The University of Chicagomagazine January 1966Contemporary Art for Young CollectorsSeventy-Fifth AnniversaryThe University of Chicago75th AnniversaryAlumni Conférence on the CollègeOponsored by the Alumni Committee for the 75th Anniversary, a selected group of 40 to 50 alumni will join with12 members of the Collège faculty in a serious, lively re-examination of the purposes and the actual achievementsof their undergraduate éducation. Entitled "What Knowledge is Most Worth Having?," the Conférence will be heldJanuary 28-30 at the Center for Continuing Education.Immediately folio wing the Alumni Conférence, the Collègewill conduct a Libéral Arts Conférence on the same subject.It will be a week-long discussion by students and faculty ofthe theoretical issues underlying the changes which will beinstituted when the reorganization of the Collège — the"Levi Plan," proposed by Provost Edward H. Levi — goesinto effect next Autumn.The Alumni Conférence marks a new attempt to bringalumni into a close and meaningful educational relation-ship with the University. Participating alumni will hâvethe opportunity to share in the dialogue which accompaniesthe growth and refinement of the Collège' s workingphilosophy, a dialogue of great importance in thèse monthspreceding the College's reorganization. It is hoped that theConférence will contribute to a fresh perspective on therôle of alumni in the affairs of the University, a fittingobservance of the spirit of rededication which PrésidentBeadle has called for during the 75th Anniversary.A résident Beadle has said: "We are convinced thatthoughtful reflection by concerned alumni on problems oflibéral éducation can be of real value to the University. Their judgments about their Collège expérience, from theirprésent perspectives, are of great interest to those of usdirectly involved in the Collège as it is shaped for thefuture. I can think of no more appropriate way for a selectedgroup of alumni to join in the observance of our 75thbirthday."D.'uring the Conférence, attending alumni will reflect ontheir own expérience in the Collège, and its subséquenteffect on their lives. They will join with the faculty members in small groups to address themselves to the two-foldquestion: "From my présent perspective, in what ways wasmy Collège expérience (1) most successful, and (2) leastsuccessful for me?" Within this framework, the alumniwill consider the effect of their Collège éducation upontheir personal development, their family lives, their attitudes and activities as citizens, and their vocational careers.Wayne C Booth, AM'47, PhD'50, Dean of the Collège,will welcome attending alumni at a réception on January28 and will deliver the opening address the folio wing morn-ing. Dean Booth said: "The faculty members will act asinformai discussion leaders during the small group sessionswhich will be the core of the Conférence. The sessions willseek to minimize réminiscences for their own sake andpursue the most serious sensé of the two-fold question. Wehope that, rather than meeting our graduâtes only in connection with fund-raising or social occasions, this Conférence will give us a chance to discover whether it is reallypossible to work on a différent Une entirely."The University of ChicagomagazineVolume LVIIINumber 4January 1966Pubiished since 1907 byTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPhilip C. White, '35, PhD'38PrésidentC. Ranlet LincolnDirector of Alumni Aff airsConrad KulawasEditorTHE ALUMNI FUNDEn ïtî Van Nice, '31ChairmanHarry ShollDirectorREGIONAL REPRESENTATIVESDavid R. Leonetti39 West 55th StreetNew York, New York 10019PLaza 7-1473Marie Stephens1195 Charles StreetPasadena, California 91103SYcamore 3-4545Mary Leeman420 Market Street, Room 146San Francisco, California 94111YUkon 1-1180Pubiished monthly, October throughJune, by The University of ChicagoAlumni Association, 5733 UniversityAvenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637.Animal subscription price, $5.00.Second class postage paid at Chicago,Illinois. ©Copyright 1966 TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine.Ail rights reserved.Advertising rates on request. 1219 $1,000,000 Standard Oil Foundation GiftNew contribution to the campaign for ChicagoStudents in GovernmentRobert F. LeveyContemporary Art for Young CollectorsThe Renaissance Society's annual exhibitionThe Two Worlds of Race (conclusion)John Hope FranklinThe New Stagg FieldPlans for extensive new athletic facilities20 Quadrangle News23 Sportshorts24 Profiles26 Club News28 Alumni News34 Memorials36 University CalendarPhotography Crédits: Ronald Bowman— front cover, pages 8-11; Stan Karter—pages 6,7, and 25; David Windsor-page 21; Cody Pfanstiehl— bottom of page 27.15G009000 Standard Oil Foundation GiftmJfL he Standard Oil (Indiana) Foundation has given$1,000,000 to the University, an unprecedented grant bythe Foundation and the first major gift from a corporatefoundation to the campaign for Chicago.The gift was announced on November 30, five weeks afterthe opening of the $160,000,000 campaign for Chicago."The gift of $1 ,000,000 to The University of Chicago is thelargest single grant ever made by Standard Oil (Indiana)Foundation," said John E. Swearingen, Chairman of theBoard of the Foundation. "Foundation directors hope thatthis action will stimulate others to increase their contributions to the University and to éducation generally."We are convinced that strong universities, like Chicago,are essential to a strong nation. Particularly in a time ofunparalleled social and technological change, éducation isvital to a free society and a dynamic economy; and privateeducational institutions of the Worldwide pre-eminence ofThe University of Chicago play a key rôle in this process."This new and large Foundation grant expresses a highdegree of confidence in the vigorous leadership and boldplanning by the University's trustées, faculty, and administration, ït recognizes that costs of éducation are rising andthat thèse costs must be met in the interests of nationalsurvival and growth and in the interests of a strong economybased on a free society and free, private enterprise."Speaking for the University, Président George W. Beadlesaid: "The Foundation has been a pioneer in corporatesource support for midwestern académie institutions. Wewish to express our gratitude to Mr. Swearingen and otherofïicers of the Foundation for their generous expression ofconfidence in the University's plan. This contribution by theStandard Oil (Indiana) Foundation is a significant manifestation of faith in the future of the city, the midwest, and, ofcourse, the University."This grant is particularly appreciated now, five weeksafter the announcement of our three-year, $160,000,000campaign for Chicago, the largest campaign goal ever announced by a University for such a period. At the same timewe were able to announce the $25,000,000 Ford Foundationchallenge grant. And we were recently able to announce the$1.0,000,000 grant from the Regenstein Foundation forour new Graduate Research Library. In a campaign of thistype it is very important to keep up the momentum, and wewill continue to do so with the encouragement the Standard At a news conférence in connection with theannouncement of the gift, John E. Swearinge:.,,Chairman of the Board of Standard Oil (Indiana)Foundation, was asked: "Why did you pick TheUniversity of Chicago for this $1,000,000 gift?" Mr.Swearingen responded:"One, our Foundation has been vitally interestedin this University. Its facilities and educational qualitymust be maintained. Two, we think The Universityof Chicago is one of the outstanding universities mthe entire world. We want it to continue. And three,The University of Chicago is one of our neighbors.We are sympathetic to Its aims and we believe it Isimportant to support them."We think The University of Chicago is unique asa center of higher learning. It is a standard-bearer,one which is blazing new trails. We believe it is particularly deserving. We think it needs the money morethan any other institution."Oil (Indiana) Foundation has given us. This grant is one ofthe very, very large ones from a corporate source."Gaylord Donnelley, Trustée and Chairman of the campaignfor Chicago, said: "We are especially thankful to theStandard Oil (Indiana) Foundation for its sophistication inmaking a major gift without any restrictions as to its ultimateuse. Such unrestricted contributions make possible the mostintelligent use of available funds in meeting the challengesbefore the University. Président Beadle and the University'sProvost, Edward H. Levi, must hâve such unrestricted fundsif they are to carry forward successfully the Imaginativeaspirations for the University. As Chairman of the campaign for Chicago, it is my hope that other foundation;:. andcorporations will make equaîîy generous and sophistieatedcontributions to the University."Since its establishment in 1952, Standard Oil (Indiana)Foundation has given more than $1,285,000 to the University, including the most récent gift. 0At right: Président George W. Beadle; John E. Swearingen, Chairman of the Board of Standard Oil (Indiana) Foundation; andGaylord Donnelley, University Trustée and Chairman of the campaign for Chicago.23Students in Government^TRobert F. Levey%^J niversity of Chicago students hâve, in the past, beenvariously described as brilliant, dedicated, sensitive, aware.Now, thanks to twenty-five of their more adventurous members, a new adjective can be added to the list: "Washing-tonized." Under the joint auspices of the government'ssummer intern program and the University's In GovernmentService Program, thèse twenty-five students, representingboth sexes and several departments of the University, spentthe summer in the nation's capital working for governmentagencies, Congressmen, and private firms. They performeda variety of tasks, of ten worked in différent parts of the city,and seldom saw each other. But their individual expérienceswere, to a man, the same— very favorable.The idea for the summer program was first conceived abouttwo years ago by Mrs. Anita Sandke, Assistant Dean ofStudents and director of the University's Career Counselingand Placement Office. Mrs. Sandke, whose office aidsrecruiting teams when they visit the campus, had been infairly continuous contact with government représentatives.Although when they came to Chicago they were lookingfor full-time employées, the members of the recruiting teamsnevertheless told Mrs. Sandke more about the government'ssummer intern program — its aims, benefits, and effects. Theprogram, they said, was designed to introduce capable students into the workings of government, and it had provenin the past to be more effective than campus visits or news-paper advertisements in recruiting career government employées.Mrs. Sandke took the initiative. But she was faced withcertain problems. How, for example, was she to convincethe students of what the recruiters had insisted— that government work was not necessarily the stultifying, bureaucratie dead-end that so many thought. The response at theChicago end was far from encouraging: one student wasinterested. Yet Mrs. Sandke went ahead. She visited Washington and arranged for the Treasury Department to hirethe student. He went, he worked, and in September hereturned full of enthusiasm for the program.Thus, with independent confirmation of the value of theRobert F. Levey is a fourth-year student in the Collège, majoringin tutorial studies. He was editor of the Chicago Maroon in theacadémie year of 1964-65. Mr. Levey participated in the Washington intérnship program described in this article in the summerof 1965, working for VISTA.&t left: law student Ralph B rendes with Sen. Jacob Javits (R—N.Y.) Washington summer expérience in hand, Mrs. Sandke hopedthat the second year of the program would attract morestudents. It did. A small and buried announcement in theMaroon produced a turnout of nearly a hundred applicants.Not ail of them, however, could be considered for the program. Many were first and second year students in theCollège, whom agencies would be reluctant to hire becauseof their inexpérience. And, in the limited time she hadbudgeted for herself in Washington, Mrs. Sandke could notpossibly hâve fourid openings for ail of them. The government agencies were primarily interested in law students andthose trained in applied sciences, although they could some-times be talked into accepting an especially talented under-graduate. Mrs. Sandke managed, finally, to place twenty ofthe original respondents. The other five members of thefinal group got their jobs on their own.It is to the great crédit of Mrs. Sandke and of Bradley H.Patterson, Jr., a UC alumnus ëmployed by the TreasuryDepartment, that the students got the jobs they did. Theirtasks included légal work, speech writing, public relations,and ranged ail the way from cosmic ray research to excerpt-ing articles from Russian scientific magazines. Mrs. Sandkearranged most of thèse jobs, but she left the Treasury beatto Mr. Patterson, who helped place some six law studentsand budding econbmists in that agency's offices.Mr. Patterson insists that UC's tradition of gênerai libéraléducation, both at the graduate and undergraduate levels,is fine préparation for government service. He believes thateven in an era when career government workers must pos-sess highly specialized skills, a working knowledge of anumber of fields is not merely helpful but essential.FJL or the UC contingent, the most mémorable featureof the program was a séries of informai meetings withalumni, and luncheons and after-hours seminars with government personalities. Organized by Ralph Brendes, a secondyear law student and secretary pro tem of the Chicago group,the sessions supplemented what they were learning in theirjobs and provided them with the chance to meet with eachother. The meetings were not viewed, either by Brendesor the rest of the group, as relief from the drudgexy of theoffice. On the whole, the students' jobs were not the sort5Anita Sandkethat prompted clock-watching or dreams of escape. Thework was meaningful and challenging and ofrered an oppor-tunity to be original. Hère are some of the comments madeby participating students:"The thought that your décisions had ramifications forthe whole country not only made you do a better job, itgave your work a measure of significance which, I shouldthink, could not be approached by many other kinds ofwork." "Working in the Senate made me realize how much hardwork goes into the process of législation, including suchaspects as bill research, constituent relations, press relations, and sub-committee work.""My job in the District of Columbia's Légal Aid Agencywas very rewarding and instructive— instrumental in shapingmy career détermination; that is, I now intend to do thekind of work I was doing this summer.""A job of the type I had, if not the exact job, is much morethan a learning expérience; it is a total éducation, not justa start. Given a free sort of job situation, one can learnunlimited things both about government and about workingfull time."But not ail the students were this effusive. In retrospect,many had spécifie suggestions about how their jobs, and thesummer intern program as a whole, could be strengthened.One student who worked at the Treasury recommendedthat each supervisor submit a plan for his intern's activitythrough the whole summer. Others, who found that government service was hard work, commented on the inflexiblenature of their jobs. One student, one of the few secondyear students in the program, said: "Some things interestedme and others repelled me. The rigidity of the system didnot seem to allow for creativity or originality, though pressures and work load were very heavy. I would like to getsome expérience other than purely clérical."But ail the jobs, in spite of scattered complaints, had onefavorable élément in common: the students were doing"real" work, not "make" work. Even if the task was attimes mechanical, it was always important. This tended toassuage the feelings of those whose labors were not asglamorous and exciting as they had hoped. They at leastgot the feeling that they were part of the team and thattheir contribution was both necessary and recognized.Whatever professional anxieties and feelings of inadequacythe students harbored tended to disappear during the lunch-eon and evening sessions. The speakers and their subjectsbrought out the "Chicago" in everyone, and question peri-ods were lengthy and spirited. In the two or three sessionswhich were less formai than the others, there was a chancefor the kind of "meaningful intellectual discourse" to whichthe students were accustomed. Attendance, although notalways up to what student organizer Brendes hoped, wasnevertheless a sign that UC students desired a more thorough6picture of Washington than they were getting from 9 to 5.Sessions were held, in order, with Hugo B. Margain, theMexican Ambassador to the U.S.; Gary Bellow, administrative director of the United Planning Organization (the waron poverty administrative agency in Washington) ; Congress-woman Frances Payne Bolton (R-Ohio); Senator PaulDouglas (D-Ill.); Congressman Don Edwards (D-Calif.);Assistant Secretary of State for Economie Affairs AnthonyM. Solomon; Senator Joseph Tydings (D-Md.) ; and GeorgeH. Gaffney and Donald E. Miller, Deputy Commissionerof the Bureau of Narcotics and Légal Counsel to that Bureau,respectively.One amusing incident at the sessions came about duringan interview with a man who was evidently high up in theWashington hierarchy. He was relating to the students theviews of his department on such matters as the Dominicanintervention and the war in Viet Nam. Suddenly his secretaryburst