I *¦** UNIVERSITY/ of/*AGAZINEVJ Jf* IP^^^.- :-":-:--APRIL 196?) % »f ;, J ?- I -_jS'¦-». • £LUMN"£I a special report1OLD IlNEW^ROUTINE !||!pAREER/Have you come to the fork in the road ?Here's a way to find out if you'll like—and are suited for— a new and satisfyingcareer, without committing ypurself orleaving your present work.Without leaving your present position,and without charge, you can have thebenefit of a testing and orientation program, offered at times convenient to you.After completing the program you willknow whether you have the interests andabilities to succeed in this satisfying work.You also will have learned what life insurance work is like and whether youwould enjoy it.If you have the aptitude, if you likepeople, if you're willing to work hard, ifyou have initiative, stability and determination, maybe this is for you. If you join us you'll be paid a salary, plus production bonuses, for your first threeyears. Our leading 100 men averaged over$24,000 last year. Our leading 300 menaveraged over $14,000.If you'd like a business of your own,with real opportunity to grow, writeHorace R. Smith, Assistant Agency VicePresident. Our General Agent near youwill get in touch with you to make anappointment to discuss your enrollment.Connecticut Mutual LifeINSURANCE COMPANY • HARTFORDlemo?«aNo fact-filled freaksAmong Chicago graduates of the 30'sand 40's are alumni worried about recentchanges in the College curriculum. Theirsuspicions were sparked by headlines;smolder from lack of convincing offsettingevidence; are fed by succeeding headlineswhich seem subtly to support these suspicions.Edward Levine's letter in last month'sMemo Pad said "... some of us considerthis [notorious succession of basketball victories] to be symptomatic . . .". David andAnn Broder took Simpson's printed statement in the November Magazine (thatthere were no bitter divisions on campus)to indicate that the excitement of education had disappeared from Chicago. (January Memo Pad)In addition to the five-page Simpsoninterview in the November issue, thiscolumn in January invited you to write fora copy of the new College Announcementswhich described purposes and programs.More than one hundred did.We have conscientiously answered honestly all correspondence on the subject-enclosing additional descriptive material.Invariably the letter or~-material was returned with a phrase circled on which thecorrespondent based his continuing suspicions.How, then, can we place before you thetruth, the whole truth and nothing but—from which you can draw informed conclusions? John Barden, in his letter toAlan Simpson, provided one answer: talkpersonally with the Dean. John had written(November Memo Pad): "The substanceand grace of your remarks impressed me.It would be much too strong, either way,to say that I came to scoff and remainedto worship ... I know now that the bestand highest of the University's traditionsare persisting."If you could meet the Dean and raiseyour questions it would be better thanheadlines, printed reports, or letters replying to letters. Obviously the Dean can't meet all ofyou. But on the Spring Reunion Weekend,June 10-11, Dean Simpson will tell thestory and answer your questions in aspecial program; Meanwhile, we havebeen presenting him in the larger centersof alumni concentration; most recently inNew York City on February 25th, andWashington, D. C. on the 26th. Over ahundred graduates in each city came tolisten and question.SAID SIMPSON (and here we go againwith the treacherous printed word!):A liberal education is a matter of knowledge, skills and standards.Knowledge. There is no reason to envythe fact-filled freak who excels in quizshows. A single patch of knowledge, tilledwith care and imagination, can developmost of the instincts which we associatewith the educated man. But if we areframing a curriculum, there is much to besaid for a middle ground between theextremes of table d'hote and a la carte.The old doctrine that we ought to knowa little about everything and a lot aboutsomething is a sensible one. And the littleabout everything ought not to be left tothe culinary arts of specialists who areplanning menus for graduate students. Itought to be provided by people who arecatering to the needs of future citizens.Skills. The basic skill is simply thetraining of the mind in the capacity tothink clearly. This has always been thebusiness of education but the way it isdone varies enormously.Marshalling the notes of a lecture isone experience; the opportunity to arguewith the lecturer is another. Thinkingwithin an accepted tradition is one thing;to challenge the tradition itself is another.The best results are achieved when theideal of the examined life is held firmlybefore the mind; and when the examination is conducted with the zest, rigorand freedom which really stretches everyone's capacities. Whatever the uses of thelarge lecture, it takes a small discussionclass, led by older, shrewder heads thanthose of graduate assistants, to developthese talents.Self - expression. The arts of self-expression, which are another mark of theeducated man, can benefit from thesesessions, but only if they are cultivated fortheir own sake. The biggest deficiency ofConcluded on page 32 y 5733 University AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisMidway 3-0800; Extension 3244EDITOR..,, Marjorie BurkhardtFEATURES6 Notes from the Emeriti — II7 The Alumnus/a, a Special ReportDEPARTMENTSI... — ...Memo Pad2 News of the Quadrangles25 ¦: Class News33...- MemorialsCOVEROrnamentation from the Reynolds Club facade.Photographed by Anne Plettinger, a memberof the physical sciences staff. Miss Plettinger'shobby is photography of architecture andornament, and she has an extensive collectionof photos of U of C decoration.PHOTO CREDITSCover: Anne Plettinger; 2: Lee Balterman;4: Gerald S. Adler; 5: U S. Navy; 7: LeeBalterman.The University of ChicagoALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPRESIDENT John F. Dille, Jr.EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Howard W. MortADMINISTRATIVE ASST. ...Ruth G. HalloranPROGRAMMING Lucy Tye VandenburghALUMNI FOUNDATIONDirector John A. PondChicago-Midwest Area Florence MedowREGIONAL OFFICESEastern Region W. Ronald SimsRoom 22, 31 E. 39th StreetNew York 16, N. Y.MUrray Hill 3-1518Western Region ..Mary LeemanRoom 318, 717 Market St.San Francisco 3, Calif.EXbrook 2-0925Los Angeles Branch Mrs. Marie Stephens1195 Charles St., Pasadena 3After 3 P.M.— SYcamore 3-4545MEMBERSHIP RATES (Including Magazine)I year, $5.00; 3 years, $12.00Published monthly, October through June, by theUniversity of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annualsubscription price, $5.00. Single copies, 25 cents.Entered as second class matter December I, 1934,at the Post Office of Chicago, Illinois, under theact of March 3. 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, 22 Washington Square. NewYork, N. Y.APRIL, 1960 1'; NEWS ONew chairman of AstronomyWilliam Wilson Morgan ot the University of Chicago has been namedchairman of the joint department ofastronomy of the University of Chicagoand the University of Texas. The twouniversities have cooperated since 1932on research in astronomy and last vearcreated a joint department of astronomyto serve both institutions.Professor Morgan, will take chargeof Yerkes Observatorv, operated by theUniversity of Chicago at Williams Bav,Wisconsin, and of McDonald Observatory at Mount Locke in the DavisMountains of Texas owned by the University of Texas. He succeeds GerardP. Kuiper who had been chairman anddirector of the two observatories since1957. Mr. Kuiper will continue to serveas a professor of astronomy in the jointdepartment until September, 1960 whenhe plans to join the faculty of the University of Arizona.Professor Morgan discovered thethree spiral arms of the Milky Way. Hisoriginal announcement of the discoveryof two arms was made in 1951 at theCleveland Meeting of the AmericanAstronomical Society. It was greeted bvan unprecedented ovation. "Clearly, hehad in the course of a 15-minute paperpresented so convincing an array ofarguments that the audience of scientists for once threw caution to the windand gave Morgan the recognition whichhe so fully deserved," reported famedastronomer Otto Struve, now directorof the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, West Virginia.In 1953, Professor Morgan announced the discovery of the third arm whichhe and cooperating University of Wisconsin scientists found in working atthe Yerkes Observatorv. Since thenastronomers have discovered more distant spiral arms through the use of theradio telescope.As a result of all these discoveries,Morgan was given this picture of ourgalaxy:"At the center of the galaxy is abrilliant region, some 20,000 light-years in diameter, filled with hydrogen gas in a high state of turbulence.About 15,000 light-vears out from thecenter lies the first spiral arm. Thereis a second arm about 21,000 light-vears out, and the third, in which thesun (around which the earth rotates)is located, is about 27,000 light-vearsfrom the center. Bevond that, some35,000 light-vears out, lies a greatspiral arm approximately circular inshape. Still farther out is a faint,highly-inclined arm at a distance ofthe order of 40,000 light-vears fromthe center, This is probably the outermost arm of our galactic system."In recent vears, Professor Morganprovided the first evidence that galaxiesin the universe varv in maturity. Bv analyzing the light that galaxies emit, heidentified galaxies in both early andlate stages of development. His observation on cosmic age were made with spectroscopes mounted on telescopes at boththe McDonald Observatorv and at theUniversity of California's Lick Observatory. The spectroscopes recorded onphotographic film the color spectrum ofthe total light of the millions of stars of which each galaxv was composed.Professor Morgan, who was born atBethesda, Tennessee on January 3,1906, received his bachelor of sciencedegree in 1927 and his Ph.D. degreein 1931 from the University of Chicago.Also announced were the appointments of Associate Professor FrankNorman Edmonds, jr., as associate director of McDonald Observatorv andAssociate Professor Joseph WyanChamberlain as associate director ofYerkes Observatorv.Sloan FellowshipsTwo University of Chicago facultymembers, Eldon Dver, associate professor of mathematics, and Nien-chuYang, assistant professor of chemistry,are in a group of 30 new Sloan Research Fellows named throughout thenation. The new appointments bring toseven the Sloan research fellows at theUniversity of Chicago.Since the inception of the Programin 1955, the Sloan Foundation has provided unencumbered research funds for181 scientists in 55 universities, mostof which are in the United States, at atotal cost approximating $4,500,000.In connection with the grants AlfredP. Sloan, Jr., President of the Foundation, said: "The Foundation's Programfor Basic Research in the Physical Sciences is based on the philosophy thatmore new scientific ideas per dollarspent can be obtained by supporting'creative people' rather than by supporting 'research projects'. The uniquefeature of our program is that the scholars selected are free to choose the scientific problems which thev wish to2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE4 Ornament on top of Harper TowersUADRANGLESinvestigate, and they are also free tochange or modify their researches. Webelieve that anyone engaged in basicresearch needs such freedom becausecreative thinking cannot be charted inadvance or put on a schedule."The Judiciary legislatesLord Denning, Lord of Appeals inOrdinary, gave the Ernst Freund Lecture at the new University of ChicagoLaw School Center this March first.Lord Denning, who participates in hearing appeals to the House of Lords, thesupreme court of appeal for the UnitedKingdom, has a reputation for the vigor,clarity and humor of his judgments. Hespoke on the topic, "The Judiciary inModern Democracy."In his address, he said that Americanjudges can "hardly escape being thecenter of a whirlpool" because of thenature of the federal courts' role in interpreting the written Constitution.While "the English rule keeps the judgesout of the area of political controversy,"Lord Denning said that Americanjudges not only act on the constitutionality of legislative actions, but also "aremore ready to review executive actionthan are the judges of England."Lord Denning said that in Englandit is agreed that the law should bechanged on occasion, but not by thejudges, only by the legislature."In this country, the judges of theSupreme Court can and do disregardprevious precedents if they considerthem to be wrongly decided. The instance which strikes an outside observermost is the way in which in 1937 theyupheld the New Deal legislation which two years before they had struck down.The previous decisions put shacklesround the feet of this great country sothat it could only hobble along. It wasimpossible for the legislatures to passlaws which they felt to be necessary tomeet the urgent needs of the time. Thejudges therefore threw over completelythe doctrine of precedent."Lord Denning noted that "in 1897the Supreme Court interpreted the Constitution as guaranteeing to coloredchildren an education which was ofequal standard to white children butwas to be given in schools separatelyfrom them (separate but equal): andthen in 1954 it interpreted the self -sameconstitution as guaranteeing completeequality in every respect, including theright for colored children to be educated in the same schools as white children ( integrated ) ."It does appear that the judges havechanged the law. It is not for a friendto say they are wrong. Far from it. Butnevertheless their decision — let it befaced— was more legislative than judicial."The judges interpret the Constitution: and in the interpretation of it theyhave to make decisions of policy whichare essentially legislative in character.True it is that they do not change theConstitution itself. But the constitutionis, I believe, only a framework of governmental powers and individual rights.It is the bare bones of the body politic.It is the decision of the courts, and especially of the Supreme Court whichfill it out with flesh and blood: and infilling it out, the judges cannot escapethe responsibility of making law.""The old separation between the leg islative, executive and judicial powerwhich . . . was put into practice in thegreat Constitution of the United Statesis not a good form of government inmodern democracy unless it is realizedby all concerned that these three greatlimbs of the state are not rivals forpower but partners whose duty it is tocooperate one with the other for thegood of the people at large, remembering always that their greatest good liesin the maintenance and protection offundamental human rights."AAAS appointmentProfessor Thomas Park is the president-elect of the American Associationfor the Advancement of Science. Anauthority on population ecology, hetook office this month, succeeding Dr.Chauncey D. Leake.Mr. Park, who fishes in the sea as ahobby and relaxes by painting in oils,is a professor of zoology at the University. Working with animals, insects andstatistics, he has been investigatingbasic scientific problems of populationsince he was an undergraduate at theUniversity. He earned his bachelor ofscience degree in 1930 and his Ph.D.iii 1932, both here.Mr. Park describes his main field ofinterest "population ecology— the quantitative, experimental analysis of thoseenvironmental factors which affect andcontrol, population