[JANUARY 19574DANGER,SPY\!ALUMNI ASSOCIATION LUNCHEONClub Room, Art Institute of Chicago 12:15 P.M. $2.50Thursday, January 10John A. WilsonDistinguished ServiceProfessor of EgyptologyThe Suez Canal cuts a vital channel midstthe passions of Arab, Israeli, French andBritish interests in the Near East. Alumniare privileged to be able to hear Professor Wilson discuss the historical background and current events of the crisis inEgypt.NELS NORGREN DAYSaturday, February 2Luncheon at 12:00 Alumni Varsity Basketball Game at 3:30From his freshman year of 1910 until this spring of his retirement, Nelson Norgren has been an outstanding figure in Chicago athletics. A committee of his friends in the Class of 1914 and alumni throughthe thirty four years that he has been a Maroon coach is planning a luncheon in his honor to precede theannual Alumni-Varsity basketball game. Further details of the luncheon and game will be mailed uponrequest (see coupon below).The Alumni Association, 5733 University Ave., Chicago 37, III. Midway 3-0800, ext. 3241.I wish to order reservations for the luncheon January 10I enclosed my check for $ ($2.50 ea). Make checks: Alumni Association.Please send me the program for Nels Norgren Day.Name: - Add ress:__!MemojmDear diary:Suddenly the editor says: "Your column is due today" and I start wonderingwhere the month went.Two weeks in court. Jury duty! Firsttime I've been called in my 29 years onthe Midway. All my fellow jurors weremost conscientious but logic gets so involved with emotions that I'm not sureI'd want a jury trial.The first day I had lunch at the DrakeRestaurant on Dearborn. Who shouldjoin me but George Drake, '43. He wassupervising the installation of a banquetroom on the second floor. George is amember of the Alumni Association Cabinet, you know.Meanwhile, Earle Ludgin, co-chairmanof last year's campaign, accepted an invitation to talk about letter-writing atthe annual meeting of the fifth districtof the American Alumni Council inHighland Park. You will remember theTime-Life award his and John McDon-ough's letters won for the best direct-mail campaign.A surprise for Earle was Time-Life'sMary Tweedy dropping in at the conference to present him with a miniaturedesk model of the plaque you saw Earleand John holding on Page 3 of the November Tower Topics. The big plaquecirculates; the little one will alwaysremain at Chicago.The first week in December there wasonly one vacant hotel room in New YorkCity. And Jerry Jontry's secretary hadto call 43 hotels before she found it forme! Jerry is president of our New YorkClub (and advertising manager of Esquire). Suddenly I had to go to NewYork. I merely asked Jerry to reservea hotel room for three days.But the big New York Alumni ClubConvention at the Astor in late November, I can report, was a great success.Nearly 300 alumni took in the show;225 stayed for dinner in the grand ballroom.I had lunch with Ernest E. Quantrell,'05, Honorary Trustee of the University.He thinks we should publish the Harperstory, cartoons and all, in booklet form.From the enthusiastic reactions we'vehad from many readers, he may be right.Also had a luncheon date with RobertWhitlow, '36, and Henry Sulcer, '33, bothofficers of our New York Club. Henryhad just had a catastrophe at his home inMaplewood, N. J. He and his wife (Wallace Crume, '34), returned from a lateevening affair just in time to rescue thechildren from a flaming house. No one wanted to consider what would ,havehappened if they had been fifteen minutes later.a ^ ^In last month's Memo Pad I had said:"... seventeen alumni . . . should not flauntthe patent laws..." So I got a sympathetic letter from Hope Sherman, Pleasant Valley, Connecticut.Congratulations on your publication ofMilton Mayer's Harper story. There weregiants in those days, but we who camelater are grateful for our heritage.What about a dictionary in the editor'soffice? Don't you mean "flout" not"flaunt?" It was the University's coat-of-arms that was wrongfully flaunted,not the patent laws, which, thanks toF. D. R. are nowadays flouted if it can bedone with impunity.Hope Sherman, '20In the rush of meeting deadlines, it isall too easy to forget one's manners.We wish to make amends, so herewitha great big thank-you to several personswho were most helpful in guiding us tothose charming illustrations which accompanied the Harper serial: to RobertRosenthal, Head of the Department ofSpecial Collections, Harper Library, whoput in many patient hours digging upmaterial for us; to Honorary TrusteeErnest E. Quantrell, whose keen memorywas responsible for the cartoon, "Dr.Harper's Monument" which appeared inDecember; and to members of the Harperfamily, for patience and graciousness inlending us materials from the familycollection.Dr. W. J. Monilaw, for many yearsthe physical director at University HighSchool and since 1912, owner and operator of Camp Highland in Wisconsin, isrecovering from a serious abdominaloperation. He has been recuperating atthe home of his daughter and son-in-law,the Arthur Codys ('24) in Winnetka.Mail can be addressed to the Monilawhome, 5619 S. Dorchester Avenue, Chicago 37. Dr. Monilaw is 82 years old.And just this minute, as I am about toclose this column, comes a telephone flashfrom Denver. Arnold M. Chutkow, '48,JD'51, and his father Samuel Chutkow,'18, JD'20, were in an automobile accident. Arnold was killed and his dad isin serious condition. No particulars butterribly shocking. Arnold, who practicedlaw with his father, was coordinator forour student enrollment committee inDenver. His father has provided leadership for our Denver activities for decades. H. W. M. You can takeit with you!HOLIDAY Magazine'sTravelEurope's?issueAn entire issue packed with tips,tours, sidelights and high lightsthat'll make your trip even better!ITALY Her Adriatic Coast isthe Riviera's latest rival! It's 80miles of exuberant, sun-soakedlotus land — it's healthy, inexpensive and exciting — and it mightbecome Europe's newest fad!PARIS Here's the low-downon Paris high fashion that covers*a whole lot more than the models! Read about the champagneparties at Maxim's, the rentedRolls-Royces and the back-roombickerings that change the shapesof a nation.BELGIUM She's beautifultoday, and her gay and busy people are devoted to solid good living—but Belgium was crushed byboth World Wars! Millions ofGI's will never forget her, or theBelgians they got to know.PRINCESS MARGARETIs she a lonely girl, tormented bydreams? Or is she the gay night-clubber who likes to live it up?Holiday has the answers!PLUS: 10 EUROPEAN TOURS;111 EUROPEAN RESTAURANTS;CALENDAR OF 72 EUROPEANEVENTS - Prices! Places! Specialties!NOW AT YOUR NEWSSTAND^e " JftNtlARYDHOLIDAYA CURTIS MAGAZINEJANUARY, 1957193419441954 What class were you in at college?In that year American issued the first travel credit card as a convenience tohusinessmen, an innovation used by all airlines today.In that year American inaugurated the first scheduled airfreight service. Todaymillions of tons a year are flown by airfreight.That was the year that American again made history with the first nonstop servicefrom coast to coast on its new DC'7 Flagships.Over the years the college graduate, the leader in hisindustry and his community, has always been first toutilize- the many opportunities created by air transportation. Today American Airlines, America's leadingairline, makes these advantages available to an evengreater degree than ever for business and vacation travel. *' AMERICANAIRLINES2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE[ti TJus [sssueIT was on Ellis Avenue that EnricoFermi and his colleagues first splitthe atom almost fifteen years ago. Itseems particularly fitting, therefore, thatright down the street on Ellis Avenue, afew blocks from that historic spot, scientists are busy seeking peaceful usesof the atom.At Argonne Cancer Research Hospitalscientists are developing a whole newset of drugs, using radioactive isotopes.For a report on some of their findingsabout radioisotopes in cancer research,see "they spy on cancer," Page 4.The author, Robert Fox, is well qualified to discuss the subject. He is editorof publications for the Council on Medical and Biological Research at BillingsHospital.As the above-mentioned article will inform you, not all detectives are onthe police force. In "Gods and Gameson the Corinthian Isthmus," (Page 10),Professor Oscar Broneer describes another type of spying — archeologists digging among ruins for details about thepast.Four years ago Dr. Broneer, who isProfessor of Classical Language and Literature, headed the first expedition fromthe University to explore Corinth. Hisgroup has returned twice since, and theirsearch, which he describes here, has beenmost rewarding. For a description ofthe early Greeks' version of today'sstarting gate (at racetracks), read hisfascinating account.rpHE most happy fellows we know are¦*- two alumni named Norman Panamaand Melvin Frank, and if you'll turn toPage 9, you'll discover why.Lachland MacDonald, the author of"from the Midway to Broadway via Dog-patch" is a free-lance writer who iscurrently conducting a workshop in creative writing for the Downtown College.He is also a graduate student in theHumanities Division.TJTHEN it was announced that a me-™morial service for the late Anton J."Ajax" Carlson would be held in anauditorium in Billings Hospital, so manypersons indicated their wish to attendthat the services were moved to Rockefeller Chapel. Beginning on Page 20 youwill find two of the talks given at theservice.^TmE university proudly announces thattogether with the University of Virginia it will publish the papers of founding father James Madison. Details of thepublication plans are given on Page 30. UNIVERSITYMAGAZINE JANUARY, 1957Volume 49, Number 4FEATURES491020232530 they spy on cancer Robert FoxMidway to Broadway Lachland MacDonaldGods and Games Dr. Oscar T. BroneerAnton J. Carlson,A Memorial Lawrence A. Kimpron, Lester R. DragstedtIntroducing the Cabinet — IIIThe College Division, Alumni AssociationPlan Publication of Madison PapersDEPARTMENTSI Memo Pad3 In This Issue16 News of the Quadrangles27 Books30 Letters33 Class News40 MemorialCOVERPharmacist James Hatakayama uses metal tongs to remove "hot"materials from a lead-walled refrigerator at Argonne Cancer Research Hospital's Isotope Pharmacy. For details on how pharmacistshandle radioactive isotopes, turn to Page 4. (Photo by Archie Lieber-man-Black Star.)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University ^Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditor Editorial AssistantFELICIA ANTHENELLI STEPHEN B. APPELTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORANRegional DirectorsROBERT L BOTHWELLCLARENCE A. PETERS (Midwestern)(Eastern)WILLIAM H. SWAN BERG (Western) The Alumni FundORLANDO R. DAVIDSONGILBERT E. DAHLBERGStudent RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAWPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December L, 1934, at the Post Office af Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.JANUARY, 1957 3they spy on cancerradioisotopes are proving to be one of science's best alliesin the unending search for facts about a dread diseaseby Robert FoxCURE for cancer is yet to befound, but each day scientistsare learning more facts about thisbaffling disease with the help of radioactive "spies" — radioisotopesScientists can spy on a hiddentumor, or follow the path of a malignant cancer with the use of radioisotopes because their exact location iseasily traced with a radioactive detecting device.Although work with radioisotopesis still largely in the experimentalstage, scientists are already findingthem beneficial in both research andtherapy.What is a radioisotope? Everyelement is composed of atoms. Ineach element not every atom is always the same weight; when theydiffer, they are called isotopes. Thus,you might speak of all hydrogenatoms as simply hydrogen atoms, butif you wished to be more specific youwould refer to the different hydrogen isotopes by listing the atomicweight of each, as hydrogen 1, hydrogen 2 (deuterium) and hydrogen 3(tritium). Some isotopes are radioactive naturally, others can be madeso. Their value in being radioactivelies in the fact that in this form theycan be easily traced by such detectors as geiger counters.The introduction of radioisotopeshas given fresh impetus to basic research in the fields of medical andbiological research. Many scientistsfeel that the use of radioisotopesmeans as much to medical researchtoday as did the invention of themicroscope three hundred years ago.Radioisotope study, for example,has provided entirely new informa tion about physiology. It is nowknown that the body is constantlyturning over its chemical constituents,and is not a static thing at all.It has also given a much greaterdegree of accuracy in the measurement of the physiological processes ofthe human body, without any radiation hazard to the subjects tested.Beneficial effects from radioisotopesare also being noted in the field ofradiation therapy.The treatment of cancer by radiation is not new. Therapy using X-raymachines and radium has been donefor many years. However, with theintroduction of radioisotopes, radiation therapy has taken on added importance; it has provided a newmeans for the distribution and administration of radiation to tumors.XTLT the University's Argonne Cancer Research Hospital, scientists areworking with radioisotopes such astritium, carbon 14, radium 226, sodium24 and 22, chromium 51, sulfur 35,chlorine 36, and thulium 170. Thisreport will deal with those isotopesused in cancer therapy, namely, gold198, phosphorus 32, yttrium 90, iodine131, and cobalt 60.According to the ten-year reportof the Atomic Energy Commission,these five radioisotopes have proveda valuable method of treatment notonly for cancer but also for certainheart ailments.Work at Argonne is under the direction of Dr. Leon O. Jacobson, MD'39, Director, and Dr. Robert J. Hasterlik, SB '34, MD '38, Associate Director. Most of the radioisotopes are newand untried as drugs. There are manyproblems involved in experimentingwith them. First the raw materialsmust be purified through irradiationin a reactor or cyclotron. Next theymust be measured for chemical andradiation toxicity. Their behavior isthen noted in experimental animals,before they are clinically tested inhuman patients.The problems do not end thereThe failures encountered in testingisotopes are as important as the successes, and the scientist must continue to explore, after the clinicaltests, to determine why and how aparticular isotope worked or did notwork.All of this calls for a broad planof research, emphasizing the study ofthe use of isotopes as well as thestudy of cancer.Based on experimental studies withradioisotopes are the hopes of finding, ultimately, the best possibletreatment for every cancer patient.Many of the patients accepted forstudy at research institutions likeArgonne Hospital cannot be offeredany guarantee of success. But thefinal study of any drug problem mustArchie Lieberman— BSatek Star— ¦?Pharmacist (right) transfers solutioncontaining radioactive isotopes fromlead stock container to paper cup bymeans of a remote control pipette.Basin he works in is shielded withlead and hooded* to prevent spread ojcontamination should he spill anything-Mirror enables him to see how tomanipulate remote controlled pipette.4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE"-'*,*¦ JCAUTIONRADIOACTIVITY*> 1-151 VTHE ISOTOPE STORY:from pharmacy to patientPharmacist James Hatakayama, using tongs, removes lead cylinder containing radioisotopes fromlead-walled refrigerator, as he begins to preparea medicinal dose for a patient. Billings pharmacists rotate turns working at Argonne IsotopePharmacy, to keep down exposure to radiation.First step (below, left) is to figure amount ofsolution necessary for dosage. This is done byusing a decay chart and slide rule. Chart has adecomposition curve for each specific isotope.Radiation count (below, right) is kept on eachisotope from the moment it leaves place of manufacture until it is discarded as waste material.The prescription must besigned by a doctor beforebeing given. Label givingdosage is then placed onpatient's record sheet.PHOTOS BY ARCHIE LIEBERMAN-BLACK STARTHE ISOTOPE STORY:ContinuedMedicine which patient (a model) is receiving isin a paper cup, carried in a lead container. Thelatter is to protect the pharmacist, who must handle these materials frequently. To keep track ofradiation to which he is exposed, he wears a dosimeter, which is checked frequently. Medicineis administered by the pharmacist to cut down onthe number of personnel handling the material. TheIsotope Pharmacy has handled over five hundredshipments of radioactive materials in two years.be carried out on human beings, because animal experimentation is necessarily inconclusive.When studies are made with suchpotentially dangerous drugs as radioisotopes, the cancer patient is apprisedof the risk. Often the only return tosuch a patient is the assurance ofgood nursing care and palliativetreatment.There are three primary objectivesin the study of radioisotopes. Firstof all, it is necessary to find out whichisotopes are successful in the treatment of a disease. Then it becomesnecessary to discover what happensto these isotopes in the body. Lastly,it is important to study the failures.Before a radioisotope is given toa human patient, there must be considerable testing with animals. Forexample, it has been found that whencertain colloidal elements are injected directly into the diseased tissue of an animal, they tend to stayput. Colloids are gelatinous substances which, when dissolved, willnot readily diffuse through animalmembranes.As a result of animal experimentation, doctors might use a radioactivecolloid effectively and selectively toirradiate any small area of the bodyof a human being. Further, if thecolloid were placed in the lymphaticdrainage of a cancer, the radioactivity would be picked up by the lymphatic system and would be carried along the same channels that thespreading cancer follows. Radioactivecolloidal gold has been used with fairsuccess, and many other isotopes arenow being tested.In another animal experiment a solution of yttrium chloride was injected into the pelvic organs. Theisotope was injected around theuterus and spread through the tissues immediately surrounding theuterus, just as uterine cancer wouldspread in a human being. The radio-yttrium was then carried along thelymphatic channels, following thepath that would be taken by cancer.When such animal experimentationhas been repeated successfully manytimes, it may be worthwhile to trysuch a method in treating metastaticcancer of the uterus. If the yttriumelement does not work well in thehuman body, there is another, an isotope of the rare earth lutecium, whichcan be tried.Many elements, such as lutecium,have never appeared in high-schoolchemistry books. However, much isbeing done to and with these rareearths, and some of them will becomequite common in a few years.Once animal studies have shown anisotope to be safe, human experimentation begins. Here, the cases are selected very carefully, since no oneisotope can be used in every type ofcancer. One such experiment involved patients whose cancers caused large volumes of fluid to leak into the chestcavity. It was determined that, if anisotope can be put into and kept inthe chest cavity, then it will cause adecrease in the amount of fluid thatwill form. The first step in