MARCH 1957INDUSTRY'S AID TO EDUCATIONPAGE 16"Telephones are ubiquitous?""Yes, telephones are ubiquitous"Robert Day, the well-known cartoonist who drew this picture, was alittle afraid there might be some peoplewho wouldn't know what we meant byubiquitous. "It's a pretty big word,"he said."Dont worry," we told him. "We'lljust put in a little reminder that the dictionary says ubiquitous means 'existingor being everywhere at the same time.' " There's surely no better way to describe telephones ! They're not only inmillions of homes and offices but justabout everywhere you go. In storesand at gas stations! At airports, busdepots and railroad stations! Out-of-doors !Throughout the country, there arehundreds of thousands of these publictelephones for your convenience. So the next time something comesup when you're away from home orthe office, or there's some news you'dlike to share with someone, just stepup to one of those nearby telephonesand call.You can save yourself a lot of running around, be a number of places ina few minutes, and get things settledwhile they are fresh in your mind.Working together to bring people together . . . Bell Telephone SystemMEMO PAD\t last, a busaround campusbe University may be an inspir-island of culture in a big city. Buton cold winter mornings, sultry summer afternoons, or dark nights afterlibrary hours, the island is too farfrom public transportation.So, on February 4th, the Universitywent into a family bus business.The rcute starts at Stony Islandand 59th Street, picks up Illinois Central commuters and continues west toCottage Grove, north to 57th Street,east to Stony Island, and back to59th, a 15-minute loop.At present the bus will run onlythe five days a week the Universityis open, Mondays through Fridays.The hours: 7:30—10 A.M. and from3:30—11:30 P.M. The service beganwith a station wagon, with plans toshift to a 40-passenger school bus asor if the service becomes popular.Five cents a ride is all it will coststudents and University personnel —or $2 a month for unlimited rides.All tickets must be purchased at designated points on campus. The driverwill handle no cash. Nor will he permit "the public" to use the service.The University can not go into thepublic transportation business. Ob-William H. Hatfield, Jr.March, 1957 viously, the service will need to belargely subsidized.This is another example of thecurrent administration's enlightenedpolicy of being concerned for themembers of the University familyand its community.MeanwhileAt the Trustees' annual dinner forthe faculty, Chancellor Kimpton, in amellow, after-dinner mood, reportedon his summer trip to a conferencein England.At Stratford-on-Avon, Kimptonwas entertained by dignitaries at theShakespeare production. During intermission, they were on the balconyoverlooking the river. Subjects forconversation were nearing exhaustion.To fill a pause Kimpton finallysaid, "A beautiful setting. By theway, what river is this?"Fifty years agoThe Class of 1907 returns to campuson June 7 to celebrate their fiftiethanniversary. They will be honored bythe Alumni Association with its 50-year medals.These "students" will remember itwas in their senior year that AlbertA. Michelson, Chairman of the Department of Physics, was awarded thefirst Nobel Prize in physics to be wonby an American- — for his studies ofthe speed of light.The first Mother's Day, with whitecarnations, was observed in Philadelphia.Hurd Hatfield Oklahoma joined the United States.The 1907 panic began with a runon the Knickerbocker Trust Co. ofNew York.The Lusitania, (largest ship in theworld), arrived in New York on hermaiden run with a new speed record.And in the Army and Navy Journal, January, 1907, Professor Schutze,of The University of Chicago, advanced a "novel" argument for compulsory military training: It wouldtend to improve American manners."The rich, who tend to be snobs,forced to mix on equal terms withless fortunate countrymen, wouldsoon get over their haughtiness."The poor man's couchAnn Landers, Chicago Sun-Times'advice-to-the-lovelorn columnist, withher 17-year-old daughter, was theguest of the students in Judson loungein January.Ann, who is clever as well as practical, and who is read by more Chicago faculty and students than anyone will admit (this is her secondcampus guest appearance) says,"Everybody has at least one neurosis| and] an advice column is a poorman's couch."In memory of dadHurd Hatfield, appearing at Chicago's Studebaker Theatre in TheImmoralist, wanted to memoralize hislate father on the campus of the lat-ter's Alma Mater before he returnedto New York.His father was the Honorable William Henry Hatfield, Jr., '04, at onetime deputy attorney general of NewYork State. His father had died justa few days before he was to returnto the Midway to receive his 50-yearmedal.Hurd is a modest, personable youngactor with the voice to do Romeo andJuliet for R.C.A. Victor and two volumes of Hearing Poetry for the Gaed-mon label. It was not for publicitybut really for dad that he visited thecampus and read a program of selected poetry in his father's memory.The program was sponsored by theHarriet Monroe Modern Poetry Collection and the English Club, with anoverflow crowd of students and faculty standing in the aisles of the Social Science Assembly Room. Areception was held for Hurd afterthe program.H.W.M.1ALUMNAE OF CHICAGO:YOU MAYQUALIFY FOR AN IMMEDIATECOMMISSION IN THE U. S.AIR FORCEIf you are a woman of executive ability . . . who enjoys the challenge of a major administrative position. If you like travel, freedom, and want opportunities for further educational and personal development... the U. S. Air Force offers you opportunities unlimited.Women officers in the Air Force today serve on equal footing with their male contemporaries. They hold down comparable jobs, with equal pay and equal chance for advancement. Nowhere else can a woman of a responsible and adventuresome nature find a morerewarding outlet for her talents.If you are such a woman, mail the coupon below, now. It will bring to you a complete storyof the WAF officer -with no obligation, of course.WAFU. S. AIR FORCE WAF, P.O. Box 2200 c-»i.c»»-.Wright-Patterson AFB, OhioPlease send me complete information on my opportunitiesfor a direct commission in the U. S. Air Force. I am a U. S.citizen between the ages of 21 and 39, and have no dependents under 18 years of age.NAME .STREET CITY SCHOOL. -ZONE STATE_ CLASS OF 2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfnjjfas fsssueTo alumni returning for reunion thisJune, the neighborhood may presenta startling sight. Whole blocks of buildings have been torn down, to make wayfor new ones. We hope that when theclass of 1950 returns for its tenth reunion,the plans now on the drawing boardswill have become reality. For a reporton the latest exciting developments inrenewal of Hyde Park, turn to Page 4.Two hundred friends of Nelson Norgren turned out on February 2 topay homage to the retiring basketballcoach. The pace for the day was set byHarlan "Pat" Page, a former Chicagocoach himself, who gave a very livelyresume of Nels' career. For a pictureof "Pat" in action, and of some of theothers who turned out for the occasion,turn to Page 10. A story of Nels himselfbegins on Page 8, "Tribute to a Twelve-Letter Man."A great many alumni are unaware ofthe fact that the University operatesArgonne National Laboratory, a leadingcenter for basic research in the physicaland biological sciences, and one of theworld's foremost nuclear reactor development centers. The laboratory, operatedfor the Atomic Energy Commission, is adirect descendant of the work of EnricoFermi. Located 25 miles southwest ofcampus, Argonne is one mile from theoriginal Palos Park site to which the firstreactor, built by Enrico Fermi and associates, was moved from under stands atStagg Field.Argonne recently initiated the nation'sfirst experimental boiling water reactor,which produces electricity using nuclearfuel. For details on the EBWR, turn to"Electricity from Nuclear Power" onPage 12.A ccording to sociologists, twentieth¦*¦¦ century man is going to run intotrouble if he doesn't learn how to makebetter use of his leisure time. Onealumnus, Dr. Emil Seletz, a brain surgeon, has the problem licked most satisfactorily. He's a sculptor in his off-dutyhours. Turn to "Surgeon Turned Sculptor" on Page 14 and see for yourself howsuccessful he is at his avocation.V* ou may be one of the many thousandswho were helped through college bya scholarship provided by some businessfirm. Whether or not you are, we thinkyou'll find the statistics released by theCouncil for Financial Aid to Educationmake interesting reading. See "Industry'sAid to Edu&ation" on Page 16. On the following two pages, we present some current scholarship-holders. X^^^S "^ UNIVERSILfaccrao MARCH, 1957MAGAZINE (J Volume 49, Number 6FEATURES48121416 One Step Closer — Hyde Park's RedevelopmentTribute to a Twelve-Letter ManElectricity from Nuclear PowerSurgeon Turned SculptorIndustry's Aid to EducationDEPARTMENTSI Memo Pad3 In This Issue20 News of the Quadrangles24 Alumni Foundation News26 Book Reviews28 Class News36 MemorialCOVERJohn G. Thompson, 24, of Jefferson City, Mo., a graduate studentin mathematics, holds forth on one of his favorite subjects, mathematics, with a friend in Eckhart Hall. John, AM '56, earned his ABat Yale. He plans to teach after graduation, and is typical of severalthousand students who benefit each year from scholarships donatedby industry. John has a $3,000 fellowship, awarded by the International Nickel Co. For more on this subject, turn to "Industry's Aidto Education" on Page 16. (Photo by Morton Shapiro.)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditor Editorial AssistantFELICIA ANTHENELLI STEPHEN B. APPELTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORAN The Alumni FundORLANDO R. DAVIDSONFLORENCE I. MEDOWRegional DirectorsROBERT L BOTHWELLCLARENCE A. PETERS (Midwestern)(Eastern)WILLIAM H. SWANBERG (Western) Student RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAWPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Singte copies25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois'under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B, A. Ross'director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N, Y.March, 1957 3One Step CloserA bold new plan for Hyde Park's redevelopment is upfor approval. Construction may start this year.APARTMENT BUILDINGS$J * Li ' *":r> , r^ '^ "/THEATER.C. TRACKS is.*M ^»_*_>fi4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERedevelopment of Hyde Park is a giant step closerto realization. Plans for a $15 million housingproject and shopping center have been submittedto the Chicago City Council. It is hoped construction onthe project will start in 1957.The plan, to be financed by private capital, calls for:Approximately 275 row and single family houses and550 apartments, within an area bounded by S. Lake ParkAvenue, E. 57th Street, S. Kimbark Avenue, and E. 54thStreet;A shopping center, located at E. 55th Street and S. LakePark Avenue, to include shops, a hotel, restaurant andtheatre;Underground parking facilities.The most striking design feature of the plan calls fora complete change in character for 55th Street, replacingrun-down commercial buildings with two spectacularapartments. Between S. Ridgewood Court and S. HarperAvenue, E. 55th Street would be split and re-routed tosurround the apartments. Row houses and single familydetached houses would be built to the north and south.The newly introduced plan is based on proposals madeby William Zeckendorf, president of Webb & Knapp, Inc.,a New York real estate firm, which has bid for the projects.The Zeckendorf plan was chosen by the Chicago LandClearance Commission after several months of study.(It also has the approval of the South East Chicago Commission, of which the University is a member and Chancellor Kimpton is president.) It completely revises theoriginal redevelopment plan for Hyde Park Projects "A"and "B", which was drawn up in June, 1954, and approved by the Illinois State Housing Board. (See TheUniversity of Chicago Magazine, October, 1955 for descriptions of the original plan.)Projects "A" and "B" include 47 carefully pin-pointedacres of blighted buildings in Hyde Park. Over 90 percent of the land covered in these two projects has beenacquired (or is under option) by the L.C.C. At leastone-third of the buildings in the area have been razed,and additional demolition continues daily. The sight ofbulldozers and wrecking crews has become a familiarone in Hyde Park. In several sections, whole blocks havebeen levelled to the ground, among them the south sideof 55th Street, between Dorchester and Blackstone Avenues.If the new plan is passed by the City Council, it willgo before the Illinois State Housing Board and then to thefederal government's Urban Renewal Administration ofthe Housing and Home Finance Agency.To bring you up to date, here's a brief recapitulationof events in Hyde Park's redevelopment plans:In June, 1954, the Chicago Land Clearance Commissionproposed to demolish the 47- acre area known as HydePark Projects "A" and "B".At one time, the L.C.C. submitted a proposed redevelopment project plan which showed a suggested re-use ofthe land, including a substantial shopping center andabout 700 dwelling units. (See The University of Chicago Magazine, October, 19555 and June, 1955.)Artist's conception* (1.)