? - I«£^ •¦>¦¦¦ * *V >W*K"S t&iS^' *:'.*"< b,k^'-*¦¦' IfME.X\U *rL.K« •**** OCTOBER 1959. . . a hand in things to comeApart they're liquid ... together they're solidAnother useful plastic— part of tomorrow's world in the makingThese two liquids flow as freely as water. Yet when poured together they quickly turn into a solid — without the use of heat or pressure.Harder than many metals, the resulting plastic is called epoxy.Delicate parts for television, radio, and other electronic equipment are embedded in epoxies to protect them from moisture and vibration.In the new plastic boat industry, epoxies and reinforcing fibers are sprayedon at the same time to build up a strong, durable hull. And epoxy coatingsmake possible chemical-resistant surfaces for tank linings, transform cinderblock surfaces into a glazed tile-like finish, and provide new non-skid floorsurfaces for industrial buildings and all forms of mass transportation.Many industries are now looking to epoxies to make betterthings for you. Developing and producing epoxies — as well as such otherimportant plastics as phenolics, styrenes, vinyls and polyethylenes — is onlyone of the many jobs of the people of Union Carbide. Learn about the exciting workgoing on now in plastics, car-bons, chemicals, gases, metals,and nuclear energy. Write for"Products and Processes"Booklet E, Union CarbideCorporation, 30 East 42ndStreet, New York 17, N. Y. InCanada, Union Carbide CanadaLimited, Toronto....a hand-in things to comeCleveland boat tripToo late for the June issue was thereport of the Cleveland Club's boat tripup the Cuyahoga River through the industrial area on Sunday, May 24th. Over100 alumni, friends and children enjoyedthe day under the chairmanship of DavidA. Miller, MBA '57.Re-tooling for 1960New Association officers. John F. Dille, Jr.,'35, AM '56, of Elkhart, Indiana, has beenelected president of the Alumni Association to succeed Arthur R. Cahill, '31. Mrs.Frances Henderson Higgins, '20, of Michigan City, Indiana, is the new vice president succeeding Ethel Kawin, '11, AM '25.This is the first time either or both ofthe two top officers of the Association haveresided beyond the immediate Chicagoarea. The new Indiana toll road, whichjoins Chicago's Calumet Skyway, simplifiesthe commuting problem direct to the Midway for these Indiana residents.In Elkhart, Jack (as he is known to hiswide circle of alumni and Universityfriends) is president of the Truth Publishing Co., Inc. He publishes the Elkhartdaily afternoon newspaper and operatesWSJV, a South Bend-Elkhart TV station.As president of Truth Radio Corporationhe is responsible for WTRC radio station.He also heads the corporation whichoperates WKJG and WKJG-TV in FortWayne, Indiana.Jack is vice president and director ofthe National Newspaper Syndicate of Chicago. This syndicate was founded by hisReading from the top: Trustee AlbertPick, Jr., Association Vice-PresidentFrances Higgins, President John F.Dille, Jr., Foundation Chairman BuddGore, and Trustee Robert P. Gwinn. Memojmfather, John F. Dille, '09, and the president, since his father's death, has beenJack's brother, Robert, '44.John Dille is a member of the AmericanSociety of Newspapers Editors and was amember of its panel on "Foreign Coverage" at the Washington, D.C. conventionlast April. lie is also on the board ofgovernors of the A.B.C. television network.His wife is the former Jayne Paulman,'37. They have two children, John F., Ill,17, and Joanne, 10.Already, on an eastern business trip,Jack has consulted with our New York clubofficers, most of whom are old friends, andin Seattle with our club leaders whosefriendships date back to campus days.Mrs. Higgins, who married the 1919football captain, Charles G. Higgins, hasalways been prominent in alumni activities. The family lived in Oak Park untilrecently when Charles retired from anexecutive position with Merrill Lynch,Pierce, Fenner & Smith and they movedto a Duneland Beach home at MichiganCity.Both Mr. and Mrs. Higgins were citedas worthy citizens by the Association in1954 for their many civic activities inChicago and the western suburbs of OakPark and River Forest.New Foundation chairman. Budd Gore, '33,advertising manager of the Chicago DailyNews, has succeeded Howard L. Willett,Jr., as chairman of the Alumni Foundation.During World War II Mr. Gore was oncampus as chief administrative officer ofthe Manhattan Project MetallurgicalLaboratory in the development of theatom bomb. He also served as the firstcivilian supervisor of the Greater ChicagoDefense Filter Station and five groundobserver corps posts. He was also chiefwarden for the Chicago Civil DefenseCorps.Before joining the Daily News staff in1955 as retail advertising manager, hewas associated with Marshall Field & Co.;v\lA I..New Alumni Association staff members: Programming DirectorLucy Vandenburgh, Eastern Regional Director W. Ronald Sims,and Fund Director John A. Pond.the H. & S. Pogue Co. of Cincinnati; wasassistant to the executive editor of theChicago Sun-Times; and publicity directorfor Hall Brothers Co., a Cleveland department store. He became advertisingmanager of the News early this year.Budd has been a member of the AlumniFoundation Board for a number of years.For the 1959 campaign he was the Foundation director for the Greater Chicagoarea. In 1958 he was cited for publicservice by the Alumni Association.Budd Gore is a dedicated and dynamicalumnus. He is moving into his newresponsibilities with imagination and vigor.Already he has had some 25 colored slidesmade, showing campus and Hyde Parkprogress. He will carry these with himon his trips around the country where hehopes to meet with fund committees andinterested alumni.Two new TrusteesSince our last issue, two alumni wereelected to the University's Board of Trustees: Robert P. Gwinn, '29, president andgeneral manager of the Sunbeam Corporation, Chicago, and Albert Pick, Jr., '17,president of the Pick Hotels Corporation,Chicago.Gwinn is also a trustee of the Universityof Chicago Cancer Research Foundationand a member of the Council of the Graduate School of Business. He is a memberof the board of the Illinois State Chamberof Commerce and a trustee of Hanover(Indiana) College.Albert Pick, Jr., as president of the PickHotels Corp., has thirty hotel propertiesin sixteen states. In 1954 he was named"Hotel Man of the Year."One of his major civic interests has beenand still is La Rabida Jackson Park Sanitarium (of which he is president of theboard), affiliated with the University. He is also on the board of International House.Mr. Pick has been a member of theAlumni Foundation Board for a number ofyears and is president of his College Classof 1917. He has been active in numerousother civic organizations. In 1952 he wascited by the Alumni Association for publicservice.New Fund Director. John A. Pond, MBA'50, joined the Chicago office of the AlumniAssociation in September to become Director of the Alumni Foundation.From 1944 to 1946 he was procurementchief for the Metallurgical Laboratories ofthe Manhattan Project at the University.He then became assistant purchasing agentfor the University until 1950.After three years with New York University Bellevue Medical Center as director of purchasing he moved to Boulderwhere he was director of purchasing forthe University of Colorado until he returned to Chicago.John and his wife, Barbara, left theirtwo sons in Colorado where Robert isattending college and Jeffrey is finishinghigh school.Florence Medow, '43, who has beenacting director for the Foundation, hasbeen made Chicago Area and MidwestDirector of the Alumni Fund.Programming. Mrs. Lucy Vandenburghhas succeeded Mrs. Elizabeth Bobrinskoyas program director for the Association.(Betsey had a 10-pound boy, CharlesKellogg, August 7th, at Chicago Lying-in.Dad George V. Bobrinskoy, Jr., JD '59, isclerk to Federal Judge Sterry Watermanof the second circuit court of appeals fora year so the family has moved to St.Johnsbury, Vermont for this period.)Lucy Vanderburgh grew up in Oak Park, attended Grinnell College in Iowa,returned to Oak Park as a reporter onOak Leaves, worked in advertising in Chicago and San Francisco, was married toGarret K. Vandenburgh and landed onthe Midway last year when Garret decidedto work for his Master of Business Administration degree at the University.We found Lucy working in our publicrelations department and drafted her forour programming vacancy. She broke inunder Betsey just ahead of June Reunion.Eastern Regional Director. A new directorof the Eastern Regional Office of theAlumni Association has just been appointed.He is W. Ronald Sims who did his undergraduate work at Northwestern University.He has been Assistant Director of AlumniRelations at that university since his graduation. Ronald is married to Greta HeleneMaerkle of Cleveland. They have one son,six months old.Ronald spent September on the guad-rangles in an intensive orientation periodbefore assuming his East Coast dutiesOctober 1st.Western Regional Director. Mary Leeman,Director of our Western Regional Officein San Francisco, took the summer off anda slow boat to Tahiti. She refers to thetrip as a "fabulously debilitating summerin Tahiti." Debilitating or not, she hasreturned with new enthusiasms for herWest Coast operations. She was in Chicagoduring Freshman Orientation Week makingfaculty and new-student contacts andbringing her Chicago information up todate.During Mary's summer absence, alumnusLeland H. Mahood, formerly with ourWest Coast operations and now head ofhis own consulting firm, had charge ofthe office.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEXhen the Queen askedto see the launching of amoon rocket she was toldthat the request poseddifficulties becausefuture visitors might use itas a precedent. "Why don'tyou," she suggested helpfully, "make a rule thatonly queens andupwards can go?"TIME, March 9, 1959The Democratic attacksstung a man alreadysmarting from the'Won't-Do Congress" label.The prideful leader withfollowers in revolt, theskilled compromiser withcompromises underattack from two sideswas still a big, high-visibility target.TIME, July 6, 1959At the New Delhi airport,crowds surged forwardand nearly smotheredtheir guest from overseaswith garlands. PrimeMinister Nehru hailed himas "the symbol of Africanindependence" . . . "lnAfrica," cooed Bombay'sFree Press Journal,"it is he who wears the-mantle of the Mahaima."time, January 5, 1959He is a hearty, hard-driving man, a nimble andsometimes even engagingpolitician. Since he isat the top of theCommunist heap, he isobviously a ruthless con-niver; and since he gotto the top so fast, heapparently has not daredto cross his boss.TIME, July IS, 1959 ANYONEWE-IV 1 1 V/ TT • Well, of course. Important in thenews. That's the one who . . . who . . .Uncertainty can strike often these dizzying days. If you'renot sure which is the rocket genius, which the rebel general ... or if you know who's who but not nearly as muchas you'd like about what makes him tick — then perhaps it'stime to re-discover TIME.There's not much chance you've never read TIME. Morethan three-fourths of TIME subscribers are college peoplelike yourself — and half of today's undergraduates arealready reading it. But it's possible you haven't been seeing time lately — and miss the stories you found nowhereelse, the personalities in the news you used to know so well.You could always count on time for pinning people down— an adjective here, an anecdote there that would transform a name into a real live friend or foe. You'll still findplenty of distinctive epithets — tycoons and cineminxes.But time today goes further and deeper — with the mostextensive coverage, the sharpest editing, the brightestwriting any source of news can offer you.Why not try it for a while, and see. The news means morethe closer you are to the people who make it, and TIMEtakes you really close.TIME • 540 North Michigan Ave. • Chicago 11, III.Today he can tip backhis head and look atthe sky. Beyond itsoutermost blue are theworld-encompassing beltsof fierce radiation thatbear his name. No humanname has ever been givento a more majestic feature of the planet Earth.time, May h, 1959U3JIV UBj\ S3UI»fPUB 'AO|SO)J [OJJ 'lIBUl-njij^j auiBMjj 'uosuqofuopuAi'Buuapajj uoanf) ^8 «^ S ? Please send me TIME for 27weeks and bill me for only $1.97? I prefer 5 years for $20. 3404These rotes good only in U.S. and Canada. In all other countries. 23 weeks for $2.973Pi^iWlEitSIfYMAGAZINE5733 University AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisMidway 3-0800; Extension 3244EDITOR Marjorie BurkhardtIN THIS ISSUEFEATURES5 Saludos Amigos8.. Canada, U.S, and the SeawayHarold M. MayerII Alumni Collect Pan American Art13 "Saturation Study": Mayan Project14 Here the Struggle Is Economic16 A Literature from the LandBernardo Bianco-GonzalezDEPARTMENTS1 _ -Memo Pad18 News of the Quadrangles22.... Class News30 _ MemorialsThe University of ChicagoALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPRESIDENT.. John F. Dille, Sr.EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Howard W. MortADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTRuth G. HalloranPROGRAMMING.. ..Lucy Tye VandenburghALUMNI FOUNDATIONDirector John A PondChicago-Midwest Area Florence MedowREGIONAL OFFICESEastern RegionW. Ronald SimsRoom 22, 31 E. 39th StreetNew York 17, N Y.MUrray Hill 3-1518Western RegionMary LeemanRoom 318, 717 Market St.San Francisco 3, Calif.Los Angeles BranchMrs. Marie Stephens1195 Charles St., Pasadena 3After 3 P.M.— SYcamore 3-4545MEMBERSHIP RATES(Including Magazine)I year, $5.00; 3 years, $12.00Published monthly, October through June, by theUniversity of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois Annualsubscription price, $5.00 Single copies, 25 centsEntered as second class matter December I, 1934,at the Post Office of Chicago, Illinois, under theact of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, 22 Washington Sguare, NewYork, N Y. BROOKS BROTHERS T© ¥S58¥THIRTY-THREE CITIES THIS FALLOur Travelling Representatives will display ourSuits, priced from $85 j Sport Jackets, from $605and Furnishings... as specified below. We invite youto come in and place your orders during these visits.^&&'^^00r7^0&r7)~jG&'7Ljm^Albany— Sheraton- Ten EyckNov. 17, 18Atlanta— -Dinkier-PlazaNov. 9, 10, 11Baltimore— Southern HotelOct. 26, 27Bir mingha m— Dinkier- TutzvilerNov. 12, 13, 14Buffalo— HW StatlerOct. 13, 14; Nov. 10, 11Charlotte— Hotel CharlotteNov. 5, 6Cincinnati— Netherland-HiltonOct. 12, 13, 14; Nov. 11, 12, 13Cleveland— Hotel StatlerOct. 9, 10, 12; Nov. 6, 7,9Columbus— Deshler-HiltonOct. 7, 8; Nov. 9, 10Dallas— Adolphus HotelOct. 1,2,3Dayton— Van Cleve HotelOct. 9, 10; Nov. 6, 7Denver— Broun PalaceOct. 19,20,21Detroit — Sheraton-CadillacOct. 3,5,6,30,31; Nov. 2, 3 Kansas City (Kansas)— Tozcn HouseOct. 22,23Louisville— B rotcn HotelOct. 8,9, 10Memphis— Hotel PeabodyOct. 5, 6Minneapolis— Radisson HotelOct.924, 26; Nov. 30; Dec. 1New Orleans— Roosevelt HotelNov. 16, 17, 18Omaha —Sheraton-FontenelleNov. 27, 28Philadelphia— Bellevue-StratfoidOct.' 22, 23, 24Pittsburgh— Penn-She? atonSept. 29, 30; Oct. 1,2,27,28,29Richmond— Jefferson HotelNov. 2, 3Rochester— Hotel SheratonOct. 15, 16; Nov. 12/13San Antonio— Gunter HotelSept. 28, 29$\. Louis— Hotel StatlerOct. 15, 16, 17; Nov. 14, 16, 17Syracuse— Hotel SyracuseNov. 14, 16THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESALUDOS AMIGOS"Pan American Village" became thedesignation of many of the buildingsof the campus late this summer whenover 1,500 athletes of the Pan American Games were housed, fed andentertained here. From the time theteams arrived and ceremonially raisedtheir countries' flags on the poles setaround the Pan Am flag in front ofIda Noyes, they made themselves anoisy, colorful and welcome additionto campus.Uniformed athletes— usually talkingexcitedly in Spanish— made early morning pilgrimages to Bartlett and theField House, practiced on the Midwav,lounged on the Chancellor's front steps.A phonograph played a cha-cha underthe windows of Wiebolt as grad students trudged by with thick briefcases.An impromtu Volkswagon-jumping contest was held in the Lexington parkinglot. On a typical day complimentaryrefreshments in the amount of 8,000cokes, 140 gallons of milk, and 1,200ice cream cups were consumed at IdaNoyes alone.As host to the athletes, the University provided housing, athletic facilities—for practice, though not for competition—and meals. The dining room wasopen some days as early as 5:15 A.M.for cyclists who wanted to train beforethe temperature got into the nineties,and some evenings it didn't close untilas late as two in the morning.The Renaissance Society of the University hung a special exhibit of LatinAmerican drawings in the Student Center of the New Dormitory, and throughout the Chicago area Chicago industrialist Arnold H. Maremont, '24,JD'26, set up a Festival of the Americas: Latin American architecture,photography, art, folk and Indian arts,and music.When Mr. Maremont took on the jobof chairman of this cultural festival, hesaid that he had one thing in mind:to prove that Central and South America have more to offer than athletesand the cha-cha. The Festival provedhis point, but to many people at theUniversity the programs were not new,for, as perhaps some of the featuresof this Pan American issue of theMagazine will show, the University haslong had many scientific and culturalties throughout this hemisphere.In the field of astronomy, the University has a joint program with the Universities of Texas and Chile. Underthis program an observatory will beconstructed near Santiago, Chile; itsfirst telescope will be a sixty-inch instrument supplied by Chicago undercontract with the U.S. Air Force.Cosmic ray monitoring stations inPeru and Mexico are operated by LatiiiAmerican personnel at the universitiesthere for Chicago's Cosmic RadiationGroup studies under John A. Simpson.Horace R. Byers and Herbert Riehlof the Department of Meteorology recently completed a study of the floodrains of the eastern Andes and Oronocoplain in Venezuela, to aid in the designing of a new dam on the upper RioBocono. In 1943, further meteorologywork was done in Latin America whenChicago established an Institute ofTropical Meteorology in Puerto Ricoin cooperation with the University ofPuerto Rico.John Corominas, professor of Romancelanguages here, is author of the firstcomplete historical dictionary of theSpanish language. Published in fourvolumes, the dictionary took nearlytwenty years to prepare and involvedextensive travels through Spain, Cuba,Mexico and South America as a whole.Daniel N. Cardenas, working in thesame department as Mr. Corominas,is at present making an analysis of theacoustic qualities of the Spanish vowelsof Spanish America through the useof spectographv. His aim is a linguisticatlas of the whole of South America.J. Roberto Moreira, visiting professorof education, is coauthor with ProfessorRobert J. Havighurst of the book Societyand Education in Brazil. Mr. Havighurst has spent about half his timesince 1956 in Brazil helping to establish the new Government Center forEducational Research, of which he isco-director.And one final example: Dr. Edith L.Potter first went to South America tenyears ago when the Brazilian Ministryof Health asked her assistance in solving the problem of high infant mortality. In the following years she haslectured, taught, established laboratories throughout Latin America. Afew years ago, the Edith L. PotterLaboratory was dedicated in Rio deJaneiro.Pan American Village Photos,including cover: Albert C. Flores5INFORMACION: Ida Noyes, the center for postal service, money exchange, free medical service, freemilk, free cokes, efolor TV, records, nightly entertainment and dancing. Below: tour service, translation and a slow moment at Western Union. Bottom of page: the Cloister Club on a typical night.