\THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEVOLUME LXXNUMBER 1AUTUMN 1977THE .UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOLIBRARYTHE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume LXX, Number 1Autumn 1977Alumni Association5733 South University AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637(312) 753-2175Président: Charles W. Boand (LLB'33,MBA'57)Director; David Leonetti (AB'58)Assistant Director: Ruth HalloranProgram Director: Gwen WitsamanRégional Offices1888 Century Park East, Suite 222Los Angeles, California 90067(213) 277-7727825 Third Avenue, Suite 1030New York, New York 10022(212) 935-19771000 Chestnut Street, Apt. 7DSan Francisco, California 94109(415) 928-0337735 Fairfax StreetAlexandria, Virginia 22314(709) 549-3800Second-class postage paid at Chicago, Illinois, and at additional mailing offices.Copyright 1977 by The University ofChicago. Published quarterly Spring, Summer,Fall, and Winter by the Vice-Présidentfor Public Affaire. CONTENTSOn the Midway 2The Monkey's Taie 10Anthony C. YuSélections from the Présidents'Papers 22Alumni Fund Annual Report 27Nostalgia 38Postcard from Olympus 39Alumni News 41Class Notes 44For the Record 52Letters to the Editor 55Crédits 56Cover Note 57Editor: Iris M. PoliskiEditoral Assistant: Paula S. AusickON THE MIDWAYFifty Years of Medicine atthe UniversityMore than 2,000 alumni, benefactors,faculty, staff, employées, and guestsjoined in the 50th Anniversary célébration at The University of Chicago Médical Center, November 13 through 18.The commémoration included tours, aconvocation and symposium, lectures,luncheons, a civic dinner, and a benefitconcert by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.Dr. Charles B. Huggins, NobelLauréate and the William B. Ogden Dis-tinguished Service Professor in the BenMay Laboratories, addressed the guestsat the 50th Anniversary Convocation atRockefeller Mémorial Chapel, whereseven honorary degrees were conferred.Dr. Huggins was a member of the firstfaculty of the Médical School.The Departments of Surgery,Medicine, Neurosciences and the ZollerDental Clinic held symposia andluncheons honoring their spécial guests.Dr. J. Garrott Allen was guest speaker atthe surgery luncheon. ProfessorEmeritus of Surgery at the StanfordMédical Center, he is known for thework he did at Chicago on blood coagulation and the effects of radiation onblood.The formai dedication of theSurgery-Brain Research Pavilion was amajor event. The Pavilion houses theMargaret Hoover Fay and William E.Fay, Jr., Brain Research Institute and theClarence C. Reed Surgical Center. De-ducation remarks were by Dr. ClarenceReed, Rush '24; Dr. Paul S. Russell,PhB. '44, SB '45, MD '47, professor inthe Department of Surgery at HarvardUniversity; and William E. Fay, Jr., executive vice président and director ofSmith, Barney and Company.The annual Dallas B. Phemister Lecture and Walter L. Palmer ProfessorshipLecture were included during the week-long anniversary célébration. Dr. Marshall R. Urist, professor of surgery atUCLA Médical School, presented thePhemister Lecture; Dr. Charles F. Code,professor of psychology and medicineat UCLA, gave the Palmer Lecture.Dr. Robert W. Wissler, MS '43, PhD'46, MD '48, the Donald N. PritzkerProfessor in the Department of Pathol-ogy and in the Collège, was chairman forthe 50th Anniversary events. Dr. Cornélius W. Vermeulen, MD '37, directorof Spécial Projects in the Médical Center, Division of Biological Sciences and the Pritzker School of Medicine, wroteA Fifty Year History of the Médical Centerin honor of the célébration.Law School Célébrâtes Seventy-fifthAnniversaryThe Law School of The University ofChicago was founded seventy-five yearsago. During September, a célébrationmarking the event included a seminar,announcement of four endowed pro-fessorships, and a gala birthday réception.The Honorable Shirley M. Hufstedlerand Seth Hufstedler presided over anentering students' dinner. They were theU.S. and Marguerite S. Schwartz Visit-ing Fellows. Shirley Hufstedler, of theU.S. Courts of Appeals in Los Angeles,gave the opening address in the week-long célébration.Alumni, faculty, students, and friendsalso had the opportuniry to hear Bernard D. Meltzer, the James Parker HallProfessor, and four deans of the LawSchool discuss "The Law and LégalEducation — 1902-1977." Participantswere Wilber G. Kotz, Edward H. Levi,Phil C. Neal, and Norval Morris. Themoderator was George F. James, aformer Law School faculty member anda retired senior vice président of MobilOil.At the gala party, Robert Reneker,chairman of the Board of Trustées of theUniversity, presided over a birthdayceremony honoring the donors of theendowed professorships which markedthe célébration.The Trial, 1953-54 by JackLevine, is on view at theSmart Gallery as part of theanniversary célébration of theLaw School.The Trial, 1953-54 by JackLevine, is on view at theSmart Gallery as part of theanniversary célébration of theLaw School.The Trial, 1953-54 by JackLevine, is on view at theSmart Gallery as part of theanniversary célébration of theLaw School.2Clouds and Waves in the Wu Gorge.Exhibitions at the Smart GalleryThe David and Alfred Smart Gallery or-ganized an exhibition, Artists View theLaw in the Twentieth Century, to com-memorate the seventy-fifth anniversaryof the Law School. Opening October 5and continuing through November 27,the exhibition includes over forty paint-ings, drawings, prints, photographs, andsculpture demonstrating the évolutionof the contemporary view of the American judicial System over the pastseventy-five years.An exhibition of Chinese landscapepaintings by sixteenth century artist,Hsieh-Shih-ch'en, will open January 1 1and run through February 26. The "con temporary" spirit of sixteenth centuryChina is reflected in Hsieh Shih-ch'en'sfree interprétation and personal expression of the historical and philosophicaltraditions of Chinese landscape paintings. The exaggeration and distortion ofform and space in his artworks markedthe beginning of the évolution of morefluid personal expression in Chinese art.The Smart Gallery is located on thecampus of the University at 5550 SouthGreenwood Avenue. The Gallery wel-comes the public, free of charge, Tues-day through Saturday from 10 AM to 4PM and Sunday from noon to 4 PM.An Interview with von HayekIn July, Nobel prize winner Friedrich vonHayek visited the University to give twolectures and to meet informally with faculty. Von Hayek, an economist and socialphilosopher, wrote Priées and Production,Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle,and Profits, Interest and Investment inthe 30s. He shared his 1 974 Nobel Prize inéconomies with GunnarMyrdal.We asked économies student Alan C.Stockman to talk to von Hayek and tell ushow his ideas hâve developed since he taughtat the University (1950-1962), as Professor of Social and Moral Sciences.Their discussion, which included questions by Professor Arnold Zellner, touchedon von Hayek's work on The Constitutionof Liberty (i960), and that work' s implications for a free society. He bas ex-panded thèse latter ideas in his three-volumetreatise: Law, Législation, and Liberty,published by The University of ChicagoPress.An important thesis in von Hayek'swork is that the true meaning of "law" isa system of gênerai rules of conduct thatcan be agreed upon regardless of theirresults in particular applications, andthat a good or libéral society, if it is toremain a good or libéral society, must begoverned by laws rather than by the results of législation or of administrativedécisions that hâve as their purposesome spécifie conséquences in a particular application. Prohibitions againstmurder, for example, are laws whilelégislation authorizing a Civil Aeronau-tics Board to set minimum airline fares isnot law. I asked Professor Hayek howhe responds to people who advocatelégislation for particular purposes ratherthan law."There is a confusion," he said, "be-tween différent meanings of law. If you hâve a superstition that everything themajority décides, however dis-criminatory, can be called a law, you arrive at nonsense. Law was a term to de-scribe gênerai rules of individual conduct applicable to an unpredictablenumber of future instances, with effectswhich are therefore never foreseeable indétail. If you hâve such a conception oflaw, then you cannot say one law isnecessarily better than another: any lawof that type can be tried."If ail coercion is limited to the en-forcement of such law and governmenthas no other coercive powers, then youprevent governments from degenerat-ing."I think you will say that there are certain services a government cannot ren-der without having coercive powers.Thèse services I would devolve to smallgroups where people can vote with theirfeet. When you can't hâve any otherform of limitation, the limitation mustconsist in the fact that people need notsubmit to thèse particular authorities.My idéal is that the services rendered bygovernment should really be renderedby corporations competing for citizensand providing such services as citizenslike and not those that citizens don'tlike, and that means they must be con-fined to fairly small areas so citizens canmove over the border from one intoanother one."Défense against outside agression isreally a technical issue. I personally be-lieve that today we don't need conscription . . . but even there, it may be aninévitable evil if you cannot préserve asociety otherwise. But I doubt whetherit is necessary. In principle, if you hadlibéral countries living together, itwould not be necessary."I asked Professor Hayek how oneachieves a libéral society. "You mayachieve this," he replied, "by imposingupon them négative rules. It is perfectlylegitimate from a moral point of view toprohibit some people from forcing otherpeople to do a certain thing, and that iswhat it cornes to. The people who dissent (from a libéral society) are thosewho would like to force other people todo things. So the only rules that are im-posed upon people are négative rules."The last chapter of Law, Législationand Liberty will contain a section aboutthree great négatives — and the basicmoral conceptions are really ail servingnégatives — peace is négative, liberty isnégative, and justice is négative. It is3non-interference with the protectedsphères of the others. We cannot hâvefreedom unless people are, if necessaryby force, prevented from interferingwith the freedom of others. That is theone purpose for which force is in-dispensible."How, I asked, do the gênerai rulesguiding a libéral society corne about?"They come about initially in the pro-cess of adjudication. Every judge tries tojustify his décision in a particular case byformulating a gênerai rule. Now that isthe process by which common law wasorginally developed. But it is not a process which may not occasionally be ledinto dead ends. So occasionally législation may be necessary to help to get outof a dead end."Originally législation was trying toimitate the rules that started from judi-cial décisions. But législation began todo much more than that. Primitive kingswere not chosen or respected becausethey were supposed to make law, butbecause they were supposed to under-stand law and interpret it. Gradually thisled to their being given the power tomake law. But the law was there first,before there was adjudication; thepower of judge-king was essentially toenforce customary law."But customary law is always inadéquate to deal with difficult cases — ithas to be developed — and one processof developing sometimes is législation.So long as législation only aims at thesort of thing the courts hâve alwaysdone, then it's ail right. But graduallythe législatures undertake much morethan législation in that sensé. We nowdon't call a législature that which giveslaw, but it is the other way around: wecall anything a law which cornes from thelégislature. In the original phrase, 'législature' dérives from the name 'law,' butnow 'law' dérives from 'législature' because everything a législature says is'law.' "Professor Zellner then asked vonHayek about taxation and the problemsof low income groups in a libéral democ-racy."What we now call 'democracy,' "saidvon Hayek, "has given more power tospécial interest groups than they everhad in history. What is now called themajority is being brought together bybuying off spécial interest groups. And itmust be so, as long as the elected représentatives of the majority hâve un-limited powers, because as soon as they hâve that power, they will be forced touse it to benefit thèse people. So an un-limited democracy doesn't really re-present the opinion of the people, butrepresents the aggregate of the desiresof a sufficient number of spécial interestgroups to make up a majority."I think that, according to my System,taxes could only be raised according torules that were the same for everybody,which certainly precludes such a thing asprogressive taxation. You can forceeverybody to pay 5 or 10 or 15 percentof their incomes, but once you beginmaking the tax scale progressive, you arereally aiming at changing some people.Ail coercion must be limited to informairules équitable, applicable to ail. . . . Thesort of System where one group ofpeople say, 'The others must pay for it,'is no longer démocratie and it is nolonger just."Zellner and von Hayek had brieflydiscussed a négative income tax during atalk the previous day. von Hayek elabo-rated."I would not use it for any altérationof society's (distribution) mechanism. Infact, one wouldn't subsidize the needygenerally. You would just décide thatthere is a minimum below which nobodyshould be compelled to live. You paythe same flat minimum to anybody whois really unable to earn more than that.But only then. There would be a verystrict capacity test and ail the rest wouldbe free-market. Even that is only possible in a comparatively rich society. Thepoor society couldn't afford to pay eventhat. But the rich society, so to speak, iscapable of entering a gênerai insurancescheme by which everbody who is actu-ally incapable of earning more than acertain minimum can draw thisminimum. That is no discrimination;that is no différent treatment and ofcourse no real foreseeable redistribution; it is merely a protection against arisk which may hit anybody."He went on to suggest that this pro-gram could be financed by a flat percent-age tax on income and that the levelwould be agreed upon by society to bejust enough to elimate actual starvation.He claimed that people could voluntar-ily insure more, if they wished, in thefree market.I asked von Hayek about the peoplein an "initial state" like that described inJohn Rawls' A Theory of Justice. Hère,people hâve information about charac-teristics of the social System, but not of their own particular place in it; that is,they might turn out to be rich or poor.Might such people choose a particularlevel of wealth insurance or a particularminimum income level, but not revealthe true choice once they know whetherthey are the "lucky" or "unlucky" mem-bers of society? That is, lucky peoplehâve an incentive to understate and unlucky to overstate the minimum incomelevel."I hâve come on this point to anextraordinarily similar position as Rawlsand as a resuit of a personal expérience,"said von Hayek. "In 1940, when I wasliving in London and bombing startedand the invasion by Hitler was expected,I was regarded as — though I wasn'treally — a refugee from central Europe. Iwas not because I had become professorat London before ail this started. Manypeople thought in addition I might beJewish and in spécial danger. I had offersfrom Sweden, from the Argentine, andfrom the United States, to send my fam-ily and my children there. And in thesituation, I came to regard (which is nowdifficult to believe), that I would notsurvive if I lived in London. We wereexpecting a destruction of London onmuch bigger scale than ever came."So I had to choose in which particular environment I would place my children by chance, without knowing inwhat kind of family they would beplaced. There was a high probability thatthey would hâve to stay in that family forthe rest of their lives. What was mycriterion for choosing between the threecountries? In fact, I kept my family inLondon, but I reflected naturally aboutthe program and I decided I would pre-fer the completely démocratie Americansociety to either Sweden or Argentinewhere I, personally, with my establishedstanding and my réputation would pro-bably hâve a better chance. (When a per-son is a university professer, he is in asomewhat higher society and in a muchbetter position than in American society.) So for myself, it was quite clear Iwould hâve chosen either Sweden orArgentina. I wasn't so well known then.I was just a compétent university professor, but I knew I would hâve a betterposition. When it was a question of plac-ing my children, who were very smallthen, in the end I decided on the American family."But there you see what a criterion ofchoice can be. People will, if they are atail sensible, judge not on the basis of4what society they want to live in, but onthe basis of which society they want fortheir children. And if we look at it fromthat point of view, I think people cannotjudge from their particular positions,but they hâve to provide for the un-certain opportunities of young peoplewith uncertain attributes and qualities.On that standard, I think a freely compétitive society in which it is relativelyeasy to rise, offers a better chance than aquasi-hierarchical society, as evenSwedish society was then — a great de-mocratization of Swedish society hascome since then — and as the Argentinesociety would hâve been."The discussion turned to éducation,and particularly, higher éducation."As a gênerai principle," said vonHayek, "I am in favor of governmentfinancial support of éducation, but not ofgovernment running éducation in anyform. I agrée, but that doesn't apply tohigher éducation so much, with theFriedman voucher plan."Somewhere I published a scheme ofmy own. I feel that apart from a muchmore sélective scheme of governmentfinance of éducation based on quality,you ought to hâve some System in whicha great désire to get an éducation and awillingness to make a sacrifice for thisshould count."I once suggested that you shouldcreate some quasi-monastic institutions.Hère, a young man at eighteen or sowho is frightfully keen on higher éducation, but who could not qualify throughthe usual tests could, at the price of avery austère life for five or six years, re-treat and receive ail the educational be-nefits. The understanding would be thathe really dévote ail his energy to this forthe next six years and renounce a greatmany of the pleasures which most youngpeople take for granted. I think suchquasi-monastic institutions would provide a better sélection of the type of per-son who may not do so well in examina-tions at ail. There may be types ofpeople who are particularly interested inone problem or can work only on thething in which they are at the momentintensely interested. You would get amuch better sélection (of candidates)than from any System of offering schol-arships or that sort of thing to peoplewho pass examinations and do well inthe conventional terms."People laughed at my plan years agowhen I sketched it, but I still believequite seriously in it. It is much more im portant than extending the publiclyfinancied opportunities, to create opportunities for those who are really pre-pared to undergo considérable sacrificein exchange for being allowed to dévotefive or six years to their own work. . . . Idon't think we hâve any means of select-ing the good people except by their intense désire to acquire knowledge."— Alan C. StockmanExploring Mexico-Mayan ArcheologyCarol Meyer is a Ph.D. candidate inMesopotamian archeology in the Department of Near Eastern Languages andCivilizations. She spent nine months in1972 and 1975 doing archeological fieldwork in and around the Valley ofTeotihuacân with the University of lowapost-conquest seulement and trade routesprojects, and was in charge of the tripdescribed below.Mexico is a good place to be in Febru-ary. The University's Extension Division, with that in mind, sponsored a tourof that country's archeological sites lastyear, and will do so again this February.Planning a ten-day trip designed to in-troduce ail of Mexican archeology has tobe highly sélective. Mexico is a big coun-try, one-fourth the size of the UnitedStates, and enormously diverse as to his-tory, terrain, population, and culture.Even concentrating an pre-hispaniccultures confronts one with an embar- rassment of riches; this is the homelandof the Olmecs, the Aztecs, Toltecs andtheir predecessors, the Zapotecs andMixtecs and, with Guatemala, the Maya.The problem then, is one of picking sitesreprésentative of as many of the majorcultures and time periods as possible;sites that are reasonably présentable andaccessible via tour bus or jeeps.Although there are différences be-tween last year's tour and the oneplanned for February, a survey of the1977 trek provides insights to the 1978tour.Before departure, a short séries of lectures offered the group an idea of thecountry, the chronology, and of the an-cient peoples and their achievements.Reviewi-ng the whole of Mexican archeology helped place the three areas tobe visited (the Valleys of Mexico andTeotihuacân, Oaxaca, and northernYucatan) in relation to each other andother régions. Some problems, such asthe complex relationship of the manydiversified ecological zones and thedevelopment of ancient cultures, couldbe introduced. Other questions had towait until the land and sites themselvescould be visited.The group of forty flew directly toMexico City and promptly went to theMuseo Nacionâl. A showplace, theMuséum is built around a central courtwith a lotus and papyrus pond and atwo-story waterfall descending from anumbrella roof. It houses archeologicalThe main plaza at Monte Albân sprawls over a mountain top.5and ethnological displays, région by région. Many of the finest works of the an-cient sculptors and potters are on dis-play, as well as maps, reconstructions,and models. The day served as a periodof altitude adjustment; the lowest pointin the Valley of Mexico is 2,145 meters.The second day included a visit toAnahuacalli, Diego Rivera's collectionof pre-hispanic figurines. The four-storymuséum contains hundreds of pièces ofsculpture which Rivera used as inspiration for his own artwork. The livelyfigurines represent the ancient Mexicansat home, playing or watching bail games,dancing, playing musical instruments,dressed for festivals or rituals, orequipped for war. Next, a short ride tothe round temple platform at Cuicuilco.Constructed in Middle Pre-Classic(around 700 B.C.), it is one of the oldestbuildings in the Americas, preserved bya lava flow ca. 400 A.D.Day three began with a short visit tothe Plaza de las Très Culturas and theremains of the religious center ofTlatelolco, a rival kingdom to the Aztecsof Tenochtitlân. Few Aztec period structures in Mexico City hâve survived;most were razed by the Spaniards orburied by the growth of the city.Then to Teotihuacân, some 40 km.away. That city was mainly inhabitedfrom 100 B.C. to 650 A.D., and at itspeak, covered about 221/2 squarekilometers, the largest pre-hispanic cityin the Americas, with a populationestimated at 85,000. A walk through theGreat Compound, unexcavated as yet,but probably the marketplace, and overa ring of platforms leads to the face ofthe Quetzalcoatl Temple with itssculptured Feathered Serpents andround-eyed Tlalocs, rain gods. Thiscomplex, the Ciudadela, was actually thecenter of the city, which was laid out ona grid pattern about the time of Christ.Even the Rio San Juan which runsthrough it was channelled to fit the grid.Some climbed the Pyramid of the Sun;the view from the top surveys the valleyand the mountains rimming it, the passesto régions beyond, and the obsidianmines that contributed to the wealth ofthe city. For a civilization without métal,volcanic glass provided the best knowntool and weapon edge. At the far end ofthe Avenue of the Dead, at the plazafacing the Pyramid of the Moon, wewalked through and under the partlyrestored palace of Quetzalpapalotl,decorated with carved pillars, roof orna- ments, and jaguar frescoes.Perhaps the most strenuous day beganwith an early plane to Oaxaca, flying be-tween the snow-capped summits of thevolcanoes Popocatepetl and Ixtaccihuatl.The futher south one travels, thelovelier and more unspoiled Mexico be-comes. Oaxaca is still the heartland ofvital native cultures. Gathering picniclunches from the hôtel, the group set offfor Mitla.The courts and palaces and platformsand tombs of the Mixtec rulers there areornamented with elaborate, sophisti-cated géométrie stone mosaics and redpaint. The local hawkers were numerousand persistant, but Yagul, by contrast,was deserted. Its Palace of Six Patios,bail court, mounds and ruins of shrines,tombs, and the trail, leading up to ahill-top fortress, were silent. Continuingto Tule, the entire group sat beneath the"baby" Tule tree for lunch. The largertree is fenced off and its dimensions andâge — supposedly the oldest tree onearth — are described.Then, Dainzû, another small site, oneonly partly excavated, but includingshrines, a tomb with a jaguar carved overthe entrance, a bail court, and a hugeplatform backed against the hillside anddecorated with stone slabs showing bailplayers and deities in low relief, similarto the Danzantes of Monte Alban andconsidered to be Olmec-related. Dainzûis difficult to reach, little visited, andthus still littered with potsherds andfragments of stone tools. Suddenlysherds, guaranteed soporifics in a lecture, became interesting and important.Paste, temper, firing, finishing, and décoration became intriguing. But thereare rules: if something looks interesting,pick it up, dust it off, examine it, anddrop it right there. It is illégal to removea single sherd or obsidian chip fromcountry. "Difficult to reach" means thatthe bus driver had to bump over un-paved road and squeeze between twoboulders, around a corner, and throughthorn bushes. On the return, he clearedthe rocks by literally two inches; weapplauded. Immediately he stopped thebus — and took a photo to show his fel-low drivers in Mexico City.Two highlights of ancient and modemIndian culture of Oaxaca are MonteAlbân and the Saturday market. MonteAlbân sprawls over a mountain top anddown the terraces on the sides, thoughonly the cérémonial core around thegreat plaza has been cleared and partly restored. Around the plaza are groupeda bail court, temples, a palace, severalcérémonial complexes, a strangearrow-head-shaped building, two massive mounds at the north and southends, subsidiary plazas and structures,stèle, finely carved reliefs andhierogyphs, and the primitive "Dancer"slabs. Beyond are tomb complexes, oneleft intact, others with paintings or urnsshaped like seated gods over the doors.The toil of building and maintainingthis huge city on a waterless mountainmust hâve been formidable, but the viewover three valleys, past the clouds to themountains beyond is magnificent (theZapotecs and Mixtecs called themselves"the Cloud People").As the group had split into two sections for the Merida flight, one half wentto explore the Oaxaca native market,jammed with everything: embroideredshirts and dresses, dried fish, pottery,raw and cooked food, ropes and baskets,knives and chocolaté frothers, livestockand furniture, flowers and combs, fac-tory goods, hand-woven textiles, goldfiligree jewelry. Determined marketwomen presided, vendors and buyers,not ail of whom even spoke Spanish.Sunday's visit to the Santa Domingochurch — to see the elaborate gilt,Baroque interior and chapels — broughtus next door to the Oaxaca régionalmuséum. It houses displays of the his-tory of the Dominican order, the dressand material culture of the many Indiangroups in the state, and the treasuresfrom Tomb at Monte Albân, the richestsingle find in the Americas. The amountof gold, jade, and semi-precious stonesis impressive, the but quality of thecraftmanship is even more so.The group reassembled after the second half flew to Merida. Clean, shining,it is called the "white city." It feels tropical; windows open on balconies, palmsUne the streets. The women wear whitedresses with flowers embroidered athem and neck; the rural houses are oval,white-plastered, and thatched. The terrain is no longer volcanoes or upthrustmountains, but flat, streamless scrub-land.The next two days, we visited foursites south of Merida. The Labnâ andSayil sites can only be reached by jeep;several hours down a deeply-rutted trailthrough the jungle brings one to Sayil.Hère the partly-cleared, three-storypalace, the unrestored "Mirador" templestill supporting its roof lattice or6"comb," and a few bits of other buildingssit alone in tenuously cleared patches inthe forest.Labnâ, further down the road, is alarger site, and more extensivelycleared. Around a central plaza with acauseway down the center, stand a com-plex, highly-decorated palace, smallerplazas, palaces and temples, one tallmound with temple, and the remarkablearch. This is a free-standing corbel arch(the only kind of arch the Mexicansused) with diminiutive shrines on eitherside and a roof comb on top.Chac, Chac, Chac. The Maya seem tohâve been obsessed with rain. The maskof the long-nosed rain god Chac is re-peated hundreds of times in Puuc-stylearchitecture. The culmination is theCodz Pop building at the site of Kabah;the building is covered solidly withsuperimposed Chac faces made of smallstones carved and fitted together.Another cérémonial arch hère marksone end of a sacred causeway that runsail the way toUxmal, about 1 7 kilomet-ers distant.Uxmal is an extensive site, and onlythe cérémonial core has been cleared.One can see, and perhaps climb, thenearly vertical Pyramid of the Magicianwhich supports a séries of temples on topand complicated gods' masks lining oneset of balustrades. Next to it is thefamous Nunnery Compound: four large,elaborately decorated buildings around acentral court. Just to one side is a ruinedbail court, and beyond that a triple ter-race with the House of Turtles temple,another huge temple mound and shrine,and the Palace of the Governor, anenormous structure. The real purpose ofthe latter type of buildings is uncertain,but the care lavished on their construction and décoration marks them as important. Further from the center of thesite is the "Dovecote," still carryingmost of a tall, jagged roof comb; theCemetery Group, named for its skulland crossbones sculpture; stèle withwarrior carvings and hieroglphics, rarein this région; and other temples, arches,ruins.Uxmal was prélude to Chichén Itzâ,the largest post-classic Maya city. Onehalf consists of "Old Chichén," built before the Toltecs, followers of the semi-legendary chief Quetzalcoatl, settledthere and built up the other half, "NewChichén." In the old section is the Graveof the High Priest, deep below which arich burial was found in a natural cavern; the Casa Colorado group of temples; theround wind temple called the Catcacol orObservatory; the great, elaborately decorated palace complex now labelledthe Nunnery and Iglesia; Akab Dzib,"Dark Writing," a small building whosedoor posts and lintels are carved withdélicate reliefs and hieroglyphs. Themore famous New Chichén, is centeredaround the huge Castillo, actually apyramid and temple, in the middle of avast plaza. Far inside the pyramid in asmall chamber stands the Jaguar Throne,painted red and jade encrusted, whichsnarls at ail corners. The bail court is thelargest in Mesoamerica; its sides are decorated with relief slabs showing thebloody sacrifice of the losing players.Paintings in the temple depict battles;smaller platforms bear reliefs of skullsand crossbones, or crossed arrows andshields or jaguars and eagles eatinghuman hearts. The reclining Chacmoolsscattered about the site may hâve been sacrificial stones. Into the Sacred Ce-note, one of the sinkholes that providedthe water vital to a nearly streamlessland, were thrown sacrifices: baskets,textiles, pots, jades, rubber dolls, in-cense, gold, copper bells, human beings,anything of value. The Temple of theWarriors on another side of the plaza hascolumns carved as standing, fully armedmen. Battle and bloody sacrifice seem tohâve been almost as important to theItzâ as to the Aztecs.Our last evening included informaiparties, a spécial entertainment in thehôtel patio, a last dinner and strollthrough the warm night. At the MexicoCity airport next morning, there wasenough time to read a newspaper andfind that we'd just missed the studentriots in Oaxaca.There is insufficient space to describethe other events — the Ballet Folklorico,fiestas, and unexpected side trips; it was,after ail, a vacation. The group was a gal-At Chichén Itzâ, theentrance to the smalltemple overlooks the bailcourt, where losing wasfatal.lant one. Sometimes the hours werelong, the air thin, the sun hot, steps end-less, meals late, and caméras heavy, butcomplaints were few. One lady climbedthe stairs and platforms with gloves on,but climbed them, nonetheless. Participants were friends of the Oriental In-stitute, the Field Muséum, the Centerfor Continuing Education, or had signedon through other sources. The mix wasgood; it was almost impossible to sitdown at any table for dinner and nothâve a good conversation.From the preliminary itinerary, TravelPlans International made ail arrangements. Tour personnel consisted of aninstructor, two graduate archeology students, a licensed Mexican guide, and areprésentative of Travel Plans.The 1978 trip will emphasize the his-tory and archeology of the Maya, andwill include Tula, Tepotzotlân,Tlatelolco, Teotihuacân, the NationalMuséum, Palenque, the muséum andOlmec sculpture garden at Villaher-mosa. Dzibilchaltûn, Kabah, Uxmal,Labna', Sayil, Chichén Itzâ, and theCaves of Balancanche complète theagenda. A somewhat more strenuoustrip to Guatemala is planned for March.Information on both is available fromthe Extension Division, Center for Continuing Education, at the University.— Carol MeyerArt at the Renaissance SocietyThe oldest gallery on the Universitycampus is the Renaissance Society's inGoodspeed Hall. Tucked away in a quietcorner of a quiet quad, the Society'sshows generate a steady, if low-key,stream of visitors until the annual Artfor Young Collectors' sale. Then hordesof enthusiastic buyers, browsers, andcollectors congregate to examine asplendidly eclectic mix of art ranging inprice from S 5 to S 5, 000.This year's sale begins November 18and continues through Thanksgiving toDecember 11. Some 3,000 paintings,drawings, graphies, photographs, andpièces of sculpture are available. Thecollection represents choice sélectionsfrom twenty-five galleries in Chicagoand beyond.The Society's gallery is open from 11AM to 4 PM daily and from 1 1 AM to 8PM on Mondays and Thursdays duringthe An for Young Collectors' sale. It ison the corner of 59th Street and EllisAvenue, on the first floor of GoodspeedHall. Admission is free. This is the thirty-first Young Collectors' sale; the Renaissance Society itselfwas founded in 1915.A Dogon granary door (Africa) is one of theart abjects offered at the A rt for Young Collectors' sale. Glorious Royal RumpusHis Royal Highness, the Prince ofWales, visited the University on Octo-ber 19- Prince Charles' time on the campus was spent mostly in the company ofstudents; he lunched with 230 under-graduates, chatted with 60 fromBurton-Judson Courts, and the 12 en-gaged in research with Professor AlbertCrewe in the scanning électron microscope laboratory. He was accompaniedby 18 of the 21 Student Aides, a groupappointed each year by the Président foracadémie and other distinctions.Eric Bu'ether, one of the studentaides, was assigned escort duty. "Iwalked with him from the Nuclear Energy statue to Swift Hall, and my job wasto answer questions and keep him frombeing mauled. As it was, I stepped on hisfeet several times, myself. During theluncheon, the Prince asked me and JeffEvans (another aide) if the food wasalways that good; I told him he could eatwith me the following day in thecafétéria and décide."In addition to two students, PrésidentJohn T. Wilson and Mrs. Wilson, withJonathan Z. Smith, dean of the Collègeand Mrs. Smith, made up the Prince'sluncheon table. Student Karen HellerDétail from one of the old Stagg Field gâtes, a gift — as indicated — of the Class of 1912.The gâtes were dedicated at the October 8 homecoming game, a U C win, 21-14-8Prince Charles tours the quadrangles surrounded by students, admirers, and security.said, proudly, "I hâve his name card — hewrote on the back of it."While a visit from the British heir apparent necessarily brings with it certainpomp and ceremony, the Universitymustered a variety of pomp of its own.For instance, on his arrivai at Ida NoyésHall for lunch, the Prince was heraldedby the pealing of the 72-bell LauraSpelman Rockefeller carillon in Rocke-feller Chapel tower. The UniversityBrass Society, meanwhile, played a fanfare from a balcony over the front doorof Ida Noyés Hall.H.R.H.'s party dined under seven-foot banners; one, bearing the coat ofarms of the Prince of Wales; the other,the seal of the University. Around thewalls, ostrich plumes nodded gentlyfrom small gold crowns. This, the Pr-ince's badge of office, bears a mottowhich reads "Ich Dien" (I serve). Thèsewere alternated with the red dragons ofWales with definite royal blue toenails.Linda James, MFA 77, who paintedail the décorations at the luncheon, metthe Prince afterwards. "He said the ban-ner and badges were 'Brilliant, abso-lutely brilliant;' he told me I got every-thing right and he even counted the littleballs on the coat of arms!" (There are15.) "He asked about my work. I think Isaid some obtuse things because I wascaught off-guard," she added.At ail the Prince's stopping placesgathered troops of spectators, hordes of press photographers, and several students holding "Free Ireland" placards.Said the Prince, "What is a universitywithout a reasoned body of protest?"At the Enrico Fermi and James FranckInstitutes building, Albert Crewe, deanof the Division of the Physical Sciences,observed that the Prince's main interestwas talking with- students. Said MarkSogard, a postdoctoral student, "Hespoke with about half the people hère,and asked what things cost." "He seemed," said Crewe, "genuinelyinterested and was impressed that wehâve working hère a mixture of physi-cists, biophysicists, and students in theMD program. He also claimed I had anAmerican accent!" Crewe was born inBradford, Yorkshire, England.At University Théâtre, the Princefound director Nick Rudall in mid-soliquy during a "Butley" rehearsal. Setdesigner Linda Buchanan, who sneakedinto the Théâtre through a back door,said, "The Prince asked me if the scen-ery stayed the same for ail the shows; Itold him we build it for each one. Hemust hâve thought we always do Shakespeare."After touring Reynolds Club andmeeting the change-ringers, the Prince'sparty walked through the Quadranglesto Bond Chapel where University or-ganist Edward Mondello was practicing.The tour ended with tea in the SwiftHall common room.Coordinating pomp for such occasionsis hard work. For example, how doesone signal the carilloneur to ring theRockefeller Chapel bells?"Simple," said Mignon Hickman, administrative assistant for Chapel ac-tivities. "Just before the Prince arrived, aStudent Aide telephoned me hère in theoffice, and I then grabbed my hat, ranout on the lawn beneath the carillontower, and waved frantically at RobertLodine in the tower room parapet doorto begin. We rise," she said smiling, "tothe occasion."Président John T. Wilson présents the Prince with a pièce of graphite from the first nuclearpile. Mrs. Wilson is at left.9The Monkey's Taie10The story of the Chinese epic narrative, Thejourney to tbe West, is that of themonk Hsùan-tsang (596-664) and of his pilgrimage to acquire Buddhist scrip-tures from India.He was neither the first or the last of a large Company of clerics and devoutlaymen who, for five centuries, undertook the perilous and lengthy journey toseek the Dharma in the West. But because of Hsuàn-tsang's sixteen years oftravels and his amazing achievements as a pilgrim, scholar, and translator, he isone of the most revered religious heroes in Chinese history.For almost a millennium, the exploits and adventures of this historical figurehâve been celebrated in oral, written, and iconographie accounts. The onehundred-chapter Hsi-yu chi (literally, The Record of the Westward Journey), firstpublished in the late sixteenth century, is first a climactic présentation of mate-rials derived from nearly a thousand years of story-telling; second, a capaciousexpansion of both old and new thèmes and motifs; and third, a créative synthe-sis of différent cycles of the Hsùah-tsang — also known as Tripitaka — legends.Thèse combine religious allegory with romance, fantasy, and satire.In the twentieth century, this enormously popular narrative has been trans-lated into various European and Oriental languages. It reached the Englishreader primarily in Arthur Waley's highly abridged Monkey, Folk Novel ofChina (1943). The excerpt presented hère is from a new édition. It is the firstcomplète, annotated translation in English, scheduled to be published in fourvolumes by the University of Chicago Press. Volume I was released in May,1977; Volume II, which contains "The Cadaver Démon. . ." will be released inAutumn 1978.The popularity of the following épisode is seen in the many stage andvaudeville adaptations in China and in the extensive représentations found insuch folk art as paper and wood cuts, embroidery, and cartoons. Even the lateMao Tse-tung wrote a poem on this particular segment oiThe Journey to theWest.The illustrations for this excerpt are by Chao Hung-pen and Chien Hsiao-taifor a children's édition, "Monkey Subdues the White-Bone Démon," (1973).It is published by Foreign Languages Press, Peking. Its introduction notesthat, while the drawings are in the traditional Chinese style, the charactersappear in operatic costumes "which add to the legendary atmosphère of thestory."Anthony C. YuAs the story unfolds, Hsiïan-tsang (or Tripitaka in the narrative, after the three canons of Buddhist scriptures whichthe monk is commis sioned to acquire from Buddha) under-takes his immense journey in the company of three disciples.Sun Wu-k'ung, probably one of the most well-known andbeloved figures in Chinese literature, is the monkey, who hasprodigious intelligence, courage, wit, and talent.Born of a stone egg at a mythical Flouer-Fruit Mountain,Wu-k'ung is taught the process of physiological alchemythrough which he not only attains immortality but also vastmagie powers. His ambition, however, grows with his abili-ties. Farly in the narrative, he has succeeded in creating suchunending turmoil in Heaven (including an attempt to usurpthe Jade Emperor's throne) that he has to be subdued bySâkyamuni, the Buddha himself. The monkey is imprisonedfor five hundred years under a mountain until the arrivai ofthe human monk, and after his release he joins the pilgrim-age to the West.The two fellow-pilgrims of Wu-k'ung are also celestialrenegades. Formerly a naval commander in Heaven, ChuWu-neng, nicknamed Pa-chieh (Eight Prohibitions) andIdiot, is banished to Earth for getting drunk during a ban quet and assaulting the Goddess of the Moon. A wrong tumon his way to incarnation has turned him into a half human, half pig character. Sensual, slothful, and endowedwith an almost insatiable appetite, he is easily the mostmémorable comic person in the narrative.The third disciple, Sha Wu-ching orSha Monk, was oncethe Curtain-Raising Captain in the Celestial Palace butwas sent into exile at the River of Flowing Sand for minoroffenses. Like Pa-chieh, he was converted by the BodhisattvaKuan-yin (Goddess ofMercy) and told to serve Tripitaka onthe journey as a means of atoning for his pas t.The pilgrimage is marked by a séries of assaults on thehuman monk by ogres and démons and of his deliverance byhis disciples with assistance from Buddhist and Taoist déifies. The following excerpt is taken from one of the mostwidely-read épisodes: Sun Wu-k'ung's threefold attack of theWhite-Bone Spirit. It is a portion of the narrative which setsforth Wu-k'ung's loyalty, prowess, and vision on the onehand, and the human Tripitaka' s lack of perception on theother. Tripitaka' s succumbing to the slanderous suasions ofthe pig, in fact, results in the banishment of monkey-the firstof several similar incidents in the narrative. Though thelatter will rejoin the pilgrimage, his return does not takeplace until the master and the two remaining disciples arecompletely defeated by the demonic forces they meet on theirway and are in mortal danger of losing their lives.FROM THE JOURNEY TO THE WEST, Vol. II, by Anthony C. Yu,to be published in September 1978 by The University of Chicago Press.O 7977 by The University of Chicago. Ail rights reserved.The Cadaver Démon three timesmakes fun of Tripitaka T'ang;In spite the holy monk banishes theHandsome Monkey King.We tell now about Tripitaka and his disciples, who tookto the road and soon came upon a tall mountain. "Disciples," said Tripitaka, "the mountain ahead appears tobe rugged and steep, and I fear that the horse may notbe able to proceed so easily. Everyone of you should becareful." "Hâve no fear, Master," said Pilgrim. "Weknow how to take care of everything." Dear MonkeyKing! He led the way; carrying his rod horizontallyacross both his shoulders, he opened up a mountainpath and led them up to a tall cliff. They sawPeaks and summits in rows;Streams and canyons meandrous;Tigers and wolves running in packs;Deer and fallow-deer walking in flocks;Countless musks and boars massed together;A mountain swarming with foxes and hares.The huge python of a thousand feet;12The long snake of ten thousand feet.The huge python blew out awful mists;The long snake belched dreadful air.By the road thorns and thistles sprawled unending;On the peak pines and cedars grew resplendent.Wild hemps and creepers filled their eyes;Fragrant plants reached up to the sky.Light descended from the northern pôle;Clouds parted at the south pôle star.Ten thousand fathoms of mountain holding old,primai breath;A thousand peaks stood augustly in the cold sunlight.The elder on the horse became fearful, but our GreatSage Sun was ready to show off his abilities. Wieldingthe iron rod, he let out such a fearful cry that wolves andserpents retreated, that tigers and léopards took flight.Master and disciples thus journeyed into the mountain.As they reached the summit, Tripitaka said, "Wu-k'ung,we've been traveling for almost a day, and I'm gettinghungry. Go somewhere and beg some vegetarian foodfor me." "Master, you aren't very smart!" said Pilgrim,attempting to placate him with a smile. "We are in themiddle of a mountain, with no village in sight ahead ofus nor any inn behind us. Even if we had money, there'sno place for us to buy anything. Where do you want meto go to find vegetarian food?" Irritated, Tripitaka beganto berate his disciple. "You ape!" he cried. "Don't youremember what sort of condition you were in at theMountain of Two Frontiers? Pinned down by Tathâgatain that stone box, you could move your mouth but notyour feet, and you owed it to me for saving your life.Now that you hâve become my disciple by having yourhead touched and receiving the commandments, whyare you not willing to exert yourself a bit more? Why areyou always so lazy?" "Your disciple," said Pilgrim, "hasbeen rather diligent. Since when hâve I been lazy?" "Ifyou are that diligent," said Tripitaka, "why don't you goand beg me some vegetarian food? How can I journey ifI am hungry? Moreover, this mountain is filled withpestilential vapors, and if I become ill, how can I hope toreach Thunderclap?" "Master," said Pilgrim, "pleasedon't get upset. No more words. I know that yours is aproud and haughty nature. A little offense and you willrecite that Old-time Sûtra! Dismount and rest awhile.Let me find out whether there's any family for me to begsome vegetarian food."With a bound, Pilgrim leapt up to the edge of theclouds. Using his hand to shade his eyes, he peered ailaround. Alas! The journey to the West was a lonelyjourney, one with neither villages nor hamlets. The factof the matter was that there were abundant trees and shrubbery, but there was no sign of human habitation.Having looked around for some time, Pilgrim saw to-ward the south a tall mountain, where on the easternslope there seemed to be some tiny specks of red. Low-ering his cloud, Pilgrim said, "Master, there's somethingto eat." The elder asked what it was, and Pilgrim said,"There's no household hère for me to beg for rice. Butthere's a stretch of red on a mountain south of hère, andI suppose that must be ripe mountain peaches. Let mego and pick a few for you to eat." Delighted, Tripitakasaid, "For a person who has left the family to hâvepeaches is already the highest blessing!" Pilgrim tookthe alms bowl and mounted the auspicious luminosity.Look at that brilliant somersault, with cold vapor trail-ing! In an instant, he was heading straight for thepeaches on the south mountain, and we shall speak nomore of him for the moment.Now, the proverb says:A tall mountain will always hâve monsters;A rugged peak will always produce fiends.In this mountain there was indeed a monster-spirit, whowas disturbed by the Great Sage Sun's departure. Tread-ing dark wind, she came through the clouds and foundthe elder sittingon the ground. "What luck! What luck!"she said, unable to contain her delight. "For severalyears my relatives hâve been talking about a T'ang monkfrom the Land of the East going to fetch the Great Vehi-cle. He is actually the incarnation of the Gold Cicada,and he has the original body which has gone through theprocess of self-cultivation during ten previous existences. If a man eats a pièce of his flesh, his âge will beimmeasurably lengthened. So, this monk has at last ar-rived today!" The monster was about to go down toseize Tripitaka when she saw two great warriors standing guard on either side of the elder, and that stoppedher from drawing near. Now, who could thèse warriorsbe, you ask? They were, of course, Pa-chieh and ShaMonk. Pa-chieh and Sha Monk, you see, might not hâvegreat abilities, but after ail, Pa-chieh was the Marshal ofHeavenly Reeds and Sha Monk was the GreatCurtain-Raising Captain. Their authority had not beencompletely eroded, and that was why the monster darednot approach them. Instead, the monster said to herself,"Let me make fun of them a bit, and see what happens."Dear monster! She lowered her dark wind into thefold of the mountain, and with one shake of her body,she changed into a girl with a face like the moon andfeatures like flowers. One cannot begin to describe thebright eyes and the élégant brows, the white teeth andthe red lips. Holding in her left hand a blue sandstonepot and in her right a green porcelain vase, she walkedfrom west to east, heading straight for the T'ang monk.13The sage monk resting his horse on the cliffSaw ail at once a young girl drawing near:Slender hands hugged by gently swaying greensleeves;Tiny feet exposed beneath a skirt of Hunan silk.Perspiring her face seemed flower bedewed;Dust grazed her moth-brows like willows held bymist.And as he stared intently with his eyes,She seemed to be walking right up to his side.When Tripitaka saw her, he called out: "Pa-chieh, ShaMonk, just now Wu-k'ung said that this is an un-inhabited région. But isn't that a human being who iswalking over there?" "Master," said Pa'chieh, "you sithère with Sha Monk. Let old Hog go take a look." Put-ting down his muck-rake and pulling down his shirt, ourIdiot tried to affect the airs of a gentleman and went tomeet her face to face. Well, it was as the proverb says:You can't détermine the truth from afar.You can see clearly when you go near.The girl's appearance was something to behold!Ice-white skin hides jade-like bones;Her collar reveals a milk-white bosom.Willow brows gather dark green hues;Almond eyes shine like silver stars.Her features like the moon are coy;Her natural disposition is pure.Her body's like the willow-nested swallow;Her voice's like the woods' singing oriole.A half-opened hai-t'ang1 caressed by the morningsun.A newly-bloomed peonia displaying her charm.When Idiot saw how pretty she was, his wordly mindwas aroused and he could not refrain from babbling."Lady Bodhisattva!" he cried. "Where are you going?What's that you are holding in your hands?" This wasclearly a fiend, but he could not recognize her! The girlimmediately answered him, saying "Elder, what I hâvein the blue pot is fragrant rice made from wine cakes,and there's fried wheat gluten in the green vase. I camehère for no other reason than to redeem my vow offeeding monks." When Pa-chieh heard thèse words, hewas very pleased. Spinning around, he ran like a hogmaddened by plague to report to Tripitaka, crying,"Master! 'The good man will hâve Heaven's reward!'Because you are hungry, you ask Elder Brother to gobeg for some vegetarian food. But we really don't knowwhere that ape has gone to pick his peaches and hâve hisfun! If you eat too many peaches, you are liable to feel abit stuffed and gaseous anyway! Take a look instead.Isn't that someone coming to feed the monks?" "Coolie,you're just clowning!" said an unbelieving T'ang monk. "We've been traveling ail this time and we haven't evenrun into a good person! Where is this person who'scoming to feed the monks?" "Master," said Pa-chieh,"isn't this the one?"When Tripitaka saw the girl, he jumped up and foldedhis hands. "Lady Bodhisattva," he said, "where is yourhome? What sort of family is yours? What kind of vowhâve you made that you hâve to come hère to feed themonks?" This was clearly a fiend, but our elder couldnot recognize her either! When that monster heard theT'ang monk asking after her background, she at onceresorted to falsehood. With clever, specious words, shetried to deceive her interrogator, saying, "Master, thismountain, which turns back serpents and frightens wildbeasts, bears the name of White Tiger. My home islocated due west of hère. My parents, still living, arefréquent readers of sûtras and keen on doing goodworks. They hâve fed liberally the monks who come tous from near or afar. Because my parents had no son,they prayed to the gods, and I was born. They wouldhâve liked to marry me off to a noble family, but wary ofhelplessness in their old âge, they took in a son-in-lawl-iinstead, so that they would be cared for till they die."Hearing this, Tripitaka said, "Lady Bodhisattva, yourspeech is rather improper! The sage classic says, 'Whilefather and mother are alive, one does not travel abroad;or if one does, goes only to those places one regularlyvisits.'2 If your parents are still living, and if they hâvetaken in a husband for you, then your man should hâvebeen the one sent to redeem your vow. Why do youwalk about the mountain ail by yourself? You don'teven hâve an attendant to accompany you. That's notvery becoming of a woman!" Smiling broadly, the girlquickly tried to placate him with more clever words."Master," she said, "my husband is at the northern foldof this mountain, leading a few workers to plow thefields. This happens to be the lunch I prepared for themto eat. Since ours is a poor family, we hâve no servants;and as my parents are getting old, I hâve to run theerrand myself. Meeting you three distant travelers isquite by accident, but when I think of my parents' inclination to do good deeds, I would like very much touse this rice as food for monks. If you don't regard thisas unworthy of you, please accept this modest offering.""My goodness! My goodness!" said Tripitaka. "I hâve adisciple who has gone to pick some fruits, and he's dueback any moment. I dare not eat. For if I, a monk, wereto eat your rice, your husband would scold you when hehad knowledge of it. Will it then not be the fault of thispoor monk?" When that girl saw the T'ang monk refuseto take the food, she smiled even more seductively andsaid, "O Master! My parents, who love to feed themonks, are not even as zealous as my husband. For hisentire life is devoted to the construction of bridges andthe repairing of roads, to révérence for the aged and pityfor the poor. If he heard that the rice was given to feedMaster, his affection for me as his wife would increasemanyfold." Tripitaka, however, simply refused to eat,and Pa-chieh on one side became utterly exasperated.Pouting, our Idiot grumbled to himself: "There arecountless priests in the world, but none is more wishy-washy than this old priest of ours! Hères ready-maderice, and three portions to boot! But he will not eat it.He has to wait for that monkey' s return and the ricedivided into four portions before he'll eat." Withoutpermitting further discussion, he pushed over the potwith one shove of his snout and was about to begin.Look at our Pilgrim! Having picked several peachesfrom the mountain peak in the south, he came hurtlingback with a single somersault, holding the alms bowl inhis hand. When he opened wide his fiery eyes and dia-mond pupils to take a look, he recognized that the girlwas a monster. He put down the bowl, pulled out hisiron rod, and was about to bring it down hard on the monster's head. The elder was so aghast that he pulledhis disciple back with his hands. "Wu-k'ung," he cried,"whom hâve you come back to hit?" "Master," said Pilgrim, "don't regard this girl in front of you as a goodperson. She's a monster, and she has come to deceiveyou." "Monkey," said Tripitaka, "you used to possess ameasure of true discernment. How is it that you aretalking nonsense today? This Lady Bodhisattva is sokind that she wants to feed me with her rice. Why doyou say that she's a monster?" "Master," said Pilgrimwith a laugh, "how could you know about this? When Iwas a monster back at the Water-Curtain Cave, I wouldact like this if I wanted to eat human flesh. I wouldchange myself into gold or silver, a lonely building, aharmless drunk, or a beautiful woman. Anyonefeeble-minded enough to be attracted by me, I wouldlure him back to the cave. There I would enjoy him as Ipleased, by steaming or boiling. If I couldn't finish himoff in one meal, I would dry the leftovers in the sun tokeep for overcast days. Master, if I had returned a littlelater, you would hâve fallen into her trap and beenharmed by her." That T'ang monk, however, simply refused to believe thèse words; he kept saying instead thatthe woman was a good person."Master," said Pilgrim, "I think I know what's happening. Your worldly mind must hâve been aroused by thesight of this woman's beauty. If you do hâve the désire,why not ask Pa-chieh to eut some timber and Sha Monkto find us some grass. 1*11 be the carpenter and build youa little hut right hère where you can consummate theaffair with her. We can each go our own way then.Wouldn't that be the thing to do? Why bother to under-take such a long journey to fetch the scriptures?" Theelder, you see, was a rather tame and gentle person. Hewas so embarrassed by thèse few words that his wholebald head turned red from ear to ear.As Tripitaka was struck dumb by his shame, Pilgrim'stemper flared again. Wielding his iron rod, he aimed it atthe monster's face and delivered a terrifie blow. Thefiend, however, had a few tricks of her own. She knewthe magie of Liberation through the Corpse.3 When shesaw Pilgrim's rod coming at her, she roused her spirit andleft, leaving behind the corpse of her body struck deadon the ground. Shaking with terror, the elder mumbled,"This ape is so unruly, so obdurate! Despite my re-peated pleadings, he still takes human life withoutcause." "Don't be offended, Master," said Pilgrim, "justcome see for yourself what kind of things are in thepot." Sha Monk led the elder near to take a look. Thefragrant rice made from wine cakes was nowhere to befound; there was instead a potful of large maggots withlong tails. There was no fried wheat gluten either, but al5.few frogs and ugly toads were hopping ail over theplace. The elder was about to think that there might bethirty percent truthfulness in Pilgrim's words, but Pa-chieh would not let his own resentment subside. Hebegan to east aspersions on his companion, saying,"Master, this woman, come to think of it, happens to bea farm girl of this area. Because she had to take somelunch to the fields, she met us on the way. How couldshe be adjudged a monster? That rod of Elder Brother isquite heavy, you know. He came back and wanted to tryhis hand on her, not anticipating that one blow wouldkill her. He's afraid that you might recite that so-calledTight-Fillet Spell, and that's why he's using some sort ofmagie to hoodwink you. It's he who has caused thèsethings to appear, just to befuddle you so that you won'trecite the spell."This single speech of Pa-chieh, alas, spelled disasterfor Tripitaka! Believing the slanderous suasion of ourIdiot, he made the magie sign with his hand and recitedthe spell. At once Pilgrim began to scream: "My head!My head! Stop reciting! Stop reciting! If you've gotsomething to say, say it." "What do I hâve to say!" saidthe T'ang monk. "Those who hâve left the family mustdefer to people every time, must cherish kindness inevery thought. They must 'Keep ants out of harm's waywhen they sweep the floor, and put shades on lamps forthe love of moths.' And you, you practice violence withevery step! Since you hâve beaten to death this innocentcommoner, what good will it be even if you were to goto acquire the scriptures? You might as well go back.""Master," said Pilgrim, "where do you want me to goback to?" The T'ang monk said, "I don't want you as mydisciple." "If you dont want me as your disciple," saidPilgrim, "I fear that you may not make it on your way tothe Western Heaven." "My life is in the care ofHeaven," said the T'ang monk. "If it's ordained that Ishould be food for the monster, even if I were to besteamed or boiled, it's ail right with me. Furthermore,do you think really that you hâve the power to deliverme from the great limit? Go back quickly!" "Master,"said Pilgrim, "it's ail right for me to go back, but I hâvenot yet repaid your kindness." "What kindness hâve Ishown you?" said the T'ang monk. When the Great Sageheard this, he knelt down immediately and kowtowed,saying, "Because old Monkey brought great disruptionto the Celestial Palace, he incurred for himself the fatalordeal of being clamped by Buddha beneath the Mountain of Two Frontiers. I was indebted to the BodhisattvaKuan-yin who gave me the commandments, and to Master who gave me freedom. If I don't go up to the Western Heaven with you, it will mean that IKnowing kindness without repaying am no princely man.Mine will be fo rêver an infamous name."Now the T'ang monk, after ail, is a compassionate holymonk. When he saw Pilgrim pleading so piteously withhim, he changed his mind and said, "In that case, I * IIforgive you this time. Don't you dare be unruly again. Ifyou work violence again like before, 1*11 recite this spellback and forth for twenty times." "You may recite itthirty times," said Pilgrim, "but I won't hit anyoneagain." Helping the T'ang monk to mount the horse, hethen presented the peaches which he picked. The T'angmonk indeed ate a few of the peaches on the horse torelieve momentarily his hunger.We now tell you about the monster who got away byrising up into the sky. That one blow of Pilgrim's rod,you see, did not kill her for she fled by sending away herspirit. Standing on top of the clouds, she gnashed herteeth at Pilgrim, saying spitefully to herself, "The lastfew years I hâve heard nothing but people talking abouthis abilities, but I've discovered today that his is not afalse réputation. Already deceived by me, the T'angmonk was about to eat the rice. If he had just loweredhis head and taken one whiff of it, I would hâve grabbedhim and he would hâve been ail mine. Little did I antic-ipate that this other fellow would return and bust up mybusiness. What's more, I almost received a blow fromhis rod. If I had let this monk get away, I would hâvelabored in vain. I'm going back down there to make funof him once more."Dear monster! Lowering the direction of her darkcloud, she dropped into the fold of the mountain furtherahead and changed with one shake of her body into awoman eighty years old, having in her hands a bamboocane with a curved handle. She headed toward the pil-grims, weeping each step of the way. When Pa-chiehsaw her, he was horrified. "Master," he said, "it's terrible! That old dame approaching us is looking for some-one." "Looking for whom?" said the T'ang monk. Pa-chieh said, "The girl slain by Elder Brother has to be thedaughter. This one must be the mother looking for her.""Stop talking nonsense, Brother," said Pilgrim. "Thatgirl was about eighteen, but this woman is at leasteighty. How could she still bear children when she wassixty some years old? She's unreal! Let old Monkey gohâve a look." Dear Pilgrim! In big strides he walkedforward to look at the monster, whoChanged falsely into an old dame,With temples white as snow.She walked ever so slowlyWith steps both small and sluggish.Her frail body was very thin;Her face, a leaf dried and wilted.16Her cheek bones jutted upward;Her lips curled downward and out.Old âge is not quite like the time of youth:The face is wrinkled like lotus leaves.Recognizing the monster, Pilgrim did not even botherto wait for any discussion; he lifted up the rod andstruck at the head at once. When the monster saw theuplifted rod, she again exercised her magie and her spiritrose into the air, leaving behind again the corpse of herbody struck dead beside the road. The sight so fright-ened the T'ang monk that he fell from his horse. Lyingon the road, he did not speak another word except torecite the Tight-Fillet Spell back and forth for exactlyrwenty times. Alas, poor Pilgrim's head was reduced toan hourglass-shaped gourd! As the pain was truly un-bearable, he had to roll up to the T'ang monk and plead:"Master, please don't recite anymore. Say what you hâveto say." "What's there to say?" said the T'ang monk."Those who hâve left the family will listen to the wordsof virtue to avoid falling into Hell. I hâve tried my bestto enlighten you with admonition. Why do you persistin doing violence? You hâve beaten to death one com-moner after another. How do you explain this?" "She's a monster," said Pilgrim. The T'ang monk said, "Thismonkey is babbling nonsense! You tell me that thereare that many monsters! You are a person lacking anywill to do good, one who is only bent on evil. You bettergo." "Master," said Pilgrim, "are you sending me awayagain? Ail right, 111 go back. But there's somethingwhich I find disagreeable." "What's there that you finddisagreeable?" said the T'ang monk. "Master," said Pa-chieh, "he wants you to divide up the luggage with him!You think he wants to go back empty-handed after fol-lowing you as a monk ail this time? Why don't you seewhether you hâve any old shirt or tattered hat in yourwrap there and give him a couple of pièces."When Pilgrim heard thèse words, he became so in-censed that he jumped up and down, crying, "Youloud-mouthed overstuffed coolie! Ever since old Monkey embraced the teachings of the Gâte of Sand, he hadnever displayed the least bit of envy or greed. What areyou talking about, dividing up the luggage?" "If youshow neither envy nor greed," said the T'ang monk,"why don't you leave?" "To tell you the truth, Master,"said Pilgrim, "when old Monkey lived at the Water-Curtain Cave of the Flower-Fruit Mountain fivehundred years ago, he was hero enough to receive thesubmission of the démons of seventy-rwo caves and tocommand forty-seven thousand little fiends. I was quitea man then: wearing on my head a purple gold cap, tyingaround my waist a jade belt, having on my feet a pair ofcloud-treading shoes, and holding in my hands the compilant golden-hooped rod. But ever since Nirvana de-livered me from my sins, when with my hair shorn Iembraced the truth in the Gâte of Sand and followedyou as your disciple, I had this gold fillet clamped on myhead. If I go back like this, I can't face the folks at home.If Master doesn't want me any more, please recite theLoose-Fillet Spell so that I may get rid of this thing frommy head and return it to you. 1*11 find that most pleasantand agreeable then. After ail, I hâve followed you ail thistime, and I want people to hâve some idea of our goodrelationship." Greatly taken aback, the T'ang monk said,"Wu-k'ung, I only received in secret from theBodhisattva the Tight-Fillet Spell at the time. There wasno Loose-Fillet Spell." "If there was no Loose-FilletSpell," said Pilgrim, "then you better still take mealong." The elder had no alternative but to say, "Youbetter get up. 1*11 forgive you one more time, but youmust not do violence again." "I won't dare do so," saidPilgrim, "I won't dare do so," He helped his master tomount up once more and then led the way forward.We now tell you about that monster who, you see,had not been killed by Pilgrim's second blow either. Inmid-air, the fiend could not refrain from praising her17opponent, saying, "Marvelous Monkey King! What perception! He could recognize me even when I hadchanged into that form! Thèse monks are moving onrather quickly; another forty miles westward beyond themountain and they will leave my domain. If some démons or fiends of another région pick them up, peoplewould laugh till their mouths crack up, and I would eatmy heart out! Fil go down and make fun of them onemore time." Dear Monster! Lowering the dark windagain into the fold of the mountain, she shook her bodyand changed herself into an old man. Truly he hadFlowing white hair like P'êng Tsu's,4And beard more frosty than the Age Star's.A jade stone3 rang in his ears,And gold stars flashed in his eyes.Holding a curved dragon-head cane,He wore a light crane's-down cloak.Grasping in his hands some beads,He chanted a Buddhist sûtra.When the T'ang monk on his horse saw this old man, hewas very pleased. "Amitâbha!" he cried. "The West istruly a blessed région! This dear old man can hardlywalk, but he still wants to recite the sûtras!" "Master,"said Pa-chieh, "stop praising him. He's the root of disaster!" "What do you mean the root of disaster?" saidthe T'ang monk. Pa-chieh said, "Elder Brother killed hisdaughter as well as his wife, and now you see this oldman groping his way hère. If we run smack into him,Master, you'U pay with your life since you are guilty ofdeath. Old Hog is your follower, so he'll be banished toserve in the army; Sha Monk carries out your orders, sohe'll be sentenced to hard labor. But our Elder Brother,of course, will use some kind of escape magie to getaway. Now, won't that leave the three of us hère to takethe blâme for him?"Hearing this, Pilgrim said, "This root of idiocy! Won'tthis kind of absurdity alarm our master? Let old Monkeygo and hâve another look." He put away his rod andwent forward to meet the fiend. "Aged Sir," he called,"where are you going? Why are you walking and recitinga sûtra as well?" Our monster this time somehow mis-read, as it were, the balance of the steelyard, and shethought that Great Sage Sun was after ail an ordinaryfellow. Hence she said, "Elder, this old man has livedhère for générations. My whole life is devoted to doinggood and feeding the monks, to reading scriptures andchanting sûtras. Fate did not give me a boy, and I hadonly a girl for whom I took in a son-in-law. This morn-ing she went off to take rice down to the fields, and wefear that she might hâve been made food for the tigerinstead. My old wife went searching for her, but she,too, did not return. In fact, I hâve absolutely no idea what has happened to them. That's why this old mancame seeking to see if they hâve been harmed in anyway. If so, I hâve little alternative but to take back theirbones and hâve them buried properly in our ancestralsite." "I'm the ancester in pulling pranks!" said Pilgrimlaughing. "How dare you sneak up on me and try todeceive me with something up your sleeve? You can'tfool me. I can see that you are a monster." The monsterwas so startled that she could not utter another word.Wielding his rod, Pilgrim was about to strike, but hesaid to himself: "If I don't hit her, she's going to pullsome trick again, but if I hit her, I fear that Master willrecite that spell again." He thought to himself somemore: "But if I don't kill her, she can grab Master themoment she has the opportunity, and then I'U hâve tomake ail that effort to save him. I'd better strike! Oneblow will kill her, but Master will surely recite that spell.Well, the proverb says: 'Even the vicious tiger will notdevour its own.' I hâve to use my éloquence, my dexter-ous tongue, to convince him, that's ail." Dear GreatSage! He recited a spell himself and summoned the localspirit and the mountain god, saying to them, "This monster made fun of my master three times. This time I'mgoing to make sure 1*11 kill her, but you must stand guardin the air. Don't let her get away." When the deitiesheard this command, neither dared disobey it, and theyboth stood guard on the edge of the clouds. Our GreatSage lifted up this rod and struck down the démon,whose spiritual light was extinguished only then.The T'ang monk on the horse was again so horrifiedby what he saw that he could not even utter a word, butPa-chieh on one side snickered and said, "Dear Pilgrim!His delirium is acting up again! He has journeyed foronly half a day and he has slaughtered three persons!"The T'ang monk was about to recite the spell whenPilgrim dashed up to the horse, crying, "Master! Don'trecite! Don't recite! Just come and take a look at howshe looks now." There was in front of them a pile offlour-white skeletal bones. "Wu-k'ung," said the T'angmonk, greatly shaken, "this person has just died. Howcould she change ail at once into a skeleton?" Pilgrimsaid, "She's a demonic and pernicious cadaver, out toseduce and harm people. When she was killed by me,she revealed her true form. You can see for yourselfthat there's a row of characters on her spine; she's calledThe White-Bone Lady.' " When the T'ang monk heardwhat he said, he was about to believe him, but Pa-chiehwould not desist from slander. "Master," said he, "hishand's heavy and his rod, vicious. He has beaten some-one to death, but fearing your récital, he deliberatelychanged her into something like this just be befuddleyou."18Indeed a shilly-shally person, the T'ang monk be-lieved Pa-chieh once more and started his récital. Un-able to bear the pain, Pilgrim could only kneel besidethe road and cry, "Don't recite! Don't recite! If you hâvesomething to say, say it quickly," "Monkey head!" saidthe T'ang monk. "What's there to say? The virtuousdeeds of those having left the family should be like grassin a garden of spring: though their growth is invisible,they multiply daily. But he who practices evil is like awhetstone: though its ruin is invisible, it diminishesdaily. You manage to get away even after beating todeath altogether three persons only because there's noone hère to oppose you, to take you to task in thèsedesolate wilds. But suppose when we get to a crowdedcity and ail of a sudden you start hitting people regard-less of good or ill with that mourning staff ofyours, howwould I be able to go free from that kind of great mis-fortune caused by you? You better go back." "Master,"said Pilgrim, "you hâve really wronged me. This is un-deniably a monstrous spirit, bent on hurting you. I hâvehelped you to ward off danger by killing her, but youcan't see it. You believe instead those sarcastic and slan-derous remarks of Idiot to such an extent that you try toget rid of me several times. The proverb says, 'Anythingcan't repeat itself three times!' If I don't leave you, 111be a base and shameless fellow. 1*11 go! 1*11 go! It's no bigdeal, in fact, for me to leave, but then you will hâve noman to serve you." Turning angry, the T'ang monk said,"This brazen ape is becoming even more unruly. So youthink that you are the only man around hère? Wu-nêngand Wu-ching, they are not men?"When the Great Sage heard this statement about theother two disciples, he was so deeply hurt that he couldnot but say to the T'ang monk, "O misery! Think of thetime when Liu Po-ch'in was your companion as you leftCh'ang-an. After you delivered me from the Mountainof Two Frontiers and made me your disciple, I did pen-trate ancient caves and invade deep forests to capturedémons and defeat monsters. I was the one who, havingexperienced countless difficulties, subdued Pa-chiehand acquired Sha Monk. Today, 'banishing Wisdom justto court Folly,' you want me to go back. That's how it is:'When the birds vanish, the bow is stored; when thehares perish, the dogs are cooked.'6 Ail right! ail right!There's only one thing left for us to settle, and that's theTight-Fillet Spell." The T'ang monk said, "I won't recitethat again." "That's hard to say," said Pilgrim. "For whenthe time cornes for you to face those treacherous démons and bitter ordeals, and when you, because Pa-chieh and Sha Monk cannot rescue you, think of me andcannot stop yourself from reciting it, 1*11 hâve aheadache even if I'm one hundred thousand miles away. I'U hâve to come back to see you, so why don't you letthis matter drop now."When the T'ang monk saw that Pilgrim was so long-winded, he became angrier still. Rolling down from hishorse, he told Sha Monk to take out from one of thewraps paper and brush. Fetching some water from abrook nearby and rubbing out some ink with an ink-slabon a rock, he wrote at once a letter of banishment.Handing it over to Pilgrim, he said, "Monkey head!Take this as a certificate. Ill never want you as a disciple.If I ever consent to see you again, let me fall into theAvici Hell!"7 Taking the letter of banishment, Pilgrimsaid quickly, "Master, no need to swear. Old Monkeywill leave." He folded up the letter and put it in hissleeve. Attempting once more to placate the T'angmonk, he said, "Master, I hâve followed you after ail forail this time because of the Bodhisattva's instructions.Today I hâve to quit in mid-journey and am not able toattain the meritorious fruit. Please take a seat and let mebow to you, so that I hâve leave in peace." T'ang monkturned his back and refused to reply, mumbling only20"I'm a good priest, and I won't take the salutation of anevil man like you!" When the Great Sage saw that theT'ang monk refused to answer, he resorted to the magieof the Body beyond the Body. Pulling off three piècesof hair behind his head, he blew on them a magie breathand cried, "Change!" They changed at once into threePilgrims, who along with himself surrounded the masteron ail four sides. The master tried to turn left and right,but he was unable to dodge anymore and had to receivea bow from one of them.Jumping up, the Great Sage shook his body and re-trieved his hair. Then he gave the following instructionto Sha Monk, saying, "Worthy Brother, you are a goodman. Do be careful, however, that you dont listen tothe foolish nonsense of Pa-chieh. You must also exercise caution on the journey. If there should be a timewhen a monster catches hold of Master, you just say thatold Monkey happens to be his senior disciple. Whenthose clumsy fiends of the West get wind of my abilities,they'll not dare to harm my master." "I'm a good priest,"said the T'ang monk, "and 1*11 never mention the nameof an evil man like you. Go back." When the Great Sagesaw that the elder simply refused to change his mind, hehad no alternative but to leave. Look at him:In tears he kowtowed to part with the priest;In grief he took care to instruct Sha Monk.He used his head to dig up the meadow's grassAnd both feet to kick up the ground's rattan.Like a wheel spinning he entered Heav'n and Earth,Most able to overleap mountains and seas.Ail at once he completely disappeared;In no time he left on the way he came.Look at him! He suppressed his outrage and took leaveof his master by mounting the cloud somersault to headstraight for the Water-Curtain Cave of the Flower-FruitMountain. As he was traveling, alone and dejected, hesuddenly heard the roar of water. The Great Sagepaused in midair to look and discovered that it was thehigh tide of the Great Eastern Océan. The moment hesaw this, he thought of the T'ang monk and could notrestrain the tears from rolling down his cheeks. Hestopped his cloud and stayed there for a long time before proceeding. We do not know what will happen tohim as he goes away, and you must listen to the explana-tion in the next chapter.Anthony C. Yu is an associate professor in the DivinitySchool and in the Department ofFar Eastern Languages andCivilizations. Notes1. Hai-t'ang: Malus balliana.2. Analects, 4. 19.3. Liberation through the corpse: shih-chieh, or the deliver-ance from the corpse. According to Joseph Needham, Scienceand Civilization in China (Cambridge, England, 1954) 2, 141,"représentations of the hsien, often in the form of featheredmen, are not uncommon in Han art. One's body might appearto be left behind in the coffin, but it would be only a simulac-rum feigned by an object such as a sword or a pièce of bam-boo, which had previously been prepared with spécial rites.This was called the 'deliverance of the corpse' (shih chieh), orthe 'transmutation of the hun-soul' (lien hun). The process wasthought of as similar to insect metamorphosis." He furthernotes in Volume 5, pt. 2, 106 that the distinction betweent'ien-hsien (celestial immortals) a.ndti-hsien (earthly immortals)arose quite early. "AIready in +20 Huan Than named fivecatégories of spiritual beings. The mid +3rd-century ThaïShang Ling-Pao Wu Fit Ching lays great emphasis on thienhsien (empyreal immortals) as if to affirm their superiority. KoHung wrote in the Pao Phu Tzu book:The manuals of the immortals say that masters of thehighest category (shang shih) are able to raise themselveshigh up into the aery void (chii hsing shêng hsii): thèse arecalled 'celestial immortals (thien hsien)' . Those of the second category (chung shih) resort to the famous mountains(and forests) and are called 'terrestrial immortals (tihsien)'. As for those of the third category (hsia shih) theysimply slough off the body after death, and they are calledCorpse-free immortals (shih chieh hsien).' "For stories of persons who had attained immortality by depart-ing in their spirits and leaving behind their bodies, see theYu-yang tsa-tsu, chiian 2;T'ai-p'ing kuang-chi, chiian 58, 360.4. P'êng Tsu: the Methuselah of China, he was an officiai inthe reign of the legendary King Yao (ca. 2357-2255 B.C.),and he was supposed to hâve lived for over 800 years.5. Jade stone: the ch'ing or sonorous stone.6. When the birds vanish ... : a slightly abbreviated formof a famous statement attributed to Fan Li, who used it to warnhis friend, Chung, about the character of King Kou-chien ofthe State of Yùeh in the Warring States Period (468-221B.C.). After Kou-chien defeated his rival, Kng Fu-ch'a of theState of Wu, he demanded the suicide of a minister like Chungwho served him faithfully and helped him come to power.Hence the statement is often used to describe ingratitude. Seethe Shih Chi, chiian 21.7. Avlci Hell: the deepest layer of Buddhist Hell.The Volume II translation was completed during the tenure ofa Guggenheim Fellowship. The translation of Volumes III andIV will be funded by a three-year grant from the NationalEndowment for the Humanities Fellowship.21". . . the University cannot purchase thepélican mentioned in your letter . . ."^élections from the Présidents* ^PapersI would assume that very few of us hâve paused towonder — as we sort our morning mail — about the nature of the correspondence addressed to the présidentsof the University over the past eighty-five years. It is,after ail, only a burning concern for those actively in-volved in the University's administration and — after adécent interval — to those responsible for preserving thehistorical records of this institution. Most of us, if wethink of it at ail, no doubt imagine such correspondenceto deal primarily with the weighty and sensitive mattersof running The University of Chicago which are seem-ingly remote from our daily lives.It may come as something of a surprise, therefore, tolearn that those who open the President's mail hâvemore than once been confronted with the ridiculous aswell as the sublime. In order to illustrate this admittedlysingular type of correspondence, the staff of the Magazine has chosen some letters addressed to PrésidentsWilliam Rainey Harper and Harry Pratt Judson fromthe Présidents' file in the University Archives and hasasked me to provide some brief commentary.The founding of The University of Chicago in 1891attracted considérable attention. Its founder, John D.Rockefeller, was one of the country's wealthiest men.Its président, William Rainey Harper, was a noted bibli-cal scholar who had attracted a distinguished faculty topursue académie excellence in what was still very muchthe frontier. Lacking the educational amenities of theprésent, it made perfect sensé to the perplexed and the curious to take pen in hand and address their inquiriesto the head of this distinguished institution. If the sub-ject was deemed sufficiently serious (or curious), if it fellwithin the President's area of expertise, and if timepermitted, the Président himself answered the letter orpassed it on to departmental chairmen such asneurologist C. Judson Herrick or psychologist James R.Angell. Lesser queries, so to speak, were answered bythat faculty member who also served as Secretary to thePrésident. As the following replies indicate, historianFrancis W. Shepardson and English professor Henry P.Chandler developed something of a flair for respondingto unusual communications.Although most of thèse letters deal with educationalmatters (broadly defined), others, perhaps sufferingunder the persistent delusion that the University's finan-cial resources were unlimited, wrote to offer for saleobjects — and occasionally insights — presumably rich inmeaning for a community of scholars.Hère, exhibiting the diverse concerns of their authorsand the patient good humor of the récipients, are theletters to speak for themselves.Albert M. Tannler is a member of the staff of Spécial Collections, Regenstein Library. He is the author of One In Spirit:A Rétrospective View of The University of ChicagoBased on the Records of the University Archives (TheUniversity of Chicago Library, 1973).22ArtifactsSeptember 11, 1902Dear Sir:I hâve a mounted Pélican when killed weighed 20pounds, measured 10 feet from tip to tip of wings. Colorwhite with the exception of the secondary feathers ofthe wings which are black.Mounted in a standing position wings folded.Taxidermist fées for mounting $12. If you can use thebird please make a reasonable offer and send for pictureof same.Yours very truly,Fred Harrington about 50 ft. high, in Brush Creek, Jackson County, Missouri in March 1900. I hâve had it on free exhibition inmany southern cities and more than one-half millionhâve seen it. I would like to sell it to some muséum as Iam a poor man with a large family, and need the money.If you can dispose of it for me, I shall be thankful. Thisskull is on exhibition hère in our Art Muséum at theSoldiers Home where I live. Hoping to hear from you. 1remain,Very respectfully,Harry O. WestCo. N. Military HomeKansasEducationMr. Fred HarringtonWichita Falls, TexasMy dear Sir:I regret that the University cannot purchase the pélican mentioned in your letter of récent date.Very truly yours,F.W. ShepardsonSecretary to thePrésidentFebruary 13, 1903W & R HancockBelfast, IrelandGentlemen:The University of Chicago does not care to be con-sidered in connection with the Prehistoric Canoëmentioned in your letter of January 30th.Yours truly,F.W. ShepardsonSecretary to thePrésidentJuly 6, 1906Dear Sir:I hâve a solid petrified Human Head, weight 25 lbs.and estimated by Prof. Samuel T. Langley to be 50,000years old. I found it where it had fallen out of a bluff May 22, 1901Dear Mr. Harper,In référence to Mrs. Norton's course at the LabSchool, why not call it "The Eléments of Chemistry?"I am unable to fathom the object anyone can hâve ingiving a course amounting to about a sixth of a highschool course in chemistry. I présume that Universitycrédit is not to be given for any of thèse courses.I hâve wondered why so much University work isduplicated in petto.I nearly fainted when the last paragraph announcedthat "Beginning French" was to be used to "correlatecooking, manual training, sewing, gardening, and art"while the grammar is to be used only in "enhancing thethought."Sincerely yours,Alexander SmithThe University ofChicagoMy dear Mr. Smith:I think your suggestion concerning Mrs. Norton'scourse may be a good one. I think also that those whohâve been engaged in the work of teaching teachersought to be somewhat careful in view of their inabilityto understand ail that is involved in the teaching outside.I do not understand that University work is being duplicated. Thèse students are to take their chemistry, if they23wish chemistry, in the University. The course that youhâve in mind is in no sensé a substitute.I hâve read of persons fainting on very small occasions. For example, after eating ice cream. I am there -fore, not disturbed at your récent attempt in that direction in connection with the announcement of beginningFrench courses; but as you grow older, I am sure youwill grow stronger.Very truly yours,W.R. Harper instead of a woman. I présume that the impersonation ofliberty in the form of a woman has come down to usthrough many years, and for this reason the femalefigure has been used rather than that of the maie, asrepresenting perhaps the personification of certaingrâces which may be supposed to belong to the gêneraiidea of liberty.Very truly yours,F. W. ShepardsonSecretary to thePrésidentMiss J.E. HamandSchaller, Iowa January 19, 1904Dear Madam:The University does not hâve a School of VeterinaryScience and we hâve no expert on the docking of horsestails who could give you an opinion of value.Yours truly,W. R. HarperMay 28, 1904Mr. John M. WilkLapone, Ind.My dear Sir:I can only tell you what I do with my own children. Iplace them in kindergarten at four years of âge. I myselfwas able to read when I was five. I do not think there isany danger in this.Yours very truly,W. R. HarperJune 16, 1902Mr. G. T. Lichter229 W. I4th StreetChicagoDear Sir:Replying to your question, I know of no reason why astatue of liberty should not be represented by a man March 10, 1910Professor James Taft HatfieldNorthwestern UniversityEvanston-Chicago, IllinoisMy dear Sir:Your favor of the 9th inst. is received. I hâve writtento a friend from whom I think I can obtain something inthe way of a club introduction in London. At the sametime I am a little puzzled to understand why a man onhis wedding trip should want a card to a club. Doubtlessyou can answer that question better than I can.Cordially yours,Harry Pratt JudsonMarch 5, 1917Mr. I. A. WatsonTekoa, Wn.Dear Sir:Your letter of the 26th of February, addressed toPrésident Judson, had been referred by him to me forreply, for he says that he thinks that this falls in my Unerather than his.There is no évidence that the maie brain is morehighly efficient than the female brain. The range of variation in size and pattern is, as you suggest, so great thatno final conclusions can be drawn from such compari-sons. The différences in internai structure are probablyfar more important than différences in size and surfacepattern; but as yet we hâve no adéquate technique forthe proper comparison of thèse différences in structure.Between maie and female brains, the différences in sizeare probably not very significant. It is probably true thatthere are significant structural différences between thebrains of men and women; but it would be impossiblefor me to define thèse precisely. And even thèse dif-24ferences would not imply that one is superior to theother. They are efficient in différent ways.I would agrée that the real problem is the practicalone of making the maximum use of what is given us towork with, and my observation in teaching both menand women is that neither can claim any originalsuperiority over the other, though their native endow-ments in gênerai are différent.Very sincerely yours,Judson HerrickDepartment ofNeurologyLamb's TonguesLambs' TonguesLamb TonguesLambs Tongues September 11, 1901Mr. F. O. WitzigmanRhodes, IowaMy dear Sir:I do not know of any period in the history of Palestinewhen there was no rain for seventeen hundred years.There is no historical record of this event.Yours very truly,W. R. HarperJune 15, 1904Dear Sir:We hâve had a discussion as to which of the followingis correct:Lamb's TonguesLambs' TonguesLamb TonguesLambs TonguesWill you kindly advise the writer which of the above iscorrect? We are packing several tongues in a can and theabove question arose on preparing a label for the same.Yours truly,LIBBY, McNEIL &LIBBY.Packers and Preserversof Méats.Mr. J. B. ThomasLibby, McNeil & LibbyUnion Stock Yards, ChicagoMy dear Sir:Of the four forms which you submit for a label onyour cans I should say that the second one, "Lambs'Tongues," was correct. The first was clearly a nounrather than an adjective and so would be in the pluralnumber, on the same principle that we say cow's milkinstead of cow milk.Yours truly,H. P. ChandlerSecretary to thePrésident25~) "I agrée with you that 'Orbon' is a ratherpromising name for a townLfelBJune 12, 1906Dr. W. C. Brinkerhoff1107 Steinway HallChicagoMy dear Sir:I agrée with you that "Orbon" is rather a promisingname for a town, first because it is brief, second becauseit is original, and third because its etymology is auspici-ous. This you will realize is a very hasty opinion. I am sopressed with work at the présent time that I am not ableto give to the question very much thought.Yours very truly,F. W. ShepardsonSecretary to thePrésidentNovember 25, 1901Dear Sir:I hâve this day written to the Chicago Tribune a letterbased on a reported discussion at the University ofChicago on the relation of seership to epilepsy.I hâve been for many years a seer. At night I am neverunconscious but always seeing in the Vision of God —knowing myself to be dreaming and receiving instruction; interpreting some portion of Scripture and knowing that it is from the mind and consciousness of theLiving God. I proved last summer in my summer HomeSchool of Lake Geneva that this subject is contagious,students coming together from différent parts of the world hâve received visions that were clearly connectedwith the subject for which I was seeking illumination.I should be glad if the University of Chicago wouldtake up this matter. Will you appoint two or three per-sons (subject also to my approval) to investigate thesubject? They must be both scientific and religious-open-minded and sincerely hospitable to further life andknowledge. I should require them to sleep in my homeat Evanston several nights in succession; to read a portion of Scripture of my sélection before retiring and tofaithfully report to the public whatever they may expérience.I write this because it seems to me that this is a subject of vast import and worthy of the investigation of agreat university.Trusting you will give it your earnest and friendlyconsidération, I amYours most truly,George ChaineyMy dear Président Harper:I fear the Department of Psychology cannot arrangeto test Mr. Chainey's beds for the necessary period.I would respectfully recommend that the matter bereferred to the members of Divinity-Faculty most interested in prophecy.James R. AngellProf., Head ofthe Department ofPsychology26The University of ChicagoALUMNI FUNDMD ANNUALPORT 1 976-77In the following spécial section, the Alumni Fund présents itssecond annual report. The report covers the period of July 1,1976 to June 30, 1977, and also includes comparative statisticsfrom previous years.The four professional schools, which operate independentalumni funds, again report on their progress.This report also recognizes those individuals who dévoteconsidérable time each year to the University as volunteers forthe Alumni Fund. The efforts of the people listed hère, and ofthose who worked with them around the country, are the pri-mary reasons the Fund continues to grow and contribute sosignificantly to the quality of teaching and research at TheUniversity of Chicago.The University of Chicago, and the volunteer leadership ofthe Alumni Fund, thank you for your past generosity and encourage your continued support in the months ahead. Alumni . . .our greatestendowment.Alumni Fund Giving, 1976-77 Donors DollarsAlumni 9,838 $ 876,013Friends 318 340,895Corporate Matching Gifts 47,225Total 10,156 $1,264,1332"1 977-78 YEAR ©F TH1MPAIGNFor Chicago,I will! When you read this, the 1977-78 Alumni Fund drive will be in full swing.Again, as in récent years, our objectives are ambitious. This is the year whenail alumni are being asked to participate in the Campaign for Chicago. In hisOctober message to alumni, John T. Wilson explained why the University hadembarked on this Campaign, what a successful Campaign would mean to theUniversity's future, and how important increased annual giving was in termsof meeting the goals of the Campaign. My most récent letter to you stressedthe value of your individual gifts, whether they be $100 or $1,000, and theimpact they can hâve on the life of the University. Together, I hope thèseexplanations hâve convinced you that a spécial, and hopefully larger, contribution to the University this year, in particular, is a valuable investment inquality.Based on last year's results, we hâve every reason to be confident that the1977-78 goal of $1.45 million will be met. In my message in last year's annualreport, I expressed the opinion that alumni didn't need a challenge to showthe University they cared about its future. Alumni Fund contributors provedme right by giving $1.26 million in 1976-77, $100,000 more than in 1975 whenthe Andersons made their challenge gift. This is a good base of support onwhich to launch the new drive, and with the strong case made by John Wilsonfor support of the Fund, we are optimistic that our goal will be met.The only distressing note as I review last year's results is the décline in thenumber of contributors to the Fund. Support of the University is the businessof ail alumni. Consistent support by each alum year after year means that theUniversity can plan for the future with confidence. In our 1977-78 campaign, Ilook forward to welcoming back ail of last year's donors, and to seeing manynew names on the roll as well.This is not the first time alumni hâve been asked to participate in a spécialcampaign. In fact, it has happened several times, the first occasion being1925. I recently had the opportunity to read the March 1925 issue of TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine. In It, Ernest D. Burton, the University's thirdPrésident, issued this "Call to Arms:"Let us ail do our part and hearten one another with amutual enthusiasm and with a generous dévotion to theAima Mater. That "knowledge may grow and life beenriched," let us adopt the motto that is illuminatedupon the walls of Bartlett gymnasium, and that hasinspired our athlètes in many a hard-fought contest,"For Chicago, I will!"While such a motto may be trite by today's standards, its basic message isstill appropriate. The University of Chicago has played an important part ineach of our lives. Each of us should feel a spécial commitment to help thisUniversity maintain its prominent rôle in American higher éducation.Please join with those who hâve already made a pledge to the Campaign forChicago. And thank you for your continuing interest in The University ofChicago.Emmett Dedmon AB'39National ChairmanAlumni Fund28The Alumni FundThe purpose of the Alumni Fund is to raise unrestrictedfunds which can be used to meet the gênerai operatingcosts of the University. Thèse unrestricted funds aregiven by alumni and friends of the University, personallyor through family foundations. Gifts from corporationswhich match employées' contributions are also receivedand counted in the Alumni Fund totals. Ail moniescounted in Alumni Fund totals are totally unrestricted, orrestricted only as to area (i.e. Collège, Physical Sciences,Library, etc.)Thèse totals do not include money contributed to theGraduate School of Business Alumni Fund, the Fund for the Law School, the Médical Alumni Fund and the Schoolof Social Service Administration Alumni Fund. Also notincluded are gifts restricted for spécifie purposes such asspécial scholarship funds, research projects or pro-fessorships.Last year, the Alumni Fund switched to an académieyear calendar. Annual drives are launched July 1 andconclude June 30 of the following year. For comparativepurposes, we hâve listed below the results of the lastthree Alumni Fund drives: académie year 1976-77, andcalendar years 1975 and 1974.AlumniFriendsCorporateMatchingTotal Académie Year1976-77Donors Dollars9,838 $876,013318 340,89547,22510,156 $1,264,133 Calendar Year1975Donors Dollars10,529 $937,385271 188,45841,50810,800 $1,167,351 Calendar Year1974Donors Dollars9,220 $558,408207 169,23125,7309,427 $753,369IORAL SCHOOLALUMNI FUNDGraduate School of Business Alumni FundTotal DollarsNumber of Donors 1976 1975 1974$411,151 $424,064 $307,1152,865 3,308 2,607The Nineteenth Annual Alumni Fund for the GraduateSchool of Business confirmed the high regard the Schoolenjoys among its alumni and friends. The 1976 Fund sus-tained the record growth realized in 1975 and finished astrong 34% ahead of the dollar totals for 1974. Thoughalumni participation fell four points to 21%, larger indi-vidual contributions helped the Fund keep pace overall.Several high points of the 1976 campaign deserve particular notice. The Dean's Fund enrolled a record 94members in the course of raising $163,468 for the School. The Company Groups Program grew from 78 to122 participants. Individual company chairmen, who sol-icited 3,168 alumni colleagues, added an impressive$115,835 to the 1976 Fund.The fine réponse to the 1976 Alumni Fund is a soundindication of the School's underlying strength. Chicagohas set a standard for business éducation and research. Iam confident that graduâtes in increasing numbers willjoin those who already recognize and support this veryspécial place.John P. Gallagher MBA'47National ChairmanGraduate School of Business Alumni Fund 1976Médical Alumni Fund1976 1975 1974Total Dollars $293,113 $408,526 $217,485Number of Donors 1,916 1,721 1,701This has been our second most successful fund-raisingdrive with last year being the best. $97,444 of our totalswere unrestricted funds, $51,854 were for student aid,and $143,815 were for other purposes as designated bythe donor.Most gratifying this year was the increase in donorsand alumni participation. Almost 200 new donors joinedthe ranks of supporters, and alumni participation in- creased from 34% to 38%.On behalf of the Médical Center and the MédicalAlumni Association, I want to thank ail of our alumni whomade gifts in 1976 and ail the class chairmen who volun-teered time writing and telephoning colleagues in behalfof the school. The School's excellence dépends uponcontinued alumni support.Asher J. Finkel MD'48Président1976-77 Médical Alumni Association30The Fund for the Law School1976 1975 1974Total Dollars $443,039 $437,652 $352,572Number of Donors 1,856 1,803 1,785The year-end totals of the 1976 Fund for the Law Schoolattest to the continued respect and affection accordedthe School by its graduâtes. Thèse past two years hâveseen this expression of good will and loyalty in both in-creased numbers of donors and in the dollars raised. Inview of the unprecedented support the year beforeprompted by the Anderson Challenge, the 1 976 figures areremarkable. The success we hâve before us dépends upon a large number of graduâtes who take in handmany tasks. And so to them we do give our thanks.As the Law School moves forward we must increaseour support to insure the financial flexibility necessary topréserve its pre-eminent tradition of service to the profession, to scholarship, and to the wider community. TheSchool's continued excellence requires no less.Thomas H. Alcock JD'32Edward W. Saunders JD'42William Achenbach JD'67National Co-Chairmen, 1975-1976The Fund for the Law SchoolSchool of Social Service Administration Alumni Fund1976 1975 1974Total Dollars $107,157 $89,454 $65,637Number of Donors 1,408 1,640 1,587In 1976 the SSA Alumni Fund completed its most out-standing fund-raising year in 26 years with a 21% increase in dollars over 1975. Larger gifts from manyalumni and sustained annual commitments from some31% of our alumni made this increase possible.A nation-wide organization of volunteers conductedpersonal solicitations in some forty cities. The dedicationof thèse volunteers and the response to their efforts illus-trate the sensé among our alumni that the distinction of SSA must be preserved and enhanced.Dean Harold A. Richman responded to the strongalumni support behind the Fund. "It will help us maintainour commitment to student aid, strengthen our cur-riculum, and continue our significant research projects."It is my pleasure to thank ail our donors. In our présentstrengths must lie our future growth; both présent andfuture are made possible through alumni support.Alton A. Linford AM'38, PhD'47Dean EmeritusNational ChairmanSSA Alumni Fund, 197631ANNUAL GIVINGVOLUNTUR ACTIVITYAnnual Giving volunteers, more than 1,400 of themacross the country, well know the meaning of the phrase,Time is money." Each year, they give generously of theirtime to help organize local events, enlist new volunteers,and eventually ask their fellow alumni, in person, byphone, or by letter, to contribute to the Fund. Their timemeans more money for The University of Chicago. Results of volunteer efforts are sometimes obvious, as whena city with a new volunteer organization gets 50% moredonors than it has ever had before. At other times, thebenefits of a strong volunteer force are best seen overtime. The Alumni Funds steady growth in both dollarsand donors over the years can be ascribed directly tohard work by volunteer leaders and their committeesnationwide.The President's Fund, which recognizes donors of$1000 or more, has nearly doubled in size in the pastthree years. Much of the crédit for this increase goes toRobert J. Greenebaum, AB'39, Chairman of the Fundsince 1975, and a small, diligent group of President'sFund volunteers. Their enthusiasm and dedication hasbeen exceptional. The new President's Fund Chairman,Charles E. Swanson, MBA'56, is heading up a nationwideeffort to enlarge the Fund's membership. With the continued assistance of President's Fund volunteers, he hasevery reason to expect success.John T. Wilson, recognizing the importance of thèseendeavors, remarked in a spécial message to ail volunteers who helped with last year's drive that, "The loyaltyand support of our volunteers is vital to our efforts tokeep The University of Chicago running on a sound fiscalbasis." We are very grateful to ail who spend time to raisemoney for the Alumni Fund. The chairman of the President's Fund and the chairmen of the Alumni Fund's seventy local committees serveon the National Alumni Fund Board. The Board meets oncampus every year to review the Fund's progress and tohelp plan future activities. Then, each Board member re-turns to his or her community to direct local solicitationefforts.The information which the Board brings back to campus is tremendously helpful to the Alumni Fund staff. Atits October meeting, the Board strongly recommendedthat donors to the Campaign be given spécial récognition, and voted to provide funds to purchase the posterswhich are now being offered to new Century Fund mem-bers and to those Century Fund members from last yearwho increase their gifts in response to the Campaign (seepage 37).The Executive Committee of the National Alumni FundBoard meets every spring to consider and make re-commendations to the Fund Board at large on major pol-icy questions which hâve long term impact on the AlumniFund. In addition to the National Chairman of the AlumniFund, the membership includes the Chairman of thePresident's Fund, city chairmen for Chicago, Los Angeles,New York, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. (wherethe University has its largest concentrations of alumni),and représentatives from the other régions of thecountry.This broadly représentative Executive Committeekeeps in close touch with ail segments of the alumniand serves as the liaison between the University and itsvolunteer groups.We list below the current and life members of theNational Alumni Fund Board with deep appréciation fortheir valuable contribution to the University.The National Alumni Fund BoardNational Chairman — Emmett Dedmon ab 39Executive CommitteeRoger P. Bernhardt ab'61 Midwestern Régional Chairman, St. LouisRoland E. Brandel jd'66 San Francisco City ChairmanAnita J. Brickell ab'75, mba'76 New York City Co-ChairmanMark C. Brickell ab'74 New York City Co-ChairmanDavid J. Harris, Jr. ab'35 Chicago City ChairmanJohn F. O'Keefe, Jr. mba'62 Los Angeles City ChairmanCarol Powell ab'66 Western Régional Chairman, DenverReed Reynolds, Jr. mba'67 Mideastern Régional Chairman, Northwest IndianaCharles E. Swanson mba'56 President's Fund ChairmanJoseph C. Swidler PhB'29, jd'30 Washington, D.C. City ChairmanArnold L. Tanis PhB'47, sb'49, md'51 Southern Régional Chairman, Broward County, FloridaLynda Wheaton ab'64 Eastern Régional Chairman, Boston^2Life MembersWilliam N. Flory ab'48 Elizabeth Milius phB'28Michael Greenebaum PhB'24 Robert F. Picken am'33Benjamin E. Mays ab'25, PhD'35 Joseph R. Thomas PhB'20Joseph A. Whitlow ab'39National Alumni Fund Board Members(Ail of the above plus)Gary A. Ahrens ab'70 Cedar Rapids/lowa CityRachel Anderson ab'39 ChampaignRoss Ardrey ab'63 SeattleBrunswick Bagdon phB'32 AtlantaGregory P. Balbierz ab'72, am'73 ClevelandWilliam E. Barnard ab'47 ChicagoArthur H. Baum PhB'35 Fairfield County, CTF. Willard Bennett x'72 New OrléansAllen Bobroff PhD'58 Grand RapidsEthel Bobroff am'49 Grand RapidsRobert A. Brawer phD'70 New YorkRobert L. Buck x'42 ChicagoAlbie D. Burke am'58, am'65, phD'68 Los AngelesAllen V. Butterworth sm'49 DétroitDonald E. Clark mba'74 RockfordJewel Coleman x'41 Washington, D.C.Marjorie Cooper ab'27 San FranciscoRobert E. Dalton sb'59 Palm BeachHendrik De Jong ab'66, jd'69 MinneapolisMarion L. DeLeo sb'66 RochesterNaomi Devoe ab'42 ChicagoGeorge T. Donoghue, Jr. ab'38, jd'38 ChicagoKeith E. Eastin jd'76 HoustonJ. Eric Engstrom jd'69 WichitaRobert M. Feerick mba'72 MilwaukeeDavid L. Fisher sb'42 Long IslandPaul A. Florian III mba'42 ChicagoLouise Forsyth PhB'30 San DiegoLoutz H. Gage am'47 Los AngelesEverett George ab'36 DallasBelle Goldstrich PhB'34 MiamiM. Glenn Harding phB'21 BaltimorePaul R. Harris, Jr. mba'55 AkronSara Harris ab'41 AlbanyDavid N. Hartman am'57 Los AngelesKeith E. Hatter ab'35 San DiegoJack B. Jacobs ab'64 WilmingtonGregory W. Jordan mba'67 Hartford/New HavenDee M. Kilpatrick PhD'69 Ann ArborThomas D. Kitch jd'69 Wichita Michael L. Klowden ab'67 Los AngelesPatricia Klowden ab'67 Los AngelesRobert E. Ledbetter, Jr. db'44, phD'50 AustinKenneth Léonard ab'60, mba'66 CincinnatiJ. Clifford Lewis mba'69 ColumbusEva Lichtenberg ab'52, am'55, PhD'60 ChicagoThayer C. Lindauer ab'61, jd'63 PhoenixQuentin Ludgin ab'57 Washington, D.C.F. Richard Lyford ab'66 Des MoinesMaurice S. Mandel ab'56, ab'57 Long IslandRichard L. Mandel ab'64 PhiladelphiaEva M. Mass ab'45 Westchester County, NYRita McCulloh ab'36 San FranciscoDonald L. McGee jd'66 San FranciscoRobert P. McNamee ab'41, jd'47 San FranciscoAlbert W. Meyer sb'27, phD'30 Northern New JerseyLorna A. Middendorf am'61 DétroitJames I. Myers jd'67 BuffaloLeopold Myslicki ab'37 TucsonLouise Palmer ab'41 Washington, D.C.Sally Pelizonni am'41 TulsaAnne Petersen ab'66, sm'72, pho'73 ChicagoDouglas L. Petersen ab'67, ThM'69 ChicagoDavid M. Rieth jd'72 Tampa/St. PetersburgHenry L. Rohs sb'32 KalamazooHarold F. Rosenbaum ab'53, mba'55 ChicagoFrederick E. Samson, Jr. sb'48, PhD'52 Kansas CityClifford R. J. Schaible mba'51 DaytonGeorge J. Schenk mba'69 PortlandMarcia S. Schiff ab'70 Albuquerque/Santa FeWilliam J. Schmul, Jr. mba'72 South BendDaniel M. Seifer phB'32 ToledoJérôme M. Sivesind ab'38 San FranciscoHarry B. Sondheim ab'54, jd'57 Los AngelesBetty Speck ab'40, am'49 Washington, D.C.Eugène Streicher PhD'53 Washington, D.C.Léonard F. Swec sb'40, sm'43 Northern New JerseyLinnea Vacca am'69 South BendDavid M. Zimberoff mba'59 Los AngelesBarbara Zimmer ab'49 Indianapolis33Hère is a breakdown of Alumni Fund and total alumni giving on a city-by-city basis for the 1976-77 Fund Year. With your help we look forward toseeing higher numbers for the 1977-78 Fund Year.1976-77 Alumni Giving to The University of ChicagoAlumni Fund Total AlumniPart. Part.City Chairman Donors Dollars Rate Donors Dollars RateAkron/Kent OH Paul Harris 20 $ 1,055 15.6% 44 $ 2,870 21 .7%Albany NY Sara Harris 78 5,137 37.7% 83 5,617 33.6%Albuquerque NM Marcia Schiff 21 1,210 20.0% 28 2,205 17.7%Ann Arbor Ml Dee Kilpatrick 42 2,265 19.0% 70 5,008 22.1%Atlanta GA Brunswick Bagdon 68 2,930 25.2% 98 5,093 23.2%Austin TX Robert Ledbetter 35 960 25.9% 45 1,538 24.9%Baltimore MD M. Glenn Harding 105 5,511 32.9% 150 7,624 31 .6%Birmingham/Montgomery AL 14 590 20.6% 23 1,080 15.8%Boston MA Lynda Wheaton 249 10,981 23.0% 347 24,015 22.3%Broward County FL Bud Tanis 52 2,238 40.0% 73 5,373 34.9%Buffalo NY Jim Myers 27 940 18.5% 44 3,033 20.3%Cedar Rapids IA 19 1,097 16.7% 39 2,527 23.1%Champaign IL Rachel Anderson 51 1,747 26.0% 69 2,832 25.8%Chicago IL David J. Harris 2,630 295,623 18.2% 5,876 2,233,052 24.4%Cincinnati OH Ken Léonard 46 1,443 20.9% 90 5,143 23.3%Cleveland OH Virginia Kuper 57 1,915 17.0% 109 5,553 19.9%Columbus OH J. Clifford Lewis 41 2,245 18.4% 72 5,318 22.3%Dallas TX Everett George 65 9,483 24.4% 107 31,195 24.5%Dayton OH 12 300 13.5% 30 2,670 18.1%Denver CO Carol Powell 128 5,796 23.6% 200 10,419 23.7%Des Moines IA Dick Lyford 26 860 19.1% 49 5,385 24.1%Détroit Ml Allen Butterworth/Lorna Middendorf 106 4,874 26.9% 172 20,005 27.3%Grand Rapids Ml Allen and Ethel Bobroff 36 1,495 20.3% 65 4,405 24.7%Hartford/New Haven CT Charles Edwards 106 4,387 21.5% 161 8,155 22.5%Honolulu Hl 31 1,160 18.3% 58 3,253 19.9%Houston TX 48 2,445 23.1% 82 6,840 21 .8%Indianapolis IN Barbara Zimmer 61 1,913 27.0% 104 4,969 28.7%Ithaca NY 11 735 12.4% 16 1,118 16.0%Alumni Fund city totals reflect alumni gifts which are totally unrestricted orrestricted only as to area. Total Alumni Giving includes Alumni Fund gifts,professional school alumni fund gifts, and ail other gifts to the Universityfrom alumni.Alumni Fund Total AlumnPart. Part.City Chairman Donors Dollars Rate Donors Dollars RateKalamazoo Ml Henry Rohs 27 731 20.6% 42 2,041 21.2%Kansas City MO Fred Samson 68 4,127 27.9% 101 7,141 25.0%East Lansing Ml 40 1,480 22.1% 51 2,658 22.6%Lexington KY 19 413 16.0% 29 988 18.0%Los Angeles CA John O'Keefe 612 46,301 25.3% 967 91,918 25.7%Louisville KY 15 600 16.9% 32 1,262 20.0%Madison Wl 41 2,049 14.2% 68 3,744 16.6%Miami FL Belle Goldstrich 54 2,857 22.8% 91 7,502 25.1%Milwaukee Wl Gaar Steiner 88 3,485 21.1% 169 15,895 23.5%Minneapolis MN Hank DeJong 97 3,347 18.5% 188 10,706 21.7%New Orléans LA Bill Bennett 34 2,140 20.7% 50 3,275 21.1%New York NY 683 63,261 20.9% 1,152 127,079 22.2%includingNorthern New JerseyNorthwest Indiana Reed Reynolds 107 2,393 27.3% 194 8,460 29.4%Oklahoma City OK 12 462 14.1% 22 1,887 16.7%Omaha NE 20 615 13.4% 42 2,047 18.3%Orlando FL 21 755 21.6% 32 1,784 22.9%Palm Beach County FL Robert Dalton 32 2,999 26.4% 43 5,875 24.4%Peoria IL 24 3,300 16.0% 48 8,968 19.4%Philadelphia PA Richard Mandel 214 11,308 28.9% 299 19,630 27.9%Phoenix AZ Ted Lindauer 81 2,687 22.6% 132 5,921 23.0%Pittsburgh PA 61 2,629 23.6% 99 5,221 23.5%Portland OR 70 3,610 19.3% 107 11,359 19.6%Princeton NJ 49 6,436 23.1% 66 7,824 25.5%Quad Cities IL & IA 12 1,225 13.6% 26 3,950 17.1%Raleigh/Durham NC 32 985 12.8% 50 1,735 14.9%Rochester NY Marion DeLeo 62 2,540 29.0% 90 4,055 27.4%Rockford IL Ned Garst 50 4,485 30.3% 77 8,695 29.2%Sacramento CA 18 1,228 1 1 .8% 29 2,153 12.5%St. Louis MO Roger Bernhardt 74 3,192 22.6% 116 6,076 23.0%Sait Lake City UT 14 385 12.6% 32 1,268 15.5%San Antonio TX 13 525 14.8% 21 1,495 15.1%San Diego CA Louise Forsyth/John Malkind 110 7,691 23.5% 169 14,016 23.4%San Francisco CA Lee Hecht/Floyd Oatman 450 17,040 22.4% 777 56,668 24.7%Santa Fe NM Marcia Schiff 19 2,660 18.1% 23 3,738 17.7%Seattle WA Dan Ritter 120 3,915 26.0% 192 15,068 24.6%South Bend IN Linn Vacca 57 5,046 22.7% 82 60,405 23.1%Springfield IL William Boyd 34 2,715 20.7% 74 7,165 29.2%Springfield MA 17 525 13.7% 24 793 14.6%Syracuse NY 14 330 12.6% 24 1,540 15.2%Tampa/St. Petersburg FL David Rieth 79 3,477 20.7% 110 7,492 19.6%Toledo OH Daniel Seifer 27 1,385 26.0% 40 2,140 23.3%Tucson AZ Robert Firch 45 1,760 19.4% 72 4,838 22.8%Tulsa OK 26 4,054 25.5% 45 15,702 28.8%Washington D.C. Joseph Swidler/MichaelGreenebaum 576 55,025 26.0% 841 109,380 26.5%Wichita KS 12 897 16.9% 25 2,977 22.3%GRAD* 1,144 60,681 16.9% 1,988 179,280 20.1%"Grass Roots Alumni Drive: includes ail alumni outside the metropolitan areas listed above.35Unlike annual giving programs at many institutions, TheUniversity of Chicago Alumni Fund divides its prospects,not according to their year of graduation but, rather, according to their place of résidence. The following tablerecognizes those local groups of alumni who achieved the best performance in each of several catégories. Inmost cases, cities represented on this list got there because of strong volunteer committees and imaginativesolicitation programs. The hard work paid off.Cities — Over 230 Alumni Fund ProspectsHighlights— Baltimore excels in both increaseddollars and participation rates.— Big gains in big cities: Washingtonstands out in four catégories, New Yorkand Los Angeles in three each.— San Diego greatly increases dollars anddonors. Dollars Donors1 . Chicago $295,623 1 . Chicago 2,630New York GRAD* Washington, D.C.Los Angeles 6. San Francisco7. Philadelphia . .8. Boston 9. Dallas 10. San Diego .... 63,26160,68155,02546,30117,40111,30810,9819,483 GRAD* 1,144New York Los Angeles ....Washington, D.C.San Francisco . .7. Boston 8. Philadelphia 9. Denver 7,691 10. Seattle 683612576450249214128120Participation Rate %1. Baltimore 32.9% 1.2. Philadelphia 28.9% 2.3. Kansas City 27.9% 3.4. Northwest Indiana 27.3% 4.5. Détroit 26.9% 5. Increase in DollarsBaltimore 38.9%San Diego 20.0%New York 19.3%Portland 16.0%Washington, D.C 12.3% % Increase in Donors1. San Diego 15.8%2. Seattle 13.2%3. Washington, D.C 9.7%4. Los Angeles 8.7%5. Denver 8.5%'Grass Roots Alumni Drive: includes ail alumni living outside the metropolitan areas covered by Alumni Fund committees.Cities — Under 230 Alumni Fund ProspectsHighlights— Albany and Rockford rank high in ailfive catégories.— Broward County has highestparticipation rate in the country: 40%!— Santa Fe and Indianapolis attract manynew donors. Dollars DonorsPrinceton $6,436Albany 5,137Rockford 4,485Tulsa 4,054Peoria Palm Beach7. Springfield, IL 2,7158. Santa Fe 9. Rochester 10. Houston 1. Albany 782. Rochester 623. Indianapolis 614. Broward County 525. Champaign 516. Rockford 507. Princeton 492,660 8. Houston 482,540 9. Cincinnati 462,445 10. Ann Arbor 423,3002,999Participation Rate1 . Broward County 40.0%2. Albany 37.7%3. Rockford 30.3%4. Indianapolis 27.0%5. Palm Beach 26.4% % Increase in Dollars1. Princeton 112.3%2. Santa Fe 90.0%3. Peoria 80.6%4. Albany 77.0%5. Rockford 52.3% % Increase in Donors1 . Santa Fe 46.2%2. Broward County 20.9%3. Indianapolis 15.1%4. Albany 8.3%5. Rockford 4.2%Thèse figures are compiled from the 1976-77 Alumni Fund results, which reflect unrestricted gifts to the Alumni Fund.THK WEMM ©F THI CAMPAICN1 977-78Our Goal: $1,450,000 Spécial RécognitionsAt its October meeting, the National Alumni Fund Boardapproved a 1977-78 goal of $1,450,000. To reach thisgoal, the Fund will need a number of new contributors andmany increased gifts from last year's donors. Thefollowing chart shows the giving ranges of last year'scontributions to the Alumni Fund, and suggests a wayin which our 1977-78 goal can be met.The Campaign for Chicago has done much to strengthenand improve The University of Chicago. There hâve beenmany outstanding examples of generosity by many of theUniversity's alumni and friends.As we launch our effort to secure Campaign commit-ments from ail of our alumni, we do so with a great senséof gratitude for ail that has already been provided, andwith great confidence that our alumni, who are in thebest position to appreciate the value of a University ofChicago éducation, will step forward to show theirsupport for this éducation.You, our alumni, are indeed our greatest endowment.The money which you contribute year after year istremendously important to the University's budget. Last Ail alumni who increase their gift to the Century Fundlevel ($100 or more) this year will be listed in a spécialHonor Roll as a Campaign Patron, and will receive aposter of a scène from campus. Alumni Fund donorswho contributed $100 or more last year may qualify asCampaign Patrons by increasing their support this yearby any amount. Thèse donors will be accorded theirown spécial récognition in the Honor Roll, and will alsoreceive posters.The posters hâve been purchased by the NationalAlumni Fund Board to show its appréciation for alumnisupport of the Campaign.year's Alumni Fund dollars equalled the income gener-ated by $25 million of endowment, and were used by theUniversity where they were needed most.In the years to come, such annual support will continueto be of the highest utility. That is why Mr. Wilson, in hisrécent message to you, wrote that, "if ail alumni were toincrease the size of their gifts this year, as their responseto the Campaign for Chicago, the impact on the quality oféducation and research at The University of Chicagowould be significant."Your gift this year will make a significant différence.Please look at the gift chart above, and plan to increaseyour gift in support of the Campaign for Chicago.Thank you.Needed to Reach Actual Gifts$1,450,000 From Ail Sourcesin 1977-78 in 1976-77Range of Gifts No. Amount No. Amount$25,000 and over 3 90,000 2 157,35910,000-24,999 12 155,000 8 109,1865,000- 9,999 20 120,000 13 78,2322,500- 4,999 30 90,000 20 56,6411,000- 2,499 350 420,000 302 365,327500- 999 100 55,000 81 44,547250- 499 250 70,000 215 60,673100- 249 1,650 205,000 1,493 174,31350- 99 1,200 65,000 1,110 59,097Ail Others 7,385 130,000 6,912 111,533Total Alumni and Friends 11,000 1,400,000 10,156 1,216,908Corporate Matching — 50,000 — 47,225Grand Total 11,000 1,450,000 10,156 1,264,133ALUMNI . . . OUR GREATEST ENDOWMENT3^NOSTALGIAThrills Galore as Chicago and IllinoisTied in 1924: The Trail of the Référée.Great contest between Maroons andGranges team ranked by Masker as one ofthree most sensational games he ever ivitnes-\ed in his tiïenty-three years of officiating.In twenty-three years of football officiating I hâve naturally had my share ofthrilling spectacles. I am frequentlyasked to name the most spectaculargames of récent history and it is easy toreply. The games I name are thèse: ThePrinceton-Chicago game of 1922, theIllinois-Chicago game of 1924 and theOhio-Michigan game of 1926.It was my good fortune to act as référée in two of the three, the great bat-tles of 1924 and 1926. The Princeton-Chicago game, it will be recalled, ended21 to 18 in Princeton's favor, after bothteams played their hearts out. TheIllinois-Chicago battle was a tie at 21 to21 and the Ohio-Michigan duel went toMichigan by one point, 17 to 16.That Chicago-Illinois game surely wasa wonder. The Illinois team went up toChicago with a smashing victory overMichigan to its crédit. Michigan hadbeen walloped to the tune of 39 to 14,and nobody conceded Stagg's men muchof a chance even to make a respectableshowing against the mighty Illini withthe great Grange showing his skill to thebest in the conférence.Illinois is one team, however, that issure to bring out the best in whatevermaterial Chicago has. It is an old rivalryand it fiâmes to red-hot whenever thetwo teams meet. On this day CoachStagg had instilled magnificent spirit inhis men. I dont believe I ever saw suchan inspired bunch. Every man on theteam had tears in his eyes when the Maroons took their places on the field andevery last ounce of strength was ex-pended in that great Chicago attack. This was the day that made Five YardsMcCarthy a name to conjure with infootball. Illinois kicked off and thesmashing fullback almost single handedcarried the bail straight down the field tothe 4-yard line where he tumbled. Illinois recovered and kicked. ThenMcCarthy did it ail over again, this timefor a touchdown. Goal was kicked.Chicago kicked off and Illinois, in-cluding Grange, was stopped. The Maroons, led by the valiant McCarthy,again smashed into the attack and whenthe whistle blew for the quarter, the bailwas resting on Illinois' 1-yard line. Thefirst play of the second quarter meantanother touchdown and the score was 14to 0 when Curly tossed a pass for theextra point.I don't believe I hâve ever seen root-ers so delirious with joy as were theChicago supporters at the surprisingélévation of power in their team. Thestands were in tumult ail the time.The tide turned at this point, however, and it was Illinois' time to advance.The march began with the kick-off,which Illinois received, and ended onlywhen the slippery Grange sprintedaround an end for a touchdown. Passesfigured largely in the Illinois attack andChicago could not stop them. The scorewas 14 to 7 when Britton kicked goal.Illinois kicked off and once moreChicago banged its way down the field.Some variety was added to the attack byinterjection of passes, but for the mostpart it was smash, smash down to thegoal line. Harry Thomas carried the bailmuch of the time. The third Chicagotouchdown was made in short order andgoal was kicked to make it 21 to 7.Again the reversai was complète andIllinois, taking the bail on the kickoff,pushed its way steadily over the chalkmarks. Grange got off some neat runs, his backfield mates helped out andGrange again raced over for the secondIllinois touchdown. The half endedshortly after the score 21 to 14.Between halves I talked with WalterCamp about the game. He was as excitedas a freshman. He told me that never inhis long career had he seen so much offense football crowded into a single half.The third period began with the défense tighter and punts were exchanged.Illinois worked the bail to Chicago's45-yard line and Britton tried a placekick that wend wide only by inches.Chicago punted out of danger to the Illinois 20-yard line. On the next playGrange made one of the most magnificent runs I hâve ever seen. He skirtedan end, doubled back and then, takingthe course of the letter S, sped down thefield for his third touchdown. It was an80-yard gallop.That dash was a révélation to me. Itshowed what a man can do when he runswith his head as well as his feet. I followed Red down the field and kept pacewith him, which convinced me that hewas exceptionally fast.When Britton again kicked goal thescore was knotted at 21 to 21. There itremained and I don't believe that manypersons know how close both teamscame to winning in the final moments ofplay. A fraction of an inch would hâvemeant defeat or victory.With the bail on its own 15-yard line,Illinois tried a wide end run. Up poppeda penalty for holding and it was the7-yard line. Britton went back, appar-ently to kick. He threw a pass to Grangeinstead and Red waiting out on the 35-yard line nearly snagged the bail. He hada clear field, but the bail just rolled offhis finger tips. That was the last bigchance for Illinois.Chicago's opportunity was on the nextplay. This also was a pass, a short one toone of the ends. A Chicago end, rushingin to block the expected kick, spoiledthe pass. Now the point is this; if thisend had batted the bail down behind Illinois goal, which he almost did; it wouldhâve been a safety and Chicago wouldhâve won, 23 to 21. As it was, Brittonkicked out of danger. It was the nar-rowest of escapes.How could anybody forget a gamelike that?James C. Masker, référée, The Kansas CityStar, November 25, 1927.38POSTCARDFROMOLYMPUS¦B' '¦¦¦¦'¦ "'^- * Btv' ¦¦- mJonathan Z. Smith Tours the CollègeSince his appointment as Dean of theCollège July 1, Jonathan Z. Smith hasbeen examining its purposes. It has been,he says, a sort of fact finding mission todiscover "what it is we're already doing."His view of the Collège includes hisview of a "libéral éducation." Smith seesthe validity of a libéral éducation in thatit develops a capacity to "handle novelty,and make connections. It's the capacityto see reasons, to appreciate and ponderexpériences. It's the attitude you bringto something, instead of a spécifiestudy."The courses that comprise the Com-mon Core are the heart of the College'scurricular philosophy. However, Smithfeels that "the core should hâve reasonsfor itself. We must re-recognize what wehâve. If it can stand up to questions andgive its reasons, then ail power to it. Ifthe argument is 'that's the way we'vealways done it,' then that's the closestdéfinition to an un-liberal éducation I'veever heard — even if one reads Plato andthe Bible." At présent, students cansélect from a number of options within aCommon Core séquence."There was a rime when the Core wasone course," recalls Smith. "I understand the argument for and against asingle Core, for and against a hundredand ten variants, but that our présentpractice represents some Pythagoreannumber, I'm not convinced."To one who did not go to the Collège, we seem to offer so few électives.We've paid a price for our limited électives. However, the excellence of the Core is compensation for that."Smith wants to hear dialogue aboutthe Core. If faculty members' ap-proaches to éducation are so varied anddifférent, then those différences shouldresound with créative cacophony. Thereshould be honest debate: is gênerai éducation a separate subject matter with itsown curriculum? Is there a gênerai perspective that needs to be brought to anysubject matter? Smith would like to hearthe debate made public. He feels thatthe faculty has not debated and arguedenough to hâve the same enthusiasm anentering student has.Running the Collège is a délicate balance between coordinating and adminis-trating the practical and académie needsof the Collège and its students whilepreserving the necessary intellectual environs of each faculty member. "We[faculty] don't hâve accountability in officiai form," states Smith. "We don'thâve to teach what we dont want to. Thegain is the possibility for clarity in whatyou want an éducation to be. This is aplace that lets the faculty wing it. That'swhat you pay for, and sometimes it canbe glorious. Designing the world as youwish is a glorious freedom."Without "officiai accountability,"however, running the Collège becomesa problem. "There are aspects of whatthe Collège is now that don't seem toattract the interest of its faculty. Peopleare teaching in the Collège; numbers arenot teaching in the Core. Many facultywill not teach in a staff situation. Thequestion is how do you honor the extra-ordinary commitment to research this University makes and allow the fruits ofthis research to play a rôle in the Collègecurriculum. You can accomplish this byusing it to help the College's end.Marching in another direction would behopeless."Smith does not believe in "loyaltyplays" to get faculty to "join the team."He intends to go slow. "I need to knowwhat to do, then how to do it," he says.He would like to see the faculty clarifyits aims and desires. "It's not as bleakas some would think it is," Smith says."There are some 1700 courses beingtaught in the Collège, so obviously thereare people who want to teach them."What is required, he feels, is, as onefaculty member puts it, "a minimizationof contradiction of purpose." One possible understandingof gênerai éducationwould be that faculty members might"teach their thing" as long as "their thing"followed certain guidelines and met theestablished demands incumbent upondeveloping clarity in thought and expression.While thèse plans may give the Collège a new cohérence, they would notmake it further distinct from the University. Jonathan Smith feels that thenotion of a separate Collège faculty isirrational. The symbiotic relationshipbetween the two institutions is bestserved without a traditional collegiate"persona." In spite of its réputation as agraduate-oriented institution dedicatedto research, the faculty in the graduatedivisions insists on being able to teach onthe undergraduate level to hâve a chanceto touch base with the foundations oftheir thinking. Smith notes that "it is theUniversity that could not survive without the Collège."The alternative of hiring additionalstaff will not be open to Smith. "Thereare too many tenured faculty members,"he explains. "The âge of mobility is gone;nobody is moving." The dilemma, he de-scribes as "getting new blood withoutputting them on the tenure ladder," wasa catalyst for the Harper Fellow Pro-gram. The program, now in its third andlast year before possible renewal, provides a three-year teaching appoint-ments in the Collège to qualified candidates in Humanités and Social Sciences.Smith feels that the program has made adifférence and is ail for it."They're coming in with new perspectives, and then they leave. The programgives the Collège that rare opportunityof putting up or shutting up. It can't39Jonathan Z. Smith blâme anyone but themselves for thesuccess or failure of the Harper Fellows.We went looking for them. If there weremistakes, we made the mistakes. If therewere glories, we gained the glories. Andwe did a litttle of both. They give usenough critical mass of young people tokeep this opération from becoming amenopausal affair." Smith would like tosee the program continue and becomecyclical rather than a start-stop process.Should the Dean of the Collègebe made Assistant Provost? "Gettingthe Collège Dean involved in over-all planning and thinking at an earlystage doesn't require another title," saysSmith. "Administratively at least, I'm agreat believer in 'linkages'. People oughtEvery year Dad gets a lot ofties he doesn't want.Why 'ive usNext time yôû'fé' trying to décide between a tie he won't like and a shirtthat won't fit, think about The University of Chicago FurnLof Books.The Fund lets you givesity a book in honor of a irelative. Twenty-five dollars iraj =one book: $100, four bobks. Àndyou're bùying more than just a boqkj ••"You're buying paît of a great workinglibrary — -the Joseph Regënstein 'Library.Each book; you buy will get a. boôkplate with your name and thename of the person you want to re-member^ perhaps for a graduation,birthday, or anniversary. The Fund^BfeB^ferg a meaningful way to honorpPMeniory of a loved one. Copies ofthe boôkplate are mailed to you andthe person— o,r family- of theperson — beij^Give the University à book. Andgive yourself the satisfaction of help-ing to build one of the nation' s greatj university libraries.Enclosed is $_ -for -booksMake checks payable to The University of Chicago LibraryPlease mail to: The Fund of BooksDirector, University of Chicago Library1100 East 57th StreetChicago, Illinois 60637Gift in honor of_Address City Donor Address City The Fundof BooksThe Universityof ChicagoLibrary_State_ -Zip__State_ ^ip_Please se nd gift envelopes. to be overlapping ail the time. The question is how to design interesting over-lappings. I'm not sure being given anoffice up there [Office of the Provost]and another button on my phone isgoing to accomplish that."Smith's approval of créative overlapping prompted a question about studentcontribution and participation in his administration. "Student input is a verycomplicated matter," he replied. "I thinkthere is room for more than there hasbeen thus far. There are areas in whichwe could more aggressively seek it out.The question is, what do you create andwhat do you lose by formalizing it. I takestudent advisory commitees very seri-ously. There are many committees, likethe new curriculum committee, that students and faculty could work very wellon together. Informally, there are otheramenities or courtesies. I told the Manon I'd meet with them once a week. I'ilbe eating lunch at one dorm a week; ifsomeone wants to be there, fine. If not,Iil quickly gulp my lunch and go home.I hâve nothing intrinsically against student involvement in anything."This old grey campus needs otherkinds of liveliness than just the livelinessof the nimble mind. We hâve not beenas good at making this the kind ofhumane environment it might be. Re-genstein Library is part of your éducation, and Jimmy's Woodlawn Tap is apart of your éducation — there ought tobe a little bit more than those two options. We hâve to know how to createliveliness in an appropriate way thatdoesn't dominate us, but makes life a little bit nicer. I feel good when I walk byPierce Hall and there's a softball gamegoing. There's noise and I hear peoplelaughing, I hear people yelling and soforth. Five years ago I didn't hear that.We're a better place for that kind ofhub-bub."In his position Smith will be requiredto "sell" the Collège. He recognizes thatthe College's story has been told. It isthe individual's story that has not beentold. "We know how to sell its excellence, but not its humanity. We need alot more articles in hometown newspap-ers and lot less in Newsweek."In his varied and energetic plans fordiscourse and doing, Smith is aware thata "libéral éducation is something youalways come back to." For the next fiveyears Jonathan Z Smith will be visible,vocal, and visionary.— Skye Fackre40Alumnus DefinedAn important revision has been adoptedin the constitution and by-laws of theAlumni Association.The définition of "alumnus" has beenbroadened to include not only ail per-sons who hâve attended the Universityas students and are no longer in résidence but also ail persons who hâveserved as faculty members and are nolonger in résidence.Membership in the Association is au-tomatic. There are no fées or dues.Provost Addresses Hong Kong ClubProvost D. Gale Johnson discussedworld agriculture before some thirtyUniversity of Chicago alumni in HongKong. Johnson was accompanied byTetsuo Najita, professor and director ofthe Center for Far Eastern Studies at theUniversity.The Hong Kong group, organized byJohn L. Soong, MBA'42, and LincolnCh-kuen Yung, MBA'70, will hear Professor Charles Oxnard of the De-partments of Anatomy and Anthropol-ogy in November.Johnson also addressed the Tokyoalumni last July, at the second meetingof the recently-organized alumni chapterinjapan.Howard W. Mort: 1898-1977Howard Mort, director of the AlumniAssociation at the University forrwenty-six years, died October 1 in Port-land, Oregon, after a short illness. Hehad retired in 1963 after a career thatincluded directing the Reynolds Club, producing "Tower Topics," a weeklynews feature publication, and managingand directing the University Band.A graduate of Willamette Universityin Salem, Oregon, Mort came to theUniversity in 1927 for graduate study.He became contributing editor to TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine in1937. In 1941, when the Alumni Association established a fund-raising branch(the Alumni Foundation) to raise annualgifts for the University, he became itsfirst executive director and associateeditor — and later editor — of the Magazine.His thirty-five years of service to theUniversity were marked with delight:the University Band — sixty-fourstrong — for instance, was stretched intoa formation spelling of MassachusettsInstitute of Technology. His early"Tower Topics" were mimeographed oncolored paper and contained unclassi-fiable information such as a note that theLeap Year Fashion Parade featured"Chartreuse Spectators Sport Ensemblewith Lastex Coat."A Few Words from the Class of '02A visitor to the University quadranglesone afternoon in September might hâveseen a WTTW télévision caméra focus-sed on a slight, alert, white-hairedlady— Mrs. Hedwig Loeb, PhB '02. Thetélévision people were asking Mrs.Loeb, who is 94, what things were like atthe turn of the century.In July, the Magazine asked Mrs.Loeb, more specifically, what the University was like when she entered as afreshman in 1899. She lived in GreenHall and majored in history and political science. The University was seven yearsold; Hedwig Loeb was just 16."There was more open space on campus than there is now," she says. "But Iwas not aware of the University's youth.I was awed by the beautiful, massiveGothic buildings which seemed to exudegreat âge and wisdom. And I loved thegargoyles."Green Hall, then a women's résidence, was new. "Miss Talbot and MissBreckenridge were both there," Mrs.Loeb reminded us. Sophonisba Breckenridge and Marion Talbot were incharge of Green Hall and additionally,Miss Talbot was Dean of Women. "MissBreckenridge was the daughter of aKentucky colonel; Miss Talbot camefrom the East, and they were both représentative of what we thought of aspeople from those parts of the country.Miss Breckenridge was very warm andoutgoing; Miss Talbot very reserved."The Hall had girls of ail âges andfrom ail sections of the country. Theywere graduate students, freshmen, andthose in between. Some of the girls hadmore of an outside social life than I did.I was very nâive, very unsophisticated,younger than most of the students, withmy hair down my back in a pigtail, andbeing the youngest of seven children, Iwas kept in my place," Mrs. Loeb smiles.The city was very différent from theprésent. "We could walk from the ele-vated station at 63rd Street to our dor-mitory at night without fear, botheredonly by the cold wind blowing down theMidway. Later, a group of us would walkhome at night from the Maxwell Streetsettlement on the West Side withouteven thinking about it."We asked Mrs. Loeb if she attendedthe University because it was expectedof certain young ladies. "It wasn't neces-sarily the thing for young ladies to do,"she replied. "I dont know what themotivating force was. I suspect it was myoldest sister (who took my mother'splace when she died); I think she wasthe mastermind."She had not been to collège,although after her marriage she took anumber of courses. In answer to yourquestion — you see, people — I'd callthem middle or upper middle class — gotan éducation at home. We had a largelibrary, lined with tall bookcases and weail read a great deal."Mrs. Loeb's father had built a house atDearborn and Schiller on the NearNorth Side in 1876, which still stands,41Mrs. Hedwig Loeb at the J une, 1977Alumni Reunion."but with a new front," Mrs. Loeb adds."The family moved to LaSalle Avenue,between Elm and Division, before I wasborn."Perhaps because of the family libraryand reading habits, Mrs. Loeb does notremember struggling with studies. "Asfar as my friends and I were concerned,we went to learn. I don't rememberfinding anything particularlydifficult — maybe if I'd gone into highermathematics, I would hâve."Seeing Mrs. Loeb's sepia-tinted pho-tographs of those times brings to mind aline from L. P. Hartley. "The past," hesaid, "is a foreign/country. They dothings differently there." The picturesshow young women at their owncostume parties, costumes courtesyof Grâce Stitt who could, apparently,sew anything. And there was fudge. Lotsand lots of fudge, which brings one,oddly to Président Harper."You see, our dormitory backed onhis street; and his younger children usedto come in through the back door to getour fudge. Dr. Harper came once on atour of inspection. We fixed up ourrooms and threw everything into thecloset that shouldn't be out, hoping hewouldn't open the doors."I remember one thing about Président Harper — there was a parody ofthe doxology which annoyed him greatlywhen we sang it: 'Praise John from whom oil bles-sings flow,Praise him ye students hère below;Praise him ye professorial host,Praise John and Bill, but John themost.'We asked Mrs. Loeb about collègecosts. "It wasn't so expensive in thosedays, although the dollar was worthmore. I think we paid $40 a quarter. Forthat we got three major courses. If wetook extra courses, we paid a little more.And I think our room and board wasabout the same price."I had a class with James Weber Linn,which I consider one of my most useful.It was a daily thème course — sort of likewriting a daily column for the newspap-ers. I didn't particularly like him, but itwas a good course. I did my work for aMaster's in Political Science, but I didn'ttake my degree, because I didn't takethe oral exam. I wrote the thesis on theBarbary States, now very much in thenews — Algeria, Tunis, Tripoli, Mo-rocco." After classes, the students played. Aphotograph shows giggling girls in asnowball fight. "Heavy winter capeswere the fashion then," Mrs. Loeb remarks. "They were lined with Scotchplaid. Notice? Our dresses were verylong." Was it possible, we wondered, toattend a gym class in such garments?Were there gym classes? "Oh yes, wehad physical culture. We played basketbail, but we had physical exercise, too.In bloomers. Oh, we were well covered.When I went swimming, we wore stock-ings and a skirt and a dress with sleeves.We'd enter the lake fully clad, and afterwe got under the water, we'd shed ourskirts. . .they buttoned on. The suitswere sturdy alpaca."Maie friends were allowed to visit usin the parlor of the dormitory — never inour rooms! That was before the days ofwomen's lib, or even suffragettes. Thea-ter and even ballet were pre-empted bythe men, who took female rôles as inElizabethan England. One performance,however, given at the Auditorium Thea-ter, required the présence of men andHedwig Loeb, in braid and sturdy student garb, immersed in a bowl of soapy water in theGreen Hall bathroom. Taken by a classmate, about 1900. (Right) Fudge — a greatdistraction-was cousumed in large quantifies.42women to simulate an audience of thatperiod watching the play. It was a satiriccomedy by Ben Jonson called 'The Caseis Altered.' One of my friends, dressedas Queen Bess, sat in the Royal Box onthe Stage. I was one of the rabble in thepit."And at the University, "RockefellerChapel had not yet been built. June convocations were held in a large tent oncampus; winter convocations, in adowntown theater."More photographs include one, amaz-ingly, of the giant Ferris wheel from the1893 World's Fair, which Mrs. Loeb re-members as "still up — when I was in collège, I think. The German Building wasused as a shelter for skaters for someyears. The Wooded Island is a relie ofthe Fair. I was ten years old when theFair came to Chicago." Did she attendthe World's Fair? "Oh, yes indeed. Myfather had a concession with two othermen. One of them was a Mr. Fleishmanof the yeast family, and one was a physical culture expert from the North Sidewho had a natatorium — they didn't callthem swimming pools then; it was whereI learned to swim — and I don't think anyof them knew the first thing about running a restaurant. But they served themost wonderful food."Steam trains went out to the Fair onelevated tracks. I used to go to The Streets of Cairo and ride the donkeys.There was a group of Nubian peoplethere who were very handsome withaquiline features — most aristocratie."Eve tried very hard to rememberhow I felt in those days, but it's difficultafter so many years . . . time sort of télescopes for me."Do you know that the Universitykeeps ail your records? They dug outmine. I was very disappointed to findsome Bs."I stayed on till June of 1903; by theway, the Class of 03 gave the 'C bench.I skipped one quarter for a trip toEurope in 1901. A sister went with me. . . we thought we might attend the University in Berlin, so we got our University records to take with us. Whenwe landed in Berlin, the police asked forour passports but we didn't hâve any. Sowe showed them our records from theUniversity; they laughed and let us stay.But they weren't so fussy then."I kept in touch with Miss Breckin-ridge through the years, through HullHouse. She helped me find a school formy daughter. I was very fond of her. Dr.Freund and Miss Breckinridge hadurged me to enter Law School whichstarted that fall of 1903. But mybrothers, who were lawyers, talked meout of it. They didn't think it was anyplace for a girl."The University of Chicago tie. Nowavailable in the traditional "club" pattern. In black, navy, or maroon back-ground. Please specify color, name forpersonalized label, and series-#II. Enclose $8.00 plus $1.00 for postage & insurance (please add $.40 tax for Illinoisrésidents) and mail to:WM. M. FRAZIN CO.25 E. Washington St.Chicago, Il 60602431921The Business History Review for Spring,1977, published "reflections onGEORGE ROGERS TAYLOR'S (PhB'21,PhD'29) book, The Transportation Révolution, 1815-1860.'' It was cited as"one of those indispensable volumes towhich the teacher and research in économie history repeatedly returns."1922Horizon House, a Chicago Headstartprogram, plans to open a new schoolnamed after FRANCES LANGWORTHYmurray, ab'22, who died last March.Former acting superintendent of theWinnetka, Illinois Public Schools anddean of the Winnetka GraduateTeachers Collège, she, at 65, was anoriginator of Horizon House.1926ELDON R. BURKE, AM'26, PhD'36, re-ceived a Doctor of Humane Letters de-gree from Manchester Collège, NorthManchester, Indiana, this spring. He isprofessor emeritus there.GORDON E. SMITH, PtiB'26, has ac-cepted an assignment as Adjunct Professor of Business Communications atElmira Collège in New York. He pre-viously taught in the Department ofJournalism at Bail State University, Indiana, for eight years.1927LOUISE BLOOM, PhB'2 7, was honored recently at the Delta Kappa GammaState Convention in Minneapolis wherea scholarship was established in hername. Miss Bloom, although retired forthe last ten years, still teaches and tutorsGerman to high school students and alsotranslates letters and laboratory reports.1929JULIAN H. LEVI, phB'29, JD'31, a University of Chicago authority on urbanplanning and development, was ap-pointed to a seven-member board to ad-vise on planning for the future growthand development of the U.S. Capitol inWashington, D.C.1930NATHAN W. SHOCK, phD'30, receivedthe Ollie Randall Award, the highestaward of the National Council on Aging,in récognition of his service on behalf ofthe elderly.1931SIMON H. BAUER, SB'31, PhD'35, professor of chemistry at Cornell University, became a professor emeritusthis past July after thirty-eight years ofservice.DONALD H. DALTON, SB'31, waselected to the Board of Directors of theBar Association of the District of Co-lumbia for a rwo-year term.For their promotion of dental hygine,JULIAN JACKSON, PhB'31, and ELEANORSTACK JACKSON, x'47, received theHarold Katz Award at the meeting ofthe American Endodontic Society.tober.FRED MCKINNEY, PhD'31, professorof psychology at the University ofMissouri-Columbia, received the 1977Award for Distinguished Teaching inPsychology by the American Psycholog-ical Foundation.1933ALICE MOORADIAN, x'33, was namedthe Niagara County Senior Citizen of1977. She is the récipient of twenty-twoawards from various groups and organi-zations on a local and national level in-cluding The University of ChicagoAlumni Association award for publicservice. Her primary interest is serviceto others, particularly to the elderly.Miss Mooradian résides in Lewiston,New York.After thirty-nine years on the UCLAfaculty (and forty-three years of university teaching), ERIK WAHLGREN,PhB'33, PhD'38, has retired "with his wife and his library" to Carmel, California, where he will be writing and walking.1934DANIEL M. MacMASTER, x'34, will retirenext February as président of theMuséum of Science and Industry afterforty-five years of service. He joined themuséum staff in 1933 while he was astudent at the Unviersity.HELEN L. MORGAN, AB'34, AM'36, isretiring after twenty-five years as the director of the American Academy forGirls, Uskudar, Turkey. Miss Morganwill return to the U.S. and réside inMaryland.HENRY E. PATRICK, PhB'34, AM'38,has retired from the staff of the UnitedStates Air Force Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. Upon his retire-ment Patrick was presented the AirForce Award for Meritorious CivilianService and named professor emeritus.1936DR. NATHAN R. BREWER, PflD'36, received an honorary Doctor of Sciencedegree from the Chicago Collège of Ostéopathie Medicine this spring. He is apioneer in the field of laboratory animalmedicine.DR. EDWARD B. CANTOR, MD'36, recently attended the national conventionof the American Collège of Obstetri-cians and Gynecologists, where he waselected président of the Vaginal Surgeons' Society.WILLIAM H. SAFRANEK, SB'36, wasamong thirty inventors recently honoredfor patents they received during 1976 atBattelle Mémorial Institute' Columbus,Ohio, Laboratories. Safranek developeda process for combining mechanical action with chemical action to acceleratethe surface smoothing and de-burring ofzinc-alloy die casting.1937The memory of JAMES C. SHELBURNE,AM'37, PhD'53, was honored by the United States Air Force Air University,Maxwell AFB, Alabama, which de-signated one of its school buildings as"Shelburne Hall." Mr. Shelburne, whowas active in the organization of USAFAir University for more than thirtyyears, retired in 1972 and died atAlexandria, Virginia in 1975.1938SOL JOSEPH, AM'38, was awarded anHonorary Doctor of Music from the San4 4Francisco Conservatory of Music wherehe has been teaching for the twenty-nineyears.NORA BELL TULLY MACALVY, PhB'38,received the 1977 Liberty Bell Award,Michigan City, Indiana, in récognitionfor outstanding citizenship for her workin establishingchildren's theater.1940LEO SROLE, PhD '40, was spécial lecturerto the American Psychiatrie Associationat its annual meeting in Toronto. He is amember of the Collège of Physicians &Surgeons of Columbia University, Department of Psychiatry, Social SciencesResearch Unit.1941JOSEPH M. stampf, ab'41, receivedthree awards during the past year. First,the Tom "Buzzy" O'Connor MémorialAward, the highest honor given by theIllinois Basketball Association for"sportsmanship, integrity, and pro-fessional excellence." Second and thirdwere from the Chicagoland CollegiateAthletic Conférence for "outstandingcontributions to the profession of basketball coaching," and from the OldTimers Officiais Association, naminghim man of the year. Stampf is associateprofessor of Physical Education and Ath-letics at the University.A. DOUGLAS TUSHINGHAM, DB'41,PhD'48, is the chief archaeologist at theRoyal Ontario Muséum, Canada. He haslately devoted time to bringing Incagoldand artifacts from Peru to exhibit at theRoyal Ontario Muséum.1942F. DAVID MARTIN, AB'42, PhD'49, theJohn Howard Harris Professor of Phi-losophy at Bucknell University, received a grant from The National Endowment for the Humanities to participate in an Institute for Aesthetics at theUniversity of Colorado.ROBERT HENRY STROTZ, AB'42,PhD'51, was elected to the Board of Di-rectors for the National Merit Schol-arship Corporation. He has been président of Northwestern University forthe past seven years.1943SIDNEY BERNSTEIN, MBA'43, was part ofa two-week study mission to Egypt,Syria, Jordan, and Israël this summer.The trip was sponsored by AmericanProfessors for Peace in the Middle East;Bernstein is a professor in the Depart ment of Business at Loop Collège,Chicago.WALLACE W. BOOTH, AB'43, MBA'48,was elected a director of Litton Industries, Inc. Mr. Booth is président andchief executive officer of DucommunIncorporated in Los Angeles.RUTH LAMBIE, SM'43, has retiredfrom her position as associate professorin the East Carolina University School ofHome Economies.HELEN L. MORGAN, AB'43, AM'36, isretiring after rwenty-five years as the director of the American Academy forGirls, Uskudar, Turkey. Miss Morganwill return to the U.S. and réside inMaryland.1944KENNETH AXELSON, AB'44, former de-puty mayor of New York, was nomi-nated for deputy secretary of the trea-sury department by the Carter Administration.NORMAN BARKER, JR., AB'44,MBA'53, chairman and chief executiveofficer of United California Bank, is nowa member of Lear Siegler, Inc. board ofdirectors. Barker is also a trustée of TheUniversity of Chicago and chairman ofthe board of trustées of Occidental Collège, Los Angeles.ALICEROSE SCHNADIG BARMAN,AM'44, a consultant on child development to Highland Park School District108 in Illinois, has published severalpamphlets on parenting and child development. Mrs. Barman also teachescourses at the National Collège of Education in Evanston.A spécial convocation, to honorCHARLES HENRY PARRISH, JR., PhD'44,was organized last spring at the University of Louisville, Kentucky. He wasthe chairman of the sociology facultyfrom 1959 through 1964, and retired in1968. The occasion was also marked bythe dedication of the Charles HenryParrish, Jr. Court on the campus. Professor Parrish was the first black professor at the University of Louisville.1946RICHARD COLLINS, PhB'46, has beentouring the U.S. playing piano récitals inseventy collèges and universities. Hereports that he drove from city to city,"in the spirit that barnstorming troupersdid years ago."1947BENJAMIN C. KORSCHOT, MBA'47, waselected vice chairman of the Board of Directors of the Financial Analysts Fédération. It is a professional society of ap-proximately 15,000 investment analystsin the U.S. and Canada. He is présidentof Waddell & Reed, Inc., a financial services corporation in Kansas City, Missouri.HARVEY A. MAERTIN, MBA'47, has retired from the University of Toledowhere he directed the master of businessadministration program for fourteenyears. He was associate professor ofmanufacturing administration there.JOSEPH MARCIANO, SB'47, SM'48, hasearned a Juris Doctor degree at WesternState University Collège of Law in SanDiego.DOUGLAS A. NORTHROP, AM'47,PhD'66, professor of English at RiponCollège, has been appointed Vice Président and Dean of the Collège there.CHARLES D. O'CONNELL, JR., AM'47,was awarded a Honorary Doctor ofHumane Letters from Salve Regina Collège in Rhode Island. O'Connell is Deanof Students and Vice Président of TheUniversity of Chicago.ALVIN W. SKARDON, AM'47, PhD'60,professor of history at YoungstownState University, was appointed histori-cal consultant to Muhlenberg Hospitalin Plainfield, New Jersey. Skardon iscurrently writing and researching acomprehensive history of YoungstownState University.BERNARD STEINZOR, PhD'47, has ac-cepted a teaching appointment with theInstitute for Psychoanalytic Therapy atThe University of Gôteberg, Sweden.His year-long appointment began inSeptember.1948Président Carter announced that he willnominate RICHARD C. ATKINSON,PhB'48, to be director of the NationalScience Foundation. Atkinson has beendeputy director of the Foundation since1975 and is also a professor at StanfordUniversity.JOSEPH H. BRITTON, AM'48, PhD'49,professor of human development andchairman of the Gerontology Center ofthe Institute for the Study of HumanDevelopment, has been named actingdean of the Collège of Human Development at Pennsylvania State University.HERBERT H. PAPER, AM'48, PhD'51,was appointed dean of Hebrew UnionCollege-Jewish Institute of Religion'sGraduate School of Judaic Studies. Thefirst dean of the recently established4^graduate school, Paper was previouslyprofessor of linguistics and Near Easternstudies at the University of Michigan.RUTH G. WASKEY, MBA'48, wasawarded a plaque by the City of Miamifor her volunteer efforts in the field ofchild care. Mrs. Waskey is an area program management specialist for theFlonda Department of Education's Foodand Nutrition Management Section.Président Carter nominated MARVINWEISSMAN, PhB'48, to be AmbassadorExtraordinary and Plenipotentiary of theUnited States to Costa Rica. Weissmanwas director of the Office of CentralAmerican Affairs at the State Department from 1975 to 1977.1949SAMUEL I. CLARK, AB'43, PhD'49, wasreappointed as director of xhe HonorsCollège, Western Michigan University,Kalamazoo. He is a professor of politicalscience there.NORMAN A. GRAEBNER, PhD'49, wasawarded the Harold Vyvyan Harms-worth Professorship of American History at Oxford for the 1978-79académie year. He will give thirty-sixlectures on various areas of Americanhistory at Queens Collège, Oxford.Graebner is the Edward R. StettiniusProfessor of History at the University ofVirginia, Charlottesville.Président Carter nominated ARTHURW. HUMMEL, JR., MB'49, to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaryof the United States to Pakistan. He wasAssistant Secretary of State for EastAsian and Pacific Affairs from 1976 to1977.J. PAUL LEAGANS, PhD'49, has beenmade an emeritus professor of extensionéducation by the trustées of the NewYork State Collège of Agriculture andLife Sciences in Ithaca. In 1949, he in-itiated a graduate program in extensionand adult éducation which has since become an international model.ESTHER MILNER, PhD'49, will retirethis February from her position as professor at Brooklyn Collège of the CityUniversity of New York.1950ROLLIN J. CALDWELL, AB'50, was appointed assistant classified manager ofthe Chicago Sun-Times and Chicago Dail)Sews.NAN RYPINS MALKIN, AB'50, AB'56,am'57, married Dr. Donald L. Shapiroin May. She is a psychiatrie social worker at the Manchester, Connecticut, Mémorial Hospital Center for Mental Health.Dr. Shapiro is médical director there.DARNELL RUCKER, AM'50, PhD'57,was appointed chairman of the Department of Philosophy at Skidmore Collège, Saratoga Springs, New York. He isauthor of The Chicago Pragmatists(1969), University of Minnesota Press.1951LAWRENCE H. CHAPMAN, PhB'51, anelectrician and résident of Harvey,Louisiana, has chosen to dedicate part ofhis time and his earnings to create anawareness among his fellow-citizens ofelectricity's potential dangers. Mr.Chapman has researched the dangers as-sociated with the installation of CB andTV antennas.ROBERT H. DAVENPORT, AB'51, hasspent two years in Switzerland where,with his wife Diane, he has conducted across-cultural study of suicide, compar-ing Zurich and Los Angeles. They re-ported their results of the Zurich phaseat the ninth International Congress onSuicide Prévention in Helsinki thissummer, and hâve returned to LosAngeles where they will finish the studyand résume clinical practice.An article by BURTON M. LEISER,AB'51, entitled "Terrorism, GuerrillaWarefare, and International Morality,"appears in the current issue of the Stanford Journal of International Studies.Leiser is in the Department of Philosophy at Drake University, Des Moines,Iowa.RICHARD E. LYNN, PtlB'51, has be-come the director of the New YorkMetropolitan région of Alexander &Alexander Incorporated, insurance brokers.ALLAN O. PFNISTER, AM'51, PhD'55,professor of éducation at the Universityof Denver, was appointed to a newlycreated position as executive vice président of the University of Denver.Daniel ROBBINS, ab'51, was named avisiting professor at Williams Collège,Massachusetts. Robbins was recently avisiting professor of art at Dartmouthand a former director of the Fogg ArtMuséum at Harvard.1952BRUCE M. JOHNSON, ab'52, professor ofEnglish at the University of Rochester,was awarded 1977 fellowships by theJohn Simon Guggenheim MémorialFoundation. He is the author of the book, Conrad's Models of Mind, andnumerous articles in professional jour-nals on the Works of Thomas Hardy andJoseph Conrad.SANDER MARTIN LEVIN, AB'52, wasnominated by Président Carter to be anassistant administrator of the Agency forInternational Development (Bureau ofPopulation).PAUL A. MARIER, AM'52, was appointed director, organization development, of the Stanley Works in Connecticut.JAMES C. PHILLIPS, AB'52, SB'55,SM'55, PhD'56, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences In July. Heis a member of Bell Labs TheoreticalPhysics Research Department where hespecialized in studies of the electronicstructure of solids, primarily semicon-ductors.1954WOLF RODER, am'54, am'56, PhD'65,received a Fulbright-Hays grant to teachat the University of Zambia in the1977-78 académie year. He is a professor of geography at the University ofCincinnati, and an authority on Africangeography. He will be in Zambia's capital, Lusaka.1955DANIEL H. PERLMAN, AB'55, AM'56,PhD'71, dean of administration atRoosevelt University in Chicago, hasbeen selected to participate in an executive interchange program in which hewill serve for a year in Washington, D.C.as spécial assistant to the Deputy Com-missioner for Higher and ContinuingEducation.1953PHILIP S. HARING, AM'53, PhD'54, isbeginning a semi-retirement schedule atKnox Collège, Galesburg, Illinois. He isthe Robert W. Murphy Professor ofPolitical Science and will continue toteach one course a year. His book titledSurvey of Political Thought; his PoliticalMorality (1972), was published bySchenkman Publishing Company inCambridge, Massachusetts.ALAN H. JACOBS, AM'53, chairman ofand professor in the Department of An-thropology at Western Michigan University, has recently returned from amonth-long study of the Masai peopleand an assessment of the government'scomprehensive programs to settle thesemi-nomadic people of northeast Tan-zania.46JAMES W. WINKELMAN, AB'55, wasappointed Executive Vice Président ofScience Affairs of the National HealthLaboratories in San Diego.1956NORMAN BILOW, PhD' 56, received theLawrence A. Hyland Award for his workon ultra-high température plastics fromHughes Aircraft Co. He is a senior sci-entist there, and he is the first chemist toreceive the award which is given to in-ventors whose work has contributedsignificantly to the company's technolog-ical progress.JOHN A. SCHONEMAN, MBA'56, waselected président and chief executiveofficer of Employers Insurance ofWausau, in Wisconsin.EUGENE J. WEBB, PhD'56, is the firstrécipient of the Lane Family Pro-fessorship at Stanford University'sGraduate School of Business. The pro-fessorship, which honors Laurence W.Lane, Sr., publisher of Sunset magazine,is designated for a scholar in the field ofmarketing. Webb is a professor of or-ganizational behavior and has taught inthe Business School at Stanford since1968.1957INGEBORG G. MAUKSCH, AM'57,phD'69, was appointed by HEW Secretary Joseph A. Califano, Jr., to the Advi-sory Committee on National Health Insurance Issues.NED E. MITCHELL, MBA'57, was appointed président of E. J. Brach & Sons,Chicago. It is the largest gênerai linecandy company in the United States.Mitchell, previously executive vice président, has been with Brach for 29 years.FREDERICK A. YONKMAN, JD'57, waspromoted to executive vice président,Administration and Law, for the American Express Company.1958WILLIAM HARMON, AB'58, AM'68,chairman of the Department of Englishat the University of North Carolina, wasawarded a Rockefeller FoundationHumanities Fellowship to study T. S.Eliot and his use of cultural anthropol-ogy.1959PETER CLARK, PhD'59, chairman andprésident of the Evening News Association and publisher of the Détroit News,received an honorary degree at the Un iversity of Michigan's summer commencement.JOHN R. MONTGOMERY III, MBA'59,was elected président of the IllinoisBankers Association. He is président ofLakeside Bank, Chicago, and was a second vice président of the NorthernTrust Co., Chicago.1960"A Long Way from St. Louis," an au-tobiographical essay by EARL FENDEL-MAN, ab'60, was published in a récentissue of "Illinois Quarterly," a publication of Illinois State University inNormal-Bloomington, Illinois.MELVIN R. GOODES, MBA'60, waselected vice président of Warner-Lambert Company in New Jersey.Jersey.DAVID P. MORRIS, AB'60, was pro-moted to associate professor of anes-thesiology at the Chicago Collège of Ostéopathie Medicine.JON M. NICHOLSON, AM'60, wasnamed director of admissions at Carie-ton Collège, Northfield, Minnesota. AtThe University of Chicago, he was assistant director of admissions, a physicaléducation instructor, and assistant var-sity coach of basketball and baseball.MARTIN E. WEHNER, MBA'60, hasbeen appointed zone manager for construction sales for the WestinghouseElectric Corporation's Industry ProductsCompany.1961Corning Glass Works announced the appointment of ROBERT M. BATTAGLIN,MBA'6l, as a personnel developmentmanager.JOSEPH P. FLANAGAN, MBA'6l, joinedFoote, Cône & Belding as vice présidentand director of Impact — the agency'spromotion, design and collatéral division.FRIEDHELM RADANDT, AM'6l,PhD'67, left Lake Forest Collège in Illinois to join Northwestern Collège inOrange City, Iowa. He is Vice Présidentfor Académie Affairs and Dean of theFaculty there. A specialist in eighteenthcentury German Literature, he taught atThe University of Chicago from 1964 to1970.BUTLER D. SHAFFER,JD'6l, joined thefaculty of Southwestern UniversitySchool of Law, in Los Angeles, where heis teaching in the SCALE project.1962ALAN R. LIND, AB'62, joined Gardner, Jones & Co., Inc. as account executive.Gardner, Jones in Chicago is a sub-sidiary of Hill and Knowlton, Inc., apublic relations firm.ROBERT E. NASLUND, MBA'62 is gênerai manager for iron plants at InterlakeInc. Responsible for managing the company's Chicago and Toledo iron-producing plants, he will make his head-quarters at the South Chicago ironworks.JOËL SCHWARTZ, AB'62, MA'65,PhD'72, was promoted associate professor of history at Montclair State Collège, Upper Montclair, New Jersey. Hehas taught there since 1970.GEORGE E. SWICK, MBA'62, retiredfrom the U.S. Air Force after 29 years ofmilitary service. He was presented theLégion of Merit for his performance asdirector of manpower and organization,Headquarters, Air Force SystemsCommand, Andrews Air Force Base.ARTHUR V. WYNNE, JR., MBA'62,partner of Burrelle's Press Clipping Service of Livingston, New Jersey, was re-elected président of the Employer's Association of New Jersey.1963RICHARD L. HOARD, MBA'63, waselected as a vice président of EcodyneCorporation in Lincolnshire, Illinois.Last spring, JEB STUART MAGRUDER,MBA'63, addressed a history classstudying Watergate at St. Thomas Apos-tle High School in Hyde Park. He is anofficiai of Young Life, a Christian organization that works with teenagers.MARGARET PEIL, PhD'63, was promoted to the Center of West AfricanStudies Reader in Sociology at Birmingham University, U.K. She has published three books, The Ghanaian Fac-tory Worker, Nigérian Politics: ThePeople's View, and Consensus and Conflictin African Societies. She is on study leavethis académie year, with a NuffieldFoundation Senior Research Fellowship."By the Steps of the MetropolitanMuséum of Art," a poem by JAMES RE-ISS, AB'63, AM'64, was published in theMay 2, 1977 issue of The New Yorker.He won the Academy of AmericanPoets Prize in i960 and in 1962, whilehe was a student in the Collège.Rabbi DANIEL JEREMY silver,PhD'63, received an honorary Doctor ofDivinity degree from Hebrew UnionCollege's Cincinnati School in June. Heis an adjunct professor of religion atboth Case Western Reserve University47and Cleveland State University, président of the National Foundation forJewish Culture, a vice président of theCleveland Muséum of Art, and chairmanof the Israël Task Force of the ClevelandJewish Fédération.COLIN WRIGHT, AM'63, PhD'66, wasnamed Dean of Faculty at ClaremontMens Collège in California. He hastaught économies at ClaremontGraduate School since 1972 and hasbeen teaching in the school's executivemanagement program.1964Sister M. IRENAEUS CHEKOURAS,phD'64, président of Saint Xavier Collège in Chicago, was elected secretary-treasurer of the Fédération of In-dependent Illinois Collèges and Un-iversities.DOUGLAS M. COSTLE, JD'64, has beenconfirmed by the Senate as adminis-trator of the Environmental ProtectionAgency. He was formerly commissionerof the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and has been aconsultant to E.P.A. on land usepolicies.RAY van HORN, MBA'64, was appointed gênerai sales manager ofHolo-Krome Co., a subsidiary of Western Pacific Industries, Inc., in WestHartford, Connecticut.JAMES R. MURPHY, ab'65, received aPhD degree last spring from the Schoolof Hygiène and Public Health, JohnsHopkins University, Baltimore.Dr. ALAN PEIKEN, SB'64, was appointed clinical assistant professor in theDepartment of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. He will main-tain his private practice.JOHN M. ZEGLIN, ab'64, graduatedfrom Brooklyn Law School last June. Heis the Spécial Assistant to the Office ofEmployée Benefits of the Fédéral Reserve System.1965WILLIAM H. BEAVER, MBA'65, PhD'65, isthe first Thomas D. Dee Professor atStanford University's Graduate Schoolof Business. Beaver was cited for hiscontributions to the theory and practiceof accounting.ROBERT HASSENGER, PhD'65, willhead the Independent Study Program atEmpire State Collège of State Universityof New York. Students will hâve an op-portunity to design their own degreeprograms. JAMES E. MASER, JD'65, has beenelected to membership in the YoungPresident's Organization, Inc. He is président, Club Corporation of America,Dallas.1966MICHAEL EDWARD BALDIGO, MBA'66,received his PhD in business administration from California Western University.STEPHEN CARLETÔN, AM'66, PhD'75,was honored this summer for his tenyears service at California Baptist Collège in Riverside, California. He hasserved as académie dean since 1971.Previously, he was chairman of the history department there.LOIS KAHN EMBER, SM'66, assistanteditor of Environmental Science &Technology, won a journalistic award inan international compétition of the Society for Technical Communications.The award-winning article entitled "TheSpecter of Cancer" appeared in the De-cember, 1975 issue of ES&T.JORDAN SANDKE, AB'66, received aBachelor of Music degree in Jazz trum-pet from the New England Con-servatory of Music last spring.1967R. SAMUEL BOYD, AM'67, PhD'73, waspromoted to associate professor of psychology at the University of Central Ar-kansas, Conway, Arkansas. He was recently appointed to a five-year term onthe Arkansas Board of Examiners inPsychology, responsible for licensingpsychologists and regulating independent psychology practice in Arkansas.CHARLES HAMILTON, AM'67, waselected to the national board of directors, Girl Scouts of the U.S. A. He isprésident of his management and organization development consulting firmin Boston.ROY W. JOHNSON, MBA'67, has as-sumed duties as senior vice président forbuying at Gambles, the Minneapolis-based merchandising company.MARK S. LEVY, jd'67, is a principal inthe tax department of Arthur Young &Company in Chicago.ROBERT W. MACDONALD, MBA'67,was elected a vice président of corporateplanning and development forMcQuay-Perfex Inc., a Minneapolis-based manufacturer of industrial heattransfer products.MICHAEL S. MCPHERSON. AB'67, AM'70, PhD'74, was awarded a fellowship from the American Council ofLearned Societies. He is an assistant professor of économies at Williams Collège,Williamstown, Massachusetts.D. J. MURPHY, MBA'67, was namedmanager of purchasing for the RioBlanco Oil Shale Project for Gulf OilCorp. and Standard Oil Co. of Indiana.THOMAS J. NAHM, MBA'67, joinedConsolidated Foods Corp. as director ofcorporate planning. He previouslyworked for Léo Burnett Adverstising,Chicago.A profile of Sister MARY JOYCESCHLADWEILER, AM'67, was publishedin the May 197 7 Today' s CatholicTeacher. She is in charge of the readingdepartment at Assumption High School,Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.LARRY SCHWARTZ, SB'67, and LOISWOLF SCHWARTZ, AB'67, announced thebirth of a son, Adam Jedediah, on In-dependence Day. They live in Berkeley,California.ROBERT E. TRAGNITZ, MBA'67, waspromoted to vice président, CommericalServices Division, of the Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Co., inChicago. He joined the bank in 1967.D. N. UPSHAW, MBA'67, was appointed vice président and gênerai manager, for the Asia-Pacific Opérations ofthe International Harvester WorldTruck Group.BERNARD C. WATSON, PhD'67, wasappointed vice président for académieadministration at Temple University inPhiladelphia. He had been acting viceprésident in that capacity for a year.1968JOHN R. BOLT, PhD'68, was promoted toassociate curator of fossil reptiles andamphibians at the Field Muséum ofNatural History of Chicago. His research includes evolutionary changes infrog ears and the évolution of teeth inearly reptiles.JAMES T. BOOSALES, MBA'68, wasnamed président of the FundimensionsDivision of General Mill's craft, game,and toy group.PAUL burstein, ab'68, and FlorenceKatz were married in December in aprivate civil ceremony in New Haven,Connecticut. Burstein writes that theevent was so much fun that they weremarried again, in a religious ceremonyattended by family and friends, in May.He is an assistant professor of sociologyat Yale University.48MARY ANN MAZIAK BYRNES, AB'68,received a PhD degree in spécial éducation from Rutgers University, and is assistant professor at Purdue University.She is director of the Achievement Center for Children, which diagnoses andsolves learning problems.WILLIAM C. CREGAR, AB'68, was promoted to major in the U.S. Air Force.An assistant staff judge advocate, he is atKelly Air Force Base, Texas.HENRY J. GWIAZDA II, AM'68,PhD'75, is the Robert F. KennedyCurator of the John F. Kennedy Libraryin Boston.SUZANNE BUTLER GWIAZDA, AM'68,is senior equal employment opportunityspecialist at the New England RégionalOffice of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.In May, JOHN HELLMAN, AB'68 andMARLENE HEVIA HELLMAN, AB'69, an-nounced the birth of their son, ParkerCarlos, in Oakland, California.Pontiac Motor Division of GeneralMotors announced the appointment ofCOURTNEY F. JONES, MBA'68, as an assistant divisional comptroller.NANCY HAMPTON ORLANDO, AB'68,and Richard Orlando announced thebirth of a son, Dante Michael, in Oakland, California, last November.PETER SCHOOL, AM'68, PhD'72,joined the faculty of Luther Collège inDecorah, Iowa, as assistant professor ofEnglish.1969PHILIP H. DREYER, AM'69, PhD'73, wasawarded an Academy Spencer Fellowship. Dreyer, an associate professor oféducation at Claremont GraduateSchool of the Claremont Collèges, isone of five récipients.KENT DRUYVESTEYEN, AM'69,PhD'76, is assistant dean and director ofadmissions for graduate business programs in Texas Christian University's M.J. Neeley School of Business.RONALD W. FERNER, MBA'69, is plantmanager of Campbell Soup Company'sFremont, Nebraska, production facility.PENNY GOLD, AB'69, received a PhDdegree in médiéval studies from Stanford University last spring. She is assistant professor of history at Knox Collège, Galesburg, Illinois.JUDITH BROWN GREIF, AM'69, reports that she has received her doctorateand moved to Riverdale, New York.RYAN A. LAHURD, AM'69, joined thefaculty of Thiel Collège in Greenville, Pennsylvania as an assistant professor inthe department of English, Speech, andThéâtre Arts.AMAR N. MAHESHWARI, PhD'69, hasjoined the Régional Collège of Education of the National Council of Educational Research at Mysore, India. He isprofessor of physics there.LYNN JUNKER MARKER, SB'69, andWALTER S. MARKER, JR., SB'67, an-nounce the birth of their first child,Kathleen Theresa Marker, on February19, 1977. Lynn and Walter are a mathe-matician and physicist, respectively, forthe Department of the Navy inDahlgren, Virginia.1970RICHARD R. ERICKSON, SM'70, PhD'74,was granted tenure at Lycoming Collègein Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and wasalso appointed chairman of its Department of Astronomy and Physics. He andhis wife, CAROLYN SPINKS ERICKSON,AB'70, rather belatedly announce thebirth of a son, Brian, over two years agoin June, 1975."Chaucer and the Non-PentameterLine in John Heywood's Comic De-bates," by ALLAN B. FOX, PhD'70, ap-peared in the Winter '77 issue of Lan-guage and Style.WILLIAM C. ROWLAND, MBA' 70, wasawarded an honorary Doctor of Lawsdegree from Westminister Collège inNew Wilmington, Pennsylvania. He isprésident of Hawaiian Téléphone Company.DALE REISS-SCHECTER, MBA'70, is aprincipal in the management servicesdepartment of Arthur Young & Company in Chicago.1971DAVID P. BENJAMIN, MBA'71, waselected director of Member Acquisitionfor the Chicago Chapter of the NationalAssociation of Accountants.In February, ROBIN MEREDITH GEIST,x'71, married Illinois State Représentative C. L. Skinner, Jr. She is a public information officer for the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. He re-presents the 33rd Législative District.The American National Bank andTrust Co. in Chicago elected JONATHANP. HECHT, MBA'71, second vice président.SUSAN J. KUPPER, AB'71, received aPhD from Johns Hopkins University inBaltimore last spring.DALE LARSON, AB'71, received a PhD in clinical psychology from the University of California, Berkeley, wherehe lives.The Association of Junior Leaguesannounced the appointment of DE-BORAH LEW SEIDEL, JD'71, director ofProject VIE (Volunteers Intervening inEquity), the Association's three-yearpilot program to develop volunteer opportunities in which able older citizenscan assist others in obtaining communityservices.ALBERT F. SHPUNTOFF, SB'71, beginsa new job and a new lifestyle with hisappointment as an assistant professor ofmathematics at Morningside Collège inSioux City, Iowa, and his marriage toAnne Windmiller in July.JAMES M. SNODGRASS, MBA'71, isfinancial vice président of Estech, Inc.He was previously director of corporateplanning and development for parentEsmark, Inc.Président Carter nominated MAU-RICIO SOLAUN, PhD'71, to be Ambassa-dor Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaryof the United States to Nicaragua. He isan associate professor of sociology at theUniversity of Illinois, in Champaign-Urbana. He served as a consultant to theColombian Planning Office in 1972 and1973, and as a consultant to the UnitedNations Development Program with theChilean National Planning Office in1975.FREDERICK W. TAMKIN, MBA'71, isdirector of product planning and development at Cobra Communications Product Group of Synascan Corp., Chicago.1972JEFF ALEXANDAR, AM'72, received hisMD from the University of Nebraskalast spring. He will be a résident at BaylorUniversity Médical Center in Texas.GLEN J. GILCHRIST, AM'72, wasnamed assistant vice président of theWilliam M. Mercer Company, an employée benefit firm.LAWRENCE P. HOLLERAN, MBA'72, isdirector of employée relations for FMCCorp. in Chicago. He was with the in-dustrial corporation's machinery group.KENNETH HINZE, AM'72, PhD'76,married Carrie McClelland inShreveport, Louisiana, in May. Lastspring, The University of Chicago'sCommunity and Family Study Centerpublished a monograph of Hinze's titled"Causal Factors in the Net MigrationFlow to Metropolitan Areas of the United States, 1960-70."49BARBARA DAVENPORT JONES, AM'72,was appointed to the Board of Management of the Western Addition YWCA,San Francisco. She is also a médical social worker at Childrens Hospital, also inSan Francisco, where she lives with herfamily.CAROLYN PEMBER KEITH, AM'72, andher husband Larry, announce the birthof their first child, Robert Browder, inJune.IRA B. LAMSTER, SM'72, will be apost-doctoral research fellow inperiodontology at the Harvard School ofDental Medicine.SUSAN LOTH, AB'72, is now a copyeditor for the Minneapolis Star.SUSAN MILLER, AB'72, and ALAN RO-SENTHAL, AB'72, were married lastJune. Susan is a learning disabilities spe-cialist having attained an M.Ed from Co-lumbia University. Alan arranges popsongs for Warner Brothers and stillcomposes and plays jazz. They are livingin New York City.Governors State University in ParkForest, Illinois honored CHARLES OL-SON, mba'72, "for professional excellence as a distinguished professor." Heis a professor business administration inthe Collège of Business and Public Service there.EARL G. PHILLIPS, MBA'72, was appointed director of product management at Travenol Laboratories, the principal operating subsidiary of BaxterTravenol Laboratories in Deerfield, Illinois.STEVEN C. SUMMIT, AB'72, opened anoffice for the practice of law in Water-bury, Connecticut.1973THOMAS J. CAMPBELL, AB'73, AM'73, isserving as law clerk to Justice White inthe U.S. Suprême Court. Campbell wasa former président of Student Government at The University of Chicago.JOHN R. COYNE, AM'73, is executivesecretary of the Illinois Library Association. He was health science librariescoordinator for Illinois, Midwest HealthScience Library Network.ALAN PAGE FISKE, AM'73, has beenappointed director of the Peace Corps inthe West African nation of Upper Volta.A former Peace Corps volunteer inMalawi and Zaire, he has four years' expérience in public health work in devel-oping African countries. He and hiswife, Kathryn Mason, left late last springfor Ouagadougou, the capitol. JO FREEMAN, PhD'73, received aBrookings fellowship as a staff associatein employment policy for 1977-78. Shewill spend the year in the Department ofLabor, Washington, D.C.STEPHEN R. MURRILL, MBA'73, istechnical sales représentative in the plastics department of Exxon ChemicalUSA. He is in the Des Plaines, Illinoisoffice.DANIEL L. PALS, AM' 73, PhD'75, wasappointed assistant professor of religious studies and history at Centre Collège of Kentucky, Danville, Kentucky.GEORGE L. PRIEST, JD'73, joined thelaw faculty at the State University ofNew York at Buffalo. He was a lecturerand fellow in law and économies at TheUniversity of Chicago School of Law.GREGORY S. REEVES, AB'73, a reporterfor The Kansas City Star, was chosen as aJohn J. McCloy Fellow this year under anew program co-sponsored by theAmerican Council on Germany and theColumbia University Graduate Schoolof Journalism. Reeves will be travellingthroughout Germany.1974JOHN D. BRODERICK, MBA'74, joinedCrocker Bank in San Francisco as avice-président in the opérations division.TRUMAN A. CLARK, MBA'74, was appointed an assistant professor of ac-counting at the State University of NewYork at Buffalo.In June, ERIKA FUNKE, ab'74, wasawarded a Master of Arts in Humanitiesdegree from Pennsylvania State University.ROBERT B. JENKINS, ab'74, receivedhis law degree from Western State University Collège of Law of OrangeCounty, Fullerton, California.SUZANNE PRESCOTT, PhD'74, isteaching a class in "Motherhood as a Social and Biological Process" at Governors State University in Park ForestSouth, Illinois. She is a professor of be-havioral studies there.LOUISE WILLETT STANEK, PhD'74,received a Distinguished Alumni Awardfrom Eastern Illinois University for "distinction in her chosen career." She ismanager of training and developmentfor Philip Morris, Inc. of New YorkCity.KENT D. TALBOT, AM'74, is law librar-ian and assistant professor of law atOklahoma City University. He was previously at the University of Texas' Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs where he was library director and afaculty member.ALLEN M. TUREK, am'74, received aJD from New York University LawSchool in New York City.1975THOMAS J. EDWARDS, MBA'75, wasnamed a banking officer of NationalBank of North America in New YorkCity.WARREN J.PAUL, AB'75, is employedas a structural engineer in the advancedstructures and hydraulics branch of theHarza Engineering Company inChicago. Mr. Paul is also an associatemember of the American Society ofCivil Engineers.ERIC ROSENKRANZ, MBA'75, joinedFoote, Cône & Belding in Chicago as anaccount executive.STEVE SMITH, AB'7 5, writes fromSanta Clara, California, he has enteredlaw school. He was a régional directorfor the Alumni Fund of The Universityof Chicago Development Office.1976BRADFORD ROSS ROBINSON, SB'76, andSUSAN ISABEL KIRCHNER, AB'76, weremarried in September in New Havenwhere they will réside for the remainderof the académie year.Some Récent Books by AlumniBERNADINE BAILEY, AB'24, AmericanShrines in England, A. S. Barnes andCompany, $15.00CLARK M. EICHELBERGER, X'24, Or-ganizing for Peace: A Personal History ofthe Founding of the United Nations,Harper &Row, $12.50.earl v. pullias, m'31, A Teacher IsMany Things, Indiana University Press,$15.00, paper: $4.95.STUDS TERKEL, PhB'32, JD'34, Talking to Myself, Panthéon, $10.00.ELDER OLSON, AB'34, AM'35, PhD'38,Oison' s Penny Arcade (poetry), The University of Chicago Press, paper: $2.95,available in cloth.ALBERT parry, ab'35, PhD'38, Ter-rorism: From Robespierre to Arafat, Van-guard Press, $17.50.HERBERT A. SIMON, AB'36, PhD'43,The New Science of Management Décision,Prentice-Hall, $10.95, paper: $5.95.RILEY SUNDERLAND, AB'37, &Charles F. Romanus (eds.), Stilwell's Personal File: China-Burma-lndia, 1942-501944, Scholarly Resources Inc.,$260.00.ITHIEL DE SOLA POOL, AB'38, AM'39,PhD'52, The Social Impact of the Téléphone, The Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology Press, $14.95.D. T. DEGROOT, PhD'39, Hymns forHoly Communion, and Churches and theNorth American Indian, private press.ELIZABETH WIRTH MARVICK, PhB'44,AM'46, (éd.), Psycho-Political Analysis:Selected Writings of Nathan Leites, Hal-sted Press.DANIEL GEROULD, AB'46, AM'49,PhD'59, (éd.), Twentieth- Century PolishAvant-Garde Drama: Plays, Scénarios,Critical Documents, Cornell UniversityPress, $15.00.IVAN DAVID MANSON, PhB'48, SM'54,Blitzlicht Passage, Pyramid Press, andBitterPills, Citadel Press.WILLIAM M. SALTMAN, PhD'49, (éd.),The Stereo Rubbers, John Wiley & Sons,$40.50.BERYL W. SPRINKEL, MBA'49, &Robert J. Genetski, Winning withMoney, DowJones-Irwin, $10.95.CONSTANCE PERIN, AB'50, AM'72,Everything In Its Place: Social Order andLand Use in America. Princeton University Press, and With Man in Mind:An Interdisciplinary Prospectus for Environmental Design, The MIT Press.NATHAN KEYFITZ, PhD'52, AppliedMathematical Demography, John Wiley &Sons, $19.95.THOMAS A. METZGER, AB'52, EscapeFrom Predicament: Neo-Confucianism andChinas Evolving Political Culture, Co-lumbia University Press.DONALD E. MILLER, AM'52, TheWing-Footed Wanderer, Abingdon Press.CARL SAGAN, AB'54, SB'55, SM'56,PhD'60, The Dragons of Eden: Spéculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence, Random House, $8.95.JOHN W. C. JOHNSTONE, AM'55,PhD'61, EDWARD J. SLAWSKI, AM'68, &William W. Bowman, The News People: ASociological Portrait of American Jour-nalists and Their Work, The Universityof Illinois Press, $9.95.DENNIS J. PALUMBO, AM'58, AM'59,PhD'60, Statistics in Political and Behav-ioral Science, Columbia University Press.M. EVA VERBITSKY HUNT, AM'59,PhD'62, The Transformation of the Hum-mingbird: Cultural Roots of a Zinacante-can Mythical Poem, Cornell UniversityPress.LEONARD H. KAPELOVITZ, SB'6l, ToLove and To Work: A Démonstration and A spécial Christmas giftfor lovers of fine photographyand students of architecture"Dreams in Stone is a book of photography, a book of architecture, andabove ail, a book of The University of Chicago." That's what the book criticfor Chicago magazine said about this outstanding publication.Dreams in Stone is a documentation of the University campus by threedistinguished photographers: Luis Médina, José Lopez, and Patrice Grim-bert. The Chicago Daily News called the pictures "paragons of the demand-ing art of photography."Their subject is the campus's élégant architecture — ornate quadranglesfrom the 1890s, the magnificent Regenstein Library, the latest work ofMies and Saarinen. More than 70 of America's leading architects hâve builttheir work hère.For students of architecture, for lovers of photography, Dreams in Stone isa book to own.I enclose $_ _for_ _copy (ies) of Dreams in Stone:The University of Chicago @ $35.00.Make checks payable to: THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOVice Président for Public AffairsBox 100, 970 E. 58th StreetChicago, Illinois 60637Name Address _City _State_ _Zipcode_51Discussion of Psychotherapy, Grune &Stratton, Inc.GERALD MAST, AB'6l, AM'62, PhD'67,Film Cinéma Movie, Harper & Row,$17.50.FRIEDHELM RADANDT, AM'6l,PhD'67, From Baroque to Storm and Stress:1 720-1775, Barnes & Noble.PHILIP G. ALTBACH, AB'62, AM'63,PhD'66, (éd.), Perspectives on Publishing,Lexington Books.CHANDRA K. JHA, MBA'62, StanleyGoldhaber, & Manuel C. Macedo, Jr.,Construction Management: Principles andPractices, John Wiley & Sons, $19.95.ROXANE WITKE, AM'62, ComradeChian Ch'ing, Little, Brown & Co.GERALD ZALTMAN, MBA'62, &Robert Duncan, Stategies For PlannedChange, John Wiley & Sons, $19-95.THOMAS J. COTTLE, AM'63, PhD'68,Collège: Reward and Betrayal, The University of Chicago Press, $10.95.DONALD E. GOWAN, PhD'64, BridgeBetween the Testaments: A Reappraisal ofJudaism from the Exile to the Birth ofChristianity, "Pittsburgh TheologicalMonograph Séries," Pickwick Press.JERE E. BROPHY, AM'65, PhD'67, &Carolyn M. Evertson, Learning fromTeaching: A Developmental Perspective,Allyn& Bacon, $5.95.KENNETH KIPNIS, AM'66, Philosoph-ical Issues in Laiv: Cases and Materials,Prentice-Hall, Inc.PATRICK J. SHERRY, AM'67, Religion,Truth and Language-Games, Barnes &Noble.KATHLEEN McCOURT, AM'67,PhD'75, Working-Class Woman andGrass-Roots Politics, Indiana UniversityPress, $10.00.RUSSELL R. MILLER, AM'67, PtlD'71,Drug Effects in Hospitalized Patients,John Wiley & Sons, $17.50, and DrugTherapy Reviews, Volume I, MassonPublishing, $26.00.DOROTHY J. SOLINGER AB'67, Régional Government and Political Intégration m Southwest China, 1949-1954,The University of California Press.ELLEN WILLIAMS, PhD'70, HarrietMonroe and the Poetry Renasissance: TheFirst Ten Years of Poetry. 1912-1922,The University of Illinois Press, $10.95.JAMES W. SANDERS, PhD'70, The Education of an Urban Minorit): Catholics inChicago. 1833-1965, Oxford UniversityPress, S13.95.COSTAS M. PROUSSIS, PhD'71, PoreisZois I Course of Life), Zavallis Press, Cyp-rus, S 12.00. FOR THE RECORDIn MemoriamFAIRFAX M. CONE, member of theBoard of Trustées of The University ofChicago and its chairman from 1963 to1970, died June 20 at his home in Car-mel, California, after a long illness. Mr.Cône was also director emeritus/founder/chairman of Foote, Cône &Belding Communications in Chicago.He was devoted to the University and toits greatness and was an ardent spokes-man for it. Mr. Cône was also active inmany civic and educational affairs. Hewas elected to the American AdvertisingFédération Hall of Famé and to the Illinois Business Hall of Famé and had received many awards for his professionaland humanitarian achievements.1900-1919ELLEN ALLEN BURKE, FS'02.FLORA WEILL SACHS, PhB'04.MARY E. MACKLIN WHITELAW, SB'07.MARY REYNOLDS MORTON, PhB'08.EDITH OSGOOD EATON, PhB'09,AM'14; GEORGE FULLER, SR., PhB'09-DEBORAH STEELMAN, PhB'10; MAR-GARET MARY TIBBETS, PhB' 10.CYRUS LEROY BALDRIGE, PhB'l 1, a retired commerical artist whose sketchesof "The Yank" became part of WorldWar I folklore, died last June; DR. ED-MUND J. BURKE, SB'll, MD'13; ELLENMACNEISH DYMOND, PhB'll; W. V.MORGENSTERN, PhB'll. CHRISTINA M. HUGHES, PhB'12; MRS.EUGENE HUTCHINSON, PhB'12; DR.EDWARD J. STRICK, MD'12; LOIS KENNEDY PLASMAN, SB'12, AM'36.MAGDALEN BERG, PhB'13; THOMASE. SCHOFIELD, SB'13.HARRY COMER, PhB'14; DR. HENRY H.COX, SB' 14, MD'16; DONALD L. BREED,PhB' 14; DR. BENJAMIN RAPPAPORT,SB'14, MD'15.MRS. PAGE KERNS GAYMAN, X'15;ESTER BIRCH LEECH, AB'15; ILONA S.LUHMANN, PhB'l 5; DR. JAY H. McCOR-MACK, MD'15; JOSEPH B. SHINE,PhB'15, AM'19; JOSEPH WEINERT,PhB' 15; IRA O.JONES, PhB'15.ETHEL A. BARR, SB'l6; EDWARDBOLMEIER, AM'16, PhD'36, retired professor of éducation at Duke Universitydied in February; DR. BENJAMINGRICHTER, SB'l6, MD'17; RUTH V.HALES, X'l6; ALICE L. HERTEL, PhB'16,DR. FRANK SCHUSTER, SB'l6, MD'18;MARION DAVIDSON, SB' 16, noted ar-chitect, died in August.HANNAH M. BUNGE, PhB'17; EDITHLYNCH HEIBSCH, AM'17; NELLIE C.KEARINS, PhB'17, AM'36; HARRY A. TETER, X'17; LULU E. WRIGHT, PhB'17;RALPH B. KRAETSCH, X'17.GUSTAVE E. LANDT, SB'18; HELENkich, PhB'18, PhD'21, professoremeritus in the Department of Behav-ioral Sciences at the University died inJuly.FEDERICK C. KULIEKE, X'19; GERALDINE GALLON MacKENZIE, AM'19,52DOROTHY E. PERHAM, PhB'19, AM'26;EDWARD B. WILSON, PhB' 19.1920-1929MARY HELEN SHIPLEY CHATTERTON,X'20; MARGARET HAGGOTT FLINT,PhB'20; GERALD A. KATUIN, PhB'20,PhD'23; RUTH STRAHAN MAINE, SB'20;DR. FRANK RATTY, MD'20.EDWIN FINN, X'21; HOWARD GOODMAN, x'21, a lifelong résident of HydePark, active in community and city-wideorganizations and a trustée of the University, died in February; NORMAN S.HAYNER, PhB'21, dean emeritus of theUniversity of Washington's Departmentof Sociology, died in May.ALFRED W. BRICKMAN, PhB'22,former track star at the University andretired président of the Illinois MéatCompany in Chicago, died in March; DR.KENNETH D. COCHEMS, MD'22; GREGEVANS, SM'22; AGNES LOUDON, PhB'22;FANNY FURER POTSHKE, X'22; ADAHLEE STRASZER SB'22, SM'29; GORDONDAVIS, SM'22.FLORENCE JUSTIN, AM'23; JAMESLEVERETT HOMIRE, PhB'23, JD'26; DR.JULIO PAEZ, MD'23; RALPH G. RUPP,x'23.EDGAR BIBAS, PhB'24; CHARLESBRICKMAN, PhB'24; J. OLIVER BUSWELL,JR., AM'24; CARLTON M. CORBETT,JD'24; MARGARET AITKEN IRION,AM'24; JOHN P. LUNDBORG, X'24.LOREN CARTER, x'25; MERIDITY P.GILPATRICK, PhB'25, PhD'5 7; ANNAMAY JONES, PhB'25; WESLEY D. MITCH-ELL, PhB'25; LOUIS SATTLER, PhD'25.JACOB E. ALSCHULER, JD'26; DR.OSCAR BEDANSKY, PhB'26, a pioneer inthe use of biochemistry for the détectionof serious diseases and cancer; WILLIAMBRONWELL, PhD'26; ELIZABETH HUMESCHAPMAN, PhB'26; JAMES L. HOMIRE,JD'26; CRAIG R. JOHNSON, JD'26; WILLIAM W. McCOLLUM, PhB'26; JAMESWATSON PAINTER, x'26; CLARARUBOUITS, PhB'26.WILLIS B. BARBER, PhB'27; JOHNCHUMASERO, SB'27; RUDOLPH T. ERIC-SON, SB'27; HARVEY GENSKOW, PhB'27,AM'34; LOUIS ABE MEYER, PhB'27; EDWARD J. REDDEN, SB'27, MBA'48.ARNOLD ALEXANDER, PhB'28, JD'28;HOWARD R. ANDERSON, AM'28; DR.THOMAS D. ARMSTRONG, PhB'28,MD'33; JEAN MARY SCOTT BARRON,PhB'28; IRMA SELZ ENGELHARDT,PhB'28; TA YLOR JACKSON, AM'28; RUTHZADA MOORE, SB'28; HELEN BARRETTROSENQUIST, AM'28. NELSON ALLEN, MS'29; LOWELLSPENCE CALVIN, SB'29; DR. RUDOLPHLEYERS, SB'29, MD'34; NORA STICKL-ING, PhB'29.1930-1939ELMER H. GROGAN, X'30; CARL MARTINROSENQUIST, PhD'30; CALVIN S.YORAN, SB'30, PhD'33.blossom lane cahill, phb'31;ethel searl reed crane, phb'31;florence ferguson, phb'31;raymond fox, phb'31; ruthwilhelmina ihle, pnb'31; stanley r.korshak, phb'31, ralph b. long,am'31; hugh strane richards,phb'31; helen whitehouse brueck,am'31; robertj. smith, x'31.dr. ivar dolph, md'32; maryheighin, pbb'32, am'34; ruth lymanhill, sb'32; lester kellogg, x'32;eldor c. sieving, phb'32, am'38; dr.vaughn winchell, md'32; harrietmay wright, phb'32; zell s. walter,AM'32.DR. LEON COMROE, SB'33, MD'37;WOOD GRAY, PhD'33; DR. HERBERTLEVIN, MD'33; CHARLES REED SAULTER,x'33.EFFIE ELLIS, PhB'34; WORTHIE H.HORR, PhD'34, professor emeritus ofbotany at Kansas University, died inJune; CHARLES OLMSTED, X'34, pro-fessor emeritus of biology at the University died in November; FREDSTEADY,JD'34.BERNICE GREENARD ROSENBAUM,PhB'35.DR. J. WINFORD MATHER, MD'36; DR.CARLMAUSER. MD'36.DR. PAUL BATTIES, MD'37; H. REG-INALD GREENHOLT, PhD'37; EDWARDGRODY, SB'37; WILLIAM W. HAGGARD,PhD'37; STELLA LIEN, PhB'37, HOWARDM. PRATT, X'37.WILLIAM GUNN, AM'38; HENRYHEINTZ, SB'38; ELEANOR RUDNICK,PhB'38; EMIL M. SUNLEY, SR., PhD'38.ALPHAEUS GUHL, SM'39, PhD'43,sociobiology pioneer, died in August;DR. GEORGE HARTLEY, SR., MD'39;MARIE THERESA KAN, AB'39, AM'42.1940-1949NORMAN HOLMES, X'40; SOL MIRAN,AB'40; DR. HOWARD B. THOMAS, MD'40.ALLEN S. FOX, SB'41, PhD'48; LILLIANMILES HOBSON, AM'41.HERBERT GOLDHAMER, PhD'42;CLARA EDWARDS RANDALL, X'42;ROBERT F. WINCH, PhD'42, professor ofsociology at Northwestern University and twice a récipient of a GuggenheimFellowship, died of cancer last April.ALICE LEE BOREN KURK, AB'43; MIL-TON J.JEWETT, x'43.AVIVAH ZUCKERMAN, PhD'44, professor of parasitology at Hebrew University, died in Jérusalem last May.FRENCH M. CLEVINGER, X'45;ROBERT M. JOHNSON, X'45; MRS. FERNPENCE, AM'45.SOLOMON BROOKS CAULKER, AM'46;DR. JAMES L. TYSON, SB'46; MD'49-GEORGE BASICH, AM'47; GRANT COL-LINS, AB'47; THEODORE KEYON, AM'47.WESLEY R. FISHEL, PhD'48, professorof political science at Michigan State University died in April; WILLIAM HAMœBURGER, AB'48, PhD'51; DR. RICHARDREILLY, PhB'48, SB'50, md'53, professorof medicine at the University died lastMay.WALDEMAR GUNTHER, SB'49,PhD'56; ROBERT F. MURPHY, AM'49,executive vice président of the California Division of the American Cancer Society and recipiant of the University'soutstanding alumnus award in 1974,died in July.1 950-1 959GLEN A. PURDOM,JR., AM'50.HERBERTJ. STORING, AM'51, PhD'56,professor of political science at the University, died in September.martin diamond am'54, phd'56;paul c. e. nyholm, phd'52; johnrzeszut, mba' 5 2.michelle herrman diamond,ab'53, ab'55, am'55; fred lavin,phD'53.ELIZABETH McQUADE, AM'55; ANN E.PHILLIPS, AB'55, AB'57; EMMAJOSEPHINE HEFFRIN, AM'55.1960-1969PAUL GOTTSCHALK, AM'6l, PhD'65, anassociate professor of English at CornellUniversity, died last June.JAYS. BUDIN, SB'62.THOMAS F. CALLAHAN, JD'63, died inhis Hyde Park home.JERRY PRESHIREN, MBA'69; MARILYNKANNER ROLFE, AB'68, PhD'73.1970-1974DAVID R. AFFELDER, AB'72, died in anaccident in Alaska.CHARLES E. NOLL, PhD'73, assistantprofessor of art at Illinois Wesleyan University, died last May; WILLIAM J.WRIGHT, PhD'73.FORREST RAY MARTIN, MBA'74.53The Will of Seccacherip, King of Assyrict,705-681 B.C., reads, "To my favoriteson, Esarhadden, I bequeath mybracelets, coronets and other preciousobjects of gold, ivory and jewels,deposited for safe keeping in the Templeof Nabo."You, too, can make a kingly gesture byremembering THE UNIVERSITY OF., .è Si&tC^ .r*: ,^S CHICAGO in your Will, or by creating a-*. -— ,.,' "~.w. "•— «**^*' ^ Life Income Trust or Gift Annunity.For information write or call:Théodore P. HurwitzDirector of Gift and Estate PlanningThe University of Chicago5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue(312) 753-493054LETTERS TO THE EDITORsFrom the GothicThe inscription on the open book on"Letters" page is clearly in Gothic.However, not having a Gothic di-ctionary, I cannot supply a translation. Irecognize only the word BRHT<I>, pro-nounced bringgith, which means exactlywhat it still does in English. FRIGANS,pronounced freeyance may be related tofree or Friede (peace) or Freude ( joy).Check with the Germanie Department,as I'm simply guessing about that word.The adjacent book is inscribed in someRomance Language. It would be interesting to publish translations of both.Stuart-Morgan Vance, PhD '74Louisville, KentuckyAfter ail the flak you hâve received re-garding the dark blue color of the coveron the Spring '77 issue, let me say thatyears at Chicago taught me to read ailkinds of difficult and obscure texts, and Ididn't mind the color one bit. But thediscussion of your "Letters" logo isenough to make any Germanist weep.That particular alphabet was "mixed,"indeed created, by the West Gothicbishop Wulfila in approximately 380A.D. for the purpose of translating theBible. The initial capital and the dieresis(which does not occur medially afterconsonants) aside, your text reads, trans-literated, [s]p sunja frijans izwis briggi<I>,a rendering of John viii, 32, "And thetruth shall make you free." The décora tion at the lower right of the page dupli-cates that found in the Codex Argentius,the Gothic manuscript at the Universityof Uppsala, and was used in the originalto frame cross-references.Pardon the vigor and speed of this re-sponse; it should show no more thanthat the legacy of Robert M. Hutchins,so splendidly presented in the latest issue, has come down to old U of C'ers.Thank you for the réminiscences and forthe coverage of our Phi Gamma Delta75th Anniversary. Don't forget to usethe scholarly resources of the University.Charles A. Wright, AM'63, PhD '75Crawfordsville, IndianaGentlemen, our thanks. You are alsothe scholarly resources of the University. — Ed.HutchinsThe address given by the HonorableEdward H. Levi, "The Legacy of RobertM. Hutchins," in the Summer 1977issue . . . was most scholarly and a trib-ute to one of the most distinguishededucators who ever lived.Having been a former student of Professor Hutchins (philosophy). I . . . cantruthfully state that Hutchins was a manengrossed with ideas, both innovative and expérimental, as boundless as thesea, and whose touch and go methodol-ogy, strengthened our nerves andsharpened our skills. He was the hub ofeducational leadership in America, apace-setter, not a camp-follower.Col. B. Everand Blanchard, AM'56Villa Park, IllinoisSixteen-inch Soft bailJust a few words of comment on the article by David Rieser, "In Search ofChicago Softball," in the Summer issue.They come from someone who playedthe 16-inch game literally night and dayfor many years, beginning in the middle1920s.First, he is wrong when he writes of abatter "putting ail his weight into amighty swing and watching the bail defyail physics and common sensé and saillazily out to second base."Nonsense. The beauty of 16-inchslow-pitch was the emphasis on hitting,which made it such an action-packedgame. Our outfielders played every bitas far out as those in the 12- and 14-inchgames. In fact, we had a tenth playerwho covered the interstices betweensecond and center field, too much terri-tory for one man to manage. If youdoubt this, check the photo on page 5and see how far out the outfielders areplaying. Incidentally, the bat on theshoulder of the batter reminds me ofwhat Kyle Anderson, then coach, toldme when I was on the University'sfreshman squad — hard bail — "Keep thebat off your shoulder so you'll be readyto swing."Rieser is also wrong about the dates of"city-wide leagues and cross-town rival-ries ..." By the mid-20s, the ChicagoBoard of Education, which had its ownplaygrounds, had city-wide leagues. Iknow; I traveled to many a tough neigh-borhood and the West and far Southsides to play — and sometimes get chasedfor winning.We often referred to the 16-inch bailas an "indoor," reflecting, as Riesnerpoints out, its interior beginnings.Thanks, Rieser, for restoring my sanityafter ail thèse years of yokels north,south, and west, who thought I had in-vented the 16-inch bail in my mind —where it stayed.Sydney H. Kasper, PhB' 3 3Silver Spring, Maryland55"Getting Through"I read with interest the article, "GettingThrough," in the Spring '77 issue of theMagazine, but I saw no mention of theUniversity's Steam Plant as a source ofemployment. Possibly it is no longeravailable, but I remember that the op-portunity was présent for several yearsbecause I was an undergraduate when Iheard that the Steam Plant hired students to help with the cleaning and rebuilding of their furnaces. It was notuntil my second or third year in theMédical School, when I had my onlysummer free, that I was able to take thisjob. Compared to other available jobs,the pay was magnificient; the work,although sometimes monotonous andoften grimy, was not really; and the expérience, if not immediately practical,was certainly interesting.I was surprised to discover that steamand hot water were piped to the University buildings through tunnels whichpassed under the Midway and then hon-eycombed the entire campus area. Manyof thèse tunnels were large enough towalk through, and, on several occasions,I was allowed to accompany the maintenance staff on their regular inspectiontours. I soon learned where most of themajor shutoff valves were located andwhich manholes were closest to thedormitories so that I could pop up frombelow to greet astonished classmates andfriends. I must confess that this "Phan-tom of the Opéra" syndrome persistedfor awhile — after I returned to myclasses, I would often threaten anyonewho displeased me with immédiate lossof their hot water and steam unless theyrepented promptly.I would be remiss if I did not enlargeon the sometimes monotonous portionsof the work at the Steam Plant. Somewere amenable to everyday défensemeasures — one could always think ofsome way to vary the work while vac-uum cleaning an entire four story structure. Others required spécial measureswhich brings me to the most deadeningchore ever conceived, paint chipping.When no other work could be found,the foreman would pass out smallbevel-headed hammers which were usedto chip loose paint preparatory to re-painting the trestles over which the rail-road cars carried coal to the Steam Plant.As little as one hour of this brainless ac-tivity was enough to make me start hal-lucinating, and anything over two hoursmade me seriously doubt that I would ever recover sufficiently to be able tostudy anything again. Luckily, I was in-troduced by the regular staff to a technique called "riding the elevator" whichproved so therapeutic that I was able toreturn to my classes and graduate without any noticeable residual effect.This technique consisted simply ofleaving your post on the trestle when thechipping became unbearable, and goingto the men's room. For some unknownreason, the mens room was on thefourth floor, so a ride on the elevatorwas necessary. On arriving, however,you did not disembark, but pressed thebutton to return to the first floor. Re-peating this séquence many times had avery calming effect, and, eventually, areturn to the trestle could be consid-ered. You had to leave the elevator afterawhile because the foreman would befound waiting at the end of one of yourtrips. This never caused any difficultybecause he could be informed that youwere returning from the men's room ifhe was waiting on the first floor; if hewas waiting on the fourth floor, you toldhim you were enroute to the men'sroom. In either case, you returned toyour post with the understanding thatanother riding session would be available later, if needed.Although the location of the SteamPlant is shown on the end-leaf map inthe recently published Dreams in Stoneon Number 117 (F-10), no photographwas printed. While I do not recall that ithas any outstanding architectural fea- tures, I was sorry that this vénérablestructure was not shown. I hope thatsomeday The University of Chicago Magazine will honor this mémorable building by showing its photograph. The rail-road trestle need not be included.Herman Wolfson, MD'53Newington, ConnecticutBritish History ClubApparently I missed an article on theBritish History Club, but the letterabout it from Gary M. Waldo in yourSpring issue aroused some pleasant recollections. I was involved in the club in1951-52, when Charles Mowat andAlan Simpson were its faculty sponsors,and Gordon Goodman and GèneLavengood were active student members. Meetings were in members'homes; I can't swear there was port, butsomething produced warmth andédification.Nancy Green, AM'54Evanston, IllinoisCréditsPhotographyCourtesy of Smart Gallery 2, 3Allen R. Evans 5Carol Meyer 7Art Shay 9Al Fresco 8 (bottom), 30, 56Courtesy of Mrs. Hedwig Loeb 32 (bottom), 33Mike Sheilds 32 (top)Courtesy of Renaissance Society 8 (top)ArtMonkey's Taie: Chao Hung-pen &Chien Hsiao-taiPrésidents' Papers: Eileen FeibusOur spécial thanks to Christopher Yu forlending us the arrwork for The Monkey'sTaie.Design: Paula S. Ausickin its temperate glory, the Blackstone Avenue Power Plant. Built in 1929 — not anauspicwus year — by architects Neiler, Rich& Co. and Philip Maher.56ON THE COVER. Eurus, the autumnwind, his quarter in the east and south-east. The fruit he bears is the most obvi-ous symbol borne by any of the winds onRosenwakTs Tower. To the ancients, theautumn is always the bearer of fruit,potnifer. In the Greek texts, Eurus is notas clearly personified as any of the otherwinds. Hesiod even leaves one in doubtthat he was a true brother of the otherthree. One has to rely on représentations on artifacts, and some ofthose are spectacular.To the Romans this wind was Vultur-nus, blowing from Mount Vulture,heralding the feast of Vulturnia, the finaltoo-sweet moment of the exhaustedearth. In every text there is an association with mortality, brevity; in most thesuggestion of something monstrous,foreign, Oriental. That magnificentTyphon, dragon with a hundred headsand ail the corresponding feet and hands,who could speak the languages of ailbcasts, is confused by some writers withthis Vulturian wind and, by ail, isassociated with it.It is confusing to identify the windswith the seasons. The confusion is notours; it is ail there in Homer andHesiod. Man's knowledge of the windsis more personal, older than and separate from the calculation of seasons.Spanish farmers will still call the solstices the gâtes of the year, but the pre-vailing winds do not wait for the openingof the gâtes each quarter. In theMediterranean, as in the Midwest, thefruit-bearing season begins before autumn and often ends before autumn begins. The old poets ail call autumn"brief." After the calendar was n.by the Romans, they refer to the monthof September as brief. In fact, in theMediterranean's latitudes as in ours theyear is half summer and half winter. Thesun and the stars may clearly indicatefour solstices; the plants and animais andwinds march to a différent drummer.Eurus, in the autumn, like Notos inthe summer, blew generally from thesouth, the first a more westerly and thelast from a more easterly direction. Butboth blew into Greece and Italy andtheir islands from the huge désert acrossthe water. Eurus made any boat traffic from north to south in the Mediterranean dangerous, and almost any fromeast to west fatal. He often brought adarkening of the dawn skies at the horizon, littering the waters with dirt andsand, carrying across them strange in-sects, even birds. He coincided also withthe descent from the mountains ofstrange men and animais, moving downfrom the altitudes where winter was be-ginning early, towards the more temper-ate lands next to the water.He was a wind who signalled not thebeginning of a season, but a culminationand end. If it was a time of olives and oil,lemons, oranges and spices, it was also atime without flowers, a time of an urgentgathering of what could be saved and thewaste of what could not be kept.If the Romans thought of vultures onthe southeast wind, it is clear from theimages on tombs and vases that theGreeks thought of winged créaturestoo — Harpies of a sort, some so ancientthat they had not become differentiatedin shape very much from the kindly,cleansing north wind spirits who areoften seen chasing thèse befouling Harpies away. But both kinds look likewinged humans. It is not a bad insight,that. The image is more telling than thefabulous dragon Typhon or the real birdvulture.Our Eurus, Vulturnus, is robed,cowled, fruitful; his stone neck keepsthe long lines, angles, and planes of arock not chiseled into quite a humanfigure, as though he were grimacingmonumentally, spilling his apples, pears,and grapes right out of the folds of hislap.In Chicago, of course, the wind sailsacross the Lake from the refinery-studded shores of Indiana.ML \UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOSERIAL RECORD OEPTLIBRARY1116 EAST 5<3TH STREETCHICAGO ; 6063"