The University of Chicagomagazine November 1965Tfee University of Chicago magazineVolume LVIII, number 2November 1965Pubîished since 1907 byTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPhilip C. White, '35, PhD'38PrésidentC. Ranlet LincolnDirector of Alumni Af f airsConrad KulawasEditorTHE ALUMNI FUNDFerd Kramer, '22ChairmanHarry ShollDirectorREGIONAL REPRESENTATIVESDavid R. Leonetti20 West 43rd StreetNew York, New York 10036PEnnsylvania 6-0747Marie Stephens1195 Charles StreetPsaadena, California 91103SYcamore 3-4545Mary Leeman420 Market Street, Room 146San Francisco, California 94111YUkon 1-1180Pubîished monthly, October throughJune, by The University of ChicagoAlumni Association, 5733 UniversityAvenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637.Animal subscription price, $5.00.Second class postage paid at Chicago,Illinois. ©Copyright 1965 TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine.AU rights reserved.Advertising rates on request. SPECIAL ALL-ALUMNI ISSUEThis spécial issue is being sent to ail alumni— in addition to regular subscribers—because of the important news on the next six pages. The monthly Magazine is anexcellent means of keeping regularly informed about the University. For those whodo not now receive the Magazine, information on membership and subscriptions isincluded in the Alumni Census in the center fold.2 Campaign for Chicago$25,000,000 Ford grant opens three-year drive8 The New CollègeWayne C. Booth14 Recording for the BlindAlumni in service16 The Right to HopePaul Tillich22 Notes on American Foreign PolicyHans J. Morgenthau26 Quadrangle News31 Sportshorts32 Profiles34 Club News36 Alumni News41 University CalendarCover—Five key University figures announce the campaign for Chicago: (left to right)Edward H. Levi, Provost; Gaylord Donnelley, Trustée and Campaign Chairman; GeorgeW. Beadle, Président; Fairfax M. Cône, Chairman of the Board of Trustées; and RichardF. O'Brien, Vice-Président for Planning and Development.Campaign for ChicagoT_J^he University of Chicago has opened a three-yearcapital fund campaign to raise $160,000,000. It is thelargest single drive ever launched by a university for sucha period and represents the first phase of a ten-year pro-gram to obtain gifts in excess of $360,000,000 to meet theUniversity's needs.The campaign for Chicago has been awarded a $25,000,-000 challenge grant from the Ford Foundation. This isthe maximum educational grant given by the Foundation.Only two others hâve been made to date — one on the Eastcoast and the other on the West coast.Formai announcement of the campaign was made at aluncheon in Hutchinson Commons on October 20. Theaffair was attended by more than 350 civic, business, andacadémie leaders from many parts of the country. Speakersincluded Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago, PrésidentGeorge W. Beadle, Fairfax M. Cône, Chairman of theBoard of Trustées, and Gaylord Donnelley, a Trustée since1947, who has accepted the chairmanship of the campaign.Président Beadle said: "A careful study of our obligations—and aspirations— has led us to the conclusion that we mustundertake a fund-raising campaign on an unprecedentedscale. The first phase is a three-year campaign that will raisea substantial portion of the $360,000,000 in gift income thatthe University must hâve in the next décade. The immédiatecampaign will finance new endowed professorships, increasedfaculty salaries, increased student aid, improved under-graduate facilities, a new Graduate Research Library, aScience Center, and other urgent needs."Three dollars in private funds must be raised for every onedollar provided by the Ford Foundation. The University hasfive years to meet this requirement. The grant was madeunder a foundation program designed to advance the devel-opment of selected collèges and universities as régionaland national centers of excellence. In announcing the grantin New York City, James W. Armsey, Director of the FordFoundation's Spécial Program in Education, said, "Chicago. . . is experiencing a renaissance as one of the world'sleading universities."Fairfax M. Cône, speaking at the luncheon, said: "TheFord Foundation has shown an extraordinary amount ofconfidence in our plans and in the Midwest by awardingThe University of Chicago this maximum grant. Only twoother grants of such a dimension hâve ever been awarded—one to Stanford on the West Coast and the other to New York University in the East. Clearly the challenge to meetand surpass the terms of this grant, to earn and warrant theconfidence of the Foundation, rests on the shoulders ofevery friend of this remarkable institution."The three-year goal of $160,000,000 is needed for sup.port in three areas: $88,200,000 for buildings; $52,300,000for program support for budget; and $19,000,000 for en-dowment. In announcing the spécifie campaign goal, campaign chairman Gaylord Donnelley said: "Although theinfluence of The University of Chicago is international,support— particularly the major gifts that will spell successor failure— must corne mainly from the Midwest. The challenge is ours in this area."Mr. Donnelley will hâve a campaign staff under the direction of Richard F. O'Brien, University Vice-Président forPlanning and Development. Mr. O'Brien was formerly afaculty member and Director of Development at StanfordUniversity, where he earned his AM and EdD degrees. Hedirected Stanford's highly successful $100,000,000 campaign, which took place in 1961 to 1964. Mr. O'Brienjoined The University of Chicago on May 1, 1964.Mayor Daley, addressing the luncheon guests, said: "Thehistory of Chicago could not hâve been written withouta chapter on the influence of this great institution in theprogress of the city. But there are no boundary lines inthe world of ideas and ideals— of formula and experiment-and in the pursuit and application of knowledge the University's leadership is recognized throughout the world."No institution has made a greater contribution in the fieldof éducation. The University is known as a teacher ofteachers, and this leadership is needed now as never before.For in this modem urban world there remains a tremendousgap between the advancements of science and technologyand our social needs that can only be narrowed throughéducation."JLn the years following World War II the Universitymet and successfully reversed the urban blight whichhad seriously threatened it own existence and that of thesurrounding community. To accomplish this, it investedmore than $29,000,000 of its own funds. Provost EdwardH. Levi has pointed out that the income alone on this sumcould hâve provided an annual stipend of $5,000 to each2«y?•"^Hp* L*ïslm^%~*m )The campaign for Chicago opens with a luncheon at Hutchinson Commonsof 230 top students. Or the money itself could hâve provided the University with the projected Graduate ResearchLibrary, the modernization of Cobb Hall, the projectedGraduate Science Library, new facilities for the MusicDepartment, and a much needed theater building.The diversion of funds to the neighborhood is not theonly reason behind the urgency for additional financial support. Overall costs hâve risen sharply in récent years. Rela-tively little building has taken place. Many présent structuresare no longer adéquate to serve the opportunities continuallypresented by new knowledge. The University traditionally dévotes an unusually largepercentage of available funds to scholarships and facultysalaries in a successful effort to attract the best students andscholars. In the coming décade the size of the faculty isprojected to increase from 940 to 1,227. In the same periodthe number of PhD's conferred annually is expected to increase from 285 to over 400. And undergraduate enrollmentis expected almost to double, from 2,250 to an estimated4,000.Projections show that national collège enrollment willclimb from 4,500,000 to 7,000,000 by 1970, and continueThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 3CAMPAIGN FOR CHICAGOTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOIN PROGRESS1 SEARLi CMEMISTRY2. SILVAIN ANO ARMA WTURCHItDREN S HOSPITAl3. NATIONAL OPINION RESEARCH4. COBB HALL RENOVATION5. Kair, GDEIN, 8EECHER RENOVATIONSCHEDULED:6. ADDITIONS TO MIDWAT STUDIOS7. GRADUATE RESEARCH LIBRARTI. STUOENT HOUSING9. HIGH ENERGY PHTSICS10 GEOPHYSIC Al SCIENCES11. PHTSICAL SCIENCES PR0P0SED:BUILDINGS, FACILITEESIN SKADiD AMAS) TOTAL BUILDING NEED: $88,200,000Under construction . . the Searle Chemistry Building4upward from that point. The University's most significantcontribution to the enrollment problem will be as a "teacherof teachers." The University ranks as the nation's largestper capita producer of collège and university teachers, con-tributing an average of 108 for each 1,000 graduâtes of theCollège. Approximately one of every twelve présidents ofAmerican collèges and universities— a total of 1 57— has eithertaught or studied ât The University of Chicago. Twenty-four Nobel Prize winners hâve been associated with theUniversity.TXn the next décade, schôlars at the University will makeconsidérable progress in understanding, discovery, teach-ing, and application. Unusual advances are expected in thefollowing areas, among others:The reorganization of the Collège to continue its rôle asa prototype for the libéral éducation of undergraduates, re-taining its unique quality of small size within the larger settingof the great research institution.The increased use of empirical methods for problems inmusical aesthetics, linguistic analysis, bibliography, andtextual criticism.Studies in the nature of the nuclei of atoms and what holdsthem together, as well as the related problem of just whatthe fundamental "particles" of the nucleus are.The study of the origin of the stars and galaxies, and thatof matter itself ; and inquiries into the history of the earthin its solid, liquid, and atmospheric portions.The control of malignant, cardiovascular, genetic, meta-bolic, and molecular diseases, and further study of mentaldisorders.The development of a theory of learning, utilizing advancesin the biological and behavioral sciences, to détermine theeffects of early environment on learning.Evaluation of the major économie effects and attributesof éducation and, with the city as a laboratory, continuedefforts to upgrade public éducation.A major effort to restate the distinct and comraon culturalvalues of European and non-Western cultures.Inquiries into the problems of creating stable governmentalstructures where predominately illiterate populations andlimited income hamper development. The formulation of a gênerai theory of économie development to make possible reliable prédictions of the separateand joint effects of policies upon the rate of output growthin both advanced and underdeveloped économies.Increased involvement in world affairs and communityactivities with the création of a Public Affairs Academy, anexpérimental or repertory theater, an art gallery, and anInstitute of Criticism in the arts.AX Jl Graduate Research Library is one of the mostdramatic components in the broad-base campus buildingprogram that will be financed by the campaign for Chicago. The new library will house what is already one ofthe outstanding research collections in the nation and provide a midwestern center for study in the Humanities andthe Social Sciences. Its 575,000 square feet will hâve acapacity for 2,900,000 volumes and incorporate the Graduate Library School as an intégral élément. The five-storystructure will be situated on the présent Stagg Field, near57th Street and Ellis Avenue.It is expected that the new library will cost nearly $18,-000,000. Construction will begin as soon as funds areavailable and after alternate athletic facilities are provided.The Stagg Field location was chosen to make the library'sfacilities central to the entire campus, immediately adjacentto classrooms on one side and student residential quarterson ariother. The présent main campus library— the WilliamRainey Harper Mémorial Library— will be converted foruse by the students in the Collège.Stagg Field will be relocated in a four-block area near 55thStreet and Ellis Avenue and will become the center of im-proved and augmented facilities for the University's Department of Physical Education. Thèse new facilities will includea gymnasium for the use of men, a new swimming pool whichcan be enclosed in winter, and an athletic field. Studenthousing facilities also will be developed in the area adjacentto the new Stagg Field. In addition, Bartlett Gymnasium formen, at 57th Street and University Avenue, will be re-modeled for use by women.Another dramatic component in the University's buildingprogram is a Science Center, the first phase of which willcost approximately $32,500,000. The gift need for theScience Center is about $15,000,000. It will serve theThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 5faculties and students in the Divisions of the Physical andBiological Sciences of the University. Présent plans call forconstructing the Science Center in an area bounded approximately by Drexel and Ellis Avenues, and by 57th and 58thStreets.The Searle Chemistry Building, which will be a part ofthe Science Center, is under construction now, on the eastside of Ellis Avenue near 58th Street. The core unit in theScience Center will be a Graduate Science Library withspace for 1,000,000 volumes relating to the physical andbiological sciences. The Center will include a GeophysicalSciences Building, a Physical Sciences Building, a BasicBiological Sciences Laboratory, a Surgery Building, and aMedicine and Psychiatry facility. Another building plannedfor the physical sciences, to be located about a block northof the prbposed Science Center, is the High Energy PhysicsBuilding. It will be built on the south side of 56th Street,between Ellis and Drexel Avenues.AJljLs part of the plan for the further development ofundergraduate study on the campus, Président Beadle hasdirected that work should be completed as soon as possibleon the modernization of Cobb Hall, the University's oldestbuilding. Président Beadle said: "Through the years, CobbHall has been a symbol to University students, and to alumni,of excellence in undergraduate éducation. It is our hopethat it will once more become an intégral part of anotherimportant period in the development of undergraduate éducation at the University. Our décision to proceed with Cobb'srénovation should be viewed as évidence of our commitmentto the Collège of the University and to the fulfillment ofProvost Edward H. Levi's plan to strengthen undergraduateéducation hère."Cobb Hall, located at 5811 South Ellis, is a four-storybuilding, originally completed in 1892. The Cobb HallProject will cost an estimated $2,400,000. To date, $876,-715 of the cost has been raised. When renovated, CobbHall will provide a central area for many activities of theCollège which now are located in various buildings on thecampus.In the area of the biological sciences, the Silvain and ArmaWyler Children's Hospital of The University of ChicagoHospitals and Clinics is nearing completion. The six-story structure will be devoted to treatment, teaching, and research. It is located on Maryland Avenue, near 58th Street,just north of Chicago Lying-In Hospital.Rénovation is under way or will begin soon on the follow-ing existing campus buildings: the Foster, Kelly, Beecherand Green Hall Complex, which will be used by the Psy-chology Department and other units of the Division of theSocial Sciences; Haskell Hall, which contains administrativeand faculty offices of the Graduate School of Business; Business East, which contains classrooms and the library of theGraduate School of Business; Rosenwald Hall, which willbe used by the Graduate School of Business, and Jones andKent Chemistry Laboratories. Also, the Philip Pekow Hall,an addition to the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School, isnearing completion.An immédiate need is the construction of résidence hallsfor student housing. One résidence hall is planned for thesoutheast corner of 55th Street and Green wood Avenue tomatch Pierce Tower at 5514 University Avenue. Other résidence facilities are planned for single students. Multiple andstudio apartments will be built for married students. IdaNoyés Hall will be developed into an enlarged student centerwith dining facilities, lounges, and offices for studentorganizations.The University has allocated a portion of the funds to besought in the campaign for the aesthetic enrichment of itself,the neighboring community, and the city. Specifically, theUniversity plans to build on its campus:A theater building for an expérimental or repertory theatercompany which will be established.An art gallery to house the University's extensive collections and provide a site for traveling and loan exhibitsfrom the world's great muséums.A Music Center which will provide the Music Departmentwith facilities for a récital hall, practice rooms, and a musiclibrary. Hutchinson Commons will be converted to housethe Music Center.Additions to Midway Studios, at 60th Street near Ingle-side Avenue, including an exhibit hall.An atomic âge mémorial to be erected on the site at StaggField where the late Enrico Fermi and his Manhattan Projectcolleagues achieved man's first self-sustaining nuclear reaction on December 2, 1942, thereby ushering in the atomicâge. The University has commissioned Henry Moore, thedistinguished British sculptor, to create the work. D6The Wyler Children's Hospital The High Energy Physics Buildingem ^ '>! -w- I ^¦1,^aT ¦ i c?* li ¦#r^4 r> u IJm^ \* je ¦H^ D*. AÏ ^ \ w\1 &&¦"¦#*{ j•4' a télévision interview following the announcement of the campaign: Fairfax M. Cône, Chairman of the Board of Trustées; WayneC. Booth, the George M. Pullman Professor of English and Dean°f the Collège; John A. Simpson, Professor in the Department of Physics and in the Institute for Nuclear Studies; Norman Ross,moderator; George W. Beadle, Président; Gaylord Donnelley,Trustée and Campaign Chairman; (in foreground) Dr. Léon O.Jacobson, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Medicine.