DECEMBER 1964 >-. 1*UNIVERS ITY OFCHICAGOmagazine" '."::'•Could a U.S. firm that helpedsave a cotton crop abroadolso hâve a hand in keepingJayne Tippmans skin soft? IYou'd expect that a U.S. company engagée! in mining, dozen major plastics, along with plastic bottles andproduction and marketing in over a hundred countries packaging films. And it's one of the world's most diver-might hâve an impact on many national économies. And sified private enterprises in the field of atomic'd be right. For instance, with an insecticide sold un- Among its consumer products are "Eveready" batteriesder the trade mark "Sevin," this company was largely and "Prestone" anti-freeze. Its carbon products includeresponsible for saving a middle east cotton crop. the largest graphite cylinders ever formed, for possibleAnd when a leading chemical mqnufacturer's prod- use in solid-fuel rockets. Its gases, liquefied throughucts include silicones, which hâve a soothing and pro- cryogénies— the science of supercold— include liquidtective effect on skin, they're bound to turn up in skin oxygen and hydrogen that will be used to propel thelotions, creams, and emollients. JayneTippman usesthem space ships designed to reach the keep a glowing complexion that weather can't beat. In fact, few other corporations are so deeply in-Cotton fields and skin lotions are unlikely ^^^^^^^^ volved in so many différent skills and activitiesmarkets for one company's products. Unless ¦BJfflFJ^H that will affect the technical and productionthat company is Union Carbide. ^^^^^^^^J capabilities of our next century.But then, Union Carbide also makes half a ^^^^f^^^ It's a future that glows like Jayne Tippman.UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, 270 PARK AVENUE. NEW YORK, N. Y. 10017. IN CANADA: UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED, TORONTODivisions: Carbon Products, Chemicals, Consumer Products, Food Products, International, Linde, Metals, Nuclear, Olefins, Ore, Plastics, Silicones and Stellite-JPublished for alumni and friends of The University of Chicago,and ail others interested in the pursuit of knowledge.Published since 1907l"m%m-if|§VOL. LVII NO. 3DECEMBER, 1964Annual subscription $5.00Single copy 50 centsPublished monthly, October through June.Nine issues per year.W. V. MORGENSTERN, Acting EditorHARRY DREISER, Editorial ConsultantVIRGINIA C. HILL, Editorial AssistantTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637Téléphone: Mldway 3-0800, Extension 3241Area Code: 312Published monthly, October through June, by the Universityof Chicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue,Chicago, Illinois 60637. Annual subscription price, $5.00.Single copies, 50 cents. Second class postage paid atChicago, Illinois. Advertising agent: American AlumniMagazines, 22 Washington Square, New York, New York.©Copyright 1964 The University of Chicago Magazine.Ail rights reserved. niversityhîcagoMAGAZINEContents for DecemberFEATURESMémorandum on the Collège, Part 1by Edward H. Levi, ProvostCrisis in Chicago's Public Schoolsby Philip M. HauserBeginnings of the Libraryby Edward A. Henry, '07The '68 Génération of Alumni Families 2122122DEPARTMENTSAlumni Events and AnnouncementsNews of the QuadranglesMemorialsNews of the Alumni 10182426PHOTO CREDITS: The Cover — Gable of Rockefeller Mémorial Chapel, Christ, the centralfigure, flanked by the Apostles Peter (r.) and Paul (I.) — Rus Arnold; Back Cover —Angel, Bond Chapel — Ann Pletinger; (3) U. of C. Office of Public Relations; (8, 9)Danny Lyon; (12, 15) Chicago Public Schools; (14, girl) Chicago Sun-Times; (18) UPICommercial; (19) Théodore M. Switz; (20) Wayne Studios, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.;(23) Stan Karter.]si AUGURATES NEW EDUCATIONSffiT MOS5 GKOWN TRADITIONS ANDCU5TOMS DISCARDED. AN EFFORT TO JUSTlFYTHETirviE AND MOIMEY SPENT IN COLLEGEWORK. MAKES LEARNING AN OPPORTUN ITYCopyright, 1930, by The Chicago Tribune. f /C/d/^f 'TOff/z~Orf 'RÉUrVWe IMPORTANCE- Of TwO ANNOUNCÊME'NTSTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964PART ONE:MEMORANDUMONTHECOLLEGEBy Edward H. Levi, ProvostAs has frequently been observed, The Universityof Chicago did not begin as a collège and grow into auniversity. Conflicts and balance between teachingand research, as reflected in an emphasis on under-graduate or graduate work, hâve been with the University since the beginning. The original Harper planwas critized because it attempted to be both a collège and a university in the same institution. Harper'soriginal emphasis was in favor of research, but he wasgreatly interested in gênerai éducation. He developedthe junior collège as the main instrument for gêneraiéducation and as the means of coordinating the lasttwo years of high school work with the first two yearsof the collège.Thirty years later the University Senate reflectedslrains within the institution when it announced that"tbis University can perform its most distinguishedservice to éducation through its graduate and profes-sional schools" and suggested a limitation of undergraduate instruction. Dean Boucher later describedM period as a time when "undergraduate work wasSrossly neglected; even worse, the Collège came to be'egarded by some members of the family as an un-»anted, ill-begotten brat that should be disinherited.Wrly ail finally agreed that we had reached a situa-K>n that necessitated a décision either to abandon theCollège or to develop it . . . ."The Collège, of course, was not abandoned. Instead Président Burton took the position that its developmentwas "no less obligatory than the development of thework of the Graduate and Professional schools." In hisview, the University had then reached a stage whereundergraduate and graduate éducation should receivethat discriminating attention which each in its owncharacter demanded. The rationale for granting equalemphasis was in part that "the University is dominatedby the idea of research and that such research mustbe carried on in ail the social sciences and surely, notleast, in éducation."Five years later Président Hutchins in his inauguraladdress reaffirmed this position. He recognized that"the emphasi» on productive scholarship that hascharacterized the University from the beginning andmust characterize it to the end has naturally led torepeated questions as to the place and future of ourcollèges . . . . At times, therefore, members of thefaculty hâve urged that we withdraw from undergraduate work, or at least from the first two years ofit. But we do not propose to abandon or dismemberthe collèges .... If the University 's function is toattempt solutions of difficult educational problems. . . it cannot retreat from the field of undergraduatework . . . ."The fact is that throughout the history of the University, and despite the statements of discontent, whichin themselves are characteristic of the restless spiritÙECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 3of this place, undergraduate éducation has alwaysbeen a principal and honored part of the University'swork. In the early years this was in accord with astrong sensé of mission to reveal the héritage receivedfrom the past. In later years the University's viewof itself as somehow unique compelled a particularconcern for the shape of undergraduate éducation.The académie leadership of the Collège through dean-ships or similar posts has been in the hands of suchmen as James R. Angell, George E. Vincent, DavidAlan Robertson, Ernest Hatch Wilkins, ChaunceyBoucher, Aaron J. Brumbaugh, Clarence Faust, F.Champion Ward, Robert E. Streeter, and Alan Simpson.An almost continuous dialogue has produced notable steps and experiments. Among thèse are thejunior collège idea, the integrated first year, the orientation period, the gênerai survey courses, gênerai éducation courses rooted in the larger dimensions of aparticular subject matter, the emphasis on discussionand on the understanding of classical materials, theconception of required training in the major human-istic and scientific disciplines, the effort to coordinateor unify the last two years of high school work withthe first two years of collège and to join specializedtraining with graduate work, early admission, acceler-ated programs, the séparation of examinations fromcourse crédits, and the development of tutorial studies.In the last few years the Collège has been among theleading universities developing out of the intellectualresources of the University undergraduate courses inthe study of non-western areas.The vitality of the Collège has been derived lessfrom set programs than from the vigor of both debateand development. Its educational philosophy has notbeen frozen. Not ail of the changes hâve been permanent; nor were they intended to be, despite the vigorwith which they were developed and the convictionwhich they necessarily represented. Since the University as a whole is characterized by lively interactionamong its ruling bodies and its disciplines, it is notsurprising that the Collège, which in itself has a particular mission to unify, should not be insulated fromthe strains and influences of various aspects of university life.Protective barriers, however important, hâve beenhard to maintain and where maintained too long hâvebeen self-defeating. The protection which the University has always given to expérimental programs isdifférent from a separatism which would reflect a lackof involvement and a lack of concern on the part ofthe institution as a whole. That kind of separatismwould be contrary to the spirit of unifying purposeand community which has characterized our institution.Undergraduate éducation is then a matter of vital concern for the entire University. But there are manyproblems to be faced.Chief among thèse problems is the appropriât^relationship between gênerai and specialized educa*tion and the relevance of each to libéral éducation,The collèges hâve a mission to train citizens, and citi-zens in some sensé are gêner alists. The collèges hâve amission to carry forward through their students amastery of our culture and, increasingly, an unde%standing of other societies and their traditions. Morethan the récognition of relevant areas of subject mat-ter is involved. Because the students will be the citizens and the protectors and interpreters of our valuesand society, collèges cannot be indiffèrent to the stu-dent's récognition of value structures, his appréciationof the works of the mind, his grasp of the richness oflife, his discerning intelligence, his compassion, indeedhis character.This combined emphasis on citizenship, on thecultural values and on the growth of the individualstudent has directed the content of gênerai éducationto an examination of the great works and thèmes ofour past and to instruction in the arts necessary forcomprehending the structures of human reasoning.For many reasons, and in part because of the natureof the thèmes involved, there has been a tendencyto equate gênerai éducation and training for citizenship and individual growth with work in the humani-ties alone. The curriculum of our Collège protestssuch a conclusion. But the growth in knowledge, ingraduate study, and in the prerequisites for graduatestudy has kept alive a question as to the basic différence between knowledge treated in a professionalor specialized manner and knowledge approached asgênerai or libéral éducation.Because of the spécial problems posed by undergraduate éducation, the Collège has sometimes beenthought to test the désire of the University to besomething more than a research institute and theproducer of scholars. But the problems of libéral éducation, the inter-relationships of knowledge, and thenature of specialized work exist at many levels withina université A Collège which provides a forum forthe discussion of evolving théories which encompassand point the way to new knowledge and restatefundamental thèmes adds greatly to the life of theUniversity and to the reality of the community. More-over, it is through the Collège that the Universitymay well exercise its greatest influence upon futureteachers and scholars and their students in collègesand universities throughout our country.At the présent time the Collège approaches theproblem of gênerai éducation with ten basic courses(and some alternative modifications) to be taken bythe student within a period of time which permitsonly eight courses. Thèse courses are a current ver-4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964sion of a pioneering effort to restate ideas in thehumanities, social sciences and natural sciences, tointerpret institutions and thought within a culture,to provide training in the arts of reading, writing,speaking and mathematics, and to give a certainamount of instruction in a foreign language.Placement examinations taken by ail students makeit possible for the requirement of ten courses to bereduced to eight because the students hâve "placedout", hâve corne within a reasonable distance of doingso, or hâve had the requirements mitigated. The student who has not "placed out" of more than twocourses thus has in effect two years of gênerai éducation work. While thèse gênerai éducation coursesneed not ail be taken in the first two years, the pro-gram reflects a kind of division of the four years intoa gênerai éducation period followed by specializeddepartmental courses.I realize that it is not entirely correct to speak ofthe last two years in this f ashion. To do so is to neglectsuch important developments as General Studies inthe Humanities, Tutorial Studies, Spécial Honors,General Studies in the Social Sciences, Advanced Undergraduate Research in the Biological Sciences, anda somewhat similar program in the Physical Sciences.It neglects also to some extent the expanded influenceand jurisdiction of the Collège and the collaborationamong the Collège, the departments, and the divisions.The basic gênerai éducation courses are staff -taughtand hâve been worked out by them. They are not,as has sometimes been suggested, unchangeable. Theyare subject to change and hâve changed. For example,three variants are offered for a portion of the BiologySéquence. An experiment is now taking place to relatethe English composition course with the student's expérience in the gênerai Humanities course. The SocialSciences gênerai courses hâve been substantially re-organized, and a whole séries of non-western civiliza-tion courses has been introduced. To a considérableextent the courses are interdisciplinary and they relyheavily on discussion. Where appropriate, they arebuilt around original writings, frequently in translation, rather than on text books. They represent whathas corne to be regarded as the Chicago tradition.In the course of examining the présent Collège program, I hâve heard discussions on it by most of themembers of the Collège faculty; and I hâve talkedwith many of the Collège students. In gênerai thestudents are proud of the gênerai éducation courses.They regard them as Chicago's unique contributionto libéral éducation. Praise of the gênerai éducationcourses is mixed, as one would expect, with spécifiecriticisms, on which there is less agreement, on theconduct of spécifie courses or sections. The point wasfrequently made that discussion groups of approxi-mately twenty-five students are no longer regarded by students as small group discussions; there is a désirefor more individual and tutorial work.There is pride in the fact that most instruction isin the hands of full-time members of the faculty andhas not usually been given by graduate students. Onthe other hand in those limited areas where graduatestudents hâve been used, the students hâve sometimescommented favorably. To some extent, I assume thereactions of the students were based upon what theyhâve been told and their désire to identify Chicago'suniqueness. There is a certain antipathy to the ideaof large lecture courses as not being Chicago's way5and because being talked at is not as good as discussion or reading for one's self.There seems to be gênerai agreement that the requirement of some work in common for ail studentsin the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences is highly désirable. With notable exceptionsthere was less satisfaction expressed with the morespecialized work of the last two years; there was lessenthusiasm and pride in their accomplishments in thisarea of work than might hâve been expected.The appropriate staffing of the gênerai éducationcourses présents very real difficulties for the Collègeand for the University. The demands made by manyof thèse courses upon the instructors are heavy. Tosome extent they are interdisciplinary and require amultidisciplinary background. It has been