gPbe Batlp itaionVol. 39, No. 78. Z-149 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1939 Price Three CentsDebate UnionChangesNametoStudent ForumElects Pierre PalmerPresident for EnsuingYear.Renaming itself the University ofChicago Student Forum, the DebateUnion yesterday and the Student For¬um of today, elected Pierre Palmerpresident for the ensuing year. He willjfo into office at the beginning ofspring quarter. New cabinet officersare Marshall Hanley, Joe Molkup.Louise Landman, and Webb Fiser.“We no longer have to apologize andtry to overcome the prejudice result¬ing from a label that didn’t representwhat we were doing,” commentedGeorge Probst, retiring president, onthe change in name. According to Ed¬win Crockin, assistant debate coach,“The name Debate Union was re¬tained with some misgivings whenthe constitution was adopted on May10, 1935, when those who felt thatthe name had some tradition managedto prevail upon those who thought thename was not a true expression ofthe group’s work.”Palmer Defeats HanleyPierre Palmer, a major in politicalscience, has been active in the workof the Debate Union for the last threeyears and managed the debating endof the Union’s activities this year. Hehas also been an active member ofthe Ellis Eating Co-op. Defeated can¬didate for president was MarshallHanley.Though defeated for president,Hanley was elected to the cabinet. Hehas been active in debating for thelast two years, went on the trip toSt. Paul this year, participated in thetran.scontinental symposium withStanford University, and is an activemember of Chapel Union. Hanley willenter the law school next year. Joe.Molkup, member of Phi Kappa Psi,Political Union, the fencing team, andthe cheer leading team, and LouiseLandman and Webb Fiser, potentialsophomores, and members of ChapelUnion will also be cabinet members.Other candidates for the cabinetwere as follows: Alec Somerville, BobQuinn, Singer Anderson, Jim Engle,Joshua Jacobs, Ray W’ittcoff, ManeUhlman. Maxine Murphy, Don Ridge,and Dan Leverdige.Those wishing to see the coach andassistant coach of the former DebateUnion for the rest of the quarter mustdo so by special appointment.W AA, YWCA Elect\c‘xt Year’sOfficers TodayW.AA members are balloting fornext year’s officers in the lobby of IdaNoyes Hall today. Eleanor Coambsand Caroline Soutter are the candi-date.s for president, while KatherineHethke and Dorothy Ann Huber arenominees for the position of vice-president. Mary Blanchard will Nancy Santi for the office of.secretary. The candidates for treas¬urer are Mae Alexander and SueNull. New officers assume positionsbefore the beginning of Spring quar¬ter.YWCA holds its election of officersfor 1939-1940 tomorrow. Nomineesfor the positions are: Ruth Neuen-dorfer and La Verne Tess for presi¬dent; Betty Ahlquist atid DorothyKaton for vice-president; Edith Davisund Esther Durkee for secretary;Harriet Augustus and Dorothy AnnHuber for treasurer. Neuendorfer andHetty Ahlquist held positions on theboard last year also.As in the WAA election, all bal¬loting for YWCA candidates will beheld in the lobby of Ida Noyes hall.All women registered on campus are♦eligible to vote in this election.Mirror Board nominees are sched¬uled to be announced tomorrow. Dietolors on Wa^Lippmann; |lnterclub NamesUeciares Critical Moment Fast _ ^ , ra • iJanet Geiger rresident“The critically dangerous momentof the age we live in” passed with thepassing of 1938 and world power oftotalitarian states today is on thewane,” Walter Lippmann, noted com¬mentator on American affairs, de¬clared in a lecture last night in Man-del Hall.Speaking on “The Present Out¬look,” under the Walgreen Founda¬tion Lippmann told his Mandel au¬dience the reasons for his belief in theprobability of world peace based onevents of the last year were:First, Germany and Italy weremobilized to full war strength with¬out a war and have no further man ormaterial reserves on which to draw,while the democratic powers are noworganized and on the way up in pow¬er.Secondly, further encroachments ofGermany would mean an “offensiveRich, Art Curator,Speaks on CaugiiiFor Moody SeriesDaniel Catton Rich, curator ofpainting and sculpture at the Art In¬stitute, is qualified to speak tonighton “Paul Gauguin and Europe,” forthe Art institute has one of the out¬standing collections in the world ofmodern French art. The illustratedlecture will begin at 8:30 in MandelHall, and is sponsored by the Wil¬liam Vaughn Moody Foundation.Rich will be introduced by FrankHurbert O’Hara, Associate professorof English. Tickets may be obtainedat the Information Office withoutcharge.Arranged ExhibitsRich has contributed to many pub¬lications dealing with art and decor¬ation, among them House Beautiful,Vogue, and The Netv York Times. Heassisted the late Director Robert B.Harshe in plans for the Century ofProgress Exhibitions of Fine Artsfor 1933 and 1934 and eclited cata¬logues for both exhibits. He is alsothe editor and compiler of the Cata¬logue of the Charles H. and Mary F.S. Worcester Collection of Paintings.In collaboration with Mr. Harshe, hearranged and selected the works forthe Art Exhibition of the Texas Cen¬tennial Exposition. He also edited thecatalogue of a series of special retro¬spective exhibitions at the Art Insti¬tute including one on Delacroix in1930, on Lautrec in 1931 and onBonnard and Vuillard in 1939.He is a member of the Cliff Dwel¬lers Club, The Arts Club, and TheRenaissance Society. He attended boththe University of Chicago and Har¬vard. engagement” as against their “de¬fensive” position at the time of Mu¬nich and these powers lack the three--to-one superiority traditionally de¬manded for an offensive.Lastly, Franco’s apparent victoryin Spain really ends Italy’s and Ger¬many’s advantage rather than sup¬plies the totalitarian bloc with an im¬portant new ally.Critical Days“The critically dangerous momentof the age in which we live,” saidLippmann, “lay between September 1,when there began the panic in Britainand France that led to Munich, andDecember 1, when the French generalstrike collapsed.“During these same months the to¬talitarian states were at the peak oftheir power. During these samemonths, the democracies were no¬where near the peak of their power.“There was a chance then that bystriking swiftly and ruthlessly withthe power they had mobilized, theFascists might demoralize the Britishand French peoples before these twodemocratic nations had the time orcould muster the moral energy to or¬ganize and mobilize their potentiallygreater resources.”Experts differ as to whether Hitlercould have delivered a knockout blowthen, Mr. Lippmann said, and we maynever know, “but what we do knowis that if ever the opportunity ex¬isted to attempt the knockout blow itexisted then. 