... a hand in things to comeShaping another sun7000 degrees ... an inferno approaching that of the sun's surfacehas been created by the scientists of Union Carbide. The energy comes fromthe intensely hot carbon arc. Through the use of mirrors, the heat is reflectedto form a single burning image of the electric arc at a convenient point.Called the arc-image furnace, it extends the limits of high-temperatureresearch on new materials for the space age.For years, mammoth carbon and graphite electrodes have firedblazing electric furnaces to capture many of today's metals from their oresand to produce the finest steels. But, in addition to extreme heat, the carbonarc produces a dazzling light that rivals the sun. In motion picture projectors,its brilliant beam floods panoramic movie screens with every vivid detailfrom a film no larger than a postage stamp.The carbon arc is only one of many useful things made fromthe basic element, carbon. The people of Union Carbide will carry on theirresearch to develop even better ways for carbon to serve everyone. Learn about the exciting workgoing on now in carbons, chemicals, gases, metals, plastics, andnuclear energy . Write for' 'Products and Processes" Booklet I,Union Carbide Corporation, 30E. 42nd St., New York 1 7, N. Y.In Canada, Union CarbideCanada Limited, Toronto.... a handin tilings to comeMemo|MProm Cobble-dy-gook to MidwayThe i i niversity publishes over 30 professional journals ranging from The Elementary School Journal monthly with 15,000subscribers to The Bulletin of MathematicalBiophysics quarterly with 300. In additionour Press produces over 80 new booksannually.Most of the articles in these journals, andmany of the books in highly specializedfields, you wouldn't read if they containedthe answer to the $64,000 question (if Idare the expression!). They are too technical and the vocabularies are likely to begobble-dy-gook to the layman. Manyarticl< > however, are significant and con-tribut :o man's thinking.For years Chicago editorial boards havebeen haunted by the knowledge that,buried in many of these journals andChicago-bound books are nuggets of layinterest and stimulating knowledge. Ifthese nuggets could be extracted and condensed in simple English, laymen wouldfind the reading fascinating and enlightening.Last spring the editors were ready tomake a calculated plunge. They wouldpublish a Reader's Digest size quarterlywith the best from Chicago's journals andbook'-: in condensed form.Its :.,imc? Arm Chair Scholar? Scholar'sSampler? (No, sounds like old lady's embroidering or a box of candy! ) They finallyagreed on Midway, "A Magazine of Discovery in the Arts and Sciences." Midwayis uniquely associated with the University.As a proper noun it was first used to designate the parkway between Jackson andWashington Parks.Its editor? Felicia Anthenelli, '50, who,as editor of this magazine in 1957, wonnational honor for her professional editing,was returning to Chicago from her positionas feature writer on the San FranciscoNewr. Felicia was being married to JamesHolt .,, JD '50, of Chicago. She agreedto be Midway's first editor.Volume 1, Number 1 appeared in January.Already it has more than a thousand subscribers ($3.50 a year). But more important, it will be found in the paperbacksections of newsstands across the country($1.00).It is the first time any university presshas drawn on its store of publications toprovide articles in a popular, condensedform for the general public.Speaking of new journalsA new scientific journal in the field ofdentistry will be launched from the Uni-versj. ,¦ campus next fall: Dental Progress.The Institute of Dental Research of theU. S. Health Service made a five-year grant of $173,000 to the University to establishthe journal which is planned to bridge thegap between the researcher and the clinician.Rollin D. Hemens, '21, who has beenwith the University Press since his graduation, was appointed executive editor. Theeditorial board includes two members fromour Zoller Dental Clinic: Dr. J. Roy Blayney (emeritus) and Dr. Albert Dahlberg.Darwin musical flubIn the January Darwin Centennial issuewas a page of pictures (21 ) which includedscenes from Time Will Tell, written especially for the centennial by Robert Pollak,'24, and Robert Ashenhurst of the GraduateSchool of Business.The text on Page 21 read: Time WillTell took a sprightly musical, though notnecessarily accurate, look at the days ofDarwin.The word accurate was used very inaccurately. A notable feature of this original production was its accuracy. Theauthors checked every biography andsource book they could come by. Even fordetails of dialogue they went to the originalsources. And the final script was checkedby Sir Charles Darwin and Sir JulianHuxley. This accuracy was part of the realcharm of the performance.lettersIt is possible that some are able to dismiss the notorious succession of victoriesthe basketball team claims, but some of usconsider this to be symptomatic of changesin what the University most esteems. Surelyyou will not insist that a policy long dedicated to intellectual pursuits now finds itdesirable and pertinent to stress the relevance of sports in the same community. Orwill you?Edward M. Levine, AM'55, PhD'58Purdue UniversityNew Vice PresidentOn February 1st Henry T. Sulcer, '33,JD'36, moved into the fifth-floor office inthe Administration Building formerly occupied by George H. Watkins and morerecently by William B. Cannon. Sulcer isthe new Vice President for Development.He is an alumnus of our High School, College, and Law School and moved back tothe campus from New York City where hewas vice president and general managerof the Graver Water Conditioning Co., asubsidiary of the Union Tank Car Company.Henry, who spent so many student yearson the Midway, has hundreds of alumnifriends who know him as "Hap." Morerecently he was president of our large, Henry T. Sulceractive, and important alumni club ofGreater New York City.From Law School graduation Hap became a practicing Chicago lawyer andtaught evening classes at the John MarshallLaw School in Chicago. He gave up hispractice to become an officer with Spiegel,Inc., Chicago, the mail order firm. He hadbeen with the Graver Company since 1949.Mrs. Sulcer was Wallace Crume, '34.They have three children, Gordon, 16;Deborah, 14; and Charity, 10. Before returning to Chicago the family lived inMaplewood, New Jersey. In Chicago theybought an apartment around the cornerfrom Steinway's on 57th Street, at 5719Kenwood Avenue.On the newsstandTime for January 25th, briefed the program of our "new" Graduate School ofEducation. ". . . Chicago is in deadearnest about producing teachers who knowtheir specialties, scholars who know how toteach."In his first year the student will spenda full year of graduate work in his subjectunder supervision of top scholars fromvarious divisions of the University proper. . . observe high school teaching, take awide-range weekly seminar in the psychology of learning and the philosophy ofeducation.In the second year, a teaching residencyin a selected high school. He will earnthree-fifths of a regular teacher's salary;meet once a week with a University scholarto go over problems.At the end of two years, a master of artsafter being certified by 1 ) his major department; 2) the education department;and 3) the supervisors of his year ofteaching. H.W.M.MARCH, 1960 1UNIVERSITYMAGAZINE5733 University AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisMidway 3-0800; Extension 3244EDITOR Mariorie BurkhardtFEATURES3 The Spirit of a City: ChicagoStanley Pargellis1 '.- - Soviet, U.S. Strengths ComparedA Seminar15 Something to Cheer AboutBob Smith20 ...Notes fr< Emeriti — IDEPARTMENTSI ..Memo Pad12 News of the Quadrangles25 Class News33 MemorialsCOVERAfter the game is over, student studies whilewaiting for her basketball player date.PHOTO CREDITSPages 3- Hedrich-Blessing; 6- United Press;Cover, 15-19; Albert C. Flores.The University of ChicagoALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPRESIDENT John F. Dille, Jr.EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Howard W. MortADMINISTRATIVE ASST Ruth G. HalloranPROGRAMMING Lucy Tye VandenburghALUMNI FOUNDATIONDirector John A. PondChicago-Midwest Area Florence MedowREGIONAL OFFICESEastern Region W. Ronald SimsRoom 22, 31 E. 39th StreetNew York 16, N. Y.MUrray Hill 3-1518Western Region Mary LeemanRoom 318, 717 Market St.San Francisco 3, Calif.EXbrook 2-0925Los Angeles Branch. Mrs. Marie Stephens1195 Charles St., Pasadena 3After 3 P.M.— SYcamore 3-4545MEMBERSHIP RATES (Including Magazine)I year, $5.00; 3 years, $12.00Published monthly, October through June, by theUniversity of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annualsubscription price, $5.00. Single copies, 25 cents.Entered as second class matter December I, 1934,at the Post Office of Chicago, Illinois, under theact of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, 22 Washington Square, NewYork, N. Y. OUR OWN MAKE TROPICAL SUITSfeaturing our unexcelled workmanshipplus exclusive designs and coloringsStarting with handsome suitings, woven exclusivelyfor us in subtle colorings of blues, greys or browns—and in pin stripes and fancy patterns— to the finalhand-detailing in our own workrooms... our tropicalsuits are distinctively Brooks Brothers in quality,styling and taste. This Spring's interesting selectionfor town or country wear includes English all-worsted tropicals, and lightweight blends of Dacron*polyester and worsted. Coat and trousers.English Tropcal Worsteds , $ 1 1 5Dacron* -and- Worsted Tropicals, $100"::"Du Pont's trademarkTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE SPIRIT OFA CITY— CHICAGOBY STANLEY PARGELLISDIRECTOR, NEWBERRY LIBRARY, CHICAGOCan we compare the spirit of Chicago with that of anyof the great cities of the past? I doubt it.A German prince who has lost his heart to Americathought the comparison unfair to the old cities. They alllive on their past, he said, in America you look ahead. Andyet the report from those who know Europe well is thatRome is again the first city there, because it is lookingahead, and that London is second, and Paris a poor third.And where would Moscow rank, if judged by that standard?Nor can Chicago today be compared to these cities atthe moment of their greatest glory: with Athens, a city-state, its citizens poverty-stricken in comparison with ourstoday, almost continually at war with its neighbors, and yetrising for a generation to a height of architectural, cultural,literary, and philosophic achievement that has been thedespair and the inspiration for the world ever since; Romein the time of Augustus, a city of brick become a city ofmarble, a city-state grown into an empire, its Romansproud to have been born to rule the world; or Florenceunder the Medici, or Paris in the time of Louis XIV; orVictorian London, capital of a world empire when Chicagowas a muddy, stinking village. Comparison of Chicago withthese cities in their great moments would be unreal, or, ifyou want to press it, unfair to Chicago.And yet, from the experience of these and other cities,one can set down some, at least, of the marks which distinguish a great city. Mind you, there is no agreement onthis. To some poets a city consists of the little people wholive there, and not of its buildings and bridges, its towersand palaces and churches. To others it is a place wherefamous men have lived, dined, talked with their friends,or have written books and painted pictures and composedmusic. To others, and I think I would agree, a city, anycity, is so complex that it cannot be understood. It is mankind's greatest work of art, because it represents the collective effort of all of its citizens. Without cities there wouldhe no civilization— the terms are synonymous.What are some of the marks which, generalized, make acity great?First of all, I would place freedom. Traditionally, themedieval city gave freedom to a serf from the country if hehad lived a year and a day within its walls. The city hasalways given privacy to the individual, from penthouse togarret— curious that both should be on the same top floor-privacy not found in a small town or in the country. Whata man does in a city is his own affair, and no one else's,save in a police state, which, if it continues for long, ruins Looking North on Michigan Avenue from the Art Institute"The city," says Mr. Pargellis, "is mankind'sgreatest work of art, because it represents thecollective effort of all its citizens." But it is socomplex, so many things to so many differentcitizens, that it is difficult to describe, to understand. Like Chicago's lion, though, it must befree and proud.MARCH, 1960 3the city and its culture. And the city provides a stimulus,if he wants it, not found elsewhere. The Queen comes tothe city, the citizens assemble in the Forum, they flock tohear the sermons of Savonarola, they throng into the CrystalPalace. Suburbanites, even in this day, have little cenceptof the life of a city. They may draw their sustenance fromit; they may occasionally honor it with their presence, theymay make a contribution of one sort or another now andthen to it, but they have removed themselves from its life-blood. Their freedom, if they have it in the suburbs, issecond-hand, derived from the city they have abandoned.Freedom, I repeat, is only to be found and nourished inthe city; only there does one's next door neighbor neitherknow nor care what you are doing; the city, the mysteriouscity, swallows us, and leaves us free.Second, I would put in my category of the things thatmake a city great— civic pride. This is so enormous a subject that I cannot begin to do it justice. Listen to Pericles:"Our public opinion welcomes and honors talent in everybranch of achievement, not for any sectional reason but ongrounds of excellence alone." Athens, had it had a dailynewspaper, would have headlined the Olympic games aswe did the White Sox winning the pennant; and it wouldhave given equal, if not more space in the press to the firstperformance of a play by Euripides.What creates a sense of civic pride? Let's start with thevery small things. In the days when Britain was conqueringIndia, and Canada, and ruling the Seven Seas, Dr. Johnson,walking the streets of London, had to keep to the wall,nearest in from the curb, lest garbage and slops be dumpedon his head. Maybe cleanliness, so important to us today,is not necessary if the city has other merits. And yet, indefault of other merits, we now judge a city by its degreeof cleanliness; I was in such and such a city in Africa,filthy; such and such a city is clean. England in the late18th century had Goldsmith for its novelist, Burke for itspolitician and philosopher, Garrick for its actor, Sheridanfor its dramatist, Reynolds for its painter, and Johnson forits Great Cham.Take a bus sightseeing through Chicago. What do yousee? Loyola, Mundelein, Northwestern, the Art Institute,fhe Chicago Historical Society, the Elks Memorial, the University of Chicago, Bughouse Square and the NewberryLibrary, the Stock Yards, the parks, and the tall buildings.These, perhaps ninety per cent of them, are, as WalterLippman said the other day, "the institutions which areessential to a good society, yet cannot be operated forprofit." They are the sights which a profit-making organization singles out as a source of pride for Chicago.Civic pride— you can tell from the way a man leaves hismoney where his heart is. I have a friend who has gonethrough all the wills of 16th century England, in order todiscover what people in every city and county in Englandbelieved in then, as worth continuing and worth their moneyafter they had met the requirements of their families. Whatwill a similar survey of wills made in Chicago show whena scholar, a century hence, works upon them? It looks asthough, now, many men believed much more in Easterninstitutions like Harvard and Yale than those in their owncity. They are, and their wills show it, half-hearted Chi-cagoans.We have institutions here which, if this city developsas it should and will, will match anything the world has tooffer. But the men who are putting their money on Chicago's future seem not to be putting it in Chicago's culturalinstitutions. There is in this city a Library of InternationalRelations with 50,000 volumes, the result of one woman'sdevoted efforts over a number of years. She cannot findthe sources from which to support it. She is negotiating for the transfer of this library, in a city which is going tobecome, with the opening of the St. Lawrence Waterway,one of the world's great ports and therefore presumablyconcerned with the world's problems, to the library 0{Michigan State University, at East Lansing. As far as I cansee* Chicago is accepting this loss without a tremor.Civic Pride— a city should, as the Germans say, schdnliegen; lie beautifully. And yet, I wonder about this. Romehas hills, and a rather miserable dirty river. Most of theEuropean cities have not much in the way of naturalscenery; none of them has a river like the St. Lawrence,with the citadel of Quebec above it, or bays like San Fran^cisco and New York; or a lake front as carefully and wellguarded as Chicago's. The spirit of a city in the past hasnot depended very much upon its natural beauties.There is another word which enters into this concept ofa city's spirit. Listen again to Pericles: "We are lovers ofbeauty without extravagance, and lovers of wisdom withoutunmanliness. . . . Let us draw strength . . . from the busyspectacle of our great city's life as we have it before usday by day, falling in love with her as we see her. . . ."Love for a city^this is a different thing from civic pride.A real Londoner, when the bombs began to fall* supposinghe were 40 miles away and safe, had got to get back intothe city. It was his; he'd got to be there. It's no questionof the safety of his own place, it was simply the city. Tobe there through that misery with his own, to suffer withthem, and if it comes to it, to die with them. Back toLondon, at whatever cost. Back to the Tower, St. Pauls,Fleet Street, Trafalgar Square, Piccadilly Circus, Hyde Park.I asked a taxi cab driver the other day "What do youthink of Chicago?" "I like it." "Why?" "I can make moneyhere." "Do you love it?" "No, I am a Greek, I am makingmoney to return home." "Where are you from?" "Athens,""Do you love Athens?" Oh-oh-hohoh.Some people love Chicago as Londoners do London, orGreeks Athens. I don't know how many.Love for a city is one of those intangibles about whichit is difficult to talk. I have known New Yorkers, little NewYorkers, for whom the universe rises and sets on ThirdAvenue; we all know Bostonians forewhom still that universe's hub stretches west to the Mississippi; Philadelphiansthere are who must live and die within the potential pealof the Liberty Bell.Ruined cities in Germany were asked, after the war, whatthey first wanted restored. In Stuttgart they wanted adepartment store; in Frankfurt, because it was on theborder between the Catholic and Protestant belts, theywanted a Catholic church, and so voted; in Mainz therewas to be the annual carnival the following February, andthey wanted a hall for it. They traded wine for steel beamsto build the hall. If Chicago were bombed, and we wereasked to vote what should be restored first, what would wechoose? Marshall Field's, the Art Institute, Comiskey Park?Or would we say, let us alone to build what we can manage,each of us by ourselves?Love for a city— maybe the easy way out is to follow thenovelists. Wherever love is— and that means for the particular girl— there is the beautiful city. There the towersstand enchanted, there the street fights fold and shield, onlytwo among the millions, all alone, in love. That is thebeautiful city, whichever one it be.Let us get at this question of Ethos another way. Citiestoday in this country have almost insoluble problems. Theyare being drained away to the suburbs, which are not undertheir jurisdiction. Within another decade eighty per centof the population of the United States will live in metropolitan areas, but the main city itself cannot get financialsupport from all those millions. It is left with the problem4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE0f supporting the abandoned multitudes who must staywithin its limits, the slum dwellers, the helpless, the poor,the juvenile delinquents, the aged. The modern city simplyhasn't money enough to keep up with the normal increasingcosts of fire protection, police protection, and of teachersfor its schools. It has, under