importantto the Collège to hâve the same instructor lead thestudents in his section through ail phases of the courseséquence. There are obvious advantages to this, butit increases the burden. The work of the gênerai éducation courses poses difficulties, although there aresome countervailing advantages for the teacher whonaturally wishes to contribute as a scholar to theknowledge and uïiderstanding of a particular area.Thèse are not new problems, but they are not lessserious on that account. It is a matter of concern tothe Collège and to the University that the quality ofthe University's faculty, which is its pride, be main-tained through appointments to the Collège. This isnot to suggest that this has not been the case but tosuggest, as the compétition for faculty increases, andperhaps as multidisciplinary backgrounds become lessfréquent, that some spécial inventive measures maybe required. Until thèse hâve been tried, it is not clearwhether the présent form of the gênerai éducationcourses can be maintained. Surely the attempt isworthwhile.The relationship of Collège and departmental appointments has complicated the situation. The originalmémorandum from Président Hutchins to the University Senate on the reorganized Collège provideothat "each member of the Collège faculty would bea member of some other division." There were changesin that policy. In the last three years, however, there6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964**&» \ ¥DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE8 THE UNIVERSITY has been a renewed attempt to encourage joint ap.pointments. In 1963 there were 107 appointments inthe Collège only, and 72 on joint appointment; in 1964,77 appointments in the Collège only, and 102 on jointappointment. Because of the scope and orientationof the Collège, which is more akin to the divisionsthan to the departments, it is understandable that insome circumstances a particular departmental appointment might nofbe most appropriate. For such cases,divisional appointments would be helpful. It is notsuggested that ail Collège appointments need be joint,The last two years of the undergraduate programsuffer from the lack of effective responsibility for thecurriculum and its implementation. Departments varygreatly in their assumption of responsibility for undergraduate instruction. The movement in the last fewyears has been toward greater responsibility. The Collège, however, largely because of its structure and thesize and heterogeneity of its faculty, has not been ina position to program as effectively as would be de-sired for the entire undergraduate curriculum, andno other faculty has been in a position to do so.Yet a view of that curriculum as a whole is désirableif specialized courses at the undergraduate level areto perform best their function of libéral éducation.The problem seems to be mainly one of organizationalstructure rather than a reflection of fundamental différence in educational philosophy. There are somefears that specialized courses will be only prerequisitesfor graduate work or that on the contrary they will bedeveloped so as to completely fail in that function.There is gênerai récognition that the more specializedcourses, just as much as the gênerai educational séquences, should be directed toward the undergradu-ate's intellectual development and that in connectionwith the mastery of a given field of knowledge,whether in or outside the student's ultimate area ofspecialization, the student can be led to a better under-standing of the ways of thought and of the limits andinterrelationships among various disciplines.Under présent circumstances the séparation, to theextent it exists, of the Collège into two divisions hashad a tendency to limit faculty involvement in experi-ments which, without diminishing the College's central concern for the organization of subject matter,would reflect the strengths and interests of the facultyand of the students. It has tended also to remove fromfaculty discussion those issues previously determinedbut which must be thought through again as part ofany on-going educational program. This séparationhas arisen because of the University's extraordinaryefforts to solve the problems of the appropriate rela-tionships between gênerai and specialized éducationand the relevance of each to libéral éducation. Butthe continuation of this séparation now impedes discussion. The University's work in libéral éducationOF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964vvould be strengthened if the undergraduate curriculum could be regarded as a whole.Whatever the advantages, the splitting of facultyjuto those teaching the gênerai éducation courses,those who instruct in the last two years of the undergraduate program, and those who lead research at thegraduate level, has unfortunate conséquences. TheUniversity's faculty is marked generally by the free-dom of choice given to it. There has been less freedomfor the Collège teacher and fewer opportunities. Formost, participation solely in the gênerai éducationcourses over a long period of time has not been thebest basis for continued intellectual growth.Granted that some différence in emphasis may besought in the gênerai éducation courses, too markeda séparation in staffs from specialized and graduateinstruction removes thèse faculties and their coursesfrom the mainstream of the University's thought andpower. If there is a spécial justification for an undergraduate collège within a university such as Chicago,it is because the strength of the University throughits faculties will be brought to bear on undergraduateprograms and instruction and the broadening influenceof the Collège program in turn will hâve a coordinat-ing and continuing influence upon graduate work.Indeed the strength of Chicago's présent gênerai édu cation courses reflects the work of many divisionalfaculty members at a crucial earlier period.The question, of course, is whether greater opportunities for specialized work on the part of the Collègefaculty and greater participation in Collège instructionfrom divisional faculty can be obtained only at thecost of making undergraduate éducation a secondaryand incidental part of the University or by modifyingthe libéral arts focus of the program. Greater facultyconcern and involvement with the Collège imposes aburden upon the faculty and not ail will or shouldbe interested. For thèse reasons the separate Collègeorganization with its own budget and dean representsan important commitment by the University. But theUniversity's interest in undergraduate libéral éducation should be deemed sufficiently strong to permitsomewhat greater flexibility and interchange.Optimistically there is reason to believe that at thisstage of the University's development there are manymembers of the University's faculties who would wel-come an opportunity to develop and implement programs at the undergraduate level. And this can bedone in such a way as to strengthen and not diminishthe independent integrity of thèse programs and theindependent integrity of the Collège.-";,W \N'.¦:'h.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9Committee on CitationsAsks Alumni SuggestionsSuggestions from the alumni as tocandidates for the Alumni Medal andthe Alumni Citations will be welcomedby the Citations Committee, which heldits first meeting November 20 to beginthe process of sélection to be completedabout April 1, for awards to be madeat Reunion in June.The Committee, of nine anonymousmembers, is appointed by the présidentof the Alumni Association and reportsto the Cabinet, which has final authori-ty as to the awards. Ail correspondenceto the Committee should be sent toHarry Sholl, acting executive directorof the Association, who is the ex-officiosecretary of the Committee. Letters sug-gesting candidates should provide ascomplète information as possible aboutthe activities and careers of the indi-viduals offered for considération. TheCommittee, however, will undertake tosupplément the information when nec-essary.The Alumni Citations are awardedannually (there were 21 last June) inrécognition of voluntary service. Voca-tional or professional attainment, however meritorious, is not a criterion forthe Citation, which is granted for "use-ful citizenship". In practice, this standard becomes one of noteworthy contribution to society at the local, nationalor international level. A rough rule isthat generally the service is uncompen-sated; another is that a brief record ofcontribution is not adéquate, thoughconversely, mère length of service isnot a qualification.The Alumni Medal recognizesachievement of truly exceptional naturein any vocational field, public or pri-vate. The Committee weighs the entirecareer of a prospective medalist, ratherthan conferring the honor for one single outstanding achievement. So exact-ing are the standards that, since theMedal and the Citations were institutedin 1941, only 48 medals hâve beenawarded, and 19 of thèse were givenin the first year to recognize achievement in the years prior to establishmentof the awards.Ail alumni (the Association defines an alumnus as anyone who attendedthe University for an académie yeafand received full académie crédit) areeligible for either the Citation or theMedal, with one exception: anyonewho attended the University withouttaking a degree, but did take one inanother institution, is not considered.1965 Charter Flightsto Europe for AlumniAnother opportunity for alumni togo to Europe this summer at low coston a first-class jet flight is being nego-tiated by the Alumni Association withStudent Government Charter Flightsthrough which the privilège was madeavailable last year. Alumni and theirfamilies, to a total of 49, who traveledon the flights in 1964 reported enthusi-astically about their satisfaction andsome intend to go again in 1965.At this time, three flights are in theplanning stage, with thèse tentativeschedules: June 16, returning Septem-ber 22; June 28, returning September6; August 10, returning September 6.The flights, from Chicago to London,and return, probably from Paris toChicago, are made with regularly sched-uled lines; the carrier last year wasTrans-Canada, and in a previoius year,B.O.A.C. Fare for the round trip lastyear was $270, including meals andcomplimentary bar. The contract is forair travel only; schedules and réservations in Europe are the individual'sresponsibility.The Association, other than makingthe arrangement for alumni eligibility,is not in charge of the charter flights.For further information, interestedalumni should write Student Government Charter Flights, 1212 E. 59thStreet, Chicago, Illinois 60637.Alumni who wish to take advantageof the ofïer should note that CivilAeronautics Board régulations requirethat anyone participating in a charterflight sponsored by a group must be amember of the organization at leastsix months prior to departure date.Membership in the Alumni Association must theref ore be in force by Janu-ary 1, 1965.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964E vents Available To Chicago Area AlumniMass Culture is Topicof Emeriti SymposiumMembers of The Emeritus Clubheard and participated in a wide varietyof discussions of the gênerai subject of"Culture in a Mass Society" over theweekend of October 30 in the Centerfor Continuing Education.Robert E. Streeter, dean of the Division of the Humanities and professorof English, speaking on changing stylesin Action, covered familiar territory forthe alumni with his review of theliterature of past décades.Léonard B. Meyer, PhD' 54, professor and chairman of the Department ofMusic, discussed the esthetic appréciation of music and drama and the re-sources, including the courage to hâveindependent standards, which the individual should bring to appréciation;his associate on the program, RobertBenedetti, director of University andCourt Théâtres, appraised the community and grant-supported théâtre. Henoted that the Lincoln Center of thePerforming Arts, originally conceivedas an expérimental théâtre, opened withan established play and the star System.Harold Haydon, '30, associate professor in the Department of Art andthe Collège, told the emeritii that "artis too important for the market place"because it is not a commodity buta necessary condition of life thatmerits subsidy such as that providedby the government's WPA during thedépression.Saul Bellow, who did his first twoyears of collège study at the University,professor on the Committee on SocialThought, author of the current best-selling Herzog and six other novels,as well as the play, The Last Analysis,which had a Broadway production thisautumn, gave a personalized account ofhis interest in writing. He recountedhis désire as a boy to become a writer,his voracious reading of everythingfrom the old Liberty magazine throughthe range of fiction in the publiclibrary. He also told of the reaction ofa playwright when his work is turnedover to a group of technical expertsfor interprétation and production attremendous financial cost.In the unavoidable absence of Gary November 25-December 23: "Art for YoungCollectors," Renaissance Society; Good-speed Hall. Eighteenth annual sale of paint-ings, drawings, prints and sculptures, atpriées from $1 to a top of $100, offers collectors, both new and experienced, a notable sélection at bargain priées. Week-days, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturdays andSundays, 1 to 5 p.m.December 1-31: "Shakespeare and His Con-temporaries," Harper Mémorial Library andthe Festival of Shakespeare and the Renaissance; Harper Mémorial Library, centerand west corridors, first floor, and SpécialCollections reading room, West Tower, sixthfloor. Weekdays, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Satur-day, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Closed Sundays.December 13: Oratorio Séries, RockefellerMémorial Chapel, 3:30 p.m. Handel, "TheMessiah," with Chapel Choir and membersof the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Richard Vikstrom, conductor. Reserved seats$4; gênerai, $3.A. Steiner, '51, AM'54, PhD'57, associate professor in the Graduate Schoolof Business, his two fellow panelistsfrom the emeritii, Nina Wilson Bade-noch, '09, former national président ofthe American Women in Radio andTélévision, and Renslow P. Sherer, '11,a founder and vice-président of Chicago Educational Télévision Association, which opérâtes Chicago's educational Channel 11, WTTW, carried theprogram.Ann Barzel, '25, dance critic of Chicago's American, provided a livelyanalysis of the state of the dance andthe American contributions to its development. She observed that only the"name" dance schools and directors getsupport from foundations while hun-dreds of able but less well-knownteachers struggle unassisted to givebreadth to the art.In addition to Mrs. Badenoch andMrs. Renslow P. Sherer, emeritii at-tending were: Lawrence H. Whiting,'13, chairman, who presided; Mrs.Ruth Delzell Allen, '10; Miss SusannaJ. Botto, '12; Miss Ethel Kawin, '11;Miss Irène Kawin, '09; Miss HelenNorris, '07; J. J. Sampson, '12; Albert December 24: Christmas Eve Vespers andChildren's Pageant of the Nativity, Rockefeller Mémorial Chapel, 4 p.m. No charge.January 17: Oratorio Séries, RockefellerMémorial Chapel, 3:30 p.m. Stravinsky,"Mass"; Hindemith, "Apparebit RepentinaDies"; Palestrina, "Missa Papae Marcelli",with the Chapel Choir and members of theChicago Symphony Orchestra. Richard Vikstrom, conductor. Reserved seats, $4; gênerai, $3.January 22: Chamber Music Séries, TheContemporary Chamber Ensemble; MandelHall, 8:30 p.m. Hamilton, "Sextet"; Stock-hausen, "Zeitmasse"; Castiglioni, "Tropi";Pousseur, "Quintet". Arthur Weisberg,conductor. $3.February 23-28: "In White America," Cir-cle-in-the-Square Company, of New York,auspices of University of Chicago Théâtre;Mandel Hall. Evening performances, 8:30p.m.; matinées, February 27 and 28, 2:30p.m. Tickets, $2.50, $3.50, $5.W. Sherer, '05, honorary trustée of theUniversity; Mrs. Frances R. Timblin,'13; Mrs. Wanda Pfeifïer Vestal, '04;Mr. Charles Schwartz, '08, and Mrs.Schwartz; Mrs. Frances M. Harris,widow of Harvey Harris, '14, and Mrs.Lucille B. Williams, cousin and guestof Miss Botto.Current Schedule ofAlumni Club MeetingsDecember 30: Graduate School of Businesscocktail party for prospective students, TheWilliams Club, 24 East 39th Street, NewYork City, 5:30 to 7:30 p.m.January 21: Dinner meeting, ClevelandArea Alumni Club, 6:15 p.m., The HigbeeCompany, Downtown. Speaker: Mrs.George Wells Beadle. Topic: "UrbanChange and a University Community."January 21: Executive Program Luncheon,Graduate School of Business, Pick-CongressHôtel, 520 South Michigan, Chicago, noon.Speaker: William W. Alberts, assistant professor of finance, Graduate School of Business. Topic: "Growth Through Merger andAcquisition."January 29: Law Alumni Luncheon, Roose-velt Hôtel, Madison Avenue and 45th Street,New York City, noon. In conjunction withthe annual New York Bar Association convention.