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe lawn between the New Dormitory and Ida Noyes took on this appearance every evening before dinner. Particularly in the first days of the Games,the Chicago summer heat made this a welcome cool spot to stretch out.Bartlett, Field House and Stagg Field facilities wereused for practice sessions. That Venezuelan fencerhadn't expected to score against his opponent. " " inTr ¦An evening's entertainment fills the North Stands.OCTOBER, 1959 7LOWER ST LAWRENCEexisting deep channelMAJOR FEATURES OF THEST LAWRENCE SEAWAY AND GREATLAKES CONNECTING CHANNELPROJECTS50 100 WELLAND SHIP CANALdeepened from 25 to 27 feetDETROIT RIVER, LAKE ST. CLAIRAND ST CLAIR RIVER, present 24 feet a0wnboundand 21 feet upbound to be deepened to 75 feet by1959 ond 27 feet by 1962Mr. Mayer has served on the Chicago Regional PortDistrict Board, and done consulting work with municipal, professional and transportation organizationsin planning problems associated with the Seaway.In late 1956, he was commissioned by Mayor Daleyof Chicago to do a report on the future port of Chicago. He here compares the investments and benefitsof the U.S. and Canada in the Seaway.This spring the enlarged St. Lawrence Seaway forthe first time enabled standard sized ocean-going cargovessels to reach the Great Lakes, and large lake bulkcarriers to penetrate eastward into the tidewater St.Lawrence. Contrary to popular opinion, this accomplishment does not mark the opening of a new waterway, but a series of enlargements of a waterway whichhas existed and which has handled regular commercialtraffic between the Great Lakes and the sea for manyyears. Canada had developed a route between theGreat Lakes and the sea over a period of a century anda half, using the St. Lawrence River for a major partof the distance. The Port of Montreal, a thousand milesfrom the open ocean, is not only the greatest port ofCanada; it is also one of the great inland ports of theworld, and it is a seasonal port, closed to navigationfor about a third of each year.Canada is a country of vast distances. Its foreign tradeis relatively more important than is that of the UnitedStates. Many of its major products find importantmarkets overseas. Its pulp and paper competes inmany markets, including that of the U. S., with similarproducts from northern Europe. Its wheat competesoverseas with wheat from Australia, Argentina, andother areas where the production is much more accessible directly to low-cost ocean transportation. And, inspite of rapid recent and potential increase in manufacturing, many of its demands for manufactured products must continue to be met from foreign sources, notonly from the U. S., but, more significantly for ourpresent concern, from overseas. Anything which willreduce transportation costs from and to the continentalinterior on movement of raw materials, foodstuffs, andmanufactured goods will thus be of great benefit toboth the U. S. and Canada— but more especially toCanada because of that nation's greater dependenceon foreign trade. It is understandable why Canada authorized construction of the Seaway three yearsearlier than the United States, and was prepared toassume the entire cost if the United States provedunwilling to participate.Along the Seaway, above Montreal, vessels mustbe raised a distance of 580 feet to reach the level oflakes Huron and Michigan, and therefore Chicago, ina distance of 1,250 miles. Most of the way is naturalwaterway which has required no improvement. Threesituations, however, between Montreal and Chicago,have required artificial improvement.These three groups of improvements represent anoutstanding example of cooperation among neighboringnations. One of them, the improvement of the St.Lawrence river and canal system between Montrealand Lake Ontario, represents the major part of thepresent St. Lawrence Seaway program proper, and itis being accomplished jointly by the two nations, atno cost to the taxpayers of either nation. More aboutthis later.The second situation is the connection between LakeOntario and Lake Erie, through the Welland ShipCanal, which constitutes, officially, a part of the present St. Lawrence Seaway program, but which wascompleted in 1932 by Canada and which is now beingdeepened from 25 to 27 feet— the Seaway depth.A CANADIAN CONTRIBUTION: WELLAND CANALNow, the Welland Canal, the present replacementcost of which is estimated at something like 300 million dollars, represents, in effect, a contribution ofCanada m anticipation of the St. Lawrence Seaway.Heretofore it has been a toll-free waterway, as hadthe old canal system along the St. Lawrence, open toships of all nations. From now on, it is to be includedin the St. Lawrence Seaway system, and all traffic isto be charged tolls, including internal lake traffic between the upper lakes and Lake Ontario. The capacity of the canal to meet the additional demandsof Seaway traffic is controversial, with most author-'ities placing it at about 50 million tons per year, ascontrasted with the present traffic which is slightlyless than half of that volume. One reason for this isthat with the larger size of vessels using the canal afteropening of the enlarged Seaway, the number of transits necessary to handle the present volume will begreatly reduced, and conversely, the^ increase in num-8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECANADA, THE U. S. AND THE SEAWAYHarold M. Mayer, Department of Geographyber of vessel transits through the Welland Ship Canalwill not be nearly as great as the increase in the cargotonnage. In any event, the amount of improvement ofthe canal under the Seaway project is small, and amajor change is the change from toll-free status toa toll waterway.A U.S. CONTRIBUTION IN THE GREAT LAKESThe third is the group of connecting channels between the upper Great Lakes, which is being improvedand deepened by the United States. These channels—the Detroit River, Lake St. Clair and the St. ClairRiver between Lakes Erie and Huron, the Straitof Mackinac between Lakes Huron and Michigan,and the St. Marys River between Lakes Huron andSuperior— are being improved by direct federal appropriation, the economic justification being basedentirely upon the lower transport costs resulting fromthe economies of scale through employment of largerGreat Lakes bulk vessels in United States domestictrade, entirely aside from the additional benefits thatwill accrue to Seaway traffic. Nevertheless, the deepening of the connecting channels between the GreatLakes is essential for the realization of the full benefitsof the Seaway by the ports of the upper Great Lakesand the areas tributary to them, including the Port ofChicago and its water routes to the Mississippi.After improvement, as before, these waterways willcontinue to be toll-free. The program calls for the deepening of these channels to the St. Lawrence Seawaydepth of 27 feet and completion, if annual appropriations continue in adequate amount, is expected by about1962. The cost is estimated to be comparable to theU. S. investment in the navigation features of the St.Lawrence Seaway: somewhat over one hundred million dollars.The fact that the Welland Canal and the GreatLakes connecting channels both constitute a part ofthe great enlarged international Seaway hardly appearsto justify the imposition of tolls on one and not onthe other, especially since both are being improvedfor the benefit of both nations. This issue will continue to crop up in the future, and its solution— preferably in the form of toll-free waterways in both instances if both nations are to maximize their benefitsfrom the use of the Seaway— will terminate a majorsource of annoyance.Now let us look more closely at St. Lawrence Seawayprogram proper, as it is being carried out under authorization by Canada in 1951 and the United States in 1954.It consists of the enlargement of the St. Lawrence water way between Montreal and Lake Ontario together withthe deepening of the Welland Ship Canal. The estimatedcost of this program is about one billion dollars, ofwhich about one-third is related to the navigation features and two-thirds to electric power generation. Thefeatures of the improvement which are common toboth navigation and power are in general chargedagainst the power, so that the navigation receives theincidental benefits, and the tolls can be somewhatlower than otherwise. As a matter of fact, the Seawayitself could not have been economically feasible without the power generation, and the whole programrepresents— even aside from its international nature—an outstanding example of the advantage of multiple-purpose river development. Neither the power northe navigation will ultimately cost the taxpayers anything, for both are self-liquidating through the sale ofpower and the levying of tolls.These tolls will pay for two types of Seaway navigation improvements. Mostly, they will pay for the improvement of the St. Lawrence River and canal systembetween Montreal and Lake Ontario. This area isdivided into three sections. The first, between Montreal and the international boundary, has been improvedby river deepening, the construction of new canalscircumventing the rapids in the river, and by fourmodern locks. All of this construction, being entirelywithin Canada, is financed by bonds issued by the St.Lawrence Seaway Authority of Canada. The secondstretch is the so-called International Rapids stretch ofthe Seaway, between the easterly point, near Cornwall, Ontario and Massena, New York, where the international boundary meets the St. Lawrence, and thewesternmost of the former rapids of the St. Lawrence,just east of Ogdensburg, New York, and Prescott,Ontario, 112 miles above Montreal. Here, in additionto the huge dam and power plant at Barnhart Islandand the diversion dam upstream, the construction involved the 10-mile Wiley Dondero Canal and twolocks constructed by the United States and the Iroquois Lock and its approaches, constructed by Canada.The Seaway proper— between tidewater and LakeOntario— is to be self-liquidating, with Canada puttingup about two-thirds of the cost. Since the anticipatedtraffic, like the traffic which has moved in recent yearsthrough the obsolete St. Lawrence Canal system, isapproximately two-thirds domestic Canadian traffic,moving between the lower St. Lawrence and the Canadian ports on the Great Lakes in both directions, theEXTENT OF THE SEAWAY IMPROVEMENTSOCTOBER, 1959 9savings in transport costs through use of larger vesselsand the avoidance of transhipment are direct benefitsto Canada. The remaining one-third of the St. Lawrence traffic has been— and the proportion may be expected to remain, although with greatly augmentedvolume— of two types. One component is traffic between United States and Canadian ports in both directions: international traffic of benefit to both nations.Such traffic consists of bulk commodities such as east-bound grain, and particularly coal from Lake Erie portsto the lower St. Lawrence, with iron ore, since 1954,moving in increasing volume from the lower St. Lawrence ports to Lake Erie.GREATLY ENLARGED FOREIGN TRADEThe final component of the St. Lawrence traffic is themost glamorous, and of great potential importance,though its importance will be far greater than its relatively small proportion of the total St. Lawrence Seawaytraffic. That is the Great Lakes-overseas direct trade,handled in ocean-going vessels directly to and from theports of the Great Lakes. Such traffic existed very earlyin the 19th century, in small volume, and for manydecades was irregular and unimportant, although theold St. Lawrence canals ma'de it possible to continue.Since 1933 there have been regular scheduled cargoliner services between Great Lakes ports, including Chicago and overseas. The vessels were small, limited bythe size of the St. Lawrence locks, but in spite of theselimitations shippers have found that they could save10 to 40 percent, depending upon the item, of thetransportation costs by competitive overland and waterroutes with transhipment at east coast ports. So thetraffic increased year by year, and last year, prior tothe Seaway opening, 26 shipping companies offeredabout 400 sailings between Chicago and overseas ports.The volume of the traffic on these vessels in and outof the Great Lakes would have rapidly approachedone million tons per year if the capacity of the oldsystem permitted. As it is, this limitation no longerexists, and a substantially greater volume may beexpected in future years. In past years, this traffic,consisting mainly of general cargo— primarily manufactured goods moving in nearly equal volume inboth directions— was handled through both U. S andCanadian ports on the Great Lakes, with abouttwo-thirds of the total volume handled at Americanports. Of the latter, the Port of Chicago consistentlyhandled about 40 per cent of the total U S. portion.There is reason to believe that Canada will in all likelihood continue to handle about one-third of the totalGreat Lakes-overseas direct traffic, with U. S. portshandling about two-thirds. Here, again, the benefitsof the enlarged Seaway trade accrue to both nations.Chicago and other parts of the midwest will receiveadditional financial benefits, for the overland carriersbetween this territory and the eastern seaboard mustset up a rate structure which will be competitive withthe Seaway rates, if they expect to retain any substantial/ proportion of the potential traffic that could be diverted.Both the United States and Canada have periodicallyfaced a series of issues relative to the navigation. That iswhat in the ocean trades is generally called "flag discrimination," whereby the vessels of registry in a particular nation receive preferential treatment and othersare either totally excluded from a particular trade oroperate in it with relative disadvantage. In the United States, on the Great Lakes as well as incoastal and territorial waters, domestic trade trafficbetween the ports of the United States and betweenthe ports of Canada has traditionally been reservedfor the vessels of United States registry. BetweenCanadian ports, the situation is somewhat different.Whereas foreign vessels are excluded, as in the U. S.,vessels which are non-Canadian but registered elsewhere in the British commonwealth are permitted toengage in domestic trade between Canadian ports.A second type of trade is internal trade of aninternational nature between Canada and the UnitedStates in both directions. Now, Canadian-United Statesinternational trade faces the possibility of participationby an increasing number of vessels registered in neithernation, but flying the flags of many nations, on allcontinents. The potential effects of the participationin internal trade by foreign ships has been a matterof great concern to shipowners and shipyards of boththe United States and Canada on the Great Lakes,because of the fear that other nations, with their lowercapital costs and labor costs in the shipping and shipbuilding industries, could cut rates and undermine amajor part of the present United States and CanadianGreat Lakes shipping and shipbuilding industries.Finally, there is a third component, the Great Lakesoverseas direct trade, which will greatly expand. Upto this Spring only one Canadian vessel and no U. S.vessels have been regularly employed in such trade,and U. S. -Canadian participation is not likely to increase much. This is the price that we pay in bothnations for the fact that the standard of living, andhence the costs, in both nations are the highest in theworld. In Canada, the federal government has chosen,in effect, not to have a seagoing merchant marine sinceit is virtually impossible for a Canadian flag vessel,with its high costs, to compete in international oceancommerce. The U. S., with respect to its merchantmarine, has chosen a different course. It prefers tosubsidize liner services on routes which are deemedto be essential foreign trade routes in the nationalinterest, rather than to be entirely dependent uponforeign-flag shipping, which may not be available intimes of emergency. The routes between the GreatLakes and northern Europe and the Caribbean areas,respectively, have been certified as essential traderoutes, and therefore made eligible for subsidy.