UNIVERSITYMACAZIMARCH 1959Next month9 s special issueWith a flood of students threatening to submerge American campusesand with the competition for trainedteachers becoming more intense,what will happen to the quality ofcollege teaching in the decadeahead?Are we about to compromise teaching standards?Next month the MAGAZINE joins250 other alumni magazines (whohave a total 2,250,000 circulation)to present a special report onThe state of College teaching in America todayand the outlook for the years immediately ahead. The report will dealwith two questions:1 . Will we run out of college teachers?(No, but maybe out of quality.)2. Dedication — but at what price level?(Meager pay is dropping them out.)There will be a check list of practical suggestions.In the April issue of the University of Chicago Magazine.emo?«aIncidental newspaper newsWhen Trustee Marshall Field, Jr., ownerof Chicago's morning Sun-Times, purchased the afternoon Daily News, he madeChicago a two-family newspaper city —with the morning Tribune and afternoonAmerican the other family. Within thesetwo families are two families of Universityalumni.The Sun-Times staff includes EmmettDedmon, '39, managing editor; HelenWells, '24, woman's editor; and formerUniversity vice president Wilbur Munneke,vice president and business manager. TheNews adds Budd Gore, '33, retail advertising manager.The Tribune staff includes Leon Stolz,'14, chief editorial writer; George Morgenstern, '30, editorial writer; Chester(Red) McKittrick, '20, business manager;Richard Philbrick, '43, religion and education editor; Fanny Butcher (Bokum), TO,literary editor; Seymour Raven, '38,drama editor; and Charles Collins, '03,columnist and writer. On Sundays HarryHansen, '09, editor of the World Almanac(New York City), joins Fanny Butcher inthe Tribune Books Magazine.Wednesday's QuadrupletsMonday's child is fair of face,Tuesday's child is full of grace,Wednesday's child is sour and sad,Thursday's child is merry and glad . .That's the way at mother's knee we learnedthe verse and that's the source for the titleof Charles Shireman's article in the lastmagazine. No sooner was the issue outthan a careful reader called to say that according to Bartlett 's, Wednesday's own was"loving and giving" . . we researched andcountered with the Home Book of Quotations' "Wednesday's child is full of woe"(Thursday's had far to go). Then whatturned up in John Bran's Observationson Popular Antiquity: "Wednesday's childis merry and glad." We're happy for thechild's sake, and have sworn off popularantiquities.Also, that child isn't as woeful as wesaid: arrests and court referrals for delinquency were approximately one hundredPercent greater in '56 than in '48, ratherthan the '56-58 period we quoted.No adjustment tortureChancellor Lawrence A. Kimpton became Stanford University's twenty-fourthHonorary Fellow for "distinctive contributions to higher education in the UnitedStates" on January 15th. The award isStanford's highest honor. It was made ata formal banquet at the California Club•n Los Angeles.The Los Angeles Times quoted fromthe Chancellor's speech : At Santa Barbara: Jim, Isabelle, Marcia, the Chancellor.'The great university must be young inheart and thinking and must have excitement, rebellion and turmoil of youth toretain its quality. If it could be personalized the great university would be a subjectfor the psychiatrist's couch and yet itwould lose all its greatness if it were tortured into adjustment through analysis."Stanford University, only six years olderthan Chicago, is the Chancellor's almamater where he returned later to serve asdean of students.The Chancellor's trip to Californiaturned out to be a busy one for him andAssistant to the Chancellor, James Sheldon,who accompanied Mr. Kimpton. In LosAngeles they had lunch with our clubofficers and alumni leaders. In the eveningthere was an all-Chicago meeting at whichthe Chancellor spoke and answered questions.In San Francisco there was anotherlunch with alumni leaders; a cocktail hourwith the club officers; and an eveningalumni meeting.With the two men were their wives,Marcia Kimpton and Isabelle Sheldon.Sandwiched in the crowded week was aday at Santa Barbara where the foursomewere guests at the Biltmore Hotel, ownedby an old friend of the Chancellor, Mr.Odell.At the weekend the couples parted sothat James and Isabelle could fly to Seattleand Tacoma where they were the guestsof our local clubs. From there they flew toPhoenix and Tucson to complete therounds of club and alumni meetings.Radiation recoveryAnother California visitor in Januarywas Dr. Leon O. Jacobson, Director ofArgonne Cancer Research Hospital. Hewas the invited guest of alumnus BenjaminDraper, head of the television departmentof the California Academy of Sciences,San Francisco.For well over eight years Science inAction, produced from the first by BenDraper, has been one of Northern California's top-rated, sponsored (AmericanTrust) TV programs.For over a year Ben (a member of ourBay Area alumni board) has known thathe wanted Dr. Jacobson on one of thesehalf-hour programs. Finally, this was it and a letter from Ben carried excitedenthusiasm:"The two days he spent with us werepure delight as well as profit. His show isone of the best we've ever done."The two days: Thursday, from earlymorning until ten-after-midnight was spentin the studio taping the show and meetingthe press. They really do a professional,carefully planned, and sufficiently rehearsed show.Friday our San Francisco board hadarranged a luncheon for our medical graduates (some 45 attended). Dr. Jacobsontalked about "Recovery from Radiation"and stayed on by the hour to answer questions.Friday night he spoke on "The Recoveryfrom Radiation Injury" before 300 BayArea selected high school biology studentswith their teachers — guests of the Academy. Dr. Jacobson stayed on his feet foranother hour and a half answering "veryintelligent" questions from the students.Said Ben, with enthusiastic alumni loyalty: "This is the most effective way I haveever seen for recruiting students. Theseboys and girls who want careers in medicine were talked to as equals by a manwho shared their enthusiasm and whowanted to help them. [Even more effectivebecause] he is the typical professor withwhom they would work if they attendChicago."Actually, neither of the two days wasfor recruitment purposes. They were continuing the public education in science forwhich the Academy is noted. For Chicagoit was an opportunity to contribute to important areas of this knowledge from animportant university in the Midwest.Back east — Chicago UniversityBefore reading this — turn to the insideback cover of your February magazine, theNew England Mutual Life Insurance Company ad. A bottom line reads: "TheseChicago University men are New EnglandLife representatives: . . ."Circling "Chicago University" and returning the page, Donald E. Nordstrom,MBA '58, wrote:Has the name of our great Universitybeen changed back east? Perhaps youshould have listed the ad as the EnglandMutual New Life Insurance Company."March, 1959 1Donald is a personnel representativ.e atArgonne National Laboratory.An unassuming gentlemanA Memo Pad medallion to this year'sChicago Maroon under the editorship ofRochelle M. Dubnow. It has been a strongplus in reporting campus news, studentaffairs, and faculty activities.One of its regular features has been aseries of faculty "profiles" by John Mills,neither gooey nor vitriolic, but simply making the faculty better known in the University family.. John's January 30th profile was headed:"Old Maroon editors don't die — they jointhe faculty." He referred to William H.McNeill, '38, AM '39, as a "quiet, unassuming gentleman." The story followed William H. McNeillMcNeill from Canada to the campus,through the War (Army major), a PhDfrom Cornell and back to Alma Mater'shistory department. Mills reports that McNeill is currently working on a history"which he titles The Rise of the West.' ""Quiet, unassuming," William McNeill,a Phi Beta Kappa, probably surprised nocollegemate by becoming an effective professor and recorder of history. But hesurprised a lot of people in 1937 when hebecame editor of the Maroon and finallythe Man of the Year in the 1938 Cap &Gown supplement, Echo.Echo reported campus surprise whenMcNeill was elected editor: "General concensus . . . was that the prosaic, wordypaper . . . would become more prosaic,more wordy, definitely less interesting . . ."Editor McNeill soon allayed this concernDr. Jacobson (left) fascinates program host Earle S. Herald and camera 4 with a demonstration. MAROON. ARGAA1ANwith the announcement of his five editorialplanks of which the second was the abolition of intercollegiate athletics (we droppedfootball in 1939, withdrew from the BigTen a little later). The fourth was therevision of the college plan (which McNeillhad a part in when he joined the facultyin 1947); and the fifth, a chastened president: ". . the institution he heads is nothis to sacrifice for his personal ideas . . ."As the Maroon year got hotter and thecampus cluttered with controversy, anotherline was added to the Maroon masthead:"All opinions in the Daily Maroon ... arenot necessarily the views of the Universityadministration or a majority of the students."Quiet, unassuming editor McNeill summarized his year for the 1938 Cap & Gownwith this understatement: "In summary,then, the Maroon has carried on, offeringthe campus a slightly worse news service,a slightly more provocative if less convincing editorial program than in the preceding years ..."I was director of the Reynolds Club in1938. Somehow I was reminded of myearly life in Oregon with my little spottedfox terrier, Jip, and the day the familywas driving a covered wagon through thestreets of Tillamook. Jip and I sat in thedriver's seat with granddad.Down the sidewalk lumbered a greatDane, contented with life and minding hisown business. Suddenly Jip left the seat ina bound, scooted down the walk, took aquick nip at the rear of the Dane and wasback in his wagon seat looking straightahead by the time the old boy could turnaround to wonder what happened.But back to John Mills and his profileof McNeill. John said, and I agree, "William H. McNeill is a good example of whatshould happen to an ex-editor." And thatsa compliment. Maybe the world is in lessturmoil with professor McNeill recordinghistory instead of editor McNeill making'*'H. W. U-2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUNIVERSITYMARCH, 1959Volume 51 Number 6THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisMidway 3-0800, Extension 3244EDITOR, Marjorie BurkhardtPublished monthly, October through June, by the University ofChicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37,Illinois. Annual subscription price, $5.00. Single copies, 25 cents.Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Officeat Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertisingagent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22Washington Square, New York, N. Y. IN THIS ISSUEFeatures4 ImpetusJoseph J. Schwab & T. V. Smith7 Art to Live With: the Shapiro Collection1 1 A Meet in RussiaEdward M. "Ted" Haydon22 Defining the Sixth SenseStephen I. Abrams25 Fund Organization ExtendedDepartments1 Memo Pad15 News of the Quadrangles20 Books by Faculty and Alumni26 Class News32 MemorialsCoverA portion of the Joseph Randall Shapiro art collection asit was exhibited in the Ida Noyes lobby. Details: page 7.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPRESIDENT, Arthur R. CahillEXECUTIVE DIRECTOR-EDITORHoward W. MortADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTRuth G. HalloranPROGRAMMINGElizabeth Shaw BobrinskoyALUMNI FOUNDATIONFlorence Medow Regional OfficesEASTERNRoom 22, 31 E. 39th Street, New York 17, New YorkDIRECTOR, Clarence A. Peters MUrray Hill 3-1518WESTERNRoom 322, 717 Market Street, San Francisco 3, Cal.DIRECTOR, Mary Leeman EXbrook 2-0915LOS ANGELES BRANCH Mrs. Marie Stephens1 1 95 Charles Street, Pasadena 3After 3 P.M. — SYcamore 3-4545MARCH, 1959 3Are you skeptical of business glories? Are you suspicious ofgreat enrichment? Are you contemptuous of social climbingand keeping up with the Joneses, and wealthyostentation? Then you are probably a disciple ofThorstein Veblen, whether you ever knew it or not.IMPETUS a weekly radioprogram about books that have shaped our time; the books discussed in thisseries are not necessarily great or even good, but all of them havebeen influential books, and for better or for worse, they've moved mento action and given shape to the Twentieth Century. Moderator:Joseph J. Schwab, William Rainey Harper Professor at the University.Guest: T. V. Smith. Producer: Len Schlosser, WBBM Public Affairs Department.Schwab: Thorstein Veblen was the improvident, imprudent, rebellious, and well-educated son of a Norwegian carpenter. He published one of the first life-sizestudies of modern society, the model for Riesman's Lonely Crowd andWhyte's The Organization Man. His first principle in the book called TheTheory of the Leisure Class was that all upper classes were corruptedseekers after status; his second principle was that everybody else apes theruling class, hence his conclusion was that insatiable competition is thesecret of economics. Personally, I think Veblen's stuff is almost as dead asthe Dodo bird, but across from me sits T. V. Smith, a philosopher once atthe University of Chicago, a man who has been state senator and UnitedStates Congressman, and even a professor of poetry at Syracuse University.I wonder what he thinks.Smith: I don't think I agree with you in your final assessment, but I'd like to lingerwith you along the way . . . When I was an undergraduate at the Universityof Texas, Thorstein Veblen was at his height; he was the inspired Bible ofall the young liberals.Schwab: (Excuse me, T.V., but I'm shocked to hear that you're a Texan; I don't knowwhere I stand now, relative to you, but go ahead.)Smith: (You've hardly begun to live, when you put it that way.) I read The Theoryof the Leisure Class, and I frankly and simply, for all efforts, didn't understand it. Then one day I had to make a report, on an hour's notice, ofanother of his books that I had never read, and reading it in an hour, Iunderstood it better than the other I had spent weeks on. I think there's anexplanation for this that bears on our discussion of the book. Veblen was4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEan artist as well as a theoretician, so to say, and I think that as a stylist he'shad great influence . . as a work of art, not as a work of social science.Schwab: I'm sure you don't mean that he's had an influence as an artist; I supposeyou mean that he's had his influence on social scientists and economistsbecause he was such an able rhetorician.Smith: I mean more than that; I think that anybody who can get people to look athis vision of a reconstructed society is an artist, and Veblen is a superbartist, and as an artist, he is very rewarding to be read sentence by sentenceand word by word. But if you do see him that way, you'll wonder what it'sall about. If you read it very rapidly, you see what the thesis is, and this ishis way of developing it, paragraph by paragraph.Schwab : I wouldn't agree with him; you make him sound like one of Plato's bad poets— a man who doesn't have the truth, but says the untruth so well that it'sbelieved in another explanation ... I find the secret of him in this imprudence and rebelliousness; I think he was a man who failed to make thegrade. I know this sounds like red-blooded Americanism, but I'm notashamed of it, and the reason I think he failed is simply because of hisimprudence and rebelliousness, and con$eauently wrote a book in order tocondemn the people he didn't become like. fSmith: This doesn't mean, however, that he wasn't very sincere in his vision of thereconstructed society, and it doesn't mean that he wasn't very talented andvery astute in super-inducing a respect for that vision. Let me show you whatI mean, Joe. In making use of the term "Invidious" (which he often uses),it may perhaps be unnecessary to remark that there is no intention to extollor depreciate, to commend or deplore any of the phenomena which the wordis used to describe. The word "invidious" is used in the technical sense asdescribing a comparison of persons with a view to rating and grading themin respect of relative worth and all the time this is exactly what he is doing —making invidious comparisons — but he doesn't mean invidiousness by theinvidious.Schwab: You know that term "rating and grading" is one that I picked up in yourhome state, where the university campuses are talked about as "rating, dating" campuses. If this sort of things is the effect of Veblen's work, I'm againstit even more; but I know you don't think so. Seriously, what do you thinkhas been the influence, regardless of why and how?Smith: I think his influence is in that of an artist. He finds disaffection; he findsvague, unfulfilled hopes in the young people, and he draws such a beautifulpicture with satire and irony of all the rest of our society that might be, butwhich is not, that he's become a litterateur, rather than a social scientist.He's tremendously influential.Schwab: But where do you find the consequences of this influence, granted in somesense he inspires some few young who read him? What do they then go anddo that can be credited to Veblen?Smith: In terms of economics and social science, I'd say his influence is on men likeHoward Scott in Technocracy, which doesn't count for very much. The factthat the man wrote a number of books that are hard to read, that these booksare coming back (you've got one edition here of The Theory of the LeisureClass, and I've got this fifty cent edition) shows that he is still very widelyread. Everybody takes a position that this is tremendous influence anp! it'sdue to his style.Schwab: It's certainly true that he's being read; of course there's a nice irony in thefact that contrary to his version of the notion of conspicuous waste," we