.1The University of Chicagomagazine March 1966Lexicography at the U of C2. A heavy freight wagon of a type first built inConestoga Valley, Pa. In full Conestoga wagon. Nowhist. Cf. scoop wagon.1781 in Pa. Mag. Hist. LXIV. 222, I cannot say I will follow yourAdvice respecting marrying a Dutch Girl, with a good Plantation &a Conostoga Waggon. 1808 Balance (Hudson, N.Y.) 16 Feb. 28 (Th.),The throng of Pittsburg and Conestoga waggons. 1901 ChurchillCrisis 11 After many years the streams began to move again, . . . bywhite conestogas threading flat forests and floating over wide prairies.1945 Mencken Supp. I. 233 The Conestoga-wagon survived until myown boyhood. I hâve seen whole fleets lined up in Howard street,Baltimore, laden with butter and eggs from the Pennsylvania Ger-The Misanthrope was a smash hit! The première production of The Universityof Chicago Professional Théâtre Program, a thoughtful, expérimentalventure into on-campus professional théâtre, was sold out for ail performancesby its fifth day. Chicago drama critics described the productionwith superlatives, calling for more from the University. The Misanthrope wasproduced in collaboration with the Goodman Théâtre of The Art Instituteof Chicago, and was directed by John Reich. lt was presented February 4-27 atthe Law School Auditorium. At left are George Grizzard and BarbaraBaxley, who starred in the play, with Président and Mrs. George W. Beadle.In the scène above are Maurice Copeland, Miss Baxley, and Mr. Grizzard.The University of ChicagomagazineVolume LVIII, Number 6jVlarch, 196675th AnniversaryThe University of ChicagoPubJished since 1907 byTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPhilip C. White, '35, PhD'38PrésidentC. Ranlet LincolnDirector of Alumni AffairsConrad KulawasEditorTHE ALUMNI FUNDErrett Van Nice, '31ChairmanHarry ShollDirectorREGIONAL REPRESENTATIVESDavid R. Leonetti39 West 55th StreetNew York, New York 10019PLaza 7-1473Mrs. Edwin E. Vallon801 16th Street NorthMontebello, California 90640728-3658Mary Leeman420 Market Street, Room 146San Francisco, California 94111YUkon 1-1180Published monthly, October throughJune, by The University of ChicagoAlumni Association, 5733 UniversityAvenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637.Annual subscription price, $5.00.Second class postage paid at Chicago,Illinois. ©Copyright 1966 TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine.AU rights reserved.Advertising rates on request. 2 The Campaign for Chicago: First Progress ReportAn auspicious beginning for the three-year, $160,000,000 drive4 Lexicography at the U of Cby Mitford M. Mathewsn New Challenges to the Urban Universityby Francis S. Chase14 The 1966 Alumni Fund$190,000 on hand toward the 1966 goal of $400,00016 Students on the AirA sketch of WUCB, the student radio station18 Quadrangle News20 Sportshorts21 Club News22 Profiles Adèle E. U. Edisen, Donald Levine24 Alumni News28 Memorials28 University CalendarFront Cover: a section of a page in A Dictionary of Americanisms, edited byMitford M. Mathews, author of the article on lexicography in this issue.Photography Crédits: Stan Karter, pages 14, 16, 17, and 23; Archie Lieberman,page 5; Thomas Russell, page 20; United Press International, page 18.The Campaign for Chicago:First Progress Report"Tonight 1 hâve the happy duty of informing you," saidPrésident George W. Beadle, "that the University has re-ceived a total of $42,1 12,332 in gifts and pledges towardsits campaign goal of $160,000,000."Through the effective efforts of many friends of theUniversity, the Campaign for Chicago is off to a successfulstart. The goal can be reached. However, success will re-quire an extraordinary, continuing effort."Président Beadle spoke to members of the Cabinet of theAlumni Association and the Board of Directors of theAlumni Fund, at a dinner meeting held at the QuadrangleClub, March 1 . It was the first formai progress report ofthe Campaign for Chicago, covering the first seven monthsof the capital fund drive. Présent at the meeting were:Gaylord Donnelley, University Trustée and Chairman ofthe Campaign; Richard F. O'Brien, Vice-Président forPlanning and Development; Philip C. White, Président ofthe Alumni Association and member of the CampaignSteering Committee; and Errett Van Nice, Chairman ofthe Alumni Fund.Mr. Donnelley expressed his gratitude to alumni and stafffor their assistance in the Campaign effort, then listed anhonor roll of major contributors. He emphasized that thelist was only a partial one, since many individual contributors — such as one Médical School alumnus who has pledged$2,000,000 — wish to remain anonymous. Mr. Donnelleysaid: "Among the major contributions made to the Campaign for Chicago are thèse:"$10,000,000 from the Joseph and Helen RegensteinFoundation of Chicago; $1,000,000 from the Standard OilFoundation of Indiana; $500,000 from the Inland Steel-Ryerson Foundation; $300,000 from the Robert R. Mc-Cormick Charitable Trust; $300,000 from the International Harvester Foundation."Although the University is international in its influence,"Mr. Donnelley noted, "support for its Campaign must cornemainly from the Midwest. In the long run, we will needthe continued support of our friends in the Midwest, aswell as others who support -and appreciate the great re-wards which can corne to ail of us through achieving newstandards of excellence in higher éducation."Mr. O'Brien said: "I hâve a spécial feeling of gratitudefor the donors who made tonight's announcement possible.My rôle now is to look ahead to our remaining task of rais- President Beadle (I.) accepts a gift check from Lemuel B. Hunier,Président of Inland Steel-Ryerson Foundation. The Foundation's$500,000 gift is the largest it has made to an institution ofhigher learning, and includes $300,000 in unrestricted funds.ing an additional $1 1 8,000,000. I do so with confidence."I want to take spécial note of the generous contributionsby the alumni. Of the sum of $22,000,000 in gifts andpledges from individuals, $6,921,293 came from alumniof the University."The University has earned the sum of $10,214,501 fromthe Ford Foundation under the terms of its grant to theUniversity. As you know, the Ford Foundation made amatching grant of $25,000,000, with the provision that theUniversity must raise $3 for every $ 1 from the Foundation.The ten million dollars-plus earned under the terms of theFord grant is included in the announced total."Président Beadle told the cabinet meeting about severaloutstanding récent additions to the faculty. He went on todescribe the events on campus which hâve, in part, beenmade possible by the "generous response to our Campaignby friends of the University." Président Beadle said:"Last Friday we announced the establishment at the University of the Academy for Policy Study. This Academy>which will be under the direction of Charles U. Daly, ourVice-Président for Public Affairs, will provide a majorinternational forum for an examination of major issuesaffecting the nation. The Academy will dévote a full yearto the study of one particular issue. During 1966, theAcademy will dévote itself to a comprehensive study °'2China. Internationally eminent scholars and men of publicaffairs from this nation and abroad will come to the campusduring this year to participate in this study."Let me now discuss with you the progress of our campusbuilding program, the cornerstone of which is the construction of a new graduate research library. This library is nowvirtually a reality because of the generous and magnificentgift of $ 1 0,000,000 by the Joseph and Helen RegensteinFoundation of Chicago. Construction will begin soon."In addition, the rénovation of Cobb Hall, which ail ofyou rcmember from your student days on campus, is wellunder way, and we expect it to be ready for use by the Collège by the autumn quarter. The eight-million-dollar Silvainand Arma Wyler Children's Hospital is nearing completion.We expect this important building to be ready for use inlate summer, 1 966. The Kelly-Green-Beecher complex hasbeen completely renovated for the department of psy-chology and other parts of social science. The Searle Lab-oratory for Chemistry is well under way on Ellis Avenue,north of the Administration building."The Laboratory for Astrophysics and Space Research iscomplète. The Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School hasbéer, expanded. Plans are essentially complète for a highenergy physics building near the Space Science Laboratory,for a geophysics laboratory on the site of South Ricketts,and for an expérimental animal facility under the courtyardGifts and pledges in seven months of the CampaignIndividualsAlumniOthersBequestsAlumniOthersFoundations (except Ford)CorporationsAssociationsFord Matching GrantGovernment Building Grants $6,570,708$15,595,687$350,585$171,442$3,610,758$3,548,136$1,796,919$10,214,501$253,596 àGuylord Donnelley APhilip C. WhiteTotal $42,112,332 just south of Abbott Laboratory. Preliminary architecturalplans hâve been made for a second tower of Pierce Hall, tobe used for student housing."Other buildings provided in the campaign plan includea science library, rénovation of Harper Library which willbe used by undergraduates, a theater, an art gallery, additions to Midway Studio, a music center, other student résidences, an enlarged student center, additional classroomsand laboratories, a cardiology center, a surgery building,new space for medicine and psychiatry, plus completion ofthe modernization of Kent Hall."Life on campus will be further improved by the construction of a new men's gymnasium ($1,700,000) and a new,enclosed swimming pool ($1,700,000); the conversion ofBartlett Gymnasium for use by women ($400,000); therénovation of Ida Noyés Hall into a modem student union($900,000); and the raising of $200,000 to support studentservices and activities."The University's cultural life will benefit directly fromthe development of a center for the living arts — expectedto cost between $6,000,000 and $7,000,000."The campaign includes more than $10,000,000 to mod-ernize the Quadrangles, expand the campus south of theMidway and west of Drexel Avenue, and improve plantopération and maintenance. The campaign has budgeted$ 1 1 ,000,000 for direct support of académie research thatfalls into new catégories where support would not otherwisebe available."As you can see, our needs are considérable. But we hâvebeen able to raise more than 26 per cent of our total goalof $160,000,000. And this start has made us ail confidentthat we can raise the remainder."What we hâve accomplished thus far, is, of course, dueto the generosity of our friends. 1 include in this group, thetrustées, the corporations, foundations, and, of course, thealumni of the University, who are represented by you hèretonight."The support which the University has received from thèsefriends has been most tangible. You, as well as our otherfriends, hâve made us confident that we will be able toaccomplish our goals. As alumni, you know of the greatnessof this University. With the continued support of ail ourfriends, the University will give to future générations thequality of training they and the nation deserve." ?3Lexicography at the U of Cby Mitford M. Mathews, Sr.JTtîe Chicago Assyrian Dlctioeary (CAD)oseph Scaliger, the great philologist of the Renaissance,is reputed to hâve once said that "a part of the daily prayerof every educated man should be thanksgiving to God thatHe had been pleased to make lexicographers."Students of the history and culture of ancient Assyriamight well be thankful to God for having made not onlylexicographers but also the hundreds of others and the institutions that concentrate their efforts to make it possible forlexicographers to carry on their work and make its resuîtsknown.Through the generosity of Mr. Rockefeller and the geniusof James Henry Breasted, the Oriental Institute was organ-ized in 1919 for the immédiate purpose of maintaining andexpanding Haskell Oriental Muséum. At présent, the sunnever sets on the activities hère and abroad sponsored by theInstitute.Within two years of its organization the Institute, under theguidance of Dr. Breasted, began work on an essential butnevertheless long and difficult project. In 1850 Sir HenryRawlinson had made his mémorable decipherment of cunei-form, thus enabling scholars for the first time to read OldPersian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and eventually other important languages of western Asia.Clay tablets upon which were texts in cuneiform had beenfound in great numbers in Mesopotamia and adjoining partsof the Near East. To read thèse, a dictionary was urgentlyneeded. Individual scholars had donc their best to supplythis need, but small dictionaries, based upon a limited bodyof material, did not afford ail the help required.By the time the Oriental Institute was organized, the schol-arly world was well acquainted with the great work going onin England to prépare an unabridged dictionary of the Eng-lish language on historical principles. Dr. Breasted saw thatwhat was needed was an Assyrian dictionary which would,like the English one, be based upon ail the pertinent materialthus far brought to light. It should be prepared by a staff ofexperts sponsored by an organization, in this instance theOriental Institute, both capable and willing to see the projectthrough to the distant end. Since new finds were being madeail the time, provisions would hâve to be made to keepabreast of new material as it became available.In the basement of Haskell Oriental Muséum work got under way on the dictionary. Professor D. D. Luckentill ofthe University was selected to hâve charge of it, and Dr.John H. Maynard was made his chief assistant to serve as theSecretary of the Assyrian Dictionary. The first thing to bedone obviously was to bring together, in proper dictionaryform, conveniently arranged on cards suitably designed, ailthe cuneiform material available. Collaborators were securedin other institutions for carrying out this essential task.As this assembling of materials went on, the range of cuneiform studies expanded markedly. It now embraces OldAkkadian texts from the late third millennium up te andincluding others dating from the first century A.D. and comprises dialects spoken in areas entirely beyond the limits ofBabylonia and Assyria proper. The name "Assyrian Dictionary" is not adéquate for the work in its présent scope, butis retained for tradition' s sake.For about thirty years after the project was begun, the staffworked upon the materials that had to be examined andbrought under control. It is estimated that at présent theword catalogue available for the dictionary amounts to overtwo million cards. More are being added as the publicationof new texts makes material available for excerpting,But the great bulk of the collecting has been done, and ninevolumes of the dictionary hâve thus far appeared: A, (Partï), B, D, G, E, H, I-J, S, and Z. At the présent rate ofprogress, it is hoped that a volume a year may be issued.