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 7Background Notes on the New CollègeThe re-organization of the Collège into five divisions wasfirst proposed last year by Provost Edward H. Levi in his"Mémorandum on the Collège," which appeared in twoparts in the December and January issues of the Magazine.The plan has been approved by the Collège faculty, theUniversity Senate, and the Board of Trustées, and it isscheduled to go into effect in the Autumn quarter, 1966.The Levi Proposai calls for giving the Collège facultygreater effectiveness as a ruling body and for building uponand modifying the présent sectional structure of the Collègeto give it responsibility for the entire four years of undergraduate work. To accomplish this, the Collège faculty isto hâve a ruling body called the Collège Council, with fortymembers, half elected by the Collège faculty and half ap-pointed by the Président. The Collège is to be divided intofive area collèges: Physical Sciences, Biology, Social Sciences, Humanities, and a new collegiate division for gêneraistudies. Each area collège will be headed by a Master anda 12-member governing committee, responsible for administration and developing curricula. Students of ail the collegiate divisions will share four one-year courses in com-mon, two of them to be taken in the first year, one in thesecond year, and the remaining one in the third or fourthyear. Initially, the requirements for gênerai éducationcourses and for specialization will remain as they now are,but the collegiate divisions are expected eventually to de-velop new programs.The five heads of the new collegiate divisions hâve beenappointed: they will be called Masters and each will holdthe title of Associate Dean of the Collège. Arthur R. Heis-erman, '48, AM'51, PhD'59, Associate Professor of Eng-lish and Humanities, is Master of the Collegiate Division ofHumanities. Ray Koppelman, '44, PhD'52, Associate Professor of Biochemistry, is Master of the Collegiate Divisionof Biology. Donald N. Levine, '50, AM'54, PhD'57, Associate Professor of Sociology and Social Sciences, is Masterof the Collegiate Division of Social Sciences. Robert L.Platzman, '37, SM'40, PhD'42, a Senior Physicist at Ar-gonne National Laboratory and Professorial Lecturer inthe Department of Physics, is Master of the CollegiateDivision of Physical Sciences. James M. Redfield, '54,PhD'61, Associate Professor in the Committee on SocialThought, is Master of the new Collegiate Division.8The New Collègeby Wayne C. BoothJLn writing for alumni, one should, I was told recently by adean at another university, tread lightly. "If you talk aboutimprovements, those who are proud of their past will resentyour meddling; their collège was the best possible collège,and they will see ail change as dégradation. But if you don'ttalk of improvements, those who were dissatisfied will writeyou ofî as a do-nothing."No doubt it is some dim sensé of this profound truth thatleads so many deans and présidents, when they write foralumni, to discuss mainly the physical plant or improvementsin the development office. I hâve just looked through fifteenalumni magazines, none from Chicago, without finding asingle discussion of major changes in the académie program. There is plenty of talk about adding TV instructionhère or language labs there. But nobody ever suggests thatfondamental improvements hâve been found necessary. Todo so would cheapen the currency. To say to alumni, "Weare now going to build a brand new, radically improvedcurriculum" is like telling a woman she would look reallypretty if she had her face lifted.Since I do want to hint, before I'm through, at a few realface-liftings, let me begin by saying that the girl is verypretty, even as she stands. No one knows better than I do,after months of intensive examination, just how very goodthis collège is.But more than that, I like to think that Chicago alumniare différent— that they will understand and appreciate can-did self -criticism at their University, and know how to eval-uate the substance of an argument and to avoid gettingcaught in the underbrush of their own feelings and attitudes.So my task hère is not to make a futile attempt at sleight ofhand, nor to dwell on how good we are, but to explain whatwe are doing in trying to become better. What do we hope toachieve by troubling with yet another re-organization of theCollege-this time into five Collegiate Divisions or "Collèges," with a forty-man Council assuming direction overCollège affairs? A statement of some of the reasons wasgiven in Provost Edward Levi's original proposai for thereorganization. Perhaps I can best add to that statement bydescribing two kinds of problem that we hope to face moreeffectively through the re-organization this fall.Wayne C. Booth, AM'47, PhD'50, is Dean of the Collège and theGeorge M. Pullman Professor of English. He is the author ofThe Rhetoric of Fiction (The University of Chicago Press, 1961),which won the Christian Gauss Award. AXjkjl collèges today face a major problem of recruit-ment and rétention of teachers. Internally, we hâve de-veloped our own peculiar form of brain-drain, if drain is theword for the inverted suction that drags our teachers up-ward into graduate teaching and research and away fromundergraduates. The very fact that one thinks, almost auto-matically, of such a movement as upward, rather than think-ing of it under some such metaphor as a descent into themaelstrom, dramatizes the nature of our problem, Exter-nally, we face the same problem but in heightened form. Notonly are we subject to raiding, like every other good collègethèse days; we are also the victims of our réputation. It isknown that this Collège is peculiarly demanding of its de-votees; nowhere else has libéral éducation been taken soseriously; nowhere else hâve as many first-class men spenttheir major énergies over some décades in planning andteaching non-prof essional courses. Yet we hâve in récentyears offered no promising haven to any young man exceptin the bosom of graduate departments.The new organization is partly based on the conviction thatthe Collège cannot thrive without a method of ensuring anactive concern, within the departmental and divisional offices, for its welfare. So long as the Dean and his appointées,the section heads, were the only bastions defending thosewho either chose or were driven to work with undergraduates, the realities of something resembling persécution couldnot be combated effectively, and the myth that Chicago wasnot really a healthy place for a young scholar-teacher couldnot be killed.The Levi plan, as we ail know, is an attempt to do something about this situation. It will work, I believe, because itis based on a public récognition of mutual dependence be-tween the departments and the Collège: the departmentssuffer, whether they quite recognize it or not, from thedestructive myth. The departments stand to profit, both incrude and in more subtle ways, from a healthy undergraduate program. The Levi plan provides the instrument, in theCouncil, in the divisional governing committees, and in thenew masters, both for involving the departments in undergraduate éducation— which might or might not in itself be asolution — and for educating them (if I may so put it) to themore subtle ways in which a strong collège works for theirself-interest. Though the plan leaves most of the work stillto be done, it allows us to face that work without a sensé ofbeing foredoomed.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 9At is sometimes suggested, by the alumni who feel a deepand proper sensé of loyalty to the past, that our main cur-ricular task is simply to restore as much as we can of the"Faust-Ward" fourteen-comprehensive program. Others,graduâtes of a few years earlier, wonder why we do notrestore the great survey courses of the thirties. Still othersask — little suspecting what such questions can do to a dean'sdigestion— what Une we can possibly offer, in 1965, thatwill be as exciting and newsworthy as any of the variousHutchins programs.To most of us such questions seem to phrase our problemin the wrong way. Our task is not really that of restoring thisor that glory from the past, or of finding some new sloganattractive to the news média. It is rather to face for our timethe questions that serious educators hâve always faced. Ifwe do so, we shall develop a version of the old libéral artsnew enough to attract the attention of those who know thedifférence between quality and gimmickry. The threats togood libéral éducation are in some ways more serious nowthan ever before; the response we make will not be seriousif it is in terms of a simple défense or attack on what has gonebefore.I scarcely need to remind anyone of the "knowledge explosion" and the threat that it offers to the whole concept oflibéral éducation. It has long been quite clear that there ismore knowledge obtainable, even within the confines ofnarrowly-defined disciplines, than any one man can masterin four years, or in a lifetime. Earlier curricular plarmers atChicago faced this fact with a décision to abandon the effortat "surveying" available knowledge or "fields," and to tryto deal, instead, with the libéral disciplines: not subjectmatters but methods, not knowledge areas but skills. Thedécision was the right one, surely, but it is no longer assatisfying as it once seemed. In 1965 the variety of disciplines has burgeoned far beyond that available when thelast serious curricular planning was done. We cannot, now,even prétend to fulfill that old formula: "Give them thetools for learning ..." Not, at least, unless we are willingto require every undergraduate to master computer techniques, spectroscopy, and what not. In short, the effort ofchoice from among ail the possible skills and subjects a manmight learn is in 1965 more demanding than ever before. Iflibéral éducation is to survive as a meaningful concept— andwe hâve committed ourselves to seeing that it does— we mustthink behind the clichés of both professional and gênerai éducation to discover what core of knowledge and of intel-lectual discipline every man must hâve, in 1965, if he is tobe educated as well as trained. We hâve no assurance, ofcourse, that the task can be done; it may be that mankindhas finally produced a monstrous growth that man's mindcan no longer master. But even if this should turn out to betrue, in the social and political sensé— and I doubt that it will— we would still hâve the central task of libéral éducation,which is that of educating men who can at least to somedegree master the choices they face both privately and ascitizens. We must assume that it is possible, now, to find acore of learning that will serve ail men, just because it iscentral to ail living and learning in our time.TJLhose of us who are pessimistic may want to put thispossibility in the language of desperation: without whatskills, of reading, writing, thinking, Computing, listening,looking, or whatever— without what skills will a man beseriously crippled in 1975? More cheerful folk may cringefrom such a négative formulation and want to fall back onthe terminology of "educating men for freedom'.' The important thing is to hâve some defensible gênerai notion ofwhy a man must learn this rather than that. No innovationcan be justified simply on the grounds that a subject matterexists and has hitherto been neglected. Untreated subjectmatters are in literally unlimited supply. Simply to add another area, or another approach, accomplishes nothing.Every course in the new libéral arts collège must be able tojustify itself as fostering critical, independent thought— or, if"thought" seems too narrow a term, let us say "a critical,independent grasp of the world and its opportunities andproblems."In meeting thèse demands, the new Council and the fivenew Governing Committees are hoping to realize improve-ment in at least the f ollowing areas :(1) General requirements: In approving the Levi plan, itwas agreed that ail students in the new Collège would takeat least four gênerai courses in common, perhaps in thepattern of two in the first year, one in the second, and somekind of integrating seminar in the final year. To ensuregenuine intellectual community among ail divisions, thèsewill not be courses from which students will be exempted byplacement examinations, but a cohérent pattern of intel-10lectual expériences so important, and so différent from any-thing now obtainable in high schools, that most studentswould feel cheated if they were exempted.In addition to thèse four requirements— amounting to aboutone-fourth of the student's total program-each CollegiateDivision is charged with developing further interdivisionalrequirements for its own divisional majors, and gêneraiséquences for majors from other divisions. Thus the amountof gênerai éducation in any student's career will be at leastas great as it has always been in the past; one year of it willbe experienced by far more students in common than nowtake any four courses of the program together. In the re-mainder, there will be somewhat more variety than now;but we are determined to avoid the loose-jointed System of"distribution requirements" now found at most collèges.(2) Fields of Concentration: One of our main weaknesses,since the bachelor's degree was "relocated" in 1953, hasbeen the lack of cohérence between "gênerai" and "special-ized" expérience. The resuit has been that many studentsfeel a sensé of anti-climax in their later years, and othershâve difficulty in seeing the connection between the twodivorced kinds of expérience.By ensuring a division-wide view of our programs of spe-cialization, in the light of what we require in gênerai éducation, we hope not only to improve existing "majors" but toengage a much larger group within the university in thinkingabout the idea and practice of libéral éducation. Fields ofspecialization should themselves be "libéral"; the relevanceof gênerai éducation to ail of éducation should be faced bystudents and faculty at ail levels.In addition to improving current fields of specialization, weexpect that each division will develop new intradivisionalfields. In the Social Sciences, for example, we shall probablyhâve a Committee on General Studies, we shall probablyadd a program in "Public Affairs"— a divisional degreeespecially designed for those who plan to prépare forcareers in government or business, or who want the bestpossible préparation in the social sciences for graduate workin fields like law.-A— J verything I hâve said so far should apply to ailstudents in the Collège. But we are also beginning a fifthcollegiate division, unattached to the graduate divisions.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965Freed from the demand to provide traditional "majors,"those who plan for this "new collège, as yet unnamed," areexpected to experiment with four-year programs that noone has ever thought of before, or that do not fit easily intoother university departments and divisions.One such program will combine the expérience and in-terest of those who hâve introduced our several "civiliza-tions" courses in récent years, to make a new four-year"major" in "Civilizational Studies." Instead of trying tocrowd knowledge of as many civilizations as possible intothe time available, this program will, of course, seek todiscover the intellectual requirements for the study of civilizations, and to construct a new view of the libéral arts onthe basis of those requirements.Another possibility is a curriculum based on a re-examina-tion of the traditional arts of grammar, rhetoric, logic, anddialectic; students in such a program — which might becalled "The New Libéral Arts" — would be educated in themçthods, old and new, for the discovery and persuasivefc-W présentation of ideas. Those who know the seriousness ofour work of this kind in the past may be sure that it will bedone at a level somewhat more intellectually respectablethan has been common in significally similar programscalled "communications," "propaganda study," or "seman-tics."(3) "General" Electives: Because of the traditional orientation of our departments toward graduate work, many ofthem hâve tended to provide few courses available to non-majors. Students who hâve developed an interest in a gênerai course often find that the interest cannot be pursued inélectives in later years because some departments cateralmost exclusively to their own majors. One effect of thereorganization is to provide many new and powerful voicesto speak for college-wide concerns. As departmental représentatives look together — some of them for the first time-at the mutual effects of their private practice, we hâve everyreason to believe that widespread improvement will Fesult.Other innovations are in the air, but it is too early in the12planning year to make anything like a définitive list. Whatis now clear is that the reorganization of the structure of theCollège has, in fact, induced more active thought and planning for improvement than has been possible for manyyears.The new structure provides an institutional basis for get-ting new ideas into effect. By granting considérable auton-omy to many différent planning groups — the GoverningCommittees of the Collegiate Divisions — we make it possible to reach décisions easily and thus to try new ways oféducation, gênerai and spécial. And by enlisting the helpof faculty members previously not heavily concerned withCollège affairs, we hope to develop a corporate responsibilityfor the whole of undergraduate éducation.Whenever men begin in this way to disturb their conven-tional ways of doing things they, of course, bring upon them-selves dangers that might otherwise be avoided. We couldvery well lose values of the past more important than anything new we find. But Chicago traditions are strong; weshall not scrap what we know to be good. Any alumnus whovisits us during the coming year will find, I think, an air ofpromise for the future that will convince him, better thanany Dean's verbal attempts could do, "that great newthings are happening," but that they are not being pur-chased at the expense of the values of the past. ?The Collège CouncilOne year Elected Members: Grosvenor W. Cooper, Professor of Music and of Humanities in the Collège; John L.Hubby, Professor of Biology in the Collège and of Zoology;Gerson M. Rosenthal, Jr., Associate Professor of Biologyin the Collège; H. Stefan Schultz, Professor of GermanieLanguages and of German in the Collège; and Léo Treitler,'50, AM'57, Associate Professor of Music and of Humanities in the Collège. Appointed Members: Marshall Cohen,'59, Associate Professor of Philosophy; Fred Eggan, '27,AM'28, PhD'33, Swift Distinguished Service Professorof Anthropology; Jacob W. Getzels, Professor of Education,Psychology and Human Development; Richard C. Lewontin,Professor of Zoology; Peter Meyer, Associate Professor ofPhysics; and Stuart M. Tave, Professor of English. Two year Elected Members: David Bakan, Professor ofPsychology and in the Collège; Hanna H. Gray, AssociateProfessor of History; Kenneth J. Northcott, Associate Professor of Germanie Languages and Literatures; Charles E.Olmsted, Professor of Botany; George L. Playe, AssociateProfessor of French and Dean of Undergraduate Students;Herman L. Sinaiko, '47, PhD'61, Assistant Professor ofHumanities in the Collège; and Roger W. Weiss, AM'51,PhD'55, Assistant Professor of Social Sciences and in theCollège. Appointed Members: Lawrence Bogorad, '42,PhD'49, Professor of Botany; Hans J. Morgenthau, AlbertA. Michelson Distinguished Service Professor of PoliticalScience and History; Alfred L. Putnam, Professor of Mathe-matics and in the Collège; Milton B. Singer, PhD'40, PaulKlapper Professor of Social Science in the Collège and ofAnthropology; Bernard S. Strauss, Associate Professor ofMicrobiology; Nathan Sugarman, '37, PhD'41, Professor ofChemistry; and Edward Wasiolek, Professor of English andof Slavic Languages and Literature.Three year Elected Members: Mark Inghram, PhD'47,Professor of Physics; Arcadius Kahan, Associate Professorof Economies and in the Collège; Norman F. Maclean,PhD'40, William Rainey Harper Professor of English and inthe Collège; Richard P. McKeon, Charles F. Grey Distinguished Service Professor of Philosophy and Classical Languages and Literatures; Norman H. Nachtrieb, '36, PhD'41,Professor of Chemistry; Everett C. Oison, '32, SM'33,PhD'35, Professor of Geophysical Sciences; Gilbert F.White, '32, SM'34, PhD'42, Professor of Geography; andPaul D. Voth, SM'30, PhD'33, Professor of Botany. Appointed Members: William H. Kruskal, Professor of Statis-tics; Joseph J. Schwab, '30, SM'36, PhD'38, William RaineyHarper Professor of Natural Sciences in the Collège andProfessor of Education; Joseph V. Smith, Professor of Geophysical Sciences; Joshua C. Taylor, W. R. Harper Professor of Humanities in the Collège and Professor of Art;George J. Stigler, Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor of Economies and in the Graduate School ofBusiness; Norton Ginsburg, '41, AM'47, Professor ofGeography and Associate Dean of the Collège; and RobertHaselkorn, Assistant Professor of Biophysics. Alternâtes areMcKim Marriott, AM'49, PhD'55, Professor of Anthropology and in the Collège, and Paul B. Moses, Instructor inArt and in the Collège.