our outmoded state constitutions, no means of raising the money it needs. It has onlysales and property taxes to depend upon, which are notenough. It is easy to say that, if the city were cleanerpolitically, if we didn't have aldermen manipulating mattersin their own wards to their political advantage, if we didn'thave an unacknowledged but apparently still existing connection between organized crime and politics, if we had—in short— an ideal city government— seldom obtainable in ademocracy— then our city problems would be solved. Thatis not true. The mischief of the tremendous disintegratingcity would still remain. Chicago has done as much as anycity can to solve this question by focusing attention uponthe Loop. It has built expressways, and garages; it has nothad the power to continue cheap suburban means of transportation.Intelligent city planning— and city planning is essential-becomes impossible under these conditions. At the momentthe city needs Federal aid more than do the farmers. Perhaps the only solution in the long run is that every metropolitan community become a State of the Federal Union.The State of Chicago, running from Lake Forest to Gary,and as far inland as future population growth would appearto warrant, would carry a weight in Congress it does notcarry today. There would then be possibilities of intelligentconsideration of the entire metropolitan city problem.In the meantime the swollen, sullen multitudes continueto descend upon the city. It is obvious why they come. Agood living, or a better living than they have had, can bemade here. "Oh, sure, I like Chicago. I do all right here."There are, says Sir George Clark, three attitudes of mindto be found in a city. First are those who are active in thecity's behalf. They feel responsibility for it; consciouslythey serve its administrative, business, and cultural life.They are the decision makers and the artists, writers, thinkers and educators who strive to make their wares availableto all. Next come the people who participate much lessactively but still feel a pride and joy in their citizenship.The fortunes of the city depend upon the relationship ofthese two groups to a third; those who merely live in, butnot for or by, the city and who turn to their own privategain or loss whatever the city proffers to them. The test ofcity planning in the future is whether it can convert thethird group to the convictions of the other two. And suchcity planning somehow means an ease of transportation,airports, shops, theatres, hotels, law enforcement, city administration—all these things, so well built and arrangedand planned and carried out that the city comes to besomething stable in the modern whirlpool. The Mayor'scommittee is making great strides towards the accomplishment of this ideal, but the ideal is still far and away in thefuture.The spirit of Chicago. What is it? Native Chicagoansare not as trustworthy on this judgment as foreigners. Wehave in the Newberry the travel accounts of almost everyforeigner who ever visited Chicago and wrote a book aboutit. I'll give you a few. Sienkiewicz, the Polish author ofQuo Vadis, came here a few years after the fire. It's a port,he says, in the middle of the continent. It unites NewYork with the West. It's a city built by giants for giants.It's a fantastic premonition of what 20th century cities areto be. It's got innovations unknown elsewhere, like telegraph poles. The vitality and incredible energy of its inhabitants, who all look to tomorrow. And here is a German SPEAKING OFTHE CITY . . .When a villager came to the city, he ceased to be aman among men; he became a specialist among specialists . . . To offset this, the city created a sort ofsuper-personality, visible in the city's god or its ruler,who brought all parts together and, in return for theirsacrifice of wholeness and the simple forms of villagedemocracy, gave them a share in vast public worksno village could ever have dreamed of, much lesscarried out.In the old days the mark of a city was a temple, amanmade mountain that rose in a green agriculturalsea . . . The old form of the city has disappeared oris fast disappearing. And the new formlessness is nota city; indeed, it is almost an anti-city, which threatens, like anti-matter, to destroy all the forms andindividualities it encounters.LEWIS MUMFORDTHE OPENING ADDRESS, CONFERENCE ONURBANIZATION AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT INANCIENT NEAR EAST. ORIENTAL INSTITUTE,UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO; DECEMBER, 1958In each of the major urban centers the story is thesame: the better-off white families are moving out ofthe central cities into the suburbs; the ranks of thepoor who remain are being swelled by Negroesfrom the South. This trend threatens to transformthe cities into slums, largely inhabited by Negroesringed about with predominantly white suburbs. The"racial problem" of the U.S., still festering in therural South, will become equally, perhaps mostacutely, a problem of the urban North.MORTON GRODZINS; PROFESSOR, POLITICALSCIENCE. "METROPOLITAN SEGREGATION,"SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN; OCTOBER, 1957Budget allocations for urban renewal are, of course,political questions, but the future of American civilization and democracy had better also be debated . . .A two year program involving federal funds in theaggregate sum of $640,000,000 in order to attackthe urban renewal problems of the United States (asum of money, incidentally somewhat smaller thanthe amount made available for the support of potatoprices) , cannot begin to dent the problem. Moreovera governmental program directed toward the renewaland revival of our urban centers cannot be postulatedon the basis of a two year program.JULIAN LEVI, DIRECTOR, SOUTH EAST CHICAGOCOMMISSION. "CRISIS OF OUR CITIES," CHICAGOSUN-TIMES; JANUARY 31, 1960MARCH, 1960 5in 1931 prophesying that in 1960 Chicago will have 9million people, will be the center of the world for certainindustries and the business center of the United States. Itwill have 20 acres of park for every 1 000 people, and, sincecivilization has moved from Athens to Rome to Paris toLondon to New York to Chicago, it will be the center—"mittelpunkt"— of the migration of peoples. "Bevolkerung".I have been asking foreign visitors in Chicago, whoknow something of the city, what they think its spirit is.Says one: "Three American cities are known on the continent: Chicago, Hollywood and San Francisco. They sayin London that Chicago is known for only two things:Poetry Magazine and gangsters." And another definesEthos as what its people do after the business of earninga livelihood is over for the day. I don't know what theydo; neither do you. I know only that we are not producingso very much creatively. We were the natural center inthe country for TV; we missed out on it. Most voting writers of merit succumb to the lure of the East, to its monevand its opportunities. What do people do in their sparetime? How many are doing creative things, which in theold American dream was what the individual would bedoing after he was released from the tiresome drudgeryof barely making enough to keep his head above water?And finally here is a visitor who says: "Don't be modestin this business of Ethos. Where is there anywhere in theworld, or anywhere in past of the world, a second city whichcan compare with Chicago? New .York is first, we mustadmit. But, you have a university, he says, which has probablymore intellectual ferment in it than any university in theworld. In the university rankings, he savs, it is fourth orfifth; I would put it after Harvard, which is far and awaythe greatest university in the country. But who comes reallysecond? Chicago stands there with Yale and Columbia andCalifornia. Where can you find a second city anywherewith an art gallery like yours? Or your Museums, Opera.You have everything a great city should have— the thingsthat you proudly show visitors— and vou must hang on tothem all at whatever cost.Old time Chicagoans may disagree with this enthusiasticjudgment. They will say that Chicago moves in spurts, andthat that is one of the characteristics of our spirit. We areslow to move, so slow that sometimes we miss the opportunity and the need. It must be drummed into our headsthat this year, say, it is Roosevelt University, a fine institution deserving of support, which needs money. Andmeanwhile the University of Illinois, supported in largemeasure by funds from the Chicago area, plans to moveinto an area where it is not really needed. Our city universities have sufficient potential growth to take care of anincreasing number of students. The building and maintenance of a new university will be a heavy drain on stateresources. Nobody, as far as I know, has raised this basicobjection to the University of Illinois plans.My effort has now come to an end. I have given youmany opinions about the spirit of cities, and of Chicagoin particular. We are young, so bold and yet so cautious,less sophisticated than New York, rougher but not as hard(Chicago has few libel suits in comparison with New York),an appealing city, a friendly city (all my foreign friendssay that), and a city which, somehow representing moreof America's diversities than any other metropolis, has anunbounded future. We are now in direct touch with saltwater, which has always broadened men's horizons, but,like Paris and Rome, not too closely in touch. The spiritof a city is an unspoken compact between the dead, theliving and the yet unborn. If we can keep and build onwhat we have and are going to have, our children's children will yield to no city in pride of place. Looking North on Michigan from the RivetThis article was derived from the final programof "Know Your Chicago," sponsored by TheWomen's College Board and The DowntownCenter of the University of Chicago. The fiveprograms in the series included lectures andfield trips on and about Chicago.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAre Russ Succeeding in "Burying" Us?Do We Trail Russ in Arms Race?Can Russ Top U. S. in Education?SOVIET, U. S. STRENGTHS COMPAREDIn a series of three features, the Chicago DailyNews presented highlights of a tape-recorded interview its staff members had had with six University of Chicago faculty members this January.The faculty are: Dr. Paul C. Hodges, professoremeritus of radiology, recently returned from anextensive tour of Russia. Chauncey Harris, deanof social sciences and professor of geography, anexpert on the growth and function of Russiancities, industrial resources and agricultural programs. D. Gale Johnson, professor of agriculturaleconomics, one of 12 Americans who touredRussia under U.S. government sponsorship. Everett C. Olson, chairman of zoology, expert on evolution. And Robert Osgood, associate professor ofpolitical sciences and research associate at Centerfor Study of American, Foreign and MilitaryPolicy. The following is excerpted from the News.Dr. Hodges, can you fell us something about medicalresearch and health programs in Russia?HODGES: I saw research going on in the First Medical Institute in Leningrad under Prof. Ugloff. Studentsurgeons were doing the sort of dog surgery, heart andlung surgery that you would see at any good department of surgery in the United States.Older men were doing similar operations on patients.I found them all extremely modest, well informedabout what is going on elsewhere in the world andnot at all boastful.I saw research going on in a rather unique eyeinstitute in Odessa. I doubt whether anywhere in theworld one could see as many patients who have successful corneal transplants as we saw in a few hoursthere.Any ophthalmic surgeon there who needs a corneasimply goes to the nearest undertaker and gets any eyethat happens to be there at the time, without theconsent or even the knowledge of relatives.How would you compare the health of the Russian andthe American people?HODGES: Russians freely admit that at a given agethey are considerably older biologically than we apparently are. They age earlier. They marvel when theyMarch, i960 see American men and women in their 70s and 80stouring in Russia.I have assumed that this was simply due to the factthat in Russia life has been hard for a long time andthat hard work wears people out. In that one respect,they are not as well off as we are.In the matter of medical care, I think experienceshows that when the average Russian needs medicalassistance, he has only to ask for it and it is availableto him.They make a great deal of the fact that they neverhave to wonder how they are going to afford medicalcare.Would you evaluate the medical care they receive?HODGES: Wherever I saw it, it was good. TheRussian doctors are critical of it only to the extent thatin the less populated areas they are distressed withthe distance the patients may have to be taken formajor surgery.By our standards, the wards are crowded, the foodis coarse, but I doubt that the crowding or the food inthe hospitals is any worse than it is in the homes.It's silly for us to judge these by our standards.Above everything else, there is a spirit of friendlinessin the Russian hospitals.We appear to be moving steadily toward a moresocialized form of medicine in this country. Should westep up our pace to meet the Russian competition?HODGES: We do much better to move slowly. Isaw nothing in Russian medicine that made my mouthwater. I think that all the physicians we saw wouldhave been very happy to trade working conditions andworking places with us.Does a man have to be a Communist party memberto direct research activity there?HODGES: We didn't feel like embarrassing our hostsby asking them. I am told that the students who cometo us in this country are members of the party andthat intourist guides are members of the party.HARRIS: May I contradict this? Some of the students are members and some are not, and the samegoes for guides. It requires enormous effort to becomea member of the party. Many are not prepared todevote that much time to political affairs.There is a considerable difference by fields. Forexample, in the faculties of the social sciences, nine-tenths of the staffs of universities are members of theparty, whereas in the physical sciences it's only one-fourth.Do you think, Dean Harris, that because a scientist isa member of the party it makes him more competitivewith the United States — more desirous of "burying"us in his particular field?HARRIS: Oh, probably in that he would try -to follow the party line.Would it make him a better scientist?HARRIS: It might make him a poorer scientist. However, any intense motivation, be it nationalistic, idealistic, religious or personal, may drive a man to greaterachievements.Does this require comparing, of morale among Ameri-can and Soviet scientists?HARRIS: In the Soviet Union, there is an attempt toimprove morale and to motivate people by a senseof urgency and national pride.The desire to achieve, the sense that they mustachieve for the honor of their people, is quite an important factor.ANDERSON: There are big incentives. The richestguys in the Soviet Union are the physicists. The scientist is in the highest echelon of respect and well-beingin terms of the goods of life.What motivates an American scientist?ANDERSON: I think he is motivated mainly by theintellectual challenge he is offered, the chance to makea discovery or do something new.Isn't that a better kind of motivation for productivity?ANDERSON: I wouldn't be a bit surprised. I amdubious that in the long run their system will pay offas well as ours.Returning to the question of research, how well doesthe Soviet government finance it?HARRIS: In order to improve production, the Sovietgovernment as a matter of policy invests very largesums in education and research. Research is not asheer intellectual delight. Research is a productiveinvestment. I have observed, the budgets are verygenerous.The Institute of Geography at the Academy ofScience has 300 full-time senior research workers.There is not a comparable research institute in thisfield anywhere else in the world.How about agricultural research?JOHNSON: From what I saw four years ago, agricultural research on the whole would not comparefavorably with what we have, by a long way.It did not seem to be very well supported. Thefacilities were quite inadequate. The methods used were far behind those used in the United States orWestern Europe.Is there anything that gives them flexibility in keyareas of research?HARRIS: They have both greater and less flexibilitythan the United States. They have greater in the sensethat if an area like rocketry demands sudden greatinvestments of manpower and capital, by a centralplanned decision they can divert these on the highestpriority quickly and flexibly.On the other hand, they have less flexibility in thattheir scientific programs tend to be planned a year ortwo in advance and the scientist is supposed to achieveascertain end that is stated in the plan.In America, if we see a promising new lead, weshift very quickly to wherever our curiosity leads us.In the Soviet Union, one may be inclined to say: "Well,we must finish this plan, then we must think aboutthat a little later."How did the Russians come to build the world's biggestatom smasher?ANDERSON: They had clearly resolved to get thebiggest machine at the earliest possible time. Thequickest way to do this was to take an American version known to be operating and to copy it, but makeit bigger.We wouldn't build a machine that way because wehaven't the money.Are there other signs of their copying us?ANDERSON: We found the same thing in labs.Often the designs were the same as ours. Whereverthey wanted something in a hurry, they copied.OLSON: They were smart enough to take what wasavailable and use it well. This is one reason they'vebeen able to progress so rapidly.Yet they are doing basic research at the same time?OLSON: Yes, but they're using copies of existinginstruments. In mineralogical laboratories I saw thiscontinually.How are they able to come up with more money thanwe to achieve certain ends?ANDERSON: Just a matter of allocating the funds.You start out with people who aren't used to havingmuch.You only have to contrast the Gum department storein Moscow and Marshall Field & Company to seewhere the money is going. It's going into research andtechnological development.Apart from rockets, missiles and nuclear energy, hastheir research been productive in catching up withAmerican methods — in iron and steel, metalworking,business activities?HARRIS: In iron and steel, the Soviets have shownconsiderable progress in dealing with low-grade ironore, of which they have very large reserves.As you run a box score and take the various subjects,say physics and geology and go right down the line,wouldn't we come out with a pretty good battingaverage?ANDERSON: I don't think anybody has any doubtincluding the Russians themselves, that our present8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEposition in science in general is superior to theirs.They're trying to reach us still.Every Russian physicist worth his salt speaks English, a tacit admission that if they want to be up todate, thev must read the American Physical Review.Why our concern, if we have this solid foundation?ANDERSON: Their gain is faster than ours.OSGOOD: I'm not sure I agree that every advanceof the Soviet Union is to our disadvantage.ANDERSON: I didn't make that statement. Scienceis competitive. It doesn't mean that a scientific advancein the Soviet Union acts to our disadvantage; it mighteven add to our advantage.We're beginning to translate the Russian journalsbecause important information is appearing in them.This already- indicates that American science has recognized the advance of Russian science.OSGOOD: It also indicates that some of their advances could be to our advantage.Turning to the much-discussed subject of education,is there anything about the Russian system that wemight envy or borrow?HARRIS: I would say the state's taking broad financial responsibility for the support of education as amajor governmental activity.JOHNSON: The main place in which Soviet education has paid off, and where the emphasis has beenimportant, has been at the elementary and secondarylevel. They have, I think, practically wiped out illiteracyfor everyone under 40, by strengthening the elementaryand secondary schools.This has been a major factor in the great rise inproduction. They turned a peasant population into apopulation qualified for industrial work.Does the average Russian child