'They will never, in myopinion, have another opportunitythat is even remotely as favorable.”From a military point of view, Mr.Lippmann emphasized, the strategicsituation of the totalitarian states al¬so has radically altered since Munich—and to the advantage of the Britishand French.“The American people, for ex¬ample,” he declared, “are deeply op-(Continued on page 4)Boehner CallsMen for NewsreelSo that the leaders of next year’sUniversity Newsreel will have hadsome experience in the organization.Bill Boehner has called a meeting ofall students interested in photographyfor this afternoon at 3:30 in theBasement-rear of the Music Building.Since the heads of the newsreel aregraduating in June it is imperativefor the smooth functioning of the or¬ganization next fall that new mem-j bers be drafted into the organization.I Students who go to work on the news-I reel now will be able to help wtihthe photography for two more pic¬tures this year and will be eligiblefor positions at the head of the or¬ganization next year. Richard TawneyJoins FacultyNext QuarterDelivers Three PublicLectures on WesternEuropean Democracy.Renaissance SocietyHolds Tea TomorrowTo raise funds for needy profes¬sors in Spain, the Renaissance Soci¬ety will hold a tea and piano recitalat 4 tomorrow in the Wieboldt tearoom.Ruth Bilgray, candidate for in English literature, is thepianist. No admission will be charged,but people attending will be asked tocontribute to the fund.h'unds are also being raised by sell Richard Henry Tawney, pi’ofessorof Economic History at London Uni¬versity and recognized as England’soutstanding economic historian, willjoin the faculty of the Universitynext quarter. President Hutchins an¬nounced yesterday.A leader in British labor education.Dr. Tawney will present a series ofthree public lectures starting March29 on “Democracy in WesternEurope: With Special Reference toGreat Britain.” He will arrive in thiscountry March 27, and reach Chicagothe following day.Outstanding LaboriteDr. Tawney, a graduate of Rugbyand Balliol College, Oxford, is a dom¬inant figure in the British LaborParty. He was president of the Exec¬utive Workers’ Educational Associa¬tion foi' eight years, 1928-36, a mem¬ber of the Coal Industry Commissionin 1919, and a member of the Econom¬ic Advisory Council from 1929 to1931.While his political and economicactivities have been largely of back-of-the-scenes nature, he is regardedas one of the dozen most influentialmen in England by virtue of hiswritings, participation in the labormovement, contributions on subjectsof international relations, and hisservices to education, particularly tothe education of poor children andworkmen.His WritingsDr. Tawney’s writings include “TheAgrarian Problem in the SixteenthCentury”; “English Economic His¬tory,” “The Acquisitive Society,”“Religion and the Rise of Capital¬ism, Equality,” and “Law and Laborin China.”The specific subjects of Dr. Taw¬ney’s public lectures, to be given at4:30 p. m., in Mandel Hall, will be:“Democracy on the Defensive,” March29; “Democracy and the Internation¬al Situation,” April 5, and “Demo¬cracy and Social Policy,” April 12.In addition, he will present a coursein the spring quarter, opening March27, on “The Economic Background ofthe English Revolutions of the Sev¬enteenth Century.”“Evening in Cathay” SkilfullyDirected, Fascinating ShowBy CHRISTINE BARNESLast night at Int-House a capacityaudience was carried back to ancientclassical China by the varied, skil¬fully directed acts of this Evening inCathay. The entire evening was fas¬cinating. Since it was all weird andstrange, one couldn’t even guess whati the next act would be like until theing“fr^raf7le“‘tikets'on”a Vai^' I6th beautifully suave narrator-managercentury painting valued at $500. Thus Mr. Jamp Zee-Lin Lee stepped out tofar a little less than $1500 has been m well chosen (and I mean. , , ^-1 1 I «»lpvprM nnrflspsraised by raffle salesThe picture was brought fromSpain by Joseph Pijoan of the Artdepartment and was donated by himfor the purpose of raising money forhis Spanish colleagues.Louis Wirth LeavesCollege Next YearRecord Editor SpeaksLouis Budenz, editor of the Mid-1west Daily Record, will discuss “Re- Iactionary ‘Peace’ Front,” in Law iNorth today at 3:30.i T'he Communist jClub is sponsoring tp® "'eeting. I Louis F. Wirth will not lecture inthe Social Science I General Coursenext year. Because the Sociology de¬partment has asked him to devote hisfill time to the department he is re¬signing from the College.Wirth, an Associate Professor ofSociology, has delivered the lectureson sociology. He has been with theCollege since its organization in 1931.His resignation leaves only MissMary Gilson of the original facultyin the course. clever!) phrases.The gorgeously colored costumes ofrich Chinese silk are startling withtheir peacock blues, shining “Chineseyellows” and strange rose colors, butthey are good-looking from a Parisdesigner’s point of view, and any A-merican girl would love to wear them.Costumes Have EverythingIn the “parting scene” of “LadyPrecious Stream”, the warrior hus¬band’s costume replete with every¬thing imaginable (even four flags, fas¬tened to his shoulders, waving val¬iantly behind his head) reminds oneof the gaudy plumage of some hugemale bird whose feathered spouse isas conservatively arrayed as is LadyPrecious Stream.The Classical Orchestra—so namedby Mr. Lee—is made up of half adozen exotic looking instruments ofAncient China which are all prede¬cessors of present day instruments.Included among the instruments is a huge old brass gong which was struckoften, resounding through one’s vitalsas all Chinese gongs do. The Yang-ching, or harpischord, unfortunatelysounds like a harpischord but is in¬teresting to see in action. This harpis¬chord looks like nothing more or lessthan a three square box with pegs onit and Mr. Ling seemed to enjoy bang¬ing deftly with two long handled wirespoons on the strings strung betweenthe pegs.Melancholy SoundsThen there are two two stringedviolins which gave forth rather mel¬ancholy sounds, and the hsaio or bam¬boo flute played by the charming Mr.Sung. This flute is very simply made:plain bamboo with six holes piercedin it, and the audience was able toconcentrate all its attention on Mr.Sung’s beautiful long-fingered dex¬terity.The Pi P’a (traditional guitar ofthe ancient Chinese princes) is thebackbone of the orchestra, and whenthe expert Mr. Wei played his solo onit, “The Downfall of General Chu”,the audience nearly went wild. Mr.Wei held his lute-like instrument in avertical position with the bottom of itresting on his knee, his left handmaking the changes of pitch on theoddly spaced frets (because of the useof the 5 note scale), and his righthand thrumming like a wild thing onthe four strings of twisted silk. Announce Officers forAll Clubs for ComingYear.Another major woman’s activityelected its president yesterday as In¬ter-club Council, composed of 13women’s clubs presidents chose Jan¬et Geiger, president of Sigma, tohead next year’s activities. In addi¬tion to being president of Sigma,Geiger is Chairman of the MirrorPublicity Committee, a member ofthe first cabinet of the YWCA, aCounselor, and a member of BWO,Ida Noyes Council, the SettlementBoard, and DA. Nominations for theoffice were made by the retiringCouncil and finally voted on by bothnew and old Councils. 