canbuy the book for half a buck. I'll grant you this, that people are readinghim, and reading him, perhaps are inspired to something or other, thoughnot to what he hoped they would be inspired to. Let's talk a little about thethings that he himself saw and what he hoped to do about them.Smith: A friend sent me a copy of a speech of mine last year, which, when published, came out under the title of "The Leisure of the Theoried Class."Schwab: Not bad, especially since Veblen has a last and nasty chapter about professors.Smith: It's so good, I wish I'd thought it up myself. I want to ask you now in turn,and I think this will get us into the heart of it, what is THE Theory of theLeisure Class?Schwab: You're asking me for that dirty kind of nutshell that I'm afraid to get into,but I'll try anyway.Smith: Take it piece by piece in the kernel, won't you?Schwab: His theory is, number one, everybody wants to look bigger than he is toeverybody else. The easiest way to look bigger in our world is to make alot of money, and then prove that you've got a lot of money by wasting it asthoroughly as you can. You waste it by buying a car that's bigger than youcan use, by having a lot of servants who don't have enough work to do, byMARCH, 1959 5decking your wives with jewelry and sending them to Miami four times ayear instead of once, and then you walk around as if you had nothing to dothat you had to do, but could choose to do only what you wanted to do.Smith: Is this what I found so hard in the Army: getting used to not carryingbundles, not getting ahead of a general, since I was only a colonel, but alwaysgoing ahead of a major and a captain? Was I indulging in this kind ofostentation?Schwab: Half of it was, insofar as you didn't carry bundles, but made your wife or asergeant or a buck private do it, you were following out the Veblen picture.Insofar as you didn't try to undercut your general, and get to be one yourself,I think you were being anti- Veblen.Smith: Well, the military, I mean to say, is theory class. Are we professors membersof the theory class?Schwab: We're members of the theory and the leisure class. We are, as a matter offact, nothing but valets of a high sort. We're servants of the leisure class, anduniversities are their instruments.Smith: He was a professor — even at the University of Chicago.Schwab: He was a fired professor.Smith: His leisure was involuntary, and he didn't flout it.Schwab: Right, this is what I mean by imprudence, but seriously, is it your view thatthe modern dominant class in this country, whom I suppose to be the industrialists, are men who are working for and busily doing this sort of conspicuous waste?Smith: I think it's fantastic myself — fantastically wrong — but I think that anotherthing is that the very things that he disprizes and dispraises are to me greatgoods. They aren't evils, things like earning a living, getting money enoughto buy a bigger car. These are goods in the world, not evils, and he somehowtreats them invidiously as though always the ideal of society would be asociety in which there wasn't any competition.Schwab: Well, I would certainly agree with you on one of these. I'm sure that neitheryou nor I, nor any serious man ever thought that competition could be doneaway with, as long as men are men, but aren't there kinds of competition,and competitions for better and worse things? Isn't Veblen really talkingagainst what may have been true once — a competition for very bad things —merely for status?Smith: As a Smith, I'm really opposed to keeping up with the Joneses, but I'm notopposed to by-passing the Joneses. What he described as an evil, always wasa form of the good, it seems to me, from invidious expenditure. I don't mindpeople showing where they stand by the way they dress. I hate to see awealthy man going along like a tramp.Schwab: I hate to see any man going along like a tramp; but I also am not sure thatI love to see a wealthy man going along in fourteen more automobiles thanhe needs, and isn't that what Veblen's talking about?Smith: I think Veblen would have never understood the joke of the bum who wasdrunk and lying in the gutter; upon seeing a wealthy man come out, well-dressed, get into a car and drive off, remark: "There but for me go I."Schwab: This is true, if you're saying that Veblen is inveighing against nothing morenor less than something inherent in human nature, not merely an evolutionfrom an accident.Smith: . . . and either in its sublimated form, or in its direct form, the very formof which the good life is made.Schwab: Let's take a final look at that good life: Where would you place craftmanshipin the good life, which is the sort of thing that Veblen opposes to what hesays are the behaviors and tendencies of the leisure class?Smith: I would place it quite as high as he does, but I wouldn't rob it of the fruitsof its toils, because you can both be skilled and have a good living at thesame time for the very reason that you are skilled.Schwab: There I would entirely agree with you. There's no reason in the world whyyou can't enjoy yourself while doing something, and making something, too.And yet, through and through the ages, I think Veblen is merely a long strainof a sort of left-handed Puritan who thinks that you can't do both. What isyour reaction to that?Smith: I agree with that, he was a stylist; he didn't take the responsibility for radicalrevision of human society. If he had, he'd probably have been a Marxist, orin favor of the states interfering, and so forth. But he thought that automatically, the engineers or the craftsmen would somehow come and governsociety without any of the bad consequences that our democratic government had.Schwab: So I suppose our moral has got to be that he had influence insofar as he toldpeople that there were wrongs to be righted.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEx\.rt to I (1VP Wf lth is a collection of 140 art works on loan, not to the University for exhibition, but to undergraduates of the University to hang in their ownThis unique program is the product of conversations between artist-dean ofrooms.students Harold Haydon and alumnus-art collector Joseph Randall Shapiro. At the endof each quarter, the paintings are returned to Ida Noyes and a drawing is held in whichstudents have a new opportunity to obtain their favorites. MC of this winter's drawingwas director of student activities, James E. Newman.PHOTOS BY RUS ARNOLDMARCH, 1959These works in all media are by contemporary artists, manyof them Chicagoans, and represent some of Mr. Shapiro'searliest acquisitions. In choosing these for the group,he hoped they would best mirror the students' taste. Toppainting is by Franz Schulz; the others by Eleanor Coen.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOStudents showed strongly individual tastes in theirpreferences, and there is such a wide range of artistsrepresented in the collection that up until the veryend of the drawing, students were still often receivingtheir first preference. The artists include Robert LeeSkaggs, center, and Ellen Lanyon, lower right corner.March, 1959In addition to the Art to Live With group, Mr. Shapiro now has on exhibit about fortylarge oils in the Ida Noyes "Hangout" and library. He also has an exhibit of graphicsat Lexington Hall, which includes works by Chagall, Matisse, Roualt, Picasso, Maillol,Braque, Goya, and Miro. He is chairman of the Visual Arts committee for the Pan American Festival in Chicago this fall, and is organizing the Art Institute's Pan Americanexhibition. Mr. Shapiro is also a director of the Renaissance Society on campus.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETED HAYDON REPORTSA Meet in RussiaIhere was tension aboardour twin-engined Finair Plane as we approached Moscow on the night of July21, 1958. In New York, on the previousday, newspapers had headlined a demonstration of 100,000 Russians in frontof the U. S. Embassy in Moscow. Relatives had expressed concern for oursafety and we had wondered if our expedition would be cancelled at the lastminute by the State Department.We wondered what kind of receptionto expect at the Moscow airport. Wouldit be friendly? Or would we step out ofthe plane into an international incidentof hostility on the part of our Russianhosts. A Finnish airport official at Helsinki had assured us that we would begreeted by a planned reception whichwould be friendly, but there was still afeeling of doubt and uncertainty.My own feeling was that whateverhappened I was in good company. Ourplane and two others following closelybehind contained the U.S. track teamwhich was to meet the best in theU.S.S.R. in a dual meet on July 27-28.There were 41 men athletes, 18 womenathletes, 7 coaches and managers, a doctor, a nurse, a trainer, and six other officials.The athletes had been selected at theNational AAU Championships at Bak-ersfield, California in June. Three of theteam, sprinter Ira Murchison, steeplechaser Phil Coleman, and middle-distance runner Hal Caffey, were membersof the University of Chicago TrackClub, an organization which providesopportunity for our students, alumni,and out-of-school athletes in our districtlo participate in AAU competition.I had been selected by the Track andField Committee of the AAU of theUnited States as one of the coaches andmanagers, along with Head CoachGeorge Eastment, track coach at Manhattan College; Payton Jordan, trackcoach at Stanford University; LarrySnyder, track coach at Ohio State University; and Ralph Colson, coach of theBoston A. A.Our plane contained some of theEDWARD M. ("TED") HAYDON, '33, AM '54, ISTRACK COACH FOR BOTH THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO TEAM AND THE UC TRACK CLUB.HE'S PICTURED ABOVE WITH SPRINTER IRAMURCHISON JUST BEFORE THE TRIP. world's outstanding track and field athletes: Rink Babka, discus thrower; GlenDavis, Olympic Champion and worldrecord holder in the 400 meter hurdles;Charles Dumas, Olympic Champion andseven foot high jumper; Rafer Johnson,world record holder in the decathlon;Ira Murchison, co-holder of the world's100 meter dash record; Parry O'Brien,Olympic Champion and world recordholder in the shot put; Ernie Shelby, 26foot broadjumper; Eddie Southern, AAU440-yard Champion; Tom Courtney,Olympic 800 meter champion.Our arrival in Moscow was going tobe about four hours later than planned,due to an unscheduled gas stop at Oslo,Norway. We were going to get into Moscow airport well after midnight.When we arrived at 2 A.M. therewere three or four hundred persons waiting behind a restraining fence. Theygave a cheer and applauded in unisonas we got off the plane. As each of uspassed through the gate toward the airport building we were presented with abouquet of flowers, not of the storevariety, but the type that had obviouslycome from someone's garden. A different member of the welcoming grouppresented each member of our groupwith a bouquet. It was an intimate, personal type of friendly greeting whicheffectively bridged the language barrier.The welcoming group was not composed of politicians or officials, butseemed to be mainly made up of youngmembers of the Soviet sports organizations. Some of the USSR and USA athletes were acquainted with each other,having met at the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne. Vladimer Kuts, the greatRussian distance runner, invited two ofour distance men to ride to the Hotelwith him in his car.We were passed through airport customs procedures without any examination of baggage whatsoever. They dispensed with the checking of passports,in view of the lateness of the hour, andwe were quickly ushered into three waiting buses and driven to the hotel.We were housed in one of Moscow'sbest hotels — the Hotel Leningrad. Although this hotel was built only threeor four years ago, it is furnished in theold Russian style. At first glance it looksso antique that you have the impressionthat it must be at least 50 years old.Only when you begin to examine thedetails do you realize that everything isnewly constructed and furnished. Whenwe finally got to our rooms about4 A.M., we found them quite comfortable, with twelve-foot ceilings, hugebrass chandelier lighting fixtures, bathroom with large tub, good beds, desk,table lamp, and telephone. Later wewere told that tourists would pay up to$30 per day for these accommodationsand meals through Intourist, the Russian tourist agency. Rooms and corridorfloors were covered with oriental rugs,which seemed to be everywhere.THE PERSON WHO WAS chargedwith the difficult task of meeting theneeds of our rather large group was ayoung man in his early 30's, Roman Ki-selev. There was a rumor that he was actually a member of the Secret Police,MARCH, 1959 11assigned to sports. Whether this rumorwas true or not, he was an expert in hisassignment. He had performed a similarfunction in relation to other visiting foreign athletic teams and had accompanied the USSR hockey team on a tripto Canada a year or so ago and againthis year.R. Kiselev had a staff of three menand two women, in their 20's and 30's,students at the Russian Institute of Foreign Languages, who served as guidesand interpreters. They were with usconstantly, always willing to be of assistance.I had the feeling that the close attention our guides and Roman Kiselev offered us was intended not to restrainus from seeing Russia, but to make certain that our stay was a happy one,unmarred by any accident or incidentwhich might be ballooned into international importance. They were probablywell aware of the fact that if one of ourstar athletes had fallen down stairs andincapacitated himself, someone, somewhere in the world would have beensure to imply that he had been pushed.Our daily practice sessions were at theLenin Stadium. We were very muchimpressed with the calibre of the sportsfacilities. The stadium, with seating capacity of approximately 90,000, wasequipped with an excellent runningtrack, a fine soccer field, lights for nightevents, and an excellent public addresssystem. Everything was first class. In theequipment room hundreds of javelinswere hanging in neat rows, by clips asthey should be hung. This was in sharpcontrast to the manner in which equipment is usually handled in Americancolleges where we might find three orfour javelins leaning in a dusty corner.The dressing room was spacious, withwicker chairs to recline in, showerrooms with huge tubs to bathe in, andoriental rugs on the floor. The roomswere so large and comfortable that oneday Parry O'Brien quipped "What doyou say fellows? Why don't we just livehere? We could eat old adhesive tape."DID WE ONLY SEE WHAT theRussians wanted us to see? We weregiven opportunity to suggest some of thethings we would like to see, but it mustbe remembered that we were primarilyan athletic team, specially selected andcharged with the responsibility of making the best possible showing against thestrong USSR track team. The daysbefore the competition were used forpracticing and our sight-seeing had tobe confined to the hours consistent witha program of adequate rest and relaxation conducive to top-grade athletic performances.The second night in Moscow, we had the opportunity to go to Gorki Park andsee a visiting Hungarian circus. Seatedin front of us was a delegation of Iowafarmers who, at their own expense, wereon a mission of goodwill, repaying avisit that Russian agriculturalists hadmade to Iowa a year or two ago. Thecircus was very funny and the Russiansin the audience showed their approvalby applauding in rhythmic unison, aRussian custom.On the next day we toured the RedSquare area, saw the buildings of theKremlin and the huge Government department store GUM (pronouncedGoom). We saw many other groups oftourists, most of them from other partsof the Soviet Union, who were sightseeing as we were. We saw some of theold Cathedrals in the Red Square vicinity which are being restored as museums.In one of these Cathedrals we encountered a group of sociology students fromWhittier College in California who wereon an extensive tour of Eastern European countries under the leadership oftheir professor.I went to the stadium one day by subway. The subway is a source of prideto the Russians. Stations are made ofmarble and lighting fixtures are ornatelydesigned in brass giving the stations theappearance of the lobby of a high-classhotel. Escalators carry the passengersup and down to the loading platformsand some of these are very long andsteeply graded. The escalator at theLenin Stadium exit was at least 400 feetlong and sloped upward at about a 45degree angle. However, the doors of theRussian subways seemed just as narrowas those in the subways of New York orChicago and there is the same mad rushas the commuters struggle on and off thetrains.We went shopping at the GUM Department Store. Athletes and coacheswere receiving 20 rubles a day (equivalent to two dollars at the tourist rate ofexchange) for pocket money and thiswas largely spent on souvenirs and giftsto take home. Favorite items were Russian hats and a triangular guitar-like instrument called a balalaika. When weneeded additional passport-size picturesfor our visas to Hungary we arrangedto have them taken in a photo shop atthe GUM. Sure enough the proprietorturned out to be a fellow from Brooklynwho was more than pleased to meet themembers of the American team.Some of us took a side excursionunder R. Kiselev to also see the tomb ofStalin and Lenin.We were invited to a reception at thehome of the American Ambassador,Llewellyn Thompson. By mistake, ourbus driver took us to the American Em bassy which had been the scene of theRussian demonstration a week earlier.The building was defaced with ink stainsand broken windows. The Reverend BobRichards, Olympic Pole Vault Champion, now employed by the WheatiesSport Foundation of General Mills, waswith our party unofficially and hejumped out of the bus with his movieequipment, intending to get some shotsof the damaged building. Two Russianpolicemen guarding the entrance movedtoward him to stop his movie-taking.Just at this moment, R. Kiselev