into the room and handed him a slip of paper. He readits contents quickly and gravely, and just as quickly andgravely tore the note into fine shreds. He informed thegroup that "something important had corne up" and thathe would hâve to terminate the interview. After he had left,the -pirit of inquiry overcame one student, who pains-takingly pieced the note back together, anticipating a deep,dark state secret. The note bore the following legend:"You've been talking for 45 minutes!"V^^ne interesting sign of the success of last summer'sprogram is that many of the participating students hope toreturn to Washington in 1966. The students are split aboutevenly on the issue of whether they would like the samejobs again. Although most of them clarified their careerobjectives as a resuit of their expérience, many would wel-come increased responsibility and tougher challenges. Onthe other hand, many were so content with what they hadthat they find it difficult to envison anything better.What does the future hold for the Summer-in- Washingtonprogram? Apparently it is a case of onward and upward. Inlaunching this coming summer's program early in Novem-ber, Mrs. Sandke made préparations to handle an initialturnout of upwards of 1 50. Of thèse, she hopes to be ableto place 50. Her optimism would not appear to be un- Robert F. Leveyfounded. She has two important things in her favor thatwere absent a year ago: contacts in the agencies and officesin Washington, and the impressive record of this past summer's interns. In addition she has the continued support ofa number of Chicago alumni in the Washington area.Among them, in addition to Mr. Patterson, are Burton B.Moyer, Jr., Daniel M. Ogden, Jr., J. Lee Westrate, WilliamB. Cannon, Sen. Gale W. McGee (D-Wyo.) and HerbertSpielman, président of the Washington Alumni Club. ?7Contemporary Art for Young CollectorsEach year since 1 947 the Renaissance Society at The Universityof Chicago has presented a unique exhibition and sale called"Contemporary Art for Young Collectors." This year's show washeld November 28 to December 22 at Goodspeed Hall. TheRenaissance Society dévotes months of careful sélection toprovide quality works at priées attractive to beginningcollectors. The annual exhibition was established to encourageinterest in contemporary art and to stimulate students andother members of the University community to begin collections.The show now enjoys a large following in the Chicago area.Many prominent Chicago artists, who participated before theyhad established réputations, continue to send their workbecause of long-standing loyalty. In addition, this year'sshow included prints by such noted artists as Arp, Chagall,Daumier, Giacometti, Matisse, Miro, and Picasso, as well as itsusual wide variety of water colors, oils, collages, smallsculpture, and selected Norwegian and English pottery.The first show in the séries had a $20 limit on ail worksexhibited, and it was an immédiate success. In the second yearthe limit was raised to $50, and the resulting collection wascirculated nationally by the American Fédération of Arts.Public reaction was enthusiastic, and similar shows, even to thename, hâve since appeared throughout the country. The limit hasbeen raised over the years to $ 1 50 in order to permit theinclusion of many fine works which were previously unacceptable.d C' n¦i #iÏ ^J|i«T-»*-F ^ ^ *^BContemporary Art for Young Collectors10The Renaissance Society was founded in 1915 to "advance anunderstanding and appréciation of art in ail its forms." TheSociety is independent of the University, but is indebtedto it for its friendly auspices and for providing the galleriesand office space at Goodspeed Hall. As early as the 1 920's,the Society showed such artists as Picasso, Matisse, Rouault,Brancusi, and Lipchitz. In the 1 930's it sponsored one-manshows by Calder, Albers, and Seurat, and exhibited works byGromaire, Gris, Miro, and Mondrian. In récent years therehâve been exhibitions of twentieth-century German art andthe work of Mark Tobey and Albert Bloch. In 1 950 the firstChicago showing of six young Italian artists — Afro, Cagli,Guttoso, Mirko, Morlotti, and Pizzinato — was arranged especiallyfor the Renaissance Society gallery. Outside the gallery,the Society sponsors music and dance concerts, film showings,and lectures and discussions by outstanding critics andhistorians. The Renaissance Society is a non-profit organizationsupported by membership fées, gifts, and generous assistancefrom the University. Membership inquiries should be directedto the Renaissance Society, 1010 E. 59th Street, Chicago, 111.60637, téléphone Mldway 3-0800, ext. 2886.At left: Elizabeth Daniels, the Renaissance Society'sExhibition Director, making last-minute adjustmentsbefore opening the members' spécial preview, Nov. 27.HfU The TwomïïÊÊ by John Hope FranklinT-A~he post-Reconstruction years witnessed a steady détérioration in the status of Negro Americans. Thèse were theyears that Professor Rayford Logan has called the "nadir"of the Negro in American life and thought. They were theyears when Americans, weary of the crusade that had, forthe most part, ended with the outbreak of the Civil War,displayed almost no interest in helping the Negro to achieveequality. The social Darwinists decried the very notion ofequality for Negroes, arguing that the lowly place they oc-cupied was natural and normal. The leading literary journalsvied with each other in describing Negroes as lazy, idle,improvident, immoral, and criminal. Thomas Dixon's novels,The Klansman and The Léopard' s Spots, and D. W. Grifïïth'smotion picture, "The Birth of A Nation," helped to giveAmericans a view of the Negro's rôle in American historythat "proved" that he was unfit for citizenship, to say nothingof equality. The dictum of William Graham Sumner and hisfollowers that "stateways cannot change folkways" con-vinced many Americans that legislating equality and creatingone great society where race was irrelevant was out of thequestion.But many Americans believed that they could legislate in-equality; and they proceeded to do precisely that. Beginningin 1 890, one Southern state after another revised the suffrageprovisions of its constitution in a manner that made it vir-tually impossible for Negroes to qualify to vote. The newliteracy and "understanding" provisions permitted local reg-istrars to disqualify Negroes while permitting white citizensto qualify. Several states, including Louisiana, North Caro-lina, and Oklahoma, inserted "grandfather clauses" in theirconstitutions in order to permit persons, who could nototherwise qualify, to vote if their fathers or grandfatherscould vote in 1866. (This was such a flagrant discriminationagainst Negroes, whose ancestors could not vote in 1866,that the United States Suprême Court in 1915 declared the"grandfather clause" unconstitutional.) Then came theDémocratie white primary in 1900 that made it impossiblefor Negroes to participate in local élections in the South,where, by this time, only the Démocratie party had anyappréciable strength. (After more than a génération of as-saults on it, the white primary was finally declared unconstitutional in 1944.)Inequality was legislated in still another way. Beginning inthe 1880's, many states, especially but not exclusively in the of RacePart Two (conclusion)South, enacted statutes designed to separate the races. Afterthe Civil Rights Act was declared unconstitutional in 1883state législatures were emboldened to enact numerous ségrégation statutes. When the United States Suprême Court, inthe case of Plessy v. Ferguson, set forth the "separate butequal" doctrine in 1 896, the décision provided a new stimulus for laws to separate the races and, of course, to discrimi-nate against Negroes. In time, Negroes and whites wereseparated in the use of schools, churches, cemeteries, drink-ing fountains, restaurants, and ail places of public accommodation and amusement. One state enacted a law providingfor the separate warehousing of books used by white andNegro children. Another required the téléphone company toprovide separate téléphone booths for white and Negrocustomers. In most communities housing was racially separated by law or practice.Where there was no législation requiring ségrégation, localpractices filled the void. Contradictions and inconsistenciesseemed not to disturb those who sought to maintain racialdistinctions at ail costs. It mattered not that one drive-insnack bar served Negroes only on the inside, while its com-petitor across the street served Negroes only on the outside.Both were committed to making racial distinctions; and incommunities where practices and mores had the force of law,the distinction was everything. Such practices were greatlystrengthened when, in 1 91 3, the fédéral government adoptedpolicies that segregated the races in its offices as well as in itseating and rest-room facilities.By the time of World War I, Negroes and whites in theSouth and in parts of the North lived in separate worlds, andthe apparatus for keeping the worlds separate was elaborateand complex. Negroes were segregated by law in the publicschools of the Southern states, while those in the Northernghettos were sent to predominantly Negro schools, exceptwhere their numbers were insufficient. Scores of Negro news-papers sprang up to provide news of Negroes that the whiteJohn Hope Franklin (at right), Professor of History, has writtenwidely on the history of the American Negro. His books includeFrom Slavery to Freedom: A History of American Negroes, MilitaitSouth, Reconstruction After the Civil War, and The EmancipationProclamation. The présent article is taken from Professor Franklinsarticle in the Fall, 1965, issue of Daedalus, the journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a spécial issue on "The NegroAmerican," which contributed source material to the White HouseConférence on the Negro. Illustrations by Virgil Burnett.12press consistently ignored. Negroes were as unwanted in thewhite churches as they had been in the late eighteenth cen-tury; and Negro churches of virtually every dénominationwere the answer for a people who had accepted the whiteman's religion even as the white man rejected his religiousfellowship.Taking note of the fact that they had been omitted fromany serious considération by the white historians, Negroesbegan in earnest to write the history of their own expériencesas Americans. There had been Negro historians before theCivil War, but none of them had challenged the white historians' efforts to relegate Negroes to a separate, degradedworld. In 1 882, however, George Washington Williams pubiished his History of the Negro Race in A merica in order to"give the world more correct ideas about the colored people."He wrote, he said, not "as a partisan apologist, but from alove for the truth of history." Soon there were other histori-cal works by Negroes describing their progress and theircontributions and arguing that they deserved to be receivedinto the full fellowship of American citizens.It was in thèse post-Reconstruction years that some of themost vigorous efforts were made to destroy the two worlds ofrace. The desperate pleas of Negro historians were merelythe more articulate attempts of Negroes to gain complèteacceptance in American life. Scores of Negro organizationsjoined in the struggle to gain protection and récognition oftheir rights and to eliminate the more sordid practices thatcharacterized the treatment of the Negro world by the whiteworld. Unhappily, the small number of whites who werecommitted to racial equality dwindled in the post-Reconstruction years, while government at every Ievel showed nointerest in eliminating racial separatism. It seemed that Negro voices were indeed crying in the wilderness, but theycarried on their attempts to be heard. In 1 890 Negroes fromtwenty-one states and the District of Columbia met in Chicago, and organized the Afro- American League of the UnitedStates. They called for more équitable distribution of schoolfunds, fair and impartial trial for accused Negroes, résistance"by ail légal and reasonable means" to mob and lynch law,and enjoyment of the franchise by ail qualified voters. Whena group of young Negro intellectuals, led by W. E. B. DuBois, met at Niagara Falls, Ontario, in 1905, they made asimilar cal] as they launched their Niagara Movement.However éloquent their pleas, Negroes alone could make13no successful assault on the two worlds of race. They neededhelp— a great deal of help. It was the bloody race riots in theearly years of the twentieth century that shoeked civic mind-ed and socially conscious whites into answering the Negro'spleas for support. Some whites began to take the view thatthe existence of two societies whose distinction was basedsolely on race was inimical to the best interests of the entirenation. Soon, they were taking the initiative and in 1909organized the National Association for the Advancement ofColored People. They assisted the following year in estab-lishing the National Urban League. White attorneys beganto stand with Negroes before the United States SuprêmeCourt to challenge the "grandfather clause," local ségrégation ordinances, and flagrant miscarriages of justice in whichNegroes were the victims. The patterns of attack developedduring thèse years were to become invaluable later. Légalaction was soon supplemented by picketing, demonstrating,and boycotting, with telling effect particularly in selectedNorthern communities.TJl. he two world wars had a profound effect on the statusof Negroes in the United States and did much to mount theattack on the two worlds of race. The décade of World WarI witnessed a very significant migration of Negroes. Theywent in large numbers— perhaps a half million— from therural areas of the South to the towns and cities of the Southand North. They were especially attracted to the industrialcenters of the North. By the thousands they poured intoPittsburgh, Cleveland, and Chicago. Although many wereunable to secure employment, others were successful andachieved a standard of living they could not hâve imaginedonly a few years earlier. Northern communities were notaltogether friendly and hospitable to the newcomers, but theopportunities for éducation and the enjoyment of politicalself-respect were the greatest they had ever seen. Many ofthem felt that they were entirely justified in their renewedhope that the war would bring about a complète merger ofthe two worlds of race.Those who held such high hopes, however, were naive inthe extrême. Already the Ku Klux Klan was being revived—this time in the North as well as in the South. Its leaders weredetermined to develop a broad program to unité "native- born white Christians for concerted actions in the préservation of American institutions and the supremacy of the whiterace." By the time that the war was over, the Klan was in aposition to make capital of the racial animosities that haddeveloped during the conflict itself . Racial conflicts had brok-en ont in many places during the war; and before the conférence at Versailles was over race riots in the United Stateshad brought about what can accurately be described as the"long, hot summer" of 1919.If anything, the military opérations which aimed to savethe world for democracy merely fixed more permanently theracial séparation in the United States. Negro soldiers notonly constituted entirely separate fighting units in the UnitedStates Army, but, once overseas, were assigned to fightingunits with the French Army. Negroes who sought service withthe United States Marines or the Air Force were rejected,while the Navy relegated them to menial duties. The reactionof many Negroes was bitter, but most of the leaders, includ-ing Du Bois, counseled patience and loyalty. They continuedto hope that their show of patriotism would win for them asecure place of acceptance as Americans.Few Negro Americans could hâve anticipated the whole-sale rejection they experienced at the conclusion of WorldWar I. Returning Negro soldiers were lynched by hangingand burning, even while still in their military uniforms. TheKlan warned Negroes that they must respect the rights ofthe white race "in whose country they are permitted to réside." Racial conflicts swept the country, and neither fédéralnor state governments seemed interested in effective intervention. The worlds of race were growing further apart inthe postwar décade. Nothing indicated this more clearly thanthe growth of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, led by Marcus Garvey. From a mère handful of members at the end of the war, the Garvey movement rapidlybecame the largest secular Negro group ever organized inthe United States. Although few Negroes were interested insettling in Africa— the expressed aim of Garvey— they joinedthe movement by the hundreds of thousands to indicate theirresentment of the racial duality that seemed to them to bethe central feature of the American social order.More realistic and hardheaded were the Negroes who weremore determined than ever to engage in the most desperatefight of their lives to destroy racism in the United States. Asthe editor of the Crisis said in 1919, "We return from fight-14ing. We return fighting. Make way for Democracy! We savedit in France, and by the Great Jehovah, we will save it inthe U.S.A., or know the reason why." This was the spiritof what Alain Locke called "The New Negro." He foughtthe Démocratie white primary, made war on the whites whoconsigned him to the ghetto, attacked racial discriminationin employment, and pressed for législation to protect hisrights. If he was seldom successful during the postwar décadeand the dépression, he made it quite clear that he was un-alterably opposed to the un- American