THE CHICAGO MAROONVol. 3, No. 25 Z-149 Friday, April 7, 1944 Price Fire CentsAnother Chicago ProfessorVisits University Of Puerto RicoEarl S. Johnson, Assistant Profes¬sor of Social Sciences, is takinj? thisquarter off from the University ofChicago to help with the Universityof Puerto Rico reconstruction pro¬gram. Leaving here March 24, he hasalready arrived on the island and be¬come acquainted with the generallay-out, dining with Chancellor JaimeBenitez and government officials.Professors Already in Puerto RicoJohnson is the fourth University ofChicago faculty-member to go to theUniversity of Puerto Rico within thecurrent school year. Max Rheinstein,Max Pam Professor of ComparativeLaw, left here the last day of Augustand is still there, teaching law. G. A.Borgese, Professor of Italian Litera¬ture, left here two days later andstayed there for one quarter, teachingundergraduate courses in the historyof political science from Plato to Mac-chiavelli, comparative European gov¬ernment with emphasis on the riseof fascism and Nazism, and Dante’spolitical theory. Miss Lydia Robbertsof the Home Economics Departmenthas been at the University of PuertoRico several times in an advisory ca¬pacity.Their “University Reform” PlansMr. Johnson will be helping in thearrangement and adaptation of thecollege survey courses. University ofChicago plan, to Puerto Rican needs.Four survey courses have alreadybeen set up—Social Sciences, Biologi¬cal Sciences, Physical Sciences, andHumanities. The ultimate aim of theUniversity of Puerto Rico is to reor¬ganize itself on the college and fourdivisions basis. To do this, it is invit¬ing professors from various universi¬ties in the United States and certainSouth American countries to serve inone or both of two functions. Thefirst is the actual rearrangement ofcurriculum in the undergraduate yearsand the reorganization of the univer¬sity on the Chicago plan. The other isstraight teaching. It was in this lastposition that Drs. Borgese and Rhein¬stein served.Benitez—Chicago AlumnusJaime Benitez, Chancellor of theUniversity of Puerto Rico, is a U. ofC. alumnus, having received his in 1939, an ardent admirer ofPresident Hutchins, and a very ener¬getic man. His purpose in rehabilitat¬ing his university is to make PuertoRico the home of free and intelligentthought, and to accomplish this hewants to increase the amount of edu-(Continued on page seven) College Bulletin MergesWith Maroon; Same StaffWill Cover College NewsMerger of The College Bulletin andThe Chicago Maroon was announcedtoday by G. Richard Schreiber, Direc¬tor of Student Publications, signallinga new advance in the program forunifying the College.Published weekly until the WinterQuarter, when 'it suspended opera¬tions, the Bulletin was staffed by andwritten for students in the first twoyears of the College. Supported by theCollege on a weekly allowance of tendollars, the Bulletin appeared as afour- ^or eight-page mimeographedpaper.Under the new publication set-up,The Chicago Maroon will absorb theremaining Bulletin staff members andwill take over the territory formerlycovered by the College paper, givingnews from the junior division of theCollege prominence appropriate to itsnews value.Hutchins AnnouncesReceipt Of $150,000For Education FundPresident Robert M. Hutchins yes¬terday disclosed receipt of $150,000from anonymous donors. This is theUniversity’s most recent financialgift. As to the purpose for which itwas donated, this initial sum and allfuture additions to it will be admin¬istered by the Educational Fund, Inc.,a non-profit corporation organized un¬der the laws of the State of Illinois,set up to handle funds to be used forthe advancement of educational pro¬jects.As president of the corporation andas one of its three directors, Mr. Hut¬chins may direct the funds to anyorganization or institution which willbe sponsoring educational projects.Universities, colleges, adult educationgroups, and other organizations willbe eligible for grants of aid fromthe corporation.The other two directors of the cor¬poration have not yet been appointed,but the President’s office will an¬nounce them in the near future. j Poet Robert Frost ^\ To Speak On Ideals! In Mandel HallSponsored by the William VaughnMoody Foundation, Robert Frost, re¬nowned American poet, will speak inMandel Hall, Wednesday, April 12,at 8:30 p.m. on “Ideals: Their Placeand Their Keeper”.Four-time Pulitzer Prize winner(1924, ’31, ’37, ’43), Frost is probablythe most appreciated poet in Americatoday. Since his birth in 1875, he hasspent most of his life in New Eng¬land. After completing college workat Dartmouth and Harvard in 1899,he became a New Hampshire farmer.From 1905-12 he took a teaching po¬sition in addition to his farmwork.He then went to England where hemade many friends in literary circles,coming back to be a Professor of' English at Amherst.In later years .he has been poet-in¬residence in a number of Americancolleges, becoming popular with stu¬dent groups.His unconventional college relation¬ships—in particular his methods ofinstruction and marking—have fre¬quently proved perplexing to deans.It is said that at Amherst one Junehis entire class received “B”; it wasstrongly doubted that Frost, whocared little for routine, had even readthe examination papers.“Robert Frost’s minute particularsrun out into great universals” saysone critic—some small detail is oftendeveloped into significance. He char¬acteristically writes about the lifehe knows best, aspects of nature and’of the life of the farmer.Like his poetry, Frost himself isunaffected. His appearance is that ofa New Hampshire farmer—big andsturdy. He is perfectly natural ardsimple; his humor is salty. His lec¬tures are informal and entertaining—especially to people acquainted withNew England. His gift of speaking,say those who have heard him, isalmost as great as his poetry.Don’t MissSmedley MeetsDewey Snodgrass(Page Two) Aired In Letter ExchangeBetween President Hutchins,Senate Committee Of SixPRESIDENT ROBERT M.HUTCHINSCarlson, Baer, AppelTo Serve As JudgesIn Maroon ContestThree more individuals have offeredto serve in the capacity of judge inThe Chicago Maroon*s motto contest,bringing the final total of judges tosix. In addition to the three mentionedlast week, the judiciary bench willalso seat Dr. Anton J. Carlson, ArthurBaer, and Vallee Appel.Dr. Carlson is the Frank P. HixonDistinguished Service Professor Em¬eritus of Physiology, known to under¬graduates for his physiology lecturesin the winter quarter of the Intro¬ductory Course in Biological Sciencesand to the science world for his out¬standing research and contributions toknowledge.Arthur Baer is President of theBeverly State Bank, as well as aprominent University of Chicagoalumnus. Vallee Appel is President ofthe Association.Among the judges announced lastweek are Dr. Mortimer J. Adler, Mr.Howard Vincent O’Brien, and Dr.Joseph J. Schwab. In summary, theboard of judges comprises three prom¬inent alumni, and three well-knownprofessors.With May 15 approaching, thereare little over five weeks yet remain¬ing for contestants to devise and sub¬mit new mottoes. The fifty-word essayas to the relevancy of each motto pro¬posed is an essential accompanimentto each entry. With the consent of the President,the following exchange of letters onthe state of the University is sent toyou, for your information, by the sixmembers of the Senate who initiatedthe correspondence.IFebruary 28, 1944President R. M. HutchinsFaculty ExchangeDear Mr. President:In conversations with many mem¬bers of the faculty of all divisionsand ranks during the past few weeks,we have become aware of a deep andwidespread feeling of alarm concern¬ing the present anid future course ofaffairs in the University. We are re¬luctant to believe that the fears ofour colleagues, which we ourselvesshare, are altogether warranted bythe facts. We should be grateful toyou, therefore, if you could give usreassurances with respect to a num¬ber of questions raised in our mindsboth by recent events (particularlythe institution of the new type of con¬tract and the discussion about rank)and by certain passages in your speechof January 12 at the Trustee-FacultyDinner. We hope you will regard whatfollows merely as a convenient indi¬cation of the principal points on whichwe should greatly welcome a clarifi-,cation of your views and intentions.Hutchins Heralds RevolutionToward the close of your speech ofJanuary 12 you state that “the pur¬pose of the University is nothing lessthan to procure a moral, intellectual,and spiritual revolution throughoutthe world” and you refer later to “thecrusade to which we are called” and“the revolution that must come ifmen are to live together in peace,” arevolution which you say must involvea reversal of the whole scale of valuesby which our society lives. We, incommon with many other members ofthe University, are troubled by thesewords, as well as by the related dis¬cussion of the motto, because theyseem to us to imply^ in their context,a conception) of the nature and endsof the University which conflicts bas¬ically with the function—which hasbeen the condition of our existenceand progress — of advancing knowl¬edge by freely determined researchand teaching.Chicago’s Intellectual CrusadeWe cannot see how the Universitycould become an effective instrument,as a University, of the revolutionarycrusade to which you call us except(Continued on page six)THE CHICAGO MAROONJohn HarmonSmedley and GeorgeSmedley Meets Dewey SnodgrassPage TwoComposers’ ConcertTo Feature WorksBy Three AmericansNext Friday evening in MandelHall, at 8, the fourth and last of theDepartment of Music’s Composers’Concerts will take place, consistingentirely of the music of Americancomposers. Remi Gasman, director ofthe Composers’ Concerts, will be rep¬resented by his Sonata for ’Cello andPiano, in which he will be assisted byEdmund Kurtz, first cellist of the Chi¬cago Symphony Orchestra. Also to beperformed is his “Three Love Lyricsfrom Whitman,” for soprano andchamber orchestra. Miss Janet Fair-bank, well known Chicago ^sopranoand member of the local opera com¬pany, will be accompanied in thiswork by the University ChamberOrchestra, under the direction ofHans Lange.Aaron Copland, eminent Americancomposer, will play his Piano Son¬ata; and the Chamber Orchestra willplay his “Music for Movies”, which isa suite of pieces drawn from the mu¬sic which Mr. Copland wrote for suchfilms as “Our Town,” “Of Mice andMen,” and “The City.”Virgil Thomson, music editor of theNew York Herald Tribune, will berepresented by his “Stabat Mater,”for soprano and strings, in which MissFairbanks will again be soloist; andhis Sonata da Chiesa for five instru¬ments: clarinet, horn, trumpet, violin,and trombone—to be performed byfive members of the Chicago Sym¬phony, under the direction of Mr.Lange.The concert on Friday evening isto be prefaced by a lecture on Tues¬day, at 8:30, in Mandel Hall, by Mr.Copland on “Music For Films,” to begiven under the auspices of the De¬partment of Music. Tickets for thelecture (admission free) and for theconcert may be had at the InformationDesk.