HE UNIVERSITY OFMAGAZINE 2fL ^?1 § JIS :_^. ,^ :;^jSB JpEC 199^1>^ Hugo Sonnenschein becomes the University's 1 1 th president>€- *.. ..v ^^x^m% M J^"'W<:- ...g ¦¦ '^ : 4W«. ¦;..;. . ¦ ¦ ¦¦k? \hs**'• ¦*»* • V*k^C hicagoVOLUME 86, NUMBER 2 DECEMBER 1993 ^^^^^^DEPARTMENTS2 Editor's notes3 Letters6 EventsA blizzard of winter offerings.8 Course workAt the U ofC, there's no"Rocfes/orjochs." Instead,there's Rocky Kolb.10 Chicago journalIs the Nobel Prize inEconomic Sciences Jastbecoming a "local" award?Plus: winning seasons,visiting artists, and buildingdedications.16 InvestigationsA cure for diabetes?Hemophilia? Even heartdisease? The miracle may begene therapy.36 Alumni chronicleWhat's new with the AlumniBoard of Governors.38 Class news43 Deaths45 Books by alumni48 Other voicesRichard Shweder on one ofthe "ten commandments"of a liberal education:Don't stand up when yourprofessor enters the room. 182632 AN INAUGURAL ALRUMIn the company of scholarsThe weather was chilly and the ambiance warm whenthe University of Chicago ceremonially welcomed HugoSonnenschein as its eleventh president.MARY RUTH YOETrail markers for ChicagoWhat will see the University through the troubled thickets facing higher education are its "Chicago" qualities.HUGO SONNENSCHEINDefining momentsAn anthropologist who studies ritual takes a look atwhat the inaugural ceremony really meant.KAREN RICHMANFirst impressionsA brief tour of inaugurals past — it all started, like somuch else, with Robert Maynard Hutchins.TIM OBERMILLERCover: On the morning of his October 20 inauguration, Hugo Sonnnenschein combines a photoshoot with a quick review of his speech.Opposite: A few minutes later, he's on his wayto Bartlett Gymnasium to don academic robes.Inside back cover: Lab Schoolers watch theparade go by. Photographs by Dan Dry.EditorMary Ruth YoeManaging EditorTim Andrew ObermillerAssociate EditorJaclyn H. ParkArt DirectorAllen CarrollEditorial AssistantCatherine A. Mitchell, AB'93Student AssistantJeanette Harrison, '94Contributing EditorJamie KalvenEditorial office: The University of ChicagoMagazine, Robie House, 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312) 702-2163 Fax (312) 702-2166.The Magazine is sent to all University ofChicago alumni. The University of ChicagoAlumni Association has its offices at RobieHouse, 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue,Chicago, IL 60637. Telephone (312) 702-2150 Fax (312) 702-2166.The University of Chicago AlumniAssociation Board of Governors:Officers: William C. Naumann, MBA'75,president; Richard L. Bechtolt, PhB'46,AM'50, Wee president; Jack J. Carlson,AB'40, treasurer; Linda Thoren Neal, AB'64,JD'67, secretary; and Jeanne Buiter,MBA'86, executive director.Clifford K. Chiu, MBA'82; N. Gwyn Cready,AB'83, MBA'86; Robert Feitler, X'46; TrinaN. Frankel, AB'64; Caroline Heck, AB'71;Warren Heemann, 'Vice President, Development and Alumni Relations; Le Roy J.Hines, AM'78; Randy Holgate, 'AssociateVice President, Development; Susan Carlson Hull, AB'82; Michael J. Klingensmith,AB'75, MBA'76; Patricia Klowden, AB'67;Michael C. Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76; JosephD. LaRue, AM'59; Robert F. Levey, AB'66;Katherine Dusak Miller, AB'65, MBA'68,PhD'71 ; Theodore A. O'Neill, AM'70, *Deanof College Admissions; Susan W. Parker,AB'65; Harvey B. Plotnick, AB'63; Louise E.Rehling, AM'70, SM'74; Jean MacleanSnyder, AB'63, JD'79; David M. Terman,AB'55, SB'56, MD'59; Mary B. Van Meeren-donk, AB'64; Peter O. Vandervoort, AB'54,SB'55, SM'56, PhD'60; Marshall I. Wais, Jr.,AB'63; Gregory G. Wrobel, AB'75, JD'78,MBA'79; Mary Ruth Yoe, 'Editor, Universityof Chicago Magazine.* Ex OfficioMagazine Advisory Committee: Michael J.Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76, chair; RichardL. Bechtolt, PhB'46, AM'50; Robert Feitler,X'46; Mary Lou Gorno, MBA'76; Neil Harris,the Preston and Sterling Morton Professor inHistory; Susan Carlson Hull, AB'82; MichaelC. Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76; Robert F. Levey,AB'66; Katherine Dusak Miller, AB'65,MBA'68, PhD'71 ; Marva Watkins, AB'63.The University of Chicago Magazine (ISSN-0041-9508) is published bimonthly (October,December, February, April, June, andAugust) by the University of Chicago incooperation with the Alumni Association,Robie House, 5757 S. WoodlawnAvenue,Chicago IL 60637. Published continuouslysince 1907. Second-class postage paid atChicago and additional mailing offices.POSTMASTER: send address changes tothe University of Chicago Magazine, AlumniRecords, Robie House, 5757 S. WoodlawnAvenue, Chicago, IL 60637. © 1993 University of Chicago. Editors NotesFIRST ENCOUNTERS OF THE CLOSE KIND!The man in the bicycle helmet andthe U of C sweatshirt is — youguessed it — Hugo Sonnenschein. On theSunday following his October 20th installation as the University's eleventh president,Sonnenschein joined Dean of the CollegeJohn Boyer, AM'69, PhD'75, and a contingent of cyclists on an early-morning ridealong the lake.It was far from the only chance that members of the campus and the communityhave had to see the new president "up closeand personal." The evening after his biketrip, for example, Sonnenschein and hiswife, Beth, held a reception for Hyde Parkcivic and business leaders. Earlier in themonth, 24 hours after their furniture hadbeen delivered, the Sonnenscheins playedhost to the Alumni Board of Governors.And the Saturday before his inauguration,Sonnenschein turned up in the chilly drizzle for the Homecoming game.Half-time found the prez being introducedas a last-minute entrant in the pizza toss, asemi-athletic event where contestants taketurns flinging a larger-than-life Frisbeepizza; whoever throws the pizza the farthestreceives a certificate for an academic year'ssupply of Jake's pizza. Sonnenschein didn'ttake home the pies but, wearing a Maroonsbaseball cap and taking aim with the pizzadisc, he gave the Maroon photographer aphoto op — and the Maroon editor a head line op: "Ultimate Hugo."Since Sonnenschein's arrival from Princeton this past July, reports of "Hugo sightings" in Hyde Park have become socommon that, like sightings of UFOs orElvis, they've lost some of their conversational clout. Why the hubbub? Noveltyplays a major role, of course. Sonnenscheinis the first "outsider" to lead the institutionsince 1961, when George Beadle arrivedfrom Cal Tech to become President No. 7.And although meeting a new president isadmittedly much more momentous thanmeeting a new neighbor or co-worker, inone way it's the same. In introducing yourself, you get a chance to review who you areor why you do what you do.And so, whether Hugo Sonnenscheincame to dinner at Brent House, dropped inon a Calvert House barbeque, admired theneighborhood's gracious brick apartmenthouses, sat with the first-years to hear anddiscuss the annual "Aims of Education"address — or pedaled a bike along the lake —his presence has let all of the people he'smet do what it's often useful to do: take afresh look at themselves. — M.R.Y.In our October report on the GraduateSchool of Business's new international executive M.B.A. program ("Chicago Journal,"page 12), we incorrectly stated the cost ofthe Barcelona-based program. Tuition forthe 18-month course is actually $40,400.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993LettersFor love or studyJ just finished reading Frank Faeth's letter(August/93) suggesting an article on allthe marriages that have begun at the Uof C. Heck, When Harry Met Sally even documents one!Anyway, I vote yes. My husband Scottand I met at a fraternity party at the end ofhis senior and my freshman year. Fouryears later, we married. I know of severalother Chicago couples, including ones whoare on their way to the altar, but are notthere yet.Please consider such an article.Ann Hoffman, AB'89ChicagoThe data is inOwad some power the giftie gie us tosave oursels from pedants who wishto teach us! (With all apologies toMr. Burns, who deserves them!)In the August/93 issue of the Magazine,poor, benighted Lloyd B. Urdahl, PhD'59,writes that the word data must be used withare, not is. One must assume that his degreewas received in 1859 (if that were possible),not 1959.The word data has been used as a singularnoun for many years. Even the Merriam-Webster Ninth Collegiate Edition, first published in 1983, states on page 325,"Although still occas. marked with a disapproving [sic] , data is well established bothas a singular and as a plural noun. The singular data is regularly used as a mass noundenoting a collection of material; it isalmost never used as a count noun equivalent to datum."Just about every other contemporary dictionary, including the third edition of TheAmerican Heritage diction-ary of the EnglishLanguage, which has become a new standard, agrees.Mr. Urdahl simply must learn that boththe English and American languageschange, and so must we. Classical Latin,which is the source for datum and data,does not and, try as I may, I cannot learnwhen Latin was the language of the UnitedStates. Perhaps Mr. Urdahl knows.Judson H. Spenser, MBA'47New York A learning environment?J read, with considerable interest, theitem in the "Chicago Journal" section(June/93) regarding the University'snew undergraduate concentration in environmental studies. Unfortunately, it doesnot appear to be very "concentrated" ifmost of the courses will be taken fromother disciplines — "social sciences, mathematics, chemistry, biology, and the humanities." It makes one wonder where thefaculty looked for models of environmentalstudies programs, especially when the Deanof the College thinks that it's such a goodidea that "a lot of other schools will be following our lead" !I am a faculty member at a college of environmental studies that is just going into itstwenty-third year of accepting students, andwe are wondering about some of our moreprestigious sister institutions, what tookyou so long? And why didn't you ask usabout our experience?Ernst L. Gayden, PhB'48Bellingham, WashingtonGray days of yoreYour Hanna Gray retrospective(June/93) was most enjoyable, but Imust admit that I was somewhat disappointed that your standards of journalismobviously stop somewhere short of full disclosure. To wit: I find it interesting that neither Ms. Gray, whose tenure as president ofthe University so recently ended, noranother prominent Chicago personality,former Bears Coach Mike Ditka, haveannounced definite plans for next year.Coach Ditka's departure from the Bearsneatly coincided (a little too neatly, don'tyou think?) with Ms. Gray's final year at theUniversity. I can only speculate why thiswasn't discussed in your article, but 1believe that these events are a confirmationof that ancient poem (by Catullus, Ibelieve);Liquid soap boiling in stainless steel potsFlying insects with moving purple spotsAunt Jemima wants to see the Nepal skiesHanna Gray is Coach Mike Ditka in disguise.Bruce Geryk, AB'90Chicago THEUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATIONUniversity of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 3Opportunities Must Be SeenTo Be SeizedLet ProNet uncover challenging opportunities that may be of interest to you, while you're busydoing what you do best.Whether or not you are currently looking for a job, people do make offers you can't refuse. TheChicago ProNet service is designed to keep you abreast of challenging opportunities in a variety offields, including high-tech, venture capital, Fortune 500, start-ups, bio-tech, pharmaceuticals, aerospace,and many more.Here's how it works. A company calls ProNet and requests a search for the individual with the skillsthey need. This request is cross-matched against the profiles of participating alumni. If you're the onethey're looking for, you'll be notified. Confidentiality is maintained throughout and you can restrict therelease of your profile.It's easy. When you receive a ProNet information package, fill out the Registration Request form andreturn it to the Alumni Association. ProNet will then send you a complete registration kit. The registrationfee is nominal, only $25.For a ProNet information package, please write to the Chicago ProNet Registration Department,The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5757 So. Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, or call(312) 752-8350.Request for informationFor a book project on the late Mr.Keiwy Hugh Chang (1903-74), Iwould be grateful if anyone remembering Mr. Chang would write to me at:1760 State St., Apt. 7; So. Pasadena, CA91030-2130.Mr. Chang attended the old University ofChicago School of Commerce and Management, now the Graduate School of Business,off and on from 1927 to 1929. He did notreceive a degree.From the U of C, he went on to workbriefly with the Armour Meatpacking Company before returning to his home countryof China, where he fought alongside MaoTse Dung and Dung Xiao Ping, helpedestablish the People's Republic of China'snew agricultural guidelines, and eventuallyset up and became the first dean of theShenyang Agricultural University.Jorge RibeiroSouth Pasadena, CaliforniaReward and sacrificeDaily, as a therapist, I work to solvethe problems of others. It took mesomewhat by surprise, therefore, todiscover that the approach of my 60thbirthday was heralded first by a period ofseeming isolation and then by a search todiscern the balance achieved betweenreward and sacrifice in the interest of others(principally my family), and in the interestof my career.1 would appreciate hearing from your readers, age 50 and older, describing the issue Inow think of as "What I Did for Love."Please write me at "...For Love" Research,P.O. Box 16660, Beverly Hills, CA 90209. Allcorrespondence will be completely confidential. I need know only age and sex.My expectation is to develop theseresponses (which I believe will be inspiring,instructing, and surprising) into an anthology demonstrating the national mood of theolder and, it is hoped, wiser generation.Miriam HarrisBeverly Hills, CaliforniaThe University of Chicago Magazine invitesletters from readers on the contents of themagazine or on topics related to the University. Letters for publication, which must besigned, may be edited for length and/or clarity. To ensure the widest range of voices possible, preference will be given to letters of nomore than 500 words. Letters should beaddressed to: Editor, University of ChicagoMagazine, 5757 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL60637. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOINTEREEKENDSThe Evolution of the Natural World: From the Birthof Time to the Death of the DinosaursJanuary 22-23, 1994% What happened in the first minutes of the Big Bang?# What's the recipe for primordial soup?% What made life possible on earth — and how long will it stay thatway?Discuss these and other fundamental questions about the evolutionof our universe with U. of C. scientists Robert Clayton, DavidJablonski, Edward Kolb, and Michael LaBarbera. Lectures,demonstrations, and dinosaur lab.Dependency and Disrepute:The Uneasy Case for CompassionFebruary 12-13, 1994* How do we really feel towards dependent human beings — theaged, the mentally ill, the economically impoverished?* How are these attitudes displayed in texts from laws to lyricpoetry?Professors Edward and Margaret Rosenheim will lead an exploration of the attitudes with which society approaches the dependent,offering challenging problems and thought provoking readingsfrom a decade of research into the uneasy case forcompassion.Winter Weekends are sponsored by the Alumni Association inconjunction with the Center for Continuing Studies. Forinformation, fill in the form below or call 312/702-2160.Please send me information on the 1994 Winter Weekends!Name ____AddressCity,State,Zip .Daytime Telephone | Return to Winter Weekends, Robie House, 5757 Woodlawn Ave, Chicago, IL 60637University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 5The CenterforMiddle Eastern StudiesUniversity of Chicago1994 TRAVEL PROGRAMSJourneys for the adventuroustraveler, student, or scholar of anyage, interest, or background whowishes to explore lands of naturalwonders, historical treasures, andcultural diversitywestern turkey andcappadociaJuly 27 - Aug 15$3,800 per person (air and land)TURKISH RIVIERA GULLETCRUISEAug. 12-22$2,300 per person(land and cruise only)MEDITERRANEAN TURKEYAND CYPRUSAug 19 - Sept 6$4,100 per person (air and land)TURKEY AND CENTRAL ASIASept 2-20$4,500 per person (air and land)Host Professors:Dr. Richard L.Chambersand Dr. John E.WoodsFOR MORE INFORMATION, WRITEOR CALL^^ f OtlCAAOf640 South FederalSuite 706Chicago, IL 60605Phone: (312) 939-3194 EventsExhibitionsVessels of Meaning: Modern British Ceramics,through March 6. Highlighting a gift from P. N.Barnes-The London Gallery, this exhibition showcases more than 25 earthenware, porcelain, andstoneware vessels made by such leading ceramists asAlison Britton, Ewen Henderson, and Walter Keeler.Smart Museum of Art; call 702-0200.Will Cuppy: The Natural History of a ModemHumorist, through January 24. As a columnist forthe New Yorker and the Saturday Evening Post,Cuppy, PhB'07, AMT4, satirized evolutionarytheory and commented on the ironies of life. Drawnfrom Cuppy's papers and the University's archives,the exhibition also traces the writer's years at the Uof C. Department of Special Collections, RegensteinLibrary; call 702-8705.Turn of the Century.. .Home, January 16-Febru-ary 27. Focusing on the resurgence of innovativesingle-family home design, this exhibition ofChicago architects includes drawings, plans, andmodels for both real and imagined projects, andexamines how changing lifestyles and definitions for"family" and "home" are influencing contemporarydesign. Renaissance Society; call 702-8670.An Eye for Antiquity, January 20-March 13. Featuring photographs from the Tampa Museum of Artand from the private collection of Mr. and Mrs.William Knight Zewadski, this exhibition illustratesthe fascination that photographers and their audiences have had for the remains of the classical past.Spanning the history of photography from the earliest daguerreotype of the 1860s to contemporarymanipulations of photographic processes, theseimages include works by the 19th-century architectural photographers Robert MacPherson, FrancisFrith, and William Stillman; modem artists, such asF. Holland Day and Aaron Siskind; and contemporary photographers, such as Evelyn Hofer, AdamFuss, and Olivia Parker. Smart Museum of Art; call702-0200.Stephen A. Douglas and the American Union,February 12-June 15. Marking a recent gift from theDouglas family, this exhibition explores the interrelationship of the Illinois senator's personal andpublic life. Douglas (1813-61), a leader in the struggle to preserve the federal union through sectionalcompromise, began his career in frontier Illinois,married into a prominent southern family, andplayed a philanthropic role in founding the originalUniversity of Chicago. Printed and written documents, as well as photographs, trace the growingpolitical turmoil of the 1850s, and the four-waypresidential election of 1860 that propelled a less-established Illinois rival, Abraham Lincoln, into theWhite House. Department of Special Collections,Regenstein Library; call 702-8705.LecturesAspects of Herodotus as a Historian, January 23at 2 p.m. As part of the Works of the Mind Lectures,David Grene, professor in the Committee on SocialThought, speaks on the Greek historian. Judd Hallauditorium; call 702-1722.Vocal Master Class with Maria Lagios, February 5 at 1 p.m. Chicago-area soprano Maria Lagios willpresent a lecture, with demonstrations, to studentsand the general public. Goodspeed Hall, recitalroom; call 702-6063.Aeschylus' Orestcia: The Psychological Dimensions of Love and Hatred in Clytemnestra's Searchfor Appropriate Vengeance, February 20 at 2 p.m.Raymond Ciacci, AM'84, PhD'90, a lecturer in theHumanities Collegiate Division, speaks as part ofthe Works of the Mind Lectures. Judd Hall auditorium; call 702-1722.TheaterA Delicate Balance, January 7-February 13. CourtTheatre presents Edward Albee's Pulitzer Prize-winning social comedy, in which a suburban couple'shousehold is disturbed by an alcoholic sister, theirdistraught daughter, and selfish "best friends."Terry McCabe guest directs Ann Stevenson Whitneyand Court executive director Nicholas Rudall as themodem couple. Court Theatre; call 753-4472.Off-Off-Campus, Fridays, January 28-March 4 at9 p.m. University Theater's improvisational comedytroupe presents its 21st revue. University Church,second-floor theater; call 702-3414.Orpheus Descending, February 11-19 at 8 p.m. Inthis Tennessee Williams tragedy, a blues-playingdrifter wanders into a small southern town, awakening painful memories and a wife's long-dormantdesires. This University Theater productionexplores the fate of those who defy societal mores.Reynolds Club First Floor Theater; call 702-3414.MusicTrio Tchaikovsky, January 14 at 8 p.m. As part ofthe University's Chamber Music Series, this Russiangroup, on its North American debut tour, will perform a program of Mozart, Dvorak, andShostakovich. Mandel Hall; call 702-8068.Contemporary Chamber Players Ensemble, January 21 and February 25 at 8 p.m. Guest conductedby Harvey Sollberger and Stephen Mosko, respectively. Mandel Hall; call 702-6063.Julianne Baird with Ronn McFarlane, January 28at 8 p.m. This soprano and lutist duo perform 17th-century English songs which explore themes oflove, romance, and nature. The program includesworks by Robert Johnson and John Dowland.Mandel Hall; call 702-8068.University Symphony Orchestra Mid-WinterConcert, January 29 at 8 p.m. This program, conducted by Barbara Schubert, features JosephSchwantner's New Morning for the World: "Daybreakof Freedom, " for orchestra and narrator and basedon Martin Luther King, Jr.'s writings; Joan Tower'sFanfare for the Uncommon Woman,; and selectedworks by Antonin Dvorak. Mandel Hall; call 702-8068.Bruce Tammen with Kit Bridges, February 4 at 8p.m. Accompanied by pianist Bridges, Tammen,AM'74, will perform Schubert's Winterreise. Good-speed Hall, recital room; call 702-6063.Luther College Nordic Choir, February 6 at 4p.m. Weston Noble directs this college choir in a6 University or Chicago Magazine/December 1993program of J. S. Bach, Chesnokov, Distler, Hassler,Ingegneri, Mendelssohn, and Rachmaninov. TheIowa college choir has toured in the United States,Europe, the Caribbean, and Mexico, and has madeseveral television appearances. Rockefeller Memorial Chapel; call 702-6063.Lydian Siring Quartet. February 1 1 at 8 p.m. TheChamber Music Series features baritone SanfordSylvan and pianist David Breitman in a program ofFaure, Barber, and Ravel. Mandel Hall; call 702-8068.University Chamber Orchestra Winter Concert,February 12 at 8 p.m. Guy Victor Bordo conducts.Goodspeed Hall; call 702-8068.The Tallis Scholars, February 13 at 3 p.m. Inmemory of the late Howard Mayer Brown, who wasthe University's Ferdinand Schevill distinguishedservice professor in music, and as part of the International Early Music Series, Peter Phillips directsthis English a cappella group in a concert of worksby Palestrina and Allegri. Rockefeller MemorialChapel; call 702-8068.New Music Ensemble Winter Concert, February20 at 8 p.m. Barbara Schubert conducts. GoodspeedHall; call 702-8068.University Wind Ensemble Winter Concert, February 27 at 3 p.m. Wayne Gordon conducts. MandelHall; call 702-8068.On the QuadsMartin Luther King, Jr., Birthday Commemoration, January 17 at 12 p.m. Rockefeller Chapel, theCoordinating Council for Minority Issues, and theMartin Luther King Day Committee sponsor thisservice, featuring a keynote address by PresidentHugo Sonnenschein and performances by the gospelquartet Heaven Sent and a "rainbow coalition" ofstudent groups. Rockefeller Memorial Chapel; call702-0161 or 702-2100.Winter Weekend: The Evolution of the NaturalWorld — From the Birth of Time to the Death ofthe Dinosaurs, January 22-23. The weekend program of lectures, demonstrations, and a dinosaurlab will be taught by U of C professors Robert N.Clayton, David Jablonski, Edward W. Kolb, andMichael LaBarbera. Reservations required; call 702-2161.Discover Nubia Day: A Nubian Village Wedding,February 6 at 12 p.m. In celebration of Black History Month and in conjunction with the OrientalInstitute exhibition "Vanished Kingdoms of theNile: The Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia," the NubiaClub of Canada — an international group of dancers,singers, storytellers, and musicians — reenacts a traditional Nubian wedding ceremony. Oriental Institute; call 702-9507.Winter Weekend: Dependency and Disrepute —The Uneasy Case for Compassion, February12-13. The interdisciplinary program will considerthe question: How do our feelings about variouskinds of dependent human beings — the poor, theaged, the mentally ill — affect our laws, our statements of policy, and our actual practice in helpingthe less fortunate? Margaret K. Rosenheim, JD'49,and Edward W. Rosenheim, AB'39, AM'46, PhD'53,will lead the program. Reservations required; call702-2161.In the CityFirst Friday Lecture Series, first Friday of everymonth at 12:15 p.m. A. P. David, Basic Programstaff member, lectures January 7 on '"You Will TearYour Gown': Sexuality and Parables of Paths andBarriers in Jane Austen." On February 4, Amy Kass,AB'62, senior lecturer in the Humanities CollegiateDivision, talks about "The Homecoming of Penelope." Chicago Cultural Center; call 702-1722. Center StageDouglas Hall: The main hall of the Old University of Chicago was named in memoryof the University's founder after his death in 1861.Although Stephen A. Douglas never became president of the United States, theLibrary's Department of Special Collections will honor the 19th-century Illinoissenator with an exhibition of papers and documents that opens during presidents'month. After all, the native Vermonter almost became president and has ties to the University of Chicago — albeit not to the U of C we know today.In 1856, Douglas offered some of his Chicago land for a university to any interestedreligious denomination — and the Baptists accepted. But the offer came when his political career was at its lowest, and critics pounced on that explanation for his philanthropy, derisively calling the resulting University of Chicago "Douglas University."Douglas, elected to the House of Representatives in 1843 and to the Senate in 1847,chaired the Committee on Territories, playing a key role in determining the future ofslavery. Nearly at the cost of his career, he introduced in 1854 the Kansas-Nebraskabill, which declared null and void the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and ended theNorth's guarantee that slavery would never be accepted north of the Mason-Dixon line.Hostility against Douglas, who chaired the fledgling university's board of trustees, wasso pervasive that the institution was unable to raise needed funds. On August 8, 1857 —one month after the cornerstone was laid — Douglas wrote to the trustees, offering theUniversity money in place of the land so that the University would not suffer from itsassociation with him: "I have learned with surprise and regret that many persons andnewspapers opposed to me in politics have allowed their partisan feelings and prejudices to influence their action to the extent of endeavoring to injure and perhapsdestroy the Institution over which you have been chosen to preside, for no other reasonthan that the ground upon which it was built was donated by me."In September 1857, the trustees met and unanimously rejected Douglas' proposal. Ifthe board were to yield to "the prevailing clamor," they argued, they would lose notonly the respect of the public, but also their own self-respect.The Little Giant did regain political popularity. When he died in 1861, "honored andlamented by every loyal citizen, his connection with the institution came to be one of itsenduring glories." But nothing could reverse the school's financial woes, and its doorsfinally closed in 1886. Five years later, the new University of Chicago began.-^LH.Stephen A. Douglas and the American Union, Special Collections, February 12-June 15.The exhibition marks a recent gift of documents and papers from the Douglas family.