THE UNIVERSITY OlMAGAZINE IFOCUSED^ENERIflrUsing collected sunlight, Paul Collard,MAT'75, makes solar power mvmlffV raV¦At ¦¦¦51 3 ¦ Ik* I KU a *&£% I ftflft i SSBChicago1 VOLUME 86, NUMBER 5 JUNE 1994 £ ^^DEPARTMENTS2 Editor's notes3 Letters7 EventsSummertime on the quads.8 Course workMilton regained: janelMueller teaches "some of thebest writing ever done inEnglish. "10 Chicago journalNew deans make the list;healing wounds from Bosnia'scivil war; scavengers amok.31 InvestigationsFermilab spots the missingquark; Steve Davis on thesmall-business myth; andMordecai Mac Low waits fora comet to crash.35 Alumni chronicleThe Alumni Board ofGovernors has new officers. '36 Class news43 Deaths45 Books by alumni48 Other voices¦¦ i« Joan Wehlen Morrison. ^^AB'44, on how World War 11changed life in the HutchCollege. 172426 FEATURESChicago's long-term fiscal forecastTaking a careful look at the inclement climate facinghigher education, the University community readiesitself for the latest budgetary challenge.MARY RUTH YOELight ideaWhen U of C researchers found a way to concentratesunlight, Paul Collard, MAT'70, took the idea to market.WILLIAM BURTONWhat's under the hood?From hood to tarn to robe, the Magazine investigates theseamy undersides of Chicago's ultimate three-piece suit.MARY RUTH YOEMaking wavesEasy listening? The 120 deejays at campus radio stationWHPK would rather be interesting.JULIE RIGBY 20ttem ArV*tfarf?«^ ^ SCover: Paul Collard, UAT'75 (right), and BobHoffmann concentrate on solar power (page20); photograph by Dan Dry. Opposite: Item#1 73 in ihe 1994 Scavenger Hunt: a person"wearing as much clothing as possible" (onepoint per item — pairs equal single items, 100points maximum); photograph by LloydDeGrane.Page 26EditorMary Ruth YoeManaging EditorTim Andrew ObermillerAssociate EditorAndrew CampbellArt DirectorAllen CarrollEditorial AssistantCatherine A. Mitchell, AB'93Student AssistantJeanette Harrison, '94Contributing EditorsJamie Kalven, Joe LevineEditorial office: The University of ChicagoMagazine, Robie House, 5757 S. WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312)702-2163. Fax (312) 702-2166. The Magazineis sent to all University of Chicago alumni. TheUniversity of Chicago Alumni Association hasits offices at Robie House, 5757 S. WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312)702-2150. Fax (312) 702-2166.The University of Chicago AlumniAssociation Board of Governors:Officers: William C. Naumann, MBA'75,president; Richard L. Bechtolt, PhB'46,AM'50, vice president; Jack J. Carlson,AB'40, treasurer; Linda Thoren Neal, AB'64,JD'67, secretary; and Jeanne Buiter,MBA'86, executive director.Clifford K. Chiu, MBA'82; N. Gwyn Cready,AB'83, MBA'86; Robert Feitler, X'46; TrinaN. Frankel, AB'64; Caroline Heck, AB'71;Randy Holgate, "Acting Vice President,Development and Alumni Relations; Le RoyJ. Hines, AM'78; Susan Carlson Hull, AB'82;Michael J. Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76;Patricia Klowden, AB'67; Michael C Krauss,AB'75, MBA'76; Joseph D. LaRue, AM'59;Robert F. Levey, AB'66; Katherine DusakMiller, AB'65, MBA'68, PhD'71; Theodore A.O'Neill, AM'70, "Dean of College Admissions; Susan W. Parker, AB'65; Harvey B.Plotnick, AB'63; Louise E. Rehling, AM'70,SM'74; Jean Maclean Snyder, AB'63,JD'79; David M. Terman, AB'55, SB'56,MD'59; Mary B. Van Meerendonk, AB'64;Peter O. Vandervoort, AB'54, SB'55, SM'56,PhD'60; Marshall I. Wais, Jr., AB'63; Gregory G. Wrobel, AB'75, JO'78, MBA'79;Mary Ruth Yoe, "Editor, UofC Magazine.' Ex OfficioMagazine Advisory Committee: MichaelJ. Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76, chair;Richard L Bechtolt, PhB'46, AM'50; RobertFeitler, X'46; Mary Lou Gorno, MBA'76; NeilHarris, the Preston and Sterling Morton Professor in History; Susan Carlson Hull,AB'82; Michael C Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76;Robert F. Levey, AB'66; Katherine DusakMiller, AB'65, MBA'68, PhD'71; Peter O.Vandervoort, AB'54, SB'55, SM'56, PhD'60;Marva Watkins, AB'63.The University of Chicago Magazine (ISSN-0041-9508) is published bimonthly (October, December, February, April, June, andAugust) by the University of Chicago incooperation with the Alumni Association,Robie House, 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue,Chicago IL 60637. Published continuouslysince 1907. Second-class postage paid atChicago and additional mailing offices.POSTMASTER: Send address changes tothe University of Chicago Magazine, AlumniRecords, Robie House, 5757 S. WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. © 1994 University of Chicago. Editors NotesThe show must GO on: The youngwoman standing stage right — andlooking, I might add, uncharacteristically shy and unassuming — is the Magazine's student assistant, Jeanette Harrison,AB'94. Back then, she was a second-year,with "the Daryl Hannah role" in a University Theater (UT) production of Steel Magnolias.It was her first big part and, feeling a bitlike proud and anxious parents at theirchild's school play, the rest of the staff wasin the front row — seats we occupied againwhen Jeanette had her last big role thisspring, playing Susan in a UT production ofWendy Wasserstein's The Heidi Chronicles.Jeanette, an English major from Pough-keepsie, New York, interviewed at the Magazine during O-Week, and she's been hereever since — checking names and dates for"Class News," writing the "Events" column,and, in the April issue, writing a feature ongenetics researcher Carole Ober.We've seen Jeanette change hairstyles andmajors. We've seen her bleary-eyed (duringexam week) and starry-eyed (when RobertRedford visited campus and she got tointroduce him to some of the childreninvolved in UT's outreach program to SouthSide schools).We've had postcards from a summer spent doing microbiology as a research intern atCornell — and postcards from a spring breakspent in Mexico. This summer, she'll belooking for permanent employment — andfrom now on, we'll be looking for her, withthe rest of the Class of '94, in the "ClassNews" pages.The Write StuffWe're very happy to announce that, for thethird year in a row, the Magazine's staff hasbeen honored with a Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE)award for excellence in periodical staff writing. The entry that won us a Silver Medalthis year included "Cosmic Frontier"(April/93), by Managing Editor Tim Obermiller; "Attention Must Be Paid" (April/93), by Contributing Editor Jamie Kalven;and "A World in Black and White" (February/94), by Contributing Editor Joe Levine.A Bronze Award in the "Best Articles ofthe Year" category went to "Hard Copy"(February/94), an analysis of how rhetoricand meaning combine in Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. The article, written by LarryMcEnerney, AM'80, director of UniversityWriting Programs, has been popular withour readers as well: We've already hadmany requests for reprint rights. — M.R.Y.2 Univlrsi i \ of Chicago Magazine/June 1994LettersA big pictuie by any other nameRichard Rorty, AB'49, AM'52 ("There'sNo Big Picture," April/94), made mewonder if we were in the sameCharles Morris 1940s course on Dewey,James, Peirce, and Mead. In spite of his laterperegrinations, it seems that Rorty saw thelight in Swift 208. I remained unconverted,and continue with these questions:How is the neopragmatic claim that"there's no big picture" not a big picture?Especially so when big books are written tomake the case to others? How is the "no bigpicture" big picture not the ideology of acomfortable, you-do-your-thing-and-I'll-do-mine culture? And what happens when thissocial orthodoxy (which can be heard anyday from guests on The Oprah WinfreyShow and Donahue) achieves political hegemony? Cornel West's worries about Rortyare very much to the point, for a socialpragmatism provides no norms to judge thecruel and unjust, and invites either moralparalysis or the raw play of power.Gabriel Fackre, DB'48, PhD'62West Hyannisport, MassachusettsWaiting for the big oneThere's no big picture? Maybe not —just scores of medium-sized picturesthat are somehow intertwined. Weselect the view or views that please us most.Vicktor E. Frankel, in Man's Search forMeaning: An Introduction to Logo Therapy,points out that meaning is a very specialthing to each person. We each have to workit out for ourselves. Certainly we do thatwith the aid of others, but that "last step" isuniquely our own. Eventually, I believe, abig picture will emerge that will encompassthe biological, socioeconomic, and spiritualrealms. It will recognize that natural lawgoverns everything, including the limited,chaotic behavior of man-made laws.Frank Holloway, SM'49, PhD'50Tega Cay, South CarolinaRorty's fine worldviewichard Rorty says there is no "bigpicture" or meaning of life that canbe derived from philosophy. Hisreading of Plato once suggested that knowl edge is virtue. But later it seemed impossible to find "rational certainty" about reality.He envied those "lucky Christians forwhom the love of God and of other humanbeings are inseparable." But he could notdevelop "the humility which Christianitydemanded." He concludes by saying that hehas learned to "distrust the intellectualsnobbery" that led him to read philosophybooks in the first place.This is an important article. His perception about Christianity is correct. Theimportant thing is to live an honest andgenerous life. To love and forgive. Intellectand morality are not the same thing. Theperson with the advanced degrees may bequite selfish and unhappy, whereas the sincere person without much money or academic prestige may have internal peace.Transcendental perceptions (of being,unity, truth, and goodness) are available toall. Professor Rorty may be leading us intothe kingdom of God.Bernard Lammers, JD'87Canton, New YorkA flood of confusionThere's a problem with AndrewCampbell's otherwise excellent leadfor the story "Survival of the Richest" ("Investigations," April/94). The periodat the end of the instruction to Noah inGenesis 6:19 (to take one male and onefemale of each species) does not mark theend of God's directions. In Genesis 7:2-3God expands the instruction and makes itanything but easy. God says: "Of everyclean beast thou shalt take to thee sevenand seven, each with his mate; and of thebeasts that are not clean two, each with hismate; of the fowl also of the air, seven andseven, male and female. . ."God does not specify what beasts are"clean" and "unclean." But Campbell is correct: Noah did have it easy. He didn't haveto write an environmental impact statement!Benjamin H. Cohen, AB'60Niles, IllinoisSydney Kasper, PhB'33, of Silver Spring,Maryland, also wrote, adding that later inGenesis, the ark is described as containing A MusicalOfferingChoir f Organ f Carillonon compact discfromRockefeller Memorial Chapelin celebration ofthe University of Chicago'sCentennialG. F, Handel - Messiah ChorusesJ. S. Bach - Toccata and Fuguein D Minorand selections by Bach, Cimarosa,Chesnokov, Handel, Lefevere,Palestrina, and VierneWolfgang Riibsam, OrganistWylie Crawford, CarillonneurRockefeller Memorial Chapel Choirwith Bruce Tammen, ConductorThe CD is available at the Chapel /or adonation of $15 to support our music program ($17 to ship in the U.S.). To ordersend check payable to RockefellerMemorial Chapel to: RUC CD «Rockefeller Memorial Chapel *' 5850 S.Woodlawn Ave. <? Chicago, 11 60637.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 3IIIf you haven't participated inyour alumni club recently,you've missed a lot.Hugo SonnenscheinDead SeaScrollsbeachblanketbingo S# XII ill1 m ;SIT t! I mm IW%~S\HillCall the Alumni Association at 312/702-2157for the name of your local contact person.Or write: 5757 South Woodlawn Avenue,Chicago, Illinois 60637.E-mail to DISGUSSIQHSNUBIAN JEWELS"clean beasts, and of beasts that are not cleanand of fowls and of everything that creepethupon the ground... two and two... male andfemale" and still later as carrying simply "twoand two of all flesh. " John Collins, professorin the Divinity School, explains the discrepancy: "The story of the Flood," he says, "is notthe work of one author but at least fourauthors. " In the verses in question, he notes,"two different accounts have been combined." — Ed.Full, fair disclosureJn her eagerness to brand the U of C as aracist institution, Jessica Fleischmann,AM'92, objects to warning incomingstudents of the "perils of the neighborhood"("Letters," April/94). Not only shouldprospective students and/or their parents beso advised, but, at their request, students orparents should be provided with a list ofcrimes committed on the campus and itsimmediate vicinity for the most recent twoor three years. This information is essentialif the prospective student is to make aninformed choice of college.It's called consumer protection, something Iam certain Ms. Fleischmann endorses. Afterall, a physician must warn us of the perils ofsurgery or the possible effects of taking a particular drug. I believe it's called the right toknow, or simply telling it like it is.Arthur C. Gentile, PhD'53Bloomington, IndianaThe outdated language of raceThe recent piece by Joe Levine regarding Brent Staples, AM'76, PhD'82("A World in Black and White,"February/94), was excellent. References toracial attitudes that Mr. Staples experiencedduring the '73-82 period when he frequented the University neighborhood werewell put by Mr. Levine.Perhaps Mr. Levine should consider as awriter that the word race may no longer beappropriate. Race really makes no sense, asit suggests different races of human beings.From my study of pure and applied science,art, and experience, there is but one racemade up of human animals. The word raceseems to be used to depreciate, stereotype,and express anger toward a person or groupwho is different and perhaps feared andmaybe violent.Perhaps Mr. Levine could begin educatingus, his public, by throwing out two additional outmoded and incorrect words: blacliand white when referring to individuals andgroups. These are words to describe certainblendings of colors in the spectrum. Couldit be there is no black or white in the rp \s /\ OilTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATIONInvites you to join distinguished faculty and alumni friends participatingin alumni travel /study programs during the coming monthsSummer/Fall 1994 Study TripsEngland's Cotswold VillagesA Leisurely Walking TourAugust 6-13 August 13-20Noted Shakespearean scholar Professor David Bevington will lead a week of walkingin one of the loveliest parts of England. The trip will include a performanceat Stratford-on-Avon and discussions of English literature and historyassociated with the region. In answer to the overwhelming demand,Professor Bevington has agreed to lead two walking trips.Alaska WildernessAugust 7-20We will see Alaska by land, sea, and air on a study trip that combines natural and culturalhistory. Anthropologist Professor Ralph Nicholas will discuss the rich traditions of thenative Americans and their interaction with Russian and Euro-American cultures.Cruising the DanubeSeptember 14-27Beginning in Budapest, we will cruise through Slovakia, Austria, andGermany and along the Main-Danube Canal to Nuremberg, then finish withthree nights in Prague. Professor Katie Trumpener will discuss the rise ofnationalism among the countries of the former Hapsburg empire.The Mediterranean through the AgesOctober 14-28Our autumn cruise in the Adriatic and Aegean Seas will visit sites in Italy, the GreekIslands, and Turkey. Professor Michael Murrin will focus on the Venetian and Crusadercolonizations of the Aegean and the coming of the Ottomans.And coming in 1995Alumni Campus Abroad in SwitzerlandSeptember 11-19This study program in the Bernese Oberland offers a week ofstimulating lectures and discussions, wonderful scenery, and fineaccommodations, all for approximately $2,000, including air fare.Best-selling author and Alpinist Professor Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi,whose innovative studies of states of satisfaction engage both the scientificworld and the general public, will be joined by local experts on geology,architecture, and other topics of regional interest. Space is limited.1995 Travel CalendarA listing of study trips and other faculty-led programs for alumni and friends will bepublished in September. For further information and brochures on any of the listed studytrips or to be added to our travel/study mailing list, call or write to Alumni Travel,University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5757 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 5When you visitChicago fora weekend,a week,or a month,stay atWOODED ISLE SUITES— studio andone-bedroomapartmentsfurnished toprovide you ahome away fromhome.Walk to the Universityof Chicago or theMuseum of Scienceand Industry, strollalong the lakefront,catch the bus or trainto the Loop, dine at anearby restaurant, ormake your own dinnerin your Suite.Come "home" toWooded Isle Suitesand relax after a dayof research,studying, meetings,or sightseeing.WOODED ISLE SUITES5750 South Stony Island AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637312-288-55781-800-290-6844 human race, but we come in many blends?Robert A. Stump, AM'58St. Charles, IllinoisA Supei-cilious argument?The letter in the April issue by GeraldFong, SM'61, who bestows his personal blessing on the demise of theSuperconducting Super Collider, demonstrates how a simplistic analysis can passover into outright distortion or falsification(e.g., the purpose of the SSC is to enablephysicists to write more papers).How are the Texas SSC and the Cos Angeles earthquake related? Both involve movement of considerable amounts of earth.And, as we all know, money from the SSCgoes directly to insure earthquake relief inCalifornia. Like the physicists, Galileo wasengaged in comparable tomfoolery with histelescope, but fortunately it did not reducejobs and livelihoods in California.Ralph K. Meister, SB'38, PhD'51Aurora, IllinoisHonoring traditionFor many years, honorary degrees havebeen awarded by the University ofChicago only for intellectual accomplishments of lasting value. Such a traditionshould not lightly be set aside. I note that anhonorary degree was awarded at WinterConvocation to Barry Sullivan, MBA'57,former chair of Chicago's board of trustees("For the Record," April/94). While Mr. Sullivan may have rendered useful service to theUniversity, such an award can only debasethe currency of the University's honorarydegrees. It could lead to honorary degrees forpoliticians or the sale of degrees to donors,both of which are practiced elsewhere butwould be inappropriate to a university thattakes pride in the life of the mind.Robert Michaelson, SB'66, AM'73Evanston, IllinoisAccording to the secretary of the board oftrustees, the University traditionally awardshonorary degrees to ex-chairs of the boardand ex-presidents of the University. Otherhonorary degrees are awarded solely on thebasis of academic merit. — Ed.Court's commencementJ noticed the piece about NicholasRudall ("Chicago Journal," April/94)and was surprised to see that he wascredited with founding Court Theatre 23years ago. He may have started the year-round Court Theatre then, but there was asummer Court Theatre before that. I met Steve, my husband of almost 24 years, at aCourt dress rehearsal for Androcles and theLion in July 1969, 25 years ago.Barbara Bernstein Low, AB'70Lincoln, Massachusettsfodi Royce, the theater's marketing director,says that Court was established as an outdoorcommunity theater in 1955. In 1971, whenCourt moved toward a year-round, professional program, Rudall was named artisticdirector. — Ed.Another jazz ageJn April, you published the obituary ofHarold E. Haydon, PhB'30, AM'31, andcoincidentally also had a story on jazzin Hyde Park ("Free Association").In 1945, I was taking Humanities I withHarold Haydon as my professor. A numberof us working in student jazz bands aroundcampus wanted to organize a U of C jazzclub and give concerts in Mandell Hall. Weneeded a faculty sponsor, so I approachedDr. Haydon. He immediately agreed, andfurthermore invited me to give a lecture onjazz in his Hum-I course. He was so warm,real, and human in dealing with studentsthat I remember our time together withclarity and love.Chicago was a great city for jazz in theyears following WWII. There were fabulousmusicians all over town. I remember ayoung alto player who was working as abusboy in the C-Club; Dizzy Gillespie playing in the Loop; the Woody Herman Herdwith Stan Getz, Zoot Sims, Al Cohen, et al;Stan Kenton at the Pershing Hotel; andCharlie Parker himself playing at the BeeHive on 55th Street. And, of course, everystudent jazz band that could organize itselfand sound halfway decent was working fraternity and sorority jobs, and piano playersand drummers were picking up cash playing in bars along 55th and 63rd streets.When I went to Berkeley as a graduatestudent, I had a radio show on the publicradio station KPFA. And just last year, 1again started my show, Classic Jazz, on thepublic radio station here in Baton Rouge.William A. Pryor, PhB'48, SB'51Baton Rouge, LouisianaThe University of Chicago Magazine invitesletters from readers on the contents of theMagazine or on topics related to the University. Letters for publication, which must besigned, may be edited for length and/or clarity. To ensure the widest range of voices, preference will be given to letters of no more than500 words. Letters should be addressed to:Editor, University of Chicago Magazine,5757 S. Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994EventsExhibitionsSpeaking of Butterflies, through September.Organized by Paul Moore, SM'63, PhD'65, professorof geophysical sciences, this exhibit of butterflieshas been assembled from his personal collection ofmore than 10,000 specimens. John Crerar Library;call 702-7720.Sports and Games in the Ancient Near East,through September 18. In honor of the World Cupsoccer competition held in Chicago this summer, theexhibition examines the recreation and competitionthat existed 1,000 years before Greece's first Olympicgames. Ancient artifacts, photographs, and reprintedtexts and drawings document the Near East's participation in archery, wresding, hunting, foot races, andboard games. Oriental Institute; call 702-9520.Germany on the Eve of the 1848 Revolution:Selections from the Ludwig Rosenberger Libraryof Judaica, through October 31. This exhibitionexamines the political, social, and cultural trends inGermany during the Vormarz period — the twodecades preceding the March Revolution — throughthe works of such prominent poets, journalists, andrevolutionary theorists as Heine, Bome, and Marx.Department of Special Collections; call 702-8705.John Phillips: Selections from the Series A Contemporary Odyssey, July 5-August 21. This exhibition features selections from Phillips' (AB'60,PhD'66) 1992 series of 78 paintings on the Homericsaga of Odysseus. Smart Museum of Art; call 702-0200. (See "Center Stage.")MFA 1994, July 14-August 28. The annual exhibition presents the paintings, drawings, and sculptures of 12 recent Midway Studios graduates. SmartMuseum of Art; call 702-0200.Carl Van Vechten's Photographs, July 18-Octo-ber 31. An influential figure in the American literaryand arts scene of the 1920s through the 1940s, VanVechten, PhB'03, was an arts critic, novelist, andphotographer who helped promote the careers of,among others, Gertrude Stein and LangstonHughes. This exhibition features a selection of VanVechten's photographs — including his portraits, forwhich he is best remembered — and publications.Department of Special Collections; call 702-8705.TheaterOff-Off-Campus Summer Improv Workshops,Fridays at 8 p.m. University Theater's comedytroupe presents evenings of pure improvisation.Reynolds Club theaters; call 702-3414.Radio Theater, Sundays at midnight, June 26-July24. This summer, WHPK-FM and University Theater collaborate to broadcast Shakespeare's Hamlet;call 702-3414.Windshook, July 21-23 at 8 p.m. University Theaterand the Lansing-Lynwood community theater stagethis Mary Gallagher play about a drifter's effect on asmall-town family. Kinahan Theater; call 702-3414.Two Gentlemen of Verona, August 12-13 at 8p.m. Student theater returns to "the Court" as University Theater recreates the pageantry of the GlobeTheatre with Shakespeare's comedy. HutchinsonCourtyard; call 702-3414. MusicPuccini's Tosca, July 15-16 at 8 p.m. BarbaraSchubert conducts this U of C Summer Opera Festival production, featuring professional Chicago-areasingers with the University Symphony Orchestraand Summer Opera Chorus. Hutchinson Courtyard;call 702-8484.The Mikado, July 22-23 at 8 p.m. Guy VictorBordo conducts this Gilbert & Sullivan Opera Co.production. Hutchinson Courtyard; call 702-8484.Bruce Saylor's Orpheus Descending, August 5-6at 8 p.m. Conducted by Barbara Schubert, the LyricOpera Center for American Artists with the U of CSymphony Orchestra present this brand-new opera,based on the Tennessee Williams play. HutchinsonCourtyard; call 702-8484.On the QuadsSummer Carillon Festival, Sundays throughAugust 21 at 6 p.m. For this summer concert series,Center Stage U.S. and European carillonneurs play the 72 bells ofthe Spelman Rockefeller Carillon, the second largestin the world. Rockefeller Chapel; call 702-2100.Ancient Sports and Games Treasure Hunt,through September 18. To celebrate the OrientalInstitute's 75th anniversary, participants "hunt" for75 of the museum's treasures. Oriental Institute;call 702-9507.Summer Adventures for Children, Thursdaysthrough August 25 at 10:30 a.m. This hour-long tourof the Oriental Institute galleries features programssuch as "B.C. (Before Computers)"; call 702-9507.Special Interest Gallery Tours, Fridays throughAugust 12 at 11:30 a.m. These 45-minutelunchtime tours of the gallery focus on topics suchas "Ancient Sports and Games" and "They Wroteon Clay." Oriental Institute; call 702-9507.In the CityArt on the Map, through July 10. This exhibitionof contemporary works involving maps or mapimagery explores how the world is represented geographically, politically, and aesthetically. Datingfrom 1972 to 1994, the 46 works by 24 artistsinclude paintings, drawings, prints, and sculptures.Chicago Cultural Center; call 744-6630.Sixth Annual Boulevard Lakefront Tour, July 24at 7:30 a.m. This 35-mile recreational bicycle ridewill begin at Ida Noyes Hall; call 702-8803.Illinois Criterium Championship, July 31 at 8a.m. This day-long event features short-course bicycle races along the Midway Plaisance; call 702-8803.Myth and Meaning: John Phillips, AB'60, PhD'66, and former assistant professor,returns to the U of C via a new series by the Smart Museum of Art, featuring the workof distinguished alumni artists. The paintings in the exhibit (including Shipwrecked,above), come from Phillips' 1992 series, A Modem Odyssey, Along the Way We Meet. . .,based on Homer's epic poem. "I've been interested in the myth for some time now,"Phillips says. "For the past two years, I've been exploring the story as the story of allmen searching for self-discovery." A native of San Francisco, the artist uses the BayCity's tradition of figurative abstraction, exploring such figures as Cyclops, Circe, theSirens, and Penelope through the themes of sexuality, compromise, family, and loyalty. "The myth has meaning for me," he says, "in terms of my own identity."University of Chicago Magazine/]une 1994 7G ourse WorkMiltonRegainedJanel Mueller and her studentsgive the author of "some ofthe best writing ever done inEnglish" the close consideration his work deserves. Above the hum of the classroom'sfluorescent lights, and the louderhum of construction work outsideon the quads, Janel Mueller, aheavy text balanced in one hand, readsaloud from Milton's "Lycidas":Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies,The tufted crowtoe, and pale jessamine,The white pink, and the pansy freaked with jet,The glowing violet...Known to scholars as "the flower catalog,"the English-garden litany within the funeralelegy ends at "the laureate hearse whereLycid lies." Mueller stops. There's silence asshe turns the pages of her dogeared copy ofJohn Milton: Complete Poems and MajorProse to another red-marked poem. After providing book (IV) and line (73)references for those who wish to followalong, she begins to read again. This time,the poem is Paradise Lost and the speaker isGod's great enemy, Satan:Me miserable! which way shall I flyInfinite wrath, and infinite despair?Which way I fly is hell: myself am hell...As Satan's impassioned soliloquy rolls on,a student's tape recorder, carefully positioned to pick up Mueller's voice, whirs asoft accompaniment.It's the first day of English 165/365, acourse with a one-word title: "Milton." Outlining the course requirements, Mueller isas straightforward as her black suit andoversized black wristwatch: "You're to behere, you're to have done the reading,you're to be able to discuss it in a thoughtful way."But any hint of brusqueness disappears asthe professor describes her method forencouraging class discussion: each studentis asked to "put yourself forward as one ofthe triggers for class discussion," by developing two "response statements." Thesebrief critical reactions to the day's assignments will be presented orally — one beforeParadise Lost, one on Paradise Lost or thelater poetry. They can also be expandedinto topics for the two papers that, alongwith a two-hour final exam, round out thecourse requirements.Mueller — the William Rainey Harper pro-fessor in the College, professor of English,editor of Modern Philology, an expert onMilton and Donne, and a 1982 winner ofthe University's Quantrell award for excellence in undergraduate teaching — then asksa question that her wide-eyed, earnestdemeanor suggests is not meant to berhetorical: "Why study Milton?"Never mind that when she went to college(Augustana, 1959) and graduate school(Harvard, 1965) there had been, in herwords, "a kind of consensus that ParadiseLost was the greatest poem in the Englishlanguage." Fashions can change in literature. She wants the 20-some undergraduateand graduate students gathered in Cobb112 to value the 17th-century English poetnot merely because he's spent centuries as amember of what some critics now deem acanonical old boys' club of Western literature, but rather because he is "quite simply,the author of some of the best — I'm going touse that evaluative word — writing everdone in English."As a small proof of her claim, she offers thepassages from "Lycidas and Paradise Lost.""So there's great stuff to be read here," shesays as she closes the book. She sits down,8 Universi rv of Chicago Magazine/June 1994consults her sheaf of handwritten notes,and moves on to her next argument."A second reason to read Milton," shesays, "is to be acquainted with an authorwho had so much influence on the ongoingplay and practice of language."Unlike Shakespeare, Milton was a "tutelary poet to many other English poets.Blake, Wordsworth, Keats, and MatthewArnold are poets whose careers don't evenmake sense without Milton."And unlike Shakespeare, "who was anelusive, hard-to-track persona," Milton isoften at the forefront of his writings. Thatfact, she admits, can be a problem — but notan insurmountable one. "What has seemedto many readers just a massive ego" hasanother side: "Notice that he puts his readers on the same exalted plane as himself."Mueller leans forward to describe the poetas a profile in courage, reminding the classthat he produced Paradise Lost when totallyblind. The same dogged spirit could beseen, she says, in Milton's remaining true tohis political conviction that England shouldbe a republic and not a monarchy."Why am I emphasizing this stuff?"Mueller looks around the cramped room —at the young women in black, at the guys inshorts and baseball caps, at the curly-hairedyoung man who, in his Oxford shirt, V-neck sweater, and rolled cuffs, seemsstraight out of "The Love Song of J. AlfredPrufrock. " Why should they care about this17th-century icon? How will they — so farfrom his time and, on the surface, so farfrom his concerns — perceive the poet?The problem for those seeking to understand Milton, she confides to her students,is to understand how a man who inheritedhis father's fortune became "a radical and arevolutionary."Thursday morning. Same hum of overheadlights, same set of students taking seatsaround the long, wooden tables. Muellertakes roll while latecomers enter and findplaces. The tape recorder gets discreetlypointed in her direction.The first assignment includes one ofMilton's early poems: the Nativity Ode("Ode on the Morning of Christ's Nativity"), written shortly after his 21st birthday.Before tackling the poem, however,Mueller wants to tell the students a bitmore about Milton and his times. Pickingup a small, gold-framed print, she hands itto the student on her left. The copy of a1 7th-century oil painting — a portrait of asolemn young boy dressed in stiff, lace-trimmed collar and a gold-embroideredsuit — begins to circle the room.When he sat for the portrait in 1618,Milton was ten years old and living "in the very heart of London," a stone's throw fromthe city's commercial, publishing, and religious centers. His father was a successfulscrivener, or notary, and real-estateinvestor, as well as an accomplished composer, and the family home resembled,Mueller says, "a comfortable townhouse onProfessors' Row in Hyde Park." A star pupilat the nearby St. Paul's School, he wentreluctantly to Christ College, Cambridge,where he experienced "what a lot of freshmen experience at the University ofChicago — you're surrounded by a lot ofother class valedictorians."Turning to the board, Mueller moves frombiography to a short course in Greek andLatin poetics, briefing her students on thetraditions in which the young poet wassteeped: "If you were aiming to be a poet,you were taught that you should aim toMilton, says JanelMueller, is often at theforefront of his writings.What has seemed tomany readers "just amassive ego" hasanother side: "He putshis readers on the sameexalted plane ashimself."replicate the career of Virgil," starting withpastoral verse, proceeding to the middlestyle of the odes, and ending with the epicAeneid.But this young poet didn't go by the book."Milton doesn't start out writing the lowstyle," Mueller says with a laugh. "It can beinferred that perhaps he thought he couldjump the preliminary stage."Background lecture completed, Muellersits down, elbows on table, text open to thefour stanzas that form the prelude to "Odeon the Morning of Christ's Nativity":This is the month, and this the happy mom,Wherein the Son of heav'n's eternal King,Of Wedded Maid and Virgin Mother bora,Our great redemption from above did bring;In the lines that follow, the poet in predawn London is linked with the star-ledMagi on their way to Bethlehem. Reachingthe end of the prelude, Mueller asks, "Doesanyone have a response statement?"This early in the class, there are no takers."We might want to start by talking aboutthe verse form," Mueller suggests, in a voicethat manages to be at once authoritativeand conversational. She gets up to note the rhyme scheme on the chalkboard: ababbcC.The "rhyme royal" pattern that Milton haschosen is, she explains, traditionally associated with a narrative stanza.But, Mueller asks, "How much of a narrative do we get?""Take a look at the first four lines,"Mueller urges, her voice suggesting that theclass is making Milton harder than he needsto be. "It's Christmas, folks — but do we geta narrative of the journey? What do we getinstead?""An invocation," the fellow with the taperecorder speaks up.Mueller nods. "Certainly we get an invocation in the third stanza," she presses, "butwhat about the intervening stanza?" Shewaits a second. "It announces the birth ofChrist.... the intervention of the divine inmortal affairs." The opening's anticipationand expectation is reinforced by the invocatory plea that begins the third stanza:Say, Heav'nly Muse, shall not thy sacred veinAfford a present to the infant God?"Invocation of a muse," Mueller pointsout, "is more closely associated with theepic," than the middle style of the ode orhymn. "Why would Milton move to a high-style device here?"The professor's arms are outspread as if topull the answer from the still-reluctant students. "Well, conceivably, because it'sGod" — by most definitions, and certainlyMilton's, a high-style subject.Over the next half hour, the class consid-ers the three sections into which the odeproper falls. In the first section, imperfectnature awaits the coming of her Creator.Only as that section ends does Milton introduce any human figures: shepherds keepingwatch over their flocks, unaware of themomentous event of Christ's birth.In the musical middle movement, the outcome of that birth — a new harmony betweenheaven and earth — stills the harsh sounds ofhuman discord. The third section describesthe first step in fallen man's rediscovery oftruth: the overthrow of pagan gods.Slowly, the discussion gains steam. Thelanguage is demanding, the poem is dense,but comments and observations come morequickly and surely as the class makes itsway toward the ode's final two stanzas.There — in Milton's circular return to thesun imagery that opened the ode — morninghas turned to evening."What's been added to the anticipation, tothe expectation of the opening," JanelMueller says, in a statement that seems tosum up the activity in the room as well asin the poem, "is that there is readinessnow." — M.R.Y.University of Chicago Magazine/June 199+ 9hkagojourndFOR THE RECORD Spring '94: A dean's listOne for the book: Associate political scienceprofessor GeraldRosenberg received the1993 Gordon J. LaingPrize, given annuallyby (lie Hoard of University Publications to afaculty member whoseU of C Press-publishedbook brings the greatest distinction to ihePress. Rosenberg'sbook, The HollowHope: Can CourtsBring About SocialChange?, was reportedon in the February/92Magazine.Seven up: Newlyelected fellows of theAmerican Academy ofArts and Sciences thisspring included sevenChicago professors:Norman Bradburn,AB'52, psychology andpublic policy; ElaineFuchs, moleculargenetics and cell biology: Langdon Gilhcy,Divinity School; JamesNoi'ris, Jr., chemistry;David Schramm,physics: Ralph Shapey,music and RobertTownsend, economics. Three key administrativepositions were filled thisspring with the appointments of deans for the Law Schooland social science and humanitiesdivisions. An acting dean was alsonamed to the Irving B. HarrisGraduate School of Public PolicyStudies. Below are career highlights of the scholars who madethe list.Name: Douglas Baird.New dean of: the Law School.Predecessor: Geoffrey Stone,JD'71, dean from 1987 to 1992and current University provost.(Distinguished service professorDavid Currie has served as actingdean since January.)Education: B.A. from Yale, 1975;J.D. from Stanford, 1979.Experience: Clerked for judgesShirley Hufstedler and DorothyNelson, both of the U.S. Court ofLegal eagle: Douglas Baird. Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.Joined U of C faculty in 1980 asan assistant professor; promotedto full professor in 1984, and wasnamed the Harry A. Bigelow professor in 1988. Served as associateLaw School dean from 1984 to1987, and has directed the Lawand Economics Program since1990.Career highlights: Baird is aleading expert on bankruptcy andcorporate reorganization, with aspecial interest in bankruptcy lawin the context of modern corporate finance theory. Books includeThe Elements of Bankruptcy (1988)and two case books, coauthoredwith Thomas Jackson.Sonnenschein on Baird: "Hisintelligence, good judgment, colle-giality, and commitment to excellence superbly equip him to guidethe Law School. He is an outstanding scholar, a wonderfulteacher, and one of our mostdevoted University citizens."Name: Philip Gossett.Dean of: the humanities division. (Gossett was reappointed fora second five-year term.)Education: B.A. from AmherstCollege, 1963; M.F.A., 1965, andPh.D., 1970, from Princeton.Experience: First appointedhumanities dean in 1987, Gossettis the Robert W. Reneker distinguished service professor inmusic, the College, and the Committee on General Studies in theHumanities. Joined Chicago's faculty in 1968 as an assistant professor; made full professor in 1977. Encore: Philip Gossett returns.Chaired the music departmentfrom 1978 to 1984.Career highlights: Current general editor of The Works of Giuseppe Verdi, a $3-million, 30-yearproject that aims to publish a newcritical edition of Verdi's work.Worked with opera companiesaround the world commemoratingthe 1992 bicentennial of Rossini'sbirth with presentations of hisoperas. Given Italy's highest formof cultural recognition, the FirstClass Gold Medal for Educationand Art, in 1985. In 1992, wasnamed an honorary member ofItaly's Academia Filarmonica diBologna, one the world's oldestmusical organizations.Sonnenschein on Gossett: "[He]is a prolific and influential scholarwho has provided distinguishedleadership to the Division of theHumanities. In the best traditionof the University, he has also continued to make significant scholarly contributions while serving asdean."10 Univlrsiiyof Chicago Magazine/June 1994Name: Richard Sailer.New dean of: the social sciencesdivision.Predecessor: Colin Lucas, deansince 1993 and the recently appointed Master of Balliol Collegeat Oxford University.Education: B.A. degrees in history and Greek from the University of Illinois, 1974; Ph.D. fromCambridge, 1978.Experience: Assistant professor,Swarthmore; joined Chicago faculty in 1984; classical languagesand literature professor and current chair of the history department. Resident master, with wifeCarol, of Woodward Court.Career highlights: Sailer specializes in the domestic life, laws, andtraditions of ancient Rome. His1987 book, The Roman Empire:Economy, Society, and Culture —considered a key text in thefield — has been widely translated.From 1990 to 1993, he edited thejournal Classical Philology. Hewon the Quantrell award for excellence in undergraduate teaching in 1992.Sonnenschein on Sailer: "Weare fortunate that he has agreed tocommit his considerable insightand energy to guiding the socialsciences division over the nextfive years. The division is one ofthe University's academic jewels,and the provost and I are committed to working with Mr. Sailer tostrengthen it further."Also this spring, assistant professor Charles Glaser agreed to servea one-year term as acting dean ofthe Irving B. Harris Graduate Quick response: On the helipad atop ihe Bernard Mitchell Hospital, pilot Fred Ligman adjusts the blade tie-downs on the University of Chicago Aeromedical Network helicopter. UCAN wasthe first of its kind in Chicago and remains one of only 200 hospital-based helicopter programs in the U.S. In its ten-year history, the network has responded to more than 7,000 calls,transporting critically ill and injured patients anywhere withina 250-mile radius of Chicago. Today, a significant percentage ofthose patients are neonatal or pediatric, in part because of theopening of the larger Frankel Pediatric Intensive Care Unit inWyler Children's Hospital.Inheriting a jewel: Richard Sailer. School of Public Policy Studies,beginning autumn quarter, whilea search for the next dean continues. Glaser succeeds Robert T.Michael, the Eliakim HastingsMoore distinguished service professor, whose term as dean endsthis summer.An expert on international relations, Glaser received his B.S.from MIT, and holds an MA. inphysics and Ph.D. in publicpolicy, both from Harvard. Hejoined the University of Chicagofaculty in 1991.Faculty councilswisdom soughtFacing a historic financialchallenge (see special reporton page 17), the Sonnenschein administration has statedits intention to seek recommenda tions from the Council of the University Senate in planning for theUniversity's future."The University of Chicago has along tradition of faculty governance," Provost Geoffrey Stonetold the University newspaper, theChronicle."In this time of limited financialresources, it is more importantthan ever that faculty undertakethis responsibility."Richard Epstein — the JamesParker Hall distinguished serviceprofessor in the Law School and amember of the council — concurred: "With the advent of a newpresident, the council has takenon a stronger advisory role thisyear."The council's 51 members areelected to three-year terms by thefull University Senate, which consists of all professors, associateprofessors, and assistant professors who have completed a year of Downtown donation:The Robert R.McCormick TribuneFoundation gave $1million for the University's new DowntownCenter. The gift willfund a theater-stylelecture hall for continuing education programs. Located east ofMichigan Avenue onthe Chicago River'snorth bank, the Downtown Center will beofficially dedicated inSeptember, althoughclasses for ContinuingStudies and the GSB'sweekend and executiveprograms were heldthere this spring .Crime decline: Crimein the Hyde Park-SouthKenwood communitydeclined by more than15 percent for ihe firstfour months of 1994,compared with thesame period in 1993.That's according to statistics compiled by BobRichards, law enforcement coordinator forthe South East ChicagoCommission.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 1Taking aim. On awarm April evening,Rocfee/ellei Chapel(hundered wilhapplause as a capacityaudience greetedCornel West — Prince-Ion scholar and authorof the acclaimed RaceMatters — who gave thefirst annual Aims ofReligion Address.Divinity School DeanClark Gilpin, AM'72,PhD'74, said the lectures would explore"contributions thatreligious communitieshave made, can make,and ought to make forthe common good of ademocratic society. "West agreed, arguingthat the reconciliationof religion and democracy held at stake "thefuture of this ultimateexperiment we callAmerica."Midway royalty:Graham Fleming andPeter McCuilagh wereelected fellows of theRoyal Society ofLondon, the nationalacademy of sciences forthe United Kingdom.Fleming, the ArthurHolly Compton distinguished service professor in chemistry, andMcCuilagh, chair of thestatistics department,are both U.K. citizens.Calendar critique: ACollege faculty committee has begun examining possible changes inthe academic calendar.Proposals on the tableinclude starting theschool year earlier,adding a week towinter break, andextending autumnquarter. The earliestany changes could gointo effect is 1996. full-time academic service. As representatives of the senate, thecouncil is the University's supreme academic body.The council usually meets oncea month during autumn, winter,and spring quarters. Proposals andreports are first considered by theCommittee of the Council, aseven-member group that reviewsall matters of educational policywithin the council's jurisdictionduring its twice-monthly meetings. (The president and provostact as chair and vice chair, respectively, of this committee.)"A huge part" of what the council does, says Epstein, "is informthe University community aboutspecial issues and events. We getand give advice, pass informationon, and give approval to certaindecisions — including honorarydegrees and the creation of newprograms."This requires discussion anddebate and, sometimes, there arethings we stop. We are not,"Epstein emphasizes, "a rubberstamp."An unusual aspect of the councilis the method by which its members are elected each April, Ballotsare tallied using the Hare systemof proportional representation: anelaborate mechanism in whichfaculty members rank their orderof preference for each candidatenominated.The voter's first choice iscounted if the vote can help electthat choice. But if that candidatehas enough votes to secure election — or has too few votes to beelected — then the voter's secondchoice will receive that vote. Thiselimination process continuesuntil each vote is given to theperson it will help most. Thestructure may mean a facultymember's forth or fifth preferencewill be instrumental in placingsomeone on the council.In addition to the UniversitySenate, ruling bodies of the University of Chicago include the faculties of the College, the graduatedivisions and the professionalschools as well as boards overseeing the Library, Continuing Studies, the University of ChicagoPress, computing activities andservices, and athletics and recreational sports. Portrait of an artist: Court Theatre at the University ofChicago mounted several events in May commemorating the lifeof Mexican artist Frida Kahlo, on the 40th anniversary of herdeath. Highlights included an acclaimed performance, writtenand performed by Donna Blue Lachman (above), 0/ Frida: TheLast Portrait; an academic symposium of the art and life ofKahlo; and an exhibit that transformed Court's lobby into agallery of Kahlo-inspired art.Social sciences divisiontoasts free-thinkinq trioT HEIR RESEARCH INTERESTS MAYwidely diverge, but thecareers of three prominentChicago social scientists havenonetheless shared a tendency torub against the grain of conventional scholarship — a kinship evident as all three celebrated careermilestones in separate events thisspring.Sociologist James Colemanreceived the social sciences division's first Phoenix Prize duringan April 15 conference on hiswork attended by former studentsand colleagues — including Nobellaureate Gary Becker, AM'53,PhD'55. The author of nearly 30books and monographs, Colemanheaded the largest American survey ever conducted on theeffects of schooling. Dean of socialsciences Colin Lucas noted thatthe Phoenix award will be givenonly rarely, and only to those"who, over the course of manyyears, have brought fundamentalchanges" to the discipline.Becker commented that Coleman's main contribution to thesocial sciences "has been his creativity.... Jim has always come upwith new ideas and new perspectives and then tried to see howwell they work with the data."This approach was evident duringa series of 1980s studies in whichColeman directly comparedpublic and Catholic schools, finding that, in several aspects, Cath-University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994olic schools offered a superioreducational environment. Suchconclusions, Becker noted, haveled at times to "enormous hostility" against Coleman. "But he hashandled it bravely. He has notbacked down from his position.Time has shown that Jim was usually right and his critics werewrong."In a similar fashion, publicregard for the insights of economist D. Gale Johnson haveshifted — what once were braveaffronts to conventional wisdomhave become, over time, acceptedfacts. For Johnson, "over time"means half a century — the University celebrated his 50th year as amember of its faculty during anApril 6 luncheon in his honor.Johnson, who grew up on anIowa farm, has kept agriculture amain focus of his research;recendy, he headed a World Bankteam of 40 international specialists to study food production inthe former Soviet Union. Johnson's University service includesterms as provost, social sciencesdean, economics chair, and chairof the faculty committee thatadvises the Benton Broadcast Fellowship Program. He was alsonamed the Eliakim HastingsMoore distinguished service professor in 1973. First Phoenix: Coleman at work.Throughout his career, Johnsonhas spoken out against government intervention in agriculturalmarkets — intervention that hebelieves results in substantialcosts to consumers and taxpayers,with little or no benefit to mostfarmers."I've been singing that same tunefor nearly 50 years, just adding afew more choruses," Johnsonjoked. Ironically, the governmentthat seems to have taken his free-market advice most to heart is taRyerson lecturer: Wilson spoke on challenges to conventional wisdom. China, a country he hasvisited many times. Between 1981 and 1983, henoted, "the Chinese abolished collective farms, andproduction soared."William Julius Wilsonalso added to the social sciences division's red-letterdays on April 8 when hegave the 1994 Nora andEdward Ryerson Lecture.Considered the most prestigious of University lectures, the Ryerson wasestablished in 1972 by theboard of trustees to giveoutstanding faculty anopportunity to speak to thecampus community abouttheir life and work.Since Wilson's 1987book, The Truly Disadvan-became an instant classic,readers have eagerly awaited afollow-up. In fact, Wilson is closeto completing two new volumeson the subjects of poverty andrace, and he provided a sneak preview of their contents during thelecture.Wilson also told his audienceabout a recent invitation to aWhite House dinner. Sounded outby President Clinton, Wilsonreminded him it was within hispresidential power to provide astrong vision for social change inAmerica. That vision, he emphasized, should be unifying — cuttingacross racial and class boundaries.And during the lecture, Wilsonthanked James Coleman for convincing him to stay at Chicago inthe face of an attractive offer froman "East Coast" university. Coleman, Wilson said, reminded himthat no university could matchChicago in providing an intellectual environment that "encourages creativity and bold challengesto conventional wisdom."Wounded escapeBosnia's civil warIT may seem a small gesture:helping only five of thousandswho have been seriouslyinjured in the Bosnian civil war.But for those five patients andtheir families, the opportunity to First fellow: N.C. Yang,PhD'72, the GustavusF. and Ann M. Swiftdistinguished serviceprofessor in chemistry,has been elected one ofthe first two scientificfellows of the Inter-American Photochemical Society.Best times six: For thesixth consecutive year,the University's ModelUnited Nations teamwon "best delegation"honors at the HarvardNational Model U.N.conference, the largestand most prestigioussuch conference inNorth America,Chicago captured itsunprecedented "six-peat" while representing China and Bosniain current internationalpolitical issues.Versatile visitor: Educator, conductor, historian, author LeonBotstein, AB'67, visitedcampus in April as aMarjorie KovlerFellow. President ofBard College, Botsteinis also music director ofthe American Symphony in New YorkCity and editor of TheMusical Quarterly.Starting young; TheNational OpinionResearch Center at theUniversity of Chicagowas awarded a $2.2-milhon contract to conduct the first-evernational longitudinalstudy of children in elementary school.Funded by the U.S.Department of Education, the study — tobegin in 1998— willfollow the academicprogress of 23,000 students. NORC will alsofocus on non-academicfactors that bear onlearning success, suchas health status orfamily and economicbackground.UNIVERSITY' OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/JUNE 1994Swan song: Professoremeritus of musicRalph Shapey gave hisfinal performance ascomposer-conductor ofthe ContemporaryChamber Players — agroup he founded 28years ago — during aconcert in Mandel Halldedicated to the latenew-music patron PaulFromm. The concertfeatured a world premiere ofShapey's briefLullaby, dedicated tohis two grandchildren.San Francisco Contemporary Music Ensembledirector Stephen Moskowill succeed Shapey.No more nice guy: Thisyear's 20th AnnualGSB Follies, May 6-7at Mandel Hall, wasentitled The Dean'sLast Challenge. Written, directed, choreographed, andperformed by GSB students, the show "parodied the two-yeartransformation of otherwise nice people intoMBAs, " read an eventpromo. All proceedswent to local charities.Yearbook near: Thisyear's College graduating class will have ayearbook, probably bythis fall. Fourth-yeareditor Tammy Spathsaid her staff wasworking on a relativelymodest yearbook, to becalled The Gargoyleinstead of Cap andGown. The last timeCap and Gown waspublished was for theClass of '91. Safe haven: While their father undergoes surgery, Selma and Elma Hasanagic enjoy a waiting room's quiet.come to Chicago this spring —where the injured were treated atthe University's Medical Center —was profoundly significant.Working with freelance journalist Ellen Blackman, AmericanMedical International, and theJana's House Foundation, ananonymous donor arranged forthe medical evacuation and transport of the patients from Bosnia.For its part, the University agreedto provide free medical care forthe five, and all of the physiciansinvolved agreed to donate theirservices.Two Croatian-American hospitalemployees, Zlata Radokovic andEvelyn Zuchich, offered their timeto translate between caregiversand their patients and families,who spoke barely a word of English. Several church-based refugeeorganizations — includingLutheran Social Services of Illinois, Episcopalian Migration Ministries, and the InterchurchRefugee Center — took charge ofhousing and caring for thepatients' families during their stay.All of the patients were men, ranging in ages from 24 to 63, injuredby either gunshot or grenadeexplosion. And all of them were passive victims of the civil war.Kasim Hasanagic's story was typical: A 34-year-old worker in anylon-stocking factory, Hasanagicstepped out to buy a pack of cigarettes when a grenade exploded inhis path. The explosion severelyinjured his right arm and left leg.Hasanagic, his wife, and theirtwo daughters fled their home inSarajevo with only the clothesthey wore. The family spent timeon a U.S. military base in Germany, but the doctors there wereunable to do more than makeHasanagic comfortable.At Chicago, he was operated onby Robert Walton, section chief ofplastic and reconstructive surgeryand an authority on trauma,wound management, and reconstructive microsurgery. (Walton'sother patient from Bosnia was a63-year-old man who had sufferedsevere facial disfigurement from agrenade explosion three yearsago.)Chicago Tribune columnist MarySchmich visited Hasanagic's wifeand two daughters in a hospitalwaiting room. Observing Elma, 7,and Selma, 9, Schmich wrote that"you might think they were inparadise... indulging in rare plea sures. Bananas, chocolate, Coca-Cola, Barbie dolls, and PlayDoh....Day after day in the waitingroom, the girls' quiet cheer andcuriosity continue to amazeeveryone who watches them."The best thing about being inAmerica is "you don't hear anyshooting or hand grenades,'"Selma commented to Schmichthrough a translator. (The onlyEnglish the girls knew at thatpoint was "thank you.") "Yes,"Elma agreed, nodding. "And nosirens.""There is more for them to eathere," their mother added. "Andpeople have time for childrenhere. In Sarajevo, everyone is soinvolved in war that the childrenare forgotten."Mr. Hasanagic was treated anddischarged from the Hospitals inlate April — though he continuedto stop by the outpatient clinicsfor physical therapy throughoutthe spring, and may also needadditional surgery. Meanwhile, achurch group found his family anapartment in Chicago, and thefamily has applied for citizenship,deciding that they do not wish toreturn to the war zone that wasonce their home.1 4 University of Chicago Magazine/February 1994To let off steam, students go to extremesUntamed scavengers!THEY ARE SOME OF THE BESTminds of their generation,but the student participantsin the eighth annual College Scavenger Hunt looked more like contestants on Let's Make a Deal. Theofficial object of the hunt, held onthe first weekend in May, was forstudent teams to get the mostpoints possible from a 294-itemlist in order to win cash prizes —$500, $250, and $100for first, second, andthird; $25 for the nextseven places.Yet cash alone doesnot seem sufficient motivation for the lengthsstudents went to winthis year's hunt (Snell-Hitchcock halls tookfirst, followed by Wickand Breckinridge). Still,the awards provided aconvenient excuse forthose whose friendsdoubled over at the sightof them wearing scubagear and brandishinga chain saw, oystersstuffed in both ears.In fact, the real purpose of Scavenger Huntmay have to do withwhat trend-demographer Faith Popcornhas called "pleasurerevenge." The event'stiming — during springmid-term break — givesstudents an excuse toslide off the academicrack and enjoy trivialpursuits that don'treceive a letter grade.Apparently, nothingbeats finding a preserved brain in a jar, aquagmire, or a braillecopy of Playboy magazine to cool an overheated cranium.Some items encouraged off-campus excursions ("A 1/2 order ofbiscuits and gravy fromDolly's Place Restaurantin Vienna, 20 points; extra 10 points if you find outwhere Sam sits").Others called for creativity ("TheWhitewater situation representedin an interpretative dance") orsheer athletic agility ("A teammember simultaneously using aThighmaster, Abdominizer, andStep & Slide, while wearing shinyspandex").During Sunday's judging in Ida Noyes Hall, one couple playingAdam and Eve denuded amid astrangely reverent throng of student onlookers to win 69 pointsas "a man, a woman, an apple,leaves, and nothing else" — leavingone judge to wonder aloud if thelist should have italicized leaves,instead.Most couples opted for the post-lapsarian look, humbly coveredTemporary insanity:(Clockwise, from above)professor Guy Alittostrains his voice forpoints; Stuart Starostasports a pen-on-flesh version of page 1,287 of theAmeritech Phone Book;Ben Brighoff plays Adamin a costume of leaves"hand-harvested from thefinest maples outsideBlackstone Hall."Phoios by Lloyd DeGrane Bowled over: Thisyear's UofC CollegeBowl team made history as ihe first ever towin both the ACF andCBI national CollegeBowl championships.Question: Which teamrefrained from playingChicago in the CBIfinals because it wasSunday? Answer:Brigham Young. TheMaroons' cumulativerecord for the seasonwas 146 wins and only11 defeats.Break in action:Where do Chicago lawstudents go for springbreak? Cancun? TheVirgin Islands? TryJohannesburg, CapeTown, and MexicoCity. Those were thedestinations of 15 lawstudents who spentbreak studying thelegal and political systems in South Africaor Mexico — with helpfrom officials, judges,business representatives, and activists inthose countries. Thegroup received fundingfrom United Airlinesand the Chicago lawfirm Altheimer &Gray, but, said actingLaw School DeanDavid Currie, "the students deserve all thecredit for putting ittogether."Name-droppers: TheSouth Asian Students'Association Dinnerand Cultural Nightdrew about 300 to IdaNoyes Hall in May.The evening showcaseof South Asian danceand literature includeda keynote address byCarolyn Kreuger, Asiadirector of ihe AshokaFoundation; a fashionshow; and a Sufidemonstration inwhich four male performers sang a recitation of the names ofGod.University of Chicago Magazine/February 1994 1 5Deluged: April endedwith heavy rains thatdamaged the roof of theSSA building, causingsevere water leakageinto some offices andthe main lecture hall.Flooding started Saturday morning, and students, staff, andprofessors pitched inthroughout the day tomove most books andcomputer equipment tosafety. No structuraldamage to the buildingwas reported, andclasses resumed onMonday.Black out: The RyersonAstronomical Societyoffered several campusvenues for safe viewingof the May 10th annular eclipse. The RAS selup telescopes on themain quads and theRyerson Obscrvatotyroof; televised viewingwas provided at Ker-sten Physics TeachingCenter. The studentgroup also sold "solarfilter glasses," for $1each. Maximum eclipseoccurred at 12:04 p.m.when the sun was 89-percent obscured.Disease fighter: Anexpert in the use ofmagnetic resonancetechniques to analyzebiomolecules has beennamed the first directorof the Center forMolecular Oncology.Michael Weiss comes toChicago from Harvard.Molecular oncology isone of five biomedicalresearch centers of theUniversity's newInstitute for MolecularMedicine, whose mission is to transforntbasic science discoveries into new medicaltreatments for unyielding diseases such ascancer. by leaves from campus trees ortheir dining hall's salad bar."1 can't watch," bleated severalsuddenly sheepish students during the one o'clock "Nun Run"("Bring a nun in full habit to participate in a short race"). SisterMarie Flood, AB'40, agreed to represent one team, sans habit("I'm always explaining to people:We don't wear those anymore. Idon't even have one.")Prior to her "race," Sister Marietook in the chaos with that drylyamused, cseen-it-all-and-better'demeanor of a Hutchins-eraGrotesque gourmand: The Medici's pizza- snaching gargoyle.Food for thoughtSome of Hyde Park's restaurants were singled out in arecent Chicago Sun-Times' "Eater's Digest." The Magazineoffers synopses of these mentions (a by-no-means inclusive list) as food for thought for those who believe that gooddining exists only north of State and Madison:TJ.'s Restaurant, 5500 South Shore Drive. Calling T. J.'s lavishSunday champagne brunch "definitely a must," the reviewer alsonoted "some very good Continental dinner fare — dishes that youhaven't seen on menus for awhile... Shrimp de Jonghe, oystersRockefeller, beef Wellington, veal Oscar, strawberriesRomanoff. . .talk about tasty name-dropping."Caffe Florian, 1450 East 57th St. Said the reviewer, "thisbustling, sometimes noisy, restaurant near the U of C hasbecome my favorite casual spot for inexpensive, tasty food" —including pan pizzas, burgers, salads, sandwiches, and seafood."Finish up with Ben & Jerry's ice cream or peanut-butter cheesecake and your favorite brew; they pour 12 kinds of coffee and sixtypes of tea."Orly's, 5498 South Hyde Park Blvd. Among Orly's "real food"offerings: char-broiled, hickory-smoked ribs, blackened Cajunshrimp, and "gooey" desserts. "Honey sweetens the sauces anddressings, and imaginative vegetarian dishes abound, along withcounterculture fare like Russian cabbage soup and Kenyanseafood Upanga marinated in coconut milk and freshbasil... Where else can you watch Nobel Prize wjnners let theirhair down?"Medici, 1327 East 57th St. "Geared to U of C students in bothprice and style. Everything from the inventive hamburgers to thefour-cheese pizza caters to the soul that may be hungry for rebellion, but needs a substantial lunch of eggs espresso with blackbread before challenging the system." Service can be slow, thereviewer warned, but "luckily, the clientele's range of ages andtemperaments offers irresistible eavesdropping opportunities." alumna. The squeamish studentswho retreated when it was thenuns' turn to run missed a raredisplay of dignity in motion.Later, Sister Marie took the Magazine's reporter aside, asking:"What's all this for, anyway?"The suggestion that it was the1990s equivalent to swallowinglive goldfish or stuffing bodiesinto phone booths was soon contradicted by a hovering second-year student."No, no," he corrected. "It's a lotmore creative than that," he continued as one of his teammatesbegan filling her shoes with CheezWhiz. Sister Marie nodded as shewatched the woman with CheezWhiz in her shoes stuff sauerkrautinto her pants pockets. Noseswrinkled at the pungent smell.Suddenly, a male voice began toshout "Yaaa-HOOOO!" A crowdcollected around the source of theshout. "Yaaaaaaaaaaaaaa-HOOOOOOOOOO!"The students' faces held respectful smiles. This was an associateprofessor after all — Guy Alitto,history and East Asian languagesand civilizations — who was hollering "YaaaaaaAAAA-hoooOO!YAA-hooooooo!" The humiliationwas worth 25 points."YIP-eeeeeeeee!""U of C profs," one studentscoffed at the deviation. "They cannever follow rules."Then, a student called attentionto what was surely one of thehunt's proudest trophies: a real-life International House of Pancakes waitress, in full uniform (50points). Some students had beggedher between waffle bites to cometo campus. Although her 17-year-old, freckled face could suitablygrace a Norman Rockwell canvas,her pinched smile was morelemon than honey."Do you think you might beinterested in coming to schoolhere after this?" the Magazinereporter asked her."Wwweelll," she responded witha Borscht Belt comedian's timing,"this has certainly been an education."Where are those admissionsrecruiters when you need them?— Written and compiled by TimAndrew Obermiller.1 6 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994University faces some cost-conscious decisions.Special ReportChicago'sLong-termFiscalForecastBy Mary Ruth Yoe Following an extensive review ofthe University's finances, PresidentHugo F. Sonnenschein, ProvostGeoffrey R. Stone, JD'71, and ChiefFinancial Officer Lawrence Furnstahl,AB'83, have been meeting since Januarywith trustees, faculty, staff, and students todiscuss Chicago's long- and short-termbudget outlook."Like most of its peer institutions," Sonnenschein told the Alumni Board of Governors in an April letter describing the resultsof the budget review, "the University faces aperiod of substantial financial challenge."This means that we have to take steps toensure the University's long-term fiscalhealth and continued academic distinction.This is not a new experience for the University, which has faced many financial challenges in the past. Its academic strengthtoday is a testament to the way in whichthose challenges have been met."The financial review focused on all unitsof the University — except the Biological Sciences Division, which represents $232 million of the University's annual budget. TheBSD is conducting a similar review in conjunction with the University of ChicagoHospitals.Chicago's bottom line has been on adownward trend: from a surplus of $24 million in 1990-91 and $9 million in 1991-92,to a deficit of $10 million last year — and aprojected deficit of $25 million in the current fiscal year. The projections indicatethat if the University continues to do business as usual, the downward trend will continue."Because it is imperative that any corrective financial measures also improve theUniversity's ability to achieve its academicmission," Sonnenschein told the Magazine,"such measures must be undertaken withthe full support of the University community." To that end, a series of informationalforums — including consultations; openmeetings; a special issue of the University'snewspaper, the Chronicle; and other writtencommunications — has focused on thefinancial review, working to create a community-wide understanding of the challenges facing the University.Stone and Furnstahl outlined the causesof the present situation during a series ofcampus meetings, paying special attentionto three key factors shaping Chicago's long-term revenues. Income from each of these sources, they pointed out, is leveling offafter a period of significant growth. From1989 to 1993, for example, tuition revenue(net of student aid) grew at the rate of 3.8percent above inflation per year as bothenrollment and tuition rates increased.At the same time, endowment payoutgrew at 5.2 percent above inflation; and federal grants for research grew at 4.0 percentabove inflation. Although annual revenuesfrom these sources will continue toincrease, current projections indicate thatbetween now and the year 2000 they willThis is a stronginstitution with virtuallyunparalleled intellectualand scholarly resources.We face not a crisis,but a challenge."—Provost Geoffrey Stonegrow much more slowly than in the past.For example, tuition revenue (net of student aid) is projected to grow at a rate ofonly 1 percent per year above inflation.This is so because neither enrollment nortuition rates are expected to grow as rapidlyin the 1990s as they did in the 1980s.Similar pressures will affect endowmentearnings and grant funds. In order to preserve the real value of the University'sendowment (currently $1.2 billion), endowment payout will have to be maintainedat approximately 0.5 percent above inflation. And the University expects federalresearch grants to grow less than 1 percentabove inflation."These results affect the academic economy nationally," Stone said, "and resultlargely from forces — such as the state anddirection of the economy, real return oninvestments, and government budgetarypriorities — that are beyond any university'scontrol."While revenue streams are leveling off.the fundamental costs of operating the University — financial aid, faculty salaries,library books, computer technology, laboratory equipment, and facilities maintenance — continue to grow at higher rates. Asignificant factor on the expense side ofUniversity of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 17ESMEI3MEIIMBBetween now and the year 2000, three major sources of University revenues — tuition, federal grants, and endowment return — are expected togrow at considerably slower rates than they have over the past eightyears.7%-6%' Last 8 Years(Actual)Base Case*Projection 3.7%4.0%Inflation REAL GROWTH RATESIU- .J3 o — s?o- 5A J2"5*Thc base case projection is an attempt to understand what would happen if theUniversity were to continue with business as usual — maintaining afaculty and student body of the same size and composition, retaining the same basic student-aidpolicies, and keeping its current position in all of the markets in which it competes. Chicago's financial forecast, Stone andFurnstahl explained, is the need to increasethe University's investment in its physicalplant.Over the past 50 years, Chicago has spentan average of $15 million per year (in current dollars) on its physical plant. In thedecade 1985-94, however, that figuredropped to $ 1 1 million per year (in currentdollars) — sufficient to keep campus buildings in good repair, but not enough, Furnstahl said, to finance the modernizationnecessary to meet the changing needs ofacademic programs and student life.On the plus side of the ledger, Stonepointed to the University's $1.2-billionendowment, its annual non-Hospitalsbudget of more than $700 million, and itsmore than $100 million in cash balances."This is a strong institution with virtuallyunparalleled intellectual and scholarlyresources," the provost said. "We face not acrisis, but a challenge. Our challenge is topreserve our essential financial strengthwithout undermining our core academicmission."Stone told the Alumni Board of Governorsat its meeting in late April that "there's nomagic bullet," no single action that willresolve the situation. Rather, he said, "itwill take a multiyear program to increaserevenues and reduce expenses — and willinvolve a look at many possible options."These options include adjustments to thesize and composition of the student body,the faculty and the administrative staff,tuition and financial-aid policies, facultyand staff compensation, building and othercapital projects — and the number, nature,and structure of academic programs."E fforts to reverse the downwardbudget trend already have begun.In early April, President Sonnenschein appointed a 14-membersteering committee on administrative costreduction. Chaired by Furnstahl and working with a team of consultants from KPMGPeat Marwick, the committee will recommend ways to save or to cut $10 millionfrom the budget base for administrativefunctions over four years, beginning withthe 1994-95 fiscal year. This will be a considerable challenge for Chicago, Furnstahlnoted, since the University already haslower administrative costs than most of itspeer institutions (see chart at right).1 8 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994The committee will consider redesign ofadministrative processes, new uses of technology, and the possible elimination or outsourcing of service functions. It will focus,in particular, on opportunities to reducecosts while improving the quality of administrative services. And to make it easy for allmembers of the University to send in theirideas, the committee has set up both e-mailand voice-mail suggestion boxes.In mid-May, Furnstahl announced that$2.5 million in administrative-cost savingshave been achieved for the 1994-95 budget.The savings result from the elimination of21 staff positions (seven through attrition),energy savings, increased income from suchauxiliaries as real-estate operations and theUniversity of Chicago Bookstore, elimination of tuition payments by credit card, andreduced operating expenses.eanwhile Geof Stone andLawrence Furnstahl have continued their rounds of consultations, meeting with deans ofdivisions and schools to ask for their adviceon which combination of corrective optionsmight work best for each particular unit.Again, the operative word is consultation —an informed agreement on what changeswill keep Chicago academically strong.Sonnenschein noted that contributions tothe Campaign for the Next Century, bothcapital gifts and gifts to the annual funds,will continue to play a vital role in securingthe University's financial position. The campaign has achieved 75 percent of its $500million goal in only half of its five-yearterm."Annual gifts enable us to meet pressingeveryday needs. Gifts to the endowment areespecially important since they provide forthe long-term health and strength of theUniversity," said Sonnenschein. "Theimportance of the campaign is not to dealwith our immediate problems, but to provide the foundation for the University'sfuture."Sonnenschein emphasized that "throughout this process of strengthening the University, we will exercise great care to projectthose special qualities that defineChicago — belief in the importance of ideasand in the value of a community of scholars. This is a remarkable institution, and weintend to make sure that it continues toflourish." y:Hil')jH.'.l*;Vii];t**TAs this chart showing administrative costs as a percent of instructionand research expenses points out, Chicago does better than many of itspeer institutions. That's good news — except when it's time to find additional ways to reduce such costs.28.5%127.1% 26.2%25%-24S%-21.9%21.4%20%15%10% 44.5%C D E F GCHICAGOOther universities included are Carnegie Mellon, Cornell, Duke, Emory,Northwestern, Pennsylvania, Princeton, Rochester, George Washington,and Yale. The average of all institutions excluding the University ofChicago is 22.3 %.The ratios are calculated from results published in 1992-93 audited financial statements. Administrative costs include institutional support and plant operations andmaintenance.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 19By William Burtonphotography by dan dryRemember platform shoes, long gas lines —and the notion of using sunlight for cheapenergy? A University research team's invention, adapted hy Paul Collard, could makesolar power far more than a nostalgic dream.v 40 years ago, Jonas Salk wasasked if he owned the patent on the new polio vaccinethat bore his name. Salk replied that everybody ownedthe patent because there was none: "Could you patentthe sun?"As it turns out, you can patent the sun — at least in itsconcentrated form. The patent was conceived by a University of Chicago physics professor, is owned by theUniversity's ARCH Development Corp., and is licensedto a clever Hyde Park entrepreneur. And he, in turn,hopes to use it to bring cheap, clean electric power toThird World farms and California vacation homes — andjobs and economic development to the South Side.Paul Collard, a native Englishman, has some thingsgoing for him that augur well for his success: a productthat works; a viable, if circumscribed, market; and nointention of leaning on the rubber crutch of solar-energy development grants or international aid programs. He also has a track record as an entrepreneur.Collard, MAT'75, is someone you could easily pick outat a cocktail party — but he probably wouldn't be there.Intense, yet reticent in the extreme, he is clearly cut fromthe Bill Gates mold of nerdy boy genius. With a degree inapplied physics from the University of Sussex, he camelo 1 Ivdc Park in the early 70s. After earning a master'sdegree in leaching, he taught high school physics, thenworked al the University's Computation Center. Alongwilh two friends he met at the center — and $500 incapital — in 1976 he founded U.S. Robotics, a maker20 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994eae¦ /of computer modems and hardware. Twelveyears later, after the Hyde Park companyhad moved to suburban Skokie and reachedannual sales of $40 million, Collard got out.In 1979, attending a University lectureseries on "Science Meets the Energy Crisis,"Collard began following the progress thatthe lecturer, Joseph O'Gallagher, SM'62,PhD'67, a research associate in the EnricoFermi Institute, and Roland Winston,SB'56, SM'57, PhD'63, professor and chairof physics, were making in solar-concentrator optics. When their patented solar collectors — mirrors that funnel and concentratesunlight — hinted at a breakthrough in thestagnant market for photovoltaic power,Collard jumped. With the help of his wife,attorney Rebecca Janowitz (U-High 70), hefounded Midway Labs, Inc., in 1988.The home of the five-person company isan odd, one-story warehouse buildingcalled Two Artist Row. Festooned withceramic-tile mosaics and facing a full-wallmural, the East 71st Street building wasdesigned as a home for neighborhoodartists — part of a community redevelopment project operated by the South ShoreBank. It turned out that there weren'tenough neighborhood artists who couldpay the rent (although One Artist Row stillhouses seven or eight across the street), andso nascent businesses like Midway movedin. Looking more Bohemian than businesslike, Two Artist Row makes perfectquarters for a small solar-energy company,an enterprise that has always been viewedby big business as "alternative" (read"flaky").But Midway Labs has something solar-energy firms have typically been lacking: acommercial product. Called the Power-Source™ ($1,419 retail direct from themanufacturer, dealer inquiries welcome),the three-foot-square panel looks like alight fixture, maybe from the roof ofWrigley Field. But its jaunty skyward tilttells you that this baby doesn't throw light,it catches it — concentrating the sunbeamsvia Winston and O'Gallagher's patentedtechnology, and then converting the lightinto electricity.The smallest of four in the product line,the unit generates 170 watts, enough topower a streetlight or a livestock wateringpump. Larger models produce up to 1,020watts, suitable for irrigation pumps or homeuse. "Our basic home system," says designengineer Bob Hoffmann, "is an array on theroof, and power comes into the house to abank of Die Hards. A power inverter changesWilliam Burton is media relations managerfor the University of Chicago Medical Center'sOffice of Public Affairs. DC to AC. We generally design fora four-day backup capacity on batteries. That'll get you through mostweather." In most areas, says Hoffmann, there's only a 1.2-percentchance that cloudy weather wouldoutlast the power supply.A large, rugged man in a tie andcowboy boots, Hoffmann has beenwith Midway for five years, and hewears many hats — design, production supervision, installation. Thisbright spring day he is giving atour and slide show to a group ofseven engineers from Commonwealth Edison. One of the engineers, in charge of Com Ed'senergy museum near its Zionnuclear plant, is thinking about purchasinga PowerSource for an exhibit. RebeccaJanowitz, president of Midway Labs, notesthe irony: "They want it for the museum,but it's new."To be sure, the electric-power utilitieshave little to fear from Midway Labs. "Whatwe're doing does not have a present urbanapplication," Janowitz concedes. "We're notgoing after the people in the cities, who areon a heavily subsidized nuclear-powergrid." What they are after is the so-calledoff-grid market: the pumps, electric fences,street lights, and railroad crossings inremote areas where the cost of bringing incommercial power would be prohibitive.Much of this market is overseas; according to Hoffmann, Mexico and Indonesiatogether buy half of the world's solar powermanufacturing. The primary U.S. market inCalifornia, he says, "is driven not so muchby economics as by anti-developmentnorthern Californians wanting to keep thesouthern Californians out. They won'tallow expansion of the grid — if you buy apiece of property and want electricity, youhave to bring your own."Competing with Midway Labs for this captive market are smoky, noisy diesel generators — which Janowitz says most potentialcustomers, given the choice, would avoid —and other photovoltaic (PV) suppliers, mostof whose systems do not use concentrators.Non-concentrating or "flat-panel" PV cells,similar to those found in calculators, wrist-watches, and buoys, are made from crystalsof ultrapure silicon precisely infused withboron or other materials. These crystals arewhat makes any PV system expensive: Thesilicon used in a cell that generates 50 wattsof electricity could have provided the integrated circuits for about 2,000 computers.Less silicon equals lower cost, and by concentrating sunlight before it strikes thesystem, one can get the same power from acell of proportionally smaller area. The prob- A place in the sun: Paul Collard (previouspage) checks out a Midway Labs collector onthe Kersten Physics Center's roof. Designengineer Bob Hoffmann (above) holds adime-sized PV cell that turns light into electricity. Hojjfmann and Collard inspect a set ofconcentrators at Midway Labs (right).lem is that while flat-panels can receive sunlight over a wide angle, a concentrator has apinpoint angle of acceptance. It must beaimed to within a fraction of a degree of thesun for the beam to strike the cell, and suchprecise trackers are unreliable and expensive.Enter the work of Winston and O'Gallagher — a breakthrough that maximizedconcentration while at the same time relaxing the angle of acceptance. In 1965, whiledoing research in particle physics, Winstonturned optics on its ear by introducing theconcept of a non-imaging concentrator —more precisely, a "compound parabolicconcentrator," or CPC. Unlike the opticsthat form images in cameras or telescopes, aCPC works not as a lens, but as a funnel.Forcing entering beams of light to overlapeach other, it "scrambles" them togethertightly. The image of the light source isdestroyed in the process, but when the goalis concentration, image isn't everything.The technique worked for experiments inparticle physics and, Winston later found,for gathering solar energy. In the 1970s,with grants from the U.S. Department ofEnergy, Winston and O'Gallagher beganbuilding two-stage solar collectors. The firststage was a standard parabolic telescopemirror, and the non-imaging second stagewas a domed cone of highly refractive material.Their crowning achievement, though oneof limited practicality, came when they useda secondary collector of sapphire — a substance with an extremely high refractiveindex, or ability to bend light — to seem-22 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994ingly violate the laws of thermodynamics.On the roof of the Kersten Physics Teaching Center in 1990, they concentrated sunlight to 84,000 times its normal intensity onEarth — 15 percent higher than at the surface of the sun itself.Paul Collard took an idea positively elegant in both conceptand execution — and set out withan avowed goal of making itcheaper and "dumber." WhereWinston's secondary collector was asparkling dewdrop of clear sapphire, Col-lard's are three-inch long cones of glass that look like nothing so much as bathroomfaucet knobs.In what resembles an oversized aluminumloaf pan, the glass cones sit under cheapprimary lenses. Beneath the cones' flattenedpoints, attached to the bottom of the pan or"bay," are photovoltaic cells the size of adime. Each cell, wired in series of eight to abay, receives over 200 "suns" of concentrated light, and Collard says he needsnearly every bit of that for his product tofly.The no-frills machinery seems to matchits maker. Collard is not one for casual conversation, though his wife insists that he is not shy: "He just doesn't like to talk topeople." Balancing awkwardly on a squeakyoffice chair, he focuses not on his listenerbut rather on the challenges of his design.One of those challenges has been holdingcosts low while keeping efficiency high."Our first system concentrated [sunlight]ten-to-one," Collard says. Adding concentrators meant smaller PV cells were needed,but those cells, designed to take the heat ofso much focused light, were more expensive: "The solar-cell suppliers had led us tobelieve they could deliver cells that wouldoperate at high intensity for only a moderate increase in cost. But, in fact, they're tentimes as expensive as flat-panel cells, so youneed 100 suns if you want to reduce cellcost by a factor of ten."For his concentrating PV system to work,however, Collard still needed to find a wayto rig the concentrators to follow the sun'smotion across the sky. He got lucky: A product, made by another tiny company, camealong that was a perfect match. Mounted onthe collector array, the WattSun tracker is asmall obelisk with a photodetector on eachside that points sunward. When a detectorbecomes shaded, an activator turns the arrayback toward the sun. Able to track in twoaxes to within a couple of degrees, thedevice, says Collard, is cheaper and simplerthan other designs. "The WattSun ttacker isaccurate enough to use our concentrators,and our concentrators are 'sloppy' enough touse the WattSun tracker."Though Midway Labs won't release salesfigures, Janowitz says this is the first yearthat the firm has had real sales. The company has no sales force, other than one representative in Europe whose territory is theEastern Hemisphere. Its big break camewhen Home Power — "The Magazine ofIndependent Living" — gave the Power-Source a glowing review. Since the articleappeared this spring, the company has beenoverwhelmed with orders, Collard says. Ithas plans to hire several more workers andtriple production by year's end.No matter how successful Midway Labsbecomes, Collard says, he won't abandon itas he did U.S. Robotics. "All of us were bigartificial intelligence freaks, and we allexpected that we would eventually producesome wild robotics system," he explains."But that quickly evaporated, and it wasvery hard for me to keep focused on justmodems."His commitment to solar energy runsdeeper. But though the sun may bum forever, patents expire. Collard isn't shy aboutthe future, just realistic. "We have to keepahead of the game so we don't need patents.We need to keep innovating — so whenothers catch up, we're already ahead."University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 23Gownsmanship. TheUniversity model($680, with hood andtarn included) hasmore material — up toeight yards in all —more pleating, andmore drape. Thestreamlined Collegemodel has a streamlined price ($530,again with hood andtarn thrown in). Orscholars can rent theirgown for a day fromthe U of C Bookstore($62.50). Those with more thanone academic degreemay wear only onehood at a time — theone that matches theirgown.Hoodwinked. More ismore, as far as doctoralhoods go. Four feet inlength (compared tothe 3.5 feet alloted itsA.M. or S.M. counterpart), the Ph.D. hoodgains extra bulk fromside panels and extracolor from five-inchbands of velvet trim.8s Jf? Sijf/r24 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994Scholars sweltering inacademic finery atSpring Convocationneedn't curse the medievalclerics from whose gownstheir robes are said to havedescended. Instead, they canblame a 19th-century undergraduate named Gardner CotrellLeonard.Leonard, the son of a dry-goods manufacturer, designed special caps and gowns forthe Williams College Class of 1887 — andhad his family firm manufacture them.After a clothier's grand tour of Europe, hecame home and started selling knockoffs ofacademic haute couture to U.S. universities.Eschewing European schools' one-of-a-kind looks, American institutions immediately opted for a more ready-made line, andLeonard helped develop a standard code ofacademic dress adopted in 1895.Under that code, outfits came in basicblack. It was the late 1950s before ChicagoPh.D.s marched in maroon. That shift,explains Geoffrey C. M. Plampin, AB'57, theU of C's retired vice-marshal, came because"Harvard, Princeton, and Yale had justchanged their robes to their school colors —it became the mode."Once a wool blend, Chicago's gowns arenow 50/50 polyester/rayon. Developed forthe U of C by E. R. Moore, the Chicago-based firm that makes the University'srobes, Fabric No. 3430 is also used for partof the University of Pennsylvania's gowns.In most details, Chicago's doctoral outfitadheres to the Academic Costume Code ofthe American Council on Education's Committee on Academic Costumes and Ceremonies. That code covers gown, hood, andvelvet tarn ("More comfortable than mortarboards," notes Plampin, and thus aperquisite for academic higher-ups). Thegown is faced with black velvet, and threevelvet chevrons (in Chicago's case, black)parade across each bell-shaped sleeve.But the code doesn't cover the button onthe back of the gown's yoke. "It's strictlydecorative," notes Bill Donnelly of E. R.Moore. The ornate maroon braid appliquedfrom button to velvet-paneled neckline alsodoesn't show up in the code, but Donnellyexplains that the braid is utilitarian: "ItTheMagazinedetails the seamyundersides ofChicago's ultimatethree-piece suit. covers up the yoke's back seam."That the braid goes over theblack velvet at Chicago andunder at Yale owes nothingto institutional mythology,everything to manufacturingmethodology. E. R. MoorePhotOQranhV attaches the braid during thebv Dan DrV ^na^ st0P on ^ production line,while Yale's robe-makers sew thebraid on before the velvet panel getsattached.Like all "bespoke" suits, gowns are meantto last. Working from measurements ofheight and chest — or, as it's known in thetrade, yoke — E. R. Moore needs six to eightweeks to complete a gown. A generous cutensures that as grads gain physical as wellas academic girth, their robes will still fit.Chicago's doctoral hood remains in basicblack, though its lining is Fabric No. 3430.A second spot of color shows up in thevelvet border, keyed to the wearer's academic discipline: purple for law, green formedicine, scarlet for theology, and darkblue for all other disciplines."The most common mistake," says Donnelly, "is wearing the hood reversed — theblack shell is against the body, so that themaroon lining is exposed." To get the rightstuff on display, advises Plampin, pay closeattention to the string hanging from oneend of the hood. "If that little string —which is to be hooked under the button onthe robe, or under your shirt button — ispointed down, then everything else fallsinto place."All too often, the hood isn't placed highenough to cover one's necktie or collar —and the cord linking the hood at the backshould be secured. Academic fashion pundits deem an off-the-shoulder look lessjaunty than jejune.Avoiding a look that's as wrinkled as anemeritus isn't easy. Asked for pressing tips,the experts are blunt: Don't try it at home."With a regular iron," Donnelly warns, "itwould take about two years." He recommends dry cleaning ($8 to $20 to steampress gown and hood). To ten o'clockscholars with no time to take their dressmaroons to the cleaners, he offers sometimeless advice, "Hang them in the bathroom with a hot shower running." — M.R.Y.WHAT'S UNDERTHE HOOD?Radio dietyIt's 11 a.m. on a clear Monday in springquarter, time for the sounds of Sonic Schizophrenia. I've climbed the narrow staircase ofthe Reynolds Club's Mitchell Tower toWHPK, the University of Chicago's 100- wattradio station — 88.5 on your FM dial —hoping to catch the madness in action. Butbefore I make it down the hall to the broadcasting studio, I stop in at the office at thetop of the stairs. There are a few studentsstanding around, riffling through the paperthat's strewn everywhere: flyers announcing local bands and envelopes spilling thelatest CDs. On the surface, disorder reigns.There are some two million potential listeners within the ten-mile span of WHPK,and I am one of the estimated 50,000 whoactually tune in to the self-proclaimed"Pride of the South Side" in any givenweek. (It's a small number, considering thata big rock station like WXRT has 600,000listeners each week, but a respectablenumber for a college station.) So I alreadyknow that weekday afternoons are a mix oftalk and international shows, followed byclassical programs. There's rap some nights,Radio Dada late on Tuesdays, and hour afterhour of jazz on the weekends. To keeptrack of all this, I use the WHPK schedule.Unfortunately, I'm never up at four or fivein the morning to hear shows like GirfyShow XXX— or "Thad Will Have the RoastPork, I Will Just Have My Brenda" —although I may take up fishing at dawn justto have the excuse.Andrea Laiacona, a second-year just starting her year-long tenure as station manager,has warily agreed to my request to hang outand discover what takes place off the air. It'snot that Laiacona isn't nice. She is, very,despite her guardedness. But as the personwho makes the day-to-day decisions aboutwhat takes place at the station, she also hasan air of almost fierce responsibility. Theradio station has an extremely diversegroup of deejays, and since Laiacona waselected by a vote from the entire stationmembership I think she's hoping that Iwon't fetishize WHPK, by, for example,writing out only the names of rock showsthat air between 1 a.m. and 1 p.m. Did 1mention Label Wlwres?First, I learn some bare facts: WHPK isone of the longest-lived student radio organizations in the country, and next year willcelebrate its 50th anniversary. About 40percent of the station's funding, some$20,000, comes from student-activities fees.The rest of the money comes from localsponsors and membership dues ($10 aquarter from each of the 150 members, $5for volunteers). Every year the station runs MakiriEasy listening? The 120 deejays at campiiBy Julie Rigby Illustrat26 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994The self-proclaimed"Pride of the SouthSide," WHPK givesits 50,000 weeklylisteners "somethingthey won't hear anywhere else." LikeSonic Schizophrenia.Waves;tation WHPK would rather be interesting.ns by Richard Thompson a "Beg-a-thon," pleading with listeners forcontributions. Because of FCC regulationson not-for-profit educational radio stations,WHPK allocates a certain amount of time tocommunity-based programming, whichrefers more to the substance of a programthan who produces it. The station meetsthese requirements with public affairs, cultural, and educational programs, and byrunning two public service announcementseach hour. One day I heard someone askinglisteners to do what they can to save themanatees, but it's usually more sober, standard fare.Laiacona makes a few introductions, andeveryone in the room says essentially thesame thing: If you are going to write aboutWHPK, make it clear that assistant musicdirector Jamison Duffield rules."He defines the fashion sense," I'm told."He has the best name in rock-and-roll," Ihear."It's amazing that a freshman could comein and take over," starts one story about theamazing moment when Duffield, applyingto be a deejay, turned in his playlist alongwith a copy of the fanzine he writes."Jamison is God."And so I wonder: Why did they makeJamison God? Their insistence that thissmall-boned first-year, smiling sheepishlydown at his feet, is WHPK's all-powerfulJabba the Hutt seems a bit too insistent.Duffield's main duty, as far as I can tell, is tohelp music director Rob Lim keep up therecord library and preview new releases,weeding out obscenities and bad music. Isuspect they've concocted this Jamison theology to throw me off-scent, perhaps worried that I'm going to ask them idioticquestions about Generation X.Still, I've never dined with deity, so Iaccompany Duffield and Steve Laymondownstairs to Hutchinson Commons. Theyare going "on the Jammy," eating theirshare of the five meals that Morry's cafeteriagives the station every day as part of itssponsorship arrangement. I'm assured thatdeejays don't fight over who gets to go onthe Jammy, but I can't swear to this. Most ofthem look skinny enough to fight for food.Laymon, a graduate student in politicalscience, recounts the adventures of severalWHPK staffers when they took their band,Sput, to Athens, Georgia. In the middle ofthe night, the gang decided to go over tothe University of Georgia's radio station,where they ran into WUOG's programdirector.Laymon brought back this report from thefield: "They don't even have a philosophy."Duffield looks surprised for a second, thengoes back to eating his fries.I fall right in. "Does WHPK have one?"University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 27"We give our listeners something theywon't hear anywhere else," Laymon says.It is not the last time I am to hear talk ofthis philosophy. It applies to every format atWHPK, from the news coverage to the classical, folk, and rap programs — even to itscorrespondent's reports from Wrigley Field.But for rock deejays, it's a matter of faith.As with any other religion, there are thefundamentalists and the reformists. At rockformat meetings, they typically battle overwhether Yo La Tengo can be on the radionow that they've signed with a major recordlabel. Fundamentalists say only bands putout by independent labels should be played.Weeding outobscenities andbad music, WHPKassistant musicdirector JamisonDuffield rules."Jamison," says afellow deejay,"is God." Others are less purist, insisting only on"good music." Both sides shrink from anything that reeks of commercialism. As onerock deejay assures me, "We've all readMarx."Laymon concedes that, as everyone ispretty much in agreement, "we are left withdebating nuances."I push Duffield, but, as God, he can't takesides.Everybody loves a conspiracy"Who's on after me? Where's who's afterme?"It's 3:30 on Monday afternoon, and Timothy Liu, the host of Chinese Pops, is gettinga bit anxious. He lets a syrupy Chinese pop CD run on while he waits for the nextshow's host. I ask for a translation of thelyrics. It's being sung in English. "It is kindof hard to tell sometimes," Liu admits.Thirty seconds later, Chris Roth slidespast Liu into the tiny broadcast booth. It's ajump from Chinese pop to space aliens, butthis kind of transition is common atWHPK. Roth, a subdued grad student inanthropology, has been setting up thephone connection with a UFO expert inCalifornia. Today we're going to hear a psychologist who works with people whoclaim to have been taken aboard spaceships."Do they seem to think the aliens are badnews?" Roth asks him.Despite the sensationalistic topic, InAdvance of the Landing is a long, longway from Geraldo. Roth and cohostChris Holmes, a gregarious fourth-year,might not believe everything theirguests tell them, but they also don'tthink the topic is ridiculous. Indeed,they find it interesting."After a while you realize that peoplearen't doing it as a hoax, but are tryingto explain their experiences to themselves," says Holmes. This uncriticalapproach has gained Roth and Holmesinterviews with most of the big guns inUFOlogy since the show started in thefall of 1992. Tapes of these interviews,which circulate among the UFO community, sometimes have quite a longhalf-life.According to polls, nearly half of allAmericans believe there is intelligent lifein outer space. In that case, In Advanceof the Landing, one of just two weeklyUFO shows in the country, is filling avacuum. The two hosts met whenHolmes, who used to do a show on conspiracy theories, interviewed Roth —who cites evidence that the U.S.government has worked hard to showthat it isn't interested in aliens. "If extraterrestrials or non-human intelligences arevisiting people," says Roth, "the invisibilityin the mainstream press shows a cover-up."Holmes is writing his honors paper on thecultural nature of alien experiences, such asthe hairy dwarves of South America or theRussian giants. Roth has been studying thediscourse on UFOs and aliens for years —but he is definitely not going to write hisdissertation on aliens. "This is so taboo inacademia."There's nothing like an academicapproach, however, to help you keep astraight face. The only times Holmes recallslosing it on air was when a guest who'ddone some traveling was asked to describethe aliens in the Sirius system. "Well," hebegan, "they don't have tails."28 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994Deejayz 'n the hoodI'm sitting in the office one afternoon,watching the flow of bodies, when J. P.Chill, one of WHPK's three rap deejays,comes in to check his mailbox. He's out inan instant, leaving me only with the impression that he looks very buttoned-up. Thestudent I was just talking to asks if I'mgoing to write that J. P. Chill is white.For a minute, I think I'm onto something — maybe I've tapped into the anxiousunderbelly, found a point of contentionbetween the radio station and the surrounding community. I've assumed there has tobe one, that there's an inevitable potentialfor tension whenever the University-havesinteract with the community-have-nots. Itmakes sense that if there is friction, it mightbe race-related.But everyone, black and white, that I askabout this dismisses the student's concern.Vernon White, program adviser for studentactivities, cites an article in The GavinReport, a trade paper for radio stations,showing that, within the station's broadcasting radius, WHPK's rap shows reachmore than 70 percent of the black malepopulation between 14 and 25. Most of J. P.Chill's listeners probably already know he'swhite, and it doesn't seem to matter.That's not to say that the station has nothad skirmishes with some forces in thecommunity. In February 1993, AldermanRobert Shaw demanded that the City Council ask the FCC to investigate WHPK, aftera deejay played "Sensuous Black Man," a20-year-old musical monologue by comedian Rudy Ray Moore that had been playedon WHPK for over a decade. Most peoplewould agree that the explicitly sexual pieceis raunchy stuff; the question came down towhether the station had a First Amendmenttight to broadcast it. The City Council resolution sponsored by Shaw — who earliermade news with a protest against a Schoolof the Art Institute show that included portraits of Chicago's late mayor Harold Washington in panties — passed 35 to 3, but thedispute went nowhere, and no action wasever taken by the FCC. The whole affairwas "a standard publicity stunt," says program director Ian Roffman, and had nothing to do with true community relations.As one of the few stations in Chicago toplay hard-core rap, WHPK has also comeunder attack in the heated debate overexplicitly violent music. But again, noformal complaint has ever been lodged, andthere are no plans to change the station'spolicy. In fact, while the FCC forbids thebroadcast of any "obscene" material before8 p.m., the station's own guidelines aremore stringent. Any deejay who played a risque song before 10 p.m. would quicklybe yanked off the air.We are familyMany of WHPK's non-student deejays,including several of the jazz hosts, havebeen on the air for ages, giving the station acontinuity that a flow of undergrads can'tprovide. While non-student members don'thave voting privileges, the student stationmanagers and program directors often seekout the opinions and guidance of the oldhands.Roffman, the program director, worriesthat he's being corny, talking so muchabout how the station's staff — who range inage from 17 to over 70 — feel like one big music. Bailey talks to the 7-year-old aboutBob Marley. "This show is a labor of love,"he says when he hangs up. "It's an opportunity to offer the greatness of African culture." He puts on Miriam Makeba'shaunting song "Welela," and starts togather up his CDs and records.In the record library, a toddler is runningaround pulling the alphabetizing foldersfrom the record stacks, something sure topiss off jazz and rock deejays the next day.Her father and mother have driven in fromout near O'Hare to visit with the hosts ofthe Haitian program, which is on next.Like Cubs and Sox fans, the Haitian community in Chicago is divided between theNorth and the South Side, and the South-Sider Haitians are involved with Vwa Lakayfamily. But that doesn't stop him fromtelling me the Passover Haggadah storyabout the evil son, whose evilness lies intalking about "you" versus "we."Roffman's not the only one to get so lyrical. In fact, the familial nature of the radiostation is the only topic about which Laiacona, the reticient station manager, getsclose to ebullient. "All of the deejays arecommunity members; some happen to bestudents." All, she says, are "characterizedby a love of diversity."On Saturday afternoons in this big love-fest, Art Bailey, the non-student host for 15years of Radio Babylon, plays the music ofthe African continent and the diaspora.Today a woman calls from South Shore tosay that she's raising her daughter on his (which means "Voice from Home") in waysthat are unimaginable to the average listener — and inaccessible, since the show isbroadcast in French and Creole. Radio isbig in Haiti: Many Haitians are illiterate ordon't have TVs, and this carries over to VwaLakay. Birth, death, marriage, and otherlocal announcements are read over the air,as well as news from Haiti and around theworld.People often stop by when Vwa Lakay isbroadcasting. WHPK was the only station to broadcast live returns fromJean-Bertrand Aristide's 1990 election, andon that day the studio was full of celebrants.Vwa Lakay was also the first to interviewthe Haitian president in his exile.Patrick Augustin. the show's host from itsUniversity of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 29beginning in 1986, is a friendly, lopingman — during my visit he's playing musicand bopping around the studio. CohostDartigue Gilet, who came on more recently,is a little more reserved. Over the next twoand a half hours, they call up correspondents in Haiti, Miami, New York, andBoston, paying for the long-distancehookups on their calling cards.Although the impetus for the show camefrom an organization of exiled Haitians, itsfounder, William Leslie Balan-Goubert,insists that the show is a cultural programfor Haitians on the South Side, and not thearm of any political faction. While politicsare debated, sometimes hotly, Balan-Goubert believes that keeping the show non-political provides for its continuity."Politics in Haiti are ephemeral," he says."The Haitian community is already fragmented enough."% sArkansas Red hasbeen playing theblues at WHPK since1985. The gospelaccording to Red issimple: "I amArkansas Red. Theone. The only." I v Arkansas RedThe locally legendary blues deejay ArkansasRed tells me that if 1 want to talk to him, Iwill have to do it on the air. Now. At thestart of his Saturday evening show, I findmyself sitting before a microphone, wearingheadphones, next to a man who is proclaiming his own resurrection. "I amArkansas Red. The one. The only. I am he.That was dead, but now I am alive."I'm nervous about being on the air, butRed reassures me that "even President Clinton and Hillary were nervous in my company." He says he never gets nervous. "I actlike this in the presence of prime ministersand sheiks." His business card says he is"The Fabulous and Gorgeous 'Blues Man.'" Sometimes Red — who moved to Chicagoin the 70s and in 1985 "just came over tothe station and asked for a show" — singsalong with the music, or talks over it. Listeners like his banter, they like Red, and theconversations he has with callers are personal — and surprisingly specific. He'll askone caller about a relative in the hospital;tease another about whether her policemanboyfriend is waiting out in the car. At onepoint he stops the music to play a tape ofpeople, men and women both, saying thathe is fine, he is beautiful. A woman namedRobin calls up and tells him that she'dthought he'd be fat, but she met himrecently, and he's handsome.Red, who lives on the South Side, hasongoing feuds with some of the localpreachers. He likes to make fun of them onhis show, mocking the way they talk andsome of the more outrageous fire-and-brfm-stone sermons."I have people stationed at all of thesefunny places," says Red. Lately he's beenplaying a clandestinely recorded tape of apreacher warning his congregation of theevils of swimming, makeup, and listeningto music in bars. The preacher also lays intoArkansas Red, who laughs it off. "This mancame after me like a mad dog, salivating atthe mouth, telling people that I'm a devil." Isuggest that Red might consider himself acounter-preacher, and he likes the sound ofthis."That's right, I'm a counter-preacher." Heplays some more music, and we take a callfrom the deacon of another church, who isa big fan and a friend of Red's.There's somewhere I need to be, but it'shard to leave this place. Walking out of thestudio, I step over a pack of rockers who aresitting on the hallway floor talking aboutacupuncture. From the smell of it, they arealso giving each other foot massages witheucalyptus oil.Sure, the students and other deejays atWHPK may go on a bit about their defiantlynon-commercial philosophy and the station's diversity. Most of them are so loath toact as if they are selling the station — and byextension themselves — that they are eagerto resist any marketing label. I wasn't aboutto buy them out, and Ted Turner's notinterested, but if he were, I bet he'd be wonover by their earnest self-deprecation.Even Arkansas Red, that master of self-promotion, demurs when pressed to saywhat he's about. "I just play music, tell thehusbands to be nice to their wives, and thekids to obey their parents."Julie Righy is a freelance writer who lives inHyde Park and writes for Lingua Franca,Playboy, and the Chicago Tribune.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994I westkaiionsTop Quark QuestAfter years of mining thesubatomic world, physicistsfind signs of a rare — andcrucial — elementary particle.This spring, a 17- year-long search hitpay dirt: A 440-person collaborationat Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory found the first strong evidence of thetop quark — the missing piece in physics'"standard model" of matter. When theexperiment finally panned out, an international team of scientists had uncovered anelusive subatomic particle of amazingmass — nearly as heavy, in fact, as an atomof gold.The evidence constitutes a triumph forphysics. Long predicted to exist, the topquark is one of 12 indivisible, point-likeparticles that are, according to the standardmodel, the building blocks of all matter.These building blocks include six types ofquarks and six particles called leptons, all ofwhich have antiparticles. Previous researchdiscovered the other 11 particles, and muchof theoretical physics and cosmology relieson the belief that the top quark also exists."The top quark has been for a long timethe missing link in the standard model,"Chicago physicist Melvyn Shochet, a co-spokesperson for the team, said at an April26 press conference announcing the news."If our picture was correct, then it had to bethere."Everyday matter uses just three kinds offundamental particles: "up" and "down"quarks — which form the protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei — and electrons, atype of lepton. It is believed that the topquark hasn't occurred naturally since thefirst nanoseconds after the big bang beganthe universe, so physicists recreated thoseultrahigh temperatures using Fermilab'sTevatron, the most powerful accelerator inthe world.Within its four-mile ring, the Tevatronaccelerates protons and antiprotons to Mighty microscope: Eermilab's 5,000-ton Collider Detector spots clues of the top quark.nearly the speed of light, then sets them ona collision course. Ground zero is the towering Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF),which Shochet and his collaborators usedto examine the collisions' outcomes.At impact, the particles' momentum istransformed into mass, as described by Einstein's E = mc2 connection between matterand energy. The result is a shower of newlycreated particles. But even though the Tevatron produces 250,000 proton-antiprotoncollisions per second, evidence of topquarks is rarely observed. Out of roughly atrillion collisions observed from August1992 to June 1993, the researchers saw just 12 possible top quarks.In fact, the contribution of Chicago'squark prospectors, says Shochet, was todesign the CDF's "trigger" hardware, whichscaled down the gargantuan task of dataanalysis by screening out most of the uninteresting collisions, leaving 16 millionevents. Since the top quark decays almostimmediately into other particles — some ofwhich decay further — physicists scannedthese events not for the quark but for itssignature pattern of decay products.After eliminating all but 12 candidates,the collaborators spent nearly a year studying the data and checking for errors.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 3 1Shochet explains, "We had to carefullyinvestigate the possiblity thai [the events]could be other, less interesting processesthat were mimicking top."The group has yet to officially "claim" adiscover)' — despite only 400-to-l odds of amisiake. "Even with 99.75 percent likelihood, it's still appropriate to say 'evidence,'" says Henry Frisch, a U of Cprofessor of physics and, like Shochet, amember of the CDF team since its inception in i977. "It's the natural conservatismof scientists."Confirmation, says Shochet, should comewith another year's worth of data. For now,the experimenters place the quark's mass at174 billion electron volts, making it easilythe most massive particle known — about40,000 times that of a garden-variety "up"quark. Since heavier particles take moreenergy to create, producing a top quarkrequires protons and antiprotons withspeeds nearly at the limit of the Tevatron'scapability. As one CDF scientist said, it's asif two tennis balls hit and a bowling ballpopped out.Why is the top quark so heavy? Physicistsmay not know until they can explain theorigin of mass — the same question that ledto building the Superconducting SuperSearching for top: physicist Melvyn Shochet.Collider, the $ll-btllion accelerator thatCongress canceled last October. The nextstep, says Frisch, is to produce the manymore quarks needed for a detailed study.That should happen after 1998, whenFermilab completes a new, $229-millionaccelerator that will boost the Tevatron'sparticles to still higher energies. "Weregard this as the beginning of an exploration in a totally new region," he says,"rather than the closing of a door."Physicisis still glum over the SSCs fatecan lake heart in Fermilab's achievement.which comes just as Congressional committees decide fiscal year 1994-95 fundingfor tite national labs. A week after the announcement, Shochet laughs about theblizzard of calls he received from nationalreporters covering the story. "The presscoverage," he says, "has been pretty goodfor science."New Jobs, Old MythsTHE EXPERTS CITE DIFFERENT NUMBERS,but the story stays the same. In thepast decade, small businesses havecreated "two-thirds," or "80 to 85 percent,"or "virtually all" of the new jobs in thiscountry. The role of small business seems aheartwarming example of American individualism: David beats Goliath by dint ofentrepreneurial ingenuity. It's a point ofeconomics on which even Bill Clinton andBob Dole agree — along with plenty of newspaper columnists and talk-show mavens.There's only one problem with the story.It's wrong. Small businesses, says U of Ceconomist Steven J. Davis, have no specialclaims to job-creating ability — certainly notin the manufacturing sector, and probablynot in other areas of the U.S. economy.This surprising conclusion comes from a16-year retrospective analysis of manufacturing employers conducted by Davis, anassociate professor of business economics,and colleagues John Haltiwanger of theUniversity of Maryland and Scott Schuh ofthe Federal Reserve Board. According tosome economists, the study, based on a U.S.Census Bureau longitudinal database, is themost careful look so far at job creation andjob destruction in the United States.Small businesses, says Davis, create — anddestroy — manufacturing jobs at highergross rates. But in total numbers, largeemployers play a bigger role, whether measured by gross change (the number of jobsadded) or net change (jobs added minusjobs lost). The reason is straightforward: Bigbusiness accounts for most of the manufacturing employment base.During the survey period of 1973 to 1988,for example, manufacturers with fewer than50 employees created only one in five newjobs. Firms with at least 500 workersaccounted for more than half of the grossjob creation. Nearly three-quarters of newjobs stemmed from plants averaging at least100 employees.Why, then, the overheated rhetoric aboutsmall business? Previous studies, writeDavis, Haltiwanger, and Schuh, were flawedby "statistical fallacies and confusions."Large employers that had shrunk, forinstance, often were counted as "new" smallbusinesses. And figures emphasized net jobgrowth, which hides the many jobs createdby some large employers behind the layoffs of other empolyees.By contast, gross creation-destructionnumbers reveal the "reshuffling of jobopportunities," explains Davis. "What's relevant is not whether there are 10,000 morejobs being created in services than in manufacturing, but rather how many new jobsare being created in services, how manynew jobs in manufacturing."Prior studies also often relied on whatDavis calls the U.S. Small Business Administration's "overly expansive" definition ofsmall business: companies with fewer than500 employees. "[A firm with] five hundredemployees is a tens-of-millions-of-dollars-per-year type of operation," he points out."It certainly doesn't coincide with mostpeople's image of small business." In contrast to that definition, most federal lawsand regulations place the small-businesscutoff at 50 employees.If mom-and-pop enterprises aren't theengine of job creation, he says, then government can't use that reason to justify theirpreferential treatment, such as lower taxesand exemptions from laws like the Familyand Medical Leave Act. The advice of Davisand his colleagues: Rather than let economic policy favor particular employers —in practice, they say, whichever groupwields more clout — the government shouldsupport "neutral, untargeted policies."Moreover, they conclude, a focus on jobcreation neglects the issue of job quality.Large employers offer better job security fornew hires and veterans — not to mentionbetter wages, benefits, and working conditions. Larger firms also offer more task-specific training, Davis notes. "That creates anincentive for both workers and firms to preserve the employment relationship."The study — to be published this fall as achapter in Labor Economics, EmploymentPolicy and fob Creation (Westview Press) —has ruffled a few feathers. In newspaperreports, the Small Business Administrationhas criticized it as limited only to manufacturing. Davis isn't fazed: "That [criticism] isactually missing one of the main points ofour study, which is that there are methodological problems with previous studies,whether they're done on manufacturingdata or non-manufacturing data."II, as hoped, he and his colleagues conduct a similar analysis of new jobs in theservice sector — where there are proportionally more small employers — Davis is fairlyconfident that the basic conclusions won'tchange.Non-economists, of course, may haveemotional reasons for prizing small businesses. Those feelings, he speculates, stemin part from the country's economichistory. "We have this legacy of many32 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994This summer's biggest hit: A piece of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, shown in cross section, enters Jupiter's cloud layer in a computersimulation. About one second and 30 miles later (right), it explodes. Colors represent increasing density, from blue to white to red.people — either themselves or their parentsor grandparents — being involved in smallbusinesses or the family farm. It's kind oflike: Mom, apple pie, and small business."A Cosmic EndONE OF THE GREATEST SHOWS ON EARTHnext month won't be happening onEarth at all. But the spectacle — thefirst predicted collision of a comet and aplanet in this solar system — won't go unnoticed: On July 16, many of the world'slargest telescopes will watch as periodiccomet Shoemaker-Levy 9 smashes intoJupiter. The comet, which is fragmented ina string of more than 21 pieces, will continue bombarding Jupiter for several days.For astronomers, the event is an unprecedented chance to study the solar system'slargest planet. "We've never seen anythinglike this," says U of C astronomer Morde-cai-Mark Mac Low, "and we probably won'tsee another in our lifetime."The comet's target has much to do withthe intense scientific attention it's receiving.Enveloped in a heavy cover of ammoniaclouds, Jupiter's lower atmosphere is terraincognita to optical astronomers. Mac Low,research associate in astronomy and astrophysics, says the comet will act as a probe,lifting deeper material above the clouds,where scientists can observe and characterize it for the first time. Shock waves from the impact may also give clues aboutJupiter's interior — just as earthquakes carryinformation about the Earth's core. Dustand ice crystals remaining in the stratosphere after the impact may trace the windsin the transparent layer above the clouds.Soon after the comet was first spotted lastyear, Mac Low — who studies astrophysicalgas dynamics — joined with Kevin Zahnle,an expert in planetary impacts, to investigate the cosmic collision. He and Zahnle,based at NASA's Ames Research Center inCalifornia, have devised a computer modelof the comet's final moments. Their predictions are good news to fellow astronomers,who worried that the comet would make apoor planetary probe if — as some earlymodels predicted — it dissipated quietly intothe Jovian atmosphere.Instead, as Mac Low recently explained inthe University's newspaper, the Chronicle,"We predict that the comet will explode.The comet will fragment, vaporize, andrelease its tremendous kinetic energy relatively quickly. The resulting explosion willbe as energetic as 200,000 tons of TNT —larger than the world's combined nucleararsenal."Brightly colored computer animationsbring his words to life. On screen, a simulated one-kilometer comet fragment hitsJupiter's atmosphere at more than 130,000mph, travels about 50 miles below thecloud layer, then explodes, driving a fireballup through the clouds. According to Mac Low, a plume extending beyond Jupiter'sclouds will be detectable on Earth (though,unfortunately, not to most backyard astronomers). Just how much material will bevisible depends heavily on the size anddensity of the comet's fragments — twovalues that remain uncertain. While thepieces may be as big as five kilometers, MacLow adds, there's a slim chance that they'llturn out to be "just dust and boulders."Because the comet is headed toward thefar side of Jupiter, the only direct observersof the event will be NASA's space probesGalileo and Ulysses. About 40 minutes afterthe comet hits, the impact site will rotateinto the planet's sunlit side to face the waiting telescopes on Earth.Intact, Shoemaker-Levy 9 has probablyorbited Jupiter for decades in a long,skinny ellipse. When it made a close passin July 1992, the planet's gravitationalforces pulled it apart. Months after thecomet's discovery by Carolyn and EugeneShoemaker and David Levy, astronomerscalculated that its current orbit was aimeddirectly at Jupiter's southern hemisphere.If Mac Low and Zahnle's model provesaccurate, their work could be useful inmaking predictions about any comet orasteroid headed toward Earth. With modifications to account for differences in gravity and atmosphere, says Mac Low, "ourmodel could tell us how big a rock has tobe before we have to worry about it."Celestial wanderers the size of Shoe-University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 33CitationsLaw and Equity. The mid-1980s saw an "explosion" of feminist theory in many areasof academia, says Mary E. Becker, JD'80, yet textbooks presenting a woman's perspective on legal issues are rare. Becker, a professor in the Law School, gives an example: Law students could study the issue of rape without ever reading a text that asks"whether or not traditional [consent]standards are a male view of what rapeis, instead of an unbiased view." Fillingthis gender gap is Cases and Materials onFeminist Jurisprudence: Taking WomenSeriously, which Becker has cowrittenwith Cynthia Grant Bowman of Northwestern University and Morrison Torreyof DePaul University. The book coversfeminist legal theory using recent casedecisions as well as essays on feminism.Feminist Jurisprudence addresses topicsof constitutional equality, marriage anddivorce, women and children, sexualharassment, pornography, and educa- Joining law and feminism: Mary Becker.tion. "The pervasive theme in this bookis that there are many types of feminism," says Becker, who hopes to teach a coursebased on the book. "We can use these theories not just as a single tool, but as a batteryof weapons to gain a more profound and inclusive understanding of equality."1 hat Price Sex? Can a cost-benefit analysis be used to study the sexual behavior ofpopulations? Yes, according to Private Choices and Public Health: The AIDS Epidemic in an Economic Perspective. Authors Tomas J. Philpson, an assistant professor ofeconomics, and federal judge Richard A. Posner, a senior lecturer in the Law School,examine measures like HIV testing and public-health predictions of the spread of AIDS.Their analysis: People rationally weigh the "cost" of safer-sex practices against the "benefit" of avoiding risky sexual behaviors. By ignoring the effect of such cost-benefitincentives on informed individuals, standard predictions — the authors contend— mayoverestimate future AIDS cases.Poet Power. Was it art for art's sake, or just quid pro quo?Exploring the circumstances behind the works of Virgil,Ovid, Horace, and their contemporaries is Peter White'sPromised Verse: Poets in the Society of Augustan Rome (Harvard).A professor of classical languages and literatures, White examines the relationship between poets and the rich, politically connected men — including Augustus himself — who sponsoredthem. Far from turning poetry into political propoganda, theserelationships, he finds, were more equal and less formal thangenerally assumed. In contrast, says White, "the current modelof 'patronage' is too much a one-way model, with the wealthyperson directing the artist."Iaining on Pain. Just three years ago, scientists thought no one could improve onlone of the world's most popular drugs: aspirin. No longer, says Michael Garavito,assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biology. After six years of work, he and colleagues have discovered the three-dimensional structure of one of twoenzymes targeted by aspirin and similar drugs likeibuprofen. Both produce messenger molecules calledprostaglandins, but aspirin affects each enzyme differently — causing pain and inflammation relief in one case,and stomach upset (and, on the good side, lowered riskof stroke) in the other. Garavito's work, reported inNature, could lead to drugs that bind to just one of theAt long last: aspirin's target, enzymes, yielding arthritis relief without side effects. maker-Levy 9 reach Earth on average every100,000 years, and that's good news toEarthlings. While the long-term effect ofShoemaker-Levy 9 may be trivial on a hugeplanet like Jupiter, which is 318 times asmassive as Earth, a similar comet strikingus, notes Mac Low, "would be a continentkiller."Stalin's legacyRussia isn't exactly racing towarddemocracy. One stumbling blockthat Westerners underestimate, saysSheila Fitzpatrick, is attitude. "There is nowork ethic in Russia," explains the professor of history. "But there is a kind of dependency ethic, an assumption that peoplehave the right to a job, regardless of theircontribution or performance."In a new book, Fitzpatrick chronicleswhat she sees as a major influence on Russian society's current attitude of inertia: theforced collectivization of farming during the1930s Stalin era. Published by Oxford University Press, Stalin's Peasants: Resistanceand Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization draws on peasants' personalaccounts of pre-war Russian village life,including recently released letters fromstate archives — originally written toKrest'ianskaia gazeta, a Soviet newsletterpopular in rural areas.To peasants, says Fitzpatrick, collectivization seemed the imposition of a new serfdom. The state confiscated their land, tools,and animals (which also represented theirtransportation), and dictated which cropsto plant.Forced to work for low wages, many peasants found ways to avoid their duties.Others left to find work in the cities, wherethey brought their indifference to jobs instate-run factories. Most, writes Fitzpatrick,became "contemptuous of any notion ofpublic good, suspicious of energetic andsuccessful neighbors, endlessly aggrieved atwhat [the bosses] were doing, but virtuallyimmovable in the determination not to doanything for themselves."Since then, she says, a resistance to change,including democratic reforms, has spreadamong Russians. People are now asked tosacrifice to help generate improvementspossible through democracy — the samehardship that Stalin demanded of peasantsto make socialism work. "Russians," saysFitzpatrick, "think that 'democracy' and'market reforms' are just the latest foreignideas that 'they' — the leaders — have fallenin love with."34 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 — Written and compiled by Andrew Campbell.A lumni ChronicleNeal leads alumni boardLinda Thoren Neal, AB'64, JD'67, heads anew team of Alumni Association officerselected at the April meeting of the AlumniBoard of Governors. Neal, who has servedon the board for six years, succeeds WilliamC. Naumann, MBA'75, whose term expiresJune 30.In accepting the position, Neal praised BillNaumann's leadership: "I've never knownthe board to be stronger in terms of themakeup of its members or more active in itscommitment to the University," she said,pledging her own commitment to build onthe board's accomplishments."Our role as alumni is to enhance thewell-being of the University," she said. Atthe same time, she noted, the board "has areal opportunity to strengthen the University's perception of the value of its alumni."Three other board members were alsoelected to leadership positions: Bob Levey,AB'66, vice president; Michael J. Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76, secretary; and Gregory G. Wrobel, AB'75, JD'78, MBA'79,treasurer.Neal, a Chicago attorney in private practice, has long been active in University andalumni affairs. Cochair of the Class of 1965reunion committee in 1990, she spearheaded the Alumni Association's Centennial Show, Miracle on 59th Street, in June1992. Currently a member of the Women'sBoard of the University and the Law SchoolVisiting Committee, she also chaired theLaw School's record-breaking 1991-92annual-fund drive.Bob Levey, who was elected to the AlumniBoard of Governors in 1992, is a Washington Post columnist who also hosts a radiotalk show in Washington, D.C. Levey hasbeen involved in the College's recruitmentefforts for 25 years, serving as an activemember of his local Alumni Schools Committee. Helping to organize the 25threunion of his class in 1991, he was also theco-organizer of a successful Maroon"reunion-within-a-reunion" in 1992.Mike Klingensmith, who joined the boardin 1992, lives in New York City, where he isthe publisher of Entertainment Weekly. Aschair of the University of Chicago Magazine'sadvisory committee, he has used his profes- Woman at the top: Linda Thoren Neal,AB'64, JD'67, will lead the alumni board.sional experience to help the Magazinegauge how well it is meeting its readers'needs.Greg Wrobel, a partner in the Chicago lawfirm of Vedder, Price, Kaufman &Kammholz, has worked with the localalumni club since 1980 and continues toserve as a member of the UC2MC board. Hehas also been a consistent Alumni Association volunteer and is a member of theOrder of the C.All four officers will serve two-year termsstarting July 1 , with Naumann, as past president, remaining on the board another year.Other board changesAlso at its April meeting, the Alumni Boardof Governors said thank you and farewell tothree of its members — and elected one newmember.Leaving the board when their terms endin June are Clifford K. Chiu, MBA'82, ofNew York City; Robert Feitler, X'50, of Milwaukee; and Marshall I. Wais, Jr., AB'63, ofParis.Joining the board on July 1 will beAndrew M. Alper, AB'80, MBA'81. Alper,a partner with Goldman, Sachs & Co. inNew York City, is a longtime Universityvolunteer. A former member of the Graduate Schoolof Business Alumni Association's board ofdirectors, Alper is an active fund-raiser forthe GSB. He also serves on the New Yorkregional committee of the Campaign for theNext Century. With his wife, Sharon SadowAlper, AB'80, JD'84, he was honored at lastJune's reunion with the University's YoungAlumni Service Citation.Real world, real successWhen the subject is jobs, College studentslisten. So when the Student Alumni Association, in cooperation with Career andPlacement Services (CAPS), offered achance to get free food — and career advicefrom alumni in computer design and marketing, law, journalism, consulting, andmedicine — approximately 60 studentsshowed up at Ida Noyes Hall.Organized by fourth-year Drew Sword,"Real World Night" featured five membersof the Alumni Board of Governors, in townfor their board meeting the next day. Theevening began with a buffet dinner. Overdinner and at the two rounds of information sessions that followed, the students —most of whom showed up ready for work inbusiness attire — had plenty of time to network.One measure of the program's success?The Student Alumni Association plans tohold two similar evenings next year, timedto coincide with the alumni board's two on-campus meetings.What's up at the SAAFor the Student Alumni Association, thefirst half of 1994 was particularly busy. Themajor social event of the season was aMarch Gras party, held in late February.The all-University event, held in cooperation with the Council on University Programming (COUP), attracted more than2,500 students.Attended by smaller numbers of studentsbut getting equally good reviews were aseries of student-alumni brunches heldthroughout the winter and spring quarters.The brunches, designed to give faculty, areaalumni, and College students the chance toget to know each other informally, will beexpanded next fall.Leading the SAA next year will be AndreaKoutoulogenis, '95, a Law, Letters, andSociety major from Palos Hills, 111. Joiningher on the SAA executive board are:alumni relations liaison Jeff Streeter, '97;membership coordinator Joanne Bellios,'95; secretary Bob Fischer, '97; social coordinator Ami Shah, '95; and treasurer BryanHeid, '96.University- of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 35C lass NewsWhat's the news? We are always eager to receiveyour news at the Magazine, care of the Class NewsEditor, University of Chicago Magazine, 5757Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. No engagements, please. Items may be edited for space.Please specify the year under which you wouldlike your news to appear. Otherwise, we will list:all former undergraduates (including those wholater received graduate degrees) by the year oftheir undergraduate degree and all former students who received only graduate degrees by theyear of their final degree.William R. Burns, PhB'25, and VirginiaBuell Pope, PhB'25, see 1930, RosalindHamm Harman. Felix Caruso, SB'25, received aplaque from the Order of the C last October, commemorating his accomplishments as the leadingrusher in the Big 10 football conference in 1924,when Chicago won the conference title.MClarinda Brower Burchill, PhB'26, turned90 this past Oclober.Sidney R. Weiner, SB'29, and his wiferecently celebrated their 60th weddinganniversary.M Rosalind Hamm Harman, AB'30, respondsboth to the December/93 inquiry by Virginia Buell Pope, PhB'25, ("Are there still any'quadranglers'?") and to the subsequent answer byWilliam R. Bums, PhB'25, (February/94). Harmanwrites: "Here's one, always eager to hear from anyquadranglers of any year. I am still in Tuscon, AZ,in the same house I purchased over 30 years ago.After over 30 years in the retail business, 1 retired toanother 20 years in real estate. Vision impairmentstopped my work, but 1 am enjoying traveling, dogs,and visiting my son and grandsons in California andWashington state. I'm eager to hear from otherquadranglers." Norman H. Nachman, PhB'30, JD'32,has moved from the firm of Winston & Strawn tobecome a counsel to the corporate and businessgroups at McDermott, Will & Emory in Chicago.Al Julia Mele Codilis, PhB'31, announces that,Wl in addition to craft projects, volunteering,and some traveling, she has become a great-grandmother for the second lime.Albert R. Kramer, PhB'32, an airline executive for 43 years, and his wife, Eva, retired in1976 to Ft. Myers, FL, and spend summers inMartha's Vineyard.M Elizabeth Milchrist Hanlon, PhB'33,AM'37, reports, "1 attended my 60th College reunion last June, and thoroughly enjoyed it —particularly the opportunity to share it with twoold' friends, Betty Hempelmann Stewart, PhB'33,and Betty Jones Borst, PhB'33. Here's hoping wecan get together for the next one!" Esther Feucht-wanger Tamm, PhB'33, enjoyed her 60th reunionlast June and was looking forward to attending the1994 graduation of her granddaughter, IngridTamm, the daughter of Sidney L. Tamm, PhD'66.MJcanncltc Gcisinan Coral, PhB'34, writes thatshe "enjoyed Glacier Bay with a sighting of aIrcc grizzly, a spruce grouse, humpback whales, baldeagles, puffins, harbor seals, and guillemot. Il can bemighty cold in Alaska in July!" Elizabeth Zabelin Dropkin, SB'34, and her husband, Victor H. Dropkin,PhD'40, celebrated their 53rd anniversary this year.Edith Rosenfels Nash, AB'34, reports that reading oldletters from her late husband, Philleo Nash, PhD'37,when they were both students in anthropology in theearly 1930s, "brings the University back in living colorfor an autobiographical project I am currentlyengaged in, following my 80th birthday." PatriciaBonner Tomlinson, AB'34, writes, "It's hard to believeit was 60 years ago that I received my degree! And Iam still very active." William E. Wakefield, PhB'34,hoped to make it to his class's 60th reunion.Kurt Borchardt, AB'35, JD'37, is "happy tohave joined Richard H. Levin, AB'35, JD'37;Byron S. Miller, AB'35, JD'37; and Jeanette RifasMiller, AB'36, JD'37, in beautiful La Jolla, CA."Edwin F. Zukowski, AB'35, JD'36, turned 80 in1993, and continues to play the viola in the University of South Florida Symphony.Qg* Howard D. Doolittle, PhD'36, retired 18UU years ago from Machlett Labs, where hemade X-ray tubes, X-ray image intensifiers, and radioand industrial power tubes. He writes, "We hearfrom Jack H. Steinberger, SB'42, PhD'49, a Nobelistand CERN man. My wife was his technician at RadLab, MIT, 1943-45." Jeanette Rifas Miller, AB'36,JD'37, see 1935, Kurt Borchardt. Myrtle LevinsonNieder, AB'36, and her husband, a retired physician,have four children and 12 grandchildren, six ofwhom live near them in California. Two of theirgrandchildren are in higher education — one at theUniversity of California, Berkeley, and the other atNew York University Medical School. A third graduated from Stanford last June. Margaret Hodo Wal-bum, SM'36, in her 80th year, remembers all thehelpful people at the U of C, including an employment officer and a statistics professor.^MW Dena Polacheck Epstein, AB'37, will be aW m guest speaker at Hampton University, Hampton, VA, describing the history of the banjo at a centennial celebration of Henry Tanner's painting, TheBanjo Lesson. Harriet Dewey May, SB'37, is an activegarden clubber, and her husband, Ernest M. May,PhD'38, recently had a special-education schoolnamed after him. Charlotte Marschak Schoenbrod,AB'37, reports that she has three children, includingNancy, who received a D.Ed, from Columbia University last June, and David, who has written a bookabout Congress, entitled Power Without Responsibility.J. Jerry Jeremy, X'38, retired to Salt LakeCity after serving 40 years with the U.S.Department of Commerce in international trade —where he worked under 18 secretaries of commerceand eight presidents. An avid tennis player, he haswon the California State Senior Doubles Championships in the 60, 65, and 70 age categories. He andhis wife of 53 years, Jaqueline, have four childrenand six grandchildren. Ernest M. May, PhD'38, see1937, Harriet Dewey May. Jerome M. Sivesind,AB'38, reports that he has four children, six grandchildren, and, now, his first great-grandchild.Arnold Crompton, AM'39, received the 1993Thomas Starr King award from the Starr KingSchool for the Ministiy, Berkeley, CA, for his contributions to theological education. For David Kritchevsky,SB'39, SM'42, 1993 was a busy year: In March, he gave the 19th H. Brooks James Memorial Lecture at NorthCarolina State University; in May, he spoke at theSigma Xi dinner at Kansas State University; and in September and October, he lectured in Malaysia and Australia at the 15th International Nutrition Congress, andin Cochen, India at the 4th International Congress onClinical Nutrition. William K. Kuhlman, MD'39,writes that, "at age 77, I find myself the oldest livingmedical practitioner in Colorado Springs, CO."Kenyon College has honored Franklin Miller, Jr.,PhD'39, who taught physics there for 37 years, bynaming a newly constructed observatory after him.Leo Seren, SB'39, PhD'42, writes, "I'm 75 years oldand experiencing my second youth by bicycling andRollerblade skating with my son Samuel, who is 9years old." John R. Van de Water, AB'39, JD'41,reports that — after international relations tasks forthe League of Nations Association, industrial relations services for North American Aviation and Ford,law practice, management consulting and development, as well as professorships and executive andlegal education directorships at UCLA, USC, and SanDiego State University — he undertook several assignments from President Reagan, including chair of theNational Labor Relations Board and counselor to twosecretaries of labor. He now plans to write and consult out of his Anchorage, AK, home.£Lt% Victor H" DroPkin- phD'4°. see 1934, Eliz-^m%M abeth Zabelin Dropkin.^¦1 Elizabeth Evans Price, AB'41, who wasTiB reelected to a two-year term as treasurer of thenational board of directors of Goodwill IndustriesVolunteer Services, works as a volunteer in the corrections department of her local St. Petersburg (FL)Goodwill.«Jack H. Steinberger, SB'42, PhD'49, see 1936,Howard D. Doolittle. Bradley H. Patterson,Jr., AB'42, AM'43, and Shirley DoBos Patterson,SB'43, who first met in Mandel Hall and later marriedin Rockefeller Chapel, celebrated their 50th weddinganniversary in December. After four children and sixgrandchildren, they just became great-grandparentsfor the first rime. Lawrence G. Wamarski, X'42, wholived across the street from Stagg Field during theManhattan Project in 1941—42, writes, "Every day Iwould wonder what they were doing in there."« Bertha Larson Doremus, AM'43, enjoyed herreturn to the SSA last June for the 50threunion. Her clinical faculty appointment in the University of Washington's department of rehabilitationmedicine — in particular, the Post-Polio SyndromeClinic — continues. Robert G. Frazier, PhB'43, SB'45,MD'47, moved from the suburbs into a Chicago loftwith a wonderful view, exciting neighborhood, andgreat space. Frank R. Johnson, SB'43, reports that hehas retired. Shirley DoBos Patterson, SB'43, see 1942,Bradley H. Patterson. Etta Wechsler Pink, AB'43, hasbeen appointed executive director of WITS (Workingin the Schools), a program that enlists volunteers toassist grade school teachers in the classroom.Rudolph M. Stemheimer, SB'43, SM'46, PhD'49,retired in August 1992 from Bookhaven National Laboratory as senior physicist. Mary Colley Stierer,PhB'43, and Robert A. Stierer, AB'43, were featured inan October 24, 1993, article in the Albany (NY) TimesUnion about their 40-year involvement in local government. The couple attended the 50th class reunionlast June. H. Betty Berry von Dallwitz-Wegner,AB'43, and her husband, Wolfgang, spent last winterin Florida, and returned to Munich in April. In 1994,she hopes to visit Chicago and Hinsdale.JtJI Lois Davis Atwood, AB'44, retired after moreTTI than 23 years at Brown University (her finaljob was personnel communications), and now pursues travel, theater, book discussion groups, mountainhiking — Wales, most recently — volunteer work, andpenning "a history in the works." Helen BrundageFisher, AM'44, lives in Abernethy Village, a retire-36 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994ment home in North Carolina, and enjoys the companionship of other residents. Anne M. Macpherson,AB'44, SB'45, AM'54, see 1946, Mary EvansHoughton.At£ Mary Evans Houghton, X'46, would like to^¦w hear from old classmates, particularly AnneM. Macpherson, AB'44, SB'45, AM'54, "a MortarBoard sister," at her home: 3554 Egret Drive, Melbourne, FL 32901-8152. She reports that she livesfive miles from the ocean, and welcomes visitors.Anne Lowald Yondorf, SB'46, teaches "Themes inLiterature" and "The Great Books" at the communityprogram of the University of Southern Maine, andworks for health-care and campaign reform laws.MWg Shelby J. Light, DB'47, is in his 63rd year of^Mm pastoral ministry, the past 18 years on thestaff of ministers at the First Congregational Churchof Long Beach, CA. He makes over 120 calls eachmonth, and is in charge ol Sunday evening vesperservices. Norman L. Macht, PhB'47, has moved toBaltimore, where he's at work on his 20th non-fictionbook: a biography, for teens, of Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas.« Julia Haelig Bradford, AB'48, writes, "As aPennsylvania resident, 1 can and did votefor classmate Harris L. Wofford, Jr., AB'48, for theU.S. Senate." Minna Rodnon Buck, AB'48, presidentof Family Court Judges of New York State, wasreelected to the Onondaga County Family Court fora second ten-year term. Morris J. LeVine, PhB'48,MD'52, has retired from private practice of generalsurgery in St. Petersburg, FL. With his wife, Marilyn Fisher LeVine, PhB'48, SB'50, AM'51, herecently traveled to Israel on an archeological digwith Professor James Stronge of the University ofSouth Florida. Barbara Jacobson Seymour, PhB'48,AM'62, a social worker in private practice specializing in gender-identity counseling in Portland, OR,spoke at the International Foundation for GenderEducation convention in March. Chen Ning Yang,PhD'48, the Albert Einstein Professor and directorof the Institute for Theoretical Physics at SUNY,Stony Brook (and a 1957 Nobel laureate), wasawarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Novemberby the American Philosophical Society.Mfk Peter G. Braunfeld, AB'49, SB'51, took¦!P leave from the mathematics department ofthe University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, toserve as an NSF program officer in teacher education. Michael A. Cann, AB'49, AM'53, who hasretired both from his job at the University of Massachusetts Mental Health Service and from a part-timejob with the Veterans Administration, still doessome psychological consulting. Murray A.Newman, SB'49, retired from the Vancouver Aquarium in March 1993, after heading it for 37 years,and now advises the planning of the NationalMuseum of Marine Biology/Aquarium in southernTaiwan. Herbert H. Neuer, AB'49, retired after representing the Screen Actors Guild, AFTRA, and television and radio performers for more than 35 years.Philip W. Stetson, AM'49, writes that the tentharrondissement of Paris "remains toujours tiesinteressant. 1 think often of my old French I and IIprofessor, Durbin Rowland, X'23, whose naughtyGallic twinkle and spirit led me here — and stillinfuse my life." Caroline E. Van Mason, MBA'49,spent two September weeks in Nizhnekamsk andChelny, Republic of Tartastan, about 600 miles eastof Moscow, consulting with other health professionals on local health-care reforms.Richard F. Hamilton, AB'50, professor ofsociology and political science at Ohio StateUniversity, recently received the school's Distinguished Scholar Award. John H. Reynolds, SM'48,PhD'50, and his wife, Ann, sailed their Nonsuch 30sailboat from Anacortes, WA, to Glacier Bay, AK,and back last summer — "A grand time!" Charles Van Buskirk, AB'51, PhD'59,received the 1992 Distinguished ServiceAward from the Minnesota Psychologists in PrivatePractice. Claire C. Patterson, PhD'51, became professor emeritus at CalTech in December 1992. Barbara Prosser Kerr, AB'51, known worldwide for herwork with practical, alternative energy and herdevelopment of the "Solar Box Cooker," lives in asolar- and wind-powered home in Arizona.Clifford B. Reifler, AB'51, professor of health services and psychiatry at the University of Rochester,has returned from two weeks in Russia, where hestudied plans for the transition from state to insurance health care and provided humanitarian aid tohospitals. Albert C. Svobodajr., AB'51, SB'55,MD'58, secretary of the American College of Gastroenterology, is on the planning committee, chairof the young clinician scholarship committee, andchair of the education-cenler amphitheater programfor the World Congress of Gastroenterology inOctober.Margaret Hammond, AB'52, AM'73, whomoved to London eight years ago, isinvolved with the Society for the Meridian Planetarium at Greenwich. "We hope to build the world'sfirst spherical planetarium and locate it on the southbank of the Thames, near where the Prime Meridiancrosses the river," she writes. Her address, for moreinformation, is: 40 Lower Sloane Street, LondonSW1 8BP, England. Gloria Karasik Kitzler, AB'52,who retired from teaching and volunteers at theMontgomery County (MD) Commission for Women,lives near her two "fun-loving" grandchildren andrecently returned from a two-week trip with her husband, Miles, to Paris and northern France. KennethS. Tollett, AB'52, JD'55, AM'58, introduced a unanimously adopted resolution last June to the AmericanAssociation of University Professors in support of thepreservation of historically black colleges and universities.Cynthia Wood Alexander, AB'53, marriedGlenn Carter on March 27, 1993, and hasmoved from Oakland to Walnut Creek, CA.Melville W. Beardsley, MBA'53, an inventor with22 patents, has developed the Beachbuilder Technique, which he says causes waves to rebuild —rather than erode — beaches. He and his wife, Marie,have been married 50 years. Stanley M. Janikowski,MBA'53, reports: "After 40 years in the wildernessof the business world, I have managed to surviveand retired a year ago. Unfortunately, none of thethree fine companies which employed me have survived — all victims of takeovers. It is very comfortingto know the University of Chicago's style of excellence continues to produce the makers, shakers, andsurvivors of an ever-changing globe and universe."Marjorie Montague Wilson, MD'53, see 1954,Wesley M. Wilson.George Horwich, AM'51, PhD'54, steps downin 1994—95 as the Burton D. Morgan chair forthe study of private enterprise but will continue asprofessor of economics at Purdue University. WilliamT. Hudson, AM'54, retired after more than 43 years ofgovernment service and a career in equal opportunityand civil rights compliance programs — including hisappointment, in 1983, as head of the Department ofTransportation's Office of Civil Rights. Carl Sagan,AB'54, SB'55, SM'56, PhD'60, the David Duncan professor of astronomy and space sciences at Cornell University, has won the National Academy of Sciences'1994 Public Welfare Medal, the academy's highesthonor. Wesley M. Wilson, MBA'54, who is retired,has visited some 110 countries, taking detailed notesabout the history, culture, economics, and politics ofeach. He also completed 13 "total immersion courses"abroad in French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Hiswife, Marjorie Montague Wilson, MD'53, has accompanied him on most of his travels. Norman G. Swenson, AB'55, MBA'61 — president, organizer, and chief negotiator with theCook County College Teachers Union — was featuredin a September 1993 profile in the Chicago Sun-Times.Robert H. Bosch, AB'56, retired as vicepresident at First Bank System, and is nowself-employed as a consultant in bank operations.Charles Mittman, AB'56, SB'57, MD'60, is medicaldirector of the University of California, San Diego,Medical Group (faculty practice plan). RobertaWickersheim Nauman, AB'56, an assistant professor of educational psychology at Northern IllinoisUniversity, De Kalb, cochairs the board of theThresholds in Education Foundation.BR Robert H. Brown, PhD'57, retired in 1985,V m after teaching 15 years at St. Cloud (MN)State College, and 21 years at the University olWyoming, Laramie. A native of Rochester, NY, heearned his B.S. and M.A. degrees, in 1948 and 1949respectively, from the University of Minnesota.Myron J. Jacobson, MD'58, keeps busy aschief of thoracic surgery at the Northport(NY) Veterans Hospital; clinical associate professorat SUNY, Stony Brook; police surgeon for ihe NewYork City police department; and a peer-reviewphysician for the Island Peer Review Organization.Patty Jo Andersen Watson, AM'56, PhD'59,professor of anthropology at WashingtonUniversity in St. Louis, has been appointed an EdwardMallinckrodt distinguished university professor.W Elaine Stilwell Locke, AB'61, went on a concert tour in Sweden, Denmark, and Scotlandlast August with the Vienna (VA) PresbyterianChurch Choir. Susan Fromberg Schaeffer, AB'61.AM'63, PhD'66, is an English professor at BrooklynCollege, where she has taught for 27 years. Sherecently published her ninth novel. Last year, MaryCappellini Slater, AM'61, "became a university lecturer at a stroke when Bristol Polytechnic, whereI've taught for nearly 20 years, transformed itselfinto the University of West England." Her threedaughters are grown up, and she is "thinking of lifeafter retirement: spending time in Mexico learningSpanish, or in Indonesia doing movement work."Robert C. Benson, Jr., SB'62, MBA'67,works as a controller for Washington state'stransportation department. He lives in Olympia, hasa retirement home on the coast near Long Beach,and would enjoy hearing from fellow alumni in hisera. Marianna Tax Choldin, AB'62, AM'67, PhD'79,has been elected president of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. ArthurE. Meinzer, AB'62, conducts research in medicalgraduate psychiatric training and communitymental-health issues at Brookdale Hospital in Brooklyn; serves on the boards of the NYU postdoctorateprogram in psychotherapy and the PsychoanalyticSociety, and has a private practice in New York Cityand New Jersey. He and his wife — also a psychologist — spent last August traveling in India, Malaysia.and Thailand.Louis E. Rosen, JD'62, joined Lord, Bissell &Brook as a partner in the Chicago law firm's corporate and finance practice. Donald C. Ryberg.MAT'62, retired in June 1993 after teaching Russianto high school students for 32 years (25 of them inMinneapolis public schools). John R. Wheeler,MBA'62, retired from the Naval Reserve after 30years of service. He and his wife, Mary, also a captain in the Reserve, were recalled for OperationDesert Storm. The couple lives in New Hampshire.Ira Frnegold, SM'63, MD'63, clinical professor of medicine and adjunct associate professor of pediatrics at the University of MiamiSchool of Medicine, was recently elected \1ce president of the American College of Allergy andImmunology. Miroslav Synek, PhD'63. a facultymember since 1975 in physics and chemistry for theUniversity of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 37division of earth and physical sciences at the University of Texas, San Antonio, is also the author orcoauthor of some 40 scientific publicationsMJagdish P. Dave, AM'60, PhD'64, professorof physical science at Governors State University, received a Faculty Excellence Award.Michael E. Herman, MBA'64, has been elected president of the Kansas City Royals baseball team. Heserves as director, or trustee, of several organizations, including the University of Missouri, KansasCity; Aguron Pharmaceuticals; Seafield Capital;Kansas City Public Television; Boatmens Bank; andthe Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. BarbaraS. Hughes, AB'64, AM'68, has become a shareholderat the Madison law firm of Stolper, Koritzinsky,Brewster, Neider, S.C., where her practice includeselder law, marital property, family, estate planning,and probate. She is also chair-elect of the elder lawsection of the state bar of Wisconsin.Sharon Goldman Rubin, AB'65, AM'66,recently became vice president for academicaffairs at Ramapo College of New Jersey. Althoughshe found it difficult to leave Maryland after 20years, "the challenge was too great to pass up." Herhusband, David, will be opening a New Jerseybranch of the consulting company where he works.Their youngest son, Joshua, is a second-year at theU of C. Louise Woemer, MBA'65, chair and chiefexecutive officer of HCR — a company that provideshome health care as well as research on healthpolicy issues and management consulting servicesin public and private sectors — has been appointed adirector of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York'sBuffalo branch,Sidney L. Tamm, PhD'66, see 1933, EstherFeuchtwanger Tamm.,¦*¦¦ Since 1989, Michael P. Biber, MD'67, hasO ¦ been the medical director of the Center forSleep Diagnostics, a freestanding sleep laboratorythat he co-owns. He also continues a neurologypractice with his hospital affiliation at Beth Israel inBoston. He writes, "If you know a worthy neurologist interested in practice with an academic affiliation, then tell her/him that I'm recruiting." Philip M.Lankford, AB'67, AM'68, PhD'71, joined ChemicalBank's credit card division last September as a vicepresident, heading a group on credit scoring andmarket segmentation. "I never thought I would livecast of New York City, but here I am on Long Island,After 23 years in California, I am suddenly immersedin a different culture... Thank goodness 1 unpackedBronislaw Malinowski's Trobrian Islanders as usefulreading material."MAlan D. B. Bloom, AB'68, has been namedone of the 20 leading attorneys in managedcare in the U.S. by the National Law Journal. Carl H.Lawyer, AB'68, joined the faculty of Southern Illinois University School of Medicine as an assistantprofessor of pulmonary medicine. William L.Richter, AM'63, PhD'68, has been appointed assistant provost for international programs at KansasState University, Manhattan.ML. Patrick Gage, PhD'69, is chief operatingofficer of Genetics Institute, Inc., inAndover, MA. James A. Henson, AM'69, is lookinglor a publisher for his just-completed book ofhumorous short stories set in late-1960s Chicago.Arthur L. Young, MBA'69, of Edina, MN, receivedthe 1993 National Quality Award from the NationalAssociation of Life Underwriters — an honor he hasheld once before»f| David t. Aunc, PhD'70, received the 1993m%9 research award (Forschungsprcis) from theAlexander von Humboldt Foundation in Bonn, Germany. Anne F. Harris, AB'78, who recently tookback her maiden name and moved to the beachsouth ol Boston, works in benefit-plan services atSlate Street Bank and runs a professional resume and career-counseling business from her home. Shereports that "the twins are fine — Bradley just finishing his third year in the U.S. Marines and Ruchellworking in Worcester. Please call 617/925-1071 tochat." Judith D. Kaufman, AB'70, AM'72, PhD'78,was made a full professor of English at EasternWashington University, Cheney. Leonard P. Oliver,PhD'70, former special assistant to the chair at theNEH, now holds a U.S. Soccer Federation "A"coaching license and is director of coaching forWashington, DC.HI! Thomas G. Church, MBA'71, is managingm m director and head of the personal trustdepartment of Continental's Private Bank inChicago. Lawrence R. Sipe, AB'71, has begun a doctoral program in early literacy and children's literature at Ohio State University, and received aResearch and Graduate Council fellowship.HA Marcy A. Arlin, AB'72, is artistic director ofm ^M the Immigrants' Theater Project, which gaveperformances of two plays about life in New York —Identity and the Immigrant Experience and Success inAmerica — for the Brooklyn Historical Society lastwinter. Lawrence P. Berens, MBA'72, is developing aholistic HMO. Joshua A. Fogel, AB'72, was awardedthe Asia-Pacific Special Prize by the Asian AffairsCouncil of Mainichi Shinbun for the Japanese translation of his book, Nakae Ushikichi in China: TheMourning of Spirit (Harvard University Press). Thecompetition was open to all books concerning Japanpublished in Japanese in 1992.Gary F. Moore, AB'72, MBA'73, who works as aplant manager for Wards Cove Packing Company inWashington state, is married with four children (ages9 to 16), and enjoys the outdoor recreation of theNorthwest. Joan S. Reisman, AB'72, was promotedto senior vice president and director in the health-sciences division of Makovsky & Co., a New YorkCity-based public relations firm. Howard N. Spodek,AM'66, PhD'72, received a Great Teacher Awardfrom Temple University, where he is a professor ofhistory and urban studies. The recognition carries a$10,000 cash award. In June 1992, James G. Toscas,AB'72, was appointed executive director of the American Nuclear Society in LaGrange Park, IL.HA Ann Cory Bretz, PhD'73, received a certifi-W *9 cate from the Center for Christian GrowthRetreat Leadership; she will now work in retreatplanning, and train new leaders for the CCG Leadership Academy. Matthew M. Franckiewicz, JD'73,an arbitrator and fact-finder in labor-relations matters, has signed a contract to write a book for theBureau of National Affairs. The book is an outgrowth of his article in the January 1993 issue ofLabor Law Journal, "How to Win NLRB Cases: Tipsfrom a Former Insider." Paul LaViolette, MBA'73,anticipated the spacecraft Ulysses' 1993 interstellardust finding almost ten years earlier in his Ph.D.dissertation and subsequent papers. His thoughts onthe subject appeared in volume 74 of EOS, thenewspaper of the American Geophysical Union.Nancy Lukens, AM'68, PhD'73, is associate professor of Gennan and women's studies at the University of New Hampshire and mother of HannaSophie, age 4. Mady Wechsler Segal, AM'67,PhD'73, has been named the Helen MacGill HughesFeminist Lecturer for 1994 by the Sociologists forWomen in Society. She notes that both she and thelate Helen MacGill Hughes, AM'27, PhD'37, married fellow Chicago sociology Ph.D.s.W Donald C. Johanson, AM'70, PhD'74, wasfeatured on "In Search of Human Origins," athree-part NOVA program in February and March celebrating the 20th anniversary of his f 974 discovery of3.2-million-year-old Lucy, the oldest and most complete skeleton of an erect walking human ancestor yetfound. A companion book, Ancestors: The Search forHuman Origins (Villard) was released in February. nB Carl M. Cohen, AB'75, reports that his third#3 and fourth patents were issued this year:"Not bad for a liberal-arts major." Last year, Stuart J.Sweet, AB'75, MBA'76, started Capitol Analysts Network, a firm that provides American political-riskanalysis to institutional investors. His wife, SusanTysklind Sweet, AB'75, is the regional credit administrator for First Union Bank in Washington, DC,and northern Virginia. Ariel, 10, set the school sit-uprecord, and Miranda, 6, is learning to read and playthe piano.HA Thomas M. Bodenberg, AB'76, MBA'77, is anm w assistant professor of mass communicationand public relations at Boston University's College ofCommunication. James E. Boggan, MD'76, wasrecently promoted to full professor in neurologicalsurgery at the University of California, Davis. Mark S,Brandin, MBA'76, has joined Quick & Reilly in NewYork as executive vice president of advertising andmarketing. "Lisa, my son Will, and I relocated fromPortola Valley, CA, to New York in early spring,"James L. Breeling III, AB'76, MD'80, who has twosons, aged 4 and 2, is the associate chief of medicineat West Roxbury VA Medical Center and a physicianin the infectious-diseases division at Harvard MedicalSchool. Elizabeth S. Colodny, AB'81, marriedWilliam Giddins on November 7, 1993, and hasjoined Citibank in New York City as a vice presidentin human resources. Arlin T. Larson, ThM'69,DMN76, has been elected president of the El PasoInterfaith Community Development Corporation,which sponsors programs for job placement, affordable housing, and community development programson the U.S. -Mexico border. Charles I. Plosser,MBA'72, PhD'76, has been appointed dean of theWilliam E. Simon Graduate School of BusinessAdministration at the University of Rochester.HIV John R. Eichholz, AB'77, lives in Northfieldm m with his wife. Kit, and two sons. He and Kitwork together at Equitable Financial Services asadministrators and investors for pension plans.Amanda Orr Harmeling, AM'77, is a mother of four,trustee of her children's independent school, and ahigh-school soccer coach. Stuart S. Rich, AB'77,SM'82, MD'86, and Jah-Hee Koo, AB'86, were marriedon September 18, 1993, in Truro, MA. ln attendancewere: Mitchell Glass, AB'73, MD77, and David S. Pell-man, AB'81, MD'86. Stuart is an assistant professor ofpsychiatry at Brown University and director of neuropsychiatry at Rhode Island Hospital. Jah-Hee is anarchitect at Richard Meier and Partners. MichaelSinger, AB'77, has been appointed senior manager olcorporate communications for the Federal NationalMortgage Association in Washington, DC¦YQ Arthur D. Durant, AM'78, earned a Ph.D. inm ^B health policy with an emphasis in chemicaladdiction from the Florence Heller Graduate Schoolat Brandeis University in May 1993. Anne FosterHarris, AB'78, see 1970, Anne Foster Harris. Kathi J.Kemper, AB'78, associate professor of pediatrics andhealth services at the University of Washington,Seattle, will take a leave of absence in 1994 to write abook on holistic medical care for children. MargaretM. Smyrski, AB'78, a statistician with AT&T in NewJersey, married Marlin Wusik in April 1993. Theynow reside in Waldwick, NJ. Gregory W. Luntz,MBA'78, has been appointed to the advisory board ofWalsh University, North Canton, OH.HQ Richard D. Barclay, AB'79, AM'83, see*W 1980, Marjorie Edison Barclay. James L.Budd, MD'79, who practices internal medicine inRochester, NY, is president of the Rochester Societyof Internal Medicine, and a part-time member of theclinical faculty at the University of Rochester Schoolof Medicine and Dentistry. Kim A. Robson, AB'79,writes that, "after many years of indecision, my husband and 1 had a baby boy in January 1993. Hisname is Erik Anthony Nickols."38 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994Reformer RabbiOver the past five decades,Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf hasbeen honored — and criticized —for his groundbreaking, sometimescontroversial, work.A small man whose deep, raspy voiceechoes enthusiasm through the hallsof his Hyde Park K.A.M. Isaiah IsraelCongregation, Rabbi Arnold Jacob Wolf isnot to be taken lightly, despite his contagious laughter. Since joiningthe rabbinate in 1948, Wolf,AA'42, has functioned withinthe American Jewish community as not only a spiritual leader, but also a scholar,a deeply committed socialactivist, and, at times, a bitof a gadfly.Born in Chicago, Wolfgrew up on the near-NorthSide and, along with all hisfriends, enrolled at the U ofC when he was 16: "Wenever considered anotherschool." A product of theHutchins College, Wolfrecalls that all of his courses,aside from philosophy andFrench, were required GreatBooks surveys. "I lovedthem. They were pretentious. They were demanding. They were partlyphony." He chuckles. "Theywere wonderful."Wolf left the College earlyto enter rabbinical school, acareer path which he choseat a very young age: "Myfather died when I wasseven. . . .Two of my uncleswere rabbis, and they wereboth very influential in mylife. That was part of it. Andpart of it was: A kid doesn'thave a father, becomes religious. It's fairlynatural."After graduating from Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati — and serving as theNavy's only Jewish chaplain during theKorean War — Wolf returned to Chicago in1957 and established the CongregationSolel, an experimental Reform synagogueon the North Shore. In his 15 years there,Wolf earned a reputation as an innovative,and sometimes controversial, leader. "We tried a lot of things: new liturgies,new social action programs, eliminating barmitzvahs...We had the Chicago Sevenspeak at our congregation, as well as MartinLuther King, Jr. It was an exciting place.Not everything worked, but everything wasworth trying."Wolf established himself as an international pioneer as well; in 1975, he waselected by the American Jewish communityto attend the World Council of Churches inNairobi, Kenya, As the first Jewish delegateto the council, Wolf recalls that he was metby a good deal of opposition — which grewduring his address to the group: "I said,'Jesus, your Christ, was not born in Nairobi,nor in Kansas City, but in the land of Israel,'and I talked about that for a while. Thenthe Primate of Norway got up and said,'Rabbi Wolf is wrong; Jesus was born in thehearts of the believers and only there.'" Hepauses, grinning. "OK, that's an interestingargument, right?"Wolf has, at times, rankled members ofhis own faith as well. As an active memberof the Jewish peace movement in the early'70s, he chaired Breira, a group whichcalled for a two-state solution between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Arguing thatthe West Bank should become the land ofPalestine, Wolf garnered a great deal ofcriticism from within the Jewish community for what was, then, a "very heterodox"position.Since becoming the rabbi of K.A.M. IsaiahIsrael 14 years ago, Wolf has shifted hissocial activism closer to home — particularly to the relationship between Jews andblacks in Hyde Park and beyond. Heobserves that the tension between thegroups is nothing new: "At the height ofthe Civil Rights Movement in the '60s,[Jews and blacks] thought we were moretogether than I really think we were." Wolfattributes this antipathy not to overt racismbut "to a kind of distancewhich is symbolized by Far-rakhan, and which I think isa class difference."As a group, Wolf explains,Jews have been far more economically successful thanblacks. Consequently, thetwo groups are not alwayson the same side. Take federal funding of Israel: "Jewswant the government to send$3-billion a year to Israel. Ican imagine that if I lived inthe black ghetto, I wouldn'tagree with that when I havetrouble getting enough moneyto survive."Aware of the need for bothgroups to make forays intoeach other's world, Wolf hasforged relationships betweenK.A.M. Isaiah Israel and localchurches — including sharedBible classes and anniversarycelebrations of the Emancipation Proclamation. Thesynagogue has also helpedorganize a local soupkitchen, food pantry, and ahighly praised summer program for high school students.Presently editing an anthology of American JewishBn~ .w.1 thought which] he promiSeSwith characteristic enthusiasm, will be"about a million pages," Wolf has focusedmuch of his own scholarship on the intersection between theology and social ethics.He maintains that there must be an inextricable link between Judaism — in fact, anyreligion — and social action. "Religion isn'tjust about thinking something. It's aboutdoing something. And the doing somethingmeans study and it means social action. Youcan't not care." — CAM.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 39M Marjorie Edison Barclay, AB'80, MBA'84,and Richard D. Barclay, AB'79, AM'83, ofGlcndale, CA, both work at ARCO in managementpositions. Daughter Katie "continues to amaze, confuse, and astound us. Al 22 months, she is an expertat handling her parents and is working on teachingus Spanish." Mary F. Lovejoy, MBA'80, has beennamed director of investor relations at Textron, amulti-industry company in Providence, RI, focusingin aerospace technology, commercial products, andfinancial services.WHsin-Cheh S. Chao, MBA'81, joined theUnion Bank of Switzerland, Taipei Branch, asa vice president of corporate and institutional banking. His wife, Karen, gave birth to twin daughters,Peiyen and Peisi, expanding the size of the familyfrom three to five. Elizabeth S. Colodny, AB'81, see1976, Elizabeth S. Colodny. Kenneth E. Mifflin.MBA'81, has joined Anderson Consulting as a partner. Gregory A. Movesian, AM'81, was named director of development in January for the Dian FosseyGorilla Fund, which operates the Karisoke ResearchCenter in Rwanda, Central Africa. Carlos G. Rizowy,AM'75, PhD'81, is now a partner in the law firm ofLevenfeld, Eisenberg, Janger, Glassberg, Samotny &Halper, where he will continue to focus on international and national business transactions. In addition,he was appointed counsel to the Latin AmericanChamber of Commerce and is the proud father of anew daughter, Yael Deborah. Ann S. Stano, PhD'81.dean of the school of education at Gannon University, Erie, PA, was named to the Blue Ribbon SchoolsCommittee of the U.S. Department of Education.Mark P. D'Evelyn, SM'82, joined the GEResearch and Development Center inSchenectady, NY, as a physical chemist. David D.Guilmcltc, AB'82, was elected a principal (shareholder) of Towers Perrin, an international management consulting firm. He is based in the company'sSaddle Brook, NJ, office. Michael S. Jurkash, AB'82,and Carole Randolph, AB'82 — who were reintroduced al their tenth College reunion — were marriedon October 16, 1993, at Bond Chapel by the Rev.Robert E. McLaughlin. In attendance were thegroom's sister, Mary C Jurkash Berick, AB'87, andher husband, Daniel G. Berick, JD'87; James S.Grober, AB'79; Hugo Ahn, AB'82; Thomas C. Beach,AB'82; David A. Glockner, AB'82; Michael M. Mat-tera, AB'82; Barbara J. Green, AB'83; JacquelineHardy Grober, AB'83; Edward F. Mortimore, AB'83,AM'88; Michael F. O'Conner, AB'83, MD'87; Margaret E. Randolph, AB'83; Kathleen M. Kelly, AB'84;Kenneth R. Weinstein, AB'84; and Roberta Robertson Beach, MBA'90. The couple resides in Chicago.Julie K. Norem, AB'82, writes, "As of September1992, I am a professor in the psychology department at Wellesley College (no, 1 don't knowHillary), and as of that same month, my husbandJonathan Cheek and 1 are the delighted parents ofNathan." Timothy G. Lynch, AB'82, has beennamed a partner in the Boston law office of Robins,Kaplan, Miller Sr Ciresi, where he practices in theareas of business litigation, environmental law, personal injuty, and products liability. Paul L. Sand-berg, MBA'82, JD'82, an entertainment lawyer andpersonal manager in Los Angeles, and his wife,Shelly Brown, announce the September 18 birth oftheir daughter, Riley. George J. Tzanetopoulos,AB'82, has been promoted as a new partner with theChicago-based law firm of Mayer, Brown & Piatt.JJO Deborah L. Barrcll, MBA'83, back at workO^V alter the birth of her daughter. Melody.tinds that "moving paper across a desk is mucheasier than entertaining a bambina all day!" Kevin E.Bright, AB'83, and his wile, Tamis, are "proud parents of a healthy baby girl," Jacqueline Marie, bornSeptember 6, 1993. Frans Coetzee, AM'79, PhD'83,has been hired as an assistant professor of histoiy al Denison University, Granville, OH. Kathryn MuellerCunningham, MBA'83, district manager at IllinoisBell in Chicago, was named president of the Societyof Women Engineers for the 1993-94 fiscal year.Jeremy B. Fein, AB'83, and his wife, AntoinetteEdgar Fein, AB'84, announce the birth of theirsecond child, Eric, who "grows like a weed." Thefour are doing well — "even getting some sleep occasionally." Wendy Nimer Gordon, SM'83, moved thisyear to Portland, where she writes nutrition articlesand educational materials, and her husband, Zac, ishead of equities for Pacific Crest securities. Shewrites: "Our three children (Rhanna, Jessica, andAlex) are really happy here, and we are enjoying themore relaxed pace and beautiful outdoors."Michael B. Gross, AB'83, is a fellow at the BerlinProgram for Advanced German and European Studies at the Free University, Berlin. Douglas S. Jones,AB'83, writes, "I just survived the world premiereproduction of my play Bojangles, based on the life ofBill Robinson, with music by Charles Strouse(Applause, Bye Bye Birdie) and lyrics by the lateSammy Cahn. Current projects include a theatricaladaptation of The Turn of the Screw." Keith A. Hor-vath, AB'83, MD'87, and his wife, Cathy, havereturned from a trip to the Provence region ofFrance and Barcelona, where Keith presented theearly clinical results of the first transmyocardiallaser revascularization — which he helped perform —at the European Cardiovascular Surgery meeting,David M. Seldin, MBA'83, is president and chiefoperating officer of the NFL's newest franchise, theJacksonville Jaguars. He and his wife, Judy, havethree children, Abby, Hannah, and Sarah. John A.Strupeck, MBA'83, was recently promoted to executive vice president for Hovi Industries in La Grange,IL. Vic Velanovich, AB'83, a major in the U.S. ArmyMedical Corps, was appointed a clinical instructorin surgery al the Uniformed Services University ofthe Health Sciences — and has over 50 publications.David J. Wierz, AB'83, was recently promoted tovice president and managing director of the managed care and reimbursement group at Robert A.Becker, a health care consulting firm in New York.M Theodore Beutel, AB'84, JD'89, see 1985, K.Ingrid Hunt. While playing rugby in 1992,Brian Patrick Coll, AB'84, suffered a broken neckthat left him a quadriplegic. He is "recovering fine,"and his team has bought him a condo at 805 29thStreet, #109, Boulder, CO 80303. Correspondence iswelcome. Contributions to help defray mortgage andremodeling costs may be sent to the Boulder RugbyClub Injury Trust Fund, c/o Vectra Bank, 2696Broadway, Boulder, CO 80304. Antoinette EdgarFein, AB'84, see 1983, Jeremy B. Fein.M Gregory L. Barton, JD'85, Kathleen M.Hennessey, JD'85, Carrie Kiger Huff,AM'72, JD'85, and Stuart M. Litwin, MBA'85, JD'85,have been promoted as new partners in theChicago-based law firm of Mayer, Brown & Piatt.William M. Coplin, AB'85, has married, finished aneurology residency at the University of Washington, Seattle, and taken a junior faculty position atUW and the VA for a year. After that, he'll start apulmonary and critical-care medicine fellowship atUW. Jacqueline L. Glomski, PhD'85, is assistantlibrarian at the Warburg Institute, the University ofLondon, where she is responsible for collectionmaintenance and development. Susan A. Gonzalez,AB'85, a certified nutritionist, is finishing her studies in iridology. She and her husband, Peter TMotika, live in Miami with their son, Allijah.K. Ingrid Hunt, AB'86, graduated from medicalschool in 1991 and is now a second-year resident infamily practice at the University of Minnesota. Shewrites: "I live in a big house on the Mississippi withseveral roommates, and am very happy, for a resident." She saw Theodore Beutel, AB'84, JD'89, last summer when he rode cross country on his motorcycle, and she visited Samuel R. Gilbert, AB'85, inSan Francisco "before he left for yet another year inAsia." She reports "no husbands or children yet."Christopher F. Keiter, MBA'85, married BetsyWestcott in January 1993. The two traveled toHawaii, New Zealand, and Australia for their six-week honeymoon and are now working at UNUMInsurance. Donald L. Meccia, AB'85, "regrets thepassing of the Lascivious Costume Ball, but neverwanted to see most of those people nude anyway."Herbert W. Silverman, AB'85, is president of theWilliam Shea Group, Inc., which coordinates fund-raising, special events, and media access for nonprofit organizations in Atlanta. His wife, Karen,works at Coca-Cola in finance and attends Emorybusiness school's evening MBA program.John G. Eck, MBA'86, has been promoted tofirst vice president at LaSalle National Bankin Chicago. Gretchen S. Gates, AB'86, a litigator atFaynet Benson, specializing in medical products litigation, reports that Bruce J. Montella, AB'86, MD'90,visited her while attending an orthopedic surgeryconference in Minneapolis. K. Ingrid Hunt, AB'86,see 1985, K. Ingrid Hunt. Melinda M. Kleehamer,JD'86, joined the international law firm of McDer-mott, Will & Emery as a partner in the estate planning department. Jah-Hee Koo, AB'86, see 1977,Stuart S. Rich. Margaret M. Loebl, MBA'86, movedfrom GM's treasurers office in New York to work astreasurer of GM's $3-billion Mexico operation. KevinM. Mulligan, AB'86, received his M.B.A. in management information systems from the University ofMinnesota in 1993, and is a consultant with CSCConsulting in Minneapolis.Donald K. Petersen, AB'86, a 1989 graduate of Harvard Law School, has — along with his partner, StevenR. Lefkofsky — formed the law firm of Petersen &Lefkofsky in Bloomfield Hills, MI, specializing incomplex commercial litigation and white-collar criminal defense. Helen Brock Probst, AB'86, see 1988,Stuart L. Mills. Nora L. Whitlock, AB'86, see 1992,Aaron R. Varhola. In December 1992, Lori E. Winters, AB'86, administrative assistant for the agricultural and environmental policy program at OxfordUniversity's International Development Centre, married Andreas Kramer (DAAD Lektor in German atMagdalen College, Oxford University) in Chicago.Attending were: Jura Avizienis, AB'86, and KerstanB.Cohen, AB'88, AM'91.All Since 1991, John W. Fawcett, AM'87, has%9m been head of public services at BoswellMemorial Library, Wheaton College, IL. Caroline C.Ford, AM'80, PhD'87, was promoted to associate professor of history at Harvard University in 1992. Shehas been a research associate at Harvard's Center forEuropean Studies since 1990. Her husband, Joseph E.Wagstaff, PhD'83, MD'86, is assistant professor ofpediatrics at Harvard Medical School. They live in Belmont, MA. Ravi Karra, MBA'87, has lived in the BayArea since graduation. He works at CornerstoneResearch, a financial consulting firm that specializesin business litigation issues. Amy L. Moss, AB'87,married Kirk B. Levy on October 10, 1992, in Norfolk,VA, where she practices law with Will, Cox & Savage.Sally Gibbons Livingston, MBA'87, is happily married to Josh Livingston, and works as the director offinance for a provider of PPV programming to thehome satellite-dish market. David Y. K. Wong, AM'82,PhD'87, has joined Carr lndosuez Asia Limited, HongKong, as their director of China business development.David is also honorary treasurer of the Business & Professionals Federation of Hong Kong, and executivecommittee member of the Fujian Chamber of Commerce of the People's Republic of China.John M. Desper, SB'88, earned a Ph.D. inchemistry at the University of Wisconsin,Madison, and is now pursuing postdoctoral work at40 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994Planes, Trains,and AutomobilesI For former business executivej Louise Frankel Stoll, the road tothe future runs through the Department of Transportation, where shenow balances the budget.Louise Frankel Stoll, AB'60, AM'61,describes herself as a "semi-fanatic"cyclist. On her most recent bicyclingtrip last summer, Stoll and her husband,Marc Monheimer, traveled 700 miles along| the Mississippi River, from its Minnesotaheadwaters to Davenport, IA. On the final| day of this almost two-week trek, "it wasraining so hard we couldn't bike to the air-1 port, and we wound up taking a taxi withthe bikes. That was the first day of theflooding season."Shortly after returning from this soggy initiation into the joys and hazards of America's greatest waterway, Stoll embarked on\ what may prove to be her most demandingjourney yet. Appointed by President Clin-| ton as assistant secretary for budget andI programs and chief financial officer for theU.S. Department of Transportation, shemoved from her home in Berkeley, CA,where she had lived since 1961, to Washington, DC — exchanging, in her words,"the sybaritic life of the West Coast for theI political center of the universe."For Stoll, a former senior vice presidentwith the national construction managementfirm of O'Brien-Kreitzberg & Associates,the move to Washington was unexpected:"It was not something that I sought; it wasnot a political campaign mounted." So,when she received a call in December 1992from a Clinton transition-team "head-hunter," Stoll had to decide relativelyquickly whether she was willing to give upher lucrative position — and her office viewof San Francisco Bay — to join the publicsector."After some consideration and severalinterviews, I decided to do it." She adds,"It's very persuasive when you get a phonecall from the White House inviting you tojoin the team."Having survived an FBI backgroundcheck — which included answering questions about "every detail of my life, myfinancial circumstances, my Social Security,and whether or not I've had nannies or gardeners" — Stoll was formally confirmed bythe U.S. Senate last August. Reporting directly to transportation secretary FedericoPena, Stoll is responsible for "shepherding"the department's annual budget ($40-bil-lion in FY1995) through Congress.To determine appropriations for thedepartment — which includes the FederalHighway, Railroad, Transit and AviationAdministrations, the U.S. Coast Guard, andthe National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration — Stoll and Pena have metwith President Clinton in an effort "tocarry out his agenda, and also to informthat agenda with respect to transportationissues."Even after determining departmentalpolicy, Stoll has, at times, found implementing that policy to be a logistical nightmare — particularly in light of what she hasobserved to be the comparative inefficiencyof government: "It was much easier inthe private sector to get decisions made, tohire people, to fire people, to make quickmoves."Citing gratuitous paper-pushing as amajor culprit, Stoll has sought to cut redtape by requiring that staffers take responsibility for their actions, rather than hidingbehind a network of unnecessary and time-consuming meetings and authorization signatures.But change is not easy, as she explains:"Often, very bright people choose to workin government ratherthan the private sectorbecause it doesn'tcarry high risk withit. So it's very difficultto force the notionthat people must beaccountable for whatthey do."Despite her desire tostreamline governmental operations,Stoll argues that thepublic sector cannever function as efficiently as business,nor should it. "In theprivate sector, yourmain goal is makingmoney, and if whatyou are going to dowill cost money, youreally have to justifyevery cent of it."In the government,you are serving functions that, by andlarge, are not profitable. If they wereprofitable, they wouldbe done by the privatesector. Unfortunately, it turns out that it's very difficult to getpeople to move efficiently if the motivationis other than profit."For Stoll — who switched from studyingphilosophy at Chicago to pursuing a public policy, finance, and administration at Berkeley because she wanted to"function in an arena that was broader thana university" — her new appointment hasafforded her the range she sought. "Thescope of this job speaks to the heart of economic development in the country becausewithout a transportation infrastructure,there is no economic development. Thehighways, the roadways, the transit systems, the rail, the freight, the ships, the airplanes — they are the engines that drive theeconomy."Yet Stoll anticipates a time when the relative microcosm of a university may againappeal to her. Convinced when sheenrolled at the U of C that she wouldsomeday be a professor and a poet, Stollhas retained her enthusiasm for education,both in her extensive work as a pastmember of the Berkeley Board of Education and in her delight, upon returning toChicago for her 25 th class reunion, to findthe students "just as I had hoped theywould be: refreshing and fascinated byideas — and in the thick of intellectual ferment." — C.A.M.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 41Columbia University. Lisa R. Hopps, AB'88, hasjoined the law firm of Hahn Loeser Parks as an associate, concentrating in business and corporate law.Neal J. Keating, MBA'88, was promoted to vicepresident of operator interface business at Allen-Bradley Company, Inc.Stuart L. Mills, JD'88, and Helen Brock Probst,AB'86, were married on August 28, 1993, at the U ofC's Bond Chapel. Bridesmaid was Joyce J. Probst,AB'86, AM'90; groomsman was Stephen L. Ritchie,JD'88; and best man was Brian D. Sieve, JD'88. Alsoin attendance were: the bride's mother, Annice MillsProbst Alt, AM'54; the bride's father, George E.Probst, AB'39, AM'55, a former assistant professor ofhistory at Chicago and director of the U of C RoundTable from 1944 to 1954; Jeffrey C. Steen, JD'84;Dana Pryde Redburg, AB'85; Mimi Lee Rodman,AB'85; Linda Mangad Steen, AB'85, MBA'87; MaryAnn Ahmed, AB'86, MD'90; Francis W. Connolly,AB'86; Keith S. Crow, JD'86; Benjamin Rodman,AB'86, MBA'93; Nora L. Whitlock, AB'86; Marc S.Brenner, JD'88; Michael D. Friedman, JD'88; JeffreyC Lindquist, JD'88; Thomas M. Redburg, AB'88;and Gregory S. Markow, JD'91. Stuart is a partner inKirkland & Ellis, a Chicago-based national law firm.Helen is the assistant general counsel for the FederalHome Loan Bank of Chicago.Martin I. Berger, AB'89, married KarenSamole on November 27, 1993, in Miami,FL. In attendance were: Peter L. Konen, AB'89;Terry E. Rudd, AB'89; Matthew W. Sharpies, AB'89;Seth E. Cogan, AB'89; and Karen Curtis Cox, AB'89.Martin, a partner in a Miami law firm, and Karenplan to start working on producing their own baseball — or at least basketball — team as soon as possible. Louis E. Conrad II, MBA'89, an associate ofNational Life of Vermont's investment managementdivision, has passed the Chartered Financial Analystexamination, earning the CFA designation. Benjamin R. Riensche, MBA'89, was selected by theEisenhower Exchange Fellowships to serve in Hungary as a fellow in EEF's program for emerging European democracies. His assignment will consist ofthree months of consultations, visits, workshops,and conferences throughout Hungary.Robert M. Grimm, AB'89, and Jessie A. Wang,AB'90, were married on October 9, 1993, in Riverside,IL. Tammie S. Miller, AB'90, MBA'94, was maid ofhonor. Groomsmen were Andrew C Rudalevige,AB'89, and Dennis W. Weaver, AB'89. In attendancewere: Brent J. Hieggelke, AB'88; Kimberly SuttonHieggelke, AB'88; llan Huberman, AB'89, AM'89, anda student in the Law School; Stavroula Assimacopou-los, AB'90; Tamara L. Cummings, AB'90; Anjali CDas, AB'90; Christine M. Graves, AB'90; Paul S. Fran-ciszkowicz, AB'91; Faith E. Bugel, AB'92; Andrea A.Barylak, AB'93; and Christian Sikorski, a student in theCollege. The two honeymooned on the island of St.Thomas, and now live in downtown Chicago. Robertworks with Cargill Investor Services' stock indexfutures department, and Jessie is an assistant attorneygeneral for Illinois, in the civil appeals division.Timothy E. Lynch, AB'89, has departed on a six-month deployment to the Persian Gulf aboard theaircraft carrier U.S.S. Independence. Kanako Yamaoka,AM'89, who works for the Institute of DevelopingEconomics in Tokyo, has been sent to Havana, Cuba,for two years as a visiting researcher at Centro deEstudios sobre Asia y Oceania. He invites anyonepassing through Havana to get in touch.Barbara A. McNeil, JD'90, has joined Montgomery, McCracken, Walker & Rhoads asan associate in the labor and employment lawdepartment, where she concentrates on EqualEmployment Opportunity litigation and labor arbitration. Anton I. Nielsen, AB'90, and Christine A.Kelly, AB'90, AM'90, were married on Valentine'sDay, 1993. ("We know, kind of mushy. ..but the only day we could pull it all together.") Joseph G.Manning, AM'85, PhD'92; David C. Norris, SB'90;Matthew R. Kreutzmann, AB'91, AM'93; DavidPrince, X'87; and Laura Howenstine, AB'91, "allmade the long trek to Boston for the wedding. Webought a three-story brick colonial house inDayton — where else but Dayton could we affordsuch a house?" Michael Oberlander, AB'90, andSima Medow Oberlander, AB'90, moved to St.Louis in June 1993. Mike is an associate with thelaw firm of Bryan Cave, and Sima teaches biology atPattonville High School. They report that their dogs,Samson and Wrigley, like St. Louis a lot. Timothy J.Rafanello, AB'90, of Manhattan Beach, CA, was promoted to assistant vice president in the Los AngelesCorporate Office of Bank of America. R. Todd Stengel, AB'90, is back from six months aboard adestroyer in the Persian Gulf, and has been promoted to Navy Lieutenant. Stephen J. Ware, JD'90,assistant professor at the Cumberland School of Lawof Samford University, has moved from New YorkCity to Birmingham, AL. Jessie A. Wang, AB'90, see1989, Robert M. Grimm.W Kenneth A. Boysaw, AB'91, lives in Chicagoand works at the Federal Reserve Bank.Julian M. Cohen, AB'91, is pursuing an M.F.A. increative writing, specifically poetry, at the Universityof Miami. He reports that, "For my bread and butter(and beer), 1 teach freshman composition." Ernest E.Games, MBA'91, was recently promoted to production operations manager of Rotorblade Manufacturing & Sikorsky Aircraft in the united technologiesdivision. Peter R. Goldstone, AB'91, is a dissertation-stage doctoral student in political science at MIT.Anita Nikolich, AB'91, returned from U.S. MarineCorps duty in Somalia and graduated from fourmonths of cryptology training. Paul Eric Meyerson,AB'91, received an MA. in psychology at FordhamUniversity and is working toward a Ph.D. His wife,Kimberly Pfohl Meyerson, AB'91, is a marketingassociate at Ticknor & Fields Books for Young Readers, a new imprint for Houghton Mifflin Publishing.Tena E. Vaughan, AB'91, entered American University Law School in Washington, DC, last fall.Michael B. Bruck, AB'92, taught courses inmarketing and creativity last summer at theExploration Summer Program at Wellesley College.David J. Calicchia, AB'92, see 1993, David J. Calic-chia. Joseph P. Gerharz, AB'92, see 1993, ErinMcKean. Kathleen Hanviriyapunt, AB'92, who ispursuing a Ph.D. in German language and literatureat New York University, has received a summerinternship to work as a copy editor at the international desk of the Wall Street Journal. Anne E. Hol-lister, AB'92, has left Washington, DC, after a yearas a social worker in a free medical and legal clinicto return to Chicago — this time, the SSA — to get anM.A. in social work. She is completing her fieldpracticum at St. Joseph Hospital in Chicago on theHIV/AIDS unit, and reports that it is great to beback. Lesley F. Kim, AB'92, is at the University ofCalifornia, Hastings Law School, and trying to geton MTV's The Real World. Frederick R. Prete,PhD'92, has been hired as an assistant professor ofpsychology at Denison University, Granville, OH.Fausto E. Ramos-Gomez, AM'92, married MariaL. Ugarte, AM'93, on July 17, 1993, at St. Gregory'sChurch in Chicago. In attendence were: KarenLowe Graham, then assistant dean of students forCoordinating Council for Minority Issues; GerardoLicea, SB'84; Doris Salomon, AM'88; Vera L. Fen-nell, AM'90; David P. Mclntyre, AM'91; Carla D.O'Connor, AM'91; Elizabeth Granados, AB'92;Ethan A. Putterman, AM'92; Victor S. Rodriguez,AM'92; Kathleen M. Osberger, AM'93; Karen E.Resseguie, AM'93; and Virginia P. Smith, AM'93.Maria is presently the executive director of the Hispanic Health Alliance; Fausto was elected to the board of directors of the community-based organization, Comite Latino, and continues to pursue hisPh.D. in political science at Chicago. Felix A.Rodriguez, AB'92, who expects to receive an economics from NYU in June, works as a consultant for Uni-Source Global Corporation, an international trading firm in New York City. Julie A.Spohn, AB'92, is a research associate, studyingschizophrenia, at Western Psychiatric Institute andClinic, the University of Pittsburgh, PA. Aaron R.Varhola, AB'92, is enrolled at the University ofMiami School of Law, along with Jay Sorid, AB'92,and has been taught by Nora L. Whitlock, AB'86.Last summer, he worked at Barry & Fasulo, a lawfirm in Pittsburgh, concentrating in municipal claimwork — and "noisily protesting the censorship ofBeavis and Butt-head." Donald S. Wakeling, AB'92,who edits for China Daily News and lives in Taipei,Taiwan, intends to return to graduate school thisfall at either UCLA or NYU.David J. Calicchia, AB'92, is a graduate student in developmental psychology at the Uof C. John T. ("Ty") Damon II, MBA'93, senior vicepresident and account director at Lintas MarketingCommunications in Warren, MI, has joined theDetroit College of Business as an adjunct facultymember in the Adult Accelerated Career Educationprogram. He and his wife, Kristen, have two children: Jack, 5, and Samantha, 4. Juliana A. Ivescu,AB'93, works in California for Salomon Brothers as afinancial analyst. Erin M. McKean, AB'93, AM'93,and Joseph P. Gerharz, AB'92, were married July 4,1993, in Bond Chapel by Father William Jabusch ofCalvert House. A large cast of U of C-affiliatedpeople and Hyde Parkers attended. The couple honeymooned in "sunny Florida" and returned to theirapartment on the "unfashionable fringes of WickerPark." Erin is a lexicographer for Scott Foresman inGlenview. "Joey is working."Maria L. Ugarte, AM'93, see 1992, Fausto E.Ramos-G6mez. Michael Y. Park, AB'93, has temporarily left the study of law and "entered into theworld of haute cuisine at J. B. Winberie in my hometown of Princeton, NJ. My ignoble servitude does further a higher purpose, however — I am collectingfunds for a move to the Crescent City, where my star-crossed love, Stella, awaits....! have met a surprisingnumber of Chicagoans here in Princeton, and theconversations have brought back fond memories ofHyde Park in all its beauty. Hail Schlinkhaus! HailTeam Kimbark, members past and present! Withluck, I shall be writing you next from the FrenchQuarter, with Stella by my side." Thomas E.Plodzeen, MBA'93, has been promoted to vice president at LaSalle National Bank in Chicago. SuzanneL. Schairer, AB'93, works at Borders Book Shop,takes courses at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and teaches aerobics at a health club.Andrew C. Schneider, AB'93, reports that he isenrolled, without funding, in the graduate history program at Duke University. He has secured a researchassistantship outside the school with Connor CruiseO'Brien at the National Humanities Center, investigating the relations of the U.S. government with the governments of revolutionary France. Jennifer L. Smith,AB'93, is in the political science Ph.D. program at theUniversity of Minnesota, Twin Cities. Kyle KegangWang, MBA'93, writes, "After getting my M.B.A. fromChicago in June 1993, and my wife, Katherine Randolph, getting hers from Harvard Business School,also in June, the two of us had a five-week bike tripacross southern England and France. Two years ofintellectual brainwash from the two competing institutions were too easily forgotten in the bucolic countryside of England, green mountains of France, andthe sea breeze along the Mediterranean coast." Kylenow works for R.R. Donnelley & Sons in Chicago asits marketing director of China operations.42 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994DeathsFACULTYEverett C Olson, SB'32, SM'33, PhD'35, professorof biology and geology, died November 25. He was83. Pioneering the study of the origin and evolutionof vertebrate animals, his research near Perm, Russia,helped fill out the fossil record of the Permian periodthat concluded the Paleozoic era. He taught zoology,paleontology, and geology at the U of C from 1935to 1969, when he left to teach at UCLA until hisretirement in the early 1980s. Editor of the Journal ofGeology (1963-1967), he authored seven books andmore than 170 articles. Survivors include his wife,Lila; two daughters; a son; and eight grandchildren.Zbigniew Golab, professor emeritus of Slavic languages and literatures, died March 24 at his HydePark home. He was 71. A native of Poland, in 1962he came to the U.S. to teach at Chicago. An experton the Macedonian language and on Macedonian-Arumanian contact, he completed a major linguisticstudy of the Macedonian dialects of Suho andVisoka, located in today's northern Greece. Theauthor of more than 70 articles and reviews, hewrote The Origins of the Slavs: A Linguist's View(1992) and cowrote a dictionary of linguistic terminology. Survivors include his wife, Janina, and a son.FRIENDSVesta Sutton Hutchins, widow of fifth UniversityPresident Robert Maynard Hutchins, died March 17in Palo Alto, CA. She was 75. She met Hutchins,whom she married in 1948, as a student in a GreatBooks class that he and Mortimer Adler taught. Later,she worked with him on the Great Books of the Western World series and the early stages of the majorrevised edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Thecouple moved to California in 1959, where hefounded the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions and she served on its board. She also was afounding member of the Women's Board of thePasadena Art Museum. She is survived by a daughter,Barbara; a grandson; two great-grandsons; and a sister.1910sEmily Taft Douglas, PhBT9, died January 28 inWhite Plains, NY. She was 94. Elected a Democraticcongresswoman from Illinois in 1944, the daughterof sculptor Lorado Taft became the first woman toprecede her husband in Congress (Paul H. Douglasserved in Congress from 1948 to 1964). During hertwo-year term, she served on the Foreign AffairsCommittee and campaigned for the newly formedUnited Nations. A participant in the 1964 Selma,AL, civil rights march, she wrote several books,including Remember the Ladies, an account ofwomen who helped shape America. Survivorsinclude a daughter and two grandsons.1920sMalvem R. Netdeton, PhB'25, died February 1 inhis Wethersfield, CT, home. He was 89. He began hiscareer in government as assistant clerk to U.S. Senator Frederic Wolcott. When Wolcott was appointedcommissioner of welfare in 1935, Netdeton becamehis secretary, supervisor of personnel, and executiveassistant. He joined the Connecticut HighwayDepartment in 1955, retiring in 1965. Survivorsinclude his wife, Amanda; a nephew; and two nieces. Harold E. Christensen, JD'27, of San Juan Capis-trano, CA, died September 27 at the age of 89. Hewas a partner in the Chicago law firm Hubbard,Baker & Rice, served as trial attorney and generalcounsel for the New York Central Railroad Co., andwas director of the legal department at Eversharp,Inc. Survivors include his wife, Claire, and a son.Lucile Emmons, PhB'27, AM'32, died March 13,1992, at the age of 98. A high school French andSpanish teacher in Lockport, IL, for 35 years, shemoved to Columbus, OH, in 1979. Survivors includea nephew, John.Dorothy Parker Mack, PhB'27, died May 2, 1993,at the Americana Nursing Home in Peoria. She issurvived by her husband, Donald B. Mack, X'28.Robert A. Bradley, SB'28, died January 25 at hisCalifornia home. He was 86. Among many accomplishments, he taught in a private school, was acareer Army officer in the field artillery, and owned asmall business. He is survived by a son, Robert G.Bradley, AM'66; three grandchildren; and two sisters.Katherine Woolf Kuh, AM'28, died January 10 inher New York City home. She was 89. An avid andearly champion of modern art, she was the firstcurator of modern painting and sculpture at the ArtInstitute of Chicago, and also founded Chicago'sfirst commercial gallery of modern art. In 1959, shemoved to New York, where she served as an artcritic for Saturday Review. She published severalbooks on art, including Break-Up: The Core ofModem Art.Helen Harris Bracey, PhB'29, MAT30, died recendyin her home. She was 89. For 30 years, she was a professor at Howard University in Washington, DC. Priorto teaching, she served as supervisor of the Gary, IN,public school system. She is survived by a son; adaughter; five grandchildren; a great-grandson; asister; and several nieces and nephews, includingGwendolyn Page Ritchie, AB'49, and Sharon PageRitchie, AB'75.Mattie Lieberman Jenkins, PhB'29, a retired Chicagoteacher and resident of Laguna Hills, CA, died in May1993. Survivors include her husband, Albert.Ralph W. McComb, PhB'29, died July 23 ofcancer. Before retiring, he was a librarian at Pennsylvania State University. He is survived by his wife,Lois; a son; and two daughters.1930sLester F. Beck, JD'30, died November 15 at the ageof 86. A resident of Maitland, FL, since 1958, he wasa private corporate attorney and a member of severalorganizations. He is survived by his wife, Jeanne; twodaughters; two sons; nine grandchildren; two brothers; and a cousin, Ruth P. Lyon, PhB'30.Hilding B. Carlson, PhB'30, SM'32, PhD'37, diedMarch 16 at his Soquel, CA, home. He was 92. Afterworking in a psychiatric clinic for five years, hejoined the faculty of the University of Illinois, retiring as professor emeritus from San Diego State University in 1968. While at San Diego, he also had aprivate practice. He is survived by his wife, Helen; adaughter; a son; and seven grandchildren.Lenore King Dolejs, SB'33, died July 3. She retiredin 1971, after more than 40 years as a high schoolmath teacher in Chicago. Survivors include her husband, William.W. Earl Lee, PhB'34, an educator for 39 years,died April 26, 1993. He is survived by his wife,Lora, and a son. William H. Bergman, AB'35, died in February atthe age of 80. A founder and past president ofNational Decorating Products, he owned BergmanPaint and Wallpaper Stores in Palos Heights, IL.Survivors include his wife, Janet Lewy Bergman,AB'36; two sons; a daughter; six grandchildren; twogreat-grandchildren; a sister; and a sister-in-law,Betty Lindenberger Bergman, AB'39.Lucia Jordan Dunham, MD'35, of Bethesda, MD,died February 21 after a stroke. She was 87. Winner ofwe U of C's alumni professional achievement award,Dunham was a pathology researcher and medical officer at the National Cancer Institute. Her workincluded studies of transplantable tumors, carcinogenic materials in drinking water, and environmentalcauses of oral cancer. She wrote or coauthored morethan 30 publications. After retiring in 1974, she wrotepoetry and served as director of the MineralogicalSociety. Survivors include two daughters; a son; fivegrandchildren; and a brother.Nejat F. Eczacibasi, SM'35, founder and honorarychair of the Eczacibasi Group in Istanbul, Turkey,died October 6. Survivors include his wife, Beyhan,and two sons.Clifford G. Massoth, PhB'35, died December 21in Harvey, IL.. He was 82. As corporate relationsmanager for the Illinois Central Railroad, he oversaw public relations and advertising and edited Illinois Central magazine. He also served as presidentof American Railroad Editors, the Railroad PublicRelations Associates, and School District 152 inHarvey. Survivors include three daughters, sevengrandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.George S. Speer, SM'36, died March 17, 1992. Apsychologist and professor, he taught at CentralYMCA College, where he also served as dean of students, and at Illinois Institute of Technology. Heretired in 1974. Survivors include a daughter, a son,and three grandchildren.Floyd J. Brooks, MAT37, died January 16. He was94. For 28 years, he taught American history andeconomics at Calumet (CO) High School, retiring in1964. Survivors include a son, four grandchildren,ten great-grandchildren, a nephew, and a cousin.Jane Burt Meske, AB'37, died September 13. Sheis survived by her husband, Chester; two daughters;and two brothers, Roger A. Burt, SB'47, and JamesG. Burt, SM'49, PhD'50.Cristobal A. Vicens, MD'37, of Englewood, NJ,died January 28. Vicens practiced internal medicinein New York City for 53 years. He is survived by hiswife, Mary; a daughter; two sons; four grandchildren; and a sister.Seymour S. Raven, AB'38, died January 12 at hishome. Raven joined the Chicago Tribune in 1947,becoming editor of the paper's music and theater section. During the 1960s, he was general manager of theChicago Symphony Orchestra. As senior advisor tothe chancellor at the University of Illinois, Chicago, hedeveloped curricula in the arts and related areas. He issurvived by his wife, Norma; four sons, including JoelF. Raven, MBA'75; and four grandchildren.Helen Woodrich Read, AB'38, died December 21 ather Appleton, Wl, home. She is survived by two sons;two daughters; a sister, Marjorie Woodrich Miller,AB'42; a brother-in-law, Walter R. Miller, AB'41; anda sister-in-law, Mary Walter Woodrich, AB'38.James R. Runyon, SB'39, of Midland, MI, diedApril 1, 1993, of lung cancer. He was 76. For 40years, he worked for Dow Chemical Co. as aresearch scientist. Survivors include his wife, Margaret; two sons; a daughter; and a brother, Ernest H.Runyon, SB'25, PhD'34.1940sSidney S. Siegel, AB'40, died February 28 in SanDiego. A Chicago publisher, he printed high schoolYERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/JUNE 1994 43and college newspapers and founded the NorthTown Economist newspaper. As the paper's editor,he crusaded lor urban renewal, ln 1968, he sold thepaper to pursue a career in real estate. Survivorsinclude his wife and a son.John J. Bertrand, MD'41, died August 4 of lungcancer. He practiced internal medicine in San Francisco. Survivors include his wife, Patricia; a son; andthree daughters.Ralph J. Sticht, SB'41, died December 4, 1992, inNewport Beach, CA. During part of his nearly 50years in the defense industry, he did research for theManhattan Project at the U of C. Survivors includehis wife, Nina; two sons; and two grandsons.Milton H. Weiss, AB'41, died November 30 inRancho Mirage, CA. An Air Force officer, he servedfor three years in Japan immediately following WWII.After retiring as a lieutenant colonel in 1963, hetaught in the Puerto Rico Defense Department School,retiring to California in 1985. Survivors include adaughter, three sons, and four granddaughters.Paul E. Willard, SB'41, died January 13 at hisSkillman, NJ, home. He was 74. A retired chemistwith FMC, he was a member of the AmericanChemical Society, spent 12 years working withRecording for the Blind, and was a founder of theBank of Nitro in West Virginia. Survivors includehis wife, Ruth-Ann; a daughter; and a son.Rosemarie C. Winkler, SB'41, died November 2 alher Dickinson, TX, home. She was 88. She attendedthe U of C after teaching for nine years in ruralNebraska and, later, spent two decades as a histo-pathology technologist al ihe University of TexasMedical Branch in Galveston, Winkler was an activemember of Pilots International and the NationalBoards for Technologists. Survivors include abrother, a sister, and seven nieces and nephews.Alonzo S. Yerby, SB'41, died February 16 in Boston.He was 72. One of the authors of the Medicare program, in 1965 Yerby became the first black to serve ascommissioner of the New York City Hospitals. Hestepped down a year later to chair the Harvard Schoolof Public Health, a post he held until 1975. He continued to teach at Harvard until his retirement in 1982.Survivors include his wife, Monteal; two sons; adaughter; a granddaughter; and a brother.Harris B. Jones, AB'42, MBA49, died December 1.He worked for 35 years in hospital and nursing homeadministration, serving for 12 years as director of theextended-care division of the Joint Commission onAccreditation of Hospitals and Nursing Homes. Afterretiring in 1984, he moved to St. Petersburg, FL,where he was active in public service. Survivorsinclude his wife, Minette, and two daughters.Jose G. Sugranes, Jr., MD'42, of River Forest, diedOctober 4. He was 83. Sugranes served as captain inan Army combat unit from 1943 to 1945. A radiologist, he was employed by St. Anne's Hospital for 15years and by West Lake Hospital for 13 years. He issurvived by his wife, Marie, and a son.Robert Swenson, SB'42, died January 26 inAtlanta. A mathematics professor at the GeorgiaInstitute of Technology, Swenson was also a memberof the Atlanta Bridge Club and a lover of music whoplayed the piano for local nursing homes. Survivorsinclude a brother, Donald, and iwo nieces.Elisabeth Curtiss Willis, PhD'42, died of cancerin Ames, IA, October 31 al the age of 86. She taughteconomics al Pine Manor Junior College, WellesleyCollege, and Iowa Slate University. After retiringfrom leaching in 1949, she wrote USDA govern-menl bulletins on nutrition research and was a long-lime editor of the Angliani Angle, an Episcopalpublication. Survivors include a stepson, two stepdaughters, ami five slcp-grandchildrcn,Carol Kousnctz Slcrkin, SB'44, died December 8while on a Pacific cruise. She was 70. A science-research librarian, she spenl much of her career working for the Jet Propulsion Laboratories inPasadena, CA. Survivors include three sons; two sisters; and a cousin, Roberta George Evans, JD'61.Ida Bass Lalor, AB'45, AM'49, PhD'66, died December 8 in Sanibel Island, FL. She was 67. An associateprofessor at Chicago State University, she taught emotionally disturbed and disadvantaged children. Aftertime in Dhaka, Bangladesh, where she was presidentof the American School, she returned to the States,serving for 16 years as director of research and testingfor the Evanston-Skokie School District and for oneyear as assistant district superintendent. Survivorsinclude her husband, Bruce M. Lalor, AM'49; a sister;two brothers; and two cousins, Eva Bass Kopel, X'31,and Philip I. Rosenberg, MBA'67.Geraldine Bovbjerg Vedder, PhB'45, died of cancerFebruary 26 at her Evanston home. She was 69. A primary-school educator, she taught first at the U of CLab Schools, then in the Chicago public schools. Forthe past 20 years, she was a full-time volunteer withEvanston's King Lab School, where she taught reading. Survivors include her husband, Blair; a daughter;two sons; four grandchildren; a brother, Richard V.Bovbjerg, SB'41, PhD'49; a nephew, Randall R. Bovbjerg, AB'68; and a niece, Sally Dodd Popper, AB'68.J. William Hayton, AB'46, JD'50, an Evanston resident, died February 14. He was 67. A partner in theChicago law firm Bell, Boyd & Lloyd for more than40 years, he specialized in litigation and trademarks,and also represented the American Land Title Association in connection with land claims by NativeAmericans. Survivors include his wife, BeataMueller Hayton, AB'43, and a son.Grant E. Curtis, AM'47, died May 6, 1993, ofleukemia at his Winchester, MA, home. He was 72.After ten years as a teacher and administrator at TuftsUniversity, he was appointed the school's first directorof financial aid in 1959. Curtis helped found severalfinancial-aid groups, including the Eastern Association of Financial Aid Administrators. After retirement,he and his wife, Elaine, traveled. Survivors include hiswife, a daughter, a son, and two grandchildren,Paul A. Varg, PhD'47, died February 23 in Stuart,FL. He was 81. An historian of American foreignpolicy, he taught at Michigan State from 1958 until1981, serving for seven years as the first dean of theCollege of Arts and Letters. He published nine bookson U.S. foreign policy, including several on U.S.-Sinorelations; in 1966 he served on a Presidential panel toevaluate the two governments' relationship. He is survived by his wife, Cozette; a daughter; a stepson; threegrandchildren; and one great-grandchild.Bernard Weisberg, AB'48, JD'52, a civil rights attorney, died January 17 following a long battle with lymphoma. He was 68. After practicing law for 30 yearswith the Chicago firm Gottlieb & Schwartz, in 1985Wiesberg was appointed a magistrate to the U.S. District Court for Northern Illinois. He also served as ageneral counsel for the ACLU, filing a key brief beforethe U.S. Supreme Court in the landmark Miranda caseestablishing a suspect's right to legal representationduring a police interrogation. Survivors include hiswife, Lois; four children; and five grandchildren.James H. Mailey, AM'47, PhD'49, died January 29in Austin, TX. He was 74. He taught at SouthernMethodist University until 1958, leaving to serve asprincipal and later deputy school superintendent ofMidland High School. In 1962, he became head ofthe educational administration department at theUniversity of Southern Mississippi, returning toMidland in 1968 as public school superintendent.He retired in 1985. Survivors include his wife, Florence; two sons; and two grandchildren,1950sL. Howard Bennett, JD'50, died December 1 in Pen-sacola, FL. He was 80. A partner with the Minneapolis law firm Hall, Smidi, Hedlund, Bennett, Juster, Fors-berg, and Merlin, he became the first black judge inMinnesota in 1957. President of the MinneapolisNAACP from 1956 to 1958, he helped write fair-housing legislation. Under John F. Kennedy, heserved in the Defense Department, working for civilrights. He is survived by his wife, Marian; a daughter;two grandchildren; and a sister.Milton M. Cohen, AM'50, died January 1. He was78. A political activist and social worker, he played akey role in the 1983 election of Chicago mayorHarold Washington. In the 1970s, Cohen workedwith the Jewish Council on Urban Affairs and was oneof the first whites to work with Operation PUSH. Survivors include his wife, Susan; a daughter; a son; andtwo grandchildren.Virginia A. Robinson, AM'51, a Hyde Park resident for more than 40 years, died February 7. Anassociate professor at the University of Illinois,Chicago, and a psychiatric social worker at theschool's hospital, she served for 15 years as headsocial worker in the psychiatry department andwrote numerous articles on medical social work.Survivors include a cousin, Marsha.1960sRichard B. Martin, AB'62, died December 17 at hisCharlottesville, VA, home. He was 57. A South Asianexpert, he was an assistant professor and the curatorof the Tibetan collection at the University of Virginia.Known for forming the premier collection of TibetanBuddhist artifacts at the university, he was regardedas the foremost bibliographer of Tibetan literature.He is survived by his fiancee and her children.Phoebe Shu-Heng Chen, PhD'65, a Skokie resident,died January 30 at the age of 76. For more than 20years, she was a professor of political and social sciences at Truman and Wright city colleges. She wascofounder and former president of the Chinese American Educational Foundation, which provides scholarships to students of Chinese ancestry, and also helpedestablish the Chinese Cultural and Educational Association. Survivors include her husband, Homer Chen,AM'57; two sons, including Felix K. Chen, AB'71,MD'75; and a daughter.Francis L. Lederer II, AM'67, died February 13 inChicago of complications from cancer surgery. Hewas 62. A private investor for most of his career, inthe f 970s he founded the Francis L. Lederer Foundation, a charitable organization focusing on educational and child-abuse issues. He was also alongtime board member and endowment-fund chairof Anshe Emet Day School. Survivors include hiswife, Adrienne; two sons; two daughters; and sixgrandchildren.H. Frank Hartel, MBA'68, a Glenview resident andco-owner of K&S Automatic Sprinkers, died December 22. He was 64. Hartel installed K&S sprinkler systems for the Chicago Post Office and Comiskey Park.He was a Boy Scouls scoutmaster and active in LittleLeague. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; threesons; a daughter; two granddaughters; and a sister.Steven N. Blank, MBA'69, died December 26 in ashooting accident at his West Des Moines home. Heis survived by his wife, Jami.1970sRuth M. Friedman, JD'70, died of cancer November 22 in Oakland, CA. She was 48. A former lawprofessor, she spent the past 1 1 years as an administrative law judge with the California State PersonnelBoard. A civil rights worker in Mississippi during thesummer of 1964, she supported convicts' rights andprison reform and was an active supporter of CesarChavez and the United Farm Workers Union. She issurvived by her son, Aaron, and a sister.44 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994Donald L. Booth, MBA'71, of Brookfield, Wl, diedFebruary 28 in an accident. Survivors include hiswife, Dawn.William J. Eadie, AM'64, PhD'71, died August 5 inKennewick, WA. He was 56. Principal meteorologistwith Calspan Corp. in Buffalo, NY, during the 1970s,he joined Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories in1976 as a research scientist, retiring in 1982. He wrotemany articles in scientific journals and was a memberof several professional organizations. Survivorsinclude his wife, Luise; three sons; and a brother.Suzanne Biltzer Bornstein, AM'78, died January31 in her Highland Park home. She was 54. Afterserving as director of manpower research at theAmerican Academy of Pediatrics, she spent fiveyears trading commodities at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. She also did research al the U of C'sChapin Hall Center for Children and volunteeredfor LINKS, a teen health clinic. Survivors includeher husband, Myron; two sons; a daughter; lourgrandchildren; her mother; and a sister.1980sMarshall D. Rosman, AM'68, PhD'81, a Hyde Parkresident, died January 31. He was 53. A medical sociologist, he had served as director of the AmericanMedical Association's mental health department since1985. In 1990, Rosman launched a national campaign against domestic violence, developing guidelines to aid doctors in recognizing signs of suchabuse. Survivors include his wife, Billie GreenRosman, AB'63; three daughters; his mother; and asister, Roslyn Rosman Ebstein, AB'51, AM'56.Monroe Couper, Jr., AM'79, PhD'84, died in February of exposure while ice-climbing on MountWashington, NH. He was 40. A resident of SouthOrange, NJ, he was an associate professor of music atKingsborough Community College, where he hadtaught since 1980. His most recent composition, "lnMemorium," was premiered last year by the PragueSymphony. He is survived by his wife, Ann; twodaughters; his parents; a brother; and two sisters.Paul Paluzzi, AB'84, died December 23. He was 31.A hemophiliac, he suffered from complications relatedto AIDS. As an employee of Computer Sciences Corporation, he worked for many years on the HubbleTelescope. Survivors include his mother, Jeanne.NOTICE OF DEATH RECEIVEDElizabeth Barbour, PhB'20, AM'28, February 1993.Donald L. Burns, SB'23, May 1993.Martin L. Faust, PhD'24, August.Paul A. Kirkley, PhB'24, March 1993.Frank M. Durbin, SM'22, PhD'26, June 1993.Pauline Peters Durbin, AM'26, April 1993.Ruth Adams Glasgow, PhB'27, April 1993.Sophia Pernokis Diamant, PhB'31, April 1993.Max Friedman, X'31, December 1992.Otto A. Schmit, PhB'33, May 1993.Raymond W. Litwiller, PhD'37, April 1993.Margaret Graver Schlesinger, AB'37, August.William E. Behnke, AB'39, January.James H. Glasgow, PhD'39, August 1992.Paul Howard, AM'39, May 1993.Chester A. West, SB'41, June 1993.Grace Moore David, SB'43, July.Mary Chapman Reese, AM'44, August 1991.Clemens F. Kowalczyk, SB'48, June 1993.William R. Martin, SB'48, May 1993.Sara I. Fen wick, AM'51, June 1993.William J. Shea, MBA'53, October 1991.Alice Tilton Beaver, AM'56, April 1993,Fanya E. Wiggins, AM'61, March 1990.Haldor L. Hove, AM'48, PhD'62, January.Thomas J. Fogarty, MBA'79, May 1993.Preston E. Ehmann III, AB'81, August. ART AND ARCHITECTURESusan Harris, Holliday T. Day, AM'79, BrettWaller, The Poetry of Form: Richard Tuttle Drawingsfrom The Vogel Collections (Indiana UniversityPress). This catalog of an exhibition organized by theIndianapolis Museum of Art and ihe Inslituto Valen-ciano de Arte Moderno in Spain celebrates Tuttle'spost-minimalist works.Barry Shifman, AM'81, The Arts and Crafts Metal-work of Janet Payne Bowles (Indiana UniversityPress). As the first survey of Bowles' life (1872-1948)and work, this illustrated catalog features 70 objectsby the artist — an Arts and Crafts jeweler and metal-smith who worked in Boston, New York, and Indianapolis, and enjoyed an international reputationduring her lifetime.DI0GRAPHY AND LETTERSAlfred de Grazia, AB'39, PhD'48, The Babe: AChild of Boom and Bust in Chicago. Umbilicus Mundi;The Student: At Chicago in Hutchins' Heyday; TheTaste of War: Soldiering in World War II; The CosmicHeretics: The Movement of Quantavolution and Cata-strophism; and The Fall ofSpydom: An Investigation ofGeneral Paranoia and Russian Espionage in Switzerland (Metron Publications). This series of five autobiographical works, ranging in time from 1919 to1990, is written from a political psychology andphilosophical anthropology perspective.Sidney F. Huttner, AB'63, AM'69, and ElizabethStege Huttner, AM'76, A Register of Artists,Engravers, Booksellers, Bookbinders, Printers andPublishers in New York City, 1821-1842 (Bibliographical Society of America). Continuing the workof George L. McKay, the authors have collectedfrom annual city directories the names andaddresses of individuals and firms working in NewYork in the book trades and graphics arts — providing a means of dating undated books and identifying anonymous printers, publishers, and artists.6USINESS AND ECONOMICSDianne C Betts, AM'86, and Daniel J. Slottje,Crisis on the Rio Grande: Poverty, Unemployment, andEconomic Development on the Texas-Mexico Border(Westview Press). With the North American FreeTrade Agreement now a reality, the authors explorethe socioeconomic fabric of the Lower Rio GrandeValley border region as a measure of NAFTA'sfuture. The book considers issues of poverty, colo-nias, the maquiladora industry, border migration,and NAFTA's potential impact on the region's economy, infrastructure, and environment.Roger G. Ibbotson, PhD'74, Thomas S. Coleman,AM'81, PhD'84, and Lawrence Fisher, AM'55,PhD'56, Historical U.S. Treasury Yield Curves(Moody's Investors Service). Primarily a book oftables, this volume is meant as a reference source onrisk-free interest rates over various horizons —reviewing definitions of "the interest rate" andmethodologies for estimating yield curves.A. David Silver, AB'62, MBA'63, Strategic Partnering (McGraw-Hill). Seeking a new source of launchcapital for small-business owners, the authorexplores how hundreds of domestic and foreign corporations are investing in entrepreneurial companies — in return for a small fraction of the ownershipand the rights to make or markel new products andservices. The book also offers a comprehensive directory of the most active strategic partners in iheU.S. and abroad.CRITICISMNancy Bunge, AM'66, Nathaniel Hawthorne: AStudy of the Short Fiction (Twayne). Bunge providesa close study of 31 tales and sketches, as well asselections from Hawthorne's own comments aboutwriting, reactions of critics to his short stories, and aselected bibliography and chronology.Valerie Wayne, AM'72, PhD'78, editor, The Matterof Difference: Materialist Feminist Criticism of Shakespeare, and The Flower of Friendship: A RenaissanceDialogue Contesting Marriage (Cornell UniversityPress). A collection of essays, the first book discussesthe plays of Shakespeare and other Renaissancedramatists, focusing on such topics as labor, money,marriage, rape, slander, homoerotic desire, women asspectators of the public theater, and the institution ofShakespearean criticism. The second work is an edition of Edmund Tilney's 1568 conduct book on marriage — a book dedicated to Queen Elizabeth andmodeled on Erasmus' Conjugium and Castiglione'sCourtier.EDUCATIONHenry H. Crimmel, PhD'60, The Liberal Arts College and the Ideal of Liberal Education (UniversityPress of America). Analyzing the current "crisis" olthe American liberal arts college, the author arguesthat colleges must not submit to any ideology, political agenda, or vocational interest, but instead shouldbe centered around a set of rational theoretical andpractical skills.Andrew B. Harris, AB'67, Broadway Theater(Routledge Press). Winner of the Broadway TheaterInstitute's 1994 Award for Excellence in Education,this book seeks to introduce readers of all ages toNew York City theater. A producer and director, theauthor hopes to persuade educators that their students need to read plays such as Death of a Salesman,Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, and American Buffaloas living works.William G. Wraga, MAT'80, Democracy's HighSchool: The Comprehensive High School and Educational Rcfonn in the United States (University Press ofAmerica) . The author traces the development of theTasteful Reading (see Recreation).University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 45comprehensive school model in the United States,evaluating, among other things, the influence ofsociopolitical forces on and historical interpretationsol the modelFICTION AND POETRYPaul Carroll, AM'52, The Bearer Dam Road Poems(Big Table Books). This volume by the prize-winning poet includes 25 poems, written from 1993 to1994, about a North Carolina landscape thatincludes Beaver Dam Road, George's Gap, andBoone and Watauga counties.Lee A. Crawford, DB'64, The Mumwalds (ChalicePress). In this philosophic fable set in the RockyMountains, a food supply crisis, a marauding eagle,and an unwanted war with the Torwinks disrupt theharmonious life of small, furry, spherical creaturescalled Mumwalds. As Sage, Stargazer, Motherone,and other Mumwalds face these traumatic experiences, some find comfort by departing from theirtraditional theological explanations and exploringthe perspective of process thought.Lauren Fairbanks, AM'85, Sister Carrie (DalkeyArchive Press). Exploring what might have happened to Theodore Dreiser's Carrie Meeber had shecome of age in the 1990s rather than the 1890s, Fairbanks' first novel — written in what Publishers Weeklydescribes as "gaudy postmodern prose" — followsCarrie as she leaves her stifling Florida home forChicago, where she enters both prostitution andadvertising,GENDER STUDIESLeslie Friedman Goldstein, AB'65, AM'67, Contemporary Cases in Women's Rights (University ofWisconsin Press). This casebook introduces undergraduates to the most important recent court decisions affecting women in the U.S. — including thelegal and social queslions surrounding abortion,sexual harassment, pornography, surrogate motherhood, rape, and custody rights. The author explainsthe background of each case, and offers questions tohelp generate discussion.Richard D. Mohr, AB'72, A More Perfect Union:Why Straight America Must Stand Up for Gay Rights(Beacon Press). Offering a moral case for gaypeople's equal citizenship, this volume appeals towidely held American beliefs in equality and freedom in its argument for gay justice. The authorexplores gay rights from the most private to themost public: Should sex be protected by the right toprivacy? What does equal protection under the lawmean for gay people? What are we to make of thecontroversy over gays in the military?HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTSDaniel E. Bornstein, AM'77, PhD'85, The Bianchioj 1399: Popular Devotion in Lale Medieval Italy (Cornell University Press). In the summer of 1399, awave of popular devotion swept through Italy. Men,women, and children — dubbed "Bianchi" because oftheir white robes — joined in pious processions lasting nine days. Drawing on a wide range of sources,including diaries, hymns, and government reports,ihe author analyzes both the spiritual and politicaldimensions ol the movement.Howard N. Rabinowilz, AM'67, PhD'73, Race Ethnicity, and Urbanisation: Selected Essays (Universityol Missouri Press). With a provocative introductiondiscussing ways in which "Historians With Attitude,' or The politically and poststruclurally correct," have tianslormcd history as a discipline overthe past 50 years, this book brings together previously published articles by the author on such sub-I cc is as the origins of segregation, changing assessments of black leadership, and the writing olethnic history.Ellen Ross, AB'64, PhD'75, Love and Toil: Motherhood in Outcast London 1870-1918 (Oxford University Press). Describing a set of social arrangementsfor the care of infants and children distinct in manyways to British working people in the generationsbefore 1918, this portrait of mothers, fathers, andchildren (and their neighborhoods) is based on oralhistories and autobiographies, hospital archives,contemporary journals, and court records — and isintended as contribution to the history of motherhood as a malleable and changing institutionembedded in wider social and economic histories.MEDICINE AND HEALTHDaniel Rosenblum, SB'62, MD'66, A Time to Hear,A Time to Help: Listening to People with Cancer (TheFree Press). This book draws on the author's longexperience as a leading oncologist to explore thebest way that friends, relatives, and even physicianscan help people with cancer: to treat them as fullyhuman beings, rather than as "cancer patients."peaffotwee-i^ So****l^a. ia IP't'e-tfoh.The Sound of Silence (see Social Sciences).Philip W. Smith, MD'72, editor, Infection Controlin Long-Term Care Facilities (Delmar Publishers)With chapters by medical experts on the problem ofinfectious diseases in nursing homes — paying special attention to epidemics, preventive measures,and infection-control programs — this is the secondedition of the only textbook in an area of increasingimportance as the numbers of geriatric patients risesand the complexity of medical problems in nursinghomes grows.POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAWGeorge H. Faust, PhD'46, The Ethics of Violence:The Study of a Fractured World (University Press ofAmerica). Faust examines the history of violence andterrorism — forces, he argues, that are accelerating toproportions that threaten to annihilate humanity.Ronald Kahn, AM'67, PhD'73, The Supreme Courtand Constitutional Theory, 1953-1993 (UniversityPress of Kansas). Dedicated to the late William MBenton Distinguished Professor in Political Scienceand the College, J. David Greenstone, AM'60, PhD'63, this book seeks lo revise our understandingof Supreme Court decision-making and its relation toconstitutional theory in the eras of chief justicesBurger, Warren, and Rehnquist. In the process, Kahnchallenges stereotypes of an activist Warren Courttrying to regulate individual rights, and of a visionlessBurger Court hiding in its predecessor's shadows.Charles H. Kennedy, JD'76, An Introduction toU.S. Telecommunications Law (Artech House). Thisbook surveys constraints on the telecommunications industry imposed by antitrust laws and stateand federal regulations. An appendix introduces theprinciples of economic analysis on which telecommunications regulation increasingly relies,David Rosenbloom, AM'66, PhD'69, DeborahGoldman, and Patricia lngraham, editors, Contemporary Public Administration (McGraw-Hill), and DavidRosenbloom and Richard Schwartz, editors, Hand-book of Regulation and Administrative Law (MarcelDekker). The first book, an M.P.A. course reader,serves as a guide to the issues, perspectives, vocabulary, and knowledge that comprise contemporarypublic administration in the U.S. It contains 34 previously published selections ranging from acknowledged classics to cutting-edge theory. The secondbook is an interdisciplinary reference, combiningadministrative and legal analysis to present a broadoverview of key topics in regulatory policy, administration, and administrative law.RECREATIONCarol Foster, AM'74, Short Cuts to Great Cuisine:Recipes, Tips and Strategics (Crossing Press). Packedwith information for cooks of all skill levels, this bookshows that it is possible to satisfy sophisticated palatesat a fraction of the cost of dining out. Supplyingrecipes for complete, quickly prepared appetizers,entrees, and desserts, the author — a Certified Culinary Professional — peppers the book with more than200 time-saving tips for preparation and presentation.RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHYDavid W. Kling, PhD'85, A Field of Divine Wonders (Pennsylvania State University Press). Focusingon the late-18th-century village revivals sparked byNew Divinity minister Edward Dorr Griffin andother theological heirs of Jonathan Edwards, thisbook (the winner of the Kenneth Scott LatourettePrize in Religion and Modern History) integratesthe history of ideas with collective biography,modes of discourse, gender studies, social andquantitative history, and local community studies tosupply a "new religious history."William L. Sachs, PhD'81, The Transformation ofAnglicanism: From State Church to Global Communion (Cambridge University Press). Examining historical, social, cultural, and ideological contexts thathave shaped modern efforts in the Anglican traditionof self-understanding, Sachs argues that modernityand world mission have changed Anglicanism indeep, pervasive ways. He goes on to contrast Anglicanism with both the style of Roman Catholicismand the characteristically Protestant emphasis onindividual conversion apart from concern with theChurch and its tradition.SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYTerence R. Anthoney, MD'68, PhD'75, Neuroanatomy and the Neurologic Exam: A Thesaurus ofSynonyms, Similar-Sounding Non-Synonyms, andTerms of Variable Meaning (CRC Press). Documenting usage in a large sample of recent texts in basicand clinical neuroscience, the author makes explicitthe semantic problems that have long confrontedstudents and practitioners of human neurology. This46 University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994book helps identify and deal with such problems asthey relate to thousands of specific terms — anddescribes the geographical, clinical vs. nonclinical,and historical origins of current conflicting usage.Anura Goonasekera, AM'76, PhD'83, Asian Communication Handbook (AM1C). This handbookexplores the communication histories, laws, rulesand regulations, present status, trends, and futuredevelopments of 12 Asian countries. It includes anup-to-date, comprehensive bibliography on communications studies and a list of selected mass-communication training institutions and communicationsorganizations in Asia.SOCIAL SCIENCEST. L. Brink, AM'74, PhD'78, editor, The ForgottenAged: Ethnic, Psychiatric and Society Perspectives(Haworth Press). This book considers mental-healthissues involving aging African-American, Hispanic,gay and lesbian, rural, and developmentally disabledpeople.Robert S. Cantwell, AM'67, Ethnomimesis (University of North Carolina Press). The author usessuch diverse artifacts as King Lear and an 18th-century English manor garden to deepen his readers'understanding of ethnomimesis: the process bywhich we take cultural influences, traditions, andpractices to ourselves and then manifest them toothers. Cantwell also explores the representation ofculture at the Smithsonian, focusing particularly onits annual Festival of American Folklife.George H. Klumpner, SB'45, MD'48, A Guide to theLanguage of Psychoanalysis: An Empirical Study of theRelationships among Psychoanalytic Terms and Concepts (International Universities Press). Intended as aresearch tool and a historical document, this volumesupports the hypothesis that psychoanalysis is a network or system of interrelated ideas.Mindie Lazarus-Black, PhD'90, Legitimate Acts andIllegal Encounters: Law and Society in Antigua and Barbuda (Smithsonian Institution Press). Examining 300years of social life on the Caribbean islands of Antiguaand Barbuda, the author uses a theoretical frameworkdrawn from Foucault's distinction between "systemsof legalities" and "systems of illegalities" to argue thatthe continuing struggle between lawmakers and thenonruling class has shaped the distinctive character ofCreole kinship, class, and gender.Paul Preston, AB'72, AM'73, Mother Father Deaf:Living between Sound and Silence (Harvard UniversityPress). "Mother Father Deaf is a commonly usedphrase within the deaf community to refer to hearingchildren of deaf parents. The author, one of thesechildren, examines the process of assimilation andcultural affiliation in a population whose lives incorporate the paradox of being culturally deaf, yet functionally hearing, Based on 150 interviews with adulthearing children of deaf parents throughout the U.S.,this book charts the middle ground between spokenand signed language, sameness and otherness, thestigmatizing and the stigmatized.Vernon W. Ruttan, AM'50, PhD'52, Agriculture,Environment, and Health: Sustainable Development inthe 21st Century (University of Minnesota Press).Offering an analysis of global changes in institutionaldesign and policy reform that ultimately will promotesustainable growth in agriculture production, internationally known contributors to this volume — fromthe agricultural, health, environmental, and socialsciences — argue that an interdisciplinary approach isessential to dealing with global agricultural problems.For inclusion in "Books by Alumni," please sendthe name of the book, its author, its publisher, anda short synopsis to the Books Editor, University ofChicago Magazine, 5757 S. Woodlawn Ave.,Chicago, IL 60637. Other VoicesContinued from page 48Hall, President Hutchins spoke to a packedaudience of students and faculty on ourresponsibilities in wartime. At the regularMonday meeting of the Maroon, editor DickPhilbrick said good-bye to his staff. He wasin the Naval Reserve and had been calledup. As he spoke, we suddenly realized thatall those farewell scenes we had watched inthe movies were going to be real — and thatwe would be actors in them.After Pearl Harbor, events moved swiftly.The Germans occupied France; the Japanesedefeated the U.S. Navy at the Battle of theJava Sea; Corregidor fell; and U.S. prisonerswere forced to make the Bataan Death Marchto prison camps. Japanese Americans on theWest Coast were rounded up and movedinto hastily set-up "relocation camps." Meat,butter, and shoes began to be rationed.There were changes in the quadrangles,too. The Coast Guard took over some of themen's dorms; meteorology students in uniform marched to classes in Rosenwald andCobb; and a number of our professors suddenly had addresses in Washington. In thespring of 1942, an accident in a secretincendiary project at Jones Chemical Laboratory caused a furiously destructive fire. Iremember sitting in a PhySci discussionclass listening to the fire engines race by.Our discussion leader, Theodore Ashford,couldn't stop glancing out the window atthe flames coming from the building whereso many of his colleagues were working. Bythe time the fire was put out, much of thethird-floor laboratory was destroyed, andthree men were seriously injured.Under Stagg Field's west stands, wheresome of us used to play squash, the mysterious "Metallurgical Project" was growing.Enrico Fermi presided over the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction there inDecember 1942. There was a slight elementof doubt as to whether the reaction might goon to ignite the atmosphere, but all wentwell. Of course, we knew nothing of thatworld-shaking event taking place in ourmidst, although some of us were employedin minor capacities on the project,By the beginning of 1943, the war seemeda permanent part of our lives. Many of ourclassmates (and professors) had gone intothe service or into war work, and therewere weddings nearly every weekend inBond and Hilton chapels. Marriages anduniforms seemed to go together. Popularsongs included "I'll Be Seeing You,""Coining in on a Wing and a Prayer," "Don'tSit under the Apple Tree with Anyone Else but Me," and "White Christmas." At themovies, we watched Jane Eyre with OrsonWelles and Joan Fontaine, and Casablancawith Ingrid Bergman and HumphreyBogart. Thomas Hart Benton painted JulyHay, and Jackson Pollock had his first one-man show.Overseas, U.S. forces had joined with theBritish to drive the Germans out of NorthAfrica, and the invasion of Italy had begun.An American, Dwight D. Eisenhower, wasnamed Supreme Commander of the AlliedExpeditionary Force to plan the invasion ofEurope. The U.S. Marines moved into theMarshall Islands and the Marianas, and theU.S. Fifth Army drove the Germans out ofRome. The tide was beginning to turn.Indeed, our last year at the University ofChicago was a momentous time for us andfor the world. We were all hard at work onour majors by now and spent most of ourtime in small classrooms with specialists.While we wrote our term papers and prepared for our exams, we were very muchaware of what was going on in the worldoutside. We knew there were no safe ivorytowers.On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under General Eisenhower began the invasion ofEurope by establishing a beachhead in Normandy. It was the long-awaited D day. Aweek later in Chicago, members of our classwere donning cap and gown for our lastmarch down the aisle of RockefellerChapel. It was our commencement.Was there ever a four-year period likethat? No wonder we grew up in a hurry.Time may never move so fast for us again,and yet those years at the University gave usan incomparable perspective: There's nothing like reading Herodotus when the worldseems to be falling apart.The knowledge and wisdom that make upthe good life are durable gifts. Although theexcitement of those long ago days is over,there are still black days and golden daysahead for all of us, and our experiences atthe University prepared us to survive theblack, and to cherish the gold.foan Wehlen Morrison, AB'44, teaches at theNew School for Social Research in New YorkCity. The author of American Mosaic: TheImmigrant Experience in the Words ofThose Who Lived It, Morrison is at work onFrom Camelot to Kent State, a look at the1960s as seen in the stories of individual mmand women who lived through some of thatdecade's dramatic events.University of Chicago Magazine/June 1994 470 ther VokesHistoryLessonBy Joan Wehlen MorrisonWhen time has spilt the haze ofgrey/On all the days that noware gold or black...." I wrotethose lines of verse as a studentpoet looking into the future. Fifty yearslater, I read them and look back.Those days of 1940-1944 were indeedgold or black, most especially that last weekin September 1940 when we were 17- or18-ycar-old freshmen at the University ofChicago. Black days for the world: France,Belgium, Holland, Norway, and Denmarkhad fallen to the Germans. Poland had beentorn into two, and the Allied troops hadbarely escaped from the beaches atDunkirk, leaving much of their equipmentbehind. The RAF was holding off theBlitzkrieg as best it could, and the fate ofBritain was in the balance.But for most of us — and remember wewere young — the days were gold. Ourimmediate concern was what to wear on thefirst day of Orientation. Chicago was sweltering in one of its infamous late-Septemberheat waves, and our new college wardrobesof tweeds, sweaters, and corduroys werewildly inappropriate. Most of us opted forthem anyhow and showed our stamina bysurviving five days of 80-degree temperatures without a single case of heatstroke.Of course, we had other, more weightyproblems on our minds — registration,schedules, electives, living arrangements,the intricate structure of Orientation Weekitself Somehow we got through it all, fromthe first brisk physical at Student Health(two minutes for heart, lungs, throat, bloodsample, one minute for chest X ray, ten seconds lor psychiatric scrutiny) to the finalexciting crush ol the Freshman Mixer at IdaNoyes. At the end, vvc linked arms and sang"Auld Lang Sync" with all those newfriends who were to become old friends —who arc still old friends. While we wrote our termpapers and prepared for ourexams, we were very muchaware of what was going onin the world outside. Weknew there were no safeivory towers.On September 30, 1940, classes started,and we began to get acquainted with morenew old friends: Plato, Aristotle, Euripides,Herodotus, Hobbes, Mill, Malthus, St.Thomas Aquinas, and other excitingthinkers from the past. Anton Carlson gavehis unforgettable lectures in BioSci,Norman Maclean introduced us to Blakeand Donne, and genial Zens Smith managedto give even the most resistant of students aglimpse of the wonders of the calculus inthe great lecture hall of Eckhart.In addition to new friends and new ideas,we were discovering new groups: PoetryClub; Collegium Musician; DA.; the Maroon;and science, hobby, and sports associations.Some of us were falling in love for the first(and second, and third, and fourth) times.During that first year of ours, Hungary,Rumania, and Bulgaria joined the Axis; theItalians attacked the British in North Africa;and Finland surrendered to the Soviet Union. Trotsky was assassinated in MexicoCity, and Goring was appointed The element neptuniumwas discovered, and the first experimentalcolor TV broadcast was made. Girls beganwearing nylon stockings, and everyone wasreading For Wlwm the Bell Tolls. In occupiedFrance, the now world-famous cave of Las-caux, the "Sistine Chapel of Prehistoric Art,"was entered for the first time in 20,000years. John Ford won an Oscar for TheGrapes of Wrath, and Fantasia was drawingcrowds all over the country. At the IF Ball,Wash Prom, and countless private parties,we danced to "Maybe," "The White Cliffs ofDover," and "The Last Time I Saw Paris."The jukebox in the C-Shop played "JavaJive" incessantly.In Washington, the Selective Training andService Act was passed, an embargo wasplaced on the shipment of scrap metalabroad, and 50 outdated American destroyers were sent to Great Britain. While wewere studying for the Humanities Comp.,Athens and the Greek islands were beingoverrun, and the American merchant shipRobin Moor was sunk by a submarine. OnJune 22, 1941, the temperature was 98degrees in Chicago, and Germany invadedRussia. It was quite a freshman year.By the time we came back in the autumnof 1941, no one could deny the shadow onour gold days. Some of our classmates werefilling out draft questionnaires, and the C-Shop was filled with girls knitting for theBritish War Relief. There were "Aid theAides" meetings in Mandel Hall and RedCross collection tables in Harper. TheLend-Lease Act was in effect; the Germansunder Rommel captured Tobruk; andLeningrad was under siege. Unknown to us,a secret project to develop an atomic bombwas being set up at the University under thedirection of Nobel Prize-winning physicistArthur Holly Compton.On December 7, 1941, time seemed tohalt for a moment. None of us will everforget that bright, cold Sunday when thenews of the attack on Pearl Harbor firstreached us, nor the next morning in theReynolds Club when we sat in hushedsilence listening to President Roosevelt'sDeclaration of War. Afterward, in MandelContinued on page 4748 University of Chicago Magazine/June iwDecent proposal: Marjorie rvovierfellow Robert Redford visited campusApril 27-28, anil screened hisfilm-in-pi ogress, Quiz Show. Redford alsogave $3,000 to University Theater'seducational outreach program, whichoffers inner-city students the chance towork with UT members on theatricaloroductions. Photo by Matthew Gilson.On the open market: earrings for sale at the 57th Street Art Fair. Photograph by Matthew Gilson.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERobie House, 5757 WoodlawnChicago, IL 60637ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED