. The Chi Rhosseem to have an affinity for the Anthropology Depart¬ment... and I don’t mean that they’re majoring in thesubject but in the students...Priscilla Copeland is head¬ed for Washington, D.C. to marry Capt. Conrad Reiningnow of Military Intelligence who used to be an Anthro¬pology major here, while club sister Georgia Andersontrapped herself Joseph Caldwell in Thorndyke Hiltonlast Sat. morning and this groom too is an Anthropolo¬gy boy.Tile crew cut fad amongst some of our fairest campusqueens has spread to Janie Graham.. .Janie made themistake of cutting it herself and then went to the Int.House barber to get a few minor repairs made...thebarber stared for a while, sadly shook his head and said,“Sorry, there’s not much I can do”...but Janie lookscute anyw'ay. Club Rushing, which sets every littlefreshwoman’s heart a-twitter, will be carried on in grandstyle through the summer. ..almost every club, with themighty Sigmas, Mortar Hoards, Quads, and Esos leadingas usual will sponsor a round of teas, cozys and brawlsthat will keep the new women happy and their littleminds from becoming too involved in their books...sofar none of our new arrivals have had a chance to shinebut the first “C” Dance will doubtless bring out all theavailable Club women on campus to look them over...The rushing will probably be bitter since most of thenew class are from the first two years of the College andhence ineligible.. .This in itself narrows down the listnot to mention the fact that all the clubs will requirelarger than usual pledge classes if they are to keepstrong under the New Plan...As mentioned above thefraternities will have to contend with an apathetic ifnot actually hostile attitude from the University.. .In¬stead of having the School explain the fraternity sys¬tem the Houses will have to do it themselves, and theproblem of getting all interested freshmen together inone place at one time is going to be extremely un-simpleto say the least . . . the silver lining to the Greekcloud is that only three or four of the fraternities willcarry on an active rushing program.The tale rounding the campus of the girl in one ofthe women’s dorms who ran into a janitor as she cameout of the shower in the altogether reminds Bazaar ofthe fabulous Donna C. of yesteryear whose favoritepastime was running around Foster and Kelly in thenude scaring hell out of any freshman she could find....She usually waited until some nice little girl (preferablyfrom some srfiall town of rigid morals) went into herroom to unpack... La Belle Donna would then disrobecompletely and clad only in a cigarette would drapeherself gracefully over the door-sill (acting the epitomeof utter nonchalance) and in a sweet voice would cas¬ually say to the horror stricken freshman, “Pardon medear, but have you a match?”Joan Ellen Salmon’s Annapolis June Week was fullof hilarious faux pas against the Naval Academy’s tra¬ditions, most of which are unfortunately pointless tothose who are unacquainted with the Academy’s etiquette• •. Her date, incidentally, was Ollie Hallet, ex-U higher'vho transferred to Andover.. .and amongst other things,she returned with his class crest pin which I assure youMeans something...she doesn’t say much about itbut judging from her smiles she doesn’t have to... D.S. — THE CHICAGO MAROONyancy SmithBox OfficeA GUY NAMED JOE . . . SpencerTracy lays aside his priestly garb,his repertorial sack suits and playsa breezy Army Air Corps flyer. Acrack pilot, he is killed about one-quarter through the picture diving hisdamaged plane at a Nazi carrier; isushered in to see the ghostly General.