^ Bail? iHlanionVol. 39, No. 79. Z-149 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1939 Price Three CentsAnton CarlsonAccepts HealthService Post•Advisory Health Coun¬cil Names PhysiologistMember.I)r. Anton J. Carlson, chairman ofthe department of Physiology at theUniversity of Chicago and interna¬tionally-known research leader inthis field, today accepted appoint¬ment as a member of the NationalAdvisory Health Council of theUnited States Public Health Service.For three years, Hr. Carlson hasbeen chairman of the Committee onToxic Food Sprays of the NationalAcademy of Sciences, an advisoryproup to the Department of Agri¬culture, which did such effectivework that the research was givenl)eimanent support when Congresstransferi-ed it to the National Insti¬tute of Health, a division of theUnited States Public Health Service.New StepsThe appointment, for six years,marks another step in Dr. Carlson’slong career of public service, whichbegan when he arrived in this coun¬try from Sweden in 1891 as a steer¬age immigrant.l*uring the war he was a Lieuten¬ant-Colonel in the Sanitary Corps andoverseas he aided Herbert Hoover infeeding the children of war-tornKurope.I»r. Carlson was named Frank P.Hixon Distinguished Service Profes-.sor of Physiology at the Universityof Chicago in 1929, which chair henow holds. A member of the Nation¬al Academy of Sciences, he was elect¬ed last year to the presidency of theAmerican Association of UniversityProfessors. Benes Predicts Reactionto Authoritarian RegimesThe same forces which producedthe reaction in Europe against therapid wave of democratization fol¬lowing the World War inevitably willproduce a reaction to the authoritarian regimes. Dr. Eduard Benes, form¬er president of Czechoslovakia pi’O-dicted la.st night.Dr. Benes, visiting professor at theUniversity under the Charles R. Wal¬green Foundation, made his predic¬tion, based on the inevitable law ofhistory, in the second of his two pub¬lic lectures under University Collegeauspices at the Auditorium theatre.“In 1939 we are in Europe in thesame gigantic struggle for the samehigh principles of freedom and hu¬manity as was the case in 1914. Butthere is this great difference: that inthe last war and during the twentyyears policy after the war Europehad passed through another greatMirror dominatesHutchinson^ HanesFor PresidentI iiiversitv StiMlentsDirect Playgroups.Mrs. Emma Pitcher, of ChapelUnion, and nine University studentsare directors of ten Grammar Schoolplaygroups this year. Jack Conway,Laurence Harr, Al Pfanstiehl, Wil¬liam Speck and Robert Stokely arethe leaders of the five groups of boys,from second to sixth grade. The fiveclubs of girls are supervised by Mrs.Pitcher, Katherine Bethke, Elsie Teu¬fel. .Margaret Janssen and Ruth John¬son.The playgroups, which are underthe general supervision of Mr. SethPhelps, Director of the RecreationClubs and teacher in the UniversityGrammar School, meet in the after¬noons for field trips, nature study,and other varied extracurricular ac¬tivities. The groups provide after¬noon play for children, and are partof a large playgroup move in Chica¬go, to provide organized play forchildren in the apartment areas; theyinclude trips to museums, radio stu¬dios and other points of interest inthe city as well as trips into thecountry, manual training projects,and many of the activities of scout¬ing groups. Peg Hutchinson and Mary Haneshave been chosen to run for presidentof next year’s Mirror Board, JudyCunningham, present Mirror presi¬dent, announced last night. The presi¬dent and four other members of theMirror Board will be elected tomor¬row in Ida Noyes from 11:30 to 4:30.Both Miss Hutchinson and MissHanes have been active in Mirror forseveral years. In this year’s big show.Peg Hutchinson, a Mortar Board, washead of the box-office, and MaryHanes, an Esoteric, was stage man¬ager for the revue.Candidates for the Board are Nat¬alie Clyne, Janet Geiger, Mary Hanes,Pat Hutchinson, Peg Hutchinson,Jane Myers,'Betty Newhall, a.nd BeeRogers. Committee chairmen will notbe chosen until fall.Any woman who has worked onMirror 1939 and paid the $3 initiationfee either to Mirror or the DramaticAssociation is eligible to vote.Ida Noyes OpensAnnual Art (Contesti With each spring quarter comesI the annual Student Art Show spon-I sored by the Ida Noyes AdvisoryI Council.I The following classes are those in-1 to which the exhibit will be divided:I oiLs, water colors, drawings, sculp-I s, pottery and textiles. Prizes] hi ' a been offered by campus organi¬zations for the winners.I Helen Thomson, Chairman of theCouncil, has announced that all en¬tries must be submitted by March 30and that no limit will be set uponthe number of entries from any oneindividual. Additional rules are asfollows: Paintings and drawingsmust be framed or mounted. Exhib¬itors must be stmlents registered atthe University in the year 1938-1939,or in the summer quarter of 1938.Those desiring further informationshould consult the main office of IdaNoyes Hall, or phone local 1068.W. Hal per in Describes ItalianChnrch-~State Quarrels in Netv BookS. W. Halperin, instructor in His¬tory, at the University has just writ¬ten the second book of a trilogy aboutthe relations between the Catholicchurch and the Italian government.The first was “The Separation ofChurch and State in Italian Thought:from Cavour to Mussolini;’’ the lat¬est is “Italy and the Vatican at War:a Study of Their Relations from theOutbreak of the Franco-PrussianWar to the Death of Pius IX.’’ Thelast book of the trilogy will bring thewar between Italy and the Vaticanup to date.The second book of the series,“Italy and the Vatican at War,’’deals with the forces outside Italythat strive to divert the state and theChurch from their destinies, as wellas with the quarre!s emerging fromthe Italian state’s taking over Romeas its capitol, and the refusal of Pope Pius IX to agree to the usurpation.New Data UsedThe data for the book drawn fromFrench, Austrian, and Italian Statepapers unpublished until now, fromcontemporary pamphlets, newspapers,letters, and diaries clears up someof the problems involved in politico-ecclesiastical relationships of todayand gives them an unsuspected his¬torical background.For instance, Haljierin shows thatin the early days of the Church, thePapacy tried to make the words “Ro¬man’’ and “Catholic’’ synonymous,but failed after repeated attempts.The strained relations between theChurch and State in Italy todayemerges from this situation.The problem of the Pope’s neutral¬ity, which is never definitely defined,is also discussed in the volume. revolution and lived a considerablenumber of years in the regime of lib¬erty,’’ Benes said.