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11Crisis in Chicago'sPublic Schoolsby Philip M. HauserThe public school crisis is not unique to Chicago.It is manifest in virtually every city in the UnitedStates. A long time in the making, it threatens to beof long duration. This crisis is compounded of a num-ber of éléments, the most of acute being that generatedby the flood of internai migrants to metropolitan cen-ters during the war and since. Between 1950 and 1960,migration from non-metropolitan to metropolitan areastotaled about five and one-half million persons, ofwhom three and one-third million came from StateEconomie Areas ( combinations of counties) with lessthan 25 percent urban population and an additionaltwo and one-tenth million from Areas having from25 to 50 percent urban population.The Chicago-Northwestern Indiana Area had a netin-migration of 316,000 persons in the last décade, ontop of a net of 197,000 between 1940-50. The problems generated for the public schools are greater thanindicated by thèse numbers alone, for the in-migrantswere predominantly Negro, many of whom were ill-prepared for urban living. And with the coming ofthe migrants there was an outward movement, largelyinto surburbia, by the long-term résident white. Thus,the white population of Chicago decreased by about14,000 between 1940 and 1950 while the non-whitepopulation increased by 227,000; in the next décade,the white population decreased by 400,000 and non-whites increased by 329,000. This was a pattern ofchange experienced, by and large, by ail large cities.Another of the éléments of the school crisis alsowas a population factor, the post-war baby boom,which inundated the elementary school System in the50's and is now producing a bulge in enrollments inthe secondary schools. Other factors are an antiquatedstructure for the détermination of policy and the administration of the school System, inherited patternsof public school organization, procédures and curriculawhich hâve failed to keep up with the rapid tech-nological, social and cultural change in the metropolitan United States, and conflicting interests andattitudes on the part of diverse population groups,exacerbated by emotionalism generated by parents'tension about their children.The most acute disaffection with the Chicago Public School System is to be found in the Negro community, which has made integrated éducation andimprovement in the quality of éducation for Negrochildren the major civil rights issue in the City. Asa resuit of an out-of-court settlement of a suit allegingde facto ségrégation filed in the fédéral courts, Webbversus The Board of Education of the City of Chicago,an Advisory Panel of five members was created byresolution of the Chicago Board of Education on Au-gust 28, 1963.The membership of the panel was agreed uponjointly by the Board and the attorney for the plaintiffs, Mr. Paul Zuber. The panel included, in addition tothe writer, who served as chairman, Sterling M. Mc-Murrin, professor of philosophy, University of Utahand former United States Commissioner of Education;James M. Nabrit, Jr., président, Howard University;Mr. Lester Nelson, former principal of Scarsdale(N.Y.) High School, and retired Associate ProgramDirector of the Education Division of the Ford Foundation; and William R. Odell, professor of éducation,Stanford University. Robert Crain, assistant professorof sociology at The University of Chicago, was ap-pointed Study Director.The function of the Panel was not to review theentire spectrum of problems that beset the publicschools, but to focus on the problem of segregatedschooling and its conséquences. It was under instructions"to analyze and study the school System, in particular regard to schools attended entirely or pre-dominately by Negroes, define any problems thatresuit therefrom, and formulate and report to thisBoârd as soon as may be conveniently possiblea plan by which any educational, psychologicaland emotional problems or inequities in the schoolSystem that prevail may best be eliminated . . ."In undertaking its task, the Panel was aware of thegênerai background and considérations applying toits inquiry. The Negro had lived two and one-halfcenturies in the United States in slavery, and for thelast century as a segregated, subcultural group con-centrated largely in the rural South. In the short spanof fifty years, this group had been transformed from73 percent rural in 1910 to 73 percent urban in 1960.Drawn out of a predominately folk culture, the Negrocoming to urbanism has lived in de facto ségrégationdifférent from the voluntary enclaves in which manywhite ethnie groups hâve clustered in that the Negrodid not hâve the freedom of choice of thèse whitegroups.De facto ségrégation in the Chicago public schoolswas not, therefore, produced by the current Board ofEducation, but was a product of historié patterns ofsettlement— together with the prevalence of the neigh-borhood school policy. Démographie and social trendsare, however, intensifying the problem of this ségrégation because they imply continued growth of theNegro population in the City and the continuedexodus of the white population. Obviously, desegrega-tion of the schools cannot be effected without whitestudents.The Panel had three key premises in proceedingwith its task: integrated public schools are requiredby law; integrated éducation is morally necessary; integrated éducation is educationally désirable.The Suprême Court décision in the Brown Caseof 1954, although definitely outlawing de jure segre-DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13grated schooling of the type found in the South, wasnot entirely applicable to the problem of de factosegregated schooling in the North. There is still tobe a Suprême Court ruling definitely barring segregated schooling, Northern style. In the State of Illinois, however, the Armstrong Bill passed in 1963places ail Illinois school boards under a législativemandate to administer the school in such a manneras to promote intégration.The moral obligation to desegregate the schools isquite clear. Apart from standards of equality, fairnessand decency which presumably permeate Americanlife, it is a clear religious obligation to ail those whoprofess the Judaeo-Christian faith, for the fatherhoodof God implies the brotherhood of man. There isalso a moral obligation of more than a century'sduration by reason of the Emancipation Proclamation,The people of the United States hâve, in effect,promised the Negro equality before the law and inopportunity, and they hâve not delivered on theirpromise.Finally, the Advisory Panel proceeded on the premisethat the desegregation of schools is educationally désirable. Education consists of more than the transmission of the skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic.It presumably involves préparation for future life. Tostate the problem in an unusual way, the white childbeing educated in a lily-white school is actually educationally deprived. He is not being adequately pre-pared for life in the real world in which Caucasiansare a minority group; nor for life in many of the cities of the United States, as well as Chicago, fft'whichNegroes already make up over a fourth of the population and in which they may be as much as half ormore of the population within the next few décades.Segregated éducation means educational deprivationeven more for the Negro child because the évidenceindicates that segregated éducation for the Negro isalso inferior éducation.The Advisory Panel found that 90 percent of Negrostudents in the elementary schools of Chicago werein all-Negro schools or schools which contained lessthan 10 per cent white, and vice versa. Of ail Negrostudents in Chicago public schools at ail grade levelsone through twelve (minus students in spécial éducation) 84 percent were in Negro schools (all-Negroor less than 10 percent white); 86 percent of ail whitestudents were in white schools (all-white or less than10 percent Negro). The facts make it quite clear thatChicago Public Schools are highly segregated in fact.The facts also made it quite clear that teachersand other staff in the Chicago Public Schools werehighly segregated. Ironically, there are no readilyavailable data on this matter because of provisionsin law designed to protect the minority races whichprevent the collection and compilation of statistics onthe race of the school staff. Data made available bythe Chicago Commission on Human Relations basedon a survey in the fall of 1963, however, indicated14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964that 71 percent of Negro high school teachers werejn ten high schools in Chicago having 90 percent orjnore Negro students. Similarly, 62 percent of the whiteteachers were in schools with 90 percent or morewhite students.Certain definite conclusions could be made fromthe available information as to the différence in qual-jty of éducation between the all-Negro and all-whiteschools. The Negro schools were much more over-crowded, with a much larger number of students peravailable classroom. Negro schools hâve a larger per-centage of temporarily certificated teachers, a muchsmaller percentage of teachers with five or more yearsexpérience, with Master's degrees, and the combina-tion of the Master's with five or more years of expérience.The Negro schools hâve a higher drop-out rate thanthe white, a much higher degree of student mobilityor rransiency and somewhat lower level of school at-tendance. There is little indicated différence in highschool programs available to white and Negro students. Per capita expenditures for other than instruc-tional purposes were higher in Negro than in whiteelementary schools because of higher turnover, andlower in Negro than in white high schools.Perhaps the most significant of the findings of theAdvisory Panel concerned student mental ability andachievement. Within the white schools, as well as theNegro schools, both mental ability, as measured byverbal tests, and achievement were positively cor-related with the social-economic status of the neigh-borhoods in which the schools were located. This was,of course, in accordance with expectation for mentalability as well as achievement tests because tests ofmental ability measure not only innate capacity but,also, cultural background.An analysis of the relationship between the mentaltest scores and achievement tests indicated that students in predominantly Negro schools did fully as wellas those in predominantly white schools or in integrated schools. The results indicate that Negro students profit from instruction as much as white groups,and that intensified educational opportunity for Negrochildren could resuit in a major closing in the achievement gap between the groups.The Panel's recommendations may be consideredunder four headings: ( 1 ) Those relating to intégration;(2) those relating to improved quality of éducation;(3) those relating to improved public school-commun-ity relationships, and (4) those relating to meetingthe costs.The key recommendation relating to intégration isthat involving "student open enrollment patterns."The recommendation on intégration was quite mode-rate and may be regarded as a compromise betweencompulsory intégration (such as represented by the Princeton plan) and completely permissive programswhich leave the problem of intégration entirely in thehands of parents (such as represented by the permissive transfer plan recently put into effect in the Chicago schools).What the panel proposed was a grouping of schoolsin what might be regarded as an enlarged school enrollment area or neighborhood, with two or more elementary schools and three or more high schoolsconsidered as a cluster. Parents in this enlarged enrollment area would be free to enroll their children inany one of the schools. Should a given school be over-enrolled the children would be allocated on the basisof three criteria: to effect intégration; to promote educational advantage of the child; and to minimizedistance from the child's place of résidence. No priorityorder was assigned to the criteria in the belief thatsituations would vary and that provision should beleft for flexible school administration. Complète openDECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13enrollment on a city-wide basis was recommended forvocational high schools and ail spécial schools.It was further recommended, as is indeed requiredby Illinois law, that schools be so located and schoolboundaries be so adjusted as to promote intégration.Also recommended, to effect optimal utilization ofspace, was the free transport of students from over-crowded to under-utilized schools when distanceswere in excess of one mile. It was contemplated thatfree transport would involve a relatively small numberof pupils and that the cost of the transport shouldbe assumed by the public because the transfer wouldbe for the convenience of the Board.As a supplément to this proposai to effect optimumutilization of space, a libéral transfer plan was recommended permitting the transfer of any child from anovercrowded to an under-utilized school of his choice,provided that each transférée assumed the cost of hisown transportation. Finally, it was proposed that theuse of mobile classrooms should be continued as ameans of relieving temporary overcrowding.Recommendations also were made for the intégration of faculty, for the équitable assignment of teachers, and for the improvement of teacher éducation,prior to certification and in in-service training, to prépare them for work in difficult schools with highstudent turnover, heavy retardation and limited educational achievement.A number of recommendations were made to im-prove the quality of éducation, with focus on theimportance of improving achievement in basic skills,improving learning resources and expanding guidanceand counselling services. The major recommendationto improve the quality of éducation, however, was inthe form of proposais for a "saturation" program.There were fourteen such proposais, but it was em-phasized that this list was not necessarily exhaustive,Thèse proposais ranged from the upgraded primaryschool, the pre-school program, orientation, réceptionand placement centers for children new to the community and urban living and after school study centers through internships for teachers in training, ayear around school program, employment of schoolaids and other non-professional personnel and con-tinuing éducation, including literacy programs, forparents and out-of-school youth.Recommendations with respect to school-communitycommunication were especially relevant in the Chicago situation because of the exceptionally bad publicrelations between the school administration and alarge proportion of the public. A proposai was madefor the appointment of a bi-racial "friends of theChicago schools" committee to perform the two-wayfunction of improving communication from the Boardto the public and from the public to the Board. Thiscommittee would perform a major service in paving16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964the way for innovations and, specifically, in helpingt0 prépare neighborhoods for changes which requiredadjustment of public attitudes and practices.An internai committee within the school administration, with représentatives from ail staff levels ofthe System, was recommended to develop programsto implement the recommendations of the Panel asapproved by the Board. Finally, it was recommendedthat the Board should regularly publish a variety ofstatistical information to be distributed over a widerange of public and private agencies. For some yearsthere has been considérable adverse reaction by manyéléments of the public because of the unavailabilityof basic data about the Chicago Public School System,such as that on class size, vacant seats, unutilized class-rooms, achievement test performance and the like.The Advisory Panel was well aware that its recommendations would involve greatly increased expendi-tures for the schools. It recommended "that every effort be made to obtain the additional funds that thePanel's proposais require— both within the city andnecessarily from the state and fédéral governments."The Advisory Panel pointed out that in the better-offsuburbs of Chicago, per capita expenditures in thepublic schools were twice the level of that for thechild in the central city. And this