numbers." Usinginsects such as the flour beetle, he hasinvestigated such subjects as birthratesand deathrates, population crowding,and competition and its affect on population numbers.In 1954, he reported to the AAASAPRIL, 1960 3Poet-critic John Crowe Ransom reads from his verse.Seated at far right: R. S. Crane.the results of extensive laboratory experiments with two species of flourbeetles. When the two species werekept together, one always persistedwhile the other became extinct, he said.He ascribed the extinction to competition between species and suggestedthat the finding had some general applicability to events in nature.Gentleman in riustcoatPoet and critic John Crowe Ransomcame to the University Monday evening February 29, as the third guestin the recently inaugurated series of informal discussions, "Your Life andMine." After coffee in the East Loungeof Ida Noyes Hall, about 100 studentsheard Mr. Ransom. Now in residenceat Northwestern University, he was introduced bv Professor Ronald S. Craneas "a man with great humanity andkindness toward human beings with aconcern toward homely things.'In response to a question about theproblems a teacher of poetry faces today, he replied that poets and teachersof his generation stand for a formalityin poetry that the modern generationdoes not feel. "Poetry changes fromperiod to period; every age needs itsown. But it's not as simple as that.Poetry is a respected art, but bv nomeans an art with which the generalpublic is familiar. We have universitieswith wise teachers who can communicate what's in the old books, and whowrite articles to add to the books. Butthe world today has gotten a little awav from the professor of English. Timeschange, that is to be expected. I amglad that mv way of life has not beenin the least upset, although it is not acommon way of life."When asked of the relation of thewriting of poetry to critical studies, Mr.Ransom said that a poet must first be acritic of his own work, and that to be acritic of other poets in no way affectsone's own writing of poetry. "Writingpoetrv involves self-criticism. There isno break between this and the task ofthinking of many standards of poetrvand making comparisons. The world isso full of questions not vet answeredthat need to be asked . . . about literature, the age, the reception of the work.I have alwavs noticed how much harderit is to write an essay about a poemthan it is to write a poem. I can't seehow there could be a bad influence ofone upon the other. There has been nointerference for me or for mv friends.""Poetrv as an art is declining," thepoet said. "It takes a proper audienceto make a reader feel successful. Thisis an elite group in that respect."Twenty-one miles upDuring the last week of January, ateam of sailors and scientists on boardthe U.S.S. Valley Forge at sea in theCaribbean attempted to 'hook a packageto the sky.' In the economical languageof science, their project was called "Operation Skyhook 60." Their aim was tosuspend a pack of 500 sheets of specialfilm measuring two feet by one and one-half feet and as much as seven inches thick at the upper limits of theatmosphere for the longest possibletime. On that film they hoped to capture a record in three dimensions of thecosmic ray events bevond the earth'satmosphere.To carry aloft this package weighing800 pounds at a time when weatherconditions were most favorable, andhold it in a chosen area for many hours,the scientists forsook the modern wonders of missiles and satellites for anolder technique: ballooning. However,the skyhook balloons had little in common with the gavly colored balloons inwhich the Victorians used to float aboutthe countryside on Sunday afternoons.A Skyhook balloon is nearly as tallas a fiftv-storv skyscraper, and inflatedit extends more than 300 feet in diameter. It is made of ten miles of polyethylene sheeting one thousandth of aninch thick; extended, it is half as longas the Valley Forge, itself. The launching procedure takes three hours, thecarrier compensating by changes inspeed and direction for every breathof wind that might tug the balloon outof control.Once aloft, the balloon has just begun to present problems for the scientists. Weather conditions in the nearvacuum at 100,000 - 120,000 feet are"something we were totally unpreparedfor ... It was amazing." From hisSkvhook quarters in San Juan, professor of meteorology at the University ofChicago, Herbert Riehl, was gettingman's first good look at weather in theupper atmosphere. In this subzero cold4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhe found that wind velocities racetoward 150 miles an hour, then quicklydrop to nothing. Cyclonic patternsemerge. Shear lines— sharp lines of demarcation between winds moving indifferent directions— appear.Once successfully flown, the pay-load0f scientific material must be recovered.The load is dropped from the balloonby parachute. It must land in an areawhere it can be located and recovered.The scientist in charge of this modern-day adventure in ballooning was University of Chicago physics professorMarcel Schein. Long interested in cosmic rays as a key to the mysteries of theatomic nucleus, Mr. Schein had spentmonths organizing Operation Skyhook.From the decision to place the experiment in the Caribbean near themagnetic equator (the magnetic linesof force act as a shield, permitting onlythe strongest cosmic rays to get throughto register on the film), to the construction of the gondolas in the basementmachine shops of the Fermi Institute,everything had fallen into place asplanned— except for one critical detail.The French were planning the Sahara Desert test of their first atomicbomb. An atomic explosion at the samegeneral latitude and altitude of thecosmic-ray project would endanger theexperiment. On December 18, Mr.Schein had written Francis Perrin, HighCommissioner of Atomic Energy forFrance, "There would be no end to thecomplications if our plates should bebadlv fogged by atomic radiations."January 18, and still no word fromFrance. Mr. Schein sent a personal telegram to M. Perrin from a dockside payphone just before boarding the ValleyForge. ^It wasn't until January 20, six daysbefore launching the first balloon, thathe heard from Perrin. A few days laterhe received definite assurance of nointerference before February 5.Mr. Schein, and his assistant DavidM. Haskin, had prepared two gondolas.The first launching, "Skyhook Bravo,"caught in an unpredictable wind of theup] "m- atmosphere, was cut down afteronly five hours. The second gondolaappeared to be launching beautifullyinto perfect weather when the impossible happened. The balloon tore freeof its load.The project was left with the resultsof a re-flying of the first gondola. Theseplates it returned to the specially designed darkroom in Ryerson Hall oncampus for developing.As scientists attacked the two-yearproject of reading the thousand platesresisting from the project, and plansweie being made for another attempt atlaunching the remaining gondola, newscame of the death of Marcel Schein.APRIL, 1960NOTES FROMTHE EMERITI- IIActivities and reflections in the years sinceretirement— listing the year of retirementand department in which served. 50; University of California at Los Angeles,1950-51; Southern Illinois University, 1951and 1953-54; University of Kansas, 1954-56. Director and author, Pilot Study ofSouthern Illinois, 1951-52; chairman, Section I, "Completing Demands for the Useof Land," Mid-Century Conference on Resources for the Future, December, 1953.Director, The Kansas Basin: Pilot Studyof a Watershed, 1955-56. University Professor in Charge of Mississippi ValleyInvestigations, Southern Illinois University,1957. Will represent the Geographic Society of Chicago and Southern IllinoisUniversity at the International GeographicCongress in Stockholm, Sweden in August,1960. cology, Food and Drug Administration,in Washington, D.C. Honorary DSc fromSt. John's University in Brooklyn, November, 1958.Aichibald L. Hoyne, "not quite retired"—Pediatrics. After "promotion" to emeritusat U. of C, I joined the faculty of ChicagoMedical School as Professor of Pediatricsand am still teaching there. I also continue to be chairman of the Departmentof Contagious Diseases at Cook CountyHospital, a position I have occupied formore than 40 years. I am a pediatric consultant at Children's Memorial, St. Joseph,St. Mary of Nazareth and St. Vincent'sInfant Hospitals. I do not have officehours. Any practice is limited to consultations in acute infectious diseases.William A. Irwin, 1950— Divinity, OrientalDepartment. Taught from 1950-55 at thePerkins School of Theology, SouthernMethodist University in Dallas; then oneyear in McMurry College in Abilene; somesporadic teaching since. Since 1950, engrossed in two projects for the Universityof Chicago Press; revision of the Old Testament translation of The Complete Bible,and annotation for the same. Other projects of my own engage me, and thesestill beckon, with occupation for years tocome if complete senility does not overtake me! Reflections on these years?Browning said it all many years ago.Wolfgang Liepe, 1954 — Germanic Languages and Literature. After becomingemeritus of the U. of C, I accepted theprofessorship of German literature at theUniversity of Kiel, Germany, which I hadheld before 1933. At the same time, Icontinued working on a research projecton Friedrich Hebbel and published a seriesof essays on the subject. I am now enjoying the status of a professor emeritus oftwo universities: Chicago and Kiel.Mr. Liepe continues to live in Kiel.Mayme I. Logsdon, 1946— Mathematics.I think that I am about to set a recordfor post-retirement activity. I taught fulltime at the University of Miami, Florida,for several years then continued on halftime. Although I have now passed my 79thbirthday, I am well and hearty and havesigned up for the year 1960-61. It is asmuch fun to teach now as it was duringmy almost thirty years in the mathematicsdepartment at the University of Chicago.Ernest W. Burgess, 1951— Sociology. Taughtat University of Michigan Summer, 1952; aseminar at Northwestern University in theSpring; acting director of the Family StudyCenter (U. of C); consultant on agingand retirement for the Industrial RelationsCenter (U. of C.) since 1952; editor of"Aging in Western Societies," 1952. Amchairman of the American section of theSocial Science Research Committee of theInternational Association of Gerontology.Gladys Campbell, 1957— College, Humanities. In 1957-8, I taught and helped withthe organization of a humanities courseal Virginia Union University, Richmond,Virginia, with a John Hay Whitney Award.In 1958-9, with some aid from the WhitneyFoundation I helped get out a Humanities Handbook for VUU, and also taughtone semester at their invitation and expense. I am at present covering a shortage with two-thirds time at my old jobin the College of the University of Chicago.Paul R. Cannon, 1957— Pathology. Havecontinued as chief editor of the AmericanMedical Association Archives of Pathology;am also chairman of the newly-establishedToxicology Study Section of the NationalInstitutes of Health. Am continuing as amember of the Food Protection Committeeand Carcinogenesis Committee of the National Research Council, dealing withproblems of chemical additives in foodVetc. In short, retirement has been inter- \esting, with plenty of activities and nocomplaints!Charles C. Colby, 1949-Geography. Visiting professor, University of Illinois, 1949- R. S. Crane, 1951-English. Visiting Professor at Toronto (1952), Cornell (1952-3,1957), Carleton College (1953), Oregon(1954), Stanford (1954-5), Indiana(1955-6), Florida (1958), Northwestern(1959). Also special courses at Chicago,in Philosophy (1956), Humanities (1960).Alexander Lectures, Toronto (1952; published 1953); Distinguished ProfessorsLectures, Notre Dame (1957); Taft Lectures, Cincinnati (1958). Also public lectures at Oxford (1959) and Trinity College, Dublin (1959).George F. Dick, 1946— Medicine. Dr. Dickreturned his card without specific comment. He lives in Palo Alto, California.Fred Eastman, 1952— Theological Seminary.Articles in Christian Century "Our OnlySure Defense" and "Upgrading HomeTown Movies;" in United Church Herald:"The Use of Drama in Your Church."Projects in geriatrics: Founded the MotionPicture Council of Claremont ( California ) ,which helps to secure the best availablemovies and public support for them. Havehad six years of steady growth in this.Founded the drama reading groups ofPilgrim Place, a Christian community forretirement, where I reside in Claremont.Eugene M. K. Geiling, 1957-Pharmacol-ogy. Visiting professor of pharmacology atUniversity of Minnesota (May, 1957), atUniversity of Michigan (May, 1958), andat University of Rochester (September,1958-60). Visiting lecturer at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, November,1958-July, 1959. Head of Pharmacodynamic Branch of the Division of Pharma-6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMONUMENTS ,,f unaging intellect? Thecampus boasts many classgifts such as this one singled out for illustration: others includethe "C" bench, a stone drinking fountain, bulletin boards,stained glass windows, ivy plantings, and also scholarshipand loan funds. Are these the hail and farewell of a class?The idea of alumni is a distinctly Americanconcept. It is entirely unknown to Continentaluniversities, and even in the British universities,there is very little to suggest the kind and degreeof interest Americans have shown in their alma maters.Yale University probably was the first to keep recordsof class organizations; they date back to 1792. However, local alumni clubs were slow in developing, infact the first Yale clubs did not appear until 1854.By the 1820's though, class organizations were common in most Eastern schools and the idea was spreading to the newer colleges of the Middle West.Perhaps because it is realized that philanthropy,too, is rather distinctly an American phenomenon( Americans are reported to have given 7.8 billion dollars to charity last year), it has been darkly suggestedthat organization of alumni groups has coincided withorganization of alumni fund campaigns. Not true!To dispense with this Ghost of Christmas Past whichhas haunted many a fund director, let's consider thehistory of our own Association as a case in point.It is typical.According to the postal registration declared inthe masthead, the magazine first appeared in 1879.As the University first opened its doors on the southside campus in 1892, this publication date refers backto the old University of Chicago. We have boundcopies of the magazine regularly since 1907. However, it was not until the twenties that the first full-time professional director of the Alumni Associationwas hired. Many alumni will fondly remember Charlton Beck. Thev will associate him, however, not with7fund drives, but local alumni meetings, reunions, andthat sparkplug of alumni activity, football games. Theonly solicitation done during all this time was anannual scholarship drive which usually netted about$1,000.In 1910, John D. Rockefeller gave the last tenmillion of his total 35 million dollar gift to the University. By 1938, Chicago, like other universities, wasbeginning to realize its endowment alone could notcarry it. At the suggestion of a group of alumni onthe board of trustees, plans were initiated for thefirst alumni fund drive. This was to be the campaignof 1941. The Alumni Foundation was organized —then, as now, separate from the Association — andtrustee Herbert Zimmermann, '01, was