NOVEMBER 1956m f UNIVERSITYt % fa\r jp ¦¦¦¦¦; ¦ IN^l | AMERICA'S STUDENT LEADERSPage 5ALUMNI ASSOCIATION LUNCHEONClub Room, Art Institute of Chicago 12:15 P.M. $2.50Wednesday, November 7Sou MentschikoffProfessorial Lecturer, Law SchoolDirector of Arbitration ProjectIncreasingly, commercial disputes arebeing settled by arbitration, a subjudi-cial system of the business community.Miss Mentschikoff, first woman professorof law at Harvard and at Chicago, willdiscuss some findings of the milliondollar research project she directs.— — —MrV3H\ rBfekA Wednesday, December 5Walter L. HassDirector of AthleticsFormer football and track star at Minnesota, Hass spent the past ten yearsdeveloping a successful athletic programat Carleton College. He will discuss theplace of athletics in a liberal arts college program, outline some of his plansfor Chicago, and say a few words aboutthe future of "that game" on the Midway.The Alumni Association, 5733 University Ave., Chicago 37, III. Midway 3-0800, ext. 3241.I wish to order reservations for the luncheon November 7 reservations for the luncheon December 5I enclosed my check for $ ($2.50 ea.) Make checks: Alumni Association.Name: Address:Our far-flung officesIn the July Tower Topics we told youabout opening branch offices in NewYork and California.To head our California office, WilliamSwanberg, Executive Secretary of theAlumni Foundation, turned his desk overto Orlando Davidson, packed his stationwagon and a trailer with the householdheirlooms and drove south by west inJuly. He met the family in Menlo Park,Calif., their new home, and opened ourWestern Regional Office in Room 322, 717Market Street, San Francisco.(While Bill was looking for a secretarya young lady arrived at the new Swanberg home, September 25th: Ann, 8%pounds. Mother is Mary Hirschl Swanberg, '43, daughter of Jessie HeckmanHirschl, '10. Ann has a brother, Steve,4, and a sister Ellen, 2.)Meanwhile, our Bay Area alumni helda dessert and coffee party at the Claremont Hotel with a dozen potential students as guests. Philip Lawrence, '40,LLB '42, presided; Jack Frankel, '47, JD'50, East • Bay recruitment coordinator,was on the program, and Ralph Tyler,PhD '27, Director of the Center forAdvanced Study in Behavior Sciences atStanford University, spoke.Our Eastern Regional Office wasopened in mid-July by Clarence A. Peters, (see July Tower Topics), at 31 E.39th St., New York City; telephone Murray Hill 3-1518. Since then dinner meetings have been held with1. The Northern New Jersey studentrecruitment committee with HenryT. Sulcer, '33, JD '36, as chairman;2. The Westchester County recruitment committee with Robert Whitlow, '36, as chairman.Representatives from the dean's officeand the alumni office were present.Our Washington Club threw a going -Gilbert E. Dahlberg away party for new students leaving forChicago at the attractive Arlington homeof James R. Sharp, '32, JD '34. DwightCramer, AM '51, is coordinator of therecruitment committee.Other meetings in September:1. An all-alumni dinner at the Baltimore home of Thomas L. Karsten,'37, JD '39, and a new-studentparty at the home of Dr. LaurenceFinberg, '44, MD '46, coordinator ofthe recruitment committee;2. A new-student party at our NewYork regional office with 35 entering and 10 other Chicago studentspresent;3. A five-borough recruitment committee dinner at New York headquarters with Dr. Sidney E. Rolfe,'43, PhD '52, acting as chairman;4. A Nassau County recruitment committee dinner at the Garden CityHotel with David L. Fisher, '42, asacting chairman;5. A recruitment dinner in Philadelphia with Harold Laden, '27, chairman.Next month I'll have time and spaceto report on the Midwest central officeactivities.Two new staff membersJoining Alumni Headquarters to be incharge of Midwest programming outsidethe Chicago area is Robert L. Bothwell.From Ogden, (Utah), High School hewent to the University of California andto U.C.L.A. He earned his A.M. degreeat Chicago in 1950.The following five years he was withthe federal government in Samoa as ateacher working in adult education, establishing a broadcasting station, a newspaper, and introducing adult educationto the villages. He returned to Americato become director of public relations atShimer College. He organized an intensive public relations program for thelittle college, as well as a student recruitment and admissions program. Thisyear, Shimer's new student enrolmentRobert L. Bothwell jumped by 150 percent and the collegesuccessfully raised $75,000 in a three-month campaign. Bob joined our staffon September 1.Gilbert E. Dahlberg, '54, did graduatework in psychology until January, whenhe joined the staff of our special fundoffice to work on the big University campaign. He has been transferred from thefund department to the Alumni Officeto be