IMAGAZINE-Iw>vf hades of the^\DEPARTMENTS hicagoVOLUME 87, NUMBER 6 AUGUST 1995 £ ^W2 Editor's notes3 Letters9 EventsCampus activity heats up.Plus, Akeste encountersCelimene, 20 years later.10 InvestigationsA Chicago recipe jor cuttinggang violence goes national.Also: "African Eve" meetsAdam.12 Chicago journalThe Biological SciencesDivision welcomes a newdean; Chicago andArgonneremain an item; and theCampaign Jor the NextCentury shoots past the$5O0-mi!!ion mark.36 Class news45 Deaths46 Books by alumni48 Other voicesJosette Dermody Wingo,PhB'48, on the joys ojbeinga Gljill. 162831Cover. FEATURESShooting the bluesAt her South Side nightclub, Theresa kept the lid on,Junior tore the rooj off — and Marc PoKempner, AB'73,caught it all on film.TIM ANDREW OBERMILLERChey's wayLike the powerful Korean conglomerate he leads, CheyJong Hyon, AM'61, stands out from the crowd.MICHAEL NEWMANWorkshirt manifestoTo dress the part of a 1960s campus radical, a first-yearCollege student had to have a blue-denim workshirt.CHERI REGISTERThe baboons of KenyaIn their decades on the savanna, researchers Jeanne andStuart Altmann have discovered a rich social world.ANDREW CAMPBELLErnest Johnson plays thebass at Theresa's (page 16);photograph by MarcPoKempner, AB'73.Opposite: Jeanne Altmann,PhD'79, studies the WestAfrican baboons at theBrookfield Zoo (page 31);photograph by Dan Dry. Page 24Page 28EditorMaty Ruth YoeManaging EditorTim Andrew ObermillerAssociate EditorAndrew CampbellArt DirectorAllen CarrollEditorial AssistantKimberly SweetContributing EditorsJamie Kalven, Joe LevineEditorial office: The University of ChicagoMagazine, Robie House, 5757 WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312)702-2163; fax (312) 702-2166. The Magazine is sent to all University of Chicago alumni.The University of Chicago Alumni Associationhas its offices at Robie House, 5757 WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312)702-2150; fax (312) 702-2166.World Wide Web address: University of Chicago AlumniAssociation Board of Governors:Officers: Linda Thoren Neal, AB'64, JD'67, president; Bob Levey, AB'66, vice president; Gregory G. Wrobel, AB'75, JD'78, MBA'79,treasurer; Michael J. Klingensmith, AB'75,MBA'76, secretary; Jeanne Buiter, MBA'86,'executive director.Andrew M. Alper, AB'80, MBA'81; Frank Baker,AB'94; Dennis M. Barden, 'Assistant Vice President for Development; Richard L. Bechtolt,PhB'46, AM'50; Katharine L. Benson, AB'80;Jack J. Carlson, AB'40; Trina Newstein Frankel,AB'64; Caroline Heck, AB'71; Le Roy J. Hines,Jr., AM'78; Randy Holgate, 'Vice President,Development and Alumni Relations; SusanCarlson Hull, AB'82; Douglas M. Jackman,AB'89; Michael C. Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76;Joseph D. LaRue, AM'59; Katherine DusakMiller, AB'65, MBA'68, PhD'71; Joyce K.Newman, PhD'55; Theodore A. O'Neill, AM'70,'Dean of College Admissions; Susan W. Parker,AB'65; Frederick O. Paulsell, Jr., AB'62,MBA'63; Harvey B. Plotnick, AB'63; Louise E.Rehling, AM'70, SM'74; Jean Maclean Snyder,AB'63, JD'79; David M. Terman, AB'55, SB'56,MD'59; Mary B. Van Meerendonk, AB'64;Walter H. A. Vandaele, MBA'73, PhD'75; PeterO. Vandeivoort, AB'54, SB'55, SM'56, PhD'60;Mary Ruth Yoe, 'Editor, University of Chicago Editors Notes'Ex OfficioMagazine Advisory Committee: Michael J.Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76, chair, Richard L.Bechtolt, PhB'46, AM'50; Susan Carlson Hull,AB'82; Michael C. Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76; BobLevey, AB'66; Katherine Dusak Miller, AB'65,MBA'68, PhD'71; Peter 0. Vandervoort, AB'54,SB'55, SM'56, PhD'60; Marva Watkins, AB'63.The University of Chicago Magazine (ISSN-0041-9508) is published bimonthly (October,December, February, April, June, and August)by the University of Chicago In cooperation withthe Alumni Association, Robie House, 5757Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago IL 60637. Published continuously since 1907. Second-classpostage paid at Chicago and additional mailingoffices. POSTMASTER: Send address changesto the University of Chicago Magazine, AlumniRecords. Robie House, 5757 WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. © 1995 Universityof Chicago. FIFTEEN MINUTES OF (SPORTS) FAME: THEstraw-hatted pundit steadying a half-smoked stogie in one hand and theJune issue of the University of ChicagoMagazine in the other is Bill Gleason, asports columnist for the Daily Southtown.The scene is the poker-table set of Sports-writers on TV, a sports talk show producedby a Chicago-based cable station, theSportsChannel, and syndicated across theU.S.The topic under discussion one week inJune was U of C economist Allen Sanderson's nine-inning analysis of the financialrealities undergirding Major League Baseball. Sanderson's "Bottom-Line Drive" wasintroduced as "a list of nine things the baseball owners should know.""My question to you," one of Gleason'scolleagues began, "is: Have the owners readthis list?""I doubt it," Gleason harrumphed,"because what owner would subscribe tothe University of Chicago Magazine?"We're not sure, from our side of the fence,just how many owners watch Sportswriterson TV, but if any of them caught that particular episode, they witnessed a lively discussion in which the writers took turnspronouncing their favorite Sanderson arguments.Only Bill Jauss of the Chicago Tribunetook issue with one of the article's "inn ings," Sanderson's contention that it costsless than ever to take a family of four out tothe ball game — but he still admitted, "Pal,eight out of nine is pretty good." Translatedinto the language of batting averages, that's.889.Gleason got his copy of the issue fromBill Barnard, AB'47, of Hinsdale, 111. Meanwhile, Fred Howell, MBA'72, of GrandRapids, Mich., provided similar grist forBob Becker's column in the Grand RapidsUnion sports pages. Before summarizingSanderson's article for his readers, Beckermodestly admitted that because the Magazine "is a scholarly publication, most of itsarticles zing way above my head."Though the editorial staff appreciatedBecker's plug for "Bottom-Line Drive,"we're still wondering just what part ofJune's article on Madonna he didn't understand.Planes, trains, and credit where dueIn "Moving Pictures" (June/95), we forgotto credit photographer Stephen Longmire.In addition, the story's opening imageshould have been credited as follows: "TheLittle House by Virginia Lee Burton, ©1942by Virginia Lee Demetrios, ©renewed 1969by George Demetrios. Reprinted by permission of Houghton Mifflin Company. Allrights reserved." — M.R.Y.2 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995LettersSpoilsportStrike one! Watch other people playsports, rather than playing themyourself. Strike two! Worry abouthow much money the players aremaking, ratherthan enjoying theirachievements androoting for yourfavorites! Strikethree! Listen to aneconomist explainthe intricacies ofwho gets howmuch, and why.What a satire!Sports as a public-policy problem["Bottom-LineDrive," June/95] ,waiting for (whatelse?) the properfree-market solution. Most of uscan't do the propercalculations toknow what amountof athletic excellence our sportsdollar should command, but we may relyon professional economists to tell uswhether we are being cheated, and by howmuch.The real problem, I submit, is the misplaced application of economic categoriesto activities that shouldn't be sullied bythem. The knowledge gained by such anapplication is worse than useless. Now ifyou'll excuse me, I'm going out to theplayground to shoot some hoops....Philip Cafaro, AB'84Brookline, MassachusettsSports and taxesJt was very refreshing to hear that mostof what we read in the sports pagesabout the money matters of sports ispatent nonsense.But in his paragraph on owners' profits,the author failed to make any mention ofthe size of municipal taxpayers' subsidies tothe owners, their effect on those profits,and what would happen to the teams ifthose subsidies were eliminated. That is the only subject many of us are interested in, asI don't attend or watch sports events inwhich the players are oversexed, overpaid(regardless of what Mr. Sanderson says),ignorant, and mean. I love soccer!Bert Metzger, JD'61SeattlehicagoThe greening ofAmerica's gameOur readers throw some curve balls Allen Sandersonresponds: In the article's ninth inning, Ido note owners'successes at gettingprotection and subsidies all the wayfrom Washington,D.C., to Washington state. Thecartel's ability toplay musical chairswith cities and franchises, where thereis always at leastone vacant locationa team can threatento move to, hasallowed individualowners and professional sports leaguesto redistribute sizable sums of money fromtaxpayers to themselves and, indirectly,their players.This is currently, as Mr. Metzger pointsout, a significant source of franchise profitability, and also a reason — once the teamhas successfully extracted all of thesemonies from its community — that thebottom-line impact on a city's economyfrom a team coming or going (or getting citizens to build the team a new stadium) isnegligible.Ballpark franknessDo we pay our ballplayers too much,our schoolteachers too little? Howdo we price water and diamonds(baseball or other)? Was Joe DiMaggioreally a girl's best friend?Professor Sanderson has the old response:"The answer — whether water and diamonds or schoolteachers and ball-players —is that the relative scarcity at the margin,not the total value, determines the price."Baseball remains the favorite sport of When you visitChicago fora weekend,a week,or a month,stay atWOODED ISLE SUITES— studio andone-bedroomapartmentsfurnished toprovide you ahome away fromhome.Walk to the Universityof Chicago or theMuseum of Scienceand Industry, strollalong the lakefront,catch the bus or trainto the Loop, dine at anearby restaurant, ormake your own dinnerin your Suite.Come "home" toWooded Isle Suitesand relax after a dayof research,studying, meetings,or sightseeing.WOODED ISLE SHIES5750 South Stony Island AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637312-288-55781-800-290-6844University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995 3UNITED CD ROM INFO via Fix back at 1'217-352»8123New Releases, Product Information, etc.Other HOT TitlesNovastorm Man vs. computer showdown ....$35®HardBall4 S3211Mad Dog McCree II $34"Star Wars Authentic audio & video SIS"8Playboy Interviews SOyrs. of interviews SWKid Riffs Making music fun for children $31MStreet Atlas U.S.A. 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Help Hyperman catch extr•ki-aorStar Trek: The Next Generation,"n final Unity" by Spectrum HolobyteEmbark on an epic inter-galacticadventure beyond your imagination!An interac 'bridge— Starfleet depends on you.and arc Kibjctt to change without noticeProduct Satisfaction100% GUARANTEEDCALL NOWAmerican economists: It hotdogs values.Joseph Ryan, AM'60, PhD'69Yarmouth port, MassachusettsComps with classAs a "child" of the Hutchins College,1 enjoyed Tim Andrew Obermiller'sarticle "Comp Time" Qune/95). Hemakes some valid points, but I for one —among many — did attend classes and lectures. Just the comps without the classeswould have been a meager education.Together they taught me to challenge, todoubt, to analyze... in other words, to think.Just as Hutchins had intended.While this sort of education is not foreveryone, it did for me what it wanted to.As Tim wrote, "it was difficult to excel inthe tests," and I agree.Donna Dickey Guyer, AB'36Boynton Beach, FloridaComps with complexityThe article "Comp Time" shows thatalthough the author may have goneto class, he did not do his homework.The objective questions on comps —except perhaps from time to time as ajoke — did not contain "never" or "always."Often there was not a single correct answer;there might be two or three correctanswers. Sometimes there was a series ofinterconnected questions: If you went offon the wrong theoretical tack on the firstand your logic was consistent, you missedthem all. Importantly, essay questions werea major part, often half, of many comps.Look at the expressions on the kids' facesin the photograph that accompanied thearticle. They are not the expressions ofpeople breezing through a test. It is truethat you couldn't pass by buttering up theprof, or by virtue or a perfect attendancerecord, or by revising someone else's paperand turning it in as your own.Finally, there was no Hutchins College.As we presume it is today, it was the College of the University of Chicago. Let's notbe cute.Janet Benson Kaye, AB'48, AM'67E. Donald Kaye, AB'49Santa Fe, New MexicoOur emphasis on multiple choice was based,in part, on observations made by V of C distinguished professor emeritus of historyWilliam McNeill, AB'38, AM'39, who wrotein his 1991 book, Hutchins' University (U ofC Press): "The comprehensive examinationsdid sometimes resort to essay questions. Butessays were difficult to grade objectively, so, Talk back in class.4>C •PfsSay your piece. Speak your mind.Exchange ideas with your instructorsand fellow students. If that sounds likean interesting way to learn . . .you're right. Give us an evening aweek of your insight and we'll returnthe favor. The U of C Center forContinuing Studies at Crtyfront Plazaoffers nearly 50 highly interactiveliberal arts courses. Most courses last1 0 weeks and cost about $265. Andthat's something worth talking about.Call (312) 702-1722 or fax us at(312) 702-6814 for a catalog andcomplete information.How women View Women THE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOCENTER FOR CONTWVING STUDIESHistory of PhotographyUniversity of Chicago Magazine/August 1995ELDERHOSTELAT INTERNATIONAL HOUSETHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOOCTOBER 22-28, 1995• Celebrating Ethnic Diversity inChicago• Passageways to Heaven: Sacred Placesof Power• The Young Darwin's Voyage to theGalapagos IslandsNOVEMBER 12-18, 1995• Chicago in the 1890s: The Big Show,the Big Strike, and the Big University• Window to Islamic Society• Opera from the Ground Up:Combining Music and Theater in aWestern TraditionDECEMBER 10-16, 1995• Chicago Architecture — A HolidayTreat!• The Art of Listening: UnderstandingClassical Music• Chicago 3000 B.C.: Native Americansin the Chicago Area, Prehistory toTodayMARCH 24-30, 1996• Crisis in American Education: Battleof the Books• The Mythic Tradition in Literature• The Sonata Form in the ClassicalPeriod of MusicElderhostel offers educationalprograms for people age 55+. Revisitcampus, exchange ideas, make friendswith active, interesting people. Only$355 for a one-week program coversclasses, room, meals, and field trips.For Elderhostel information, freecatalog, and registration, contact:Elderhostel75 Federal StreetBoston, MA 021 10(617)426-8056Or conluct ns for more information at:International House Elderhostel1414 E. 59th StreetChicago. IL 60637(312)753-12926 University of Chicago Magazine/ Augus for the most part, the all-important examinations consisted of machine-scored multiple-choice questions. This was convenient andmeant that grades were assigned on a genuinely impersonal basis. "— Ed.Filling in the blanksYou only briefly touched on thevirtues of multiple-choice exams. Atmany universities now, multiple-choice exams have a terrible reputation,and. well they may have, given that eachprofessor constructs them in an essentiallyamateurish manner. Yet the Chicago"comps" really tested our intellectual abilities in the sense that students with highgrades in 14 comps would test well in anyother form of examination (except possiblyin writing skills). A huge effort was put intowriting the comps, with the writers conscious of, as you wrote, the coherentlydefined skills and knowledge students weresupposed to acquire from each course. Icannot remember any students' discussionsabout unfair student ranking or about inappropriate topics on the exam.My practical question: Has there been astudy of how the comps were constructed,what qualities made them effective? Can weleam from the comps how to build effectivemultiple-choice exams today? Finally, Iwould like to know: Are any copies of the1950s comps still in existence and availableto be copied?Donat G. Wentzel, AB'54, SB'55,SM'56, PhD'60Rockville, MarylandExam copies have been safely stored awayin the University Library. As to the construction and effectiveness of comps, such questionsare addressed in The Chicago College Plan(U of C Press, 1935) by forma' College deanChauncey Samuel Boucher. A copy is available in the UofC Archives. — Ed.High anxietyConcerning "Comp Time," the storyneglects the comprehensive examination system's most conspicuous consequence: It was almost perfectly calculatedto produce preexamination anxiety. The student had a long period to prepare for anexamination set by an impersonal board ofexaminers, with no objective indication inthe interim of how well he was doing.The condition became known as being"comp-crazy," and I have no doubt the psychiatric staff at Billings Hospital becamewell versed in it.George W. Hilton, AM'50, PhD'56Columbia, Marylandr 1995 Front and center: Ruth Wedge Mednick.Photographs and memoriesThe article "Comp Time" features anold photo from late summer 1945 ofa group in the Field House takingAdmissions Placement exams for all thebasic College courses. I am seated front andcenter — freshly discharged from the WAC,wearing my new suit of civilian clothes,new overcoat over the arm of the chair, andstill in government-issue shoes. The pin inmy lapel is the "ruptured duck" emblem ofhonorable discharge from service.Ruth Wedge Mednick, PhB'47, AM'55Ellicott City, MarylandRuth Lundeen MacKenzie Saxe, PhB'48,AM'52, also recognized herself — "with newshoes and glazed eyes, appropriate to Orientation Week" — in the photo. — Ed.Battle of the compsComp Time" brought back a lot ofmemories to me. Three hours in themorning and another three hours inthe afternoon covering each subject. Wecould take books into the exam, but itdidn't help. Anybody who brought detailedclass notes was also doomed to waste valuable time looking through those notesinstead of concentrating on the questions.Nerves were stretched to the breakingpoint, and every so often there would be agroan and someone would slump to thefloor.I was among the student veterans on theGI Bill, surrounded by brilliant 13-year-olds. We old geezers in our 20s wouldrather die than have these kids show us up.Still, the dropout rate in the first year wasabout 50 percent. I believe the Universityadmitted veterans like myself on the basisFor all who came to Reunion '95...Thanks for the memories!Celebratewith yourclass in9 ReunionMay 31-June 2Save the date!For more information, please Or write to:The University of ChicagoAlumni Association5757 Woodlawn AvenueChicago, IL 60637of a curve rather than skim off the top scorers in the entrance exam. As it turned out,the results were the same all the way acrossthe curve, the same dropout rate for the topscorers as for those at the bottom or anywhere inbetween.Stan Gilson, AB'51New York CityCheesy elitismJt is ironic that, in his article "CompTime," Mr. Obermiller chose to take agratuitous potshot at correspondenceschools — it was none other than WilliamRainey Harper who pioneered the correspondence concept while at the U of C.I believe the ad Mr. Obermiller referred tois from International CorrespondenceSchools, a provider of vocational education,and a subsidiary of National EducationCorporation. The question is, what makes acorrespondence school "cheesy" (definition: "cheap. ..shabby")?ICS is a rather large company, operatingout of a handsome facility in Scranton,Penn., not shabby at all.Is it the quality of the education? Doubtful, because most of their graduates get jobsalter completing the training, and the materials are developed by experts in theirrespective fields. Is ICS training cheaperthan a degree from the U of C? Of course.Perhaps it's Sally Struthers and the cableadvertising that has bothered Mr. Obermiller — and here is the crux of the issue:ICS serves a totally different audience thanthe U of C, one that is attracted by different language and different media vehiclesthan your average U of C candidate. SallyStruthers and cable are totally appropriatefor ICS's audience. They probably wouldn't be motivated by a U of C catalog (or aninfomercial featuring Hugo Sonnen-schein).What is out of place is the "cheesy" comparison, because it exhibits an unnecessaryclassism and elitism. ICS is one ol the bestcorrespondence schools, and serves its students well. It has its place. So docs SallyStruthersJeffrey W. Getileman,JD74LtMON Grove, CaliforniaGovernment recallJn his letter in the June/95 issue titled¦ 1 he Big Lie," Charles G. Bill, MBA'61,writes that the phrase "that rarest ofthings: a successful government program"("Investigations," April/95) "should neverappear in the magazine of a fine university." Printing such criticism of the government reminds Bill "that the Federal Building in Oklahoma City was bombed byantigovernment militants."So much for the First Amendment,according to Mr. Bill, the ardent constitutionalist of Garden Grove, California. Ifone complains that government programs,even those in Russia, rarely work likeSwiss watches, then such "antigovernment" heresy equates — somehow — tomass murder in Oklahoma. Who taughtMr. Bill the art of the non sequitur,Torquemada?Evidendy never having met a governmentscheme he didn't like, Bill illustrates hiscurious thesis by pointing to such notabletriumphs as American public schools (isthe U.S. still ahead of Thailand in math?);Social Security (a federal Ponzi scam, aseven an M.B.A. should know); and theDesert Storm war (was Saddam Husseindeposed and Iraq made a model nation?).Mr. Bill closes with the lordly pronuncia-mento that when he attended the U of C"we thought ourselves in pursuit of truth."Keep up the chase, Mr. Bill, it's gettingaway from you!Robert W. Blair, X'43Flagstaff, ArizonaJust a theoryRegarding your citation entitled"Unscientific Americans" ("Investigations," June/95): If others of theNORC survey questions were as religio-philosophically (politically) loaded as theone on evolution [as to whether humansdeveloped from earlier species] , the surveyfails to test the scientific validity of respondents' thinking.Remember that the theory of evolution isjust that. It is an element of the secularhumanist religion, as creationism is an element of monotheistic religion. It is out ofthe realm of science to demand dogmatismin the realm of originsLee G. Kent, SM'55Greenville, South CarolinaAn unkind cutJn your June 1995 issue ("ChicagoJournal"), you talked about the new$20-million athletic center. What youdidn't report was that the athletic department plans to cut about 5100,000 from itsbudget over the next two years, and theboard ol athletics has already decided tocut varsity fencing after the 1995-96season.In the article, Tom Weingartner, associateprofessor and chair of physical educationand athletics, called the need for the newathletic complex "urgent." Unfortunately, Mr. Weingartner doesn't seem to feel thesame sense of urgency about saving varsitysports.In the past few years, U of C fencing produced a UAA champion and two-time Ail-American. The U of C is only the latest in alist of universities to cancel varsity fencingin the past five years or so. We are almostto the point where the NCAA will decidethat there aren't enough schools with fencing teams to warrant a national championship.Fencing is a great sport for those of us(both men and women) who don't have thephysical characteristics to participate in thesports designed to develop professional athletes. Instead, fencing relies on tacticalthinking; balance; precise coordination ofeyes, hands, and feet; and patience. I canthink of no sport that better represents theUniversity of Chicago spirit.Anyone interested in varsity sport at theU of C has to ask, "Is my team next?" Thefencing budget is only one-third of theamount the department plans to cut. Thatleaves about $65,000 in cuts yet to bemade.If the University can raise $20 million fora new athletic complex, why can't it raiseanother $100,000 to save varsity sports?Concerned alumni are requested to contactHugo Sonnenschein, or fencing coachJanusz Steplowski at 708/289-3961. Let'snot tear down varsity athletics at the sametime we're building a new athletic center.Allen Zeyher, AB'90ChicagoWhite and Finer rememberedFor a collection of recollections ofhow two political science professors — Leonard White and HermanFiner — influenced their students' thinkingand careers, alumni are urged to contributetheir memories and anecdotes, which willbe shared with all who respond.Please send your reminiscences to me at2475 Virginia Avenue, N.W., #518, Washington, D.C 20037.David Jickling, AB'48, AM'51, PhD'53Washington, D.C.The Magazine invito letters on the contentsof the magazine or on topics related to theUniversity. Letters for publication, whichmust be signed, may be edited for lengthand/or clarity. To ensure the widest range ofvoices, preference is given to letters of nomore than 300 words.Address letters to: Editor, University ofChicago Magazine, 5757 Woodlawn Ave.,Chicago, IL 60637. The Internet address University of Chicago Magazine/August iy«5Events Center StageExhibitionsMFA 1995, through August 27. Paintings, drawings, and photography by seven recent MFA graduates of the University's Midway Studios. SmartMuseum; call 702-0200.20/20: Twenty Master Drawings for TwentyYears, through September 3. Celebrating the role ofdrawing in Western art and underscoring its importance in the Smart Museum's collection during thelast 20 years, the 20 still lifes, landscapes, allegories,historical scenes, and life drawings in this