appointed itsfirst chairman.Since 1941, fifty percent of the alumni have, atone time or another, given to the University. Lastyear's gifts totalled a record figure of approximately$1,335,000. The record was, as one long-time Foundation board member pointed out, the result not of oneyear's successful campaign, but the culmination of 17years of effort on the part of the Foundation and thealumni who have served during those years on its37-man board.Just as the early class organization of alumniindicated their desire to maintain the friendships they had found on campus, it also indicatedthey wanted to keep in touch with the Universityitself. Through the magazine they wanted to receive the "news of the quadrangles." They planned onhomecomings and reunions, and in their local clubsthey looked forward to the visits of representatives ofthe University: faculty members, administrators, perhaps Howard Mort to give one of his chalk talks.In the years since the twenties, however, alumnihave come to expect new kinds of programs. Withthe loss of the old emphasis on the "big game" as acenter of activities, and the tremendous growth thathas taken place in all fields of learning in recent years,alumni programs have more and more reflected theintellectual life of the campus.Alumni returning to campus for reunion this springwill find a four-day program planned for them fromwhich they can choose such activities as an all-daytour of the AEC's Argonne National Laboratory inLemont, Illinois. Argonne, generally not open togroups of laymen, is run by the University. Two othertours are old favorites on the reunion program: openhouse at the Institutes for Basic Research, and a bustour of the neighborhood.Other features of the June Alumni School will include music and art, demonstrations in medical progress, programs on the origin of meteorites, cosmicrays and high energy astrophysics, computer research,Walter Johnson discussing what it takes to be a successful President, and a symposium on Russia by fourexperts who have seen and studied modern Russia.This "cultural side of reunion" is what more andmore alumni find makes their spring trip to the Midway seriously worth taking.Her name tag says, "Iwas there 35 years ago.Her greeting: "Betty,I'd have known youanywhere!" Alumni, continuing theireducation, crowd theArt Institute to see aspecial showing of thePicasso exhibit.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHEALUMN us AALAN BEABDEN, JON BKENNEISAs student, asalumna or alumnus: atboth stages, oneof the most important personsin higher education.a special reporta Salute . .and adeclaration ofdependence This is A salute, an acknowledgment of a partnership, and a declaration of dependence. It is directedto you as an alumnus or alumna. As such, you areone of the most important persons in American educationtoday.You are important to American education, and to youralma mater, for a variety of reasons, not all of which maybe instantly apparent to you.You are important, first, because you are the principalproduct of your alma mater — the principal claim she canmake to fame. To a degree that few suspect, it is by itsalumni that an educational institution is judged. And fewyardsticks could more accurately measure an institution'strue worth.You are important to American education, further,because of the support you give to it. Financial supportcomes immediately to mind: the money that alumni aregiving to the schools, colleges, and universities they once*** , .^^H»^srT^^Zst^R^Vk>WW' ^B Serf ¦ *£¦*** 1attended has reached an impressive sum, larger than thatreceived from any other source of gifts. It is indispensable.But the support you give in other forms is impressiveand indispensable, also. Alumni push and guide the legislative programs that strengthen the nation's publiclysupported educational institutions. They frequently actas academic talent scouts for their alma maters, meetingand talking with the college-bound high school studentsin their communities. They are among the staunchest defenders of high principles in education — e.g., academicfreedom — even when such defense may not be the "popular" posture. The list is long; yet every year alumni arefinding ways to extend it.To the hundreds of colleges and universities andsecondary schools from which they came, alumniare important in another way — one that has nothingto do with what alumni can do for the institutions them selves. Unlike most other forms of human enterprise,educational institutions are not in business for what theythemselves can get out of it. They exist so that free people,through education, can keep civilization on the forwardmove. Those who ultimately do this are their alumni.Thus only through its alumni can a school or a collegeor a university truly fulfill itself.Chancellor Samuel B. Gould, of the University of California, put it this way:"The serious truth of the matter is that you are thedistilled essence of the university, for you are its productand the basis for its reputation. If anything lasting is tobe achieved by us as a community of scholars, it must inmost instances be reflected in you. If we are to win intellectual victories or make cultural advances, it must bethrough your good offices and your belief in our mission."The italics are ours. The mission is yours and ourstogether.Alma Mater . . .At an alumni-alumnae meeting in Washington,members sing the old school song.The purpose of this meeting was to introducethe institution to high schoolboys and girls who, with their parents,were present as the club's guests.•ALUMN usaAlumnus + alumnusMany people cling to the odd notion that in this caThe popular view of you, an alumnus or alumna,is a puzzling thing. That the view is highly illogicalseems only to add to its popularity. That its elements are highly contradictory seems to bother no one.Here is the paradox:Individually you, being an alumnus or alumna, areamong the most respected and sought-after of beings.People expect of you (and usually get) leadership or intelligent followership. They appoint you to positions oftrust in business and government and stake the nation'svery survival on your school- and college-developedabilities.If you enter politics, your educational pedigree is freelydiscussed and frequently boasted about, even in precinctswhere candidates once took pains to conceal any education beyond the sixth grade. In clubs, parent-teacherassociations, churches, labor unions, you are consideredto be the brains, the backbone, the eyes, the ears, and theneckbone— the latter to be stuck out, for alumni are expected to be intellectually adventurous as well as to exercise other attributes.But put you in an alumni club, or back on campus for areunion or homecoming, and the popular respect — yea,awe— turn^to chuckles and ho-ho-ho. The esteemed individual, when bunched with other esteemed individuals,becomes in the popular image the subject of quips, a candidate for the funny papers. He is now imagined to be aperson whose interests stray no farther than the degree ofbaldness achieved by his classmates, or the success inmarriage and child-bearing achieved by her classmates, orthe record run up last season by the alma mater's footballor field-hockey team. He is addicted to funny hats decorated with his class numerals, she to daisy chainmakingand to recapturing the elusive delights of the junior-classhoop-roll.If he should encounter his old professor of physics, he issupposedly careful to confine the conversation to reminiscences about the time Joe or Jane Wilkins, with spectacular results, tried to disprove the validity of Newton'sthird law. To ask the old gentleman about the implications of the latest research concerning anti-matter wouldbe, it is supposed, a most serious breach of the AlumniReunion Code.Such a view of organized alumni activity might be dismissed as unworthy of note, but for one disturbing fact:among its most earnest adherents are a surprising numberof alumni and alumnae themselves. Permit us to lay the distorted image to rest, with the aidof the rites conducted by cartoonist Mark Kelley on thefollowing pages. To do so will not necessitate burying theclass banner or interring the reunion hat, nor is there aneed to disband the homecoming day parade.The simple truth is that the serious activities of organ*ized alumni far outweigh the frivolities~-in about thesame proportion as the average citizen's, or unorganizedalumnus's, party-going activities are outweighed by hisless festive pursuits.Look, for example, at the activities of the organizedalumni of a large and famous state university in the Midwest. The former students of this university are oftenpictured as football-mad. And there is no denying that, tomany of them, there is no more pleasant way of spendingan autumn Saturday than witnessing a victory by thehome team.But by far the great bulk of alumni energy on behalf ofthe old school is invested elsewhere:? Every year the alumni association sponsors a recognition dinner to honor outstanding students — those witha scholastic average of 3.5 (B+) or better. This has provedto be a most effective way of showing students that academic prowess is valued above all else by the institutionand its alumni.? Every year the alumni give five "distinguished teaching awards" — grants of $1,000 each to professors selectedby their peers for outstanding performance in the classroom.? An advisory board of alumni prominent in variousfields meets regularly to consider the problems of theuniversity: the quality of the course offerings, the caliberof the students, and a variety of other matters. They report directly to the university president, in confidence.Their work has been salutary. When the university'sschool of architecture lost its accreditation, for example,the efforts of the alumni advisers were invaluable in getting to the root of the trouble and recommending measures by which accreditation could be regained.? The efforts of alumni have resulted in the passage ofurgently needed, but politically endangered, appropriations by the state legislature.? Some 3,000 of the university's alumni act each year asvolunteer alumni-fund solicitors, making contacts with30,000 of the university's former students.Nor is this a particularly unusual list of alumni accomplishments. The work and thought expended by the alum-dumni-or does it?ie group somehow differs from the sum of its partsBehind the fun KT.LIOTT EHWITT, MAGNUMof organized alumni activity — in clubs, at reunions lies new seriousnessnowadays, and a substantial record of service to American education.ni of hundreds of schools, colleges, and universities inbehalf of their alma maters would make a glowing record,if ever it could be compiled. The alumni of one institutiontook it upon themselves to survey the federal income-taxlaws, as they affected parents' ability to finance theirchildren's education, and then, in a nationwide campaign,pressed for needed reforms. In a score of cities, thealumnae of a women's college annually sell tens of thousands of tulip bulbs for their alma mater's benefit; ineight years they have raised $80,000, not to mentionhundreds of thousands of tulips. Other institutions' alumnae stage house and garden tours, organize used-booksales, sell flocked Christmas trees, sponsor theatricalbenefits. Name a worthwhile activity and someone isprobably doing it, for faculty salaries or building funds orstudent scholarships.Drop in on a reunion or a local alumni-club meeting,and you may well find that the superficial programs of yore have been replaced by seminars, lectures, laboratorydemonstrations, and even week-long short-courses. Visitthe local high school during the season when the seniorstudents are applying for admission to college— and trying to find their way through dozens of college catalogues,each describing a campus paradise— and you will findalumni on hand to help the student counselors. Nor arethey high-pressure salesmen for their own alma mater anddisparagers of everybody else's. Often they can, and do,perform their highest service to prospective students byadvising them to apply somewhere else.The achievements, in short, belie the popular image.And if no one else realizes this, or cares, one groupshould: the alumni and alumnae themselves. Toomany of them may be shying away from a good thing because they think that being an "active" alumnus meanswearing a funny hat.PEA//! PS4// WMTSRMAVeUf Why they com?TC/#8UL£A/r YSEAf^iTO RECAPTURE YOUTH/ JUST W0P£tf *>Aave y**-*; "type °rTO DEVELOPNEW TERRITORY TO RENEWOLD ACQUAINTANCETO BRINGTHE WORDP&CK! The popular viview^%*///« ? oy CA<u/te /fa>/*f»fe ? 14/AJoli try fr MEM MALL, U<t?TO PLACE THE FACE•rtJxX e/at* Aauc K/se-n- a&airt yovt-acaJe-niic. sfaftU***, 8<JcAa/fg/^ / TO FIND MEM HALLMe sayS Ae's a, WAT gQOTHEJZTO IMPRESS THE OLD PROF//(P u/a+r**? Jo tfo S&*)t>Pt/i*i -fifhTO CONTRIBUTEMATERIALLY TO BE A "POOR LITTLE SHEEP" AGAINMoney ! Last year, educational institutionfrom any other source of gifts. Alumni supportWithout the dollars that their alumni contribute each year, America's privately supportededucational institutions would be in seriousdifficulty today. And the same would be true of the* nation's publicly supported institutions, without the support of alumni in legislatures and elections at whichappropriations or bond issues are at stake.For the private institutions, the financial support received from individual alumni often means the differencebetween an adequate or superior faculty and one that isunderpaid and understaffed; between a thriving scholarship program and virtually none at all; between well-equipped laboratories and obsolete, crowded ones. Fortax-supported institutions, which in growing numbers areturning to their alumni for direct financial support, suchaid makes it possible to give scholarships, grant loans toneedy students, build such buildings as student unions,and carry on research for which legislative appropriationsdo not provide.To gain an idea of the scope of the support whichalumni give — and of how much that is worthwhile inAmerican education depends upon it— consider this statistic, unearthed in a current survey of 1,144 schools,junior colleges, colleges, and universities in the UnitedStates and Canada: in just twelve months, alumni gavetheir alma maters more than $199 million. They were thelargest single source of gifts.Nor was this the kind of support that is given once, perhaps as the result of a high-pressure fund drive, and neverheard of again. Alumni tend to give funds regularly. Inthe past year, they contributed $45.5 million, on an annualgift basis, to the 1,144 institutions surveyed. To realizethat much annual income from investments in blue-chipstocks, the institutions would have needed over 1.2 billionmore dollars in endowment funds than they actuallypossessed.A nnual alumni giving is not a new phenomenon onl\ the American educational scene (Yale alumni-*¦ -^ founded the first annual college fund in 1890, andMount Hermon was the first independent secondaryschool to do so, in 1903). But not until fairly recently didannual giving become the main element in education'sfinancial survival kit. The development was logical. Bigendowments had been affected by inflation. Big privatephilanthropy, affected by the graduated income and in heritance taxes, was no longer able to do the job alone.Vet, with the growth of science and technology anddemocratic concepts of education, educational budgetshad to be increased to keep pace.Twenty years before Yale's first alumni drive, a professor in New Haven foresaw the possibilities and lookedinto the minds