[-REACHING EFFECTS ANTICIPATEDWe cannot anticipate all of the consequences of the St.Lawrence Seaway, local, national, and international. Todo that we would need to know the future course of economic, political, diplomatic, and military history of theworld. We would need to know, for example, the futuretariff and trade policies not only of our own but of everyother nation in the world. We would need to assessthe effects of the European Common Market movement which may have far-reaching effects upon thetrade of both the United States and Canada with amajor part of Europe. Nevertheless, in spite of theseuncertainties, we can predict that the continuation ofa rising standard of living in North America andan increase in the level of trade generally will producea vastly augmented traffic, in the long run, betweenthe midwest and the rest of the world.Condensed from a speech given before The Chicago Associationof Commerce and Industry, November, 1958.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEALUMNI COLLECT PAN AMERICAN ARTJEAN-PAUL RIOPELLE, Canada: Composition. Lent by Mr. and Mrs.Morton Neumann, Chicago.JOSE LUIS CUEVAS, Mexico: Portrait ofa Woman Painter. At right: ROBERTOMATTA ECHAURREN, Chile: Prime Ordeal.Both lent by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph RandallShapiro. Other paintings by Matta werelent by Mr. and Mrs. Earl Ludgin and AllanFrumlcin. As a contribution to Chicago's Festival of theAmericas during the Pan American Games, JosephRandall Shapiro assembled an exhibit for the Art Institute: "The United States Collects Pan American Art."Many of these works by Canadian and Latin Americanartists were loaned by University of Chicago alumni,including Mr. Shapiro.The artists represented a range from the traditionalcolonial and Indian art of their countries to the current"international style" of abstract or non-objective painting. Commenting on cultural origins of the works, Mr.Shapiro said in the exhibit catalog, "Broadly speaking,the native arts of Mexico and Peru arose from Mayan,Inca and Aztec. The Mexican sense of life is essentiallytragic. . . . The traditions of Mexico, and also theprestige of its great muralists, Orozco, Siqueiros andRivera, penetrated Central America and the Northwestcoast of South America. On the other hand, no pre-Columbian tradition existed in Chile, Argentina, Venezuela or Uruguay. These coastal countries, subjectedto the currents of European commerce and communication, felt the Western influence." These factors, andthe vast cleavage between the wealthy cultivatedminority and the inarticulate masses have resulted ina diffusion of cultures which leads to a diversity of vitalindigenous art forms.'.iHjA'^gOCTOBER, 1959 11JOSE CLEMENTE OROZCO, Mexico: The DanceHall. Lent by Mr. and Mrs. Karl B. Culberg. Atright: DAVID ALFARO SIOUEIROS, Mexico:Pedregal. Lent by Mr. and Mrs. Vernon M.Wagner. Above left: MARISOL, Venezuela: one from a'Printer's Box' of figurines. Above: WIFREDO LAM,Cuba: Jungle. Both lent by Mr. and Mrs. EdwinA. Bergman.12SATURATIONNEW TACTIC USED IN ARCHAEOLOGYThis June 30th, a three-volume report was mailedto the National Science Foundation in Washingtonentitled Man in Nature. It was a report on archaeological and anthropological research carried on on ascale never before attempted, a project which theFoundation had helped support. It is called a "saturation study."The area involved is 500 square miles of the southernmost state of Mexico on the Guatemalan border,Chiapas. It is an area of sharp contrasts. It rangesin elevation from 2000 feet or less to more than 6000feet, and varies correspondingly in annual rainfall fromapproximately 20 inches in the lowlands to over 60inches in the highlands. A rich diversity in habitats,vegetation types, ethnic groups and archeological sitesaccompany this climatic variation, providing maximumopportunity for intensive, comparative study within anarea of workable size. The cultural spectrum runs fromhighland Mayan groups to mestizos in the lowlands,with several immigrant colonies of Tzeltal, Tzotzil (bothMayan), Zoque, and other stocks in the neighborhood.Agricultural economies range from subsistence milpafarming through commercial field crops, with somesheep and cattle grazing. Terraced fields occur in thehighlands; irrigation in the lowlands.Such an area would raise a vast number of questionsfor the archaeologist. The University of Chicago teamwhich attacked this area, however, represented not onlyarchaeology. It was composed of twenty-five expertsusing the skills of archaeology, social anthropology,botany, linguistics, and geography. Field work for theproject began in July of 1956 and ended this February.Since that time the huge task of assembling, crosschecking and studying the data has been in progress.In many respects the three-volume report representsonly a preliminary study of the material gathered.Principal investigators for the project were NormanA. McQuown, chairman of the Department of Anthropology, in linguistics: Philip L.Wagner, geography;Robert M. Adams, anthropology; Manning Nash, whois a social anthropologist on the staff of the GraduateSchool of Business; Sol Tax, anthropology; and Lawrence Kaplan (Roosevelt University), botany.Originally the project was to last two years, undera National Science Foundation grant of $15,500. Itsfocus was to be "vegetation," that is, the three distinctareas (the high-, middle- and lowlands) would bestudied in relation to the agricultural practices, cultural boundaries, linguistic boundaries, and settlementpatterns within them. The team would seek out correlations between these factors, and the changesthat have taken place in them in the past. As additional funds from a variety of sources became available, the tools of social anthropology and linguisticswere widely utilized in the project, and contemporary : MAYAN PROJECTaspects of the living populations were more thoroughlyexplored. Vast amounts of information on the languages, family and village life of the area were accumulated.CHECKS, CROSS-CHECKS AND CORRELATIONSThis, then, is a "saturation study": a large team ofexperts, working in a extensive area, with a wide rangeof questions to ask. When the team came to assembleits data in "Man in Nature," they were able to listcontributions— substantive, methodological, and theoretical—which have come out of the project. And theywere able to call the project a success.They found that large-scale Mayan habitation in thearea studied began many centuries later than had beenpreviously thought. "We have learned from linguisticevidence that the total depth of the settlement in theChiapas highlands is comparatively shallow, extendingat most 12 to 13 hundred years in the past." Archaeological evidence also indicates there were no largesettlements in the area studied until the Late Classicperiod (600-900 A.D.) and that fortified sites wereprominent from this time on. Hitherto it was believedthe sites had been occupied sometime in the first mil-lenium before Christ.Perhaps of more interest to the lay reader than mostof the technical findings are the following two secondary findings: "Observations made of the growth anduse of marigolds help to substantiate the hypothesiswhich regards Middle America as the center of originof these flowers." "Among the botanical specimensbrought back and tested by Smith, Kline and FrenchLaboratories, two contained alkaloids which may beof some pharmacological interest."How did the teamwork approach to archaeology workout and what advice would the group give to otherswho would plan such a large-scale project? Theyfound that their "multidimensional and multidisciplin-ary" approach was doubly advantageous: Inconclusiveresults deriving from a single line of inquiry may berendered more likely by other lines of investigation.And, disagreement between two lines of evidence maylead to re-examination of both, and the discovery ofunsuspected correlations or factors.They observe that a separate but equal status forall workers in the project, with a fairly flexible program, leads to more stimulating research than a forced"togetherness" in orientation and focus of the wholeprogram. Extremely careful preliminary planning andconstant on-going coordination is indispensable.They particularly recommend the use of husband-and-wife teams in social anthropology: "Alternatingmale (or female) workers guard against bias attributable to sex or personality, and make it possible toremedy such bias during the course of investigation."OCTOBER, 1959 13New rork Times Magazine — James FloraOf vast potential to U.S. trade and investment, and animportant concern of U.S. foreign and military policy,Latin America is an area of unrealized naturalwealth. Research and education offer hope of economic improvement in the future.14 THE NATURAL WEALTH OF LATIN AMERICAThe American continent is divided into two almostequal parts, Latin America and North America. Bothare approximately equal in land area and agriculturallyusable land. Yet, their differences are much greaterthan their similarities. Whereas in 1955, in NorthAmerica 64 percent of the population was urban andonly 13 percent of the active population in primaryindustries, the corresponding percentages were 35$and 54% for Latin America; and whereas income perperson in North America was about $2,000, it hoveredaround $250 in Latin America as a whole.How can we explain this economic retardation ofLatin America? This is the question raised by BertF. Hoselitz, a professor in the Social Sciences Division,in a paper he has prepared for the First InternationalConference of Economic History to be held in Stockholm in August, 1960. Mr. Hoselitz discounts thereasons given bv many observers for this economiclag: the political instability and division, the highproportion of people of non-European background, theinhospitable tropical climate in some and high mountainous areas in other countries, the Spanish-Catholicbackground of Latin America, as against the Puritanbackground of North America. He seeks an explanation in a study of the social status system of LatinAmerica and the values and goals of the economically most strategic social group, the upper classof landed aristocrats in the early history of the continent, and more recently, the middle class.TRADITIONAL SOURCES OF WEALTH AND POWERThe status system of Latin America since the Europeanconquest was closely tied to the system of land tenure.The conquistadors were given large grants of land.Europeans who came later also established large holdings, and men of mixed blood and even pure Indiansor Negroes could be found among the large coloniallandholders. Early society was thus characterized bytwo widely separated groups: the poor were the virtualslaves of the wealthy landed aristocrats. There wasonly very sparse mobility between the groups, forthere was a vast difference in their wealth, education,political power and culture. With the acquisition ofindependence and the penetration of European ideasinto Latin America in the 19th century, the socialsystem did not change. Society remained almost exclusively agricultural; trade, transportation arteries andminor industries existed largely to enhance agriculture.Large estates ruled out the growth of an independentsmall or middle peasantry.By the beginning of this century a middle classbegan to emerge. These people, officials and whitecollar workers, have raised their own aspirations tothe position of generalized goals for their countries.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHERE THE STRUGGLE IS ECONOMICYet countries with large middle class segments haveshown less rapid economic growth than those withmuch smaller middle groups. Obviously, the decisivefactor is not the relative size of the middle class,but its composition and the role it actually plays. Forexample, of the four largest and most populous countries in Latin America, Argentina and Chile are themost "modern", highly urbanized, have higher percaput income and more evenly distributed social structure. Yet, the other two countries, Mexico and Brazilstill with a rather sharp bi-modal social structure,have shown the greater economic growth in the lastthirty years and the greater industrialization. Theeconomic patterns presented by Chile and Argentinaare regarded by Mr. Hoselitz as targets towards whichBrazil and Mexico may be moving, and he feels thatonce the level of these former countries is reached bythe rising ones there may occur a slowdown in economic growth, as there has in Argentina and Chile.LIMITED PROSPECTS OF THE NEW MIDDLE CLASSESHe accounts for this slowdown in the following way:In their struggle upward, the middle classes are theones to feel the financial pinch. It is they who pressfor redistribution rather than augmentation of the national income. Moreover, instead of saving and investing their income, they must live hand-to-mouth. Withthe constant danger of some form of expropriation,the wealthy tend to invest savings abroad, consumea larger share of their earnings than they might iftheir expectations were different, and, as a last resort,invest in the one domestic asset which is traditionallyregarded as safe, land.Perhaps breaks in this pattern will occur in thecoming years; however, it is still hard to tell how economically effective such revolutions as Fidel Castro'scould, in the end, be. One contribution to the continuing study of Latin American economics is anotherresearch project which Mr. Hoselitz has been conducting: an investigation of the patterns of investment inLatin America by U.S. business, and the relationbetween Latin American labor and U.S. labor organizations. This paper, to be completed this month, isone of ten research projects assigned to various independent groups across the nation; it is sponsoredby Senator William Fullbright's Committee on ForeignRelations of the Senate.Another University of Chicago project which isalready showing tangible results, is the University ofChicago Catholic University of Chile program of research and training in economics. This program, supported financially by the International CooperationAdministration, involves the faculties and facilities ofboth Universities, and reaches far beyond the classrooms. It grew out of a recognition that economics studiesat the Chilean University could not be strengthenedwhen the instructors, like those at other Chilean universities, had to earn their main income from employment outside teaching, and received only nominalsalaries as part-time teachers. On such a basis, research in economics could be undertaken only ifthe teacher's other source of employment providedthe opportunity; students came in contact with theirteachers only in the lecture halls.RESEARCH, TEACHING AND CURRICULUMCHANGESUniversity of Chicago representatives persuaded theChilean University to employ at least four full-time,high-quality economists; salaries offered were appropriate, time and staff was allowed for research, theeconomics library has been built up. Offices havebeen provided at both Universities for visiting Chicago and Chilean faculty members.Under the program five young Chilean economistshave completed two years of graduate study at theUniversity of Chicago's graduate school. Four of themalready have returned to Catholic University as full-time faculty members in economics. Each year University of Chicago economists in residence at Santiagoselect some top economics students to go to Chicagofor further study either in economics or in agricultural economics.According to Professor H. G. Lewis of the University of Chicago, who has served as project coordinator,the curriculum at the Catholic University has alsochanged considerably. Staffs of both Universities haveparticipated in the reformulation of a plan of studywhich permits earlier choice by students between specialization in economics and specialization in businessadministration. More courses are now offered in economics and related subjects.James O. Bray, an agricultural economist from Chicago, who is in charge of the Chilean project, andhis colleagues have conducted many much-neededstudies in Chilean economic problems. Many of theseare pursued by Chicago staff in residence in Chileand Chilean students. In this way several things areaccomplished: Students get a firsthand taste of scientific methods and procedures employed in economicresearch. Unexplored areas are opened for researchfindings are often published, and basic material forthe solution of Chile's economic problems is beinguncovered.It is in projects such as these in which Chicagofaculty are involved— encompassing research, teaching,training of future business men— that the myths ofLatin American economic problems will be revealedand sound economic policies will be developed.OCTOBER, 1959 15PREFETE DUFFAUT, (Haiti): La Ville Dessus. Lentto the exhibit "The United States Collects PanAmerican Art" at the Chicago Art Institute byDr. and Mrs. Nicholas Cheronis.Profesor en Letras at the University of La Paz, Bolivia,Mr. Bianco-Gonzalez has been on the University ofChicago staff for several years. This article was compiled from an informal interview in which he discussedthe topic which concerns much of his teaching here,Latin American literature.In matters of literature, one cannot think of LatinAmerica as one continent; rather it is four distinctparts. They are (1) the Southern section: Argentina,Uruguay and Chile; (2) the Pacific section: comprisedof Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Paraguay;(3) the Portuguese section: Brazil; (4) the Caribbeanand Mexico: including Central America, Mexico andVenezuela. These four sections differ greatly. The first ispredominantly a white-European culture, with French,English, Italian, German and the United States influences appearing in its cultural aspects; the second hasan important Spanish influence; the third, a little Portuguese influence, and much that is modern; and thefourth, a great Spanish influence. These regional effectswill be seen in the work of all the significant Latin-American writers.Prior to 1890, the literature was almost exclusivelyin the Spanish and French traditions. From 1890until the outbreak of World War I in 1914 a veryimportant movement of writers