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 13Recording for the Blind:Alumni in ServiceKenneth J. Jensen, '42, monitoring a recording session, with EugèneT. Mapp, '34, reading. X Vecording for the Blind is a national non-profit organ-ization that has helped revolutionize éducation for the blind,Fifteen years ago, most blind students were segregated inspécial schools which, although academically compétent,sheltered their students from a world which sooner or laterwould require painful adjustment. Educators recognized theproblem and soon were successful in encouraging the blindto attend regular schools. But blind students invariably werestymied by a problem facing students with normal sight:how to keep up with a heavy reading load. Recording forthe Blind solved the problem with recorded textbooks. Today, with the help of RFB and other organizations, morethan half of ail blind students attend ordinary schools.The Palos-Orland Unit of RFB, one of 1 8 recording centersacross the country, is located in Orland Park, 111., near theUniversity-operated Argonne National Laboratory. Theunit was founded by two U of C alumnae — Lois CromwellKlein, '34, and Mrs. Roy Kritser, '38, AM'39. Mrs. Klein,who is the wife of Franklin W. Klein, JD'32, is chairmanand a member of RFB's national board. Mrs. Kritser isco-chairman. Donated by the Orland State Bank, Palos-Orland now has a modem recording studio; but Mrs. Kleinrecalls the time when their facilities consisted of a tiny boothin the basement of a nearby public library.Recording sessions require the work of two persons — areader and a monitor. The reader, using a microphone, sitsin an air-conditioned, soundproof booth, facing the monitor through a small window. The monitor opérâtes a taperecorder, listening to the reader through a pair of head-phones and following a duplicate text. If the reader falters,the monitor stops the tape and backs it up for a retake,Illustrated books are the most difficult to record: the readermust describe ail important pictorial material. Sometimesgraphs, équations, or other materials which defy narrationare reproduced in braille and bound into a booklet to ac-company the final record.The taped sessions are forwarded to RFB headquarters inNew York, where they are reproduced on inexpensive plasticrecords and distributed to students and the RFB library.The library contains over 50,000 recorded books. RFB willrecord, on request, any book not available from their library.The records are loaned free on a renewable quarterly basis.To play back the recordings, a blind student can get aportable phonograph, called "the talking book," free from14the Library of Congress. RFB also records "The News ofthe Week in Review," from the Sunday édition of The NewYork Times.A typical student helped by RFB is Judy Krecek of River-dale, Illinois, who has had many texts recorded for her useat Palos-Orland. She is legally blind, which means that shecan perceive light but has virtually no focusing power. Evenwith utmost optical correction she has only 20/200 vision.She can just make out the headlines of a newspaper bypeering closely, but the text is a meaningless blur. Judy ison the dean's honor list at Illinois State University, studyingfor a teaching degree in Latin and English. She hopes togo on for a master's degree, to strengthen her qualificationsto enter a teaching world reluctant to hire the blind. Exceptfor taking notes in braille, Judy attends classes like any otherstudent; but keeping up with her reading would be impossible without recorded books.A number of Chicago alumni are associated with RFB.Orin Tovrov, '32, who received an Alumni Citation lastJune, serves with RFB in the Massachusetts area; JohnGunther, '22, is on RFB's National Advisory Committee.The Palos-Orland Unit, which attracts many volunteers fromthe Argonne National Laboratory, has the following alumnion its volunteer list: Hazel Adams; Joan Bayer; Donald F.Bond, Professor Emeritus in the English Department; JudithStrohm Bond; Jean Scott Delaney; Antoinette GreinerEngelkemeir; Harriet Kanter; Jean Launspach Lee; andElaine Lewitz Novey. dVice-Président Hubert Humphrey with winners of RFB's 1965Scholastic Achievement Awards. Left to right: Gerald W. McCollum;Vice-Président Humphrey; Lewis M. Fraas; and William W. Cool.AU three students used texts recorded by the Palos-Orland Unit.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 Judy Krecek, student at Illinois State University, listening to arecorded book.Volunteers at the Palos-Orland Unit: (standing) Arthur Lindenbaum,Associate Biochemist at Argonne National Laboratory; Lois Crom-well Klein, '34, unit chairman; Eugène T. Mapp, '34; (sitting) RufusReed, '34; Kenneth J. Jensen, '42; and Norman H. Nachtrieb, '36,PhD'41, Professor and Chairman of the Chemistry Department.15The Right to Hopeby Paul TillichAA. jLfew years ago, the humanist and Marxist philosopherEmst Bloch became famous through a two-voîume workabout hope: the hopes of men in their personal lives and asmembers of social groups and movements. He recognizedto what a degree hope is a permanent force in every man, adriving power as long as he lives. We must agrée; especiallywhen we look both into ourselves and at human history.And we may wonder why it is so seldom that philosophersand theologians speak about hope, its roots and its justification. They do not ask what kind of force it is that créâtesand maintains hope, even if every thing seems to contradictit. Instead, they devaluate hope by calling it wishful think-ing or utopian phantasy.But nobody can live without hope, even if it were only forthe smallest things which give some satisfaction even underthe worst of conditions, even in poverty, sickness, and socialfailure. Without hope, the tension of our lives toward thefuture would vanish and with it, life itself. We would endin despair, a word that originally meant "without hope" or"in deadly indifférence." Therefore, I want to ask thefollowing question: Do we hâve the right to hope? Is therejustifîed hope for each of us, for nations, and movements,for mankind and perhaps for ail life, for the whole uni-verse? Do we hâve a right to hope, even against hope? Evenagainst the transitoriness of everything that is? Even againstthe reality of death?The text "In hope he believed against hope" (Romans4:18) refers to Abràham's faith in the divine promise thathe would become the father of a large nation, although hehad no son in his and his wife's old âge. There is probablyno book in which the struggle for hope is more drasticallyexpressed than in the Old Testament. The men of the OldTestament tried to maintain the hope of Israël within themany catastrophes of its history. Later on, they struggledas individuals for their personal hope and, finally, theregrew a hope in them for the rebirth of the présent worldand a new state of ail things. This double hope for theuniverse, and for the individual, became the faith of theearly Christians and it is the Christian hope to this day. Itis the hope of the Church for "the new heaven and the newearth" and of the individual to enter into this new earthand heaven.But thèse hopes, in both Testaments, hâve to struggle withcontinuous attacks of hopelessness, attacks against the faith in a meaning of life and against the hope for life's fulfill-.ment. There are in the Old Testament outcries of despairabout life. There is the despair of Job, when he says, "Forthere is hope for a tree, if it be eut down, that it will sproutagain and its shoots will not cease," but as "the waters wearaway the stones, and the torrents wash away the soil of theearth, so thou [God] destroyest the hope of man."The struggle between hopelessness and hope runs through-out the whole New Testament, and it is manifest in ailperiods of the history of the Church and of Western mankind. It appeared most powerfully in the moment in which,after the arrest of Jésus, the disciples fled into hiding inGalilée in total hopelessness, and then were transformée!into a victorious hope by the Spiritual Appearances ofJésus. The struggle between hope and hopelessness wasrenewed when the early Church was waiting in vain for thereturn of the Christ and the transformation of the world,and Paul had to tell them: "In hope we are saved. Nowhope that is seen is not hope. But we hope for what we donot see; we wait for it with patience." The struggle went onwhen the hopes for a third stage in history, a stage of fulfill-ment, broke down — first in the religious revolutionarieswho had hoped for a rebirth of the Church, and then in thesecular revolutionaries who had hoped for a rebirth ofsociety into a state of justice and peace. It is a great anddramatic story: the rise and breakdown and the rising againof a hope for mankind, whether it was conceived as a com-pletely new beginning or as a slow progress. Today the situation shows a widespread résignation of hope, even totaland often cynical hopelessness. But hope cannot die, andnew visions of fulfillment appear — in most cases to bedefeated again.In ail religions, whether people nourished hope for thefuture of mankind and for their own future or not, anotherhope was given to them, that for eternal life. But this alsois now drawn into the struggle between hope and no-hope:the hope of the individual for participation in eternal lifehas been largely undercut by the présent understanding ofour world through science and philosophy. Imaginationsof a heavenly place above and a hell below are consideredas symbols for the présent state of our inner life. The expédition of a simple continuation of life after death hasvanished in view of a sober acceptance of the seriousnessof death and a deeper understanding of the différence be-16tween eternity and endless time by theologians. In view ofail this we hâve learned how hard it is to préserve genuinehope. We know that one has to go ever again through thenarrows of a painful and courageous "in-spite-of ." For hopecannot be verified by sensé expérience or rational proof.This leads to something else that makes hope so difncult.Hope is easy for the foolish, but hard for the wise. Every-body can lose himself into foolish hope, but genuine hopeis something rare and great. How then can we distinguishgenuine from foolish hope?t Te often feel doubt not only about others but alsoabout ourselves, whether their own or our own hope is afoolish or a genuine hope. We may clearly calculate thefuture and think our expectations justified, yet they arefoolish. And we may tenaciously hope against hope andbegin to feel foolish about it. But we were right in our hope.Yet there is a différence which does not remain hidden, if wesearch for it. Where there is genuine hope, that for whichwe hope has already some présence. In some way, the hopedfor is at the same time hère and not hère. It is not yet ful-filled, and it may remain unfullilled. But it is hère in thesituation and in ourselves as a power which drives thosewho hope into the future. There is a beginning hère andnow. This beginning drives toward an end. The hope itself,if it is rooted in the reality of something already given, be-comes a driving power and makes fulfillment not certainbut possible. Where such a beginning of what is hoped for islacking, hope is foolishness.If, for instance, a day-dreamer expects to become something which has no relation to his présent state, externallyor internally, he is a fool. And he remains a fool even if, bysome strange accident, he gets what he has dreamed hewould get, such as sudden success, wealth, power, beauty,love. Fairytales know better: The beggar who is destinedto become king wears the beggar's crown, but he is of royalblood. Those who dream for something without any présent reality never attain it, and their attempts may make useof evil means.Paul Tillich, the John Nuveen Professor of Theology in the DivinitySchool, died October 22, following a heart attack. This article istaken from a sermon recently given in Rockefeller Mémorial Chapel.17But there are many things and events in which we can seereasons for genuine hope, namely, the seed-like présence ofthat which is hoped for. In the seed of a tree, stem andleaves are already présent, and this gives us the right to sowthe seed in hope for the fruit. We hâve no assurance that itwill develop. But our hope is genuine. There is a présence,a beginning of what is hoped for. And so it is with our hope for the child and his maturing: we hope, because maturinghas already begun, but we do not know how far it will go.We hope for the fulfillment of our work, often against hope,because it is already in us as vision and driving force. Wehope for a lasting love because we feel the power of this loveprésent. But it is hope, not certainty.Hoping often implies waiting. "Be still before the Lordand wait patiently for Him," says the Psalmist (Psalm 37),Waiting demands patience and patience demands stillnesswithin one's self. This aspect of hope is most important forthe hope we hâve within ourselves hopefully anticipatingour own maturing and striving to fulfill what we essentiallyare and therefore ought to be.There are two kinds of waiting, the passive waiting inlaziness and the receiving waiting in openness. He whowaits in a quiet tension, open for what he may encounter,works for its coming. Such patient waiting in openness andhope does what no will-power can do for our own innerdevelopment. The more seriously the great religious mentook their own transformation by using their own willsto achieve it, the more they failed and were thrown intohopelessness about themselves. Desperately they ask, andmany of us ask with them, "Can we hope at ail for suchinner renewal? What gives us the right to such hope afterail our failures?" Again there is only one answer: waitingin inner stillness, with poised tension and openness towardwhat we can only receive. Such openness is highest activity;it is the driving power in us. Even more the struggle between hope and despair in our waiting is a symptom thatthe new has already taken hold of us. In spite of many pain-ful moments we can feel joy about it.TJL. hère are expressions of what hope means not only inthe holy scriptures of ail religions, but also in the literatureand art of many nations. It is the power of art to expresssomething we encounter in the world and in ourselves,something that only art can show us. It can use for itsexpressive power everything one encounters, the highestand the lowest, the beautiful and the ugly, the good and theevil. In expressing them art reveals a depth of things whichstirs us, élevâtes us, and throws us down. Art can alsoreveal much about religious truth, expressing it in words18and actions. I want to use hope as an example of what artcan do in expressing things which concern us deepest.Art can express hope as well as hopelessness, genuine aswell as foolish hope. In each case it can be great art, andcan open up depths of human existence which neithersimple faith nor refined thought has seen. Therefore religionneeds art. What would religious life be without hymns andorgans, without church buildings, religious paintings, andsculptures? What would the Bible be without the psalms andparables, without the expressive power of its myth and itslegends, without the shaking style of the prophétie proseand the poetry of the book of Job? In ail this, art revealssomething of the meaning of révélation. Christianity haslost much of thèse expériences, a loss which has impover-ished the life of the churches. One wishes that the newlyopened dialogue between Protestants and Catholics maygive to the Protestants a new valuation of the arts of theeye, and give at the same time to the Catholics a highervaluation of the word and its artistic forms.Speaking of the right to hope we can say that art in ailits forms can show three states of the mind: hopelessness,foolish hope, and genuine hope. If we look at our présentartistic créations we find that artistic expressions of hopelessness by far prevail. I need not enumerate particularplays or novels or paintings or poems. When you hear orread or see many of them, you find great and powerfulexpressions of hopelessness. They show, in picture, word,or sound, possibilities of despair which dwell in ail of us.They can awake compassion, fear, and protest, and theyproduce conflicts in ourselves. When we watch a play orhear a poem in which hope has died without being reborn,we are driven to ask: What about our own hope? How genuine is it? Therefore we should not shy away from thèseworks, we should subject ourselves to their impact just because they threaten us. Maybe our hopes were shallow andunfounded. If they break down under the impression ofsuch art, this can be the moment in which for the first timein our lives genuine hope becomes possible. Don't try toescape this expérience by calling art which expresses hopelessness morbid, or ugly, or pessimistic. It is not the taskof great art to beautify what is ugly, to cover up what isevil, but it is its task to express the depth of things in ail itséléments. Art shall be honest to things and honest to man,and, this means ultimately, honest to God — namely that God of whom we honestly can speak.But art not only expresses hopelessness, it also expressesfoolish hope. It shows the self-destructive conséquences offoolish hope; and it exposes the hopes of the fool as well ashimself to ridicule. Art has a side which is called humor;it créâtes not only tragedy but also comedy. And sometimesit is hard to distinguish them: it has rightly been said thatThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 19the great humorists were most deeply aware of the tragedyof human existence. The expression of the fool's hope in agreat work of art shows the ridiculous as well as the tragiccharacter of foolish hope. The fool is ridiculous; but sincewe never know with certainty whose hope— including ourown — is foolish and whose is not, the man with foolishhopes may be partly right, and we can participate in hisoften tragic and sometimes heroic destiny.There are, finally, artistic interprétations of genuine hope.They are rare today. It is significant that contemporarypainters can paint well the crucifixion (although it is thecrucifixion of man more than that of the Christ, even if theChrist is meant) but they cannot paint résurrection and thesymbols of the victory over evil and death. It is their honestythat they feel they cannot and therefore should not try it.Their honesty shows a courage in which hope against hopeis présent as in a seed. They acknowledge that we cannotcreate, as former eras could, styles of hope in which pro-found beauty élevâtes us over the ugliness and horrors oflife. Under the pressure of people who lack their courageto acknowledge honestly our présent situation, artists hâveproduced works in which the surface is beautified and theugliness of reality is covered up. Such art, even if it looksbeautiful, is foolish art. In the past there were periods inwhich the whole style of the arts had the character of hope.This was so, whatever subject the artists chose. Genuinehope can be expressed by the style in which a rock or a treeis painted, in which a house is built or a dance is created.Hope can shine through a tragedy, merely by the artisticpower of the playwright or the novelist. Hope can grasp usthrough music in which sadness struggles with joy, andthrough poems of love and death.B' ut when death is mentioned one asks: Does not ailart fail in view of it? Is ultimate hope, hope beyond deathjustified? Is the eternal, which shines through the temporalin ail great art, reality or illusion? We ask again our question: Do we hâve a right to hope beyond the end of ail finitehopes? And again we answer: We hâve a right to hope forthe eternal, because we expérience the eternal hère andnow. We expérience it in moments of silence and in hoursof creativity. We expérience it in the conflicts of our con-20Alumni CensusThis Census has additional features making it doublyimportant to your fellow alumni and the University. Ailalumni, regardless of membership, are urged to complètethe questionnaire and return it, postage-free, to the AlumniAssociation. The information which you furnish will beused to up-date our records (available to ail alumni forréférence) and to provide news items for "Alumni News,"one of the most-read departments of the Magazine.Also included is a spécial section giving you the opportunityto nominate worthy candidates for the annual Alumni Medalsand Citations. And, for those who wish to know more aboutthe Alumni Association, there is a section outlining the Association^ working philosophy and the various membershipplans available.Please complète and return postage-free toThe University of Chicago Alumni AssociationCensus InformationName Address City, State, and Zip Code U of C degree, date, and your name as it appeared on the degreeField of study at U of CU of C organizations in which you were activeDegrees from other institutionsSpouse's name (('/ alumnus, please give class year and name as it appeared on degree)Children's names and âgesOccupation (please indicate title, firm name, and type of work)Membership in professional organizations (please indicate any offices held)Professional honors or awardsPublications, exhibitions, patents, etc.Membership in civic organizations (please indicate any offices held)Civic honors or awardsGeneral news (travels, hobbies, interests, changes in résidence, etc.)Any comments you may hâve on The University of Chicago Magazine will help us serve our alumni better(We would welcome a récent photograph, should you wish to send one)Candidates for the Alumni Medals and CitationsYou can provide valuable service to the Alumni Association and the University bysuggesting one or more candidates for the Alumni Medal and Citation, awardedeach