character of the twoworlds of race.Hope for a new assault on racism was kindled by some ofthe New Deal policies of Franklin D. Roosevelt. As membersof the economically disadvantaged group, Negroes benefitedfrom relief and recovery législation. Most of it, however,recognized the existence of the two worlds of race and ac-commodated itself to it. Frequently bread lines and soupkitchens were separated on the basis of race. There wasagrégation in the employment services, while many newagencies recognized and bowed to Jim Crow. Wheneveragencies, such as the Farm Security Administration, foughtagrégation and sought to deal with people on the basis of their needs rather than race they came under the witheringtire of the racist critics and seldom escaped alive. Winds ofchange, however slight, were discernible, and nowhere wasthis in greater évidence than in the new labor unions. Groupslike the Congress of Industrial Organizations, encouraged bythe support of the Wagner Labor Relations Act, began to lookat manpower resources as a whole and to attack the old racialpolicies that viewed labor in terms of race.As World War II approached, Negroes schooled in theexpériences of the nineteen-twenties and thirties were un-willing to see the fight against Nazism carried on in the con-text of an American racist ideology. Some white Americanswere likewise uncomfortable in the rôle of freeing Europeof a racism which still permeated the United States; but itwas the Negroes who dramatized American inconsistencyby demanding an end to discrimination in employment indéfense industries. By threatening to march on Washingtonin 1941 they forced the Président to issue an order forbid-ding such discrimination. The opposition was loud andstrong. Some state governors denounced the order, and somemanufacturers skillfully evaded it. But it was a significantstep tôward the élimination of the two worlds.During World War II the assault on racism continued.Negroes, more than a million of whom were enlisted in thearmed services, bitterly fought discrimination and ségrégation. The armed services were, for the most part, two quitedistinct racial worlds. Some Negro units had white officers,and much of the officer training was desegregated. But it wasnot until the final months of the war that a deliberate experi-ment was undertaken to involve Negro and white enlistedmen in the same fighting unit. With the success of the experi-ment and with the warm glow of victory over Nazism as abackdrop, there was greater inclination to recognize the ab-surdity of maintaining a racially separate military force toprotect the freedoms of the country.During the war there began the greatest migration in thehistory of Negro Americans. Hundreds of thousands leftthe South for the industrial centers of the North and West.In those places they met hostility, but they also secured employment in aviation plants, automobile factories, steel mills,and numerous other industries. Their difficulties persisted asthey faced problems of housing and adjustment. But theycontinued to move out of the South in such large numbersthat by 1965 one third of the twenty million Negroes in the15United States lived in twelve metropolitan centers of theNorth and West. The ramifications of such large-scale migration were numerous. The concentration of Negroes in communities where they suffered no political disabilities placedin their hands an enormous amount of political power. Con-sequently, some of them went to the législatures, to Congress,and to positions on the judiciary. In turn, this won for thempolitical respect as well as législation that greatly strength-ened their position as citizens.F.A. ollowing World War II there was a marked accélérationin the war against the two worlds of race in the United States.In 1944 the Suprême Court ruled against ségrégation in inter-state transportation, and three years later it wrote the finalchapter in the war against the Démocratie white primary. In1947 the Présidents Committee on Civil Rights called forthe "élimination of ségrégation, based on race, color, creed,or national origin, from American life." In the following yearPrésident Truman asked Congress to establish a permanentFair Employment Practices Commission. At the same timehe took steps to eliminate ségrégation in the armed services.Thèse moves on the part of the judicial and executivebranches of the fédéral government by no means destroyedthe two worlds of race, but they created a more healthyclimate in which the government and others could launchan attack on racial separatism.The attack was greatly strengthened by the new position ofworld leadership that the United States assumed at the closeof the war. Critics of the United States were quick to point tothe inconsistencies of an American position that spokeagainst racism abroad and countenanced it at home. Newnations, brown and black, seemed reluctant to follow thelead of a country that adhered to its policy of maintainingtwo worlds of race— the one identified with the old colonialruling powers and the other with the colonies now emergingas independent nations. Responsible leaders in the UnitedStates saw the weakness of their position, and some of themmade new moves to repair it.Civic and religious groups, some labor organizations, andmany individuals from the white community began to join inthe effort to destroy ségrégation and discrimination in American life. There was no danger, after World War II, that Negroes would ever again stand alone in their fight. Theolder interracial organizations continued, but they werejoined by new ones. In addition to the numerous groups thatincluded racial equality in their over-all programs, there wereothers that made the création of one racial world their principal objective. Among them were the Congress of RacialEquality, the Southern Christian Leadership Conférence,and the Student Non- Violent Coordinating Committee.Those in existence in the 1950's supported the court actionthat brought about the décision against segregated schools.The more récent ones hâve taken the lead in pressing for newlégislation and in developing new techniques to be used inthe war on ségrégation.T_A_ he most powerful direct force in the maintenance of thetwo worlds of race has been the state and its political subdivisions. In states and communities where racial séparationand discrimination are basic to the way of life, the electedofficiais invariably pledge themselves to the perpétuationof the duality. Indeed, candidates frequently vie with oneanother in their effort to occupy the most extrême segrega-tionist position possible on the race question. Appointedofficiais, including the constabulary and, not infrequently,the teachers and school administrators, become auxiliaryguardians of the System of racial séparation. In such communities Negroes occupy no policy-making positions, exer-16cise no influence over the détermination of policy, and areseldom even on the police force. State and local resources,including tax funds, are at the disposai of those who guardthe system of ségrégation and discrimination; and such fundsare used to enforce customs as well as laws and to disseminateinformation in support of the system.The white community itself acts as a guardian of the segregated system. Schooled in the specious arguments that assertthe supremacy of the white race and fearful that a destruction of the system would be harmful to their own position,they not only "go along" with it but, in many cases, enthusi-astically support it. Community sanctions are so powerful,moreover, that the independent citizen who would defy theestablished order would find himself not only ostracized but,worse, the target of économie and political reprisais.Within the community many self-appointed guardians ofwhite supremacy hâve emerged at various times. After theCivil War and after World War I it was the Ku Klux Klan,which has shown surprising strength in récent years. Afterthe desegregation décision of the Suprême Court in 1954 itwas the White Citizens' Council, which one Southern editorhas called the "uptown Ku Klux Klan." From time to timesince 1365, it has been the political démagogue, who hasnot only made capital by urging his élection as a sure wayto maintain the system but has also encouraged the less re-sponsible éléments of the community to take the law intotheir own hands.Violence, so much a part of American history and particularly of Southern history, has been an important factor inmaintaining the two worlds of race. Intimidation, terror,lynchings, and riots hâve, in succession, been the handmaidenof political entities whose officiais hâve been unwilling orunable to put an end to it. Violence drove Negroes fromthe poils in the 1870's and has kept them away in drovessince that time. Lynchings, the spectacular rope and faggotkind or the quiet kind of merely "doing away" with someinsubordinate Negro, hâve served their spécial purpose interrorizing whole communities of Negroes. Riots, confinedto no section of the country, hâve demonstrated how explosive the racial situation can be in urban communities bur-dened with the strain of racial strife.The heavy hand of history has been a powerful force in theMaintenance of a segregated society and, conversely, in therésistance to change. Americans, especially Southerners whose dévotion to the past is unmatched by that of anyothers, hâve summoned history to support their argumentsthat age-old practices and institutions cannot be changedovernight, that social practices cannot be changed by législation. Southerners hâve argued that desegregation wouldbreak down long-established customs and bring instabilityto a social order that, if left alone, would hâve no seriousracial or social disorders. After ail, Southern whites "know"Negroes; and their knowledge has corne from many générations of intimate association and observation, they insist.White Southerners hâve also summoned history to supportthem in their résistance to fédéral législation designed tosecure the civil rights of Negroes. At every level-in localgroups, state governments, and in Congress— white Southerners hâve asserted that fédéral civil rights législation is anattempt to turn back the clock to the Reconstruction era,when fédéral intervention, they claim, imposed a harsh andunjust peace. To make effective their argument, they usesuch emotion-laden phrases as "military occupation," "Negro rule," and "black-out of honest government." Americansother than Southerners hâve been frightened by the Southerners' claim that civil rights for Negroes would cause areturn to the "evils" of Reconstruction. Insecure in their ownknowledge of history, they hâve accepted the erroneous assertions about the "disaster" of radical rule after the Civil17War and the vengeful punishment meted out to the Southby the Negro and his white allies. Regardless of the meritsof thèse arguments that seern specious on the face of them—to say nothing of their historical inaccuracy— they hâveserved as effective brakes on the drive to destroy ihe twoworlds of race.One suspects, however, that racial bigotry has become moreexpensive in récent years. It is not so easy now as it oncewas to make political capital out of the race problem, evenin the deep South. Local citizens— farmers, îaborers, manufacturera— hâve become a bit weary of the promises of thedémagogue that he will préserve the integrity of the races ifhe is, at the same time, unable to persuade investors to buildfactories and bring capital to their communities. Some Southerners, dépendent on tourists, are not certain that theirvaunted racial pride is so dear, if it keeps visitors away andbrings dépression to their economy. The cities that see them-selves bypassed by a prospective manufacturer because oftheir réputation in the field of race relations might hâve somesober second thoughts about the importance of maintainingtheir two worlds. In a word, the économies of ségrégationand discrimination is forcing, in some quarters, a reconsidera-tion of the problem. .It must be added that the existence of the two worlds ofrace has created forces that cause some Negroes to seek itsperpétuation. Some Negro institutions, the product of a dualsociety, hâve vested interests in the perpétuation of that society. And Negroes who fear the destruction of their owninstitutions by desegregation are encouraged by white raciststo fîght for their maintenance. Even where Negroes hâve adésire to maintain their institutions because of their honestcommitment to the merits of cultural pluralism, the désirebecomes a strident strugglè for survival in the context ofracist forces that seek with a vengeance to destroy such institutions. The firing of a few hundred Negro school teachersby a zealous, raciaîly-oriented school board forces somesecond thoughts on the part of the Negroes regarding themerits of desegregation.JL. he drive to destroy the two worlds of race has reacheda new, dramatic, and somewhat explosive stage in récentyears. The forces arrayed in behaîf of maintaining thèse twoworlds hâve been subjected to ceaseless and powerful at-tacks by the increasing numbers committed to the élimination of racism in American life. Through techniques ofdemonstrating, picketing, sitting-in, and boycotting they hâvenot only harassed their foes but marshaled their forces.Realizing that another ingrédient was needed, they hâvepressed for new and better laws and the active support ofgovernment. At the local and state levels they began to securelégislation in the 1940's to guarantee the civil rights of ail,eliminate discrimination in employment, and achieve décentpublic and private housing for ail. While it is not possible to measure the influence of publicopinion in the drive for equality, it can hardly be deniedthat over the past five or six years public opinion has shcwn amarked shift toward vigorous support of the civil rightsmovement. This can be seen in the manner in which themass-circulation magazines as well as influential newspaperseven in the South, hâve stepped up their support of spécifiemeasures that hâve as their objective the élimination of atleast the worst features of racism. The discussion of theproblem of race over radio and télévision and the use ofthèse média in reporting newsworthy and dramatic events inthe world of race undoubtedly hâve had some impact. If suchactivities hâve not brought about the enactment of civil rightslégislation, they hâve doubtless stimuiated the public discussion that culminated in such législation.The models of city ordinances and state laws and the in~creased political influence of civil rights advocates stimuiatednew action on the fédéral level. Civil rights acts weré passedin 1957, 1960, and 1964— after alrnost complète fédéralinactivity in this sphère for more than three quarters of acentury. Strong leadership on the part of the executive andfavorable judicial interprétations of old as well as new lawshâve made it clear that the war against the two worlds ofrace now enjoys the sanction of the law and its interpreters.In many respects this constitutes the most significant devel-opment in the strugglè against racism in the présent century.The reading of American history over the past two centuries impresses one with the f act that ambivalence on thecrucial question of equality has persisted almost frem thebeginning. If the term "equal rights for ail" has not alwaysmeant what it appeared to mean, the inconsistencies and theparadoxes hâve become increasingly apparent. This is notto say that the view that "equal rights for some" has disap-peared or has even ceased to be a threat to the concept ofreal equality. It is to say, however, that the voices supportinginequality, while no less strident, hâve been significantlyweakened by the very force of the numbers and élémentsnow seeking to eliminate the two worlds of race. ^18Tiie NewStagg Field_/"\ major program has been launched by the Universityto expand and to relocate its athletic facilities for studentsand faculty. The announcement was made on November 24,1965, by Walter L. Hass, Chairman of the University'sDepartment of Physical Education and Director of Athlet-ics, and Warner A. Wick, Dean of Students. The mainpoints in the new program: (1) the relocation of Stagg Fieldto the western end of a four block area bounded by 55thand 56th Streets and Cottage Grove and Ellis Avenues;(2) the construction, in that area, of other athletic facilities,including a new men's gymnasium and a swimming pool;(3) the development of major student résidence halls andextensive related facilities in the adjacent area; and (4) theconversion of Bartlett Gymnasium for the use of women.In support of the expansion and relocation plan, PrésidentGeorge W. Beadle said, "The University of Chicago hasalways been committed to a strong, broad-gauged athleticprogram. An urban university such as Chicago must provide its students and faculty with adéquate and modemfacilities for récréation and physical éducation." Dean Wick added, "The athletic program at Chicagomust be unusually comprehensive in order to meet ourspécial needs. At Chicago, two students out of three aregraduate students. We also hâve a very large faculty andresearch staff in proportion to our student population, andthey too need opportunities to enjoy what we call theiifetime' sports."The présent athletic plant is insufficient to meet the needsof the University. According to Mr. Hass, "it is busy everyday from early morning until nearly midnight." Chicagofields teams in eleven inter-collegiate sports — baseball,basketball, cross-country, fencing, golf, gymnastics, soccer,swimming, tennis, wrestling, and track and field. A student-operated rugby team schedules events against collège andcommunity teams in the Midwest, and the