get more schoolingthan the average American child?JOHNSON: No, I don't think so.More intensive schooling?HARRIS: Yes. He devotes less attention to extracurricular activities and to what we sometimes callfringe activities in school.A statement is often made in this country that as theRussian improves his standard of living, as the schoolsystems are augmented, and the Russian has a betterunderstanding of world affairs, that therein lies theseed of the Russian downfall.HARRIS: This is both a hope and a danger. Education does not necessarily make a person more independent. A good part of Soviet education gives aparticular set of viewpoints towards the world.Then how do you get this creativity that they seemto be achieving?HARRIS: This probably is in a relatively smallproportion of the population. Onlv 3 per cent of theuniversity undergraduates go to graduate work. Ingraduate work, thev begin to select for creativity andoriginality.JOHNSON: The areas in which they have shownthe greatest creativity are those in which any conflictwith the Communist interpretation of life is the smallest.MARCH, 1960 Paul C. HodgesHerbert L. Anderson9Robert OsgoodEverett C. OlsonD. Gale Johnson10 Assuming that their figures are correct, and that theirrate of growth continues, where eventually will thisplace us in relation to them?HARRIS: If the Soviet Union were to continue to puta large proportion of its effort into coal and steel, andif we were to continue to put our efforts into a varietyof activities, they would eventually surpass us in bothcoal and steel production and, because of the longAmerican steel strike, thev mav have begun to challenge us in steel production.In a political atmosphere such as theirs, how cancreativity flourish?OLSON: My experience has been that this attitude,if It is political, does not filter into the thinking at theeducational level. The scientists there are precisely aswe are, interested in what thev're doing at the timeand without politics at all.Don't you think that our system fosters more creativity?HARRIS: We like to hope that it fosters it.Could Khrushchev's intimation that we shall "bury"you come true in education?HARRIS: If we are complacent, if we think whatwas adequate for our grandparents is adequate fortoday, the Soviets would "bury" us. Or if we thinkthat what is adequate for today will be adequate for30 years from now, thev would likely catch up to andsurpass us.Is it reasonable to expect any one country to remainahead in all fields?HARRIS: In terms of education, we need to distinguish two different aspects. At the elementary andsecondary level, they are approaching our general leveland for their purposes, their education is perhaps better than ours. But for our purposes, our education isbetter.One can't compare them, because they're for somewhat different purposes. Thev are training workers andproductive members of society. We emphasize somewhat more the training for individual fulfillment, forexample, or for independence and enjoyment.Now, at the more advanced level, at the universityand research level, I think it is unreasonable to expectthat either country could maintain a superiority in allfields. Each one has enough resources so that eachought to have superioritv in some field.Can we take up the question of production? We aretold the Soviet economy is increasing at the rate of9 per cent a year while ours is increasing at the rateof about 3 per cent. If that pace continues, sometimein the 1970s or probably later, they will have reachedour level.JOHNSON: If you accept these two assumptions,there will come a time when their output will exceedours. There is a question whether they can maintainas high a rate of industrial growth as they have inrecent years.And their large rate of growth is due to the factthat they are willing to do something which I think weare basically unwilling to do and I would doubt whether, given our values, we should do.They are willing to take a large proportion of thisyear's output and invest it in increased output in yearsahead.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEgut there are many other factors in the economicpicture.If things continue as at present, what will happen?ANDERSON: What usually happens. There is muchmore drive and determination when you are trying tocatch up than when you're already on top.Would you conclude, then, that it is necessary for theUnited States to increase its rate of economic expan-sion?^JOHNSON: This is an issue to which the Americanpeooie need to give serious consideration. Whether ornot the Russians actually overtake us by 1970 or 1975isn't terribly important.If they come within three-fourth of two-thirds of usin per capita output, this will be an important factorin the world situation, militarily and in terms of thekind of appeal the Russians will hold out to otherparts of the world.Should we adopt the policy to raise our steel production from 147 million tons just to stay ahead of theRussians?JOHNSON: No, it's not necessary that we stay aheadin steel production. Steel production, after all, as apercentage of the national output is relatively small.It is really the question of how much we want toinvest out of current earnings for the future.What about Soviet plans to use increased production?JOHNSON: I think they are likely to go in severaldirections. One, I think there will be an honest effortto increase consumption at home.But nothing will be done at the expense of the military,they will take that right off the top?JOHNSON: There is some real possibility that therelative share of the military might decline, even thoughthe absolute amount might increase over time.The Russians say that the American economy is boundto have depressions and of course that will play animportant role in this competition. What is the thinkingon that?JOHNSON: It's likely that we will continue to havedips, so to speak, in our economic activity, such as wehad in 1948-49, or 1953-54 or 1957-58.The likelihood of anything like the '30s again is very,very small.Well, is the fact that Russia is catching up to what weconsider a, normal standard something to be fearedor welcomed?HARRIS: Improvement of a standard of living inany part of the world should be welcomed by anyperson who has human welfare at heart.We can't consider that then, in the context of onenation "burying" another. But could someone bringthis matter of production rivalry into focus?HARRIS: If the American economy stagnated, theSoviet Union would ultimately "bury" us. One of thereal problems is the relative appeal of our system andtheir system for popular support. In their internal propaganda, they emphasize how insecure life is in thecapitalist world. When I was in Moscow, they said it must be terribleto be unemployed. "We don't have unemployment. Wedon't have to worry." It's a sense of having security andcare which by internal propaganda, by education, theytend to build into the system as important values inwhich they feel they exceed us.Could you evaluate our strengths?HARRIS: We emphasize the value of freedom. Wedon't like to be assigned to our jobs. We don't like tohave a paternalistic, even if a wise government tells uswhat we should do.The Soviets have built up one set of values andwe've built up a different set.For their set of values, the system gives certainsatisfactions which our system wouldn't. For our setof values, our system gives satisfactions which theSoviet wouldn't.Each society has built up internal support for thevalues which it emphasizes.What are the areas in which Russia's advances becomean important element in the cold war?OSGOOD: It's not clear that our own scientificadvances should be determined directly as a reflex ofSoviet advances, but rather according to our own purposes.But in the area of military technology, we are in themost direct competition and that, I think, has thegreater urgency in the short run.ANDERSON: Don't you agree that besides the military, there are other fields which in some ways havecomparable importance?If the Soviet economic improvement becomes important enough, they could take away our markets.They could compete with us in every area.Unless American national policy rises to the challenge in each of these fields of human endeavor, they'lldo it.OSGOOD: Regardless of their motivation, it will payoff if they can allocate and centralize sufficient resourcesto the areas of national power that are decisive.It may be that they lag in basic research and motivation, but that won't make any difference if they continue at the present rate of advance in military technology.What do you see happening?OSGOOD: We won't have a chance to see theresults of long-term competition if we don't preservea certain relative disposition of military power to defend our vital interests.And I think it is extremely dubious that we willsucceed, at the present moment.ANDERSON: I attack this point of view. I don'tthink that the military position is all-important. It'svery important to match and, if possible, keep aheadof the Soviet position in the military.But that in itself is not sufficient. It has to be doneall across the board.OSGOOD: The short term may be decisive, is mypoint.ANDERSON: This country has, on several occasions,been faced with the danger that over-exuberant enthusiasm for military preparedness has brought thecountry to the brink of economic disaster, or could.Military preparation is so wasteful of economic andnatural resources, the people, goods and productivity,MARCH, 1960 11that you have to be exceedingly careful. The defenseeffort absorbs a not negligible part of the nationalproductivity.OSGOOD: Defense is financially extravagant andimpinges, in some respects adversely, \upon every otheraspect of national life. But it's indispensable. It's thepre-condition for anything else that we protect ourvital interests.ANDERSON: We have to maintain our militaryposition, but I do want to point out the dangers ofoverdoing it.OSGOOD: You evidently disagree with my assumption that we are not maintaining our military position.ANDERSON: I don't consider that the Americanmilitary position is inferior to the Russian.OSGOOD: I'm quite sure of it. I don't think it's aquestion of literally matching Soviet military power inevery realm, or keeping ahead of them in the sensethat if they create so many ICBM's you have to createso many.The purposes that our military power serves are notidentical to the purposes that Soviet military powerserves.What constitutes deterrence for us is based upona complex of factors that are not the same as whatconstitutes the Soviet ability to support its quite different political objectives with military power.I think we are falling behind rapidly and dangerously in the sense that we are losing our ability todeter aggression and to meet it without blowing upthe world if we fail to deter it.In the competition between the two worlds, are weequipped to win or to maintain our way of life? Willthey bury us?HARRIS: In certain types of competition, they mayturn out to be a much more efficient producer in ratioto effort. What is unclear is whether under individualism we tap certain reservoirs of human creativity whichare untapped in the Soviet system. This may providea margin for superiority.I think the answer to that question cannot be definite.We don't know. Only time can tell. There are someevidences on each side of it.You have stipulated certain areas that possibly areaiming to threaten us and you have stipulated othersin which it is unlikely they are going to catch up in along, long time.JOHNSON: If you want to take the area of consumer goods, they're catching up with us on a per capitalevel, but it's so far in the future its not too importantat the moment.But if you're speaking primarily of heavy industry,this is not so far in the future that we should be unconcerned.ANDERSON: I think the Russians will make a greattry to reach and surpass us in research. But I believein the fundamental good sense of the American peoplethat we scientists will be supported and supplied withthe means and stimulation to help us maintain ourposition on top.OLSON: In education, it is often overlooked that.Russia is only now starting to attain a situation wehave had for many years, complete literacy. They arequite a way behind us except in the very high centers.However, I believe that in sheer factual education,before too long, they will equal and in some cases willbe superior to us. Wandering scholarsEight universities including the University of Chicago have announced acooperative program that revives thetradition of the "wandering scholar,"Under the program the participatingschools will pool their faculty and research facilities for students of Italianliterature. Candidates will work, forone year each, at any three of theparticipating universities he selects.The schools are Chicago, CornellUniversity, Indiana University, the University of Michigan, Northwestern University, the University of Pennsylvania,Syracuse University, and Tulane University.Bernard Weinberg, professor andchairman of the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures atChicago, originated and developed theprogram. Mr. Weinberg claims thatthe great cultural activity in post-warItaly has stimulated widespread interest in Italian literature, but that research and teaching facilities have notkept up with these advances. Fewinstitutions are in a position to offerthe specialized studies necessary tosound scholarship."The distinguished professors of Italian languages and literature are scattered throughout the country today.The situation is much the same as itwas centuries ago when Europeanstudents would have to roam from oneuniversity to another to complete theireducation in certain studies. Our program will make it possible for studentsto come in contact with the best mindsin the field."The Inter-University Program placesthe Ph.D. candidate in three differentinstitutions over as many years andprovides a more complete and diversified program in Italian studies thanwould be possible at any one university," according to Mr. Weinberg.The degree will be granted by theinstitution under whose guidance thestudent writes his dissertation.Chancellor is Carnegie trusteeChancellor Lawrence A. Kimpton hasbeen named a trustee of the Carnegie12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESFoundation for the Advancement ofTeaching, it was announced this December. Two other trustees elected toserve with him on the 25-member boardare Robert F. Goheen, president ofPrinceton university, and Katherine E.McBride, president of Bryn Mawrcollege.The new trustees were elected atthe Foundation's annual meeting, atwhich the members of the board, mostof them college and university presidents, discussed the role of Americanhigher education in international affairs.Carter Davidson, president of Unioncollege and chancellor of Union university, will be chairman of the boardfor the coming year; William V.Houston, president of Rice institute,will serve as vice chairman.The Carnegie foundation was foundedin 1906 by the late Andrew Carnegiefor the primary purpose of providingpensions for retired college teachersand their widows.Seek Carlson lectureshipFollowing the death of Dr. Anton J.Carlson, Frank P. Hixon, DistinguishedService professor, and chairman of thedepartment of physiology, hope wasexpressed by many members of theFaculty that some suitable means befound to commemorate his name. Thesuggestion most favorably received wasthe establishment* in perpetuity, of adistinguished lectureship bearing hisname.Concerted efforts to establish anAnton J. Carlson lectureship have nowbeen announced by Dr. Dwight J.Ingle, chairman of the department ofphysiology.Dr. Lester Dragstedt, in an obituaryof Dr. Carlson, wrote: "His gifts forkeen analysis, his ready wit and pungent criticisms so often displayed atscientific meetings, gave him anacknowledged place of leadership inbiological and medical societies. It isprobable that no man in America notengaged in clinical practice had sogreat an effect on medicine . . . Scientist, philosopher, teacher and humanist, A. J. Carlson made a great con tribution to his adopted country, hisUniversity, his fellow-scientists, and tothe medical profession."The University action on NDEAAs the Magazine went to press inthe February issue, we received noticethat the University board of trusteeshad voted to oppose the affidavit ofdisbelief that must be taken by studentsasking for loans under the 1958 National Defense Education Act. Theboard announced that the Universitywould pull out of the loan program atthe end of the academic year in Juneif Congress does not change the law.The background on this action isas follows:Each student borrower from a National Defense Student Loan Fundmust execute both the affidavit andthe oath as established by Section 1001(f) of the National Defense Education Act.The Oath of Allegiance which wasnot opposed by the board, reads:"I, (name), do solemnly swear (oraffirm) that I will bear true faith andallegiance to the United States of America and will support and defend theConstitution and laws of the UnitedStates of America against all itsenemies, foreign and domestic."In addition, however, a student mustsign the following affidavit of disbeliefto qualify for a federally-approvedloan:"I, (name), do solemnly swear (oraffirm) that I do not believe in, andam not a member of and do not supportany organization that believes in orteaches, the overthrow of the UnitedStates Government by force or violence or by any illegal or unconstitutional methods."President Eisenhower in a news conference December 2, 1959, said thatthe oath of allegiance was "sufficient"and he indicated that he would favorrepeal of the affidavit of disbelief.Arthur S. Flemming, secretary of theU.S. Department of Health, Educationand Welfare, and leaders of educationalinstitutions and organizations^ havecalled for elimination of the affidavitfrom the act. Among major reasons cited in opposition to the affidavit of disbelief are:1. It is superfluous. The oath ofallegiance adequately serves the national interest.2. It is philosophically dangerous.The controversial affidavit constitutesan affront to, if not an actual governmental invasion of, freedom of privateand individual belief and conscience.as a kind of test-oath substituting animplied threat of coercion for persuasion in the realm of ideas, it seemscounter to the philosophical principleson which our national strength wasbuilt.3. As a security measure, it is useless. History has shown that personswho might damage the national interest in utilizing the act would havelittle hesitation in signing the controversial affidavit. In addition, enemiesof the state can evade the provisioneasily— by obtaining economic supportfrom other organizations.4. It is legally unworkable. The controversial affidavit makes it difficult forstudents to know what the disclaimercovers or to defend themselves againstpossible prosecutions for perjury. Thelanguage is so vague and the intentso hazy that the affidavit is impossibleto enforce without discarding Americanprinciples of law.5. It is un-democratic. The controversial affidavit must be signed only bystudents— among all Americans. Andamong students, it singles out only thefinancially poorest for special distrust.In contrast, wealthy students would notneed sacrifice any principles for theireducations.6. It is academically unwise. Thecontroversial affidavit with its impliedthreat of coercion disturbs the basicassumptions on which American education must rest.7. It is morally degrading. Theaffidavit cheapens the concept of national loyalty by associating it with afinancial transaction and displays alack of confidence in the positivestrengths of American tradition andlife.8. It jeopardizes traditional academicMARCH, 1960 13freedom. The affidavit requirementmay be used as a precedent for imposing federal state and local controlson research and education as a condition of financial aid.9. It injures American's statureabroad. The United States today isthe world leader in military, politicaland economic affairs, but millions ofpersons throughout the world look tothis nation for intellectual and moralleadership as well. An affidavit of disbelief is something associated primarilywith totalitarian states.The University of Chicago began totake part in the National Defense Education Act loan program in the Springof 1959. However, very few loans wereprocessed in that period because it waslate in the academic year and moststudents already had made their financial plans.In the present academic-fiscal year(starting