Ëhe IMive^iiy^of^J.^gazine/^^le^ 1985*v 'W.V;l<3 I N.\HH '%\tAINew«\ ''Aï'4' vUH4ï ScienceLifyraryA Newmce**c'03 o*3..-;¦,'¦ILETTERSThe Magazine welcomes correspondent fromifs readers. The editor reserves the right to shortenletters.SOME AD VICE FOR THEBENTON FELLOWSEditor:The Benton Fellowship Program has anantécédent at the University of Chicago inthe career of Robert E. Park, with Ernest W.Burgess a founder of the Chicago School ofSociology, now so much written about.Park studied with John Dewey at the University of Michigan, but then became anewspaper reporter from 1887 to 1898, inorder to expérience "ail the joys and sor-rows of the world." Tramping about citiesgave him the conception of the city as notjust a géographie entity but "a kind of socialorganism," so important for his later work.He then went to Harvard to study philoso-phy "because I hoped to gain insight intothe nature and function of the kind ofknowledge we call news." He studied withRoyce, Santayana, and James, did his dissertation in Germany on "The Crowd andthe Public," and subsequently went to workwith Booker T. Washington. At Tuskegee,W. I. Thomas, of the University of ChicagoSociology Department (the world's firstsuch department), ran across him andinvited him to lecture at the Universityof Chicago. He retired from Chicago in1933. Thomas said: "Park was not onlyruminating ail the time but imposing hisruminations on me, with eventual greatprofit to myself." Park's writings, as indeedthose of the 1920s Chicago sociologists, arerecommended for the Benton Fellows'ruminations.James Bennett, AM'65, PhD'72Chicago, ILPS. There's more of this in my Oral Historyand Delinquency (University of ChicagoPress, 1981.)BENTON FELLOWS ARENOT KNIGHTS IN ARMOREditor:I am generally lef t unmoved by the articles in The University of Chicago Magazine, thetone of which is lavish self-congratulation. Iam usually glad to hear of universityevents, but not in the form of sanguinegood cheer in each paragraph, and ending with the outstretched palm.But in the FALL/84 issue you hâveexcelled yourselves. "Station Break"informs us ail of the wonderful bountyextended to journalists in the form of fel-lowships, lucrative ones indeed, so thatthèse scribes— poor fellows— can recreatethemselves and jabber to their hearts' content round a table.The Benton Fellowships has a certainring to it; it is not the ring of a cathedral bell,but rather that of someone summoningpeople to the supper table. I can't imagineany excuse for journalists talking more thanthey already do— but some people will doanything for a free lunch.What I really resent is the unholy air ofpiousness that attends the "Benton Fellows" and your scribe who natters on aboutthem, as if they were the knights of the holygrail. Judging from the photographs of theboys themselves firing off profundities leftand right, they might just believe that a lit-tle shining armor is in order.It's ail spinach, and I say— . Well, youknow the rest.Philip Brantingham, AB'55Chicago, IL.AN INVITATION TODECIPHER KING TUTEditor:The fascinating feature story by JamesGraff on preserving Egypt's ancient recordsawakens some vivid memories of an épisode during my studies in the DivinitySchool which by coincidence gave anopportunity to provide a supplément tothis account.In the winter of 1923-24 I was invited,with a dozen or so fellow students in Egyp-tology and my own Department of Old Testament, to the home of Dr. James Breasted,who had not long before returned from hisepoch-making trip to Egypt. He had beenasked, as the world's premier Egyptologist,to secure a leave of absence as head of thisdepartment, and to translate the heirogly-phic inscriptions in the recently discoveredKing Tutankhamon's tomb. It was this épisode which, as Graff emphasizes, arousedhis passionate eagerness to bring to con-temporary minds the treasures of thatancient culture, and thus led to what hasever since been an international appréciation of it.As we gathered in the parlor, Mrs.Breasted handed her husband a Une sketch of the f loor plan of the tomb, which showedtwo rooms, the larger an entry to the tombproper, containing the catafalque and itsburden. In fascinating détail Dr. Breastedrecounted the expérience, with spécial référence to the spécifie task, that of translat-ing those bewildering pictographs into cur-rent English. One particular item remainswith me; an obscure détail was challengedby another reader, but Dr. Breasted toldhow his rendering was correct, and whyIt seems évident to me that, but for thistrip, the acquaintance with this vitallyimportant language and kindred tongueswould hâve been delayed, and possiblyaltogether limited.Incidentally, the eagerly sought récognition by affidavit is now complète. Towhom it may concern, I am National Champion, 100 Meter Sprinter. I'm 94.Newton E. Barnett, AM'24Moline, ILEditor's NotesOn a brilliant October day inChicago stonecutter Paul Petreaunuwields his electric drill with a steadyhand as he carves out words in the pris-tine Indiana limestone. On a wall in theentrance lobby of the new John CrerarLibrary, Petreaunu is working rapidly tocarve out an inscription which has beenmeticulously penciled on the stone.Zzzzzz .... the drill goes in. "TOADVANCE KN WLEDGE" he carves,then goes back to make an "O." Toadvance knowledge is the goal of thisnew science library, the latest additionto the University's library System. Wehâve just spent several days talking tostaff of the University of ChicagoLibrary (the library System is referred toin the singular) and as we watchPetreaunu work, we reflect on the factthat it is people, not buildings, whoadvance knowledge. Someday, perhaps,someone will send the stonecutter tocarve the names of the long Une of bibliographes who for the ninety years ofthe library's existence hâve, by theirchoices, built what is considered one ofthe world's distinguished researchlibrary collections. How modem daybibliographers go about their work ofbuilding collections is the subject of anarticle in this issue.EditorFelicia Antonelli Holton, AB'50DesignerDiane HutchinsonThe University of Chicago Office ofAlumni Af fairsRobie House5757 South Woodlawn AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637Téléphone: (312)753-2175Président, The University of ChicagoAlumni AssociationMichael Klowden, AB'67Executive Directorof University Alumni Af fairsCarol Jenkins Linné, AB'66Associate Directorof University Alumni Af fairsRuth HalloranNational Program DirectorBette ArnettChicago Area Program DirectorMark Reinecke, AM'81Director, Alumni Schools CommitteeI. Robert Bail, Jr., X'70The University of ChicagoAlumni AssociationExecutive Committee, the CabinetMichael Klowden, AB'67Edward J. Anderson, PhB'46, SM'49Robert O. Anderson, AB'39Patricia C. Cassimatis, AB'67 MAT'69PeterA. Goodsell, AB'71Mary Lou Gorno, MBA'76William B. Graham, SB'32, JD'36Patricia Rosenzweig, AB'61Barbara Wagonfeld, AB'58Clyde Watkins, AB'67Faculty/ Alumni Advisory Committeeto the University of Chicago MagazineEdward W. Rosenheim, AB'39AM'47 PhD'53, ChairmanDavid B. and Clara E. SternProfessor, Department of Englishand the CollègeWalter J. Blum, AB'39, JD'41Wilson-Dickinson Professor,the Law SchoolGreta Wiley Flory, PhB'48Cari Lavin, AB'79John A. SimpsonArthur Holly Compton DistinguishedService Professor, Department ofPhysics and the CollègeLorna R Straus, SM'60, PhD'62Associate Professor, Department ofAnatomy and the CollègeLinda Thoren, AB'64, JD'67The University of Chicago Magazine ispublished by the University of Chicagoin coopération with the AlumniAssociation. Published continuouslysince 1907 Editorial Office: Robie House,5757 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago,Illinois 60637 Téléphone (312) 753-2323.Copyright© 1984 by the University ofChicago. Published four times a year,Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer. TheMagazine is sent to ail University ofChicago alumni. Please allow four weeksfor change of address. Second classpostage paid at Chicago, Illinois, and atadditional mailing offices. The University ofCHICAGOMagazine /Winter 1985Volume 77, Number 2 (ISSN-9508)Cover: Stonecutter Paul Petreanu,of Galloy and Van Etten ofChicago, wields an electric drillto carve an inscription just insidethe doors of the new John CrerarLibrary. (Photo by James Ballard)Typesetting by Skripps & Associates, Chicago. IN THIS ISSUEA New Science QuadWith the opening of the John Crerar Library, theUniversity established a new science quadrangle.Page 6For Scientists, Business, and thePublic— A Striking New Science LibraryBy Felicia Antonelli HoltonThe John Crerar Library opens, carrying on an oldChicago tradition.Page 12Where the Doors Can't Open Too Soon,Or Close Too LateBy Felicia Antonelli HoltonWhat does it take to run a major research librarySystem? Books, buildings, money, a willing staff,and dedicated users.Page 16What Research Will be "Hot" in 2084?By Felicia Antonelli HoltonThe library's bibliographers must buy materialsnot only for today's scholars, but for tomorrow'sas well.Page 26Challenging Certain Myths About the"Hutchins" CollègeBy Donald N. LevinePage 36DEPARTMENTSChicago JournalClass NewsDeathsBooks 2405053CHICAGO JOURNALSIMPSON'S EXPERIMENTSON RUSSIAN SATELLITEUniversity-built instruments thatmay provide new information aboutthe birth and évolution of the cosmosare aboard two Soviet satellites speed-ing toward a rendezvous with Halley'scornet. The instruments are comet-dust analyzers designed by Universityastrophysicist John A. Simpson, whosays their chief purpose is to provide"additional building blocks of knowledge" that may ultimately "tell ushow we got hère." Simpson 's experi-ments are believed to be the f irstU.S.-built experiments carried aboarda Soviet interplanetary spacecraf t,and will be the only entirely U.S.-built experiment on any scheduledmission to Halley's cornet. Simpson isthe Arthur Holly Compton Distin-guished Service Professor in theDepartment of Physics, the EnricoFermi Institute, and the Collège.The f irst Russian spacecraft aimedat Halley's cornet, Vega 1, was launchedfrom the U.S.S.R. on December 15.The Soviets fired off Vega II a weeklater. The University of Chicagoinstruments, about the size of ashoebox, will measure the mass andintensity of Halley's dust particles asthe Vega spacecraft pass by the cornet.Because the Vega I will be the f irst offive spacecraft to reach Halley, theChicago f indings on dust density willbe used to détermine the hazards ofcloser approaches by the second Vegacraf t and probes to be sent by theEuropean Space Agency and Japan.The instruments are much more sensi-tive than previous instruments andcan measure dust intensifies about1,000 times higher. They are sensitiveto particles as small as one-tenth of atrillionth of a gram in mass. Thèseparticles are believed to be samples ofmatter from the formation of the solarSystem."Thèse space experiments makeme nervous," said Simpson, a vétéranof more than two dozen such projectssince 1958— ail successful. "So manyman-years of effort are put in by people who really go the limit for you." ustration and information courtesy of the Magyar Media and the U.S.S.R. Academy of SciencesThe illustration shows the trajectories ofthe two Vega spacecraft (black solid Une) launched fromEarth (whose orbit is the short-dashed Une.) The spacecraft first will release their instrumentpackages which will study the atmosphère of Venus (whose orbit is the long dashed Une)on-fune 11 and 15, 1985. The spacecraft will then travel around the Sun to encounter Cornet Halley(whose orbit is the solid white Une in the dark plane) on March 6 and 9, 1986. Note that the cornettravels in a rétrograde orbit (i.e., opposite in direction from the planets) with the encounters occuringafter it passes around the Sun. The position of Earth for receiving the radio signais at the time oftheencounters also is shown.His experiments, sponsored byNASA, hâve been carried on the firstspacecraft to Mercury, Mars, Jupiter,and Saturn.Soviet scientists invited Simpsonto build the detector after he reportedat a scientif ic meeting in Holland in1983 that his idea for measuring cornetdust had been successfully tested atthe University's Enrico Fermi Instituteand could be applied to the Halleycornet mission. The concept had beentested by Anthony Tuzzolino, SM'55,PhD'57, senior research associate atthe Enrico Fermi Institute. A monthafter Simpson's présentation, he wassurprised to receive a spécial invitation directly from the Soviet Academyof Sciences to build detectors for theSoviet probes to Halley's cornet. Theother instruments aboard the probehad been chosen three years earlier and were already being delivered toMoscow by this time.After Washington policymakersapproved, NASA provided funding.Simpson and his crew of engineersthen worked rapidly to meet theSoviet deadline. They began design-ing and building the instrument onMarch 5, 1984 at the University's Labo-ratory for Astrophysics and SpaceResearch. On May 7, Simpson and hissenior engineer, Murry Perkins, delivered a prototype to the laboratory inMoscow. Three f light-qualif ied instruments, including a spare, were devel-oped last summer. "We worked on anastonishingly short time scale for aspace mission," Simpson remarked.The two laboratories established atélex "hot line" to improve communications while integrating Universityinstruments into the Soviet space-craft. Simpson said intégration wasfacilitated by the Central ResearchInstitute in Hungary and the MaxPlanck Institute in Lindau, West Ger-many. He said "The Max Planck Institute played a very important rôle bysharing their expérience with theVega-type spacecraft and in providingdata channels within their own instrument and assigning them to us.Essential contributions were alsomade by Dr. L. V. Ksanfomality, whois in charge of the experiment in theU.S.S.R., and is a co-investigatorwith Academician Sagdeev and theUniversity of Chicago's Tuzzolino andPerkins."Simpson's laboratory has alreadyreceived computer tapes of his instru-ment's performance while on thelaunch pad at the Baikonur Cosmo-drome in Soviet Central Asia. He willregularly receive tapes of both instruments' f indings as they travel throughinterplanetary space to meet thecornet in 1986. Simpson said he willshare the data from his instrumentswith the international scientif iccommunity.The comet-dust analyzer experiments are signif icant from a moreearthly perspective as well. Sovietand American scientists quietly coop-erated at a time when relationsbetween their governments wereincreasingly strained. The missionalso proceeded in the wake of a U.S.décision— a response to the Polishgovernment's déclaration of martiallaw— not to renew a 1972 agreementwith the Soviets calling for joint spaceventures. "This is an important stepfor the Soviets," observed Simpson,adding that it's the first time theU.S.S.R. has "opened up" to tellpeople in advance about the launch ofa space mission. Simpson said he wasimpressed by "the level of coopération between technical staffs of thetwo laboratories" and the degree towhich he was able to "control ourexperiment." However, he added thatboth sides had to carefully feel theirway through this period of international tension.The space experiments of JohnSimpson, his colleagues, and studentshâve been exploring the solar Systemfor more than twenty years, from Pioneer 2 in 1958 to Pioneers 10 and 11, now the most distant of spacecraft.Among their scientif ic accomplish-ments are détermination of the âge ofour galaxy's cosmic radiation (20 million years), explorations of the sizeand nature of the Sun's heliosphere ofradiation and charged particles, andstudy of every planetary magneto-sphere known in the solar System,including those of Earth, Mercury,Jupiter, and Saturn.Simpson currently is leadingresearch teams from Canada and sev-eral Western European countries inconstruction of the solar and cosmiccharged particle detector for "SolarPolar," the first spacecraft designed toleave the plane of the solar systemand fly over the top of the Sun. SolarPolar is scheduled for launch in 1986.ALUMNI ENJOYDAYLONGBOATTRIPMore than 125 alumni and friendstrooped aboard the Wendella for adaylong trip along Chicago's inlandwaterways, on a wet, foggy Sunday inOctober. David Solzman, AB'53,PhD'66, associate professor of geogra-phy at the University of Illinois— Chicago was the tour guide. The trip wasco-sponsored by the University'sOffice of Continuing Education andthe University of Chicago Club ofMetropolitan Chicago.JANNOTTAELECTEDTOBOARDOF TRUSTEESEdgar Jannotta, a Chicago invest-ment banker and managing partner ofWilliam Blair & Co., has been electedto the board of trustées.Jannotta joined the Blair firm in1959 after graduating cum laude fromPrinceton University and earning anM.B.A., with distinction, from theHarvard Business School.Jannotta has served as chairmanof the Securities Industry Associationfor the past three years. Among othercivic activities, he is a governing mem-ber of the Orchestral Associationand a trustée of Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Hospital.Jannotta has been a member of theUniversity's Council on the Graduate School of Business from 1976 to 1981and since 1983. He was a member ofthe University's Corporate Select Gif tsCommittee in 1975 and has partici-pated in a variety of Graduate Schoolof Business activities.PALEVSKYPLEDGES$1 MILLION FOR CINEMAMax Palevsky, PhB'48, SB'48, aCalifornia industrialist and film pro-ducer, has pledged $1 million for theconstruction of a 500-seat movie the-ater in Ida Noyés Hall. The théâtre, tobe called the Max Palevsky Cinéma,will be part of a $6 million rénovationand restoration project intended toconvert Ida Noyés into a comprehen-sive student center.Plans developed by a committee ofstudents and faculty call for convert-ing the Ida Noyés gymnasium into thetheater. It will feature tiered seating, asmall stage for lectures and performances, a full-size movie screen, astereo sound System, and a lobby andrefreshment area."This gift is going to make thesingle largest différence in the devel-opment of Ida Noyés as a greatlyenhanced center for student activities," said Président Hanna Gray."The cinéma will be available to — anda source of entertainment for— theentire campus communtiy."Other changes planned for IdaNoyés include installation in the base-ment of game rooms, arts and craf tsstudios, a billiard parlor and bowlinglanes. Locker and pool facilities alsowill be refurbished. Exterior improve-ments to the Tudor Gothic buildingare nearing completion.CAMBRIDGE AND CHICAGOEXCHANGE ESTABLISHEDAn anonymous contribution froma mutual friend of the University ofChicago and Cambridge has createda new student exchange programbetween the two institutions effectivein 1985-86. "The Chicago-Cambridgeexchange program présents a marvel-ous opportunity for our students,"said Président Hanna Gray. "It will bea signif icant educational and culturalAlbert W. Meyer, SB '27, PhD '30, and Eva Kligman Kirschner, AM ' 48, show off the t-shirts theyreceived as gifts at the National Alumni Fund Board awards dinner. The t-shirts display a photo ofWilliam Rainey Harper.Concerning Graham's appoint-ment, University Président HannaGray said, "We are tremendouslypleased that Bill Graham has acceptedthis position. His long-time commit-ment to the University, his service tothe community, and his leadershiprôle in the business world make himan excellent person to chart the courseof the Alumni Fund in the importantyears ahead."In 1945, after nine years as a patent lawyer, Graham was named avice-président of Baxter Travenol,which manufactures médical productsand pioneered the development of thekidney dialysis machine. He became président and chief executive off icerof the company in 1953 and chairmanof the board in 1971.In addition to chairing the University's Committee to the Divisionof the Humanities from 1981 to 1983,Graham has served on the Citizen'sBoard, the Visiting Committee to theLaw School, the Council on Médicaland Biological Research, and theMajor Gifts Committee for the médical center renewal campaign.Among other civic and culturalactivities he is président of the LyricOpéra, a director of the Chicago Hor-ticultural Society, and a trustée ofEvanston Hospital and the Nationalexpérience for those who participate.Both institutions will benef it from theprésence of visiting students andwhat they carry back with them toshare with their collèges."The Chicago student will be cho-sen each year by a faculty committeeappointed by Président Gray on therecommendation of Donald Levine,dean of the Collège. Criteria for sélection will include intellectual ability,cultural interests, character, personal-ity, adaptability, and leadershippotential for furthering understand-ing between Great Britain and theUnited States. The award will covertuition, room and board, two round-trip travel allowances, and funds forsix weeks of travel in Europe for aChicago collège junior, and six weeksof travel in the United States for aCambridge student.NATIONAL ALUMNICABINET, ALUMNI FUNDBOARD MEETMembers of the National AlumniFund Board and the National AlumniAssociation Cabinet were greetedwith good news when they arrived oncampus in October for their annualmeetings, sections of which were heldjointly. The good news was that theAlumni Fund set a new record in 1983-84 with income of $3,624,439.The amount exceeds the Fund'sdollar goal for 1983-84 by nearly four-teen percent and its dollar total forany year by more than $400,000, RandyHolgate, director of the Fund, told theAlumni Fund Board. In the last fiveyears, gifts to the Alumni Fund hâvegrown by almost $2 million, Holgatesaid. The Fund has grown by 4,200donors in the last five years, andalumni participation has jumped fromtwenty-seven percent to thirty-f ivepercent, she added.William B. Graham, SB'32, JD'36,has been appointed national chairmanof the Alumni Fund. He replaces thelate Emmet Dedmon, AB'39, whoheaded the Fund for twenty yearsuntil his death last year. Graham ischairman of Baxter Travenol Laboratories and has been a trustée of theUniversity since 1969. He was appointed a life trustée in 1981. CAMPAIGN PASSESThe University raised a total of$65.3 million in fiscal 1984, making itthe best year ever in its fund-raisingefforts, William Haden, vice-président for Development, told AlumniFund Board members. Included werefourteen gifts or pledges of $1 millionor more, which totalled more than$23.5 million. The total funds raisedwere $18 million more than in 1983,the previous high year.By June 30 the Campaign for theArts and Sciences had raised morethan $52 million toward its f ive-yeargoal of $150 million, Haden said.The Renewal Campaign for theUniversity Médical Center was con-cluded in March, having raised $36.5million against its goal of $35 million.The Graduate School of Businessis conducting the first capital fund-raising campaign in its history withthe thème, "Intellectual Capital for $52 MILLION MARKAmerican Business." The campaignhas raised $11.5 million toward its goalof $21.5 million.The Law School is campaigning toraise $20 million to expand its libraryfacilities and to give increased support to faculty, students, and spécialprograms. At a dinner on campus inOctober to mark the officiai beginningof the Campaign for the Law School,Howard Krane, JD'57, campaign chairman, said that $14 million has alreadybeen committed, including six gifts ofat least $1 million."The Law School has long beenrecognized as a premier center in thecountry for learning, teaching, andresearch in law," said Gerhard Casper,dean of the Law School. "We hopethat our alumni and other friends willjoin us in renewed commitment to thegoals, efforts and future accomplish-ments of the Law School." .->¦« : i_i- MOUTSTANDING TEACHERS" HONOREDAnnually the dean of the Collège asks each incoming freshman to nominate one of his orherhighschool teachers for an "Outstanding Teacher Award." Students are asked to nominate a teacherwhowas a significant influence in their intellectual life during their high school years. The dean sendseach nominee a letter, and a certificate of commendation. This year, 637 teachers were honored nation-wide. Eighty-five Chicago area high school teachers who were designated as "Outstanding Teachers"were guests at a dinner in the Quadrangle Club, foining them were forty Quantrell Award winnersfrom the Collège faculty .Park Foundation.The Présidents Fund, a majorcomponent of annual giving, raised$2.4 million in 1983-84, nearly $500,000more than in the preceding fiscal year,Holgate reported. The President'sFund is chaired by Jay Berwanger,AB'36. Membership in the President'sFund increased to a record high of 877contributors (of $1,000 or more) in-cluding 160 first-time donors. Corpo-rate matching gifts to the President'sFund also increased by twenty percent over last year's total to $218,000.Members of the Alumni Fund andthe National Alumni Association Cabinet attended workshops designed fortheir particular groups, dealing withvarious aspects of fund-raising andalumni affairs. On Friday, the twogroups met jointly to listen to a panelof students discuss life in the Collège,after which they had a barbecue lunchin the courtyard of Ida Noyés Hall.Président Gray addressed a joint session of the two groups following lunch.The groups were given a démonstration of the University's new ADDScomputer System for alumni affairsand development. John Callaway,director of the Benton FellowshipsProgram, also addressed the meeting.The Alumni Association Cabinetelected new off icers of the NationalAlumni Association. Michael L.Klowden, AB'67, was re-elected président for a two-year term. Other offi-cers elected were: first vice-président,Mary Lou Gorno, MBA'76; vice-président, Clyde P Watkins, AB'67 RuthHalloran, associate director for AlumniAffairs continues as secretary, andCarol Linné, AB'66, director of AlumniAffairs, as treasurer.FRENCHHONORDIRECTOR OFTHE PRESSMorris Philipson, AB'49, AM'52,director of the University of ChicagoPress, has become the first Americanpublisher to be named by the Frenchgovernment a Commander of theOrder of Arts and Letters. The honorwas conferred by France's Minister ofCulture, Jack Lang.The award recognizes the Press ashaving become, in the past twenty years, the première English-languagepublisher of outstanding French-lan-guage authors. It has published booksby more than three dozen Frenchauthors, including Jean-Paul Sartre,Fernand Braudel, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Jean Piaget.Philipson, who has been directorof the Press since 1967, received theaward in Paris, presented by a mem ber of the Conseil d'Etat at a cere-mony at the Palais Royal.There are three grades to theFrench Orders of Merit: Knight,Off icer, and Commander. The gradeof Commander, rarely given to for-eigners, has been awarded in récentyears to such Americans as AlexanderCalder, Martha Graham, and SaulBellow. BThis view of the new science quadrangle is look-ingsouth, from 57 th Street. The new John CrerarLibrary is to the right, with the dark red brickfaçade oftheCummings Life Science Center justvisible beyond it. The Abbott Hall arch can beseen in the rear, leadingto the University's Médical Center. Abbott Hall houses classrooms,laboratories for pharmacologie al and physio-logical research, and offices. *^Y;-**fT'• ¦ me » TO4M^4-N^R^•«•*t**siA NEW ?SCIENCE OUAO !s the builders were f inishing the lasttouches on the new John CrerarLibrary early this f ail, landscapers movedin and began laying sod and plantingtrees. Almost overnight, it seemed, therewas a brand-new quadrangle on campus,the first new one in nearly thirty years,according to Harold H. Hellman, university architect. This is the University'seighth quadrangle. The new quadrangleis bounded by 57th and 58th streets and" *•-#•* aï* Photos by Jïtfnes L. BallardEllis and Drexel avenues, and is known asthe science quad, since it is ringed almostentirely by buildings housing scientistsfrom various disciplines, and the new science library, the John Crerar Library (Formore on the Crerar Library, see Page 12.)m<In$ct. Icft) View of the fohn Crerar Librarylooking through a window at Ingleside Hall.fiïkWm*©M*rWSW il \.W>i'SiiM•nt^u. _Tâ-i— iiNr« ^ 1. Tfce /ofrn Crerar Library. 