treatmentis to prepare the isotope as a drug. Inthis case, radioactive gold was used.The gold, when injected, distributeditself throughout the fluid of thechest and effectively irradiated thesurface of the cavity. The gold injections have been successful in about50 per cent of the cases so treated.Radioactive gold has also been givenintravenously to patients with livercancer. The radioactivity was distributed completely in all the normal tissue, but the radiation did not invadethe tumor itself. Such treatment mayprove effective for very small tumors,but was inadequate for the largercancers.Radiophosphorus can be administered either orally or intravenouslyand is used in the control of chronicleukemia. Although not a cure, thisradioisotope has been shown definitely to slow up the disease and to bringthe blood count back to normal.Radiophosphorus is also one of thebest methods of treating a non-malignant condition known as polycythemiavera, which causes an increase in thenumber of red blood cells in the body.Radioyttrium has been used in twoJANUARY, 1957 ' 7THE ISOTOPE STORY:ContinuedAt completion of the operation, the area issurveyed to detect any amount of contamination. A member of the clinics radiologystaff serves as consultant for every procedure carried out in the isotope pharmacy. All disposable material is placed in specialwaste containers and ultimately burned. Othercontaminated materials are stored in leadvaults in Argonne Hospital until the amountof radioactivity given off becomes negligible.fields of cancer therapy. One, in theform of pellets, is injected into thepituitary. The purpose of such treatment is to destroy this gland. It is employed in advanced cancers in an attempt to slow down the metastasis orspreading of the disease.Radioyttrium has also been used instead of radiogold to cut down fluidaccumulations in the abdominal andchest regions. Radiogold will emitboth gamma and beta rays, and thereis a radiation-exposure problem. Radioyttrium emits only beta rays, andthere is relatively little danger of exposure to the administrator. However, this radioisotope tends to wander beyond the area into which ithas been injected.Radioactive iodine has been usedsuccessfully in treating thyroid cancers. Iodine is known to have an affinity for this gland, and when administered to the patient the isotope willtravel directly to the thyroid. Approximately 20 per cent of the casestreated have benefitted from iodine treatment. In various forms, radio -iodine is sometimes used for localization of some tumors of the brain.Argonne scientists are also studyingiron 59, phosphorus 32, and chromium 51 in relation to another field —anemia. One of the difficulties encountered in the treatment of cancerpatients is the very severe anemiathat develops during the course of thedisease. In the past, treatment of anemia associated with a wide varietyof cancers was limited to blood transfusions. It has been shown that newblood formation is stimulated with theintroduction of certain agents. Theaction of these agents can be studiedand evaluated through the use oftracer isotopes.The last phase of cancer researchon radioactive isotopes is the study offailures. One such failure has led tothe conclusion that isotopes whoseenergy is exceedingly high are ineffective because, no matter wherethe chemical is deposited, the absorption of energy is far removed. Failures also pointed up the resistance of certain cancers to certain isotopes and the importance of selectivity not only in the use of isotopes butalso with the cancers being treated.Thus far, radioisotopes have beenfar more important in cancer researchthan in cancer therapy. Their potential in both fields is unlimited. EstherEverett Lape, in her book MedicalResearch: A Midcentury Survey, defines the function of radioisotopesthus: "As metabolic spies, radioactiveisotopes accompany groups of naturalatoms through long series of chemicaland biological adventures without,apparently, betraying their presenceto the body cells, yet reporting allalong the way to the investigator, thewhereabouts, size, and activities ofthe groups into which they becomeincorporated."The work on radioisotopes is exciting and holds the promise of becomingone of our strongest allies in the fightagainst cancer.'8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETwo Chicago alumni with a reputation as one ofHollywood's hottest writing teams have turned upwith a Broadway hit. The writers are NormanPanama, '36, and Melvin Frank, '34, and the show is"Li'l Abner," a musical comedy version of Al Capp'szany, satirical comic strip.The musical comedy opened November 15 at the St.James Theatre in New York, and has since earned itsshare of applause from New York audiences and criticsalike. Four of the top seven aisle-sitters went all out forthe musical; all had words of praise.The writers met as undergraduates, when they bothtook Napier Wilt's course in History of the AmericanTheatre. That was in 1931. (Wilt is now Dean of theHumanities Division.) They became friends, and startedwriting together during their senior year.Both feel they owe a great deal to the stimulation andencouragement of several professors at the University,foremost among them Napier Wilt, Thornton Wilder andTeddy Linn."We wrote two plays, 'Utopia, Incorporated,' and'Doctor's Degree'. Neither play was ever produced, although both were spectacularly rejected," recalls Frank."We could never understand it, since they were beautifully typed on a good grade of onion skin paper."After graduation, the friends drove out to Holywood inFrank's Ford Coupe. They spent the better part of ayear "getting our feet in the door." Finally, they got astart — in radio.It was a pretty impressive start. For several years theywrote radio comedy for such top-flight performers asBob Hope, Phil Baker and Rudy Vallee.But their sights were set on writing for the movies,and in 1942 they finally clicked, with a script for "MyFavorite Blonde." They sold it to Paramount and havebeen writing for pictures ever since.Later they served as producer-writers for "Mr. Bland-ing Builds His Dream House," and added directing aswell on "The Reformer and the Redhead," "StrictlyDishonorable" and "Callaway Went Thataway."More recently, they have been responsible for severalDanny Kaye movies.They were considered among Hollywood's top talentwhen they turned their interest to Broadway, and combined efforts with Michael Kidd as co-producers of "Li'lAbner." Kidd has reaped plaudits for his direction andchoreography in the musical, for which Panama andFrank also wrote the libretto. Song-writer Johnny Mercer did the lyrics, to music by Gene de Paul.The show has Peter Palmer in the title role with EdithAdams as Daisy Mae and Stubby Kaye as Marryin' Sam.The idea of a musical based on the United Featurescomic-strip is not a new one, but this is the first time AlCapp's characters have reached a Broadway stage.The combination of talents that made the hit show possible was in some part due to unusual financing. Frequently movie firms back Broadway shows in "pre-production" deals which give the firms a strong grip°n the film rights. Panama and Frank went to New YorkContinued on Page 23Werner Wolff— Black Star Photo'Wo happy fellows (above, right) are Melvin Frank (I.)una Norman Panama, as they gaze on record of their hit.JANUARY, 1957GodsandGameson. the Corinthian Isthmus¦What was this "enigma" which no archeologist hadever encountered? The excavators had to take apage out of Rube Goldberg to solve the riddle.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEgy Professor Oscar T. BroneerHead* University of ChicagoArchaeological Expedition in CorinthIt was in the fall of 1955 that wefirst came across "the enigma."Never in the history of archaeological excavations had anything beenfound which even remotely resembled this phenomenon.Following directions written by anancient traveller, Pausanias, wholived [in Greece] in the second century A.D., we were exploring a sitenear the eastern end of the CorinthCanal, looking for the temple of theboy-god, Palaimon.We found the temple, thanks toPausanias' excellent directions. Butwe also found an object that puzzledus so much that it soon earned thenickname "the enigma."It was not until months later, whenwe had dug further into this puzzlingstructure and I had access to the literature on ancient athletics that werealized we had come on a Greekversion of the starting gate now usedat modern racetracks. To strengthenour convictions, we constructed whatwe assumed was a duplicate of theoriginal device. It resembled a RubeGoldberg contraption, but it worked.This Greek model, probably inventedabout 400 B.C., was for foot racers.There was still more to our "enigma." When we had excavated further we discovered the remains of ahitherto unknown early stadium. Itclearly pre-dates one located severalhundred yards to the southeast whichhas long been accepted as the Isthmian Stadium.Since 1952 a University of Chicagoarchaeological expedition has madethree excavating trips to the Corinthian Isthmus, under the auspices ofthe American School of Classical Studies in Athens. Funds for our mostWith the help of local athletes, Dr.Broneer** (in pit), tries out his reconstruction of the starting gate. Horizontal bars called balbides were letdown at the start of the race. Thestarter, standing in the pit, manipulated the gates by means of cords thatran through the grooves and wereMd in place by the bronze staples. recent trip were provided by the Boll-ingen Foundation of New York.On the first trip in 1952 we discovered the lost temple of the Greekgod Poseidon, (Neptune), and in 1954we succeeded in uncovering its entirefoundation.Closely associated with the templewere the Isthmian games, a minorversion of the famed games at Olym-pia. Held every two years, they weresupposedly instituted by the ancientKing Sisyphos of Corinth in honorof a young hero named Palaimon.From descriptions of ancient writers, it was known that a templededicated to Palaimon also stood nearthe temple of Poseidon. One of ourobjectives in the 1955-56 expeditionwas to locate the site of this temple.While looking for this temple, wemade other discoveries, no less startling than the previous mentionedones. We came upon fragments of alarge marble holy water basin (perir-rhanterion) dating to the seventhcentury, B.C., near the temple of Poseidon.1.1 ow on display in the Museum ofAncient Corinth, the basin is considered one of the most important piecesof sculpture ever found in Greece.Its early date and elaborate and sophisticated style indicate that Greekart in the seventh century B.C. wasmuch more highly developed thanwas previously thought.We also uncovered a crypt, in theTemple of Palaimon, which we believe to have been the site for initiation rites of a mysterious religiouscult, barely hinted at in literature ofthe time. We hope to explore thisfurther, when we obtain more funds.Our discoveries have been the moreexciting since the same site had beenexamined and abandoned by two previous archaeological expeditions, oneFrench and one British.It was while searching for theTemple of Palaimon that we cameacross "the enigma."We dug a trench in the area indicated by Pausanias' text, but whatwe found was extremely puzzling. At a depth of six feet we came upona stone pavement, triangular in shapeand measuring more than thirty feetat the base. At the broad end of thetriangle there is a pit, three feet deepand nearly two feet in diameter. Fromthis pit eight grooves fan out towardthe base. At either end the groovesare bridged by bronze staples, set inlead, and at the ends farthest from thepit there are small vertical cuttingsthrough the pavement. To add to thepuzzlement, the whole triangle, withits grooves and cutting, had been deliberately covered over with a hardlayer of clay, which we had to removein order to expose the pavement.We first attacked the problem bymeasuring the length of the groove.The relative distance between thestaples in seme instances seemed significant. If the grooves be numberedone to eight, beginning with the longest, then groove four is three times aslong as groove seven. Thus groovesseven and eight have a ratio of 2:3.The lower ends of the grooves, at thebase of the triangle, are equidistant,forty-one-and-a-quarter inches fromstaple to staple; and the sum totalof these distances is the same as thelength of groove two.Such correspondences seemedmeaningful at the time, and a scoreof scholars who visited the site orsaw drawings of it offered ingenioussolutions to the puzzle.When the whole area was finallyexcavated in the spring of 1956 thetriangle discovered in the trial trenchproved to be half of a larger triangle,also provided with grooves that fanout from the pit in the opposite direction.As the work progressed it soon became apparent that the pavementformed part of a floor at the curvedend of a stadium. This accounted forthe clay covering, which was merelya surfacing of the racetrack, appliedafter the triangle with its groovesand cuttings had ceased to be of use.On the analogy of the starting gatesin a hippodrome described by thesame traveller, Pausanias, we constructed a somewhat elaborate devicefor starting runners on their course.JANUARY, 1957 11^An Early Greek MasterpieceThe marble basin found by Dr. Broneer's expedition is shown above, after reconstruction in theCorinth Museum, where it is now on display. Thismasterpiece of Greek art was carved about 650B.C., and is one of the earliest preserved examplesof marble sculpture from Greece. At left is a drawing of the basin, by Piet de Jong, as it appearedoriginally. The excavators still hope to find piecesof the lions to enable a complete reconstruction.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUpright posts inserted in the verticalcuttings at the base of the triangledivided the total width of the stadiuminto two parts, each with eight lanes0f equal width, and a wider unusedlane in the center. A hinged bar between two posts was held in place bya cord, one end of which was fastenedto a staple at the middle of the bar.From there it passed up to the end ofone of the posts, then underneath thestaples of the nearest groove to thepit. ,A man stationed in the pit could,by slackening the cords, lower thebars and thus open the gates, one ata time or all together, depending onthe type of race. The bars would fallof their own weight. We constructedwhat we assumed was a replica,called in a couple of athletes from thevillage and tried it out. It worked,so it had to be right.But how could we be certain thatthis was the only and correct solution? Turning to the literature onancient athletics I came upon a paragraph so accurately describing thedevice we had rigged up that itcould have been written by someonewho had seen it. The passage is preserved in an ancient annotation onthe text of Aristophanes. It gives thename of the starting gates as balbides,and shows beyond a doubt that ourinterpretation is correct. The mathematical approach, which we firsttried, was as unnecessary as it provedto be wrong.Comparatively little is known aboutthe Greek track games, although all ofthem, including the Olympics as wellas the Isthmian, were related to religious ceremonies. In addition to thescattered written references, archaeologists have used scenes on ancientvases and other art to supplement themeager knowledge we have of Greeksports.The starting gate probably was usedfor a sprint race of about 200 yards,a distance known as a "stadium." Inthe later stadium at Isthmia no suchstarting gate was used, and it apparently had proved too cumbersomeeven before the old stadium wasabandoned.The identification of the cuttingsin the pavement as a starting devicealso gave us the explanation for twolong walls of excellent Greek masonry some twenty-five feet to the northeast of the race course and parallel toJANUARY, 1957 it. These are retaining walls for anearth embankment on which thespectators sat or stood, watching thegames.We were wholly unprepared for thediscovery of a stadium at this place,so close to the temple and altar ofPoseidon as to interfere with themovements of the people at the celebrations.Undoubtedly this hitherto undiscovered stadium had been abandoned,since it was too close to the temple,and another built to replace it. Weconcluded that this later stadium,(which was discovered some timeago), was probably built in Romantimes. It is this building to whichSaint Paul refers in I, Corinthians,9, 24.J\ brief digression into the historical background of the area may helpthe reader to better understand oursearch and subsequent findings.According to mythology, when thegods of the pantheon apportioned theland among themselves, the Corinthian isthmus was given to Poseidon(Neptune), who was ruler of the seasand god of the hidden forces thatcause theaearjh to tremble. No partof Greece has been more frequentlyvisited by earthquakes than the Corinthian isthmus.Here, near the east end of thecanal, was a famous sanctuary dedicated to Poseidon. As the divinetamer of horses he presided over thehorse races and other athletic eventsat the Isthmian Games, held everyfirst and third spring of the four-yearOlympic period, or Olympiad.Other gods and heroes besides Poseidon received honors at Isthmia.The most important of these was theboy-god Palaimon, whose namemeans wrestler in Greek. Originallyhis name was Melikertes, "honey -gatherer." According to myth, Melikertes, while a young boy, wasdrowned when his mother Ino,daughter of Cadmus, leaped into theSaronic Gulf, holding the boy in herarms, to escape death at the hands ofher mad husband. Ino then became agoddess of the sea under the newname Leucothea, "White Goddess,"and Melikertes, now re-named Palaimon, was carried by a dolphin to theIsthmus.Sisyphus, then king of Corinth,found the boy's body on the shore, and in celebration of the funeral heinstituted the Isthmian Games.