Chicago area director of the Alumni Foundation.In College Gil was president of theInterfraternity Council, delegate to theNational Interfraternity Conference,president of Phi Delta Theta, an effectivemember of our Student-Alumni Committee, winner of an Alumni Achievement Medal and the Dean's Certificate,and active in other student affairs including the Glee Club and Cap & Gown.In the familyJudson Neff, formerly of the School ofBusiness faculty, is back on the thirdfloor of the Quadrangle Club after resigning his position in Pittsburgh (seeOctober MEMO PAD). Judson is on thestaff of Lee N. Blugerman, vice presidentin charge of manufacturing at the CraneCo.Three years ago Neff drove away fromthe Quadrangle Club in his giant Lincolnwhich had everything but a fog horn.He returned in a Chrysler which haseverything from air conditioning topower brakes.In his three years at Pittsburgh's University Club Jud was never able to raisea foursome for canasta, The QuadrangleClub, he claims, is the world's canastacenter and Jud is back in his glory freezing and giving the pack.Zens L. Smith, SM '32, (ProfessorEmeritus, Physical Sciences in the College), has retired to the home in WinterPark, Florida, which he purchased a decade ago in anticipation of his retirement.Actually, Zens didn't quite retire. He isvisiting Professor in Mathematics atRollins College in his new home town.Oscar T. Broneer, Professor of Classical Language and Literature, is backfrom the University's Greek digs. Hemust be uncovering important materialsfrom the way his eyes snap when hetalks about his findings. He will returnto Greece after remaining in residencelong enough to publish some of his material and to train students in his area.Judgment confirmedYou are a mind reader!I just received the October issue andthere was a reprint of "William RaineyHarper" by Milton Mayer — which Iseemed to have missed back there inJune, 1941. It is a very human andsympathetic story and well worth reading.I attended the Harper Centennialluncheon last June . . . and I just sort ofwished, without saying so out loud, thatyou would find space for an article ortwo on Mr. Harper. You did. Thankyou. R.F.H.W.M.NOVEMBER, 1956 1How many years ago did you graduate from college?That was the year that American introduced the DC»3, the plane that for morethan a decade, in peace and war was known as America's "Queen of Transport."That was the year American established the first "college" for airline crews atArdmore, Oklahoma, still the most important training school of its kind in the country.In these last five years alone, American Airlines, America's leading airline,has carried almost 30,000,000 passengers, more than in the previous 20 years combined.Throughout the years, college graduates have ledthe swing to modern air transportation because theyhave had the vision to see the countless opportunitiesand benefits that air travel makes possible.Today, in terms of both business and vacationtrips, these advantages are greater than ever onAmerican Airlines, America's leading airline.20 years15 years5 yearsAMERICANAIRUNES2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE[tlT|ttS [sssue661 ^on't worry. It's not an invasionDc from Northwestern," the Maroonstated breezily on August 24. The writerwas referring to the fact that the University was host for ten days to 900students from colleges in the U.S. andabroad, who flocked here for the ninthannual congress of the U.S. NationalStudents Association, the sixth annualconference of Student Body Presidents,and the second annual Conference onForeign Student Affairs.Dormitories were turned over to thedelegates, and Hutchinson Commons wasreserved for their use. They held committee meetings in Cobb Hall and plenarysessions in Mandel Hall. Ida Noyes Hallwas the center of activities, and it waskept open on a 24-hour-a-day basis fordelegates' use. (Plenary sessions oftenran into the small hours of the morning,after which caucusses were held in IdaNoyes. The more stalwart souls went onto parties after that.)When the last delegate had packed hisbermuda shorts and departed, and thelast piece of paper had been swept fromMandel Hall, University officials heaved asigh of relief. Everyone agreed, however,that the meeting had been a wholly successful one — the University had been impressed by the delegates, and the delegates had been impressed by the University. For a view of some of the week'shappenings, turn to Page 4.W^e've had some happy comments on™ Milton Mayer's biography of William Rainey Harper. The second part ofthree begins on Page 16, "Not an Ordinary Multi-Millionaire."W/"henever anyone gets around to handing out medals to commuters,(long-suffering souls whom we have always held to be worthy of some specialrecognition), John F. Dille, Jr.'s nameshould be somewhere near the top of thelist. For John's extraordinary commuting feat turn to "How Many Miles for aMaster's?" on Page 25.i^kuR jubilant alumni enrolment com-mittees were so pleased with theresults of their work that they gave aseries of parties as a send-off for newstudents embarking for the University.Details of some of the parties appear onPage 24.A new feature begins this month. OnPage 22 you will find an introduction to the Cabinet of the Alumni Association. In subsequent issues we will introduce you to the rest of the membersof this body, which determines policy forthe Alumni Association. /^^fc^/* ^ UNIVERSITYMAGAZINE t) NOVEMBER, 1956Volume 49, Number 2FEATURES416222425 America's Student LeadersNot An Ordinary Multi-MillionaireIntroducing the CabinetSend-Off Parties for New StudentsHow Many Miles for a Master's? Milton MayerDEPARTMENTSI Memo Pad3 In This Issue13 News of the Quadrangles26 Books29 Class News39 MemorialCOVERBruce Larkin, University of Chicago graduate student in the SocialSciences, addresses a plenary session of the U.S. National StudentsAssociation's ninth annual congress from the floor of Mandel Hall.For more details on the meeting, turn to Page 5. (Photo by MorionShapiro)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditorFELICIA ANTHENELLITHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORANRegional DirectorsROBERT L BOTHWELLCLARENCE A. PETERS (Midwestern)(Eastern)WILLIAM H. SWAN BERG (Western) The Alumni FundORLANDO R. DAVIDSONGILBERT E. DAHLBERGStudent RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAWPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University- Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.NOVEMBER, 1956 3HiH mo1 1^1 '$e5 &]P^ 1 -^feg-Y : ^^H **£f^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H wr1 ¦&&. fVf 'JfKfi!{BSHBH1 =^' i -i'-^f.W'V^ fy ¦'''¦¦ 3 •¦ ''¦¦*'" : ^L *> ; - ^H 1 1 **$'$ aEgM^^^f^Vj; iftMsii** i^ *-*'iTHE U. S. National Student Association, foundedten years ago in Mandel Hall, returned to theMidway for the first time since then for its ninthannual congress in August.This year's 900 delegates, representing 309 colleges and 600,000 students, proved to be as serious-minded and concerned with the problems of theirtime as the veterans who founded the organization.Like their predecessors, they expressed concernwith world problems. But they spent most of theirenergies discussing a host of practical problems theyface every day on campus.The four commissions and 32 sub-commissions considered such topics as student self -discipline, fair-wage programs, student health and insurance programs, problems of housing and parking, athleticprograms, student press, and student leadershiptraining programs.On the national scene, one of the chief concernswas integration. Remarked a delegate: "They've consulted everyone on this but the students."Delegates passed a resolution urging that integration be accomplished "at the swiftest possible pace,"everywhere in the country.They also:Swapped ideas on how to make students' voicesheard in planning college curricula, and in evaluatingcourses and professors;Considered the problems colleges face with swellingenrollments — such as housing, and seeing that theindividual's needs are not overlooked;Appointed a committee to approach railroad associations, to work out cheaper travel plans for students.Over 1,000 persons, including delegates, facultyand administration guests and observers attended thecongress.Among the most interested observers were a groupof foreign student leaders, who attended the congressunder a Ford Foundation grant. The Foundationhas been so impressed with U.S.N.S.A.'s work inleadership training that it made a grant of $128,000to enable students from Asia, Africa, the MiddleEast and Latin America to come to this country tolearn first-hand of the democratic institutions on theAmerican campus. After attending the congress,twelve foreign students will spend a year at American colleges. (Saburo Suzuki of Japan will be a student at Chicago this year.)Here's how U.S.N.S.A. came into being:Ten years ago, in August, 1946, 300 students from38 countries met in the then-free city of Prague,Delegate (left) outlines details of actual problem whicharose between student and administration, as collegedeans listen. Later, dean from the same college presented the administration's side of the case. Deans andstudents then considered the solution together. "The obligation of the privileged hasalways been service. How well are wepreparing ourselves to render that service?" asks one college student of hisfellows. Trying to find an answer areAmerica'sStudentLeadersNOVEMBER, 1956 DCzechoslovakia, at the invitation of the Czech andBritish national unions of students. This first WorldStudent Congress had the announced goal