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 7The FarSide ofPhysicsNatural Sciences 101, astaught by "Rocky" Kolb, isdesigned to help Collegestudents overcome their "fearand loathing" of science. It looks like a typical science classroom.Room 115 is a modern, windowlesslecture hall in the Kersten PhysicsTeaching Center, with steeply tieredrows of seats and a black-topped lab benchplaced front and center. At that bench, ashirtsleeved, mustachioed professor leafsthrough a large, three-ring binder full oftransparencies, diagrams that will soonappear, larger than life and, the non-scientist assumes, just as confusing, through themagic of an overhead projector.The five teaching assistants easily standout. They're older than the 60 or so students who have cautiously entered theroom. And they're relaxed.The students, dressed in clothes their parents might have worn in the laid-back Sixties (although their shoes — Doc Martensand high-tech sneakers — are pureNineties), are young. Natural Sciences 101,"Evolution ol the Universe," is only open tofirst- and second-year students and first-year transfer students.And it's a good bet that few are sciencemajors. "Evolution of the Universe" is thefirst in a six-quarter course sequence that, the College catalog notes reassuringly, provides "a way for the student in the humanities and social sciences to satisfy both thephysical sciences and biological sciencesrequirement of the Common Core.""Is this going to be easy?" one young manasks another, slouching into a maroon-upholstered seat as the TAs hand out copiesof the syllabus; schedules for classes, labs,and discussion sections; and the first set ofhomework problems. The answer is immediate and heartfelt: "I hope so."As Edward "Rocky" Kolb puts it a fewminutes later: "Given the chance, 47 percent of the students in this course wouldelect to take a 'Rocks for Jocks' course." Butthe U of C has no such course. "We havethe rocks," Kolb deadpans in his Louisianadrawl. "But we don't have the jocks."That leaves the 42-year-old professor ofastronomy and astrophysics (and winner ofa 1993 Quantrell Award for excellence inundergraduate teaching) ready to make adeal: "I want to ask you to make a realeffort to leave your fear and loathing of science behind you," Kolb says earnestly. "Formy part, I will promise to regard you withrespect, as intelligent people who don'thappen to know a lot about science."This will probably be your last structuredexposure to science in your life," Kolb continues, the casualness of his hands-in-pock-ets stance at odds with the seriousness ofhis exhortatory tone. "In the 20th century — even in the last year, the lastmonth — we have made remarkable achievements in our understanding of the evolution of the universe," discoveries which, hesays, "are probably understood in a real wayby no more than 100 people or so."But the universe does not solely belongto these few hundred people. It belongs toanyone who's curious enough to look up."He turns to the blackboard, picks up apiece of yellow chalk, and prints in capitalletters the "motto" of the course: "THIS ISYOUR UNIVERSE, TOO!"The students are listening, but they're notyet convinced, and Kolb knows it. "I wantyou to leam something about what scienceis," he continues, including somethingabout what science is not: "The aim of science is not a conquest of nature, but ratheran understanding of nature."And they'll learn something about whatthis particular science course is not. Forstarters, it's not mathematically exact."In this course," Kolb announces, goingstraight to the basic concerns of any math-phobes in the classroom, "I'm not interestedin exact numbers — I'm interested in order-of-magnitude estimates."In this course," he repeats as he scrawlsan equation on the blackboard, "Nine times8 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993seven is one hundred."Chalk still in hand, he turns once again tothe students. "Ten years from now, you'llbe pushing 30. You won't be able toremember the formula for the relativisticDoppler effect. My goal is that ten yearsfrom now, you'll be able to look up into thedark night sky and have some appreciationfor what's out there."It's time for the first of the day's transparencies. On the big white screen appearsa copy of the top edge of Rocky Kolb's1040. The IRS form provides convincingproof, he says, that "I'm a cosmologist." Aone-two count. "Not a cosmetologist."There's a snicker or two. "The difference isthat a cosmologist is concerned with themakeup of the universe, and a cosmetologist is concerned with the application ofmakeup." More laughter.Another transparency: A cartoon showingthe Big Bang as a meat-grinder ("Input thelaws of physics, turn the handle, and outwill come the universe.") And another:"Cosmology is an old profession," Kolbremarks, carefully putting one of the clearplastic sheets back in the binder. "Not iheoldest, but..." The laughs get louder."Art, music, literature, religion, football,philosophy, and poetry ask, What is ourplace in the universe? Cosmology asks,What is the universe?" Kolb says, ready tomake a connection: "Our attempts toanswer these first questions have beeninfluenced by our attempts to answer thesecond question."To more laughter, the next transparencygoes up. "Direct from the home office inBatavia, Illinois" — where Kolb heads thetheoretical astrophysics group at FermiNational Accelerator Laboratory — is aDavid Letterman-style "Top Ten QuestionsAbout the Universe." Kolb quickly does thecountdown from No. 10 ("What is the universe made of?") through No. 4 ("Why wasthere a Big Bang?"), on down to No. 2: "Arewe in a special place in the universe?""The answer to that," he jokes, "is no —we're in Hyde Park, after all."And, finally, the No. 1 question that hisstudents ask about the universe: "Are weresponsible for this on the final?""And the answer," says the professor, "isyes."The lecture proper is "a brief history of cosmology," beginning with a second-centuryGreek astronomer: "Ptolemy was interestedin the arrangement of things in the sky, inthe motion of what he saw, and in the sizeof the universe."Over the next half hour, Kolb tries to takehis students back to Ptolemy's time. Hewants them to make the trip "with an open mind, to pretend that we really don't knowwhat we do now," and thus to see how theman who "was possibly the greatest scientist of antiquity" came up with his geocentric model, in which the earth, unmoving, isat the center of the universe."What would you see in the sky thatwould allow you to put together such atheory?" Kolb asks. The answers comequickly and briefly, and he jots them on theboard, tossing off questions that make thestudents think more carefully about whatPtolemy might have seen: Stars. The moon.The movement of the stars. Planets. Thesun. Comets. Shooting stars. Clouds.Clouds? "We wouldn't think of clouds asbeing part of a cosmology," Kolb replies.But, he notes, that has not always been thecase: "The ancient Mesopotamians thoughtthat if they could build a four-story building, they could touch a star."Ptolemy, Kolb points out, constructed atheory that fit the physical facts as he sawthem. "How many of you have actually feltthe earth move?" Kolb asks, to snickersfrom his teaching assistants. "We don't feellike we're moving at one million, four hundred thousand miles per hour."That figure gets repeated six times in thenext two minutes, as he detours for a storyabout a speeding ticket ("When you'removing at one million, four hundred thousand miles per hour, what's an extra 80miles an hour?" he asks rhetorically, thenadds, "I hope the judge has an appreciationof cosmology.") Back to theory: "Ptolemycame up with this model because that'swhat our senses tell us."To explain the puzzling way in which theplanets seem to backtrack in their patternedmovements through the night sky — "TheGreek word for 'planet' means 'wanderer'" — Ptolemy constructed a model in which each planet not only moves in acircle around the earth, but also rotatesabout a circle, or epicycle, as it rotatesaround the earth. The cartoons and jokeshave been replaced by transparencies of diagrams and equations, but Kolb is pushingthe reasoning as much as the numbers.The model was wrong, but that doesn'tlessen Rocky Kolb's respect for the manwho created it: "What Ptolemy did was tomake ingenious use of the tools available tohim — the greatest tool of science, thehuman mind — and construct a cosmologythat people believed in for 1,400 years."Two days later, the class has leapfroggedforward those 1,400 years, to the time ofCopernicus. Although his revolutionary Derevolutionibus orbium coelestium, with itsheliocentric model of the solar system,wasn't published until 1543, when thePolish-bom physician and canon lay on hisdeathbed, Copernicus outlined the modeldecades earlier — work done in partbecause flaws in Ptolemy's model made ithard to predict when Easter would fall, acentral concern to the Church's leaders.Again, Kolb's students go back in time."Let's pretend now that we're trying todecide which textbook to adopt." Ptolemyor Copernicus? "What are the criteria we'duse?"As his students call out questions, Kolbcompiles a blackboard list: Which has beenaround longer? Which is recommended bythe most people? Which one accuratelypredicts when Easter will be? Kolb himselfsuggests three criteria: Can the model beborne out by observation? Does it have simplicity? Does it agree with common sense?But there's a hitch. "If we were to adoptthese criteria," he says, "Copernicus wouldfail" on all three counts. Copernicus arguesthat the earth revolves around the sun — theopposite of what naked-eye observationsand common sense tell us. And in his complex theory, Copernicus uses even moreepicycles than Ptolemy.So why did Copernicus win out overPtolemy in the cosmological sweepstakes?Up on the overhead projector goes a transparency of Albert Einstein, sticking out histongue: "Einstein said, 'I want to have amodel that will lead to a deeper and moreconsistent comprehension and appreciationof the physical facts.'"The reason that the Copernican model isbetter," Kolb emphasizes, hands in pocketsand point in mind, "is not that it fits thethree criteria — but that it's fertile. It leads toEinstein's 'deeper and more consistent comprehension' of the universe."Around the room, students nod in understanding. — M.R.Y.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 9hkagojourndFOR THE RECORDOn board: Marshall WaisJr., AB'63, was elected inSeptember to the University's Board of Trustees.Already a member of theAlumni AssociationBoard of Governors andchair of the San Francisco Bay Area volunteercampaign committee,Wais is president andCEO ofMarwais SteelCompany. At Chicago,Wais was captain of thefencing team while studying for a degree in history. He is married toDeborah Wais, AB'63,and they have three children, including Adam,AB'90. It must be fall: EconomicsNobel goes to 0 of C profLOOKING EVERY INCH THE PARTof the absorbed scholarmomentarily distractedfrom the musty annals of hisresearch, Robert W. Fogel steppedinto the spotlight long enoughthis past fall to accept the 1993Alfred B. Nobel Memorial Prize inEconomic Sciences.Fogel, the Charles R. Walgreenprofessor of American Institutionsin the Graduate School ol Business, shared the Nobel laurels andthe 3.35 million krone (roughly$820,000) accompanying prizewith Douglass North of Washington University. The Royal SwedishAcademy of Sciences cited bothmen "for having renewed researchin economic history by applyingeconomic theory and quantitativemethods in order to explain economic and institutional change."Considered a pioneer of cliomet-rics, Fogel, who also holds jointappointments in economics andthe Committee on Social Thought,is the fourth University of Chicagoprofessor in as many years toreceive a Nobel Prize. In all, 64Nobel winners have been associated with the University as students, researchers, or faculty.Fogel's three most recent Nobelpredecessors were professors GaryS. Becker, AM'53, PhD'55, inf992; Ronald H. Coase in 1991;and Merton H. Miller in 1990— allfor economics. That fact promptedGSB Dean Robert S. Hamada toquip at a celebratory press conference held on campus, "1 do wish to remind people that the NobelPrize in economics is a worldwideprize, even though 1 can understand how many people mightthink it's a local award."The October 12 press conference, overflowing with beamingUniversity officials, colleagues,students, and local and nationalnews media, was just the first in astring of Nobel obligations forFogel, who was already up andworking at home when the congratulatory call from Swedencame at 5 a.m. that day. Theclamor for appearances and interviews is guaranteed to continuebeyond the professor's December10 acceptance of the award inStockholm, but he has sensedsome ebb in the wave of attention. "The initial furor has dieddown," the newest Nobelist,sounding relieved, told the Magazine in early November. "I'malmost back to normal.""Normal" for Fogel meanswaking up every day before 5 a.m.to shoulder a schedule of teaching(his fall quarter class, "Populationand the Economy," saw a smalluptick in enrollment immediatelyafter the prize was announced),authoring four books simultaneously, and working on a five-year,interdisciplinary study of the livesof 40,000 Union Army Civil Warveterans (see "Investigations,"June/93). With the Nobel Prizecame the added demand to prepare a Nobel lecture — whichNobelists are required to give atthe University ol Stockholmbefore receiving their awards, andwhich Fogel will present at otherstops in Europe for a few weeksfollowing the ceremony.Although Fogel wasn't expectingDay one: Media attention engulfed Fogel's first day as a Nobelist.0 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993to win the Nobel this year, hestopped short of calling the honora complete surprise. "It wasn't asurprise in the sense that I'veknown since the early 1980s thata committee had been set up toconsider my work for the NobelPrize," he admitted."I had some sense that the potwas still boiling, but you neverknow when the flame might goout," he added with a laugh. "Alot of people are on the short list."Some of Fogel's friends, including Lionel Mackenzie, emeritusprofessor and former chair of economics at the University ofRochester, knew it was just amatter of time before Fogel wouldcollect his laurels. Since 1964,when his Railroads and AmericanEconomic Growth: Essays inEconometric History argued thatthe development of railroads hadminimal effect on the growth ofU.S. economic output, Fogel hasbeen known for his ability to startle conventional wisdom by usingcliometrics: an amalgam of statistics, econometrics, and history."It's not just that he uses quantitative methods," says Mackenzie,who hired Fogel for Rochester in1960. "He uses economic theoryto arouse his suspicions of claimsmade by classical historians."Fogel's current study is a herculean endeavor to examine themedical records of Civil War veterans from the time they enlisteduntil the last one died in 1954.The $3 million study is beingconducted out of the University'sCenter for Population Economics,which Fogel directs. He intendsto measure the effect of socioeconomic and biomedical factorsduring childhood and early adulthood on the development of specific diseases at middle and lateages, on labor force participationat later ages, and on age at death.Involving senior researchersfrom nine other institutions, theproject hopes to compare theseseemingly antiquated recordswith current data and determineany trends that may explain whymortality rates at ages older than65, and particularly at older than85, have declined so dramaticallysince 1968. Comparisons of thedistribution of frailty at older agesthroughout the past century, for example, can be established, ascan the prevalence of specificchronic diseases of the elderly,such as arthritis or cardiovasculardisease. In addition, Fogel says, afurther benefit of the studyshould be a better understandingof the relationships betweenincome and work-force participation in later years."I'm interested in current economic issues," said Fogel, addingthat his research agenda isinspired mainly "by accident.""The things I research are historical but have bearing on questions like, 'Are we putting enoughmoney aside for Social Security?,Can you really reduce the amountthat's spent on health care?, orAre people going to want to workjust because you delay SocialSecurity by twoyears?'"From early onin his career,Fogel has had aneye toward influencing Americaneconomic orsocial policiesthrough his findings. Even hiscontroversialTime on the Cross:The Economics ofAmerican NegroSlavery (1974),he has maintained, was anexamination ofslavery as an economic vehicle ofproduction ratherthan an issue ofmorals. Regardless, Fogel's thesisthat slavery was economicallymore efficient than free agriculture continues to raise ire fromacademics and activists who seehim as defending slavery —despite the fact that he later published an extensive study, WithoutConsent or Contract: The Rise andFall of American Slavery(1989-92), that argued that slavery ended because it was morallyrepugnant, not because it waseconomically inefficient."There is such a thing as morality, and morality is higher thaneconomics," Fogel said at hispress conference when questionsrose again on Time on the Cross, which he co-authored with Stanley Engerman. "It would be a niceworld if efficient processes necessarily meant moral relationships."Because both Nobel prizes ineconomics were handed this yearto economic historians, Fogelexpects to see growing interest incliometrics. It's far from an outdated, esoteric field, he noted."If you want to study long-termgrowth in currently rich countries," he said, "then you have tobe an economic historian becausegrowth takes place over time."Fogel received his bachelor'sdegree in 1948 from Cornell University and holds master's degreesfrom Columbia, Cambridge, andHarvard universities. Fresh fromreceiving a doctorate in 1963 atJohns Hopkins University, heIn the news: At a Quadrangle Club party, Fogeland granddaughter Lisa stopped for a reporter.came to Chicago as a Ford Foundation Visiting Research Professor and was named an associateprofessor in 1964.The new Nobel laureate, who isteaching four courses at the University this year, developed theGSB's first business ethics andmarketing demography courses.Fogel's wife, Enid, is a retiredassociate dean of students for theGSB. She had to field most of thecongratulatory and curious callsand notes at home, Fogel confided, as he waded through themedia flood. But he's looking forward to sifting through the messages personally once the couplereturns from their trip to Sweden. Breathing lessons: TheNational Institute ofAllergy and InfectiousDiseases has awarded a$1.7 million grant to theDepartment of Medicineto establish one of 12asthma and allergic andimmunological diseasecooperative research centers in the United States.The four-year grant isearmarked for threeinterrelated projects onhow inflammation of theairway leads to asthmaand one project onimproving access to homeasthma care among poor,inner-city children.Legal eagle: Randolph N.Stone, director of theMandel Legal Aid Clinicat the Law School andclinical professor of law,is the new chair of theAmerican Bar Association's Criminal JusticeSection. The section has8,000 members and a 73-year history.Places in history: HannaHolborn Gray, U of Cpresident emeritus andprofessor of history, andJohn Hope Franklin, theJohn Matthews Manlydistinguished service professor emeritus of history, have each won aCharles Frankel Prizefor 1993. Awarded by theNational Endowment forthe Humanities, the prizeand its accompanyingstipend of $5,000 honorfive Americans for contributing to the public'sunderstanding of history,literature, philosophy, orother humanities subjects. President Bill Clinton presented the awardsat a White House ceremony in October.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 1Dubious distinction:According to InsideEdge, a magazine aimedat men in their 20s, theU of C ranks 300th of300 U.S. colleges when itcomes to having fun —based on the not-lerribly-scientific criteria oflocation, access to "fun"spots, and the "attractiveness" of female students. Florida StateUniversity came in at No.1. Not surprisingly, themagazine's politicallyincorrect editors — Harvard undergrads whosaid they just wanted tohave fun — left thecampus unfazed. As oneUofC student remindeda reporter, "Fun isn'tlinear."Divine calling: TheDivinity School hasnamed leading Christiantheologian SchubertOgden, BD'54, PHD'58,its 199.3 Alumnus of iheYear. An emeritus processor at SouthernMethodist University,Ogden is the author of IsThere Only One TrueReligion or Are ThereMany? (1992).Pitching in: As part of anew requirement thatfirst-year students at theGraduate School of Business commit to community service, nearly 700M.B.A. students spent aday in October improvingsome senior citizenapartments. ThroughLight Up Chicago, a volunteer coordinating program, the city providedsupplies for paintinghallways and commonareas, and the studentsdid the rest. Maroon teamsflex their muscleThrowing cold Gatoradeon the image of the University as a bastion of pencil-necked bookworms sorely lackingin athletic prowess, the football,women's soccer, women's volleyball, and women's cross-countryteams all enjoyed outstanding fallseasons.The football team went 5-5 thisyear, led by the fleet feet of fourth-years Frank Baker and JosephMcCoy. Although a record ol .500may seem marginal, Maroonshead coach Greg Quick points outthat this year's record is the win-ningest since 1987, and the team's2-2 UAA finish is their best ever.In addition, the Maroons — knownas a team that runs rather thanpasses — were first or second inthe country in rushing all yearalter leading the NCAA Division Among the 14 fourth-years onthe team are quarterback McCoy,who has rushed for 2,839 yards inhis career and is the top scorer inU of C football history, and fullback Baker, who broke theschool's single-season rushingrecord with 1,606 yards. Bakeralso finished his career with 4,283yards — making him only the 21stplayer in NCAA Division III history to rush for more than 4,000yards. The feat landed Baker ashort feature story in the November 15 issue of Sports Illustrated."I don't know if we'll replaceFrank or replace Joseph," Quickconcedes, "but I think we'll beable to retool."Citing an offensive line of mostlyfirst- and second-years, a quickerdefense that is losing three startersbut returning eight, and a "goodsmattering" of talent in each class,the coach remains upbeat for aDivision III title in the foreseeablefuture. "We have the leadershipPain and gain: Coach Quick envisions a promising future for Maroonsfootball, based on this past fall's record-breaking season.Ill last year in rushing yards.Quick cites the school's "climbing program" of continuousimprovement for the fall success.The program requires both players and coaches to return seasonafter season in order to post animproved team record, and thisyear's fourth-years representQuick's first recruiting groupsince he became coach in 1989."I came here with the intentionof winning a Division III nationalchampionship so we're trying toclimb in that direction," saysQuick, whose team went 0-10two years ago and 3-7 last year. coming up in our ranks," he says.Not to be outdone by the menon the field, the women's soccerteam boasted a 10-5-2 record,winning six out of their last sevenmatches. They also beat threeteams this year that they hadnever before defeated: Washington University, UAA conferencechampion Emory University, andSt. Mary's College.The Emory game, played inOctober to a 1-0 finish, was thebiggest win ever for the program,says coach Amy Howley-Reifert."It wasn't like we lucked out onone shot; it was great soccer — everyone was involved."Although the team is losingthree women to graduation,including co-captains LauraCasoni and Karen Kudej,Howley-Reifert says the blow willbe softened by the team's youth."In our starting lineup, seven ofthe 11 are first- or second-years,"the coach says. "So the future isvery bright in terms of whom wehave coming back and the rolethey've played in our success."Team effort also led the women'svolleyball team to a big finish inthe fall — second in the UAA(behind Washington University),with a conference record of 10-2and an overall record of 26-8.The icing on the season camewith the announcement of UAAhonors. Chicago's volleyball program had four players named toall-conference teams and onereceive an honorable mention.Leading the list was fourth-yearstudent Kalai Diamond, who, aftertwo years of being named to thesecond team, was the sole Maroonnamed to the UAA first team.Because Washington Universityis such a dominant program, withfour All-Americans in its volleyball lineup, "making the first teamis an incredible accomplishment ifyou only have six places on thefirst team — and you know four ofthose are going to be tied up,"says coach Rosalie Resch, AB'73.Although this fall may be toughto top, especially with the graduation of four players, Resch addsthat it's not unrealistic to hope torepeat the season next year."We're a very strong team offensively," she says. "We pass verywell, which is actually a defensiveskill, but when you pass well,you're able to play a fairly complex offense."Last but not least, the women'scross-country team ran away lastmonth with the UAA championship — for the second straightseason. By later taking third placeat the NCAA Division III MidwestRegional, held mid-November atthe University of Wisconsin, OshKosh, the team qualified for thenational championships hosted atGrinnell College in Iowa.The runners are the first U of Cwomen's team to qualify forNCAA post-season competition.1 2 University or Chicago Magazine/December 1993Chicago law: Currie fills inInterim deanleads Law SchoolWhile a committee of fac-ulty searches for a newLaw School dean, President Hugo F. Sonnenschein hasappointed a constitutional lawexpert and award-winning teacherto fill the top spot in the interim.David P. Currie, the Edward H.Levi distinguished service professor in law, will become actingdean January 1 — the same daythat Geoffrey Stone, JD'71, leaveshis post as Law School dean tobecome University provost (see"Chicago Journal," October/93).Currie, AB'57, a graduate of Harvard Law School and member ofthe U of C faculty for 31 years, hasbeen serving as deputy dean of theLaw School since November."David is one of the premierlegal scholars of his generation,"says Stone, who predicts that theacting dean will "provide excellentleadership, ease the transition, andprovide strong continuity to theLaw School."Currie has written on the historyof the Supreme Court, environmental law, federal jurisdiction,and civil procedure. Early in hiscareer, he clerked for both U.S.Supreme Court Justice FelixFrankfurter and Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals Judge HenryJ. Friendly. At Chicago, Currie hasa strong following among students, who last year voted tohonor him with the Law School'saward for teaching excellence.Despite his credentials and popularity, Currie has said he has no intention of staying in the dean'soffice for the long term, and Stonepredicts that a permanent replacement will be named before theend of the 1993-94 academic year.New buildingsbow to historyThe message in the mortarof two new buildings oncampus — the BiologicalSciences Learning and ResearchComplex and the Middle Schoolof the University-affiliated Laboratory Schools — may be "respectyour elders," as the fresh-facedstructures try at once to stand outfrom, and blend into, surroundings that revere a Gothic tradition.The $50.5 million sciences complex, a limestone behemothlocated just north of the sciencequadrangle, actually houses twoentities: the Biological SciencesLearning Center in its south wingand the Jules F. Knapp MedicalResearch Center in its north wing.Although the Learning Center,where all the University's biologyand medical school courses arenow taught, opened for classesOctober 4, the Knapp Center willnot be ready until January. Whenit does open, it will house theInstitute for Molecular Medicine,where researchers will investigatethe causes of cancer, genetic andautoimmune disorders, heart disease, and neurological disorders.Designed by The Stubbins Associates of Cambridge, Mass., inassociation with local architectsLoebl Schlossman & Hackl, the biological sciences complex has aglass atrium linking two separatestructures, both with five mainlevels of classrooms, offices, andlaboratories above ground, andone level below. The moderninterpretation of classic Gothicdetails includes castle-like battlements and glass walls with a distinctly vertical pull. Two floors ofgreenhouses cap the main five ofthe BSLC half.The new complex weighs inwith 3.5 million pounds of limestone and 226,000 square feet ofspace. Envisioned as a "one-roomschoolhouse" for biology andmedical education, the LearningCenter wing boasts $650,000worth of audiovisual equipment,an interactive computer laboratoryequipped with 36 workstations,and 23 wet labs.Professor Martin Feder of theorganismal biology and anatomydepartment, who teaches a physiology lecture and laboratory in thebuilding, says he is "ecstatic" withthe new facilities. Feder is particularly impressed with the proliferation of computers, which he saysoffer the lecturer and students thechance to approach learningsimultaneously — so that the lecturer is no longer delivering theknowledge, but working with thestudents to collaborate in discovering the knowledge."[The computerized classroom]has the potential to take us, tosome extent, out of the lecturemode," Feder says, "into an ongoing discovery mode during thecourse of an actual class."While biology students and professors were still getting their Reel life: Fourth-yearstudent Erifea DalyaMuhammad has beennamed one of Glamourmagazine's Top Ten College Women for 1993.Muhammad, an undergraduate Mellon Fellowmajoring in Americanand African history,hopes to make documentaries that convey positive images ofAfrican-Americanwomen — beyond thecomic or subservientstereotypes — and toteach film and African-American history.Curtain call: ShulamitRan unveiled her composition "Legends" topublic and criticalacclaim this fail. The Uof C music professor andChicago SymphonyOrchestra's composer-in-residence was commissioned to write the pieceto honor the centennialsof the C SO and the University. The 20-minutework — "evoking a mystical and timeless aura, "according to ChicagoTribune music critic Johnvon Rhein — premieredOctober 7 at OrchestraHall under the directionof Daniel Barenboim.Rock solid: Spanning a block just north of the science quadrangle, thenew Biological Sciences complex houses research as well as classes.