(The Athenians tell another storyto account for the founding of thesegames. Their own hero, Theseus, whobecame king of Athens, made a journey to the city from Troizen, and onthe road he encountered and slewmany robbers and monsters who hadmade travel unsafe. At the Isthmushe met with Sinis, "the Pine-bender,"whose peculiar skill consisted of tearing his victims in two by tying theirlimbs to two pine trees that he bentdown and then allowed to springapart. Theseus quickly mastered thesame art and used it to dispatch Sinis,and in commemoration of his victoryhe founded the Isthmian Games.)It was the site of these events thatwe picked, in 1952, for the first excavation on Greek soil by the University of Chicago.It was not without misgivings thatthe choice was made, because of thefailure of earlier expeditions.But we were fortunate from thevery beginning. In our first trialtrench, laid out in an area whichthe earlier excavators had tested anddeclared unprofitable, we discoveredthe long sought Temple of Poseidon,and this gave us a fixed point of departure for the exploration of thewhole region.In a subsequent campaign wecleared the foundation of the Temple.It proved to be a large building fromthe fifth century B.C., with an overallmeasurement of 183 by 82 feet.This building was the successor ofan archaic temple which had occupied the site for nearly two hundredyears and was destroyed by fire about475 B.C. The builders of the secondtemple used the debris from the fireas filling - beneath the floor anddumped the rest into a nearby ravine.Here we came upon the wall blocks,crumbled plaster, and terra cotta rooftiles of the seventh century temple,and mixed with this rubble we foundmany objects which the faithful hadbrought as gifts to the god. Amongthese are 140 silver coins, bronze figurines, trinkets of gold and silver,carved gems, and pottery.The bull was sacred to Poseidon,because it symbolizes the untamedforces of nature over which the godpresided. Among the votive gifts fromthe temple were two small bulls ofbronze, and a miniature gold bull of13exquisite workmanship. The fire thatdestroyed the temple was so intensethat many of the metal objects hadbeen melted into shapeless lumps.In the third campaign, begun in thefall of 1955, we had two major objectives. The first was to explore thearea around the Temple of Poseidon,including the ancient dump; the second was to find the Temple of Meli-kertes-Palaimon. At the same timewe pursued our survey of a largerarea surounding the sacred precinct.During the almost two centuriesthat the archaic temple was in use,the worshippers brought their thank-offerings to the god. When there wasno more room in the temple the lessvaluable and more perishable giftswere removed, but objects of stoneand metal continued to accumulate.When the building caught fire the interior was crammed with helmets,spears, shields and other weapons.The ceiling and roof beams, whichwere all of wood, fed the flames -tosuch intense heat that the metal directly exposed to the fire was melted.When the heavy roof tiles crasheddown many of the objects that theflames had spared were damaged beyond recognition. We counted fragments of more than a hundred bronzehelmets and vast quantities of weapons and other metal gear.While metal objects will bend andmelt and corrode, vases and figurinesof baked clay are far more durable.They break readily enough, but thefragments do not deteriorate frombeing buried in earth or immersed inwater. If most of the pieces are recovered an expert mender can restorea vase to very nearly its originalcondition. This is fortunate, for pottery is usually found in large quantities at every classical site" in Greece.Among the rubble from the fire wefound fragments of two vases of aclass known as Panathenaic amphoras.They are large two-handled jars,which were filled with olive oil andgiven as prizes to victors in the Panathenaic games in Athens. These vessels always carry on one side a figureof the armed Athena, flanked bycocks standing on columns. An inscription in painted letters runs alongone * of the columns, stating thatthis is one of the prizes from Athens.Scenes from the games usually decorate the rear of the vase. On the better preserved of the two amphoras from the temple dump we see fourbearded runners and a large basketin the rear panel.Why were these prize amphorasfrom Athens found in a Temple of theIsthmian Poseidon, which belongedto the Corinthians? The reply to ourquestion comes from an inscriptionincised after the vase had been fired,written in Corinthian letters of thelate sixth century B.C. It reads:"Damon dedicated it." This Corinthian athlete had won a victory atAthens and had brought his trophywith him home as a gift to his localgod.M. he most valuable of the treasuresfrom the temple dump as I mentionedbefore, is a sculptured holy waterbasin which had stood at the entranceto the archaic temple. The basin itself, carved in marble, measured overfour feet in diameter and about onefoot in depth at the center. It issupported on a sculptured stand ofunusual form. Four female figuresstand ''stiffly erect in a circle, and ontheir heads they carry a marble basering upon which the basin rests. Between each pair of human figures thereis a ram's head. Each of the girlsstands on the back of a crouchinglion, and holds its tail in one handand a leash in the other. The piecesfrom our excavations were sufficientto restore the group with the exception of the lions. Fragments of twoheads of these animals were foundbut not their bodies.This ornate group, carved about650 B.C., is one of the earliest examples of marble sculpture fromGreece. The virtuosity of the sculptoris astonishing for this early period.From a single piece of marble hecarved the four slender figures, thebase ring at the top with its ram'sheads, and the four lions, which weredoubtless attached to a plinth at thebottom. The basin, varying in thickness from three-quarters of an inchnear the rim to one -and -a -half inchesat the center, was carved out of aseparate piece of marble and fastenedwith two tenons to the ring at thetop of the girl's heads.It was also on our third expeditionthat we came upon the ruins of theTemple of Palaimon.Our ancient guide, Pausanias, informs us that this building was pro vided with a crypt, into which menwould descend to take oaths in thename of the god. Dire punishmentawaited those who perjured themselves.We were able to clear only theeast end of the foundation, and herewe found the descent into a passagebeneath the floor of the temple whichanswers perfectly the Pausanias description of the crypt. The rest of thebuilding extends under the gardenand barns of a private house, andwe lacked funds to acquire the property for excavation.The location of the temple agreeswith the explicit directions whichPausanias gave us. We also knowthat Palaimon was worshipped withnight ceremonies, which would haverequired artificial lighting. Here wefound, in the area surrounding thetemple, large numbers of clay lamps,some of them small portable vesselswith a handle on the side, others largebowls without handles and with thewick in the center. The second typedoes not occur elsewhere in Greece,and is doubtless a cult vessel peculiarto the worship of Palaimon. In a pitin front of the temple we found overfifty of these vessels and quantities ofother vases mixed with a deep layerof ash and animal bones. Somewherein this vicinity we expect to discoverthe altar of the god.The temple foundation, and thelamps and other objects found withit, are not earlier than the first century of the Christian era. But thecult was very ancient. Not far away,probably under the house and gardenthat impeded our progress in that direction, I believe will be found whatis left of the early cult place.The exploration of this monumentis likely to give us much new information about one aspect of Greek religion on which ancient writers arealmost silent. Religious awe keptthem from revealing the sacred ritesand ceremonies connected with initiation into the mystery religions.Only archaeology can help penetratethe well-kept silence.From the objects used in theserites and the nature of the buildingsin which they were performed wemay be able to learn something aboutthe outer manifestations, if not theinner meaning of the worship ofPalaimon, and of other gods in themystery cults of the Greeks.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIn A Modern Greek Garden,The Crypt of An Ancient CultThe author, (right), studies an inscribedstatue base in the Palaimonion. The basehad supported statue of prophet Blastos.Temple of Palaimon is shown below. Thetemple, which housed the mystery religionof Palaimon, was constructed in area previously occupied by the early stadium.Foundation, with entrance to the crypt,is visible at the edge of a private garden, which still covers most of building.A bronze bull from about 500 B.C.The bull was a sacred animal in theworship of Greek boy-god, Palaimon.JANUARY. 1957I'IAn informal anniversary of the William Vaughn/% Moody Lectures was observed Friday evening,-*- November 30, when Ruth Draper, dramatic actress, appeared in Mandel Hall.Miss Draper's presentation of six character sketcheswas the 200th in the Moody series since it was established in 1916 in honor of the University of ChicagoAssistant Professor of0English who was, in the first decade of the century, a widely known poet and dramatist.A Harvard graduate and classmate of the late RobertMorss Lovett, also of the University faculty, he was acontemporary on the Midway of Robert Herriek, JohnMatthews Manly, and James Weber Linn, among othersin the Department of English. He and Manly wereespecially close friends, as were Ferdinand Schevill,historian, and Lovett, with whom he wrote a high schooltext, History of English Literature, that tens of thousands of high school students knew for several decadesas "Moody and Lovett."His admirers and friends among poets and writersincluded, in Chicago, Harriet Monroe, Hamlin Garland,and Henry B. Fuller, and when he died at the early ageof 41 in 1910, his pallbearers included Percy Mackayeand Edward Arlington Robinson.Moody came to the University in 1895, and becamean assistant professor in 1901, but in that year he andLovett wrote their History of English Literature, whichshortly thereafter produced a sufficient income for himto become independent of teaching. President WilliamRainey Harper made him a standing offer for a singlequarter at a professor's salary, and Manly annually arranged courses for him, which were announced andregularly withdrawn. In 1908 he resigned from thefaculty.Two of his plays were professionally produced, "TheGreat Divide," originally titled "The Sabine Woman,"and "The Faith Healer." The former was hailed at thetime of its production in 1907 as "the great Americandrama," but "The Faith Healer" was not as successful.Moody also wrote two plays in verse, "The Masque ofJudgment," and "The Fire Bringers," a third in thetrilogy being unfinished at the time of his death.His increasing interest was in poetry, and many of hispoems were widely known, though, as Lovett noted ina recollection published in 1931, his reputation and recognition suffered from the "Imagist" revolt which developed shortly after his death, although he anticipatedthis group in some of their objectives. Among his poemswhich still are included in many anthologies are "AnOde in Time of Hesitation," "The Daguerrotype," and"The Death of Eve."Among the many noted persons who have appearedunder the sponsorship of the Moody Lectures have beenRobert Frost, John Dos Passos, Ralph Vaughn-Williams,David Daiches, and Anthony Blunt.Robert Sbarge PhotoThe versatile Ruth Draper (left) as she appeared infour of the sketches she gave in Mandel Hall recently.Top I., she portrays a Scotch immigrant; top r., a societylady in "The Italian Lesson"; lower I., she dresses simplyto play several characters at an English house party;lower r., the proper expression in a Boston art gallery.JANUARY, 1957 NEWS OF THEQUADRANGLESAN INFORMAL REPORTGreen Heads Alumni FoundationHoward E. Green, president of theGreat Lakes Mortgage Corporation,has been elected chairman of theAlumni Foundation.Green is one of seven members appointed by Chancellor Kimpton to theboard of the University of ChicagoAlumni Foundation. The Foundationis the fund-raising arm of the Alumniassociation.A 1925 graduate of the University,Green is a former head of the Chicago Mortgage Bankers Associationand of the Winnetka Zoning Commission. He lives at 387 Sunset road,Winnetka.Other new board members are:Arthur R. Cahill, River Forest;Thomas H. Coulter, Golf; Budd Gore,Winnetka; Harold W. Lewis, and El-wood G. Ratcliff, both of River Forest, and Howard L. Willett, Jr.,Chicago.Hauser Sociology HeadPhilip M. Hauser, Professor of Sociology and population authority hasbeen named Chairman of the Department of Sociology.Hauser also serves as director ofthe University's Population ResearchTraining Center and of its ChicagoCommunity Inventory. He has beena professor of sociology since 1947.A former acting director of theUnited States Census Bureau, Hauserwas assistant director of the BureauHoward E. Green from 1942 to 1947. He has been anassistant to the Secretary of Commerce and director of the office ofprogram planning of the Departmentof Commerce.During the war, Hauser was an expert consultant to the Secretary ofWar, chairman of the manpowerpanel of the Defense Department'sresearch and development board, anda member of the advisory council ofthe Human Resources Research Institute of the Air Force."He has served as United Statesrepresentative on the population commission of the Economic and SocialCouncil of the United Nations, as consultant on the research and development board of the National MilitaryEstablishment, and as statistical advisor to the government of the Unionof Burma.The holder of three degrees fromthe University of Chicago, Hauserreceived his bachelor's degree in1929, his master's in 1933, and hisdoctorate in 1938. He was first appointed to the faculty in 1932 as aninstructor in sociology.Among Hauser's writings are Government Statistics for Business Usewith H. R. Leonard, Workers on Relief, Movies, Delinquency and Crimewith Herbert Blumer, and the LocalCommunity Fact Book for Chicagowith Evelyn Kitagawa, as well asnumerous articles in sociological, statistical, and business journals.Elected to the International Statistical Institute, Hauser is a fellow inPhilip M. Hauser the American Statistics Association,and the American Association for theAdvancement of Science, and a member of Phi Beta Kappa.Hauser lives with his wife andchildren, William and Martha, at 5729South Kimbark avenue.Award to ComposerLeland C. Smith, Instructor in theDepartment of Music, has beengranted a $1,000 award by the Williamand Noma Copley Foundation forachievements in the field of music.A member of the faculty since 1952,Smith has composed a symphony andnumerous works for small instrumental groups which have been performed in Chicago and on the WestCoast. His opera, "Santa Claus,"from a play by e. e. cummings, wasperformed last year by students atthe University.Smith, a graduate of the Universityof California, studied at the ParisConservatory. He has been on themusic faculty of Mills College andactive in the International Society forContemporary Music.He lives with his wife and childrenat 5535 University avenue.Iron Mask Honors StrozierDean Robert M. Strozier was honored for his ten years of service asDean of Students by Iron Mask, undergraduate men's honorary society.Strozier was guest of honor at adinner held by the society, at whichhe received a gold cup. The inscription on the cup, composed by DonMcClintock, president of Iron Mask,reads: "For serving with distinctionwhere to have survived is an honor."Iron Mask is celebrating its sixtieth anniversary this year. It wasfounded as a secret society in CobbHall on June 12, 1896, as the men'shonor society.Army Cites HutchinsonWilliam T. Hutchinson, Preston andSterling Morton Professor of American History, was recently presentedwith a Certificate of Appreciation bythe Army. The presentation, madeby Lt. General William H. Arnold,commanding general of the FifthArmy, was in recognition of Hutchinson's ten years of service on theSecretary of the Army's Historical18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAdvisory Committee. The committee has assisted the Army's historicalprogram, particularly in writing thehistory of World War II.The presentation was made at thehome of Chancellor and Mrs. Kimpton, and a reception followed.Crown I-F QueenDeborah Goleman, freshman fromStockton, California, was selectedqueen of the 1956 Interfraternity Ballat the Hotel Del Prado November 17.She was the candidate of Zeta BetaTau.Other finalists included MadelaineGregg, Alpha Delta Phi; Judy Bowly,Beta Theta Pi; Carolyn Kiblinger,Delta Upsilon; Sandra Ford, KappaAlpha Psi; Judy Bishop, Phi DeltaTheta; Lettie McSpadden, Phi Gamma Delta; Dorothea Cay ton, PhiKappa Psi; Barbara Bernell, PhiSigma Delta; and Joy Bradford, PsiUpsilon.A.J.C. Honors HutchinsRobert M. Hutchins, former Chancellor and now president of the Fundfor the Republic, was honored bythe Chicago women's division of theAmerican Jewish Congress at itstwentieth annual Hanukkah breakfast on December 3. He was citedfor his "contributions to the furtherance of the constitutional principlesof freedom and equality."Housing for Interns, ResidentsTwo more steps have been takenby the University to meet its rapidlyexpanding needs for housing, in thisinstance for special requirements ofits medical and biological researchcenter in the University Clinics.Three buildings owned by the University, and occupied by Universitydoctors, faculty, and administrativeemployees, will be razed in 1957 toprovide a site for a $1,100,000 apartment building of 79 units to housemarried residents and interns of theUniversity Clinics.Tenants in the buildings at 5713-15Drexel avenue, six apartments; 5719-21 Drexel, six apartments; and 5725Drexel, three apartments, will bevacated by February 1. An apartment building adjoining to the northalready has been razed. Residentsand interns are advanced students inmedicine, in the process of graduate l-F Queen Debbie Golemantraining, and as are graduate students generally, are married.The University also has announcedthe purchase of a 30-unit apartmentbuilding at 804-12 East 58th street.The purchase was made on behalf ofthe University by Parker Holsmanand Co., with Orner and Shayne representing undisclosed owners.Each of the apartments, 2% roomsin size, will be used to house twonurses from the Clinics. All but oneof the current leases run to May 1.Because of the shortage of residencesfor the nurses, the University is offering a bonus of a quarter of a month'srent for each month prior to May 1the present tenants yield their apartments. University and communityorganization facilities are being provided to find other living quartersfor those moving from the building.Scholarships forHungarian StudentsTen full-tuition scholarships will beavailable to qualified Hungarian students, beginning with the opening ofthe winter quarter January 3, Chancellor Kimpton has announced.The announcement followed President Eisenhower's directive for admission to the United States of politicalrefugees from Hungary.Students who have left their university work in Hungary may con tinue it as students at the University,and the University will assist them infinding employment for their subsistence.A similar plan has been carried outfor students from Czechoslovakiasince the coup d'etat in that countryin 1947.Outlines Athletic ProgramA program to strengthen athleticschedules at the University, was revealed by Walter Hass, Athletic Director, at a loop luncheon meeting ofChicago area alumni on December 5.Maintaining that "the integrity ofthe coaching staff can be no higherthan that of the rest of the University," he outlined a four point program for athletics in keeping with the"ideals and purposes of the University."Hass' program will control all expansion of athletic activities by assuring: 1) that all students enter underthe same admission standards; 2) thatall scholarships are handled throughthe same committee, with athleticprowess receiving no more consideration than other background in activities; 3) that all proceeds of athletic events are turned over to thecentral University financial administration; and 4) that all athletesprogress toward graduation with therest of their prospective class.Tribute to Field"New World," the University'sweekly program on NBC radio, paidtribute to the late philanthropist,Marshall Field, on November 25.Field, an honorary trustee, died inNew York November 8. He was appointed a trustee in 1937 and reachedhonorary status in 1952.Field, the grandson of the famousmerchant Marshall Field I, was president of Field Enterprises, and publisher of the Chicago Sun-Times.Field also earned a distinguishedreputation, in the field of welfare andphilanthropy. In 1955 the Universityconferred on him its most distinguished award, the RosenbergerMedal, for his excellent work in childwelfare