* * itSunday’s performance of the Shos¬takovich Eighth Symphony repre¬sented sixty-four minutes and twentyseconds of largely wasted effort. Theonly redeeming feature was the marchsection in the third movement, fromwhich the composer could extract him¬self only by his usual device of a de¬scending chromatic scale. This, plusascending chromatic scales, constitutesalmost all of Shostavitch’s concessionto the traditional ideas of developmentof the symphony. Cecil Smith DecrysDemocratization OfModern SymphoniesSpeaking before a group in theHome Room at International House,last Sunday, on “Present Trends InModem Music,” Cecil Smith of theDepartment of Music stressed thatthe present generation is more con¬cerned with music and more interest¬ed in it. “Unfortunately,” he said,“Democratization of music has beenattended by too frequent performanceof standard works which are therebydebased.” Symphony orchestras whichwere formerly the centers of musicalculture have become media of enter¬tainment. Nothing good is to be ex¬pected any longer from symphonyorchestras, only something entertain¬ing.The result will “be a cleavage inaudiences between the many who willgo to symphony performances andthe discreet few who will attendchamber music . . . Symphony orch¬estras’ audiences twenty-five yearsago were people of discretion andtaste: these people must go some¬where: they will seek chamber music.”In the question period which fol¬lowed, the question was raised,“Where will one of the select fewgo to hear a good performance of theBeethoven Ninth when the degeneracyof the orchestra has become com¬plete?”Carillon Cries For Copy,Contributors Are NeededThe next issue of Carillon will ap¬pear about the first of June. Contri¬butions should be brought to the Car¬illon office, Lexington 15a or left incare of the College office in Cobb be¬fore May first. Contributions may in¬clude fiction, poetry, or criticism, andshould be handed in typed, doublespaced. Anyone interested in workingon the editorial, art, or business stafffor this issue should attend a meet¬ing in the Carillon office, Monday,April 10, between three and five. Fu¬ture contributors are also invited.A follow-up on last week’s remarksabout the sloppy way mail orders forthe Metropolitan were handled: Sun¬day’s papers carried belated explana¬tions, which weren’t too convincing.Corrections of mail-order mistakeshave been arriving on the stationeryof the Chicago Opera Company, show¬ing how closely involved that organi¬zation was in the debacle.—W. W. (The Adventures of Smedley arepurely a product of the author’s imag¬ination and do not necessarily reflectthe editorial policy of the ChicagoMaroon nor refer to actual persons.)“My,” said Smedley, “those are nicecurtains on the window. It looks morelike my sweet old grandmother’s cot¬tage than a school.”Although George the goat didn’tsay anything in return, Smedley no¬ticed his right eye gleamed a littlemore than usual. Just then a little fatboy with uncombed blond hair openedthe door and extended a pudgy hand.“W e 1 c o m e to the ProgressiveSchool,” he said. “I’m Dewey Snod¬grass.”“Glad to meet you. I’m Smedley.“And this is George,” he added as hebegan to tie his faithful goat to thedoorknob.“What are you doing that for?”asked Dewey.“Well,” answered Smedley, “if Marycouldn’t bring her lamb to school, theycertainly wouldn’t let me bring agoat.”“Oh, that’s where you’re wrong,”said Dewey. “You see, animals devel¬op the child’s personality. You cancertainly bring George in, but keephim out of the reach of Mildred’s petpanther.”With this, Smedley got on the goatagain and the three hurried down thecorridor. They stopped in front of adoor which was decorated with gailycolored students’ paintings.“This is the work of the worst stu¬dents,” explained Dewey. “We don’tshow the best bfecause those peopleknow they’re good. We want to givethe bad ones confidence. And it works.Some of the best primitives in thecountry had their start on this verydoor.”When they went in, Smedley no¬ticed the teacher giving the studentsmedicine. He turned to Dewey for anexplanation.“Oh no, this isn’t a hygiene class,”explained Dewey. “It’s arithmetic.”Smedley admitted this was thestrangest arithmetic he had ever seen.The teacher just gave the pupils aspoonful of a dark liquid from a largebrown bottle marked “Table of Thir-teens.” Smedley watched Dewey as hewent to take his dose.“It would be funny if he took toomuch,” thought Smedley. (He'iaterlearned that one little boy had gradu¬ated in two days after he entered thefirst grade because he drained all thebottles when the teacher wasn’t look¬ing).Phone Midway 7447We Call and DeliverMAX BROOKUNIFORM REPAIRING ANDCLEANING EXPERTLY DONETAILOR and CLEANER1013 East 61st Street Smedley noticed the room had di¬vided into two groups. He asked thereason for this.“That,” explained Dewey, “is agame.” As each of the groups beganto hurl dusty, calf-bound books atthe other, he explained further, “It’scalled ‘Ducking-the-Classics’. If youget hit with one of those heavy booksyou’re out. Hardly anyone ever doesget hit with one of them. If they do,they leave school out of shame. It’sonly when we play ‘Ducking-the-Di-gests’ that some of them get clipped.I think it’s because it’s easier to aimthe little books.”After the battle had ended in hope¬less deadlock, Dewey led Smedley toa large acetylene tank complete withtorch.“What are you doing that for?”asked Smedley as Dewey lighted thetorch and moved toward the radiator.“Well,” explained Dewey, “I’m go¬ing to be a welder when I grow upand I have to learn now.” r“But can’t you get that knowledgeout of bottles?” asked Smedley.“Oh no,” answered Dewey. “Thisis a work of practical science andmust be learned by doing. And itllpay off, too. There’s lots of money inwelding.”Dewey became so interested in theexplanation that he let the torch fol¬low his gestures. The curtain shot upin a blaze. Smedley (not used to theexigencies of modern education) be¬came alarmed and shouted to theteacher who awakened and led the pu¬pils to the street where they waitedfor the fire engines.“Do you see what I mean?” saidDewey. “I had to learn this in aschool. They’d fire me if I ever did athing like this in a factory.”“They certainly would,” said Smed¬ley.(Next week: Smedley Visits theGirls’ Dormitory.)smmmmmmmmmsimmmmmmifmmmmmmmmmmkRegistrationFor Spring CompsCloses April IS(Register At Cobb Rm. 100)Motto Contest Rules1. Mottoes submitted may be an original or a selected quotation which is notcopyrighted or generally used by any other person or organization. Ifa quotation is submitted the source of the quotation should be given.2. There is no limit to the number of entries an individual may submit. Allentries, statements, and ideas therein expressed, become the propertyof THE CHICAGO MAROON. No entries will be returned,3. Each entry must be accompanied by a brief statement of not more thanfifty (50) words giving the reason or reasons why the contestant believesthe motio submitted is appropriate, which statement will be consideredin making the award.4. Students, faculty, alumni, and the general public alike are eligible tocompete for the prize awards.5. The judges’ deoision will be final.6. 'This contest is being conducted by THE CHICAGO MAROON and notby 'The University of Chicago, and the University is in no wise obligatedto adopt any motto selected by the judges but may accept or reject inwhole or in part any motto submitted.7. Print your name and address on all entries and mail to the ContestEklitor, THE CHICAGO BIAROON, University of Chicago, Chicago,Illinois. Entries must be postmarked not later than midnight. May 15,1944. Winners will be announced before the end of the spring quarter. GET INTHE MOODFor Robert Frost’s Lecture April 12With These BooksA WITNESS TREE - Robert FrostTenderness, brilliance, wisdom are contained in these lyricsby Robert Frost ! $2.03COLLECTED POEMS OF ROBERT FROSTThe Works of America's leading poet up through 1939 $5.07 & $2.01AMERICAN HARVEST .The Best of America's writing for the last 20 years $2.01AN ACT OF LIFE > Theodore SpenceA group of musical and unsual lyrics written with fine humaninsight $2.03THIS IS MY BEST93 of America's best authors say “This is my best", and givetheir reason why $2.01GORCIA LORCA - Edwin HonigSpain's great moden poet is “Studied" by this able author $1.52YALE REVIEW ANTHOLOGYA collection of articles and short stories to represent a literarygeneration of Yale Review $2.81THE SEVEN SLEEPERS - Mark Van DorenThe latest collection of beautiful and moving lyrics by MarkVan Doren.Have you seen the “New Directions" pamphlets. Included in these aresuch poets as George Barker, Daylan Thomas and Yvar Winter. ClothBound, $1.00, Paper Bound, $.50.