of increasing student welfare and international goodwillthrough developing closer relations among universitystudents of the world.The American delegation to this meeting was madeup of 25 students representing ten universities andnine national student organizations. They realizedthey could not speak officially for the American student community. It was then that the idea developedof forming a national organization in this countrywhich would be based on a democratic representationof student opinion, and would be non-partisan andnon-sectarian.During the Christmas holidays of 1946, 700 officialdelegates from 294 schools and 16 national studentorganizations and youth groups met for three daysat Mandel Hall. Out of that meeting came plans forU.S.N.S.A., which was formally set up in the summerof 1947, at a convention at the University of Wisconsin.N.S.A. decided at the outset that it wanted toreflect accurately and consistently the thinking ofstudents on member campuses. For this > reason itvoted to restrict membership to the democraticallyelected leaders of the student bodies in member colleges and universities.Although one of its primary interests is international student affairs, N.S.A. never officially affiliated withthe International Union of Students, which wasformed as a result of the Prague meeting of 1946.At the present time, the members of I. U.S. are allstudent groups behind the Iron Curtain, with twoexceptions, Japan and Ecuador. In 1950, U.S. N.S.A.joined with fifteen other national unions of studentsin the International Student Conference. This organization met in Ceylon in September for its sixthannual congress.N.S.A. maintains headquarters in Philadelphia. Sixnational officers are elected each year, a presidentand five vice presidents for: national affairs; international affairs; student government; student affairs;educational affairs. Four of these are full-time payingjobs; students take a year's leave of absence fromcampus to fill them.N.S.A. conducted a full-scale research study onstudent leadership last year under a $30,000 grantfrom the Ford Foundation.Among the observers was Hiralal Bose, YouthSecretary of India's Central Congress Party, (Nehru'sparty), who is on a tour of the U.S.After a few days at the convention he remarked:"I am terribly impressed by what I have seen, bythe quality of students and the discussions they carryon, but most of all, by their strict adherence to democratic procedure."6U.S.N.S.A.'s Ninth CongressDelegates meet in plenary session inMandel Hall. Placards designate different regional delegations. Signsbearing such proclamations as"hate,""virtue," "kindness," were take-offson national political party slogans.NOVEMBER, 1956 7Delegates had a hard time tearingthemselves away, even for meals.Jan Metros, co-chairman of the Illinois region, gives a word of adviceto members of the Chicago group.At 2:30 a.m., tempers began toflare. This delegate is ready to pop.(Photos by Morton ShapU.S.N.S.A.'s Ninth Congress ContinuedHot tempers, cool costumesDelegates cast their voteCounting the votes"Harriman" happilyaccepts nomination.Metre politan New York delegation livens thingsup by "nominating" Averell Harriman for presidency of N.S.A. Below, they hold demonstration.U.S.N.S.A.'s Ninth Congress ContinuedDelegates stage a mockcampaign— and a real oneAt 3 a.m., after plenary sessionbreaks up, Bruce Larkin, Chicagostudent, addresses regional meeting in Ida Noyes, in bid forpost of international affairs veep.Victorious Bruce is congratulatedby competitor who lost. He'll takea year off from school to fill post.11U.S.N.S.A.'s Ninth Congress ContinuedSleepy delegatesToo tired to stay awake,too fascinated to leave,delegates sprawl uncomfortably, sleep in seats. rwNEWS OF THEQUADRANGLESAN INFORMAL REPORTNOVEMBER, 1956 J4Tndia is neither slumbering nor indolent, nor is itX intellectually underdeveloped," F. Champion Ward,William Rainey Harper Professor of the Humanities andformer Dean of The College, told alumni at the first loopluncheon of the year on October 3 at the Art Institute.Ward, who served in India for twenty months as educational representative of the overseas division of theFord Foundation, talked about the role of the Americanconsultant abroad."One should not expect to implant American ideas inthe host culture without radical modifications," he said."The consultant should leave international policies tothe ambassador and should make modern progress without causing tension in the country."Ward told his audience that contrary to the commonbelief that there exists in India today a feeling of animosity towards the British people, Indians have adoptedGandhi's philosophy, "Hate the sin, but not the sinner."As a result, he said, "There is a remarkable fraternalfeeling between the two peoples."Runners