influenced by contemporary French literature developed. This wasespecially true in poetry. The Parnassians, led byLecont de Lisle, and the Symbolists— primarily Paul Verlaine— influenced such writers as Ruben Dario,"a Nicaraguan writing in Chile and Buenos Aires. Hisoutstanding book was Prosas Profanas. Except in a picturesque or romantic manner, the subjects for thissophisticated movement were not drawn from LatinAmerica.THE GROWTH OF SOCIAL LITERATUREThe Spanish-American War and World War Ibrought radical changes to Latin American literature.Some of the reasons for these are the following:1 . Latin Americans came to doubt the essentialgoodness of European culture; how could it happenthat a whole civilization and continent could bedestroyed in this way?2. From a material point of view, South Americans were accustomed to receiving many thingsfrom Europe: suits, shoes, books, etc. During thewar it became necessary to make these things, andfor the first time, industry was developed in SouthAmerica.3. The Russian Revolution was looked upon bymany people who were poor or not in governmentpositions at this time as something good and something that could give some solution to the problemsof South American countries— but not in a Communist manner, for South American countries are verynationalistic. A Socialist or Titoist goverment becamean ideal for many, and this period was the beginningof the most important socialist parties throughoutLatin America. A further example of this movementwas the Mexican Revolution in 1910.4. Latin Americans began to look at the UnitedStates in a different light. Prior to the Spanish-American War of 1898, Latin Americans knew littleabout the United States and their ideas and valuescame from Europe. One influential exception to thiswas the Argentinian, Domingo F. Sarmiento, wholooked favorably upon the United States as an example of a way of life that Latin Americans couldemulate. His book, Viajes, published in 1871, waswidely read.The Spanish-American War changed any favorable attitudes the Latin Americans might have hadtoward the United States. This marks the beginningof the concept of Yankee imperialism: Latin Americans were frightened by the fact that a great Anglo-Saxon country and a neighbor of theirs was fightingtheir own mother country, Spain. Many booksappeared opposing the United States; most importantof these was Ariel by Jose Enrique Rodo. The thesisof this book is that the United States is a Calabanof materialism, capitalism, and Protestantism. Theinfluence of this book was felt, from the time itwas published in 1900, throughout all Latin Amer-16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA LITERATURE FROM THE LANDBernardo Bianco-Gonzalez, Romance Languages and Literatureica. In 1918, when the leftist parties began to grow,the book was reinterpreted in the Marxist manner.5. But World War I was important in another wayin relations with the United States, for before thiswar there was not any considerable investment ofUnited States funds in Latin American countries. Investments came from England and Germany primarily, and with these sources closed off by the war,an opportunity was opened to the United States todisplace the former investors. But from 1920 untiltoday, this situation no longer exists for Latin American countries have moved toward independenteconomic development. However, this has been generally and progressively more unsuccessful. For example, minerals and foods, which were marketablein 1920, today cannot find the prices they demand.As the prices have gone down for Latin Americancommodities, the United States business men havelooked more and more to Latin Americans likepeople who are exploiting South America.Therefore, from 1920 until today, there have beentwo kinds of literature developing. The most important and abundant is the social-leftist literature appearing both in the form of political and social essays andas fiction. In these books, you can see the landscape,customs, and the problems of these countries; and theyare always the same. The struggle between the poor—that is, the Indian and mestizo people— and the rich;and the struggle between the native-born and theforeign capitalists. Examples of these struggles areto be seen in the Mexican novels, Los de Abajoby Mariano Azuela (1916) and Huasteca by GregorioLopez y Fuentes, and all of the Mexican revolutionnovels. Among the most important of the books in thisstyle from other countries are Tungsteno by the Peruvian Cesar Vallejo, El Mundo es Ancho y Ajeno byCiro Alegria, also from Peru, Mina by the BolivianAlfredo Guillen Pinto, Huasipungo by Jorge Icazafrom Ecuador, and Mar Morto by the Brazilian JorgeAmado. One can think of more than a hundred booksof this kind. They are all realistic or naturalistic instyle and deal primarily with the struggle between theIndians, the Cholos, and the whites.This kind of literature has also had its parallel inpoetry, with well-known poets being Pablo Neruda*from Chile, Cesar Vallejo from Peru, and CarreraAndrade from Ecuador. But during this sameperiod, in all countries with a strongly influential whitepopulation, social problems at first did not appear soimportantly in literature, and the sophisticated artisticstyles of Europe could continue. Here, poetry has beenmore important that the novel, and outstanding poetshave been Leopoldo Lugones of Argentina, Julio Her-rera Reissig of Uruguay, Amado Nervo* of Mexico, andGonzalez Marinez of Mexico. Among the novels of thisgenre are the Argentinians Angel de Estrada's La NaveOCTOBER, 1959 and Enrique Larreta's La Gloria de Don Ramiro; andPedro Prado from Chile, (Alsinoo); Venezuelan RomuloGallegos'* Dona Barbara; and most recently (1958),Eduardo Mallea's Simbad, from Argentina. In LatinAmerican theatre, there has been only one name worthmentioning. This is Florencio Sanchez, who was bornin Uruguay.PROBLEMS OF TODAY'S WRITERSIn the present time of transition, there are not reallygreat new names in literature. Outstanding is onlyMiguel Angel Asturias, a Guatamalan. Two of hisbooks are El Senor Presidente and Hombres de Maiz.The most popular writers have been Gallegos, Icaza,Mallea and Verissimo, the last from Brazil and writing in Portuguese. The popular poets are Neruda andAndrade. In essays, two Mexicans excel: Vasconcelosand Reyes. The problems these new authors face center around a depletion of the old social-realist politicalsubject matter. There are new novels of this kind,but they are in the old fashion of the thirties and lacka freshness and meaning for today.A SHELF OF A DOZEN SIGNIFICANTLATIN AMERICAN BOOKSThese books, all literary best-sellers in their day,have served as a testament of the people and the times.Domingo F. Sarmiento (Argentina): Facundo (1845),social biography.Jorge Isaacs* (Colombia): Maria (1867), novelJuan Montalvo (Ecuador): Los siexte tratados (1873),social essaysRuben Dario* (Nicaragua): Prosas profanas (1896),poetryEuclydes da Cunha (Brazil): Os Sertoes (1902),novelMariano Azuela (Mexico) : Los de abajo (1916), novelJose Eustacio Rivera (Colombia): La Voragine (1925),novelRicardo Guiraldes* (Argentina): Don Segundo Sombra(1926), novelRomulo Gallegos* (Venezuela): Dona Barbara (1929),novelPablo Neruda* (Chile) : Residencias en la tierra (1931-1945), poetryJorge Amado (Brazil): Mar Morto (1936), novelMiguel Angel Asturias (Argentina): El senor Presidente (1948), novel ** Authors who have works available in English translation.17Lee BaltermanRecipients of this Spring's Alumni-Dean of Students' Awards. Each year the Dean ofStudents' Office, in cooperation with the Alumni Association, honors ten graduatingseniors for their contribution to the extracurriculum at the University. This year'srecipients are (I) Julie Chamberlin, (2) Dana Fraser, (3) Frances Moore, (4) Mary LouWickersheim, (5) Dave Israelstam, (6) Elmer Kline, Jr., (7) Bob Dalton, (8) LindaRosenberg, (9) Ken Nordin, and (10) Martin Kain.18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESJohnny's ReadingQuotes from the University of Chicago's22nd annual Reading Conference heldon campus for more than 1,000 teachersand school administrators this summer:Constance McCullough, San Francisco State College: The good readerin the elementary school is probablya better reader than his father, probably a better reader than some of histeachers. "We can thank TV, modernparents who share with their children,modern living with its many opportunities, and the present-day publishersfor their many, varied, attractive offerings. But make no mistake about it; hewould be little better than the oldergeneration if his teachers had not beenmade sensitive to many more kinds ofreading skills, habits, and attitudes thanwe dreamed of 30 years ago, and if theywere not doing something consistentlyand directly to foster them."Leo C. Fay, Indiana University: Agood foundation of general readingability is essential to pupil's success incontent subjects such as arithmetic, social studies, and English. "If this islacking, expecting a student to do wellin science or social studies or literaturemakes as much sense as asking a youngster who can barely do chopsticks toplay 'The Flight of the Bumble Bee.' "Mrs. Viola Mays, Indianapolis Public Schools: Teachers often hear parentssay 'no one in our family could everdo arithmetic' or no one in our familyever liked to read.' "When a child hasheard this all his life, he soon beginsto feel that it is to be expected thathe cannot do arithmetic or read."W. R. Mcintosh, Superintendent ofSchools, Rockford, Illinois: Pupils oflimited ability must "seek social acceptance and happiness in building livesattuned to their capacities" just asgifted pupils must live up to the "responsibilities of their greater power."Mrs. Daisy M. Jones, Director ofElementary Education, Richmond, Indiana: "So long as we publish honorrolls and give A's, we are going toencourage parents to gratify their ownegos by pitting their children against the neighbors' children. Let's helpteachers report to parents how mucha child has accomplished, what he cando, the level at which he is working,and the rate at which he is working,and the rate at which he is progressing."Josephine Wolfe, Elementary Supervisor, Gary, Indiana: Pupils should begiven a part in both short- and long-range planning for group work in reading. "If and when pupils are givenopportunities to help plan, they willknow where they are, where they aregrowing, and what they are expectedto achieve."Russian Research AdvancesRussian scientists appear to be making a concerted effort to "catch up"with the West in the study of themechanisms of riving creatures, according to two scientists who have madea tour of Soviet scientific institutions."Every place we went, we foundphysiology laboratories were housed inold buildings. But everywhere, too, wefound new laboratories under construction," reported Dwight J. Ingle, chairman of the department of physiology,and Dr. Rachmiel Levine, chief of thedepartment of medicine at MichaelReese Hospital.They found, however, that the Russian study of physiology is being retarded by a devotion to outdatedscientific beliefs. "Worship of a fewscientists and of dogmas have been substituted for originality and creativityas the basis of scientific discovery inthe biological sciences," they said.Russian physiological research isstill dominated by the work of IvanPavlov, the Soviet scientist who in thelate 1800's conducted classic experiments on conditioning in dogs. As aresult, they said, the Russian researchemphasis in physiology is on the functions of the nervous system and theyconsider the study of reflexes as muchmore important than do scientists inthe West."What surprised us," Dr. Levine,noted, "were the scientifically unprofitable corners the Russians got themselvesinto by the great faith they had in the lole of the nervous system in controllingbodily functions."In the study of glandular secretions,the "Russians use the experimentalapproach of Pavlov wherever possible,"Mr. Ingle said. At one Russian laboratory, he watched researchers study thebody's production of insulin with Pav-lovian laboratory equipment— dogs anda bell or buzzer. He was told by theRussian workers that insulin productioncould be increased or decreased in thedogs through the used of conditioning.Western scientists, Mr. Ingle noted,would use much more complex meansof studying the relationship betweenthe nervous system and the glands,such as electrical stimulation of thebrain or the study of the biochemistryof the central nervous system."We in the West respect Pavlov asan extraordinarily important and creative man in physiology, but thiswouldn't cause any of us to repeat hisresearch when better methods for thestudy of bodily functions are available,"Mr. Ingle and Dr. Levine said. "Therehave been too many rapid advances inthe field to justify this return to earliermethods."While Russian research in physiologyseemed in general to be behind that ofthe West, Dr. Levine said that workconducted at the Institute of Biochemistry in Moscow was on a par withWestern studies. Especially at this institute but also at the other facilities,they found the Russian scientists werewell acquainted with U. S. and otherresearch reports of the West.Most impressive Russian ' facility onthe tour was a scientific monkey colonyat the Russian city of Sukhumi locatedon the Black Sea. The colony, uniquernMhe world of science, is part of theInstitute of Experimental Pathologyand Therapy. It contains 2,500 monkeyswhich have been studied over a longperiod of time so that their hereditarypatterns and characteristics are known.Such knowledge is valuable when themonkeys are used as experimental subjects in the study of human diseasebecause it enables researchers to betterOCTOBER, 1959 19evaluate the results of their experiments.Scientific fields in the Soviet Unionare more sharply separated than in theU. S. where researchers may use theknowledge of many fields in an integrated manner. In the U. S., for example, a zoologist might use the knowledge and techniques of the biochemistto study his subject. In Russia, Dr.Levine said, scientific knowledge is lesslikely to be pooled— the zoologist andbiochemist would often go their separateways.A noted hormone researcher, Mr.Ingle was the discoverer of many ofthe biological effects of the hormonecortisone and hydrocortisone. Dr.Levine is an authority on diabetes andhas studied the manner in which oralinsulin drugs work in the body.Growing Social ProblemsSpeaking on the subject of the problems of a boom population and growingpercentages of both old and young agegroups, Dean of Social Service Administration Alton A. Linford has said'we must pay more attention to -humanproblems. We will pay a terrible priceif we don't make more of an investment in man and his problems."In his address at the 50th anniversarydinner of the School this May, Mr.Linford emphasized that the largestreturn on this investment in man willcome if it is spent wisely on researchand services that will point the way toeffective social policy. "Billions are nowbeing spent on missiles, but funds arescarce for research on human needs.Moreover, we are not now doing whatwe know how to do. For example, weare tolerating institutional housing forthe mentally deficient which is notsuitable for animals to live in."Among the principal problems of thenext half century, Mr. Linford listedthe retirement period resulting fromlonger life span, and the lengtheningperiod of youth which has resulted inthe question of what young people areto do as they wait longer and longerto be accepted as responsible adults.The anniversary celebration includedan address by Arthur S. Flemming,Secretary of the U. S. Department ofHealth, Education and Welfare, andwas marked by the announcement byPhilip B. Block, Jr., chairman of thevisiting committee to SSA, that $462,-000 had been raised so far in the 50thAnniversary Fund for the school. Mr.Linford also announced that a plot ofland has been set aside for a new building for the school and that a jointproject to build district offices for theUnited Charities of Chicago is nowunder way. Grants to the UniversityA five-year grant of $350,000 to expand the training program in the fieldof biological chemistry has been received from the U. S. Public HealthService. The funds will be used totrain eight promising students per year,who have obtained or are working toward Ph.D. degrees— most of them inchemistry or biology. Funds from thegrant will also be used to purchaseequipment needed for the training programs, such as a refrigerated centrifuge.The Carnegie Corporation of NewYork has made a grant of $135,000 toaccelerate the training of administrators of university extension programs.This money will be used to establish25 fellowships of $5,000 each for graduate study in university extension in thedepartment of education at the University. The program, which will begin inthe summer of 1960, is particularly designed to help persons now holdingadministrative positions in universityextension work, the Cooperative Extension Service, or evening college work.This spring, the Sears-Roebuck Foundation gave the University its first annual portion of a five-year gift of$100,000 for general support of theGraduate School of Business. Duringthe first year, $5,000 will be set asidefor an architectural study of the spaceneeds of the Graduate School of Business and the remainder of the grantwill be devoted to education and research, which includes membership inthe associate's program of the School.In the remaining four years of theprogram, $5,000 will be utilized eachyear for two fellowships in the School,and the remainder for general operations in the School.Down on the Farm in 8,000 B.C.A major archeological expedition,outfitted and staffed for a year's stayabroad, left this July for Iran from theOriental Institute. The group is headedby Robert J. Braidwood, professor ofprehistory. Eighteen specialists frominstitutions in the United States andabroad are taking part, making up ateam of natural scientists and culturalhistorians who will exchange information and findings.Mr. Braidwood's departure marks thebeginning of the expedition, althoughofficial dates are September 15, 1959-June 15, 1960. It is financed by aNational Science Foundation grant, theAmerican School of Oriental Research,and the Oriental Institute.Three previous expeditions put intothe field by the Oriental Institute sinceWorld War II have yielded valuable in formation on the prehistory of the NearEast. This is the first such expedition,however, to go into Iran. Its purpose isto extend and develop the investigationof man's progression from a food-gatherer to a food-producer. "It hasbeen held that within the whole half-million years of human history, therehave been only two great technological-economic revolutions, the food-producing and the industrial revolutions,"Braidwood said."Much research has gone into thesocial and moral adjustments broughtabout by the industrial revolution. Weare looking into the cultural changeswhich attended the first revolution." Heexplained that, "Until man became afood-producer, he spent most of hiswaking hours trying to fill his stomach.These were hard times. In addition togame, man discovered certain grainswere edible. Somewhere along the wayhe discovered the usefulness of storinggrain and means of cultivating it. Thenatural consequences were a tendencyto settle down in order to be near hisfood supply and the beginnings of permanent architecture— the birth of acultural civilization."Previous expeditions have uncoveredevidence that village-farming settlements, based on the cultivation ofdomesticated wheat, and with at leastthe goat and dog as domesticatedanimals, already were flourishing bv6750 B.C.Current understanding, however,places the earliest period of food production in Southwestern Asia around8,000 B.C.Braidwood said two-pronged investigation of the general culture historyand the natural history of the regionmay provide working answers to suchquestions as:—How, where and when was foodproduction first achieved?