Ex^^ Batlp iHanion •StuciVol. 39, No. 17. Z-149 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1938 Price Three CentsPU DiscussesNew Deal ‘Purge’In First MeetingAlso Debate Realign¬ment of Parties into Lib¬eral, Conservative Blocs.The four student speakers at thePolitical Union meetinif tonight at8:00 in Rosenwald 2 will present twoopposite points of view on the reso¬lution: “Resolved that the New Deal‘purge’ and attempt to realign Ameri¬ca into Conservative and Liberal par¬ties is a beneficial step in Americanpolitics.” Jim Peterson, Radical par¬ty speaker, will try to bring out thestruggle between progress and re¬action and the effect this had on thepolitical opinions of the Americanpeople. He will also explain that thissplit is due to the “connection be¬tween the rise of a new and militantmovement for the immediate needsof the people and the socialist reor¬ganization of society.”The second proponent, Paul Good¬man of the Liberal majority, willshow that the split in the Democraticparty is a natural condition in ourdemocracy where under the ever in¬creasing liberalism of the countrythere are always bound to be somepeople who cannot keep up the pace.The Liberal minority bloc speaker,Joseph Sondheimer, will tell of themistake President Roosevelt and hisadvisers made in choosing the “purge”as a means to an end. He will for¬ward his opinion that the Americanpeople are absolutely against anysuch drastic steps.Douglas Martin, representative ofthe Conservative party, will give aspeech in total opposition to the reso¬lution. He believes that the resultsof a successful attempt would^ ^disastrous to our present system ofgovernment.A business meeting will precede thedebate. At that time all studentswho wish to join any of the threeparties may apply for membership.This meeting will be open to mem¬bers and applicants only. The FREE MINDBy ROBERT MAYNARD HUTCHINSDelivered at the New York Herald-Tribune ForumSocialists SponsorNoted RebelAuthor at LectureAngelica Balabanoff,Early Aid to Mussolini,Speaks on Socialism.One of the most famous an<l daringcbels of all time, Angelica Balaban-)ff, will speak at the University on'Jovember 1, under the auspices ofhe Socialist Club (L.S.L). She willliscuss Mussolini, Lenin, and Trotzkyis she knew them and as she workedvith them through the years ofhange in Europe. Tickets for theL'cture will go on sale today by mem-ers of the club and the ASU at 25ents apiece.Miss Balabanoff was a prominentigure in the Italian Socialist move-iient in the years prior to the GreatV’ar. Her work with Mussolini onhe Italian Socialist paper, Avanti,nd as his adviser, was in part re-ponsible for his rise as an Italianlocialist.'Joined Russian CommunistsImmediately after the war Misslalabanoff broke with the Italianlocialists and joined the Communists1 her native Russia. It was her works first secretary of the Communistnternational which gave Commu-ism a firm root in Russia, and anccepted place among the govern-lei ts of the world.With Europe in its present state,liss Balabanoff has come to theUnited States as author and lecturer,he says that it affords her free ex-ression of her ideas.Currently in prominence is her re-mtly published American book.My Life as a Rebel,” which threat-ns the best-seller lists repeatedly,fie book was enthusiastically re-jived by the American press. When we talk about freedom we usually mean freedomfrom something. Freedom of the press is freedom from censor¬ship. Academic freedom is freedom from presidents, trustees, andthe public. Freedom of thought is freedom from thinking. Free¬dom of worship is freedom from religion. So too civil liberty, thedisappearance of which throughout the world we watch withanxious eye, is generally regarded as freedom from the state.This notion goes back to Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Theylocated the natural man in a world of anarchy. He had, theysaid, no political organization, and they strongly hinted thatthis was the most delightful aspect of his condition. Thepolitical state, they thought, was a compromise, no less unfor¬tunate because it was necessary. This view has been popularever since. It is reflected every day in the attitude of thosewho look upon the activities of government as an evil. Thoughthey admit that society must suffer certain necessary evils, theynaturally have no wish to multiply them. Hence the attractionand power of the slogan, that government is best which governsbest.* * *This notion of government and its role is based on a myth,on a misconception of the nature of man and the nature of thestate. It is not surprising that a doctrine absurdly groundedand workable only in countries of vast and untapped resourcesshould contain in itself the seeds of an opposing doctrine, thedoctrine that the state is all, that men are nothing but membersof it, and that they achieve their ultimate fulfillment, notthrough freedom from the state, but through complete sur¬render to it. This is fascism. It ascribes to the political organiza¬tion qualities that can belong only to God. It denies the eminentdignity of the person. It deprives man of the characteristic thatraises him above beasts, his reason. It sacrifices all that is speci¬fically human, that is, moral, intellectual, and spiritual develop¬ment, and glorifies a specifically sub-human attribute, namely,force.These are the consequences of thinking of freedom as free¬dom from something. Freedom is not an end in itself. We do notwant to be free merely to be free. We want to be free for thesake of being or doing something that we cannot be or do unlesswe are free. We want to be free to obtain the things we want.Now the things we want are good things. First, we want'«iir private, and individual good, our economio well-being. Wewant food, clothing, and shelter, and a chance for our children.Second, we want the common good: peace, order, and justice.But most of all we want a third order of goods, our personal orour human good. We want, that is, to achieve the limit of ourmoral, intellectual and spiritual powers. This personal, humangood is the highest of all the goods we seek. As the private good,which is our individual economic interest, is subordinate to thecommon good, which is the interest of the community, so thecommon good