ït is gratifying to know that the original estimate of theeditors and publisher that 750 sets would supply the demandfor a work of this nature has already proved too modest andthat at présent 1,000 sets are being prepared. To keep thedictionary abreast of the new material which is accumulat-ing, suppléments are being planned.Mitford M. Mathews (at right), Professorial Lecturer in theDepartment of Linguistics, retired, is one of America's foremostlexicographers. In 1925 he began his graduate work in the EnglishDepartment of The University of Chicago, where he was a memberof the first class taught by Sir William Craigie. He worked withCraigie on the Dictionary of American English until its completionin 1944, when he began editing the Dictionary of Americanisms.He is the author of several books on linguistics, including TheBeginnings of American English (1931) and A Survey of EngliàDictionaries (1933). Since his retirement in 1956, he has served asa consultant on the staff of Webster s New World Dictionary. Theprésent article, revised by Mr. Mathews for The University 0/Chicago Magazine, is taken from the séries, "Occasionaî Essays,of the Division of Humanities.4The Editorial Board consists of A. Léo Oppenheim, Profes-sor of Assyriology, Editor-in-Charge and Director of theProject; Ignace J. Gelb, Professor of Assyriology, Editor;Benno Landsberger, Professor Emeritus of Assyriology,Editor; and Erica Reiner, Professor of Assyriology, Editor.SA Dictionary of American English (DAE)oon after the Assyrian Dictionary project was launched,the University was able to sponsor other projects of human-istic research. One of the directions in which it now becamepossible to expend time and effort was in preparing a dictionary of American English on historical principles. Theneed for a work of this kind had been felt and expressedmuch earlier, but in 1922, when Professor (later Sir) William A. Craigie, one of the editors of the New EnglishDictionary at Oxford, was lecturing in this country, he real-ized more keenly than ever that a corresponding work, basedentirely upon American sources, would be a most acceptablecontribution to the history of the English language.Dr. John Matthews Manly, at the head of the EnglishDepartment in the University, quickly saw the desirabilityof having Sir William become a member of the Englishfaculty hère and take charge of collecting materials for sucha dictionary. In the late summer of 1925 Sir William andLady Craigie came to the Chicago campus where he, atthe beginning of the Autumn Quarter, with the help of stu-dents enrolled for his course in making a dictionary, beganto collect dictionary material.For the benefit of those not familiar with the making ofdictionaries, it should be said that such works are based uponévidence culled from printed and written sources. Dictionaries made upon so-called historical principles illustrate andsubstantiate the définitions they contain by printing as manyof thèse source-passages as they can. Such dictionaries thusprésent the historiés of the words with which they deal.Smaller dictionaries, though they too are based upon col-lected évidence, cannot présent many, if any, of thèse illu-minating quotations.In preparing a dictionary on historical principles, books,5magazines, diaries, newspapers, letters, etc., are read, andquotations, usually complète sentences, copied on slips ofpaper. Thèse slips, usually four by six inches in size, each oneshowing a particular word in a particular use, are referred tocollectively as "dictionary material." The accurate préparation of thèse definitely dated and located quotations is amatter of great importance. The more of them a dictionarystaff has at its disposai, the more the resulting dictionary isenriched. In the making of the New English Dictionary therewere millions of thèse slips available for the editors; nearlytwo million of them were printed in the completed dictionary.Fortunately for Sir William and his project, he was able inthe autumn of 1927 to bring to this country George Watson,the most experienced and efficient of his helpers at Oxford.Watson was well trained in ail phases of dictionary work,including the printing. His unsparing industry, his préciseknowledge of just what was needed, and his cheerfulnessunder ail circumstances made him an addition of great valueto the dictionary staff.His work- week must hâve been at least sixty hours. Hewas at the office by eight and left at six, often not takingtime out for lunch, but munching a sandwich at his desk ashe continued to bring into proper order the materials uponwhich he might be working. In the evenings at home, heoften finished off things for which he had not had time atthe office. On Saturdays he quit the office at noon— not thathe went home and rested in the afternoon. This was the timehe set aside for rummaging through bookshops in ail partsof the city in quest of books needed in the dictionary work,looking especially for référence works that were mostneeded.Under Watson's guidance, the students in Sir William'sclasses in a few years had accumulated a véritable avalancheof material that filled the specially made shelves that linedmuch of the walls in the dictionary office, which, by this time,was on the fourth floor of Wieboldt Hall. Dictionary slips tobe of practical use hâve to be alphabetized in accordancewith the "catch words" written on the upper left-hand cornerof each one. To put a few hundred or a few thousand ofthem in proper order is not a formidable task, but hère per-haps two or three million were involved.Watson had pondered this problem and called Sir William's attention to the possibility of using the National YouthAdministration help to solve it. The NYA had been estab- lished by the government in 1935 for unemployed youth andfor part- time employment for needy students. A labor forceof students at the University willing, even glad, to work fortwenty-five cents an hour, soon alphabetized the materialfor the dictionary.After ten years spent in assembling material, Sir Williamfelt that he had enough to begin the work of editing. Just ashad been the case with the New English Dictionary, theDictionary of American English, or the DAE, was issued inparts. Subscriptions were taken for the work in advance ofpublication, and the parts sent to subscribers as they werecompleted. Part I, taking the work from "A" to "Baggage,"appeared in September, 1937.By this time, Sir William, having reached retirement âge,had returned to England. Upon his departure, Dr. JamesRoot Hulbert, of the English Department, took charge inthe dictionary room and had oversight of the work throughthe completion of the remaining nineteen parts. Thèse werethen bound in four handsome volumes, and the entire workcompleted in January, 1944.The advertising department of the Press had done such anexcellent pièce of work selling subscriptions that, long beforethe final part was completed, it was évident that not a greatmany of the 2,500 sets printed would be available for salewhen the finished work appeared. But nobody anticipatedwhat actually took place.When the complète work was finally offered for sale, theworld was aflame with war. Money and patriotism were alikeplentiful. The price of the new dictionary, $100.00, waschallenging. Possession of it became a status symbol. Pur-chasers sprang up in unexpected and unprecedented places.There was a rumor that a meat-cutter working in a marketnear the University bought two sets. It was said that AlSmith, formerly governor of New York, secured six sets.Within a matter of ten days or two weeks not a set remainedin the hands of the publishers. A printing which the Pressthought would last for years had vanished overnight.At least a few critics replenished their supply of cynics'bans and asked questions of the Press. "Why did you notprint a larger issue?" The answer was that the Press hadprinted as many copies as they had secured paper for inearlier days when 2,500 appeared to be a sufficient number.Why did not the Press at once, seeing how well the dictionary was selling, print a few thousand more sets? Again it was6a question of paper. The DAE was printed on a choice qual-ity of stock. War was on, and no more such paper could behad. In fact, the Press could not even hâve used the paperthey did had it not been purchased and set aside for thisparticular purpose before the shortage of material of thiskind set in.Among the rumors that got afloat was that the authoritiesat the Press had killed and distributed the type used in thework and thus made it impossible for any more sets ever tobe issued. There was an élément of truth in this report. Thetype had been killed and distributed, but only after plateshad been made and the type rendered no longer necessary.Even so, some of the mutterers insisted that the plates hadbeen destroyed too, but this was entirely in error.As the years passed, reports of how badly booksellersneeded and could sell additional sets of the dictionary con-tinued to be occasionally heard. Time and again the Presswas on the verge of providing more sets, but, on the basis ofcautious appraisals of the sales possibilities, held ofï.Finally, the Press ventured, but with caution. In February1960 an issue of 616 new sets of the DAE was brought out,complète in ail respects, even to the original price of $100.00a set Since then there hâve been other issues with the resuitthat 1 ,600 sets hâve been sold to date.His investigation of American English was only one of SirWilliam's scholarly interests. Long before he came to Chicago he had begun collecting material for a dictionary ofOlder Scottish. He continued his interest and work in thisfield as long as he lived. Upon his death in 1957 at the âgeof 90, he left this dictionary in the capable hands of A. J.Aitken, a long-time friend and helper. At présent approxi-mately naïf of it has been issued by the University of ChicagoPress and Oxford.HA Dictionary of Americanisms (DA)aving been a member of the staff of the DAE fromhe beginning, I was greatly impressed by the two distincttypes of words included in it. On the one hand, there were°ld terms such as Abuttal., n., A dock, Actuary, Adjutant,Ain't, Air (for Are, not entered), Artist, Ary (for Any), Ax (for Ask, not entered) . Mixed in with thèse were wordsand expressions such as Abalone, AU aboard, Abolitionparty, Accommodation train, Acequia, Addressee, Adios,Adobe, Adventist, and so forth.Words of this second group were added to the language inthis country; those of the first were not, though of coursethey hâve been used hère. Of the two groups, it seemed tome that the additions made hère were of more interest toboth scholars and laymen, and that they well deserved thebest treatment that could be given them in a dictionary oftheir own. Sir William and I talked the matter over, and heat once agreed that although in the DAE we were pointingout thèse new words and new meaning for old words as well,it would be désirable to hâve a dictionary devoted exclu-sively to words and meanings that had first corne into usein the English of this country.I discussed the matter with other scholars, among them Mr.Kittredge, my old mentor at Harvard, and my good friendH. L. Mencken at Baltimore, both of whom were enthusias-tic in their praise of the idea. But the rank and file of teachersof English whom I consulted were unable to see any meritin sucli an undertaking. Their attitude was not surprising.Long before the Révolution, British observers pointed outthat over hère the ofîspring of the less worthy classes thathad settled this country, including much more than a fairshare of deported criminals and indentured servants, wereengaged in corrupting and degrading the "pure" Englishthat prevailed, and had prevailed, in the mother-country.After the Révolution terminated as it did, thèse cries aboutdégradation and corruption multiplied and intensified.This lament from over the water was echoed hère bymembers of the intelligentsia to such an extent that evento this day many educated people, without knowing muchabout what has happened to the English language in thiscountry, feel sure that our contribution is properly and withbecoming wit labeled "Slanguage," and deserves apologyrather than serious study. One of the professors of Englishwith whom I talked over this matter assured me that he hadtaught the history of the English language in his institutionfor over forty years and in ail that time the idea that anyrespectable words had ever been added to the language inthe United States had not once occurred to him.The fact has been often observed that those things near athand and of daily expérience are often among the last to be7examined critically. The story of the old man who lived atthe bottom of the sea is applicable hère. This remarkable oldcharacter was of a decidedly intellectual bent. He spenthis long lif e investigating everything he deemed worthy of hisattention on the far stretches of the océan floor. It wasnot until he was very old, and then quite by chance, thathe came upon the greatest find of his entire life— he dis-covered water!The fact is, as more and more people nowadays are comingto realize, that the part of the English language that hasbeen contributed in this country is by no means altogetherbad. It has no more than its normal share of that which isdiscreditable. Little by little our teachers are coming torealize that if they wish to understand fully what our writershâve bequeathed to us, it is necessary to know ail we canabout the words our forebears employed.In other words, a close study of the ways in which ourancestors added to and departed from their linguistic in-heritance becomes every day better and better appreciated.Such added words as adobe, allergy, Americanism, Ameri-canize, antibody (a médical term), appendicitis, automobile, babbitt, backwoods, banjo, bateau, bayou, bingo, bloodbank, Mue baby, bluff, n. and v., bobolink, bowery (andBowery), Christmas tree, coronary thrombosis, cybernetics,cyclotron, delicatessen, demoralize, gorilla, hickory, hydrant,lengthy, Santa Claus, taxi, and tularemia are likely to disturbthe composure of those disposed to belittle (another contribution) the additions made hère at home to our commonmeans of communication.But the additions by no means tell the full story. Thousandsof words of ancient standing in the language hâve beenwrested, as it were, from their old foundations and adaptedto our needs. What we call a buffalo is entirely unlike thecréature so called in other parts of the world; corn is anotable example of our rétention of an old term in anentirely new sensé; marshal with us usually refers to anofficer having functions unlike those of a marshal in Eng-land; we use président in ways différent from those employedin England; a public school with us is not the same as it isin England, and our robin does not even belong to the samegenus as the English robin.In conférences with those in authority at the Press, I ex-plained the situation as well as I could, emphasizing the two-fold nature of the DAE, the foreign and the native standing side by side on practically every one of its pages. The resuitwas that the Press undertook to sponsor, when the DAEwas completed, a new dictionary restricted to the peculiarlyAmerican élément in the language, and that would alsoinclude terms brought into the language after 1900, as theD^lEdidnotdo.This plan made it possible to include in the later dictionarynot only more récent examples of words in use before 1900but a host of expressions such as best seller, currency