* of how Hyde Park will lookif Zeckendorf plan is adopted. University of Chicagois sketched in roughly in left background of drawing. Redevelopment at a glance:1. A $15 million plan for a housing project andshopping center in Hyde Park, to be financed byprivate capital, is up for approval before theChicago City Council. It is hoped constructionon the project will be started in 1957. (The planincludes Hyde Park Projects "A" and "B.")2. Over 90 per cent of the land covered in HypePark Projects "A" and "B" has been acquiredor is under option; at least one-third of thebuildings in the area have been demolished.3. The federal government has approved preliminary plans for conservation and renewal of theentire Hyde Park-Kenwood neighborhood, covering some 900 acres. Boundaries are 47th Streeton the north; Lake Michigan on the east; CottageGrove Avenue on the west; and 59th Street onthe south. Under the 1954 Urban Renewal Act,the government would finance two -thirds of thenet cost of the project. For this purpose, thegovernment has indicated, a capital grant of$25.8 million is being reserved. Final plans arebeing prepared. (See map on Page 7.)4. The Neighborhood Redevelopment Commissionhas approved a plan to redevelop and conservean 83.7 acre area west of campus, bounded by55th Street, Cottage Grove Avenue, WoodlawnAvenue and a line running irregularly along56th, 57th and 58th Streets. (See map on Page 7.)The Southwest Hyde Park Neighborhood Redevelopment Corp., (of which the University is amajor landowner), proposes to buy and demolishall but three buildings in a four-block sectionbounded by Ellis Avenue, Cottage Grove Avenue, 55th and 56th Streets. The corporationwould then sell this land to the University to beused for married students' housing. The corporation also asks that strict maintenance and occupancy standards be imposed on the rest of thearea.Owners of 12 out of 299 parcels of land in thearea have appealed for a review of the plan incourt. This appeal is now pending.5. Construction has begun on the new women'sdormitory, on 58th Street, between Woodlawnand Kimbark Avenues, in back of Ida Noyes Hall.6. The University will build a $1.1 million apartment of 79 units to house married residents andinterns of the University Clinics. Three buildingsowned by the University on Drexel Avenue,between 57th and 58th Streets, will be razed tomake room for this.7. A thirty-unit apartment building at 804-12 E.58th Street has been purchased by the Universityto house nurses; married students have begun tomove into apartments in four newly purchasedbuildings at 5416-18 and 5428-30 S. WoodlawnAvenue, and 5417-19 and 5427-29 S. UniversityAvenue.8. Construction of the new Law School building, onthe south side of the Midway, between Universityand Greenwood Avenues, is expected to beginthis year.Drawing shows proposed high-rise apartments, to be separated by a strip of green. Underground parking facilitiesentrance is in foreground. Row houses and single family dwellings would be to north and south of apartment buildings.In the summer of 1956, after theL.C.C. had acquired sufficient property in the project, it advertised forbids from private developers. Theywere encouraged by the L.C.C. tosubmit variations of the plan.Five bids were submitted. L.C.C.reviewed all the plans and selectedthe one offered by Webb & Knapp,Inc. However, since original approvalwas given to a different plan, theL.C.C. must now get the new layoutapproved by city, state and federalofficials.Although the Zeckendorf plan hasbeen endorsed by the L.C.C, it isnot known whether this New Yorkfirm will be given the job of construction. If the plan meets withcouncil approval, any private developer will have a chance to vie for thecontract.Certain minimal and maximal requirements on various types of landuse within the project boundries areset by the revised plan, which stressesthat "the unique residential environment of the community should be emphasized."Project "A" is bounded generallyby the Illinois Central Railroad on theeast, by 57th Street on the south,Kimbark Avenue on the west, and 54th Street on the north. Project "B"is generally along the north side of54th Street from Kimbark Avenue toBlackstone Avenue.If Webb & Knapp get the contract,the specifications in the plan will bemet in the following manner:Two eight-story elevator apartments along 55th Street will containabout 550 units. There will be 275units of row housing and single family detached homes.Between the apartment buildingsthere will be a garden strip 110 feetwide, (an area, Webb & Knapp say,which is only 15 feet narrower thanPark Avenue in New York.)In preliminary estimates half of theapartments will be one-bedroomunits. Row houses will be predominantly three bedroom units, thoughsome two and four bedroom housesare planned. Webb and Knapp willattempt to sell them in the mediumprice range.A garage will be built under thehigh rise buildings to fulfill the off-street parking requirements. (Theplan stipulates that there must beparking space equal to 60 per cent ofthe units containing one or morebedrooms.)The row houses will probably be arranged in groups of 40 to 50, facinginward around a common space. Eachunit will have its own private gardenand will share a park with other unitsin the group. There will be 100 percent off-street parking.The revised plan specifies that 9.8acres of Project "A" will be used fora shopping center. (The center proposed in the original plan was twicethis size.)The total area for commercial facilities, including parking, will be approximately 425,000 square feet, andwill center at 55th Street and LakePark. The design layout in this arearemains relatively open in the newplan.L.C.C. estimates that there will beroom for 20 to 25 shops in the area(Continued on page 25)— >Map, (right), showing redevelopmentplans for University neighborhood.Large boundaries are for urban renewal of entire Hyde Park-Kenwoodarea, covering 900 acres. Final plansfor this section are still in the works.Smaller boundaries show Hyde ParkProjects "A" and "B", discussed inthe accompanying story. It is hopedconstruction on these will be startedthis year. To the left are shownboundaries of S.W. Hyde Pk. Project.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJJE PARK KENWOOD URBAN RENEWA55th STHnnnniHYDE PARK- KENWOOD URBAN RENEWAL AREA^RCH, 1957 7"**<#. te^Tribute to a Twelve -Letter ManOn the eve of retirement, Nels Norgren receives a fitting send-offfrom his fellow-coaches, friends, former classmates and students."If I had two more men on thesquad we could have two tables ofbridge" basketball coach Nelson Norgren once told a Tribune reporter.This is almost the story of the lasthalf of Norgren's Chicago coachingcareer.Scheduled to retire in June afterthirty-five years on Chicago's athleticstaff, Norgren received a standingovation from two hundred alumni at aNorgren Day luncheon in the Quadrangle Club February 2.Many present were Chicago's all-time athletic greats from the fourdecades Nels was on campus — first asan undergraduate, ('14), and then as acoach. Harlan (Pat) Page, '05, andJohn Schommer, '09, who had coachedNels; H. O. (Fritz) Crisler, '21, (nowDirector of Athletics at the Universityof Michigan), and Robert Halliday,'22, members of the first Chicago teamcoached by Norgren in 1921; andfamed hoopsters Bill Haarlow, '36 andJoe Stampf, '41.The ovation was for a remarkableplayer and a remarkable coach. As aplayer Nels won twelve major C's infour sports in three years — a recordequalled by only one other Maroonathlete, the late Paul (Shorty) DesJardiens, '15.In track Norgren threw the discusand put the shot; on first base he wasa member of the 1913 conferencechampionship baseball team; in basketball he was an all-conference forward.In three years of varsity footballNorgren never missed a game. Asuperb right halfback, he was theteam's number one punter and, evenin later years assisting Stagg as back-field coach, he could kick the ballfarther than any man on the team. In1913 he was elected captain of theteam that won the Western Conference championship. Cap and Gownsay he was "the best punter and"lost consistent ground gainer in the"irton Shapiro PhotoAmid gymnastic apparatus at BartlettGymnasium, Nelson Norgren in 1957.March, 1957 conference." At the luncheon, PatPage, one of Nels' coaches, said thatNorgren "drove like Berwanger . . .kicked like Thorpe." Walter Campput Norgren on his second and thirdAil-American teams.It is the mark of a man to equal theachievements of Norgren as an undergraduate. He not only succeeded inwinning twelve major C's, but maintained a high grade average and wasawarded a silver-handled shavingbrush in honor of winning the annualsenior mustache race, December 15,1913.In 1914 Norgren received hisBachelor of Philosophy degree and acontract as director of athletics at theUniversity of Utah. There he wasjack-of-all-athletics. He coached football, basketball, baseball, and trackfrom 1914 to 1917.In 1916 the Utah basketball teamwas scheduled to play an exhibitiongame with the San Francisco Olympic Club. This California team wasbarnstorming east to compete in thenational A.A.U. championships atChicago.Considered a push-over by the SanFrancisco aggregation, the Utah five,under Nels' direction, won decisively.The Salt Lake citizens were so surprised that they quickly raised themoney to send Nels and his red-hotboys to Chicago where they won thenational championship.Nels still chuckles at his mountainboys, suddenly thrown into city ways.On the diner the silverware was sooverwhelming one of the fellowsshouted, "Hey, if anyone is short afork, I've got two."And in Chicago Norg discoveredthe boys carefully sneaking their etiquette cues from him.In the Men's Grill of MarshallField's finger bowls were brought inwith the after-dinner mints. The boyswent into their stalling routine to lettheir coach figure out the play. Casually Nels dipped a mint into hisfinger bowl and began polishing hisnails.These were some of the stories told Sans award-winning mustache, football captain Nels Norgren in the Norgren Day luncheon in theQuadrangle Club.In 1917 Nelson Nogren joined theArmy Air Service and went to Franceas a pursuit pilot. After the war hereturned to the Midwest to becomedirector of athletics for the ChicagoAssociation of Commerce and Industry.(Text continued on page 25 — for pictures of Norgren Day, turn the page)TRIBUTE TO A TWELVE -LETTER MANContinuedNels' exploits were described by an animated "Pat" Page at the Norgren Day Luncheon.A more subdued Page, (left),turns listener, as groundskeeperAlex Kreydick tells a story.Charles McGuire, '22, (r.),putsfinger on Norman Cahn, '19.Fritz Crisler, '21, (left), nowdirector of athletics at U. ofMichigan, seems as amused at hisown stories as John Schommer, '09.Morton Shauini Photographs10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA few members of the baseball teamwhich went to Japan with Nels in 1930.Hayden B. Wingate, '31; WilburUrban, '31; Harold Bluhm, '30; Arthur Cahill, '31; Harold Johnson, '31;Roy Henshaw, '33, and Nels himself.Nels poses for a photo with some oldclassmates from '14. In the usual order, Charles Molander, Maurice Pollak,Nels, Howell Murray and Erling LundByron Evans, (left), listens attentivelyto story-teller William Haarlow, '36. Nels' billiard and tennis cronies also came out.Facing camera, (1. to r.), are Chester Wright,Earl Long, George Bobrinskoy and Herbert Metz.MARCH, 1957 11Sitting at this board, engineer controls entire nuclear powered electricity plant. Gauge at far left constantly records amount of radioactivity in every section of plant. Control room is separated from plant by two air-tight locks.Electricity From Nuclear PowerArgonne's EBWR starts productionof electricity with nuclear fuel;serves as pilot plant for industryThe nation's first nuclear poweredelectric generating plant wentinto operation recently at the ArgonneNational Laboratory in Lemont, 111.Argonne, one of the leading centersfor research in peaceful uses of theatom, is operated for the Atomic Energy Commission by the University.Deputy Director of the laboratory isNorman Hilberry, Ph.D. '45.Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of theAtomic Energy Commission, andChancellor Lawrence A. Kimptonwere at ceremonies marking theopening of the plant. CongressmanCarl T. Durham of North Carolina,chairman of the joint congressionalatomic energy committee, threw theswitch which placed the plant inoperation. This facility is the first to generateelectricity from nuclear energy of thefive reactor projects initiated in 1954under the A.E.C.'s civilian power reactor development program."The new machine speaks eloquently for itself," Chancellor Kimpton said at the ceremonies. "It is theprecursor of a social and economicrevolution, and we need to rememberthat its first crude prototype came intoexistence less than fifteen years ago."The boiling water reactor, which isonly the first of experimental developments in the generation of powerthis laboratory will produce, represents a great and unique contributionto the future economy of this countryand a device that will be of evengreater immediate import to many non-communist countries of theworld," he said.The unique feature of a boilingwater reactor is that live steam isactually generated in the uraniumcore of the reactor by nuclear heat,and is piped directly to a turbine. Theend product is electricity. This concept eliminates the need for intermediate heat-exchangers required inother types of reactors.The EBWR (experimental boilingwater reactor) is an experimentalplant and will be used by Argonneto further their studies of direct coupling between a reactor and powergenerating equipment, and to evaluatetheir possibilities for large-scale application.(Continued on page 24)12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEELECTRICITY FROM NUCLEAR POWERContinued<Artist's cutaway drawing of plant whichhouses experimental boiling water reactor.At extreme right in bullet-shaped steelshell is a water tank, in which is storednuclear fuel. Directly left of it is thereactor core. Air-locks separate plantfrom small brick building housing controlroom. Outside view of plant is at right.Norman Hilberry, PhD '41, Deputy Director of Argonne, (center,holding cup) , chats with newsmen.MARCH, 1957 13Los Angeles TimesDr. Emil B. Seletz in his studio with some of the works he has produced.Surgeon Turned SculptorToo tired for brain-work after the rigors ofthe operating room, Dr. Emil Seletz found asatisfying outlet and a new challenge in clayAs a surgeon, Dr. Emil Seletz, SB-'26, knows that two of his primary assets are steady hands andstrong nerves. He has found a uniqueway to use his skilled surgeon's handsto help him re-charge tired, tautnerves — he is an off-duty sculptor.Surgery is his major life's work.He is a brain surgeon, and chief ofneurosurgery at Cedars of LebanonHospital in Los Angeles.Sculpting, his minor life's work,has brought him not only pleasureand relaxation, but a growing amountof fame.Seventeen of his portrait busts nowstand in public buildings, such as theLos Angeles County Medical Association Building, Los Angeles General Hospital, Johns Hopkins University,and the University of California.During the past year his study ofEinstein was cast in bronze and unveiled in the new Einstein MedicalSchool in New York, as well as in theJewish Community Center in LosAngeles.He is at work on a bust of Lincolnwhich will be placed in the Los Angeles County Law Library. Anotherrecently completed work, a bronzeportrait of Dr. Howard C. Naffziger,an internationally known neurosurgeon and regent of the University ofCalifornia, is on display at the university's medical school in San Francisco."I need to do sculpture," explains Dr. Seletz, as he works amidst massive busts of Beethoven, Einstein,Lincoln and others in the studio ofhis Los Angeles home."People don't realize that a surgeon can be torn apart in an operation. He can be operating on thebrain of a child and the strain canliterally exhaust him. He comes homeand can't work on anything of a scientific nature. His brain is a blank.He's so exhausted he can't sleep.""This is when I turn to sculpture.I seize a piece of clay and begin towork with it. I lose myself in it. Andthe body relaxes, the nerves comeback into place and I am myselfagain."Dr. Seletz began doing portrait14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsculpture twenty -two years ago,while serving his residency in neurosurgery at Los Angeles General Hospital. (He holds an M.D. fromTemple University.)"I suddenly had the urge to learnto do sculpture," he recalls.This urge to produce artistic workshad been somewhat in evidence in hisboyhood. His sisters recall that healways carried a small pen-knife inhis pocket, with which he carved facesin tree trunks. He carved woodentoys, some of which were so remarkable his sister, Jeannette Seletz, PhB'25, preserved them. (Jeannette is anovelist and poet. Her novel HopeDeferred was published by McMillanCo. in 1953.)When, as a young man, he turnedto sculpture as an outlet for tirednerves, he found a willing subject inthe late Henrietta Muir, for manyyears chief of nurses at Los AngelesGeneral Hospital.'She sat for me as I taught myself,"relates Dr. Seletz. "I must haveworked six months or more in myspare time. I remember she was sopatient, posing for me."The bust which he did then nowstands, in bronze, in the hospital.Dr. Seletz has had no formal instruction in art. He has occasionallytalked with great artists about sculpture, and feels the hints they gavehim have been of great help.When he was studying at Temple,he recalls that he went to the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts toenroll for a course in sculpture."They looked at my work and said,'Why go to school? You've developedmethods of your own. You don't needus.' "Dr. Seletz feels that a portrait bustis "a biographical sketch of an individual, recorded for posterity." Consequently, he says, it must have muchmore than physical likeness."It must possess personality, truecharacter, a suggestion of the sitter'slife, his aims, purpose, state of mind,scope of thinking, strength and weaknesses. His life story should be inhis face," he says.When Dr. Seletz plans to do a portrait study of someone famous, suchas Einstein or Beethoven, he firstdoes a great deal of research into hissubject, studying his life, work, andideas.One of his favorite subjects isAbraham Lincoln. "Lincoln has the most beautifulface I've ever seen," he says. ''Morebeautiful than any woman's."Dr. Seletz finds his interest in portrait sculpture is stimulated by thefact that a study of faces is an integral part of a neurosurgeon's work.Although there are many aids to diagnosing brain and nervous diseases,there are no tests for a great manybrain afflictions "save the physician'sability to read the disease in the faceof the patient," he feels."The sick face," he says, "teachesmuch, for it is a face stripped of vanity, devoid of subterfuge and sham.It is a face starkly real with pain,apprehension and the desperate needfor help.""These faces, more than the reading of any texts or the studying ofgreat works of art, have taught me toread character and motive in the faceof my sitters."Among the works in various stagesof completion in his studio are headsof David Ben-Gurion, Dr. ChaimWeizman, Dr. Seletz' sister Rachelle,his daughter Josepha. Of the latterhe remarks, "You have to work sofast with a child; the face can change in a month."The busy surgeon-sculptor has another outlet for his restless energies— he writes books. He is working ona new book in his field; an earlierwork, Surgery of Peripheral Nerves,is used in medical schools throughoutthe country. He also teaches at theSouthern California School of Medicine.He lives in a big, sprawling housein the hills above Los Feliz, (a suburbof Los Angeles), with his wife, Sylvia,their two children, Josepha, 6%, andJimmy, 5, and his sister, Dr. RachelleSeletz, also a medical specialist andchief of proctology at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital.Ask Dr. Seletz which are his favorites among the many portraitbusts he has done and he will tellyou they are those of doctors, suchas his Dr. Joseph Widney, who founded Los Angeles County Medical Association; his Dr. Walter Dandy,which is in Johns Hopkins; and hisDr. Howard Naffziger."I do not have to research to findout where the lines and shadowscame from in the faces of these men,"he says, "I know."Head of Abraham Lincoln by Dr. Seletz.MARCH, 1957 15-tlghtfM^f ¦«?§»¦ Stf»-'- V*V m-l W_*,¦VVIndustry's AidTo EducationCorporate aid to higher educationreached an all-time peak of $100million in 1956. Educators, facedwith the prospect of six millionstudents by 1970, hope that industry will continue to be generousIndustry reached into its pocket to donate a whopping$100 million to higher education last year. Educatorshope the generosity will continue unstinted, to meet theirconstantly growing needs.Last year's gifts from business and industry representan increase of $25 million over 1954, and a gain of $60million over 1950, according to the Council for FinancialAid to Education.At the University, gifts paid in by business corporations and groups in 1956 totalled $1,976,828, comparedto $579,184 ten years ago, the comptroller's office reveals.Total voluntary private contributions to higher education from all sources exceeded $500 million in 1956, theCouncil estimates.But there's going to be a lot more needed, at the ratecolleges and universities are growing. Dr. Wilson Compton, president of the Council, estimates the nation's colleges and universities will need an average of $500 mil-Morton Shapiro PhotosGeneral Motors Corp. recently played host at the Quadrangle Club to six students who hold GM scholarshipsat the University. This is a typical part of the duties ofJoseph Chope, director of GM's committee for educationalgrants and scholarships. He brought along a specialvisitor this year, Elis S. "Pete" Hoglund, PhB '21, now avice-president at GM. Chancellor Kimpton, (at head oftable), and Dean of Students Robert M. Strozier joinedthe group. Students included Urve Kask, Indianapolis;Kenneth Brown, Fort Wayne; Francis D. Keenan, Jr.,Atlanta, Ga.; Michael Rossman, Fairfax, Calif.; LewisRobertson, Beltsville, Md., and William Maier, Seminole,Oklahoma. In closeup on upper right, Urve Kask listensattentively as Hoglund (center) and Kimpton converse. lion additional each year for the next ten years "if theyare to meet rock-bottom requirements of maintenanceand growth."Two-thirds of the additional funds that the Councilestimates are needed will be required by private collegesand universities, and the remainder by the tax-supportedinstitutions. Two-thirds of the total funds required byboth groups of institutions will be needed for plant improvement and expansion, and one -third for operatingexpense. A major share of the operating expense needswould be used to improve faculty salaries.Where's the money coming from?Some from increased tuitions, says Dr. Compton."But much of it will have to come from alumni, business concerns, the professions, foundations, related churchbodies — the general public," says Dr. Compton.To meet its own projected needs for the next decade,the University of Chicago in 1955 launched a three-yearcampaign to raise $32.8 million. To date, $21,648,549 hasbeen raised, of which $4,650,000 was contributed byalumni.College enrolments have been growing steadily in thepast ten years. Last fall's enrolment of three million students was a record. By 1970, it is estimated the nation'scolleges and universities will be bulging with twice thatnumber.Chicago expects to increase its current enrolment onthe Quadrangles from 5,500 to about 10,000 by 1970.Increased enrolments have brought with them needsfor expansion of plants and faculties. This growth hastaken place in a period of rising costs and proportionatelydecreasing income, thus creating a bumper crop of problems. Tuition fees have been raised 100 to 150 per centin many institutions since World War II, but even so, tui-MARCH, 1957 17Richard Robiscoe, 18, son of Ford Motor Co. employe, holds Ford Foundation scholarship. He plansto go into physics. Here he tries Reynolds Club piano. Kathryn Aller, 21, practice teaches at Ray School.Daughter of an employe, she holds General AmericanTransportation Company scholarship, plans to teach.Industry's Aid To EducationContinuedtion income now covers only about half the per capitacost of education in many colleges.Tuition at Chicago, for example, has risen from $420a year (in both The College and at the graduate level) in1947 to $690 in The College and $720 in graduate divisions. In the Law School, the jump has been from $480 to$738; a medical education now costs $900 a year, compared to $585 in 1947.While business and industry will not be asked to bearthe burden of these increased costs, educators will belooking to them for increased support.Although interest in aiding education has grown tremendously among corporations since World War II, it hasbeen going on for some time. Westinghouse started anaid to education program about forty years ago, and othercompanies were making grants.Right after World War II three corporations, GeneralMotors, Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), and UnitedStates Steel Corp., took the lead in realizing that thefate of their companies was bound up in the Americansystem of education. Many firms have since followedtheir lead in aiding education.Some fear has been expressed that increased dependence on corporate grants might bring the universities into •undue influence from corporations. Dr. Compton, a former college president, states that this just is not so. Universities, he says, have had to sacrifice none of theirindependence. Educators in general agree with him.Corporate gifts to universities may come in severaldifferent forms. Some are designated for specific research programs, many are unrestricted gifts to be usedas the institution receiving them chooses, others aredirect scholarship aid. Occasionally, the corporationchooses those to receive scholarship aid. In some cases,they are awarded to children of employes, or to personsworking in the field of inquiry which relates directly tothe company's products. But in many cases, the university is free to designate the students who will receivethem.For a while, after World War II, there was some concern on the part of corporate boards as to the legality oftheir gifts to education. In 1953, stockholders of theA. P. Smith Co. in East Orange, N.J., sued to stop a$1,500 gift of unrestricted funds to Princeton University.The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled the gift legal, andset a precedent.Educators hope it will continue to be followed extensively.Morton Shapiro PhotosWertice Smith, 22, a Du Pont Co. teaching fellow inchemistry, is working for master's, plans to teach.Ray Inman, 20, (below), won Bell & Howell Co.scholarship as an employe, plans to return to the firm. Bill Harmon, 18, holds Inland Steel Co. scholarship,runs B-J snack bar, plans to teach English. CarolGleaton, 18, (below), works in library to supplementProcter & Gamble scholarship, is studying chemistry.NEWS OF THEQUADRANGLESAN INFORMAL REPORT University of Chicago nuclear physicists report thatexperiments with the University's 450-million electron volt cyclotron have contributed to the contradictionof a 30-year-old fundamental concept called the "principle of conservation of parity."Results of the tests, begun in September, parallel thoseannounced in New York by Columbia University onJanuary 15.The experiments followed one of two approaches suggested by a pair of Chicago-trained theoretical physicistswho first repudiated the parity principle, Tsung-Dao Lee,PhD '50, of Columbia and Chen-Ning Yang, PhD '48 ofthe Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N. J.In relatively simple experiments, Valentine L. Telegdi,Associate Professor of Physics, and Jerome I. Friedman,Research Associate, both in the University's Enrico FermiInstitute for Nuclear Research, used the decay of the pimeson — believed to be responsible for the force holdingthe atomic nucleus together — to show that matter is notequally "right and left handed" but shows a definite preference for one.This was determined by the decay tracks of the mesonin photographic emulsions. A pi meson shot from theUniversity's cyclotron came to rest in the emulsion, whereit disintegrated into a mu meson. The mu meson, in turn,decayed into an electron.The last two stages held the key for the disprovingof the old theory. According to it, there should be nocorrelation between the initial motion of the mu mesonand the direction of its resulting electron. Instead,Telegdi's experiments showed their relative motions hada preference for the same general direction.In effect, there appears to be an excess of the mumesons spinning with the same handedness when emitted.This opposes the parity principle which held that equalnumbers of particles spinning both clockwise and counterclockwise in respect to their direction of motion wouldbe created.Before beginning the tests, Telegdi and Friedman constructed a triple layer iron shield around the emulsionto prevent cancellation of the effect by weak magneticfields existing in the cyclotron area.Telegdi's results, in conjunction with those obtainedat Columbia, imply the production of muonium, a shortlived combination of the mu meson with electrons presentin the emulsion, which he had predicted earlier.Comparisons of the Chicago results with those of theColumbia experiments, which used electronic, rather thanemulsion, techniques, were made by telephone on January 13.Prizes to Three Press BooksThree books published by the University of ChicagoPress have won awards as best books in their fieldsfor 1956.American Catholicism, by The Right Reverend JohnTracy Ellis of Catholic University of America has beenawarded the John Gilmary Shea Prize. (For a review ofthe book, turn to Page 26.)The Walt Whitman Award of the Poetry Society ofAmerica went to Professor Fred Bowers of the Uni-Morton Shapiro Photo— >The concert band, re-activated two years ago after anabsence of several years* at a recent concert in MandelTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHi >-_mw. ¦¦ uiUV' -'{%'. 4?**__#* *versity of Virginia, for his book,Whitman's Manuscripts.Grover Smith, Jr., Professor atDuke University, was awarded thePoetry Society's Chap-Book Awardfor his book, T. S. Eliot's Poetry andPlays. The book was cited as theoutstanding critical study of the year."Pancake Bell" ConcertSpecial music will be played on theRockefeller Memorial Chapel carillonto mark Shrove Tuesday, March 5,reports Chapel Carillonneur James R.Lawson. He explains that during theMiddle Ages a "Pancake Bell" wassounded as a signal to prepare forLent. All suet, lard and drippingswere collected for use in making pancakes, since Shrove Tuesday was thelast day butter might be eaten forforty days. He also contributes thisbit:"Hark, I hear the Pancake Bell,And fritters make a gallant smell."— Poor Robin's Almanac, 1684"Everybody's America" on TVThe effects of such diversified elements as Buffalo Bill, Little LordFauntleroy, and the Model "T" Fordon American popular culture are described in the University's currenttelevision series, "Everybody's America," telecast each Thursday at 9:30P.M. on WTTW, Channel 11, Chicago's educational TV station.Conducted by R. Richard Wohl,Associate Professor of Social Sciences,the thirteen-week series shows howthe civilization of today has been influenced by events and people whichwere, in their time, regarded as commonplace.Various programs analyze diffuseaspects of American culture. Thecareer of P. T. Barnum, for example,illustrates the development of a massmedium of entertainment, the elaboration of the cult and culture of thecelebrity, and the consequent development of latter-day notions of entertainment and celebrities.The series includes the study ofthe cowboy of fact and fiction as asymbol of the heroic American maleand as a part of the American heritage.Other programs discuss the economic, social, and sentimental effectsof the Model "T"; the homeless childin the city and the effects of theChildren's Aid Society; and the best- Norton Clappseller as a social and cultural phenomenon."Everybody's America" is producedby Edward W. Rosenheim, Jr., Assistant Professor of Humanities andExecutive Secretary of the RadioOffice.Scroll Expert DiesRalph Marcus, Professor of Hellenistic Culture, died of a heart attackon Christmas Day.A native of San Francisco, Marcusbecame an associate professor at theUniversity in 1943 and a full professor in 1950. He held appointments inthe Departments of Oriental Languages and Literature, Classical Languages and Literature, and the Federated Theological Faculties.Marcus was a leading authority onthe Dead Sea Scrolls and made anextensive study of the Essene sectwhich produced these documents.This sect lived only 12 miles fromJerusalem and six miles from Bethlehem in Jesus' time. Marcus' studiesled him to the conclusion that Jesuswas not an Essene.Before coming to Chicago, Marcustaught at the Jewish Institute of Religion, New York, from 1927 until1943 and, at the same time, lecturedon Semitic languages at ColumbiaUniversity.Marcus had received a Fulbrightscholarship and would have been a Visiting Professor at the Universityof Utrecht, in the Netherlands, nextspring.Clapp Named TrusteeNorton Clapp, PhB '28, JD '29, ofSeattle, Washington, has been electedto the Board of Trustees. Clapp, thefourteenth alumni member of the active board, also holds an AB degreefrom Occidental College.He practiced law in Tacoma from1929 to 1942, and after serving as aLieutenant Commander, U.S.N.R.,1942-46, confined his activities following the war to business affairs.Clapp is a vice-president, director,and member of the executive committee of Weyerhauser Timber Co.;chairman of the Metropolitan Building Corp., Seattle; president of Laird,Norton Co., Seattle (and Winona,Minnesota) ; a director of the PugetSound National Bank, Tacoma; ofthe Seattle Trust and Savings Bank,and the Washington Title InsuranceCo., Seattle, among other directorships.He has been active in civic, religious and educational affairs, havinglong service on the national executiveboard of the Boy Scouts of America;and has held various offices in theEpiscopal Church. He is a trustee ofthe College of Puget Sound, Tacoma,and of the Lakeside School, Seattle.Modern Man's OriginsRecent re-evaluation of fossilizedhuman skeletons found in four Palestinian caves indicate that SouthwestAsia — which includes the Middle East— rather than Europe, may havespawned modern man.F. Clark Howell, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, advanced thistheory before a symposium commemorating the 100th anniversary of thediscovery of the Neanderthal man.The symposium was held at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in New York City.Discussing implications arising frommore modern techniques than thoseavailable 25 years ago when the fossils were discovered, Howell maintainsthat the Palestinian man was a prehistoric form of human, more advanced than the Neanderthal man, butstill not a modern man.Radiocarbon dating and recent geological surveys of the area of discovery indicate that these men lived22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEapproximately seventy-five thousandyears ago and were broadly contemporary with the Neanderthal man ofEurope.A generally accepted theory hasheld that the Palestinian man wasthe result of the intermixing of Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon, or modern,man. But no remains have been foundto show that Neanderthal man penetrated to the Middle East from Europe.Fund for Bell-RingersA fund in memory of the late RoyBatchelder Nelson, '01, has been established for the promotion of bell-music at the University, according toThe Societas Campanariorium, (Society of Bell-Ringers). Nelson wasthe University's first bell-ringer.Samuel N. Pickard, a friend of thelate bell-ringer, started the fund witha donation of $1,000. Nelson, who diedin 1956, was Assistant in the Department of Greek from 1911-1929 andInstructor in the Extension (HomeStudy) Department from 1912-1935.From 1909-1919 he served as the firstMitchell Tower Chime-Master.It has been proposed that the fundbe used to restore change-ringing apparatus on campus. The bells inMitchell Tower were originally installed as a replica of the bells inMagdalen Tower at Oxford. As suchthey were primarily intended for change-ringing. A restoration of thisapparatus is necessary before thepractice of this unique English bellart is possible. At only two otherplaces in the United States is change -ringing practiced, at Kent and GrotonSchools. The "chiming" apparatus,which enables the playing of tunes onthe Mitchell Tower bells, would beretained in addition to the change-ringing.Administering the fund will be acommittee composed of John G.Thompson, Dean of Rockefeller Memorial Chapel; Gertrude E. Smith,Chairman, Department of Greek; andJames R. Lawson, Chapel Carillonneur and Mitchell Tower Chime-Master.Art-Religion Exhibition"The Condition of Modern Man," anexhibition of contemporary art withspecial relevance for both art andreligion was sponsored at the Good-speed Hall Galleries during Januaryby the Renaissance Society and theInterchurch Council.Joseph R. Shapiro, Chicago collector and a member of the Society'sboard, assembled the show from private collections, galleries in Chicagoand New York, and the Art Instituteof Chicago.In conjunction with the show, thegroup sponsored three lectures. PaulTillich, Visiting Professor from Har vard University, and Otto von Sim-son, Professor of Art, spoke. A paneldiscussion was also held, with HaroldHaydon, John F. Hayward and JosephR. Shapiro participating.Botanist DiesJohn M. Beal, Professor Emeritusof Botany at the University, diedJanuary 16 at Billings Hospital.Beal, who was 68, was a pioneer inthe study of the effects of radiationon plant heredity. He maintained an"atomic garden" on campus in orderto discover the effects of radioactivecarbon dioxide on the organic structure of plant life.He was a member of the Universityfaculty from 1929 to 1953, when heretired. From 1949 until 1953 he wasChairman of the Department of Botany.Beal was a consultant to the U. S.Department of Agriculture and wasbotany editor of the EncyclopaediaBritannica.He is survived by his widow, Anna,and a son, Dr. John M. Beal, Jr., ofNew York.Bond Chapel ConcertThe Bond Chapel Choir and theCollegium Musicum of the Universityof Chicago gave their first concert ofthe year on Sunday, February 10, inBond Chapel.Drivers on Chicago's Congress Street Expressway are greeted by this invitation to tour the University, courtesy of theWillett Co., bus and truck operators, owned by two alumni, Howard Willett, Sr., '06, and Howard Willett, Jr., '30.Harry Price?fl*tta___ETT____f TOURS • UMlRSITYo, CHICAQOf»er» Soturdof 'Oom ...»«...MARCH, 1957 23Alumni Drive GoalSet At Half- MillionHoward L. Willett, Jr.THIRTEEN thousand gifts and $500,-000 have been set by the AlumniFoundation Board of Directors asnational goals for its 1957 drive.Howard E. Green, '25, AlumniFoundation Chairman, reported 1,600gifts for more than $200,000 alreadyin hand. The highest previous AlumniFoundation totals were 12,885 giftsand $465,000 in 1955.The goals apply only to new giftsmade since September 1, 1956, not topayments on pledges to the recentAlumni Campaign. (Alumni payingon pledges will not be solicited.)Gifts made since September 1 to theLaw School Building Campaign andother professional school or departmental efforts will be credited towardthe Foundation goals.Green also announced that HowardL. Willett, Jr., '30, has accepted theCity of Chicago chairmanship for thecurrent drive. Other chairman fromwhom acceptances had been receivedat press time are:Dr. Owen C. Berg, '36, "WichitaFalls, Texas; Dr. Harold E. Bernhard,'45, Cedar Falls, Iowa; Dr. Frank E.Brown, '13, Ames, Iowa; HenrietteLevin Blinder, '47, Westchester andFairfield Counties, New York; Elizabeth Chapman, '26, Birmingham,Alabama; Isee L. Connell, '30, Jacksonville, Florida; Cornelius W. Daw son, '47, Pine Bluff, Arkansas; Dr.Thomas Dorrance, '36, Bluffton, Indiana; William T. Garrett, '28, Mary-ville, Missouri; Harold P. Green, '42,Bethesda, Maryland; Helen ParkesHunt, '30, Mason City, Iowa.Richard H. Jung, '47, Sheboygan,Wisconsin; Dr. Earl Klein, '38, BatonRouge; Harold S. Laden, '27, Philadelphia; Ruth Pfingst Lathrop, '23,Cedar Rapids, Iowa; John W. Lsnz,'45, Rhode Island; Matthew Margolis,'25, Albany, New York; Loren Marsh,'42, Muncie, Ind.; Carey Martin, '16,Portland, Oregon; Alyce McWilliams,'28, Beaumont, Texas; Esther Milner,'49, Brooklyn; Mary E. Murphy, '29,Kenosha, Wisconsin.Dr. Ralph S. Newcomb, '28, Oklahoma City; Elizabeth H. Nicol, '47,Syracuse; O. Donald Olscn, '41, Colorado Springs; Jayne Cowan Pheiffer,'49, Saginaw, Michigan; Dr. HerbertPomerance, '37, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Frederick Sass, Jr., '30, Washington, D.C; Louis C. Sass, '32, Pittsburgh; Louise E. Scheidt, '23, Kokomo,Indiana; Dr. E. Frederick Schietinger,'40,\ Montgomery, Alabama; PearceShephard, '24, Newark, New Jersey;Dr. John B. Smith, '31, Abilene, Tex.June I. Snow, '50, Peoria, Illinois;Dr. Howard G. Swann, '32, Galveston,Texas; Dr. Stephen Visher, '09,Bloomington, Indiana; Dr. WilliamWagner, '40, Lexington, Kentucky;Dr. Herbert Wald, '30, Louisville;Hayward D. Warner, '03, Denver;Pauline Tenk Witzleben, '20, Quincy,Illinois; Dr. Ruby Worner, '21, NewOrleans; Willis L. Zorn, '24, EauClaire, Wisconsin.NUCLEAR POWERContinued from Page 12The plant is capable of producing5,000 kilowatts of electricity, whichis equivalent to that produced for atown of approximately 10,000 inhabitants. While small by commercialpower plant standards, it is sufficientfor research purposes.At the outset, officials estimate theplant will be able to generate powerat an estimated two-and-a-half timesthe cost in a comparable size plantusing conventional fuel. Officials expect the production cost of power tobe cut by as much as one-third intime.Utmost safety precautions were taken in planning the EBWR. It ishoused in a building which is actuallya bullet-shaped welded steel shell.The steel walls are two-and-three-eighths inches thick, and are linedwith concrete. The plant itself willbe operated by remote control froma small brick building which is attached to the steel shell. The twobuildings are separated by two airlocks, (doors which operate like thoseon a submarine. The latching mechanism is geared to a valve whichequalizes the pressure on either sideof the bulkhead before unlatching.)An additional air-lock is provided foremergency purposes; (it looks likethe escape hatch on a submarine, withroom for just one person to passthrough at a time.)The reactor itself is encased in steeland concrete, and so designed that ifever a chemical or steam explosionshould occur in it, all fragments willbe directed downward to the base ofthe building.AH told, the plant contains 100alarms of various types, to give warning if anything goes wrong.The reactor itself is controlled bythe movement of rods driven bymechanisms located beneath the core.A complicated interlock system requires that 15 conditions must be safebefore the reactor can be started up.Similarly, if the limit set on any oneof these conditions is exceeded whenthe reactor is operating, it will beautomatically shut down.Before building this plant, Argonnescientists carried on experiments todetermine what would happen if aboiling water reactor got out of control. At the National Reactor TestingStation at Idaho Falls, Idaho, they ,purposely blew up a test reactor bysuddenly adding large amounts of reactivity to it. The reactor showed thatit would eject such large amounts ofwater from the core in a few thousandths of a second that it automatically shut itself down.The reactor is designed to handleboth light watsr and heavy water systems. Because heavy water is veryexpensive, conservation of steam ishighly essential. Officials estimatethat the plant will have a loss of abouttwo pounds of steam a month, compared to a normal loss of 1,000 ormore pounds in ordinary commercialsteam plants."The Argonne National Laboratoryhas functioned as it was planned to24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEdo," Chancellor Kimpton said."It is a place where there is significant basic research and it is aplace where there is cooperation byscientists, engineers, universities, industry, and government in applyingwhat comes out of that research. Andthe laboratory is not confined to nuclear physics, chemistry, metallurgy,and engineering. It has achieved greatdistinction in its biological researchand it has become an educational institution of international scope withits school for foreign students. Evenmore, it has made available to theMiddle West facilities for research inscience and engineering which noneof us — state or privately-supported —could ever hope to provide."ONE STEP CLOSERContinued from Page 6north of 55th Street, in addition to alarge supermarket.Since the shopping center shouldreflect special interests of the HydePark community, Zeckendorf's planners feel a large part of the centerwill include a variety of conveniencegoods shops and specialty shops —such as book stores, art stores, recordand hi-fidelity equipment shops.Community facilities will be builton the south side of 55th Street. Included will be a "University Inn,"which will contain meeting rooms andhotel facilities for visitors. There areplans for a theatre, where dramagroups from the area can perform.The revised redevelopment planalso provides for separation ofthrough and local traffic by concentration of through traffic on 55thStreet and on Lake Park Avenue.Lake Park Avenue will be relocatedagainst the I.C. tracks and widened.North-bound traffic will be separatedfrom south-bound by a narrow median strip.Two park-playgrounds are includedin the plan. In Project "A", eight-tenths of an acre will be used forpark-playgrounds to be located adjacent to the Hyde Park Neighborhood Club on Kimbark Avenue, justnorth of 55th Street. One and one-tenth acres of land in Project "B" willbe used for a park-playground adjacent to the Philip Murray School, at54th Street and Kenwood Avenue.All of the land in Projects "A" and"B" except that to be devoted to pub lic playgrounds, will be sold for development by private enterprise. Thepublic park-playground areas will bepurchased and developed by cityagencies.Contracts between L.C.C. and thedeveloper will include provisions thatno land will be conveyed with restrictions as to race, creed or color.TRIBUTE TO NORGRENContinued from Page 9Amos Alonzo Stagg brought Norgren back to the Midway in 1921 asan assistant coach in football and ascoach of basketball and baseball. In1924 the basketball team tied Illinoisand Wisconsin for the conferencechampionship.To compete with schools which hadmore material, Norgren's teams hadto resort to surprise and to defensivestrategies. Frequently this meant inventing plays on the spur of the moment.Richard Lounsbury, '41, in a letterto Norgren, (one of many which werebound in a handsome volume andpresented to Norgren at the luncheon), wrote: "I remember clearlyhow some of your last minute strato-gems paid off. There was the night wepracticed a stall offense in the showerroom a few minutes before game timeand went on to beat Wisconsin atMadison."Between 1910 and 1930 the baseballteam made numerous exhibition tripsto Japan. Nels was in charge on the1925 and 1930 visits.At the Quadrangle Club luncheon,Nelson matched Japan stories withthe crowd.A source of constant bedevilment tohim, the teams took advantage of• every spare moment and occasionallyprompted Norg to take stringent action.On shipboard, in 1925, he orderedhis men to bed early and took specialcare that they remain fit for the forthcoming series. Robert Howell, '25,was not above sneaking out on decklate at night, nor was Nels abovesneaking a cigar late at night.According to Howell, when the two, men finally confronted one another/ partaking of forbidden pleasures, "itwas a stand-off."Some of the men on that particularteam had never been away from home, much less sailing west on thePacific. One boy approached Nels andsaid: "Norg, that certainly is a lot ofwater." "Yes," replied Norg, "Andyou're only seeing the top."On a later Japan jaunt, Roy Hen-shaw, '33, noticed that one of thenautical maps indicated that the shipwas located in an area where thewater was over ten thousand feetdeep. Henshaw apprehensively askedNels: "Do ships sink here often?"Nels responded: "Only once, Roy.Only once."Norg recalls the 1930 trip duringwhich time he had expressly orderedthe team to bed at a reasonable hour.Possibly his ulterior motive was thatforbidden cigar he could enjoy whenthe boys were gone. At any rate, onenight he found it impossible to sleepand went down to the lobby of theImperial Hotel in Tokyo.At 3 A.M., as he cautiously smokedhis cigar, he noticed that a couple ofteam members were entering thehotel. Realizing that this offensecalled for strict discipline, Nels hidhis stogie, approached the errant athletes, and said: "Please don't go outagain." He recalls now, "You know,they didn't!"In 1942, crowding fifty, Norgrenagain volunteered for service. Commissioned a major in the Air Force, hespent 15 months in England as GroupIntelligence Officer for the 379thHeavy Bombardment Group. Comparing the two wars Norgren recalls,"They could have put our War I shipsin the cockpits of the B-17's and hadroom left for the crew."When Norgren returned to campusin 1944 big time athletics were gone.De- emphasis began with the droppingof football in 1939, gained momentumduring the war, and resulted in BigTen withdrawal in 1947. The boysplayed basketball, but Bill Gray, '48,one of Nels' latter day hoopsterssummed it up with: "It's amazinghow so many with so little [basketball] talent could be accumulated onone campus."But they played because they lovedthe game and Nels coached becausehe loved the game and his AlmaMater. And, although the recordreads: 191 wins, 420 losses, two hundred C men in the dining room of theQuadrangle Club on Norgren Daywent along with the opinion of Norgren's grandson, Michael: "He's thebest!"MARCH, 1957 25poofs ^Statistics: a new approach. By W.Allen Wallis, Dean, School of Business, and Harry V. Roberts, AB '43,MBA '41, PhD '55, Associate Professor, School of Business. Glencoe, III.The Free Press, 1956. 640 pp. $6.For a large proportion of studentsin the social sciences, the majorstumbling block in the way of a swiftand easy pursuit of their diplomas isthe prescribed introductory course instatistics. Embedded in an otherwise"mushy" curriculum, this "hard" topicprobably has produced more anxietythan any of the other courses offeredin the usual social science department. So severe is the trauma produced in some by the presentation ofmaterials with numbers and formulaethat a former colleague of mine seriously proposed the "math block" asan addition to the traditional list ofcommon neuroses. Many a studenthas managed to squeeze by the barrier of the statistics requirement bygrace of the extraordinary kindness ofheart manifested by their instructors,for those who teach statistics areeither gentle people by nature orquickly learn that if they appliedrational standards they would soon bea bottleneck in the regular flow ofstudents through the curriculum.Even when a student, by virtue ofinnate ability or previous training,finds the prescribed statistics courseno problem, he finds it too easy toseal off this new knowledge from therest of his training. His statisticalknowledge rests in one of his brain'scompartments walled off from the restof his learning. In his later scholarlywork a ritual obeisance towards statistical method often is the sole residue of his earlier training.While much, if not most, of theblame for the lack of penetration ofstatistical method into research in thesocial sciences must be borne by thesocial scientists themselves, someportion must also be shouldered bythe statisticians. Like any otherscholar the statistician is often toomuch enamoured with his field andonly the purest and the most abstractform of his subject seems to him tobe the way to present his love. Intextbooks and in courses, statistical techniques are often presented in ahighly abstract fashion without clearspecification of their application tosubstantive matters. My lasting impressions of my own undergraduatecourse are full of small urns containing black and white balls, litters ofpigs of various colors, and spellinggrades received by hordes of schoolchildren.In the new Wallis and Roberts text,two statisticians have come as far asone might dare to ask in accommodating the treatment of this topic tothe needs of students in the fields ofsocial science and business. This isan introductory text which shows anextraordinary understanding of howstatistical reasoning and simple statistical methods can be applied to avariety of substantive problems incontent fields. At the same time, thisis no bowdlerized version of statisticspresenting only what is palatable andeasy to digest: In fact, it presents aview of the field which is in accordwith very recent theoretical developments and also provides techniqueswhich are extremely modern.Wallis and Roberts have succeededso well in writing an introductory textthat it is worthwhile to examine indetail the techniques by which thissuccess was accomplished. It is obvious, first of all, that the topicstouched upon here could be presentedin their most abstract form withinseventy -five pages. The authors havewritten almost 650. Much of the additional material consists of a widevariety of extremely appropriate andoften fascinating illustrations of statistical reasoning. These exampleshave been culled from a wide varietyof sources — scholarly researches,newspaper items, magazine stories,etc. — and each illustrates how onemay evaluate propositions in the lightof statistical theory. The contexts ofthe illustrations vary: An experimentevaluating rain-making techniques ispresented in detail; questions used inpublic opinion polls are subjected toscrutiny; and the probability of aseventh daughter being born to awoman who has already six is workedout. The extraordinary number ofsuch examples and their appropriateness to the principles under discussion in the text are testimonies to thecare and time which has gone intothe , preparation of this book. It has,in fact, largely grown out of years ofteaching the introductory course in statistics given here in the Divisionof Social Sciences.This is not a book for statisticians,who might find it discursive and perhaps overly larded with homely examples. But, for the beginning student and the layman it cannot fail tobe fascinating. It should be noted thatthe clear writing style employed bythe authors is no impediment to theinterest of the reader.Although out for only a short time,the Wallis and Roberts book has already been adopted in a number ofuniversities and colleges. If it doesnot contribute to the betterment ofscholarly research in the social sciences, this unfortunate outcome cannot be blamed on its authors. Wallisand Roberts have provided the meansof communicating the excitement andelegances of statistical reasoning. Itis now up to the social scientists toprovide the generation of studentswho can meet it more than halfway.Peter H. Rossi, AssociateProfessor, SociologyAmerican Catholicism. By The RightReverend John Tracy Ellis. Chicago,III. University of Chicago Press, 1956.208 pp. $6. -(Ed. Note: The John Gilmary SheaPrize has been awarded to AmericanCatholicism, as best book in its fieldduring 1956.)During the school year 1954-55 theCharles R. Walgreen Foundationfor the Study of American Institutionspresented a series of lectures at theUniversity on the history of religionin American civilization. The subjectwas divided according to the customary divisions: Protestant, Catholic,Jewish. The lectures on the CatholicChurch in the United States weregiven by Monsignor John Tracy Ellis,Professor of American Church History at the Catholic University ofAmerica and Secretary of the American Catholic Historical Association.This book is the printed record ofthose lectures. It is a volume in theChicago History of American Civilization, edited by Daniel J. Boorstin.As indicated in the table of contents, the author has divided his subject-matter in the following way:Chapter I, "The Church in ColonialAmerica, 1492-1790"; Chapter II,"Catholics as Citizens, 1790-1852";Chapter III, "Civil War and Immigra-26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtion, 1852-1908"; and Chapter IV,"Recent American Catholicism, 1908-56."In the editor's preface, Boorstinsays: (iThe historian most apt to helpus is one who has handled the remains . . ." Monsignor Ellis' greatfamiliarity with the "remains" ofAmerican Catholic history is, ofcourse, known to anyone acquaintedwith Monsignor Ellis as the chief living historian of the Catholic Churchin the United States. This familiaritywill become evident, I believe, to thereader for whom this volume will bean introduction to the author.The broad historical generalizations,inescapable in a survey of this kind,carry a weight of authority and conviction from the manner in whichMonsignor Ellis expresses himself andhis expert use of the historical sources.His references and notes, togetherwith the valuable appendices of "Important Dates and Suggested Readings," mark him as the experiencedmaster of historical research andwriting.The peculiar nature of historicaljudgments and the indispensability ofthe refining process of time in reaching the definitive historical judgmentare well illustrated, I think, by theperceptible differences between thefirst three chapters, on the one hand,and the last chapter of this book. Inthe last chapter Monsignor Ellis isdealing with "Recent American Catholicism." Several of the events arenot only contemporaneous but actually yet in process. The writing suffers a subtle but unmistakable change.It begins to lose the ring of historyand takes on the tones of specialpleading, of argument and justification. This is no reflection on Monsignor Ellis as an historian; it ratherpoints him out as truly a historian.Material that is as yet unsusceptibleof definitive historical judgment canbe treated only as something short of"history."American Catholicism is a welledited and well printed book. Itstypography is clear and well chosen.Its format is neat and attractive. Thework is also well indexed.This book is the best book I knowof for a general introduction to thehistory of the Catholic Church in theUnited States. For the person seekinga general acquaintance with this subject or the history student making preliminary studies in this field, thebook will prove quite valuable.Not only is it evidence of, but itshould also contribute to, the currentawakening of interest in the role ofreligion in our national life and culture. And it can serve to correct manyfalse notions which are currently accepted as historical but are in realitythe product of bias. The author quotesthe words of Professor Arthur M.Schlesinger, Sr., to him: "I regard theprejudice against your church as thedeepest bias in the history of theAmerican people." Books of this kindand caliber point up the regrettabilityof the discontinuance of the WalgreenLectures.Father Joseph D. Connerton,Director, DeSales House.Carl Becker: On History and theClimate of Opinion. By CharlotteWatkins Smith, PhD '53. Ithaca, NY.:Cornell University Press, 1956. Pp xi,225. $3.75.CARL LOTUS BECKER (1873-1945) willbe recalled as the author of thefrequently reprinted high school textModern History (1931) and of suchscholarly works as The Heavenly Cityof the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers (1932) and The Declaration ofIndependence: A Study in the Historyof Political Ideas (1942). His extraordinary writing style and markedability as a philosopher made himsomewhat unique in an era whenhistorians were more often dull scholars or unreliable propagandists. Ofboth kinds of historians he asked provocative questions; he wanted to knowwhat makes a historical fact, how"true" is history, can we be objective? The answers he suggested wereequally provocative. Mrs. Smith'sbook is focused on Becker's thoughts,his ideas, his methods of work; it is alittle more biographical than she intended, a measure of the forcefulnessof Becker as a person, but the bookreflects her original purpose, to write"a work in American historiography."Historiography is a relatively recentword in the national lexicon, onefamiliar to historians and their students but possibly new to other readers. (Here note that the book hasmuch to offer readers interested inphilosophy, writing, criticism.) Theword appears only three times inMrs. Smith's index and not at all inthe large Harvard Guide to American History (1954), edited by six notedhistory professors. On page 211 Mrs.Smith defines historiography as thestudy of the contributions of majorhistorical writers.' She immediatelynotes that Becker himself amplifiedthis obvious definition in an essayentitled "What is Historiography?".He maintained that it could andshould be the study of what men atdifferent times have known and believed about the past, a study of thegrowth and expansion of man's concept of the world in which he lives.Becker encouraged this study in hiscourses at Cornell where he spentmost of his career, in his writings andin lectures throughout the country.He taught summer sessions at theUniversity of Michigan, Stanford, Columbia, and the University of Chicago, where a course in historiographyis now required of Ph.D. candidatesin U.S. History. It is altogether appropriate that the man who more thanany other gave impetus to the practice of historiography should be thesubject of Mrs. Smith's doctoral dissertation (Chicago, 1953), now published in shortened form by CornellUniversity Press.The book opens with a long chapter sketching Becker's progressfrom Iowa farm boy to his retiredeminence as Cornell historian. Twoof the six long sections of the bookdeal with the art and practice of writing, Becker's major interest in life. Hisstory is the familiar one of the young,voracious reader who made up hismind to write serials for SaturdayNight (he never did) ; the story of theuniversity student who learned to organize his reading habits but had toabandon the Rhetorics in order tolearn writing "by ear"; and finally, thestory of the professor of catholic, cultivated tastes making his notes onHenry James, Bertrand Russell,Proust, Virginia Woolf, Santayana andothers. He had a lifelong interest infiction; as an undergraduate at Wisconsin he filled two "Wild ThoughtsNotebooks" with material for fictionhe hoped to write, and in later years"read more fiction than most scholarsfeel that they have time for" He developed an urbane, pithy style thathas been highly praised for its literaryquality and faultless transitions. "Theart of writing has been the most persistent and absorbing interest in mylife," Becker entered in his notes.MARCH, 1957 27Working with Becker's collectednotes and papers at Cornell, Mrs.Smith has been able to follow a singleparagraph of Becker's writing throughfour drafts and post-publicationchanges and show' how the man fittedthe words to the thought. She is certainly equal to the task as she is tofitting many and frequent quotationsinto the body of her work. Her treatment of Becker is understanding andperceptive without being completelyuncritical. She writes with a degreeof intensity and a knack for simplicity that makes good reading of otherwise complex material, particularlyBecker's development of historicalrelativism.Becker's concept of historical relativism might be summarized as a belief that re-creation of the past depends upon the selection of recordsand the character or quality of theselector, and thus any re-creation ofthe past is only relatively true. Weare all, he said, subject to the influence of the climate of opinion in whichwe live, thus originating a phrase thatwas to be as widely used by socialscientists as the current frame of reference. We cannot detach ourselvesfrom this climate of opinion, Beckersaid, and therefore we cannot fashionan objective history with which toplan the future. What we can do, hebelieved, is arrive at a partial objectivity, with which to face the present.Mrs. Smith includes contemporaryarguments that Becker faced and answered, all handled with clarity andskill; the quality of her book speakswell for the new field of historiography.Lachlan MacDonald,Lecturer,University College QassAlumni committees planning reunions for the classes of sevens andtwos next spring are at work thesemonths and would welcome helpfrom classmates.1902 will celebrate its 50th reunion; 1932 will be the 25-yearclass. If you are in a reunion class—'02, '07, '12, '17, '22, '27, '32, '37,'42, '47 and '52— plan to be on thequadrangles the weekend of June8.* Indicates person will attend JuneReunion.__ 06-09Inghram D. Hook, PhB '06, announceshis reassociation with Philip J. Close inthe practice of law. Hook writes that"Mr Close is no stranger on the campus. . . for he attended the Law School twosummers even after he was admitted tothe Missouri Bar. In the law class ofDean Katz he was called upon occasionally to express his opinion as a lawyer,'but he evened it up with the Dean on thetennis court by invariably beating him."Hook is a past president of the KansasCity Bar Association and the MissouriBar Association. He has also been pres-Ketirement? Huh!Arthur Gibbon Bovee, '07, was retiredfrom the French Department of the LabSchool ten years ago. He and the familymoved to Athens, Georgia, bought a home,and Artie continued teaching at the University of Georgia. Again he reached"retirement age." Again he seems not toget the idea — from this latest typical bubbling Bovee letter:Dear Howard: Will you kindly have myaddress changed to the above [letterhead; see end of letter] where I am nowteaching and serving the Lord by helpingput on the mav this budding school.It is a thrilling adventure, in view ofthe tremendous potentialities of the project. In its second year there are nearly300 students located on the $150,000 estateof George Mead of the Mead Paper Company of Dayton, Ohio. In addition to thiswe received this fall an adjacent largemansion.Deu volente, I will be back in Chicagoin June for the 50th reunion of my class;the 75th year of my age; and the 125thyear of Alpha Delta Phi . . . All is well \eursident of the Kansas City Alumni Cluband head of the Alumni Foundation.Laird Bell, JD '07, formerly chairmanof the University's Board of Trustees andnow an Honorary Trustee, was named anHonorary Knight Commander of theorder of the British Empire, by QueenElizabeth II, in recognition of his "outstanding services in the cause of Anglo-American understanding."Dr. Franklin McLean, '08, MD 10, SM13, PhD 15, spoke on "Relation of theFine Structure of Bone to its Function"at a seminar of the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, University ofCalifornia, Los Angeles, on February 27.Louis S. Berlin, '09, and Judge SamuelB. Epstein, 13, honorary directors of theMount Sinai Hospital of Chicago, werehonored at the hospital's thirty- seventhannual meeting. Presenting the scrollwas Leo 3. Carlin, 17, JD 19, presidentof the hospital's board of directors.14Francis L. Hutsler, PhB 14, recentlyretired after 32 years with U.S. RubberCo. Hutsler was sales representative ofthe tire division for the city cf Los Angeles. In September, the Hutslers tookand I am healthy and happy to be backin the classroom. Heartily yours, Artie.P.S. We are driving up in our Cadillacpaid for by the royalties from my lastbook Lettres de Paris.Mead HallThe Parochial School of St. ThaddeusAiken, South CarolinaAnd from Edward H. Henry, DB '07,formerly of our own library, later untilretirement head of the libraries of theUniversity of Cincinnati:My dear Howard: I just cannot retirefinally. I came down here to retire butbefore I even got here Dr. McNeal, anold friend, begged me to fill a 5-monthvacancy in his staff [University of Miami]. I agreed. That ends January 31.The new appointee arrives February 1.Now I have been appealed to to acceptan indefinite appointment on the staff ofthe University of Miami College of Medicine Library and I have accepted . . . Wehave bought a home, so please change myaddress to 346 Catalonia Ave., Coral Gables, Fla. Cordially, Edward A. Henry.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDuPont SupervisorDr. John Punderson, SB '40, is researchsupervisor in the polychemicals department at the Du Pont Experimental Station, Wilmington, Del.In this position, Punderson will be directing the research of a group of chemists and engineers carrying out studieson "Delrin" acetal resin, Du Pont's extensive trip across the country andvisited their son and three grandchildrenin Miami. This summer they plan tovacation in Europe.Two lifelong friends were given honorary degrees at Michigan State University's spring commencement in June.Both Marie Dye, 14, PhD '22, retiredDean of the College of Home Economicsat M.S.U., and Sarah Van Hooscn Jones,'14, who retired after 12 years as a member of the State Board of Agriculture,governing body of M.S.U., received honorary Doctor of Laws degrees. The twofriends met in the fifth grade at theUniversity of Chicago elementary school.They were classmates through the grades,high school, and college. In 1914, aftergraduating from the College, the twofriends chose different careers and wereseparated for many years. Miss Dye continued her studies at Chicago, but MissJones decided to operate the family farmnear Rochester, Mich. In 1923, Miss Jonesvisited the M.S.U. campus and discoveredthat Miss Dye had been appointed Assistant Professor of Home Economics. Nowthat they have reached retirement agethey plan to do things they previouslyhad been too busy to do. Miss Jones,who has just returned from a trip aroundthe world, explains: "Now I want tospend time doing something I have always loved— keeping house." Miss Dyeplans to "travel, rest, and visit friendsand home economics alumnae." 17-19Three Law School alumni have formeda partnership for the general practice oflaw. They are Archie Schimberg, PhB'17, JD '22, A. Bruce Schimberg, PhB '49,JD '52, and Maurice Jacobs, JD '52. Thefirm will be located in Chicago under thename of Schimberg, Jacobs & Schimberg.Marjorie Mahurin Myers, (Mrs. LoringM.), '18, writes from Milford, O., "Mrs.James C. DeVol of Battle Creek, Michigan (Willienc Baker DeVol, '18) nowcomes to Cincinnati with her husbandevery six weeks, he on business. Wil-liene and I manage to spend one complete day together. She is now a painter,so we have done all of the art museums,attended all art exhibits, and I am nowintroducing her to some of our very competent Cincinnati artists."Dr. Walter Palmer, '18, SM '19, MD '21PhD '26, conducted a clinic on pepticulcers at the regional meeting of theAmerican College of Physicians in St.Louis.Dr. Waltman Walters, MD '19, a member of the Mayo Clinic staff at Rochester,Minn., was honored recently by the Shat-tuck School, Faribault, Minn. In recognition of alumni who have distinguishedthemselves in the fields of education,government, church, or the armed forces,shields representing their institutions ordivisions are hung in the dining hall atShattuck. The seal of the Naval Bureauof Medicine and Surgery is on a shieldrepresenting Dr. Walters, Rear Admiralin the U.S. Naval Reserve.20-28Dr. M. Edward Davis, '20, MD '22, spokeon "Steroids in Pregnancy" at the Symposium on Fetal Salvage conducted at theJersey City, (N.J.), Medical Center.Brenton W. Stevenson, PhB '22, AM '25,is Associate Professor of English andUniversity Editor at the University ofToledo. Stevenson joined the U.T. faculty in 1930 after having taught at Denison University and Chicago.Henry Steele Commager, PhB '23, AM'24, PhD '28, Professor of History andAmerican Studies at Amherst College,visited Chile in December on behalf cfthe U.S. State Department. While inChile for the State Department, Commager was made an Honorary Professorby the University of Chile and an honorary member of the Academy of History.Vera L. Smith, PhB '26, writes that shehas been "graduated." Formerly secretaryto the sales manager for the World BookEncyclopedia, Vera has been "relieved ofall secretarial detail in favor of activityas a member of the executive staff incharge of [Field Enterprises'] juvenilepublication, C/iildcraft." She takes charge , nni™jiiiiiivw_M'M^^hol'smanI^^_2___mn&sSReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525BEST BOILER REPAIR&WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING'331 TelephoneW. Joeltson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57+h StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson - PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or Wasson DoesBOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.MARCH, 1957 29Since 7885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.T)keLxcluHve CleanexAWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200Phones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H< Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4 of the creation of sales literature, specialcampaign material, general letters, andall other matters of sales promotion. Verais a member of the College Senate.Jack P. Cowen, SB '27, MD '31, had aone-man show of paintings at the Harding Museum in Chicago during the monthof February.Dr. Gene H. Kistler, SM '28, MD '31,was installed as president of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) and Hamilton CountyMedical Society at the society's annualbanquet on January 9. A golfing enthusiast, Dr. Kistler scored a hole-in-one ata recent New Year's Eve pro -amateurmatch.Dr. John V. Prohaska, '28, MD '34,spoke on "Carcinoma of the Colon" before the North Side branch of the Chicago Medical Society.John J. McDonough, PhB '28, vice-president of the Harris Savings Bank, Chicago, celebrated his twenty-fifth anniversary with the bank. McDonough, whoserved as a Lieutenant Colonel duringWorld War II, participates actively inChicago civic organizations. He is amember of the board of governers andvice-president of International House,past chairman of the Alumni Foundation, past chairman of the Joint CivicCommittee of Elections, a member of theChicago Crime Commission, and a member of the board of directors and assistant treasurer of the Citizens of GreaterChicago organization. For the past twoyears McDonough has been a member ofthe faculty and director of seminars atthe Graduate School of Banking of theUniversity of Wisconsin.30-39Paul Rudnick, SB '30, PhD '36, hasbeen employed by the University of California's Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as a physicist in the test division.The test division is concerned with thetechnical planning, preparation, instrumentation, actual detonation, and analysis of results of all tests held at theNevada test site and Eniwetok provingground.Robert C. Lee, PhB '34, MBA '51, hasbeen promoted to vice-president of theChicago Title and Trust Co. Bob is onthe executive committee of the University of Chicago Club of Lake County, 111.,and a member of the advisory council ofthe University's School of Business.James K. Mulligan, PhB '34, AM '37,has been appointed wage board specialistfor the Civil Service Commission. Mulligan's primary responsibility will beto work with Federal agencies towardgreater consistency in tne rates of payment of Federal trade, craft, and manual-labor employees. He transferred tohis new position from Boston where he Save Crippled ChildrenBUY EASTER SEALSCHICAGO ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service tor Mail AdvertisersPRINTING— -LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewiiting o Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica - Exacta - Rolleiflex - Polaroid1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"SARGENT'S DRUG STOREestablished 1852Chicago's most completeprescription and chemical stockphone RAndolph 6-477023 N. Wabash AvenueChicagoTheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake— FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur SpecialtyPOND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersMimeographingAddressingMailingMinimum PricesHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph ServiceHighest Quality ServiceAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisGlen Eyrie Farm for Childrenon Delavan LakeFarm Camp — Family Group —30 ChildrenACTIVITIES— Care of animals, riding, gardening,swimming, nature hunts, barn dancing, singing.VIRGINIA H. BUZZELL, '13, Director,Delavan, Wis.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIIKRCURYnow available in 12 major citiesAmerican Airline's famous Mercury service, formerly availableonly on New York-Los Angeles nonstop flights, is now extended to includeall the cities listed above. Mercury luxury means red carpet serviceat shipside, reserved seats, superb cuisine— all on the DC* 7,world's fastest airliner— and all at no extra fare.* AMERICAN AIRLINESMARCH, 1957 31was area wage and classification chieffor Navy civilians in New England andin the Atlantic and Mediterranean areasoverseas.Robert C. Jones, AM '35, recently presented a paper to the 7th annual NationalConference of Sociology and gave talksat the University of Nuevo Leon in Monterrey, Mexico. Jones has just completeda series of discussions on communitydevelopment and organization for thesocial work staff of the Children's Hospital in Mexico City.Gale J. Young, SM '36, is vice-presidentand co-executive of Nuclear DevelopmentCorporation of America.Louis S. Hough, AB '36, AM '42, PhD'53, is Professor of Economics at the University of Toledo. He joined the Toledofaculty in 1954 after teaching at MiamiUniversity, the University of Denver, andthe University of Pittsburgh.Edward S. Stern, AB '37, JD '40, hasbeen made a partner in the law firm cfAaron, Aaron, Schimberg, and Hess.*Lawrence R. Stickler, SB '37, SM '38,is the father cf Elizabeth Suzanne, bornDecember 27. The Sticklers now havefour children.Philip R. Clarke, Jr., AB '37, formerlyvice-president of City National Bank andTrust Co. of Chicago, has joined theChicago office of Lehman Brothers, investment bankers. Clarke joined CityNational Bank and Trust Co. in 1946 andbecame a vice-president in 1951.Auren Kahn, AM '38, who is directorfor France of the American Jewish JointDistribution Committee, writes that heis temporarily splitting his time betweenParis and Tunis in the absence of a"trained, experienced, male, Americansocial worker speaking French" who canreplace the former director for Tunisia. Ruth Kershaw Dull, '39, who was amember of the Alumni Office staff during her days on campus, dropped in atAlumni House in late January for a visit.Ruth is the wife of Raymond B. Dull,SM '35, technical service manager, arccarbons, National Carbon Co. The Dullslive in Fostoria, Ohio. They have threechildren: Kathy Jane, 12; Betsy, 9; andKenny, 5. Ruth and Ray met on theskating rink, under the Stands. She hascontinued her skating and, when the icemelts, swimming. Ray has his Ph.D.from Penn State.Dr. Leon O. Jacobson, MD '39, Directorcf the Argonne Cancer Research Hospitalon campus, has been elected President ofthe Reticuloendothelial Society of theNew England Institute for Medical Research. Merle Tuberg Gold, SB '42, PhD '46, isliving in Cambridge, Mass., where herhusband, Thomas Gold, was recently appointed Professor of Astronomy at Harvard University.Eleanor Marie Zeis, AM '43, marriedEdward A. Parker in Dallas. The couplewill make their home in Lima, Peru.Gene Kritchevsky, SB '43, SM '46, is aresearch chemist on the staff of the highenergy fuels operation of Olin MathiesonChemical Corp. at Niagara Falls, N.Y.Kritchevsky is a member of the American Chemical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science,Botanical Society of America, and Chemical Society (London).44-4940-43Ruth Schuler Stewart, AM '40, writesthat she is still with the Los Angeles areaoffice of the California State Departmentof Social Welfare, although only on ahalf-time basis. She is married to RalphStewart who serves in the Los Angeles^County Welfare Department.J. Gordon Henry, JD '41, has been promoted to attorney in the legal departmentcf the Northern Trust Co. Gordon ispresident of the University of ChicagoClub of Lake County, 111.Dr. Joseph Kirsner, PhD '42, was theguest of the Maimonides Medical Societycf the University of Buffalo on February9. He spoke on peptic ulcer. Two weekslater he spoke on ulcerative colitis at theUniversity of Maryland in Baltimore. InJanuary he took part in a panel discussion of the American College of Surgeons.His subject was "Surgery of the BiliaryTract and Pancreas." The Very Rev. Paul C. Reinhert, S.J.,PhD '44, President of St. Louis University, was awarded an honorary doctor oflaws degree at the 87th midyear commencement exercises for Loyola University of Chicago. Father Reinhert'shonorary degree was conferred in recognition of his outstanding educational accomplishments and contributions to theprogress of education throughout theworld. Father Reinhert is a nationallyknown leader of various educational associations. Currently, he is president ofthe North Central Association cf Colleges and Secondary Schools, the accrediting agency for over 400 colleges anduniversities and 3,400 high schools in a19-state area in the Midwest. PresidentEisenhower in 1956 appointed FatherReinhert to his 30 -man Committee onEducation Beyond High School. He alsoserved on the 13-man educational advisory committee of the InternationalCooperation Administration which helpedguide U.S. educational policy in foreignaid programs.MAKE UFE WORTH LIVING...The Sun Life of Canada, one of the world's great life- insurance companies, offers men ofambition and integrity an outstanding professional career in its expanding United States fieldforce. If you feel that there is room for improvement in your business life, and if you areinterested in a dignified career where you are limited only by your own efforts and ability,then Sun Life might provide the answer. There are excellent opportunities for advancementto supervisory and managerial rank.EXPERT TRAINING • IMMEDIATE INCOME WITH COMMISSION AND BONUSESHOSPITALIZATION AND RETIREMENT PLANSTo learn more about the advantages of a Sun Life sales career, write to J. A. McALLISTER,Vice-President and Director of Agencies, who will be glad to direct you to the branch nearestyour home. Sun Life maintains 45 branches in the United States from coast to coast.SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADAHead Office: Sun Life Building, Dominion Square, Montreal.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFlorence McGetrick, AM '44, has beenappointed Assistant Professor at the University of Missouri.Ray Koppelman, '44, PhD '52, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and in The College at theUniversity.Alan M. Dobry, PhB '45, SB '45, SM'48, PhD '50, has joined the staff of theWhiting Research Laboratories of theStandard Oil Co., (Indiana). Dobry recently received a master of letters degreein mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh. He is a member of the AmericanChemical Society, the Chemical Society(London), the Society of LubricatingEngineers, and the American Society forTesting Materials.Dr. Robert J. Wissler, PhD '46, MD '48,participated in the New York Academyof Science symposium on "Immunologyand Cancer." Dr. Wissler spoke on "Cytotoxic Effects of Anti-Tumor Serum."The Rev. H. Robert Gemmer, DB '47,is associate secretary in charge of socialwork for the Cleveland Church Federation.Rex J. Bates, '47, MBA '49, has beenadmitted to partnership in the Chicagooffice of Stein, Roe & Farnham, investment counsels.Allen J. Burris, MBA '48, was promotedto manager of the corporate trust operations division of the operating department, Northern Trust Co., Chicago.William G. Gehman, SB '48, has joinedthe technical staff of Atomics International, a division of North American Aviation, Inc., as senior research chemist inthe inorganic chemistry unit. Prior tojoining Atomics International, he wasconnected with the U.S. Naval OrdnanceLaboratory at Corona, Calif. Gehmanand his wife reside in Van Nuys, Calif.Bernard Krask, '49, is a Research Associate in the Food Research Institute atthe University.Louise M. Stutsman, AM '49, has takenan appointment as Lecturer in the Schoolof Social Work at the University ofWashington. Her field is research supervision.50-55Alton M. Broten, AM '50, has been appointed consultant and associate directorof the Group Child Care Project established by the University of North Carolina School of Social Work and theSoutheastern Conference of Workers inHomes for Children.Dorothy Klingler, '50, has been madeAssociate Professor and Coordinator ofField Work and First Year Placement atthe University of Denver. the finest selection we have ever offeredOUR OWN MAKE TROPICAL WORSTEDSin exclusive 8-oz. Dacron and wool blendsBrooks Brothers tropical worsted suits are outstandingly distinctive... being made in our ownworkrooms of lightweight Dacron* and woolblends, woven exclusively for us in our own designsand colorings. Unusually comfortable, they areavailable in blues, browns, greys and fancies excellent for town or country wear. Coat, trousers. $95Also our "346" tropical worsteds , $75 and $8532 page Spring Catalogue sent upon request.*DuPont,s fiberESTABLISHED 1818^ — - ^__L *^^_____rT rz _y_^' ^ ?|j_ens futmstHngilJIate %% hoe*346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N.V.1 1 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N.Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOMarch, 1957Robert M. Coddington, MBA '50, isassistant manager of the personal trustoperations division of the operating department, Northern Trust Co., Chicago.Lennart Thustrom, PhB '50, was separated from the U.S. Army in Octoberand is currently working for the McDonnell Aircraft Corp., St. Louis.Dr. Fausto Tanzi, MD '50, was guesteditor with Dr. Wright Adams, both ofthe University Clinics, of the January1957 Medical Clinics of North America.The issue, entitled "The Sick Heart," ismade up of papers by Chicago physiciansselected by Dr. Adams and Dr. Tanzi.Jack Milgrom, AB '50, SM '51, hasjoined the staff of the Whiting ResearchLaboratories of the Standard Oil Co.(Indiana).Dr. Jack B. McClure MD '50, and hiswife Marie McClure, SB '50, announcethe birth of their first child, DouglasBruce, on October 21, in Myrtle Creek,Ore.Thalia Cheronis Selz, AM '51, has beenteaching in the English Department atPomona College, Claremont, Calif., whereher husband, Peter Selz, AM '49, PhD'54, heads the Art Department. She isresigning in February, however, sincetheir baby is due in March. Other productions: she will soon have a story inthe Virginia Quarterly Review and Peter'sbook on German expressionist paintingis due in the bookstores in the fall. CommissionedLeonard J. Felzenberg, AB '52, wascommissioned as an Ensign in the UnitedStates Naval Reserve at ceremonies conducted December 14, at the Navy's Officer Candidate School, Newport, R.I.Currently attending the School of NavalJustice in Newport, Felzenberg expectsto be assigned to a new duty stationshortly. s, Robert C. Gerhard, SM '52, marriedGwendolyn Stephens in Greenwich, Conn.Gerhard is presently working on his PhDin the University's Geology Department. Ruth H. Solomon, AM '52, is directorof the Albany (N.Y.) Study Center forLearning Disabilities. The Center is anonprofit organization designed to diagnose, study, and offer direction for remediation of those children with adequateintelligence who are having difficulty inlearning or reading in school.Walter G. Rest, AM '52, has been director of the Youth Service Bureau ofthe Church Federation of Greater Chicago, since November.Benjamin H. Lynden, PhD '53, is Deanof the School of Social Work at the University of Buffalo.Alicerose Barman Schadig, (Mrs. Matthew), AM '54, who teaches 3rd gradeclasses at Northbrook Public School,Northbrook, 111., is co-editor of a booklet,Your Child and the People Around Him,for Science Research Associates, Inc.Alicerose also lectures frequently onadult education and is the author of several other articles in national magazines.Ellsworth C. McClenachan, '55, is working for a doctorate in Chemistry at theUniversity of Michigan.Stanton T. Friedman, SB '55, SM '56,was married to the former Sue PorterTowey of Chicago. The couple live inCincinnati, where Friedman is a physicist with the aircraft nuclear propulsiondepartment of General Electric.Right! Everybody wins, when they __ —say Hinde (rhymes with find) and Dauch (pronounceddowk). Try it: "Hinde & Dauch for corrugated boxes."HINDE & DAUCHSubsidiary of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company34 14 FACTORIES AND 42 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIt was contagious at Stanford(and we couldn't be happier!)Seven years ago, a Stanford graduate joinedNew England Life at our branch office in PaloAlto, California. Six months later, another Stanfordman arrived. Then, within three years, two otherStanford stalwarts were saying, "Move over, fellows."We're all in favor of this kind of "contagion." Especially when New England Life ends up with a congenial quartet like this: (left to right, in photo) JackMartinelli ('48), Earle Patten ('49), Joe Pickering(Bus. School '50), Dave Hoffman (Bus. School '51).These men have made fine progress together, too. Allhave qualified for membership in our Leaders Association — the company's top production club.What made them decide on New England Life?Jack: ". . . looked into other life companies, but likedwhat New England Life had to sell." Earle: ". . . likethe comprehensive and personalized training." Joe:". . . impressed by the company's outstanding reputation in the business and financial community." Dave: "... a quality company and I wanted to be in businessfor myself."There's room in the New England Life picture forother ambitious college men who meet our requirements. You get income while you're learning. Youcan work almost anywhere in the U. S. A. Your futureis full of sizable rewards.You can get more information about this career opportunity by writing Vice President L. M. Huppeler,501 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Mass.A BETTER LIFE FOR YOUNEW ENGLANDBOSTON. MASSACHUSETTS<_4to/LIFETHE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED , . LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA 1835These Chicago University men are New England Life representatives:Harry Benner, '12, Chicago^eorge Marselos, '34, Chicago""chard M. Rohn, '37, Grp. Mgr., Chicago John H. Downs, C.L.U., '46, ChicagoEugene Freemen, '37, ChicagoHerbert W. Siegal, '46, San AntonioAsk one of these competent men to tell you about the advantages of insuring in the New England Life.Paul C. Lippold, '38, ChicagoRobert P. Saalbach, '39, OmahaJames M. Banghart, '41, Adv. Mgr., St. PaulMarch, 1957 35MemorialEmily Hochstein, AB '99, died January2 at Bronson Hospital, Kalamazoo, MichMiss Hochstein was a teacher for 42 yearsand, for 22 years until her retirement inJune, 1942, headed the foreign languagedepartment at Central High School,Kalamazoo.Cleora Chapin Gagnier, (Mrs JamesH.), AM '06, died October 21, in Kalamazoo, Mich., after a long illness. She issurvived by her husband; son JamesChapin Gagnier, of Morristown, N.J.;daughter, Cleora E. Gagnier, of NewYork City; and three grandchildren.Ansel A. Knowlton, PhD '10, retiredhead of the Reed College Physics Department, died January 9 at WashingtonCounty Hospital, Hillsboro, Ore. Knowlton headed the Reed College Departmentof Physics for 33 years, until 1948. Amongthe honors given him were the HansChristian Oerstad Award in 1952, thehighest given teachers of physics. Heh§d also been named as one of the sixoutstanding residents of the Northwestduring the first half of the 20th century.^ Edward T. Sturgeon, '11, died duringthe Christmas holidays.William C. Rogers, PhB '12, retired attorney, died January 24. He had beenassociated with the Atlantic and PacificTea Co. for 18 years when he retiredfive years ago. Services were held inColumbus, O.Fanny A. Bivans, LLB '12, died in St.Mary's Hospital, Decatur, 111., on December 31. Miss Bivans retired as an attorney some years ago, but was noted forher appearances before the SupremeCourt of Illinois.Jerome N. Frank, PhB '12, JD '13,Judge of the U.S. Second Circuit Courtof Appeals, died January 13 in NewHaven, Conn. Frank was appointed tothe appeals bench in 1941 by PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt after many yearsof private legal practice and federal service. He was the first general counsel forthe Agricultural Adjustment Administration and was a former chairman of theSecurities and Exchange Commission.After joining the New Deal, he was oneof the central figures in Roosevelt's firstadministration. As AAA counsel Frankadvocated farm recovery policies whichwere at odds with the policies cf theadministration.Refusal to compromise his principlesresulted in his resignation from the AAA.Later, he was appointed special counselfor the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, a post he held until he was appointed to the SEC in 1937. In 1950,Judge Frank disqualified himself fromhearing an appeal by Alger Hiss of his conviction for perjury to conceal treason. Frank had been associated with Hissin the AAA days. Surviving Frank arehis wife, Florence Kiper, '11, and daughter, Barbara.Ramona Reichert Higson, (Mrs. Francis D.), '16, died September 28 at theWhite Plains Hospital, White Plains, N.Y.Mary Manning, PhB '16, died in January in Peace Memorial ConvalescentHome, Chicago, where she had lived sinceher retirement from the Cook Countypublic school system 1% years ago. MissManning was a teacher in Cook Countyand Chicago for 44 years before her retirement.James E. Moffat, SM '16, PhD '24, diedin Bloomington, Ind., January 9. Moffatwas Professor of Economics at IndianaUniversity. -John W. Long, SB '18, died February16.Louise Hostetler Goode, (Mrs. Roy D.),'21, died January 1, in Menlo Park, Calif.Hardy Listen, SB '25, AM '28, Presidentcf Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, N.C, died October 20.Emma E. Dennison, PhB '26, died inSeptember in Grand Rapids, Mich. Shehad been supervisor of special classes forthe Grand Rapids Board of Education.Dr. Arthur R. Bryant, MD '30, of Beatrice, Neb., died in June.Dr. Ralph E. Talbott, MD '35, died onJanuary 7 in Chicago.An ApologyIn handling hundreds of namesand facts each month, our recordssection usually does a highly accurate job. Occasionally an erroroccurs. An erroneous entry wasmade in the December, 1956, issueof the Magazine. The entry shouldhave read, "Dr. Robert B. Sweet,MD '02, died July 10." Our apologies to another Dr. Robert B.Sweet, who took our prematurenotice of his decease with extremegrace, to wit:"As a graduate of the Universityof Chicago Medical School, class of1941, I have been informed by several of my classmates that I amdeceased as reported by your publication. While I have been referred to as a "dead-beat" no onehas ever gone quite this far before.It would be appreciated if a retraction could be published, unless, ofcourse, a Memorial Fund has beenset up in my memory under whichcircumstance I will force myself tohandle all donations.Robert B. Sweet"(Dr. Sweet is Chairman of theDepartment of Anesthesiology atthe University of Michigan.) GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186Webb-Linn Printing Co*Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of theUniversity of ChicagoMagazine?Louis S. Berlin, B.A. '09MOnroe 6-2900YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S . . .v MAD! WITHSwift'sA product f Swift &7409 ScPhone F CompanySo. State StreetRAdcliffe 3-7400t. a. rehnquist co SidewalksU jl Factory Floors**— '' MachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433Give ToTHE MARCH OF DIMES36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe sun that never setsF°R YKARS, movie makers have relied on the powerfulC;'il)on arc lo light their motion picture studio sets.*l gives them brilliant, man-made "sunlight" for use*hen and where it is needed.Recently , Union Carbide— a pioneer in carbon-arc lighting— perfected a new yellow flame carbonarc for use in color photography. It gives off a perfectly halanced light which brings out true colors onClay's sensitive film. This development has been[ccogiiized by the award of an "Oscar," symbol of"'ghest achievement in the motion picture industry., l,t the carbon arc is not limited to studio light-'^g alone. Its intense beam is also used to project the"iy picture on the film to the breathtaking realismand depth you see on theatre screens. Many more uses of this amazing light have beendeveloped — duplicating the effect of sunlight on newpaint and textile colors ... or analyzing the basiccomposition of a great many different materials. Thescientists of Union Carbide will continue their researchefforts to find new and better ways to make carbonserve all of us.STUDENTS AND STUDENT ADVISERS: Learn more about careeropportunities with Union Carbide in Ai.I.OYS,Cariions,Chhmk:ais,CASKS, and Plastics. Write for "Products and Processes" booklet.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION3 0 EAST 42ND STREET HIM NEW Y O R K 17. N. Y.Iii Canada: Union Cariiide Canada Limited, TorontoVCCs Trade-marked Products include^Tionai. Carlions PllEST-O-I.ITE Acetylene SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS El.ECTROMET Alloys and Metals|l*«Stonr Ami-Freeze Union Calcium Carbide Haynes Stei.i.ite Alloys Dynel Textile Fil.ers Eveready Flashlights and BatteriesaKEi.ite. YlNYI.ITE. and KltENE Plastics PYBOFAX Gas LlNDE Oxygen UNION CARBIDE Silicones ClUC Agricultural ChemicalsTo avoid Memorial Day holiday weeka change in dates for Reunionhas been made from June 1 toSaturday -June 8, 1957ALUMNI DAY ON CAMPUSOf course, the week will includeOwl & serpent annual Convention Wednesday, June 5Order of the C game and dinner Thursday, June 6Class reunions in the evening Friday, June 7The hilarious Faculty Revels Friday, June 7Alumni Day program and sing Saturday, June 8and such Alumni Day events asThe Alumnae BreakfastThe Emeritus Club LuncheonThe Citation LuncheonThe Alumni Assemblyand the 46th annual Interfraternity SingPlan to spend the weekend on campusWe will gladly make your hotel or dormitoryreservations if you wish.