is subordinate to our personal and human goodand must be ordered to it. Any state in which the common goodis sacrificed to private interests, or in which the moral, intel¬lectual, and spiritual good of the citizens is sacrificed to thepolitical organization is not a state. It is a fraud subsisting byforce.We are concerned this morning with free minds. How canwe get them? We must remember that it is not freedom fromsomething that we are seeking. We want minds that are freebecause they understand the order of goods and can achieve themin their order. The proper task of education is the production ofsuch minds. But we can now see that we are not likely to producethem by following the recommendations of the more extremeof those called progressives in education. Freedom from dis¬cipline, freedom to do nothing more than pursue the intereststhat the accident of birth or station has supplied may result inlocking up the growing mind in its own whims and difficulties.4c I|> CIf we cannot produce free minds by adopting the sugges¬tions of the more undisciplined progressives, we cannot hope formuch better luck by continuing the almost universal practice ofregarding education as a tour of the current events in the variousfields of knowledge. This practice must result in locking up thegrowing mind in information current once but archaic now. Thepupils that we have today will leave our hands between 1939 and1955. Can w’e hope to prepare them for the long years ahead bytelling them the anecdotes of 1938?It is doubtful, too, whether we can achieve free minds byconcentrating our efforts on making our pupils economically in¬dependent. we want free minds which will seek the goods in theirorder. Those who seek primarily their private economic interestsmay become enslaved to them and try to enslave the rest of usas well.The aging process in people educated without discipline, orthrough miscellaneous information, or by vocational techniquesor with vocational aims is likely to be far more serious and farmore menacing than any degenerative disease. Certainly thosewho elevate their own fancies into standards for themselves andothers are more pathetic than persons afflicted with high bloodpressure. Those who cannot understand the world today becausethey have nothing in their heads but descriptions of yesterdayare victims of a senility worse than any physiological deteriora¬tion. And hardening of the vested interests is at once more com¬mon and more dangerous than hardening of the arteries.* * *When we say we want free minds we mean that we wantminds able to operate well. The glory and the weakness of thehuman mind is that it is not determinate to certain things. It(Continued on page 3) Courtier Board of ControlSplits in Policy DissensionNew Sheet RazzesDorm RegulationsEditor and publisher unknown, cir¬culator unseen, the first and probablyonly issue of “Our Tuesday Visitor,(An Organ Dedicated to the Ideals ofAmerican Boyhood)” made its appear¬ance Tuesday afternoon in Judson andBurton Courts. Freely distributedunder the doors of all room residents,The Visitor disclaimed any associa¬tion “with that weekly rag, the Cour¬tesan.”Written as a parody on the Cour¬tier, it aimed primarily at belittlingthe dormitory regulation againstwomen guests of residents, a contro¬versy over which there has been muchdiscussion lately. By representing it¬self as an organ for the interests ofAmerican Boyhood, it regarded theregulation concerning woman guestsas “an insult to our pristine boyhood.”Dean L. P. Smith, upon seeing thepaper, said he would regard it aspurely an attempt at humor and notas a malicious or insubordinate act.But the editor, publisher, and circula¬tion manager prefer to remain un¬known.IF Council MeetsTo Settle PolicyOn RushingThe Interfraternity Council willmeet tonight to settle the question ofwhether or not fraternities shall posta bond to be forfeited for infractionsof the rushing rules. Various a-mounts ranging from fifty cents totwo dollars per capita have been pro¬posed, but there is a good chancethat the penalty will be voted downentirely. This meeting was to havebeen held last week, but was post¬poned because most of the membershadn’t been informed of it.There will also be a committee re¬port on the plans for the Interfra¬ternity Ball. The Ball will be heldin the Gold Room of the Congress,but the arrangements for the orches¬tra have not been completed. A priceof three dollars has been tentativelyset for the bids.Final details for the series of exchange lunches between the fraternities will be discussed. Dorm PublicationCenter of RowControversy split the ranks of theCourtier Board of Control yesterdayas editor Bill Rogers vied with Boardmembers Harris Beck, Dale Tillery,Courtenay Crocker and Leonard Zed-ler for management of the BurtonJudson news-weekly.Dissension had been brewing forseveral days, ever since the Cour¬tier’s Board had been expanded bystaff vote from a one-man control byRogers to a board of five, Rogers,meantime, had found it “cumbersomeand unwieldy” to consult the otherfour members about every issue, andthe Board on the other hand believedhe was taking undue prerogative inhis actions. Climax came Sunday nightwhen Rogers left word, before anout-of-town visit, that if a Boardmeeting was held on Monday withouthim, he would resign. The Board hadscheduled an important conference onpolicy for the day with the Dean’soffice.The enlarged, printed Courtier thisyear was on tentative trial in thefield of subsidization by the Dean’soffice. Final approval and subsidiza¬tion was being granted only after asample issue of the paper had ap¬peared. Rogers, however, went aheadon the assumption of positive sub¬sidization by the office, and in additionmade plans for extending the paperwith advertising and making it aprofit-making, self supporting insti¬tution.On the other hand, though acknowl¬edging Roger’s industry, the Dean’soffice refused to subsidize any activitythat was a one-man enterprise, in¬sisting that the venture be a co-opera¬tive affair on the part of all dormi¬tory residents. Thus the Board was(Continued on page 3)Linn Adopts EarlyAmerican CampaignTactics TuesdayHearking back to the James G.Blaine era, a torchlight processionfor Professor James Weber Linn,University district candidate