University football class scrimmages nearby collèges. Finally, there is anextensive intramural program. In 1964-65, a total of 638teams played sixteen sports in the three leagues (Collège,Divisional, and Fraternity).The new athletic field will include a combination football-soccer field within a 440-yard running track. In addition,the overall athletic development program is expected toprovide four touch football-softball fields, each 120 by240 feet, and ten regulation-sized varsity tennis courts.The proposed gymnasium will seat 2500 spectators andwill house four basketball courts, ten squash courts, twohandball courts, and rooms for gymnastics, wrestling, judo,fencing, and weight training. An enclosed olympic-sizedswimming pool, built near the gymnasium, will be openfor year-round use. Also planned for the future are an ice-skating rink and a bowling alley. ?19Quadrangle NewsNegro Career Training— The GraduateSchool of Business, in coopération witha group of nationally known companies,has undertaken a program aimed athelping Negro collège graduâtes préparefor careers in business. "We are re-sponding to a need," said George P.Schultz, Dean of the School. "The présent opportunities for Negroes trainedfor management positions far exceedthe number of such men and womeneducated for a career in management.The program offers the business firm anopportunity to assist Negro graduâtes toenter the mainstream of American Business management. The program alsooffers the student the financial means toundertake professional préparation forsuch a career." The program offers bothfinancial aid, given by participatingfirms for students' tuition and living ex-penses, and an internship-aid plan. Theinternship is offered the summer priorto the student's admission to the Schooland the summer between his two yearsof study. No commitment on post-grad-uate employment is made by the studentaccepting or the company offering suchan internship. Admission to the programis based on a student's aptitude and ca-pacity for business study, but studentswho hâve completed undergraduatework in any field are considered. Participating companies are BrunswickCorp.; Carson, Pirie Scott and Co.;Commonwealth Edison Co.; First National Bank of Chicago; Hart, Shaffner& Marx; Inland Steel Co.; InternationalBusiness Machines Corp.; Procter &Gamble Co.; Standard Oil of New Jersey; Socony-Mobil Oil; Spiegel, Inc.;Touche, Ross, Baily & Smart; andUnited Airlines.New Antibiotic — A substance producedby a microorganism and found effectivein killing many kinds of fungi has beendiscovered by Edward D. Garber, Professor of Botany. The substance, not yetnamed or identified chemically, cornesfrom a microorganism which is a distant relative of the one which produces streptomycin. It was discovered as in-advertently as penicillin was in 1929—when a fungus failed to grow on partof a laboratory plate.In tests on mice the new antibiotic ap-peared to be nontoxic, and it preventedhistoplasmosis, a serious and widespreadinternai fungus disease in man, accord-ing to findings of John W. Rippon,Assistant Professor of Dermatology.More than 30 million persons in theU. S. are believed to hâve had histoplasmosis, which often resembles anordinary respiratory infection. Aboutone-tenth of the cases become chronicand are serious médical problems because they invite secondary infections.The antibiotic has been found effectiveagainst a number of other, less commoninternai fungus infections, as well as certain fungus-caused diseases in plants.Gertrude DudleyDudley Foundation Dissolves— The Gertrude Dudley Foundation, honoring thewoman who was head of the Women'sPhysical Education Department from1898 to 1935, was officially dissolvedearly this year. Miss Florence E. Clark,'12, AM'36, longtime secretary of theFoundation, said that members are nowscattered across the country and unableto carry on the Foundation's work effec-tively. Several former members of theFoundation are seeking an appropriatecampus mémorial for Gertrude Dudley,Miss Clark reported. The Foundationsponsored lectures by distinguishedwomen until 1957, when it converted tosponsoring scholarships. The Foundation's records hâve been placed in thefiles of the Alumni Association, and areavailable to former Foundation members and other interested persons. New Diagnostic Tool— A new instrumentcalled a "scintillation caméra" may hâvesaved the life of a patient seriously il]with an ailment that could not be diag-nosed. Dr. Alexander GottschalkAssistant Professor of Radiology andDirector of the Section of Nuclear Med-icine, says that the caméra detected inthe liver of a 63-year-old woman patient, a large abscess which had not beenrevealed by a previous médical exami-nation. An opération proved that thediagnosis was correct, and after the abscess was drained the patient recovered.Dr. Gottschalk explained that the scintillation caméra produces an image of aninternai organ after the patient has beengiven a dosage of a radioactive substance. Its chief advantage over the con-ventional isotope scanner is its speed ofopération. It reduces examination timeby 90% or more and can, therefore, beused on patients who are too ill for thehour-long exposures which are fre-quently necessary with the conventionalscanner.The new caméra was developed by HalO. Anger at the Donner Laboratory ofThe University of California. Dr. Gottschalk, who was then also at the Donner Laboratory, was the first to use thecaméra with patients in 1962. In Au-gust, 1964, he returned to Chicago,where he had earlier been a Résidentin the Department of Radiology, to continue his clinical studies with the scintillation caméra. Dr. Gottschalk describedhis most récent case in the May 10,1965, issue of the Journal of the American Médical Association.Science Conférence— More than 400 out-standing physicists, including severalNobel Lauréates, attended a conférenceon particle physics at Argonne NationalLaboratory in October. Invitations weresent to theoretical and expérimental sci-entists from 50 universities and otherresearch centers in the United States and12 European and Asian countries. Thepurpose of the conférence was to fosteran exchange of information on récentdevelopments in the study of "weak interactions." Weak interactions occurwhen sub-nuclear particles are producedin the bombardment of matter by veryhigh energy accelerators. They also occur in the ordinary "beta decay" of aradioactive élément, and thus they hâvea major function in the sub-nuclearstructure of matter. The conférence wassponsored jointly by the InternationalUnion of Pure and Applied Physics andArgonne National Laboratory, which isoperated by the University for the U. S.Atomic Energy Commission.20 vSilas Edman, General Manager of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra,Jear Martinon, Music Director of the Orchestra, and Léonard Meyer,Professor and Chairman of the University's Department of Music.Music Grant— The University of Chicago has received a three-year grant of$60,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation to bring the Chicago SymphonyOrchestra to the campus for a séries ofconcerts of contemporary music. Con-ducted by its Music Director, Jean Martinon, the Orchestra will présent pro-grams during the next three seasons. Theestablishment of the program will en-able rhe University to commission original orks by young American composer in honor of the 75th Anniversary ofits founding in 1891. The Orchestra,which is also celebrating its 75th Anniversary, is planning to commission atleast one original work under the program.Last year's program, made possible bya $15,000 grant from the RockefellerFoundation, included two works per-formed for the first time. They areArcana by Edgar Varese and ThreeMovements for Orchestra by GeorgePerle. Léonard Meyer, Professor andChairman of the University's Department of Music, said, "The success oflast year's program leads us to hope thatthe next three years will continue thatsuccess and add to it. We are grateful tothe Rockefeller Foundation for this évidence of continuing confidence in whatwe are doing, and for enabling us tocommission works. We hope to makeChicago an exciting center for music."The first concert will be given in thespring quarter of 1966. The Origin of Man (cont.)— Louis S. B.Leakey, Hon. Director of the NationalMuséum for Prehistory and Palaeontol-ogy in Nairobi, Kenya, was one of themany leading anthropologists who at-tended the "Origin of Man" conférenceat the Center for Continuing Educationlast April. Dr. Leakey's paper, "FactsInstead of Dogmas on Man's Origin,"aroused a heated discussion on the interprétation of certain fossil remains un-earthed by Dr. Leakey at Olduvai Gorgein East Africa. The May, 1965, issue ofthe Magazine included an article on theconférence. Dr. Leakey has revised aportion of the article to state moreclearly his position and the relevance ofhis important findings to the field ofanthropology and to evolutionarytheory. Dr. Leakey writes:"May I suggest that you should, in another issue of the Magazine, say that Dr.Leakey sends the following résumé?"Louis S. B. Leakey's opening talk on'Facts Instead of Dogmas on Man'sOrigin' called for a serious re-evaluationof currently accepted théories, whichhold that Homo Sapiens, or modemman, evolved from the Pithecanthropinetype of Hominid, which in turn wasevolved from an Australopithecine typeof Hominid, which in its turn came froman ape. Contradicting thèse views, Dr.Leakey pointed out that there was nowclear évidence of the co-existence of a'near-man,' Zinjanthropus, and an an-cestral man, Homo habilis, from about two million years ago and for the nextmillion or more years. He showed thatwhile Zinjanthropus was closely similarto other extinct Australopithecines ofSouth Africa and disappeared withthem, Homo habilis had morphologicalcharacters indicating that it could be thedirect ancestor of modem man."Dr. Leakey went on to point out thatin the 'LLK skull' from the top of BedII at Olduvai, and in a new skull whichhe briefly described from the base ofBed II at Maiko Gully, there was évidence of the co-existence, for a part ofthe time, not only of Homo habilis andZinjanthropus, but of a third, or AfricanPithecanthropicine type. AH this évidence gives the lie to the previously accepted simple evolutionary picture ofman's rise to his présent status."Other anthropolgists, continuing withtheir conservative opposition, disputedDr. Leakey's view that three Hominidsexisted simultaneously, but accepted theco-existence of two. Professor John T.Robinson of the University of Wiscon-sin claimed that the différences noted byDr. Leakey between various Homo habilis skulls and those of Australopithecines, could be regarded as not morethan variations within a single genus,and he was not prepared to accept thatHomo habilis represented the genusHomo."Anthropologists are generally relue -tant to discard the présent theory ofHominid évolution by simple steps andstill more so to accept the idea of twoor three contemporary Hominids, because this makes it more difficult to décide which of the contemporary Hominids were the makers of the many toolswhich hâve been found in deposits of theremote periods being discussed."It was noted that Dr. Leakey's claimthat there were three and not two contemporary Hominids in Bed II at Olduvai still further complicated the problemwhich now had to be elucidated."Thanksgiving Program— Ten Illinoistowns extended hospitality to 400 for-eign students on Thanksgiving weekend.The students, ail of whom attend collèges and universities in the Chicagoarea, spent the four-day holiday withAmerican host families throughout thestate. The program was sponsored bythe International Fellowship Committee, administered by International Houseat The University of Chicago. Funds tosupport it are raised within the partici-pating communities. Jack C. Kerridge,Director of International House and Ad-visor to Foreign Visitors at the University, says the program is the largest ofits kind in the United States.21Faculty and Staff Notes— Walter J.Blum, '39, JD'41, Professor of Law hasbeen appointed to serve on the Substan-tive Tax Reform Committee of theAmerican Bar Association.Harold J. Boike, former Director ofGeneral Services at the University ofOklahoma Médical Center, has been appointed Director of Housekeeping atThe University of Chicago Hospitalsand Clinics.Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, theMorton D. Hull Distinguished ServiceProfessor in the Department of Astron-omy and Physics and in the EnricoFerrni Institute for Nuclear Studies, re-ceived an honorary DSc degree fromIndiana Institute of Technology on De-cember 4, 1965.Harold B. Dunkel, '32, PhD'37, Professor of Education, has been awardeda fellowship to the Center for AdvancedStudy in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California.Dr. George Eisenman, former Associ-ate Professor of Physiology at the University of Utah Médical School, hasbeen appointed Professor of Physiologyin the Division of the Biological Sciences.Ignace J. Gelb, Professor in the Oriental Institute and the Department ofLinguistics, has been named the FrankP. Hixon Distinguished Service Professor. The professorship, established in1929 to perpetuate the memory of aWisconsin lumber executive and philan-thropist, was last held by the late SamuelK. Allison, Director of the Enrico FermiInstitute for Nuclear Studies.Robert L. Kahn, a research psycholo-gist formerly based at Montefiore Hos-pital and Médical Center in New York,has been named Associate Professor inthe Department of Psychiatry. He washead of the Section on Psychology of theDivision of Psychiatry at Montefiore.Hans W. Mattick, '48, AM'56, Director of the Chicago Youth DevelopmentProject, an action-research program ondelinquency, has been appointed Associate Director of the Center for Studiesin Criminal Justice at the Law School.Although he will not fully assume hisnew duties until October, 1966, he isnow a consultant to the Center.Professor Hans J. Morgenthau, Director of the Center for the Study of American Foreign and Military Policy at theUniversity, debated on "U. S. ForeignPolicy in the Far East" on November30, at the John B. Murphy Auditoriumin Chicago. His opponent was ZbigniewBrzezinski, director of the Research Institute on Communist Affairs at Colum-bia University. The debate was spon sored by the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations.Margaret E. Perry, Associate Directorof Admissions, has been elected to theExecutive Board of the Association ofCollège Admissions Counselors. She alsowas appointed Chairman of its Publications Board.Allen W. Phillips, Associate Professorof Spanish, is the author of Estudios yNotas, a collection of essays on Spanish-American poets.Mrs. Anita Sandke has been appointedAssistant Dean of Students. She willcontinue to hold her office of Directorof Career Counseling and Placement.George P. Shultz, Professor and Deanof the Graduate School of Business, hasbeen appointed chairman of an Employment Service Task Force by U. S. Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz. ArnoldR. Weber, Professor of Industrial Relations, is the vice chairman. The taskforce will review the opération of theFédéral Employment Service and rec-ommend législative or administrativeimprovements.Herman L. Sinaiko, '47, PhD'61,Assistant Professor of Humanities in theCollège, has pubiished Love, Knowledgeand Discourse in Plato.Peter J. Wyllie, Professor of Petrologyand Geochemistry, has received theMineralogical Society of AmericaAward for outstanding research. Theaward is given annually to a scientistunder 35 who has made significant contributions to knowledge.Women 's Auxiliary Show— Volunteersand members of the women's auxiliariesof The University of Chicago médicalcenter viewed a performance honoringtheir work on Wednesday, November17. The production, a spoof on télévisionaudience participation shows, was en-titled "Hearts in the Hospital." It waswritten and directed by Mrs. George W.Beadle, wife of the University's Président, and sponsored by the AuxiliaryCommittee of the University's Hospitalsand Clinics. Among the représentativesof the auxiliaries to appear was Mrs.Philip C. White, président of the Boardof Directors of The Chicago Lying-inHospital. Her husband, Philip C. White,'35, PhD '38, is président of the AlumniAssociation.Emergency Médical Team— A Universitymédical team of sixty persons respondedto a midnight appeal on November 17to care for six children who had beenseriously injured in a fire. The team,which included 35 doctors and 25nurses, aides, and technicians, worked through the night at The University 0fChicago Hospitals to care for the children. Dr. Samuel Andelman, Commis.sioner of the Chicago Health Départ-ment, said, "I am gratified to learn ofthe immédiate, dramatic and effectiveresponse of the médical teams at TheUniversity of Chicago Hospitals to theserious needs of six young Chicagoanswho were fire victims. A disaster plandeveloped by the University with theassistance of the Chicago Board ofHealth, was put into effect hurriedly tosave lives and to minimize injuries. It istremendously reassuring to me as HealthCommissioner to know that Chicago hassuch a complément of Good Samaritanswho will respond to an emergency callin such splendid fashion."Curriculum Study— Research and planning to develop an entirely new curriculum hâve brought nine educators fromIsraël and one each from India andKorea to The University of Chicago.Under the directorship of Benjamin S.Bloom, Professor of Education at theUniversity, the study will, in his words,focus upon "the curriculum of the future. . . created as a cohérent and interre-lated whole." "Our présent curriculumis obsolète," Bloom says, "because it wasevolved for conditions and purposes ofa world which no longer exists. No onedisputes the existence of new forces andnew problems, but there is little récognition that éducation must be recon-structed if young people are to face thenew times successfully. Curriculum planning is as urgent for the future as planning of water resources, urban change,or any of the other material problemswith which we are concerned."The educators will take courses relatedto their spécial interests and prospectiveresponsibilities in their own countries,but the emphasis will be on an individualtutorial program under a University faculty member. To supplément this intensive training, a séries of seminars will beconducted by leading American expertson social change, learning theory, andeducational philosophy. During the yeareach of the participants will construct anexpérimental curriculum in a single sub-ject.Participation by the Israeli educatorsreflects their government's belief thatsubstantial changes in éducation willsoon be necessary in a country which hasrecently adopted an industrial economy.The group will use the study as a basisfor its efforts to organize and to direct acurriculum development and researchcenter which will be Israël' s agency forachieving the contemplated reorganization.22Genetic Disease Findings— Scientists atthe Argonne National Laboratory, oper-ated by The University of Chicago forthe U. S. Atomic Energy Commission,hâve succeeded in putting together thefirst pièces of a jigsaw picture whichcould reveal the true nature of diseasesthat science so far can do little about—inherited abnormalities that distort thechemistry of the living system.The Argonne scientist, Senior Bio-chemist Dr. Robert N. Feinstein, ex-plaids that thèse abnormalities are gênerai y known as "inborn errors ofme'tabolism." Many of them can lead toserious mental and physical disabilitiesin humans, resulting in feeble minded-ness or even death at an early âge. Atleast twenty-five of thèse disabilitieshâve been clearly identified, but scientists believe there may be many more.One of the most familiar is phenylketon-uria or "PKU," an inability to metabo-lize a common amino acid. Unless thiscondition is recognized immediatelyafter birth and a spécial diet is started,serious brain damage will occur. Inhumans, incidence of PKU is believedto be from 1 in 15,000 to 1 in 40,000.One problem in studying PKU andother biochemical disturbances is thatuntil recently it has been impossible tofind genetic counterparts of thèse diseases in laboratory animais. Researchwith animais is essential to enable scientists to locate the ultimate causes of thèsediseases and do something about them.This picture has now become a bitbrighter because of the discovery at Argonne of a spécifie genetic biochemicaldefe in mice. This discovery— the firstinstance of a spécifie defect deliberatelysought and found — was made by Dr.Feinstein. The Argonne scientist hasproduced a strain of mice that hâveblood almost completely lacking in cata-lase, an enzyme présent in almost ailliving animais. This means that an animal counterpart of a genetic biochemical defect in man has been established.This condition, acatalasemia, is simi-lar to a very rare human mutation.Acatalasemia is not a serious disease inthat it does not seem to harm humans ormice who hâve it. However, because itresembles other serious genetic disturbances, an understanding of acatalasemiashould be important in helping scientistsunderstand the true nature of thèse biochemical malfunctions. But Dr. Fein-stein's success may hâve an even moreimportant meaning to médical sciencejn that it establishes a method of obtain-•ng expérimental animais for studyinggenetic diseases which are very difRcult,tf not impossible, to study in humans. 5port5hort5Basketball— On December 4th The University of Chicago opened its sixty-eighth basketball season with a 60-52win over Lake Forest (111.) Collège.Varsity coach Joseph M. Stampf be-lieves his experienced team will be consistent winners this year. Four of thefive starters are returning lettermen.They are: Kenneth B. Hoganson, a 6'5"junior from Dearborn, Mich.; DouglasL. Petersen, a 6'3" junior from Worth-ington, Minn.; Stagg Scholar Martin C.Campbell, a 6'5" sophomore from Evans-ton and last year's leading scorer; andsophomore William Pearson, anotherStagg Scholar from Noblesville, Ind.Several promising freshmen add depthto the talented roster. Practice for thetwenty-man team began on October 15,1965, and Coach Stampf reports asteady improvement through three pre-season exhibition games. Cross Country — O n November 20,twelve varsity men competed in theNAAU Junior 10,000 meter champion-ship of the United States. This meet wassponsored by the University of ChicagoTrack Club and was held on the Washington Park course. The UCTC won theteam championship with a score of 33points. Seven varsity harriers partici-pated in the NCAA Collège DivisionCross Country Championships held atWheaton Collège (111.) on November13. Chicago placed 16th out of 28 collèges and universities which entered fullteams. On November 23, the University's Fourth Annual Turkey Trot intra-mural cross country race was held inWashington Park. The winners— VincentHouse (Collège), Coulter House (Divi-sional) and Psi Upsilon (fraternity)-each received an 18-pound turkey.Soccer— The University of Chicagoended its varsity soccer season with a 2-won, 8-lost record. On November 10,1965, the Maroon team lost a close,hard fought game to the Torchbearersof Roosevelt University. The score was2-0. Two days later, however, coachVendl's forces rebounded with a 3-2team victory over the Dayton Flyers atBaujan Field in Dayton, Ohio. Thebrightest note in the season was the sen-sational défensive playing of freshmangoalie David Gale, who was creditedwith 171 saves in the ten game schedule.Stagg Scholars William W. Pearson (#54) from Noblesville, lnd.; Dennis Sienko (#15) fromChicago; Martin C. Campbell (#52) from Evanston, III.; and Randy Talan (#32) from Chicago.23ProfilesERNEST SAMUELSIn May the 1965 Pulitzer Prize in Bi-ography was awarded to Ernest Samuelsfor his book, Henry A dams: The MajorPhase, the third and final volume of whatis already regarded as the définitive studyof one of America's most interestingfigures. Henry Adams— historian, phi-24 losopher, novelist, scholar, and prophet—has for twenty-three years been theprovince of Professor Samuels. TheYoung Henry Adams was pubiished in1948 and was followed ten years laterby Henry Adams: The Middle Years,winner of both the Francis Parkmanprize of the Society of American Historians and the Bancroft Prize of Co-lumbia University.Holder of four degrees (PhB'23, JD'26,AM'31, PhD'42) from The Universityof Chicago, Professor Samuels began hiscareer as an attorney in El Paso, Texas,in 1928. In 1931 he returned to Chicagoto become director of business Englishat the Bryant and Stratton Collège, andto continue his légal career. In 1937 hetook a vacation which was to change thedirection of life: "I was on a fishing tripin Minnesota, and not catching manyfish, when I decided that corporate reorganization law was not for me." Hegave up his successful practice, ostensiblyto dévote himself to a familiar literaryenterprise— writing "the great Americannovel." After two years as an Englishinstructor at the State Collège of Washington, Samuels returned to the University in 1939 to earn his PhD. Since hisgraduation in 1942 he has been on thefaculty at Northwestern Universitywhere he is currently professor andchairman of the Department of English.Professor Samuels' major interest canbe traced back to his doctoral dissertation, entitled "The Early Career of HenryAdams." He says, "Although I didn'twrite the great American novel as I washoping, perhaps it is true that the truthis more interesting than fiction." Yet,perhaps because of the complex natureof his subject, Professor Samuels has nothad to repudiate completely his literarybent. Several reviewers hâve commentedon the stylistic virtues of his works onAdams— books which are now novel,now history, hère criticism, and therebiography. He describes the resuit as"like a painting in which the color is laidon stroke by stroke."Samuels says, "Since this is a criticalbiography on a very large scale, there is no main thesis or Une . . . My narrativetries to recreate a significant and complex career and mind by a process ofilluminating détail." Nevertheless, a central idea does inform the whole. Samuelsuses, as his unifying principal, Adams'lifelong préoccupation with an importantphilosophical question. It was first askedby John Locke: "The great question ....has been, not whether there be power inthe world, nor whence it came, but whoshould hâve it?" It is Samuels' belief thatAdams' efforts to find an answer to thisquestion showed the strength underlyinghis cynicism and despair. "Adams heldin his own way to John Adams' affirmation to Jefferson that in spite of theluxury and corruption of the world, 'Yetail thèse ought not to discourage us fromexertion .... I believe no effort in favorof virtue is lost! "In a sensé Samuels has tried to correctthe picture which Adams painted ofhimself, in his autobiographical Education, as a brilliant but disillusioned cynic:"Adams was possessed by that 'introversion of mind' that his friend JamesRussell Lowell saw as the constant phe-nomenon of thèse later days. He showshimself as infinitely aware of the sadnessof life, yet infinitely zestful of living;fearful of showing compassion, yet con-sumed with the désire for the goodsociety. For ail the oppressiveness of hiscultivated misanthropy, he is modemman writ large. If the flaws of the mirrorwhich he holds up to life sometimesrepel us, they also instruct us to searchout our own with as much relish— andwit."Professor Samuels has not been lulledinto inactivity by what he calls the"lyrical endorsements" of his reviewers.Henry Adams has continued to occupyhis time. Last summer he worked on astudy of Adams' correspondence withthe famous art critic and historian,Bernard Berenson. His plans for thefuture also include an édition of sélections from Adams' nine volume Historyof the United States and an édition ofthe Dégradation of the DémocratieDogma.BERNIE GROFMANBernie Grofman is this year's Président of Student Government, an ardenttournament bridge player, and a "friend-ly critic" of the University he admittedlyloves. A fourth year mathematics student in the Collège, he views his variousrôles with discernment and an almostunnervingly open mind.His principal idéal is eminently intellec-tual in nature. It is to be part of what hecalls "a community of scholars," whichis, as he describes it, much more than auniversity. A community of scholars, hefeels, dérives its unique character notfrom académie but from spiritual values.In measuring The University of Chicagoagainst his idéal, Bernie élaborâtes, "TheUniversity approaches my idéal in certain respects. There is hère that kind ofmutual intellectual respect and admiration hetween students and faculty whichis indispensable to my notion of whata community of scholars should be."There is also a strong — incrediblystrong— tradition of académie freedomhère. Students hâve the right to hearspeakers of their choice. Students hâve,to a certain extent, the right to form andto join organizations of their choice.Thèse are things which are, again, relatedparts of the proper community of scholars. Its members are viewed as independ-ent beings who are hère to learn fromeach other, and not merely from someautliority above which infuses them withthe requisite portion of knowledge. Ithink the University fails to conform tomy idéal when it fails to recognize thefact that students can contribute to itoutside the classroom."Bernie's own extra-curricular contributions hâve been primarily in the field ofstudent government. He sees studentpolitics as "potentially the best mecha-nism for involving students in the life ofthe University." Although he sees no future for himself in what he calls the"normal American political arena," hesounds, at times, suspiciously like a cam-paigner as he points with obvious prideto the accomplishments of Student Government during his term as Président.He refuses, however, to comment uponAmerican society as a whole. "It wouldbe rather frightening," he says, "if at thetender âge of 20 I had already a masterblueprint for changing the world. Although I am more than willing to discussparticular issues, I will not impose myideas on others, because I hâve not yetsufficient confidence in my own knowledge. Besides, I don't consider myself anidealogue in any sensé. I'm still in theprocess of learning, and presumably 1*11be spending the rest of my life learning."In the immédiate future, Bernie hopesto study on the graduate level in the University's Department of Political Science.He is particularly interested in applyingto Political Science "a mathematical ap-proach" similar to that used in scientificstudies of Game Theory. He feels thatmathematical analysis of Game Theoryyields certain insights into life situations,which, he says, "are in many respectslike games." His own game is tournamentBridge, and he admits to being "reason-ably good."One of his pet peeves is the UniversityBookstore: "I don't think I hâve evermet anyone hère who isn't anti-Book-store— it just doesn't hâve enough books."People who "pose false dichotomies" areanother irritant: "I get mad at peoplewho say, for example, 'We must orientto the Collège, not to the University! "A native of Chicago and a product ofAmundsen High School, where he wasValedictorian of his class and présidentof just about everything, Bernie was at-tracted to the University by its GeneralEducation Program and its atmosphèreof intellectual excitement. His hopes, hesays, hâve been "largely fulfilled." Hesees the reorganization of the Collègeand the campaign for Chicago as signsof "continuing vitality and of a willing-ness constantly to question and to criti-cize the ways of the past."^-wdml/iéwtManilaOn December 5 Professor Philip M.Hauser, Professor of Sociology and Director of the Population Research andTraining Center and the Chicago Community Inventory, met for dinner withPhilippines alumni at the Capri International in Makati. Professor HerminiaM. \ncheta, '50, secretary of the ManilaAlumni Club, was master of cérémonies.On the evening of December 7 the University of Chicago Alumni Club ofManila and the Insular Life-FGU Insurance Group co-sponsored a "Symposium on Demography," with ProfessorHauser as the speaker. Professor Hauser was introduced by Dr. Juan Salcedo,Jr., '41, Président of the Alumni Club;Dr. Maria Cid-Peralta, '52, served asmoderator. Closing remarks were by Col.Antonio J. Henson, AM'51, who co-ordinated the two events.San FranciscoGeoffrey C. Hazard, Jr., Professor ofLaw, and James M. Ratcliffe, AssistantDean of the Law School, met at a lunch-eon with San Francisco Bay area LawSchool alumni on December 8. The informai event was held at Jack's Restaurant in San Francisco.TokyoDr. Albert Dorfman, Professor andChairman of the Department of Pediat-rics, Professor of Biochemistry, andDirector of the La Rabida-Universityof Chicago Institute, and Dr. Burton J.Grossman, Associate Professor of Pedi-atrics and Médical Director of LaRabida, attended the llth InternationalCongress of Pediatrics in Tokyo in earlyNovember. On the evening of November10 the doctors met for a dinner partywith Tokyo alumni at the InternationalHouse. The affair was arranged andhosted by Juiji Kasai '13, former mayorof Tokyo and member of the House ofReprésentatives. Guests included: Mr.