“And a nation that once lived infreedom can never forget it. Thepresent fight for this great freedomwill therefore be finished again with agreat, and I am convinced, with adecisive victoi-y of freedom and dem¬ocracy in Europe.’’Difficulties IntrudeThe new democracies which fol¬lowed the World W’ar started exis¬tence with enormous initial difficul¬ties, Dr. Benes pointed out. Differ¬ences of development and education,of civilization, and character in thenew states; the lack of a democratictradition, and the entrance of largemasses of population into politicallife for the first time were but someof the handicaps of the new states.“All the well-known difficulties of(Continued on page 2)CampusBriefsLapp Discusses U.S.Foreign Policy TodayDr. John Lapp, referee for theRailway Labor Board and nationalchairman of the Keep America Outof War Committee, will analyse theforeign policy of the United Statesat a meeting of the Youth Commit¬tee Against War on Thursday at3:30 in the Lounge of Ida Noyes.The meeting of the Youth Commit¬tee Against War is the first of aseries designed to arouse interest inand an understanding of the issuesof the Strike against War on April20th. At the meeting, plans of theYouth Committee for the strike willbe discussed. All members of theUniversity are invited to attend.Morris Cohen ReturnsTo Campus for SpringMorris R. Cohen, professor ofPhilosophy, who has been teachingat Harvard for the last two quarters,returns to the University Springquarter.He will give two courses, a grad¬uate reading course, and a bi-weeklygraduate seminar in Social Philos¬ophy.Cohen joined the faculty of theUniversity last spring after his re¬tirement from the City College ofNew York. He teaches courses atthe University only in the Springquarter.Fay-Cooper ColeVisits ExcavationsDuring spring vacation ProfessorFay-Cooper Cole, chairman of thedepartment of Anthropology, willtour the southeastern part of thecountry to study excavations of thearcheology of the Mississippi Valley.His itinerary includes the TennesseeValley Authority excavations and theUniversity of Kentucky excavationsunder the direction of Major Webb,the Ocmulgee National Monument ex¬cavations, laboratory, and museumnear Macon, Georgia, and the ex¬cavations at Montgomery, Alabama.Leites Speaks at LastPol. ScL Club MeetingMr. Nathan Leites, instructor inPolitical Science, will discuss “Chang¬ing Obstacles to Freedom of thePress’’ tonight at eight in SocialScience 302. The meeting, which issponsored by the Graduate PoliticalScience Club, will be the last of thequarter for the club.Douglas Opens NewCampaignHeadquarterEntertainment and refreshmentswill feature the housewarming of thenew Paul H. Douglas for AldermanHeadquarters at 1464 East 57thStreet this evening at eight. Thehou.sewarming is designed to interestpeople in the community in workingon the campaign. " DA Plans Expansionof Apprentice GroupsEleanor CoambsNew Head of WAAWAA members chose EleanorCoambs as their president at elec¬tions in Ida Noyes hall yesterday.For vice-president they selectedKatherine Bethke, Quadrangler, andfor secretary, Mary Blanchard. SueNull, a freshman, was elected treas¬urer. Installation of the new officerstakes place at a dinner in the Clois¬ter Club of Ida Noyes tonight at 6.A “basketball-sports day’’ is thefirst event WAA plans for springquarter. Teams from Mundelein Col¬lege, Northwestern, Iowa, and Illinoiswill also participate in this all-daysports program at Ida Noyes, Satur¬day, April 1.An outing at the dunes is the sec¬ond major event WAA members lookforward to the next quarter. Besidesmembers of the University organiza¬tion, women from WAA chapters atPurdue, Wisconsin, and Northwesternwill attend the outing also. Organizes New Theatri¬cal Workshop for Stu¬dents.Exhibit OilPainting byDean CornwellAn oil painting by Dean Cornwell,depicting an historic contribution tomedical science, will be on exhibit atthe University March 21 to May 5,Dr. Arno V. Luckhardt, professor ofPhysiology, announced today.The painting, a large oil, shows Dr.William Beaumont, pioneer army sur¬geon, and his patient, a French-Can-adian trapper named Alexis St. Mar¬tin, whose gun-shot wound providedDr. Beaumont with the opportunityto make observations that providedthe foundation of modern gastro-in-testinal knowledge.Displayed in the middle-west forthe first time, the portrait will beshown in room 117 of the Pathologybuilding of the University clinicsgroup.University SelectedThe University was selected as theplace of exhibition in this area be¬cause it possesses the finest collectionof Beaumont material in the country,established as a memorial to the bril¬liant surgeon by his grandson, EthanAllen Beaumont, and his wife.Dr. Luckhardt, authority on thework and life of Dr. Beaumont,served as technical adviser to the ar¬tist and the preliminary oil “lay-out”sketch which Mr. Cornwell gave himin appreciation of his assistance like¬wise will be on display.Three years ago the University,through the efforts of Dr. Luckhardt,acquired a valuable collection ofmedical papers, private correspon¬dence and personal effects of Dr.Beaumont, including his surgical case,watch, and revolver. Among the pap¬ers is the correspondence betweenRobert E. Lee and Dr. Beaumont’sdaughter.Collegium GivesThird Concert Plans for the expansion and reor¬ganization of their experimental ap¬prentice groups were announced yes¬terday by the Dramatic Association.Until now these productions havebeen limited to one act plays givenweekly in the Reynolds Club Theatrewithout scenery, costumes, or make¬up, and often an audience.With a grant from the Dean’s of¬fice, work was started several weeksago on standard sets for use on theReynolds Club stage, and plans weremade for a new and bigger theatricalworkshop at the University whichwill include a training school for ac¬tors, .make-up artists, costume de¬signers, and students interested inproduction. These classes will be