and improvement of race relations.His son, Marshall Field, .Jr., is amember of the Board of Trustees andis editor and publisher of the Sun-Times.JANUARY, 1957 19Anton J. Carlson1875-1956The origin of the nickname Ajaxis buried in the mists of time, butit was apt, for this was a man ofHomeric stature in the world ofscience and the life of this University.Those of us who admired and lovedhim find it difficult to put theseHomeric proportions into words thatwould not have given him offense.Although he was one of the most eloquent men I have ever known, it wasthe eloquence of simplicity, becomingwhen he was strongly moved — and heoften was — abruptly blunt. He hasbeen quoted for half a century onthese quadrangles, but his memorablesayings were repeated for their truth,not their ornateness.A. J. Carlson served this University with enormous distinction forfifty-two years. For me, as a relative newcomer, he was one of the greatlinks with our inspiring past, whocould talk of the days of Harper asif they had never gone. And yet henever for an instant became a venerated symbol of past glory, his orthe University's. If he had been inclined toward poetry, he could havesaid with another Homeric hero:"How dull it is to pause, to make anend, To rust unburnish'd, not to shinein use!" For his activity never ceased,there was no wavering of his magnificent courage and integrity, and hiscuriosity about the world and man ifanything increased with age and illness. As no man I have ever known,he is a symbol to us, but a livingsymbol of our past, our present, and,I trust, our future.Dr. Carlson loved this University, and for three generations he represented the best that was in it. Hewas a great scientist, and all the honors of the profession came to him.And science was more than a profession for him; it was his way of life.The question he made famous — "Vatiss de effidence?" — he applied to hisevery thought and act, and he madeothers apply this yardstick if theychose to engage him in debate. And,at the same time, he was a greatteacher. There was no undergraduateor graduate who moved into his orbit— and thousands did — who was notprofoundly influenced. But with allhis stature as a scientist, and hisgreat gifts as a teacher, it is for hischaracter that we of this Universityadmire him most. He despised fraudand he exposed it upon every occa-20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEon. His ability led him to the truth,id his courage led him on to fightr it, and he was called Ajax. With1 his toughness he was kind andoughtful and infinitely tolerant ofiman frailty. His standards of qual-j were unbelievably high, and heked nothing of others that he did>t demand of himself. He was onethe noblest of that great companybo built the University of Chicago,Ld we honor him most if we recallLd apply those ideals and aspira->ns he held for his University.Lawrence A. Kimpton,Chancellorn the death of Dr. Carlson theworld has lost a vigorous voice foriman freedom, science has lost a}logist of great critical judgmentd intuition and the United States asat citizen. He frequently spoke ofnself as an American by choicether than the accident of birth. Hets always grateful to America andthe University of Chicago becausesy gave him an opportunity to worksomething that he thought was>rthwhile.Biological science was the field of hisdn endeavor and here he displayedi qualities of a resourceful, imagi-tive and undefatigable investigator.s first work on the comparativeysiology of the cardiac nerves and; nature of the heart beat broughtn international recognition. These4y studies on the Limulus and hiser work on the nerve impulse inuls demonstrated his inventive canty to make use of many forms ofi for the solution of his problem.ter studies on the functions of the;estive tract, the visceral sensory^vous system and the endocrinends reflect his growing interest indical problems. Many of thesere done in a fruitful collaboration;h his most distinguished student1 colleague, Dr. A. B. Luckhardt.s two formed a team often spokenas the American counterpart oft of the English physiologists Bay-and Starling."he biological insight that Carlson[uired from his years of investiga-i of these fundamental questionstbled him to discuss clinical prob-is with great authority and effect.'< gift for keen analysis, his readyand pungent criticism so often displayed at scientific meetings, gavehim an acknowledged place of leadership in biological and medical societies. It is probable that no man inAmerica not engaged in clinical practice had so great an effect on medicine.In 1946 The American Medical Association voted him its highest honor,the Distinguished Service Award. Hewas a member of the National Academy of Sciences, The AmericanPhilosophical Society and served asPresident of the American Associationfor the Advancement of Science, TheAmerican Physiological Society, TheInstitute of Medicine of Chicago, aswell as of many ether organizations.Medical men and biological scientistsall over the United States have acknowledged their great indebtedness tohis dynamic teaching, his integrity andhis colorful personality. These qualities attracted to him a large numberof able students who in turn becameteachers in other medical schools. Theprofound influence of a great teacheris no where better illustrated than inthe life and career of Dr. Carlson.The trained intuition or biologicalinsight that made for his success asa medical investigator also enabledDr. Carlson to survey with clear eyesthe social and political problems of theday. Whenever and wherever humanfreedom was threatened by legislativeaction or prejudice Carlson was always in the forefront as the courageous, clear thinking, vigorousspeaking champion of those whoserights were threatened. When Mussolini invited the International Physiological Society to meet in Rome,Dr. Carlson alone objected. He calledattention to the Fascist law which required that all university professorsin Italy must swear on oath of personal allegiance to Mussolini. Heprophesied that rivers of blood wouldbe shed before the Italian people regained their liberty.This passion for individual freedomfound expression also in his work asPresident of the Association of University Professors and as a memberof the American Civil LibertiesUnion. When he perceived that medical research was hampered and inmany places checked by the anti-vivisection movement he founded andorganized the National Society forMedical Research to protect medicaland biological research against thisform of fanaticism. His experience in the first WorldWar when he served as a lieutenantcolonel in the Food Division of theArmy impressed him with the enormous futility and tragedy of war.After the fighting ceased he supervised the field work of the HooverCommission in feeding the starvingchildren of Jugoslavia, Austria, Poland and the Baltic countries. He wasfilled with a vast compassion for theplight of helpless children in a disrupted society. When he returned toChicago he devoted time and effort inhelping to secure free lunches forpoor children in the public schools.This interest in children also prompted him to take an active part in theNational Society for the Study of Infantile Paralysis. He was very pleasedthat he lived to see the developmentof an effective means for the prevention of this disease. It was also asatisfaction to him that the use ofanimals in the preparation of thepoliomyelitis vaccine was made possible by the work of the society hefounded.Dr. Carlson came to the UnitedStates from Sweden as a poor immigrant boy sixteen years of age. Before leaving home his character hadbeen largely molded by a wise andaffectionate mother and a manualtraining teacher in the public schoolswho must have had unusual qualities.From these young Carlson acquireda love of industry, thrift, honesty andan ambition to do something worthwhile in the world. He came first toChicago and secured employment asa carpenter in Englewood on Chicago's south side. Here he came in contact with a Swedish Lutheran ministerwho recognized Carlson's unusualqualities and advised him to pursuehis education at the Augustana Academy and College in Rock Island. Anintensely serious student, Carlsoncompleted the required work in muchless than the usual time and securedhis Bachelor's degree in 1897 and hisMaster's degree in Philosophy in 1898.During his early years at Augustana he had some notion of becominga minister in the Swedish LutheranChurch but after much anxiousthought abandoned this for a careerin science. He rejected philosophy andchose physiology because he believedthat the latter subject pemitted experimental verification. Throughouthis life he championed the scientificNUARY, 1957 21method of controlled observation andexperimentation and urged its extension into other fields. He insisted thatno adequate judgment could be madeexcept on the basis of all the factsand always asked for the evidence.He was impatient with those whocalled for a moratorium on scientificresearch because this had made possible the development of terribleweapons of destruction. He was confident that a better understanding ofman and nature through the con*scientious employment of the meth-'ods of science would lead to a wisercontrol of man himself. In his closingyears he devoted much thought to thesocial responsibilities of scientists andurged that these receive more serious"Ajax" relaxes at this ElkLake home with a friend. attention. The American HumanistAssociation elected him Humanist ofthe Year in recognition of these efforts.The softer side of Dr. Carlson'snature was best displayed at the summer colony on Elk Lake near RapidCity, Michigan of which he was afounder member. Here he cast off theburdens of the day and relaxed inthe company of his family and friends.He enjoyed fishing and his solitaryfigure in a duck boat silhouettedagainst the evening sky forms a picture that his friends will long remember. He loved to gather around thecamp fire with his children and singold Swedish songs. His wife, EstherSjogren Carlson, is his sweetheart of college days at Augustana. Much ofwhat he accomplished in life wasmade possible by her work at hisside caring for the home and theeducation of the children. The olderson, Robert, is in business in California and the younger, Alvin, is asurgeon in Dayton, Ohio. The daughter, Alice, is the wife of ProfessorHough of the University of Illinois.Scientist, philosopher, teacher andhumanist, Anton J. Carlson made agreat contribution to his adoptedcountry, his university, his fellowscientists and to the medical profession. However, the man was greaterthan any of his achievements; hispersonality was in itself his greatestachievement.Lester R. Dragstedt, M.D,22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE(Continued from Page 9)with their own — more exactly, Para-mount's — money, prepared to workfull time on the show and avoid theusual routine of finding and satisfying "angels" who back most suchproductions.While still in Hollywood, the teamformed their own producing organization, Independent Pictures Co., andbecame interested in Broadwaymusicals as film fare."We put in a bid for the movierights to 'Guys and Dolls,' " Panamasaid. "Went as high as $750,000. Wedidn't win, but it set us to thinking."They had thought of doing theirown Broadway show once before,about ten years ago, and had actuallytried out a summer stock comedywith New York in mind, but the shownever reached the big town. Whilethey were at work on "Li'l Abner"Panama announced their formula forBroadway success:"We're writers. We've had somesuccess. We think we know what thepublic will buy. Why should we paya fabulous sum for someone else'screation just for the movie rightswhen — we think — we're capable ofdoing the whole thing from scratch?Why not get all the gravy?"More than one reviewer has suggested that Panama and Frank may beinterested in more than "the gravy"and more than the light froth of themusical show. This was also evidentin their film work. They announcedserious writing intentions with "TheAffair." As writers they had turnedto producing in order to make surethat their work actually reached thescreen. They added directing whendirectors they wanted for a film werenot available at the time. After thisseries of experiences in doing thingsfor themselves the turn to their ownBroadway musical was not a majorchange."As the oldest collaboration teamn Hollywood (Broadway too, weSuess), we work under many andvaried circumstances," Panama saidn a recent interview. "'Li'l Abner'vas written at home; ParamountStudios in Hollywood, California; 38S. 75th Street, New York City; at theVillard Hotel, Washington; the Ritzfotel in Boston; the Warrick Hotela Philadelphia; and on several as-orted trains and planes."When asked if temperamental dif-culties ever arise while they worked together he replied, "We always fight,but we don't keep score."Both are married, (home is LosAngeles.) Panama has two children,Steven, 13, and Kathleen, 8. Thereare three children the Frank household, Elizabeth, 11, Andrew, 10, andJames, 7.rV><omedy though it is, the two writers have approached ' Li'l Abner"with seriousness. They began castinglast spring, started rehearsals beforethe other new shows, (on July 30th),and were among the later shows toopen for the current season. Duringthe interval the musical had playedtry outs on the road.Of the show Panama said, "I'd liketo make clear it isn't just a hill-billymusical any more than Capp's creation is just a hill-billy comic strip.It is a show with a satiric commenton our times and on human naturegenerally. It we can't get that ideaacross, as Capp does in his strip, thenwe will have failed."Several weeks after the show openedit gave no signs of being a failure.John Chapman of The News reported:"Wonderful — simply wonderful," andranked the musical with "Guys andDolls." Daily Variety praised its"freshness, speed, color and individuality. It's not just another musicalcomedy, but unlike anything Broadway has ever seen."What, as the actors say, what didBrooks Atkinson say? The New YorkTimes critic was hot and cold in hisreport. He was entranced by thechoreography and suggested that theballet "is a more suitable theatri-calization than the complex form ofthe musical stage. Motion is a bettermedium than words for animating thissort of drawing." Kidd's ballet, Atkinson wrote, recaptured Capp's "excitement, speed, fierce concentrationon the event of the moment, naivete,animal gusto."Of the libretto the Times critic wasless enthusiastic, considering the plotto be "laboriously assembled" with"heavy-handed satire of the UnitedStates atom policy and the voraciousgreed of big business." He is particularly put out when Li'l Abner invadesthe offices of some industrial executives and crashes a society party in amansion. Says Atkinson: "A theatregoer is likely to ask himself: What'sall this got to do with Dogpatch?" Aquestion no constant reader of the comic strip need ask, for Al Cappregularly troops his charactersthrough the offices, mansions and alleys of urban America. Thus Atkinson's criticism seems more directedtoward Capp than toward the writersof the musical when he writes: "Theexistence of Dogpatch is satireenough. Against the malevolent worldthat the rest of us inhabit, the kindness and goodwill of the Dogpatchfolks is refreshing and reproving . . .the innate decency of Dogpatch issound enough to satirize the rest ofthe world."But, as were the other critics, Atkinson was strong in praise of theactors ("Peter Palmer is the perfectLi'l Abner . . . Edith Adams makes awonderful Daisy Mae . . . CharlotteRae ... Joe E. Marks . . . Ted Thurston . . . Howard St. John . . . comestraight out of the funny papers.")And he adds high praise for the scoreand the lyrics, some of which are onthe juke-box and disc-jockey circuitas this is written: "Jubilation T.Cornpone," "If I Had My Druthers,""The Country's in the Very Best ofHands," "Namely You," and "I'mPast My Prime."Whether the show itself had reachedits prime remained to be seen. WherePanama and Frank had been mostfaithful to the satiric element of AlCapp's cartoon story they had beenless than successful. Run-of-playchanges in the script might give "Li'lAbner" an even greater appeal, orthe public might not agree with Atkinson's criticisms. Long-run hit ornot the show would seen to be a creditto Panama and Frank in their firstBroadway venture. It remains to beseen whether it can measure up toany of the top ten current shows.The Broadway competition this season is keener than it has been formany years; there are no undisputedhits standing head and shouldersabove the usual mediocrities. As "Li'lAbner" went into its fourth week atthe St. James it would not only compete with the shows listed above butwith the new shows of the season.Whatever the length of its run,Panama and Frank plan to bring "Li'lAbner" to the screen, and will make itat Paramount Studios within twoyears after the close of the New Yorkrun. The same creative group whichcollaborated on the play will makethe film.ANUARY, 1957 23INTRODUCINGTHECABINETOF THEALUMNIASSOCIATION Margaret Fisher Johnson '25 (Mrs. EarlW.), retired in 1945 after 20 years of welfare work. She has an outstanding recordin civic activities, and won an alumni citation in 1950. Alumni in the family includeher husband, sister Anna, brother Robert, and brother-in-law, Arnold Johnson.Harold J. Gordon, PhB '17, is vice-president of Halsey Stuart and Co. Gordon isa past president of the Alumni Foundation and Alumni Association. SistersEdith and Mildred, and children Etheland Harold are alumni of the University.