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOK STORE5802 Ellis AvenueMental Rehabilitation MethodsPresented In Film SponsoredBy Documentary Film GroupPsychiatry in Action, a document ofthe British Ministry of Information,and The Nervous System were the twofilms shown by the Documentary FilmGroup last Tuesday for the “realisticstudy • of our era via non-fictionfilms”. Psychiatry in Action portray¬ed the various methods of rehabilita¬tion for shell shock victims, both civil¬ians and servicemen. The film wasmade in a British hospital, a con¬verted schoolhouse, where the latestmethods of occupational therapy arepracticed.The second film, The Nervous Sys¬tem, was made in the laboratories ofPavlov where experiments concern¬ing conditioned responses and animalbehavior are being conducted. Meth¬ods of studying animal reactions tosuch stimuli as food and light wererecorded.Round Table ReviewsRussia-Poland FightThe bitter boundary dispute be¬tween Poland and Russia may even¬tually tear the United Nations asun¬der. So declared Louis Gottschalk,Professor History at the Universityof Chicago, on last Sunday’s RoundTable discussion of “The Russian-Polish Dispute.” The two other speak¬ers, William Henry Chamberlain,prominent author and writer on Rus¬sia, and Sidney B. Fay, Professor ofHistory at Harvard University, agreedon the importance of the problem.Chamberlain declared that much ofthe fault lies with Russia for breakingtreaties and agreements with the Po¬lish government, and also for demand¬ing territory contrary to the doc¬trines of the Atlantic Charter.But according to Gottschalk, “Wemust not waste too many tears overthe poor Poles, for the former Po¬lish government was also guilty ofaggressions in the period of 1934-36.”It was agreed by the speakejfs thatwe, the United States and Britain,should try to remedy the situation bybringing our full pressure to bearonly after we are definitely estab¬lished militarily in Europe, in otherwords, after we have opened the sec¬ond front.Chapel Union DiscussesThe Problems Of EthicsFor the second time this year.Chapel Union sponsored a discussionlast Sunday by Professor BernardLoomer, Dean of Students in the Di¬vinity School. The question posed byhis subject, “What is the Problem ofEthics?” he answered in two ways.The first problem of ethics, he said,is to decide between right and wrong—to establish criteria for judgmentof values.The second problem of ethics, statedProfessor Loomer, is to give us aconception of freedom such that free¬dom and coercion can be found to becompatible. John Steinbeck’s Forgotten Vill¬age, and Loranz’s The Plough ThatBroke the Plains, will be the docu¬mentary films for Tuesday, April 18.The fiction film for nevt week, April11, is a French movie with cap¬tions in English titled Un CarnetDu Bal. All the films are shown inSocial Science 122 at 7:00 and 8:30p.m. Admission charge is thirty-fivecents.University CollegeAnnounces A NewSeries Of LecturesA new lecture and lecture-confer¬ence series opened on April 5 at theUniversity College. The three lectureseries are being held at the Art In¬stitute.The first, a series of ten givenby Sundar Joshi, lecturer in Compar¬ative Religion, began on Wednesday,April 5 at 6:45 p.m. The title waswas “Architects of Destiny: PostwarPlans.”Beginning April 7 at 6:45 p.m.,“Peoples and Customs of the Pacific”will be discussed by Fay Cooper Cole,Chairman of the Department of An¬thropology and Wilfred D. Hambly,Curator of African Ethnology, Chi¬cago Natural History Museum. Thefirst half of their six lectures will begiven by Professor Cole.“German Philosophy and GermanPolitics” will be treated by FritzMarti, Visiting Professor of Philos¬ophy in the College, beginning onApril 11, also at 6:45 p.m., in a se¬quence of five lectures.The lecture-conferences begin todayand will be held each Friday at 8 the University College 18 SouthMichigan. The main topic will be:“Teachers and Parents: Their JointProblems.” There will be ten sessions,all of which will be presented by MaryElizabeth Keister of the Departmentof Education.Political Theory ViewedBy Professor MerriamThat broadened conception of billsof rights should now embrace worldfreedoms is suggested by Charles E.Merriam, Professor Emeritus of Po¬litical Science. “Millions of men andwomen the world over are hoping andstruggling for a new birth of rightsin their lives; for freedom from fearand want; for a lasting end of warand unemployment.”In his initial spring Walgreen lec¬ture on “Old and New In AmericanPolitical Theory,” given last Mondayafternoon, Professor Merriam madereference to charters of freedom ofthe 18th, middle 19th, and 20th cen¬turies, from historical to contempor¬ary declarations of freedom.“Bill of rights are fighting wordshurled at bills of wrongs.” Bills ofrights must be the indispensables oflife for succeeding generations, withresponsibility added as a counterpartto rights. —• THE CHICAGO MAROONFight Inflation WithIncreased Taxes AndRationing: H.S. Bloch“Only by a vigorous system of stifftaxation and forced savings combinedwith strong price control and ration¬ing can we fight inflation,” declaredDr. Henry Simon Bloch, Instructor ofEconomics, at an address Fridaysponsored by Pi Lambda Theta andPhi Delta Kappa in the GraduateEducation Commons Rooms.During the course of his talk onthe “Problems of Inflation” Dr. Blochrecommended that higher taxes spe¬cifically pointing to the personal in¬come tax, combined with forced sav¬ing, should be put into effect to with¬draw excess buying power. He saidthat privileged economic positionshould not be the justification for taxreduction, but insisted that tax waiv¬ers should be granted in case of realhardships.“Since present benefits cannot beincreased’ for our working population,future benefits, in the form of increas¬ed social security, must be granted,”continued Pr. Bloch. “If Social Secur¬ity should be made universal, thiswould justify both elimination of thepayroll tax and a corresponding in¬crease in the personal income tax.”Other federal aids discussed by Dr.Bloch included old age, unemployment,and sickness benefits with special em¬phasis on helping servicemen and lowincome people who are forced to payincreased taxes during wartime.Supernumeraries NeededFor Metropolitan OperaTwo Week EngagementThe Metropolitan Opera Company,like every other American businessenterprise from Carnegie Steel toGlutz’s bakery, needs men. Despiteits elaborate sets, colorful costumesand talented artists, the companycan’t present any of its more spec¬tacular productions without a good¬ly number of supernumeraries. Theexpansive stage of the Civic OperaHouse needs quite a few people togive the appearance of even the mostmeagre of crowds, and Carmen andAida are not their usual vivid selveswithout a seething mob.Any students interested in servinga part of one of these mobs shouldcall Mr. Jerome Mickle, Hyde Park8144, after 7:00 p.m. on weekdays orafter 2:00 p.m. on Sundays.Dean Gilkey Will SpeakAt Y.W.C.A. MeetingDean Charles W. Gilkey will speakto the newly installed Y.W.C.A. com¬mittee chairmen next Thursday in theSnack Bar about the general mean¬ing, histoi'v. unJ function of the Y.W.C.A. in relation to the University ofChicago.Reservations for the retreat, at theY.W.C.A. lodge near Glenview AirBase, must be turned in to the “Y”office by Monday, April 10. The pro¬gram for the coming year will beplanned at the outing, open to all “Y”girls, especially old and new commit¬tee members. Schools Of Law And BusinessSponsor War Contracts Talks Page ThreeBusiness men on campus will beable to participate in a three-day con¬ference on war contracts sponsoredby the University’s Schools of Lawand Business, beginning April 10, inthe theater of International House.Four sessions followed by discus¬sions will spread over the three days,opening Monday afternoon with “Re¬negotiation—the Second Year.” Wil¬ber G. Katz, Dean of the Law School,will preside, and the speakers willbe W. James Macintosh, generalcounsel, Contract Price . AdjustmentBoard; and Laird Bell, chairman.Navy Department Price AdjustmentBoard. The discussion period will bein charge of George F. James, ofthe Chicago Ordnance District.The Tuesday morning topic will be“War Contract Pricing and Repric¬ing.” Garfield V. Cox, Dean of the School of Business, will preside;speakers will be Glen A. Lloyd of theArmy Service Forces and Lt. Col.Paul F. Hannah; and discussionleader will be Edmond M. Cook, in¬dustrial attorney.Tuesday afternoon will be spent onthe problem of terminating war con¬tracts, under the guidance of WilburC. Munnecke, University of ChicagoVice-President, Lt. Col. Harold Shep¬herd and Henry W. Isham of the Chi¬cago Ordnance District will speak,and J. D. Greensward, of Allis Chal¬mers Manufacturing Company, willlead the discussion.“War Contracts and the Future ofEnterprise” will be the subject of theclosing session, presided over by Sim-eoVi E. Leland, Chairman of the De¬partment of Economics.TERESA DOUNDANCING SCHOOL'208 E. 63rd St. (Near Woodlawn Av.)Life Member of the ChicagoAssociation of Dancing Masters50c—BEGINNERS CLASSES—50cSun., Mon., Tues., Wed., Thurs.,and Sat. Evenings at 8:30Private lessons $1.50—12 N-l I P.M. dailyLady or Gentleman Instructors^Telephone Hyde Park 3080 4 MONTH INTENSIVESecretarial Course forCOLLEGE STUDENTS and GRADUATESA thorough, intensive, secretarialcqurse — starting February, July,October. Registration now open.★Regular day and evening schoolthroughout the year. Catalog.A SCHOOL OF BUSINFSSPUmSSED BY COLLEGE MEN AND WOMENTHE GREGG COLLEGEPresident, John Robert Gregg, S.C.D.Director, Paul M. Pair, M.A.I N. MtcMgaa Rta. TalaplioBt: STAts 1881 CMcaga, in.**Turn up shirt collars beforewashing them . .This fella has the right idea—it’s just his techniquethat’s a little sour. Shirt collars will last muchlonger if they are turned up before being sent tothe laundry, for then the crease around the topdoesn’t get such heavy rubbing and consequentlylasts longer before fraying.Another fine point to remember—when yonneed new shirts, whether military or civilian, buyArrow. They live up to their fine reputation forlasting wear and perfect fit. Don’t forget theSanforized label, which guarantees fabric shrink-age less than 1%.ARROWSHIRTS • TIES • HANDKERCHIEFS • UNDERWEAR • SPORT SHIRTSif BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMPS itPage Four THE CHICAGO MAROONTHE CHICAGO MAROONOfficial student publication of the University of Chicago, published every Friday during the academic quarters. Published at Lax-inirton Hall, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Telephone DORchester 7279 or MIDway 0809, Ext. 851.EDITOR: Frederick I. Gottesman BUSINESS MANAGER: Alan J. StraussMANAGING EDITOR: Janice BrogueEditorial Associates: Bill Roberts, Bill Erlandson, William Wambaugh Business Associate: Fred SulcerEditorial Assistants: Carroll Atwater, Barbara Barke, Ellen Baum, Florence Baumruk. Harmon Craig, Bamby Gulden, John Harmon, Dor¬othy Iker, Harry Kroll, Louis Levit, Nancy Lieberman, Idell Lowenst ein, Lorraine McFadden, Dania Merrill, Muriel Newman, Helen Pana-retos, Tom Salmon, Don Shields, C-smthia Sibley, Nancy Smith.Business Assistants: Floyd Landis. Ellen Myrberg, Lois SilvertrustEditorialsUniversity CultureThe University of Chicago is really a wonder¬ful place: witness all the nice things said aboutit recently in the magazines. Evidence to extendthis notion has appeared. Lectures on this cam¬pus are a remarkable institution. One goes tolectures to meet one’s friends; to attend to one’scorrespondence; to exchange the latest gossip; or,if one is feminine, to repair the ravages of theweather upon one’s face. If these diversions fail,one may always turn to the idea of getting one’sname preserved for immortality by carving it onthe desk or by trying to see how little attentionone may pay to one’s environment with less so-cially-acceptable activities.Of course, occasionally there will appear arare character, and I do mean rare, who wantsto hear what the lecturer has to say and to makenotes on his talk; he, however, "can readily bediscouraged and made to feel that his presence/is a slight upon the fair name of the University’slecture halls. Usually, sufficient chatter aboutwho got stinko last night will drive even themost persistent representative of this queerspecies from the room after about ten minutes.It really is a shame the way some people tryto degrade the high level of social civilizationwhich has been reached in our lecture halls.Free TuitionEarly this week, Nicholas Murray Butler,President of Columbia University, released anannouncement to the effect that honorably dis¬charged servicemen and women will be grantedfree tuition in all departments of the university.This is a matter v/orthy of further considerationby the University of Chicago.All sorts of considerations for verterans’ re¬habilitation and education are pending in Con¬gress, and are receiving the usual kicking aroundby the professional politicians. Unfortunately,we cannot feel too optimistic about the passageof satisfactory bills of this nature. It is morelikely that our political big-wigs will ignore pres¬idential directives regarding domestic legisla¬tion in the same fashion that they are currentlymangling post-war planning in internationalspheres.The University of Chicago has made its repu¬tation by its courageous innovations in progres¬sive liberal education. The action of Columbia isa first concrete independent step towards thesolution of this serious problem. The very leastthat our University can do is to emulate the ex¬ample set by Columbia.Already, many men and women are being dis¬charged from our armed forces, and some ofthem must be former students of the University.Provisions must be made to give these people an opportunity to complete their interrupted educa¬tions if they lack sufficient means to do so. Butmore than that, specific steps must be taken toallow other returning servicemen and women thechance to gain an education.To wait until appropriate federal legislationis passed is to wait in vain. After all the oratoryhas subsided on Capitol Hill, we will see hardlymore than some sort of confused and glorifiedbonus scheme, which may possibly have vote¬getting value for the individual Congressman,but little else. It is the great number of men andwomen who have sacrificed to serve our countryin the armed services who should benefit.IThe University has done much to bring col¬lege level education to increasing numbers of peo¬ple through its University High School, its HomeStudy Department, and its Adult Education pro¬gram. It must now do its utmost to make thissame education available to the many veterans ofWorld War H. It must be remembered that thereal value of education lies not in the individual,but in the community, and community value can¬not be achieved without increasing universality.Compulsory TrainingTwo bills providing for compulsory militarytraining after the war have been introduced in¬to the Congress—the Wadsworth resolution H.R. 1806 and May H. R. 3947—and if passedwill become effective six months after the pres- ^ ^ told you, beforepublication of the second story, wasent war.If Democracy is to survive it must be on thelookout for and ready to fight against any en¬croachment upon the freedom of its people. Wedon’t have to train an army of soldiers to fightwith guns. We do have to train an army of sol¬diers to fight with all of the intellectual equip¬ment put at our disposal by organic evolution. LettersTo The Editor:In your i.ssue of last week you pub¬lished a story to the effect that theCommittee on International Relationsrefuses to accept as candidates fordegree holders of the two-year A;S.from our College, giving Mr. HarleyF. McNair as authority for this in¬formation. You published this storywithout confirming its truth by com¬municating with Mr. McNair or •bywaiting for my return to the city andcommunicating with me.On my return I learned from Mr.McNair that he had not been inter¬viewed by any representative of theMaroon, that the position attributedtp the Committee on International Re¬lation was not its position or his po¬sition, and that he had no knowledgethat anyone could have so misunder¬stood him. I communicated these factsto you by telephone—and you did notdeny them—and suggested the pro¬priety of making them known in yourcolumns.Nevertheless in the issue of March31st you further misrepresent thefacts, and misrepresent them in theface of your knowledge of the truecircumstances as I communicatedthem to you.The heading of the story in the re¬cent issue states that the “Commit¬tee on International Relations Re¬tracts from Stand Forced by LastWeek’s Article in the Chicago Ma¬roon.” There was no “stand” of theCommittee, as I told you, and as youcould easily have learned had youtalked to Mr. McNair. Students talk¬ing to Mr. MacNair as students, notat representatives of the Maroon, ap¬parently misunderstood what Mr,MacNair was saying to them aboutadvice on their programs, and re¬ported to you as fact what was not Janice BrogueOutlooknot a fact. The Committee has notand does not refuse to accept holdersof the two-year A.B. As there wasno “stand,” there could be no retrac¬tion. No event has been reportedwhich could form a reasonable basisfor the unsupported inferences ex¬pressed in the recent story that therewas on the part of members of theCommittee “an attempt to condemnby implication the two-year A.B.,” University fame is spreading nearand far, reaching even such outpostsof civilization as St. Louis, Missouri.News of the phenomenal University ofChicago coming to the editorial earsof the St. Louis Post Dispatch, thatnewspaper decided to do a double-pagespread on the University, and to thatend sent off Art Witman, photogra¬pher, to Chicago to take pictures ofour campus.When Mr. Witman arrived last Fri¬day, used to the procedure of labor¬iously hunting up subjects to photo¬graph, he found the University pub¬licity departments already on the job.Miss Jeanette Lowrie of Press Rela¬tions had been delegated by the Pub¬lic Relations Department to do thehunting up of subjects, and the pho¬tographer had only the comparative¬ly easy job of following Miss Lowriearound campus, taking pictures of peo¬ple, places, and events according to arigid three-day schedule planned inadvance.Hardened photographer though Mr.Witman was, and already plannedthough his material was, he found theweek-end a strenuous one and theamount of possible subjects for hiscamera far from exhausted.The results of their efforts will ap¬pear in the April 16 edition of theSt. Louis Post Dispatch. Those of uswho wish to see ourselves as we areshown to the outer world will be sureto look at the paper.and that “the Committee was unpre¬pared to deal with students who pos¬sessed the two-year instead of thefour-year degree.” So far as I candiscover, the principal contributor tothe confusion in this matter has beenthe Maroon itself.I request you to publish this letter.I am sending copies to the adminis¬trative officers of the University andto Mr. MacNair.Sincerely,Robert RedfieldEditor—We are only too glad togive Dr. Redfield an opportunity toexpress his views to our readers. Wefeel that this ends the matter so faras we are concerned.This Week On CampusApril 7, Friday—12 Noon—Annual Community GoodFriday service. Rockefeller Chapel,sponsored by the Council of Hyde Parkand Kenwood Churches and Synagogues,and the Woodlawn Council of Churchesin collaboration with the University ofChicago.12:15 p.m.—Lutheran Student Associa¬tion Community service, Thorndike-Hil-ton Chapel.April 9, Sunday—11:00 a.m.—University Chapel Service,Reverend Charles W. Gilkey.12:30-1:00 p.m.—University of ChicagoRound Table, WMAQ, “How ChristiansShould Think About Peace”. Partici¬pants: Professor Edwin E. Aubrey ofthe U. of C. Divinity School; AssociateProfessor Charles Hartshome, Depart¬ment of Philosophy, U. of C.; and As¬ sistant Professor Bernard M. Loomer.5:15-6:00 p.m.—Christian Youth LeagueVesper Service, Joseph Bond Chapel.April 10, Monday—9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m., Monday throughFriday, Saturday 9:00-12:00 p.m.. Ren¬aissance Society Exhibition: Paintingsin oil, water colors, and woodcuts, byEmil Armin, Goodspeed 108.3 p.m.—Walgreen Foundation Lecture;“The Theory of the American PartySystem”, by Charles E. Merriam, So¬cial Sciences 122.8 p.m.—Walgreen Foundation Lecture:“Hellenistic Kingship”, by Ralph Mar¬cus, Social Sciences 122.April 11, Tuesday—Noon Worship Service, Joseph BondChapel, William Johnson, Graduate Stu¬dent, Divinity School.7:00 and 8:30 p.m.—Fiction film: “Un Carnet du Bal”, Social Sciences 122.April 12, Wednesday—4:30 p.m.—Zoological Club Meeting, “APhylogenetic Approach to Physiology ,C. Ladd Prosser, in Zoology 14.6:45 p.m.—University College Publiclecture: “Wallace: Century of the Com¬mon Man”, by Sunder Joshi, at the ArtInstitute.8:00 p.m.—Public Humanities lecture:“Marcel Proust: His Life and HisWorks. Origins”, Professor Pierre R.Vigneron, in Social Sciences 122.8:30 p.m.— William Vaughn MoodyFoundation lecture: “Ideals:Place and Their Keeper”, byFrost, Leon Mandel Hall.April 13, Thursday—7:30-8:00 p.m.—“The Humanture”, WGN and the Mutual Network“The Challenge of Science”. TheirRobertAdven-Feature PageDon Shietd$Traveling BazaarThis week seems to have been devoted almost entirelyto weddings, engagements, and pinnings.. .this state ofaffairs may or may not be accounted for by the fact thatthe Army medical students were told that unless theywere married they would have to move into barracks thisquarter.. .but that’s almost beside the point... At anyrate Betty Batzer took the final step Tues. Night inThorndike Chapel...She became Mrs. Norman Gratiotat another one of those candlelit affairs so dear to thetears of the female population.. .The guests were mostlyfriends and relatives of the bride including many DeltaSigs as well as a few campus names of Yesteryear...amongst the latter was Catherine Vance, who, as CathyHinton, was one of Esoteric’s BWOCs.. .A celebration atAudrey Maple’s followed, which seemed to be well at¬tended... Lois Regnell and Paul Jordan were marriedThurs. in Taylor Chapel but too late for Bazaar to getthe details... As did Fran Cattle and Lt. (jg) David Liv¬ingston.The engagements include Jean Harvey and Ray Hep-ner, Beth Shaw and Jerry Rygg who will be married the16th. And last but far, FAR from least comes the glorious,if not slightly incredible news that Rick (get it girls,RICK) Meana is going to be married in June...Thiscomes straight from the feed-box (the bride-to-be-her-self) but the name can’t be divulged yet...I shudder tothink of the broken Pi Delt hearts this is going to cause.. .Rick how COULD you!Pins concern Del Filman and Don Rowley plus JeanGilruth who has added a pin from Bill Shanks.. .and thusendeth the epistle of romance.Most appropriate sight of the Easter season this yearis Maurice Posada, with his face like a painted egg,emerging from the Divinity school of an early morning...A few words on some alumni who are gone, but notquite forgotten... P.C. Rubins, the late great editor ofthis happy publication, and ex-City Press and Tribunecharacter, is in New York working for the OWI.. .claimsshe is educating 250 million Indians... Marsh Patullo,another ex-Maroon and ex-City Press boy, and one ofthe most amiable of all of them, is training to be a Navyflier...Not to mention Beata Mueller who brought heronce famous cackle back to campus this quarter and pre¬fers not to be mentioned.. .Stu Schulberg, the acridbrother of the acrid Budd (What Makes Sammy Run)Schulberg is in the Marines in Washington, D.C., andgets himself married to Barbara Goodrich this week, ac¬cording to our usually unreliable sources.The W.W.T.B.D. has all the makings of a first classcampus organization... At a party in U.T. the othernight an initiation was held for Nor-Nor Evans and be¬cause friend Npr-Nor was suddenly possessed of a maddesire to make cookies the party adjourned to her house.. .The entire membership of the thing has expanded be¬yond Eddie Breddenberg, Bob Carter, and Bates Lowry,the charter members, to include Dick Taylor (a Yale man,not the Taylor of Simsoti fame) and Gordon Dajrah...The semi-weekly meetings can be found in our favoritepub any Tues. or Thurs.The well trained maids who handle the night door inthe girls’ dorms have long been the un-heralded heroinesof the campus.. .Their years of practice in the field ofdiscretion is seldom appreciated by the couples who re¬turn to the dorms in the wee hours and sit on the stepsin the vestibule to “talk”.. .having other things on theirmind they seldom notice the all but noiseless fade-outsaccomplished by these wonderful women... some raredecoration should be conferred upon them... Those pealsof raucous laughter emanating from Kelly hall the othernight were caused by the initiations of this year’s housemembers... The fox paw of the affair was pulled bya soldier who breezed into the closed session looking forhis date... he said the girls were at first offended untilthey found oiit he had some cigarettes.. .Mr. Rowland (isthis beginning to sound like Sanity?) inquired of a staffmember just WHAT was wrong with the Maroon newsstaff...he said a brassiere (approximately size 36) hasbeen floating around in the Botany Pond now for tendays and he hasn’t read a word about it in our yellowsheet.. .D.S. THE CHICAGO MAROONJazz Cocktails Bin ErlandumJazz music in America today hasdeveloped along two distinct channels.One channel is the so-called swingmusic, which is played predominate¬ly by dance bands and is greatly com¬mercialized. The second phase of jazzis the hot jazz music, which is usu¬ally played by small units of six orseven men. Swing music is naturallyplayed for jitterbugs and dancerswhere hot jazz is played by musi¬cians for the love of playing andlittle else.Swing music, being a commercialventure, is controlled by individualsin most instances who are interestedin making as much money as theycan regardless of the quality of themusic that is produced. Needless tosay, swing is also the best knownof the two, being played night andday on the radio and phonographs.Sv.dng has reached the point thatanything overdone must reach; itis no longer worth appreciation.Hot jazz music, though, is a differ¬ent conception altogether. It embod¬ies the principle on which modernmusic was originated—the principlethat an individual plays what hefeels on some instrument, just as aclassical composer writes down whathe feels on a score. The idea is thesame except that one scope is lim¬ited whereas the other is unbounded.Just recently, a poll was conductedby a major magazine which tried tocompare the two conceptions of mod¬ern music. Questions were asked ofmany musicians who are known fortheir ability and the result was thatthe two types have nothing in com¬mon. Still the critics persist in try¬ing to assimilate the two and theresults have been horrible. TheAmerican public has been subjectedto the craziest mess of noise slightlyresembling music that the true mu¬ sicians are about ready to give up indisgust and what’s worse yet, thepublic may never realize that theyhave a true American art. It is up tothe small group of collectors headedby a few so called “little magazines”to promote hot jazz and give it theattention it deserves.♦ * ♦Since the recording ban was placedon the recording companies, a num¬ber of very fine records have beenreleased. Decca came out with a se¬ries of reissue albums which led thefield. These include a Benny Good¬man album that features the maes¬tro in his earlier days with a groupof musicians who later became quitefamous. The album includes MuskratRamble, the old Kid Ory tune. Otheralbums are River Boat Jazz, whichfeatures a number of old bands thatplayed on the river boats coming upthe Mississippi River from New Or¬leans. Many of the records in thisalbum have personnels which arenot known. These records are inter-j esting in view of the fact that one{of the most important aspects ofI reviving the old bands is to ascer-i tain what musicians played withI whom in the old days.' Besides the reissuing, many smallrecording companies have beenpressing records made by fifty orsixty-year old musicians who usedto march up and down with streetbands in New Orleans. These recordsare causing a great deal of commentamong those collectors who feel thatas jazz progresses, the younger mu¬sicians learn more and are thereforebetter. This fallacy, although com¬mon, is uncalled for, for quite nat¬urally the men who originated jazzj can still do a much better job ofcarrying it on.Life Lines Bill RobertsFor those of you who didn’t get it the first time. Carroll Atuxiter Pagp RveWhat Price SanityRestaurant conditions become more and more hecticall the time. Wherever you go, you find that if thereare two of you, you invariably end up in a booth forfour. And conversely, if there are four of you, thereare only seats enough for two. The disadvantages areclear: it’s rather difficult, for instance, to face a t<^talstranger for half an hour without looking at him. Andit is somewhat hard to carry on a rapt conversationwith vaguely hostile strangers listening in.After a few weeks of it, you get used to it. We whodine at Spic-n-Span go there sometimes just to see whatwe can overhear. We were rewarded last Friday after¬noon by this glimmer of wisdom: “Why, I’m perfectlyliberal if you agree with me, old man!”♦ ♦ *The alumni of Hyde Park High School, who have asolid representation at the University, saw a welcomesight the other day. Miss Rubetta Biggs, who was thepride of the English department, is now taking a coarsein Spanish on campus. A few of us ran into her up onthe third floor of Cobb on registration day, and in twominutes or so she was absolutely besieged by HydeParkers screaming, “Miss BIGGS!” and trying to gether to join their classes. We all hope that the Spanishclass appreciates its acquisition.* *For the benefit of all those qualified, there is sign¬board attached to a fence in the alley between Wood-lawn and University Avenues advertising;Nursery School—Students Only—University of ChicagoIf the owners of the establishment mean this as a satireon the New Plan, we think it/rather daring of them.♦ ♦ ♦Mr. Bretz of the Geology Department opened hisseries of lectures in the Physical Science survey with abang. Instead of being academic, he started right outby panning all the other professors in the department,their jobs, and their idiosyncrocies. It developed finallynot a single science, but a composite of many related ones./Vflwgy SmithBox OfficeTHE SPIDER WOMAN ... is a rather creepy Sher¬lock Holmes thriller. Basil Rathbone feigns death tofacilitate apprehending the culpijits. Arachnid GaleSondergaard fits appropriately into the title of the movie.She is apparently responsible for a series of PajamaSuicides, fences around with Holmes for a while beforeshe is caught. It is a question as to who is the morediabolically clever. Nigel Bruce is once more the verystupid Dr. Watson. I sometimes wonder how he ever gotthrough medical school.SQUADRON LEADER ... is too long, too involved.Being a British picture, it seems strange to many Amer¬icans, but there is much of it that is good, much thatis not. In fact there is much too much too much too muchof everything.THOUSANDS CHEER . . . but I didn’t hear muchscreaming and stomping in the aisles. It consists of apretty good wartime musical romance and a lengthystar crammed army show, without which they couldhave done very nicely. Kathryn Grayson’s clothes lookbeautiful in technicolor. She plays a colonel’s daughterwho falls in love with Private Gene Kelly, an ex-trapezeartist. Take it from there, or leave it, if you will.HOSTAGES . . . tells the story of what happens to26 people in a cafe when a German officer disappears.They are held as hostages, lut. one of these (WilliamBendix) is invaluable to the Czsch underground move¬ment; he must be released at any cost. The movie ispowerful, has plenty of nail-chewing suspense. Bendix,Louise Rainer, Artura de Cordova, Katina Paxinou,Paul Lukas and Oscar Homolka are all terribly good.THE UNKNOWN GUEST ... is faintly reminiscentof “Suspicion,” on a far smaller scale. Victor Jory makeshimself known as the Unknown, does a very good jobof being sinistei;.WHERE ARE YOUR CHILDREN? . . . Movies ofjuvenile delinquents, by juvenile delinquents and forjuvenile delinquents must perish from the motion picturetheatre.Page SixReform.,.(Continued from page one)by some kind of common institutionaladherence to a particular analysis ofwhat is. wrong with the world andhence to a particular hierarchy ofmoral and intellectual values in termsof which civilization is to be savedand hence to a philosophically unifiedprogram of academic studies and ac¬tivities that would serve as means tothe ends you state. We should feelgreatly relieved if you could assureus that none of these apparent im-plicationiB of your words form anypart of your practical intentions forthe University — in short, that thephilosophy of the University’s func¬tion in society which you have ex¬pressed is desigrned to remain merelya personal doctrine of the President,or of any individual professors whomay wish to espouse it, and that noth¬ing is intended to be done to organizeexclusive programs for any degreethat would be based on such a doctrineof unity or that would not permit anystudent or professor publicly to repu¬diate it altogether if he so desired.Redefinition of Ph.D. DegreeWe are all the more seriously con¬cerned about this matter because ofyour suggestions, made in the samespeech, that the Ph.D. might well beso redefined as to make it a deg^reeprimarily for the teachers you thinkare needed to discover and introduceliberal education for all, and that thePhJ)., as thus redefined, might thenbe awarded through “a new Instituteof Liberal Studies.” Here again, sincewe may be subject to apprehensionsthat have no foundation in reality, weshould welcome from you the assur¬ance, first, that the faculty of such apost-graduate Institute, should it beset up, would include no persons whohad not been appointed to their po¬sitions in the University on the rec¬ommendation or with the free appro¬val of the permanent members of oneor another of the existing subject-matter Departments and, second, thatthe two proposed changes—the rede¬finition of the Ph.D. degree and thesetting up of the Institute—would beregarded by you as matters requiringSenate deliberation and consent byvote. For otherwise the faculty as awhole in the Departments and Divi¬sions could feel no security that theprograms of study and examinationsadministered, for our higher graduatestudents, by such an Institute as isproposed, would not be dominated—to the probably and properly fatal in¬jury of the University in the eyes ofthe scientific and learned world—^by aparticular mode of moral, intellectual,or spiritual ideology incompatiblewith the free pursuit and statementof knowledge.Political Constitutional ReformsUnderstanding, as we believe we do,the convictions of most of our col¬leagues in the Senate on the relationsof training for teaching and trainingfor research, we should not be dis¬posed to take the suggestion of theInstitute at all seriously were it notthat in your speech of January 12 yourepeat your proposal of last year tothe Board of Trustees that the fun¬damental organization of the Univer¬sity be transformed through provi¬sions for electing the President for avery short term, requiring him to ask the faculty’s advice (but not con¬sent) at every stage, and compellinghim to decide and take the conse¬quences, which might, as you explain,include a vote of no-confidence and theconsequent resignation of the Presi¬dent. This proposal is linked in thespeech with the suggestion that theSenate should be reduced in size andmade elective by and from all mem¬bers of the faculty. The two sugges¬tions, we are aware, are not necessar¬ily interdependent, and with respectto the second of them we have as aRONALD S. CRANEgroup no clear unanimity of opinion;but we are certain that the first pro¬posal has profound implications forthe intellectual as well as politicalfuture of the University as a freerepublic of scholars and teachers(since, for example, if this proposalwere adopted, the question of the In¬stitute and all it seems to us to por¬tend would be beyond the range offaculty control except by the violentmeans of an administrative revolu¬tion after much of the damage hadbeen done).Senators Seek Vote on New ChangesWe should therefore feel greatlyrelieved if you could assure us nowthat the concurrence, by vote, of theSenate would be asked before the pro¬posed changes in the constitution, ifdecided upon by the Trustees, becameeffective. You will easily understandour anxiety on this point when we re¬call that the proposal for a change inthe existing system of academic ranks—which if adopted in any of the sug¬gested forms would necessarily implyan alteration in the constitution andmode of choice of the Senate—has sofar been submitted to members of thefaculty only for advice, without anyindication that the consent of theSenate will be asked—and this inspite of the fact that several yearsago the question of the desirabilityof changing the representative basisof the Senate was brought before thatbody for vote and the suggestiontu.Tied down.Senate, Board Functions AmplifiedWe have stated our fears and ques¬tions to you thus frankly in order thatyou may have no doubts as to theseriousness with which we, and thegreat mass of our colleagues of vir¬tually every philosophic persuasion,look upon the issues we have triedto define. We hope we are mistaken;but we should be grateful to you ifyou could tell us so now in such away as to enable us to assure both THE CHICAGO MAROONourselves and our colleagues that theapprehensions on all these matterswe have expressed can be safely andcompletely put out of mind.Yours respectfully,(Signed) Jacob VinerR. 8. CraneSewall WrightA, O. CravenE. J. KrausFrank H. KnightIITHE UNIVERSITY OF (CHICAGOChicago, IllinoisOffice of the PresidentMarch 2, 1944Gentlemen:I can assure you that I do not planto impose a program upon the Uni¬versity, first, because I do not wantto; and second, because I could notdo it if I did want to. I have longsince made it plain that I do not re¬gard “the advancement of knowledgeby freely determined research andteaching” as an adequate statementof the purposes of the Universi^, andhave given my reasons, especially inThe Higher Learning in America andin an article in the Atlantic Monthlyin 1936, called “A Reply to White-head.” I had supposed that it was partof my duty to think about these issuesand had hoped that the expression ofmy views would generate some dis¬cussion in the faculty. A programfor the University can be arrived atonly by discussion and agreementamong the faculty.Administration Adheres to StatutesThe remaining questions you raiseare questions of law. I cannot amendthe Constitution of the University bypersonal assurances to members ofthe faculty. Under the Constitutionthe Board of Trustees freely createsand discontinues departments, insti¬tutes, and schools, without referenceto the Senate. When a new unit isestablished, appointments to it aremade without reference to the Senate.I could at any time in the last fifteenyears have recommended to the Boardthe foundation of any new school. Ifthe recommendation had prevailed,neither the law nor the practice ofthe University would have given theSenate any voice in the matter untillong after the school had been estab¬lished ■ and announced, its staff ap¬pointed and announced, and its pro¬gram formulated.Senators Beg Question, Says HutchinsEverything the Board does has ed¬ucational implications. Everything thefaculty does has financial and publicimplications. If the Senate is to claima vote on matters not within its sta¬tutory powers because they have ed¬ucational implications, the Board canclaim a vote on matters within theSenate’s statutory powers becausethey have financial and public impli¬cations. The policy of the administra¬tion has been to adhere to the Sta¬tutes. The relocation of the bachelor’sdegree, for example, was not broughtbefore the Board for action. Any re¬definition of the Ph.D. degree would,of course, require the approval of theSenate.Whether the Board shall ask theadvice of the faculty on a matterwhich is not within the faculty’s pow¬ers is a question of judgment in eachcase. Although the organization ofthe administration is not within thefaculty’s powers, I recommended to the Board that the Senate be askedto elect a committee to advise theBoard on my suggestions that thePresident should become either Chair¬man of the Faculty or a responsibleexecutive.New Scheme HoldsGreater SafeguardsI venture to suggest that you begthe question in discussing these pro¬posals for reorganizing the adminis¬tration. The issue is whether thePresident will be less responsive tofaculty sentiment if the second pro¬posal is adopted than he is at present.FRANK H. KNIGHTj My contention’ is that he would be ,more so. A rough approximation to |an answer—1 admit it is very rough i— may be arrived at by inquiring iwhether the Prime Minister of Great iBritain is more responsive to the iopinion of the legislature than the!President of the United States,Correction On Issue of EachIf I am right in my estimate of ,the effect of this proposal and you iare right in your estimate of our col¬leagues, you are in less danger fromthe foundation of a new unit under ithe suggested scheme than you are junder the present organization. Under jthe suggested scheme a president who jplanned a new school and who wanted jto be re-elected or merely to continue jtill the end of his term would have jto be sure he could carry the facultywith him as well as the trustees. To¬day he needs to carry only the trus¬tees. The Senate is then limited tothe dubious and tardy recourse of re¬ferring back the curriculum of thenew unit.Explicit Interpretation RequestedI need add a minor correction onan issue of fact. The Senate did notturn down a proposal to include mem¬bers of the faculty on indefinite ten¬ure in its membership. Their inclusionwould be the only necessary effect onthe Senate of any of the suggestionsrecently circulated in regard to rank.I should be glad to discuss these orany other matters with you at anytime and place convenient to you. Inthe meantime, should you care to showthis letter to any colleagues who mayhave seen your letter to me, I haveno objection to your doing so.Sincerely yours,Ro.b^’ft M. Hutchin.sIIIMarch 18, 1944President R. M. HutchinsFaculty ExchangeDear Mr. President: We noted with much pleasure theassurance you gave us in your letterof March 2 that you do not plan toimpose a program upon the Univer¬sity, and we are in hearty agreementwith the principle expressed in yourfurther remark that a program forthe University “can be arrived atonly by discussion agreement amongthe faculty.”Trustees Possess Freedom of ActionIn our original letter, however, wesubmitted to you a number of specificquestions, and your replies to these,we are sorry to say, have by no meansset our minds at rest on the particularissues we raised. The questions we putwere questions not of law but of pol-icy. We did not ask you to amend theConstitution of the University by