The University ofCHICAGO^Magazine /June 1980-? *. ï :t ¦ ¦ i;jKFHpK-'i- 'p .«ri '¦¦¦¦A- jHr^jlt JU^2 8:1965 "^USBTHE PEPTIDE CONNECTIONNew Hope for Diabetics«pf*Will you help us replenishRobie House's cupboards?The Office of University Alumni Affairsand the Alumni Association are now happily occupyingthe Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House.We are excited about our new home and see itas a house that suits the alumni community. We hâvemore public space and a large and functional kitchen.Our intent is to make Robie Housethe alumni center of the University and to makeits public space available to alumni formeetings and social gatherings.To do so, we are trying to acquire china, flatware,silver serving pièces, and other accoutrementsfor entertaining. We are especially interestedin the University of Chicago commemorativeSpode and Wedgwood dinner plates.If you hâve anything suitable that you are willingto donate, please contact Ruth Halloran atRobie House, 5757 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago 60637.We hope you will plan to visit us at Robie House.Please try to corne to campusduring the summer months. It is beautifuland we will be delighted to give you a spécial tour. The Editor's NotesUniversity of Chicago alumni love achallenge.To turn out a publication for thealumni of this University is a challengewe most recently hâve taken on, withpleasure.To a writer/editor, being given theopportunity to tell the stories of thisUniversity's constituencies — alumni,students, faculty administration, staff,and friends — is like being promised alifetime's free supply of frango mints.*So many of you do such fascinatingthings it's not a matter of what will wereport/write/edit, but when will we do it,and will we hâve the space?As you may hâve noticed, theMagazine has been re-designed.But its basic aims remain the same,to bring information about the variousmembers of the University communityto each other.We plan to include more articlesabout alumni around the world, andmore articles by and about students. Wewill présent reports on ail of the différentkinds of research and scholarly workgoing on at the University. We also willcontinue the long-standing tradition ofthis Magazine of presenting articles byour distinguished faculty.We hope to share with you the issuesfaced by an institution of higher learningin the '80s, and hope that you, in turn,will voice your opinions about the University's plans and progress.Starting in the next issue, we willrun a Letters to the Editor column. We invite you to speak out.The 87,000 alumni of this Universityare a diverse group, ranging in âge fromabout twenty to over ninety. To meet thetastes of our readers, we will strive for avariety of content. Our aim will be toinform, educate, stimulate, and, wehope, entertain you.Let us hear what you like — or don'tlike — as we go along, so that we canattune our efforts to enhance your read-ing pleasure.Now, how long has it been since yousent the Magazine an item on yourselffor Class News?FELICIA ANTONELLI HOLTON, AB'50Editor* Frango mints, indescribably délectable chocolatécandies, are mode by a world-famous Chicago de-partment store.EditorFelicia Antonelli Holton, AB'50Assistant EditorFlorence Hammet, MAT'74Design ConsultantSusan Jackson KeigThe University of ChicagoOffice of Alumni AffaireRobie House5757 Woodlawn AvenueChicago, minois 60637Président, The University of ChicagoAlumni AssociationCharles W. Boand, LLB'33, MBA'57Executive Directorof University Alumni Aff airsPeter Kountz, AM'69, PhD'76Associate Directorof University Alumni AffaireRuth HalloranNational Program DirectorSylvia Hohri, AB'77Chicago Area Program DirectorMaria LedochowskiAlumni Schools Committee DirectorRobert Bail, Jr.X'71The University of ChicagoAlumni AssociationExecutive Committee, The CabinetCharles W. Boand, LLB'33, MBA'57Barbara Gilfillan Crowley, AB'44Dr. Catherine Lindsay Dobson, MD'32Daniel C Smith, SB'37, JD'40Wiliam C Flory, . AB'48Michael C. Krauss, AB'75, MBA'76Max Schiff , Jr. AB'36Beverly Jo Splane, AB'67, MBA' 69Faculty/Alumni Advisory Committeeto The University of Chicago MagazineEdward W. Rosenheim, AB'39, AM'47, PhD'53.ChairmanDavid B. and Clara E. Stern Professor, Departmentof English and the CollègeWalter J. Blum, AB'39, JD'41Wilson-Dickinson Professor, The Law SchoolJohn A. SimpsonArthur Holly Compton Distinguished ServiceProfessor, Department of Physics and the CollègeLorna P. Straus, SM'60, PhD'62Dean of Students in the CollègeAssociate Professor, Department of Anatomy andthe CollègeGreta Wiley Flory, PhB'48Eugène Priest Forrester, II, AB'77Linda Thoren, AB'64, JD'67The University of Chicago Magazine is publishedby The University of Chicago in coopération withthe Alumni Association. Published continuouslysincel907. Editorial Office (312) 753-2325Copyright © 1980 by The University of Chicago.Published five rimes a year, June, August,November, January, and March. The magazine issent to ail University of Chicago alumni. Pleaseallow eight weeks for change-of-address.Second-class postage paid at Chicago, IL., and atadditional mailing offices.Photo Crédits: Cover, pp. 5, 6, 12, 13, 21, James L.Ballard; pp. 3, 4, 18, 19, Archie Lieberman; pp. 8, 9,Jean Gwaltney; pp. 14-17, Don Rocker; p. 22,Michael Shields; p. 24, Michael Weinstein; p. 26,Jean Grant, Oriental Institute; p. 40, George Tames,The New York Times. The University ofCHICAGOMagazine / June, 1980Volume 72, Number 3 (ISSN 0041-9508)IN THIS ISSUE2 Pursuing the Peptide ConnectionResearch at the University is revealing important new factsabout diabètes, which offer new hope for the nation's tenmillion diabetics.8 Reflections on an Education at ChicagoBY DAVID BRODER, AB'47, AM'51, ANDANN COLLAR BRODER, AB'48, AM'51A husband-and-wife alumni team looks back on their éducationat Chicago, and muses on how it helped prépare them for life.12 The Booklover's Priceless GiftChicago businessman Ludwig Rosenberger gives his preciousbook collection to Regenstein library14 The University of Chicago Cornes toCincinnati & PittsburghPrésident Hanna H. Gray's travels to meet alumni hâve takenher to eighteen cities in eighteen months.18 "Not Merely Bookworms"Having met Cecil Rhodes' stringent qualifications, two moreChicago students become Rhodes Scholars.26 Even Shahrazad Would Hâve Been Impressed . . .The fascinating fate of the earliest known pièce of manuscriptrecording her famous 1,001 Nights.28 Skiing BlindBY PHILIP MAHER, CLASS OF 1982Freshman Stephen Skobel, a downhill racer, teaches his blindfather to ski.40 Solomon New Fédéral Reserve Head in New YorkAn alumni profileDEPARTMENTS21 News of the Quadrangles30 Alumni Events31 Alumni News32 Class News38 Deaths37 Musings from Robie HouseCover photo: Charles Bail, while a patient at Billings Hospital, returns from his dailyrunning stint on the Midway. Bail, a diabetic, is wearing (at his waist) an insulin-infusion pump, which provides a steady flow of insulin to his body. Purpose of thepump is to imitate, as closely as possible, the body's own production of insulin.Pursuing the PEPTIDE ConnectionWhen Charles Bail, 46, a diabetic for the pasttwo years, checked into Billings Hospital fortests last winter he assumed he'd hâve toforego his daily one-hour running stint. Not so, said hisphysician, Dr. Richard Bergenstal, an endocrinology fel-low in the Department of Medicine. Dr. Bergenstal ex-plained that he wanted his patient to carry on as many ofhis normal activities as possible.Bail was there to help test an insulin-inf usion pump.The open-loop insulin-infusion pump is a smallmechanized unit worn on a belt at the patient's waist. It isattached to a needle implanted just under the patient'sskin, in the abdomen. The pump automatically injects asteady flow of insulin into the patient's body ail day, andimitâtes normal insulin sécrétion more closely than injections by needle.The insulin-infusion pump, still in the expérimentalstages, may free an insulin-dependent diabetic fromhaving to take daily injections of the hormone. Moreimportant, it may vastly improve the diabetic's chances ofpreventing the serious physical complications which canresuit from the disease.Wearing the pump, Bail put in his daily hour ofrunning, taking to the Midway no matter what theweather was like, (see cover.) He found the pump com-fortable, and removed it only to shower. And he enjoyedthe brief respite it gave him from the three or four injections of insulin he must give himself daily.In the brief time that he wore the pump Bail said hecouldn't detect any différence in his reactions to thesteady flow of insulin provided by the pump from theperiodic amounts of insulin which he normally receivesfrom injections throughout the day.But Mrs. Sophie Condon, who also tried the pumpfor several days as a Billings Hospital patient, said:"In the thirty-two years I've had diabètes, I never feltso good.""The pump is large and rather obvious at this point, "said Dr. Bergenstal, "But once its effectiveness is clinicallyproven, I'm sure that industry will compact the design formore convenience, much like what was done with pocketcalculators."The experiments with the insulin-infusion pump are among many exciting new developments in the treat-ment of diabètes which today are lending new hope tothe nation's ten million diabetics, (1.5 million of whom aretotally insulin-dependent.)Some of the most important of thèse developmentsstem from research being done at the University ofChicago 's Diabètes and Research Training Center.Diabètes occurs when the body is unable to utilizesugar properly. The body produces a hormone calledinsulin, secreted by the pancréas, which allows tissues toutilize sugar molécules. In a diabetic, something goeswrong with the body's ability to produce insulin, and thepatient develops an abnormally high blood sugar level.Traditionally, treatment for diabètes consists of regu-lar injections of insulin, (made from animal insulin, usu-ally from pigs or cows,) to supplément the body's low-ered production level. Many diabetics require one ormore insulin injections daily, and can become ill if a doseis missed.According to surveys, the majority of the public con-siders diabètes to be a chronic disease treatable by insulin. But the National Commission on Diabètes says thedisease and its complications rank as the third leadingfatal-disease category in the U.S., surpassed only bycardiovascular disease and cancer.When the hormone, insulin, was discovered almostsixty years ago, it suddenly helped doctors make sensé ofwhat had been a baffling disease. Diabètes could be seenas a simple metabolic defect with a single cause — thefailure of a group of cells in the pancréas, called the isletsof Langerhans, to make insulin. When further workshowed that animal insulin worked in humans, diabèteswas considered to hâve a single life-saving treatment,exogenous insulin.Unfortunately, that rather simplistic view of diabètesand its treatment prevailed for a long time."For too many years diabètes was seen as a singledisease that was not life-threatening if treated with insulin," said Dr. Arthur Rubenstein, professor of medicineand director of the Diabètes Research and Training Centerat the University."People considered it as a chronic disease and ig-nored the terrible fact that insulin treatment often lets2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980Biomédical researchers decipher the intricate messageswhich the body's cells send one another,to yield the secrets ofhow they work.Their aim is tofind better ways to diagnose, manage, andmonitor the nation's third worst kïller disease, diabètes.Dr. Arthur Rubensteinpeople live long enough to suffer blindness, gangrené,kidney failure, nerve damage, and cardiovascular complications."The tragedy is that thèse complications frequentlyset in for a high proportion of thèse patients about fif teenor twenty years after the onset of insulin-dependentdiabètes. For young people, that means they are mostaffected when they are in the prime of life," said Dr.Rubenstein."Is there something patient, family, and doctor couldbe doing during those years to prevent or minimize those disabilities? That's the main question."Dr. Rubenstein and other biomédical researchers aretrying to answer that question by taking a hard look atdiabètes, attempting to find ways to make it easier todiagnose, manage, and monitor."The current emphasis on diabètes research owes itssource to two lay groups, the Juvénile Diabètes Foundation and the American Diabètes Association, whichconvinced Congress to increase funding for researchon this disease," explained Dr. Rubenstein.Dr. Donald F. Steiner, MD '56, MS '563One resuit was the establishment at the Universityof the Diabètes Research and Training Center(DRTC) in 1977, one of seven in the country,funded by the National Institute of Arthritis,Metabolism, Diabètes, and Digestive Diseases. Work ondiabètes is being done by researchers at the Universityand its affiliated institution, the Michael Reese Hospitaland Médical Center.Serving as associate directors of DRTC are Dr.Donald F. Steiner, MD'56, MS'56, A.N. Pritzker Professorof Biochemistry and Medicine at the University; Dr.Lawrence A. Frohman, professor of medicine and director of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism atMichael Reese; and Dr. Leslie J. Sandlow, director of theEducational Development Unit, School of Health Sciences, and associate vice-président for académie affairs atMichael Reese.Basic and clinical research at the University alreadyhâve yielded several exciting developments which arehelping to improve the diagnosis and treatment ofdiabètes. Among thèse are:• Discovery by Dr. Donald F. Steiner of how insulinand other pancreatic hormones are made in the body,through a séries of precursor molécules that are largerthan the hormones themselves.• The first identification of genetic defects in theinsulin molécules, which cause diabètes, by Dr. HowardS. Tager, assistant professor of biochemistry, and Dr.Rubenstein.• Development by Dr. Rubenstein of a sensitive testwhich can be used to measure levels of a substance calledproinsulin in the blood, and which enables physicians torapidly diagnose tumors in the islets of Langerhans in thepancréas.• Development by Dr. Rubenstein of a test whichcan measure C-peptide levels in the blood, which permitsphysicians to gauge the level of residual functioning ofthe beta (insulin-producing) cells in a diabetic patient.In 1965 Dr. Steiner, whose interests includeendocrinology and biochemistry, was able to show howinsulin is made in the pancreatic beta cells.There are at least four cell types in the islets ofLangerhans in the pancréas; alpha or A cells which makethe hormone glucagon; beta or B cells which make thehormone insulin; delta or D cells which make the hormone somatostatin; and yet another cell type whichmakes pancreatic polypeptide, another candidate hormone product."Actually, I was following in a long-established tradition at the University," said Dr. Steiner, a tall man withan easy-going air. "In 1907 two members of the AnatomyDepartment hère, M. A. Lane and R.R. Bensley, were thefirst to identify the alpha and beta cells in the islets ofLangerhans in guinea pigs. Later on, in 1930, Dr. WilliamBloom, also a well known histologist at the University,first described the delta cells."However, it took almost forty-five years to find out4 what hormone was being made by thèse rather lessabundant islet cells.Dr. Steiner 's discovery showed that the double-chain molécule of insulin, as assembled in the beta cell,begins as a longer single chain, which he named "proinsulin." The proinsulin molécule is formed first, as aprecursor, and is then converted to insulin within the cell.In proinsulin, the two chains of the insulin molécule, theA and B chains, he demonstrated, are held together by afairly large Connecting bridge, which he called theC-peptide (the C stands for Connecting; small proteinchains are called peptides.)Dr. Steiner 's discovery was of major importance be-cause it showed, for the first time, the séquence of stepsby which insulin was made; Until then it was believedthat insulin was made by synthesizing each of its twocomponent chains — the A andB chains — then combiningthem."Our work on proinsulin showed that the A and Bchains and the C-peptide were ail parts of a larger chainwhich had the unique ability to fold up on itself so as toform sulfur bridges between the two chains, quite spon-Dr. Howard S. TagerTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980taneously and efficiently. The subséquent cleavage ofproinsulin then led to the release of insulin andC-peptide," explained Dr. Steiner.The information about how the two chains arebrought together is important to scientists who are nowtrying to make insulin by genetic engineering. By f ollow-ing the natural séquence of steps by which the bodymakes insulin, they may be able to induce bacteria tomake insulin."Part of the promise of thèse new methods is thatvery soon scientists may be able to use almost any gènethat has been isolated, as has the human gène for pre-proinsulin, which contains the coded instructions formaking pre-proinsulin and, eventually, insulin. Theymay be able to implant such gènes into human cells thatnormally wouldn't be able to make insulin, and thusre-program them to produce the hormone. Perhaps theyultimately will be able to take a few cells from an indi-vidual, modify them in the laboratory, and then transplant them back into the patient to replace détective cellsor gènes. Something of this sort already has been donewith the globin gènes, the gènes for the blood protein,hemoglobin," explained Dr. Steiner.Eventually, researchers believe they may be able toidentify diabètes as not one, but many diseases. Andthey are on the track of différent causes of diabètes. Workby one researcher at the University indicates that at leastone type of diabètes may be caused by a virus.Dr. Âke Lernmark, a Swedish endocrinologist, whohas been working in Dr. Steiner 's laboratory, and Dr.Zachary Freedman, working with Dr. Rubenstein, hâvebeen studying antibodies circulating in the blood ofnewly-diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetics. Scientists hâve known that some of thèse antibodies are di-rected against internai components of beta cells in theislets of Langerhans, and Dr. Lernmark has demon-strated that they also are directed to components that areexposed on the surface of the cell, in the cell's plasmamembrane."That's potentially a very important finding becauseit means that thèse antibodies may be able to attackintact, healthy beta cells and perhaps thereby play a rôlein their destruction," said Dr. Steiner. "In the initial stagesof insulin-dependent diabètes, the islets often appear todevelop an inflammation, with lymphocytes and othercells associated with immune reactions surrounding thebeta cells. In the course of time, usually within about ayear after the onset of diabètes, the level of thèse antibodies drops considerably, but during that year, there isusually considérable progression of the disease, to apermanent and more insulin-dependent form. It isthought that the antibodies may be initially triggered by adestructive lésion in the islets, such as a viral infection.We would like to be able to interrupt this destructive cycleas closely as possible to its inception, but at présent welack the methods and knowledge to do so. Nonetheless,this is now a very promising area for further research." Scientists at the DRTC use a highly sophisticateddevice called a Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorterto study the various cells in the islets of Langerhans."The sorter allows us to fractionate a population ofcells according to whatever characteristics of the cells wemay choose," said Dr. Steiner.In the sorter, a suspension of cells are passed indi-vidually through a high power laser beam. Light de-flected by the cells is collected and analyzed. An electricalcircuit is then activated to cause the desired cells, eachbathed in its own tiny droplet of fluid, to be deflected intoa collection bottle, while other unwanted cells are al-lowed to pass by. The mieroprocessing electronic circuitswhich operate in the cell sorter work so rapidly that theycan sort up to 300,000 cells per minute.When Dr. Rubenstein first arrived at the University,he began to work on problems similar to those Dr. Steinerwas investigating.Drs. Rubenstein and Steiner, while studying theprocessing of proinsulin to insulin, found that when theproinsulin inside the cell was converted to insulin, theC-peptide was formed at the same time."Theref ore we had a situation where one molécule ofproinsulin was converted into two products, insulin andthe Connecting peptide," said Dr. Rubenstein. "As a clini-cian I was interested in the fact that now it was clear thatthe sécrétion of the beta cells contained not just insulinalone, but at least three molécules — proinsulin, insulin,and C-peptide."(Dr. Rubenstein's accent reveals his South Africanorigins. After graduation from the University of Wit-waterstrand, he did postdoctoral work in London, beforecoming to Chicago in 1967.)In the late 1960s, Dr. Rubenstein, in coopération witha séries of colleagues, was able to establish methods tomeasure proinsulin and C-peptide in the blood."Methods to measure insulin were already avail-able," he explained. "In the early 1960s Dr. Rosalyn Yalowand Dr. Solomon Bersohn in New York established thetechnique called radioammunoassay, which is a very sen-sitive technique used to measure small amounts of circulating proteins and peptides in the blood. We adaptedit for measurement of C-peptide and proinsulin."Dr. Rubenstein's test for measuring levels of proinsulin is now being used by physicians for rapid diagnosis oftumors which may occur in the islets of Langerhans."Thèse are tumors which grow from beta cells, andwhich secrète an excess amount of insulin into the blood.Patients with thèse tumors get severe hypoglycemia (lowblood sugar,) and hâve épisodes of sweating, becomedisoriented, and may enter either into a severe state ofconfusion or lose consciousness."In some cases you can diagnose the tumors easilyby measuring the level of insulin, but not in ail," said Dr.Rubenstein. "We hâve found from a study of sixty toseventy of thèse tumors, from tissue samples sent us bymany physicians, that the proinsulin level in the blood of5more than eighty percent of thèse patients is diagnosti-cally elevated. So now we test for an elevated level ofcirculating proinsulin to detect a tumor."Dr. Rubenstein's second test, for measurement ofC-peptide levels, has enabled physicians to assess betacell function in insulin-dependent diabetics. This hasenormous implications for potentially helping diabeticsretain some of the normal functioning of their beta, orinsulin-producing cells, which, in turn, may help staveoff the serious complications which may occur later in adiabetic's lire.Physicians had assumed that by the time aninsulin-dependent diabetic was diagnosed, his pancréaswas heavily damaged and his beta cells were non-functioning. This assumption could not be tested, be-cause once a patient began to receive injections of animalinsulin, there was no way of measuring the output of hisown insulin. Laboratory tests cannot readily detect thedifférence between animal and human insulin.When Dr. Rubenstein ran the new test on patients hefound that those who retained some beta cell functionwere more successful at managing their disease. Theytended to hâve fewer hypoglycémie reactions, fewerhospitalizations for acute diabetic decompensation, andwere better able to exercise without difficulty, in terms oftheir blood sugar level."We think the explanation is that if you injectexogenous insulin once or twice a day there is nominute-to-minute control, once it is injected. It is ab-sorbed and circulâtes. On the other hand, the beta cells inthe pancréas usually respond in a beautifully tuned wayto the body's glucose levels. If the glucose levels are high,the cells secrète more insulin; if the levels are low, the cellsswitch off. Therefore you hâve a control mechanism inthe pancréas which is lost when you inject insulin once ortwice a day. Our conclusion now is that if you hâve someinsulin secretory ability left, albeit ten, twenty, or thirtypercent, that residual amount can be manipulated by theglucose level. Therefore, the rétention of some functionby the beta cells gives the person an additional controlmechanism, which allows him to modulate his bloodsugars in a much better fashion than if his beta cells weretotally non-functioning."The précise relationship, if any, between strictblood-glucose control and degenerative complications has never been established. But doctorshâve long observed that shortly after a newly-diagnosed diabetic is put on exogenous insulin he goesthrough a "honeymoon" phase, in which the body's betacells appear to résume at least some function. Manyphysicians believe that tight control in that period mayhelp prolong remission of the disease, and maintainsome measure of normal insulin sécrétion."This calls for far better blood-sugar controlthan most patients can achieve by injection," said Dr.Rubenstein. "One reason past studies hâve been sounsatisfactory is that our ability to control glucose has either been modéra tely bad or very bad. Now, for thevery first time, methods are beginning to émerge thatmay normalize blood sugar."Among the methods being tested is régulation ofblood sugar in diabetics by use of the insulin-infusionpump, which we mentioned earlier.The laboratory of another DRTC member, Dr.Howard S. Tager, in the Cummings Life ScienceCenter, resembles one in a sci-fi flick, with miles of glasstubing.Dr. Tager is doing research on the biosynthesis andmechanism of action of peptide hormones, mainly insulin and glucagon. For some time he's been concentra tingon glucagon, a small peptide hormone which acts theopposite of insulin, and causes blood sugar levels to goup.In collaboration with Dr. Steiner, he has recentlyidentified the precursor for glucagon, in its process ofbeing made in the pancréas.Like any good researcher, Dr. Tager relishes beinghanded a mystery to solve, and he talks enthusiasticallyof an enigmatic case on which he worked with Dr.Rubenstein, which led them to the world's first discoveryof a genetic defect in the insulin molécule."The patient was a man from California, and thework on his case was a collaborative effort between usand Dr. Jerold Olefsky of the University of Colorado. Wegot involved when the patient's physician, Dr. R.Poucher, sent a sample of the man's blood for us toanalyze."The man was moderately diabetic, but he had highlevels of plasma insulin. This was contradictory. How-ever, his doctor felt there might be an explanation for it.Usually such a situation can be attributed to a syndromecalled insulin résistance, which means that a patient's6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980cells are unable to respond to insulin, even though thehormone may be there," explained Dr. Tager."The patient was given porcine insulin, which manydiabetics use for blood sugar control. Surprisingly, heresponded to the animal insulin normally. Now this waspuzzling. The suggestion was that he had in his blood aninactive insulin, since he responded well to animal insulin, but not to his own."When the patient underwent surgery for a pancreatic mass, a small amount of tissue was removed forstudy. We managed to get three grams — not much, butwe worked with it."From this three grams we were able to isolate thepatient's insulin, and found that he was making twoinsulins, which suggested that possibly both of his insulin gènes were actively expressing the hormone. He had,actually, a mixture of normal and this abnormal insulin.The abnormal one was antagonizing the action of thegood insulin in his own blood, and we were able toidentify the structural abnormality."This is the first actual identification of a geneticdefect in the insulin molécule to cause diabètes. Doctorshâve long known that diabètes often runs in families, butthey hâve not had any real understanding of what waswrong, at the cellular level. This patient represents onepossibility."It was a rare case, but the question is: How rare? Thefirst one you identify is always rare; but the rest usuallycorne along much faster. This may not be as rare a geneticdefect as we first thought," said Dr. Tager.Because the abnormal insulin (found in the patient'sblood) is antagonistic to normal insulin, it provides anexcellent probe for observing how insulin works."We can now synthesize this analogue (a chemicallyproduced substitute) and ask: How does it antagonize theaction of insulin? If you can find out how it is antagonizing the action, you can then figure out how insulinactually works," said Dr. Tager.Since that first discovery, Drs. Rubenstein and Tagerhâve gone on to identify two other genetic defects ininsulm-producing cells. Their discoveries may make itpossible for physicians eventually to identify some high-risk candidates before they develop diabètes. Whilemethods of preventing diabètes hâve not yet been found,this knowledge could be very helpful to the person at riskand his physician, for planning tight control of the disease in its early stages.Another part of the DRTC team conducts its work ina séries of laboratories in the Dreyfus Building at theMichael Reese Médical Center. Dr. Lawrence Frohman isstudying the régulation of hormone function by the central nervous System. He is examining the brain's controlof the pituitary gland by a séries of hormones, some ofwhich hâve been identified and isolated, some of whichhâve been recognized but not yet purified.Dr. Frohman is trying to détermine the circulatinglevels of two hormones, somatostatin and neurotensin, Dr. LeslieJ. Sandlowin the blood, since both aff ect the release of the pancreatichormones, insulin and glucagon.Working with Dr. Sébastian P. Grossman, professorof behaviorial sciences at the University, Dr. Frohmanalso has been studying the peripheral mechanisms bywhich the hypothalamus controls insulin sécrétion inanimais that are obèse."There has long been a récognition that if youdestroy a portion of the hypothalamus, (which has com-monly been dubbed the 'satiety center of the brain,' al-though it's much more complex than that,) that animaisovereat and become very fat," explained Dr. Frohman."They seem to develop a new set point for body weight,which they will then try to défend if you experimentallytry to alter it. If you destroy the hypothalamus the animaleats excessively and gains weight to a new plateau. Atthat point, if you starve the animal back to his originalweight level, by withholding food, the animal will laterstart over-eating to return to that elevated level. Or if youforce feed the animal above this new weight, he will stopeating and try to go back down to it."We hâve been trying to détermine if this in volvessimple behavioral changes, or a combination of be-havioral and primary metabolic changes, and we hâvebegun to find évidence for the latter. Some animais withgenetic obesity will go on to develop diabètes, so we arelooking at the mechanism whereby obesity and diabètesare interrelated," explained Dr. Frohman.The National Institutes of Health grant to the DRTCmakes an unusual provision for a training and translationgrant."Ordinarily, it takes years for findings from basicresearch to be translated to practical measures," explained Dr. Leslie J. Sandlow, who runs this part of theContinued on page 397In 1945 World War II ended, I turned sixteen andjoined Robert Maynard Hutchins' "community ofscholars" on the Midway. Six years later I emergedwith two degrees, a husband (as was the custom of thetime), and a set of mental tools for examining life.In 1955 I found myself and the world's most charm-ing baby in a garden apartment in Arlington, Virginia.The intervening years had been pleasant. I had heldvarious odd jobs while following David during his armyservice, and spent two years with the women's page atthe Bloomington Daily Pantagraph, (IL.) But I had under-gone no préparation for life in the suburbs. According tothe pop sociology of the day, suburban life was a bottom-less pit of négative values. Some of you may rememberthat a book called The Crack in the Picture Window led thebest-seller lists.Fortunately a University of Chicago graduate canobserve, interpret, and integrate a problem. David left forwork. The baby was squishing a banana through his fingers in a charming fashion. Averting my eyes, I ad-dressed the wall above the kitchen sink, "This is a FieldTrip."Thus began what surely has become one of thelongest field trips on record. It has included three morecharming babies, local politics, FTAs, and some excitingside excursions into David 's world of politics and power.In those far-off times, a political reporter was (andstill is) expected to hâve no political affiliations. This was(is) doubly true for his wife. Imagine the embarrassmentif she appeared at an event the paper was expected tocover. But the sixties brought changes to even the mostsheltered backwaters. In 1971 no one seemed to thinkthere was any objection to David's 16-year-old son (thecharming baby) working for various anti-war groups.Why, then, could not David's 42-year-old wife do some-thing more than stuff envelopes?Service on the school board was a logical culminationof many expériences. Any one who has lived in ChicagoContinued on page 10REFLECTIONS ON AN EDUCATIONDavid Broder, AB'47, AM'51When Dean of Students RobertStrozier introduced the editor ofThe Maroon to the chancellor,Robert Hutchins asked:"Can't you put him to workdoing something useful, likewashing Windows? "THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/JUNE1980Left behind with a banana-squishing baby when herhusband went off to work at theglamorous Washington Post, AnnBroder resolved to "observe,interpret, and integrate." Todayshe's président of one of themost successful schoolboards in the nation.Ann Collar Broder, AB'48, AM'51BY ANN COLLAR BRODER, AB '48, AM '51Ann Collar Broder is serving as président of the Arlington, VASchool Board for the second time; it is a rotating chairmanship. The Broders hâve four sons, George, 25, Josh, 23, Matthew, 21,and Michael, 18.Al CJrilC-AvjO A husband-wife alumni team looks back-BY DAVID BRODER, AB '47, AM '51David Broder is a nationally-syndicated political columnist onthe staff of The Washington Post.In a column I wrote at the time of Robert MaynardHutchins' death, I observed that the expérience ofbeing editor of TheMaroon during his chancellorshipwas probably the best training one could hâve had forbeing a Washington correspondent in the presidency ofRichard Nixon. No one who had experienced the intellec-tual and social scorn Hutchins could direct at a studenteditor was likely to be intimidated by Nixon and hisbunch of "plumbers."I recalled that one day when I was in the office ofRobert M. Strozier, then dean of students, Hutchinswalked in unannounced. Strozier, a courtly Georgian,introduced me to the chancellor, saying to Hutchins,"You know Dave Broder, the editor of The Maroon. "Hutchins' expression clearly indicated that he notonly did not know anyone by that name but had no wishto do so."Can't you put him to work doing something useful," he asked Strozier, "like washing Windows?" The suggestion was ignored, and so was the oppor-tunity the University offered to prépare onself for anhonorable académie or professional career. With lunaticunconcern (or so it seems in retrospect) I switched from aperfectly respectable political science major to a wonder-fully free-form smorgasbord "Divisional Master 's" program in social sciences, largely to achieve a flexibility ofschedule compatible with the full-time unpaid job ofrunning The Maroon. Journalism, I thought, was something you could do only until you grew up and found areal job. But it certainly seemed to be more fun thanHerman Finer's double-crédit required course foraspiring political scientists.The décision was made for the worst of reasons, butit has turned out to hâve unexpectedly bénéficiai conséquences. The économies courses in Gale Johnson's andKermit Eby's program provided at least a degree of f amil-iarity with the language and concepts of that field. (Iwish, now, that Abe Harris and the other economists hadContinued on page 119ANN BRODER-continuedfor six years knows that local government is where theaction is, and my student activities had included exten-sive politicking. (In Arlington, like many of myclassmates, I had continued to dabble in that intriguingworld.) In my undergraduate day s much of our thinkingand discussion had centered around the question of thenature of éducation. In PTA work, I had not only bakedmy share of cookies, but had also worked in theclassroom and with citizens' study groups.It should be explained that our Virginia schoolboards are appointed, rather than elected. The argumentgoes this way: "Our best people will not subject them-selves to the indignities of the électoral process; therefore, we secure the best by appointing them." However,after considérable political effort in the late 1940's andearly 1950's, Arlington obtained the législation authoriz-ing an elected school board.In 1955, responding to the Suprême Court décisionin Brownvs. the Board of Education, the elected Arlingtonboard issued an intégration plan. (They had a hard issueto sell.) The resuit was a spécial session of the statelégislature, and the end of an elected school board forArlington. How this bit of history relates to the "bestpeople" argument, I will not attempt to explain.The seven years since my appointaient to the Arlington School Board hâve been the most fascinating, themost frustrating, and the most challenging ones of mylife. It is my basic conviction that public éducation iscentral to American life, and that the current nationalcontroversies surrounding its worth must be resolved.Arlington has ail the problems, but it also has two advan-tages: It is small so that the problems are manageable,and it has maintained a tax base adéquate to its needs.For the last eight years the school system has beenstruggling with three basic problems. How do you dealwith a declining enrollment? In eleven years our enroll-ment has dropped from 26,000 to 15,000, and will continue to drop for another ten years.How do you change to meet the needs of an increas-ingly urbanized enrollment? One-third of our studentsbelong to minority groups and speak a total of fifty-threedifférent native languages.How do you maintain and increase test scores, de-spite a national décline?Dropping enrollment figures are a nationalphenomena, but the drop and the results hit Arlingtonearly. Fewer students required fewer teachers and noyoung teachers are hired. Closed schools mean few if anypromotional opportunities for administra tors. Smallerhigh schools hâve great difficulty providing extra-curricular activities and advanced placement courses.And what do you do with the buildings? Arlington has one great resource — an intelligent educated citizenry, willing to dévote timeto solving community problems. Most of thesteps we hâve taken are the results of citizen committeeor task group recommendations. Thèse include criteriafor when a school should be closed, attractive early re-tirement plans, the reorganization of our senior highschools from three to four-year programs, and transfer ofour buildings to other useful community purposes, in-cluding the first hospice in the area.Our non-English speaking students hâve certainlyadded diversity to our school System and caused us someinteresting dialogues with the fédéral government. Therewas, for instance, the Turkish boy found on the steps ofhis intermédiare school passing out slips of paper ufgingthe récipients to "kill ail the Greeks." There also was thelittle girl who received a certified check for seventhousand dollars at her elementary school. Apparently,her country's government permitted money to leave thecountry for médical and educational purposes.We hâve tried several methods of instruction withour non-English speaking students and hâve found thatthe best solution is a high-intensity, total immersion En-glish program with some subject matter instruction, ifpossible, in the native language. This has produced somecorrespondence from the fédéral authorities interested inmore native language instruction, but unable to tell uswhere to find teachers in fifty-three différent languages.Test scores hâve been a matter of national concern forsome years now. In Arlington our elementary scores hâvebeen steadily rising for six years and our secondary scoreshâve held steady. The school system has been workingwith a system of accountability for teachers in theclassroom and principals in the building. At the sametime, accomplishment objectives for each subject at eachgrade level hâve been set. Students are not promoteduntil they hâve mastered the required skills.Efforts hâve been made to meet the spécial needs ofail students. Everyone performing at two or more yearsbelow grade level is singled out for spécial help. Thegifted and talented are identified for spécial enrichment.Alternative schools and programs hâve been establishedat ail levels for students who désire either a more "tra-ditional" or a more independent approach.Education, we decided late at night in Green Hall,was a life-long process. My personal éducation has beenimmeasurably enriched by my involvement in publicéducation. My thanks go to the University which laid thegroundwork, and an apology to Robert M. Hutchins forbecoming an enthusiastic supporter of high-schoolsports.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980DAVID BRODER-confmuedcarried me far enough into the mysteries of their worldto prevent the sort of brain-lock I suffer on hearing aphrase like "spécial drawing rights.") The sociologycourses included an introduction to the survey researchtechniques which hâve become increasingly importanttools of both politics and journalism. The political sciencecourses that were part of the curriculum took me beyondAvery Leiserson's rendition of VO. Key's "Politics, Partiesand Pressure Groups, " into foreign policy (with HansMorgenthau) and political theory (with Jérôme Kerwinand David Easton.)The program was designed principally for those whowould be teaching social studies courses well below thegraduate-school level. But it proved to be perfectlyadapted to the needs of an aspiring journalist — whoseaudience, corne to think of it, may not be that différent inits attention-span or interest from that of the typicalhigh-school or junior-collège classroom.The great gift the University gave this student,however, was the expérience of the under-graduate collège. I entered it, as Ann did, with-out a high-school diploma, and, as a teen-ager, was to-tally captivated and tremendously excited by the freedomand challenge of the classroom, the campus and thelate-night dorm discussions. It was an ebullient, intoxi-cating atmosphère, a headlong rush through the intellec-tual rapids to an unknown destination. You were pitchedand tossed this way and that by the torrent of ideas,thrown for a loop when an argument you were makingcrashed on the rock of an unanticipated objection — butyou knew it was an adventure you would never forget.It was an intensely involving expérience, and yet onewhich taught you to distance yourself from embracingany viewpoint too easily. Hutchins' influence — and itwas proportional to his seeming aloofness — was that theuniversity community was both part of, and separatefrom, the larger world. From him and your teachers, youlearned to walk around a proposition and examine it fromthis side and that, to read between the lines of an argument and dig into its unstated implications and its as-sumed évidence. You learned to be wary of the conven-tional wisdom of the day.The Collège expérience left you, finally, with a faithin the process of thinking things through that was greaterthan your certainty that any particular proposition was immutably right. And that habit of mind, also, hasturned out to be comfortable for one working as a politicaljournalist.The political realm is surely différent from the worldof the "Hutchins" collège. But it is one in which skepti-cism is often warranted, where it pays to listen closelyand read carefully, and to walk around the block and ask alot of questions before signing up on anyone'strip to Utopia.In legend, political reporters are supposed to be, notjust skeptics, but cynics, and the older they are, the morecynical. In that respect, my éducation at the Universitywas a crippling defect. Search my mind as I can, the mostcynical remark I can remember from any teacher or ad-ministrator (for I believe Hutchins' proposai to make me awindow-washer was completely sincère) was one I heardfrom a sociology professor. He said that he was planningto publish an essay arguing that behind every racial,national and social stéréotype, however crude, there wasa kernel of truth. But that essay, he said, would not bepublished until his retirement.As a journalist, I hâve ignored too often the prudence of deferring judgment — or at least publication. AsAnn explains in her essay, she has been hightly success-ful in building a life and rôle for herself that is in no waydépendent on my standing at any moment in thepolitical- journalistic world. She has accepted with goodgrâce the fact that through the terms of six very différentprésidents, she has never had occasion to buy herself anew dress for a White House state dinner. Occasionally,she has inquired how I managed to offend every one ofthem so thoroughly and so soon that we were knocked offthe guest list — but she seemed to take it in stride.The short answer to her question is that my brushwith Hutchins led me to expect disdain to be the attitudeof even an enlightened ruler toward the journalists in hiskingdom. The long answer is that a Chicago éducationled me to put a lot more faith in the process of the publicdialogue than in the pronouncements of any particularprofessor or président.The expériences in Washington in the last twenty-five years hâve tended to confirm that view and hâvemade me even more grateful that I learned that lessonearly in life, before its discovery had any chance to makeme cynical.11The Bookbver'sPRICELESS GIFTOnce an immigrant, businessman Ludwig Rosenbergerdonates a unique collection, encompassing 750 yearsofjewish history, to Regenstein Library.K ¦ ' "¦¦¦¦'•" ¦ ¦hÉlJ i ¦Ëtffl B'^^^^^HHK^a^HLudwig RosenbergerIn 1529 Count Franz Wolf of Pezinok, Slovakia,charged thirty Jews with the murder of Christian chil-dren. Their alleged motive? Collecting the children'sblood for Je wish rites.The thirty Jews were condemned, and burned at thestake.Count Wolf 's charge, known as the blood libel, wasfalse . But in spite of repeated réfutations by authorities ofthe Catholic church, the belief that Jews killed Christianinfants for their blood was widespread, even in modemtimes.In 1540 a Christian theologian and religious reformer,Andréas Osiander, defended the Jews against the bloodlibel. He published his views in a book called Whether It IsTrue And Believable That The Jews Secretly Strangle ChristianChildren.The only existing copy of that book is now in theJoseph Regenstein Library. It is one of 25,000 volumesof Jewish social, political, and cultural history recently given to the University by Chicago businessman LudwigRosenberger."It is an unbelievable feat that one man acquired ailthèse books," said Robert Rosenthal, Curator of the Department of Spécial Collections in Regenstein Library. "Itis the last great collection of its kind. In terms of value, thebooks are priceless, since they cannot be replaced. Thelibrary and the University are privileged, and pleasedthat we hâve assumed this responsibility. "Born in Munich in 1904, Rosenberger decided toleave his home in 1924."It was a tense era in Germany," he said. "Everybodyhated everybody else. I'm just glad I got out in time."In those early years in Munich, Rosenberger hadalready acquired the intellectual yearnings that were tomotivate him to amass such a rich library."It is almost impossible with my life history not tobecome interested in the troubles of the Jewish people,"he said. "It wasn't anything but natural that a person12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980thinks about the underlying problems."Thinking led to reading, reading to study, and studyto a désire to own the books by those authors who stimu-lated his thought. After spending five years (1924-28) inPalestine, Rosenberger came to the U.S. where he hasspent the last fifty years in the housewares business, andpursuing what he modestly calls his "hobby.""In the 1940s and 1950s, a flood of literature that waspriceless came on the market. Whole libraries that hadjust been pushed around from one place to another inEurope were for sale. I had unusual opportunities toacquire things," Rosenberger said.One of the irreplaceable treasures in the collectionis John Toland's Reasons for Naturalizing the Jews in GreatBritain and Ireland published anonymously in 1714.Believing that Jews were economically useful to his coun-try, Toland argued for toleration and naturalization offoreign-born Jews, thus attracting Jews to England.Rosenberger 's copy is one of three known to exist.The collection also boasts twenty-five incunabula(books published in the first fifty years of printing); auto-graphed letters of Einstein, Freud, Heine, and Marx; awealth of material on the Dreyfus case, Mendelssohn,Spinoza, Rathenau, and the Rothschilds; numerousbooks about American Jewry published before 1851; writ-ings on the ancient Jewish community in China; andanti-Semitic tracts, from early polemics to Nazi prop-aganda. The collection is strongest in literature on Jewsand modem socialism, but Jewish nationalism, Zionism,and the Palestinian expérience are well represented.There are even pictures, stickers, broadsides, and caricatures within the collection.Rosenberger has sought only books on subjectswhich interested him in Western languages hereads. There are no books in Yiddish, Polish, Rus-sian, or Hebrew."Don't be misled by that line, 'Judaica,'" he said. "Ihâve only social and political literature. I hâve no religiousliterature."Rosenberger has stipulated in his agreement withthe University that the books must stay together for atleast fifty years."Ifs a serious question whether the books will bedispersed at that time," said Rosenthal. "The collectionhas a unity and a value that probably will make it advisa-ble for the library to maintain it as a unit. There are a lot ofadvantages to keeping it together, intellectually."It is also part of the agreement that the books beseparately housed. The library is currently implementingplans for putting the books, to be known as the LudwigRosenberger Collection, into their own facility.Meanwhile, the books rest on shelves on A-level ofthe Department of Spécial Collections.Rosenberger entrusted the collection to the University because, he said: Title page from a book by Anthonius Margaritha,who was a convert to ]udaism. The book dealswith Jewish customs, beliefs, and cérémonies. Itwas printed i$ Augsburg, Germany in 1531."It's a good place, a safe place, and a respected,learned institution. Besides, the transportation fromdowntown to Hyde Park was bad enough, but to transport it from hère to other cities as I was asked to do? Thatwas too much." (The books had been in his downtownMichigan Avenue office.)Rosenberger has libéral Visitation privilèges. He hasbeen given his own office at the library where he spendsseveral days a week helping Rosenthal and assistantcurator, Michael Ryan, arrange the books. The process isslow, for the books are cataloged by subject, reflecting thecollector 's interests and original system of classification.Through the years Rosenberger has meticulously notedeach volume on an index card in his own files. A complètecatalog was published in 1971, and subsequently updatedtwice. Rosenberger said that the catalog is in need of yetanother census.Rosenberger still finds time for reading, though hedoes not always read the éditions in his collection."I'm better off with a modem reprint. I don't hâveto be as careful as you hâve to be when you handlefirst éditions."He also reads many current periodicals to keep ab-reast of political events.The collector admitted to keeping a few books fromthe Ludwig Rosenberger Collection for himself."But if I wanted to bring every book back home thatI find difficult to part with, then I would hâve to hire theSears Tower."It is the library's good fortune that Ludwig Rosenberger has not rented space in the world's tallest buildingfor his reclaimed favorites. Hammet13The University of Chicago Cornes teBefore brunch in Pittsburgh, Mrs. Gray sharesajoke.PrésidentHanna H. Gray hasvisited alumniaround the nationto discuss withthem thechallenges whichthe Universityfaces today.Erica Peresman, Class of!980 The University of Chicago "went" toCincinnati on March 8. And to Pittsburgh on March 9.It also has "gone" to Atlanta, Chapel Hill,NC, Kansas City, Philadelphia, andSt. Louis."The University of Chicago Cornes to . . ."is the name of a program presented by theUniversity for alumni in various cities. Prospective students and their parents frequentlyare invited to attend.Président Hanna H. Gray heads thegroup which travels for thèse programs. Ac-companying her are several faculty membersand students; their names change, accordingto who is able to take time out for a trip, butGray remains a constant.Late on a raw March Saturday morning,Gray arrived at the Cincinnati Club, a privateclub in that city. She had just flown in fromWashington, DC, where she had been attend-ing to University business. For a few moments, Gray chatted with Robert Z. Aliber,professor in the Graduate School of Businessand chairman of the Committee on Public Pol-icy Studies, who had just flown in fromChicago.An Alumni Affairs staff member ap-proached them and said,"Mrs. Gray, may I présent Ken Léonard?"Gray smiled, and offered a welcominghandshake to Kenneth Léonard, AB'60,MBA'66, vice-président of development forFederated Department Stores Realty, Inc. division of Federated Department Stores.Her working day had begun.As more alumni arrived for a pre-lunch-eon réception, other members of Gray's travelling party joined her in greeting them. A fewprospective students and their parents alsoarrived for the program.Besides Aliber, faculty members accom-panying Gray to Cincinnati and Pittsburghwere Philip C. Hoffman, SB'57, PhD'62, associate professor in the Department of Phar-macological and Physiological Sciences andthe Collège; and Karl J. Weintraub, AB'49,14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980Cincinnati & PittsburghAM'52, PhD'62, Thomas E. Donnelly Distin-guished Service Professor in the Departmentof History and the Collège, and chairman ofthe Humanities Division.Students making the trip were EricaPeresman of Pittsburgh and Mark Woodworthof Cincinnati, both seniors in the Collège. Forthèse programs, students are chosen accord-ing to their home cities.After lunch, Gray and her group seatedthemselves at two long tables which had beenarranged in a V-shape, at one end of the diningroom."You'U hâve to imagine it's a round table,"suggested Gray.There followed a "round-table discussion," so billed because the alumni and otherguests are invited to participate. Generally,the program evolves as a question-and-answer session, with the audience askingquestions and the panel supplying the an-swers. Gray leads the discussion.On this Saturday, during a two-and-a-half hour session, alumni displayed a livelycuriousity about the University, and higheréducation in gênerai."Are things on campus less turbulentthan they were in the 60's?""How has the 'Hutchins' Collège beenchanged?""What is the future for libéral éducation?""Do you still hâve core courses in the Collège?"When the session ended, the panelistsrelaxed with their guests over wine andcheese.At 6 p. m., the Chicago group was at theCincinnati airport, waiting for a flight to Pittsburgh.Next day, a Sunday, they were ail on dutyagain by 11:30 a.m., this time in a private dining room at the Marriott Hôtel in Pittsburgh.After brunch, Gray and her co-workersrepeated the program of the previous day.By 6:30 p.m., the travellers were onceagain at the airport, this time for a flight toChicago, and home. Mark Woodworth, Class of 1980, and PhilipHoffman at réception in the Cincinnati Club.Alumni audiencesare invitedto participatein the round-tablediscussion.Président Hanna H. Gray isjoined by Kenneth Léonard,AB'60, MB A' 66, at luncheon in Cincinnati Club.15Président Hanna Gray welcomes alumni to session in Pittsburgh.Philip C. Hoffman, SB'57, PhD'62, associate professor in the Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Sciences and the Collège."We want to sharewith them (thealumni) the issuesand opportunitiesthat theUniversityconfronts, andto give them somesensé of what thefuture holds."PrésidentHanna H. GrayRobert Z. Aliber, professor inthe Graduate School of Businessand chairman of the Committeeon Public Policy Studies. In the eighteen months since she becameprésident of the University, Gray hastravelled to eighteen cities outsideChicago to meet alumni. She also has heldfour réceptions for alumni in the Chicago area.In addition to the cities visited by "TheUniversity of Chicago Cornes to . . ." program,Gray, usually accompanied by faculty members, also has talked to alumni in Boston,Denver, Los Angeles, Miami, Milwaukee,Minneapolis, New York, San Francisco,Washington, DC, and Tokyo.In addition, Jonathan Fanton, vice-président of Académie Resources and Institu-tional Planning, has met with alumni inBoston, Denver, Fairfield County, CT, KansasCity, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis,New York City, Palm Beach, FL, Phoenix,Princeton, NJ, Rochester, NY, San Diego,San Francisco, St. Petersburg, FL, Tucson,and Washington."We're making thèse trips to give ouralumni an up-to-date view of the University,"explained Gray. "We want to share with themthe issues and opportunities that the University confronts, and to give them some sensé ofwhat the future holds."I am delighted at the response shown byalumni to our visits. Their interest in, anddévotion to the University, hâve been verygratifying."As an expression of her concern withalumni affairs, Gray last year appointed a spécial Ad Hoc Commission on Alumni Affairs,headed by Arthur Schultz, X'41, AB'67. TheSchultz Commission's report appeared in theMagazine; its recommendations are nowbeing implemented.One resuit from Gray's and Fanton 'stravels has been the organization of severalnew alumni clubs outside of Chicago."We're not bashful about asking alumni towork for us," said Fanton. "Two of the mostimportant areas in which they can work for usare to help with the Alumni Fund, and to helprecruit students for the Collège. We also hopealumni will take leadership in organizing programs on the local level. If they wish, we'îlsend someone out to talk about the Universityas a whole, or a faculty member to talk abouthis or her own specialty."To date, Gray and Fanton hâve visitedabout seventy-five percent of the cities wherethere are large groups of alumni. There will beno more trips this spring, but next fall willundoubtedly find Gray, and her travellingcompanions, on the road again.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980Karl]. Weintraub, AB'49, AM'52, PhD'62, Dean of the Division ofthe Humanities, and Thomas E. Donnelly DistinguishedService Professor in the Department of History and the Collège.Président Gray chats with alumni in Cincinnati.After luncheon, Cincinnati alumni joinin discussion with visiting panelists.Justin M. Johnson, (left,) AB'54, JD'62, introduces his son,Justin L. Johnson, to Président Gray at Pittsburgh brunch.Dr. Ruth Ortleb, PhB'27, (left),and Françoise Dagenais, X'56,at Cincinnati luncheon meeting. Joan Daley, (left,) MBA'75, and Robert Daley, formerly afaculty member at the University, helped organize thePittsburgh session. Joan heads her own Consulting firm,M C Consultants, and Bob is associate professor of computerscience and mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh. "Is thereless turbulenceon campus nowthan there wasin the 1960s?"asks an alumnus.17// Not Merely Bookworms"Having displayed such qualities as"truth, courage, dévotion to duty,sympathy for and protection of the weak,kindliness, unselfishness, and fellowship/two intrepid Chicagoans qualify to jointhe eminent ranks of Rhodes Scholars.r mGordon Crovitz, AB '80 If your child so far displays littleinterest in earning high grades,don't despair — he may yetgrow up to become a Rhodes scholar.Gordon Crovitz did.Crovitz and Adam Schulman,seniors in the Collège, are amongthirty-two young men and womenfrom the United States who will attend Oxford University as RhodesScholars next year.Crovitz confesses:"Up until the fifth grade I hadvery bad grades."So bad, in fact, that his parents,Herbert and Elaine Crovitz, psy-chologists at Duke University,Durham, N.C., "were worried."Obviously, they need nolonger worry.Crovitz and Schulman willbegin two-year programs of study inEngland in Octoberl980. Crovitz, apolitics, économies, rhetoric and law(PERL) major, will study jurisprudence at Wadham Collège and latermay attend law school in the U.S.Schulman, a chemistry major, willstudy for his B.A. in physics andphilosophy at Balliol Collège andlater plans to earn a Ph.D. in thephilosophy of science.Amounting to about £4,500 ayear, (approximately $9,900), theRhodes scholarships enable the récipients to live and study for thetwenty-four weeks Oxford is insession, and to travel during thelengthy vacations.The Rhodes scholarships wereestablished by Cecil John Rhodes,(1853-1902), the British adventurerwho made a fortune in the diamondfields of southern Africa while stilla teen-ager. He later foundedRhodesia (now Zimbabwe).To readers of the dry prose ofthe average scholarship applicationblank, Rhodes' stipulations for hisscholarships, made in his final will of1899, may sound quaint. He insistedthat "the students who shall beelected to the Scholarships shall notbe merely bookworms." And he established the following additionalcriteria of sélection:• "literary and scholasticattainments"• "fondness of and successin manly outdoor sports such ascricket, football and the like"• "qualities of manhood, truth,courage, dévotion to duty, sympathyfor and protection of the weak,kindliness, unselfishness, andfellowship"• "exhibition during schooldays of moral force of character andan interest in his schoolmates, forthose latter attributes will be likely in18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M AGAZINE/jUNE 1980Adam Schulman, AB '80afterlife to guide him to esteem theperformance of public duties as hishighestaim."Not content with the enumera-tion of thèse qualities, Rhodes des-ignated the proportions in whichthey would be found in the idéal ap-plicant: four-tenths of the first, andtwo-tenths each for the second,third, and fourth qualities. So de-termined was he to perfect the mixthat he changed those fractions in a1901 codicil to his will, making thefirst and third criteria worth three-tenths each.Though there hâve been manynotable athlètes who wereRhodes Scholars (footballstars Pat Haden, Pete Dawkins, andSuprême Court Justice Byron"Whizzer" White, and basketballstar Bill Bradley, Démocratie con-gressman from New Jersey), candidates need not be sports heroesto earn points with the sélectioncommittee."I was very fond of soccer," saidCrovitz, "but I had the fortune toinjure my knee seriously in highschool, so I never had to participatein sports after that."(Crovitz's sister, Deborah, 17,will attend the University next yearon an athletic scholarship.) Schulman is président of theUniversity badminton club."There's no intercollegiate compétition. We just meet for informaipractices," he said.Crovitz and Schulman needmake no apologies for any lack ofintellectual prowess. Each has wonthe $500 Abram L. Harris Achieve-ment Prize honoring students foracadémie achievement and for contributions to the quality of life in theCollège. Each has made the Dean'sList each year, and has foundedcampus publications.After a slow académie start as ayoungster, Crovitz's grades didimprove, and by âge fourteen, herealized a dream he'd had since firstseeing Walter Cronkite on télévision."I had my own news programon a local rock'n'roll FM radio station. The station owners were theonly people in tough enough straitsto hire a fourteen-year-old to do thenews."From that program, Crovitzgraduated to a more respectable AMstation, and as a part-time radionews correspondent, did stories forCBS National, Reuters, AP Audio,and UPI. He began his career in printin high school, first as politics andgênerai assignment reporter for analternative paper, and then, while still in high school, as chief stringerfrom Durham and Chapel Hill for theRaleigh News and Observer.AU during his years as a studentin the Collège, Crovitz has managedto sustain a fairly busy career as ajournalist. With alumnus Eugène"Chip" Forrester II, AB '77, hehelped found, and co-edited, TheChicago Journal, which is now an in-dependent South Side weekly with a(free) circulation of 30,000. He alsobecame a Chicago correspondentfor The Washington Post. He has con-tributed to Time Magazine, and thenow-defunct Chicago Daily News.Crovitz does part-time law and économies research for a Chicago légalconsulting firm, Lexecon, Inc. Hesomehow finds time to maintain a3.76 grade point average.Crovitz will spend this summerin New York, as an intern on theeditorial page of the Wall StreetJournal.Schulman first discovered hislove for science in eighth grade."I had a very exciting biologyteacher at the time, and after that Ispent every summer doing some-thingin science."Books he read that year quick-ened his scientific interests, The Double Hélix, The Microbe Hunters, andRats, Lice, and History.19Both of Schulman 's parents arealumni. Hélène Hurwitz Schulman,AB '54, teaches English at Penn HillsHigh School in Pittsburgh. Irwin J.Schulman, AB '51, AM '54, is dean ofthe Collège of Arts and Sciences atthe University of Pittsburgh. Havingtwo alumni parents, he says, was notthe only reason he chose the Collège,turning down Harvard and Yale todo so. When he saw classes of over300 students at those schools, heopted for the smaller classes atChicago.His éducation in the Collège,and a summer 's work in a biologylaboratory at Cold Spring Harbor,N.Y., convinced Schulman to abandon his original plans to go into laboratory science."The éducation I've had hèrehas led me to think that science as itis practiced right now has a lot ofdifficulties. The assumptions under-lying modem science, whether expérimental or theoretical, are them-selves still very live issues. I'd reallylike to get to know modem science atits origins, instead of at its frontiers,which is essentially what you'd bedoing if you got involved in laboratory science."Schulman is preparing toinvestigate the origins of science by immersing himself inthe study of Greek."I asked Oxford if I could studyGreek and they said it was out of thequestion. They hâve their doubtsabout whether American classicsmajors can study Greek there, letalone a chemistry major. I haven'thad any Latin and most of the students who study the classics atOxford hâve been studying Greeksince âge eleven, so it's like a secondlanguage for them."When Schulman is not studyingGreek, he can be found editingInquiry, a journal of student essayshe founded, or working at his campus job as a fire marshal at plays andconcerts.Rhodes committees can assess acandidate 's brains and brawn with-out too much difficulty. But how do they discern the présence of "courage," "sympathy for and protectionof the weak," or "moral force ofcharacter "? Though student recordsand confidential recommendationsare helpful, impressions formed inthe personal interview may clinchthe décision to accept or reject acandidate.Schulman said that in his stateand régional interviews committeemembers questioned him closelyabout the ethical dimensions of science and technology. Crovitz wasasked to défend the ethical code ofjoumalists."That was the toughest question I had to answer," he said.What do the two scholars-electhope to gain from their expérience atOxford?Crovitz is excited about theunique opportunity afforded bystudy in England."England actually is one of thefew countries that believes in international law. I would also like tostudy at closer range the EuopeanEconomie Community, and theEuropean Parliament."Schulman confessed,"I like having a scholarship be-cause it gives me two more years ofcollège without the onus of dilettan-teism."Dilletanteism? He plans tostudy physics, philosophy, and thephilosophy of physics during terms,and French, German, Latin, andGreek on vacations.Despite the rich académie re-sources awaiting him, Schulman iswistful about leaving the University."The best part of my éducationis behind me, in my courses hère,"he said.HammetEditor 's Note: Since winning the RhodesScholarship, Schulman has gone on towin a Danforth Graduate Fellowship,awarded by the Danforth Foundation ofSt. Louis, Mo. He and Margaret Deyo,'80, a behavioral sciences major, wereamong the 100 fellowschosen from morethan 1,900 applicants this year. AWARDS:Help from our FriendsEach year during Reunion Weekend,the Alumni Association honorsalumni who hâve made notablecontributions in their prof essionalfields or in community service. Weask that you assist us in thisprogram by nominating candidateswhom you think might be deservingofone ofthe alumni awards to begiven in 1981.There are three catégories of awards:THE PROFESSIONALACHIEVEMENT AWARD,which recognizes those alumniwhose attainments in theirvocational fields hâve broughtdistinction to themselves, crédit tothe University, and real benefit totheir fellow citizens.THE ALUMNI CITATION,which honors those who hâvefulfilled the obligations of theiréducation through créativecitizenship and exemplaryleadership in voluntary servicewhich has benefited society andreflected crédit upon the University.THE ALUMNI MED AL, thehighest honor, which is awarded forextraordinary distinction in one'sfield of specialization and extraordinary service to society.Your nominations should reach usnot later than Septemberl, 1980.They will be kept confidential by theAwards Committee, twelve formerawardees who, working anony-mously, review and evaluate the information on each nominee. Thefinal candidates are selected by votein the spring. The committee re-quests that you not inform yourcandidates that their names are to beconsidered.Nominations should be sent to theAwards Committee, Robie House,5757 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago,IL 60637.20 THE UNIVERSITYNEWS of the QUADRANGLESUH^MJoyce Foundation Gives$1 Million "To StrengthenGraduate Education"The Joyce Foundation has announced a$1 million grant to strengthen graduateéducation at the University.In announcing the gift, Charles U.Daly, président of the Joyce Foundation,said:"The University of Chicago hasenjoyed leadership in research andgraduate éducation since its founding.We believe this grant will help give theUniversity the resources and flexibility itneeds to maintain that leadership whileadapting its graduate programs to theconditions of the future."Président Hanna H. Gray, inaccept-ing the gift, said:"The generosity of the Joyce Foundation helps the University reaffirm itstraditional commitment to research andtraining at the graduate level. At thistime, when the University is renewingthat commitment and responding to thechallenges facing graduate éducation,the gift provides critical support. I amdeeply grateful for the foundation'sassistance in thèse efforts."Gray announced two related developments affecting the University'sgraduate programs: the formation of afaculty commission to study the future ofgraduate éducation at the University,and a program to increase significantlyfinancial aid for graduate students in thearts and sciences in 1980-81.The Commission on Graduate Education is expected to examine the présentcondition of the University's Ph.D. programs, explore the possibilities for newinterdepartmental or interdisciplinaryprograms at the masters or doctorallevel, analyze récent and prospective jobplacement patterns, and study the ade-quacy of the présent amount and allocation of financial aid. In a separate butrelated study, the commission will over-see an analysis of national market conditions for Ph.D. enrollments and em-ployment. The chairman of the commission is Keith M. Baker, professor in theDepartment of History and the Committee on the Conceptual Foundations ofScience. Commenting on her appointment ofthe commission, Gray said:"It is my belief that universities maybe over-reacting to the projected déclinein académie job opportunities. It may bethat institutions like Chicago, withstrong traditions of excellence in graduate training, should seek to maintainthe number of students pursuinggraduate degrees."In 1980-81, the University is increas-ing financial aid available to graduatestudents by thirteen percent. In addition, a spécial appropriation of University funds will underwrite an experimentwith new ways of packaging aid tograduate students. The expérimentalprogram will include tuition assistanceto a significant number of graduate students at the dissertation level, moreawards to second- and third-year students, and several prize fellowships giv-ing full tuition and living stipends forentering students. The Joyce Foundationgrant will strengthen the University'sefforts to make adéquate financial aidavailable to graduate students in futureyears.The Joyce Foundation is a Chicagophilanthropie organization whichfocuses its giving in the Midwest,primarily in the fields of culture, éducation, health, environment, conservation,and social service.Standard Oil'sAmoco FoundationGives $900,000 GrantThe Amoco Foundation, the corporatefoundation of Standard Oil Company ofIndiana, has made a grant of $900,000to the University, payable over the nextfive years.The grant is to be used at the discrétion of Président Hanna H. Gray. Ofthèse funds, $500,000 willbe used tosupport the unrestricted budget of theUniversity; $200,000 will be allocated tothe Division of the Physical Sciences tostrengthen programs in the physicalsciences; and $200,000 will be allocatedto the Graduate School of Business. (9mEdward W. Rosenheim, AB '39, AM '46, PhD '53Rosenheim Namedto Stern ProfessorshipEdward W. Rosenheim, AB'39, AM'46,PhD'53, has been named the first DavidB. and Clara E. Stern Professor in theDepartment of English and the Collège.Rosenheim has been on the facultysince 1949. He has been editor of ModemPhilology since 1968. Prior to that, heserved as editor of the Journal of GeneralEducation from 1954-46, and served aschairman of the Collège HumanitiesStaff from 1959-62.For three years, Rosenheim wasdirector of radio and télévision for theUniversity, and among other programsproduced NBC's "University of ChicagoRound table."In 1977 he became director of theNational Humanities Institute at theUniversity, a post in which he served forthree years.As a scholar, Rosenheim has con-centrated on satire, especially analyzingthe work of Jonathan Swift in two published books, Selected Prose and Poetry ofJonathan Swift (1958), and Swift and theSatirist's Art (1963). In addition to articlesin professional journals, Rosenheim isthe author of a layman's guide to différent kinds of literature, What HappensIn Literature (1960).Rosenheim has continued to studyliterary controversy in the 18th centuryand was a Guggenheim Fellow in1967-68.He is married to Margaret K.Rosenheim, JD'49, Helen Ross Professorand dean of the School of Social ServiceAdministration.21John R. Opel, MBA '49GSB Présents DistinguishedAlumnus Award to IBMPrésident John OpelJohn R. Opel, MBA'49, président ofInternational Business MachinesCorporation, the world's largest computer manufacturer, was named thetenth winner of the DistinguishedAlumnus Award by the Graduate Schoolof Business.On January 1, 1981, Opel will be-come IBM's chief executive officer andchairman of its management committee.The award, presented by the GSBAlumni Association, recognizesdistinction among its members in themanagement of organizations engagedin business, government, or noncom-mercial pursuits.Présentation of the award wasmade to Opel at the GSB's 28th annualManagement Conférence, April 22, inChicago.Before attending the University,Opel was graduated from WestminsterCollège, Fulton, MO.Opel has been président of IBMsince 1974. He started his career withIBM in 1949 as a sales représentative inhis home town, Jefferson City, MO. Hebecame vice-président for finance and planning at IBM in 1968; was named asenior vice-président in 1969; and in 1972was appointed group executive of theData Processing Product Group and amember of the IBM board of directors.Among Opel's other business activities are directorships of The Bank of NewYork, The Bank of New York Co., Inc.,and Pfizer, Inc. He also is a member ofthe board of the United Way of America.At the conférence David Rockefeller,PhD'40, chairman of the board of TheChase Manhattan Bank, N. A., spoke on"Big Business: Dynamo or Dinosaur?"Laing Prize Goesto Alan GewirthAlan Gewirth, Edward Carson WallerDistinguished Service Professor in theDepartment of Philosophy, has beenawarded the 1979 Gordon J. Laing Prizefor his book, Reason and Morality.The $1000 Laing Prize is given annu-ally by the University of Chicago Press tothe faculty author, editor, or translatorwhose book, published within the pre-ceding two years, has added the greatestdistinction to the Press' list. The sélection is made by vote of the Board ofUniversity Publications.In his book Gewirth attacks thewidely held philosophical dogma thatthere is an unbridgeable gap between the"is" and the "ought." Reason and Moralityhas been called by Henry B. Veatch inthe journal Ethics, "an incomparablephilosophical performance."Gordon J. Laing was dean of theHumanities, and gênerai editor of thePress from 1908-21, and from 1923-40.Gewirth is married to the formerMarcella May Tilton, SM'54.Swanson AwardedDeerfield FellowshipJames Swanson, a third year studentin the Collège, has been awarded a$1200 Deerfield Fellowship in AmericanHistory.Swanson was among ten studentsin the U.S. who won fellowships.The récipients will study earlyAmerican history and culture in Deerfield, MA, for two months this summer. Franklin I. Gamwell, AM '70, PhD '73Gamwell Named Deanof Divinity SchoolFranklin I. Gamwell, AM'70, PhD'73,has been appointed dean of the DivinitySchool at the University.He succeeds Joseph M. Kitagawa,PhD'51, who has been dean since 1970.Kitagawa, who is professor in theDivinity School and in the Departmentof Far Eastern Languages and Civiliza-tions, announced last year that hewanted to return to his research whenhis current term as dean ended.Gamwell is associate professor inthe Divinity School, with a spécial interest in ethics and society. He also is director of field éducation for the ministryprograms in the school.Like his predecessors as dean,Gamwell was chosen from among thefaculty of the Divinity School, on therecommendation of a faculty searchcommittee.His scholarly work, published inprofessional journals, has been focusedon the social implications of theologicalethics.Gamwell received his B. A. degreefrom Yale University in 1959. He thentook a Bachelor of Divinity degree atUnion Theological Seminary and wasordained a minister in the UnitedPresbyterian Church in 1963. From1963-66 he was pastor of the Church ofthe Holy Trinity of the West Side Christian Parish, an urban congrégation onthe West Side of Chicago.Gamwell's académie work at theUniversity was in the field of ethics and22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980society, at the Divinity School.He was an instructor in the DivinitySchool from 1971-73. From 1973-75 hewas assistant professor of religiousstudies at Manhattanville Collège in Pur-chase, N.Y. From 1975-79, he workedwith the Rockefeller Family Philanthropie Office in New York. He returnedto the faculty of the Divinity School atChicago in 1979.Gamwell's wife, Frances, is aneditorial assistant at the University ofChicago Press. The Gamwells hâve twochildren, Christopher and Lisa.IBM Makes Grant of$1 Million to UniversityThe University of Chicago has received agrant of $1 million from the InternationalBusiness Machines Corporation.In making the grant, IBM stipulatedthat $750,000 be used to establish an IBMFund for the Physical Sciences, and$250,000 be used to endow a facultyresearch fund in the Graduate Schoolof Business.Hanna H. Gray, président of theUniversity, said that "this generous giftwill strengthen substantially two areaswhere the University is engaged in sig-nificant research efforts. We are enor-mously grateful for IBM's supportand for its continuing interest in basicresearch."The IBM Fund for the Physical Sciences will be administered by the deanof the Division of the Physical Sciences,along with the président and provost ofthe University. Its purpose is to supportfaculty research, to encourage visits byleading scientists and to support fellow-ships for young scientists. The fellow-ships will be offered through nationalcompétitions. Thèse priorities under-score the University's commitment toindependent research in the physical sciences.The Faculty Research Fund in theBusiness School is part of an effort toincrease substantially the school's en-dowment for basic research. Awardsfrom the new fund will be made throughthe Business School's Research Committee, with préférence given to proposaisfor research in applied mathematics.IBM's grant is to be paid over a five-year period. The first payment was madein January. Dr. Lawrence GartnerGartner New Chairmanof Pediatrics DepartmentDr. Lawrence M. Gartner has beennamed chairman of the Department ofPediatrics at the University, effectiveJulyl.He succeeds Dr. Marc O. Beem, whocurrently serves as acting chairman ofthe départaient. Dr. Beem is professor ofpediatrics, specializing in infectious dis-eases. He will résume his clinical andresearch work on a full-time basis whenDr. Gartner begins his chairmanship.Dr. Gartner cornes to the Universityafter twenty-one years of service at theAlbert Einstein Collège of Medicine,New York, where he is currently directorof the Division of Neonatology and professor of pediatrics.His clinical and research specialityareas include neonatology and liver disease in children. For the past seven yearsDr. Gartner has been involved in a studyfunded by the National Institute ofHealth, focusing on the safety and effec-tiveness of phototherapy, a type oftreatment to prevent kernicterus, thebrain damage that can occur from excessive jaundice in newborn infants.Dr. Gartner received his B.S. degreein 1954 from Columbia Collège, NewYork, and his M. D. in 1958 from JohnsHopkins University School of Medicine,Baltimore, MD.From 1967 through 1975, Dr. Gartnerwas a Career Development Awardee ofthe National Institute for Child Healthand Human Development and isthe récipient of several grants fromthis Institute.Dr. Gartner 's wife, Carol, is a professor of english at Pace University andChairman of the Division of Arts andLetters at the Collège of White Plains ofPace University, New York. They hâvetwo children, Alex and Madeline. Tuition IncreasesAverage Thirteen PercentTuition will increase about thirteen percent for most students at the Universityfor the académie year beginning Sep-tember. For students in the MédicalSchool it will increase sixteen percent.The annual increases range inamount from $600 for undergraduatestudents in the Collège ($4,500 to $5,100)to $795 for médical students ($4,965 to$5,760), reports Charles D. O'Connell,vice-président and dean of students. Tuition for gradute students in the arts andsciences will increase least, by thirteenpercent, from $4,740 to $5,355.Tuition for students at the LawSchool and Graduate School of Businesswill increase from $5,460 to $6,192 andfrom $5,555 to $6,300, respectively. Students enrolled in the other professionalschools — Divinity, Library Science, Social Service Administration — and in theCommittee on Public Policy Studies willpay a yearly tuition of $5,280, up from$4,665.In announcing the increase, O'Connell noted that the University's tuitionwill remain among the lowest of thecountry's major private universities."For some years, our percentage ofincrease and the actual dollar increasehâve lagged behind those of other institutions. This year the percentage isabout the same as others, but the actualdollar 'gap' between Chicago's tuitionand that of other major private universities will actually widen," O'Connellsaid.The tuition increase will be accom-panied by major increases in student aid.Student assistance from Universityfunds will increase at a rate substantiallyabove the tuition increase.Beyond the over-all increase in student aid, O'Connell announced thatthere will be spécial increases in the aidbudgets allocated for graduate studentsin the humanities, social sciences, andbasic biological sciences."By allocating this additional aid tograduate students, we are affirming thisUniversity's long-standing commitmentto quality graduate éducation," O'Connell said. "It is a significant step towardmaintaining the quality and number ofgraduate students enrolled in the artsand sciences."Undergraduates will receive a significant increase in student aid. O'Connellreported that the University's student23aid allocation to the Collège will be in-creased by twenty-one percent over1979-80."This particular increase in aid willhelp to offset a leveling off of fédéral aidfor undergraduates," O'Connell noted."It will also permit us to be more under-standing of the acute financial pressureson middle-class families."We recognize that the burden ofhigher tuition rates on students is stillgreat. Indeed, we must ask them to con-tribute a somewhat greater proportiontoward their own éducation in the formof summer-and-school-year work."Fortunately, we expect a significantincrease in our fédéral Collège Work/Study allocation next year, so that we canassure our students of more part-timejobs," O'Connell said.He projects that the typical budgetfor a single graduate student at the University will increase 11.5 percent, from$8,640 to $9,635. Undergraduates'budgets will increase from $7,925 to$8,910 for first-year students and from$8,167 to $9,200 for upperclassmen. Thestudent budget includes tuition, roomand board charges, and allowances forhospitalization insurance, books, andpersonal expenses.To meet a projected rise in operatingcosts, charges for room and board in résidence halls will increase 10.9 percent,or $277 a year, for most students in double rooms, O'Connell reported. The increase will be slightly more for studentsin single rooms — 11.3 percent, or $325next year.Beginning next September, fresh-men will pay $2,815 for board and room.They now pay $2,538. Students living insingle rooms will pay $3,205, an increasefrom $2,880.The tuition and board and room increases were approved by the University's Board of Trustées this spring afterthey were discussed during the preced-ing months by the académie deans.U. of Rochester Honors GrayHanna H. Gray, président of the University, received an honorary doctor of lawsdegree from the University of Rochester,Rochester, NY, at commencement exercises May 11. Gray is a former memberof the Trustées' Visiting Committee toRush Rhees Library at the University ofRochester. Bob LarsenLarsen Named Football CoachBob Larsen, has been appointed headfootball coach and associate professor ofphysical éducation at the University.Larsen had been athletic directorand défensive co-ordinator of football atCarroll Collège, Waukesha, WI. He is aChicago native, and graduated fromAustin High School in 1950. He earnedletters in f our sports while earning a B . S .degree from Carthage Collège, Kenosha,WI, and holds a master 's degree in physical éducation from the University ofWisconsin."The opportunity and challenge tocoach at Chicago are the thrill of alifetime," said Larsen. "I hope to buildthe program by recruiting aggressively inthe Chicago area, and trying to interestgood players in staying in the area,where family and friends can continue tosee them play.As a head coach for twenty-oneyears, Larsen's won-lost record was104-59-3. He was Carroll's intérim headcoach in 1977, after compiling a 77-23-3record at Hartford (Wisconsin) HighSchool. Larsen's teams won six conférence championships, and wererunners-up four times in fourteen years.He has been co-director of the All-StateFootball Camps for midwest high schoolboys the last ten years.Larsen and his wife, Sara, hâve twochildren: Andy, 19, and Melissa, 16. Franklin, Welty GiveWoodward Court LecturesJohn Hope Franklin, John MatthewsManly Distinguished Service Professorin the Department of History and theCollège, gave the 150th Woodward CourtLecture in March. He spoke on "LookingBackward: Civil Rights in the 1970's."Eudora Welty, noted Americannovelist and short-story writer, visitedcampus for three days in April as theEmily Talbot Lecturer and a guest of theDepartment of English. She lived inWoodward Court, a dormitory complexfor undergraduates, during her staytook meals with students, and met in-formally with students and faculty onseveral occasions. She also appeared as aWoodward Court lecturer, giving areading from her works.Welty won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize inLetters for her work, The Optimist'sDaughter (1972). Among her other out-standing works are Delta Wedding, (1946);The Golden Apples (1949); The Fonder Heart(1954), and Losing Battles (1970).Wirszup Warns of SuperiorSoviet Scientific EducationThe Soviets offer their youth scientifictraining which far surpasses that ofAmerican schools, reports IzaakWirszup, professor in the Departmentof Mathematics and an expert on éducation in mathematics, particularlyin Communist countries.Wirszup issued his findings in apreview report to the National ScienceFoundation, for whom he has been di-recting a survey of récent east Europeanmathematical literature.In addition, he is co-author of a14-volume séries, Soviet Studies in thePsychology ofLearning and TeachingMathematics."It is my considered opinion that therécent Soviet educational mobilization,although not as spectacular as thelaunching of the first Sputnik, poses aformidable challenge to the national se-curity of the U.S., one that is far morethreatening than any in the past and onethat will be much more difficult to meet,"Wirszup said.Wirszup pored over Soviet text-books, scientific journals, and entranceexamina tions.Among his findings:• Some 97.7 percent of Soviet stu-24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980dents completed secondary school in1978, compared with 75 percent in theU.S. The graduation rate is dramaticwhen contrasted with the Stalin era ofthe 1940s, when only 4.9 percent ofSoviet children completed school.• Compulsory mathematics coursesfor Soviet students cover the équivalentof at least thirteen years of U. S. school-ing. For example, more than five milliongraduâtes of Soviet secondary institutions in 1978-79 had studied calculus fortwo years, compared with 105,000 U.S.high school students in 1976 who hadtaken a one-year calculus course.• Compulsory science courses in theSoviet schools are equally demanding.In terms of a scientific élite, the U.S.still excels in many areas, said Wirszup.But he predicted that the Soviets willhâve a "much larger and greater élite" inpursuit of technological and militarysupremacy.Wynkoop Chapel Music HeadRodney Alan Wynkoop has been appointed director of chapel music and thechoral program, and lecturer in the Department of Music. He succeeds RichardE. Vikstrom, director of chapel musicsince 1949, who retired in June.Wynkoop has been an instructor ofchoral music at Yale University and at theYale Institute of Sacred Music, as well asdirector of chapel music at Battell Chapelof Yale University. He is a Yale graduate.Reiner D divers 7thRyerson LectureErica Reiner, the John A. Wilson Professor in the Oriental Institute and the De-partments of Near Eastern Languagesand Civilizations and Linguistics, andeditor-in-charge of the Assyrian Dictio-nary, gave the seventh annual RyersonLecture on April 23, at the Law SchoolAuditorium.In her lecture, entitled "ThirtyPièces of Silver," Reiner discussed herresearch in the languages and literaturesof Babylonia and Assyria, and her workon writing and editing the AssyrianDictionary.The Ryerson lectures were estab-lished in 1973 by the Board of Trustées asa forum for faculty members to présent amajor statement about their research tothe University community. Harriet Monroe PoetryCollection on DisplayAn exhibition of manuscripts and lettersof major twentieth century poets, fromthe Harriet Monroe Modem PoetryCollection, is on display at RegensteinLibrary through September.The exhibition is unique because ofthe large number of poets who were firstpublished in Poetry magazine, whichMonroe founded in 1912. The magazinegained international reknown whenMonroe used it as a forum for the pre-viously unpublished poetry of suchwriters as Ezra Pound, Robert Frost,William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, CariSandburg, Marianne Moore, WallaceStevens, Edna St. Vincent Millay,William Carlos Williams, D. H.Lawrence, Langston Hughes, HartCrâne, James Joyce, and ErnestHemingway."The exhibition draws principallyon the unique historical portion of theMonroe bequest, the tens of thousandsof letters and manuscripts exchangedwith poets during Harriet Monroe'seditorship of Poetry magazine," saidRobert Rosenthal, curator of theDepartment of Spécial Collections atRegenstein.The poets themselves and theirpoetry will be the main emphasis of theexhibition. Among the items to be ondisplay will be manuscripts and lettersdepicting the first appearance of T. S.Eliot's "The Love Song of J. AlfredPrufrock;" the corrected version ofWilliam Carlos Williams' "Love Song,"which reveals the poem in the process ofcréation; and Ezra Pound's commentsilluminating his poetic intention inthe "Cantos."The Monroe Collection began as2,350 volumes of books and manuscriptsthat had accumulated in the offices ofPoetry which Monroe bequeathed to theUniversity in 1936. Today the collectionconsists of over 17,000 volumes donatedprincipally through a fund establishedby the late Harold H. Swift, who was formany years chairman of the University'sBoard of Trustées."Hours for viewing the exhibit are 9-5Monday-Friday, and 9-12:30 on Saturday. Togain entry, explain your intent to the peoplechecking I.D.s. The public is permitted toview exhibits in designated areas. Stevenson, Califano,Dukakis are Visiting FellowsThree public figures, Senator Adlai E.Stevenson III, (D-IL), former secretary ofHealth, Education, and Welfare JosephA. Califano, Jr., and former Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis, were¦Visiting Fellows at the University thisspring.The Visiting Fellows program wasestablished by the Women's Board of theUniversity in 1979 to bring to campuspeople who hâve been active in nationaland world affairs, for a few days of informai association with students.Stevenson, who after ten years inthe Senate is retiring at the end of histerm, has been a member of the Bankingand Housing and Urban Affairs Com-mittees, and the Démocratie PolicyCommittee. He was chairman of theSenate Ethics Committee and a memberof the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.Califano, who was secretary ofHEW from 1977-79, is an attorney inWashington, DC.In addition to serving with HEW,Califano also has been a spécial assistantto the late Président Lyndon B. Johnson,and deputy Secretary of Défense.Dukakis was governor of Massachusetts from 1974-78. He now teaches atHarvard University, where he is directorof intergovernment studies at the John F.Kennedy School of Government, andhosts the public télévision show "TheAdvocates."While on campus, Califano, Stevenson, and Dukakis attended classes, andaddressed groups of students. Califanotook his meals with students at Burton-Judson Courts.Stevenson stayed in a guest room atPierce Hall, and held a question-and-answer session in the dormitory.Pontarelli to HeadMédical Center Public AffairsJohn M. Pontarelli has been appointeddirector of the office of médical centerpublic affairs at the University. The médical center includes the University's hos-pitals and clinics, the Division of theBiological Sciences, and The PritzkerSchool of Medicine.Pontarelli recently served as actingdirector of public affairs.25EVEN SHAHRAZAD WOULD the fate of the earliest known pièce of manuscriptrecording her famous 1,001 Nights. Because scribblersback in 879 A.D. couldn't bear to toss out a pièceof torn paper, a rare fragment has survived.¦ m?p**m$p^à26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980Back in 879 A. D., when oneAhmad ibn Mahfuz, a pro-fessional witness to con-tracts, repeatedly scribbled somelégal formulas on what he took to bea pièce of scrap paper, he obviouslyhad no knowledge that the fragmenthe wrote on was, even then, a rarity.Today, that fragment of torn,discolored paper has been put ondisplay by the Oriental Institute ofThe University of Chicago. It is theoldest known pièce of manuscript ofthe famous taies of 1,001 Nights,some 600 years older than any otherknown text of the taies."It's very important historicallyfor other reasons, too," explainedJohn Carswell, curator of the Oriental Institute Muséum. "It is the oldest dated example of paper outsideof China, and the oldest dated fragment of a paper book in the Westernworld."Even when Ahmad scribbled onit, it was somewhat of a rarity, notonly as a first édition, but also as apaper book from the Islamic worldduring a time when most literaryand religious texts were written onparchment (prepared skin).The manuscript was producedin Syria in the first quarter of theninth century, and was acquired bythe Oriental Institute in 1947, alongwith a collection of over 300 parchment documents.The taies of the 1,001 Nightsoriginated in the Parthian Empire ofPersia (248 B.C-226 A.D.) and weretranslated and adapted in the Arabworld. They hâve been enjoyed aspopular, light entertainment eversince.The premise which holds thetaies together is the story of the in-famous king who killed his manybrides in the morning after theirwedding night. Shahrazad,* a clevermaiden of royal descent, stayed aliveby telling a fascinating taie each* Shahrazad is the original spelling. We knowit more commonly as Scheherazade. night to the king, but leaving it un-finished until the next night. Accord-ing to the count we hâve of the taies,her unfinished stories kept her alivefor more than three years.In a late tenth century sourceentitledFiTin'st, the author Nadimclaims that Alexander the Great wasthe first to whom thèse stories weretold at night. He liked them becausethey made him laugh, and kept himvigilant.The fragment at the OrientalInstitute is the title page and the firstpage of A Book of Taies from a ThousandNights, (the title Thousand and OneNights doesn't appear until the tenthcentury).Ahmad wasn't the only per-son to use the preciousfragment of manuscript asscrap paper. Apart from the originalinscription of A Thousand Nights, themanuscript records:• a group of pious phrases in-voking Allah;• a rough drawing of a man(whose face has been piercedthrough, probably intentionally,which can be explained by the popular belief of orthodox Islam that con-demned the pictorial représentationof animate beings), and a drawing ofan ornament, both in blue-green ink;• some pious phrases aroundthe man's head, in a différent hand,and some advice regarding a lovedone in yet a différent hand;• a rough draft of a letter to aTurkish soldier who was to deliverarmy funds from Antioch in Syria toa place in Egypt;• and Ahmad's légal formulas.The order of the various andcopious additions to the availablespace on this now priceless scrap ofpaper was determined by ProfessorNabia Abbott of the Oriental Institute in 1949, on the basis of the stylesof handwriting, the inks used, andthe space appropriated by eachentry. While thèse idle scribblingsdefaced the manuscript, they also al- lowed scholars to trace the history ofthe fragment.Destiny played another curiouspart in the manuscript fragment'ssurvival. In addition to being used asscrap paper, it became a casualty ofthe 877-78 war between Syria andEgypt, and was transported by thevictorious Turkish army from Syriato Egypt. There, the arid climate ofEgypt became a crucial factor in thepréservation of this much-abusedpièce of paper. Had it remained inSyria, it most likely would hâve détériora ted over time.The fragment cornes from a collection of selected taies taken fromthe whole séries, which is indicatedby its title, A Book of Taies from aThousand Nights. Because of itsSyrian origin, there is a spécial em-phasis on Syrian and Bédouin Arabtaies which is pointed out in the in-troductory paragraph in a référenceto the "distinctive characteristics orcourtly manners, Syrian orBédouin."The introduction also notes thatthis is not the first attempt to put thetaies into writing, because this version provides no framework forthem; it starts right out with a taie "ofthe following night." It is, however,the earliest extant version of thetaies. As the oldest known fragmentof a paper book in the Westernworld, the page possesses evengreater significance for the history ofliterary paper manuscripts.Although the Chinese inventedpaper in the first century, the Islamicworld didn't learn the procédurefor making paper until 751 A.D. ,when some Chinese captives inSamarkand were forced by theirArab captors to divulge the secret.The fragment itself is made of linenfiber using the techniques revealedby the Chinese.Note: If you'd like to see the fragmentof manuscript from 1,001 Nights, theOriental Institute is open Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a. m. -4 p. m., Sunday 12p.m.-4 p. m. It is closed on Monday.27Freshman Steve Skobel,a downhill racer,teaches his blind father to ski.BY PHILIP MAHER, CLASS OF 1982Reprinted by permission of The Chicago Maroon,© 1980 by The Chicago Maroon. SKIING BLINDStephen Skobel is not your ordinary freshman.Twenty-one-year-old Skobel, from Mt.Prospect, Illinois, spent four years on the international ski racing circuit, before coming to the Collège.He helped his father, Samuel Skobel, 53, who hasbeen blind since the âge of four, learn how to ski. Together, father and son founded the American Blind Ski-ing Foundation (ABSF).Several years ago while on vacation in Aspen, Colorado, the Skobels were introduced to Aspen Bold, a program in which blind people are taught to ski. The Skobelswere so taken with the organization that they started asimilar one. Seven years ago they had about sevenpupils; now they hâve hundreds.Skobel described how blind persons are taught toski."Blind skiers, like any beginners, start on gentleslopes," he explained. "An accomplished guide skisbackwards in front of the blind skier, steering the tips ofthe latter 's skis with his hands, demonstrating the basicmotions of skiing. As the blind beginner gains confidenceand ability, the guide no longer holds his companion'sskis, but skis ahead about ten yards and acts as the blindperson's 'eyes'."When the blind skier can handle steeper slopes, theguide calls out warnings about obstacles such as trees,ice, or other skiers. An important part of the guide's workis to keep up a constant patter, in an even voice, so thatthe skier receives a steady stream of information and hasno chance to lose his bearings.By his second or third season of skiing, the blindskier should be ready for the final stage, where his guideskis fifteen or twenty yards behind him, again acting ashis "eyes.""At this point the guide usually does not hâve tokeep up such a steady patter; the skier is more confidentand knows how to handle the snow by feel. The guidehas only to call out directions, and modulate the tone ofhis voice to emphasize his instructions," explainedSkobel.Blind skiers and their guides often develop a spécialrapport with each other. While the ABSF reserves certainski areas for blind skiers, many advanced blind skiers andtheir guides strike out on their own. A blind skier and hisguide can be identified by the bright orange bibs theywear."Most ski areas in the country are now used to blindskiers, and welcome them," said Skobel. "Some resortseven give their instructors time off to learn blind guiding.In fact, some blind skiers are more skilled than sightedones."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980Samuel Skobel (right) and his son, Stephen, who acts as his guide,ride the T-bar tow to the beginning of another run down the slope.At the same time that Skobel was training hisfather, he was training to be a professional skier.He graduated early from Prospect High Schoolto go on the 1976 spring tour out West, then moved toMinneapolis for the 1977 season.The racing season for skiers, from late fall to spring,is grueling. The racers usually train in Canada fromOctober to December, then shift to Vermont. They oftenspend January and February in the Midwest, then moveWest to the Rockies in the spring.Skobel moved to Sait Lake City for the 1978 season,but towards the end of the tour took a bad spill in whichhe broke both legs, his sternum, and three vertebrae."I was lucky. I was up and around again in a rela-tively short time," he said.Skobel tried to race in 1979, but found the accidenthad taken more out of him than he had expected."I had planned on going to school one day, " he said,"so it seemed like the time to corne."Skobel's parents (his mother is sighted) operatetheir own business, Sammy's Catering Service, inMt. Prospect."Dad is about ninety percent blind," said Skobel,"and he's really good at adapting himself . Sometimes he hasusfooled."Now Skobel skis with his father again, althoughschool work takes its toll on his free time. He's also amember of the University of Chicago Ski team, which is"not varsity, just club," he explained.Sam Skobel is busy, too, caught up in the paperworkof the large organization ABSF has become. He also isworking with W Clément Stone, the well-knownChicago insurance tycoon and philanthropist, on a program to teach Stone's philosophy of positive mental attitude in the Chicago public schools."That's the key to our success, positive mental attitude," says young Skobel. "We're not only giving blindpeople a chance to enjoy the winter months, a time thatused to be pretty bad for most of them, but we're givingthem a chance to show what they can do. We've got ailsorts of people skiing: a Harvard law school graduate, anengineering major from the University of Illinois. Oneblind woman skier is so good she just attended a skiracing clinic in Banff, Canada. It's for sighted people; shejust went with her guide."We're showing the sighted world what blind peoplecan do if given a chance. My father calls his blindness aninconvenience, no more, no less."29ALUMNIEVENTSALBANY, NYJonathan Fanton, vice-président ofAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning, met informally with parents of studentsin the Collège, and prospective students andtheir parents on April 13, in the home of SaraHarris, AB'41, program chairperson. LaterFanton met with alumni over dinner at Pic-colo's on the Plaza. Béryl Drobeck, SB'44, alsohelped with arrangements.BOSTONSpring Alumni Luncheon Séries. Col.Steven J. Vogel, MBA'65, spoke on "MilitaryWeapons Systems — The Acquistions Process" at Purcell's Restaurant on March 24.Dutch-treat lunch was available. This séries isbeing coordinated by three alumni: SamalyaDeutch, JD'64, Drew Leff, AB'69, MBA'70,and Harry Greenwald, AB'70.Spring Alumni Luncheon Séries. Henry J.Gwiazda II, AM'68, PhD'74, spoke on "TheNational Archives and the Kennedy Library,"on May 7. Gwiazda is curator of the Robert F.Kennedy Collection at the Kennedy Library.Brunch at Ferdinand's Restaurant was fol-lowed by attendance at a matinée performance of "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at theLoeb Drama Center, on May 11. Susan Leff,AB'71, program chairperson for The University of Chicago Club of Boston made arrangements.Spring Alumni Luncheon Séries. RichardParker, Phd'68, spoke on "The Concept ofPrivacy — What Is It?" Meeting was at Purcell'sRestaurant, on June 5.CHICAGOAlumni interested in forming a Universityof Chicago Club of Greater Chicago attendeda buffet dinner, in Ida Noyés Hall on March 5.Jonathan Fanton, vice-président of AcadémieResources and Institutional Planning, spokeon "Issues and Opportunities before the University in the 80's."A "Corne on Down for Tennis" night wassponsored at the Mid-Town Tennis Club onMarch 8 by The Order of the C.Alumni attended a performance of Iones-co's "Exit the King," by Court Théâtre players,in the New Théâtre, Reynolds Club, on April13. Later, they attended a dessert-coffee-wineréception, and listened to a discussion of theplay by Nicholas Rudall, associate professorin the Department of Classical Languages andLiterature and director of Court Théâtre; JoeGuastaferro, director of the play, and the cast.Kenneth Northcott, professor and actingchairman of the Department of Germanie Languages and Literature, also spoke.Alumni attended a spécial viewing of "5000Years of Korean Art" at the Art Institute ofChicago, on April 18. Harrie A. Vanderstap-pen, professor in the Departments of Art andFar Eastern Languages and Civilizations,gave a lecture before the tour. Later, the groupwent to the Monroe Club for an orientaldinner.CINCINNATI(See page 14)CLEVELANDJonathan Fanton, vice-président ofAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning, and Peter Meyer, Director of the EnricoFermi Institute and professor in the Department of Physics, met with alumni and parentsover lunch at the Hollenen House Hôtel, onApril 22, Martin Friedman, AB'72, MAT'75,made arrangements.COLUMBUSAlumni and parents gathered at the homeof Daniel Farrell AB'65, AM'68, for a wine andcheese party, on April 13. Peggy McQuadeHedden, JD'70, made arrangements.DENVERAlumni toured the new Denver Center forthe Performing Arts, then attended a performance of "A Midsummer Night's Dream,"on March 29. Barbara Wagonfeld, AB'58, program chairperson, handled arrangements.The group viewed the Denver ArtMuseum's travelling collection, "A Centuryof French Masters: Corot to Braque," on April9. Again, Barabara Wagonfeld handled arrangements.INDIANAJonathan Fanton, vice-président ofAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning, spoke on "Issues and OpportunitiesBefore the University in the '80' s" at a dinnermeeting of The University of Chicago Club ofNorthwest Indiana, at the Red Lantern Inn inBeverly Shores, on May 28. ElizabethWilliamson, AB'43, AM'48, président of theclub, made arrangements.KANSAS CITYPhilip B. Kurland, William R. Kenan, Jr.Distinguished Service Professor in the Collège and professor in the Law School, spokeon "The Brethren: The Suprême Court,Watergate-Style," at the Granada Royale, onMay 3. His talk was followed by a wine andcheese réception. Fred Samson, SB'48,PhD'52, organizing président of The University of Chicago Club of Kansas City, madearrangements. LOS ANGELESRichard G. Stern, novelist and professor ofEnglish in the Collège and the Committee onGeneral Studies in the Humanities, spoke on"The Invention of the Real," at the faculty clubof The California Institute of Technology, theAtheneum, on March 24. Irving Bengelsdorf,SM'48, PhD'51, président of The University ofChicago Club of Los Angeles, helped makearrangements.NEW YORK CITYVisiting Professor Séries. Norman Golb,professor in the Department of Near EasternLanguages and Civilizations spoke on "TheProblem of the Dead Sea Scrolls and a NewInterprétation," at the New York UniversityClub, on March 12. A cash bar was provided.William Vasilio Sotirovich, AM'57, AM'60,séries co-ordinator for The University ofChicago Club of New York, made arrangements.Visiting Professor Séries. Michael S.Schudson, assistant professor in the Department of Sociology, discussed "Advertisingand the 'Fraudulent' Society" at the New YorkUniversity Club, on March 20. A cash bar wasprovided.Visiting Professor Séries. Richard J. Was-sersug, assistant professor in the Departmentof Anatomy and the Committee on Evolu-tionary Biology, spoke on "UnderstandingAdaptation: Tools for the Modem Naturalist"at the New York University Club, on April 29.A cash bar was provided.A dinner meeting was held in the TowerRoom and Tenace of the Williamsburgh Sav-ings Bank in Brooklyn on May 2. The buildingis considered one of New York's most stun-ning, architecturally. Afterwards the groupattended a performance of "Johnny On theSpot" at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.Marjorie Russel Crown, AB'63, programchairperson for The University of ChicagoClub of New York, co-ordinated this event.Norval Morris, Julius Kreeger Professor ofLaw and Criminology in the Law School,spoke on "Current Crime Concerns," at theUniversity Club. The cocktail réception wassponsored by the University of Chicago Clubof New York. Martin Gendell, AB'56, isprésident.PHILADELPHIA"The University of Chicago Cornes toPhiladelphia" program was presented onMay 4. Participating in a panel discussion onthe University with Président Hanna H. Graywere Wayne Booth, George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of English and member of the Committee for the Analysis of Ideas and Methods;Paul E. Peterson, professor in the Departments of Political Science and Education; andGerald P. Doyle, student in the Collège. Discussion took place after lunch, and was followed by an informai réception. Martin Wald,30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980MBA'57, JD'64, program chairperson, madearrangements.PHOENIXThe University of Chicago Club of Phoenixwas formed on March 21 and Eugène Kadish,AB'63, JD'66, was elected président. RichardStern, novelist and professor of English in theCollège and member of the Committee onGeneral Studies in the Humanities, spoke on"The Invention of the Real."PITTSBURGH(See page 14)PORTLANDWilliam McNeill> Robert A. Milliken Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of History, spoke on "Arms and De-mand: An Inquiry Into the Historical Originsof Our Military-Industrial Complex," beforealumni and parents at the Benson Hôtel onMarch 27. Light refreshments were served.Stan Biles, AB'75, a former student ofMcNeill's, made arrangements.PRINCETON, NJPeter F. Dembowski, professor and chairman of the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures, met informally withalumni in the home of Dorothy Powers,SM'52, and James Powers on March 13. GaleWestgate, AB'55, AB'57, planned and im-plemented this program.ROCHESTER, NYJonathan Fanton, vice-président ofAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning, spoke at the University Club on March6, at an informai cocktail réception, arrangedwith the assistance of Wiliam Diez, PhB'36,PhD'45.ROCKFORD, ILWalter D. Fackler, professor in theGraduate School of Business, and director ofthe Management Program and Executive Program, spoke on "Doing Business in the 80's"over dinner at the Ramada Inn on May 19.Don Clark, MBA'74, made arrangements.SAN DIEGOHoward Wilcox, MS'48, PhD'48, spoke on"Prospects for Farming the Open Océans," onJune 6. Wilcox is a staff scientist with the U.S.Naval Océan Systems Center.SAN FRANCISCOChicago By the Bay V — The 80s: Projectionsand Probabilities, April 19. This annual program, now in its fifth year, brought togetherrive faculty members from The University ofChicago for a luncheon and half-day ofclasses. The faculty and their topics: Barry D.Karl, Norman and Edna Freehling Professor in the Department of History, and member ofthe Committee on Public Policy Studies, "Private Education in the U.S. — History of anEndangered Species"; Norman H. Nie, professor in the Department of Political Sciences,"Participatory Democracy and AccountableGovernment in a Declining Party System: AnUndiagnosed Crisis"; Paul E. Peterson, professor in the Departments of Political Scienceand Education, "Connections, Credentials,and Compétence: The Declining Significanceof Social Class"; Teresa A. Sullivan, assistantprofessor in the Department of Sociology,"The Counting of America"; and Richard P.Taub, associate professor in the Division ofthe Social Sciences and the Collège, chairmanof the Public Affairs Program in the Collège,and Director of the Program for UrbanNeighborhoods, "The Future of the City."Deborah Dashow Ruth, AM'64, By-the-BayV chairperson of The University of ChicagoClub of San Francisco, coordinated arrangements. Other members of the By-the-Bay VCommittee are: Frank L. Hughes, AB'39;Marcia Kallison, AB'66; Donald L. McGee,JD'66; Lyle W. Smith, Jr. AB'42; LouiseWechsler, AB'42, AM'44.ST. PETERSBURGJonathan Fanton, vice-président ofAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning, spoke at a luncheon meeting of alumni,at Bradford's Coach House on March 15. TaviaPottenger, X'47, was coordinator.SANTA BARBARAWaldo Dubberstein, AM'31, PhD'34, spokeon "Understanding the Problems of the Mid-dleEast,"onMay28.TOKYOKiyoaki Murata, AM'47, editor-in-chief ofThe Japon Times, spoke on "The United Nations and World Politics," at the Japan PressCenter, on March 4. Murata is vice-chairmanof The University of Chicago Alumni Association of Tokyo. Iwao Shino, MBA'55, isprésident of the Japan alumni group.TUCSONRichard G. Stern, novelist and professor ofEnglish in the Collège and member of TheCommittee on General Studies in theHumanities, spoke on "The Invention of theReal," at the Doubletree Inn, March 20. TheUniversity of Chicago Club of Tucson wasformed, and John Boop, MBA'68, was electedprésident.WASHINGTON, DCThe group attended a performance ofArthur Miller' s "After the Fall" at the ArenaStage Théâtre, on March 12. Later they met,over wine and cheese, with cast members.Sidney Kasper, PhB'33, of the University ofChicago Club of Washington, DC, helpedmake arrangements. ALUMNINEWSImplementation Committee onAlumni Affairs hears reportThe Implementation Committee of the AdHoc Commission on Alumni Affairs, (alsoknown as the Schultz Commission, namedfor chairman Arthur Schultz, X'41, AB'67) metfor the first time in late March at Robie House.The Implementation Committee was appointed by Président Hanna H. Gray at therequest of the Schultz Commission to overseethe fulfillment of that body's recommen-dations for improving relations between theUniversity and its 87,000 living alumni.Chairman of the Implementation Committee is Michael Klowden, AB'67, of LosAngeles.Peter Kountz, executive director of University Alumni Affairs, gave a progress report.Highlights of his report follow:Plans for restructuring the national alumnicabinet (the governing body of The Universityof Chicago Alumni Association), hâve beenapproved by the executive committee of thecabinet. Elections for members of the cabinetwill be held in the fall, following the newguidelines recommended by the SchultzCommission.(Note: You should be aware of the distinction between The University of ChicagoAlumni Association and the UniversityAlumni Affairs Office. The Alumni Association encompasses in its membership ailalumni, including former faculty members.The University Alumni Affairs Office consistsof the professional staff, supported by theUniversity, located in Robie House. TheAlumni Affairs Office's functions includemaintenance of alumni records, and implementation of programs for alumni. Someof thèse programs are sponsored jointly by theUniversity and the Alumni Association, someby the University alone.)Ten new University of Chicago AlumniClubs are in various stages of formation,among them a University of Chicago Club ofGreater Chicago. Some of thèse groups hâvedecided to set up a dues structure.The Alumni Schools Committee (ASC),comprised of alumni volunteers who help re-cruit students for the Collège, has formed anational board, which held its first meeting inChicago in May.In addition, ASC has held four régionalmeetings, two in Chicago and one each in SanFrancisco and New York.ASC is now publishing its own quarterly,ASC Newsletter.The Schultz Commission was concernedthat the records System of the Alumni AffairsOffice was inadéquate and inefficient. Accord-31ingly, a sub-committee has been studying theproblems involved, and has recommendedthat a full-time project director be hired, tooversee improvement of the system. A director will be named shortly, and will work withthe committee to up-date and improve thesystem.An alumni-faculty advisory committee onThe University of Chicago Magazine, set up onthe recommendation of the Schultz Commission, held its first meeting with editor FeliciaAntonelli Holton in April, and discussedplans for the future of the publication. (For acommittee roster, see the masthead of theMagazine.)A statistical profile of the University, for useby volunteers and staff, and a directory ofalumni leadership hâve been prepared andwill be published soon.The Alumni Association and the AlumniAffairs Office hâve been working together toplan alumni programs, to be presented na-tionally and in the Chicago area.The Alumni Affairs Office has been con-ducting a séries of on-campus bag-lunch discussions for students, entitled "Life AfterGraduation." Alumni from various professions talk informally and answer questionsrelating to their fields. The Alumni AffairsOffice also has been cooperating with the Office of Career Counseling and Placement to setup an alumni contact file for students seekingadvice on future careers.The Alumni Affairs Office has been working môre closely with alumni staff of the pro-fessional schools, to coordinate activities andplan joint programs.Other members of the ImplementationCommittee of the Ad Hoc Commission onAlumni Affairs are: Edward L. Anderson, Jr.PhB'46, SM'49, New York; Robert D.Fitzgerald, MBA'60, Chicago; Juana SinclairHarper, AB'74, Chicago; C. William Kontos,AB'47, AM'48, Washington, DC; and DanielC. Smith, AB'38, JD'40, Chicago.Ex-officio members of the committee in-clude Jonathan Fanton, vice-président forAcadémie Resources and Institutional Planning; Peter Kountz, executive director of University Alumni Affairs; Ruth Halloran, associate director of University Alumni Affairs;and Charles Boand, LLB'33, MBA'57;président, University of Chicago Alumni Association.New Addresses for Régional OfficesThe University of ChicagoNew York Metropolitan Office110 E. 59th Street, Suite 1010New York, NY 10022 (212) 935-1977Résident Staff:Joanne Landy, X'61, Christine O'NeillThe University of ChicagoWestern Régional Office2001 South Barrington Avenue, Suite 307Los Angeles, CA 90025 (213) 477-0474Résident Staff:Marie Stephens, Karen Stone, AB'67 CLASS NEWS1 O Elizabeth Crosby, SM'12, PhD'15,* f i has been presented with a medal ofscience by Président Carter for her sixty yearsof work as a neurosurgical consultant to theUniversity of Michigan Médical School, AnnArbor, MI.\ \ï The 125th commencement at-Lv_J Westminster Collège, Fulton, MO,was dedicated to Edmund C. Humphery,SM13, PhD'15, "in récognition of his profes-sional accomplishments, his abiding interestin and concern for his fellow men, his dévotion to éducation, and most especially hislifelong commitment to Westminster Collège." Humphery received his A.B. degreefrom Westminster Collège in 1909. Aftergraduating from the University of Chicago, hebegan a distinguished career of thirty-sevenyears with the E. I. duPont de Nemours Corp.0"7 Albert Lepawsky, PhB'27, PhD'31,sLml taught "Introduction to the SocialSciences" and gave two public lectures as avisiting professor at Pitzer Collège, Clare-mont, CA, during the spring semester.Lepawsky is professor emeritus of politicalscience at the University of California, Berkeley.O O Charles S. Barrett, PhD'28, profes-Z—VJ sor emeritus of the James Frank Institute at the University of Chicago, has beenelected an honorary member of the AmericanInstitute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers. He was cited for his "out-standing contributions to the advancement ofmétal science through his prolific researchesin x-ray crystallography, phase transformations and microstructure and for his distinguished record of service to metallurgical éducation and profession." He is currently seniorresearch scientist at the University of DenverResearch Institute, Denver, CO, and adjunctprofessor of physics at the University ofDenver.OQ David Sung, AM'29, exhibited£mS some of his paintings and pastelportraits in the Beacon, NY office of the Al-bany Savings Bank."^11 Marian Alschuler Despres,\J\j PhB'30, PhD'36, received the 1980award of the year from the Harvard Clubs ofChicago for her work in architecturalpréservation. She was a founder of theChicago Architecture Foundation, anoriginator of their innovative walking tours,and a worker for restoration of Henry HobsonRichardson's Glessner House at 1800 S. PrairieAvenue in Chicago. OO William B. Graham, SB'32, JD'36,\j£m a trustée of the University ofChicago, was chairman of the twentieth an-nual présentation dinner for the 1980Humanitarian Service Award given by theAbraham Lincoln Centre of Chicago in Feb-ruary. Graham is chairman of the board andchief executive officer of Baxter TravenolLaboratories, Inc., Deerfield, IL.OQ Alice Mooradian, X'33, is chair-\J\J man of the Psychiatrie AdvocacyCouncil for the Elderly of the Buffalo Psychiatrie Center in Buffalo, NY.Senator Abraham A. Ribicoff (d., CT),LLB'33, was the guest of honor at the annualJefferson-Jackson-Bailey fund-raising dinnergiven by Connecticut Democrats in March.Erik Wahlgren, PhB'33, PhD'38, was presented with the Knight's Cross of the Order ofthe Falcon by the Republic of Iceland. A résident of Lake Oswego, OR, since his retire-ment from the University of California at LosAngeles, he is currently Honorary Professorof Old Icelandic at Portland State University,Portland, OR.\î^^ Virginia Graham, X'34, was theV_/ -L honorary chairman for the 1980Hearts of Gold Bail, a fund-raiser held inJanuary by the Richmond, VA area chapter ofthe American Heart Association.John M. Hills, PhD'34, has been named tohonorary membership in the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Given topersons who hâve distinguished themselvesby their service and dévotion to the scienceand profession of petroleum geology, honorary membership is the second highest awardbestowed by the association. Hills is professorof geology at the University of Texas, El Paso,and Consulting geologist for the firm of Penn,Mills, and Turner in Midland, TX.OC Joseph C. Varkala, AB'35, AM'36,cJ\-/ who was responsible for the suc-cessful marketing in the U.S. of the Frenchproducts T-Fal non-stick cookware and thenow famous MOULI cheese grater, was hon-ored for the second time by the French government with membership in the French National Order of the Légion of Honor. DuringWorld War II, as a lieutenant commander inthe U.S. Navy, he was first decorated with therank of Chevalier (Knight) by General CharlesdeGaulle. He recently received the Officer'sCross for his outstanding contributions to thegrowth of French commerce and industry inthe United States. He is founder andprésident of MOULI, VARCO, and T-FalHousewares of Belleville, NJ.\ï ZL Katherine Dunham, PhB'36, was<J\J the subject of a profile called "Divine Drumbeats: Katherine Dunham and HerPeople" shown as part of the Public Broadcast-32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAG AZINE/jUNE 1980ing System's "Dance in America" séries inApril.L. J. Rather, SM'36, is the author of TheDream of Self-Destruction: Wagner's Ring and theModem World, recently published byLouisiana State University Press. He is professor emeritus at Stanford University Schoolof Medicine, Stanford, CA.Léonard F. C. Reichle, AB'36, has beenelected executive vice-président and amember of the board of directors of EbascoServices, Inc. in New York. Reichle is respon-sible for Ebasco's advanced technology andspécial projects division.OQ Landrum R. Bolling, AM'38,<J*J chairman of the Council on Foun-dations in Washington, DC, was the guestspeaker at the University of Tennessee, Knox-ville, fall quarter commencement exercises.-ZvJ Edwin A. Bergman, AB'39, a trus-\*J ^ tee of the University of Chicago,has been elected chairman and chief executiveofficer of U.S. Réduction Co., a wholly-owned subsidiary of American Can Co.^O Betty Glixen Levinstein, AB'40,Jtv/ has won the Hannah G. SolomonAward presented annually by the NationalCouncil of Jewish Women, Syracuse, NY. Theaward recognizes "a woman who has helpedto change and expand the rôle of other womenin vital areas of the community, and whoseleadership has motivated others to fight forchange."Guido Weigend, AB'40, SM'46, PhD'49,member of the Arizona Humanities Council,has been re-elected to the executive committee of the Fédération of Public Programs in theHumanities. He is dean of the Collège of Libéral Arts and professor of geography atArizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Thefédération is a national organization of statehumanities programs.A*\ I°hn c- Gerber, PhD'41, wasJE JL awarded the degree of Doctor ofLetters from Morningside Collège, Sioux City,IA. Since retiring in 1976 from the Universityof Iowa where he was director of the School ofLetters and chairman of the Department ofEnglish, Gerber has been chairman of the Department of English at the State University ofNew York at Albany.Ernest Leiser, AB'41, has been namedvice-président, spécial events and politicalcoverage, for CBS News in New York City. Inhis new position, Leiser will be in charge ofprimary and election-night coverage.P.C. Robinson, AM'41, has been electedfirst vice-président of the National Association of Independent Fee Appraisers, a St.Louis-based organization.Emma Inman Williams, AM'41, wasnamed 1979 Woman of the Year by the Altrusa Club of Jackson, TN. "Miss Emmy" taughtAmerican History at the former Jackson HighSchool for forty-three years, edited the bookpage of The Jackson Sun, and wrote HistoriéMadison, a history of Madison County, TN.Though retired from teaching, she works reg-ularly in the Tennessee Room of theJackson-Madison County Library.A**) Robert S. Burgess, AM'42, profes-I <— ¦ sor of library and information science at the State University of New York atAlbany was chosen by the U.S. EducationalFoundation in Iceland to lecture at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik.Bradley H. Patterson, Jr., AB'42, AM'43,has been elected président of the NationalCapital Area Chapter of the American Societyfor Public Administration (ASPA), the soci-ety's largest chapter. He will serve as co-chairman of ASPA's National Policy IssuesCommittee, and has written a spécial ASPApaper entitled "The President's Cabinet: Issues and Questions." Patterson is a seniorstaff member at the Brookings Institution inWashington, DC, after a government careerwhich included fourteen years of service onthe White House staff. Shirley Dobos Patterson, SB'43, has been appointed chief of thedivision of nationwide récréation planning ofthe Héritage Conservation and RécréationService of the Department of the Interior.Three of the Patterson's four children hâveattended the University of Chicago.Robert R. Twyman, AM'42, PhD'50, is co-editor of The Encyclopedia of Southern History,recently published by Louisiana State University Press. He is professor of history at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green,OH.Emilio Weiss, SM'42, PhD'48, chairman ofthe Department of Microbiology at the NavalMédical Research Institute (NMRI), Bethesda,MD, and a former professor at the Universityof Chicago, has been appointed to the firstNMRI Chair of Science. The position was established specifically for Weiss in récognitionof his distinguished work in microbiology.43 Shirley Dobos Patterson, SB'43.See 1942, Bradley H. Patterson, Jr./\ /\ Mary Ellen Jones, SB'44, chairman-L -L of the Department of Biochemistryand Nutrition in the School of Medicine at theUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, isthe first woman to receive a Kenan Professor-ship at the University of North Carolina. Joneshas published ninety research and reviewpapers on metabolism and its régulation, andhas been associate editor of the Canadian Journal of Biochemistry. She has served as councilorof the American Society of BiologicalChemists and nominating committee chair-woman of the biochemistry division of theAmerican Chemical Society. Af\ Carlene Allen Râper, SB'46,^HJ SM'47, has received a grant fromthe Research Corp. of New York to study thegenetic process of a wood-rotting mushroomknown as Schizophyllum commune. She willconduct the research at Wellesley Collègewhere she is assistant professor of biology.AJ7 George S. Goodell, MBA'47, hasJL/ been named chairman of the Department of Finance, School of Business Administration, Miami University, Oxford, OH.He currently holds the same position atLoyola University, Chicago. Goodell hasserved as a spécial consultant to the Agencyfor International Development.Nora Moser Taylor, SB'47, has retired fromher position as mathematician at the DavidTaylor Naval Ship Research and DevelopmentCenter at Bethesda, MD. She has been a computer programmer and software specialistthere since 1950.^O Reid A. Bryson, PhD'48, has beenJ.U voted president-elect of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. Director of the University of WisconsinInstitute for Environmental Studies, Bryson isinternationally known for his research, writ-ing, workshops, and conférences on climatol-ogy and meteorology.Ruth MacKenzie Saxe, PhB'48, AM'52, hasbeen elected to the national board of the Médical Collège of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,PA. She was deputy director of the PeaceCorps in 1977-78 and vice président of thecitizens' lobby of Common Cause from 1975-77.Mitchell Szady, SB'48, was ordained forthe permanent diaconate of the Catholicchurch by John Cardinal Cody in a ceremonyat Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago in De-cember. Szady, a laboratory director at AnchorHealth Maintenance Organization, will continue to live as a layman while undertakingthe responsibilities and privilèges of the ordained Catholic clergy.KennethE. Wilson, JD'48, has been nameda trustée of Roosevelt University. Wilson iscurrently Appellate Court Justice for the FirstDistrict in Illinois.A Q Roalda Jensen Alderman, AB'49,-*--^ AM'67, has been named IllinoisDepartment of Mental Health and Devel-opmental Disabilities associate director foralcoholism services and liaison to the Dan-gerous Drugs Commission. Aldermanpreviously served as the state's first superin-tendent of the division of alcoholism. Shereceived a Governor 's Superior AchievementAward in 1972 for her work in hospital administration and health care.Dan E. Andrew, MBA'49, has been electedprésident and chief executive officer of DesPlaines National Bank in Des Plaines, IL.33Andrew came to Des Plaines National Bank in1975 as executive vice-président. He was pre-viously vice-président and trust officer ofCitizens Bank & Trust Co., Park Ridge, IL.Lawrence L. Boger, X'49, président of Ok-lahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, wasthe featured speaker for the El Reno, (OK.)Chamber of Commerce annual banquet inJanuary.Marcus E. Riedel, AB'49, PhD'67, philosophy professor at Valparaiso University'sChrist Collège, Valparaiso, IN, has been appointed director of the university's overseasstudy program in Reutlingen, Germany.Cr\ Harry N. D. Fisher, AB'50, JD'53,\~S\J has been named assistant editor ofSf. Louis Commerce Magazine. He was pre-viously public relations director of Fisher,Waltke & Hagen, a Clayton, MO advertisingagency.Koster: Americans in Search of Their PrehistoricPast, a book about the "new" archaeology byFelicia Antonelli Holton, AB'50, and StuartStruever, PhD'68, was named one of the "100Best Sci-Tech Books of 1979" by Library Journal.Published by Doubleday/Anchor last year, ithas just been issued as a mass market paper-back by New American Library/ Signet. Holton is editor of The University of ChicagoMagazine, and Struever is professor of an-thropology at Northwestern University.Guy D. Potter, AB'50, SB'57, MD'60, washonored by the Royal Australasian Collège ofRadiologists for "his contribution to radiol-ogy, his books and articles on radiology of thehead and neck, and his eminence as a scholar,educator, and radiologist" at a ceremony heldin Hobart, Tasmania. Potter is the director ofthe Department of Radiology at Lenox HillHospital in New York City.CI Vern L. Bullough, AM'51, PhD'54,\J JL has been named dean of the BuffaloState Collège Faculty of Natural and SocialSciences in Buffalo, NY. He was previouslyprofessor at and founder and director of theCenter for Sex Research at California StateUniversity at Northridge. He has writtenmany books, including Homosexuality: A History and Sexual Variance in Society and History,and is co-editor of the Journal of Sex Research.He has been commissioner of building andsafety for the City of Los Angeles, and viceprésident of the American Civil LibertiesUnion of Southern California. In 1978 he received the Los Angeles Mayor's Office Certifi-cate of Merit and in 1979 the DistinguishedHumanist Award of the American HumanistAssociation.Solon B. Cousins, AM'51, has been namedexecutive director of the national board andthe national council of Young Men's ChristianAssociations of the U.S. A. Currently executive director of the United Way of Metropoli-tian Chicago (the country's largest localUnited Way) and chairman of the Illinois Gov ernor 's Commission on Celebrating the International Year of the Child, Cousins also serveson the University of Chicago's Visiting Committee for Student Programs.Edward H. Nakamura, JD'51, has been appointed associate justice of the Hawaii Suprême Court. Nakamura is a former régent ofthe University of Hawaii and a vétéran laborlawyer.John L. Sever, AB'51, chief of the infectiousdiseases branch of intramural research programs of the National Institute of Neurologi-cal and Communicative Disorders and Strokeat the National Institutes of Health inBethesda, MD, has been awarded the $10001979 Kimble Methodology Research Award.The award, sponsored by the Kimble Divisionof Owens-Illinois, Inc., recognizes Sever 'sdevelopmental work in the miniturization ofseroepidemological techniques, such as theMicrotiter System, and his development ofdiagnostic procédures and reagents which arein use Worldwide. Seroepidemology is thestudy of blood and its various components forthe purpose of determining the frequency anddistribution of diseases in a community.Sever 's miniturization technique reduces theamount of fluid needed to measure variousconcentrations of substances in a fluidmédium.Alice Boston Snyder, AM'51, who formany years has taught drama to learning dis-abled and gifted children, is co-author ofDrama Intégrâtes Basic Skills: Lesson Plans for theLearning Disabled, recently published byCharles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.C^J James R. Eiszner, PhD'52, has been<J+mm elected chief operating officer ofCPC International, Inc., and a member of theexecutive commitee of the board of directors.Eiszner has been président of CPC International since January 1979.Sidney Anders Rand, X'52, began servingas United States Ambassador to Norway inFebruary. He was président of Saint Olaf Collège, Northfield, MN, from 1963-1980.David Ray, AB'52, AM'57, received the1979 William Carlos Williams Award from thePoetry Society of America for his latest book,The Tramp's Cup, published by the CharitonReview Press. The prize is awarded for a bookof poetry published by a small, non-profit, oruniversity press, and provides for the pur-chase of 700 copies of the book to be distrib-uted by the Poetry Society. As a graduate student at the University of Chicago, Ray editedthe Chicago Review. His poems hâve appearedin Harper's, The New Yorker, Esauire, and ParisReview. Ray is currently professor of English atthe University of Missouri, Kansas City, andeditor of New Letters.CQ Philip S. Haring, AM'53, PhD'54,\J^J was honored at a "Twenty-Five YearClub" luncheon held at Knox Collège, Gales-burg, IL. Haring is professor emeritus of polit ical science and former holder of the RobertMurphy Chair in Political Science at Knox.Ricardo C. Pastor, PhD'53, received theHughes Aircraft Co. Lawrence A. Hyland Patent Award for 1979 for his invention of "reactive atmosphère processing." The invention isa method of obtaining ultra-pure optical andelectronic materials used in lasers, whichsometimes doubles their efficiency. Pastorheads the laser and electro-optic materialssection at Hughes Research Laboratories inMalibu, CA.CC William P. Conway, MBA'55, has\J^S been appointed président of DaleyCollège, Chicago, IL, by the Chicago City Collèges board of trustées. Conway has been act-ing président of the Southwest Side campussince September, and before that was vice-president for seven years.Thomas D. Sherrard, AM'55, has beenhonored with the rank of professor emeritusof urban studies at Purdue UniversityCalumet in Hammond, TN. He was director ofthe Urban Development Institute, and super-vised projects ranging from centralizingcommunity fund drives for the Lake AreaUnited Way, to helping Gary, IN, implementurban renewal under the fédéral Model CitiesAct.Walter L. Walker, AB'55, who formerlytaught courses in social development at theSchool of Social Service Administration at theUniversity of Chicago, has been named to theboard of directors of First Tennessee Bank inMemphis. Walker is président of Le-Moyne-Owen Collège in Memphis.C/l Richard D. Denison, MBA'56, has^y\J been appointed senior vice-president and chief financial officer of theEdward Hines Lumber Co. of Chicago. Hewas previously a vice président of SalomonBros., an investment banking firm.Révérend Marjorie Newlin Learning,AM'56, celebrated her tenth anniversary asminister of the Unitarian-Universalist Churchof Santa Paula, CA. She is the author ofFeminism From the Pulpit, published in 1973.Fred Rothschild, MBA'56, has qualified asa Registered Health Underwriter for the National Association of Health Underwriters.Eura Ann Sargent, AM'56, a retired socialworker for the Indianapolis Public Schools,gave a dramatic reading of poetry at the Indianapolis Children's Muséum during its récent Salute to Black Artists.^J7 Burton Q. Watterson, AM'57,\J I executive director of McKinleyHome for Boys in San Dimas, CA, has beenelected vice-chairman of the Los AngelesCounty Justice System Advisory Group.58 James C. Goodale, JD'58, joinedthe New York law firm of Debe-34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980voise, Plimpton, Lyons & Gates in February.He was previously gênerai counsel and vice-chairman of The New York Times. Goodale willcontinue as outside counsel for the paper andas professor of mass communications law atYale University Law School.Elmer Pagels, MBA'58, has been nameddirector of engineering at Hamco, a division ofKayex Corp., Rochester, NY. Pagels was for-merly manager of project engineering at theInternational division of Borden, Inc., Ran-dolph, NY.t^U James A. Hearn, MBA'59, has re-\J J joined the Marion County, OR, district attomey's office as a senior deputy district attorney. He has spent the last five yearsin private law practice in Newport, OR.r\l 1 Marcus Francis Franda, AM'60,\_/\-/ PhD'66, is the author of India's RuralDevelopment: An Assessment of Alternatives,published in January by Indiana UniversityPress. Franda is an associate of the AmericanUniversities Field Staff.Agnes G. Rezler, PhD'60, was elected toSigma XI, the scientific research society ofNorth America.Clarence C. Traum, MBA'60, has been appointed administrator of the Highlands Régional Médical Center in Pikeville, KY. He hasbeen intérim administrator at the facility sinceMay 1979.ZC"1 William Dowling, MBA'61, hasvJJl joined Public Service Indiana aslabor relations coordinator at its Plainfield, INgênerai headquarters. He previously workedfor Maul Technology Corp. of Indianapolis.Robert H. Keller, Jr., DB'61, AM'62,PhD'67, edited In Honor of Justice Douglas: ASymposium on Individual Freedom and the Government, published by Greenwood Press.Keller is associate professor of history atFairhaven Collège, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA.Joan Sanzenbacher, AB'61, has been pro-moted to assistant director of the Division ofSpécial Programs at Colby Collège, Wa-terville, ME.ÇS\ William R. Bell, MBA'63, has been\J\J appointed président of the UnitedStates Travel Agency, Inc. Bell will direct ailthree operating divisions of the agency, whichis the largest tour operator in Washington,DC.Thomas J. Cottle, AM'63, PhD'68, hasbeen named to the board of overseers of theStone Center for Developmental Services andStudies at Wellesley Collège. Cottle is amember of the Department of Psychiatry atHarvard Médical School and a visiting professor at Columbia Collège in Chicago.David L. Landsittel, MBA'63, has been appointed managing director of auditing procé dures for Arthur Andersen & Co. in Chicago.Landsittel has been with the firm since 1964and became a partner in 1975.Valerian F. Podmolik, MBA'63, has beenelected executive vice-president of opérationsand engineering for RCA Global Communications, Inc. in New York City.Raymond S. Weisler, AB'63, MBA'65, washonored with the rank of professor emeritusof industrial management for his ten years ofteaching at Purdue University Calumet inHammond, IN. Before joining the Purduefaculty, he was a certified public accountantand a practicing attorney.C^A James R. Hocking, MBA'64, has\J JL been named président and chiefexecutive officer of Schroder Naess &Thomas, an investment management firm inNew York City. He was previously senior viceprésident of the portfolio management départaient of John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. in Boston.Frederick L. Neuman, MBA'64, PhD'67, isthe first person to hold the newly establishedPrice Waterhouse Auditing Professorship atthe University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.Neuman has been a member of the accoun-tancy faculty at the University of Minois since1965.G. David Schiering, AM'64, an attorneywith Taft, Stettinius and Hollister in Cincinnati, OH, has been named to the CincinnatiBoard of Education.Ç\£\ Salley De Nardo, MD'65, director\J\*s of nuclear biochemistry at the University of California Davis Médical School, isone of four specialists named by the NuclearRegulatory Commission to its advisory committee on the médical uses of radioisotopes.Gretchen Garner, AB'65, recently exhibitedher collection of photographs, "Catalog: AnArt History of Ephemera," in the Photogra-phy Gallery of the Evanston Art Center,Evanston, IL.Eric L.Hirschhorn, AB'65, has been nameddeputy assistant secretary of commerce forexport administration in the U.S. Departmentof Commerce. Hirschhorn was previouslydeputy associate director of the Office ofManagement and Budget.William Hunt, AB'65, has joined the faculty of Northeastern Illinois University inChicago as "poet-in-residence" in the Department of English. He was previously administrator of the Esperanza School for Men-tally Retarded Children in Chicago.Donald W. Larmouth, AM'65, PhD'72, hasbeen elected chairman of the 1980 Midwestrégional meeting of the American Dialect Society, the oldest linguistic society in the UnitedStates. Larmouth, a member of the Universityof Wisconsin at Green Bay faculty since 1970,is an associate professor in the Communication and Arts program. Katherine Dusak Miller, AB'65, MBA'68,PhD'71, second vice-president of ContinentalBank in Chicago, has been assigned to thebank's bond and money market services division as corporate financial manager./^/l John J. Fannon, MBA'66, has been\J \J elected président of Simpson PaperCo. in San Francisco, CA. Fannon was for-merly vice-president of marketing for thecompany.Stanley R. Reber, AM'66, PhD'70, hasbeen elected a senior vice-president of theFort Worth National Bank in Fort Wbrth, TX.Marjorie Mazen Smith, AM'66, AM'67,has joined the law firm of Peter G . Eikenberryin New York City. For the past two years shehas been gênerai counsel and deputy com-missioner of the New York City départaient ofconsumer affairs.CS7 T. J. (Tim) Bachmeyer, BD'67,\Ji AM'68, PhD'71, conducts his ownpsychotherapy practice, teaches psychologypart-time, and leads workshops on men's libération in Milwaukee, WI.Stéphanie Kraft, AM'67, was the guestspeaker at the Connecticut Valley branch ofthe National League of American Pen Womenin February. She is the author of No Castles onMain Street, and co-author with her husband,David, of An Amherst Chapbook.Michael S. McPherson, AB'67, AM'70,PhD'74, has been promoted to associate professor of économies with tenure at WilliamsCollège, Williamstown, MA.June Carter Perry, AM'67, has been appointed associate director of the Office of Public Affairs at ACTION, the fédéral volunteerservice agency which administers the PeaceCorps and VISTA.Mady Wechsler Segal, AM'67, PhD'73, hasbeen promoted to the rank of associate professor with tenure at the University of Maryland,Collège Park, MD.Charles A. Ward, AM'67, PhD'74, has writ-ten a guide to the history, arts, architecture,and major sights of Russia called Next Time YouGo To Russia. It was published in April byCharles Scribner's Sons.Robert H. Wilcox, SB'67, SM'68, PhD'72,has been named assistant vice-president inthe Chicago office of William M. Mercer, Inc.Wilcox was previously corporate personnelmanager of the employée benefit consultingfirm.ZCO Richard C. Bridgeman, MBA'68,\J\J has been promoted to lieutenantcolonel of the Illinois Air National Guard. Heis communications staff officer at the Guard'sheadquarters at O'Hare International Airportin Chicago.Phyllis Goldblatt, PhD'68, has beenawarded her second Kellogg Fellowship at35Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago, inorder to continue her research on establishingan international and intercultural studies program there. She is associate professor of éducation.Terry L. Meyers, AM'68, PhD'73, has beengiven the Thomas Jefferson Teaching Award atthe Collège of William & Mary, Williamsburg,VA. An associate professor of English, Meyerswas cited for his "extraordinary fund ofenergy and enthusiasm to his chosen career asa teacher and a scholar."Wayne K. Smith, MBA'68, has been electedto principal for the management Consultingfirm of Cresap, McCormick and Paget Inc. ofChicago.Thomas Sowell, PhD'68, is the author ofKnowledge and Décisions, published in February by Basic Books.Stuart Struever, PhD'68. See 1950, FeliciaAntonelli Holton./1Q William R. Barnett, AM'69,\J \s PhD'76, has been promoted to associate professor of religious studies withtenure at LeMoyne Collège in Syracuse, NY.Cari J. Nemec, MBA'69, has been electedvice-president and partner of A. T. KearneyManagement Consultants, of Chicago.Peter Burnham Pond, MBA'69, has beenelected senior vice-president of Smith BarneyHarris Upham and Co., Inc. in New York City.Pond has been with the investment bankingand brokerage firm since 1969.Arthur E. Puotinen, AM'69, PhD'73, haswritten a religious and social history ofFinnish-American immigrants during theirearly seulement in the United States calledFinnish Radicals and Religion in MidwesternMining Towns, 1865-1914. It was recently published by Arno Press. Puotinen is vice-president and dean of Académie Affairs atLenoir-Rhyne Collège, Hickory, NC.^7C\ David Barnard, AB'70, is co-editor/ \J of Nourishing the Humanities inMedicine, recently published by the Universityof Pittsburgh Press.William L. Phillips, AB'70, has been promoted to gênerai attorney responsible for fédéral matters relating to the restructuring of theChicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and PacificRailroad Co. of Chicago.r7'1 James A. Carlson, MBA'71, has/ JL been appointed executive vice-president of the First National Bank of Skokie,IL. Carlson was previously senior vice-president of the institutional banking divisionof American National Bank & Trust Co. ofChicago.Wendell Davenport, MBA'71, has beennamed vice-president of business development for Envirodyne Engineers, Inc. ofChicago. Jane Taylor Fary, AB'71, received a with Highest Distinction from IndianaUniversity School of Nursing in Bloomingtonin August, 1978. She practices part-time as anR.N. in pediatrics in Wisconsin and raises twochildren of her own.Thomas H. Friedberg, MBA'71, vice-president and director of opérations for lifeand international activities for The HartfordInsurance Group since 1977, has been electedsenior vice-president of international prop-erty and casualty opérations.Phillip Kell, MBA'71, was elected firstvice-president of the East Central MichiganHealth System Agency Board. Kell isprésident of Gratiot Community Hospital inAima, MI.Neal D. Madden, JD'71, has joined theRochester, NY law firm of Harter, Secrest &Emery.Tim O'Brien, AB'71, had a story, "Mascot,"in the February issue of Science FictionMagazine.Charles Shabica, PhD'71, a faculty memberat Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago,has been awarded a Kellogg Faculty Fellowship for 1980.Margaret Mary Woehrle, AB'71, marriedSerge Ernest Palu in January in Delmar, N.YShe met her husband, a chemist, in Came-roon, West Africa, after having been evac-uated by the Peace Corps from Chad, whereshe had been teaching English for two years.They will spend another year in Cameroonand plan to cross the Sahara Désert the follow-ing year.^O Théodore Berland, AM'72, is the/ ^L author of Diets '80, the seventh an-nual édition of his book, Rating the Diets. Itwas published in January by ConsumerGuide, Skokie, IL, along with a book onwhich he collaborated, After the Diet - ThenWhat? 50 Rules for Staying Slim.John Joseph Buckley, Jr., JD'72, marriedJane Emily Genster in January. They are attor-neys with the law firm of Williams & Connollyin Washington, DC.O. J. Crepeau, Jr., MBA'72, of Batesville,IN, has been named executive vice-presidentand chief financial officer of Hillenbrand Industries, Inc. He will also continue as trea-surer, a position he has held since 1976.Carol E. Héron, AB'72, will study law atMcGeorge School of Law, University of thePacific, Stockton, CA. She earned her in 1975 at the State University of NewYork at Albany and her M. A. in criminal justice at the same institution in 1979. She iscurrently légal data center coordinator for theNew York State Department of MentalHygiène.Carolyn Pember Keith, AM'72, and herhusband, Larry, of Rockville Centre, NY, arethe parents of Edward Pember Keith, born inOctober. Barbara Davis Stafford, PhD'72, won thesecond annual James L. Clifford Prize for anarticle published in the Autumn 1977 issue ofThe Art Quarterly entitled "Toward RomanticLandscape Perception: Illustrated Travels andthe Rise of 'Singularity' as an Aestheric Cate-gory." Stafford is professor of art history at theUniversity of Delaware, Newark, DE, and theauthor of Symbol and Myth: Humbert de Super-ville's Essay on Absolute Signs in Art, publishedin 1979.'70 James L. Carder, MBA'73, has been/ cJ made a partner in Stein Roe &Farnham, investment counsel. Carder hasbeen with the Chicago firm since 1973.Harvey B. Hirschhorn, MBA'73, an investment strategist for the Chicago office ofStein Roe & Farnham, has been made a partner of that firm.Tom Mahaffey, MBA'73, has been namedsales manager, industrial markets for Cummins Wisconsin, Inc. Mahaffey was previously employed by Rockwell Internationalin Détroit.Mitchell J. Nelson, JD'73, was married inFebruary to Leslie Ann Morse. Nelson is amember of the New York law firm of Wien,Lane & Malkin.fJA Edward C. Agnew, Jr., MBA'74,/ ^t has been named vice-president ofwarehousing for Jewel Food Stores, MelrosePark, IL. Agnew joined Jewel in 1963 as agrocery clerk.Irène M. Capp, AM'74, MBA'76, marriedDonald Edwin Kerr, MBA'75, in November.Both are employed as management consultants with Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc. ofChicago.Kathleen M. Heim, AM'74, has beenchosen co-director of the American LibraryAssociation's proposed pilot profile of womenin the association for the Committee on theStatus of Women in Librarianship. Heim is alecturer at the University of Illinois LibrarySchool in Urbana.James Hirschhorn, JD'74, was married toJudy Sello in January. Hirschhorn is associateprofessor at Rutgers Law School; his wife isassistant U.S. attorney for the District of NewJersey.Louise L. Kurylo, AB'74, is a co-author ofAn International Study of National Health CareFinancing Programs. It was published by theBlue Cross and Blue Shield Associations in1979.'/U* Donald Edwin Kerr, MBA'75. See/ v-J 1974, Irène M. Capp.John L. Knott, MBA'75, has been promotedto plant manager of Wyman-Gordon Co. inDanville, IL. He was previously assistantmanager of the plant.36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/jUNE 1980Jeffrey J. Puschell, AB'75, received a astrophysics from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. He is a research as-tronomer at the National Radio AstronomyObservatory in Charlottesville, VA.Paul G. Reynolds, MBA'75, has beenelected vice-president of Mercantile NationalBank of Dallas, TX. Reynolds was previouslyemployed by Continental Bank in Chicago.'7^1 Michael W. Blascak, JD'76, has* \J been appointed assistant gêneraiattorney for Santa Fe Industries, Inc. ofChicago.Cari J. Carlson, Jr., AB'76, married NanciE. Foster in December. Carlson works for theU.S. Department of Commerce in Washington, DC.Larry A. Goldfarb, AM'76, has been appointed manager of Eger's Jewelers ofCoraopolis, PA.Robert S. Magill, PhD'76, is the author ofCommunity Décision Making for Social Welfare:Federalism, City Government, and the Poor, recently published by Human Sciences Press.Magill is associate professor in the School ofSocial Welfare at the University of Wisconsinat Milwaukee.Gary Pullar, MBA'76, has been promotedto assistant cashier of Central National Bankin Chicago. He was previously cost account-ing manager.Maria Crawford Scott, AB'76, has beenpromoted to associate editor of Pensions &Investments in Chicago.' /' / Cathy A. Beimford, MBA'77, has/ / been elected second vice-presidentof the American National Bank & Trust Co. ofChicago. Beimford is head of the trust investment division's fixed income unit at AmericanNational.Yvon J. Bergevin, MBA'77, has been namedvice-president, equipment management, forthe Flintkote Stone Products Co. of Maryland.He was previously equipment manager forthe L. E. Myers Co. in Chicago.Barbara J. Harris, AM'77, was married inSeptember to Nathan Norman Birnberg. Sheis a psychiatrie social worker at the SiegalInstitute, Michael Reese Hospital, in Chicago.James J. Lindeman, MBA'77, has beennamed vice-president in the sales and leasingdépartaient of Strobeck, Reiss & Co. He wasformerly an opérations officer for ContinentalBank in Chicago.John E. Milkereit, AM'77, has been nameddirector of public relations of the Médical University of South Carolina in Charleston. Hewas previously director of médical center public affairs at the University of Chicago.Lynn Torrance Stevens, AB'77, marriedTodd P. Koechlein in Bond Chapel in December. Both are students in the GraduateSchool of Business at the University ofChicago. WS2 David M. Carr, MBA'78, is vice-/ \J président of the First National Bankof Wellington, KA. Carr writes, "I am havingsome difficulty in applying my knowledge tomaking économie forecasts for the farmers ofSumner County, KA, as they are primarilyconcerned with the weather, rather than therising interest rates and the impending recession!"Kevin Joseph Dunn, MBA'78, was marriedto Jenne Marie Boudreau in September. Dunnis an investment broker for Dean, Witter,Reynolds, Inc. in New York.Karen P. Gibbs, MBA'78, has joined theChicago office of ContiCommodity Services,Inc. as an account executive trainee.Lawrence D. Silberman, AB'78, marriedSusan Ellen Bleiweis in August. Silberman isemployed by Chicago Title & Trust Co.r7Q Bradley F. Baker, AM'79, has been/ S appointed assistant professor of theDepartment of the Library at NortheasternIllinois University, Chicago.Kevin M. Connelly, MBA'79, has beenelected metropolitan banking officer of HarrisTrust & Savings Bank, Chicago. He was previously personnel représentative in publicand employée relations for the bank.Barbara A. Grosse, MBA'79, has joinedFlorida Fidelity Financial, a Miami-basedmortgage financing and real estate firm. Shewas previously loan officer at the First National Bank of Chicago.Musings from Robie HouseAs you might guess, we are ail happilyensconced in the Robie House. Wemoved in on March 17 and by the end ofthe month we were comfortably settled.We want to make the house a home andhâve made a great many changes —mostly "taking away" rather than "add-ing to" — to bring to life the intimacy ofour new home. We hâve begun what ispresently a modest Restoration Fundand as we receive more money we willbegin to make the necessary repairsRobie House needs and, after that,minor, but significant, restorations. Ourhope is to eventually restore the entiremain level of the house — with copies oforiginal furniture and rugs (the mainlevel includes the living and diningrooms) but such a project will be veryexpensive, and more so the longer wewait.We hâve already made great pro-gress with the house, thanks to our ownstaff and some wonderful Universityworkers, especially people from the physical plant department and the ar-chitects from the office of physical planning and construction.Many alumni will hâve had a chanceto see the house while they were hère forReunion, though many more of youhâve yet to visit. Please try to corne tocampus during the summer months. It isbeautiful and much more active than onewould think, and the wonderful leadedWindows of Robie House will be gleam-ing in the sun.Our efforts to organize more alumnicommunities into University of Chicagoclubs continues. We now hâve new clubsin Tucson, Phoenix and Boston, ail for-mally organized with charters, andseveral clubs in various stages of organization: Chicago, Chapel Hill and thestate of North Carolina, Rochester,Minneapolis/St. Paul, St. Petersburg/Tampa, Miami, Denver, and Atlanta.Other alumni communities hâve begunto reorganize their clubs according to therecommendations of the Ad Hoc Commission on Alumni Affairs, among themWashington D.C., Milwaukee, SanFrancisco and Kansas City.We are learning that local clubs canfrequently generate new ideas foralumni programs and projects, and newalumni leaders more easily than looselyorganized groups of alumni. On theother hand, we are also finding thatsome local communities of alumni workbest without any formai organization.We are beginning to understand thedifférences among various alumni communities and will try to generate programs and projects that will respect the"unified diversity" of the alumni whilewe try to build a greater sensé of thewhole alumni body as a community untoitself.One interesting insight that we hâvegained this year in the flurry of ail ourprogram activity involves what we hâvecorne to call "low-budget programs" — aDutch-treat lunch or cocktail party with afaculty member or administrator talkingabout the current University; first-class,short-notice invitations; minimal volun-teer responsibility. If it is understoodthat one purpose of alumni programs isto bring alumni together to talk aboutthemselves and their University, the"low-budget programs" serve this pur-pose quite effectively. We hâve had several such programs, in alumni communities of différent sizes, and ail hâvebeen successful.We will continue to experiment withdifférent formats for gatherings, to find asuitable mix for each group of alumni invarious cities.Peter Kountz, AM '69, PhD '76Executive DirectorUniversity Alumni Affairs37DEATHSFACULTYGrosvenor William Cooper, professor ofmusic and Collège humanities, 1947-1969;chairman of the Department of Music for nineyears, Cooper was best known as a scholar forhis two books, Learning to Listen (1957) and TheRhythmic Structure of Music in collaborationwith Léonard B. Meyer (1969), both publishedby the University of Chicago Press; JulyAvery O. Craven, PhD'24, professor emeritus in the Department of History. He taught atthe University from 1928 until he retired in1952 and was the author of several books onthe Civil War era; January.Jeffery K. Kranzler, SB'61, MD'65, assistant professor in the Department of Radiology; January.William H. Zachariasen, the Ernest DeWittBurton Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physics and theCollège. He came to the University in 1930,where he was for eight years chairman of theDepartment of Physics and for three yearsdean of the Division of Physical Sciences.Zachariasen wrote more than 200 scientificpapers, the first at âge nineteen, and from1943-45 served as a senior physicist on theManhattan Project; December.1900-1909Eliza M. Sloan, PhB'02; November.Julia Isabelle Webster Capps, X'05;January.Colonel Francis W. Parker, Jr., SB'07; prac-ticed patent law for more than fifty years inthe firm of his father, Francis W. Parker, one ofthe first trustées of the University of Chicago;December.Mae Oberfelder Spiegel, X'07; foundedthe Michael Reese Hospital volunteer program and was the first woman on the hospitalboard of directors; January.Lee Howard Madden, X'08; managementconsultant for forty-one years for the Business Research Corp. of Chicago; February.1910-1919Herbert Waldo Hines, DB'll, PhD'22;known internationally for his development ofRotary Club International's world travel program for graduate students; December.Lander MacClintock, ABU, AM'14,PhD'17; held a senior fellowship in the Department of Romance Languages from 1915-17. MacClintock was the son of William D.MacClintock, one of the first professors calledto The University of Chicago by WilliamRainey Harper; February.J. Cari Painter, MD'12; February.H. Russell Stapp, SB'12; January.The Révérend Antriganig A. Bedikian,PhB'13, AM'14, DB'15; pastor emeritus of theArmenian Evangelical Church of New Yorkand former professor at Columbia University;February.Marion F. Brinker, PhB'13; December.Lillian Edith Fowler, MD13; June 1974. Earle B. McKnight, X'13; January.Louis W. Sauer, MD'13, PhD'24; developerof the multiple vaccine used against whoop-ing cough, diphtheria and tetanus; February.Léon Unger, SB'13, MD'15; founder ofNorthwestern University Médical School'sallergy clinic; December.William Burk, SB'14, MD'16; physicianandsurgeon on the staff of Jackson Park Hospitalin Chicago for more than forty years; January.Minnie Getman Horton, SM'14; botanistand painter; at the âge of ninety-six she exhib-ited her flower paintings in Madrid, Spain;December.David Harrison Stevens, PhD'14; formerdirector of humanities of the RockefellerFoundation and at one time professor ofEnglish at The University of Chicago andNorthwestern University; January.Irma Hannah Gross, SB'15, AM'24,PhD'31; professor emeritus of home management, Collège of Human Ecology MichiganState University, East Lansing; a pioneer inthe establishment and development of management in the family as a field of study;January.Walter G. Gingery, AM'16; JulyOlive Greensfelder, PhB'16; received aUniversity of Chicago Alumni Citation in1949; retired English teacher, at Horace MannHigh School, Gary, IN. She was also a founder and executive of the League of WomenVoters; FebruaryThe Révérend A. Royall Gay, AM'17; U.S.Navy chaplain during World War I and head ofthe science départaient at Morgan Park HighSchool in Chicago for more than thirty years;December.The Révérend John Henry Hoff, Sr. ,AM'17, DB18; October.Ralph K. Strong, PhD'17; March.Anne Lahey Ryan, PhB'18; retired teacherand former women's page editor of the DailyJournal Gazette, Mattoon, IL; July.Charles H. Thompson, PhB'18, AM'20,PhD'25; former dean of Howard University'sgraduate school and founder and editor of theJournal ofNegro Education; January.Eleanor Booker Warner, SB'18, SM'30;February.Hellène L. Yost, AM'18; July.Vesper A. Schlenker, SB'19; January.1920-1929Charles Breasted, AB'20, son of the notedEgyptologist and founder of the University ofChicago's Oriental Institute, James HenryBreasted; he was the administrative directorof the Oriental Institute from 1927-1936 andthen worked as a free-lance journalist until hisretirement in 1963; July.John Daniel Endriz, SB'20; July.Walker M. Hinman, SB'20, SM'21; January.Charles Herbert Loomis, PhB'20; July.Alice E. Maxwell, PhB'20; November.Harry F. Nicklaus, PhB'20; January.Rachel Fuller Brown, SM'21, PhD'33; co-discoverer of the first anti-fungal antibiotic forhumans, nystatin; a chemist with the NewYork State Department of Health for forty-three years, she also helped develop a vaccine against pneumonia that is still used today forthe elderly and infirm; January.Carlton H. Casjens, JD'21; one of thefounders and the former city attorney of Bell,CA; December.Mary L. Gilliland, SB'21, MD'25; July.Otto M. Helff, SM'21; retired professor inthe Department of Zoology at New York University; after his retirement in 1963 he con-tinued his research work on cancer for twelveyears; February.Eleanor Byrnes McEnery, PhB'21; January.Frances Ward Massey, PhB'22; November.Frank C. McDonald, MS'22, PhD'26,emeritus professor of physics at SouthernMethodist University, Dallas, TX; September.Joseph B. Rhine, SB'22, SM'23, PhD'25;coined the term extrasensory perception anddid pioneering experiments in the field. Apsychology professor at Duke University,Raleigh, NC, Rhine left Duke in 1965 to set uphis own research organization, the Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man;February.Arthur A. Wuerffel, AB'22.Clarence A. Graham, LLB'23; former Mus-kingum County, OH, Probate Court Judge;December.Lawrence Martin, PhB'23; free-lance writerand former chief editorial writer and foreigncorrespondent for the Chicago Times duringWorld War II; February.Shigeo Nakane, SM'23; January.Allin Hugh Pierce, JD'23; retired U.S. TaxCourt Judge; February.J. Olga Adams, PhB'24, AM'32; for manyyears she taught kindergarten and primarygrades at the University's Laboratory School;was awarded the University of ChicagoAlumni Citation in 1949; formerly président ofthe National Association of Childhood Education; February.Clark M. Eichelberger, X'24; former director of the League of National Associations andexecutive director of the American Association for the United Nations; January.Ralph E. Pettit, SB'24; chemical engineer;February.Albert O. Hillman, X'25; retired managerof treasury opérations for General Electric,Schenectady, NY; January.Cleon Johnson Truitt, AM'26; a chartermember and trustée of the Brain ResearchFoundation (affiliate of the University ofChicago) and former clinical psychologist forthe Chicago Board of Education; January.Elizabeth Graham Granger, PhB'27.Mabelle Dhus Gutekunst, AM'27.Stuart Hertz, PhB'27, JD'30; March.Raymond A. Kinzie, PhB'27; an attorneyfor more than fifty years, a teacher in theGreat Books program, and a member ofChicago's oldest Great Books chapter; December.Dorothy McCoy McBride, PhB'27; October.Doris Smoler Shayne, PhB'27; January.Irène Wilson, PhB'27.Cari W. Broman, PhB'28; organist andchoirmaster of Trinity Episcopal Church inStaunton, VA; July.38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980Allen C. Howard, X'28; one of the found-ing partners of the accounting firm of Touche,Ross and Coe, in Chicago; March.Hermien Davenbaum Nusbaum, X'28;founder and executive director of "Our Baby'sFirst Seven Years," a subsidiary of Mother'sAid, University of Chicago Lying-In Hospital;February.Edmund T. Benson, SB'29; geologist; Oc-tober.Ray F. Crawf ord, SB'29; physician; January.Nicholas John Matsoukas, PhB'29; formerChicago publicist, civic leader, and prominentmember of "The 13 against Triskaideka-phobia," a group which opposed fear of thenumber 13 and other superstitions; December.Harold C. Voris, PhD'29, MD'30;neurosurgeon and former clinical professor ofneurological surgery at the Stritch School ofMedicine, Loyola University Médical Center,Chicago; March.Samuel W. Miller, PhB'29; JD'31; an attorney who represented the Jewish Fédération ofChicago's Council for Jewish Elderly; December.1930-1939Robert Ardrey, PhB'30; playwright andHollywood screenwriter who switched to acareer in anthropology in 1956; he was theauthor of The Territorial Imperative, AfricanGenesis, The Social Contract, and The HuntingHypothesis; January.Yelena Pavlinova Olsen, SM'30; September.John Teal Bobbitt, PhB'31; head of researchand development for Encyclopaedia Britanni-ca's educational film division in Chicago; February.Ulysses Simpson Brooks, SM'31, PhD'49;November.Frances Hallinan McGuineas, PhB'31; aWashington, DC real estate agent for morethan thirty years; March.Richard K. Schmitt, MD'31; February.Henry Léo McCarthy, X'32; former com-missioner of the New York City Welfare Department, called from retirement in 1963 toserve as assistant director of the Illinois Department of Public Aid; May 1979.Frank W. Murray, PhB'32; October.Edith M. Anderson, X'33; October.Florence A. Lieb, X'33; November.The Révérend Harold William Rigney,S.V.D., SB'33, SM'33, PhD'37; a Divine WordCatholic missionary, Father Rigney was heldfor four years by the communist governmentof China on charges of being an American spy.He was président of universities in China andthe Philippines, and of Divine Word Collège,Worth, LA; January.Julian Mishel, PhB'34; February.Mary D. Wilson, PhB'34; January.Ethel Marion Fair, AM'35; librarian andformer président of the Association of American Library Schools; December.Béatrice G. Markey, PhB'35; emeritus professor of political science at the University ofHawaii at Hilo; January.Nathaniel Safran, MD'35; radiologist inBuffalo and Amherst, NY; December. Willard G. DeYoung, MD'36; internist atIllinois Central Community Hospital andformer staff member of the University ofChicago Hospitals; March.Bernard H. Good, JD'36; président of Mid-West Photo Supply Co. in Chicago; October.Edward G. Hefter, X'36; January.Weir Cloyd Stevens, MD'37; December.Edward E. Alt, Jr., SB'38; U.S. Departmentof Agriculture food technologist; January.Drusilla F. Chaderton, PhB'38, AM'41;December.Russell E. Q. Johnson, JD'38; MBA'40;senior partner in the Chicago law firm ofJohnson, Colmar, Kelley, Bailey and Bradley;January.Stephen Mamick, MD'38; former staffmember of Stevens Clinic Hospital in Welch,WV; January.Paul P. Pickering, SB'38, SM'39, MD'41;chief of the plastic surgery section at University Hospital, University of California at SanDiego; December.Warren G. Skoning, AB'38; retired vice-president for facilities planning and development of Sears, Roebuck, & Co. of Chicago;February.Wilmer A. Lamar, AM'39; November.1940-1949Thomas Haie Hamilton, AM'40; PhD'47;président of the University of Hawaii, Hon-olulu; December.Walter Porges, AB'40, AM'42; December.Shirley Akerman Bill, AB'41, AM'42,PhD'50; professor of history at the Universityof Illinois at Chicago Circle; March.Lexie Lucille Cotton, AM'41; October.Kenath H. Sponsel, SB'41, MD'43; October.Joël Bernstein, AB'42, AM'48, PhD'56; retired from the Agency for International Development in 1974 as assistant administratorin charge of the technical assistance bureau;after retiring, he was a project director for theNational Academy of Sciences; January.Robert B. Crow, X'42; December.Stuart Shulberg, X'44.The Révérend Maurice C. Lesage, S.V.D.,SB'46, SM'47; Divine Word Catholic missionary who taught biology at Achimota School inGhana for many years; November.Richard N. Servaas, LLM'47; tax attorneyin Grand Rapids, MI; January.Richard M. Bateman, PhD'48; formerchancellor of Tri-State University, Angola, IN;December.Harold L. Christensen, MBA'49; May 1979.1950-1959Théodore S. Leviton, AB'50, MBA'52; headof his own Chicago business-consulting firm;February.John T. Moore, PhD'52; a professor in theDepartment of Mathematics, University ofWestern Ontario, London, ON; November.Curtis W. Townsend, AM'53; December.Sherman B. Hoyt, MBA'57. Helen F. Zimmerman, AM'57; retired librarian at Steele Mémorial Library, Elmira,NY, and former librarian at The Art Institute ofChicago; December.Frederick S. Lotfey, AMTM'59; member ofthe Research Department at Syracuse University; January.Jo Ann Wilkerson Stone, AB'59, July.1960-1969Donald J. Baer, JD'62; retired trust officer atContinental Illinois National Bank of Chicago;February.Robert K. Slenker, AM'63; teacher inEvanston, IL; November.Raymond John Roper, JD'65; partner in thelaw firm of Balsley and Roper; January.Scott Beach Smith, AB'65; assistant professor of humanities at San José State University,San José, CA; November.1970-1979James William Morris, JD'74.Charles David Huckaba, AM'75, PhD'79;died in an aircraft accident near his Naval AirBase in Texas; FebruaryBarabara Louise Alexander, MBA'77; assistant professor in the School of Social ServiceAdministration and supervisor of the MédicalSocial Services Department of ChicagoLying-In Hospital from 1966-1970; in 1975 shewas the first black woman admitted to theexecutive program in the Graduate School ofBusiness; at the time of her death she wasrégional program consultant for the PublicHealth Service in the Chicago office of theDepartment of Health, Education, and Welfare; November.THE PEPTIDE CONNECTION,continued from page 7DRTC program. "Congress wants us topass thèse findings on as rapidly aspossible, to benefit diabetics."Currently Dr. Sandlow and his staffare drawing up educational programs foruse at several levels. They'll be offeringtraining, in both médical centers, to physicians, nurses, and nutritionists, who,in turn, will educate diabetic patients. Inaddition, they'll offer specialized coursesfor practicing physicians who wish to re-turn for further éducation.And as part of their work they'll set upmodel units involving professional staffand patients, which then will be used todemonstrate teaching methods aboutdiabètes to other health professionals inthe field."I feel confident that with this combi-nation of basic research, clinical research,and educational training of health professionals, we shall make great strides intreating diabètes in the next ten years,"said Dr. Rubenstein.Holton39Anthony Morton Solomon,AB'41, has been appointedprésident of the FédéralReserve Bank of New York. It is oneof the nation's most powerful financial positions.The 60-year-old former under-secretary of the U.S. Treasury formonetary affairs took over asprésident April 1. He replaced PaulA. Volcker, who left in August 1979 tobecome chairman of the Board ofGovemors of the New York FédéralReserve Bank."I am delighted to hâve TonySolomon join the Fédéral ReserveSystem," said Volcker when the appointaient was announced. Volckersaid Solomon "brings great strengthand expérience to a key post."Solomon was chosen from afield of sixty potential candidates,said Robert H. Knight, chairman ofthe bank's board and search committee, because of his "executive expérience, his government expérience, and his fine réputation withcentral bankers around the world."The New York Fédéral ReserveBank is considered the most important of the twelve régional banks inthe system. Its actions to regulate thenation's money supply hâve a directeffect on the availability of money tobusinesses and consumers, and thuson interest rates. The bank must alsomonitor the dollar on the foreigncurrency exchange, trying to avoidsharp fluctuations in its value.As président of the New YorkBank, Solomon will also hâve a permanent voting seat on the FédéralOpen Market Committee, whichsets national monetary policy.When he was undersecretary ofthe Treasury, Solomon put togetherwhat was known to insiders as"Solomon's kitchen sink," the 1978program instituted by the Carteradministration to rescue the ailingdollar on foreign exchange markets.Solomon is also the architect of aplan to reform and stabilize the international monetary System.Known as the "substitution ac-count," it would allow foreign central banks to exchange dollars for a Anthony M. Solomon, AB '41new asset in the International Monetary Fund representing a wide vari-ety of currencies.Before coming to the Treasury in1977, Solomon held many positionsin government, business, andéducation.Born in Arlington, New Jersey,Solomon attended publicschools and the University,where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa.After graduation he placed secondnationwide in a Civil Serviceexamina tion.During World War II, Solomonwas a junior economist in the Officeof Price Administration, and thenjoined the American financial mission to Iran, where he controlledconstruction expenditures for the roadway on which Lend Leasesupplies were transported to theSoviet Union.Solomon received master's de-grees in both économies and publicaffairs from Harvard University, andcompleted a doctoral thesis there(though he never obtained thePh.D.).After working as a Bâche &Company securities analyst for ayear, he started publishing and de-hydrated food businesses in Mexico.His dehydrated food venturemade him a millionaire when, in1961, he sold it to the General FoodsCorporation.Solomon turned from businessto éducation and public service inthe T960's. He taught internationaléconomie relations at Harvard andinitiated a course on governmentand business in Latin America. Hewas also an économie troubleshooterfor the Kennedy administration inLatin America, as Assistant Secretary of State for Economie Affairs,Deputy Assistant Secretary of Statefor Latin America, and Deputy Assistant Administrator of the Agencyfor International Development forLatin America.In 1969 he moved from the StateDepartment to the World Bank,where he organized joint businessventures between Yugoslavia andthe West.From 1972 to late 1973, Solomonwas trade adviser to the chairman ofthe House Ways and Means Committee. The législation he proposedbecame the Trade Act of 1974.Solomon came to the Treasury in1977 at the invitation of then-secre-tary W. Michael Blumenthal, withwhom he had worked on tradenegotiations.Solomon is married to theformer Constance Kaufman. Theyhâve a son, Adam, and a daughter,Tracy.For relaxation, Solomon makeswood, bronze and terra cottasculptures. "Ail my life I hâve ma-nipulated people and money," heonce said, "and I just felt I had to getinto a creative relationship."40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ JUNE 1980In rotating repertory:Opens July 3 ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELLin/ William Shakespearedirected by Nick RudallOpens July 10 THE SERVANT OF TWO MASTERS by Carlo Goldonidirected by Robert SklootOpens July 17 LOVE'S LABOUR'S LOSTin/ William Shakespearedirected by James O'ReillyPerformances are in Hutchinson Court8:30 pm evenings, beginning July 27 Sunday matinées 3 pm(Rain checks will be given if weather forces cancellation)TicketsSeason tickets: $15.00 and $13.00Individual: $6.00 Saturdays$5.00 Fridays$4.00 Wednesday, Thursdays and Sundays$3.50 Sunday matinéesDiscount of $1.00 for students and senior cinzens except for Saturday performancesPLUS: THE CHICAGO BRASS ENSEMBLE in concert July 258:30 pm Hutchinson Court$4.50 gênerai; $3.00 UC students and senior citizensFor information and réservations call: 753-3581COURT THEATRE5706 S. University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637Chicago's oldest outdoor summer théâtre laffiliated with The University of ChicagoTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERobie House5757 Woodlawn AvenueChicago, IL 60637 Second ClassPostage PaidChicago, IL 60607ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTEDI(t |r fCfÉJr1'** iU * '.(l:"*!-! ah^- ¦¦¦'!':Tis Better to Give and Receive. es, it is better to give than receive.However, you can give and receive by establishing aLife Income Plan at The University of Chicago.Many alumni considering a contribution are pleasedto find the University offers a wide range of gift plans,each of which can pay a lifetime income to donors ortheir designated beneficiaries.Donors may obtain significant income and estate taxsavings and still make a meaningful gift toThe University of Chicago. For more information,write or call:Ted Hurwitz or Tom Gelder,Office of Gift andEstate PlanningThe University of Chicago5801 Ellis Avenue, Room 601Chicago, Illinois 60637(312) 753-4930