year at the reunion célébration. Deserving alumni may be overlooked in theawards only because news of their activities does not reach the Citation Committee.The Medals and Citations are awarded for distinction in professional work or involuntary service to civic affairs. The awards seek to recognize outstanding contributions of alumni to their professions or their communities, especially wherethose contributions hâve promoted the betterment of society.Please give the name, address, and occupation of your nominee. Also, pleaseinclude a brief statement on the nominee's professional or civic activities whichsupports your belief that he or she would make a suitable candidate; and, forréférence, include the name of a responsible person whom we may contact forfurther information. Your reply will be held in the strictest confidence. The Citation Committee, an anonymous alumni group, will review your reply and contactyou in the near future.Nominee's name Address .Occupation .For référence:Name Address -The above nominee should be considered for an Alumni Medal or Citation because:The Alumni AssociationAlumni Association Membership brings with it no extraor-dinary privilèges or benefits. Indeed, ail alumni, regardless ofmembership, may share equally in pride, sentiment, and con-cern for the University.Chicago alumni, in view of the kind of éducation they experi-enced hère, do not take lightly an invitation to join anyorganization. Hence, it is not surprising that those who jointhe Alumni Association do so with a certain seriousness,apart from the wholesome measure of nostalgia shared bymany alumni. Association members seek to continue aninterested association with fellow alumni, people with whomthey share certain fundamental ideals. And they wish to continue an interested association with the University, which hadso much to do with their earliest appréciation of those ideals.The Alumni Association seeks first of ail to fulfill its members'needs to remain fully informed on the life and affairs of theUniversity, and to share in news of individual alumni andalumni club activities. It does this primarily through themonthly University of Chicago Magazine, supported by duesand sent to ail members and to the University faculty.The Association also seeks to contribute to its members' con-tinuing intellectual interests. Each year it sponsors a variety oflectures, seminars, and other educational and cultural eventson campus and at alumni clubs across the country and abroad.Finally, the Association provides a number of other importantservices: an annuàl reunion, with its traditional programs oféducation and enjoyment; up-to-date records on over 70,000alumni, available for référence; administrative support foralumni who contribute leadership in fund-raising; studentrecruitment programs; low-cost group flights and tours foralumni; awards programs for alumni and students; access tocampus facilities, lectures, and sports events; and service toalumni groups in other cities.The Alumni Association offers a number of membershipplans. In the appropriate box below, please indicate the planwhich you prefer and include your check when you return thisform. Your membership and your subscription to the Magazine will begin immediately.Single Joint (husband and wife, both alumni)? $5 D $6 one year? $12 D $15 three yearsD $20 ? $25 five years? $100 D $125 life membershipD $20 D $25 first payment on life membership-balance in four similar annual paymentsPlease make your check payable toThe University of Chicago Alumni and in the hours of peace with ourselves. We ex-prience it in the unconditional seriousness of the moralcommand and in the ecstasy of love. We expérience it whenwe discover a lasting truth and feel the need for a greatsacrifice.We expérience it in the beauty that life reveals as well asin the demonic darkness of it. We expérience it in momentsin which we feel the présence of a holy place, a holy thing,a holy Person, a holy time.It breaks through my ordinary expériences. It gives more,and it demands more. It points to the ultimate mystery ofmy existence, of ail existence. It shows me that my finitude,my transitoriness, my being, surrendered to the flux ofthings, is only one side of my being and that man is bothin and above finitude. Where this is experienced, thereis awareness of the eternal; there is already, however rudi-mentary, however fragmentary, participation in the eternal.This is the basis of the hope for eternal life. It is the justification of our ultimate hope. If, as Christians, we point toGood Friday and Easter, we point to the most powerfulexample of the same expérience.The hope for participation in eternity is not hope for acontinuation of the présent life after death. It is not hopefor endless time after the time given to us. Endless time isnot eternity. No finite being can seriously hope for it. Butevery finite being can hope for return to the eternal fromwhich it cornes. And this hope has the more assurance, thedeeper and more real the présent participation in theeternal is.Participation in the eternal is not given to the separatedindividual. It is given to him in unity with ail others, withmankind, with everything living, with everything that hasbeing and is rooted in the divine ground of being. Ail thèsepowers of création are in us and we are in them. We do nothope for ourselves alone, nor for those alone who share ourhope. We also hope for those who had and now hâve nothope, for those whose hopes for this life remain unfulfilled,for those who are disappointed and indiffèrent, for thosewho despair of life and even for those who hâve hurt ordestroyed life. Certainly if we hoped only for ourselves andnot also for our world, it would be a poor and selfish hope.But, as every being cornes from the eternal and lives out ofit hère and now, so it returns to the eternal. For God shallbe ail in ail. DThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 21Notes on American Foreign Policyby Hans J. MorgenthauJLn my field, there can't be any doubt as to what the over-riding problem is likely to be in the next ten years. This is,of course, the avoidance of a major war. While this isobvious, it is less obvious how one can approach this problemin terms of the concrète issues with which we are facednow and with which we are likely to be faced in the décadeto corne.Let me say first of ail why it is of such fondamental importance to avoid a major war. Wars hâve always beenregarded by the more enlightened members of the humanrace as an evil to be avoided. But today the avoidance ofwar has become literally a question of survival of the humanrace itself ,In former times the avoidance of war was a pragmaticquestion, a question of expediency to be answered one wayor the other, according to circumstances. Today the avoidance of war is the very condition of survival. This is sobecause the availability of nuclear weapons has created thefirst real révolution in the structure of international relations.From the beginning of history to 1945, there has alwaysexisted a rational relationship between the ends of foreignpolicy and violence as a means to those ends. In other words,a statesman throughout history could, and actually did, askhimself whether he could achieve what he set out to achieveby the peaceful means of diplomacy or whether he had toresort to the ultimate instrument of war. If the answer wasthe latter, he acted very much like a reasonable gambleracts, who is willing to risk a tolerable fraction of his re-sources. If he wins, then the gains justify the risk taken, andif he loses, he generally hasn't lost everything.Today, this rational relationship between violence as ameans and the ends of foreign policy no longer exists. Forthe means of violence hâve become so utterly destructiveas to dwarf any rational objective a state might pursue. It ischaracteristic of our time that we still think, and in goodmeasure act, in terms which belong to an âge past, whileHans J. Morgenthau is the Albert A. Michelson DistinguishedService Professor of Political Science and Modem History andDirector of the Center for the Study of American Foreign andMilitary Policy. The présent article is taken from Mr. Morgenthau'sremarks at the Faculty Roundtable, part of the alumni reunion program on June 12. The Roundtable, which included questions fromthe audience, was a discussion on issues facing our society nowand in the next décade. Also participating were Professors BrunoBettelheim, Philip M. Hauser, and the late Samuel K. Allison. in actuality we live under objective conditions which requireentirely new modes of thought and action. To give you onlyone example, we hâve threatened the Soviet Union withnuclear war if it doesn't leave us alone in West Berlin; andby implication we hâve threatened the Soviet Union andChina with nuclear war if we don't hâve our way in VietNam. On the other hand, the Soviet Union has threatenedus with nuclear war if we don't leave it alone in Cuba. Bothtypes of threats would hâve been perfectly sensible in thepre-nuclear âge. They are utterly absurd in the nuclear âge-but absurdity, unfortunately, is no argument against actionin the field of foreign policy, as any récent newspaper willshow. If worse should corne to worse and a nuclear warshould break out over Viet Nam, Cuba, or West Berlin,certainly thèse objectives of war, thèse différent géographieentities, would be wiped off the face of the earth. In otherwords, the very conception of victory and defeat no longerhas any meaning when one considers the possibility of theutter destruction wrought by a nuclear war.AA. .V. second grave problem which we are facing today,and which we are likely to face in the décade ahead, is ourrelations with the Communist nations. Hère again we sufferfrom the obsolescence of traditional modes of thought andaction.Fifteen or twenty years ago it was perfectly appropriate tospeak of Communism as a unified phenomenon, as a mono-lithic threat which had to be opposed everywhere in asimilar way. Wherever Communism would gain a foothold,fifteen or twenty years ago, it could be regarded as a mèreextension of the power of the Soviet Union, as a spearheadof Soviet imperialism — and therefore it had to be opposed.Today we are facing an entirely différent situation. Na-tionalism has everywhere in the Communist and non-Com-munist world replaced the united ideological fronts whichexisted fifteen or twenty years ago. We are faced today notwith one monolithic Communism, but a number of différentCommunisms, whose character and whose bearing upon thenational interest of the United States is determined not byideological affinities, but by concrète and diverse nationalinterests. This is apparent in the Soviet Union and China.This is also apparent in the countries of Eastern Europe,22which are ail Communist but whose foreign policy and thecharacter of whose Communism is determined no longermerely by the ideological affinity which ail Communistcountries hâve in common, but by spécifie, diverse nationalinterests.It is, of course, much easier for us to continue a policybased upon an assumption of the monolithic character ofCommunism. This kind of assumption requires only a minimum of thought, and the policy it leads to requires onlya minimum diversity of action. You oppose every Communist régime, every Communist threat, by the same means,whether it is the Dominican Republic, Viet Nam, Cuba,Poland, China, or the Soviet Union. To send the Marinesis easy; it is simply a matter of military logistics. But tocope with thèse différent Communisms on their own merit,to weigh their character, to détermine their influence uponour interests, to calculate how our action might influencethis particular Communism in one way or the other, requiresan enormous subtlety of intelligence - which seems to bein short supply in Washington. Confronted with the enormous demands such a policymakes upon one's intelligence and with the enormous risksinvolved, the reluctance to undertake such a subtle policyis psychologically understandable. The almost instinctivereaction of the policy-makers is to send the Marines andget it over with. However, this is not a foreign policy at ail:this is an évasion of foreign policy. We hâve seen in theDominican Republic how easy it is to send the Marines;but once you hâve sent them, you are faced with a politicalproblem that the Marines are unable to solve and which, ofcourse, we hâve not been trying to solve to begin with.T.JL hirdly, in the next décade we must face problems withthe amorphous and half-anarchic third of the world whichis composed in part by the so-called new nations and inpart by the old nations of Latin America which hâve begunto awaken to their own destinies. Most of thèse nationsprésent us with revolutionary situations with which we mustsomehow corne to terms.It is obvious that the three problems I hâve mentioned —nuclear power, Communism, and the révolutions of theunderdeveloped or new nations of the world — are inter-related. There is a Communist component in most, if notail, revolutionary movements throughout the world. We arefaced with the dilemma of how to deal with such révolutions. Again, the easiest approach is to try to suppress them.However, you can suppress a world-wide revolutionarymovement by smothering it under a military carpet, but youcannot get rid of it. The fiâmes of révolution are going tobreak out with new and greater fury in the future if youtry to suppress them today.We are faced with a dilemma which stems directly fromour misunderstanding of contemporary Communism, fromthe obsolescence of our thinking and actions concerningcontemporary Communism. That dilemma is aggravated bythe inner weakness of most of the new nations, many ofwhich are nations on paper rather than in reality. They arethreatened by disintegration from within, of which Communism stands ready to take advantage. The connectionbetween thèse two problems — Communism in the underdeveloped third of the world, and nuclear power — lies inthis: If you try by military means to suppress one revolu-The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 23tion after the other, one upheaval after the other, you verysoon will be faced with a great shortage of resources tosuppress ail such révolutions. It has been estimated that inorder to suppress the civil war in South Viet Nam we wouldultimately need a million men. If four or five such révolutions break out at the same time and you try to suppressthem by military means, you will find yourself stymied bya shortage of human and material resources. Then peoplewill point to the unused stockpile of nuclear weapons, whichmight easily "solve" the problems posed by a local révolution by getting rid of the population in that particularcountry altogether. As the history of tyranny and, moreparticularly, of modem totalitarianism, shows, there is nosurer way of solving a political or social problem than byexterminating the particular ethnie group which has beenidentified with the problem. Our approach to présent worldproblems, if not soon modified, may well lead to such anextrême and ultimately self-defeating kind of policy. Whatis required in the décade to corne is a radical change in ourthinking and, stemming from such a change in our thinking,a radical change in our actions in order to cope with thèseproblems successfully.Mr. Morgenthau, in the light of your earlier remarks that,because of nuclear weapons, war as an instrument of foreignpolicy is now absurd, what do you say of a Chinese politicalleader who says, absurd or not, l'm going to try it?First of ail, one has to distinguish between the big wordswhich the Chinese leaders hâve uttered and the very cau-tious actions they hâve performed. If you look at the foreignpolicy of China not in terms of big announcements but interms of actual fact, you find that the Chinese hâve beenextremely careful not to provoke the United States. TheChinese know very well that some of us are just waiting fora pretext to bomb their nuclear and industrial installations.I think the Chinese leaders are much more realistic inpractice than they actually sound. The more China developsits industrial plant, the more interest it is going to hâve inpreserving it. In other words, the seeming carelessness andaudacity with which the Chinese hâve spoken is the resuitof their lack of development; and while it is perfectly truethat the United States and the Soviet Union can be elimi-nated as going concerns by a nuclear war, which would be short of génocide, China, at the présent moment, could not.If you imagine for a moment that ail population centers ofChina of, say, more than 100,000 would be destroyed bya nuclear war, 100 to 200 million Chinese would be killedbut there would still be 500 to 600 million Chinese left,However, if you imagine within ten or twenty years a tech-nological development in China similiar to that which hasoccurred in the West and in the Soviet Union, there willbe large population and industrial centers in China whichwill be as vulnérable to nuclear war as ours are; and if themen governing in Peking are not mad, they will adapt theirforeign policy to those conditions exactly as we and theRussians hâve.May I ask Mr. Morgenthau if he would state in broadgênerai terms what alternative he would suggest to ourcurrent foreign policy?How many hours do you give me to do that? Let me saythat one cannot really answer your question honestly because one has to look at each individual case on its ownmerits and then décide.24Consider, for instance, the dilemma which we are facingin a revolutionary world. I think if we follow the présentcourse, which is exemplified by the situation in the Dominican Republic, we are bound to become the anti-revolution-àry power par excellence in the world: we hâve to opposeail revolutionary movements, because they ail hâve a Communist component, because they ail run the, risk, greater orlesser, of being taken over by Communism. The alternativeto that policy is to recognize the danger and to try to copewith it. That is to say, not to oppose révolution but tosupport it; and to see to it, within the limits of our ability,that the révolution will take place under American ratherthan under Chinese or Russian auspices, fully aware of therisk that one or the other of thèse révolutions is likely to fallunder the auspices of hostile powers. I would look withmuch greater equanimity at révolutions of this kind, in viewof the great diversity in the nature of Communism whichexists today. A révolution may corne under Communistcontrol, but it may still not be under the control of Peking orMoscow; and it would be our responsibility to manipulateforeign policy and social and political f actors in other coun-tries to see to it that this doesn't happen.The Japanese government recently sent one of its topdiplomats, Mr. Matsumoto, to Viet Nam to study the situation there. His report is a very brilliant document. Mr.Matsumoto criticizes the American conception of Communism: he says we think there exists a grandfather-father-child relationship between Peking, Hanoi, and the VietCong, and he says this is utterly wrong. I think if we recognize thèse misconceptions, we will hâve laid the basis fora more rational foreign policy.Mr. Morgenthau, is it possible or probable that the increas-ing audacity of American foreign policy will hâve the effectof increasing the Soviet Union' s inclination to strengthenthe United Nations, and if this were to be the case, wouldthe United Nations be able to play an effective rôle inworld politics?The Soviet Union has always taken a négative attitudetoward the really effective peace-keeping opérations of theUnited Nations. Surely the Soviet Union, under présentconditions, would very much like to see the présent disputesin the Dominican Republic and Viet Nam submitted to the United Nations, because it \yould hâve a good chance to getits policies àpproved either in the Security Council or theGeneral Assembly. Furthermore, if they are not àpproved,it has a veto in the Security Council. It is exactly for thisreason that we hâve been extremely reluctant to allow theUnited Nations to interfère with our policies in the Dominican Republic and in Viet Nam.To address myself to the second part of your question: theUnited Nations is today, as an operating peace-keeping or-ganization, in a state of suspended animation. It is no longeran effective instrument of the