of alumni everywhere:"No graduate of the college," he said, "has ever paidin full what it cost the college to educate him. A part of theexpense was borne by the funds given by former benefactors of the institution."A great many can never pay the debt. A very few can,in their turn, become munificent benefactors. There is avery large number, however, between these two, who can,and would cheerfully, give according to their ability inorder that the college might hold the same relative position to future generations which it held to their own."The first Yale alumni drive, seventy years ago, broughtin $11,015. In 1959 alone, Yale's alumni gave more than$2 million. Not only at Yale, but at the hundreds of otherinstitutions which have established annual alumni fundsin the intervening years, the feeling of indebtedness andthe concern for future generations which the Yale professor foresaw have spurred alumni to greater and greaterefforts in this enterprise.and money from alumni is a powerful magnet: itl\ draws more. Not only have more than eighty busi--^ * ness corporations, led in 1954 by General Electric,established the happy custom of matching, dollar for dollar, the gifts that their employees (and sometimes theiremployees' wives) give to their alma maters; alumnigiving is also a measure applied by many business menand by philanthropic foundations in determining howproductive their organizations' gifts to an educational institution are likely to be. Thus alumni giving, as GordonK. Chalmers, the late president of Kenyon College, described it, is "the very rock on which all other giving mustrest. Gifts from outside the family depend largely — sometimes wholly — on the degree of alumni support."The "degree of alumni support" is gauged not by dollars alone. The percentage of alumni who are regulargivers is also a key. And here the record is not as dazzlingas the dollar figures imply. \Nationwide, only one in live alumni of colleges, universities, and prep schools gives to his annual alumnireived more of it from their alumni thanov? education's strongest financial rampartfund. The actual figure last year was 20.9 per cent. Allowing for the inevitable few who are disenchanted with theiralma maters' cause,* and for those who spurn all fundsolicitations, sometimes with heavy scorn, t and for thosewhom legitimate reasons prevent from giving financialaid,§ the participation figure is still low.WHY? Perhaps because the non-participants imagine their institutions to be adequately financed.(Virtually without exception, in both private andtax-supported institutions, this is — sadly — not so.) Perhaps because they believe their small gift — a dollar, orfive, or ten — will be insignificant. (Again, most emphatically, not so. Multiply the 5,223,240 alumni who gavenothing to their alma maters last year by as little as onedollar each, and the figure still comes to thousands ofadditional scholarships for deserving students or substantial pay increases for thousands of teachers who may,at this moment, be debating whether they can afford tocontinue teaching next year.)By raising the percentage of participation in alumnifund drives, alumni can materially improve their almamaters' standing. That dramatic increases in participationcan be brought about, and quickly, is demonstrated bythe case of Wofford College, a small institution in SouthCarolina. Until several years ago, Wofford receivedannual gifts from only 12 per cent of its 5,750 alumni.Then Roger Milliken, a textile manufacturer and a Wofford trustee, issued a challenge: for every percentage-point increase over 12 per cent, he'd give $1,000. After thealumni were finished, Mr. Milliken cheerfully turned overa check for $62,000. Wofford's alumni had raised theirparticipation in the annual fund to 74.4 per cent — a newnational record."It was a remarkable performance," observed theAmerican Alumni Council. "Its impact on Wofford willbe felt for many years to come."And what Wofford's alumni could do, your institution'salumni could probably do, too.* Wrote one alumnus: "I see that Stanford is making great progress. However, I am opposed to progress in any form. Therefore Iam not sending you any money."t A man in Memphis, Tennessee, regularly sent Baylor Universitya check signed "U. R. Stuck."§ In her fund reply envelope, a Kansas alumna once sent, withoutcomment, her household bills for the month. memo: iromfito WaivesHusbands? Women's colleges, as a group, have had a uniqueproblem in fund-raising — and they wish they knew howto solve it.The loyalty of their alumnae in contributing moneyeach year — an average of 41.2 per cent took part in 1959— is nearly double the national average for all universities, colleges, junior colleges, and privately supportedsecondary schools. But the size of the typical gift is oftensmaller than one might expect.Why? The alumnae say that while husbands obviouslyplace a high value on the products of the women's colleges, many underestimate the importance of giving women's colleges the same degree of support they accord theirown alma maters. This, some guess, is a holdover fromthe days when higher education for women was regardedas a luxury, while higher education for men was considered a sine qua non for business and professional careers.As a result, again considering the average, women'scolleges must continue to cover much of their operatingexpense from tuition fees. Such fees are generally higherthan those charged by men's or coeducational institutions,and the women's colleges are worried about the social andintellectual implications of this fact. They have no desireto be the province solely of children of the well-to-do;higher education for women is no longer a luxury to bereserved to those who can pay heavy fees.Since contributions to education appear to be one areaof family budgets still controlled largely by men, thealumnae hope that husbands will take serious note of thewomen's colleges' claim to a larger share of it. They maybe starting to do so: from 1958 to 1959, the average giftto women's colleges rose 22.4 per cent. But it still trailsthe average gift to men's colleges, private universities, andprofessional schools.ERICH HARTMANN, MAGNUMfor the public educational institutions,a special kind of servicePublicly supported educational institutions owe aspecial kind of debt to their alumni. Many peopleimagine that the public institutions have no financial worries, thanks to a steady flow of tax dollars. Yetthey actually lead a perilous fiscal existence, dependentupon annual or biennial appropriations by legislatures.More than once, state and municipally supported institutions would have found themselves in serious straits iftheir alumni had not assumed a role of leadership.? A state university in New England recently was put inacademic jeopardy because the legislature defeated a billto provide increased salaries for faculty members. Then the university's "Associate Alumni" took matters intotheir hands. They brought the facts of political and academic life to the attention of alumni throughout the state,prompting them to write to their representatives in support of higher faculty pay. A compromise bill was passed,and salary increases were granted. Alumni action thushelped ease a crisis which threatened to do serious, perhaps irreparable, damage to the university.? In a neighboring state, the public university receivesonly 38.3 per cent of its operating budget from state andfederal appropriations. Ninety-one per cent of the university's $17 million physical plant was provided by pri^The Beneficiaries:vate funds. Two years ago, graduates of its college ofmedicine gave $226,752 for a new medical center— thelargest amount given by the alumni of any Americanmedical school that year.? Several years ago the alumni of six state-supportedinstitutions in a midwestern state rallied support for a$150 million bond issue for higher education, mentalhealth, and welfare— an issue that required an amendment to the state constitution. Of four amendments onthe ballot, it was the only one to pass.? In another midwestern state, action by an "AlumniCouncil for Higher Education," representing eighteenpublicly supported institutions, has helped produce a $13million increase in operating funds for 1959-61— the mostsignificant increase ever voted for the state's system ofhigher education.s ome alumni organizations are forbidden to engagein political activity of any kind. The intent is a goodone: to keep the organizations out of party politics Students on a state-university campus. Alumni support is provinginvaluable in maintaining high-quality education at such institutions.and lobbying. But the effect is often to prohibit the alumnifrom conducting any organized legislative activity in behalf of publicly supported education in their states."This is unfair," said a state-university alumni spokesman recently, "because this kind of activity is neithershady nor unnecessary."But the restrictions — most of which I happen to thinkare nonsense — exist, nevertheless. Even so, individualalumni can make personal contacts with legislators intheir home towns, if not at the State Capitol. Above all,in their contacts with fellow citizens — with people whoinfluence public opinion — the alumni of state institutionsmust support their alma maters to an intense degree. Theymust make it their business to get straight informationand spread it through their circles of influence."Since the law forbids us to organize such support,every alumnus has to start this work, and continue it, onhis own. This isn't something that most people do naturally — but the education of their own sons and daughtersrests on their becoming aroused and doing it."sHgEFft 'II»ta matter of Principleany worthwhile institution of higher education,l\ one college president has said, lives "in chronicX * tension with the society that supports it." SaysThe Campus and the State, a 1 959 survey of academic freedom in which that president's words appear: "New ideasalways run the risk of offending entrenched interestswithin the community. If higher education is to be successful in its creative role it must be guaranteed some protection against reprisal. . ."The peril most frequently is budgetary: the threat ofappropriations cuts, if the unpopular ideas are not abandoned; the real or imagined threat of a loss of public —even alumni — sympathy.Probably the best protection against the danger ofreprisals against free institutions of learning is theiralumni: alumni who understand the meaning of freedomand give their strong and informed support to matters ofeducational principle. Sometimes such support is available in abundance and offered with intelligence. Sometimes — almost always because of misconception or failureto be vigilant — it is not.For example:? ^ Ah alumnus of one private college was a regular andheavy donor to the annual alumni fund. He was known tohave provided handsomely for his alma mater in his will.But when he questioned his grandson, a student at theold school, he learned that an economics professor notonly did not condemn, but actually discussed the necessityfor, the national debt. Grandfather threatened to withdrawall support unless the professor ceased uttering suchheresy or was fired. (The professor didn't and wasn't. Thecollege is not yet certain where it stands in the gentleman'swill)? When no students from a certain county managed tomeet the requirements for admission to a southwesternuniversity's medical school, the county's angry delegate tothe state legislature announced he was "out to get thisPy" — the vice president in charge of the university'smedical affairs, who had staunchly backed the medicalschool's admissions committee. The board of trustees ofthe university, virtually all of whom were alumni, joined°ther alumni and the local chapter of the American Association of University Professors to rally successfullyto the v.p.'s support.? When the president of a publicly supported institution recently said he would have to limit the number ofstudents admitted to next fall's freshman class if highacademic standards were not to be compromised, someconstituent-fearing legislators were wrathful. When theissue was explained to them, alumni backed the president's position — decisively.? When a number of institutions (joined in Decemberby President Eisenhower) opposed the "disclaimer affidavit" required of students seeking loans under the NationalDefense Education Act, many citizens—including somealumni— assailed them for their stand against "swearingallegiance to the United States." The fact is, the disclaimer affidavit is not an oath of allegiance to the UnitedStates (which the Education Act also requires, but whichthe colleges have not opposed). Fortunately, alumni whotook the trouble to find out what the affidavit really wasapparently outnumbered, by a substantial majority, thosewho leaped before they looked. Coincidentally or not,most of the institutions opposing the disclaimer affidavitreceived more money from their alumni during the controversy than ever before in their history.In the future, as in the past, educational institutionsworth their salt will be in the midst of controversy.Such is the nature of higher education: ideas are itsmerchandise, and ideas new and old are frequently controversial. An educational institution, indeed, may bedoing its job badly if it is not involved in controversy, attimes. If an alumnus never finds himself in disagreementwith his alma mater, he has a right to question whetherhis alma mater is intellectually awake or dozing.To understand this is to understand the meaning ofacademic freedom and vitality. And, with such an understanding, an alumnus is equipped to give his highest service to higher education; to give his support to the principles which make.higher education free and effectual.If higher education is to prosper, it will need this kindof support from its alumni — tomorrow even more than inits gloriously stormy pastare the merchandise of education, and every worthwhile educational institution must provide andkC3,S guard the conditions for breeding them. To do so, they need the help and vigilance of their alumni.Ahead:ROIM.ND READThe Art of keeping intellectually alive for a lifetimewill be fostered more than ever by agrowing alumni-alma mater relationship. Whither the course of the relationship betweenalumni and alma mater? At the turn into theSixties, it is evident that a new and challengingrelationship — of unprecedented value to both the institution and its alumni — is developing.? If alumni wish, their intellectual voyage can becontinued for a lifetime.There was a time when graduation was the end. Yougot your diploma, along with the right to place certaininitials after your name; your hand was clasped for aninstant by the president; and the institution's businesswas done.If you were to keep yourself intellectually awake, theNo-Doz would have to be self-administered. If you wereto renew your acquaintance with literature or science, theintroductions would have to be self-performed.Automotion is still the principal driving force. Theyears in school and college are designed to provide thepush and then the momentum to keep you going withyour mind. "Madam, we guarantee results," wrote a college president to an inquiring mother, "—or we returnthe boy." After graduation, the guarantee is yours tomaintain, alone.Alone, but not quite. It makes little sense, many educators say, for schools and colleges not to do whateverthey can to protect their investment in their students—which is considerable, in terms of time, talents, andmoney— and