stu¬dent taught and will work in con¬junction with the actual productionsof the grout).First ProductionThe Apprentice Players will openWednesday evening, April 19, with acomplete presentation of Ibsen’s“Ghosts.” This play will be in re¬hearsal a month, as will all futureproductions. A 20 cent admissioncharge will be made.Other plays scheduled for produc¬tion next quarter include “UncleVanya” by Chehov; a student writ¬ten play, the title of which has notyet been announced; and a classiccomedy, probably Sheridan’s “Rivals.”Actors for the group will comefrom the entire Dramatic Associationand will include several veterans aswell as apprentices who showedpromise this quarter. Anyone, how¬ever, will be eligible to work with thegroup and attend the classes. An¬nouncement will be made next quar¬ter of schedule for the courses.Future CourseAnnouncement of these plans in¬dicate the future course of DA un¬der its new director, William Ran¬dall. Regular DA productions willcontinue, but in addition to them willbe included these experimental pro¬ductions every two weeks.Grant Atkinson, student head ofthe project, says, “Dramatics hasbeen stagnant at the University forseveral years. A new—a vital formof dramatic art is needed. The ASUTheatre Group tried to fill that gapand failed. We feel that this new DAis on the right track to putting dra¬ma back on the University map. Weare giving people a chance to dowhat they want to do in the theatreand also producing great plays withentertainment value.”Phy Sci SurveyHeads ResignThe Collegium Musicum, a cham¬ber orchestra and chorus devoted toBach and pre-Bach music, gives itsthird concert Sunday at 8:15 in thesouth lounge of Reynolds Club. Ad¬mission will be without charge andwithout ticket.Of special interest on the programwill be the American premiere of awork written in Paris by PerotinusMagnus in the 13th century. It isone of the earliest polyphonic choruscompositions knowm.With the beginning of Spring quar¬ter the regular orchestra will beginrehearsals on the “Requiem” byGabriel Faure which will be present¬ed under the direction of MackEvans in the Chapel on May 14. TheMusic Department is eager to haveall students playing musical instru¬ments take part in the performance.Students should indicate their inter¬est by attending any of the orches¬tra rehearsals held every Friday. Hermann 1. Schlesinger, professorof Chemistry, and Harvey B. Lemon,professor of Physics, have submittedtheir resignations as joint managersof the Physical Science survey course,although they announced that theywill continue lecturing, and plan, inthe future, to act in an advisory ca¬pacity on the management of thecourse.As managers, they have hadcharge of editing the syllabus, or¬ganizing the course, arranging forexperimental material, securingguest lecturers, and in general tend¬ing to administrative detail.Their place will be taken by Regi¬nald J. Stephenson.Int-House PresentsSacha Guitry FilmThe most famous of the Europeanrulers from 1500 to the present day,will be portrayed at InternationalHouse today and tomon’ow in “Pearlsof the Crown,” one of its foreign filmseries. The film was produced bySacha Guitry, and contains charac¬terizations of French, Italian, andEnglish personages, each speaking inhis native tongue.Two performances of the show willbe given on each day. The matineeat 4:30 will be 25 cents, the eveningshow at 8:30 will be 36 cents.Page Two THE DAILY MAROON, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1939“Slic Bmlg^iHaroonFOUNDED IN 1901MEMBER ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATEPRESSTh« Daily Maroon is the_ official studentnewspaper of the University of Chicago,publish^ mornings except Saturday, Sun¬day and Monday during the Autumn,Winter and Spring quarters by The DailyMaroon Company, 6831 University avenue.Telephones: Hyde Park 9221 and 9222.A*ter 6:80 phone in stories to ourprinters. The Chief Printing Company,148 West 62nd street. Telephone Went-worth 6123.The University of Chicago assumes noresponsibility for any statements appear¬ing in T^e Daily Maroon, or for any con-tract entered into by The Daily Maroon.T^e Daily Maroon expressly reservesthe rights of publication of any materialappearing in this paper. Subscriptionrates: $3 a year; $4 by mail. Singlecopies: three cents.Entered as second class matter March18. 1903, at the post office at Chicago,Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879.I I FOR NATIONAL AOVKRTISINO BYNational Advertising Service, Inc.College Publishers Representative420 MADISON AVE. New York, N. Y.Chicago ' Boston ’ Los Ansclis - San FnanciscoBOARD OF CONTROLEditorial StaffLAURA BERGQUIST, ChairmanMAXINE BIESENTHALSEYMOUR MILLERADELE ROSEnnsiness StalTEDWIN BERGMANMAX FREEMANEDITORIAL ASSOCIATESRuth Bri>dy. Harry Cornelius. WillintnGrody, Ernest Leiser, David Martin, AliceMeyer. Robert Sedlak, Charles O’DonnellBUSINESS ASSOCIATESRichard Caple, Richard Glasser, RolandRichman, David Salzberg,Harry ToppingNight Editors: Richard Clinton Masselland Pearl C. Rubins TravellingBazaarSpring RevivalOut of the head of Mirror petGrant Atkinson has sprung oneof the most encouraging activ¬ities ideas on the spring horizon.If the dramatics expansion plangoes through according to sched¬ule, the last remnant of the tea-party will be swept from theTower Room, and there will beno more justification for sneersat the DA’s feeble shadows ofBroadway hits.The Atkinson plan is bring¬ing some innovations into thedramatics scene. Most startling,perhaps, is the report that dra¬ma is being taken seriously,with a training school for ac¬tors and producers. Not new,but more fully developed, is theidea of student direction. Butthe best news of the wholescheme is that the informal stu¬dent-directed acting groups aregoing to put on good plays, ofthe type that an experimentalstudent group can do and shoulddo.Four plays during one quar¬ter is an ambitious undertak¬ing, but there are indicationsthat perhaps the group can car¬ry out its program. The stu¬dents in charge of it are ambi¬tious and talented and youngenough to be good activitiespeople. Dick Himmel and ClarkSergei are freshmen, Grant At¬kinson is a hardy perennial ofthe College, and the focus ofthis year’s entertaining Mirrorshow. They have two excellentactresses, Betty Ann Evans andDorothy