fhe University of Chicagomagazine March 1968 JUL 1 5 1968 %'lï'MMï^m^é^M^ï-ï'•^f^Uéf/K^'First Annual Cabinet Meetingi v <\*&'****r^*^.r ™B^^^Si âr^ «JE*flLJ9flJrS J^T^W^H » Bll S > -£._ Br 13 bbm^im^ ,- ••m: «y»-¦ «i Bf!SThe University of ChicagomagazineVolume LX Number 6Mardi 1968Published since 1907 byTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATION5733 University AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637(312) 643-0800, ext. 4291Fay Horton Sawyier, '44, PhD'64PrésidentC. Ranlet LincolnDirector of Alumni AffairsConrad KulawasEditorREGIONAL OFFICES39 West 55 StreetNew York, New York 10019(212) 765-54803600 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 1510Los Angeles, California 90005(213) 387-2321485 Pacific AvenueSan Francisco, California 94133(415) 433-40501629 K Street, N.W., Suite 500Washington, D.C. 20006(202) 296-8100Subscriptions : one year, $5.00;three years, $13.00; fiveyears, $20.00; life, $100.00.Second-class postagepaid at Chicago, Illinois. Ailrights reserved. Copyright 1968 byThe University of Chicago Magazine. 1016 ARTICLESFirst Annual Cabinet MeetingNational alumni leaders on campusCorning of Age in '76Walter I. PozenBasketball at Chicago : Glory on the ReboundCharles B. BernsteinDissent, Dissension, and the NewsDaniel J. BoorstinDEPARTMENTS20 Quadrangle News23 People24 Club News26 Alumni News29 Memorials30 Profiles33 ArchivesThe University of Chicago Magazine is published monthly, October through June, for alumniand the f aculty of The University of Chicago. Letters and editorial contributions are welcomed.Front Cover: At the First Annual Cabinet Meeting are (l.-r.) Walter I. Pozen, Mrs. CalvinP. Sawyier, Président of the Alumni Association, and John S. Coulson (see story, p. 2).Inside Cover: The top of Mitchell Tower and Hutchinson Commpns, seen from the West,framed by spring branches.Photography Crédits: Front cover, inside cover, and pages 2, 4-6, and 31 by Uosis Juod-valkis; page 11 by Bob Rice; pages 16, 20, 24, and 25 by The University of Chicago.FridayFebruary 99:00 AM10:45 AM12:30 PM2:30 PM7:00 PM8:30 PMSaturdayFebruary 109:00 AM12:00 Noon2:30 PM5:00 PM CABINET PROGRAMThe "New" CollègeCenter for Continuing EducationTwo of the five Collegiate Divisions des-cribed and discussed, including their goals,curriculums, innovations, problems.Robert L. Platzman,Master, Physical Sciences Collegiate Division.James M. Redfield,Master, New Collegiate Division.Luncheon Center for Continuing EducationRemarks by Mrs. Calvin P. Sawyier, Association Président, and Charles U. Daly,University Vice Président for Developmentand Public AffaireChicago Students Today Cobb HallPanelists: Charles D. O'Connell, Dean ofStudents; Dr. Richard H. Moy, Director,Student Health Service; Meyer W. Isenberg,Acting Dean of Undergraduate Students;Harold A. Richman, Assistant Professor,School of Social Service Administration,and member, Advisory Committee on Student Life; and students Jeffrey Blum; MissCarolyn Chave; Edward Chikofsky; MarcCogan; Michael Koch-Weser; Jeffrey Kuta;Miss Alexandra Langsdorf; David Satter;Miss Chris Stem; Miss Rochelle Waldman.Dinner Oriental InstituteRemarks by Edward H. Levi,Provost of the UniversityPlanning for the FutureBreasted Hall, Oriental InstituteNaphtali H. Knox, Assistant Vice Présidentfor Physical Planning, will discuss projectedcampus developments, with colored slides.Campus TourA bus tour of the overall campus area, withstops at the Wyler Children's Hospital, theLaboratory for Astrophysics and Space Research, and a rehearsal of the ContemporaryChamber Players.Luncheon Center for Continuing EducationBusiness session.Installation of the new cabinet members,élection of officers, committee reports, andother business.The Admissions SituationCenter for Continuing EducationAnthony T. G. Pallett, Director of Admissions, and Margaret E. Perry, AssociateDirector of Admissions, discuss objectives,procédures and problems; the rôle ofalumni; and spécifie proposais for alumniparticipation in admissions.Réception The Présidents House At the réception at the Présidents House: chatting with Président George W. Beadle (in profile at left) are Mrs. K. A.Strand, Juage Hubert L. Will, and William R. Oostenbrug.Discussing student life: Mrs. Géraldine Alvarez and Miss Alexandra Langsdorf at a coffee shop in one of the informai sessions.2National alumni leaders on campus:First Annual Cabinet MeetingForty-six members of the Alumni Association's nationalgoverning body gathered on campus February 9 and 10for a refresher course in a subject more challenging andcomplex than any in the catalogs: the workings of the edu-cational enterprise known as The University of Chicago.In a varied program covering two full days (see facingpage), the group toured the campus, talked intimatelywith students, faculty members, and top administrativeofficers, received intensive briefings on admissions, physicalplanning, and the new Collège, and brought the Cabinet'sbusiness affairs up to date.TXwo of the five Collegiate Masters — Robert L. Platz-man from Physical Sciences and James M. Redfield fromthe New Collegiate Division — discussed achievements andproblems in their Divisions. Platzman pointed to theincreasing use of senior professors in the teaching ofundergraduates, a move urged almost unanimously byparticipants at the 1966 Alumni Conférence on the Collège. Platzman said the healthy tendency of today's studentsto complain was increasing, although^ he noted, not neces-sarily at the same rate as their ability to discriminate thetrivial from the significant. He blamed secondary schoolsfor inadéquate préparation in mathematics, an old andchronic situation which results in the aliénation of toomany good students from the sciences. Platzman describeda new computer club which numbers several non-sciencestudents among its membership. He said knowledge ofcomputer techniques is more and more necessary today.He mentioned talk hère of starting a course in computers,drawing an objection from one Cabinet member that suchknowledge could be gained later if needed in a career.Redfield described the genesis and the four originalprograms of the New Collegiate Division — CivilizationalStudies, History and Philosophy of Science, Ideas andMethods, and Philosophical Psychology. He went on tooutline a fifth program, added this year and unique inAmerican collèges, on the History and Philosophy ofReligion. Redfield said the NCD was partly intended toeducate students who were not planning to do graduatework, but it developed that the majority of students who enrolled do hâve such plans. A Cabinet member under-scored the need for survey courses and programs whichgive students all-around préparation to go directly intobusiness or other fields.Association Président Fay (Mrs. Calvin) Sawyier saidin her after-lunch remarks, February 9, that alumni canbest know and help the University if they actively seekinformation on it rather than passively accept what isdisseminated by the mass média. She expressed concernfor the ultimate survival of the nation's private universities,citing their growing tendency to rely on government grants,many of which she viewed as war-connected and havinghidden controls. She said universities should not let an-xiety about public image affect their policy décisions.Charles U. Daly, Vice Président for Development andPublic Affairs, made it clear in his response that he feelsThe University of Chicago is alert to the pitfalls cited byMrs. Sawyier. He pointed out that the University studiesproposed government grants with great care, requiringrevision where necessary and even rejecting some grants.And he gave strong reassurance that policy décisions aremade by faculty, officers, and trustées, not public relations personnel. The appointment of Provost Edward H.Levi to take over as Président when George W. Beadleretires this year, he said, is an example of the Trustées'concern that University officers be men of the highestability. Daly said increased alumni activity has helpedattract good students and faculty members to the University. He stressed the importance of alumni service in fundraising, and he noted that alumni contributions to theCampaign for Chicago amount to over $16,000,000.In small-room, small-group settings, Cabinet membersmet with student panels on Friday afternoon, then ailgroups gathered in one hall for a gênerai discussion. Somestudents, who appeared to be preparing themselves tosomewhat leisurely tell it like it is to an audience of old-timers, were surprised to find themselves undergoing abarrage of pertinent questions on their attitudes towardVietnam, LSD, the draft, black power, narcotics, civilrights, the pill, démonstrations. Several students com-plained that the University is dragging its feet in improv-ing and expanding student housing. They also complainedthat their fellow students are too complacent on thismatter.3Above: Dr. Richard H. Moy Ueft), Director of Student Health Service, sits in on a student panel at Cobb Hall with Miss CarolynChave and Marc Cogan. Looking on at right is Albert S. Cahn.Below: (from left) Edwin P. Wiley drives home a point in discussion with Dr. J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr., Robert L. Platzman, Masterof the Physical Sciences Collegiate Division, and Mrs. Wiley. A number of Cabinet members charged that studentswere preoccupied with "fringe benefits.""We've heard complaints about dormitory food, hous-ing, lack of love," said one alumnus to the students, "butnothing about éducation. I don't worry too much whetheryou study in a hot room or a cold room, as long as you'relearning. Hâve any of you been excited by an idea andfollowed it up with independent research?""Yes," retorted a student, "but that's a personal matter."Some Cabinet members, later discussing the exchange,couldn't décide whether to applaud or decry the fact thatstudents seemed to take for granted the high quality oféducation at Chicago.PJL rovost Levi, it developed, was the one to take theday's consensus award for telling it like it is. Followingthe catered dinner in the uniquely charming setting of theOriental Institute's main exhibition hall — under the impassive gaze of the ancient Assyrian bull which dominâtesthe room — the alumni and guests gathered in BreastedHall, where Levi dissipated any after-dinner headinesswith the directness of his remarks on University problems.*'It wasn't as if he gave out any state secrets," one observer said later. "It's his straightforward manner in discussing things which others speak of in lowered tones."Levi admitted faculty losses at Chicago, due to the intense compétition between universities for top professors.But he told the story of a foundation which discoveredthat two institutions which had petitioned for grants wereplanning to raid the Chicago faculty to set up their pro-posed programs. The institutions got their grants, but thefoundation also gave one to Chicago, where the facultystrength already exists.Levi spoke of the spécial problems of the University inits urban setting, the lack of community facilities, the"grimness and griminess" surrounding the campus. Onestudent, he said, told him, "I look out my window and Ithink of death." Levi discussed the University's concernfor its new budget, limited to an increase of slightly overthree percent this year, versus the ten percent increascsenjoyed in other récent years. He said uncertainties aboutgraduate enrolment due to the draft also contribute to5Above: At the dinner at the Oriental Institute. At lower leftare Mrs. Charles Schmidt and Brownlee Haydon. Standing atright are Provost Edward H. Levi (dark suit) and Cari Stanley.Seated around the table clockwise from them are Justice Stanley Mosk, Mrs. Robert G. Page, Dr. J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr., Calvin P. Sawyier, Mrs. Sawyier, Robert Kasanof, and Laura Berg-quist Knebel. In foreground at lower right is Dexter Fairbank.the problems in budgetary planning. Levi said the University is not interested in mass éducation, but is a re-search institution where creativity is carried over into theclassrooms. The institution is strong, he said, and thereare few rules for the faculty because it doesn't hâve to betold what to do. He pledged that the University wouldnever sell out its principles.Naphtali H. Knox, Assistant Vice Président for PhysicalPlanning, then took the rostrum to brief the Cabinet onthe proposed North Quadrangle (UCM, Nov., 1967) andScience Center, a complex of existing facilities and severalnew buildings.First stop of three Saturday morning campus visits was6 the Wyler Children's Hospital. Dr. Albert Dorfman, Chair-man of the Department of Pediatrics, described the hos-pital's unique facilities and its purpose as a trailblazer inpédiatrie treatment and research.At the Laboratory for Astrophysics and Space Research, Professor Anthony Turkevich briefed alumni onthe University's participation in twenty-one space-probemissions. He also displayed his Alpha Scattering Instrument, the "little gold box" sent to the Moon on Surveyors5, 6, and 7 to perform direct chemical analyses of thelunar surface, the first ever done on an extraterrestrialbody.At Lexington Hall, final stop of the morning, the Cabinet members got an inside view of the activities of theContemporary Chamber Players. Ralph Shapey, Asso-ciate Professor of Music and Director of the CCP, spokebriefly on contemporary music and his group. He thenintroduced flutist Jan Herlinger, who played a uniquepièce by Roman Haubenstock-Ramati called "Interpolation." The score for the work — a "musical mobile"—consists of fragments arranged and connected in diagram-matic fashion on a large board, providing the player witha sort of road map. Starting with any segment he pleases,the performer can proceed in any direction indicated by aConnecting line. The performer does not hâve absolutefreedom, since the number of connections and junctionsis limited, but he does hâve great flexibility. The workmay be performed by several players, each taking his ownroute through the score. Or, as was done in this case, thefirst performance can be taped, then replayed as accom-paniment to a second performance, which is again tapedand replayed as accompaniment, and so on.TJ^he business meeting after lunch on Saturday waschaired by C. Ranlet Lincoln, Director of Alumni Affairs,who proceeded with the installation of Cabinet membersand the élection of officers. He noted that présent officerswere elected in April, 1967, and installed, under the oldConstitution, in July, 1967. Under the revised Constitution, an Officer Nominating Committee is to be formed inodd-numbered years, to propose a slate to the next annualCabinet meeting. Such a Committee had been appointedat the Executive Committee meeting of Nov. 13, 1967,consisting of F. Strother Cary, Jr., chairman, Charles W.Boand, Dr. Frank B. Kelly, and Betty Stearns. Mr. Carypresented the Committeè's report, nominating the existingofficers: Président, Fay Horton Sawyier; Vice Présidents,George T, Bogert, Richard J. Smith, and Judge Hubert L.Will. The motion was made and carried that the reportbe accepted and the slate declared elected. Officers' termsare two years.The meeting also adopted an Executive Committee motion to limit service in the Cabinet to two consécutivethree-year terms, with eligibility for re-election restoredafter a one-year intérim.Mrs. Sawyier said she would in the near future circulatenames of proposed members of the Executive Committeefor approval by the Cabinet. Remaining committees —Finance, Awards, Program, Schools, Publications, andothers ad hoc — are appointed by the Président and donot require formai Cabinet approval. Mrs. Sawyier con-cluded the business meeting with a few remarks urging Cabinet members to consider seriously the statements ofstudents heard on the previous day and to look for waysto increase alumni involvement in admissions, whichwould be discussed in the folio wing session.Anthony T. G. Pallett, Director of