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEKeith I. Parsons, PhB '33, JD '37, isa partner in the law firm of Milliken,Vollers, and Parsons. He is a memberof Phi Beta Kappa, Psi Upsilon, andhas served as president of the AlumniAssociation. His wife, Lorraine WatsonParsons, '34, AM '38, and brotherRussell, '40, JD '52, are also alumni. Lester R. Dragstedt, SB '15, SM '16, PhD'20, MD '21, Chairman of the Departmentof Surgery and Thomas D. Jones Distinguished Service Professor of Surgery. Winner of many awards, he is president of theNational Society for Medical Research.Two sons, and two daughters are alumni.Stanley E. Gwynn, '49, is Assistant Director for Readers' Service at Harper Library.He has had several articles published inprofessional library publications. A brother-in-law and two cousins are alumni. Ethel Kawin, PhB, '11, AM '25, is a childpsychologist who specializes in child development and guidance. Director of theParent Education Project, which operatesfrom the University on a national scale,she has taught here, is also an author.JANUARY, 1957 25The College Division of theAlumni Association- 1956-57The College Division of the Alumni Association is thelargest of the eleven divisions which comprise the association. It is composed of all dues -paying members whoare graduates of the College. Two members from each class in the past thirty-five years represent their class inthe Senate. Each serves for a two-year term. Followingis a list of the 1956-57 class representatives. There arealso twenty-eight delegates-at-large.Class Year1921 Katherine Sisson JensenMargaret Seymour Bay1922 Allen D. Holloway, Erickson, Eckersall, Nygren & Hollow ay, lawyersKarl F. Seyfarth, Seyfarth & Atwood, lawyers1923 Harry R. Adler, lawyerJohn M. Wenner, Manager, Daniel F. Rice, stock & grainbrokerage1924 Helen C. Wells, Women's Editor, Chicago Sun TimesNewton E. Turney, President, Naylor Pipe Co.1925 Walker B. Davis, attorney, secretary, director, ChicagoBridge & Iron Co.Virginia Odell Compere1926 M. Lester Reinwald, Ringer, Reinwald & Sostren, lawyersVacancy1927 Milton H. Kreines, printing brokerJames J. Cusack, Jr., Cusack & Cusack, lawyers1928 Carol Hess SaphirPaul O. Lewis, life underwriter \1929 Marion Robb RobertsAnnette Allen Fleming1930 Dr. Robert B. Lewy, physician and surgeonHarold E. Haydon, Associate Professor of Art, U. of C.1931 Robert M. Cunningham, Jr., Editorial Director, ModernHospital Publishing Co.Mary Kuhns Plant1932 Samuel J. Horwitz, lawyerRandall V. Ratcliff, sales representative1933 Genevieve Beaty RobertsRobert B. Shapiro, director, Associated Business Consultants1934 Vincent E. Newman, vice president, Allan Blair & Co.,investment bankingRobert Zolla, owner, Davis & Kreeger, decorators1935 Clifford G. Massoth, director, public relations, IllinoisCentral R. R.John R. Womer, vice president, Great Lakes MortgageCo.1936 Irwin J. Askow, Askow & Stevens, lawyersRobert D. Beaird II, senior sales engineer, x-ray department, General Electric Co.1937 Charles F. Axelson, Jr., controller, U. S. Gypsum Co.Richard J. Smith, general manager, Smith Chevrolet Co.1938 Bruce A. Young, Jr., American Publications Inc.H. S. Greenwald, president, Herbert Realty Construction Co.1939 Emmett Dedmon, Chicago Sun TimesArthur J. Clauter, Jr., sales statistician, William WrigleyJr. Co.1940 Katherine Bethke DoakThomas D. Ahern, lawyer1941 Elizabeth McElvain JarzMary Hammel Davis1942 Morton S. Postelnek, partner, Richlite Mfg. Co.Courtney D. Shanken, owner, Germ Proof Diaper Service1943 Helen Tyler ParisiRichard B. Philbrick, Chicago Tribune1944 Elizabeth Headland OostenbrugVacancy1945 Dorothy Granquist PetersenCharles P. Schwartz, Jr., lawyer 1946 Annette Sherman McDermutNicholas J. Melas, administrative assistant to the Sheriffof Cook County1947 John H. Kornblith, president, Samuel Spitz & SonsRex J. Bates, security analyst, Stein, Roe & Farnham1948 C. Harker Rhodes, Jr., Sorenson, Berkson, Lautmann,Levinson & Morse, lawyersWilliam S. Gray III, security analyst, Harris Trust &Savings Bank1949 Joseph P. Brett, Equitable Life InsuranceVacancy1950 Richard S. Brody, lawyerMarjory Fullmer, fashion co-ordinator, Mandel Bros.1951 Dolores Miller CizekMatthew A. Dillon, Jr., Prudential Insurance Co.1952 George B. StoneMolly Felker Lunsford1953 George H. Sorter, School of Business facultyPhyllis Butcher Hartzler1954 Miss An-Shih Cheng, Res. Asst., American Medical AssociationJudith E. Culley, assistant to program manager, ChicagoEducational TV Association1955 Audrey J. RubovitsJoy Smith BurbachAt Large1909 Louis S. Berlin, president, Webb-Linn Printing Co.1910 Jessie Heckman Hirschl1913 Alma Ogden Plum1914 Earle A. Shilton, real estate1914 Erling H. Lunde, partner, Central Tools Co.1916 Olive Greensfelder, Horace Mann H. S., Gary1917 Franklyn K. Chandler, personnel administrator, U. S.General Service Administration1917 Edith Abernethy Moore1920 Richard A. Rubovits, sales, Photo Press, Inc.1921 Claire Lippman Bernhard1922 Elwood G. Ratcliff, registered representative, Smith Barney & Co., investment securities1926 Isabel Gorgas Lassen1927 Irene E. Wilson, legal secretary1928 John C. Kennan, vice president, Society for Visual Education, Inc.1933 Dr. Joseph A. Teegarden, Jr., physician and surgeon1935 Virginia Eyssell Carr1937 Helen Ann Hagedorn, teacher, Jungman ElementarySchool1941 Melvin T. Tracht, assistant treasurer, Illinois Instituteof Technology1942 Virginia Allen Stehney1942 Howard A. Kamin, assistant to the vice president, Darling& Co.1943 Emilie Rashevsky Strand1944 Barbara Rossman Skerpan1945 Betty J. Stearns, vice president, Public Relations Board1945 Lois Arnette Lewellyn1946 Joan Kohn, public relations director, WTTW-TV1947 Frederick D. Sulcer, Needham, Louis & Brorby, advertising1947 Carl W. Anderson, auditor, Ford Motor Co.1948 Ralph J. Wood, Jr., Sun Life Insurance Co.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWomer Heads College DivisionJOHN R. WOMER, '35, vice president of the Great Lakes MortgageCorporation, Chicago, is the newpresident of the College Division ofthe Alumni Association.John entered the University fromhis home in Oak Park. In his threeyears of varsity football, he playedin every game (guard, tackle, or end).He was the last man to receive afootball "C" from the hands of theGrand Old Man Stagg — because hewas at the end of the alphabet!John was intramural heavyweightwrestling champion, president of PsiUpsilon and the Interfraternity Council. When he finished college, Howard E. Green, '25, president of GreatLakes Mortgage Corporation and atrustee of the Psi Upsilon house tookJohn into the mortgage company.Now John is a trustee of the Psi Upsilon house, president of the ChicagoMortgage Bankers Association and amember of the development committee of the Chicago Association ofCommerce and Industry.John and his wife live in the penthouse of the new building at Dorchester and 56th. But the week-endsare always, (excepting InterfraternitySing night and a few other musts),spent on their 40 rolling acres at alake near Chesterton, Indiana.It's pretty clear that during histwo-year administration, CollegeSenate meetings will be held duringthe week — though John insists hewill make any exception for the goodof the Association and the University.CHARLES F. AXELSON, JR., '37,MBA '37, of Northbrook, Illinois,is first vice president. A Phi DeltaTheta, Charles was a member ofBlackfriars, Mirror, and the Interfraternity Council.Charles is controller of the UnitedStates Gypsum Company. He is anassociate of the National College ofEducation in Evanston and a trusteeand treasurer of the Village Churchof Northbrook. His father is CharlesF. Axelson, '07, a trustee of the University; his brother, Kenneth, a graduate of 1944.lV/fARY HAMMEL DAVIS, '41, is"second vice president. Marycame from Joliet and in her college John R. Womerdays was editor of Cap & Gown, amember of Mirror Board, Nu Pi Sigma, a student aide, chairman of theIda Noyes Council and an Esoteric.During the War she was a WAVE.She returned to campus with her husband in 1954 when he decided to workon his PhD. He is head of the Technological Service at the John CrerarLibrary. Meanwhile, Mary movedback into campus activities by helping to spark the return of Esoteric;serving on an important Festival ofArts committee; working with theHyde Park-Kenwood CommunityConference, and other Universityprojects. There are two boys in theDavis family: James, 9, and John, 8.At its fall meeting, the College. Division discussed means of helping with various alumni activities.Volunteers were signed up for committees to help on June reunion,suburban programming, and studentrecruitment.Heading the reunion committee forthe thirtieth reunion of '27 will beJames Cusack, Jr.; for the twenty -fifth reunion of '32, Randall V. Ratcliff.Mary Hammel Davis will head upthe Alumnae Breakfast Committeeand Frederick D. Sulcer, '47, theCommunications Forum Committee.Ralph J. Wood, Jr., '48, will organizea committee to spark another A.V.C. and AI—LJIS/ir-NllThe Report of a Study on Desegregation in the Baltimore CitySchools. Desegregation in the Baltimore City Schools. (The latter is adigest of the former.) By EleanorPancoast, PhB '17, AM '22, PhD '27,and others. The Maryland Commission on Interracial Problems and Relations and the Baltimore Commissionon Human Relations. Pp. 114 and 32.THE Supreme Court decision outlawing segregation in the schoolscontinues to generate reactions varying from pride and high praise toanger, rebellion, and violence. Although two and a half years havepassed since the historic decision,time seems to have done little totemper the resentment of the deepsouthern states or change their determination to adhere to "our way oflife." The idea of desegregation isstill the most hotly contested and universally debated issue in the South.A number of organizations and individuals have been working quietlyto create the understanding and acceptance that would make implementation of the decision possible.A far greater number, however, havebeen trying actively to circumvent it.The press has kept us posted on theisolated outbreaks of violence. Lessis known about the programs of desegregation in the border states, andthere have been conflicting reportson the experience of Washington,D. C. and Louisville, Kentucky,which have been the most widelypublicized.The study of desegregation in theBaltimore schools by Elinor Pan-coast and others, makes a helpful contribution to the all-too-slight literature on approaches to desegregation.Financed by a grant from the Fundfor the Advancement of Education ofthe Ford Foundation, the study wasundertaken by the official commissions on human relations of Maryland and Baltimore to examine thsproblems and difficulties faced by theCity of Baltimore in desegregatingits schools in September 1954.The sponsorship of the study raisedsome question in my mind about itsobjectivity — the groups involvedwould naturally have a decided biasJANUARY, 1957 27in favor of desegregation, and I expected their findings would be highlyfavorable to the Baltimore program.They are. The investigators, however, did try to produce as objectivea report as possible considering thelimitations under which they worked.The research was handled by astaff of five, with the help of sociologist consultants and an advisory committee drawn from the faculties ofMaryland colleges and universities,the Maryland and Baltimore Departments of Education, and the press. Itcovers the characteristics of the schooland city population in Baltimore,preparations made by the school system for desegregation, the problemsand difficulties encountered, the reaction in Maryland to the SupremeCourt decision, an analysis of themovement that sought to defeat desegregation through force, the stepstaken to overcome this opposition,and the constructive gains made. Information was obtained from 67 individuals, including a member of theBoard of School Commissioners, administrative officials of the Department of Education, principals of elementary schools, teachers — Negro andwhite — law enforcement officials,leaders of community organizations,leaders of organizations opposing desegregation, and informants havingdirect knowledge of the situation inlocal neighborhoods.The study reports that, in September 1954, after 87 years of segregatedschooling, 1,576 Negro pupils attendedformerly white schools. For severalweeks the program seemed to be accepted without incident. Then anoutbreak of demonstrations, strikes,picketing, parades, and mass meetingsbegan and spread, affecting 32 ofBaltimore's 189 day schools. Theywere brought under control in amonth, and there have been no further disturbances. Miss Pancoast andher associates could turn up no single cause for the outbreaks but suggest several. They find special significance in the fact that the protestsoccurred in predominantly whiteneighborhoods with very small Negroenrollments, all in areas in which theaverage adult had less formal education and a lower annual income thanthe average Baltimorean, and wherethere was a higher percentage ofhome ownership and less residentialmobility than in the city as a whole. Among those interviewed, a widemajority agreed that the Baltimoreprogram is proceeding smoothly. Thereasons are gone into in some detail:years of experience of integratedmeetings by school administrators,teachers, and the co-ordinating parents' council; the firm and unwavering position of school officials, publicauthorities, and civic and religiousorganizations; the way in which theSuperintendent of Schools enlistedthe cooperation of teachers and principals; the prompt announcement ofsteps to be taken, which' allayed thefears of parents and school personnel; the fact that Baltimore's schoolsystem had never compelled childrento go to certain schools and freechoice continued to be given them.The standard fears, in advance ofintegration, are that colored childrenwill create health, behavior, social andacademic problems. After a year'sexperience with integration, Baltimore has found the first three of thesefears groundless and the fourth opento sope questions.The thoughtful reader will raiseother questions. Does a program thathas affected only 3% of the totalNegro school population (97% remained in all-Negro schools), thathas brought a very small percentage— sometimes only a few Negro pupils— into formerly white schools (61schools remained all-white and 81 all-Negro), that has produced no assignments of white teachers to Negroschools or the reverse — mean successin integration? As more neighborhoods become racially mixed, howwill the problem of free choice ofschools be resolved?Miss Pancoast and her associatesare aware of these and other questions and do not pretend that Baltimore has found all the answers. Theybelieve what it has done has beenright for Baltimore but that otherareas may need to work along different lines.There are important lessons to belearned from the Baltimore experience. The full report (a 114-pagepamphlet) can be read with profit byschool personnel, public officials andcivic leaders. If time presses, the digest (32 pages) gives the salient facts.Julia AbrahamsonFormerly Executive Director,Hyde Park-Kenwood CommunityConference bible study for grownups: A Helping Book Based on Genesis and Matthew. By Frank Eakin, PhD '22.MacMillan, 1956. Pp. x, 397. $3.95.The author of this volume, an alumnus of the University, is troubledby the fact that Americans today knowvery little of the contents of the Bible.What troubles him even more is theinability of many to enter into thereal spirit of the biblical way of looking at life. He feels that one way ofdealing with these weaknesses andovercoming them is to recognize thatthe Bible is a "pieced together literature" which was in process of development for more than a thousandyears. It is best, therefore, he feels,to study small units at a time. Forthe selection of such small units heturns to the first book of the OldTestament and the first of the New.Genesis is broken down into fourunits and Matthew into six.Each unit is treated under threeheads: Survey, Comments, Values.The survey is essentially a paraphrase of the text. Comments areexplanatory notes on specific items inthe text that it is not possible to dealwith in the paraphrasing. Under"values" the author seeks to point tothe contemporary relevance of theseveral units.J. Coert RylaarsdamProfessorFederated Theological FacultyMETHODS IN PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT.By George G. Stern, PhD '49, MorrisI. Stein, and Benjamin S. Bloom, PhD'43. The Free Press, Glencoe, III.1956. Pp. 271.The subtitle of this volume onmethods for the assessment of personality is "Human Behavior in Complex Social Situations." It providesthe basic key to the particularly ingenious methods which these authorspresent in this volume. The emphasisof this subtitle will perhaps be morenovel to the psychologist than to thelay reader. While the lay reader willalways have assumed that the behavior of the individual takes place incomplex social situations and will havefound his own behavior to have beengreatly influenced by such complexities, the psychologist has generally attempted to simplify his model andunderstanding of personality by appearing to ignore the situational context of the subjects of his study. This28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEseems to have been particularly truein some of the earlier versions ofpersonality assessment, especiallythose going under the general rubricof "vocational guidance."The basic philosophy in this latterfield was representative of much psychological thought. It tended to assume that the attributes of personswhich were relevant to a predictionof his future adjustment, especiallyhis adjustment to a vocation, wereinternal, contained within the individual. While the psychologist didperceive the concept of some sort offixed social event, it was most frequently the kind of static concept involved in the notion of the "roundhole." The task thus became one ofstudying the individual, to assure thatthe "square pegness" of the individualwas appropiately placed in a "squarehole."This limited recognition of the relevance of the social situation allowedthe psychologist to spend his effortsin the devising of instruments forthe study of the individual per se, onthe logic that even if these attributeswere not entirely innate, they wereat least best described by assumingthat they were not directly influencedin their manifestation by the contextof social events in which the individual found himself.^ Stern, Stein andBloom have quite specifically assumed the opposite viewpoint andhave devised procedures and methodsto implement this contrary assumption. Their revised assumption is thatthe description of personality and itsassessment with respect to behaviorin occupational (and other) fieldsmust be intimately related to knowledge of the situation in which the behavior in question will occur. Thesesocial situations they see as particularly complex, imposing upon the individual a wide variety of demands,tasks, pressures, encouraging and facilitating certain behaviors, and discouraging and depressing certainothers.It now becomes apparent that anew model of personality must bedevised, one which grants the realityof certain personality events that areinternal to the individual, but thatassumes their understanding is nowto be derived only from an intimateknowledge of the nature of the exchange between individual and socialsituation. In the introduction to this volume,by Professor Henry A. Murray, isgiven a short caricature of the formof this new model set by the authorswhich while admittedly somewhatsharp in its outlines, still will conveyto the reader the essence of the approach. Professor Murray suggeststhat we assume that our assignmentis to predict grades in an Englishcourse given by Professor X. Theformer approach to this problemwould have been to devise a series oftests of something called "aptitude"for English studies, combine it perhaps with a general intelligencemeasure, and administer these teststo a number of students going intoEnglish studies. The evidence nowrelevant to the goodness of thesetests would be the extent of correlation between the test scores and thefinal grades assigned to the studentsby Professor X.The present approach would startin a quite different fashion. Theseauthors would propose that the firstapproach would be Professor X andhis classroom, not the testing of individual subjects. They would nowobtain as much information as possible about Professor X, his tastes inclassroom techniques, his explicit andimplicit standards. They would askProfessor X what particular meritshe saw in the students he called hisbest ones and what deficiencies hesaw in his worst students. Theywould also study the examinationsgiven to the students. They wouldthen make a special study of the personality, aptitudes, skills, viewpoints,of those students who had in therecent past received high grades fromProfessor X, and of those studentswho received low grades. From thesestudies they would derive a statement ethos and values of the socialsituation in which these students received, and this Professor gave, classroom grades.Now, the new psychologist woulddevise a model for the personality ofthe students who are most likely toreceive high grades from Professor Xin English. It will be seen that theyare now assuming that the contextof Professor X is as important as theattributes of the students. Only atthis point would they attempt to devise methods for the study of the personality of this students, under thecircumstances found to be important in this social context.In the body of the volume, the authors develop in more technical fashion the general model caricaturedabove, and illustrate it in detailthrough some actual studies of teacher-trainees, graduate students, college freshmen. The entire volume,well conceived and well written, opensup new views of the task of predicting human behavior and of selectingindividual appropriate to certain social situations. The volume presentsmany novel views and methods anddocuments these with sound research.William E. HenryChairman, Committee on HumanDevelopmentAssociate Professor of Psychologylogarhythms, by James L. Weil, AB'50, (with an introduction by RichardM. Weaver, Associate Professor ofEnglish). New York: Poetry Library,1956, 63 pp., $2.50.In this second book of verse theauthor has collected forty-one newpoems and four translations from theGerman of Frank Muth. Weil's bookis unusual for a young poet in thathe deals almost exclusively in rhymedverse, frequently writes poetry aboutpoetry and poets, and lacks any clearly defined thematic line (this latterobserved in the foreword by his earlyinstructor, Mr. Weaver). Given thepresent state of poetry these mightbe considered advantages or handicaps depending on which side of thecritical barricades the reader choosesto stand. Writing rhymed verse is aconsiderable challenge with the constant threat of awkwardness and contrivance, the seduction of the thoughtin the bed of form; when it turns outexceptionally well it is delightful,more often it is less than competent.Weil approaches his poetry withevident seriousness and careful preparation, though he now writes "amidthe distractions of a career in business" which Weaver identifies as anindependence from which the workderives part of its quality. Perhapsthis seriousness, this eagerness to explore the larger context of his ownwork, is responsible for Weil's concentration on poems and poets as subjects: Keats, Auden, Dylan Thomas,posthumous poems received via apsychic medium. In perfecting histalent the poet's most striking ac-( Continued on Page 31)JANUARY, 1957 29Plan Publication ofJames Madison PapersChicago and Virginia to cooperate in publishingpapers of "the architect of the Constitution"Publication of the collected papersof James Madison in a cooperative effort by the University of Virginia and the University of Chicagowill close the last remaining gap inthe basic historical sources of the"founding fathers" of the UnitedStates. The plan for publication wasannounced recently by PresidentColgate W. Darden, Jr., of Virginiaand Chancellor Kimpton.An undertaking similar to the publication of the collected papers ofThomas Jefferson, now in process,the Madison papers will make available for the first time the full recordof the contributions of the country'sfourth president, who has been described as "the architect of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights."The work of editing and publication, which will require about twelveyears to complete, was made possibleby a grant of $150,000 by the Rockefeller Foundation; a grant of $200,000from the Ford Foundation; an appropriation of $10,000 for each year of thecurrent biennium by the General Assembly of Virginia, and commitmentsby the two universities to raise another $30,000.Editors of the Madison papers willbe Leonard D. White, Ernest De WittBurton Distinguished Service Professor emeritus, and William T.Hutchinson, Preston and SterlingMorton Professor of American History, of the University of Chicago;and William M. E. Rachal, designatedby the University of Virginia.Rachal has been editor for the pastfour years of the Virginia Magazineof History and Biography, publishedin Richmond by the Virginia Historical Society, and has written or editednumerous articles on the history ofVirginia, particularly that of the lateeighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Professor White, who retired inSeptember of this year, is an authority on public administration, and author, among other studies, of TheFederalists, The Jeffersonians, andThe Jacksonians. He received theWoodrow Wilson Award of the American Political Science Association forThe Federalists and the 1955 Columbia University Bancroft Prize for TheJacksonians.A specialist on American constitutional history, Hutchinson gainedconsiderable editorial experience during his seven years as executivesecretary of the University's CharlesR. Walgreen Foundation for theStudy of American Institutions. Hetwice has won the Llewellyn Johnand Harriet Manchester QuantrellAward of the University of Chicagofor distinguished teaching.An advisory committee will participate in the editing project, themembers being, in addition to President Darden and Chancellor Kimpton, Julian P. Boyd, of Princeton,N. J., editor of the Papers of ThomasJefferson; Dumas Malone, Professorof History, Columbia University,whose five -volume biography of Jefferson is now in publication; IrvingBrant, of Washington, D. C, who haspublished five volumes of an extensive life of Madison; and John C.Wyllie, Librarian at the University ofVirginia.The Madison papers will be published by the University of ChicagoPress, at a rate of approximately twovolumes a year, beginning about 1960,when editing of the earliest papersis completed. It is estimated that 22large volumes will be required.When the Madison papers are published, students of American historywill have available the complete record of the great figures of the Revolutionary period who built the nation. The documents of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams,Benjamin Franklin, and AlexanderHamilton have been published or arein process, in large part through thestimulation of the National HistoricalPublications Commission of theUnited States.• President Darden of the Universityof Virginia, a former governor of thestate, has long been interested inachieving publication of Madison'spapers. Under his leadership, achecklist of more than 12,000 Madisonpapers has been compiled by the University of Virginia. Madison, a member of the University of Virginia'sfirst board of visitors, succeededThomas Jefferson as its rector.The documentation of Madison'scontributions is a complete one,though the materials which he scrupulously saved have had a curioushistory. Soon after his death, Congress appropriated $30,000 to buy theNotes of Debates in the Federal Cofi-vention of 1787 and a collection ofletters relating to the ContinentalCongress, from his widow, DollyMadison.Then in 1848 Congress authorizedpayment of $25,000 for the larger remainder of the collection, setting upa trust fund so that Mrs. Madison'swayward son, John Payne Todd,could not gamble the money away.Before possession was obtained, Toddsold a thousand of the letters to JohnC. McGuire, who edited "selections"from Madison's correspondence.This segment remained in the possession of McGuire's heirs until 1892,when Marshall Field, Chicago merchant, bought the letters at a publicauction and presented them to theChicago Historical Society. In 1910the Society turned the papers over tothe Library of Congress, receiving ascompensation only the price Fieldhad paid.In 1935 the Library of Congressretrieved a large segment of the original purchase made by Congress,which unknowingly had been lost.Senator William Cabell Rives of Virginia had borrowed the entire collection from the Library for a Life andTimes of James Madison, which henever completed. Presumably thematerial had been returned to the Lirbrary of Congress, but hundreds ofthe items were found later in a trunk,mixed with Rives' own papers.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEOther important smaller collectionsof Madison's papers are at the University of Virginia, the Virginia- StateLibrary, the New York Public Library, and historical societies of several states.Only three partial efforts havebeen made previously to publish theMadison collection. Congress authorized publications in 1840 and 1865,and Gaillard Hunt, Chief of the Division of Manuscripts of the Library ofCongress, published a nine -volumeseries of selections in 1909-10, in alimited edition of 750 copies.One of the serious failures of thesepartial publications is that they provided only the writings of Madison,without the related correspondence orother record. Madison's stature hassuffered as a result, because his writings require reading in context, unlike those of Jefferson, whose lettersand essays on political questions wererounded and complete.The full panorama of Madison'smaterial, including the correspondence to him, . scholars have pointedout, is required to grasp the great andcontinuing contributions he made tothe founding and guidance of the nation.Madison, who was born in 1751and died in 1836, was an outstandingpolitical philosopher and the skilleddraftsman among the leaders of theRevolution and the organizers of thestrong Federal government that insured the independence of the oftenbitterly divided states.He was the author of the "VirginiaPlan" which was the framework forthe practical compromises which wereformulated in the Constitution, andwrote nearly thirty of "The FederalistPapers" which so strongly influencedratification of the Constitution.As a member of the House of Representatives from Virginia in theearly Congress, Madison continued toimplement the construction of thenew form of government he had outlined. He also proposed nine of theten amendments to the Constitutionwhich comprise the "Bill of Rights."As much as any other man, Madison was responsible for establishingin the United States the principle ofreligious freedom, and for the separation of church and state. His positionas a statesman gradually turned tothat of "strict construction" of theConstitution he had led in framing, and he was a vigorous opponent ofthe "Alien and Sedition Laws," evento the point of being an advocate of"interposition."Madison was secretary of state during Jefferson's two terms as president,1801-09. The Louisiana Purchase andthe bold assault on the Barbary pirates were among the results of thejoint efforts of the two old friends.Bpth struggled together with theproblems represented by relationswith France and England, which culminated in the war of 1812, afterMadison succeeded Jefferson to thepresidency.As was true of his notes and paperson the period of struggle leading toadoption of the Constitution, one ofthe fullest records of this early periodof diplomacy of the young nation wasmade by Madison, and forms an important segment of the documents tobe published.fettersIf it is Miss Anthenelli to whom weare indebted for that hot summerafternoon's search in the basementfiles, let me be one of those to thankher for the exciting pleasure of reading that extraordinary first excerptfrom Milton Mayer's biography of our"Dr. Harper."I'm sure that it was at the veryconvocation, or other ceremony, towhich he and Mr. Rockefeller are sopurposefully striding (on the frontcover of the October issue) that Irecall Mr. Rockefeller in one of hisrare public visits to the University,sitting upon the platform, lean, dry,dignified, withdrawn, speaking littlebut seeing all.Never either shall I forget my ownfirst interview with the president ofthe new, young University. I was ayoung neophyte librarian myself,with one year of college in the East,one year as a beginner in Chicago'sNewberry Library, and the ambitionto work my way through the newUniversity, on the strength of thatbrief library experience. Dr. Harperlistened, then very quickly came tothe point with the one vital question:"Miss Freeman, have you made upyour mind that you're going throughcollege anyway?" (Luckily I didn't hesitate): "Yes, Sir, I have." "Verywell' then, I'll see that you do it."And he did. Four hours a day on theUniversity Library staff, plus tuitionscholarships, and access to the University loan fund, turned the trick.When I was so honored as to be oneof the three women alumnae to receive the 50th Anniversary "pro sin-gulari eius merito" medals in 1941, Ithought Dr. Harper would have beenpleased, and was especially sorry thatI couldn't be there to receive the citation in person.Cordially yours,Marilla Waite Freeman, '97It was a real thrill to read in theDecember issue that Miss ElizabethWallace of the original 1892 faculty ofthe University is still living, in Minneapolis. One of us studied Corneille,Racine, and Moliere with her in thewinter quarter of 1925. From herpicture, it is evident that she has notchanged a bit.We cannot close without complimenting you on the wonderful seriesof articles on William Rainey Harperby Milton Mayer, just concluded. Putting them in their proper perspective,they merely represent one of themost outstanding of the many finethings the Magazine has done.Yours very truly,Evan W. McChesney, '26Arline McChesney, 31(Continued from Page 29)complishments seem to me to be "Onthe Death of Albert Einstein," "TooMany Lovers," and "Log: AboardEarth 1956." There are others whichwhile compelling, seem to lack development, such as "Wine Cellar" and"To Champollion."At twenty -seven Weil's techniqueemphasizes a blending of traditionaland modern, (otosclerosis, bombardier, Shinar's Plain), terms that createswift shifts of mood for effect. Thissuggests violence, but is almost always subdued; the young poet'sshouts of joy, rage, bitterness, humoror compassion are yet withheld. Whatcharacterizes his work is sophistication, even detachment; he has committed himself to poetry but he hasnot clearly committed his poetry toanything.Lachlan MacDonald,formerly Editor ofThe Chicago ReviewJANUARY, 1957 t 31Since 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nation-wide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.VkeLxcluHve CleanexiWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200Phones OAlcland 4-0690 — 4-0691 — 4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpeciallyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H- Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4 When A Newsman RetiresWhen a newspaperman retires,what does he plan to do?More writing, naturally.Charles V. Stansell, AM 11, whoretired recently after thirty-eightyears of pounding a typewriter forthe Kansas City Star, confessesthat among the activities he haslined up to fill his leisure time willbe some article writing for magazines.By the time he left the Star, hehad become an associate editor,one of the most widely respectednewsmen in the Midwest, and hadhelped his paper win a PulitzerPrize.He didn't plan it that way. Hebegan his career as a professor ofEnglish at Ottawa University, Ottawa, Kansas. He had been therefor eight years when World War Ibroke out and there was a shortage of journalists. He thought itmight be fun to gain some experience as a newsman, and went towork for the Star as a summerreplacement.He became so engrossed in newspaper work that he returned tothe paper on a full-time basis in1919, and stayed there until hisrecent retirement.Realizing his potential, the managing editor reassigned him fromgeneral reporting to writing editorials. Stansell maintains thatthis change gave him "... a chancefor expression that I could neverhave had if I had stayed in ateaching position."As an editorial writer, he became interested in the city management of Kansas City, and wasassigned to continuous duty on thecharter commission plan. It remained his chief task until several years later the plan wasadopted by a four-to-one popular majority. In the course of theseexplorations, he became an authority on city government.Stansell also became a familiarfigure in the press row of the Mis-sauri General Assembly. He is wellknown to many Missouri and Kansas representatives and senators inWashington, and numbers amonghis personal friends Senators Byrdof Virginia and Russell of Georgia.Hs was also a friend of the lateSenator Vandenberg of Michigan.The combination of a scholarlyapproach and the professionalcompetence of a working newsman have made Stansell's interpretive articles thought- provokingand well documented. An index ofhis proficiency is the Pulitzer Prizefor national editorial excellenceworf by the Kansas City Star in1934. Stansell was one of fourwriters whose editorials were submitted for consideration to theaward committee.Another facet of Stansell's career, one which made his voice aswell as his pen known in KansasCity homes, was his eleven-and-a-half years of news commentaryover WDAF. Most of that timehe appeared before the microphonethree times a week with a fifteen-minute analysis of news developments. Stansell estimates that asa commentator, he used approximately 2Vz million words, "enoughto fill more than eight big volumes, as another useless contribution to the befuddlement of mankind."Stansell was reared in SouthCarolina as an "unreconstructedrebel." He attended public schoolsin Greenville, S. C, and earneddegrees from Furman University,where he instructed in Latin from1907 to 1909, and the University ofChicago, where he was awardedthe Master of Arts degree in 1911.He has also attended graduateschool at Columbia and Harvarduniversities. In 1945, Furman University granted him an honorarydoctor's degree.Stansell and his wife, MaryWoodside Stansell, have threedaughters, a son, and ten grandchildren.With the press of newspaperbusiness diminished, Stansell plansto devote himself to catching upwith the study of English literature.There will also be more time tobrush up on his golf game andtake a more active part in outsideinterests, which include churchwork and affairs of his clubs andbusiness groups. And, of course,more writing!32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEQassAlumni committees planning reunions for the classes of sevens andtwos next spring are at work thesemonths and would welcome helpfrom classmates.1902 will celebrate its 50th reunion; 1932 will be the 25-yearclass. If you are in a reunion class—'02, '07, '12, '17, '22, '27, '32, '37,'42, '47 and '52— plan to be on thequadrangles the weekend of June8."Indicates person will attend JuneReunion.01-18G. W. C. Ross, AB '01, is ProfessorEmeritus of Political Science at the College of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minn. At76, Ross is still teaching half-time, andexpects to be at the 1961 alumni reunionto celebrate sixty years as a graduate ofthe University.Earl Q. Gray, SB 11, JD 13, a lawyerin Ardmore, Okla., is a member of theconstitution and by-laws committee ofRotary International.Vera L..Moyer, SB 11, has retired fromher duties at Pennsylvania State University and is now Cataloguer for theUniversity of Pittsburg library.Harvey T. Hill, AM 16, will retireJanuary 1, after 13 years as executivedirector of the Diesel Engine Manufacturers Assn. Hill will make his homein Delray Beach, Fla., after 41 yearsin Chicago. He has been associated withthe Chicago Association of Commerceand Industry, secretary of the IllinoisChamber of Commerce, and executivevice president of the Chicago Stock Exchange for ten years.Walter H. Wente, AM 18, PhD '32, hasbeen appointed Academic Dean and Professor of Humanities in the newly established Concordia Senior College, FortWayne, Ind.20-22Marion Tarnin, PhB '20, Assistant Professor of Foreign Languages at WesternMichigan College, Kalamazoo, Mich., hasbeen named an officer of the FrenchAcademy for her long service and greatinterest in the culture of France.William N. Harrison, SM '21, has hada paper entitled "Controlling Conductivity in Silicates," published by the National Bureau of Standards.Irving C. Reynolds, PhB '21, and hiswife, the former Ruth Hamilton, PhB Nletus'21, have completed a successful campaign, and Irving is again a member ofthe Ohio Legislature. The couple willlive in Columbus during the legislativeterm. During March and April, the Reynolds were present at the InternationalTrade Fair in Osaka, Japan. There,Reynolds, who is chairman of the boardcf the Franklin Ice Cream Co. of Toledowhen he is not politicking, supervised adairy products exhibit which featuredfree ice cream cones and milk.Vern O. Knudsen, PhD '22, Dean of theGraduate Division at the University ofCalifornia at Los Angeles, has been giventhe additional duties of vice-chancellorfor academic affairs. In addition to hisnew duties, Dr. Knudsen is Professorof Physics and has enjoyed a distinguished career in his chosen field —acoustics. Called upon by the motionpicture industry in 1929 to help cope withthe problems of the new sound pictures,Knudsen is credited with designing thefirst sound stages at MGM, United Artists Paramount, and other major studios.He was also consultant on acoustics forthe C.B.S. Hollywood studios, and wasone of the consultants for the U.N. headquarters in New York. During WorldWar II, he worked on Navy submarineand sonar problems. Dr. Knudsen isauthor of Architectural Acoustics, andAudiometry, and has written extensivelyfor scientific journals. He is a fellow ofthe American Association for the Advancement of Science, the AmericanPhysical Society, and was president ofthe Acoustical Society of America from1933 to 1935.*Ivae Walker, '22, is a librarian atTechnical High School in Omaha.Adele Byrne Prescott, (Mrs. Robert),'22, of Montclair, N. J. has had a busyyear. Her daughter Anne was marriedto G. Estabrook Kindred, whose motheris also an alumna of the University. Hersecond daughter Nancy is a student atWellesley.*William R. Ruminer, '22, of La Grange,111. is a canvass director for the WellsOrganization, church fund-raising firm.He recently returned from two-and-a-half-months in Australia.*Hayes Kennedy, '22, JD '24, generalclaims attorney for the Greyhound Corp.,has received a medal and citation fromthe American Legion for being one ofthe three founders of the Boys' StateProgram now operated by the Legionin all forty-eight states.*Helen V. Papenbrook, '22, retired inJune, 1954, after teaching in the Chicagohigh schools for a number of years. Shewas at Harrison High School for the lastfew years before retiring. 24-25O. Paul Decker, PhB '24, is presidentof the National Boulevard Bank of Chicago. Decker is also chairman of theinvestment committee of the AmericanNational Bank and Trust Co., a directorand member cf the executive committeeof the North Western Railroad, and director of Hazel-Atlas Glass Co., ThorCorp., B/G Foods, Inc., and the GlencoeNational Bank.Forrest Rosaire, PhB '24, has writtena novel, White Night, published by J. B.Lippincott Co. Rosaire's previous novelsinclude East of Midnight and The Uneasy Years. Under the name of J. J. desOrmeaux, his short stories have appearedin many magazines, including Colliers,The Saturday Evening Post, and Esquire.Herbert C. DeYoung, AB '25, JD '28, ofKenilworth, 111., a past president of theTuberculosis Institute of Chicago andCook County, has been awarded theDearholt Medal for outstanding contributions to tuberculosis control. DeYoungis currently a member of the executivecommittees of both the institute and theNational Tuberculosis Assn.; a memberof the board of directors of the WelfareCouncil of Metropolitan Chicago; honorary citizen fellow of the Institute ofMedicine; and serves on the Mayor's advisory committee on tuberculosis.Renowned Physicist RetiresAn internationally renowned authorand physicist, Karl K. Darrow, SB 11,PhD 17, retired after nearly 40 years ofservice with Bell Telephone System.A specialist in the interpretation ofscientific information, Darrow is authorof eight books and more than 200 articles. He has served as visiting Professor at Chicago, Columbia, Smith, andStanford. In 1951 the French Legion ofHonor award him its decoration with therank of Chevalier, for "services renderedto the international relations of scienceand to the cultural relations betweenFrance and the United States."JANUARY, 1957 33, SmrrnxiMlmTmnrll1 PARKER-HOLS MANReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525BEST BOILER REPAIRS WELDING CO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.FurnitureUpholsteringAntiques Repairing• RefinishingRestored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson - PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST. The Rev. Robert A. Lundy, '25, is minister of the Community MethodistChurch in Winnemucca, Nev.Dr. William S. Snyder, MD '25, ofFrankfort, Ky., is a district governor forRotary International. A member and pastpresident of the Rotary Club of Frankfort, he is president of the FranklinCounty Medical Society, and a pastpresident of the Eye, Ear, Nose, andThroat Section of the Kentucky MedicalAssociation.Gladys Anne Renshaw, AM '25, Associate Professor of French and Spanishat Sophie Newcomb College of TulaneUniversity, New Orleans, was honored asteacher of the year by the Tulane chapter of Delta Kappa Gamma, internationaleducational group. Miss Renshaw hasbeen a member of the Newcomb facultyfor 34 years. A former president of thenational fellowship committee of AlphaOmicron Pi sorority and a former president of the New Orleans chapter, American Association of University Women,she has received numerous awards. In1926 Miss Renshaw received an awardfrom 1-Athee Louisianais for her workon Ronsard. In 1933 she received theFrench language prize awarded by theFrench Academy. She was made "Officerd'Academie" by the French governmentin 1927 in recognition of her contributionto ''the teaching of French.27Don D. Prcsser, '27, has left his position as Associate Professor of Psychologyat Los Angeles State College to enterprivate practice in psychology.* James J. Cusack, Jr., '27, is engaged inprivate law practice in Chicago.*Alice Hahn Rausch, (Mrs. EdmundO.), SB '27, is working with her husbandin the care of children and the aged atthe Lutheran Homes, Joliet, 111. Theirdaughter Carol is studying for a master'sdegree in social work at Washington University, St. Louis.Dr. Julius E. Ginsburg, '27, MD '32, isAssociate Professor of Dermatology atNorthwestern University Medical School.*M. Pearl Porterfield, PhB '27, AM '37,is living in Chicago and hopes to attendthe June reunion.*Gertrude R. Gardiner, '27, has recently returned from a trip around theworld.?Albert W. Meyer, SB '27, PhD '30, ispresently director of exploratory research for the Diamond Alkali Co. Dr.Meyer writes that his wife, Leslie Hudson,is celebrating the twenty-fifth anniversaryof her Master of Science degree fromthe University.*Irving C. Lovejoy, '27, is currentlyenjoying his retirement after teachingin the Chicago high school system.Dr. Julius E. Ginsberg, '27, MD '32, isAssociate Professor of Dermatology atNorthwestern University Medical School.*Edward J. Redden, '27, writes, "Nonews — still a bachelor." Actively interested in public serviceand politics, William A. F. Stephenson,'27, president of the Broquinda Corp.,was author and sponsor of the newFlorida presidential primary law, chairman of the Pinellas County (Fla.)Democratic Executive committee, andchairman of the Florida delegation at theDemocratic National Convention in July.*0. M. Merriman, PhB '27, who retiredafter 44 years service in the Indianapublic school system, is acting as anagent for visual education products.Recently retired as Principal of MissWood's School and Associate Professorof Elementary Education at MacalesterCollege, St. Paul, Minn., Edith A. Stevens,'27, still remains active by teaching ArtHistory and Appreciation classes at theMinneapolis Y.M.C.A. and the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.28-33Major General John K. Gerhart, '28, aveteran of nearly 30 years service, iscommander of the Twelfth Air Force, inEurope. Asked what most influenced hisdecision to take up flying as a career,General Gerhart credits Amos AlonzoStagg, by telling the story of his experiences as a mediocre pole vaulter atChicago. Approached by Stagg one dayGerhart expected instruction in polevaulting. Stagg told him that his onlytrouble was that he didn't go highenough. Soon after, Gerhart joined theAir Force.Clara Marburg Kirk, (Mrs. Rudolph),PhD '29, has been appointed Lecturer inEnglish at Douglass College of RutgersUniversity, New Brunswick, N. J. Previously, Mrs. Kirk was Associate Professor of English at Vassar and Bryn MawrColleges. A member of Phi Beta Kappa,she is also the author of several books.*Dr. Paul Ashley, '31, cf ChicagoHeights, is a family physician. His eldestdaughter, Janet Kay, is a sophomore atGrinnell College, working for a BS degree in nursing.Florence E. Petzel, PhB '31, AM '34,is living in Cornwallis, Ore., where sheis head of the department of Clothing,Textiles, and Related Arts at OregonState College.E. E. Busse, '31, was named chairmanof Continental Bank, Cleveland. Busseis also a director of Mau-Sherwood Supply Co. and Warren Refining and Chemical Co. of Cleveland.Margaret Jean Hough, SB '32, SM '42,PhD '46, a specialist in the study of vertebrate paleontology, has joined the stanof Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pa>as Assistant Professor of Biology. Mostrecently, Jean worked as a geologist withthe U.S. Geological Survey at the U.S.National Museum in Washington.*Ethel Bierman, '32, has just returnedfrom a trip to South America. She andher parents spent most of their time va.Concordia, Argentina, at the home of heruncle, whom the Biermans had not seenin fifty years. The Biermans also visitedPanama, Peru, Brazil, and Trinidad.34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETwo alumni hold high posts on theHomewood -Flossmoor (111.) High SchoolCommittee. They are Laurence H. Carr,SB '32, SM '34, chairman of the committee, and George W. Schustek, SB '37,MBA '51, vice-chairman.Ogden K. Smythe, AB '32, Portland,Tex., has been with the Sinclair Refining Co. for 23 years. Active in leadership training for the Boy Scouts, bothMr. and Mrs. Smythe are completingtheir third year in the Great Books discussion group.Helen Abells Douglas, '32, SM '35, hasaccepted an appointment as psychologistat the Bennington (Vt.) Guidance Clinic.Her father, Col. Harry D. Abells, '97, retired as head of the Morgan Park Military Academy, now lives in North Bennington.Theodore L. Thau, '32, JD '34, is deputyassistant general counsel for internationalaffairs, U.S. Department of Commerce, incharge of legal enforcement of U.S. export controls* Rose Mary Parsons, '32, contends thatshe and her husband Sig Schaul "pioneered" in the modern mining town ofSan Manuel, Ariz. Rose Mary is activein the Women's Club, P.T.A., AmericanLegion Auxiliary, and other communityprojects.Henry T. Sulcer, PhB '33, JD '36, andhis wife, Wallace Barrett Crume, PhB'34, recently returned to their Maple-wood, N. J., home from a party to findthe house in flames. Luckily they wereable to wake their three children andMrs. Sulcer's mother in time to avoidserious injury.Estelle C. Daresh, AB '33, was marriedin July to H. Willard Setzer. The coupleare living in Chicago.35-39Mollie S. Cohen, AM '35, has returnedfrom a year of study in France and isa member of the Department of Englishat Illinois Institute of Technology.William H. Bergman, AB '35, vice-president of S. A. Bergman, Inc., Chicago, has been elected vice-president ofRetail Paint and Wallpaper Distributors,Inc., a national organization of some 15thousand distributors of these products.Bergman was general chairman of thegroup's national convention held in Chicago. He is married to the formerJanet D. Lewy, AB '36.W. Edgar Gregory, BD '36, PhD '55,married the former Mrs. Muriel VanGilder Keaton on June 10, the same dayshe received her AB degree from theCollege of the Pacific, Stockton, Calif.Gregory, a Professor of Psychology atCollege of the Pacific, has been included111 the latest edition of American Men°f Science.Charles C. Nicola, AB '36, is practicinglaw in Denver, Colo.Major Daniel D. Stok, PhB '36, received a certificate of achievement whileserving in Korea with the Korean Miliary Advisory Group. William H. Safranek, SB '36, was honored by the American Electroplater's Society as co-author of the best technicalpaper appearing in the society's publications. In conjunction with Charles L.#Faust, Safranek submitted a study dealing with acid and cyanide electroplatingbaths. Safranek has been associated withBattelle Memorial Institute, Columbus,O., since 1945 and is assistant chief ofthe electro -chemical engineering division.George V. Meyers, AB '36, generalmanager for production, was elected vicepresident in charge of research' and development for the Standard Oil Co.(Indiana).Richard Rohn, AB '37, is assistant director of group sales for the New England Mutual Life Insurance Co., Boston,Mass.Walter S. Crewson, Jr., SM '37, hasbeen appointed Associate State EducationCommissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education for the State of NewYork. As an administrator in education,Crewson has been an advocate of participation by laymen in the preparationof courses of study. As superintendentof the Levittown, N. Y., public schools,Crewson has encouraged joint participation by the board of education, theschool staff, and laymen in planningschool plant, program, and tax support.Arnold J. Kuhn, AB '37, SM '46, PhD'49, has been appointed executive director of the Chicago Committee on Alcoholism. Kuhn was formerly an account executive with the public relationsagency of Imberman and DeForest. Heis a member of the faculty of UniversityCollege and has taught at Syracuse andDePaul Universities.*A son was born to Agatha TosneyTyne, (Mrs. E. M.), '37, on July 24.*Emma L. Freyermuth, '37, has beenretired from primary teaching for twoyears.Cecile Hillyer, AM '38, has been appointed chief of the Division of Trainingin the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation,U.S. Department of Health, Education,and Welfare. Miss Hillyer will supervise efforts to expand and improve stateand federal vocational rehabilitation programs.Charlotte Towle, '39, of the School ofSocial Service Administration, wasawarded the Fiorina Lasker Social WorkAward at the New York School of Social Work Alumni Luncheon at the National Conference of Social Work in St.Louis. Charlotte's citation read, in part:"For nearly four decades, she has maintained a superior record of achievementas practitioner, scholar, educator, author,thinker, and leader. In the face of unthinking and clamorous opposition, shehas stood her ground with intelligence,integrity, and intrepidity." Miss Towlehas been on the Faculty of the Universitysince 1932. She has served as consultantto numerous local and national welfareand health programs. In 1955, she servedas Consultant to the Faculty of the London School of Economics. Up owUiafrtoHINDE & OAUCHThe Authority onPackagingBecause Hinde & Dauchhas helped to lower thecost of distribution sincemanufacturing the firstcorrugated boxes morethan 50 years ago.Because of the packagedesign service H&D provides to all industry.And because Hinde &Dauch reaches men withleadership responsibilitiesin business, industry, andgovernment service —through theMIDWESTALUMNI MAGAZINESThe Ohio State MonthlyThe Michigan AlumnusThe MinnesotaThe Wisconsin AlumnusThe Purdue AlumnusThe Indiana Alumni MagazineUniversity of Chicago MagazineTotal Combined CirculationOver 94,000For full information write or •phone Birge Kinne, 22 WashingtonSq. North, New York, N. Y.GRamercy 5-2039JANUARY, 1957 35Luther E. Birdzell, Jr., AB '39, hasbeen named to the post of counsel tohead the legal operation of the recentlyformed Industrial Electronics Division ofGeneral Electric Co. Birdzell has beenassociated with General Electric since1952. For ten years prior, he was inprivate law practice, first in New YorkCity and then in San Francisco. Birdzelland his family reside in Greenwich,Conn.40-47June Sark, AB '40, AM '41, has beenselected director of the Oak CommunitySchool for retarded teenagers and youngadults, by the Oak Park-River Forest,(111.), Association for Retarded Children.Miss Sark, who has lectured extensivelyand conducted workshops on audiovisual methods of teaching, is the managing editor of Educational Screenmagazine.Mary Jane Metcalfe Watson, (Mrs.Hubert C), '40, is second vice presidentof the Women's University Club of NewYork.John K. Hammon, '41, is now the minister of the Hopedale, (Mass.), UnitarianChurch.Dr. Robert Blackwell Smith, Jr., PhD'41, was inaugurated fourth President ofthe Medical College of Virginia in Richmond.Lloyd A. Bimson, AB '41, is executivevice president of the Bank of Douglas,Phoenix, Ariz.*Jean Biha Matousek, (Mrs. M. J.),'42, is living in Park Ridge, 111.*Mary Edith Runyan, AB '42, AM '45,has been named Associate Professor andHead of the Department of Philosophyand Religion at Elmira College, Elmira,N. Y.Martin J. Berger, SB '43, SM '48, PhD'51, has had a paper entitled, "Penetration and Diffusion of Gamma Rays" published by the National Bureau of Standards. Heads Fields AwardsElma Phillipson, '38, has been appointed executive secretary of MarshallFields Awards, Inc., a non-profit organization to reward outstanding contributions to the well-being of children.Elma had previously been associatedirector of the National Legal Aid Association and had been associated withvarious federal welfare agencies and hadbeen a member of the staff of the Mid-century White House Conference onChildren and Youth, called by PresidentTruman in 1949. From 1951 to 1953 shewas executive secretary of the NationalMidcentury Committee for Children andYouth, organized to put in operation therecommendations of the White HouseConference.Edward A. Friend, AB '43, and RodricL. Robinson, AB '48, are law partnersin San Francisco.Robert A. Stierer, '43, and his wife,Mary Colley, '43, are living in Pontiac, Mich., where Bob is administrative assistant to the city manager.Kenneth S. Axelson, '44, a partner ofPeat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., certifiedpublic accountants, has been elected tothe board of trustees of the BaptistTheological Union, (the University's Divinity School). Kenneth is following theexample of his father, Charles, '06, along time member of the University'sBoard of Trustees.Steven A. Moszkowski, PhB '45, SB '46,SM '50, PhD '52, of Los Angeles, writesproudly of his new son, "A nice healthybaby with powerful lungs."Rabbi David Wolf Silverman, AB '46,AM '48, is busy with rabbinical duties inAurora, 111., but still manages to takecourses at the University.Carol Blumenthal Botkin, PhB '46, ofChicago, and her husband, Albert L.Botkin, are the parents of two children:Rose Ann, born April 13; and Abbey, twoyears old.Sarah Goodel Ewing, (Mrs. William K.),AB '46, was chairman of the alumni dinner in Louisville, Ky., given on November 28. Samuel Beck, Lecturer in theDepartment of Psychology was the principal speaker.Jacqueline Swanson Rice, (Mrs. ByronL.), AB '46, AM '47, writes that she, herhusband, and their three children arenow living in Highland, Ind.*Nina Kreloff, AB '46, (of Chicago),was married to Nels F. Kans.Norman Barker, Jr., SB '47, MBA '53,is assistant credit manager for the American Can Co., in Chicago. Barker's position was erroneously stated in lastmonth's issue of the Magazine.John G. Sevcik, MBA '47, has beenelected to the board of directors of Central National Bank in Chicago. Sevcikis a member of the Illinois and AmericanBar Associations, lay board of trustees ofDe Paul University, Rosary and St.Xavier Colleges, citizens board of theUniversity of Chicago, and the advisorycouncil of Chicago's School of Business.uniif i u" |nsurance T° 6sNlllAl ¦ PREMIUMS RETURNEDllU 11 ¦ IF YOU LIVE TO 65A BRAND NEW SUN UFE PLAN WHICH:1 I Provides life insurance protection to age 65.2 I Returns all basic annual premiums paid, plus dividends, if you live to 65.3 | Is available for male and female lives ages 15 to 50.At 65, the funds can be (a) taken in cash; (b) used to provide an annuity; (c) left on deposit at a guaranteedrate of interest; (d) used to purchase a paid-up policy for the original sum insured (without evidence ofinsurability on advance election) and the balance taken in cash or as a guaranteed income.Inquire now about this remarkable new Sun Life Plan. For further particulars seeyour local agent or write: Sun Lite Assurance Company of Canada, Box 5102Southfield Stn., Detroit 35, Michigan, or P.O. Box 2406, San Francisco, Calif.SUN LIFE OF CANADA36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDr. Robert Katzman, PhB '47, SB '49,SM '50, and his wife, Nancy Bernstein,AB '49, and their two sons, David, 6,and Daniel, 3, are living in New Yorkwhere Dr. Katzman is Chief ResidentNeurologist at the Columbia -Presbyterian Medical Center.*Dr. Eugene R. Later, SB '47, is practicing dentistry in Chicago. Later is alsoactive in his fraternity, Beta Theta Pi.Ruth B. Walker Smith, '47, notified usof the birth of her third son, Chris, onSeptember 30. Ruth's husband, Dr.James M. Smith, MD '49, is in his thirdyear of surgery residency at Crale V. A.Hospital in Cleveland.Thomas G. Woods, PhB '47, SB '49, isan Instructor in Military Science at Indiana University.Fania Z. Suess, AM '47, was awardedthe SM degree at the Summer convocation, of the University of Minnesota.*Elsbeth Levy, - '47, received an LLBdegree from the University of Marylandin 1952, and is now a lawyer in Baltimore.48-51Kenneth W. Thompson, AM '48, PhD'51, of the Rockefeller Foundation, returned from a trip to Europe this fall.While in New York Thompson visitedwith Quincy Wright, Professor Emeritusof Political Science, who is now working for the Carnegie Foundation.Henry H. Presler, PhD '48, is in Jabal-pur, India, ministering and teaching atLeonard Theological College.Myron Wilk, '48, is a special agent forthe Prudential Insurance Co., in NewYork.Tom Sternau, PhB '48, JD '51, is thefather of Cynthia Lois, born November12. The Sternaus live in New York City.Hans W. Mattick, AB '48, AM '56, isassistant warden at the Cook CountyJail, working under Cook County sher-rif, Joseph D. Lohman, '34. Mattickwrites, "I am always happy to meet thefriends of my school days at the University but I hope I do not meet any ofthem in my professional capacity."Helen Charlotte Tunik, AB '48, received a PhD in Semitic Languages andHistory from Radcliffe College.John Avery Bond, AM '48, wasawarded the PhD degree at the Summerconvocation of the University of Minnesota.J. E. Saveson, AM '48, and his wife,Marilyn Buehrer, PhB '46, AM '49, bothwere awarded PhD degrees from Cambridge University, Cambridge, England,and are now Assistant Professors of English at Valparaiso University, Valparaiso,Ind. A son, Skye, was born to themwhile they were in England.John M. Casey, '48, MBA '51, has accepted a position as personnel managerof the Standard Knapp Division of theEmhart Manufacturing Co., in Hartford,Conn.Harry E. Groves, JD '49, is Dean of theLaw School at Texas Southern University, Houston. Resigning as minister and executivesecretary of the Congregational Union ofCleveland, the Rev. Okey R. Swisher,AM '49, is a campaign director withCampaign Associates, Inc., Kansas City,Mo.Milan Carl Brenkus, AM '49, is in hisfirst year of study for the ministry of thePresbyterian church at McCormick Theological Seminary.William E. Doscher, AB '49, MBA '50,of Wilmette, 111., is market research manager for the Simoniz Corp., Chicago.Aryeh Blumberg, AB '49, AM '51, hasreturned to the University after threeyears in the Far East, two years in thearmy, and one year as a civilian. Nowin the Economics Department, Blumbergis writing a doctoral dissertation onChinese communist agricultural policies.Herbert Hibnick, AB '50, PhD '56, isliving in Elmwood Park, 111. and is employed by the Toni Corp.Bertrand N. Bauer, AB '50, MBA '56,is an operations trainee for the Chicago,Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad Co.,with headquarters in Chicago.Walter B. Schilling, AM '50, formerplanning director of Warren, O., has beenhired as chief planner of the City-CountyPlan Commission in Toledo. Schilling hadbeen a statistician with the Housing andRedevelopment Board in Chicago, and aplanning analyst for the Chicago LandClearance Commission.David M. Zemen, MBA '51, is officeand credit manager of the Eastern Division of Swank, Inc., located in Los Angeles.Marguerite C. Rand, PhD '51, Associate Professor of Foreign Languages andLiterature at the University of Maryland, has returned from a sabbaticalleave in Spain where she completed workon a book entitled Castilla en Azorin,published by Revista de Occidente, Madrid.Helen M. Perks, AM '51, is director ofChristian education for the First Presbyterian Church of Rapid City, S. D.Henry N. Sanborn, AM '51, has beenappointed to the faculty of the IllinoisInstitute of Technology as an Instructorin Economics.52-56A son, Stephen Gregory William, wasborn to the Rev. James R. LeVeque, AB'52, and Mrs. LeVeque. Jim, an Episcopal priest, has two parishes, one inDallas and one in Fort Worth, Texas.William Pennington, Jr., SM '52, is employed as a physicist for the Ramo-Wooldridge Corp., in Los Angeles.Private Michael A. Wyatt, AB '52, JD'55, is assigned* as a legal clerk at Headquarters Company, 79th Engineer Group,Fort Belvoir, Va.James McCarthy, AM '52, has beenappointed executive secretary of theInternational Institute in Toledo. Priorto accepting the position in Toledo, McCarthy spent two years as an adult probation officer with the First CircuitCourt of Hawaii with headquarters inHonolulu. GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating— Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186Webb-Linn Printing Co.Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of theUniversity of ChicagoMagazine?Louis S. Berlin, B.A. 09MOnroe 6-2900YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S ,A product -I Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-7400T. A. REHNQU1ST COf SidewalksFactory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433JANUARY, 1957 37CHICAGO ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING—LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Exacta-Bolex-Rollei-Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription store23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Wabash AvenueChicagoTheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake— FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur SpecialtyPOND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisLOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURES Promoted to Vice PresidentLeonard Kent, MBA '40, PhD '50, hasbeen appointed vice president of Need-ham, Louis, and Brorby, Inc., ChicagoAdvertising firm, and director of theagency's research department.Kent joined the agency in 1951 afterbeing ,on the staff of the University forfifteen -years.With Wroe Alderson he studied metropolitan areas in the U.S. and publishedhis findings under the title Major American Markets. He has also written anumber of articles, mainly dealing withthe statistical aspects of merchandisingand advertising procedures.Kent and his wife, Margaret A. TylerJulian, PhB '47, live in Chicago.ROBERT B. SHAPIRO, '33, FOUNDER Rabbi Milton H. Polin, AM '53, for thepast two years at the Mount Sinai Congregation, Cheyenne, Wyo., is now Rabbiat the Keneseth Israel Congregation inLouisville, Ky. Polin is a member ofthe Rabbinical Council of America andhas served on the Rocky Mountain regional advisory board of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith.Ronald Blum, AB '54, SB '55, SM '56,is working toward the PhD degree inphysics at the California Institute ofTechnology, Pasadena, Calif.Christopher Metelmann, SB '54, wasawarded the SM degree at the Summerconvocation of the University of Minnesota.Ensign William Harris Rosenthal, '54,a jet pilot for the U. S. Navy, recentlymade naval history of a minor sort. Arequest for critically needed items athis naval base sent Bill to Chicago wherehe purchased the necessary materiel.Filling a spare ammunition tank withthree foot kosher salamis and loaves ofrye bread, Bill flew back to his base atOceania, Va., in record time, and nowholds the distinction of originating thefirst supersonic delicatessen. Roy L. Prosterman, AB '54, a thirdyear student at Harvard Law School, hasbeen elected to the Harvard Law Review.Buford H. Junker, PhD '54, and hiswife, the former Gladys Wallcutt, '46, areresiding in Lexington, Ky., where Junkeris a Visiting Lecturer in Sociology atthe University of Kentucky.Robert Jordan Ross, AB '54, is thefather of a boy, Jordan Clements. Bobmarried the former Kathy Clements whilehe was stationed with the U.S. Army atCamp Gordon, Ga. He is attending DrewTheological Seminary, Madison, N. J.,preparing for the ministry.Fauzi M. Najjar, AM '50, PhD '54, wasappointed an Instructor in Social Scienceat Michigan State University. Beforejoining the M.S.U. staff he was an Instructor in Political Science at Chicago.The Rev. Schubert M. Ogden, DB '54,is teaching at the Perkins School ofTheology, Southern Methodist University, in Dallas, Tex. He is married to theformer Joyce E. Schwettman.Donald F. Petersen, PhD '54, has beenemployed by the University of California's Los Alamos Scientific Laboratoryas a physiologist in the health division.He was formerly an Instructor in Pharmacology at Chicago. Petersen is married and has a son, and is a member ofthe American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sigma XI, and theNew York Academy of Sciences.Private George W. Gross, AB '54, iscurrently taking basic training with the9th Infantry Division at Fort Carson,Colo.Richard D. Borgstadt, MBA '55, isliving in Braintree, Mass. Dick is abudget director for Westinghouse Corp.An economist for the U.S. Departmentof Agriculture, Marc L. Nerlove, '55, andhis wife, Mary Ellen Lieberman, '55, arenow living in Washington. Marc is theson of Samuel H. Nerlove, PhB '22, AM'23, Professor in the School of Business.Six alumni were employed by the University of California's Los Alamos National Laboratories during the past summer. They included: Neal Campbell, SM'55, Donald Ginsberg, AB '52, SB '55, SM'56, Robert Huff, SM '56, Norma Knudsen, SM '56, Myron Silbert, SM '56, andPeter Vandervoort, AB '54, SB '55, SM'56.Wilbur J. Ramey, MBA '55, is teachingat the School of Commerce and Finance,University of Seattle.Helen Wollack, AB '55, is working assecretary to Bill Swanberg, PhB '43, director of the western regional office ofthe Alumni .Association in San Francisco.Helen recently announced her engagement to Dick Power, JD '56.Dr. William McColl, MD '55, whoearned his medical degree while playing football with the Chicago Bears, hascompleted a year of residency at Stanford University Hospital, San Francisco,Calif.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJones Becomes Sales ExecRoland D. "Bill" Jones, MBA '55, hasbeen appointed general sales manager ofthe Automatic Transportation Co., a division of the Yale & Towne ManufacturingCo., of Chicago.He will direct a program to providemore specialized sales engineering services.Bill has had nearly twenty years ofsales and management experience andserved in various sales executive capacities, including assistant general salesmanager for Lewis-Shepard Products,Inc., manufacturers of industrial lifttrucks.Ensign John Thomas DeLeon, '55, wasawarded his wings as a naval aviatoron November 8. A week later, he wasmarried to Virginia Bickerstaff, '55, atBond Chapel on the campus.Franklin N. Karmatz, AM '56, and hiswife, Ramonda Jo Seeber Karmatz, '55,are living in Chicago. Ramonda is working in the modern languages readingroom on campus and Frank is an editorin the personnel department of SearsRoebuck.Francis D. Edes, MBA '56, of Concord,Mass., has been appointed assistant tothe vice-president and general managerof Raytheon Manufacturing Company'sreceiving and cathode ray tube operation. For the past three years he wasassistant secretary and assistant treasurer of Raytheon, with offices in Chicago. Edes will be located at the administrative headquarters for Raytheon inNewton, Mass.Dr. Jack P. Edelstein, MD '56, and hiswife, Marcia Swiren Edelstein, '54, arethe parents of a son, Mark David, bornSeptember 24. Dr. Edelstein is servinghis internship at Mount Sinai Hospitalin Miami Beach, Fla. He has just accepted a fellowship residency in pediatrics at the Mayo Foundation in Rochester, Minn., to begin in July. •-.aWTX-^WS***mn—sisP*for a vacation where it's warm...INTERESTING NEW SPORTWEARin our exclusive designs and coloringsWe have an outstanding selection of good-lookingitems for cruise and southern resort wear ... fromnew Odd Jackets of long staple cotton woven inEngland (shown) to our famous Brooksweave,®Dacron* and cotton sportwear . . . and our distinctivesport shirts and beachwear. All reflect our quality,individuality and good taste.Odd Jackets, jrom $22.50 • Odd Trousers, jrom $ 1 6Sfort Shirts, jrom $8.50 • Tee or Polo Shirts, jrom $4.50Our Bermuda Length Shorts, jrom $ 1 1"Du Pc-nt's liberElva Wolff Seideman, PhB '27, a retiredschool teacher and principal, died in October, in Sheboygan, Wis.Abraham I. Gans, PhB '31, died June29, in Oakland, Calif.John B. Woosley, PhD '31, Professorof Economics at the University of NorthCarolina, died January 21, in Chapel HillN. C.Stella L. Thumel, PhB '35, died October16, in Chicago.Gordon C. Petersen, '36, died at hishome in Mount Prospect, Illinois, on November 4. He was vice president incharge of manufacturing for the A. B.Dick Co. Gordon was a member of thevarsity football and basketball squads,a member of O. & S. and a Universitymarshal. He is survived by his wife andthree sons, Bartlett, Gordon, and Kirk.William M. McClintock, '38, of Denver, Colo., was killed in an automobileaccident August 17.Leon D. Cook, Jr., SB '40, of Oak Park,Mich., was killed in the Grand Canyonairplane accident, June 30.William O. Mally, '41, MBA '47, salesmanager of Container Corporation ofAmerica, was killed in an auto accidentin Florida on October 20. Bill was anenthusiastic alumnus and worked on theAlumni Foundation drive when he wasin Chicago. He lived in Jacksonville,Florida.Arthur S. Long, Jr., JD '47, died ofa heart attack on August 31. Long andhis family resided in Northbrook, 111.40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAAemorio/Jacob G. Harnaker, SB '99, died September 30, in Richmond, Va. He was 85years old.Alma de L. LeDuc, PhB '99, died July17 in Gary, Ind. Miss LeDuc had retiredtwo years ago as Professor of RomanceLanguages at Barnard College, ColumbiaUniversity, N. Y. She was honored bythe French government for her contribution to the teaching of French in theUnited States.Dr. Abraham Poska, MD '99, died June17, in Los Angeles, Calif.Katherine Griffith, PhB '02, teacher ofGerman at Baylor University, died August 17, In Waco, Tex.Dr. David P. Johnson, MD '02, of Chicago, died September 30.Robert S. Butler, '03, died October 25,in Des Moines, la.John W. Scott, PhD '04, died August15, in Laramie, Wyo.Faith Latimer, PhB, '05, died August7, in Claremont, Calif.Lillian Lindholm, PhB '05, a retiredschool teacher, died August 13, in Ottawa, 111.Dr. William J. Maroel, MD '05, of Chicago, died February 29.Dr. Henry Max Goettsch, PhD '06, diedOctober 25, in El Centro, Calif. Dr. Robert B. Hasner, SB '07, MD '08,died September 16, in Royal Oak, Mich.The Rev. Roy Henry Barrett, DB '09,a retired Baptist minister, died on November 4.Perry D. Trimble, '10, JD '12, of Princeton, Illinois, died November 4, 1956 atthe age of 68.Dr. Harley D. Newby, MD '11, diedNovember 1, in Rapid City, S. D.Richard L. Sandwick, '13, formerlysuperintendent of Deerfield -Shields HighSchool, Highland Park, 111., died November 6, in Winter Park, Fla., where hehad made his home for several years.Carl A. Birdsell, SB '17, president oftne Continental Illinois National Bankand Trust Co., died November 18, whileon vacation in Tucson, Ariz.Alvin N. Epstein, '18, died July 17, inChicago.Henry H. Rohn, '20, of Chicago, diedAugust 29.Jerome P. (Jerry) Neff, PhB '22, diedin Birmingham, Mich., on June 15. Hehad been in the publishing business forthe past fifteen years.Isabella O'Malia, PhB '23, died in November, in Chicago.Marion McDuffie Geohegan, AM '25, aCincinnati, O., school teacher, died October 14.John W. Peacock, '25, died October 17,in Park Ridge, 111.Madge M. McKinney, PhD '27, Professor of Political-Geography at HunterCollege, N. Y., died July 29.Plastics from the salt of the earthWith THE PAINSTAKING care of expert chef's, scientistscombine ingredients from salt and natural gas — cookthem in huge pressure cookers called autoclaves— andturn out amazing vinyl plastics.First to use the recipe over 25 years ago, thepiople of Union Carbide prepare millions of poundsof vinyl plastics each vear. They can be blended intomaterials that ignore scuffing . . . stay voung and flexible for years . . . thrive in sunlight or salt water . . .and shrug off liquids known for staining.As flexihle film, vinyls become decorative showercurtains, draperies, protective garment bags, or inflatable toys. Vinyls can be squeezed through a hole— liketoothpaste from a tube— to make insulation for wireand cable. Other forms produce wear-resistant flooring. durable upholstery, washable playing cards, unbreakable phonograph records. The list of useful productsgrows bigger all the time.With an eye to the future, the people of UnionCarbide are still pioneering in this fascinating field.The years to come will see more and better plastics serving in every American home.STUDENTS AND STUDENT ADVISERS: Learn more about careeropportunities with I nion Carbide in Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals,Casus, and Plastics. Write for "Products mid Processes" booklet.Union CarbideAND CAR BOX COR PORATTOY3 0 EAST I 2ND STREET [TJjj SEW Y () I! K 17. N Y.Iii Canada: Union Carbide Canada Limited, TorontoUCCs Trade-marked Products include Crag Agricultural Chemicals Prestone Anli-FreezeBAKELITE. VlNYLITE, and Krene Plastics Crag Agricultural Chemicals PRESTONE Anti-Freeze Union CarbidePREST-O-I.ITE Acetylene SYNTHETIC Organic. Chemicals ELECTROMET Alloys and Metals Haynes Stellite AlloysEveready Flashlights and Batteries LlNDE Oxygen Dynel Textile Fillers Union CARBIDE Silicones NATIONAL Carbons PYROFAX GasJUST FIVE MONTHS HENCEthe snows will have melted — chains ofcolored lights will dip above the Hutchinson Court fountain — the light-floodedGothic towers will echo the singing voicesof men marching to theForty-sixth annual Interfraternity SingSATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 8, 1957Owl & Serpent annual convention, June 5Order of the C game and dinner, June 6Class Reunion evening (ending in 7 and 2), June 7MARK YOUR MEMO PAD Alumni Day ending with the Sing, June 8