Ganssle, whom theyhope they can call on, and trustthat they can find male talentable to measure up. They havea DA director who is cooperat¬ing by getting them Dean’s Of¬fice funds for needed equipment,and by giving them a free handto do what they like with theirrejuvenation idea. The threeleaders have every intention offollowing up this favorable leadand surprising the campus witha good theatre group.Since the ASU theatre grouphas shown signs of curtailingits activities or dropping out ofaction entirely for the rest ofthe year, there is a wide-openspace for such a venture. DAis still DA, in spite of the factthat this movement has grownout of it. It is still putting on“Mr. Pirn’’ and “The Cat andthe Canary,’’ no matter howwell it does them. It is still asmuch a social center as a seri¬ous activity.It is up to the expansioniststo make DA grow out of itself.Co-ops SpreadAs another step in spreading theCo-op movement on campus, commit¬tees are scouring the Universityneighborhood for buildings to be usedas housing co-ops. Boy Meets Girl—or the MatingSeasonWe never thought talent scoutswould be naive enough to snooparound here for recruits, but the wordis out that pretty DKE Bob Brownhas been handed a Hollywood con¬tract. Next in line waiting to be dis¬covered is Hart Perry. Think how theLashes would photograph.* * *Spring has hit our young blades.Bob Evans hung his Psi U pin onMarge Brooks (to no one’s surprise).Jack Bonniwell. who tries his darndestto be smooth (with net results of nohits, many errors) is rumored to be inthe process of trying same with MargeDillon. Harry Topping has irrevocablyacquired the habit of treking up toNorthwestern for dates. Her name isRuth Irwin; affiliation. Pi Phi. Whileman mountain Chuck Banfe and hisgal, Janet Smith, have agreed to dis¬agree.* If *According to the UP Bill Murphycame in for honorable mention on theall-star basketball team. The APclaimed Chet Murphy for the samehonor. Could the decellarized Chicagoteam by any chance have two aceplayers ?Ken Peterson and Dave Tillery,super-smooth business school grad¬uates of last year and now Big Busi¬ness men, are back in town after acourse in the Armstrong Cork Co.kindergarten.<< *Trips are the word of the day. MaxFreeman is zooming down to Florida,specifically to Rollins College in Win¬ter Park, to see A Gii’l. Jimmy Gold¬smith, Bob Greenabaum, Bill Cole¬man, Henry McWhorter, and HarryTopping will try the same trip. LewHamity was to have been a memberof this jolly bunch, but due to dearthof scholastic endeavor fall quarter hewill vacation in Harper library.A Super Snoop.Today on theQuadrangles“The Compassionate Community’’.Bond Chapel, 11:65 A.M.Graduate Political Science Club.Social Science 302, 8.Scout (and former scout) weeklyluncheon and meeting. HutchinsonCommons Private Dining Room, 12.“U. S. Foreign Policy’’. John Lapp,YWCA Lounge, 3:30.Phonograph Concert, “Der Rosen-kavalier’’ Act III by Strauss. SocialScience Assembly at 12:30.Lippmann lecture, “The Image ofman: Some Philosophical aspects ofthe modern disorder.’’ Mandel, 3:30 to5.Graduate Club of Business andEconomics. Coffee Shop, 6.Avukah .Meeting. Alumnae Room,Ida Noyes, 6:30 to 8.Christian Youth League. Ida NoyesLibrary, 7:30 to 10.Dames Folk Dancing. Ida NoyesDance Room, 7:30.Youth Committee Against War. IdaNoyes YWCA Room, 3:30.Vote on Humanities II course. Man-del, 9 to 2:30.Cap and Gown picture schedule.Cap and Gown studio in Lexingtonhall.Reynolds Club Council, at 3.Calvert Club, 3:10Iron Mask, 3:20Publicity Board, 3:30Skull and Crescent, 3:40Freshman Class, 3:50Freshman Class, 4Washington Prom Committee, 4:10Interclub Council, 4:30 Benes-(Continued from page 1)democracy in general—exaggeratedparty feeling, a press given to agita¬tion, new people in power, newlynominated, unprepared, and thereforeoften incompetent, and sometimeseven corrupt bureauracy, a lack ofproper leadership, appeared in theseMiss Chicago OpensModeling SchoolVivian La Gren, the “Miss Chica¬go’’ of Chicago’s Charter Jubilee, hasopened a local branch of her Schoolof Feminine Appeal. Miss La Grenoriginally established branches of herschool in New York and Hollywood.Her local school, located at 155 NorthClark street, is organized for womendesiring careers in fashion and photomodeling.Beauty, charm, and figure as wellas posture and walk, were the basisfor the judges’ decision in crowningMiss La Gren “Miss Chicago.’’ Be¬fore 100,000 people in Chicago’s La¬goon Theatre, Mayor Kelly per¬formed the coronation of the girlwho was chosen from 12,000 contest¬ants.Newton Edwards WinsEducational AwardDr. Newton Edwards, professor ofEducation, University of Chicago,has been named winner of one of thefour awards of the American Educa¬tional Research Association for anoutstanding study in education, theAssociation announced yesterday.Professor Edwards received theaward in the field of school organiza¬tion for his “The Courts and the Pub¬lic Schools,’’ published by the Uni¬versity of Chicago Press. The reportof the awards committee describesthe study as “a scholarly compilationand interpretation of court decisionsbearing upon various aspects of thepublic schools.’’Palmer Reviews CTSActivities in ‘Register’In the current issue of the ChicagoTheological Seminary Register, Dr.Albert W. Palmer reviews the activi¬ties of the CTS through 1936-1938.This review was previously presentedat the 28th Triennial Convention ofthe Seminary.Striking an optimist note Presi¬dent Palmer speaks of the CTS ashaving no placement problem, agrowing reputation in the studentworld and a vigorous faculty.The activities of the alumni, fac¬ulty, books written by faculty, teach¬ing methods, students, relations withother institutions are all treated inthe survey of the past three years.Doctor Palmer sums the past yearsby saying “The last three years havebeen years of encouragement and dif¬ficulty, but the difficulties have beenalmost entirely financial.’’CTS Players Give'Bishop*s Candlesticks'Journal of BusinessPublishes Trade StudyUncertainties of state fair tradelaws demand establishment of stateadministrative bodies similar to theFederal Trade Commission, RobertTannenbum concludes in the currentissue of the Journal of Business ofthe University of Chicago.Mr. Tannenbaum, instructor in Ac¬counting at Oklahoma Agriculturaland Mechanical