(Lionel Barrymore) who is the com¬mander of Pilot’s Heaven. The Generalinforms Tracy that his duty in thehereafter is teaching young flyers thebusiness of piloting fighter planes. Pete (Spencer Tracy)has the particular responsibility of fledgling Ted Ran¬dall (Van Johnson) who gradually absorbs both thedaredevil flying techniques and personality of his spec¬tre instructor unknowingly. Pete is invisible to every¬one except the audience.He does such a thorough job of reforming Ted froma shy, uncertain intellectual into a spectacular pilot aswell as lady-killer that the whole course of study back¬fires smack in his face when Ted meets Irene Dunne,Pete’s ex-sweetheart. Even though still in love with thedead Mr. Tracy, she becomes engaged to Ted, is^ freedfrom her worship of Pete’s memory only when he finallyreleases her voluntarily—with many beautiful wordsto the accompaniment of the music of the spheres. MissDunne relinquishes her image and beats a hasty pathto Ted, while Tracy soliloquizes at finis: '“That’s mygirl. And that’s my boy.”The picture is friendly, often beautiful, and muchmore tender than Ginger Rogers’ “Comrade.” It is some¬what lengthy in spots, but always simple and entirelysincere. When both alive, Tracy and Miss Dunne areperfect foils for each other’s front and back talk—someof the best screen dialogue ever written forms the con¬versation of these two strong, yet wholly different, per¬sonalities. Van Johnson adds warmth and light charmto the story—which already has all the elements of first-class Grade A cinema.WOMEN IN BONDAGE . . . tells the tragic storyof the regimenting of the women of Germany. Gail Pat¬rick, as Frau-something-Teutonic (can’t remember theseforeign names) returns after a long absence to her na¬tive German soil when her husband is drafted into theforces of the Army in Russia. She is immediately strong-armed into a commission in the Army of Women. Theplot hinges on the resistance of one of her section girls(Nancy Kelly) to the tyranny of the Fuehrer. She isapparently singled out as a symbol of All-Suffering Ger¬man Womanhood. I suppose “shocking” and “brutal”would be two excellent words to describe the theme ofthe movie and of the state of affairs in the Reich, butsomewhat it can’t quite command all dur sympathy andtherefore misses the boat. “Women in Bondage” isn’ttoo bad, but owing to decided lacks in technique, isn’ttoo good. Most of the main characters die like flies, sothat if the picture hadn’t ended when it did (immediatelyafter killing off the last two) the story would have beenfloundering around without a cast. One is strangely re¬minded of “Hamlet.”Bill RobertsLife LinesBut my dear Private Green, that just isn’t done! Marjorie Morgan ConcludesSeries of Vdice RecitalsWednesday night saw the third andconcluding recital in the series ofthree “Studio Recitals” which Mar¬jorie Morgan has been giving in IdaNoyes. This one, titled “Musical andPoetical Compositions”, was given ov¬er to examples of the “art song” inchronological and categorical order.A word should be pUt in for WilliamWhitaker’s very good accompani¬ments, which show the possession ofa sound technique that would be niceto hear in solo recital. Somethingdrastic, however, should be done aboutthe Ida grand: the action was so noisyas to interfere with the tone at times.Professor Scott Goldthwaite of theDepartment of Music prefaced theprogram with some remarks on thehistory of the “art song.” It was goodto find that there is some one on thefaculty who appreciates Faure’s gen¬ius in'this field.Mrs. Morgan was at her best in theGerman lieder where she had a sim¬ple vehicle which lent itself to somerather expressive singing. This wasmost evident in Franz’ Stille Sicher-heit and Widor’s Contemplation. Onthe other hand, in Schumann’s Wid-niung and Erich Wolff’s Alle Dingehahen Sprache, with its somber open¬ing and steadily rising crescendo offorce, there was an opportunity to dis¬play an intensity of utterance. (Lestsome indignant reader write in andcomplain that Widor did not writelieder, I shall remark that I am awareof the fact; but that the songs of Wi¬dor are for the most part closer toEdward EigenschenckGives Organ ProgramTo inaugurate a series of Wednes¬day and Sunday evening programs oforgan music at the University, Ed¬ward Eigenschenck presented a reci¬tal at Rockefeller Chapel last Wed¬nesday. Mr. Eigenschenck, of theAmerican Conservatory of Music, Chi¬cago, and organist at Loras College,Dubuque, Iowa, played a shqrt pro¬gram of some works by