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 1 3And justices for all: EightUniversity of Chicagograduates are law clerksthis term for SupremeCourt justices and retiredjustices: Sean H. Donahue, JD'92, and DanielM. Klerman, JD'91 , clerkfor fellow alumnus Justice John Paul Stevens,AB'41; Katherine L.Adams, JD'90, and MarkA. Perry, JD'91, work forJustice Sandra DayO'Connor; Nathan A.Forrester, JD'92, clerhsfor Justice Anthony M.Kennedy; Allison H. Eid,JD'91, assists JusticeClarence Thomas; JamesW.Gauch, JD'89, clerksfor retired Chief JusticeWarren E. Burger; andSteven G. Krone, JD'92,clerhs for retired JusticeWilliam J. Brennan. OnlyYale University producedas many clerks this term.Give a yell: The UofCCheerleading Squad hasbeen reinstated afterbeing disbanded last yearfor lack of funding. Thesquad's new agreementwith the athletic department provides financialsupport and practicefacilities. In return, thesquad has promised,among other things, tocheer at all UAA double-header games for bothmen's and women'ssports. The revitalizedsquad, now with a rosterof 15, plans to debut January 4, at the season'sfirst home basketballgame. School gaze: The new Middle School's design focuseson interaction — architectural and educational.bearings, the ribbon-cutting lorthe new Middle School at the Laboratory School took place October6. Although much smaller in sizethan the BSLC, the new space wasno less welcomed.The $5 million addition represents the first time that the LabSchools have had space especiallydesigned for middle-school students, who now number about400. Belfield Hall, the previousmiddle-school building, was builtas a manual arts school andadapted for middle-school use."It has really created a new senseof community in the schools,"says Lucinda Lee Katz, director ofthe Lab Schools."Connecting the buildings fromthe youngest child — age 3 — allthe way through high school — age18 — has given everybody a sensethat they can live comfortablytogether in a space, yet have theirown programs. It's been terrific."The addition's physical arrangement does encourage studentcohesion. Gathering spaces outside the classrooms allow studentsin grades five through eight towork in smaller groups. Otheramenities include two science laboratories, a skylight, a lobby witha Lab Schools seal formed in ter-razzo in the floor, and displaycases in the lobby for students' art."Not only do the students lovetheir new building," Katz addswith a laugh, "but they're keepingit clean. They're taking care oftheir space. They're picking upafter themselves. I think the teach ers feel thepride. Therefore, the kidsfeel it."Outside, thenew school,designed byChicago architects Nagle,Hatray & Associates, choosesto defer to thebig men oncampus: the90-year-oldBlaine Hall andthe 89-year-oldBelfield Hall.The new building's gabledentry, moldedGothic arches, and three finials —while eye-catching in their freshness — quietly round out the LabSchools' facade without troddingon architectural tradition.Network providesfor primary careA s health care in theUnited States goes underI the federal government'sknife to improve quality, convenience, and economy of services,the University of Chicago MedicalCenter has become affiliated witha South Side primary care groupin a partnership that anticipatesnationwide health-care reform.Meyer Medical Group (MMG),an independent group of 42 primary care physicians, voted inSeptember to affiliate with theMedical Center (which comprisesthe University of Chicago Hospitals and the Biological SciencesDivision of the University). BothMMG and the Medical Centermaintain their own identity andgovernance under the partnership,but a joint management-servicesorganization handles contracting,billings and collections, claims,and other bookkeeping aspects ofthe private-practice sites run byMMG doctors or doctors whoreceive MMG-referred patients.With four locations on the SouthSide and in the south suburbs ofthe city, MMG continues to provide primary care for its patients. Patients needing routine hospitalcare are referred to selected nearbyhospitals. Those requiringadvanced care use the UniversityHospitals."This arrangement presentspatients and payers with the bestof both worlds," says RalphMuller, president of U of C Hospitals, "providing one entity thatallows access to superior primarycare as well as the most advancedspecialty care, with an establishedmechanism for the transition fromone to another."Part of the Medical Center'smotivation for forging this partnership is a long-term strategy forbuilding a primary care network.By tapping into an enduring(MMG was founded in 1913)system of providers with 70,000managed-care patients, the Medical Center, says Muller, alreadyhas a leg up on reaching its goal ofa local network that covers400,000 patients.In addition, the Medical Centerexpects the partnership to adddepth to its teaching program inprimary care. With more publicdemand for general practitioners,having an expanding primary carenetwork as a resource is expectedto improve the education of Medical Center residents, as well asstudents at the University'sPritzker School of Medicine,Art springs off thetop of his headsN EVER ONE TO SACRIFICE HIM-self to the fickle fancies ofthe art world, Robin Winters guaranteed himself an audience for his five-week residency atthe Renaissance Society this fall.The lion's share of his show —small heads of blown glass andceramic that lined nearly everyshelf and sill in Cobb Hall's airyBergman Gallery — watched inrapt attention as the artist ledworkshops, discussed his workwith visitors, and created pieces inan on-site studio.Winters, a prolific conceptualistlauded by critics for melding hisneed to create with his penchantfor new media, shipped more than400 pieces to campus from his1 4 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993studios and glass shop in NewYork. The ceramic heads, collectively titled Vitro Vivo (live glass),were supplemented with watercol-ors, large crystal busts, bronzeheads, oil paintings, and woodtables. Such a menagerie is typicalof Winters, who started as a performing artist in the 1970s.At the Whitney Museum's Biennial in 1975, the now 43-year-oldartist participated by "working"the exhibition dressed in a bearcostume. For his U of C debut,Winters chose more conventionalgarb (most days, a suit sans tie anda black cowboy hat) but theambiance proved no less whimsical: the majority of his heads sportheadpieces that resemble hats,antlers, or thoughts in progress —depending upon one's perspective."If 1 have five heads, and I putthe same hat on each one, theyeach look different," explainsWinters, adding that friends andstrangers inspired many heads."All the feathering and costumingaround the world are likethoughts. The different typespeople wear show how they identify themselves."His heads, the artist has asserted,view not only him, but also eachother and those who come to seethem. Such interaction has alwaysbeen at the core of Winters' work,whether it hashim prancingaround in afunny costume,modifying anexhibit everyfew minutes, orasking visitors tocreate art forhim. Moreover,the performanceangle of Winters'work enduresbecause differentpeople perceivehim differently,depending onwhen they seehim: drawingpictures with aclass of first-graders, or discussing artsfunding with aretired teacher,or just standingin the gallery Room with a view studying his own pieces.Winters is accustomed toreshaping his own persona basedon a rotating repertoire. Besidesperformance art, he has exploredvideo, ceramics, bronze, glass,watercolors, and carpentry. Farfrom being a dilettante, Wintersaims for technical master)' of eachmedium. "My interest is always inlearning," he says, then pauses."Learning, period."But not necessarily book-learning. Winters quit high school inhis native northern California toapprentice full time with localartists. He moved to New York in1972 and has made a living off hisart since around 1980, but in theearly days he did everything fromwork on factory lines to paint loftsin SoHo. Instead of a BFA orMFA, he carries withdrawalcards — which will let him reactivate his memberships wheneverhe wants — for the machinists',butchers', and painters' unions.He still views the trades as anescape hatch in case his musefades — or he chooses to retire."Knowing how to survive withoutart is always necessary," says Winters, who encourages the up-and-coming artists he mentors tobroaden their skills.The "lean years" have neverstopped either, Winters insists, although he now teaches regularlyat art schools and universities,owns studios in New York and theNetherlands, and has pieces in theMetropolitan, Modern, Philadelphia, and Brooklyn art museums."I can be a success and still notbe at all a household name," hesays with satisfaction. "I'm notlooking for success the wayWarhol defined it. I don't believein ten minutes of fame — I think Ihave a life."Winters' inspiration lies in "real"art, the likes of which he finds inFrida Kahlo, Jackson Pollock, andJames Ensor. When he sees realart, he feels that he can do it himself or connect to it in some way."I know that it's just paint andpaper or canvas," he explains.This craft-like approach to artharks back to Winters' childhood — when he avidly drewpirates and treasure maps, andcollected old bottles. He alsoremembers finding role models atcounty fairs, where he saw amateurs selling paintings of splashyflowers or colorful country scenes."It wasn't from an art world," herecalls. "It was... outside. But Iloved what they did, and I wantedto do it. I thought it was great thatthey made something."Compiled byjaclyn H. Park In dog we trust: Under-grads living in Black-stone Hall electedfriendly and loyal SophieFoster to represent themat student governmentmeetings. There was justone problem: Sophie is aDalmation owned by thedormitory's residenthead. Alas, her politicalaspirations were nixedbecause she is notenrolled as a full-timestudent. The contestedseat went to a second-year student who'd lostto Sophie by one vote.Opening night: The renovated Francis X. KinahanTheater, formerly theReynolds Club ThirdFloor Theater, was dedicated November 19. Anassociate professor ofEnglish, Frank Kinahanserved as an adviser andfaculty director of University Theater foralmost ten years beforehis death last February.A special performancefollowing the dedicationincluded shits from Off-Off Campus, the improvisational comedy troupeKinahan started withSecond City founderBernard G. Sahlins,AB'43.Winters feels his art watching him and those who come to his shows.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 15I westimtionsCell doctorWith an almost magicalpotential to cure disease,gene therapy is on the vergeof becoming medical reality.Cardiology chief Jeffrey Leiden,AB'75, PhD'79, MD'81, leads aresearch team at work on genetherapy techniques that, he hopes, will profoundly change the way healing is done inthe 21st century,Leiden, professor of medicine and pathology at the University of Chicago Hospitals,discussed how gene therapy works at anacademic forum held in celebration of theOctober 20 inauguration of Hugo Sonnenschein.The basic idea of gene therapy, Leidenexplained, is to get to the roots of a diseaseby changing the body's genetic instructionson a cellular level. For example, patientswith cystic fibrosis lack a certain transporter gene in their lung cells, causing pulmonary infection. "If we had a way tointroduce one copy" of the missing geneinto most of the cells lining the lungs, hesaid, "we would essentially cure the disease."Gene therapy could not only cure rarediseases like cystic fibrosis, but also a hostof much more common disorders. Forexample, Leiden's group is looking at genetherapies to treat diseases — such as diabetes mellitus and hemophilia — causedwhen the body can't produce certain proteins. In particular, Leiden has focused onone such disease: erythropoietin-respon-sive anemias.Erythropoietin (EPO) is a protein thatstimulates production of oxygen-carryingred blood cells. Patients with kidney failure, AIDS, and other life-threatening diseases often need injections of a geneticallyengineered form of EPO to overcome theanemia caused by their own body's failureto produce EPO. Leiden: "Once we get the gene into the cell, the cell does the majority of the work. "The starting point for Leiden's researchwas a question: "Could we develop a cell-based system in which we could geneticallymodify cells to produce EPO, put the cellsback into the individual, and produce thempermanently?"Leiden explained, "Once we get the geneinto the cell, the cell actually does themajority of work, transcribing the geneinto the RNA, which is transported into thecytoplasm and translated into protein."Before Leiden began his investigations,gene therapists had struggled to find a typeof cell that would carry the new geneticinformation inserted into it — such asinstructions telling the cell to produce acertain type of protein, like EPO — over anextended period of time. Researchers had attempted to use skincells, bone marrow cells, liver cells — butnone of the engineered cells was long-lived. No one had tried muscle cells,because early research suggested such cellscouldn't secrete proteins like EPO. But a1990 experiment by Leiden and Eliav Barr,assistant professor of medicine, proved thatimmature muscle cells, called myoblasts,could, in fact, secrete protein.Myoblasts seemed ideal for gene therapy.They are easily removed from the bodythrough a simple biopsy; genes can beinserted into them with relative ease; andmyoblasts with the new genetic information can be grown in large numbers in thelab. Best of all, once grown, "they couldsimply be injected right back into muscle1 6 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993cells using a technique identical to a vaccination" — the cells would then take up residence in the muscle, producing theneeded protein. The technique has beensuccessfully used in lab animals, andLeiden predicted that the technique couldbe ready for its first human trials in a year.As a cardiologist, Leiden had also beeninterested in whether gene therapy techniques could be applied to heart disease.Specifically, Leiden wondered whethergenetic instructions could be sent to heartmuscle cells that would keep open bloodpathways in patients prone to cloggedcoronary arteries, and encourage growth ofnew blood vessels.Leiden explained that when patientsreceive angioplasty surgery to openclogged arteries, those arteries will laterreclose, on average, more than 40 percentof the time. By inserting genetic materialsto change instructions given to heart tissuecells, it may be possible to avoid this reclo-sure. Other genetic instructions mightencourage growth of tiny collateral vesselsthat could reroute blood to heart tissuestarved because native vessels are clogged.Leiden wants to deliver these genes without "cracking the chest and sticking needles into the heart wall." With a team thatincludes Barr, associate professor of medicine John Carroll, MD'76, and Universityof Michigan colleague James Wilson, hehas worked out an alternative deliverysystem, in which a microbe purified in thelab and programmed with new geneticinformation could be used to carry therapeutic genes into targeted cells within thepatient's body.As gene therapy emerges as a viable treatment for disease, Leiden acknowledgesthat ethical questions will arise about thewisdom of genetically altering the ways thehuman body works. However, Leiden said,the techniques his team is developing aredesigned to be non-germline: "The geneticinformation that we're putting in doesn'treach the sperm or egg — so that it doesn'thave the potential for affecting the offspring of the treated individual. It merelyacts as an alternative form of drug therapy,if you will."Nor should gene therapy make modernmedicine more expensive. "A strong argument can be made that these new technologies are not going to escalate thespiraling costs of medical care," Leidenpredicted, "but in some cases will actuallydecrease it." For example, about 50,000AIDS patients and 85,000 kidney patientsin the U.S. now receive infusions of EPO(trade-named Epogen) at least twice aweek. The estimated annual cost of thesetreatments is $500 million a year — money that could be saved through effective genetherapy for those patients.With $500 million annually at stake, themaker of Epogen — Amgen, Inc. — is watching Leiden's progress carefully, aspokesman for the company told the WallStreet journal. Meanwhile, Leiden's grouphas been bombarded with inquires fromventure capitalists interested in the earningpotential of gene therapy. (Leiden's group, which holds three patents relevant togenetic therapy, has elected to work withVical, Inc., a San Diego biotechnology company.)When will gene therapy be available on awide scale? Leiden predicted that withinfive years, it will be available to treat someconditions; within ten to 20 years, he said,"it will assume a major role in the medicalarmamentarium." — T.O.May the flow be with youIn his best-selling book Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience, U of C psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, AB'60, PhD'65, introduced a new theory of happiness. His assertion — based on a quarter century of research — is that what makespeople truly satisfied is to be actively involved in tasks "where challenges are high andpersonal skills are used to the utmost." Flow concluded with a vision of transformingthe entirety of one's life into a unified "flow" experience.Three years later, Harper-Collins has published the sequel to Flow. Entitled The Evolving Self: A Psychology for the Third Millennium, the book expands Csikszentmihalyi'svision of potential happiness from an individual to a global scale.Csikszentmihalyi devotes part of his new book to a discussion of the cultural habits,biological drives, "and the unbridled desires of the self that humans have developedover the centuries in order to survive — and which are now counterproductive."The brain is a wonderful mechanism, but it is also deceptive," the psychologistwrites. "It makes us feel good when we do things that in the past have served survival... but are now out of place."Although it's not realistic to simply "wish away"these constraints of the past, Csikszentmihalyi proposes that "at this point in our history it should bepossible for an individual to build a self that is notsimply the outcome of past drives and habits but is"a conscious, personal creation."Breaking out of the "fatalistic acceptance of geneticor historical programming" requires a new kind offaith, the author argues. The concept of Darwinianevolution implies that the future is not ruled bydivine providence, "but to a large extent is in ourhands." The thesis of his book, writes Csikszentmihalyi, is that becoming an active, conscious part ofj the evolutionary process "is the best way to give; meaning" to life "and to enjoy each moment along1 the way.] "Understanding how evolution works, and whatrole we may play in it, provides a direction and purpose that otherwise is lacking in this secular,desacralized culture. It does not mean that we must give up personal goals and subordinate them to some long-range universal good. In fact, the opposite is true. Individualswho develop to the fullest their uniqueness, yet at the same time identify with the largerprocesses at work in the cosmos, escape the loneliness of their individual destinies."The key to such self-evolution, according to Csikszentmihalyi, is to develop "complexity" in our consciousness — to acquire many interests, abilities, and goals and to usethem in such a way that they harmonize with and enhance one another. Flow experiences, he argues, provide such complexity — not only for individuals but for society: infact, flow has provided the energy and direction for most significant historical advances.Although large in its ambitions, The Evolving Self is written in the same colorful, readable style that made its predecessor popular: To date, Flow has sold more than 125,000copies, with translations in ten languages — including Chinese and Japanese. Fans of thefirst book range from NFL coach Jimmy Johnson to Harvard psychologist HowardGardner. As Gardner recently told the Chicago Tribune, "I always say Mihaly is one ofthe few social scientists who will be read 50 years from now." — T.O.VNiThe author looks beyond the self.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 1 7The weather was chilly and the ambiamIn THEC OMPAN YOFScholarsBy Mary Ruth Yoe PHOTOGRAPHY BY DAN D RYNo bestowal of ceremonialkeys of office, no presentationof symbolic relics, markedHugo Freund Sonnenschein'sinstallation as the eleventhpresident of the University of Chicago. AsHoward G. Krane, JD'57, chairman of theUniversity's board of trustees, told the1,400 guests attending the October 20thconvocation in Rockefeller MemorialChapel: "The induction of a president of theUniversity of Chicago is not a complicatedevent. There is no elaborate ceremony;there arc no oaths of office. Rather, wegather at a convocation that reaffirms ourhistory and enables us to rejoice and celebrate as we move forward with a newleader."The event itself was sandwiched betweentwo business-as-usual days. So much sothat, in order to arrive in the Loop on timefor a formal inaugural-eve reception anddinner in his honor, Hugo Sonneschein showed up at the Tuesday afternoon meeting of the Council of the University Senatealready in black-tie. Not to worry, heassured the assembled faculty: "There willbe no dress code."Prominent among the 1,500 guests at thedowntown dinner, given by the trustees forthe University's alumni and friends, wereChicago's four most recent Nobel laureatesin economics (see "Chicago Journal," page10), as well as two of its physics Nobelists,Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and JamesW. Cronin, SM'53, PhD'55. The six laureates, the eight distinguished internationalscholars on hand to receive honorary doctorates at the inaugural convocation, andthe University's two living emeritus presidents—Edward H. Levi, PhB'32, JD'35, andHanna Holborn Gray — were all warmlyapplauded.Over lemon mousse crescent with raspberry sauce, Russian poet Yevgeny Yev-tushenko, a friend of Sonnenschein's, read a1 8 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993arm as Chicago welcomed Hugo Sonnenschein. Dressing for the occasion:The new president (left)gets helped into his hood;inside Rockefeller Chapel(below), ihe academicprocession marches by ina bright swirl of color.jP%. "'.,:¦**' . \\ ^V.Wnew poem (see box, page 23) written forthe new president. The Rev. Arthur W. Brazier — pastor of the Apostolic Church ofGod and a leader in community-based redevelopment efforts in Woodlawn and NorthKenwood/Oakland — welcomed Sonnenschein to the neighborhood and to the University's partnership in the area'sdevelopment.To introduce the guest ol honor, Kraneskipped over Sonnenschein's academic credentials and appointments (most guestsalready knew that the 52-year-old micro-economist was most recently, provost ofPrinceton University). Instead, Kraneemphasized the priorities of the searchcommittee which he had led to findChicago's new president: "1 was told, timeand time again, there had to be a good fitbetween the University and the president."Fit, fit, fit," Krane repeated in resoundingtones as his audience laughed. "I was told:Fit.""Thai definition," Krane concluded,"must have been written with Hugo Sonnenschein in mind."Sonnenschein also spoke of "fitting in" —of how he and his wife, epidemiologist Elizabeth Gunn Sonnenschein, already felt athome in the city and in Hyde Park. And, in affectionate tones, he talked about the University's special, hard-edged reputation: "Asa colleague explained to me, we're noteveryone's cup of tea. We're a strong brew,and we're not available in the herbal varieties."With an audience that included manycivic and business leaders, Sonnenscheinemphasized the University's role in the city:"The founding of our University was madepossible by a partnership with the people ofChicago," he noted. "The University andthe city have helped each other thrive. Neither will remain great if the other fails toprosper."Inauguration day dawned damp andgray. The sun's rays could beglimpsed only via illustration on themaroon-and-white banners dottingcampus byways. Each stylized sunburst bore the punning message, "Let theSonnenschein In."Hugo Sonnenschein's official day began at8:35 a.m., when, inaugural address andraincoat in hand, he came down the stairsof the president's house, ready for a quickportrait by the Magazine's photographer.Ten minutes later, he headed out the backdoor of the Victorian manse built ten presi dents earlier for William Rainey Harper.After a pop-in visit to breakfast guests atRobie House, his next official stop wasBartlett Gymnasium.In Bartlett — turned into a temporarydressing room for the faculty and the delegates from learned societies, educationalorganizations, and other colleges and universities who would join in the academicprocession — the global mood was celebratory, the local tone anxious. A warm greeting to an old friend was likely to befollowed by, "Is my hood on straight?"Experienced hands like Edward Levi andHanna Gray helped honorees and delegatesinto their robes and approved the results.Still in street clothes rather than her Oxford20 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993The day's theme (topleft) was "Let the Sonnenschein In. " The bagpipe band (below) pipedihe marchers into thechapel, where they satand listened (bottom) incap-and-gowned splen dor. After the ceremony(far left), Hugo Sonnenschein and Hanna Grayare all smiles (trusteeschair Howard Krane,jD'57, is to their right,with provost EdwardLaumann behind him).gown, Gray explained, "It's too warm inhere to put it on yet." "You know howwarm it is in the chapel," a colleagueresponded. Gray laughed, "Do I ever!"Outside Bartlett, Hugo Sonnenscheinstood robed and ready to form the procession's coda. Led by the U of C Alumni Association Bagpipe Band and the Universitymarshal, pair after pair of capped-and-gowned figures stepped down UniversityAvenue.On either side of the avenue, hundreds ofspectators — staff, students, and Lab Schoolers bundled up against the chill — admiredthe kilted musicians, looked for processingfriends, and pointed out sartorial details,such as a lace-trimmed hood or a lime-green gown, as the participants marchedtwo-by-two to Rockefeller Chapel.Those inside the Gothic-inspired chapel(along with hundreds more watching theevent on video at other campus sites)waited expectantly. The sense of anticipation was matched by the invocation and bythe musical swell of the Rockefeller Memorial Chapel Choir and the Symphony of theShores.The first of the convocation speakersmoved to the podium. "I want to say justtwo things, and they are, appropriately forthis place and this occasion, contradictory — or at least in deep tension,"announced J. Paul Hunter, the Chester D.Tripp professor in the Humanities and chairof the faculty side of the presidential searchcommittee that brought Sonnenschein toChicago. "One is about continuity, theother is about change."Both are crucial to this occasion,reflected in the fact that the community ofthousands who make up this audience allstand for the continuity of the University,what it has been and what it is now;whereas you, Hugo, as our new leader,represent change, a chance to rethink ourpast and push in new directions."Hunter leaned forward to offer a pledge ofsupport — Chicago-style: "I guarantee wewill not follow sheepishly; we may not evenfollow at all, in the conventional sense. Weare much more likely to kibitz, challenge,insist on definition, want to revise andmodify, take long views. But we will support you in the only way we know how —"Did we spell his nameright?" asked the men ofAlpha Delta Phi, as thephotographer snappeda picture of their king-sized presidentialwelcome sign.by questioning, reconsidering, and thenmoving boldly with you. We do it out ofdeep love for the institution and what itrepresents to us and, now, to you."Again music swelled, a prelude to theinduction. At the end of a brief speech,Howard Krane declared simply, "Hugo F.Sonnenschein, on behalf of the Board ofTrustees of this University, and with greatpersonal pleasure, I designate you Presidentof the University of Chicago."Sonnenschein smilingly stepped up to thepulpit. Pulling out his reading glasses, hebegan with a pledge of his own: "I understand my responsibilities in caring for thisextraordinary institution, and I pledge toyou that 1 will nurture those qualities andvalues that make Chicago special." Andalthough his address (page 26), like thoseissued a few days earlier when Columbiaand Yale universities installed their newpresidents, pointed to the problems facingprivate higher education, its tone was guardedly optimistic: What must carry Chicagothrough, he said, are the University's commitment to ideas and its belief in the importance of a community of scholars.He then welcomed eight internationallydistinguished scholars into that community, through the conferral of honorarydegrees. As a University sponsor read outeach honoree's accomplishments, thescholar stepped forward:Ihsan Abbas, professor emeritus at theAmerican University of Beirut... FrancisAllen, professor of law and the Hubert C.Hurst Eminent Scholar at the University ofFlorida. ..Yves Coppens, holder of theChaire de Paleoanthropologie et Prehistoireat the College de France (who, in anermine-trimmed pink gown and a pink,gold, and white fez-like cap, stood out evenin an flock of academic peacocks) . . .Richard Holm, the Higgins proiessor ofchemistry at Harvard University... LeonidHurwicz, the Regents' Professor emeritus ofeconomics at the University of Minnesota. ..Bruno Nettl, professor of musicand anthropology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign...!. M. Singer,Institute Professor at the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology. ..and, RomilaThapar, professor of ancient Indian historyemerita at Jawaharla Nehru University in New Delhi.Convocation over, the pipers againdrummed a tattoo, playing the academicprocession through the main quadrangle.This time, the first two figures behind theUniversity marshal were a smiling HugoSonnenschein and a beaming HowardKrane. Back at Bartlett Gymnasium, theprocession transformed itself into animpromptu receiving line, with delegatesqueuing to greet the president before hurrying inside to remove their regalia.Still in his robes, Sonnenschein walkedtoward a post-convocation luncheon. Readyto trade medieval for contemporary garb, hegreeted a staffer, "There's the man with myjacket!" Mild panic ensued when the stafferrealized that his new boss's suit jacket wasstill back at Bartlett. No problem, Sonnenschein shrugged, using the few minutes ofretrieval time to meet and greet anotherdozen or so well-wishers.At lunch, Sonnenschein's tablematesincluded Presidents Gray and Levi;Chicago's newest Nobel laureate, RobertFogel; and William G. Bowen (who, aspresident of Princeton, recruited Sonnenschein to its economics faculty in 1976). Ascoffee was served, the man of the hourstepped up to the lectern and confessed, "Ifeel somewhat awkward that I'm in front ofyou for so much of the day." Above all, hecontinued, it was a day to celebrate not anindividual, but an institution.Sonnenschein did step back thatafternoon, as Chicago's community of scholars capably continued the celebration with fiveinterdisciplinary symposia — allstanding-room-only. Grouped under therubric of the University's motto, "LetKnowledge Grow from More to More," thesymposia collectively and cleverly linkedthe insitution's past and present scholarshipto future knowledge.In "The Evolution of the Physical Universe" — moderated by U of C cosmologistMichael Turner — astronomy and astrophysics professor Richard Kron discussedthe continuing influence of Edwin P.Hubble, AB'10, PhD'17 (for whom theHubble Space Telescope is named). Perhapswith the halt in government funding of the Superconducting Supercollider in mind, hiscolleague Edward Kolb noted the comingtogether of cosmology and high-energyphysics: "The tool that we are going to useto understand the early universe is not atypical tool of astronomy. It's not a telescope — it's a particle accelerator." And historian of science Noel Swerdlow talkedabout the costs of "honestly pursuing science.""Observational and theoretical cosmology,and their costly bedfellow, particle physics,"said Swerdlow, "find themselves today in asituation with some similarity to Galileo,"whom the Church punished for endorsing aheliocentric cosmology. "Since the lifebloodof science is becoming increasingly basedon public funds," Swerdlow warned, today'scosmologists "may be condemned as exorbitant and useless, and in this way stoppedas effectively as Galileo's house arrest andprohibition to publish."Across campus, the sometimes uncomfortable, sometimes productive role of a liberal-arts college within a major researchuniversity was aired in "Liberal Educationand the Advancement of Knowledge," moderated by Dean of the College John Boyer,AM'69, PhD'75. Both Richard Storr, authorof Harper's University, and U of C sociologyprofessor Donald Levine, AB'50, AM'54,PhD'57, discussed how the visions of Presidents Harper and Hutchins influencedundergraduate education at Chicago. SaidLevine: "Whereas Harper was our Washington, who went to battle for resources tosecure our independence and presided overour formative years, Hutchins was our Jefferson, a leader who voiced our ideals witheloquent rhetoric and raised extraordinarystandards for the liberal arts and science."Roger Geiger, an expert on Americanhigher education from Penn State, took adifferent tack, arguing that, in fulfillingtheir general-education obligations to theirundergraduates, research universities haveall too often "succumbed" to the "cunicularnihilism" of multiculturism — thereby offering "indoctrination" rather than education:"The role of a university is to study theworld," Geyer declared, "not change it."Research that has changed the world wasthe subject of "Transplantation: the SecondRevolution," moderated by Jeffrey Blue-22 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993There areNo YearsDedicated to Hugo SonnenscheinOctober 19, 1993Hold your tears:"there are no years."That is what grasshoppers chirp in replyto our tears of aging.And they drink dewand get a little tipsyhanging on stemswith little diamondson the tips of their tinysnotty noses.And each of them is a little green poet.Hold your fears,there are no years.This is what a handful of planetsjingle like a handful of coinsin a cosmic pocket, full of holes.This is what all endangered streetcars,outliving their time,roar with dusty tears,roar with rusty gears,"There are no years."This is what a child's twigis writing in the sand.This is what a woman's lonely wigwhispers, longing for a tender hand.This is what a tiny vein,full of pain,like a blue springthrobs and wants to singon the transparent temple of my love,while for her runaway fingers longs her fallen glove.Love again disappears and appears..."There are no years..."We lock ourselves in our old agelike in a rusty cage.But scratch any old manand you will find an impetuous childinside him playing hide-and-seek.Scratch any old woman —all of them are justgray-haired girls.To suspect they are oldis not right,is just impolite.Their gray hair is pure and lightas apple tree blossom.Sometimes old age is quite wholesome.Some comments:There are only blessedand stressed moments.Do not split us into generations.Someone who is old, but young,straddles time.Right foot — in the past.Left foot — in the future.Something between them — in the present.Someone who is old, but youngplows the body of the belovedlike a peasant... Isn't it pleasant?The old silver of our hairis worth more than old gold.Be bold!Hold your fears:There are no yearsfor all Romeos and Julietswith eyes trembling likepetals of violets...In love half a momentis half a century.Hold on! Be bold!Fall in love and you will notget old.This is the adviceof all green grasshoppers!There is some not bad news!Another life exists with charming views.But I don't want another life!But I don't want another wife!What I want —is a hundred lives in just one.Such shy arroganceis my only gun.I don't sleepwith my unshaved,but not enough kissed cheeks,and only one old chair creaks and creaks:Hold your fears:"There are no years."