'The Secretary-Treasurer of Inter-Club will bechosen next quarter.MB ElectionsIn club elections, Peg Hutchinsonwas chosen president of MortarBoard, Paul Huchinson vice-president,Marion Jernberg and Betty Newhallrushing chairmen, Lurena Stubbs,treasurer, Blanche Graver recordingsecretary, Joan Lyding correspond¬ing secretary, and Caroline Grabband Donna (^ulliton marshalls.Arrian elected June Roberts presi¬dent, Elaine Roy secretary, Lois Bo-garth treasurer, Betty Lou Reichertrushing chairman, and Virginia Mil-carek social chairman. Jane Myerswill head Esoteric with Ada Steelevice-president, Beth Stephens secre¬tary, Marjorie Berg treasurer, andDoris Daniels social chairman. DeltaSigma’s officers will be Thelma Isel-man, president, Patricia Shrack vice-president, Peggy Lou Everett treas¬urer, Charlotte Ford recording secre¬tary, and Martha Pearson correspond¬ing secretary.Chi Rho Sigma chose Betty Cald¬well president, Jean Lesper vice-president, Marie Ullman recordingsecretary, Jeanne Scharbau andJeanne MacDonald corresponding sec¬retaries, Mary Harvey treasurer,Jean MacKenzie rushing chairman,and Arlene Young social chairman.Joyce Finnegan was chosen presi¬dent of Achoth, Selman Renstromvice-president, Mae Alexander secre¬tary, Hazel Cargill treasurer, andMary Grills I'ushing chairman. AnitaJean Aixher is president of Phi BetaDelta, Rosemary Martin vice-presi¬dent and Carol Wilson treasurer. TheQuadranglers elected Mary Curtispresident, Jane Anderson first vice-president, Sally Veeder and PatriciaWolfhope co-second vice-presidents,Natalie Clyne treasurer, and Mar¬jorie Strandberg, recording secretary.PDU OfficersBillie Bender was chosen presidentof Phi Delta Upsilon, Leota Baum-garth vice-president, Beatrice Frearrecording secretary, Ruth Neuendor¬fer corresponding secretary, and El-oise Husmann treasurer. MargaretJanssen is president of Pi Delta Phi,Helen Ericksen vice-president, BettyTuttle secretary, Jane Rasmussen,treasurer, Amy Haines rushing chair-(Continued on page 2)Elect Cook Head ofBar AssociationRobert Cook was elected presidentof the Bar Association yesterday forthe coming year. At the same timeFred Ash was elected vice-president,Frances Brown secretary, and DaveScheffer treasurer.The Bar Association is an organi¬zation composed of approximately200 law students. All law studentsare eligible for membership upon pay¬ment of 50 cents and all membersare entitled to vote for officers. Anymember of the association \vas eli¬gible for candidacy upon presentationof a petition with signatures of 15members. Annually the associationsponsors a spring banquet and asmoker for incoming freshmen an ad¬dition to periodically sponsoringspeakers on current topics. It alsomaintains a recreation room in thebasement of the Law school and hasintra-mural teams.Cook was secretary last year, is acompetitor on the law review, and amember of Wig and Robe. FrancesBrown is a competitor on the LawReview.Page Two THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1939founded in 1901MEMBER ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATEPRESSThe Daily Maroon is the official studentnewspaper of the University of Chicago,published mornings except Saturday. Sun¬day and Monday during the Autumn,Winter and Spring quarters by The DailyMaroon Company. 6831 University avenue.Telephones: Hyde Park 9221 and 9222.A'ter 6:30 phone in stones to ourprinters. The Chief Printing Company.148 West 62nd street. Telephone Went-worth 6123.TT»e University of Chicago assumes noresponsibility for any statements appear¬ing in Tlie Daily Maroon, or for any con¬tract entered into by The Daily Maroon.The Daily Maroon expressly reservesthe rights of publication of any materialappearing in this paper. Subscriptionrates: 33 a year; 34 by mail. Singlecopies: three cents.Entered as second class matter March18 1903, at the post office at Chicago,Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879.NATIONAU ADVeSTIBINO BYNational Advertising Service, Inc.College Publishers Representative420 Madison Ave. New York. N. Y.CHICA60 ■ BOITOS • Lot AMSILIt - SAS FSAHClSCOBOARD OF CONTROLEditorial StaffLAURA BERGQUIST, ChairmanMAXINE BIESENTHALSEYMOUR MILLERADELE BOSEBusiness StaiTEDWIN BERGM-'NMAX FREEMANEDITORIAL ASSOCIATESRuth Brody. Harry CorneH’is. WilliamGrody. Ernest Leiser, David Martin, AliceMeyer. Robert Sedlak, Charles O’DonnellBUSINESS ASSOCIATESRichard Caple, Richard Glasser, RolandRichman, David Saliberg,Harry ToppingNight Editors: Marion Gersonand Robert SedlakProfessorial UnionCardThey call it the apprentice¬ship system in the factory. Inits best aspects, it is a period oftraining at the spot where it ismost efficiently given. In itsworst aspects, it is a draggedout span of time planned tokeep the young worker fromjoining the ranks of competitorsfor positions.Corresponding to it at Amer¬ican universities we have thePhD. degree. Only the uncom¬monly good or uncommonly for¬tunate graduate is able to finda college berth without it.Whether or not he has any realinterest in scholarly research,the student who desires to enterthe field of college teaching isalmost obligated to dig his heelsinto the job of earning the de¬gree of Doctor of Philosophy inhis chosen field.The teaching profession is asmuch a vested interest as thebanking field, and from the vest¬ed interest point of view the doc¬torate is a very convenient ar¬rangement. It keeps the publicreverently convinced that onlya superhuman can become a col¬lege professor; it keeps newgraduates from flooding the col¬lege labor markets. But it alsokeeps away from college teach¬ing any number of wise andeager and talented young nien,who don’t feel that they shouldgive up any part of their lifeto the writing of a scholarly dis¬sertation on an inconsequentialsubject whose only merit maybe that no one has thought ofwriting about it before.Some graduates decide thatthe prize is worth the pain, andreluctantly devote two or threeyears to a research task forwhich they have no special apti¬tude and no special interest.They may be good teachers, butthey cannot teach in a unless they first get theirdegree. They may be good stu¬dents, but spending the samenumber of years in learning allthat they can about their sub¬ject will do no good. They mustalso find an unloved plot out ofthe world’s past to cultivate fortheir very own, and about itwrite a thesis for which no onewill ever find any use.Any glance over the list ofthesis titles on a commence¬ment program is enough indica¬tion that here lies the end re¬sult of a great deal of energywhich might have been betterspent. In rare cases there is atopic and a development of j.some significance, but in the.secases work has been done which jwould have been done because |it was good work, without the ; artificial stimulus of a degreerequirement. To a large extentthe material is scrap.The teaching and researchfunctions of institutions of high¬er learning are separate. No' matter how great a researchman a professor may be, thesource of the substance of histeaching is the study he hasmade of his field, not the re¬search he has contributed to it.On the undergraduate level atleast, the greatest efficiency inboth teaching and research liesin a greater degree of separa¬tion. Professors and studentswhose primary interest is re¬search should be allowed to de¬vote all their energies to a re¬search which would have ameaning beyond fulfillment of arequirement. Professors andstudents who want to teachshould have no stigma and nopay cut attached to their failureto turn out research projects onschedule, and should be hiredwithout regard for their lack oftalent in research.And the doctor’s degreeshould be no longer a profes¬sorial union card, but a rewardfor a significant contribution tohuman knowledge. It should bemade more rare and more de¬sirable, and it will cease to besomething that graduates mustget over with before they canfind a position.TravellingBazaar“Let me tell you,” said Grandfath¬er to his young wide-eyed listener, “ofthe tales of dishonesty, of corruption,of fraudulent electioneering thatmarked the founding of this greatAmerican republic. Those were thegood old days—when women weremade to be loved and to wash dishes,and when men were made to till thesoil, and stuff the ballot boxes.”“Hell, Grampaw, you ain't seennothing,” replied the youth who at¬tended the University of Chicago,that oasis of intellectuality in thedesert of the Midwest. “For realtraining in the backgrounds of dem¬ocratic .society, dash around ou'Quadrangles on the day of any elec¬tion. We elect beauty queens, whichmay not be beautiful, but which sureknow how to get votes—we electBMOC’s who without doubt are in¬fluential on campus, elsewise howcould they get a lot of their friend.sto fill out ballots for them. You canbrag, you old fossil, about the tricksthat were pulled in the days of AndyJack.son, and that louse Mark Hanna,but right here on our campus, theshining ray of hope—that training-ground for the leaders of the future,we got an election organization whichmakes Kelly-Nash look silly.”Look at our man Ed Goggins (youlook at him, he irritates my epitheliallining) — he gets an idea he wantsGeraldine Lane to run for beautyqueen in the Cap and Gown contest—the huge contest in which at last JohnX. Student is going to have a chanceto elect his own personal beautyqueen, BMOC, and BWOC. Now Gog¬gins, he goes out and solicits voteslike any ward heeler, he’s going toshow the guys who run the racketson campus that he can do the sameas they, even if he’s got to stuff bal¬lots like they do. He even calls upthe Daily papers before results arecounted to tell them under the alias ofJack Foster that his candidate isrunning 50 votes ahead of everyoneelse.Now the joyboy element on theQuadrangles doesn’t like this a bit—they’ve decided that they want Bar¬bara Phelps to be beauty queen. Alsothey don’t want Quayle Petersmeyer,some guy which they’ve never heardof, as biggest man on campus(though, why, I don’t know—he’sprobably a nice fellow and good to hismother) so they go out and stuff bal¬lots for the Peepeel’s candidates se¬lected by a nominating committeecomposed of Bill Murphy, Bill Webbe,Emmett Deadman, Hal Miles, PhilSchnering and others. Nominees turnout to be Bill Webbe, Emmett Dead-man, Hal Miles, Phil Schnering, BillMurphy, and others, by strange co¬incidence.This ballot stuffing, though. Grand-pop wasn’t as artistic as it’s been inthe good days of the University. Why,shucks, everybody knew that every¬one was voting more than once—ex¬cept of course, the Cap and Gown ^Rule Burton-Judson By GivingEach Man a Maid^—Meng-TzuToday on theQuadranglesZoology Club. Zoology 14, “Influ¬ence of Sex Hormones On the Devel¬opment of the Reproductive Systemin the Opposum”. Professor Moore,4:30.Public Lecture. “Living Personal¬ities of the New Orient”, Dr. SunderJoshi, Art Institute, 6:45.Minister’s Club. Swift CommonRoom, “Religious Difficulties ArisingFrom a Growing Experience”, 7.Public Lecture. “Consequences ofthe World War for the Democratiza¬tion of Europe”, Dr. Benes, Auditor¬ium Theatre, 8.Quarterly meeting of the Society ofSigma Xi. Eckhart 133, “Growth Re¬sponses to Plant Hormones”, Profes¬sor Kraus, 8.Jewish Student Foundation. “FourCoun.sels For Our Times”, Ida Noyes,3:30.S.S.A. Undergraduate Club. “Per¬sonal Experiences”, Miss S. P. Breck-enridge, Ida Noyes, 3:30.Communist Club. Law North, “Re¬actionary ‘Peace’ Front”, Louis Bud-enz, 3:30.Peace C'ouncil. .A.lumnae Room, IdaNoyes, 12:45.I Achoth. Room A, Ida Noyes, 3:30.Settlement League. Library, IdaNoyes, 10:00.Christian Youth League. Room C.Ida Noyes, 12:45.Profs DesertRostrum forBenefit Show“1939 Revue” Given Fri-day in Mandel Aids Set¬tlement.University dignitaries are appear¬ing in the “1939 Review,” to be givenat Mandel Hall Friday at 8 as abenefit performance for the Univer¬sity Settlement.Grant Atkinson, the hit of Mirror,will direct two of the skits, “TheStately Homes of England” by NoelCoward in which Dean Charles Gil-key, Clifton Utley, Norris Tibbetts,and Arthur Bovee appear; and “OurCommunity,” a satire on ThorntonWilder’s play “Our Town,” perform¬ed by Professor John Glattfeld, Rach¬el Stevenson, Roberta Kenniston, Mrs.James Stifler, Thelma Dahlberg,Agnes Smith, and Janet Bowly.Dr. Reed Directs SkitDr. Dudley Reed, director of theStudent Health Service, is the authorof another skit, “Soup and Fish,” inwhich Yenege Bailey and ArthurScott take prominent parts. The play¬ers in “The Rocking Chair,” writtenby Prudence Coulter, are JohnMoulds, Jr., Mary Sanderson, AnnaGivin Pickins, and Frances Fair-weather.Another feature, “99.90 or TheGreat Billiard Cue,” has been adapt¬ed from Stephen I.«acock’s “Q” mys¬tery by William Randall, director ofDA, who plays the lead supported byJohn Glattfeld and Howard Swan.In addition, there will be a Span¬ish dance by Libby Lindsay and per¬formers from the settlement, includ¬ing an accordian player and a Hill-Billy quartet.Tickets are now on sale in thePress Building and range in pricefrom 50 cents to $2.poll-watchers who didn’t know noth¬ing.Despite the people who voted 79times for Petersmeyer out of dis¬respect for the people’s choices, thepeople’s choices did right well bythemselves. Having had more expe-I rience at stuffing, they hustled out—they were plenty sore when they dis-^ covered that an outside candidate waspiling up quite some votes—and start¬ed a systematic job of fixing the elec¬tion. The Psi U’s did it, Grandpappy,the Dekes did it,—ask Goggins, if youI don’t believe me.Aw nuts, Gramps, I could go ontelling you stuff all night—stuflF thatwould make your eyelash wiggle—stuff that would make the spoils sys¬tem look like a Carrie A. Nationcrusade.But all that would happen is you’dget all het up about it—you’d thinkthat modern youth was packing itselfup for a long ride to hell. But itdoesn’t phaze us. We come out of ourIvory Towers every election to do it.Everybody knows it, nobody minds,and everybody’s happy! Except maybethis time, Goggins and the playfel¬lows who had to do a hell of a lot ofwork trying to get the people’schoices in. Copies of an old Jestiit Latin trans¬lation of an old, old Chinese storyappearing in the volume “Ssu Shu,Meng-Tzu” written by the Chinesephilosopher Meng-Tzu appeared inthe mail boxes of the five marriedentry heads at Judson-Burton courtsSaturday morning.The letters, unsigned, were ad¬dressed to the entry heads in Latin.In the story Meng-Tzu illustrated toa Chinese prince a requisite for thehappy state. The story with thetranslation was supplied by TomWood. “At that time there was in¬doors no maid, enduring bitterly thatshe was un-wed; out-of-doors therewas no man, w-anting of a women.O King! if you love women, love themas T’ai Wang (who it was statedeven loved his wife), bring it aboutthat no man be wanting of a womenand that no maid be wanting of aman. Then what difficulty will therePeace CouncilElects OfficersFor Year TodayThe Campus Peace Council todaymeets to elect officers for next yearand to make plans for the CampusPeace Conference to be held nextquarter. The meeting will be in roomA of Ida Noyes Hall at 12:30.The Council met last week and de¬cided to have the Conference earlyin April so that if the conferenceshould decide to sponsor a peace.strike, as last year, there would stillbe time enough to hold one on April20, the traditional date. According toone Peace Council member, thereseems to be a good chance that re¬gardless of what the Peace Confer¬ence does, there will be two opposingstrikes held this year, one hy the ex¬treme pacifist groups, and another bythe strong collective .securitists.However, the question of “to strikeor not to .strike” will not be the im¬portant issue of the Peace Confer¬ence. It is primarily to serve as aforum for the expressing and formu¬lation of campus opinion about thebest program for attaining |ieace. Inthis it is markedly similar to theModel World Conference held hereduring the Autumn quarter. be in extending your rule over alUheChinas?” The story ends with thephrase “Doth not Spring Come”?Charner Perry, married senior en¬try head, and Secretary of the De¬partment of Philosophy asked HughDavidson, Conrad Pulson, and JamesLively, residents and possible Latin¬ists for translations, a subtle way ofindicating his suspicion that they in¬dividually or jointly wrote the let¬ters. However it was not till thismornings’ “Courtier,” dorm publica¬tion, came out that the author wasfound to be Tom Wood, graduate stu¬dent in some indefinite field. Woodstated that notwithstanding possibleinterpretations he meant no impertin-ance, and absolved any one else ofpossible blame.liiterclul)—(Continued from page 1)man, and Harriet Paine social chair-man. Deltho elected Katherine Jonespresident, Josephine Kelly vice-presi¬dent, Jane Jordon secretary, and LoisGustafson treasurer.Rebecca Scott is president of Wy-vern, Frances Burns vice-president,Jean Henkel corresponding secretary,Celia Earle recording .secretary, .Mer¬ry Coffey treasurer, Violet .\danisrushing chairman, Betty Hawls socialchairman, and Dorothy Balmer mis¬tress of ceremonies. In addition toJanet Geiger being elected presidentof Sigma, Dorothy Hill was chosenvice-president, Betty Wetzel treasur¬er, Mary Burt corresponding secre¬tary, Charlotte Rexstrew recording.secretary, and Ruth Steele rushingchairman.classified AdsLOST—Parker pen between Cottxue & Ellison 68fh. Reward. Call Pull. 22.'*9.SMALL DAVENPORT—in kokI condition forsale; new slipcover, two pillow.s included.Call Dor. 6431.LOST—Red Plaide Scarf, probably in Hsrtwrearly last week. Reward. Please returnto F.dward Lindblom. Snell Hall or Ma¬roon office.LEXINGTONTHEATRE1162 EAST 63rd St.Stanley Lambert. MurMatinee Only 15c to 6:30 P.M.The only real Bar-B-Q Pit for miles aroundTOOTSY'SDelicious Old Southern Style Bar-B-Q KihsFREE DELIVERY6306 MARYLANDPLAZA 6644 WED. • TMUH.. MAH. 8 3Maur*«n O'Sullivan • Lvw Ayars"Spring Modness"—Plui—Charlia Rugqlaa - Maxia Roaanblootn"His Exciting Night"SETTLEMENTBENEFITREVUE—featuring—1. Noel Coward's Song Hit"THE STATELY HOMES OF ENGLAND"By the Male Quartet oiClifton Utley, Norris Tibbetts, Arthur Bovee.and Dean Charles Gilkey2. Four Original Skits3. Hill-Billy Quartet4. Spanish DancesMandel Hall - March 108:30 P.M.TICKETS ON SALE AT THE PRESS BUILDING50c . $2.00 — 90% OF PROCEEDS GO TO THEUNIVERSITY SETTLEMENT(THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1939 Page ThreeSt. John's CollegeThe Seminar at St. John sBy STRINGFELLOW BARR(Thin is the third in a series of ar¬ticles on St. John's College, Annapol¬is, Marglnnd, and the second by Pres¬ident String fellow Barr.)The best seminars ever held were,regrettably, not held at St. John’sCollege. They were held at Athenstwenty-four centuries ago; or if wedon’t really know how the Seminarsof Socrates actually went, than theywere published at Athens only twen¬ty-three centuries ago, as the Dia¬logues of Plato. The dialectic of theseDialogues is still the best model wepossess of conversation that is bothimaginative and intellectually re¬sponsible. If we today candidly askourselves how many times we havebeen involved in conversations thatwere comparably good, we get themeasure of our generation as dialec¬ticians. We also get some idea of whyit is difficult to organize that sort ofseminar in an American college, andtherefore of how desperately semin¬ars of that sort are needed.A seminarium was, of course, orig¬inally a seed-bed, and the Socratickind still is. In American academiclife we have used the word seminarto describe all sorts of small classesfor all sorts of purposes, and thereis certainly no law against using theword in these ways. But the modernprofessor usually manages not to letthese so-called seminars follow“whither the argument leads,” asSocrates liked them to do. The profes¬sor is not so irresponsible as Soc¬rates: in any he is not responsi¬ble to the .same things as Socrates.Besides, our intellectual tradition ispredominantly Anglo-Saxon and we.