exchange, Currier and lves, Gibson Girl, Gideon Bible, Harveygirl, honor System, iron lung, ivory tower, jaywalk, jazz,jeep, kewpie, kibitzer, Kiwanian, Klamath (Indian), klaxon,Klieg light, Knights of Columbus, levis, zipper, zucchini, andso forth, the évidence for which, as now collected, does notgobackof 1900.Much needed évidence for the DA was supplied by JosephA. Weingarten of New York City, who had been so inter-ested in the Americanisms occurring in the DAE that hebegan collecting such expressions. He gave what he foundto students of American English in the form of a 95-pagebooklet, admirably done, and supplied without cost to thoseinterested. Another valuable addition of dictionary materialwas contributed by Charles Lovell, who in joining the DAstaff brought with him from California sixty pounds of slips.The use of illustrations in the DA distinguishes it fromother dictionaries on historical principles. Mr. Irvin Studney,a graduate of the Art Institute of Chicago, was the illustrator.The plan was followed of using illustrations chiefly forhistorical reasons. Pioneer fences, including of course therail fence, perhaps the best known of them ail, were oftenillustrated. Articles of Indian manufacture and use were alsofrequently pictured. Among thèse were drawings of a hogan,a sweat lodge, a mocock (a container made of birch bark),an atlatl (used for spear throwing) , a banner stone, probablyused on thèse atlatls, a long house, especially popular amongthe Iroquois, an Indian razor, for removing hair by pullingit out, and différent kinds of shell money, including alloco-chick or hiaqua, a form used on the West Coast. Articlesused by pioneers , were not neglected, illustrations beingsupplied of a shingle horse, shaving horse or draw horse useoin dressing shingles, a sash saw, an ash hopper, and a beegum of a kind which gave the article its name, being a sectionof a hollow gum tree.Mr. Studney was extremely careful in illustrating thèse8things now obsolète. He had to hâve right before him theobject itself or a picture before he would venture to touchhis pencil. This caused him and me to hâve the pleasure ofransacking ail the muséums in the Chicago area. He evenvisited police headquarters to get a look at brass knuckles,brass knucks, iron knuckles, knuckle dusters, knuckles, orJcnucks—as the murderous things are variously called — ofwhich I had asked him to make a drawing.The Dictionary of Americanisms appeared in 1951, con-sisting of about 2,000 pages, at first in two volumes, butlater combined into one. Its réception both in this countryand abroad was extremely encouraging. About 17,000copies hâve thus far been sold.TThe University of Chicago Spanish Dictionaryhe next dictionary to be considered, just as those al-ready discussed, is not of an ordinary type. Its uniquenessis explained in the first paragraph of the Foreword: "TheUniversity of Chicago Spanish Dictionary has been compiledfor the gênerai use of the American learner of Spanish andthe Spanish learner of English, with spécial référence ineither case to New World usages as found in the UnitedStates and Latin America."The Spanish are a proud people, and one of the things ofwhich they are justifiably proud is the élégant Castilianform of their language. But linguistic facts are no respectersof persons. In this country and in Mexico and South America the Spanish language has attained a status and dignitywhich makes it pre-eminently suitable for study by thosehère who wish to learn Spanish. To say this is of course notto belittle the polished language of old Castile— not at ail-but the fact is that, for every American student desirous ofperfecting himself in this highly cultured form of speech,there are ten who would like very much to gain control ofthe médium of communication employed by those to thesouth of us. And the same thing is true in reverse with respectto Spanish students in this country and in Latin America.For compiling this new kind of Spanish-English— English-Spanish dictionary based upon American English and NewWorld Spanish standards, the Press secured the services of Dr. Carlos Castillo and Dr. Otto F. Bond, both of TheUniversity of Chicago. With the assistance of Dr. BarbaraM. Garcia of Mills Collège, Oakland, California, the editorsbrought their work to a close in 1948, and that same yearthe dictionary was on the market.Its merits were quickly recognized, and within a matter ofweeks a New York publisher of paperbacks arranged withthe Press to bring out a cheaper printing. Almost five million copies hâve been sold by that outlet alone.T^ A Dictionary of Selected Synonymshe year following the appearance of its Spanish Dictionary, the Press brought out another of an extremely schol-arly type compiled by Dr. Cari Darling Buck, Martin A.Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Comparative Philology in the University. It is usually referred toas a Dictionary of Ideas, because in it Dr. Buck tried toanswer the question: "How do we get our ideas?"This is a simple question, but, as Dr. Buck dealt with it, amost profound and basic one. He said in his Préface: "Thekind of thinking that distinguishes man from brute has beenbuilt up by and is dépendent upon the use of symbols. Sincevocal utterance attained a higher development than gestureas a means of communication, thèse symbols are, in factthe words . . . The history of ideas is embodied in the historyof words; for certain concrète notions the meaning hasremained virtually constant for thousands of years, as, forexample, those for the numerals and for close family rela-tionship like 'father,' 'mother,' and so forth. But such casesare the exception."The full title of Dr. Buck's book, taken in connection withthèse excerpts from his Préface, gives a pretty clear indication of the field of his researches: A Dictionary of SelectedSynonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages: AContribution to the History of Ideas. Over a period of manyyears, Dr. Buck examined more than a thousand wordsdenoting ideas that must hâve been common ail over theIndo-European world. He found how thèse ideas were ex-pressed in about two dozen of the principal Indo-Europeanlanguages in an effort, to find what aspects or characteristics9of the phenomena concerned gave rise to, or might hâvegiven rise to, the words used to dénote them.For a man with Dr. Buck's attainment his must hâve beena most absorbing quest. In the nature of things, it could notoften lead to positive conclusions, but in case after caseit did lead to fascinating suggestions. For example, bear, thename of the well-known animal, appears to be descendedfrom a color word meaning brown. But this characteristic ofthe créature was not by any means the only one whichinspired names for him in very ancient times. His fondnessfor honey, and his destroying beehives to get it, inspiredmore Indo-European names for the créature than did hiscolor.Dr. Buck's 1,500-page Dictionary of Ideas will be a prizedpossession of scholars for a long time to corne.IA Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testamentn Jacob B. Smith's Greek-English Concordance to theNew Testament (1955), based upon the King James Version, 5,524 Greek words are listed. This relatively smallnumber of words has received more studious attention fromlexicographers than any other group that might be found.Dr. Gingrich has pointed out that the history of lexicons inthis area begins with a very poorly executed glossary of 75pages in the first volume of the Complutensian Polyglot of1522. This was the earliest of the polyglot Bibles and received its name from the ancient town near Madrid, thenknown as Complutum, but now as Alcalâ de Henares.Despite this early beginning, up to six years ago the Eng-lish-speaking world had only one unabridged lexicon of theGreek New Testament. This was the work of a professor atHarvard, Joseph Henry Thayer, who in 1864 began totranslate and augment a Greek-Latin New Testament lexicon. Professor Thayer's duties as a member of Harvard' sdivinity f aculty contributed to the delay of the appearanceof his translation until 1886. Three years later a correctedédition appeared.This book has given excellent service, but it has never beenrevised to incorporate the advances made in New Testamentscholarship, notably those made in connection with the papyrus discoveries which began about 1890. Somethingmore up to date was urgently needed.In 1947 the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod observedits centennial. In connection with this event, a centennialthank-offering was gathered, a part of which was set asidefor scholarly research. New Testament scholars had felt fora long time that there was an urgent need for a translationinto English of the Griechisch-deutsches Wôrterbuch zu denSchriften des Neuen Testaments und der ûbrigen urchrisulichen Literatur of Professor Walter Bauer of Gottingen.The Press having by this time secured an enviable réputation in the dictionary field, the Lutheran authorities got intouch with the Director and worked out with him a programfor the Church to defray the cost of producing in English thefourth revised and augmented édition of Bauer, 1952. ThePress agreed to provide suitable quarters for the translatingand editing and to make available to the undertaking theexpérience and technical skill required. The Press also agreedto publish and distribute the dictionary.In 1949, therefore,' Dr. William F. Arndt of ConcordiaSeminary in St. Louis and Dr. F. W. Gingrich of AlbrightCollège, Reading, Pa., set to work in the dictionary room atthe Press. The manuscript was completed by January, 1955,and composition began at the University Press, Cambridge,England. By 1957 A Greek-English Lexicon of the NewTestament and Other Early Christian Literature was completed and on the market.This book is not only a beautiful unabridged lexicon-itis a treasure-house of concise références to New Testamentscholarship. The sales to date of almost 35,000 copies is anindication of the warmth of its réception by teachers andstudents alike.In their Foreword to this extremely compétent and highlyesteemed work editors Arndt and Gingrich wrote: "Thisdictionary in its English dress constitutes a gift of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod to the English-speaking world,presented in the hope that the work may assist in the interprétation and dissémination of the Divine Word whichlives and abides for ever."The most récent contribution to lexicography made at theUniversity is the Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament, edited by Dr. Gingrich. This is an abridged version ofthe larger work, an exceptionally attractive little book,admirably edited and printed. 010New Challenges to theUrban Universityducation, the chief hope in helping our cities émergefrom their présent troubles, is itself beset with the problemsof the city. To make éducation equal to the needs of man inthe modem city will require a powerful combination oflocal, state, and national resources; but the university hasan essential and unique rôle in the undertaking.As our society has become increasingly technological incharacter, our great cities hâve exhibited in heightenedform the tensions and maladies as well as the beneficentpossibilities of our culture. Over-crowding and other conditions characteristic of our urban slums, pollution of air andwater, unemployment, and rising crime rates are only someof the symptoms of our failure to develop attitudes andinstitutions consonant with our urban culture and our re-iterated commitments to human dignity and freedom. Ifwe fail to cope with thèse threats and with other dehuman-izing forces which keep individuals from realizing them-selves or finding their places in their culture and theirsociety, the future of our civilization may be short andbrutish. But if we succeed in increasing the amenities oflife and the quality of living in our large cities, the prospectsfor the future of our civilization will be so bright that onlya major catastrophe such as a nuclear war could dim them.Perhaps the most shocking incongruity in our nation todayis the présence in great urban centers of serious culturaldeprivation alongside cultural resources unmatched inquantity, variety, and richness by any previous âge. Thecontrast of poverty with riches — cultural and spiritual aswell as material — is not new in the history of mankind. YetI would argue that the contrast is even more disconcertingand dangerous today than in any past period, because in oursociety the city is not merely the major generator of culturalchange, but the bright heart of our culture itself. That whichis not of urban origin draws its sustenance from the city,witliout which it would quickly wither.Moreover, the rot at the core of our cities is so extensivethat the remedy is to be found, not in piecemeal attemptsat rehabilitation, but only in a magnificently imaginativereconceptualization of the place of the city in our evolvingFrancis S. Chase, PhD'51, is a Professor in the University's Department of Education. He is co-editor of The High School in a NewEra. This article is taken from his address to New York University'sSchool of Education at their Diamond Jubilee célébration on March1> 1965. Mr. Chase received an honorary LLD from New YorkUniversity on that occasion. by Francis S. Chasetechnological society. And only equally imaginative planning can enable ail the inhabitants of the city to share fullyin the benefits such a society can offer. Our affluent citizenscan no longer avert their eyes from the plight of the un-fortunate, can no longer imagine that their lives will beuntouched by the despair that grows in the city's ghettos orby the déniai of dignity and freedom through préjudice,indifférence, or depersonalized organization.TJL. he urban university, whether it likes it or not, willflourish or die with the central city; and the great metro-politan center will not cure its ills or attain its promise un-less the urban university plays its proper rôle. By creatingunderstanding of the conditions of modem man and of thekinds of action through which those conditions may bemodified, it can help insure that every man will hâve theopportunity and the motivation to live as fully as the stateof our culture and the resources of the planet permit.More is demanded of éducation today than at any time inmankind's past. The increased demands represent society'scry for help in coping with the tidal wave of cultural changewhich follows swiftly the explosive advances of science andtechnology. It is a wave which washes at the foundations oftreasured institutions and exposes the human débris on theunderside of civilization. The présent demands on éducation incorporate the old call to help man gain mastery ofhimself and free himself from the tyranny of external cir-cumstances; but now, for the first time, "man" means ailmen, and the external circumstances are global rather thanlocal. Consequently, what we require of éducation today isthat, while redefining in more rigorous terms the powers tobe developed through éducation, it should simultaneouslyreach out and encompass ail, including those formerlythought ineducable.The attainment of our traditional ideals and the promiseof our society dépend heavily upon our success in develop-ing the full potential of ail our people. Until recently oureducational enterprise has operated on the tacit assumptionthat there is a sizable proportion of the population capableof little in the way of intellectual development and able toperform only the most uncomplicated work tasks. Buttoday, the advance of technology has ail but destroyed the11tasks at which the poorly educated could be profitably employed. Moreover, studies hâve suggested that incapacityfor éducation may be as much a function of environment asof genetic inheritance. Thèse two factors, combined withthe struggles of disadvantaged groups for an équitable sharein the décisions and benefits of our society, hâve produceda three-pronged challenge to éducation to become a newkind of social change agent. First, it must find ways to edu-cate ail, including those previously considered incapableof learning anything requiring sustained attention or ab-stract thought. Second, it must provide more effectively forthe development of the higher abilities — not merely in anélite, but in a majority of the population. And third, it mustpave the way for a genuinely integrated and open society,in which the widest possible diffusion of material and cultural benefits is assured.The challenges to éducation appear in their most acuteform in our large cities. Urban schools are expected to findmeans to overcome cultural deprivation and other handicaps to learning; to rise above the préjudices and follies ofthe society which supports them; to break up the ghettoscreated by avarice, discrimination and other forms of socialexclusiveness (without offending anyone, of course); todevelop the créative potential for contributions to the arts,sciences, and public service; and to do ail this while desper-ately short of facilities, of qualified staff, and of money.Finally, the task facing schools in our cities is made evenmore formidable by the continuance of social conditionswhich destroy self-esteem and generate despair. Success inthe long run requires, therefore, not only a concerted effortto assure ail children a fair start on the road to learning anda clear track for full development, but also great ingenuityin finding ways to help individuals identify and embrace thevalues and the policies essential to the health of society andto maximum freedom and opportunity for ail its members.Education cannot hope to meet thèse challenges unlessthe universities play their proper part in providing knowl-edge on which effective courses of action may be based andin training leaders who can give wise direction to the development of relevant programs and institutions. Hère again,their task is made more difficult by the great accélérationin the discovery of ever more highly specialized knowledge.It is important to remind ourselves constantly of the manysteps neçessary to make the fruits of scholarly inquiry avail able for classroom instruction. First, the new knowledgeeither has to be fitted into existing formulations or olderknowledge has to be ref ormulated to accommodate the new.This is a task that goes beyond research and requires thebuilding of new conceptual structures, a major concern ofhigher éducation. Second, the new statements of relation-ships must be published and subjected to the scrutiny, notonly of the specialized groups of scholars immediately con-eerned, but others in the wider académie community. Third,the bearing of the new knowledge on the whole body ofknowledge in a particular discipline and on the larger culture must be communicated through an extended séries ofinterprétations and applications. Fourth, the new knowledge and the light and shadows it casts must be built intoinstructional materials of diversity sufficient to meet theneeds of ail learners who are expected to profit by it. Fifth,teachers must be helped to find ways of communicating theessential meanings of the new knowledge to those from theslums as well as from the suburbs; to the léthargie as well asthe alert; to the action-oriented as well as the studious. And,last, teachers must show great ingenuity in adapting theirown behaviors to the new knowledge.Si^J cholars in universities and elsewhere are beginning tomake notable contributions to our understanding of whatis involved in developing the full educable capacity of ailthe people. Research on the effects of cultural and socialenvironment on intelligence is being pursued today not onlyby psychologists but also by linguists, neurologists, soci-ologists, and many other scholars. This type of inquiryneeds to be pursued relentlessly and to be communicatedto those engaged in the teaching and administration of éducation. We do not know as yet whether it is possible to bringentire populations to the level of literacy and ability to thinklogically and quantitatively that appear to be required bythe advance of our culture, but the future of civilizationhangs on our efforts.The school of éducation in a large urban university is ina stratégie position to rally the forces neçessary to overcomethe conditions which block slum dwellers and otherwise disadvantaged persons from éducation — and conséquent^from full participation in American society. In order to play12weli its rôle in meeting this and other challenges to éducation, the school of éducation must become a center for thecollection, analysis, and dissémination of research relevantto the learning process and to the functioning of educationalinstitutions. To perform this function it must maintain effective communication with the research scholars who arestudying human behavior and society within the variousFrancis S. Chasedepartments and schools of its own university, in other universities at home and abroad, and in research agencies out-side of universities. Many able scholars from the humanitiesand from biological and social sciences now recognize thatéducation offers a fruitful field for use of their researchméthodologies in the study of problems of their own choos-ing. This trend will be accentuated as fédéral and privatefoundation funds flow in increasing amounts into researchon mental retardation, cultural deprivation, creativity, andlearning capacity. The urban school of éducation must relate itself to this development as producer of significant research and as consumer of new knowledge in its programsof professional éducation. It must also take upon itself aprime responsibility for helping educational practitionersunderstand how to apply the new knowledge to curriculumand instruction, and serve as a channel through which theeffects revealed by practice are fed back to those engagedm research.H the urban university is to make its efforts count in the rédemption of the city through éducation, it cannot escapethe additional responsibilities for contributing to and making available new knowledge about éducation and for preparing qualified teachers, well versed in the new knowledgewhich accelerating research is producing. Teachers mustdevelop skill and understanding in dealing with those whoseabilities hâve been blunted or motivation weakened by un-favorable environments. Teacher éducation must includeclinical and laboratory expériences in dealing with culturaldeprivation as well as practice in slum schools.Changes in school organization, scheduling, grouping oflearners, and new techniques of instruction pose anotherproblem for teacher éducation. If teachers are to employthe new procédures, devices, and materials for the achieve-ment of valid educational objectives, they must acquireunderstanding of the possibilities and limitations inhérentin the technologies and develop some skill in their use.Hère again we are faced with the necessity of adding newdimensions to our programs for teacher éducation.The lifting of our entire population to the level of functioning requisite to effective participation in modem societyis a task of great magnitude; and the burden of achieving itfalls heavily on the schools and other educational agenciesin our cities. The goals of éducation include not only afunctional command of the arts of communication andquantitative thinking, but also such éléments as: a deepidentification with mankind's past hopes and fears, achieve-ments and failures, triumphs and tragédies; a considérableunderstanding of the basic concepts of the sciences, andthe modes of inquiry through which new knowledge is dis-covered and older concepts reformulated; enough grasp ofmodem technology to permit a sensé of human control overthe machines and techniques which are so rapidly changingthe human environment; and development of a sensé ofindividual autonomy in a supportive society which valuesand uses the contributions of the individual.We are in the early stages of a continuing reconstructionof the educational enterprise from infant centers andnursery schools through graduate, professional, and adultéducation. Crucial aspects of the reappraisal and reconstruction must be worked out in our large cities where thechallenges to éducation are most acute; and the leadershipof urban universities is essential to a successful meeting ofthèse challenges. D13The 1966 Alumni FundX il ew high goals hâve been set for the 1966 AlumniFund to help meet current, ongoing expenses of the University during the $160,000,000 campaign for Chicago.According to Errett Van Nice, '3 1 , the 1966 Alumni FundChairman, increases in levels of giving, as well as in thepercentage of participation, are expected in the drive to beconducted this spring. "The Alumni Fund is a primarysource of unrestricted money that provides the criticalmargins in the University budget that go to maintain excellence in teaching and research," Van Nice said. To meetthèse needs, a campaign goal of $400,000 has been set forthis year.In advance of the gênerai campaign, a spécial gifts appealhas been under way since November in the Chicago areaunder the direction of Spécial Gifts Chairman William H.Garvey, Jr., '30. As a resuit of thèse efforts, and the year-end letter which was sent to ail alumni, more than $190,000is already on hand from over 2,900 donors. This representsan increase of 50 percent in both dollars and donors overthe comparable period a year ago. "Success for the overall1 966 drive is assured if this pace can be maintained throughthe close of the campaign in June," Van Nice said.To assist in the campaign planning, an Alumni FundCampaign Committee has been formed, with spécial effortsbeing made to recruit the best in Fund leadership aroundthe country, and to increase the level of personal solicitationamong alumni. Members of this committee are: Errett VanNice, '31, Chairman; Ferd Kramer, '22, Chairman, Présidente Fund; William H. Garvey, Jr., '30, Chairman, SpécialGifts; Cari S. Stanley, '40, Chairman, National Recruit-ment; Ellmore C. Patterson, '35, Chairman, Eastern Area;John G. Neukom, '34, Chairman, Western Area; CharlesF. Cutter, '29, Chairman, Greater Chicago; Arthur R.Cahill, '31, Chairman, Western Suburbs; Dean B.Phemister, '36, Chairman, North Suburbs; and John E.Thompson, '44, MBA '46, Chairman, South Suburbs.With the help of the National Recruitment Committee,campaign organizations are being formed in cities withtwenty-five or more alumni. Currently, chairmen are beingrecruited in the twenty-five major alumni areas. The follow-ing cities already hâve been organized: Raymond H. Lapin,At right: Errett Van Nice, 31 (left), chairman of the AlumniFund, with Ferd Kramer, '22, chairman of the Présidents Fund.14MBA '53, San Francisco, and Dwight M. Cochran, '29,San Francisco President's Fund; Ellmore C. Patterson, '35,New York City, and Milton A. Gordon, '29, JD'31, NewYork Spécial Gifts; Burton B. Moyer, Jr., '39, Washington,p. C.; Edward G. Jones, '59, Baltimore; William M.Kincheloe, '31, Détroit; Kenneth F. MacLellan, Jr., '42,MBA'58, St. Paul; and Joseph J. Gibbons, '30, Pittsburgh.Burton Duffie, '31, AM'34, will again be in charge of thespécial Education Committee, soliciting for alumni donations among graduâtes in the teaching profession.The President's FundThe President's Fund enters its second year under theleadership of Ferd Kramer, a University Trustée andAlumni Fund Chairman for the past two years. Establishedto provide an additional means of support for PrésidentBeadle and the faculty, the President's Fund solicits giftsof $1,000 or more from both alumni and non-alumni, inaddition to other existing support they may already begiving to the University.In 1965, the President's Fund received gifts of $86,151from 76 members. This year Mr. Kramer hopes to bringthe President's Fund to a membership of 200 or more.Curreiitly, he is recruiting members of his committee toassist in the 1966 President's Fund campaign. fj William H. Garvey, Jr. Arthur R. CahillJohn G. Neukom LeRoy D. OwenEllmore C. Patterson Dean B. PhemisterCharles F. Cutter Burton Duffie Cari S. Stanley John E. Thompson15Students on the AirTM. wenty years ago last December, the student-operatedradio station, WUCB, transmitted its first signal from acloset studio in the basement of a dormitory in Burton-Judson Court. It was then called Radio Midway, and B-Jrésidents were its only audience. Mr. and Mrs. EugèneChimene, the parents of one of its founders, donated $ 1 ,000for equipment. Other gifts followed, and soon the station'svoice was loud enough to command an annual administration appropriation. In 1952 it added the old C-Groupdormitories to its audience and began its now famousbroadcast "Marathons." Two years later it began publishingits program schedule in Forecast, a student union bulletinof campus activities, and daily news reports were added toDave Ross at the microphone,with Todd Capp looking on. its format. In 1955 it announced a seven-day-a-weekschedule and began its coverage of live performance s witha broadcast of the "St. Matthew Passion" from RockefellerChapel. And finally, in 1960, the station completed its moveto the old NBC studios in Mitchell Tower. Today it broad-casts on its 640 AM frequency to ail major Universityrésidence halls.More important than its history, however, are WUCB'splans for the future. It is about to enter a new era — broad-casting on Chicago's FM band. Its members voted in 1960to apply for a limited distance FM transmitting license.Dean of Students Warner Wick recently approved a revisedstation constitution providing for the change, and an application to the FCC for a construction permit is beingprepared. According to WUCB business manager TimJanes, "With FM we will act more as a community station,broadcasting to the entire neighborhood, and will thusbecome a more balanced and better station in gênerai."Station manager Todd Capp adds that adhérence to theFCC régulations would assure high qualiay and wouldgreatly increase technical compétence. Although the changewill not be effective until the autumn quarter of next year,the WUCB staff is already making plans for a grand open-ing, featuring a spécial reading of Shaw's Pygmalion by agroup of student actors.Currently WUCB has 43 members, the largest staff in itshistory. "It is quite an accomplishment," Capp says, "tocorne up with 43 electronics enthusiasts at a Universitywhere there is no engineering school. But WUCB is notjust a bunch of guys for whom radio has a mystical appeal.The aim of the station is not to provide equipment for theamusement and