not to try to make the relationship betweenalumni and their alma maters a two-way flow.As a consequence of such thinking, and of demandsissuing from the former students themselves, alumnimeetings of all types— local clubs, campus reunions— aretaking on a new character. "There has to be a reason anda purpose for a meeting," notes an alumna. "Groups thatmeet for purely social reasons don't last long. Just because Mary went to my college doesn't mean I enjoybeing with her socially— but 1 might well enjoy workingwith her in a serious intellectual project." Male alumniagree; there is a limit to the congeniality that can be maintained solely by the thin thread of reminiscences or small-talk.But there is no limit, among people with whom theira new Challenge,a new relationshipeducation "stuck," to the revitalizing effects of learning.The chemistry professor who is in town for a chemists'conference and is invited to address the local chapter ofthe alumni association no longer feels he must talk aboutnothing more weighty than the beauty of the campuselms; his audience wants him to talk chemistry, and he isdelighted to oblige. The engineers who return to schoolfor their annual homecoming welcome the opportunity tobring themselves up to date on developments in and outof their specialty. Housewives back on the campus forreunions demand — and get— seminars and short-courses.But the wave of interest in enriching the intellectualcontent of alumni meetings may be only a beginning.With more leisure at their command, alumni will havethe time (as they already have the inclination) to undertake more intensive, regular educational programs.If alumni demand them, new concepts in adult education may emerge. Urban colleges and universities maystep up their offerings of programs designed especially forthe alumni in their communities — not only their ownalumni, but those of distant institutions. Unions andgovernment and industry, already experimenting withgraduate-education programs for their leaders, may findways of giving sabbatical leaves on a widespread basis—and they may profit, in hard dollars-and-cents terms, fromthe results of such intellectual re-charging.Colleges and universities, already overburdened withteaching as well as other duties, will need help if suchdreams are to come true. But help will be found if thedemand is insistent enough.? Alumni partnerships with their alma mater, inmeeting ever-stiffer educational challenges, will groweven closer than they have been.Boards of overseers, visiting committees, and otherpartnerships between alumni and their institutions areproving, at many schools, colleges, and universities, to bechannels through which the educators can keep in touchwith the community at large and vice versa. Alumni trustees, elected by their fellow alumni, are found on the governing boards of more and more institutions. Alumni"without portfolio" are seeking ways to join with theiralma maters in advancing the cause of education. The representative of a West Coast university has noted thetrend: "In selling memberships in our alumni association, we have learned that, while it's wise to list the benefits of membership, what interests them most is how theycan be of service to the university."? Alumni can have a decisive role in maintaininghigh standards of education, even as enrollmentsincrease at most schools and colleges.There is a real crisis in American education: the crisisof quality. For a variety of reasons, many institutions findthemselves unable to keep their faculties staffed with high-caliber men and women. Many lack the equipmentneeded for study and research. Many, even in this age ofhigh student population, are unable to attract the qualityof student they desire. Many have been forced to dissipatetheir teaching and research energies, in deference to pub-He demand for more and more extracurricular "services."Many, besieged by applicants for admission, have had toyield to pressure and enroll students who are unqualified.Each of these problems has a direct bearing upon thequality of education in America. Each is a problem towhich alumni can constructively address themselves, individually and in organized groups.Some can best be handled through community leadership: helping present the institutions' case to the public.Some can be handled by direct participation in such activities as academic talent-scouting, in which many institutions, both public and private, enlist the aid of theiralumni in meeting with college-bound high school students in their cities and towns. Some can be handled bymaking more money available to the institutions— forfaculty salaries, for scholarships, for buildings and equipment. Some can be handled through political action.The needs vary widely from institution to institution —and what may help one may actually set back another.Because of this, it is important to maintain a close liaisonwith the campus when undertaking such work. (Alumnioffices everywhere will welcome inquiries.)When the opportunity for aid does come — as it has inthe past, and as it inevitably will in the years ahead —alumni response will be the key to America's educationalfuture, and to all that depends upon it.alumni-shipjohn masefield was addressing himself to the subjectof universities. "They give to the young in their impressionable years the bond of a lofty purpose shared/' hesaid; "of a great corporate life whose links will not beloosed until they die." -The links that unite alumni with each other and withtheir alma mater are difficult to define. But every alumnus and alumna knows they exist, as surely as do thecampus's lofty spires and the ageless dedication of educated men and women to the process of keeping themselves and their children intellectually alive.Once one has caught the spirit of learning, of truth, ofprobing into the undiscovered and unknown — the spiritof his alma mater — one does not really lose it, for aslong as one lives. As life proceeds, the daily mechanicsof living — of job-holding, of family-rearing, of mortgage-paying, of lawn-cutting, of meal-cooking — sometimesare tedious. But for them who have known the spirit ofintellectual adventure and conquest, there is the bond ofthe lofty purpose shared, of the great corporate lifewhose links will not be loosed until they die.This would be the true meaning of alumni-ship, werethere such a word. It is the reasoning behind the greatservice that alumni give to education. It is the reasonalma maters can call upon their alumni for responsiblesupport of all kinds, with confidence that the responsibility will be well met. THEALUMNAAThe material on this and the preceding 15pages was prepared in behalf of more than 350schools, colleges, and universities in the UnitedStates, Canada, and Mexico by the staff listedbelow, who have formed editorial projectsfor education, inc., through which to perform this function, e.p.e., inc., is a non-profitorganization associated with the AmericanAlumni Council. The circulation of this supplement is 2,900,000.DAVID A. BURRThe University of OklahomaGEORGE J. COOKEPrinceton UniversityDAN ENDSLEYStanford UniversityDAN H. FENN, JR.Harvard Business SchoolRANDOLPH L. FORTEmory UniversityJ. ALFRED GUESTAmherst CollegeL. FRANKLIN HEALDThe University of New HampshireCHARLES M. HELMKENSaint John's UniversityJEAN D. LINEMANAmerican Alumni CouncilMARALYN ORBISONSwarthmore CollegeROBERT L. PAYTONWashington UniversityFRANCES PROVENCEBaylor UniversityROBERT M. RHODESLehigh UniversityWILLIAM SCHRAMM, JR.The University of PennsylvaniaVERNE A. STADTMANThe University of CaliforniaFREDERIC A. STOTTPhillips Academy {Andover)FRANK J. TATEThe Ohio State UniversityERIK WENSBERGColumbia UniversityCHARLES E. WIDMAYERDartmouth CollegeREBA W1LCOXONThe University of ArkansasCHESLEY WORTHINGTONBrown University*CORBIN GWALTNEYExecutive EditorHAROLD R. HARDINGAssistant Secretary-Treasurer*Ail rights reserved; no part of this supplementmay be reproduced without the express permission of the editors. Copyright © 1960 byEditorial Projects for Education, Inc., Room411, 1785 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington 6, D.C. editorial address: P.O. Box 5653,Baltimore 10, Md. Printed in U.S.A.a Nass mchts04-20G. George Fox, '04, AM '15, recentlycelebrated the 50th anniversary of his ordination as rabbi and was made an honorarymember of the Central Conference ofAmerican Rabbis.Myrtle I. Starbird, '04, lives in Evanston,111.Mildred M. Wheelock, '06, retired inSeptember as assistant principal of theEnglewood High School in Chicago.Margaret E. Burton, '07, is the author ofAssurances of Life Eternal, published byThomas Y. Crowell in October.William Embry Wrather, '07, of Washington, D. C, has recently been awardedan honorary membership in the AmericanInstitute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers. Mr. Wrather, a consulting petroleum geologist, was with theBoard of Economic Warfare during WorldWar II, where he was concerned with theprocurement of strategic and critical minerals and metals from foreign sources. Hebecame director of the Geological Surveyin 1945 and retired from that post in 1956.He is also a founder of the AmericanAssociation of Petroleum Geologists andhas been president of the Society of Economic Geologists and is a life trustee ofthe National Geographic Society.Katherine Slaught, '09, who had retiredto Los Angeles, was badly burned in anaccident in her home and is confined tothe Los Angeles County General Hospitalfor two or three months for treatmentand skin grafting.Aaron Arkin, '09, MD '12, PhD '13, isa professor of medicine at the Universityof Illinois and at the Cook County Graduate School of Medicine. Dr. Arkin livesin Chicago., Jennie R. McAllister, AM '09, has retired as a teacher at the Hyde Park HighSchool in Chicago.William Cabler Moore, PhD '10, of Stamford, Conn., had a "one man show" of hiswatercolor and casein paintings in theSouthside Regional Library in Boydton,Va., last October.Herbert L. Willett, Jr., '11, retired lastyear, at the age of 70, from the secretary- treasurership of Government Services, Inc.,in Washington, D. C. Mr. Willett, whomclassmates may remember as "Floyd," andhis wife have moved from the large home,in which they've lived for 30 years, to aluxury apartment, where they are veryhappy. Mr. and Mrs. Willett, who havetravelled widely, recently welcomed Alaskainto statehood.Ben F. Bills, '11, JD '14, has movedfrom Charlottesville, Va. and Pasadena,Calif., to Glenview, 111., and is continuingpublishing and consulting in PersonalCommunication as chairman of Bills Associates, Box 161, Glenview, 111.Nena Wilson Badenoch, '12, the radioand television consultant for the NationalSociety for Crippled Children and Adults,motored through France last summer.Clara A. Rahill, '12, of Caldwell, N. J.,writes that her son, Gerald, has been selected as a captain in the U. S. Navy.Chester S. Bell, '13, JD '15, of Neenah,Wise, reports that he's glad to serve asfund chairman in his community. He will,however, not be able to do much untilafter April 5, as he is completing a termas Mayor of Neenah and will be busycampaigning for re-election. "After election I shall have more time, whetherelected or defeated!"Virginia Henkins Buzzell, '13, writesthat she and her husband have just finished their 25th year with the Glen EyrieFarm for Children at Delavan Lake, Wise,and are about to call it quits— with, perhaps, a small group next year. A generation of faculty and alumni children whospent their summers on the farm willmiss having such an opportunity for theirchildren.J. Ben Hill, PhD '13, H. W. Popp,PhD '26, and Alvin R. Grove, PhD '40,are finishing pre-publication work on thethird edition of Botany, a Textbook forColleges.Hiram L. Kennicott, Sr., '13, is thesecretary of the Lumbermen's MutualCasualty Co. in Chicago. Mrs. Kennicottis the former Mary Ann Whiteley, '13.L. Mercer Francisco, '14, is an editorialconsultant for the Atlas Film Corp., producers of commercial films, in Chicago.Abraham Himmelblau, '14, of Chicago,is a partner in A. Himmelblau and Co.,certified public accountants. L. Mercer Francisco, '14, of Chicago,is an editorial consultant for the Atlas FilmCorp., producers of commercial films.Ada Huelster Sickels, '15, of Waukegan,111., resigned last June after 29 years ofteaching English in the Elkhart, Ind.,Senior High School.Florence Gridley Knight, '15, is aneditor and director of research at theInstitute for Research, publishers of vocational reference material known as CareersResearch Monographs, in Chicago.Charles Michel, Jr., '16, of Chicago, isvice-president of the LaSalle ExtensionUniversity, a correspondence institution.Mr. Morency '23Gertrude E. Smith, '16, AM '17, PhD'21, professor of Greek and chairman ofthe department of classical languages andliteratures at the U of C, recently returnedfrom a month in London, where she attended the Third International Congressof Classical Studies.Evangeline E. Stenhouse, '16, MD '32,a dermatologist, is serving her second yearas president of the medical staff of TheMary Thompson Hospital in Chicago.Albert H. Miller, Jr., '17, teaches at St.John's Lutheran School in LaGrange, 111.Verle Morrow, AM '17, a retired teacher,lives in Waukegan, 111.APRIL, 1960 25Col. James M. Sellers, '17, has resignedas superintendent of the Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Mo.Julius B. Kahn, '18, of Chicago, recentlytoured the colleges of pharmacy fromNorth Carolina to California, lecturing onhis "favorite subject, hypo-allergenic cosmetics and their importance to the pharmacists of the U. S." Mr. Kahn writes:"This is my way of following my doctor'sinstructions after recovering from a heartattack last April . . . getting away fromthe rigors of a Chicago winter. My wifeand I are meeting many U of C alumniin our travels and, of course, have fungetting nostalgic about our days on thecampus."Helen Koch, '18, PhD '21, professor ofpsychology at the U of C, has received agrant from the McCormick Foundation insupport of her research on twins.Robert S. Landauer, '18, PhD '21, andLester S. Skaggs, PhD '39, have beenappointed to a newly formed board whichwill certify radiation hazards control inspectors for the State of Illinois. Thereare approximately 6,000 medical and dental offices and 100 industries in Illinoiswhich use radiation sources and devices.All of them will eventually be surveyedby hazards control experts.Morton B. Weiss, '18, and Samuel N.Katzin, '21, are business partners in theMidway Chevrolet Co. in Chicago. Theyhave been business associates for the past37 years. Mrs. Weiss is the former Edna Levi, '25. Paul Weiss, '48, and BarbaraWeiss Blumfield, AM '51, attended boththe Lab School and U High.Elmer Kennedy, '19, is the director ofstudent activities at Wilson Junior Collegein Chicago. His son, Winston E. Kennedy,is the head of the Real Estate and Community Office at the U of C.John J. Willaman, PhD '19, a U. S.Dept. of Agriculture scientist and plantauthority whose professional career spansnearly half a century, retired in October.Mr. Willaman is internationally known forhis research and writings on the chemistryof plants. After completing his work atthe U of C, he studied in England andSweden for a year under a RockefellerFoundation fellowship. He* was a professor of biochemistry for 16 years at theUniversity of Minnesota, where he becameknown as the "plant chemist"; for nineyears, he "worked at the Rohm and HaasCo., where he developed enzymes frombacteria and molds that are still in widecommercial use. Last May, Mr. Willamanwas honored by the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture by receiving its Superior ServiceAward, made in recognition of the outstanding research he had directed and conducted personally at the Wyndmoor laboratory. Mr. Willaman lives in PlymouthMeeting, Pa., and is active in communitaffairs and an ardent hobbyist. He andhis wife have been married for 44 years.Ruth Finkelstein Ginsburg, '20, has completed 15 years as supervisor of foreign languages for the Los Angeles, Calif.schools. She has written three in a seriesof Spanish texts for high school studentsWilliam S. Boal, '20, of Wilmette, 111.'was recently appointed vice-president ofthe American Rug and Carpet Co., nowcelebrating its 50th anniversary.Joseph Demmery, '20, AM '24, is now aprofessor of general business at the University of Washington. Mr. Demmery livesin Edmonds, Wash.George L. Otis, '20, has retired asoperating manager of Southern territoryfor Sears Roebuck and Co. Mr. Otis livesin Atlanta, Ga.Florence Edler de Roover, '20, '23PhD '30, librarian at Boston Universitylives in Chestnut Hill, Mass.Emma McCredie Turner, '20, lives inOjai, Calif.21-26Ann Brewington, '21, AM '22, joinedthe faculty of the University of Nevadain its Southern Regional Division at LasVegas immediately after her retirementfrom the Business School of the U of Cin 1954. Miss Brewington is presently anassociate professor of business administration. In December of 1959, she received the John Robert Gregg Award inFrom New York Life's yearbook of successful insurance career men!WALTER BIETILA-a crack skier who jumpedinto a secure lifetime career!Former Olympic skier Walter Bietila's ability to makefriends and his keen competitive spirit have paid offhandsomely for him. In his very first year as a New YorkLife representative, he ranked first in paid-for-policysales in his area. This was followed by even greater results that earned him membership in the select MillionDollar Round Table in '58. He is now working for hisChartered Life Underwriter degree as a means of furtherimproving his professional service to clients, and analready substantial income.Walter Bietila, like many other college alumni, is wellestablished as a New York Life representative. In business for himself, his own talents and ambitions are theonly limitations on his future income. Additionally, hehas the personal satisfaction of helping others. If you orsomeone you know would like more information onsuch a career with one of the world's leading life insurance companies, write: 'OWALTERBIETILANew York Liferepresentative at> th* Green Bay, Wis) General OfficeEducation: Univ Qf w-rMi'"ary: U.S. Navy ,^eutenant. War* £?£*»> >Employment Record, rY°^ Life JuTy £ J°lned Ne*T°P Club lnn Member,o/lea^aSnT,0^12^1-JVew^JnJc LifeInsurance Ivm/r CompanyCollege Relations, Dept. U-751 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbusiness Education from the McGraw-Hill300k Go.Pearl Marie Heffron, '21, professor ofspeech and drama at Loyola Universityjn Chicago, is listed in the current edition0f Who's Who of American Women.Evan M. Klock, '22, is an advertisingconsultant in Chicago.Milton Gordon, '23, JD '25, a regionalattorney for the Federal Housing Administration, was recently elected to the officeof treasurer of the Federal Bar Association,Chicago chapter.Agnes Hendricksen, '23, teaches at theSchurz High School in Chicago.Paul W. Morency, '23, president of theTravelers Broadcasting Service Corp.,which operates the Hartford BroadcastingStations WTIC, WTIC-FM and WTIC-TV,has accepted the Connecticut state chairmanship of the 1960 Crusade for Freedom.As chairman, Mr. Morency is organizingCrusade committees to raise funds for thevital work of Radio Free Europe. Mr.Morency is a director of Broadcast Music,Inc., and past president of both the RadioPioneers Club and the Hartford Chamberof Commerce. He was awarded the Connecticut State Medal for "extraordinarycivilian service" during World War II andhas been recognized for outstanding service by government, education, and youthorganizations.Grace D. Phillips, '23, has moved toLos Angeles, Calif., from Denver, Colo.,where she has served as librarian of Temple Emanuel for the last twelve years.Rose Fishman Arden, '24, teaches Spanish at the Sullivan High School in Chicago.Clarence C. Clark, AM '24, is now professor emeritus at New York Universityand has been appointed professor of natural sciences at the newly established StateUniversity of South Florida. His workwill be to organize and recruit a teachingstaff and help teach physical science.Katherine Barrett Allen, '25, and herhusband live in Camden, Me. Mr. Allenis semi-retired, having resigned after 25years of headmastering at a boys' preparatory school near Boston, but continuingwith his camp for boys on the coast ofMaine near Wiscasset. The Aliens spentsix months touring Europe last fall andwinter.Theodore O. Yntema, AM '25, PhD '29,former member of the U of C facultyand now the vice-president for financeof the Ford Motor Co., has given theGraduate School of Business 100 sharesof Ford Motor Co. stock.Houghton W. Cross, '25 is a lawyer withthe Illinois Bell Telephone Co. in Chicago.Erling Dorf, '25, PhD '30, professor inthe department of geology at PrincetonUniversity, was recently awarded the distinguished lectureship of the AmericanAssoc, of Petroleum Geologists for 1959-60.The lectureship included a transcontinentaltour in January and February, lecturing on'The Earth's Changing Climates" beforeprofessional geological societies and university geological groups. Mr. Dorf willspeak on the same general topic at theInternational Geologic Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark, next August.Rev. Robert Ai Lundy, '25, is the pastor of St. Paul's South Church in San Francisco, Calif.Charles B. Anderson, '26, was recentlyre-elected to a second term as president ofthe American Booksellers Assoc. He is theowner of Anderson's Book Shop in Larch-mont, N. Y., which has been described byPublisher's Weekly as "one of the mostsuccessful bookstores in the country." Before entering the book business in 1946,Mr. Anderson taught English at ColumbiaUniversity and at the Horace Mann Schoolin New York.Louella Arnold, AM '26, is the headof the social studies department at theBedford High Schopl in Detroit, Mich.Ethel M. Evans, SM '26, retired fromteaching at the New Trier High School inWinnetka, 111., last June and is spendinghei time tutoring, working with churchand charitable groups and enjoying concerts, travelogs, etc.William B. McCollough, '26, JD '26,is a senior member of the Birmingham,Ala., law firm of McCollough and McCollough. His son William Jr. is the othermember of the practice. Mr. McCollough'sson Jim works for the Union Carbide Co.27-30H. D. Leinenweber, AM '27, teaches atthe Joliet Junior College in Joliet, 111.Thomas R. Mulroy, '27, JD '28, a partner in the Chicago law firm of Hopkins,Sutter, Owen, Mulroy & Wentz, waselected to the American College of TrialLawyers last September. Mr. Mulroy isthe chairman of the Lawyers' Section ofthe American Heart Society Fund Driveand a member of the executive committeeof the Chicago Crime Commission.Bernice Tucker Cory, '28, of Wheaton,111., was awarded a Lit.D. degree fromBiola College in Los Angeles, Calif., lastJune. She is now editor-in-chief at theScripture Press, publishers of interdenominational Sunday school lessons.Theresa Thiele Kirn, '28, of Whiting,Ind., substitute teaches at both the WhitingHigh School and the George Rogers ClarkHigh School in Hammond, Ind.Norton Clapp, '28, JD '29, of SeattleWash., is the president of the Weyerhaeuser Co. Mr. Clapp, who was citedby the Alumni Association in 1958 forhis civic contributions to the Pacific Northwest, is a trustee of the University.Herman F. Meyer, MD '28, in the private practice of pediatrics in Chicago, isthe author of Infant Foods and FeedingPractice, published by Charles C. Thomas,Springfield, 111.Paul H. Nesbitt, AM '28, PhD '38, andAlonzo W. Pond, AM '28, are co-authors,along with William H. Allen, of TheSurvival Book, published by Van NostrandBooks last October. The book is a comprehensive manual of survival under allpossible climatic conditions— in desert, jungle, or polar regions, or on the water—with complete instructions on summoningrescue. It is designed for "the air age,which enables men to traverse the globefcr exploration, for warfare, for business or BOYDSTDN AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS— 1708 E. 7 1 ST ST.Catch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEPARKER-HOLSMANC O M P A N V)Iea'ltoTs^Real Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525Phone: REgent 1-331 1The Old ReliableHyde Park Awnins Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for AH Purposes1142 E. 82nd StreetCHICAGO ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service tor Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPBED722 So. Dearborn . Chicago 5 . WA 2-4561YQUr COSTS: IMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURES£&«a»^APRIL, 1960BEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO24 HOUR SERVICELicensed © Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoSince 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at37 South Wabash Ave.Chicago 3, IIIRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 Telephone"W. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200 pleasure and also exposes them to environmental conditions which they have neverfaced before." Mr. Nesbitt is chief of theArctic-Desert-Tropic Information Centerand professor of anthropology at Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala. Hehas organized and led twelve scientificexpeditions to the American Southwest,Mexico, Central America and NorthAfrica, and has participated in other expeditions to Greenland and the Amazonterritory of South America. Mr. Pond,currently manager of Wisconsin Gardensin Minocqua, Wise, was in charge of theDesert Branch of the Arctic-Desert-TropicInformation Center and professor of desertgeography at the Air University. He hasled or participated in many importantarchaeological expeditions, among themthe paleolithic excavations at Mechta-el-Arbit, Algeria, and expenditions to theSahara and Libyan deserts to test survival procedures and equipment. Both Mr.Nesbitt and Mr. Pond are members ofthe Explorer's Club (N.Y.) and the Adventurers Club (Chgo.).Jerome S. Weiss, '28, JD '30, a partnerin the Chicago law firm, Sonnenschein,Lautmann, Levinson, Reiser, Carlin andNath, has recently been appointed chairman of the American Bar AssociationsStanding Committee on American Citizenship.Sophia Malenski Hill, '29, is a schoolsocial worker at the Froebel School inGary, Ind. Her daughter, Bea Hill, enrolled in the Graduate School of Education last fall and is living at InternationalHouse.Ralph E. Bayes, '29, has been ministerof the Mariners' House in Boston since1931. Last year, Mr. Bayes visited theSoviet Union and Yugoslavia, and is currently serving as ad interim minister ofthe Congregational Church in Wilmington,Mass.Noel G. Shaw, MD '29, is co-chairmanof the section of pediatrics of the IllinoisCongress of Maternal and Infant Welfare.Dr. Shaw lives in Evanston, 111.Irving T. Zemans, JD '29, is self-employed as a lawyer in Chicago.Harold Hay don, '30, AM '31, associateprofessor of art in the College, has beenelected president of the Chicago Societyof Artists. During the summer of 1959,he completed "The Law", a Byzantineglass mosaic mural which was shown inGoodspeed Hall at the University in October as part of the Mosaic Exhibitionpresented by the department of art andthe Renaissance Society. Later, the mosaicwas installed in the new temple Beth-Elin Gary, Ind. In November, Mr. Haydonwas given a one-man exhibition of paintings in Winnetka and designed the sets for"Time Will Tell", the Darwin Centennialtheatrical production on campus.Loretta M. Miller, '30, AM '38, professor of special education at the CentralWashington College of Education inEllensburg, Wash., teaches remedialcourses, child development and doesclinical work with children. Miss Milleralso lectures to PTA and church groups.Thomas Park, '30, PhD '32, professorof zoology at the U of C, has received athree-year grant of $32,000 from the Na tional Science Foundation to be used f0rthe training of doctoral students in pop,ulation ecology.Tracy E. Strevey, PhD '30, dean of theCollege of Letters, Arts and Sciences atthe University of Southern California andvice president-elect of academic affairsthere, was recently re-appointed by President Eisenhower to a four-year term as amember of the National Historical Publications Commission. The appointment willrun through December 26, 1963. The commission, which publishes public papers ofthe presidents of the U. S. and of thesecretary of state, met the third week inMarch in the National Archives in Washington, D. C. Mr. Strevey, who has beendean of liberal arts at USC since 1948,will become one of that university's threevice presidents next July. He was sent bythe Department of State as a guest lecturerto India early in 1957. In May, 1958, heheaded a four-man team that surveyed theUniversity of Tehran, Iran, for the U. S.International Cooperation Administration.He is a member of the executive committee of the Western College Associationand of the American Association ofAcademic Deans.H. W. Vandersall, SM '30, a memberof the faculty and administration of TheAmerican University at Cairo, Egypt,wrote in for a copy of the new CollegeAnnouncements and added: "I read andenjoy the Magazine and almost every article in it. In January I especially enjoyedand was helped by Chancellor Kimpton'sremarks about private and public universities."Grace Marie Boyd, '30, of Riverside, 111.,is the principal of the Columus ElementarySchool in Cicero, 111.Marjorie B. Ford, '30, AM '33, of Floss-moor, 111., teaches art at the Hoover Schoolin Calumet City, 111.George F. James, '30, JD '32, of Scarsdale, N. Y., is the senior vice president ofthe Socony Mobil Oil Co. He and hisfamily spent two years in Australia, whereMr. James was acting as representative ofthe American shareholder interests in theVacuum Oil Co. of Australia and affiliatedcompanies. They returned to New York in1958. The James family includes Mrs.James, a son at the University of Alabama,a daughter at Connecticut College and ayounger daughter still at home.Paul R. Lauritzen, '30, of Richmond,Va., an imported car dealer, has* beenappointed vice chairman of the NationalAutomobile Dealer's Assoc. Guide BookCommittee and a member of that association's Policy and By-Laws Committee for1960. During World War II, Mr. Lauritzenwas the automobile rationing officer forVirginia.31-39Theodore C. Appelt, AM '31, PhD '42,is a professor of German at ConcordiaTeachers' College in River Forest, 111.Therese M. Hosterlik, '31, is secretaryto the president of the Athletic Institutein Chicago, an organization for the ad-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE,ancenient of athletics, physical educationand recreation in America.Edward K. Stackler, '31, of HighlandPark, 111. , is a partner in the Chicago lawfirm, Stackler and Levenfeld. His son,n0nald, graduated Magna Cum Laudefrom Vale University last June and enteredtj,e U of C Law School in October.VVilliam Kendrick Grobel, AM '32, professor of New Testament at VanderbiltDivinity School, has written The Gospelgf Truth, published by the Abingdon Pressin M r<-'l>-Gto'ge L. Perkins, '32, PhD 37, ofGlencoe, 111., is a physician, child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst in Chicago.Harry C. Shernoff, '32, will be includedin the