forstate representative, will be heldTuesday evening.The parade will be complete withflaming torches, transparencies, oilskin capes which the citizens of theVictorian period wore for protectionagainst dripping lard oil, and a band.The procession is being organized byalumni and student friends of Linn.Hoeppner Directs ProcessionHans O. Hoeppner, director of theInformation Office, will be marshalof the procession. Martin Miller,president of Alpha Delta Phi, is incharge of student participation.Participants will assemble in frontof the Alpha Delta Phi house at 7:15,and the procession will get under wayat approximately 7:30. The line ofmarch will require less than 30 min¬utes, the procession ending at Linn’shome, 1357 E. 56th st.Katz DiscussesJewish Art for JSFWith Hebrew characters as the“building blocks” of his paintings,Raymond Katz, Chicago’s foremostJewish artist, will present “An Af¬ternoon of Jewish Art” to the JewishStudent Foundation today at 4 in IdaNoyes Hall,When Katz last gave a demonstra¬tion at the University three yearsago, the students were impressed bythis type of art which he originated. Announce EventsScheduled forGala HomecomingCelebrate Stagg’s Re¬turn; Plan Pep Bonfire,Vanities.Bob Jones, chairman of the Home¬coming Committee, yesterday an¬nounced a tentative schedule ofevents for the gala celebration of thereturn of Alonzo Stagg the week-endof November 12.As usual the freshman-sophomoretug-of-war in the Circle Friday noonwill get things started. It has beenrumored that all participants in saidtug-of-war will spend a large per¬centage of their lunch hour in andaround the Botany Pond. Friday af¬ternoon, the finals of the VictoryVanities will be presented in MandelHall.Hold Pep Meeting FridayA mammoth bonfire will be the cen¬ter of a group pep meeting Fridayevening. The band, the cheerleaders,and perhaps a speaker will work to¬gether to stir up some real enthusi¬asm for a real victory. Following thepep rally the crowd will form a hugetorchlight parade which will end itswanderings at Bartlett Gym, sceneof the annual homecoming dance.Miss Jean Petersen, who has al¬ready been chosen HomecomingQueen will have a partner, the Home¬coming King to be elected by Univer¬sity women, to help her preside overweek-end activities. One of theirduties will be the awarding of prizesfor outstanding fraternity and dor¬mitory decorations which will bejudged Saturday morning.Just before the game the programwill be completed with an automobileparade featuring local celebrities.YWCA CelebratesThe YWCA will celebrate Hallow¬e’en with a luncheon tomorrow at IdaNoyes Clubhouse at 11:30, On themenu will be ground beef and spa¬ghetti, cole slaw, rolls and butter,pumpkin pie and tea or coffee. Tick¬ets may be obtained at the YWCAoffice for 35 cents.Patte Two THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 26, 1938"Slhc ^atl^^aroojtFOUNDED IN 1901MEMBER ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATEPRESSThe Daily Maroon is the_ official studentnewspaper of the University of Chicago,published mornings except Saturday, Sun¬day and Monday during the Autumn,Winter and Spring quarters by The DailyMaroon Company, 5831 University avenue.Telephones: Hyde Park 9221 and 9222.After 6:30 phone in stories to ourprinters. The Chief Printing Company,1920 Monterey avenue. Telephone Cedar-crest 3310. -The University of Chicago assumes noresponsibility for any statements appear¬ing in The Daily Maroon, or for any con¬tract entered into by The Daily Maroon.Th^ Daily Maroon expressly reservesthe rights of publication of any materialappearing in this paper. Subscriptionrates: $3 a year; $4 by mail. Singlecopies: three cents.Entered as second class matter March18, 1903, at the post office at Chicago,Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879.aSPaCSENTCO fob NATIONAU ADVSRTISINO BTNational Advertising Service, Inc.College Publishers Representasire420 Madison Ave. New York, N. Y.CHUASO • Bo»TO» • Los ANSCLIS - SAB FBABCISCOBOARD OF CONTROLEditorial StaffLAURA BERGQUISTMAXINE BIESENTHALEMMETT DEADMAN, ChairmanSEYMOUR MILLERADELE ROSEBusiness StaffEDWIN BERGMANMAX FREEMANEDITORIAL ASSOCIATESRuth Brody, Harry Cornelius, WilliamGrody, Bette Hurwich, David MartinAlice Meyer. Rohert SedlakBUSINESS ASSOCIATESDayton Caple, Richard Glasser, DavidSalzberg, Harry Topping.Night Editor: Pearl RubinsAssistant: Chester Hand TravellingBazaarFollowing are excerpts from “OurTuesday Visitor,” a four-page mimeo¬graphed paper of mysterious originwhich appeared yesterday in Burton-Judson courts.Have you been good today ?clean ?Verse AndA Minor Matterat Int-House Precious Virtue, Mother’s love.My bed, my box of toys—All these are mine, till Sunday noonWhen flee my simple joys. Today on theQuadranglesZoology Club, Zoology 14, 4:30.JSF, Ida Noyes Theater, 4:00.Delta Sigma Pi, Hutchinson Com¬mons, 12.Football Talk, Jay Berwanger, IdaNoyes Library, 12:30-1:15.Carillon Recital, Rockefeller Chapel,4:30.Phonograph Concert, Social ScienceAssembly Hall, 12:30-1:15.Conference on Philosophy, SocialScience 302, 4:30. Freudianism andPsychoanalysis. Jacques Maritain.The discussion will be conducted inEnglish.Spanish Club Tea, Ida Noyes, 7:30P.M.History Club, Social Science, 122,7:30 P.M.Finance Committee, ASU, Cobb308, 12:30.Racial Relations Committee, ASU,Cobb 308, 3:30.Membership Committee, ASU, Cobb308, 12:00.United Refugee Aid Campaign, In¬formal discussion, Ida Noyes AlumniRoom, 3:30.Campus Congress sub-committee onStudent-Administi'ation Re 1 a t i o n s,Cobb 309, 12:30. 13 Players Rehearse 13 Days,Yet DA Cast Keeps Its CourageOn the surface, that seems tobe all that the recent smallsquabble about the denial ofnon-resident membership to ex-Student Council president Pur¬nell Benson is. Just for the easeof mind of future InternationalHouse student heads, however,present members had better seethat the Student Council asksDirector Price to make the casea little clearer than it now is.Otherwise, future presidentswho want to come back to theHouse may conceivably be a-fraid to take issue with themanagement on anything more^serious than the ratio of folk¬dancing classes to languagestudy groups. The rules for ad¬mitting students and the rea¬sons for not admitting themseem to be fairly vague, andbased on such marshy and un¬tenable ground as the prospec¬tive value and contribution ofthe student to the spirit of In¬ternational House.Arguments like that can bebrought against anyone on anytrumped-up charges with thegreatest of convenience. Andthe officials in charge of passingon qualifications for admissionhave never defined what a con¬tribution to the spirit and wel¬fare of the House may be. Stu¬dents who fear for their mem¬bership if they talk too niuchwould probably appreciate it.The Student Council shouldprotect itself by getting such adefinition. It would be to Mr.Price’s benefit to put an end toreasons for future minor squab¬bles. Book Review SectionTHE HONOR OF OLD GROUS-OULY HIGH—Ralph Henry Barbour.Gee, Fellows, you ought to read thisbook. It’s all about football and base¬ball and good clean sport which allred-blooded American Boys just love.I sure was surprised when Jack Fear¬less, he’s the hero, caught that longpass in the last minute of play andlicked old Givney Prep, a place whereonly rich, stuck-up fellows go. It’sreally interesting.MEIN KAMPF — Dan Beard. A-bout Boy Scouts. These fellows surecan take care of themselves, and theway they send messages with smokeis sure educational. Stinky Glutz en¬thuses: “GEE WHIZ!!! — How mal¬adjusted I was! Nothing—not evenmy new Uncle Wiggily Book—couldget me interested in life! Everything 1was so static until I got to the Kampf; |and then Chief Beard saw my prob- i Board of Control,blem! And in just a few weeks I was i The Daily Maroon:functional and exercising my prerog- i ^ jstives! I feel I didn’t Ret to Chief 1 As a subscriber to the Maroon andBeard any too soon!!” I o" occa^sion, one of its apologists II am sufficiently concerned about the* ♦ * I attached adverti.sement, clipped fromthe Maroon of Friday, October 21st,The Erector Club is going to have j make the following statement,an exhibit next Sunday. | Qn the next appearance of the adNext Monday, cabin leader Snook- 1 other Soviet Union ads, my sub¬ins will speak informally to the Na-i ®‘^*'’Ption to the Maroon stops; if theture Club. He will discuss hurricanes I subscription is paid up, I shall stiland big winds, explaining their causes, he happy in the loss of my money, iit isn’t, I shall be happier still.Letters to theEditorProcessional at IdaIt may be traditional, but theprocessional streaming acrossthe wall of the third floor thea¬tre in Ida Noyes is bad art. Sinceother Noyes traditions havebeen ripped up in the past, un¬til now men and smoking minglein the once quiet halls, the man¬agers of the building may be ina mood to consider further im¬provements.The wall space now coveredwith flat-footed nymphs in sym¬bolic poses offers a good oppor¬tunity for the practical side ofthe Art Department. The Uni¬versity qualifies for no PWAart projects, but we shouldn’trefuse to follow in their lead.Meanwhile the theatre castsa pall of despondency overevery group that meets there. Itis one of the University tradi¬tions that would be better doneaway with. Even if no funds formurals are available, we preferwhitewash. TO OUR BOYSDear Fellows:It is with mingled joy and appre¬hension that we see you starting tothink for yourselves, starting to pub¬lish a paper. You are growing up andno longer the little fellows who weresuch a joy to us. But we supposethat’s life. As you go down the pathof life, carry only this thought withyou, “We are American Boys. Wehave been American Boys, and Godwilling, we will always be AmericanBoys.”Our Blessings on your HeadsYour Cabin Leaders.WEEKLY CHATBy Uncle EdmundThis week’s talk is about obediencefellows. Obedience is one of the firstthings a real American Boy has tolearn. We must always obey ourcabin leaders. If we are always goodfellows and obey our cabin leaders,we may some day be leaders our¬selves. Even if we think our leadersmistaken, we should do as they sayjust so we will learn obedience. Don’tforget, live clean, shoot straight—and obey your leaders! Neither you nor I should argue thelogicality or the illogicality of myattitude; we are both prejudiced, andwe have other dogs to whip.I am American born, white, liter¬ate, and of age; I have lived in Europe,before the War and since; I readseveral languages, speak a few; I amfairly catholic in tastes, like Jews,favor the foreign student, and am in¬terested in world mores; I help pub¬lish the Maroon.Because of all these things, I pro¬test paying for the publication ofSoviet Union ads.Sincerely yours,Otto F. Bond.You say'that we shouldn’t arguethe logicality or illogicality of yourattitude, Mr. Bond. It is difficult to seehow you expect us to be convincedthat by printing an advertisement ofbooks on the Soviet Union we arehurting the University and the Ma¬roon’s readers.This may be what you call one ofour prejudices, but we believe that aSoviet Union ad in a campus publica¬tion cannot hurt the University asmuch as a dogmatic attitude whichprides itself in its dogmatism. The ador other ads like it will continue toappear until we get a more reason¬able argument in favor of their omis¬sion. If you have one we would beglad to consider it seriously.The Board. There are 13 members in the castand it opens on Friday night, but theactors in DA’s “Butter and EggMan” are unafraid. They’ve workedat a fever heat for 13 days, but be¬cause they’ve worked, they feel theyhave something good to offer thecampus. Tonight they move to Man-del Hall to rehearse. The productionstaff, headed by Bud Linden, is sur¬rounding them with two realisticsettings on which they are now' put¬ting the final dabs of paint.The majority of the cast has hadan unusual amount of experience.Tom White, who plays Peter Jones,“The Butter and Egg Man,” was theprincess in last year’s Blackfriars.He was with the Johnson Players atChicago Conservatory, and has donesome radio work for the Chicago CityManager’s Club.Bangs Is Leading LadyJo Bangs, his leading lady, w'orkedlast year with the ASU TheaterGroup, danced in Mirror, collectedproperties for the Spring Revival,and studied w’ith the Chicago Re¬pertory Group this summer. In theplay she is a secretary who marriesher boss.Tw’o others in the cast, Mary Ham-mel and Marion Lott, have had noprevious DA experience except in theMirror chorus. Lott has, accordingto the rest of the cast, the prize lineof the play. She says, with appro¬priate grimaces, “I’ll push your god¬dam face in.”This meaty line is directed at KittyHumphreys, played hy Jean Gayton.Jean made a reputation for herselfin last year’s revival and in threeyears work in the Mirror. She’s oneof the two graduate students in thecast, the other being Herbert Pomer-ance, the waiter.Two transfer students are also tak¬ing part in the play, Hatty PaineFraternities BeginExchange LuncheonsExchange luncheons between cam¬pus fraternities begin today. Thelunches were inaugurated to enablecampus Greeks to become betteracquainted so that there can be morecooperation between houses. Seniorsfrom one house will visit a second,while those from the latter visit thefirst. Juniors will fill out inequalities. who plays Fanny Lehman, and Leon¬ard Zedler who plays Bernie Samp¬son. Joe Lehman, Fanny’s husband,is played by Charles Paltzer whowas in last year’s Newcomer’s Billand “S.S. Tenacity.” In his part as ahard-boiled theatrical producer heguarantees to smoke 15 cigars thenight of the show (without gettingsick).Another member of the cast is RobCohn, who was also in last year’sNewcomer’s Bill. In addition, he is amember of the ASU Theater Groupand Blackfriars. Flanking him is Ro¬land Berndt who as an assistant pro¬ducer has hi.s'first DA role since ap¬pearing in the Newcomer’s Bill of1936.The second butter and egg man(there are two) is played by JamesLawson who portrayed a slightly tipsyminister in “Wicked Uncles” of the1937 Newcomer’s Plays.TYPING SERVICEReasonable RatesH.P.7927 1161 E. 63 St.L. K. CRIDLAND—Beautiful Personal Christmas Cards—50 Assorted Designs with Envelopes$1.50. Finest Grade. A WORK OFART, assorted $4.85. Name inscribedon each if desired.An Ideal Xmas Gift. Order Quickly.NICHOLS & CO.Rockmort Georgia JudgeHellerREPUBUCANNOMMEEHelp Re-ElectnAlumnusJUDGE SAMUEL HELLERReceived his Ph.B. at the Uni¬versity of Chicago in 1913 andhis MJV. in 1931.He received his Low degreeat Northwestern UniversityLaw SchoolHe is up for Re-election asfudge of Municipal Court on:TUESDAY. NOV. 84th Nams in tho Ropublican JudicialColumnSUPPORT HIM‘‘Man Should Develop IndividualPotvers^^^ Says Russell in Lecture“In all dealings with human be¬ings, I should wish to develop theirpower to stand alone, and not to turnthem into blind soldiers in an armymarching tow'ard the destruction ofall things that make life worth liv¬ing,” declared Bertrand Russell con¬cluding the last of his series of fourlectures on “Power: A New SocialAnalysis,” yesterday afternoon. “Whatis best in human life is somethingindividual. What one gets collec¬tively is never the best of which hu¬man nature is capable.”If democracy is to be preserved,Russell believes that intense collec¬tive excitement, ordinarily manifestedby fear or rage, must be avoided. Todispel the danger of mass hysteria, hewould work to produce in the veryyoung the scientific temper, a posi¬tion half way between skepticism anddogmatism. “Children should always hear, elo¬quently presented, both sides of everycontroversial question, so that theywould .soon be immune to eloquenceand would make their decisions al¬ways on rational, rather than on emo¬tional grounds,” Russell stated.Men like Confucius and Socrates,who were the first to formulate thegreat ethical doctrines which formthe basis of modern morals, have hadmore power in changing human lifethan any other group, except perhapsthe founders of the scientific method,Russell asserted.“Any person who wants to see theworld better than it is wants power,”he said. “Not to want it is to be pure¬ly selfish. However, power should notbe desired for its own sake, but forthe benefit of mankind. That is theprinciple which all the great moralteachers had in common.” IPs Almost a Giftonly3THE DAILYMAROONTHE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1938 Page ThreeCrossCountry Wages and Hours Act Will BeBeneficial toLabor, Says DouglasBy PEARL C. RUBINSCollege serves as a vaccination a-gainst the tirades of cranks, accord¬ing to Professor William Jaffe ofNorthwestern University . .. says Pro¬fessor Jaffe, “Men and women tem¬pered by four years of exposure todisinterested scholarship are less like-Iv to fall victims to mass hysteria,(0 corroding personal ambition, and tostupid fashions.”'To call the University of Chicago,Chicago University is an inexcusablefreshman error, but the SyracuseDaily Orange hit a new high when itdescribed Chicago as “Cook County’sfamous University.” . . . Fraternity,Liberty, and Equality might well bethe slogan of two hundred and fiftyfreshmen men at Miami Universitywho recently signed a petition to pro¬test the segregation of Universitymen and women at football games.The freshmen claimed sitting togetherwill “enhance cheering and revive thespirit of the cheering section.”A new slant on peace education hasbeen introduced by the Society ofFriends . . . this program consists ofa series of “peace retreats” for col¬lege students in different parts of theUnited States. Peace activities for theyear will be planned and the delegateswill be responsible for loading cam¬pus-wide peace programs . . . Despitecampus peace activities, the enroll¬ment in military and naval trainingcourses have increased, due to the re¬cent war scares. At Harvard, navalscience enrollment has doubled thatof a year ago and military instruc¬tion registration is up a third.The University of Texas must havesomething . . . their two swimmingstars Adolf Kiefer, world and Olympicbackstroke champion, and Ralph Flan-nagan, holder of thirty-five nationalrecords, declined an invitation to athree month tour of the world to re¬main at U. T. ... At the Universityof Kansas, men students recently ob¬served their thirty-sixth annual night¬shirt parade . . . attired in variousstyles and models of “shoittails,”nightgowns, and pajamas, the stu¬dents snake danced down the “maindrag.”Holland Ehle, a columnist on theHall State News touched a sore spotin the qualifications of the freshmanclass when he stated, “There is agrowing opinion on the campus thatthe first freshman term should bedevoted exclusively to non-preparedgym, library .science, writing, andspelling. The lamentable fact about jthe whole mess is that kindergarten jof higher education is necessary.” IOn November 8, California citizenswill vote on an initiative measure en¬titled “State Humane Pound Law.”To U.C.L.A. zoology teaching assis¬tant, Clifford Grobstein . . . “In thisinnocent title lies concealed an in¬sidious, but unspectacular attack onmedical and biological research.” “Monopolistic exploitation of laborwill be considerably reduced as a re¬sult of the wages and hours act whichwent into effect this week,” declaredPaul Douglas, professor of Economics.“Over 750,000 wage earners in theUnited States will be benefited bythe legislation. This is especially truein the South where some wages areunbelievably low. I see no reason forthe general wage rate to be reducedin areas where it is more than thetwenty-five cent minimum. Thereshould be little effect on these groupsof workers.”No Increase In EmploymentDouglas expects no increase in em¬ployment or great stimulation ofbusiness, although there will be mostprobably some increase in the activityof consumer goods industries andsome lag in capital goods industries.Employers will have less funds to in¬vest in additional equipiyent.He foresees a slight possibility fordecentralization of industries in areaswhere the legal wage rate is higherthan in other communities. This, how¬ever, is dependent upon the action ofthe wages and hours committees forthe various industries, which willfurther regulate wages.“Of course, the effectiveness of theact depends upon its administration,”he declared. “The present setup be¬tween the government and the state labor boards seems particularly desir¬able.”Three alternate courses of legal ac¬tion put teeth into the law, he said.The government may either sue orseek a federal injunction. The workersmay sue and can recover double theamount they should have received plusall legal costs.Douglas does not think the legisla¬tion is particularly harmful to busi¬ness, A national minimum wage offorty cents an hour at the presenttime might be ruinous, he declared,but not the prescribed rate.Gottschalk TalksOn World CrisesLouis Gottschalk, chairman of theHistory department, will discuss theprofessional problems of graduatesof that department tonight at 7:30 inSocial Science 122. Marshall Knappen,assistant professor of English His¬tory, will talk on the recent worldcrises in the light of his visit to Eng¬land this summer.The History Club, which sponsorsthis meeting, is a graduate organiza¬tion that sponsors lectures on popularsubjects about once a month; how¬ever all students of the University arewelcome.The Free Mind— Council ArrangesFor November 10As Freshman DayFrom the first meeting of the new¬ly organized Freshman Council, aplan emerged yesterday for settingaside Thursday, November 10, as“Freshman Day.”The day will be started with afreshman rally in the Circle at noon.This will be followed by a programin Mandel Hall at 3 which, accordingto the Council, will consist of a swingconcert by a large city orchestra, ashort presentation by Blackfriars,and possibly an address by someprominent personality.In the evening a banquet and openhouse will be held at Ida Noyes. TheMaroon may also publish a specialFreshman issue.Dalton Porter and Ed Spauldingwill handle publicity for the affairand Dale Scott, Jerome Holland, Clar-abelle Grossman, Betty Munger, JeanCameron, and president Allan Drey-fuss, will head committees to carryout the council’s plans. Tomorrow’s PulseFeatures Cartoons,Publicity SurveyThe second issue of Pulse will beout tomorrow. Departing from theanti-comic tradition which was builtup by its originators last year, thisissue will feature cartoons by JohnPatrick. There will be a feature storyon the Ogburn Research, a survey ofthe publicity of the University, anda story on the Maroon story of theMichigan game.Pulse will again give five dollarsin due bills to the club whose mem¬bers win the second annual Pulseselling contest. Each club may enterfive girls. Copies of the magazine maybe had after 7:30 at the Pulse officein Lexington Hall tomorrow. Onlythose copies which are sold before5:30 will be counted in the contest.Spanish ClubMeets at Ida NoyesCourtier—(('ontinued from page 1)set up to insure a more democratic,co-operative organization, a systemwhich Roger's deemed “cumbersomeand unco-operative.”Controversy arose over advertising,particularly over the type of adver¬tising to be included in a dormitorynewspaper. Issue came up also as towhether or not Rogers would be al¬lowed to get commissions on ads thathe sold since the Dean’s office rulesthat no single person on a Board ofControl may collect commission on adsuntil the end of the year when profitsshall be split accordingly. In addition,argument arose as to whether ornot it should be a profit-making ven¬ture.To date, advertising has been theonly income of the sheet. The $27costs of the first printed issue werecovered by Charner Perry, head of thehalls, in order tha^ an initial copymight be shown to the Dean’s officefor approval.The paper was first resurrected byEd Meyers last year, who, with theaid of Rogers, set up the Courtier asa mimeographed weekly sheet. Thisyear Rogers had brighter prospectsin view for the paper, intending topublish it weekly, with advertisingfree to all residents of dormitories.The first issue appeared last week.The next one scheduled to appear to¬day, is being written by the remain¬ing four members of the Board. (Continued from page 1)may range at will over the good andthe bad. To be free to operate well,therefore, the mind requires habitsthat fix it on the good. So St. Augus¬tine remarked that virtue, or goodhabits is the right use of our free¬dom. What is needed for free mindsis di.scipline, discipline which formsthe habits which enable the mind tooperate well. Nothing better can besaid on this subject than the concisesUitement of John Dewey. “The dis¬cipline,” he said, “that is identicalwith trained power is also identicalwith freedom.” The free mind isthe first of all the disciplined mind.The first step in education is to givethe mind good habits.The next step in the education offree minds is the understanding ofwhat is good. The mind cannot befree if it is a slave to what is bad.It is free if it is enslaved to what isgood. To determine the good and theorder of goods is the prime object ofall moral and political education. Wecannot hope that one who has neverconfronted these issues can be eithera good citizen or a good man. Yettoday it is perfectly possible to at¬tain to the highest reaches of theuniversity without every facing thesequestions. An educational systemwhich does not make these questionsthe center of its attention is not aneducational system at all. It is a largescale housing venture. It may be ef¬fective in keeping young people outof worse places until they can go towork. It cannot contribute to thegrowth of free minds.I do not suggest that everybody inthe educational system must give thesame answers to the questions whatis good and what is the order of goods.The books of great thinkers fivingand dead when read in the perspective iof history show that many differentanswers can be defended. But I do in¬sist that in the educational systemthese questions must be attacked.Otherwise we cannot hope to preparethe rising generation to face the greatproblem of our time.4i « IIIFor the great problem of our timeis moral, intellectual, and spiritual. With a superfluity of goods we aresinking into poverty. With a multitudeof gadgets we are no happier than wewere before. With a declining deathrate we have yet to discover what weshould do with our lives. With a hatredof war we are heading inevitably to¬ward it. With a love of liberty we seemuch of the world in chains.How can these things be? They canbe because we have directed our livesand our education to means insteadof ends. We have been concerned withthe transitory and superficial insteadof the enduring and basic problems oflife and of society.If we look at our difficulties in thislight we see that the New Frontier isneither geographical nor economic.The New Frontier is the frontier thatseparates the realities of human lifefrom the aspirations of the humanspirit. If we are to conquer this fron¬tier, we must have intelligence andcharacter, wisdom and will. We mustdiscipline ourselves to understandwhat is good and what is the order ofgoods. The conquest of the New Fron¬tier must be the work of free minds. The Spanish Club is giving a divi¬sional tea this evening at 7:30 in IdaNoyes Hall. All Spanish studentsand those who are interested in Span¬ish things will have the opportunity ofmeeting the faculty. Entertainmentwill consist of Spanish songs andskits. Later in the year the Clubhopes to have a Fiesta.CLASSIFIEDFOR SALE—1937 deluxe Ford sedan; larttetrunk, radio, heater, excellent care. In¬quire information office. Press bldg.I LOST—Key ring; largest key numbered 645.j Call Rm. 645, International Hse. for re¬ward.SAXOPHONE Eb Orig. $137; will sell for$16 or trade for what have you. CallDor. 2010 evenings—ask for Tom. Exchange DinnersStart TonightContinuing a practice which lastyear met with great success, the firstof this year’s series of dormitory “ex¬change” dinners will be held this eve¬ning between Foster Hall and Jud-son and Burton Courts.Under the direction of the entryheads and their wives from the men’sdormitories, 48 participants will beguests tonight for dinner and danc¬ing.Future dinners will also be ar-ranged with Beecher and Kelly Halls,and although only those who ask toparticipate may attend the dinner,everyone may take part in the danc¬ing which will follow in Judson Courtlounge.MITZIE'S FLOWER SHOPFor Ritzie CorsagesSee MitzieWe DeliverMidway 4020 1233 E. 55th St.Miss PearseKIMBARK DINING ROOM6230 KIMBARK AVE. DORCHESTER 8222Homelike CookingLUNCH—11 a. m. to 2 p. m. — 25c to 50cDINNER—Week Days—5 to 8 p. m. — 50c to 75cSundays—12 to 8 p.m.—55c to 80cWE ARRANGE CLUB LUNCHEONSBerwanger ExplainsFootball TechniquesThe WAA is sponsoring a talk byJay Berwanger on football today intne library of Ida Noyes Hall, from12:30 to 1:15. All men and womenare invited to attend. The purposeof Berwanger’s talk will be to enlight¬en the spectators on the technicalitiesof football so that they will be able toenjoy football games more thorough¬ly- ummsiTJMWioiiERy100 SHEETSIOOehvcioksmTHOUT SOLChoice of Polo Groyor Whit* SororityCroftM paper.FOR SCHOOL USEName and address in three lines is printedon sheets and envelope flaps. The seal ofany university, college, or crest of anyNational Fraternity will be placed in up¬per l^t hand corner of sheets only.Enter my order for University Stationeryas checked below, to be printed as fol¬lows: WITH COUEHESEALName.AddressCityIf seal is desired please designate herefor what college or fraternitySeal for — Special for OctoberWOODWORTHS BOOK STORE1311E. 57th St. Chicago. Ill. FOR PERSONALUSENama and addrastit printad on shaattand anvalopa flapsas shown in darkblua ink.Actual shaft tiza it6'/4x9'/2.Check paper wantedSORORITY CRAFTEXBlua Ink□POLO GREYBlua InkCash EnclosedNo C. O. D.’sor Phone OrdersPage Four THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1938THE DAILY MAROON SPORTSShaughnessy Juggles Lineup inEffort to Find Winning TeamGoodstein and V a 1 o r zAre Moved to BolsterForward Wall.Revision of the first team is noth¬ing new to the football squad thesedays as Coach Shaughnessy continuesto change his line and experimentwith new players in an effort to fillseveral gaps in the forward wall.Most startling changes to date findMort Goodstein, regular fullback, attackle and Ed Valorz hard-hittinghalf, at end. Both men are plungingbacks, and since virtually all theground Chicago has gained to datehas been earned through passing,their efforts have not netted muchyardage.Experienced Men In BackfieldShaughnessy believes that Good-stein’s and Valorz’s presence in theline will afford added protection toChicago’s passers. The backfield stillhas an experienced body of men inMeyer, who has been playing quar¬terback and calling signals, Daven¬port, Sherman, at half, Kimball, anewcomer at fullback, and Hamityalternating between half and full¬back spots.Hugh Rendleman, 216 pound tackle,whose position will now be filled byGoodstein, is to be moved to center,alternating with Wheeler and Greene-baum.Jim Cassels suffered a leg injuryin the Ohio State game, and is tem¬porarily out of the lineup. Willis Lit-tleford, who plays end and shares thepunting burden with Remy Meyerand Bob Wasem, was also injured.He received a badly cut lip as theresult of a kick in the face.Although he still is not in perfectcondition. Bob Wasem will probablysee much action against DePauw Sat¬urday. Freshman GridPlayer Falls IIIAfter PracticeFreshman half-back John Chapmanwalked downstairs to the locker roomfollowing the finish of Monday night’spractice, climbed on a rubbing table,and after taking off his shoes, fellback unconscious. He laid there 20minutes before his condition was dis¬covered by Wally Bach, team trainer,who commissioned teammate Lawr¬ence Hey worth to drive Chapman toBillings hospital.No symptoms of a concussion of thebrain were found, according to DoctorDudley Reed, who also said the natureof the half back’s ailment remainsundiagnosed. He added that in alllikelihood the difficulty did not arisefrom Monday’s practice.Played Without HelmetChapman, the son of John WilliamChapman, president of the Univer¬sity of Chicago Alumni club, playedboth offense and defense the night ofhis injury without a helmet. At onepoint. Coach Bud Jordan, pointed outto Chapman the possibility of his col¬lecting a pair of boxer’s ears.During scrimmage he gave evidenceof unusual fatigue. He breathed withnoticeable difficulty after running aseries of plays that left his team¬mates merely perspiring. He alsocomplained of having a pain in hisside.While on the table in the lockerroom, other freshmen paid littlenotice to him except to fling a fewjibes about his not being able to takeit, until Azad Sartesian dropped acold towel over his face. Chapman Sigma Chi StagesDouble Header;Cains Even BreakPhi Delts Score OnceOver ZBT’s in CloseGame.TODAY’S GAMESPsi U vs. ADPhi “B”DKE vs. Phi PsiKappa Sig vs. Phi Kappa SigPi Lamb vs. Phi GamSigma Chi was featured in Intra¬mural touchball games yesterday, astheir souad played a double-header.They split their two games, winningfrom the Chi Psis, but lost decisivelyto the Psi U “B” team in their othergame. The only other game of theday was between the Zeta Betes andthe Phi Delts. The Phi Delts won ina tightly played contest by the closescore of 7-0.In the first game Sigma Chi lost18-6 but despite the fact that thesame tired team played in the secondencounter they eked out a 12-6 vic¬tory, The only Chi Psi score in thatsecond game came from a fumble re¬covered by Thompson. Parmelee andClark accounted for the winner’stallies.Zeta Beta Tau’s game with theirneighbors the Phi Delts was featuredby a lack of scoring, the only touch¬down of the game coming halfwaythrough the second half when Doo¬little received a short pass from Ma¬honey to cross the final marker.Farwell scored the extra point bymeans of a completed pass.Today’s games and the two to beplayed on Friday will complete thepreliminary fraternity schedule forthe year. Finals will begin the fol¬lowing week.moved not a muscle. Bach was calledand, seeing him unconscious, had himsent to the hospital. Experienced GymSquad PreparesFor Good SeasonThis year’s gymnastic squad turn¬out is large and, according to CoachDan Hoffer, presents some brightprospects for the year. Captain ofthe Maroon team which is NationalIntercollegiate champion is ErwinBeyer who is rated as one of the bestall-round men in the Conference.Other members of the squad includeJim Failey, Sam Guy, Glenn Pierre,A1 Robertson, and Mitchell Sniecow-ski.These men comprise a group whoseactivities cover all the required eventsin both the Conference and NationalCollegiate Athletic Associations,The events in the conference com¬petition include horizontal and paral¬lel bars, flying rings, side horse, andtumbling. National competition re¬quires two more events, the longhorse and the rope climb.Scheduled meets for this season in¬clude ones with Illinois, Iowa, andMinnesota. The feature event of theyear will be the second National Col¬legiate meet which is to be held atthe University.Ping Pong, BilliardsContests ProgressThe Reynolds C7ub table tennis andpocket billiards tournaments are wellinto the second round. Ping pongfavorites are John Krietenstien andJ. Ernest Wilkens, while freshmenBud Lifton and Stanley Levy aremaking good showings. Arrangementsare now being made with Northwest¬ern and other Big Ten schools forteam matches.Favored to repeat in the billiard icontest on the second floor of the IClub are Ted Engleman, William ISpitzer, Bob Stein and several other jfinalists from other years, | LockerRoom* * »I By HART WURZBURGI and BILL GRODYOn almost any afternoon of theyear one can find Van behind thecage in Bartlett Gymnasium, readyto issue a locker card, a towel or abasketball to any student.W^e found Van in his traditionalspot yesterday afternoon and as usu¬al he was ready to discuss the pros¬pects for another season at Bartlett.* « *With three week of the school yearalready a memory, the gym is busierthan ever for this time of the year.Already the locker room is nearlyfilled to capacity with but few re¬maining lockers available for anywould-be athletes.Swimming and ba.sketball continueto be the most popular pastimes ofboth graduates and undergraduates.Unknow’n to most people, however, isthe fact that gymnastics Coach DanHoffer is available several times dur¬ing the week for a general exerciseclass. Also Spyros Vorres, wrestlingmentor, will teach any desirous stu¬dent the art of self defense.* * «Jut across Stagg Field on EllisAvenue stands the West Stands, thehome of the squash and handballcourt. Although squash rackets andballs are available, students are re¬quested to provide their own equip¬ment for continual use. Handballs,however, will be furnished to theplayers.I Incidentally when the present foot-i ball season becomes just a matter ofrecord and Coach Shaughnessy hasI rested from a trying two months ofpractice, he may be found on thehandball court in the role of teacher.Youll find smokerseverywhere keeping Chester¬fields with them all day long.They add to your pleasure whenyou’re on the job and when youtake a night off.It takes good things to make a goodproduct. That’s why we use the bestingredients a cigarette can have— mild ripe tobaccos and purecigarette paper—to make Chestserfield the cigarette that smokerssay is milder and better-tasting...with MORE PLEASUREfor millionsPaul WhitemanEvery Wednesday EveningGeorge GracieBurns AllenEvery Friday EveningAll C. B. S. StationsEddie DooleyFootball HighlightsEvery Thursday and Saturday52 Leading N. B. C. StationsCopyright 1938, Licgftt & Myers Tobacco Co,