arrived by auto, gave the policemen thehigh sign to withdraw, and explainedthat the reception was not at the Embassy, but at the Ambassador's home.I said to R. Kiselev, "You came just intime," and he replied "Yes, just in timeto avoid a catastrophy." He knew thatit could have become an internationalincident if the police had arrested BobRichards.The reception at the Embassy was interesting as our team was entertained atthe same time as the Ambassador entertained a group of American architectswho were attending a world architectural conference being held in Moscow.I met Mr. and Mrs. John Fugard, well-known Chicagoans, as well as an oldfriend, Mrs. R. Neil Cownam, betterknown as columnist June Provines toChicago newspaper readers. The worlddid not seem a very big place after all.A highlight among the sights we sawwas the State puppet theater. John Gunther, in his book Inside Russia Todaysays that if he had just one night tospend in Moscow he would spend it atthis theater. I also saw my first cinerama show in Moscow.Everywhere we went in Moscow wewere surrounded by curious and friendlycrowds. American Negroes were an unusual sight to the Russians and they weretremendously interested in the Negromembers of the team. One day, I cameout of the Leningrad Hotel and foundErline Brown standing back-to-the-wallsurrounded by about fifty Russians, allstaring at her and talking to her andamong themselves. When Erline saw meshe flashed a big smile and called over"Hi Ya Ted? I'm making lots offriends!"WHEN SUNDAY CAME, the Catholic members of our party had an earlymorning mass in a room at the Leningrad Hotel. The mass was performedby a French priest who was part of atouring group. Bud Held, the javelinchampion, conducted a non-sectarianprotestant service in a room off the lobbyof the hotel. Three of our young Russian interpreters asked permission toattend. They appeared to be very much12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEinterested in the service and listened inrespectful silence.The track meet was conducted on theevenings of July 27-28. It was flawlessly conducted and the performancesin general were excellent. The USAmen's team outscored the Russian men126 to 109, while the Russian womenoutscored the USA women 63 to 44. Bycombining these totals on the electricscoreboard the USSR total became 172to 170 for the USA.The matter of scoring was the onlysource of disagreement in connectionwith the meet. American coaches andofficials thought the men's and women'sevents were to be scored as two separatemeets. The Russians combined the totalsfrom the beginning of the meet and insisted that this was the way they alwaysscored track meets. In fairness to theRussians it should be said that there isa cultural difference in the way theyconduct the men's and women's eventsas one meet. When our coaches saidthat the return meet in Philadelphia in1959 would definitely be scored as twomeets, with the women's events separated from the men's totals, the USSRcoaches laughed and said, "Let us hopeby then that this discrimination againstwomen will have ended."As it turned out, our women did muchbetter than expected in the competitionand the fact that they felt they were apart of the total combined scoring wasan added incentive to them.The crowds at the track meet werenot as large as the crowd at a soccergame we had witnessed the day before.We were surprised at this because wehad heard reports that the stadium wassold out for 100,000 each night formonths in advance. It was obvious thatthe Russians had not attempted to packthe stadium through regimentation. Partof the meet was televised nationally, andapparently the people who attended themeet came voluntarily because of theirinterest in the sport.Many of our athletes remarked thatthe Russian audience was as impartialin cheering good performances andwhistling (the Russian equivalent ofbooing) bad performances as any theyhad performed for. When Rafer Johnson set a new world record in defeatingthe Russian decathlon idol who hadonly a few weeks earlier beaten Rafer'sold world record, the crowd gave him atremendous ovation. Fans cornered himas he left the stadium and were so enthusiastic that they literally threw himUP in the air. And they were such goodsports that they caught him when hecame down.ON THE DAY FOLLOWING the meetwe had a meeting with the USSRMARCH, 1959 coaches. They told us that there areabout 3,000,000 persons participating intrack and field in the Soviet Union. Eachuniversity, trade union, factory, farm,and military branch has its own sportsclub. Each of the sixteen Soviet republics has a council of coaches. There weremore than 500 coaches in the USSRCouncil of Coaches in 1957.We also had a meeting with a Mr.Romanoff, Minister of Sports for theUSSR. He was impressive in appearance, manner and dress and wasobviously capable and well organized.He explained their program of sportsthroughout the Soviet Union which culminates in a gigantic "Sparteka" inMoscow bringing together 10,000 competitors in a festival of sports.The AAU had taken along a film,made with State Department help, showing the home town life of some of theathletes on the USA team. It was hopedthat this film might be presented on television and that the Russian people mighthave this glimpse of the American wayof life. A preview for the members ofthe USA team was to be held at LeninStadium. After long delay, it was announced that there would be no showingof the film because of a projector failure.The delay was of such duration that theRussian officials may well have viewedenough of the film to judge its propaganda objective and decided againstshowing it. The film was presented tothe USSR officials as a gift, but as faras we know was never publicly shown.On our final night in Moscow we wereentertained at a reception at the Agricultural Exposition Grounds. Refreshments were served and every member ofthe party was presented with a souvenirgift to take home. In addition to these gifts, many of the athletes received personal gifts from the Russian athleteswho had been their opponents in thetrack meet.SOME OF THE MOST interestinghours I spent in Moscow were late in theevening talking with R. Kiselev. Afterthe busy day it was pleasant to relaxover a glass of tea or a tumbler of vodkaand discuss the events of the day.Roman explained that we must bevery patient with our hosts because "weare not very experienced at all this business of enteraining tourists." He pointedout that the number of tourists in Moscow was far greater than in previousyears and that tourist, passport, visa,and hotel procedures were not reallygeared to handle the rush of business.When we were concerned about the longdelay in getting our passports returnedto us he explained that the governmentalmachinery was bogged down by theunusual demands of the heavy touristinvasion.Though our hosts were attempting toduplicate American menus, he asked ourpatience in relation to the food theywere able to serve us. In so far as possible, they would give us whatever weasked for, but that sometimes the itemswe requested were just not available.Beef was scarce, so veal was the usualmeat served. Ice cream was delicious.In general the food was very satisfactoryand sufficient.When I asked Roman about the raidon the American Embassy he said, "Itwas a very regrettable affair. We hatedto do it, but you must realize that wewere not the first to do such a thing.Parry O'Brien (left) and Rafer Johnson compare fingering the balalaika with Rafer's guitar.Our embassies have been desecrated invarious parts of the world — even in yourNew York City, We have women andchildren living in those embassies andwe were concerned for their safety. Although we hated to do it, it had to bedone to show that we would not bepassive while our own embassies werebeing attacked."Apparently the demonstration was arranged carefully. Workers were given aholiday from work. The suggestion tohold the demonstration on Sunday wasvetoed because that was a holiday anyway and they wanted an extra holiday.Families came carrying picnic lunchesand it was a festive occasion. The embassy was warned by telephone so thatnone of the American employees or officials would be near the windows wherethey might be hurt by flying glass orobjects. The whole affair was a stagedpropaganda device. Somehow I felt better about this than I would have felt ifit had turned out that the demonstrationwas a spontaneous expression of hostilitytoward the United States.One night Roman asked me "Whatdo you think of Moscow?" I replied"I am from Chicago, which is also abig city, and frankly I find the similarities between Chicago and Moscow to begreater than the differences." Romansaid, "You are the first American tocome to Moscow looking for similarities." He went on to say that usuallythe tourist is looking for the old Russianwith the long beard, the old buildings,the ancient cathedrals, and fails to payproper heed to the modern improvements and progressive advances beingmade in Russia.We talked about war and peace.Roman said that his older brother hadbeen killed in World War II during theGerman invasion. "Even today, ten yearslater, my mother places clean sheets andpillow case on my brother's bed eachweek just as she did when he was living.This is a terrible thing to see. I have athree month old son, Michael, and Idon't want him to be in any war. Weknow what war is. You Americans haveonly played at war. It is one thing toread in the papers that so many menhave been killed in action overseas, andquite another thing to have the war inyour own streets and to see your peopledying. We do not want war, but wehave had it before and if it comes againwe will go through it as we have donein the past."Roman indicated that it was commonly believed in Russia that the UnitedStates is flying planes loaded with atombombs over Russia from the Arctic.From what he said I gathered the impression that as many Russians are convinced that the United States is a threatto the peace of the world as there are Americans convinced that the USSR isa threat to world peace.Roman said that a very disturbingexperience for the Russians was the factthat they did their best to offer everyhospitality to visitors, were repeatedlyassured by these visitors that everythingwas satisfactory, and would then read inthe papers or magazines that the visitorshad returned to the United States andmade public criticisms of the treatmentthey had received in the Soviet Union.I HAD THE FEELING FROM talking with Roman and others that the Russians want peace. Although they havemade spectacular progress in the fortyyears since the Czar, they have a tremendous number of unresolved domestic economic, social and political problems to be worked out. The people weregenuinely friendly toward us in a mannerwhich could not possibly have beenfaked. Co-existence in a peaceful worldwith such people seemed hopefully possible, even probable.Our itinerary called for a dual meetwith Poland on August 1-2, and participation in meets in Budapest, Hungaryand Athens, Greece. We flew to Warsawon July 31st. During the four days inPoland we saw the marvelous efforts ofthe Poles to rebuild their war-torn city.The Polish people were genuinelyhappy to welcome the American team.One-hundred-four thousand spectatorsjammed the People's Stadium each night.Our men outpointed the strong Polishmen's team 115-97 and the Polish women's team outscored our women 54-52.In Poland we were entertained atlunch by American Ambassador JakeBeam. His little boy met us at the Embassy gate dressed in a typical Americancowboy outfit with two-gun holster, inquiring, "Did you come in a Polishtaxi?" On Sunday, August 3rd, we wentabout 20 miles outside Warsaw to thevillage of Zelazowa Wola, where wevisited the birthplace of Frederic Chopinand listened to a piano concert of hismusic.On August 4th we flew to Budapest.In Hungary we caught a glimpse ofthe misery inflicted when a people aresubjugated by an outside power. TheHungarians were divided against eachother. Some had chosen to adapt to theCommunist regime, just as there hadbeen those who had adapted to the regime of the Nazis earlier. Others wereirreconcilably against the Communistregime with little hope for the future ina hostile environment.Even in our brief four-day visit, thetensions were clearly apparent. Hungarians with relatives in America areafraid to writes and those who would like to escape from the present regimeare held captive by rigid visa and passport regulations. Only in Hungary werewe subjected to any inspection of ourbaggage by custom officials.I could not help but feel that all parties in the cold war must share the responsibility for the situation in the satellite iron-curtain countries. While theRussians exercise an unwelcome domination over these countries, they seemto do so mainly because of their beliefthat world tensions make it necessaryfor them to maintain these areas as abuffer zone protecting their own borders.In concluding our trip we spent fourdays in Athens. The meet was held inthe stadium built on the original site ofthe ancient Olympic games. Althoughit had been an arduous trip our athletesset thirteen new stadium records in thetwo day competition. After an officialdinner at the Royal Yacht Club, we flewout of Athens at 4 a.m. on August 12th,arriving in New York in 26 hours afterstops at London, Shannon, and GooseBay, Labrador.The United States can well be proudof the performances turned in by theAmerican team on this 1958 tour. Inthe eight nights of competition, the USAwon 56 out of the' 79 events contestedby the men's teams and 28 out of the 41contested by the women's teams. Five-hundred-fifty thousand spectators witnessed the meets.PARTICULARLY PLEASING werethe performances of our University ofChicago Track Club members. Ira Mur-chison won the 100 meter dash in allfour meets and led off the 400 meter relay team which was also undefeated onthe tour. Phil Coleman, in the 3000meter steeplechase, was second againstthe USSR, third against Poland, first inHungary, and second in Athens. He ranthe four best races of his life and inPoland he established a new Americanrecord of 8:40.8, breaking the old record of 8:45.4 set by Horace Ashenfel-ter in winning the steeplechase in the1952 Olympic Games at Helsinki. Harold Caffey was third in the 400 metersin Poland and ran on winning 1600meter relay teams in Poland and Greece.I would like to pay special tribute toDaniel J. Ferris, Honorary Secretary ofthe Amateur Athletic Union of theUnited States, and the AAU organization for having the initiative and pioneering spirit to plan and carry throughthis track tour to Russia, Poland, Hungary and Greece in the face of discouraging world tensions and obstacles. Ibelieve that international sports competition of this sort helps to create andextend world understanding which is sonecessary to the peaceful solution ofinternational problems.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESTrustees electedRobert S. Ingersoll, president andchief executive officer of the Borg-Warner Corporation, was elected a trustee of the University this January. Mr.Ingersoll, who holds a bachelor of science degree from Yale University, classof 1937, is also director of the ContainerCorporation of America, the First National Bank of Chicago, and the American Management Association.Two new trustees elected to the Cancer Research Foundation board areMyron H. Fox, president of Bell Savingsand Loan Association of Chicago, andEugene M. Kinney, a vice-president andgeneral manager of the hearing aiddivision of Zenith Radio Corporation.Mr. Fox, one of the thirteen originalfounders of Bell Savings, is director ofthe Chicago Better Business Bureau andthe Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago, a member of the legislative committee of the United States Savings andLoan League, and active in civic organizations in Chicago. Mr. Kinney hasbeen with Zenith since 1947, when heserved with the Navy in the PacificTheatre. In April, 1958 he was electedto the board of directors.Research fund in PsychologyAs a memorial to Dr. Maurice H.Krout, an internationally known psychologist, who died in November of1958, a group of his friends have established a research fund in psychology inhis name."Those nearest and dearest to himfeel that such a fund would be mostappropriate, and that his alma mater,the University of Chicago, could administer this most effectively," according to the chairman of the group whichis working on the project, Mrs. EstherGoetz Gilliland.Founder and director of the ChicagoPsychological Institute, Dr. Krout hadheen » member of the faculties of theUniversity of Illinois, Roosevelt Univer-Slty, the Chicago City Junior Colleges,and worked with the University of Chi cago Committee on Preparation ofTeachers. He was a qualified psychological examiner of the State of Illinoisand the author of numerous professional books, and of more than 100scientific articles.During World War II he served asmajor in the medical service corps of theArmy. He held many consultive appointments and assignments in variouscity, state, and federal agencies and participated in scientific organizations,both in the United States and Europe.Schomer inauguratedInaugurated as the sixth president ofthe Chicago Theological Seminary isHoward Schomer, former secretary forinter-church aid in Europe for the WorldCouncil of Churches. Mr. Schomer replaces Arthur Cushman McGiffert, Jr.,who retired last December, after servingas president for thirteen years.The inauguration ceremony was thehighlight of the annual Minister'sWeek, held the last week in January. Howard Schomer and Robert IngersollIt was attended by ministers and churchleaders from all parts of America, manyof whom are "reunioning" C. T. S.alumni.The ministers were also able to catchthe last of the month long series of lectures by Paul Tillich. In his sixteenlectures, Dr. Tillich discussed the "Kingdom of God and History," which willbecome the third volume of his Systematic Theology.Erasing the high water marksThe damage potential in urban floodplains in the U. S. is increasing at therate of about 2.7% per year, accordingto six University of Chicago geographers. Moreover, every six dollars ofpotential flood damage reduced eachyear by new flood protection measuresis offset by at least five dollars additional potential flood damage, and underpresent policies the rate of increase indamage potential in urban areas andthe rate of expenditures for protectionmight in time coincide.March, 1959 15This study was led by Gilbert F.White, professor and chairman of thedepartment of geography, and was financed by Resources for the Future,Inc. It is described in a book, newlypublished by the University of ChicagoPress, entitled Changes in Urban Oc-cupance of Flood Plains in the UnitedStates. Co-authors are Wesley C. Calefand Harold M. Mayer, professors ofgeography, and James W. Hudson, JohnR. Sheaffer, and Donald J. Volk, graduate students.The geographers found that the number of buildings on flood plains was increasing, sometimes at an astronomicalrate. Paradoxically, urban renewal programs, usually with federal funds, weregoing ahead on flood plains. Anotherfederally sponsored "stimulant to themarch to the flood plains" was the construction of the national highway network. The super highways will freelyuse urban flood plains as rights of waybecause the lands are level and easy toget, and these highways will attract stillfurther occupancy to potential floodlands because of the increased accessibility they will provide.The most ironic federal stimulant tothe build-up of flood plains is the government's flood protection works. TheU.S. Army corps of engineers, evaluating each town's flood problem on thebasis of present flood plain occupants,and on technical and financial limitations, builds big dams, reservoirs, andother projects to prevent all floods butthe big ones, that occur perhaps onceevery fifty to five hundred years. Ineffect, said the report, "the corps ofengineers is, against its inclinations, oneof the major real-estate developmentagencies in the country." Unduly opti mistic developers, even before the engineering works are begun, charge intothe flood plains and begin raising newstructures. Thus, the corps of engineers, "is an army resolutely pushingback an enemy on one frontier, while heinfiltrates the territory from other frontiers over which it exercises no control."This in no way blames the Corps, thereport points out. Its projects are well-designed to keep away the waters offloods for which they are planned."There always remains, however, thepossibility of a flood that one day willexceed the designed capacity . . . Rareevents in single basins - which may notoccur for as much as five hundred yearshave a way of looming high on the national tally sheet."Added to the false sense of securitythat engineering works nurture, are government flood relief and rehabilitationgrants, proposals for federally sponsoredflood insurance funds, and modern floodwarning systems.There is a tendency in real estate menand civic leaders "to underestimate andignore the hazards. The less said aboutfloods, the higher land prices will remain and the more rapidly the urbanarea will grow. As the first curiosity concerning high water recedes in themonths and years following a peakflow, so also do the tangible reminders.High water marks are painted out."The geographers found that morethan 1,020 places in the United States,with a population exceeding 1,000 havesignificant flood problems. Of thesecities more than 560 had received somedegree of protection. Of some 732 citiesclassified by flood plain use, 110 werecompletely in the potential flood areas;291 had their industry and centralbusiness districts there.Cities with Flood Problems The Ministry and Mental HealthThe Federated Theological Facultyand the School of Medicine of the University are cooperating on a projectwhich is designed to increase clergymen's awareness of early signs of mentalillness, and to increase his ability to getthese people to professional help whilethe illness is in its early stages.Director of the project, the Rev. Dr.Granger E. Westberg, points out,"mental health experts emphasize thatclergymen are in a unique position tocombat mental illness, because theywork closely with people in a familysetting. Also, they are the only professional people in the community whodeal with people in normal times as wellas in times of crisis. This gives them achance to spot mental illness coming,and help nip it in the bud. If ministers,priests, and rabbis, are adequatelytrained to counsel persons who have unhealthy patterns of living, many of theproblems that appear can be alleviatedbefore long term medical-psychiatriccare becomes necessary."In addition to the Rev. Dr. Westberg,the faculty of the project includes theRev. Mr. Carl Is. Wennerstrom, chaplain of the University of ChicagoClinics; Dr. Edgar Draper, psychiatrist,who will soon join the University faculty; Dr. John Hoyt, psychiatrist in theKokomo, Indiana community, wherethe pilot project is being carried out;and three University of Chicago theology students.In the project, clergymen of differentfaiths from all over Howard County,Indiana, where Kokomo is located,worked as a team. During a once-a-month, four-hour conference in Kokomo, the clergy held with University ofChicago faculty member and Dr. Hoyt,individual cases were presented and discussed. Prior to this, a week-long session had been held on the Universitycampus, in preparation for their sixmonths of operation in the field.Last month the ministers returned tocampus for another week-long session.Priority for their week's work on mentalhealth was given to eight problems arising out of their work with their congregations;• Problems arising within the family:stresses of divorce and broken homes.• Need for pre-marital counselling.• Doctors and clergymen working together.• Hospitals and clergymen working together.• Special problems involving olderpeople.• The alchoholic and his family.• Deeper insight into pastoral counselling.• Suicide.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE"I DONT DOUBT THAT THIS IS the bestswimming team the University has everhad," Coach Bill Moyle exclaimed afterhis tankers beat Washington University49-37 and set three more records. To datethe swimmers have broken 24 recordswhile setting nine pool records and breaking others in practice. Their competitionhas included Northwestern University, theUniversity of Wisconsin, Notre Dame, andWestern Michigan University. Roger Harmon, shown here, a med student fromJackson, Michigan, has broken one pooland five varsity records this season inthe 100 and 200 yard butterfly stroke, andthe 400 yard medley relay.HARVEAs a result of their work with theproject, the clergymen themselves planto institute a regular pre-marital counselling course in Kokomo and have takensteps to develop closer relationships between local doctors by planning a meeting of doctors and ministers in the area.Many of the clergymen pointed outthat another result of their work in theproject was the growth in understanding, resulting from bringing men ofsuch varying viewpoints together. Asone minister said, "It has, I'm sure,given all of us deeper appreciation ofworking together."The National Merit of UCHow do the nation's top high schoolgraduates and their parents rate a college?The reason given most frequently forthe selection of the school was that itwas "the best college" or the one whichhad a high ranking department in whichthe student planned to study. Also listedas reasons for college selections wereacademic standing, recommendation offriends, closeness to home, liberal artsorientation, small size, and desirablelocation.It was found that different types ofcolleges and universities tend to attractdifferent types of students, who havecharacteristic patterns of abilities, vocational goals, educational values, personalities, and family backgrounds. Thus,academic abilities, personalities and values, and parental pressures strongly influence a student's choice of college.And how did the University of Chicago rank? Out of the 1,866 popularchoices on the three separate lists madeout by parents, by the boys and by the girls concerned, UC ranked among thetop twenty on each list.A Bigger Role in RenewalWhen officials of six universities appeared before the U.S. Senate Bankingand Currency committee to ask Congress to give America's private universities a bigger role in urban renewalprograms, Chancellor Kimpton's representative was Julian H. Levi.Calling attention to the demands thatAmerican universities provide educationof a continually improving quality to atleast least 6 million students by 1970,compared to 3 million now, Mr. Levisaid, "Inevitably the major impact ofthis expansion required in our nationalinterest must fall upon existing institutions. It is upon their faculties and facilities, it is upon their academic traditions that the basic increase in capacitymust be built."Yet these institutions are 'landlocked'; they have no open campus areaavailable for required expansion. Thestory over the entire country is that it isvirtually impossible for such institutionsto assemble useful construction sitesthrough the acquistion of needed landby negotiation."The witnesses before Senator John J.Sparkman's committee proposed anamendment to the housing act of 1949that would allow urban renewal authorities to do two things. First, they wouldlike to see dropped the restriction thatat least 51% of urban renewal landaround the university must be land currently in residential housing or landplanned for residential housing.Secondly, they suggested that expenditures of universities for neighborhood improvements be counted with the localgovernmental improvement contributions. At the present time federal loansand capital grants are made on the basisof local contributions. In the Hyde Park-Kenwood Urban Renewal Project, forexample, federal grants have matchedcity investment at a ratio of 3:1.Recommendations of the witnesses reflected a study begun approximatelyeighteen months ago under the American Association of Universities, in whichsome fourteen institutions located allover the country began to exchange dataand information on their environmentalproblems. This study was coordinatedby the old Southeast Chicago Commission planning unit. At least twenty institutions of higher education are at thistime attempting to deal with urban problems within the framework of the existing federal housing legislation.Basketball to go EastNext year the varsity basketball teamwill seek out Eastern competition withArmy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Johns Hopkins University.With a record at press time of sevenwins and six losses, and a team that willbe about the same next year as it is thisyear, director of athletics, Walter L.Hass, expects to make a showing.Opponents this season include Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point,N. Y.; Wayne University; Ripon College; Grinnell College; Illinois Instituteof Technology; and Chicago TeachersCollege.In the 1960 schedule the Maroonswill play Johns Hopkins in Baltimore,the U. S. Military at West Point, andM.I.T. Will come to the Chicago campus.March, 1959 17Stone to design for ChicagoWhen the Center for Continuing Education is completed early in 1961 itwill provide a place for a program formeetings of experts from throughoutthe world on subjects vital to adulteducation. It will provide residentialfacilities for brief and concentrated programs for retraining, refreshing andbringing together groups of people having like interests. Through the Centerthe University will also seek to translatenew basic discoveries related to practical programs of national importance,through frequent conferences with national leaders.Director for the new Center will beAlec Sutherland, who heads the University's educational broadcasting activities. Mr. Sutherland, who came to theUniversity to direct its broadcastingactivities in 1957, was previously associated with the British BroadcastingCorporation. During World War II, asB.B.C. war correspondent with the U.S.Army, he produced such series as "Starsand Stripes" and, for the British ForcesNetwork, "Radio Gazette." He lias beensenior television administrator for theB.B.C. and chief program planner ofBritish television.Selected to design the new Center isEdward D. Stone, whose American pa-villion in the Brussels' Fair and his recently completed U.S. Embassy in NewDelhi, India have been hailed as master-In the chain reaction of nuclearenergy are many problems connectedwith the study of medicine. Amongthese problems are a number which willbe investigated under a new unit of theSchool of Medicine. These are problems such as the following:• The increase in natural backgroundradiation, due to by-products of alluses of nuclear energy devices.• The actual or probable consequences, both genetic and physiologic, of the increased exposure ofman and domestic animals to ionizingradiation.• Existing and proposed legislativecontrols of factors responsible forincreased exposure to radiation.• Medical and legal aspects of personal injury and compensation ofpersonnel engaged in nuclear energyindustry, and others.• The psychological reaction of society to the threatening aspects ofnuclear energy.This new unit set up under the Schoolof Medicine will be called the Sectionon Nuclear Medicine and will receive pieces, because of their striking departure from conventional modern architectural style. He is also known to manyalumni for his design of alumnus ArtHanisch's, Stuart Company laboratoriesin California.The building will face the MidwayPlaisance on the south side of 60thStreet, between Kenwood and KimbarkAvenues, a site which Mr. Stone finds,"fantastically beautiful." Commentingon the campus, Mr. Stone said, "practically the whole history of architectureof the past fifty years is written here."He recalled that he jirst became acquainted with modern architecture,when as a youth of sixteen, he sawFrank Lloyd Wright's Robie House onthe campus, and said "Wright calls thathouse the cornerstone of modern architecture, and now I'm going to design abuilding some 400 yards away. I viewthat as a real challenge."This first major building in the Chicago metropolitan area by Stone will befinanced by a grant of $2,856,000 fromthe W. K. Kellogg Foundation of BattleCreek, Michigan, a Foundation whichhas pioneered in establishing residential centers for continuing education.The total cost of the University of Chicago Center is expected to be approximately $3,500,000.In announcing the appointment ofStone, Chancellor Kimpton said, "it isour hope that Mr. Stone will provide adesign for the building that will be sym bolic of the importance of continuingeducation." For Stone it will be thefirst scholastic building he has done thatincludes requirements for housing, forthis will be a combination of hotel andvocational facilities. He finds the ideaof the Center intriguing and said, "I findthat in a busy professional life, youdon't have too much time for readingand meditation. Most of your life isused with getting on with the job, andI am kept alert by the people I see.This is the secret of the Center for Continuing Education. I think it is a marvelous way to get benefits from othersin a concerted way. The concept of theCenter offers both a relaxed and economical way of handling time andpeople to learn new things."Professor Sweet DiesProfessor Emeritus William WarrenSweet, whom the Christian Centurycalled the father of American churchhistory, died on January 3 in Dallas,Texas, at the age of seventy-seven.When Dr. Sweet retired as professor ofthe history of American Christianity in1946, he moved to Dallas to becomechairman of the faculty at PerkinsSchool of Theology at Southern Methodist University. Following retirementfrom Perkins in 1952 he taught atPomona College in California. Meanwhile he wrote 27 books, the last beinga four-volume series on religion inAmerica.Radiation and Healthition and Health$500,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation and money from other sources, aswell as the University.In addition to the regular departments of the biological sciences, suchwide-ranging organizations on campusas the following will be associated withthe Section on Nuclear Medicine: theSchools of Law and Business, the FermiInstitute, the Food Research Institutes,Public Administration Service, Industrial Relations Center, National OpinionResearch Center, Weather ForecastResearch Center, the Downtown Centerfor Adult Education, and the Conference Center of the University.Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, dean of theDivision of Biological Sciences, madethese observations in connection withhis announcement of the Section onNuclear Medicine:"By 1958, no living creature will beborn without a small, but measurableburden of radioactive Strontium-90; andno living creature will die without someexposure to ionizing radiation in addi tion to that from the naturally-occurringradioisotopes in his body and in thebiosphere."It is a truism to say that nuclearenergy, and the by-products of its creation, is a social force of the greatestimportance; it is equally true to statethat society's understanding of this forceis imperfect. Broadly speaking, the extent to which current nuclear energyprograms will benefit mankind dependsupon social and political judgementsthat will be made ultimately by thepeople themselves acting on such information as is available."The task is primarily educational,but the direction of the educational program should be independent of the twopowerful groups — government and industry — whose activities should be responsive to public control. The University of Chicago, as an independentcenter of inquiry and criticism, and asa pioneer in nuclear studies and inpublic, adult education, is well qualifiedto engage in this public service."18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMore than twenty scientists and scholars of the Universitystaff have been working on investigations connected with thechallenges of the atomic era. In announcing the Section onNuclear Medicine the following distinguished men were listed:Dr. Coggeshall: special assistant forhealth and medical affairs to U.S. Secretaryof Health, Education and Welfare, 1956;president of American Cancer Society,1957-58; president of Association of American Medical Colleges, 1957-58.Warren C. Johnson: professor of chemistry; University vice-president for specialscientific programs; dean of Physical Sciences; chairman of General Advisory Committee of A.E.C.Walter J. Blum: professor of law;counsel to Bulletin of the Atomic Scientistsand the Educational Foundation for Nuclear Studies.Gilbert F. White: professor and chairman of geography; former president ofHaverford College; studying river basinswhere atomic radiation is concentrated.Horace R. Byers: professor and chairman of meteorology; member of NationalAdvisory Committee for Aeronautics; atop authority on physics of the atmosphere.Herbert L. Anderson: professor ofphysics and director of Fermi Institute forNuclear Studies; an authority on nuclearparticles — "mesons"- — and on high-energyatom smashers.Samuel K. Allison: professor of physics;former director of the Fermi Institute; anexpert on nuclear reactions of light elements and on low-energy atom smashers.Nathan Sugarman: professor of chemistry in the Fermi Institute; a consultantto A.E.C.Anderson, Allison, and Sugarman weremembers of the original Metalurgical Laboratory of the University, which launchedthe Atomic Age.Lester S. Skaggs: professor of medicalphysics; doing research on radiation devicesfor biological research; member of subcommittees of the National Research Council,the National Bureau of Standards, and theNational Committee on Radiation Protection.Dr. George V. LeRoy: professor ofmedicine and associate dean of BiologicalSciences; a pioneer in nuclear medicinewho did studies of atomic bomb casualtiesin World War II and supervised the biomedical research during the 1949 Eniwetoknuclear tests.Dr. Leon O. Jacobson: professor ofmedicine and director of Argonne CancerResearch Hospital; a leading blood expertwho recently discovered a hormone whichcontrols the production of red blood cells.Dr. Robert J. Hasterlik : associate professor of medicine and associate directorof Argonne Hospital; a member of theIllinois Atomic Power Investigating Commission.Dr. J. Garrot Allen: professor of sur gery; one of the first to do research ontreatment of radiation injury with transfusions and antibiotics.Kenneth P. DuBois : professor of pharmacology; director of Air Force RadiationLab at U C.Dr. John Doull: assistant professor ofpharmacology and assistant director of theU.S.A.F. Lao; studying effects of chronic,minute doses of radiation.Dr. Lloyd J. Roth: professor and chairman of pharmacology; an authority on useand manufacture of radioactive tracerdrugs.Dr. Robert D. Moseley, Jr.: professorand chairman of radiology; former staffmember of the Radiobiological Group atLos Alamos.William H. Taliaferro: Eliakim H.Moore Distinguished Service Professor andchairman of microbiology; former dean ofBiological Sciences; past member of committees of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council;an authority on immunity mechanisms andradiation.Dr. William Bloom: Charles H. SwiftDistinguished Service Professor of anatomy; member of University Committeeon Biophysics.Raymond E. Zirkle: professor andchairman of Committee on Biophysics; hasspent years, with Dr. Bloom, studying effectof pin-points of radiation on specific partsof living cells.Dr. C. Phillip Miller: professor ofmedicine; an authority on effects of bacteriaand antibiotics after the body is irradiated;former consultant to the Secretary of War,the Army Surgeon-General, and ArgonneLab.William K. Baker: associate professorof zoology; interest in radiation and heredity; formerly with Oak Ridge NationalLaboratories.Dr. Austin M. Brues: professor ofmedicine; director of biological and medical research at Argonne Lab; formerlymember of U.N. committee on world-wideeffects of atomic radiation.Dr. John E. Rose: associate professorof radiology; director of radiological physics at Argonne Lab; currently using a 60-ton iron room to establish the naturalamounts of radioactivity in man.Leonjdas D. Marine Hi: associate director of radiological physics at Argonne Lab;past member of committees of NationalResearch Council and the InternationalCommission on Radiological Protection;research in radium toxicity in man.Dr. Asher J. Finkel: director of Division of Health of Argonne Lab; an assistantin medicine at the University.March, 1959individual and most distinctiveOUR OWN MAKE TROPICAL SUITSin materials woven exclusively for usBrooks Brothers tropical worsted suits havelong been noted for their handsome materials,outstanding workmanship and distinctive styling. . .as well as for the comfort with which theyare worn. This Spring's interesting selectionfor town or countrywear includes solid shadesof blue, tan or grey, dark pin stripes on tan orgrey, and fancy patterns. Coat and trousers. MIRCEA ELIADEPOOKS toyRv^siOUJI-rr-Yarid AL—LJrs/'irvllBirth and Rebirth: The ReligiousMeanings of Initiation in Human Culture, Harper, 1958, Pp. 175, $3.50.Patterns in Comparative Religion:Sheed and Ward, 1958, Pp. 484, $6.50.Yoga: Immortality and Freedom, Pantheon Books, 1958, Pp. 529, $6.00.Sacred and the Profane, to be published this year.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIRCEA ELIADE was born in Bucharest, Romania, where he took his PhDdegree in 1932, at the University and hetaught from 1933 to 1938. He was culturalattache at the Romanian Legations inLondon and Lisbon during World War II.From 1946 to 1948, he was Visiting Professor at the Institute of Higher Studies,Sorbonne, Paris. He also edited, Zalmoxis,a journal in the History of Religions, from1938 to 1942. Professor Eliade was invitedto the University as Visiting Professor ofthe History of Religions for 1956-57 and in1957 he became Professor and Chairman ofthe History of Religions Field in the Federated Theological Faculty.Four of his many works, originally published in French or German have recentlybeen translated into English. They areThe Myth of the Eternal Return; Patternsin Comparative Religion; Yoga, Immortality, and Freedom and The Sacred and theProfane.Another book, Death and Rebirth represents the substance of the Haskell Lectures delivered while Eliade was at theUniversity in 1956. Some of his importantbooks are still not available to the English-reading public. These include Le Cham-anisme et les techniques archaiques deI'extase, Images et Symboles, and Forgeronset Alchimistes. He has also found time towrite several novels.His study of the history of religionsdates to 1928 when he had gone fromBucharest to the University of Rome tocomplete his last year of study for theMasters degree. While waiting for a professor with whom he had an appointment,he browsed through his library. A book,The Philosophy of India, Volume 1, struckhis attention, and he became very interestedin it since he was, at that time, a studentof philosophy. In the preface of the book,the author, the distinguished Sanskritscholar, Surendranath Das Gupta, acknowledged his debt of gratitude to his patron,the Honorable Maharajah Sir Manindra-chandra Nundy K.C.I.E., who, through hisfinancial support, had made possible hisstudy. Eliade, after reading the book, became so enthusiastic about Indian philosophy that he wished to undertake a thorough study of the subject. He wrote to theMaharajah asking him if he would granta scholarship to him for one year to studyin Calcutta under Das Gupta. The Maharajah replied that he would not grant hima scholarship for one year, because oneyear would not allow enough time for intensive study of the subject, but he wouldgrant him a scholarship for four years.Eliade accepted and studied in India from1928 to 1931, preparing his dissertation,Yoga: Essai sur les origines de la mystiqueindienne, under Das Gupta.It was in India that he first grasped themeaning of religion for the life of man.Having lived the life of a "cultureddespiser," an intellectual in Romania, hehad previously regarded the religious lifeof the peasants and the worship of theGreek Orthodox Church as superstition.His studies in India introduced him notonly to Hinduism but to more archaic or"pre-Hindu" forms of the religious life as it found expression among the manyreligious groups in India. These experiences, while obviously contributing to hisunderstanding of Indian religion, weremore far-reaching, for he states that for thefirst time he gained an appreciation andunderstanding of the religion of the Romanian peasant and also of the GreekOrthodox Church. From this point on, hisvocation was clear. Since that time he hasdevoted his life to research in the natureand meaning of religion.In TWO OF HIS BOOKS, Patterns inComparative Religion and The Sacred andthe Profane, Eliade sets forth the orientation from which one should undertake thestudy of religious phenomena. He beginswith the cryptic statement that, "The firstpossible definition of the sacred is that itis opposite of the profane." The sacred isknown by its manifestation, and its manifestation, since it is of a totally differentreality than ordinary existence, creates thepolarities of the sacred and the profane.The study of the History of Religions isa study of the manifestation of those realities which are regarded as sacred. Theexistence of such realities or phenomenahas been known for a long time from thereports of missionaries and ethnologistsand from the knowledge which scholarshave always had of the various religioustraditions in the West. However, there hasbeen a general reluctance among scholarsto treat these religious realities as religious.Eliade believes that these phenomena canand should be understood as religious, andin Patterns in Comparative Religion setsforth a method for the systematic understanding of religious realities.These realities must have a natural form,but, at the same time, the manifestation ofthe sacred means that this natural formshows something which is transcendent toall natural or profane realities.The sacred always shows itself to someperson or group. To be sure, Rudolf Otto'sterms, mysterium tremendum and myster-ium fascinans, are appropriate reactions onthe part of man confronted with the sacred,but the sacred also creates an existentialsituation — a situation which calls for areorientation of man's life and actions.The manifestation of the sacred is themanifestation of being. Man's orientationtoward the sacred is an orientation towardreality. It is for this reason that primitiveand archaic man must, through the performance of some ritual action, place himself in relationship to that manifestationof the sacred which reveals reality to him.That which does not participate in thedivine model — the structure of the sacredmanifestation — is unreal and profane.In Yoga Eliade turns to a method oforientation which is at the same time aspiritual technique — a technique which, tothe modern Western mind, may seemradical. By and large, modern Westernthought has held the various forms ofconditioning (sociological, biological, economic, etc.) as necessary for personalexistence. Analysis of the forms of conditioning proceeded from this presupposi tion. Indian spirituality has, by and large,analysed these same problems, ". . . inolder to learn how far the conditionedzones of the human being extend and tosee if anything else exists beyond theirconditioning." (Yoga, XVII)Eliade's treatment of the history of thistechnique in India and his analysis of itsreligious meaning probably constitutes themost careful, comprehensive, and informative study in the English language. Detailed expositions of the classical yogasutras of Patanjali, Buddhist Yoga, HathaYoga, Tantric Yoga and Yoga in theBhagavad Gita, along with several addendamark this as a scholarly presentation.Naturally, there is something of theexotic and even esoteric in yoga, butEliade's manner of always tying his analysis to the religious interpretation does agreat deal towards bridging the gap betweenthe foreign and the familiar. His subtleallusions to the analogies between modernWestern psycho-analysis and this ancientspiritual technique are enough to piquethe curiousity of the serious reader.Eliade states in the foreword of Mythof the Eternal Return that, "Had we notfeared to be over-ambitious, we shouldhave given this book a subtitle: Introduction to a Philosophy of History." Throughan analysis of the religious symbols ofarchaic and traditional man, Eliade showshow these symbols reveal an ontology, atheory of being, which has not receivedrecognition by Western thinkers — an ontology which indicates a definite orientationtoward time and space. By a thorough examination of these symbols, we are led toconsider the distinction between the ontology of archaic man and modern man.1) Reality for archaic man is a functionof the imitation of a celestial type; 2) Time,which was created by the gods, can beregenerated by the repetition of the properritual; 3) Space constituted a cosmos inwhich any object could become a vehicleof the sacred.In contra-distinction, modern man consciously and voluntarily creates history,attributing an intrinsic value to it. Furthermore, modern man is progressively losingthe conception of the world as a cosmos,a place where anything or person maybecome a bearer of the sacred. Modernman must, therefore, find some way bywhich he can endure the "terror of history"— the decay and meaninglessness whichseems so widespread today. Eliade's discussion of the faith of Abraham and ofChristian faith in this context, thoughshort, presents one of the most profoundstatements concerning the relationship ofthese two types of faith to other religiousorientations.A debt of gratitude is owed to Eliadefor presenting to the English-reading publicthis wealth of material in the history ofreligions. Though religious facts have beenknown for a long time, Eliade presents themost illuminating systematic history ofreligion since the attempts of Tyler andFrazer.Charles H. Long, '53Federated Theological FacultyDean of Students, Divinity SchoolMARCH, 1959 21X*o\These students are engaged in one of the mostpublicized of the University's student activities.Last spring the wire services first sent out newsof an international ESP contest between the Uof C and Cambridge University and this fallnewspapers and a news magazine picked upthe story. The "game" the students are playing in a smoke-filled Ida Noyes room requiresa deck of cards printed with the symbols illustrating these pages, two players, and — ifyou're a serious player — lots of statisticians tokeep score. The object of the game is that oneplayer be able to guess which symbol is onthe face of the card the other player is lookingat. If a player can guess better than the law ofaverages says he should, he has ESP; that is,he has extra-sensory perception. The studentsare organized into the Parapsychology Societyand, as president of the Society Stephen I. Abrams reports in his article on the followingpages, they are seriously studying their subject.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDEFINING THE SIXTH SENSET7l O T) is a strange and as yet unexplained ability whichXliO-L some people have to perceive or respond toideas or things which are not accessible to the five knownsensory processes. It is commonly referred to as telepathyor mind-reading, and commonly attributed to fortune tellers,stage telepathists and mediums. But, aside from these doubtful practitioners, there is real evidence that ESP does exist,and evidence of it has appeared throughout history.According to Herodotus, King Croesus of Lydia was thefirst person actually to design and carry out an experimentto prove the existence of ESP. To test the powers of theseveral oracles in Greece and the one in Libya he dispatchedmessengers who were to consult the appropriate oracles onthe hundredth day following their departure and inquirewhat Croesus was doing at that moment. Croesus, .for hispart, engaged himself at that time in a most uncharacteristicactivity; cutting a tortoise and a lamb into pieces with hisown hands and then boiling them together in a brass cauldron,covered with a lid also made of brass. Here is what theDelphic oracle said:I can count the sands, and I can measure the ocean;I have ears for the silent, and know what the dumbman meaneth;Lo! on my sense there striketh the smell of a shellcovered tortoise,Broiling now on a fire, with the flesh of a lamb,in a cauldron,Brass is the vessel below, and brass the cover above it.Much later, Francis Bacon devoted the last hundredparagraphs of his Sylva Sylvarum to suggestions for furtherresearch. In recent years highly sophisticated studies havebeen carried out in parapsychology laboratories throughoutthe world.Research in ESP on a modest scale has now begun at theU. of C. under the auspices of the Parapsychology Society,a student organization, formed in October of 1957. RobertPalter, chairman of the natural sciences in the College, wassponsor for the first year and several eminent men of science,such at Dr. Carl Jung, Gardner Murphy, J. B. Rhine, andJ. G. Pratt agreed to serve as advisory members. The presentfaculty sponsor is anthropologist Julian A.F.L. Pitt-Rivers.Membership in the society grew to about forty, largelygraduate students in the social and physical sciences. Therange of interests of the members of the society can beshown by a listing of its officers : In addition to myself, theyare D. Jacques Gruber, anthropology; Lee Harmon Hook, mathematical statistics; Raymond S. True, political science;Alan Herzog, psychology; David Goldenberg, biopsy chology;K. Ramakrishna Rao, philosophy; and Marvin Stodolski,physics.In the Cambridge experiment, we were concerned withtesting two hypotheses which have been raised about ESPexperiments. The first is that ESP, when it works, works aswell at a distance of four thousand miles as it does at fourfeet, that it is, in fact, independent of distance. The secondhypothesis was one advanced in the late 30's by Harold O.Gullekson, formerly Chairman of the Board of Examinersat the University, and others. Gullekson felt that sensoryclues, such as unconscious whispering from agent to subjector tell-tale impressions on the back of the cards, were moreplausible explanations than ESP.Neither hypothesis stands or falls on the basis of ourexperiment. It has already been shown that distances up toa few hundred miles do not inhibit ESP, and further experimental evidence suggests that ESP functions at distancesup to 7,500 miles. Of course, in distance experiments thereis no possibility of sensory cues.The experiment had to be designed so that a simple anddefensible statistical analysis of the results would be possible.A set of cards designed by psychologist Carl Zener of DukeUniversity were used. Each card had one of the five patternsthat illustrate this article printed on it. An agent was toconcentrate on the pattern on each card as it was presentedin sequence for a period of twenty seconds, and the subjectwas to guess what the pattern was. In some runs of theexperiment no attempt was made to transmit the targetcards and they were placed face down for the twenty-secondperiods. In this manner telepathy was ruled out whileclairvoyance (literally "seeing at a distance") was tried.If the order of presentation of the cards is chosen with theaid of a table of random numbers, the chance that a givenpattern will be drawn on any single trial is 1/5.It is sometimes thought, incorrectly, that the person withESP does not exists at all, that ESP is a kind of statisticalaccident which comes from playing with large numbers.But, consider this example: Duke University parapsychol-ogist, J. G. Pratt, conducted a famous experiment in 1933-34in which a single subject averaged 7.5 correct guesses out of25 over 74 runs. This gives odds against chance of morethan 1022.MARCH, 1959 23+ ? VCould this high score be not ESP but merely a run ofluck which was eventually swamped by the equalizing effectof the law of large numbers? Of course not. In order tocancel out Pratt's results completely it would be necessaryto make 1022 unsuccessful repetitions of it. As Pratt ha,snoted, if 18,000,000,000 people each made 1,000,000 ESPguesses for an infinite time they could expect to repeat hisexperiment once every 1,000,000,000 years.Many people seem to have a trickling of ESP, which,while unlikely to show up in an individual test, is still likelyto contribute to a statistically significant deviation of a groupof similar individuals. Frequently individuals appear whocan be predicted to consistently score negatively on ESPtests. Seeking a better definition of ESP, investigators havestudied the effects on ESP of the psychological characteristicsof the subjects through the use of electro-encephalograms;interpersonal relationships; drugs, such as caffeine and sodium amytal; and hypnosis.As is to be expected, the overall results of the Cambridgeexperiment do not lend much support to the ESP hypothesis.One thousand and ten hits on 5,000 trials comes very closeto hitting chance expectation on the head. The differencebetween Cambridge's 524 hits and Chicago's 486 is alsonot significant. Scores on the clairvoyance runs averaged 4.7,while the average of telepathy runs immediately preceedingand following each clairvoyance run was 5.5.However, one subject, a psychologist from Trinity College,produced a genuinely impressive score, averaging 7.2 cardscorrect per run. The probability is less than 2000:1. However, because each subject in the experiment had the sameopportunity to match this score, it is advisable to divide itby twenty, in which case the probability is still less than100:1.Another effect noted in the Cambridge experiment wasevidence for ESP. Our subjects showed a significant tendency to guess most accurately at the beginning of the seriesof runs, their scores becoming progressively lower, perhapsas enthusiasm dampens and boredom sets in.Last May a campus guest of the Parapsychology Societywas the man who coined the phrase "extra-sensory perception." Joseph Banks Rhine is director of the ParapsychologyLaboratory at Duke University where his extensive researchin ESP has been largely responsible for disarming seriouscriticism of the subject.On campus, the Society sponsored meetings of ProfessorRhine with the Society and members of the faculty, and aspeech by him in Mandel Hall. While he was here he recalledthe period from September, 1920 to the spring of 1923, andagain during the summer of 1925 when he and Mrs. Rhine(Louisa Weckesser) were at the University. During thattime they both earned B.S., M.S., and Ph.D degrees inBotany. Speaking of the decision he made to study parapsychology, he said:Perhaps as much as anything else the philosophy of mechanismthat dominated the Hull Quadrangle from the days of JacquesLoeb, precipitated this decision on our part. It was the influence of this great scientist on the thinking of the biologicalfields that required the ignoring of phenomena that couldnot be fitted into physicalistic frameworks of thought. In thephenomena of what had come to be called parapsychologythere were indications of natural events that challenged this metaphysical doctrine that we found in every laboratoaround the Quadrangle. It was necessary for us to find qwhether the phenomena or the philosophy were genuine.had to be one or the other.In his lecture Professor Rhine spoke hopefully of plaifor research in parapsychology at the U. of C, and such plaiare now beginning to materialize. A number of faculmembers, including the chairmen of three departments, haoffered to help with the design and analysis of experimenIn addition, there now seems to be a real possibilityobtaining some financial assistance.A series of experiments now in progress which originalwere intended to investigate the possibility of a subjeclearning to be extra-sensory perceptive are yielding resuwhich may be of unusual interest. It was thought that if Elcould be learned, it might be controlled— a matter ofsmall concern to stock brokers, gamblers, and governmeintelligence agencies. But, our preliminary results indicaperhaps fortunately, just the opposite of learning; averascores for repeated presentations of the same target sertend to decrease. If this effect holds up, we will have devisthe long awaited repeatable experiment.In another series of experiments we have decided to ilaboratory rats to investigate aspects of ESP which camconveniently be studied in human beings. In one exptment rats will be placed in double levered "Skinner Box<in which he will be rewarded or punished, dependingwhich lever he decides to push. The rats will have eltrodes implanted in the septal area of their brains andplaced on an electric grid in the box. If the proper leveipressed the rat stimulates itself with five-volts of electricin the brain; if the wrong lever is pressed the rat is give]rather painful electric shock. Which lever will be the proone on a given trial is to be determined randomly; therefit is reasonable to assume that a certain percentagerewards over punishment will be achieved only by clairvant rats.lOO WHERE DOES ESP STAND, and in what direciis research heading? At present, one can accept ESPassume, as British psychologist H. J. Eysenck put itgigantic conspiracy involving some thirty University depments all over the world and several hundred highlyspected scientists, many of them orginally hostile."It appears certain that ESP can operate at great distanit can also operate around corners or through lead wBut more than that there are strong indications basedexperimental studies that ESP can reach foreward into tithat a series of cards can be guessed with some accuracyfore the order of the cards is determined. We cannotrelate ESP directly with any physical process, but we areto show in some detail its relation to emotional states.can, and perhaps should, take this with a grain of salt;the fact remains that the existence of ESP, whatevermay be, raises fundamental questions about the naturefunctioning of the mind and might knock the bottom otwhat is known today as psychology.o V c24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZCHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • ALASKA • PUERTO RICOFund Organization ExtendedXHE PERSON TO PERSON AlumniFund drive will be carried on in Aprilthis year, but recruitment of chairmenand committees has been going on sincelast December.Howard Willett, Jr., National Chairman of the Alumni Foundation — thefund-raising arm of the Alumni Association — said he hoped this early startwould assure success in reaching an all-time high goal of 16,500 donors. Lastyear the Alumni Fund set a record with14,170 contributors and $640,507.All these figures are a long way fromthe 4,970 gifts totaling $51,000 obtainedin 1942, the first year of the annualgiving program. But then so are presentUniversity costs, tripled in the last fouryears!The importance of local organizations was emphasized by Mr. Willett,who pointed out a 1958 survey showedthat cities with fund committees didtwice as well as those entirely dependenton the direct-mail appeals. In an effortto step-up local giving, the AlumniFoundation already has organized morethan the 248 committees that were inoperation last year, and hopes to have300 groups in action this spring. As inthe past, they will vary in size from theone-man operations in communities of10 to 15 alumni to the Los Angeles areacommittee, which includes more than120 communities.Our newest state, Alaska, is nowcompletely organized, with the additionof Mrs. Robert B. Atwood as chairmanfor the northern area. The appointmentof Miss Erma H. Wainner as chairmanfor Southern Alaska was announcedlast month.Puerto Rico is the latest territory tohave alumni committees. Chairmenthere are Gregory B. Votaw, who iswith the Economic Development Administration in San Juan, and Dr. Dennis Martinez-Irizarry, with the LawSchool of the University of Puerto Ricoin Rio Piedras.Other appointments from New Yorkto the Pacific Coast include:Eastern StatesFlorida:Coral Gables, Dr. Berthold C. Friedl; Miami, Juan B. Horns, Jr.; Miami Beach,Dr. Donald G. Stannus;Georgia:Atlanta, Morris B. Abram and James T.Powers;Maryland:Bethesda, Bradley H. Patterson, Jr.;New Jersey:Upper Montclair, James W. Toren;New York:Buffalo, Mrs. Lloyd G. Eddins; Rochester,Walter Hamburger; Syracuse, Mrs. WebbFiser;Pennsylvania:State College, Ralph W. McComb;Central StatesIllinois:De Kalb, Mrs. Roy Allen; Galesburg, Dr.and Mrs. Robert M. Edwalds;Indiana:Evansville, Mrs. John W. Visher;Iowa:Des Moines, Dan A. Williams;KentuckyLouisville, Osborne A. Fischbach;Louisiana:New Orleans, Frank J. Buescher;Michigan:Ann Arbor, Dr. and Mrs. Michael E. Blaw;Mt. Pleasant, Mrs. William F. Kries; Pontiac, John D. Millis; South Haven, Mrs.Halstead Logan;Minnesota:Rochester, Dr. James M. Stickney;Ohio:Canton, George R. Wren; Granville, Mrs.Florence B. Dewey; Toledo, Mrs. LucilleB. Hawkins;South Dakota:Rapid City, Dr. Hollis L. Ahrlin;Texas:Galveston, Dr. Howard G. Swann;Western StatesCalifornia:Los Angeles area, Philip H. Wain;Colorado:Boulder, Miss Emada A. Griswold;New Mexico:Los Alamos, John D. Farr;Oregon:Salem, Dr. Horace D. McGee;Utah:Logan, Dr. Heber C. Snell. Because of the large concentration ofalumni in the Chicago area (more thanone-third live in the city and suburbs)particular attention is being given to itsorganization. Present plans are to divide the city into nine parts, with a localchairman for each area.Budd Gore, the Chicago area chairman, expressed confidence that this decentralization of the city committee willresult in more alumni being visited personally in the intensive drive planned."Last year Chicago area alumni contributed 44.7 per cent of the dollarsreceived. I would like to see us increasethat by 10 per cent this year," Goreadded.At present more than half of the suburbs have chairmen, and by March 15thfifty-eight committees are expected tobe organized.The following chairmen have beenappointed to date:Illinois:Arlington Heights, Joseph R. Brady; Aurora, Pompey J. Toigo; Barrington, Mrs.Roy L. Peirce; Berwyn, Robert J. Straker;Blue Island, Mrs. Karl W. Goetter; Brook-field, Hollywood and Congress Park, Mr.and Mrs. Wendell H. Peary; ChicagoHeights, Ben A. Sylla; Clarendon Hills,Mrs. Martin A. Salmon.Downers Grove, Mrs. Andrew F. Stehney;Elgin, Mrs. Albert J. Simon; Elmhurst,William S. Gray, III; Evanston, Paul W.Cook and Kenneth F. MacLellan, Jr.;Evergreen Park, Mrs. Pearl P. Jehn; Floss-moor, John E. Thompson; Forest Park,Leonard J. Giblin; Highland Park, Mrs.Bernard S. Chizewer.Homewood, Mrs. John L. Rigotti; Joliet,Dr. Bernard Mortimer; Kenilworth, CarlS. Stanley; La Grange, La Grange Parkand La Grange Highlands, William Rum-iner; Lake Bluff, John J. Meade; Lake Forest, Mr. and Mrs. Gregory D. Huffaker;Lincolnwood, Mr. and Mrs. Cyril Garland;Mount Prospect, Keith R. Jewell.Northbrook, Ernest J. Fey; Palos Park andPalos Heights, Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Jensen; River Forest, Cecil L. Bothwell, Jr.;Riverside, Martin Paltzer; Skokie, Mrs.Jewell Maher; Wheaton, Mrs. Hascal T.Lyon; Winnetka, Brace Pattou and AllanD. Whitney; Woodstock, Mrs. Orient M.Melone, Jr.Indiana:East Chicago, Melvin Specter; Gary, Eugene R. Cohn.MARCH, 1959 25UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200POND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10. Illinois&*L LINCOLN LOREC*J hy1 Co/or Camera500 35mm.(2x2in.)slidesjfHi&ffl in full color — Send_^SK^ $1.00 for three SamplesL^^^IE^^^^ and complete catalogueWILLEMS COLOR SLIDES Box 1515-E Chicago 90SARGENT'S DRUG STOREestablished 1852Chicago's most completeprescription and chemical stockphone RAndolph 6-477023 N. Wabash AvenueChicagoPENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICELEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVER Qass94-11W. L. Archibald, AM '94, one of thefirst students to register on the Midway theday the University opened, is now 89 andliving in Florida. He came to the campusfrom Arcadia University, Nova Scotia,Canada; financed his education by establishing the University Express Co. in thebasement of Cobb Hall. He returned toArcadia University to become its registrar,retired in 1939 and, with his wife, spendsthe winters at Daytona Beach, Fla.; summers in Canada. At Daytona Beach theArchibalds live in Olds Hall, a buildingwith 81 apartments housing 130 oldsterswhere "young toddlers don't bother them."He is a long-time life member of the Association and began a correspondence withGeorge Dashnau, AM '52, when he answered George's vitamin ad in the magazine.Charles Sumner Pike, '96, who graduated with the first full fledged senior class,has arranged a bequest to the Universityfor a Mabel Holliday Pike Perpetual Memorial Scholarship. Mr. Pike is retired andliving in Washington, D. C.William F. Butterman, MD Rush '97,writes from his home in Downingtown, tell us that he has retired from medicalpractice.Alice Lachmund, '01, came from St.Louis for the December convocation of afriend, and spent two nights in the guestsuite at the new residence halls.Richard R. Wright, Jr., 01, AM '04,has been appointed Bishop of the fifthEpiscopal district of the African MethodistEpiscopal church in Los Angeles, whichincludes the Pacific Coast area and Alaska.C. M. Correll, '07, '08, emeritus professor of history, government and philosophyat Kansas State College, has served as historian there since 1950. In this role, Mr.Correll keeps records of events rangingfrom lectures to minutes of the state boardof regents; he has become the encyclopediafor persons who need information aboutwhat has happened at Kansas State. Recently he was honored at an annual facultylectureship dinner by the college.Loujs S. Berlin, '08, formerly presidentof Webb-Linn Printing Co. in Chicago, hasbeen elected executive vice-president ofI. S. Berlin Press, Inc., one of the nation'slargest offset printing houses. earsHerbert F. Hancox, '10, AM '11, is theeditor of Desert Highways, a quarterlybrochure published by the Desert Mission,Inc. and the John C. Lincoln Hospital ofSunnyslope, Ariz. Mr. Hancox is a member of the board of directors of bothorganizations.Vallee O. Appel, '11, JD '14, is president of the Fulton Market Cold StorageCo. and the First National Bank of Highland Park, 111. He is a member of thefamous Class of E-O-Leven, past-presidentof the Alumni Association, and past chairman of the Alumni Foundation. We extendour sympathy to him on notice of the deathof his wife.Two graduates of the U of C have beenhonored by Rotary International, a worldwide service club organization. Earl Q.Gray, '11, JD '13, a lawyer in Ardmore,Okla., has been named chairman of theconstitution and by-laws committee of theorganization for this year; J. Foley Snyder,MA '31, director of admissions and registrar of Georgetown College, of Georgetown, Ky., has been elected governor of thewestern Kentucky district.Olive Griffis, '11, writes to us fromChosica, Peru, where her husband, Noel,'11, is the publisher of the Peruvian Times,"an English language journal covering theWest Coast of South America."14-30Francis L. Hutsler, '14, has been retiredfor the last few years, and lives in LosAngeles, Calif. Mr. Hutsler had previouslybeen with the U. S. Rubber Company.James Banford McKendry, MA '16,formerly director of the Oak Park, 111. program of religious education, was recentlyelected minister emeritus of the First Christian Church in Tucson, Ariz.James W. Tufts, '16, visited AlumniHouse during the Christmas holidays andreminisced about the days when he editedthe 1915 Cap and Gown. Mr. Tufts is afield engineer in the right-of-way divisionof the State Department of Public Works,and lives in Amherst, Mass.William D. Appel, '17, chief of the textiles section and assistant to the chief of theorganic and fibrous materials division ofthe National Bureau of Standards, has recently retired from this position, but willspend some time editing the annual technical manual of the American Association of26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEKELLY '18Textile Chemists and Colorists.Gerald E. Welsh, '17, JD '25, assistantarea attorney of the American Telephoneand Telegraph Co. in Denver, Col., hasbeen appointed area attorney for KansasCity, Mo.Mervin J. Kelly, PhD '18, past president of Bell Laboratories, the research anddevelopment unit of the Bell TelephoneSystem in New York, has been electedchairman of the board of directors. Oneof the world's foremost scientists, Dr. Kellywas the recipient of the 1958 James For-restal Memorial Award from the NationalSecurity Industrial Assoc. His past dutiesinclude converting the Laboratories to almost complete military research duringWorld War II, and public service assignments with the Atomic Energy Commission. Fortune Magazine devoted the mainarticle of their November issue to "TheWorld's Greatest Industrial Laboratory,"in which Mr. Kelly figures as one who hasmade "major contributions to electricalcommunications."Elmer Kennedy, '19, of Western Springs,111., has a son employed in the real estateand community office of the U of C.. Edna Tersius McMahon, '19, AM '40,is the principal of the Bennett School inChicago.Wendell S. Brooks, MA '21, writingfrom "Peg-Wen-Alec" in Onekama, Mich.,has volunteered to teach Latin as a "dollar-a-year-man." The teachers' schedules werehill and the Board of Education's budget?et, so Mr. Brooks returned to teachingjust fifty years after having taught in theChoate School in Connecticut.Ernest J. Brown, MD Rush '21, writesfrom Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Dr. Brown practiced medicine in Wisconsin for 20 years,but was forced to retire in 1940 by multiplesclerosis. By using his medical knowledge,•Jr. Brown states that after being completely paralyzed for two years, he curednimself so that he is "now, better in every*ay than before he was forced to thesidelines."Hayes Kennedy, '22, JD '24, who lives'» Joliet, HI., tells us that his son, DanielJ* Kennedy, JD '56, is a first lieutenant inI je Judge Advocate's department of theM- S. Air Corps, stationed at the air forceoase in Malrustrom, Great Falls, Mont.Dougald C. White, '25, JD '27, for-^ARCH, 1959 JAMES '30merly with Fund Research and Management, Inc., has joined the sales departmentof the Charlex Realty Corporation in NewYork.Robert A. Carr, '26, president of Dearborn Chemical Company, was elected chairman of the Railway Progress Institute inChicago, the national association of therailway equipment supply industry.Ernest H. Clay, MD '26, living inWhittier, Calif., where he is a general practitioner, spent 17 years in China as a medical missionary. He spent two years in aJapanese prison camp during the War before being repatriated and settling in California.Ida B. DePencier, '28, AM '50, whoseretirement from the Laboratory School wasannounced in the November magazine'sNews of the Quadrangles, writes these corrections and additions: She has discontinued teaching and is writing the historyof the Laboratory Schools and workingwith the managing editor on the Britannica Junior. She was chairman of the advisory committee from 1955-58. She hasalso written a "unitext" used by U.S. elementary schools and translated for use inJapan.Among collectors lending to the Gauginexhibition at the Chicago Art Institute thiswinter are Dr. Herbert L. Michel, '28,MD '32 and his wife Helen Leventhal, '37.Ivar Spector, PhD '28, was in the NearEast last summer and had an interview withNasser.Isaac Chizjk (Horpy), '29, AM '31,formerly in charge of affairs at the Israelembassy in Liberia, has returned to Chicago as head of economic affairs for theIsrael consulate general. A pioneer in thebuilding of the new state of Israel, he wasthe first Palestinian Jew to obtain a privatepilot's license; he served as military governor of Jaffa at one time. Most rewardingof his work, he states, was heading the development and research for the Negevdesert area.Frank R. Mayo, '29, PhD '31, a seniorresearch chemist at the Stanford ResearchInstitute, Menlo Park, Calif., has beenelected chairman of the American Chemical Society's division of polymer chemistry.Polymers are materials such as rubber andplastics, made up of giant molecules. Dr.Mayo is a member of the editorial board ofthe Journal of the American Chemical HUMPHREY '31Society, and was an instructor at theU of C from 1936-42.Sara R. Reder, '29, is an extension assistant professor of sociology at the University of Missouri.Betty W. Starr, '29, MA '49, PhD '51,is currently assistant to the executive secretary of the American Anthropological Association in Beloit, Wis., and has beennamed in the 1958 edition of Who's Whoof American Women.Theodore D. Tieken, *29, JD '33, hasbeen made vice-president of Babson Brothers Co., dairy farm equipment producers,with offices in Chicago.Evangeline Rasmuson Atwood, AM'30, has recently organized the AlaskaWorld Affairs Council in Anchorage. Mrs.Atwood is one of thirteen alumni living inthe greater Anchorage area.Jesse Howell Atwood, PhD '30, is aprofessor of sociology at Knox College,Galesburg, 111.George F. James, '30, JD '32, associated with Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., acompany operating principally in the FarEast, has been elected a director of theSocony Mobil Oil Co. in New York. Before entering the oil industry as an authority on tax problems relating to Americanbusiness enterprises operating overseas,Mr. James was an associate professor oflaw and an assistant dean at the U of C.Jefferson Ward Keener, AM '30, ischief executive of B. F. Goodrich Co. inAkron, Ohio, one of the nation's largestindustries. Mr. Keener began his workwith industry when he taught business administration and economics at Ohio Wesleyan. He joined Goodrich in 1937 as aresearch analyst.31-40George D. Humphrey, MA '31, president of the University of Wyoming, waselected president of the Association ofAmerican Colleges at its national convention in Kansas City in January. Mr. Humphrey has been a member of the board ofdirectors of the Association since 1954.Before accepting the presidency of the University of Wyoming, Mr. Humphrey waspresident of Mississippi State College from1934-45.Dorothy Schye Betts, '33, teaches edu-27cation at a branch of Chicago TeachersCollege.Sherman W. Brown, PhD '33, professorof modern languages at Knox College inGalesburg, 111., is in charge of the newvisual-audio room at the Knox library.Elsie C. Logan, '33, is a retired teacher,living in Springfield, 111.Herman E. Ries, Jr., '33, PhD '36, achemist internationally known for his research on the chemistry of reactions whensolids, liquids, and gases meet, is a researchassociate at the Whiting research laboratories of Standard Oil Co., Indiana.Hance F. Haney, MD '34, is a professorof medicine at the U of Oregon. Reminiscing on some twenty odd years ago, Dr.Haney says that his twin boys were bornjust after he had finished a course inobstetrics and pediatrics.Robert W. Reneker, '34, was electeddirector of Swift and Co., meatpackers, atthe annual shareholders' meeting. Mr. Reneker, who lives in Chicago, has been avice-president of the company since 1955.Joseph J. Kwiat, '35, is an associateprofessor of English at the University ofMinnesota. An essay by Mr. Kwiat hasrecently been selected as one of three "outstanding and influential articles" in American literature, by the Modern Languageassociation. The essay, "Dreiser's 'TheGenius' and Everett Shinn, the 'Ash-Can'Painter" has been selected to appear in thegroup's journal of the past 75 years.Edwin L. Ramsey, Jr., '35, director ofthe new product division of the RexallDrug Co. in Los Angeles, has been electedvice-president in an expansion of his division. In his new position he will superviseoperations of the research and development RENEKER '34laboratories as well as marketing researchand packaging research for new products.Mrs. Ramsey, Sara Elizabeth Gwin, '35,is a member of the board of directors ofour Los Angeles Chicago Club.Charles Tyroler, II, '35, is the executive director of the Democratic AdvisoryCouncil in Washington, D. C.Zalman Goldsmith, '36, JD '38, livingin Aurora, 111., is a senior partner in theFind out what's newin corrugated boxes-to yourH&D Packaging EngineerC .- y-A HINDU DAUCHDivision of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company15 Factories • 42 Sales OfficesSandusky, Ohio CLARK '37law firm of Goldsmith and Dyer.James F. Bernard, '37, has moved fromTerre Haute, Ind. to Highland Park, 111.,where he is general sales manager of theplastics division of a company affiliatedwith Union Carbide Corp.Philip R. Clarke, Jr., '37, manager ofthe industrial department of LehmanBrothers, has been elected president of theChicago Committee on Alcoholism.James R. Ware, '37, has been promotedto second vice-president in the trust department of The Northern Trust Co., in Chicago. Mr. Ware lives in Evanston with hiswife and two children.Samuel P. Whiteside, '37, is the regional sales manager for Kaiser Aluminumand Chemical Sales, Inc. in Chicago.C. Gregg Geiger, '38, MBA '46, hasbeen named general sales manager of theDutch brand division of Johns-Manvilleindustrial tape firm in Chicago.Lyle M. Spencer, '38, was married toCatherine Mitcham Small on December 2.Mr. Spencer, a resident of Chicago, ispresident of Science Research Associates.Sharvy G. Umbeck, AM '38, PhD '40,president of Knox College, Galesburg, 111.,has been active in forming a new organization, Association of Colleges of the Midwest, whose initial financing comes fromthe Ford Foundation.Judson W* Allen, '39, writes fromCairo, Egypt, where he is treasurer of theUnited Presbyterian American Mission.Robert M. Borg, '39, SM '40, is secretary of Borg and Company, which specializes in agricultural chemicals. He and hiswife, the former Lillian Pilling, '33, andtheir two children live in West Suffield,Conn.Morris H. Cohen, '39, PhD '50, hasbeen named president of Clark U's chapterof Phi Beta Kappa in Worcester, Mass.Mr. Cohen is an associate professor of government at Clark.Carl S. Stanley, '40, of Kenilworth, 111-.was elected vice-president of the HarrisTrust and Savings Bank in Chicago, lastDecember. In addition to his other civicactivities, Carl is a member of our AlumniFoundation board of directors.John W. Busby, '40, '43, has been promoted to the position of engineering department head for search radar in thesurface armament division of Sperry Gyroscope Co., Great Neck, N. Y.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEo ryALLEN '46Eugene A. Luening, '40, has been installed as minister of the First UnitarianChurch of Memphis, Tenn.Donald E. Nelson, MD '40, has beenpracticing medicine in co-practice with hisrather, in Safford, Ariz., since 1941, andwelcomes any classmates that pass through.41-47William D. Burbanck, PhD '41, professor of biology at Emory University,Atlanta, Ga., has been named director ofa National Science Foundation grant for athree year continuation of a research project in marine ecology. The study will beconducted along the Atlantic and Gulfcoasts, and from Cape Cod, Mass. northinto Canada during the summer months.Mr. Burbanck's wife, the former MadelinePalmer, PhD '41, is the research assistantfor the project.Charles H. Percy, '41, president andchief executive officer of Bell and HowellCo., Chicago camera and photographyequipment manufacturers, has been appointed to the board of directors of theChase Manhattan Bank of New York. Inaddition to his business duties, Mr. Percyis president of the Republican Fund ofIllinois, a trustee of the University of Chicago and chairman of the board of theFund for Adult Education of the FordFoundation.Jack Silber, '41, SM '47, dean of arts,sciences, and mathematics at RooseveltUniversity in Chicago, was married to theformer Jane Chase in September.Randall W. Tucker, MBA '42, assistantprofessor of economics at Trinity College,Hartford, Conn., has been made associateprofessor, to take effect in September.Sam S. Fawley, '43, has been electedassistant cashier of the Harris Trust andSavings Bank in Chicago.John Hogness, '43, MD '46, has beenappointed medical director of the new hospital at the U of Washington.Robert C. Spencer, '43, AM '52, is thechairman of the department of politicalscience at St. Michaels College in Vermont,and was recently elected to the Vermontsuite senate on the Democratic ticket.. George Tressel, '43, who specializes ininstitutional and educational films, has successfully tried his hand at "an art film."The Sunny Rock," written by a Chicago - ^iRUBIN '47housewife, was accepted for showing bythe 1958 Edinburgh Film Festival, whichis considered to be one of the highest honors which a 16 millimeter film may receive.This film is an experiment in filmed poetry;through the use of art and animation, thereminiscences of a little girl's joy and terrorand a sentimental stream of consciousnessevolve.Robert L. Woodridge, SM '43, and hiswife, the former Eva Miller, '45, left LakeBluff, 111., where Bob had been director ofUnit Number 4 of the Naval Medical Research department, to set up an immunology lab in Formosa, Unit Number 2.Craig B. Leman, '44, and his wife, theformer Nancy Farwell, MA '46, live inCorvallis, Ore., where Dr. Leman is chiefsurgeon at the clinic there.Nancy Warner, '44, MD '49, has, withF. Lamont Jennings, taken over responsibility for the Billings Clinical PathologyLab which was formerly directed by Dr.Eleanor Humphreys. Dr. Warner was formerly on the staff of Cedars of LebanonHospital in Los Angeles, where she wasalso active in alumni student enrollmentwork.Helen I. Greene, PhD '45, is a professorof social science and history at GeorgiaState College for Women, Milledgeville.Milton J. Allen, '46, is the director ofthe physical research laboratories of CIBAPharmaceutical Products, Inc. in Summit,N. J. Mr. Allen is on a lecture tour of Indiaand Japan, presently, where he is speakingon electro-chemistry.Herbert C. Madison, '46, MA '48, writing to us from Washington, D. C, is leaving for Accra, Ghana, where he will becultural affairs officer for the U.S. Information Agency.Alden Matthews, '46 is a career missionary of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He hasspent the last 9 months on a furlough inthis country with his wife and three daughters, and is now returning to Tsurukawa,Japan, where he is vice-president of theNational Christian Rural Service and Training Center.Babette Casper Bloch, '47, '49, announces the birth of a birth of a daughter,Elisabeth Renee. The Blochs live in SanFrancisco.H. Robert Gemmer, '47, director of thesocial welfare department of the Cleveland Wasson - PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBEST B01LERREPAIR& WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SEBVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoBOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6-3192CHICAGO ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 . WA 2-4561LOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESROBERT B SHAPIRO, '33, FOUNDERMARCH, 1959Church Federation, had a sermon on "Winning the Real Struggle" (sans atomicbombs) printed in the Congressional Record on the motion of Senator Hubert H.Humphrey of Minnesota. Formerly pastorof the First Church of the Brethren, Mr.Gemmer, has also been chairman of theCleveland alumni club.Meyer Rubin, '47, SM '49 PhD '56 isa geologist with the geochemistry and petrology branch of the Geological Survey,and a member of the Geological Society ofWashington. Residing in Vienna, Va., herecently received one of the five awardsgiven by the Washington Academy of Sciences for "outstanding scientific achievement." His investigations have been withthe "carbon 14" or "atomic clock" methodof dating organic remains. Based on theobservation that radioactive carbon (whichis constantly manufactured from nitrogenin the atmosphere through cosmic raybombardment) is assimilated as carbondioxide by living things, this method provides a known percentage of "taggedatoms" whose stage of decay can bechecked to determine, somewhat, how longago a given plant or animal lived. This isa modification of the technique originallydeveloped by Willard F. Libby, professorin the department of chemistry and theEnrico Fermi Institute at the U of C, currently on leave of absence to work with theAtomic Energy Commission.Wilbert C. Weigel, '47, MBA '49 andhis wife announce the birth of their fourthchild, Joseph Charles, born on January 20in Chicago.Fred W. Schueler, PhD '47, is chairman and a professor in the department ofpharmacology at Tulane University'sSchool of Medicine in New Orleans. Herecently returned from a consultant tour of Colombia; the highlight he mentions ofthe trip was a visit to Army hospital installations in the jungle area of the AmazonRiver valley. He also comments that heexchanged cigars and candy for a blowpipeand darts with the chief of a village on theRio Negro river.48-53Elaine Kuhiansky Gutstadt, AM '48,lives in San Rafael, Calif., where her husband is practicing psychiatry.Sophronia Nickolaon, '48, is marriedto Anthony Tomaras. They live in Oakland, Calif., where her husband is assistantpastor of the Greek Orthodox Church ofthe Assumption. Their daughter, Irene, wasborn 18 months ago while they were livingin Athens, Greece..William A- Pryor, '48, '51, writes:"There is a celi of U of C people" at theCalifornia Research Corp. in the Richmondbay area. Everett Clippinger, '49 SM '51,Seymour J. Lapporte, SM '53, and LeeBrunckhorst, '57, are all in the exploratory chemicals research group. Clippingerteaches elementary chemistry and Pryorteaches organic chemistry and high polymer chemistry in the science extension atBerkeley. Pryor also works with KPFA-FMon their "Jazz Today" program. StatesPryor: "Every now and then this headyband of zealots gets together for a glassof beer, a chemistry seminar, or an old-fashioned U of C hoedown."Frank Sciberling, PhD '48, a professorof art history at Ohio State University, hasbeen appointed professor and head of theart department at the State University ofIowa.Watts S. Humphrey, Jr., '49, MBA '50, is the author of a recent book publishedby McGraw-Hill Co., Switching Circuits.Mr. Watts is a manager of the computeradvanced development data processinglaboratory of Sylvania Electric Products,Inc., and an instructor at Northeastern Boston.Jerald E. Jackson, JD '49, has beenmade a partner in the law firm of LeForgee, Samuels, Miller, Schroeder andJackson in Decatur, 111.Iona Wjshner Levenfeld, '49, AM '51,lives in Highland Park with her husbandand two sons; prior to this move, she taughtat the Laboratory School of the U of C.Joseph W. Redding, MBA '49, hasbeen promoted to the position of directorof systems, procedures, and machine operations in the general offices of Standard Oilof Indiana.Zane Spiegel, '49, SM '52 is teachinggeology and hydrology at the UniversitadNacional de San Agustin, Arequipa, Peru;and also studying the relation betweenground water and surface water in the areaon a Fulbright award.Charles E. Bidwell, '50, AM '53, PhD'56, recently discharged from the Army,married the former Helen Claxton Lewisin January. Mr. Bidwell is a lecturer onsocial relations and a research sociologistto the university health services at HarvardUniversity. Among his activities in thisnew post, he will study factors affectingthe socio-psychological functioning ofHarvard undergraduates. In this project,Mr. Bidwell states that he will be workingwith David Riesman, former professor ofsociology at the TJ of C.Martin Brickman, '50, of Albany, N.Y.was married to Barbara Leff in May, andwrites that they are "in the process ofstarting a family."©©©©©©©©©©©©©© SPECIAL REPORTMr- TOM FL0URN0Y, JR., C.L.U. NEW YORK LIFE AGENTdt- MACON, GEORGIABORN: March 18, 1917.EDUCATION: Mercer University, A.B., 1938.MILITARY: U. S. Army, April 1945 — September 1946.REMARKS: Tom Flournoy was twenty-one years old whenhe took his first full-time job as a New York Life representative with the Macon General Office. Right fromthe start, Tom's initiative, ability and engaging personality helped him qualifyfor the Company's Top Club and President's Council — honorary organizationscomposed of sales leaders among New York Life's representatives. In fact, for1958, he ranked third in sales in these organizations. In addition, he is a Lifeand Qualifying member of the industry-wide Million Dollar Round Table. TomFlournoy 's outstanding record plus his active interest in his community's affairstruly exemplify why the New York Life agent is a good man to know — and to be!N0 Tom Flournoy is now well established in acareer as a New York Life representative thatis providing him with security, substantial income and the deep satisfaction of helpingothers. If you'd like to know more about such a career for yourself with one of the world'sleading insurance companies, write:NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO.College Relations Dept. M-51 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N.Y.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDavid K. Hardin, MBA '50, formerlyvice-president of Market Facts, Inc., amarket research firm in Chicago, has beennamed executive vice-president.Tsung Dao Lee, PhD '50, and ChenNing Yang, PhD '48, teamed up to winthe coveted Nobel prize for physics in1957. Lee, a native of Shanghai, neverreceived a bachelor's or a master's degree,but worked towards his doctorate at theU of C under the late Enrico Fermi andother nuclear scientists. He is now a fullprofessor at the Institute for AdvancedStudy at Princeton; Chen Ning Yang isalso at the Institute now. In recalling thesteps that led to their recognition for disproving the "principle of the conservationof parity," Lee says that most of the discussions took place in two Chinese res*taurants in New York.Hideo S. Onoda, AM '50, a recentgraduate of the John Marshall Law School,has passed the Illinois Bar Examination.Richard L. Wisowaty, '50, lives withhis wife and three children in Concord,Calif. Richard teaches; he had a GeneralElectric mathematics fellowship at Stanford last summer.WJllard H. Beattie, '51, MS '54, wasawarded a PhD at the University of Minnesota in December.Karl Frank, PhD '51, is a member ofthe six-man team of American scientistspresently surveying the status of neurologyin the Soviet Union. Dr. Frank is chief ofthe section on spinal cord of the Laboratory of Neurophysiology, at the Bethesda,Md., National Institutes of Health, and amember of the American Academy ofNeurology.Dorothea Elmer Brown, '52, has movedfrom Park Forest to Deerfield, 111.; herhusband, Dave, is the new area managerfor Socony Mobil Oil Co., in the northChicago district.Maurice F. X. Donohue, '52, Dean ofour Down Town College, has been namedan honorary member of the faculty of theU.S. Army Management School in FortBelvoir, Va.Rita Levinthal Love, AM '52, announces the birth of a son in Chicagolast February.Patrick A. Ragen, MD '52, receivedan MS in medicine from the Universityof Minnesota in December. Dr. Ragenhas completed a fellowship in medicine atthe Mayo Foundation in Rochester, Minn.Melvin E. Salveson, PhD '52, has beenelected president of The Institute of Management Sciences for 1959, in New Canaan,Conn. The Institute is an internationalsociety whose purpose is "to identify, extend and unify the sciences pertaining tomanagement." Mr. Salveson is also president of The Center for Advanced Management, Inc., in New Canaan.Herman B. Weissman, '52, has received a PhD in physics from the IllinoisInstitute of Technology, and is currentlyan assistant professor at the University of111.Mario Baur, '53, MS '55, has completedwork for a PhD in chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and isspending a year of post-doctoral researchat the Institute for Theoretical Physics atUtrecht, the Netherlands, on a NationalScience Foundation Fellowship.Philip S. Haring, AM '53, PhD '54,assistant professor of political science atKnox College, Galesburg, 111., has beenelected a governing member of the boardof the Library of International Relationsm Chicago.George H. Sorter, '53, MBA '55, assistant professor in the School of Business at the U of C, spoke before the annualmeeting of the National Association of Investment Clubs. His subject: "How to getthe most out of a financial report"; hisbackground material came mostly from thereports at Alumni headquarters, whereGeorge worked part time as a studenthandling the Association's accounts. He iscurrently writing a book on the analysisof financial statements.Ilene Spack Weinreb, MA '53, andher husband, Marv, MD '53, live in Hayward, Calif., where Marv is in his secondyear of dermatology practice. Ilene is asponsor of a Health Career Club. Theyhave two daughters, one 5, and the other 3.54-58This announcement appeared in a recentChicago Maroon in the personal column:"Births: Carolyn Jeanne, another redhead,to the Rev. & Mrs. Jack Burbach, Nov. 20at College Corner, Ohio." Mother is JoySmjth Burbach, '54, AM '56, 2l formerMaroon editor; dad, with an A.B. '54, fromthe College and a D.B. '58, from ChicagoTheological Seminary is the minister of thePresbyterian Church at College Corner.Betty Freed, '54, was married to WalterGoldstein, '54, on December 14. Theirhome is in New York City.Jeanette Goedeke, '54, has been commissioned a deaconess by the MethodistBoard of Missions at Buck Hill Falls, their annual meeting in January.Lt. Col. Arthur L. Stevens, Jr., MBA'54, has been appointed chief of the towand target systems, in the project office ofthe Deputy for Air Defense in Dayton,Ohio. He also announces the birth of a son.John Anderson, PhD '55, who has beenwith the Mellon Institute, is a new appointee on the faculty of the U of Pittsburgh's division of natural sciences.Peter S. Bauchwitz, PhD '56, was married to the former Maria Helena Palmeiraon January 2 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.They will live in Louisville, Kentucky.The Paul Bergers, AM '56, of Chicago,are the parents of a daughter, Jessica, bornthis fall.Barbara Klein Pollock, '56, and herhusband, Marvin, JD '56, have moved toNew York City from the Hyde Park area.Marvin is working for a law firm there;the Pollacks also announce the birth of adaughter, Deburah Judith on September 12.Frederick L. Merrill, MBA '57 andCurtis E. Skinner, MBA '58, have beenelected assistant cashiers in the bankingdepartment of The Northern Trust Co.,Chicago.Mary Kelly Mullane, PhD '57, has beenappointed dean of the State Universityof Iowa college of nursing and a professorof nursing. This appointment is effectivenext July 1. Mrs. Mullane was namedDetroit "Nurse of the Year" in 1958.Sandra Ford, '58, a research assistantfor the Institute for Psychoanalysis inChicago, was married to Clarence Powellin September.Charles J. Gouse, '58, is a high schoolteacher in Utica, N.Y.Donald M. Greer, '58, is a first yearmedical student at the U of Cincinnati.Brijen K. Gupta, PhD '58, has beenappointed visiting lecturer in Asian Studiesat the U of Southern Illinois. Mr. Guptaheld a University Fellowship and an AsianFoundation Fellowship while at the U of C.James P. Neal, MBA, '58 former administrator of Wheatley Provident Hospitalin Kansas City, Mo., has been appointedadministrator of The Community Hospitalof Evanston, 111. PhoneThe : REgent 1-331 1Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINC. Co.Awnings and Canopies far All Purposes1142 E. 82nd Street7^e Sxcttttive &lea*tenA>We operate our own dry cleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St.Ml dway 3-06021442 East 57th Street 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.NOrmal 7-9858Midway 3-0608PARKER-HOLSMAN/r'e'a'l't'o'r'sVReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525Since 1865ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at37 South Wabash Ave.Chicago 3, III.T. A. REHNQU1ST CO SidewalksFactory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180FREE VITAMINS!In order to introduce you to our top-quality 20-element vitamin -mineral foodsupplement, we will send you A FULLMONTH'S TRIAL SUPPLY absolutelyFREE — no strings attached! Just sendthis ad with 25c coin or stamps to helpcover shipping expenses. UNCONDITIONALLY GUARANTEED. Sorry— thisoffer limited to those who have notpreviously ordered trial supply. Only oneto a customer.MacNeal & Dashnau(AM '52, U. of Chicago)P.O. Box 3651, Dept. C-4, Phila. 25, Pa.MARCH, 1959 31MewortafPomona College in Claremont, Calif.recently dedicated a new science building,the Robert A. Millikan Laboratory forphysics, mathematics and astronomy. Thelate Dr. Millikan, '94, will be rememberedby many of his former University of Chicago students.Ernest E. Irons, '00, MD '03, PhD '12,dean of Rush Medical College at the U ofC from 1923-36, died on January 18 inChicago. Dr. Irons had been president ofthe Chicago Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium at the time of his death. A pastpresident of the American Medical Association, he had been honored by the University of California Medical School in1946 as the nation's outstanding physician,cited for public service by our Alumni Citation in 1941, and the recipient of theChicago medal of merit in 1958 for hiscontributions to the city. The first annualTuberculosis Institute honored him lastyear for outstanding work in the field.His two sons, Dr. Edward N., '36 andSpencer E., '38, are Chicago alumni.Lewis Lee Losey, '00, a lawyer in Chicago and senior warden of the Trinity Episcopal Church, died in January in Chicago.James F. Hosic, '01, '02, died at hishome in Winter Park, Fla., on January 13.John R. Barber, MD Rush '02, died inSeptember. Notice came to us from hisdaughter of Santa Cruz, Calif.J. Albert Schultz, MD Rush '02, died inAlbert Lea, Minn, on October 31.George M. Anderson, MD Rush '03,died in May, at his home in Cheyenne,Wyoming.James H. Christensen, '08, JD '09, diedin Massillon, Ohio, in January.Aurelio M. Espinosa, PhD '09, died inStanford, Calif, in September.Catherine Winslow, '10, a resident ofKalamazoo, Mich., died at her home thereon January 20.Frederick Holmes, '13, who had beenpresident of Ducan Electric ManufacturingCo., died at his home in Lafayette, Ind. onJanuary 16, 1958. He bequeathed approximately $32,000 of his estate to the University to be used at the discretion of Dr.Charles Huggins.Anne J. Chapman, '15, a resident ofOxford, Ohio, until her death in April,1958, bequeathed $1,000 to the Universityto be added to one of the scholarship funds.Miss Chapman had been on the staff of theDayton Art Institute, prior to her retirement.Ada Shaul Major, '15, died on August 2,1958, in Chicago.Agnes Hazen Graham, '16, formerly ofChardon, Ohio, who died on August 29, 1958, left an unrestricted gift of $1,000 tothe University.Lee Roy Woodward, MD Rush '17,died in Mason City, la., on December 9.Horatio R. Rogers, '22, died in Octoberin Washington, D. C.Arthur J. Fox, '24, died on October 17in Menomonie, Wis.Benjamjn H. Kell, AM '25, had been aPresbyterian minister at the time of hisdeath in June in Lowell, Ind.Seymour Berkson, '26, publisher of theNew York Journal American, died of aheart attack on January 4, in San Francisco while on a business trip. He was aformer general manager of InternationalNews Service before it was merged withUnited Press. Mr. Berkson Jbegan his newspaper career as a reporter on the oldChicago Herald and ExaminerHenriette Cohn Warner, '27, who diedon April 14, 1957 in Chicago, left a bequest of $500« to the University's School ofSocial Service Administration.Ethelbert C. Woodburn, AM '28, diedon June 14 at his home in Spearfish, S. D.Margaret Harrison Artman, '29, diedin November in Chicago. At the time ofher death, Mrs. Artman had been a staffengineer at the Illinois Bell Telephone Co.,where she had been employed for 29 years.Robert Leo Stern, '29, MD Rush '34,a specialist in internal medicine and a staffmember of the Cedars of Lebanon and Mt.Sinai Hospitals in Los Angeles, died inDecember in Beverly Hills, Calif.Caroline Pierce Bunge, '30, died onNovember 7 at her home in Aurora, 111.Edward C. Colin, PhD '30, died in Chicago on October 23. At the time of hisdeath, Mr. Colin had been a visiting lecturer at Eastern Illinois University andShimer College in Mt. Carroll, 111. He hadbeen chairman of the natural sciences department at Chicago Teachers College untilhis retirement in 1955.Harold Bowers, PhD '33, died at hishome in Dayton, Ohio in November. Wereceived news of this from S. ForrestBowers, LLB '24, a brother of the deceased. The late Mr. Bowers had beenchairman of the Alumni Fund Drive forthe Dayton area last year, and according tohis wife, "raised more money for the fund,than had ever been raised before in Dayton." At the time of his death, Mr. Bowershad been a research chemist in the aeronautical research laboratory of the WrightAir Development Center.Helen M. MacKrill, '35, died last Juneat her home in Portland, Ore.Lavinja Ross McGee, '43, died in October at her home in Los Angeles, Calif.James M. Terrell, '48, died in November, at his home in Des Moines, la.Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H. Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4 GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186Photopress| INCORPORATEDFine Color Work • Quality Book ReproductionCongress St Expressway at Gardner RoadBroadview, Illinois COIumbus 1-1420SHERRY HOTEL53rd Street At The Lake ...Complete Facilities ForConference Groups — ConventionsBanquets — DancesCall Catering FAirfax 4-1000Free Parking for Our Guests!MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica -Exacta - Rolleif lex -Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model SuppliesYOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S ,A product -I Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-740032 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE. . . a hand in things to comeProbing the atom . . . for youThe boundless energy of the uranium atom means a brighter futureEvery day brings the benefits of atomic energy closer to ourdaily living. It presents a whole new field of exploration for scientists allover the world.A longer, healthier life is hopefully ahead as radiation is helping doctors learn more about the basic processes of life by revealing howcertain elements are put to work by the body. The controlled rays of theatom are also being used to pin-point malignant tissues for subsequent treatment. And radiation studies of how plants absorb nutrition from sun andsoil are showing the way to improved food supplies.These are but a few of the vital jobs being done by radioisotopes-radioactive materials created in atomic reactors at Oak Ridge, Tennessee• • • the great atomic energy center operated by Union Carbide for the U. S.Atomic Energy Commission. The people of Union Carbide will continuetheir pioneering research in atomic energy -and in the vital fields of alloys,carbons, chemicals, gases and plastics— to bring you a brighter future. Learn more about the exciting work now going on inatomic energy. Send for theillustrated booklet, "TheAtom in Our Hands." UnionCarbide Corporation, 30 East42nd Street, NewYork 17, N.Y.In Canada, Union CarbideCanada Limited, Toronto.. . . a, liancLin things to comeSpecial invitation to Chicago alumniThe Irish Players are being brought toMandel Hall from their Off-Broadway theatrefor one week beginning March 17th.This will be their only Chicago appearance.They are being sponsored by our University Theatre.Your Alumni Association has "bought the house" forOPENING NIGHT (St. Patrick's Day)for Chicago alumni and their friends.A benefit for student activities.The Irish Players will presentThe Playboy of the Western World.Curtain at 8:30 P.M.All seats reserved.We recommend early reservationsTickets $4.00 — Main Floor center and front center balcony$3.00— All other seatsMail your orders toThe Alumni Association5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisFor further information telephone the Alumni OfficeMI dway 3-0800, Extension 3243Another change-of-pace midwinter Chicago reunion. Meet your friends beforeor after the show in the Reynolds Club lounges.