about July 1, 1959), 333 students have received loans totaling$229,736.00 under the program at theUniversity of Chicago. Each studenthas signed both the oath of allegianceand the affidavit of disbelief. The average student loan at the University ofChicago this year has been $688.00.G. Richard Hopwood, financial aiddirector at the University of Chicago,says that most of the borrowers weremale students. The student-borrowerswere divided about equally betweengraduate and undergraduate students.The extremely liberal financial termsand repayment plan have made thefederal plan popular among students,Mr. Hopwood reports. Principal andthree per cent interest repayment beginone full year after the student borrowerceases to be a full-time student. Therealso is up to 50 per cent forgiveness ifthe student becomes a public schoolteacher.The University has loaned more than$100,000 during the academic year toother students from its regular funds.Under this program students need notsign either an affadavit of disbelief oran oath of allegiance to obtain loans.Out of the shadowsPhilosophy professor Richard McKeon, known for the high standardshe sets in his classes, recently was congratulating a student on the excellentresponse he had given to a question.Came a voice from the back of theroom, "You may now go to the headof the cave!"Predicts downward trendProfessor Ezra Solomon of the Graduate School of Business predicted this January that strong "downward jolts"that would set off at least three recessions in the American economy between 1960 and 1970. The professorof finance, whose economic forecastshave proved accurate for the past sevenyears, said the recessions would bemild. Nothing like the depressions ofthe 1930's is in sight.In the past seven years, his forecasts have been centered on the GrossNational Product— the over-all barometer of the national economic health.In 1956, he predicted that at the timeof the next presidential election, theGross National Product would be inthe 500 billion dollar range. Mr. Solomon said many economists scoffed athim, but it now appears by the endof 1960 he will be proved correct.Mr. Solomon is the chief author ofthe definitive volume of the Chicagoregional economy entitled, Metropolitan Chicago, An Economic Analysis,which the Free Press of Glencoe, Illinois, published last week.In his forecasts, Mr. Solomon predicted:1. ". . . that the economy will experience at least three downward jolts inthe coming decade and that these willbe stronger initially than the three weexperienced in the past ten years."2. ". . . the chances are high thateven with the stronger initiating disturbances I foresee, recessions will generally tend to be milder in the sixtiesthan the one we experienced last year."3. ". . . It is impossible to foreseeany decline in the future of the magnitude of those depressions we saw inthe 1930's— regardless of how powerful the initiating forces might be— andI include the possibility of a switchto total peace."He said that the effort to combatinflation should center on at least twomain efforts:1. cut down on government spending,starting with the huge sums spent onthe farm support program.2. apply the benefits of modern technological improvements and productionefficiency to the increasingly expanding want for more and better "education, medicine, baby sitters and houses"and similar services and professionalneeds.Microbiology appointmentJames W. Moulder has been appointed chairman of the department ofmicrobiology to succeed William D.Taliaferro, who retires as the EliakimHastings Moore Distinguished ServiceProfessor as well as chairman of thedepartment of microbiology. Professor of microbiology since 1957,Mr. Moulder has been a member of thefaculty of the University since 1944.He is an authority on chemical mechanisms in the field of infectious diseases and is the author of many articleson this subject. He is also joint editorof the Journal of Infectious Diseasespublished by the University of ChicagoPress. A member of the AmericanSociety of Biological Chemists, the Society of American Bacteriologists andthe American Academy of Microbiology,Mr. Moulder received his S.B. degreein 1941 and his Ph.D. in 1944, bothfrom Chicago. He held Guggenheimand Fulbright fellowships to OxfordUniversity, England, in 1952-53.New Nations studyThe Carnegie Corporation of NewYork has granted $350,000 to the University Committee for the Comparative Study of New Nations. The grantsupports research and a five-year program of graduate training with its focuson the problems of new nations. DavidE. Apter, associate professor in theDepartment of Political Science andsecretary of the Committee, gave thebackground to some of the problemsthe Committee hopes to explore."Seven new nations have emergedon the African continent alone sinceWorld War II (Cameroon, Ghana,Guinea, Libya, Morocco, Sudan andTunisia) and at least five more willachieve independence before the yearis out (Belgian Congo, Mali Federation, Nigeria, Somalia, and Togoland).New nations also have sprung up inAsia, including Burma and Pakistan,and we may expect the trend to continue," according to Mr. Apter."The problem of nation-building formost new nations comes after independence rather than before it. Undersuch circumstances the ordinary conditions of nationhood are at besttenuous. Constitutional frameworks areoften a blueprint for future politicalplans, rather than a token of institutional stability, and processes ofsocial acculturation are carried on ina climate of heavy demands on newgovernments to bring forth the fruitsof independence."New nations share the burdens ofparticipating in the international scenewhile their people are still faced withthe problems of simultaneous transformation in the economic, cultural, andpolitical spheres."The Committee will explore ways inwhich research can aid policy makersin new nations to cope with the difficulties which come with independence.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPHOTOS: ALBERT C. FLORESARTICLE: BOB SMITHSTAFF WRITER: SPORTS, DAILY NEWSSomething toparade,cheer,pipe about THE WINNING STREAKFEB. 19597 MERCHANT MARINE ACADEMY AT CHICAGO .64-5210 ST. PROCOPIUS AT CHICAGO 55-4913 WAYNE STATE AT CHICAGO 65-5217 CHICAGO TEACHERS AT CHICAGO 97-7621 ILLINOIS TECH AT CHICAGO 65-4324 NEW BEDFORD TECH AT CHICAGO 71-4327 CHICAGO AT NAVY PIER 64-49DEC. 19591 LAWRENCE AT CHICAGO 59-575 CHICAGO AT LAKE FOREST 57-558 ST. PROCOPIUS AT CHICAGO 67-4712 CHICAGO AT NAVY PIER 72-4319 RIPON AT CHICAGO 71-6629 CHICAGO VS. UNION AT GALESBURG, ILL 74-5030 ROCHESTER AT CHICAGO 60-53JAN. I9606 CHICAGO AT ILLINOIS TECH 52-469 CARROLL AT CHICAGO 52-4212 CHICAGO TEACHERS AT CHICAGO 78-4216 DENISON AT CHICAGO 58-5319 CHICAGO AT CHICAGO TEACHERS 64-4823 DUBUQUE AT CHICAGO 76-68THE END29 CHICAGO AT WAYNE STATE (DETROIT) 64-60March, i960 15Suddenly theCrowds Started Appearing . .Among theInterestedSpectatorsAlan Simpson and son RupertProf, of History, Dean of CollegeHarold R. MetcalfDean of Students; G&Business SchoolKermit EbyProf, of Social Sciences(watching his son play)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAn unlikely romance was the talk of the Midway campusthis winter.The two participants had been acquainted for manyyears, but had more or less gone their separate ways untilthey discovered each other late in 1959. That's when theUniversity fell in love with basketball.For two decades, since Chicago dropped out of Big 10competition, basketball had been a welcome, but not terriblyinteresting, function of the University's athletic program.During the lean years, the Maroon basketball teams gaveit all they had, but their performances could hardly bete"iied captivating.What suddenly started the big romance? Well, youreally have to put the blame on coach Joe Stampf and hismaroon cagers. They became an almost irresistable suitor.The high-spirited, aggressive Maroons fought their wayto 20 straight victories over the span of two seasons, pickingup more and more admirers along the way.It wasn't only the winning streak. Much of their charmlay in the manner in which they won . . . their constanthustling and hell-bent determination that kept pulling themthrough when defeat seemed certain.Suddenly crowds started appearing at the fieldhouse whenthe Maroons were playing. Students, who in the past alwaysseemed to have something better to do, found themselvesanxiously awaiting the next game.Even the faculty and administration discovered a newfound interest in basketball and began showing up for thegames in large numbers.One of the "interested spectators" seen often in the standswas Alan Simpson, dean of the college."I thoroughly enjoy watching our team," says DeanSimpson. "It's a real pleasure to see such a spirited group.You know, every educator worth his salt would like tode-emphasize collegiate athletics as we have it today. Wedo not have that problem here. I can watch our team winwith a very cheerful conscience."Another basketball fan is John Netherton, dean of stu-deuls, who sees every game he can. "Since the beginningof our winning streak, I have been enjoying basketball more than at any time in my life since I attended high school inIndiana. Our team plays the kind of game I enjoy watching.They are scrapping all the time and they are so well drilledin defense."James Newman, director of student activities, doesn't getto as many games as he would like to, but he still keepsa close eye on the Maroons. "If I'm too busy to see thegame, I can't wait to get the morning paper and find ourscore. I'm delighted with the success they have had. Thisrevival of the team, I feel, is an extension of our fine intramural program," he says.The increase in student attendance at the games has beenremarkable. Athletic director Walter Hass estimates that thisseason's attendance will double last year's. A crowd of2,000 for a Maroon game was unheard of a few years ago."When I came here in 1956," said Hass, "I went to a gameand found 18 other people there. We lost, naturally. Thefirst year I was here, gate receipts for all sports totaled$106. We go over that for one game now."And the crowds are not only showing up . . . they areeven cheering. Bill Spady, one of the basketball cheerleaders, noticed a strange thing this year. "It used to be ajoke when we would go out and try to lead a cheer," he said."Now the spectators seem to want to cheer. Maybe they'vefinally got something to cheer about."Because of the interest in the team, the cheering squadhas been increased from four last vear to seven this year.And they hope to shed their makeshift uniforms for newones soon."We're having some trouble because no one seems toknow the cheers," says Spady. "So all we do is spell outCHICAGO and MAROONS and add a fight-fight or something. We're working on some new cheers now, though,and we will distribute copies of them in the stands."During the winning streak, a strange sight popped up onthe campus. Someone put a sign by the administrationbuilding with these unfamiliar words: "Back the Maroons."The enthusiasm even spread to the intramural basketballprogram that was already thriving. A record number of46 teams were formed this season with nearly 500 boysparticipating. The interest became so great that Hass'*4 jB* * ~ %4f*> tf V U HK1Leon Carnovsky'•' Grad. Library School Mr. & Mrs. John P. NethertonHe's Dean of Students;Assoc. Prof. Spanish Richard G. SternEnglish & Comm. on Gen'lStudies in HumanitiesGeorge L. PlayeDean of Undergraduates;Assoc. Prof. FrenchMarch, i960 17WUCB reports theprogress of the gamesbv radio to the dormitories.had to use even' gym he could get his hands on to keep theboys bus\'. The games are played at Bartlett gvm, thefieldhouse, the University High gvm and the girls' IdaNoyes gym.As the winning streak grew longer and longer, theMaroons began stirring up more attention from the Chicagopapers. Long accustomed to seeing Chicago on the losingend of the score, everyone wondered what had happened?Questions were being raised. Was Chicago buying basketball players? Was the school changing its policy of strictamateurism in sports? Were the Maroons plaving pushoversto achieve a good record?These questions were put to Hass and each one got anemphatic "NO.""If we have any athletic scholarships available, I haven'tbeen able to find them," said Hass. "Several of the bowson the basketball team are here on academic scholarships,but the athletic department had nothing to do with that."18 How did the Maroons suddenly get such a successful teamthen?"The biggest factor has been the gradual change in theCollege, the undergraduate body. The reorganization ofthe College has not only given us more undergraduate stu.dents, but they are a little older and more mature. Untilthis year we were using graduate students in our varsitycompetition," answered Hass.Were the Maroons plaving a pushover schedule?"No," said Hass with a smile. "I think this year's scheduleis the toughest we've had since I've been here. We arescheduling many of the same teams that beat us soundlya few years ago. We try to schedule teams that will offerus even competition. Then we try to add a few teamsstronger than us. Army, Wavne, and Washington Universityof. St. Louis arc on our schedule this year."Hass contributed two other factors to the success of thebasketball team . . . the gradual increase in the school'sathletic budget and the fine work done by coach Stampf."Since I came in 1956, the athletic budget has increasedgradually bv 33 per cent. We were able to repair someequipment and purchase new uniforms for our teams. Wealso made our athletic awards more attractive. I think thishas done a lot to build up the morale of our teams."Hass is unreserved in his admiration for the job Stampf isdoing with the cagers. "After I had known Joe for a fewmonths, I knew I couldn't make a better choice than torecommend him for the job as basketball coach," Hass said."He has a wonderful attitude toward athletics, the kidsrespect him and he knows basketball inside out."Stampf is no stranger to the University alumni. Thosewho were here in the early 40s remember him as one ofthe school's greatest basketball stars. He climaxed a brilliantcareer in 1941 by leading the Big 10 in scoring and beingmentioned on several All-America teams. A lean 6-4,Stampf was one of the top centers and rebounders in thecountry.From 1943 to 1956 he coached at University High andhad outstanding success. His teams won four PrivateLeague championships and two league tournaments.Stampf came to Chicago in 1956 when he was appointedas assistant to Nelson Norgren, then varsity coach. He tookover the team the following year when Norgren retired.Stampf's record at Chicago gets better and better. Duringhis first season as head coach, the team had an 11-7 record.The next vear it was 1 3-6. The team won its first 1 3 gamesthis season.Where did such a fine group of basketball players comefrom? Whv did thev decide to enroll at Chicago? Let'stake a look at some of the regulars and find out.The leader of this year's team is Captain Gary Pearson,a 6-3 senior from Livingston, Montana. Gary was an outstanding football and basketball star in high school, buthe didn't want to go to college strictly as an athlete. Hewanted a good medical school and finally chose Chicago.Gary has plaved four seasons for the Maroons and improved each vear. He has been the leading scorer and re-bounder for the last two seasons and is a starting forward.The other forward is Jerrv Toren, a 6-4 junior from CraneTech in Chicago. Jerrv really has no business being on theteam. He didn't plav basketball in high school and hischief aim at Chicago was to keep his grades high enoughto maintain the academic scholarship he had been awarded.He went out for the B team when he was a freshman and,through work and determination, kept getting better. "Hisdevelopment has been phenomenal," savs coach Stampf.Two 6-4 seniors, Mitchell Watkins and Clarence Woods,share the center position. Watkins is the "old man" of thesquad. He played at Chicago in 1955 and '56 and then wentinto the army for two years. He came out in time to playTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhalf the season last year. Watkins, by the way, played forStampf at University High and led the team to a championship in 1954.Woods is a med student from Hyde Park high in Chicago.He played very little in high school and didn't seem todevelop until his junior year at the University. He had astarting job won this year until he missed two weeks ofpractice to prepare himself for entrance into Northwestern'smedical school when he graduates.Ray Strecker, a 6-2 sophomore guard, is a physics majorand a top student. He went to four different high schools,graduating from Rich in suburban Park Forest. His defensiveability won him a starting job last year as a freshman.Joel Zemans, the other guard, is a 6-3 freshman fromSouth Shore high in Chicago. He was a highly regarded prepplayer and one of the top scorers in the area. He cameto the Midway because his father was a U. of C. graduate.Soph Steve Ullman lost his starting job to Zemans, buthe has been a valuable reserve this season. The 5-9 Ullmanwas a standout at University High and came to Chicagoto study medicine.Now, about the streak. It started quietly enough on Feb.7, 1959 when the Maroons beat the U. S. Merchant MarineAcademy 64-52. They finished off the season by bumpingSt. Procopius, Wayne State, Chicago Teachers, IllinoisTech, New Bedford Tech and Navy Pier. It was a nice, tidyseven-game streak, but no one anticipated what was tocome.The Maroons began this season by edging Lawrence59-57 as Toren scored a surprising 21 points. The streakalmost ended there.Then, Watkins scored the deciding basket as the Maroonsmade it nine in a row with a 57-55 triumph at Lake Forest.St. Procopius, Navy Pier and Ripon were the next threevictims in less nerve-racking victories. A holiday double-header at Knox College saw the Maroons trim Union 74-50.The teams moved up to Chicago the following night, Dec.30, and the Maroons stopped Rochester 60-53 as Pearsontallied 18 points.The streak had hit 14 now and the enthusiasm wasmounting. Illinois Tech, Carroll and Chicago Teachers fellwithout too much trouble. Now it was 17 straight. Italmost ended Jan. 16 at the fieldhouse when Denison (Ohio)caused a lot of trouble before falling 58-53. ChicagoTeachers became the 19th victim, 64-48.Dubuque (Iowa) visited the Maroons Jan. 23 and thestreak hit 20. Chicago won a tough 76-68 decision withPearson scoring 23 points.The Maroons were getting a bit tense by this time and gota welcome laugh at the Dubuque game. Fred Paulsell, a6-5 soph from Seattle, Wash., entered the game in the firsthalf full of fire and spirit. He picked off a rebound cleanly,went back up in the air, and fired the ball into the basket. . . the wrong one. He had mistakenly shot at the Dubuquegoal and two points went up for the visitors."He showed he was a good fundamental player," laughedStampf afterward. "H^ made the basket, didn't he?"Then the end came. The boys journeyed to Detroiton Jan. 29 where they lost a close one to Wayne State 64-60."I didn't think we were getting nervous, but I guess thepressure started piling up," said Stampf. "The boys wereawfully tight in the Wayne game. I still think we had thebetter team."The streak was over. Would the romance die too? Noton your life. Next game for the Maroons was with KnoxFeb. 3. A pep rally and torch parade preceded it and thecheers got even louder than before as the team scored a63-55 victory. The Maroons now had a one game winningstreak and everyone was pulling for number two.End of a love story.MARCH, 1960NOTES FROMTHE EMERITI- 1 'And they came to a land where itwas always afternoon without any deadlines'—that's about how we feel as Emeriti.Douglas Waples— Social SciencesActivities and reflections in the years sinceretirement— listing the year of retirementand department in which served.Fred L. Adair, 1942-Medicine. 1942:editing for Encyclopedia Britannica.1942-3: chief of Division of Infarit andMaternal Health in Illinois Department ofHealth. 