instruction of its members, but to make areal attempt to serve the University community." Becauseit is heard only in the dorms at présent, the station's pro-gramming philosophy is formulated with students in mind.But Capp wants to do more: "We want to be exciting andvital. Whenever anything important happens on campus itis our intention to be there and bring it live to our listeners.We want the University community to dépend on us to dothis. There is a lot going on that the Maroon doesn't cover,and radio is a more effective médium for capturing thedrama and excitement of confrontations between opposw?points of view."At présent, the station's programming is as diversified asWUCB' s executive board (from left) Chuck Metalitz, program director; Dave Ross, chief engineer; Kim Kaiser, production manager; Todd Capp, station manager; George Ratkowski, chief announcer, and Tim Janes, business manager.its facilities permit. A balanced offering of serious musicincludes broadcasts, each week, of a full-length opéra andthree complète concerts. Ail species of jazz are discussedand played. A program called "The Nitty Gritty" présentsrhythm and blues, and "The Saturday Party" is only one ofthree weekly doses of "Instant Weekend"— a WUCB recipeof rock, roll, and folk. In addition to its extensive musicProgramming, the station présents several public featuresdealing with such things as "Student Government Report,""Alderman Despres Reports," "The View from the Left"(interviews with "controversial figures"), and reviews ofcurrent plays and films.WUCB broadcasts daily from 6 : 00 PM until midnight forline weeks of each académie quarter. Occasionally it pre-Wpts its regular programming to présent spécial s such as its anniversary show, which included the University Theater'sproduction of Ionesco's Jack, Bach's Mass in B Minor, anda talk entitled "The Character of the University" by Professor of English Edward W. Rosenheim, Jr. A spécialfeature of WUCB is its annual Marathon, presented in orderto raise money for a variety of causes, ranging from theMarch of Dimes to the improvement of the station's ownrecord library. Manager Capp believes that in the collègeradio field, his station's programming is second in the nationonly to KCR at Columbia. WUCB has already initiated atape-exchange program with other stations, and future plansinclude joining the Intercollegiate Broadcasting System."Our constant goal," says Capp, "is to enable the station torun itself. But it never does, because we keep thinking ofnew and better things to do." D17Quadranoie NewsGift to First Lady-Keith C. Seele, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at theUniversity's Oriental Institute, presentedan ancient Nubian pot to Mrs. LyndonB. Johnson at the White House, January20, 1966. The présentation was part of adrive to raise funds to save the Templeof Abu Simbel, which will soon beflooded by the rising waters of the Nilebehind the Aswan Dam. The drive isbeing conducted by the American Committee to Préserve Abu Simbel, 209 East56th Street, New York City. Preservingthe 3,200-year-old temple has beencalled the greatest salvage job in history.It calls for dislodging 5,000,000 cubicfeet of sandstone containing 65-foot highstatues, then raising them 225 feet abovetheir présent level. The American Committee to Préserve Abu Simbel, headedby Huntington Hartford, hopes to raisean estimated $3,500,000 to purchase theneçessary machinery and to pay the for-eign engineers and workers required tocomplète the task.Mr. Seele is director of the OrientalInstitute's Aswan Dam excavation program, which, since 1960, has conductedseveral expéditions in the Nubian désertto save objects which would otherwise belost to the rising waters. Thèse expéditions hâve resulted in significant finds inancient cemeteries south of Abu Simbel.Fifty packing cases full of old pots, jew-elry, cooking utensils, and other itemsdating back as far as 5,000 years arestored at the Oriental Institute. The Institute's salvage drive has no direct connection with the Abu Simbel project.But the Egyptian and early Christiancemeteries, churches, forts, and villagesexplored by Seele's expéditions are justsouth of the temple and will also be in-undated. The pottery found in the Nubian désert is among the best survivingfrom the ancient world, according toSeele. The amphora, or pot, presented toMrs. Johnson was found on March 16,1963, at Qustul, Nubia. It probably wasplaced in the grave of a man namedAmonit Agoraus as a final offering fromhis family; it dates from around 250 A.D. Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson accepts an ancient Nubian vase from Keith G. Seele.Divinity School Conférences— The second of nine conférences marking the centennial of the University's DivinitySchool was held January 27-29, 1966.The conférence dealt with "Religion andPersonality," one of the seven fields ofspecialization at the School. Two publiclectures were presented: Dr. Rollo May,of the William Alanson White Instituteof Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and Psy-chology, New York City, spoke on"Intentionality and the Unconscious Déterminants of Knowing." And SewardHiltner, Professor of Theology and Personality at the Princeton TheologicalSeminary, spoke on "The Impact ofTherapeutic Psychology on TheologicalEducation: Review and Prospects." Inaddition, several alumni of the DivinitySchool prepared papers which served asfocuses of discussion for the conférenceparticipants.Jerald C. Brauer, Dean of the DivinitySchool and Professor of Church History, said, "It is our intent to mark ourcentennial in ways particularly appro-priate to our history, nature, past contributions, présent situation, and futureopportunities." Seven of the nine conférences take as their thème the Divinity School's fields of specialization. Inaddition to religion and personality,thèse include theology, ethics and society, Bible, church history, theology andliterature, and history of religions. Thetwo remaining conférences will reflectthe School's concern for higher éducation and for the ministry of the Christian churches. Critical papers and essayspresented at the seven field conférenceswill be prepared for publication. DeanBrauer said, "Thèse publications willpermit the theological world to share the insights, concerns, and contributions ofour faculty and alumni. They will con-tinue the primary emphasis that hasmarked the Divinity School over the pastcentury— the concern for theologicalscholarship."New Trustées— Five new members hâvebeen elected to the University's Board ofTrustées:Dwight M. Cochran, '27, is the président and chief executive officer of theKern County Land Company in SanFrancisco. He was associated from 1927to 1930 with White Weld & Co., an in-vestment brokerage firm. From 1931 to1938, he was associate sales manager ofthe Kroger Company in Cincinnati, andfrom 1938 to 1943, he was director ofEastern sales for the Joseph SchlitzBrewing Co. of Milwaukee. His nextassociation was with Safeway Stores, Inc.Dwight M. CochranHe was appointed vice président in 1951and a director in 1952. Mr. Cochran isa member of the Coûncil on the Gradu-ate School of Business of the University.He is also a member of the boards of di-rectors of the United California Bank,Fireman's Fund Insurance Co., J. I. CaseCo. (a farm machinery and equipmentfirm), the Lockheed Aircraft Corp.,Montgomery Ward & Co., the California Chamber of Commerce, and theWalker Manufacturing Co. and the Wat-kins-Johnson Co., both subsidiaries ofthe Kern County Land Co. He lives inHillsborough, Calif.Andrew Heiskell is chairman of theboard of Time, Incorporated, in NewYork City. He was educated in Germany,Switzerland, and at the University ofParis. He attended the Harvard Business School from 1935 to 1936, then18,vork- f°r a year as a reporter with theKjew York Herald-Tribune. He joinedrjfe magazine in 1937 as science andjjiedicine editor. In 1939 he was ap-pointed assistant gênerai manager of Lifeand in 1940, was assigned to the maga-zine's Paris Bureau. When Paris fell totne Germans, he returned to the UnitedStates to become gênerai manager of0e, and he became its publisher in1946, and a vice-président of Time, Inc.,in 1949. Mr. Heiskell is chairman of theexecutive committee of ACTION, Inc.,a niember of the executive committee ofthe Inter-American Press Association,and a director of the Council for LatinAmerica, the Atlantic Council, the Inter-American Foundation of the Arts, andAndrew Heiskellthe Actors Studio. He is on the boards oftrustées of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and Bennington (Vt.) Collège,and a member of the visiting committeeof the Joint Center for Urban Studies ofMassachusetts Institute of Technologyand larvard University. He lives inDarien, Conn.Lyle M. Spencer is président of ScienceResearch Associates, Inc. of Chicago.He received his AB in 1933 and his AMin 1935 from the University of Washington. He served as an instructor insociology at the University of Washington from 1934 to 1935, then became aFellow in sociology at The University ofChicago from 1935 to 1938. In 1938 hewas a co-founder of SRA. He served inthe Army during World War II, receivingthe Légion of Merit and the Bronze Star.At the end of the war, he held the rank"f lieutenant colonel. Mr. Spencer is amember of the Citizens Board of TheUniversity of Chicago and the University's Alumni Fund Board of Directors.He is chairman of the board of trustées°f Roosevelt University in Chicago anda trustée, also, of Lawrence University,Appleton, Wis., the Menninger Foundation, the Midwest Research Institute, theCenter for the Study of Démocratie Institutions, and the National Scholarship Lyle M. SpencerService and Fund for Negro Students.He is governing member of the Libraryof International Relations, and a member of the American and Illinois Psy-chological Associations, the AmericanStatistical Association, the AmericanSociological Society, and the New YorkAcademy of Sciences. He was recentlyrecruited for the Business LeadershipAdvisory Council of Président Johnson'stask force in the War on Poverty. Helives in Chicago.Sydney Stein, Jr., '23, is a senior partner in the investment counseling firm ofStein, Roe & Farnham in Chicago. Heserved with A. G. Becker & Co., an investment banking firm, from 1923 to1932, then co-founded Sydney Stein, Jr.and Associates (now Stein, Roe & Farnham) in 1932. From 1941 to 1945, Mr.Stein worked on administrative and or-ganizational problems of war supply andinternational relations for the FédéralBureau of the Budget in Washington.Since 1961 he has served as a consultantto the Président of the United States andto the FBB on the structure and opérations of the government. He was a member of the Randall Advisory Panel onFédéral Pay Systems from 1961 to 1963,a member of the President's SpécialPanel on Fédéral Salaries in 1965, anda member of the President's AdvisoryCommittee on Private Enterprise in Foreign Aid in 1964 and 1965. Mr. Steinis a member of the Visiting Committeeon the Collège of The University of Chicago, and a trustée of the Brookings Institution, Washington, D. G, and TheFoundation Library Center, New YorkCity. His other memberships include:The Board of Visitors of the GraduateSchool of Public and International Af-fairs at the University of Pittsburgh; theMidwest Advisory Committee of the Institute for International Education; theAmerican Society for Public Administration; the Committee for the Improve-ment of Management in Government ofthe Committee for Economie Development; the American Academy of Politi-cal and Social Sciences; and the American Political Science Association. Helives in Winnetka, 111.Joseph S. Wright is président and chiefexecutive officer of the Zenith RadioCorp. in Chicago. He attended the University of Redlands (Calif.), NorthernMontana Collège, and George Washington Law School, where he received hisLLB in 1937. From 1936 to 1952, hewas an attorney with the Fédéral TradeCommission. He served variously as spécial légal assistant to the chairman, assistant gênerai counsel, and chief of theCommission's compliance division. During World War II he was a lieutenantSydney Stein, Jr. Joseph S. Wrightcommander in the Navy. Mr. Wrightjoined Zenith as assistant gênerai counselin 1952. He was promoted to gêneraicounsel in 1953, was elected to the boardof directors in 1954, to the vice presi-dency in 1955, and to the executive vicepresidency in 1958. In 1959 he becameprésident and gênerai manager, and in1964, chief executive officer. He is amember of the Board of Governors ofChicago's Henrotin Hospital; the Boardof Directors of the Continental IllinoisNational Bank and Trust Co.; the Boardof Trustées of Chicago's WTTW (Chan-nel 1 1 ) ; and the National Industrial Conférence Board, New York City. He livesin Kenilworth, 111.19Faculty and Staff Notes— Donald F.Bond, Professor Emeritus of English,recently published (with the ClarendonPress of Oxford University) the définitive critical édition of the Spectator es-says on which he has worked for twentyyears. His five-volume work ranks as oneof the most important achievements ofcontemporary literary scholarship. TheSpectator was a popular London dailypublished between March, 1711, andDecember, 1712. Its essays were writtenby Joseph Addison (1672-1719) and SirRichard Steele (1672-1729), but therehas always been some doubt about whichof the two men wrote particular pièces.In providing an authoritative text, Mr.Bond has solved, at least partially, someof the puzzles which hâve long baffledscholars of 1 8th Century English litera-ture. While studying the original printedsheets, he noted certain typographicalvariations which led him to the discoverythat the Spectator was published alter-nately by two différent printing firms.Advertisements provided a major clue.They appeared in two distinct forms inalternate issues of the daily. One adver-tisement for a "famous elixir" is set initalic type in one séries of the Spectatorand carries the same misprint through 24widely spaced issues. In another séries,the ad is set in roman type and carriesno misprint. By comparing the twoséries, Mr. Bond was able to establishthat one printing house nearly alwayshandled the work of Addison, the otherordinarily did that of Steele. Carefulreading of the ads led him to the discovery of the probable authorship ofcertain of the disputed essays.Joseph E. Conrad, formerly director ofalumni activities at Northwestern University, has been appointed Director ofAnnual Development Programs at theUniversity. Richard F. O'Brien, VicePrésident for Planning and Development, said that Mr. Conrad would beresponsible for the ongoing developmentprograms which are the foundation ofthe University's three-year campaign toraise $160,000,000. Mr. Conrad hasspent 1 3 years in the fields of fund rais-ing and alumni relations.Vance Johnson, formerly an executivewith Field Enterprises, Inc., has beenappointed Associate Director of Development at the University. From 1959 to1965, Mr. Johnson was a member of themanagement board and executive committee of the Field Enterprises' News-paper Division. He served as director ofpromotion for both the Chicago Sun-Times and the Chicago Daily News. Mr.Johnson started his career as a news- paperman in Washington for the oldChicago Sun, and later