—How did mankind achieve,through the effective domesticationof plants and animals, that level ofculture without which the subsequent appearance of urban civilization would have been impossible?—What was the environmental situation within which the effectivevillage-farming community came intobeing?—What is to be learned of humanculture in general as it adapts itselfto a revolutionary change in subsistence and settlement types?—What changes in the social andmoral orders, as well as the technicalorder, attended the "food-producingrevolution?"Other University of Chicago members of the expedition are Albert A.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDaiiiberg, department of anthropology;Perr\ Bialor, archeological assistant;Linda Braidwood, archeologist; RichardEllis, archeologist; Kent Flannery, physical anthropologist and zoologist; FrankHole, archeological assistant; Patty JoWatson, anthropologist; Gene Garth-waite, department of English; and Marjorie Garthwaite, accountant to theexpedition.J, J. Pelikan Receives AwardProfessor of historical theology ontii. Federated Theological Faculty,(aroslav Pelikan, has received the$12,500 Abingdon Press award for hisbook The Riddle of Roman Catholicism, which will be published by thatpress. The award, first given in 1948,was established to encourage the writing of books of outstanding merit inthe broad field of Christianity.Mr. Pelikan, who received his doctorate at the University of Chicago in! 946, is a young Lutheran ministerho is already recognized as an out-.. mding theological scholar. His bookis on the history, future, and beliefs ofRoman Catholicism. Mr. Pelikan expresses hope for an eventual reunionof the Protestant and Catholic communions after a long growth in mutualunderstanding.Dr. Clark and Mr. Brown DieDr. Dwight E. Clark, chairman ofthe department of surgery, died at theage of 48 this July in Billings Hospital,of a virus infection. He had been aitient in the hospital since late in May.i •>¦. Clark, who was named chairmanof the department of surgery in July,1958, had been surgical intern, fellow,resident, and instructor in the University clinics from 1937 until 1944. Hethen served in Army Medical Corpsuntil his return to Chicago in 1947 asassociate professor of surgery.His work centered on research inclinical use of radio-active iodine inthe treatment of diseases of the thyroid,including cancer, in which he was apioneer. Dr. Clark was vice-president>1 the Society of Nuclear Medicine anda member of the board of governors ofthe American College of Surgeons.Edward Eagle Brown, honorarytrustee of the University and chairmanof the board of the First National Bankof Chicago, died of coronary thrombosisat the age of 74 on August 24.Mr. Brown attended the College ofthe University from 1900 to 1903 butcompleted his work on the Bachelordegree at Harvard in 1905 where healso earned an LL.B. in 1908. He became a member of the Board of Trustees in 1942 and became an honorarytrustee at the age of 70 in 1955. A TRIBUTETO EARLOn Friday, May 22, the students andfriends of Earl S. Johnson gave a dinner in his honor at a loop hotel. Nearly300 attended, some having come greatdistances; hundreds more sent messagesand contributions toward the giftswhich were presented to Mr. and Mrs.Johnson. These included a diamondwristivatch for Mrs. Johnson and anelectric typewriter for Mr. Johnson, acash gift of $2,300 and a thick hook offond and respectful messages from Mr.Johnson's students, former students,friends and colleagues.This tribute to Earl— only coinci-dentally related to his retirement fromthe faculty of the University— wasunique. Those who shared in it wereaffirming the best in themselves. Inrecognizing Earl's dedication to education and the preparation of teachers,those he trained or influenced mighthave been saying to themselves, "Thisis the kind of man we, too, would be."Earl is first of all a great teacher,fiercely dedicated to the task of elevating the teacher's role, fighting theemptyness of much which is labelededucation. It is often not easy for thosewho do not share his dedication to getalong with him. Like so many of hisgeneration and experience, he is unableto escape a sense of mission, a senseof urgencv. In these ten years I haveoften heard his roar come through thewall that separates our offices as heexploded over the hollowness of educational professionalism and the impersonality and inefficiency of the bureaucracy, including the one of which hewas a part.Yet, Earl is no mean scholar. Hisbook, The Theory and Practice of theSocial Studies, is a classic and will growin influence. Perhaps what makes ita great book is the fact that it maturedas he matured; his educational theorieswere tested in the laboratory of experience.As a disciple of Robert Park he insists that one can only understand man- EARL and MRS. JOHNSONkind if one knows man, and one canonly write about education and teachers' problems if one shares their experiences.He has written much more than hepublished and that which he has published has come at the height of hismaturity, late in this intellectual life.This may be the reason why so manyof his friends are so fiercely dedicatedto wishing him many years of creativeusefulness and feel how unfortunate itis that a man and an institution shouldpart when the man is at the very peakof his creativity.The University was necessary to Earl.To him, a Kansas boy of the later 19thcentury, it was Mecca. Almost hisentire life has been given to study andteaching within it, and yet he transcends the institution of which he hasbeen so long a part. He would havemade his contribution to education withthe same integrity had there been noUniversity of Chicago. Perhaps, morethan one who paid his respects to Earlthis May was saying to himself: "I toowould live above the system whichenmeshes, be a free man if but foran hour or even a day."KERMIT EBYOCTOBER, 1959 21GassNexus00-15Edwin D. Solenberger, '00, one of thefounders of the University of Pennsylvania's School of Social Work, has-beencited by that school. He is now retired,and secretary emeritus of the Children'sAid Society of Pennsylvania.Agnes R. Wayman, '03, retired chairman of the physical education departmentof Barnard College, was honored as anoutstanding citizen on May 21 in herhometown of Brielle, N. J. She was apioneer in the field of physical educationand a tireless worker for the youth ofthe country. Miss Wayman was the firstwoman president of our Alumni Association(1914-16), and was honored with a citation for useful citizenship by the Association in 1942. Friends and professionalassociates from many sections of the country sent messages and attended the dinner.John W. Bailey, PhD '04, professoremeritus of the Berkeley Baptist DivinitySchool, has been honored with a visitingprofessorship established in his name. Theobjective of the professorship is to provide a visiting professor for one semestereach year to enrich the teaching ministryat BBDS by bringing in outstanding professors who would broaden the vision andstimulate the creative imagination of thestudents. Mr. Bailey began his teachingat Berkeley in 1923 as professor of NewTestament interpretation and literature.Although he was named professor emeritusin 1946, he continued teaching regularlyfor an additional nine years.Friederich Bergho^fer, '05, has recentlycelebrated 50 years as pastor of the St.James Congregational Church on Chicago'snear north side.Virgil V. Phelps, '07, writes that hewould like to hear from members of hisclass. His address is Box 507, Wayne,Mich. Mr. Phelps has taught speech inthe Detroit area for many years, havinghad about 25,000 students, many of whomhave been graduates of professional schools.Harry E. Bryant, MD Rush '09, is recovering from an illness at his home inBeverly Hills, Calif. William P. MacCracken, Jr., '09, JD '11,was recently honored by the AmericanOptometric Association "in appreciationof 17 years of service" as their Washington, D. C. representative. A senior partnerof the Washington law firm of MacCracken, Collins and Whitney, Mr. MacCracken served as secretary of the American Bar Association for 11 years and asa member of the Board of Elections ofthat group for 20 years. Currently, he isa life member of the ABA House of Delegates. Mr. MacCracken was a pilot and aflying instructor during World War I andheld Civilian Pilots License No. 1. Marriedto the former Lucille Lewis, he resides inWashington, D. C.Hermann Deutsch, '09, SM '11, PhD '15,has a column in the Njzw Orleans Statesand Item. One day in July, he devotedhis column to nostalgia brought on bybeing reminded that he is now more thanfifty years out of college at Chicago. Mr.Deutsch lives in Metairie, La., a suburbof New Orleans.William R. Yard, '09, writes that at 86he is now retired from active pastoralwork. "I work in churches as needed andteach in the church school." In 1953,Central College, Pella, Iowa, bestowed anhonorary D.D. degree upon him.Johnson F. Hammond, MD Rush '10,became the editor of the Journal of theAmerican Medical Association last December.Franklin C. McLean, MD Rush '10, hasbeen elected president of the Institute ofMedicine of Chicago.Mary Phister Atchley, '11, writes thather husband Dana Winslow Atchley, '11,received an honorary doctor of sciencedegree from Columbia University at itsJune commencement exercises. The citation was presented, "not alone for the 40years of outstanding service you have givento our College of Physicians and Surgeons, but also for the beneficent influenceyou have exerted over medical educationeverywhere."Ralph H. Kuhns, '11, MD Rush '13, ofthe Veterans' Administration RegionalOffice, Chicago, has been appointed toarrange for the introduction of the gameof chess as a therapeutic agent in thestate mental and Veterans' Administrationhospitals.Nell C. Henry, '12, SM '15, of Cleveland, retired a few years ago from theteaching of biology and general science,but continues to be secretary of the Surgery Clinic at University Hospitals inCleveland. She is also the efficient secretary of our Cleveland Alumni Club.Maude Hall Winnett, MD Rush '12, ison the regular attending staff of MaryThompson Hospital in Chicago and alsostill keeps office hours daily in the Mar-" shall Field Annex. She is a fellow of theAmerican College of Surgeons and of theAmerican Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.John N. Martin, PhD '13, had plannedto attend the reunion of his class last June,but was unable to do so Because of illness. His last trip to the campus was theoccasion of the inauguration of Robert M.Hutchins as president of the Universityin 1929.Max M. Kulvin, '14, MD Rush '17, has retired as chief of the eye-ear-nose-throatsection of the Veterans' AdministrationHospital in Coral Gables, Fla., and %now in private practice in Miami.George S. Leisure, '14, was elected vicechairman of the board of directors ofChildren's Village, a treatment center fordisturbed and delinquent boys in DobbsFerry, N. Y. Mr. Leisure is a partner inthe law firm of Donovan, Leisure, Newton,and Irvine and is a director of the EmpireTrust Company. He has served as anassistant U. S. attorney in the SouthernDistrict of New York and as special deputyattorney general of New York in theprosecution of election frauds.Caryl Cody Carr, '15, lives in Claremont, Calif. She spent the summertravelling in Europe with Margaret HessCallahan, '16, who now lives in Wilmington, Del. Writes Mrs. Carr, she met herformer classmate last year after 40 years,and they find that they are still mostcongenial.16-24James B. McKendry, MA '16, retired onJanuary 1 after serving for the past fiveyears as minister of the First ChristianChurch, Tucson, Ariz.Marion Hines, PhD '17, professor ofneuroanatomy at Emory University, retiredlast summer from formal teaching. Herfriends and former students provided theMarion Hines Lectureship for the medicalarea of the university "in recognition ofher services to Emory." Income from theendowment will be used to secure outstanding speakers for the medical schoolprogram. Miss Hines taught at JohnsHopkins, Harvard, and the University ofWisconsin medical schools before joiningthe Emory faculty in 1947. She has servedas a vice president of the American Association of Anatomy, and was president ofthe Atlanta Society of Neurology andPsychiatry in 1952. She will continuemuch of her work, and is the director ofa neuroanatomical training course for postdoctoral and graduate students at Emorythis fall.Fred B. Huebenthal, '17, is back on thejob as director of the Chicago office ofthe Federal Housing Administration after aserious operation for cancer. He recentlypresided at the final approval of an FHAinsured loan for initial apartment buildingin the Prairie Shores urban renewal projecton the South Side of Chicago. Mr. Huebenthal finds the time in his busy schedule to teach at the Real Estate Instituteat the Central YMCA.L. I. Oppenheimer, MD Rush '18, hasbeen retired since January, 1955. He saysthat his classmate, John Simpkin, '16, MDRush '18, is still in active practice in SanLeandro and is "one of the best-thought-of men in the San Francisco East Bayarea."Virginia Frazier Thomas, '19, recentlyretired as an elementary school teacher inChicago after 38 experience-filled years ofteaching. In a recent Tribune interview,Mrs. Thomas said, "Elementary schoolpupils must be made aware of America's22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfight for supremacy in the mathematics-science battle with the Russians." Sheadded that these subjects should bestressed, but not to the exclusion of artsand humanities. "Without these subjects,students will not be able to place the fightfor supremacy in perspective."Lillian Alice White, '19, who died inChicago on September 7, 1955, willed theUniversity nearly $3,000 toward a scholarship or fellowship in the Graduate Schoolof Business.