Admissions, andMargaret E. Perry, Associate Director, briefed the Cabineton current admissions procédures, objectives, and problems. Pallett said that one acute problem was the need toincrease the number of staff visits to high schools— al-ready at a level of several hundred per year — despitelimited staff and resources. Miss Perry discussed some ofthe contributions made by alumni that the AdmissionsOffice finds especially helpful: conducting interviews andhosting conférences on admissions and social functionsfor prospective students. Pallett said that alumni can perforai important service by helping clear up some commonmisconceptions about the University: too radical, badneighborhood, too large, only a graduate school, and so on.Cabinet members responded enthusiastically to Pallet'ssuggestion that School Committees be set up by localalumni clubs, to represent the University at high schools.It was agreed that a program of alumni activity support-ing the Admissions Office be undertaken in the comingyear, with care taken that plans do not exceed thatOffice's capability for support or service. It was decidedthat each area interested in forming an alumni SchoolsCommittee will contact the Alumni Director, who willprovide an outline of a step-by-step program of activity.The two-day meeting drew to a close in the relaxedatmosphère of the réception at the Présidents House. Mr.and Mrs. Beadle chatted informally with Cabinet members.One alumna took guests on a guided tour of the coffee-table where Président Beadle's Nobel Prize lay — she justwanted others to hâve a chance to see and touch themedal. But expressions were thoughtful and conversations, although enthusiastic, had a serious air. Manyalumni expressed the wish to get even more closelyacquainted with students, to visit classrooms, dormitories,extra-curricular activities, social functions. Faculty members were guests as well as participants at most of thesessions, and alumni were constantly involved in dialogueswith them. But, like talking with students, thèse discussions served only to whet appetites for more of the same— -auspicious signs for future Cabinet meetings. ?7Walter L PozenCorning ofAge in 76A,^t America's birth the assemblage of men who led thefight for independence, then for the Constitution, was un-doubtedly as great as any seen on earth since the time ofPericles.Most of them were terribly young in 1776, the time ofthe Déclaration of Independence: John Adams was 41;Aaron Burr was 20; Alexander Hamilton was 19; ThomasJefferson was 33; James Madison was 25; James Monroewas 18; Thomas Paine was 39; George Washington wasWalter I. Pozen, AB'53, JD'56, is a résident partner in theWashington, D.C., law firm of Stroock & Stroock & Lavan.He was Assistant to the Secretary of the Interior from 1961to 1967. He is co-author, with J. H. Cerf, of Strategy forthe Sixties. He is a member of the Alumni Association' s National Cabinet. This article is the text of his remarks at theOwl & Serpent dinner, held during the 1967 Reunion. 44. (Benjamin Franklin is the only représentative of sig-nificance of another génération; he was 70.) Add thirteenyears to get their âges at the time the Constitution wasratified in 1789; virtually ail were still very young men,indeed! In their time, the great public issues -had to doprimarily with matters of quality, one might say: thequalities of freedom and independence, the quality of in-dividual rights, the quality of the government. Intangibles!By the time the United States Centennial rolled aroundin 1876, the great public issues included more matters ofquantity than of quality. Tangibles! Matters of land policy,of railroad expansion, of voice communication by téléphone, of vanishing frontier, of finance (and graft), ofbig business running amok, of labor starting to assertitself (for more money and fewer hours). The Civil Warhad been fought, but the human issue of that struggle wassoon lost to the Westward movement and to industrializa-tion.By the time the nation célébrâtes its bi-centennial in1976, however, the pendulum will hâve returned to issuesof quality. And — as at the beginning — the nation willquite literally be in the hands of youth: eighty percent ofour population will be under twenty-six years old.This huge and youthful population will hâve only a his-tory-book acquaintance with the last of the quantity issuesthat were the overwhelmingly large part of New Deal, FairDeal, New Frontier, and Great Society programs. To besure, there was American involvement in quality issuesduring the aforesaid administrations — issues like the establishment of the United Nations and civil rights. Yet,there is no denying that, from 1932 on, aside from thewinning of World War II, the UN Charter fight, and thestruggle for civil rights, the country's mind was generallyattuned to a staggering range of quantity (tangible) matters:— wages,— hours,— housing,— transportation,— inflation,— school construction (Bricks and mortar were, andstill are, emphasized. The discussion of what is or migftbe taught is a relatively dormant dialogue.),— foreign aid (The Peace Corps became a quality in-trusion in what otherwise had been and is an annual de-bate as to "how much," not "what kind.") ,— medicare and health législation and related subjects(But nobody was ready to do more than spend money. Wewould print a "danger" warning on packs of cigarettes,but would not outlaw them even as we upped appropriations for the National Cancer Institute from about $1million in 1945 to better than $100 million annually.),— social security (But no training for leisure.),— Food for Peace (But at home, the continued manufacture and consumption of the rich diet that has givenAmericans more arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis thanelsewhere on earth.),— highways (But more concern for the cloverleaf thanthe clover.).Xt is only since the start of the Sixties that matters ofquality hâve crept into the national consciousness andconfronted ail men of conscience. Thèse matters — or issues— of quality are and will be the bread-and-butter politicalissues with which our population will increasingly concernitself as it grows larger and younger. In 1976 our youthwill think not of OASI or the Fair Labor Standards Act.It will, rather, think of environmental, educational, eco-logical, ethereal questions. For the mind of the countrywill be on becoming more human, not more profitable.The new issues which are under discussion, and which willbe the vital issues in 1976, are conservation in the largestsensé — water pollution, air pollution, the city, urban planning (for in 1976 seventy-five percent of our people willbe living on less than one percent of our land base), éducation, (not how much, but for what), and so on.The adult experienced with street-corner politics willhâve no intimate knowledge of the street-corner applestand. The word "dépression" will hâve psychological orpsychiatrie — not économie — significance. The forty-hourwork week will be as unknown to the adult in 1976 as the"seven-twelves" of the Myron Taylor era of steel-makingis to the United Steelworker since the Fédéral Governmentbegan to take a look at wages and hours under the inter-state commerce clause.In government, it is possible there will be fewer "Task Forces." But far more — and far more complicated — taskswill hâve evolved. Analysis will be computerized, and cre-ativity more humanized. The issues will — overall — be moresubtle than substantive. The quality of living will be moreon men's minds than the standard of living (using criteriastill employed as of 1966, e.g., the cost of a pound of po-tatoes, of a gallon of gas, of médical services, etc.).John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson initiated ratherbold measures having to do with the quality of the envi-ronment. But, as the passage of législation is an annualaffair in the Congress, the long look ahead to the so-close-it-looks-bigger-and-bigger year of 1976, that long look ismore frenzied than fruitful. The planter in Washington isstill more interested in the harvest he can display in timefor élection than in the fertility of the future (in politics, adécade is an enormously distant future) and the abundanceof aspiration.What ail this boils down to is that there will be a major,broad, new spectrum analysis and emphasis in domesticpolitics in the next décade. But this is currently only sensed,at best, and not realized to the point of immédiate reactionand action by the powers that be in Washington.No, Washington, though partially aware, is also partiallyasleep. No, the university, historically the breeding groundof sweeping new societal urges, is much too grounded infoundation and government-supported research projects,or with industrial assignments under contract. In récentyears, only ten percent of the PhD's in mathematics turnedout by Massachusetts Institute of Technology went intoteaching; the others were snapped up by industry. Neitherwhimsy nor naivete should permit us to think that the"thinkers" in industry, either, are devoting themselves tomatters of environment. The tensor light has replaced themidnight oil, no doubt, but the papers of industry on whichit sheds its illumination hâve to do — more often than not with profit and product, not people or purpose.Who is going to travel forward a scant ten years andconsider the issues on which the people (youthful andyearning) will vote, on which they will elect leaders asyoung and dynamic and as concerned with "quality" aswere that Periclean assemblage that gave us life in a yes-terday so near that one's grandfather's grandfather mighthâve been there? He who does this now may, indeed, prob-ably will, lead the country in 1976. ?9Charles B. BernsteinBasketball at Chicago:Glory on the ReboimdFrom the top to the bottom and on the long road back.This is the story of basketball at Chicago, where nostalgiememories of superstars, championships, and glory areenshrined in dusty record books side by side with bleakstatistics of failure and disappointment. But hope is onthe rise once more. Coach Joe Stampf has put togethernine winning seasons out of eleven and the Fieldhousethis winter again echoed with the shouts of cheerleadersand capacity crowds. The inévitable comparisons withformer teams are made — and not idly, for there was atime when ail the nation's basketball fans watched theChicago Maroons.Chicago's basketball tradition goes back to the rootsof the game itself. Still whispered at Order of the "C"meetings is the rumor that the inventor of basketball wasnone other than Amos Alonzo Stagg. It is widely knownthat the game was developed at Springfield (Mass.)YMCA Collège in 1891-92 to give football players theirwinter exercise, and Dr. James A. Naismith is generallygiven the crédit. But who was then football coach atSpringfield Collège? And who would hâve had the great-est interest in seeing that his gridders remained in topcondition? Unfortunately the rumor stands undocumented,another of the many legends left in the wake of the GrandOld Man.Sk^Jtagg initiated UC's first cage era on March 5, 1893,when he organized a démonstration game — with 9-manteams — between the Undergraduates and the Theologians,thus placing the University among the first institutions toestablish the sport on an intramural basis. Stagg playedwith the Theologians, but the Undergraduates won, 1-0.A club-status team was soon formed, and during thewinter of 1893-94 the Maroons were the first collègeteam to play a full schedule, although other schools hadengaged in sporadic outside compétition at the end ofthe winter of 1892-93. The team, coached by HoraceButterworth and captained by Harry D. Hubbard, postedCharles B. Bernstein, AB'62, a Chicago attorney, has servedas basketball press director and radio announcer for thevarsity team. a 6-1 record, losing only to Central YMCA, 15-13. The1894 Cap & Gown attests to the sport's humble beginningsby listing the basketball team next to last, above only thefencing club.The 1894-95 team, with a 5-4-2 record (ties wereallowed in those days), featured Isaac S. Rothschild, todaythe only survivor of the nineteenth-century squads andone of the oldest members of the Chicago bar. In 1895-96the Maroons beat the University of Iowa 15-12 in thesport's first intercollegiate game in the West and the firstplayed under conditions similar to those of today: fivemen to a side and a référée on the playing floor.Despite a 5-2 record in 1896-97, basketball disappearedfrom UC until 1903, when it was given varsity status. A1904 Cap & Gown writer said the six-year gap was due"partly to lack of material and partly to lack of interestin the sport. Other collèges, however, both in the Westand East, go in for the game, and there is no reason whyChicago should not lead in the sport." The prédiction wastimely. In 1904-05, the Maroons posted a 9-3 record andWilliam M. Hunt and J. Roy Ozanne were mentioned asAil- American possibilities.The 1905-06 season marked the beginning of a legen-dary era. Wilfred Léonard Childs was finishing his three-year career as coach. Childs later served for over fortyyears as athletic director of New Trier high school inWilmette, 111., and obtained the first patent for a moldedbasketball, a refinement indispensable to today's standard-ized and fast-paced game. Arid 1905 was the year when,on Thanksgiving Day, représentatives from Chicago, Illinois, Minnesota, Purdue, and Wisconsin formed the Western Conférence basketball league. Team captain JamesMcKeag led the conférence in scoring that season, andmade the All-Conference team. He also was consideredfor Ail- American honors, along with freshman John J.Schommer.In 1906-07, Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, the Universitymédical director, took over the coaching reins and begana string of four consécutive conférence championships, aconférence record that would stand for over half a century.Chicago amassed an overall record of 22-2 and Schommer, with 95 points, led the league in scoring. Sparked bySchommer and captain Albert B. Houghton, both All-Americans, Raycroft's five won the Central AAU title10and was considered by some experts to be the country'stoughest amateur team. The next season was a repeatperformance. The team finished with a 24-2 record andSchommer again led the Western Conférence in scoring,this time with 105 points. He was generally considered thefinest basketball player in the nation. The fiery Harlan O."Pat" Page and Frederick Falls joined Schommer on theAll-Conference team, while William M. Georgen andArthur C. Hoffman completed the starting squad. Schommer and Page both made AH- American.A/\.fter winning the conférence title, the Maroons cap-tured the first truly national crown. They defeated Illinois,which had outplayed ail the teams of the South. At theend of the season they twice toppled Pennsylvania, thechampions of the East. As frosting on the cake, theMaroons closed the season by defeating Brigham YoungUniversity, acknowledged champion of the Far West."The showing of the team this year was so good that theBoard of Physical Culture and Athletics raised basketball from a minor sport to a major sport," stated the 1 908Cap & Gown, which had advanced its spread on the teamto a position right behind football, baseball, and track.Schommer, Georgen, Falls, Hoffman, and Page finallyreceived their varsity letters, although this originally hadbeen planned for an earlier season. "Truly," the yearbookcontinued, "has not basketball corne into its own?"It had indeed. Raycroft and his stars, Schommer andPage, covered themselves with glory in the 1908-09season. The team sailed undefeated through its schedule,racking up more than twice as many points as its op-ponents. Schommer scored 104 points to lead the conférence for the third straight year. Bill Schroeder of theHelms Athletic Foundation later lauded this squad as thebest of the pre-World-War-I teams. Schommer and Page,also stars of Stagg's champion football team, both received All-American honors and later were awardedplaces in the Helms Hall of Famé.Dr. Raycroft, who was to become an original memberRight: Center Marty Campbell (52), from Evanston, III., thirdhighest scorer in Maroon history, outreaches an opponent in thisseason's game with Judson Collège. The Maroons won easily, 60-42.Stagg' s moral leadership set the University apartin an âge of growing commercialism in collegiate athletics."of the Joint Rules Committee in 1915, piloted the Maroonsto their fourth consécutive league championship in1909-10, when Page and Hoffman made Ail- American.The good doctor then embarked on a long and distin-guished career as a Professor of Hygiène and as the firstchairman of the Department of Physical Education andAthletics at Princeton University.Maroon fortunes suffered when Page, et al., grad-uated. The hegemony over the Western Conférence endedpromptly in 1910-11, John Schommer's only year ascoach, when the team dropped to third place. In 1911-12,Pat Page moved into the driver's seat, taking nine seasonsto build up the squad to take the 1919-20 Big-Ten title.He coached four more Maroon All-Americans — NelsonH. Norgren, Charles O. Molander, Paul R. DesJardien,and Paul D. "Tony" Hinkle— and broke in Herbert O."Fritz" Crisler and Robert D. Birkhoff, who later madeAll-American and scored 24 points in one game, a spec-tacular total in those days.Page moved on to become athletic director at the University of Indianapolis, now Butler University. He pavedthe way for Hinkle, a member of the Collegiate Basketball Hall of Famé, who followed him there a few yearslater. Tony Hinkle is still flourishing at Butler, havingestablished a remarkable record over the last thirty-eightyears as athletic director and coach of basketball, football, and baseball.In 1920-21, Stagg took over as intérim coach and theMaroons dropped to eighth place in the conférence. "Hip-shot" Crisler — who will retire soon after 27 distinguishedyears as athletic director at the University of Michiganand a magnificent career as football coach at Michigan,Minnesota, and Princeton — made the All-Big-Ten teamon défensive ability despite scoring only one basket ailseason!Nelson Norgren, a twelve-letter man, returned in 1921from a successful coaching career at the University ofUtah, where his Indians had won the National AAUcrown in 1916. But Norgie's career at Chicago was remarkable for achievements in the opposite direction: 432losses in 33 years, possibly an all-time record. After tyingfor the 1923-24 conférence title, the Maroons plummetedto tenth place in the league standings. Chicago never againfinished in the first division of the Big Ten and Norgren settled down to building character instead of championshipteams.In 1917, Stagg had started the first national preptournament, and it drew teams from ail over the countryuntil 1930. Beginning with 1931, the field was limited toteams from the Chicago area as states tightened controlover interscholastic athletics. In 1935, the tournament wasrestricted to Chicago Public League teams. This formatcontinued until 1947, when the University bequeathedsponsorship of the meet to Illinois Institute of Technology,whose athletic director at the time and for many yearspreceding was John Schommer.13AJehind the décline of Maroon athletic Power a half-century ago was the gigantic development of the stateuniversities and big- time athletics. During the first yearsof the twentieth century the state universities were pri-marily small agricultural collèges. But they grew rapidly,providing a vast pool of athletic talent from which to out-draw smaller institutions. From 1905 to 1925, for example, UC undergraduate enrollment rose from 860 to1,912, while Wisconsin's soared from 2,458 to 6,479.Red Grange was running wild in 1924, and the FourHorsemen were putting a small, little-known collège inSouth Bend, Indiana, on the map. This glamour was providing institutions with more money to recruit playersand to build elaborate athletic plants, which made evenmore money to be pumped back into the program, and soon, ad infinitum. As early as 1924, Michigan could seat12,000 for basketball, Ohio State had a 10,500 capacity,and Iowa could accommodate 8,500. Meanwhile, theMaroons still played in the modest Bartlett Gym.Chicago's stringent scholastic standards further limitedthe amount of available talent. Usually, the Maroons hadtwo to four front-line players who could hold their ownwith the best, but they lacked the depth to compete suc-cessfully with big-time teams. Moreover, Stagg's moralleadership set the University apart in an âge of growingcommercialism in collegiate athletics. No athlète ever gota fat "laundry allowance" to play for Chicago.The great dépression began early — in 1924 — for NelsNorgren and was to last until he retired in 1957. He had12a few bright épisodes, and he bore his cross nobly. Forthe remainder of the 1920's, the Maroons competed suc-cessfully against non-conference opponents, mostly smallrnidwestern collèges like those on today 's schedule. Asmile crossed Norgie's face in 1928 when Charles W.Hoerger made the All-Big-Ten team and again in 1931when C. Marshall Fish was so honored.A teammate of Fish in the late 1920s and early 1930swas Sidney Yates, now a United States Congressman anda candidate for the United States Senate in 1962.After last-place finishes in 1931-32 and 1932-33, a rayof hope clad in a number 7 basketball jersey appeared inthe fall of 1933. Nels Norgren did a double-take when hesaw A. William Haarlow, Jr., report for practice thatautumn, a player who rekindled dreams of glory for thediscouraged Maroon mentor. Haarlow came from BowenHigh School on Chicago's southeast side, where he hadachieved one of the greatest prep records of ail time.When he entered high school in 1929, the league scoringrecord for a single game was 24 points. When Haarlowgraduated, his average was 25 points. He capped his highschool career by scoring 51 points in his last game, arecord at the time and a phénoménal feat even amongtoday's inflationary point totals. Haarlow's career total of1,928 points still stands as a record at Bowen High.But even Haarlow, who was termed a showboat in thelate 1920s when he was pioneering the one-handed shot,could not lift the Maroons out of the Big-Ten cellar,although his sensational playing packed the new Field-house for game after game.Haarlow thrilled Maroon fans in 1934-35 by winningthe Big-Ten scoring title with 156 points and establishinghimself as one of the outstanding players in conférencehistory. However, he received little support. Chicago'srecord was 1-11 in the Big Ten and 2-18 overall.As Haarlow continued his one-man drive to uplift theMaroons in 1935-36, his task became even more thank-fess, although he again made All-Conference and All-American. He ranked second in conférence scoring with151 points, 9 behind Purdue's Bob Kessler, whom he hadnosed out for the crown the previous year. A contemporarywnter noted that "Haarlow possessed uncanny ability tofrop shots through the hoop from the most inconceivableangles." His répertoire included a spectacular over-the- head shot with his back to the basket, one of the manyplays he used to outwit the formidable défense alwaysthrown against him.Perhaps appropriately, Haarlow for many years wasone of the last officiai links between Chicago and the BigTen: he served as Supervisor of Conférence BasketballOfficiais from 1950 until 1967. Haarlow had carried onthe work of that archétype of ail Chicago men, JohnSchommer, who is known as the father of Big-Ten basketball officiais. The last officiai link between the Universityand the Big Ten is Robert E. "Remy" Meyer, popularBig-Ten basketball and football référée, who played forthe Maroons from 1937 to 1939. Meyer's 565 appear-ances is the record for most Western Conférence gamesofficiated. He retired from basketball in 1967, after 22years, but is looking forward to his twentieth year instripes on the gridiron in the fall of 1968.Making a substantial contribution to the Maroon attackin 1938-39 by winding up nineteenth on the Big-Ten scoring list was a tall, slender alumnus of Chicago's CalumetHigh School. Joseph M. Stampf, with his thick glasses,did not look much like a basketball player — that is, untilthe buzzer sounded. In 1939-40 Stampf, then a junior,established himself as an outstanding all-around player.He placed thirteenth in Big-Ten scoring and, as Cap &Gown reported, this perfectionist "was a dead shot fromanywhere inside the free throw circle and especially capable at tipping-in rebounds. Joe led the Big Ten in per-centage of free throws made."Sk^Jtampf performed a miracle in the 1940-41 seasonwhen, without a team victory in the conférence, he ledthe Big Ten in scoring and set a new conférence record bymaking 82 free throws. It was the last taste of Big-Tenglory for a Maroon player.Stampf had turned the tables on his myopie ophthal-mologists who, years previously, had warned him to stayaway from sports on account of his eyes. He made ail the"AU" teams and was the nation's leading vote-getter forthe Chicago American Collège Ail-Star Game, held atthe Chicago Stadium. Stampf's famé was so widespreadthat he made the Ail- American team of the Anglo-Jewish13magazine, The Sentinel, even though he was contemplat-ing studying to become a minister.Norgren went off to serve a hitch in the Navy after the1941-42 season, leaving the character building to hiscolleague, J. Kyle Anderson, who had one mémorableweekend during his temporary tenure. On January 7,•1944, Frank H. Whittaker played for the Maroons in agame against Purdue, marking the first appearance for aNegro in a Big-Ten basketball game. The following eve-ning DePaul whipped the Maroons at the Chicago Stadium,78-26, to establish the current Stadium record for thewidest winning margin.Chicago passed up Big-Ten compétition in 1944-45and, after another hapless season, withdrew from the conférence altogether on March 8, 1946, -"due to inabilityto provide equality of compétition."The only bright spots in the post-war years were theperformances of William S. Gray III, son of the noted UCéducation professor and now a vice président of Chicago'sHarris Bank, and James A. Geocaris, presently a magis-trate of the Cook County Circuit Court.The Maroons dropped 45 straight games during theseasons of 1950-53, finally snapping the streak with a 65-52win over the Chicago Illini. Hero of the streakbreaker,with 20 points, was a husky guard named Bob Mann, nowthe Hon. Robert E. Mann of the Illinois House of Représentatives.Coach Joe Stampf congratulâtes Marty Campbell (52), WilliamPearson (54), and Gary Day (20) for their outstanding contributionsto the team's winning season. AU three are graduating in lune. The last Maroon superstar to play under Nels Norgrenwas William A. Lester, Jr., a 5'9" wiry sharpshooter fromCalumet High School. He arrived on the Midway unan-nounced. and was largely overlooked because of his lackof height. Little did Norgie realize that Lester wouldbe the man to break ail major UC scoring records.Lester quickly moved into the starting lineup in 1953-54and scored 1 30 points in 1 6 games, but allowed Mann toenjoy the limelight. However he gave the limelight to noone in the next three years, and he served as captain foreach of those seasons. As a sophomore, he set a UCrecord with 372 points in 19 games. The following year,Lester boosted the Maroons to a 7-9 mark and scored 35points against Aurora. This would hâve been a new schoolrecord but for the fact that teammate Mitchell Watkinsscored 37 in the same game. Watkins, a stylish pivot-man,had been a great star at University High, where he had ledJoe Stampf's teams to several titles.Lester completed his one man assault on the Maroonrecord book in 1956-57. He rang up 42 points againstAurora on January 19, 1957, for a Fieldhouse and a UCrecord. For the season he scored 435 points and averaged26 points per game to place him among the nation'sleaders. AH are still school records, along with his careertotal of 1,293 points. Now a chemistry professor at theUniversity of Wisconsin, Lester is still the scourge of theamateur leagues in Madison.Another era ended in 1957. Lester graduated andNorgren retired, 46 years after he had arrived on theMidway as a student. Joe Stampf, who had established anenviable record as coach of the University High team andas Norgie's assistant for 14 years, moved into the headcoach's office. With confidence and efficiency, he set himself to the task of returning the basketball team to athleticrespectability. To compensate for lack of depth, Stampfdirected his team to concentrate on défense — contrary tothe prevailing run-and-shoot style of the day — and heinstituted a tightly-harnessed offense, emphasizing bailcontrol and fundamentals. The new mentor also addedtougher opponents to the schedule.Stampf's methods paid quick dividends. Since he tookover, Maroon cagers posted nine winning seasons out ofeleven, produced two Little All-Americans — Joël F. "BigZ" Zemans (1961 and 1962) and Eugène P. Erickson14(1963) — and drew national attention for their growingdéfensive Power. His 1960-61 team advanced to the quar-ter-finals of the NCAA Collège Tournament and regis-tered a 19-4 season record, best since 1908-09. Stampfagain matched the Maroons against big-time compétition,featuring on the schedule such schools as Bradley andDétroit and the first Chicago Stadium appearance since1944. Winning streaks of twenty and thirteen games wentinto the record books.As concomitants of the renewed success, Gary R.Pearson, number two scorer in Maroon history, receivedNBA pro feelers, but, like ail good Chicago men, spurnedthem to go on to graduate school. Ira J. Fistell institutedradio broadcasts of Maroon games, a practice still flour-ishing today. And Illinois Institute of Technology returnedthe Chicago Public League High School Holiday Tournament, the nation's oldest and largest, to its birthplace onthe Midway. The University co-sponsored the event, withthe Chicago Daily News, for four years, until its burgeon-ing popularity forced a move to the International Amphithéâtre where the large crowds could be accommodated.A.his year's squad, with its 14-5 season, made thesecond best défensive showing in the NCAA's CollègeDivision, holding opponents to 57.8 points per game andaveraging 69.9. The team gave fans who like close matchesone of the most exciting seasons ever. Of the five losses,only one was décisive: an 89-53 drubbing at the hands ofTulane, a strong Southern basketball power. The otherfour losses were by the slimmest of margins. The Maroonswent down 63-59 to Oberlin and 70-69 to MacMurray.After defeating Illinois Institute of Technology 79-71 inan early-season game, the Maroons were nosed out 54-52«i a return match. But after losing a 54-53 heart-breakerto Lake Forest, Chicago got revenge in a 68-54 returngame.The Maroons played their first international basketballgame in Ontario, Canada, on January 6, when theyhanded a 72-65 defeat to the University of Windsor, the1967 Canadian collegiate champions. The Maroons alsomade a good showing in two other important games, thelast two contests of the season. On February 24 they edged Denison in overtime, 55-53, halting an 8 -gamestreak by the Ohio Valley Conférence champs. And onMarch 2 they romped to a 79-40 victory over IllinoisCollège, the Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conférencechamps.Other Maroon victories were: Kendall, 86-31; Aima,83-62;Rockford, 80-55 ; Northeastern Illinois State, 73-49;Colorado Collège, 77-61; Knox, 67-66; Judson, 60-42;Roosevelt, 84-64; and Grinnell, 80-56. Chicago scored1,329 points for the season, giving 1,099 to opponents.Center Marty Campbell, a Little All-American hopeful,averaged better than 18 points per game, with 348 forthe season, highest since Lester's 1957 record. His UCcareer total was 931, third highest in Maroon history.After the June convocation, Campbell and two otherstarters — guard William "Wink" Pearson and forwardGary Day — will be missing from the roster. Pearson at5'-8" was the team's shortest man, but his peppery spiritmade him tall indeed, especially on défense. Pearson wasthe team's captain and playmaker, and he contributed 548points during his career. Day was a consistently goodplayer who was quick at stealing rebounds. He scored462 points in his Maroon career.Next season's team will hâve only three seasoned players: forward Dennis Waldon and guards Randy Talanand Fred Dietz. Center Scott Ferry, whose six feet, teninches is the tallest in Maroon history, got ofï the bench afew times this season, improved steadily, and will be oneof the hopefuls for next year's squad. Other promisingplayers are Tim O'Brien, a 6'-3" forward, and Luke Daw,a 5'-8" guard.Maroon basketball fans are optimistic. The Stagg Schol-arship program — instituted by the Order of the "C" toattract athlètes who hâve outstanding high school académierecords — is showing its worth in getting new talent forbasketball as well as other sports.An old dictum is showing its worth, too: nothing breedssuccess like success. Joe Stampf, like most coaches, saveshis enthusiasm for the locker room, while making guardedpublic appraisals of his boys. But he has momentum onhis side, and he's shown that he can turn talent intoability. When the Maroon scoreboard lights up again nextwinter, a lot of fans, looking both to the past and future,will hâve glory on their minds. D15Daniel J. BoorstinDissent, Dissension, and the NewsAbout sixty years ago Mark Twain, who was an experton such matters, said there are only two forces that carrylight to ail corners of the globe, the sun in the heaven andThe Associated Press. This is, of course, not the onlyview of your rôle. Another newspaperman once said it'sthe duty of a newspaper to comfort the afflicted and afflictthe comfortable.If there ever was a time when the light and the comfortwhich you can give us was needed, it's today. And Iwould like to focus on one problem.It seems to me that dissent is the great problem ofAmerica today. It overshadows ail others. It's a symptom,an expression, a conséquence and a cause of ail others.I say dissent and not disagreement. And it is the distinction between dissent and disagreement which I really wantto make. Disagreement produces debate but dissent produces dissension. Dissent, which cornes from the Latin,means originally to feel apart from others.People who disagree hâve an argument, but people whodissent hâve a quarrel. People may disagree but both maycount themselves in the majority. But a person who dis-sents is by définition in a minority. A libéral society thrivesDaniel J. Boorstin is the Preston and Sterling Morton Dis-tinguished Service Professor in the Department of Historyand the author of seven books. This article is the text of hisaddress to the annual meeting of The Associated Press Managing Editors' Association in Chicago last fall. Copyright 1967by Daniel J. Boorstin. on disagreement but is killed by dissension. Disagreementis the life blood of democracy, dissension is its cancer.A debate is an orderly exploration of a common problemthat présupposes that the debaters are worried by the samequestion. It brings to life new facts and new argumentswhich make possible a better solution. But dissensionmeans discord. As the dictionary tells us, dissension ismarked by a break in friendly relations. It is an expressionnot of a common concern but of hostile feelings. And thisdistinction is crucial.X-/ isagreement is spécifie and programmatic, dissent isformless and unfocused. Disagreement is concerned withpolicy, dissenters are concerned with identity, which usua-ally means themselves. Disagreers ask, what about the warin Vietnam? Dissenters ask, what about me? Disagreersseek solutions to common problems, dissenters seek powerfor themselves.The spirit of dissent stalks our land. It seeks the dignityand privilège of disagreement, but it is entitled to neither.Ail over the country on more and more subjects we hearmore and more people quarreling and fewer and fewerpeople debating. How has this happened? What can andshould we do about it?This is my question this afternoon. In the first place Iwould like to remind you of one feature of the situationwhich suggests it may not be as desperate as it seems. Thisis what I would call the law of the conspicuousness ofdissent which is another way of saying there never is quiteas much dissent as there seems.I will start from an oddity of the historical record whichother American historians can confirm for you.When we try to ïearn, for example, about the history ofreligion in the United States we find that what is generallydescribed as that subject is a history of religious contro-versies. It's very easy to learn about the Halfway Covenantproblem, the Great Awakening, the Unitarian contro-versies, the Americanist controversies, and so on. But if wewant to learn about the current of daily belief of Americansin the past it's very difficult.And this is the parable of the problem of history. If *ewant to learn about the history of divorce there are many16excellent historiés of divorce, but if we want to learn aboutthe history of marriage we'll find there are practically none.Similarly if we want to learn about eating and drinkinghabits there are some excellent historiés of vegetarianismand food fads, some first-rate historiés of prohibition butalmost no good historiés of eating and drinking.Why is this the case?First, it is simply because of what I would call the lawof the conspicuousness of dissent. Controversies, quarrels,disagreements leave a historical débris of printed matter,not to mention broken heads and broken réputations.Carry Nation smashing up a bar makes much more inter-esting reading and is more likely to enter the record thanthe peaceable activity of the bartender mixing drinks. Butthis may lead us to a perverse emphasis. How hâve peoplelived and thought and felt and eaten and drunk and mar-ried in the past? Interests are foçused on the cataracts, theeddies, the waterfalls, and whirlpôols. But what of thestream?This is a natural bias of the record, and it equally afïectsthe reporting of news. It is obvious that a sermon is lessnewsworthy than a debate and a debate still less news-worthy than a riot. This is ail obvious, but it has seriousconséquences for the condition of our country today. Thenatural bias of the record tends to lead us to emphasizeand inevitably overemphasize the extent of dissent.Secondly, the rise and multiplication of média. The profession which you gentlemen represent together with theAmerican standard of living leads us also toward theexaggeration of the importance of dissent in our society.Since dissent is more dramatic and more newsworthy thanagreement, média inevitably multiply and emphasize dissent. It is an easier job to make a news story of men whoare fighting with one another than it is to describe theirpeaceful living together.AX \jl this has been reinforced by certain obvious devel-ments in the history of the newspaper and other médiawithin the last half-century or so — the increasingly fréquent and repetitious news reporting. The movement fromthe weekly newspaper to the daily newspaper to severaléditions a day, the rise of radio-reporting of news every hour on the hour with news breaks in between, ail requirethat there be changes to report. There are increasinglyvoluminous spaces both of time and of print which hâveto be filled.And ail thèse reports become more and more inescap-able from the attention of the average citizen. In the bar,on the beach, in the automobile, the transistor radio re-minds us of the headaches of our society. Moreover, theincreasing vividness of reports also tempts us to depictobjects and people in motion, changing, disputing. Theopportunity to show people in motion and to show themvividly had its beginning, of course, in the rise of photog-raphy and Mathew Brady's pioneer work in the Civil Warand then more recently with the growth of the motionpicture and télévision. Ail this tempts us to get a dramaticshot of a policeman striking a rioter or vice versa. We nowhâve tape recorders on the scène in which people canexpress their complaints about anything.Moreover, the rise of opinion is a new category, Thegrowth of opinion-polling has led to the very concept of"opinion" as something people can learn aboùt. Therewas a time when information about the world was dividedinto the category of fact or the category of ideas. But morerecently, especially with the growth of market research inthis century, people now must hâve opinions. They areled to believe by the publication of opinion pools that theiropinion — whether it be on the subject of miniskirts ormarijuana or foreign policy — is something that séparâtesthem from others. Moreover, if they hâve no opinion, eventhat now puts them in a dissenting category.Then there is the rise of what I call secondary news.News about the news. With an increasingly sophisticatedreadership and more and more média we hâve such questions as whether a news conférence will be cancelled. Willsomeone refuse to make a statement? Is the fact thatJackie Kennedy denied there was a supposed engagementbetween her and Lord Harlech itself a kind of admission?What is really news?Moreover, the very character of American history hasaccentuated our tendency to dissent. We are an immigrantsociety. We are made up of many différent groups whocame hère and who felt separate from one another, whowere separated not so much by doctrine or belief as bythe minutiae of daily life. By language, religious practices,17cuisine, and even manners. Until the 1930's and 40's, theprédominant aim of those who were most concerned inthis country with the problem of immigration was to restrict immigration or to assimilate those immigrants whowere admitted. To "Americanize the immigrant"— thiswas the motto of those who were most concerned withthe question.But in the last few décades we hâve had a movemeritfrom "assimilation" to "intégration." And this is an important distinction. In about the 1930's Louis Adamicbegan writing, and in his book, A Nation of Nations, in1945 he began an emphasis which has been often repeated.It was no longer the right of the immigrant to be Ameri-canized, to be assimilated, it was now the right of theimmigrant to remain différent. The idéal ceased to be thatof fitting into the total society and instead became theright to retain your différences. Symptoms of this weresuch phenomena in politics as the rise of the balancedticket, a ticket which consists of outspoken and obviousreprésentatives of différent minorities. It brought with itthe assumption that the only 100 per cent American isthe person who is only partly American. It led GeneralEisenhower to make something of his German name andhis German background which had not occurred to verymany of us before. It encouraged John F. Kennedy toexploit his Irish background, the notion being that onewas more fully American by being partly something else.T_jl^his sensé of separateness and the power of minoritiesdeveloped alongside two great movements. One, in thesocial sciences— the growth of literature, much of whichstems from universities in this area, and especially fromThe University of Chicago — a literature of the socialsciences which came to show minorities who they were,where they were, and what their power might be.Gunnar Myrdal's book, American Dilemma, which wasquoted by the Suprême Court Intégration décision of 1954,was a very good illustration of this. The rise of opinionpolling also led into this. People in small groups werereminded that they had a power and a locale which theyhad not known before. Stokely Carmichael himself has re-ferred to this on several occasions — that he may represent a group which is not very numerous but he knows wherethey are. They're in crucial places where they can exercisepower.Alongside this change in our thinking and this extensionof ,our knowledge came a change in technology which Iwould call the rise of "flow technology." Minimum speedforty miles an hour. This means that while formerly, inorder to do damage to other people, it was necessary foryou to set things in motion— to wave your arms or wielda club— now when the economy and the technology are inmotion, if you want to cause damage you need only stopand the other people do the damage. This is a parablewhich was illustrated in the blackout in New York, thestall-ins, and sit-ins. At a time when certain studentsseized the administration building at a neighboring university last year, ail they had to do was to hold that onebuilding. AU the salary checks flowed through the IBMmachines in that building and they were able to throwa monkey wrench into the machinery.This has the efîect of developing what I would call aminority veto psychology. Small groups hâve more powerthan ever before. In small numbers there is strength. Thisresults in the quest for minority identity. Whereas formerlypeople used to change their names to sound more American, to try to fit into the background, now the contraryseems to be occurring.And we find symptoms of this in the intellectual world.Perhaps that is a misnomer— I should say rather in theworld of those who consider themselves or call themselvesintellectuals. I find in this world today, in this country, agrowing belief in the intrinsic virtue of dissent. It's worthnoting that some of the greatest American champions ofthe right to disagree and to express disagreement — ThomasJefferson, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., William James,John Dewey, and others1 — were also great believers in theduty of the community to be peacefully governed by thewill of the majority. But more recently dissent itself hasbeen made into a virtue. Dissent for dissent's sake. Wehâve a whole group of magazines thèse days dedicated notto this or that particular program or social reform northis or that social philosophy but simply to dissent.Professional dissenters do not and cannot seek to assimilate their program or ideals into American culture. Theirmain object is to préserve their separate identity as a dis-18senting minority. They're not interested in the freedom ofanybody else. The motto of this group might be an emenda-tion of the old maxim of Voltaire which I'm sure you've ailheard. But nowadays people would say, "I do not agréewith a word you say. And I will défend to the death myright to say so."Once upon a time our intellectuals competed for theirclaim to be spokesmen of the community. Now the timehas almost arrived when the easiest way to insuit an intel-lectual is to tell him that you or most other people agréewith him. The way to menace him is to put him in themajority, for the majority must run things and must hâvea program, and dissent needs no program.JL^ issent, then, has tended to become the conformity ofour most educated classes. In many circles to be an out-spoken conformist, that is, to say that the prevailing waysof the community are not "evil" requires more couragethan to run with the dissenting pack.The conformity of nonconformity, the conformity ofdissent produces little that is fruitful in its conclusionsand very little effective discussion or internai debate. Forthe simple reason that it does not involve anybody inattacking or defending any program. Programs, after ail,are the signs of "The Establishment."The situation that I hâve described leads to certaintemptations which afflict the historïan as well as the news-man, and among thèse temptations I would like to includethe tendency to stimulate and accentuate dissent ratherthan disagreement. To push disagreement toward dissentso that we can hâve a more dramatic or reportable event.To push the statement of a program toward the expressionof a feeling of separateness or isolation.There is an increasing tendency also to confuse disagreement with dissent. For example, the homosexuals inour society who are a group who feel separate (and arefrom one point of view a classic example of what we meanby the dissenter) now articulate their views in déclarationsand statements. Nowadays they become disagreers, theyhâve formed Mattachine societies, they issue programs anddéclarations. This, I would say, is good.But on the other hand we find disagreers who are in creasingly tempted to use the techniques of dissent. Students who disagree about the war in Vietnam use thetechniques of dissent, of affirming their sécession fromsociety, and this is bad.The expressions of disagreement may lead to betterpolicy but dissent cannot.The affirmations of differentness and feeling apart cannot hold a society together. In fact thèse tend to destroythe institutions which make fertile disagreement possible,and fertile institutions décent. A sniper's bullet is an éloquent expression of dissent, of feeling apart. It doesn't express disagreement. It is formless, inarticulate, unproduc-tive. A society of disagreers is a free and fertile and productive society. A society of dissenters is a chaos leadingonly to dissension.Now I would like in conclusion to suggest that we areled to a paradox. A paradox which must be solved. A freeand literate society with a high standard of living andincreasingly varied média — one that reaches more andmore people more and more of the time — such a societyfinds it always easier to dramatize its dissent rather thandisagreement. It finds it harder and harder to discover,much less to dramatize, its agreement on anything. Thisends then in some questions which I will pose to yougentlemen to which I hope you may hâve answers. Atleast they seem to me to be crucial ones.First, is it possible to produce interesting newspapersthat will sell but which do not dramatize or capitalize onor catalyze dissent and dissension, the feeling of apartnessin the community? Is it possible to produce interestingnewspapers that will sell but which do not yield to thetemptation to create and nourish new dissent by stirringpeople to feel apart in new ways?Second, is it possible at the same time to find new waysof interesting people in disagreement in spécifie items andproblems and programs and spécifie evils?Finally, is it possible for our newspapers— without be-coming pollyannas or chauvinists or super-patriots or GoodHumor salesmen— to find new ways of expressing andaffirming, dramatizing and illuminating, what people agréeupon?This is your challenge. The future of American societyin no small measure dépends on whether and how youanswer it. D19Quadrangle NewsArt Gift in Memory ofJoël Starrels, Jr., JD'50The art collection of Mr. and Mrs.Joël Starrels will be given to the University for its new Art Center.The gift will be named in memory ofJoël Starrels, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs.Starrels, an attorney in Beverly Hills,Calif., who died last October.The Starrels gift will consist of about200 paintings, sculptures, and lithographs,a number of rare books about art, andseveral pièces of marble furniture. Thepaintings include works by Georges Rou-ault, Henri Matisse, and Mario Sironi.Among about eighty sculptures are worksby Edgar Degas, Jacques Lipschitz, HenryMoore, Barbara Hepworth, and GermaineRichier. The collection has been valuedat over $500,000.The University will assume possessionof the collection when the David andAlfred Smart Gallery is completed some-time in 1970.The Smart Gallery and the Cochrane-Woods Art Center, which will be madepossible by recently-announced gifts fromthe Smart Family Foundation, and WoodsCharitable Fund, Inc., are part of a newCenter for the Arts at the University. TheCenter eventually will include a MusicBuilding and the Corinne Frada PickThéâtre."We are pleased and grateful that JoëlStarrels and his wife, Céleste, hâve de-cided to give their significant collection tothe University," said Président Beadle."This gift will be an important culturalasset to the University and the community."Starrels said, "My wife and I felt thatit would be a fitting mémorial to our sonif the ownership of our art collectionwere to pass to the University. Joëldearly treasured his years on the campusand his association with the faculty andstudents. Thus, when we heard of plansfor the Smart Gallery, we immediatelydecided to offer our collection to the University hoping that, through this mémorialto our son, we would contribute to the University's program in the fine arts. Wehope that this also will inspire others tohelp in building what we believe is animportant new cultural asset for the cityof Chicago."In the Starrels collection, for the Art Center: "Thinking Man," by Jacques Lipschitz. Young Republicans Pick Nixon.Brooke Slate in Mock ConventionRichard Nixon was nominated as theRepublican presidential candidate andSenator Edward Brooke of Massachusetts was nominated as his running mateat a mock national political conventionheld hère. Runners-up on the first ballotwere Rockefeller, Dirksen, Reagan, andGoldwater. Milton Friedman, the Chicago economist, was nominated and madea brief showing of strength, then swunghis support to other candidates. Romneysupport was weak.Delegates from twenty-two Midwestcollège Young Republican clubs attendedthe convention at Kent lecture hall.The Young Republicans also approveda convention platform that urged abolition of the draft, legalization of marijuana, abolition of the House Committeeon Un-American Activities, replacementof current welfare programs with a guar-anteed minimum income, repeal of ailminimum wage laws, and state subsidiza-tion for students in private schools.Nixon won the presidential nomination on the second ballot, when he de-feated Governor Nelson Rockefeller bya vote of 937 to 347. On the first ballot,Nixon, with 266 votes, was followed byRockefeller (251) and Senator EverettDirksen (239). Ronald Reagan had 126votes, and Barry Goldwater had 102.Brooke was nominated as the vice-presidential candidate by a near-unani-mous vote on the first ballot. He waspraised for his support both of the Viet-namese War and of the concept of avolunteer army.Milton Friedman, the Paul SnowdenRussell Distinguished Service Professorof Economies, received eighty-eight voteson the first ballot. Before the second ballot, Friedman released his supporters tovote for any one of three candidates:Nixon, Reagan, or Goldwater. MichiganGovernor George Romney received onlythirty-four votes on the first ballot andnone on the second.20Among the other candidates gettingflrst-ballot votes were Governor ClaudeKirk of Florida (sixty-two), Senator MarkHatfield of Oregon (twenty-one), andShirley Temple Black (one).The Young Republicans denounced thedraft as a violation of individual freedom."Governmental coercion is unjustified, nomatter how désirable its aims, if thoseaims can be achieved without it," theplatform stated. "We are currently staff-ing our armed forces partly by suchcoercion."The Sélective Service System is an institution more appropriate to a RedChinese commune than to a free society.Common sensé tells us, and reputableeconomists confirm, that our armed forcescan be fully manned by volunteers at anadditional budgetary cost negligible interms of our total défense expenditures."The platform did not mention marijuana by name, but it urged an end to ailrestrictions against "the sale to or use byadults of any non-addictive drug whosepossibilities for social harm do not exceedthose of alcohol."The House Committee Un-AmericanActivities was denounced because, saidthe platform, it "has, over two décades,cost millions to support and producedvirtually no législative results. Using du-bious methods of investigation, it hasfrequently suggested guilt by tenuous association. Not being a court of justice, itis empowered to badger and harass innocent men with impunity."Current minimum wage laws "denyemployment to many Americans," theplatform stated. "Thèse citizens hâve, bythèse laws, been priced out of the jobmarket and thus forced to subsist ongovernment welfare."The platform urged the United Statesto guarantee the independence of SouthVietnam and South Korea and to blockthe harbor of Haiphong. However, itasked the government to avoid the bomb-ing of civilian areas in North Vietnam.The Young Republicans voted againsta suggestion that the United States, in thefuture, should avoid "wherever possible, commitments that are likely to end, likeour commitment in Vietnam, in long, expensive wars, fought over countries oflittle stratégie or économie importanceto us."They also rejected amendments callingfor U.S. diplomatie récognition of Com-munist China, noninterference in the internai politics of any nation, and neutrali-zation of a unified Germany.The convention approved an amend-ment on urban affairs urging business in-volvement in fighting poverty, and one onracial harmony asking efforts to promoteintégration in residential neighborhoodsand schools.A platform plank also supported in-creased efforts to control crime andrioting.The Young Republicans also called forthe création of a single tax rate, coupledwith an increased personal exemption toprotect low-income taxpayers; an end tofarm subsidies; a free market value forgold; and an end to ail censorship laws.Lying-in Launches JournalA new bimonthly journal devoted toreproductive biology, obstetrics and gy-necology, and considération of fetal andnewborn problems was published at theUniversity for the first time in January.Lying-in: The Journal of ReproductiveMedicine has an initial circulation ofmore than 17,000. This, according to theeditor, Dr. George L. Wied, makes thepublication the most-widely circulated inits field.Articles in the journal deal with bothcliniéal and laboratory work with anemphasis on research, said Dr. Wied,Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecologyand Pathology and Director of Exfolia-tive Cytology. The journal's co-editors,who will rotate as editor every threeyears, are ail members of the University' sDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology.They include Dr. Frederick P. Zuspan,Chairman of the Department, and Drs.M. Edward Davis, Michael Newton, andDouglas Shanklin. Center For Policy Study andRound Table Focus on EducationThe expenditure for an average ghettochild's éducation often is little more thanhalf that for a public school student froma nearby affluent suburb. This disparitymay be found unconstitutional by theSuprême Court, scholars hère predictedrecently.A constitutional lawyer warned, however, that the Suprême Court could corneup only with a simple, and therefore notfully adéquate, answer to the complexproblem.The question was discussed at a conférence on "The Quality of Inequality",sponsored by the Center for Policy Study,January 29 and on the Round Table télévision program, February 1 1 .Twenty-five scholars from several fieldsattended the conférence, held at the Center for Continuing Education.Much of the discussion at the conférence was based on the conclusions in adissertation by Arthur E. Wise, MBA 65,PhD'67, for the Department of Education, suggesting that the doctrine of equalprotection of the laws could be appliedto the unequal support of public schools.The participants also took note of aJanuary 2 speech by Provost Edward H.Levi, who said, "The expenditure perhigh school pupil in a suburb to the northof Chicago is $1,283; in a suburb to thesouth of the city it is $723. The expenditure per elementary school pupil in anorthern suburb is $919; in a southernsuburb it is $421. . . . The students arecompelled by law to go to school. It isstate action which brings them there. Itis state action also which has made theschool districts."Edward Levi, in his speech, asked ifdiscrimination in the opération of thismost important function of state andlocal government is to be justified simplybecause "this is how state action happensto collect and happens to allocate fundsfor the éducation it requires of ail?"It may be necessary to spend more,rather than equal, money on the educa-21Peopletion of the disadvantaged child, accordingto one of the conférence participants,Joseph J. Schwab, Professor of Education and the William Rainey Harper Professor of Natural Sciences.Participants on the Round Table wereJulian H. Levi, Professor of Urban Studies and executive director of the SouthEast Chicago Commission, Philip B. Kur-land, Professor of Law and editor ofthe annual Suprême Court Review, andArthur Mann, Professor of AmericanHistory.Julian Levi recommended that the Suprême Court find the whole local schooltaxation system invalid, because of thediscrepancies in expenditures, and orderthe states "to corne back with anothersystem which is going to reasonably re-flect the situation and reasonably meetthe requirements that the state itself hasassumed of providing an adéquate educa-tional opportunity" for ail.Kurland strongly opposed a décision bythe court, although he felt that "a consti-tutional case can be made out ... for thefact that such wide disparity between thelowest and the highest per student expenditure is a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment" ofthé Constitution.. Kurland said the danger of a Court décision is that "we'd pay a high price in thedestruction of the few school Systems ofany decency that we may hâve." Hedoubted whether there would be publicacceptance of such a décision, and feltthat this would make it unenforceable.Citing the 1954 Suprême Court deseg-regation décision, Kurland said, "Whenthat décision came down, I had highhopes for it. There was a belief the American community had enough people ofgood will in it and that this décision wouldperform a kind of moral rearmament. Itdidn't." He quoted reports that showedintégration in American schools had notimproved markedly since 1954.To solve the inequality between richsuburban and poor inner-city schools,Kurland urged that strong pressure"should be put on the state législature, the state executive, the national législature."Julian Levi predicted that "by 1980, ofthe twenty largest cities in the UnitedStates, with the exception bf Los Angeles,more than fifty-one percent of the population will be Negro, which is not seri-ous. But that population will hâve, as toforty-five percent of them, incomes of$3,000 a year and less. . . . I am con-vinced that our educational failures arethe ones who are going to put that incomeinto the $3,000 category and less peryear. If this occurs, the whole thesis uponwhich we attempt to regulate social andpolitical activity disappears."Citizenship Fund Gift by AlumnusA unique Citizenship Fund will beestablished by a $100,000 gift from Chicago attorney Charles P. Schwartz, '08,JD'09, Président Beadle announced January 19.The Fund will concern itself with citizenship éducation at ail levels, includingkindergarten, elementary school, highschool, and collège. It will underwriteprojects on scholarship and research, cur-riculum and materials of instruction, andaction-oriented experiments. The Fundwill be named in honor of Mr. Schwartzand his wife Lavinia.Président Beadle said, "We are de-lighted to receive Mr. Schwartz's generouscontribution. The rights and responsibili-ties of citizenship are matters of concern,and the University is particularly inter-ested in them."Mr. Schwartz was a leading figure indeveloping the idea of teaching Englishand citizenship together to the foreign-born, and he wrote basic books for thisprogram. He acted as légal counsel forHull House and for Jane Addams per-sonally until her death. He is a long-timetrustée of Hull House and now pf theHull House Association.Mr. Schwartz was président of TheUniversity of Chicago Law School AlumniAssociation for two terms and is a member of the University's Citizens Board. Robert L. Ashenhurst, Professor ofApplied Mathematics in the GraduateSchool of Business and the Institute forComputer Research, has been appointedMarshal of the University. He succeedsHarold Haydon, Associate Professor inthe Department of Art and the Collègeand Director of the University's MidwayStudios. The University Marshal is incharge of ail Convocations, officiai réceptions, and any spécial e vents wherehis services are requested by the Président.Michael J. Delaney, Director of theYouth Division of the Chicago PoliceDepartment, on March 1 will become Director of Security at the University, itwas announced January 12. Delaney succeeds Anthony G. Eidson, who is retiringbecause of illness. Arthur H. White, amember of the security force for nearlyeight years, has been acting supervisorduring Eidson's illness.Grant Gilmore, the Harry A. BigelowProfessor of Law, received the secondTriennial Award of the Order of the Coif,national honorary society for law students, on December 29. Gilmore receivedthe award for his two-volume work,Security Interests in Personal Property(1965). The présentation was made atthe annual meeting of the Association ofAmerican Law Schools in Détroit.Dr. Alexander Gottschalk, AssociateProfessor of Radiology and Director ofthe Argonne Cancer Research Hospital,has been named one of America's TenOutstanding Young Men of 1967 by theUnited States Junior Chamber of Commerce. He is the son of Louis Gottschalk,the Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Dis-tinguished Service Professor Emeritus ofHistory, and Mrs. Fruma Gottschalk,Associate Professor of Slavic Languagesand Literatures and in the Collège.Charles R. Goulet, Superintendent ofThe University of Chicago Hospitals andClinics, has been installed as président ofthe Chicago Hospital Council. He is serv-ing his second term on the Council'sboard of directors and is chairman ofthe organization's Council on Profes-sional Practice.22Dr. James R. Jude spoke at an American Collège of Cardiography meetinghère on the insertion of a small ballooninto the heart to help victims of cardiacfailure. Dr. Jude is head of the divisionof Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeryat the University of Miami School ofMedicine. The device was one of severalmechanical assistances to the heart discussed by Dr. Jude during the three-dayprogram, January 18 through 20, at theCenter for Continuing Education.Dr. Harvey B. Kemp spoke at anAmerican Collège of Cardiology meetinghère in January on arteriography— a semi-surgical, radiographie technique that letsphysicians view living, pulsing arteries.Dr. Kemp is on the Cardiovascular Unitof Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. The technique, which is proving increasingly useful in diagnosing and pin-pointing atherosclerosis, involves insertionof a tube or cathéter through the brachialartery in the patient's shoulder. The tubeis then advanced carefully until it ismaneuvered into the arteries surroundingthe heart. A dye is released which regis-ters on x-ray film, and motion picturescan then be taken of the pulsatingarteries.Dr. C. Frederick Kittle, Professor ofSurgery and Head of the Section ofThoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, di-rected a récent program hère on Aggres-sive Management of Coronary ArteryDisease for practicing cardiologists andgênerai practitioners. The program, heldJanuary 18 through January 20, featuredthe discussion of several new surgicalprocédures, ail of which demonstratethat a heart with a blocked artery canhâve more blood brought to it by surgery.The twelve-man faculty for the programincluded co-director Dr. Hans H. Hecht,Professor of Medicine and of Physiologyand Chairman of the Department ofMedicine. Other Chicago faculty members présent were Dr. Roderick W. Child-ers, Assistant Professor of Medicine; Dr.Louis Cohen, Associate Professor of Medicine; and Dr. Alfred P. Fishman, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Cardiovascular Institute of Michael ReeseHospital and Médical Center. Other participants were cardiovascular specialistsfrom across the country and Canada.John T. McNeill, PhD'20, noted churchhistorian and a former faculty member,was honored by the Divinity School at aspécial dinner at the Quadrangle Club,Jan. 3 1 . The dinner was attended by dis-tinguished historians of the University,including McNeill's son, William H.McNeill, Professor of History and formerChairman of the Department of History.Randall Reid, Assistant Professor ofEnglish and Collège Humanities, haswritten The Fiction of Nathanael West, slstudy of West's use of parody as a diagnostic instrument. The book was published by The University of Chicago Pressin February.Théodore W. Schultz, the Charles L.Hutchinson Distinguished Service Professor of Economies, received an honor-ary Doctor of Laws degree from theUniversity of Illinois at its CentennialConvocation, March 11.Jérôme H. Skolnick, an authority onprocesses in criminal procédure, has beenappointed an Associate Professor of So-ciology. Skolnick also holds a researchappointment as senior social scientistwith the American Bar Association, 1155East 60th Street. He had been an associate research sociologist at the Universityof California at Berkeley prior to joiningthe faculty hère. Skolnick recently wonthe third annual C. Wright Mills Awardfor his book, Justice Without Trial: LawEnforcement in Démocratie Society. Theaward was given by the Society for theStudy of Social Problems for the best1966 book on social problems.Dr. Arthur O. Stein, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Director of thePédiatrie Mental Development Clinic ofthe Mental Retardation Center, discussedthe physician and mental retardation ata conférence, Feb. 1, on the rôle ofclergymen in dealing with the mentallyretarded person and his family. The program at the University Hospitals andClinics was administered by the Chap- lain's Office. It also provided an introduction to the resources of the Joseph P.Kennedy, Jr., Mental Retardation Center.Other speakers were Dr. Paul S. Weiner,Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Psy-chiatry and Director of PsychologicalServices in the Department of Pediatrics;Miss Joan Lutsko, Caseworker in the Department of Social Service; and ChaplainCari A. Nighswonger, Research Associatein Medicine and Religion.Richard Verber, a graduate student inArt History, is rated as the 42nd highestchess player in the country by the UnitedStates Chess Fédération (USCF). Heranks over any other player in Illinois.Last summer, Verber was a member ofthe U.S. Student Chess Team, composedof the six top collège students in thecountry. He won eight out of nine gamesand contributed to the second place finishof the American team, our best showingin the last six years (the USSR team wasfirst) . Verber holds a USCF master 's rat-ing and has won many tournaments, including the 1967 Greater Chicago Open.Dr. Max H. Weil spoke at an AmericanCollège of Cardiology meeting hère, Jan.19, on the use of computers to monitorpatients in myocardial shock. Dr. Weil isassociate professor of medicine and director of the Shock Research Unit at theUniversity of California School of Medicine in Los Angeles.Dr. Robert W. Wissler, Professor andChairman of the Department of Pathol-ogy and the University's Cancer TrainingCoordinator, was director of a Universityteaching symposium on "Normal andMalignant Cell Growth" at Billings Hospital on February 24 and 25. Twenty-sixleading cancer research scientists fromFrance, Britain, Canada, and the UnitedStates reported their latest findings at thesymposium. Planning for the programwas directed by Dr. Michael Fry, of Ar-gonne National Laboratory; Dr. MelvinL. Griem, Associate Professor of Radiol-ogy and Director of the Chicago TumorInstitute; and Dr. Werner H. Kirsten,Associate Professor of Pathology andPediatrics.23CLUB NEWSNew YorkWilliam H. McNeill, Professor of History and author of The Rise of the West,spoke on "The Theory and Practice ofWorld History" at the Roosevelt Hôtel,December 15. A réception followed.Professor Philip M. Hauser spoke on"After the Riots, What?" at The Lamb'sClub, February 2. Hauser is Professor ofSociology and Director of the Population Research and Training Center. Hehas served as deputy director of theUnited States Bureau of the Census.Jerald C. Brauer, Professor and Deanof the Divinity School, spoke on "WhatIs Happening in Religion" at The Williams Club, February 14. Brauer's par-ticular fields of interest are religiousfreedom as a human right and the rela-tionship between religion and politics.He has been active in the civil rightsmovement and has written several articles on student activism.MadisonProfessor George R. Hughes intro-duced and commented on the award-winning film, "The Egyptologists," at aréception in the University of WisconsinUnion, February 16. Hughes is Professorof Egyptology and Associate Director ofthe Oriental Institute. He will becomeDirector in July.PittsburghDr. Daniel X. Freedman discussed"The Use and Abuse of LSD" at adinner at Webster Hall, February 22.Freedman is Chairman of and Professorin the Department of Psychiatry and anauthority on psychopharmacology. A réception preceded the dinner.PhiladelphiaProfessor George R. Hughes intro-duced and commented on the award-winning film, "The Egyptologists," at abrunch at the Benjamin Franklin Hôtel,December 17. Hughes is Professor ofEgyptology and Associate Director ofthe Oriental Institute. He will becomeDirector in July. San FranciscoBruno Bettelheim spoke on "DroppingOut of Society" at the Mark HopkinsHôtel, February 20. Bettelheim is theStella M. Rowley Professor of Education, Principal of the Sonia ShankmanOrthogenic School, and Professor in theDepartments .of Psychology and Psychiatry.BostonDr. Humberto Fernandez-Moran, Professor of Biophysics, discussed his workwith Boston alumni at the Sheraton-Boston Hôtel, February 8. Dr. Fernandezis especially well-known for his workwith the électron microscope in the studyof cells. Cocktails were served before thetalk.ClevelandProfessor Grosvenor W. Cooper spokeon "Musical Literacy" at a dinner at theHigbee Lounge, January 25. Cooper isProfessor of Music and of Humanitiesand Chairman of the Committee onGeneral Studies in the Humanities. WashingtonDonald Brieland, Professor of SocialService Administration and Director ofthe Social Services Center, spoke to SSAAlumni on "Highlights and Sidelights ofthe Center," January 27.Bloomington, 111.Professor George R. Hughes intro-duced and commented on the award-winning film, "The Egyptologists," at adinner at the Illinois Wesleyan UniversityMémorial Center, December 1. Hughesis Professor of Egyptology and AssociateDirector of the Oriental Institute. He willbecome Director in July.PhoenixArthur Mann, Professor of History,spoke on "Instability in American Politics" at Del Webb's TowneHouse onJanuary 24. Mann discussed the originsand character of extremist groups inAmerica, both libéral and conservative,and traced their effects upon the majorcurrents of politics. A réception followedthe talk.Los Angeles: Dr. Charles B. Huggins (left), Nobel lauréate and Director of the University's Ben May Laboratory for Cancer Research, with Dr. Clayton G. Loosli at an i*formai luncheon held in honor of Dr. Huggins at the Los Angeles Club on January 12.24COMING EVENTSe: Bruno Bettelheim and Mrs. Ernest Oison at the San Francisco meeting, Feb. 20.elow: Dr. Humberto Fernandez-Moran addressing New Orléans alumni on January 29. New York: April 19Professor James H. Lorie will speak.Lorie is Professor of Business Administration in the Graduate School of Business and Director of the Center forResearch in Security Priées (sponsoredby Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner, andSmith, Inc.).Chicago: April 20The Contemporary Chamber Players,directed by Ralph Shapey, Associate Professor of Music, will présent Shapey's"Partita-Fantasy for Cello and 16 Instruments." Shapey's work, to be premieredon the preceding evening, is a Kous-sevitzky Commission for the Library ofCongress. In the second part of the program the CCP will présent a full-stageperformance of Igor Stravinsky's ballet,"Histoire du Soldat." A réception foralumni and performers will follow.Détroit: April 23Arnold R. Weber, Professor and Director of Research in the Graduate Schoolof Business, will address alumni.San Francisco: May 3Professor Joshua C. Taylor will speak.Taylor is the William Rainey HarperProfessor of Humanities and Professorof Art.Los Angeles: May 4Professor Hans J. Morgenthau willaddress alumni. Morgenthau is the Albert A. Michelson Distinguished ServiceProfessor of Political Science and History, and Director of the Center forStudy of American Foreign and MilitaryPolicy.Omaha: May 17Professor Joshua C. Taylor will beguest speaker. Taylor is the WilliamRainey Harper Professor of Humanitiesand Professor of Art.25Alumni NewsnClarence W. Kemper, AM'll, DB'12,pastor emeritus of the First Baptist Churchof Boulder and Fort Collins, Colo., hashad the Kemper Hall of Science named inhis honor by Alerson-Broaddus Collège,Philippi, W. Va.23Franklin R. King, '23, AM'40, has beennamed executive secretary of the VermontChildren's Aid Society in Burlington, Vt.25Kenneth Laird, '25, has been electedchairman of the American AdvertisfrigFédération.28Harold O. Carlson, PhB'28, has beenelected to the board of trustées of Northwest Community Hospital, ArlingtonHeights, 111.George Ehnebom, PhB'28, AM'33, hasretired after thirty-nine years as an American history teacher at York High School,Elmhurst, 111.30- Ernest C. Colwell, PhD'30, président ofthe Southern California School of The-ology, Claremont, Calif., was honored bythe Baptist Theological Union of the Di-vinity School at The University of Chicago as its 1967 Alumnus of the Year.32Lester S. Kellogg, X'32, has beennamed a spécial lecturer in the départaientof Economies at Wofford Collège, Spar-tanburg, S.C.Eileen Fitzpatrick Ronan, PhB'32, areading instructor and freshman counsel-lor at the University of Détroit, has been aspécial observer for methods of treatingdyslexie children at Hospital St. Vincentde Paul and Hôpital de la Salpetriere inParis. (Dyslexia is an inability to readstably due to a central lésion.) While inEngland, she also was the guest speaker at a récent meeting of the United King-dom Reading Association held at Manchester University.36J. V. Jones, PhB'36, vice président andgênerai manager in charge of building, industry, and défense products opérationsof the Armstrbng Cork Co., Lancaster,Pa., was named business executive in résidence at Penn State's Collège of BusinessAdministration during its spring term.Rupert C. Koeninger, AM'36, of TexasSouthern University, Houston, Tex., hasbeen appointed by the American University and the District of Columbia Department of Corrections to the position ofProject Director of the démonstration inservice training program for correctionalinstitution, parole, and probation personnel.Earl J. McGrath, PhD'36, director ofthe Institute of Higher Education at Columbia University, and chancellor of Eisen-hower Collège, Seneca Falls, N.Y., was theprincipal speaker at Thiel College's Junecommencement exercise in Greenville, Pa.Thiel Collège also awarded him an hon-orary LitD.Curtis C. Melnick, '36, AM'50, andGeorge W. Connelly, PhD'51, last fallwere appointed Associate Superintendentsof -Education in Chicago, heading two ofthe three newly-created areas which con-tain the city's twenty-seven school districts. Melnick is in charge of Area A(the far south side) and Connelly is incharge of Area C (the far north side).Both men continue as District Superintendents, Melnick in District 14 and Connelly in District 9.Louis R. Wasserman, MD'36, (Rush),professor of medicine and director of thedepartment of hematology at Mount SinaiSchool of Medicine in New York City, wasa guest speaker this summer at the SamuelGoodman Mémorial Symposium at St.John's Hospital in Tulsa, Okla.38Hugh Davidson, '38, PhD'46, a special-ist in the study of rhetoric in France dur ing the 17th Century, has been named professor of French at Yale University.Elmer W. Rowlery, AM'38, has re-signed as dean of Joliet Junior Collègeafter twenty years service. 40 ^Leslie W. Freeman, PhB'40, MD'43, director of the Surgical Research Laboratories at Indiana University's MédicalCenter, has been appointed the first BetseyA. Barton Professor at I.U.'s School ofMedicine in Indianapolis.42Bertram M. Beck, AM'42, executive director for Mobilization for Youth, hasbeen named head of the Henry St. Settle-ment in New York City.John Howard, JD'42, former directorof the International Training and Research Program for the Ford Foundation,has been named président of the International Légal Center in New York City.Constance Medkiff, '42, former executive director for the United CommunityChest and YWCA in Paterson, N.J., hasbeen named the executive director of thePaterson (NJ.) Council for the Aging.Jack J. Roth, 42, PhD'55, professor andchairman of the History Department atRoosevelt University in Chicago, has ed-ited a new book, World War I: A TurningPoint In Modem History (Alfred A.Knopf, Inc.) The book is based on a collection of essays, woven by the editor'sintroduction and conclusion into a gêneraihistorical synthesis.Elizabeth Munger Runyan, '42, hasbeen appointed an instructor in Englishat the University of Akron in Ohio.James R. Scales, X'42, former dean ofArts and Sciences at Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, N.C., was namedprésident of Wake Forest on July 1, 1967.William P. Thompson, JD'42, StatedClerk of the General Assembly of theUnited Presbyterian Church in the USA,spoke on "A Layman Reports on the Challenge of the Church" at a meeting inYoungstown, Ohio.26Howard W. JohnsonJohn H. Ubben, PhD'42, has beennamed chairman of the department ofGerman at Lehigh University, Bethlehem,Pa.43Chloe Zerwick, '43, is co-author of anew book, The Cassiopeia Affair, anovel about a scientist whose claim ofdetecting intelligent signais from outerspace créâtes an international incidentthat may stave ofF an impending nuclearwar. Collaborating with Mrs. Zerwickwas Harrison Brown, former AssociateProfessor of Chemistry at Chicago.44Mathew Barman, AM'44, an education-al director of the North Shore MentalHealth Association, spoke on "As Parents,Are We Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise" ata spring open house at the nursery schoolof the Covenant Methodist Church inEvanston, 111.Mrs. Raymond Feldman, AB'44, JD-46, professor of sociology at the University of Tulsa, spoke on "Volunteers Hèreand In the USSR," at a récent VolunteerAward Luncheon and installation of officers of the Dallas (Tex.) section of the National Council of Jewish Women.Warren L. Semon, '44, has been appointed professor of computer science inthe Collège of Engineering at Syracuse(N.Y.) University.47Henry R. Hoekstra, PhD'47, researchchemist at Argonne National Laboratory,recently was elected président at the boardof éducation, Downers Grove, 111., GradeSchool District 58.Russell H. Johnsen, '47, professor ofphysical chemistry at Florida State University in Tallahassee, wrote on "Radiation Chemistry" for the July, 1967, issue°f Chemistry.Howard W. Johnson, AM'47, président°f Massachusetts Institute of Technology,was awarded an honorary Doctor of Sci ence degree by Tufts University last June.48John P. Armstrong, AM'48, PhD'53, aspecialist in the politics of foreign relations of Southeast Asia, was appointed aVisiting Professor of Government for thefirst semester of the 1967-68 académieyear at Bowdoin Collège, Brunswick,Maine.William L. Ballard, PhB'48, AM'52, hasbeen named executive vice président ofVisual Information Systems, Inc., in NewYork City.John F. Boyd, AB'48, has been nameda vice président of Détroit Bank & Trust.Charles W. Ferris, AB'48, has been appointed to the Board of Lectureship of theChristian Science Church, Minneapolis,Minn.Morris E. Friedkin, PhD'48, has beenappointed chairman of the Department ofBiochemistry at Tufts University Schoolof Medicine, Boston.Mary L. Gladish, AM'48, médical research librarian at Vanderbilt UniversityMédical Center, Nashville, has co-editedand revised the fourth édition of Eileen R.Cunningham's, Classification for MédicalLiterature (Vanderbilt University Press) .Roger T. Grange, Jr., PhB'48, AM'52,spoke on "Historié Sites Archaeology" ata récent luncheon of the Manatee CountyHistorical Society, Bradenton, Fia.Edward Hamming, SM'48, PhD'52,head of the geography department atAugustana Collège, Rock Island, 111., hasreceived the college's distinguished professor award and a plaque from the CollègeUnion Board of managers, sponsor of theaward.Melvene D. Hardee, PhD'48, professorof higher éducation at Florida State University in Tallahassee, received an AlumniAchievement Award from Iowa State Collège. She is the first woman graduate tobe so recognized by that institution.James P. Scanlan, AB'48, AM'50, PhD-'56, a member of the philosophy department at Goucher Collège, Baltimore, Md.,has written fourteen articles for the Ency-clopedia of Philosophy (Macmillan and Free Press), and also served on its boardof editors.John C. Scott, AM'48, PhD'53, hasbeen named associate dean of the Collègeof Arts and Sciences at The AmericanUniversity, Washington, D.C.50Charles D. Mintz, PhB'50, régional director of the Ohio Valley Council of theUnion of American Hebrew Congrégations, spoke on "The Eleventh Hour" ata récent Sabbath service of Temple Sho-lom, Springfield, Ohio.Léon Novar, AM'50, PhD'58, associateprofessor of political science at WoodrowWilson Branch of Chicago City JuniorCollège, addressed the annual luncheonof the Evanston League of Women Votersthis summer on "U.S. -China Relations,Past, Présent, and Future."Ruth L. Pike, PhD'50, professor of nutrition at the Pennsylvania State University, was the 1967 winner of the BordenAward for fundamental research in thefield of nutrition and expérimental foods.Eleanor Plain, AM'50, head librarianof the Aurora Public Library, spoke on"Your Library . . . How Is It Stacked?" ata récent meeting of the Valley Chapter ofthe National Secretaries Association inAurora, 111.Sanford M. Siegel, SM'50, PhD'53, aspecialist in space biology, has joined theUniversity of Hawaii's botany department.Carlton Smith, MA'50, a former seniorassociate editor of Médical Economies,wrote an article, "Managing Your Money,"for the September, 1967, issue of PM.Miriam Wagenschein, AM'50, formerassociate professor of sociology and chairman of the office of student affairs atWhitman Collège, Walla Walla, Wash.,has been named dean of women and assistant dean of students at Illinois State University, Normal, 111.James L. Weil, '50, has been awarded$5,000 from the National Foundation onthe Arts and the Humanities in récognition of his "contribution to American let-ters" as editor-publisher of The ElizabethPress, publishers of poetry.27Donald W. Hedl Harry R. Levey Narval B. Stephens Alan R. Kesselman52Annemarie Krause, PhD'52, associateprofessor of geography at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 111., has re-tired after thirty-seven years on the SIUfaculty.Stephen I. Martin, JD'52, former chairman of the Insurance Law Committee anda member of the Development of the LawCommittee of the Chicago Bar Association, has been named executive directorof the Florida Association of InsuranceCompanies.Robert H. Nanz, PhD'52, has beennamed vice président in charge of theHouston Research Laboratory for ShellDevelopment Company.Virginia Pidgeon, AM'52, assistant professor of nursing of children, IndianaUniversity School of Nursing, Indian-apolis, Ind., wrote an article, "The InfantWith Congénital Heart Disease," for theFebruary, 1967, issue of the AmericanJournal of Nursing.Loring M. Thompson, AM'52, PhD'56,has been named vice-président for planning at Northeastern University in Boston.54Catherine W. Becker, PhB'54, AM'59,has been appointed a psychologist forschool district 78 by the Naperville, 111.,elementary school board.Warren J. Gustus, PhD'54, a formerchairman of the Finance and Statistics Department, Drexel Institute of Technology,Philadelphia, has been appointed a research officer and economist at the Fédéral Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.Lucy Jen Huang Hicrod, PhD'54,former chairman of the department ofsociology at Lake Erie Collège, Paines-ville, Ohio, has been named associate professor in the department of sociology-an-thropology at Illinois State University,Normal, 111.James Keasling, MD'54, a former mis-sionary doctor in Tabriz, Iran, has beenappointed to the visiting staff of BurnhamCity Hospital, Champaign, 111. Bjarne O. Kjelshus, DB'54, has been appointed city supervisor of social service inKansas City, Mo.Robert H. Oehmke, PhD'54, has beennamed chairman of the Department ofMathematics at the University of Iowa.58Donald W. Hedl, '58, has been pro-moted to vice président and director ofagencies at Zenith Life Insurance Company, Chicago.Harry R. Levey, MBA'58, has been appointed Assistant to the Director of Manu-facturing for Maremont Corporation'sAutomotive Group.Richard H. Luecke, PhD'58, director ofstudies at the Urban Training Center forChristian Mission in Chicago, was thefeatured speaker at Kalamazoo (Mich.)College's summer convocation.Roger Masters, AM'58, PhD'61, professor in the Political Science Departmentat Yale University, recently moderated"Politics and the Urban Dilemma," apanel program presented by the JewishCommunity Center of New Haven, Conn.Mary Megee, PhD'58, has been appointed an associate professor of urbanstudies and assistant director of Akron(Ohio) University's Center for UrbanStudies.Stephen A. Mitchell, MD'58, a memberof the psychiatrie staff at the Stanford(Calif.) Médical Center, has been namedPsychiatrist Director of Peninsula SuicidePrévention, Inc., in San Francisco.Lillian E. Taylor, AM'58, a former director of casework at Boston Children'sService Association, has been named director of the Family Service Associationof Greater Boston's Service for OlderPeople.Allen J. Vancura, '58, MBA'59, hasbeen appointed director of research atHitchcock Publishing Co., Lombard, 111.59Doris R. Blaney, AM'59, has beennamed a director of the associate degreeprogram at the northwest campus of In diana University in Gary. She formerlywas assistant professor and chairman ofthe maternal-child nursing department.Norval B. Stephens, Jr., MBA'59, hasbeen promoted to résident director in Lon-don for Needham, Harper & Steers, Inc.the advertising agency. He also has beenelected to the firm's Board of Directors.Durrett Wagner, X'59, former dean ofKendall Collège, Evanston, 111., has beennamed président of Swallow Press in Chicago.60 jWilliam M. Buck, Jr., MBA'60, hasbeen promoted to director of employéerelations for the Industrial Products Division of The Singer Company in New YorkCity.Stanley Buder, AM'60, PhD'66, an assistant professor of History at the IllinoisInstitute of Technology, has written a newbook, Pullman: An Experiment in Industrial Order and Community Planning1880-1930 (Oxford University Press).James R. Nelson, MFA'60, head of theart department at Huntington Collège,Montgomery, Ala., recently was given theCollege's John W. Frazer award for outstanding teaching.Daniel C. Noël, MA'60, has been promoted to assistant professor in the department of religion at Lafayette Collège, Eas-ton, Pa.Alan F. Oliver, Jr., MBA'60, a majorin the U.S. Air Force, was graduated thissummer from the Air Command and StaffCollège at Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, Ala., was assigned to RandolphAir Force Base in Texas, as a personneldata Systems analyst. 62Harry D. Jacobs, Jr., MBA'62, has beennamed station manager of WMAQ radioin Chicago.Alan R. Kesselman, MBA'62, has beennamed manager of revenue forecastingand control in Xerox Corporation's Business Products and Systems Division i"Rochester, N.Y.James A. Lindblade, MD'62, a captait28Hemorialsin the U.S. Army, completed a course infield and combat medicine at BrookeArmy Médical Center, Ft. Sam Houston,Tex., in September.64David E. Elowson, MBA'64, has joinedMcBee Systems of Litton Industries as aSystems sales représentative at the com-pany's Chicago office.Laura Godofsky, '64, a former editor of Maroon and a f ounder of the UnitedStates Student Press Association, was mar-ried this fall to Daniel James Horowitz ofNew York.William J. Hock III, MBA'64, a majorin the U.S. Air Force, was graduated fromthe U.S. Air Force Command and StaffCollège at Maxwell Air Force Base, Mont-gomery, Ala., in June, 1967.Ray L. Van Horn, MBA'64, has beenappointed sales manager of the MidwestRégion for Morse Borg- Warner in Chicago.66Thomas J. Casey, MBA'66, Jesuit priestand assistant to the executive director ofthe Catholic Hospital Association, spokeon "Crucial Questions Confronting Catholic Hospitals" at a récent meeting of St.Luke Physicians' Guild at GeorgetownUniversity, Washington, D.C.Richard A. Hudson, PhD'66, a facultymember at Northern Michigan University,Marquette, Mich., recently was awardeda grant to investigate the energy require-ments in the Diels Aider reaction, a pro-cess which enables scientists to studystructure of organic matter.Martin J. Ryan, AM'66, has been appointed to the English faculty at HarperCollège, Elk Grove Village, 111.Enrico Maggi, AM'66, formerly asso-ciated with an international airline inLondon, has been named travel commis-sioner for the midwest United States bythe Italian Government Travel Office.John Makropoulos, MA'66, has beenappointed instructor in English at Frost-burg State Collège, Cumberland, Md. Walter F. McCaleb, PhD'OO, author,lecturer, and banker, died Mar. 2, 1967.Richard R. Wright, DB'01, AM'04,former président of Wilberforce (Ohio)University and senior Bishop of the Afri-can Methodist Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, died Dec. 28, 1967.Harold C. Brubaker, '03, retired ac-countant, died Jan. 19, 1968.Herbert E. Jordan, PhD'04, formermathematics professor at the Universityof Kansas, died Jan. 6, 1968.James H. Skiles, MD'10, died Dec. 10,1967.Eleanor Ahern, '13, died Dec. 15,1967.Lois Borland, AM'13, PhD'29, diedNov. 9, 1967.Earl A. Shilton, PhB'14, JD'16, aChicago attorney and realtor, died March4, 1968. Mr. Shilton's classmates willremember him as spokesman, at graduation, for the présentation to the Universityof the $500 class gift, the Class of '14Student Loan Fund. A contribution tothe Fund in memory of Mr. Shilton hasbeen made by classmate Erling H. Lunde,who suggests that other members of theclass consider such a gesture in tributeto Mr. Shilton.Mary E. Neblick, '17, AM'30, has died.Harriet Curry Oleson, '18, of Sarasota,Florida, died Nov. 4, 1967.John R. Sampey, Jr., '20, SM'21,PhD'23, professor emeritus and formerchairman of the Department of Chemistry at Furman University, Greenville,S.C., died Oct. 24, 1967.Emily Hollowell, '21, former librarian,died Oct. 26, 1967.Hannah Logasa, '21, bibliographer, andretired teacher and librarian at The University of Chicago Laboratory HighSchool, died in December, 1967.Norman C. Meier, '21, AM'22, professor emeritus of psychology at the University of Iowa, died Nov. 2, 1967.Maurice DeKoven, '22, former UnitedStates attorney in New York and régionalcounsel in Chicago for the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,died Nov. 11, 1967. Marion Ne ville Drury, '23, writer, bookcri tic, and artist, died Nov. 22, 1967.William W. Tison, SM'24, former président of Louisiana State Normal Collège,died Dec. 22, 1967.Ralph G. Sanger, '25, SM'26, PhD'31,former UC faculty member and Chairmanof the Kansas State University department of mathematics for twenty-oneyears, died March 12, 1968. He wasresponsible for developing Kansas State'sPhD program in mathematics.Mrs. Bernice F. Klinenberg, PhB'27,a teacher at Highland View ElementarySchool, Silver Spring, Washington, D.C,died Oct. 11, 1967.Fae Thorne Hull, '28, of Richmond,Ind., died Jan. 31, 1968.Anson Clark, MD'29, of Dallas, Texas,died Sept. 14, 1967.J. Norman O'Neill, MD'29 (Rush),former chief of staff at Queen of AngelsHospital in Los Angeles, died Jan. 3,1968.Samuel W. Van Dyne, PhB'30, diedSept. 9, 1967.William E. Gist, '32, Deputy RégionalAdministrator of the U.S. Department ofHousing and Urban Development, diedAug. 27, 1967.Edwin G. Trytten, MD'34, of LongBeach, California, died Nov. 19, 1967.Peter Zimmer, '34, onetime captain ofthe Maroon football team, and a districtsales manager for Pittsburgh Plate GlassCo. in Détroit, died Sept. 21, 1967.Will Lang, '36, chief of Life magazine'sdômes tic and foreign news bureaus, diedJan. 21, 1968.Rena L. Nelson, '36, a senior copy-writer with Campbell-Mithun, Chicago,died Dec. 3, 1967.Théodore F. Lownik, AM'37, MBA'67,executive vice président of Talman Fédéral Savings and Loan Assn., Chicago,died Dec. 31, 1967.Alberta Inge Austin, AM'53, died Aug.17, 1967.Ben O. Lilves, Jr., DB'62, AM'64, assistant professor of philosophy at PhillipsUniversity, Enid, Okla., died Oct. 10,1967.2930The University's announcement thatit plans to change its investment policy received widespread attention inthe national press and on radio andtélévision news broadcasts. The announcement was made March 5 by J.Parker Hall, University Treasurer, andHomer J. Livingston, Chairman ofthe Trustées Investment Committee.The Associated Press said that "TheUniversity of Chicago, which has al-ready made big profits in unusual in-vestments, is now using its on-campusbrain power to invest more aggres-sively."The Wall Street Journal said theUniversity "is under no illusion itcan make money in a hurry."The Chicago Tribune called TheUniversity of Chicago "a pioneer inthe unorthodox in university investment."The Los Angeles Times comparedthe new policy with that of the University of California, recently underattack for too-conservative investing.j. Parker HallLast year, Ford Foundation PrésidentMcGeorge Bundy scolded American ed-ucational institutions for over-conserva-tism in investing their endowment dollars,an attitude, he said, which costs ourcollèges and universities "far more thanexcessive risk-taking." Additional growthin the nation's educational endowmentcapital of only one percent would beworth $120,000,000 a year-more thantwice the Ford Foundation's annual budget for éducation and research.Bundy's message was received withinterest at Chicago, which has long pio-neered in unconventional investments.Our $286,000,000 endowment (fifth orsixth largest among the country's privateuniversities) is in the hands of J. ParkerHall, PhB'27, a man who in his twenty-two years as Treasurer has gained a réputation for wise investing — and for hav-ing a good nose for unorthodox venturesthat pay ofï.When the Ford Foundation set up itsnew Committee on Endowment Management to advise on how collèges and universities might better handle their investment dollars, Hall was named to the nine-man panel along with James H. LorieFacing Page: UC Treasurer J. Parker Hall from the Graduate School of Businessfaculty. And in March, Hall unveiled anew plan to make the University's ownendowment more productive.J. Parker Hall was born in Chicago in1906. His father, James Parker Hall,was Dean of the University's Law Schoolfrom its founding in 1903 until his deathin 1928. Hall studied at the Universityfrom kindergarten to the Collège."I went to the Collège when there werefew requiréd courses or majors. I'm surethe présent system is better, but I ratherenjoyed taking a wide range of studies."In his undergraduate days Hall was captain of a championship water-polo teamand a member of the swimming andtennis teams and the Honor Commission.He was a University Marshal, head ofThe University of Chicago Settlement,and a member of Owl & Serpent andAlpha Delta Phi.For his MBA, Hall went to HarvardBusiness School, where his intereststurned to finance. He recalls a bankmanagement course where he "broughtthe house down" with his recommenda-tion in an investment-study case that abank should hold bonds until maturity—even though some did not mature untilthe year 2361. "The course professorand I became good friends," Hall said,"and it was through him that I was in-vited to Wall Street."Hall's éducation in the real world offinance began when, fresh from businessschool, he went to work for a New Yorkinvestment broker. Thirty days later cameBlack Monday, the stock market crashof September 29, 1929.Employment on Wall Street waschancey in succeeding years, and Hallfound himself out of a job more thanonce. On June 8, 1931, he and his wife,Frances, were married. During a leanperiod in New York they fïgured out thatit would be cheaper to live in Europe, soofï they went to tour the continent in aModel A Ford.Things were not much better whenthey returned to New York, but Hallfinally settled in a job with the research and statistical department of Clark, Dodge& Co. In 1946, after eleven years withthe firm, he came back to Chicago tobecome University Treasurer.When Hall returned to the University,it had just combined its several hundredseparate endowment funds into one poolfor ease of handling. He created threeother mergers: living trust funds, annuityfunds, and working capital funds.Chicago was the first university topool its investments on a market-valuebasis. Most schools hâve followed suit.Since Hall took over, the Universityhas invested "substantial sums in unconventional média which hâve paid ofïhandsomely and in which six or sevenpercent of its endowment is presentlyat risk." This included ventures such asthe leasing of computers, trucks, andlarge neoprene containers. About eigh-teen years ago the University even wentinto the shipping business, purchasinga tanker, chartering it to an oil company,31and later "jumboizing" it."Jumboizing is just what it soundslike," says Hall. "We added a new mid-section to the ship, making it longer andbroader. Amazingly, the ship was ableto go faster, even though it had thesame power plant.Other substantial shipping investmentsfollowed. The University also invests inpart ownership of small aggressive business enterprises, although, Hall says,their sélection requires discrimination,and it is necessary to examine a greatmany possibilities before finding one thatqualifies."Of course," Hall adds, "the bulk ofour investments hâve been in commonstocks, bonds, and real estate. Overall, Ithink we hâve done a creditable job, eventhough in hindsight it appears we'd hâvedone better if we'd had a larger proportion in equities."The treasurer's office handles the University's gênerai financial dealings, in-cluding borrowing. It also handles gifts,which may range from dollars, securities,or real estate to timber, old summer-houses, boats, or airplanes."Perhaps the most fascinating part ofmy job is that there are few things inworld affairs that are outside our in-terests. Events in Europe or Washington,changes in tax laws or the value of thedollar, corporate mergers, crop failures,changes in company leadership — thèseare some of the things we must knowabout immediately so that we can décidewhat effect they may hâve on investments."Hall's affiliations with business andcharitable organizations and professionalassociations are numerous. He sits onseveral boards of directors and is atrustée of four charities. He has servedas président of the Investment AnalystsSociety of Chicago and the Central Association of Collège and University Business Officers. He also is a member ofHarvard University's Visiting Committeeon Administration and Accounts, and helectured at the Wisconsin School of Banking during 1957-59. The Halls live in Highland Park, 111.,where he relaxes by "puttering around"their property. He likes horse-back rid-ing and he keeps in shape with "woodsplitting"— a traditionaF form of wood-cutting that eschews power tools anduses only a crosscut saw, steel wedges,and a sledgehammer. Another diversionis his interest in dendrology, the studyof trees. Mrs. Hall, a onetime painter, isa longtime collector of modestly-pricedart. "Her judgment has been amazinglygood," Hall says. "Many of the worksshe bought for a song are quite valuabletoday— a lot better showing than someinvestments can claim."The Halls hâve three sons. J. ParkerHall III is Assistant Vice Président ofthe Harris Trust & Savings Bank in Chicago. Captain Ferris Minor Hall is anArmy doctor stationed in Frankfurt.Bronson Rumsey Hall is studying atthe University of Wisconsin's GraduateSchool of Business.Bronson, like his father, took libéralstudies in collège, followed by languagesand philosophy, saving his businesscourses for later. Hall says, in gênerai,such a program is the right one: "Business needs well-rounded people."The business of running the University's investments is a vital and com-plex one, made even more crucial by thechronic need for funds shared by ailinstitutions of higher learning. A fund-raising campaign is the classical way tomeet this problem, and the Universitycurrently is engaged in one of the coun-try's largest— a ten-year effort to raise$360,000,000. The first phase of thefund drive, with a $160,000,000 goal,has $19,500,00 earmarked for addingto endowment. Another $25,000,000 inendowment is slated to corne from thefinal phases of the drive.But another obvious way to meet theshortage of funds is to increase theearnings of endowment— to make thedollars on hand work harder. This is theheart of the plan just announced by Hall.The action was taken after extensivestudy by the Investment Committee of the Board of Trustées, by faculty mem.bers concerned with studies and researchin finance, and by the administrativestaff.Earnings from invested endowmentcontributed $10,300,000 toward the University's operating expenditures of $115.000,000 in fiscal year 1966-67. Hall saidthat the University's pressing need forcurrent operating income had inhibitedits ability to own as many highly profitablebut low-dividend-paying growth stocksas might hâve been désirable— anotherexample of the old investment dilemmaof long-term growth versus high currentincome.Under the new plan, which has beenin effect since January 1, $273,000,000in endowment has been split into anEndowment Merger of about $197,000,-000 and a Capital Merger of about$76,000,000. The Endowment Merger,Hall said, "will continue to be investedas previously." The Capital Merger, how-ever, will be invested more aggressivelythan has been traditional, "to produceover the long term the highest availablereturn, including realized and unrealizedcapital gains as weil as ordinary income."The only trouble with the plan— asidefrom the need for redoubled studies ofpromising growth stocks— is an initialdécline in income, which would put intolérable pressure on the University'salready-stretched budget. To prevent this,Hall said, the Trustées hâve approvedspending from the Capital Merger suf-ficient principal to make up for thetemporary loss in income. This will assure that, during the early phases of theplan, the endowment will continue tocontribute as much toward the University's operating expenses as it had before the new plan was instituted. It isexpected that in due course capital appréciation will more than replace suchwithdrawals. Over the long run, Hallsaid, the plan is set up to "generate anincreased amount of spendable funds."Meanwhile, Hall will be on the lookoutfor new ways to help the University'sendowment grow. ^32ARCHIVES\larch, 1893 — The first volume to bepublished by The University of ChicagoPress appeared, a 1 1 6-page work entitledAssyrian and Babylonian Letters Belong-ing to me "K" Collection of the BritishMuséum. Also making its début was thefirst issue of the Journal of Geology.The University announced it was study-ing proposais to establish both a lawschool and a médical school with admissions standards higher than any in thecountry. Many such schools admittedstudents who had only a secondary-school éducation, but those contemplatedby the University would admit only collège graduâtes.March, 1918 — The UC civilian rifle team,with Vieva Moulton, its first womanmember, outshot the varsity rifle team in[he final round of the Intercollegiate RifleMatch. Final standings of the nation'scollège rifle teams were expected to beannounced in the next issue of the National Rifle Association's journal, Armsand the Man.The Archbishop of York, Most Révérend Cosmo Gordon Lang, spoke on"The Universities and the War," at theMarch 19 convocation, when 132 de-grees were conferred and one was takenaway — the University revoked the hon-orary LLD given in 1911 to former German ambassador Von Bernstorff.March, 1943— Prof. Floyd W. Reeveswas in the national spotlight for hiscandid report on éducation to the National Resources Planning Board. Reevescalled for doubling the nation's three-billion-dollar éducation budget and forcombining school districts to eliminateinequalities where rich and poor districtsadjoin.Ralph W. Tyler, Chairman of the Department of Education, reported to acampus conférence of educators that theeducational attainment of the averagesoldier was the second year of highschool, compared to the sixth-grade average in World War I. The Universityof Chicago TieA handsome navy-blue clubtie with the University coat-of-arms in maroon and white,made of traditional silk repspecially woven in England.The Chicago tie may be wornequally weil for business orcasual dress, with or without avest. Of course, your satisfaction is guaranteed, or we'll giveyou a prompt refund.The University of ChicagoAlumni Association5733 University AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637Enclosed is my check for_, payable to TheUniversity of Chicago AlumniAsssociation, for Chi-5.00 each.Name Address_33•g&) The Laing Prize honors and célébrâtes valuable contributions tolearning. The Board of University Publications and the Press hope thatit will encourage further worthy contributions from theacadémie community.The University of Chicago Press AnnouncesTHE BOOKS ELIGIBLE FOR THE LAING PRIZEThe Idea of the Humanities and OtherEssays Critical and HistoricalRonald CrâneThe Place of the Hidden Moon:Erotic Mysticism in the Vaisnava-SahajiyàCuit of BengalEdward C. Dimock, Jr.Group Theory and Its Physical ApplicationsL. M. FalicovEducation and Social Change in GhanaPhilip FosterReality and the Heroic Pattern: Last Playsof Ibsen, Shakespeare, and SophoclesDavid GreneInterpreting LiteratureKnox C. HillSlavery in the Americas:A Comparative Study of Cuba and VirginiaHerbert S. KleinTwins and Twin RelationsHelen.L. KochDreams and Deeds:Achievement Motivation in NigeriaRobert A. LeVine 1968QFCfctewi^ The Chinese Knight-ErrantJames J. Y. LiuTeaching to Read: Historically ConsideredMitford M. MathewsMusic, the Arts, and IdeasLéonard MeyerQuests Surd and Absurd:Essays in American LiteratureJames E. Miller, Jr.Letters from MesopotamiaA. Léo OppenheimThe Modernity of Tradition:Political Development in IndiaLloyd I. Rudolph andSusanne H. RudolphHarper's University: The BeginningsRichard J. StorrThe Limits of Symbolism:Studies of Five Modem French PoetsBernard WeinbergVisions of CultureKarl J. Weintraub&&&) The GORDON J. LAING PRIZE is an annual award of $1,000presented by the Board of University Publications. Any author who wasa member of the University of Chicago faculty on the date his book waspublished by the University of Chicago Press is eligible.The following books hâve been awarded the Laing Prize:1963 History of Literary Criticism in the Italian RenaissanceBernard Weinberg1964 The Rise of the West: A History of the Human CommunityWilliam H. McNeill1965 America's Failure in China, 1941-50Tang Tsou1966 Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead CivilizationA. Léo Oppenheim1967 Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume I, Books 1 and 2Donald F. Lach W OF Cy/\S 1 CrMXVtta¦ cirS:i|eccollenria uturllO%$SSPEmblems usedare miscellaneous imprints andtitle-page ornaments of theUniversity of Chicago Press. The Laing Prize was named in honor of Gordon J. Laing, who cameto the University in 1899 and served as chairman of the LatinDepartment, dean of the Humanities, and as gênerai editor of the Pressfor almost thirty years. It is presented to the author of the bookwhose work adds the greatest distinction to the Press list.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 5750 Ellis Ave. Chicago, 111. 60637