as bureau chief ofthe San Francisco Chronicle. From 1954to 1957 he was successively assistant tothe président, editorial director, and vicepresident-general manager of the Cro-well-Collier Publishing Co.5port5hort5Swimming— The swimming team extend-ed its winning streak to five meets beforebeing beaten, January 25, by Beloit(Wis.) Collège, 56-36. On January 7,they defeated Elgin (111.) CommunityCollège 59-36. Chicago won six events,including both medley relays. MichaelKoch-Weser, a second-year student fromChicago, won the 200-yard butterfly, andNicholas Kovacs, a second-year studentfrom Joliet, 111., won the 200-yardbreaststroke. In a return meet, January1 9, the Maroons edged George WilliamsCollège, 48-47. Chris Flory, a fourth-year student from New York City, andCharles Calef, a second-year studentfrom Chicago, won two events each.Gymnastics— Chicago's gymnastics teamthis year is composed chiefly of inex-perienced freshmen. In their first compétitive meet, January 15, at theUniversity of Illinois at Navy Pier, theywere defeated 140.05 to 57.5 by UI and84.55 to 57.5 by Wheaton Collège.Jim Curran (#10) fighting for a reboundin the game with Central Collège of lowa. Basketball— On January 15, the \uroons staged another of its patente^second-half comebacks to defeat Déni.son University 62-52 at the Universityof Chicago Field House. Gary Day andBill Pearson, both second-year studentsled the scoring with 15 and 17 pointsrespectively. On January 22, the team'rolled up its largest point total of theseason, beating Central Collège of lowa81-55. Ahead 36-30, the Maroons scoredeight straight points at the start of thesecond half and put the game out ofreach. On January 25, Kalamazoo Collège got off to a quick 9-0 lead andseemed headed for an easy victory. Butagain the Maroons fought back in thesecond half to overcome the déficit andwin, 54-49. At Tulane University inNew Orléans on January 29, Chicagonearly did it again. Behind 33-19 at thehalf, the team managed to reduce themargin to 5 points with seven minutes togo. But the momentum was broken a fewminutes later when three Maroon starters fouled out. Tulane went on to win63-51, thus snapping Chicago's five-gamewinning streak. Coach Stampf attributedthe defeat to Tulane's superior heightadvantage and to his team's below aver-age shooting performance. The Maroonshad made 40 per cent of their shotsthrough their first eight games, butagainst Tulane they slipped to 27 percent. Coach Stampf is pleased, neverthe-less, with his well-balanced team. He saidthat in every game so far, a différentplayer has been high scorer. Currently,Dennis Waldon, a first-year student fromCicero, 111., leads the team offensively.And on défense, the Maroons are num-ber one in the NCAA Collège Division,according to statistics published January31.Fencing— Maroon fencers opened theircompétitive season on January 15, attheUniversity of Illinois Chicago CircleCampus. In the foil division, Steve Eis-inger, a third-year student from Lafay-ette, Ind., won three bouts, MikeMcLean, a first-year student from Chicago, won two, and Paul Schollmeier, afirst-year student from Gettysburg, S. D.,won one. But Chicago lost points in thesabre and epee events and lost the match,15-12.Wrestling— Chicago wrestlers, in theirsecond tourney of the season, finishedsecond January 8 in a quadrangular meetsponsored by Carthage Collège, Ke-nosha, Wis. Carthage won the most with107 points. Gène McGrady, a first-yearstudent from Chicago, won an individualchampionship in the 1 1 5 lb. weight class.20'etnàChicagoThe 75th Anniversary Alumni Conférence on the Collège was held at theCenter for Continuing Education, January 28-30, bringing 60 alumni fromacross the country to discuss the valueof their undergraduate éducation. En-titled "What Knowledge is Most WorthHaving?", the conférence was a préludeto a week-long séries of discussions onthe Collège, involving alumni, faculty,and students. Wayne Booth, Dean of theCollège, and twelve faculty membersjoined with the alumni for their conférence. Dean Booth thanked participatingalumni for their stimulating contributions to the dialogue on the reorganiza-tion of the Collège which will be insti-tuted in autumn. A full report of thealumni conférence will appear in thefollowing issue of the Magazine.On March 11, at the Art Institute ofChicago, the Alumni Committee for the75th Anniversary presented a "Medi-terranean Supper" and a private showing,for Chicago area alumni, of the Institute' new exhibit, The Matisse Rétrospective. Paul B. Moses, Professor ofArt at the University, discussed the exhibit prior to the tour. His lecture wasentitled "The Hedonism of Matisse."The exhibit, the first complète survey ofthe artist's work since his death, included90 oils, most of the 67 bronzes, and acomprehensive group of drawings andgraphies.ClevelandNorval Morris, the Julius Kreeger Professer of Law and Criminology, andDirector of the Center for Studies inCriminal Justice, was guest speaker ata dinner meeting for Cleveland areaalumni, January 27, held at the HigbeeCompany. Spécial guests included dis-tinguished members of the local benchand bar and directors of Cleveland areajuvénile agencies and corrective schools.Professor Morris spoke on "The Prévention and Treatment of Delinquency andCrime." Chairman of the event was MissRosemary Locke. Philadelphia: Professor of Art John Rewald (second from left) chatting with Richard A.Davis, '58, Mary Hammel Davis, '41, and Harold S. Laden, '27. Mr. Rewald spoke toPhiladelphia alumni at a dinner meeting, January 17, on "Forgeries in Modem Art!'COMING EVENTSTulsa: March 16Novelist Richard G. Stem, Professorof English and in the Committee onGeneral Studies in the Humanities, willaddress Tulsa area alumni on a subjectto be announced. The program is beingpresented in coopération with theFriends of the Library, as part of theTulsa Festival of the Arts. Dinner at6:00 p.m. in the Teak Room of theTulsa Club, 115 E. 5th St.; speech at8:15 p.m. in the Alfred E. AaronsonAuditorium of the new Tulsa Public Library, 400 Civic Center. Students andfaculty of Tulsa University are also in-vited. Chairman: Gerald Westby, 2515E. 28th St., tel: NA 7-3330.Pittsburgh: March 17Philip Hauser, Professor of Sociologyand Director of the University's Population and Research Training Center, willaddress Pittsburgh area alumni on "Urban Renewal." The Reunion Room ofthe University Club, 123 UniversityPlace, Oakland, Pittsburgh, Pa. Cocktails, 6:15 p.m.; dinner, 7:15 p.m.; talk,8:15 p.m. Co-chairmen: William R. Ni-block, Mrs. William J. McKee, JosephJ. Gibbons, Réservations: Mrs. RichardE. Wendt, Jr., 348 Maple Ave., Pittsburgh, tel: 242-2143. St. Louis: March 23Harry Kalven, Jr., Professor of Law,will speak to St. Louis area alumni on"Literature, Lenny Bruce, and Obscen-ity": the private dining room on the17th floor of the Queeny Towers, 4989Barnes Hospital Plaza. Cocktails, 6:00p.m.; dinner, 7:00 p.m.; speech, 8:00p.m. Chairman: J. Léonard Schermer,Suite 1955, Railway Exchange Building,61 1 Olive St., St. Louis, tel: CH 1-2140.Indianapolis: April 24The Alumni Club of Indianapolis, injoint sponsorship with the Open Forumof the Jewish Community Center Association, présents a lecture by MorrisJanowitz, Professor of Sociology andDirector of the Center for Social Organization Studies. A dinner for alumniwill précède the lecture, time and placeto be announced. Lecture at 8:00 p.m.in the auditorium of the Jewish Community Center, 6701 Hoover Rd., Indianapolis. Arrangements: Mr. and Mrs.Jordan H. Leibman, 6808 N. ShermanDrive, Indianapolis, tel: 253-3728.For information on coming events, orfor assistance in planning an event inyour community with a guest speakerfrom the University, contact Mrs. JeanHaskin, Program Director, The University of Chicago A lumni A ssociation, 5733S. University Ave., Chicago, III. 60637,MI 3-0800 ext. 3241.21'ProfilesADELE E. U. EDISEN"I hâve found that the young adolescent is an intense explorer— he wants toknow everything, do everything, seeeverything, and think about everything.Perhaps we should remain adolescentsail our lives." Adèle E. U. Edisen wasdiscussing one of her many activities:the volunteer work she has been doingwith gifted Negro high school studentsin her home town of New Orléans. Shestarted the tutorial project with manyréservations about her ability to workwith such young students. Now it is sosuccessful that she has been recruitingother University alumni in New Orléansto help her. She has been instrumental ingathering a group of educators, sociol-ogists, mathematicians, scientists, andcivic leaders to consider a proposai toexpand the project under the provisionsof the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. "It is tremendouslyinteresting and rewarding work," shesays; "the students hâve ail demonstrated an ability to function on a high intel-lectual level. We hâve just completed discussions of C. P. Snow's The Two Cultures and a séries of Platonic dialogues,including the Apology, the Crito, and thePhaedo. We hâve started reading Einstein and Infeld's The Evolution ofPhysics, and we plan other readings inmathematics, science, and éducation. Wehâve toured art muséums, viewed filmssuch as "World Without Sun," and begunseveral art projects with the help of localwriters, artists, and architects. The en-thusiastic response of the students, theirparents, and of other members of thecommunity has been most gratifying. Ishould mention, also, that JosephSchwab, Professor of Education at TheUniversity of Chicago, has given meinvaluable advice and encouragementfrom the start."Teaching science and mathematics tounderprivileged children would be a full-time job for most people. But for Mrs.Edisen it is only one of several interests.She has resumed full-time professionalactivities as a neurophysiologist and iscurrently initiating a research project onthe mechanism of synaptic inhibition inthe central nervous System. She has heldpositions as a Post-Doctoral Fellow ofThe National Institute of NeurologicalDiseases and Blindness at Tulane University; as lecturer, instructor, then asresearch associate in Tulane's Department of Psychiatry and Neurology; andas teaching assistant and research fellowin the Department of Physiology atLouisiana State University. She is amember of several professional societiesand has contributed articles on herspecialty to scientific journals. She says:"My latest research findings hâve appeared only in abstract form so far,but they hâve led to many furthertheoretical considérations and to plansfor additional expérimental work. I amquite convinced that the eventual dis-covery of the mechanism of directsynaptic inhibition will be the pivotaicondition for solving the more significantproblem of how subjective, conscious states and thoughts are produced in thehuman brain."Mrs. Edisen's community interestsalso hâve been extensive. During the lastyear she worked on Governor John J.McKeithen's Commission on the Statusof Women, and submitted a spécial report on women in science and medicinein Louisiana, along with several recom-mendations for improving éducation forwomen. She is a past member of theboard of the Ladies' Auxiliary to theNew Orléans Parish Médical Society;a charter member of the New Orléanschapter of the American Association ofUniversity Women; a member of theLeague of Women Voters; and a member of the South Louisiana DémocratieWomen's Club. She is interested in thework of the Center for the Study ofDémocratie Institutions, whose présidentis Dr. Robert Hutchins."With an actively practicing psychiatristfor a husband (Clayton B. Edisen, '49,MD'53) and three children in constantmotion, I am kept very busy, quite apartfrom any professional or community in-volvements. However, I do hâve somehobbies which I pursue, either intensivelyor scarcely at ail : painting and sculptureare favorites for which I never hâveenough time; politics is a more seriousinterest; mathematics could be termeda hobby— I am teaching it to our children.And I enjoy sports very much, especiallycycling, swimming, and boating."Mrs. Edisen received her Bachelor's de-gree from The University of Chicago in1950, and went on to take her PhD inphysiology in 1954. She has many fondmemories of the University and of themen like Enrico Fermi, Robert Thorn-ton, Ralph W. Gérard, Julian Tobias,and Anton J. Carlson, with whom shestudied. She says: "I will never forgetDr. Carlson, the most highly respectedphysiologist in the United States, withan international réputation, beginningeach of his lectures with the familiar'Fellow Students.' Somehow this hasalways seemed to me typical — if notsym-bolic-of The University of Chicago."22DONALD LEVINEDonald Levine, Master of the Collegi-ate Division of Social Sciences, says thatthe new Collège will "promote a climatewhich will attract the most excitingteachers and the most enthusiastic students into an imaginative and cohérenteducational program. Students who hâvean intense and gratifying expérienceeducating themselves in collège willcontinue to educate themselves through-out their lives. Yet, I see our task to beone, not only of educating students, butalso of providing a home in the University for kinds of intellectual explorationwhich may 'not be going on— or not go-ing on so well— in one or another départaient at the graduate level. Thereare ïiings to be done in our Collègewhien are simply not being done any-where else."In 1950, he received his AB from theCollège with gênerai honors and withhonors in history. After graduation hewent to Germany, as the first Frankfurt-Chicago Exchange Student, where hedid research (in Berlin) on the youth ofthe Soviet Zone, and cultivated an interest in the sociology and philosophyof Georg Simmel. (Levine is currentlypreparing an anthology of Simmel'swritings for The University of ChicagoPress.) He returned to the University,earned his PhD in 1957, and receiveda Ford Foundation research fellowship.From 1958 to 1 960, he was in Ethiopia,where, in the final year, he lectured atthe University Collège of Addis Ababa.Through a student friend he had met inChicago, he became friendly with twoleaders of the abortive December, 1960,rébellion against the Emperor. In a pre-carious position because of his "circum-stantîal association" with the revolt, he applied for advice and aid from theAmerican Consulate and was, with hisfamily, rushed out of the country. "I feltthe press wasn't accurately representingthe situation, and I wrote an article forAfrica Today which expressed a gooddeal of sympathy with the point of viewof the rebels." In April, 1962, when hewas returning to Ethiopia under a con-tract with the newly established HaileSelassie I University, he was informed inRome that the Emperor had changed hismind about the teaching contract, andLevine was denied a visa.He returned to Chicago to complètehis book, Wax and Gold: Tradition andInnovation in Ethiopian Culture, published last year by The University ofChicago Press. Appointed Assistant Professor (now Associate Professor) ofSociology and Social Sciences at theUniversity, he soon became absorbed inundergraduate teaching, and took onthe chairmanship of the second-yeargênerai éducation course in the socialsciences. He says, "Thus established atChicago, after years of hectic travels,political turmoil, and feverish writing, Ilooked forward to a period of relaxationand enjoyment of the much-touted 'lei-sure of the theory class.' At the end ofthe last year I got ail my articles out,sat in my office, and breathed a sigh ofrelief. I was set to read, to teach SocialSciences II as I had never taught before,and to begin thinking about a comparative study of Ethiopia, Iran, and Thai-land. Then I got a call from Dean Booth,inviting me to be Master of the Collegi-ate Division of Social Sciences. I wasreluctant to part with my long-awaitedleisure, but one doesn't often hâve anopportunity in one's lifetime to helpcreate a new institution. Besides, I felt aloyalty to the University. I was impressedby what Provost Levi had done in tryingto reconstruct the Collège. And I knewthat I would enjoy working with Boothand the other Masters— men who couldbe counted on to do justice to the traditions and the promise of the Collège."23Alumni News 97Winifred E. Garrison, BD'97, PhD'97,is retired professor of philosophy at theUniversity of Houston and of churchhistory at the University of Chicago.He was honored in the October 10,1965, issue of The Christian, the international weekly of the Disciples ofChrist. On October 1, 1965, Mr. Garrison celebrated his 91 st birthday, his 65thwedding anniversary, and the 68th anniversary of the awarding of his PhD.07Florence R. Scott, '07, has recentlycompleted for publication a history ofsixty years of "Town and Gown," agroup of philanthropie women who con-centrate on raising money for scholarship funds. Miss Scott's teaching careerhas spanned forty years. For the lasttwenty-seven, she has taught English lit-erature and history at the University ofSouthern California.08Norman Barker, '08, has been electedsenior vice président and assistant to theprésident of the United California Bankin Los Angeles.12Ludwig A. Emge, '12, MD'15, was recently honored by the Children's Hos-pital in San Francisco for his 50 yearsof devoted practice there. A new médicallibrary will be named for Dr. Emge, whois a former chairman of the departmentof obstetrics and gynecology at theStanford University School of Medicine.19 ~Hazel Davis, '19, AM'36, has workedfor the National Education Associationsince 1 926. Presently, she is director ofits Research Division.20 ~John Toigo, '20, has been named executive vice président for planning anddevelopment of the Pepsi-Cola Co. Oneof his triumphs was changing the nameof Patio Diet Cola to Diet Pepsi. "Bycapitalizing on our famous trademark, Maurice Shapiro Rolland Sheaforwe doubled the product's sales," he says.Mr. Toigo started in advertising andmarketing in 1920 as a copywriter forthe John H. Dunham Co. Since then hehas been with about a dozen top agencies, including what is now McCann-Erickson. His wife is an alumna (MarionWilson, '18).36Maurice M. Shapiro, '36, SM'40, PhD'42, nuclear physicist and space scientistfor the U. S. Naval Research Laboratory,has been elected président of the Philo-sophical Society of Washington, theoldest scientific association in the na-tion's capital. Mr. Shapiro is head ofthe laboratory for cosmic ray researchat NRL. He served for twelve years assuperintendent of the Laboratory's Nu-cleonics Division.Henry F. Troyka, '36, has been appointed président of Barcalo Manufac-turing Corporation, a furniture companysubdivision of Mohasco Industries, Inc.37Rolland H. Sheafor, AM'37, vice président and secretary of the Board of Extension of Disciples of Christ, has beenelected président of the Disciples' Indianapolis agency. He is a prominant author-ity in the field of church capital financ-ing and holds several national posts withthe Christian Churches and the NationalCouncil of Churches.38Leila Anderson, AM'38, DB'40, retiredlast year from the Board for HomelandMinistries of the United Church of Christafter having served 32 years as a homemissionary. She was then sent by theChurch's Board for World Ministries fora three-year term in the Philippines. Sofar her work there has been "a combina-tion of visiting local churches and shar-ing in workshops to held church schoolteachers and others interested in ourwork."Marshall Melin, '38, holds the follow-ing positions concurrently: director andsenior investigator, Plasma Laboratory,Protein Foundation, Inc.; research asso- James Haynerciate in Pediatrics, Harvard University;research associate in Hematology, Department of Medicine, Children's Hos-pital Médical Center.Paul P. Pickering, '38, SM'39, MD41,of San Diego, Calif., was re-elected gênerai secretary of the American Society ofPlastic and Reconstructive Surgeons,Inc., at their récent meeting in Philadelphia.39 ~Martin Bronfenbrenner, PhD'39, professor of économies in the GraduateSchool of Industrial Administration atCarnegie Tech in Pittsburgh, has beenawarded a Senior Postdoctoral Fellow-ship to the Center for Advanced Studyin the Behavioral Sciences at StanfordUniversity. Mr. Bronfenbrenner was oneof the 95 teachers selected from a field of397 applicants who were evaluated bypanels of outstanding scientists appointedby the National Academy of Sciences.Most of his time will be spent working ona book on the économie theory of incomedistribution.James J. Hayner, '39, has been promotedto superintendent of the Structural Fin-ishing Department of U. S. Steel Corporation^ South Works plant in Chicago.Mr. Hayner's first job after graduationwas as a "practice apprentice," part of anearly version of South Works' management training program, and he has servedin a wide variety of management positions in the plant's structural steel de-partments. The Structural FinishingDepartment, now under his authority,handles hot-rolled steel from two high-speed structural mills. It conditions, in-spects, cuts to length, and ships the steelproducts, which are subsequently used inapplications ranging from building rail-road cars to constructing skyscrapers.Harold S. Levin, '39, MBA'40, has beenappointed vice président of Sheldon F,Good & Co., a real estate firm in ChicagoFor the past 1 9 years, Mr. Levin has beenactive in the sale of investment propertiesin the Hyde Park, Kenwood, and SouthShore area. His wife is an alumna, theformer Marion J. Sallo, '41, AM'43.24John Callahan Robert Denkewalter-~~ 40John F. Callahan, PhD'40, professor ofclassics and philosophy at GeorgetownUniversity, Washington, D.C., has beencited by Loyola University in Chicagofor distinguished contributions to classi-cal scholarships. The citation was givenas part of Loyola's 95th anniversary célébration to those of its alumni who hâverendered "distinguished service to University, Church, Community, or Profession and for exemplifying the ideals ofJesu éducation."Stanley Glickman, AM'40, has been appointed executive director of the QueensChild Guidance Center, a psychiatrieout-patient clinic for children in NewYork City.Joshua Jacobs, '40, has been promotedto manager of the group research anddevelopment department of the GeneralAmerican Life Insurance Company ofSt. Louis.41Mrs Francis Mclntyre, PhD'41, hasbéer .'-elected to the national board ofCan Fire Girls, Inc. Mrs. Mclntyre hasserved civic and youth organizations invarying capacities in New York City. Sheis a member of Manhattan UnitedChurch Women, and her interests include the American Association for theUnited Nations.42Edward J. Hermann, AM'42, is associ-ate professor of music at Louisiana StateUniversity. He served as state supervisorof music instruction and as coordinatorof the fine arts with the Louisiana StateDep, iment of Education before his appoint ment at LSU. 43Robert G. Denkewalter, PhD'43, viceprésident for Exploratory Research ofMerck, Sharp, & Dohme Research Laboratories, Rahway, N. J., was cited fordistinguished contributions to pharma-ceutical research on Loyola University'sftmnders' Day, October 29, 1965.^ 45Olive E. Westbrooke Quinn, AM'45, George TiersPhD'50, chairman of the department ofsociology and anthropology and directorof the Center for Sociological Study andGoucher Collège in Baltimore, has beenpromoted to the rank of full professor.A former researcher for the National Institute of Mental Health, Mrs. Quinn wasalso a Rosenwald Fellow. She is on theresearch advisory committee of theCouncil of Social Agencies and a member of the American Sociological Association, the Society for the Study of SocialProblems, and the Society for AppliedAnthropology. During the summer of1964, she studied Chinese civilization atTunghai University in Taiwan on a Ful-bright scholarship.46Evelyn C. Bacon, SM'46, has becomedirector of the school of nursing at theRichmond (Va.) Professional Institute.Mrs. Bacon, who has nearly completedthe requirements for the PhD at the University of Chicago, has been a consultantin nursing éducation and nursing serviceadministration since 1958.Mrs. Norbert L. Rosenthal (GéraldineHelman, AM'46) was a volunteer workerin the 1964 campaign of Fred R. Harris,the junior Senator from Oklahoma. Mrs.Rosenthal writes that she "organized agroup of teen-aged girls in the Tulsa areainto the 'Harris Honeybees' who sangsongs at rallies, took part in parades, andhelped pour out literature." Mrs. Rosenthal is working for a EdD degree at theUniversity of Tulsa. Her dissertation isentitled "A Critical Historical Analysisof the Research and Professional Literature Concerning the Education of theIntellectually Gifted by Enrichment, inRelation to Grouping Practices."George Van Dyke Tiers, '46, SM'50,PhD'56, is one of two research associâtesin the Central Research Laboratory ofthe Minnesota Mining and Manufactur-ing Co. He has recently been elected to3M's Carlton Society, founded two yearsago to recognize scientific and technicalcontributions to the company's growth.52 ~Edward L. Crowley, AM'52, has been appointed senior consultant to the Institute for the Study of the USSR in NewYork City. Mr. Crowley and his wifehâve been in Munich for three-and-a-half years. They hâve eight children.Robert B. Murdock, '52, JD'55, an at-torney for the West Penn Power Company in Greensburg, Pa., has been nameddirector of légal services for PotomacEdison Co., an affiliate of West Penn inthe Allegheny Power System.John A. Rayne, SM'52, PhD'54, hasbeen named professor of Physics in theCollège of Engineering and Science atCarnegie Tech.53Arthur S. Elstein, '53, AM'56, PhD'60,is a staff psychologist at the Massachusetts Mutual Health Center and a research associate in the Harvard MédicalSchool's Department of Psychiatry. Heand his wife, the former Rochelle Berger, '61, AM'63, recently had their firstchild, a daughter, Elana Judith, bornSeptember 15, 1965. The Elsteins livein Brookline, Mass.Lawrence R. Jeffery, SM'53, has beennamed associate technical director of theCommunications Division of the MitreCorporation, a company which plays amajor rôle in building défense communications equipment such as the Automatic Voice Network. Mitre is a Systemsengineering corporation, formed in 1958to provide technical advice and supportto such government agencies as the Electronic Systems Division of the Air ForceSystems Command and the FédéralAviation Agency. Mr. Jeffery came tothe company in 1958 from the technicalstaff of the Lincoln Laboratory at MITHe lives, with his wife and five children,in Lincoln, Mass.Norman L. Mages, '53, MD'58, is astaff psychiatrist at Mount Zion Hospitalin San Francisco. He is married and hasthree children.Joseph E. Ribal, AM'53, of Hunting-ton Beach, Calif., has recently been appointed by the Governor of California tothe Board of Directors of the CountyFair Board. He is a member of the Coun-25Robert Salisbury Otto Ledfordty Démocratie Central Committee andis considering running for an assemblyseat from his district.Richard E. Salisbury, MBA'53, hasbeen elected vice président of sales of theCalumet Steel Division of Borg- WarnerCorporation.Donovan E. Smucker, AM'53, PhD'57,recently lectured at the new Universityof Sussex, Brighton, G. B. At Sussex hevisited the Chaplain, Dr. Daniel Jenkins,who formerly taught at The Universityof Chicago's Divinity School.54Victor C. Ferkiss, PhD'54, will soonpublish Africa's Search for Identity (Bra-ziller), a history of Africa from colonial-ism to freedom. The book includes anoriginal and explicit program for effective U. S. discouragement of apartheidwithout the dangers of unilatéral intervention. Mr. Ferkiss, an associate professor of Government at GeorgetownUniversity, is a Fellow of the AfricanStudies Association. He directed the pio-neer program for training Americanforeign aid personnel for African serviceat the African Studies Program of Boston University, and was formerly a consultant on African programs for thePeace Corps. He has written numerousarticles on Africa and international relations for scholarly and popular period-icals.Kent V. Flannery, '54, AM'61, PhD'64, a Washington archeologist, is head-ing an expédition to Mexico's OaxacaValley to study the évolution of agriculture there between 5000 and 500B. C. The expédition, financed by theSmithsonian Institution, began in lateDecember, 1965, with headquarters atthe University of the America's researchcenter in Mitla. Mr. Flannery is associate curator of archeology at the Smithsonian.Avron E. King, '54, an executive turnedpoet, recently published From Adam'sRib (Exposition Press, New York), avolume of poems on the thème of love.Col. Otto C. Ledford, MBA'55, of theUSAF, was honored in October, 1965, at Patrick AFB, Fia. A group of hisfellow Arkansans presented him with acertificate naming him an "ArkansasTraveler," and October 25, 1965, wasproclaimed to be "Otto C. Ledford Day"throughout the state of Arkansas. Col.Ledford is the Commander of the 6555thAerospace Test Wing, which is respon-sible for the érection, checkout, count-down, and launch of ail USAF missilesat Cape Kennedy.Robert L. Payton, AM'54, has beennamed vice chancellor for planning atWashington University in St. Louis.Since 1 96 1 , he has been in charge of theOffice of Development, which includesail public relations, alumni, and fund-raising activities of the university. Mr.Payton went to Washington Universityin 1957 as editor of its alumni magazine.Philip J. Reinertsen, AM'54, PhD'58,has been named économie research manager for the Aetna Life and CasualtyCo. He served on an Economie Coopération Administration mission to Swedenand held positions as corporate econo-mist with two companies before joiningAetna in 1964 as assistant manager forcorporate planning and research.56John F. Dille, Jr., '56, AM'56, chairman of the board of directors of theNational Association of Broadcastersand past président of the UC AlumniAssociation, has received an honoraryDoctor of Letters degree from Tri-StateCollège, Angola, Ind.Gerald Gratch, PhD'56, is associateprofessor of psychology at the University of Houston. His specialty is childpsychology.Vincent M . Petrilli, AM'56, vice président and research director for Young &Rubicam, Inc. in Chicago, has been appointed to the agency's executive committee. Mr. Petrilli is married and hasfour children.Robert T. Zenzinger, MBA'56, has beennamed manager of personnel and indus-trial relations at the Cincinnati plant ofTrailmobile, a division of Pullman Inc.and one of the nation's largest manufac turera of commercial truck-trailcrs andfreight containers.57 *Alan C. Swan, JD'57, has joined theUniversity of Chicago's Office of Planning and Development as Assistant VicePrésident. He will be responsible for theTrusts and Bequests Program. From1957 to 1961, Mr. Swan was with thelaw firm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley &'McCloy in New York. In 1961 heaccept-ed a government appointment in Washington with the office of the gêneraicounsel of the Agency for InternationalDevelopment.lrvin G . Wihnot, MBA'57, an adminis-trator for the New York UniversityMédical Center since 1961, has written"Outpatient Care— Major Service of theFuture," for the September, 1965, issueof Hospital Topics. From 1953-1961,Mr. Wilmot was assistant superintendentof the University of Chicago Clinics.58Charles W. Day. AM'58, an employéeof the Ford Motor Company in Washington, D. C, and his wife, Caria, hadtheir first child, Charles, Jr., on July 4,1965.Laura Walker, AM'58, PhD'60, is thenew head of the Montana UniversitySchool of Nursing. Mrs. Walker has heldsupervisory nursing positions at theUniversity of Kansas Médical Center inKansas City; the Children's Hospital inSt. Louis; and the Missouri Division ofPublic Health in Jefferson City. For thepast several years she has served as président of the Montana Board of Nursing.59 ~__Charlotte Adelman, '59, JD'62, has aprivate gênerai law practice in downtownChicago.Laurie M. Gunter, PhD'59, has becomea professor of Nursing at Indiana University.Mrs. Grant Pick, AM'59, has beennamed to the Visiting Committee on theHumanities at the University.Thomas C. Tritschler, JD'59, has beenappointed to the faculty of the ToledoMuséum of Art.26ILJames Hopper-~ 60Roy H. Campbell, MBA'60, has contributed "A Managerial Approach to Ad-vertising Measurement" to the October,1965, issue of The Journal of Marketing.Mr. Campbell retired from business in1958 at the âge of 54 in order to returnto school and prépare himself for a newcareer as a collège professor. At thattime he had spent 25 years in marketingas advertising agency executive, adver-tisintr média représentative, advertisingmai -;er, salesman and sales manager.At (ne time of his retirement he wasexecutive vice président of Foote, Cône& Belding, and a member of the com-pany's executive committee and Boardof Directors. In 1961 he enrolled in thedoctoral program in business at Colum-bia University. Mr. Campbell is now onthe faculty of Arizona State University'sdepartment of marketing.King V. Cheek, AM'60, JD'64, anassistant professor of business and économies, has been named acting chair-mar >f the Division of Social Sciencesat S w University, Raleigh, N. C.lames M. Hopper, MBA'60, of Newton, Mass., has been appointed productmanager for meteorological balloonsand soda lime by the Dewey and AlmyChemical Division, W. R. Grâce & Co.,Boston. He will be responsible for thesale of "Darex" meteorological balloons,used by the armed forces, weather services, and private research groups tocarry meteorological instruments. Mr.Hopper has been a sales engineer withDewey and Almy since 1960.Michael M. Karnes, MBA'60, has beennamed an assistant cashier of the HarrisTrust and Savings Bank in Chicago.Robert L. Lippert, AM'60, is a unitsupervisor for the Family RéhabilitationCenter in San Rafaël, Calif.Earl Johnson, Jr., JD'60, a founder andofficiai of the Washington, D. C, Neigh-horhood Légal Services Project, has°een named deputy director of the national program of Légal Services to theP°or in the Office of Economie Oppor-'unity. Mr. Johnson lives with his wife Donald Niemi Donald Beitschand his two children in Rockville, Md.Richard E. Schoneman, MBA'60, hasbeen named to the executive staff ofBureau of Safety, Inc., national insur-ance and safety consultant organizationlocated in Chicago.62 ~John H. Doede, SM'62, PhD'63, for-merly of the Enrico Fermi Institute, hasjoined Advanced Scientific Instruments,a division of the Electro-Mechanical Research, Inc. He is Manager of ProductPlanning and Development, a post newlycreated by ASI to supply Systems planning in spécial market application areas.ASI has manufactured gênerai purposecomputers since 1961.James M . Ferguson, PhD'62, has beenappointed associate professor of businessadministration in the Collège of BusinessAdministration of the University ofRochester, N. Y.Donald R. Niemi, AM'62, was recentlysworn in as a Foreign Service Officer ofthe United States. Mr. Niemi and thirtyothers received Presidential appoint-ments as Foreign Service Officers afterthey had successfully completed compétitive written and oral examinations.In a short time he will be assigned to aposition with the Foreign Service inWashington or in any of the 1 13 coun-tries with which the United States main-tains diplomatie relations.Frederick L. Weiss, AM'62, has beennamed instructor in philosophy at theRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy,N. Y. In 1962 and 1963 he was an instructor in the department of literatureand fine arts at Heidelberg, Collège,Ohio.63Donald E. Beitsch, MBA'63, a major inthe Air Force, has received a spécialUSAF certificate of achievement for sav-ing the Air Force more than $6,000with spécial equipment he designed atthe Aerospace Research Laboratorieswhich eliminated the necessity of pur-chasing an additional research System. Amember of the Office of Aerospace Research, Major Beitsch serves as assistant Robert Vanden Bosch Ronald Senderdirector of metallurgy and ceramics atWright-Patlerson AFB in Dayton, O.Edwin B. Firmage, JD'63, LLM'64,JSD'64, assistant professor of law at theUniversity of Missouri, has been selected by Vice Président Humphrey to serveas his aide. Mr. Firmage was recentlynamed by Président Johnson as one of15 White House Fellows. He will workwith the Vice Président in several ca-pacities. He will spend some time onCapitol Hill working on the President'slégislative program; he will do researchon problems of urban affairs; and hewill work in various areas of international relations while traveling with Mr.Humphrey.Felipe Landa Jocano, PhD'63, has beennamed one of the "Ten OutstandingMen in the Philippines," according to acover story in the Sunday Manila Timesfor January 2, 1966. Part of the citationreads: "The immense scope of hisachievements in research, aplified by hisdistinction as the first Filipino to receivea doctorate in anthropology, qualifieshim for the singular honor of being ratedthe most outstanding Filipino anthro-pologist."Eugène D. Vinogradoff, '63, AM'65, isworking on a PhD in Russian History atColumbia University. He recently became engaged to Susan D. Cliner ofWashington, D. C.64Robert E. Vanden Bosch, MBA'64, hasbeen elected assistant cashier at theHarris Trust and Savings Bank in Chicago.Douglas M. Costle, JD'64, of Arling-ton, Va., is married to the former Eliza-beth Holmes Rowe. The couple will livein Washington, D. C.Douglas Daniels, '64, is serving in thePeace Corps in East Africa.Ronald Sender, '64, has completed histraining at Western Michigan Universityand has been sent as a Peace Corps Vol-unteer to Nigeria. Mr. Sender's groupwill teach in secondary schools and universities throughout the West Africancountry.27HemorîalsWalter S. Roger s, '02, director emeritusof the American Institute of CurrentWorld Affairs in New York, died October 23, 1965. Before he helped foundthe Institute in 1926, Mr. Rogers wasan advisor to the U. S. délégation tothe Paris Peace Conférence in 1919. Heis survived by his wife and three daugh-ters.Mrs. Howard N. Calderwood (AnaJule Enke, '05), died April 5, 1965, inMadison, Wis.Gladys Gaylord, '06, a retired teacherin the Chicago public schools, diedJanuary 14, 1966.Meta C. Mannhardt, '07, died Decem-ber 23, 1965, in Chicago.Mary Ethel Courtenay, '09, AM'37, aprominent Chicago educator and a former executive of the Chicago HeartAssociation, died January 23, 1966.Albert Long, '09, died July 28, 1965,in Rockford, 111.James P. Pope, LLB'09, former UnitedStates senator from Idaho and a directorof the Tennessee Valley Authority, diedJanuary 23, 1966, in Alexandria, Va.Katherine L. Lucey, '10, of Ottawa, 111.,died in July, 1964.Paul A. Walker, '10, a member of theFédéral Communications Commissionsince its founding in 1934, died Novem-ber 2, 1965, in Norman, Okla. While onthe FCC, from which he retired aschairman in 1953, Mr. Walker was apioneer in the promotion of éducationby radio and télévision and a specialistin téléphone and telegraph rate régulation. He is survived by his wife and twochildren.Harrison H. Wheaton, '10, JD'll, ofJackson Heights, N. Y., died November9, 1965.Mrs. Andrew M. Grootendorst (HelenMacKay Brown, '1 1), of Benton Harbor,Mich., died December 6, 1965.Théodore English Ford, '13, died Au-gust 13, 1965, in Kansas City, Mo.Sheldon B. Cooper, '16, président ofthe Anderson Banking Company in Indianapolis and past président of theIndiana Bankers Association, died Sep-tember 11, 1965. Charter Flights to EuropeMembers of the Alumni Associationare eligible to participate in the econ-omy flights to Europe this summer,sponsored by Student Government.A charter flight (entire plane char-tered) will leave Chicago on August8, arriving in Paris the followingmorning. The return flight, fourweeks later, will leave London onSeptember 5, arriving in Chicago thesame day. Approximate cost: $320;infants not occupying a seat, free.A group flight (group of seats char-tered) will leave Chicago and thenNew York on June 27, arriving inParis the following morning. The return flight, ten weeks later, will leaveLondon on September 5, arriving inNew York and then Chicago the sameday. Fares: $415 from Chicago and$340 from New York; children 2 to11, half- f are; infants not occupyinga seat, $35.Members of the Alumni Associationwhose affiliation began before December 18, 1965, are eligible, alongwith their spouses, dépendent children, and parents who live in the samehousehold. For registration or fur-ther information contact: StudentGovernment, The University of Chicago, 1212 E. 59th St., Chicago, 111.60637.UNIVERSITYCALENDARMarch 14Urban Affairs Lecture: "The NewUrbanism: Fiscal, Environmental, andPolitical Aspects," by Senator Joseph S.Clark (D-Pa.). Sponsored by the University's Center for Urban Studies andthe Center for Public Administration.Breasted Hall, 10:30 AM.Sixth Carlson Mémorial Lecture:"Some Récent Advances in the Study ofTransplantation," by Sir Peter Meda-war, Médical Research Council, National Institute for Médical Research, London. Law School Auditorium, 3:00 PM.March 15Public Lecture: "Man and Brute," byMortimer J. Adler, Director of the Institute for Philosophical Research. Sponsored by the Britannica Lecture Séries. Law School Auditorium, at 8:00 Pj\jMarch 16-18 ~~~~^Leadership Conférence: Center for theStudy of Libéral Education for AdultsCenter for Continuing Education.March 17 'Public Lecture: "Language andThought," by Mortimer J. Adler, Director of the Institute for PhilosophicalResearch. Sponsored by the BritannicaLecture Séries. Law School Auditorium8:00 PM.March 18-19 ~~~~Gymnastics: NCAA Mid-East Régional Championships. Bartlett Gym, 2:00PM.March 19 ~""~Fencing: Intra-Squad Championships;Bartlett Gym, 12:30 PM.Track: University of Chicago TrackClub Relays; Field House, 2:00 PM.Winter Quarter ends.March 24-25 ~~Swimming: National Collegiate Swimming and Diving Championships. Bartlett Gym.March 26Track: Central AAU Indoor Championships. Field House, 2:00 and 7:00PM.March 28-29Registration opens for the Spring Quarter.March 29Public Lecture: "Man and Machine,"by Mortimer J. Adler, Director of theInstitute for Philosophical Research.Sponsored by the Britannica LectureSéries. Law School Auditorium, 8:00PM.March 31Public Lecture: "The Différence ItMakes," by Mortimer J. Adler, Directorof the Institute for Philosophical Research. Sponsored by the BritannicaLecture Séries. Law School Auditorium,8:00 PM.April 1 ~Concert: The UC Chamber MusicSéries présents pianist Jakob Gimpel ina program of Beethoven, Schubert,Scriabin, and Chopin. Mandel Hall,8:30 PM.April 3Festival Oratorio Concert: the Rocke-feller Chapel Choir and Symphony Orchestra in a performance of Bach's St.Matthew's Passion, Rockefeller Chapel,3:30 PM.28What can you use a chair for?To stand on while hanging a Picasso print?To prop against a door that won't stayclosed?To train lions?You can do ail thèse things with a Universityof Chicago chair. And they're fine for sittingtoo. (Experienced chairmen find them verycomfortable.)Don't use the Chicago chair in makingWestern movies though. They won't shatterover the villian's head. Chicago chairs are toosturdy. They're made of Northern yellow birch,finished in black lacquer with gold trim andwith the University seal on the backrest.You can hâve one within a month. But ordermore than one. Then you can play musicalChicago chairs. The University of Chicago Alumni Association5733 University AvenueChicago, Illinois 60637Please send me University of Chicagochairs at ? $34 each (black arms)? $35 each (cherry arms)NameAddressMake checks payable to The University of Chicago Alumni Association. Chairs will be shippeddirectly from the factory, express collect.STUDIES OFMAN INNATUREAND SOCIETY...APOSTLES OF THESELF-MADE MANJohn G. CaweltiFrom the wisdom of Franklin, Jefferson,and Emerson, through the soap-operaprose of such nineteenth-century novel-ists as Horatio Alger, to modem success-salesmen of the Dale Carnegie genre, thedéfinition of the American Dream hasundergone considérable change. In thisentertaining book Mr. Cawelti demon-strates the graduai évolution from theProtestant Ethic to the Rat Race, illustra t i n p his thème with handbooks,fiction, children's books, works of phi-losophy, and political speeches — a fasci-nating array of American literatureranging from the highest to the lowestlevels of taste. $6.95THE GARDEN ANDTHE WILDERNESSReligion and Governmentin American Constitutional HistoryMark DeWolfe HoweIn this witty, élégant appraisal Mr.Howe suggests that the constitutionalrequirement of séparation betweenchurch and state has been too rigidlyinterpreted. He reminds us that RogerWilliams viewed "the wall of séparationbetween the garden of the church andthe wilderness of the world" as thechurch's protection from secular corruption. While Mr. Howe applauds mostrécent décisions of the Suprême Court,he suspects that the Court has failed torecognize that the rule of séparation wasno less a postulate of faith than an axiomof doubt. $4.50 NEW VIEWS OF THENATURE OF MANJohn R. Platt, EditorIn thèse essays distinguished specialistsdiscuss récent advances in the naturaland social sciences which provoke dra-matic révisions in our view of the natureof man and his biological, intellectual,and social potentialities. Contents :Maris Place in the Physical Universe, byWillard F. Libby, winner of the NobelPrize in chemistry, 1950; BiologicalDeterminacy, Individuality, and theProblem of Fixe Will, by George Wald,biochemist; The Science of Science, byDerek J. de Solla Price, physicist andhistorian of science; Brain, Mind, andHumanist Values, by Roger W. Sperry,authority on neural growth and thearchitecture of the brain; The Impact ofthe Concept of Culture on the Concept ofMan, by Clifford Geertz, anthropologist;The Sensé of Crisis, by James M. Red-field, historian. $5.00Inquirc at i/our bookstoreTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS5750 Ellis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois (50637