\nglo-Saxons like to settle differ¬ences of opinion for fifty cents on thedollar. We are proud of our toleranceand can keep our tempers well unless(he value of the dollar shifts for thenit is hard to .settle arguments justly.True, our respect for liberalism andfor democracy would make you sup¬pose we would ‘ be good at Socraticseminars, because nothing is so dem¬ocratic as a well conducted argument,ami arguments are not well conductedby those who cannot use the liberalarts. .Moreover, Parliament and Con¬gress look like places for debate andfor the appeal to reason. We still callthem deliberative a.ssemblies. But wedon’t mean it in the .serious way Jef¬ferson meant it. That is why hethought they could not survive with¬out the support of liberal education.Me believe they need only informa¬tion, and we have discovered thatcounting noses and opinions is quick-ei and more practical th'an weighingarguments in the light of reason. Inthat sense we have developed democ- group. He might start telling jokes,or indoctrinating, or bludgeoningyoung persons over the head withspecialists’ terminology, or any oneof a dozen of the things professorscommonly do when they lead a stu¬dent discussion without being chap¬eroned by a colleague.* ♦ •A good seminar is likely to make amonkey out of somebody, either a stu¬dent or an instructor, by pushing himinto a position he can’t get out ofwithout backing out. It is good forstudents to be made monkeys of, andinstructors too. Without being dog¬matically Darwinian, one may hazardthe statement that you can’t becomea man, at least not intellectually,without being a monkey first. Or,otherwise stated, you can’t hope tothink very straight until you havediscovered through actual experiencein dialectic what happens to you whenyou think crooked. And when you findout something through a tight argu¬ment, you find it out quite differentlyfrom the way you find it out by beingtold it, and by writing it in a note¬book, and by reviewing the notebook,and by .standing an examination onwhat was told you.A good seminar is to a classroomrecitation what a good game of tennisis to gymnasium calithenics. A goodseminar ought to result in the ca¬pacity for intellectual play, in the freeplay of the intellect. It ought to resultin a mind that can operate under itsown steam, that can enquire vigor¬ously and persistently and humbly,and courageously. It should teach aman to speak clearly and forcefully,and it should help teach him to writeclearly and forcefully too.* * *If in addition, over a period of fouryears, he has acquired a knowledge ofthe greatest books his civilization hasproduced, and a kind of knowledgewhich reading without di.scusslon andargument can rarely give, then he willhave claimed the intellectual heritagethat is by right his, that belongs toeach of us in so far as each of usunderstands it and belongs more in¬timately than a bank account belongs.And he will therefore have been res¬cued from the cultural bastardy forwhich the average American B.A. isso justly famous and of which he isso strikingly proud.There are five seminars at St.John’s, meeting Monday and Thurs¬day evenings. One is for the smallgroup of sophomores who chose to en¬ter the ancient “New Program” inSeptember, 1937, instead of the “OldProgram” or elective system. Fourare for freshman: beginning last Sep-tein’oer all freshmen enter the New Ethics Reviews |Adler’s Book, ‘ArtAnd Prudence’“The corruption of students whohave been indoctrinated by socialscience is plain to any teacher of phil¬osophy,” says Mortimer Adler, Meta¬physician-extraordinaire in his book,“Art and Prudence, A Study in Prac- itical Philosophy” which is described !at great length in “Ethics,” a philos¬ophy magazine published by the Uni¬versity Press.“The book is interesting,” says thereviewer, “if we extend the use of theword interesting to include feelingsof approbation, amusement and ir¬ritation.”The book deals with the moral,political and aesthetic aspects of themotion pictures. This is done by ex¬pounding the views of Plato andAristotle together with the supple¬mentary doctrines required by thefact that Christianity “adds one di¬mension to the problem” and demo¬cracy adds another. Christianity isspecifically represented by St. Thom¬as Aquinas and Bishop Bossuet whiledemocracy has for its spokesman J.J. Rousseau and John Dewey.According to “Ethics,” Adler de¬scribes Rousseau as a “muddled Pla-tonist” and “John Dewey is describedas essentially Aristotelian, so muchso that it is surprising that he hasnot realized this agreement himself.This Aristotelianism consists mainlyin recognizing that the people oughtto have amusements.”Program. The freshmen are being tu¬tored in language—Greek is the lang¬uage for the first year—five morningsa week. They are being tutored inmathematics—Euclid at present—fivemornings a week. They go to labor¬atory one afternoon a week. Theyhear one or two formal lectures aweek, either by members of theirown faculty or by visiting lecturers.In addition, they read the “greatbooks” and discuss them in their |seminars. As I write this, they have jjust finished Thucydides and Platoand are embarking on Aristophanes !and Aristotle. They will be reading, jand discussing Greek works all year, jThe sophomores read Latin authors |last fall; they are reading medieval :authors now. Next year, they will bereading the great works of the Ren- |aissance and later. In their senior |year, they will be reading the nine- Itenth and twentieth centuries. Dur- |ing all four years, twice a week, they jwill be discussing their reading in |seminars. I suspect they would pre- jfer to discuss them with Socrates; |but we on the faculty are doing what |we can. And it is an exhilaratingform of teaching to attempt.SPRING VACATIONracy beyond Jefferson’s wildesttlrcains. And we have drawn the rightinference from our hypothesis: ourcolleges need no longer concern them¬selves with the liberal arts; we usethem for the more serious purpose ofdisseminating information.« * «A Socratic .seminar is still a seed¬bed. It is a place where ideas germin¬ate. It therefore involves a more dif¬ficult process than commonly takesplace in a class-room. It is a conver-•sation, and it ought not therefore tobe a lecture. By the same token, al¬though its most powerful teaching de¬vice is the question, it ought not to bea recitation. It is not essential thateveiy member of the group say some¬thing. Its democracy consists not inthe right of each individual to sayanything that comes into his head,without having to defend his opinion.It consists precisely in the fact thateverybody’s opinion has to undergothe same ordeal by argument. But itis not a debate in the usual sense;since the object of the game is not tohold a position by rhetoric but to finda position by logic, one’s own and oth¬er persons’.Two evenings a week, for twohours, we hold semifJars at St. John’s.They are not as good as those whicSocrates held, but their intention iihe same. To minimize failure, wtake certain obvious precautions. Thsubject for discussion is alway''orth di.scussing. We wouldn’t trustt'ivial subject, even with Mark Hopi^'ns on the end of a log, or on thend of a limb. The subject is alwayone of “the hundred great bookswhich the required readingef the St. John’s Pi'ogram. You cabe trivial, of course, even aboutthreat piece of writing; but you havn better chance not to I’elapse inttiiviality. Then, eacl^ seminar has aleast two instructors to lead it, froidifferent “fields.” We\youldn’t trusone professor alone such POTAWATOMI INNPOKAGON STATE PARK ON LAKE JAMESIndiana's Newest and Finest State Pork and Hotel.. .WonderfulFood.. .Beds a Mile Deep.. .Steam Heat.. .Craft Shop WhereGuests Work at Their Hobby.. .Indoor Game Room.. .Archery.. .Bicycle.. .Shuffle Board etc. We'll take you to a "SugarBush" to See Where Maple Syrup Comes From.RATES: $3.50 and $3.75 per day. per pereon, American Plan (room and meals).Just think, a whole week for $24.50 to $26.25. 5% reduction lor live full days,Mon. to Fri. or longer, until May 15th. Auto Route U.S. 20 or U.S. 27 to AN¬GOLA in Northeastern Indiana. New York Central Trains meet at WATERLOOor ANGOLA. Greyhound or Shortway Buses to Angola.Write lor free "FUN MAP"Ben F. Swenson. Mgr. Phone, Angola 232DEADLINEThursday and Friday Are the Last DaysSENIOR AND CLUB PICTURESRoom 16f Lexington Hall - 10-21939 CAP and GOWNSubscribe Now — Going Up To $4.50 Freshman SurveyProposed Hum. II DA’ers Try Out forSpring ProductionThe Freshman Class is distributingquestionnaires on the proposed Hu¬manities II course today to all stu¬dents who are now taking Humani¬ties or who have completed the coursein the past.Questionnaires will be distributedin Mandel Hall until 1:30. Includedin this questionnaire are three pro¬posed plans for a Humanities IIcourse. One plan proposes a com¬pulsory two-year course, the firstyear devoted to History and the sec¬ond to the study of fine arts. Anotherplan advocates that the first year re¬main unchanged and the secondyear be a non-compulsory surveyof music, fine arts, and literature.Third proposal is that first year re¬main unchanged, while the secondyear will consist of a greater varietyof readings and a concentrated, sep¬arate study of each of the fine arts.If the student agi’ees with none ofthe three plans, he may substitute aplan of his own.Read the Maroon Tryouts for the spring revival willbe held tomorrow at 3:30 in the Rey¬nolds Club theatre, William Randall,director of the Dramatic Association,announced last night. The vehiclechosen by the play reading commit¬tee is the mystery drama, “The Catand the Canary” by John Willard.The committee which selected theplay, to be produced in Mandel Hallon April 7 and 8, was headed by Are-ta Kelble, with Dorothy Ganssle, DonSieverman, Bob Cohn, and Dick Salz-mann assisting her.Our regular price is $45.00 — you canpay as much as $70.00 lor a courseelsewhere and it would be no better.DAY AND EVENING CLASSESModel lor Part ol Your TuitionNO REGISTRATION FEESmall Tuition FeeFREE PLACEMENT SERVICEDON'T DELAY—CALL - VISIT - WRITE"MISS CHICAGO'S"STUDIOS155 N. Clark St.Dear. 7573"MISS CHICAGO'S"FAMOUS SCHOOLOFFEMININE APPEALGirls WantedTo Learn Fashion andPhoto ModelingJOBS Are WaitingINTRODUCTORY COURSES ATTHISWEEKCOMINGFRIDAY MARCH 19lh."HUTCHINS'TENTH YEAR"A SPECIAL EDITION OFTHE DAILY MAROON0Page Four THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 8, 1939FD R!s Most-Telephoned AmbassadorWHO KNEW all the answers when that new Armybomber crashed, with a French Air Ministryofficer in it? Who knows all the answers when thePresident uses the transatlantic telephone for feed-box tips on the latest European crisis? The answer is:William C. Bullitt, who went from Social Register toCongressional Record. Read his story in your Posttonight. First of two articles.«sXv<HE ROSE FROM THE RICHby Jack Alexander# Hollywood? A genial madhouse. AndPatterson McNutt knows all its cockeyedangles. In the Post this week he writes anamusing story of that fabulous land, whereturning out a flop picture can even be en¬joyable—if you can make somebody elsetake the rap for it. Watch closely and ob¬serve a new Hollywood feature: the doubledouble-cross!One Big Happy FamilyA Hollywood Storyhy PATTERSON McNUTTBig Ten Wrestling MeetBegins in Bartlett Gym FridayRepresented;Favorite. IndianaAll Conference Teamsjjff; Table TennisTeam Plays atWheaton TonightBy DAN MEZLAYBartlett Gym will be filled withwrestlers from every school in theconference Friday and Saturdaywhen the Big Ten Wrestling meettakes place. The elimination of thegrapplers who are not of champion¬ship caliber will occur on Friday, at2 and 7:30, and those who run thegauntlet of the survival of the fittestwill square off at 2 Saturday after-noon. Phi Sigma DeltaWins FraternityChampionshipThe Reynolds Club table tennisteam in its first match of the seasonMichigan won last year and man¬aged to remain undefeated this sea¬son and therefore is considered to bea strong contender for the title.Coach Vorres, however, expects In¬diana to win despite the fact that theHoosiers lost to the Wolverines.Hoosiers ExperiencedHis contention is justified becauseIndiana’s only defeat resulted fromineligibilities and the flu. In addition,Indiana has several wrestlers whichhave been grunting and tugging forabout ten years and seem to knowjust what to do in any situation.According to Vorres, the Hoosiers 'are exceptionally strong in the 128,135, 155, 165, and 175 pound classes Iand will cop at least three first places |and the same number of second and |third places in these events. He says !that the strength of material that the ;Hoosiers have is due to the fact that ithe wrestlers are offered jobs which ,in most cases, are jobs in name only.Michigan a Close Second |Michigan is considered to come ina close