2. Lobby of theJohn Crerar Library. The sculpture, "Crystara," is byChicago artist John David Mooney. It was createdspecifically to fit the space in the three-story sky-lighted atrium. "Crystara" is made of aluminumand crystal. Each glass column is comprised offifty-seven separate hexagonal pièces, hand blown and eutaccording to Mooney's design at Waterford CrystalDesign Centre in Ireland. Waterford Crystal, Ltd.donated the time of designers and artisans, as wellas the crystal, for the sculpture.ISThe John Crerar Library, 1984 Architects: The Stubbins Associates and Loebl,Schlossman, and Hackl.UNIVERSITY OFrHirAr.OtwIAnATINIE/wlMTr-p ,Currently under construction on the northeast corner ofthe science quadrangle is the Physics Teaching Center.The $8.9 million structure will contain laboratories, lecture halls, classrooms, and offices, to be used by graduate andundergraduate students in the Physics Department. The eastélévation of the new building is pierced by punched Windowsthat écho the shape and placement of the Gothic buildingswhich are its neighbors. The west élévation has a glass-walledatrium that offers a view of the new science quadrangle. Askylighted spine runs the entire length of the building, and onthe second floor level extends to a skyway that crosses 57thstreet, to connect the building with the Research Institutes.(The Research Institutes house the Enrico Fermi Institute, theInstitute for Computer Research, the James Franck Institute, and the Computation Center. Thèse, in turn, are connected tothe Astronomy and Astrophysics Center). The terraces facingsouth hâve a System of sunscreens with insulated and opérable métal awnings, which functions as an enclosure for winter,or sun shade for summer. The various roof and terrace levelswill be used to house physics-related experiments; they willfunction as an outdoor scientific gallery. This has a historicalprécèdent at the University; Walker Muséum, one of the ear-liest buildings, was a combined classroom-museum building.On the second level of the Physics Teaching Center, the terracewill become an extension of the student/faculty lounge.In January, 1984, Hellman and the f irm of Holabird & Rootwere awarded a citation for architectural design of the PhysicsTeaching Center by Progressive Architecture magazine.The Physics Teaching Center,Spring 1985Architects: Holabird & Root3. Artist's rendering (above) of the Physics Teaching Center,as seenfrom inside the new science quadrangle. The various roofand terrace levels will be used to house physics-related experiments, and will function as an outdoor scientific gallery.4. Artist's drawing showing an aerial view of the PhysicsTeaching Center, looking northwest. The drawing shows theglass-enclosed skyway (right) which connects the new buildingwith the Research Institutes across 57th street, to the north.In the last two décades the University has erected severalnew buildings to accommodate the changing needs of itsscientists. Several of thèse buildings border the new science quadrangle, including, on the southwest corner, theCummings Life Science Center, with the John Crerar Libraryjust to the north of it. On the northwest corner of the quad isthe Whitman Laboratory; just to the east of it is the buildinghousing the Eye Research Laboratories. Anchoring the north-east corner of the quad is the new Physics Teaching Center,now in the final stages of construction. Just south of the physics Teaching Center, on the east side of the quad is the HenryHinds Laboratory for Geophysical Sciences. The southeastcorner of the quad contains the Bookstore, originally built tohouse the University of Chicago Press. On the south end of thequad is one of the oldest buildings on campus, Ingleside Hall,which now houses the University Personnel Office.Folklore has it that it takes time to build traditions. Not nec-essarily. "About an hour after the landscapers had patteddown the last bit of sod to make the new science quadrangle,students were sitting on it, eating and drinking and study-ing," observed Patricia K. Swanson, assistant director for science libraries and head of the John Crerar Library. 9 Whitman Laboratory, 1926Architect: Coolidge & H ,lgdonThe Eye Research Laboratories,1949 (Formerly the Méat Institute)Architects: Burnham & HammondPhotos by James L. BallardEast 57th StreetThe Cummings Life ScienceCenter, 1973Architects: I.W. Colburn &Associates; Schmidt, Garden& Erikson.ÎZiLUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINI: .- ;;\!TER 19851. The southwest corner of the new sciencequadrangle is anchored by the Cummings LifeScience Center with the John Crerar Librarydirectly north of it. To the south of Cummings thenew Bernard Mitchell Hospital can be seen (leftbackground, with green canopy).2. A broad view ofthe new science quadrangle,with the John Crerar Library to the west (left); TheEye Research Center to the north (center), and nextto it, the new Physics Teaching Center, under construction. On the east (right in photo) is the HenryHinds Laboratory for Geophysical Sciences.3. View of the new science quadrangle lookingnortheast. From the left is the Eye Research Center.Next to it is the new Physics Teaching Center,nearing completion. The Henry Hinds Laboratoryfor Geophysical Sciences is to the south of thePhysics Teaching Center (right in the photo). Justbeyond the Physics Teaching Center can be seenHitchcock Hall, still a dormitory, and now listedon the National Register of Historié Places. To thesouth of Hitchcock, barely visible, are the whitewalls ofthe Searle Chemistry Laboratory (1964). The massive bulk of Regenstein Library looms justbeyond Hitchcock (left in photo). The spire whichcan be seen slightly off-center (right) is HutchinsonCommons. The high-rises in the background are inHyde Park-Kenwood. Lake Michigan can be seenon the horizon.4. Looking down from the roof of the CummingsLife Science Center, one sees part of the landscap-ingfor the new science quadrangle. Ingleside Hallis to the right, in the process of being spruced up.Ingleside was built in 1897, and was originally theQuadrangle Club. It was moved to its présent sitein 1920. It now houses the University PersonnelOffice. Directly east of Ingleside (in the center ofphoto) is the bookstore, originally the home of theUniversity of Chicago Press. To the north of thebookstore (left in photo) is the Henry Hinds Laboratory for Geophysical Sciences. Beyond the bookstore can be seen the Administration Building,with Cobb Hall directly south (right) of it. Thetreetops visible beyond the AdministrationBuilding mark the main quadrangle.The Henry Hinds Laboratory for Geophysical Sciences, 1968, Architects: I. W. Colburn & Associates, Inc.HBHbJéUv* ¦¦/¦».¦ '. -¦._- - J-'.--.-¦¦-"Ht1' ' jevaai^na ! * &¦ n ^¦¦Uf/^'^Fl«^».-j«,fe ¦-¦¦¦" Wt^.hi.jàC^^B v~^tiISI "P5HCt*ftHMBBtL~^lBF^ .'j&ftjHSfcV _ J §Ê3ffll Ingleside Hall, 1897Architect: C.B. AtwoodThe Bookstore (formerly EllisHall), 1901Architects: Shepley, Rutan& Coolidges the staff of the University of Chicago Library was moving the770,000 volumes oftheJohn Crerar Library,plus the 400,000 volumes from the University's science andmédical collections, into the newCrerar building, the crew of studentshired to help pack, unpack and shelvethèse books blossomed forth witht-shirts which bore the legends: "Noskeptical trash," and "No dirty Frenchnovels."Gleefully, the moving crew hadtaken their text from the will of the lateJohn Crerar. In that document, admit-ted to probate in 1889, the wealthyindustrialist and philanthropist ear-marked funds for "the érection, créa tion, maintenance and endowment of afree public library, to be called 'TheJohn Crerar Library' and to be locatedin the City of Chicago.""I désire," he continued, "thebuilding to be tasteful, substantial, andfireproof." Furthermore, he added, "Idésire the books and periodicalsselected with a view to create and sus-tain a healthy moral and Christian sentiment in the community, and that ailnastiness and immorality be excluded.I do not mean by this that there shallnot be anything but hymn books andsermons, but I mean that dirty Frenchnovels and ail skeptical trash andworks of questionable moral tone shallnever be found in the Library."Back in 1894 Crerar's first board oftrustées, chosen by the founder him- self, sat down to consider what kind oflibrary they should establish. Theysurveyed existing libraries in thegreater Chicago area to détermine thesubjects and services which the newfacility should emphasize. The Chicago Public Library and the NewberryLibrary were already in existence.They decided to establish the JohnCrerar Library as a non-circulating référence library in science, technology,and social sciences. The John CrerarLibrary first opened its doors to thepublic on April 1, 1897 It was initiallylocated at the Marshall Field AnnexBuilding, but was later moved to abuilding at the corner of Michigan Avenue and Randolph Street. From 1962 to1984 the Crerar, which had decidedearly in the 1950s to concentrate on sci-Il lit ivr ,.I ¦ I '111138 3111*91191» H psience and technology, was located onthe campus of the Illinois Institute ofTechnology, south of the Loop, whereit remained a separate and indepen-dently governed body; the arrangements with HT were contractual. In1981, the University of Chicago trustées and the John Crerar board of direc-tors signed a légal agreement to mergethe John Crerar Library with the University's library System. The merger,which resulted in the dissolution ofCrerar as a separate independententity, is the largest merger of tworesearch libraries in American researchlibrary history, in terms of the numberof volumes involved, and the complex-ities of the governance and reorganiza-tion of the two entities.Because the University is commit- LIBRARIES IForScientists,Business,and thePublic-A StrikingNew ScienceLibrarySince 1897 the John Crerar Libraryhas been an important researchresource in Chicago. Now ensconcedin a new $22 million dollar building,and combinée with the University'smédical and science holdings,it looks to a future as distinguishedas its past.(Left) A reading room on the second floorof the John Crerar Library. A pièce of thesculpture "Crystara" can be seen at left.Beyond the window can be seen the stonearch which stands at the entry.Photos by James L. Ballardilamjn4p||s Vv.Lobby ofthe Crerar Library. Open stocks can be seen (r.) on upper floors; call desk (for the public's use) is on the first floor (r.)., , UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985Patricia Swanson, assistant director for science libraries, heads the Crerar Library.ted to the terms of the founder's will,the new science library introduces tothe University community two addi-tional groups of library users— the gênerai public and corporations. The JohnCrerar Library presently has over 200corporate and institutional members,many of which utilize the collections infurtherance of technological and business development.On November 1 Président HannaGray, the Board of Trustées, membersof the board of the former John CrerarLibrary, and guests gathered to dedi- cate the new John Crerar Library in itspermanent "substantial, fireproof"home. The $22 million John CrerarLibrary is a four-story, 160,000 square-foot building . The building's limestonefaçade is designed to blend in with thestone used in the construction of theGothic buildings on the main campus.The cost of the library included moneyfor removing existing buildings at thesite, such as the Allée Laboratoryof Animal Behavior, and relocatingthe people who used those facilities.The library was designed by architects from two firms, The Stubbins Associates, Inc. of Cambridge, MA, andLoebl, Schlossman, and Hackl, Inc. ofChicago.The new library combines the médical, science, and technological collections of the earlier Crerar Library withmost of the science and médical collections of the University Library. Thenew building's 39 miles of shelvinghâve the potential for holding 1.3 million volumes; currently, they hold900,000. The Crerar collection had over700,000 volumes, and the University'smédical and science collections—which had been distributed in severalsmaller libraries on campus— had over400,000 volumes. There was about a40% duplication of volumes, explainedPatricia K. Swanson, assistant directorfor science libraries, who is head of thenew John Crerar Library. "We culledthe duplicates out, and hâve eithersold them or will be selling them toother académie institutions," she said.Crerar's science collection is one of thelargest in the Midwest and includes27,000 rare books, including originalvolumes of Galileo and Leonardo daVinci and Audubon's oversized folio,Birds of America. For intellectualand security reasons Crerar's rarebooks are permanently located inRegenstein Library's Department ofSpécial Collections.Martin Runkle, AM'73, director ofthe University of Chicago Library,talked about some of the problemsinvolved in merging the Crerar Libraryinto the University's library System."We budgeted $1.5 million for the¦merger process, including movingmaterials. It will cost $350,000 just forthe moving company," he said. "Inaddition, we hâve had to combine twobig and old card catalogs, a very tedi-ous labor intensive project. Thatincludes the Crerar catalog and thecard catalog for our science collection.We hâve converted some records to acomputer database, but by no meansail. It would hâve been the idéal solution, and we could hâve done awaywith the card catalogs, but it justwasn't possible in the time we had.""Crerar has a long and proud tradition of serving the public at large; inde-pendent scientists and engineers whoare in small consulting firms or operat-ing their own firms; and also corporations and service organizations fromContinued on page 51(Right) The grand staircase in Regenstein,shown between the second and third floors.If being wanted and needed isa measure of one's personalworth then the staff of theUniversity's Library shouldfeel very good. Their clientèle are already there everysingle morning before Regenstein Library opens at 8:30 a. m., and hâve tobe booted out every evening, when thelibrary closes at 1:00 a. m. Daily, some7,000 people— students and faculty—pass through the doors."Our students make intensive useof this library," said Martin Runkle,AM'73, director of the University ofChicago Library. "We hâve one of thehighest per capita circulation ratesamong university libraries. We counthow many times a book is charged out.Ail university libraries keep track ofthèse things. Then you take the num-ber of students and faculty anddivide."If you were to take ail the books from the shelves of the University of ChicagoLibrary and line them up along the shoreof Lake Michigan, they would reachfrom Hyde Park almost to Manitowoc,WI, a distance of about 152 miles. That'show many miles of shelving there are inthe University's libraries.The resources of the University ofChicago Library number more thanfive million volumes and microformsand more than seven million manu-script and archivai pièces. Thèse collections support the research andinformational needs of University faculty, staff, students, others in the Chicago area, and scholars throughout theworld. More than 6,000 visitors fromoutside the University use the librarieseach year. This number will certainlyincrease with the opening of the JohnCrerar Library.To meet the needs of its users, theUniversity Library has the équivalentof about 315 full-time staff. Of thoseseventy are professional librarians.Actually, the staff roster is small com-pared to other research libraries, saidRunkle."This library has always been avery efficient library and is thought ofthat way among our peers," saidRunkle. "The other large researchlibraries look to us as some kind ofexample of efficiency. Statistics aremaintained for 120 of the largest libraries in the United States and Canada,and we rank 12th on that list in thenumber of volumes added to the collection annually, yet 38th in staff size.Part of the reason for our efficiency isthat we are very highly centralizedadministratively and physically. Ourlaw and médical libraries are part of theSystem, which is not the case in manyinstitutions. In addition, we are auto-mated to support more efficient proc-essing of materials."Most people are not aware of theresources required to maintain a majorresearch facility," said Runkle. "Typi-cally, in university libraries the break-down of the budget is somewherebetween 25% and 30% for acquisitions,and somewhere between 55% and 60%for staff, and the rest for opérations ofvarious sorts. It costs as much to proc-ess and catalog a book as it does tobuy one. Most of the materials we getare not just standard materials fromtrade publishers, they're from ail overthe world. Something like 50% of ourexpenditures for acquisitions are fromforeign countries. I did a study about seven years ago, and discovered thatsomething like 30% of the materials weadd to the library each year are in Eng-lish, and about 70% in ail of the otherlanguages of the world. I hâve no reason to think it has changed. I mentionit because it indicates the kind of staffrequired; we need a pretty high-levelstaff to deal with the variety of materials we acquire, and the difficulties weencounter in acquiring them. The bibli-ography of South America, forinstance, is very poor. It is difficult tofind out what is being published, andwhere you can get it. Actually, bibliographies in most of the underdevel-oped countries are poor. It simply hasnot been a priority of the governmentsof those countries to produce good bibliographies. Hère we hâve the NationalUnion Catalog maintained by theLibrary of Congress, which providesgood bibliographie description of mostof what is being published and printedin the United States, and we hâve avariety of other tools for finding outwhat's being published."The annual budget for the University Library is about $11 million. "About85% of that cornes from the university'sunrestricted budget, and the other 15%cornes from endowment income andother sources," Runkle explained."The library has about $3.5 million inendowment funds, but that willchange now that the John CrerarLibrary is integrated into the university library System, since that will bringadditional endowment funds. We'llprobably earmark the income from thatmoney for acquisition of science materials. Over 50% of the budget goes forsériai materials other than mono-graphs, (as librarians refer to singlebooks). Certainly in some disciplinesthe journal literature is more important than the monograph literature,particularly in the sciences."The University is somewhat at adisadvantage with the library becausewe are a relatively small university interms of student body. Most of thelibrary's income cornes from the unrestricted budget, which is primarilyfrom tuition fées. The smaller the student body the more difficult it is tomaintain an adéquate library. Itdoesn't matter if you hâve five or fiftystudents in a particular subject area,you need the same collections to service them. When it cornes to per studentexpenditure, we stand fifth or sixthamong major university libraries."it. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985¦ ;-| .' ¦(¦¦ ¦.¦ ::¦¦¦.:.;(Top, left) The entrance to RegensteinLibrary. (Below) A reading room in the LawLibrary. Through the window can be seenBurton-Judson résidence halls (left) andHarper Library (right) across the Midway.The Joseph RegensteinLibrary's massivebulk dominâtes thenorth end of campus.Opened in 1970, itsits on the site of theformer Stagg Field. (A new Stagg Fieldis located at 56th Street and CottageGrove Avenue.) "Reg," (as it is calledby its users) is the major library oncampus, and houses the largest collections, consisting of more than threemillion volumes in the humanities andsocial sciences. Ail of the libraries inthe System function under one administration, known collectively as theUniversity of Chicago Library.18 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985The Law Library's striking blackglass building is an intégral part of theLaird Bell Law Quadrangle; it sitsmajestically on the south side of theMidway. The Law Library will soonundergo a $4 million expansion andacquire a new name in the process. Theexpansion is made possible by a gift of$4 million from Chicago attorney DinoD'Angelo, AB'42, JD'44. The six-story,38,000-square-foot addition to the LawLibrary will provide space for 250,000volumes. The existing library, con-structed in 1957 is filled to capacitywith 360,000 volumes, and another75,000 volumes in its collection whichare in storage. The expanded facilitywill be called the D'Angelo LawLibrary. It will also provide additionalfaculty and administrative officespace. The addition will be sheathed inglass to harmonize architecturally withthe award-winning design of the original building by the late Eero Saarinen.The Law Library's collection of435,000 books and journals supportsthe Law School curriculum andref lects the interests of faculty and students. "We hâve a comprehensiveAnglo-American collection," saidJudith Wright, director of the LawLibrary. "We hâve ail of the primarymaterials for ail the Anglo-Americanjurisdictions, along with impressiveholdings of journals and mono-graphs." The collection also is strong incoverage of international and comparative law and in the law of the membercountries of the European économiecommunity."What makes the collection at Chicago différent from other national lawschool libraries is the historical mate-rial we hâve and the broadness of thematerial we collect," said Wright."There is a great deal of interest inlégal history hère; several faculty doresearch in légal history and offercourses in it. And we buy a lot of materials that are not strictly law materials,in économies, sociology, industrialrelations, political science and médicalethics." The Law Library offers itsusers two on-line databases forretrieval of légal citations and documents; thèse are LEXIS and WEST-LAW; there are computer terminais inseveral areas, for use by students andfaculty.Harper Library, opened in 1912 andnamed for the founding président ofthe University, William Rainey Harper,served as the University's main library until 1970, when Regenstein wasopened. By 1970, the library collectionshad long since outgrown Harper's one-million volume capacity. When Regenstein opened, Harper Library was ren-ovated and converted to a center forThe Collège. It contains classroomsand administrative offices. It alsohouses a smaller version of HarperLibrary, which maintains a collectionof 42,000 volumes to support the curriculum in The Collège. Harper alsomaintains the reserve collection forundergraduate courses in the humanities and the social sciences. HarperLibrary also encompasses the formerLaw, Business and Economies Library,on the third floor of Stuart Hall, nowequipped with built-in platforms andpillows, to provide undergraduateswith a more informai place in which tostudy. Stuart was formerly the home ofthe Law School; it is now part of theGraduate School of Business complex,with the exception of the reading room,which opens into Harper.Other libraries in the Systeminclude a chemistry library located inJones Laboratory; Eckhart Library,housed in Eckhart Hall, which contains mathematics, statistics, and computer science collections; the SocialService Administration Library; andthe Yerkes Observatory Library inWilliams Bay, Wisconsin.Some day we hopenot to hâve cardcatalogs," saidRunkle. "This fall,we hâve computerterminais availableat Regenstein and Crerar Libraries, sothat users can search the machine filesfor themselves. We hâve had machine-readable bibliographie records since1967, and we now hâve in the machinefile titles added to the library since1974. In addition, we hâve a machinerecord of ail materials on order,received and not yet cataloged. I hopethat in five years we will no longer bef iling cards in a card catalog but will beusing the information in a computerdatabase instead."Computer technology is bringingchanges to libraries, Runkle said.Indexes to literature are now stored on computerized databases, and are available on-line. To gain access to thèse,one uses a computer, a modem, andtéléphone lines. The UniversityLibrary provides access to on-linedatabases, just as it provides access toliterature indexes in print. The question of who pays for on-line searchesvaries, according to individual anddepartment."The technology may bring otherchanges," said Runkle. "One possibil-ity is the use of optical disk technology,where material will be put on diskswith the searching software. The publisher would provide one disk, andsend you an accumulated édition everymonth. We would treat that material aswe treat printed abstracts and indexes.We décide which ones the library willbuy and there is unlimited access tothem, at no extra fee. It's interesting tonote, by the way, that the printedChemical Abstracts cost $5,000 a year,but we don't charge anybody to usethat. When you do on-line searching,the database services charge you forevery single minute and every singlething you do, so the costs add up,whereas with the print index, once it isin-house there is no maintenance cost,and in most cases people can learn touse thèse and don't need as muchinstruction or help."Some librarians and informationspecialists predict that electronicmédia of various sorts will replace thebook. "I simply don't believe that,"said Runkle. "Even now there areexperiments with maintaining articlesin electronic form and printing themonly on demand. That will be donewith a few sélect materials, but the vastmajority of materials will continue tobe printed on paper. Materials in electronic form will be an add-on, just asmicrofilm was. There were prédictionsfifty years ago that microfilm wouldreplace ail the paper publications.Well, obviously, it has become justanother format that we use. I think thesame will be true of the electronicmédia."One of the continuing problems forthe library, said Runkle, is préservation. At the time we called on him, thelibrary was in the process of hiring apréservation officer, the first timethere will be a full-time person in theposition. "The préservation officerwill coordinate the efforts of préservation throughout the library," saidRunkle. "They are now administraisAn impromptu study groupholds a session in theRegenstein inner lobby.tively scattered. The most seriousproblem is détérioration of paperbecause of the high acid content. Mostof the paper produced after 1860 has avery high acid content, which interactswith the air and causes paper to be brit-tle. Something around 15% of our collection is beyond repair. If you turn apage and fold it, it cracks and it's toolate to do anything with a book when itreaches that stage. There are techniques being developed right now forde-acidfying paper, which will costanywhere from $2 to $3 a volume.Every year the problem gets worse. Weneed someone who will concentrate onthat. We hope the préservation officerwill help educate users about helpingto préserve books, too."Merely binding materials as theycorne into the library is an act of préservation. We hâve had a long standingpolicy: if it's worth cataloging, it'sworth binding. We send ordinary books to a commercial bindery. For finebinding of rare materials we shoparound and farm them out to variousconservation shops. We do hâve an in-house repair unit where we tip inpages and repair books that don't needtotal re-binding."Both Regenstein and Crerar Libraries hâve good température and humid-ity control. "Keeping the collectionphysically healthy, even in an excellentenvironment like this, is a problem. Thepaper decays in the best of conditions.We've been using the circulating volumes as the primary method for iden-tifying what should be repaired orreplaced. We try by various means toreplace the book, by filming it, if wecan't get a reprint of it. If the volumeitself is so deteriorated that it doesn'thâve ail the pages there to be filmed,usually we can get a film made in someother library. We hâve two kinds offilms. Master films are kept in a vault,"We hâve an open stack library whichmeans it is a browsing library, andI think to be effective in a university thelibrary has to be open." and reading copies are kept in the micro-form area. We would, of course, ratherreplace the volume in book form, so thatit can be circulated normally."The stacks at Regenstein and theJohn Crerar Library, as well as in several of the smaller libraries, are open,and Neil Harris, professor in theDepartment of History and the Collège, is among those who feel that it isimportant that they remain open. "Wehâve an open stack library whichmeans it is a browsing library, and Ithink to be effective in a university thelibrary has to be open," he said. "Oneof the great problems facing librariansover the next few years will be to workout a happy solution to the problem ofhandling books that are both morefragile and more valuable without lock-ing them in a safe somewhere, which isthe solution that some libraries hâveadopted. They'll get you the book thatyou ask for, but with students youhope for serendipitous discoveriesthat will continue to be made as theywork through the stacks. So it's vitalthat our library continue to hâve openstacks and lots of books."The library is a living institution.That's where the work goes on, withpeople reading things, writing, work-ing, and that's were the teaching alsogoes on. You hâve students in class fora few hours, but they spend far moreUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE /WINTER 1985Martin Runkle, AM'73, director oftheUniversity of Chicago Library. He'sshown on the main staircase atRegenstein Library.time with the texts or the researchassignments you give them. In the lastfew years my undergraduate teachinghas largely been in junior and seniorseminars, which are involved withresearch projects. You can't possiblyturn students loose to work up projectsout of their own imagination unlessyou hâve a great library."Harris feels that the library hasbeen well-maintained and responsiveto the needs of the University. "Physi-cally, it's one of the best libraries any-where that one could work in," hecommented. "The Spécial Collections(rare books and archives) are themselves a very interesting and excitingpart of the whole opération. I think thedirector of Spécial Collections, Bob Rosenthal, has a lively sensé of whathe wants to do. But costs are difficult;the librarians are not able to catalog.We hâve thousands of books that wehaven't been able to catalog; it's frus-trating but understandable. Every-thing you do means you do with something less elsewhere. The library justhas a séries of terrible alternatives. Youwant to put your money into booksrather than staff, but if you do, whocatalogs the books? The library consumes money at a pretty voraciouspace but then I think it's the heart of theinstitution. If our whole faculty weredestroyed overnight we would findthat easier to replace than our library.You can hire more people, but there'sno way you can build a five-million volume library up in any period oftime, particularly one that reflects thehistorié character of the institution. Wehâve a relatively unendowed library;unlike the old Eastern libraries, it's notrich in spécial funds for purchases. Thelast few years there has been a push tocreate endowed funds, which is verygood and important but we hâve a longway to go. With the coming of Crerar,this is one of the f inest university Systems going."If you hâve a question you can'tanswer, to whom do you turn? To a référence librarian, of course. Accordingto at least one of them, référence librarians are puzzle-solvers by nature."Everybody in référence loves todo référence work," said Regina KramShea, AM'70, head of référence services for the University Library. "I'vebeen hère 16 years and it's still fun.Work isn't supposed to be fun. Référence questions are puzzles, and I enjoysolving them. You get a satisfactionwhen someone cornes to you, not ableto find what they need, and you canhelp them. While we're tracking downthe information for patrons, we takethem with us so they can do it themselves the next time."The gênerai référence section,which contains about 20,000 volumes,occupies a large section of the firstfloor of Regenstein. Shea supervisesfour professional librarians who workat the référence desk helping studentsand faculty find the information theyneed."We're hère primarily to be of helpto the users," said Shea. "The référence department is open 64 hours aweek. The library is open 106 hours aweek, and it bothers us a great dealthat we can't offer help for ail of thosehours. We know there is a need for it attimes when we're not hère. But theUniversity's emphasis has been onpurchasing books, rather than onfancy services."Shea trained to be a référence librarian in the Graduate Library School(which is housed in Regenstein). "I likeRéférence librarians atRegenstein include ReginaKrnm Shea, AM'70, headréférence librarian {center,rear), Sandy Roskoe (center,left) and Jean Judson (fore-ground, back to caméra).iiBIMMBiBiiiiC udabbling in différent things. You need toknow ail sorts of seemingly irrelevantfacts that someday you may need torecall. It's fun to be able to retrieve thosefacts from the f iling System in your headand remember where you found them.What you learn in library school isn'tanywhere near what you need to knowto answer a lot of the questions. In référence work, on-the-job training andexpérience are very important. It's learn-ing to be suspicious, not trusting références as given, till you find what youwant. Footnotes in books aren't alwayscorrect. If a user doesn't f ind what he orshe is looking for in the card catalog, wesay, 'Well, that doesn't mean that wedon't hâve it. Let's try to verify it in another source.' That source is usuallythe National Union Catalog. If no otherlibrary reports it there, then we'll say,'There is probably some missing orincorrect bit of information hère. Let'ssee if we can find out what it is.' Most ofthe time we can find what's wrong, andthen find the book hère."There are six other référence areasin Regenstein, one on each floor."When this library was built it incorpo-rated separate departmental libraries,"explained Shea. "Many departmentsused to maintain their own libraries;they had their own staffs, and con-trolled their circulation. In designingthis building, the library staff wantedpeople to maintain some of the feeling of closeness to their research materials.So, instead of having one enormousarea, the Library chose to hâve bookson commonly related subjects near référence books in those subject areas.And it wanted staff related to thosefields nearby so they could give help.For example, on the second floor thereare référence materials for anthropol-ogy, political science, sociology, Slavicstudies and library science. Theresearch materials for thèse subjectsare in the stacks on the same floor. Bib-liographers serve as référence personson their floors; there are three bibliog-raphers on the second floor." Sheaheads the committee on référenceservices.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985Shea supervises the interlibraryloan department. "You'd think that ina library that has almost 5 million volumes you wouldn't need to use interlibrary loan much, but there are manypeople doing research hère. Oftenthey are doing research in areas thathaven't been covered before, so weborrow books for some of them fromother libraries fairly heavily. We borrow about 4,000 titles a year. Some ofthose are from the Center for ResearchLibraries, at 6050 Kenwood Avenue,south of the Midway. We are a memberof the Center, along with about 200other research libraries. The Centerbuys materials cooperatively for members, fairly expensive things that anyone of thèse research libraries wouldlike to hâve access to but would not hâve repeated use for. They hâve thelargest collection of foreign dissertations in the world, and we continuallyborrow those. We lend to other libraries as well, but we restrict our lendingto the North American continent. Wedon't hâve duplicate copies of mosttitles hère and the académie quartersare short, so if books were gone toolong our primary clientèle would notbe well served."Patricia Wilcoxen, director of circulation services, is a woman with awarm, ready smile. Having a sensé ofhumor helps, she admits, for dealingdaily with the library's users. As wementioned above, there are alwaysstudents— and sometimes faculty,too— on hand in the morning, whenthe library staff opens the doors of"Everybody in référence loves to do référence work. Référence questions are puzzles,and I enjoy solving them. You get a satisfaction when you can help." Regenstein. "That's why we hâve twosmall vestibules out in front. They cancorne into the building and wait; thereare benches there for them to sit on,"said Wilcoxen. Conversely, it is notalways easy to empty the library atclosing time. Regenstein's hours seemgenerous enough, but some studentsoccasionally find them insufficient,and disobey the warning bells andflashing lights which proclaim thatclosing hour is near. For two years,while he was doing the bulk of theresearch for his dissertation, graduatestudent Ken Cmiel was the nightwatchman at Regenstein. "I was therefrom 1:00 a. m. to 7:30 a. m., guardingWestern civilization, or the monuments thereof. Actually, although closing time is 1:00 a. m., itgenerally wouldtake until 2:00 a. m. before the librarywould be cleared out. There is a secu-rity guard who cornes through everynight at closing time, and he has towalk the whole library. There are sevenfloors in the library. I figure he walksabout three to four miles a night. He'dflush out a few people each night; thenumbers would swell and contract,m ¦ ' -Students take a break in Ex Libris, the student-run coffee shop in the basement of Regenstein Library.23John W. Boyer, AM'69,PhD'75, assistant professor in the Department ofHistory and the Collège,finds a Macintosh computerfits neatly into his facultystudy in Regenstein.depending on how close you got tofinals times."At least twice each quarter, at examtime, every one of the 2,500 seats atRegenstein is filled. Many studentsresort to sitting or lying on the floor,some spread out their papers on tablesin seminar rooms which are intendedfor group study."We're fortunate in Regenstein tohâve a variety of seating," saidWilcoxen. "There are soft chairs, orchairs that pull up to tables. Some people like soft chairs to study in, orchoose them because they want tosleep, others avoid them because theyfall asleep in them. Sometimes peopletake a chair out of the reading area andtake it back into the stacks, near thebooks they like, then they'll try to takea table from somewhere else, and wehâve to make them put them back. Thebookstacks offer a much less attractiveenvironment; there is no rug on thefloor, and it's a little chillier in the stacks (for the sake of the books) butsome people like that. We do hâvestudy tables in the stacks, to be usedfor consultation of materials when youmay be deciding what to take out of thestacks."There are 250 faculty studies in aspecially designed east wing of Regenstein. They are for use when a facultymember needs to do a great deal ofwork in the library; there is always asmall waiting list. The studies aremonastic in size and appointments,with just enough room for a desk, a chair, and a bookcase. Only a handfulhâve Windows. There are no phones inthe studies since they exist to provide aquiet, private place for people to work."We do not reveal to anyone who haswhat study," said Wilcoxen, "and weask the faculty not to tell anyone wheretheir study is located, so that there islittle traffic in that wing. In fact, someof them do reveal the location, andthere is traffic and they get complaintsfrom other faculty members. But mostof the time, it's pretty quiet in there.Once a faculty member heard strangenoises, and on investigating he f ound astudent in the men's room of the faculty study wing, practicing on histrumpet. The student figured no onewould be around to hear him."Occasionally, Wilcoxen said, students sneak in to study on the carpetedfloor in the narrow corridors in the faculty study wing, which is off-limits tothem. One faculty member tells thestory of going to her study in Regenstein one night, to find the light bulb inthe corridor had burned out. As shewalked to her study, her foot struckwhat felt like a body. She screamed. Itwas a body— but a live one. A studenthad decided the darkened corner pro-vided a convenient spot for a nap."Hopefully, the Crerar will takesome of the burden of use off of Regenstein as a place to work and study,"said Runkle. (There are 650 seats inCrerar.) "Some of that population willgo over there. At the end of each quarter, in the evening every seat in thisbuilding is full, and it's an absolutezoo. At such times, we could certainlyuse the services of a few retired per-sons to roam this building and makepeople behave."Like anything else, the pattern ofuse of the library by students varieswith individuals. Kim Shively, a sec-ond-year student in the Collège, saysshe uses the library "probably aboutfour to five days a week. I use it mostlyto write papers, or to look up items Ineed to write papers. I don't do a lot of" You'd think that in a library that has almostfive million volumes you wouldn't need touse interlibrary loan much, but we borrow4,000 titles a year."UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985studying for exams there. A lot of myfriends go to the library together, andthey'll study in groups, and they'll sitaround the same table. They don'tmake a lot of noise, but they are ailtogether, and they'll go down to ExLibris (the coffee shop in Regenstein)to take a break. I never take part inthat, because my goal in going is to getaway from other people there."Ken Cmiel, whose interest is cultural history, said, "I've used thelibrary about six days a week, for thepast six or seven years. Of course, it'sliterally impossible for someone in myfield to function without RegensteinLibrary and the resources availablethere. I'm constantly picking up thingspublished anywhere from 1820 to 1890that haven't been checked out in thepast thirty or forty years. At a publiclibrary, thèse things are very, veryrarely available."Cmiel admits that during his firstyears as a graduate student, when hewas single, he was one of the "Reg rats"who regularly adjourn to Jimmy's, afterthe library closes at night. "That kind ofthing stops once you stop taking classes,because you're actually writing a dissertation, and most people, like me, hâveother jobs that take their time.""I use the library on my days off,and at night, since I go to class andhâve a part-time job from 8:30 a. m. to 5p. m. every day," said Tim Child, a former high school teacher who is earninghis master's degree in English. "I usethe materials on the third floor, whereail the literary types hang out. I'm hav-ing a good time trying to figure outhow to use the new IBM computersthey've put in Regenstein. I use thecomputer for cross-referencing. It'sgreat. Say you want to know whatthere is on William Hazlitt's correspon-dence, so you type in his name and theword correspondence and the screenflashes ail the spécifie books on thatsubject. You don't hâve to flip throughail those cards in the catalog to findwhat you want.""The students, I think, see thelibrary as the équivalent of their student union, as well as their library,"commented Harris. "They spend theirtime there because they hâve a lot ofwork to do, but also because I think thespirit of this place is that you spendyour time at a university workingaround questions of learning, and thelibrary is the place where that hap-pens. The library is the great symbolic center of the campus, and is particu-larly jammed to overf lowing precedingexam periods. It's not purely académie;it's wanting to be where the spiritualcenter of things is, and in that way theimportance of Regenstein can't beoverstated."Wilcoxen, as director of circulationservices, oversees a staff of about 150people, most of them students whowork part-time. "When I'm being flippant I say that my responsibilities cov-er ail of the books and ail of the peoplethat go in and out of the front door,"said Wilcoxen. The entry and exit con-trol people, at the front door, areamong those who work for Wilcoxen. more, they assume it will ail be doneelectronically," said Wilcoxen. "Well,that's not practical. The gâte (whichcauses a bell to ring if someone is trying to remove a book that has not beendischarged properly) is simply anadded protection. So the exit clerkswill continue to examine outgoingmaterials, to be sure they've beenchecked out," said Wilcoxen."You never stop losing things froma library," said Howard Dillon, associate director for public services, "butwe keep trying." Dillon tempers hisexaspération with the problem by col-lecting historié examples of frustatedlibrarians' warnings to less-than-hon-Patricia Wilcoxen, head of circulation services at the University of Chicago Library."Thef t and mutilation are always prob-lems," said Runkle. "It is difficult todétermine the degree of theft, partlybecause when you hâve close to 5 million volumes any kind of regularinventory is impossible." To help dealwith the problem the library has justinstalled a $20,000 theft détection System at the front door of Regenstein,which necessitated some remodelling.A similar System was built into theCrerar Library, and one has been in useat Harper Library since 1979. "Whenpeople see the new equipment atRegenstein they think they aren'tgoing to hâve to stop for the exit clerkand hâve their things checked any- est users. Among his collection is apapal decree issued by Pope ClémentVII (1478-1534) that appears in thelibrary of the University of Salamanca,which was founded about 1230. PopeClement's decree reads:His Holiness reserves excommunication for any persons who remove,take away or in any other mannerdispose of any book, parchment, orpaper, from this Library, and theywill not be absolved until it be per-fectly restored. S—Felicia Antonelli HoltonNH*1•*.f# Wi-*asssgBibliographers unâ their spécial-ties include (cbcku>i$e, startmg .from front, center} famés N y e, SouthAsian collection; Harriet Schncor,gênerai sciences; Charles A. Heher,head of collection dvvelopmentand bibliographer for Engliskand American literature; BrendaRice, chemistry, mathematics,statistics, and computer sciences;Frank Conaway, AM'76, history,political science, and libraryscience; James K. Cheng, FarEastern collection. agit".^—mar*:LIBRARIES IIIWhatResearchWillBe"HOT"in 2084?Being a bibliographerfor a research library isan awesome task. Onechooses books andsériais not only fortoday's scholars, but forfuture générations ofscholars as well.InCairo, Muhammad, abook-seller, spends the morningprowling through rival book-stalls. His father and grand-father were booksellers before him; tradition dictâtesthat he be a scholar, as well. This morning he is on a spécial quest. He carrieswith him a list of books that he seeks forBruce Craig, bibliographer for MiddleEastern Studies at the University ofChicago Library. Craig will be com-ing to Cairo soon, and has askedMuhammad to find thèse volumes forhim. Thèse purchases will, eventually,end up on the shelves of the JosephRegenstein Library at the University ofChicago.At a university in the People 'sRepublic of China, a librarian opens apackage which has arrived from Chi cago, Illinois. It contains récent issuesof several académie journals, includingModem Philology, Molecular Biology andEvolution, and Astrophysical Journal.They are among the forty-f ive journalspublished by the University of ChicagoPress, and are sent to the universitylibrary in China by James Cheng, cura-tor of the Far Eastern Library at theUniversity of Chicago. As the librarianfurther explores the package, he smileswith pleasure. Among the books is acopy of Who's Who in the United States,1940. He is happy to hâve this long out-of-date copy, to add to his growing collection of Western référence books. Inreturn, next day he sends off a packageto Cheng, which contains several cur-rent Chinese newspapers. The periodi-cals will be placed in the proper racksin the Far Eastern Library's quarters, inRegenstein, part of the sixty-five cur-rent Chinese newspapers that this spe-cialized library offers to scholars inter-ested in the Far East. In the exchangesbetween Cheng and the Chinese librarian, no money will be passed. They arepart of several ongoing gift andexchange programs, through whichthe University of Chicago Libraryobtains materials from foreigncountries.While doing research in Brazil,Scott D. Anderson, a Ph.D. candidatePhotos by James L. Ballardin geography at the University, willmake a spécial effort to find some goodtopographie maps of the country.When he returns, he will présent themto Christopher Winters, bibliographerfor geography, anthropology, andmaps at the University Library, whohas asked him to acquire them for theMap Collection. Thèse, too, will beplaced on file in Regenstein Library, inthe Map Collection. "We ask scholarsand students who travel to keep aneye out for maps for us," explainedWinters. "It's a lot cheaper to acquiremaps that way than to purchase themthrough the major vendors."Muhammad in Cairo, the librarianat the Chinese university, and thegeography student in Brazil are butthree among the various connectionsand practices that the University ofChicago Library's bibliographersemploy in their never-ceasing quest formaterials for the collections.The library processespurchase orders forabout 40,000 items ayear. That does nottell the full story. An-nually the libraryadds about 120,000 books to its collections through a combination of pur-chases, gifts, and exchanges.Who chooses what books andmaterials will be purchased for thelibrary? The collections are developedby some twenty-five bibliographers;some are subject specialists, some arespecialists in various géographie areas,and some are language specialists.Many of the collection librariansdévote essentially their whole time tocollection development, and also provide specialized référence services.The bibliographers also get help, bothformally and informally, from faculty,in deciding what books to buy."Most of the subject areas hâve faculty committees of three, four, five, orsix faculty who meet with the bibliographer," explained Martin Runkle."But most of the collection décisionsare made by individual bibliographers.That's important for continuty, sincemost faculty members are rather nar-row in their académie interests, andthey could be concerned about theirparticular area to the détriment ofsome other areas that at this time may not be of active interest to any facultymember, but over the long haul areimportant to maintain. Bibliographersneed to see those areas and maintainthem and build on the strengths wehâve. The bibliographers are reallyvery important people, and it's important to hâve good ones."Coordinating the work of the bibliographers is Charles A. Helzer, headof collection development. "Thelibrary has an annual book budgetwhich is approaching the $3 millionmark, and the distribution of this to ailthe centers of académie activity issomething that requires some coordination," he said. "There has to be somejudgment about the distribution ofsupport throughout the library."I hâve to listen well when the bibliographers are telling me what theyneed, and I hâve to act as an intermedi-ary between them and the budget. Wehâve to establish both continuity and acapacity for responding to changes.With twenty-five individuals to workwith, an administrator's responsibilityis managing the budget in such a waythat the library is in a position at leastto talk about new needs as they arise.Sometimes they're old needs that hâvejust now surfaced, and been perceivedas new needs. As great as this collection is, it's not perfect. We do find thereare things we need to go back and buy.So at any time we can expect a bibliographer who wants to make a spécialpurchase either because of a historicaldeficiency in the collection or becausean opportunity has arisen to addanother historical strength. BobRosenthal, (AM'55) curator of theDepartment of Spécial Collections, isvery big on this. He's very opportunisme, and very alert to catch real contributions spécifie to this collection. Healways wants to be in a position to atleast be able to talk about taking advan-tage of opportunities as they arise."Helzer leans back in his chair andmuses out loud about the collectionsfrom a historic perspective. "The collections of the University libraries arevery, very strong," he said. "That's nota chauvinistic statement, that's a state-ment that everyone that has workedwith the collection over time cornes torealize, that book selectors who werearound this place long before we camedid an awfully thorough job. This library is very young. The Universityof Chicago Library system has barelybeen in existence for ninety years, and recognizably as such, I suppose, onlyabout seventy-five years. During thattime there was a great deal of workdone in building collections that wouldmake this university a center for learn-ing comparable to other great universi-ties. What you had developing was thecumulative effect of a great many individual décisions made by a lot of différent people, as to what we would putinto the library. Thèse décisions werenot random, they were systematic andbalanced, and looked at the wholeneeds of this institution. We built thiscollection for the university and for theworld of learning at large, in manyareas. There is this accretion of goodjudgment developing a collection ofalmost five million. It's a very interest-ing collection in that it has been developed predominantly for a graduateand faculty research-oriented group ofusers. So those 4.8 million volumes donot include a great number of duplica-ted copies for a large undergraduatepopulation, but individual titles. Someof the big state universities may hâvemore volumes than we hâve but theirtotal volume count includes a greatmany titles which hâve ten or twentycopies to serve their large student bod-ies. I computed our total once, and it'sabout 1.3 copies, on average. So this isan extremely diverse and cohérentcollection. Currently, with twenty-fivepeople attacking their areas of special-ization, they can work in depth and goand get material that's not immediatelyobvious, and that's what has been happening ail thèse years."Helzer is himself a bibliographer forEnglish and American literature, andfor the Harriet Monroe Collections ofmodem English and American poetry"We've recently had a gift from amember of the Library Society to buymaterials for the Monroe Collection,but choosing for that collection is difficult. It's easy enough to support as ateaching or research collection becausethere is a panthéon of establishedpoets. The question is one of selectingamong ail the competing young poets.People may recommend a few titles tome, but by and large it's a matter of myown judgment. It helps that my majorwas modem poetry. I use book reviewsheavily for modem poetry because thereview process brings people into thespotlight, and if the reviewer is niceenough to give snippets of their workin the review, and if the review is crédible in itself, I'il order that thing sight28 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985Judith M. Wright, Law Librarian, in the main reading room of the Law Library.unseen. It's a tremendous little collection; we hâve about 20,000 volumes."Being a bibliographer, Helzer ad-mits, is not quite what people mayimagine it to be. Bibliographers, hesaid, spend a lot of time reading aboutbooks, rather than dealing directlywith the books themselves. In fact,when we arrived for an interview,he was scanning his daily quota of"cards," much like Queen ElizabethII performing her duties by goingthrough her daily "boxes.""We hâve a procédure for collect-ing books which someone outside theSystem would regard as very unroman-tic," he explained. "Book buyers, oneassumes, should go out and feel thebooks, open them, read them, buy them. We can't. We do that a lot, but byand large if we did we would hâve people standing waiting for books thathâve been published to be bought andprocessed by the library. If we waiteduntil they appeared in the window of abookstore before we bought them, itwould be two to three months' delaybefore we got around to having them.We go through the cards publishedabout once a week by the Library ofCongress. Publishers are participantsin a cataloging in publication program.Before they publish a book, when it isin galley form, they will copy to theLibrary of Congress, everything butthe final pagination. The Library ofCongress catalogs thèse, and sendsthis catalog information to its own magnetic tapes. We use the magnetictapes to produce thèse cards, and thèseare divided up among the bibliographers on the basis of their classification number. I probably get around 200cards a week, which I skim through,and make choices from that, in my subject areas. On top of that we also coverthe current national bibliographies ofthe Western European countries. Weget an équivalent to the Library of Congress cards from Great Britain as wellas from a number of other countries inpamphlet form each week, and weread thèse as they corne out. Actually,it's an increasingly informed expertiseover time."In addition, there is always theélément of chance. So there is a wholebody of secondary research materialyou must watch for— documentarysources. Any government activity atany level of the government couldproduce a document that has statisticsthat