Handel andBach.Handel was represented by the Al¬legro from his G Minor Organ Con¬certo. This concerto, usually heardwith the orchestral accompaniment asprescribed by the composer, providesthe performer with many, or shall I*say, too many, opportunities to dis¬play the dexterity of his fingers. Dur¬ing this selection could be heard fainttraces of the organist’s lack of pre¬cision, a weakness which in the Bachnumbers was going to prove his down¬fall. This inexactness, which soundedlike a battle between right hand andleft, could be contributed to the factthat the small audience attending therecital could not, physically speaking,absorb the excessive reverberationsfrom such an instrument as a Skinnerorgan in such a building as Rocke¬feller Chapel.Also programmed were three selec¬tions from Bach vocal works as tran¬scribed by Harvey Grace: Jesu, Joyof Maw’s Desiring; Air, Bist du beiMir; and Song Tune from the Peas¬ant Cantata. The Air, written for hiswife, Anna Magdalena, was playedwith all the delicacy and tender sen¬timent tht its simple beauty required.These three short works provided thecalm before the storm of the lastnumber, the great Bach Fantasia andFugue in G Minor. The program notesstated that “the fantasia is a colos¬sal structure”, but never before canthis reviewer remember having heardi more meaningless jumble of notes.Program notes also stated that “thefugue is vivid and forceful through¬out”, but it was an unusual occur¬rence when the counter-subject couldbe discerned. those of Franz than of Faure orChausson.)The concluding group on the pro¬gram opened with Scott’s Unforeseen,which is charming music, reminiscentof Delius and built along the samelines as some of the Delian songs. Itdoes demonstrate, however, that noneof the imitators of Delius’ latter dayimpressionism has managed to hit up¬on a successful turn that would savethem from sounding trite or openlyimitative.Schubert’s Der Leiermann showeda peculiar lack of control on Mrs.Morgan’s part, which fortunately dis¬appeared later in the evening. I re¬gret to record that the singing of Des-demona’s Ave Maria from Verdi’sOtello was entirely undistinguishedand devoid of both expresison andfeeling.The program closed with the sing¬ing of an Indian song by Lehmer asan encore.Round Table . . .(Continued from page 1)Participating with Mr. Cheme inthis discussion of “Small Businessafter the War” were William Benton,Vice President of the University ofChicago, and Maury Maverick, Direc¬tor of the Smaller War Plants Cor¬porations.WILLIAM B. BENTONBenton emphasized the importanceof small business in maintaining highlevels of employment after the war,since 45 per cent of the workers wereemployed by small business duringnormal #times. He further declaredthat small business provides the op¬portunity for persons to breakthrough the social and economic classsystem and rise from the very bottomto the top.In discussing a program for thebetterment of small business. Maver¬ick declared, “We must ask ourselvesthese questions and then provide theanswers: Can the small enterpriserget a quick settlement on the termi¬nation of his government contracts?Is he going to get a crack at govern¬ment surplus property? Will he beable to resume civilian activities ?How can he get money to go into bus¬iness? Will he be taxed to death?Can he move into new fields and getadequate technical advice? Will hebe provided with the patents that heneeds?”Next Sunday the Round Table willdiscuss the foreign and domestic is¬sues which will be brought up at theRepublican party convention. AlfredM. Landon, former presidential candi¬date, will be one speaker, along withSenator Joseph H. Ball of Minnesotaand Harold D. Lasswell, Director ofthe War Communications Project, Li¬brary of Congress, and formerly ofthe University of Chicago Departmentof Political Science./Page FourReviewer Blames Students,Faculty for Poor LiteraryQuality of 'Carillon' MagazineIt is a wide variety of thoughtwhich has been pressed into Carillon,the literary quarterly of the College.Boiled down to a formula, it consistsin Farellism, Escape and Protest. Butformulae are rarely successful indi¬cations, so let us examine it moreclosely.David Smother's Pray For Me isan example of the return of the Prod¬igal’s Ghost in a very white sheet.In reading it we cannot but feel aFarrell in short pants is scrawlingthe hesitant phrases. Farrell hasnever risen above the belief that hediscovered Sex the same day he foundthere was no God. Smothers seemsto have found God and Sex on thesame day but in such an octupine, ro¬mantic position it is difficult to tellwhere one begins and the other ends.Train Ride by Lenore Isan is still inthe romantic vein but is saved by thepersonal feeling which she has pouredinto it. Her description of the smallnorthern towns at night is excitingas well as credible.Judy Down’s This Thing CalledJazz has more poetry than anythingelse in the magazine. Her phrases inthe sketch swing with the swaggerof the king of a New Orleans parade.The approach is easy and light with¬out the zeal of a faddist crusader. Iam afraid there is something person¬al behind Charles Einstein’s TheBlackmailers. Althought it may havebeen prompted by fact, the story doesnot seem credible and the characters(if they bleed at all) bleed printers’ink.Fred Gottesman seems to have hadsomething when he started The Capand the Candle but he either lost itor tired of it before he reached thehalf way point. The characters havemore than the simple dimension andthe detail of the first half is pleasingas well as convincing. However, hehastens through the last half and de¬stroys much of the effect.Theodore Kay’s attempt at Farrel-lian social consciousness suffers fromheavy handedness and does not re¬solve itself into much more than asmug half-statement. G.G.’s attemptto capture the attraction and repul¬sion of a metropolis is an interestingaccount. However, it is questionablewhether mere impressionism unre¬solved is important enough to ratethis much space.Pink Powder by Thomas Day is aromantic but well controlled story.He has added much to the Orientalsetting by his precision of languageand detail, whibh make the story cred¬ible as well as worth reading.The poetry reflects the completeanarchism which many have read in-TERESA DOLANDANCING SCHOOL1208 E. 63rd Sf. (Near Woodlawn Av.)Private lessons $1.50—12 N-l I P.M. dailyLady or Gentleman Instructor*Telephone Hyde Park 3080e Here’s an equation to be rememrbered I A smart girl with a collegeeducation raised to Gibbs powerequals a position of Promise, Promi¬nence, and Permanence. Proof: dur¬ing the past year 0716 calls for Gibbssecretaries I Special courses for ccri-lege women b%ln July 10 and Seilt.26. Address (Allege Course Dean.I^alharine QibbsI NEW YORK 17 . 230 Park Am IBOSTON 16 ,90 Mariboraush St. ICHICAOO 11 .. 720 North MIohisan Am IPnOViOCNCC 6 166 Ansoll St. I to the doctrines of the writers of thetwenties. So many clumsy, prosy orcute saying prevail it would seemthe writers were taught from thepsuedo-verse ads that glut the pagesof Mademoiselle. With the exceptionof two poems by Bernard Suits andEpsey Voulis, there is little that mer¬its a second reading. June Meyersand Constance Lafoon have thethought but have written it plainlyso it exists as mere truth without theovertone of poetry. In juxtapositionto them is Arlen Brown whose work(especially the obviously unstill StillLife) is filled with a chaos of Freud¬ian Symbols with which the IvoryTowerists paper windows facing thewar.The art is more than adequate.Katherine Gonso’s cover seems goodto the eye and Bill Robert’s illustra¬tions do more than justice to the sto¬ries.It is unfortunate but necessary totake such a sharp critical opinion ofthis issue. Carillon should be a betterexample of the school’s literary pro¬duction. The fault does not lie withthe editors June Myers and Lai-NgauWong. The fault lies with the stu¬dents and the faculty.It lies here since the faculty doesnot push the drive for contributionsand the students do not respond. Thestories which were submitted were ac¬cepted and others which had run thegauntlet of rejection slips from theslicks to the pulps were begged fromthe dusty files of their authors. Al¬though there are many students whohave done critical writing, it is in¬teresting to note that with the ex¬ception of the book reviews there isno article in the magazine. None ofthe winners of the Fiske award arerepresented in the poetry section.Much of the fiction is old or hastilywritten. But there was an effort bya few, an effort, which if taken up bythe whole university would rewardthe editors for the effort they haveexpended in trying to keep a literarymagazine on campus.