purposes to which the lateDag Hammarskjold attuned it, and I don't see any prospectthat, under présent conditions, the United Nations is likelysoon to become an effective instrument again. I think aslong as the présent confrontations in the world are whatthey are and are effectuated primarily by military means,I think the United Nations has to take a back seat. Thisdoesn't mean that in the more distant future it cannot berevived.The real problem is that during approximately the first10 years of its existence, the United Nations was for ailpractical purposes an instrument of American foreignpolicy. For its second ten years it was sometimes still aninstrument of American foreign policy, and at other timesit was unable to act at ail. Today we hâve a situation, because of the increased membership, in which a two-thirdsmajority of the General Assembly might be hostile to theUnited States. So the United States is today approximatifthe position in which the Soviet Union found itself fromthe very beginning: it has to be very careful that its ownforeign policies are not jeopardized by adverse action bythe United Nations. Therefore, American support for theUnited Nations has recently declined, and, I think, forgood political reasons.One must hope for a change in the organization. It maycorne about because of the délibérations of a spécial committee which was established some months ago for thepurpose of redefining the financing of peace-keeping fonctions. The United Nations could be revived in such a way.The distribution of political power within the United Nations may again become more flexible and less likely tohurt the interests of one or the other side, and in this wayboth sides might be willing to increase the effectiveness ofthe United Nations again. DThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 25Quadrangle NeWsFacilities Purchase— The University haspurchased the Hyde Park campus facilities of George Williams Collège, cover-ing a square block at 53rd Street andDrexel Avenue. The Boards of Trustéesof both institutions hâve àpproved theaction, but final détails hâve not yet beenworked out and the terms of the sale hâvenot been disclosed. The facilities will addthree acres and a six-story building tothe University campus. The building has72 student dormitory rooms, ten class-rooms and laboratories, an auditorium,a library, two gymnasiums, a swimmingpool, and food service facilities.George Williams Collège is moving nextsummer to a $12,000,000 campus inDowners Grove, 111., a western Chicagosuburb. Richard E. Hamlin, Présidentof George Williams, said, "After considérable study, we found that it would beimpractical and prohibitively expensiveto expand at our présent location." Thecollège expects to double is présent enrollment of 600 students by 1970.James J. Ritterskamp, Jr., the University's Vice-Président for Administration,said, "The University has been concernedfor some time about its need for addi-tional facilities, both for housing andacadémie purposes. There has been nospécifie détermination by the Universityof permanent plans for the use of theGeorge Williams campus. However, thefacilities will provide an added measureof opportunity for our campus planningcommittee."Assistant Fund Director —Florence Me-dow, '43, AM'47, who was AssistantFund Director for the Alumni Association for over eight years, accepted theposition of Director of Alumni Relations at Roosevelt University, October 1.The Association's new Assistant FundDirector is Charles W. Garver. He is agraduate of Boston University and servedin the Navy from 1963 to 1965. Mr.Garver worked in alumni relations atBoston University and was associatedwith the public affairs office of the NewYork Herald Tribune. Former Coach Cited— Nelson H. Nor-gren, '14, former University basketballcoach, has been elected to the HelmsHall Collège Basketball Hall of Famé inLos Angeles. He is one of four coachesand eleven players selected in 1965.Norgren won 1 2 letters as an undergraduate. An All-American halfback on thefootball team, he was captain of the Ma-roons' 1913 Western Conférence cham-pionship team. He was also an All-Conference basketball forward, and hewon similar honors in baseball as a first-baseman.After graduation, Norgren served asdirector of athletics and coach of basketball, football, track, and baseball at theUniversity of Utah, where his 1916basketball team won the NAAU title.During World War I he was a pursuitpilot with the Army Air Corps; and,after the war, he served as director ofathletics for the Chicago Association ofCommerce and Industry. In 1921 he re-turned to the University as basketball andbaseball coach and assistant footballcoach. His 1 924 basketball team tied forthe Big Ten title. During World War IIhe again served with the Army AirForce, returning to the University in1945 to coach basketball until his re-tirement in 1957. Norgren now lives inMill Valley, California. Mars Controversy— Edward Anders, Pro-fessor of Chemistry at the Fermi Insti-tute, and James R. Arnold of the Uni.versity of California at San Diego hâvechallenged récent conclusions that theplanet Mars never had surface water ora dense atmosphère. The conclusionswere made when Mariner IV photo-graphs showed a great number of craters,which could endure, it was argued, onlyif there were no water or atmosphère toerode them. Computer calculations madeby Anders and Arnold showed that Mar-tian cratering should occur 20 to 25times faster than lunar cratering, sinceMars is closer to the asteroid belt. Thetwo scientists contend that, since MarinerIV photographs showed only four timesas much cratering on Mars than on themoon, some external eroding force musthâve been at work during the planet'shistory.Student Award— Vera M. Sedler, now a2nd-year student in the Collège, is therécipient of the 1965-66 Lillian GertrudeSelz Scholarship, given annually to thewoman student in the Collège with thehighest académie average upon completion of her freshman year. The studentaward, established in 1900 by Chicagobusiness leader Morris Selz, is one of theUniversity's oldest.Président Lyndon B. Johnson and Président George W. Beadle conferring in préparation forthe White House Conférence on Health, held in Washington on November 3 and 4. Président Beadle was chairman of the Conférence. Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, Trustée andVice-Président of the University, served as vice-chairman.26Atomic Mémorial —Henry Moore, thedistinguished British sculptor, has beencommissioned by the University to exécute a large bronze sculpture entitled"Nuclear Energy," commemorating thebirth of the Atomic Age at the U of Ccampus in 1942. During a two-day visitin September, Mr. Moore inspected theStagg Field site of the first atomic pileand conferred with faculty members anda spécial Mémorial Committee. The University is seeking funds for the castingand placement of the mémorial.At Présent, a bronze plaque marks thesite, attached to a tennis-court fence onEllis Avenue between 56th and 57thStreets. The plaque reads: "On Decem-ber 2, 1942 man achieved hère the firstself-sustaining chain reaction and there-by initiated the controlled release ofnuclear energy." The site was proclaimeda National Historié Landmark last year by Secretary of the Interior StewartUdall. It is hoped that the sculpture willbe completed in time for dedication during the 75th Anniversary of the University in 1966. Edward M. Rosenheim, '39,AM'46, PhD'53, faculty chairman of theAnniversary Committee, proposed thetitle of the work.Plans for the sculpture were begun in1963, when a committee was appointedto visit Mr. Moore in his Hertfordshirehome. Committee members William H.McNeill, Chairman of the History Department, Harold Haydon, director ofMidway Studios, and I. W. Coburn, Consulting University architect, discussedwith Moore the création of an appro-priate monument to the achievement ofEnrico Fermi and the Manhattan Project. They suggested a work impressivein size and design and charged with "thehigh hopes and profound fear which alike hâve characterized man's scientifictriumphs."The final work, which will be about 12feet high, may differ slightly from themodel. Moore said that the response of aviewer to a 12-foot-high sculpture isdifférent than to a smaller one, and thatthis may lead to changes in his work ashe créâtes the final sculpture.Other current work by Mr. Moore in-cludes a 28-foot-long "Reclining Figure"in bronze for Lincoln Center in NewYork City, a stone statue for theUNESCO building in Paris, and a screencarved in Portland stone for the Time-Life Building in London.Médical Seminars — Approximately 150practicing physicians from the Chicagoarea will attend a séries of eight seminarson "Frontiers of Medicine," to be heldthrough May, 1966, at the UniversityHospitals and Clinics. Each meeting willbe devoted to new advances within amédical specialty. This is the first ad-vanced educational program for practic^ing physicians offered by the University's médical center, and the seminarshâve been accorded 36 hours of créditby the American Academy of GeneralPractice. Dr. Joseph B. Kirsner, PhD'42,Professor of Medicine and Chairman ofthe Committee on Continuing MédicalEducation of the Hospitals and Clinics,commented on the seminars' purpose:"Through this program we hope not onlyto provide physicians with a comprehen-sive view of récent developments in medicine, but also to open new areas ofcommunication between physicians ofthe University's médical center and practicing physicians throughout the area."Stagg Scholarships— Two students hâvebeen awarded four-year Stagg scholarships, patterned after the Rhodes Scholarships and established in 1963 in honorof the late Amos Alonzo Stagg. RandallG. Talan, a graduate of South ShoreHigh School in Chicago, and DennisSienko, of Kelly High School in Chicago,were awarded the scholarships on thebasis of their académie achievements inhigh school. To qualify for the scholar-ship, a student must be in the top tenper cent of his class and he must hâveparticipated in one varsity sport. Talanwas a basketball and baseball lettermanin high school, and a member of theStudent Service League and the LatinClub. He is planning a libéral arts program at the University. Sienko was abaseball letterman in high school, and amember of the National Honor Societyand the Student Executive Board. He isplanning a pre-law course at U of C.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 27iRoyal Visit — Prince Takahito Mikasa,the youngest brother of Emperor Hiro-hito of Japan, paid a scholarly visit to theUniversity campus on September 15.Prince Mikasa, who lectures in NearEastern history at two Japanese universities, toured the campus and visited theOriental Institute. He also attended afaculty colloquium concerned with his spécial fields of interest— Near Easternhistory, history of religions, archaeology,and philology. Prince Mikasa was edu-cated at the Peers School in Tokyo,where his daughter is now a senior inEnglish literature. He also attended theMilitary Staff Collège and Tokyo University. The Prince has written two booksand has translated and edited other works. He has pubîished numerous articles in scholarly publications and is Président of the Society for Near EasternStudies in Japan. In the photographabove, at the Oriental Institute, PrinceMikasa is accompanied by his wife,Princess Yuriko, his daughter, PrincessYasuko, and Prof. Pinhas Delougas,Curator of the Oriental Institute Muséum.28Magazine Awards — Three Universitymagazines received awards at the American Alumni Council annual conventionin Atlantic City this summer. The Newsletter of the Graduate School of Businessreceived a Distinctive Merit Award,ranking it among the top five alumnimagazines which showed the most im-provement over the last two years. Chicago Today, a quarterly magazine pubîished for friends of the University andalumni, received a Spécial RécognitionAward for high quality. The Universityof Chicago Magazine received a Distinctive Merit Award, ranking it among thetop six alumni magazines which pubîished articles contributing to the con-tinuing éducation of its readers.Faculty Appointments — Robert Z. Ali-ber, former senior économie advisorfor the U.S. agency for InternationalDevelopment, is Associate Professor ofInternational Economies and Finance inthe Graduate School of Business. He willalso direct a new Program in International Business being undertaken jointlyby the Graduate School of Business, theLondon School of Economies, and theUniversité Catholique de Louvain inBelgium.Elizabeth Anscombe, of Somerville Collège at England's Oxford University, isthe 1965-66 Alexander White VisitingProfessor. Miss Anscombe is literaryexecutrix of philosopher Ludwig Witt-genstein and editor and translator of hisposthumous works. She is teaching acourse based on her current work andwill also deliver a séries of public lectures.Donald Brieland, former Director ofthe Illinois Department of Children andFamily Services, is Professor in theSchool of Social Service Administration.He will teach and direct a study of thefeasibility of developing an SSA centeranalogous to a teaching hospital.Ichiro Hori, Professor of History ofReligions at Tokyo University, is Has-kell Lecturer and Visiting professor ofHistory of Religions in the DivinitySchool for the Autumn Quarter, 1965.He will also give six public lectures onJapanese folk religion.Kostas Kazazis, former Instructor inLinguistics at the University of Illinois,has become the U of C's first teacher ofmodem Greek. He is Assistant Professorof Linguistics in the Division of the Humanities.Harold H. Metcalf, former superintend-ent and principal of Bloom TownshipHigh School and Community Collègein Chicago Heights, is the new director of the Master of Arts in Teaching program in the Graduate School of Education.Norval R. Morris, Professor of Lawand Director of the newly-establishedCenter for Studies in Criminal Justiceat the Law School, is the first JuliusKreeger Professor of Law and Crim-inology.Tymon Terlecki, Visiting Professor atthe University last year and an eminentPolish literary historian, critic, and es-sayist, is Professor of Polish Literature.White House Fellow —Président LyndonB. Johnson has named Harold A. Rich-man, AM'6 1 , a White House Fellow for1966. Thomas W. Carr, director of theprogram, said "the White House FellowsProgram was established by PrésidentJohnson to give exceptionally promisingAmericans an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the Fédéral govern-ment." Mr. Richman is one of fifteenscholars selected from over 3,000 appli-cants. He received the Elizabeth DixonHonor Award for excellence in caseworkand field work during his first year at theUniversity's School of Social Service Administration. Mr. Richman was gradu-ated with honors at the end of his secondyear at SSA. He is currently at work onhis doctorial dissertation.Harold A. Richman, AM'61; Thomas W.Carr, staff director of the White HouseFellows program; and Président Johnson.Faculty Notes -Harold B. Dunkel, '32,PhD'37, Professor of Education, is a1965-66 fellow to the Stanford University Center for Advanced Study in theBehavioral Sciences. During his leave ofabsence, Mr. Dunkel will do research onthe German philosopher and educator,J. H. Herbart.Fred R. Eggan, '22, AM'28, PhD'33,Harold H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology, has beenappointed to the Committee on Scienceand Public Policy of the National Acad-emy of Sciences. The Committee makesstudies and recommendations on fédéralrelations with the scientific community.Heinrich Kliiver, the Sewell L. AveryDistinguished Service Professor Emeritusof Biological Psychology, has receivedthe 1965 Gold Medal Award from theAmerican Psychological Foundation forhis work in psychology, neurophysiology,neurohistology, and psychochemistry.Frank H. Knight, the Morton D. HullDistinguished Service Professor Emeritusof Social Sciences and Philosophy, hasbeen elected a foreign fellow of theAccademia Nazionale del Lincei. Thelearned society is the oldest in Europe,and its name means "national academyof the lynx-eyed."Byron G. Massialas, Assistant Professor of Education and Associate Co-ordinator of the Master of Arts in Teaching Program, has written the chapter,"Teaching History as Inquiry," for the1965 yearbook of the National Councilfor the Social Studies.Richard P. McKeon, the Charles F.Grey Distinguished Service Professor ofPhilosophy and Greek, has been electeda foreign fellow of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.Elizabeth McKinley, AM'39, retiredJune 30 after 1 8 years as Director of theUniversity Hospitals and Clinics' SocialService Department. She was also Associate Professor of Social Service Administration.Dr. Frank W. Newell, Professor andChief of Ophthalmology in the Schoolof Medicine, has been named to a 10-man advisory Subcommittee on Visionand its Disorders for the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blind-ness.Dr. Robert G. Page, Associate Deanof the Division of the Biological Sciencesand Associate Professor of Medicine, andDr. Frank W. Fitch, MD'53, SM'57,PhD'60, Associate Professor of Pathol-ogy, hâve received Commonwealth Fund(of New York) Fellowships for studyabroad. Dr. Page is studying médical andpre-medical éducation in several coun-tries, while Dr. Fitch is studying develop-ments in protein-chemistry in Switzer-land.Dr. Robert H. Palmer, Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicineand at Argonne Cancer Research Hospital, has found a way to produce gall-stones in rats, an extremely difficult feat,using a cholestérol derivative normallyformed in the intestine.Max Rheinstein, Max Pam Professor ofThe University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 29Comparative Law, has been awarded afellowship to the Center for AdvancedStudy in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. He will spend the 1965-66 académie year working on problems of mar-riage stability.Herman G. Richey, AM'27, PhD'30,Professor of Education and a Universitystaff member for 37 years, retired Sep-tember 30. He will continue as editor ofthe yearbook of the National Society forthe Study of Education.Mrs. Margaret K. Rosenheim, JD'49,Associate Professor of Social Service Administration, and Alex Elson, JD'28, aChicago attorney, proposed création ofneighborhood panels of laymen to dealwith minor juvénile offenses to relievejuvénile court judges of crushing caseburdens, in a récent article for the American Bar Association Journal.Peter H. Rossi, Director of the NationalOpinion Research Center and Professorof Sociology, has been awarded a Carnegie Corporation "Reflective Year Fellowship," which will give him "a yearfree from teaching and other académieresponsibilities to read, write, study, orjust sit and think."Léo Strauss, Robert Maynard Hutch-ins Distinguished Service Professor ofPolitical Science, received an honoraryDoctor of Political Science Degree fromHamburg (West Germany) Universityand an honorary Doctor of Hebrew Let-ters Degree from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati.Fred L. Strodtbeck, Associate Professor of Sociology and Psychology, andJames F. Short, Jr., AM'49, PhD'51,former Visiting Professor of Sociology,hâve written a book, Group Process andGang Delinquency, pubîished by theUniversity of Chicago Press, in whichthey revise the portrait of the juvéniledelinquent and his gang.Sol Tax, PhD'35, Professor of Anthropology and Dean of University Extension, has been elected to the SlovakianAnthropological Society of the SlovakAcademy of Sciences.Samuel B. Weiss, Professor of Biochem-istry, has won a $1,000 American Chemical Society Award in Enzyme Chemistry,sponsored by Charles Pfizer & Co., Inc.Three men represented the Universityin July at the 20th International Congresson Pure and Applied Chemistry at Mos-cow State University, U.S.S.R. DieterHeymann, Research Associate at the En-rico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Research, presented a paper offering newévidence that most météorites plungingto earth are products of a great collisionof two asteroids 520 million years ago. Edward Anders, Professor of Chemistryand at the Fermi Institute, presented"Chemical Fractionations in Météorites."Ryoichi Hayatsu, Research Associate atFermi Institute, delivered an address,"Organic Compounds in CarbonaceousChondrites and Their Origin," writtenby Mr. Anders and Martin