could be useful, and how do youcatch thèse things? You don't alwayscatch them. Sometimes they arebrought to your attention by faculty orstudents, or you happen to catch afootnote. There is so much diversity,such détail in developing a researchcollection that there is no point, really,where you can say we've gone farenough."Frank Conaway, AM'76, the bibliographer for history, political science,and library science, is so enthusiasticabout the books he collects that if youdrop by to talk to him chances are he'llinvite you into the stacks for a look atsome of the treasures. Conaway is botha professional librarian and a histo-rian; he has a doctorate in history fromthe University of Pennsylvania. On myvisit, we ended the interview standingbefore the Congressional Sériai Set, acollection of Congressional reportsand documents from 1817-1984."Fundamentally, it's a collection ofbasic U.S. documents on every con-ceivable subject," Conaway explains,leading the way along the 1,800 feet ofshelving, containing over 15,000 volumes. "The set contains more than athird of a million individual documents. Our set is one of the best in thenation. We've been building it bit by bitsince the University opened." Some ofthe early individual pièces, Conawayexplained, corne from the collection ofSenator Stephen A. Douglas, afounder of the old University of Chicago. One of the items is the original29report of Perry's voyage to Japan, withhand-colored lithographs. Many of theitems from Congress in the 19th cen-tury are concerned with the opening ofthe west, including a great deal ofmaterial on American Indians, withmaps and charts."Our collections in American history are distinguished not only becauseof their depth but because of theirbreadth," said Conaway. "We hâve beenbuilding thèse collections enthusiasti-cally since the University opened back in1892, and in this connection we hâvehad the support of two or three veryimportant endowed funds, specificallythe Benjamin Gallup Fund and theDamon Fund. The Gallup Fund wasestablished in the 1920s and a signif icantproportion of our collections of American history hâve been purchasedthrough the income from this fund. It isa major feature in our collection program. Recently I had an opportunity topurchase for the library a large numberof volumes that the Chicago HistoricalSociety was releasing from their collections. We searched several thousandvery specialized items including, forexample, the Fourth of July oration inSalem, Massachusetts, in 1826, a four-teen-page pamphlet. Searching thèseagainst our own holdings we found wehad the vast majority of them."Generally, we spend a little lessthan fifty percent of our new materialbudget on sériais. Thèse include notonly periodicals such as the AmericanHistorical Review, and The William andMary Quarterly, but also the Revue historique de Bordeaux. Thèse are veryimportant."In addition to American historyour holdings in European history arealso distinguished, including English,Italian, German, French and Spanishhistory."Conaway's collecting duties alsocover library science, the professionalliterature dealing with the management of libraries. "Our collections inlibrary science are by far the most distinguished in this area," he said."Library science is a surprisingly tech-nical field. In addition, the collection isvery rich in the history of the book, thehistory of printing and other bookarts."Librarians, Conaway feels, are"hand-maidens to the research faculty.It's their output that is the principaloutput of the university. I think weprobably see ourselves as ancillary and supportive to this chief endeavor of theuniversity, and in this connection thenit's our responsibility to seek them outfor whatever guidance they can andwill offer. However a great deal of thework that bibliographers do isextremely intricate, detailed, and routine. For example, I daresay there is nofaculty member who would ever con-sider reading the monthly CanadianNational bibliography. It is zillions ofpages long and it's a very routine taskto scan ail this to make sure we noteany publication that would be important for us to obtain for the collections.We are concerned not only for currentresearch but also we are laying awaytreasures for the future. This is essen-tial. We cannot merely cater to researchthat is going on right at this moment,particularly in the historié and human-istic f ields and many areas of the socialsciences as well. We hâve to stock upgreat volumes of resource material sothat when the researcher does corne tothe collection, what he needs, largely,will be hère. Of course we expect thatthe researcher will always hâve to supplément our local holdings with materials spécifie to his research gathered atthe point at which he is doing it, eitherby buying things that are available orborrowing things or making xeroxes ormicrofilms. But in principle we essen-tially must be stocking away thèsematerials. For example, on any givenday, it is most remote that anyonewould need the 1926 trade statistics ofYugoslovia. But we hâve to collectthem as opportunity arises, on anongoing basis, so that if someone isdoing a long study, and that could hap-pen next week or five years from now,the materials will be hère for them.That is the kind of mission we hâve. Ingênerai, when it cornes to basicresearch materials, it is our aspirationthat when a faculty member cornes tothe collection the materials are alreadyhère for him or her. If they're not, in ameasure, we hâve fallen short. Facultyinput along the way is critical."Many scholars from outside theUniversity, some from abroad, use thecollections each year. "We hâve a number of différent programs to facilitatethe use and exploitation of this collection by scholars from elsewhere,"explained Conaway. "Sometimes visiting professors accept an appointmenthère because, in part, they want to useour collections. Because the collectionhas no challenger in size and compre- hensiveness in the metropolitan area,there is considérable demand to usethe collections hère. The administration has worked out a comparativelyelaborate program to allocate access tothèse collections to thèse other publics.For example, regular faculty at collègesand universities ipso facto hâve référence privilèges hère, or can obtainthem."Ruth Murray, the bibliographer foréducation, behavioral sciences, andsociology, invites every new facultymember in thèse disciplines to heroffice to discuss their académie inter-ests, and to make sure that ail of theirpublications are available at the University Library. She also lets graduatestudents know that she is available tohelp them. "I make a continuous effortto keep up with the breadth of thèsevarious f ields, but it is more importantto know what is going on hère at theUniversity. I hâve to be able to predictwhat will be needed and used hère inthe next few quarters, even beforemost people even know it themselves!"Murray collects over a wide spectrum,including such things as census datafrom every country in the world; text-books and other teaching materials inmany fields for the Curriculum Center; contemporary material from andabout social movements, fads and"other human excitements" for thoseat the University "who are breakingground in thèse areas." She has devel-oped a large, wide-ranging annotatedbibliography for women's researchthat is much in demand. She alsosupervises the test collection. "Wehâve a very valuable and importantcollection of tests— achievement, char-acter and personality, and intelligence— going back to the 1920s, manycovering the progressive éducationmovement," she said.As a bibliographer, James Cheng,curator of the Far Eastern Library onthe 5th floor in Regenstein, functionssomewhat like a broker as he shrewdlyorchestrâtes exchanges of Westernmaterials for materials from the FarEast, particularly with universities inthe People's Republic of China. TheChinese universities do not hâvemoney for transactions, so Chengsolves this problem by maintaining abrisk gifts and exchange program,swapping books and sériais from theWest with his counterparts in the FarEast."The Far Eastern library collects30 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985Photos by Michael Weinstein(Right, top) North Reading Room in Stuart,now part of Harper/The Collège. Itfor-merly was the Law Reading Room. (Right,below) Harper Reading room as it appearstoday. Harper Library, formerly the mainlibrary, now serves The Collègematerials in Chinese, Japanese, andKorean. Geographically we are inter-ested in China, Japan, Korea, andsome of Central Asia," explainsCheng, who is a graduate of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and acandidate for a doctorate in the University's Graduate Library School. "Wesupport the teaching and research pro-grams of two académie research units,the Department of Far Eastern Lan-guages and Civilizations, and the Center for Far Eastern Studies. We hâve tocollect in almost ail disciplines. Forexample, there are about thirty facultymembers in thirteen or fourteendepartments in the Center for Far Eastern Studies, and we collect for them.The Center has a committee on Japanese studies, and one on Chinese studies. Chinese history spans more than5,000 years."The Far Eastern Library wasstarted formally in 1936, althoughHerrlee Creel (PhB'26, AM'27, DB'38,PhD/29, the Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus)had been collecting for some timebefore that. After the second WorldWar there was a realization that Ameri-cans should learn more about Chinaand Japan. During the 1960s there wasa lot of government and foundationfunding to help build the collection.The Far Eastern collection mainly contains materials covering the socialsciences and the humanities. But wedo hâve some science materials, indexes, référence books, and history ofscience."I think our collection of Chineseclassics has been rated the best outsideof China," said Cheng. "By the classicsI mean the Chinese philosophicalthinkers of the classical period. Wehâve almost the complète éditions ofail the various works published in various dynasties; thèse cover thousandsThe Law School dominâtes the LairdBell Quadrangle on the south side of theMidway. The Law Library occupies thecenter core ofthe Law School, with facultyoffices and student reading rooms locatedon the periphery of the building.of years in Chinese history. A lot of ourbooks are in original format. We arealso very strong in history, collectedworks, local historiés of China. Thereare four major collections of Chineselocal historiés in this country— at theLibrary of Congress, Columbia, Harvard, and Chicago."In the past décade, most of ourmoney has been spent trying to build upour modem Chinese collection, espe-cially in the social sciences— political science, business, économies, sociology,anthropology, and éducation. There is ahistorical reason for this. During the1930s and 1940s there was a war betweenChina and Japan, and a lot of materialgot dispersed because of political andsocial conditions, and did not get collected, so it's very difficult to collectthem now. Fortunately, for the pasttwenty years there has been a lot ofreprint activity going on in Taiwan, andthrough that we were able to get a lot ofmaterials that were out of print, that wecould not get regularly through collec-tors or the regular channels."The Chinese collection has over260,000 volumes; it is ranked as number three in the country, (after theLibrary of Congress and Harvard.) TheJapanese collection is close to 120,000volumes; and is ranked as number fivein the country. The collection is quitefamous for literature, history, religion,art, and for bibliographies, " contin-ued Cheng. "In récent years we hâvebeen building the Japanese collection very rapidly. In addition, we hâveabout 3,000 volumes of Korean materials. And we hâve about 17,000 rolls ofmicroform materials; microfilm andmicrofiche. We hâve one of the bestcurrent sériai collections in this country. We now receive about 1,800 Chinese sériais; included in thèse areabout 1,200 from the People 's Republicof China. We concentrate on académiejournals. I think our académie journalscollection might be better than that atthe Library of Congress. We really canclaim to receive almost ail the académiejournals published by ail the majoruniversities and research organiza-tions in the People's Republic of China,Taiwan, and Hong Kong. We alsoreceive about 1,000 current periodicalsor journals from Japan as well. Wereceive about sixty-f ive Chinese newspapers, about thirty-four or forty ofthose from the People's Republic ofChina. We receive eleven Japanesenewspapers, and three or four Koreannewspapers."Cheng described his collectingmethods. "One major source isthrough book dealers. We hâve to separate China and Japan, again becauseof political reasons. For the Japanesematerials there is a very good booktrade in Japan, so we get most of ourmaterial through book dealers. Most ofthe material from Taiwan and HongKong we get from book dealers. Foralmost thirty years, most of the material from the People's Republic of China we got from book dealers inHong Kong. But starting in 1980, someorganizations in China began sellingbooks directly to us. So now we hâveagents, book dealers in Peking, Shanghai, and Canton."We hâve a very aggressive, and sofar, extremely successful gift andexchange program with libraries, university libraries, and research organizations in ail of those countries. We arelucky that the University of ChicagoPress is the largest university press inthe country, and publishes 240 newtitles each year, and especially, forty-five journals. We send what our col-leagues request, and in return, we askthem to send us Chinese or Japanesematerial, their own publications. It is,in terms of money, very difficult to cal-culate. You can say, T sent you $100worth of materials, you send me back$100 worth.' Sometimes I lose a littlebit, sometimes I gain a bit. We hâveexchange relationships with more thanthirty university libraries in the People's Republic of China, and a similarnumber in Japan, and most major universities and research organizations inTaiwan and Hong Kong. Last year weadded 12,000 volumes to our collection, about 6,000 of them Chinesematerials, and of thèse about one-thirdare through the gift and exchange program. Of the 1,200 sériai journals fromthe People's Republic of China, almost900 are through gift and exchange. Onthe average, I visit thèse institutionson an acquisition trip every year or twoyears. A lot of things in the Far Eastneed to be done on a personal relationsbasis. I don't speak Japanese, but Iknow most of the major booksellersand pay a courtesy visit whenever I amin Japan."The Japanese librarian, EizaburoOkuizumi, also makes acquisition trips32 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/W1NTER 1985to Japan every two years or so. "Wealso use our faculty who visit the FarEast from time to time," said Cheng."We ask them to keep the library inmind, and when they corne back wewill follow up on this. When vistingscholars from the Far East cornethrough, or students, I try to make contact with them, and hopefully, whenthey go back, they will follow throughand so will we."In addition to using the University of Chicago Press materials, we useduplicates. If our acquisitions depart-ments décides that we hâve old material we do not need that may be sold ordiscarded, I make arrangements withthem to give me some, especially inscience and technology. Sometimesold material turns out to be verywelcome."The Far Eastern Library uses theHarvard-Yenting classification Systemdesigned for Oriental materials whilethe main library uses the Library ofCongress classification, so the bookstacks of each are kept separate. "Butthis collection should never be consid-ered as a separate entity. We are likeone of the branches of a tree," saidCheng.Cheng proudly showed me severalcomputer terminais, and explained thatthe Far Eastern Library is about to go online— in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, andEnglish. The Research Libraries Group,Inc., in conjunction with the Library ofCongress, has developed a computerprogram that uses ail four languages."This means we can input Chinese, Japanese and Korean characters into thecomputer and retrieve them," Chengexplained. "The staff is being trained inhow to catalog the materials on the computer. So the materials from ail of thèselibraries with major East Asian collections will be on the same database. Thiswill hâve quite a tremendous impact onthe opérations of the Far Eastern collection. Before, we could af ford to be alone,because of the language specialties—now we will become part of a big family.We will be able to provide faster,cheaper, and better library service."Bruce Craig, the bibliographer forMiddle Eastern studies, is somewhatreluctant to talk about the difficultieshe and his staff hâve had, in récentyears, in trying to acquire materials in apolitically volatile area "What we do ina unit like this is quite différent fromwhat the bibliographers in other areasdo, because we hâve to get books out of an area of the world that doesn't hâvean organized book trade, and wherepolitical and military problems are thebiggest problems," he explained. "Thebibliographie controls over books areeither rudimentary, or late in beingpublished, or non-existent. Even inEgypt, which from our point of view isone of the most advanced countries wedeal with, the publication of citationsfor books deposited for copyright issomething like six or seven years latenow, which for ail practical purposesmeans that a book is out of print beforewe know about it, if we rely on thatsource of information. That's in spite ofthe fact that a national bibliographyexists in Egypt."The Middle Eastern section of thelibrary has a major responsibilty forvernacular acquisitions in Arabie, Per-sian, and Turkish, and principalresponsibility for books dealing withMiddle Eastern and Islamic studies inany language. It may be in Swahili orRussian. Now that's not to say thatother spécial bibliographers don't par-ticipate in this process, but I guess thebuck stops hère. If the Slavic languagebibliographer doesn't acquire a book inRussian on the Egyptian economy, ulti-mately it's our responsibility to do so.Our géographie area is the entireIslamic world, and that has expandedand contracted over time due to historical circumstances. At one time a largeportion of what is now Soviet CentralAsia was under the control of Iranianor Turkish Islamic confédérations andvarious dynasties. We hâve the responsibility for those periods, so it fluctuâtes. We are responsible for Israël,except that we don't hâve spécifieresponsibility for publications inHebrew; Judith Nadler does that."Our twelve-member staff is well-trained. The people who hâve responsibility for acquisitions in this departmentare ail people who hâve advanced académie training, and who hâve lived inareas of the Middle East. Furthermore,we make trips there on a regular basis, aspart of our work. Paul Sprachman, theassistant Middle East librarian has a doc-torate in Persian literature; BasimaBezirgan, a cataloger, is a native-bornIraqi. Palmira Brummett, who is a candidate for a doctorate in Ottoman historyat the University, works with Turkishand Ottoman Turkish materials for us.There is interaction usually on a dailybasis between our faculty and librarystaff. "Part of the expérience for librarians is meeting booksellers and pub-lishers and becoming familiar with thebook trade in a particular country,depending on its level of development.For instance, it can be pretty welldeveloped, as in Egypt, where thereare major publishing houses who pub-lish catalogs and are accustomed toexporting books to other parts of theworld. There is also in Egypt a usedbook marketplace, which is a littlemore primitive. Usually thèse are bookshops— or simply bookstalls — run byolder gentlemen, scholars of the oldschool, sort of 19th century booksellers. They of ten are very well-educatedand hâve a religious background.Many of thèse book shops hâve been inexistence for décades, some for générations. Periodically, I travel to Egyptand spend a month making therounds. You might develop a relation-ship with thèse people, and write let-ters and ask them to send things. Or ifyou are going to visit, you write inadvance and say, T'11 be there in Janu-ary and I'm looking for thèse particularbooks, so would you please see if anyare available in any of the bookstalls,and if they are, please buy them andsave them for me.' Of course, thisassumes a certain élément of trust andresponsibility that can only be built upover a period of time. Turkey probablyalso would fall in the same category;the book trade is pretty well organizedthere. There are some long-standingbookshops and publishers that can berelied upon and cultivated."The problem is that in some ofthèse countries the major publishersare governmental agencies, and as youare aware, some of them expériencefréquent changes of government.When the government changed inIran, some of thèse people— the publishers or booksellers— were liquidatedbecause their political points of viewwere not the prevailing ones. The lateShah of Iran exercised a certain sort ofcensorship, which is another problemwe deal with in the Middle Easternarea. When the révolution was complète and the Khomeini people camein, sadly they did the same thing, butthey proscribed différent kinds ofbooks. So certain kinds of books thatcirculated underground during theShah's régime were now available;other books that were available thenwere banned and burned and peoplewho sold them were punished. In fact,we lost a lot of contacts in Iran duringthe révolution, and we are just begin-ning to reestablish our contacts there.Fortunately, some of the people withwhom we've had long-standing rela-tionships survived, and we're gettingmaterials from there now."In some places that very recentlywere the most primitive, like SaudiArabia, the government has thrownmasses of money into higher éducation, and today that situation is com-pletely reversed. There are three orfour brand-new major universities thatwere created in a short time. Theyof ten hâve very well-thought out pro-grams. A big part of their programs hasbeen to establish university pressesand to publish scholarly books on Middle Eastern and Islamic studies. Theyaren't very good at promoting thismaterial. Sometimes a book ispublished, but put in a warehouse,and forgotten about. We found thatone way we are able to get at this material is to enter into exchange agree-ments with thèse new universities.They are anxious to build their librarieswith Western books, and are especiallyeager to hâve technical books in fieldslike medicine. We offer them bookslike that, some of them published bythe University of Chicago Press. Alsoin a large library System like ours, normal opérations yield a lot of duplicatebooks. They may corne in as bequests,and we already hâve three copies onthe shelves, so we exchange them withthèse universities. Or the University ofChicago Press journals receive booksas review copies, and then send themon to us. Periodically, those of us whohâve exchange programs review thismaterial and sélect things that wouldbe useful in our programs. Then wecan make lists of them and send themoff, say, to a Saudi university. It motivâtes them to rummage through theirwarehouse and draw up a list for us ofeverything that's there, so we cansélect from it. There are still countriesin the Arab world like Yemen, forinstance, where there are a few bookspublished by one sort of research bodyor another each year. I mean the number of scholarly books published insuch a country is perhaps ten or twelveannually, with the exception of government bulletins. There is no systematicway to keep informed about thèse publications. Again, we dépend upon ahighly individual and idiosyncraticnetwork of personal acquaintances in the area, and on our people who doresearch in the area, or travel thereperiodically, to report to us."Lebanon, of course, is a mess,politically and militarily, but from abibliographie point of view, Lebanon isstill one of the easier places for us todeal with in terms of acquiring materials. It was one of the few countries inthe Middle East that had no censorshipm/$Mi ION ILC084-B166 Caul«(. .ÎUORecord 1 of 1 - SAVE recordKf h mm y m mm mm- - mim &m^ mm • <p® xit **uitseas . mmn n983iS, 6, 373 p. : ÎI1. ; .19 cm. - (ft-^ft fPIc Mft Ms *?X '«» <*2&ff ; S|2ti>i. Chinese prose literature--28th century. I, fg fjR. II. Stries.RSNs Chg 245 490 Del 490 830 Add 448 Enh 788LCCN; 841I978S/ACNL.C. CALL NO: PL2623.F45 1983IBi 1LC084-B166 CC: 9118 DCF: a (CJK)The Far Eastern Library, as a member of the Research Libraries Group, can now catalogits books online in four languages — Chinese, English, Japanese, and Korean. On the computer screen above a Chinese title has been entered. The title in English is Thunderstormand Meditating.of any kind. Often what couldn't bepublished in a place like Egypt waspublished in Lebanon, and smuggledback into Egypt. Every Arab countrywhich had a major stake in publishingwould hâve an officiai bookseller inBeirut that would market their publications there. The Lebanese, being goodbusinessmen, knew how to promoteand market books, and since therewere no currency restrictions it was afree market. Also, in many of the Arabcountries where the économies werecontrolled it meant you could repatri-ate the profits back home because youcould convert them into a currencythat was useful to you, so Lebanon wasreally the center of publishing andbook-selling throughout the Arabworld. In spite of ail the destructionthat has gone on there, books are stillbeing published in Lebanon and wecan still get materials from there rela-tively easily. One reason for this is thatwe hâve an agent there. Rather, he's anindependent bookseller who wastrained in the United States. He was my colleague at the University of Mich-igan, where he was a graduate student, and he worked in the librarythere, as a cataloger. He has been anexporter of books to the U.S. andEurope for fifteen years now. So he isour principal source of Lebanese andSyrian publicatons, and some fromother Arab countries. As long as hesurvives, we'll get material from Lebanon. He also searches for rare books onthe used book market constantly forus. We get a list of books from himabout every six weeks. We sélect thosewe wish to hâve and send him anorder. During the past six or sevenyears we've never been sure what willcorne through. When this booksellersends a list, he can't be sure it will gethère, so over a period of two weeks hesends us several copies of the same list.Sooner or later one of them arriveshère. Then, we can never be sure ourorder will reach him. So we send several copies over a period of two weeks.It has been a miracle that his warehouse has survived ail this carnage;14 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985he's never lost anything, he tells me.When the postal service in Lebanon isnot functioning at full capacity theyhâve a régulation that they'll take firstclass mail only, because they can't han-dle the volume of other things. Thismeans that packages hâve to be mailedfirst class if they will be accepted at ail.The expense would be prohibitive.Because our supplier has a large number of customers in North America andEurope, he found that he could charteran airplane when he had a sufficientnumber of packages to be shipped out,and fly them to Cyprus where theycould be processed through the Cyp-riot post office and then mailed. Or hecould rent a boat to take materials toCyprus."Craig is well acquainted with therégion he covers as a bibliographer. Hestudied Arabie as an undergraduate atPortland State University in Oregon,eamed an M. A. in Oriental studies atPrinceton University and an M. A. inlibrary science at the University ofMichigan. He also spent a year doingadvanced studies in Arabie at theAmerican University in Cairo, andlater taught Islamic History there."The Middle Eastern collection atthe University is one of the old-timers,one of the original American collections," he said. "It was originally partof the Oriental Institute and the University actually was the first in NorthAmerica to hire a professional librarianto oversee the development of its Middle Eastern collections. The firstappointment of a librarian in the Oriental Institute was in 1924. The leadingMiddle Eastern collections in NorthAmerica are at Harvard, Princeton,and Chicago. Currently, we collectabout 8,000 books annually, in the Middle Eastern vernaculars. That doesn'tinclude any of the Western languagematerial we collect, or the sériai publications. Many people from the MiddleEast corne hère to use our collection.We hâve approximately a quarter of amillion bibliographie items, in ail lan-guages." The Middle Eastern collection ranges from microfilms of 12th-century Persian manuscripts tomodem Iranian revolutionary posters.The collection includes 52,000 volumesin Arabie, 31,000 volumes in Persian,and 24,000 volumes in Turkish. Thecollection is exceptionally strong inclassical belles lettres, philosophy, law,and the social sciences, as well as inmodem Arabie, Persian, and Turkish literature. It also has audiocassettes ofmodem Iranian political propaganda,a collection of modem Iranian text-books, Egyptian movies, and a photographie archive.Kathleen Zar, who is head of référence and subject services for the JohnCrerar Library, recently relinquishedcollecting in the social sciences to focuson collecting in the geophysical sciences, the history of science, and someof the technology areas that are notcovered by the other sciences. Collecting for the physical and biological sciences, she found, differs somewhatfrom collecting for the social sciencesand the humanities. "Collecting forthe sciences is weighted to sériai publications, much more so than in thehumanities," she commented. "Scien-tists are concerned with publishingfrequently, and with getting theirinformation out where it appears asfast as possible. They try to advanceknowledge in small incréments, andthat is what a journal is designed to do,to communicate quickly, in a formai yetrapid way. The book tends to serve inthe sciences as a reflection or sometimes as a collection of those incréments, although differently in différent parts of the sciences. Geologistsof ten prefer to accumulate informationand publish it. Biological scientistsseem to try to do state-of-the-art sum-maries; they don't expect their mono-graphs to last more than a few years,where a geologist expects his mono-graph to stand for a while."Scientific monographs and sériais are the most expensive literatureyou can buy. The average price foreven a textbook in the sciences isbetween $30 and $50. For a researchmonograph that has a very small audience, $150 is not an unusual price.Within the sciences, in medicine espe-cially, the cost of materials is very high;physics and chemistry materials followclose behind. For example, the Chemical Abstracts or Biological Abstracts arebetween $3,000 and $5,000 for annualsubscriptions. Chemical and BiologicalAbstracts are the major indexing toolsin the hard sciences and the life sciences. Some of the science journalscost as much as $2,000 a year for anannual subscription."In collecting for the sciences, saidZar, the bibliographer is primarily looking at contemporary materials. "You'recollecting from either the U.S., or Cana-dian or Western European publica tions," she explained, "because that'swhere the researchers are. For médicalscience, you look at the U.S. and Western European materials; for chemistryyou look at the Russian literature, alongwithGerman, U.S., and English materials. In geology the Soviet Unionprésents some problems, because someof the notions that we've corne to accept,such as plate tectonics and continentaldrift, are still not accepted there as theforces that hâve shaped the earththrough time. You hâve to be very muchaware of what bias has gone into publication, when you are looking at the various publications."The University Library annuallyacquires about 1,000 new books inSlavic studies. Vaclav Laska, AM'64,AM'72, the bibliographer for Slavicstudies, and his assistant, HalynaPankiw, AM'53, AM'66, carry onexchanges with thirty-five East European and Soviet libraries. "The Sovietsand satellite countries respond best tofast action on the part of Westernlibrarians; they prefer to interact withlibraries equipped to send them materials immediately. Luckily, we are con-sidered to be one of the most efficientof their partners in exchanges," saidPankiw. "We and the Soviets hâvesomewhat différent emphases in ourcollecting from each other," she said."We are interested in very old books,and they are interested only in thenewest publications; they are particularly interested in scientific works.Perhaps they can't afford the rétrospective, in their collecting."It is 2 a. m. The security officerwho has the chore of walkingthe seven floors of Regenstein that night rests for amoment, taking a seat next tothe night guard at the frontdoor. He nods a pleasant "Goodnight" to a few students — whom hehas flushed out of the stacks— as theyhold their briefeases or bookbags openfor the guard's inspection, then passthrough the checkout gâte. One suspects that Muhammad, in Cairo, theuniversity librarian in the People'sRepublic of China, and the bookdealerloading packages onto a hired airplanein Lebanon, would enjoy the sight.H—Felicia Antonelli Holton35Challenging CertainMyths About the"Hutchins" CollègeAt a two-day symposiumon the legacy of RobertMaynard Hutchins, thedean of the Collègetraced the history of theCollège curriculum.By Donald N. LevineFifty-five years ago this monthRobert Maynard Hutchins was in-augurated as the f if th président of TheUniversity of Chicago. In that capacityhe directed enormous transformationsin the organization of the University'swork. He overcame our feudal Systemof some forty autonomous depart-ments in the arts and sciences facultiesby creating five broad divisions, eachheaded by a dean. He substantiallyexpanded our research capabilities inthe areas of the physical sciences andmedicine. He helped generate a number of distinctive multidisciplinarydegree-granting committees in thehumanities and the social sciences. Hestimulated intense intellectual debatethroughout the University community.And— by no means least— he presidedover the establishment of a program ofundergraduate éducation of suchexceptional quality and renown that itbecame famous throughout the land asthe Hutchins Collège.It is this last feat that we are assem-bled hère to celebrate at this symposium designed to consider the legacyof Robert Maynard Hutchins and itsrelevance to the future of libéral éduca tion at Chicago. I hope you share mysensé that it would not be just to payhomage to the memory of such a one asPrésident Hutchins by mère verbalpieties and tokens of uncritical révérence. But first, let me express somecritical révérence by way of a critique ofcertain notions about the Hutchins legacy. I wish to challenge certain myths —and I use the word myth in the old-fashioned, péjorative sensé of theterm— about the Hutchins Collège. Ibegin by discounting the notion thatthere ever was such a thing as theHutchins Collège. What the facultyand deans of the Collège in fact pro-duced during the Hutchins presidencywere two markedly distinct collegiateprograms. Thèse programs differed intheir organization, student constituen-cies, and educational objectives. Thefirst Hutchins Collège, institutedunder Dean Chauncy Boucher as the"New Plan" in 1931 and continued ineffect until 1942, was a two-year program of gênerai éducation designedfor high-school graduâtes. It consistedof four one-year introductory gêneraicourses in each of the four divisionalf ields (the ancestor of today's commoncore), a year-long course in Englishcomposition, a second year of work intwo of the four divisional fields, andthe satisfaction of basic requirementsin mathematics and foreign language.Students were to fulfill ail thèserequirements by taking comprehen-sive examinations, after which theyreceived a certif icate or, later, an Associate of Arts degree.In 1942 another new plan for theCollège was instituted under thedecanal direction of Clarence Faust.Where the 1931 Collège program fea- tured a two-year curriculum, compris-ing seven comprehensive examinations (plus math and language), com-pleted with the award of an Associateof Arts degree, the 1942 program consisted of a four-year curriculum, com-prising fourteen comprehensive examinations, completed with the award ofa Bachelor of Arts degree. Whereas the1931 program was devised for highschool graduâtes, the 1942 programwas devised for students who hadcompleted lOth grade. It sought toproduce a single integrated curriculumfor the last two years of high schooland the first two of collège. Andwhereas the key educational principlebehind the 1931 curriculum was that oforientation to broad fields of knowledge through gênerai survey courses,the principle behind the 1942 curriculum was conceived explicitly in con-trast to that. It was to lead studentsthrough séquences of exemplary expériences in various disciplines so thatthey systematically developed certainidentifiable kinds of intellectual compétence. So there really never was a single"Hutchins Collège." There were tworadically distinct Collège structureshère, what might more properly bereferred to as Hutchins Collège I andHutchins Collège II, and keen antago-nism between proponents of the twoaccounted for a major line of cleavageamong the faculty during the middleyears of the Hutchins presidency.The second myth I want to challenge is the notion that Hutchins hadterribly much to do with the characterof either of the undergraduate programs instituted during his presidency. The fact of the matter is that vir-tually ail the ideas that went into themaking of what I've called the firstHutchins Collège were developed bymembers of the University faculty inthe mid-1920s and set forth in a reportto the University Senate in May 1928.That is to say, before Hutchins hadbeen appointed président hère andprobably before he had begun to giveany thought at ail to the problems ofundergraduate éducation, our faculty,under Dean Boucher's leadership, hadevolved a set of ideas that included thesubstitution of comprehensive examinations for the System of mechanicalcounting of course crédits; the substitution of broadly conceived gêneraisurvey courses for the standard de-partmental introductory courses; thecréation of a Board of Examiners inde-36 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M AGAZINE/WINTER 1985pendent of the faculty teaching thèsecourses; and the idea that studentsshould proceed through collège on thebasis of the level of understandingthey attained rather than the amountof time they spent registered incourses.And what of the second HutchinsCollège, that which gestated duringthe deanship of Aaron Brumbaugh andcame to fruition under the deanship ofClarence Faust and F. Champion Ward?Although this program came intobeing during a time when Hutchinswas in fact actively concerned with theproblems of undergraduate éducation,it cannot be said that either of its keyfeatures — early entrance, and sequen-tial work in the disciplines— bore apeculiarly Hutchins stamp. AlthoughHutchins emerged as a strong advo-cate of the plan to start collège workafter two years of high school, this ideahad already been recommended inPrésident Burton's report of a Commission on the Future of the Collèges in1924. That report in turn drew on avision set forth by expérimental educa-tors back in the 1890s— what becameknown as the "6-4-4 plan," a plan closeto what William Rainey Harper haddreamed of when he called for an in-tegrated junior collège curriculumclosely tied to the last two years of highschool.The 1924 Commission report alsoarticulated what became the key peda-gogical principle of the secondHutchins Collège: the emphasis ondeveloping intellectual compétencesthrough exemplary expériences in thedisciplines. In asking the Collège to domore than it then did to produce "menand women of assured mental graspand power and broad culture," the1924 Report had specified three typesof power that the stage of secondaryéducation, from 7th grade through thejunior collège, should strive toproduce: the power to think indepen-dently, the power of aesthetic appréciation, and the power of independentmoral functioning. Although Hutchinshad also used a rhetoric of powers,albeit one limited to the intellectualarts, when defining his vision of thegênerai éducation curriculum in the1930s, the curricular approach he advo-cated was a course of study organizedaround encounters with the greatestbooks of the Western world. Yet thiscurricular principle was forcefullyrejected by the Collège faculty, so that Donald N. Levine, AB'50, AM/54, PhD'57,dean of the Collègeits key proponents— Stringfellow Barrand Scott Buchanan— had to repair toSt. John's Collège in Annapolis to institute what really was a Hutchins Collège. The Chicago Collèges underHutchins's presidency in truth are farmore aptly named after their real architects— the Boucher Collège, from 1931to 1942, and the Faust-McKeon-Schwab(-Shils-Northrop-Ward-Riesman-McNeill) Collège, from 1942 to the early1950s.Now that I hâve disabused you ofthe notion that there really ever wassuch a thing as the Hutchins Collègeat Chicago, let me go on to say: well,yes, of course there was a HutchinsCollège. There was a Hutchins Collège because without Hutchins in thepresidency, it is hard to imagine howthe Collèges devised by Boucher,Brumbaugh, Faust, and Ward and theircolleagues could ever hâve corne intobeing. Reuben Frodin was surely rightwhen he wrote, nearly thirty-fiveyears ago, that one group of the facultywere "keenly aware that Hutchins'leadership and ideas .... made possible a Collège within, and of, The University of Chicago in which a programof gênerai éducation could be developed; it is this group which, stimula-ted by him to work out a meaningfulprogram, has built the Collège."Hutchins' leadership and ideas,that is to say, in the less felicitous language of a sociologist, that what madethe Hutchins Collège possible was,first, the administrative support andpolitical protection he gave it, and second, the symbolic légitimation andarticulation of its mission that heprovided.It was Président Hutchins who, forthe first time in Chicago's history, established the Collège as a separatedivision of the University. He established it as a separate division with itsown dean and a spécifie mission: "todo the work of the University in gênerai higher éducation." It was Président Hutchins who saw to it that, forthe first time, the Collège had its ownbudget. It was Hutchins, too, whomade it possible for the Collège to con-trol its own curriculum; to recruit itsown faculty; and eventually — to grantits own degrees.But it was not merely political andéconomie resources that were neededto make the Collèges of 1931 and 1942.They required no less the ringingassertion of an idéal claim, needed towithstand the moral pressure of a localculture that valued nothing so much asspecialized research and a national culture that valued nothing so much asnarrowly utilitarian training and socialadjustment skills; and that claim wasthat the cultivation of the human mindis a supremely worthy task and one forwhose prosecution a great universitybears a spécial responsibility. Hutchinsrailed against the universities of hisday because they presented themselves either as "rather ineffectuaitrade schools or as places where niceboys and girls hâve a nice time underthe supervision of nice men andwomen in a nice environment." Herailed against the élective System thatoffered students a smorgasboard ofchoices because it assumed that nothing is more important than anythingelse, that there can be no order ofgoods and no order in the intellectualrealm. Under such conditions, heargued, "the course of study goes topièces because there is nothing to holdit together. Triviality, mediocrity, andvocationalism take it over because wehâve no standard by which to judgethem." He railed against what hecalled the cuits of skepticism, presen-tism, scientism, and anti-intellectual-ism because they sold short the poten-tialities of human reason and thusobstructed what he felt was the self-evident task of gênerai éducation: "totrain the mind for intelligent action."Yes, there was a Hutchins Collège,because no sooner did Hutchins leavethe University than the key éléments ofthe collèges that had taken shapeunder his leadership began to witheraway. Without the protection he af-forded them, one by one, most of thegreat staff-taught gênerai éducation37A Quixotic Interest in EducationRobert Maynard Hutchins "did notsee this university as a restful place.He cherished it as a center of indepen-dent thought and criticism," EdwardH. Levi, PhB'32, JD'35, présidentemeritus and the Glen A. Lloyd Distinguished Service Professor in the LawSchool, told a dinner audience in IdaNoyés Hall on November 2. The dinnerwas the centerpiece of a two-day symposium sponsored by the VisitingCommittee to the Collège on the legacyof Robert Maynard Hutchins and thefuture of libéral éducation at Chicago.(Hutchins served as président andthen chancellor from 1929-1951.) "Hesaw it as a place where 'représentatives of the great intellectual disciplines and their students came together in a common effort to understandwhat light an intellectual communitycan shed on the major problems of modem man.' He cherished this universityas a place of discovery and leaming, andone in which rethinking was constantlytaking place. He assigned to himself therôle of helping to keep that processgoing, and in doing this he probablymade this the most exciting intellectualinstitution of its time," said Levi.courses that developed during his ten-ure were dissolved. The independentBoard of Examiners was disbanded.The comprehensive examinations as asubstitute for course crédits disap-peared. The custom of carefully con-structed course syllabi vanished. Thenotion of sequential work in the disciplines faded away. And the lynch-pinof the Faust-Ward Collège, whichHutchins cherished so much— theawarding ofthe B. A. after a program ofgênerai éducation coextensive with theold junior collège— was pulled out.Why did the Hutchins Collège notsurvive, when it had so much going forit in the way of enthusiastic studentsupport, the national acclaim of educa-tors, and a devoted teaching faculty?That is a complicated question which Ishall answer hère, first, by citing onlyone of several factors— and then by dis-crediting the question altogether.The factor I shall adduce is the Speakers at the dinner, besidesLevi, included Président Hanna H.Gray, Vesta S. Hutchins, Hart Perry,AM/40, trustée and chairman of theHutchins Fund Committee, F. Champion Ward, who served as dean of theCollège from 1947 to 1953, Stanford J.Goldblatt, X'58, trustée and chairman ofthe Visiting Committee to the Collège,and Donald Levine, AB'50, AM'54,PhD'57, dean of the Collège."Bob always looked to not repeatingthe past," Vesta Hutchins said of her lateVesta S. Hutchinsstark massive fact of the incommen-surability of a local 6-4-4 plan of schoolorganization with a deeply institui-tionalized national scheme of 8-4-4.However logical the case, howeversterling the académie results of a bac-calaureate program based on the lasttwo years of high school and the twoyears of junior collège, it could not survive indefinitely when ail other institutions in our educational Systeminsisted on a four-year high school curriculum and a four-year collège.Punkt.But to tie the idea of the HutchinsCollège to the early entrance, 14-com-prehensive B.A. program is to committhe fallacy of misplaced commitment.For Hutchins always insisted that thenotions he advanced, or the Collège herepresented, did not constitute the onlyway to carry out a defensible collègeprogram. He insisted only that adefensible collège program meant one husband, "You honor his memory bystriking out in fresh directions for theinstitution he Ioved so much."The symposium, held in Swift Hall,celebrated the completion of "Project1984: Design Issues," which was a year-long effort to think in fresh ways aboutthe purposes and forms of libéral leaming at Chicago. Nearly one hundred faculty members and dozens of studentstook part in Project 1984 through anarray of task forces. Reports of theirdélibérations formed the subject for discussion at a three-day conférence on theCollège curriculum held in September atStarved Rock State Park, Ottawa, Illinois. Participants in the November symposium heard brief reports from facultyand student participants in the StarvedRock meeting. Alumni, members of theVisiting Committee, and students ailtook to the microphone to comment onthe reports. (The Magazine will give areport on Project 1984 in a future issue.)Project 1984 was the first effortsponsored by the newly establishedRobert Maynard Hutchins MémorialFund. The Hutchins Fund drive is partof the University's $150 million Campaign for the Arts and Sciences. Incomethat could somehow be rationallydefended. While we are challengingmyths about the Hutchins era, let uslay to rest once and for ail the notionthat Hutchins was a rigid, narrow dog-matist. His primary concern was to geta good conversation started — sincehow we educate the young may be themost important question that civilizedpeople face, it should form the subjectof a great and continuing public dialogue— and his enduring plaint waschiefly that there were so few partners to join in the conversation. WhatHutchins sought, as he expressed it in1953 in The University of Utopia, was tomake "the considération of philosoph-ical diversity the primary concern ofeducational philosophy."So, to my mind, the core idea of theHutchins Collège was formulated inthat statement he presented to theAmerican Council of Education in1942, right on the eve of the Faust-38 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985from the increased endowment will beused to support faculty initiativesrelated to the College's curriculum andteaching and to finance conférences onlibéral éducation.F. Champion Ward told the dinneraudience: "In looking back at theHutchins era and attempting to charac-terize the Hutchins legacy with whichwe are concerned tonight, I now risksome loss of credibility by quoting theMaroon. Not long after Hutchins left theUniversity, in the midst of the meleeoccasioned by the normalization of theCollège, he returned to Chicago brief lyand was quoted by the Maroon as saying'The question is whether to hâve a program or just let it go.' Ten years later, onthe occasion of Hutchins' sixty-fifthbirthday, I tried to draw this distinctionat somewhat greater length. Morosely, Ideplored what I called 'the peculiar mixture of shallowness and volatility whichmarks the discussion and practice oféducation in America' and complainedthat 'in mid-century, conformity is stillpreferred to agreement; tasks areundertaken before they are defined;ideas are forgotten before they aretested; problems are replaced beforethey are solved; and battles are lostwhich never were joined. Hutchins' dissent from this tradition made the University of Chicago uniquely interestingand strenuous. Declining the acceptedWard Collège. The Collège, he said,"must resolutely face the question ofwhat is important and what not. It can-not teach everything that any studentthinks he would like to hear about orthat any teacher thinks he would liketo talk about. It cannot pile course oncourse . . . . It must set up clear andcompréhensible goals for its studentsto reach. It must articulate its courses,squeezing out waste, water, and duplication. It cannot tolerate éducation bythe adding machine, that System bywhich we mark the intellectualprogress of the young by the arithmeti-cal averages they hâve achieved on amedley of miscellaneous courses ....More than ail the collège that wishes tosolve the problem how to develop andadminister a libéral éducation musthâve a faculty devoted to this task."I interpret this to mean, as I hâvealready suggested, that the irreducibleessence of the Hutchins Collège was presidential rôle of gregarious référée,he retained to the end of his tenure aquixotic interest in éducation. Heinsisted upon the potential importanceof éducation to the achievement of suchnational goals as the proper exercise ofcitizenship and the right uses of leisureand freedom. He had a tenacious beliefthat educational ideas should be statedsharply and pursued doggedly untiltheir powers and limitations were plainfor ail to see. And he seemed to feelguilty when swimming downstream.'"Hutchins' insistence on not just'letting it go' was felt in many parts ofthe University, but my own recollectionscenter in the University's attempt in theHutchins era to give sharp and clear définition to the collegiate function as distinct from the purposes of the manydepartments, schools, and instituteswhich surround a university collège.Looking back on what is now called 'theHutchins Collège,' I believe that whatgave that collège its spécial intensity forboth students and faculty was its uni-tary character, its dérivation from a single ruling idea of what a gênerai, higheréducation should be."The degree to which the HutchinsCollège was imbued with a ruling educational idea was nearly unique amongthe collèges of its time, nor do thereappear to be successors to the collège onthe présent national scène .... Givenfirst, a constitutional arrangementwhereby certain political and f inancialresources are specifically designatedfor carrying out the mission of the Collège, and, second, where its faculty isexpected to make considered requirements about a course of study and toengage themselves in thoughtfulreflection about those requirements. Ifthat is so, then the Hutchins Collègedid not die; it has continued to appearsince Président Hutchins left; and it iswith us hère today.The idea of securing spécial powers for the administration of the Collège was revived under then ProvostEdward Levi, who led the Universityto institute a governing Collège Coun-cil and a set of masters and faculty governing committees for the severalCollegiate Divisions. The idea was fur-ther revitalized by Président HannaGray, who established the Committeeon the Reorganization of the Collège Maynard Hutchins Mémorial Fund Committeethis familiar state of affairs in the nation,it is bracing to find the présent collègefaculty, at its September retreat this f ail,asking the most searching questionsabout the organization and conduct oflibéral, undergraduate éducation. Onceagain, it is this university which seemsprepared to re-examine the collegiatefunction and then try to realize in practice the implications of that enquiry. Pre-sumptuous as it is to try to speak forHutchins, I can't help concluding thatthe collège faculty's current attempt tohâve a program and not just 'let it go'would hâve earned his respectfulapplause, hère in this rememberingcompany of his colleagues, admirers,and friends."with a charge to specify new ways tostrengthen the Collège as a self-gov-erning division.The point of such self-govemanceis to find ways to recruit and rewardsuperior teachers. It is also to payproper attention to the courses ofstudy followed by our students. Bycreating the Robert Maynard HutchinsMémorial Fund, Président Gray hassought to establish an endowment thatwould help us pursue both of thoseobjectives.And now to report on certain deedsof practical piety. Project 1984 was thefirst project to be sponsored by thenew Hutchins Mémorial Fund. Itrepresented an effort to hold fast theassumptions of the Hutchins Collègethat the Collège must hâve a responsi-ble faculty charged to realize a distinc-tive mission in the provision of libéralContinued on page 5139CLASS NEWS"I ^ Fridelle Newberger, X'12, of Chi-1Z. cago, is retired after 50 years in thepublishing field. She writes that the Maga-zine's récent articles on the University ofChicago Press brought back fond memoriesof her 10 years there (1910-20) as a proof-reader, copy editor, and editor.14 Abraham Himmelblau, PhB'14, is 92years old and lives in Chicago.1 fT Rose Nath Desser, PhB'17, hasJ_/ served in civic and philanthropieagencies in Los Angeles; she works as a vol-unteer in the Los Angeles County MuséumofArt.D. Jérôme Fisher, SB'17, SM'20,PhD'22, of Phoenix, AZ, and his wife cele-brated their 65th wedding anniversary.Stanley Scott, DB17, of Edmonton,Alberta, attended the Rhodes ScholarReunion at Oxford University in June, 1983.He says he is the fourth oldest livingRhodes Scholar.1 Q Katherine R. Garner, SB '19, SM'20,\Sy is 88 and lives in Winnetka, IL.Charles C. Greene, PhB'19, JD'21, is 87and lives in Chicago.Cari S. Lloyd, LLB'20, PhB'26, of Winnetka, IL, is a member of the law firm ofKirkland and Ellis, Chicago.r}'1 Fred H. Bartlit, PhB'21, JD'23, of^_ _L Flossmoor, IL, has his law office inhis home. He has been married for 61 years,has two sons, five grandchildren and twogreat-grandchildren.Katherine Sisson Jensen, PhB'21,AM'38, of Chicago, is active in church andstate and is attending Court Théâtre at theUniversity for the third year and loving it.OO Aima Prucha Belknap, SB'23, isj^\D enjoying life at Fairhaven Retire-ment Home in Whitewater, WI. She writesthat she is "forgetting some things, butremembering vividly my University daysand the life at Drexel House (now gone)."Samuel M. Berg, SB'23, lives in Skokie,IL, and spends his winters in Phoenix, AZ.Three of his four children hâve earneddegrees at the University.Félix M. Buoscio, PhB'23, JD'25, isretired after serving 20 years as a judge ofthe Circuit Court of Cook County, Chicagof) A Harold A. Anderson, PhB'24,Z-TI. AM'26, associate professor emeri-tus in the Department of Education, lives inNorthbrook, IL.An annual lectureship in public administration has been established at the University of Missouri in honor of Martin L. Faust,PhD'24, who taught political science therefor 38 years. He writes that his years at Chicago were among the best and happiest ofhis life. Joséphine Walker Granquist, PhB'24,is 81 and lives in El Paso, TX.Miriam Hardlaw Orr, PhB'24, lives inComo, MS, in the two-story Victorianhouse in which she was born. She was 80 inOctober.Alice Park, SB'24, of Washington, DC,has had a revised édition of her book abouthistorical genealogy published.Clairmont A. Ruff, SB'24, of Chicago,writes that he is feeling well for an old-timer.**% C Helen U. Bibas, PhB'25, of Chicago,Z—^J is 82 years old and attends privateart classes.David F. Costello, SM'25, PhD'34, ofFort Collins, CO, retired from universityteaching for the U.S. Forest Service. He iswriting his tenth book and gives lectures onwriting techniques.Edwina Meaney Lewis, PhB'25, AM'37lives in a retirement home in Chicago whereshe has met other UC alumni.Erroll W. Rauson, MD'25, is a boardmember of the Washington division of theWashington Academy of Family Practiceand the ACS. He is a senior honorary lifemember of the King County Médical Society, Seattle, WA.O/l Walter Fainman, PhB'26, lives inZJO New York City.Vida Broadbent Wentz, PhB'26, SM'27MD'35, was honored at Chicago Child-ren's Mémorial Hospital for 35 years of service. Last year she spent three weeks inAntarctica.O'T Agnes Dunaway, PhB'27, AM'34,L— J teaches Spanish to senior citizens inChicago.Helen Palmer Sonderby, PhB'27, is avolunteer at Mitchell Hospital at the University. Her husband, Max E. Sonderby,PhB'30, publishes the Illinois Jury VerdictReport.^O Léo R. Brown, SB'28, MD'35, is inZ—C? gênerai practice in Merrillville, IN.Helen Cunningham, AM'28, is anactive volunteer worker in Waukegan, IL.Elmer Gertz, PhB'28, JD'30, is a member of the Society of Midland Authors andwas awarded the Friends of MidlandAuthors Annual Award for a distinguishedbody of work.Bowling Green State University in Ohiohas named its new éducation building auditorium in honor of Théodore J. Jenson,PhB'28, the school's former dean. Jensonlives in Leesburg, FL.Arnold E. Ross, SB'28, SM'29, PhD'31,is professor emeritus of mathematics atOhio State University. He received an honorary doctor of science degree from Deni-son University, Granville, OH.Ed Lee Stone, X'28, of Union City, TN, writes, "I hâve had a good life, much ofwhich I attribute to my year at the University of Chicago."Nat C. Weinfeld, PhB'28, lives in theRancho Bernardo area of San Diego and hasbeen retired since 1970.?} Q Rose Levitas, SB'29, lives in Colum-£*S bus, MS, after teaching in the Chicago Public Schools for 45 years.Laura Kyes McCrory, PhB'29, of WestFargo, ND, works with the Christian Wom-en's Club and the Lutheran Social Seniorsof North Dakota.Mortimer V. Masure, SB'29, SM'30, isaninvestment manager for Ledler Corp., Bur-bank, CA.OH Eleanor A. Davis, PhB'30, AM'38,\J\J directs a senior citizens' choir andother senior citizens' groups in Elmhurst,IL.James Rutter, PhB'30, works in thesecurities business with the fiim ofFitzgerald, De Arman and Roberts, Tulsa,OK.Elise R. Schweich, PhB'30, received theSt. Louis 1984 Mayor's Award for the Arts.The award was in honor of her establishment of the "Springboard To Learning"program, which brings the arts and cultureof many nations to school childrenthroughout St. Louis.Robert S. Shane, SB'30, PhD'33, wasawarded the Margaret Dana Award "foroutstanding service to the development ofvoluntary consumer standards" by theAmerican Society of Testing and Materials.He is a consultant in Wynnewood, PA, spe-cializing in technology transfer.Q"1 Simon H. Bauer, PhB'31, PhD'35,^J _L spent a semester in Japan earlier thisyear as the first foreign adjunct professor atthe Institute for Molecular Science in Oka-zaki, Japan. He investigates the kinetics offast reactions at Cornell University, Ithaca,NY,.Arthur R. Cahill, PhB'31 and JeannetteSmith Cahill, PhB'32, of Branson, MO, cel-ebrated their 50th wedding anniversary inSeptember.Gertrude Huebsch Gendel, PhB'31, is avolunteer with Retired Senior VolunteerProgram, participating in various organizations in Chicago.Constance Trulli Konell, AM'31,taught for 39 years in Chicago public highschools. She is 89 years old and lives inWheaton, IL.Morris I. Leibman, PhB'31, JD'33, is apartner in the Chicago law firm of Sidleyand Austin and is chairman of the American Bar Association Standing Committeeon Law and the National Security AdvisoryCouncil. He is also a trustée of MichaelReese Médical Center and on the board ofdirectors of USO of Chicago.411 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MACAZINE/WINTER 1985Photos by Charles G. BloomFAMILY ALBUM-'85Estelle Palonis Mueller, AB'42; Laura Mueller, AM'84; Elsie Frank. (Back row) Gilbert Bassett, MBA'68; Barbara Bassett; GilbertBassett, ]r. (Front row) Robert Bassett, MBA'84; Jean Bassett.(Back row) John T. Venard, MBA'78; Mark Venard. (Front row)Mary Venard; Stefanie Lyn Venard, AB'84, Lara Venard. (Back row) Oscar Davis; Elizabeth Davis; James Brunner. (Frontrow) Lena Davis; Doris Koller Davis, PhB'48, AM'75; Susan DavisBrunner, AB'77; Karie Davis, MAT'84.Ann Grodzins Gold, AB'75, AM'78, PhD'84; Daniel R. Gold,AM'76, PhD'82; Ruth Maimon Grodzins, AB'38. Lillian Marion Bugarewicz Morris; Timothy Morris, AM'76,PhD'84; John W. Morris, Jr., PhB'48.Lillian Burwell Lewis, SM'31, PhD'46,is professor emerita of zoology at Winston-Salem State University, NCHoward B. Weaver, MD'31, who retiredin June, delivered more than 10,700 babiessince he began his médical practice in Can ton, OH. He was featured in an article inThe Repository, the Canton paper.OO Gabriel Almond; PhB'32, PhD'38,\J^ is professor emeritus of political science at Stanford University. Ruth Rosenthal Aronberg, AM'32, ofSt. Louis, interviews prospective studentsfor the Collège for the Alumni SchoolsCommittee.Jeanette Smith Cahill, PhB'32. See1931, Arthur Cahill.Ernestine M. J. Long, SM'32, assists inmonitoring the desegregation of St. Louisschools and was cited for her work with ele-mentary grades.Isabel Shapera Marblestone, PhB'32,does volunteer tutoring and testing in theHouston public school System.Kenneth C. Prince, PhB'32, JD'40, isprésident of the Chicago Bar Foundation.He lives in Glencoe, IL.Edwill H. Pritchard, AM'32, retired asprésident of Western Materials Company.He lives in Upper Arlington, OH.Pauline Shockey, AM'32, is 88 years oldand lives in Derby, KS.O Q Gertrude Rolston Baldwin, PhB'33,V_/\-J wants "to go on record as to complète satisfaction with the 50th reunion fes-tivities and the alumni weekend in June,1983."Eleanor Spivak Barnard, PhB'33, ofWinnetka, IL, is président of Elbar Associates, a public relations firm. She is a member of the American Bar Association Advi-sory Commission to a spécial committee onyouth éducation for citizenship, and is amember of the Illinois State Bar Associationcommittee on public éducation about lawand a member of the executive board of theConstitutional Profits Foundation.John W. Brooks, PhB'33, lives in Chicago and enjoys golfing.Constance C. Frank, PhB'33, AM'39,lives in Downers Grove, IL.Harold E. Hunziker, PhB'33, of Niles,MI, received an honorary membership citation from the National Landscape Nursery-man's Association, which he helped foundin 1939.Laura Cook Janas, PhB'33, JD'35,retired from law practice and lives inBaden, Austria.Lorraine Lee Larson, X'33, of Chilton,WI, has worked in the field of child welfare.Herman E. Reis, Jr., SB'33, PhD'36,returned from the University of Paris,where he had a five-month grant from theFrench government to demonstrate mono-layer-transfer and électron-microscopetechniques for the study of biomembranestructure.Geneviève Beaty Roberts, SB'33, ofNorthlake, IL, served as président of theboard of managers of the Family Care Services of Métro Chicago.Ruth Oliver Secord, SB'33, AM'46, ofChicago, writes that she toured China,Hong Kong, and Tokyo.Erik Wahlgren, PhB'33, PhD'38, movedto Seattle where he is finishing a book onViking exploration in North America. Heparticipated in a télévision documentaryMyth America, which is broadcast in theUnited Kingdom.Sidney Weinhouse, SB'33, PhD'36,received an honorary degree of doctor ofscience from Thomas Jefferson UniversitySchool of Medicine in Philadelphia.Harvey O. Werner, PhD'34, compilesthermocouple data for an office of theNebraska Institute of Agriculture and Natu-ral Resources, Lincoln. ^ÏA Lynton K. Caldwell, PhB'34,\^}^t PhD'43, is beginning "full-time productive research" after retiring as professor and environnmental policy analyst atIndiana University. He has made many contributions to environmental policy development and assisted former Président JimmyCarter in launching the "second environ-mental décade."Clifford J. Hynning, AB'34, AM'38,lives at the Cosmos Club in Washington,DC, where he is "litigating the constitutional rights of civil service employées." Heis also writing on The Communist Conspiracythat Almost Succeeded—in the US Treasury.Edna W. McCloud, SB'34, SM'45, is aretired Chicago high school teacher.OC Thomas H. Coulter, AM'35, has<J\J been active in business in the Chicago area for 50 years. He is a director of theChicago-Tokyo Bank and chairman of theadvisory board of Boyden Associates.Max Davidson, AB'35, JD'37, is managing director of the East Bank Club in Chicago. He recalls that 50 years ago he wonthe Big Ten Conférence tennis champion-ship in both singles and doubles for men.J. Henry Gienapp, AM'35, of Milwau-kee, retired after teaching 50 years at Con-cordia Collège, Mequon, WI.Virgil R Puzzo, AB'35, AM'37 of DesPlaines, IL, is looking forward to his 50threunion in June.Cornelia M. Roberts, AM'35, of Grays-lake, IL, attended the 1984 Olympic Games.She had attended the 1932 games.Marie Molloy Robertson,AB'35, has re-married and lives in Spring Hill, FL. She isretired from the Aurora, IL, public schoolswhere she taught first grade.Bernard R. Shapiro, SB'35, is 70 andlives in Northbrook, IL.Q /T Robert F. Baldaste, SB'36, lives in\J\J Lincolnshire, IL, after retiring fromStandard Oil Co. (Indiana).B. Robert Bobsend, AB'36, MBA 39, ofItasca, IL, enjoys gardening and followingthe Cubs.Wayland D. Hand, PhD'36, has developed the Archive of American Folk Medicine,a division of the UCLA Center for the Studyof Comparative Folklore and Mythology.LaVon Thompson Hoefle-William,X'36, married John William of Lethridge,Alberta, Canada in the summer of 1983.FloreneC. Kelly, SM'36, PhD'43, is professor emerita of microbiology at the University of Oklahoma Collège of Medicine,Oklahoma City.Marion M. Mitchell, AB'36, AM'59, ofChicago, is a board member of the IllinoisWelfare Association, and a member of theStatewide Organizations Committee, Illinois Commission on Children.William H. Weaver, AB'36, lives inHinsdale, IL.ry~J Paul Chandler Hume, X'37, is pro-\J l f essor of fine arts and director oftheGlee Club at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. He is the récipient of George- town's President's Medal and Award forUniversity Service.WilburT. Reese, AM'37, of Springf ield,IL, retired from his dental practice and isinvolved in helping several charities.Thomas E. Riha, AB'37, of Geneva, IL,retired as vice-président and script directorof Coronet Films of Chicago.M. Jonathan Turner, SM'37, of Belle-vue, WA, retired after 33 years in engineering with Boeing Aircrafts.Béatrice Cherimpes Weedman, AB'37retired from teaching French at KokomoHigh School, Kokomo, IN.James L. Whittenberger, SB'37, MD'38,of Newport Beach, CA, is académie admin-istrator and professor-in-residence at theUniversity of California Médical School inIrvine and at the University of CaliforniaSchool of Public Health in Los Angeles.QO Catherine Funey Coughlan, AB'38,\30 of Glencoe, IL, reports that daugh-ter Anne is a professor at the University ofRochester, NY, and daughter Ellen had ason, Anthony, in February.Robert E. Cusack, AB'38, is a judge inthe Circuit Court of Cook County, Chicago.His daughter, Ellin, is a freshman in theCollège.Elizabeth Butler Green, AB'38, ofLongmont, CO, edits material for facultymembers at Colorodo State University.Elizabeth Jeffords, PhB'38, of ColoradoSprings, CO, is studying history at the University of Colorado.Ernest M. Klemme, AB'38, MBA'39, ofChicago, is spending the winter in India.Ellis B. Kohs, AM'38, has producedtwo new musical compositions, "SubjectCases" and "Men", for narrator and percussion. The former was performed at theSchoenberg Institute in Los Angeles in1982, and the latter was premiered at theUniversity of Southern California in LosAngeles last year. He has also written abook, Musical Composition.Clarence C. Lushbaugh, SB'38,PhD'42, MD'48, is chief of radiation medicine of the médical and health sciences division of the Oak Park Associated Universities, Oak Park, TN.Kathleen Nelson, X'38, of Joplin, MO,retired after 30 years in international educational programs administered by theDepartment of Education.Hildegaard B. Richardson, X'38, ofArlington Heights, IL, is a customer servicereprésentative for Tektronix, Inc., an elec-tronics company. She writes, "Ohms, voltage and leadwidth are a long way from mymajors, Latin and Greek."Murray Senkus, PhD'38, has resumedscientific work in research and development under the International ExecutiveService Corps auspices in Indonesia.QQ Bernard Adinoff, SB'39, PhD'43,<J y lives in Thousand Oaks, CA, afterretiring from Rockwell International inSouthfield, MI.Sherman E Corwin, AB'39, ]D'41, ofGlencoe, IL, is chairman of the professionalUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZ1NE/WINTER 1985advisory committee for charitable giving ofthe Jewish Fédération of Metropolitan Chicago.Julius E. Eitington, AB'39, AM'40,became président of Innovative TrainingConcepts, Rockville, MD, after directingtraining for BNA Communications Inc.David S. Logan, AB'39, JD'41, of Chicago, is chairman of both the artists in résidence panel and the artists division panel ofthe Illinois Arts Council.Eugène Olshansky, SM'39, of Chicago,has retired from Science Products. The gar-den chemical manufacturing firm whichhe founded 40 years ago, (a direct resuit ofhis master's research under Dr. FrankWestheimer), was acquired by a unit of AlcoStandard Corporation in 1983.Erwin A. Salk, AB'39, AM'41, of Evan-ston, IL, delivered proclamations from Illinois Governor James Thompson and Chicago Mayor Harold Washington to theNeedham Research Institute at CambridgeUniversity, England. The proclamationsemphasize the close relationshjps betweenChicago and the People's Republic ofChina.Charles E. Scott, AM'39, is secretary ofthe St. Louis Council on EnvironmentalHealth and Safety.Ralph C. Witcraft, SB'39, has workedfor 10 years with the San Diego MentalHealth Department. He is a World War IIvétéran, and worked as a fédéral civil servant until 1973.Vern L. Zech, MD'39, is retired but continues to provide pathology service to asmall hospital in Bull Shoals, AR.ZJ.fl Miriam Shafmayer Baker, AB'40,TTv/ and her husband, Albert Baker, willcelebrate their 42nd anniversary in Colum-bia, MO. She is looking forward to her 45thclass reunion.Hugh D. Bennett, SB'40, MD'42, ofArdmore, PA, received the 1984 GoldenApple Award from Hahnemann University,Philadelphia, where he is professor of medicine and associate dean of students.David B. Clark, PhD'40, MD'46, is professor of neurology at the University ofKentucky Collège of Medicine and chief ofneurological services at the VétéransAdministration Médical Center in Lexing-ton, KY. He was elected to membership inthe Society of Scholars at the John HopkinsUniversity.After 41 years on the faculty of the University of Chicago, Chauncy D. Harris,PhD'40, retired in 1984, as the Samuel N.Harper Distinguished Service Professor ofGeography Emeritus.Jeannette Hills, AM'40, won a folkloreprize for her thesis, "Children's Games of1560 by Peter Bruegel." She lives in retire-ment in Country Club Hills, IL, after 46years of teaching German.Annette Laufer Miller, AB'40, retiredafter 19 years as a médical psychiatrie socialworker at the Veteran's AdministrationMédical Center in Batavia, NY She lives inMiami Beach, FL.William C. Rogers, AB'40, AM'41, PhD'43, has retired from the University ofMinnesota and will be a full-time consultantto the World Affairs Center and the Minnesota International Center in Minneapolis.J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr., SB'40, SM'41,PhD'42, has been named an Argonne Fel-low at the Argonne National Laboratory inArgonne, IL./[*\ Zdenka Buben, AM'41, is 89 yearsjl JL old and lives in Los Angeles.Helen G. Charley, SM'41, of Carlisle,IN, retired in 1974 as professor emerita offoods and nutrition at Oregon State University. She is the author of Food Science andFood Study Manual.John C. Gerber, PhD'41, a retired professor of English at the State University ofNew York at Albany, received the University Foundation's 1984 Académie LauréateAward, the University Award for Excellencein Académie Service, and a citation fromthe New York State Senate. He lives in IowaCity, IA.Jeanne Lazarus Shane, SB'41, hasretired as a reading specialist and is a consultant in Wynnewood, PA.Angeline Cocco Sutherland, MBA'41,of Des Moines, IA, has retired from the CityCollèges of Chicago.James B. Whitlow, AM'41, was namedan officer in the Order of Académie Palmsfor contributions to French culture. Heteaches French at the University of NewOrléans.A*") William E. Siri, SB'42, of Berkeley,TC^_ CA, received an EnvironmentalAward from the East Bay Régional Park District, Oakland, CA, where he was a memberof the district's task force on végétationmanagement. He is an honorary vice-président of the Sierra Club.^Q Barbara Reece Anderson, PhB'43,^tv_/ SB'44, lives in San Francisco, andwrites, "I miss Chicago friends and familybut not the weather!"William Self, AB'43, became présidentof CBS Theatrical Films in 1982. He isresponsible for ail theatrical motion pic-tures planned by CBS. He is a trustée of theMotion Picture and Télévision Fund, amember of the board of directors of the JohnTracy Clinic, and a member of the Academyof Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and theDirectors Guild of America.A A Barbara Rohrke Gudmundson,JL J. X'44, of Minneapolis is présidentand principal ecologist of EcosystemResearch Service and was nominated for aFulbright Senior Research Grant to set up adiatom study collection for Iceland.Maurice R. Hilleman, PhD'44, receiveda Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundationaward from the American Collège of Physi-cians for his innovative work in vaccinedevelopment and other contributions tovirology and micrology. He is senior vice-président of Merck Sharp & DohmeResearch Laboratories, West Point, PA.Richard D. Simon, MD'44, of Walla Walla, WA, retired from the private practiceof pediatrics in 1983./4 C In October, The Rev. Pius J. Barth,T!\J PhD'45, travelled to the Vatican inconnection with his work as vice-postulatorof the béatification cause of the VénérableServant of God, Mother Maria MaddalenaBentivoblio, O.S.C. (1834-1905), Founder ofthe Poor Clares in the US and Canada.Robert L. Beyer, AM'45, received hisTh.D. from the Lutheran School of Theol-ogy, Glenview, IL, and is a C.EA. in privatepractice.Mimi Gantz Connorton, AB'45, hasmoved from Cincinnati to Brookline, MA.Charles P Schwartz Jr., AB'45, of OakBrook, IL, is président of Champion PartsRebuilders, Inc. He was honored atNorthwood Institute's annual AutomotiveReplacement Education Awards breakfast.Margaret Sheets, AM'45, has retired ashead of the English department at FriendsSelect School in Philadelphia.A£L B. Everard Blanchard, AM'46, pres-^tvv ident of Villa Educational ResearchAssociates, Bloomingdale, IL, is an educational consultant. Her article, "Indicia forImproving Teaching Efficiency," willappear in the March, 1985, issue of ScientiaPaedagogica Experimentalis.Idell Lovitz Feldstein, PhB'46, AB'64,AM'69, has launched her own communication consultant firm, Idell Feldstein andCompany, in Chicago.Robert W. Hawks, PhD'46, retired fromthe University of Florida AgriculturalResearch and Education Center in LakeAlfred, FL.Virginia M. Ohlson, SB'46, AM'55,PhD'69, retired from the faculty of the University of Illinois Collège of Nursing, whereshe was head of the department of publichealth nursing and assistant dean for international studies.Carolyn Reid, SB'46, of Northbrook,OK, retired in June after 25 years of teaching elementary school.A^J Hayden Carruth, AM'47, is the 1984^t/ poet-in-residence at Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA. He is the author of22 books.Joseph G. Dawson, AM'47, PhD'49,professor emeritus of psychology at Louisi-ana State University, Bâton Rouge, LA, wasawarded an LL. D. by Notre Dame Semi-nary in New Orléans. He is a science director in the U.S.P.H.S. reserve and director ofDawson Psychological Associates in BâtonRouge.Fanchon Aungst Frohlich, PhB'47, hasexhibited some of her art with groups inParis, New York, Amsterdam, Tokyo, andKyoto, Japan. She studied sumi painting inKyoto where she wrote on the philosophyof art and philosophy of biology. She liveswith her husband in Liverpool, England.Robert R. Zimmerman, MBA'47, wasappointed senior vice-président of Schon-berg Associates, Inc., in Cincinnati afterserving as senior vice-président of human43resources and organization planning ofCentral Bancorporation.A two-week workshop on active galaxies was held at the University of California,Santa Cruz in honor of Donald E.Osterbrock, PhB'48, SB'48, PhD'52.AQ Thomas Payne, AM'48, PhD'51,jlvD received the Distinguished ServiceAward from the University of Montana,Missoula, where he has been professor ofpolitical science since 1951.William A. Pryor, PhB'48, SB'51, ofBâton Rouge, LA, received the SouthernChemist Medal from the American Chemical Society. His 18th book, Free Radicals inBiology, was published this year.Donald Tull, SB'48, MBA'49, PhD'56, aprofessor of marketing at the University ofOregon, Eugène, received a Fulbright fel-lowship for research and teaching abroad.He will be a visiting professor at the University of Bath in England, at the NorthwestInterinstitutional Council on Study Abroadin Cologne, West Germany, and at the University of Cologne.AQ Cari A. Dragstedt, AB'49, of^t y Orlando, FL, has been admitted tothe Orange County Athletic Hall of Faméand has received awards from the CollègeSwimming Coaches Association and theFlorida High School Activities Associationfor sports writing.Richard L. Hood, SB'49, MBA'55,retired from the administrative servicesdivision of the U . S . Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., and lives in Alex-andria, VA.Daniel E. Koshland, Jr., PhD'49, is thenew editor of Science magazine. He wasappointed by the American Association forthe Advancement of Science. He is professor of biochemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and is chairman of theeditorial board of the Proceedings of theNational Academy of Sciences. His principal areas of research are in the régulationand control of enzyme activity and the biochemistry of sensory Systems.D. Bruce Merrifield, SM'49, PhD'54, isassistant secretary for productivity, technology, and innovation for the Departmentof Commerce and has been named to theexternal advisory board of the Center ofTechnology and Policy in Washington, DC.Irma Ramos de Ferrer Revilla, AM'49,retired as director of the Medicaid programs in Hato Rey, PR.tir\ Jules Corbett, SB'50, retired as pro-\J\J fessor emeritus of biology fromRoosevelt University, Chicago. He writesthat retirement will give him time to expandon his theory of cancer cell activity.Laurence Kaufman, AB'50, AM'53, ofEvanston, IL, has been named présidentand chief operating officer of Stral Adver-tising Company, Inc., Chicago.Mary Newsome, AB'50, graduatedfrom the Chicago Institute for Psychoanaly-sis in September.Vernon W. Ruttan, AM'50, PhD'52, of St. Paul, professor of agricultural andapplied économies at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, was awarded theAlexander von Humboldt Award for 1984.He is also an adjunct professor at theHubert H. Humphrey Institute of PublicAffairs.Ward E. Sisler, AM'50, received thehighest honorary récognition given to civil-ian employées of the Défense LogisticsAgency, when he retired after 35 years offédéral service. He lives in Morris, IL.Kirby Smith, AB'50, is a member of theadjunct faculty at the Collège of Health andPhysical Education and is associate directorof Biokinetics Research Laboratories atTemple University, Philadelphia. He is alsofounder and co-director of ICANS, Inc., ahealth maintenance facility in Abington,PA.Elias Snitzer, SM'50, PhD'53, of WestHartford, CT, was named a fellow of theAmerican Ceramic Society. He is a researchfellow at Polaroid Corp., Cambridge, MA.C'1 William R. Bushnell, AB'51, is a US\J JL Department of Agriculture plantphysiologist in St. Paul, MN, and hasreceived a Senior US Scientist Award fromthe Alexander von Humbolt Foundation,Bonn, West Germany. He is adjunct professor in the department of plant pathology inthe Agriculture Department.George Horwich, AM'51, PhD'54, ofSilver Spring, MD, is on leave from the économies department of Purdue University,Lafayette, IN, and works as a spécial assistant for contingency planning with theDepartment of Energy.CO Arnold M. Katz, AB'52, of Far-\J J-. mington, CT, was elected collègegovernor for Connecticut by the AmericanCollège of Cardiology's Board of Trustées.He is professor of medicine and head of thecardiology division at the University ofConnecticut Health Center at John Demp-sey Hospital, Farmington.M. Barry Kirschenbaum, AB'52, SB'54,MD'57 of Skokie, IL, was elected secretaryof the Chicago Dermatological Society andto the advisory board council of the American Academy of Dermatology.Dorothy K. Powers, SM'52, is first vice-président of the League of Women Voters ofthe United States. She is on the board ofdirectors and chairs the finance committeefor the national League. She also chairs thehospital rate setting commission for theNew Jersey state government.Peggy Pepper Schrier, AM'52, of Stanford, CA, travelled through Europe andvisited Israël with her husband last year.John A. Winget, PhD'52, retired after34 years of teaching at the University ofCincinnati.CO Ross F. Firestone, AB'53, SB'56,\J\J MBA'65, has been appointed manager of ceramic and glass technology at L. J.Broutman & Associates in Chicago. He willdirect forensic science investigations andconduct contract research and develop ment for government and industry.Joseph F Josephson, AB'53, of Anchor-age, AK, married Virginia McKinney in1983. Josephson is a member of the AlaskaState Senate and lectures on government atAlaska Pacific University.Richard W. Saxe, AM'53, PhD'64,received the Coopérative Professor-of-the-Year award from the American Association ofSchool Administrators. In connection withthe award, he was assigned to Washington,DC, earlier this year to work on educationalprojects. He lives in Toledo, OH.^.A Bernard J. Del Giorno, AB'54,C/TI AB'55, of Chicago, was elected atrustée of the international fraternity of PhiGamma Delta.Bert Z. Goodwin, AB'54, JD'57, hasbeen in Japan on a Fulbright teachingassignment in law since April.Gladys Engel Lang, PhD'54, is professor of sociology and political science at theState University of New York, Stony Brook,and will be professor of communications inthe Collège of Arts and Sciences.George K. Romoser, AM'54, PhD'58, ofEliot, ME, held the chair in political scienceat the University of Mannheim, West Germany, in 1982-83. He has returned to hisregular position as professor of political science at the University of New Hampshire.He is also a fellow at the Center for European Studies at Harvard University.Clyde Curry Smith, DB'54, AM'61,PhD'68, chaired a session of the biennialmeeting of the North American PatristicsSociety held last year at Loyola Universityin Chicago, where he read his paper on"The Archaeological Evidence for the Ori-gins of Christianity in Britain".C CZ Lawrence R. Jef fery, SM'55, of Way-c/\w/ land, MA, a 25-year vétéran of theMITRE Corporation, Bedford, MA, hasbegun a two-year stint as chairman of theMilitary Communications (MILCOM) Conférence Board. He also was elected to athree-year term on the Board of Governorsof the Institute of Electrical and ElectronicsEngineers' Communications Society.Gwen LeBost Shook, AM'55, retiredafter 31 years of elementary school teaching. She is listed in World's Who's Who ofWomen, and Who's Who of American Women.C /l Adrienne Keller Abelman, AB'56,^J\J married Murry Marks. She is manager of human resources at COBE Laboratories in Lakewood, CO.M. Bertha Brandt, SM'56, has movedfrom Chicago to Salem, OR.Glenn H. Hoffman, AB'56, AB'57,MBA'58, of Prairie Village, KS, joined thenational property tax consulting firm ofTenenbaum Hill Associates, Inc., KansasCity, KS, as a vice-président of marketingsales.F. N. Karmatz, AM'56, is in the US, onleave from Queensland Institute of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, doing researchin communication.Fred H. Rothschild, MBA'56, of Skokie,44 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ WINTER 1985IL, attended the Million Dollar Round TableLife Insurance Association gathering inNew York City.Arthur J. Weitzman, AB'56, AM'57,married Catherine Ezell in August, 1982.He has entries in Who's Who in America, 1982-83 and Who's Who in the East, 1981-82, 1982-83.C'y L. K. Bishop, MBA'57, lives in Colo-\J / rado Springs, CO.(Mary) Alzina Stone Dale, AM'57, ofChicago, wrote an introduction for DorothySayers' comedy, Love AU. She lectures onSayers and G. K. Chesterton at Universityof Toledo, Bowling Green University, andthe University of Notre Dame.Jan Martan, SB'57, SM'60, professor inthe department of zoology at the SouthernIllinois University, Carbondale, was one ofthree people cited for SIU's 1984 AmocoFoundation Outstanding Teacher Awards.Each of the winners received $700, and a$200 travel grant. Martan is a specialist inthe reproductive biology of vertebrates.CO SeymourM.Hersh, AB'58, ofWash-\_/0 ington, D.C., was awarded theAnnual Distinguished Service Award fromthe Chicago area chapter of Phi Beta Kappa.Robert H. Puckett, AM'58, PhD'61,professor of political science at IndianaState University, Terre Haute, has beenappointed to the Indiana Advisory Committee of the US Commission on CivilRights.Wendell Rosse, MD'58, of Durham,NC, was named to the Charles E. CulpeperAward for his work in hematology at theBoston University School of Medicine. Heis associate médical director of the transfusion service at Duke University MédicalCenter in Durham and is also a FlorenceMcAlister Professor of Medicine, chief ofthe division of hematology-oncology, andprofessor of immunology in the microbiol-ogy department.James A. Survis, MD'58, has moved toSaint John, New Brunswick, Canada,where he works as a pathologist at the SaintJohn Régional Hospital.CQ Montague Brown, AB'59, MBA'60,\J y of Shawnee Mission, KS, was pre-sented with the first Alumni LeadershipAward from the department of health policy and administration, University of NorthCarolina. He is the président of StratégieManagement Services, Inc., a private consultant on strategy and organization, and apracticing attorney.Bernice Kleinfall, AM'59, retired after28 years of teaching at St. Anne's School ofNursing, Chicago. She was honored withthe Claude D. Pepper Senior AchievementAward in récognition of her contributionsto the work place.Joseph L. Sax, JD'59, of Ann Arbor, MI,received the William O. Douglas Awardfrom the Sierra Club.G. Edward Schuh, AM'59, PhD'61, former head of the agricultural and appliedéconomies departments at the University ofMinnesota, was elected a fellow of the American Agricultural Economies Association. He directs the agriculture and ruraldevelopment department of the WorldBank in Washington, D.C.fJT\ James Ellis, SB'60, of Dunedin, FL,OU is a member ofthe National WeatherService Equal Employment OpportunityCommittee.Raymond C. Fischer, MBA'60, of Hins-dale, IL, retired from the International RiceResearch Institute where he helpeddevelop appropriate technology equipmentfor rice farmers in Thailand.Thomas R. Matherlee, MBA'60, hasbeen named chairman of the AmericanHospital Association's board of trustéesand is président of Gaston Mémorial Hospital, Gastonia, NC.Morton W. Miller, SM'60, PhD'62, is asenior scientist in the department of radiation biology and biophysics at the University of Rochester, NY, and has been elevatedto senior membership in the AmericanInstitute of Ultrasound in Medicine. He is amember of the AIUM bioeffects and ethicsand professional standards committees.John Mueller, AB'60, is professor ofpolitical science at the University of Rochester, NY, and is the founder and director ofthe University's Dance Film archive. Hereceived the 1984 De la Torre Bueno prizeawarded by the Dance Perspectives Foundation for his book, Astaire Dancing: TheMusical Films. He is also a member of thedance panel of the National Endowment forthe Arts.K. J. Pataki-Schweizer, SB'60, was pro-moted to associate professor of behavioralscience and médical anthropology at theUniversity of Papua, New Guinea. He isalso a consultant for the World HealthOrganization in the Philippines, India, andIndonesia./2"1 Robert V. Goldstein, MBA'61, ofO JL Wyoming, OH, completed a term aschairman of the Association of NationalAdvertisers, which brought him in contactwith many former U of C alumni. He writesthat he enjoys recruiting MBA graduâtesfor Procter and Gamble.Chan Lien, AM'61, PhD'65, of Taipei,Taiwan, has been président of the ChineseAssociation of Political Science since 1979.Joseph M. McFadden, AM'61, is presi:dent of the University of South Dakota,Vermillion.Dennis O'Brien, PhD'61, became président of the University of Rochester, NY,after serving as président of Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA./TO Philip G. Altbach, AB'62, AM'63,\J ^— PhD'66, is professor of educationalstudies and director of the ComparativeEducation Center at the State University ofNew York at Buffalo. He is also editor ofComparative Education Review, a University ofChicago Press journal.Larry W. Bowman, AB'62, AM'65, hasbeen appointed head of the department ofpolitical science at the University of Con necticut, Storrs. He was awarded a LeslieMartin Fellowship at the Truman Instituteof the Hebrew University of Jérusalemwhere he spent a semester.Margaret Goldman, AB'62, has movedher marriage and family therapy practice toApple Valley, CA.Jérôme H. Holmlund, MBA'62, completed his Ph.D. degree in économies andmajor field natural resource économies atthe University of New Mexico in July, 1982.He works as a senior economist with URS-Berger Co. in San Bernard, CA.FAMILY ALBUM-'85Alejandra Cox Edwards, AM'80, PhD'84,and Sébastian Edwards, AM'78, PhD'81.Robert D. Solotaroff, AM'62, PhD'69,is an associate professor of English at theUniversity of Minnesota, where he hasreceived a 1984 Bush Sabbatical Award.Judith E. Stein, AB'62, AM'64, receiveda Governor's Master Teacher Award. She ischair of the English department at Kenwood Academy in Chicago.Laval S. Wilson, AM'62, is the superin-tendent of schools in Rochester, NY, andhas been named to a two-year appointmentas adjunct professor of éducation at theUniversity of Rochester./Z O Alan J. Bennett, SM'63, PhD'65, is\_/\_J vice-président of research at VarianAssociates in Palo Alto, CA. He heads thecorporate research center and coordinatesVarian's company-wide research programs.GaryE. Davis, JD'63, has returned fromAfrica to New York as a senior policy analy-sis officer for the United Nations Development Program.Jay Flocks, AB'63, has been appointedas clinical assistant professor of psychiatryat the University of California, San Diego.He lives with his wife, Stella, and their twochildren in La Jolla, CA.Robert B. Nagel, MBA'63, was appointedvice-président and director of marketing forKraft Foodservice Group, Kraft, Inc. He livesin Winnetka, IL.David R. Segal, AM'63, PhD'67, wasgranted the Mid-Career Award from theAmerican Society for Public Administration for major contributions to nationalsecurity and défense administration. He isprofessor of sociology, government, andpolitics at the University of Maryland, aguest scientist in the department of militarypsychiatry at Walter Reed Army Institute ofResearch, and a spécial guest scholar at theBrookings Institution.Miroslav Synek, PhD'63, presentedtwo scientific papers at the annual jointmeeting of the American Association ofPhysics Teachers held in San Antonio, TX,last winter./! A James Baillie, AB'64, JD'67, is a part-V_/^fc ner in the law firm of Fredriksonand Byron, Minneapolis. He received thePro Bono Award from the American BarAssociation for his contributions to légalservices for the poor.S. Gène Balaban, MBA' 64, completed aterm as président of the Material HandlingInstitute and was appointed vice-présidentand gênerai manager of the Industrial Electronic Products Group in Chicago. He livesin Highland Park, IL.Robert D. Denham, AM'64, PhD'72,received national récognition for outstanding quality in the limited édition books heproduces on a turn-of-the-century press.He teaches English at Emory and HenryCollège, Emory, VA, and pursues letter-press printing as a hobby.Robert Y. Fogels, MBA'64, moved fromParis to London where he is managingdirector of Gervais Danone UK Ltd, a divis-sion of the French food and glass groupBSN.Brij M. Khorana, SM'64, is promotedto professor and chairman of the department of physics at Rose-Hulman Instituteof Technology, Terre Haute, IN.Mary King, BFA'64, of Kalamazoo, MI,exhibited her drawings in a one-personshow at the Artemisia Gallery in Chicago.Linda Thoren, AB'64, JD'67, of Chicago, has joined United Press Internationa],Inc., as vice-président, gênerai counsel andchief légal officer./Z C William L. Hendricks, AM'65,Ovx PhD'72, is director of graduate studies at the Southern Baptist TheologicalSeminary, Louisville, KYBarbara Beigun Kaplan, AB'65, teacheshistory of medicine and science at the University of Maryland-College Park and BaltimoreCounty campuses. She was honored as the"1983 Faculty Woman of the Year" by the University of Maryland-Baltimore County. Sheisthe vice-président of the Washington Societyfor the History of Medicine.Howard T. Kaplan, AB'65, received hismaster's degree in computer science from the University of Maryland and is managerof Teleprocessing Systems at Vitro Corporation. He writes that he enjoys playing firsfviolin in a Washington area communityorchestra.Barbara Katz, AB'65, AM'69, is in lawschool at the University of California, LosAngeles, after a career in journalism. Upongraduation, she will clerk for a year for afédéral district judge in Washington D.C.Ray Kelly, AB'65, is associate professorof anthropology at the University of Michi-gan. He spent the past académie year at theCenter for Advanced Studies in the Behav-ioral Sciences.Glenn Loafmann, AB'65, of Chicago,and his family traveled to Brussels to seethe iguanadon herd at the Royal Musuem ofNatural Science.Thomas A. McSweeny, JD'65, wasappointed director of the employée bene-fits specialty consulting department of theChicago office of Price Waterhouse. Helives in Evanston, IL.Jon D. Miller, AM'65, is the director ofNorthern Illinois University Public OpinionLaboratory in DeKalb, and he will chair asubgroup for the American Association forthe Advancement of Science through theAAAS's committee on the public under-standing of science.Jane R. Shoup, PhD'65, is a professor inthe school of science and nursing at PurdueUniversity-Calumet. She received Purdue'sChancellor's Council Award for Outstanding Teaching.Edward E. Vaill, JD'65, and two com-panions hâve made the first ascent of aTibetan mountain unofficially known asCelestial Peak. He is an anti-trust lawyerand lives in Malibu, CA.William Weber, AM'65, PhD'70,teaches history at California State University, Long Beach. He received a RockefellerFoundation Humanities Fellowship for aresearch project entitled "The Rise of Musical Classicism." He coedited Wagnerism inEuropean Culture and Politics, and is complet-ing a volume on the performance of oldmusic in 18th-century England./! /L Charles Gellert, AB'66, married\J \J Susan R. Furr. They live in Washington, DC.Donald R. Hopkins, MD'66, of Atlanta,is deputy director of the Centers for DiseaseControl, U.S. Public Health Service,Department of Health and Human Servicesin Atlanta. His book, Princes and Peasants—Smallpox in History, was nominated for aPulitzer prize in 1983.Donald L. McGee, JD'66, is senior vice-président and a gênerai counsel at Grubb &Ellis Co. in San Francisco. He is also theprésident of the Bay Area University of Chicago Alumni Club.£J~7 Mary-Susan Abelow-King, AM'67,O/ PhD'74, writes, "I just had an eight-and-a-half pound baby girl we hâve namedMichelle Brooke. She constitutes myresearch and development for this year."Charles-James N. Bailey, AM'67 PhD'69, was invited to be a correspondingmember of the European Academy of Sciences, Arts & Letters in Berlin.Ellen Maeda Janka, AB'67, of ForestPark, IL, is a chemist for Cencon, an occu-pational health laboratory of CNA Insurance. She was elected to the AmericanAcademy of Industrial Hygiène as a certi-fied industrial hygienist.Bryan E. Kohler, PhD'67, Beach Professor of Chemistry at Wesleyan University,Middletown, CT, has been awarded a Gug-genheim Fellowship and elected a Fellow ofthe American Physical Society. He will beworking in the physics department at theUniversity of Bayreuth and in the chemistrydepartment of the Max Planck Institute,both in West Germany.Kenneth I. Solomon, JD'67, is chairmanof the board and managing partner of theChicago office of Laventhol and Horwath, aconsulting and accounting firm. He hasbeen named Industrialist of the Year by theAmerican-Israel Chamber of Commerce.Gregory T. Stengel, AB'67, and AgnesTheresa Szabo of New York City are the parents of Jennifer Moonbeam Szabo-Stengel,born on December 14, 1983.Judith Testa, AM'67, PhD'83, was promoted to associate professor of art at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb. Shereceived the Robert H. and Clarice SmithFellowship awarded by the National Gallery of Art and a Travel to Collections grantfrom the National Endowment for theHumanities.Michael R. A. Wade, AB'67, was electedto the Board of Directors of the International Business Council Mid-America. He isthe président of China Trade DevelopmentCorporation of Chicago./L O J. Joseph Anderson, MBA'68, is an\_/(_7 executive vice-président at Continental Illinois National Bank and TrustCompany in Chicago, where he is head ofthe domestic and Worldwide investmentbanking department.Naomi Golan, PhD'68, has retired asdean of the University of Haifa School ofSocial Work in Haifa, Israël, after 11 years.She is on sabbatical at the School of SocialWork at the University of Southern California where she is the visiting John G. MilnerProfessor of Child Welfare.Arthur L. Harshman, AM'68, PhD'77, ischairperson of the department of art at California State University, Dominguez Hills.He exhibited a mixed média work, "Dop-pelganger Express" in the CSUDH springart faculty show.Sheila Klatzky, AM'68, PhD'70, is on aleave of absence from Fordham University,where she is an associate professor of sociology, in order to pursue her interest ininvestment real estate with the firm ofHerbert Charles and Co. in New York City.James K. Lilly, AB'68, AM'69, MBA'80,and his wife, of Oak Park, IL, hâve had asecond son, Nicholas Rodgers Lilly.R. Peter Richards, SM'68, PhD'70, is aresearch associate at Heidelberg Collège,Tiffin, OH, and has reported on pesticide4d UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M AGAZINE/WINTER 1985concentrations in Sandusky Bay and theLower Sandusky River to members of theInternational Association of Great LakesResearch.Ronald K. Zuckerman, MBA'68, ofBloomington, MN, is chairman of the boardfor GustMill Co./IQ Lois Beck, AM'69, PhD'77, of Uni-\J y versity City, MO, was promoted toassociate professor of anthropology atWashington University in St. Louis.Drew M. Leff, AB'69, MBA'70, andSusan Winston Leff, AB'71, hâve a son,Daniel Harrison, born June 29, 1983. Drew isestablishing a Boston office for Forest CityRental Corp., and Susan is a loan officer forthe Abacus Group. They live in Brookline,MA.Marilyn Chapin Massey, AM'69,PhD'73, has been named dean of the Schoolof Arts and Sciences at the Collège of NewRochelle, NY. She is an editorial consultantfor the Journal of Religion and is a member ofthe American Theological Society and theAmerican Academy of Religion.R. Michael Perry, SB'69, of Los Orsos,CA, has received a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Colorado.Michael Retsky, SM'69, PhD'74, of Colorado Springs, CO, received the AAMSICongress Award for 1984 for a computersimulation of breast cancer growth andtreatment.Michael S. Sherman, MBA'69, has beennamed vice-président of development ofhealth maintenance organizations for Inde-pendence Health Plan, Southfield, MLJoël M. Weinstein, AB'69, was appointedassociate professor in the department ofsurgery, division of ophthalmology, at theMilton S. Hershey Médical Center of thePennsylvania State University, Hershey.•7/^ Catherine L. Albanese, AM'70,/ \J PhD'72, received the Trustées'Award for Faculty Excellence from WrightState University, Dayton, OH, where she isa professor of religion. She is also nationalsecretary of the American Academy of Religion and has received a National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship forindependent study and research.Sue Hagstrom Bialostosky, AB'70, isstudying for her master's degree in libéralstudies at the State University of New Yorkat Stony Brook. She has two children:Sophia, ten, and Ivan, six.John Fenner, AB'70, MBA'71, traveledin Africa after working in économies inCanada. He married earlier this year andlives in Casper, WYBernard R. Hertel, MAT'70, of Brook-field, WI, is an agent and supervisor ofMutual Benef it Life Insurance Co., Milwau-kee. He earned the Chartered FinancialConsultant diploma and certification fromthe American Collège at Bryn Mawr, PA.Cynthia Powers Holler, AB'70, of FortWayne, IN, is manager of corporate internaiauditing at Franklin Electric Co., Bluffton.Daniel Lauber, AB'70, is president-elect of the American Planning Association. He has written on housing issues for thejournal of Housing, Planning, Chicago Sun-Times, and Washington Post.Mahar K. Mangahas, PhD'70, is a vice-président of the research for developmentdepartment at the Development Academyof the Philippines. He is the editor of thePhilippine Economie journal, which deals withdistributive justice and social indicators.He has also served as a UNICEF consultant on social indicators in Malaysia andIndonesia.Richard H. Steiner, MBA'70, is a stockbroker in Cincinnati. He won $40,000 in aseven-card stud event at the super bowl ofpoker at Lake Tahoe, CA.John W. Thomson, AB'70, marriedSharon Breen in 1983 and lives in New YorkCity. He is a vice-président and senior attor-ney for Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner &Smith.fT"! Barry R. Bauman, AM'71, is direc-/ _L tor and painting conservator of artworks and documents at the Chicago Conservation CenterPatrick J. Borich, PhD'71, of St. Paul,MN, is a professor and associate director ofextension, personnel and staff development at the University of Minnesota. Hewas named director of the university's Agricultural Extension Service.John J. Casey, PhD'71, has returned tothe US after 13 years of educational work inHong Kong. He is dean of the MaryknollSchool of Theology in Maryknoll, NY.Marcia I. Edison, AB'71, MBA'76, hasbeen appointed director of M.B.A. Programs at the Illinois Institute of Technolo-gy's School of Business Administration,Chicago.Nachiko Ide Holzhauer, AM'71, andher husband, Juergen Holzhauer, had ason, James Christian, on August 6. Theyhâve an older son, Ian Sébastian, two.John Iversen, AB'71, of Berkeley, CA,"is a social worker by day and lead singer/songwriter of The Stickers, a new waverock band, by night."Susan Winston Leff, AB'71. See 1969,Drew M. Leff.Alfred A. Marcus, AB'71, AM'73, wasappointed to the department of stratégiemanagement and organization at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Hisson, David, was born in FebruaryCari Sunshine, AB'71, of Culver City,CA, is head of System architecture forSytek, Inc. He and his wife hâve had theirsecond child, Aaron Ilan.^O Kenneth Paul Asquith, AM'72,/ Z. PhD'80, of Sudbury, MA, is a spe-cialist in corporate finance and associateprofessor at the Harvard Business School.He is an ssociate editor of the Journal ofFinancial Economies.Alice Carnes, PhD'72, is président ofthe Oregon Muséums Association anddirector of Willamette Science and Technology Center, Eugène, OR.Raphaël A. Finkel, SB'72, MAT'72,married Beth Goldstein in 1983. He is asso ciate professor at the University of Wiscon-sin, Madison, in the department of computer sciences. He co-authored The HackersDictionary.yO Jonathan Brent, AM'73, PhD'80,/ \J edits Formations, a new internationaljournal of fiction and essays. He is alsoassistant director of the Northwestern University Press and a member of Northwest-ern's English department.Carville V. Earle, PhD'73, is professorof geology and chairman of the geologydepartment at Miami University, Oxford,OH.Don M. Henry, AB'73, MD'80, has completed his residency in obstetrics and gyne-cology at Houston's University of TexasHermann Hospital and M. D. AndersonHospital. He will work at the HammondClinic in Munster, IN.The Rev.Edward J. McKenna, AM'73, isassociate pastor of St. Paul Catholic Churchand associate editor and music reviewer forWorship, a journal in liturgy, published at St.John's Abbey, Collegeville, MN. He is also aresource person in music and liturgy toJoseph Cardinal Bernardin, Archbishop ofChicago, and is director of the chorus andorchestra at Loyola University of Chicago.^7A Patti Adler, AM'74, received her/ ^t Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, San Diego. Her husband,Peter Adler, AM'74, was elected vice-président of the Society for the Study of Sym-bolic Interaction. They are both assistantprofessors of sociology at the University ofTulsa, OK.Joséphine Speer Banks, MST'74, hasretired to Charlotte, NC, after 25 years as ateacher and instructional coordinator withthe Chicago Board of Education.Kathleen W. Bratton, JD'74, of NewYork City, has been elected vice-présidentand counsel of the Equitable Life AssuranceSociety of the US.Douglas L. Carden, AB'74, lives inAlhambra, CA, with his wife and their newdaughter, Elspeth.^7C Richard Adelman, AB'75, received/ \J his master's degree in social workfrom the University of Wisconsin, and is acounselor at Dane County Mental HealthCenter in Madison. His second child wasborn in May.Jan Currie, PhD'75, is a lecturer in éducation at Murdoch University in Murdoch,West Australia.Luke F Daw, AB'75, of Evergreen Park,IL, teaches biology in a Chicago highschool.Charles B. Duff, AB'75, is softwaremanager for KRIYA Systems, Inc., Chicago.He has developed a graphies editor program for the IBM PC computer and haspublished his first book, Introducing theMacintosh.Michael Mirra, AB'75, and NancySprick, AB'77, had a son, Nicholas JohnMirra in August, 1983. Michael is an attor-ney with Evergreen Légal Services, andNancy is a graduate student in Chinese literature at the University of Washington.They live in Steilacoom, WA.y/1 Joseph La Mar Andrus, JD'76, has/ \J left the firm of Baker & McKenzie inChicago to become a member of the foreigntax counsel's office in the tax policy groupof the US Treasury Department in Washington, DC.Debra R. Austrin, AM'76 is completingher studies at Washington UniversitySchool of Law. Her husband, Russell A.Willis III, AM'76, is an assistant trust counsel of the trust department of MercantileTrust Company, St. Louis. They hâve twochildren, Sarah, and Benjamin.FAMILY ALBUM-'85Barbara Standish, MBA'84,Mildred Schieber Standish, PhB'27.Ellen Hammer, AB'76, of Bayside, NY,received her MBA from Boston Universityin May.Evanthia Malliris, AB'76, of Belmont,MA, is the marketing communicationsmanager for a clinical diagnostic firm inCambridge, MA.Kenneth Tomchik, AB'76, and his wifeMira Litwin Tomchik, AB'76, MBA'79, cele-brated their seventh anniversary in November. Ken graduated from the University ofIllinois Abraham Lincoln School of Medicine and is a résident at Lutheran GeneralHospital, Chicago. Ken and Mira hâve adaughter, Carolyn, born in July, 1983.Russell A. Willis III,AM'76. See 1976,Debra R. Austrin.yy Audrey Altstadt-Mirhadi, AM'77,/ / PhD'83, was a post-doctoral fellowat Harvard Russian Research Center, andbecame secretary of the steering committee of the Association for Central AsianStudies. She received an IREX exchangefellowship for research in U.S.S.R. for1984-85. Luanne Buchanan, AM'77, PhD'83, wasappointed assistant professor of languagesat Wittenberg Univeristy, Springfield, OH.George R. Cooper, AB'77, graduatedfrom the University of Denver Collège ofLaw in 1982 and was admitted to the Colorado bar in 1983.Eugène P. Forrester II, AB'77, of Chicago, married Alice G. Phillips in Septem-ber. Forrester is the former owner and publisher of the Chicago Journal and the ChicagoRiver Clipper.yO In March, 1985, David L. Applegate,/ O JD'78, will be a shareholder in thecommercial law firm of Karon, Morrison, andSaviras, Ltd., Chicago.Dennis Berthiaume, AM'78, ofNashua, NH, graduated in 1983 from theUniversity of Pittsburgh's School of Libraryand Information Science with a certif icateof advanced study in library science.Anne Harris Hack, AB'78, of CherryValley, MA, works in opérations management for Wyman-GordonCo., an aerospaceforgings Company. Her twin boys are in theseventh grade.Gerald F. Kominski, AB'78, was married to Laurie Kane in 1983. He is on thestaff of the Prospective Payment Assess-ment Commission in Washington, DCJennifer Woods Parker, AM'78, marriedReynolds Vanstory Parker in 1983, and livesin Charlotte, NC.yQ Steven E. Abelman, AB'79, gradu-/ y ated cum laude from Whittier CollègeSchool of Law where he was an associateeditor of the Whittier Law Review. He lives inEvergreen, CO.Nancy Robins Bernstein, MBA'79,works at the advertising agency ofNeedham Harper and Steers, Chicago.Robert L. Fine, MD'79, of Columbia,MD, completed an internai medicine resi-dency at Stanford University Hospital andhas become board certified. He is workingin médical oncology at the National CancerInstitute, on a research-clinical fellowship.Laura Ginger, JD'79, is assistant professor of business law at the Indiana University School of Business, Bloomington, IN.Joël Howell, MD'79, and his wife,Linda Samuelson Howell, PhD'84, bothwork at the University of Michigan, AnnArbor.Andrew Koppelman, AB'79, ofPomona, NY, is in the political sciencePh.D. program at Yale University.Scott M. Krantz, MBA'79, of BuffaloGrove, IL, is président of Scott M. KrantzAssociates consulting firm and haspublished articles on commodity options.His second son was born in July.Cari Lavin, AB'79, and his wife, LaurenShay, hâve a son, Austin Léo, born on July6. Cari is on the copy desk of the New YorkTimes, New York City. They live in Mont-clair, NJ.Bobbye Middendorf, AB'79. See 1978,John Salovaara.Anita Miller, MFA'79, of San Antonio,TX, exhibited a drawing entitled "Order and Chaos I" in the Eye of Willem DeLooper show at Washington Women's ArtsCenter, Washington, DC in April.Sherie Miller, AM'79, is an investmentexecutive at Paine Webber, Chicago. Sheappears weekly on the télévision show,"Ask the Expert", and teaches at OaktonCommunity Collège.Philip Montgomery, MBA'79, is président of the Montgomery & Co. condomin-ium development in Dallas, TX. In 1982, hewas chairman of the Dallas Concert HallCommittee bond élection campaign to builda new symphony hall. He also served as the1983 campaign chairman for the 21-city Dallas area initiative to create Dallas AreaRapid Transit autonomy.Eric Rasmussen, MBA'79, is assistantadministrator at the Kaiser PermanenteMédical Center, Sacramento, CA.Joël Rosenfeld, AB'79, an Englishteacher at Columbia University, has movedto Jérusalem to teach English at a highschool there.Fred E. Ross, MD'79, is a fellow in childand adolescent psychiatry at the Universityof Pittsburgh School of Medicine, WesternPsychiatrie Institute and Clinic.Lisa Seigel, MBA'79, is manager of skincare product marketing for Avon Products,New York.Paul Stregevsky, AB'79, of Atlanta, GA,is a manufacturing research analyst andtechnical writer at Lockheed-Georgia Company. He is married and has one child.Steven M. Strickland, AB'79, is assistant vice-président and commercial loanofficer at Melrose Park National Bank inChicago.Michael C. Taylor, AB'79, received hismaster's degree in architecture from Harvard University Graduate School of Designin 1983. He works for Barton Myers Associates, architects and planners, in Toronto.Dennis Ward, MBA'79, is an associateand division head at Sargent & Lundy engineering firm in Chicago and is a member ofthe American Society of Mechanical Engi-neers, and the American and Illinois BarAssociations.Pamela Myers Waymack, MBA'79, wasan educational leader for the ProfessionalSeminar Consultants Soviet-AmericanClinical Study Program in June. In Moscowand Leningrad she led classes on practicemanagement for American physicians onthe tour of the Soviet health care System.OH David L. Bogetz, MBA'80, is man-\J\J ager of the corporate finance groupof the Canadian Impérial Bank of Commerce. He is a member of the junior govern-ing board of the Chicago SymphonyOrchestra and chairman of its universitynights séries concerts.Gène C. Hancock, SB'80, married Car-rie Poulos and is completing his Ph.D. inchemistry at the University of Wisconsin,Madison.George K. Hersh, Jr., AB'80, MBA'82, isa technology analyst in the trust investmentdepartment of the Rupublic Bank, Dallas.Bonnie L. Humphrey, AB'80, and John48 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAC AZINE/WINTER 1985M. O'Donnell, AB'80, were married inJune. Both graduated from the Universityof Pennsylvania, Bonnie in architecture andJohn in law. They hâve returned to Chicagowhere John practices with Sonnenschein,Carlin, Nath, and Rosenthal.Ol Jérôme Bauer, AB'81, AM'82, com-V_/ -L pleted his master's degree in reli-gious studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is in the Ph.D.program in religious studies at the University of Pennsylvania, with an NDEA Title VIfellowship for Hindi. He will concentrateon South Asian studies.Henry Cheeseman, MBA'81, The Légaland Regulatory Environment of Business (Mac-Millan). This textbook includes légal caseson government régulation of the economy,securities régulation, antitrust law, bank-ruptcy, environmental and consumer protection. Cheeseman is adjunct professor atthe Graduate School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.Tim Holtsford, AB'81, received hisM. S. in biology from the Univerisity of California, Irvine and is studying plant geneticsat the University of California, Riverside.William H. Kooser, MBA'81, ofWheaton, IL, is vice-président of theemployée benefits consulting division ofReed Stenhouse Associates, Inc. of Illinois.Curtis N. Maas, MBA'81, is président of Reichel and Drews, Inc., Chicago.QO Crystal J. Cocheron, AM'82, is com-O^-n pany recruiter for Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL.Mark Florian, MBA'82, is an officer atthe First National Bank of Chicago in thepublic finance division.Phyllis Gould, AM'82, is a Spanish-speaking therapist at Proviso Family Services in Melrose Park, IL. She is also in private practice.Samuel L. Herndon, MBA'82, is seniorassociate with the management consultingfirm of Théodore Barry and Associates,Chicago.David B . Hewlett, MBA'82, has been pro-moted to product manager of Compudose forElanco Products Company in Indianapolis.Anthony-Samuel LaMantia, AB'82, ofNew Haven, CT, is in his second year of thePh.D. program in neuroanatomy at YaleUniversity.Anthony R. LoCoco, MBA'82, passedhis CPA exam in May and is vice-présidentof finance at Chicago White Métal Castings,Inc.OO Kenneth Aizawa, AB'83, of Pitts-C_/u/ burgh, PA, writes, "I am a philosopher and I'm not unemployed. If thatdoesn't seem noteworthy, check with ailthe other A.B. philosophers." Steve Britt, AB'83, is judicial interncoordinator in the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Chief Justice of theSuprême Court. He lives in Washington,D.C.Stacy Dutton, AB'83, will join MorganStanley & Co. in Tokyo.Paul E. Later, AB'83, is a student atRush Médical Collège in Chicago.Theodosia Miller-Kummerfeld, AB'83,is enrolled in the M. S. program at the Lon-don School of Economies.Daniel J. Perry, AB'83, is a programmer/consultant for Applied InformationDevelopment, Inc., Chicago.Robert Tomei, AM'83, has been pro-moted to project director at NPD, Inc., PortWashington, NY.QA Steven C. Caton, PhD'84, is assistantW^t professor of sociology and anthropol-ogy at Carleton Collège, Northf ield, MN. Heheld a Fulbright-Hays Fellowship for doctoral research and has lived in Saudi Arabiaand North Yemen.Carol Walene Hill, AM'84, of DeerPark, NY, presented a paper, The IsimilaCleaver Project, at the 24th Annual Conférence of the Northeastern AnthropologicalAssociation at Trinity Collège, Hartford,CT.Linda Samuelson Howell, PhD'84. See1979, Joël Ho well. HCorne Back for it ALL! !May 31 and June 1Réuni*"Don't delay! Make plans now to return for the Annual University of ChicagoAlumni Reunion on Friday, May 31 and Saturday, June 1. Hère 's why. . .Reunion '85 will offer many exciting festivities. On Friday evening, therewill be spécial anniversary célébrations for the baccalaurate classes of 1935,1945, 1960, 1975, and 1980. The classes of 1925 and 1930 will hâve luncheons thefollowing day. The Class Committees are hard at work planning uniquely enter-taining and mémorable events. Détails will be sent to ail class members.Many other alumni activities hâve been planned for the weekend. Take anopen-air bus tour of campus; explore the University's fine art collections; attendsome of the many informative lectures. Saturday's Picnic on the Quadrangles willfeature live entertainment and spécial seating for anniversary classes and "eras."Ail alumni are invited to the Alumni Awards Ceremony and ChampagneRéception, followed by a Candlelight Dinner in Hutchinson Commons. After dinner, a Tom Stoppard play, Every Good Boy Deserves Favour, featuring the f ullUniversity Orchestra, will be presented in Mandel Hall.Don't miss the 75th Annual Interfraternity Sing. Then be sure to make itover to Jimmy's, the old watering hole and legendary tavern familiar to générations of Chicago students. Jimmy has reserved the place just for you.Would you like to meet old friends on campus, but you've lost touch? We canhelp you find them. Write Reunion Network, and we'll send you the addressesyou hâve requested. (For alumnae, please include the maiden names.) Would you be willing toserve as an alumni volunteer atReunion '85? We could use helpwith greeting returning alumni,registration, or passing out bal-loons and information.Write:Reunion Network '85Robie House5757 S. Woodlawn AvenueChicago, IL 60637SAVE THE DATESMay 31 and June 1REUNION '85DEATHSFACULTYRaven McDavid, Jr., professor emeritus in English language and literature andlinguistics, died October 21, at âge 73. Hewas the editor of the Linguistic Atlas of theMiddle and South Atlantic States, which is stillunfinished. He joined the faculty in 1957and retired in 1977 but continued work onthe atlas.THE CLASSES1900-1909Lyford P Edwards, AB'05, AM'17, PhD 19,July.1910-1919Morris E. Feiwell, PhB13, JD'15, October.Dorothy Farwell Barber, X14, August.Isabel Kendrick Cannon, PhB'14,September.Edwin Hirsch, SB'14, MD16, August.Lathrop E. Roberts, SB'14, PhB19, May.Olaf H. Christoffersen, SB'15, MD17, July.Carol Beelev de Takats, SB'15, July.Geraldyn Hodges Major, PhB15, August.Edwin J. Carlson, X'16, 1983.Pheobe F. Baker Shackelford, SB'16, July.William Moncreiff, MD'17, August.Hanna Grossman Shulhafer, X19, June.1920-1929Helen Brennenman Ginter, PhB'20,February.Frank M. Moody, PhB'20, August.Wilson Moor, PhB'20, April.Marion Rubovitz Ross, PhB'20, July.Lillian Miller Bardrof, PhB'21, June.Elizabeth Cochran, AM'21, PhD'30, May.Harold E. Smith, SB'21, MD'24,September.Théodore W. Taylor, PhB'21, June.Kloe Kief f Juers, X'22, September.George A. Barnett, MD'23, July.Gertrude Gill, PhB'23, AM'28, 1983.Guy Owens, MD'23, June.Léonard M. Blumenthal, SM'24, August.William D. Mabie, PhB'24, July.Delta Ray Henry, AM'25, September.Scott W. Hovey, JD'25, March.Martha Leutsker Levering, PhB'25,August.EstherB. Lundquist, PhB'25, March.Kenneth A. Smith, AM'25, June.Hazel Ericsson Theis, X'25, July.Louella Densmore Arnold, AM'26, July.Lynndon M. Hancock, LLB'26, July.Harold L. Meeker, AM'26, August.Harold H. Titus, PhD'26, July.Stanley Newman, PhB'27 AM'28, August. Chester Destler, AM'28, PhD'32,September.Charles C. Erasmus, PhB'28, JD'29,August.William B. Jones, AM'28, September.Kate Hevner Mueller, PhD'28, August.Roy E. Mueller, X'28.John O. Stewart, SB'28, 1983.Ellen Black Winston, AM'28, PhD'30, June.Walter D. Yates, X'28.Donald E. Yochem, SB'28, MD'31, 1983.Samuel J. Benjamin, JD'29.Louise Kirschheimer, PhB'29, April.Walter G. Neevel, PhB'29, March.Helen Waddle Roofe, PhB'29, March.J. Minott Stickney, Jr., PhB'29, MD'34,1983.John B. Stout, AM'29, April.Ellen Bassett Swenson, SB'29, February.J. Allen Wilson, MD'29, July.1930-1939George H. Barnard, PhB'30, JD'31.Donald H. Dalton, SB'31, June.Lucien S. Field, JD'31, February.Samuel E. Stewart, PhB'31, September.Hayden Jones, SM'32, PhD'39, July.Helen Mead Pillans, SB'32, SM'33,September.Rose Ledieu Slater, PhD'32.George O. Bollman, PhB'33, March.Eskin E. Cromwell, AM'34, October.George H. Wrighte, PhB'34, July.Dorothea W. F. Ewers, SB'35, PhD'50,June.Edith E. Reynolds, X'35.Gerald O. Rulon, PhD'35, June.OttoB. Sindelar, AB'35, September.Floyd French, AM'36, August.Ferdinand C. Jacobson, MD'36,September.James D. Logsdon, AM'36, PhD'46, April.Lowell Schultz, AB'36, March.Mary Haberzetle Turner, SM'36, PhD'38,1983.Paul D. Reese, JD'36, June.Charles T. Thrift, Jr., PhD'36, May.Eugène H. Adelman, AM'37, February.Edwin J. Crockin, AB'37, July.Gennette Biggs Nygard, AB'37September.Herman B. Chase, PhD'38, April.John A. Farrell, X'38, October.RosellaH. Gunnell, SB'38.Joseph T. Klapper, AM'38, May.EarlE. Klein, PhD'38, September.Sheldon D. Klein, LLB'38, May.George G. Kolar, SB'38, June.Daniel J. Jones, PhD'38, June.Catherine Malone, AM'38, JulyLeslie Sanford, AB'38, JD'40, March.Andrew Schor, SB'38, SM'40, August.Edgar Behymer, AM'39, March.Kingsley Eckert, X'39, MBA'51.Charles H. Fairbanks, AB'39, July.Charles Farace, PhD'39, April. 1940-1949Nelson W. Bolyard, MD'40, X'41, March.Bernice Levine Kane, AB'40, August.Dorothy Miles Rappaport, AB'40, 1983.Kathryn Hernan Gagos, X'41, July.Samuel Pascoe, AM'41, September.Manuel F. Moseley, X'43, July.Grâce Olsen Gilbert, AB'46, 1983.R. Howard Goldsmith, SB'46, JD'49, July.Archie E. Hendricks, AM'46, PhD'49,September.Francis Scelonge, AM'46, 1983.Charles E. Sherman, DB'46, July.Lorraine Bouthilet, AM'47 PhD'48, May.Naomi Wolfson Lange, AB'47, September.David W. Davies, PhD'48, April.Linnea Henderson, AM'48, April.Andrew Poledor, MBA'48, July.Raymond C. Simpson, JD'48, July.Paul Stux, SM'48, July.Romolo Toigo, PhB'48, June.Joseph Bram, SM'49, PhD'53, May.Henry G. Cooper, DB'49, August.1950-1959James A. Nelson, MBA'50, June.Eleanor F. Proctor, AM'50, June.Victor A. Jackson, PhD'52, August.Maxwell E. Minor, MBA'52, August.John E. Pixton, Jr., PhD'52, July.Jules D. Wimperly, AB'52, June.Malcolm D. Hart, MBA'53, June.G. Allan Julin, Jr., MBA'53, July.Arnold Kapp, AM'53, July.Warren L. Butler, PhD'55, June.William Jacobs, X'57, July.Mildred Kornacker, AB'57, AM'58, PhD'66,September.Gerda Meyer, AM'58, September.1960-1969Mabel Aljets Sexsmith, AM'64, March.LucianM. Heacox, SB'65, August.Marquis E. Wallace, AB'65, AM'68,PhD'77, August.John F. Clark, PhD'66, October.David Dunn, AM'66, September.Louis M. Eyermann, X'68, May.James R. Kelly, AB'68.Stuart H. Spitzner, AB'68, July.Robert A. Storez, AB'68, 1983.1970-1979John H. Rubel, MBA'71, July.Francis E. Pellegrini, PhD'71, May.Judith A. Kellogg, MBA'79, April.1980-Cyrus M. Quigley, AM'82, June.50 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/WINTER 1985LIBRARIES IContinued from page 25around the world," said Swanson."Under the terms of Mr. Crerar's willthis is to be a public library, freely available to the public, so we take that alsoas our service mission. Most of the corporate or engineering people wantscienctific periodicals or symposiumproceedings. They want them in ahurry and many of them corne to thelibrary or call the library, knowingexactly what they want; they don'tcorne to start research on a subject. Asa resuit, a lot of the traffic is by téléphone, by electronic mail, or by télex.Often a company messenger cornesdown and we never see the face of thepatron in the way we see the faces ofuniversity users day in and day out.That's one différence from the way wehâve been operating. The other is themove into technology and engineeringin terms of the collection and thedemand for materials in the collection.The University has been primarilyfocused on basic or theoreticalresearch. Crerar has strong collectionsin technology, chemical technology,electronics, and journals of interest tothe pharmaceutical industry. Our jobwill be to assess and maintain those ina way that's sensible both for that clientèle and our own, given our économieresources." To provide the expertiseneeded for technological materialsacquisitions and for serving clientswho request thèse materials, severalstaff members of the formerly inde-HUTCHINSContinued from page 39éducation of breadth, depth, andrigor,and to relax or consider afresh theassumptions about spécifie contentthat had informed the two HutchinsCollèges. It took the form of indepen-dent investigations by eleven separatetask forces, in which faculty represent-ing each of the divisions— and oftenCollège advisers and students aswell— deliberated over a period of sixto nine months about a number ofissues involved in the design of ourbaccalaureate program.In a University that strives forexcellence, to achieve a balancebetween the functions of specializedresearch and graduate training on theone hand, and collegiate teaching and pendent Crerar Library hâve joinedthe University Library staff.The médical faculty requested all-weather access to the library. Theywanted a walkway from the hospitalcomplex to the library, above streetlevel. The location of Cummings LifeScience Center, which stands on thesouth end of the new science quadrangle between Abbott Hall and the CrerarLibrary, made an aerial walkway difficult so the planners designed anunderground passageway instead. Asa resuit, faculty and students going toCrerar from the Médical Center andCummings Life Science Center won'thâve to don outdoor clothing in winterweather. The médical faculty's requestfor all-weather access stems from longtradition. When the University wasfirst being built, in the late 1880s, thearchitects provided several second-floor bridges, linking buildings witheach other, so that scholars and students could gain easy access to départ-mental libraries. In the future, theunderground walkway may be extend-ed to other buildings, such as theHenry Hinds Geophysical Laboratories, located on the opposite side of thescience quad from Crerar.The Crerar Library will offer 24-hour access to a limited number ofusers — faculty and graduate studentsin the Divisions of Biological and Phys-ical Sciences, and the Médical Centerhouse staff.The Crerar brings with it a uniquefeature, the National Translations Cen-reflections on the knowledge mostworth having, on the other, is nevereasy. Yet it is an aspiration shared bymajor leaders at the University fromthe time of Président Harper to theprésent. The primacy of research andgraduate training has meant that pro-ponents of the collegiate function hâvealways been somewhat embattledhère. Thus, in 1904, John Coulter, oneof the nation's leading biologists,warned that "an exaggerated dévotionto research may blind the instructor tothe need of good teaching ....Another thing we are in danger of los-ihg sight of in our eagerness to makeuniversities the centers of investigation (is the achievement) of 'gêneraiscientific and moral culture.' " AndPrésident Burton, in 1924, whistled in ter, which acts as a clearinghouse forscientific and technical translation intoEnglish from other languages. TheCenter receives translations from government agencies and corporations. Itpublishes a montly index, TranslationsRegister Index, and provides a searchservice to identify and locate translations. The purpose of the Center is totry to help institutions and individualsavoid costly and time-consumingduplications of translations of scientific articles. "The cost of translating ascientific article is very high,"explained Swanson. "Three or fourpeople might need it, and it seems sillyfor everybody to hâve to pay that cost.The Center provides a copy of thetranslation for a nominal cost." Translations are primarily of Russian, Japanese, German, and French articles.Incidentally, since some of the translations cover important technologicaldevelopments, many of the donorschoose to remain anonymous, forsecurity reasons. Consequently, oftentranslations arrive with ail identifyingmarks obliterated, as to donor. "It'sinteresting to see the use being madeof the Translation Center on campus,"said Swanson. "One scientist in theResearch Institutes had been lookingfor several months for a translation ofan early German article from the 1940sand the Center was able to procure itwithin hours for him." H—Felicia Antonelli Holtonthe dark with his statement that "wehâve reached a stage in our development when of the two great fields ofthe University's work the graduateschools and the collèges each muststand on its own merits, each mustreceive that discriminating attentionwhich its own character demands, nei-ther must be hindered by the other."It was the achievement of RobertMaynard Hutchins, and one of hisenduring legacies, that the challengeof paying that discriminating attentionwhich the character of the Collègedemands has been built into the insti-tutional fabric of this place. We arelucky indeed to hâve such a legacy, andI hope you share my sensé of excite-ment about its potential for invigorat-ing and enriching our future. B51"Most impressive. . .Rates a place on every référence shelf seriously devoted toChicago's glorious history of building and design."— Paul Gapp, Chicago TribuneNOW IN PAPERBACKTHE USES OF COTHICPLANNING AND BUILDING THE CAMPUSOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 1892-1932"When in 1891, the new University of Chicago was facedwith the challenge of building a campus, its trustées soughtto assure an orderly development by beginning with a quad-rangular plan and selecting an architectural style, Gothic,that would allow for variety within a unified whole. Gothic'svenerability suited the idea of a long-range plan. If it couldsurvive for five hundred years it could serve the universitythrough its period of growth. Thus, while Gothic seemed torefer to the past, it was, in actuality, a commitment to thefuture." — From the Introduction JEAN F BLOCKThe story of the University's architectural development is broughtto life in this handsome volume: how through four décades ofsocial change and shifring architectural fashions the original planstood firm; how various notable architects brought their differinginterprétations of Gothic to the campus. Not only does Jean Blocktrace the growth of this one particular campus but she relates it tothe aspirations of the institution and to the place of architectural design in the history of American higher éducation.With 225 photographs, maps, and architectural draw-ings, this richly evocative book will delight ail whohâve trod the quadrangles, admired thetowers, and hurried past thewatchful eye of a gargoyle$19.95 ($17.95 withcoupon) :to•htm m mmU fïr iît. fffT10%ALUMNIDISCOUNTwith thiscoupon The University of Chicago Press, Dept. BN, 5801 Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637Please send me copy(ies) of THE USES OF GOTHIC @$17.95 each. (06004-7) I understand that if not fully satisfiedI may retum book for fuïl crédit or canceUation of charges. Publisher pays postage. (Orders to Illinois addresses add 7%,Chicago 8%, sales tax)Payment or MasteiCard/VlSA information must accompany order. D Payment enclosed D MasterCard D VISAName Crédit Card #Address Expiration Bank IDCity/State/Zip Signature Total enclosed $ _ AD 0573BOOKS by AlumniChuan-hua Lowe, PhB'23, of San Francisco, has written an autobiography enti-tled Facing Adversities With a Smile.J. Marvin Weller, SB'23, PhD'27author, and Harriet Weller, X'47, editor,Caravan Across China (March Hare Publishing). This journal covers the expériences ofa geologist in the search for oil in the north-west provinces of China in the late 1930's. Itdescribes Mohammedan warlords, Tibetanmonasteries, and rigorous travel across theGreat Gobi Désert by camel caravan whichultimately resulted in the development ofChina's first major oil field.Charles W. Meister, AM'42, PhD'48, AChekhov Bibliography (McFarland and Co.).Meister has written two previous books onreligion and dramatic criticism.Evelyn Millis Duvall PhD'46, andBrent C. Miller, Marriage and Family Development (Harper and Row). This textbook covers every aspect of marriage and family lifefrom abortion to women in the work force.James B. McMillan, PhD'46, editor,Indian Place Names in Alabama (University ofAlabama Press). This study deals with thelinguistic origin and meaning of AmericanIndian géographie names in Alabama.Vivian Gussin Paley, PhB'47, Boys andGirls: Superheroes in the Doll Corner (University of Chicago Press). Boys and Girls narrâtes the story of the classroom lives of agroup of kindergarten children during theyear in which they firmly establish themselves as boys and girls.Gerald A. Rodgers, AB'47, The GospelAccording to ferry (Latter Pain PublishingHouse). A study in religious psychologyaccording to Anton Boisen of the ChicagoTheological Seminary.Marc Galanter, AB'50, AM'54, JD'56,Competing Equalities, Law and the BackwardClasses in India (University of CaliforniaPress). Galanter is professor of law and ofSouth Asian studies at the University ofWisconsin-Madison. His book provides thefirst comprehensive study of the Indianexpérience concerning the governmentaleffort to integrate an oppressed andexcluded population of Untouchables andtribal people into the mainstream of thenational life of India. This analysis illuminâtes the choices and tensions inhérent inpolicies of compensatory préférence.John M. Bail, SM'52, An Atlas ofNuclearEnergy: A Nontechnical World Portrait of Commercial Nuclear Energy (Georgia State University). This atlas présents the geographyand history of world commercial nuclearpower with particular emphasis on theUnited States. Neither pro- nor anti-nuclear, it introduces commercial nuclearpower data in a séries of specially preparedtables and text.Daniel Saltz, AB'53, SB'54, A Short Cal-culus: An Applied Approach (Scott, Fores-man). Saltz lives in San Diego, CA.James D. McCawley, SM'58, The Eater's Guide to Chinese Characters (University ofChicago Press). McCawley, "a linguist witha passion for Chinese food," explains howto translate and to read correctly a Chinesemenu. The book includes a glossary of Chinese characters and sample menus fromnotable restaurants.Ward Douglas Maurer, SB'58, APPLEAssembly Language, and Commodore 64 Assem-bly Language (Computer Science Press).Maurer is a professor of computer science atGeorge Washington University, Washington, D.C.John C. Brandt, PhD'60, and Robert D.Chapman, The Cornet Book: A Guide for theReturn of Halley's Cornet (Jones and BartlettPublishers, Inc.). The book is a popularlevel introduction to cometary astronomyand a primer for the once-in-a-lifetimereturn of Halley's Cornet, an event whichwill take place in 1985 and 1986.Harvey M. Choldin, AB'60, AM'63,PhD'65, Cifies and Suburbs: An Introduction toUrban Sociology (McGraw-Hill). Choldinprésents a brief history of cities, concentrat-ing on the modem industrial city and thecontemporary U.S. metropolis. He summa-rizes research from différent perspectivesand explains several théories of urban life.Kenneth R. Johnston, AM'61, Wordsworthand "The Recluse" (Yale University Press).Johnston studies Wordsworth 's The Excursion(1814) and The Prélude to show that the poemThe Recluse does in fact exist, and that itsextant texts reveal certain significant pat-terns and répétitions. Thèse pattern are concerned with Wordsworth 's effort to turn hisromantic imagination toward social andpolitical commentary.George W. Liebman, JD'63, MarylandCivil Procédure Forms (West Publishing Company). Liebmann deals with the numerouschanges in Maryland's rules of civil procédure in 1984 that complicate form-draftingfor lawyers. He offers observations on thereasons behind the changes, and he compares the new forms to both the old Maryland forms and fédéral forms. Liebmann ischairman of the Governor's Commission onHealth Care Providers' Professional Liabil-ity Insurance. Liebman is in private practicein Baltimore.Candida Lund, PhD'63, In joy and In Sor-row: Prayers for Times Good and Bad (TheThomas More Association).Richard F. Klein, AM'64, and KathrynCruz-Uribe, AM'80, The Analysis of AnimalBones from Archeological Sites (University ofChicago Press). Klein and Cruz-Uribe survey various measures of taxonomic abun-dance and review methods for estimatingcomposition of a fossil species sample.Their book includes computer programsused to calculate and analyze numericaldata collected from the fossils. Klein is professor of anthropology and evolutionarybiology at the University, and Cruz-Uribe isa research associate in the department of anthropology at Brown University.Don A. Allen, AM'65, JD'78, withLanny J. Davis, Terry Bowman and JosephArmstrong, A User's Guide to Computer Con-tracting: Forms, Techniques, and Stratégies (Lawand Business/Harcourt Brace Jovanovich).This book is a fully annotated, comprehensive treatise on computer contracting, primarily for law and businessmen. Allenpractices law with Patton, Boggs and Blow,Washington, D.C.Linda Walvoord Girard, AM'66, Who Isa Stranger and What Should I Do?, and My BodyZs Private (Albert Whitman and Company).Thèse are children's books dealing withsensitive subjects, part of Whitman's line of"concept books." Girard is working on herdissertation in English.Patricia Buckley Ebrey, AB'68, translater and editor, Family and Property in SungChina, Yuan Ts'ai 's Percepts for Social Life (Princeton University Press). Yuan Ts'ai'stwelfth-century manual is the advice of atypical educated man on the concerns ofmanaging a family, from rearing childrenand arranging their marriages, to avoidingsocial conflict and managing property.Ebrey's translation of Yuan Ts'ai's manualincludes an extensive introductory essaythat draws on the manual and on other contemporary documents.Joseph F. Byrnes, AM'74, PhD'76, ThePsychology of Religion (Free Press/MacMil-lan). The book is both a history and a begin-ning synthesis presenting the accomplish-ments, the possibilities, and the limitationsof the psychology of religion.Jonathan Sperber, AM'74, PhD'80, Popular Catholicism in Nineteenth-Century Germany (Princeton University Press). Sperberlives in Chicago.Douglas J. Den Uyl, AM'74, andDouglas B. Rasmussen, The PhilosophieThought of Ayn Rand (University of IllinoisPress). Ayn Rand was a primary intellectualforce behind the contemporary libertarianmovement in political and social philosophy. This book examines Rand's variouswritings from the point of view of sevenmodem philosophers.Peter M. Barnett, JD'75, and Joseph A.McKenzie, Alternative Mortgage Instruments(Warren, Gorham and Lamont, Inc.). Thebook explains the légal and économie implications of récent innovations in residentialmortgage instruments. Barnett is an attor-ney with the firm of Jones, Day, Reavis andPogue, Dallas, TX.Alida Jatich, AB'76, C1CS CommandLevel Programming (John Wiley and Sons).C1CS is a programming language and software package for teleprocessing applications on IBM mainframe computers. Thisbook présents C1CS concepts, Systemdesign, coding, testing, and troubleshoot-ing. Jatich is a data processing consultant inChicago. HThe University of Chicago970 East 58th StreetChicago, Illinois 60637(312) 962-8729Plèbe T-Shirt50% Cotton, 50% PolyesterWhite with Maroon tri mSize: S, M, L, XL$7.80Hooded Sweatshirt50% Cotton 50% Creslan AcrylicColors: Maroon, GraySize: S, M, L, XL$19.80Sweatshirt50% Cotton, 50% Creslan AcrylicColors: Maroon, Gray, Navy, WhiteSizé: S, M, L, XL$14.40University of ChicagoCrested Tie'olyester,'y/w Maroon logo or . :_p^^Maroon/w Navy Loge' ->,' ^$9.75 '" .?*'¦Solid Brass Key Ring/5 *with logo$3.90ORDER FORMThe University of Chicago BookstoreGift Department970 E. 58th Street, Chicago, 111. 60637(312) 962-8729Ship to: .Street —State MasterCard D [-"H Visa DCrédit Card Nu. Issuing Bank No - Expiration Date Signature: okstorT DEPARTMENT