•ienry H. Dennison, MA '20, will retirefin ii Employers' Mutual Liability Insur-anto Company of Wisconsin as residentvice-president next April. Mr. Dennisonis with the district office in Belmont, Mass.Harold Bennett, PhD '21, has just retired, summa cum. laude, from active administration at Victoria College, Universityof Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Can., wherehe has been teaching Latin since 1932.Joseph Bates Hall, '21, president of theKroger Company, was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of CommercialScience by the University of Cincinnatinl the commencement ceremonies there' .t June. While at Chicago, Mr. Hall: . . e hints of the versatility with whichhe has led his life. He was elected toPhi Beta Kappa and won recognition asnational 440-yard hurdles champion. Afterten years of banking and real estate inChicago, he joined the Kroger Companyas manager of its real estate department,becoming in turn, division manager, vicepresident in charge of manufacturingoperation, executive vice president, andpresident. He is a member of the BusinessAdvisory Council of the U. S. Departmentof Commerce, chairman of the Ohio Citizens Highway Committee, and a memberof the executive bodies of many Cin-. mati organizations.William M. Potts, '21, SM '27, PhD '37,is now a lecturer in chemistry at KansasState Teachers' College.Irving C. Reynolds, '21, and his wife,the former Ruth Hamilton, '21, are goingto Madras, India, where Mr. Reynoldswill conduct a dairy products exhibit atthe International Trade Fair. This is thesixth "milk run" to which the Reynoldshave been adding their efforts to otherswho attempt to promote the sale of dairyproducts to people who need them, and toaid in nutritional build-up of many nations.Beginning in 1947 with a project of sup-, 'ving milk to the U. S. Armed Forcesi.. the Far East, their trips abroad haveincluded one as "salesmen for dairy products" around the world in 1954. Mr.Reynolds is officially a representative ofthe Dairy Society International, of whichhe is a past-president. The Society isworking with the U. S. Department ofCommerce in promoting better trade relations with the Indian people. Mr. Reynoldsis also chairman of the board of TheFranklin Ice Cream Co. of Toledo andCleveland.Hildegard M. Romberg, '21, AM '35,PhD '50, is superintendent of District 2,1 licago Public Schools.Franklin E. Vestal, SM '21, retired fromLis position as senior geologist of the Mississippi State Geological Survey at theend of June, 1958. Gladys T. Aubrey, MA '22, widow ofEdsin E. Aubrey, PhD '26, writes that Mr.Aubrey's book Humanistic Teaching andEthical and Religious Values in HigherEducation was published posthumously inlanuary by the University of PennsylvaniaPress as a memorial volume. It is part ofthe Educational Survey being carried onat the University of Pennsylvania. Mr.Aubrey, a former professor at the DivinitySchool there, died September 10, 1956,and had completed the book on that day.William Dock, MD Rush '22, who hasbeen at the Palo Alto Clinic in Calif., returned to the State University College ofMedicine at New York to resume his dutiesas professor of medicine.Vern O. Knudsen, PhD '22, internationally known acoustical physicist, hasbeen named chancellor of the Universityof California at Los Angeles. Mr. Knudsen worked as a research engineer forWestern Electric and taught briefly inChicago before joining the UCLA facultyas an instructor in 1922. He has beena full professor of physics since 1934 andserved as dean of the graduate divisionat Westwood from 1934 to 1958. Withthe advent of sound in the motion pictureindustry in 1929, Mr. Knudsen was calledupon by Hollywood studio executives tohelp design stages for sound. He is creditedwith planning the first sound stages atMGM, United Artists and Paramount Studios. He was one of the consultants forthe U.N. headquarters in New York Cityand also served as acoustics consultant forthe Hollywood Studios of CBS. DuringWorld War II, he worked on Navy submarine and sonar -problems and was thefirst director of research of what is nowthe U. S. Navy Electronics Laboratory inSan Diego. In 1950, he was named chairman of a three-man administrative committee to head UCLA. Associated withthe Los Angeles campus of the Universityof California for 37 years, Mr. Knudsenis "a wise teacher and skillful administra-Mexi *HMttkWhat's behind all these headlines aboutThe New Chicago College?An interview with Alan Simpson,new Dean of the College. Blunt questions by alumni;frank answers by the Dean.in Ute. Ataaemltesi iisiueOCTOBER, 1959 23tor . . . and has contributed greatly" to thedevelopment of UCLA as a major institution of higher learning.Harvey L. Horwich, '23, JD '25, writesfrom Chicago: "The Horwiches are onthe move again— and it's still westward.. . . Commencing next fall, 'Ding DongSchool' will again be seen across U.S.A.(His wife is 'Miss Frances' RappaportHorwich, '29, creator of this TV program).. . . The program is now to be filmedin Hollywood."Gladys Finn, '24, who retired last springas assistant to the secretary of the facultiesat Chicago, is on her way around theworld. She left on a slow boat to Japanin late September. Before she returns toChicago next August she will have visitedalmost everywhere from India to Scandinavia, Scotland and England.26-29Esmond R. Long, MD Rush '26, hasjust completed the third edition of Chemistry and Chemotherapy of Tuberculosis.Maude Smith, '26, is now regent of thePushmatsha Chapter of the D. A. R. andpresident of Gamma Chapter of the DeltaKappa Gammas.Vera L. Smith, '26, enjoyed the reunionof her class on the U of C campus thisyear. She writes that she particularlyliked the tour of the neighborhood andthe "class" on the St. Lawrence Seaway.Lt. Col. Francisco T. Roque, '27, MD'32, is consultant in pulmonary diseasesfor the U. S. Army in Japan and Korea.He expects to return to the United Statesin time for the 1960 June reunion.Paul A. Campbell, MD Rush '28, chiefof the Division of Space Medicine atRandolph Air Force Base, was chairmanof a joint meeting of the American Physiological Society and the American Astro-nautical Society held in Washington, D. C,last year.Edna E. Eisen, '28, SM '29, PhD '48,professor of geography at Kent State University, is a contributor to the new "Golden Book Encyclopedia" for grade-school children, published by Simon and Schuster,Inc. The encyclopedia business is nothingnew for Miss Eisen. She has served for15 years as contributor to "Compton'sPicture Encyclopedia" and to the "WorldBook Encyclopedia." In addition, she isa consultant for the Cram Map Co. Keeping herself "on the map," Miss Eisen hasmade several extensive studies of thegeography of the U. S. In 1935, she wroteOur Country from the Air, one of the firstpublications based on an air view of theU. S. She is a frequent contributor tomany professional journals and wrote herdoctoral dissertation on "Educational LandUse in Lake County, Ohio." During WorldWar II, Miss Eisen^ trained a group ofpeople in military map making for theArmy Map Service.Kathryn B. Hildebran, AM '28, PhD '38,was elected representative of the MiddleStates Association of Modern LanguageTeachers to the Executive Committee ofthe National Federation of Modern Language Teachers Association. She has beenhead of the modern language departmentof Western Maryland College, Westminster,Md., since 1940.John A. Larson, MD Rush '28, hasjoined the staff of the Montana State Hospital in Warm Springs, Mont., as actingclinical director.Richard C. McVey, '28, PhD '57, isassistant superintendent, Chicago PublicSchools.Morris Hoffman, SM '29, chairman ofthe physics department at East HighSchool in Denver, Colo., is attending ahigh school mathematics and science instructors' seminar at Stanford Universitythis summer, on a Shell Merit Fellowship.Howard Y. McClusky, PhD '29, receivedan award and a gift of $1,000 for distinguished faculty achievement at the University of Michigan. The award recognizes distinguished teaching as well asresearch and other services to the university.Noel G. Shaw, MD Rush '29, is presidentof the Chicago Pediatric Society and hasbeen elected to a four-year term on the Executive Committee of the Annual Clin.ical Conference of the Chicago MedicalSociety. He served on the program committee for the 1959 Clinical Conferencelast March.Robert Mason, MD Rush '29, is atSpence Air Base, Moultrie, Ga., workingas flight surgeon.30-33Marguerite Logan, SM '30, associateprofessor of geography at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, retired fromher position in June.Janet L. MacDonald, AM '30, PhD '39,has been awarded a fellowship in EastAsian studies from Harvard University forthe academic year 1959-60.Charles A. Rosetta, '30, MBA '37, hasbeen elected a member of the board ofdirectors of The Peoples' Bank, TallahasseeFla.Leo Rosten, '30, PhD '37, who wroteThe Education of Hyman Kaplan over 20years ago, has written another book aboutMr. Kaplan. The Return of Hyman Kaplanwas published by Harper & Brothers inSeptember. In the June issue of Harper'sMagazine, Mr. Rosten answers the question of how he happened to write the newbook about the famous student. "It cameabout in the horrid summer of 1958, duringone of the most harrowing stretches ofmy life. ... I turned once more to thecongregations of the self for— yes, for self-administered consolation. And, it was Mr.Kaplan who appeared— his zest undiminished, frankly annoyed by the length oftime it had taken me to realize what wasreally important in life. . . . Mr. Kaplantreated bygones as if they were bagelsand consented to collaborate once more."Between the two books, Mr. Rosten hashad quite a career, with a distinguishedrecord in government service, fiction andscreen writing, and journalism. He eventaught, once upon a time, at a night schoolfor adults on the West Side of Chicago.In the same issue of Harper's is an articleon the changes brought about in factoryThe Sun Life of Canada, one of the world's great lifeCAREER insurance companies, offers men of ambition and integrity anoutstanding professional career in its expanding fieldforces. If you are interested in a career with unlimitedWITH opportunities, then Sun Life has the answer.• Expert Continuous TrainingA • Excellent Income Opportunity• Generous Welfare BenefitsFUTURE For full information about a Sun Life sales career,write to W. G. ATTRIDGE, Director of Agencies,Sun Life of Canada, Montreal.SUN LIFE ASSli IRANCE COMPANY OF CANADACO/ VST TO COAST IN THE UNITED STATES24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElife by automation, written by WarnerBloomberg, Jr. (see 1940s). In the magazine there is also a book review of thecollection of short stories by Philip Roth,AM' 55, Goodbye, Columbus (see June,1959, issue of U of C Alumni Magazine),and an article on the Canadian NationalExhibition by Bernard Asbell, '54.Charles Schwartz, '30, PhD '33, receiveda master's degree in bacteriology from theUniversity of Massachusetts last June 5.Bernard Weinberg, '30, PhD '36, is professor of French here and chairman ofthe department of romance languages andliterature. He teaches the French Renaissance, the French philosophers of theseventeenth and eighteenth centuries, andFrench and Italian literary criticism. Muchof his recent writing has been in thefield of Italian Renaissance criticism, preliminary to a History of Literary Criticismin the Italian Renaissance, now completedand ready for publication. *Florence B. Caird, '31, AM '38, is theprincipal of the Joyce Kilmer ElementarySchool in Chicago.Louis G. Cowan, '31, president of theCBS Television Network Division, is oneof the CBS executives whose undergraduate alma maters have been awarded aCBS Foundation Grant of $3,000 this year.The intent behind these grants, begun in1954, is to contribute to the cost of education which is not fully paid by thestudent's tuition fees but borne by thecollege's endowment or other funds.Jack Cowen, MD Rush '31, of Chicago,presented a paper on pool gonioscopybefore the Ophthalmological Society atthe University of Graz, Austria.Gladys Kindred Dolan, MD '31, movedto Tulsa, Okla., in 1948. Until 1954 shewas in the Maternal-Child Health Department; she has since been clinic staff physician at the Children's Medical Center.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71 ST ST.OCTOBER, 1959 Dobbs F. Ehlman, AM '31, PhD '33,has been listed in Who's Who in America,1958. A church executive, Mr. Ehlman isthe official representative of the GeneralCouncil of Evangelical and ReformedChurches. He has travelled extensively inChina, Japan, Honduras, Ecuador, Africa,Iraq, India, and Indonesia, and is the associate secretary of the Board of InternationalMissions. Mr. Ehlman is the author ofThe Religious Aim and Human Perplexity(1937), and Japan Seeks a New Way(1949).Julian J. Jackson, '31, head of his ownpublic relations firm in Chicago and chairman of this year's Alumni Foundationdirect mail committee, is the new president of the famous Chicago Literary Club.Mr. Jackson has an extensive contemporarylibrary which should help qualify him forthis responsibility and honor.James M. Sheldon, Jr., '31, and Mrs.Sheldon announce the marriage of theirdaughter, Anne, to Mr. Thomas IversonRodhouse. The wedding took place inBond Chapel; a reception was held afterwards in the Quadrangle Club. Mr. Sheldonis assistant to the chancellor of theUniversity.Frank Wood, MD Rush '32, is at presentoperating and teaching at the PresbyterianMission Hospital at Ebolona, French Cam-eroons.Charles E. Weir, '32, has brought outnew information on the behavior of solidsunder pressure in a series of studiesmade recently at the National Bureau ofStandards.Herman H. Goldstine, '33, SM '34,PhD '36, is resident manager of the LambEstate Research Center of IBM, in Cort-landt, N. Y. Prior to this position, Mr.Goldstine spent 12 years in research inpure and applied mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N. J.Martin Schroeder, '33, and his wifetook part in the 1958 Christian WorldSeminar.Paul E. Steiner, PhD '33, has left theU of C to become associated with theInstitute for Cancer Research in Philadelphia. He was professor of pathology.34-38Keith S. Grimson, MD Rush '34, is chairman of the American Heart Association'sCouncil for High Blood Pressure Research.Helen Johnson Ardrey, '35, and RobertArdrey, '30, have separated. Mrs. Ardreyis remaining in the Los Angeles home at236 Tigertail Road. Mr. Ardrey, a writerby profession, currently has a Londonaddress.Oscar T. Backlund, MA '35, is servingas chaplain and administrator of the OldPeople's Home of the Eastern MissionaryAssociation, New York City.Richard H. Baugh, MD Rush '35, completed his formal training in obstetrics andgynecology at Providence Hospital in Detroit in 1954. He has been in privatepractice in Dearborn, Mich.Wallace Byrd, MD Rush '35, still operates his one-man clinic in Colgate, Okla.,which he established eight years ago. Lewis A. Dexter, '35, a free lance consultant in public opinion, public administration and military analysis, won secondprize ($250) in an essay contest sponsoredby the Textile Workers Union on rehabilitating the industry. He emphasized consumer research and an overhaul of textilemanagement practices. Mr. Dexter livesin Belmont, Mass.William Gaige, AM '35, is one of fourRhode Island educators who received honorary degrees from Providence Collegelast June. Mr. Gaige, president of theRhode Island College of Education since1952, received an honorary Doctor of Lawsdegree. He was a teacher in the Massachusetts public schools and the superintendent of schools in Claremont, Calif.,before accepting his post at R.I.C.E.Wells Chamberlain, AM '36, PhD '56,is now associate professor of French here.Although his dissertation was in the fieldof Balzac, he has been expanding hisknowledge of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and regularly teaches specialized courses in those fields. He ischairman of the new Foreign LanguagesStaff in the recently revised undergraduateprogram of the university. Last spring anarticle of his appeared in the publicationof the University of Toulouse.Ada-Mae Balmer Bekker, '38, receivedher master of arts degree from WesternMichigan University this past summer.Helena Z. Benitez, '38, of the PhilippineWomen's University, has brought theByanihan Dance Group to the U. S. thisfall to make its New York debut underthe management of Sol Hurok at theWinter Garden Theater. The Byanihandancers, who are dedicated to the studyand preservation of the native culture ofthe Philippines, enjoyed much success atthe Brussells World Fair and in Rome,Barcelona, Copenhagen, and other European cities. Miss Benitez is also presidentof the Philippine Association of UniversityWomen and met recently with other representatives of the world-wide organization, the International Federation of University Women, in Helsinki, Finland.Catherine Street Chilman, AM '38, hasbeen promtoed to assistant professor ofhome economics of the College of HomeEconomics, Syracuse University.Neil H. Jacoby, PhD '38, dean of theGraduate School of Business Administration at U.C.L.A., is a director of thenewly organized Electronics Capital Corporation at San Diego. It is the largestand one of the first investment companiesorganized under the new Small BusinessInvestment Act.David S. Pankratz, MD Rush '38, hasbeen elected historian of the MississippiState Medical Association for 1958-59.Arthur Robinson, MD Rush '38, hasbeen granted the first combined appointment on the faculty of the University ofColorado School of Medicine: assistantprofessor of biophysics and assistant clinical professor of pediatrics.Betty Booth Rosenwald, '38, writes thatJane Thompson Sabin O'Flaherty, '38, isliving and working in New York City;she is the mother of "two handsome younggentlemen."Emma Genevieve Stanton, SM '38, is25For menyoung enoughto beThe opportunities for a highly successful career in life insurance selling havenever been better . . . and nowhereare those opportunities greater than withMassachusetts Mutual.Consider these signposts of success:More than a billion dollars of Massachusetts Mutual life insurancewas sold in 1958, our seventh consecutive all-time high year.Men in their first and second years with us accounted for 26%of our 1958 sales volume.Each of 166 representatives placed over $1,000,000 of Ordinarylife insurance in Massachusetts Mutual for a total of $234,833,000.The 662 men with our company five years or longer earned $13,088per man, with one in six earning over $20,000.Our 100 leading salesmen earned an average of $30,357 last year.Massachusetts Mutual trains men for successful selling . . . paysthem while they learn.If you are looking for a new future with unlimited opportunities,write for a free copy of ??A Selling Career". Or if you are alreadyestablished please call this advertisement to the attention ofsomeone not yet in the proper business niche.Massachusetts MutualORGANIZED 1851 SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 726 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEan instructor in mathematics at PortlandState College, Portland, Ore.Moddie D. Taylor, SM '38, PhD '43,professor of chemistry at Howard University in Washington, D. C, has receiveda $23,000 grant from the National ScienceFoundation to study hydrides, borohydrides,and benzoates of the rare earth elements.Paul A. Wagner, '38, has recently beennamed director of public information forthe National Foundation. In this post,Mr. Wagner will organize and direct aprogram of public -information in thehealth areas of polio, virus research, birthdefects and arthritis. He will also headthe public information program for theannual March of Dimes.39-45Rudyerd Boulton, '39, of Washington,D. C., and Louise Rehm were married inWashington on April 15. Their plans forthe future include a trip to Africa, wherethey hope to establish a mobile field laboratory for the purpose of aiding youngpersons setting forth on a career of research in the natural sciences, with emphasis on the African scene. While in Chicago,Mr. Boulton was a curator at the FieldMuseum of Natural History.Robert Fouch, '39, SM '40, is secondarysupervisor of mathematics and science,School District of South Orange, Maple-wood, N. J. ¦%William W. Shideler, SM '39, receivedhis doctor of philosophy degree from OhioState University at their spring quartercommencement on June 12.Ellen J. Beckman, AM '40, is teachingchoral music at Northwestern High Schoolin Hyattsville, Md.Thomas Hale Hamilton, AM '40, PhD'47, formerly vice-president for academicaffairs at Michigan State University, hasbeen chosen president of the State University of New York. S.U.N.Y. has 40campuses and serves 65,000 students, making Mr. Hamilton's job unique, not tosay extensive.Clarence V. Hodges, MD Rush '40, became professor of surgery at the University of Oregon Medical School last July 1.He is head of the University's Divisionof Urology.Cyril O. Houle, PhD '40, spent theperiod from December 15 to March 11last year on an extended trip throughAfrica and Europe. The major part ofhis trip was sponsored by the AfricanUniversities Program, a joint venture of theU of C and UCLA. This program issupported by the Ford Foundation and isdesigned to assist the development of theuniversities in sub-Saharan Africa. Aftervisiting London for briefing by experts inthe Colonial Office and the University ofLondon, Mr. Houle went on to Ghanawhere he participated for two weeks ina special annual conference of extensionstudents. Following this, he visited theUnion of South Africa, Basutoland, Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Kenya, Uganda, and Sudan. In thesecountries, he gave special attention tothe work of the extension divisions ofthe African universities. He also, whereOCTOBER, 1959 possible, studied other forms of adulteducation. While en route home, Mr.Houle went to Denmark and Sweden tomake a brief study of the folk high schoolsin those countries.J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr., '40, SM '41, PhD'42, is the new manager of Research andDevelopment Operations of the NuclearDevelopment Corporation of America. In1944, Mr. Wilkins served as a physiciston the Manhattan project at the Metallurgical Laboratory here, working on basicproblems in reactor theory and reactorengineering. He is the author of numerouspapers in scientific and mathematical journals, a member of Phi Beta Kappa, andnumerous professional societies, includingthe American Mathematical Society, andthe American Nuclear Society. Mr. Wilkinslives in White Plains, N. Y., with his wifeand two children, Sharon Louise, 11, andJ. Ernest, III, 8. He is presently 1st vice-president of the Urban League of Westchester.Charles W. Meister, AM '42, PhD '48,has been dean of instruction at ArizonaState College since 1957.Warren V. Stough, MD Rush '42, completed his residency in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Miami andstarted a private practice in Fort Lauderdale in July of 1958.Justin Aalpoel, '43, MD '45, is chief ofthoracic surgery at the VA Hospital inPortland, Ore. He was certified by theAmerican Board of Surgery in 1957 andby the Board of Thoracic Surgery in 1958.Benjamin S. Bloom, PhD '43, spent thesummer of 1958 helping the Indian government to move forward on its plan torevise the secondary school examinations.This plan provides for the periodic revision of internal and external evaluationprocedures in relation to changes in boththe educational objectives and the learning experiences of students.Emmy Aufricht Hellin, '44, AM '48, isin private practice of psychoanalysis inNew York City. She is a member of theNational Psychological Association forPsychoanalysis (NPAP) and has completed the training program at the NPAP Training Institute in N. Y.Frederick Logan Hilgert, '44, MD Rush'45, of Los Angeles, was married lastAugust to Audrey M. Oberle, R. N. Stanley H. Moulton, MD Rush '45, was bestman.Helen Robinson, PhD '44, was electedvice president of the American Association of School Administrators; she willautomatically succeed to the presidency ofthe National Conference on Research inEnglish in 1961.William C. Walzer, PhD '44, of theNational Council of Churches, was recentlyelected president of the National ReligiousPublicity Council.Roger Englander, '45, producer-directorof the New York Philharmonic YoungPeoples Concerts, has been signed byHenry Jaffe Enterprises for a series of 12special musical programs for the secondseason of The Bell Telephone Hour onthe NBC Television Network Fridaynights, from 8:30-9:30 p.m. The first colorcast is scheduled for October 9. Mr.Englander produced two of the four Bellmusicals last season.Ernst R. Jaffe, '45, MD '48, SM '48, andfamily are well settled in a "new thirty-year-old" house in Tenafly, N. J. Dr.Jaffe is on the faculty of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Department of Medicine.46-48Marilyn Buehrer Saveson, '46, AM '49,and her husband, John, AM '48, announcethe birth of a second son, John, on November 20, 1958. They live in Valparaiso, Ind.Jayne Cowen Seliger, '46, AM '48, kindlywrites from Borger, Tex., that she not onlyenjoys the Magazine, but she also oftenuses material from it for her broadcasting program, when she wants "color" forbehind the news headlines. Her husbandis Louis Seliger, AM '48.Thomas L. Thomasma, '46, of WestCovina, Calif., writes that he is helpingMR. WAGNER '38 MR. GUSLAND '49with the building of a new church extension of the Reformed Church in America which started last July 1.C. A. Arenberg, SM '47, and Y. Baskin,'51, SM '52, PhD '55, are co-authors of atechnical paper appearing in the Julyissue of The American Ceramic SocietyBulletin. The title of the paper is "ThoriaReinforced by Metal Fibers." Both menare research scientists in the Ceramics andMinerals Research Department of theArmour Research Foundation. Mr. Arenberg was assistant professor of chemistryat Roosevelt College in Chicago from1947 to 1951. In 1952-53, he was a physical chemist with the Catalytic Construction Co. He joined the staff of ArmourResearch Foundation in 1953, and is nowsenior scientist there. Mr. Baskin joinedthe Armour staff in 1953. His presentresearch interests are in the field of hightemperature materials.Richard K. Blaisdell, MD Rush '47, hasleft the U of C to work with the AtomicBomb Casualty Commission in Japan. Hewas assistant professor of medicine here.Warner Bloomberg, Jr., '47, AM '50,contributed "Requiem for the LaboringMan" to the June issue of Harper's Magazine. As a boy in Massillon, Ohio, Mr.Bloomberg got a defense job in a steelfactory, and except for two summersspent in the Navy, he returned to thisjob. After he got his master's in sociologyfrom the U of C, he worked full-time ina Gary, Ind., steel mill. He reports fromthe inside on changes brought about infactory life by automation in this article.He is presently an assistant professor ofsociology at Syracuse University in New-York State.Myron G. Chapman, '47, '49, MD '51,is in private practice of internal medicineand cardiology in Claremont, Calif., andis associated with the Health Service ofClaremont Colleges.Barbara L. Wynn, '47, '49, received amaster of science degree in Library Science from Western Reserve University,Cleveland, Ohio, last June.William D. Baker, Jr., AM '48, waselected president of the Buffalo WorldHospitality Association. He makes hishome in Eggertsville, N. Y.Elizabeth Barineau, PhD '48, after having taught at the U of C occasionally inthe past, became an associate professorin the department of romance languagesand literature in 1955. Her specialty isVictor Hugo and the nineteenth centuryin French literature, but she teaches awide range of courses, with concentrationsin the Renaissance and the Classical andcontemporary periods.Wallace W. Booth, Jr., '48, MBA '48,is moving from Birmingham, Mich., toToronto, Canada, with his family; he hasrecently been appointed director of financeof Ford Motor Co. of Canada, Ltd.Winslow G. Fox, MD '48, is a happygeneral practitioner in Ann Arbor, Mich.N. J. Galluzzi, MD '48, was certified bythe American Board of Internal Medicinein May of 1957. He continues as chief ofmedicine at the Detroit P.H.S. Hospital.Paul Glickman, '48, 50, MD '53, resident in medicine at Billings, is engrossedin the study of the interrelations of tissueelectrolytes and nucleic acids. His clinical28 activities are carried out in the rheumatology service.Luther H. Gulick, Jr., MA '48, PhD '52,and his wife, Melba Christensen Gulick,'46, MA '48, are off to Pakistan. Mr.Gulick, who has been associate professorof geography at Winona State College,Winona, Minn., for the past six years, hasa Fulbright research grant for a land-usestudy in the vicinity of Hyderabad. It iseleven years since the Gulicks were married at Thorndike-Hilton Chapel a matterof hours after receiving their degrees. Last.summer they camped their way in andout of nine countries of Western Europewithout their three children, Leslie, Alanand Lisa. But they will all be going toPakistan.49-52Richard Henderson, PhD '49, is professor of education in charge of elementaryeducation methods and student teachingat Emory University, Atlanta, Ga.Gilbert Gusland, '49, has recently beenappointed merchandising manager of theWright Saw and Sprayit Division ofThomas Industries, Inc. He joins ThomasIndustries after ten years as a buyer oftools, compressors and automotive testequipment for Montgomery Ward in Chicago, and will be moving shortly to Sheboygan, Wise, where he will be activein new product development for the company.Jack W. Japenga, 49, MD 53, recently completed his residency in radiology atBillings Hospital and plans to continuetherapy training and practice in California.Sherwood P. Miller, MD '49, left Calilfornia last December and is on the attending staff of Maimonides Hospital inBrooklyn and in the practice of internalmedicine on Staten Island.Robert J. Mayer, '50, and Miss CarolSilversmith were married late last sum-mer. Mr. Mayer and his father arc partners in F. M. Mayer & Co., a securitiesfirm in New York.Edwin P. Moldof, AM '50, is field manager of the south pacific sales territoryfor LePage's, makers of adhesives andcellophane tapes. His home is in BeverlyHills, Calif.William R. Smith, MBA '50, has beenappointed staff engineer of the patentsection of IBM at their Owegeo, N. Y.plant. He and his wife live in Endieott,N. Y.Paul Benke, AM '51, MBA '54, is now avice-president of the H. K. Porter Co., Inc.,of Pittsburgh, Pa., and the general managerof the Mouldings Division of the samecompany, located in Detroit. Mr. Benkeand his family moved to Birmingham,Mich, (near Detroit), from Venetia, Pa.,last Thanksgiving.Henry D. Blumberg, '51, has recentlybeen appointed Assistant District Attorneyof Herkimer County, New York. In aneffort to minimize his ease load, Mr.Blumberg asks all U of C'ers not to exceedthe 60 M.P.H. speed limit on the NewNeedcorrugated boxesin volume?yourH&D packagingengineer.V.- -v. ^.. HINDE&DAUCH£»' Division of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company15 Factories, 42 Sales OfficesSandusky, OhioTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEYork State Thruway between Exits 29-31.Ethel M. Bonn, MD '51, of the VeteransHospital at Topeka, Kan., has been chief0f the Women's Psychiatric Section theresince January, 1957.Roy O. Carlson, AM '51, has been assigned to an academic year of economicstudies at the University of Chicago afterserving for two years as U. S. Vice-Consulin Dacca, Pakistan, and three years asSecond Secretary of embassy in Stockholm,Sweden.Thomas G. Green, '51, '55, received abachelor's degree in architecture from theYale School of Art and Architecture lastJune. He was awarded the Eliel SaarinenMemorial Traveling Fellowship for 1959-60and will travel in Europe during the coming year. Mr. Green is curl ently workingwith The Architects' Collaborative inCambridge, Mass.Terry F. Lunsford, '51, JD'57, andMolly Felker Lunsford, '52 AM'57, visitednew campus scenes and old campus friendsrecently while on a motoring trip fromColorado to Long Island. Mr. Lunsford isa staff assistant with the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education inBoulder, Colo. This organization coordinates higher education planning in 13western states, including Alaska and Hawaii; it determines educational needs andmakes recommendations for the more effective use of educational facilities. Mrs.Lunsford is an administrative analyst withthe State Budget Office, a division established in 1957 to coordinate the budgetsof 125 state agencies and to formulate andrecommend policies for the governor andthe legislature.Harold Lischner, MD '52, was marriedin December of 1958 to Kyong Ok Kim,a Korean nurse. He is finishing his residency in pediatrics at the UCLA MedicalCenter.Jum C. Nunnally, Jr., PhD '52, has justpublished a new book, Tests and Measurements, (McGraw-Hill). For some time, Mr.Nunnally was statistical consultant for aproject sponsored by the U. S. Navy atNewport, R. I., he constructed tests forNaval officers. He's been at the Universityof Illinois since 1954, where he is anassociate professor of psychology— teaching on both the undergraduate and graduate levels. He also is dean of the Collegeof Liberal Arts and Sciences there.53-60Howard R. Baker, Jr., MD '53, willcomplete his training in orthopedic surgery at the Orthopedic Hospital (Children's) at Los Angeles.Norman L. Cadman, MD '53, has apathology fellowship at the Mayo Foundation.R. A. Berdish, '53, lives in Chicago, andteaches applied mechanics at Greer'sShop-Training, Inc.Agatha Sobel, MD '54, completed residency in July, 1958, and is now half-timeon the staff at St. Elizabeth Hospital atRockville, Md., and half-time in the privatepractice of psychiatry.Edwin L. Stickney, MD '54, has beenappointed to the Montana State AssociationRural Health Committee and is assisting in the establishment of a walking bloodbank in Broadus, Mont.Eugene Terry, '54, JD '56, is returningto law practice in Chicago, after a two-year tour with the Air Force in Turkey.Allan C. Bates, AM '55, is a newlyappointed instructor in English at LakeForest College, Lake Forest, 111. He hasbeen teaching at Chicago Teachers' College while completing the requirementsfor his PhD from the U of C. Mr. Batesis especially interested in 19th CenturyAmerican literature; his thesis is on MarkTwain's river experiences and their relationship to Twain's writings. While oncampus here from 1954 to 1956, Mr. Batesserved as coach of the wrestling team.Johan C. Beker, PhD '55, has beenappointed associate professor of New Testament theology of the Pacific School ofReligion, Berkeley, California. Mr. Bekerhas been serving as assistant professor ofNew Testament at Union Theological Seminary since 1956.Joe E. Stein, '56, a major in the U.S.A.F.,has been assigned to duty at St. Joseph'sCollege Air Force R.O.T.C. Detachment.Major Stein has been stationed in Japanfor the past three years as personnel plansofficer at Headquarters Fifth Air Force.At St. Joseph's, he will serve as executiveofficer and director of training in additionto teaching a course in Air Science I. Heis married and the father of three children.Athan G. Theoharis, '56, '57, AM '59,is currently working for a PhD in historyhere. For the last three years, he's beenon the housing staff of the U of C.Kathryn Aller Bacon, '57, and her husband, "Steve," '56, announce the birth ofa son, Christopher, on April 21, in Washington, D. C. Steve has been stationedat Fort Meade Army base for over a year,and works as a reporter for The MarylandGazette in his spare time.Elliott D. Bryant, '57, recently wasappointed assistant to the president ofAlderson-Broaddus college, Philippi, W. Va.His new duties will include public relationsand college development. For five yearssoloist of the choir here, the Rev. Mr.Bryant, has been attending the Universitydivinity school since 1954.Robert Cole, MD '57, has just completedfour months of intensive training in basicmilitary psychiatry and will be stationedat the USAF Hospital at Lackland AirForce Base, San Antonio, Tex.Coleman R. Seskind, MD '59, has beenawarded the Sheard-Sanford prize for $100for his manuscript, "Serum Lipid Levelsin Rats Fed Vegetable Oils with andwithout Cholesterol," by the AmericanSociety of Clinical Pathologists.Sue Shapiro, '59, former reporter ofClass News for the Magazine, is now withthe editorial department of Pocket Books,Inc., of New York City.Milan J. Bagel, currently working on amaster's degree in business administrationhere, won second place and a $25 prizein the Quality Quiz "slogan-of-the-month"contest sponsored by the Chicago OfficeOperating department of the U. S. Gypsum Co. Mr. Bagel has been with U. S.Gypsum since November, 1957, and is aparticipant in the company's tuition refundprogram. t.a.rehnquistco Sidewalks? Factory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete Breaking•"• NOrmal 7-0433POND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAdd res so graph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10. IllinoisSARGENT'S DRUG STOREestablished 1852Chicago's most completeprescription and chemical stockphone RAndolph 6-477023 N. Wabash AvenueChicago7£e Sxebtttve &le*KW4>We operate our own dry cleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Ml dway 3-0602 NO rmal 7-98581442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica - Bolex - Rolleiflex - Polaroid1342 E. 55th SI. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model SuppliesPhoto press¦.¦jji^aiii-hMUJ'iJFine Color Work • Quality Book ReproductionCongress St Expressway at Gardner RoadBroadview, Illinois CO/umbus 1-1420OCTOBER, 1959InzmoxiafMichael F. Guyer, '94, PhD '00, died inNew Braunfels, Tex., on April 1.Inez Hopkins Downey, '96, a member ofthe first graduating class at the Universityof Chicago, died in May, at her home inSt. Paul, Minn. According to the St. PaulDispatch, she was "born in Colorado territory, one of the few girls who went eastto school at that time, first to WellesleyCollege, and then to Chicago, where shewas in the first graduating class."Homer Percy Dredge, MD Rush '96,died November 27, 1958, in Sandstone,Minn.Bowman C. Lingle, '96, retired vice-president of Harris Trust & Savings Bank,Chicago, died this July. Mr. Lingle waspresident of the congregation of the FourthPresbyterian Church and a member ofthe Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society, Citizens Public Personnel Association,and the Juvenile Protective Association.James N. Hart, SM '97, died on May 4at his home near Augusta, Me.Ollie W. Rice, MD Rush '97, died inMcAlcster, Okla., February 3.Harriett Agerter Stoll, '97, died in 1955.Her husband, Elmer E. Stoll (professor ofEnglish at the University of Minnesota) wrote then that he was providing a bequestto the University in his will in her memory. We have received notice of hisdeath and a bequest of $40,000 for theHarriett Agerter Scholarship, to be awardedwith preference to worthy students fromthe town of her birth, Lima, Ohio.Fred H. Calhoun, '98, PhD '02, diedlast spring in Clemson, S. C. He had beena member of the faculty at ClemsonCollege.Annie Dolman Inskeep, PhD '98, diedon May 20 at her home in La Jolla, Calif.Prior to her death, she had been a childpsychologist and a teacher in the Berkeleyschool system.Alfred Lewy, MD Rush '98, died onDecember 14, 1958. Until the time ofhis death, he had been assistant city physician for Chicago. His widow is MinnieBarnard Lewy, '01; his three sons arealumni of the University: Everett, '25,JD '27, Lawrence, '34, JD '36, and Robert,'30, MD '35.James William Barnebee, MD Rush '01,died December 19, 1958, in Kalamazoo,Mich.Robert H. Campbell, '01, died in Toledo,Ohio, on March 19. John Dexter, '02, pioneer resident ofArdmore, Okla., died on July 24. MrDexter graduated with honors from theUniversity in 1902 and was a member ofDelta Upsilon fraternity here. His manycivic activities included the Rotary International, the presidency of the chamberof commerce of Ardmore, and a long listof affiliations which led to the develop.ment of the educational and recreationalopportunities in his area.Bessie J. Crary, '03, of Alhambra, Calif.died on January 22.Harry E. Mock, '04, MD Rush '06, diedon June 30, at his home in Ormond, Fla.Dr. Mock had practiced medicine in Chicago since 1906 and has been associatedwith St. Luke's hospital since 1915. Hewas a widely known authority on the treatment of skull factures and brain injuriesand on industrial medicine and surgery.In 1955, he and his wife moved to Florida,returning to Chicago for several monthseach year.Cora L. Smith, '04, died in Baldwin,N. Y., in the summer of 1958.Robert B. Wylie, PhD '04, died onJune 9, at Iowa Citv, la.From New York Life's yearbook of successful insurance career men!BOB BRADLEY-for10 years in successionmore than amillion dollars in sales!New York Life representative Bob Bradley is ona road that seems to have no ending. Every yearsince 1949, he has sold more than a million dollarsworth of New York Life insurance and is well onthe way to doing the same this year. And becauseof New York Life's unique compensation plan,Bob is assured of a lifetime of financial security.Bob Bradley, like many other college alumni, iswell established as a New York Life representative. His own talents and ambitions are the onlylimitations on his potential income. In addition,he has the deep satisfaction of helping others. Ifyou or someone you know would like more information on such a career with one of the world'sleading insurance companies, write: 'OROBERT CBRADLEY, C.LUNew York LifeRepresentative att"e Co,umblJSr OhioGeneral OfficeEducation: Cornell rrMilitary.- ri <? AMajor • Army '41- '46,Employment Recorri. TYor* Life Sept il J°ined Ne*Qualifying'16' 194°-M"lion Slla" Ro 6/ember'Iar R°und Table.IVew Ti>rk LifeInsurance W™) CompanyCollege Relations, Dept. Q751 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIrene Moore Brady, '06, died on February l^, in Hillsborough, Calif. She wast|je widow of James H. Brady, who servedtwo terms as governor of Idaho and wasa tj. S. Senator when he died in 1912.Edward A. Miller, AM '06, PhD 15,died on November 25, 1958, in Orlando,Fla.George B. Stewart, '07, died two yearsago in Dayton, Ohio.Lee Lynton Caldwell, '08, died onTune 1, in Hammond, Ind.Mary Bostwick Day, '08, retired librarianof the Museum of Science and Industry,died in Chicago on June 30. Before working for the museum, Miss Day was headlibrarian at the Southern Illinois StateNormal University, the Portland CementAssociation, and the . National SafetyCouncil.Edith Chapman Donaker, '09, died onAugust 29, 1956, in Oak Park, 111.Harry W. Harriman, '09, JD '11, diedon December 30, 1958, in Madison, Wis.Lyman K. Gould, '10, SM '11, MD '13,died in Fort Wayne, Ind., in Decemberof 1957. The will of Dr. Gould containedan unrestricted bequest of $2,000 to theUniversity.Guy Walter Sarvis, AM '10, died inOrlando, Fla., on June 18, 1958.Rudolph Zedler, '10, died July 29, 1958.Florence Catlin Brown, '11, died onJuly 10 at Coronado, Calif. She was thewidow of Cmdr. Melville Brown of theU. S. Navy. Mrs. Brown retired in 1953as a civil service worker at North IslandNaval Air Station. Prior to that, she hadserved as editor of the Coronado Citizen,a weekly newspaper. She was also oneof the most devoted Gray Ladies in theCoronado Red Cross, contributing muchtime and good feeling to the men in thewards at the U. S. Naval Hospital in SanDiego. Mrs. Brown is survived by a son,a daughter, and 11 grandchildren.Lee L. Caldwell, '12, died at his homein Hammond, Ind., last spring.Clyde M. Joice, '12, who spent his professional life in the field of advertising,died in Evanston, 111., on March 26, 1959.At the time of his death, he was chairmanof the board of Don Kemper Co., Chicago,and treasurer of Phi Kappa Psi, to whichhe was devoted.Irma Staehr, '12, died August 31, 1958.Ralph C. Sullivan, MD Rush '12, diedon April 29, at his home in Oak Park, 111.Lloyd D. Heth, '13, died in Chicago lastMay. He had been senior member of thelaw firm of Heth, Lister and Flynn, andprior to this had served as assistant state'sattorney from 1919-1922. He served aspresident of the Chicago Bar Associationfrom 1941-42.Marie E. Simpson, '13, died in GrandRapids, Mich., in May of 1958.Chester F. Dunham, '14, PhD '39, diedon February 22, in Chicago.Vivian A. Tansey, '13, PhD '21, diedlast February 11. He was professor emeritus°f Geology at the University of Arkansas,where he had taught for thirty-one years.Celia Glickman, '14, died on September13, 1958.Patty Newbold Hoefner, '14, died onMy 17. Her home town was Louisville,%•, but she had lived recently in Hempstead, N. Y. Rose A. Murphy, '14, died on October 2,1955.Evelyn Gertrude Halliday, '15, SM '22,PhD '29, associate professor emeritus ofhome economics at the University, diedrecently in Palo Alto, Calif., leaving abequest of $1,000 to Chicago.Mary E. Kayler, '15, died on February13, at her home in York, Pa.Delmar A. Stevens, '15, died on March 5in Woodstock, 111.Beulah E. Rinehart, '16, died in FortWayne, Ind., on June 2.Mona Finney Rusch, '16, died on June25, 195^, in Homestead, Fla.Dorothy Fay Barclay, '18, died on June 4in Chicago.Milton D. Block, '18, died on January 22in Chicago. He had written two books onaccounting, and was formerly an associateprofessor of accounting at Roosevelt University.John W. Shepard, AM '18, died in 1955in Atlanta, Ga.Elvah H. Grafton, PhD '19, died in 1956at his home in West Chester, Pa.Clair Maxwell, '19, died on May 11 inSt. Augustine, Fla. He had been presidentof the old Life humor magazine when itsname was acquired for a new photo magazine by Time, Inc. He served in the advertising department of Time, Inc., from 1936until 1945.James W. Dupree, '20, died in Tampa,Fla., on May 10. *Wendell Green, LLB '20, the first Negroon the Cook County Circuit Court, diedin Chicago on August 23. He began hispublic career with an appointment asAssistant Public Defender in 1930 and wasnamed to the Chicago Civil Service Commission in 1935. He was elected a judgeof the Municipal Court in 1942 and wasre-elected six years later. Mr. Green wasappointed to the Circuit Court in 1950by the former governor of Illinois, AdlaiE. Stevenson. He was re-elected in 1951and 1957. In 1954, the Chicago CrimeCommission, after a survey, reported thatMr. Green was the hardest-working juristof any assigned to the criminal court atthat time. He averaged 6.7 hours on thebench in 173 court days. He was one ofthe 13 founders of the National Bar Association, an organization of Negro lawyers,and was the first national secretary of theorganization. In 1958, Mr. Green wascited by the U of C Alumni Associationas an outstanding alumnus.Stanley Walker Rockwood, AM '20,professor emeritus at Arkansas College,died in Batesville, Ark., on June 18.Nina B. Carhart, '21, died on January 9.Oscar D. Lambert, AM '21, of Mor-ganstown, W. Va., died June 1.Nelson F. Fisher, PhD '23, MD '27, diedon April 25, at his home in Chicago.William Jesse Baker, MD Rush '24, diedon December 3, 1958.Glenn I. Conner, '24, of Keokuk, la.,died April 24.Ernest Lemon Jewell, MD Rush '24, ofLogansville, Wis., died on November 22,1958.Maurice H. Krout, AM '24, PhD '51,died in Evanston, 111., on November 27,1958.Irwin Dave Siminson, MD Rush '24,died January 26, in Mineral Point, Wis. Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H, Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEPARKER-HOLSMAN^ c ?..... ..y........„......^......j? Y "*Real Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525PhoneThe : REgent 1-331 1Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINC. Co.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes1142 E. 82nd StreetCHICAGO MESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 . WA 2-4561$^; IMPfcdviD METHODSEMPLOYE TRAINING>r WAGE INCENTIVES"JOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESOCTOBER, 1959 31Ruth E. Taylor, MD '24, a physician forthe student health service at the Universityfor nearly 30 years, died in Buffalo, N. Y.,on July 18.Russell C. Emrick, '25, died on October 28, 1958, at his home in Mercer Island,Wash.Austin P. Lewis, '25, MD Rush '29, ofMiami Beach, Fla., died on December 27,1958.David D. Vaughan, AM '25, of Wolfe-boro, N. H., died December 9, 1958.Edward Tankard Browne, PhD '26, diedon March 31.John G. Kirkwood, '26, chairman of thedepartment of chemistry at Yale University,died in New Haven on August 9, 1959.Mr. Kirkwood was an authority on thestatistical mechanics relating to gases andliquids. He had been on leave of absencefrom Yale for the last year, having returnedfrom the Netherlands, where he wasLorentz Professor of Science at the University of Leiden, only a few days beforehis death. Before joining the Yale facultyiu 1951, Mr. Kirkwood taught at theCalifornia Institute of Technology, theUniversity of Chicago, Cornell, and M.I.T.In 1956, he was appointed director ofsciences at Yale, heading the humanities,sciences, and social sciences divisions.Samuel R. Banfield, MD '28, died inHighland Park, III, on April 25.Allicia Grant Cody, '28, AM '36, diedin February at her home in Chicago.Ella V. Barrett, '29, died in Chicagoin February of 1958.Normand Louis Hoerr, PhD '29, MD '31,died in Cleveland, Ohio, on December 14,1958. He was appointed an assistant inthe department of anatomy here in 1925and an instructor in 1926, some three yearsbefore receiving his PhD degree. Heserved as an assistant professor in thedepartment from 1933 to 1939. In 1939,Dr. Hoerr was invited by Western ReserveUniversity to accept the Henry WilsonPayne Professorship in Anatomy, and heserved as head of the department thereuntil the time of his death. In his capacityas secretary-treasurer of the AmericanAssociation of Anatomists, a post whichhe held with distinction for ten yearsbetween 1946 and 1956, Dr. Hoerr servedas adviser, colleague and friend to a greatmany of his fellow anatomists. His advicewas highly valued and his recommendations were sought. In the spring of 1958,Dr. Hoerr was named president-elect ofthis Association, and although its membership knew that his health would probablynot permit his serving in this position, theywanted the organization to have the honorof listing him as one of its presidents.Dr. Hoerr was also an associate editor ofthe Anatomical Record and a managingeditor of the New Gould Medical Dictionary. In addition to these activities, hewas a founder and president of the Cleveland Chamber Music Society.Mildred Gilbertson Atherton, '30, diedin Jackson, Mich. We were notified ofher death on April 29.Ruth M. Campbell, AM '30, died onMarch 4, at her home in San Bernardino,Calif.Elsie Giese Lipp, AM '30, died onMarch 16 in Batavia, 111.Orvis T. Henkle, '31, of Palos Park, 111., died on April 23 after a prolonged illness.Mr. Henkle was vice president and salesmanager for the Mercury Tractor Co. untilhis retirement several years ago.Thelma White Schroeder, '31, died inElmhurst, 111. We were notified of herdeath in June.Louis N. Ridenour, Jr., '32, vice presidentand general manager of the electronicsand avionics division of Lockheed AircraftCorporation, died on May 21, in Washington, D. C, where he had gone onbusiness. He earned his PhD in nuclearphysics from the California Institute ofTechnology and had become internationallyfamous in this field.James C. Beane, '33, died in Februaryof 1958.Morris S. Bench, AM '33, died onNovember 24, 1958, at his home in Asheville, N. C.Raymond Weimerskirch, '34, of West-wood, N. J.,* died in a plane crash onJuly 3. Mr. Weimerskirch was the general manager of the quality control department of the Continental Can Company.Thomas O. Cantwell, MD '35, died onJuly 9.Iola S. Hankey, '35, died in Woodstock,111. We were notified of her death lastJune.Miss Leah C. Graves, '36, died on June14, in San Jose, Calif.Matsukichi Kanai, MD Rush '36, diedin Albuquerque, N. M., on November 22,1958.Barney Malbin, MD Rush '36, died inPortland, Ore. We were notified of hisdeath on May 18.Lydia Glover Nolan, AM '36, formerdirector of admissions and lecturer in theSchool of Social Welfare at the Universityof California in Berkeley, died on April 29.Robert L. La Baw, '37, died recentlyin Duluth, Minn.Robert C. Tschaegle, AM '37, died onMay 6 in Boston. His home had been inIndianapolis.Alexander P. Georgiady, AM '39, diedin August, 1958, at his home in Manitowoc,Wis.C. Sharpless Hickman, '39, died in LosAngeles on February 27. At the time ofhis death he had been the music critic forthe B'nai B'rith Messenger. He began hiscareer as an assistant music critic for theLos Angeles Times.Henry Rhetta, AM '42, died on September 9, 1956.Harry J. Walker, PhD '45, who hadbeen associate professor of sociology atHoward University, died on May 23 inWashington, D. C.Dorothy Ross Aylesworth, AM '47, diedin May.Yachiyo Hirata, AM '47, died on January 31, at the Temple University Hospitalin Philadelphia.Michael A. Martino, Jr., SB '50, SM '50,died in a plane crash near Milan, Italy, onJune 26. Mr. Martino was the top theoretical mathematician at the General ElectricCo. Knolls atomic power laboratory inSchenectady, New York. He and his wifewere returning from an international conference of scientists in Paris and a vacation on the Italian Riviera.Robert P. Pinkerton, AM '52, diedMay 14. LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • ReHnishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180BEST BOILER REP AIR &WEL0INGC0.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at37 South Wabash Ave.Chicago 3, III.YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S . . .A product of I Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-740032 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA composite picture of successThis combination of photographs symbolizes the morethan 450 qualifying members of the Leaders Association,New England Life's organization of top salesmen. Theyhave diverse appearances and personalities, come fromdifferent backgrounds, employ a variety of selling methods.Yet all of these men have a common base on which theirsuccess has been founded: belief in their product.Our Average Leader* believes so strongly in what hesells that his own life is insured for $96,950! And hisenthusiasm and ability led to an income of over $20,000average ($15,000 median!) last year, through sales of morethan a million dollars of life insurance. The average size ofthe 51 policies he sold was $22,523 — four times thenational average of the industry.A college graduate, Mr. Average Leader entered the lifeinsurance business at the age of thirty-four. Now only forty years old, he is a successful and hard-working businessman who enjoys unusual independence.Perhaps a career of this sort appeals to you. There areopportunities at New England Life for other ambitiouscollege men who meet our requirements. For more information, write to Vice President L. M. Huppeler, 501Boylston Street, Boston 17, Massachusetts.NEW ENGLAND(^/ V I (MAMaJC/ J-/ JL JF J-J BOSTON. MASSACHUSETTSTHE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA — 1835*Based on the 275 returns received from a survey of the entire qualifying membership.These Chicago University men are New England Life representatives:GEORGE MARSELOS, '34, Chicago ROBERT P. SAALBACH, '39, Omaha JOHN R. DOWNS, C.L.U., '46, ChicagoLOYD S. SHERWOOD, '37, Seattle HERBERT W. SIEGAL, '46, San AntonioAsk one of these competent men to tell you about the advantages of insuring in the New England Life.What Does Big BusinessDo for Little Business?BIG HELP FOR SMALL BUSINESS and a big help for us too.Western Electric Company representative (left) discusses order withone of its many small business suppliers. Item purchased here isspring used in Bell telephone dials. Millions are bought every year. It docs a great deal.The Bell System, for instance, buys from manysmall businesses.In 1958, its manufacturing and supply unit, theWestern Electric Company, did business withmore than 30,000 other firms throughout thecountry. Nine out of ten of these suppliershad fewer than 500 employees.Purchases totaled more than $1,000,000,000.In addition, Bell System employees spent alarge part of their $3,750,000,000 wages withhundreds of thousands of other businesses.The Bell System also helps many a smallbusiness get started and grow by making its inventions and its product designs available toothers on reasonable terms.Nearly eighty companies, for example, havebeen licensed to make and sell transistors andthus extend the usefulness of this amazing BellTelephone Laboratories invention.There is no doubt that it has been one of thebiggest factors in the electronics boom.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM