They FindFacts♦ ♦ *J. Fred RippyEx-I’resident Benes of Czechoslo¬vakia may be right in believing thatAmerica is the last stronghold ofdemocracy and freedom, but acrosstwo-thirds the area of the Americasthe characteristic form of govern¬ment for more than a century hasbeen dictatorship. And today, ac¬cording to J. Fred Rij>py, professorof American History, 10 of the 20Hispanic-American countries stillhave such a government.Rippy is engaged in a study of 50dictators since 1820, representingevery Latin-American country. Hehas already spent about three yearson it and believes it will take himeight to ten more. The best sourcematerial for the study consists ofdiplomatic reports which are nowin the archives of Washington. Lon¬don and Paris.♦ ♦ ♦dictators have been common inHispanic-America because the peo¬ple have been uneducated and inex¬perienced in democratic processes.Hippy found that the degrees of ac¬tual democracy in the different coun¬tries were roughly correlated withthe education and racial make-up ofthe populations. Countries in whichwhite j»erson8 predominate tend tohave btdter governments than thoseill which the Indians and Mestizosmake up moat of the populations,fo-ta Rica, for instance, which isalmo.-t entirely white and also has a gnbe Batlp i^anicmVol. 39, No. 34. Z-149 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1938 Price Three .CentsChurches SponsorSpecial ServiceFor ThanksgivingGibson, Gilkey Speak inRockefeller MemorialChapel Tomorrow.A special community Thanksgivingservice under the auspices of theCouncil of Hyde Park and KenwoodChurches begins at 11 tomorrow inRockefeller Memorial Chapel. GeorgeGibson, new pastor of the UnitedChurch of Hyde Park, is deliveringthe sermon; while Charles W. Gilkey,Dean of the Chapel, will make theoffering. Under the direction of FredCronhimer, organist and choirmaster,the Parish Choir of St. Paul’s Epis¬copal Church is singing.The Reverend Ralph Hall Collispresides over the Council of HydePark and Kenwood churches which,since its organization in 1911, haspresented Thanksgiving and GoodFriday services every year. Membersinclude St. Paul’s Episcopal Church,the First Unitarian, the Hyde ParkMethwiist Episcopal, the Hyde ParkBaptist, St. James’ Methodist Epis- Chapel UnionHears DailyRecord Editorlist church, the Hyde Park YMCAand YWCA. Others are the Kenwoodfan ly e«iuitable distribution of wealth, | copal, the Temple Isaiah Israel, theha.s an ideal democratic government ; Church of the Redeemei% h irst Bapat present. jVenezuela, Bolivia and Guatemalahav,. had the »orat eovernmenU of ,th, 20 «;*"<"«■. included m the Universitystudy fcxtco and Paracuay, llUciplea, and theonly aluthUy better. Coata «"<!. chapel.Columbia both have excellent eovern-, collection will benients now and Chile and Araentina j between the South Side Childhave been democratic of their history.There has been no permanent long-run trend toward or away fromdemocracy, according to ProfessorRippy. Although the gradual im¬provement of education has had<ome influence in this direction, itha.s been offset, until the last yearor two, by the effects of the depres¬sion and European dictatorship ideo¬logies. Paraguay and Bolivia estab¬lished dictators under the influenceof these ideologies for a short time,but have disappeared.At present, however, the Europeandictators are influencing these coun¬tries in the opposite direction. “Ithink nationalism will smother thetotalitarian sentiment among smallnations,” Rippy declared. Many ofthe latter have been frightened bythe aggressive attitude of the Euro¬pean dictators, and are beginning tofear for their national security.• • •Eurof)can dictators Rippy charac¬terized as being demagogic and mili¬taristic; Latin-American dictators,as being feudal and militaristic. Thelatter get their support from thewealthy. In the past, they haven’thad well-equipped armies, but thisi" being rapidly changed. Hereafter,practically the only way to over¬throw such a government will he towin over part of the army, since theorganizing and fitting out withiiKKlern equipment of a new’ armyA ill be prohibitively expensive.One characteristic of all these dic¬tators is that invariably they workedthrough nominally democratic formsof government. Most of them werepresidents for life and some evennamed their successors. They werefond of medals, uniforms, ribbonsam! titles such as “His Most SereneHighness” (Santa Anna, Mexico);and "Illustrious American” (GuzmanBalanco, Venezuela). About ten percent were assassinated, many wereexiled and most of them died rich.I’rofe.ssor Rippy divides them intotwo broad groups, those who wereconstructive and those who merelywanted to stay in power. The formerattempted u.sually to improve educa¬tion, sanitation, transportation and•sometimes working conditions.* * *By 1825 all the Latin-Americancountries had won their independencefrom Spain and Portugal, and dic¬tators—most of whom had originallybeen liberators—uniformly succeededthe viceroys. Chile, in 1837, was thefirst nation to become democraticand it was not until 1870 that anoth¬er country, Argentina, followed suit.For the next 60 years there was agradual tendency toward democracyon the two continents, a tendency thatwas sharply reversed about the be¬ginning of the last depression. Even^Chile and Argentina slinned back in-dictatorshin for ei^ht or ten years(Continued on page 2) Guidance Center and the Hyde Parki Neighborhood Club. A brief carillon! recital by Frederick Marriott pre-I cedes the service.Wright HeadsAAUP ChapterAt UniversityQuincy Wright, professor of Inter¬national Law, was elected' last weekto the presidency of the Universitychapter of the American Associationof University Professors. He fills apost vacated by Harry 1). Gideonse,who is now teaching at ColumbiaUniversity. Marshall Knappen, a.sso-ciate professor of History, is the newsecretary-treasurer, replacing Wil¬liam Edgerton.At the meeting, a report on tenta¬tive arrangements regarding securityof tenure in the national academicworld was discussed. Before any na¬tional action is taken there will bediscussion and ratification by alllocal bodies. The local chapter lastspring issued a report on problemsof tenure at the University. Lewis Budenz, editor of the Mid-West Daily Record, Communist news¬paper, will speak before the ReligiousProblems Group of Chapel Union on“Communism and Christianity To¬day” Sunday evening at 7:30 in DeanGilkey’s home. At the same time. Pro¬fessor Anton J. Carlson will lead aChapel Union discussion on the gen¬eral topic of “Freedom of Speech,” inhis home.Budenz is the third in Chapel Un¬ion’s series of speakers on religiousproblems. Dean Gilkey gave the firsttalk on Christianity and Max Rhein-stein followed with a discussion ofFascism. Dr. Ernest C. Colwell, as¬sociate professor of New Testament,will present the fourth in this seriesnext week. In this way, the differentexisting beliefs today are presentedand their relative value discussed.Discuss Freedom of SpeechAt Dr. Carlson’s discussion in hishome at 5228 Greenwood, the subjectof freedom of speech will be dis¬cussed from a political viewpoint. Thequestion of whether or not the rightof freedom of speech should be pre¬served to those who would take itaway if they were in power will beone of the major issues involved.Today at 3:30, the Race RelationsCommittee will meet in Ida NoyesHall to continue their discussion ofthe Negro and his problem. A grad¬uate Negro student will be on hand topresent the case. 450 Couples Dance in GoldRoom of Congress Tonight atAnnual Interfraternity BallAnalyze Roosevelt,Cordozo in FirstLaw Review IssueGregory of University,Carey of NorthwesternContribute Articles.'The two leading articles in the firstissue of this year's Law Review, outDecember 1, are “Cordozo the Crafts¬man,” an analysis of Cordozo’s legaltechnique, by Professor Walton H.Hamilton of the Yale Law School, and“Public Papers and Addresses ofFranklin D. Roosevelt,” an evaluationof Roosevelt policies, by rfarold J.Laski, professor of Political Scienceat the London School of Economics.Among the other contributions arean article by University Law Profes¬sor Charles O. Gregory, entitled“Proximate Cause in Negligence—ARetreat from Rationalization”; astudy of Illinois cases on a difficult fu-ture interest problem, “Implicationsof Cross Limitations” by Homer F.Carey of Northwestern University;“Exterior Treason,” a comparativecriminal law study of the variousways in which European countrieshave dealt with crimes which en¬danger the international position ofthe state. ’This last article is timelyin view of the recent Nazi exposuresand indictments in this country.In addition there is the usual stu¬dent work in the book review section. Johnny Hamp and HisOrchestra Play forDancers.Negroes Building Black CityIn Chicago, Survey ShowsSend StudentsQuestionnaires onNew Bi Sci ExamSeek to Determine Opin¬ion of Class on . OptionalPlan.Student who took the new form ofthe Biological Sciences comprehen¬sive examination have been sent elab¬orate questionnaires to determinetheir opinion on the advisability ofcontinuing to use the new exam.'This comprehensive, which was firstgiven last June, and repeated in Sep¬tember was divided into a morning“basic” section and an afternoon “ad¬vanced” section. Students could eithertake just the basic part only andmake grades of “C” or lower, or alsotake the advanced section in an en¬deavor to raise their grades withoutdanger of lowering them.Check Different ArgumentsIn the questionnaire students areasked to check several arguments forand against the new exam as validand important, valid but not impor¬tant, or not valid. They are supposedto make their decisions on the basis ofcomparison with exams in other sub¬jects and copies of former Bi Scicomps.OWL AND SERPENT(1938-1939)Hoold W. MU«Edward N. RoMnheim By ROBERT SEDLAKThe story of how the Negro hasbuilt a city within a city, parallel yetseparated by social taboo, is slowlybeing revealed in a Chicago WPAproject conducted by Horace R; Cay-ton, W. Lloyd Warner and graduatestudents in the department of An¬thropology.“The Negro has developed a cul¬tural life of his own, especially with¬in the last 20 years,” declared schol¬arly Cayton, who directs the projectat the Good Shepherd Church in theNegro district. “His economic life istied up with that of the white man.Otherwise to a large extent his life re¬volves in a plane of his own making,similar to that of the white, but on alower economic level.”Many Enter Professions Here“The Chicago Negro feels superiorto the Southern Negro. His educationand standard of living are better. Soare his wages. Many more have en¬tered the professions here than in theSouth. And the need for professionalmen will increase when the economicconditions of the race are better.”The study, begun in 1936, will re¬quire about two and one-half yearsmore. It is one of the most exhaus¬tive ever to be undertaken by socialanthropologists in an effort to studysatisfactorily the Negro, his com¬munity, and his relations with thewhites.“Despite a i-elative advance in hiseconomic status, the Negro in Chi¬cago is living under tremendous diffi¬culties which affect his attitude to¬ward himself and toward the whites,”the investigator stated.Unemployment hits the Negro dis¬proportionately. He generally is thefirst to be laid off, the last to be re¬hired because his work is generallyunskilled, his seniority rights areleast, and his work for the most partis non-unionized."The results of all this are incal¬culable,” Cayton declared emphatical¬ly.” Morale is shattered. Crime in¬creases. Marriage rates fall. Y’oungwomen are forced into vice.Population Increases“Housing is an equally importantand related problem. In 1900 therewere only 30,160 Negroes in Chicago.In 1934 the Negro population herewas 236,306. Yet living conditions j have become increasingly worse.”The Black belt extends from Cer-mak road south to 63rd street. Northto 39th street the houses are at thedeterioration level and are not beingrepaired by the white owners who in¬cidentally control 90 per cent of BlackBelt property.“The Negro who wants to live de¬cently tries to live south of 39thstreet,” Cayton said. “The area shouldcontain only 140,000 people. Thepopulation there today is 190,000.Many families live together in one-room apartments, children andadults all sleeping together. And ab¬sentee landlords are continually rais¬ing rents because there is no otherplace to go.Brothels Replace Home-Life“Many times families are turnedout to make place for brothels, pa¬tronized mostly by whites, which canafford to pay higher rents. And, of¬tentimes, decent people are compelledbecause of the shortage, to live inthe same building.“Poor health is rampant among theNegroes,” Cayton declared. “To everyone white man stricken by tubercu¬losis there are five blacks. This is dueto overcramped, unsanitary housingand poverty.”Contrary to popular opinion, ac¬cording to Cayton, Negro populationis not increasing. The biggest social event of the Au¬tumn Quarter will be held this eve¬ning when over 450 couples attend theannual formal Interfratemity Ball inthe Gold Room of the Congress hotel.The dance will last from 10 to 2. John¬ny Hamp and his orchestra will fur¬nish the dance music, and will alsoput on a few of their noted specialtyacts.Those attending the Ball will havethe exclusive use of the Casino Bar,and the other arrangements will bemuch superior to those of last year’sBall, the Interfratemity Committeeannounced yesterday. The checkingfacilities will be more adequate, theentrance to the ballroom will be lesscrowded, and there will be five dif¬ferent lounges easily accessible.Announce Winner of BidThe Cap and Gown will announcethe winning freshman in its subscrip¬tion contest at noon today. The prizeis a bid to the Ball and $5 expensemoney.The Grand March will be led byHart Perry and Laura Bergquist,Roger Nielsen and Persis JanePeeples, and Bob Jones and Clemen¬tine Van der Schaegh. The introduc¬tion of a third couple has made itnecessary for Miss Kidwell of IdaNoyes to evolve a new and fairlycomplicated marching system whichwill be rehearsed by the leaders thisnoon.A list of patrons and patronessesof the Ball includes Mr. and Mrs.Harvey Carr, Mr. and Mrs. Waltcr-Hebert, Mr. William B. Scott, Mr. andMrs. John F. Moulds, Mr. and Mrs.William Mather, Mr. and Mrs. AaronJ. Brumbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. C. M.Bergquist, Mrs. C. J. Peeples, and Mr.and Mrs. Henry Van der Schaegh.Int-House OffersSeason TicketsFor Winter FilmsSix New Foreign MoviesPlanned for Next Quar¬ter.Malinowski, GreatAnthropologist,Visits UniversityDr. Bronislaw Malinowski, one ofthe greatest living anthropologists,has been spending several days at theUniversity as a part of his vacationfrom work at the University ofLondon.Previous to this year Malinowskihas visited the United States severaltimes to receive new honors fromeducational centers, and to earnmoney on lecture tours. However thisyear he is planning to spend his timeenjoying himself, and so has sched¬ule no lectures.He arrived in this country on thefirst of this month and has been inthe vicinity of Chicago for about tendays. He leaves Chicago tomorrowto continue his tour. Season tickets for the Winter Quar¬ter International House Foreign Mo¬tion Picture Program are now beingoffered by C. Sharpless Hickman, thisyear’s manager of the series. Thecards provide for six matinees at$1.50, which gives a saving of 60 centsapiece, or for six evening -perform¬ances at $2. Single evening admis¬sions are regularly 50 cents.As International House has no en¬dowed income, its services and activi¬ties must be self-sustaining. In thepast, and again this quarter, the filmprogram has presented to Universitystudents and residents of the southChicago area many new foreign pro¬ductions, several of them makingtheir premier Midwest showings atthe House.Greater Cost IncurredTo present these pictures, ratherthan revivals or older foreign movies,has meant a much greater cost in filmrentals, and the necessity of meetingcensorship requirements adds much tothe costs of each new program. Theaverage new picture costs from 100to 300 dollars, as against 15 or 25dollars for old films. If the House isto continue showing outstanding andnew productions, rather than medi¬ocre ones, it will be necessary to havea minimum guaranteed attendance onwhich an efficiently operating budgetcan be based. For this reason, theidea of a season ticket has been in¬augurated.Tickets may be obtained at the In¬formation Desk in InternationalHouse, or at the Information office.They will also be sold at all sub¬sequent film showings this quarter.Page Two THE DAILY MAROON. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 23, 1938^aroonFOUNDED IN 1901MEMBER ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATEPRESSTh« Daily Maroon is the official studentaewspaper of the University of Chicago,published mornings except ^turduy, Sun¬day fid Monday during the ilutumn,Winter and Spring quai-ters by Tie DailyMaroon Company, 6831 University avenue.Telephones: Hyde Park 9221 and 9222.After € :S0 phone in stories to ourprinters. The Chief Printing Company,1920 Monterey avenue. Telephone Cedar-erest 8810.The University of Chicago assumes noresponsibility for any statements appear¬ing in The Daily Maroon, or for any con-tract entered into by The Daily Maroon.The Daily Maroon expressly reservesthe rights of publication of any materialappearing in this paper. Subscriptionrates: $3 a year; 84 by mail. Singlecopies: three cents.Entered as second class matter March18, 1903, at the post office at Chicago,Dlinois, under the act of March 8, 1879.aseaassNTSo pos national advcrtisino bvNational Advertising Service, Inc.College Publishers Representative420 Madison Ave. New York, N. Y.CMICASO ■ BOSTOR ‘ LOf ASSILIt • SAS FSASCItCOBOARD OF CONTROLEditorial StaffLAURA BERGQUISTMAXINE BIESENTHALEMMETT DEADMAN, ChairmanSEYMOUR MILLERADELE ROSEBnsiness StaffEDWIN BERGMANMAX FREEMANEDITORUL ASSOCIATESRuth Brody, Harry Cornelius, WilliamGrody, Bette Harwich, David Martin,Alice Meyer. Rohert SedlakBUSINESS ASSOCIATESDayton Caple, Roland Richman, DavidSalzberg, Harry Topping.Night Editor: David MartinAssistant: Barbara PhelpsThe Root ofAll EvilIf we proposed the abolitionof intercollegiate baseball com¬petition there would be no op¬position. Football has a specialgroup of defenders, a separateset of folkways, a separatepriesthood. Expert propagandahas woven the football complexso firmly into the higher edu¬cational set-up that the need forintercollegiate competition inthe pigskin sport has taken itsrank with our most hideboundsuperstitions.Football is not by any inborngrace the sacred cow that it has-become. Its sanctity grows outof the singular money-makingpowers of the game. The conse¬quent clamor for bigger gatesand better teams has deludedeyen the players. They are sodazzled by the halo that sur¬rounds their chosen sport thatthey cannot see that no otherathletic event demands so muchof the player, or quite so fullyincapacitates him for living nor¬mally and studying normally. Itis impossible for us, requiringmembers of our teams to carrvon the ordinary life of a Univer¬sity undergraduate, to expectteams able to compete in big-time football on the nresentbasis of intercollegiate comneti-tion.The trend apparent all overthe country is not towards a de¬crease in subsidization, but anincrease in honesty. Universitiesare not willing to give up thegood money maker they havenurtured, but the.v are beingforced b^ public oninion to treatit fairly as a money maker.Open subsidization is becomingthe rule;—since spectators havefinally caught on to their littlegame universities no longertrouble to proclaim innocence.i\nd student sentiment at theootball schools is coming outmore and more stronglv in fa¬vor of payment of athletes infair proportion to the returnthey bring the school. In thisnew situation the amateur uni¬versity will be completely out ofplace.Openly subsidized profession¬alism in colleges will lead inevit¬ably to the comnlete divorce ofthe football teams from the edu¬cational departments. Bv thattime the legitimate studentswho like to nlay the gamewill be forming intramural andall-universitv teams of tV'pirown, and will be willing to meetthe University’s amateur teamson their own ground.Because the University re¬fuses to enter the race towardsprofessionalism and profits wecan reach the goal of amateurathletics for the best interestsof the students v^ars ahead of the other schools. There is noreason why we should dragalong with them when we canstep ahead and be waiting whenthey are once more ready to re¬join us.Letters to theEditorBoard of Control,The Daily Maroon:I hope I’m not reviving a war thatwas ended in the last meeting of thePolitical Union Executive Board, butsince Lloyd James tried to make thewhole thing a personal issue, it issomebody’s job to point out that hisarticle in yesterday’s Maroon wasabout as accurate as the Tribune’sWPA survey.Fritz was never personally in¬debted to the Maroon. Last fall theMaroon enthusiastically acceptedFritz’s plans for organizing the Polit¬ical Union as a Maroon activity, andMcNeill admitted in the presence ofthe PU board that one element wasthe prospect of favorable publicity.Naturally there were expenses, andwhen the project was completed, Fritz,as he had promised, pi'esented thenew-born child with a bill for the costof its delivery. The Union, led by theRadical officers, balked. Fritz upheldthe Maroon until the end but wascontinually overruled by the boarduntil the last meeting, when a com¬promise was reached. The Maroonwon its battle, and since then the PUboard, in accordance with its agree¬ment last spring, has indicated unani¬mous support for Fritz’s efforts tocollect.As for the charge that the Maroonsaid that Fritz was the only onewhom the Political Union had doneany good, we quote the article in lastyear’s Cap and Gown written by Ma¬roon editor McNeill himself: ‘ThePolitical Union promises to be themost important permanent mark lefton the activities front by the Maroon |of 1937-38.”Secondly, Fritz did not suggest theNazi meeting nor the idea of chargingadmission. It all popped up quite in¬formally in a board meeting, and noopposition was heard until thepogroms started several days later.Finally, Fritz did not object toturning the funds over to the refugeecommittee. He objected to bringingup the proposal in the Political Unionmeeting before the Nazi speech, in¬stead of after—not out of regard forthe speaker’s feelings, but because ofthe obvious fact that the Nazi wouldnot speak if he knew of such a stipu¬lation. The message from the Deanwas not a surprise in view of thefact that we had already received asimilar message.Henry Luccock.Board of Control,The Daily Maroon:Please publish the following cor¬rection of certain statements appear¬ing in your issue of November 22under the caption, “ASU Pays Debtto Int House.”You state,“The ASU accepted the (Chi¬cago Repertory) Group’s requestand after the show had been heldfound that the House asked for$86.50 to pay for rental of thetheatre.”The facts are these. In March of—Beautihil Personal Christmas Cards—50 Assorted Designs with Envelopes$1.50. Finest Grade, A WORK OFABT, ossorted $4.85. Name inscribedon each if desired.An Ideal Xmas Gilt. Order Quickly.NICHOLS & CO.Rockznort Georgia Today on theQuadranglesPhonograph Concert. Symphony No.4 in B Flat Major Op. 60 by Beetho¬ven; Rugby: Symphony Movement forOrchestra by Honneger SocialScience Assembly Hall. 12:30.Zoology Club. Zoology 14. 4:30.Delta Sigma Pi . Hutchinson Com¬mons. 12.. Thanksgiving Eve Service. DeanCharles W. Gilkey. St. Paul’s Church,Dorchester Avenue at 50th Street.8 P.M.Spanish Club. Ida Noyes. 7:30.Public Lecture. “Dominant Ideas inPolish History.” Professor Halecki.Social Science 122. 4:30,TOMORROWBarn Dance. Chapel Union. IdaNoyes. 7.Facts—(Continued from page 1)but they have recently emerged fromit. At the last Chilean election, theincumbent president was defeated.The head of the present Mexicangovernment, Lazaro Cardenas, is aconstructive dictator, according toRippy. He has done much for educa¬tion and sanitation and has putthrough many land reforms. However,he may be moving too for for¬eigners and conservatives. Cardenaswill be able to name his successor,.but he is not a complete dictator,having executed and exiled few per¬sons and allowing complete freedomof press. His power is based on labororganizations, a one-party systemand a peasant militia, as well as onthe army. He is an Indian, as mostof the dictators have been.SEYMOUR MILLER.this year, applications were made forthe use of the International House as¬sembly hall and stage by the ASU forMarch 18, 19, and 20 for the purposeof the presentation of plays by theChicago Repertory Group. The per¬son signing these applications as“responsible for expense and conductof gathering” was at that time Pres¬ident of the local chapter of the ASU.The applications stated clearly thatthe stage was desired March 18 for adress rehearsal; and for the hours of8 to 12, March 19 and 20 respectivelyfor the performances, making a totalof $86.50.It will be clear, therefore, that theASU, through its President, knewabout these charges in advance, andmade in advance a financial pledge topay them.Ernest B. Price,Director., SECRETARIAL CAREERS4 for University PeopleCompintn Sncntarlal . 