—J.S.H.Workshop OpensSix Week Term forSummer QuarterWith an enrollment composed large¬ly of teachers from schools all overthe United States, the University ofChicago’s Educational Workshopopened its six week summer termlast Tuesday. The Workshop has asits main objective, the presentationof new ideas and themes in the fieldof modern education as well as thesolution of specific teaching problemsintroduced by the students.The course is divided into four sec¬tions; Human Development directedby Mr. Havighurst, Elementary Edu¬cation directed by Mr. Hartung, Sec¬ondary Education directed by MrHarrick, and Inter-American Educa¬tion under the direction of Miss Ra¬chel Salisbury. The last section is be¬ing presented in co-operation with theCoordinator' of Inter-American Af¬fairs, Washington, D.C. Mrs. ConnieCarca Brockette, from the educationaldivision of this office, struck the key¬note for the term with her lecture,“A General Picture of Inter-AmericanRelations,” given last Tuesday.Food as You Like ItNO WAITINGWoodlawn Dining Hall5757 WOODLAWN AVENUE THE CHICAGO MAROONRobert D. LeighAssumes Post InPolitical SciencePresident Hutchins recently an¬nounced the appointment of Robert D.Leigh, former president and founderof Bennington College, as VisitingProfessor of Political Science at theUniversity. In addition to his dutieson the faculty of the University, hewill be director of the Commission ofInquiry on Freedom of the Press ofwhich Mr. Hutchins is chairman.Mr. Leigh’s previous experiencemakes him well fitted for theposition, for he has held promi¬nent positions' on the faculties of Co¬lumbia University, Reed College, Wil¬liams College and Bard College, An-nandale-on-Hudson, N. Y.To assume his post on the Commis¬sion of Inquiry, Mr. Leigh is givingup his position as Director of theForeign Broadcast Intelligence Serv¬ice of the Federal CommunicationsCommission. The Commission of In¬quiry was set up by and is receivingfinancial backing from Time, Inc. Itspurpose is to carry on a two-year in¬vestigation of the nature, function, du¬ties, and responsibilities of the pressin America — including radio, thenewspaper, and the documentary film.Thurstone DeclaresSingle IntelligenceIndex InadequateLouis L. Thurstone, DistinguishedService Professor of Psychology, toldthe Citizens Board of the Universityof Chicago that “The general use ofa single index of intelligence such asthe intelligence quotient should bediscontinued because of its logical in¬consistencies.”The “I.Q.” test alone, he explained,does not distinguish between differ¬ent mental endowments. The generalmental ability conceals many funda¬mental differences which teachers andemployers need to guide their studentsor personnel.Therefore, he continued, it has beenfound necessary to supplement thistest with other indices of special abil¬ities. Among these are tests which de¬termine verbal comprehension, verbalfluency, number facility, memory,space thinking, perceptual speed, rea¬soning ability and speed of judgment.“In counselling young people abouttheir vocational choice, we should becareful not to insist on sending theminto vocations in which they would bemost typical,” he declared. “Manymen are successful in their profes¬sions simply because they are not typ¬ical. The law student with technicalabilities might excel in patent law,for example. We should have an ex¬plicit polciy of encouraging a widevariety of mental types in each pro¬fession so as to insure competent tal¬ent to deal with the thousands ofproblems that overlap several profes¬sions or sciences. The same principleholds for some of the skilled trades.