— Yevgeny YevtushenkoUniversity of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 23Presiding over the post-inaugural luncheon(below right) was a portrait of William RaineyHarper. Jazz saxophonist Mwata Bowden(below left) played at anafternoon symposium on "Music: Theory andPractice. " At Ida Noyes,the evening's partyincluded country line-dancing (far left). Hugoand Beth Sonnenschein(top right) were at theparty — early and late.stone, chair of the committee on immunology. In the early 1900s, Chicago professorand Nobelist Alexis Carrel developed techniques for grafting organs. What he didn'texpect was the body's immune response —which attacks a transplant as readily as aforeign virus or bacteria. How to thwartthat response? Today, the "sledgehammer"drugs of the 1970s have given way to morerefine efforts, like those of Bluestone andcolleagues, to chemically alter the T-cellscontrolling the attack. Even if the problemof organ rejection is solved, noted U of Ctransplantation surgery chief J. RichardThistlethwaite, the problem ol organ availability remains. Solutions — whether "incentives" for donations, animal organs, orliving-donor transplants" all raise ethicalissues.Meanwhile, U of C researcher JeffreyLeiden, AB'75, PhD'79, MD'81, studiesanother kind of transplantation. Calledgene therapy, the idea is to "transplant"new genetic material into the body at thecellular level, to help treat a potentiallyenormous number of diseases, both inherited and acquired. The questions raised bytransplant.)! ion, said Mark Sicgler, MD'67,of the University's Center for MedicalEthics, arc "profound questions about life, death, the limits of medical intervention,the nature of scientific progress" and theyare questions that will continue to be studied and debated by the entire Universitycommunity.In the elegant confines of Goodspeed Hall,"Music: Theory and Practice," moderatedby Dean of the Humanities Philip Gossett,mixed performances and lectures. Assistantmusic professor Ingrid Monson's talk onthe nature of jazz improvisation was followed by music from jazz saxophonistMwata Bowden and pianist Ken Chaney.First playing "Autumn Leaves" as scored,they improvisationally repeated the tune,expanding and embellishing it into an"instant composition." The symposiumsegued from jazz to classical, as CharlesRosen, who is both a professional pianistand a professor in the Committee on SocialThought, noted that theory and practice gohand in hand in performance, becomingdistinguishable "only if one malfunctions."Aided by two members of the ChicagoSymphony Orchestra, music professor andCSO composer-in-residence Shulamit Randiscussed the creative limitations — andopportunities — a commission can imposeon the composer. Ellen Harris, AM'70,PhD'76, MIT's associate provost for the arts, sang snatches of Handel to demonstratewhat her research has found: singers inHandel's day hit the high notes softly anddelicately, not with the forcefulness of their20th-century counterparts. Trying to singin 17th-century style, the former chair ofChicago's music department said, had provided her with new insights into "therhythm and aesthetic in Handel's work.""Altruism and Egotism," moderated byLaw School professor Richard Epstein,brought together — physically if not intellectually — two ends of the social sciencesspectrum: those whose work is based onassumptions of rational self-interest andthose who argue that such theories fail totake into account cultural complexities.Rather than positing altruistic against egoistic behavior, Nobel economist Gary Becker,AM'53, PhD'55, argued that both self-interest and altruism are consistent with rationalbehavior when "rational" is defined as"goal-directed." Political scientist Jon Elsteralso defined altruism in a way that includedrational self-interest: "If each of the alternatives is exactly as good as the other" in24 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993terms of self-interest outcomes, Elster said,altruism can be the "tie-breaker." Morework has been done on self-interest thanaltruism, he speculated, because self-interest, easier to analyze and imagine, has had"methodological primacy."Speaking from the other side of what hetermed "a paradigm gap," anthropologistMarshall Sahlins called rational choice a"rational choice in Gary's case, since itnetted him a Nobel Prize." But as a "legacyof the Enlightenment doctrine of humanperfectibility," rational choice is an expression of a "cultural logic" that does not holdtrue everywhere: "In many places, the self isnot even the same as the person ostensiblymaking the self-interested decision."When the last of thesymposium roomsemptied a bit after 5:00p.m., many of the panelists and the participants headed to IdaNoyes Hall for an evening-long collationdubbed "Let Parties Grow from More toMore."Under a huge white tent, clusters ofbrightly colored, helium-filled balloonsadvertised the food being handed outbelow: hot dogs, pizza, cotton candy,roasted corn. The carnival food matchedthe carnival atmosphere: jazz and countrymusicians, a karaoke system, and studententertainers like the Acafellas were all onthe bill.A baseball cap replacing his gold-tasseledvelvet tarn, Hugo Sonnenschein was easy tospot, whether dancing a few bars of aklezmer-band number or helpfully shushing the crowd during an Off-Off Campusskit. After a half hour or so, Beth and HugoSonnenschein headed home, with the president promising cheerfully, "We'll be back."They were. At half past ten that night —long after a soggy group of umbrella-carrying spectators had watched through themist as fireworks flared and fizzled over theMidway — Sonnenschein, in jeans and a Uof C sweatshirt, could still be found in IdaNoyes, this time trying his hand at countryline-dancing.The next morning, of course, he and theUniversity were both back at work.University' of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 25"The problems are real.Jam honored to serve as the eleventh President ofthe University of Chicago. I understand myresponsibilities in caring for this extraordinaryinstitution, and I pledge to you that I will nurturethose qualities and values that make Chicago special. Iwant on this occasion to speak with you about two ofthose qualities and values in particular and about whythey are so important as we face the challenges andopportunities that lie ahead.At Chicago, we are committedabove all to ideas — to their discovery and expression, to testing theirpower. We believe that ideas mustbe unfettered and challengedbecause that is the only way toexpand our horizons and correctour errors. It is through thisprocess that new ideas take shape,old ideas are set aside or strengthened, and bodies of knowledge areorganized in more useful ways.So it is ideas that matter most atthis university. We judge ourselvesas scholars by the quality of theideas we generate. We judge ourselves as teachers by how well wecommunicate ideas to students. Weevaluate our students on the basisof their growing capacity to developand express ideas of their own. Andthe results over one hundred andone years have been remarkable.Chicago faculty and students haveopened up whole new areas ofstudy — from law and economics tourban sociology. They have recast the field of literarycriticism, have discovered the role of hormones incancer treatment, have unleashed the power of atomicenergy, and have wrestled with the scientific, politicaland moral dilemmas of the nuclear age.Our deep commitment to the overriding importance ofideas, however, is only part of the essence of this university. What also truly defines us is our belief in theimportance of intellectual community and in what wecan achieve as a community of scholars. What does itmean to be a community of scholars and why is this soimportant? What can we achieve as a community that we cannot achieve alone? There are several answers.For one thing, sharing ideas and criticism enriches ourscholarship. At Chicago, we are proud of the way inwhich members of our community feel a responsibilityto "mix it up" intellectually. This is not always a genteelprocess. It can be unsettling for the lazy, the inflexible,or the faint of heart. But it also can be incredibly invigorating. It forces us to re-examine the logic of our arguments, to learn how to talk openly about sensitivetopics, and to benefit from the perspectives of others. All of thismakes the University a bubbling —sometimes seething — cauldron ofintellectual stew. The Chicagorecipe requires us to be together inthe pot and demands that the stovebe turned up high. Sometimes thepot boils over and there is a mess.Some may find this degree ofheat — this intensity — uncomfortable. But ideas have a way ofcoming together at this temperature, and ideas that can withstandthis communal scrutiny have morestaying power than ideas we propound only to ourselves.An intellectual community alsopromotes scholarship across disciplines, as well as the unexpectedinsights that can occur when different disciplines share a commonintellectual space. This is particularly important because many ofthe most interesting questions ofour time are found on the edges of,and in the gaps between, traditional fields of study. Atthis university, we try to give much more weight to thesubstance of an idea than to the departmental affiliationof its originator. Where else would the Nobel Prize ineconomics be awarded to a member of the Law Schoolfaculty?Scholarly community is also a prerequisite for the crucial and challenging business of putting together a curriculum. For twenty-five years, I designed courses inmicroeconomic theory. Designing those courses seemedlike trying to construct one room of a house when adjacent rooms were being built by other contractors andUniversity of Chicago Magazine/December 1993answers are not easy. "Iwhen the ground underneath the building was morethan a bit unsteady. I had to accommodate developments in related fields — labor economics, internationaltrade, finance. I had to adjust to changes in my students'backgrounds in mathematics and statistics. It was alwaysa struggle to make my work as good as it could be whilealso fitting in as well as possible with the surroundingarchitecture.Now think about organizing an entire economics curriculum. This would be like constructing a high-rise building onthat same trembling earth. Andfinally, think of designing a complete undergraduate curriculum.The time has long passed when anyindividual can do this well.The way we solve this problem, ofcourse, is to come together as a faculty, as a community of scholars, tolearn from each other and to decidewhat is most necessary for studentsto know and how various bodies ofknowledge are best fit together.How heartening that two-thirds ofour Social Sciences faculty gatheredlast winter to think about theundergraduate curriculum. Suchcoming together is too rare at ourresearch universities. But thenagain, intellectual community hasreceived great emphasis here. Thisis part of the legacy of the outstanding leadership of Edward Levi, ofHanna Gray.Let me mention one more benefit nhisinaugural address,President Hugo F.Sonnenscheinargues that Chicagowill find its waythrough intellectual,economic, and socialthickets with thehelp of twotrail markers: "ourcommitment to ideasand to intellectualcommunity/'of membership in a community of scholars: support.Scholarly work is extraordinarily difficult, and at timeslonely. It is not always understood or appreciated bythose outside the academy. The creation of new ideasrequires a willingness to defend assertions that others donot yet believe, to be vulnerable, to accept criticism, andto be resilient. Last week, at a press conference followingthe announcement of his Nobel Prize, Bob Fogel'smorality was questioned because he has addressedextremely sensitive subjects. He could have played it safeand left those subjects alone. But if you want to seek thetruth, then you have to take risks, and it helps to be in an environment that supports the truth seeker. Let usnot discount the value of the encouragement we derivefrom a community of committed and like-sufferingscholars.It is our single-minded devotion to ideas and our beliefin the importance of a community of scholars that makethe University of Chicago what it is. Many other universities care deeply about scholarship and community, butChicago is known for its especially fierce commitment tothese values. We have other goals,but these are the two that, for us,always come first. Thus, we are lesslikely to speak of the influence ofour students upon the political,social, and business world,although their influence has beensubstantial. We are less likely todefine our mission in terms of solving societal problems, althoughonce again I believe our contributions stand up well against those ofother universities. We are not aplace where one comes primarilyfor social reasons, although thefriendships that grow at Chicagoare deep and lasting and the spiritof this place can change one's life.I have spoken at such lengthabout Chicago's values — our commitment to ideas and to a community of scholars — because I believeso strongly that they are among ourmost precious assets. They are alsothe trail markers that we need tofollow as we make our way throughthe intellectual, economic, and social thickets that liebefore us.I read frequently that these are dark days for Americanhigher education, that our colleges and universities havelost their way. The elements of this indictment are familiar. For example:•University revenues have not been able to keep pacewith rising costs. Tuition charges cannot be raised muchfurther, federal support for research and student aid isnot likely to increase — and may even decline — and thereis a limit to the generosity of donors. How, then, are weto pursue original scholarship, pay for new scientificUNIVERSITY' OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/DECEMBER 1993I n the same way we come together to devise a curriculum, we must coithe most promise. We must he courageous enough to make roomjiimportant, flexible enough to admit our mistakes, and hornequipment and libraries, meet the full financial need ofour undergraduate students, and sustain our commitment to quality?•Universities have failed to appreciate all of the implications of a new information age — an age that mayrender universities obsolete as communities, since individuals no longer need to come to a central place to gainaccess to knowledge.•In addition, one reads that universities are being tornapart by racial and other tensions; that universities arebeing suffocated by the pall of political correctness; andthat universities promote research that is accessible onlyto a few and is of questionable value.These problems are real. Some of them confront us at Chicago. The answers are not easy. But the more I thinkabout how we should respond to these challenges, themore convinced I am that the long-term solutions — andI am confident that there are solutions — will depend inno small degree on our continuing commitment to theimportance of ideas and intellectual community. Wemust see to it that these values are put to work morebroadly and in some ways more powerfully than everbefore.How can we maintain academic excellence in the faceof rising costs? This will depend largely on our ability tomake wise choices. In the same way we come together todevise a curriculum, we must come together as a community to decide which areas of scholarship have theether as a community to decide which areas oj scholarship have\m ideas, perceptive enough to distinguish the most important from the lessmt what we can afford.most promise. We must be courageous enough to makeroom for new ideas, perceptive enough to distinguishthe more important from the less important, flexibleenough to admit our mistakes, and honest about whatwe can afford.How can we employ technology to enhance our scholarship and teaching? Advances in computation and information technology will reshape all fields and open up newvistas of scholarship. But at the cutting edge of knowledgeI do not believe that these advances will replace the needfor discourse or criticism. To date, changes have lengthened the reach of scholarly communities, but they havenot replaced the need for such communities.How can our commitment to ideas and to intellectual community help us create an environment of trust, particularly among a diverse student body, faculty, andstaff? Part of the answer is to build upon our skills andhabits of speaking with each other about ideas that arecontentious and frequently provocative. Another part isto build upon our high regard for each other as people ofintelligence and common spirit. While we cannot expectuniversities to close the fissures that divide society,candid discourse about difficult and sometimes intenselypersonal issues — race, sexuality, the distribution of economic and political power — can be a significant force forgenerating trust.How can we avoid being suffocated by political correctness? When the term refers to the introduction ofimportant new lines of inquiry, a faculty that prizes ideasand is used to being open with each other will not hesitate to press ahead. But when efforts are made to imposean orthodoxy or inhibit the search for truth, they mustbe vigorously resisted by the entire scholarly community. The best way to distinguish between a serious newidea and a thinly concealed political agenda is to pushhard on the substance of the arguments — just as we typically do at Chicago.And what about the value of scholarship? Research onthe cutting edge is driven by curiosity and often involvesunfamiliar concepts and techniques. It may be difficultimmediately to ascertain its value. But ideas that withstand the scrutiny of a broad audience of tough andresistant critics — both among our colleagues and withinour classrooms — are likely to be significant. Some mayeven prove to have important applications. As JohnMaynard Keynes wrote: "The ideas of economists andpolitical philosophers, both when they are right andwhen they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed, the world is ruled by littleelse. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quiteexempt from any intellectual influences, are usually theslaves of some defunct economist."As we face all these opportunities and challenges then,the basic values that have built and sustained thisremarkable institution — the primacy of ideas and intellectual community — will remain our best guide.Let us come together with our characteristic intensity.Let us come together bravely, willing to question andchallenge all that we do. May the work accomplishedhere significantly push forward the boundaries ofknowledge. May it add to the record of outstandingscholarship and learning at the University of Chicago.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 29But what did itall mean?An anthropologist takes a closer look at the meanings — secularand sacred — behind the ritual.By Karen Richman"SONNENSCHEIN'S JOURNEY...WAS MAPPED OUT BY MUSIC AND PARADE.D he purpose of ritual, whether secular or sacred, is to effect change — atransformation in status, condition,or relationship.The ritual involved in the October 20inauguration of Hugo Sonnenschein was a"rite of passage." Parades, entrances, exits,doorways, aisles, roads, and crossroadsechoed universal symbols of ritual journey.Like brides, grooms, priests, and fraternitybrothers, to name only a few categories ofinitiate, Sonnenschein traveled into his newposition. He marched at the tail of the longacademic procession into RockefellerMemorial Chapel, where he would becomepresident. Inside the chapel, the choralmusic, from Haydn's Creation, linked thepresident's "rebirth" with the birth of theworld. The next musical verse, by Orlandodi Lasso, pictured the coming of the Divine,an analogy to the president's arrival into hisnew identity.That arrival, the goal of the transformation ritual, always takes place within a sym-Kiimi Richman, a Mellon instructor in theSocial Sciences Collegiate Division, receivedher Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Virgina. She writes on ritual in theCaribbean and among Caribbean immigrantsto the U.S., as well as on labor and culture. bolically created domain, a world ofcharged, condensed meanings. Sonnenschein's journey from the everyday to theritual world was mapped out by music andparade. The journey began with the University's bagpipe band leading the majesticpageant from Bartlett Gymnasium downUniversity Avenue. When the processionreached the chapel, a cruciform structure,the band reformed and lined up at a rightangle to the door. Now the pipers faced theprocession as it paraded by, two linesmarching into the chapel. Organ musicsounded as the marchers filled row afterrow of pews — a pattern mirrored perfectlyat the rite's end.As a musicologist on the faculty observed,the ritual space of the chapel was furtherdefined by musical instruments, organ infront and chorus and orchestra at the back.Organ interludes and ensemble-style choraland chamber music continually filled thespace, except for relatively brief spokeninterludes. Solo notes were heard onlyonce. A lone woodwind was the first soundafter Sonnenschein's inaugural speech, amusical way of distinguishing him as anindividual. The solo — and the president'sindividuality — were ephemeral, as theStravinsky piece modulated quickly intofull Baroque ensemble style. The president and the community had been integratedagain.In rites of passage, physical contact oftenmarks change in status. The person usingtouch to confer new status upon anothermust command perfect authority: priest,president, queen, or king. Howard Krane,chair of the board of trustees, filled this rolefor the University. The spontaneousapplause of all present, when heapproached Hugo Sonnenschein, extendinghis right hand, indicated universal recognition that the gesture "made" Hugo Sonnenschein the University's president.Clothing is a second figurative means ofincorporating an initiate. At the end of theirtransformation, new members put on thegarments worn by the group. For his inauguration, Hugo Sonnenschein was dressedin the maroon, doctoral robe of the University of Chicago. Even the formal luncehonfor officials and delegates which followedthe ceremony symbolized incorporation inthe form of communal eating.The uses of movement, touch, costume,and food are among the patterned ways rituals manipulate symbolic meanings,Together, such metaphors constitute eachritual's "logic." They also create meaning byreference to other rituals in the given cycle.Just as Christmas has meaning in relation toEaster and other holidays in the Christiancalendar, so the inauguration was enactedas a "special convocation," invoking all theother convocations, special convocations,and inaugurations that had come before. Tofurther keep participants aware of its placewithin a procession of such convocationsover the years, the rite was labeled as theUniversity's 432nd convocation.Ranking in historical sequence was notjust for record-keeping. History and tradition were the day's encompassing themes.For the rite of passage to succeed, there hadto be conviction that the ceremony wasbeing done the way it always was, and30 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993would be, done. The order of the procession — with presidents, provosts, and high-ranking officials and representatives ofother universities and learned societiesmarching in reverse order of their founding — constructed the historical context.The rigid etiquette of the procession fixatedthis history.So powerful was the assertion of unswerving fidelity to an unchanging heritage thateven new elements appeared as old traditions. The bagpipe band is a recent innovation, yet, as the official convocation band,they were imbued with precedence, a quality no doubt aided by their dress in officialUniversity of Chicago tartans, the antique-sounding music, and the association of bagpipes with medieval Britain, the essentialsource of academic authenticity in NorthAmerica.The academic gowns, hoods, and caps —wom only on ceremonial occasions today —recreated the everyday costume of the earlyEnglish university professors, in an erawhen every free citizen wore robes andhats, decorated with the signs of rigid socialdistinction. In the same way, the choice ofBaroque-style music inside the chapel further underscored the importance of linkingthe contemporary ceremony to the deeproots of American academic culture.D he ritual's setting, within the confines of a magnificent Gothic-inspired cathedral, promptedquestions about the intermeshing of religious and secular rites. Was the ceremonymore secular than sacred? Could the day'sambiance be seen as a religious one?The setting "was conducive to a dignifiedatmosphere, but not a religious one," saidGSB professor Robert Ashenhurst, the Marshal of the University (a title that once usedto be Marshal of the Congregation). Yetcompeting interpretations seemedinevitable reactions to a ritual unfolding inside a monument to the marriage of theintellectual and the spiritual.John D. Rockefeller, the University's benefactor, envisioned the chapel as a realizationof the ideal of a university "dominated bythe spirit of religion." Images juxtaposingreligious and intellectual pursuits prolifer- metaphysical oneness of these idealizedgender images with an unidentified quotefrom the Wisdom of Solomon, "Wisdomraises her offspring to greatness. ..to serveher is to serve the Holy One, and the Lordloves those who serve her."Relgious echoes could also be seen in theate inside and out. Coats of arms of IvyLeague universities line up between angels;stone figures representing higher learning — a scholar, scientist and administrator — stand near biblical prophets,evangelists, and saints. As the largest hallon campus, the chapel hosts the mostimportant University events. Every occasioninside its solemn walls can be said to reaffirm the authority of Rockefeller's ideal.One administrator observed that the ritualhad "the tradition and trappings of religiosity without the context of a particulardenomination." Yet some faculty who sat inthe nave, the main part of the sanctuaryforming the vertical line of the cross, experienced a Christian.After all, they argued, formal invocation tomonotheism's supreme being, uttered by anEpiscopalian priest, began and ended theservice. A few professors likened the opening prayer to a reenactment of Enlightenment deism, situating the lonescholar-thinker in a world created by thedivine, but then abandoned to humanbeings who can reason and, thereby, orderthe world.As for the musical texts, exerpts frommasses or mass-like works — Haydn's Creation, Orlando di Lasso's Laetentur Caeli,Bach's B Minor Mass — invoked the Christian divinity. The Baroque texts representedGod as Creator, Lord, and Judge, invitingHim to consecrate this rite of passage. Andthe final hymn honored the Alma Mater.From the perspective of meanings forgedbetween the musical texts, the Lord thusmarried the "fostering mother" of the University. The Benediction reformulated the placement of Hugo Sonnenschein at the endof the entering procession, a position recalling that of the bishop, the last to enter thecathedral. Once inside, the president andhigh-ranking officers occupied the sacred-most chancel, where sit the bishop andother high church officials. (Indeed, thenew president broke at this point with University tradition, declining to sit upon atowering, ornate presidential chair knownas "the throne.")And after the culminating handshake withKrane, the annointed president moved intothe pulpit to deliver his sermon. Theornate, enclosed pulpit occupies a symbolically superior position, above the congregation and to their right, the side of authorityand auspiciousness. Engulfed by the intenseverticality of the pulpit's design, he seemedto transcend before his audience's eyes.Hugo Sonnenschein's rite of passage was asociety-wide event. The academic community not only ushered him into his newstatus, but they also, simulateously, rejuvenated themselves. Rituals are occasions forcommunity redefinition. Members reposition themselves in the group; the groupredefines its relationships to other like communities.Medieval English academic pageantry,bagpipes, Baroque organ, choral and chamber music, opening and closing prayers, achapel founded upon a confounding ofscholarship and religion, and speechesasserting our history were all ways of articulating who we are. Many questioned thesymbols of identification. No one challenged the authority of the inaugural rite ofpassage to define the University of Chicago.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 3 1"More worship a rising than a settingsun." — Pompev (Gnacus Pompeius] , fromPlutarch's Lives.ould we have themquietly schlepp intooffice to assumetheir command? No,there should begaiety and celebration for our freshly minted presidents. Fatballoons. Lofty speeches. Catered snacks.Well, yes and no. Chicago does have a tradition of christening its chief executives insuitably splendid style, as witnessed duringits most recent inaugural for Hugo Sonnenschein. But, as with most other Chicago traditions, there are some rather peculiar idiosyncrasies poking through the velvetysheen of pomp and circumstance.For one thing, a total of four Universitypresidents came and went before the fifthone said it was okay to throw him a welcome party. The institution's initial inaugural shyness could be seen as a reflectionof its first president, William RaineyHarper. After all, Harper's refusal to conduct opening-day ceremonies for the fledging University is legendary. But it would beinaccurate to assume that the president disliked pomp of a subdued sort. For example,Harper dutifully led the ceremonial layingof each new building cornerstone — hisround face frozen in a Mona Lisa smile asthe flashbulbs popped. In 1901, he orchestrated each detail of the young University's decennial bash — one that was, admittedly,heavy on the speeches, light on the balloons.As Harper's death from cancer wasmourned on campus in 1906, Harry PrattJudson solemnly declined any inauguralceremonies out of respect for his predecessor. The third president, Ernest DeWittBurton, also rejected an inauguration. Noofficial rationale was given, but perhaps thereason can be found in Burton's blunt confession, upon beginning his term at age 67,that "the attainment of the presidency wasnot among my ambitions, still less amongmy expectations. Cherished ambitions Ihad... and for the fulfillment of these 1 haddistinctly in mind that I should, at thistime, retire from administration." Not theFirst ImpresFor an auspicious inauguration, you need balloons, X. speeches, and, aboil32 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993words of a man in the mood to party.Fourth president Max Mason reportedlyhad an intense distaste for ceremony — oneimagines him declining an inaugurationwith a slight shiver of revulsion. Uponlearning of his election in 1925, Masonsimply drafted a three-line memo expressing his gratitude.The University finally got its first officialinaugural in 1929, and it could not havepicked a better leading man than RobertMaynard Hutchins. Elected president at theprecocious age of 30, Hutchins radiated theearnest intensity of a young William RaineyHarper — while his suave manners, quickwit, and handsome profile proved irresistible to even the sternest academic andmost jaded newshound. So it was that November 19 became a sortof glamorous debutante's ball for the institution. Mitchell Tower's chimes proudlyrang out "For Chicago, Alma Mater" as theUniversity marshal led a procession, including delegates from 244 universities and colleges, down 59th Street. A rainbow ofcolored robes and hoods, from Harvardcrimson to Yale royal blue, streamed intoRockefeller Chapel as the audience of 1,800rose and the majestic organ notes of Guil-mant's Processional "March on a themefrom Handel" vibrated through the atmosphere like an unworldly tremor.Of course, inaugurals — like all suchsolemn ceremonies — look best from a distance. Close-up, a procession of crustyscholars stepping on each others robes may resemble an academic Roller Derby; butmove back far enough and that same procession flows with the precision of a BusbyBerkeley musical. Likewise, from a distancewe assume the inaugurated president ishaving a simply mah-velous time. Closer,one may discern strain behind the smile, asthe new executive endures a gauntlet ofpotential faux pas: accurately recalling thenames of easily offended faculty (bonuspoints for spouses), finishing the big speechwithout a stammer, smiling for the dozenth"last" photo — all without losing one's composure or academic hood. No wonder somany Chicago presidents have turned downthe "honor" of a ceremony.Yet, as Virgil wrote, "Perhaps someday itwill be pleasant to remember even this." Inhindsight, a new president may reflect,"Wasn't the sky a beautiful blue thatday?.... Wasn't that toad in the receiving linedenied tenure?" The Magazine can at leastprovide an answer to the first question, andother highlights from inaugurations past.Weather or notAlthough there wasn't a truly awful day inthe bunch — at least by Chicago standards —some inaugurations were balmier thanothers. Robert Hutchins's inauguration daywas probably the least pleasant: temperatures hovered around freezing, and theskies were dark gray.It would be hard to rival seventh presidentGeorge Wells Beadle's inaugural weather onMay 5, 1961: sunshine, blue skies, calmwinds, and a high near 60 that was perfectfor robe-wearing.All in the familyNinth president John Todd Wilson, in thetradition of the University's first four presidents, requested that his inauguration bekept "in the family." A group of 1,500 —"mostly students, faculty, and others associated with the University" — assembledMarch 4, 1976, in Rockefeller Chapel forwhat the Chicago Sun-Times called "asimple but gracious ceremony."The young and restlessThe student protests that plagued EdwardHirsch Levi's administration began on hisinaugural day, November 14, 1968, whenabout 100 students stood outside Rockefeller Chapel to protest against the VietnamWar as the inaugural procession marchedwest from Ida Noyes to the chapel.Adjourning across the street to WoodwardCourt, the students joined a meeting sponsored by the Hyde Park Anti-Draft Union.The preceding night, about 40 students hadpicketed outside the Conrad Hilton Hotel.where a civic dinner with 2,000 invitedsipns, a president. By Tim Obermiller Slow start: Contrary tolegend, William RaineyHarper (1) actually likedceremonies, although hedeclined an inaugural.Harry Pratt Judson (2) alsorefused inauguration as thecampus mourned Harper'sdeath. Neither ErnestDeWitt Burton (3) nor MaxMason (4) desired any ceremonial fuss. Finally, the Uof C's first inauguration (5)was held for its fifth president, Robert Hutchins (6).Lawrence Kimpton (7) followed the "tradition."sipns, a president. By Tim Obermiller Slow start: Contrary tolegend, William RaineyHarper (1) actually likedceremonies, although hedeclined an inaugural.Harry Pratt Judson (2) alsorefused inauguration as thecampus mourned Harper'sdeath. Neither ErnestDeWitt Burton (3) nor MaxMason (4) desired any ceremonial fuss. Finally, the Uof C's first inauguration (5)was held for its fifth president, Robert Hutchins (6).Lawrence Kimpton (7) followed the "tradition."University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 3 3guests was being held in Levi's honor.For tenth president Hanna Gray's October6, 1978, inauguration, students showedwhat could almost be described as "schoolspirit," although the display was byzantineenough to qualify as distinctly Chicago.The night before, students surreptitiouslydraped enormous maroon-and-white banners across the machicolated battlements of Harper's towers, spelling out a congratulatory V1VAT HANNA. They also hungbrightly painted papier-mache gargoyles onthe drab face of the administration building.As the academic procession trekked weston 59th Street toward Rockefeller Chapel,students painted as clowns cavortedthrough the line, passing out balloons bearing the names of Chicago's ten presidents.So you want to be president? Inductees mustendure a gauntlet of possible faux pas. George Beadle(1 , with wife Muriel) endedup borrowing his inauguralhood; John Wilson (2) optedfor a simple ceremony.Student celebrations andprotests (3) kept the Grayinaugural a lively affair (4). As Gray entered the chapel, a dozen or sostudents began chanting, "Hanna Gray,what do you say? U of C divest today!"(referring to the University's refusal to sellits stock in companies doing business inSouth Africa). But student benevolence hadthe last word at a post-inaugural facultyreception in Hutchinson Commons, as anuninvited troupe of merry prankstersappeared with flutes and recorders to serenade the new, and bemused, president.Presidential jackpotMost past presidents to attended an inaugural: three (a tie). Sixth presidentLawrence Alpheus Kimpton, along withHutchins and Beadle, attended the Leviinaugural. Beadle, Levi, and Wilson wereguests at Gray's inauguration.Repeat attenderRobert Maynard Hutchins witnessed threeinaugurals (Kimpton, Beadle, and Levi) — arecord which was recently tied whenEdward Levi, after attending the inauguralsof Wilson and Gray, was a guest at Sonnenschein's inauguration.Something borrowedIn the days before his inauguration, GeorgeBeadle labored over his speech, while Mrs.Beadle faced the task of finding a decentacademic hood for her husband to wearwith his inaugural robes. With degrees fromseveral institutions, Beadle had an assortment of colored hoods from which tochoose. "It was thought his Oxford University hood, brilliant scarlet, would be a colorful note — but on second thought it mightbe too colorful," reported the Chicago DailyTribune. In the end, Muriel Beadle selecteda Cornell University Ph.D. hood — borrowed from her husband's predecessor,Lawrence Kimpton, who wore it for hisown inauguration. The hood, a large circular shawl worn over the traditional blackgown, had two white chevrons on a largesplash of cardinal.Attention to detailFrom the alumni Magazine's description ofpreparations for the Gray inauguration:"Inside Ida Noyes, an army of Buildings andGrounds personnel cleared the entire firstfloor of furniture at dawn. The gymnasiumand front foyer were turned into an enormous wardrobe and backstage for the brilliant enrobing of 504 faculty, visiting headsof other institutions (200 of them), andtrustees who would march. The library andits anteroom clanked and glittered with 500sherry glasses on silver trays and 144 bottles of wine. In the Cloister Club they set up41 tables.... Ladies flitted among the tables34 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1992fluttering down table clothes and anchoringthem with 41 vases, each carrying tworoses.""A pox on your ceremony!"From a November 14, 1951, memo following the Kimpton inauguration: "So far as wehave been able to learn, there were very fewcomplaints, and these were relativelyminor, involving such mishaps as loss of adelegate's hat, a poor seat for [an attendingbishop) , and a delegate who reported to hisinstitution that he did not participatebecause we had no record of him (thoughhis name was in the program and his cardin the registration file)."Crying at the chapelThe most touching inaugural momentoccurred when Robert Maynard Hutchinsbestowed an honorary degree upon his ownfather, William James Hutchins, presidentof Berea College in Kentucky. As describedby James O'Donnell Bennett, a reporter forthe Chicago Tribune: "The rigid etiquette ofthis occasion required that the son shouldremain seated when his father wasescorted.. .from the choir stalls on the left ofthe chancel — as you face it — to a place infront of the oaken throne chair..."The son, still sitting and briefly doffinghis gold tasseled mortar board to his father,took up the ornate words of the ritual ofbestowal... The son went serenely throughthe opening words of the bestowal. Afterthat his voice broke and his lips trembled,He seemed to linger on the words with ahumility. Once or twice he glanced upwardat his black robed father. But mostly hisgaze was downcast, and his tone was gentlealmost to timidity, as of one saying in theback of his mind, 'Tis I, sir, who should bestanding before you.'"Most ear-splitting egalitarian gestureAfter the inauguration ceremony, Hannaand Charles Gray climbed up to the bell-ringing room of Mitchell Tower to thankthe University Change-Ringing Societywhose members, reported the University ofChicago Magazine, "were making the wallsof the tower shake with the melodious roarof the ten bells."Ashes to ashes...Recalling the six months spent in preparation for the inaugural, Marcia Kimpton tolda reporter for the Chicago Tribune: "Weused to call it the inauguration. Then wecalled it the coronation. And now I justthink of it as the cremation."Associate editor J aclyn H. Park assisted inresearch for this article. The Importance of Being EarnestA great inaugural speech, like theflourish of a bullfighter's cape,issues bold challenge in the context ofancient tradition. Such challenges extendthrough all of Chicago's presidentialspeeches: the struggle for excellence inthe face of public apathy or animosity;the institution's special experimental mission, and how that mission must stayfresh; the need to increase funding without compromising ordistorting the nature ofpure research. Yet eachspeech also bears thedistinctive mark of itsmaker.The long andthe short of itThe longest inauguralspeech — at 3,963words — was deliveredby George Beadle;Hanna Gray gave theshortest speech, at1,280 words. She alsoholds the record for thelongest sentence, at 68words. The shortestone-liner belongs toEdward Levi (right),who said in his inaugural address: "I hopewe always will."And a-one anda-two...Then there are thespeeches' opening lines.Although nothing asformidable as "Friends,Romans, Countrymen..." was uttered, allin some way reflected the character of thespeech to come.Robert Maynard Hutchins: "No mancan come to the presidency of the University of Chicago without being awed bythe University and its past."Lawrence Kimpton: "On occasions suchas these, the important roles are notplayed by those who are present."George Beadle: "Several years ago I wasasked how I thought a sum of severalhundred thousand dollars might best beused to strengthen higher education inAmerica."Edward Levi: "I trust I will be forgiven a personal word."John Wilson: "The origins and purposeof these occasions in the life of the University are not entirely clear."Hanna Holborn Gray: "Sometimearound the turn of the century — and on aday, one suspects, of somewhat loweredspirits — William Rainey Harper composed an account of the sorrows and satisfactions of the presidential office."Can 1 quoteyou on that?Used as a source ofhumor, perspective, ortimely wisdom, quotations are another tellingreflection of thespeaker.John Wilson's speechhad by far the most prolific use of quotations.An accomplishedscholar on the topic ofhigher education,Wilson plumbed thedepths of the University's archives to find atotal of 1 1 funny andrevealing sayings fromChicago icons likeHarper, Harold Swift,and Marion Talbot.Weighing in at secondwith seven quotes,Edward Levi alsoquoted Harper, twoother former presidents(Kimpton and Beadle,who both attended theinaugural) , as well asscholars Kenneth Clark,Sir Eric Ashby, andLouis Wirth.Hutchins and Kimpton were the onlypresidents to make their points without asingle reference to others' phrases.The most quoted source among all thespeakers, William Rainey Harper wascited five times — twice each in speechesby Levi and Wilson, and once by Gray.The most quoted line horn an inauguralspeech? It's nearly impossible to spendmuch time on campus without hearingthis remark from Hutchins: "If the firstfaculty of the University of Chicago hadmet in a tent, this would still have been agreat university."University' of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 35A lumni ChronicleAlumni Governors at workAt its fall meeting, held in the JosephRegenstein Library on October 1 and 2, theAlumni Association Board of Governorsapproved a three-year plan of action thatwill carry its work through the 1995-96academic year.The plan, developed by the Alumni Relations staff from a set of objectives outlinedby the board at its April 1993 meeting,establishes guidelines for the Alumni Association's campus, clubs, and educationalservices programs. Underlying the specificgoals for increasing alumni involvement inthe life of the University are plans for estab-lishling baseline participation and satisfaction levels against which the programs'performance can be quantitatively measured.The 25 members attending the meetingalso had a chance to talk with PresidentHugo Sonnenschein — both at a Fridaynight reception that he and his wife, Beth,hosted in the president's house and at a Saturday morning question-and-answer session. At the Saturday morning meeting, thenew president echoed the board's concernwith long-range goals:"In thinking about what is right for theAlumni Association," Sonnenschein said, "itis important to keep in mind what's rightfor the University as a whole." In the longrun, "what will benefit the University arethe comfortable, continuing relationshipsalumni have with Chicago." He added hishope that the board would think of its role"as one ol helping people in contact withthe University to feel the value of theirlong-term attachment."Clubs. Reporting on the activities of thestanding committee on alumni clubs,Richard L. Bechtolt, PhB'46, AM'50, presented three resolutions, which the boardunanimous!)' approved, all aimed atincreasing board members' ongoinginvolvement with the clubs program.Educational Sendees. The standing committee on educational services, chaired byDavid M. Terman, AB'55, MD'59, reportedon plans to extend the successful "AlumniCollege Day" at Reunion '94, as well as aproposal for another form of educationalservices: video "courses" featuring some of the University's great teachers.Campus Programs. Reporting on themeeting of the standing committee oncampus programs, Katherine Dusak Miller,AB'65, MBA'68, PhD'71, noted that thegroup had spent much of its time on waysto help the Alumni Relations staff increasethe numbers of both reunion attendees andvolunteers, in an effort to maintain theenthusiasm generated by the centennial celebrations.Magazine. As a follow-up to theMagazine's two reader surveys (see "Editor'sNotes," October/93), Michael Klingensmith, AB'75, MBA'76, who chairs the University of Chicago Magazine's advisorycommittee, reported that the committeewas planning two December focus groupsto study the differences in how younger andolder readers regard the Magazine. Thecommittee also planned to study the issueof advertising, with a report due at the April1994 meeting.Student Recruitment. Robert Levey,AB'64, reported that the advisory committeeon student recruitment had seen, and beenfavorably impressed by, a new video,"Uncommon Knowledge," which the College Admissions Oifice has prepared forprospective students. Levey also reportedon the results of a program in which a teamof Washington-area alumni contacted localstudents who had been accepted by boththe College and some of its strongest competitors. The pilot program was successfulenough (seven of the 23 students contactedenrolled at the U of C) that it will beexpanded in the spring.Development. Jack J. Carlson, AB'40, whochairs the development advisory committee, reported that the committee received abriefing from the University's corporaterelations staff, learning what the Universityis doing to expand corporate support bybuilding on the particularly strong base ofcorporate giving to the Graduate School ofBusiness and the Biological Sciences Division. Committee members were also askedlor advice on how best to recognize individual donors for their support of the University.Ad hoc Work. Board members also gathered in ad hoc groups to discuss plans foralumni use of the new University of Chicago Graduate School of BusinessDowntown Center; creating an alumni gateway to the campus; and career-support services for alumni.Get on (the alumni) boardNominations for the Alumni AssociationBoard of Governors are being solicited by acommittee — headed by board member JackJ. Carlson, AB'40 — that will submit a slateof candidates to the full board at its Aprilmeeting. At that same meeting, board officers will also be elected. New members andnew officers will serve for two-year termsbeginning July 1, 1994."As always," says Jeanne Buiter, MBA'86,executive director of the Alumni Association, "in reviewing the nominations, thecommittee will take into account such factors as involvement with the University,age, race, sex, place of residence, and academic degree. The goal is to assure a boardthat is as fully representative of our alumnipopulation as is possible."The Board of Governors sets policy for theAlumni Association and advises the University on matters of interest to its alumni. Iiyou would like to nominate someone to theboard, please include a one- or two-paragraph description of the nominee, summarizing his or her past service to theUniversity. All nominations should be sentto Jeanne Buiter at the U of C Alumni Association, 5757 South Woodlawn Avenue,Chicago, IL 60637. The deadline for nominations is February 18.Have scores, will tourIf it's spring break at Chicago, then theMotet Choir is on the road. The 1994 MotetChoir tour, sponsored by the Alumni Association and the Department of Music, willbegin in Boston on Saturday, March 19, andend in Washington, D.C, on Wednesday,March 23. Other stops include New YorkCity (Monday, March 21), Philadelphia(Tuesday, March 22), and a fifth East Coastcity to be announced.The 1994 tour, like those in years past,depends in large measure by the alumniclub and parent volunteers in each city —who organize a dinner for the choir and36 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993make all arrangements for the concert,reception, and housing of the studentswhile they are in town.The Motet Choir is made up of 36 singersand performs primarily a cappella music ofthe 16th through the 20th centuries.Formed in 1960 by Howard Mayer Brown(at the time of his death last February,Brown was the Ferdinand Schevill distinguished service professor in music at theUniversity), the choir is noted for its sensitive, stylistically accurate performances ofRenaissance and Baroque music.More details regarding the 1994 MotetChoir Tour will be sent to alumni in tourcities near the start of the new year. If youare interested in hosting a student in yourcity, please contact Christie Bybee at theAlumni Association, 312/702-2158.Intellectual warm-upsThis year's schedule of Winter Weekends,offered by the U of C Alumni Association inconjunction with the University's Centerfor Continuing Studies, has a new twist: thetwo Winter Weekends will be followed by ashorter, one-day Spring Seminar.The first Winter Weekend — January 22through January 23 — will take as its topic"The Evolution of the Natural World: Fromthe Birth of Time to the Death of theDinosaurs." The program will be taught byfour professors who have helped the University's natural science courses for non-science majors earn national recognition:Robert N. Clayton, David Jablonski,Edward W. Kolb, and Michael LaBarbera.The second Winter Weekend — February12 through February 13 — will focus on"Dependency and Disrepute: The UneasyCase for Compassion." The course beginswith two questions: How do we really feeltowards various kinds of dependent humanbeings — the aged, the mentally ill, the poor,the "deviant"? And how do those feelingsaffect our laws, our statements of policy,and our actual practice in the process ofhelping the less fortunate? An interdisciplinary approach will be provided by theweekend's faculty, Margaret K. Rosenheim,JD'49, the Helen Ross professor of socialwelfare policy at the School of Social Service Administration, and Edward W.Rosenheim, AB'39, AM'46, PhD'53, theDavid B. and Clara E. Stem professor emeritus in English.The Spring Seminar — to be held on Saturday, April 9 — will look at "American Lives:Cultural Differences, Individual Distinction." Amy Kass, a member of the Humanities Collegiate Division, will lead adiscussion of what it means to be an American. Participants will examine the question by looking at some diverse American auto-biographers — from Benjamin Franklin toMaxine Hong Kingston.For detailed information on the programs,please see the advertisement on page 5 ofthis issue, or contact Laura Gruen at theAlumni Association, 312/702-2161.Hello, HugoAlumni in six cities held welcoming receptions for University president Hugo Sonnenschein this fall. In all, some 2,350alumni and friends in those cities turnedout to meet the new president.The first reception, held at the Museum ofAmerican Folk Art in New York City onSeptember 28, was attended by 400 people.The next evening, a reception at the Marriott Long Wharf Hotel attracted 150 Meeting the President: More than 1,100alumni in Chicago turned out to meetHugo Sonnenschein at an October 5 reception at the Field Museum of NaturalHistory, sponsored by the University ofChicago Club of Metropolitan Chicago.Boston alumni. Closer to home, an October5 reception at the Field Museum of NaturalHistory brought in 1,1000 alumni from theChicago metropolitan area. On October 14,350 Washington, D.C, alumni attended areception at the city's Metropolitan Club.Two West Coast events — a reception atthe War Memorial Veterans Building in SanFrancisco on November 6, with 175 guests,and a reception and brunch at the Ritz-Car-leton Huntington Hotel, attended by nearly200 alumni and friends in Los Angeles —finished the welcome tour.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 37C lass NewsA new wrinkle for class news: Please specif)' theyear under which you would like your news toappear. Otherwise, we will list: (1) all formerundergraduates by their year of graduation (including those who later received graduate degrees) and(2) all former students who received only graduatedegrees by the year of their final degree. Whateverthe year, though, we are still eager to receive yournews at the Magazine. Send it to the Class NewsEditor, University of Chicago Magazine , 5757Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL 60637. No engagements, please. Items may be edited for space.Virginia Buell Pope, PhB'25, writes: "1 seemto be a leftover from the class of 1925, but Istill enjoy life, and keep busy. Are there still anyquadranglers'? If there are, a big hello! and goodwishes."Morton John Barnard, PhB'26, JD'27, wasawarded the 1993 Austin Fleming distinguished service award by the Chicago Estale Planning Council. Rlioda Lowcnberg Maurice, SB'26, ofBethesda, MD, visited for several clays in Augustwilh Roslyn Finkclstein Bodkey, X'27, of Chicago.The two have been Iricnds lor 85 years. AbrahamSchullz, SB'26, MD'30, retired in 1990, after 60years as an ophthalmologist. He looks forward toenjoying lime with his three children, nine grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.MR Roslyn Finkclstein Bodkey, X'27, see 1926,b # Rhoda Lowenberg Maurice. MildredSchieber Standish, PhB'27, is still playing bridge,making crafts, helping seniors with their income taxreports, and keeping in touch with her family. NancyFarley Wood, MAT'27, celebrated her 90th birthdayin July. In 1989, she retired from the N. WoodCounter Laboratory, Inc., the radiation detectorsmanufacturing business she founded in 1949.Melanie Loewenthal Pflaum, PhB'29, haslived on Spain's Mediterranean coast for thepast 28 years. In addition, in the 1930s, she and herlate husband, Irving B. Pflaum, PhB'28, lived inMadrid, where they covered the Spanish Civil War.With 13 novels and a work of nonfiction published,she now writes travel articles and short sketches.Melanie has three sons: Thomas M. Pflaum, JD'76;Peter E. Pflaum, AB'58, AB'59: and John; ninegrandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.MMarcella Koerber Mathews, PhB'30, reportsthat she continues to volunteer for thedowntown Minneapolis Library and finds stimula-lion through participating in the League of WomenVoters, Audubon Society, and Elderhostel sessionsklisc Roscuwald Schweich, PhB'30, at 84, is stillinvolved in Springboard to Learning, a culturalenrichment project in the St. Louis public schools.MEloisc W'chsu-r Baker, SB'31, SM'32, writes: "Icontinue to live alone on live acres, unusedexcept In1 Mother Nature and my clog." She is an activemember of and officeholder in AARP, Retired Teachers, Ism.1, and ART Gamma. Lawrence R. Brainard,SB'31, AM'39, reports thai he and his wife, Jane BlairRrainard, PhB'34, live a calm, quiet life in Virginia.M Nathaniel E. Reich, MD'32, who practicedcardiology in Brooklyn lor 60 years, is theauthor of five hooks, including three texts on car diovascular disease and a poetry collection entitledReflections. He is also recognized as a surrealistartist, with 13 shows in the United States and Paris.MRuth O. Secord, SB'33, MAT'46, planned aNovember seminar series for seniors on "AllOur Yesterdays." Held in Chicago, the seminarincluded writing memoirs or journals and genealogyfor family research.Reunion June 3-4 '5MGeraldine Smithwick Alvarez, PhB'34, volunteers for Treasure House, a resate shopwhich has earned more than $1 million for FamilyServices-Du Page. Jane Blair Brainard, PhB'34, see1931, Lawrence R. Brainard. Walter E. Keogh, X'34,reports that, at 81, he enjoys remarkably good healthand the energy to play golf every day. Donald M.Typer, AM'34, is conducting the $60,000 annualdrive for the Iowa Division of the UNA. He reports:"Our seven community seminars following the RioUNED Conference have won the Iowa Division ofthe Natural Resources Annual Award for Iowa's BestEnvironmental Program." Nora McLaughlin Wayne,PhB'34, writes that she is still active as a member ofInfant Welfare of Chicago after 24 years. She and herhusband, Ted, have two children, nine grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.MJ W. Edward Clark, AB'35, writes: "1 will sail«X9 in May 1994 on the QE2." Marking the 50thanniversary of D-Day, the cruise will sail "past Normandy beachheads where I landed as a soldier onUtah Beach. I would like to hear from other U of Calums of that era so celebrating: 122 South 39th St.,Apt. 1206, Omaha, NE 68131." Truman Kirk-patrick, SB'35, was honored in October at a banquetentitled "A Tribute to Truman," for providing aformat for diverse views in the Du Page Democrat,which he has edited for 30 years. Guests includedSenator Paul Simon. Clifford G. Massoth, PhB'35, isin his tenth year as a volunteer lecturer at the FieldMuseum in Chicago.Ellis K. Fields, SB'36, PhD'38, has beenappointed the Alva C. Todd Professor inchemical engineering at Illinois Institute of Technology-Rice Campus. He was formerly a research consultant at Amoco Chemicals Company. Melvin S.Freedman, SB'36, PhD'42, with 50 years of service atArgonne National Laboratory, continues to dophysics research. Martin Gardner, AB'36, see 1958,William R. Harmon. Robert D. Kracke, SB'36,reports that he and his wife are enjoying retirementon a small Maryland farm surrounded by housingdevelopments. Maurice M. Shapiro, SB'36, SM'40,PhD'42, a chief scientist emeritus of the Laboratoryfor Cosmic Physics at the Naval Research Laboratoryin Washington, DC, received the DistinguishedCareer in Science Award from the WashingtonAcademy of Sciences. Because he was in Europe, hisson, Joel Shapiro, AB'66, JD'84, accepted the awardon his behalf.AH Caroline Zimmerly Acree, AB'37, AM'40,W m lives with cousins in Norwalk, OH. She is inreasonably good health and enjoying life in the statewhere she was bom. She reports: "I am active in theNorwalk branch of the AAUW, church, and the local chapter of Order of the Eastern Star. 1 stillthink Chicago is The greatest.'" Bernard C. Mahan,AB'37, commander, USNR, is enjoying life in LakeGeneva, WI, and, in the winter, Corpus Christi, TX.He relishes memories of his U of C days. D. ThroopVaughan, AB'37, has become program director ofthe local senior citizens' club in Indianapolis. Hereports: "We need eight speakers each month so Isure make a lot of phone calls. Any volunteers fromthe Indianapolis area? Call (317) 873-2463." JohnD. Worcester, PhB'37, MBA'40, will return with hiswife, Madeleine, in March to their Honolulu condominium ("with an extra bedroom to entertainfriends and across the street from Waikiki Beach").Franklin F. Offner, PhD'38, continues towork, at age 82, as a professor emeritus atNorthwestern University.Reunion June 3-4:5Martin Bronfenbrenner, PhD'39, reports thathis cancer is in remission. Having moved intothe Forest at Duke retirement community in Durham,NC, he has resumed teaching at Duke University withpart-time, emeritus status. Marion Elisberg Simon,AB'39, just returned from a "wonderful" trip with hertwo daughters to Sedona, AZ.Mt\ Katharine Morris Bruere, SB'40, has^IU returned from a Wildlife Preservation Trusttour of the Channel Islands of Jersey, Guernsey, andSark. Having recently won awards for her water-color and oil paintings — an activity she began afterretiring — she is also the cochair of UNICEF in theMadison schools for the fifth year. Norma YergerQueen, AM'40, a 90-year-old emeritus member ofthe Canton (OH) Art Institute board and docentcommittee, regularly attends meetings of the ArtInstitute, College Club, Stark County HistoricalSociety, Medical Auxiliary, Symphony League, andCanton Women's Club. William C. Rogers, AB'40,AM'41, PhD'43, was presented Minnesota International Center's leadership award at its 40th anniversary celebration. University of Minnesota presidentNils Hasselmo made the presentation.