p[IANUARY 1959TTSojElkvyiplllNow in a single policy . . .Life Insurance for the Whole FamilyMassachusetts Mutual's new Family Plancombines in an economical all-in-onepolicy, life insurance for Dad, Mother andthe children. And it automatically covers,at no extra cost, children born or legallyadopted later.7/ covers you, Dad. You receive permanentlife insurance with regular cash and loan values.Should anything happen to you, your family willreceive the amount of your protection. In addition, the insurance on your wife and childrenwill continue as originally planned, without further premium payments.It covers your wife. She receives insuranceup to half the amount on your own life, $10,000maximum, continuing to the age you select. It covers your children. Each child from 6months to 18 years old is insured until age 25for half of your wife's coverage, up to $5,000.Babies from 14 days until 6 months of age arecovered for lesser amounts. As each childreaches 25, he can take an individual policy foras much as five times the Family Plan insuranceon his life . . . regardless of his health at thetime. This can be important.New Convenience. Just one premium paymentwill cover your whole family's insurance . . .makes keeping records so easy. And this newFamily Plan is economical, too — gives you all-in-one protection at a low premium rate. Askyour Massachusetts Mutual man about it. Or callour General Agent listed under MassachusettsMutual in your phone book.Massachusetts Mutual¥.1 I?E I IW S UJ1.A1W C Tl €3 O >I 3PAWYORGANIZED 1851 SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTSSome of the Chicago U. alumni in Massachusetts Mutual service:Chester A. Schipplock, '27, Chicago Petro Lewis Patras, '40, ChicagoMorris Landwirth, '28, Peoria Theodore E. Knock, '41, ChicagoTrevor D. Weiss, '35, Chicago Jacob E. Way, '50, Chicago Thomas M. Winston, '55, ChicagoJesse J. Simoson, BuffaloJtemo Padl HAD TO go to New York anyway. SoI scheduled the trip to coincide with ourNew York Club's "United Nations Reception and Cocktail Party" in the U. N.building on November 20th. I was gladI went. This was the most impressive andsuccessful program the Club has stagedin a generation— with some 500 alumniand guests.The U. N. staff were perfect hosts fromtours to reception. At the long registrationdesk eight attractive young ladies werekept busy from 4:30 P. M. on. Theywere borrowed private secretaries of Clubofficers and our own Miss Lee Daley fromour New York office.Beginning at 4:30 P. M., tours leftfrom the registration area oftener thanGrand Central commuter trains at therush hour.Cocktails, with hot and cold horsd'oeuvres, were served in the huge, deep-carpeted Delegates' Dining Room. Hostswere U. N. top personnel, mostly Chicago alumni. Working my way throughthe crowd I visited four trustees and theirwives and scores of alumni I hadn't seensince my Reynolds Club days before 1941.There were groups from as far away asAlbany, Hartford, and Providence.The program at 6:30 P. M. in the Trusteeship Council Chamber was the verybest. Henry T. Sulcer, president of theClub, introduced Andrew W. Cordier,AM'23, PhD'26, who presided with aninformal ease and comfortable charm. Heis the effective Executive Assistant to theSecretary General.Dr. Cordier paid warm compliments tohis two-degree Alma Mater before introducing a fellow alumnus, John McDiar-mid, PhD'36. Dr. McDiarmid is directorof office personnel— some 1250 people ofJ4 nationalities. He described this taken-for-granted operation.Dr. Ralph Bunche, Undersecretary forSpecial Political Affairs, was cordial andclever. He referred to the "Chicago invasion almost to the point of infiltration—which we like." He added that he wasn'tfortunate enough to have attended Chicagohut was daily associated with many Chi-JANUARY, 1959 Dag Hammarskjold greets Chicago alumniin the Trusteeship Council Chamberscago alumni and impressed with theirability. He spoke about his work briefly—because everyone, including himself,"would soon be hungry."Dr. Dag Hammarskjold, Secretary General, whom Dr. Cordier introduced as "myboss," received a standing ovation beforehe gave a perspective of how he and theU.N. worked. All speakers remained for questionswhich they handled with gentle tact andsubtle humor.It was an informal, warm program withspeakers calling each other by first namesand the guests enjoying every minute of thereunion on the East River.Turn page for more picturesAlumnus CordierpresidedU.N. continued Dag Hammarskjoldreceived standing ovationRalph Bunche"we like the infiltration"Apropos of Teddy Linn(November Memo Pad)T^ROM Elizabeth Wallace, ProfessorEmeritus, Romance Lanuage and Literature, came this note:A short time ago I met Miss Jessie KayLamb ['33], a former pupil of Mr. Linn.She told me of her experiences in trying toregister in his course of English. Her storywas so characteristic of him ... I beggedher to write out her reminiscence and hereit is.Miss Lamb's story:When I enrolled at the University in1926 I wanted a course with the popularTeddy Linn.I was early the morning classes openedand I sat on a front seat. The room filleduntil many were standing by the time Mr.Linn came. He stormed, "There are toomany in here. I grade all my own papersso some of you have to go. Has everyonehad 101, 103, 105, and 107? If not, theseare prerequisites so get out!"No one moved. He exploded, "You can'tall stay. Surely all of you have not had101, 103, 105, and 107."I didn't know what these mystic numbers meant but I felt secure. SuddenlyMr. Linn pointed at me and said, "Have you had 101, 103, 105, and 107?"I stammered, "Dean Link said . . ."He howled, "Have you or have you nothad 101, 103, 105, and 107?"Again I started to explain that I hadthe equivalent, but he interrupted, "Myprerequisites are 101, 103, 105, and 107.Get out of here."I went crying to Dean Link [my advisor] but she told me he was so popularthat he had to have limitations. She said itwould be worth my while to take his prerequisites.Though I had little money and wasworking my way entirely, I set out totake 101, 103, 105, and 107.It was five years later that I again wentto a class room to try for a course withthe now more popular Teddy Linn. Thistime I sat in the back. Friends had told methat he didn't really like women studentsand especially older ones. By this timeI was not coed age but I decided I couldsign my first two initials and he mightnever discover I was hiding in the backof the room.After he had sent out a few he announced, "Well, I'll get rid of more ofyou. By tomorrow, read volumes by Carlyleand write a paper criticizing him . . ."By next morning I had a paper ready:An Undergraduate Dares to Disagree withCarlyle on Labor. Two days later Mr. Linn swept intothe room. He began, "I've waded throughall these papers. Today I'm going to dosomething I've never done before. I'mgoing to read a manuscript handed melast Tuesday. This is written by a youngman in this class who evidently is studyingto be a lawyer, evidently working his wayin college whom I predict will go far. Igive very few A's but this paper gets anA." He read An Undergraduate Dares etc.I was frightened but felt safe in myanonymity in the back of the room. Here-read the last paragraph, laid it down andpicked up his notes. Suddenly he threwdown his notes and said, "I want to meetthis young man . . . Will Mr. J. K. Lambplease come forward!"I was petrified. I started down the aisle.A hundred laughs burst forth. At last Iarrived at the feet of Mr. Linn. He leanedover his stand and yelled, "Who are youand whur are ye frum?" He often lapsedinto the vernacular. "I'm a pore farmersdaughter from Southern Indiany," I said,"and I'm the author of that there paper.With one leap Mr. Linn jumped fromthe platform to my side. He waved onehand at the room: "Class dismissed." Heput his other hand on my shoulder andsaid, "Can you walk home with me?"H. W. M.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfnDits [sssueA year ago this January issue, themagazine reported in an article byProfessor Oscar Broneer on the progressof the excavations he has been conducting in the Isthmus of Corinth. Inan area where archeologists have longsought the Temple of Poseidon, theUniversity, the Bollingen Foundationand other sources have been sponsoringMr. Broneer's efforts since 1952.Discoveries at a site 55 miles westof Athens have included the Temple ofPoseidon and the Temple of Palaimon.Located in farming country, the landon which these temples were locatedhas been acquired and in the nextcampaign, Mr. Broneer hopes to complete these excavations. Other finds include temples of Demeter and Kore,Artemis and Dionysus.In his article last January, Mr.Broneer described the excavation of anearly stadium and the discovery of astrange "starting gate" for foot racers.Located near the temple of Poseidon,the stadium was probably used in theIsthmian games, a minor version of thefamed Olympics. They were held everyyear in honor of the young hero Palaimon.In the fifteen years prior to the War,Mr. Broneer was at the American Schoolof Classical Studies in Athens, whichsponsored the first three University ofChicago expeditions in the area. Hethen spent a year at the Institute forAdvanced Study, and from 1942 to1946 worked in war relief operations.Mr. Broneer has been at the Universitysince 1948. UNIVERSITYJANUARY, 1959MAGAZINE Volume 51, Number 4FEATURES5 The Decline of Democratic GovernmentHans J. MorgenthauAnd a White CadillacMargaret Burnett StrozierGods and Games on the Corinthian Isthmus IIOscar T. Broneer17 Mark Hopkins and the Masses912DEPARTMENTS1 Memo Pad3 In This Issue18 News of the Quadrangles21 Books by Alumni and Faculty22 Class News32 MemorialCOVERFreshman Rona Mae Adler from New York City photographed withsecond-year student Peter Petula in the reception center of theNew Residence Hall, located just behind Ida Noyes Hall.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois Midway 3-0800, Ext. 3243Editor, MARJORIE BURKHARDTTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Director- EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORANProgrammingELIZABETH SHAW BOBRINSKOYThe Alumni FundFLORENCE I. MEDOW Eastern OfficeCLARENCE A. PETERS, DirectorRoom 22, 3 I E. 39th StreetNew York 17, N. Y.MUrray Hill 3-1518Western OfficeMARY LEEMAN, DirectorRoom 322, 717 Market StreetSan Francisco 3, Cal.EXbrook 2-0925Los Angeles BranchMRS. MARIE STEPHENSI 195 Charles St., Pasadena 3S Yea more 3-4545Published monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.JANUARY, 1959 3HANS J. MORGENTHAUProfessor of Political ScienceThe University of ChicagoTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Decline of Democratic Government"It sometimes happens thathe who would not hurt a flywill hurt a nation"By Hans J. MorgenthauDEMOCRATIC government in theUnited States has declined byvirtue of three basic misunderstandings:misunderstanding of the nature ofpolitics, of the purposes of governmentin a revolutionary age, of the functionof government in a democracy. Thesemisunderstandings have corrupted ourpolitical judgment and perverted ouractions with a subtle yet well-nigh irresistible logic.Under the impact of nineteenth-century liberalism, Anglo-American societyhas been strongly influenced, and attimes dominated, by a philosophy thatdenies politics a prominent and honorable place in the order of things.Politics as a conflict of interest decidedthrough a struggle for power is hereregarded as an ephemeral phenomenon,a kind of residue of either aristocraticor capitalistic society, for the time beingto be pushed into a corner fenced off byconstitutional safeguards and ultimatelyto be abolished altogether.The corollary to this conception ofpolitics as a passing and inferior phaseof social life is the erection of theprivate virtues as the sole standard bywhich the qualities of both private andpublic action and the qualifications ofboth private and public persons are toFrom the book, Dilemmas of Politics, byHans J. Morgenthau; published, 1958, byUniversity of Chicago Press.JANUARY, 1959 be judged. This philosophy necessarilydestroys the tension between theprivate and the public sphere, betweenman per se and man as a citizen, whichhas been a perennial theme of Westernpolitical thought. For that philosophy,Aristotle's question of whether the virtue of a good man is identical with thevirtue of a good citizen is meaningless,for here the virtue of a good man andof a good citizen are by definitionidentical.66 At least an Honest Man'This philosophy is translated into thefolklore of American politics as the conviction that the main qualification fora political career is personal honesty. Apolitician may be wrongheaded in judgment, weak in decision, unsuccessful inaction. "But don't you see how sincerehe is," people will say. "He is at leastan honest man." "He means well." Theman in the street transfers the valueshe cherishes in his private life to thepolitical stage and judges the actorsby the same standards he applies tohimself and his fellows in their privatespheres.The values of the Eisenhower administration, both in verbal expressionand in the character of its most prominent members, conform to these popular standards, and its virtually unshakable popularity owes much to thisidentity of political standards. ThePresident, with characteristic franknessand consistency, has time and againmeasured his public actions by theyardstick of private values and expressed his conviction that since he didnot find these public actions wanting,when tested by the values of private life, they had passed the political testas well. He summarized his philosophyin his news conference of August 8,1957, in these terms:"I, as you know, never employthreats. I never try to hold up clubs ofany kind, I just say, 'this is what Ibelieve to be best for the United States,'and I try to convince people by thelogic of my position. If that is wrongpolitically, well then I suppose you willjust have to say I am wrong, but thatis my method, and that is what I try todo."The public sphere appears here as amere extension of private life, devoidof those conflicts of interests to besettled by contest of power, by employing threats and holding up clubs-methods which are traditionally associated with politics— and subject to thesame rational rules of conduct whichare supposed to make the private sphereorderly, peaceful, and harmonious.When the President was asked at hisnews conference of July 31, 1957, aboutthe circumstances under which Mr.Gluck was appointed ambassador toCeylon, he replied with indignation,"... in the first place, if anybody is everrecommended to me on the basis ofany contribution he has ever made toany political party, that man will neverbe considered. I never heard it mentioned to me as a consideration, and Idon't take it very kindly as suggestingI would be influenced by such things."Here again, the issue was seen in strictly private terms. The issue for thePresident hinged exclusively upon hispersonal knowledge of a campaign contribution, and since he had no suchknowledge, there was no issue. In thisphilosophy there is no room for the5recognition of an objective conflict ofinterest to which the state of the conscience of any single individual maywell be irrelevant.A philosophy alien to PoliticsIt stands to reason that Mr. GeorgeHumphrey's philosophy of governmentis simply the application of the allegedprinciples of private business to thepolitical sphere. And for Mr. CharlesWilson national defense was a problemof production and organization withinthe limits of sound finance as definedby Mr. Humphrey, completely divorcedfrom any meaningful political context.Of the many of Mr. Wilson's statementsshowing a complete unawareness ofthis political context, none is perhapsmore revealing than the one he madeJune 29, 1956, as a witness before theSenate Armed Services Subcommitteeon Air Power:The Russian people, the ones that Ihave known through the years, have agreat many qualities that Americans have.As a matter of fact, basically I think thatthe Russian people rather like Americans.It is too bad that we have got this conflict of ideology and that they have got adictatorship on their hands. They wantedto get rid of the czar and they got something that is just as bad or worse, temporarily.It is very interesting. One of the troubles, they think of our type of free competitive society as the same thing they hadunder the czars, and of course it is notthat thing at all. They have replaced inwhat you might call their point of hate.It is too bad they did away with czarscompletely. If some of them were stillleft in one piece of Russia so they couldhate czars, they would not be hating ourpeople so much.A defense establishment which is intended to cope with an internationalsituation thus conceived in terms of private emotions is likely to be differentfrom one that seeks to defend the national interest in a world of conflictinginterests and competing power.Not only have the dominant membersof the Eisenhower administration expressed themselves and acted in termsof a philosophy alien to politics, butmany of them have also been selectedin view of their excellence as privatecitizens, on the assumption that thequalities which go into the making of agood man and, more particularly, of agood businessman, go also into themaking of a good statesman. Indeed,many selections have been excellentwithin the limits of the standards applied. Certainly, men like Eisenhower,Benson, Humphrey, and Wilson aresuperior in private excellence to manyof their respective predecessors. Butthese excellent men have in all in nocence done greater damage to thepolitical life and the political interestsof the nation than many of their lessworthy predecessors; for they havebrought to their public offices nothingbut personal excellence, no understanding of political life, let alone ability tocope with the processes of politics.The experience of this contrastbetween personal excellence and, moreparticularly, success in business andfailure in politics is by no means limitedto this administration nor even to thiscountry. Look at the records of Baldwinand Chamberlain in Great Britain, ofCuno and Bruning ih Germany! Theywere all good men, and how ruinoustheir governments were for theirrespective nations!In this country it is particularly illuminating to compare the virtually uniform political failure of the productiongeniuses with the spectacular politicalsuccesses of the investment bankers.Why is it that the Knudsens and theWilsons have failed and the Forrestals,the Lovetts, the Nitzes have succeeded?Because the excellence of the investment banker is, as it were, akin to thatof the statesman while the excellence ofthe production genius is alien to it.A good man who becomes an actoron the political scene without knowinganything about the rules of politics islike a good man who goes into businesswithout knowing anything about it orwho drives a car while being ignorantof driving. Yet while it is well recognized that society must protect itselfagainst the latter, it feels no need forprotection against the former. Thevirtuous political dilettante has for iteven a well-nigh irresistible fascination.It is as though society were anxious toatone for the sacrifices of private virtuewhich the political sphere demands andto take out insurance against the moralrisks of political action by identifyingitself with political leaders who sacrificethe public good on the altar of theirprivate virtue.Protection from the Good MenSociety has learned to take the badmen in its stride and even to protectitself against those who know the rulesof the political game only too well and use them to the detriment of society.Society will have to learn, if it wantsto survive, that it needs protection alsofrom the good men who are too goodeven to take note of the rules of thepolitical games. And it must reconcileitself to the uncomfortable paradox thatbad men who put their knowledge ofthose rules at the service of society areto be preferred to good men whose ignorance and moral selfishness put thevery survival of society in jeopardy. Inshort, it must learn what Henry Taylortaught more than a century ago whenhe wrote in the Statesman: "It sometimes happens that he who would nothurt a fly will hurt a nation."The two Political UtopiasFrom the soil of this misunderstanding of what politics is all about two intellectual and political weeds havegrown: Utopian liberalism and Utopianconservatism. This country has had itsshare of the former; it is now beingtaught the political lessons of the latter.Conservatism has become a modishword, which has been made to providerespectable cover for a multitude of intellectual and political sins.As the nihilists of the Left call themselves democratic, while disavowingwith their very being the tenets ofdemocracy, so the nihilists of the Right,who used in the twenties and thirtiesto proclaim their adherence to "true"democracy, now try to monopolize conservatism for themselves. Yet the irontest of the authenticity of a professedconservatism is its attitude to civilliberties, that is, restraints upon thepowers of government on behalf of theindividual. By this test, Hegel, at thebeginning of the nineteenth century,could deny Haller the right to call himself conservative, and the German resistance to Nazism was as authenticallyconservative as McCarthyism, in spiteof its claim, was not.Authentic conservatism concernseither the philosophy and methods ofpolitics or its purposes. The confusionbetween these two types is likely to domore damage to American politics inthe long run than political nihilism, pretending to be conservative, has done.Conservatism of philosophy and methodis indeed part and parcel of theA good man who becomes an actor on the political scenewithout knowing anything about politics is like a manwho drives a car while being ignorant of driving.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAmerican political tradition. TheFederalist is its greatest literary monument, Alexander Hamilton is its greatesttheoretician, John Quincy Adams andAbraham Lincoln are in different waysits greatest practitioners, and WoodrowWilson is its greatest antithesis intheory and practice. That conservatismholds— as we saw the realist philosophyof international relations to hold— thatthe world, imperfect as it is from therational point of view, is the result offorces inherent in human nature. Toimprove the world one must work withthose forces, not against them.This being inherently a world of opposing interest and of conflict amongthem, moral principles can never befully realized, but must at best be approximated through the ever temporarybalancing of interests and the ever precarious settlement of conflicts. Conservatism, then, sees in a system ofchecks and balances a universal principle for all pluralist societies. It appeals to historic precedent rather thanabstract principles and aims at therealization of the lesser evil rather thanof the absolute good.A good case can be made, it seemsto me, in favor of the proposition thatthis conservatism of philosophy andmethod presents political reality as itought to be presented and deals with itas it ought to be dealt with. I haveargued that case more than a decadeago in Scientific Man vs. Power Politics,when, I might say in passing, it was notfashionable but most unwelcome toargue the conservative side of politicalphilosophy and method.On the other hand, the conservativeview of the purposes of politics endowsthe status quo with a special dignityand seeks to maintain and improve it.This conservatism lives in the best ofall possible worlds, and, if it can conceive of a different world at all, it findsthat world not in the future but in thepast, a golden age to be restored. Thatconservatism has its natural politicalenvironment in Europe; it has no placein the American tradition of politics.Europe, in contrast to America, hasknown classes, determined by heredityor otherwise sharply and permanentlydefined in composition and social status,which have had a stake in defendingthe present status quo or restoring anactual or fictitious status quo of thepast. But for the defense or restoration of what status quo could theAmerican conservative fight? Forprivate power, state's rights, the abolition of the income tax, exclusive malesuffrage, nullification, slavery, orperhaps the British monarchy? The absurdity of this rhetorical question illustrates the absurdity of the conservative position in terms of purposes within the context of American politics.The great issues of American politicsconcern neither the preservation of thepresent nor the restoration of the pastbut the creation, without reference toeither, of the future. American politicsdoes not defend the past and presentagainst the future but one kind offuture against another kind of future.While in philosophy and method conservatism is the most potent single influence in American politics, the purposes of our politics from the verybeginning were unique and revolutionary, not only in the narrow politicalsense, but also in the more generalterms of being oblivious to tradition.They have so remained throughout,only temporarily disfigured by periodswhich were dominated by a conservatism of purpose and, hence, in the context of American politics has never beenthe present, and only in a historicallyinconsequential way has it been thepast.The U.S. is Left BehindIn the past, the United States couldafford such intermittent periods of stagnation; for the world around it, relatively speaking, stagnated too, more importantly, when the United Statesmoved forward again it set the pacefor the world and in many respects leftit behind. Today it is the world thatmoves ahead and the United Stateswhich is being left behind.All around us the world is in violenttransformation. The political revolutionhas destroyed the state system, whichfor half a millennium had provided thepolitical girders for Western civilization, and has brought to the fore twosuperpowers threatening each other andthe world with destruction. At the sametime it has dissolved the old order ofempire into the anarchy of scores offeeble sovereignties, whose uncontrolledfrictions may well provide the sparksfor the ultimate conflagration. A succession of technological revolutions hasvirtually eliminated the elements of timeand space from this globe and, by adding to the numerical superiority of theso-called backward peoples the socialand military potential of modern industry, challenges Western civilization from still another quarter. Finally, themoral revolution of totalitarianismdenies the basic values upon whichWestern civilization has been built and,as bolshevism, attracts millions ofpeople throughout the world to itsmilitant support.How have we reacted to this triplechallenge? We have reacted by a conservatism of stagnation, which is notonly oblivious of the revolutionarydynamism of our national tradition butalso self-defeating as a weapon in theinternational contest in which the nation is engaged. We have projected theanti-revolutionary and conservativeimage of our national task and destinyonto the international scene, seeing inthe political, technological, and moralferment of the world but the evil effectsof the cunning obstinacy of the doomedleaders of bolshevism.Unwilling to adjust the comfortingand flattering picture we have formedof our national life to the nationalrealities, we proceeded to adjust theinternational realities to that picture.Thus we are looking at a world whichappears in need of improvement, adjustment, and reform, but not of radical, unheard-of change. The world criesout for transformations commensuratein their revolutionary novelty with therevolutions that threaten it; it cries outfor political imagination, audacity, andthe risky experiment. What we areoffering it is nothing but stagnation,masquerading in the garb of a Utopianconservatism.Faced with the moral and virtuallycertain danger that soon a great numberof nations will have atomic weapons,we continue the old game of disarmament negotiations, which is no longergood even for purposes of propaganda.Our policies in Europe and Asia arestagnant; we continue unwilling eitherto change the status quo of which wedisapprove or to recognize it. LatinAmerica has become our forgottenback yard which we think we can takefor granted. Asia, the Middle East, andAfrica are for us primarily opportunitiesfor the conclusion of military alliancesand the expenditure of money for ill-defined purposes.In consequence of underestimatingthe revolutionary tradition of oursociety and the revolutionary nature ofThe world cries out for political imagination, audacity,and the risky experiment What we are offering is stagnationmasquerading in the garb of a Utopian conservatism.JANUARY, 1959 7the world with which we must come toterms, we have made underestimationof the Soviet Union a national habitof mind. All the evidence of the Russian capabilities, from General Guil-laume's "Soviet Arms and SovietPower," published in 1949 by the Infantry Journal, to our own intelligencereports, made no impression upon theofficial mind; for if it had, we wouldhave had to discard a whole philosophywhich we are mistaking for our way oflife.This retreat into a stagnant conservatism has been accompanied by aretreat from government itself. This isnot surprising, since the conservativecommitment to holding the line, tokeeping things as they are in domesticand foreign policy, required less of anexpenditure of energy and of ideasthan dynamic and imaginative policiesdo. That this atrophy of government,inevitably resulting from the atrophyof its purposes, has been acutely aggravated by the lapse of leadership atthe top is too obvious to require elaboration; but it might be pointed outthat that lapse of leadership was, in ideally through the free interplay ofplural opinions and interest, out ofwhich the consensus of the majorityemerges.From these different conceptions ofconsent two different attitudes towardsecrecy and truth follow. A non-democratic government can afford toconceal and misrepresent because thereare no autonomous social forces whichcould expose it to scrutiny and proposefactual and political alternatives. Undercertain conditions, it will even be compelled to conceal and misrepresent because it will have no other way tocreate consent for its policy.A democratic government, while having an obvious advantage in the contestof opinion, ideally at least cannot affordnor does it. need to conceal and misrepresent. A responsible parliament andan alert public opinion force it to layits cards on the table or at the veryleast check the government version ofthe truth against their own. And theassumption of democratic pluralism thatneither the government nor anybodyelse has a monopoly of truth in matterspolitical minimizes the temptation forIt is not by accident that the techniques of advertisinghave so thoroughly replaced the processes of free discussionin the relations between government and people.turn, made possible and perhaps eventemporarily tolerable by that decline inpurpose.Secrecy in a DemocracyWhen we speak of the atrophy ofgovernment, we obviously do not referto the quantity of institutions and theiractivities which go by the name ofgovernment; for there has been nodecline of those. What we have in mindis a subtle quality which is vital to ademocratic government: its quality as ateacher and leader. In its absence thegovernment cannot govern in a trulydemocratic fashion, that is, with thefreely given consent of the governed.Modern government — democratic ornon-democratic — is not merely theformulation and execution of policies.It is also and necessarily the creationof public consent for the policies formulated and to be executed. In non-democratic societies this consent iscreated by the government's monopolistic manipulation of the mass media ofcommunication. Democracies create it the government to impose its versionupon society by concealment and misrepresentation.It is the measure of the decline ofdemocratic government in theUnited States that the administrationhas— not on occasion but consistently-concealed from the people and itselected representatives information inboth the most vital and the most trivialmatters and misrepresented the truthknown to it. While the administrationwas aware of the deterioration ofAmerican power in comparison withthat of the Soviet Union, its mosteminent spokesmen assured us time andagain that our strength vis-a-vis theSoviet Union was unimpaired if notactually increased. What we were toldofficially was, at best, but a hint of theactual state of affairs. To speak ofvery trivial things in passing, theAmerican people have not been allowedto learn what present the king of SaudiArabia gave the President on his visit inJanuary, 1957.Secrecy and misrepresentation, not asoccasional aberrations but as a systemof government, are in our case intimate ly related to the atrophy of governmentof which we have spoken earlier. Theadministration, philosophically and politically committed to stagnation and,hence, unable to lead and educate, hasput appearance in the place of substance.Business TechniquesThus it is not by accident that thetechniques of advertising have sothoroughly replaced the processes offree discussion in the relations betweengovernment and people.Judged by the standards of advertising, the result has been gratifying. Theadministration has been popular, andthe people have been happy. Yetjudged by the standards of theAmerican destiny and survival, the result has been disquieting in the extreme. We witness the beginning of acrisis of confidence in the administration, and we must beware lest it turninto a crisis of confidence in the democratic processes themselves.Before men want to be governedwell, they want to be governed. Beforethey choose between good and badpolicies, they want some policies tochoose from. Regardless of the coursethey want the ship of state to take,they want to be sure that a strong handis at the helm. The great revolutionsof the modern age— from the FrenchRevolution of 1789 through the twoRussian revolutions of 1917 and theFascist revolutions in Italy and Germany to the Chinese revolution of theforties— were carried forward by menwho were dismayed, not only at beinggoverned badly, but also and more importantly at not being governed enough.These revolutions owed their successto the determination and ability of theirleaders to seize power, to hold it, andto use it to govern perhaps badly butfirmly. The modern masses have risenin despair and fury not against someparticular policy but against the weakness of government, reflected in spectacular failures.Of the failures which are likely to bein store for us, we have had only afirst and very partial glimpse. We arebut at the beginning of our disillusions,frustrations, and tribulations. Facedwith this crisis in its fortunes, as taxing as any it has experienced, the nation certainly stands in need of soundpolicies. What it needs more is a government that restores its sense of mission, that galvanizes its latent energiesby giving them a purpose, that, in short,acts as the guardian of the nation's pastand an earnest of its future. The nation has no such government now.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEShe said brightly that she wanted a picture of us.When the Strozier family lefttheir third floor, five-room apartment on 58th Street for FloridaState University where Mr. Strozier had been named president,they were moving to 16 beautifully landscaped acres, a hugeplantation-style mansion,And aWhiteCadillacComments byMargaret Burnett StrozierAM '39Illustrations :Cissie Liebshutz PeltzBA '46 Ihave had an ominous request recently. The president of the Women'sClub in a neighboring town asked meif I would speak to the ladies on beinga president's wife. Ever since I wasvice-president and program chairman ofthe University of Chicago SettlementLeague and had to introduce speakers,I have said Never Again. Besides having my mouth go dry and my whole in-sides turn upside down, I could nevereradicate from my mind the HelenHokinson cartoons when I viewed theladies and hats in front of me, so I amnever going to give speeches. Besides,my husband talks enough for the twoof us.But what does all this have to dowith my writing an article for the Chicago Magazine? Nothing, except therequest for the speech made me reviewthe last year, and I though perhaps ourfriends might be interested in all thathas happened to us since we left Chicago.Our last week there was hectic. Weput our son, Bob Jr., and Geoff Wardon a plane for New Delhi, India wherethey were going to spend a year withthe Champion Wards. We were torn byfarewells to old and dear friends, andwe were definitely torn as to what possessions to take to a president's house. Finally the van drove off and I realizedthere was a stepiadder tied to its outside.I wondered numbly why that was going.We climbed into our 1949 Buick—Mama, Papa, Chuck and Anne, as wellas Pogo, the dog. Bob muttered thatif by any chance the Buick made it toTallahassee, it was never to leave thecity limits.We arrived at noon on Labor Day.Having been given a key we were ableto slip in inconspicuously. The housewas air-conditioned, completely decorated and the ice box filled with goodies.We were just drawing our breath whenthe doorbell rang, and there stood awoman reporter with a camera. Shesaid brightly that she wanted a pictureof us. We protested that we were hotand dusty, but to no avail.We all sat on the stairs and had ourpictures taken.That ordeal was to be repeated manytimes in the ensuing weeks, for a newpresident of a state university in a smalltown and his family are definitely anovelty, especially when there has notbeen a new president in sixteen years.I am still trying to figure out how tomeet a camera head on. The results areoften bad, but the profile pictures makeme consider plastic surgery even at myage. We have often thought how niceJANUARY, 1959 9it would be if we looked like the Kimp-tons.The same two men who packed ourvan with great difficulty from our thirdfloor apartment in Chicago arrived withit two days later. A campus policemandirected them across the lawn and afleet of janitors from the University assisted in the unloading. I shall neverforget the driver's expression as hehanded down my old paint-spatteredladder. Then followed a procession ofsome of the dreariest looking furnitureI ever saw. Meanwhile numbers ofpeople arrived to witness our moving in.We are glad now that we have theseold faithfuls. After all, we lived withthem for twenty years and we lovethem.However, I really should have leftmy kitchen equipment in Chicago.Soon after our arrival two ladies intown who helped choose the kitchenequipment for the new governor's mansion were asked to buy a complete setfor us. I knew it was coming, but Ididn't know the ladies were coming tounpack it.As they would open a cupboard toput up a set of shining new pans Iwould plunge ahead of them and thentry to back off with my battered oldpans behind me.We had the choice of any furnitureleft over from the old governor's mansion. And we made one big mistake. Then followed a procession of some of the dreariest furnitureWhen we looked at it, it was stored inthe basement of the Supreme Courtbuilding. Among other pieces was agreat four-poster bed. I thought it wasfitting and lovely, so it was set up inour bedroom. It was without a doubtthe most monstrous thing I ever saw.Each post was nine feet high, and thefour could easily have supported theBrooklyn Bridge. It was twice as highas any normal bed, in fact, as originallydesigned, a stepladder was included.I plunged into space many times,Besides, things grow in Florida that don't grow in Illinois. and my head encountered the postsmany nights. I suffered in silence forseveral weeks, and then decided thatno one in the State of Florida wouldexpect me to spend my nocturnal existence in this fashion. After I orderedit removed, we had a head board andform made to fit the oversize mattress.Bob looked disconsolately at my newcreation and said, "I'm fifty-one yearsold and the president of a university,and what am I sleeping on— a cot."After having four geraniums, twoAfrican violets and a few stragglingleaves in Chicago, I was less than prepared for sixteen beautifully landscapedacres. When I was growing up inDenver I had hay fever, so I alwaysfled from my mother's garden. Besides,things grow in Florida that do not growin Illinois or Colorado. I inherited thegardener of my predecessor, who wasan ardent gardener herself, but I made aquick decision and I have not regrettedit. I asked the head gardener of theUniversity to take full responsibility forour place, and I never from the veryfirst professed anything but abysmalignorance. Sure, I know a rose, acamellia and an azalea, but when I getwith the Garden Club ladies, and theydiscuss the varieties of these plants, Iam lost. There are thirty-five gardenclubs in town, and yes, I belong to oneof them. When I give a party, the headgardener sends loads of beautifulflowers. I have committees of fromthree to five faculty wives who comein and arrange them in unbelievablecreations. This may not be the right10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsolution, but it suits me.An inauguration, like a wedding, canbe done only once in a lifetime. Manypeople worked for months on hundredsof details. I wrestled with such listsas I never thought could exist. I wouldwake up in the middle of the nightto write down a reminder. The datehad been set for the twenty-first ofFebruary because the camellias and theazaleas would both be in bloom. Since French doors from the living room ontothe screened back porch, where theconference was held. As I left for someerrands, I spied our son, Chuck out inthe yard running the power mower,which he loves. I saw he was barefooted, shirtless and wearing a big strawhat, but he seemed inconspicuous in thebackground. When I returned, the pressand the photographers had arrived andwere seated facing the living room. In the biggest chair in the living roomsat our son, utterly unconscious of theamusement he was creating for thepress. As he read the paper, he wassipping a quart bottle of milk!At Easter we had an egg hunt forfaculty children on our lawn. Twostudents dressed up as bunny rabbitsand assisted us. The newspapers tookpictures which I sent to Bob, Jr. inIndia. I also told him that his fatherhad been knocking golf balls about onthe back lawn. I later received a letterof condolence from Champ Ward,which was addressed to "Dear Mamie."Bob and I are beginning our secondyear. Bob, Jr. and Geoff Ward spentthe summer in Tallahassee where theyboth worked forty hours a week. Theyleft recently to visit their old haunts inChicago before entering college* Chuckplays football and loves the town, aswell as the public high school. Ourdaughter Anne is blissful at the University school, and has developed athick accent. We recoil when she says,"Ah'iri fixin to go to school now." Pogohas never known such freedom, and Ifear he could never again adjust toapartment living. We are happy in thethought that we are doing what seemsright for us.In the biggest chair in the living room sat our son.this was Florida's coldest winter infifty years, nothing was in bloom. Thegardener finally painted the grass greenaround the fountain in front of the administration building. There were cutflowers everywhere, but sent from shopsby dear friends, at no expense to thetaxpayer.On the Sunday before the event, Ideveloped a cold, the stuffy, drippy,horrible kind. I called the doctor andasked for any pills that might help. Itook to my bed, turned my head tothe wall and prayed. By the time theKimptons arrived on Thursday I was allright. From then on we relaxed andenjoyed the show which was put on forus. Anne reminded us that we were likeCinderella as one of our friends senta chauffeur-driven White Cadillac forinauguration day. How we cherish thememory of that weekend.In the spring Harold Urey came toour university to deliver two lectures.He and Frieda were our house guests.On Saturday morning Harold held apress conference at our house. It wasa beautiful morning, so I opened the The gardener finally painted the grass green.JANUARY,. 1959 11Godsand Gameson theCorinthianIsthmusIIThe sixth season of excavation in Isth-mia yields further information on themystery cults and fortifications of thearea and many artistic objectsMythological figures on a decorated shield strap:Achilles and Troilus, Orestes slaying Aegisthus, Zeusand the Typhon. The strap is of thin and fragile bronze.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEby Oscar T. BroneerProfessor, Department of Classical Languages and LiteratureJ_ HE second day of October, 1957, was a red-letter day inthe history of the Isthmian Excavations. By lunch time of thatday we had made two discoveries which proved to be themost important of the whole year's work.For some time we had been looking for a fortification wallwhich Herodotos tells us the Greeks of the Peloponnesos builtas a protection against the expected invasion of the Persiansin 480 B.C. The invaders never reached the CorinthianIsthmus, but the wall was constructed.In the course of the previous summer, my son Jon, thenon a visit to Greece, accompanied me on a walk across theIsthmus in search of this wall. He noticed some large stonesin a field and asked me if they could be part of it. Theidea seemed very promising.When we resumed excavation work in the autumn, I sentsome workmen and one of the excavators, William P. Donovan, to investigate the stones in an effort to obtain ceramicevidence for the date of the wall. In nearly all excavationwork we rely largely on broken pottery for establishing thedate of an ancient structure. A second excavator, ProfessorJohn G. Hawthorne of the University of Chicago, set out tofind the opening to a long underground cistern discovered inone of the earlier campaigns.The two areas were about a mile apart. In mid-forenoonI went in our aged Buick to look at Donovan's area alongthe wall. We had hoped for evidence to show that the wallhad been constructed about 480 B.C.; the pottery that turnedup from the fill between the two faces of the wall was about850 years earlier! Cautiously Donovan suggested that thewall might have to be dated in the Late Bronze Age. Itsoon became evident that this was a correct conclusion.E,dLATED by the success of this undertaking, I returned tothe main area of excavation where Hawthorne was in charge.In the patch of ground that had been cleared there was notrace of the entrance to the subterranean cistern; this wasfound later a short distance from our trench. But the excavator pointed to the edge of a large circular cutting in therock, more than sixteen feet in diameter, which he had exposed. It looked like a bathing pool, and for a while wethought that it must be part of a gymnasium. Followingroutine procedure we marked out a small section of thecircular area to test the ceramic content of the fill beforedigging into the rest of the circle. At the end of the day wehad not reached bottom. The fill, except at the very top,contained pottery and roof tiles of the sixth century B.C.Whatever purpose it had served, the circular pit had beenabandoned and filled up at an early date. And it had beenfilled with rubbish containing offerings from the near-by .Temple of Poseidon.The excavation at the Corinthian Isthmus, is a UniversityJANUARY, 1959of Chicago undertaking, sponsored by the Department ofClassics under the auspices of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. It was begun in 1952; since thenfour campaigns of excavations have been completed. Theexpedition's work is financed from donations. Funds for thepast season came from the Bollingen Foundation, from theAmerican Hellenic Association, and from the American Council of Learned Societies. To these grants were added severaldonations by private individuals.The chief god of Isthmia was Poseidon (Neptune) whoseTemple we excavated in the campaigns of 1952 and 1954.Surrounding this temple was a large rectangular precinct,about 350 feet long and 275 feet wide. The earliest templestructure, built partly of wood, dates back to the seventhcentury B.C. It was destroyed by fire about 475 B.C. Beforea new temple could be constructed the rubbish from theburned temple was cleared away and dumped on lowerground to the north and east. With this fill were thrown awayprecious votive gifts— bronze vessels, armor, figures of menand animals, silver coins, gold ornaments, pottery and fineterra cotta figurines. Many— not all— of those objects had beendisfigured by the fire that reduced the building to ashes.Each season we have dug into sections of the ancient dumps,from which we have extracted some exquisite artistic treasures.Why were so many objects of intrinsic value and artisticmerit stored in the temple? It was the practice of the ancientsto bring to the sanctuaries all kinds of gifts and dedicate themto the god. Sometimes they wrote their own names and thename of the deity on the objects as permanent record of theirdevotion. We have found jumping weights of stone and lead,brought by victorious athletes as thanks-offerings for victorieswon. Contenders in the broad-jump held these weights intheir hands to increase the distance they would jump. TheIsthmia was not only an important center of religious worship,it was also the site of the Isthmian Games, second in importance only to the Olympic Games. And, unlike these which were celebrated every four years, the Isthmian Games wereheld every other year.We' E continued our investigation of the Isthmian wall duringthe brief autumn campaign of 1957. By searching the plowedfield and wooded hills along the presumed line of fortification,we found other, better preserved stretches of the same wall.The construction is Cyclopean, a type of masonry characteristic of the Late Bronze Age. On the two faces of the wall arelarge, undressed blocks, and the intervening space is filledwith field stones and earth. Small towers project from theouter face of the wall.By studying the pottery, from the inner fill of the wall, wewere able to narrow the date down to the thirteenth centuryB.C. This was the time when the southern part of Greecewas threatened with invasions from the north, and the wallwhich we have discovered can now be explained in the lightof these events. It is, in all probability, part of a trans-Isthmian fortification constructed as a defensive measureagainst the invaders from the north. In history this event isknown as the Dorian Invasion. In mythology the invadersare referred to as Herakleidai, the sons of Herakles, who hadreturned to claim the land of which their father had beendeprived. Many scholars have doubted the traditions relatingto the invasion. No written records of this early date exist,and our sources are 800 years later than the time of invasion.The fortification which we have found confirms the truth ofthe tradition and thus becomes an historical document castinglight on a very obscure period in the history of Greece andof Europe.Our second discovery of the first day, the large circular pit,marked the beginning of the most arduous and fruitful taskof the season's work. The immense shaft was filled with hugeboulders and with earth. For three months we kept a gangof twelve workmen engaged in excavating the pit. They useda hand-operated winch and an old-fashioned windlass to raise14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe earth and stones to the surface. The most precious objects collected from this fill are some bronze figurines: a bull,two human figures perhaps athletes, a small boat with rowers,pottery and terra cotta figurines in large quantities. All theseobjects belong to the archaic period, most of them to thesixth century B.C. But the fill of the pit differs from that ofthe ancient temple dumps mentioned above. None of theobjects from the pit shows any signs of burning. Apparentlythe pit had been filled up before fire destroyed the archaictemple of Poseidon, about 475 B.C. It was probably dug asearly as the end of the seventh century.TA HE readers may wonder why it should take three monthsof constant digging by so large a force to empty the pit ofits contents. The reason is that many of the artistic treasuresare fragile and have to be handled with utmost care. An object made of terra cotta, if it is well fired, can remain in theearth and mud for thousands of years without damage tocolors or fabric, but a workman's pick can reduce it to splintersin a single blow. Accidents happen in the best regulatedexcavation, but we try to avoid them.At a depth of fifty feet an abundance of water put a stopto further progress in the pit. We lacked the means to acquire a pump large enough to remove the water. Weabandoned the project for the season reluctantly, for ourprobing beneath the surface of the water produced potteryand figurines in abundance. If funds become available topurchase the necessary equipment, we hope to resume operations in the autumn of 1959. This we believe is our mostpromising project for the coming season.1 Apart from the objects contained in the fill, we would liketo learn the meaning of this pit. Since it took us three monthsto remove the debris thrown into it, how much more timewould not have been required to dig the pit in the first place?Such a costly undertaking must have been intended to serveJANUARY, 1959 15Opposite: The Sanctuary of Palaimon. In the foreground is one ofthree sacrificial pits, in which were found the burned bone of bulls,ashes, and sacrificial vessels. In the center is seen the foundation ofthe Temple of Palaimon, built upon the early, and now abandonedStadium floor.Above: Two heads of horses and a Dolphin taken from the east templedump. These small figures are fine examples of Greek archaeic bronzeworks from the end of the sixth century B.C. The dolphin was doubtlessly brought as a gift to Poseidon, as it was an animal sacred to theSea-God.an important function. It is carefully cut as a vertical shaftthrough rock and clay. It resembles a huge well, but a wellof this size is unparalleled in Greek archaeology. Ancientwells are normally about three feet in diameter. Since theancients had no means of drawing water except by the slowprocess of letting down a water jar with a rope and haulingit out by hand, there would seem to be little advantage inhaving a well of such dimensions.Perhaps the pit served some purpose in connection withthe religious celebrations in the cult of Poseidon. In one suchceremony near Argos the worshippers cast live horses wearingbridles into a pool of fresh water as a sacrifice to Poseidon.Can it be that our great pit was prepared for a similar ritual?The remaining fill, below the water level, may hold the keyto this mystery.MT OSEIDON was not the only god worshipped at the Isthmia,At the southeast corner of the sanctuary, we have uncoveredwhat remains of a small temple dedicated to the boy-god*w A Marble head from the Isthmian Theater. The head represents ayouthful victor in the Isthmian Games. He wears the pine wreathwhich was the badge of victory.Palaimon. His name means wrestler in Greek. Palaimon wasoriginally a human child with the name of Melikertes, whowas drowned in the sea and his body carried by a dolphinto the Corinthian Isthmus. Here he was deified and receivedthe name Palaimon. It is said that Sisyphos, then King ofCorinth, established the Isthmian Games as part of thefuneral celebration in honor of the boy.His temple, a small circular structure, had a crypt, intowhich men would descend to take oaths that could not bebroken without dire consequences to the perjurer. Last springwe excavated the foundation of the temple and found theunderground passage beneath the floor. The area surroundingthe temple were strewn with lamps, some of them of peculiarshape, that had been used in the nightly ceremonies in honorof Palaimon.The secrets of ancient mystery cults have been well kept.Contemporary writers feared to reveal the secret rites, lestthey suffer punishment from the offended deities. Our excavations have taught us something about the objects usedand the outward acts, if not the inner meaning, of themystery religion of Palaimon. We know that the festival washeld at night, that one act— perhaps the crowning feature-in the celebration was the slaughter of young bulls whichwere cast into fiery pits to be consumed whole. This welearned from the discovery of three of these pits filled withash and the charred bones of animals and with the fragmentsof vessels brought by worshipers and thrown into the fire.In one pit we found fragments of more than 600 one-handledmugs of coarse ware. They had probably been filled with oilto feed the flames of the spectacular pyre.The reward of victory in the Isthmian Games was a wreath,made either of parsley or of pine branches. Our last season'swork brought monumental confirmation for the use of the pinewreath. In a trial trench, which we dug in the Theater atIsthmia, we found a marble head of a youthful athlete wear ing the victor's wreath of pine branches. The parsley wreathwould soon perish in the sun of the Greek spring (the Isthmian Games were held in April). It seems likely that St.Paul had been a spectator at the games in the IsthmianStadium, for he describes the events in the boxing matchand the foot race in terms betraying an eye-witness' observation. He had doubtless seen the athletes wearingwreaths that had withered in the sun, and he had this picturein mind when he wrote many years later to the Christians atCorinth: "Every athlete exercises self-control in all things.They (the athletes) do it to receive a perishable wreath, butwe an imperishable," I Cor. 8:25.EtACH season of excavation brings to light fresh evidencefor the ceremonies in the cults of the gods and the events inthe Games of the Isthmia. We have completely cleared theprecinct of Palaimon, and more than half of the much largerenclosure surrounding Poseidon's temple. But much remainsto be done. We hope to complete the excavation of Poseidon'stemple on our next campaign. We have only begun work inthe Theater, and there are many other public buildings whosefoundations can be seen projecting above ground in thecultivated fields near the sanctuary. When we dig in suchareas, we must indemnify the owners for the loss of land, andtillable land is scarce in Greece. Yet they are eager to cooperate with us. Our excavation gives work to the unemployed and distributes much needed cash money among theinhabitants of the small village. During our last campaign50 workmen were hired.The University of Chicago is also directly benefited by thiswork abroad. It gives to members of its faculty and advancedstudents an opportunity of participating in vital researchwork in the field. It brings them direct to the primary and asyet— untapped sources of information about the practices andbeliefs of the bearers of the Classical Greek civilization.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETELEVISION 1958Mark Hopkinsand the MassesTIMES HAVE CHANGED since all one needed for a collegeeducation was Mark Hopkins on one end of a log and a studenton the other. Years ago, "Mark Hopkins" discovered radio when theUniversity of Chicago Roundtable, the first discussion programdeveloped on radio, brought educational topics to the mass media.In its 25 years on the air, hundreds of faculty members climbedthe stairs to its Mitchell tower broadcasting room for the Sundaymorning Roundtables.Last year professors from the University appeared at breakfast tables throughout the Chicago area via TV. Forty-nine University scientists rose at the formidable hour of six A.M. to presenta program called SCIENCE '58. Nobody knows how many Chi-cagoans turned on the TV with their morning coffee, but morethan 14,000 wrote in for schedules of this University-producedprogram.While SCIENCE '58 was the only program with bizarre hours,the nine other radio and television series listed here came fromthe Radio-Television Office of the University last year. From thisprefab office on 58th, Alec Sutherland and his staff of three havenot only devised their own programs, but also supplied a largenational appetite for experts and informed guessers. As one south-side housewife said, "On Channel 7 you got the ball game andon Channel 2 you got the University of Chicago. I don't likebaseball, so I'm getting educated in spite of myself."Experience has been that intellectuals, cameras and microphones mix much more easily than most people suspect. Somefaculty people not only enjoy their appearance but grow definitebroadcasting personalities. While there are no medals for heroismunder the camera, there has been real courage. Reuel Denneyof the College, for example, sat bravely in a prop convertiblewhile its retractable hard-top jammed just over his head. JosephJ. Schwab, Denney's partner in this particular TV series, savedthe situation by saying in a cool, masterful voice, "you'd bettershut the damn thing off, Reuel. I don't trust it."As a rule, the best performances seem to come from the bestteachers. Three faculty members with unusual performing abilityare Julian Goldsmith, the friendly host of SCIENCE '58; JosephSchwab as the inquisitor of the radio program, IMPETUS; andEdward R. Rosenheim Jr. as an all-purpose moderator and chairman of the faculty advisory committee for the radio-TV programs.The current director of all this activity, Alec Sutherland, is adisplaced Scotchman with considerable local fame as racounteurand considerable experience (Alistair Cook, C. S. Lewis, DylanThomas) in the mixing of intellectuals and electronics on theBBC. It is Sutherland's working philosophy that professors dobest on television and radio when they are allowed simply to—teach. Therefore, the cameras, microphones and other assortedgadgetry should be kept well under control to illustrate and toexplain, rather than dramatize. These ideas fit in neatly with theincreasing demand for faculty people on media serving not onlyChicago but the nation. Recent examples include Reuel Denney'sappearance on the BBG; Daniel Boorstin (History) on the CBSradio network; and excerpts for the Voice of America from arecent University-sponsored conference on library problems. SCIENCE '58WBKB (Channel 7) ChicagoForty-nine University scientists on 65 half-hour lectures and panels on ideas and currentresearch in basic science. lulian Goldsmith(Geology) as moderator and host.CHILDREN GROWINGWTTW (Channel II) ChicagoN.E.T. distributionMaria Piers (Institute of Psychoanalysis) andLee Wilcox (Radio-TV Office) in dialogue onthe problems and rewards of raising a family.ALL THINGS CONSIDEREDWTTW (Channel II) ChicagoAn omnibus discussion program with facultyand guest experts, Alec Sutherland moderating.THE COMPLEAT SPECTATORWBBM (Channel 2) ChicagoThe great American art of spectatorship withReuel Denney ( College ) as expert and JosephJ. Schwab (College) as friendly interlocutor.ATOMIC PRIMERWBBM (Channel 2) ChicagoN.E.T. distributionA primer' of the Age of the Atom: firstprinciples, early history, and the pregnantfuture with Harold C. Urey ( Chemistry emeritus ) as guest expert.RADIO 1958VIEWPOINTWMAQ, ChicagoInterviews with University people on mattersof permanent interest, usually conducted byAlec Sutherland.THE SACRED NOTEWBBM, Chicago, and 27 other stationsChoral music sung by the University of Chicago Choir, directed by Richard Vikstrom,and a commentary. Three awards from OhioState University for excellence in religiousprograms.IMPETUSWBBM, Chicago; KPFA, Berkley, Calif.N.E.T. distributionDialogue between Joseph J. Schwab andguests on decisive books of the 20th Century.FAITH OF OUR FATHERSWGN, Chicago.Weekly Sunday morning broadcast of Rockefeller Chapel services.JANUARY, 1959 17NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESC Herman Pritchett (left), reappointed chairman of the Department of Political Science, recently named Ford Research Professor in Government Affairs;and Frank E. Bothwell, director of the new Laboratory of Applied Sciences.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAppointmentsProfessor in the departments of anthropology and sociology, W. LLOYDWARNER, has been named chairmanof the Committee on Human Development. Probably best known for his six-volume study on "Yankee City," inwhich he reported on social structureand status in a New England City. Mr.Warner's research has been conductedin all sections of the U. S., on a varietyof problems including race relations.In "Yankee City" he established threemajor social classifications of "lower-lower and upper-lower, lower-middleand upper-middle, lower-upper andupper-upper classes." His earlier studieswere of the Australian Aborigines, thiswork leading to his application of thetechniques of social anthropology tocomplex modern communities. In another field, he has made motivationalstudies as varied as those of the unconscious responses of the purchasersof greeting cards, and the pre-electionintentions of voters.He succeeds William E. Henry, whoheaded the Committee on Human Development for the past five years, butwho now wishes to devote full time toteaching and research in the field.DR. H. CLOSE HESSELTINE, professor and secretary of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, hasbeen named Mary Campau RyersonProfessor of Obstetrics and Gynecology.Dr. Hesseltine received his degrees fromthe University of Iowa, where he servedhis residency, and has been on thefaculty. He became an instructor at theUniversity of Chicago in 1931, and afull professor in 1949.Newly named chief and professor ofAnesthesiology at Cook County Hospitalin Chicago is DR. E. TRIER M6RCH,professor of surgery and director of thesection on anesthesiology at the University. Dr. Morch received his degreeof Doctor of Medicine and Doctor ofPhilosophy at the University of Copenhagen, and received his graduate medical training in Denmark from 1935-1946. He became professor of surgeryat Chicago in 1952.Dr. Morch has invented several instruments including the laryngoscopeand two respirators for artificial respiration. One of these is used in surgicaloperations in connection with anesthesia, and the other is used in the postoperative period and in the treatmentof such diseases as poliomyelitis. He hasmade four medical motion pictures, andfor his humanitarian work in the resistance movement during World WarII, he was decorated by the kings ofDenmark, Norway, and Sweden.C HERMAN PRITCHETT has beenappointed chairman of the Department of Political Science for the second time.He served as chairman of the Department from 1948-1955, and then resigned to work on research projects. Inhis new position he succeeds MortonGrodzins, who is now on a year's leaveof absence at the Center of AdvancedStudy in the Behavioral Sciences inStanford, Calif.Mr. Pritchett, who was recentlynamed Ford Research Professor in Governmental Affairs for 1958-59, specializes in constitutional law. He receiveda PhD in political science at Chicago,and came to campus to teach in 1940.Last year's recipients of the two annual awards for the best dissertationsin the field of political science wereboth U of C students supervised by Mr.Pritchett. These recipients of the American Political Science Association awardswere Walter Murphy for his dissertation "Generation of Litigation: Study ofthe Legislative Reactions to the SchoolSegregation Decisions," and RobertScigliano for his dissertation "Politicaland Judicial Procedures: The MichiganOne-Man Grand Jury." Murphy is nowteaching at Princeton, and Scigliano atMichigan State.Achievement: School and JobAllison Davis, professor of education, and Robert E. Hess, assistant professor of human development, areundertaking a three year study for theU. S. Office of Education under a granttotaling $89,010. The study will beconcerned with relationships betweenachievement in high school, college,and later occupational achievement.It is part of the cooperative researchprogram which was launched in Julyof 1956 by Congress, and is the seventhstudy at the University of Chicago tobe conducted under this program. Theprojects chosen for such grants concernthe mentally retarded, identifying anddeveloping unusual talent, educationalaspects of juvenile delinquency, staffin schools and colleges, and many othereducational problems.Cities Then and Now"The modern city is our greatestasset and our greatest headache," according to Carl H. Kraeling, the director of the Oriental Institute. "It hasbeen that way since man first began tolive in cities seven thousand years ago.If it had not been for the challengesand opportunities of the cities, civilization might never have reached itsgreatest heights."A symposium of seventy expertsspent four days last month in explor ing how city life developed over thepast seven thousand years. In thesediscussions at the Oriental Institute,there were three major topics: Thebackground for the expansion of society in the Near East, development ofculture in national states, and development of culture in the great empires.Participants included anthropologists,philologists, theologians, political scientists, geographers, economists, legalauthorities, sociologists, historians, linguists, a metallurgist, and a meteorologist. They had prepared for thesessions by reading a massive series ofdocuments, ranging from a comparative treatment of economic institutionsto the study of Islam. Meeting in theEgyptian Hall of the Oriental Instituteunder the shadow of the Assyrianwinged bull and the statue of KingTut, their words were recorded and theentire proceedings will be publishedlater this year in book form.Integrated ResearchA Laboratory of Applied Scienceshas been formed on campus to integrate the activities of the three groupsspecializing in applied physics, mathematics and chemistry research forgovernmental agencies. Appointed director of the combined group is FrankE. Bothwell, one of the nation's leading missile planners. Mr. Bothwell hasplayed a leading role in the advancedplanning which led to the development of the underwater-launched Polaris missile and was active in thediscussions which convinced the Navyto expedite the development of thePolaris.The three scientific groups whichwill comprise the initial elements ofthe new Laboratory of Applied Sciences have been quietly at work on theMidway for several years on defenseproblems confronting the U.S.:1. The Institute for Air WeaponsResearch, a top advisor on long rangestrategic planning for the Air Force.It is located in the Museum of Scienceand Industry.2. The Institute for System Research, a high level advisor to the AirForce on the feasibility and limitationsof new weapon concepts. Also locatedin the Museum, it is currently studyingthe future of the Air Force space program.3. The Chicago Midway Laboratories, which perform basic and appliedresearch to develop equipment andsystems for tactical and strategic usesfor all the Armed Forces. It is locatedat 62nd and Drexel.The integrated groups will bring together a pool of 200 scientists, engi-JANUARY, 1959 19neers, and technicians, representing awide range of talents of both the analytical and experimental bent. The purposes of the new organization includefostering advance research in the applied sciences at the University, servingas a bridge between the pure sciencesof the University and the world ofengineering, and providing advance experience in the applied sciences underthe most realistic conditions.Questions the Laboratory now facesas outlined by Dr. Bothwell include:1. How the mathematicians' "theoryof games" can be applied to such practical problems as those of war.2. How the latest advances of science can be incorporated into the design of instruments to be put aboardspace vehicles and satellites.3. What new pathways can be explored in the searches for new kindsof transitors, ultra-high temperaturesfor materials testing, and improvedinfra-red optical systems.Dr. Bothwell, who is an appliedmathematician, comes to the University campus from the U.S. NavalOrdnance test station at China Lake,California. From 1947 to 1951 he hadserved on the staff of the Universityof Chicago's Army Project CHORE(Chicago Ordnance Research), whichwas a forerunner of the Institute forAir Weapons Research.Schlesinger HonoredHermann I. Schlesinger, professoremeritus of chemistry, has been namedwinner of the 1959 Willi ard GibbsMedal by the Chicago section of theAmerican Chemical Society. He is thesecond consecutive University of Chicago faculty member to win the award,as Willard F. Libby, U.S. AtomicEnergy Commission member, receivedthe award last year. Mr. Libby is nowon leave as professor of chemistry fromthe Fermi Institute.Internationally known for his basicresearch on the compounds of boron,Mr. Schlesinger's scientific work hasled to far ranging applications in rocketfuels, jet fuels, and in the making ofVitamin A and cortisone. As a scientist,he never set out to develop a high-powered fuel, but was interested inthe boron compounds because they didnot follow the general rules of chemical binding, the chemical force thatholds atoms together in a molecule.He discovered new boron compoundsand developed methods of makingthem readily to facilitate the investigation of the peculiar properties of boron.The new compounds are proving tobe lighter and more efficient than themixture of hydro-carbon fuel and oxidizer, which has been used to provide thrust for American missiles. Thismixture is so heavy that only one percent of the device blasted off a launching pad can be used for pay load.Mr. Schlesinger received both hisB.S. and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago, and was on thefaculty from 1908 until his retirement40 years later.Sir Leslie Munro on the U.N.The immediate past President of theU.N. General Assembly and three-timePresident of the U.N, Security Council,Sir Leslie Knox Munro of New Zealand, gave the Norman"* Wait HarrisMemorial Lecture at* the Universitythis fall.Sir Leslie pointed out that the U.N.has done a "better job in preventingwar than in checking subversion ofestablished governments. "The realization of this," according to Munro, "wasno doubt a substantial cause of Britishand American intervention in Lebanonand Jordan at the request of governments in these countries, which undoubtedly considered subversion apresent and ever increasing danger."The two great defects which Munrofinds in the effectiveness of the U.N.Security Council are: that it has failedto create an international force for themaintenance of international peace andsecurity, and it has failed to solve theproblem of the veto which stultifiesmany attempts to preserve the peaceand remove obstacles to the peace invarious parts of the world. Russia entered the U.N. "only on the basis ofthe veto," and the U.N. police force is"for the time being, and for the foreseeable future, illusory because Sovietopposition has prevented such a forcebeing created."Calling attention to the significanceof the work of Secretary-General DagHammarskjold, Sir Leslie added thathe believes that the powers and responsibility of the Secretary-General shouldcontinue to grow. Summing up theprogress of the U.N. he said, "thetoddling (infant U.N.) has been sometimes strong, sometimes weak, depending upon the degree of the Infant'sterror and the strength and determination of a giant brow-beating the tenderchild, as it seeks for peace and areasonable solution of the problems ofthe world."Medical Education and the PatientThe tradition at most American medical schools that only charity patientsbe used for study is coming to an end,according to Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall,dean of the Division of Biological Sci ences. The experience of the UniversityClinics indicates that the paying patient"feels proud" to participate in medicaleducation. Moreover, since almost everyone in the U. S. will soon have healthand hospitalization insurance, the charity patient is fast disappearing.This is due not only to pre-paymenthealth plans, but also to the sharp increase in personal incomes for those inthe lower income strata. In addition,the government— federal, state, andlocal— is paying for more and moremedical care.To the University of Chicago Clinics,"have come only paying patients for aquarter of a century, to the satisfaction of the student, the staff, and thepatient. Frequent surveys indicate, according to Dr. Coggeshall, that for themost part patients are attracted to thestandards of medical care and the reputation of the institution, rather thanthat of the specific physician. Thiscontributes immeasurably to their acceptance of the role as active participants in the teaching program."Coggeshall continued, "We havefound that so far as the actual studentis concerned, the advantage is that heis dealing with all strata of society, anddoes not obtain the distorted viewoften noticed in those who deal exclusively with charity patients. Thereare few problems where the patientsunderstand the character and functionsof a teaching institution and have confidence in its staff."Afterthoughts from Mr. LubellSpeaking at a luncheon of the Executive Program of the Business School,political analyst Samuel Lubell, predicted that a "feeling of frustration"among American voters will lead toincreasing instability of both politicalparties. According to Lubell, there willbe landslides first for one party, andthen landslides for the other party,with the voter being in the mood totry something different every election."I think," said Lubell, "for example,this Democratic majority can be overturned relatively quickly. It is not asrooted as the Roosevelt majority was.This same sense oi frustration whichworked against the Republicans thisyear, could be turned against the Democrats."Commenting on what he called themost misunderstood election we haveever had, Lubell pointed out that thecontinued trend of Republicans moving from cities into the suburbs wouldmean that after one or two more elections it won't be possible to elect aRepublican Congressman in a strictlyurban seat.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBooksarid Al—LJIS/lr-giAmericans; the colonial experience:by Daniel J. Boorstin, Professor, Department of History, University of Chicago.Random House, 1958, Pp. 434, $6.00.Although Professor Daniel Boorstin begins his newest book with an apt quotation from William Bradford's History ofPlymouth Plantation, he might equally wellhave chosen a portion of Stephen VincentBenet's invocation to the American musein John Brown's Body:They tried to fit you with an English songAnd clip your speech into the English taleBut, even from the first, the words wentwrong, ¦The catbird pecked away the nightingale.The triumph of the catbird, in a sense,is the theme of Americans, which canbe called, in simple fairness, a brilliantwork. Sweeping across the social and intellectual history of the colonies, ProfessorBoorstin searches for those developmentswhich became the basis for Americancharacteristics. He finds the key to his interpretation in practical necessity. Life inAmerica was not a mere reflection of lifein Europe, nor was it shaped exclusivelyby reaction against Old World institutions.Rather, our institutions took shape as various colonists— Puritan sage, Marylandplanter, New Amsterdam merchant, Carolina parson— as schoolmaster, printer, lawyerand apothecary all faced the practicalproblems of existence in a brave, but rawnew world. The task of building everything afresh absorbed all energies. Thusthe man of affairs drowned the theoretician,the jack-of-all-trades overrode the specialist, and the inventor took precedence overthe laboratory scientist. For Boorstin the"typical" American was a doubler-in-brass,a soldier-planter like Washington, a lawyer-naturalist like Jefferson, a printer-inventor like Franklin, a clockmaker-astronomer likeRittenhouse, and so on through an impressive list of examples. These men left behind them no towering intellectual worksof theology, science, political theory orliterature. Their monuments were evenmore impressive; the working institutionsupon which a new nation could be built.Americans does not ride a thesis toexhaustion. It has unity of theme, butdiversity of approach. The author rangesover religion, science, medicine, law,journalism, warfare, and a number of lesserfields, drawing on a vast and well-masteredbody of material. His touch is deft, hislanguage brisk and sometimes flashing, hismind never content to rest on a cliche.Textbook certainties topple like tenpins ineach chapter. To give only a few examples,Boorstin declares that in some ways the"stiff-necked" Puritans were more flexiblethan the "tolerant" Quakers; that BenjaminFranklin was not much of a scientist; thatthe American press was less free of government control than its English counterpart; that religious liberty flourished nicelyin Virginia under an established Anglicanchurch. Inevitably, firing so many shots,Boorstin will miss a few targets. This, however, is a small price to pay for a breadthand originality which will delight the general reader no less than the professionalhistorian.Some specialists will undoubtedly attack certain propositions of the book. Be fore doing so, however, they will have toreturn to the sources combed by Boorstin.Thus, the field will be re-opened, and"accepted" views will have to be slid under the microscope once more for re-examination. And thus, Americans will bemaking a genuine contribution to thestudy of our past. It deserves the publisher's label of "major reinterpretation."In one sense, Professor Boorstin is creating a new "frontier hypothesis" in American history. His "frontier," however, is asophisticated and complex concept, covering a range of specific colonial problems,from bad roads to paper shortages, whichhad a shaping effect on ways of life. Thisbeing the case, the reviewer looks forwardto later volumes with eagerness. What became of colonial institutions during thetechnological and economic booms of thenineteenth century? What happened to ouramateur warriors, lay preachers, untrainedjudges and self-taught scientists during theperiod of national growth? How were thebehavior patterns bearing their imprintpassed on to us? Readers may, on the basisof this book, expect additional fascinatingand important explorations when DanielBoorstin continues his examination of whatmakes the Americans American.Bernard A. Weisberger, AM '47, PhD '50,Assistant Professor, Department of History,Wayne University, Detroit, Mich.Needcorrugated boxesin volume?yourH&D packagingengineerSARGENT'S DRUG STOREestablished 1852Chicago's most completeprescription and chemical stockphone RAndolph 6-477023 N. Wabash AvenueChicago HIMUE&DAUCHf- Division of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company15 Factories, 42 Sales OfficesSandusky, OhioJANUARY, 1959 21a Nass \\ews99-14Helen Backus Rammage, '99, writesto us from a rest home in Pasadena, Calif.,where she is visited by Katharine WaughMoore, 00, who also lives in Pasadena.Joseph C. Ewing, '00, JD'03, one ofthe two survivors of the first U of C lawalumni, reports that "geriatrics continueto be favorable." He has taken a 4500-mile auto trip, and has kept in touch withAlonzo Stagg since he has moved to California. Another one of his acquaintancesis A. R. E. Wyant, '97, one-time captainof the U of C football squad. ConcludesMr. Ewing, "I have conceded the ,race(of age) to them, as I have been unableto catch them with my fourscore and three,fourscore and four coming up soon."Carl S. Miner, Sr., '03, was recentlyhonored at his 80th birthday party, by65 men he has inspired to become chemists, in his career as a consulting chemist.Riley H. Allen, '04, is the editor ofThe Honolulu Star-Bulletin. He has beenrecognized in the field of journalism forhis outstanding contribution to Honolulu.In 1950 the Veterans of Foreign Warsgave him a silver citizenship medal; theFilipino community cited him for helpingto cement the mutual good will and understanding in 1953. Among his otherduties, he is a member of the internationalboard of directors of the American-KoreanFoundation and active in the NationalFoundation for Infantile Paralysis.Robert R. Mix, '08, JD 10, is retiringfrom law practice, after 48 years.Carolyn Whitlock, X '08, spent sixweeks in Europe, visiting the Exposition,the Rhine region of Germany, northernItaly, the Riviera, and she reports beingespecially delighted with the Isle of Skyeand the highlands of Scotland.Wesley M. Gewehr, 11, AM12, PhD'22, has retired from teaching after 46years of instructing in various colleges anduniversities throughout the country. Hewas head of the department of history atthe University of Maryland for the last 18years, before his retirement in the spring.James F. Groves, AM12, PhD'15, assists with the editorial end of work inplant pathology at U of Wisconsin, andcomments: "a very pleasant task for someone twice retired."Rachel M. Foote, 14, runs a travelagency in Dallas, and will be at the reunion if she can get one of her tours going ahead of schedule.Edith Duff Gwinn, 14, has retiredfrom her Philadelphia job, and now lives"happily at Barnegal Light, N. J., on along, narrow, sandy island, six miles atsea."22 Margaret Riggs, 14, has been retiredfor four years, after having taught business education at the Oak: Park and RiverForest high schools in Chicago for 39years. She now lives in Grand Rapids,Mich.Charles K. Stulik, Jr., 14, MD'16,emeritus associate clinical professor ofpediatrics from the U of Illinois, is consulting pediatrician at Presbyterian - St.Lukes Hospital in Chicago.15-22Hugo Swan, 15, JD17, has written atravel column for the Dallas MorningNews; he and his wife have recently returned from a 5-month's tour of Europe.It is reported that because of his photographic ability, he has received invitationsto photograph many paintings in museumsand cathedrals where cameras are not usually allowed: Among these are the Louvre,and the interior of St. Peter's.Nathan R. Levin, 15, assistant librarian of the Chicago Public Library, hasbeen elected chairman of the Illinois StateLibrary Advisory Committee.Sarah R. Kelman, MD17, is a practicing psychoanalyst and psychiatrist inN. Y. C.Julius Kreeger, 17, JD'20, and hiswife, the former Edith Weiskopf, X'25,are celebrating their thirty-fifth weddinganniversary. Mr. Kreeger is a lawyer inChicago.Lester A. Wade, 17, associate justiceof the supreme court of Utah, served as amember of the distinguished awards jury,which selected the 1958 Freedoms Foundation awards at Valley Forge, Pa.L. H. Tiffany, 19, a member of thedepartment of botany at Northwestern,announces the second edition of his book,Algae, the Grass of Many Waters.Eva B. Kind, 19, has been dubbed the"first lady of LaSalle Street" by the Chicago American, and has also been writtenup in the "Women in Finance" column inanother local paper. The reason for thisattention is that Mrs. Kind is the secretaryof Selected American Shares, Inc., an openend mutual fund managed by securitysupervisors. Her duties entail preparingbooklets and pamphlets, and acting as alegal supervisor.George Rogers Taylor, '21, PhD '29,is a professor of economics at AmherstCollege, Mass. He is is the editor of theJournal of Economic History and an activeparticipant in numerous professional organizations.Samuel K. Allison, '21, PhD'23, amember of the World War II staff at themetallurgical laboratory of the U of Cwhen it developed the atom bomb, hasgiven a talk before the Chicago American Chemical Society on atomic particles whichare made by bombardment in the newhigh-energy atom smashers. In 1946, Dr.Allison was awarded the Medal of Merit,with a citation from President Truman;he is on the U of C faculty.Norman C. Meier, '21, AM'22, spent1956-57 at the Sorbonne as a Fulbrightprofessor, and returned to Paris last May"to witness the bloodless revolution." Before returning to Iowa City, he lecturedat Cambridge and the Musee de 1'Hommein Paris.Alexander Monto, '21, AM'25, and hiswife, S. Wilhelmina Monto, '26, AM'28,inform us that their son, George, is amember of the 1961 class in the MedicalSchool.Leo Frederick, '22, was connected withthe Chicago Public School system for 32years, prior to his retirement two yearsago. His sons: Robert, DB '56, is nowassociated with the McDowell Settlement,and William, AM '48, PhD '50, is headof the N. Y. office of the Council of StateGovernments.23-26Louis Heckelman Anderson, '23, haslived in a suburb of Philadelphia for 21years, and reports that she and her husband are moving to Seattle, Wash.The Hon. B. Fain Tucker, JD'23, thefirst woman judge elected in Cook Countyin 35 years, is serving her second term asJudge of the Circuit Court. Miss Tuckerhas been awarded the Phi Beta KappaDistinguished Service Medal for 1958. Thismedal is bestowed upon the individualwhom the Association considers to havemade the outstanding contribution in thefield of humanities.AUegra M. Nesbit, '23, AM '37, hasbeen newly appointed admissions counsellor for Wm. Moods Jr. College in Fulton, Mo.Arnold Maremont, '24, JD '26, hasbeen ^honored as the "North Sider of theYear," by the Chicago chapter of the VA.The award is for work in civic and cultural affairs.Mabel Staudinger, '24, AM '25, PhD'46, was awarded the Edward P. LathropProfessorship for a period of three yearsat Rockford College, Illinois. She represented the college at a workshop on HigherEducation at Colorado College, ColoradoSprings, Colo., this summer.Glenna Mode Ball, '24, and her husband, Herbert, '25, have become "NewEnglanders." Herbert is with the nuclearfuel Department of Olin-Mathieson Co.in New Haven, Conn.Bertram W. Doyle, AM'24, PhD'34, isbishop of the Christian Methodist Episcopal church in Nashville, Tenn., and hasTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbeen elected chairman of the 1958 Collegeof Bishops.Myrtle Enloe, '24, has been workingfor oil companies for the past 29 years,having taught school prior to this.Pearce Shepherd, '24, has been electedpresident of the Society of Actuaries, atthe annual meeting of the Prudential Insurance Co., in Cincinnati.Benjamin E. Mays, AM'25, PhD'35,president of Morehouse College in Atlanta,Ga., spoke on the vital issue of the "nextstep for a Negro in the South when hehas completed a college education," at theDowntown College in November. Thesolution does not lie, said Morehouse, in"an immediate journey to the North in theconfident hope of finding freedom and fairplay." Job opportunities in the North forthe "superior Negro graduate are aboutthe same as those for the average whitecollege graduate."Sue E. Smith, '25, has returned froma "glorious" Hawaiian vacation, and regrets not being able to make that islandher permanent home.John W. Coulter, PhD'26, a memberof the departments of geology and geography at the U of Cincinnati in Ohio, spentthe past year at the Universities of Parisand Bordeaux on a Fulbright award. Coulter, a veteran of both World Wars, wasawarded the Cross of the French Legionof Honor by that government. His book,The Pacific Dependencies in the UnitedStates, published during this past year,was the outgrowth of his duties as liaisonofficer for the governors of the PacificFrench Colonies and the general staff corpsin Washington, during World War II.Berthold C. Friedl, AM'26, has had anarticle published in Paris' "Revue Bime-strielle" last June. The topic is Russianpedagogical techniques.27-28Azuba Seaver Ward, AM'27, beginsher fourth year as assistant librarian in theMasters School, Dobbs Ferry, N. Y.Allis E. Graham, '27, has spent tenmonths on a trip around the world; someof the places she visited were: Celebes,Djarkarta, Penang, Mambasa, Mozambique,and parts of South America.Carl M. Marberg, '27, PhD '30, MBA'56, is the newly appointed manager ofthe technical department of the containerdivision of the Jones Laughlin Steel Corp.Mary R. Ruble, '27, has taught inNewport, Tenn., since 1921, and has beenhonored as a teacher representative of"knowledge of the job and of the school-community."Oscar Z. Fasman, '28, president of theHebrew Theological College in Chicago,has conducted a November retreat in Tokyo, Japan, for the Jewish chaplains of allbranches of our armed forces. This tripwas sponsored by the Army Department.Rabbi Fasman, ordained in 1929, was recently awarded an honorary DD degreeby Yeshiva U in New York City.Albert E. Barnett, AM'28, PhD'32,writes to tell us that his book, New Testament: Its Making and Meaning, has beenreissued in a revised second edition, withthe important feature of this revision being the integration of generally acceptedconclusions about the nature of the DeadSea Scrolls.Rudolph Bartz, '28, is director of special projects at Science Research Associates in Chicago and his wife, the formerJANUARY, 1959 ¥£*M£ i ^miIM.for cruise and Southern resortOUR COLORFUL NEW SPORTWEARfeaturing our own exclusive stylingThe man going South will find a host of interesting,good-looking clothing and furnishings items atBrooks Brothers, including:(shown) Unusually distinctive sport jacket ojlightweight Danish flannel (50% wool, 50% cotton)in a black-and-white houndstooth pattern with light blueoverplaid, or brown-and-white with lovat overplaid, $55Our exclusive ,washable Orlon*-and-cotton OddJacket that is very lightweight. Navy or light blue, $40Odd Trousers in same material, inwhite, navy, tan, yellow or light blue, $ 1 7.50Italian crepe sole beach or deck shoe oj red,natural, navy or maize sailcloth, $6.50Southern sportwcar brochure upon request"DuPont's fiberESTABLISHED 1818Hens furnishings, f|attf 3r9hoe*346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.1 1 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N.Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOYOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S .A product -I Swift & Company7409 So. Stat. Str..tPhon. RAdcliff. 3-7400GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186Photo presstSBSBmaBaiakaEaaaFine Co/or Work • Quality Book ReproductionCongress St Expressway ol Gardner RoadBroadview, Illinois COIumbus 11420SHERRY HOTEL53rd Street At The Lake . . .Complete Facilities ForConference Groups — ConventionsBanquets — DancesCall Catering FAirfax 4-1000Free Parking for Our Guests!MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica - Exacta - Rolleif lex - Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259NSA Discounts24-hour Kodachrome DevelopingHO Trains and Model Supplies ANDREW FOLDI, '45, AM '48, leadsk a triplex life. Mr. Foldi is a musiclecturer at the Downtown Center of theU of C, the cantor and music directorof Temple Isaiah Israel in Hyde Park,and bass with the Lyric Opera Co.His masters degree in musicology isfrom the University, where he alsomade his first professional concert appearance in 1950. He has the distinction of being the first Chicago singerto have successfully auditioned withthe Lyric, when it was formed severalyears ago. The costume and makeuphe here wears are of Fouquier Tinvillein "Andrea Chenier," one of the 38operatic roles in his repertoire.Helen Coyle, '24, MD'28, is a psychoanalyst in the city.An exhibition at the Art Institute, featuring self-portraits, and designed withwall texts to acquaint the public with interesting new facts about famous artistsand the people they painted, has beenassembled by Katherine Woolf Kuh,AM'28, Curator of Painting and Sculpture.Theodore N. Constant, X '28, has ason enrolled in his fourth year at theU of C.A. O. Hickson, PhD '28, has been promoted to full professor of mathematics atDuke, where he has taught since 1929.He formerly taught at Brown and the Uof C.Thomas W. Rogers, AM '28, can belearned about by consulting the new edition of the International Year Book andStatesmen's Who's Who and Who's Whoin Commerce and Industry.Evangeline Williams Stewart, '28, isa librarian at the national offices of theAmerican Medical Assoc, in Chicago.29Class reunion committee cards from theClass of 1929, scheduled for its first official get-together in five years, reveals thefollowing information from various members:Chester Alexander, '29, AM '33, PhD'42, is chairman of the committee on"Teaching the Gifted Student," and hasbeen working on a government financedresearch project, the findings of whichwere read at various academic conventions in the country.Clarence A. Bacote, AM '29, PhD '55,is the first Negro to have been elected tothe Democratic Executive Comm. in Atlanta, Ga.George J. Buchy, '29, has been electeddirector of Wittenberg College in Springfield, Ohio.Aline Grossman Epsteen, '29, writesthat her daughter, Lynn, is a student atthe U of C.Esther Espenshade, '29, AM '31, ischief of the division of statistics and research at the Illinois Department of Color,and editor of the Illinois Labor Bulletin.Leon R. Gross, '29, JD '30, has becomea hearing examiner in the Bureau of Rates and Practices of the I.C.C., having resigned from his position in the Office ofAlien Property in the Department of Justice.Walter Kincaid, '29, is principal of theRoxboro Junior High School in ClevelandHeights, Ohio; S. Zanie Edwards, X '17,and Albert Daugherty, '26, are the assistant principals.Donald B. MacGuineas, '29, JD '31,is representing the U. S. Department ofJustice in Washington, D. C, in connection with the Little Rock school litigation.Marjorie Niehaus Maxwell, '29, remarks that "it may be the Space Age forsome, but cake sales and church suppersare still the standard ways to keep upbudgets! Silver anniversaries seem to fillin tne rest of the time."Harriett Harris Micheaux, GertrudeMartin Roberts, Melba Schumachey, andKathryn Sandmeyer Loveland hope tomake the reunion this June.Muriel Ferguson Miller, '29, continuesteaching at Bowen High School in Chicago.Helen Walter Munsert, '29, reportsthat she still maintains a "double life"—hearing cases and writing orders for theI.C.C. in Chicago during the week, andfarming in Wheaton on week-ends.Rosalie Schultz Schell, '29, AM '31,is living in Bauxite, Ark., where her husband is working for the mining divisionof Alcoa.Bruce E. Wheeler, '29, has retired asassistant superintendent of schools inSpringfield, 111., and is now auditor in theoffice of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Illinois. He servedin the former capacity for 25 years.Edwarda Williams Van Beuschoten,'29, MA '35, is now living in Bronxville,N. Y., with her family.Alice Wolbach Wolff, 29, AM '38, isa proud member of the Grandmother'sClub, Inc., keeps busy serving on theboards of the Planned Parenthood Assoc,and the American Jewish Comm.; but stillhas time to "squeeze her grandson andreceive a moist kiss in return."Winifred D. Broderick, '29, alongwith teaching in Louisville, Ky., is "keeping out of mischief" by also teaching evening courses and leading a Great Booksdiscussion group for mentally gifted children. She closes her news note with thisthought: "I'm still proud that my firstdegree was from Chicago."24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJoseph Pinkert, '29, a Chicago resident, is serving as president of Congregation Rodfei Zedek, treasurer of Mt. SinaiHospital here, and holds the directorshipof the College of Jewish Studies, the Institute of Scrap Iron and Steel, and theSouth-East Chicago Commission.Leila Whitney Galbraith, '29, and herhusband, Nicoll, '33, live in ColoradoSprings, where Leila has recently forsakenthe golf course and bridge table for the"heartwarming experience" of teachingsixth graders. She comments further:"Thank goodness for that general surveycourse of the mid-Twenties."30-33Bertha Heimerdinger Greenbaum, '30,and her husband Michael, '24, live inGlencoe, 111. Michael is vice-president ofthe Lake Michigan Mortgage Co., andBertha is active in the League of WomenVoters and the Mental Health organization. Their reunion suggestions: "Let's allgo!!"Daniel De Vries, MD'30, tells us thathis son, Daniel Allen, is a freshman atthe U of C Medical School this year.Shlomo Marenof, '30, AM'32, has beenappointed Dean of the College of JewishStudies in Detroit; his wife, the formerMartha Friedman, '35, has had two volumes of a history of the Jewish peoplepublished.Newell S. Gingrich, PhD '30, has completed an appointment as a resident research associate at the Argonne NationalLaboratory in Lemont, 111., and now assumes a position as professor of physicsat the U of Missouri in Columbia.Tom Hard wick, AM '31, is on thestaff of KPFA— a non-profit listener-sponsored radio station— undoubtedly known towest coast audiences. A Time article,written by Bill Clark, '46, stated lastFebruary that KPFA is comparable onlyto the BBC, and is a program dedicatedto a "flood of culture and sophisticatedpolitical variety."Helen McFrancis Friedman, '31, livesin Los Angeles, where her husband isclinical professor of pathology at U.S.C.She comments that he was a resident inpathology at Billings when she first methim, and that her two daughters areheaded for the U of C before long.Charles G. Hunt, AM'31, has retiredfrom teaching, after 44 years.Minnie E. Larson, AM'31, has beenliving in San Francisco since her retirement from Nebraska State Teachers College in 1955.J* W. Schoolnic, MD'31, attended theinternational college of allergology inParis, took an extended tour of centralEurope, and flew from London in the PanAmerican Tet on its first trans-Atlanticflight.Mary Maize Stinson, '31, has a daughter, a first-year student, Maggie Stinson,in one of the leading roles of UT's production of Spring's Awakening. Maggie isthe granddaughter of Edith BehrhostMaize, '02.Edna Ballard Mack, '32, AM'47, is anassociate professor of library education atthe State University Teachers College inGeneseo, N. Y.Louis Ridenour, '32, associated withthe Lockheed Missiles Systems Divisionat Sunnyvale, Calif., was among 12 menelected as a fellow of the American RocketSociety.JANUARY, 1959 Harry Shernoff, '32, is a lawyer andmember of the Wisconsin Bar Association,and one time candidate for Wisconsinstate senator. He makes his home in Crivitz, Wis.Helen A. Hunscher, PhD '32, chairman of the department of home economicsat Western Reserve, has been named therecipient of the highest honor in the fieldof dietetics, the Marjorie Hulsizer CopherAward. Miss Hunscher is the author ofnumerous articles on child nutrition anddevelopment.E. Wilson Lyon, PhD '32, president ofPomona College, Claremont, Calif., wasawarded an honorary LLD degree byUCLA.Jose Guerrero Bueno, SM '33, is theembodiment of a "dream-almost-come-truesuccess story"; his fortune of $20 did nottake Jose very far when he landed in Chicago 34 years ago, eager to study medicine, but after 33 years of sorting mail forthe U. S. Post Office, he is now a staffmember of the oral pathology departmentat the U of Illinois, and is headed for adoctorate in physiology.Jane McCulloch, AM '33, reports thatshe now heads the Spanish Departmentof the Wichita Falls Senior High School,Texas.Louis B. Newman, MD '33, has received the VA meritorious service awardfor 1958— the highest citation conferredby this organization. Dr. Newman is chief,physical medicine and rehabilitation service, VA Research Hospital, Chicago, andprofessor of physical medicine at Northwestern University Medical School.James, '33, MD'34, and Elva Henicks-man Regan, '32, live in Glendale, Calif.,where Dr. Regan is surgeon and a member of the state Board of Medical Examiners, to which he was appointed by thegovernor.34-35The following news has come in fromreunion cards sent to the Class of 1934.Nelson J. Anderson, PhD '34, haschaired the department of chemistry andmathematics at Suffolk U., Boston, since1948, and has been a "guest" in chemicalresearch at M.I.T.Yvonne Kimbell Cusack, '34, teachesEnglish at McClure Jr. High School inWestern Springs, 111., and remarks thatseveral courses she has taken at the Downtown Center of the U of C "help her toremember how many fascinating thingsremain to be learned."Marguerite Chumley Early, '34, divides her time between San Francisco andthe Valley of the Moon in California. Asa member of the national board of theNational Association of Mental Health, shecontinues to find U of C graduates themost dependable for any community activity that she participates in.David B. Eskind, '34, is writing "TheArmy Hour" radio program from his officein the Pentagon.Alice Durkin Stanton, '34, teachesEnglish at Lindblom High School in Chicago, and spent the past summer touringcentral Europe; she found the centennialcelebration at Lourdes her "best experience."Jane Weber Weingart, '34, has threesons in various stages of academic progression, one at college, one at highschool, and one at the elementary schoollevel.Sara Jane LecKrone Whittier, '34, AM '46, is still active in dramatics, butinstead of going to Heaven— as she did inthe UT performance1 of "Little Eva," isdirecting the fall production of the Rock-vifle Little Theatre in Md. She finds that"it is much easier to memorize and actout one part only!"Betty Hansen Wilson, '34, finds thatlife is slowing down a little as her children reach the stage when they go off toschool, but still has enough energy forgolf and fishing trips, and very amateurart work.Helen Zaborowski, '34, took her dreamtrip of many years to Europe last summer,and now looks forward to being able togo around the world.Edward J. Bedava, 34, is an industrialengineer for the U. S. Army Signal Corp.He lives in Berwyn, 111., with his family.Mary Rockwell Dangremond, '34, andher husband Gerritt, '37, live in LakeBluff, 111., with their four children. Maryreports that they "five the life of mostsuburbanites, including annual vacations inTucson, Arizona."Mae Pinkovits Fields, '34, AM'57, announces the engagement of her daughter,Sheila, 58, to William Leiter, MA'57.Richard P. Shelley, '34, and his wife,the former Kathryn Dierssen, '33, havelived in Detroit for the past 17 years,where Richard is the automotive salesmanager for the Minnesota Mining andManufacturing Co. They have two children—a boy of 17 and girl of 13.Harold X. Summers, '34, JD'35, MBA'48, formerly a Chicago lawyer, was appointed to the National Labor RelationsBoard in October, as its deputy assistantgeneral counsel in the operations division.Helen Hielt Waller, '34, has been thedirectress of the N. Y. Herald TribuneForum since 1945. The delegates are selected by the Ministry of Education intheir native foreign countries, and the aimof their visits to various "host" schools andhomes in the New York area is to "bridgethe gap between what is traditionally assumed and what we must know todayabout the inter-relations of nations." The35 delegates coming in 1959 will spend aweek in Hagerstown, Md., using a closedcircuit educational television network inan experimental project-in-depth, to influence the international attitudes of thecommunity. Mrs. Waller poses a questionin this connection: "Has anyone at theU of C developed a before and after attitude test that would be useful for thispurpose?"Betty O'Connor Greene, '35, is themother of four, ranging in age from 13to 4. Prior to this time-consuming career,she taught in Montana and Albuquerque,N.M.Eleanor J. Sulcer, X '35, received anMS in Education from Indiana last August,Class Reunion Chairmen1909 John Schommer1914 Erling Lunde1924 Louis J. Stirling1934 Vincent Newman1939 Robert BrinkerRobert Greenebaum1944 Robert C. DilleJane Christie EpsteinDetailed announcements of the plansof reunion classes will be mailed during the coming months.25whopoweredtheworld'sfastestaircraftinviteYOU Due to expanding activities,career opportunities are nowavailable to qualified engineers atGeneral Electric's famedJet Engine Department in Cincinnati.But by "qualified", we mean morethan just an Engineering Degreeand two or more years' experiencein Jet Engine or component designor controls work. By "qualified" wemean a certain state of mind.If you like to meet and solve newproblems ... if you like the challengeof the unknown ... if you're the kindof man who likes to help writetomorrow's textbooks in today's testlabs . . . you're "qualified"the way we use that word.You'll be working with top menin the field . . . undisputed leadersin Jet Engine Design. You'll bepart of the same team thatproduced the J47 and the J79 . . .and you'll be helping producethe great new J93.You'll be working in a uniquesystem of decentralized operationthat encourages initiative andrewards ability; provides recognitionof individual accomplishment in anatmosphere of professional respect.General Electric!If you'd like to join us, send us a brief resume.Address Mark Elwood, Professional Placemen* Group CU ].GENERALJET ENGINE DEPARTMENT ELECTRICCINCINNATI 15, OHIO and has joined the honorary scholasticeducation fraternity, Pi Lambda Theta.Helen Johnson Ardrev, '35, is spendingthe year in^ Los Angeles, overseeing the"democratic" education of her 11-year-oldson; her husband, Bob, '30, remains inEurope meanwhile, his play, "Shadows ofHeroes," was performed in London thisfall, published in book form by Collinsof London.John Paul Scott, PhD'35, is the authorof a recently published book, Animal Behavior. Scott, senior staff scientist andchairman of the Division of BehaviorStudies at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Me., is oneof the numerous scientists studying aggression in animals in order to learn moreabout aggression in man. The study ofthis problem has led Scott to state that,"ours is a dangerous age in which the racebetween creative knowledge and destruction is closer than ever before. Destructionhas not yet arrived, and knowledge stillhas a chance . . . , so by studying thebasic processes of social action and organization we will be in a better position tounderstand war, and eventually to control it."Alvin M. Weinberg, '35, SM'36, PhD'39, is the co-author of a newly publishedU of C Press Book, The Physical Theoryof Neutron Chain Reactors. Mr. Weinberg,director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and his co-author, Eugene P. Wigner, state: "It is our purpose in this bookto present a unified account of reactortheory which we hope will help furtherthe scholarly tradition in the field of reactor physics." The Press calls this bookthe first comprehensive study of the entirefield of nuclear reactor physics; significantof its importance was its inclusion in the13-volume set of books which the U. S.presented to UN officials and others participating in the recent Geneva Atoms-for-Peace Conference.36-39Robert F. Baldaste, '36, has been appointed assistant manager of the organization department of Standard Oil, Indiana.Herbert C. Brown, '36, PhD "38, professor of chemistry at Purdue, has wonthe 1959 William H. Nichols MedalWhile he was at the U of C, he served aschemical consultant to the Argonne National Laboratories.Ewald B. Nyquist, '36, is deputy commissioner of education in the N. Y. StateDepartment of Education.Edward Schaar, '36, has been appointed an account executive with thefirm of Lynn- Western, Inc., in Los Angeles.Glen R. Simmons, '36, PhD '42, hasbeen appointed director of research anddevelopment at Western Electric Engineering Research Center, Princeton, N. J.He formerly held the position of superintendent of manufacturing engineering atW.E.'s Hawthorne Works in Chicago. Mr.Simmons is a member of the AmericanChemical Society.Alice Seefar Gordon, '36, is principalof the Drummond School in Chicago; shetells us that her son, Michael, '52, JD'55,has been discharged from active armyduty, as a legal observer in Panama.Aaron Bell, '37, is currently teachingat the New School for Social Research inNew York City and the Pratt Institute inBrooklyn. The German Federal Republic26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJack J. Carlson '40 Robert S. Miner '40sponsored his recent inspection tour of itsadult education facilities.William H. L. Meyer, Jr., SM'37,PhD'47, associate professor of mathematics at the U of C, has given two lectures,"A Mathematics for Statements'^ and"Mathematics— Implications of Sets," at aseminar program of Lake Forest Academy,in November.Wells D. Burnette, '37, is a trustee ofRoosevelt U., Chicago, and the NorthShore Unitarian Church in Lake Forest.He is also a member of the Board ofDirectors of the U.N. Assoc, of GreaterChicago and the Board of Budget Reviewof the Chicago Community Fund.Anders M. Myhrman, PhD '37, hasbeen appointed visiting lecturer in sociology at Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me.Paul W. Runge, '37, SM '47, has beenpromoted to executive director of nylonfor the Chemstrand Corp.Riley Sunderland, '37, has returned toschool— George Washington U in Washington, D. C— where he is working towardan MA in mathematics, at the same timeacting as consultant to the Army LogisticsResearch Project. He married Dr. BarbaraGroshen last May.George M. Messmer, '38, JD '40, waspromoted to vice-president of the westernregion of Emmons Jewelers, Inc. He andhis wife and family— two girls and a boy-live in Glendale, Calif.C. Nelson Wetherell, '38, MBA '49,has been appointed manager of the systems and procedures division of RyersonSteel Corp.Myron T. Hopper, PhD'38, chairmanof the board of higher education of theDisciples of Christ, is visiting professor atthe Garrett Biblical Institute of Northwestern.Earl L. Will, '38, has been appointedgroup leader in charge of the researchengine laboratory for the organic chemicals division of Monsanto, in St. Louis.Leah Spilberg Joseph, '39, MA'40,living in Pasadena, Calif., with her husband and three children, is currently president of the P.T.A. there.Harold M. Scholberg, PhD '38, hasjoined the research department of Monsanto Chemical Co.After a span of twenty years, the Classof 1939, meeting this June, sends thefollowing information:Vera Ellman Busch, '39, SM '50, andher husband, Albert, '40, MBA '58, live inEvanston with their five children.G. Richard, '42, and Jeanne TobinDuch, '39, are residents of Glenview,where they live with their five children.Alvin C. Graves, PhD '39, is attendingthe annual fall meeting of the Army Scientific Advisory Panel in Colorado Springs,Colo.David Kritchevsky, '39, SM '42, afterseveral years of work on cholesterol, haswritten a book of the same name, whichhas been published recently. He is anassistant professor of bio-chemistry inmedicine at the U of Pennsylvania.Merrill J. Roberts, MBA '39, PhD '52,has been appointed professor and head ofthe department of transportation at theU of Pittsburgh, where he has come fromthe U of Florida.Pauline O. Roberts, '39, is a districthealth officer for the Los Angeles CityHealth Department.Ruth Tupes Scearce, '39, is a busyfarmer's wife in Hemple, Mo., with herthree children.Theodore P. Fields, '39, JD '41, singsonly occasionally now, mostly for the Chicago Bar Assoc. Show; he is an assistantJANUARY, 1959 attorney general for the State of Illinois.Betty Grace Press, '39, finds that lifelargely revolves around "the varied activities of her fine girls."Marion Elisberg Simon, '39, has beenworking on reactivating her teaching certificate.Harrison Wilson Straley, III, PhD '39,is the exploration manager of the geologycompany that bears his name.Lorraine Larson Westerberg, '39, livesin Evanston with her three children, whereher husband is president of Kendall College.Dorothy Marquis Works, '39, feelslike a suburbanite in Scarsdale, N. Y.,having recently moved from Houston, Tex.She comments that she would like to seemore class-mates, and that Cecil Bathwell,'38, stopped by last summer.40-42Cyril O. Houle, PhD '40, was thesneaker at the November dedication ofWestern Reserve's new Newton D. BakerMemorial Building. He is a U of C professor of adult education, having beenhere since 1939.Merle M. Kauffman, AM '40, enioysreading the Magazine, especially the ClassNews section— and tells us that he is nowsuperintendent of the Waukegan Town-shin High School.Robert E. Merriam, AM '40, has beensworn in recently as deputy assistant tothe President for interdepartmental affairs in Washington, D.C. His politicalbackground includes having once been acandidate for mayor of Chicago.Hart Perry, AM '40, is deputy managing director of the Development LoanFund in Washington, D. C, a newlycreated organization, which loans moneyto businesses or governments for projectswhich promote economic develonment.Robert H. Ralston, PhD '40, has beennamed a senior research chemist by Hercules Powder Co.Robert S. Miner, '40, has been appointed manager of the chemical manufacturing division of CIBA Pharmaceutical Products, Inc., in Summit, N. T.James Merrin, AM'40, PhD'48, has been promoted to associate professor ofEnglish at the Colorado School of Mines.He was an instructor in English at theU of C from 1945 to 1947.Jack J. Carlson, '40, vice-president ofKaiser Steel Corp., has been elected tothe board of directors of the AmericanInstitute of Steel Construction. He livesin San Marino, Calif., with his wife andfive children. .»,».«Maud Rasmussen Cleworth, AM 40,taught at the reading clinic of IllinoisState Normal U., and spends her time nowcultivating roses; her husband, Marc, AM'33, is with D. C. Heath and Co. in Chicago, where he keeps contact with manyU of C people.Aaron Novick, '40, PhD 43, a memberof the U of C faculty for 11 years asassociate professor of microbiology and amember of the committee on biophysics,has been named Director of the Instituteof Molecular Biology at the U of Oregon.He assumes this post in Jajnuary.Norbert J. Scully, SM'40, PhD 42, senior physiologist at Argonne laboratories, isgroup leader of their division of biologicaland medical research. A plant growth hormone, gibberellic acid, promising greatercrop yields for farmers, is being used forexperiments. This acid can make plantstems grow longer, increase the length ofthe leaves and fruit yield, and act as asubstitute for light or temperature in somegermination and flowering processes.Among the group members working ; onthis experiment are John Skok, SM'37,PhD'41, and William Chorney, '49.Albert L. Jamison, PhD'41, has returned to his position as chairman of thedepartment of religion at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn., after spending ayear at Princeton as research associatewith the Special Program in AmericanCivilization. Reverend Jamison is the co-editor of a forthcoming volume on religionin American culture.William H. Coiner, '41, is co-authorof a book— An Evaluation of the FactorsContributing to Aluminum Power Connection Failures. He is also assistant supervisor of the electrochemistry section of theArmour Research Foundation at I.I.T. inChicago.Dale Tillery, '41, is supervisor of anew internship program for junior college27teachers at the U ot California; prior tothis, he was dean of instruction at ContraCosta College in Martinez, Calif.Marion B. Wolf, '41, after a summerof working at Virginia Polytechnic Institute assisting with a nutrition study, isback in Lafayette, La.Paul A. Florian, MBA '42, has beenappointed director of product planning atMiehle-Goss-Dexter, Inc., a Chicago manufacturer of printing equipment.Andrew J. Robbins, AM '42, extendsa cordial invitation to all alumni passingthrough Manila during the next five years,since he has assumed the presidency ofthe North Philippine Union Mission ofSeventh-Day Adventists.Joseph, '42 and Esther RosenbergSavit, 42, live in Maywood, 111., withtheir four children and a dog; Joe is achemist with the research section ofDietzgen Co. in Chicago.Albert C. Stewart, '42, SM '48, is agroup leader in radiation chemistry at theParma Research Laboratories of the National Carbon Co. He was presented withan award by St. Louis U. of which he isan alumnus, and the first of two Negroesto receive a doctorate from that institution.James L. Burtle, '42, AM'48, has returned to the U. S. after spending nineyears in the International Labor Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. He is nowworking as an economist for W. R. Graceand Co., and living in the WashingtonSquare Village apartments in GreenwichVillage.John D. McGill, Jr., AM'42, of Birmingham, Ala., is resident manager of adivision of the U. S. Pipe and Foundry Co.Robert L. Meyer, '42, and his wife, theformer Catherine Leinen, '47, live in theJeffery Manor section of Chicago, withtheir two children. Robert is editorialdirector of the National Safety Council.43-44Ruth H. Blackburn, MA'43, has beennamed assistant professor of English atMontclair State College, N. J.Marion B. Grady, AM'43, PhD'51, isteaching at Ball State Teachers College inMuncie, Ind.Eunice Hale Smith, '43, has beenelected to the national board of directorsof the Planned Parenthood Federation ofAmerica. She lives in Syracuse, N. Y.Jacob Van Staaveren, AM'43, historianfor the U.N. Command and the Far EastCommand in Tokyo for many years, nowresides in Washington, D. C, doing special research work for the Defense Department.Jean Harvey Hepner, '43, and herhusband, Walter, MD '44, are busy withtheir four children. Jean participates inGirl Scout activities, along with her girls,and in Cub Scout activities, with her boys.Her husband is a professor of pediatricsat Missouri U.John R. Hogness, '43, MD '46, hasbeen a practicing Seattle physician, andnow assumes his new post as director ofthe U of Washington Hospital.David T. Perry, '43, enters a privatesurgery practice, but will retain his faculty position in the department of surgeryat the U of C Medical School and in theclinics of Cook County Hospital.The compilations from the class reunioncommittee cards shows that the Class of1944 is involved with families and careers. Urchie B. Ellis, '44, JD '49, is with theLaw Department of the Illinois CentralRailroad.Jane Christie Epstein, 44, has twochildren in the U of C Lab and Nurseryschools; she busies herself with pianostudy, Italian, sewing, and traveling.Frederick L. Hilgert, '44, MD '45,was married recently; his best man wasStanley H. Moulton, MD '45. Fred is inpractice at the Crenshaw Medical Centerin Los Angeles.Louise Kachel, '44, teaches fifth gradein Denver, and has just returned fromfour years in Paris, running the OverseasWork Camps Program for the AmericanFriends Service Committee. She commentsthat it is quite a transition— France offereda predominately college-age internationalgroup! i-Anna Shaef er Leopold, Jr., 44, andher husband, Lou, X f47, can't make thereunion because they expect to be inEurope this June — rucksack, Volkswagenand all. Seeing the campus briefly a fewmonths ago, brought this comment: "Newgirl's dorms lovely and modern, but detractnot a whit from fond memories of dearFoster!"Morris R. Lewenstein, '44, AM '47, iscurrently assistant professor of social science at San Francisco State College, Calif.,and is newly married to the former IdaJenkins.Joan Wehlen Morrison, '44, and herhusband, Bob, PhD '44, are living inMorristown, N. J.; their home has theassets of a fireplace, large maple treesoutside, and plenty of room for children,Bobby and Jimmy. Bob commutes to hisposition as associate professor of chemistryat N.Y.U., and Joan still keeps on withher free-lance magazine articles.Joan Lindsee Nuff, '44, belongs to aGreat Books course, and reports that thereare four little Nuffs.Elizabeth Headland Oostenbrug, '44,and her husband, Bill, '43, are movingfrom Hinsdale to Omaha, Neb. Althoughthey will miss the Chicago area, theyare looking forward to meeting alumniin Omaha.Fay Horton Sawyer, '44, and her husband, Cal, AM '42, live in the "shadow"of their alma mater in Chicago; Fay reports a brood of four, and that she isback in school in quest of a PhD.Mary Diamond Schulman, '44, MA'47, admonishes the Alumni Assoc, for reminding her of the passage of time. Hertwo children attend the Lab School, andher husband is on the faculty of the Medical School, so she actually hasn't grownapart from the University community!Janice Brogue Spofford, '44, PhD '55,teaches biology at the U of C, and an nounces that she recently acquired a lovely, but oversized Kenwood home. Her lastvacation was cut short by a head-on autocollision, but she reports that all is almost back on schedule.Gladys Shellene Stanley, '44, acts asa substitute teacher of mathematics inCastro Valley, Calif., where her husbandis with the Shell Development Co.Jack A. Batten, '44, MBA'50, has returned to school for post-graduate work.Living in Oklahoma for six winters, Jackreports that he has "become a softie— Ohioweather has chilled him already!"Barbara Wenzel Crowley, '44, says"the score now stands at 4 boys and 2girls." They have moved to a spacioushome in Pasadena, "to accommodate theoverflow of people and possessions, ranging from boxing gloves and trombones totricycles and rattles." She enjoys her active association with the Alumni Club, andthe annual Sigma luncheon reunion. Shewould like to hear from any Sigmas whohave recently moved to California.Maryce Klaff Sloan, '44, MBA'47, livesin Chicago with her husband and fourboys, and is active in the P.T.A.45-46Angela Jean Del Vecchio, '45, a practicing clinical nurse and instructor at theColumbia-Presbyterian Medical Center,and one time associate director of nursingeducation at Michael Reese Hospital inChicago, has been appointed assistant professor of nursing at the U of Michigan'sSchool of Nursing in Ann Arbor.Roger Englander, '45, is in the television end of composing, having writtenthe theme song for "Our Miss Brooks."Ray, JD '45, and Nancy Feldman, '44,JD '46, are living in Tulsa, Okla. Ray ispracticing law, and Nancy has returnedto the U of Tulsa, where she teaches sociology. They have two children to keepthem busy, and are also active in community activities.Daniel Goldberger, '45, AM '50, andhis wife, the former Ida Patinkin, '46,have four children, and live in Denver,where Daniel is the rabbi of Congregation Beth Joseph.Samuel D. Golden, AM '45, JD '49,has recently been appointed head of thelegal department at Argonne NationalLaboratory. Mr. Golden was in privatelaw practice before coming to Argonnefive years ago.Virginia E. Smith, '45, has been appointed assistant dean of women at Montana State College; she was at KansasState College previously.UN PETIT PAIN .vaut sans doute mieux que pas de pain du tout, maise'est une maigre pitance pour les votres. Voyez a ceque votre assurance-vie soit suffisante pour protegerceux qui vous sont chers.Abordons ensemble cette question aujourd'hui.Ralph J. Wood, Jr.1 North LaSalle Street Franklin 2-2390SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEConstance A. Katzenstein, '46, AM'49,lives in Leonia, N. J., with her physicisthusband and their four children.Robert Perz, AM'46, has been appointed Director of Personnel for the Stateof Illinois, by Governor Stratton.Ann Bokman Akers, '46, '48, PhD'51, considers herself lucky to be livingin 'Cairo, Egypt, "where news is beingmade"; her husband is with the NavalMedical Research Unit and the State Department; their second child was born lastNovember in Cairo.Maj. Robert C. Dwyer, '46, is a staffand faculty member of the U.S. Armyand General Staff College at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.Perry LeFevre, '46, PhD '51, is associate professor of theology and educationat the U of C's Federated TheologicalFaculty.Edward Miller, '46, is a manufacturer'sagent, representing Williams FurnitureCorp.Frederick J. Port, MBA '46, has beenappointed general manager of the automotive division of The Electric StorageBattery Co.Nominees for the American LibrarianAssoc, include: Benjamin E. Powell,PhD '46, Duke; Raynard C. Swank, PhD'44, Stanford; Harold W. Tucker, AM '41,Queens Borough Public Library; FrankL. Schick, '47, AM '48, Wayne State;Arthur M. McAnally, PhD '51, U ofOklahoma; John M. Dawson, PhD '56,Asst. Director of Preparations at theU of C; Miriam E. Peterson, '47, withthe Chicago Public Library system; andLester Asheim, Dean, Graduate LibrarySchool at the U of C.Alfred Schwartz, AM '46, PhD '49,is Dean of the Community College atDrake in Des Moines, la., and he tellsus that this organizational branch of Drakeis similar to the Downtown College of theU of C. The former dean, John Hutchinson, AM '26, PhD '41, has retired fromthis post to become a professor of education in the college.47-49Bessie Barbee, '47, AM'48, has retiredfrom her position with the Oak ParkBoard of Education and is now living inEdge wood, 111.Marilyn Holzman Horwitch, '47, announces the newest addition to her family,Ilene Gail, making the whole a happyfoursome.Ruth ("Betsy") Walker Smith, '47,and her husband, Jim, MD'49, are livingin Hamilton, Ohio, where Jim is in privatemedical practice. They miss Nell CrumbHenry, '12, SM'15, and Jim Noble, X'34,from the Cleveland Alumni Club, butRuth is sure that they'll find a Club inHamilton.Enid Harris Galler, '47, AM '50, andher husband, Bernard, '47, PhD '55, livein Ann Arbor with their two children,Bruce, 3, and Elaine, 1. Bernard has recently been promoted to assistant professor of mathematics at the U of Michigan.Jerry Sherman Olson, '47, '48, SM '49,PhD '51, is a member of the staff of thehealth physics division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory.Arthur G. Olsson, '47, works on digitalcomputers for R.C.A. Airborne SystemsLaboratory.Richard W. Boone, '48, is the directorof a Y.M.C.A. program in Chicago. His main concern will be with "hard-to-reachyouth" in Chicago's "inner city."Floyd J. Landis, '48, is developmentdirector of the medical-biological sciencesdepartment at the U of C.Lloyd S. Nelson, '48, SM '51, PhD '54,a member of the American Chemical Society and the honorary society, Sigma Xi,is the co-discoverer of a new techniquefor basic research on high temperaturereactions. The process involves exposingorganic compounds to intense light flashes,which in turn produce temporary hydrocarbon by-products. Bell Telephone laboratories state that information on the truereaction products should be forthcomingfrom these studies.Arnold L. Tanis, '48, MD '51, and hiswife, Maxine Kroman Tanis, '48, aresituated in Hollywood, Fla., with theirthree children.George J. Worth, '48, AM '51, and hiswife, the former Carol Dinsdale, are installed in a new home in Lawrence, Kan.,where George is an assistant professor ofEnglish at the U of Kansas. They havetwo children.Lawrence S. Yellin, '48, has returnedfrom his second trip to Europe and Israel,and is still unable to find the solution tothe pervading feeling that Americans areunpopular abroad.George A. Curtis, '48, AM'51, and hiswife, the former Jean Adams, AM'49,live in La Porte, Ind., with their threeyear old daughter. George is the head ofthe La Porte Public and County Libraries.Mitchell D. Edelson, Jr., '48, passedthe Illinois Bar examination in September,and is a practicing attorney in the Chicago firm of Edelson and Krauss, and thefather of a new-born son.Josephine Schlenck Gumbiner, AM'48, is working for the Los Angeles County Bureau of Adoptions.Arnold D. Palley, '48, has been namedmanaging director of Urwick-Diebold,Ltd., a newly formed British firm specializing in automatic data processing andautomation consulting. Mr. Palley, withhis wife and family, now make their homein London.Martin Paltzer, '48, has been namedone of the "Ten Outstanding Young Men"of Chicago for the current year.Thomas R. Sternau, '48, JD'51, andhis wife announce the birth of a daughter,Susan Ann, on October 20.Bernard Weinstock, PhD'48, living inWestern Springs, 111., has returned from ayear at the Clarendon Laboratory at Oxford, where he studied on a GuggenheimFellowship.Robert S. Blatt, '49, JD'52, is a lawpartner in the Chicago firm, Curtis, Friedman and Marks.Hubert Bonner, PhD'49, a member ofthe psychology department of Ohio Wesleyan, has a forthcoming book, GroupDynamics: Principles and Applications, being published by the Ronald Press, andSocial Psychology: An InterdisciplinaryApproach, under revision for a second edition.Thomas W. Fourqurean, MBA'49, former assistant director of Hermann Hospital, has been named associate administrator of Methodist Hospital, in Houston,Tex.George J. Fulkerson, '49, and his wife,the former Ruth Black, '50, live in Birmingham, Mich., where George practiceslaw and is president of the metropolitanDetroit Alumni Assoc.Robert L. Farwell, JD'49, a Chicagobanker, has been named president of theMental Health Society of Greater Chicago. Lxcluiive CleanedWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6-3192CHICAGO ADDRESSING SPRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY— SPEED711 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561^towir YOUR COSTSIMPROVED MSTHODSEMPLOYE TRAININGVWAGE INCENTIVES^JOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURES mJANUARY, 1959 29PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBaclc Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICELEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Parle 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERWasson - PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2 1 1 6-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good— or —Wasson DoesBEST BOILERREPAIR&WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoProducersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H« Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4Phone: REgent I -33 1 1The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purpomt1142 E. 82nd Street Peter Selz '49The agency was formed eight months ago.Dan Kletnick, AM'49, is chairman ofHirsch High School's English departmentin Chicago.Olga Glassman Parker, '49, and herhusband, Watson, '48, live in Hill City,S. D., with their three children and theirtwo dogs. Olga extends an invitation toany alumni who "get out our way."Robert W. Rietz, AM'49, director ofthe U of C's Indian program in Tama, la.,has become director of the American Indian Center in Chicago. He is workingwith a staff of seven, six of whom areIndians. The Center is a private socialagency providing recreational, educationaland welfare service to the American Indian populace of greater Chicago.Stanley A. Zahler, SM'49,; PhD'52,presently at the U of Washington's Schoolof Medicine in the department of microbiology, joined the microbiology facultyat West Virginia U in Morgantown, accompanied by his wife, the former JanHaugncss, X 52, and their three children.Stanley sends us news of Neal Groman,PhD'50, and his family. Neal is a memberof the same department at the U of W,and is spending the year at the PasteurInstitute in Paris.Peter Selz, AM'49, PhD'54, formerlychairman of the Art Department of Pomona College and director of the PomonaCollege Gallery in Claremont, Calif., hasbeen appointed curator of the Departmentof Painting and Sculpture Exhibitions atthe Museum of Modern Art in New YorkCity. He is author of German ExpressionistPainting, and numerous articles including"The Aesthetic Theories of Wassily Kan-dinsky and Their Relationship to theOrigin of Non-Objective Painting," whichappeared in The Art Bulletin. Mr. Selzwas art historian at the Institute of Design in Chicago, and taught at the University of Illinois and the U of C.50-51Ira S. Cohen, AM'50, PhD'55, teachesat Pierce Junior College in WoodlandHills, Calif., where he shares an officewith Walter Porges, '40, AM'42. Fromtime to time, he sees Norman (Jack) C. R. Wharton, Jr. "56Penland, AM'53, Hubert Joy, '49, SM'52,and William Pennington, SM'52.Sanford M. Dornbusch, AM'50, PhD'52, and his co-author, Louis Schneider,have scrutinized our present day inspirational religious literature in their book,Popular Religion: Inspirational Books inAmerica. Mr. Dornbusch, associate professor of sociology at the U of Washington, Seattle, has found that certain trendscan be followed in the appeal that Norman Vincent Peale, Fulton J. Sheen, etc.,have on the American public. Among theseare the stress on a man-centered ratherthan a God-centered religion and the emphasis on the material benefits that mayresult from religious activity.Margaret Johnson, '50, has been appointed assistant principal in charge ofcurriculum and instruction at Hyde ParkH. S. in Chicago. She has taught here forthe past seven years, and is chairman ofthe social science department of theschool.Arthur Uhlir, Jr., SM'50, PhD'52, hasjoined Microwave Associates, Inc., in Burlington. Mass., as director of semiconductorresearch and development.Karl R. Zimmer, Jr., '50, and his wife,the former Rarbara Evans, '49, write tous from The Hague, Holland, where Karlis the European representative for Fefferand Simons, Inc., a publishing firm.Stephen Levin, '50, SM '53, has joinedShell Oil Co. of Houston as a researchchemist in the organic and analytical research section, after having completed ayear of post-doctoral study in the Institute of Organic Chemistry at the U of C.Carlton Smith, AM 50, served as areporter for U.P. and the Chicago Tribunebefore getting his graduate history degreefrom UC, and doing doctoral work on aFord Foundation fellowship. He nowserves as director of educational coursesfor Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Inc.George S. Ronn, AM '51, has beenappointed chief of the science and technology division of the New York PublicLibrary. Prior to this he held a Fulbrightaward for study in Japan, and has taughtin the library schools of various universities in the country.LeRoy E. Ellinwood, Jr., PhD 51,practices medicine and is chief of staff atUravant Hospital in Colo., where he lives30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwith his wife and their five children.Eugene L. Fevold, PhD'51, has beeninstalled as professor of church history atdie Lutheran Theological Seminary in St.Paul, Minn.Laurence Reich, '51, JD'53, is "stillleading the good single life of a bachelor,"practicing law in Jersey City, N. J., andplaying tournament bridge "though without notable success." Laurence encountered John H. Rau, '52,? JD'55, andGeorge Kaufmann, '50, JD'54, in a recent bridge tournament. John is in a NewYork law practice, and George is a lawyerin Washington, D. C.Matthew Dillon, '51, was present at aparty given by the American Ambassadorto the Court of St. James last October,where he was engaged in a debate, voicing the affirmative, that the U. S. andGreat Britain should encourage the expansion of the U.A.R. to include all theArab world. A highlight of the stay wasdining in the original Pump Room in Bath.Paul S. Mostert, SM ol, is now associate professor of mathematics at TulaneUniversity.Wilfred A., PhD '51, and his wife,Carol Lundie Pemberton, PhD '51, arekept rather busy in the environs of theU. of Delaware, where Bill is director oftesting and counseling, and Carol is keptbusy tending to their four children. Theyrelate that John Withall, PhD '48, andhis wife visited them this summer, enroute to Pakistan, where John is executivesceretary of the Fulbright Foundation.Clinton D. Pflaum, AM '51, FrederickR. Ritter, AM '51, PhD '55, and MarshallWernick, '49, have been named to thestaff of I.I.T. They are, respectively, instructors in architecture, German, andchemical engineering.52-56Enid Sharp Bier man, '52, '54, gavebirth to a daughter, Jessica, on October 2.Leonard D. Borman, AM '52, hastaken a new position as chief of anthropology service at the VA Hospital in Downey,111., and at the same time, continues toserve as a member of the board of directors of the American Indian Center.Julian R. Hansen, JD'52, is in generallaw practice with Richard B. Hansen,JD'57, in their Chicago office.Howard Levine, '52, married to theformer Ann Longley, '53, is electronicdata processing analyst at R.C.A.; theylive in Haddonfield, N. J., with their son.Francis X. Paz, '52, AM'57, is livingat International House in New York, wherehe is studying for a PhD in Near Easternlanguages at Columbia. Paz informs usthat George Jackson, PhD'58, is travelling in Central America, studying publichealth on a government grant, and willreturn to New York to do research for theRockefeller Foundation.Susan Hair Stone, '54, and her husband, Jerome, '54, live in Danville, III.,where Mr. Stone is minister of the Plymouth Congregational Church.William B. Wolf, PhD '54, formerlywith the faculty of business administrationat the U of Washington in Seattle, is avisiting professor of business administration at the U of Southern California; healso announces the birth of a son, RichardKingsland, now almost a year old.Charles P. Carlson, '55, is a recentgraduate of the Naval Air IntelligenceSchool, Washington, D. C, and is nowJANUARY, 1959 serving on the staff of Rear Adm. Clark,Commander of attack aircraft carriers inthe Seventh Fleet.William C. Hillman, '55, has graduated from Boston U Law School; he is amember of the Rhode Island bar, and apartner in the firm of Factor, Chernickand Hillman.Joel Kupperman, '55, MA '56, is doing graduate work at Kings College, Cambridge, England.Harvey R. Orzech, '55, MBA '56, ispresently with the Kaiser Gypsum Co. inOakland, Calif., as their internal auditor.Philip M. Roth, AM '55, was the recipient of an award for a short story,"Epstein," that appeared in the Paris Review this fall. The award was presentedby the Aga Khan, publisher of the magazine, in Paris last June.John David Lyon, '55, one-time president of ISL and 1956 recipient of theAlumni-Dean's award, has been elected tothe Board of Student Advisors at HarvardLaw School. The members of this Boardare selected from high ranking students intheir last two years of law school, andamong their duties is the administration ofthe Ames Competition— which sets up themoot courts, ultimately judged by a Supreme Court Justice and a member of theA.B.A.Helen Naglistad Buckley, AM '56, announces the birth of her first child, a son,born last May. Both she and her husbandare on the faculty of Concordia College,in Moorhead, Minn.Catherine Condit Graham, '56, informsus that her husband received his BS inphysics at the University of Alaska lastspring.Jean Sinclair, PhD '56, was married toDavid Symmes, PhD '55, a year ago; theyhave a three month old son.Clifton R. Wharton, Jr., AM'56,PhD'58, has been appointed field associatein agricultural economics for Malaya andnearby Southeast Asian countries by theCouncil on Economic and Cultural Affairs,Inc. Dr. Wharton has worked for theU of C on the National Planning Association's project evaluating U. S. technicalassistance activities in Latin America, anddid a study on how Asian students' graduate training in agricultural economicscould be improved.Tunis H. Dekker, AM '56, has joinedthe staff of Michigan State U. as assistantto the director of continuing education.Ivan M. Moser, MBA 56, is in theresearch department of the Chicago Federal Reserve Bank.Col. John H. Rust, PhD '56, chief ofthe veterinary pathology and animal caresections of the Armed Forces Institute ofPathology, and chairman of the life sciences exhibit committee of the A.E.C. isretiring from active duty, after 23 years'service in the Army.57-58Roderick Freedman, '57, announcesthe birth of a daughter, Rosalie Ann, onJuly 10.Raymond R. Gerlik, AM '57, hasformed a testing, tutoring, guidance andcounselling service— Educational ServicesAssociates— in Chicago, that supersedes hisreading clinic.Marshall J. Hartman, '57, JD '57, isworking as probation officer in juvenilecourt, a part of the Circuit Court of Cook County. He is also director of youth activities at the South Side Hebrew Congregation in Chicago.Alfred S. Illingworth, PhD '57, is usinghis doctorate degree from the New Testament department of the U of C Humanities Division, at Phillips U., Enid, Okla.,where he is an associate professor in theNew Testament department of the Graduate Seminary.Dan M. Moose, AM '57, is an instructor in economics at De Pauw U. in Green-castle, Ind., where he lives with his wifeand daughter.Sandra Epstein Nachamie, '57, livingin Chicago temporarily, and moving toNew York in June where her husband willdo his medical internship and residency,announces the birth of a "Friday the Thirteenth" daughter, who is a year old thisDecember.James R. Sylla, MBA '57, has transferred from a subsidiary of Standard Oilof California to a refining company in SaltLake City, Utah, which is also connectedwith the corporation.Joseph D. Abatie, '57, tells us that heenjoys the Magazine, and also that he hasjust finished a year as research assistant inthe Department of Pediatrics, Western Reserve, studying fat metabolism in rats. Heentered the freshman class at Western Reserve Medical School this fall.Albert V. Alhadeff, MBA '57, has recently been drafted, and is presently stationed at Fort Sill, Okla., as a costaccountant for ordnance.David N. Hartman, AM '57, is ateacher at Santa Ana College in Calif., inthe fields of history, political science, andastronomy.Sherry Feinberg Israel, '57, and herhusband, Richard, AB '50, have celebrated their first anniversary at UCLA,where Richard is the associate director ofthe Hillel Council, and Sherry is presentlyworking on her MA in psychology.Nathan Kubel, X '57, has recentlymarried the former Tobi Levin; they planto live in Chicago.William H. Maehl, Jr., PhD '57, hasrecently been appointed visiting professorof history at Washington College, Chester-town, Md.Barbara Frankel Wald, '57, and herhusband, Martin, MBA '57, five in Milwaukee, where Barbara teaches, and Martin is with the Inland Steel Products Co.Eight members of the Class of '58, whoare among the scholars beginning theirgraduate work as Woodrow Wilson Fellows, are:Edmund F. Becker, Jr., John A.Brentlinger, John D. Brewer, ElizabethGinsburg, Raymond J. Kingsley, NancyK. Kotler, Judith L. Podore, and SusanW. Tax.Donald H, Miller, '58, is continuinghis postgraduate studies in the departmentof city and regional planning at the Berkeley campus of the U of California. Heholds a $2,000 Sears-Roebuck FoundationAward for City Planning and Urban Renewal. Among his activities as an undergraduate at the U of C, Don served aspresident of the student government in1956-57, and finds the greatest benefit ofthe "Alumni-Dean's Award" to be his five-year complimentary membership in theMagazine.Lt. Col. Edward B. Krainik, MBA '58,has been assigned to duty with the LosAngeles Army Ordnance District, afterhaving observed management methods infive Chicago companies.Carl Tjerandsen, PhD '58, writingfrom Bronxville, N. Y., comments tersely—"Finally completed that PhD."31MemortafJosephine T. Allin, '99, cited by theAssociation in 1941, died at her home inOjai, Calif, in October. She had retiredfrom teaching, and during her lifetime hadserved on numerous alumni boards.Allan Hopkins, '99, died in March inLincoln, Neb.Edith Edwards, '01, who had beenhospitalized for several years, died in NewYork City in August.Jeremiah H. Metzger, MD Rush '01,died in May.News of the death of Louis DodgeKerr, '02, has come to us from her husband, W. R. Kerr, Jr., '03.Henry O. Bruggemann, MD Rush '03,died in April.Agnes MacNeish, '04, head of themathematics department at a Chicagohigh school, died in October. She hadlived in Hyde Park most of her life, untilshe moved to Rockford, 111. this year.Franklin T. Potts, MD Rush '04, diedin July.Robert A. Anderson, MD Rush '06,died at his home in Santa Rosa, Calif, inOctober.Marcus W. Lumbard, '06, a residentof Des Moines, la., died in October.Lucy Porter McCurdy, '06, died inChicago on October 26.Bernard Iddings Bell, '07, an honoraryEpiscopal canon of the Cathedral of St.James, Chicago, and former professor ofreligion at Columbia, died in September,after a long illness. He was educationconsultant to the Episcopal Bishop of Chicago, and represented his diocese on theU of C campus.Franklin Pierce Catlin, X '13, died athis home in Pasadena, Calif., in November.Charles E. Brown, X '13, died on September 6, in San Diego, Calif.Walter Dyson, AM '14, emeritus professor of history at Howard U in Washington, D.C, died suddenly on August 27.He had retired from teaching in 1946,having been a member of Howard's faculty for 41 years.Emily Burry Lee, '15, a resident ofBronxville, N. Y., died in June.John H. Lewis, AM '15, died on October 3, in Atlanta, Ga.Robert F. Sandall, '15, resided in Edmonds, Wash, until his death in August.Gustave J. Degenkolb, AM '16, diedat his home in Los Angeles, on August 17.Rose Lee Lisenby, '16, died last December.Arthur R. Stover, SM '16, died onFebruary 9.Buell A. Patterson, '17, public relations executive for Communications Counselors, Inc., a New York firm, died onNovember 18. A pioneer in the field ofpublic relations for the aviation industry,Mr. Patterson was associated with Curtiss-Wright, American Airlines, and Pan American over the years. Prior to World WarII, he wrote the syndicated columns,"America Out of Doors" and "Dog Chats,"32 and served as sports broadcaster for KYWin Chicago in the Twenties. Attention wascalled to Mr. Patterson's death by a business associate, Albert W. Sherer, '05.Ernest E. Tippin, MD Rush '19, diedon October 30, in Wichita, Ken.Inez B. Scott, '21, died in Maiden,Mass., last March.Clarke S. Kessler, '22, AM '37, a Chicago resident, died in St. Luke's Hospitalin August.Arward Starbuck, AM '22, a memberof the faculty at Iowa State College inAmes, died last January.Dwight Van Del, '22, MD '25, died inAugust in Kansas City, Mo.Maude Adeline Cusick, '23, died inJuly, at her home in Glendale, Calif.John F. Huff, '23, died in Tucson,Ariz., in December of 1957.Harold H. Griffin, '23, died in August.Ernest O. Lawrence, X '24, Nobelprize winner for his invention of the atom-smashing . cyclotron, died in Palo Alto,Calif., in* August. At the time of hisdeath, he was director of the radiationlaboratory at Berkeley.Frances Felice Mauck, '25, died inDecatur, Ga. in August.John Laurie, '27, a resident of Highland Park, 111., died in June.Charles W. Porter, AM '27, died athis home in Sarasota, Fla. last July.Winston H. Tucker, SM '27, PhD '30,MD '34, past-president of numerous medical associations in Chicago, including theIllinois Public Health Assoc, died lastAugust.Elizabeth A. Lyle, '30, SM '37, died ather home in Whiting, Ind., in September.William Stauffer, MD '31, died in October of a heart condition, at his home inAllentown, Pa.Marshall E. Neuberg, '32, JD '34, whohad been a Chicago lawyer for the past25 years, died on October 27.John N. Watren, MD '39, died on September 4, in Moscow, Ida,Robert G. Reynolds, '40, managementtraining supervisor for the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. in New York,died in Chicago, while on a business tripin October. Mr. Reynolds, a lieutenantcolonel in the Marine Corps, had receiveda Silver Star Medal and a Purple Heart,and was buried in Arlington NationalCemetery.George C. Barker, AM '43, PhD '47,of Pacific Palisades, Calif., died last March.Estelle Hoffman, '49, died at her homein Elizabeth, N. 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Whether it's a "toadstool" that springs up overnight or a cancer cellthat suddenly comes into being, we've a lot tolearn about the whole beautiful process of orderly growth . . . and the dreadful, senselessgrowth that is cancer.The cancer puzzle is tied up in growth— growth of body cells smaller than the periodson this page.Scientists, working under grants from theAmerican Cancer Society, are ceaselessly studying cells — normal and cancer cells. And theytoo are asking: Why? Why do cells suddenly change from normalgrowth to uncontrolled, disorderly growth? Thisquestion can be answered only by the mostprobing, painstaking and costly research.Your contributions to the AmericanCancer Society will support hundreds of scientific studies necessary to save lives today andtomorrow.Remember : Cancercan strike anyone. Butyou can strike backhard with your dollars. Send your gift toCANCER in care ofyour local post office.Mark these datesfor June ReunionMore laterThe University of Chicago Alumni Association