1943: Special Nutritional Needs,War Food Administration, Washington,D.C. Busy with chairmanship of AmericanCom. Maternal Welfare and First International and Fourth American Congress onObstetrics and Gynecology, and later, theFifth Congress. Active in development ofInternational Federation of Gynecologyand Obstetrics and Congress in Geneva,Switzerland in 1954. Treasurer of thatorganization, 1954-58. In interval touredto find desirable location for retirement.Located in Maitland, Florida, in 1950.Later served on Planning and Zoning Committee and Town Council. Became lessactive after spells of illness; health goodnow but not active physically to any extent. Major hobby is prose literature written by medical authors, reviewing past lifeas personal and family interest.Ludwig Bachhofer, 1959-Art. Travel;looking for a pleasant place to spend alife of otium cum dignitate, which includeswriting, reading and working in the garden—after having found the place.Mr. Bachhofers current address is inCarmel, California.George G. Bogert, 1949— Law. Since retirement and up until last lune, I havebeen teaching law at the Hastings Collegeof Law in San Francisco. I have alsobeen working part time on my four books,keeping them up to date and bringingout new editions. This includes new editions of my case books on Trusts andSale§ and of my student text on Trusts;also biennial supplements to my 12 volumework on Trusts. I have been spendingmuch of the year on my farm at ThreeOaks, Michigan.Otto F. Bond, 1951— Romance Languages.Still writing. After The Reading Method(U. C. Press, 1953 )] edited two Frenchscientific novels, now out-dated by facts! Just finished editing The Civil War Diariesand Letters: of an Ohio Volunteer. Workat times on a very old project: the biography and letters of a 19th century Frenchliterary regionalist. Accomplished 21,000miles of auto travel in U.S. and Canada inlast three summers. Operate an Albertagrain ranch by remote control, and pesterthe L.B. City Council ( Long Beach, California) re civic planning. Out here, "U.C."doesn't mean what it does to you! I recommend retirement as a way of lifeequalled only by that of the upper zonein the tropical jungle forest.Arthur Gibbon Bovee, 1947 — RomanceLanguages and Laboratory School. Havingattained emeritus status, I was fortunateenough to receive a call to the Universityof Georgia in Athens, Georgia, where Ispent five wonderful years. Now my 51styear in the academic profession finds meteaching at Mead Hall, the parochialschool of St. Thaddeus Episcopal Church.This school, founded by George Mead, islocated in Aiken, South Carolina, a delightful town— a famous winter resortwhere the horse is lord of nearly all hesurveys. Life here is all that one couldwish for from the point of view of anemeritus.Thanks to D. C. Heath, one of my publishers, I expect to spend some time thissummer in Paris, collecting material formy 21st book. Tout va bien, meme tresbien.William Clayton Bower, 1943— Divinity.From retirement until 1950, I taught in theUniversity of Kentucky and TransylvaniaCollege, and was for a time acting headof the Department of Sociology at Kentucky. Since 1948, I have taken an activepart in developing the Kentucky programof moral and spiritual values in education.At present I am consultant to the Department of Education of Kentucky in thiscapacity, and consultant to the Divisionof Humanities of Transylvania College. Ihave written five books since retirement,and in 1954 received the TransylvaniaKentucky Citation for outstanding achievements in Moral and Spiritual Education.J. Harlen Bretz, 1947— Geology. Geologicalfield research in Bermuda, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, New Mexico, Washington,and Wisconsin. At least a dozen paperspublished on that research, others still inmanuscript form. Cooperative field research with Stan. Harris (S.I.U.), LelandHorberg (U. of C.) and H. T. U. Smith (U. of Mass.). Attendance on several annual meetings and a dozen or so geologicalfield conferences: Southern Mississippi Valley states, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan,and Wisconsin. Visiting professor, Caltech,'Pasadena, California, during winter of 1957!Participation in two National ScienceFoundation summer geological courses andsymposia of the National SpeleologicalSociety and Ecological Society of America.Participation in Yerkes-McDonald Observatory moon atlas project. Recipient ofN.S.F., G.S.A. and U. of C. grants forthree field studies. Recipient of Neil MinerAward, National Geology Teachers. Consultant and expert witness for CookCounty, in re: Congress and Kingery expressway routes.Ann Brewington, 1954— Business. Immediately after retirement, Miss Brewingtonjoined the faculty of the University ofNevada, in its Southern Regional Divisionat Las Vegas, where she is associate professor of business administration. In December of 1959, she received the JohnRobert Gregg Award in Business Education from the McGraw-Hill Book Compny.Carlos Castillo, 1955— Romance Languagesand Literature. 1: Departmental editor,Latin American literature for the Encyclopedia Britannica since 1955. 2: Adviser,narrator and writer for the InternationalFilm Bureau, Inc. of Chicago. Theseeducational films on Spain, Mexico andSouth America are intended for audiovisual instruction in language and culture.3: A few Spanish readers for D. C. Heathand Company.Fay-Cooper Cole, 1948 — Anthropology.Since "retirement" I have taught at eightuniversities, and this spring will lectureat the University of California, Santa Barbara. Also returned to Southeast Asia asrepresentative of American AnthropologicalAssociation at the Ninth Pacific ScienceCongress in Bangkok. Have written twobooks and have contributed to three encyclopedias. Am currently a trustee ofthe Santa Barbara Museum of NaturalHistory in charge of archaeological investigation on Channel Islands off SouthernCalifornia coast. Am also a research associate of the Chicago Natural HistoryMuseurrL All this indicates that retirementcan be interesting and even exciting.James . Franck, 1947— Chemistry and Research Institutes. After retirement I continued to work on photosynthesis as a20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIn short, retirement has beeninteresting, with plenty ofactivities and no complaints!Paul R. Cannon— Pathologymember of the research group supportedby the Fels Foundation. After my healthdid not permit me to work experimentallyI continued with theoretical work in thisfield and am still engaged in it.George D. Fuller, 1955— Rotany. After retirement I assisted Mr. Markam to interpretthe production of growing things on theTribune's Wheaton Farm and write themup for publication in the Daily Tribune.• his work lasted about three years.1 served seventeen years as "curator" of theherbarium at the Illinois State Museum,at Springfield. While there, G. NevilleJones and I published Vascular Plants ofIllinois, in 1955. At 85 years of age, Iretired the second time.Edmund Giesbert, 1958— Art. I've beendoing a good deal of professional work;among others, a portrait of Dr. White ofSocial Sciences. A trip to Europe, whereone of my sons resides in France with myfive grandchildren. Since we have a gooddeal of ground to landscape at our home inMichigan, I work much outdoors. My: < parate studio building is a great joy tome and I go on painting all sorts of thingsbesides portraiture. Am very happy inmy freedom.William S. Gray, 1950— Education. I havecontinued uninterrupted program of research and writing— with some teachingeach year. I have fortunately been permitted to retain my University office andhave had the further advantage of a research fund contributed by a number ofpeople interested in the field of reading.Typical of the problems studied are thecharacteristics of a mature reader, the resultswhich were published by the Universityl'iess: Maturity in Reading: Its Natureand Appraisal. I am summarizing variousstudies on the social role and implicationsof reading, and working on an oral reading test to take the place of the Standardized Oral Reading Paragraphs published in1916.In the period from 1952-1955, half mytime was devoted to a world-wide studyfor UNESCO of teaching reading andwriting to adult illiterates as well aschildren.In addition to my wide involvement incommunity, civic, church and professionalctivities, I love to fish, stroll throughnountain scenery, and play with threegrandsons on the beach. Mrs. Gray and Ihave travelled some— including England,Scotland, France, Egypt, Greece and Italy. "Fade away"? NUTS!Harvey B. Lemon— PhysicsAs implied by these comments life beganfor me in a sense, after retirement.C. Judson Herriek, 1934— Anatomy. Theyears since retirement have been in somerespects the happiest and most productiveof my life. During this period I have published four books and 95 scientific papers,the latter aggregating about 1100 printedpages. These publications include nearly600 figures, most of which were drawnby my own hand. I find it fun to be oldas long as one can keep working at something he likes to do. Work of some kindis the best medicine for senility. The realtest of character comes when infirmities ofage make work impossible.(On January 29, shortly after we receivedthis note, Dr. Herriek died at his home inGrand Rapids, Michigan. He was 91 yearsold.)Clifford Holley, 1958-College, NaturalSciences. Upon retiring I came to theUniversity of Florida at Gainesville asassistant professor of physical sciences.Am now in my second year here, in theUniversity College. We have nearly 13,000students at the University. In my coursethere are 1400. Life here is slow andpleasant; Gainesville has a population ofabout 50,000; no snow, or ice to combat;no big city rush.Charles T. Holman, 1947-Federated Theological Faculty. Five and a half years aspastor (1947-52) of Union Church ofGuatemala; built church there. Pastor ofUnderwood Memorial Baptist Church,Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, until 1957, whenI celebrated my fiftieth anniversary ofordination. Since 1957, interim pastoratesat Hyde Park Baptist Church, Chicago,-First Baptist Churches of Green Bay andLaCrosse, Wisconsin; and Union Churchof Guatemala. Two trips to Europe(preached widely in Great Britain, 1948,under auspices of Interchange of Britishand American Preachers), and two toMexico and Guatemala. One book in thehands of a publisher.Albert Johannsen, 1937— Geology. Sinceretirement have published "The House ofBeadle and Adams and Its Dime andNickel Novels, University of OklahomaPress, 1950, two quarto volumes, coloredand black and white illustrations. Also:"Phiz" Illustrations from the Novels ofCharles Dickens, University of ChicagoPress, 1956. Not for publication, havewritten 2650 pages of typed MS. with BRETZBACHHOFERADAIRMARCH, 1960 21CASTILLOCOLEmany illustrations for the family, ofmemoirs.Samuel C. Kincheloe, 1955— FederatedTheological Faculty. In December, 1955,Mrs. K. and I left for Tougaloo SouthernChristian College at Tougaloo, near lack-son, Mississippi, where I have been president for nearly five years. Our studentbody and faculty have steadily increased.We have a new science building (costing$443,000) and plans underway for a Dining Hall-Student Union. I am beginningto think of a second retirement but thereis more work around the corner for me.Mississippi is a completely bi-raciallysegregated society. Dr. Robert E. Parkused to lecture about race relations in sucha society. I now am coining to understandsome of the things he said.Forrest A. Kingsbury, 1948— Psychology. Itaught over four years at University ofRedlands ( Redlands, California ) after rc-tirement at Chicago, so have two emeritustitles. Historian and newsletter editor oflocal service club; secretary of 65-year-oldliterary club. Doing some writing on psychological topics. Finished and publishedfamily ancestral record. Reflections: aboveall, keep some incompleted jobs on handto keep looking forward to.Frank H. Knight, 1951— Economics. Icontinued five years at Chicago on a part-time basis teaching, writing, etc., and twosummers without pay. Spent most of oneacademic year at the Center for BehavioralSciences ( Palo Alto, California ) and another as visiting lecturer at the Universityof Virginia. 1958-9 went largely to preparing for and taking part in the Third East-West Philosophers' Conference in Honolulu and in Italy last year. Fall quarter,1959, I gave a course of four public lectures here at Chicago on a foundationgrant.Leonard V. Koos, 1946— Education. Ihave been engaged mainly in two typesof activity: professional and horticultural.I taught during several summer sessions atthe University of Michigan; also in 1950at the University of Oregon and in 1958, as "distinguished professor", at SouthernIllinois University; served, tor three years,as director of research and editor of theJunior College Journal for the AmericanAssociation of Junior Colleges; was consultant on community junior college systems for legislative commissions for Oregonand Florida, and have written some articlesand a book, Junior High School Trends(Harper, 1955); am now pulling togethermaterials for a monograph on communitycollege student. As to horticulture: I growflowers (e.g. 125 varieties of peonies, 50of hemerocallis, 30 of lilacs), vegetables,fruits (apples, pears, peaches, plump,cherries, grapes, etc.). As always, toolittle time for everything.Jakob A. O. Larscn, 1953— History. Teaching: Northwestern U., autumn, 1953; U. ofCalifornia at Berkeley as Sather Professorof Classics, spring, 1954; Chicago as visiting professor emeritus, autumn and winter, 1954-5 and again 1958-9; U. of Michigan, summer, 1955; Rutgers U., 1956-7;U. of Texas, spring, 1960. Publications:Representative Government in Greek andRoman History, U. of Calif. Press, 1955;articles in Classical Philology, Transactionsof the American Philological Assoc, Philosophical Review, Symbolae Osloenses,Acta Classica ( South Africa ) and numerous reviews in Classical Philosophy. Guggenheim Fellow, 1954-5; lectured at Paris,London and Liverpool Universities, 1955.Harvey B. Lemon, 1950— Physics. Emeriti"fade away"? Holt/ Catfish!! On my "retirement" I had three jobs instead of onewaiting for me. As an adviser on Britannica'sSenior Advisory Committee I continued tocarry on as I had since my return fromthe Army in 1943. At once I was shiftedfrom consultant at the Museum of Scienceand Industry to be its Director of Scienceand Education. Also continued as a consultant at Argonne National Laboratory.The AEC retirement is 70 for "Q" clearance, at least in my case. So now, asthe U. of C. address book shows, theMuseum is my major joy. Recently on agrant of about $1.5 x 10r>, with valiant aidfrom the University's Central Development shops, a new exhibit on the Magic ofMotion (i.e. Newtonian mechanics) hasbeen opened. Shortly I shall be readinga paper at the Chicago Literary Club onthe Enigma of Gravitation, etc., etc. "Fadeaway"? NUTS.Mima Maxey, 1952-College. You wouldbe surprised at what emeriti do! I am amember of the local library board, of theWoman's Club, and of a literary club knownas the best luncheon club in a town(Carlyle, Illinois) where all luncheons aregood. I served as librarian during aninterregnum and am now pinch-hittingfor a hospitalized church treasurer!Franklin C. McLean, 1953-Physiology. Ihave continued a full-time program of research and writing. My extra-curricularactivities are even more demanding thanbefore my retirement. 1 am secretary andtreasurer of the National Medical Fellowships, Inc., a non-profit organization providing assistance to Negroes for educationand training in medicine. I also serve asa member of the Technical Advisory Panelfor Biological and Chemical Warfare ofthe Department of Defense, and am anemeritus trustee of Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee. In 1957, I received thedegree of M.D., honoris causa, from theUniversity of Lund, Sweden.The picture Dr. McLean sent shows himand Chancellor Kimpton examining theAlumni Medal which Dr. McLean receivedfrom the University of Chicago in 1958.T. Nelson Metcalf, 1956-Physical Education. I have continued to serve on theexecutive board of the U.S. OlympicCommittee. In 1956 went to Melbournewitli our Olympic team as administrationchairman. Was back in Chicago Februaryto September in 1959 as technical consultant for the Pan American Games. Weexpect to go to Rome with the Olympicteam next summer. Between trips, enjoyour lazy life in Santa Barbara with muchreading, gardening, surf swimming and"birding."George S. Monk, 1949-Physics. 1949-52:22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsenior physicist, Argonne National Laboratory. 1952-? consultant. Moved toBoulder, Colorado, in December, 1958.Like it very much.Frank Hurburt O'Hara, 1953-English.John Hay Whitney New York Foundationvisiting professor, College of Idaho, 1953-4,and summers of 1954, 1956; visiting professor of creative writing and twentiethcentury American literature, Fisk University, 1954-55; visiting professor of twentiethcentury drama and novel, Hiram College,! 957-9. Other times, travel around theworld. Reflections : rejuvenating!Ernst W. Puttkammer, 1956-Law. Mr.Puttkammer dropped into the office toreport that lie has, since retirement, takenfive trips to Europe, one to Africa, and acircuit of Japan, Australia and New Zealand. He is contemplating South America.lie will take a steamer to Rio, then fly intoArgentina to add the Iguassu falls to Victoria and Niagara, which he has alreadyHans Rothfels, 1951— History. Since Itired from the University of Chicago, Ireturned twice to the old place for twoteaching periods, each of eight months (in'53 and '56). Otherwise I have beenbusy with a full-time job as professor ofModern History at the University of Tubingen (Germany). After reaching my 68diyear I got emeritus status at Tubingenlast October. For the amusement of yourreaders and in consequence of your suggestion I add a little snapshot which wastaken at the occasion of mv last officiallecture. However, as no successor wasappointed so far, I am still active as"deputy of myself." I hope that this situation will come to an end bv next October and that I then shall be able to pursuemy scholarly interests with more intensitythan the present situation of an institution so crowded as this permits. Thisbrings up questions of the various plansof reforming German universities in viewof a mass problem which we have to face.The Anglo-Saxon division into under graduate, graduate and postgraduatestudies may be of considerable influence.Hermann I. Schlesinger, 1948— Chemistry. Icontinued with research supported bygrants from the Office of Naval Researchtill about 1957-8, after which dates experimental work was discontinued. Sincethen I have been writing up unpublishedresearch. The research carried on since1948 dealt with the chemistry of compounds of boron with hydrogen as well asof boron with hydrogen and metals, andwith hydrogen, nitrogen and other elements. It led to the discovery of methodsfor manufacturing the so-called boronhigh energy fuels as well as the discoveryof new types of compounds of great usefulness in chemical research of varioustypes. Its importance was recognized bythe award to me of the Stock MemorialPrize by the German Chemical Society(1956), of the Navy Distinguished PublicService Medal (1959), the Priestley Medal(1959), and the Willard Gibbs Medal(1959). In that year I also received theNorris Award for contributions to theteaching of chemistry.Bernadotte E. Schmitt, 1946-History. Department of State, 1945-52, as U.S. editor-in-chief of "Documents of German ForeignPolicy, 1918-1945"; travelled in Europe.1950, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1958; now writing"The World in the Crucible, 1914-1919"for Harper's Rise of Modern Europe series;attended the Tenth International Congressof Historical Studies in Rome, 1955; willattend the Eleventh Congress in Stockholmthis year; vice-president of American Historical Association, 1959; president in 1960.Too busy to indulge in reflections.Charles A. Shull, 1944-Botany, PlantPhysiology. Activities: six years on theBoard of Trustees of Asheville-BiltmoreCollege; five years as writer of sciencestories for the Citizen-Times for Sundayreaders; was elected to Phi Beta KappaAssociates in 1950, became life member in1959. Am secretary of the Poetry Council ofNorth Carolina, Inc. This organization is revolutionizing the "literary climate" of thestate; it owes its greatest debt to LenaMearle Shull, who guided it for nine years;is entering the book publication field forpoets in need of help.Mercy A. Southwick, 1944-Patbology. Retirement has not been dull. This RockyMountain hamlet (Bigfork, Montana) is ina very beautiful area that attracts touristsfrom everywhere. Redletter days are thosewhen friends of the years in the PathologyDept. drop in. Our winters are no moresevere than those on the shores of LakeMichigan, but much more beautiful. Now,we experiment with water color and oil;we produce no masterpieces, but have fun.In tlle fifteen years here, I have beenserving on school and election boards,working in church and Sunday school(have had an adult class ever since 1came), and PTA.Raleigh W. Stone, 1955-Business. I keepbusy— as busy as ever— but as the veaispass, each a bit faster than the precedingyear, it takes less and less to keep me busy.Net result— I have been neglecting mytennis game somewhat and only recentlyhave made any progress in the readingbacklog accumulated through the years.I taught a full program through two yearsafter retirement— since then, business consulting work, a decreasing amount of laborarbitration, an educational junket to Paris,building management, help with housework, painting my house, baby sitting withmy first grandchild, reading— and just inviting my soul.Charles H. Swift, 1946-Anatomy. Dr.Swift returned his card without specificcomment, however, we can report that helives with his wife at the same residencehe had while teaching, on Kimbark nearcampus. In the winter he continues bird-watching (from his window) and historyreading. Summers are spent in the familycottage at Bay View, Michigan, wherethev purchase season tickets for the annualtwo-month Chautauqua— a routine that hascontinued practically unbroken since 1902.ROTHFELSMARCH, 1960 23WASSERMANSCHMITT WIEMANRoyal S. Van de Woestyne, 1957— Business.I have been working on state control oflocal finance in Massachusetts. That studywill bring up to date my earlier StateControl of Local Finance in Massachusetts which was published in 1935 byHarvard. Upon completion of the presentstudy I plan to make similar studies ofcontrol in other states. Retirement givesme the necessary time for these studies.Douglas Waples, 1958— Social Sciences.First year of retirement was spent inPeru: produced a book, a Litt.D. degree,and several warm friends. Second yearon Washington Island, Wisconsin, wherewe hope to spend the rest of our days, hasbeen a real heaven. The heavens in theliterature are unreal because the heavenlyroutines are never described, and withoutroutines there can be no heaven. Ourroutines are fun because they are set byGod* (e.g. the seasons) and not bymortals: daily maintenance chores; food-getting ( farming, fishing, hunting ) ; readingand writing; local jobs like teaching anextension course via the University ofWisconsin; and meeting with friends . . .all in this order. Retirement, in fact, isfar better than the heavens in literature."i.e. "Goodness"Fricdrich Wassermann, 1949 — Anatomy.Since retirement, I have been on the staffof Argonne National Laboratory, Divisionof Biological and Medical Research, inLemont, Illinois. Published about tenpapers on the fine structure of connectivetissue studied with the electron microscope,besides book reviews, abstracts, etc. Attended numerous symposia and conferencesin this country, among them "Symposiumon Mitogenesis" published by Universityof Chicago Press, 1959. Went to Europe:in 1952 as visiting professor in Heidelberg; in 1954 for lectures in Germany,Sweden, etc., and as visiting professor inFrankfurt; in 1956 as invited speaker ata conference of the German Society ofBiochemists; in 1957 to attend the International Congress of Electron Microscopyin West Berlin; in 1958 to deliver openinglecture at the annual Congress of the German Society for Intern. Medicine in Wiesbaden, to lecture in Germany and Basel,Switzerland, and to visit laboratories inDenmark. Served as visiting professor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York in1955 and again in 1957. Gave the keynote address at a symposium on "theimpact of electron microscopy on biology"at the AAAS meeting in Chicago lastDecember. Received honorary degrees ofSc.D., from the Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfort; MD from the JustusLiebig University of Giessen. Was electedto membership in the German Academyof Natural Scientists "Leopoldina" ( foundedin 1652).Henry N. Wieman, 1947— Divinity. Mybook, Mans Ultimate Commitment, waspublished in 1958 by Southern IllinoisUniversity Press where I am now teaching.This is my fourth year here (in Carbondale) and I will teach again in this University next year. Since retiring fromChicago, have taught at University of Oregon, University of Houston, UCLA, andGrinnell College. Have just completedbook on Intellectual Foundations of Faithwhich will be published within a year.Third volume in series on Living Theologywill discuss my religious thinking; it willbe published this year bv Macmillan Company.Harold R. Willoughby, 1955-New Testament. Immediately after retirement theacceptance of an attractive teaching appointment was irresistible. Had a gorgeoustime at it. Since then, been carrying tocompletion tasks still unfinished when retirement came: monographs, encyclopediaand dictionary articles, book reviews,bibliographies, etc. Plenty on hand foryears to come!The overly modest professor— there aresuch— plagued by an inferiority complex,can look forward to retirement withpeculiar interest. He will have one of thebig surprises of his life when he observeswhat a helluva time his successors arehaving as they endeavor to carry on inhis stead!Louis Round Wilson, 1942— Graduate Library School. Since retirement I havebeen a member of the staff of the University of North Carolina, serving as directorof its Sesquicentennial Celebration andeditor of its Sesquicentennial Publications,organizer of its Development Program, part-time professor in its Library School,and author of The University Library: ItsOrganization and Administration ( Chicago,1945), and The University of North Carolina, 1900-1930 (Chapel Hill, 1957). Retired again in June, 1959, I have completed a short biography now in pressof Harry Woodburn Chase, former president of the Universities of North Carolinaand Illinois and chancellor of New YorkUniversity. In its annual salute to "Famedand Favorite" faculty members who retiredin June, Time (July 20, 1959) led olwith my name among the nine Americaneducators to whom it bade "Goodby,Messrs. Chips."Quincy Wright, 1956— Political Science.After retiring, I spent a year in researchand conducting a seminar with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peacein New York City. The next year I wasat the Indian School of InternationalStudies in New Delhi under a Ford Foundation grant. This school gives only PhDdegrees. I taught international law thereand lectured all over India, and on theway back home, in Burma, Vietnam, Thailand, Taiwan, Japan, and San Francisco.Since October, 1958, I have been teachingin the Department of Foreign Affairs atthe University of Virginia.Sewall Wright, 1954— Zoology. Have written 12 scientific papers.1955: five-and-a-half year appointment asLeon J. Cole Professor of Genetics atUniversity of Wisconsin; president of theSociety for the Study of Evolution (meeting in Austin, Texas); Hon. LLD, Michigan State University; Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Evolution, and AIBSmeeting at East Lansing.1956: Kimber Award of National Academyof Science; member of National AcademyCommittee on Genetic Damage fromRadiation.1957: Hon. ScD, Knox College; attendedAIBS meetings at Palo Alto, California.1958: Symposium at Johns Hopkins; Hon.ScD, Western Reserve; Celebration ofCarl Sandburg's 80th Birthday at Galesburg; president of Tenth InternationalCongress of Genetics at Montreal.1959: Cold Spring Harbor Symposium;Hon. ScD, Darwin Centennial at Universityof Chicago.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEa Nass Mewsthe Journal of Comparative Neurology,of which she has been one of the editorsfor many years, was issued in her honorin January of this year.Samuel B. Epstein, '13, JD '15, wasf\ / O \? elected Chief Justice of the Superior CourtU I ~^**J 0f Cook County, Illinois, for the currentRalph H. McKee, PhD '01, who hasbeen emeritus professor of chemical engineering at Columbia University since1939, is still quite active at the age of 85.He founded the McKee Development Corp.and has worked out a new method formaking paper pulp, which he is applyingto various raw materials.Frank L. Griffin, '03, SM '04, PhD '06,who spent a lifetime teaching mathematicsat Reed College in Portland, Ore., hadretired and accepted an invitation as visiting professor at Wesleyan University inConnecticut when he was called back toReed to serve as interim president. Mr.Griffin, who is now back at Wesleyan foranother year, writes: "It is reassuring tofind that there is still some steam left inthe boiler!" He always has always beenfull of energy, which accounts for his yearsof popularity with students, faculty andtownspeople.Villa B. Smith, '07, of Cleveland, Ohio,writes that Jessie Weston Culver, '07, hasrecently moved from San Antonio, Tex.,to Chicago.William P. MacCracken, Jr., '09, JD Tl,a Washington, D. C, lawyer and a pioneerin aviation legislation, has been awardedthe Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy for1959. He was the first assistant AssistantSecretary of Commerce for Aeronauticsin 1926. The award is made annually bythe National Aeronautic Association forsignificant public service of enduring valueto aviation in the U. S. Mr. MacCrackenwas cited for civic leadership by theAlumni Association in 1953.Charles O. Appleman, PhD TO, formerdean of the University of Maryland Graduate School, attended the ceremony atwhich his portrait was presented to thatuniversity. In 1918, Mr. Appleman, aplant physiologist, was asked to organizethe Maryland Graduate School. He wasdean of the school until his retirement in1949.Elizabeth C. Crosby, MS '12, PhD '15,retired as professor of anatomy at theUn crsity of Michigan in 1959. She iscontinuing her neurological research atthe Kresge Medical Research Building inAnn Arbor, Mich. A special volume of year.Susan Wilbur Jones, AM '14, of Cambridge, Mass., translated Ages Ago, Thirty-Seven Tales from the Konjaku MonogatariCollection, recently published by theHarvard University Press. These are "37tales from perhaps the greatest medievalstorybook, a single mirror of the evolvingJapanese short story derived from Indiaand China and brought at last to its ownparticular perfection. ' In Japanese literature, Konjaku holds a place like that ofthe Canterbury Tales in English, but itdevelops a wider spectrum of interest.Henry C. Shull, '14, JD '16, and hiswife, of Sioux City, Iowa, leave in earlyMarch for a two-month trip to the MiddleEast, including Egypt and Greece.Howard Mumford Jones, AM '15, a leading scholar in the field of American literature, has been appointed Abbott LawrenceLowell Professor of the Humanities atHarvard University. Mr. Jones is a lecturerto undergraduate and graduate classes onAmerican ideas and literature of the 19thand 20th Centuries, and a proponent ofhumanistic studies for college audiencesacross the nation. His own writing inintellectual history has dealt with boththe U. S. and England. Recent booksinclude The Bright Medusa, 1952: astudy of the 1920's; The Pursuit of Happiness, 1953; Reflections on Learning, 1958;and One Great Society, 1958. One of thegroup of international scholars singled outfor honorary degrees at Harvard duringits Tercentenary Year, Mr. Jones also holdshonorary degrees from Tulane, Colorado,Western Reserve, Wisconsin and ClarkUniversities. He is editor-in-chief of TheJohn Harvard Library, a reprinting ofhard-to-get books of importance in American intellectual history being published bythe Harvard University Press.Amelia C. Phetzing, '16, AM '20, hastransferred from the position of librarianat the Farmington, Maine State Teachers'College to librarian in the Harrington,Dela., Special School District.Claude Lionel Williams, AM '16, hasretired as a principal with the ChicagoPublic Schools and now sells real estatefor the A. H. Whitley Co.Ruth Herriek, '18, MD '28, now prac ticing medicine in Grand Rapids, Mich.,has made a hobby of collecting antiqueglass from long extinct factories in theMidwest. Her recently published book onGreentown Glass describes and illustratesthe entire product of a distinguished factory in Indiana.John S. Lundy, MD '19, retired fromthe Mayo Clinic last October 1. A dinnerheld in his honor at the Kahler Hotel inRochester was attended by more than 100' 1 1m\ 1Mr. Jones "15persons. Dr. Lundy founded the Sectionof Anesthesiology in the Mayo Clinic in1924 at the invitation of the late Dr.William J. Mayo; he was head of thatsection until 1952, when he became asenior consultant. He was also a professorof anesthesiology in the Mayo Foundation Graduate School at the Universityof Minnesota.Matthew Spinka, AM '19, PhD '23, haswritten The Quest for Church Unity, published in February by the Macmillan Co.The book is "an eloquent and enlightenedplea, not for an external super organization, but for an abiding spiritual unity."L. H. Tiffany, '19, retired from thedepartment of botany at NorthwesternUniversity in Evanston, 111., in Septemberand is now living in Sarasota, Fla.Herman V. Tartar, PhD '20, won the1958 Pudget Sound Award in Chemistry.He has taught at the University of Washington for almost 40 years.March, i960 25J. Paul Yost, '20, visited Cambridge andOxford Universities last summer. Mr. Yostwrites: "It just made me proud of theU of C and revived pleasant memories."j Helen B. Burton, '22, PhD '29, of Nor-inan, Okla., has retired and is professorjsmeritus of nutrition at the University ofOklahoma. Still active in research, sherecently assisted with a workshop on nutrition and metabolism for high school teachers of science and home economics.Cynthia M. Jones, '22, of Otsego, Mich.,recently retired as an assistant in com-nlunity adult education at the Universityqf Michigan after 17 years in the department.Nelson B. Henry, PhD '23, is the editorof Education for the Gifted and The Integration of Educational Experiences;Francis S. Chase, PhD '51, and Harold A.Anderson, '24, AM '26, are the editors ofThe High School in a New Era. Thesethree books were published by the University of Chicago Press in 1958 and wererecently on the list of 41 outstandingpublications on education selected by theEnoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore,Md.Sara Branham Matthews, PhD '23, MD'34, has been chosen 1959 Medical Womanof the Year by Branch One, Washington,D. C, of the American Medical Women'sAssociation. She retired in July, 1958,from her position at the National Institutesof Health after 30 years of work with theU. S. Public Health Service. At the time of her retirement, she was chief of thesection on bacterial toxins in the Divisionof Biologies Standards. She is currentlyparticipating in the visiting biologist program of the American Institute of Biological Science.24-26Norris C. Flanagin, '24, president ofLumbermen's Mutual Casualty Co. andAmerican Motorists' Insurance Co., hasbeen re-elected to a two-year term as adirector of the Illinois State Chamber ofCommerce. Mr. Flanagin has also beenelected to a three-year term as a directorof the American .Management Assoc. Helives in Glencoe, 111.Roy C. Newton, PhD '24, vice presidentof research at Swift and Co., retired recently after 35 years of service with thecompany. Mr. Newton plans to raise beefcattle on his farm near Three Rivers, Mich.Col. Clarke M. Shaw, '24, retired fromthe Army in August of 1958. He and hiswife, the former Jeannette Hash, '24, nowlive in Tucson, Ariz.Saville Millis Simons, '24, AM '26, recently became the national general director of the National Travelers Aid Assoc,after five years as national executive ofthe YWCA. Mabel Staudinger, '24, AM '25, PhD '46,professor of Spanish at Rockford Collegein Rockford, 111., was recently awardeda Lathrop Honorary Professorship. Lastsummer she was one of four delegatesfrom Rockford to the Danforth FoundationCommunity Workshop on Higher Education at Colorado Springs.Ella Marks Stitt, '24, of Wethersfield,Conn., writes: "The only claim I have todistinction is that I think I may have theyoungest progeny in the class (1924), withtwo daughters, one fourteen and the othereleven. They provide us with plenty offun and activity."Rob N. Howell, '25 reports that hisbrother, John, '25, is recovering from arecent operation and will be at his homein Stamford, Conn., for several weeksbefore returning to work as advertisingmanager of Fortune Magazine. Mr. RobHowell stopped in Chicago on his wayfrom White Plains, N. Y., to Californiato attend the winter Olympics, to seerelatives and to play a few rounds of golfwith Bill Pringle, '25. Then, he will return to Chicago to re-establish his privatepractice as an investment consultant.William T. Brady, '25, is president ofthe Corn Products Co. in New York City.Harry G. Frieda, '25, teaches and is attendance counsellor at the Lake View HighSchool in Chicago.Willis Lambert Groenier, '25, SM'29,PhD'31, is professor of physical scienceat Chicago Teachers College.From New York Life's yearbook of successful insurance career men!WALTER BIETILA-a crack skier who jumpedinto a secure lifetime career!Former Olympic skier Walter Bietila's ability to makefriends and his keen competitive spirit have paid offhandsomely for him. In his very first year as a New YorkLife representative, he ranked first in paid-for-policysales in his area. This was followed by even greater results that earned him membership in the select MillionDollar Round Table in '58. He is now working for hisChartered Life Underwriter degree as a means of furtherimproving his professional service to clients, and analready substantial income.Walter Bietila, like many other college alumni, is wellestablished as a New York Life representative. In business for himself, his own talents and ambitions are theonly limitations on his future income. Additionally, hehas the personal satisfaction of helping others. If you orsomeone you know would like more information onsuch a career with one of the world's leading life insurance companies, write: WALTERB'ETILANew York Liferepresentative atthe Green Bay, Wis.,Genera/ Officeof Wisconsin,Education:B-A. '39.Tod ciiik i n ' MemberJVewTfork LifeInsurance (nw£) CompanyCollege Relations, Dept. U-751 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECharles MacMillan Houser, '25, recently moved to Altadena, Calif., after nineyears as the minister of the Plymouth Congregational Church in Des Moines, Iowa.fje is now the minister of the AltadenaCommunity Church.Charles Glenn Kaiser, AM '25, teachesEnglish at Lane Technical High Schooljn Chicago. Mr. Kaiser lives in Mt. Prospect, 111.Harvey Kaplan, '25, of Chicago, hasrecently been elected the executive vicepresident of the M. S. Kaplan Co., (ironand steel).Harold Wolfson, '25, SM '26, MD '29,staff physician at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Houston, Texas, andhis wife, the former Dorothy E. Koch,'25, MD '29, moved from Kingsley, Iowa,to Houston "to take things easier and enjoy the sunshine."Jacob E. Alschuler, JD '26, and SamAlschuler, JD '35, have changed the nameof their law firm to Alschuler, Putnam,De Bartolo & McWethy, with the additionof two new associates.Catherine Baum Arnheim, '26, of Glencoe, 111., is a grandmother for the thirdtime this year.Sidney Bloomenthal, '26, SM '27, PhD?29, of Chicago, is a physicist and seniorproject engineer with the General Telephone Laboratories division of AutomaticElectric Co. Telephones and Switchboards.Benedict Einarson, '26, AM '27, PhD'32, is a member of the Greek departmentat Harvard University.John F. Latimer, AM '26, professor ofclassical languages and literatures andassistant dean of faculties at The GeorgeWashington University in Washington,D. C, has been awarded a $2,000 grantfrom The Evening Star Research Fund,to be used for a study of the changes inundergraduate and graduate specializationthat have taken place in the four-yearcolleges and universities of the U. S. sincethe academic year 1947-48. The study willexplore the implications of these changesfor higher education and for national welfare and security. TheTund is administeredby The Evening Star Newspaper Co. ofWashington, D. C. Mr. Latimer has contributed numerous articles to professionaljournals and is the author of the book,What's Happened to Our High Schools?(Public Affairs Press, 1958). Mrs. Latimeris currently first vice president of theLeague of Women Voters of the U. S.Harold H. Titus, PhD '26, of Granville,Ohio, is the author of Living Issues inPhilosophy, published in a third revisededition by the American Book Co. in 1959.27-31James B. Culbertson, PhD '27, whoteaches at Cornell College, was awardeda College Chemistry Teaching Medal forexcellence in college teaching last JuneDy the Manufacturing Chemists' Assoc.The award carries a citation and a cashaward of $1,000.Four U of C alumni have been electeddistrict governors of Rotary International for the 1959-60 fiscal year. William M.McKissack, MD '27, assists Rotary clubsin the Alabama area. He has been amember of the Rotary Club of Huntsville,Ala., since 1937 and is past president ofthat club. Thor Holter, '32, serves Rotaryclubs in the Illinois area. A sales executive for the Equitable Life Assurance Society in Elmhurst, 111., he is a past president of the Rotary Club of Elmhurst.Walter J. Hamilton, MD '39, of San Carlos,Calif., serves Rotary clubs in the California area. Dr. Hamilton is a pediatrician in San Carlos and a past presidentof the Rotary Club of that city. ThomasD. Rinde, '47, assists Rotary clubs inNebraska. The Reverend Mr. Rinde isprofessor- of historical theology at theCentral Lutheran Theological Seminaryin Fremont, Nebr.Lois R. Schulz, '27, has recently beenappointed professor of home economics atSouthern Illinois University in Carbondale,111. She is the director of the child development laboratory in the SIU School ofHome Economics, supervising the trainingof students as they work with some 30pre-school children in the laboratory.Ralph W. Tyler, PhD '27, director ofthe Center for Advanced Study in theBehavioral Sciences at Stanford, Calif.,and former chairman of the departmentof education and dean of the division ofthe social sciences at the U of C, announcedlast fall that Allison Davis, PhD '42, andBenjamin S. Bloom, PhD '43, have receivedfellowships at the Center. They are spending this year there, perfecting researchtechniques and exploring new ideas forimprovement of behavioral research andtraining. Joseph J. Schwab, '30, SM '36,PhD '38, has returned to the departmentof education at the U of C after spendingthe academic year 1958-59 as a fellow atthe Center.William E. Vaughan, '27, PhD '29, formerly head of the organic chemistrydepartment at the U of C, and more recently assistant to the vice president ofthe Emeryville Research Center of theShell Development Co., has retired.Thomasine Allen, AM '28, was awardedan honorary degree of Doctor of HumaneLetters by her alma mater, Franklin College, at the 1959 commencement exercises. The degree was granted in absentia,as Miss Allen has built a home in Kuji,Japan, where she is supervising a newagricultural project.Allen P. Wikgren, '28, AM '29, PhD '32,is spending the winter quarter at AchimotaUniversity in Ghana under the AfricanUniversities Exchange Program, sponsoredby the Ford Foundation. Aside fromteaching and lectures, he is organizing acenter for the study of the ancient Africanversions of the Bible.Charles G. Chakerian, AM '29, has beenelected to the board of directors of theChicago Committee on Alcoholism, a voluntary, non-profit agency concerned withalcoholism education, research and treatment. Mr. Chakerian, a sociologist, ischairman of the department of church andcommunity at the McCormick TheologicalSeminary in Chicago, where he conducts BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS— 1708 E. 7IST ST.Catch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEPARKER-HOLSMAN| C O M P £„.. .** YReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525Phone: REgent I -33 1 1The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes1142 E. 82nd StreetCHICAGO ADDRESSING SPRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 . 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Hyde Park Blvd. FAirfax 4-57595319 Hyde Park Blvd.NOrmal 7-9858GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Bolex-Rolleiflex- Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model SuppliesSymbolofProgressTHIS pylon on our new plant marksa milestone in our thirty yearsof service to organizationsrequiring fine skills, latesttechniques and large capacity.Our work is as diversified as theneeds and products of our customersPhotopress\ INCORPORATTO¦¦¦JJimiJil.l.lllJUlCongress Expressway at Gardner RoadBROADVIEW, ILL QOIumbus 1-1420 an alcoholism seminar. He is also theassistant secretary of the Board of the National Missions of the United PresbyterianChurch and a research consultant for thePresbytery of Chicago. Mr. Charkerian hastaught at Wellesley College, Brooklyn College, the University of Connecticut, andthe Hartford Seminary Foundation. Hehas also lectured at the Universities ofParis, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Rio, Santiago, Montevideo, San Marcos in Lima(Peru), and Tokyo. Among his manypublications is The Alcohol Offender inthe City and County of Hartford, Conn.Mr. Chakerian and his wife, Juanita, havea son, Randolph, who is attending LakeForest Academy in Lake Forest, 111.Betty W. Starr, '29, AM* '49, PhD '51,is the administrative assistant in the newdepartment of anthropology at the University of Illinois in Urbana, 111.Grace Marie Boyd, '30, is principal ofthe Columbus Elementary School in Cicero,111.Tracy E. Strevey, PhD '30, historianand educator who has been dean of theCollege of Letters, Arts, and Sciences atthe University of Southern California since1948, is the new chief academic officer atSC. Mr. Strevey taught American historyat the University of Chicago from 1928to 1931, the University of Wisconsin from1931 to 1935, and Northwestern Universityfrom 1935 to 1948, where he was professorand chairman of the department of history. He was sent by the Department ofState as a guest lecturer to India early in1957, and was head of a four-man teamthat surveyed the University of Tehran,Iran, in May, 1958, for the U. S. International Cooperation Administration. Mr.Strevey and his wife, Margaret, live inLos Angeles. They have two children,both graduates of the University of Southern California.Anton B. Burg, PhD '31, professor ofchemistry at the University of SouthernCalifornia, was invited to present a lectureat the Seventeenth Congress of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in Munich last September. His topicwas "Chemical Behaviour and Bonding ofBoron-Hydride Derivatives."Harold N. Solomon, JD '31, a Chicagoattorney, was one of ten AMVETS selectedfrom the entire U. S. to receive a fellowship financed by a grant from the Fundfor Adult Education. The program wasan extension and refinement of the AMVETS Americanism Program, in which Mr.Solomon has been active, and is known asa program of "Education for Public Responsibility.'' Mr. Solomon is a combatveteran of World War II who has beendecorated with the bronze star medal andtwo bronze battle stars.32-41Harold B. Dunkel, '32, PhD '37, andRobert L, McCaul, PhD '53, served asjoint editors of a special issue of TheSchool Review commemorating the centennial of John Dewey's birth. Both Mr. Dunkel and Mr. McCaul are members ofthe faculty of the department of educationat the U of C.Robert D. Bulkley, '33, was recentlyelected general presbyter of the NorthCoastal Area of the Presbyterian ChurchIn his new position, he will serve asadministrative officer for 175 Presbyterianchurches and 67,000 Presbyterians in thearea.Martha Miller Davenport, '33, writes:"My oldest son is a high school teachermy second son is a sophomore at Northwestern and my third is in the eighthgrade. I'm teaching part time, too, andenjoying my job and family." Mrs. Davenport lives in Winnetka, 111.Henry T. Maschal, '33, has been electedpresident of the San Francisco Conventionand Visitors Bureau for the year I960.He has served the Bureau as vice presidentand director of finance and budget for thepast three years. Mr. Maschal is associatedwith the certified public accounting firm,Harris, Kerr, Forster & Co.Howard Q. Westervelt^ '33, teaches atthe Curtis High School in Chicago.Chalkley J. Hambleton, '34, assistantvice president of the Harris Trust andSavings Bank of Chicago, recently celebrated his 25th anniversary with the bank.Mr. Hambleton has spent his entire bankcareer in the trust department there. Hewas elected assistant secretary in 1948and assistant vice president in 1953.Lily May David, '35, of Arlington, Va.,an economist with the U. S. Bureau ofLabor Statistics, was awarded a Rockefeller Public Service Award in 1959.James F. Heyda, '35, is currently amathematical consultant for the GeneralElectric Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Department.J. Lloyd Trump, AM'35, PhD'43, hasrecently been appointed associate secretaryin charge of professional services of theNational Association of Secondary-SchoolPrincipals in Washington, D. C.Herman Kogan, '36, is director of company relations at the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago.Sherwin H. Gaines, '37, moved to StudioCity, Calif., from Los Angeles.Bernard C. Mahan, '37, of Chicago, isan underwriter with the Allstate InsuranceCo. in Skokie, 111.Arnold J. Kuhn, '37, AM '46, PhD '49,is executive director of the Chicago Committee on Alcoholism, a voluntary, nonprofit organization.Zelda Teplitz Charkovsky, '38, is alecturer at the U of C Medical Schooland a clinic associate on the child carefaculty at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. Her husband, Willis Charkovsky,a composer and pianist on the faculty ofthe University of Illinois in Chicago, helpedout as pianist for the Darwin Centennial'stheatrical production, "Time Will Tell/'The Charkovsky s have one child: Robert,age seven.Dorothy Emerick, '38, AM '42, lives inOlympia, Wash.Norman Kharasch, MS '38, professor ofchemistry at the University of SouthernCalifornia, has received a Fulbright awardTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfor 1959-60 and is doing research at theyjennu Institute of Technology in Austria.George R. Koons, '38, has been namedto the newly created post of manager ofindustrial relations for The Brunswick-Riilke-Collender Co.Margaret Pease Harper, AM '38, writes:"In between guarding two energetic smallpeople and standing by my husband, whojs head of the language department at\Vest Texas State, I am teaching pianoand interested in the publication of asmall illustrated musical directory formusi. il beginners of any age, which hastaken me some years to write. Carl Fischer,Inc., has just published it. The name ofthe book is Meet Some Musical Terms."Erwin "Bud" Beyer, '39, former gymnastic and "Acrotheatre" coach, sent a notewith his dues renewal: "Shades of Acrotheatre— have the pleasure of putting together a fourteen-act show for the Sarasota Chamber of Commerce. The SarasotaNational Gymnastics Clinic attracts over1,000 coaches and gymnasts from theU. S., Canada, and Latin America. TheNight of Stars uses this lush field of talenton Christmas holiday week to put on anextravaganza of national and local champions. The show was just like the oldU i T C days— fast action, no delays, audi-en< ¦ loved it."Galen W. Ewing, PhD '39, is head ofthe chemistry department at New MexicoHighlands University.Albert P. Lilek, '40, is assistant principalof the Lindblom High School in Chicago.Jane Armstrong Ohle, '41 and Lester C.Ohle, '41, of Kansas City, Mo., announcethe birth of a son, John Herbert, on December 4, 1958.Alfred L. Bayes, PhD '41, was promotedlast June to product manager in the gasproduct department of the Linde Co. inTo:i wanda, N. Y.' S. Levinger, '41, SM '44, professor ofphysics at Louisiana State University anda recognized authority in the field oftheoretical nuclear physics, has been named director of a research project in"Theoretical Nuclear Physics" for whichLSU has received a grant of $50,000 fromthe National Science Foundation. Theproject will involve a study of the nuclearmany-body problem, one of the majorproblems in nuclear physics. Mr. Levingeris particularly interested in this study,which he began at the University ofBirmingham in England while on sabbatical leave from LSU as a Guggenheimfellow. He is the author of more than30 articles in U. S. and internationaltechnical journals and will soon have abook entitled Nuclear Photo-Disintegrationpublished in England.John R. Russell, '41, MD '45, has goneinto private practice in Indianapolis, Ind.His wife is the former Jane Bureau, '41.Richard P. Kiser, '47, and his wife, alsoof Indianapolis, are celebrating the birthof their third child. Don R. Knight, AM'29, who is a teacher at Shortridge HighSchool in Indianapolis has a paying hobby.He owns a store known as the "House ofPaper" that specializes in greeting cardsand quality paper goods of all sorts.43-47Helena Leeming Emerson Wilkening,'43, and her husband, Eugene A. Wilkening, PhD '49, recently returned to Madison, Wise, from Victoria, Australia, whereMr. Wilkening spent ten months at theUniversity of Melbourne as a Fulbrightresearch scholar in rural sociology. He wasstudying the communication of information and decision-making among dairyfarmers in Northern Victoria, and writes:"It has been most interesting to observethe progress being made in the struggleto overcome the low supply of water inthe interior, the lack of capital for industrial development and the lack of appreciation for the achievements of the Australiansthemselves in the fine arts."Arthur W. Adamson, PhD '44, professorof chemistry at the University of SouthernCalifornia, was the official representativeof the American Chemical Society at theInternational Symposium on Co-ordinationChemistry in London last April. He presented a paper at the meeting on thephotochemistry of co-ordination compounds.Louise Kachel, '44, and Eric E. Conn,PhD '50, were married last October 17 inDavis, Calif. Mr. Conn is a plant biologist at the University of California'sDavis campus. For seven months, startingFebruary 1, the couple resides in Cambridge, England, where Mr. Conn doesspecial research at the Low TemperatureResearch Station. They plan to return toCalifornia in September.Abba H. Salzman, '44, '56, is a geographical research editor for the FollettPublishing Co. in Chicago.L. Venchael Booth, AM '45, is founderof the National Prayer League, Inc., andpublishers of The Nation's Prayer Call. Hehas recently published a World Brother hood Hymn entitled "Brothers Joined inHeart," which has been adopted as thetheme song of the National Sunday Schooland Baptist Training Union Congress,Auxiliary of the National Baptist Convention, Inc. Mr. Booth is pastor at the ZionBaptist Church in Cincinnati, Ohio.W. Robert Elghammer, '45, MD '47, haspracticed pediatrics in Danville, 111., forthe past seven years. He and his wifehave four children: three boys and a girl.Joseph H. Kuney, '45, of Arlington, Va.,has been named assistant to the directorof publications of the American ChemicalSociety's applied journals. Mr. Kuney hasbeen production manager of the fivejournals, which have a total paid circulation of more than 165,000 and which constitute the world's largest scientific publication program.Doris Klass Marshall, '45, AM '48, livesin Ann Arbor, Mich., where her husband,Robert, is the owner of Bob Marshall'sBook Shops. The Marshalls have fivechildren, aged one to seven.Steven Moszkowski, '45, '46, SM '50,PhD '52, is an associate professor ofphysics at UCLA. His second son, RichardDavid, was born last July 7.Raymond C. Sangster, '45, '47, of Plana,Tex., is a research associate at the centralresearch laboratories of Texas Instruments,Inc., in Dallas. He was married to theformer Laura Marie Farnum in 1955. TheSangsters have two daughters: Laura Lynn,age two, and Rebecca Rhea, born lastAugust.Arne Slettebak, '45, PhD '49, professorof physics and astronomy at Ohio StateUniversity, was recently appointed director of the Perkins Observatory at OhioState and Ohio Wesleyan Universities.Marjory Mather Greene, '46, of Aurora,111., writes that her summer neighbors inHarbert, Mich., include Dick Stoughton,'45, MD '47, and his wife, the formerGwen Schmitt, '45, '47, PhD '54, and DickDinning, JD '49, and his wife, the formerNancy Bay, '46, SM '50.Abe Krash, '46, JD '49, has become amember of the Washington, D. C, lawfirm, Arnold, Fortas & Porter.Jack D. McCarthy, '46, MD '51, isspending the year at the SahlgvenskaSjukhuset, in Goteborg, Sweden, as a fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, studying endocrinologyand endocrine-linked cancers from the"surgeon's point of view."Nathan E. Ballou, PhD '47, has takena year's leave of absence from his position as head of the nuclear and physicalchemistry branch of the U. S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory in San Francisco to become head of the chemistrydepartment at the Belgian Nuclear EnergyCenter in Mol, Belgium.Herbert N. Friedlander, PhD '47, is nowa section leader in charge of laboratoryresearch on new and improved plastics atthe Whiting research laboratories of theStandard Oil Co. of Indiana. _,..-..„Kenneth R. Kuester, '47, of Elwood,Ind., is the press department foreman ofthe central metal division of the Continental Can Co.William W. Mullins, '47, SM '51, PhDMARCH, 1960 29BEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO24 HOUR SERVICELicensed © Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 7885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at37 South Wabash Ave.Chicago 3, ill.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192*UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200 '55, has recently been appointed associateprofessor of metallurgical engineering atthe Carnegie Institute of Technology inPittsburgh, Pa. Mr. Mullins has donebasic research in the field of metal physicsin the Westinghouse Research Laboratories before joining Carnegie. In January, 1959, he was appointed advisoryphysicist and placed in charge of a groupstudying metallic surfaces. While on thestaff at Westinghouse, he also taught acourse on the physics of materials at theUniversity of Pittsburgh.Daniel M. Ogden, Jr., AM '47, PhD '49,professor of government at WashingtonState University, has been selected as oneof the Citizenship Clearing House NationalCommittee Faculty Fellows for 1960. Beginning in February, Mr. Ogden serves asspecial consultant to the Democratic national chairman. The fellowship is designedto broaden the knowledge of and provideobservational experience for teachers ofpolitics at the national party level and tomake available to the national party committees the assistance of professional political scientists. Mr. Ogden is currently thechairman of the Whitman County (Wash.)Democratic Central Committee. He hasalso served as the Democratic state committeeman from Whitman County and asa member of the professional staff of theCommittee on Interstate and ForeignCommerce of the U. S. Senate under Senator Warren Magnuson.James T. Ritchie, '47, is the director oftraining with the U. S. Life Insurance Co.of New York.Charlotte Barkan Roth, '47, lives inMiami, Fla., has three children and workspart-time as an attorney.Nancy Heller Zager, '47, leads a JuniorGreat Books Program in Passaic, N. J. Shewrites: "Otherwise am a housewife andmother of two: Masha, nine, and David,five. By the way, the Junior Great Bookswould not have been possible withoutthe enthusiasm and cooperation of ournew superintendent of schools, George W.Hohl, PhD '51."48-51Robert Alexander Adams, '48, AM '52,is assistant to the executive secretary ofthe Neighborhood Redevelopment Commission of Chicago.Padraic Burns, '48, is in his second yearof psychiatric residency after spending twoyears with the Army in Japan. He wasmarried to Miss Ikuko Kawai in Tokyoon November 3. Mrs. Burns is now teaching Japanese at Yale, although she was aradio and television announcer in Japan.Nathaniel S. Eek, '48, has been appointedassistant professor of speech at MichiganState University. He teaches theatrecourses and is business manager of theUniversity Theatre. Before his appointment at Michigan State, Mr. Eek was aninstructor and director of the studio theatreat the University of Kansas and a graduate assistant and box office supervisor at OhioState University.Lt. Col. Walter E. Mehlinger, SM '48,is attending The Army War College atCarlisle Barracks, Pa. The Army WarCollege prepares selected officers for futureassignments to top staff and commandpositions in the Armed Forces and otherkey government positions.T. H. Meltzer, PhD '48, chief of theorganic chemistry division at the ElectricStorage Battery Co. in Philadelphia, wasselected "Man of the Month" in the July,1959, issue of Industrial Laboratories.Doris J. Probst, '48, AM '52, is a librarianin the editorial research library of Scott,Foresman & Co. in Chicago.Rubin Saposnik, '48, '50, MA '51, LeonH. Warshay, MA '51, and Lynn AlexanderKeeling Watt, MS '51, were awardeddoctor of philosophy degrees from theUniversity of Minnesota at commencementexercises in December.Ned Chapin, MBA '49, and his wife,the former June Roediger, '52, AM '54,live in Menlo Park, Calif. Mr. Chapinreceived his Ph.D. in business and economics from the Illinois Institute of Technology last June and is working at theStanford Research Institute, studying newtechniques in analyzing business dataprocessing operations.Francisco P. Garriga-Rodriguez, AM '49,has been appointed assistant dean of theSchool of Science at the University ofPuerto Rico in Rio Piedras, P. R.John J. Goodlad, PhD '49, has beenelected chairman of the Council on Cooperation in Teacher Education of theAmerican Council on Education.Jack Joseph, '49, JD '52, has been admitted to partnership in the Chicago lawfirm of Brown, Dashow, and Langeluttig.Mr. Joseph has been very active in therepresentation of Indian Claims before theIndian Claims Commission and also in thefield of international law. He is chairmanof a sub-committee of the Committee onInternational and Foreign Law of theChicago Bar Assoc, vice president of theChicago Branch of the American ForeignLaw Assoc, Inc., and a member of theSociete de Legislation Comparee.Paul Khan, SM '49, was recently appointed manager of the central researchlaboratories of DCA Food Industries Inc.William C. Stone, SM '49, PhD '52, andJames, A. Riedel, PhD '54, are two of theeight key members of the faculty of UnionCollege in Schenectady, N. Y., who haverecently been promoted to the rank offull professor. Mr. Stone is professor ofmathematics and Mr. Riedel is professorand chairman of the department of government.Marvin J. Taylor, AM '49, is the editorof Religious Education, "a book designedto be used as a text or basic referencebook for students of religious educationat the higher education level. It is acomprehensive symposium of 37 chaptersby 40 contributors, providing a broadsurvey of the entire field." Mr. Taylor isa member of the Graduate Faculty ofthe University of Pittsburgh and has beenactive in the field of religious educationfor many years.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThomas Wartik, PhD '49, associate professor of chemistry at Pennsylvania StateUniversity, has recently been named headof the department of chemistry there. Mr.VVartik's research has been in the chemistryof boron and the light metals and thechemistry of hydrides. He and his wifehave two children, Nancy and StevanPhilip.Vivian Max Weil, '49, AM '53, and herhusband, Irwin, '48, AM '51, live in Cambridge, Mass. Mr. Weil is an assistantp. lessor of Russian language and literati : at Brandeis University.i awrence H. Berlin, AM '50, is theexecutive assistant to the administratorof Puerto Rico's "Operation Bootstrap"development program. Gregory Votaw,AM '50, is chief of the technical servicesja the department of industrial servicesfor the same program.Naomi Saeks Christman, '50, and herhusband, Robert A., '48, live in New YorkCity with their son, David Andrew, bornJanuary 1, 1959.Margie Blons Ellenbogen, '50, lives inMt. Lebanon, Pa. She and her husbandl>.",e three children: Joan, five; Lynn,ti.roe; and Tom, one.Raymond C. Ellis, Jr., '50, MBA '53,has recently been appointed director ofthe Small Business and Associations Division of the National Safety Council, withheadquarters in Chicago. He is also serving as hospital safety consultant and seniorengineer in the development of safetyprograms for trades and services organizations throughout the nation.Jean Whitman Gilpatriek, '50, has movedto Sweet Briar College in Sweet Briar, Va.,where her husband, Thomas, has accepteda post as assistant professor of government.Morton Gordon, AM '50, PhD '53, whoh ids the San Francisco Extension Centerot the University of California, has plannedmany interesting programs as part of aprogram to establish an adult center forthe fine arts and music.George A. Harris, '50, has been transferred from the purchasing division ofAmerican Air Lines, Inc. at La GuardiaAirport, N. Y., to the American Air LinesTulsa Maintenance Center in Tulsa, Okla.Mr. Harris is the director of purchasingand stores.Ernest S. Newmark, '50, MBA '53, is anassent for the New York Life Insurance Co.ii Hie Chicago area.Robert P. Anderson, AM '51, PhD '54,lias been promoted to associate professorof psychology at Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Tex. Mr. Anderson is aregional eo-ordinator for Project TALENT,a nation-wide testing program under thedirection of the University of Pittsburgh.Margaret Arent, AM '51, returned to theU of C in December to complete a criticaltranslation of one of the Icelandic Sagasafter a fourteen months stay in Iceland asthe first holder of a Fulbright fellowshipto that country. Miss Arent was an in-s! (-tor in the U of C College from 19551' i 958. In February, she became an instructor of German and Scandinavian atthe University of Texas.Martin Gouterman, '51, SM '55, PhD '58, is an instructor in the chemistry department at Harvard University, where he isdoing research in chemical physics.Charles Tiplitz, AM '51, writes of anew addition to his family, Kim Lois, bornlast August 17. Mr. Tiplitz docs graduatework at the Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey in the evenings andworks as a consulting engineer in NewJersey.Safari A. Witmer, PhD '51, of FortWayne, Ind., is now serving as executivedirector of the Accrediting Association ofBible Colleges.52-55John W. Devor, PhD '52, is chairmanof the department of education at TheAmerican University in Washington, D. C.Chimere Ikoku, MS '52, who is workingfor an industrial firm in Lagos, Nigeria,has organized an evening adult-educationcenter in cooperation with other U of Calumni. He expects to return to campusto work for his Ph.D. this winter.Sven Lundstedt, '52, PhD '55, currentlyhas a post-doctoral fellowship at theHarvard University School of PublicHealth in the area of community mentalhealth. He is also doing mental healthconsultation in the New York-Boston area.Mr. Lundstedt and his wife will welcomethe birth of their third child this winter.Harold A. Ward, III, '52, JD '55, ofWinter Park, Fla., is a partner in the firmof Winderweedle, Haines, Hunter & Ward,a newly formed law partnership.William Blau, AM '53, formerly in thecreative advertising research departmentof the Toni Co., has been named vicepresident in charge of marketing for HarleyEarl Assoc, a Detroit industrial designfirm.Van R. Gathany, MBA '53, has beenpromoted to second vice president in thetrust department of The Northern TrustCo. in Chicago. Mr. Gathany, his wifeand their three children live in LakeForest, 111.Gordon L. Goodman, AM '53, PhD '56,formerly in charge of publicity for theAmerican Historical Assoc, meetings inChicago, is now assistant professor ofhistory at the Chicago branch of the University of Illinois, teaching English andEuropean history.E. M. Amir, PhD '54, senior researchchemist for the Humble Oil and RefiningCo. in Baytown, Tex., has been granteda U. S. patent on a process for manufacturing chlorinated petrochemicals by theinteraction of ordinary carbon tetrachloridewith petroleum hydrocarbons. The research was done in the Humble laboratories.James F. Davidson, PhD '54, associateprofessor of political science at the University of Tennessee, has been appointedto the newly created post of assistant tothe dean of the liberal arts at that school.Remick McDowell, MBA '54, presidentelect of the Peoples Gas Light and Coke Co., has accepted the chairmanship of theChicago Business Division of the AmericanCancer Society, Illinois Division for the1960 Cancer Crusade. As chairman of thedivision, Mr. McDowell will be workingwith 17,000 firms in all types of industryto raise $369,000 of the total $1,750,000statewide goal. Mr. McDowell is activein civic affairs in the Chicago area, beinga member of the board of governors ofMr. Wartik "49andMr. Ellis '50the Metropolitan Housing and PlanningCouncil and a member of the executiveand national committees of the NationalConference of Christians and Jews.Helen E. Wysocki, AM '54, left activeduty with the Army Nurse Corps in Augustand is now the assistant chief of nursingeducation at the Veterans AdministrationHospital in Fort Wayne, Ind. Miss Wysocki writes that the newly-arrived assistant chief of the nursing service there isCorrine Tanner, AM '59.Amy Frances Brown, PhD '55, has movedMARCH, 1960 31Mr. Black '59from Rock Island, 111., to Lexington, Ky.She is to be a visiting professor at NazarethCollege in Louisville, Ky., but will spendthe greater part of her time workingtoward the completion of the manuscriptof her book, Medical and Surgical NursingI, for which the deadline is September,1960. Miss Brown writes: "I hope thatU of C friends will stop by in Lexingtonto visit us. It is on the most sensibledriving route from Chicago to Florida, sofits in beautifully on an itinerary for asouthern vacation. As an added attraction,I might mention that we shall be aboutPOND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-71S0LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVER Mr. McDowell '54five minutes from Keeneland, which stagesseveral times a year races which to aKentuckian, are much more exciting thanthe Derby." The address of her newhome is 1042 Delia Drive, Lexington, Ky.Ralph J. Henkle, '55, JD '58, reportsthe horrifying experience of having apowder plant blow up a short distancefrom his home in New Jersey with resultant broken foundation, cracked walls,broken dishes and blown out windows.Eula Redenbaugh, AM '55, is the executive director of the University of ColoradoYWCA.William H. Seckinger, '55, JD '58, wasrecently appointed a reserve officer in theAir Force, with the grade of first lieutenant.56-59Charles H. Barrow, MBA '56, has beennamed a second vice president in the commercial banking department of The Northern Trust Co. of Chicago, where he hasheld various executive posts since joiningthe bank in 1952. Mr. Barrow lives inGlen Ellyn, 111., where he is the ParkDistrict Commissioner, with his wife andthree daughters. Philip W. K. Sweet, Jr.,MBA '57, has been promoted to secondvice president in the bond department ofthe same bank. Mr. Sweet lives in LakeForest, 111., with his wife and two children.The Northern Trust Co. reports that heis secretary of The Harvard Club of Chicago, a member of the Bond Club ofChicago, the Municipal Bond Club ofChicago, the Central States InvestmentBankers Assoc., the U. S. Naval Reserve,the Hasty Pudding Institute of 1770, andthe Bath and Tennis Club of Lake Forest,111.William P. Gerberding, AM '56, PhD'59, has been appointed an instructor inpolitical science at Colgate University in Hamilton, N. Y. Last spring, under anAmerican Political Science Assoc. Congressional Fellowship, he worked in theoffice of Rep. Frank Thompson (D-N.J,)and Senator Eugene McCarthy (D-Minn.).Mr. Gerberding and his wife have oneson, David.Frederick A. Karst, '56, '58, is generalassignment reporter for the Logansport,Ind., Morning Press.Floyd Oatman, MBA '56, has joined themarketing staff of A. T. Kearney & Co.,management consultants, Chicago.David J. Pittman, PhD '56, is the coauthor with C. W. Gordon, of The Revolving Door: A Story of the Chronic PoliceCase Inebriate, published by the FreePress (Glencoe, 111.) and the Yale Centerof Alcohol Studies in 1958. Mr. Pittman,a research assistant professor in the department of psychiatry, neurology andsociology at the Washington UniversitySchool of Medicine, is also the editor ofAlcoholism: An Interdisciplinary Approachby Charles C. Thomas, published in 1959.Alan M. Weintraub, MD '56, is takinghis residency at Georgetown UniversityHospital in Washington, D. C, after twoyears with the Navy as attending physicianto the U. S. Congress.Paul Glatzer, MA '58, married SusanBaker on December 19 at the GeorgianHotel in Evanston, III. Both Mr. and Mrs.Glatzer are in their second year of teachingat the Glenbrook High School in North-brook, 111. Mr. Glatzer teaches history;Mrs. Glatzer teaches English.Valerie Goldstein, MA '58, has beenappointed instructor in religion at HobartCollege in Geneva, N. Y.Major Oliver Hendricks, MBA '58, is thebudget officer at Donaldson Air Force Basein Greenville, S. C.Douglas B. Masson, PhD '58, who isteaching at Rice Institute in Houston, Tex.,was a member of the metallurgy department of the Argonne National Laboratorylast summer.Carol E. Miller, jr., JD '58, recentlyfinished a management training programand is permanently assigned as assistantto the administrative officer of the NationalInstitute of Mental Health in Bethesda,Md. Mr. Miller, his wife and son live inSilver Springs, Md.Gerald R. Zins, PhD '58, of Nicollet,Minn., has joined the pharmacology department of the Upjohn Co. of Kalamazoo,Mich.William D. Black, MBA '59, was recently appointed assistant general salesmanager of the Automatic TransportationCo. of Chicago, manufacturers of electric-driven industrial trucks.Lawrence W. Downey, PhD '59, hasrecently been promoted to assistant professor of education at the University ofChicago.Frank Lynch, PhD '59, is the first director of the new Institute of PhilippineCulture in Manila. The Institute is aninterdisciplinary social science researchorganization sponsored by the local Jesuituniversity, and is especially concerned withproblems of education, economic development, and definition of the Philippine national image.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMemorialJohn Mentzer, '98, preresident of Mentzer,Bush & Co., publishers, s, Chicago, died onJanuary 14 after an exte tended illness. Mr.Mentzer was 82 years o old. He graduatedin one of the earliest UU of C classes andwas cited by the Alumihni Association forcivic leadership in 194M8, the 50th anniversary of his graduatioron.Thomas J. Swisher, M4D '03, died in LosAngeles, Calif., on Octolober 21.Max Thorek, MD 'O04, founder of- theInternational College oiof Surgeons and afounder and chief surgeceon of the AmericanHospital in Chicago, didied at his home inChicago on January 2 El. He was worldrenowned for his contriributions to surgeryand had been decoratated by numerousforeign governments amnd U. S. organizations. A native of Hurimgary, he came toChicago in 1900 with i his parents, bothof whom were surge^eons. Dr. Thorekopened his first office e in the slums ofChicago's West Side < and spent severalyears in the general proractice of medicinebefore entering surgery .y. He then specialized in reconstructive susurgery, independentresearch in the field o of glandular transplantation and the de^evelopment of newmethods and techniqques. Thirty yearsago, he perfected a sumrgical procedure toreduce the mortality n rate in gall-bladderoperations. In additioron to founding theInternational College of Surgeons, Dr.Thorek was editor of itsts Journal. He was aprofessor of clinical surg'gery at Cook CountyGraduate School of Mecedicine, an attendingsurgeon at Cook Counmty Hospital, and aconsulting surgeon at th.he Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium. Ahdmost as famous ashis surgery was his abibility as an amateurphotographer. Severalal of his camerastudies won internationmal prizes. Survivorsinclude his wife, Fanmnie, and a son, Dr.Philip Thorek, also a C Chicago surgeon.Porter H. Morgan, JIJD '06, of OklahomaCity, Okla., died on AAugust 17.Robert McNair Davisis, JD '07, of Arlington, Texas, died last JiJune 22.Russell M. Wilder, , '08, PhD '12, MD'12, a member of the e staff of the MayoClinic from 1919 to 1(1929 and from 1931until his retirement inin 1950, died in St.Mary's Hospital in Rdochester, Minn., onDecember 16. Madeline Pfeiffer, '10, died on January3 in St. Joseph, Mo.Chester R. Swackhamer, '10, MD '13,former chief surgeon for the MagniaCopper Co. in Superior, Ariz., died onJune 8, 1957.Cecilia Russell, '12, AM '28, died inFayetteville, Ark., on October 17.Isadore A. Rabens, '14, SM 15, MD '16,of Lynwood, Calif., died on July 15, 1958.Ralph W. Davis, '16, former chairmanof the board of governors of the ChicagoStock Exchange, died recently in Geneva,111.C. Curry Bell, MD '18, of St. Paul,Minn., died on October 9.Everett N. Collins, '19, MD '23, headof the department of gastroenterology atthe Cleveland Clinic Foundation, died inCleveland Heights, Ohio, on November 6.Margaret . Brown O'Connor, PhD '19,died on December 15 in Sioux City, Iowa.Irene K. Jennings, '23, who taught for30 years at the Horace Mann High Schoolin Gary, Ind., died on January 13.Myrtle Enloe, '24, died in Houston, Tex.,in January.Mabel M. Wilson, '26, died on August 20.Helen A. Fornason, AM '29, died onJanuary 22.Astrid M. Hammarborg, '30, died inOctober in Washington, D. C.Helen McFrancis Friedman, '31, diedin the summer of 1959 in Los Angeles,Calif.Harold E. Bowers, PhD '32, who hadbeen at the Aeronautical Research Laboratory of the Wright Air Development Center in Dayton, Ohio, died last November.Ethel Williams Forbes, AM '32, died onOctober 23 in Santa Cruz, Calif.Priscilla Mead Rosten, '33, died in NewYork City on December 1.Willson Masters Turtle, '35, died onJanuary 6 in California. Mr. Tuttle, vicepresident in charge of television for Fuller,Smith & Ross Advertising in Los Angeles,was once a member of the resident actingcompany of the Goodman Theatre inChicago.Marcia Lome Kritchevsky, '41, of Chicago, died in December.Mary Beymer Whitney Sterett, AM '41,of Northbrook, 111., died on January 3.Fayette Mulroy Nichol, '47, died in NewYork in August, 1957. Herman M. Weisberg, '48, JD '49, diedon October 30 in Columbus, Ohio.John Charles Libby, MBA'53, died onOctober 2 in Philadelphia, Pa.ROBERT CARLTON WOELLNERRobert C. Woellner, AM'24, died at hishome, 5630 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago,Saturday, January 30, from a heart attack.Only last fall hundreds of University friendshad crowded the large Quadrangle Clublibrary at his retirement party.He retired as Associate Professor of Education, Assistant Dean of Students, Secretary to the Faculties, and Director of Vocational Guidance and Placement. He hadbeen a member of the faculty 38 years;Director of Guidance and Placement 30years. The next day he agreed to becomecoordinator of student teachers at the University.Bob had returned from a tiring Washington trip on Thursday. He went directlyinto a conference at his office. Friday herested at home. Saturday, his doctor decided that he should go to the hospital fora check-up the first of the week. Near midnight he died.If it is possible for a man of characterto have no enemies, Bob would come nearest to qualifying. As my opening paragraphwould indicate, he was always willingcheerfully to take on more than his shareof responsibilities. This carried over, withhis wife Elizabeth, to community life. Theywere a happy and popular couple and hisfriends filled the huge Hyde Park BaptistChurch at the Tuesday memorial service.Their son, Dick, who had earned threedegrees (including an M.D.) from Chicago,returned with his wife, Peggy, from Minneapolis, where he is interning at the University of Minnesota's Veteran Hospital.They spent the week with his mother.Bob was a hard-working member of theCabinet of the Alumni Association. TheUniversity's flag, resting at half mast,marked the passing of a great and truefriend of alumni, faculty, students andfriends not only in Chicago but across theprofessional national Helds where he wasknown and appreciated.H.W.M.MARCH, 1960 33Make a note of these Reunion datesWednesday June 8 Annual Owl & Serpent ConventionThursday June 9 Annual Order of the C dinnerAlumni-Varsity, baseball game on Stagg Field in afternoonFriday June 10 Campus and neighborhood bus tour — a visit to ArgonneNational Laboratory (operated for the Atomic EnergyCommission by the University) — special Alumni Schoolsessions. Class reunions in the evening.Saturday June 11 Alumni DaySpecial Alumni School sessions — campus and neighborhood tours — annual Alumnae Brunch — Reunion andAwards Luncheon — All-Alumni Buffet Dinner — Communications Dinner — annual Interfraternity SingThe June Alumni SchoolThis is the cultural side of Reunion— -that makes your trip to Chicagoand the Midway seriously worth taking. The next issue of theMagazine and of Tower Topics will announce specific panels,demonstrations, and discussions by faculty authorities on such subjects as music and art — our future Russian relations — demonstrationsin medical progress — outer space comes nearer — -behind the politicalconventions — changes in the College program.Meanwhile— help make the 1 960 Alumni Gift unanimous. Your gifts through the Foundation, and the Law, Business, Social Service, or Medical divisions ofthe University all count in our annual Honor Roll of participation.And $ 1 00 or more also will list you in the 1 960 Century Club.Plan your Chicago trip for June 8-11