despite the factthat the child in the central city, compared with hissuburban counterpart, is often at a disadvantage because of the relatively low éducation of his parentsand the deficiencies of home resources for éducation.In summary, it was the position of the Panel thatChicago and other cities could not afford not to in-crease the costs for public éducation. In Cook Countyalone, for example, 186 million dollars a year is required for welfare récipients, a prédominant proportion of whom, by reason of deficiency in éducation andskill, are not able to make their own living.In Chicago, as in other cities, there are now children of in-migrants, born and educated in Chicago,who still hâve not achieved levels of literacy and skilladéquate to make their own way in contemporarysociety. In addition to welfare costs, taxpayers areburdened with the other costs of unemployment andthe costs of delinquency and crime and high morbidityand mortality which disproportionately involve the un-educated and unskilled.At this writing, some six months hâve elapsed sincethe Advisory Panel submitted its report on March 31,1964. Although the Board of Education unanimouslyapproved the recommendations of the Panel within aperiod of ten days, progress toward implementationhas been slow, and this despite the fact that at theoutset there appeared to be strong gênerai publicsupport for the recommendations, including favorableeditorial positions in ail of Chicago's newspapers.The Board has instructed the General Superinten- dent to proceed with the establishment of some expérimental clusters of schools, elementary and sec-ondary. It was announced that implementation of thisaction was not likely to occur before the spring semes-ter. The Board also approved proposais made by theGeneral Superintendent to improve the quality of éducation along the lines recommended by the Panel.More recently, a member of the Board has recommended that there be added to the resolution favoringintégration a statement of principle affirming maintenance of intégration in schools where it now has beenachieved. This means a positive policy to stabilizethe school situation so as to prevent some schoolsfrom going overwhelmingly Negro instead of main-taining a stable measure of intégration.There also are indications that the Board intends tomake an effort to obtain fédéral funds to improve thequality of éducation. Conceivably and justifiably, thiswould be through broadening the Anti-Poverty Act;it is impossible to talk of eliminating poverty withoutproviding the money required for adéquate éducationof the culturally deprived. Recourse to the fédéralgovernment is inescapable; the cities do not hâve themoney and the state governments are basically ignor-ing the cities' needs.It is an understatement to say that the GeneralSuperintendent of Schools, Dr. Benjamin C. Willis,has displayed no great enthusiam for implementingthe Advisory Panel report and, particularly, those recommendations relating to school desegregation. More-over, it is possible that the objections of white parentsto school intégration received more than usual attention during this presidential élection year.It is, however, an oversimplification to say that thèseare the only forces that account for the Board's snail-like pace in implementing the Advisory Panel report.The problem is admittedly a complex one even underthe best of conditions. Given the antiquated structureof the Board of Education and its relation to theGeneral Superintendent of Schools, to the Mayor, andto other city agencies and to the political process ingênerai, the problem becomes well nigh insoluble.Yet the school crisis must be resolved, for the futureof Chicago, as of other cities, in the long run dépendsupon its solution.The Advisory Panel Report undoubtedly has beena f actor in relieving mounting tensions in the Negrocommunity. The Report was regarded as a great vie-tory by civil rights groups because it confirmed whatthey had been saying for years; and it undoubtedlycontributed to the relatively short, cool summer inChicago. And, of greater import in the long run, untilChicago finds a viable solution to the school crisis,a large proportion of her citizens and therefore of thecity are destined to hâve an uncertain and insecurefuture.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17News of theSEARLE CHEMISTRY GIFT— Re-alization of a new chemistry researchbuilding moved closer with the giftin October of $1,000,000 by the fam-ily of John Gideon Searle, who isprésident and chief executive officerof G. D. Searle & Company, Chicago-based ethical drug organization. Thebuilding, when constructed, will beatthe Searle name.The million dollars meets the match-ing requirement of a million from theNational Science Foundation; this $2,-000,000 represents approximately halfof the estimated cost of the new research laboratory. Présent plans are toconstruct the Searle laboratary on theeast side of Ellis Avenue, north of andadjoining George Herbert Jones Laboratory, which is adjacent to the southend of the Administration Building, at58th street.A new chemistry laboratory has beenan urgent priority item for many yearsbecause of lack of space for an ex-panding department and the specializedrequirements for contemporary chem-isty investigations. Kent Chemical Laboratory, given by the early Chicagoan,Sidney A. Kent, was dedicated January 1, 1894. In récent years, it hasbeen extensively modernized to provide excellent instructional facilities.The George Herbert Jones Laboratory,gift of another Chicagoan, dedicatedDecember 16, 1929, and a part of theInstitute for the Study of Metals, com-pleted after the last war, presentlyhouse research activities in chemistry.Such essentials to present-day investigation as dust- and vibration-freelaboratories and précise températurecontrol will be provided in the Searlebuilding.ARGONNE LABORATORY— Revision of the contract under whichArgonne National Laboratory is oper-ated has been approved by the AtomicEnergy Commission, the fédéral agencywith jurisdiction over the Laboratory.On recommendation of a committeerepresenting two groups of MiddleWestern universities, The Universityof Chicago and Argonne, a new not-18 THE Quadranglesfor-profit corporation to be organizedby the AEC, the universities and theThe University of Chicago, will détermine policies and research programsof the Laboratory. The University ofChicago, which has been manager ofthe Laboratory and its precursor, theMetallurgical Laboratory of war-timedays which achieved the first nuclearchain reaction, will continue as theoperating manager. The tri-parte contract is intended to stimulate scientificgrowth in the Midwest by fosteringcloser coopération among the area'suniversities and the Laboratory.NEW REGISTRAR— Mrs. Maxine L.Sullivan has been apointed registrar,succeeding William J. Van Cleve, whohas held that office since 1958 and hasresigned to become supervisor of dataprocessing opérations for the NationalOpinion Research Center, which isassociated with the University. Mrs.Sullivan is the first woman to hold theposition of registrar, though not thefirst to hâve an important administrative position; among others, womenhâve been director of Admissions anddirector of the Student Health Service ;Mrs. Anita S. Sandke is director ofCareer Counselling and Placement.Mother of three children, Mrs. Sullivan is a member of the AmericanAssociation of Collegiate Registrarsand secretary-treasurer of the association^ Illinois branch. She joined theRegistrar's office in 1959, becomingassistant registrar in i960. FACULTY HONORS— Three hon-orary degrees were conferred on Président George Wells Beadle this summer.Brown University, Kansas State Uni-versity and the University of Pennsyl.vania ail awarded him the D.Sc. degree.His total now is eighteen, ail but three(which are the LL.D.), being Doctorof Science degrees in récognition of hisepochal contributions to genetics, whichalso brought him the Nobel Prize inphysiology and medicine in 1958 anda number of other awards.Philip M. Hauser, professor andchairman of the Department of Sociol-ogy, whose article on the report of theAdvisory Panel on Intégration of thePublic Schools, of which he was chairman, appears in this issue, received theEleanor Roosevelt Key of the RooseveltUniversity Alumni Association in No-vember. The citation of Mr. Hauser,an alumnus of Roosevelt University'spredecessor, Central Y.M.C.A. Collège,and Chicago, '29, A.M/33, Ph.D.'38,recognized his "insight into the des-perate need to improve the impov-erished of the world" and his "valiantefforts to bridge knowledge and humankindness." Mr. Hauser, internationallyknown as a demographer, is presentlyin Southeast Asia, under a Ford Foundation grant, to contribute to programsof population research and training.In addition to his appointments in so-ciology, he is director of the Population and Research and Training Centerof the University.Dr. Dwight J. Ingle, professorand chairman of the Department ofPhysiology, received an OutstandingAchievement Award of the Universityof Minnesota this autumn at the MayoCentennial Convocation, in récognition of notable professional attainment.The Achievement Citation was the second honor received by Dr. Ingle re-cently; he also was given the Awardfor Distinguished Service in MédicalJournalism by the American MédicalWriters' Association for his editorshipof the journal, Perspectives in Biologjand Medicine.William H. McNeill, '38, A.M/39,professor and chairman of the Department of History, received in Octoberthe 1964 $1,000 Gordon J. Laing Prizeof the University's Board of Publications for his book, The Rise of theWest: A History of the Human Community. The Laing Prize is given an-DECEMBER, 1964UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEniially to the University faculty authorwnoSe book most adds distinction totj,e list of The University of ChicagoPress. The Rise of the West won thejo64 National Book Award and was asélection of the History Book Club andthe Book-of-the-Month Club. In addition to club sales, the Press has soldover 24,000 copies of the original édition.Raven I. McDavid, professor of Eng-lish, has been appointed editor of theUnguistic Atlas of the Middle andSouth Atlantic States, sponsored by theAmerican Council of Learned Societies.The Atlas is one of a comprehensiveséries on American and Canadian Eng-lish as it is spoken in différent régionsby various ethnie groups. Hans Kurath,professor emeritus of English, University of Michigan, retiring chairman ofthe Committee on American Speech ofthe Council, has directed the AtlanticStates Atlas since 1933.Robert S. Mulliken, Ph.D.'21, ErnestDeWitt Burton Distinguished ServiceProfessor emeritus in the Departmentsof Physics and Chemistry, and co-di-rector of the Laboratory of MolecularStructure and Spectra, received the JohnG. Kirkwood Medal for research inthe physical sciences, which is sponsored jointly by the New Haven section of the American Chemical Societyand the Department of Chemistry ofYale University.Charles D. O'Connell, A.M.'47, Director of Admissions and Aid, hasbeen elected a trustée of the CollègeEntrance Board, New York City.FACULTY APPOINTMENTS—Grant Gilmore, presently William K.Townsend Professor of Law, Yale University Law School, has been appointedprofessor in the Law School of theUniversity, effective next July 1. Hisfields are contracts, admiralty, commercial transactions and negotiable instruments. He is the co-author of The Lawof the Admiralty, and was associatereporter for Article 9 of the UniformCommercial Code.Willy Ferdinand Wilfred Mandel-ung, who received the PhD. in Islam-ics at the University of Gôttingen inhis native Germany, became assistantprofessor of Islamic history in the Oriental Institute of the University at thebeginning of the autumn quarter.Arnold Zellner, professor of eco-DECEMBER, 1964 THE MAGAZINE EDITORAppointment of Conrad Kulawas,'62, as editor of The University ofChicago Magazine, is announced byPhilip C. White, '35, Ph.D.'38, président of the Alumni Association. Mr.Kulawas assumed the editorship Iatein November and the first issue underhis direction will be that of January,1965. His major field as a student wasEnglish language and literature; he wasmanaging editor of the Chicago Re-view, literary quarterly, in 1959-60.After graduation he was an editor withthe American Technical Society, pub-lisher of technical books, following aperiod as supervisor with United StatesSteel Corporation. Interested in thestage, he is technical director and executive board member of the 51st StreetCenter for the Performing Arts, whichopérâtes the Last Stage Theater. Mar-ried to the former Grazina Paukstys, heand his wife live in the South Shoredistrict near the University.nomics, University of Wisconsin, became Ford Foundation Visiting Professor of Economies for 1964-65, October1. He works in mathematical and sta-tistical économies.FACULTY RETIREMENTS— Sevenmembers of the faculty retired in theperiod June 30-September 30: James I.Gilbert, associate professor of humanities in the Collège; Fern W. Gleiser,professor, Graduate School of Business;Martin E. Hanke, '18, Ph.D.'21, professor of biochemistry; Bernard E. Mel-and, D.B/28, PhD. '29, professor,Divinity School; Samuel H. Nerlove,'22, A. M. '23, professor, GraduateSchool of Business; Herluf H. Strand- skov, Ph.D.'31, professor of zoology;J. Marvin Weller, '23, Ph.D.'27, professor of geophysical sciences.Seven others reached the retirementâge of 65 and continue with reappoint-ments: Donald F. Bond, '22, A.M.'23,Ph.D.'34, professor of English; LouisR. Gottschalk, Gustavus F. and AnnM. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of History; Earl J. Hamilton, professor of économies; John U. Nef, '17,professor of économies and history andprofessor and chairman, Committee onSocial Thought; Harold A. Anderson,'24, AM'26, associate professor of éducation; John R. Lindsay, Thomas D.Jones Professor of Surgery; HermanG. Richey, A.M.'27, Ph.D.'30, professor of éducation.MEMORIAL SERVICE— The annualmémorial service for members of theUniversity was held in RockefellerMémorial Chapel, November 1.Members of the administration whodied during the past year were: R.Wendell Harrison, S.M.'25, PhD.'30, vice-président emeritus and professor emeritus in the Zoller DentalClinic and the Department of Micro-biology; Donald L. Cartland, comp-troller.Trustée: James M. Nicely, '20.Trustées' wives: Elizabeth H. (Mrs.Porter M.) Jarvis; Helen (Mrs. FrankL.) Sulzberger.The faculty: Dr. Joseph A. Capps,'05, professor emeritus, medicine; LucyC. Driscoll, '08, A.M.'09, assistantprofessor emeritus, art; James Franck,professor emeritus, chemistry; MortonGrodzins, professor, political science;Abram L. Harris, professor, économies(Colloge), and philosophy; Cari F.Huth, professor emeritus, history andformer director, University Collège;Dr. Gwyn H. Lile, assistant professor,psychiatry; George T. Northrup, professor emeritus, Romance languagesand literature; Robert S. Platt, Ph.D.'20, professor and chairman emeritus,geography; Erich F. Schmidt, professoremeritus, Oriental Institute; Léo Szil-ard, professor emeritus, Enrico FermiInstitute for Nuclear Studies; Dr. Jul-ian M. Tobias, Ph.D. '46, professor,physiology; Morton D. Zabel, Ph.D.'33, professor, English.Laboratory Schools: Elsie G. Flynn;Marie-Antoinette Martin, A.M/63,Josette E. Spink (retired), '04.19UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWives and widows of faculty: LeilaG. Mallory (Mrs. Hervey F.), '97;Martha Landers Thompson (Mrs.James W.), '03; Mary Faith Perry(Mrs. Charner M.), A.M.'26; MurielMcKeon (Mrs. Richard P.), '37.Staff members: Herschell R. Bergman, A.M.'62, Jean W. Crunelle,Laura Jean Durant, Frank B. Dvorak,'53, M.B.A/55, Sam Handy, June E.Lawson,Students: Roger A. Boutelle, DanielK. Chambers, Chung Chen, S.M.'63,Gail Ann Kirnbauer, Sara ElizabethWatson, David C. Wyatt.TRUSTEE SCHOLARS— Twelvescholarships were established last yearby the Trustées of the University foraward to graduâtes of high schoolswhich "hâve made and are making agenuine effort to improve the level ofCollège preparatory work in theircommunities and at the same time hâvesignificantly contributed over the yearsto the académie distinction of the student body of the Collège of The University of Chicago."Ten students in the entering classcame to the Collège this autumn underthe Trustée scholarships for entireschool Systems: City of Chicago — PaulBurstein, Bowen high school; CookCounty (Illinois) — Barry Salins, RichTownship East high school; City ofDenver — David Gibbons, Thomas Jef-ferson high school ; Montgomery Coun ty (Maryland) — George Sterman,Springbrook high school; City of NewYork spécial high schools — MarionSirefman, High School of Music andArt; City of Portland (Oregon) —Nancy Chase, Jefferson high school;City of Seattle — Janis Roy, Ballardhigh school.In addition to school Systems, threeindividual schools were designated:Central of Omaha — Charles Mussel-man; Downers Grove (Illinois) — Jan-non Fuchs; Hyde Park, Chicago —Benjamin Ginsburg. Hennepin County(Minnesota) and Central high school,Philadelphia, also were designated butno scholarships were awarded to thèseschools this year.STAGG SCHOLARS— Two scholar-athletes received the Amos AlonzoStagg scholarships, established in 1962to honor the "Old Man" on the hun-dredth anniversary of his birth. MartinCampbell, of Evanston, Illinois, whowas a letterman in basketball, willmajor in biology and oceanography.His father, Donald T. Campbell, aformer member of the University faculty, is professor of psychology atNorthwestern University; a grand-father is Dr. Howard M. Sheaff, Ph.D.'19, M.D/22.The other Stagg scholar is WilliamPearson, Noblesville, Indiana, who wasbasketball captain and participant inmany other school activities. His in-terest is English language and litera ture. The two scholarship awards weremade from a group of ten finalists,Although the University's intercollegi.ate program in eleven sports in con-ducted strictly as a student activity, thelack of high pressure does not seerrito deter athlètes who meet Chicago'sentrance standards from enrolling; oneof every four men in this year's Collège class was a letterman.SCIENTIFIC ADVISORS— Harry CJohn, professor of économies, andSaunders Mac Lane, A. M. '31, MaxMason Distinguished Service Professorof Mathematics, hâve been appointedmembers of a committee to advise Con-gress on national problems involvingscientific research, particularly the levelof fédéral support required to main-tain the United States in a position ofleadership through basic research, anda judgment on the balance of supportby the government in various areas ofscientific endeavor.NOBEL PRIZE— Dr. Konrad Bloch,member of the University faculty,1946-1954, and now at Harvard University, is the co-winner for 1964 ofthe Nobel prize in physiology andmedicine. He was honored for his longand fruitful study of the manufactureof cholestérol by the cells of the body,much of the work being done while hewas at Chicago. Dr. Bloch is the 24thNobel lauréate who has been associ-ated with the University of Chicago.THREE (CHICAGO)PRESIDENTSW. Allen Wallis, président, Universityof Rochester, former dean of the Graduate School of Business; George Wells ¦Beadle, président, The University ofChicago; Alan Simpson, former deanof the Collège, at his inauguration asprésident of Vassar Collège, October16, 196420 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964BEGINNINGS OF THE LIBRARYBy Edward A. Henry, '07The second faculty appointmentPrésident William Rainey Harper madeto The University of Chicago he wasorganizing was that of Mrs. ZellaAllen Dixson, as assistant librarian, onJuly 29, 1891. The first — made on thesame day — was that of Frank FrostAbbott, as associate professor of Latinand University Examiner. The appointment of a librarian was urgent becausethe University was to open with a collection of almost 300,000 books, repre-senting the library of the Baptist UnionTheological Seminary, that of the OldUniversity of Chicago and the so-called"Berlin Collection" of about 175,000volumes.The library of the Seminary includedtwo important collections which hadbeen acquired through the effort ofDr. Harper when he was a memberof the Seminary' s faculty: the Heng-stenberg Collection and the AmericanBible Union Collection. Ernest Wil-helm Hengstenberg, a German, was aleading Old Testament scholar whodied in 1869, leaving a large libraryrelating to the Old Testament.The American Bible Union wasorganized about 1850 to edit and pub-lish a modem English version of theBible. It seems to hâve had practicallyunlimited funds, for it had the re-sources to acquire almost every translation of the Bible in English sinceTyndale. Many of thèse were rare atthe time and are almost priceless today.Also in the collection were many com-mentaries and books which would beof assistance to the editors. But in 1881there appeared in England a new translation of the New Testament, to befollowed in 1886 by that of the OldTestament. Considering its project an-ticipated, the Union disbanded and itsHbrary went to the Seminary.The Berlin Collection was the stockof one of Germany's largest second-hand book dealers, who had died about1890. Dr. Harper bought the collection, which was supposed to containcomplète files of most German schol- arly journals and thousands of otherscholarly works. When the collectionarrived, thousands of volumes wereselected from it and catalogued butmuch more than half of it remained instorage and unlisted until Harper Mémorial Library was completed.Just one story: one day I was work-ing in the basement while Dr. JamesWestfall Thompson was looking overthe shelves. Suddenly he let out awhoop. I ran over and found him holding up a large volume. ''Henry", heshouted, "this is a copy of the greatestmédiéval work on forestry. I neverdreamed that there was a copy inAmerica." I could tell other suchstories, but this incident illustrâtes theimportance of the collection.The first library was in a large one-story building erected in 1892 in whatis now Hutchinson Court. This structure also housed the University Pressand separate gymnasiums for men andwomen. When the Press Building wascompleted in the autumn of 1902, boththe library and the Press were movedinto it, the library remaining untilHarper Mémorial was completed. Butthis collection represented the GeneralLibrary and was only half of our story.When the University opened, Dr.Harper assigned funds to each Headof a department of instruction. Thismoney was used to buy such books aswere needed for instructional purposesand the books were kept in the departmental quarters. Purchases for the departments were made through an officerof the Press, who also did the buyingfor the General Library. But in thèseearlier days, the departmental booksnever went through the General Library and so there arose as many departmental libraries as there were departments of instruction. Gradually,however, the related departmental libraries were merged over the years.When I came to the University in1904 there was a sizeable modem lan-guage library on an upper floor ofCobb Hall. It consisted of the libraryof the English, German and Romancelanguages departments. The books hadno other marks than "ENG", "GER"and "ROM". On another floor was the Classics library, of Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and comparative linguistics. Stillanother floor held the philosophy-psy-chology books. Walker Muséum con-tained the merged libraries of geol-ogy, geography and anthropology.Zoology had a good biology libraryfor botany, zoology, anatomy and physiology. On the second floor of Ryer-son was a physics library, and on thefourth floor, the mathematics collection; Kent had the chemistry library.Sharing the library in the then quitenew Law School was a fairly largesocial sciences library, made up of themerged collections of économies, so-ciology, political science and otherdepartments, again each lot beingmarked only as "ECON", "SOC", etc.The Divinity School's library was onthe third floor of Haskell Hall.On August 4, 1906, the Divinity faculty asked me to take charge of theschool's library of some 10,000 volumes. It was not in very good condition. So I went to Mrs. Dixson andasked for her help in reorganizing it.She gave me generous assistance, butunder the System then prevailing, shehad no authority over me or over anyother departmental library.In 1910, Mrs. Dixson retired andDr. Ernest DeWitt Burton, head ofthe New Testament Department, wasnamed faculty director of Libraries.He planned and supervised the érection of Harper Mémorial Library,which was dedicated in June, 1912.Thereupon ail the departmental libraries in the humanities and socialsciences were merged with the GeneralLibrary in Harper, and finally the unlisted part of the Berlin Collection wasmoved from storage in Ellis Hall.With the opening of Harper, J. C.M. Hanson was appointed associate director of the University Libraries. Anexpert who had planned the Library ofCongress System of cataloguing andclassification, he undertook the classification of ail the book resources ofthe University. To him, more thanany other individual, belongs the créditfor today' s almost perfect System.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21The '68 Génération of Alumni FamiliesSeventy-four sons and daughters of alumniparents entered the Collège this autumn,sixty-seven as first-year students and sevenas undergraduate transfers.The Alumni Association held its annualréception for the alumni children (vétéransof two weeks of study), on October 15.The census of parents and students follows.FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS —Bein, Michael, Louisville, Kentucky, son of Mr. and Mrs. Morris Bein (Sara Lee Bloom, 738).Benolken, Anne, Nashotah, Wisconsin, daughter of Arthur Benolken, 743, and Mrs. Benolken (Marjorie Mattmiller,'44).Berman, Lawrence, Chicago, son of Mr. and Mrs. Irving S. Berman (Augusta Rickover, 729).Bond, Alan, Great Falls, Montana, son of Dr. Alan B. Bond, M.D./41.Bovbjerg, Randall, lowa City, lowa, son of Richard Bovbjerg, '41, Ph.D. '49.Calef, Charles, Chicago, son of Wesley Calef, Ph.D. 748.Cornélius, Martin, Chicago, son of Martin Cornélius, M.B.A. '58.Emmer, Eileen, New York, daughter of Robert Emmer, Ph.D. '54.Epstein, Helen, Chicago, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Epstein (Sylvia Shapîrô, '29).Evison, Laura, Chicago, daughter of Gordon Evison, M.B.A. '49.Fathauer, Théodore, Lake Forest, Illinois, son of Arthur Fathauer, '23.Friedman, Barbara, Scarsdale, New York, daughter of Harold Friedman, 746, Ph.D. '49.Fuchs, Jannon, Downers Grove, Illinois, son of Louis Fuchs, Jr., '40.Fyfe, John, Terre Haute, Indiana, son of Albert Fyfe, Ph.D/51.Gale, Jamie, Wilmette, Illinois, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Seymour Gale (Ethel Goldberg, 738).Gladstone, Charles, Chicago, son of Martell Gladstone, '33, S.M/35, Ph.D/36.Gray, Janet, Oswego, Illinois, daughter of Ben Gray, 730, and Mrs. Gray (Dorothy Duhnke, 732).Greenstein, Judith, Chicago, daughter of Melvin Greenstein, 739, M.B.A/40.Hampton, Nancy, San Diego, California, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Hampton (Ruth Parsons, y38, A.M/39).Harders, Faith, Tyler, Texas, daughter of Paul Harders, 735.Henikoff, Steven, Chicago, son of Mr. and Mrs. Armond Henikoff (Sylvia Pinkert, '39).Hertzberg, Daniel, Scarsdale, New York, son of Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Hertzberg (Joan Naumburg, 737).Hess, Lynn, Downers Grove, Illinois, daughter of David Hess, Ph.D/49, and Mrs. Hess (Betty Schroder, '50).Hoerr, Leslie, Chicago, daughter of Charles Hoerr, '40.Hussey, Thomas, Alexandria, Virginia, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ward Hussey (Anne Hutchinson, 744).Isbell, Donald, West Orange, New Jersey, son of Robert Isbell, '37, J.D/39.Johnson, Dana, Rochester, New York, son of Martin Johnson, A.M/60, Ph.D/63.Karlen, David, Chicago, son of Harvey Karlen, 739, Ph.D/50.Karlin, Rachel, Forest Park, Illinois, daughter of Léonard Karlin, '38.Kelly, Alfred, Détroit, Michigan, son of Alfred Kelly, '31, A.M/34, Ph.D.738<Keyfitz, Robert, Chicago, son of Nathan Keyfitz, Ph.D/52.Klass, Ellen, Wilmette, Illinois, daughter of Irwin Klass, "30, S.M/40.Lees, Francis, Urbana, Illinois, son of Robert Lees, A.M/50.Letiche, Hugo, Berkeley, California, son of John Letiche, Ph.D. '51.Loewy, Susan, Chicago, daughter of Dr. Arthur Loewy, '40, S.M/42, M.D/43, and Mrs. Loewy (Rayna De Costa,'39, S.M/40).Long, Doris, Cincinnati, Ohio, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Long (Edith Keogle, MO).Mackal, Paul, Mequon, Wisconsin, son of Roy Mackal, '49, Ph.D/53.Orwig, Calvin, Satellite Beach, Florida, son of George Orwig, '46, S.M/48).Ryerson, Frances, Cambridge, Massachusetts, daughter of Mrs. Alice Ryerson, 749.Sacksteder, Overton, Clarksville, Indiana, son of the Rev. Overton Sacksteder, 740.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964Saiger, Paul, Monterey Park, California, son of Maurice Saiger, '40, M.B.A/42.Samuels, Lawrence, Glencoe, Illinois, son of Robert Samuels, '35.Schaefer, Walter, Lake Bluff, Illinois, son of the Hon. Walter V. Schaefer, '26, J.D/28.Schreider, Bruce, Walnut Creek, California, son of Dr. Jonas Schreider, '37, S.M/38, M.D.'43.Schultz, Diana, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, step-daughter of Dr. Albert Liebman, '41.Shiner, Bennett, New Albany, Indiana, son of Mr. and Mrs. John H. Shiner (Jane Bennett, '40).Sillars, Katharine, Wilmette, Illinois, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robertson Sillars (Emily Graves, '44).Slocum, John, Albany, New York, son of John Slocum, '41, A.M. '46, and Mrs. Slocum (Margaret Wheeler, '42).Smith, Philip, Glasgow, Montana, son of Dr. Philip Smith, '37.Speiglman, Richard, Omaha, Nebraska, son of Sidney Speiglman, A.M/39.Stettner, Virginia, Chicago, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Stettner (Edith Riedl, '33).Still, Jonathan, Chicago, son of Edwin Still, M.B.A/63, and Mrs. Still (Lucille Overhoff, '38).Stokley, Nancy, Washington, D.C., daughter of Robert Stokley, '40.Swirsky, Mark, Skokie, Illinois, son of Abel Swirsky, '39.Tax, Thomas, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, son of Archie Tax, '26.Tenner, Lawrence, Chicago, son of Mr. and Mrs. I. Tenner (Evelyn Talmadge, '33).Tepper, David, Maplewood, New Jersey, son of Dr. Victor Tepper, M.D.'37, and Mrs. Tepper.Thorstensen, Delmar, New York, daughter of Robert Thorstensen, A.M/47.Tovrov, Jessica, Orléans, Massachusetts, daughter of Orin Tovrov, '32.Weichselbaum, Hart, Chicago, son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Weichselbaum (Ruth Clayman, '41, A.M/44).Weller, Herschel, Chicago, son of Arthur Weller, '34, A.M/36.Weller, Sue, Santa Ana, California, daughter of Sol Weller, Ph.D/41.Wilcox, Richard, Hammond, Indiana, son of Harold Wilcox, '50.Will, Douglas, Gaithersburg, Maryland, son of Herman Will, Jr., '47.Woolams, Jack and Peter, Tonawanda, New York, sons of Mrs. Mary Woolams, (Mary Mayer, '41) and thelate Jack Woolams.Young, Polly, Chicago, daughter of Dr. Quentin Young, M.D/43, and the former Mrs. Young, (Jessie Pola-check Sheridan, '45).Ziv, Alan, Chicago, son of Samuel Ziv, '27, J.D/29.TRANSFER STUDENTS —Abbott, Christine, Arlington, Virginia, daughter of Arthur Abbott, '33, A.M/42.Barton, Michael, Arlington Heights, Illinois, son of Charles Barton, M.B.A/43.Berland, Kerry, Regina, Saskatchewan, son of Alwyn Berland, A.M/50.Dorfman, Abby, Chicago, daughter of Dr. Albert Dorfman, '36, Ph.D.'39.Green, Tucker, Highland Park, Minois, son of Mrs. Elizabeth Green (Elizabeth Butler, '38), and the late Mr.Green.Wallace, Anne, Allentown, Pennsylvania, daughter of George Wallace, M.B.A.'58.Wolf, Lois, Chicago, daughter of Dr. Albert Wolf, '26, M.D/30.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23memorialsGRAWN, FRANK A., MD'96, of Ypsilanti,Mich., died May 31.HORNBECK, LE ROY, '00, of Kalamazoo,Mich., died October 16. Mr. Hornbeckwas past président of the KalamazooReal Estate Board and a director, National Real Estate Board.REED, CLARK SCAMMON, '00, of Co-lumbia, S.C., died October 9. Mr. Reedwas a Chicago attorney before his re-tirement.CARTER, HENRIETTA, (formerly Henri-etta Helen Chase, '01), of Burlingame,Calif., died July 13.ELFRETH, W. HENRY, '02, of Milford,Del., died September 17. A retired law-yer since 1930, Mr. Elfreth was a formermember of the Philadelphia and Penn-sylvania Bar Assns, and author of Patentsand Copyrights.BEERY, HARRY R., '03, MD'06, of SanFrancisco, died October 4. Dr. Beery, asurgeon until his retirement in 1950,was a member of Alpha Tau Oméga, PhiRho Epsilon, Alpha Oméga and Scab-bard and Blade during his student daysat the U of C.POTTER, HOLLIS E., '04, MD'08, ofStuart, Fia., died October 15. In additionto maintaining an office in downtownChicago, Dr. Potter headed the X-raydepartments of Presbyterian and CookCounty hospitals until his retirement in1956. He was founder and first présidentof the Chicago Roentgen Society, aformer président of the American Roentgen Ray Society and an officer in theAmerican Collège of Radiology.SPINK, JOSETTE, '04, of Chicago, diedAugust 6. Miss Spink, a French teacherin the U of C laboratory schools from1907 to 1944, and MISS VIOLET MIL-LIS, '05, who also taught there, co-authored several French texts for ele-mentary schools.SPOONER, JOHN P., MD'05, of Toledo,Ohio, died March 4.MOTT, FRANK LUTHER, '07, of Colum-bia, Mo., dean emeritus of the University of Missouri School of Journalism and a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalismhistorian, died October 24. Following hisgraduation he spent ten years in news-paper work in lowa, before going toColumbia University, where he receivedan AM and a PhD. In 1942, after teach-ing at the University of lowa for 21years, he became dean of the School ofJournalism at the University of Missouri.Mr. Mott received the Pulitzer Prize in1939 for his History of American Magazines. He also wrote what is said to bethe définitive history, American Journalism, 1690-1950. Although he retired fromhis position as dean in 1951, he continued to teach for seven years. He waswriting a fifth volume of his History ofAmerican Magazines at the time of hisdeath.SANDERSON, THOMAS H., '08, of Portage, Wisc, died September 2. Mr. San-derson, a member of the WisconsinState Bar Assn., and the American BarAssn., wrote Problems of Policy in Fédéral Taxation and National Défense andIndividual Liberties.EISENDRATH, DAVID B., '09, of Milwaukee, died in October. Chairman ofthe board of the B. D. Eisendrath Tan-ning Co. of Racine, Wisc, Mr. Eisendrath had been with that firm since 1909,being président from 1925-62. He wasalso, until 1960, chairman of the boardof Rainfair, Inc., of Racine, chairman ofthe Eisendrath Investment Corp., andan officer or director of other firms andtrade associations. Mr. Eisendrath alsoserved as chairman of the Racine Foundation, a charity organization. One ofhis two surviving daughters and two sonsis DAVID B. EISENDRATH, JR., '36,of Brooklyn, N.Y.FONGER, ROBERT V., '12, of Chicago,died October 1. He was an auditor andpublic accountant.ATHERTON, LEWIS O., '13, of Jackson,Mich., died March 16.FUNKHOUSER, ELMER, '13, MD'15, ofIndianapolis, died August 23.JOHNSON, MARGARET, (formerly Mar-garet May Higgins, '14), wife of ErnestL. Johnson of Evanston, 111. , has died. KLATTE, HENDERINA (formerly Hen-derina van de Erve, MD'14), of LosAngeles, died August 31.WILSON, ANNA G., '14, of Ottumwa,lowa, died February 28, 1963.DUNNING, FLORA C., '15, of Chicago,died July 16.ELLIOTT, ALVIN, AM'15, of Tulsa,Okla., died June 14.LEE, CHARLES O., DB'15, of Jackson,Miss., died June 23, 1962.STETSON, HARLAN T., PhD'15, of FortLauderdale, Fia., died September 16.An astronomer and geophysicist, Mr.Stetson studied thermoelectric method inphotographie photometry, solar éclipses,corrélation of sun-spots with radio réception and the human effect on ioni-zation of upper atmosphère. He taughtand did research at Ohio State, Harvard,Northwestern, Perkins Observatory ofOhio Wesleyan University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where hedirected the laboratory of cosmic ter-restrial research. At the Smithsonian Institution, Mr. Stetson was the James ArthurFoundation lecturer. Mr. Stetson, a member of the American Astronomical Societyand the American Physical Society, ledexpéditions to Norway, Sumatra andMalaya in the twenties.OLSON, HORACE L., '17, SM18, PhD'23,of Fort Wayne, Ind., died in May. Hewas a retired professor of mathematics.POTTER, WENDELL, '19, MD'21, aSpringfield, Mo., physician, died October 8,SHUCHTER, SAMUEL, '19, of Cincinnati, died November 4. In 1932, afterworking for several clothing manufac-turers including Hart Schaffner & Marx,Mr. Shuchter joined the Palm BeachCompany, a men's clothing manufacturer,as production head. From 1937 until heretired, he was vice-président in chargeof production for that company. An Armyintelligence officer in France duringWorld War I, Mr. Shuchter spoke sixforeign languages.KENNON, EDITH A., '20, of Corning,lowa, died December 15, 1962. She wasa retired high school principal.EVERSWELL, FRANK L., '21, AM'27,of Belleville, 111., died September 6.BURROWS, WINSTON R., '22, of Chicago, died November 5. He was chiefengineer for spécial services at the Whit-ing, Ind. plant of American Oil Company, with which he had been associatedfor 35 years.DARLINGTON, HENRY T., PhD'23, ofEast Lansing, Mich., died October 23.From 1914 until his retirement in 1945as a professor of botany, Mr. Darlingtontaught at Michigan State University. Hewas curator of the MSU Herbarium,24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964which has been named Beal-DarlingtonHerbarium in his honor. His book, TheMosses of Michigan, which describes 377species of Michigan mosses, was published October 1. Mr. Darlington was afellow of the American Association forthe Advancement of Science and a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi Scientific Society, Botanical Society of America, Michigan Academy of Science, Artsand Letters and the American Bryo-logical Society.MASEK, JOHN S., '23, MBA'50, PhD'57,0f Winter Park, Fia., died October 26.A récipient of the U of C Alumni Association Citation in 1954, Mr. MasekWas a member of the advisory board ofthe Association. In addition to his alumniactivities, he was active in the Red Cross,Rotary and the old Advertising Club; hewas a member of the board and executive committee of the Florida Symphony Society and a director of MeadBotanical Garden, Winter Park. Mr.Masek owned and managed John's Inc.,one of the country's largest shippers ofindoor foliage.BLATZ, WILLIAM E, PhD'24, of Toronto, died November 2. Mr. Blatz, a professer of child psychology at the University of Toronto, formerly directed theSt. George School of Child Study thereand was a consultant psychologist to theToronto Juvénile Court. Among his booksare Under standing the Young Child, andThe Five Sisters, an account of Mr.Blatz's expériences working with the Di-onne quintuplets during their early child-hood. He rejected Freudian théories ofpsychology, saying that "it is not neces-sary to postulate an unconscious," andhe once said that some children mightbe better educated by studying musicrather than reading, writing and arith-metic.HOLT, HOWARD T., AM'25, of Alta-dena, Calif., died December 29, 1963.JESSOPP, DUDLEY F., JD'25, of LakeForest, 111., died October 14. A partnerin the law firm of Kirkland, Ellis, Hodson,Chaffetz & M asters, which he joined in1931, Mr. Jessopp specialized in corpor-ate law.CARSE, BYRON A., '26, of Détroit, diedOctober 18.HAPP, ROBERT G., '20, of South Bend,Ind., died September 27. Mr. Happ,président of William Happ & Sons, Inc.,South Bend, had been président of theSouth Bend Real Estate Board and vice-président of the Indiana State Real EstateAssn.JOHNSON, MARION ALVIN, SM'26,PhD'28, of New Brunswick, N. J., deanof the Rutgers University GraduateSchool since 1954, died November 10.Mr. Johnson, who taught at SyracuseUniversity and Indiana State TeachersCollège, came to Rutgers in 1929 as anassistant professer of botany. Before be- coming dean, he was chairman of thedépartaient for nine years. His chief research interests involved plant morphol-ogy and anatomy. He was a member ofseveral scientific and botanical societies.RAINWATER, PERCY L., AM'27, PhD'36,of Jackson, Miss., died September 25.DOOR, EDWARD M., MD'29, of Chicago, died October 25. Dr. Dorr, a staffmember of Wesley Mémorial hospitalsince 1947, when he finished a four-yearterm as a naval médical officer, twiceserved as the hospital's chief of staff,and most recently headed the obstétricalsection of its department of obstetricsand gynecology. Dr. Dorr was president-elect of the American Association of Maternai and Child Health, former présidentof its Illinois organization, président ofthe Joint Maternai Welfare Committeeof Chicago and président of the Chicago Gynecological Society.RAPP, ELIABETH A. (formerly Elizabeth A. K. Sterner '29), of Riverside, 111.,died August 15.ADAMSON, GERTRUDE H. (formerlyGertrude Anne Herr, '30), of Claremont,Calif., died July 11.BOYES, WATSON, PhD'30, of Chicago,died September 9. Mr. Boyes becamesecretary of Haskell Oriental Muséum atthe U of C in 1928, and in 1931, whenit became the Oriental Institute, he continued as secretary until his retirementin 1963.HARMON, HENRY G., '30, of DesMoines, died October 5. Président ofDrake University in Des Moines from1941 until his death, Mr. Harmon beganhis career in éducation as professor ofEnglish at Sixth Provincial Normal Collège in Anhwei, China, where he taughtin 1923-24. From 1925-34 he was professor of éducation at Culver-StocktonCollège in Canton, Mo. Mr. Harmon thenbecame président of William WoodsCollège, Fulton, Mo., a position he helduntil his appointment to Drake's presi-dency. He was a director and member ofthe executive committee of the BankersLife Co., récipient of a University ofMinnesota Out standing AchievementAward in 1951 and member and pastprésident of the Greater Des MoinesCommittee.McBURNEY, RALPH, MD'30, of Tusca-loosa, Ala., died June 21.BUSH, FRED, AM'31, of Mt. Pleasant,Mich., died May 3. Mr. Bush was associate professor of English and speech,director of dramatics and director of theuniversity théâtre at Central MichiganUniversity there.HOFFMAN, JOHN J., PhD'31, of Winona,Minn., died June 19.MACK, HELEN, '31, of Alton, 111., died" August 12. When she retired in 1941she had completed 42 years service inAlton public schools, including terms as principal of Gilliam, Irving and Lincolnschools. A member and teacher in theFirst Presbyterian church in Alton, MissMack was a charter member of the AltonBranch of the American Association ofUniversity Women, which established ascholarship fund in her honor in 1941.CATRON, LLOYD, MD'32, of Akron,Ohio, died September 14.SCHULZ, EDWARD, '32, of Princeton,N. J., died November 7. Mr. Schulz hadbeen personnel director at RCA since hejoined the corporation in 1954. From1947 to 1953 he was assistant professorof business management at the NewYork University School of Commerce,Accounts and Finance. Mr. Schulz co-authored Eléments of Supervision withW. R. Spriegel in 1942.WILLIAMS, CLARA B., '33, of Blooming-ton, Ind., a retired teacher since 1962,died October 27.WAMPLER, ROY, PhD'33, of Toledo,Ohio, died May 4. Before his retirementhe was director of research for Libby-Owens-Ford Co., Toledo, where he hadworked for 32 years.PFEIL, WALTER F., AM'35, of Williams-ville, N. Y., died October 8. He was awholesale lumber broker.ALEXANDER, GRACE E., AM'37, of SanDiego, died in August. She was a retiredteacher.DWORKIN, MARY (formerly Mary EllenTaylor '41), of Evanston, 111., died September 24. She is survived by her hus-band, Zelman, a daughter, and a son,STEPHEN DWORKIN, a third year student at U of C.HELLBAUM, ARTHUR A., MD'43, ofArdmore, Okla., died September 4. Ateacher and research scientist since 1943,Dr. Hellbaum was professor and chairman of the department of pharmacologyat the Oklahoma University School ofMedicine from 1955-60.SCHUELER, FRED W., PhD'47, of NewOrléans, died September 7. He was adepartment chairman and professor inthe Tulane University School of Medicine.STRICKLAND, JULES, '49, of Los Angeles, died September 9.HARMON, ROGER, MD'62, of Chicago,died August 25. He became a résidentat Bobs Roberts Mémorial Hospital forChildren at the U of C and received aWyeth Résident Fellowship award forscholarship in 1963. In 1958 he was amember of the Michigan State University Big Ten championship 400-meterrelay swimming team; at the U of Che held swimming records in the 100-and 200-yard butterfly, the 100-yardbreast stroke and the 160-yard individual medley. He is survived by his wife,and two daughters.DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25news owfhe alumnito 32BARKER, BURT BROWN, '97, of Port-land, Ore., flew to New York in Octoberfor the funeral of his longtime friend,former président Herbert Hoover. Mr.Barker called the former président "Bert,"and still heads the Herbert HooverFoundation of Newberg, Ore., which hefounded. Friends since their teens, Mr.Hoover and Mr. Barker visited oneanother twice a year until the final yearof Mr. Hoover's illness. Mr. Barker, whowas vice-président of the University ofOregon from 1944-55, received the Alumni Citation for public service at the Uof C's 50th anniversary célébration in1941.BLAZER, PAUL G., '14, chosen byNational Petroleum News for its 1964 OilHall of Famé, was co-founder in 1924,and later président of Ashland RefiningCo., Ky. He built the company into whatit is now by acquiring eight companies,representing various phases of the oilbusiness, between 1930 and 1959, atwhich time Mr. Blazer retired as président but remained chairman of the finance and executive committees. He de-signed a boat with up-river propulsionstrength in 1941 and he was awarded theU of C Alumni Citation in 1949. Mrs.Blazer is the former GEORGIA MON-ROE, 14.HUTSLER, F. LEON, '14, of Los Angeles,returned from a European tour October15. Mr. and Mrs. Hutsler sailed first toLisbon, Portugal; subsequently they tooka 200 mile bus trip into the interior; nextthey flew to Madrid, Paris, Lucerne, Ven-ice and Rome, Athens, Vienna, Berlin,Copenhagen, London and last, to Walesto see some of Mrs. Hutsler's relatives.Mr. Hutsler retired in 1956 after 33 yearswith the Los Angeles branch of the U.S.Rubber Co.SHILTON, EARLE A., '14, JD'16 andhis wife (formerly MIRIAM BALDWIN,'14) returned to Chicago October 19after a trip to Europe, during which theystayed at Copenhagen, London and Paris.FISHER, D. JEROME, '17, SM'20, PhD-'22, professor emeritus of mineralogy inthe U of C's department of geophysical26 THE sciences, will spend December in India,conducting meetings of the InternationalMineralogical Assn., of which he is président. En route he will attend a USANational Committee on Geology meetingat Miami, November 20, and make afield trip in Puerto Rico. His wife is theformer DOROTHY DORSETT, '19.YOUNG, MRS. PAULINE V., '19, is thenewly appointed head of the sociologydepartment, at the Chinese University ofHong Kong. She is not a Fulbrightgrantee, but employed by the governmentof Hong Kong.PHILLIPS, MISS ORA E., '20, of OakPark, 111., will retire December 31 after40 years as secretary to the manager ofthe Chicago Clearing House Assn.HEMENS, ROLLIN D., '21, retired re-cently as spécial advisor to the directorof the University of Chicago Press, wherehe began working in the sales departmentin 1923. He has been director, assistantdirector and acting director of the Press,in addition to serving as science editor,chairman of the Press editorial board,editor of the scientific, educational andreligious publications until 1959 and thenfounder and editor of the journal, DentalProgress. Mr. Hemens has held threeoffices, including the presidency, of theAssociation of American UniversityPresses.WORNER, MISS RUBY K., '21, SM'22,PhD'25, received the 1964 Award ofMerit from the American Society for Test-ing and Materials. Miss Worner is technical officer for textile technology in theU.N. Food and Agricultural Organizationlocated at Cairo, UAR. In 1960-61 shewas a visiting Fulbright professor at theUniversity of Alexandria, UAR; and from1940-62 was associate textile technologistfor USDA's southern research and development division.ZAHRINGER, MISS JEANNETTE E., '21of Chicago, retired after 30 years as thelibrarian for patients in Albert MerrittBillings Hospital, a career which beganshortly after she went to work there as anAuxiliary Committee volunteer, a groupwhich opérâtes the library, among otherservices. Miss Zahringer built the libraryfrom about 200 books to several thousand,many in foreign languages; two otherpatients' libraries in the University Médical Center are credited to her efforts. Oneis in the Home for Destitute CrippledChildren and the other is in the Bobs Roberts Mémorial Hospital. She felt thata reader's physical condition influence^his choice of books, a fact she kept ^mind when selecting books for the librarySAMUELS, ERNEST, '23, JD'26, AM'31,PhD'42, chairman of the English départ!ment of Northwestern University, has hadhis third and final volume on HenryAdams published by the Harvard Uni,versity Press. The title is, Henry Adams;The Major Phase. His second volumeHenry Adams: The Middle Years, wonthe Bancroft prize in 1959. Mr. Samuels'daughter, Susanna (MRS. HELMUTEPP), is a graduate student in math-ematics at the U of C on a NationalScience Fellowship.ANDERSON, HAROLD A, '24, AM'26,associate professor of éducation at theU of C and executive officer for the Pakistan Education project since 1958, willretire January 1, 1965. At présent he isat the Education Extension Center,Whadat Colony, Lahore, West Pakistan.Mr. Anderson began his U of C career asinstructor of English at the U of C HighSchool, 1924; he was chairman of thatdepartment from 1935-39 and in 1938 hebecame assistant professor of éducationin the University. Other posts include thatof director of student teaching, 1943-58and dean of students, 1948-53. He is co-author of The High School in a New Era,with Francis S. Chase and AdvancedReading Skill Builders, published in fourvolumes, with Isabel M. Kincheloe.BOSSING, NELSON L., PhD'25, professorof secondary éducation at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, recentlygave a réception for the daughter of SunPan Cheng, a professor at Taiwan NormalUniversity, Formosa, who translated intoChinese Mr. Bossing's book Teaching inSecondary Schools. This book also hasbeen translated into Turkish, Spanish andJapanese.ELMER, FRANKLIN D. JR., BD'30, ofFlint, Mich., October 4th raised the "flagof humanity," which he originally de-signed in 1934, in a ceremony at Wood-side Church where he is minister.MOSS, C. MALCOLM, JD'30, is president-elect of the Vanderbilt University AlumniAssn., Nashville. He will assume dutiesnext June. Mr. Moss is counsel for thePrudential Insurance Co. of America inthe Chicago office.McNEE, MARCIA A., AM'31, retired inOctober as associate professor of elemen-tary éducation at Morningside Collège,Sioux City, lowa.ALMOND, GABRIEL A., '32, PhD'38, ofStanford, Calif., and professor of politicalscience at Stanford University, was elect-ed président of the American PoliticalScience Assn., to take office September,1965.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964iQ £ continued "^J Je,HART, MISS KATHERINE M., SM'32,became president-elect of the AmericanDietetic Assn. July 30. She is chairman ofthe department of institution administration at Michigan State University, EastLansing.RONAN, MRS. C. T. (EILEEN M. FITZ-PATRICK, '32), who teaches readingtechniques at the University of Détroit,has just finished a study of "Vocabularyas a Major Criterion of Achievement,"finding that the successful student ranksat least in the 70th percentile in Englishvocabulary tests. Mrs. Ronan is présidentof the Détroit Women Writers' Club andis involved in the Writers' Conférence,held annually with Oakland University.GOLBER, MRS. MYRON (ESTHER A.MARETZ, '33, AM'53), of Chicago hasa son, David, at the U of C who waselected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society,and honored at a dinner at the Quad-rangle Club last June.MOSK, STANLEY, '38, California's attor-ney gênerai, became a justice of thatstate's suprême court, September 1. Before his élection to the attorney general-ship in 1958, Mr. Mosk had been asuperior court judge for 15 years. Gov.Brown described him as a man who "hasgiven ample proof to the bench, the barand the people of this state of his bril-liance and of the depth of his under-standing of the law." Shortly after heassumed his new position, Mr. Moskspoke to U of C alumni in Pasadena,decrying bureaucracy, "the rigid andformai attitudes which pervade the man-agerial levels of both government andbusiness."NEWMAN, LOUIS B., MD'33, chief ofthe physical medicine and rehabilitationservice at the Vétérans AdministrationResearch Hospital in Chicago and professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at Northwestern University Médical School, will represent the AmericanAcademy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the National Stroke Con-gress. Dr. Newman has received ninecitations, including the U of C AlumniCitation for public service in 1959. He isa member of many professional groups,and has held offices in three.POULTER, THOMAS C, PhD'33, of LasAltas Hills, Calif., has been director,since 1961, of the Sonar Biological Laboratory at Stanford University where fourStellar Sea Lion pups are being raised.Mr. Poulter, who was assistant professorin the U of C department of chemistry,1923-25, served at lowa Wesleyan Collège in Mt. Pleasant, as head of the de partments of chemistry and physics andas head of the Division of Mathematics,Physical Science and Astronomy from1925-33.A member of the Arizona Meteor Expédition in 1932, he was the senior scientistand second in command for Byrd's secondAntarctic Expédition in 1933-35 while ona Guggenheim fellowship. Director of thePoulter Laboratories from 1954-60, he ispresently a professor at Stanford University, associate director of the ResearchInstitute since 1948 and science directorand gênerai manager of the physical andlife sciences since 1960.Mr. Poulter designed an antarctic snowcruiser, invented the Poulter SeismaticMethod of Geophysical Exploration, received two Congressional medals and theAlumni Association Medal in 1963.WEIR, JOHN, '33, MD'37, PhD'37, ofNew York, was elected Director for theMédical and Natural Sciences divisionof the Rockefeller Foundation on October24. Today, the chief interests of thisinternational program, which helpedcontrol épidémie diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, are problems ofpopulation, nutrition and development ofhealth care for rural résidents of under-developed countries. Dr. Weir came tothe Rockefeller Foundation in 1939 asa field staff member of the InternationalHealth Division. In 1953 he was namedassistant director for Médical Educationand Public Health, and in 1955 he wasmade associate director. His wife is theformer MARY ALICE SPENSLEY, '32.CHAPEL, ROBERT J., '34, was promotedto manager of marketing research anddevelopment for the Xerox Corp. this September. He came to Xerox in 1962 asmanager of product applications and Systems; previously he was employed at Admirai Homes, Inc. and as professor ofmarketing at the University of Pittsburgh. THE NEW CHICAGO CHAIRAn attractive, sturdy, comfortablechair finished in jet black withgold trim and gold silk-screenedUniversity shield.$34.00Order from and make checks payable toTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION5733 University Ave., Chicago 37Chairs will be shipped express col-lect from Gardner, Mass. withinone month.Undivided ResponsibilityHère the conception of an ideacarried to its final printed formis made possible by each stepbeing performed under our own roof.Departments encompass art anddesign, photography, process color,plate making, single and multicolorpresswork, binding and shipping.Thus, the integrated opération ofthis organization backed with arecord of 30 years' reliability onmajor projects makes possible ourservice of undivided responsibilityPhoto press¦.1JA»JI»!I.M:HJ!MEisenhower Expressway at Gardner RoadBROADVIEW, ILL. COlumbus 1-1420DECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27Q Ji continued —JlJl,RENEKER, ROBERT, '34, of Chicago,a vice-président and director of Swift& Co., was elected président of thecompany, November 2, succeeding PorterM. Jarvis, a trustée of the University,who became chairman of the board. Mr.Reneker joined Swift's purchasing department after graduation from the U ofC, and ten years later became a vice-presidential assistant. Among his mostrécent responsibilities were industrial relations, coordination of the company'sfuture planning and assisting the président. He has been président of FaithUnited Church, has headed various industrial divisions of the Joint Appealdrives, is a member of the executiveboard of the Welfare Council and président of the Executive Board of the Chicago Area Council Boy Scouts of America. He and his wife hâve two children.NORBY, WILLIAM C, '35, of Chicagohas become senior vice président at Harris Trust and Savings Bank, Chicago.Upon graduation with Phi Beta Kappamembership, Mr. Norby went to workfor the bank as messenger boy. He is theimmédiate past national président of theFinancial Analysts Fédération.BERG, OWEN C, '36, MD'41 and hiswife, the former HARRIET VAN EM-DEN '37, announced the marriage of sonOwen C. Berg, Jr. to Patricia E. EmersonAugust 29. The senior Bergs live inWichita Falls, Tex.BRANCH, EDGAR M., AM'38, was appointed Miami Research Professor atMiami University, Oxford, Ohio. Professorsince 1957 and chairman from 1959-64 of the department of English, Mr. Branchdoes research on James T. Farrell andMark Twain. Due to his Professorshiphis teaching load will be reduced. Mrs.Branch is the former MARY J. EMERSON, '37.JACOBY, NEIL H., PhD'38, was namedmember of the Council of the NationalPlanning Assn., a study group which hasreported on the development of privateenterprise in South America, Africa andthe financing of urban renewal. Mr. Ja-coby, since 1948, dean of the School ofBusiness Administration, University ofCalifornia at Los Angeles, was a U of Cassistant professor of finance in 1938;subsequently professor, secretary and in1945 vice président. Consultant to theSperry Rand Corp. since 1951, DeanJacoby served on former Président Eisen-hower's Council of Economie Advisors,1953-55; currently is représentative inthe économie and social council of theU.N., since 1957; director and économieadviser of Electronics Investment Corp.,since 1958 and director of ElectronicsCapitol Corp., since 1959. His books include Can Prosperity Be Sustained? andhe was assistant to former Président Eisenhower in Economie Reports to Congress.Mrs. Jacoby is the former CLAIREGRUHN, '40.PERRY, HART, '39, AM'40, of New York,was incorrectly described as acting director of Financial Services, Inc., a sub-sidiary of International Téléphone andTelegraph Corp. in our October News ofthe Alumni. Mr. Perry is acting présidentof the subsidiary and is a director andthe treasurer of I. T. & T.NAYLOR, GEORGE, AM'40, of New YorkCity, began a year's assignment for theUnited Nations as advisor in family andchild welfare to the government of theRepublic of Indonesia this fall. Mr. Naylorhas been director of the department ofsupport, American Foundation for theBlind, Inc., for three years. Previously heestablished the information and referralservice, and later was field représentative.His work for the foundation was suspend-ed in 1958 by his U.N. assignment asadvisor to the Greek government in mat-ters of family and child welfare.BURKE, VINCENT J., '41, will begin atwo-year term as Moscow bureau chieffor the Los Angeles Times in mid-De-cember. He joined the Washington bureau of that newspaper two years agoafter several years as the Capitol Hillreporter for United Press International.His wife is VELMA WHITGROVEBURKE, '43.WALSH, STEPHEN, '41, is a civilian onthe staff of finance officers at Fort Sheri-dan, 111.KENWARD, JOHN F., '42, MD'44, U of Cassociate professor in the departments ofpsychiatry and pediatrics and director ofthe Child Psychiatry Clinic, received a grant from the U.S. Public Health Serviceof $77,421 to train young physicians-in.résidence in child psychiatry.WILLIAMS, HOWELL V., PhD'42, afood-for-peace officer of the Agency f0rInternational Development is workingwith the Indian government as part of alarger project to help Rajasthan, India,which is suffering from famine. Mr. W|.liams was instructor in the U of C Schoolfor Social Service Administration from1940-41, whereupon he became professorat University of California and lecturerat the University of Southern Californiauntil 1947, when he went to the University of Louisville, Ky., later to becomedean of their Raymond A. Kent School ofSocial Work.MOSELEY, MANUAL F., '43, of ElCajon, Calif., was named to a newly-created position of manager of opérationsof the Précision Métal Products Divisionof Fairchild Caméra and InstrumentCorp. Mr. Moseley was formerly theDivision's marketing and contractingmanager. He has been an alderman anddirector of the Chamber of Commerce ofRoswell, N.M. He served with U.S. Armymilitary intelligence in World War II.ASHLEY, HOLT, '44, of Cambridge, Mass,professor of aeronautics at MassachusettsInstitute of Technology is on leave andin India with 22 other American educatorsteaching in the Indian Institute of Tech-nology's department of aeronautics, atKanpur. Mr. Ashley has been on theMassachusetts Institute of Technology faculty since 1947, becoming a professor in1961, and is advisor and consultant tovarious governmental and private manu-facturers of aeronautic equipment.JANSEN, JOHAN J. H., '44, of LongBeach, Calif., has been appointed assistant director of opérations analysis foiMonsanto Europe, S.A., at Brussels, Bel-28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964h, Il continued — Jjl /giuni. He has been plant manager of theLong Beach plant of the Monsanto Co.plastics division.LEVY, ALBERT, PhD'44, is now part ofthe professional staff of the weapons Systems évaluation division of the Institutefor Défense Analyses in Washington, D.C.The institute is a not-for-profit corporation consisting of 11 universities, includ-ing the U of C, which conducts technicalanalyses and économie and politicalstudies, under contract to the Departmentof Défense. Mr. Levy was with the Stanford Research Institute's défense analysiscenter prior to this summer.CARRUTH, HAYDEN, AM'47, of Johnson,Vt, won the first prize of $1,000 in theVirginia Quarterly Review - conductedEmily Clark Balch Contest at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. His poemwas entitled "North Winter." Elder Oison,U of C professor of English, won a secondprize of $500 for five short poems. Mrs.Carruth is the former SARAH ANDER-SON, AM'47, PhD'58.GILBERT, HOWARD N., '47, of Skokie,IU., was one of two who received the firstannual Young Leadership Awards fromthe Jewish Welfare Fund of MetropolitanChicago, November 10. Mr. Gilbert, anattorney with the Chicago firm of Rusnak,Deutsch and Gilbert, was cited by theaward committee for his "dynamic contributions in the development of the Associate Board of Mount Sinai Hospital," aJewish Fédération agency. From 1962-63he was président of that Board, afterwhich time he became a member of thehospital's board of directors. HEATH, MISS E. ARLINE, '47, AM'52,returned this fall from India after 4%years as nurse éducation advisor in theAID project to help establish collèges ofnursing in central and northwest India.LANDRUM, ROBERT K., '47, was electedprésident and trust officer of the lstState Bank & Trust Co., of Columbus,Ohio. Prior to September he was président of the Wood County Bank, Parkers-burg, W. Va.MELTZER, JACK, AM'47, director of theU of C Center for Urban Studies willhead a preliminary inquiry into the ade-quacy of collège curricula in the field ofurban affairs, on a grant of $15,000 fromthe Carnegie Foundation of New York.One of the questions asked will concernthe achievement of the city planner asrelated to his preparatory training inschool.PFAUTZ, HAROLD W., AM'47, PhD'54,is director of the Brown University(Providence, R.I. ) project with TougalooSouthern Christian Collège, Miss., aimingat expansion and strengthening of theTougaloo Collège faculty, at creating asummer reading program for prefreshmen,and developing the already establishedtutorial System, in which Mr. Pfautz willteach sociology in the '64 fall semester.Finally, Brown University will start a 5thyear of study on its campus for TougalooCollège graduâtes who wish to qualify forgraduate and professional schools. Mr.Pfautz is vice président of the UrbanLeague of Rhode Island, and member ofthe subcommittee on minority housing ofthe Citizen's Advisory Committee onUrban Renewal in Providence. The président of Tougaloo Southern Christian Collège is A. D. BEITTEL, '25, PhD'29. Thenews was sent by Mrs. J. E. Long ( BEVERLY M. GLENN, '44).ROBINSON, JOHN K., '47, '48, of MillValley, Calif., président of the Marin( Calif. ) chapter of the United NationsAssn., is chairman of a liaison committeewhich will help coordinate efforts byNorthern California groups wishing toparticipate in the 1965 célébration of theU.N.'s 20th anniversary.SIEMANOWSKI, RICHARD, '47, of NewYork City, is producer of ColumbiaBroadcasting System news and becauseof his executive services rendered to CBSan unrestricted grant of $3,000 was givento the U of C this summer. Eight otheruniversities were thus benefited this year.STAINBROOK, RICHARD D., AM'47, isvice président for development at Franklin Collège, Ind.SUGERMAN, DANIEL D., '47, of Chicago, was elected chairman of the boardof Berger Steel Co., Inc., of Lafayette,Ind., manufacturer of steel joists. Mr.Sugerman, since 1954, has been présidentof Union Steel Co., Chicago, a steel ware-housing and distribution company. t. A. MHWWjT cof SidewalksFactory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrète BreakingNOrmal 7-0433We operate our own dry cleaning plant1309 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Ml dway 3-0602 NO rmal 7-98581553 E. Hyde Park Blvd. F Air fax 4-57591442 E. 57th Mldway 3-0607RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TéléphoneMOnroe 6-3192POND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultiqraphingAddressograph ServiceHighest Quality ServiceAN Phones:Ml 2-8883 MimeographïngAddressingMailingMinimum Priées219 W. Chicago Ave.Chicago 10, IllinoisBEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24 HOVR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.Furnit ore Repai'ringUpho/sfering • RefinishingAntiques Reslored1919 N. Sheffleld Ave. • Ll 9-7180M0DEL CAMERA SH0PLeica - Bolex - Roi leiflex - Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model SuppliesDECEMBER, 1964 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29U8-5UGURNEY, CLIFFORD W., '48, MD'51,associate professor of medicine and chiefof the hematology section at the U of CMédical Center was chosen by the Classof 1964 to receive the $500 McClintockAward for outstanding teaching. Dr.Gurney is a member of Phi Beta Kappa,a Markle Scholar and spent a year inresearch at the Laszlo Lajtha BiologicalRadiation Laboratory at Churchill Hospital, Oxford, in 1960. Mrs. Gurney is theformer DORIS B. ARNETT, '4.5.McCABE, ROBERT E., AM'48, AM'52,was appointed, September 1, assistantcommissioner in the Fédéral Urban Re-newal Administration's relocation andrehabilitation department. Mr. McCabehas been employed in fédéral urban re-newal agencies since 1949, but in 1954he gave technical advice on urban planning to the community of Barranquilla,Colombia, South America, where he methis wife. In 1960 and '64 he was consultant to the Pan American Union in theirefforts to establish graduate courses inurban renewal in South Ame.