“This work of testing is not onlyconsistent with the scientific objectof identifying the distinguishablemental functions, but it also seemsto be consistent with the desire todifferentiate our treatment of peopleby recognizing every person in‘termsof the mental and physical assetswhich make him unique as an individ¬ual,” Mr. Thurstone concluded.Freshmen:If you are interested in obtain¬ing information about campus fra¬ternities, you are cordially invitedto attend a meeting sponsored bythe Inter-Fratemity Council inIda Noyes Library, Monday after¬noon at 4 o’clock. Guidance ProblemsSubject of DiscussionGuidancep r o b 1 emsg rowingout of thewar weredisc ussedyester dayin BelfieldHall in aone dayc o nferencefor person-n e1 andg u i d a neeA. J. BRUMBAUGH workers inschools and colleges. Robert C. Woell-ner. Director of the Board of Voca¬tional Guidance and Placement, pre¬sided.The first session, in the afternoon,consisted of a discussion of the prob¬lems as observed by educational insti¬tutions at various levels. Presidingwas Ethel Kawin, Director of Guid¬ance, Glencoe, Illinois. Olga Adams,Director of Senior Kindergarten atthe University of Chicago LaboratorySchools, represented preschool andkindergarten levels; James E. Pease,Superintendent of Schools, La Grange,Illinois, discussed the problems aris¬ing in elementary schools; Lester J.Schloerb of the Chicago Board of Ed¬ucation represented secondary schools;while A. J. Brumbaugh, Dean of Stu¬dents at the University of Chicago,discussed guidance and personnelproblems in higher institutions.With Mr. Woellner as Chairman ofthe evening session, representativesof the University of Chicago Commit¬tee on Training of Counselors for the IReconversion Period discussed thetraining of counselors. The panel con¬sisted of Mr. Brumbaugh; Forrest A.Kingsbury of the Department of Psy¬chology; Raleigh W. Stone, School ofBusiness; and Ralph W. Tyler, De¬partment of Education. Wright SubstitutesFor R. S. PlattDr. John Wright, distinguished ge¬ographer, will be on campus for twoweeks this quarter to aid in the teach¬ing of the political geography classesregularly conducted by Professor R.S. Platt, who is on leave of absence.Professor Platt has left theUniversity for the summer to serveas Curator of the Map Division ofthe Library of Congress during thetemporary absence of Colonel Law¬rence Martin, the regular Curator.He will return in August to conducta field course in the geography ofthe Upper Lakes Region, which drawsstudents from many parts of thecountry.Professor Charles Colby, Chairmanof the Department of Geography, willalso conduct some of Professor Platt’sclasses.Dr. Wright, noted author, edi¬tor, and lecturer, has been direc¬tor since 1938 of the American Geo¬graphical Society, famous for finan¬cing the Peary Expedition to theNorth Pole. He received his A.B. fromHarvard in 1913; then the first WorldWar interrupted his work, and heserved with the history section gener¬al headquarters in France. Upon hisreturn from France, he went back toHarvard, receiving his Ph.D. in 1922.He was librarian for the AmericanGeographical Society from 1920 to1937. During this time he wrote Aidsto Geographical Research, The Geo¬graphical Lore of the Time of theCrusades, and The Geographical Ba¬sis of European History. He also ed¬ited Oriental Explorations and Stud¬ies, Atlas of the HistoHcxil Geographyof the United States, and New Eng¬land's Prospects.Professor Wellington D. Jones ofthe Geography Department left cam¬pus this week to spend the summerin a study of natural land types andsoils along the eastern flank of theWind River Mountains of Wyoming.MEET OLD FRIENDSII AND MAKE NEW ONESat theUNIVERSITY BOOKSTOREiSouvenirs and gifts for all occasionsTEXT BOOKS for ALL COURSESWIDE VARIETY of GENERAL BOOKSIComplete Line of Stationery SuppliesPOST OFFICE RENTAL LIBRARYATHLETIC EQUIPMENTSOFT DRINKS SANDWICHESTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOK STORE* 5802 Ellis Avenue