H. Studier,PhD'47, of Argonne National Laboratory.Récent Grants— "Récent décisions by theUnited States Suprême Court and othercourts hâve emphasized the need fordrastic changes in the criminal-justiceprocess. Yet society's efforts to cope withthe problem hâve been piecemeal andspasmodic," said Paul N. Ylvisaker, Director of the Public Affairs Program forthe Ford Foundation. The Foundationhas given the Law School $1 million forestablishment and support of a Center forStudies in Criminal Justice. Under direction of Norval Morris, Professor of Lawand an internationally respected author-ity on criminal law, the Center will bechiefly committed to research and éducation in criminal justice administration,law enforcement, corrections, préventionand treatment of juvénile delinquency,and improvement of public agencies'practice in thèse areas. Thirteen university prof essors, including seevn from theU of C, and twelve members from thejudiciary and private agencies will comprise an advisory committee to the Center.From the National Science Foundation: $184,850 for a two-year researchstudy to improve usefulness of librarycatalogs, under direction of Don R.Swanson, Professor and Dean of theGraduate Library School.From the Richard King Mellon Charitable Trusts of Pittsburgh: $120,000 tothe Center for Urban Studies to supplément a 1964 grant of $100,000 provid-ing faculty salaries and fellowships incity planning and urban renewal.From the American Médical Association Education and Research Foundation: $22,948 to the School of Medicine.From the U.S. Office of Education:$115,285 to University linguists, thefunds broken down as follows: $42,577for development of a référence gram-mar of Bengali and $29,106 for researchon Calcutta and Dacca dialects of Bengali and for teaching materials préparation for the Dacca dialect to PunyaSloka Ray, Visiting Assistant Professorof Linguistics, and Edward C. Dimock,Associate Professor of Bengali Languageand Literature; $43,575 for préparationof a référence grammar of Hindi andUrdu to Norman H. Zide, Assistant Pro fessor of Hindi and Indian Linguistics,From the National Science Founda-tion: $176,000 for construction of amodem 40-inch reflecting télescope atYerkes Observatory.From the Ford Foundation: $400,000to establish a Center for Latin AmericanEconomie Studies, under direction ofArnold C. Harberger, Professor andChairman of the Economies Department.From the John and Mary MarkleFoundation: $30,000 for study in pédiatrie neurology training methods to Dr.Robert Y. Moore, MD'57, PhD'62, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Anat-omy.From the Gulf Oil Corporation: $1,500to the University.From Research to Prevent Blindness,Inc.: $5,000 for eye research, unres-tricted.From the Air Force Office of ScientificResearch's Directorate of ChemicalSciences: $193,275 to Lennard Whar-ton, Assistant Professor of Chemistry andin the Institute for the Study of Metals,for development and building of the na-tion's first molecular beam accelerator.From the Nathan Goldblatt Society forCancer Research: $75,000 for a Uni-versai Recording Microspectrophoto-meter, an instrument capable of measur-ing minute cell éléments such as DNAmolécules.From Foote, Cône, & Belding, Inc.:$3,500 for a Master's Fellowship and$4,000 for a Doctorate Fellowship inmarketing at the Graduate School ofBusiness.From the National Science Foundation: $72,300 for the study of produc-tivity growth in U. S. agriculture to ZviGriliches, Professor of Economies.From the American Academy in Rome:a $3,650 Rome Prize Fellowship toFrederick F. Hammond, Instructor inMusic.From the Mothers' Aid of The ChicagoLying-in-Hospital and Dispensary:$25,000 to support the Mothers' AidResearch and Teaching Pavilion.From the National Science Foundation: $400,000 to help finance construction of the new $1,000,000 headquartersof National Opinion Research Center.From the American Cancer Society:$92,235 to Dr. Alexander Gottschalk,Assistant Professor of Radiology andDirector of the Section of Nuclear Medicine in the Radiology Department, tosupport his investigation of diagnostictechniques in nuclear medicine; and$14,935 to D. Werner H. Kirsten, Associate Professor of Pathology and Pedi-atrics, to support research in viral eti-ology of leukemia.30SjjortshortsGomez Trophy -J. Kyle Anderson, '28,Professor of Physical Education andhead baseball coach for 33 of his 35years on the faculty, will receive the1965 Lefty Gomez Silver Baseball Trophy from the National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association. Former NewYork Yankees pitcher Vernon (Lefty)Gomez will présent the trophy January9 at the NCAA convention in Washington. The award is made annually by theNCBWA and is sponsored by the WilsonSporting Goods Company.Coach Anderson played varsity football as an undergraduate and was cap-tain of the baseball team in his senioryear. Active in many NCAA activities,he is currently chairman of the group'sRules Committee and a member of itsNational Baseball Championship Tour-nament Committee. Also, he is a NCAAdelegate to the United States BaseballFédération and a member of the nation'sOlympic Baseball Committee. In 1959 hewas manager of the United States Baseball team at the Pan-American Games.Last April, Stan Musial, director ofPrésident Johnson's Council on PhysicalFitness, cited Anderson on his 35th anniversary as a varsity coach. Musial said:"Your long career as a player, coach,and administrator has been marked bythe highest standards of sportsmanshipand a genuine concern for the youth ofAmerica."Soccer-Coach William C. (Bill) Vendlis optimistic. He has ail four of last year'slettermen back on the squad, plus astrong sophomore contingent. Key players will be: Michael Nemeroff, défensive fullback; Mark Manewitz and A.Knight Coolidge, offensive wingmen;and Donal Sean Cardenas, center half.Coolidge and Cardenas are lettermen.November games are scheduled as fol-lows: Lake Forest Collège at Stagg Field,Nov. 3; Rockford Collège at Rockford,Nov. 6; Roosevelt University at StaggField, Nov. 10; University of Dayton atDayton, Nov. 12; Bail State Universityat Muncie, Indiana, Nov. 13. Cross -Country— November cross-countrymeets are slated as follows: Varsity andthe University of Wisconsin at Mil-waukee, Nov. 3; Varsity and IllinoisState at Wheaton on the 6th; U of CTrack Club and Notre Dame at SouthBend, Nov. 6; Central Collegiate Openand Freshman Races at WashingtonPark, Nov. 12; NCAA Collège Cham-pionships at Wheaton, Nov. 13; UCTCOpen 5-Mile Run at Washington Park,Nov. 14; NAAU Junior 10,000 MeterRun at Washington Park, Nov. 20;NCAA Collège Championships at Lawrence, Kansas, Nov. 22; CAAU 5,000-Meter Run at Riis Park, Nov. 25; andthe NAAU Senior 10,000-Meter Run inNew York, Nov. 27. The annual Turkey-Trot will be held in Washington Park onNovember 23, an open cross-countryevent with turkeys going to the winners.Track coach Edward M. (Ted) Haydon,Associate Professor of Physical Education, describes the season's outlook as"bright," with ail eight lettermen return-ing to the cross-country squad. CoachHaydon believes the team is capable ofbettering last year's intercollegiate record of six wins and four losses.Stagg Luncheon — Over 250 guests attended a mémorial luncheon honoringthe late Amos Alonzo Stagg, held recently by the Central Lions Club of Chicagoat the Illinois Athletic Club. Represent- ing the University were: PrésidentGeorge W. Beadle: James M. Sheldon,'31, Assistant to the Président; andWalter L. Hass, Professor and Chairmanof the Athletic Department and Directorof Athletics. Président Beadle said: "Formore than 40 years, most of themmarked by great athletic teams at Chicago, Stagg was a paramount figure onthe Quadrangles. He stood for, hetaught, and he practiced the exemplarypersonal and professional ethics thatwere the hallmarks of his career."Master of cérémonies at the affair wasMerrill C. (Babe) Meigs, '08, who re-called his days under Stagg. "My claimto famé was strictly accidentai," Meigssaid. "While scrimmaging against the varsity one day, several players got theirsignais mixed, causing "the elusive eel,"Walter Eckersall, to run in my direction.I dove at him and, to my surprise, I hadtackled him." Amos Alonzo (Lonnie)Stagg, Jr., read anecdotes from hisfather's extensive writings, which will beput into book form in the near future.Other alumni who attended : Judge HugoFriend, '02; Harlan O. (Pat) Page, '09;Robert T. (Death) Halladay, '22; JamesM. Pyott, '24; Kenneth A. Rouse, '28; J.Kyle Anderson, '28, Professor of Education and baseball coach; James J. Cu-sack, Jr., '29; Errett I. Van Nice, '31;Samuel J. Horowitz, 32; Donald H. Bir-ney, '33; and Petro L. Patras, '40.At the Stagg luncheon: (seated) Amos Alonzo Stagg, Jr.; Merrill C. Meigs, '08; (standing)Président George W. Beadle; Norman H. Cook, chairman of the Central Lions Club; JohnJ. Angus, président of the Central Lions Club; and Harlan O. (Pat) Page, '09, who presentedthe apple juice that he traditionally brings to reunion affairs.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 31ProfilesBENJAMIN OLIVER DAVIS, JR.Air Force officer Benjamin Davis, thefirst Negro to achieve the rank of Lieutenant General, has his own approach toracial problems. "There are many contributions," he says, "that can be made tothe equal rights movement— not neces-sarily by demonstrating but by doing ajob to the best of one's ability. I don'tmarch. I don't sit in. But I would like tothink I'm playing a part in the development of the United States."General Davis, son of Benjamin O.Davis, Sr., the Army's only Negro gênerai, is the second Negro gênerai in thearmed forces. When Président ThéodoreRoosevelt was signing his f ather's second-lieutenants' commission, an aide men-tioned that the candidate was a Negro. "Bully for him," the Président replied,"Only one thing counts: he has qualifiedfor the place."Benjamin Davis Sr. pursued a distinguished career in military service, andhis son was determined to follow in hisfather's footsteps. After starting collègeat Cleveland's Western Reserve University, he transferred to the U of C in 1930.Concentrating in mathematics, he wasa senior in 1932 when he received hisappointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Davis prepared him-self for some racial discrimination atWest Point, which had not graduated aNegro in 50 years. It came in the formof a "silence" from the other cadets, andlasted on and off for his entire four yearsthere. He was graduated in 1936, 35th ina class of 276. In a year he was professorof military science at Tuskegee Instituteand then a student of advanced flying ata nearby air base. By 1945 he was a fullcolonel and had won the Légion of Merit,the Distinguished Flying Cross, and theAir Medal. In May, 1945, he was awarded the Silver Star for leading a fightersquadron on a hazardous mission insouthern Germany. General Nathan F.Twining said of his décorations: "Hedidn't get them in spite of being a Negro,or because of being a Negro, but because he earned them."After World War II the Air Force became separated from the Army, and wasthe first of the services to achieve complète intégration. General Laurence S.Kuter said of Davis: "He is an AirForce officer of the highest type, highlyintelligent, an articulate man whose brav-ery in combat matched his courage inliving above the level of race préjudice.His example played a great part in mak-ing the intégration of the Air Force asuccess."In 1954 he was promoted to brigadiergênerai, 14 years after his father wascommissioned to the same rank. By 1959he was deputy chief of staff for U.S.Forces in Europe and a major gênerai. InApril, 1965, Président Lyndon B. Johnson nominated him for promotion tolieutenant gênerai, and he is now servingas chief of staff in Korea.Asked for his views on civil rights, General Davis said; "Congress has passedlaws that guarantee Negroes first-classcitizenship. But people deeply submergedeconomically, educationally, and sociallyneed a hand to help catch up. At thesame time, we must be determined tohelp ourselves ... the slogan 'we shallovercome' should include the strongestkind of résolve to master the skills orprofessions that can win a useful place inAmerican life." ROBERT RAMAPATAM WILLIAMS1886-1965Dr. Robert R. Williams, '07, SM'08, be-gan his career as a teacher in the Philippines in 1908. A year later he joined thePhilippine Bureau of Science, where heworked closely with the frontier pathol-ogist, Dr. E. B. Vedder. He was pro-foundly influenced by witnessing thedramatic recovery of victims of thedietary disease béribéri, who were neardeath until they received small quantifies of a rice-bran concentrate that hehad prepared. The expérience sustainedhim through 26 years of research to iso-late the chemical substance which hadeffected the cure, work which he con-ducted largely as a sideline, while pur-suing a full-time professional career. Hisresearch culminated in 1936 with thesynthesis of the anti-beriberi factor, thia-mine, popularly known as vitamin B-l,and has resulted in the worid-wide control of the dietary disease.In keeping with his own philosophy,Dr. Williams declined the opportunity togain personal wealth from his discovery.Although he had devoted over a quarteicentury and a great deal of his ownfunds to his work, he assigned the patentsto a private, non-profit foundation, Re-32search Corporation. The foundation ad-ministers the royalty income from thevitarnin B-l synthesizing process, withmost of the earnings going to the Wil-Hams-Waterman Fund for the Combat ofDietary Diseases. The name of the fundrecognizes the contribution of Robert E.Waterman, Dr. Williams' principal col-laborator on the vitarnin synthesis, andlater his son-in-law. The fund has madem0re than 300 grants, totalling over fourmillion dollars, throughout the world. Am-ant of $290,000 was recently made tothe Vellore Christian Médical Collège inVellore, India, for the construction ofresearch laboratories which will benamed in honor of Dr. and Mrs. Williams. Vellore, India, is where Dr. Williams was born, in 1886, of missionaryparents.In addition to his private research, Dr.Williams simultaneously pursued a distinguished career in chemistry, retiringin 1945 as Chemical Director of BellTéléphone Laboratories. From 1945 to1956 he was associated with ResearchCorporation, as Director of Grants andlater as Chairman of the Williams-Waterman Fund. During his lifetime hehad been awarded eight honorary de-grees. He was a member of the NationalAcademy of Sciences and he received theWillard Gibbs Medal of the AmericanChemical Society in 1938. His book,Toward the Conquest of Béribéri, waspubîished by the Harvard UniversityPress in 1961. Last June he was awardedthe University's 1965 Alumni Medal for"high distinction both as a scientist andas a humanitarian." Dr. Williams diedon Oct. 2, in Summit, New Jersey.JAMES MICHAEL REDFIELDJames Redfield, a 1965 Quantrell Awardwinner, is an Associate Professor in theCommittee on Social Thought and Master of the newly-created collegiate division for gênerai studies. He is a third-generation faculty member and isdescended from one of the community'searliest settlers. In the 1850's his great-great-great-grandfather, Jonathan AsaKennicott, built a house at what is now48th Street and Lake Park Avenue. Hecalled it "Kenwood," after his ancestralhome in Scotland, and the name wasadopted by the community. Redfield'sgrandfather was Robert Park, the U ofC sociologist; and his father was RobertRedfield, the distinguished anthropolo-gist.Like many graduâtes of the University'sLaboratory School, James Redfield wasan early entrant in the Collège. Although needing only two years of studies for abachelor's degree, Redfield planned hisown four-year curriculum, concentratingin classical Greek, which led to an interest in Plato, then philosophy and history. After receiving his AB in 1955, hestudied at Oxford for two years as aWoodrow Wilson fellow, then returnedto the University to become a PhD candidate in the Committee on SocialThought. He joined the faculty as an in-structor in 1 960 and received his doctor-ate in 1961. He now lists his académiefields of spécial interest as classicalAthenian politics, political philosophy,and literature.James Redfield has the réputation of aconcerned taskmaster whose classes hâvean invigorating intellectual richness. Anawed mother of one of his students is said to hâve told Redfield, "Mr. Redfield,for my son, there's God and there's you. . . and I'm not sure who cornes first."Redfield's standing offer to teach classicalGreek to anyone who wanted to learnthe language is legendary on campus,but he admits that he now has time toconcentrate only on teaching those whowant to teach the language. In June hewas one of the four récipients of theUniversity's Quantrell Awards for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching. Hewas cited as a teacher who "embodiesthe scholar committed to imparting toothers what he knows."Off campus, Redfield is an armehair expert on baseball and an active member ofa community theater group, which hehelped found. He has done original translations of Aristophanes' The Clouds andThe Frogs, which were successfullystaged, and he has devoted some time toacting and directing. Redfield hopesshortly to direct a one-act play by SaulBellow, a colleague in the Committee onSocial Thought.As Master of the new collegiate division— not yet named— Redfield looks for-ward to an important educational adven-ture. He says, the new division, "whichmay be called the Collège of IntegratedStudies, will hâve a curriculum that at-tempts to integrate a range of studies—mostly in the social sciences and the humanities— which do not fit comfortablyin any of the other divisions. However,the new collège is still in a very earlystage: we're still seeking a consensus onwhat the curriculum should be. I thinkwe'll hâve a lot of independent study inthe new collège, for that's one of thethings there seems to be a wide-spreadconsensus about. This will call for sub-stantial writing — and not only writing,but rewriting. Students should be encour-aged to develop ideas over a period ofyears. One of the marks of a really serious man is that he is never satisfied, heis always reshaping and developing histhought. This seriousness should start inCollège. Our students now learn a varietyof things, but they get out of collègesometimes feeling they haven't accom-plished anything substantial."One of my fundamental notions —not very radical — is that if you hâve alearning faculty, if the faculty are reallydeveloping in the course of their teachingand in their own studies, then the students will learn. If a teacher is excitedabout his work, that excitement will becommunicated to the students. . . .Education, after ail, is its own justification — it is not for some secondary aim.Society, whether it realizes it or not,exists for éducation, not the reverse."The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 33^wui&yfétiiàChicagoEntering students who are children ofalumni were guests of the Alumni Association at an informai get-acquaintedparty at Ida Noyés Hall, Oct. 2. Refresh-ments were pizzas and cokes, and enter-tainment was provided by a student rock-and-roll band called "Brian C. and hisEmulants." On hand were Dean and Mrs.Warner Wick, who chatted with studentsbut closed ranks with Association staffmembers in declining to "frug" and "wa-tusi." The students seemed content tolet the oldsters (anyone past his teens)look on as they consumed two dozenpizzas and several cases of cokes, anddanced until orientation week's 10:00p. m. curfew.St. Louis"Chicago'66: The Meaning of a Modem University" was the topic of EdwardW. Rosenheim, Jr.'s address to St. Louisalumni on Sept. 30. Mr. Rosenheim, '39,AM'46, PhD'53, Professor of Englishand of Humanities and Chairman of theUniversity's faculty committee for the 75th Anniversary, addressed alumni andguests following a réception and dinnerin the Gourmet Room of the Park PlazaHôtel.WashingtonMilton Friedman, AM'33, the PaulSnowden Distinguished Service Professorof Economies, talked before an overflowcrowd of Washington area alumni, theirfriends, and spécial guests from the fieldsof banking, finance and économies, Sep-tember 24. Mr. Friedman's topic was"Economie Policy: Intentions vs. Results-or, What the Road to Hell is PavedWith." He said that while the humani-tarian intentions of récent Americandomestic économie policy