ïcan universities. At Yale University in 1960, hewas visiting critic in the department ofart and architecture.WILK, MYRON H., '48, is vice présidentin charge of past-due commercial accountsat Wilk-Rogers Associates, Inc., créditand collection consultants in New YorkCity.SPIEGEL, ZANE, '49, AM'52, in 1963-64was visiting professor in the departmentof civil engineering, Impérial Collège ofScience and Technology at the Universityof London. A ground water geologist in1949 for the U.S. Geological Survey, he was Fulbright lecturer in hydrology whichis the study of underground water sources,at the University of San Augustin, Are-quipa, Peru from 1952-59. He served asresearch assistant and National ScienceFoundation fellow in geology at the NewMexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 1959-63. His research has con-cerned the artificial replenishment ofsemiconfined aquifiers, or water-bearingstrata of earth; the ancient geohydrologyof South India and aerial geology.BALABAN, MARTIN, '50, PhD'59, September 1, became assistant professor ofzoology at Michigan State University,East Lansing.CLARK, CLIFFORD D., AM'50, PhD'53,of Brooklyn, N.Y., this fall became associate dean of the Graduate School ofBusiness Administration, New York University, where he joined the faculty asassociate professor of économies in 1957,and was promoted to professor in 1962.Having previously taught at the University of North Carolina at Raleigh, heserved in the U.S. foreign service in1951-55. At présent he is research consultant to the New York State JointLégislative Committee on unemploymentinsurance. His wife, MRS. MARGERYBLAIR CLARK, received her Master'sdegree hère in 1955.HEINE, RALPH W., PhD'50, U of Cassociate professor in the department ofpsychiatry, received a U.S. Public HealthService grant of $29,204 for training ofinterns in clinical psychology.BRICKELL, HENRY M., AM'51, assistantsuperintendent of instructional servicesin the Manhasset, N.Y., public schools,was appointed director of a curriculumdevelopment study to détermine what aidthe Educational Testing Service, ofPrinceton, N.J., should give to localgroups who are improving school curricu-la. Previously Mr. Brickell was a Co-lumbia University research associatestudying matters affecting school quality. KAPLAN, MARSHALL A., AM'52, PhD'60, of Washington, D.C., appointedeconomist in the office of research andhome finance of the Fédéral Home LoanBank Board, will analyze économie de-velopments related to housing and thehousing markets. A senior staff economistfor 8 years on the board of the PrésidentsCouncil of Economie Advisers, he waspreviously a researcher in the office ofagricultural économies research of theU of C, 1953-54 and an instructor at Wil-liams Collège, Williamstown, Mass1954-56.NEAL, HAROLD T., MBA'53, of Owego,N. Y., is IBM's manager of advanced tac-tical missile programs in its Owego-basedspace guidance center. He first workedfor IBM as a senior engineer in applications engineering for the fédéral Systemsdivision in 1963, later became technicaladvisor in military Systems development.BONDAREFF, WILLIAM, PhD'54, joinedthe faculty of the anatomy departmentat Northwestern University in July, 1963.His wife is the former WINIFRED VAN-DERWALKER, '56.UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1 354 East 55th Street" /4 4ÛKHtf faute"MemberFédéral Deposit Insurance CorporationMtJseum 4-1200B0YD & G0ULDSINCE 1888HYDE PARK AWNING C0. INC.SINCE 1896NOW UNDER ONE MANAGEMENTAwnings and Canopies for AU Purposes9305 South Western Phone: 239-1511GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLaite Street KEdzie 3-3186Offset Printiny • Impnnting • AddremsographmgMultilithing • Copy Préparation • Automatic tneertlngTypewriting * Addreeeing * Folding • MailingCHICAGO ADDRESSIN& * PWNTING COMPANY720 SOUTH DEARBORN STREET WAbflsh 2-456130 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 196456-60Photo by Oscar & Associates, Inc.DANCEY, JOHN M., MBA'56, was pro-moted to sales manager in the investmentdepartment at Harris Trust and SavingsBank, Chicago, in October. Mr. Dancey,who has been with the bank since 1953,is a member of the Chicago MunicipalBond Club, the University Club andKappa Sigma fraternity.MARTY, MARTIN E., PhD'56, deliveredthe Baccalaureate sermon and was madean honorary Doctor of Letters at ThielCollège, Greenville, Pa., last June. He isan associate professor at the U of CDivinity School, and a member of theeditorial staffs of The Christian Century,The Pulpit, and Church History.ZUCKERBRAUN, MATTHEW, '56, '57, isworking on his dissertation in suburbanpolitics at Wheaton Collège, Norton,Mass., after a year at Hamilton Collège,Clinton, N.Y. and two years at the CityUniversity of New York.BOWER, MISS MARIAN B., AM'57, ac-cepted the position of associate directorof nursing éducation at St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing in Racine, Wisc.Since 1957, she has been teacher andnurse in the Chicago public school division of Health Services, director of nurs-lng, since 1959, at Lutheran General andDeaconess Hospitals, in Park Ridge andChicago. Three years later she becamethe director of nursing éducation at Wal-tner Mémorial Hospital School of Nursing,Chicago.UARL1NG, FRANK C, AM'57, this fallfinished his first book, The United States and Thailand: A Diplomatie and PoliticalAnalysis, with an introduction by HansJ. Morgenthau, to be published by thePublic Affairs Press, Washington, D.C.Mr. Darling is professor in the departmentof political science, University of Colorado at Boulder.DE LOOFF, MISS DOROTHY, '57, anurse officer with the U. S. Public HealthService, began a two-year assignment inSaigon in October, under the auspices- ofthe U. S. Agency for International Development, assisting Vietnamese nursesin training programs and extending hospital services. Miss De Looff recentlyreturned from West Pakistan where shehad been on an AID assignment for twoyears, supervising and teaching at theCollège of Nursing in Karachi.LAMBERT, BYRON C, PhD'57, of Hack-ensack, N.J., is dean of the Evening Division of Fairleigh Dickinson University,supervising 10,000 evening students onthe Rutherford, Teaneck and Madisoncampuses.TAYLOR, ROBERT G., MBA'57, PhD'63,became associate professor of accountingat Northeastern University, Boston, Mass.,this fall. He was previously with ArthurAndersen and Co., Chicago.BURKE, FRANK G., AM'59, of Arlington,Va., is head of processing in the manu-script division of the Library of Congress.A student employée in the acquisitionsdepartment of Harper Library he becameassistant bookkeeper of that departmentupon graduation and subsequently assistant curator of manuscripts and archives.Mrs. Burke is the former HILDEGARDW. ARDNT, AM'59.SARTE, VICTOR J., MBA'59, received theU.S. Air Force Commendation Medal asminuteman Systems program director inthe Air Force Systems Command's Bal-listic Systems Division at the Norton base,Calif. Colonel Sarte is now research anddevelopment director in a Stratégie AirCommand unit at the Francis E. Warrenbase, Wyo.SENN, RICHARD H., JD'59, an executivewith Investors Overseas Services, an investment firm in Geneva, Switzerland,married Eve Rozsa of Nairobi, Kenya,October 4. In 1960 Mr. Senn went toKarachi, Pakistan with the United StatesInformation Service, after which he spenttwo and one-half years in Saigon. Hisfather is Irving R. Senn, '23, JD'25, aChicago attorney.NICHOLSON, JON M., AM'60, was appointed assistant director of admissionsat the U of C in October. A member ofthe admissions staff for three years, Mr.Nicholson will interview prospective University students at U. S. high schools andhelp supervise sélection of candidates foradmission to the Collège. He is a PhDcandidate at the U of C in educationaladministration. YOUR FAVORITEF OU NT A IN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S .MADE WITHSwiftsJceCreaniiA product of f Swift &7409 SePhone I CompanySo. Slats SlreelRAdcliffe 3-7400the first thingto saveforyouroldageisyou!Pv.t first things first. Form the life-saving habit. Hâve a health check-up once a year, every year. Thatway your doctor has the chanceto detect cancer in its early andmore curable stage. Start yournew saving plan now, with aphone call to your doctor! 'american cancer societyTHIS SPACE CONTRIBUTED BY THE PUBUSHER°ecember, 1964 the university of Chicago magazine .ilPhoto by U.S. Agency for Intl. Dev.THOMPSON, ROBERT A., '60, AM'62, ofArlington, Va., is training in Washington.D.C. to be an assistant development officer in Vietnam, a position to which hewas appointed by the U. S. Agency forInternational Development. With 21other appointées, Mr. Thompson will liveand work in the countryside, helpingwith such projects as schools and farmimprovement. After serving for nearlyeight years with the Army in Korea andJapan, he was a management analyst inAID's Office of International Training inWashington.WAX, MRS. PHILLIP M. (PHYLLISRITZENBERG, '60), of Glendale, Wisc,has taught the fifth and sixth grades forthe past two years. The previous two yearsshe taught at the same level in Arlington.Va. Mr. Wax is a Milwaukee attorney.CURRIER, DONALD R., MBA'61, waspromoted to lieutenant colonel in theU.S. Air Force at their office of scientificresearch, Washington, D.C. He is assistant for plans and programs and part ofthe Aerospace Research Office.HORAN, STEPHEN J., '61, graduate student in the U of C department of art,received one of the "flying fellowships"recently established by an anonymousdonor who felt that only first-hand expérience could complète a student-career inart. By traveling quickly to world culturalcenters in France, Italy, and Spain, Mr.Horan will be allowed a non-tourist intensive three month study of French,Italian and Spanish Romanesque andEarly Gothic architecture; he will view32 THE sculpture at Toulouse, Paris; stained glassat the Saint-Denis, Bourges and Chartrescathedrals; the Meuse Valley Romanesquemanuscripts; the Burgundian churches ofAutun, Vezelay and Cluny, and Byzantine architecture.ATKINSON, MISS LYNNE, AM'62, joinedthe MacMurray Collège, Jacksonville, 111.,faculty as instructor of rhetoric, this fall.Miss Atkinson was chairman of the department of composition and languages atthe Central YMCA Junior Collège, Chicago. She has studied at the Sorbonne,Paris and is a degré élémentaire-holder.MEARS, JOHN A., AM'62, of Las Cruces,N.M., is now an assistant professor ofhistory in the department of history andsocial sciences at New Mexico State University in University Park, His wife,Rona, was for two years editorial assistantof The University of Chicago Magazine.SWITZ, DONALD M., MD'62, of Cleve-land, Ohio, is résident at University Hos-pitals, Cleveland.KAY, MRS. H. RUSSEL (HARRIET D.GOROV, '63), left for Brazil September17 with 55 other Peace Corps volun-teers. As health generalist, she will belocated in the west Brazilian state ofMato Grosso which recently has beenflooded with immigrants. During a 10-week training session at the University ofWisconsin, at Milwaukee, Miss Kay studied Portuguese, Brazil's history and culture, reviewed American history and institutions and world affairs.HANKINS, THOMAS D., SM'64, and hiswife, as members of the Peace Corps,left for Ethiopia September 17, afterstudying Amharic, the language of Ethiopia, her history and culture, Americanhistory and world affairs at the University of California at Los Angeles thissummer. Mr. Hankins will teach geog-raphy in Ethiopia, which has had a 35%increase of secondary school teacherssince the advent of the Peace Corps. OLSON, JON D., MBA'64, became stagassistant at Baxter International, a Chj.cago division of Baxter Laboratories, lncSANDERSON, ROBERT C. MBA'64, Juiy1, became administrative assistant at Uni.versity Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, aftera year's residency there as part of a twoyear graduate course in hospital adminis.tration at the U of C. Mr. Sanderson wj]]be in charge of spécial administrative andnursing projects.Joint News Item 1-FIELDS, PAUL R'41, MARK S. FRED, '33, SM'34, PhD'37, JOSEPH J. KATZ, PhD'42, HENRYH. SELIG, '49, SM'50, LEE C. TENGSM'48, PhD'51, and HARRY YOUNaQUIST, '42, appeared in a nationwidetelevised séries of programs explainingsome of the research and equipment atArgonne National Laboratory, which began September 13 and ended October 30.The programs in which thèse men parti-cipated included the transmutation ofmetals by bombardment in the cyclotronspectroscopy, the making of compoundsout of inert gases, growing plants inheavy water and high energy physics research with the Zéro Gradient ProtonSynchrotron.Joint News Item 2-ROBERT S. APPLE-BAUM, '63, FRANK BROUDE, '59MBA'60, STEPHEN BROWN, '63, GER-ALD J. MAST, '61, AM'62, and KEN-NETH M. PIERCE, '63, of Chicago,hâve produced a cabaret-style revuecalled "The Six Ages of Man," whichwas performed in August at the AllertonHôtel in Chicago. Mr. Applebaum is agraduate student in the School of Education; Mr. Broude is a PhD candidatein économies; Mr. Brown and Mr. Mastare graduate students in English; andMr. Pierce, a graduate student of theCommittee on General Studies in theHumanities, hâve been variously involvedin U of C jazz and folk concerts, "PalJoey," "Sing Out Sweet Rock," "GoodNews," and "Slice of Paradise."The University of Chicago Alumni AssociationPHILIP C. WHITE, '35, Ph.D.'38 PrésidentFERD KRAMER, '22 Chairman, The Alumni FundHARRY SHOLL, Acting Executive Director • RUTH G. HALLORAN, Administrative AssistantHARRY SHOLL, Director, The Alumni Fund • FLORENCE MEDOW, Asst. Director, The Alumni FundJEAN HASKIN, Program DirectorEastern régional office: DAVID R. LEONETTI, Director,20 West 43rd Street, New York, N.Y. 10036 Téléphone: PEnnsylvania 6-0747Los Angeles représentative: (MRS.) MARIE STEPHENS,1195 Charles Street, Pasadena, Calif. 91103 Téléphone: SYcamore 3-4545 (after 3 P.M.)San Francisco représentative: MARY LEEMAN,Room 146, 420 Market Street, San Francisco, Calif. 94111 Téléphone: YUkon 1-1180Membership: Open to graduâtes and former students of The University of Chicago.One year, $5 single, $6 joint; three years, $12 single, $15 joint; Life, $100 single, $125joint (payable in five annual installments). Includes Magazine subscription.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DECEMBER, 1964Hère are some of the ways we handle your téléphone calls todayA buried coaxial cable may carry as many as9300 phone conversations at the same time. Radio relay Systems can handle more than17,000 simultaneous phone conversations. Submarine cables whisk your words under-seas asclearlyaswhenyou talk acrosstown.Thèse developments will speed your téléphone conversations tomorrowA Worldwide System, pioneered by Telstar®satellites, may speed your calls via space. Electronic Switchingwill connectyou fasterand provide many usef ul new phone services. Directly-dialed Collect and Person calls willspeed to completion with Operator aid.And ail are planned to meet an expanding nation's need for serviceAs the population grows and householdsmultiply and business machines devourgreater mountains of data, the Bell Systemmust constantly find and develop new com munications techniques to stay ahead ofnew demands. We're working hard to dothat today. And we can promise you finer,faster, more versatile services tomorrow.Bell SystemAmerican Téléphone & Telegraph Co. and Associated Companies