College, received hisMaster’s in Business Administrationfrom the University of Chicago. Hisstudy is published in “Cost under theUnfair Practices Acts,’’ one of theseries of “Studies in Business Ad¬ministration’’ issued in conjunctionwith the Journal. Norman McKinnel’s play, “TheBishop’s Candlesticks,’’ is being pre¬sented today by a drama group ofthe Chicago Theological Seminary.Graham Taylor Hall is the place and7:15 the time for this play based onan incident in Victor Hugo’s “LesMiserables.”Extending an invitation to all Uni¬versity students, the Seminary Play¬ers will charge no admission. Theplay is directed by Dr. FrederickEastman and Mrs. Ruth Wassenichand will include in its cast Phil Pen¬nington as the bishop, Herbert Lor-ing in the role of the Convict, andJean Starr as the Bishop’s sister.Geologists AttendWashington MeetingDr. Norman L. Bowen, Charles L.Hutchinson Distinguished ServiceProfessor of Geology, and Dr. Wil¬liam C. Krumbein, Instructor in Ge¬ology, will be the delegates represent¬ing the University of Chicago in themeeting of the International Unionof Geodesy and Geophysics in Wash¬ington, D. C., Sept. 4 and 15, Presi¬dent Robert M. Hutchins announcedyesterday.The International Union of Geod¬esy and Geophysics is composed ofseven constituent associations, repre¬senting sciences relating to the phys¬ics of the earth. 37 nations are rep¬resented in the Union, which holdsits meetings at three-year intervals. young democracies in the most variedshapes. They compromised the insti¬tutions and the regime of democracymore than in older states or in dem¬ocracies which had stood the test oftime.’’“Responsibility for the decay ofdemocracy in Europe, if we put be¬side the fight, hatred and the influ¬ence of the totalitarian regimes intheir actnon against democracy, be¬ longs first of all to these new democ¬racies themselves.“But it falls also to a great extenton the big and older Western Euro¬pean democaries, which were not al'ways able to lead Europe wisely iiipean democracies which were not al-the tasks which the twentieth cen¬tury laid on them in their own inter¬ests and in the interests of human¬ity.”FIVE sophomores at a New England university hadbeen assigned to report on the residential districts ofa southern city, its principal products and the locationof its plantations.Hour after hour they thumbed through hook afterbook in the library—all to no avail. Tlien one of themhad a happy idea—why not telephone the city’s Mayor?They did—and in a few minutes had all the informa¬tion they needed.No matter what the question—in college, in sociallife, in business — you’ll find the telephone is oftenthe quickest, most economical way to get the answer.How about a telephone call to Dad?Rates to most points aie lowest any timeafter 7 P. M. and oil day Sunday.GRADUATION!!Won't be complete ii your pictureis not in the1939 CAP&GOWNSENIORS!!«Come to Room 16 — LexingtonBY Friday* March 10th10 A.M. . 2 P.M.}THE DAILY MAROON, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1939 Page ThreeSt. John's CollegeThe Mathematics and Science Tutorial at St. John’sBy GEORGE COMENETZThis is the third in a series of ar¬ticles on St, John’s College in Anna¬polis, Mari/land by members of itsfacuity and administration. Mr. Co-uienetz is a tutor there.Five times a week throughout theschool year the St. John’s Collegefreshmen and sophomores attend one-hour tutorials in mathematics andscience. The tutorial is a small sectionof not more than ten students. It isconducted as an ordinary drill class,with explanations by the teacher,recitations, homework exercises andtests.Euclid’s Elements, Aristarchus’ Onthe Sizes and Distances of the Sunand Moon, and books of Archimedeson physics and geometry are studiedduring the first year. Nicomachus’Introduction to Arithmetic and worksof Hippocrates on medicine are takenup more briefly outside the tutorial,in seminars. In the sophomore yearApollonius’ Conic Sections, Ptolemy’sAlmagest. Galileo’s Two New Sci¬ences and Descartes’ Geometry areread in the tutorial, and seminartreatment is given to Galen’s On theNatural Faculties, Copernicus’ On thenotations of the Celestial Spheres,and Gilbert’s On the Magnet. Thereading of these classics, a weeklythree-hour laboratory period, andeight or ten formal lectures make upthe scientific side of the St. John’sProgram for the first two years.The texts are in literal Englishtranslation, except in a few caseswhere only a condensed translationis available at present. There is timein the tutorial to study all of Euclidexcept the bulk of the tenth book,half of .Aristai'chus, almost all of theArchimedes, half of the elementarypart of Apollonius, perhaps half adozen books of Ptolemy, nearly all of(lalileo, and half of Descartes.Now what are these old booksabout?First as to Euclid’s Elements,which occupies all but six weeks ofthe first year. It was intended as acomplete introduction to mathematics,and served as just that for twothousand years. It is fundamental, inthe direct sense that each of the oth¬er authors of the tutorial books men¬tioned above takes it for granted, iThe topics are: plane geometry; the(Ireek form of algebra through quad- iratic equations; proportion, which is |closely related to Dedekind’s theory jof real numbers and is developed ax- jiomatically almost in the modern ■sense of the word; theory of numbers; |irrationals; solid geometry; the Greek ;form of calculus; and the regular sol¬ids.Week on Aristarchus |A week is spent on Aristarchus’ jbrief astronomical work, in which the \relative distances and diameters ofthe sun, moon and earth are computed !from certain simple observations by jmeans of a rudimentary trigonome-1try. IIn the remaining five weeks of thefirst year three short books of Archi-1medes are read. Two of these are on ,physics, one dealing with the princi-1pie of moments and the centers ofgravity of certain plane figures, and jthe other with Archimedes principleof buoyancy and the stability offloating bodies. The third book givesa rigorous proof of the mensurationformulas for the area and volume ofa sphere. In connection with this aproposition from the Method of Arch¬imedes is read, in which the authorreveals the very ingenious argumentby mechanics that led to his discoveryof the formulas. But he rejects thisargument as a scientific proof, thusexhibiting a keener sense for rigorthan has been posssessed by somemathematical physicists of our owntimes.The second year of tutorial work isdivided fairly evenly among Apollon¬ius, Ptolemy, Galileo and Descartes.