are impeccable, the results hâve been disappoint-ing. He urged planners of future govern-ment économie programs to pay greaterattention to thèse results and to worryless about evaluating intentions. The an-nual élection of Washington, D.C., Clubofficers followed Mr. Friedman's speech.Herbert Spielman, PhD'49, was re-elected Président; Chalmers Marquis,'48, was named Vice-Président; Lawrence Berlin, AM'50, will serve a secondterm as Treasurer; and Mrs. Harry D.Wohl, was re-elected Secretary.San FranciscoRobert J. Havighurst, Professor of Education and of Human Development, wasguest speaker at the San Francisco BayArea Club August 20 at the BurgundyRoom of the Hilton Inn. ProfessorHavighurst, a national authority on urban éducation, joined in a dialogue- discussion with Club Président WilliamSwanberg, '43, and members of the audj.ence. Topics probed included: unioniza.tion of teachers; appointment vs. electionof state school superintendents; and therelationship between individuality andmorality. Interest ran high and the did not adjourn until after 1 1 p.m.when Professor Havighurst had to dashfor a plane.New YorkThe University of Chicago Club of NewYork held its traditional Fall CocktailParty September 21 in the Biddle Roomof the Harvard Club. Mr. George S. Lei-sure sponsored the party this year.DenverThe October 8 visit of Charles D,O'Connell, Director of Admissions andAssistant Professorial Lecturer of Eng.lish, was of spécial interest to Denverarea high school students and their parents. Denver alumni arranged the meeting at the Writer's Manor ConventionCenter. Mr. O'Connell spoke informallyon admissions on the national scène andfor the Collège of The University of Chicago. Spécial guests at the meeting werethe Denver-area parents of students cur-rently enrolled in the Collège.For Information on coming events, orfor assistance in planning an event inyour community with a guest speakerfrom the University, contact Mrs. JeanHaskin, Program Director, The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733S. University Ave., Chicago, III. 60637,Ml 3-0800 ext. 3241.g— «*v ¦AA*hi;tM im.i.1Prof. Milton Friedman, AM'33, addressing Washington alumni.34Entering students who are children of alumni enjoyed pizza, cokes, and a rock-and-rollband at a get-acquainted party at Ida Noyés Hall. COMING EVENTSNew York: November 3A Graduate School of Business paneldiscussion on "Leasing as a FinancialDevice." Panelists: Kenneth S. Axelson,Vice-Président, J. C. Penney Co.; JulesPhoenix, Research Partner, Haskins &Sells; and Barry F. Sullivan, Vice-Président, Chase Manhattan Bank. Cocktails and discussion at the Williams Club,5:30 p.m.Kansas City, Mo.: November 5Ray Koppelman, Professor of Biochem-istry and Education and Master of theCollegiate Division of Biology, will meetwith the Kansas City Club for an informai discussion of the campus, theCollège, and the University. Dinner,$3.75 per person, at the DowntownerMotor Inn, 13th and Central Avenue,Kansas City, Mo., at 6:30 p.m. Programchairman: Philip L. Metzger, '38, AM'39, 4900 Tomahawk Rd., Prairie Village, Kansas, HE 2-5139.San Francisco : November 6John Hope Franklin, Professor of History, an authority on the history of theSouth and the American Negro, will meetwith the San Francisco Bay Area Clubfor a discussion and dialogue. 8:00 the Marquée Room of the Hyatt HouseHôtel, 1333 Bayshore Highway, Bur-lingame, Calif . Chairman : William Swan-berg, '43. For réservations contact MaryLeeman, 420 Market St., San Francisco,YU 1-1180.Tokyo: November 10A dinner meeting at The University ofChicago Club of Tokyo, Japan. Guestsof honor: Dr. Albert Dorfman, Professor of Biochemistry, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics, andDirector of the La Rabida-University ofChicago Institute; and Doctor Burton J.Grossman, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Médical Director of the LaRabida-University of Chicago Institute.Time and place to be announced. Chairman: Jiuji G. Kasai, '13, 448, 4-Chome,Matsubaracho Setagayaku, Tokyo.Manila : December 7Philip M. Hauser, Professor of Sociology and Director of the PopulationResearch Training Center, will addressalumni in the Philippines at the InsularLife Auditorium in Makati at 5:00 p.m.Dinner following at the Sulo Restaurant.Chairmen: Conrado Bénites, '07, 696Evangelista, Quipo, Manila; and AntonioJ. Henson, AM'51.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965Alumni News 13HUMPHERY, EDMUND C, SM'13,PhD' 15, retired distinguished chemist whoworked with the E. I. Du Pont de NemoursCo. for 37 years, received an honorary degree from Westminster Collège in Fulton,Missouri, in June. 15HOGAN, RALPH M., '15, AM'16, PhD'27,retired as head of the Manpower Branch ofthe Office of Naval Research in 1953, butafter four years accepted a lectureship instatistics at the University of Missouri. Heis currently active in the fields of OpérationsResearch, Quality Control, and Data Processing in the Department of Engineering. 16PEARCE, RHEUA (RHEUA SHOW-MAKER, '16), who taught in New Mexicoon a Navajo réservation, has returned toChicago as program director for a newProject at Hull House. Hull House is oneof four agencies participating in a WelfareCouncil of Metropolitan Chicago projectunder a 3-year grant from the U.S. PublicHealth Service. The agencies are cooperat-ing with the Chicago Board of Health, theChicago Dietetic Association, and the Visiting Nurse Association to serve hot meals tothe chronically ill or aged. Mrs. Pearce, whohas returned to the University 3 times forgraduate studies (in '53 and '54 for doctoralwork), is a grandmother of eight. 18SCOTT, RUBY T., AMT8, an Emerita Professor of English at Toledo University, Ohio,is the author of Twenty Poems and a forth-coming book of short fiction entitled LostWorlds. 19M ALONE, KEMP, PhD' 19, an eminentphilologist and Scandinavian linguist, dec-orated by both the Président of Iceland andthe King of Denmark, received an HonoraryDoctor of Humane Letters degree fromJohns Hopkins University in June. In Octo-ber of 1 964, the University of North Caro-lina conferred on him an Honorary Doctor-ate of Letters. Mr. Malone résides inBaltimore. Edmund C. Humphery 23FAUST, MILDRED E., SM'23, PhD'33, ofthe departments of bacteriology and botanyof Syracuse University was honored with adinner by her contemporaries, associâtes,and students on her retirement in June. Shehad been a member of the faculty since 1 929.FREED, GLADYS H., AM'23, PhD'26,has been appointed associate professor ofClassical Languages at Susquehanna University in Selinsgrove, Pa. 24GREENBAUM, MICHAEL, PhB'24, former vice-président of the Lake MichiganMortgage Co., Chicago, became a memberof the Fédéral Home Loan Bank Board inWashington, D.C. in April. He was swornin by Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-Ill.). 25BARRETT, J. LOUISE, '25, has retiredafter 39 years' service as the first full-timeregistrar of Virginia State Collège in Peters-burg, Va.COLEMAN, ELIZABETH LUCY, '25,former instructor of English and humanitiesat the State University of New York inStony Brook, Long Island, has been appointed assistant dean of the New School inNew York City. She lives on WashingtonSquare North in Manhattan.McMEEKIN, THOMAS L., PhD'25, a research scientist for 25 years at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Eastern Researchand Development Division in Wyndmoor,Pa., is retiring to assume a research profes-sorship at the University of South Carolinain Columbia. He has been awarded a grantby the National Science Foundation to in-vestigate relationships between the structureand properties of genetic variants of bloodand milk proteins.26BEVINGTON, MRS. MERLE (HELENBEVINGTON, '26), associate professor ofEnglish at Duke University in Durham,North Carolina, is the author of a newnovel, Charley Smith's Girl, pubîished bySimon & Schuster. The autobiographicalnovel was favorably reviewed by EDWARDWAGENKNECHT ('23, AM'24), an eminent scholar and professor of English at t*7KMJohn A. MourantBoston University: "Few family novels aremore interesting reading than this true story,. . . There is also a picture of the author'sown silly rebellions in the twenties, and ofthe University of Chicago, where EdithRickert was her favorite teacher, as shewas mine."MOURANT, JOHN A., '26, PhD'40, professor of philosophy at Pennsylvania StateUniversity in University Park, Pa., receivedone of that institution's four $1,000 annualLindback Awards for Distinguished Teaching this June. Mr. Mourant has been on thePenn State faculty since 1946. He previousljtaught at De Paul University in Chicago andthe University of Rochester, N.Y.TITUS, HAROLD H., PhD'26, chairman ofthe philosophy department at Denison University in Granville, Ohio for the past 30years, and author of several books on philosophy, was a visiting senior scholar at theInter American University of Puerto Rico'sCenter of the Emeriti in San Germân during the winter trimester. 27BERGSMA, STEWART, MD'27, has beenappointed superintendent of Pine Rest Christian Hospital, Grand Rapids, Mich. For thelast seven years he has been clinical directorand senior staff psychiatrist there. 28GOUGH, JESSIE P., AM'28, has joined thefaculty of the department of éducation alLaGrange Collège, LaGrange, Ga. She hasheld many teaching positions in publicschools and private collèges, and will teachclasses and supervise student teachers inthe field of elementary éducation. Her hus-band, Herbert F. Gough, is an administrative officer with the Tennessee Valley Au-thority.JENSEN, CHRISTIAN B., AM'28, DB'29,a Baptist pastor in Ithaca, N.Y., who is active in ecumenical and civic affairs, receivedan honorary Doctor of Divinity degree fromKeuka Collège, Keuka Park, N.Y., in June.METHENY, ELEANOR, '28, professor ofphysical éducation at the University ofSouthern California, University Park, Cal,has pubîished a collection of speeches andarticles: Connotations of Movement itSport and Dance. The volume, pubîished b)36grown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa, containsessays in the physical and aesthetic areas, aswell as on literature, psychology, and historyin the relationship between sport and dance.Miss Metheny is vice-président of the American Association of Health, Physical Education, and Récréation.—~~ 32LEIBER, FRITZ, '32, a long-time editorand free-lance writer, received the "Hugo"award in London this August for the BestScience Fiction Novel of the Year, TheWanderer, at the World Science FictionConvention. His current book-in-progress isa critical study of imaginative fiction, to bepubîished by the SIU Press in Carbondale,111.^ 33GOLDBERG, MRS. ARTHUR (DORO-THY K., '33), wife of the U.N. Ambas-sador and an accomplished artist, washonored in May at a luncheon given by theNew York Women's League for HistadrutScholarships. She was named "Woman ofthe Year" for her achievements as an artistand civic worker. Mrs. Goldberg has ex-hibited in both group and one-man showsand is program director of the AssociatedArtists Gallery, which develops programsfor community art enrichment. Her book,The Creative Woman, was pubîished in1963. 37BETHKE, ROBERT H., '37, is now executive vice-président of Doremus & Co.,N.Y.C., a discount organization.COHN, MARVIN M., '37, who was asso-ciated with the L. A. Cohn & Brother, Inc.non-ferrous smelting company in Chicagofor 16 years, has joined the Alloys andChemicals Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio. 38GURNEY, B. FRANKLIN, SM'38, associate professor of Endodontics at LoyolaUniversity School of Dentistry in Chicago,is a dental consultant to the American Dental Association, Chicago Civil Service Commission, American Hospital Association,and private industry. He wrote an articlerecently on the effects of vitarnin deficiencieson the teeth for the magazine Oral Hygiène.Dr. Gurney is a résident of Glen Ellyn, 111. Robert O. AndersonHUNTER, FLOYD, '38, AM'41, directorof the Social Science Research and Development Corporation, Berkeley, Calif., is theauthor of a new book, The Big Rich and theLittle Rich, pubîished by Doubleday. Thebook examines the rôle of great personalwealth in American community life. Theauthor of three earlier books dealing withcommunity structure, Mr. Hunter has beenpraised by the famous sociologist, C. WrightMills: "Floyd Hunter seems constitutionallyunable to be phony. . . . He is a straightfor-ward investigator who does not deceive him-self by bad writing."PORTERFIELD, JOHN D., III, MD'38,coordinator of Médical and Health Sciencesat the University of California at Berkeleyand former Deputy Surgeon General of theU.S. Public Health Service, has been nameddirector of the Joint Commission on Accréditation of Hospitals. Dr. Porterfield isa charter member of the American Board ofPréventive Medicine and past régent of theAmerican Collège of Préventive Medicine.SEIJO DE ZAYAS, ESTHER, SM'38,PhD'44, coordinator of Youth Services forPuerto Rico and a professor at the University of Puerto Rico, spoke to the New YorkCity Youth Board in June on the subject ofjuvénile delinquency in Puerto Rico. MissSeijo de Zayas' expérience has been primar-ily in the field of home économies and nutrition, and she has done extensive work onbehalf of underprivileged young people inPuerto Rico. 39ANDERSON, ROBERT O., '39, is nowChairman of the Board and Chief ExecutiveOfficer of the Atlantic Refining Company,Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. Anderson, a Trustéeof the University, is also an active civicand educational leader and philanthropist.He is chairman of the Aspen Institute forHumanistic Studies; trustée of the AndersonFoundation of New Mexico; a régent of theNew Mexico State University; and vice-chairman, Board of Trustées, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts inWashington, D.C. He was the subject of afeature article in Business Week, May 29th,1965. Mr. Anderson lives in Roswell, N.M.,with his wife and seven children.HOFFMAN, FREDERICK L, '39, a former professor at Riverside Campus of the Grâce Steininger Charles BurbridgeUniversity of California, has been appointeddistinguished professor of English at theUniversity of Wisconsin — Milwaukee. Anoted book reviewer, and author of 17books of his own, Mr. Hoffman has been anassiduous book-collector since his studentdays. His 14,000-volume collection weighs10 tons and cost $3,000 to transport fromCalifornia to Wisconsin. "Eventually," hesays, "I hope to hâve one of the biggest andbest collections of modem literature in thecountry."SEYFFER, CHARLOTTE, SM'39, a seniornurse educator with the World Health Organization assigned to the Ministry ofHealth at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, wasone of six winners of the 1965 Mary M.Roberts Writing Awards of the AmericanJournal of Nursing Company. She receivedfull expenses to attend the Bread Loaf Writ-er's Conférence at Middlebury, Vt., inAugust.STEININGER, GRACE, PhD'39, a professor in the food and nutrition departmentof the N. Y. State Collège of Home Economies, Cornell University, retired July 31.She has taught over 4,000 undergraduates,directed graduate seminars and study programs, and pubîished several works in thefield of nutrition. She lives in Ithaca, NY. 44BURBRIDGE, CHARLES, MBA'44, hasbeen re-elected to the Council of the American Collège of Hospital Administrators, aprofessional society of 6,000 hospital administrators in the United States and Canada. He represents the District of Columbia,where he is Superintendent of the Freed-men's Hospital. Mr. Burbridge formerlyworked with the Louisiana Life InsuranceCompany and the Louisiana State Department of Health. He is an active leader inseveral professional organizations, andserved as président of the Washington, D.C,Hospital Association from 1960 to 1962.CARTY, MRS. JAMES W. (MARJORIEWARREN TUFTS, '44), has joined the foreign language faculty of Bethany Collège,Bethany, W. Va.TAYLOR, RICHARD R., '44, MD'46, received a Joint Service Commendation medalfor meritorious service as a staff surgeonfor U.S. Military assistance and advisoryprograms in Thailand, 1964-65.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 37Thomas C. DeButts Henry M. Gelfand 50BOE, ARCHIE R., MBA'50, vice-présidentand secretary of the Allstate InsuranceCompany, has been designated a group vice-président at their office in Skokie, 111.BOGACH, LARISA, '50, is the new director of Polly Dunn, Inc., a personnel firm inChicago. Miss Bogach, whose professionalname is Laura Lindsay, has been in the fieldof personnel placement for 12 years.DeBUTTS, THOMAS C, JD'50, has beennamed vice-président in charge of labor relations of the Great Northern Railway, St.Paul, Minn. Mr. DeButts has been asso-ciated with Great Northern's personnel department since 1955.GELFAND, HENRY M., MD'50, a Médical Health Director with the U.S. PublicHealth Service at the Communicable Dis-eases Center in Atlanta, Ga., has just returned from a two-year stay in India. Hewas a public health adviser for the Agencyfor International Development (AID) andset up India's first National Institute ofCommunicable Diseases. Both the Americanand Indian institutions grew out of malariaeradication work, done in U.S. militarycamps during World War II, and by theMalaria Institute of India. Mr. Gelfand hasalso done much work in the field of virusvaccines.REUSS, ROBERT P., MBA'50, vice-président and gênerai manager of Illinois BellTéléphone Co., has been named to theboard of trustées of Blackburn Collège,Carlinville, 111. A résident of Springfield,111., he was recently appointed by the Gov-ernor to the Commission on Department ofCommerce. He also is a member of the ad-visory board of the Illinois Youth Commission and the Springfield Symphony Association. 51BERNSTEIN, RICHARD, '51, associateprofessor of philosophy at Yale, will be professor and chairman of the Department ofPhilosophy at Haverford Collège, Haver-ford, Pa., beginning Sept. 1, 1966.GLICK, MILTON, AM'51, PhD'63, amember of the économies faculty of Witten-berg University in Springfield, Ohio, for six Edwin F. Aideryears, has been appointed associate professor.PEOLES JOHN A., AM'51, PhD'61, whoisvice-président and assistant to the présidentof Jackson State Collège in Mississippi, hasjoined the administrative staff of HarpurCollège (Endicott, N.Y.) for the 1965-66académie year. As a participant in the Académie Administration Internship Program,Mr. Peoples will work as a trainee in collège administration under Harpur's président, Mr. Bruce Dearing. Selected as a participant in this program by the AmericanCouncil on Education, Mr. Peoples' careerincluded 13 years of public school expérience in the Gary, Indiana, school System, asa mathematics teacher and principal, beforehe assumed his présent position at JacksonState.RAINWATER, LEE, AM'51, PhD'54, hasbeen made full professor of sociology atWashington University in St. Louis. He wasformerly head of Social Research, Inc. inChicago, a consumer research firm.STATHAM, NORMAN G., MBA'51, former supervisor in the personnel and industrial relations department of the Emeryville,Calif., research center of the Shell Oil Co.,is now in the wage and salary division ofthe firm's New York offices.TABER, EDWIN M., MBA'51, of LakeBluff, 111., has been elected président ofNorth Shore Gas Company. 52ALDER, EDWIN F., SM'52, a former Full-bright student in Norway who joined theplant science division of Eli Lilly and Company in 1957, is now assistant director ofthe plant science division of the company'sagricultural research effort. He lives in Indi-anapolis with his wife and three children.CHLADEK, MARIAN, AM'52, is current-ly director of the Division of Nursing, Wyo-ming Dept. of Public Health, in Cheyenne.She also is on the Committee on the Healthof the Agricultural Migrant of the WesternBranch of the American Public Health Association, and is a spécial consultant to theMigrant Division of the U.S. Public HealthService. She is especially concerned with thehealth problems of migrant workers, andshe recently wrote a study on the subjectfor the American Journal of Nursing. LATTYAK, JOSEPH B., MBA'52, who ha,worked at the United States Gypsum Cosince 1951, was recently named Administra-tive Manager of their Eastern Administra-tion Center in New York City.VAJDA, EMIL H., AM'52, PhD'60, f0r.merly assistant professor of sociology aWisconsin State Collège (Oshkosh, Wisc.)is now Associate Professor of Sociology andacting head of the department at BethanjCollège, Bethany, W. Va. Mr. Vajda is aspecialist in urban studies and is a memberof national sociological associations. 53GENTILE, ARTHUR C, PhD'53, a bota-nist and authority on plant metabolism andphysiology, is assistant dean of the graduate school and director of research servicesat the University of Massachusetts at Am-herst.ORLOFF, WARREN D., '53, '54, chiefactuary and head of the pension section ofMarsh & McLennan, Inc., a San Franciscoinsurance brokerage firm, was made a Fellow of the Society of Actuaries last AugustPETERSEN ARLENE, '53, a former research project worker for the Chicago Tribune,, has been named Associate ReseardiDirector in charge of Creative Research atGardner Advertising Company in Ne»York. She has been with the firm since 1964 54EGAN, JOHN L, MBA'54, was named aiassistant treasurer of Container Corp. ofAmerica at their Chicago headquarters thisJune. He lives in the Chicago suburb ofLombard with his wife and five children,and has served as Lombard park districtcommissioner since 1953. 56 .GOCHMAN, DAVID, '56, '57, is Staff Editer for Psychology, International Encyclo-pedia of the Social Sciences, to be pubîishedin 1966-67, and was formerly Assistant Professor and Chairman of the Psychology Department at Park Collège, Parkville, Mo-He has done research on cognitive development in children, and has pubîished articleson children's literature.GUTERMAN, STANLEY S., '56, a PhDcandidate at Columbia University, was38Joseph M. Cooglenamed Assistant Professor of Sociology atCarleton University in Ottawa, Ontario,Canada. For the two previous years he helda fellowship from the National Institute ofMental Health.JOHNSON, FALK S., PhD'56, associateprofessor of English at the University ofIllinois at Chicago Circle, is the author ofa new book on collège freshman composition, lmproving What You Write, pubîishedby Houghton, Mifflin Co.MIDLER, JOSEPH L., '56, AM'59, has recently joined the Logistics Department ofthe Rand Corporation in Santa Monica,Calif-RENSENBRINK, JOHN, PhD'56, who hasjust spent two years in Tanzania as ChiefEducation Adviser with the Agency for International Development, is now teachingin the Department of Government and Légal Studies at Bowdoin Collège in Brunswick, Me. 57BOUSEMAN, JOHN W., AM'57, Dean ofCentral YMCA Community Collège in Chicago, has been awarded a John R. MottSpecii!! Fellowship for one year of graduatestudy. Mr. Bouseman is writing his PhDdissertation at the University.CHEN, WEN CHAI, AM'57, Collège li-brarian and professor of political science atKalamazoo Collège in Michigan, has beengiven the additional position of director ofAcadémie Services. The major responsibilityof this newly-created job will be the administration of Kalamazoo's "senior thesis" program. His other functions will include thesecuring of faculty research grants and theexpansion of the library. 58ACKERT, MRS. MAX B. (HELEN OL-SON ACKERT, AM'58), assistant professorof nursing at Northern Illinois UniversitySchool of Nursing in DeKalb, recently pubîished an article in Nursing Outlook, dealingwith the problems of providing meaningfulexpériences for nurses training in the fieldof public health. The article contains a discussion of her work at NIU in arrangingwell-planned case-loads for her students.CARSCH, HENRY DEAN, AM'58, is nowon the faculty of Carlton Collège in North- field, Minn., where he teaches in the sociology department. He was married in July toLeslie Cantrell Smith of Washington, D.C.COOGLE, JOSEPH M., MBA'58, has joinedKetchum, MacLeod & Grove as an adver-tising account executive. Before his employ-ment by the Pittsburgh advertising firm, hewas for seven years a marketing managerwith Pillsbury in Minneapolis.HUBBARD, P. DAVID, MBA'58, a member of the Investment Analysts Society ofChicago, was recently promoted to assistantcashier at the Harris Trust and SavingsBank.MOORE, I. ANDREW, '58, '61, MBA'61,previously assistant cashier and then assistant vice-président of the Beverly Bank inChicago, has been named vice-président ofthat organization.SIMON, JULIAN L., MBA'58, PhD'61, ateacher at the University of Illinois, is theauthor of a McGraw-Hill book, How toStart and Operate a Mail-Order Business,based on his own expérience in the fieldand on the study of mail-order businessesaround the country. 59BURKE, RICHARD L, PhD'59, whojoined the faculty of Oakland University inRochester, Mich., as an assistant professorof philosophy in 1959, has been named associate professor.COLCHIN, CHARLES E., MBA'59, waselected an assistant vice-président of the National Boulevard Bank in Chicago.COLIN, STUART, SM'59, PhD'63, joinedthe faculty of the University of Illinois inUrbana as an assistant professor in the Department of Mining Metallurgy and Petroleum Engineering this September. He was aResearch Associate at the University and aNational Science Fellow for the past yearat the Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires in Saclay,France.GRANT, RICHARD L., MD'59, AM'61,and Mrs. Grant (SUSAN LEE JORDAN,'58) became the parents of their third child,Rebecca Lynn, in May. The Grants live inLake Oswego, near Portland, Ore., wherehe is completing a residency in psychiatryat the University of Oregon Médical SchoolHospitals and Clinics. Mrs. Grant is at work on a thesis on children's oral poetry, anarea of folklore.GROSSMAN, RONALD P., '59, PhD'65,former instructor of history at the University of Nebraska and former assistant professor of history at St. Olaf Collège in Minnesota, has joined the humanities faculty ofMichigan State University at East Lansing,Mich. He holds the rank of assistant professor.MOORE, THOMAS GALE, AM'59, PhD'61, is associate professor of économies atMichigan State University in East Lansing.He was formerly a research associate withthe Chase Manhattan Bank and subsequent-ly assistant professor of économies at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. 60BLACKWELL, ASHBY C, PhD'60, hasbeen named 1965 Alumni Fund Campaignchairman for the U of C in Charleston, E.Va. Mr. Blackwell is on the staff of MorrisHarvey Collège there.CARLSON, ROLLAND S., MBA'60, instructor at North Park Collège in Chicagoand a director of Swedish Covenant Hospital, was recently promoted to assistantvice-président of the Harris Trust and Savings Bank.CHURCH, MARTHA, PhD'60, is dean ofWilson Collège, a private school for womenin Chambersburg, Pa. An authority in thefield of geography, which she will teach atWilson, Miss Church was formerly a facultymember of Wellesley Collège in Massachusetts.KAMEGAI, MINAO, SM'60, PhD'63, nowliving in Schenectady, N.Y., is a researchphysicist with the Knolls Atomic PowerLaboratory of General Electric. He and hiswife, Bette, are the parents of a 7-month-olddaughter, Stéphanie Marié Haunani. TheKamegais live near the Mohawk River, ina part of Schenectady "that is an interestingpréservation and restoration of the originalstockaded plot of the first Dutch settlers."KATES, ROBERT W., AM'60, PhD'62, ageographer who specializes in the study ofwater resource management and works onthe National Research Council Committeethat is studying the 1964 Alaskan earth-quake, has been named associate professorof geography at Clark University, Wor-cester, Mass.The University of Chicago Magazine, November 1965 39Brenda M.MaslukMASLUK, BRENDA M. (BRENDAMARILYN MARTINEZ, '60), was amonga sélect group of 50 high school scienceteachers to attend an 8-week seminar atStanford designed to bring teachers up todate with récent discoveries. The seminarwas sponsored by the Shell Oil Company.Mrs. Masluk is a physics teacher at the Hor-ton Watkins High School in Ladue, Mo. 61AXTELL, ROBERT C, MBA'61, an AirForce Captain with the Space Systems Division in Los Angeles, received the U.S. AirForce Commendation Medal for meritori-ous service as a nuclear research projectofficer at SSD.BRENNAN, KINSLEY B., '61, is in ad-vanced jet pilot training at Laredo Air ForceBase in Texas. He will receive his pilot'swings in May, 1966.CARBONE, ROBERT F., PhD'61, directorof the Master of Arts in Teaching programat Emory University in Atlanta, Ga., hasreceived a grant from the Ellis L. PhillipsFoundation for an internship in académieadministration with Robert Clodius, Vice-Président of the University of Wisconsin.He was recommended by James B. Conantof Harvard, and will study académie administration by observing and participating inthe University of Wisconsin's opérations.GOLDBERG, JANICE B., AM'61, wasappointed associate professor of educationalpsychology at Morgan State Collège, Baltimore, Md., September 1.KAFKA, GEORGE B., MBA'61, has beenappointed gênerai manager of Dewey andAlmy Chemical Division, W. R. Grâce &Co. of Canada Ltd., Montréal.KIRKPATRICK, ROBERT A., MBA'61,has been appointed manager of marketingand customer services for Jefferson ElectricCompany, Bellwood, 111. Before joining Jefferson, he was a sales représentative forIBM in Chicago.MAGNUSON, RICHARD L, MBA'61, ispublic utilities analyst for the Chicago in-vestment bankers and brokers, A. G. Becker& Co. He was formerly in charge of the utilities section of the investment departmentof the Northern Trust Company of Chicagoand a director of the Public Utility SecuritiesClub of Chicago. Kenneth J.Martin 62AUERBACH, JESSE, '62, under the pen-name of Josh Dunson, has pubîished his firstbook, Frèedom in the Air; song movementsof the 60's (International Publishers). Thebook contains a discussion of the folk-songmovement, based on Mr. Dunson's exten-sive career of writing for folk-music jour-nals and on his personal contact with lead-ing folk-music figures.BIENERT, LAWRENCE G., AM'62, manager of the Roger Williams Press in Chicagosince 1960 and former pastor of a Baptistchurch in North Dakota, has been appointedassistant to the président of Illinois Collègeat Jacksonville.DAVIS, GEORGE H., MAT'62, has beenappointed instructor in American history atLake Forest Collège, Lake Forest, 111. Hehas taught at Gary Extension of IndianaUniversity and was assistant chief historianfor Who Was Who in America, HistoricalVolume, 1607-1896 (Chicago, 1963).HELLER, DAVID B., MBA'62, who hasserved as operating vice-président and treas-urer of A. G. Becker & Co., a Chicago investment firm, is now a member of theboard of directors.MARTIN, KENNETH L, MBA'62, whohas been with the marketing division of Motorola, Inc. since 1958, is Marketing Manager of Digital Data Systems for their Chicago Military Electronics Center.NIEHOUSE, OLIVER L., MBA'62, formerly with the Chicago office of the SunbeamCorp., has been named Managing Directorof that company's branch in East Kilbride,Scotland. He will also be a member of Sun-beam's European Management Committee,with responsibilities for directing their opérations on the Continent. 63ALIPURIA, HARI B., MBA'63, originallyof Chandigarh, India, is now teachingmathematics at the Central YMCA Community Collège in Chicago.CARROLL, R. BRUCE, PhD'63, formerassistant professor of government at SmithCollège, joined the Middlebury Collège (Vt.)faculty this September as associate professorof political science. He is the author of sev- Richard J .Reillyeral books on government and public ad-ministration.FIRMAGE, EDWIN BROWN, JD'63,LLM'64, JSD'64, has been selected fronjamong 3,000 applicants as one of this year'sfifteen White House Scholars. Mr. Firmageis an assistant professor of law at the University of Missouri School of Law and liveswith his family in Columbia, Mo.SYNEK, MIROSLAV, PhD'63, is associateprofessor of physics in the graduate schoolof DePaul University, Chicago. He recentljmarried ROSEMARIE WAHL, SM'61, thegreat-granddaughter of a noted early Mil-waukee settler. 64BOYD, DONALD B., MBA'64, has beennamed executive assistant manager of TheMadison Hôtel in Washington, D.C. Priotto this appointment, he worked as a management adviser in Chicago and was alsoaffiliated with that city's Edgewater BeachHôtel and The Mayflower in Washington,REILLY, RICHARD L, MBA'64, has beennamed a patent attorney in the law department of Baxter Laboratories, a manufacturer of médical equipment.LAIRD BELL, JD'07, Honorary Trustée,died October 21. Mr. Bell was Chairmanof the Board of Trustées from 1949 to1953, and held important posts in othereducational institutions, in government,and in business. He was senior partner inthe Chicago law firm of Bell, Boyd,Lloyd, Haddad, and Burns. He receivedthe Alumni Medal in 1943. His home wasat 1350 Tower Road, Winnetka, 111.Président George W. Beadle said: "LairdBell was a respected and highly effectivemember of The University of Chicagoacadémie community, who won the affection of ail who knew him. He will beespecially remembered for his determinedand articulate défense of our facultyduring the early 1950's, when it was thevogue for many to attack the freedomsthat productive faculties require in oursociety. I join with Trustées, faculty,staff, and students in mourning the pass-ing of Mr. Bell. His intellectual contributions to the development of theUniversity were many and they will belong remembered."40ÇALEIVDARNovember 1-30Exhibit: "100 Years with Alice in manytongues: selected works from the library0f prof. Léon Carnovsky," commemorat-ing the lOOth anniversary of Alice inWonderland. Harper Library, main and.6th floors.Exhibit: "A Half Century of SocialWork Research," at the School of SocialService Administration.November 91965 Haskell Lectures: "Folk Religionin Japan: Continuity and Change." IchiroHori, Visiting Professor in the DivinitySchool and Professor of History ofReligions at Tokyo and Tohoku Universities, speaking on "Mountains and TheirImportance for the Idea of the OtherWorld." Swift Hall, 3:30 p.m.Folk Dancing: 8:00 p.m. at Ida Noyés.November 10Lecture: Archaeological Institute ofAmerica, Douglas Feaver on "Music andMusical Instruments of the Greeks,"Breasted Hall, 8:30 p.m.November 11Démocratie Socialists lecture: PaulGoodman, speaker. International House,8:30 p.m.November 12Works of the Mind Lecture Séries:Elder Oison on "Poetry as Poetry."Downtown Center, 64 E. Lake St., room201, 8:00 p.m.Musical Society Concert. Mandel Hall,Noon.November 12-13Light Opéra: Gilbert and Sullivan'sIolanthe; the Gilbert & Sullivan Society,sponsored by the Laboratory School Parents Association. Mandel Hall, 8:30 p.m.Conférence on "Consumer Crédit andthe Poor," at the Law School.November 14International House Day célébration:candlelight ceremony; speaker to be an-nounced. International House, 3:30 p.m.November 161965 Haskell Lectures: "Folk Religionin Japan: Continuity and Change." IchiroHori, Visiting Professor in the DivinitySchool and Professor of History of Religions at Tokyo and Tohoku Universities, speaks on "Japanese Shamanism."Swift Hall, 3: 30 p.m.Laboratory School Music Récital. LawSchool Auditorium, 8:30 p.m.November 18-21University Théâtre: Sophocles' Electra.Law School Auditorium, 8:30 p.m.November 19Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, in a lecture-démonstration, sponsored by the Halper-in Fund. Mandel Hall, 8:30 p.m.Musical Society Concert. Mandel Hall,Noon.November 20Student Woodlawn Area Project(SWAP) concert: Oscar Brown, folk-singer. Mandel Hall, 8:30 p.m.November 22Student Government Speakers' Program, Lecture : James Farmer of CORE.Mandel Hall, 8:30 p.m.November 231965 Haskell Lectures: "Folk Religionin Japan: Continuity and Change." IchiroHori, Visiting Professor in the DivinitySchool and Professor of History ofReligions at Tokyo and Tohoku Universities, speaks on "The New Religions andthe Survival of Shamanistic Tendencies."Swift Hall, 3: 30 p.m.Folk Dancing: 8:00 p.m. at Ida Noyés.November 26Musical Society concert. Mandel Hall,Noon.November 27Réception and dance honoring LatinAmerican Students and Consuls in theChicago area, sponsored by the PanAmerican Board of Education. International House, 7:00 p.m.November 27— December 2219th Annual Exhibit of "ContemporaryArt for Young Collectors," sponsored bythe Renaissance Society. GoodspeedHall; weekdays, 10-5; weekends, 1-5.November 30Folk Dancing: 8:00 p.m. at Ida Noyés.December 1-18Exhibition of Student Art. The CourtGallery of the Midway Studios.December 6Center for Urban Studies lecture séries,"Key Figures Discuss Public Affairs":H. Cari Goldenberg, Royal Commission-er of Metropolitan Toronto, on "Metropolitan Toronto: an Experiment inMunicipal Fédération." Breasted Hall,10:00 a.m. December 8Oriental Institute Lecture: John D.Cooney, Curator of Egyptology andClassical Art of the Cleveland Muséumof Art. Breasted Hall, 8:30 p.m.From the MidwayNovember programs for the University's radio séries, "From the Midway":Robert D. Hess, Professor in the Committee on Human Development, on"Culture and Cognition"; Martin E.Marty, Associate Professor of Theology,on "Society and Its Rules"; William Mc-Neill, Professor of History, on "The Artof Historianship"; and Harold Haydon,Associate Professor of Art, on "Pop, Op,Oops, Over, and Out'.' The programs canbe heard on the following radio stations(broadeast time indicated, where available) :Ann Arbor, Michigan, WUOM, 1 :00p.m. FridaysBaltimore, Maryland, WFMM-FM, 9:30a.m. SundaysBerkeley, California, KPFABinghamton, New York, WNBF, 10:05p.m. SundaysBoston, Massachusetts, WBURCharlottesville, Virginia, WTJU-FMChicago, Illinois, WAIT, 4: 30 p.m.SundaysChicago, Illinois, WFMF, 7 : 00 a.m.SundaysCleveland, Ohio, WCLV, 10:00 p.m.SundaysEast Lansing, Michigan, WKAR, 4:00p.m. SundaysHartford, Connecticut, WPOPHonolulu, Hawaii, KNDI, 10:00 a.m.SundaysIndianapolis, Indiana, WICR-FM, 6:00p.m. SundaysInterlochen, Michigan, WIAA, 6:00p.m. SundaysKnoxville, Tennessee, WUOT-FM,11:30 a.m. WednesdaysMilwaukee, Wisconsin, WFMR, 4 : 00p.m. Sundays and 1 1 :00 a.m.WednesdaysMinneapolis, Minnesota, KWFM, 10:00p.m. SundaysNew York, New York, WBAINew York, New York, WRVR, 10:30p.m. MondaysNorth Hollywood, California, KPFKPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, WUHY-FMPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, WXPN,9:00 p.m. WednesdaysSt. Louis, Missouri, KSTL-FM, 6:45a.m.Seattle, Washington, KING-FM, 8:00p.m. TuesdaysTerre Haute, Indiana, WTHI, 8 :00 p.m.SundaysWashington, D.C, Voice of AmericaWhat's so modem abouta literary movementfifty years old?uThe time of the stories is 1916; the war in Europe is asremote as the war in Vietnam today. The xenophobia isnot dated. . . .Vacationing couples today are not sodifférent in Rome from the Gullibles in Florida. "-JOSEPHINE HERBST,in her introduction to the new édition > / GULLIBLE'S TRAVELS.ETC,short stories by Ring Lardner. $3.95"... of interest to us is the word grotesque, and the assurancehe feel» that this word speaks for him Fifty years afterAnderson settled on this word to describe his own breed ofnative, it seems clear that grotesques, in one form or another,appear to be what is modernin our literature."— WRIGHT MORRIS,in his introduction to the new édition ofEt WINDY McPHERSON'S SON, a novel by SherwoodAnderson. $5.95"... Fuller, having described the conflict of integrity andopportunism for himself in his own décades, describes it aswell for us in ours. Few literary restorations are more to theprésent point."— MARK HARRIS, in his introduction to the newédition of WITH THE PROCESSION, a novel byHenry B. Fuller. $4.95" This is a mère sampling of the fare that tumbled out of the teeming minds ofthe young men who haunted Chicago's grimy newspaper offices a half-century and more ago, sharpening their pens on the flinty edges of life itselfand pouring their hearts out in books that shocked a complacent nation. Howgood they ail are."-HARRiSON E. salisbury, in his New York Times reviewof the first three books in the Chicago in Fiction séries.CHICAGO IN FICTIONSaul Beiiow, Advisory EditorFew writers associated with the Chicago Renaissance are still inprint today. Yet the Chicago School of social realism has had sostrong an influence on American letters that it can be describedas the wellspring of the contemporary realistic novel. CHICAGO INFICTION, now under the editorial supervision of Saul Bellow, is aséries of reprints of novels and stories by writers of the ChicagoSchool, chosen and introduced by distinguished heirs of the Chicago tradition. "The first three books bear out the express purposeof the project which is to publish not only those volumes whichhâve historical importance but which can be read 'simply for thepleasure they give'."— Robert kirsch, Los Angeles Times.*3&) THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESSChicago and London