6 monthsStenography .... 4 months^ Proa placement and Vocational^ Analysis Report to graduates.^ A modern shorthand system —" more efficient-easily mastered.^ Start Monday —Day or Evening." Visit, phone, or write today:r Institute of Modern BusinessV 225 North Wabash * Randolph 6927ADOLPHEWelcomes you before and after the Inter-Fratemity Boll to the colorful CocktailLoimge.Hotel Shoreland55TH AT THE LAKE^ a.' ■« - - — TravellingBazaarby archie the cockroach and mehitabelthe cat—or Virginia Brown andBarbara Phelpsit is very trying to be a poetespecially when the words will not co¬operatethese words will not rhyme soi have become a vers libre poet bossi know a good looking tom who chasesthe mice over inburton and judson he told methat bill gibbard opened the door ofhis room the othernite and a bucketful ofwater descendedmanfully withstanding the deluge billwaded to damp refuge of his couchps now bill has rheumatismdante alba.sio has a date bureau overinburton and if baddies injudson are nice to him he will getdates for them upon paymentof a modest stipenddont we have enough competition al¬ready bossi got the lowdown from a highup indolphin that the pledgeswill carry goldfish toclass in milkbottlestis a sad state of affairs when even a goldfish has to have an educa.tionscotty macneish who transferred herefromColgate is an honorary Iroquoisindian whoo whoo scottythanksgiving day is tomorrow bossif you cant think of anything tobe thankful lor in this world thinkof the one belowof course that wont cheer you upmuchif you expect to go theregrant the sleeper adams is agum chewer deluxedemonstrates in harper such techniquebosshe is taking up pro basketballto go with itjean peterson thoughtthe alpha delt closed party wasawfully cozy until the psi us crasheditfreezing glances from p j peeplesprofessor merriam and wife were in¬vited to i f ballcame the formal replymr and mrs Charles e merriam regretthat they cannot attend the interfra¬ternity ballbecause mr merriam can not be per¬suaded to goknow him boss?a drawl a grin a wide eyed starea pink cheeked innocent little boy airthe chief of poll scis babeeand leader of c c c che blushes too bossHAVE A HOME-COOKED THANKSGIVING DINNER ATTHE BETTER OLE'Coloxiiol Tearoom 1551 E. 57fJi Sf.Complat* Dinnvr: Cocktail, soup, rolish, aolod. dossort and coHooRoast Young Tom Turksy. Drossing SScSouthorn Sraothsrod Chicksn 7ScFllot Mlgnon. Frssh Mushrooms $0cATTENTIONFRESHMENIThe contest for theFree 1-F Ball Bid endsWednesday at noon.All subscriptions andmoney must be inour hands at thattime.CAP & GOWN OFFICELexington Hall)//THE DAILY MAROON. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1938 Page ThreeToday'sRoundtableBy RICHARD MASSELLToday the mythical roundtable dis¬cusses revolution and brings togetherH Jeffersonian liberal, a communist,and a Trotskyite, Marshall MasonKnappen, associate professor of Eng¬lish History, Jim Peterson, presidentof the communist club, and IsaacRosenfeld, president of the SocialistClub (4th International). Appropriateto the introduction is a quotation byAbraham Lincoln “Any people any¬where being inclined and having thepower, have the right to rise up andshake off the existing government andform * new one that suits them bet¬ter.” Question for discussion “When,if ever, is revolution justified?”* * *marshall KNAPPEN: When¬ever in the opinion of a majority ofthe people, any form of governmentbecomes destructive of the principlethat all men are endowed with equalrights to life, liberty, and the pur¬suit of happiness, it is the right ofthat majority to alter or abolish it.Prudence, however, will dictate thatpoveimment should not be changed forlight or transient causes. Where thesame ends can be achieved by peace¬ful means, there is no justificationfor resorting to violence.m * *JIM PETERSON: Communists be¬lieve that a revolution is justifiedwhen the majority of people fail toreceive equal rights and when theyare denied the right of life, liberty,and the pursuit of happiness. As themajority of peoples under capitalismbfH'ome increasingly aware that theclass system and the archaic economyof capitalism denies them these rights,they will strive to change the sys¬tem. .^s a majority their desire tochange the system is essentiallydemocratic, and in certain cases seeksto make the change through the ex-i.stmg democratic forms. The violenceof revolutions viewed historically isprecipitated by those who would pre-.verve their class interests at allcost.*. Witness the emigre armies ofthe French Revolution, the imperialist.sub.<!idization of counter revolutionand actual intervention, and the strug¬gles of ruling class fascism in Spain.Revolution as distinguished fromrevolutionary coup d’etats and fascistput.sches is essentially democratic,« * *ISAAC ROSENFELD: I think theproletariat revolution is justified whencapitalism can no longer satisfy thebasic needs of the people, when cap¬italism which is a form of societybased on exploitation of the massesallows an ever growing army of per¬petually starving and unemployed,resorts to war to protect its invest¬ments and fascism looms forth as alast forsaken effort to retain thestranglehold of private property onsociety. A society rank with suchconditions is an unjust society. A so¬ciety rotten to the very core of it.s''tincture cannot justify its con¬tinued existence. So I say that revo¬lution is justified at the time when theenslaved working class up todestroy this crumbling system ofcapitalism in order to create a new>ocial order free of, privateproperty, exploitation, war, and pov¬erty. And liberty, the ultimate end ofsuch a revolution, justifies itself. Close Series ofOpera HoursAt Reynolds ClubMrs. Jason Whitney,Eva Tomer, ReggianoAt Final Meeting.Cranberry juice and orange nutbread, a general air of ease andfriendliness, operatic recordings, andthe presence of Mrs. Jason F. Whit¬ney, Eva Torner, and Singorina Reg¬giano, closed the final Opera Hour ofthe series of four in the ReynoldsClub lounges yesterday afternoon.The series was innovated this year“as an informal contribution to thecultural education of students of theUniversity.” Each Tuesday for fourconsecutive weeks a program consist¬ing of an explanation of the plots andmusic of Operas appearing at theChicago Civic Opera House in the com¬ing week given by Howard Talley,RCA recordings of well known ariasfrom those operas and presentationof several of the stars appearing thatweek. Refreshments were served bya group of students.Due to the interest shown a groupof like programs is being planned fornext year with a more comprehensivetreatment of Opera types and thestories of individual operas. French to HearRecordings ofAmerican LifeTickets forNewcomer’s BillGo on SaleTickets for the Dramatic Associa¬tion’s Newcomer's Bill, which will bepresented November 29 and 30, De¬cember 1 and 2, were put on sale thismorning at the box office in Mandelcorridor.According to Bill Boehner “there isa surprising amount of talent” in thethree one-act plays. One of the lead¬ing ladies (whose identity the D. A.publicity office has refused to divulge)had her hair cut to suit her part.The Newcomer’s Bill is an annualshow staged primarily to find new M. Henri Diamont Berge has beenon campus the last few days makingrecordings of college life. Mondayevening, in the Coffee Shop, he in¬terviewed students, asking questionsin English, and after receiving theanswer, explaining the conversationin French. The group was asked tosing “Wave the Flag” and othersongs. M. Berge also visited severalfraternities and made records of thesongs.He is working for a French broad¬casting company, and intends tomake disks exemplifying all phasesof American life. The NationalBroadcasting Company is co-opera¬ting and has provided two techniciansand an automobile. His trip startedfrom New York and will end in Hol¬lywood. The trip is so planned thatit will include all the large cities andmanufacturing centers. Recordingswill be made at every point of inter¬est, including the Chicago Board ofTrade and the stockyards. The Na¬tional Mint and Alcatraz Prison arealso on the list.When these disks are completed,M. Bergfe will return to France andbroadcast them on a series of hours.The records will be arranged in unitsfor educational programs. The serieswill run 26 weeks and attempt togive the French people a cross sec¬tion of life in the United States. Student Co-opOffers LowCost Services Interchurch CouncilHolds Last BreakfastLaundry, Cleaning, ShoeRepair Rates Cut byNew Plan.talent and put new btood into theDA.In place of its customary Thursdaytea the DA gave a play for the au¬dience’s criticism in the ReynoldsClub Theater FViday. The play wasput on without benefit of costumes,props, or scenery. The venture provedso satisfactory that it is to be repeat¬ed every Friday. 'There are three orfour of these plays in production allthe time, and casting is going on con¬stantly. Three student services have beenmade available under the new planof the Student’s Cooperative ServicesClub. Upon the receipt of a 25 centmembership fee, laundry, cleaning,and shoe repairing can be securedfrom three well known concerns inthe immediate vicinity of the cam¬pus at reduced rates.There are three rates for the serv¬ices: there is a 20 per cent discounton all cash and carrv services; 15per cent on all delivered service (ex¬cept “student bundle” laundry); 10per cent on all delivered “studentbundles” (possibly 15 per cent if suf¬ficient orders can be taken). Thesediscounts will be given upon presen¬tation of membership cards.Selected on Merit BasisThe three establishments in theagreement are the Wright LaundryCompany at 1315 57 street; FamousCleaners at 1422 53 street; and Uni¬versity Shoe Repair at 1313 57 Street.All the concerns have been selectedon the merit of their work and onthe quality of the material used. Twoof the establishments have workedsatisfactorily with cooperatives inthe past.The Student Cooperative ServicesClub can be reached at Box 208, fac¬ulty exchange. All students of theUniversity are eligible for member¬ship. For the last in its series of weeklybreakfast and discussion meetingsthis quarter, the Interchurch Councilhas chosen “The Church and TheChurches” as the topic to be consid¬ered Sunday at 9 in the Coffee Shop.Dr. James L. Adams, of MeadvUleTheological Seminary; Shailer Math¬ews, Dean Emeritus of the DivinitySchool; and Wilhelm Pauck of theChicago Theological Seminary willparticipateThaJ)rali(iTEA DANCING EVERY SUNDAYNoticeBecause of the Thanksgiving holi¬day, the Daily Maroon will not beissued tomorrow or Friday. Regulappublication will be resumed next week.Debate Union ^Pajama Party''Gives Women New VoiceI' rederick Stock( onducts CampusSymphony GroupI'l'. P'rederick Stock, conductor ofthe Chicago Symphony Orchestra'jsltod last Friday’s rehearsal of theT diversity Symphony Orchestra, ex-piossed his .satisfaction with the"oi'k being done, and led the orches-for a short while in Beethoven’s"Overture to King Stephen.”The orchestra is complete exceptff'i' a few violins, violas and stringhasses. Charles Towey, manager, hasJftiuested that anyone playing'nstruments who would like to tryf'ut for the orchestra contact him as‘^oon as possible in the Music Build¬ing.1 o handle the orchestra’s contacts"itii the of the University, andto take care of intra-orchestral busi-matters Ada Steele, HaroldIttchens, Robert Kyhl, and Robert' can Ian were recently elected as thecx^utive committee of the orchestra.Orchestra rehearsal.^, which takeFriday at 7:30 in Mandel This younger generation does out¬landish things, but what would theForensic Society of ’98 think of “Pa¬jama Party” as the name for a de¬bating technique? No doubt theyj would have been shocked. PerhapsI the recent recognition of the “bull ses-j sion” as a legitimate method of argu-I ment would have been a blow to their jconception of the dignity and formal¬ity of discussion. But, the “PajamaParty” would have unconditionallytaken the proverbial cake.“Pajama Party” is simply the titlethat the Debate Union has bestowedupon the feminine version of the oldbull session.W'omen Want Fun TooWhen Union men took the historicbull .session and put it on the radio,the DU women, of course, were notgoing to be satisfied until they toocould have some fun. And the resultwas the “Pajama Party.” The nameis the product of much brain sweat,but, as yet, it does not enjoy unani¬mous approval. Alternatives might be“Cow Session,” “Hen Party,” or“Sewing Circle” for examples.Nearly 20 girls have been practic¬ing “Pajama Party” technique fortwo weeks with a great deal of zest.Assistant Debate Union Coach PaulHa/ are open to anyone who wishesi'^nd. Goodman seems to think that theyhave been producing good results.Certainly, if there is any validity inthe time-honored feminine tradition offree and fluent speech, the experimentshould be a great success. The girlshope to give it the place in the worldnow held by the bull session. Thequestion is whether girls can “pajamaparty” faster than the boys can“bull.” The girls may get the chancethey’re looking for next quarter, sinceat least two radio stations have showninterest in their efforts.Classified AdsDISCOUNT ON AUTOMOBILE CREDITSTIi«* University is offerinK tor sale throuBhthe PurchssinK Department two Ford creditsvalued at 160.00 and $50.00 each respectively.These can be purchased at $30.00 and $26.00each respectively. Such credits can only beused in the purchase of a new Ford automobileon a transaction that does not involve atrade-in. |SPACIOUS APARTMENT to share withwoman student. Lyon—6723 Dorchester. Phoneevenings or holidays—Mid. 4972. Managerwill show apt. any time.IntensiveShorthandCourseFOR COMEGE GRADUATESAND UNDFRGRADUATFS ^I leal for taking notes at collegenr for spare-time or full time posi¬tions. Classes start the first ofJanuary. April, July and October.('till, tvritf nr Irlffkonf Statt 1881for (iimptflf fact IThe Gregg College6 N. MICHIGAN AVE.. CHICAGO HANLEY’SBUFFET1512 E. 55th St.COME DOWN AND SINGIfYOU can’t find ‘‘College Spirit”on the Campus you will findit all at “Mike’s.”I DROP DOWNbefore, after, during anythingon campus (in fact anytime)and you’ll find a congenial at¬mosphere.We welcome all Universitystudents, but we only serveliquor to those of age.HANLEY’SOver forty years ofcongenial service A TypewriterWill Help YouWith Your Notes, Themes, Papers, and LettersSee Our Complete Stock of All Mokes—Portableand large machines—used and newNew Portable $29.75 to $79.50Used Portable $19.50 to $39.75Used Large $17.50 to $69.50Also Typewriters—rentedrepaired and exchangedUIOODUIORTH’SBOOK STORE1311 E. 57th St. Store Open EveningsNear Kimbark Ave. Dorchester 4800Page Four THE DAILY MAROON. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1938THE DAILY MAROON SPORTSSide GlancesAt I-M's« « *By ERNEST LEISERWith the cheering scarcely died outout from the Barrister upset of theDekes, Intramural Director WallyHebert and his faithful referees wentinto a huddle and came out with theirannouncement of the all-universityall-star intramural touchball players.* 4> *The first team consists of two mem¬bers of the winning Bar Associationsquad, Chuck Longacre, former Po¬mona College football star, and JimBrown, ex- of Beloit, and best new¬comer to the intramural gridiron.Paul Barnes was the lawyers’ addi¬tion to the second team, and threeother Barristers, Adams, Goldberg,and McK inlay received honorablemention.* * *Two Dekes also won places ofhonor on the first team. Bob Brown,who ran rings around the Alpha Deltsin the fraternity finals, and Bill Mur¬phy were selected to join the elitetouchballers. We think the decisionto put Bill rather than Chet on thefirst team was a mistake. Thereshould have been a duplication of men—an eight man team in imitation ofthe two man Homecoming Kingscheme. But Chet was selected on thesecond team by the sages, along withtwo other Dekes, Cliff Graemer andNorm Hollingshead.The Alpha Delts, who were sup¬posed to win the University title ac¬cording to the form sheets, alsoplaced a pair of their leading lightson the first team. Johnny Krieten-stein, who was mainly responsible forthe Alpha Delts’ phenomenal showingin the early part of the season, andBill Runyan, Alpha Delt leader lastyear and perennial all-star, were thetwp AD Phi’s who made the selectionof all-stars an almost exclusive Bar-rister-Deke-Alpha Delt team.The only outsider who was able tosqueeze into the aristocracy was JimBell, flashy Psi U, whose playingkept his fraternity in the running thisfall. He and Bud Daniels were theonly Psi U’s mentioned an the all-star squads. It’s a far cry from theyears in which the Psi U’s dominatedthe all-stars almost as much as theydominated the games.* « *All-star hangovers from last yearinclude Bell, Runyan, and Longacre,who was the only non-fraternity manto make the grade then. In the opin¬ion of Coach Hebert, none of these orany of the current best players weregood enough to join the list of all-time all-stars that he has made up.These men include Yates of Pi Lamb¬da Phi, Alger, Hoaglund, and GeorgeLott, of Psi U, Gist of Phi Kappa Psi,Marven of Phi B D, and Cody of theMacs. Barristers Win LM ChampionshipDefeat Deke Touchball Squad I Tankmen Show Added Interest in13-6; Psi U Takes Third PlaceHold Ping-PongTourney for NoviceFreshmen SaturdayLawyers Become FirstIndependents Since 1924to Take Title.Team Faces FutureWith Average Line^New Backfield MenKicked around campus as well asabout the gridiron, the 1939 editionof Chicago’s football team turns itsback on controversy and faces nextfall with a question mark backfieldand two lines of average ability.The situation, opposite of the pastdisastrous season when a first classbackfield seemed in prospect, shows afirst string line of experienced jun¬iors, backed by freshmen and thisyear’s reserves. Highly probable asstandouts are Dave Wiedeman, JackPlunkett, and Bob Wasem.The puzzle behind the forward hasonly swift John Davenport and slowCarl Nohl as part solution. Up fromthe reserves, George Crawford, phan¬tom hipped halfback. Bill Kimbel,Wally Ottomeyer, Charles Bambe, andBob McNamee are possible answers.The much discussed freshmansquad, called by Coach Tommy Flynnthe best A. B. (After Berwanger)will contribute a pair of standoutguards Kenny Jensen and Bob Thor-burn, a 190 pound tackle from Cali¬fornia, is another of decided promise.Backs from the same source whoare looked upon with more respect bythe coaching staff than by occasional For the first time in touchballhistory since 1924 an independentteam has copped the Universitychampionship. Usually the fraternitywinners have walked all over theiropponents in the University playoffs,but the Bar Association outUt madehistory yesterday with a 13-6 triumphover the Dekes. The Psi U’s won 7-0in their third-place playoff with thePhi Delts.In the last three tourneys thelawyers have been finalists, but thistime they overcame the “always bestman; never the groom’’ complex withtwo touchdowns in the first period, alead which was large enough to staveoff a desperate second-half rally onthe part of the fraternity men.About half way through the open¬ing half, the Bar Association forgedinto the lead when Jim Brown scoredon a pass from Longacre. The tryfor the extra point was no good.Lawyers Intercept PassShortly afterward, following thekickoff, the Dekes had the ball deepin their own territory, and GrantAdams leaped high in the air to in¬tercept a Deke pass. He then flickedthe pigskin to McKinlay who wasstanding in the end zone. The con¬version, a short pass over the goal,was good.After the intermission, the Dekescame back strong, and after beingtemporarily stopped by the alert de¬fense of the law-school team, shookloose the Murphy brothers, who be¬tween them manap^d to get the ballto Bob Brown, who had eluded theBarristers’ safety man.The lawyers elected to kick off,and that decision was very nearlydisastrous, for their opponents hadwhat looked like a golden opportunity ito even the score, but Norm Hollings¬head muffed a long pass in the endzone.The Bar Association had the Dekeoffense stymied and forced thefraternity men to kick. They ran thepunt back to about the Deke 40-yardmarker, and in four plays had movedup to the 20, but there Bob Browm,the man who was the Alpha Delts’nemesis in the finals of the frater¬nity league, snagged a stray pass andenabled his team to keep the wolfaway from the door, at least tempor¬arily.Deke Touchdown Scored BackTaking advantage of this break,the Dekes went on to score a touch¬down, only to have it called backwhen the referee ruled that ChetMurphy had been tagged. The Dekesthreatened only once more, but thelawyers’ defense held, and the gameended with the Bar Associationteam in possession of the ball deepin their opponents’ territory.In the game which settled the tiefor third place in the fraternityleague, the Psi U’s, led by the fieryJim Bell, took the Phi Delts intocamp 7-0 when Stevens scored on apass in the second period. Buttoncaught a pass in the end zone tomake the total seven. A round-robin table tennis tourna¬ment open to only novice freshmenin order to give them opportunity toplay men of their own caliber willbe run off Saturday in the ReynoldsClub game room from 8:45 in themorning to 8:45 at night.In this type of tourney, limited to25 players, each man plays everyother man, the winner being theplayer with the most victories. Thus,with no elimination an entrant canlose a match and still remain in thecontest. Three prizes bought with theentrance fees of 15 cents are a Chi¬cago banner for first place and twopennants for second and third place.A charge of five cents per matchplayed or two and one half cents aplayer is made.The following Saturday a like tour¬nament for top flio'ht players will beheld. Several of these tournamentswere held during the summer quarterand proved to be very successful ac¬cording to Bill Boehner, Reynolds Clubgame room chief. Dolphin Club; Plan Reorganization“As a result of a comparison of theUniversity Dolphin Club, men’s swim¬ming fraternity, with the DolphinClubs of other Big Ten universities,officers of the organization haveagreed that a reorganization of theClub is eminent,” stated James And¬erson, president of the local DolphinClub, in an interview’ today.According to Anderson, in the pastthe Club was one of the most activeorganizations on the campus. In re¬cent years, however, due to laxnesson the part of its members, it hasdeclined in importance until questionhas been raised as to the feasibilityof its continuance.Make Several ChangesAnderson declared that henceforthpins would be issued, regular com¬pulsory meetings listed, a publicityagent appointed, and an active pledge-ship for its rushees conceived.Membership to the National Dol¬phin Club is upon demonstration of excellence in water sports, goodsportsmanship, and by recommenda¬tion of swimming coach, Edward Mc-Gillivray, for consistent and well ap¬plied endeavor. The function of theorganization is to further the interestin swimming and water sports.Each year the Dolphin Club pro¬duces a water-carnival. This yearthe carnival is scheduled for Decem¬ber 7 and 8. In an effort to improveupon last year’s affair, five member.sof the fraternity, upon invitationfrom the Iowa Dolphin Club, journey¬ed to Iowa City several weeks agoto w’itness the University of Iowawater-carnival. New idea.x werebrought back for use in the Decem¬ber festival.fHEADQUARTERS*lor UTEBATUBE. MUSIC. AST ol SmSOVIET UNIONPUBUCATIONS IN ENGLISH;MOSCOW NEWS, niuatrattd,weakly editions. Crisp, iniorma-tive news on all aspects oi Sovietlife.1 S2; t MM*. SI; single copySc at your aewssiand.SOVIETLAND. Color-illustratedmonthly of the life, culture, artof U.S.S.R.1 yr. S2; 6 nos. II: single copy2Sc at your newsstand.OVTEBNATIONAL UTEBATUIE.Monthly review ol the world'sproletarian literature and art:stories, ploys.1 yr. KMt 6 aos. 11.25; singlecopy 2Sc at your newsstand.USSR IN CONSTRUenON.De-Luxe pictorial monthly.1 yr. 14; 6 mos. S2; single copy3Sc at your newsstand.•NEW! FREEcotalog of Sovietmusic now availoble. Includessheet music, scores for vocal,solo instruments and ensembleuse. Write for your copy NOW.BOOKNIGJk25S Fiith Avenue New York CityOentlesMu Per check or mosteyorder herewith, send me the follow¬ing publications;Send me free cat^og oi(mention subject) MusleBeyer, Hayes HeadGym OrganizationUniversity students interested ingymnastics have formed an organiza¬tion called “The Gymnics.” Theyelected Irwin Beyer, National Inter¬collegiate champion and GeorgeHayes, co-chairmen, and Robert Loch-man, secretary. The objective of the“Gymnics” is the furthering of gym¬nastics, by upperclassmen and fresh¬men alike.The gymnastic team, coached byD. L. Hoffer, has won 14 Big Tentitles in 22 attempts and four out ofsix National Intercollegiate cham¬pionships.observers are Bob McCarthy, a" fasthalfback from Mount Carmel current¬ly suffering from a broken blood ves¬sel; Bob Miller, a punter; Azad Sar-kesian, Armenian fullback packedwith power; Bill Leach, quarterback,and several others. ENJOY YOURThan ksgivinfiDinnerAT THEARAGONCAFECocktail — EmhahSalad SoupRoaat Young Tom Turkoy. DroMinq90cFriod HoU Spring Chickon 80cStocks 80-90cVogotablo PotatoShorbot RollDMMrt BoTorago5401 CORNELL AVE.FAIRFAX 8000DON'T WASTE YOUR TIMEREAD THEDAILY MAROONIT'S A REAL SUY AT 3c