next edition of Who's Who inWisconsin. A resident of Crivitz, Wise,he has recently been elected to the localschool board and appointed to the StateCommittee on Constitution and Bylaws forthe state of Wisconsin branch of the LionsInternational.Catharine E. Logan, MD '33, is in theprivate practice of medicine in Oak Park,111.R O. Niehoff, '33, AM '34, has beenappi ! iited professor and chief advisor ofthe Michigan State University's PakistanProject, which is operated in connectionwith the Ford Foundation's TechnicalAssistance to Pakistan Project.James W. Merricks, MD '34, of Highland Park, 111., a urologist on the staff ofPresbyterian-St. Lukes Hospital in Chicago, was re-elected secretary-treasurer ofthe Rush Medical Alumni Assoc, duringthe annual meeting of the American Medical Assoc, in Atlantic City last June.Elder J. Olson, '34, AM '35, PhD '38,professor of English at the U of C, is oneof the winners of the Longview Foundation. Inc., awards for outstanding criticism poetry and fiction published betweenOctober, 1958, and October, 1959. Mr.Olson's award was for "The Last Entriesin tlie Journal" and other poems whichappeared in Poetry Magazine. Other U ofC faculty members and alumni who havewon these awards for literary excellenceare: Jean Louise Garrigus (Garrigue), '37,whose "Five Poems" appeared in PoetryMagazine in December, 1958: James Purdy,MA '37, for his short story, "EverythingUnder the Sun," which appeared inPartisan Review during the summer of 1959; Edward A. Shils, '37, professor onthe Committee on Social Thought, whoseprize-winning article, "The Culture of theIndian Intellectual," appeared in theSewanee Review in the spring of 1959;and Richard G. Stern, assistant professorin the department of English, for his shortstorv, "Assessment of an Amateur," whichappeared in the Kenyan Review in thespring of 1959. Mr. Stern's first novel,GOLK, will be published this spring.William T. Elliott, '35, of San Diego,Calif., sold his chain of three retail photographic stores in April of 1957 and is nowa real estate broker for the Percy H. Goodwin Co. in El Cajon, Calif.Robert M. Grogan, '35, has recentlybeen appointed manager of the newlyformed Geology Division in the Development Department of the Du Pont Co. inWilmington, Del. Mr. Grogan joined DuPont in 1951 after having been a geologistfor the Illinois State Geological Surveyand a consultant to the Armour ResearchFoundation and other organizations. Hehas written a number of articles for scientific publications and is a member of theAmerican Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, the Geological Societyof America, and the Society of EconomicGeologists.Sydelle Rovnick, '35, AM '52, lives inLos Angeles, Calif.Alvin J. Roseman, AM '35, regional director for Far Eastern operations of theInternational Cooperation Administration,has been selected by the National CivilService League as one of the top tencareer men in the federal government for1960. Mr. Roseman entered federal service as an assistant with the Social SecurityBoard when it was first set up in 1935. In1942, he became an executive of the WarManpower Commission, then served asdeputy chief of the Mission for Financeand Administration of UNRRA in Cairo,spent four years as deputy chief of theInternational Activities Branch of theBureau of the Budget. He then transferredto the State Department, as representativefor Specialized Agency Affairs at Geneva.Since 1951, Mr. Roseman has been withthe International Cooperation Administration and its predecessor organizations. Henow lives in Washington, D. C, with hiswife and their two children.Herbert C. Brown, '36, PhD '38, pro fessor of chemistry at Purdue University,in Lafayette, Ind., became a "distinguishedprofessor" there last June. Mr. Brown hasbeen in the chemistry department at Purdue since 1947 and has done work instudies of the shapes of molecules and inthe development of methods of makingboron compounds for the pharmaceuticalindustry and high energv fuels.James D. Majarakis, '37, MD '40, is anassistant professor in the department ofsurgery at the University of Illinois Schoolof Medicine.Mark Ashin, '37, AM '38, PhD '50,associate professor of English in the College of the U of C, has become the secondcampus representative of the WoodrowWilson National Fellowship Foundation.Zena Karras Bailey, '37, is the producerof this year's Quadrangle Club Revels,titled "South Side Story." Musical directorof the show is Mr. Roland J. Bailey, whoalso was musical director for the DarwinCentennial's "Time Will Tell."Beatrice Mailly Schonberg Bardaeke,'37, writes that her oldest daughter, Judy,is in her second year in the College.Walter Crewson, SM '37, associate commissioner of education for the State ofjoin the parade to the campus duringFESTIVAL OF THE ARTSApr/7 27-30• arts, sculpture, photography exhibits• distinguished visitors • Blackfriars• music • concerts • Beaux Arts Ballfor a Festival program, write FOTA todayAPRIL, 1960 29New York, is in charge of elementary,secondary and adult education in thestate of New York.Edwin F. Bohmfalk, '38, has recentlycompleted his six-year term as districtsuperintendent of the Fort Worth District,West, Central Methodist Conference, andhas been appointed to the pastorate ofthe Austin Avenue Methodist Church inWaco, Texas.Moddie D. Taylor, SM '38, PhD '43,professor of chemistry at Howard University in Washington, D. C, is the authorof JFirst Principles of Chemistry, sl newtextbook for introductory college courses,published in February by the D. VanNostrand Co., Inc.Wilbert E. Urry, '38, PhD '46, professorof chemistry at the U of C, collaborated with Jack Milgrom, '50, SM '51,PhD '59, a research chemist at the Whiting research laboratories of the StandardOil Co. (Indiana) in research on a newkind of platinum catalyst which offers aneasy and economical way of making manyorganic compounds. The research has alsoresulted in a clearer picture of the wayin which platinum and similar metals actas catalysts. Mr. Milgrom spoke before ameeting of the American Chemical Societylast fall. He has specialized in researchon catalysis since he joined the StandardOil Co. last fall. Seymour Meyerson, '38,senior project chemist at the Whitingresearch laboratories, spoke at the samemeeting of the American Chemical Society.He described his work in the area of massspectometry. Mr. Meyerson lives in Gary,Ind.John N. Hazard, JSD '39, spent hissabbatical leave from Columbia Universityteaching during the winter term 1959-60at the Graduate Institute of InternationalStudies in Geneva, Switzerland. His book,entitled Settling Disputes in Soviet Society,will be published by the Columbia University Press in August.Paul H. Gray, '39, MD '42, is a traininganalyst with the Baltimore PsychoanalyticInstitute and an assistant clinical professorof psychiatry at the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, D. C, where he resides.Robert B. Harlan, '39, of Flossmoor, III,is a real estate broker with the J. L. HessCo., Inc., in Chicago.40-56Bernice R. Engels, AM '40, was thesupervisor of elementary education in theGary, Ind., schools until she retired in1956.Fredrik Feltham, '40, AM '40, PhD '51,an associate professor of language artsat San Francisco State College, is currently with his family in Bogota, Colombia,where he is a Fulbright lecturer at theUniversidad - de los Andes.Wilfred R. Foster, PhD '40, has writtena technical paper which appeared in theOctober issue of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society. The title of thepaper is "Investigation of Role of BetaAlumina in the System Na20-Al203-Si02."Mr. Foster joined the faculty at Ohio StateUniversity in 1952, where he has beenprofessor and chairman of the departmentof mineralogy since 1957.Lillian Sheffner Goodkin, '40, lives inBell, Calif., where her husband is in thegeneral practice of medicine. Mrs. Good-kin is currently the residential chairmanof the Community Chest for the city ofBell.Mary Elizabeth Grenander, '40, AM '41,PhD '48, associate professor of Englishat the College for Teachers of the StateUniversity of New York in Albany, N. Y.,writes that she is editing the collectedletters of Ambrose Bierce, the Americanshort story writer, and would appreciatehearing from anyone who may know ofBierce letters still in private hands.Nicholas Helburn, '40, professor andhead of the department of geography andgeology at Montana State College, livesin Bozeman, Mont.J. Clay Madison, '40, is currently serv ing as superintendent of the GreensboroN. C, District of the Methodist ChurchElizabeth W. Maney, AM '40, a childwelfare supervisor for the Illinois StateDept. of Public Welfare, has a specialassignment: international adoptions, "mostly children from Hong Kong, GermanyItaly, Korea ... I toured the globe f0l!lowing the International Conference ofSocial Work last year and saw many 0fthese children."W. H. Roger Smith, '41, MBA '50, isplant manager of the Zonolite Co. in Chicago, manufacturers of building materials.Jacqueline Cross, '42, of Chicago, is theowner of the Sheridan Personnel ServicesCorp. and the Page Personnel Serviceemployment agencies.Seymour R. Steinhorn, '42, of Winnetkaa Chicago psychiatrist, is listed in the current edition of Who's Who in the Midwestand in American Men of Medicine. He ison the staff of the Psychiatric Institute ofMichael Reese Hospital, supervisor of theChild Care Program at the Institute forPsychoanalysis, a consultant at the IllinoisState Psychiatric Institute and at ChapinHall in Chicago.Richard S. Hochman, '43, of Chicago,writes: "After a dozen years of doingpublic relations with advertising agencies,public relations firms, and the Merchandise Mart, I am doing freelance publicrelations out of my combination home-office."F. Warren Tauber, Sr., '43, SM '45, isthe manager of package development atthe Visking Co. division of the UnionCarbide Co. in Chicago.Leonard R. Lee, '45, MD '47, has beenpracticing internal medicine in Lincoln,Nebr., after having finished his residencyin medicine at the U of C clinics in 1958.Jordan R. Frandzel, '46, is a researchanalyst in the research and statistics section of the Division of Placement and Unemployment Compensation of the IllinoisDepartment of Labor.Gertrude Simms Hodgson, AM '47, isa psychiatric social worker at the SalvationArmy Center's "Harbor Light," rehabili-The Sun Life of Canada, one of the world's great lifeCAREER insurance companies, offers men of ambition and integrity anoutstanding professional career in its expanding fieldforces. If you are interested in a career with unlimitedWITH opportunities, then Sun Life has the answer.• Expert Continuous TrainingA • Excellent Income Opportunity• Generous Welfare BenefitsFUTURE For full information about a Sun Life sales career,write to W. G. ATTRIDGE, Director of Agencies,Sun Life of Canada, Montreal.mSUN LIFE ASSU IRANCE COMPANY OF CANADAcoy VST TO COAST IN THE UNITED STATES30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPierre DeLattre, '55, who has spent almost two years among the San Francisco"beats", running the Bread and Wine Mission for the Congregational ChristianChurch, hotly defends his neighbors against the major charges directed at them.In a recent article in the New York Times, he stated: "The term beat is lookedon as an insulting term by many. They prefer the word beatific, a search for abeautiful attitude." He offered this characterization of the beat group: "I seethem as people who are trying to gain a more direct insight into reality throughemotional and intuitive forms of experience. Their lives are devoted primarily toa search for illumination through poetry, jazz, various narcotics, different person-alistic religions. They build here a more spontaneous existence, living for today,not for a planned future. They believe in nonattachment to material goods." Theclergyman said that North Beach is one of the most pacifistic communities inwhich he has ever lived. "This is a place where people who really are out ofone world and trying to work their way into another one come to find some kindof retreat," he said. "It is an area of contrasts. Sometimes I feel it is the sickestplace in the whole world. At other times, I think it's the only place that's living."taring alcoholics. Her job, she writes, is"a combination of casework and psychotherapy with consultation with a psychiatrist who specializes on alcoholism."Michael Borge, '48, is a lawyer with theChicago law firm, Chapman and Cutler.Mr. Borge lives in Evanston, 111.William J. Wolfe, '48, teaches English atthe Marshall High School in Chicago.June Helen Campbell, AM '49, teaches.,( the Manierre School in Chicago.Herbert R. Dyer, '49, of Parrish, Ala.,js the father of Ralph, three years old,Susan, two, and William Stephen, bornlast May 23.Joyce Dannen Miller, '49, MA '51, is aninstructor of introductory psychology andsociology at Wilkes College in WilkesBanc, Pa.Stanley Arthur Golden, '50, received hisPhD from Iowa State University inFebruary.Richard L. Mandel, JD '50, of North-field, III., is an attorney and a partner infirm of We.xman and Mandel in Chicago.Nan E. McGehee, '50, completed thework on her master's degree in experimental psychology in August and is pursuing her doctorate at Northwestern University in Evanston, 111.Richard C. Mockler, SM '50, has beenappointed chief of the National Bureau ofStandards Section of Atomic Frequencyand Time Standards.Loretta I. Mulcahy, AM '50, is theprincipal of the Shields School in Chicago.Christine Carroll Tetaz, '50, teaches atthe Lieh Elementary School in Oak Lawn,111.Amelia Oksenberg Rorty, '51, has beenpromoted from instructor to assistant professor of philosophy at Wheaton Collegein Norton, Mass.St vard Hiltner, PhD '52, professor inthe Federated Theological Faculties, hasbeen named as principal consultant to anew program in religion and psychiatry atthe Menninger Foundation in Topeka,Kansas. The five-year program of exploration is financed by a grant from the Danforth Foundation of St. Louis. During thepast academic year, Mr. Hiltner held aFulbright research fellowship in NewZealand and lectured in Australia for several weeks. His book, The ChristianShepherd, was published last April.Rudolph H. Horvath, MBA '52, is thechief of the division of statistical servicesof the U. S. Railroad Retirement Board.Mr. Horvath and his wife, who live inDeerfield, 111., have four children: twinsGregory and Dawn, five; a daughter, Jan,aged two; and Steven, who was born lastsummer.Richard A. Gerwin, '54, '56, MS' 57, ofSeattle, Wash., is a research physicist inplasma physics with the Boeing ScientificResearch Laboratories of Boeing Aircraft.David S. Helberg, '54, JD '57, is nowcompleting his senior year at the School°f Medicine of Western Reserve University. He is co-editor, along with Dr. AlanR- Moritz, of a 903 page book entitledTrauma and Disease: Selections from theRecent Literature, which was published'ast spring.Leonard B. Meyer, PhD '54, associateProfessor of music at the U of C, has written an article entitled, "Some Remarks on Values and Greatness in Music,"which appeared in the Journal of Aestheticslast June.Fauneil Rinn, AM '54, formerly a research fellow at the Brookings Institution,has been appointed an instructor in thesocial sciences in the College of the U of C.Charles P. Carlson, '55, lieutenant (jg)in the U. S. Navy, is now stationed atthe Naval Security Croup Activity in KamiSeya, Japan. When he leaves the servicethis summer, Mr. Carlson plans to dograduate work.Richard H. Cox, PhD '55, has been anassistant professor of political science atthe University of California in Berkeleysince 1957. He has a "book in the works"at the Clarendon Press, Oxford, England;the title, Locke on War and Peace.Meryl S. Fialka, AM '55, was marriedlast June to Andrew Lee Steigman, a foreign service officer currently stationed inWashington. Mr. and Mrs. Steigman hopeto leave soon for Africa.Philip Roth, AM '55, an English instructor in the College from 1956 to 1958,won second prize for his short story, "Defender of the Faith" in the 1960 O. HenryAwards. The story is one of 16 in thecollection, Prize Stories I960: The O.Henry Awards, published recently by Doubleday & Co., N. Y. POND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Qualify Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering * RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERAPRIL, 1960 31Stanton Terry Friedman, '55, MS '56, isa nuclear engineer at Aerojet-GeneralNucleonics in San Ramon, Calif. Mr.Friedman hopes to begin work for a Ph.D.in physics at the University of Californiaat Berkeley next September.Rev. Christopher C. Smith, '55, ischaplain of the Chicago Parental School.Leonard Dorin, '56, MBA '57, is aresearch assistant with the Leo BurnettAdvertising Agency in Chicago.Arnold B. Nurock, MD '56, writes thatafter the completion of his second yearas chief resident at the Childrens' Hospitalof East Bay in Oakland, Calif., he willbe stationed at the Scott Air Force Basenear St. Louis, Mo.Esther Harrison Delson, '56, '57, livesin Haifa, Israel, where her husband,Jerome, is a consultant with the PalestineElectric Corp.Richard W. Landon, MBA '56, has beenelected a principal of Cresap, McCormick,and Paget, a national management consulting firm, with offices in Chicago. Mr.Landon lives in Winnetka, 111., with hiswife and four children.Sterling W. McHarg, '56, resigned hispost as minister of the Norris ReligiousFellowship in Norris, Tenn., for the pastorate of the Community Church in Gunnison, Colo.Martin E. Marty, PhD '56, associateeditor of The Christian Century Magazine,was the main speaker for Religious Emphasis Week at Gettysburg College inGettysburg, Pa., from February 14 through17. Mr. Marty is currently writing a booktitled Christian Communication throughMass Media, under contract to WestminsterPress. The 31-year-old Lutheran pastorpublished The New Shape of AmericanReligion and A Short History of Christianityduring 1959. He has contributed to morethan a dozen religious and educationalperiodicals. Mr. Marty is presently pastorof the Lutheran Church of the Holy Spiritin Elk Grove, 111. He and his wife havethree sons.57-59Michael Houghton Millar, SM '57, whois working towards his doctorate at theU of C, is a lecturer in mathematics atthe Downtown College of the University.Alister MacDonald, MBA '57, is a foreman for the Sunbeam Corp. in Chicago.John F. Neumer, PhD '57, is an instructor at Brown University after doinga year of postdoctoral work at Cal Tech.Fred P. Seymour, MBA '57, was appointed director of forward planning atR. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., Chicagoprinters, last September.Roy O. Waters, AM '57, is a psychiatricsocial worker at the Veterans' Administration West Side Hospital in Chicago.Donald T. Asher, MBA '58, is an operations analyst for the Abbott Laboratoriesin North Chicago, 111. Mr. Asher lives inWaukegan, 111.Mary E. Burns, PhD '58, has beenappointed associate professor in The Uni-32 versity of Michigan School of SocialWork.Michael J. Gallagher, '58, MBA '59, isemployed as a security analyst by A. G.Becker and Co., a Chicago stock brokeragefirm.Peter Jonikas, AM '58, compiled abibliography of public library surveys contained in the collections of the Universityof Chicago Library and the HeadquartersLibrary of the American Library Association, published by the Office for AdultEducation of the American Library Association. Mr. Jonikas lives in Riverside, 111.Dorothy Ann McGovern, AM '58, is anassistant professor of mathematics at theChicago Teachers College-Philip S. Y. Shen, '58, is in the Ph.D.program at the University.Julian L. Simon, MBA '58, is the chiefexecutive officer of a study of patterns inthe use of research library materials conducted under a grant of $84,000 from theCouncil on Library Resources. The studywill attempt to determine the books ofgreatest present and potential value inresearch libraries as a preliminary to determining how large libraries may modifyspace requirements and storage systems.Mr. Simon is working under the generaldirection of Herman H. Fussier, AM '41,PhD '48, director of the University ofChicago Library.Ernece B. Kelly, '58, AM '59, is anassistant program director of adult clubsat the Buffalo, N. Y., YWCA.Debbie A. Mines, '58, was married toMr. Julian Chassman on March 12 at theDrake Hotel in Chicago. They will livein Bronxville, N. Y.Richard A. Weinberg, MD '58, internedat the Philadelphia General Hospital. Nowfulfilling a military obligation, he is serving as a general medical officer at theYohota Air Force Base in Tokyo, Japan.He writes: "Wife and I are having thetime of our lives."Sally Cassidy, PhD '59, assistant professor of social sciences in the College ofthe U of C, has taken a leave of absenceto head the social sciences staff at thenewly established Monteith College, adivision of Wayne University, in Detroit.She is being assisted by Paula Verdet, PhD'59, also an assistant professor of socialsciences in the College on leave of absence, who is writing up her research onurban population.John C. Cotten, '59, has joined theMassachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co.as a representative in its Balt-Boyntonagency.Muriel F. Horton, AM '59, has recentlybeen appointed an assistant professor ofnursing in the School of Nursing andsupervisor of nursing and operating roomsat the University Hospital of the University of Michigan.John D. Ingersoll, MBA '59, is a memberof the U. S Army's European headquartersin Germany.Rev. Robert Reed, '59, was ordained asa Unitarian minister and installed as theassistant minister of the Unitarian Churchof Arlington, Va., last September.David Yu, PhD '59, teaches courses inreligion at Bluefield State College in Blue-field, West Virginia.THE UNIV Continued from page 1American education is the failure todevelop a relish for style.We style everything in the country— ourcars, our clothes, our homes— except ourminds. They still chug along like a Model TPart of the trouble is the tyranny of theobjective test. It has sharpened the witsof the men who devise the questions, pro-vided employment for electronic engineersand reduced the burden of marking papersfor the teachers of large classes; but as atraining ground in literacy it is a dismalflop. The shapely prose of the GettysburgAddress or the Declaration of Independence was never learned in this school.One of the objects of a good educationis to get rid of what Emerson called "thenonsense of our wigwams"— whether thewigwam is an uncultivated home, a suburban conformity, a crass materialism, or anarrow devotion to some inflexible dogma.The aim is not to get rid of all prejudices,but to reduce them to civilized proportions.Standards. There is something wrongwith an education which does not instillsome elementary moral principles into theperson receiving it. Nobody will gain ifwe simply multiply the number of educated scoundrels and hucksters. The encouragement of honesty, decency and public spirit upon which the health of societydepends is as much the business of schoolsand universities as of the homes andchurches.There is a certain constancy about theidea of an educated man throughout civilized history, but each age has its ownproblems. Ours have been largely createdby a technological revolution which ispiling up perils as well as promises. Howdo we produce the flexible, versatile mindsthat are capable of dealing with new andexplosive conditions? The educator has noformula but he needs to remember thateducation has become a race with disasterand that the best preparation for an uncharted world is a liberal education in theancient sense of the word.Well-rounded man. The ideal of thewell-rounded man has been debased injournalistic currency. He has become theorganization man, the fraternity brother,or the man who is so well-rounded that herolls wherever he is pushed.The humanists who invented the idea,and preached it for centuries, would recoilin contempt from any such notion. Theyunderstood the possibilities of the wholeman and wanted an educational systemwhich would give the many sides of hisnature some chance to develop in harmony.They thought it a good idea to mix thewisdom of the world with the learning oithe cloister, to develop the body as wellas the mind, to pay a great deal of attention to character, and to neglect no artwhich could add to the grace of living.It was a spacious ideal which offeredevery hospitality to creative energy. Anyone who is seriously interested in a liberaleducation must begin by rediscovering **•H.W.M.RSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAAemonaf T A. REHWQU1STC0O/ SidewalksFactory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433Sloise Mayham Hulley, AM '94, died onOctober 7, at the age of 91 in her homein De Land, Fla.Ernest E. Irons, '00, MD '03, PhD '12,who died in November of 1958, has beenhonored with a new municipal tuberculosissanitarium clinic dedicated in his honor.The Irons Clinic, at 35th St. and MichiganAve. in Chicago, is the fifth such clinicbuilt for the medical treatment of outpatients. According to the Hyde ParkHerald, "Some 75,000 visits a year willmake sure that the name and work of Dr.Irons will not be forgotten."Mary Cain Lincoln, '01, MD '05, diedon October 31. For 28 years, she was theco-director of the Lincoln-Gardner MedicalLaboratory in Chicago. After her retirement in 1942, Dr. Lincoln made her homein Sister Bay, Wise.John Robertson Macarthur, PhD '03,died on January 31 in Chula Vista, Calif.Robert Kirkland Nabours, '05, PhD '11,who retired as head of the zoology department of Kansas State University in 1945,died in Manhattan, Kan., in January. Mr.Nabours' most important scientific contributions were in the field of genetics, onthe inheritance of characteristics and theformation of new characters by mutation.Hazel Elise Rowland Murphy, '08, diedin February in St. Petersburg, Fla.Julia Florence Alexander, '09, '26, diedthe day before her 90th birthday in NorthManchester, Ind., her home for most ofher life. Her death was reported by hercousin, Charles H. Good, '30, MA '36.Raymond D. Penney, '12, of Tacoma,Wash., died on December 25.Evelyn G. Halliday, '15, SM '22, PhD'29, died in 1959.Rev. Stephen A. Stewart, MA, '15, ofMesa, Ariz., died on October 18.Ralph Davis, '16, died on January 30.Joseph B. Stephens, '20, AM '32, ofHarvey, III, died last April 23.Daniel F. O'Hearn, '22, died on November 3, 1958.George H. Yardley, Jr., '23, of BalboaIsland, Calif., died on January 17.M. Evelyn Dilley, PhD '24, head of thelanguage department at Shaker HeightsHigh School in Shaker Heights, Ohio, diedin December.Charles V. Dingis, Jr., '25, died on September 5 in Chicago.Anna Winans Kenny, '25, AM '29, PhD45, died on September 6.Roy G. Fischer, '27, died on December 22.Virginia Winship, '28, MBA '39, of Battle Greek, Mich., who died in December,provided an unrestricted bequest of $5,000for the University. Facundo Buesco-Sanllehi, SM '29, PhD'41, dean of the faculty of natural sciencesat the University of Puerto Rico, died inSan Juan, P. R., in January.Maude Mayhew, '30, of Carbondale, 111.,died on November 30, 1957.Eunice Trumbo, '30, died in Council,Idaho, on August 28.F. Lenore Burney, '32, of Chicago, diedin December. Miss Burney had been principal of the primary grades at the HarvardSchool for Boys in Chicago.Richard A. Studhalter, PhD '32, formerhead of the biology department of TexasTechnological College, died on March 29,1958.Florence L. Sullivan, AM '32, who diedDecember 21, 1957, in San Miguel, Calif.,left a bequest to the University of $500for the fellowship fund of the School ofSocial Service Administration.Merry E. Pittman, '36, MD '38, died onJanuary 26 in Boston, Mass.Leon David Cook, Jr., '40, died on June30, 1956, in Oak Park, Mich.Norma B. Lowenberg, AM '43, died onMay 11, 1959, in Hightstown, N. J.Rev. Eugene Sidney Smith, AM '59, ofChicago, died in January.EZRA JACOB KRAUSEzra J. Kraus, PhD '17, DistinguishedService Professor Emeritus of Botany, diedin Corvallis, Oregon, on February 28, 1960at the age of 74.Mr. Kraus began his career in Corvallisat what was then Oregon AgriculturalCollege (now Oregon State) in 1908;moved on to Wisconsin in 1919; and became chairman of the department of botany at Chicago in 1934. He retired in1949 and returned to Corvallis to becomevisiting professor in horticulture at OregonState College. He loved Oregon and washappy in his retirement.Ezra Kraus was an internationally famous plant scientist with many significantcontributions to his credit. But by us onthe campus he will always be rememberedas a warm, kindly, and thoughtful friend(one of the most popular residents of theQuadrangle Club ) ; the man who causedthe Club's tennis court fences to blossomwith his own variety of delicate bluemorning glories; and the scientist who developed varieties of hardy and colorfulchrysanthemums with which he smotheredthe flower beds of the quadrangles eachfall. The campus has never been so colorfuland gay since he left.H.W.M. *76e Sxelcuive @tea*tvi4>We operate our own dry cleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE5319 Hyde Park Blvd.NOrmal 7-98581331 East 57th St.Ml dway 3-06021553 E. Hyde Park Blvd. FAirfax 4-5759GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica -Bolex - Rolleiflex - Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model SuppliesyersatilityFrom a small one-color sheet to awork of thousands of pages, from afull color catalog to a giant display,here one can see the gamut ofprinting jobs. Diversity of productclearly indicates our versatility.Fine skills and varied talents of ourpeople are supported by a widerange of camera and plate equipment,offset presses of several typesfrom the smallest to the largestand a complete pamphlet binderyPhotopress| INCORPORATED¦ IJJI^«IJ-M,IHJIUCongress Expressway at Gardner RoadBROADVIEW, ILL COIumbus 1-1420APRIL, 1960... a hand in things to comeCreating; a strange worldThe coldest natural temperature ever recorded— 100 degreesbelow zero— occurred in the Antarctic. But the people of Union Carbide areproducing temperatures all the way down to minus 450 degrees . . . approaching absolute zero!Startling things are being done at this unearthly cold temperature. Many types of living tissue are being preserved, and research is now wellunder way in freezing whole blood. Certain metals become perfect conductorsof electricity —a rare quality which may bring greater efficiency to electronicequipment. And, for over fifty years, Union Carbide has used these ultra-lowtemperatures to turn air into liquid . . . then extract oxygen, argon, nitrogenand other atmospheric gases in their pure form. They are produced on amammoth scale to meet the great demand from industry.Working with such extreme cold is still a young science knownas cryogenics. It is only one of many areas in which the people of UnionCarbide are striving to make tomorrow a better world. of coldLearn about the exciting work goingon now in gases, carbons, chemicals?metals, plastics, and nuclear energy.Write for "Products and Processes"Booklet K, Union Carbide Corporation, 30 East 42nd St., New York17, N.Y. In Canada, Union CarbideCanada Limited, Toronto.... a liand.in things to come