('42) and Mrs. Paul D. Zimmermann;Mr. Nobuyuki Horie, MBA '62; Yosh-inari Nagano, '32; Habuku Kodama, '25;Hidejiro Okuda, MAT 7; Zensuke Ishi-mura, MCL '64; Albert H. Saegusa,MBA '62; Jack D. Beem, JD'55; andMaurice Glickman, SM'52, PhD'54.Dr. Dorfman, on his return, describedTokyo alumni as "a stimulating group,greatly enthusiastic about the University!'Los AngelesDr. Léon O. Jacobson, Professor andChairman of the Department of Medi- cine and incoming dean of the Divisionof the Biological Sciences, met at a lunch-eon on December 2 with a group ofmédical alumni from the Los Angelesarea. The doctors were invited by Dr.Clayton G. Loosli, PhD'34, MD'37, tohear Dr. Jacobsen project some of hislarge and exciting plans for the future ofthe Division, including new programsind new faculty appointments. The lunch-eon marked the first time médicalalumni in the area had gathered as agroup. The event was so enthusiasticallyreceived that plans are now underwayfor a large program in the spring, towhich ail médical alumni in the area willbe invited.COMING EVENTSPhiladelphia: January 17John Rewald, Professor in the Department of Art, will speak to alumni and todistinguished guests from the Philadelphia art community on "Forgeries inModem Art" at a dinner meeting. Timeand place to be announced. Chairman:Mrs. Richard A. Davis, 21 SnowdenRoad, Bala-Cynwyd, Pa., MO 4-6544.Cleveland: January 27Norval R. Morris, the Julius KreegerProfessor of Law and Criminology andDirector of the Center of Studies inCriminal Law, meets with Clevelandarea alumni and spécial guests from theCleveland bar and bench on Thursday,January 27th. The dinner meeting willbe held in the lounge of the HigbeeCompany, downtown, tenth floor, at6:30 p. m. Professor Morris will speak on"The Prévention and Treatment ofDelinquency and Crime." Chairman:Miss Rosemary Locke, 4550 Van EppsRoad, Cleveland, 661-6686.San Francisco : March 12Hans J. Morgenthau, the Albert A.Michelson Distinguished Service Professor in the Departments of PoliticalScience and History and Director of theCenter for the Study of American Foreign and Military Policy, speaks to SanFrancisco Bay area alumni at a luncheonmeeting. Professor Morgenthau's topicwill be "A New Foreign Policy for theUnited States." Time and place to beannounced. Réservations: Miss MaryLeeman, 420 Market Street, YU 1-1 180.For information on coming events, orfor assistance in planning an event inyour community with a guest speakerfrom the University, contact Mrs. JeanHaskin, Program Director, The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733S. University Ave., Chicago, III. 60637,téléphone Mldway 3-0800, ext. 4291. Professor Hans J. Morgenthau addressing . . .Tokyo, Nov. 25: Dr. Burton J. Grossman,Dr. Albert Dorfman, and Jiuji Kasai.Président George W. Beadle with WashingtonClub président Herbert Spielman, at an Vtformai breakfasl meeting, Nov. 5, honoraiPrésident Beadle, in Washington as chairm*of the White House Conférence on Healt'-26[iip^rs -..?? ijfsiifcfi¦ L. /vevf yorA: alumni on October 25.New York: Barry F. Sullivan, Sidney Davidson, Julius W. Phoenix, Jr., and Kenneth S.Axelson, at a Graduate School of Businesspanel discussion, November 3, on "Leasing:Its Place in the Corporate Financial Structure." The discussion was the first in aséries designed to présent to alumni thepractical views of eminent business leaderson topics of broad interest.Washington: Wayne C. Booth, Dean of theCollège, addressing alumni at an informaimeeting at the Washington Hilton, Oct. 30.27Alumni News 07Charles Rivers Frazer, '07, retired realestate broker, language teacher, andformer dean of Shaw University, haspubiished White Man— Black Man (Exposition Press, 1965) a book stressingthe importance of tolérance and non-violence in dealing with racial questions.He has had several other volumes pubiished, including two books of poetry.Mr. and Mrs. Frazer live in East St.Louis, 111.09Aaron Arkin, '09, PhDT3, has been ateacher to médical students for 55 years,during which time he did research inpathology and medicine. Sixty of hisarticles hâve been pubiished. Dr. Arkin,a specialist in cardiology and internaimedicine, is président of the ChicagoDiabètes Assn., and is a member of manyother scientific and médical societies. Hehas studied médical éducation in Vienna,Berlin, Israël, Egypt, and Russia.14Erling Lunde, '14, and Earle Shilton,'14, hâve announced that the Class of'14 Student Loan Fund now has a totalof $10,397. The fund, set up by the classas their gift to the University, has beencontinually augmented by class membersover the years. Also, the Class of '14Cobb Hall Project, established at thereunion of '64, has acquired a total of$6,507, to be used by the Universitytoward interior rénovation of Cobb Hall.27Victor E. Sawyer, '27, recalled duringa récent médical check-up at the University that he was the first person to betreated in the outpatient clinic of thenewly completed Billings Hospital onOctober 3, 1927. He was assigned patientno. 00-00-01. Since that time, he hasalways returned to Billings whenever hehas had need of hospital treatment, although he and his wife now live in Glen-view, 111. "I feel rather fatherly about it,"he says. Allen S. Weller, '27, AM'28, dean ofthe Collège of Fine and Applied Arts atthe University of Illinois, Urbana, 111.,received an honorary doctor of laws de-gree from Indiana Central Collège, In-dianapolis, on Oct. 2. The degree wasconferred at the dedication of the Indianacollege's new Fine Arts Center. Dr.Weller delivered an illustrated addresson "The Image of Man in ContemporaryArt."30Paul F. Cressey, PhD'30, is FulbrightProfessor of Asian History at SillimanUniversity in the Republic of the Philippines. He was formerly a Fulbright Professor at the University of Rangoon inBurma and has also taught at WheatonCollège, Wheaton, 111. He is currentlyrevising his articles on major Philippinecities for the new édition of Collier'sEncyclopedia. He has also written numerous articles for scholarly journals.Léo Rosten, '30, PhD'37, author.political scientist, lecturer, and consultant and editorial adviser to Look magazine, recently pubiished an article in theRotarian magazine entitled "The Mythsby Which We Live." The article speaksout against conformity and the franticsearch for happiness. "The purpose oflife is not to be happy at ail. It is to beuseful, to be honorable . . . to hâve itmake some différence that you lived."Mr. Rosten is the author of the famousHyman Kaplan stories.Horace A. Smith, '30, an attorney inDes Moines, Iowa, is the vice-présidentof Scarborough and Company, an in-surance agent of banks.Mrs. Abraham Zimnavoda (HelenFeinstein, '30) is assistant professor ofRussian at California State Collège inLos Angeles.33Julia Wells Bower, PhD'33, is professorand chairman of the Department ofMathematics at Connecticut Collège inNew London.Edward J. Brown, '33, AM'46, is professor and chairman of the Department Aaron Altschulof Slavic Languages and Literature atIndiana University, Bloomington, Ind.Joseph W. Hawthorne, PhD'33, retiredgênerai manager of the Los Angeles CityCivil Service Commission, was awardedhonorary life membership in the PublicPersonnel Association by its headquar-ters on the University campus. PublicPersonnel is an international associationof government agencies and officiaiswhich seeks to establish and advancepersonnel standards in the civil service.The Association cited Mr. Hawthornefor giving "commitment of purpose topeople in personnel agencies . . . through-out more than 30 years of dedicated, re-sponsible service." His governmentalcareer includes appointments with theSocial Security Board, the U. S. Militarypersonnel program, and the Los AngelesCivil Service. He was also PersonnelConsultant for the United Nations during its formative period.Robert G. O'Brien, '33, is président andchief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-May-er. He is a member of the University'sAlumni Advisory Council and has beenactive in law and finance as well as inthe motion picture industry.34Aaron M. Altschul, '34, PhD'37, a chiefresearch chemist with the United StatesDepartment of Agriculture, recentlyreceived the American Chemical So-ciety's Charles F. Spencer Award forachievements in agriculture and foodchemistry. Mr. Altschul's efforts hâvebeen dedicated to the improvement andmore efficient use of vegetable proteinsfor human consumption. He received theDepartment of Agriculture's SuperiorService Award in 1955 for work on improvement of cottonseed meal, and in1964 the National Peanut Council pre-sented him with the Golden PeanutAward for fundamental research on theherb. He has taught at U of C, Tulane,and MIT. His wife is an alumna (RuthBraude, '39).Gertrude Fox, '34, MD'37, a part-timephysician with the Pasadena (Calif.)City Schools since 1 956, has been named28chief physician by the Pasadena Board0f Education.tfoel B. Gerson, '34, who spent twoyears as a foreign correspondent in Europe and who has been a radio and télévision script writer, is the author of TheSlender Reed, a biographical novel aboutJames Polk, pubiished this year by Dou-bleday and Co. Mr. Gerson has alsowritten Old Hickory, Kit Carson; FolkHero and Man, The Land is Bright, andThe Hittite.Edward W. Nicholson, '34, a co-ordina-tor on the Esso Research and Engineering Company's chemical staff, was givenspécial récognition by his employer at adinner honoring 6 1 New Jersey scientists and engineers who collectively hâvebeen granted 2,700 patents. Mr. Nicholson holds 45 patents. In addition toinventing and occupational duties, he isan educational counselor for MIT andpursues an interest in photography.Mrs. Roy F. Street (Malita M. Sebald,'34) is a speech therapist for the Public,Schools of Miami, Florida.W aller G. Williams, PhD'34, professorof Old Testament and Religion at IliffSchool of Theology in Denver, is theauthor of Archaeology in Biblical Research, pubiished early this year by Ab-ingdon Press of New York and Nashville.35Leah Dushkin Eisenstaedt, '35, lives inChicago with her husband, who is apathologist, and 13-year-old daughter.A son, Richard, studies at the Universityof Pennsylvania.Léon Sayvetz, '35, PhD'39, has beennamed professor of physical science inthe University of Colorado Departmentof General Education, Boulder, Colo. Aspecialist in theoretical physics and science éducation, Mr. Sayvetz was for-merly dean of the division of naturalsciences and professor of physics at NewCollège, Sarasota, Fia. At the University of Chicago he held the rank of professor and was the chairman of twonatural sciences staffs. He résides inBoulder with his wife (Mary Ann Gille-son, '44) and two daughters. Louis Albert Wehling, JD'35, whochairs the Department of Governmentat Valparaiso (Ind.) University, is amember of the American Political Science Association and the Indiana Acad-emy of the Social Sciences.36Eloise H. Cornélius, AM'36, has beenappointed consultant with the rank ofassistant professor in the Jane AddamsGraduate School of Social Work at theUrbana campus of the University ofIllinois. Previously Miss Cornélius heldthe post of Régional Training Coordina-tor for the Illinois Department of Chil-dren and Family Services. She has hadextensive expérience in public aid work:case worker for Cook County, 111.; childwelfare and supervisor for 111. Dept. ofChildren and Family Services; andtrainee supervisor for that department.Her University of Illinois appointmentwas effective in September.Harry D. Darlington, '36, of Chicago,is coordinator of the gênerai printing inkdivision of Sun Chemical Corp. He holdsa patent on a process for preparing metal-lic résinâtes.Irvin Hudson Scott, '36, practices medicine in Sullivan, Ind. He has pubiishedarticles in the journals of several socie-ties of which he is a member. His termas Président of the American FractureAssociation expired last year.Frances O. Triggs, AM'36, is a psychol-ogist with the Committee on DiagnosticReading Test, Inc., in Mountain Home,North Carolina.37Edward Kominek, '37, MBA'49, vice-président of marketing and assistant tothe président of the Alvey-FergusonCompany, has been appointed lectureron management at the University of Cincinnati Evening Collège, Cincinnati, O.Mr. Kominek is a registered professionaland chemical engineer. He served asgênerai sales manager and vice-présidentof sales at Infilco, Inc., for eight yearsprevious to his 1963 appointment withAlvey-Ferguson. Théodore Lownik, AM'37, vice-président of Talman Fédéral Savings andLoan Association in Chicago, receivedan honorary doctor of laws degree fromSt. Procopius Collège, Lisle, 111., in thespring. Mr. Lownik is chairman of theboard of trustées for the collège and isactive in its development program.Mrs. Bernice Madison (Bernice Quate-man, '37, PhD'52), was the first socialwelfare research exchange scholar to goto Russia. On her four-month, '64-'65visit she talked with Russians in ail walksof life, both ofïïcially and incognito. TheRussian-born San Francisco résidentsaid, "They didn't know I was American,and they told me plenty. I came to theconclusion that, while they do very wellwith préventive social services, whenproblems do arise, they don't do wellwith them. And they are arising moreand more because their society, whichis highly industrialized, is getting morecomplex, like ours. The massive problems, such as illiteracy, inadéquate médical care, and unemployment, are notthere any more. Instead, there are moresubtle, emotional ones, such as what theycall 'nervous children' and alcoholism."Mrs. Madison is currently working on abook on social welfare in the SovietUnion for the Harvard Russian Institute.Charles Frederick Stroebel, Jr., MD'37,is a médical consultant for the MayoClinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and amember of several professional organizations. He has written on hematology forvarious publications.Mrs. Walter J. West (Elizabeth H.West, '37), was one of the first speechcorrection teachers for the ChicagoBoard of Education. Now retired, Mrs.West makes a hobby of travel.46 ~/. Philip A mbuel, MD' 46, on the faculty of Ohio State University's Collège ofMedicine, was appointed professor onJune 17, 1965.Wilmer H. Baatz, BLS'46, is now assistant director of libraries at IndianaUniversity, Bloomington, Ind.29K 1John JamesonArthur F. Fenner, AM'46, has beenappointed associate professor in theEnglish department at the University ofDétroit. He has previously taught atNorthwestern University, Cornell, NotreDame, and Catholic University ofAmerica.Bertram S. Kraus, AM'46, PhD'49, isdirector of the Cleft Palate ResearchCenter and professor of anatomy in theSchool of Dentistry of the University ofPittsburgh. In addition, he is on thefaculty of Pitt's Social Science Divisionas professor of physical anthropology.He is the author of a book on the dentalstructure of unborn infants, The HumanDentition Before Birth, pubiished by Leaand Febiger of Philadelphia.Alfred Schwartz, AM'46, PhD'49, hasbeen named dean of the Collège of Education at Drake University, Des Moines,Iowa. Since 1958 he had served as deanof Drake's University Collège and priorto that he was associate professor oféducation.Mrs. Andrew S. Vavasis (Theana Anton Brotsos, '46, AM'50), became themother of her second child, ValentinaAndréa, on September 7. Mrs. Vavasisrésides in Chicago.47Richard L. Forstall, '47, a senior research editor at Rand McNally & Co.,has been chosen to write the new articleon Chicago for the forthcoming éditionof Collier's Encyclopedia. Mr. Forstalledits the Rand McNally CommercialAtlas.John H. Jameson, '47, copy supervisorat Ketchum, MacLeod & Grove, an ad-vertising agency in Pittsburgh, wasawarded a Freedom Foundation HonorAward for a verse play on Americanism,written for the 1964 National Boy ScoutJamboree at Valley Forge.Robert J. Wolfson, '47, AM'51, PhD-'56, has joined the System DevelopmentCorporation in Santa Monica, Calif. asa principal scientist. Mr. Wolfson, whohas taught at UCLA, Michigan State,and the University of Chicago and has conducted research studies at Berkeleyand the University of Michigan, wasformerly an economist with the RandCorporation. He has also served as consultant and lecturer at a number of universities. He lives in Santa Monica,Calif., with his wife and three children.Mrs. Wolfson also is an alumna (BettyM. Beenes, '45).48Eve Jones, '48, PhD'53, a psychologiston the staff of the Los Angeles Department of Mental Health, also writes acolumn, "Parents' World," for the LosAngeles Herald-Examiner. The columnexamines parent-child relationships andthe problems of raising children.John H. Reynolds, SM'48, PhD'59,who is professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, hasreceived the John Price Wetherill Medalfrom the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia. The honor is in récognition of hisstudies of xénon isotopes, which established with comparative précision thenature and timing of events occurring inthe universe before the earth was formed.Mr. Reynolds has taught at Berkeley forthe past 1 5 years.Wendell H. Russell, '48, AM'50, of theOak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies isdirecting a six-month project for theOffice of Manpower Automation andTraining of the U.S. Department ofLabor. Included in the program are asurvey and analysis of manpower training needs and resources in the South anda study of the feasibility of a center tomeet manpower training needs there.John C. Scott, '48, PhD'53, of theSociology Department of American University in Washington, D. C, was aspeaker and discussion leader in May at aconférence held in Honolulu on theproblems and challenges facing Asianand American women journalists.Donald K. Sebera, '48, SM'54, PhD'60,is associate professor of chemistry atWesleyan University, Middletown,Conn.His new rank is a tenure appointment asof July 1. Milton P. Webster, Jr., JD'48, an at-torney with the Chicago firm of Ross,Hardies, O'Keefe, Babcock, McDugaldand Parsons, is a member of the ActionCouncil for Better Cities and of the Ad-visory Board of the Cook County LawLibrary.Chen Ning Yang, PhD'48, professor atPrinceton's Institute for Advanced Studies, was named to the National Academyof Sciences last April.49 ~~Robert S. Blatt, '49, JD'52, is a partnerin the law firm of Curtis, Friedman &Marks. He lives in Skokie, Illinois, withhis wife and two children.Mrs. William Beasley Harris (PatriciaRoberts Harris, '49), whose field at theUniversity was government and industrial relations, has been named ambas-sador to Luxembourg by Président Johnson. She is the first Negro woman to holdan office of this rank, and follows in thefootsteps of another famous lady ambas-sador, Mrs. Perlç Mesta, who served inthe Luxembourg mission during theTruman administration. After her admission in 1 960 to the District of Colum-bia Bar, Mrs. Harris joined the Harvardlaw faculty in 1961.Archie H. Jones, AM'49 PhD'54, deanof the school of libéral arts at BowlingGreen (Ohio) State University, has beennamed président of the Carroll CollègeAlumni Association. In addition to holding several faculty posts in Nebraska andCalifornia, Mr. Jones has also served asassociate director of the Chicago Histori-cal Society.Leland Mahood, DB'49, has been appointed administrative assistant to thevice-président of the Collège of SanMateo, Calif. Mr. Mahood is a 1964Alumni Citation winner. He and his wife,Miriam Evans Mahood, AM'49, hâve 5children.Max J. Putzel, '49, AM'52, PhD'65, isassistant professor and director of Ger-man Languages at the northwest campusof Indiana University in Gary.Alfred M. Tenny, '49, SB'59, SM'63, isa research chemist with the Metropolitan30Sanitary District of Greater Chicago anda member of the Water Pollution ControlFédération.William Howard Wainwright, MD'49,teaches psychiatry as an associate professor at New York Médical Collège inManhattan. He has written articles onteaching, social psychiatry, and variousclinical subjects.William Barnes, '50, of New York, wasassistant director of the League Schoolfor Seriously Disturbed Children inBrooklyn for three years. Now he is director of the Westchester ARC Schooland Day Training Center in PelhamManor, N. Y.Richard D. Crumley, SM'50, PhD'56,is in Kano, Nigeria, under contract toOhio University for an Ohio University-USAID project which plans to developa teacher training collège there.Gerald A . Sanders, '50, is now lecturerin linguistics at Indiana University,Bloomington, Ind.Eznz Solomon, PhD'50, has been appointed the first dean Witter Professor ofFinance in the Stanford Graduate Schoolof Business.Maurice Karlen Townsend, AM'50,PhD'54, is an académie dean and professor of Political Science at Moorhead(Minn.) State Collège. Mr. Townsend isa member of numerous professional andcivic organizations. He is married andhas four young children.H. Martin Weingartner, '50, AM'51, isassociate professor of finance at theSloan School of Management of MIT.A former award winner in the FordFoundation Dissertation Compétition,Mr. Weingartner pubiished Mathematical Programming and the Analysis ofCapital Budgeting Problems in 1963. 51Marvin E. Bernberg, MBA'51, is aManager for Metropolitan Insurance Co.m Chicago. He and his wife hâve a 7-year-old daughter, Lisa Sue.S. Robert Browar, '51, is laboratory di rector at Inland Steel Container Co. Hehas made two trips to his company's research laboratories in England and theNetherlands, and visited container fac-tories in France and Denmark. He livesin Chicago with his wife and three children.Emanuel S. Savas, '51, '53, is the authorof Computer Control of Industrial Processes (McGraw-Hill, 1965), a bookdealing with the concepts, equipment,techniques, and application of computercontrol to industry. Mr. Savas is SeniorControl Systems Specialist for the IBMCorporation. He has also been involvedin many computer control projects in theindustries of the United States and Europe and has lectured on the subject inTokyo for the Japan Management Association.Frieda Stute, AM'51, has been appointed associate professor of nursing and co-ordinator of comprehensive nursing andmanagement at Bail State University,Muncie, Ind. She has had expérience atfive Illinois hospitals.52 ~Marvin S. Paul, AM'52, teaches physical sciences to students at Loop JuniorCollège in Chicago.Frank J. Piehl, PhD'52, who took hisdegree in chemistry at the University, isa research associate for the AmericanOil Company in Griffith, Indiana.Elton T. Ridley, MBA'52, is acting ad-ministrator of the Médical Center of theIndianapolis division of Indiana University.Marko Zlatich, '52, is now with the International Bank of Reconstruction andDevelopment. He lives in Washingtonwith his récent bride, the former Eliza-beth Turner.53 ~Robert W. Floyd, '53, '58, has beenappointed associate professor of mathe-matics at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He will be con-cerned with the field of computer sciences. Mr. Floyd was formerly a mathe-matician with Computer Associates, Inc. Lowell E. Johnson, AM'53, is assistantprofessor of English at St. Olaf Collège,Northfield, Minnesota.Willie White, AM'53, DB'54, PhD'65,has been appointed assistant professor ofhumanities at Michigan State Universityin East Lansing, Mich. He has previouslyheld teaching posts in philosophy andreligion at Dillard University, Fisk University and Gustavus Adolphus Collège.54Craig R. Eisendrath, '54, a foreign service officer, was recently promoted toClass Six of the U. S. Foreign Service.Since entering the Service in 1958, he hasserved at the U. S. Consulate General inNaples, Italy, and in the Office of UnitedNations Political Affairs, Dept. of State,Washington. His wife, the former BetsyKalish, is the daughter of Stanley Kalish,also a foreign service officer, assigned tothe American Consulate General inDacca, East Pakistan.Donald Carlyle Moyer, PhD'54, wasofficially instated at chancellor of Nevada Southern University, Las Vegas, inNovember. He was Director of StudentRecruitment for the University of Chicago Alumni Association in 1955-57 andwas subsequently chancellor of EasternNew Mexico University, Portales.Harry Neumann, AM'54, assistant professor of classics at Lake Forest Collège(111.) and a former Woodrow WilsonFellow, has been awarded a year's research fellowship in classical philosophyat Harvard University's Center for Hel-lenic Studies at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D. C. His study centers on theinter-relationship of three Platonic dialogues.Marcus G. Raskin, '54, JD'57, is co-director of the Presidential Panel on Educational Research and Development inWashington, D. C. He also serves as amember of the board of trustées of An-tioch Collège, Yellow Springs, Ohio.Gordon S. Siegel, MD'54, has beennamed Médical Director for the Divisionof Occupational Health of the PublicHealth Service, U. S. Department ofHealth, Education, and Welfare.31Gordon MacMillanJonathan G. Wegener, PhD'54, is a research associate in neural sciences atIndiana University, Bloomington, Ind.55Léonard A. Sagan, MD'55, is a nuclearphysician for the U. S. Atomic EnergyCommission. Dr. Sagan lives with hiswife and three children in Rockville,Maryland.Walter L. Walker, '55, is the chief in-structor and deputy director of theMAT Training Program for the Centerfor Youth and Community Studies ofHoward University, Washington, D.C.He recently pubiished an article on "CivilRights Activities and the Réduction ofCrime Among Negroes" in the Archivesof General Psychiatry.56K. William Hutchinson, MBA'56, hasbeen appointed life manager in centralIllinois for Colonial Héritage Life Insurance Company. His headquarters andnew résidence are in Peoria.A. Gordon MacMillan, MBA'56, hasjoined the electronic data processingdivision of Honeywell in Wellesley Hills,Mass., as principal advisor for retailingin the firm's industry-professional council. Mr. MacMillan, who began his careerat Filene's in Boston and has been withCarson, Pirie, Scott in Chicago, is a 34-year vétéran of the retailing-merchandis-ing industry. He was most recently research director at Frederick Atkins, Inc.,a résident New York buying office forNorth American and European depart-ment stores.Jack W. Meiland, '56, AM'57, PhD'62,assistant professor of philosophy at theUniversity of Michigan at Ann Arborsince 1962, has pubiished Scepticism andH istorical Knowledge (Random House),a book of historical philosophy dealingwith the constructionist position on history. Mr. Meiland is a contributor tomany philosophical quarterlies.Harvey Treger, AM'56, is Assistant Professor in the Jane Addams GraduateSchool of Social Work at the Universityof Illinois' Urbana Campus. Mr. Treger was formerly U. S. Probation Officer inChicago. His professional work has included teaching at the Gary Extensionof Indiana University and the Universityof Illinois as well as public welfare workwith the city of Chicago. Mr. Treger as-sumed his présent position in October.57Budimir Tosic, MFA'57, is exhibitingpaintings and drawings at his Chicagostudio.58Kenneth Ditkowsky, '58, is an attorneyand a member of the Chicago, Illinois,and American Bar Associations. He liveswith his wife Judith, '59, MS'60, and twodaughters in Chicago.William D. Hatcher, MBA'58, an airopérations officer at Minot Air ForceBase in North Dakota, has been pro-moted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonelin the U. S. Air Force. He is a memberof the Stratégie Air Command and wascommissioned through the aviation cadetprogram.Elaine Katz, '58, holds the post of assistant editor in the Guidance ServicesDepartment of Science Research Associates./. Andrew Moore, '58, '61, holds theposition of vice président of the BeverlyBank in Chicago and heads the Opérations Division as a consultant to membercorrespondent banks.Léonard Opperman, AM'58, has lec-tured on Political Science at the SouthBend campus of Indiana University. Hewas a member of the Indiana House ofReprésentatives from 1962 to 1964 whenhe was elected to the State Senate. Heand his wife Barbara hâve five children.James C. Reed, PhD'58, is an associateprofessor of psychology at Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.59Jack J. Adler, '59, MD'62, is a résidentphysician at Michael Reese Hospital inChicago. He recently returned from atwo-year stay in Oklahoma City, wherehe was affiliated with the chronic disease division of the U. S. Public Health Service. His wife, Judith, '59, MSW'61, doespart time research at the University'sSchool of Social Service Administration.The Adlers hâve a son and a daughter.Laurie M. Gunter, PhD'59, is now professor of nursing at Indiana University,Bloomington, Indiana.Ben Holman, '59, a former Chicagonewspaper and télévision reporter, ishead of the média relations office of theCommunity Relations Service is Washington, D.C. The Service was created in1964 by the Civil Rights Act to helpmédiate racial disputes. Mr. Holman isworking to promote a fuller treatmentof Negroes in American history texts.Marjorie T. Sloan, AM'59, is assistantprofessor of nursing at the Northwestcampus of Indiana University in Gary,Ind.Sigurd F. Westberg, AM'59, formerlya missionary in the Congo with TheEvangelical Covenant Church, is associate professor of missions at the NorthPark Theological Seminary. In collaboration with John F. Carrington of LondonUniversity, he is working on a translationof the Bible into Lingala (Congo), to bepubiished by the British and ForeignBible Society.61 ~Donald R. Currier, MBA'61, Lieutenant Colonel in the U. S. Air Force, hasentered the Air War Collège, the seniorAir Force professional school at the AirUniversity, Maxwell AFB, Ala. He willundertake intensive study in the élémentsof national power and aerospace re-sources.Walter R. Randall, PhD'61, has beenappointed assistant professor of psychology at the University of Iowa, Iowa City,He was formerly a research associate atDuke University, where he was an in-structor in physiological psychiatry.Imogene Schneider, PhD'61, studiesmalaria as a research biologist at theWalter Reed Army Institute of Researchin Washington.Mrs. Margaret Strodtz, AM'61, hasbeen working with the State of Illinois32Arthur Wynne, Jr.Department of Labor since July. She isan employment counselor in the Chicagooffice."" 62Alphons A. Bogen, MBA'62, teachesengineering at Wright Junior Collège. In1963 he designed and built his own homein Lake Forest, Illinois. He is now atwork on a textbook for engineeringdrawing.John Bostrom, MD'62, is a résidentphysician in psychiatry at the IllinoisState Psychiatrie Institute. He and hiswife rave a new son, Cari. They live inChicago.Barbara Simpson Flynn, '62, is a director of the Chicago League of WomenVoters and associate editor of theirmonthly bulletin, The Chicago Voter.She and her husband hâve two youngchildren.Allen Nathan Sultan, AM'62, is a visit-ing assistant professor of Law at IndianaUniversity in Bloomington. A formerholder of a Ford Foundation TeachingFellowship at New York University, Mr.Sultan has pubiished several articles invarious journals and magazines.Frank C. Von Richter, MBA'62, is amarket analyst and research associate ofthe American Hospital Association. Hehas written articles for the association'sjournal, Hospitals.Arthur V. Wynne, Jr., MBA'62, a partner of Burrelle's Press Clipping Bureauin Livingston, N. J., was elected Président of the Fédération Internationale desBureaux d'Extraits de Presse at its 13thAnnual Congress in West Berlin in Sep-tember. He succeeded the Count GérarddeChambure of L'Argus de la Presse,Paris. Two years ago, Mr. Wynne be-came the first American elected to anoffice in the Fédération, when he wasappointed vice-président in Geneva. Theinternational organization improves thestandards of the news profession anddevelops friendly relations among pressclipping bureaus throughout the world.Harold N. Bass, MD'63, SM'63, is resi- Donald Beitschdent-in-chief at Children's MémorialHospital in Chicago. He has written articles which are scheduled to appear inthe Journal of Urology and Clinical Pedi-atrics. He and his wife hâve a daughter,born last summer.Major Donald E. Beitsch, MBA'63, ofthe U. S. Air Force, has entered theArmed Forces Staff Collège at Norfolk,Va. He was previously assigned as anassistant to the director of metallurgyand ceramics research at the AerospaceResearch Laboratories, Wright-PattersonAir Force Base, Ohio.Pearl M. Bloom, '63, of Chicago is ateacher in the Harvard-St. GeorgeSchool. She is continuing her paintingand printmaking at Lexington Studio atthe University and studies at the ArtInstitute.Perry B. Fink, '63, of Chicago, is a lawstudent at Northwestern University.Edward A. Morin, Jr., AM'63, an in-structor in English at the University ofCincinnati since 1963, was named national 3rd prize winner in an anthologyof poetry recently pubiished by theWomen's International League forPeace and Freedom, an organizationfounded by Jane Addams. The poem,"Mundus et Infans," appeared in theanthology "Not from the Victor." Mr.Morin has also pubiished poetry in several national magazines.Donald Smith, MBA'63, is assistantadministrator of the Médical Center ofthe Indianapolis Divisions of IndianaUniversity.64 ~Joseph Betz, AM'64, is teaching in thephilosophy department of MundeleinCollège in Chicago, and is continuinghis studies as a member of the Committee on Analysis of Ideas and Study ofMethods at the University. He and hiswife hâve two young children.Ruth Boorstin, AM'64, divides hertime between her three children and herduties as a staff associate to a socialpsychologist at the University. Her husband is Daniel J. Boorstin, Professor ofHistory at the University. During the Donald Schmidtacadémie year 1964-65, the Boorstinslived in Cambridge, England, where Mr.Boorstin was the Pitt Professor of American History.Kenichl lyanaga, SM'64, is a researchassistant in the Department of Math-ematics of the University.Cari Milton Patterson, Jr., MBA'64,is a salesman with the firm of C. M. Patterson, which opérâtes as sales représentative in the Midwest for variousyarn spinning mills.David William Scott, SM'64, is a PhDcandidate in microbiology at Yale University.Linda Jeanne Thoren, '64, is currentlystudying for her law degree at the University of Chicago. She is a RésidentHead for nineteen first-year women atUniversity House and writes that "thisexperiment in small house living forundergraduates is proving to be fun andchallenging."65Lawrence C. Becker, PhD'65, has beennamed assistant professor of religiousand philosophical thought at HollinsCollège, Va. He has held Woodrow Wil-son and Danforth fellowships.Sylvia Hajek, AM'65, has joined thefaculty of Mundelein College's EnglishDepartment, Chicago, 111.Alan Saltzman, JD'65, is the winner ofthe $250 First Prize in the 1965 NathanBurkan Mémorial Compétition at theLaw School. The Burkan Compétition,sponsored by the American Society ofComposers, Authors, & Publishers, isdesigned to stimulate interest in the fieldof copyright law. Mr. Saltzman is pres-ently clerk to Justice Matthew Tobrinerof the Suprême Court of California. Helives in San Francisco.Donald G. Schmidt, MBA'65, of Hins-dale, 111., directs research for H. Kramerand Company, a secondary brass andbronze smelter.Sarah SolotarofJ, AM'65, is now onthe faculty of the English Departmentat Mundelein Collège, Chicago, 111. Herhusband is also an alumnus (Robert D.Solotaroff, AM'62).33HemorialsMrs. Quilliam E. Chalmers, '96, died inGermantown, Pa., in September.Edith M. Kohlsaat, '00, died August11, 1965, in Fontana, Wis.Lewis A . Moore, '00, died September 2in Monroe, Wis.Mary Synon, '00, died in Washington,D. C, in September. Miss Synon was aretired writer and editor for CatholicUniversity's Commission on AmericanCitizenship.Walter S. Roger s, '01, director emeritusof the Institute of Current World Afïairsin New York, died October 23, 1965, inSouth Dartmouth, Mass.Mrs. Herman A. Runkle (Mildred H.Smith, '02) died August 2, 1961, inOsage, Iowa.Donald Kennicott, '03, formerly an associate editor of Redbook magazine,died in Sherman, Conn., September 12,1965.Rev. Julian Blodgett, '04, died in RedBluff, Calif., November 22, 1963.Rena Hooper Buck, '04, of Evanston,111., died November 19, 1965.Maud E. Lavery, '04, died in Chicagoon August 13, 1965.Josette E. Spink, '04, died August 6,1964, bequeathing $10,000 to the University. She taught at the University'sLaboratory School from 1907 to 1953,and collaborated with her colleague andfriend, Violet Millis, in the writing ofsix French textbooks, now used in U. S.and Canadian elementary schools. Shemaintained a résidence in Randolph, Vt,after her retirement from the University.Katharine Anthony, PhD'05, died November 20, 1965, in New York City. MissAnthony was a biographer whose sub-jects included Queen Elizabeth I, Catherine the Great, and Louisa May Alcott.Rev. Peter A. Koekstra, AM'07, diedAugust 15, 1965.Mary Evelyn Wells, SM'07, PhD' 15,died October 7, 1965, in Rutland, Vt.She was professor emeritus of mathe-matics at Vassar Collège and had heldteaching positions at Mount HolyokeCollège and Oberlin Collège. A memberof several professional societies and a fréquent contributor to mathematicaljournals, she was the récipient of a certifi-cate for outstanding service in her fieldfrom the Mathematical Association ofAmerica.Joseph P. Varkala, '08, died in St.Pierre, Ind., June 2, 1965. He was aretired certified public accountant inChicago.Mrs. Byron A. Butler (Lillie G. Ohren-stein, '09) died March 31, 1965, inTulsa, Okla.Mrs. James W. Cox (Carrie L. Thomas,AM'09) of Galesburg, 111., died September 4, 1965.Willowdean Chatterson Handy, '09,died November 4, 1965, in Honolulu.Paul K. Judson, '09, died in Guadala-jara, Mexico, November 27, 1963.Albert S. Long, '09, died July 28, 1965,in Evanston, 111.Glen M. Waters, '09, JD'10, of SantaBarbara, Calif., died on May 1, 1965.Harry O. Latham, '10, died in NewYork City on August 7, 1965. Mr. Latham was a retired stock broker for whatis now Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fennerand Smith.Egbert J. Miller, PhD' 10, a professorof mathematics at Yale University, diedNovember 3, 1964.Herbert G. Wellington, '10, retiredfounder and senior partner of the in-vestment banking firm of Wellington andCompany in New York, died at his homein Locust Valley, Long Island, in July,1965.Raymond Howard Schultz, 'H, died inChicago on November 27, 1965. He wasa senior member of the law firm ofSchultz, Krinsley, Voorheis and Hedbergand specialized in corporate law andfédéral tax matter s.Alfred H. Straube, '11, died August 20,1965, in Chicago. For thirty years Mr.Straube did the court docket work forthe law firm of Winston, Strawn, Smith,and Patterson in Chicago.Otto Koppius, '13, PhD'20, died November 6, 1965, in Chicago. He was aretired professor of physics.Dr. Cari C. Birkelo, MD'14 (RushMédical), died May 30, 1965, in WinterPark, Florida.Dr. Arthur Raymond Knauf, '14 MD'16 (Rush Médical), formerly a fellowin urology at the Mayo Graduate Schoolof Medicine, University of Minnesota atRochester, died in Gainsville, Florida,on May 28, 1965. He had been a member of the American Collège of Surgeonssince 1928.Frank H. O'Hara, '15, Associate Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Chicago, died in Phoenix, Ariz. on October 9, 1965. He is sur-vived by his brother, U. S. ReprésentativeBarratt O'Hara, who represents thedistrict which includes the University.Everett M. Hosman, AM'15, died inOmaha, Neb. August 25, 1965.Eugène A. Stephenson, PhD'155 0jLawrence, Kan. died August 25, 1965.Dr. Edward Walter Westland, '15MD'15 (Rush Médical), died June lo'1965.Guy R. Charlesworth, '17, died in LakeWales, Fia. on January 1, 1965.Joseph W. Dyson, SM'17, a vétéranMethodist missionary, died of a heartattack in Taipei, Taiwan, July 155 1965.Since 1960, Mr. Dyson had been headof the Foreign Language Department atSoochow University (Methodist related)in Taipei. Last year he was honored bythe Government of China (Taiwan) bybeing named as one of the "outstandingmen" of the Republic.Norman Harris, '17, a retired Chicagobanker, died November 1. Mr. Harriswas a director of Goodwill Industriesand of the Chicago Hearing Society.Frederick E. Lusk, '17, JD'22, of Alex-an dria, Va., died in September of 1965.Thomas McNider Simpson, Jr., PhD' 17,a member of the faculty at Randolph-Macon Collège in Ashland, Va. for forty-one years, died on July 7, 1965. Mr.Simpson was a former président of theVirginia Academy of Science and of theAssociation of Virginia Collèges.Warren W. Ewing, SM'18, PhD'20,died on October 2, 1965, in Sanford, Fia.Esther J. Mohr , '18, JD'20, diedSeptember 29, 1965 in Chicago.Avery V. Wolfrum, '18, AM'38, diedJanuary 11, 1965 in Palatine, 111. Hewas a retired school principal.Harold L. Hanisch, '20, a businessmanin Fond du Lac, Wis., died September4, 1965.Elmer W. Donahue, '21, died in Mem-phis, Tenn., on September 27, 1965.Edward H. Himmel, SM'21, died athishome in Urbana, Ind., on June 3, 1965.Mr. Himmel was professor emeritus ofbotany at North Central Collège.Merle P. Lyon, JD'21, of Atlanta,Georgia, died on May 22, 1965.Bertha Meechan, '21, of St. Louis, Mo.,died on August 15, 1965.Belle C. Scofield, '21, died on June 5,1964, inOshkosh, Wis.Ben C. Sher, '21, PhD'34, died inSeptember, 1965. For many years Mr.Sher was chief chemist for the MunicipalTuberculosis Sanitarium in Chicago.Mrs. Roy A. Crossman (Edith H. Bell,'22) died in Lake Wales, Fia., on March19, 1965.34yiar^aret A. Fife, '22, died in Brooklyn,jsi. Y., October 7, 1965.jiorace G. Toole, AM'22, a historyprofessor at Ohio University in Ports-Inouth, died October 27, 1965. Mr.Xoole was a member of the faculty ofIvlarshall University (Ohio) for twenty-eight years.George N. Anselm, '23, died on May10, 1964, in Brockport, N. Y. He wasprofessor of éducation at the State University Collège in Brockport.John Marshall Branion, LLB'23, diedon July 3, 1965. His death ended morethan 34 years of service with the CookCounty public defender's office. He wascredited with representing more mencharged with murder than any otherattorney in the United States.Daisy D. Brundage, '23, died in Dallas,Tex., May, 1965.Dr. James Lowell Hall, '23, MD'25,died in Chicago in June, 1965. Until1940 Dr. Hall served as Director ofClinics at Provident Hospital and Research Physician at The University ofChicago and Billings Hospital. He waslater appointed Professor of Medicineat Howard University. He is survived byhis wife and two children.Winifred E. Bain, '24, président ofWheelock Collège in Boston from 1940to 1955, died in Mt. Auburn, Mass., onSeptember 28, 1965.Léo M. Karcher, '24, AM'41, a retiredLieutenant Colonel in the United StatesAir Force, died November, 1965.Isabel Rothschild, '24, died on November 1, 1965, in Los Angeles.Gustav I. Thunander, '24, died inChicaso on October 15, 1965.Archle E. Gills, MD'25 (Rush Médical), who was a member of the staff ofSt. Anne's Hospital in Chicago fortwenty-seven years, died on October 2,1965.Robert G. Knight, AM'25, died inChicago on November 19, 1965. Mr.Knight was a director for the WalgreenCompany.Clifford Maddox, AM'25, PhD'33, diedon November 6, 1965, while visitinghis son in Morristown, N.J. Dr Maddoxwas dean emeritus at Cedarville (Ohio)Collège.Margaret Urquhart, '25, a former district school superintendent who spentforty-five years serving Chicago publicschools, died November 25, 1965 inChicago.Royal G. Hall, PhD'26, died at Baraga,Mich.,July 13, 1965.Fred M. Henderson, '26, JD'29, died% 30, 1965, in Los Angeles. Since1950 he had been an advisor to the LosAngeles County Grand jury. Raymond C. Lundquist, '26, of Chicago, died June 26, 1965.Anna Brandley, '28, of Evansville, Ind.,died March 16, 1965.Charles Andrew Rupp, PhD'28, diedon October 26, 1965, in Washington,D. C. Mr. Rupp was a mathematicianat the National Security Agency.Hazel Elizabeth Ryburn, '28, of Hey-wood, 111., died August 17, 1965.Mrs. Lester J. Cappon (Dorothy E.Bernet, '29) died in Williamsburg, Va.,on August 11, 1965.Ray A. Feruson, '29, of ArlingtonHeights, 111., died on October 12, 1965.Peder Stiansen, AM'29, dean emeritusof the Norwegian Baptist TheologicalSeminary in Chicago, died on November22, 1965.Carter Davidson, PhD' 30, died inWashington, D. C, on October 20,1965. He had resigned in February asprésident of Union Collège in Schenec-tady. N. Y., to become président of theAssociation of American Collèges.Gordon G. Watrous, '30, died in LakeForest, 111., November 5, 1965.Alden G. Greene, SM'31, died in OakRidge, Tenn., on May 7, 1965. Mr.Greene was assistant chief of the référence branch of the Atomic EnergyCommission's Division of Technical Information Extension.Mortimer Taube, '31, died Sept. 17,1965, in Chevy Chase, Md. He was anoted theorist on computers and thefounder of Documentation, Inc., theworld's largest aerospace informationcenter.Jay F. W. Pearson, PhD'32, chancellorof the University of Miami (Fia.), diedAugust 8, 1965. Dr. Pearson, a zoolo-gist, had directed the biological exhibitsfor the Century of Progress Expositionin Chicago from 1931 to 1933, andthose at the San Francisco Expositionin 1938-39. He was one of the foundingmembers of the University of Miami in1926 and rose through its ranks to become président in 1953.Stanley I. Posner, AM'32, died onMarch 30, 1965, in Washington, D. C.Founder of the Friends of U. S. of LatinAmerica, Mr. Posner had a devoted in-terest in the économie and social welfareof Latin America and was honored forhis work by the governments of CostaRica, Nicaragua, Panama, and Cuba. Atthe time of his death, he was counselemeritus to the Linen Supply Association of America.Charles H. Seevers, PhD'32, professorand chairman of the Department ofBiology at Roosevelt University diedDecember 4, 1965, in Chicago. He wasformerly a research associate of the Chicago Natural History Muséum andthe author of numerous articles in zoologie al journal s.Dorrance S. White. PhD'32, of IowaCity, Iowa, died on January 22, 1961.Frank M. Van Etten, '34, a chemicalengineer in Rockville, Md., died July 11,1965.Elna L. Perry, '34, died October 14,1965.Edna M. Wetton, '36, a retired teacher,died August 5, 1965. Miss Wetton livedin Miami, Fia.Emil David Levitin, MD'37, of Glen-coe, 111., died on August 16, 1965.Mrs. Ralph W. Richardson, '37, ofNorthport, N. Y., died in April, 1965.Edward Stem, '37, JD'40, a civic leaderin Highland Park, 111., died on October21, 1965. Mr. Stern was a partner in thelaw firm of Aaron, Aaron, Schimbergand Hess.Hugo E. Beck, '38, AM'44, PhD'62,died in June, 1965. He was the directorof the Center for Educational FieldStudies at Washington University in St.Louis.Willam H. First, SM'38, superintendent of schools in Oakmont, Pa., died inHarrisburg on April 28, 1965. Mr. Firstwas well known throughout his state asan outstanding educator and was es-pecially respected for his knowledge ofschool finances.Frank W. Bailey, MD'39, a neurosurgeon in Canoga Park, Calif., diedJuly 9, 1965. He was président and director of the Biodynamics ResearchLaboratory at Pacoima Mémorial Lu-theran Hospital in Canoga Park.Alvin C. Graves, PhD'39, died July29, 1965, while vacationing in Del Norte,Colo. Mr. Graves, a native of Washington, D. C, helped develop the first atomicbomb and later was supervisor of nearlyail U. S. atomic hydrogen bomb tests.Harold R. Leith, MBA'40, professorof business éducation at the Universityof Cincinnati, died August 20, 1965.Ferdinand Rousseve, AM'40, died onJuly 18, 1965, in Boston. Mr. Roussevewas chairman of the Fine Arts Department at Boston Collège./. L. Fleming, '41, MD'44, died April28, 1965, in Détroit. He was an orthopédie surgeon at the Ford Hospital inDétroit for 1 5 years.Frank E. Pretzel, 'AI, SM'48, PhD'51,a senior scientist at the Los Alamos, N.M., Scientific Laboratory was killedalong with two of his colleagues in amountain climbing accident near Aspen,Colo., on August 15, 1965. Before goingto Los Alamos, Mr. Pretzel was an in-structor for the Chicago Board of Education.35UNIVERSITYCALENDARJanuary 16-21Continental Congress— "Genco:" Problem Solving Course I, sponsored by theContinental Can Co. Center for Continuing Education.January 16-28Management Conférence Institute sponsored by Swift & Co. Center for Continuing Education.January 16A Festival Oratorio Concert by theRockefeller Chapel Choir and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. The program:Hymn of Jésus by Gustav Holst; Towardthe Unknown Région by Vaughan Williams; and Mass (for a cappella voices)by Hindemith. Rockefeller Chapel, 3 : 30PM.January 17-28Exhibition: "Constructions." MidwayStudios, l-5PMdaily.January 17Meeting: The Service League. IdaNoyés, 1:00 PM.Concert: Collegium Musicum présentsa program introduced by Louise Cuilerof the U. of Michigan. Mandel Hall,8:30 PM.January 18Doc Films présents "The Merry Wid-ow," Ernst Lubitsch. SS 122, 7:15 &9:15PM.The Social Service AdministrationAlumni Association Board's annual partyfor students and Faculty. SSA Building,4:00 PM.January 19-20Ethics Consultation, sponsored by theBoard of Christian Education of theUnited Presbyterian Church. Center forContinuing Education.• January 19 _^Swimming Meet with George WilliamsCollège. Bartlett Gym, 3:30 PM.January 21"The Talking Newspaper" séries. Clois-ter Club, 3:30 PM. Track Meet with DePaul & McMasterUniversities. Field House, 7:30 PM.Contemporary Chamber Players Concert. Soloist: Easley Blackwood. MandelHall, 8:30 PM.Doc Films présents "Port of Shadows,"Marcel Carne. SS 122, 7: 15 & 9: 15.January 2212th Annual Chicagoland Open TrackEvent. Field House, 1:00 PM.Basketball: U of C vs. Central Collègeof Iowa. Field House, 8:00 PM.Harpsichord Concert. Soloist: SylviaKind. Bond Chapel, 8:30 PM.January 23-28Meeting: The American Dietetic Assn.Center for Continuing Education.January 23Concert: The 57th Street Choraleprésents Vivaldi's Chamber Mass andBriton's Hymn to St. Cecelia. UnitarianChurch, 57th & Woodlawn, 8:30 PM.January 24-26Seminar-workshop : "Ministers Week."Speakers will include Most Rev. JohnPatrick Cody, Archbishop of Chicago;Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Rev. Robert Raines; and Richard Luecke. ChicagoTheological Seminary.January 24-29Christian Education Council Meeting,sponsored by the United Church ofChrist. Center for Continuing Education.January 25Doc Films présents W. C. Fields in"Million Dollar Legs" and "The FatalGlass of Béer." SS 1 22, 7 : 1 5 & 9 : 1 5.Basketball: U of C vs. KalamazooCollège. Field House, 8:00 PM.January 28-30 February 4-6The "Tonight at Eight-Thirty" séries:three student-directed one-act plays—Singe's Riders to the Sea; Chekov's TheBear; and O'Neill's lie. Reynolds ClubTheater, 8:30PM.January 28"The Talking Newspaper" séries: Clois-ter Club, 3:30 PM.Doc Films présents "Sous les Toits deParis;' with René Clair. SS 122, 7:15& 9:15.Concert: The U of C Chamber MusicSéries présents The Paganini Quartet.Mandel Hall, 8:30 PM.January 29Fencing Match: U of C, Indiana Institute of Technology, and U of Illinois-Chicago. Bartlett Gym, 10:00 AM.Wrestling: U of C vs. Lawrence Collège. Bartlett Gym, 1 :00 PM. Track Meet with Northwestern \]Field House, 1:00PM.Gymnastics: U of C vs. Indiana StateCollège, Bartlett Gym, 2:30 PM.January 31 -February 4Conférence: "What Knowledge is Mo-stWorth Having," sponsored by The Col-lege. Speakers will include F. ChampionWard, Northrop Frye, Terry Sanfordand John Platt. Campus-wide.February 1Doc Films présents the Marx Brothersin "Duck Soup." SS 122, 7:15 & 9:15PM.Basketball: U of C vs. Détroit Instituteof Technology. Field House, 8 :00 PM.February 2SwimmingInstitute of3:30 PM. Meet: U of C vs. IllinoisTechnology. Bartlett Gym,February 3Track Event: U of C, Wheaton Collège,and Bradley U. Field House, 7:30 AM.February 4Doc Films présents "The Last Will ofDr. Mabuse." SS 122, 7:15 & 9:15 PM.Swimming Meet: U of C vs. MilwaukeeInstitute of Technology. Bartlett Gym,3:30 PM.February 5Fencing Match: U of C, Illinois, Michigan, and Air Force Academy. BartlettGym, 12:30 PM.February 7-14"Master of Fine Arts Student Exhibition." William Conger's paintings, prints,and drawings. Midway Studios.February 8Doc Films présents "Bringing UpBaby." SS 122, 7:15 &9:15.February 10^^_____Gymnastics : U of C vs. George WilliamsCollège. Bartlett Gym, 5:00 PM.February 11-13The Chicago première of Ionesco'sAmedee: Or How to G et Rid of It,directed by John Lion. Mandel Hall,8:30 PM.February 11Doc Films présents "Men Who Tredon the Tiger's Tail." SS 122, 7:15 &9:15 PM.Works of the Mind Lecture: "War inHomer and Thucydides," by DavidGrene, Lecturer in the Committee onSocial Thought. Downtown Center, 8:00PM.36TheUniversity of Chicago Professional Théâtre Programin collaboration withThe Goodman Théâtre of The Art Institute of ChicagoPRESENTSThe Première Production of this New ProgramGEORGE '^SkGRIZZARD ®^MOLIERÈ'SfTHEMISANTHROPETranslated by Richard WilburOpening Friday, February 4, and continuing through February 27thEvening Performances $4.00— Tuesdays through Sundays at 8 p.m.Matinée Performances $3.00— Saturdays and Sundays at 2:00 p.m.The University of Chicago Law School Auditorium1121 E. 60th Street— For Réservations: Midway 3-0800, ext. 4400Tickets on sale starting January 24 at the Goodman Théâtre andavailable through the University Bursar's office and the DowntownCenter, 64 E. Lake St. Discounts to students and faculty.of theofourTHE POLITICS OFMODERNIZATIONDavid E. ApterIn modernizing societies, David Apter asserts, themood fluctuâtes between an exciting sensé of newfreedom and hope and fear, cynicism or oppor-tunism. In this, the first major study of the processes of modernization, the strugglè that has givenmeaning to our génération, Dr. Apter brilliantlyanalyzes the basis for both extrêmes. His mainthème is the consolidation of authority during pe-riods of modernization and the exceptional oppor-tunities for créative choice which arise in times ofupheaval. His far-reaching, profound analysis isbased on his contention that in political life, thesignificant can only be understood in moral terms.$7.50DISCRIMINATIONAND THE LAWVern Countryman, EditorA group of lawyers and légal scholars probe whatthe due processes of the law hâve achieved in fourbasic areas — employment, éducation, public accommodation, and housing. Spécifie cases and gêneraiprinciples are discussed in relation to the con-sti-tutional law against race discrimination and thesources of fédéral power under the FourteenthAmendment. $5.00THE THIRD WORLDPeter WorsleyFor the nations emerging from colonialism: anideology to achieve the changeover from a peasantsociety to a modem industrial economy and tomaintain their common outlook — absolute opposition to ail forms of colonialism and neocolonial-ism. The "third world" philosophy rejects bothcapitalism and communism and offers positive neu-tralism and the hope for the future. $5.50 THOUGHTAND CHANGEErnest Gellner"In the twentieth century, the essence of man isnot that lie is a rational, or a political, or a sinful,or a thinking animal, but that he is an industrialanimal." An outspoken critic of contemporary philosophy déclares that the émergence of industrialsociety should be the prime concern of twentiethcentury philosophy. $5.00EDUCATIONANDSOCIAL CHANGEIN GHANAPhilip FosterA first-rate assessment of problems of educationaldevelopment in a semi-modernized society. The author outlines major trends in pre-colonial andcolonial days and examines the reasons for thepartial failure of British educational policies. $7.50Inquire at your bookstoreTHE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO PRESSChicago and London