per¬sonal assurances to members of thefaculty, but rather to give us suchan explicit interpretation of your offi¬cial intentions as would enable us andour colleagues to judge, with moreinsight than we can now, both thenature of the changes in the intellec¬tual and educational direction of theUniversity which you wish to bringabout and the means by which suchchanges are to be effected. We areaware that the authority vested bylaw and charter in the Board of Trus¬tees is very great.Hutchins’ Speeches Source of ConcernWe take it for granted that theTrustees of the University of Chi¬cago are free to follow or reject theadvice of the President, or of anyoneelse, within the limits of these pow¬ers: we do not, indeed, raise anyquestion on that score. But we alsoknow that the President of the Uni¬versity has a large measure of dis¬cretion with respect to what he doesor does not propose to the Board ofTrustees, and it was concerning yourintended use of that discretion, inmatters touching the essential endsof the University and the determina¬tion of its programs, that we meantto inquire in our letter.No Antagonism and ChangesWe realize that we are a purelyself - selected and self - constitutedgroup of individuals with no authorityto speak for any but ourselves. Wehave presumed to write to you as wehave done because of our deep con¬cern for the University and its fu¬ture and because, although we havetaken' no poll of faculty opinion, weknow that this concern is shared bymany others. The concern which wehave felt has been greatly increased,as we said in our letter, by some ofyour recent public utterances, and es¬pecially by your speech of January 12at the Trustee-Faculty Dinner. In thisspeech you dedicated the Universityto a new “purpose”—the procuringof “a moral, intellectual, and spiritualrevolution throughout the world”—and you sketched a program of educa¬tional and administrative changeswhich are necessary, as you suggest¬ed, in order that this purpose of ef¬fecting a reversal of the scale of val¬ues by which our society lives maybe accomplished.Feel Alarm at Concrete ProposalsIt is not that we doubt in the leastthat the contemporary world standsin need of improvements or that wewould not have the University doeverything it properly can—primarilythrough the dissemination as widelyas possible of its spirit of free and(Continued on page seven)Reform* ••(Continued from page six)disciplined inquiry and thinking—tobring such improvements about. Wegskcd you, however, to clarify yourconception of the purpose you statedfor the University, not becaiwe wehave any antagonism in principle tochanges without or within, but simplybecause we have been unable to seehow much a revolutionary crusade asyou appear to have in mind could be¬come effective without committing theUniversity, as an institution, to aparticular doctrine as to the valuesto be achieved or the evils to be over¬come. And since you have not givenQS the reassurances on this funda¬mental issue we asked for, we mustcontinue to be disturbed by your an-nounccmient of a unifying mission forthe University which could so easilybe incompatible with our essentialfunction of advancing knowledge byresponsible research and teaching un¬hampered by any official ideology orphilosophical dogma.For this reason, too, we can stillfeel only alarm at the various con¬crete proposals which are presentedin your speech as means to the pur¬pose you define. We have referred tothe suggested Institute of I/iberalStudies as an instance of these, andmust express to you again the deepconcern we have lest there be set upin the University a division or school,parelleling at the same level the workof existing divisions or schools, whichwould be endowed with powers of ad¬ministering the Ph.D. as an exclusivedegree for teachers, and, to this end,of organizing graduate curricula andappointing instructors, without sub¬jection to the scholarly controls ofmen whose competence in the varioussubject-matters and disciplines hasbeen certified by their peers withinthe established Departments of theUniversity.Ph.D Revision Requires SenateApprovalWe note that, in your reply to ourletter, you say that any redefinitionof the Ph.D. degree “would, of course,require the approval of the Senate.This was already our impression, withrespect to the present rules of proce¬dure and accepted precedents. Yourrecogpiition of this fact, however, con¬veys no assurance at all regarding thesituation as it would be were you tosecure the powers over educationalpolicies and programs which you areseeking from the Trustees of theUniversity. Rather the contrary; forif the powers you seek—powers thatwould deprive the faculty of any realveto on proposals involving educa¬tional ends and means before decisivecommitments had been made—are notto be used for the sake of implement¬ing, through such devices as the sug¬gested Institute, the “purpose” youhave announced for the University,then we are indeed at a loss to knowwhat is in your mind.Hutchins Emphasizes Legal IssuesThis is why it seems to us thatyour reply to our letter, with itsemphasis on legal issues which wedid not raise, does not satisfactorilyanswer the questions we asked. WhatWe hoped for was a clarifying state¬ment of your intentions as Presidentwith respect to the future educationalpolicy of the University and the role of the faculty in its determination—a statement which we could commu¬nicate to other members of the facultywho share our apprehensions. Ourinterpretation of your reply is thatyou mean to tell us, courteously butdefinitely, that yon, do not wish togive us such a statement.4Inferences Drawn From Hutchins’LetterWe infer, moreover, from you let¬ter that you intend to use your ownjudgnnent in promoting the systemof changes in the University you haveoutlined, by means of the legal pow¬ers you now have and such furtherpowers as the Trustees may grantyou, without prior submission of theprogram as a whole—both its philoso¬phy and the specific means necessaryto its achievement—to regular delib¬eration and possible veto by the fac¬ulty. If this is the case, we think thefaculty should know it. If it is notthe case, we feel sure you will seethe wisdom of doing whatever youcan to relieve our colleagues’ mindsbefore the present discontents in theUniversity become even more acute.We beg of you, therefore, to giveus a frank and unambiguous state¬ment as to whether our interpretationis correct, or, if not correct, in whatrespects it is in error.President Asked for FormalStatementWe should also like to obtain yourassent to our having this entire cor¬respondence manifolded and distribu¬ted among members of the Universityfaculties. We appreciate the courteoussuggestion in the last paragraph ofyour letter, in which you invite us todiscuss the whole situation with you.We think you will see, however, fromwhat we have written here that suchan oral discussion, however profitableit might be for ourselves, would notserve the purpose of clarification forthe faculty in general which we havein view. This purpose would of coursebe issues we have raised.It is not our intention to prolongthe present correspondence beyond re¬ceipt of your reply to this letter. De¬spite our alarm at what appears to usto be the main direction of yourthought on University policy, we areby no means without hope that a res¬olution of the current difficulties maybe discovered which would be moresatisfactory in the long run, both toyou and to the faculty, than either ofthe opposed methods of administra¬tive reform which you mention inyour letter. We are all of us agreedthat there are many problems in theUniversity which need to be exam¬ined afresh in the interest both ofscientific and educational progressand we are sanguine that, were onlythe prevailing anxiety as to your in¬tentions dispelled, the discussion ofthese problems could go forward ina fruitful way. It is in this hope thatwe have written to you.If you should care to have a talkwith us before you reply, we shouldof course be glad to wait upon youat your convenience.Yours respectfully,(Signed) Jacob VinerR. S. CraneSewall WrightA. O. CravenE. J. KxausFrank H. Knight THE CHICAGO MAROON *IVTHE UNIVERSITY OP CHICAGOChicago, IllinoisOffice of the PresidentMarch 26, 1944Gentlemen:In your second letter you ask meto clarify my conception of the pur¬pose I have stated for the Universitybecause you do not see how it couldbe realized without committing theUniversity to a particular doctrine. Iassume that you are not interested ina restatement of my personal views,which are well enough known. You areconcerned as to whether I plan to im¬pose my personal views on the Uni¬versity. Assurances on this point Ihave already given. I repeat that Ihave no such^plans. If the Universityis ever committed to a particular doc¬trine, it will be because the facultyhas agreed upon it.Senators Alarmed, Still Have HopeYou ask for a statement of my in¬tentions as Presfdent with respect tothe future educational policy of theUniversity and the role of the facultyin its determination. The general pro¬gram I favor has been repeatedly out¬lined to the faculty. My intentions areto proceed in the future as I have inthe past: to take, with the approvalof the duly constituted authorities,such steps toward the realization ofthis general prog^'am as may fromtime to time seem wise. Where it isjudicious to consult the faculty, it willI be consulted.1 Your first letter seemed to claimauthority for the Senate which itdoes not possess. Your second doestoo; for you use the word veto ini acontext in which it has never beenused before.But if you do not claim a juris¬diction for the Senate beyond its con¬stitutional powers, you seek to accom¬plish the same result by indirection.Some hundreds of our colleagueswere alarmed about the fate of theRush Medical College. Would it havebeen proper for me to promise agroup of them that the Colley wouldnot be discontinued if the Senate ve¬toed such action? Many of our col¬leagues feel that the Senate does notrepresent the faculty. Would it beiproper for me to assure some of themthat matters within the jurisdictionof the Senate would be first submit¬ted to the General Faculty for delib¬eration and possible veto?Future Role of Faculty DefinedYou assume that the faculty nowhas a veto on all proposals involvingends and means before decisive com¬mitments are made and that my sug¬gestions for reorganizing the admin¬istration would deprive the faculty ofthat veto. On the contrary; the fac¬ulty has no veto on) any proposalsnot within its statutory competence;and my suggestions for reorganizingthe administration—either to drop thePresident and have a Chairman of theFaculty or to make the President aresponsible executive—^would increasethe participation of the faculty in theformulation and execution of educa¬tional policy. These suggestions, asCLASSIFIEDLost: Between 9-11 A.M. Thursday, in IdaNoyes Checkroom—Marshall Field s boxconuining Red Cross money from benefitfashion tea by College Girls* Club. Please re-turn to Ida Noyes office.Bu-siness girl to share 5-room apartment HydePark District. Dorchester 4868 after 6 p.m.Lost; Gold chain bracelet -sentimental value-lost on campus Thursday, March ^O.^wwdoffered. If found, please phone GabrielleSchoenberg, Fairfax 6468. the proposal for a Chairman of theFaculty suffices to show, were notmade to give the President morepower, but to clarify and fix respon¬sibility.The authority of the faculty can beenlarged only by amending the Sta¬tutes. Either of the two amendmentsI have suggested would enlarge theauthority of the faculty. If you havea third plan, perhaps you may wishto bring it to the attention of theSenate Committee elected at my re¬quest to study this subject.I have no objection to the distri¬bution of our correspondence.Sincerely yours,(Signed) Robt. M. Hutchins Page SevenPuerto Rico...(Continued from page one)cation given and to improve its quali¬ty.Last year he and Dr. Garcia, a biol¬ogy professor at Puerto Rico who al¬so earned his degree here, visited theUniversity of Chicago to confer withthose who he thought could help himin his plans and to make arrange¬ments for certain professors to cometo his university, especially Rhein-stein and Borgese, in whose classesBenitez had been a student. Those ask¬ed who have not yet been able to goare Dean Aaron J. Brumbaugh andDr. Joseph Jackson Schwab.Morton’s5487 UKE PARK AVE.Food For FunSparkling Restaurant aFoyer for LiteratiBy ELIZABETH RANNELLSSuch a lovely setting has beencreated at Morton’s restaurant onLake Park Ave. at 66th St. thatwomen guests feel glamorous andbeautiful. A slight exaggerationperhaps, but the dining room ischarming, with muted blue walls,soft lights, choice pictures and acreamy leather banquette thatwinds around the room. A well-stocked bar in one corner seems tohave an extra sparkle from itsarray of glasses.Good talk shares the spotlightwith good food at Morton’s. Sinceits beginning it has been a centerfor the South Side’s literati andartists as well as prominent mem¬bers of the University of Chicago.Learned It Hard WayMort, who meets and greets hisguests, likes to talk about his expe¬riences in the restaurant business.He insists he learned it the hardway. It was his intention to havejust a bar when he opened in 1933,but the snacks led to food and hefound himself in the restaurantbusiness.A lot of his success, he says, isdue to the consistent good cookingof his Negro chef, Roxie Perkins.What Roxie doesn’t think of, Mrs.Morton does, so between them theyplan a menu that is substantial andinteresting.When less than a dinner is want¬ed, certain house specials are par¬ ticularly popular. Assorted horsd’oeuvres is one of them.Plentiful VarietyServed on a large plate, generousin size and variety, it is popular4nth dieters. >But finished off with a slice ofMrs. Morton’s chocolate fudgecake and beverage, the combinationfairly bristles with calories. Char¬coal broiled barbecued ribs withfrench fries and cole slaw or broiledhamburgers are popular with mid- •night ice-box raiders.Chopped steak with onions givesthe dinner menu a honey touch, butsuch sophisticated dishes as broiledchicken, double lamb chops and filetmignon are also included. Fisn iswell represented with scallops, lob¬ster, fried shrimp and oystersamong the selections.Potato patties are a nice changefrom the old routine of whipped,french or fried and worth a trial.Bread sticks, fresh and crunchy,and a fresh salad accompany themain course.Kernie is the headwaiter and willmake suggestions about the tooth¬some dishes Roxie has conjured up,and he will seee to it that yourwine is served at the proper tem¬perature.'Mort and his staff take a Victoryholiday on Tuesdays.—Reprint from The Sun,Sunday, Feb. 26, 1944.I believe you would enjoy your dinner more and also receive betterservice if you would dine before 5 or after 8:30 on Sunday.Thank you,MORTONFOR RESERVATIONS CALL PLAZA 9088Page Eight ■ ■ ■ — -Maroon Nine, Navy ReinforcedTo Open Season Against IowaThis afternoon and tomorrow, theMaroon baseball nine will open itsseason at Iowa City against the Hawk-eyes. Until last Monday the athleticdepartment had no idea that therewould even be a team. Kyle Andersondecided early in March that he wouldabandon the sport this year, but ata meeting Monday, 10 men reported,bringing with them the names of 6more interested in baseball. At thepresent time. Coach Anderson has for¬ty players, 19 civilians and 23 Navytrainees.Three men from last year’s squadreported this year: Ed Cooperrider(2nd base). Bob Finnegan (centerheld) and Jim Servies (shortstop). Anew pitching staff looks promising;Dick Stoughton and Jack Markwardhave a lot of power. Anderson is count¬ing on Don Norton to hold down thecatcher’s job, one of the most impor¬tant. First base will be handled byGuests To Talk AtRockefeller ChapelEight guest speakers will addressthe congregation of the RockefellerMemorial Chapel during the springquarter.George A. Buttrick of the Madisonavenue Presbyterian Church, NewYork, will be the first of the quarter,April 16. George Shuster, presidentof Hunter College, New York, willspeak April 23; James G. Heller, rab¬bi of the Isaac Wies Temple, Cincin¬nati, Ohio, April 30; E. F. Tittle of theFirst Methodist Church, Evanston,May 7; followed by Joseph F. King,First Congregational Church, Oberlin,Ohio. Gerald E. Knoff from Iowa StateTeacher’s College, Cedar Falls, Iowa,.will preach May 21; Frank Fager-burg, First Baptist Church, Los An¬geles, May 28. The eighth guest willbe A. N. Rogness, Trinity LutheranChurch, Mason City, Iowa. Enerson, Brewer and LeMoigne Stit,second base by Cooperrider and JohnBerkmeier, third by Haltner and JimCooperrider. Cla3rton Bromley, Maroontrackman this spring, and Jim Ser¬vies will alternate at shortstop. Out¬fielders are Cunningham, Bloch, Fin¬negan, Hosey and Lancaster. “Thisyear’s outfield is very fast and I ex¬pect a lot from ’em,” said Anderson.Iowa’s baseball squad is composedof 22 men, most of them freshmen.Dick Ives and Dave Danner, basket¬ball high-scorcrs this season, pitch andplay second base respectively. Severalother cagers are on the Hawk nine.Ernie Rowe ElectedCommittee HeadLast Tuesday at the first meetingof the Student Social Committee, LoisRegnell handed over the chairman’sgavel to Ernie Rowe. Miss Rowe’sfirst act as chairman was to announcea dance for May 13th and the namesof the twelve new members of thecommittee for this year.“Because of the comps this quarterwe’re only planning one big ‘blow,’Rowe told a Maroon reporter yester¬day. “It will be a big dance on May13th to be called the Derby Party.”The idea is to work the Kentuckyderby into the evenings entertainment,which will consist of a dance, floor-show, and stunts backgrounded byWally Hermes’ orchestra. Jeanette“Davy” Davison, an old committeemember, and Sandy Sulcer, a newmember, are running the dance.New members of the committeeelected last Tuesday are Joan Beck¬man, • Lois Boerger, Roger Davis,Jeanette Davison, Bill Erlandson, DelFilman, and Margie Mather. Othermembers are Gloria Robinson, NellRoff, Don Senhouser, Marge Scholen-berger and Fred Sulcer. THE CHICAGO MAROON -Prof. Ralph MarcusSees SimilaritiesIn Civilizations“Greeks and Hellenized Orientals”was the title of the first lecture ofthe spring Humanities series on“Kings, Philosophers, Exegetes, andSatirists in the Hellenistic World.”In it Ralph Marcus, Associate Pro¬fessor of Hellenistic Culture, expound¬ed on the many similar customs inexistence in ancient Greece and thecountries surrounding it. Particularlyevident is the great similarity be¬tween Greek and Near Eastern reli¬gious concepts. Recent excavationshave furnished much proof in this re¬gard. One glance at a map of Egyptand the Near East amply illustratesthis point: it is filled with cities ofGreek name.A great deal of this uniformity ofculture can be attributed to the con-querings of Alexander the Great. Hewas in favor of merging the Greekand Oriental cultures and practicedthis himself by forming a mergerwith the Persian Empire in the formof a marriage with the Persian prin¬cess.New Officers ElectedFor Interclub CouncilPast and present presidents of Uni¬versity women’s social clubs electedInter-Club Council officers for theyear 1944. Betsy Wallace, MortarBoard, is the new president of Inter-Club Council. Other officers electedMonday are Doris Ruzek, Pi DeltaPhi, who will be secretary; Mary Au¬gustine, Esoteric, new treasurer; Dot-tie Duncan, Sigma, new social chair¬man ; and Jessica Hause, Delta Sig¬ma, new member-at-large.MIDWAY THEATRE — Cottage Grove and 63rd — Opens 1:30Starting Tomorrow For One Week!What a King! What a Man!N« started the original block-party. . . and did he have fun! ThreeKates, two Annes and o Jane.The biggest picture since Adaminvented love . . . and Henryinvented divorce! LAUGHTONwithMERLEOBERONROBEItTDONATOn his wedding night, he went to his ^ ^mistress ... ' - '•>DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS, JR. rCflTH€Rin€ ^THE GREAT ■'MiafELIZABETH BERGNERtrnm Im IWg tMUd • • • cmd a Queen prhose;^ lovers wer# her trpopsl Prospective FreshmenTo Take ScholarshipExamination April 15More than $50,000 worth of schol¬arships will be offered to winners ofthe competitive examinations to begiven April 15. Some of the scholarships will go to the fifteen-year-oldsentering the first year of the College.The rest will go to the traditional col¬lege freshmen matriculating afterfour years of reg^ular high school.As in former years, students willbe able to take the tests both hereon campus and in other cities. Bylast Tuesday, all applications for ad¬mission and examinations were on file. U.T.1131-1133 E. 55th St.Complete Selectionof Beers andOther BeveragesMIDway 0524Blatz BeerCOLLEXSENIGHTEVERY FRIDAYEddie OUverHIS PIANO ANDHIS ORCHESTRAESnterlainmenlDorothy Dorben DancersAnn Judson, Jr.The Four SidneysGarron and BennettPhilip KinsmanCourtesy CardsStudent Courtesy Cards may be obtainedat the Maroon office. Admission with card^ 65 cents per person, including tax.MARINE DINING ROOMEDGEWATERBEACH HOTEL5300 BLOCK SHERIDAN ROAD