■Apollonius begins by defining the con¬ic sections as sections of a cone, in^pace, but tnen he derives a char¬acteristic plane property for each ofthe sections and thenceforth worksonly in the plane. His method is es¬sentially algebraic rather than syn¬thetic. He obtains the standard theor¬ems about tangents, foci, poles andpolars, and so forth.Ptolemy’s first two books are aperfectly adequate mathematicaltreatment of the apparent daily rota¬tion of the celestial sphere for anytime of the year and any place on theearth. He concedes that it would besimpler to think of the heavens as atrest and the earth as rotating, but 'de¬cides against this theory on physicalPfrounds. The mathematical instru¬ment is a fully developed trigonome¬try, differing from ours by little more than the absence of a formal sym¬bolism and of logarithms. In the laterbooks that are read the exact mo¬tions of the sun and moon are de¬scribed by means of two alternativetheories, one using epicycles and theother eccentric circles. The discussionmakes appear very clearly the con¬cept of a best physical theory as onethat permits a most economicaldescription of the observables.After a long digression on cohesion,infinity, the speed of light, the fallof a body in a medium, pendulums,sound, and other topics, Galileo setsforth a series of theorems on thestrength of beams. This is the first ofhis two new sciences and the originof the basic engineering subject ofstrength of materials. The theoremsare correct, but they are proved froma false hypothesis. However theywould follow in quite the same wayfrom the true hypothesis, and this istaught to the students in a supple¬mentary lesson. The second new sci¬ence is a full description of how abody falls in a vacuum, whether ver¬tically, along an inclined plane oralong a parabolic trajectory. Whatwe call Newton’s first law of motionis clearlv stated, and Galileo even hassome idea of the second law.Problem in ApolloniusThe inspiration for Decartes’ bookis a problem in Apollonius. De.scartesgeneralizes the problem and solvesthe generalization completely, inci¬dentally inventing analytic geometry.The technique is that of our ordinaryalgebra. Negative number and irra¬tionals are used, so that here forthe first time the student meets thefull real number system.In summary, counting a school yearas 32 five-hour weeks, roughly 45weeks of the first two years may beclasified as an mathematics, 10 onj physics and 9 on astronomy. However12 or 3 weeks of the astronomical! reading might rather be called mathe-i matical.In the case of a subject like trig-I onometry there is a certain gap be-; tween the ancient formulation inI Ptolemy, and the modern formulationi which is assumed known in the laterI books. This gap is bridged by having! the students read a set of notes,I hardly more than footnotes to Ptol-! emy, in which they are introduced to: the six functions and the modern no-I tation for the principal identities andI the triangle formulas. Somethingsimilar will be done in the case ofI other subjects, analytic geometry orj calculus for example, if it is foundI necessary.j The program for the third andfourth years has not yet been put in¬to operation. The mathematics andI science tutorial will probably be ex-I tended beyond five hours a week, toj provide time for chemistry and biol-1 ogy. The authors now on the list for; the third year are Kepler, Newton,I Leibniz, Peacocks, Harvey and Boyle,j The tentative fourth year list includes Lavoisier, Dalton, Faraday, Maxwell,Joule, Darwin, Virchow, Bernard,Galton, Mendel, Cantor, Lobachevski,and Veblen and Young.The proportion of the students’time that is spent on mathematicsand science may seem unusuallylarge. It is a good deal more than isgenerally required for the B.A. de¬gree, but less than for the B.S. in imathematics, physics and some otherfields.The objection may be raised that ifthe most up-to-date textbooks wereused instead of these classics, itwould be possible in the same amountof time to train students much moreefficiently in the various sciences. Thisis true to a less extent than one wouldsuppose, particularly in the field ofmathematics. For it would be little ofan exaggeration to say that in thelast one hundred years nothing newhas turned up in courses on elemen¬tary mathematics through the cal¬culus, and it is astonishing how smalla fraction of geometry, algebra andtrigonometry is less than three hun¬dred years old.Then too, there is a certain differ¬ence between reading a grand anddignified work like Euclid’s Elementsor Ptolemy’s Almage.st, which is writ¬ten by a master and is the source foreverything that came after it; andreading a textbook written by a pro¬fessor largely out of indignation thathis students’ textbook-tribute shouldgo to outsiders, particularly consider¬ing that the outsiders were only pro¬fessors who had been moved by asimilar indignation.A unique advantage of the greatbooks is that they make great errors.Galileo deserves especial credit inthis connection. The effect on a stu¬dent’s attitude towards authority canonly be a healthy one.Finally, it should be remembei'edthat the majority of students aretaught the sciences not in order thatthey may become specialists in oneof them, but as part of a liberal edu¬cation. There is at least a fair chancethat a study of science in its develop¬ment will be better for these studentsin training their minds and in show¬ing them its place in knowledge as awhole, than the more efficient studyof the sciences as they stand today. Soapbox AppearsAgain at StartOf Spring QuarterSchool ForBRIDESApril 11 U May 23 The HHOOLofand KI6n(6Glorffled meals a deux or fo. 20 cor*rectly served. Individual Inatnictlon Inshort*cut cooklnflT* Clever manafifementof money, time and servants. MarrlaseGuidance. Day or Evening. BocAlet C.350 BELDEN AVE. LINCOLN 0927LEXINGTONTHEATRE1162 EAST 63rd St.Stanley Lambert, MKr.THURSDAY. MAR. 9Matinee Only 15c to 6:30 P.M.Maureen O'Sullivan - Lew Ayers—Plus—Charlie Ru^gles - Maxie Rosenbloom"Spring Madness""His Exciting Night"COMINGFRIDAY MARCH 10thgf HUTCHINS'TENTH