exhibitionrange from a sketch by French impressionist CamillePissarro to a drawing by 16th-century Dutch painterAbraham Bloemaert. Smart Museum; call 702-0200.Banks and Bubbles: The Earl J. Hamilton Collection on the History of Economics, through October2. Books, prints, and other materials from the collection of Earl J. Hamilton, an economist at Chicagofrom 1947 to 1967, chiefly feature the developmentof commerce and trade in England, France, andSpain in the 17th and 18th centuries. The collectionfocuses on Scottish financier John Law and his"Mississippi Bubble" scheme that ruined manyprominent investors in London and Paris in theearly 1700s. Special Collections; call 702-8705.Woman in the Eyes of Man: Images of Womenin Japanese Art, September 12-December 3. Featuring 35 paintings, prints, and illustrated booksfrom the Field Museum's Boone Collection, thisshow presents representations of women's roles in18th- and 19th-century Japan. The set of idealizedfeminine types includes the moral paragon, thealluring beauty, and the selfless care-giver; portrayals of women as venerated goddesses, strange creatures, and frightening spirits are also examined.Smart Museum; call 702-0200.Building Collections: Celebrating 25 Years of theJoseph Regenstein Library, September 21-January5. Using "building" to mean both physical space andintellectual activity, this exhibition highlights 25notable book, manuscript, and archival collectionsacquired by the University Library since it opened in1970. Special Collections; call 702-8705.Ludwig Rosenberger: The Reader as Collector,opening September 21. Born in Munich in 1904,Rosenberger left Germany in 1924 and spent fouryears in Palestine before immigrating to the U.S.This exhibit explores how Rosenberger's life andreading shaped his vision as a collector of booksand other materials portraying Jewish history. Special Collections; call 702-8705.Rodney Graham, October 1-November 12. TheCanadian artist's first Midwest museum exhibitionpremieres a time-based musical installation, School ofVelocity. Taking the first 1,116 notes of Carl Czemy'sSchool of Velocity, a collection of piano exercises,Graham introduced a systematic interpolation ofrests, based on Galileo's "law of free fall," to createhis own composition. The score hangs on the wallsas a computer hooked up to a piano performs thepiece, which stretches over exactly 24 hours. TheRenaissance Society; call 702-8670.TheaterCelimene and the Cardinal, Wednesdays and | eanwhile, back at the Palace: Set among the wealthy elite of the court ofI Louis XIV, Moliere's The Misanthrope centers on the relationship between theflirtatious, worldly Celimene (Hollis Resnik, above left) and the sober, righteousAlceste (Kevin Gudahl), whose disgust for the superficial court society thatCelimene embodies eventually overrides his love for her. As the play ends, Alcestestalks off in search of a remote desert exile.Twenty years later — according to Jacques Rampal's Celimene and the Cardinal, firstperformed in 1992 in Paris — Alceste, who has become a cardinal in the CatholicChurch, returns to court and encounters Celimene, now an unhappily marriedmother of four. How well the two resolve their past is open to interpretation.Having won three Moliere awards — the French equivalent of Broadway's Tonys —Celimene and the Cardinal comes to Court Theatre in the world premiere of its English translation. The cast and crew of Court's spring 1995 production of TheMisanthrope are retartiing to the theater to take up their roles in the sequel.Thursdays at 7:30 p.m., Fridays at 8 p.m., Saturdaysat 3 and 8 p.m., Sundays at 2:30 and 7:30 p.m., September 15-October 22. Jacques Rampal's play continues the story of Moliere's The Misanthrope. Alcesteis now a cardinal in the Catholic Church, whileformer coquette Celimene has an unhappy marriageand four children. Nevertheless, the irreconcilablelovers make an attempt to restore their romance.Court Theatre; call 753-4472. (See "Center Stage.")On the Quads"Saving the Monuments of the Ancestors: Preservation of Ancient Egyptian Tombs," September20 at 7 p.m. Emily Teeter, PhD'90, assistant curatorof the Oriental Institute, presents this slide lecturein conjunction with Illinois Archaeology AwarenessWeek. Oriental Institute; call 702-9520.Genetic, Etiological, and Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development: A Festschrift to Honor Dr. Daniel G. Freedman, October 27-29. AU of C professor emeritus, Freedman taught in thebehavioral-sciences department and the College for16 years, chairing the Committee on Human Development from mid-1992 to mid-1994. Colleaguesand students from across the country will gather tohonor him with speeches and a dinner party. Registration by October 15 is preferred. Ida Noyes Hall;call 702-3819.In the CityFirst Friday Lecture Series, first Friday of everymonth at 12:15 p.m. September 1: Continuing Studies lecturer George Anastaplo, AB'48, JD'51, PhD'64,on "King David: The Favorite of God?" October 6:Continuing Studies lecturer Zoe Eisenman, AM'89,on "Signs and Wonders: OTacles and Omens in theHistories of Herodotus," Chicago Cultural Center;call 702-1722.University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 9I nvestimtionsAttack on All FrontsHe has no magic bullet tofight gang violence, butIrving Spergel's plan seemsto work: Fire all you've got.Irving Spergel isn't trying to eliminategangs because, generally speaking, hedoesn't think that's possible. Thathasn't stopped the School of Social ServiceAdministration professor and author of TheYouth Gang Problem: A Community Approach(Oxford), who has spent decades studyingjuvenile delinquency, from trying to reducethe problem. Three years ago, he startedtesting a new strategy in the Little Villagearea of Chicago. Now the results from hisGang Violence Reduction Project arecoming in: Spergel's ideas appear to beworking. This summer, the U.S Department of Justice announced plans to take hisstrategy national with a five-city program.Spergel, who holds a joint appointment insociology, isn't claiming to have a quick fix,or a simple one. In fact, his approachsprings from research, which he conductedfor the Justice Department, showing thatsimple answers are exacdy what don't work:Gang members just need counseling andjobs; police just need to put more of themin jail; schools and youth agencies just needto warn pre-adolescents about gangs.Counseling alone, he says, doesn't reach agang's hardcore members. More arrestsdon't cut recidivism. And what Spergel callsthe "public-health model" of "inoculating"kids against gangs — an approach populartoday — doesn't alter the outside influencesthat breed gangs. Nor are such preventativemeasures efficient, he says: "Even in theworst areas, it's just a small number that arebecoming serious gang members."So in a violence-plagued Mexican-American neighborhood in southwest Chicago,Spergel is trying a "coordinated, comprehensive" tack. Organizations used to workingseparately now work together: police, probation officers, youth workers, job agencies, Target practice: Spergel's anti-gang strategy is getting results in Chicago's Little Village.schools, churches, and community groups.Youth workers tip off police to imminentgang retaliations; police try to get to knowgang members personally. The result is aprogram unique, Spergel says, in its multiplestrategies: suppressing crime, interveningand offering opportunities for gang members, and organizing a community.Also unique, he says, is the target population: not new gang members, who typicallyare as young as age 12, but the hardcoremembers — the 17- to 24-year-old malescommitting the worst violence, like drive-by shootings and homicide.A program targeting this age group,Spergel says, should have the greatest effect on gang violence. Even without intervention, young men usually leave the gangsbefore their mid-20s; by intervening,Spergel hopes to hasten that departure.To start, explains Spergel, "You need anintermediary — a former gang member or ayouth worker from the community — who'llbe a source of initial contact. Then youbuild on that contact, explain who youare." Eventually gang members learn whatkind of help job agencies and other groupsin the program can offer. The aim is to giveoptions, not lectures, says Spergel, and"help replace the gang structure," whichoften fills a void left when kids drop out ofschool or clash with their families.1 0 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995"But we've also got to protect the community," he adds. And the project does,according to police data comparing thenumber of gang offenders and incidents inLittle Village to similar areas in Chicago,both now and during the years before theproject began. So far, it has contacted about200 members of the area's gangs, the LatinKings and the Two-Six. The effect on gangviolence is significant, he says, thoughsometimes it's seen only by a drop in therate of increase in gang crimes.These results helped convince the JusticeDepartment to try Spergel's program in fiveother cities: Bloomington, Illinois; SanAntonio, Texas; Mesa and Tucson, Arizona;and Riverside, California. Now in a six-month planning phase, the cities' programswill run for three years. Spergel, joined bySSA professor Michael Sosin, AB'72, andCandice Kane of Illinois' criminal-justiceplanning agency, is helping to set up theprojects and will evaluate their effect."There're so many variations of the gangproblem," says Spergel, who believes hismodel can be tailored for each city's situation: whether the gang problem is emergingor chronic; what ethnic groups make upthe gangs; whether the need for recreation,status, or jobs is most important in fostering the gang presence.Such variables hint at the myriad causesbehind gangs. Spergel has studied the topiclong enough to see how easily these issuesget muddled, and he's eager to separatemyth from reality — to point out how problems like violence, drugs, and poverty arerelated to but separate from gangs.Most Chicago gang kids, for example,"are involved in drug distribution" at astreet level, yet, he emphasizes, "it's not thecause of the fighting. So much of the violence in the Latino community is simply afunction of status." The most gang-riddenU.S. cities generally aren't those with themost violent crimes, he points out, nor arethey the cities like New York or Philadelphia, where drugs are a bigger concern."The newspapers and the media," notesSpergel, "kind of put it all together."In a sense, his "systemic" view of gangs isa reason for hope: Although the factorsbehind gangs are many, they're not alldominant in any one city. But then hethrows in a historical comparison — hisresearch on gangs extends back to America's 19th-century Irish gangs, whose murderous group fights often lasted for days.The gang problem of the past decade "ismore serious than we've ever had in ourhistory — because of the weaponry, andbecause we have so many people in gangs,"Irving Spergel notes. "It's spread through somany parts of the country." — A.C. CitationsGenetic Genesis. In the Bible, Adam came first, but in modern biology it was Eve,when late-1980s reports on maternally inherited DNA claimed that today's Homosapiens descend from a female ancestor — possibly African — who lived a mere100,000 to 200,000 years ago. Now, it's Adam's turn.Chicago ecology and evolution graduate student HiroshiAkashi joined Robert Dorit of Yale and Walter Gilbert ofHarvard in a study, published in Science, that looked formutations in a section of the Y chromosomes of 38 menfrom around the world. Surprisingly, the 38 DNAsequences matched exacdy. One explanation is that allmodern men share an ancestor — "Adam" — or ancestorsso recent that mutations haven't had a chance to occur.The "Eve" theory of a one-continent origin for humansgets a boost, say the authors, from Adam's relativelysimilar birthday. Their estimate: 270,000 years ago.Good Medicine. Add one more to a common drug's long list of uses. Methotrexate,reports U of C medicine professor Stephen Hanauer in the New England Journalof Medicine, eases symptoms of Crohn's disease, a painful inflammatory illness thatoften requires major surgery. Given current drugs' frequendy intolerable side effects,the finding should be a relief to Crohn's sufferers — half a million in the U.S. alone.Truth and Beauty. To some, it's as if the works of Shakespeare were written in anunknown language. Isaac Newton's 1687 Philosophiae naturalis principia mathe-matica — a monument in the history of science — has always been an intellectuallyforbidding achievement. Now, however, Newton's powers of insightand the beauty of his Latin prose and mathematical craftsmanshipare illuminated for the student of physics. In Newton's Principia forthe Common Reader (Oxford), Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicistand Chicago professor emeritus Subrahmanyan Chandrasekharexplicates Newton's masterpiece from its rules of motion to its culmination in the law of universal gravitation.Bright Lights, Dim Bulbs. Call it a draw, of sorts: Men score higher than womenon mental-ability tests — and they score lower. That's what Chicago educationprofessor Larry Hedges and graduate student Amy Nowellfound in a comprehensive look at sex variations in mental testing. Pooling three decades of data, the two saw litde difference between women's and men's average scores. Yetmore men fill out the high and low extremes. Their Science report doesn't explain the difference's origin butdoes, Hedges believes, show a need for substantial educational intervention — both to help low-scoring men enter the work force, and toboost women's participation in high-aptitude areas like science and engineering.Cr9 71Simplify, Simplify. Too many laws, intelligible only to the nation's too manylawyers. An inevitable result of a complex society? Not to U of C law professorRichard Epstein. His alternative, outlined in Simple Rules for a Complex World (Harvard): a stripped-down legal system based on just six principles, grounded in common-sense notions like individualfreedom and property rights, yet powerful enough to handlemodem social and technological quandaries. Citing the success of common law, Epstein argues that simple rules are farbetter than elaborate, mandated solutions — and lead togreater fairness and efficiency: "Government works bestwhen it establishes the rules of the road, not when it seeks todetermine the composition of the traffic."University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 1 1hicagojourndFOR THE RECORDPortrait of a Lady: It'sbeen a source of speculation around campuswatercoolers ever sinceHanna Gray retired asUniversity president in1993: When would herportrait take its rightfulplace among the paintedpantheon ofUojC notables who grace the wallsof Hutchinson Commons?The Philip Pearlsteinpainting, above, quietlymade its appearance overa Hutch Commons mantelthis summer.Physics boon: Samueland Elaine Kersten — whoten years ago made thegift that named the Kersten Physics TeachingCenter — have pledged$2 million to endow aprofessorship and fundtwo undergraduate scholarships in the physicalsciences. Samuel Kersten,AB*35, is president of theWater Saver FaucetCompany Inc., one of thenation's largest suppliersof laboratory fixtures. A dean of many talentsto lead biology divisionD ESCRIBED VARIOUSLY AS A SIG-i nificant cancer researcher, a popular and effectiveteacher, and a topflight surgeon,Glenn D. Steele, Jr., will bring arange of talents with him when hearrives at Chicago this fall.At that time, Steele will leave hisduties as Harvard MedicalSchool's William V. McDermottprofessor of surgeryand as surgery department chair of the NewEngland DeaconessHospital to becomedean of the University'sDivision of BiologicalSciences and the Pritz-ker School of Medicine,and vice president formedical affairs.His appointment, announced in late Juneby President HugoSonnenschein, concluded a candidatesearch that began inthe spring of 1993,when Samuel Hellman,the A. N. Pritzker distinguished service professor, concluded afive-year term as deanto resume his teachingand research interests.Godfrey Getz, theDonald N. Pritzker professor and chair of the pathologydepartment, served as acting deanin the interim.Thanking Getz for his "wise andcareful stewardship," Sonnenschein expressed confidence thatthe search had yielded a seem ingly perfect candidate in Steele,who is widely recognized for bothhis surgical innovations and hislaboratory research. "We havefound exactly the person we needto realize our aspirations."U of C Hospitals PresidentRalph W. Muller saw an additional bonus in strengths Steelewill bring "to our already out-Renaissance man: At Harvard, Steele was botha noted researcher and a respected surgeon.standing programs in surgicaloncology, cancer care, and cancergenetics." Steele — who is alsoaffiliated with the Dana-FarberCancer Institute — is noted for hisinvestigations in the treatment ofprimary and metastatic liver cancer, for colorectal cancersurgery, and for his research ongastrointestinal cancer and precancer cell biology."We are also pleased," saidMuller, "to have someone whonot only has been in the forefrontof cancer research but has beenactive in reforming the delivery ofhealth care in a highly competitive and rapidly evolving medicalmarket" such as Boston.As dean of biological sciences,Steele is expected to build on thedivision's interdisciplinary approach and its tradition of closecontact between basic scientistsand clinicians. Such cooperation,Steele told the Chicago Tribune,"creates bridges across disciplines,and that has the potential forimproving both scientific knowledge and patient care."Steele received his B.A. fromHarvard, graduating magna cumlaude in history and literature in1966. He then entered New YorkUniversity School of Medicine.After receiving his M.D., he completed his internship and residency in surgery at the Universityof Colorado. In 1973, he wasawarded a National Institutes ofHealth fellowship in immunologyto the Wallenberg Laboratory atLund University, Sweden, wherehe received his Ph.D. All ofSteele's teaching and clinicalcareer has been with Harvard University and its associated hospitals.Steele is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the NationalAcademy of Sciences and a fellowof the American College of Surgeons. He serves on the boards ofseveral medical journals and hascoauthored nearly 400 scientificarticles. Steele and his wife, Lisa,have a son and two daughters.1 2 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995University degreeoffered in JapanThe University made historythis June as the first majorAmerican research institution to offer a graduate-leveldegree program in Japan.The University established theMaster of Arts Program in theHumanities in Japan "in responseto the growing demand by Japanese professionals for graduate-level education to advance theiracademic and career goals," saidPresident Hugo Sonnenschein.About 40 students — who represent a wide range of professionalexperience and who all haveundergraduate degrees frommajor Japanese institutions — wereaccepted into the program, whichbegan June 30 in Tokyo,The program's first group ofstudents includes a vice presidentfrom Lehman Brothers Japan, anassistant vice president ofCitibank Tokyo, an official of theJapanese Ministry of Education,an interpreter who has workedwith former U.S. presidentsJimmy Carter and Gerald Ford, anoted author of children's stories,a social worker, high-schoolteachers, and government officials.Designed to take just over twoyears to complete, the program'sacademic requirements are similar to those for earning othermaster of arts degrees atChicago — except that studentscan take evening classes, held inspace leased from Tokyo's International Education Center, andwill be required to study in theU.S. for only two five-week periods.University faculty members,assisted by four advanced-degreecandidates, teach a variety ofhumanities and social-sciencescourses, with an emphasis onAmerican culture. The faculty forsummer and fall 1995 includesJames Redfield, AB'54, PhD'61,the Howard L. Willett professorin the Committee on SocialThought; Herman Sinaiko, AB'47,PhD'61, professor in the humanities; and English professor JosephM. Williams.Philippe Desan, associate dean Horse of a different color: Harsh Chicago winters cracked its limestone base and turned its bronze finish to a mottled green. But now theBlanife Knight statue, located on the east end of the Midway and one ofthe world's largest equestrian statues, shines again, thanks to restoration efforts led by the Czechoslovak American Congress. A tribute toThomas Masaryfc — Czechoslovakia's first president and a visiting professor at the UofCin the early 1900s — the 46-year-old statue represents one of the legendary knights of Bohemia's Blanik Mountain, whostood ready to liberate his people in times of oppression.of the humanities division, willdirect the new program. According to Desan, the program'sappeal is based on "a demandfor a high-profile master of artsdegree from a prestigious American university" in Japan.'We will be offering an intensiveprogram," Desan added, "focusingon the development of critical,analytic, and writing skills —exactly what professionals inJapanese society are looking for,and exactly what the University ofChicago has always done best.And as we see in our first pool ofstudents, we have attracted the creme de la creme of Japaneseprofessionals."The program expects to awardits first degrees in August 1997.Argonne contractfavors UniversityThe University has signed afour-year contract with theU.S. Department of Energy(DOE) to continue to manageArgonne National Laboratorythrough the end of the decade.U of C President Hugo Sonnen- Top titles: Several faculty boohs won awardsthis year. The Academy ofCriminal Justice Scienceshonored Robert Sampson's Crime in theMaking: Pathways andTurning Points throughLife. Anne WaltersRobertson won the JohnNicholas Brown prize forThe Service-Books of theRoyal Abbey of Saint-Denis: Images of Ritualand Music in the MiddleAges. The Organizationof American Historiansgave its FrederichjacfesonTurner award to GeorgeChauncey's Gay NewYork: Gender, UrbanCulture and the Makingof the Gay Male World,and its Avery O. Cravenprize to Julie Saville's TheWork of Reconstruction:From Slave to WageLaborer in SouthCarolina.Fellows all: FiveChicago faculty members — anthropologistsJean Comaroff and JohnComaroff, political scientist David Laitin, writerRichard G. Stern, andastrophysicis t JamesTruran — have beenelected fellows of theAmerican Academy ofArts and Sciences. Atotal of 120 U of C professors are academymembers.Basic training: A program to formally traingraduate students asteachers will be launchedin the fall. The Apprenticeship Program in theArt of Teaching, supported by a grant fromthe Pew CharitableTrusts, will helpadvanced graduate students in the humanitiesand social sciencesdevelop teaching skills,understand student psychology, and learn courseplanning and logistics.University of Chicago Magazine/ Augustus 1Four Quantrells: TheUniversity's Quantrellawards — the nation'soldest prize for excellence in undergraduateteaching — went this yearto Kathleen NeilsConzen, history; HerbertGeorge, the Committeeon Art & Design;Richard Kron, astronomy&> astrophysics; andStephen Pruett-Jonesecology & evolution.Hall of famers: Twoprofessors receivedAmoco FoundationAwards for long-termexcellence in undergraduate teaching: KarlWeintraub, AB'49,AM'52, PhD'57; and PaulSally. Weintraub —famed among undergradefor his introductoryWestern Civ courses —has won three otherteaching awards, including two Quantrells. Sally,mathematics professorand director of undergraduate mathematicsstudies, has also won aQuantrellMusic man: Internationally acclaimed pianistCharles W. Rosen(above) was elected amember of the AmericanPhilosophical Society, theoldest learned society inthe U.S. A professor inthe Committee on SocialThought and in music,Rosen is the author ofnumerous" boohs on musi-cology. including TheRomantic Generation,published this spring. schein and Deputy Secretary ofEnergy William White wereamong the officials who participated in a signing ceremony at thelaboratory's headquarters 30 milessouthwest of Chicago. An important feature of the contract theysigned is a new management feethat will be paid to the Universitybased upon the DOE's evaluationof Argonne's performance — overwhich the University hopes tohave more control, thanks to anew contract policy giving the Uof C more power over employeecompensation. In return, the University has committed 20 percentof the management fee to a specialfund supporting joint U of C-Argonne research at the lab byscientists from both institutions.With an annual operatingbudget of $500 million and sitesin both Illinois and Idaho, the laboratory is one of the nation'slargest multipurpose researchfacilities. Argonne's 5,000 employees perform research andengineering work in fields rangingfrom energy technology to highspeed computing.In a letter to Argonne personnel,Sonnenschein said Chicagoentered negotiations with theDOE with three primary goals: tomaintain Argonne's ability to perform first-class science and engineering; to manage the lab in away that continues its excellence;and to avoid any liabilities underthe new contract that could placethe University at risk."I am happy to report that theagreement is fully compatiblewith these principles," Sonnenschein wrote. "We look forwardto continuing to work with thelaboratory and with the Department of Energy to maintainArgonne's preeminence. As Argonne begins to celebrate its 50thanniversary, we are happy toremain your partner." Sonnenschein also noted the leadershipof Argonne Director AlanSchriesheim, whose negotiatingteam worked with those from theUniversity and the DOE.Formed in 1946, Argonne wasan outgrowth of the U of C's Metallurgical Laboratory, which in1942 produced the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.Today, in addition to its basic Take five: After leading returning grads into Rockefeller Chapel forthe Alumni Assembly, bagpipers have time to enjoy the June sunshine.More than 1,100 alumni returned to the quads for Reunion '95.research, Argonne works on problems in energy production and use,the environment, economic competitiveness, and health.Another aspect of the lab's mission is to develop, build, and operate facilities such as its AdvancedPhoton Source for use by outside scientists. When it is completedthis fall, the APS will be theworld's most powerful source ofX-rays — scentists at Argonne, atthe U of C, and from around theworld will use the APS to gain anunprecedented look at the micro-structure of solid materials.Photon Source for use by outside structure of solid materials.Chem teachers try new formula:Solutions may be in the questionsThe University will be aprincipal player in a multi-institutional effort toreform how chemistry is taught tofirst- and second-year undergraduates.Called the ChemLinks Coalitionand funded with a five-year, $2.7-million NSF grant, the groupincludes 13 Midwest liberal-artscolleges, the U of C, and Washington University in St. Louis.Chemistry professor DavidOxtoby — director of the University's James Franck Institute and one of three co-principal investigators on the grant — says the coalition's main goals are to bringchemistry curricula up to date withcurrent research and to makeclasses more accessible to students.The process of revamping chemistry teaching begins, saysOxtoby, by asking "how do we doscience as scientists? Numberone, we ask interesting questions.Two, we try to answer those questions. Yet what we typically dowith college students is completely the opposite: We answer a14 University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995lot of questions that no one hasbothered to ask."Oxtoby gives an example from aa typical first- or second-yearchem class, where the professorbegins the week saying somethinglike, "Now we're going to learnabout acids and bases." The problem? "It's not clear to the studentswhy they should be learningabout acids and bases except thatit's going to be on the exam."Rather than presenting a set ofabstract and unrelated concepts tobe learned, the coalition hopes toencourage an intellectually challenging process for asking andanswering students' questionsrelated to their specific interestsand to the needs of society.Toward that end, the coalition isdeveloping what Oxtoby calls a"modular approach" to chemistry,consisting of material that couldbe taught in two to four weeks,designed to stand alone and yetrelate to the other modules."In one of the modules," hesays, "we might begin with thequestion, Why are forests in thenortheastern United States andCanada being destroyed? Is itbecause of pollution? If so, whatare the constituents that are causing it?" With these questions, thestudents are introduced to thetopic of acids and bases, ^^^^which, in turn, gives students the tools to beginto understand the deforestation problem.Although the instructor will guide the direction of the material,exploring questions thatstudents ask will be akey element, saysOxtoby, and collaborative problem-solving andsmall-group learningwill be stressed. "Wewant this to be student-centered learning."The project ultimatelyaims to have an impactwell beyond the 15schools in the coalition,adds Oxtoby, who hopesthat once the approachhas proved successful,publishers will becomeinterested in printingmodules as well as textbooks. Campaign passes$500-million markAs of June 30, the Univer-sity's five-year Campaignfor the Next Century hadreached $512 million, passing itsoriginal $500-million goal a fullyear ahead of schedule.In a vote earlier this year, theboard of trustees moved toincrease the campaign goal to$650 million to provide criticallyneeded resources for the University ("Chicago Journal," April/95).The campaign is scheduled to endJune 30, 1996.Describing the support receivedso far as "enormously gratifying,"President Hugo Sonnenscheinnoted that "increasing our goal to$650 million was a bold step. Ourfriends and alumni in Chicago andbeyond are helping us meet thatchallenge with spectacular supportover the last three months."In those months, the Universityreceived two major gifts thathelped push the campaign overthe $500 million mark: a $5-rnil-lion challenge grant to develop aleading center for Korean studies,and a $l-million gift from Mr.and Mrs. Richard Franke. TheFranke's gift — to be used to sup port humanities programs atChicago — is their second majorcampaign contribution. RichardFranke is CEO of John Nuveenand Company and a Universitytrustee. The $5-million challengegrant, provided by the KoreaFoundation and Chey Jong Hyon,AM'61 (see "Chey's Way," page24), will be used to create threefaculty positions in Korean studies and to add to Chicago'salready prodigious library ofbooks on Korea.Each year of the campaign,donations have risen higher, withlast year's gifts surpassing $100million for the first time in the Uof C's history. Most of the supporthas come from individual donors,who have given more than $304million through the campaign.More than $66 million of thattotal has come from Universitytrustees.In its final year, the campaignwill focus on three areas that University trustee and campaignchairman Harvey B. Plotnick,AB'63, describes as critical to theUniversity's future: endowed supported for faculty positions,endowed support for student fellowships and scholarships, andfunds for the construction of anew athletic center.EMERITUS ALUMMStepping out: Emeritus alumni, those Chicago grads celebrating their 51streunion and beyond, followed the cavalcade with a Saturday luncheon and alate-afternoon reception held in the Kersten Physics Teaching Center — namedfor one of their number, Samuel Kersten, AB'35. SSA's #1 teacher: Assistant professor MelissaRoderick received theSchool of Social ServiceAdministration's first-ever faculty award forexcellence in teaching.Roderick, who teachesstatistical research,received her Ph.D. fromHarvard in 1991 andjoined the Chicago faculty that same year.Head of the class: TheUniversity gave its 1 995faculty awards for excellence in graduate teaching to Sheila Fitzpatrick,the Bernadotte E.Schmitt professor in history; John A. Goldsmith,professor and chair oflinguistics; GeorgeHaley, professor inRomance languages &literatures; and RobertRichards, PhD78, professor in history, philosophy, and psychology.O-fortnight: Orientation Week, the annualintro to University lifefor first-year College students, has been extendedfrom eight to 11 days.The program of socialactivities, placementtests, and course registration will run September 20-October 1.Orientation director JeanTreese, AB'66, says thechanges — including moreinteractive programmingat a more relaxed andflexible pace — were suggested by past first-yearstudents.University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995 1 5Sammy Lawhom (left) andJohn Primer share a joke atTheresa's. Fingers mangled in anaccident, Lawhorn still coaxed asweet, full sound from his guitar.At her South Side nightclub, There:Text by Tim Andrew Obermillerhe regulars at Theresa's South Side blues clubmust have wondered a bit at first about that college boy withthe camera, snapping their pictures while they gossiped,danced, and laughed the night away.There was even some confusion about his name. Was itMarc? Bob? Several referred to him simply as "Cameraman,"as in "Hey, Cameraman! You want to take our picture?"Fhe novelty of his presence eventually wore off: During the1970s, Marc (not Bob) PoKempner, AB'73, spent so muchtime photographing at Theresa's that he became as much apart of the scene as Junior Wells, the nightclub's star performer, or Theresa herself, the soft-spoken owner who ruledher establishment with an iron hand — occasionally clutchinga butcher knife for dramatic emphasis.Although a smattering of blues fans from as far away asEurope and Japan stopped by on weekends, Theresa's regularswere middle-aged, working-class blacks from the surroundingghetto neighborhood. Most were bom in Mississippi and hadcome north to cities like Chicago and Detroit to get a piece ofthe prosperity promised by the post-World War II industrialboom. They brought their music with them: an amplified,rough-and-tumble version of the Mississippi Delta blues. Pioneered by South (and West) Side performers like MuddyWaters and Howlin' Wolf, it became known worldwide as the"Chicago style."By the mid-1960s, groups like the Rolling Stones, CannedHeat, and Paul Butterfield's band (who played PoKempner'sfreshman mixer) were popularizing the blues among theirmostly white audiences. But PoKempner says it wasn't until1965 — when he and some U of C Folklore Society acquaintances paid a visit to Theresa's, about 20 blocks from campusat 48th Street and Indiana — that he really felt the blues.'You might see Junior Wells and Buddy Guy play a campusdance," says PoKempner, "but there was always sort of a dis-Marc PoKempner caught it all on him.University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 17tance. It wasn't that the audiences weren't appreciative, but inthe clubs they were more than appreciative — they were committed."Theresa's regulars "came just about every night and theytreated the place like their living room," says PoKempner.Coming from a middle-class, white, suburban family, "I hadn'tever seen anything like this. They'd be drinking, singing, andhaving a good time in a way that none of my parents' friendsever did."Although he was tempted to bring his camera to the club,PoKempner limited his photography mainly to shootingcampus events for the Maroon. "I had noticed a lot of up-and-coming black photographers around Hyde Park, and I figuredthis was something they were already out there doing. But Ilater found out that wasn't the case."1 8 University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995 The challenge of shooting indimly lit clubs encouragedPoKempner to experiment. Fastfilm and long exposure capturedmotion and mood (above); fine-grain film and direct flash broughtout barroom textures (below).PoKempner caught Theresadozing after closing time.Though she rarely raised hervoice, "Theresa didn't allowhorseplay of any kind," he says,"and everybody knew it." Club regulars Roosevelt andPeaches argue at Theresa's.Patrons treated the basementclub "like their living room,"says PoKempner, and weren't shyabout expressing themselves.University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995 1 9In 1970, PoKempner left Hyde Park, degree unfinished, tostud)' at MIT. with renowned American abstract photographer Minor White. He returned in 1973, intending not onlyto complete his B.A. but also to establish himself professionally. Searching for a photography project "where I could pushmyself technically and develop myself personally," PoKempner revisited the South Side clubs, especially Theresa's.After being beaten and robbed of his camera while photographing the 1968 Chicago riots that followed the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., PoKempner hesitated to returnto Theresa's — "at first, you feel like you're there by yourselfand you're a different color than everybody else and it's themagainst you" — but the nervousness gradually wore off.In fact, he says, the musicians "liked the attention, and sothey sort of covered my ass." It also helped that PoKempnermade a habit of bringing back prints to hand out to the club'sperformers and regulars — many photos got tacked up on Ernest Johnson's bass (above)provided a rhythmic anchorfor the moody, raucous, bittersweet blues played at Theresa's.Below, the Seventies' Superflylook is smartly carried off by ayoung blues fan./.:"'.'.H1 ¦¦¦-;,:^^tt^ S^MvvtWAudience members, like thecelebrant below, were oftenunaware that PoKempner hadtaken their picture. "When JuniorWells is up there," he explains,"they're not going to watch me!" Integral to the blues scene,says PoKempner, was thepersonal interaction betweenperformers and audience.Above, Junior Wells ribs a front-row couple: "He knows thewoman, and he's telling the guyshe's with he'd better act right."University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 2 1Theresa's walls.During the peak of his activity in the mid-1970s, PoKempner shot five to seven nights a week in the clubs. Eventually,regular assignments with the Chicago Reader and, later, Timeand People, pulled him away from the blues scene that, by theearly 1980s, was slowly drying up. As steel mills and otherfactories employing working-class blacks shut down, manyonce-vibrant South Side neighborhoods became ghost towns.Although a few clubs, such as the Checkerboard Lounge, stillhang on, by the late 1980s most of PoKempner's old hauntswere boarded up, including Theresa's.In their place has grown an active North Side Chicago bluesscene. PoKempner still frequents, and occasionally photographs, many of the North Side clubs — especially BLUESEtc. on Belmont and Blues on Halsted. Both clubs are "veryconsciously" modeled after Theresa's, PoKempner notes, butsomething is inevitably lost in such reproductions, howeverreverently constructed.Seekers of an "authentic" South Side blues experience canstill find it, however, among the photos taken by that collegeboy who hung around Theresa's — you know, the one whodidn't belong, yet somehow fit in. Dancers share an intimatemoment (below).PoKempner admired the "physi-cality and open sensuality"expressed in the clubs.^^omparing footwear outside•JPTheresa's, Hound DogTaylor (below right) informsAndrew "Voice" Odam: "Theseare shoes. I don't know whatthose things on your feet are." Blues legend Hound DogTaylor (right) introduced hisinfectious "houserocking music"in the South Side clubs. "It wasjust amazing," says PoKempner."You couldn't stop dancing."22 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995r.;>&!•;tsl< <«SrSSjrf:^&-.m, Via.<ra;3&,wa.¦.tf>V '.u*»'^f'CL' f iiiiiiiii i; i .' ' I !/ / II ji*^(B^-;-k3"Chey Jong Hyoncould be called theJohn D. Rockefellerof South Korea,because he has madea fortune from oil.Or he could be compared to ThomasWatson, for he hascreated a corporate culture and management style that rivals the IBM of old. Or hemight be Korea's answer to E. F. Hutton:When he talks, as the famous advertisement goes, people listen.But Chey — who returned to campus thisJune to receive the University's 1995 Alumni Medal — is unlike any of these men. Pardythis is because South Korea's businessworld is so different from that of the U.S.,with the Korean economy heavily' influenced by a handful of huge, family-controlled conglomerates, called chaebol. Asingle chaebol usually makes everythingfrom computer chips to chocolate chips,from sneakers to skyscrapers.And it is partly because Chey himself,chairman of Korea's Sunkyong Group,resists comparison. He is a blend of cordiality and bluntness, of calculation and audacity, of Western education and Easternlearning. His career can sometimes seemlike an attempt to reconcile two differentapproaches to life, to navigate "the middleway" of Confucius.That middle way has sometimes madehim the odd man out. For example, Chey'sfavorite sport is tennis. But in Korea, as inthe rest of the world, the sport of CEOs isgolf — probably because it's easier toexchange market tips between holes thanbetween sets. Chey doesn't particularly likegolf, "but because all my friends go to thegolf course nowadays, I had to join a club."Now he can play tennis on the club'scourts. It is a characteristic place for Chey,AM'61: a member of the club, yet not quitepart of the group.His company finds itself in a similar position. Sunkyong is Korea's fifth largest chae bol (rhymes with "play ball"). With 1994 salesof Won 14.7 trillion ($18.6 billion), it's oneof the country's most prominent businessgroups, and would easily make the top tierof the U.S. Fortune 500. But Sunkyong hassome important differences from its rivals.More than most Korean chaebol, Chey'sconglomerate relies on the expertise of professional managers instead of family members. (Chey and his wife, Kae Hee, who metat International House, have two sons and adaughter. Both sons — including Tae Won,who did graduate work in economics atChicago — work for Sunkyong affiliates,while his daughter, Keewon, AM'91, studies music.) In the range of its interests,Sunkyong is not as scattered as some chaebol. And it has employed some very West-em business practices.Early on, Chey says, he decided thatWestern ways "are quite efficient in marketing and production," so he adoptedthem. At the same time, he says, Westernmanagement "is not quite successful inusing its human resources." To motivatepeople, he believes, "the Oriental way ofthinking is more useful."So Chey endeavors to strike a balance: "Itjust seems that's the best way to go, becausethat's what reality is," he says. Sunkyong isnot a Korean company, he notes; it is aglobal company that happens to be based inSeoul. New employees are required to undergo a ten-day overseas training program to familiarize themselves with anotherculture. The group has some five dozenoverseas offices, on every continent exceptAntarctica.More than half of the group's sales — andan even greater share of its profits — comefrom one subsidiary, Yukong, which controls 37 percent of Korea's oil-refinerymarket. But Sunkyong's businesses alsoinclude construction, trading, textiles,telecommunications, computer disks,supermarkets, financial services, and ahotel. In the last decade, the company hasgrown from 19 affiliates with total assets ofless than Won 3 trillion to 32 subsidiariesand assets of Won 12.8 trillion.To Kim II Sup, a partner at SamilAccounting in Seoul and author of severalbooks on Korean management, the reasonfor Sunkyong's phenomenal success issimple: "Chairman Chey is a very goodmanager," he says. "He made his companygrow through his foresight, his drive."On the road to his success, one of Chey'smost important decisions came early: In1954, he transferred from Seoul NationalUniversity to the University of Wisconsinto escape political upheaval in Korea.Receiving his bachelor's degree in chemistry from Wisconsin in 1956, he enrolledat the University of Chicago in the fall.Like the powerful Koreanconglomerate he leads, CheyJong Hyon stands out fromthe crowd.By Michael NewmanPhotography by Dan Dry24 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995"I'm actually a failed student," saysChey — "failed" because instead of continuing his studies for a Ph.D. in economics, hequit after receiving his master's. His mentorwas professor emeritus D. Gale Johnson,under whom he wrote his master's thesis.Johnson was a demanding teacher, Cheyrecalls, but he learned a lot from Johnsonand the two remain close. Indeed, whenChey came to Chicago for June's reunion,Johnson was host of a dinner held in honorof Chey and his wife.Chey returned to Korea and began working for Sunkyong in 1962. "The country'scondition was pretty bad then," he remembers — and Sunkyong's wasn't much better:It was a small textile factory, founded byhis elder brother, with 300 looms and asmany workers.When his brother died in 1972, Chey wasnamed chairman of the Sunkyong Group, atitle he still holds. During the next quartercentury, he would preside over the transformation of a minor-league textile firminto a huge, vertically integrated petrochemical manufacturer; Sunkyong pumpsoil from the ground, refines it, and thenuses it to make everything from gasoline to the system is something called a "can" (for"can-do") meeting. At such meetings,which last anywhere from ten minutes totwo days, no subject is off limits. Employees can criticize their peers, their competitors, and even their superiors.It's a risky strategy: "Can" meetings mayeasily turn into trivial complaint sessionsabout the office coffee pool or meander intoabstract discussions on life, liberty, and thepursuit of happiness. And in Korea's Con-fucianist culture, where respect for authority often inhibits communication, this kindof openness takes some getting used to.At first, Chey admits, the gatheringsmight seem unproductive. "But after aboutthree or four meetings," he says, "most ofthose small problems will be resolved."Chey credits "can" meetings, and the management system of which they are a part,for much of Sunkyong's success. "Talk creates mutual understanding," he says.Chey also credits this style of communication with keeping Sunkyong free from significant labor strife for more than 30 years.Behind the open style is his conviction that,while labor must rely on management tokeep the company prosperous and its jobsChey speaks with a directness that surprises the localmedia and frequentlyunnerves his public-relations office.synthetic textiles. Most of Sunkyong's businesses, as it turns out, are related to oil; inthat sense, says Kim of Samil Accounting,the company is more focused and betterorganized than many chaebol, with theirsprawling agglomerations of unrelatedbusinesses.Chey is proud of his company's verticalintegration, which saves money and makesoperations more efficient. But his proudestachievement is the implementation of theSunkyong Management System, or SKMS."If you have vertical integration," heexplains, "then you have to have the rightmanagement — otherwise it's a burden. Vertical integration is very good theoretically,but if you have mismanagement in just onearea, it can cause everybody trouble."Chey metaphorically describes SKMS asthe "software" necessary to run the "hardware" of the company. A key component of secure, management has an obligation tolabor as well. "The company has to prove itis sharing its profits with the workers," hesays. To build trust between the two, saysChey, "you need to talk and talk and talkand talk — lots of talk.""Can" meetings have become integral toSunkyong's culture, says Chung Hay II,executive managing director of the chairman's office for management and planning.The meetings are off-the-record, and theyoften prove difficult for new employees —especially those in management. But "'can'meetings do have a specific goal," Chungsays. "We have faith that problems will surface and solutions will be found."Chey has carried this candor beyondcompany walls; he speaks with a directnessthat often surprises the local media and frequently unnerves his public-relationsoffice. In February, for example, he made headlines when he criticized the government's interventionist economic policy. "Inthe era of globalization," he said, "the government is trying to regulate big businesswith a policy reminiscent of the era ofThomas Edison."This criticism came in an interview Cheygave reporters after he was elected to asecond two-year term as chairman of theFederation of Korean Industries. The federation, which serves as a kind of lobby forthe chaebol, is one of Korea's most powerful groups. Chey made the comments eventhough Sunkyong is relatively single-minded, for a chaebol; some of the federation's more prominent members, such asSamsung and Hyundai, are more predatory,entering or acquiring businesses as diverseas auto manufacturing and moviemaking.Chey later qualified his remarks, sayinghe did not intend to confront the govern-26 University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995ment. But by then the government's FairTrade Commission had already launchedan investigation of Sunkyong, alleging itssubsidiaries had engaged in unfair trading.Yukong, Sunkyong's oil-refining subsidiary,was later charged with several technicalviolations.If the charges were meant to quiet Chey,they've had little effect. Chey is equallyfrank about other policy areas. Korea's education system, he says, is "pretty bad." Thereason: "The government has too muchcontrol over it."The Ministry of Education, he says, half-seriously, is the single biggest barrier toimproving the system. Eliminate it, and"our education system would get muchbetter" practically overnight.While remarks such as these have earnedChey his reputation as Korea's most outspoken CEO, he characteristically temperseven his sharpest criticism of the systemwith praise for the people in it. Despite themediocre education system, he notes that"the Korean people have a great zeal forlearning." He was lucky to study abroad, he says, and he wants to give others thatopportunity.In 1974, Chey founded the Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies. Supported bythe Chey family, each year it sends a dozenor so of Korea's brightest social scientistsand humanists abroad to complete theirdoctorates. The Sunkyong Group fundsseveral other projects, including a publiclibrary in Chey's hometown of Suwon,south of Seoul, and a yearly essay contestthat awards $5,000 grants for undergraduate and graduate study. And, as founder ofthe University's Korean alumni club, Cheyhas guided scores of Korean students to theU of C and helped numerous Chicago gradsfind jobs in his country."His devotion to education," says RalphW. Nicholas, AM'58, PhD'62, director ofChicago's international-studies center andpresident of International House, "is trulyheartwarming, especially to those of uswho labor in this territory all the time."Part of Chey's emphasis on education isbased on his belief that modem Korea is on the brink of a second major transition, and that its people need to beprepared to take full advantage ofthe change. The first transition, ofcourse, came in the 1970s and '80s,when Korea astonishingly transformed itself into an economicpower. The swiftness of this changehas been breath-taking: In 1962,when Chey returned to Korea, thenation's per-capita gross domesticproduct was less than $100; in 1995,it will reach $10,000. In the late '50sand early '60s, Korea's economy wasprimarily agricultural. In the '70s, itsbase was low-skill manufacturing ofsuch goods as textiles and footwear.Now its most successful industriesare steel, semiconductors, and shipbuilding.How did Korea do it? A combination of authoritarian politics, shrewdeconomic planning, and hard work,says Chey. To build Sunkyong inthe 1960s, he says, "I just had to goalong with the government's five-year plan."This progress was not without cost,however. Politically, the atmospherewas brutal; Park Chung Hee, whotook power in a military coup in1961 and ruled until his assassination in 1979, mercilessly suppressedall opposition — as did Chun DooHwan, another military strongman,who ruled from 1980 to 1987. Andyet, says Chey, "The first and secondfive-year plans were very successful.It was a big help to have the governmentand the banks" guaranteeing a company'sloans, for example.But now, he believes, the Korean economy has outgrown the need for such centralized planning. Nor does he see theKorean model of economic success as onethat current developing countries should,or even can, emulate. "The Korean model,"Chey says, "is very special, because the government's five-year plans were very strongunder the Park regime, because the Koreansense of entrepreneurship is very strong,and because the education level is veryhigh."Instead, Chey recommends that developing countries allow the private sector toflourish or flounder on its own. "I don'thave all the answers," he says. "I just knowthat it's better to be more free than less."Spoken like a true believer in the "Chicagoschool" of economic theory. Which, ofcourse, he is.Michael Newman is a freelance writer inSeoul.University of Chicago Magazine/ August 1995 27THE EARLY EVENING TRAINpulled into Albert Lea,Minnesota, with brakessquealing and slowed to acrawl alongside the Wilson meatpacking plant.The lamps at the cornersof the stockyards and the parking lot castthe packinghouse itself in shadow, reminding me of a prison-break scene in somemovie I had otherwise forgotten — not a foreign movie, but the regular Hollywoodkind I had lately lost interest in.As we crossed the channel where I usedto watch for giant goldfish while Momwaited in the car for Dad to get off work, Icould see the depot glowing up ahead. Myfolks — the word "parents," like "myfather," still sounded haughty to me — werestanding outside, shivering in the cold andwearing the self-conscious smiles that holdback tears. 1 knew my dad had alreadymade the rounds to tell everyone he wasexpecting his youngest daughter — thatsmart girl who won all the scholarships, theone who got her picture in Wilson's Certified News. She was coming home from theUniversity of Chicago.I stepped off the train looking like something you might pull out of a cocoon thathad cracked open in mid-metamorphosis.My hair was growing out of the bubble-dostill fashionable at Albert Lea High Schoolin the early Sixties, but it was not yet longenough to pull back in a barrette at thenape of the neck. Living in a dormitory fullof New Yorkers had put an edge of affectation on my southern Minnesota Corn Beltspeech, and I was wearing dangling clip-onearrings while I worked up the courage toget my ears pierced. 1 had an errand tocomplete over the holidays: to buy a blueworkshirt that 1 could knot at the waistabove the new jeans that I wore rolled inwide cuffs halfway up my calves, usuallyover leather sandals.I hadn't expected the University ofChicago to require a fashion statement. Ihad already fashioned an identity for myselfin high school that needed no uniform: GirlIntellectual. 1 had thought myself wellsuited for the life of the mind that thebrochures and catalogs promised. By theend of fall quarter, though, I learned that 1would have to dress more deliberately.Manhattan-style sophistication was beyondmy capacity, so I opted for quick identifica-28 WoiRshiit"$3'.i'v-1^;1'-'1?,' ;i-?.V:*o-V'-«^T|«sii»sf!m«SHSSSAll a first-year studentfrom a working-classfamily thought sheneeded to fit into theifestoU of C scene was ablue denim workshirt — the kind herfather wore.By Cheri RegisterIllustration byAllen Carrolll^$¥V,/*:'i - i tion. The workshirt would ally me with thecampus radicals, who used fashion to decryfashion. The serviceable blue denim ofworkshirt and jeans was a political statement, a mark of allegiance with the workers of the world. 1 could be comfortable inthat, I thought. Getting the workshirt inAlbert Lea would be less trouble than shopping in Chicago. I figured I could buy onefrom my dad's sister Vivian at MontgomeryWard.My dad was the focus of another vacationproject. A packinghouse millwright whohad always trusted the union and HubertHumphrey's Democratic-Farmer-LaborParty, he was, I knew, just waiting to beawakened to a broader vision. Hadn't hetaught me that rich people aren't happy,that Republicans will do you in for money,that "we. ..the little guys. ..the ordinaryworking people" are little and ordinary precisely because we are too moral to do whatit takes to get rich? I had come home eagerto discuss with him the socialist ideas thatwere beginning to satisfy my longings for ajust and responsible life.My first week in college, I had met a boynamed Len — short for Lenin, my dormmates guessed — who was a real socialist,and not just toying with the label. He hadjoined the Young People's Socialist Leaguein high school, and he pedaled his bicyclearound Hyde Park nearly every night, goingfrom meeting to demonstration to party. Irode on his handlebars, wondering whetherI was to be a girlfriend, a comrade, or theunthinkable both-at-once.One night we squeezed into the backseatof a Volkswagen bug in front of the StudentPeace Union office and drove the expressways to O'Hare Airport, where we metMadame Nhu of South Vietnam as she disembarked from her plane. "Down withDiem!" we chanted. "Diem or democracy!"It was late October 1963. Within a week,Diem had been assassinated, and the escalating war in Vietnam had become a political issue on campus. With a teenager'sgrandiosity, I felt personally responsible.One month later, John F. Kennedy wasassassinated. That night I sat on the floor ofthe dorm hallway with a string of otheryoung women in a spontaneous vigil. Myfriendship with Len was strained a little bymy guilt at having betrayed my Democraticheritage. I had dared to question the efficacy of President Kennedy's liberalism and29now he was dead and 1 was in mourning.Nevertheless, as I left campus for home inDecember, Len entrusted me with his treasured collection of socialist literature: agreen-net shopping bag full of classic Marxist documents, and pamphlets by HalDraper and Harvey Swados. 1 promised toshow them to my dad.I don't remember now whether I got Dadto look at any of the pamphlets that Ipulled out of the bag and arrayed on theliving-room coffee table. When I try toremember, I can only imagine the gold rimson his teeth flashing at my naivete. But Iwill never forget what happened with theblue workshirt.One late afternoon after Christmas, I metDad in the kitchen as he came in fromwork, still jingling the car keys in his hand."Is it OK if 1 drive uptown?" I asked. "Ineed to go to Ward's and buy a workshirt."He peered at me through his glasses, onebushy eyebrow raised. "A workshirt?""Yeah. I want one to take back to school.""Just a regular workshirt?""Uh-huh," I nodded. "A blue one, youknow. People wear those at the U of C.They have them at Ward's, don't they?""Aw, save your money," he said. "I canget you a workshirt if you want one."There was a smirk at the corner of hismouth, but it appeared so often, promptedby so much in life, that 1 thought nothingof it. I went back to my spot behind the drop-leaf dining table at the end of theliving room and huddled in front of theheat register with The Brothers Karamazov,trusting that my errand would get done.The next afternoon, I was too engrossedto jump at the sound of the car in the driveway. It could have been Dmitry Karama-zov's footsteps in the kitchen, for all theattention I was paying. Dad's voice rousedme."Got a present for you," he said.He was standing in the doorway with apiece of clothing rolled under his arm.Light blue mottled with white — there wasno mistaking what it was. He held it outtoward me, still rolled, and I felt the cottonas I reached to take it. It was soft to thetouch, not so stiff that it would stand outamong my classmates' shirts as newlyacquired. Just as I grabbed for it, Dad's eyessquinted shut the way they did when hewas struggling to contain a laugh or tears,and he let the shirt unfurl in front of me. Itwas stained by hog blood.My memory stops there. 1 can't say whathappened next. I don't know if my mothercried, "Gordon! Get that smelly thing outof here," as I imagine she would have. Idon't remember Dad rolling the shirt backup again and laying it on the breezewaytable until the next morning, when hecould tuck it back in his locker at the plant.If 1 took it, I didn't pack it with the rest ofmy clothes. All I know for certain is that at thismoment I realized I had truly left home. Iwould never have to take a job on thesliced-bacon line, which was women's workin the meatpacking industry, nor would Ilive in dread of a phone call telling me thatmy husband was on his way to the hospitalin an ambulance, having been hit in thehead with a carcass or wounded by anerrant blade sharp enough to sever joints orslice through bone. But neither could 1leave home behind me entirely. When Iwore the clean, blue workshirt that I somehow managed to buy myself, I did not feellike the girls from the Long Island suburbswho swished by in the cafeteria line, looking chic in theirs. They had never seen aworkshirt put to its original use.Like many of my peers, I struggled to getto the simple truth at the core of complexsocial issues, but everything I saw wasrefracted through a bloodstain that wouldnot allow simplicity. I often felt as though Iwere invisible and watching from the sidelines as privileged, white, suburban kidsplayacted at being less fortunate than theywere. When students occupied the Administration Building to protest the University'scomplicity in submitting grade-point rankings to the Selective Service (local draftboards drew from the bottom of the rankings to fill their quotas), I stayed outside,wondering how the nurses' aides who hadcared for me as a patient in the UniversityHospitals were getting by without theirpaychecks. When the speakers at rallies onthe Admin Building's steps spoke in thename of the working class, I said nothing toidentify myself.Playacting or not, the issues were critical.One of the few laborers' kids 1 had gotten toknow dropped out in our junior year andwas immediately drafted. His name isinscribed on The Wall in Washington, D.C.If I count up the meetings 1 attended, theprotests I marched in, the feminist positionpapers I wrote, I have sound enough credentials to qualify as a Sixties activist. Andthe diploma on my bookcase confirms thatGirl Intellectual simultaneously masteredthe life of the mind. Yet I read "Ph.D." as"Packinghouse Daughter." I find that I stillexperience the world as a working-class kidaway from home. And I can't recall thattime without also remembering my ambivalence, the dark blotch of reality on my sky-blue illusions.Cheri Register, AB'67, AM'68, PhD'73, awriter who lives in Minneapolis, is at work ona memoir/documentary about small-townworking-class life on the verge of the Sixties.This essay was first published in the Spring1995 issue of Hungry Mind Review.wmmm-S In their decades watchingSitt^,//*:}':^SSy:'»- IJeanne and Stuart Altmannhave discovered a richsocial world wherebehavior and biology meet.¦¦..'..¦¦: ;¥ti--Xi:;'.v::^VviS;^;^r^;i'.:}.';':'-f::-. ';-:;¦. ¦':.':¦¦: ¦' ¦!.:<-.-<1."S.B Y Andrew CampbellStuart Altmann didn't see what startedthe fight. But there it was, the malebaboon, fearsome with his daggerlike canines, menacing a female halfhis size. The male chased the femalearound the savanna and up a nearbyacacia tree, until she hung high upon branches barely able to support her weight.The attacker kept up his threats from a nearbylimb while the other baboons in the groupignored the scene — all but one adult female, whoran to the tree's base and started screaming at themale.Why did this one animal come to the rescue?To Altmann, who with his wife and fellowresearcher, Jeanne, PhD'79, has been studying thebaboons of Kenya's Amboseli National Park since 1963, the answer was obvious: The female underattack was her daughter.He tells the story to show how even the baboons'most basic behaviors would be mystifying withoutbeing able to recognize individual animals andknowing which is related to which. Those methods, rare when the Altmanns first came to Kenyabut now standard procedure in studies of wild primates, are typical of the many advances they'vehelped bring about. While the average primatestudy lasts, by one estimate, just 18 months, theAltmanns, through intense, long-term observation, have untangled the meaning of behaviorsmore complex — and more variable among individuals — than brief studies could ever reveal.Along the way, the two U of C professors ofecology and evolution put the lie to an earlier pic-University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 3 1ture of baboons. Other researchershad focused on the males' ongoingbattles for dominance and matingopportunities. "The ladies and thebabies were just there as also-rans inthe story," recalls Stuart Altmann."They were what the males werefighting over."But the Altmanns have shown thatthe world of baboons — which areamong the most adaptable of non-human primates, living in environments from semi-desert to forest— centers on females and kinship, notmales and fighting. Females, too,have a dominance hierarchy, withdaughters inheriting their mother'srank in a fairly strict fashion. Whilemales migrate from one group of animals to another — literally clawingtheir way up and down the socialladder — females stay with theirmother's group their whole lives,making the female hierarchy and kinship bonds the stable core of eachgroup's social structure.Early work on wild primates viewedanimals in age-sex classes like adultmales, juvenile males, adult females,or juvenile females. The Altmanns' subjects — currently over 300 yellow baboonsliving in more than six groups in Amboseli,in the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro — getlogged into journals and charts by name:Alto, Ozzie, Scar, and so on.This personal approach reflects the Altmanns' interest in individual variation. In astriking example of that variation, JeanneAltmann showed how mothers' parentingskills — previously seen as innate behaviors — vary widely with dominance rank.Low-status mothers, for example, are moreprotective of their offspring. They're also farmore likely to give birth to sons — an adaptation that, while mysterious in its mechanism, makes sense, given that a daughterwould be stuck with her mother's lesserrank.Such findings have an impact beyond pri-matology. In the face of today's reductionisttrend in biology that looks to genetic explanations for behavior, they show how socialfactors can affect individuals' actions andeven physiology. Moving into its thirddecade, the Altmanns' work — doublyunusual, both as a husband-wife collaboration and in its long-term nature — continuesto surprise.It was Stuart Altmanns search for a primate group undisturbed by humans thatfirst brought the young couple toAmboseli in 1963, when he was on the faculty of the University of Alberta. Jeanne o two alike: Understanding baboons meansknowing who's who; distinctive tails like theone above help the Altmanns (shown in themid-1980s) in their field identifications.Altmann, having recently completed herundergraduate degree in math, planned tocare for their toddler, Michael, and to assisther husband in data analysis from theircamp in the park.That plan soon changed. "I got interestedin the methodology," she says, "andincreasingly got interested in the behavioritself."With Michael — and later his sister,Rachel — accompanying the researchers intheir Land Rover-cum-nursery, Jeanne Altmann joined her husband in the field. Witha statistician's sense for the value of reliabledata, she devised new methodologies thatremoved the tendency to record only eyecatching behaviors like aggression andmating — a mistake that stemmed, she says,from a "false dichotomy" made between thelab work of scientists and the field studiesof naturalists. Her techniques, such asnoting all instances of a single behavior, ornoting everything that a single animal does,have changed fieldwork throughout behavioral studies. On their third trip to Kenya in 1971, ayear after Stuart came to Chicago, the Altmanns began a longitudinal study of thebaboons' behavior and demographics,observing the animals from just a few feetaway. With the help of graduate studentsand the project's Kenyan staff, the studycontinues uninterrupted to this day. TheAltmanns — Jeanne completed her Ph.D.once the children were in school, and wasnamed a full professor in 1989 — have madedozens of trips to Amboseli, sometimes formore than a year at a stretch.While baboons, if they survive infancy,live an average of 15 years, Jeanne Altmannsays "there are fewer than a dozen reallylong-term studies for any primate aroundthe world." Because of political instabilitiesand conservation problems where primateslive, she adds, "That's not likely to get anybetter."Yet Stuart Altmann's most recent workillustrates the insights that only a longitudinal project can provide. In 1974 he beganan exhaustive dietary study of young32 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995HBBBHHBHHHUHgMifHBHHHHHHHHHbaboons going through the nearly year-longprocess of weaning. "I used to think thatfeeding and foraging was the dullest kind ofbehavior to study," he admits. "You see ananimal munch and crunch on a leaf, andyou see it again, and by the time you'veseen the tenth leaf, you figure, What else isthere to say?'"A lot, he found. Labeled as omnivores,baboons show a "mind-boggling" selectivity in what they eat. Though the array ofwhat's ripe, flowering, or sprouting changesalmost every two weeks in Amboseli, theanimals "feed on the most nutritious part ofthe most nutritious plants that are availableat each time of the year." Yet, he notes,"We have no evidence of social teaching.For example, I've never seen a mother handher infant a piece of food of a type it's nevertasted before."A bigger surprise came by tracking thebaboons into adulthood— to investigatewhat he calls the question that "I was reallyinterested in, but didn't think would panout." Is there a link, he wondered, between the quality of a weanling's diet — the proteinand calories it consumes — and its lifetimebiological fitness? Different from physicalfitness, this property, measured by factorslike life span and number of offspring,describes an animal's ability to pass on itsgenes to the next generation.At best, Altmann hoped for a weak correlation. But, he says, "To my utter astonishment, the diet of these baboons asweanlings is a very good predictor of whathappens to them for the rest of their lives interms of [biological] fitness." So good, infact, that he didn't believe his calculationsat first, and promptly repeated them on adifferent computer with different software.Finally convinced, he reported his findingin 1991 in the Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences; he's also submitted abook on the feeding study to the U of CPress.Of the diet study's most surprising conclusion, he cautions, "Correlation and causation are not the same." A third factor,such as an animal's physical constitution, may cause both good diet and biologicalsuccess. His best guess: "All these thingsare so intertwined that you can't separatethem."Stuart Altmann retired in June butplans to keep up his research intofeeding and foraging — the Altmannsnext trip to Kenya, in fact, is this month.Their project's technology has progressedsince 1963 — when the only portable soundrecorders used stainless steel wire, a WorldWar II innovation — and so have its methods. Their policy of not interfering with thebaboons is still sacred, but they now dartanimals with a blowpipe-administeredanesthetic (done when no animal is watching) to collect blood samples and moredetailed biological measurements. Suchdata allow Jeanne Altmann to trace howenvironmental and social factors affect notonly individual behavior but also physiology, hormone levels, and genetics.Her work contradicts the belief that allthings biochemical are causes, not effects,University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 33of behavior. "A very erroneousassumption nowadays," she says,"is that it's all bottom-up, thatphysiology determines behavior."Her own research starts "from thetop down, then goes from thebottom up."It's an approach that's slowlycatching on: "For the past decade,people have increasingly paidattention to the fact that behavioraffects physiology, which in turnaffects behavior. There are veryelaborate feedback loops that we'rejust beginning to understand."Collaborating with Robert Sapol-sky of Stanford, for instance, shehas shown how older and lower-ranking baboons are less able toshut off the production of stresshormones — part of the body'sfight-or-flight response. In the longrun, the higher hormone levelshinder reproduction and bodilyrepair, and thus affect behavior.That finding has led her toexplore the significance of individual differences among animals.Some low-ranking females seemadept at avoiding stressful aggression with higher-ranking animals,either by keeping a safe distance orby exploiting their kinship tieswithin the group. Are such adaptations, Altmann wonders, reflectedat the physiological level?Her "top-down" philosophy alsosees expression in genetic studies,on which she collaborates with herformer student Susan Alberts, nowa postdoc at Harvard; Jean Dubachand Robert Lacy of Chicago'sBrookfield Zoo, where Altmannhas held a joint appointment since 1984;and Michael Bruford of the London Zoological Society. One goal of this work, shesays, is to learn to use genetic data tosketch quickly the social system of a groupof animals, saving years of observation.She describes the process as reading theDNA in blood samples "the way a paleontologist uses fossils" — revealing, forinstance, whether the males or females of agroup disperse from their birth-group; howthe animals' reproductive success variesover time; and whether many males, or onedominant male, sire each generation. Herethe extensive kinship records on theAmboseli baboons will prove indispensible,serving as a sort of Rosetta stone for translating genes into genealogy.Efforts like this don't benefit scientistsalone: Conservation plans may hinge onunderstanding a population's genetic diver-Wmsmsity or need for nearby breeding groups.With the prospect of fewer and fewer long-term studies, says Altmann, "We need tofind out ways to make the most from short-term studies, especially where species are indanger."The explorations of Altmann and others atChicago will get a boost with the creation ofa new laboratory dedicated to the linksbetween environment and biology and ledby Martha McClintock — a U of C psychology professor whose work with rats hasshown how social interactions can affectsuch reproductive functions as ovulation orconception. In preparation for the lab, a$12-million renovation and expansion ofthe W. C. Allee Laboratory of AnimalBehavior, across from the new BiologicalSciences Learning Center, will start this year. The building, says Jeanne Altmann,"will let us move more from the fieldworkto the lab work, and [to do so] for morespecies." Both abilities, she believes, will beessential to training graduate students.When not in Kenya, the Altmannsare headquartered on Allee's firstfloor, their adjoining offices astudy in contrasts: His is fairly neat, hersdistinctly less so. With students from high-school interns to postdocs, their lab'sweekly meeting is an intergenerationalevent. Snacks for the group come from thesale of pottery — offered to lab members for"a penny, or whatever you can afford" —created in Stuart Altmann's basement studio.Sitting amid end-of-the-term stacks ofpapers, Jeanne Altmann speaks with pride34 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995avanna sights: Mt. Kilimanjarolooms before field observer RafaelMututua and a baboon troop.Above, a plucky juvenile checksout what's being eaten while amother grooms her daughter.of the students who've gone on to prestigious posts across the U.S. She's equallyproud of the role of the Amboseli researchin Kenya: Staff member Rafael Mututua hasbeen with the project since 1980, whilePhilip Muruthi, who first studied thebaboons as a Kenyan undergraduate, iscompleting a Ph.D. at Princeton and training other Kenyans at Amboseli.U.S. or Kenyan, students traveling to thepark start with an "incredible database,"Stuart Altmann explains: genealogicalcharts; photos identifying each animal;nutritional breakdowns of the plants; evenmaps of the animals' water sources, range,and sleeping locations."All this makes the study just tremendously productive," he adds. "When students come out there to work on a doctoral dissertation project, they're gathering good,hard data in nothing flat. The only thingthat holds them back is how fast they canlearn to recognize these animals andplants."What's fostered the study's progress overthe years? The Altmanns attribute part oftheir success to their differences. Theformer math major still thinks in equations,while the amateur potter works visually."Even when we come to the same conclusion from the same data," says Stuart Altmann, "we get there by different pathways." Though her interest in animalbehavior was already established, JeanneAltmann chose a Ph.D. program in humandevelopment — to avoid being a student inher husband's department, and because"our collaboration had always thrived on our bringing different things to it."They both confess, however, to beingemotionally involved in the animals' lives,even as neutral observers. "If you were tosit around our dinner table, you'd think wewere in the process of writing a soapopera," says Stuart Altmann. "We're justfull of stories about what transpired duringthe day."He slips into one such story, affectionatelyrecounting the antics of Ozzie, the "childprodigy" whose curiosity extended to newfoods, auto tailpipes, and even, on oneremarkable occasion, fire. "People say,'How can you tell one baboon fromanother?' I say, 'They are as different aspeople.' The Masai," Stuart Altmann notes,"think we've learned how to speakbaboon."University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 35G lass NewsWhat's the news? We are always eager to receiveyour news at the Magazine, care of the Class NewsEditor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by No engagements, please. Items may be edited for space. Asnews is published in the order in which it arrives,it may not appear immediately.Please specify the year under which you wouldlike your news to appear. Otherwise, we will list:(1) all former undergraduates (including thosewho later received graduate degrees) by the yearof their undergraduate degree, and (2) all formerstudents who received only graduate degrees bythe year of their final degTee.Mina Morrison Diether, PhB'22, wasimpressed by the U of C campus when shecame to visit two and one-half years ago andremains proud of her degree. She adds, "1 had my95th birthday in July [1994] and am still getting akick out of life."MM Henry F. Otto, Jr., PhB'27, and wife Mar-Mm t guerite celebrated their 67th anniversary onAugust 20, 1994. They were married in BondChapel. Allen S. Weller, PhB'27, PhD'42, retired 17years ago but is in his office four days each week,writing a book about Lorado Taft and the sculptor'swork in Chicago from 1886 until his death in 1936.Leo R. Brown, SB'28, MD'35, retired fromgeneral medical practice in 1984. He hasfour grandsons, one great-grandson, and one great-granddaughter. W. Franklin Bush, PhB'28, 89 yearsold, follows U of C affairs "with much interest andappreciation" for his time at the University. Hehopes to see more news from classmates.Clyde L. Korman, LLB'29, writes, "1 neednews of my class, and the most wonderfulprofessors 1 had those years, and the graduating students still alive — Hinton, Bigelow, Hall, etc. — writeme!" Marjorie Niehaus Maxwell, AB'29, enjoyedthe June 1994 reunion and notes "what a differencefive years had made as to our class. ...Who but theUniversity would have bagpipers and fanfare!"Laura Kyes McCrory, PhB'29, announces the June11, 1994, birth of great-granddaughter Mariah LeeClarin, named for McCrory's great-grandmother.REUNION May 31-June 2Ol Betty Messinger Bamett, PhB'31, writes,Ol "The best news I have is that I am a great-grandmother — Melanie Clark, bom July 10, 1993.My daughter, Anne Bamett Shere, AB'61, is theproud grandmother."OO Norman N. Gill, PhB'32, retired from theWb Citizens Research Bureau in Milwaukee after42 years as director, and is now a senior researchscholar ai Marquette University's Bradley Institute forDemocracy and Public Values. (See award announcement on page 39.) Margaret Hill Schroeder, PhB'32,reports that Ruth Abells Douglas, PhB'32, SM'35,has moved to a retirement home in Boise, ID. Douglas's daughter is a professor at Boise State.M Robert E. Langford, PhB'34, was recentlyhonored as one of the founders of the University of Central Florida. W. Edward Clark, AB'35, writes, "Mid-October I returned to France — 50 yearsafter coming there the first time, on Utah Beach,Normandy — to see a French friend made in Parisduring its first week of liberation, August 1944.Great reunion." Durward G. Hall, MD'35, is studying, learning, and assisting at Eckerd College as adiscussant colleague. He is a member of the Academy of Senior Professionals.Reunion May 31-June 2 Horecker, SB'36, is a professor emeritus of biochemistry at Cornell University, where he was deanof the Graduate School of Medical Sciences andtaught biochemistry from 1984 to 1992.M Traveler Alfred H. Court III, AB'38, reportsit is "physically energizing just to watchstreams of young tourists snaking their way up theDunn River Falls in Ocho Rios, Jamaica." FrederickB. Lindstrom, AB'38, AM'41, PhD'50, received Arizona State's 1994 College of Liberal Arts and Sciences distinguished achievement award.Robert H. Doane, AB'39, is in his 28th yearon a local public-school board. He is the curator of Yesterday's Farm Museum in Wood Dale, IL.J[A Elise Byfield Gilden, AB'40, writes, "HavingtHI retired from working with the learning disabled, I find one daughter heading a resource roomfor special kids; my oldest, a clinical psychologist;and the middle one, using the arts as a creativemedium of instruction for youngsters." Gilden'sgrandson teaches high-school history in New YorkCity. Now a docent at the University of ArizonaMuseum of Art, Gilden adds, "Here's to education!"Harold J. Brumm, MD'36, writes, "Here inMenlo Park, CA, we don't have any superhighway. What we have is called gridlock! It doesnot keep me from going to the golf course." MelvinS. Freedman, SB'36, PhD'42, is still doing physicsresearch at Argonne after 51 years. Bernard L. Reunion may3i-june2MM Norman N. Greenman, AB'41, SM'48,tIB PhD'51, is enjoying retirement. He appreciated the talk and the food at a recent L.A. alumniFrom Front Lines to Registration LinesWith the end of World War II, returning servicemen and women eager to furthertheir studies on the Gl Bill flooded campus. In the first six months of 1946, thenumber of admissions applications already topped a typical year's total by 1,000.36 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995club breakfast featuring U of C psychologist MihalyCsikszentmihalyi, AB'60, PhD'65. "The club does agood job of initiating activities," Greenman writes,"and I participate when 1 can (although I am morere-active than active)." Wilfred K. Gummer,PhD'41, writes that he and Alan T. Prince, PhD'41,became friends in 1939 but lost touch until 1971,when Gummer joined Prince's federal "InlandWaters" Directorate. They took a canoe triptogether in 1980 and have grown vegetablestogether for years on part of an old farm south ofOttawa, Ontario. Catherine Leirer Justice, SB'41,enjoyed the Elderhostel program at InternationalHouse in the summer of 1993. Donald F. Lach,PhD'41, published the third of four volumes in hisseries Asia in the Making of Europe in 1993.«Joann Mitchell Warfel, AB'42, enjoys leading tours for children and adults as adocent at the Santa Barbara (CA) Museum of Art.MM Sigrid Grande Deeds, AB'44 — a professor^^B emerita at California State University,Long Beach, where she coordinated the graduateprogram in public health — now consults for theCalifornia state tobacco-control program. Deedswrites, "I am exploring alternative retirees' housing — I'm tired of cooking. I travel a lot to see myfar-flung family, which, as of 1994, includes twogreat-grandchildren, "« Rabbi Daniel Goldberger, PhB'45, AM'50,retired after 43 years in Denver. He and hiswife, Ida Patinkin Goldberger, AB'46, were honored at a retirement banquet in August 1994.May 31-June 2«Ida Patinkin Goldberger, AB'46, see 1945,Daniel Goldberger.Mff William A. Daum, X'47, lives in Lexington™» Health Care Center in Chicago Ridge, IL.Ann Morrissett Davidon, X'47, lived in Paris,Stockholm, Israel, Denmark, and Prague before,during, and after her marriage to William C. Davidon, SB'47, SM'50, PhD'54. Both of her daughtersare married; one is a medical student at Johns Hopkins and a national rowing champion. Davidonwrites, "I've continued my peace and social-justiceactivism along with subsistence freelance writing"and part-time teaching at Community College ofPhiladelphia. She is a founding member of thePhiladelphia Dramatists Center. In August 1994,Albert M. Witte, PhB'47, AM'50, retired as a University of Arkansas professor of law. He continuesto teach as an adjunct professor and also serves asthe faculty athletic representative.M Robert A. Adams, AB'48, AM'52, is a volunteer hearing officer for the IllinoisSupreme Court commission that hears complaintsabout lawyers charged with violating rules of conduct and ethical norms. In September, Edward R.De Grazia, AB'48, JD'51, gave the keynote addressat the American Film Institute's program on moviecensorship, "Don't Watch This!" His latest book,Girts Lean Back Everywhere: The Law of Obscenityand the Assault on Genius, was published in VintagePaperback in 1994. Charles A. Lippitz, PhB'48,produced the movie Season of Change, filmed inMontana and featuring Nicholle Tom of The Nannyand Michael Madsen of Free Willy. Jo-Ann ButtersSegall, X'48, see 1949, Edwin E. Segall. Richard A.Strehlow, SB'48, received the Frank W. Reinhartaward of the American Society for Testing andMaterials for his contributions to terminology standardization. Strehlow is president of Termco and anofficer and part-owner of Gourmet's Market. RuthGoodman Waskey, MBA'48, retired after 25 yearsworking in food and nutrition management forFlorida's education department. She plans to travelin the U.S. and Europe and go to several Elderhos- tels. George j. Worth, AB'48, AM'51, received the1994 Chancellors Club career teaching award fromthe University of Kansas, where he has taught English for 40 years.Afh Gardiner Hempel, AB'49, MBA'52, is CEO™W of In-Tek Communications and CEO andchair of Speedcall Corporation. Both companiesmanufacture signaling and control electronic equipment for radio and telephone systems. Elizabeth A.Olson, AM'49, volunteers three days a week for theRed Cross. FrankJ. Orland, SM'45, PhD'49, a professor emeritus in the BSD, recendy received the Giesaward from the American College of Dentists. Orlandhas done basic research on dental caries and wrote abiography of William John Gies, a Columbia University biochemist who studied caries bacteria. Edwin E.Segall, AM'49, has had a career in the Foreign Service that included posts in Yugoslavia, Sweden,Romania, Indonesia, and Mali. He and his wife, Jo-Ann Butters Segall, X'48, have two children,M Maurice S. Friedman, PhD'50, retired fromSan Diego State University in 1991 and is aprofessor emeritus of religious studies, philosophy,and comparative literature. He spent 1992 as a visiting professor at the Indira Gandhi National Centrefor the Arts in New Delhi and taught in Germanyand Denmark in 1993. Friedman's lectures fromIndia are being published as a book; three of hisother books were published in 1992; and a paperback version of another appeared in 1993. Fred H.Goldner, AM'50, teaches at Queens College andreports that he is "still being interviewed about'Pronoia.'" His daughter is a lawyer, and his 12-year-old son is "a Little League baseball star andbudding figure-skating champion." John M. Hoffmann, AB'50, DB'54, has retired from the clergy. Hehad been pastor of Gomer United Church of Christin Ohio. Joyce Com Weil, SM'50, retired from theUniversity's academic information technologiesdepartment in September 1993.Reunion may3i-june2E|| Dale C. Chapman, AM'51, retired in JuneVI 1994 after 38 years of teaching history atSouth Suburban College. Merrill Cohen, SM'49,PhD'51, a chemistry consultant, retired as managerof General Electric's Medium Steam Turbine-Generator Laboratory in 1987. He and wife Eleanor live inMarblehead, MA. On January 17, Laurence Reich,AB'51, JD'53, argued his second case before the U.S.Supreme Court, Curtiss- Wright v. Schoonejungen. Heis a senior partner in Carpenter, Bennett & Morris-sey in Newark, NJ.K Sherman S. Fishman, SM'52, organized atechnical session on patent harmonizationfor the Western Electronics Conference in Anaheim, CA, in September. Thomas I. Seidman,AB'52, continues to do mathematics research and isincreasingly involved in using technology to helpK-12 teachers. He writes, "1994 was my first four-continent year — during my sabbatical I visited theUniversidade Sao Paulo in Brazil, three universitiesin Australia," and four European countries. TamaraYacker, AB'52, AM'61, see 1961, Tamara Yacker,Burnett H. Radosh, AB'53, and KatherineKoenig Radosh, AB'58, of Lighthouse, FL,cruised north on the Intracoastal Waterway in theircatamaran in summer 1994 and visited JoanneWagner Sheffield, X'58, on the Chesapeake.M Carol K. Kasper, AB'54, a professor ofmedicine at the University of SouthernCalifornia, was elected medical director of theWorld Federation of Hemophilia. She writes:"Whenever I meet someone else who graduatedfrom the University, especially someone of my generation, they are enormously proud of their institution and they treat me with increased respect! If In the ClubsChicago Sun., Sept. 10: Taste and Tell atCafe Borgia. Sun., Sept. 17: Open forum onU.S. immigration. Fri., Sept. 29: TGIF withFriends of Jane Addams at Tequila Roadhouse.Sat., Sept. 30: Blazing Beads studio tour.Cincinnati Sun., Sept. 10: Annual new student send-off picnic; for information, call president Don Dowling, AB'82, at 513/629-2750 (w).Cleveland To help plan events, call JimJacobs in the Alumni Association at 312/702-2155.Detroit Sat., Aug. 26: Family picnic in HinesPark in the Nankin Mills area. Watch fordetails on a September wine tasting.Houston Sun., Sept. 10: Dinner for new andreturning U of C students. For information, callMiles O. Smith, JD'74, at 713/626-7800 (w).Kansas City For information, call JeanneRooney, MBA'93, at 913/384-4745 (h/w).London To meet other alumni in GreatBritain, call president Kevin Sypolt, MBA'90, at011-44-71-711-2684 (w).LOS AngeiOS Sat., Sept. 16: Evening at theHollywood Bowl. 6 p.m.: picnic; 8:30 p.m.: TheLos Angeles Philharmonic, "A Spanish Fantasia." For more information, call Geri Yoza,AB'81, MBA'87, at 310/410-9867 (h).Mexico For information, call Michael Faigen,MBA'92, at 011-52-5-282-7533 (w).New Yoik Tues., Sept. 19: DistinguishedFaculty Series with Divinity School professorMartin Marty, PhD'56. For information on thebook club, call Lou Stanek, PhD'74, at212/751-9847 (h).Paris For information, call Claudia BalicaLeGoff, AB'91, AM'94, at 011-33-1-47-61-09-88(h).San FranciSCO Every second Sunday: SanFrancisco Book Club meeting. For information,call Sydney Rosen, PhB'46, AM'49, PhD73, at415/776-0504 (h). Every third Sunday: EastBay Book Club meeting. For information, callRuth Abel, AB'36, at 510/849-9308 (h).Twin Cities For information, call MarkAnema, AB'83, at 612/926-3663 (h).Washington, DC For information onevents, call the new Activity Line at 202/452-5590. Thurs., Aug. 17, Young alumni HappyHour at Lulu's (joint event with the UAA universities). Tues., Sept. 12: Leadership workshop, held jointly with the GSB alumniassociation. Mon., Sept. 25: Great Books Groupat Chapters Bookstore. Sat, Oct. 7: Bicycle rideat Rock Creek Park.For details, contact Marilyn Melvan in the AlumniAssociation at 312/702-2157; at 312/702-21 66 (fax); (Internet).University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 37The 1995 U of C Dream TeamFor the 54th time since the custom began in 1941, alumni, faculty, and friendsgathered during the June reunion to honor some outstanding Chicago alumni.Saturday's Cavalcade of Classes processed to the Alumni Assembly, held at Rockefeller Chapel, where Chey Jong Hyon, AM'61, was awarded the Alumni Medal(see "Chey's Way," page 24), and George Rinder, X'41, MBA'42, received the UniversityAlumni Service Medal (see below).Featured throughout "Class News," 22 other award winners were cited for their serviceto society, professional achievement, or service to the University.An "Affair" to RememberAccording to George Rinder, his"love affair" with the U of C beganin kindergarten,compelling the LabSchools student to enroll in the College andleading to an M.B.A.with honors. The affairhas become a "lifetimepartnership," as Rindertook on an ever-growing list of volunteerresponsibilities, fromworking on the GSBannual fund for over 30years to serving as giftchair for the class of1941's 50th reunion.Despite a busy careerwith Marshall Field &Co. — from which heretired in 1986 as vicechairman — Rinder found time to cochairthe business school's first annual-givingcampaign in 1958, helping to raise nearly$16,000. By the time he chaired the 25thyou're a Chicago product, you've got to be good!"Judith Weinshall Liberman, AM'53, JD'54, had anexhibition of her Holocaust wall hangings at theDeCordova Museum in Lincoln, MA, in Decemberand January. The works were originally displayed atthe Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem.Ralph J. Massey, AM'54, retired from ChemicalBank in 1992, and "is tending to the needs" of hiswife and ten grandchildren. He is also doing part-time investment work for a Dutch Antilles company, evaluating the Bahamian government'sbudget for its chamber of commerce, and building asingle-seat, all-wood airplane in his garage. Remi C.Pattyn, MBA'54, retired as president of Pattyn &Associates at the end of 1993.K Thomas R. Bennett II, PhD'55, of Fremont,CA, retired as professor of administrationand management from George Williams College in1979, but continues his 50-year career as a consultant to the defense department. Elizabeth RobinsonCohen. AB'55, AB'59, AM'63, reports that daughterSara <raduated second in her class from CaliforniaWestern School of Law and is clerking in districtcourt in Colorado. Son Michael will soon earn hismaster's in math. She and husband Edward — "theGeorge Rinder, X'41,MBA'42University Alumni Service Medalistcampaign, the total had climbed to $1.4million. Other GSEynvolvements includejlgpRitions on the Council on the GSB and thealumni associationboard of directors."I believe he hasserved, and servedwell, in every possiblevolunteer role at theGraduate School ofBusiness," says GSBDean Robert Hamada.A UC2MC member,Rinder has showncommitment to the|- College as well: During| the Centennial, besideshelping plan the galadinner, he led his classto a 50th-reunion-giftrecord of $817,672,with a participation rate of 66 percent."It is an enjoyable experience to raisemoney for this institution," Rinder says."There is no finer product to sell."happy retirees" — recently enjoyed a trip to ArchesNational Park. Anne Smith Denman, HC55, isdean of Central Washington University's newly created College of Behavorial, Natural and Social Sciences. Barton C. Hacker, AB'55, AB'60, AM'62,PhD'68, is the historian at the Lawrence LivermoreNational Laboratory. His book Elements of Controversy: The Atomic Energy Commission and RadiationSafety in Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1947-1974 waspublished in 1994. Iwao Shino, MBA'55, is president of Pfizer Health Research Foundation inTokyo. Diane Yale, X'55, president of the Familyand Divorce Mediation Council of Greater NewYork, led a workshop on "Socially ResponsibleDivorce" in December.REUNION/ MaYM -June 2Philip S. Marcus, AB'56, SB'58, SM'59, amathematics professor at Eureka College,recently received an NSF grant to investigate theuse of computers in classroom math instruction.BV William H. Maehl, Jr., PhD'57, is principalMMm investigator for the adult learning project ofRegents College and SUNY-Empire State College. Graham W. Pascoe, MBA'57, is an associate professorof marketing at Charles Sturt University in Bathurst,Australia. He and his wife have visited the U.S. severaltimes since his graduation, and planned to visit England to see their 26-year-old son, Boyd, in 1995.Katherine Koenig Radosh, AB'58, andJoanne Wagner Sheffield, X'58, see 1953,Burnett H. Radosh. In December, William R.Rogers, DB'58, PhD'65, president of Guilford College, spoke on "Asking the Right Questions aboutGovernment Regulatory Policies and Higher Education Accountability" at the 99th annual meeting ofthe Southern Association of Schools and Colleges.Robert A. Groh, MBA'59, enjoys the experience of managing two nursing homesnear downtown Toledo, OH. Chris D. Kehas,AM'59, is a professor emeritus at Boston University,where he was the School of Education's divisiondirector and chair and director of training in itscounseling psychology program. Kehas is alsochairing Manchester (NH) High School Central's1995-96 sesquicentennial. He would love to hearfrom any U of C alumni who attended Central; hisaddress is P.O. Box 545, Manchester, NH 02105-0545. Donald E. Rappe, SB'59, writes, "I am retiredfrom business and caring for my 2-year-old granddaughters while my daughter (their mother) goesback to school." Elizabeth Hughes Schneewind,AB'59, is assistant director of older-adult servicesfor Jewish Family Services of Central Maryland.Larry F. Waltman, AM'59, teaches in the AmericanUniversity's School of Communications.Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, AB'60, PhD'65,see 1941, Norman N. Greenman. In August1994, Michael J. Harrison, SM'56, PhD'60, presenteda research paper at the Triennial World Congress onMedical Physics in Rio de Janeiro. He then flew toAmazonas and explored the jungle for several daysbefore going to Salvador and Bahia, Iguacu Falls, andthe pantanal. Gerald A. ("Mac") McReynolds, X'60,see 1966, Maureen Sims McReynolds. Melvin H.Tennis, Jr., AM'60, a field investigator for the MutualUFO Network, helped organize a UFO study groupin Miami. Retired from educational psychology, hesings in a church choir and composes "simplesongs." Tennis is also compiling incidents for aWWII landing craft/tank history.Reunion May 31-June 2Nancy Cox DeSombre, AB'61, AM'62, ispresident of Harold Washington College, oneof the City Colleges of Chicago. K Lance Haddix,AB'61, an attorney with Pristine Law Offices, reportsthat his company opened a branch in China in 1994.Anne Bamett Shere, AB'61, see 1931, BettyMessinger Bamett. Tamara Yacker, AB'52, AM'61,received the City Colleges of Chicago distinguishedprofessor award for 1990-91 and retired in Juneafter 34 years as an English professor.Ira J. Fistell, AB'62, JD'64, does five hoursa night of general talk and discussion programming with KABC Talkradio in Los Angeles.His two-year sabbatical in 1993-94 gave him timeto write a book, which he has been sending to publishers. He and wife Tonda have two daughters,ages 8 and 13. David H. Levey, AB'62, is managingdirector of the sovereign risk unit at Moody'sInvestors Service in New York City. His wife,Sandra, is completing her Ph.D. and is a teachingfellow at Lehman College. Son Daniel works in thetelevision industry in L.A., and twin daughtersTania and Marissa are both first-year graduate students in New York City. Richard L. Miller, SB'62,PhD'65, was elected a foreign member of the Lin-nean Society of London for his research demonstrating sperm chemotaxis in animals. The societybestows only 50 foreign memberships, which are38 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995Creative Citizenship: The Public Service CitationsRoger Axford, AM'49, PhD'61A professor emeritus at Arizona State University, Axford is an adult-education advocate,the author of several books on education,and founder of the Re-Careering Institute. Aformer president of the Tempe ACLU, he hasestablished an ASU coalition for world peaceand a tactile-art museum for the visuallyimpaired. Axford has long been active on theAlumni Schools Committee. Barbara Engal, AB'75In her ten years as director of women's services at the Chicago YWCA, Engel developedrape- and domestic-violence-sensitivity training for counselors, police officers, lawyers,and judges; helped form the Illinois CoalitionAgainst Sexual Assault; and cowrote Illinois'sexual-assault statutes. Most recently, Engelchaired the task force that developed the Cityof Chicago's sexual-harassment policy. Norman N. GUI, PhB'32A senior research scholar at the BradleyInstitute for Democracy and Public Valuesand a political science professor at MarquetteUniversity, Gill has served on over 250 taskforces and commissions in the Milwaukeearea, working to improve transportation, lawenforcement, health, and welfare. Gill has alsoput much of his effort into improving city andstate educational methods and facilities.lifetime awards. Miller recently married Linda E.Hodgman of Hastings-on-Hudson, NY. DanielRosenblum, SB'62, MD'66, the author of A Time toHear, a Time to Help was named "Listener of theYear" by the International Listeners Association.Vicky I. Chaet, BFA'63, had her artworkexhibited in December and January at JustDesserts/Tassajara Bakery in San Francisco. Her workwas also shown in January through artReach, a nonprofit program that exhibits art at events to benefitcommunity-service organizations. George T.Duncan, SB'63, SM'64, completed his term as chair ofthe National Academy of Sciences panel on confidentiality and data access. Daughter Christi graduatedfrom Yale in 1993, son Greg is a junior at Wesleyan,and stepson Webster is a freshman at Dartmouth.Diane Miller Falk, AB'63, AM'66, is president-electof the New Jersey chapter of the National Associationof Social Workers and clinical coordinator of the Rar-itan Bay Mental Health Center in Perth Amboy, NJ.Bernard J. McShane, AB'63, is president of theWriter's League of Washington.M Barbara S. Hughes, AB'64, AM'68, is a partner with the Madison law firm of Stolper,Wilcox & Hughes. She also chairs the elder-law section of the Wisconsin state bar. Charles R. Keen,AB'64, is senior manager of passport verification anddeployment for Northern Telecom in Ottawa. Jennifer Piatt, AM'64, contributed a chapter on theresearch methods of the "second Chicago School" ofsociology to the book A Second Chicago School? to bereleased in September by the U of C Press. "It wasinteresting," she notes, "to find my own experienceas a student now constituting part of my historicaldata." Signe Olson Rich, AM'64, is division managerof the economic-development office of Albuquerque,NM. Barbara Sherman Sussman, AB'64, AM'65, whowas accepted to Reb Zalman Schachter-Shalomi'srabbinical ordination program, writes, "This is a veryexciting new direction that I'm taking."KTroy L. Armstrong, AB'65, is an anthropology professor at California State University,Sacramento. Chester P. Dabrowski, SB'65, was aUSAF officer for four years. He encourages members of his class and adjacent classes to contact himat: UAMC, Sheridan, WY 82801. Charles A. Edwards, AB'65, see 1966, Charles A. Edwards.Raymond C. Kelly, AB'65, received the 1994 University of Michigan Press book award for his workConstructing Inequality. One of his earlier books,The Nuer Conquest, won the same award in 1986.Kelly is a professor of anthropology at UM and wasacting chair of the department in 1993-94. Alan M.Wiener, MBA'65, sold his business in 1993 and isenjoying "spending more time with family, golf,and boating." He was reelected to the board ofdirectors of ERLY Ind. (NASDAQ).Reunion May 31 -June 2Charles A. Edwards, AB'65, was elected tothe management committee of the AnnBrown Military Collection at Brown UniversityLibrary, and is also vice president of the Illinois St.Andrew Society in Chicago. Richard R. Ganz,AB'66, practices internal medicine in Healdsburg,CA. He has been married 13 years and has threestepchildren. Writes Ganz, "Most of what I talkabout with my patients comes from my U of C education, not my medical education." Carol CirelleGould, AB'66, spent 1993-94 in Paris as a Fulbrightsenior scholar, researching French and Americanperspectives on democratic theory. She remains aresearch associate of the Centre de Recherche enEpistemologie Appliquee at the Ecole Polytechniquewhile returning to her regular position as a philosophy professor at Stevens Institute of Technology.Robert G. Greaves, MBA'66, married ElizabethMiericke on November 5 at Saint John's CatholicChapel in Champaign, IL. Maureen SimsMcReynolds, PhD'66, is the manager of environmental and regulatory support for the Austin, TX,water and wastewater utility. She and her husband,Gerald A. ("Mac") McReynolds, X'60, live inAustin. Thomas E. Powers, PhD'66, recently retiredas associate dean of faculty and academic programsat the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Heand wife Kathleen live in Arnold, MD. Anne Rosen-zweig Singer, SB'66 — an attorney in the litigationdepartment at the New Jersey law firm of Blank,Rome, Comisky & McCauley — chaired the NewJersey State Bar Association's criminal-law section for 1994-95. Ellen Weiss Ziman, AB'66, AM'68, see1968,JerroIdJ. Ziman.£H Bruce R. Andich, AB'67, MD'71, tells usV m that his mustache is "now gray," he has his"wife's permission to have an affair," his childrenare now "drug-free," and he's "still wonderingabout Wittgenstein's second postulate." Mark B.Chasin, MBA'67, moved from L.A. to Short Hills,NJ. He works at WRH Partners LLC with the HuffAlternative Income Fund, seeking and analyzinginvestment opportunities. Frank D. Eaman, AB'67,received a distinguished brief award from CooleyLaw School in Lansing, MI, for his brief for thedefendant in People v. Davis, a case before theMichigan Supreme Court. John M. Janzen, AM'64,PhD'67, and Reinhild Kauenhoven Janzen, AM'67,spent December and January in Zaire on an assignment for the Mennonite Central Committee — theservice, development, and relief agency of NorthAmerican Mennonite and Brethren in Christchurches. They worked with Rwandan refugees andalso spent time in Rwanda and Burundi. Sam C.Masarachia, SB'67, is a partner of Family PracticeAssociates of Upper Dublin in Fort Washington,PA. Ronald C. Offen, AM'67, edited TJie StarvingPoets' Cookbook, the first book publication of thepoetry journal Free Lunch, which Offen also edits.Rudolf V. Perina, AB'67, has been charge d' affairesat the U.S. embassy in Belgrade, Serbia, since July1993. Bernard C. Watson, PhD'67, retired as president and CEO of the William Penn Foundation in1993. He is chair of Avenue of the Arts, vice chairof the Pennsylvania Convention Center Authority,and a presidential scholar at Temple University.David A. Klotz, AB'68, reports, "Takingadvantage of the flexibility afforded by self-employment, I have enrolled in the Ph.D. programin astronomy at the University of Massachusetts.(Being laid off at GE three years ago was one of thebest things to happen to me for a long time!)"Thomas R. Mullaney, AM'68, celebrated the tenthanniversary of his public-relations practice, TRMCommunications Network, in Chicago. He writes,"This is all a long way from my quad days studyinginternational relations, yet still great training." AliceKarlin Powell, AB'68, AM'78, continues to practiceUniversity of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 39Making Their Mark: The Professional Achievement Citationslack GeUa, X'73Over the past two decades, Cellahas made the Seminary Co-opBookstore into one of the finestacademic bookstores in the world.Under his management, the Co-ophas grown from a 1,500-member,student-run organization to acooperative with 38,000 shareholders. Cella has also opened abranch store, 57th Street Books,and sponsored public lectures bynotable authors and scholars. Mary Lou Gorno, MBA'76Gorno is a leader in internationaladvertising, known for her work atLeo Burnett Worldwide on suchaccounts as Procter & Gamble.Beginning her career at Tatham,Laird & Kudner, where she wasnamed the youngest-ever equitypartner, she then became presidentof the health-care agency Hamilton, Carver & Lee. Gomo has beena GSB fund-raiser and an AlumniExecutive Council member. Attallah Kappas, MD 50Kappas, the Sherman Fairchildprofessor at Rockefeller Universityand a leading authority in metabolic and genetic disorders,recently helped develop a new wayto treat jaundice in newborns. Hishonors include the National Institutes of Health's first annual awardfor excellence in clinical research.Kappas taught at the U of C andhas also been Rockefeller's vicepresident and physician-in-chief. Lewis P. Lipsitt, AB 50Lipsitt, who has taught at BrownUniversity since 1957, establishedone of the first U.S. laboratoriesdedicated to the behavioral studyof infants, developing many of thefield's basic research methods. Apublic educator and advocate foryoung children, he founded thejournal In/ant Behavior and Development and has produced some200 academic and mainstreampublications.psychotherapy in Portland, and has "added horseback riding to her leisure activities." Her husband,Michael M. Powell, X'68, still runs his bookstoresin Portland ("yes, the same Powell's as Chicago"),and was recently appointed a commissioner of thePort of Portland by the governor. Screenwriter andeditor Mark B. Rosin, AB'68, and Barry Glasserwrote a play, Twice Removed, that premiered at theSharon (CT) Stage in June and starred Estelle Parsons and Carol Kane. Rosin and wife Cynthia, anactress and acting teacher, live in L.A. Jerrold J.Ziman, AB'68, who met Rosin during the Blackfri-ars show Hey, Manny, Get This..., is producingTwice Removed in association with Sharon Stage.Ziman and his wife, Ellen Weiss Ziman, AB'66,AM'68, live in New York City with their children,Sasha and Elizabeth.Jamie W. German, MAT'69, teaches chemistry and seminars on evolution and scientific thought at Moses Bown School, a Quakerschool in Providence, RI. Amar N. Maheshwari,PhD'69, is the joint director of India's NationalCouncil of Educational Research and Training. Hehad been vice chancellor of the Cochin Universityof Science and Technology. Stanley I. Mour,AM'58, PhD'69, has retired from the University ofLouisville. J. P. Roos, AM'69, is a professor anddepartment chair of social policy at the Universityof Helsinki. His book A Man's Life was published in1994.IVA Barbara Snow Anderson, AB'70, married#U John H. Romani on August 19, 1994, inAnn Arbor, MI. She is a sociology professor at theUniversity of Michigan, where he is a professoremeritus of public-health administration. LindaSmith Cmic, AB'70, is a professor of pediatrics andpsychiatry at the University of Colorado School ofMedicine. Karen L. Katen, AB'70, MBA'74, executive vice president ol the U.S. pharmaceuticals groupat Pfizer, is on the board of directors of Harris Corporation. Stuart A. Newman, PhD'70, a professor ofcell biology and anatomy at New York Medical College, received the college's 1994 dean's distinguished research award for his work in developmental biology and tissue morphogenesis. Lluis G. Renart-Cava, MBA'70, is head of the alumni division ofIESE, the international graduate business school ofthe University of Navarra in Barcelona.Reunion May 31-June 2WWW Linda May Fitzgerald, AB'71, AM'74,#1 PhD'90, see 1984, Christian P. Gruber.Margo P. Jones, AB'71, and her partner, Christopher Sikes, recently became the parents of Olga (4)and Natasha (3) Jones-Sikes, who came to themfrom Perm, Russia. William C. Richardson,MBA'64, PhD'71, left the presidency of Johns Hopkins University this summer to become presidentand CEO of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, thenation's second-largest philanthropic foundation.Eileen J. Shields, MAT'71, is an attorney with theLawyer's Disciplinary Committee in New York City.She would love to hear from classmates.¦V4 Sally R. Banes, AB'72, who chairs the Uni-M MM versity of Wisconsin dance program,received the 1994-95 Howard D. Rothschild fellowship in dance from the Harvard Theatre Collection.Her 1993 book, Greenwich Village 1963: Avant-Garde Performance and the Effervescent Body, earneda special citation from the de la Torre Bueno prizepanel of the Dance Perspectives Foundation. EdithEdwards Hannah, MST'72, retired from the ChicagoBoard of Education at the end of the 1993-94 schoolyear. William G. Karis, MBA'72, is president ofCONSOL, Inc.Neal S. Millard, JD'72, is an adjunct law professorat the University of Southern California Law Center,where he teaches international finance. His firstchild, Kendall Layne, was born July 25, 1994.Pamela Reichl, AB'72, AM'74, graduated from theUniversity of Illinois in December 1994 with amaster's degree in library and information science.She was working to pass a tax-support referendumfor her local volunteer library before the April 1995election. Andrew L. Segal, AB'72, producer of CNN special reports, won a national news and documentary Emmy award last September for producing"Our Planetary Police," a one-hour documentaryabout the U.N.'s attempt to redefine its role in thepost-cold war era. Peggy A. Sullivan, PhD'72, is anassociate with the Chicago executive-search firmTuft & Associates, where she specializes in searchesfor libraries and information centers. Faye K.Zucker, AB'72, AM'75, is managing acquisitionseditor for Teachers College Press at Columbia University and has moved the home base of her medical-book production company, Edelsack ZuckerEditorial Service, from New York City to Vestal, NY.HQ John L. Chastain, AB'73, edits The Chestnutm V Tree, the journal of the Pierre ChastainFamily Association. Rosemary Likey Hake, AM'67,PhD'73, is an English professor at California StateUniversity, Los Angeles. She was a visiting professor in American studies at Blaise Pascal Universityin Clermont-Ferrand, France, for the first half of1995. Kazimiera Stypka, AM'73, has a private practice for individual, couple, and family therapy inVictoria, British Columbia. She is busy organizingworkshops for counselors and providing counselingthroughout lower Vancouver Island and Vancouver. John J. Tyson, PhD'73, a professor of cellularand molecular biology at Virginia Tech, is co-chiefeditor ol the Journal of Theoretical Biology. Stuart A.Kauffman, CLA'75, one of Tyson's doctoral advisersat the University, formerly held the position.*WM Sheldon I. Banoff, JD'74, chaired the U of* ¦ C Law School's 47th annual federal taxconference, held in Chicago. Jonathan O. Harris,AB'74, is medical director of North Broward Neurological Institute's Multiple Sclerosis ComprehensiveCare Center (FL). Son Jacob, 5, made his actingdebut as a fairy in the play Snow White. Calvin E.Hayes, AB'74, a data-processing consultant withKeane, Inc., for five years, celebrated 20 years indata processing in October. Marjorie LangeSchaffner, AM'70, PhD'74, is president of thenational marketing division of Metromail. On September 10, she and husband Robert will celebrate40 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/AUGUST 1995Elroy L. Bice, PhB'47A professor at the University ofOklahoma since 1948, Rice is apioneer in the growing field ofallelopathy, the science of chemical interactions among plants andmicroorganisms. The author offour books and over 100 articles,he has received several awards forresearch and teaching excellence.Rice's research has been used toidentify solutions to environmental problems worldwide. Terrance Sandalow,AB'54, JB'S7A distinguished professor andformer dean of the University ofMichigan Law School, Sandalowhas applied liberal-arts principlesto strengthen the school's interdisciplinary character. An expert inconstitutional law and federalcourts, he has published twobooks and numerous articles andis a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. loel Segall, MBA 49.AM 52, PhD 56During his 20 years on the GSBfaculty, Segall held visitingappointments at several universities. He left teaching to accept keypositions in the Treasury andLabor departments, then returnedto education as president ofBaruch College, where he createdits first endowed chair, increasedfaculty appointments, andlaunched a new building program. Carl Wolz, AB'59Best known as the founder of theWorld Dance Alliance, Wolz hasheaded ground-breaking danceprograms in Hawaii, Hong Kong,and, most recendy, Japan.Through books, choreography,and labanotation, Wolz hasimproved the documentation,analysis, and dissemination ofAsian dance forms — work that hasfostered greater understanding ofboth Eastern and Western art.their first anniversary. Sharon K. Stephens, AB'74,AM'78, PhD'84, see 1975, Ann Grodzins Gold.David A. Weinberg, SB'74, is an associate professorof mathematics at Texas Tech University. When notresearching harmonic analysis, algebraic geometry,and linear algebra, he plays basketball and pianobut finds it "lonely in Lubbock."HB Barbara Bruns Bachrach, AB'75, and hus-m V band Miguel announce the October 26 birthof son Eric Pedro, who joined sister Elena, now 5.Anthony J. Barrett, AB'75, MBA'77, and MargueriteKelly, AB'75, MBA'78, have been living in Cairo foralmost three years, "enjoying the cultural intensityof life and learning a little Arabic." Barrett is inEgypt to develop business opportunities in naturalgas for Amoco. Ann Grodzins Gold, AB'75, AM'78,PhD'84, a religion professor at Syracuse University,spent most of 1993 as a Fulbright senior researchfellow in rural North India, studying cultural constructions of the natural environment. An articlebased on that fieldwork, "Drawing Pictures in theDust: Rajasthani Children's Landscapes," appearedin a special issue of the journal Childhood, edited bySharon K. Stephens, AB'74, AM'78, PhD'84. StuartA. Kauffman, CLA'75, see 1973,JohnJ. Tyson.Charles H. Koch, Jr., LLM'75, the Woodbridgeprofessor of law at the College of William andMary, has completed a supplement to Administrative Practice and Procedure and is an adviser for theVirginia Code Commission. Barry A. Kozyra,AB'75, is a trustee of the nonprofit Legal ServicesFoundation of Essex County, NJ, providing legal-services funding for the poor. Managing partner ofWalder, Sondak & Brogan, PA., Kozyra specializesin litigation. Married to wife Cheryl for nine years,he spends his spare time "trying to keep up withthe unending activities" of daughters Jillian Elizabeth, 7, and Alexandra Antoinette, 4. Philip R.Pitruzzello, AB'75, is president and CEO of BatteryPark City Authority, a New York state public-benefit corporation intended to develop the area as a residential and commercial center. Michael Rusli,AB'75, MD'79, has been happily married to his wife, Ann, for ten years. They have two sons, ages 6 and7, and full-time careers. Rusli would like to hearfrom old friends at 1162 Quail Hollow Road, Hum-melstown, PA 17036.Reunion may3i-june2 968W|fl* James E. Boggan, MD'76, is a professor of*U neurological surgery at the University ofCalifornia, Davis. He and wife Jennie have a 5-year-old daughter, Jordan, "who already plans to go tothe U of C" Julie Mallory Church, AM'76, is associate director of the office of multicultural and community affairs for Rowan College of New Jersey.Edward T. Cotham, Jr., AM'76, is president of TheTerry Company in Houston. Ellen L. Longsworth,AM'76, is an associate professor and chair of thefine-arts department at Merrimack College in NorthAndover, MA. Patrick E. Shrout, PhD'76, chairsNYU's psychology department.HA Arthur D, Durant, AM'78, is a professor ofm %m alcoholism sciences at Governors State University. Barbara Shaeffer Schmitt, AB'78, marriedRonald Schmitt on May 14, 1994. She writes, "Addedbonuses are Becky, 16; Tyson, 14; and Lorelei, 11,not to mention a dog and three cats. It's neverboring!" Martin S. Simon, AB'78, completed a six-month deployment to the Mediterranean and Redseas and the Arabian Gulf aboard the U.S.S. GeorgeWashington. He served as a congressional and WhiteHouse staff escort during the Normandy ceremoniesfor the 50th anniversary of D-Day.W Richard L. Benedict, AB'85, and his wife,Cynthia Cobb Benedict, AB'84, announcethe November 1 birth of son James Galen, who joinssister Sarah, now 5. They have moved fromWheaton, IL, to Texas, where Richard is developingelectric-power plants for Amoco. He would like tohear from U of C alumni at 713/395-4583. James G.Buss, AB'79, MD'83, was featured on a 48 Hours special on fighting pain. Buss was shown performing ahysterectomy using hypnotherapy instead of conventional anesthesia. He and wife Susan live in the Minneapolis suburbs, where he practices with theColumbia Park Medical Group. Michael A. Don-nella, JD'79, enjoyed seeing everyone at the 1994Law School reunion. Bradley S. Gerratt, MBA'79,AM'79, has been promoted to director of the John F.Kennedy Library, where he had been deputy director since November 1988. Michael H. Potts,MBA'79, president of Hammond Communications,which specializes in direct-mail and database systems, has signed a long-term, strategic-allianceagreement with Dan Howard Maternity and MotherTime. Joseph H. Ulowetz, AB'79, SM'81, and MarySavitsky-Ulowetz, AM'81, announce the December24 birth of Christina Nicole.M Christopher Baine, MBA'80, recentlyreturned to the U.S. after seven years withSolomon Brothers in Japan, and now works for thecompany in New York City. Baine is married withfour children. Gail M. Ellingwood, AB'80, and DanD. Greenway, X'80, married in 1986 and live at thefoot of the Blue Ridge Mountains with two dogs andfour cats. She is a senior consultant at Booz- Allenand Hamilton and the president of Blue RidgeBreads, a home-based baking company. Christopher P. ("Kip") Hall, JD'80, writes that his lawfirm's name was changed to Piliero, Goldstein,Jenkins & Hall and is located at 292 MadisonAvenue in New York City. He invites classmates tovisit. Steven L. Reynolds, AB'80, was grantedtenure and promoted to associate professor in Arizona State University's philosophy department. Heand wife Sharman have three sons, Andrew, 5; Benjamin, 3; and Daniel, 1. Rachel Flick Wildavsky,AB'80, is a senior staff editor at Reader's Digest. Sheand husband Ben live in San Francisco with theirdaughter, Eva Miriam.Reunion may3i-june2Ql Carol A. Barrette, AB'81, started a foot-and-Ol ankle clinic in Massachusetts after completing an orthopaedic surgery residency at Yale.Jennifer Briggs Braswell, AB'81, was a FulbrightUniversity of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 41They Came, They Saw, They Gave: The Alumni Service CitationsGeraldine S. Alvarez,PhB'34A University volunteer for 65years, Alvarez has been vice president of the Alumni Cabinet and aleader of the Women's Board. Adedicated fund-raiser for the Oriental Institute and Wyler Children's Hospital, she was programchair for her 50th reunion, headedthe planning committee for her55th, and led a record-breakingfund-raising drive for her 60th. Linda S. Braidwood,AM'46Braidwood — in professional collaboration with her husband, Professor Robert Braidwood — has spent50 years volunteering for the Oriental Institute. A specialist in flint-tool analysis, she has conductedseveral major archaeological expeditions. Though nepotism rulesprevented her from pursuing aPh.D. at Chicago, she is a respectedauthor, lecturer, and mentor. Anita J. Brickell, AB'75,MBA'76Cochair (with husband Mark) ofthe 1977 New York Alumni Funddrive, Brickell also worked on thePresident's Fund and the Campaignfor the Arts and Sciences, and ledher tenth-reunion gift drive. Aformer Alumni Cabinet vice president, Brickell was on the Centennial alumni committee and helpedplan two reunions. She is active inthe New York President's Council. Mark Brickell, AB'74An enthusiastic fund-raiser,Brickell has served on the executive committee of the NationalAlumni Fund Board and as treasurer of the Alumni Association'sBoard of Governors. He was giftchair for his tenth and 20threunions and worked on two capital campaigns. Formerly presidentof the New York alumni club,Brickell now chairs the NewYork President's Fund.scholar in Belize in 1994 and "will be there in 1995with fingers crossed for funding." Her research concerns the ancient Mayan nonroyal elite. J. MikeCraven, AB'81, finished his otolaryngology residencyat the University of Cincinnati and is now on staff atNaval Hospital in Jacksonville, Fl. he and his wife,Peri L. Gruber, AB'82, announce the January 1994birth of Hank, who joined Lillian, 3, and Mickey, 5.Patricia Dwyer-Hallquist, PhD'81, left her industrial-research position to have more time with her husband and two sons, 4 and 7. She now does freelanceindexing of science books. Jonathan H. Lemberg,AB'82, works in the Hong Kong office of the law firmof Morrison & Foerster. Wendy Beth Oliver, AB'81,see 1983, Sue A. Fisher-Young. Gary D. Raymond,MBA'81, announces the October 13 birth of daughterTova Rachel, who joined brothers Nathan, now 4,and Samuel, now 2. Carlos G. Rizowy, AM'75,PhD'81, is honorary consul of Uruguay for the Midwest. He continues to practice law, specializing ininternational law and foreign policy. Mary Savitsky-Ulowetz, AM'81, see 1979, Joseph H. Ulowetz.Michael A. Todt, CLA'72, AM'72, PhD'81, is CEO ofSharpe Hospital in Weston, WV.Jerrold R. Brandell, PhD'82, recently traveled to Israel as a guest of the University ofHaifa School of Social Work, where he presented apaper at the school's fall faculty seminar. Brandellpresented a second paper at Bar-Ilan University.Associate professor and chair of the graduate concentration in mental health at the Wayne State University School ol Social Work, he is editor-in-chief ofThe Journal of Analytic Social Work. Charles H.Cannon, Jr., MBA'82, vice president of FMC Corporation and general manager of its food-machinerygroup, is headquartered in Brussels. Mary BorchardtFreeman, AB'82, celebrates six years of marriage toJohn this fall. After six years at the Art Institute ofChicago, last fall she started a new job as seniorcommunications analyst at Northwestern Technologies Group Writer Katherine B. Griffith, AB'82, andher husband, Soren, announce the September 24,1993, birth of daughter Savannah Rose. They spent 1994 in Chile while he did doctoral research.Peri L. Gruber, AB'82, see 1981, J. Mike Craven.Patrick J. Larkin, AB'82, has written three books withLarry Bond; the two have a new book, Blindside,coming out later this year. Larkin has signed a contract with Warner Books for his own book. JonathanH. Lemberg, AB'82, see 1981, Jonathan H. Lemberg.Christopher J. Lesieutre, AB'82, announces theNovember 1 birth of daughter Rebecca Anne. Heformed his own public relations/advertising agency —"still going strong" — in Hungerford, UK, two yearsago. Rebecca L. Madigan, MBA'82, is project managerat Dun & Bradstreet Software in Columbus, OH.Cynthia Steams Monroe, AM'77, MBA'82, is marketing manager of Cambridge Technology Partners' central region. Larry W. Whitlow, AB'82, retired afterthree years as a "technomercenary" in Tokyo to"'Thoreau' himself into a new career of poetry andtravel, love and adventure, bicycling and juggling.Winter '95 in the Philippines and after that — ???Postcards from the fringes to anybody who writes:3007 Avenue Loire, Oak Brook, IL 60521."David M. Altschuler, AM'75, PhD'83, waspart of the Maryland governor-elect's transition policy group on public safety. Michael T. Baldwin, AB'83, moved to Manhattan and is president ofTvMarketing, a marketing firm that provides support to distributors of programming and ancillaryrights. He is single and has a 2-year-old daughter,Hayley. David B. Brooks, AB'83, see 1984, Jane M.Hughes. Elizabeth ("Betsy") Nichols Brosch, AB'83,celebrated ten years of marriage with the February26, 1994, birth of daughter Rebecca Elizabeth. Sherman S. Fan, MBA'83, is director of finance andadministration for MoSys Inc., a start-up semiconductor company. Sue A. Fisher-Young, AB'83,recently had her second child. Shortly after givingbirth, she was visited by Wendy Beth Oliver, AB'81,who had just returned from a yearlong trip aroundthe world. Fisher- Young, the assistant radiation-safety officer at California State University, Fuller-ton, is active in state and local organizations in thehealth and safety field. In May 1994, she moderated an open forum on women in science for the South-em California Academy of Science annual meeting.Constance R. Kanter, MBA'83, is director of financeand administration at Teledesic Corporation, whichis developing a global satellite-communications network for broadband application.Andrew C. MacLachlan, AB'83, promoted tomajor in the U.S. Marine Corps, assumed newduties as the legal adviser for the joint task forceProvide Promise in Yugoslavia. He and wife Heidihad their second child, Anthony Thomas. MichaelW. Miller, MBA'83, is president and CEO of SpatialPositioning Systems. Jonathan S. Och, MBA'83; hiswife, Rita; and their 2-year-old son, Sam, moved toLondon in December. Och runs the forward foreignexchange and short-term interest rate swap department for Swiss Bank Corporation. Amy RosenblattRosoff, AB'83, and husband Charles announce theNovember 13 birth of daughter Heather Fay. Theylive in Stamford, CT. Amy is an assistant vice president in human resources for Citibank. Allan J.Rothman, AB'83, MBA'88, and his wife, Elaine,announce the June 8, 1994, birth of son MarcDavid. They live in Yorktown Heights, NY. JudithA. M. Scully, AB'83, a civil- and human-rightsattorney and community activist in Chicago,received a women's leadership award from ChicagoWomen in Philanthropy in February. Scully washonored for her work in women's reproductiverights and social-justice issues.MJohn C. Baum, AM'84, and Laura M.Satersmoen, AM'86, were married at BondChapel on October 9, 1993. The reception was atthe Smart Museum. In attendance were DennisAdrian, AB'57; Smart Museum curator Richard A.Bom, AM'75; Joan I. Lee, AB'81; Lila Lang, X'82;Kristy Stewart Carroll, AB'84; Anne L. Redlich,AM'85; Michael W. Carroll, AB'86; Julie Zeftel,X'86; Matthew D. Beckerman, AB'91; Stanley J.Murashige, AM'81, PhD'91; Heidi H. Fung,PhD'94; Inge Maser, wife of the late U of C art professor Edward A. Maser, AM'48, PhD'57; and Oliv-era Mihailovic, the art department's slide librarian.42 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995Adrianne S. Harvitt,AB'75, MBA'76Vice president of the U of CWomen's Business Group,Harvitt is also on the Women'sBoard steering committee. Herfund-raising activities includeInternational House's annual fundand the Campaign for the NextCentury. Harvitt has been anactive reunion volunteer, leadingthe planning for her tenth and theclass-gift effort for her 20th. Maurine E. Kornfeld,AB'48, AM 48A driving force behind theL.A. alumni club, Kornfeld hasserved several terms on itsgoverning board and written theclub newsletter. She has workedas a President's Fund and reunionvolunteer, helped plan the's Centennial celebration,and, as an SSA grad, helpedorganize and increase alumnisupport for the school. lohn B. Lyon, AB'55In his terms as president of theL.A. alumni club and the U of CAlumni Association, Lyon set andmet high standards. His workduring the Centennial, especiallyin planning Hutchins College programs, was invaluable. A longtimeAnnual Fund volunteer, Lyon hasworked on two capital campaigns,served as gift chair for three classreunions, and now chairs the LosAngeles President's Council. Steffi Wallis, AB'67As vice president and president ofthe Washington, D.C, alumniclub in the 1980s, Wallis helpedmake it one of the University'sstrongest. She headed planning forD.C's gala Centennial celebrationand has served on the AlumniAssociation's Board of Governors,helping to revive the clubs program and reorganize the Board'sstructure. Wallis also recruits forthe Alumni Schools Committee.The couple live in San Francisco. Cynthia CobbBenedict, AB'84, see 1979, Richard L. Benedict.Mark G. Contreras, AB'84, is president and publisher of the Times Leader newspaper in Wilkes-Barre, PA. Catherine Johnston Fasano, AB'84, andChristopher G. Fasano, SM'87, PhD'89, announcethe March 13, 1994, birth of Patrick James. Working from home, Catherine writes risk-managementsoftware for the global-equities derivatives group ofUnion Bank of Switzerland.Christian P. Gruber, PhD'84, and Linda MayFitzgerald, AB'71, AM'74, PhD'90, wrote the bookChildren at Home and in Day Care, published in 1994and based on research conducted while the authorsattended the U of C. Jane M. Hughes, AB'84, andDavid B. Brooks, AB'83, returned to New York Cityafter "four-and-a-half long years" in Brussels. She israising their two children, Joshua, 4, and Naomi, 1;he is the editorial features editor for the Wall StreetJournal Werner G. Jeanrond, PhD'84, is a professorof systematic theology at the University of Lund inSweden. Adam T. Kessler, AM'84, curated theexhibit "Empires beyond the Great Wall: The Heritage of Genghis Khan," which opened in March1994 and stayed in LA. for five months before traveling to New York, Nashville, Canada, New Zealand,and Australia. Kessler traveled to Urumchi, Xinjiangprovince, in western China in 1994 to research hisproposal to mount another exhibition of Chinesearchaeology. George Reimonn, AB'86, see 1985,Jeanne Chapman Reimonn.Richard L. Benedict, AB'85, see 1979,Richard L. Benedict. Susan K. Bonar, AB'85,joined the Rockhill Orthopaedic Group in KansasCity, MO, in February after completing a fellowshipin orthopaedic foot-and-ankle surgery at the Caroli-nas Medical Center in Charlotte, NC Bonar earnedher M.D. from Yale in 1989 and completed a residency in orthopaedic surgery at the University ofIowa Hospital and Clinics. Ann-Louise Kuhns,AB'85, and her husband, Steve, announce the September 26 birth of son Joseph Brendan. She took aleave from her job as assistant secretary for program and fiscal affairs with the California Health and Welfare Agency. Steve is director of policy research forthe California Debt Advisory Commission. DouglasJ. Lucas, MBA'85, is co-CEO of Solomon Swapco.Jonathan M. Miller, AB'85, and wife Karin celebrated their ninth anniversary on October 12. Theirdaughter, Laura Grace, was bom at home on March12, 1994, with two midwives, family, and friendspresent. Miller, national sales manager for A-R Editions of Madison, WI, is also founder and artisticdirector of the ten-person vocal ensemble Chicago acappella, which debuted in September 1993. He andhis family moved back to Chicago in summer 1995.Jeanne Chapman Reimonn, AB'85, and George Reimonn, AB'86, announce the September 16 birth ofson Thomas Michael. She is an attorney withFowler, Alley & McNair, specializing in commerciallaw and estate planning. He is director of information systems at Providence Hospital. They enjoyliving in Medford, OR, and being parents. ManuelSanchez, AM'83, PhD'85, is director of planning atService Bank in Mexico. Frances R. Scovil, MBA'85,is director of business analysis and planning at Triangle Wire & Cable, an electical-wire manufacturerin Rhode Island. "I love it!" he reports.Reunion may3i-june2Kevin L. Bryant, X'86, resigned from theNavy in July 1994 after six years of service.He now studies law at the University of Kentucky.Dane S. Claussen, MBA'86, is president of American Newspaper Consultants and director of specialprojects and new products at PitchWeefchy newspaper. Matthew J. Desch, MBA'86, is vice presidentand general manager of Northern Telecom's cellular-systems division. In October, Randall S. Fair-man, Jr., AB'86, received his doctorate in mathematics from Rutgers University for a dissertationtitled "P-subnormal Subgroups of Finite SimpleGroups." His wife, Janet Faellaci Fairman, AB'86, iscompleting her Ph.D. in education at Rutgers,studying the influence of authentic assessment on classroom instruction for grades K-12. Theirdaughter, Evelyn, is 3 years old. Gordon K.Hellwig, AM'86, is a political officer coveringIndia's foreign relations at the U.S. embassy in NewDelhi. Joanne M. O'Sullivan, AB'86, received herlaw degree from Boston College and practices lawin Norwell, MA. She lives on Cape Cod and runsand plays with her three retired greyhounds in herspare time. George Reimonn, AB'86, see 1985,Jeanne Chapman Reimonn. Laura M. Satersmoen,AM'86, see 1984, John C. Baum. Joel R. Zand,AB'86, and his wife, Renee, announce the birth ofson Amitai. Zand is an associate in the New YorkCity law firm of Finkelstein, Borah, Schwartz,Altschuler & Goldstein, P.C., specializing in landlord-tenant and real-estate law.flklV Eugene F, May, MD'87, announces the Sep-^P m tember 22 birth of his second son, Nathan.Bruce A. Ringstrand, MBA'87, is operations managerat Ecova's Kimball, NE, facility. His wife, Joyce, andtheir four children, Rob, Ryan, Nick, and Lisa, "arehandling things in Litdeton, CO." Stephen C. Troy,JD'87, MBA'87, is putting his U of C training to useas an entrepreneur, with current projects focusing onreal estate and the health and fitness industry."Believe it or not," writes SulaimanGhaussy, AB'88, "my brother, DavidGhaussy, AB'90, and 1 had a double wedding withAimee Rackow and Mariam Dadgar, respectively,on May 6, 1994, at Berkeley Marina in Berkeley,CA." In attendance were Nicos Tsatsoulis, AB'88,MBA'89, and Farouk Yaftali, AB'92. Sulaiman andhis wife live in Tokyo, where they were recently visited by Mustafa A. Noor, AB'90, MD'94, of La Jolla,CA. Elizabeth Wilson Mitchell, AB'88, and herhusband live in Seattle, where they "have been verybusy with Grace Elizabeth, born November 15,1993 — a candidate for the class of 2015!" HidehitoMurato, MBA'88, and his friends "enjoyed a caroling party in Irvine, CA, while finding spare time inthe crazy PC industry." John A. Schwin III,MBA'88, and his wife, Evelyn, announce the April20, 1994, birth of their first child, Daniel John.University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 43An Early Start: The Young Alumni Service CitationsShaunessye D. Curry, AM'88Vice president of the SSA Alumni Association, Curry has served on the association'sgoverning board since 1990, sitting on itsawards committee and chairing the committee that oversees the SSA Fund. She becamean enthusiastic fund-raiser for the Universitywhile still a student, making calls for thedevelopment office and encouraging otherstudents to help at SSA phonathons. Elizabeth Steiner, AB'85As the new president of the Portland (OR)alumni club, Steiner is energizing club volunteers to plan programs and activities. Aninnovative fund-raiser for the College and amember of the President's Council, Steinerhas been active on the Portland Major GiftsVolunteer Committee and in 1992 createdthe Arthur and Alice Rubin UndergraduateScholarship Fund. Brett Walley-Saunders, AB'85Over the past six years, Walley-Saunders hasprovided service to both students andalumni, offering career information andinternship opportunities to undergraduatesand helping to plan two class reunions. Herefforts were critical in implementing the firststrategic plan in UC2MC's history. Walley-Saunders is now the Chicago club's vice president and chair of its executive committee.Christopher G. Fasano, SM'87, PhD'89, see1984, Catherine Johnston Fasano. Roger J.Kaplan, JD'89, is director of business and legalaffairs at ITC Entertainment Group in Studio City,CA. Clark M. Merkley, JD'89, MBA'89, is associategeneral counsel of Time Insurance in Milwaukee,where he will be working on the development ofHMOs around the country and other managed-careprograms. David J. Michalski, AM'89, is an associatewith the Cleveland law firm of Hahn Loeser &Parks, where he specializes in creditors' rights. Benjamin R. Riensche, MBA'89, completed a three-month Eisenhower exchange in Hungary in March1994. He worked to foster agricultural-credit initiatives in the country's fledgling banking system.MSean C. Casey, SM'84, PhD'90, a scientistat Hughes HSTX, developed a faster,cheaper technique for making infrared array cameras — one that he designed and built recently flewon the Ames Research Center Learjet for astronomical observations. Barry Y. Freeman, AB'90, is anassociate in the litigation department of the Cleveland law firm of Ulmer & Berne, where he concentrates in insurance law. David Ghaussy, AB'90, see1988, Sulaiman Ghaussy. Virginia M. Goldrick,PhD'90, spent two weeks with North American volunteers teaching English in Guanajuato, 'MexicoRoderick E. Mayer, MBA'90, is an associate in thebenefits practice at Hewitt Associates LLC Scott L.Metzger, MBA'90, is an assistant vice president inthe corporate planning and development division ofLincoln National Corporation. Mustafa A. Noor,AB'90, MD'94, see 1988, Sulaiman Ghaussy. Amy I.Schlegel, AM'90, a Ph.D. candidate in the art history and archaeology department at Columbia University, is writing her dissertation on Nancy Speroand feminist art of the 1970s.Prakash Selvaraj, AB'90, was married in India inMarch 1994; he had met his wife during a medicalrotation at an Indian eye hospital in December 1993.A May 1994 reception held in Cleveland had inattendance Giorgio V. P. Kulp, AB'88, John Alfano,AB'90; David A. Anderson, AB'90; James S. Bode-feld, AB'90; Benjamin Ing, AB'90; Chong C. Lee,AB'90; Tushar D. Patel, AB'90, and Ankit Shah,AB'90. Selvaraj graduated from Ohio Stale's medical school jn June 1994 and did an internship inColumbus before moving back to Chicago in July1995 to begin a residency in ophthalmology at CookCounty Hospital. Kirsten L. Sutherland, AB'90, andTodd S. Holmquist, AB'91, AM'95, were married onMay 28, 1994, in Cedar Rapids, IA. Sarah J. Love,AB'88, was a member of the wedding party, whileDaniel T. Niland, AB'91, traveled from Japan to bethe best man. In attendance were University graduate students Patrick O'Loughlin, Marco Temaner,and Carol Wilson. Also present were Charles R.Connell, AM'61, AM'64, PhD'73; Joel Stein, U-High'83; David W. Mulder, AM'75, PhD'84; G.Ralph Strohl, AM'78, PhD'84; Kevin L. Richardson,AB'93; Jeremy N. Wolff, AB'93; and FarhangFarhangfar, SM'94. Kirsten works as a researcherand writer for the University's development researchoffice, while Todd just completed a master's degreein education at Chicago. Michael S. Warner,PhD'90, is a staff historian at the CIA.Reunion91 May 31-June 2Eric L. Brodie, AB'91, graduated in June1994 from the Illinois Institute of Technology's Chicago-Kent College of Law. He is an associate with the Chicago law firm of Sweeney andRiman and an adjunct instructor of appellate advocacy at Chicago-Kent. Todd S. Holmquist, AB'91,AM'95, see 1990, Kirsten L. Sutherland. After twoyears as a systems consultant, James H. S. Hong,AB'91, is a software engineer at Northwestern University. He is the main developer and supporter ofthe system used to process student loans and alsowrites the credit-bureau reporting system thatreports delinquent borrowers. Hong is in the engineering-management master's program at NUShaun P. Lane, AM'91, is vice president of publicpolicy for Children's Home & Aid Society of Illinois. Joy M. Yang, MBA'91, and Lawrence Saez, a Uof C graduate student in political science, were married on November 19 at Grace Cathedral in SanFrancisco. They "started their romance at the International House and clearly spun out of control."Steven D. Heim, a graduate student in the University's department of South Asian languages, was the best man. In attendance were Brigid H. Evans,MBA'91; Felix P. Ruo, MBA'91; C. Roger Williams,MBA'91; and Cynthia I. Yi, AB'87, MBA'91.Shannon M. Embrey, AB'92, lives in LittleRock, AR, where she is director of correspondence for Governor Jim Guy Tucker. She tookthe LSAT in December. Michael H. Hart, AB'92,works in administrative support of visiting government delegations for the American embassy inMoscow. Manny Jacobs, AB'92, acted in the filmMy Father the Hero. John T. Lump, MBA'92, ofDallas, is manager of finance for Andersen Consult-ing's Latin American operations. Mehmet Pasa,PhD'92, has joined McKinsey & Company. Frederick R. Prete, PhD'92, an assistant professor of psychology at Denison University, appeared on theNPR program To the Best o/ Our Knowledge in thefall to discuss his research in vision and seeing systems, using praying mantises as subjects. KatsunoriShimizu, MBA'92, is in cost accounting for nuclearenergy at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in Kobe,Japan. James E. Stawicki, MBA'92, is manager ofcorporate communications for the medical-systemsdivision of Philips Electronics. He lives in theNetherlands and writes that Holland is beautiful.MMark H. Farrell, MBA'93, is senior manager at Ernst & Young LLP. Stathis N.Kalyvas, AM'90, PhD'93, received the 1994 Councilof Graduate Schools/University Microfilm International distinguished dissertation award in social sciences. Daniel J. Nadelberg, AB'93, a senior printspecialist at Young & Rubicam New York, receivedhonorable mention in the Audit Bureau of Circulations' Young Media Professionals Committee 1994"Write Your Future" essay contest. Michael J.Ohler, AB'93, started law school at NYU but misses"the atmosphere of the U of C and Hyde Park."Juan Renta, AM'93, is a U.S. Army foreign-area officer in Uruguay.AC The College reports lhai Jennifer Ordone;,•O AB'95, won $1,000 in a College-sponsoreddrawing. Her name was chosen from all graduatingstudents who returned a survey regarding their concentrations by May 26. Ordonez concentrated inlaw, letters, and society and will be covering theMidwest for the Washington Post.44 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995DeathsFACULTYDorothy Aikin, AM'50, PhD'57, a professor emeritain the SSA, died April 30 in Evanston. She was 85.Among the first to introduce family treatment intothe professional curriculum, she joined the faculty in1951, was named professor in 1964, and retired in1974. A charter member of the National Associationof Social Workers, she worked for the Family Welfare Association in Montreal and taught at McGillUniversity before coming to Chicago. She is survivedby a brother, Archibald, and a sister, Ethel.Francis L. Archer, a retired pathologist at IllinoisMasonic Hospital and a former teacher of pathologyat the Pritzker School of Medicine and the University of Illinois, died January 1 in Evanston. He was75. After taking up bookbinding as a hobby in the1970s, he operated his own bookbinding businessfor several years. Survivors include his wife, Vivian;a daughter; a son; and three grandchildren.Daniel B. Nelson, an associate professor of econometrics and finance in the GSB, died of lung cancerMay 4 at Bernard Mitchell Hospital. He was 36. Interested in the causes of the Depression, he also workedwith statistical models used to predict variability infinancial data and taught classes in investments,applied business forecasting, and empirical methodsin finance. A research fellow at the National Bureauof Economic Research, he was associate editor ofboth the Journal of Business and Economic Statisticsand Review of Financial Studies. Survivors incude hiswife, Therese Allen Nelson, manager of special projects for the University's administrative informationsystems; two sons; and a daughter.C. Herman Pritchett, PhD'37, a professor emeritusin political science and an expert on constitutionallaw, died April 28 in Santa Barbara, CA, at age 88.The author of 12 books, including several widelyused textbooks, he joined the political-science faculty in 1940, twice chairing the department(1948-55, 1958-64). Retiring from the U of C in1966, he taught at the University of California, SantaBarbara, until 1974. President of the American Political Science Association (1963-64), he was also afellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is survived by his wife, Marguerite; a son,Philip Pritchett, U-High '61; and two grandchildren.TRUSTEESNorton Clapp, PhB'28, JD'29, a philanthropistand industrialist, died April 22 at his Medina, WA,home. He was 89. Elected to the University's boardof trustees in 1957, he was named a life trustee in1970. His career at Weyerhaeuser, a companyfounded in part by his grandfather, included postsas the chair, president, and CEO. He retired in1976. Clapp developed Lakewood Center, the firstshopping center west of the Mississippi River, in1935, and helped build the Space Needle for the1962 World's Fair in Seatde. He also was a founderof the Medina Foundation, which specializes inaiding the physically and mentally handicapped.Survivors include his wife, Jacqueline; three sons;four stepchildren; and several grandchildren.1920sAmanda C. Schultz, PhB'22, a retired teacher andCPA and founder of several business schools in Tucson, died March 16 at age 95. Survivors includeher great-great-nephew, Warren C. Schultz, AM'86,PhD'95.Stanley A. Cain, SB'27, PhD'30, former assistantsecretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior anda pioneer in the field of ecology science, died April1 in Santa Cruz, CA. He was 92. After teaching atIndiana and Tennessee universities, in 1950 he wasnamed the Charles Lathrop Pack professor at theUniversity of Michigan, where he founded a department of conservation. In addition to serving in thefederal executive branch (1965-68), Cain wrotetwo books and over 100 articles. He is survived byhis son, Stephen, and seven grandchildren.Willard B. Bloemendal, MD'28, a retired coronerand physician in Grand Haven, MI, died March 20in Grand Rapids at age 93. A physician and surgeonfor 40 years before discontinuing his practice in1967, he was chief of staff at the former GrandHaven Municipal Hospital. Bloemendal was alsoactive in local church and civic activities. Survivorsinclude his daughter, Mary Brown, and three grandchildren.Caroline Riechers Kampmeier, PhB'28, a retiredmedical librarian for what was then Rush Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago, died May 16 in Redlands,CA. She was 88. Kampmeier interned as a medicallibrarian at Billings Hospital. Survivors include asister, two brothers, and 1 1 nieces and nephews.1930sFrances E. Baker, PhD'34, a professor emerita ofmathematics at Vassar, died April 4 at age 92. Afterseveral years on the Mount Holyoke faculty, shespent her remaining career at Vassar, where she wasnamed professor in 1951 and twice served as chairof the mathematics department. Retiring in 1968,she later moved to Arizona.Irwin S. ("Bick") Bickson, AB'34, JD'36, a lawyerand entrepreneur, died April 1 in Honolulu. He was81. Bickson held the first Budget Rent a Car franchise, opened in Chicago in 1959, and was managing director of Budget International at the time ofhis death. A community leader in Honolulu, in1961 Bickson established Budget Rent a Car-Hawaii. He is survived by his wife, Joan; three sons;four daughters; and nine grandchildren.Albert A. Epstein, JD'35, of Glencoe, died March 30at age 82. The labor arbitration attorney founded hisown firm and practiced law for more than 50 yeais,retiring in October 1994. Epstein was a founder andpast president of Briaiwood Country Club in Deer-field. Survivors include his wife, Joan; a son; a daughter; a stepson; two stepdaughters; a sister; twograndchildren; and two stepgrandchildren.Arthur H. Jaffey, SB'36, PhD'41, of Hyde Park,died April 4 at age 80. He had been a nuclearchemist at Argonne National Laboratory for 42years. Survivors include his wife, Silvia SwirskyJaffey, AM'71; three sons, including Stephen M.Jaffey, SB'70; and three grandchildren.Carl P. Klitzke, AM'34, PhD'36, a retired cryptol-ogist and linguist, died November 10 at his home inGlenwood, MD. He was 87. A longtime employee ofthe National Security Agency, he began his careerwith the Army Signal Corps in 1942. He is survivedby his wife, Eleanore, and two brothers, TheodoreE. Klitzke, AB'41, PhD'53, and Lewis W. Klitzke,AB'41, AM'55. Ulysses G. Mason, Jr., MD'36, a physician whohelped establish Cleveland's first interracial hospital, died May 13 in that city. He was 86. Serving onthe admitting staff of three Cleveland hospitals —including Forest City Hospital, which he cofoundedin 1957 — in 1950 Mason joined the faculty of whatis now Case Western Reserve University School ofMedicine, retiring in 1980. He was also president ofthe medical staff of MetroHealth Medical Centerand active in civic organizations. He is survived byhis wife, Melbahu, and three sons.Joan Naumburg Hertzberg, AB'37, died in July1994 at age 78. She is survived by three sons, including Daniel Hertzberg, AB'68, and two grandchildren.Joseph Post, MD'37, a professor of clinical medicine at New York University School of Medicine,died March 25 in Manhattan. He was 82. Hisresearch revealed the connections between alcohol,protein deficiency, and liver ailments and advancedknowledge about the growth of cancer cells. TheWWII veteran was in private practice for 42 yearsand served as an attending physician at Lenox Hilland University hospitals. He is survived by his wife,Anne; two sons, David L. Post, AB'71, and ThomasC. Post, AB'74; and four grandchildren.Florence Salzman Thai, AB'38, a supporter of thearts and liberal causes, died November 29 of multiple sclerosis. The 77-year-old resident of Toledo,OH, is survived by three children, including AnneE. Thai, AB'66, AM'68, and two grandchildren.Salvi S. Grupposo, SB'39, a retired optometristand visual scientist, died March 10 in SouthYarmouth, MA, at age 81. A WWII veteran, heworked at American Optical and Retina Associates,both in Massachusetts. A clinical assistant scientistat the Retina Foundation's Eye Research Institute,Grupposo published several studies followingresults of detached-retina surgery. He is survived byhis wife, Dorothy; two sons; three sisters; a brother;three grandchildren; and several nieces andnephews.John N. Hazard, JSD'39, the Nash professor oflaw emeritus at Columbia Law School and a leadingauthority on the Soviet legal system, died April 7 inManhattan. He was 86. A founder in 1946 of theRussian (now the Harriman) Institute at Columbia,during WWII he advised the U.S. government onSoviet affairs, helping negotitate the lend-leaseagreement between the two countries. Hazardretired in 1977 but continued to teach. He is survived by his wife, Susan; two sons; two daughters;and six grandchildren.R. Bradner Mead, AB'39, MBA'39, a CPA andcareer employee with Household Finance, diedMarch 30 in San Francisco. He was 76. The WWIIveteran retired in 1969 and had traveled to everycontinent. He is survived by a sister, Ruth; abrother, William; and six nieces and nephews.Frances J. Partridge, AM'39, a retired librarianwho worked for the U.S. Information Agency, diedApril 29 at age 84. The Rockville, MD, residenttaught in elementary schools in Springfield, IL,served in the Navy (1943-^19), and worked at thePentworth Library before joining USIA.1940sForrest M. Swisher, MD'40, died April 7 inGreenville, SC. He was 81. He is survived by hiswife, Lois Hay Swisher, SB'40; four children; andsix grandchildren.Robert Ellsworth Smith, AB'42, died April 16 athis home in San Jose, Costa Rica. He was 73. Heretired in 1991 as president of an agency to promote Costa Rican tourism.Richard A. Mugalian, AB'43, JD'47, a former Illinois state representative, died March 22 at age 72.The Palatine resident served as his township'sUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/AUGUST 1995 45Democratic committeeman before being elected tothe Illinois House of Representatives. A longtimeuvil-nghts activist, Mugalian fought for abortionrights and the Equal Rights Amendment. Survivorsinclude his wife, Lola; a daughter; two sons; andthree grandchildren.Harry D. Wilson, MBA'43, the founder and firstpresident of the Scott Rod Co., died April 20 in SanFrancisco. Wilson, 82, had served in executive positions with A. C. Nielsen, Butler Manufacturing, andAerojet General before founding Scott Rod. Survivors incude his wife, Betty Hansen Wilson,PhB'34; a daughter; a son; a sister; and severalnieces and nephews.William C. Walzer, PhD'44, a retired pastor andexecutive with the National Council of Churches ofChrist in the USA, died February 21 at age 82. TheAlexandria, VA, resident visited and consulted withchurches worldwide. Ordained in the Methodistchurch, with standing in the United Church ofChrist and the Christian Church (Disciples ofChrist), he spent a total of 55 years in the ministry.Survivors include his wife, Dorothy; two daughters;a son; three granddaughters; and three grandsons.Norman H. Smith, PhB'49, PhD'55, of Berkeley,CA, died January 11 of gastric cancer. Retired fromC & H Sugar in 1980, he was active as a computerconsultant and volunteer propagator at the University of California Botanical Garden. Survivorsinclude his wife, Patricia; three daughters; two sons;a sister; and three grandsons.1950sRaymond R. Lubway, AB'50, AM'57, a retiredteacher and former Lab Schools principal, diedMarch 19 at his home in Lake in the Hills, IL. Hewas 68. The first principal of the Middle School, hewas with the Lab Schools Irom 1953 until 1990.Lubway also hosted the WMAQ-TV series Read Me aStory in the mid-1960s and was a regular performerin Hyde Park's Gilbert & Sullivan Opera Company.Miriam Grunwald Mendelson, AM'52, an OakI .awn-area school social worker and Holocaust survivor, died April 10 at age 74. She retired in 1993alter 23 years with the school district. Separated fromher family during the Holocaust, she went intohiding for three years. After the war she moved toSouth Shore and was a social worker for the JewishUnited Fund and American Red Cross. For manyyears, Mendelson was a volunteer admissions counselor at the SelfHelp Home, a German-Jewish old-agehome in Chicago. She is survived by two daughters, ason, two brothers, and three grandchildren.Joan Murton Heywood, AB'53, a former elementary-school teacher in Canada and the U.S., diedMarch 7. The Billings, MT, resident was 69. She issurvived by her husband, Stanley J. Heywood,AM'52, PhD'54; two sons; three sisters; a brother;two grandchildren; and several nieces and nephews.1960sCharles F. Kling, Jr., AM'60, a clinical socialworker and psychotherapist, died in May of cancerThe Evanston resident was 63. In his private practice he specialized in family counseling and substance. abuse treatment; he was also a coordinatorfor the Illinois Department of Mental Health(1967-72). An Army veteran, he recently completed his studies for a master's in history at Northeastern. Survivors include two sons, Stephen andO.ivid, and his lather, Charles, Sr.Aaron N. Bloeh, PbD'68, died April 8 at age 53. A[irofcssoi of chemistry and physics who had the U of C as a visiting professor and on the faculties of Johns Hopkins and Columbia, Bloch laterserved as provost of the University of Buffalo. He held six patents and wrote more than 90 scientificpublications. Survivors include his wife, Enid; adaughter; two sons; his mother, E. Judith KahnBloch, AB'38; and two sisters, including Janet BlochMartin, AB'66, PhD'80.1970sWilliam H. Hastings, MBA'70, died May 30,1994, at age 70. The WWII veteran worked withNew York Dock Co., General Foods, Iowa StateUniversity, and Benoit Construction before retiringin 1982. He is survived by his wife, Joan; four sons;a daughter; and two grandchildren.James F. Woodruff, PhD'71, a professor of English at the University of Western Ontario, diedMarch 21 at age 61. Formerly chair of the department, at the time of his death he chaired the department's graduate-studies program. A prolific writer,ART AND ARCHITECTUREKrin E. Gabbard, AB'70, editor, Jazz among theDiscourses and Representing Jazz (Duke UniversityPress). In the first book, scholars from African-American studies, music, English, history, and philosophy examine the kinds of discourse —journalism, scholarship, politics, oral history, andentertainment — that affect conventional writingabout jazz. The essays in the second book chroniclejazz music's impact on various artists, includingwriter Eudora Welty and photographer WilliamClaxton.Robert J. Mullen, X'39, The Architecture andSculpture of Oaxaca, 1530s-1980s (Arizona StateUniversity Center for Latin American Studies). Asequel to Mullen's 1975 book, Dominican Architecture in Sixteenth-Century Oaxaca, this work discusses the continuing importance of the templo inpueblo life and Mullen's finding that many pueblochurches bear Mesoamerican sacred symbols, previously recognized only by the indigenous population. The narration is accompanied by more than400 photos and illustrations.ARTIST'S BOOKSRichard Gordon, AB'67, four artist's books andone portfolio (Flaneur Bookworks). SatanicReverses: a book of 14 b <Sr w photographs andburned, randomly chosen pages from The SatanicVerses; Counting the House: an album of 12 photoswith an introduction by U of C art professor JoelSnyder, SB'61; Souvenir 28 September 1994: analbum bookwork of 17 b & w photos of the RobertFrank opening at the National Gallery of Art; OnlyMemories Remain: an artist's book of a typescriptmemoir, 24 b & w photos, twine, and stones in aburlap bag; and Meta Photographs: a portfolio of 47sequential photos.BIOGRAPHY AND LETTERSKenneth Blackwell and Harry Ruja, AM'34, A Bibliography ofBertrand Russell (Routledge). This three-volume set documents some 3,000 works byphilosopher Bertrand Russell, including books, pamphlets, articles, letters to editors, films, and records.Douglas G. Greene, AM'67, PhD'72, John Dickson Carr: The Man Who Explained Miracles (OttoPenzler Books). Creator of such sleuths as Sir he specialized in Restoration and 18th-century English literature and children's literature. He is survived by his wife, Sandra; a son; and a daughter.1980sMichele L. Gottlieb, AB'85, died December 2 ofcomplications from liver lymphoma. She was 31. InMay the University of California at Riversideposthumously awarded her a Ph.D. in biology. Survivors include a sister, Denise T. Gottlieb, AB'89.1990sBarry V. Benge, AB'93, MBA'94, who worked atSolomon Brothers in New York City, died unexpectedly May 3 of Marian's syndrome, a congenitalcondition that caused his aorta to rupture. He was24. Survivors include his parents, George and Judy.Henry Merrivale and Dr. Gideon Fell, Carr wasknown for the "now-you-see-it, now-you-don't"plot devices he used in his 70 novels and dozens ofshort stories and radio plays. The author discussesCan's life and his place among mystery writers whodominated a classic period of detective fiction.Molly McQuade, AB'81, An Unsentimental Education: Writers and Chicago (University of ChicagoPress). A collection of interviews — presented asfirst-person essays — with 21 leading novelists andpoets, this book features the writers' reflections ontheir U of C experiences and on education in general. Included are Saul Bellow, X'39; Philip Roth,AM'55; and Susan Sontag, AB'51.BUSINESS AND ECONOMICSDorothy Beal Christelow, AB'37, When GiantsConverge: The Role of U.S.-fapan Direct Investment(M. E. Sharpe). Surveying bilateral U.S.-Japandirect investments from the end of WWII throughthe early 1990s, the author argues the investments'importance for generating technology and productivity growth in both nations.B. Delworth Gardner, PhD'60, Plowing Ground inWashington: The Political Economy of U.S. Agriculture(Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy). Gardner argues that agricultural and irrigation-water subsidies are produced by political rent-seeking — andthat they waste economic resources, redistributeincome and wealth from taxpayers and consumersto land owners, and degrade the environment.EDUCATIONEdward A. Riedinger, AM'69, PhD'78, Where inthe World to Leam: A Guide to Library and Information Science for International Education Advisers(Greenwood Press). Riedinger's guide providesbasic knowledge about library and informationmanagement to help educational advisers todevelop themselves as information professionals.Peter Smagorinsky, MAT77, PhD'89, and MelissaWhiting, How English Teachers Get Taught: Methodsof Teaching the Methods Class (National Council ofTeachers of English). Using their study of syllabiIrom 80 courses in methods of teaching secondaryEnglish and language arts, the authors identify basicapproaches to such courses, activities and assessments used in the courses, and major theoreticalpositions articulated through course readings.Books by Alumni46 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/AUGUST 1995FICTION AND POETRYHarry D. Eshleman, AB'50, Fierce Wish for Calm(Mellen Poetry Press). Eshleman's poems are basedon memories of people, incidents, and feelings fromhis childhood in Lititz, Pennsylvania.David E. Ray, AB'52, AM'57, Kangaroo Paws:Poems Written in Australia (Thomas Jefferson University Press). This collection of more than 70poems reflect Ray's experiences and observationswhile on university residencies in Australia.Esta Spalding, AB'88, Carrying Place (House ofAnansi Press). Spalding's poems explore the idea ofthe human body as a meeting place for biology,genealogy, and geography.James S. Thayer, JD'74, White Star (Simon &Schuster). Thayer's seventh novel centers on OwenGray, a legendary Marine Corps sniper in Vietnamwho has made a new life as a New York City federalprosecutor and the adoptive father of three Vietnamese children. Twenty-five years after the war, avengeful sniper returns to hunt him, forcing Grayinto a deadly duel.HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTSDavid H. Fromkin, AB'50, JD'53, In the Time ofthe Americans: FDR, Truman, Eisenhower, Marshal!,MacArthur — The Generation that Changed America'sRole in the World (Alfred A. Knopf). This generational biography describes the lifelong search ofFDR and his contemporaries for an answer to thequestion: What role should the United States playin world affairs?Judith Groner Gordon, AB'50, American StarWork Coverlets (Design Books). Gordon's analysis ofover 80 multishaft geometric coverlets from the 19thcentury provides enough information for today'sweavers to make reproductions. Pages from theunpublished manuscripts of Pennsylvania Germanweavers are reproduced, along with a detailed discussion of a previously unknown weave structure.Mark E. Lincicome, AM'79, PhD'85, Principle,Praxis, and the Politics of Educational Reform in MeijiJapan (University of Hawaii Press). In 1872, Japan'snewly established Ministry of Education attemptedto train a corps of professional teachers for compulsory primary schools. Lincicome argues that ratherthan simply transferring teaching methods andmaterials from the U.S. and Europe, the ministryplanted the seeds of broader reform that wouldchallenge not only its own underlying doctrine ofeducation, but its very authority over education.Barbara H. Rosenwein, AB'66, AM'68, PhD'74;Lynn Hunt; Thomas R. Martin; R. Po-chia Hsia; andBonnie Smith, The Challenge of the West: Peoples andCultures from the Stone Age to the Global Age (D. C.Heath). With chapters treating the major eventsand themes of each particular time period, this textbook integrates political narrative with elite, popular, and anthropological culture.POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAWDavid Conradt; Gerald Kleinfeld; George K.Romoser, AM'54, PhD'58; and Christian Soe, editors, Germany's New Politics (Berghahn Publishers).Romoser and 14 other specialists on German affairsanalyze the 20 state, federal, and European electionsin Germany in 1994. Combining empirical electoralresearch and discussion of new developments inGerman democracy, the contributors analyze implications for the future of German politics, government, and economic and foreign-policy issues.Jay M. Feinman, JD'75, Economic Negligence: Liability of Professionals and Businesses to Third Partiesfor Economic Loss (Little, Brown). Feinman uses literature on the contract-tort boundary, relational contract theory, and critical legal studies to surveyand analyze cases in which two parties have a contract and the negligent performance of that contractinjures a third person.PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGYDale G. Larson, AB'71, The Helper's Journey:Working with People Facing Grief, Loss, and Life-Threatening Illness (Research Press). Chapters onemotional involvement, stress management, communication skills, and social issues address the personal, interpersonal, and societal challenges facingtoday's professional and volunteer helpers.RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHYWilliam Dean, AM'64, PhD'67, The ReligiousCritic in American Culture (State University of NewYork Press). After noting the absence of publicintellectuals in American universities, the author-Priestly gender roles (see Social Sciences).calls for "religious critics" who would assess thenational spiritual culture, even in the ostensiblygroundless postmodern era.J. Albert Harrill, AM'89, PhD'93, The Manumissionof Slaves in Early Christianity (Verlag J.C.B. Mohr).Bridging the gap between classical and New Testament studies, Harrill examines the personal liberation of Christian slaves within the context of Romansocial history. Relocating the issue of slavery from apredominantly legal question to one of economicand familial considerations, Harrill concludes thatmanumission was of considerable importance incongregations and that early Christians did notoppose the liberation of baptized slaves.Eugene F. A. Klug, AM'41, Church and Ministry:The Role of Church, Pastor, and People from Luther toWalther (Concordia Publishing House). Church andministry continue to be timely and often controversial subjects in contemporary pan-Lutheran and ecumenical studies of their function and order relativeto the whole Christian community. Interviews withsome 40 European scholars of Luther are included.David Novak, AB'61, The Election of Israel: The Ideaof the Chosen People (Cambridge University Press).Novak analyzes the great change in modem Jewishthought brought about by Spinoza's inversion of thecentral Jewish doctrine: He argued that rather than God electing Israel, Israel had elected God. Theauthor defends the correlation of election and revelation and maintains that a theology of election isrequired to deal with two questions: Who are theJews? How are Jews to be related to the world?SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYRalph Kretz, SM'57, PhD'58, Metamorphic Crystallization (John Wiley & Sons). Kretz investigatesthe upper regions of the crystalline Earth, wherecoundess solid-state chemical changes have takenplace during the planet's long history. The contentsare grouped in five sections: geological background,mineral thermodynamics, phase equilibrium, chemical kinetics, and granular microstructures and crystallization mechanisms.SOCIAL SCIENCESGeorge W. Liebmann, JD'63, The Little Platoons:Sub-local Governments in Modern History (Greenwood Publishing Group). Sub-local government —small-scale structures of civil society that liebetween the individual and large governmentactors — include community councils, educationaldistricts, and neighborhood organizations. Thisbook examines and identifies common attributes insub-local government in England, France, Germany, the U.S., Russia, China, and Japan.J. Lorand Matory, AM'86, AM'91, PhD'91, Sex andthe Empire That Is No More: Gender and the Politics ofMetaphor in Oyo Yoruba Religion (University of Minnesota Press). This book traces the role of female andtiansvestite-male possession priests of a major WestAfrican people, from the Oyo Empire of the early19th century to the late 20th century. Challengingthe view that gender is the cultural interpretation of anatural dichotomy between males and females,Matory points out that certain socially and politicallycentral gender categories among the Yoruba andother peoples significantly crosscut the sexes.Franklin Ng, AM'75, PhD'75, editor, The Asian-American Encyclopedia (Marshall Cavendish). Thesesix volumes contain entries from more than 200 contributors about the fast-growing and diverse Asian-American population, including Chinese, Japanese,Korean, Filipino, South Asian, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Lao, Hmong, and the Iu-Mien peoples.TRAVEL AND LEISURERobert H. Dreisbach, MD'42, PhD'42, Guide toNortheast Oregon (Entropy Conservationists).Drawing on his hiking experiences in the region,Dreisbach describes locations where the originalOregon Trail can be viewed, including ghost towns,old mine sites, and geological and natural-historysites. The guidebook also includes suggestions forhikes, bicycle tours, and campgrounds; a summaryof area history; and weather data.Thomas Flannigan, AM'79, and Ellen Flannigan,Tokyo Museums: A Complete Guide (Charles E.Tuttle Publishing). Covering nearly 200 museums,the authors offer forthright opinions on facilitiesranging from the Tokyo Tower Wax Museum to theKanto Earthquake Memorial Museum.Richard D. Lemer, AB'80, Backpacking with YourDog (Menasha Ridge Press). Lerner's guide offersdog owners health, safety, and travel tips for sharing their love of nature with their pets.For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," pleasesend the name of the book, its author, its pub-Usher, its field, and a short synopsis to the BooksEditor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, or by of Chicago Magazine/August 1995 470 thr VoicesAt EaseBy Josette Dermody WingoIn the Fall of 1946 the walkways onthe quads were crowded with students, many wearing khaki field jackets and boots — veterans enrollingunder the GI Bill. Not all veterans dressedin khaki: I wore my converted-to-civilian-wear Mainbocher Wave navy blue, itsanchor-embossed buttons carefullyremoved and replaced, my non-regulationhair growing defiantly below my collar.The war was over and won, and wewanted to get on with our lives. We were afocused group, matured by battle or at leastby travel and time. The usual Chicago student was a teenager; we in our 20s weremore than conscious of the five-year hole inour life plan and eager to make up for losttime. The professors were said to love theGls because we added a dimension of discussion and focus to class work. Many of ushad whiled away boring downtime readingin base libraries or passed hurry-up-and-wait time with the government-issue paperbacks we carried everywhere.BiSci, SocSci, and Humanities were aboutwhat I expected, but on some mad impulseI signed up for German I, only to find theclass full of veterans from the Europeantheater who had already learned German,often with a blond dictionary. Theywhooshed by me, going from the sentimental, elementary Bubchen im Himmelstiir toexcerpts from Kant while I, with no gift forlanguages, struggled to construct a coherent sentence with the verb at the end. HerrProfessor pushed and pulled me through toa barely passing grade, correcting mepatiently in his fractured English.He wasn't the only one with a Germanaccent on campus. The University was ahaven for many distinguished emigre professors forced out of Europe. This necessitated an extra bit of concentration atlectures, especially in a large hall likeMandel, as I strained to absorb unfamiliarconcepts in SocSci through a thicket of gutturals and umlauts.The married Gls lived in the Married Students Barracks on the south side of the A GI Jill remembers theway the quads were.Midway. Thesequickly filled upwith babies, laundry, and tricyclesamid the topplingpiles of books.The toddlers, eachone more intelligent and promisingthan the next, wore identical unisex garments: corduroy overalls faded to anondescript umber. Thecrowded apartments withtheir paper-thin walls and thrift-shopfurniture overflowed with intensityand camaraderie. We had some goodparties there, while the babies slept.The married-students quarters werecrowded, but theywere filled withadults. The regular dorms werequite anotherstory for the women veterans. Imagine:Rules and Regs. In loco parentis. Since someof the students were as young as 15 it probably made sense to the University, but to usworldly-wise and sophisticated twen-tysomethings, having the doors locked inour faces at 10 p.m. was unconscionable.We who had fought the battle of MarketStreet, who had stayed up toasting departing warriors at the Top of the Mark tillmidnight, were outraged. A former Marinecolonel and I spoke out at house meetingsin Green Hall and got. ..nowhere. Resourcefully, we moved out and into funkyapartments in the neighborhood. There youwould usually find us by 10 p.m. — thelibraries were closed and we still had somuch studying to do.Eager as we were to get on with things,not all of the Gls were fancy-free. In thosedays we called Too Much War "SectionEight," and some of the guys were barelyholding themselves together, although noone but Student Health made much of it.Everybody had a story to tell, but mostdidn't. We just knew. In the veterans'dorms like Snell Hall, people learnedquickly who couldn't be woken up withoutrisking one's life, who freaked at loudnoises, who screamed in his sleep.Plato waited patiently in the library while psychoanalysts listened. Everybody deservedat least one episode of overload, a chance forangst and histrionics.The pain of growingup — maybe it was moreintense because we wereolder and knew it wasn'tall that easy.The University was ahealing place after thewar. It was healing toplunge into Thucydidesand Herodotus and thewonderful, meaningfulbut distant Pelopon-nesian War; healing tooccupy oneself with theMaroon; and energizingto get involved with theWorld Federalists orcontend with the Com-munists — politicalactivists who said theywere concerned withmaking it a better world. A safer world. Aworld without war. It seemed possiblethen. Hadn't we just fought the good fightfor that purpose?There was lots and lots of talk aboutIdeas. Discussion of Ideas wasn't limited toCobb Hall. There was always the UniversityTavern where the arguments got louderand more epistemological as the beerflowed, where the question of ontologyeventually turned to the question of whatshall we do with a drunken sailor. "I've gotsixpence — jolly, jolly sixpence." Starlitstreets rang with our songs on the wayhome.We sought answers in the Great Books andfound some. We sought answers in BugHouse Square; we looked for transcendenceat the Art Institute; we thrilled to the Rockefeller Chapel organ, and to jazz at the BlueNote. The world was a wonderful place.Some found the University so congenial theystayed for degree after degree and evenbecame professors. Others of us movedon, still savoring our GI Bill experience.Josette Dermody Wingo, PhB'48, lives inSanta Monica, California. Her book, MotherWas a Gunner's Mate: World War 11 in theWaves, has recently been published by theNaval Institute Press.48 University of Chicago Magazine/August 1995Towering Renewal: While theoutside of Mitchell Tower getsnew tuck-pointing, the ReynoldsClub interior is undergoing asummer's worth of major renovations — including the return ofits long-vanished pool tables.Photo by Matthew Gilson.7&J^W /Road Show: Cyclists gathered at the Midway for Chicago's 7th annual Boulevard Lakefront Tour. Photo by Matthew Gilson.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGJRobie House, 5757 WoodlawnChicago, IL 60637ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED 7JNE shhhhmh^ ****>t*st****j(tAi<- hi i>uRT**CGCt<+2318977The Uni\ . sity of Chicagotapr LibrarySerial Records DepartmentChicago, IL 60637-1513