second by the Maroon coachwith wins in the 175 pound class andthe heavyweight division. The Ma¬roons have had a fair season but arenot expected to be a serious titlethreat.The grapplers won seven meetsand lost six during the season. Inconference meets, the wrestlers wonbut one out of six. The Maroons de¬feated Morton Junior College, 73-0;lost to Wheaton 5-29; defeated Nor¬thern Illinois Teachers College, 24-1/2-9^; defeated Morton Junior Col¬lege, 21-15; defeated Illinois Normal,27-13; lost to Northwestern, 15-21;defeated Herzl Junior College, 25-13;defeated Northern Illinois Teachers,27-5; lost to Purdue, 12-14; defeatedPurdue, 16-14; lost to Northwestern,11-19; lost to Wisconsin, 13-19, andlost to Michigan, 6-22.Chicago’s probable lineup will be: i121, George Morris; 128, Art Parme-|lee; 136, Bill Thomas; 145, Colin jThomas; 155, Willys Littleford; 165, |Clayton Traeger; 175, Ed Valorz, and |heavyweight class. Bob Brown. | plays Wheaton College tonight atWheaton. Wilkens, Greenburg, Tish,Dougherty, Green, and Ross, alter¬nate, make up the team that waspicked from the top five men in a12 men round-robin tournament lastweek. The team represents, officially,the Club, but as the University hasno other table tennis team it passesoff, more or less, as the Chicagoteam.IM Tournament FinalsThe semi-finals and the finals of theReynolds Club-Intramural table ten¬nis tournament will be played tomor¬row afternoon at 3 in the Club gameroom. Wilkens competes against Finnin one semi, 'and Greenberg againstRoss in the other. Phi Sigma Delta has some goodbasketball players and a couple ofgood basketball teams. They won theFraternity division I-M tournamentlast night by trouncing Phi Delt, 22-9, and their “B” team was nosed outof the “B” league championship byAlpha Delt, 20-19. of the time while they made theirbuckets on short shots. Perry andRunyon each chalked up six pointsfor the winners, followed by Millerwith four and Tully and Dean withtwo each.The latter game was far the bet¬ter of the two, the score being closeall the way and the Alpha Delts win¬ning only in the last few seconds of jplay. With tw'o minutes to go andAD Phi leading, 16-13, Grossman 1sunk a side arm shot, putting Phi jSig one point behind. Immediately jafter, Runyon scored two points for |Alpha Delt. followed by a Phi Sig ibucket by Hirch, an Alpha Delt short 'shot by Perry, and Norian’s fifthgoal for the losers. Norian’s 10 pointswere made with under hand shots justinside the half line, that draped thebasket every time. In the tournament championshipgame Phi Delts Theta couldn’t findthe basket, scoring three points inthe first half and six in the secondwhile Solly Sherman tossed in fourof his usual flying shots. His mottois, “Never shoot with your feet onthe floor if you can help it.” Schatzput in three buckets and a free throw,Fink a couple of goals, Ury tw’o foulshots and Harris one.Game Is FastThe game was fast, the play brokeup and down the floor often beforeeither team could shoot. Dale Ander¬son dribbled through the Phi Sigsseveral times but missed his shots,and wouldn’t pass to team-mates.Williams, Anderson, Baumgart, Far-well, Malmquist, Brown, and Ma-haney played for the losers. Schatz,Harris, R. Harris, Sherman, Ury,Fink, and about ten men on the side¬lines played for Phi Sig.Zone Defense WorksThe Alpha Delt zone defense keptPhi Sig out from the basket most Alpha Delt and Phi Delt receivedtheir trophies after the game.Tonight CTS and Burton-Judsonplay in Bartlett for the IndependentI-M Championship. The winner of IRNDKCICNIEF TESTPROUESNiilOl SURDKEEPS VITM. ZONESPOTLESSAlways clean andfree from goo nomatter how oftenyou smoke it. Chal-lenging higher*priced pipes in briarquality and value, iSports in the NewsSports figure heavily in the news Ithis coming week-end with five Big jTen meets scheduled. The home meets jare track in the Fieldhouse, wrestling |in Bartlett gym, and fencing at the iMedinah Athletic Club. Out of town |meets are swimming at Lafayette jand gymnastics at Urbana. iLippmann—(Continued from page 1)posed to sending another army toEurope. The British people are op¬posed to sending another army to thecontinent. The French people are op¬posed to sending an army to EasternEurope. What is true of them is alsotrue of the Germans and the Italians.“The Germans and Italians can beforced to fight outside their frontiers.But they would do so unwillingly, hat¬ing it, and unless victory came quick¬ly, they could not be depended uponto keep on fighting.”Mr. Lippmann said his view thatFranco’s victory in Spain will not beto the advantage of Italy and Ger¬many is based on the fact that theSpanish civil war was an ideologicalwar which deeply divided public opin¬ion in all democracies and that thedemocracies can “do more” for Spainnow than can Italy and Germany.“There is no evidence that GeneralFranco is a fascist as Hitler andMussolini understand fascism,” Mr.Lippmann said. “General Franco hasruled three quarters of Spain formore than a year, and he has notcreated a totalitarian state. No doubthe will convert his dictatorship intoan authoritarian regime, but since theregime is almost certain to be cath¬olic, monarchist and military, it willnot be fascist in purpose, spirit, orsocial organization.” WHAT! Civil Warsoldiers raiding atourist camp!In 19397 Yes, it can happen here. And all be¬cause of a honey-colored blonde named Angel,and her vanishing $500 trousseau. Up to then.Prof. Lysander Markham had been sure theCivil War was over. Here’s a story one parthistorical, three parts hysterical.Custer *s Cavalry Rescues Uncle Birchby ROYCE HOWESie DETROIT BUYS A $100,000 ROOKIE. And what hurts, theTigers had him earlier on a $5,000 option—and let hint go! In One RookieThey Won't Forget, Paul O’Neil tells you about the 19-year-old wonder boywho is still a mystery to major-league dopesters.•k MARY ROBERTS RINEHART describes a day in the life of a writer,and stuns it up for you in three words: Writing la Work.k W.SOMERSET MAUGHAM talks this week about You and SomeMore Books. He gives you his favorites—this time among writers of France,Spain and Russia, whose stories are worth reading.’A'AND.. . three lively short stories. The Cicadas Sang, by Stuart Cloete;Crank Ship, by Richard Howells Watkins, and Mrs. Cupid, by Brooke Hanlon...'A' PLUS articles, editorials, fun, and cartoons in the Post this week. “SUBMARINE MAIL”Spains odd war forstamp-collectors* moneyBecause freak stamps bring fancy prices,Spain’s Loyalists eng^eered a neat money-raising exploit—submarine mail. A writer whoaccompanied the first cargo describes thathazardous trip through Franco’s plane andtorpedo-boat blockade.Stamp War by werner keuTHE SJlTUimEY EVENING POST