YEARA SPECIAL EDITION OFTHE DAILY MAROON The Socialist Club’s magazine,“Soapbox,” appears again at the be¬ginning of the Spring Quarter, fea¬turing an article on the Socialist at¬titude on Fascist meetings and speak¬ers, referring especially to the Rosel-li incident at International House.The issue will also contain articlesdirected against campus oppositionand rival organizations, a treatmentof the Spanish situation, an articleon Marxism and Social Science, plusat least one story for general readerappeal.The Bertrand Russell-James debatealso is recorded in this issue of themagazine which has not been pub¬lished in the past year. The Club hasannounced a definite policy for thenew Soapbox, which is simply tohandle campus situations, particular¬ly of philosophical, literary, or polit¬ical nature.In accordance with this policy, theeditors have asked anyone disagree¬ing with its policies to submit signedarticles. University StudentTranscribes BachAnd if there is a reasonable doubtwhether a fair chance exists, therecan be no doubt that the new schemeshould be tried. The chorale prelude “Wir glaubenair an einem Gott” has been tran¬scribed for orchestration and will beheard over the air on Sunday, March12. The famous prelude, composedby Bach has been transcribed by El¬lis Kohs, who received his M.A. herelast spring. Presented by the FederalTheater Music Project, the programwill be heard over radio stationWNYC at 1:30 Sunday.Classified AdsEXPERT TYPING- Briefs, Mscripts., specif,speeches, confid. work, letters, envlps.;also mimeo. Reas, rates. Chicago Dor¬chester 7087.FOR SALE — Doctorate gown of wool $6.Hyde- Park 6249.IntensiveShorthandCourseFOR COLLEGE GRADUATESAND UNDERGRADUATESIdeal for taking notes at collegeor for spare-time or full time posi¬tions. Classes start the first ofApril, July, October and January.Call, vritf or telephone State 1881for complete factsThe Gregg College6 N. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO1JAY MILLSInvites You toCOLLEGENIGHTEVERYFRIDAYDUNCE TO JRY'S OWNSWEET SWtNG RHYTHMENJOY A BIG SPLENDIDALL STAR COLLEGE SHOWNEW AND SPARKLINGPROFESSIONAL SHOWMARINE DINING ROOMEDGEWATERBEACH HOTELHALF RATE STUDENT TICKETS AT PRESSBUILDING OR DAILY MAROONOFHCEPage Four THE DAILY MAROON, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1939DAILY MAROON SPORTSCTS Beats Burton-Judson forIndependent I-M ChampionshipScore 23-19 in Close] TeamGame; Free Throws Decide.Chicago Theological Seminary beatBurton-Judson last night 23-19 totake their second consecutive Inde¬pendent division Intramural basket¬ball championship.Burton-Judson led at the half, 12-8and the score remained close forabout half of the second period whenCTS got enough buckets to stayahead. The offence of both teams washeld down owing to close guardingand because Ronander and Bracken-bury, high scorers for CTS and B-Jwere way off their shots; Bracken-bury put in two goals and Ronanderthree, however, the latter made sixout of ten free shots to bring hispoint total to 14.The boys from the courts couldn'tget set and most of their shots wereone handed affairs, often from an un¬balanced position, which meant thatnone of them went in. But on the de¬fence they kept rushing the winnersallowing them only seven field goals.The margin of difference lay in thefree shots as B-J also got seven. CTSgave eight gift shots, while Burton-Judson gave up 16, 10 to Ronander,trying to hold him down.Maher Scores 9Maher was high point man for thelosers putting in three buckets fromunder the basket and three foul shots.He was followed by Brackenbury withfour points, Plunkett with three, Mar-chello with two, and Conrad with one.Zedler, the only B-J substitution wentin late in the game for Plunkett com¬ing out with four fouls, and played agood defensive game, knocking sev¬eral men to the floor.For the Theblogians Clark scoredthree points, Kaiser three and Clarkone. Clark, standing about six feetthree or four, took most of the re¬bounds off the B-J backboard.The members of both teams re¬ceived medals.Tonight at 9.i30 CTS play Phi SigFraternity champions for the Univer¬sity championship. Last year they lostat this point to DKE. Meets Alabama,Texas, Tulane Gymnasts LeaveFor Urbana inBig Ten MeetSouthern Foes ThreatenRecord of ConsecutiveVictories,When Wally Herbert takes his ten¬nis squad on the southern tour thisspring, he will be risking an unbeat¬en record for dual meets which hasbeen with Chicago for three years.The men headed into this pre-seasonschedule make up, with one exception,the same squad that won the BigTen title so decisively last year.Ranked in the order of their listing,the net squad will consist of Bill andChet Murphy, Charlie Shostrom, ArtJorgenson, John Krietenstein, andJames Atkins, the only new firststring man.Leaving on March 18 Hebert’sracket wielders will head for Tusca¬loosa, Alabama, where all the pre¬season dope floating around seems topoint to the Maroons safely ridingthe crest of the Alabama Crimsontide. This match, worrying Hebertonly because Alabama was anxiousfor the meeting, is scheduled for theafternoon of March 21. On the fol¬lowing day the Chicago entouragemeet an informal Mobile team. Con¬sisting of three men from Mobile’s Chicago’s gymnasts entertain forUrbana Saturday to participate inthe Big Ten meet, in which threeother teams, Illinois, Minnesota andIowa are entei*ed. There are only fourteams in the conference, becausegymnastics is not very profitable.The outcome is difficult to predictbecause the Maroons, Gophers andIllinois are almost equal in strength.Illinois may have an edge due to thepresence of the three best tumblersin the conference in their lineup, JoeGialombardo, National Collegiatechampion. Jim Golde, and Bill Weiss.The number of points these playerspiled up enabled the Illini to winmany of their dual meets.Beyer Is Title-HolderThe Maroons, National Collegiatechamps, are contenders because Cap¬tain Erwin Beyer is the best allaround man in the conference. Heholds several titles and won moreevents than any other man in theBig Ten. In the Minnesota and Iowameets Beyer won first place in allfive events. Glenn Pierre and GeorgeHays are counted on to score for theMaroons in the flying rings andparallel bar.If the gymnasts can win a placein the tumbling event, they can winthe meet. The tumblers seem to be im¬proving, according to recent meets.Minnesota, conference champion,does not specialize in any event butwins its meets by piling up justenough points in each. The Iowateam is going to Urbana to take inmunicipal team, the squad will in¬clude Louis Aquin, ranking man last j sights, since the Hawkeyes areyear in Mississippi, Alabama and in every division.Georgia, Lenny Floyd, who held theSouthern junior title last year, andTony Walsh, the Memphis prepdoubles leader.Meet TulaneFollowing the informal match withMobile the Maroonmen rest and getin a little practice at New Orleans,on the 23rd. Tulane’s tennis squad. The Maroons had a poor dual meetseason, losing to Illinois and Minne¬sota twice and defeating Iowa. Thegymnasts had a similar season Ia.styear, however, and managed to winthe National Collegiate champion¬ship.Six to GoThose making the trip are: Michaelled by Captain Billy Westfield and j Sniegowski, Glenn Pierre, Allen Rob-paced by the former Chinese Davis j ertson, Walter Nagler, Erwin BeyerCup team member, Guy Cheng, has [ George Hays,so much power that the outcome is ! Points are to to be awarded forunpredictable. Hebert calls it “even i second and third places insteadmoney.’’ j cf totaling the number of points of eachStill at New Orleans, Chicago’s I participant, as in the dual meets.Delta Signia PiInitiates FiveFive men were formally initiated inDelta Sigma Pi, Business School fra¬ternity, last Sunday in the library ofJudson court. Among the five wasRobert L. Dixon, assistant professorof accounting, in the School of Busi¬ness. Dixon was formerly a memberof the faculty at Yale.Students initiated include JohnGerard Cook Jr. of Grand Rapids,Michigan, Albert W. Drigot of Chi¬cago, Edward James of Chicago, andRobert Miller of Lockport, Illinois.Tennis TeamHas Gadget netmen meet the University of Texascourt aggregation the next day in theunusual role of underdog. The out¬come of this match hinges itself onwhether or not one of the Murphyscan succeed in stopping Bobby Kam-rath, U. of T’s. No. 1 man, who end¬ed the season last year ranking na¬tionally as fourteenth. Hebert finish¬es his tour at this point to bring hismen back for a little studying whenthe new quarter begins.Incidentally, the squad for this trip This scoring system helps the Ma¬roons because of the presence of Bey¬er. T„ awarding points, difficulty ofthe stunt, form, continuity and unityare considered.is made up entirely of Deke.s, PsiU’s, and Alpha Delts with theMurph’s teaming together for a DKEdoubles team, Shostrom and Jorgen¬son paired off as Psi U’s, and Kreit-enstein doubling with his Alpha Deltbrother, Jimmy Atkins.The University tennis team has a Igadget. Not content with the profi- iciency which enabled them to pull agrand slam out of the conferencemeet last year, the Maroon squad hasbegun working out with a robotwhich fires 800 balls across the netin an hour. Only one other Big Tenschool, Minnesota, uses the instru¬ment.The gadget has eight speeds for¬ward and can deliver serves, drives,lobs, and drop shots. Apparently itcannot hit an overhand smash orwhat is known to the trade as a netball.The machine also brushes up theknap on worn-out balls and can sockplacements into the corners. It hasn’tyet, however, learned to tell one Mur¬phy twin from the other.Hold Tryouts for DATryout for the Spring revival ofthe Dramatic Association, the mys¬tery drama “The Cat and the Can¬ary” by John Willard, are scheduledfor the Reynold’s Club Theatre to¬day at 3:30. # # MISS CHICAGO'S"FAMOUS SCHOOLOFFEMININE APPEALGirls WantedTo Learn Fashion andPhoto ModelingJOBS Are WaitingINTRODUCTORY COURSES AT$15 THISWEEKOur regular price is $45.00 — you canpay a> much as $70.00 for a courseelsewhere and it would be no better.DAY AND EVENING CLASSESModel for Part of Your TuitionNO REGISTRATION FEESmall Tuition FeeFREE PLACEMENT SERVICEDON'T DELAY—CAU - VISIT - WRITE"MISS CHICAGO'S"STUDIOS155 N. Clark St.Dear. 7573 Preliminary HeatsIn Track TomorroivPreliminary heats in four trackevents and one semi-final race in the1939 Big Ten Indoor track meet at theFieldhouse will be held tomorrownight.The 60-yard dash field, which in¬cludes such runners as Myron Piker,of Northwestern, John Davenport, ofChicago, Frank Kauffman, of Wiscon¬sin, and Alan Smith, of Michigan,will be cut down to 12 sprinters. Thefirst heat will be run off at 8.At 8:30 the preliminaries in the440-yard dash will be held, with com¬petitors including Tom Howells, ofOhio State, Roy Cochran, of Indiana,Ross Faulkner, of Michigan, and FredTeufel, of Iowa, will compete.Trial heats in the 70-yards highhurdles, featuring such hurdlers as El¬mer Gedeon, of Michigan, Ed Smith,of Wisconsin, John Collinge, of Iowa,and Bob Wasem, of Chicago, will berun at 9. The field will be reduced to12 contestants.The 880-yard preliminary will beheld at 9:20. At this time the field,headed by Mel Trutt, of Indiana, EdBuxton, of Wisconsin, and FrancisHogan, of Michigan, will be pareddown to nine runners. The semi-finals in the 440-yards runwill be held at 9:40, cutting the sur¬viving 12 quarter milers down to six.Fencers Favored toWin in Big TenThe University fencing team, vic¬torious in all five of its conferencedual meets against the five other RigTen institutions which compete insport, is an odds-on favorite to re¬tain its hold on the conference titlein the 1939 meet Saturday at theMedinah club.Big Ten track and wrestling meetsgoing on simultaneously on campushave made it necessary to hold thefencing event off the campus.Chicago’s surest winner is Co-Cap¬tain Ed Gustafson, Big Ten sabrechampion.WORLirsZFINESTTOBACCOSSold by your dMter. irnot.*nid10c for umpk to John MiddI*-ton, 1211 Walnut Str««t.Philadelphia, Pa.. Dept ^WALNUT Blend 30(AT STINEWAY'S ...for-BREAKFAST!WHOLESOMELY PREPARED — SPEEDY SERVICE!_ ONE FRIED EGG Completee GRILLED SMOKED HAMe TOASTED ENGUSH MUFHNe DEUCIOUS COFFEE wompiei30STINEWAY'S ON THECAMPUS• Corner 57th and Kenwood •SETTLEMENTBENEFITREVUE—featuring—1. Noel Coward's Song Hit"THE STATELY HOMES OF ENGLAND"By the Mode Quartet ofClifton Utley, Norris Tibbetts, Arthur Bovee,and Dean Charles Gilkey2. Four Original Skits3. Hill-Billy Quartet4. Spanish DancesMandel Hall - March 108:30 P.M.TICKETS ON SALE AT THE PRESS BUILDING50c - $2.00 — 90% OF PROCEEDS GO TO THEUNIVERSITY SETTLEMENT (