« Joanne Kuper Zimmerman, AB'42, and herhusband, Howard, celebrated their 50thwedding anniversary in August.« Frank Brooks, SB'43, MD'45, reports he nowhas six grandchildren. Shirlee Heda Taraki,AB'43, AM'47, after retiring as a library assistant atNorthwestern University, set up a small lendinglibrary at the nearby Center for Women's Health.She also founded and chairs the Afghan Women'sTask Force, which communicates with people interested in working with and for Afghan women.Abram W. VanderMeer, AM'4f, PhD'43, has completed three years in the Navy, 27 years at Penn Stateas professor and dean of education, 1 1 years as professor of higher education al Alabama, and nineyears as chaplain of Hospice of West Alabama.Reunion June 3 .4 .5 ,94JtJ§ Lloyd J. Blakeman, Jr., SB'44, has served for^FW 33 years as the team physician For the CarlSandburg High School football team in Orland Park,IL. Laurence Finberg, SB'44, MD'46, recently wonthe American Medical Association's 1993 Joseph B.Goldberger award in clinical nutrition. Establishedin 1949, this award is designed to serve as a stimulus lo medical investigators and to honor physicianswho have made important contributions to theknowledge of nutrition.Paul H. Kusuda, PhB'45, AM'49, has beenrecognized by the National Association ofSocial Workers as a social work pioneer. He wasalso recently appointed by the AARP to Wisconsin'sCapital City task force for a one-year renewable38 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993The ScientificMethodAccording to James S. Kahn —CEO, president, and director of theMuseum of Science and Industry —the classroom of ihe 21st centurymay look surprisingly differentfrom the classroom of today.From the 20-foot windows of his sleek,metallic office, James S, Kahn, PhD'56,can see a vast expanse of the concreteshoreline of Lake Michigan, a beachedGerman U-boat, and the imposing dome ofthe Henry Crown Space Center — not ashabby view for anyone, but one particularlyapt for the top executive of Chicago'sMuseum of Science and Industry.Kahn's view from his windows, a unifiedvista of humanity's attempt to understandor control the physical forces of land, sea,and space, mirrors his own vision of theinnovative unity necessary to revitalize theMuseum's role in science education — intime for the 21st century.As Kahn himself explains, he is no strangerto the concept of finding an integratededucation in disparate experience. Growingup in New York City, he "was educated inthe New York Public Library, the Museumof Natural History, Ebbets Field, the sandlotsof Brooklyn, and the public schools."He continued his interdisciplinary approachto learning at Chicago, where he combinedresearch in the geological sciences and theapplied mathematics and statistics departments toward a Ph.D. which sought tobreak down the "man-made" boundariesbetween the disciplines. For Kahn, Chicagorepresented a place where "if a student hada halfway decent idea of the road which hewanted to move on, he had every resourceavailable to him."Hence, it is no surprise that Kahn valuesthe Museum's role as a "resource" availableto augment science education in schools.Citing changes in demographics, familystructures, and modes of communication,Kahn — who has served on the board oftrustees of the Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science since 1990 — argues thatone of the failures of public education as itnow stands is that "the system or strategythat we have today for teaching and learningin the school system doesn't quite fit society."His solution? In the long term, Kahn calkfor an overhaul of the philosophy of education in order to reach this society whose The brains behind the man: Kahn in front of the Museum of Science and Industry's famed brain exhibit.means of communication have shifted. Hismore immediate goal, however, is toincrease the integration between the current, somewhat outmoded educationalsystem and the "uncommon classroom"found in the resources of the Museum. Ideally, he says, "a teacher coming in from thefourth grade would look at the material,work with our staff beforehand, and devisethe supplementary materials he or shewould like to use to help round out the science curriculum back at school."Not content merely to improve the integration between school system and museum"classrooms," Kahn also seeks to restructurethe museum itself, working to emphasize therelationships among seemingly discrete areasof discovery. According to Kahn's plan forrevitalization, scheduled for completion bythe year 2000, the Museum will be dividedinto discrete "thematic zones" — Transportation, for example, or the Human Body. Yet,in the spirit of the grand unification theoryof museums, the exhibit designers must findways to emphasize the links, rather than thegaps, between these zones."The real challenge is to connect one exhibit hall with another," Kahn explains."(The designers] don't just put a wall up andsay, You're going from automobiles to DNA.'They ask 'How do you go from an automobile to a next exhibit hall or DNA? Do youengage the visitor in an abstract or practicaltransition?'"Well, DNA can talk about pathways.DNA can talk about systems — we can do itfrom a systems approach. There's no oneanswer, but the idea is that once you challenge the designers to make the transition asseamless as possible, they begin to think differently about how they design an exhibit."Perhaps most central to Kahn's design ofintegration is the individual exhibit hall.Aware of the vast discrepancy in the ages ofhis patrons, Kahn demands from themuseum's resources the flexibility to cater toall levels of science exploration and learning.When doing a test run of any new exhibit, heasks himself, "If I stop at any part of theexhibit, could I understand it? Do I getthrough the experience without getting frustrated? If I can do it, then I say, 'Could mygranddaughter do it?' When the answer ispositively yes, we've done our job." — CAM.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 39term. F. James Schrag, PhD'45, is now retired andliving in Kalamazoo, Ml, after 34 years of teachingsociology at the University of Toledo; WittenbergUniversity, Springfield, OH; and Acadia University,Wotfville, Nova Scotia, Canada.^tti Esther Langlois, X'46, has closed her clinical™W psychology office, but not her practice. Shecontinues lo work on a volunteer basis and enjoysher membership with the Lakewood, Ohio Chamberof CommerceMWB Robert C. Morgen, PhB'47, MBA'48,(¦ I recently became director of marketing forNational Liquor Stores, a Chicagoland chain.Martin Popelka, Jr., SB'47, writes that he is lookingforward to the Class of '47's 50th reunion in 1997.M Robert H. Delgado, PhB'48, works part timeas a diocesan missioner for the Episcopal Diocese of Milwaukee. His wife, Jeanne Doyle Delgado,X'47, is a full-time associate editor of Nutshell News, ahobby magazine for scale miniatures, and recently co-authored the book Treasures in Miniature. This yearshe will host her second miniaturists tour to Englandand Scotland. One of their daughters teaches in Honduras; the other is a deputy district attorney' in LosAngeles. William L. Lieberman, AB'48, MBA'50,retired in March after 41 years in quality management.He now works part time with the Educational Institute of the Chicago section of the American Societyfor Quality Control. John W. Morris, PhB'48, reportsthat he is enjoying retirement.Reunion June 3-4*5jJQ Fred E. Fiedler, AM'47, PhD'49, professor^¦^B emeritus of psychology and adjunct professorof health services administration at the University ofWashington, received the Distinguished EducatorAward from the American Academy of Managementat its national convention, held this August inAtlanta. Jack Joseph, AB'49, JD'52, reports thai hisson, James, is in his final year at the U of C LawSchool. Charles N. Maxwell III, SB'49, SM'51, retiredas professor of mathematics May 15, after 30 years atSouthern Illinois University, Carbondale. Maxwelljoined SIUC as a professor in 1963, after teaching atboth Michigan and Alabama universities. Joan GitzelSchroeter, AB'49, AM'55, received her Ph.D. in May1993 from Northern Illinois University. Her dissertation was entitled "The Canfield-Cleghorn Correspondence: Two Lives in Letters."M Samuel Somora, Jr., AB'50, known as "Sunshine Sam," works at Sunshine PerennialNursery in Baroda, MI, where he helps createcustom sculpted gardens. Karl R. Zimmer, AB'50,was recently appointed chair of the advisory councilof the Intemation Forum, sponsored by the IndianaHumanities Council, and elected to the board of theAthenaeum Foundation.Donald S. Frank, AM'51 — retiring afteralmost 20 years in the sociology departmentat Towson State University in Baltimore — will continue to teach some upper-level courses "by populardemand" as a senior lecturer. His career has alsoincluded stints as a sociological consultant for government agencies, and nonprofit foundations. Heand his wife, Lcnore, have been married 47 yearsK David A. Dickman, AB'52, AB'55, AM'58,recently retired after teaching social studieslor 37 years — including 34 years al New Trier HighSchool in Winnetka. Flis wife, Elizabeth Ferrar Dick-man, AB'55, AB'50, AM'56, works in real estate atPrairie Shore Properties in Evanston. In June, RichardM. Laslman, AM'49, PhD'52, was awarded an honorary doctorate of humane letters by North CentralCollege in Napervillc. A prolcssor emeritus of Englishand former academic dean who served the college for36 years until his retirement in 1982, he continues locompose music for the recorder. Hubert C. Huebl, AB'52, continues to practice general surgery in Dearborn, Ml. David E. Ray, AB'52, AM'57, see 1958,William R. Harmon. Natalie Skud Siegel, AM'52,received her Ed.D. in counseling psychology from theUniversity of Cincinnati in June. She is now in privatepractice and teaches at the University of Cincinnatiand Indiana University Schools of Social Work.Reunion June .3-4*5MEarl S. Huyser, PhD'54, professor of chemistry for 34 years at the University of Kansas,recently received the 1993 Chancellors Club CareerTeaching Award. William T. Kabisch, SM'51,PhD'54, U of C faculty in anatomy 1954-62, recendyretired as associate dean for research at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield.Amie Matanky, X'54, a member of Paris Post No. 1 ,was elected president of the Foreign and OutlyingDepartments and Posts of the American Legion, representing 42,000 wartime veterans in 42 countries.Elizabeth Ferrar Dickman, AB'55, AB'56,AM'56, see 1952, David A. Dickman.Richard H. Evans, AB'55, SB'56, MD'59, is the director of surgery at Humana Hospital-Michael Reese inChicago. His wife, Roberta George Evans, JD'61, isdean and director of the graduate legal program atihe U of C Law School. Harold M. Kaiser, PhD'55,has retired as superintendent of the Davenport (IA)public schools. He and his wife, Esther, continue toresearch reading problems. Harriet Lange Rhein-gold, PhD'55, plans lo publish a book next year.Norman G. Swenson, AB'55, MBA'61, is president,organizer, and chief negotiator for the Cook CountyCollege Teachers Union, an organization which hefounded in 1965. Diane Yale, X'55, of Riverdale,NY, has been elected president of the Family andDivorce Mediation Council of Greater New York.H. Richard Levy, PhD'56, chairs the biologydepartment at Syracuse University. He hasbeen at Syracuse since 1963, and professor of biochemistry in the biology department since 1971. Hementions that three other Syracuse biology professorshave Chicago connections: Philip B. Dunham,PhD'62; Fred D. Wamer, PhD'70; and Saul M. Honig-berg, a postdoctoral fellow at Chicago, 1988-93.BM Stephen P. Cohen, AB'57, AB'58, AM'59,MM m just returned from a year as the Ford Foundation's scholar-in-residence in India where, inaddition to working on his next book, he helpedestablish several dialogues aimed at peace betweenIndia and Pakistan. Accompanied by his wife,Roberta, and their daughter, Suzy, he also traveledto Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and China. GeorgeStarbuck, X'57, see 1958, William R. Harmon.William R. Harmon, AB'58, AM'68, writes:"In September 1993, I spoke in praise of thepoet George Starbuck, X'57, the winner of theAiken-Taylor Memorial Award given by The SewaneeReview and the University of the South. I also hadpraise for Martin Gardner, AB'36, and David E. Ray,AB'52, AM'57." Owen A. Zapel, MBA'58, is retiredand "living in style" at Leisure Village in Fox Lake.Reunion June 3-4-5Morton H. Goldstein, MD'59, was a DozerVisiting Professor of Surgery in 1993 at BenGurion University Soroka Medical Center in Beer-she va, Israel.Peter M. Scalise, Jr., MBA'60, reports that,at 60 years of age, he is the oldest student atRobeuts' Karate Studio to receive a btack belt inTang Soo Do style.KPriscilla Rand Baker, AM'61, writes that herson, Andrew Crane, was married October 16 inCambridge, MA, to Amy Kipp. Andrew is a privateinvestigator, and Amy works lor a computer software company. Roberta George Evans, JD'6f, see 1955,Richard H. Evans. Robert H. Puckett, AM'58, PhD'61,political science professor at Indiana State University,has been appointed by Governor Evan Bayh to serveas the university's 1993-94 faculty representative onthe Indiana Commission on Higher Education.Philip B. Dunham, PhD'62, see 1956, H.Richard Levy. William O. Makely, AM'62,reports that his business, William O. Makely Associates, has formed a partnership with the advertisingagency of Tucker Chicago, Inc.Vicky I. Chaet, BFA'63, had her landscape,still life, and portrait paintings shown in anexhibition through September at the Live ArtGallery in San Francisco. Philip J. Lehpamer, SB'63,was appointed a vice president of the MetropolitanLife Insurance Company last July. Roberta F.Reeder, AB'63, is teaching a course on Russian culture at a university in Marburg, Germany. Her newbiography of Anna Akhmatova will be published bySt. Martin's Press in 1994. Marjory HeymanSlobetz, AB'63, AM'66, the director of child, adolescent, and family training programs at the Postgraduate Institute for Mental Health in New York City, isenjoying her two boys, 9 and 13, and a countryhouse. She is sorry she missed the 30th reunion.Reunion June 3-4-5M Florence Taylor Johnson, AM'64, publishedher book of poems, From the Park Blocks(Fine Rags Publishing), in 1992. Don H. Mergler,MBA'64, and his wife, Martha, are still farming andconsulting in central Virginia. Don is past president ofthe Rotary Club and teaches AARP courses. Theirgrandson recently returned from a year of languagestudy in Taiwan. Elizabeth A. Mueller, AM'64, whoreceived the Illinois Librarian of the Year Award inApril, recently became director of libraries atAppalachian Regional Library in North Wilkesboro,NC. Robert N. Schulenberg, AB'64, the president andCEO of Interstate Medical Center since 1988, is a clinical associate professor in pediatrics at the Universityof Minnesota Medical School. In addition, he activelyinterviews students for admission to the U of C.Robert L. Beisner, AM'60, PhD'65, appointedAmerican University's director of general education in September, continues to teach history halftime. After 18 years as a tax attorney, Howard C.Flomenhoft, JD'65, is now a real estate broker withColdwell Banker, covering Chicago's north and northwestern suburbs. He and his wife, Carol, have threechildren: Michael, a senior at the University of IllinoisCollege of Law, Champaign; Steven, a recent graduateof Harvard and a professional hockey player with theAdanta Knights; and Michelle, a sophomore al U of 1,Champaign. James G. Thorne, MBA'65, has joinedHill-Rom Company in Batesville, IN, as vice presidentof human resources.Roger E. Kasperson, AM'61, PhD'66, professor of government and geography atClark University and an internationally knownenvironmental expert, has been named the university's provost. As provost, Kasperson will lead a university-wide effort in academic planning and hopesto stimulate initiatives in environmental and international studies. Douglas A. Northrop, AM'57,PhD'66, vice president and dean of faculty at RiponCollege in Wisconsin for the past 16 years, resignedin July to return to the school's English departmentas a full professor. Joel N. Shapiro, AB'66, JD'84, see1936, Maurice M. Shapiro.Reunion June 3.4.5David G. Ostrow, SB'69, PhD'74, MD'75,begins a new position in December as anAIDS mental health and behavioral intervention40 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993researcher with the Medical College of Wisconsin'sCommunity Behavioral Medicine Program. He alsorecently published his fifth book. Methodological Issuesin AIDS Behavior/Research (Plenum Press). NicholasN. Royal, MAT69, his wife, son, and daughter all visited the Philippines this summer, returning to theplace where he and his wife served as Peace Corpsvolunteers from 1962 to 1964. After 24 years as coordinator of the Merrill College Field Program at University of California, Santa Cruz, he retires this year.ro\n addition to pursuing a Foreign Servicecareer, Frank H. Day, AB'70, has launched asecond career as a painter and photographer, withworks featured in a number of Washington, DC, galleries. Donald E. Palumbo, AB'70, married Susan E.Conshue in May, In August, he was appointed professor and English department chair at East CarolinaUniversity. The couple live in Greenville, NC. MarvinH. Solomon, SB'70, is chair of the computer sciencesdepartment at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.Fred D. Warner, PhD'70, see 1956, H. Richard Levy.n Theodore J. Agres, AB'71, who received anM.S. honors degree in business from JohnsHopkins University in May, was aiso awarded theEdward J. Stegman CPA Memorial Award for excellence in the graduate study of business. BartholomewLee, JD'71, see 1972, Wayne M. Liao. Steven O.Lestition, AB'71, AM'74, PhD'85, after three years asa William Rainey Harper lecturer in the Social Sciences in the College, has become the director of studies at Mathey College, Princeton University. AdamLutynski, JD'71, see 1972, Wayne M. Liao.M Zachary Moshe Baker, AB'72, currentlym mk serves as vice president/president-elect of theAssociation of Jewish Ubraries, an organization with1,000 members worldwide, and will assume thepresidency in June 1994. Ellen Diamond, AB'73, andher husband, Sherwin A. Waldman, AB'73, MD'77,were both winners in a contest sponsored by SalvageOne, a Chicago architectural artifacts supplier. Sherwin won the "Making Something Out of Nothing"prize for a tabte incorporating a fragment of awrought-iron gate. Ellen won "Best Creative Re-Use"for turning an old newel post into an "eye-catching"address marker. Jonathan J. Everett, AB'72, and hiswife, Mary Penar Everett, AB'72, announce the birthon April 25 of their second child, Isabel. FirstbornClaudia will soon be 5 years old. Jonathan is a partner in the Chicago office of the law firm Skadden,Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom. Paula Wolff, AM'69,PhD'72, was inaugurated in June as the president ofGovernors State University in University Park.mmf*mi Elizabeth Hedlund Corder, AB'73, received• *mw a Ph.D. in epidemiology from the Universityof North Carolina last spring. She accepted a postdoctoral fellowship at Duke University in neurobiology, where she and her colleagues have clearlyidentified the genetic basis of much of Alzheimer'sDisease (published in Science, August 13, 1993).Ellen Diamond, AB'73, see 1972, Ellen Diamond.Richard M. Kuntz, X'73, is the regular environmental law columnist for the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin.Roger K. Oden, AM'73, PhD'77, has been nameddean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Governors State University in University Park. Sherwin A.Waldman, AB'73, MD'77, see 1972, Ellen Diamond.Reunion June 3-4-5 94WDale H. Hoiberg, AM'74, was appointed a vicepresident of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,Inc., Publishing Group. He oversees the company'sprimary foreign encyclopedia work, both at the international headquarters in Chicago and abroad.-WB Jonathan L. Chenette, AB'75, PhD'84, has¦ V written an opera entitled Eric Hermannson'sSoul, based on Willa Cather's short story about ayoung Norwegian immigrant, Eric, in frontier Business as Usual?For the past two years, formerQuaker Oats executive David J.Reene has been working forpeanuts — and loving it.At first glance, David J. Reene, seemsto be just another GSB success story.After receiving a joint M.B.A. in marketing and finance in 1986, he went straightto work for Quaker Oats. Within threeyears, Reene was promoted to brand manager, a position he describes as a "mini president — you get full responsibility running abusiness from sales down to income."However, all of that changed when, "on alark," he attended a Peace Corps presentation. "I heard about what they were doing inEastern Europe and became very interested.For me, it was a chance to be a part of history," he says, adding, "I had a very romantic image at that point."Romantic or not, Reene has been a part ofhistory since he arrived in Poland as a PeaceCorps Volunteer in November 1991. Afterthree months of intensive language, cultural,and business training, he began working tohelp Poland emerge as a successful marketeconomy from the rubble of its Communistpast. A marketing instructor, he teaches regularly at Miedaynarodowa Szkola HandluInternational School of Commerce inWarsaw, and — on temporary assignment —all over Poland. In addition, he works as amarketing consultant for Polish companiesstruggling with the transition.For Reene, the work has been an enormous challenge, forcing him to rebuild himself, as well as the companies, from theground up. "[The Poles] don't care if I havea University of Chicago M.B.A. They don'tcare if I was a brand manager at QuakerOats. They need answers and they needthem now. And they're struggling. Peopleare losing jobs."Reene explains that what Polish companies need most is help in making the shift toa consumer-controlled economy. "UnderCommunism, there was very much a producer mentality here. People thought, 'OK,what am I really good at making? I'll focuson that, and then I'll go out and try to sell it,and people will have to buy it because, actually, it's all that's being made.'"The new successful mentality is, 'OK,before we produce anything, let's go out andlook at the needs of the market. What's thecompetition doing? Who are my customers?What are my customers looking for?'"Although initially Poles seemed infatutu- ated with Western products — "Many peoplebelieved that whatever was Western wasbetter" — Reene explains that the market hasquickly become more discriminating,demanding quality and economy. All in all,Reene is quite impressed by what he sees asPoland's economic promise: "Poles have alot of courage. They are being forced tochange on a dime. But somehow, Polandmoves forward, despite the political volatility, despite how difficult it is."While Reene remains enthusiastic aboutPoland's changing economy, what hascharmed him most is the country's900-year-old cultural heritage. In a nationwhere people still meet regularly to socializeover a cup of tea, he has found himself "talking more than I have ever talked before." Onhis small salary of $200 a month, Reene hasapproximately the same income as thepeople he serves, an important Peace Corpsregulation. Consequendy, he fives as the vastmajority of the Poles do — "with no television, no washing machine, none of theappliances which we think of as comforts inthe States."However, Reene observes that this absenceof material goods is amply compensated forby what he has found to be the incrediblehospitality of the Poles — from the enormous obiads, or lunches, he has with thecompanies he visits (usually consisting ofpork, potatoes, beets, and soup — "in portions comparable to Thanksgiving") to theplain generosity of the people he's met:"They'll give you what they don't have."Reene is scheduled to return to the UnitedStates in February and, although he hopesto maintain ties with Poland — if for noother reason than to continue to use theSlavic language which he has worked sohard to master — he has no definite plansfor the future. However, despite the enormous changes in his life in the past twoyears, one thing has remained constant forthis former Quaker Oats brand manager:"To this day, I still eat oatmeal for breakfast." — C.A.M.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 4 1Nebraska who gives up playing the fiddle because astern preacher convinces him thai il is the devil'sinstrument Robert K. Hall II, MBA'75, has joinedInterMctro Industries in Wilkcs-Barrc, PA, as vicepresident of continuous improvement. Barbara Lei-bundguth, X'75, was recently appointed co-principalflute of the Minnesota Orchestra, formerly the Minneapolis Symphony. Jerome Smith, PhD'75, associateprofessor in Indiana University's schoot of socialwork, has been appointed clinical consultant at TheCradle, an Evanston adoption agency. He and hiswife are new grandparents to 17-month-old Kayla,whose father is an allergist and whose mother is athird-year medical student. Marianne West, AB'75,and her husband, Jerry O'Keefe, announce the birthof their second daughter, Alice West O'Keefe, onApril 10. They live in Chicago.M* Michael L. Dvorkin, AB'76, is a practicing¦ %M orthopedic surgeon in Baltimore. He and hiswife, Lisa, have two daughters: Hollis, 4, andMorgan, 2. Michael David Levin, AM'76, a memberof the band Night on Earth, announces the release ofthe band's new CD, Good Night, Good Morning, ajazz appreciation of Beatles songs.IVIV C. Noel Bairey Merz, AB'77, is head of pre-* m ventative cardiology at Cedars-Sinai MedicalCenter in Los Angeles. She and her husband,Robert — also a cardiologist — live in Pacific Palisades,CA, with their three daughters: Alexa, 6, Caroline, 4,and Allison, I. Gene F. Paquette, X'77, manages twoChicago locations of Powell's Bookstore. He lives inHyde Park. His wife, Elizabeth Widdicombe, X'77, isa publisher lor Saunders College Publishing and theDryden Press, two imprints of Harcourt Brace andCo. She lives in Philadelphia. Jay Raskin, AB'77, hasopened an architecture firm in Cannon Beach, OR.David L. Rieser, AB'77, of Wilmette, is a partnerwith the Chicago law firm of Ross & Hardies, specializing in environmental law. He and his wife,Alex, recently celebrated son Graham's second birthday. Roger M. Tweed, AB'77, chief, facilities andproperty management branch of the Civil Division,U.S. Department of Justice, was named "OutstandingProperty Manager of the Year" by the National Property Management Association.^ Michael J. Kosiak, MBA'78, president of theCarlisle Financial Group, has been awardeda Personal Finance Specialist designation by theAmerican Institute of Certified Public Accountantsand a Certified Financial Planner designation by theInternational Board for Certified Financiaf Planners.Harvey C. Lassiter, AB'78, professor at the University of Cincinnati College of Law, was awarded a1993 Goldman Prize for excellence in teaching andoverall contributions to faculty and student life.Michael I. Miller, AM'68, PhD'78, is associateprovost and associate vice president for academicaffairs at Chicago State University.Reunion June 3-4-5llfl Kathleen Crowley Conn, AM'79, has joinedm m0 the staff of Governors State University in University Park, as special assistant to the president. Sheis responsible for faculty development, grants, andcontracts. Donald M. Griswold, AB'79, recentlyjoined the Flartford (CT) office of Peat Marwick, aninlemational public accounting and consulting firm,as a senior manager in the stale and local tax consulting practice. Lyonclle Louis-Jacques, AB'79,JD'86, isa foreign and international law librarian at the U olC's D'Angelo Law Library. She has completed andhopes lo publish a crossword puzzle on womenlawyers in movies, Patrick J. Maloney, AB'79, JD'82,lias been named as a partner in the corporate andsecurities department of Bell, Boyd & Lloyd.Richard E. Fein Dinitz, AB'80, and his wife,Tina, announce the April 5 birth of their son, Nathan Pardes. Joseph T. Johnson, PhD'80, is thedirector of the Center for Urban Economic and Business Analysis at the University of Central Oklahoma.William B. Redpath, MBA'80, is a vice president withB1A Consulting, a business appraisal firm in Chantilly,VA. The ballot access committee chair of die Libertarian Party, he recently earned his Accredited SeniorAppraiser designation in business valuation from theAmerican Society of Appraisers. Douglas N. Schantz,MBA'80, recendy named vice president of TennecoGas Marketing Company, liquids, is responsible forexpanding the company's rote in natural gas liquidsprocessing. David L. Skelding, AB'80, and his wife,Karen Deighan, announce the birth of their secondson, Cameron Deighan.William C. Vinck, MBA'80, of Milwaukee, and hiswife, Jaime, announce the birth of their son, JosephJohn. William G. Wraga, MAT'80, completed his doctorate in social and philosophical foundations of education at Rutgers University in 1991, and has devotedhis spare time to fly fishing, an obsession which "predates the release of Redford's movie version ofMaclean's novella." This fall, his dissertation was published as a book by the University Press of America.Also, he and his wife, Amy Jeanne, announce the birthon April 20 of their second son, Ian Thomas.M Jennifer B. Braswell, AB'81, has beenawarded a Fulbright grant to carry outarchaeological research at the Mayan site of Xunan-tunich, Belize, studying the architectural design,construction, and use of an elite residential compound there. Siobhan S. Flynn, AB'81, has receivedher M.B.A. from Simmons College Graduate Schoolof Business in Boston. James L. Graff, AB'81, isbased in Vienna as Time's Central Europe bureauchief. He and his wife, Frances, had a son, AustinClement, on August 9.Donald C. Dowling, Jr., AB'82, partner andchair of Graydon, Head & Ritche/s international Law committee, spoke at the annual meeting ofthe Union Internationale des Avocats, August 29—Sep-tember 3 in San Francisco. The session focused oninternationat labor law issues in ten countries. Lise E.Kildegaard, AM'82, joined the faculty of Luther College in Decorah, IA, this fall as an English instructor.She is completing her doctorate at Chicago. Everett P.Lunsford, Jr., MBA'82, received his C.P.A. inAugust — after passing all four sections of the exam onthe first try. Sheldon H. Noel, AM'82, has a privatepsychotherapy and hypnosis practice in Chicago.Katherine Collinge Sheehan, AM'82, has joined thefaculty of Southwestern University's School of Law inLos Angeles. She will teach civil procedure, environmental law, and legal profession.M Steven A. M. Vrablik, MBA'83, continues atToshiba America, where he is involved in thecomputer display industry and international marketing. He writes that work, two children, and a housekeep him and his wife, Mary, quite busy. Judith D.Weissman, AB'83, who lives in Brooklyn Heights, isan assistant attorney general in the criminal prosecutions bureau of the New York state attorney general'soffice. Terence J. Whalen, AB'83, completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the College of William andMary and is now assistant professor of English at theUniversity of Illinois, Chicago.Reunion June 3-4-5 4.,:|S,M Steven D. Barnhart, AB'84, MBA'88, and hiswife, Margaret, announce the birth, on June30, of their first child, Philip Curtis, who "is nowexploring the world from his home in Ridgefield, CT."Bess E. Brackett, AB'84, has just joined her father,Boone Brackett, in his orthopedic surgery practice inOak Park, IL. Joseph F. Goldberg, AB'84, marriedAmy-Louise Breslaw on June 13, in Wheaton, IL.Attending were: Allen H. Dropkin, AB'48, JD'51, and Joseph G. Walsh, AB'89. Joseph received his M.D.from Northwestern University Medical School in1992 and is a second-year resident in psychiatry at thePayne Whitney Clinic of New York Hospital in Manhattan. Dawn Dobyns Powers, AB'84, writes, "I'mpleased to announce my marriage in August to CraigHarvey, in Leesburg, VA. I manage training and documentation for a new imaging computer system al theStudent Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae),where Craig is employed as an industrial engineer.We live in Sterling, VA, with our two feuding felines."K David V. Cruz-Uribe, AB'85, has completedhis Ph.D. in mathematics at the University ofCalifornia, Berkeley, and now has a two-year post-doctorate at Purdue University. He and his wife,Gabrielle S. Cruz-Uribe, AB'86, also announce thebirth on December 20, 1992, of their son, NicolasAscencio. Susan Mahaffy Hallman, AB'85, MD'89,and her husband, Hugh Lee Hallman, JD'88,announce the birth of their identical twin sons,Louis and Eli, on March 31. Susan practices internalmedicine, and Hugh is a partner with Colombo &Bonacci in Phoenix. Mark E. Huppert, AB'85,AM'87, married Theresa Rowan in Washington in1991. Mark is now the projects librarian at the University of Western Australia Library and reports thatformer U of C Dean of the College Charles Oxnard isprofessor of anatomy and human biology there.Mark C. Woo, AB'85, see 1986, Colleen J. Martin.i John B. Chaimov, AM'86, has been named avisiting professor for the 1993-94 academicyear at Carleton College in Minnesota. He is alsoworking toward his Ph.D. in comparative literature atChicago. Gabrielle S. Cruz-Uribe, AB'86, see 1985,David V. Cruz-Uribe. John Culbertson, AB'86, lives inChicago with his wife, Andrea, and is using his pilot'slicense to fly out of Midway Airport. Randall S. Fair-man, Jr , AB'86, is a doctoral candidate in the mathematics department at Rutgers University. Hisdissertation topic is in group theory. His wife, JanetFaellaci Fairman, AB'86, is the administrator for theRutgers Center for Operations Research. Their daughter, Evelyn Mariel, was bom July 8, 1992, and is the"primary source of entertainment" for her parents.Colleen J. Martin, AB'86, was not, as was erroneously reported in the August issue of the Magazine,a bridesmaid at the wedding of Dawn E. McNeil andJames A. Graf. However, she did marry Mark C. Woo,AB'85, in 1992. Mark received an M.A. in publicadministration and now works for the Oakland, CA,Housing Authority, where he writes drug preventiongrants. Colleen received her J.D. from the Universityof California, Berkeley, and is working this year as acivil rights lawyer in Oakland. They live in Berkeley.Wayne J. Scott, Jr., AB'86, AM'89, received a fellowship from the M.F.A. program in creative writing atAmerican University. He and Elizabeth S. Thielman,AB'86, AM'91, were married in July 1993 al BishopBrent House at the U of C They reside in Washington, DC, where Elizabeth works for the AmericanPublic Welfare Association. Katarzyna C. Szydagis,AB'86, see 1991, Christine A. Dannhausen. AnthonyE. Wilkins, MBA'86, was promoted to director of themarketing-equities division for Weiss, Peck & Greer,a New York-based money management firm.AM Mary Jurkash Berick, AB'87, and her hus-OM band, Daniel G. Berick, JD'87, who relocatedlast year from New York to the Cfeveland area,announce the birth in March of their first child,James Morris. Justin T. Darrow, SM'87, recentlyreceived his Ph.D. in applied physics from ColumbiaUniversity. His dissertation examined high-frequencyradar based on laser-excited photoconducting antennae. He is now a senior scientist in optical-radar systems development at Raytheon's research division inLexington, MA. Jay R. Mitchell, AB'87, has relocatedto the Chicago area and is a technical manager,research and development, at Valspar Corp. David42 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993W. Murray, AM'74, PhD'87, an anthropologist, wasrecently appointed a Bradley Resident Scholar at theHeritage Foundation, a public policy research institute in Washington, DC.MWinton G. Gibbons, Jr., MBA'88, has joinedMerck as director of management services inNew Jersey. Hugh Lee Hallman, JD'88, see 1985,Susan Mahaffy Hallman. Jennie Jane Hantzmon,AB'88, and her husband, Matthew, announce thebirth of their son on March 1. Elizabeth WilsonMitchell, AB'88, continues to live in the Seattle areawhere she translates Japanese texts for publicationand participates in events for the Toxic Wastes Coalition. Manju Parikh, AM'78, PhD'88, had her article,"The Debacle at Ayodhya: Why Militant HinduismMet with a Weak Response," published in the Julyissue of the Asian Survey, a journal of the Universityof California Press.Irene Sunyung Kong, AB'88, who works in corporate real estate for Citibank Canada in Toronto, married Jae Kim, a graduate of MIT, on May 15 inToronto. In attendance were: Cynthia I. Yi, AB'87,MBA'91; Karen Cho Choi, AB'88; Mee Jung Park,AB'88; Hae-Kyung Lee, AB'89; Hyunjoo Mhoon,AB'89; Cathy E. Shin, AB'89; and Dong 1m MariaSuh, AB'88. Irene reports that married life is great,and Toronto reminds her of Chicago. Bruce W.Rowell, SM'88, MD'92, is currently in his second yearof a pediatric residency at Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago.Reunion June 3-4-5 94M Andrew J. White, SM'89, will receive hisM.D. in June 1994 from the University ofTexas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas.Judith Samel Beto, PhD'90, received the1993 Outstanding Dietitian of the YearAward from the Illinois Dietetic Association and the1993 Recognized Dietitian Award from the NationalKidney Foundation's Council on Renal Nutrition.Margaret M. Bowser, AB'90, married Geoffrey A,Amateau August 8, 1993, in Milwaukee. Attendingwere: Marie B. Sandoval, AB'90; Stephanie A. Cox,AB'90, AM'91; Jill Olson Dejong, AB'90; and PeterDejong, AB'90. Donald L. Dyer, PhD'90, and hiswife, Helen, announce the birth of their daughter,Erin Leigh, on July 30, 1993. David T. Burr,MBA'90, has been named assistant vice president,risk management, for Santa Fe Pacific Corporation.John A. Dutton, AB'90, married Robin J. Chun,AB'90, on July 31 in Honolulu. John is employed byAnderson Consulting in Chicago, and Robin isattending Chicago Kent College of Law.Jessica A. Kidd, AB'90, in her third year of veterinary school at Purdue University, recently spentthree months in England. She writes, "I was workingwith different vets there — I was in Newmarket firstworking with racehorses, and then I went to Herefordshire to work in a primarily large-animal practice doing fun things like calving cows!" John F.McNamara, SB'90, works as a mathematician for theDefense Department in Maryland. David M. Perkin-son, SM'84, PhD'90, assistant professor of mathematics at Reed College in Pordand, OR, was granteda Vollum Junior Faculty Award, enabling him tocomplete a book on the function of imagery inmental processes.Sajal Sahay, AB'90, is working on his M.B.A. atIESE — University of Navarra, in Barcelona. Beforegoing to Spain, he spent his summer working as anintern with Bausch & Lomb in New Delhi, India.Earlier, he spent a month touring the coast of Spainwith Julian M. Cohen, AB'91. Masami Tanaka,AB'90, is attending NYU Stem School of Businessand working at KPMG Peat Marwick. She is alsotrying to find out "if anyone else from Chicago is inNew York City." M Julian M. Cohen, AB'91, see 1990, SajalSahay. Rodolfo Geilim, AM'91, MBA'91.recently joined Bankers Trust Securities Corp. as anassociate in the emerging markets group. Based inNew York, he is covering the stock markets in themajor Latin American countries and will also publish equities reports. Brian K. Graves, MBA'91,recently joined Mesirow Financial in Chicago asvice president, sales and trading. Lisa S. Matey,AB'91, has left Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz, whereshe worked as an environmental legal assistant, toaccept a fellowship to pursue her master's degree atthe University of Maryland School of ArchitectureJoan R. Patterson, AB'91, married James W.Ducayet, AB'91, on August 28 in Kinnelon, NJ.Attending were: Laura Frankel, AB'91; Richard B.Harper, AB'90, JD'93; Suzanne D. Ryan, AB'92;Rachael A. Simonoff, AB'92, AM'92; Jonathan D.Cohen, AB'92; Alexandra M. James, AB'91; Peter L.Welsh, AB'91; Noel J. Francisco, AB'91; TimothyD. Katsiff, AB'91; Brent L. Gundlah, AB'90; andValerie Kays Gundlah, AB'90. Joan completed herM.A. at Columbia University Teachers College andis now teaching high school English in New YorkCity. Jim is entering his third year at New York University Law School and will clerk for Federal JudgeMiriam Goldman Cedarbaum of New York when hegraduates. Liza M. Perkins, AB'91, reports that sherecently joined Baring Securities in Sao Paulo.Brazil, as a stock analyst. She completed an M.A. atNew York University this past January.Timothy M. Brophy, MBA'92, marriedLaurie A. Areddia last December. In Janu-DeathsFACULTYLeon Resnekov, the Frederick H. Rawson professor of medicine, died August 17 at Bernard MitchellHospital. He was 65. A cardiologist, he participatedin early studies on the use of electric shock torestore the heart's normal rhythm after atrial fibrillation. Born in South Africa, he was recruited in 1967to the U of C as an associate professor of medicine,directing the myocardial infarction research unit.Becoming a full professor in 1971, Resnekov servedfor ten years as codirector of the cardiology section,and from 1975 to 1980 as director of the University's Specialized Center for Research in IschemicHeart Disease. He was the author or coauthor ofmore than 300 articles. A cardiology fellowship hasbeen established at the Hospitals in Resnekov'sname. He is survived by his wife, Carmella; adaughter; a son; and a daughter-in-law.John M. Wallace, professor of English, died October 6 in his Hyde Park home after a long battle withcancer. He was 65. An expert in 17th-centurypoetry, he broke critical ground in understandingthe relationship between 17th-century English politics and literature in his major work, Destiny HisChoice: The Loyulism of Andrew Marvell. Wallacetaught at Cornell and Johns Hopkins before joiningthe U of C faculty in 1967. In addition to publishingarticles and reviews in a wide variety of scholarlyjournals, he received several academic honors andawards, including Guggenheim and NEH fellowships. He is survived by a daughter, Audrey Lauer,and a granddaughter.STAFFCarl W. Larsen, X'42, died July 31 in a Ponway,CA, nursing home. He was 74. A Chicago journalist ary, he was promoted to vice president and CFO ofFamily Mortgage, located in Joliel. Katherine M.Carbonaro, MBA'92, and her husband, Peter,announce the birth, on September 10, of theirdaughter, Gia Marie. Susan A. Cowan, MBA'92,after almost five years in brand management withKraft General Foods, began work in September as amarket manager at Taco Bell in Irvine, CA. DavidM. Greenapple, MBA'92, recently took over as vicepresident of chent-server/LAN technology in corporate trust at Bankers Trust, where he hopes to builda state-of-the-art client-server environment.Michael Idinopulos, AB'92, and Ju Namkung,AB'92, "recently ran into each other on the streetsof Berkeley, where he is studying philosophy andshe is studying linguistics at the University of California. Neither was seriously injured though."Shadia El-Dabh Kirk, MBA'92, has been promotedto assistant vice president in the investment andtrust services department of Boulevard Bancorp,Inc., a Chicago bank holding company. Jeffrey C.Roach, AB'92, is a member of the class of 1997 atGeorgetown University Medical School in Washington, DC. Linda L. Wolfenden, AB'92, is enjoying her second year at Boston University School ofMedicine.Matthew S. Benz, AB'93, is a member ofthe 1997 medical school class al the University of Michigan. Inanna H. Donnelley, MST'93,is teaching third grade at the Latin School ofChicago. Raymond June, AM'93, is taking a year offfrom graduate school and working as a researchassistant at the East- West Center in Honolulu.for the Chicago Times (later the Sun-Times), TimeMagazine, and Sports Illustrated, he won an award forhis expose of auto developer Preston Tucker. In 1955he became the executive assistant for public relationsat Argonne National Laboratory, and three years laterwas named head of public relations at the U of C. In1960 he led a group of 20 public relations expertsrecruited by the mayor's office to study the image ofChicago's police department. As public affairs director at the Smithsonian Institution, he helped coordinate the opening of the National Air and SpaceMuseum. Survivors include his wife, Ruth; a son; astepson; a stepdaughter; five grandchildren; abrother; and two cousins, Edgar M. Larsen, Jr.,MBA'68, and Stephanie Dolan Larsen, AM'66.1920sRuth Shonle Cavan, PhB'21, AM'23, PhD'26, asociologist and professor emeritus at Northern Illinois University and Rockford College, died August25 in De Kalb. She was 96. Researching suicide, thefamily, old age, and criminology, in 1928 she published the first empirical study of suicide in theUnited States in 1928. In 1965, the Illinois Academy of Criminology presented her with its annualaward for distinguished service. Survivors include adaughter, three grandchildren, and three greatgrandchildren.Lena Riccio Taglia, X'22, died June 30 at herhome in River Forest. She was 93. She is survivedby a daughter; a son; 17 grandchildren, includingDaniel M. Romano, MBA'81; and 46 great-grandchildren.Mary Edith Holt Arey, PhB'23, an active memberof the American Foreign Baptist Missionary Society,died June 22 at her home in Lake View. She was 90.There are no immediate survivors.University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 43Matthew Fitzgerald, PhB'24, died August 25 in ParkRidge. A Chicago teacher for 24 years, he served asprincipal of Shoop Elementary School from 1938 until1944, when he became principal of Sleinmetz HighSchool. Named a district superintendent in 1951, hewas also a member of Phi Delta Kappa and a lifetimemember of (he PTA. Survivors include a daughter,four grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.George C. Hoffmann, PhB'25, JD'28, a longtimeresident of Springfield, died May 10 in his home. Hewas 89. An attorney, Hoffman led the effort tofound Sangamon State University, and was awardedthe university's first honorary degree. Survivorsinclude his wife, Ines Catron Hoffmann, JD'28; foursons, including George C. Hoffmann, Jr., AM'56,PhD'61, Frederick B. Hoffmann, AB'64, and DonaldL. Hoffmann, X'53; 13 grandchildren, includingGeorge Hoffmann, AB'82, and Alan Hoffmann,AB'83; and three great-grandchildren.Margaret C. Annan, PhB'28, AM'33, a Chicagohigh school English teacher for more than 35 years,died June 19 at her home. She was 86. There are noimmediate survivors.1930sFranklin D. Efmer, Jr., DB'30, died February 26.Active in the Baptist Theological Union, he receivedits alumni award in 1954, and served as a trustee.Survivors include his wife, Margaret Nelson Elmer,PhB'27; a daughter, Dorothea Elmer Brown, AB'52;a grandson, George J. Brown, MBA'79; and abrother-in-law, Bertram Nelson, SB'31, MD'36.Henriella Hafemann Miller, X'33, died July 5 inEvanston, IL, She was 89. After teaching in Michiganand Wisconsin, she joined Chicago's Senn HighSchool, where she taught history for more than 40years. A recipient of numerous teaching awards —including a John Hay Fellowship — she pioneeredthe Advanced Placement program in Chicago. Millerremained an emeritus teacher and adviser after herretirement. There are no immediate survivors.Robert M. Shone, AM'34, died December 13,1992, at the age of 86. A longtime worker in theiron and steel industry, he directed the British Ironand Steel Federation after World War II, and servedfrom 1953 to 1962 as an executive member of theIron and Steel Board. In 1962, he joined the newlyformed National Economic Development Council,which studied economic planning as a way to reviveBritain's sluggish postwar economy. After leavingthe NEDC, he taught as a visiting professor at CityUniversity and as a special professor at Nottingham.Norman S. Becker, AB'35, a retired CPA, diedSeptember 12 in his Denver home. After retiring, heserved as a volunteer at the Denver Natural HistoryMuseum. Survivors include his wife, Maxine; fourchildren; and four great-grandchildren.Edward G. Rapp, SB'36, died June 3 in SantaRosa, CA, of complications from diabetes. He was79. A chemical engineer for the government, heworked with explosives and ammunition. He endedhis engineering career at Arnes Research Laboratoryin Sunnyvale, CA, where he wrote safety manualsfor the space program. He is survived by a daughter,Genie, and three grandchildren.Helen Witkin Fox, AB'37, a child psychiatrist,died in August. The lirst American woman lo enterPoland after World War II, she served as a childwelfare consultant in Europe Irom 1945 to 1947. lnaddition to raising live children, she was a clinicalassociate professor al Northwestern University, astall member at Evanston and Michael Reese hospitals, and a consultant to the Chicago Board of Education. Survivors include her husband, Benum W.Fox, a son, Steven H. Fox, MO'78, SM'78; and aniece, Leslie J. Bonis, AB'78Allien H. Goodrich, AM'38, died August 28 in Eagle Hills, WI, at the age of 98. President of thePan American Council and the Pan American Boardof Education, he spent more than 45 years with theChicago public school system — as a Spanishteacher, an assistant principal, and a principal. Heretired in 1960. Survivors include his wife, Adri-enne; a daughter; and two sons.Kenneth Perry Landon, AM'32, PhD'38, a foreignaffairs specialist, died of cancer August 26 at hishome in Alexandria, VA. He was 90. After servingfor ten years in Thailand as a Presbyterian missionary, he taught philosophy briefly at Earlham Collegebefore moving to Washington, DC, in 1941 to serveat the newly formed Office of Coordinator of Information. In 1965, he became the director of American University's Center for South and SoutheastAsian Studies, retiring in 1974. He is survived by hiswife, Margaret; two daughters; two sons; 13 grandchildren; and 23 great-grandchildren.Richard A. Parker, PhD'38, professor emeritus ofEgyptology at Brown University, died June 3 in Providence, RI. He was 87. While a graduate student at theU of C, he joined a permanent expedition based inLuxor, Egypt, and became its field director, studyingthe mortuary temple of Ramses III. A prolific scholar,he wrote or collaborated on 12 books. He is survivedby his wife, Gladys; a daughter; and a grandson.1940sW. James Atkins, Jr., AB'40, died September 9 atMitchell Hospital from complications following open-heart surgery. He was a captain in the Marine Corpsduring WWII. Survivors include a son and a daughter.Areta Kelble Weigend, AB'40, died July 23 inTempe, AZ, of a brain tumor. She is survived by herhusband, Guido G. Weigend, SB'42, SM'46, PhD'49;two daughters; and a son.Sarah Jane Rhoads, SB'41, died May 1 at herhome in Laramie, WY. She was 72. After receiving aPh.D. in organic chemistry from Columbia University, she joined the University of Wyoming facultyin 1948 as a lecturer, advancing to full professor in1958. While at UW, she began the undergraduateresearch program in chemistry and received numerous awards for her teaching and research, includingthe American Chemical Society's Garvan Medal in1982. She retired in 1984. Survivors include herlongtime colleague, Rebecca Raulins, and manynieces and nephews.Ruth A. Foley, X'42, a retired social worker, diedJuly 6 in Paris, IL. She was 98. In addition to teaching high school mathematics, she worked for theChicago public-aid department for 20 years. Thereare no immediate survivors.Harriet Gruger, AM'43, died August 10 at the ageof 86. A social worker for more than four decades,she established the Whatcom (WA) County WelfareRelief Center in 1933, and served with the U.S.Department of Health, Education, and Welfare'sBureau of Family Services. After retiring, shereturned to her native Seattle, where she was activein her church and in many volunteer organizations.She is survived by a brother and 12 nieces andnephews.Samuel F. Clarke, MBA'47, died of heart failureMay 29 at his home in Lyndhurst, OH. He was 73.During his 35-year career with General Motors, heserved as director of industrial relations and personnel al the Cleveland and Euclid plants, and as staffassistant in the Detroit general offices. DuringWWII, he was awarded the Bronze Star Medal withOak Leaf Cluster, and the unit which he captainedwas awarded the Croix de Guerre. Clarke alsovorked to establish centers which trained andhelped find employment for indigent and lower-income workers. Survivors include his wife, Regina;a son; and a sister. Evan H. Kelley, AM'46, a longtime resident ofBerwyn, died August 24. He was 77. One of the firsteducators to introduce foreign language programsin primary grades, he taught for and administeredschools in Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. At Northern Michigan University in Marquette, he spenteight years as assistant professor of education. He issurvived by his wife, Ruth Ann; three daughters;two sons; four grandchildren; and a nephew,William J. Marcussen, MBA'83.Oscar F. Schaaf, AM'46, professor emeritus ofeducation at the University of Oregon, died February 12. He was 74. In addition to teaching mathematics education courses at Oregon for 34 years, healso headed the Eugene High School mathematicsdepartment for 16 years. He is survived by his wife,Meredith; two sons; a sister; and a cousin.Muriel Smithson Moore, AM'47, of Sepulveda,CA, died June 3 after a long bout with cancer. She issurvived by her husband, John; a sister; and numerous nieces and nephews.Lester G. Mouscher, PhB'47, SB'48, died September 5 in his Winnetka home. He was 67. A memberof the Chicago Board of Trade, he served as its director for two terms, and as vice chair in 1992. In addition to serving on numerous committees, he helpedfound several civic organizations, including the 1Have a Dream Foundation, in which businesses"adopt" inner-city school classes. He is survived byhis wife, Karen; two sons; and two daughters.George D. Armstrong, Jr., AB'48, former radio hostof "The Wandering Fofksong" on WFMT in Chicago,died July 5. He was 66 and had suffered fromAlzheimer's disease for several years. Active inChicago's folk music scene for more than 30 years, hewas also a professional illustrator of children's books,textbooks, and encyclopedias. He is survived by hiswife, Gerry; two daughters; and five grandchildren.Paul E. Eiserer, PhD'48, died July 8 in his Hen-dersonville, NC, home. He was 81. The author ofnumerous publications, he was a professor at theUniversity of Oregon and at Columbia UniversityTeacher's College. He served as senior warden of theSt. James Episcopal Church, and was on the boardsof the Interfaith Assistance Ministry and the Deer-field Episcopal Retirement Center. He is survived byhis wife, Adelaide Andresen Eiserer, SB'36; twodaughters; five grandchildren; three sisters; abrother; and several nieces and nephews.Ann Marshak Jernberg, PhB'48, PhD'60, died July25 at Hinsdale Hospital at the age of 65. Chief psychologist for the Chicago Head Start program from1967 to 1982, she developed "theraplay," designedto treat troubled preschool children and their families. In 1972, she founded the Theraplay Institute inChicago to expand "play therapy" beyond HeadStart. She is survived by her husband, TheodoreHurst; two daughters; a brother, Thomas A.Marschak, PhB'47; a cousin Natasha SobotkaDeutsch, AB'50, AM'52; and a brother-in-law, PaulF. Jernberg, X'48.1950sErnest W. Stiller, Sr., AM'51, a teacher specializing in languages for more than 40 years, died ofcancer June 11 at his home in La Porte, IN. He was84. During WWII, he served as captain of a Navyhospital ship in the Pacific theater. He is survived byhis wife, Marion Holfelner Stiller, AM'36; a son,Ernest W. Stiller, Jr., MD'69, SM'70; five grandchildren; and a niece.Robert L. Reid, X'56, retired deputy director ofthe University of Illinois Foundation, died June 15in Chicago. He was 67. As an officer of the U of 1Foundation, he helped direct the fund-raising ofcharitable gifts from corporations to benefit boththe Chicago and Urbana campuses. He is survived44 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993Hooks by Alumniby his wife, JoAnne; five daughters; six grandchildren; and two sisters.1960sRichard H. Siegel, JD'60, died August 31 from aheart attack while vacationing in Santa Fe, NM. Hewas 57. A business lawyer and labor arbitrator, hehelped direct operations, raise funds, and devisestrategies for presidential campaigns, supporting liberal Democrats such as Eugene McCarthy and TedKennedy. A Cleveland native, he helped bring Dr.Martin Luther King, Jr., to Cleveland several times inthe 1960s. He is survived by his wife, Madeleine;three sons; and a brother.Roland T. Nelson, PhD'64, died August 7 at the ageof 77. A professor of history and political science atIndiana Central — now the University of Indianapolis — for 23 years, he taught "Women Aware" classesand lectured at Elderhostels throughout North America, retiring from the university in 1980 as department chair. He is survived by his wife, Lela; twodaughters; four grandchildren; three sisters; and abrother.John R. Nolan, Jr., MBA'65, died March 10 inGreenville, NC. He worked for Navistar International, and was a member of St. Williams' CatholicChurch. He is survived by his wife, a son, a daughter, two brothers, and a sister.1970sPeggy E. Williams, MST'72, PhD'80, died August14 in Michael Reese Hospital. She was 59. Afterworking in the Chicago Public Schools as a teacherand administer, she joined the faculty of GovernorsState University in 1974 as a professor in readingand education. A specialist in reading and languagearts, was chosen the university's 1992-93 Distinguished Professor. She is survived by her husband,James, and her mother.1980sKaren E. Swain, AB'87, died August 8 of braincancer. A graduate student at the U of C in Romancelanguages and literature, she had taught French atForest Ridge Academy in Merrillville, IN. She is survived by her parents, Theodore and Margaret.NOTICE OF DEATH RECEIVEDRuth Bowra Lorimer, X'22, June.Suzanne Vernia Smith, PhB'26, February.Ellen M. Gonnelly, PhB'28, AM'37.Helen Taubenblatt, PhB'28, June.Helen Deibler Bloxom, SM'29.Frances Steulpnagel Bruce, AM'29.Irene L. Wente, SM'29, May.Marian Yeatman McDougal, PhB'32, June.Mary Eleanor Buck Stuck, PhB'33, June.Caroline Meis Fischer, AM'34.Paul C. Doehring, MD'37, January.Kenneth V. Thomas, AM'37, May.Marjorie Baker Hubert, X'38.Robert S. Merrill, AA'40, AM'51, PhD'59, April.Donald E. Voelker, AM'42, June.Grace Moore David, SB'43.Dorrice Bratcher, BLS'45, June.Mary A. Darragh, AM'45.R. Frances Doak Sorrell, MBA'48, May.Herbert M. Beitel, JD'49, May.Vivian Brown Hamilton, AM'52,Frank E. O'Brien, MBA'55, December, 1992.Mary L. Clippinger, MBA'56, June.William Tumbull, Jr., MBA'59.Diane Gruenstein, AM'92, July.Kenneth N. Magnus, MBA'92, December 1992. ART AND ARCHITECTUREChristine Poggi, AM'79, In Defiance of Painting:Cubism, Futurism, and the Invention of Collage (YaleUniversity Press). The invention of the collage byPicasso and Braque in 1912 proved to be a dramaticturning point in the development of Cubism andFuturism and, ultimately, a significant innovation in20th-century art. Poggi discusses the theory andhistory behind the invention and early practice ofcollage. Focusing first on the Cubists and then onthe Futurists, the author explores how each groupquestioned and subverted traditional genres andforms of expression and, at the same time, contributed to the spirit of invention that prevailedbefore WWI.Richard L. Zettler, AM'75, PhD'84, Nippur HI TheKassite Buildings of Area WC-1 (Oriental InstitutePress). Emending and expanding preliminaryreports, this monograph details the construction andrebuildings of a large Kassite private house near thewestern wall of Nippur and furnishes backgroundinformation on both Kassite architectural practicesand unanticipated patterning in intramural burials.With an introductory chapter by McGuire Gibson,AM'64, PhD'68, the volume also includes contributions from James A. Armstrong, AB'75, PhD'89, andAugusta M. McMahon, AM'86, PhD'93.DIOGRAPHY AND LETTERSEmma W. Bragg, PhD'52, Susanna McGavockCarter: The Trusted Housekeeper, Servant and Slave ofGeneral William Giles Harding of Nashville's BelleMeade Plantation. This booklet traces the letters sentbetween a slave and her master during the summerof 1862, when General Harding was jailed for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to Union forces.Jeffrey Coven, AM'65, Baudelaire's Voyages: ThePoet and His Painters (Bulfinch Press). In his essays,Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) both defined "thepainter of modern life" and argued eloquently formany of what became the defining elements of modernism. Coven focuses on the rich correspondencebetween Baudeiaire's poetry and the work of suchartists as Goya, Delacroix, Daumier, Meryon, Manet,Munch, Redon, Rodin, Matisse, Rouault, and Motherwell. The book also serves as the catalog for theexhibition of the same title at the Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas at Austin,(January 21-March 15, 1994).Yaffa Claire Draznin, AB'43, editor, My OtJier-Self: The Letters of Olive Schreiner and Havelock Ellis,1884-1920 (Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.). Transcribed and annotated with authorial analysis andcomment, this book is a definitive, comprehensiveedition of the correspondence between Schreiner,an early outspoken Victorian feminist, and Ellis, theforerunner in research on human sexuality.Sally Miller, AM'63, From Prairie to Prison: TheLife of Social Activist Kate Richards O'Hare (University of Missouri Press). Kate Richards O'Hare dedicated her life to challenging virtually all of society'sinstitutions. Imprisoned in 1917 for publicly opposing America's intervention in WWI, "Red Kate"became one of the nation's most celebrated socialistwomen. This book traces her life from her childhood in Kansas and Missouri to her death in 1948.Donald E. Osterbrock, PhB'48, SB'48, SM'49,PhD'52, Pauper and Prince: Ritchey, Hale and BigAmerican Telescopes (University of Arizona Press). George Willis Ritchey, the great telescope makerand prophet of large reflecting telescopes, andGeorge Ellery Hale, the phenomenal fund-raiser andorganizer of scientific institutions, began their collaboration at Hale's own Kenwood Observatory, twomiles north of the University. They continued atYerkes Observatory, later at Mount Wilson Observatory, before finally splitting irrevocably. This bookis the story of their interconnected lives and careers.RUSINESS AND ECONOMICSCarol Agocs, AM'65, Catherine Burr, and FelicitySomerset, Employment Equity: Cooperative Strategiesfor Organizational Change (Prentice-Hall Canada).Aimed at both practitioners and academic readers,this book discusses initiatives to promote equality inthe workplace for women, racial minorities, aboriginal peoples, and persons with disabilities. Theauthors examine employment equity — Canada'sapproach to affirmative action — as an organizational-change process involving key stakeholdergroups.Philip Kotler, AM'53, Marketing/or Congregations:Choosing to Serve People More Effectively (AbingdonPress); and, with Donald Haider and Irving Rein,Marketing Places: Attracting Investment, Industry, andTourism to Cities, States and Nations (The FreePress). The first book guides pastors and other congregational leaders through case studies and samplemarketing plans to make better-informed decisionsand meet people's needs more effectively. In thesecond book, the authors argue that the hidden keyto vigorous economic development is strategic marketing of places by rebuilding infrastructure, creating a skilled labor force, and stimulating localbusiness entrepreneurship and expansion.Leonardo Leiderman, AM'76, PhD'78, Inflationand Disinflation: The Israeli Experiment (Universityof Chicago Press). During the early 1980s, Israel'sannual inflation rate rose to almost 500 percent —one of the highest inflation rates in the developedworld. In 1985, the Israeli government implementeda program that immediately reduced the country'sinflation to less than 20 percent, where it remainedfor the rest of the decade. In these 18 articles, Leiderman discusses why the Israeli plan worked andconsiders how other countries might benefit fromsimilar policies.Edward H. Yelin, AB'72, Disability and the Displaced Worker (Rutgers University Press). With thepassage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of1990, the employment of persons with disabilitieshas taken center stage in policy debates. Yelin maintains that the growing work-disability problem canbe traced to the decline of manufacturing employment, which forced older workers with disabilitiesout of the labor force as part of a "first-fired" phenomenon. Linking disability to changes in all formsof work that made secure, full-time employmentwith benefits a thing of the past, he argues thatwork-disability policy and industrial policy must bejoined to create a heightened demand for olderworkers in general and older workers with disabilities in particular.CHILDREN'S LITERATUREBarbara Diamond Goldin, AB'68, The Magician'sVisit: A Passover Tale (Viking Press). This adaptation of an I. L. Peretz story tells the tale of a won-University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 45droits magician who, although penniless anddressed in rags, produces rivers of fancy ribbons andgold coins. On Passover eve, the magician appearsat the door ol a poor couple whose few pennieshave gone to charily rather than lo furnish theirown Seder table. .After asking to be their guest, hepromptly summons candles that dance, chairs thatfly — and everything needed for a Seder. Illustratedby Robert Andrew Parker.CRITICISMSeth Benardete, AB'49, AM'53, PhD'55, TheTragedy and Comedy of Life (University of ChicagoPress). The third book in Benardete's exploration ofPlato's understanding of the beautiful, the just, andthe good, this volume focuses on the good as discussed in the Philebus. Traditionally, the Philebus isinterpreted as affirming the doctrine that the goodresides in thought and mind rather than in pleasureor the body. Benardete argues that Socrates elevatesthe life of the mind not by advocating a strict asceticism, but rather by mixing pleasure and pain withthe mind in such a way that the philosophic lifeemerges as the only possible existence.Elaine L. Kleiner, AM'66, PhD'71, editor. Postmodern Science Fiction (Ginn Press). The stories inthis critical anthology represent works that pavedthe way for postmodern science fiction by unitinghigh technology, astrophysics, and the contemporary popular underground. Kleiner argues that theinternational hegemony of the scientific worldviewhas made postmodern science liction the rival ofmainstream novels in capturing ihe texture of 20th-century life-.Philip A. Lutgcndorf, AB'71, AM'82, PhD'87, Flicl.i/c <>/ 11 Levi. Performing the Ramcaritmanas ofTulsi-dus (University of California Press). Tracing the northIndian career of ihe Ramairitmanas, Tulsidas' versionol the epic Ramuyunu, Lutgcndorf combines a literaryand historical study of the tcxl itself with an ethnographic analysis of its wide-ranging readership.Thomas A. Mikolyzk, AM'86, Oscar Wilde: AnAnnotated Bibliography (Greenwood Press). Beginning with a short chronology of Wilde's life andcareer, this reference provides both an exhaustiverecord of secondary studies on Wilde as well asentries for Wilde's own works, including variousmodern editions. The volume also includes anindex of works by Wilde, an index of authors of secondary sources, and a general subject index.Olga Anastasia Pelensky, AM'70, Isak Dinesen:The Ufe and Imagination of a Seducer (Ohio University Press), and, editor, Isak Dinesen: Critical Views(Ohio University Press). The first book is a biography of Dinesen, focusing on her "as tortured souland as creative artisl, 'seducer' of the imaginationwho was herself seduced by her preconceptions of'natural' Africans." The second book, an historicaloverview of criticism of the Danish writer, is thefirst such collection available in English. Composedof selections from major critics and scholars, thebook charts how the reputation of a major 20th-centurv writer unfolds under continual appropriation and reinvention within critical discourse.Decna Rosenberg, AB'73, Fascinating Rhythm: TheCollaboration <>/ George and Ira Gcrs/nvin (Plume).The songs ol George .nul Ira Gershwin revolutionized the American musical theater. With information acquired Irom unpublished archival materialMid extensive interviews with Ira himscll, Rosenberg traces ihe development ol the Gcrshwins'vocabulary, voice, subject matter, and viewpointIrom earlv songs like "The Man I Love" and "Someone to Watch liver Me" through "Strike Up theHand" and such late Mini songs as "A Foggy Day,"I he hook also includes vintage photographs andmusical scores. ...j.1)(.,j in..,,, ., .,,„y j-.,- i, r. PoreM iwoWhy Barbara Diamond GoldlniftntMtal ^Robert Andrew PnrftorMagic for dinner (see Children's Literature).EDUCATIONLou Willett Stanek, PhD'74, Whole Language, Literature, Learning, and Literacy (H. W. Wilson). Thisbook, a "workshop in print," is both an introductionto a literature-based approach to teaching across thecurriculum and a resource for ideas, curriculumplans, themes, and book lists to use with students ofall ages in the classroom, library, and community.FICTION AND POETRYMichael Curley, PhD'73, translator, Saint Palricb'sPurgatory: A Poem by Marie de France (Center forMedieval & Early Renaissance Studies at SUNYBinghamton). Translated for the first time into English, this poem — in rhyming octosyllabic couplets —traces the experiences of an Irish knight inpurgatory. The poem itself is based on Tractatus dePurgatorio Sancti Patricii, one of the Middle Ages'most influential texts about purgatory. This editionincludes the original French text edited by KarlWarnke, a bibliography, and notes to the text andtranslation.Harry D. Eshleman, AB'50, The Colors in the Sky(Runaway Spoon Press). This book is a compilationof poems selected from those published by Eshleman in various journals throughout his life.Philip C. Kolin, AM'67, Roses for Sharron: Poems(Colonial Press). Comprised of devotional and lovelyrics, this book of 52 poems is divided into threeparts: "Sacraments and Seagulls," "Love's PicketFence," and "Parishioners."Jordan Orlando, X'84, The Object Lesson (Simon&f Schuster). When a young reporter's solitary life isinterrupted by news of a former friend's violentinjury, the awkward reunion of the two instigates abaffling criminal investigation that leads deep intothe interwoven terrains ot city politics, psychotherapy, and high fashion.GENDER STUDIESWilliam Belcher and William S. Pollack, AB'72, Ina Time of Fallen Heroes: The Re-Creation of Masculin-itv (Atheneum). Using vignettes from their professional practices to bridge the gap from theory topersonal understanding, psychologists Betcher andPollack offer men a means of coming to terms with their nature and needs without the beating drumsand backwoods bonding of Robert Bly's Iron John-arid offer women a means of understanding whymen act as they do. Just as gender theory has cometo reject the suggestion that women are deficientmen, the authors dismiss the notion that womencan serve as a masculine model, arguing that thereshould exist a sense of valued differences betweenthe genders.Emily Groszos Ooms, AM'84, Women and Millenarian Protest in Meiji Japan: Deguchi Nao andOmotokyo (Cornell East Asia Series). This studyrefines our understanding of women's roles in thecreation of new modes of religious thought andaction in Japan. Through a detailed analysis of thelife and teachings of Deguchi Nao (1837-1918) andthe religion she founded, Omotokyo, the authorsillustrate how rapid socioeconomic change in late19th-century Japan inspired new forms of culturaland political resistance.HISTORY/CURRENT EVENTSNejla M. Abu-lzzeddin, AM'31, PhD'34, TheDmzes: A New Study of their History, Faith and Society (E. G. Brill). In recent years, the Druzes havereceived worldwide publicity, but knowledge aboutthem has remained scant. In this book, Abu-lzzeddin seeks both to place Druze beliefs in the contextof the development of Shi'ism in its IsmaichiFatimid form, and to describe the role of the Druzecommunity in the history of Lebanon and Syria.MEDICINE AND HEALTHMichael L. Dvorkin, AB'76, Office Orthopaedics(Appleton & Lange). An orthopedic textbookgeared toward the primary-care physician and medical student, this work emphasizes the clinical diagnosis of common orthopaedic problems.POLITICAL SCIENCE AND LAWMichael C. Desch, AM'84, PhD'88, When theThird World Matters: Latin American and the UnitedStates Grand Strategy (Johns Hopkins UniversityPress). Desch examines U.S. strategy relating toLatin America at four critical points in history:WWI, WWII, the Cuban missile crisis, and the ColdWar — arguing that areas which appear to have noinherent strategic interests nonetheless proved to besignificant as links between strategically importantregions or as foils, directing a rival power's attentionfrom the main theater of action.Benjamin Ginsberg, AB'68, AM'70, PhD'73, TheFatal Embrace: Jews and the State (University ofChicago Press). This book examines the pattern ofJewish success and anti-Semitic attack throughouthistory, focusing not on anti-Jewish feeling per se,but on the conditions under which such sentimentis mobilized politically.Peter B. Kovler, AB'74, editor, Democrats and theAmerican idea: A Bicentennial Appraisal (Center forNational Policy Press). This collection of 16 essaysby American scholars and political historians tracesthe legacy of the Democratic Party from its Jefferson-ian andjacksonian roots to its emergence as a majorpolitical party.David Ziskind, PhB'23, JD'25, Emancipation Acts:Quintessential Labor Laws (Litlaw Foundation). Thisbook records the struggles to emancipate slaves inancient, medieval, and modern times by delineatingmore than 300 statutes, treaties, decrees, and otherlaws promulgated against slaveholding in empires,colonies, and nations around the world. Detailingthe slavery debates in France, Britain, and theUnited States as they pertain to modern labor legislation, Ziskind examines the initial efforts of inter-46 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993IRT AND ARCHITECTUREChristine Poggi, AM'79, In Defiance of Painting:Cubism, Futurism, and the Invention of Collage (YaleJniversity Press). The invention of the collage by'icasso and Braque in 1912 proved to be a dramaticurning point in the development of Cubism and:uturism and, ultimately, a significant innovation in10th-century art. Poggi discusses the theory andlistory behind the invention and early practice of:ollage. Focusing first on the Cubists and then onhe Futurists, die author explores how each groupruestioned and subverted traditional genres andbrms of expression and, at the same time, con-ributed to the spirit of invention that prevailedbefore WWI.Richard L. Zettler, AM'75, PhD'84, Nippur III: TheKassite Buildings of Area WC-1 (Oriental InstitutePress). Emending and expanding preliminaryreports, this monograph details the construction andrebuildings of a large Kassite private house near thewestern wall of Nippur and furnishes backgroundinformation on both Kassite architectural practicesand unanticipated patterning in intramural burials.With an introductory chapter by McGuire Gibson,AM'64, PhD'68, the volume also includes contributions from James A, Armstrong, AB'75, PhD'89, andAugusta M. McMahon, AM'86, PhD'93.BIOGRAPHY AND LETTERSEmma W. Bragg, PhD'52, Susanna McGavockCarter: The Trusted Housekeeper, Servant and Slave ofGeneral William Giles Harding of Nashville's BelleMeade Plantation. This booklet traces the letters sentbetween a slave and her master during the summerof 1862, when General Harding was jailed for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to Union forces.Jeffrey Coven, AM'65, Baudelaire's Voyages: ThePoet and His Painters (Bulfinch Press). In his essays,Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) both defined "thepainter of modern life" and argued eloquently formany of what became the defining elements of modernism. Coven focuses on the rich correspondencebetween Baudelaire's poetry and the work of suchartists as Goya, Delacroix, Daumier, Meryon, Manet,Munch, Redon, Rodin, Matisse, Rouault, and Motherwell. The book also serves as the catalog for theexhibition of the same title at die Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas at Austin,(January 21-March 15, 1994).Yaffa Claire Draznin, AB'43, editor, My Other-Self: The Letters of Olive Schreiner and Havelock Ellis,1884-1920 (Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.). Transcribed and annotated with authorial analysis andeomment, this book is a definitive, comprehensiveedition of the correspondence between Schreiner,in early outspoken Victorian feminist, and Ellis, theorerunner in research on human sexuality.Sally Miller, AM'63, From Prairie to Prison: The-ife of Social Activist Kate Richards O'Hare (Univer-¦ity of Missouri Press). Kate Richards O'Hare dedi-:ated her life to challenging virtually all of society'snstitutions. Imprisoned in 1917 for publicly oppos-ng America's intervention in WWI, "Red Kate"lecame one of the nation's most celebrated socialistromen. This book traces her life from her child-lood in Kansas and Missouri to her death in 1948.Donald E. Osterbrock, PhB'48, SB'48, SM'49,'hD'52, Pauper and Prince: Ritchey, Hale and BigMexican Telescopes (University of Arizona Press).ieorge Willis Ritchey, the great telescope makernd prophet of large reflecting telescopes, andieorge Ellery Hale, the phenomenal fund-raiser andrganizer of scientific institutions, began their col-iboration at Hale's own Kenwood Observatory, twotiles north of the University. They continued aterkes Observatory, later at Mount Wilson Observa tory, before finally splitting irrevocably. This bookis the story of their interconnected lives and careers.RUSINESS AND ECONOMICSCarol Agocs, AM'65, Catherine Burr, and FelicitySomerset, Employment Equity: Cooperative Strategiesfor Organizational Change (Prentice-Hall Canada).Aimed at both practitioners and academic readers,this book discusses initiatives to promote equality inthe workplace for women, racial minorities, aboriginal peoples, and persons with disabilities. Theauthors examine employment equity — Canada'sapproach to affirmative action — as an organizational-change process involving key stakeholdergroups.Philip Kotler, AM'53, Marketing for Congregations:Choosing to Serve People More Effectively (AbingdonPress); and, with Donald Haider and Irving Rein,Marketing Places: Attracting Investment, Industry, andTourism to Cities, States and Nations (The FreePress). The first book guides pastors and other congregational leaders through case studies and samplemarketing plans to make better-informed decisionsand meet people's needs more effectively. In thesecond book, the authors argue that the hidden keyto vigorous economic development is strategic marketing of places by rebuilding infrastructure, creating a skilled labor force, and stimulating localbusiness entrepreneurship and expansion.Leonardo Leiderman, AM'76, PhD'78, Inflationand Disinflation: The Israeli Experiment (Universityof Chicago Press). During the early 1980s, Israel'sannual inflation rate rose to almost 500 percent —one of the highest inflation rates in the developedworld. In 1985, the Israeli government implementeda program that immediately reduced the country'sinflation to less than 20 percent, where it remainedfor the rest of the decade. In these 18 articles, Leiderman discusses why the Israeli plan worked andconsiders how other countries might benefit fromsimilar policies.Edward H. Yelin, AB'72, Disability and the Displaced Worker (Rutgers University Press). With thepassage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of1990, the employment of persons with disabilitieshas taken center stage in policy debates. Yelin maintains that the growing work-disability problem canbe traced to the decline of manufacturing employment, which forced older workers with disabilitiesout of the labor force as part of a "first-fired" phenomenon. Linking disability to changes in all formsof work that made secure, full-time employmentwith benefits a thing of the past, he argues thatwork-disability policy and industrial policy must bejoined to create a heightened demand for olderworkers in general and older workers with disabilities in particular.CHILDREN'S LITERATUREBarbara Diamond Goldin, AB'68, The Magician'sVisit: A Passover Tale (Viking Press). This adaptation of an I. L. Peretz story tells the tale of a wondrous magician who, although penniless anddressed in rags, produces rivers of fancy ribbons andgold coins. On Passover Eve, the magician appearsat the door of a poor couple whose few pennieshave gone to charity rather than to furnish theirown Seder table. After asking to be their guest, hepromptly summons candles that dance, chairs thatfly — and everything needed for a Seder. Illustratedby Robert Andrew Parker.CRITICISMSeth Benardete, AB'49, AM'53, PhD'55, TheTragedy and Comedy of Life (University of Chicago Other VoicesContinued from page 48"Western" anthropologist as a consultant.He had no difficulty finding several "Westerners" eager to take the job.The East African philosopher and the"Western" anthropologist collaborating tokeep each other's valued differences alive isan example of open-mindedness in thepostmodern world. In a postmodern world,your ancestry is less important than yourtravel plans. "Ebony" and "ivory" do notrise above their differences to realize theiressential nature; instead, they trade places.Let's call this postmodern liberalism. Hereare some scenes from the postmodern liberal world: German linguists teaching Sanskrit to Indian Brahmans; Bengali writersfeeling disappointed when they journey toEngland and discover that the prose ofByron, the prose they are accustomed to, isnot spoken on the streets on London; theindigenous elite in Kenya and Jamaicateaching the English how to be properlyEnglish; American baseball financed by theJapanese; Japanese rice production financedby General Mills; an Afro-Caribbeanscholar translating ancient Greek texts;Janis Joplin singing the blues.I think there is a message to be drawnfrom these examples, and it is this: Theauthority of a voice has a lot to do withwhat is said and very little to do with whosays it. In other words, you do not have tobe a Westerner or a male to articulate aWestern or masculine perspective, andmost Westerners and most males are notvery good at it, anyhow. Authoritativevoices speak for the zen of things notbecause of who they are, least of all becauseof their social designation, but becausewhat they say binds you to a reality. Indeed,"insiders" in the old premodern sense arenot necessarily the best ones to speak aboutthemselves. That is why some of the bestbooks about social life in the United Stateshave been written by "outsiders" from Asia,Africa, and Europe. It was an observationby a friend from India that got me to payattention to the first commandment of theliberal soul: Never sacrifice the autonomy ofyour voice.This essay is excerpted from 1993's annual"Aims of Education" address to first-year students. In "Fundamentalism for Highbrows,"Richard A. Shweder — professor in psychology, ihe committees on Human Developmentand South Asian Studies, and the College —listed six of the "hundreds" of commandmentson which "ihe soul of liberalism rests."University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993 470 ther VoicesIt's WhatYou KnowBy Richard A. ShwederIdo research in a Hindu temple town inIndia. A few years ago, I invited afriend and scholar from that templecommunity to visit my temple community, the University of Chicago. It was hisfirst trip abroad, so he came to the UnitedStates quite fresh. I invited him to attendmy section of the Social Sciences Core. Henoticed things wc take for granted. Henoticed that, as I walked into ihe classroom,the students did not stand up and showtheir respect for my status. He noticed thatmales and females were sitting together. Henoticed that I encouraged the expression ofopinions from my students. All those thingswent against his notion of what the practiceof teaching was about.Such observations by an "outsider" helpedme recognize a fundamental message of theorganization of the classroom in our intellectual community. The message has something to do with the autonomy of voice. Weparticipate in the community as individuals,not as social categories. We try to detachour evaluation of the ideas that are voicedfrom the social identity of the person whovoiced them.There are many ways to lose your voice orto have it taken from you. Laryngitis is justone of them. I have lost my voice twice inrecent years, both at academic conferences.On the first occasion, one of the mainspeakers at the conference declined to participate in roundtable discussion with themales in the room on the grounds that heronly interest in men was as sexual objects.It was her way of telling a story about theloss of voice. On the second occasion, aspeaker denounced the musical West SideShu y on the grounds that it had been produced by "succcsslul white males" who, sheargued, had no authority to represent thePuerto Rican— American experience. Whenit was pointed out by a wounded female fan The authority ol a voice hasa lot to do with what is saidand very little to do with whosays it. In other words, you donot have to be a Westerner ora male to articulate a Westernor masculine perspective— andmost males are not very goodat it anyhow.of the show that West Side Story was, ofcourse, a variation on Romeo and Juliet, aplay created by a successful white male whowas neither Italian nor a citizen of Verona,the speaker denounced William Shakespeare as a racist.Confrontations of that type raise fascinating questions about the authority of a voiceto speak about particular topics. In a pre-modern frame of mind, there are "insiders"and "outsiders," and it is easy to tell whichis which. All knowledge is parochial andowned by those who are insiders. Onlyinsiders have the authority to speak aboutthemselves. The Old Testament is the private property of the tribes of Israel. OnlyAfro-Americans are entitled to rap or singthe blues.So much for premodernism. Let us moveon to modernism, the mentality of theFrench Enlightenment. Modernism has been the dominant mentality of our academic culture, at least until recent times. Themodern mind believes that the only knowledge worth having is universal knowledge.What is true for one is true for all. It isassumed that if two people disagree, forexample, about whether it is blasphemousfor Salman Rushdie to write The SatanicVerses, then, according to the modernists, atleast one of them must be wrong. The message of modernism is that, if we stick topure reason and hard facts (logic and science), all disagreements and conflictsbetween peoples can be resolved. If youbelieve the world would be a better place ifthere were just one language to speak (forexample, Esperanto or Arabic), then youare probably a modernist. Perhaps youthink it should be English.The postmodern mentality is a bit different. Let me define it by illustration. I havein my files an item about a prominentmember of an East African tribe who wasprofessionally trained in Western philosophy. He had an interest in reviving the traditional practices of his ethnic group. As itturned out, the old ways had been forgotteneven by the elders of his community. Themain repository of knowledge about histribal past was located in books publishedin Europe and the United States. The EastAfrican philosopher realized he needed aContinued on page 4748 University of Chicago Magazine/December 1993fc Kb \ ^i^1 1 '.''. /¦V ..."There's no such thingas a free alumnimagazine"i Q—Milton Friedman, AM '33f course that's not quite what theNobel laureate in economics actually said.But if you think of the University ofChicago Magazine as a kind of metaphorical sandwich — two slices of institutionaland alumni news, filled with featuresabout teaching, research, ideas, and U ofC people — then you have a taste ofChicago, delivered straight to your doorsix times each year.A free lunch? Every year, the Universityand thousands of our readers combine tomeet the costs of producing and mailingthe Magazine. Your contribution (we suggest a gift of $15) means a lot.Of course, the Magazine will still come toyou, whether or not you give. But if youdo want to contribute, please make yourcheck payable to the University of ChicagoMagazine and send it, along with yournews for the Magazine's "Class News" section, to the address below.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERobie House, 5757 WoodlawnChicago, IL 60637ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED