THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEVOLUME LXXNUMBER 4SUMMER 1978THE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume LXX, Number 4Summer 1978Alumni Association5733 South University AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637(312) 753-2175President: Charles W. Boand (LLB'33,MBA'57)Assistant Director: Ruth HalloranProgram Director: Gwen WitsamanAlumni Schools CommitteeCoordinator: J. Robert Ball, Jr.Regional Offices10100 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 855Los Angeles, California 90067(213)277-7727825 Third Avenue, Suite 1030New York, New York 10022(212)935-19771000 Chestnut Street, Apt. 7DSan Francisco, California 94109(415)928-03372737 Devonshire Place, NWWashington, D.C. 20008(202) 332-3950Second-class postage paid at Chicago,Illinois, and at additional mailing offices.Copyright 1978 by The University ofChicago. CONTENTSOn the Midway 2Two Men and One Other 7The Academic Year in Review 14Nostalgia 24Postcard from Olympus 26Alumni News 28Class Notes 39Letters to the Editor 44Credits 44Cover Note 45Published quarterly Spring, Summer,Fall, and Winter by the Vice Presidentfor Public Affairs. Editor: Iris M. PoliskiEditorial Assistant: Paula S. AusickON THE MIDWAYA Report from the Outing ClubUniversity of Chicago students havealways been active in a wide range ofsports. One of the older campus activities, dating back to at least 1946, isthe Outing Club. It sponsors a variety oftrips, slide shows, films, and instructionin wilderness sports.At the end of last Autumn Quarter,the Club sponsored a trip to GuadalupeNational Park in Texas. While notMount Everest, Guadalupe Mountain isthe highest peak in Texas, good enoughfor six other Outing Club members andme. The excursion included a few daysat Carlsbad, New Mexico, which is onlythirty miles away.The cross-country drive took threedays and was made bearable by numerous stops, science fiction books, meals,and lots of talk. On arrival, we set up abase camp at the foot of the mountainand mentally prepared ourselves for theclimb the next day.We began the ascent early the nextmorning. The four-and-a-half mile trailup Guadalupe started in a river bed andwound its way up in steep switchbacks.Though we carried only day packs, thesebegan to grow heavier and heavier. Atone point, we dropped in the middle ofthe trail, nursing our aching muscles.Then we saw a couple, at least twentyyears older than any of us, making theirway down the slope. If they were coming down, they must have gone up. Ifthey could do it, so could we. And westarted again.While concentrating on breathing, wehad the opportunity to see some spectacular scenery. A variety of cacti,shrubs, and some small trees grow at thebase of the mountain. As we climbed tohigher altitudes, the vegetation changed,and the trees grew taller and taller. There were mule deer, which aresmaller cousins of the common deer,and many unfamiliar birds.We reached the peak — 8,751 feet —afternoon. Two of our group simply collapsed. The rest of us munchedsandwiches, enjoyed the view, and madeattempts to shield ourselves from a windthat made the fiercest Chicago gustsseem balmy. Energized by the view, wefollowed the trail back down and arrivedat base camp before dark. Some of ourgroup were exhilarated, othersexhausted.The three-day backpacking trek beganthe following day. Three days is the limitbecause there is no water in thedesert-mountain trails. Packers mustcarry on their own at least a quart perperson per day. We were amazed at howheavy water can be. At a nearby rangerstation, we filled our bottles, obtainedback-country permits, and chose thethree-day McKittrick Canyon trail.We climbed over two miles nearlystraight up with forty to sixty poundpacks during the first day and arrived atMcKittrick Ridge the second day. Wehad had to climb in several areas butmade good time on the near-levelstretches, covering at least eight miles.The third day was pure pleasure. We hadeaten and drunk enough to lighten ourpacks considerably, the trail was downhill, and we were able to shed coats andsweaters as the day wore on. By late afternoon we were in t-shirts and shorts.Backpackers expend something likethree thousand calories a day. Thoughwe were filthy from days without showers and our muscles ached, food was oneveryone's mind. We decided to treatourselves in Carlsbad, the nearest town.The food was standard Mexican fare, butwe gorged ourselves on sopapillas, a New Mexican delicacy of triangle-shaped dough that puff up like blow fishwhen deep fried. They are served steaming hot, and diners tear off a smallcorner and fill the pocket with honey.We ate two baskets of them.The Park Service tour through NewCave — an undeveloped cavern — wasnext. The cave was different from mostthat are explored by spelunkers; it wasvery large, about forty feet high and verylong. The tour was lit by lantern and webegan to appreciate the blackness of acave. The guides briefly extinguishedtheir lights, leaving us in the cool,slightly damp, absolute darkness.A large number of persons have seenNew Cave, whether they know it or not.It was the setting for parts of a 1950smovie, King Solomon's Mines.At Carlsbad Cavern, our next stop,the two serious "cavers" in our groupwere delighted. The cavern is the size ofseveral football fields and is decoratedwith spectacular stalactite and stalagmiteformations. These are illuminated byelectric lights, and visitors were confinedto a concrete walkway. Visitors were offered postcards and souvenirs and invited to dine in an undergroundlunchroom some 750 feet beneath thesurface of the earth. Unnerved by thesudden commercialization, several of usdecided not to return to Carlsbad thenext day but began the trip home.The Outing Club sponsors quarterlytrips based on the interests of its members. The spring break took participantsto Louisiana for white-water canoeingand exploring the bayous (and BourbonStreet in New Orleans). The Club hassponsored a bike trip to Indiana, and thegroup has also taken weekend trips toDevil's Lake, Wisconsin for rock-climbing. The Club owns camping andclimbing gear.Club members are usually undergraduate or graduate students at theUniversity, but membership is open toalumni, staff, and faculty members.— Abbe FletmanA Simian StoryOne swallow doth not a summer make,but perhaps two musical comedies signalthe beginnings of a tradition. Last year"Dorothy Goes to Oz" and this year"King Kong" ("A Simian Story") wereinterpreted by the men of Lower Rick-ert, a house in Woodward Court. Duringa two-night run, a delighted crowd ofstudents, faculty, staff, and trusteeswatched the cavortings of two largeapes, Icarus, natives, sailors, a clean-cuthero named Flex Cord, a Kung-fu expert2named Chungking, the Pope, Hitler,F.D.R., and a pirate captain (whochanged his wooden leg from right toleft during intermission). A new andpeculiar dimension has come to musicalcomedy. It is as if all the memorable musicals since 1953 had been run through ashredder and reassembled by a band ofcrazed sociologists.However, it is infra dig to evaluate theperformances of full-grown personsdressed in ape suits, especially when oneof them wears three-and-one-half-incheyelashes and sings. This character wasinterpreted by Michael Cox, half ofBernox Enterprises, creators of the musical "Kong." The other half is MarkBernstein (the pirate captain). Bothwrote action, words, and music. LisaHaglund, co-director with Cox, represented the dozen or so women whoseskill kept the production glued together."The men concentrate on acting andlooking beautiful," says Cox. MindyRecht provided the choreography andThomas Reif provided sturdy musicalaccompaniment. Alert listeners detectedsnatches of music from "Peter Pan," "South Pacific," "Rocky," and "Cabaret"(the last sung in an unlikely German accent by a feather-bedecked native chief).With subsidies from the IntercourtCouncil and the profits from the fiftycents admission charge, Bernox andcompany are planning for the 1978-79season. The play? "A Christmas Carol,"more or less.Alleluia the ChapelThis is the fiftieth anniversary year ofRockefeller Memorial Chapel, and on adark day in December, persons driftingthrough the chapel nave might have suspected that preparations were afoot. Forfar, far, above the chancel were artistHarold Haydon and E. Spencer Parsons,dean of the Chapel, on a power rigswinging slowly back and forth in theinterior vaulted ceiling of the Chapel.They were making rubbings of the stoneopenings on the Chapel's north window;Haydon had designed a sort of blaze ofglory incorporating themes of light andfire for the seventeen sections of thegreat north window. The new French an tique and German glass will replace thepainted pastel "cathedral" glass whichnow fills the window.The project, which will take about ayear to complete, is in the hands of avolunteer team of experienced (and inexperienced) glass cutters from the University community. They will insert thenewly-cut and designed sections into thelead dividers between the separate glasspieces. The soldering points number inthe thousands. The glass sections will ultimately be sealed and installed with re-enforcing bars by workmen on the inside and the outside of the window areaHaydon, professor emeritus in the artdepartment, is overseeing the glass cutters; the Renaissance Society, under theinitiative of William H. McNeill, isspearheading the project and, workingwith the Chapel, is seeking funds necessary to complete the work. McNeill isthe Robert A. Millikan DistinguishedService Professor in the Department ofHistory.Other fiftieth anniversary Chapel festivities will culminate on October 29, aSunday.«3tR0CK£FaUR-m£mc>RlflL-CHfiPeL-nORTH-lUinDOU)-STOineD'CLflSS-PROJ£C3Professor Herbert L. Anderson, a University of Chicago physicist who worked withthe late Enrico Fermi on the world's firstself-sustaining nuclear chain reaction, beneath the elm tree under which the atomicscientists often gathered in 1942. The treestood a few feet from Eckhart Hall, aguarded building during World War II,where top secret discussions were held. Thetree was cut down August 26, 1976, a victim of dutch elm disease.TransformationsUntil it was striken by dutch elmblight, a great elm shaded the front ofEckhart Hall. This was the "CouncilTree," under which Enrico Fermi and hiscolleagues met to talk about their secretwork on the Manhattan Project duringWorld War II.When the elm was cut down, somestudents, faculty, and staff carried offpieces of the tree as private com-memoratives. The Vice President forPublic Affairs chose a particularly largesection and had it cut and finished into abench, which he has given to the Physical Sciences Division.The Council Tree bench resides in alarge assembly room in the Research Institutes building, beneath an oil paintingof Enrico Fermi. Several members ofFermi's original team attended the simple dedication ceremony in April. Representatives from the Argonne NationalLaboratory and the Fermi National Accelerator Lab in Batavia attended. Theyand other scientists from the Universityrepresent the continuation of theChicago research which now extends toall parts of the world: prodigious territory to cover in thirty-six years.A Postscript from the LibraryLast summer, on behalf of the historybibliographer at the Regenstein Library,the Magazine solicited town and countryhistories from the alumni. The responsewas gratifying, and in the succeedingmonths, more than ninety volumes wereoffered to the Library by alumni from asclose as Hyde Park and from as far awayas Florida and California.This harvest of materials has beenvery valuable and includes not only localhistories, but also biographies, historiesof colleges, and other materials. In mostcases, the materials offered are quitescarce, since local histories commonlyhave limited press runs and stay in printonly briefly. In several cases, the donorswere also authors or editors of the workssubmitted, providing additional evi dence of the breadth and interest ofalumni activities.The Bicentennial Year stimulated aproduction of local histories — most ofwhich, unfortunately, the Library hasnot been able to acquire. Thus, the Library again invites donations of thesebicentennial books and other local history books which will develop andfurther enrich the permanent researchcollections.The materials may be sent to FrankConaway, History Bibliographer, TheJoseph Regenstein Library, 1110 East57th Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60637.Maps, MapsIn dozens of long oak and metal drawerstucked away in the Joseph RegensteinLibrary, some two hundred and fiftythousand maps are stored, away fromdust and jostling, ready for the restlessfingers of research. This is the MapCollection — one of the largest of the"modern" map collections, though a fewof the maps are very old. The most valu able map is the first detailed topographical map of France, produced in theeighteenth century by a family of cartographers named Cassini.Kathleen Zar, head of the Map Collection, seems to have most of it committed to memory and easily describesits form and function. The reference section and study area house the tools ofaccess: atlases, gazetteers, bibliographies. The gazetteers, most from theU.S. Board on Geographic Names, include place names, physical features'names, and latitude and longitude information."Recently," says Mrs. Zar, "map publishing has come under bibliographiccontrol; it's now easier to identify national and international map products."Thus, researchers can find bibliographies of large universities, public, andprivate map collections, and examinecatalogs of the special map collections atthe Library of Congress. The Map Collection staff stays in touch with theirsources and keeps the reference materialup to date.4A visitor may notice, the absence ofmaps displayed on walls and tables. Mrs.Zar explains that light and pollutants inthe atmosphere are damaging to the paper. Several inexpensive globes andmaps are on view; the important materials are stored flat, sandwiched betweenprotective papers. Map paper is stable insixty to sixty-five degree temperaturesaway from light.The Collection, which was begun in1929, was developed through the nextdecades. In 1935, the Library acquiredpart of the John Crerar Library'scollection — nearly five thousand maps,which included some rare early editions.Abraham Ortelius's map of the worldwas one; others were early maps ofFrench, British, and Italian cities. During World War II, the Library lent mapsto the U.S. Army and to the Library ofCongress. The map needs of the waryears made universities and other organizations aware of the importance ofmaintaining map collections. The Li brary's collection began as "modern"and has largely continued so.The Collection's maps on all subjectsare arranged by region and country, withthe greatest portion devoted to U.S. materials. "Maps are acquired by purchaseand exchange, through depository arrangements, and by outright appeal tothe issuing organizations," Mrs. Zar explains. "One result of the increased bibliographic control of maps seems to betheir increasing price."Gifts to the Collection have helped fillsparse areas and continue to account fora substantial percentage of the acquisitions. Gift funds dedicated to theacquisition of particular maps or mapsubjects are important as are gifts ofmaps collected in the course of travels orbecause of an individual's special interests."We depend to some extent on giftsfrom the faculty. Norton Ginsburg gaveus many Far Eastern and South Asianmaterials, as have faculty members with other area interests. These gifts help toovercome the difficulty of directly acquiring maps from these countries."Foreign maps and materials tend to beextensive in areas where the Universityhas special interests and studies: SlavicEurope, South Asia, the Far East, theMiddle East, and North Africa. Materials on South America are still being assembled, and a grant from the Department of Health, Education, and Welfareassists that project. The staff attempts tokeep maps of the East and Far East up todate. Current maps of the People's Republic of China have become available,and the Collection holds a series ofChinese provincial maps from just before and just after World War II."We live in dread of name changes,"says Mrs. Zar; "it makes map classification difficult. Western Europe is easy —but Africa and Southeast Asia!"Not all the maps in the Library are inthe Map Collection — some are boundinto books, others are adjuncts to serialA MAP OP LOUISIANA AND OF THE RIVER MlSSISSIPI By lohn ^encxFrom the collection an early American map depicting the Midwest during the 1700s.publications, and others are part oftechnical journals, as for instance, in ageology series. Too, maps have recentlybecome popular display pieces and seemto disappear from their publications —the maps from National Geographic magazines provide an example. Therefore,the Collection holds them for safekeeping.Mrs. Zar and her staff attempt toserve all persons with legitimate research projects. However, those searching for traces of the Roman Empire'soutposts in Spain and North Africa willprobably receive more painstaking assistance than those studying topographicdescriptions of Starved Rock State Parkfor the perfect picnic site.In a week's time, the Map Collectionmay receive queries from scholars whoneed: Nineteenth century dioceseboundaries in Chicago; Distribution of fish species infifteen different U.S. rivers; Kinship names in Guiana; Kinship names in Samoa duringMargaret Mead's visit there; Ward boundaries and settlementpatterns in Chicago; Tribal boundaries in nineteenthcentury Africa; Topographic maps of westernMexico; Bathymetric charts of thecontinental shelf; Plans of Muslim walled cities; Maps of Lithuania before the Sovietperiod; Geologic maps of the fault lines inNew York City; Details of strip mines in Illinois,and Water rights in Arizona.The most heavily used maps in thecollection are topographical maps of theU.S. "We are a depository for the U.S.Defense Mapping Agency and the U.S.Geological Survey (USGS)," says Mrs.Zar. "The Geological Survey is the chiefmap-maker for the U.S."All of the U.S. has been mapped onthe scale of one to two hundred and fiftythousand. Mrs. Zar reminds us that asmall scale map shows only gross features and might be on a scale of one toten million. The detailed maps are largescale maps which indicate tiny details,and the scale can be something like oneto twenty-four thousand. "Illinois is abadly-mapped state," she comments;"only a little more than half the state hasbeen mapped at one to twenty-fourthousand."Current USGS mapping is based onaerial photos and several new styles ofmaps have been produced in an effort toimprove the map coverage in states like6 Illinois. The search for oil and rare minerals has spurred on the mapping ofmineral resource areas.At the time the Magazine visited theMap Collection, researchers were devising a digging trip for the geology department, and a student researching thedevelopment of the Salt Lake City business district had returned, with a look ofdistress, for special assistance. Mrs. Zarhad just finished explaining how mylarencapsulation saves map paper fromwear and tear without damaging themaps themselves. We left them pouringover documents, convinced that the Collection was in good hands.Embellishing the Life of the MindMaypole dancers opened this spring'sFestival of the Arts (FOTA) on agoose-pimple-making brisk May Day.The annual month-long celebration ofthe arts includes music, dance, theater,film, poetry, photography, and a potpourri of whimsical activities during thenoon hours.These events of splendid variety aredesigned to engage the brain and ticklethe fancies of University folk. For instance, Modern Poetry Awareness Day(Mo Po) transmitted its message via students reading — rather arrestingly — fromtrees and trash cans. And the second annual animal imitations contest was wonby Professor Richard Wassersug of theanatomy department. His imitation of the Galapagos turtle could not be surpassed.Lest this seem too frivolous, note thatboth a spelling bee and a quiz were included. Since spelling bees cannot beeasily transmitted on the printed page,we submit, for your continuing education, ten questions from the FOTA"Liberal Education Quiz."Some readers may find several of thequestions familiar, as they have beenlifted from Robert M. Hutchins's comprehensive exams. Answers are on page44. No peeking.1. The current French Constitutionis often referred to as the "Fifth Republic." What are the other four republics?2. Name the author who said: "Theage of chivalry is gone; that ofeconomists, sophisters, and calculatorshas succeeded."3. How does the theory of platetectonics account for the existence ofdeep ocean trenches?4. What is the Summa Theologica?5. How does the Piltdown Man fitinto the evolutionary scheme of things?6. Distinguish Aristotle's politicaltheory from that of Hobbes.7. What is the Doppler effect?8. What is 82/3?9. What three races make up theTriple Crown?10. What is the "music of thespheres"?-Two Men andOne Otherr*l !v.''•Two MenNitze-and-DarganThe names Nitze and Dargan generate a kind of musicalrhythm as they are pronounced together. The hyphensare used purposely to emphasize their close association.Indeed, these names evoke deep memories in thosewho knew them in my generation at The University ofChicago. They were leaders in the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures; they guided and directed graduate work; and they collaborated on theprestigious A History of French Literature.Those of us who studied French in the 1930s werefortunate to come into contact with either one. To haveknown both was simply an additional advantage. Eachwas extremely knowledgeable about French literature ingeneral and also in his own special field — Nitze specializing in the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and classicism, and Dargan in the eighteenth, nineteenth andtwentieth centuries. Fellow students of my period at theUniversity may still remember the two "Bibles" ofFrench literature: in French, Lanson's Histoire de la Lit-terature frangaise, and in English, Nitze and Dargan's/4History of French Literature.I became acquainted with the two in 1936 and 1937,when I was an upper division student in French. I hadone course with each: French Classical Culture, agraduate course with Nitze, and Nineteenth CenturyRealism, an undergraduate course with Dargan. (Underthe "Hutchins Plan," students could take a grade or an"R" for Registered in any course that prepared them forthe Bachelor's Comprehensive Examination, given inFrench and in Western European art, history, and philosophy.) I took this opportunity to listen to these twodistinguished professors, and took an "r" in thesecourses. When I later transferred to UCLA, the registrarthere took a dim view of these "r" courses and also of mygrade on the Comprehensive which was not credited.After more than forty years, the portraits of Nitze andDargan may have become a bit dimmed and myProustian endeavor to recapture lost time may be only partially successful. My memories may even be tingedwith a sort of nostalgic la vie en rose atmosphere, thoughI have really tried to present as sober an appraisal aspossible. Both Nitze and Dargan have become infinitelymore attractive to me today than they were to a rathernaive, unsophisticated junior some forty years ago.A o consider William A. Nitze (1876-1957): physically and temperamentally, he was forceful, energetic,persuasive. He was fond of conversing, and once he gotwound up, he could speak for long periods of time withanyone on almost any subject. He was frank and outspoken, had an infectious enthusiasm, spirit, and liveliness. He might have seemed, to someone who did notknow him, somewhat supercilious, hypercritical — andeven aggressive and overbearing. This was not the case.Sometimes he was a little impatient with questionsposed to him in his office, but lie had many responsibilities and duties to attend to.His posture was erect and his gait firm. Although hisclothes were not always elegant, he looked dapper infine shirts, generally with attached collar and a stickpinattached to his necktie. One might have called him colorful.In class, where his approach to teaching reflected akind of exuberant offensive, he could be personally consumed by what he was discussing. His enthusiasm wasinvariably contagious and his students, fascinated, followed every word. Once, after a student asked about theSt. Bartholomew's Massacre, his face lit up as he described some of the most clandestine details. It was arevelation to see how such a thorough scholar of Frenchliterature could enjoy relating the treachery, intrigue,and ensuing murders. Joseph Axelrod (PhD'45) recallsthat, "Every time he pounded the desk, his hornrimmed glasses and I both jumped."It was a mistake to let Professor Nitze know you wereintimidated by what he felt or said. He respected students who "stood up" to him. Once in class he did notseem satisfied with a student's evaluation of Moliere.The student attempted to show that there were elements of farce even in Moliere 's later comedies and shemade her points well. Eventually, Nitze acknowledgedthat there was much relevance in what she said, and hecomplimented her for "sticking to your guns."Nitze had an exceptional factual memory for literaryallusions. He would frequently quote excerpts from famous works to confirm what he was discussing. Oneday, Professor Ullman of classics paused at Nitze's classto speak to him about something and quoted a few linesfrom one of Ovid's poems. Nitze immediately completed the quotation, also in Latin, identifying it first as8by Ovid and then adding about fifteen lines. Ullman andthe students looked on astounded — both at the immediate recall and also at the rather dramatic recital.Another time, a graduate student in philosophy visitingthe class asked Nitze to pursue further the comparisonhe was making between Descartes and Pascal. Nitzepromptly reeled off numerous lines from Descartes'Discours de la Methode and Pascal's Pensees in order toreveal salient differences between the two philosophers.During another class, he had recited, word for word, theSerments de Strasbourg (842). Then, quite spontaneously,he translated it into middle French and finally intomodern French.Nitze excelled at presenting striking contrasts. Fondof the theatre, he portrayed the principal differencesbetween the stage techniques of actresses of thetragedies of Racine's period with those of more modernactresses, such as Bernhardt, Modjeska, and Duse (all ofwhom he had seen). Pretending he was each actress thathe was interpreting, he gave a moving performance inabout fifteen minutes. The entire class applauded hisefforts.He was equally adept at constructing parallels. Oncewhile discussing Villon's preoccupation with the passageof time in various poems, he referred to Lorado Taft'ssculpture 'The Fountain of Time" in Washington Parkas a suitable artistic example of the inexorable sweep oftime and of the application of Ubi sunt? He advised thestudents who had not seen it to do so. And in a talk hegave the Escholiers, the French Club on campus, aboutthe French epic La Chanson de Roland, he explained howthe impetuous Roland and the reasonable Olivier hadtheir modern counterparts on the Chicago varsity football team in Berwanger and Bartlett.\Jne might have thought that someone with as manyresponsibilities as Nitze would have had little time toconsider the efforts of others. This was not so. He madespecial efforts to commend the instructors of RomanceLanguages in the College, calling them "the backbone ofthe department." He would also often refer to the positive teaching contributions of his fellow members in thedepartment, often praising their special interests —phonetics, the Pleiade, Flaubert, etc. Furthermore, Nitzewas certainly interested in the achievements of hisgraduate students. One day, before the class began,Nitze introduced Bernard Weinberg, at that time a doctoral candidate, and asked him to read to the students ashort article he had just written on Moliere for ModernPhilology. After Weinberg left the classroom, Nitze remarked that the University and the department werefortunate in having a student of his caliber. Though Nitze seemed at times unapproachable, hewas basically rather modest. In class, while discussingthe "danse macabre" theme in medieval French culture,he couldn't come up with the name of the nineteenth-century composer who had composed Danse Macabre.As he groped, a woman in the class gingerly volunteered, "Saint-Saens." Nitze responded mildly, "Thankyou. You see, teachers don't know everything."Nitze was devoted to the University from the day hebegan as department chairman in 1909. He was loyal tothe department members and used to boast of the heterogeneous collection of personalities, which he oncejokingly called a "motley crew." He was justifiablyproud of the carefully organized graduate program ofcourses and of the phonetics laboratory. He was a devoted editor of Modern Philology, which became one ofthe leading university journals of languages and literatures. There was no area within his scope that he neglected; it was difficult not to have been aware of hisinfluence. Perhaps this is why President Hutchins observed that "Nitze is the only remaining departmenthead responsible only to God."One morning, Nitze told the students that he hadnoticed in the Chicago Daily Tribune that, in the latestlisting of distinguished university departments in theU.S., Harvard and Columbia were both ranked ahead ofChicago. He said, "This may be true, but Chicago'scome a long way since the day the institution receivedmail addressed 'University of Chicago — Near the FerrisWheel.' " Then he added, mock-ruefully, "Too bad myson Paul had to go to Harvard."JJ/» Preston Dargan (1879-1940) was much differentfrom William A. Nitze. Somewhat ascetic in appearance, he was diffident and retiring, more relaxed, moretactful, and more subtle. He was rather slender, whichmade him seem tall. His whimsical sense of humor wasmore philosophical and subdued than Nitze's. Some ofmy fellow students used to say that they liked Darganbut didn't have the opportunity to know him better. Ialways thought that his innate quietness gave him a kindof enigmatic charm.Dargan had fewer distinctions and recognitions thanNitze, but he seemed an ideal scholar: objective, cool,dispassionate. He did not attempt to impress others bymere erudition, but rather by the use of careful judgment. Like Montaigne, he seemed to favor a head thatwas "well made rather than full of ideas."He tried to see things in their proper perspective,continually applying the steadying criterion of relativism. He seemed to have a special kind of intuitive,built-in insight into writers' backgrounds, tempera-9ments, and motivations. He rarely made a summing-upstatement that was not carefully considered and weighedin advance. He refused to use superlatives, and he attempted to deal with controversial literary questionswith tact and caution. Once when a student in hisNineteenth Century Realism class was giving his reaction to some statements made in Matthew Josephson'sZola and His Time, the student said that, from what hehad read, Zola seemed to "wallow in filth." Dargan (whoactually preferred most other nineteenth century realistic and naturalistic novelists to Zola) still upheld theauthor's right to depict what he chose. He quoted Zola'sfamous remark from his critical work that "An is acorner of nature seen through a writer's temperament."He added that the influence of deterministic theoriesupon Zola accounted for much of his delineation ofhuman squalor and misery and for the depraved condition of some of his characters, and he concluded bycomparing Zola's works and Upton Sinclair's The Jungle.Both authors horrified many of the readers of their day,but in the passing perspective of time, their works couldbe regarded more objectively and logically.Dargan did not permit slipshod work from his students. He expected the best, and his students seemed tosense this and tried to give it to him. He felt there wasno substitute for digging into original sources. He rejected hasty, half-baked conclusions that were acquiredfrom research that had not been assiduous and conscientious. He liked students to answer what he asked forrather than be forced to listen to digressions. One day Iwas in the Romance office in Cobb Hall while an oralexamination for the doctorate was in progress in aninner office. Dargan kept asking the candidate thetheme of a certain play (in French, of course). The unfortunate young man, probably nervous and anxious,chose to expatiate on the subject, plot, characters,style — everything, in fact, but the theme. Dargan keptinsisting, "The theme, the theme, the main idea." Finally, by guiding, hinting, cajoling the candidate, he elicited the desired response. Then, with no evident traceof irritation — indeed, as if the whole procedure had notoccurred — he happily exclaimed, "That's it exactly.That's what I was waiting for you to say all along. Thankyou."Dargan was an unsurpassed lecturer. I remember thefirst time I entered his class in Nineteenth Century Realism. He had lugged about ten heavy books from theadjacent library stacks and had placed them on the tablein front of him. I groaned and thought this would soondevelop into one of those typical academic re-digests ofirrelevant trivia. I was wrong. Dargan turned briefly tothree or four of the books (he rarely used all the bookshe brought to class) and proceeded to interpret theirvital ideas with originality and relevance.Students used to say, "If you want to know the nineteenth century, take Dargan's course in Main Ideasof Modern French Literature." He was never contentmerely to enumerate biographical material, chronology,or plots; he would, instead, discuss the author's approach, character motivation and conflict, and the relative value of the entire work.One could almost invariably find Dargan searching inthe library stacks for books. A student once told me thathe seemed to look upon the books as his own, just asQuasimodo in Hugo's novel, Notre-Dame de Paris, tooka kind of proprietary interest in the bell of the cathedral.Many of us used to nickname him, good-naturedly, "thegalley slave of the stacks." I always wondered about thepossible deleterious effect of the dust upon his lungs.I was always impressed not only by Dargan's knowledge of French literature in general, but also by hisperceptive evaluation of individual authors and works,and more important, of movements and influences. Hewas genuinely capable of indicating the significance ofgeneral movements of thought. He was fond of usingthe word "impact" and liked to explain literaryphenomena in terms of cause and effect. It was an approach that helped him in his clarifications of comparative literature..L/argan was an expert in the field of literary criticism,and only in his course did I become more aware of theimportance of literary criticism as a genre. Before discussing a critic's work, he would first present its essence.Then he would give his own opinion on the worth of theparticular piece of criticism and finally, he would sum upthe ultimate value of the work. Meanwhile, he wouldask questions of the students, so that the whole teachingexperience was not one-sided.Like Nitze, Dargan was adept at explaining analogies,though they were somewhat more involved and analytical than those of his colleague. Sometimes these parallels were with literature and other disciplines. Once hemade a fascinating analogy between Maupassant'sfamous short story, Un Lache (The Duel), and abnormalpsychology, exposing the protagonist's mounting fear atfacing a duel in which he had, unfortunately, made thechallenge. He noted the accompanying physiologicalmanifestations: sweat, pallor, thirst, heart palpitations.He also compared Balzac with Comte, saying that thenovelist had used "applied sociology" in his novels inmuch the same way that Dumas, pere had put Frenchhistory into his adventurous novels. He concluded, "Ifyou want to read 'dry sociology treatises' and 'dry history tomes,' don't read Balzac or Dumas, pere."Dargan once made an enlightening comparison between Zola's L'Assommoir and Jack London's John Bar-10leycorn, revealing how each author relentlessly, evenbrutally, portrayed the excesses of drink. In one of hisfinest analogies, Dargan compared Flaubert's MadameBovary with Sinclair Lewis's Main Street, probing thepersonal (a wife's disillusion with her married life andher search to escape through romance) and the social (anindictment of the dullness and pettiness of small town,middle class life).One day in the class in nineteenth century realism,Dargan seemed to notice me for the first time. He wasdiscussing Flaubert's Un Coeur Simple (A Simple Soul),and he asked the class to identify the main point of thestory. I raised by hand and said it seemed that peoplehad to have someone or something to love — even if itwere a stuffed parrot. He was pleased with this briefanswer and told me to speak with him after class. Heinvited me then to one of the teas held at his home forgraduate students and professors — which was the beginning, to me at least, of another side of Dargan.Somewhat reserved or even withdrawn on campus,here, at these teas, he could be relaxed, congenial,charming. I attended three of these teas and gatheredmixed impressions. I was comfortable enough in thepresence of the students (even graduate students), but Iwas ill-at-ease with the professors. A student in the sameclass with me said, "Don't be scared; after all, Darganinvited you himself." It was true, but in this den of lions,I and two other young male undergraduates kept prettymuch to ourselves. Eventually, Professors Dargan andDavid came up and talked to us. After insisting we havemore cake, Dargan talked of his undergraduate days atBethel College and compared that college's pitifullymeager program of foreign language courses with therich assortment at Chicago. David reminisced about theearly days at the University, when he met his students inclassrooms that resembled attics.Dargan was a humanitarian — or at least he was generous. He knew that I was in bad financial straits. Anyonewho remembers the 1930s must surely recall the financial state of many students at Chicago, who might bedescribed by the pleasant sounding euphemism, "impecunious." I had a NYA job in the education department that paid me $15 a month; I did part-time work ona community newspaper in Woodlawn; and I rose at 5AM about six times each month to deliver handbills allday for the Big 4 Advertising Company for $2.50 a day.The one individual on campus who knew me on a first-name basis was the Bursar, whom I persuaded to get meloans every few weeks.One day, after I had missed a class, I told ProfessorDargan I was simply too tired to come to class afterdelivering handbills till 6 PM. He offered to lend mesome money, which I declined. At any rate, Darganspoke to my old friend the Bursar, who then arranged tomake me an additional short-term loan — rarely done. Dargan also wrote a letter of recommendation for me tothe student placement office, requesting that my NYAposition be renewed for the next year — and it was.Axxlthough I have wanted to show certain differencesbetween William A. Nitze and E. Preston Dargan, therewere some likenesses between the two. Both rceivedtheir PhD at Johns Hopkins University, Nitze in 1899,Dargan in 1906. Both taught at the University ofCalifornia, where they were friends. Both were members of Phi Beta Kappa, both were members of theModern Language Association, and both taught at TheUniversity of Chicago until the end of their officialteaching careers. Nitze retired in 1942 and Dargan diedin 1940. Both undertook important editorships: Nitzeas editor of Modern Philology and Dargan as editor of TheUniversity of Chicago Studies on Balzac. Both demonstrated, in addition to a general interest in French literature, specialization in fields that attracted them: Nitze inArthurian romance and Dargan in Balzac.Their joint undertaking was A History of French Literature (New York, Henry Holt and Company). The bookwent through three printings: 1922, 1927, and 1938. Itremains thorough, sharp, and discriminating, an exercisein good taste. In my opinion, it is still the finest historyof French literature written in English. It seems to methat the value of a history of literature is whether it maybe used long after it has been printed. I have read passages from the book to students in my French literatureclasses and also to those in my humanities classes. Thestudents generally seem to agree with my judgments onthe writers' observations. They ask me, from time totime, to repeat certain lines. They compare Nitze andDargan's statements with others in their texts or in outside readings. These reactions naturally please me andreconfirm my regard for this book.It is a commonplace that students remember theirteachers, some, of course, more than others. They remember them at all levels — elementary, secondary, anduniversity. The memories are based on a wide range ofimpressions, which may vary from realistic, sober judgments to those of the more sentimentalized type favored by James C. Hilton in Goodbye, Mr. Chips. Thefact that the memories of these two men seem so vividto me today, after more than forty years have elapsed, isprobably more a tribute to their own sterling qualitiesthan to the power of my recollections. William A. Nitzeand E. Preston Dargan made significant contributions totheir University, to teaching, to scholarship, but most ofall to their students, to whom they have passed the giftof inspiration.—J. D. Hess AB' 3711One OtherPierre-Robert VigneronVigneron came to the University in 1923, in the aftermath of World War I. Holder of the Croix de Guerrefor gallantry in action and an Agregation from Paris,Pierre-Robert Vigneron was hypersensitively aware ofthe interpretive endeavor as a consuming way of life. Helived his scholarship, and his life might have been difficult in any academic setting. To the builders of theRomance Languages Department of the 1920s, anxiousfor energy and bedrock, Vigneron constituted materialof exquisite promise.He was entirely a product and apostle of French letters and French education. As such, he remained out ofhis habitat in an Anglo-Saxon nation and university,however cosmopolitan. But he was peculiarly a Chicagoscholar in another sense, perhaps the most important:he was an indefatigable worker with the raw material oflearning. He was a reader, a decipherer of manuscripts.Born a generation earlier, he might have been a pioneercritical editor of Stendhal — he was among the keenestcritics of editors.Beginning in 1924, the year following his first appointment at the University, he made annual trips toGrenoble to search and decipher for himself the whimsically difficult manuscripts of Stendhal. Until stoppedby the Second World War, he accumulated a vast storeof material and a mastery which he shared with his students. Vigneron was intolerant of criticism and interpretation not founded on — and duly respectful of —minute and demanding researches. If his ideas of literarycriticism never belonged to the developing "Chicagoschool," if his attitude towards new streams of subjective literary interpretation on both sides of the Atlanticin later years was frankly hostile, his rigor, his bitingirony, and his worship of accuracy, system, and proficiency were intensely characteristic of Chicago. Vigne ron was advocate of a narrow excellence: "II fauttoujours remonter aux sources." It could be argued thata "back to sources" pragmatism characterized contemporary, classical, and Biblical criticism at Chicago fromthe founders on, and Vigneron participated in it.In 1927 he published his ideas for adapting the traditional French explication de textes to American modernlanguage pedagogy. The University of Chicago Pressreprinted his paper (from the Modern Language Journal)in 1928. If Vigneron was neither the first nor last toattempt to import European explicative disciplines intoa soft, often unformed American pedagogic attitude, hewas among the first independent and original scholars tointerest themselves in the issue and preach their practiceloudly, with warmth. This methodology's influence wasfelt throughout modern languages at the University, andin a period when the Hutchins administration emphasized breadth rather than depth, its effects were significant and permanent.However, it is as a Stendhal scholar that Vigneron isbest described. His papers on Stendhal — to consideronly this aspect of his work — are sharply argued, brilliantly developed from original materials originallyinterpreted. His characteristic style is a model of scholarly French. He demanded similar results — at least theserious attempt to achieve them — from students andcolleagues, and for those unable or unwilling to meetthe challenge, he was a hard master.Ail perfectionist, Vigneron perhaps published lessthan those who demanded less in the final product. Heoccasionally referred obliquely, in notes to his articles,to work in progress or to manuscripts ready for publication, but he never published anything of which thegenesis and proof were not complete and unassailable.Invariably others preempted his private reserves. Hiscontempt for this not uncommon practice was exquisite,his sense of injury extreme.All Vigneron's Stendhal papers aim at crucial solvableproblems of sources, chronology, or the genesis of thetext. Their minutiae repel the casual reader, their classical approach chills advocates of new criticism. In printand in person, the great Stendhal editor, HenriMartineau — himself far from immune to the barbs ofVigneron's pen — acknowledged his debt to the Chicagophilologist's work.Stendhal is differently read at different epochs, bydifferent souls. We are all his children, each finds in himreflections and self discoveries which surpass the levelof amusement. Both as models and as inestimably valuable particular contributions to understanding Stendhal's texts and aesthetic framework, Vigneron's publica-12tions are crucial tools for each generation of students,scholars, and readers.Like Stendhal, Vigneron was a lonely, misunderstoodman, secretive by delight and design. Behind a mask ofhardness, distance, and often a certain pointed and precise malice, he was tender, profoundly sensitive, withdeep loyalty, respect for goodness in others, and an imperious need to be loved and appreciated. He expectedthat unswerving fidelity from others which he himselfgave, as he expected the same standard of professionalexcellence. A stranger to the politics of American university life, he often saw its machinations as personalaffronts, failures of the ferocious loyalty and integrity hetreasured and practiced. Irresistibly, Vigneron suggestsAbbe Pirard in Stendhal's Scarlet and Black. Like Pirard,Vigneron was rigid and austere, but deeply sentimentalbeneath a formal, difficult exterior. Like Pirard, he celebrated excellence in students by heaping obstacles ontheir paths rather than smoothing them. Like Pirard, hewas extravagantly loved and just as extravagantly hatedby those close to him.Vigneron's interests were deep, if narrow: Beyle, Balzac, a few ancillary excursions into other nineteenthcentury authors, and Proust. These were his world; hehad no interest in, perhaps felt contempt for, much oflater French literature. He read, used, and studied textsand editions; he read commentaries about texts largelyto criticize and evaluate them against his own work,profoundly rooted in the solidity of original documents.He was immensely well read, a sound Latinist and fluentreader of Italian and German. His originality lay in freshdecipherment of texts, the discovery of new, revealingjuxtapositions of material, and syntheses of minute,finely brushed detail. Such results are easy to imitateand use but difficult to produce: Vigneron was magnificently jealous of his ability to produce them. His sensitivity to the proprietorship of his legitimate creationswas legendary, more characteristic of artist than scholar.His was almost the only material in Modern Philologyseparately copyrighted under his own name.His lively, taut French avoids the flat language ofscholarship with studied perfection. One hears the professor, often whimsical, piercing in his wit, profoundlyrespectful of the art he interprets, enjoying it withhealthy, contagious epicurean appreciation, here andthere punctuated by a serious, somber tenderness forthe emotional tension and pathos of the texts.V igneron lived with typically bourgeois French frugality, carried in later years to extremes which emphasized for his few friends the pathos of his decline. Thesolitude, secrecy, and suspicion which had always characterized him grew dominant. He allowed the effectof past frustrations, slights, quarrels, and differences toassume an importance they did not deserve. A systematic testamentary order for destruction of his accumulated books, papers, and manuscripts was a reflection ofthese feelings. He apparently envisioned a vast posthumous revenge.In spite of failing health and too sedentary an existence, he worked faithfully on various projects until hisvery last days. His most recent large article in ModernPhilology dated from 1963; in 1968 he published alavishly detailed critique of a major interpretive bookon Proust. After his death in 1975, according to hisinstructions, his ashes were returned to France.The possible loss of a huge work on Proust nearingcompletion is an example of posthumous murkiness.There is disagreement on how nearly ready it was, or ifindeed it existed at all, and Vigneron before his deathmay have scattered or destroyed some of the material.The loss of Stendhal materials is less clear. In 1963Vigneron spoke of a virtually completed book on DeI'Amour, written in 1936-37, which he planned to publish "very soon." Some hold the book was a dream in1963 as in 1937, a territory zealously defended for anindefinite future; yet, Armand Caraccio seems obliquelyto refer to it in an article in 1944 as a project of substance. No manuscript was known among Vigneron'sassociates at Chicago, or found among his papers to beburned.We must assume that the materials for at least fourother projects were at hand even if final syntheses hadnot been made of any of them. The genesis of Vigneron's publications was long and very slow. Admittedlywe have few concrete ideas of this genesis. The loss ofVigneron's materials, however finely fragmented, mustnevertheless be profoundly regretted. The notes andincomplete commentaries of a lucid and incisive mindmay be as valuable and influential as a complete work.Despite his isolation, there would have been respectfuland sympathetic hands to present his unpublished legacy to the world of Romance scholarship. That he didnot feel this assurance, seems today inexpressibly sad.—David P. Backus, DB' 65J. D. Hess, AB'37, is a professor of foreign languages andhumanities at Los Angeles Pierce College. He received hismaster's degree from the University of California at LosAngeles in 1939 and his doctor of philosophy degree from theUniversity of Southern California in 1956.David Backus, DB'65, is an expert in French — the languageand the texts, new, old, and rare. Based in Madison, Wisconsin, he is a teacher and a translator and spends severalmonths each year in France.13¦ '-"¦ . '¦>--. ¦ :¦¦¦¦ -¦•>::_.About ten months, ago, Mrs. Kathryn Ann iBeck wrote and 'askedif we might not use a larger type size-the news was too small forolder eyes to read. By way of fulfilling her request and sugjj*"*up the events of this academic year, we presentAcademic Year in Review, \ ,^ .Va\ I YEAR IN REVIEW'S14SEPTEMBEREnrollment figures for 1977-78 are announced:there are approximately 2,450 undergraduates ina total campus population of approximately7,850 students. The figures represent an increaseof about forty undergraduates over the previoustwo academic years and an increase in totalpopulation of fifty students over last year.The Oriental Institute and Field Museum sponsored "Treasures of Tutankhamun" exhibit ends.It is the first visit of the ancient Egyptian treasuresto the United States. During the course of theexhibit in Chicago more than a million visitorsviewed the collection.Student residence in the Shoreland Hotel increases by more than seventy-five over last year.Approximately five hundred and ten students livein the Shoreland occupying six undergraduate"houses" and two for graduate students — makingit the largest dormitory complex at the University.Meanwhile, forty long-time permanent residentscontinue to live in the building.In their opening football game of the season, theMaroons defeat Loras College 55-22.The Oriental Institute opens its new permanent"Mesopotamia" exhibit. "I increased the size ofNineveh, my royal city. I widened its squares andlet light into its alleys and streets, and made themas bright as day. . . . Not one of the kings beforeme . . . had thought to widen the area of the city,to build a wall, to lay out streets, or dig a canaland set out trees; Above and below the city I laidout gardens." — Sennacherib, King of Assyria, 7thCentury bc.15The Law School, founded in 1902, celebrates its75th Anniversary in week-long festivities.OCTOBERHis Royal Highness, Prince Charles, Prince ofWales, visits the campus in a tumult of flags, bellpeals, trailing students, and television cameras. Afew demonstrators appeared; said the Prince,"What is a university without a reasoned body ofprotest."Provost D. Gale Johnson, in an issue of the Maroon, speculates that the bill extending the mandatory retirement age to seventy could seriouslyrestrict the University's ability to hire new facultymembers.Lawrence A. Kimpton, former chancellor of theUniversity from 1951 to 1960 and wartime chiefadministrator of the Manhattan Project, dies inFlorida after a long illness. He had succeededRobert Maynard Hutchins as chancellor of theUniversity and was the last person to be calledchancellor.University faculty members contributed thegreatest number of articles to the journal of Finance from 1966 to 1975.NOVEMBERThe Henry Crown Field House is officially dedicated. Ribbon cutting ceremonies are attendedby enthusiastic students, faculty, staff, trustees,and alumni. The new facility extends athletic ac-tivity space on campus by 57,000 square feet.The new floor (built eighteen feet above the oldclay floor), supports a 200-meter oval track, twovarsity basketball courts, and two additionalcourts used for basketball, volleyball, and tennis.Former President of the U.S. Gerald Ford makes asurprise visit to the Law School. As a guest of hisformer attorney general Edward H. Levi, president emeritus of the University, he lunches atBurton-Judson Court and takes over two lawclasses. Ford opens the sessions to general questions and participants later say they thought Fordhad enjoyed the exchange as much as they had.Said one, "He answered questions forthrightlyand honestly."The Surgery-Brain Research Pavilion is dedicated. The $21.5 million dollar pavilion includes the Margaret Hoover Fay and William E.Fay, Jr., Brain Research Institute and the ClarenceC. Reed Center. The dedication is part of the activities marking the fiftieth anniversary of theUniversity's Medical Center.In a Maroon survey, twenty-two professors areasked their opinions of the University's investments in companies doing business in SouthAfrica. Responses are mixed, ranging from lack ofinformation to dismay.Doc Films and Contemporary European Films(CEF) announce their merger. Citing increasedcompetition and a drop in the number of availablenew profitable films as reasons for the arrangement, the group will again be called Doc Films.In his annual budget message, Provost D. GaleJohnson says the University has a balancedbudget again this year.DECEMBERThe University and Michael Reese Hospital andMedical Center announce a new affiliationagreement which creates stronger institutionalties in medical education, research, and patientcare. Michael Reese becomes "the principal general hospital affiliate" of the Biological SciencesDivision and the medical school at the University.Business executives should meet stress head oninstead of avoiding it through meditation ormind-over-body exercises dictated by biofeedback. This suggestion comes from SuzanneKobasa and Salvatore Maddi, members of theDepartment of Behavioral Sciences, who agreethat the idea runs counter to the popular trendtoward stress avoidance. However, they reasonthat stress on the job and in life in general isinevitable. As for meditation and biotherapy, "Itinterrupts the work day and encourages passivity,not the aggressive tackling of a problem."Hanna Holborn Gray, acting president of YaleUniversity, is elected President of The Universityof Chicago. She becomes the tenth chief executive of the University. Said Robert W. Reneker,chairman of the Board of Trustees, "... we wereaware that our choice would be crucial not onlyfor this University but for learning in this country.We looked for the best. We are confident wehave found her."JANUARYUniversity faculty and staff are urged to turndown their office and building thermostats to cutheating costs. Another cold winter, officialsspeculate, could cost the University as much as$160,000 above its $8 million energy budget for1977-78.Professor Patrick Palmer's search for intelligentlife in the universe enters a new phase. Usingradio telescopes, the project named "Ozma II"involves scanning the frequency associated withthe 21 -centimeter radiation wave length of interstellar hydrogen, the most abundant element inthe universe. Palmer and his associates are nowsorting through their data for any evidence of attempted communication.About two hundred and fifty students sleep in IdaNoyes Hall in order to be first in line to borrow"Art to Live With." Works of art by Picasso,Chagall, Roualt, Kahn, and Ernst are available tostudents, faculty, and staff who need only pay asmall insurance fee to spend a year with theirfavorite painting or lithograph. Leo Maulen, firstin line, explains that before "I never got the painting I wanted. It was always snatched before myvery eyes."A large knitwear corporation requests permissionto use University of Chicago athletes (male) toadvertise its products. The men's athletic department accepts on behalf of its new Field House anddeclines on behalf of its athletes.The United States Steel Foundation of Pittsburghgives $250,000 to the University as a contribution to Phase II of the Campaign for Chicago.The University's Graduate School of Business istied with Harvard Business School for secondplace behind Stanford University's businessschool. This, according to a survey by MBA Magazine. Eighty-five deans of business schoolsthroughout the nation participated.The Illinois Film Office reports to the ChicagoDaily News that Robert Redford will film a portion of "A Place to Come To" on the Universitycampus and in Hyde Park. Shooting is said to bescheduled for November.To the day, January 26, the blizzard of 1967 isreplayed as twelve inches of drifting and blowingsnow close the city. The University remains open,however, the students and faculty ski to class andto the library. Says Provost D. Gale Johnson,"We're tougher out here."FEBRUARYTuition increases are announced:$4,095 for undergraduates;$4,305 for graduate students;$4,245 for graduate students in divinity, libraryscience, social service administration, andpublic policy schools;$4,380 for medical students;$4,800 for law students;$4,875 for business students.University of Chicago tuition remains lower thantuition at ten other major private universities.The new director of the Enrico Fermi Institute isPeter Meyer, professor in the Institute, the Department of Physics and in the College. He succeeds John A. Simpson, the Arthur Holly Comp-ton Distinguished Service Professor in Physics,the Fermi Institute and in the College, who hadserved as director since 1973.Doc Films, described by the Chicago Tribune as"the granddaddy of film societies," celebrates itsforty-seventh birthday.The Maroon notes that Harvard University is debating an overhaul of its undergraduate curriculum which would institute core courses andstricter requirements similar to those at The University of Chicago.MARCHThe young, women, and those of lower economicstatus are plagued most severely by life strainswhich lead to emotional distress, reports MortonA. Lieberman, a University behavioral scientist.He suggests that once individuals are madeaware of the pattern, they can better preparethemselves to cope both with changes in life-cycles and with problems which do not comeand go but exist on a day-to-day basis.The Exxon Education Foundation awards theUniversity an $84,600 grant to encouragewomen over the age of thirty to become lawyers.The Law School plans to recruit two first-yearstudents, each of whom will be awarded a full-tuition scholarship and about $3,300 to coverexpenses such as child care and commuting.Both the genus Homo and the genus Australopithecus may well have roamed the earth atthe same time, as much as four million years ago.This hypothesis, held by Dr. Charles Oxnard, wasrecently confirmed by discoveries in Africa. For atime, Dr. Oxnards's hypothesis was considered aheretical view.Peter Piccione, a graduate student, reconstructssenet — an ancient Egyptian game played byTutankhamun symbolizing the soul's journeythrough the underworld. It is big news on theNBC and ABC networks.APRILAccording to figures compiled by the Registrar'sOffice, biological science remains the most popular field of concentration. Economics is the second most popular, English is the third, and political science is the fourth. One college advisorspeculates that the sudden rise in the popularityof economics may have been spurred by MiltonFriedman's 1976 Nobel Prize.The preliminary results of The Linguistic Atlas ofthe United States are available on microfilm. TheAtlas, a map of the dialects spoken in the U.S.,will include several volumes of supplementarymaterials such as studies of vocabulary, grammar,settlement history, and pronunciation. The work,organized by Professor Raven I. McDavid, consists of over 50,000 pages of transcribed interviews.The Office of Radio and Television of the University observes the fifteenth anniversary of the University's radio program, "From the Midway," andthe tenth anniversary of "Conversations atChicago." "From the Midway" is broadcast oneighty stations in the United States; "Conversations" on over one hundred-twenty radiostations and the Voice of America.Comedienne Joan Rivers previews part of her firstfilm, "Rabbit Test," at the University. She laterreported to film critic Roger Ebert, "It was the firstcampus where absolutely nobody asked for anautograph."MAYIn a long New York Times Book Review article,Israel Shenker described the University's ongoingwork on the Assyrian, Hittite, Demotic, andOromo Dictionaries. "If the Chicago AssyrianDictionary staff seeks . . . consolation, Professor(Erica) Reiner, whose linguistic legerdemain extends back to her native Budapest, offers it: 'Hungarian is much more difficult.' "The Maroon quotes Court Theatre Director D.Nicholas Rudall as saying groundbreaking for thenew theatre might take place "by the end of thesummer." But the paper notes that Trustee Marian Lloyd, chairman of the committee for theatrefund raising says, "We'd like to have another million in pledges before we go ahead with construction."Nonverbal communication is too important forsocial well-being to be left in the hands ofnovelists or misdirected scholars, says StarkeyDuncan, Jr. Duncan, an associate professor in thebehavioral sciences, is attempting to establish a"grammar" of nonverbal communication. Onesuch gesture may be circling the index finger nearone's temple to denote "crazy."Director of College Admissions Fred Brooks saysthat applications to the College are up twenty-two percent — over 2,700 applications are received, the largest number since the late 1940s.Dean Lorna Straus points out that about seventypercent of the prospective students who visit thecampus accept the University's offer of admission, and only about fifty percent of all applicantsoffered admission actually enroll.JUNEThe Campaign for Chicago concludes; $168.5million was raised toward the original goal of$280 million.JuxtapositionThe one hundred and fifty-fourth convocation is now a matter of history. Indeed, a very momentous matter of history. For the one hundred and fifty-fourth convocation was the first to beheld in the new Chapel. In addition itmarked the introduction of a new typeof diploma. No longer can one use thelarge Latin inscribed sheepskin for atable cloth, for it has been reduced andanglicized so that it fits neatly into whatappears to be a cabinet photograph. Butthe convocation itself was sufficientlymajestic to make the nineteenth ofMarch, the year of our Lord, onethousand, nine hundred, and twenty-nine, a noteworthy day in University history. The University Marshal, duly impressed with the grandeur of the occasion, conducted the services with all thepomp and ceremony conceivable, andHead Marshal Whitney bore his goldbaton with all the self-conscious pride ofan acolyte bearing the archbishop'smitre. Frank J. Loesch, veteran crimefighter, delivered the convocation address on the subject of Mr. Al Caponeand his henchmen.A sublime occasion.The University of Chicago Magazine,1929.Slow: President-CrossingIt is suggested that the signals reading"School — Slow Down" which now warnthe heedless motorists on the streets anddriveways in the University area bealtered to read "Don't Kill a CollegePresident — Please." This statistician andthe amiable alumni-man, Mr. CharltonBeck, in their odder moments, recentlycompiled a list of former students of theUniversity who are now college presidents. That list now shows the staggering total of one hundred ten, more thanhalf the names being tagged withChicago degrees. If the ratio still holdsthen at least one dozen future college presidents now tread the academic precincts as students, all unknowing.The University of Chicago Record, 1929-I'm Okay, You're OkayThere is no relation between neuroticpersonality and either intelligence orscholarship, personality tests of nearlyseven hundred freshmen at the University indicate. Those freshmen classifiedas neurotic on the basis of their answersto a questionaire, have proved to be, onthe average, better students than theirwell-adjusted mates. An explanation advanced for this superiority is that theneurotic student has fewer social distractions, and therefore concentrates onscholastic achievement. The study, madelast fall under the direction of ProfessorL.L. Thurstone, suggests that the fundamental characteristic of neurotic personality is an imagination which fails toexpress itself effectively as external social reality.The University of Chicago Magazine,1930.Scholastica DementiaOn the course between the first and second story of the Midway side of the Social Science building, there is carved instone: When you can not measure — yourknowledge is meagre and unsatisfactory —Lord Kelvin. On the other side of thecampus, the mathematical sciences havealso been given a new building. But Eckhart hall is bare of any such aphorism.Our only explanation of this is that thefellow who made the carving on the Social Science building accidently mistookit for Eckhart hall.The Phoenix, February 7, 1931.Making It ClearThe passion for exactitude and organization is going to lead this University astray some day. They felt that education should be organized. Came syllabi.We've seen the freshmen staggeringunder their loads. Each syllabus strivesfor exactness. There is no ambiguity, nopossibility of misunderstanding, on anypage of any syllabus. All is flooded withthe clear light of simplicity. And lo! thesyllabus of the biological sciences leadsall the rest. There, on page one hundredand twenty-nine (if we remember correctly), the eager freshman is informedthat "In order to study a dead microbe,you must first kill the microbe."The Phoenix, September 6, 1932.Some Outside HelpIn a good democracy, every citizen isencouraged to develop one or moretheories about running the nation. Noless widely democratic, ProfessorCompton's recent fan mail would indicate, is the proclivity to concoctamateur solutions for abstruse scientificproblems. Since his debate with Dr. Mil-likan at Christmas about the nature andorigin of cosmic rays, Professor Comp-ton has received more than onehundred suggestions from helpful soulswho do not mind unilateral correspondence."I have just read in the paper aboutDr. Millikan being angry with you andfires back because you know more thanhe does," one correspondent observes."If Dr. Millikan and the rest of the wisemen of the United States do not stoptraveling all over the country and climbing to Pike's Peak where they made observations at varying altitudes from14,000 feet down to the mountain'sbase — I certainly pause at such foolishness, because a fool knows that thealtitude all over the world is absolutelydifferent in different sections of the universe."Another submits a document entitled"Universal Hypothesis of Natural Science" preceded by a Memoir — "May thispeerless work become a memorial for allthose immortal scholars who have madeit possible to establish this embellisheddoctrine."Most literary is the contributor whoseeyes have become x-rayed throughmuch staring at the heavens and who reports having seen cosmic rays emergingfrom the sun, as well as figures resembling "immense men of war-ships and fireengines and golden aeroplanes and serpents and eels with cream colour belliesThe University of Chicago Magazine,1933.24X SPECIAL OFFER TO ALUMNIY 10% Discount on Faculty Publications fromy The University of Chicago PressX 8862v2XX\/ 46393-1XXY 28875-7Xy<M> 90128-9XXy<>» 31107-4XXY00 87397-8XX THE VALUE OF THE INDIVIDUALSelf and Circumstance in AutobiographyKarl Joachim WeintraubWeintraub traces the emergence of the concept of individuality by analyzing a wealth of autobiographic writing from Augustine to CoetheCloth xx, 440 pages $24.00WATERGATE AND THE CONSTITUTIONPhilip B. Kurland"Kurland presents with his usual eloquence the constitutional implications of the Watergate tragedy,and makes it obvious that tragedies of this nature are likely to recur in the future if the men entrustedby the people with governmental and political power do not adhere with fidelity to the precepts of ourConstitution." — Sam I Ervin, JrCloth x, 256 pages $12.50REASON AND MORALITYAlan GewirthCewirth shows how moral judgments and principles can be given a rigorously rational justification thatwill let us objectively distinguish morally right actions and institutions from morally wrong onesCloth 416 pages $20.00THE DECLINING SIGNIFICANCE OF RACEBlacks and Changing American InstitutionsWilliam Julius WilsonAn important overview of the complex interaction of class and race and the structural changes in theAmerican economy which increasingly separate educated blacks from the impoverished black underclass.Cloth 216 pages $12.50PROTESTANT AND ROMAN CATHOLIC ETHICSProspects for RapprochementJames M. Gustaf sonCustafson undertakes a cogent investigation of the philosophical and theological underpinnings of twoethical doctrines to observe the possibility of developing a truly ecumenical Christian ethicsCloth 208 pages $12.50TOLSTOY'S MAJOR FICTIONEdward WasiolekIn this rich, authoritative work, Wasiolek illuminates the central vision that traverses Tolstoy's fictiveworld from Childhood to Resurrection, and discusses Tolstoy's questioning and ultimate withdrawalfrom it in his later fictionCloth 272 pages $12.00XXXXXX Please send me the books checked above at 1 0% of f I ist price. Iunderstand that if for any reason I am not completely satisfied, theymay be returned within ten days for a full refund or cancellation ofcharges.List price total Less 10% Sales tax (in III.) Total To: The University of Chicago Press11030 S. Langley AvenueChicago, Illinois 60628NAME.ADDRESSI enclose payment. Publishers pays postage.anywhere in the world. (Add 5% sales tax for orderssent to Illinois addresses.)Please bill me. CITY. .STATE. -ZIP.AD 040725POSTCARDFROMOLYMPUSTwo Receive Quantrell AwardsHerbert C. Friedmann and Melvyn J.Shochet are recipients of the 1978Llewellyn John and Harriet ManchesterQuantrell Awards for Excellence inUndergraduate Teaching.Herbert C. Friedmann is associateprofessor in the Department ofBiochemistry and in the College. His research is centered on vitamin B12 and onthe enzyme system involved in thebiosynthesis of vitamin B12. The Department of Health, Education, andWelfare recently awarded the Universitya grant for these studies. Friedmann isprincipal investigator.Melvyn J. Shochet is associate professor in the Department of Physics, theEnrico Fermi Institute, and in the College. An experimental elementary particle physicist, he is investigating thestructure of elementary particles, such asmuons, which are thought to be made ofquarks. His work, much of which is atthe Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, will be furthered by anewly constructed particle-detectingmagnet which uses the most powerfulpion beam ever created.The teaching awards were establishedin 1938, anonymously, by Ernest E.Quantrell, x'05, alumnus and trustee.His endowment fund provided annual51,000 prizes. In 1952, he added to thefund and later consented to the formalnaming of the awards, in honor of hisparents. In recent years the prize hasbeen increased to $2,500.While at the University, Ernest Quantrell was a member of the Order of theC, of Owl & Serpent, president of Reynolds Club, class treasurer, and amember of Phi Delta Theta fraternity.He died in 1962.Coming AttractionPresident Hanna Holborn Gray is inresidence at the University. The nextissue of the Magazine will be the inauguration issue, focusing on that eventwhich is scheduled for October 6.Farewell and Hail to Mr. WilsonJohn T. Wilson will teach a graduateseminar on the relationship between thefederal government and higher education in the Department of Educationwhere he is a professor. Mr. Wilson retired as ninth president of The University of Chicago at the end of June.At the faculty reception for Mr. andMrs. Wilson in May, Karl Weintraub,dean of the Division of the Humanities,said, "We . . . find ourselves in a state ofmixed emotions. With joyous gratitudewe release him from the burden of servitude imposed upon him, while on theinside we may weep a bit and may quarrel with the inexorable advance of timethat takes from us a man who put us atease so that we entrusted him with ourcares."Before coming to the University in1961 as a special assistant to then President George Beadle, Wilson had been atthe National Science Foundation (NSF).He was program director for psychology, then assistant director for NSF'sbiological and medical sciences division.In 1963 he returned to the NSF as deputy director and in 1967 the organization presented him with the first distinguished service award for leadershipin the foundation's development. In1968, he came back to the University asvice president and dean of the faculties.He was made provost the followingyear.When President Edward H. Levibecame Attorney General of the UnitedStates in February 1975, Mr. Wilson became acting president. Later that year hewas elected president.Said Dean Weintraub, ". . . He hasplugged the leaks that threatened todrain our resources, he has balanced thebudget, and he has turned a special campaign, that was hardly attuned to a national economic malaise, into a usablebasis of strength for future solicitations.He has reduced the size of the facultywithout causing us the trauma that hitother universities. He especially hashelped us to maintain that precious ingredient of an alive university, ouryounger faculty. At a time when newbuildings can be more of a headachethan a help, he has shown us a way to useour existing plant more fully to our advantage."Mr. Wilson has said that one of hismost satisfying achievements was the refurbishing of the fieldhouse, now theHenry Crown Field House. Ann Wilson's interest in student life is recognizedin the creation by the trustees of the AnnC. Wilson Scholarship in the College.They will be awarded to enteringwomen undergraduates who have outstanding academic records and havemade "significant contributions to theirschools in athletics or recreationalsports."The faculty reception for the Wilsons included remarks by Philip Kurland, the William R. Kenan, Jr. Distinguished Service Professor in the LawSchool and in the College; a presentation of an 18th century silver tea caddyand an antique tankard and severallight-hearted songs created for the occasion by Robert Ashenhurst, professor inthe Graduate School of Business, mar-shall of the University, and director ofthe Institute for Computer Research.Before the traditional melody of the"John Wilson 'No' Song," ("Let's try improving Billings billing/ And at least increase cash flow") an enthusiastic quartetsang the "John Wilson Swim Song," withthe rhythmic refrain:Get out and swim, swim, swim,Keep the old apparatus in trim —Cheek by jowl with the student,professor and Dean,Such a pooling of talent has neverbeen seen —26The barbershop quartet provides a rollicking "John T . Wilson Swim Song." At theleft are honored guests Ann and John Wilson.(As later counterpoint to this ditty,early in June the Board of Trustees presented Mr. Wilson with a proclamationwhich read: "Having learned from bothArchimedes and the ninth President ofthe University that wisdom flourisheswhen the appropriate body is immersedin a vessel containing water, The Trustees of The University of Chicago donow in solemn conclave assembled declare and decree that the privileges ofthe University's natatoria are freely andforever accorded to John T. Wilson.")Both the Order of the "C" and theWomen's Athletic Association (WAA)have honored the Wilsons. The Order ofthe "C" established the John T. WilsonAward to be presented annually to theperson who provides the most outstanding contribution to campus athletics. Mr.Wilson was the first recipient. At theWAA banquet, Mrs. Wilson was presented with the traditional graduatingsenior's "C" blanket with a star for eachsport.Said Dean Weintraub in his facultyreception address, "Both of you havebecome a precious presence in ourmidst. We are delighted that this precious presence will remain in our midst."ALUMNI NEWSCarl Sagan ReturnsThe excited murmur of conversationcould be heard on the sidewalk, outside.Hundreds of students — the audience totaled nearly a thousand — waited for the8:30 PM Woodward Court Lecture:"The Exploration of Mars." Thespeaker? Carl Sagan, ab'54, sb'55,SM'56, PhD'60, scientist, author, andexobiologist. He has wittily taught a nation that science is exciting and demonstrated by sending a picture of thehuman image out of the solar system onboard the Pioneer space probes as a sortof galactic "hello."So the students were excited. Sagan isnot Star Wars' Luke Skywalker, but heunderstands. And his interests in thesesubjects developed here, at The University of Chicago. "Nostalgia-rich" washow he described his visit.At a podium bisecting a space joiningaudiences in two separate rooms, Saganadmitted to vague feelings of "split-brain," noting, "I might seem more intuitive to the audience on my left butmore rational to the audience on myright."Equipped with startling color slides,Sagan chatted easily about the first viewsof the red planet and referred to the beginnings of modern Mars study whichhad been assisted by Yerkes Observatory photos in the 1890s. The turn-of-the-century canal debate, he explained,was touched off by an astronomernamed Percival Lowell. (A little sigh ofdelight came from pans of the audiencewhich had settled to listen.)"Lowell deduced a race of beingsenamoured of hydraulic engineering. . ." and off went the audience into theGreat Rift Valley, into the creation of"Mars Jars," and the first studies of theplanet's craters.The best kinds of travelogues are of places where one can almost never hopeto go. While most of Sagan's WoodwardCourt audience is young enough toallow them first passage on a future Marsfly-by, there are excellent reasons forthem never to set foot upon the RedPlanet. The summer noontime temperature is comfortable, but it drops onehundred and fifty degrees Farenheit before dawn. And, as Sagan pointed out,one's choice would be between freezingto death or asphyxiation in the planet'sthin CO2 atmosphere.Having provided the audience with amental grip on Mars' surly conditions,Sagan described the Mariner probe, scientific hopes for soil analysis, and forbacterial life forms. ("What do bacterialike to eat? Well, the combination comesto a kind of chicken soup.")Since the physical functions of theprobe were examined in the glare of theinternational press, Sagan concentratedon the subtler implications of such exploration: the enormous defense budgetcompared to the modest moniesallocated to planetary study; the benefitsof sampling the "instances of alternatefates of worlds — -predictability becomesmore likely." And of course, he demonstrated the richness of information generated by human curiosity: "Considerthe landslides in the Great Rift Valley. . ." "Consider the problems of landingfor the first time on Mars . . ."The question session was long and urgent. The kinds of trapped water, thepermafrost layering at the poles, thegeological history, and always, the standard lay question: Why do we do this?What good does it do us? "Historyshows us," said Sagan, "that the timeswhen humankind reaches out beyond itsnarrow confines correlate with the timesof high cultural achievement."Our last glimpse was of Sagan lapped by an ocean of students. They werebrandishing copies of The Cosmic Connection, The Dragons of Eden, pictures ofplanets, posters of Mars, sketches of theMariner spacecraft, academic papers,magazine articles, napkins, notebookpaper — all for autographs."We are honored," said ProfessorIzaak Wirszup, who organized the lecture series, "at the return of Carl Saganto the University."More than that. We were enchanted.Alumni EventsATLANTA: On April 25, area alumni andfriends met at the Tower Palace Hotel tohear Richard G. Stern, professor in theDepartment of English, the College, andthe Committee on General Studies inthe Humanities, speak on Orpheus 306.Mrs. David C. White, SB'40, was thealumni coordinator.BLOOMINGTON, Illinois: On May 24,Roland Winston, SB'56, SM'57, PhD'63,professor in the Department of Physics,the Enrico Fermi Institute, and the College and the inventor of a solar-energycollector, talked about solar energy research being conducted at the University and the performance of an experimental solar heating system in a NewMexico Navajo reservation school. Stanley Heggen, MBA'48, was the alumnicoordinator.BUFFALO: On June 16, alumni gatheredat the Faculty Club on the University ofBuffalo campus to meet and hearKatherine Lee Keefe, curator of collections at the David and Alfred Smart Gallery. She spoke about the Gallery's exhibition programs and other art activitieson The University of Chicago campus.Jim Myers, JD'67, was the alumni coordinator.CHICAGO: On May 2, the GraduateSchool of Business (GBS) held anExecutive Program Club luncheon withD. Gale Johnson, provost of the University, who spoke on "The World FoodSituation: Recent Developments andProspects."The Law School at the University heldtheir annual dinner at the Hyatt Regency Hotel on May 4. Justice John PaulStevens, AB'4l, of the United States Supreme Court was the guest speaker.Richard N. Rosett, dean of theGraduate School of Business, presidedover an informational program on deferred giving on May 9 and May 19.The Medical Alumni Council meetingwas held at the Quadrangle Club on May17.28If you're moving, please give us advance notice so the Magazine can followyou, free of charge, to keep you posted on your classmates and campusnews.Just fill out this coupon, put it in an envelope, and mail to The University ofChicago Magazine, 5733 South University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois60637.If possible, please include the mailing label showing your old address.Name class New Street Address City . State Zip If the change involves a new employer, a new life style, or other such news,why not add a note of explanation for inclusion in the Class Notes.If you're moving, please give us advance notice so the Magazine can followyou, free of charge, to keep you posted on your classmates and campusnews.Just fill out this coupon, put it in an envelope, and mail to The University ofChicago Magazine, 5733 South University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois60637.If possible, please include the mailing label showing your old address.Name class New Street Address City . _State_ .Zip_If the change involves a new employer, a new life style, or other such news,why not add a note of explanation for inclusion in the Class Notes.Renewed friendships, memories,tours, dinners, and fireworks were allpart of Reunion 1978 on May 19-20.On June 1 the Graduate School ofBusiness Council held their 1978 Economic Forecast Review Dinner.The Medical School welcomed backtheir alumni on Medical Alumni Day,June 8.On June 9-10, the Alumni Association and the Alumni Schools Committeeheld four receptions for graduating students.The School for Social Service Administration (SSA) held its ReunionLuncheon for the classes of 1938through 1948 on June 15. Helen HarrisPerlman, professor emeritus, andHarold A. Richman, dean and professorin SSA, were the featured speakers.The Law School held a LoopLuncheon on June 29 featuring a paneldiscussion with Norval Morris, dean ofthe Law School, Richard Badger, assistant dean and dean of students at theLaw School, and Herbert Fried, directorof placement at the Law School. Theydiscussed "Going to Law School." OnJuly 15, the Loop Luncheon featuredSidney Davidson, the Arthur YoungProfessor in the Graduate School ofBusiness, discussing "The AccountantLooks At the Lawyer."The Executive Program Club at GBSheld its annual golf outing and reunionon July 2 1 .July 24-29, the Center for ContinuingEducation and the Alumni Associationinvited all alumni and their spouses andfriends to return to campus for AlumniCollege'78.CLEVELAND: On June 14, area alumniand guests were invited to spend an evening with Katherine Lee Keefe, curatorof collections at the David and AlfredSmart Gallery.MIAMI: Area alumni and incomingfreshman for 1978 were invited to thehome of architect Raoul Rodriguez for acombined alumni program-student parryon June 4. Brent Medinger, x'43, fromthe Regional Center for Tropical Me-terology and the Hurricane WarningCenter, Robert Hones, SM'60, hurricaneresearch scientist and meteorologist,Peter Black, SM'69, satellite hurricaneinterpretation scientist, and PatrickGannon, SM'6l, weather modificationresearcher, discussed, well . . . "TheWeather." Maxine Tanis, PhB'48, coordinated the program.NEW YORK: Area alumni were invited toan all-day program at the Loeb StudentCenter at New York University on May 6 for seminars investigating three areas:"Women: Changing Self-images in aChanging Society;" "Medical Ethics:Common Concern Between Medicineand the Humanities;" and "Communications: Effective Interaction."NORTHWEST INDIANA: On May 3, areaalumni and friends gathered at the RedLantern Restaurant in Beverly Shores tohear Leonard Binder, professor in theDepartment of Political Science, speakon "Obstacles to Peace in the MiddleEast." Mrs. Thomas Harmon, AM'44,was the alumni coordinator.SAINT LOUIS: Area alumni and friendsheard Richard G. Stern, professor in theDepartment of English, the College, andthe Committee on General Studies inthe Humanities, speak on Orpheus 306 atthe Clayton Inn on April 26. PatrickCostello, AB'70, MBA'73, coordinatedthe program.SAN FRANCISCO: Graduate School ofBusiness alumni and guests were invitedto hear Ezra Solomon, professor offinance at Stanford University, speak on"An Economic Outlook for Today and Tomorrow" on May 17.Bay area alumni and guests were invited to the 1978 Annual Dinner Meeting on June 2 3. Ralph Delehanty,AM'68, presented a slide lecture on"Victorian and Edwardian San FranciscoArchitecture." Cerna Hirsch, phB'32,coordinated the program.On July 26 the Graduate School ofBusiness presented Alan E. Rothenberg,MBA' 69, speaking on "Can Financial Institutions Survive in an Era of IncreasingRegulations?" at a luncheon meeting ofits alumni and guests.SPRINGFIELD, Illinois: On May 23 areaalumni met at the Sangamo Club to meetand hear Roland Winston, professor inthe Department of Physics, the EnricoFermi Institute, and the College, speakabout solar energy heating and recentresearch in that area. Alvin G. Becker,JD'62, was the alumni coordinator.WASHINGTON D.C.: On June 15, alumniand friends went to the Rosecroft racetrack to cheer on their favorite horseand dine at the Daily Double clubhouse.Shirley Mecklin, ab'42, was the alumnicoordinator for the event.29Alumni Honored for Leadership,ServiceEighteen alumni were honored by theAlumni Association of The Universityof Chicago during Reunion '78.The Professional AchievementAwards, the Alumni Citations, and theAlumni Medal are awarded annually forprofessional attainment, leadership incommunity service, and extraordinaryservice to society. This year, the AlumniMedal, which is the highest award madeby the Association, was awarded to bothLuis W. Alvarez, SB'32, SM'34, PhD'36,and to Benjamin E. Mays, AM'25,PhD'35.Luis Alvarez is a physicist associatedwith the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratoryat the University of California. His workhas ranged from determining the magnetic properties of the neutron and thediscovery of tritium through revolutionizing ways of measuring bubblechamber measurements of sub-atomicparticles. Because of this and associateddiscoveries, he was awarded the 1968Nobel Prize in physics.Benjamin E. Mays is an educator, administrator, and religious and socialleader. He was dean of Howard University's School of Religion and fortwenty-seven years was president ofMorehouse College, which became thenation's third Negro college to begranted a Phi Beta Kappa charter. Hehas served on national, White House,and United Nations committees dealingwith children and youth, education, andthe Peace Corps. He initiated the HenryB. Wright Lecture Series at Yale University Divinity School and is one of thefounders of the United Negro CollegeFund. He is president of the AtlantaBoard of Education.Eleven alumni were recognized forachievements within their professions.They were Leonidas H. Berry, SB'25,MD'30; David S. Broder, AB'47, am'51;Faith Clark, SM'34, PhD'52; Frank B.Colton, phD'50; Janet Flanner, x'14;Robert A. Hall, Jr., am' 35; Paul Hume,x'37; James William Moore, JD'34; William V. Morgenstern, PhB'20, JD'22;Studs Terkel, PhB'32, JD'34; and GeraldJos. Wasserburg, SB'51, SM'52, phD'54.Leonidas H. Berry is the former president of the National Medical Association and is a specialist in gastroenterology and endoscopy. Though he has donesignificant voluntary work treatingalcoholism and drug addiction, he is bestknown as a pioneer in modern gastros-copy and as inventor of a widely usedgastrobiopsy instrument.David S. Broder has been, since 1966,a political commentator for the Wash-ington Post. Journalist, author, he hascovered every national campaign andconvention since 1956. His twice-weekly column appears in more thantwo hundred newspapers, and in 1973he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize fordistinguished commentary.Faith Clark, a food economist, servedfor over ten years as director of theConsumer and Food Economics Research Division of the Agricultural Research Service, USDA. She has been responsible for improving the dietarywelfare of the consumer through herleadership of national programs of foodeconomics research.Frank B. Colton is research advisor toG.D. Searle Laboratories, its top scientific position. An organic chemist, Col-ton's work on chemical compoundswhich would suppress ovulation resultedin Enovid, the oral contraceptive.Through his other research efforts,Nilevar, the first clinically usefulanabolic agent, was developed in 1956for use by persons exhibiting deficiencies in protein synthesis.Janet Flanner was, until recently, Pariscorrespondent for the New Yorker underthe pen name "Genet." Since 1925 sheinterpreted French life and the largerEuropean scene to her native America.These hundreds of articles have subsequently reappeared in hardbound editions; Paris Journal 1944-1965, one ofthese compilations, was the winner ofthe 1966 National Book Award. Shewas given the French Legion of Honorin 1947 by the French government.Robert A. Hall, Jr, is professoremeritus in the Department of ModernLanguages and Linguistics at CornellUniversity. Scholar, teacher, and linguist, his contributions have contributedto his three special fields of Romancephilology, pidgin, and Creole languages.He was the first linguist to write a structural grammar of Italian and the first tostructurally analyze Hungarian andFrench. His four-volumne Bibliografiadella linguistica italiana is a standardwork.Paul Hume is the music editor of theWashington Post. He has taught atGeorgetown and Yale Universities andhas served as commentator at the Metropolitan Opera and the New YorkPhilharmonic broadcasts. He conductsorchestras and choruses and has appeared as a professional singer. His publications include acclaimed biographiesof composers.James William Moore is Sterling Professor of Law at Yale University LawSchool. He is best known for Moore'sFederal Practices, a multi-volumned From the top: Robert A. Hall, Jr.; JamesWilliam Moore and Studs Terkel; andGerald Jos. Wasserburg with alumni director David R. Leonetti and alumni presidentCharles W. Boand.31treatise generally regarded as one of themost important contributions to adjective law of this century. He has servedthe federal courts, the bar, and legalscholarship and is a prolific author in theareas of bankruptcy, reorganization, andprocedure.William V. Morgenstern was the University's Director of Publicity in 1927,Director of Public Relations in 1942,and secretary of the University in 1953.For the "Hutchins College" heestablished the University's first fieldstaff to explain to educators and studentsthe new elements of this form of undergraduate education. During red-scareand McCarthy eras, he devised strategiesfor confrontations with state and congressional committees investigatingalleged "communistic activities" in theUniversity.Studs Terkel is an author, actor, critic,lecturer, and broadcaster. His dailymorning program on WFMT-Chicago,which began in 1935, is one of thelongest-running shows in the history ofradio. His interviewing abilities grewinto Division Street: America, HardTimes, and his latest book Workingwhich has recently been adapted for thestage.Gerald Jos. Wasserburg is a geo-chronologist — a scientist working onproblems of radioactive dating. He wasable, as an advisor to NASA, to date theages of lunar samples and keep theApollo Program on a scientifically-administered basis. He was chairman ofthe National Academy Committee onPlanetary and Lunar Exploration and hasdeveloped a strategy for future solar system explorations. He is a professor ofgeology and geophysics at the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology.The Alumni Citations were awardedto Kenneth S. Axelson, SB'44; Harold E.Haydon, PhB'30, AM'31; Vivian CarterMason, PhB'21; Margaret Say re Ran-sone, AM'29; and Dorothy C. Stratton,AM'24. The citations honor creative citizenship and exemplary leadership incommunity service.Kenneth S. Axelson is senior vicepresident and director of finance andpublic affairs for J.C. Penney Company.The financial and communications systems he designed for that company arerecognized as models for the industry.Instrumental in averting New YorkCity's recent financial crisis, Axelson, asdeputy mayor for finance, supervisedthe preparation and part of the implementation of the City's Three-YearPlan and negotiated the program withthe federal government.Harold E. Haydon is professoremeritus of art and former director ofMidway Studios of the University. Since1945, when he joined the Chicago faculty, he has promoted art and art education at the University and in the city ofChicago. He brought internationallyknown artists to Midway Studios, supported the University's Renaissance Society, and acted as its president for overa decade. He has been art critic for theChicago Sun-Times since 1963.Vivian Carter Mason's work centerson equal education and civil liberties.She is founder of the Norfolk, VirginiaCommittee of One Hundred Womenand of its national parent organization.She also designed the Women's Interracial Council of Norfolk as well asanother group, Women for Political Action. She has helped to establish remedial learning centers and special musicand black history seminars. Mrs. Masonserved two terms (1954-57) as presidentof the National Council for NegroWomen.Margaret Sayre Ransone is a teacherin the Newport News, Virginia schoolsystem. After World War II she tutored pilots stationed at Langley Air ForceBase and instructed pilots' foreign-bornwives in English to enable them to become American citizens. The service hasexpanded into weekly classes for theforeign-born and illiterate. She continues, although officially retired, totutor children and adults who requirehelp.Dorothy C. Stratton was, from 1950to I960, the executive director of theGirl Scouts of the U.S.A. She has alwaysdirected and participated in volunteerconcerns; during World War II sheserved as director of the Coast GuardWomen's Reserve (SPARS), for whichcontribution she received the Legion ofMerit. She was the United Nations Representative of the International Federation of University Women from 1962through 1968; the major portion of hercommunity activities have taken placewithin the President's Committee onEmployment of the Handicapped.Students Honored during ReunionEleven students were honored during the Reunion luncheon and awards assembly. John Earl Moody, a juniormajoring in physics, received the Classof 1914 Scholar Award. The award ismade possible by The Class of 1914Undergraduate Student Loan Fund,which was converted to the scholarshipfund in 1973. John Moody was thesixty-forth recipient of the award, madeannually to a deserving student.Ten students were winners of theHowell Murray Awards. The awardswere established in honor of a distinguished alumnus and trustee to recognize outstanding achievement bygraduating students.Recipients were Nolan Scott Baer,New York City; Peter Charles Cohn,Washington, D.C.; Barry Evan Friedman, Rockville, Maryland; MichaelScott Giblin, Wheaton, Illinois; KarenLeah Heller, Washington, D.C.; MichaelC. Hoff, Bethesda, Maryland; DavidBigman Jaffe, West Bloomfield, Michigan; Paula Ruth Markovitz, Chicago;Jonathan W. Meyersohn, New YorkCity; and Meredith Mignon Stead, Oxford, Mississippi.Left: EarlLunde with 1914 Scholar, John Moody. Above, left to right: Winners ofthe Howell Murray Awards are Meredith Stead. Karen Heller, Nolan Baer, DavidJaffe, Paula Markovitz, Barry Friedman, Michael Giblin, and Michael Hoff. PeterCohn and Jonathan Meyersohn are not pictured.331978 REUNION:a celebrationof tradition& changehAfter checking in at the Alumni House, in an afternoonof campus tours, alumni visited in-session classes andmarveled at the exhibits at the David and Alfred SmartGallery. {Lower left) Alumni appreciate George Playe,professor in the Department of Romance Languages andLiteratures and in the College. He is also chairman of theCommittee on Disciplines in the Humanities. The eyessurrounding the fascinated alumnus (top center) are thoseof "John" painted by Chuck Close. Pop art fanciers willrecognize Andy Warhol's multi-Mao (lower right).Oriental Institute tours brought alumni to the University's collection of Near Eastern treasures. From left, Mesopotamian pottery and Assyrian artifacts were described.36Classes of '28, '33, '38, '43 and '48 gathered for reunion dinners. Members of the Emeritus Club will remember Anna ScottKlein and Earl Lunde of the Class of 1914 (upper right) . At theupper left are members of the Class of 1 943, lower left, theEmeritus Club, and lower right, the Class of 1948.37At the All Alumni Luncheon and Awards Assembly, some 291 personsgathered to see their fellow alumni honored. At upper right, PresidentJohn T. Wilson talks with two alumnae. Three generations of alumni areat lower right; reunion chairman of the Class of 1933, Natalie MerriamJohnson, PhB'33, and her mother, Mrs. Harriet Wilkes Merriam,PhB'08, and Mrs. Johnson's son, Keith Johnson, AB'58, AM'64.38Alumni with information or anecdotesabout Professor Paul Shorey's wife or.mother are asked to relay their information to:John F. Latimer, AM'263601 Connecticut Ave. N.W.Washington, D.C. 20008The information is needed for a biography of Paul Shorey, now underway.1902On May 10, Channel 11 of the PublicBroadcasting System in Chicago featured HEDWIG LOEB, phB'02. She described the early years of the Universityand talked about growing up in Chicago.The program will be released nationallyat a later date.1915The Los Angeles Times recently reportedthe fiftieth wedding anniversary of Dorisand JULES STEIN, PhB'15, MD'21.Known in the entertainment industry asfounder of MCA (Music Corporation ofAmerica) in 1924, he continues tounderwrite and promote ophthamologi-cal research.1922SAMUEL S. CAPLAN, phB'22, is presidentof Marvin Envelope and Paper Companyin Chicago. 1927JACK P. COWEN, SB'27, MD'32, gave alecture to the eye department at theUniversity of Santiago in Chile.1929JULIAN H. LEVI, PhB'29, was the co-winner of the 1977 Rockefeller PublicService Award in the area of revitaliza-tion of urban communities and neighborhoods. Levi is the executive directorof the South East Chicago Commisionand a professor of urban studies at theUniversity.1930HEWELL S. GINGRICH, PhD'30, professor emeritus of physics at the University of Missouri, received a distinguishedservice citation from the American Association of Physics Teachers in recognition of overall excellence in teaching andresearch. Gingrich was on the Missourifaculty from 1936 until his retirement in1973. Among his important discoverieswas the first determination of the paircorrelation function in liquids and thefirst observation of critical opalescence.1932NORMAN N. GILL, PhB'32, received anhonorary degree from Marquette University in May. He has been executivedirector of the Citizens GovernmentalResearch Bureau in Milwaukee since1945.1933HELEN COOK NEWMAN, x'33, was recently honored by the Goucher CollegeQuarterly as a distinguished alumna fromthe class of 1929. Following graduationfrom Goucher, she studied chemistry atCambridge University in England, German at Heidelberg University, andmedicine at the University of Munich.Mrs. Newman studied medicine at TheUniversity of Chicago and completedher degree at George Washington University. She was a lecturer and a researcher at the University and was theschool physician at its LaboratorySchool. Later, she was a physician for aretirement home and a psychiatrist for amental health center in Chicago.Through her work on the Citizen SchoolCommittee of the Chicago school system, Mrs. Newman helped to establish ahealth program for pupils in publicschools.1936ALBERT B. CONKEY, AB'36, a facultymember of the Chestnut Hill Academyin Philadelphia since 1940, retired inMay. To honor his teaching career, the Academy named its arts building theAlbert B. Conkey Performing Arts Center.JOHN S. COULSON, AB'36, has starteda new career with CommunicationsWorkshop Incorporated in Chicago. Hehas become a vice president and partnerwith the firm. Coulson recently retiredas vice president in charge of research atLeo Burnett U.S.A."Writing Poems to Sell," an article byDONNA DICKEY GUYER, AB'36, appeared in the September 1977 Writer'sDigest. In a recent newspaper interview,she said, "I don't see any point in puttingthings you've written in a drawer. Whenyou make a cake, you don't throw it inthe garbage." She is a winner of the LyricReynolds Award given by The Lyricpoetry journal.earl J. MCGRATH, PhD'36, director ofthe program in liberal studies at theUniversity of Arizona's Education Center, was named Honorary Chancellor ofFlorida Southern College in February.McGrath is the forty-fourth person to beelected to this honor since 1934 whenthe college began conferring the title onoutstanding leaders in various fields.1938EDGAR M. BRANCH, AM'38, researchprofessor in English at Miami Universityin Ohio, has been named recipient of a1979 Guggenheim Fellowship for a oneyear grant to work on his biography ofnovelist James T. Farrell. He has alreadypublished two book-length critical bibliographies of Farrell's entire literaryoutput through 1971.HUGH DAVIDSON, ab'38, PhD'46, aprofessor at the University of Virginia,is preparing a concordance to Pascal's"Lettres provinciales" and is working onan analytical survey of Pascal's works forthe Twayne World Authors Series.PHILIP ROOTBERG, ab'38, seniorpartner of the accounting firm of Root-berg & Company in Chicago, has beenelected to the board of directors ofNovo Corporation.1939MURRAY G. ROSS, x'39, presidentemeritus of York University in Toronto,has won the 1977 American Council onEducation Book Award for the outstanding book in the field of higher education.Ross's book, The University: TheAnatomy of Academe, traces the growth ofthe university from its origin in medievaltimes and compares the developments inCanadian, British, and U.S. universities.1942HOLT ASHLEY, sb'42, has been elected39to the board of directors of Hexcel Corporation. Ashley holds professorships inthe Departments of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Mechanical Engineeringat Stanford University.The Rand Graduate Institute hasestablished the Herbert GoldhamerMemorial Award in honor of HERBERTGOLDHAMER, PhD'42, who died on August 8, 1977. Goldhamer was a memberof the Institute's faculty since its inception in 1970. The award will be presented to an outstanding RGI studentwhose work reflects the principles thatGoldhamer tried to impart. His book,The Advisor, will be published by the Institute.1946JUDITH M. JOSEPH FIEDLER, PhB'46,and FRED E. FIEDLER, AM'47, PhD'49,spent this past spring as consultants andlecturers in Australia, Thailand, and Japan. He is a professor of psychology andof management and organization at theUniversity of Washington. She is Assistant Director of the Educational Assessment Center there.REX J. MORTHLAND, PhD'46, hasbeen named special assistant to thechairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in Washington,D.C.1947ELSBETH LEVY BOTHE, AB'47, a criminaldefense lawyer in Maryland and an opponent of capital punishment, was appointed to the bench in Baltimore.JOHN E. JENSEN, AB'47, JD'51,MBA'60, has been elected an executivevice president of Chicago Title andTrust Company. He remains a directorand secretary of the company.1948The Reverend CROMWELL C. CLEVELAND, X'48, received the Valley ForgeHonor Certificate for his sermon "Doyou and I appreciate America?" Theaward was made by the trustees and officers of the Freedom Foundation at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.MARGARET CHAVE FALLERS, AM'48,was appointed Assistant Vice Presidentfor Affirmative Action Programs at TheUniversity of Chicago. She is responsible for coordinating the University's non-discrimination policies andaffirmative action programs.MARVIN L. GOLDBERGER, PhD'48, theJoseph Henry Professor of Physics atPrinceton University, is the new president of the California Institute ofTechnology. Goldberger has held faculty positions at the University of California at Berkeley, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, andThe University of Chicago.An educator for nearly thirty years inChicago's south suburbs, ALBERT H.MARTIN, AM'48, retired last March. Hewas the assistant to the provost at Governors State University in Park Forest,Illinois.FRANK J. MCLORAINE, JD'48, waselected to the board of directors of DePaul University in Chicago.ALEXANDER POPE, AB'48, JD'52, wasappointed the Los Angeles County Assessor last February to complete theterm of retiring Philip Watson.KENNETH W. THOMPSON, AM'48,PhD'51, the Robert Kent Gooch Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs at the University of Virginia, wasappointed as director of its White Bur-kett Miller Center of Public Affairs. In1974, he received the Alumni Medalfrom The University of Chicago.Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati awardedan honorary doctorate degree to RabbiVICTOR H. WEISSBERG, PhB'48, of Temple Beth-El in Chicago.JEROME M. ZIEGLER, AM'48, chairmanof the Department of Urban Affairs andPolicy Analysis at the New School forSocial Research in New York City, hasbeen appointed Dean of the New YorkState College of Human Ecology atCornell University.1949THERON ALEXANDER, PhD'49, lecturedin Sao Paulo, Brazil this past academicyear. He spoke on the problems of achanging society and also participated ina seminar on "Alternatives of Development." He is a professor of human development at Temple University inPhiladelphia.1951ROBERT J. friauf, SM'51, PhD'53, professor of physics and astronomy at theUniversity of Kansas, has been namedthe 1978 recipient of the Argonne Universities Association Distinguished Appointment Award. Friauf will spend ayear as a visiting staff member at Argonne National Laboratory pursuing research on electrically charged crystals.1952NATHAN KEYFITZ, PhD'52, the AndelotProfessor of Sociology and Demographyat Harvard University, has been appointed chairman of the sociology department there. He has also beenelected to the National Academy of Sciences. Last winter, GEORGE W. REED, JR.,PhD'52, a senior chemist at the Department of Energy's Argonne NationalLaboratory and a senior research associate at The University of Chicago'sEnrico Fermi Institute, was awarded theNational Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal for his contribution to NASA's lunar space program. Reed is a leader in the analysis oflunar samples for heavy metals and fornonmetallic halogens. His research intothe behavior of trace elements and ofvolatile nongaseous elements in thelunar surface have contributed to scientists' understanding of the processes thatmay have occurred in the very early history of the moon, earth, and other innerplanets.1953alex M. shane, ab'53, am'55, professor and chairman of the Departmentof Slavic Languages and Literatures atthe State University of New York atAlbany, was awarded a National Endowment for the Humanities fellowshipfor independent study and research onthe Russian emigre-writer Aleksej Re-mizov for 1978-79- Shane is the authorof the book, The Life and Works ofEvgenij Zamjatin, and of numerous articles on Remizov and Zamjatin. Shanewas re-elected president of the American Association of Teachers of Slavicand East European Languages.1954GEORGE K. ROMOSER, AM'54, PhD'58,professor of political science at the University of New Hampshire and chairmanof the Conference Group on GermanPolitics, arranged a study team toexamine "Terrorism and the West German Polity: The Impact of RecentEvents."CARL SAGAN, ab'54, sb'55, sm'56,phD'60, recipient of the 1977 PulitzerPrize in Arts and Letters for his TheDragons of Eden, spoke about the exploration of Mars before an overflow audience at The University of Chicago'sWoodward Court Lectures on May 18.Sagan directs the Laboratory for Planetary Studies at Cornell University wherehe holds the David Duncan Chair in Astronomy and Space Sciences. He is theauthor or editor of fourteen books, including The Cosmic Connection and Intelligent Life in the Universe, the latterco-authored with Iosif S. Shklovsky, theSoviet theorist.1956PHILIP S. MARCUS, ab'56, sb'58, sm'59,has accepted an associate professorship40in mathematics at Christian BrothersCollege in Memphis.1957R. BEN DAVIS, AB'57, Am'58, PhD'64, director of Union Graduate School-Westin San Francisco, was named a qualityassurance officer for the Union for Experimental Colleges and Universities(UECU). He has also been in charge ofthe accreditation process foe UECU andis the author of its Self-Study in ProgressReport.1958ROBERT H. PUCKETT, AM'58, PhD'6l,received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to attendan eight-week summer seminar at theUniversity of Virginia. He was alsoelected to a three-year term on theSouthern Indiana Health SystemsAgency board of directors.1959ALAN F. GREENWALD, PhD' 59, directorof psychological services and professorof psychology at St. Mary's Seminaryand University in Baltimore, has received a grant from the Association ofTheological Schools to establish a psychological profile of men who enter theseminary. Greenwald has also accepted aclinical appointment within the Department of Defense.1960REATHA CLARK KING, SM'60, PhD'63,has been named president of Metropolitan State University in St. Paul, Minnesota.1961JOAN HELMKEN SANZENBACHER,AB'6l, has been appointed an assistant tothe director of the Division of SpecialPrograms at Colby College in Maine.1963HOWARD I. kain, ab'63, mba'70, wasnamed vice president for corporateplanning in the comptroller departmentat the Exchange National Bank inChicago.This Spring, NAOMI ASNIEN PARISH,SB'63, received her MD degree fromTemple University in Philadelphia.1964ROGER C. PARISH, SM'64, PhD'65, wasrecently appointed manager of researchfor the Animal Health Products divisionof Smith & Kline Corporation inPhiladelphia.EDWARD TARLOV, SM'64, MD'65, wasappointed to the Lahey Clinic associatemedical staff in the Department of Neurosurgery. He had been on theneurosurgical staff of the MassachusettsGeneral Hospital.1966LINDA K. DE GRAND, am'66, has beenappointed manager of the Illinois Institute of Technology's instructionaltwo-way television network.ARTHUR G. RUBINOFF, AM'66,PhD'77, was promoted to rank of Associate Professor of Political Science atthe University of Toronto. He has alsobeen awarded a Canada Council Sabbatical Leave Fellowship for 1978-79 tostudy the "Integration of Goa into theIndian Union."1967GEORGE T. MARTIN, JR., AM'67, PhD'72,has been named chairman of the Department of Sociology in the School ofSocial and Behavioral Sciences atMontclair State College in New Jersey.PAUL A. SILVER, AB'67, was recentlyappointed supervising attorney of theDisability Law Resource Center inBerkeley, California.CAROLYN L. TOMECEK, MAT'67, hasbeen named executive assistant to thechairman of the board at CNA Insurance.1968JOHN D. COX, AM'68, PhD'75, will be anAndrew W. Mellon Faculty Fellow atHarvard University during the 1978-79academic year. He is currently an assistant professor of English at the University of Victoria in Canada.BARBARA FLYNN CURRIE, AB'68,Am'73, won the March Democratic primary in Chicago's twenty-fourth districtwhich includes the Hyde Park area. Cur-rie will seek election to the state legislature this fall as an Independent Democrat.LANCE KLASS, Am'68, was recentlyappointed the assistant editor of TheSchool Catalogue, a national educationquarterly published by the DelphianFoundation and School in Sheridan,Oregon.JANET AHNER RUBINOFF, AM'68,who is completing her PhD in anthropology at the University of Toronto,has been awarded a Shastri Indo-Canadian Dissertation Fellowship tostudy "The Portuguese Impact on GoanSocial Structure."ROGER H. SCHOLLE, Sm'68, a certifiedoral pathologist with extensive generalpractice experience, has been appointededitor of the American Dental Association. He will direct the Association's scientific publications and be editor-in- chief of all journals of the Associationincluding the ofhcialjournal of the American Dental Association.1969CHARLES B. FRIEDBERG, AM'69, PhD'73,assistant professor of physics at the University of Virginia, received that university's Alumni Board of Trustees Teaching Award for his outstanding work.Friedberg played a major role in revisinga sequence of introductory courses forscience majors.RYAN LAHURD, AM'69, assistant professor of English at Thiel College inPennsylvania, has had an article published in the January 1978 issue ofLearning With magazine. The article,"Jolting Effie's Gingerbread," describestechniques for using contemporaryAmerican poetry to teach adolescentsand adults the emotional response necessary in understanding the Bible.1970BARBARA B. CURCIC, AB'70, MAT'71, andJOHN L. FREEOUF, am'69, PhD'73, announce the birth of their first child, Jennifer Nicole, on October 31, 1977 inMount Kisco, New York.WILLIAM SCHUPP, MBA'70, had an article published in the March issue of ThePersonnel Administrator. He is the personnel manager of the Baird WarnerCorporation in Chicago. He also manages little league baseball teams in hisspare time.JOHN E. WESSEL, PhD'70, a memberof the technical staff of the AerospaceCorporation in El Segundo, California,received an inventor's award for histrace vapor detection method. Wessel'smethod is considered an improvementover current techniques because of itspotential for extreme sensitivity in pollution and chemical research, industrialprocess control, and biochemistry.FLORENCE EMERY COHEN, AM'70,reports that she is now the associate director of marketing for Prudential Insurance Company at the corporate offices in Newark, New Jersey.1971MARION DANIS, AB'71, MD'75, was appointed an instructor of medicine at theUniversity of North Carolina.BRUCE H. WYATT, JD'71, has joinedthe legal department of Stanley HomeProducts, Incorporated in Westfield,Massachusetts. Wyatt was formerly withthe Chicago law firm of Sidley & Austin.1972CAROL MOSELY BRAUN, JD'72, will runfor the Illinois state legislature this fall41representing the twenty-fourth districtin Chicago which includes Hyde Park.Braun is an Independent Democrat.NANCY HARRIS, AB'72, recently married Jack Caiman, an environmental scientist. Harris is completing her worktowards a master's degree in social workat Boston College.RICHARD MOHR, AB'72, has receivedhis PhD from the University of Torontoand has been appointed an assistant professor of philosophy at the University ofIllinois at Urbana.ROGER PILON, AM'72, has beennamed a research associate in philosophy and a visiting professor of law atEmory University in Atlanta.1973PETER B. GILLIS, AB'73, is now a writerfor the Marvel Comics Group. Amongthe titles he has written for are CaptainAmerica, The Hulk, Dr. Strange, andMaster of Kung Fu. He is currently livingat 18 Bayberry Road in Elmsford, NewYork and welcomes correspondence.JAMES L. SPENKO, AM'73, PhD'77, isan assistant professor of English at theUniversity of Rochester.1974In Michigan's Upper Peninsula,THOMAS YONDORF, AB'74, MBA'75, hasbeen coordinating an economic boycottand a town law suit against the PanaxCorporation, publishers of the EscanabaDaily and other local papers.1975ROBERT R. KIRSHTEN, AM'75, PhD'77,was appointed an assistant professor ofEnglish at Cornell University. He willbegin his duties there in September.1977CAROL CHASE, PhD'77, has joined theDepartment of Modern Languages atKnox College in Illinois as an assistantprofessor and will also direct the college's exchange program in Besancon,France.In Memoriam1900-1919Davie Hendricks Essington, PhB'08;Lois Ballard Markham, PhB'08.Hugh Cooper, SB'll, md'13; FlorenceHollister Holmes, X'll; HarrisonEllsworth Biller, PhB'13; ElizabethDickey Copmann, PhB'13; ClaraStansbury Faulkner, PhB'13. Florence Patrick Gebhart, SB' 14,MD'17; Helen Lee Hayslette, PhB'14;Ferdinand J. Ward, X'14.Marie Goodenough Craig, PhB'15;Ester Wallace Turkopp, PhB'15; Mar-jorie J. Fay, PhB'l6, AM'30; Andrew J.Ivy, SB' 16, SM'18, PhD'18, MD'21, supporter of the controversial cancer drugkrebiozen, died in February in OakPark, Illinois; Walter Lawrence, SB' 16,SM'25; Hazen H. Haggerty, x'16.Margie C.E. Doyle, PhB'17; Oscar F.Hedenburg, PhD'15; Fred B. Houghton,PhB'17; Jeanette Regent Piatt, PhB'17, afounder of the League of Women Voters, died in March; Ernst W. Puttkam-mer, JD'17, professor emeritus in theLaw School at The University ofChicago, died in March.Mary Bernard Allen, PhB'18, PhD'27;Florence Morgan Cunningham, AM' 18;Marie Smith Cue, PhB'18; Abraham H.Rudolph, sb'18, MD'21; Dean CarlBurns, SB' 19, MD'21; Edith Ann Smith,SB'19.1920-1929M. Edward Davis, PhB'20, MD'22; EarleI. Greene, SB'20, MD'22; William Hubbard, X'20; Catherine ModestaMcGuire, PhB'20, AM'25; the Rev. An-selm Strittmatter, AM'20, a Benedictinewho devoted his life to the study of ancient and medieval history and theology,died in March at Providence Hospital inWashington, D.C.John Ashenhurst, x'21, a formerChicago newspaperman of the "FrontPage" era, died in March. He worked forthe Daily News and the Chicago EveningAmerican during the 1920s and the1930s; Emanuel F. Hurwitz, SB'21; Ar-kell Meyers Vaughn, SB'21, SM'22,MD'24; Everett Webster Walker, X'21.Phila May Griffin, PhB'22; HaroldKorey, AM'22; AdolphF. Shafter,JD'22.Theresa Borselli, PhB'23; JamesLeiniger Browning, PhB'23, AM'26;Joseph M. Greene, SB'23, MD'27; MaryWillcockson, PhB'23.Perl Hobart Miller, PhB'24; WillisWilliam Ritter, LLB'24, chief judge ofthe U.S. District Court for Utah, died inMarch; Martin Oliver Weisbrod,PhB'24, JD'26; Will Geer, SB'24, knownto thousands as Grandpa Walton from"The Waltons" TV series, died in LosAngeles in April after a short illness.Joseph H. Eichelberger, SB'25; MaryPetersen Peterson, PhB'25; GeorgianaRoney Wylie, AM'25, PhD'28.Jerome L. Abrahams, JD'26; RoseSelig Felsenthal, PhB'26; Meyer S. Handler, PhB'26, a foreign correspondentfor news services and the New YorkTimes in Europe for nearly thirty years, died in February; Elmer A. Lampe,PhB'26; Clem O. Miller, PhD'26;Frances Bishop Owen, PhB'26.Edith J. Christenson, PhB'27, AM' 34;Charles S. Hirsch, PhB'27, JD'28; Florence Huber Noble, PhB'27; Charles B.McKinney, x'27; Alice Knowles Spaul-ding, PhB'27.Walter Bechtel, SM'28; Arthur R.Gerhart, PhD'28; Paul H. Holinger,SB'28; J. Hundley Wiley, AM'28, professor emeritus of sociology at the University of Richmond, Virginia, died inMarch; May L. Cowles, PhD'29; JacobGeffs, JD'29.1930-1939John M. Buchanan, SB'30, MD'45; LillianH. Egerton, phB'30; Frank J. Ferlic,JD'30, former first assistant CookCounty state's attorney under BenjaminAdamowski, died in March; Lester B.Nordberg, PhB'30; Leo T. Samuels,PhD'30, professor emeritus of biochemistry at the University of Utah College of Medicine, died in April.Paul J. Donaldson, JD'31; John H.Hardin, PhB'31, JD'33; David M. Miller,phB'31; Russell Palm, PhB'31, am'38;Peter H. Rozendal, MD'31.Elizabeth Wylds Wright Buzzell,phB'32; Robert H. K. Foster, PhD'32,MD'35; Florence L. Benson, x'33;Adolph A. Rund, PhB'33; Walter S.Taylor, PhB'33; Garrett T. Wiggins,AM'33.Katherine Trees Livezey, PhB'34, whowas instrumental in the planning andbuilding of the Wyler Children's Hospital at The University of Chicago, died inMarch; Andrew Sandor, SB'34; MamieSaathoff Ytrehus, PhB'34.Louis A. Avallone, MD'35; Halcie M.Boyer, PhB'35; Harold W. Thatcher,PhD'35; Howard H. Wilson, PhB'36,phD'4l.Gerald J. Alonzo, MD'38; George R.Anderson, AM'39; Lynn Hedelman Weston, AB'39-1 940-1 949Joseph Epstein, AB'4l; Michael M. Ivan,MD'4l; Clementine McQuarry, AB'41;William Young, Jr., AB'4l.Paul J. Vollmar, Jr., MBA'42; JosephSpivak, PhD'42; Edith Lockley White,am'42.Carolyn V. Swanson, SB'43; MaryCavett Newsom, ab'44; Robert T.Joseph, x'44.James L. Adams, PhD'45; John A.Brown, Jr., am'45; Mary Blake Adams,x'46; William S. Dix, phD'46; LillianSeidler Slaff, AM'46.Leonard Hegland, am'47; Price R.Maddox, SB'47; J. Gayle Slomer,42phB'47, MBA'53; Edward P. Lauerman,MD'48; William T. Mulloy, AM'48,PhD'53, professor of anthropology at theUniversity of Wyoming, died in March afew days after returning from his mostrecent trip to Easter Island where he hadconducted archaeological research fortwenty-three years; Wendell H. Russell,phB'48, AM'50, director of manpowerdevelopment programs for Oak RidgeAssociated Universities, died in January.Su-Shu Huang, PhD'1949, professorin the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Northwestern University,died in September in Peking where hewas lecturing; Robert T. Wilkerson,DB'49.1950-1959William P. Cohen, AB'5 1; Robert E. Miller, JD'52; Ralph L. Wagner, Jr., MBA'52;William Wheaton, PhD'53.Richard Archer, PhD'54, retired librarian of the Chapin Library of RareBooks at Williams College, Massachusetts, died in January; James G.Harlow, phD'54, former president ofWest Virginia University, died inMarch; Joseph C. Lagey, PhD'54;Richard Hansen, JD'57.1960-1974The Rev. Michael P. Sheridan, PhD'65,administrative assistant to the presidentof Creighton University and formerdean of men at Marquette University,died after surgery in March.Diane Carol Markovitz, AB'74, diedlast August of leukemia.Former FacultyEdith Ballwebber, professor emeritus ofphysical education, died in March. Shehad been a member of the faculty at theUniversity since 1927 and also served asdirector of Ida Noyes Hall Clubhouse.Andrew W. Lawson, former chairmanof the Department of Physics and associate director of the Institute for theStudy of Metals (now the James FranckInstitute), died in February. He was thechairman of the Department of Physicsat the University of California at Riverside.Anita Sandke, director of CareerCounseling and Placement at the University, died in May in Billings Hospitalafter a long illness. She was fifty-eight.She was known as a pioneer in the fieldof career guidence and was one of thefirst counselors in the country to concentrate on the possibilities of alternative careers for advanced degree students. On campus, students rememberher for her warmth, concern, and dedication. ?|tet<mc ftttcfjcocfc!&M$$8mfa^A plaque marking Charles Hitchcock Hall as a National Historic Placewill be permanently installed at the dormitory during a special ceremonyin early November.In conjunction with this event, an attempt is being made to identifyand locate as many former Hitchcock residents as possible.If you ever lived in Hitchcock Hall, please complete the form belowand return it to:Henry ToutainBox 523Hitchcock Hall1009 East 57th StreetChicago, Illinois 60637NAMEAnmiHKsrrrv STATF 7IPI [NnRRr,R Ar>t TATR OHADTTATRCLASS OFAPPROXIMATE DATES OF RESIDENCY AT HITCHCOCK43Postscript from JaipurYour Volume LXIX, Number 4, Summer 1977 was taken from the envelope acouple of hours ago. Was I ever surprised at the caption in the Rudolph'sarticle — 9 April 1976, Mussoorie, U.P.,India! "... this side of the mountain isdistinctly American Christian . . . "—". . . the atmosphere is both more whiteand more upright than we can survive. . ." And I survived there from 1928 to1953 and am still going strong. LikePresident Emeritus Edward H. Leviwrote in regard to Robert MaynardHutchins, "The influence of what hetermed the 'parsonage' or his missionarypast was 'ineradicable' "— and so it is.My dissertation in the Department ofEducation, "Adjustment of India Missionaries' Children in America," followed eighty-eight of those studentsfrom Woodstock School. They havedone well.Life is stimulating in these Himalayas.Robert L. Fleming, PhD'47Kathmandu, NepalGobbledegook and SexI usually read and enjoy the alumni magazine, but in the Spring 1978 issue I findsomething to comment on. The article,"People and Things" by two authors (doI have to spell their long names?), is veryinteresting intellectually in that theanalysis of materialism is useful and maylead to deeper insights into the effects oftechnology on our lives. I do find twosmall items to quibble about. Firstly, theauthors write in a rather advanced formof gobbledegook which makes it difficultto understand what they are saying. Their principle seems to be, why usetwo words when ten words can do just aswell? Secondly, I am rather surprisedthat you as an editor would allow such asolecism as on page 12, line 10: "Whenthe middle generation is broken downby sex ..." I have seen people brokendown by alcohol and drugs, but never bysex alone. I speak as a former editor of ascientific publication.Edward L. Carton, MBA' 38Hillcrest Heights, MarylandOnly in AmericaEnjoyed very much readingCsikszentmihalyi and Rochberg-Haltonon "People and Things: Reflections onMaterialism." This was in your Spring1978 issue. I realize that their samplewas necessarily small but I thought theyanalyzed their findings well.They made me think, though, ofsomething Chesterton said in his "WhatI Saw in America." He had been here forsome months, I believe, and had spenttime in residence at Notre Dame. Hewas then on tour in San Francisco. Taking a stroll one morning, a rather seedyindividual approached him. He said thatin London he would immediately havethought the man was asking for a handout. But in America, that thought didn'toccur to him. The man began the conversation by talking about what Chesterton was going to lecture on that night,and he continued with some commentson works of Chesterton that he hadread. Chesterton remarked that he enjoyed their several minutes of conversation, and he used this as an example ofhow non-materialistic Americans reallyare — that they talk about money a lot but it isn't really all that important tothem. This might be interesting to explore.Eileen Fitzpatrick Ronan, PhB'32St. Augustine, FloridaAnswers to the FOTA Quiz1. The First Republic was established atthe time of the Revolution and ceased tobe at Napoleon's First Empire, 1804.The Second Republic was formed in1848 by a revolution and lasted until1852; its coup d'etat was engineered byNapoleon III. The Third Republic wasformed after the defeat of the SecondEmpire in the 1871 Prussian War andlasted until the Nazi Occupation. TheFourth Republic began under De Gaulleafter World War II and fell during theAlgerian crisis.2. Edmund Burke.3. The trenches are areas of subductionat the edges of the continental plates.4. A set of philosophical treatises written by St. Thomas Aquinas.5. It doesn't. The Piltdown Man was anelaborate fraud.6. For Artistotle, government is supposed to promote human virtue and,therefore, happiness. This virtue consists in living according to nature, or according to a higher good. Hobbes deniesthe existence or relevance of a highergood; government should promoteorder and allow men to pursue materialistic goods that are not incompatiblewith the political order.7. An apparent shift in wavelength dueto motion.8. 1/4.9- The Kentucky Derby, Preakness,and Belmont.10. Pythagoras noticed that motionproduces sound. Therefore, he reasoned, the heavenly bodies in their orbits must produce a sound or "music" sofine and sublime that it could not beheard — except perhaps by someone witha "divine" ear.If alumni have suggestions for nextyear's questions (particularly any thatmay have stumped you when you weretaking the Hutchins exam), please mailthem to FOTA, % Irene Conley, IdaNoyes Hall, 1212 E. 59th Street,Chicago, Illinois 60637.CreditsCourtesy of The Map Collection, TheJoseph Regenstein Library: page 5.Michael Shields: page 27.Donald Rocker: Reunion '78 photographs.Production and layout: Paula S. Ausick.44ZC909 TI 09V3IHD133biS|Hl6g 1SV3 91 ITAavaanxdgclobo^HM "ivja3sOSVDIH} JO AlISa3/MN01I#Cover Note: Persons strolling aroundthe 59th Street and Ellis Avenue cornerof the Classics Building will find, beneath the southwestern window, Hercules depicted on the cover. He is, weassume, engaged in one of his twelvelabors. That exemplary calm may be because killing a Nemean lion takes a certain concentration, or because he had noidea that there were eleven more laborsto go. Juno, in a sort of perpetual pique,had made poor Hercules subject toEurystheus, a nervous type, who was soundone by the sight of Hercules wearingthe dead lion around his shoulders thatthe next labors were set well out oftown.Our favorite is the cleaning of the Augean stables. Augeas, king of Elis, hadsome three thousand oxen, and throughunderstandable oversight, had notcleaned their stables for thirty years.Those of us who can remember thepungency of the old Chicago stockyardsborne on certain west winds can appreciate such an assignment. Ah, butHercules was no fool. He brought therivers Alpheus and Peneus through thestables and cleansed them in one day.One imagines a thoroughly wet andratty-looking herd, glassy-eyed frombuffeting by waves and small fish, sagging against the side of the stables, butclean, clean.Before his labors were done, Hercules had tangled with the Amazons,rent a mountain into the pillars of Hercules (or Gibraltar), killed a perfectlyvile Hydra, and retrieved the golden apples of Hesperides — some prosy historians say they were probably oranges.His death, alas, was brought about bylove. We are told he lived in peace withhis wife Dejanira for three years. Then,while fording a river, a semi-amphibiouscentaur named Nessus attempted to run off with her. Hercules slew him, butNessus slipped a portion of his blood toDejanira, saying it would be an effectivelove charm should her husband*s affection stray. A lovely prisoner named Ioleforced the issue; and Nessus' blood,which Dejanira dabbed on Hercules'robe, turned out to be a searing poison.In agony, Hercules tore the robe fromhimself and, with it great pieces of hisbody. Dejanira hung herself in despair,and Hercules repaired to his funeralpyre on Oeta. The gods, sorrowing atthe end of such a hero, took "the diviner ¦¦ ¦¦—part" in a four-horse chariot to dwellwith them. Juno put off her pique andgave him her daughter to marry.Bullfinch, translating furiously, says thatas Hercules took his place in heaven,Atlas — the subdued Titan who bore theuniverse on his shoulders — felt theadded weight.