Off To Winning SeasonThe Varsity Cross Country Team has already achievedtwo victories, in one of the earliest starts in its history.On September 22 University runners beat NorthernIllinois State University 26-32. Art Omohundro, ChuckRhyne, and Arne Richards placed one, two and three,respectively. On September 29 the team beat WesternIllinois State by a score of 24-31. Omohundro again tookfirst with a time of 15:37.5, a new course record.Governmental Affairs GrantThe University has been awarded a $200,000 Ford Foundation grant for research professorships in governmentalaffairs.The grant will enable the University to bring "distinguished political scientists" to campus for teachingand research assignments, said Chancellor Kimpton.Similar grants were made to Princeton and Yale.Behavioral Sciences FellowshipsFive University faculty members are among the 49scholars and scientists awarded fellowships at the Centerfor Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford,California. Granting of the fellowships for the academicyear 1956-57 was announced by Ralph W. Tyler, Directorof the Center.Recipients of the fellowships have been granted leavesof absences by their home institutions to spend the coming year at the Center on individual research and theexploration of new methods for the improvement of behavioral research and training.Fellows from the University of Chicago are CharlesMorris, Lecturer in Philosophy; A. K. Romney, AssistantProfessor of Anthropology; Theodore W. Schultz, Chairman of Economics and Charles L. Hutchinson Distinguished Service Professor of Economics; W. Allen Wallis,Dean of the School of Business, Professor of Business andEconomics and Professor and Chairman of the Committeeon Statistics; and Sherwood L. Washburn, Professor ofAnthropology.The Center was established in 1954 under a Ford Foundation grant to enable scholars to spend a year in thestudy of human behavior free from the administrativeduties accompanying normal residence in colleges or universities. Tyler, on leave of absence as Professor of Education at the University, has served as president anddirector of the Center since its founding.13Close Drexel AvenueThe Chicago City Council has votedto close Drexel Avenue, between 58thand 59th Streets, (the area betweenLying-in and Billings Hospitals), tothrough traffic. The Clinics had beenworking towards this end for sometime.Plans are being considered to putan archway at 58th Street and DrexelAvenue, which will designate it as ahospital area closed to general traffic.The archway will readily show thatit is a private entrance but will affordentry of cars to the ambulance driveas well as delivery trucks and cars toparking lots.More and more patients are beingbrought from Lying-in to Billings because of developments in medicaltechnology. For example, certain laboratory tests which are made in Billings would require too expensive duplication of equipment at Lying-in,and the use of Argonne X-ray therapyfor gynecology patients who are suffering from cancer necessitates thebringing of patients back and forthacross the street.Traffic using Drexel Avenue has become increasingly heavy and represents danger to both patients and personnel. It is hoped that a three-storybuilding will ultimately be builtacross Drexel Avenue connectingLying-in and Billings. This wouldpermit hospital traffic to go back andforth under shelter.University Purchases ApartmentsTo meet the increased enrollmentof married students, the Universityhas purchased four apartment buildings at 5416-18 and 5428-30 S. Woodlawn Avenue and 5417-19 and 5427-29S. University Avenue.The four buildings, each with 18apartments of four and five rooms,are a contiguous group. They arejoined by an open court running fromWoodlawn to University.Breul Named to S.S.A.Appointment of Frank R. Breul asAssistant Professor in the School ofSocial Service Administration hasbeen announced by Alton A. Linford,Dean of the School.Mr. Breul has been a member of thefaculty of the Graduate School ofSocial Work, University of Washington, Seattle, since 1951. He has alsoconducted research and served as aconsultant to the Washington StateLegislative Council and the Washington State Public Welfare agencies.Previously, Mr. Breul was a caseworker with the Division of Public Assistance of the Connecticut Department of Public Welfare and assistantto the director of the Community Advisory Center, Bridgeport, Connecticut.He holds the bachelor of arts degree from Amherst College (1938),the master of arts from the Universityof Chicago (1941) , and doctor of philosophy from McGill University(1951).Prize to SchlesingerDr. Herman I. Schlesinger, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, has beenawarded the Alfred Stock MemorialPrize by the Society of GermanChemists (Gessellschaft DeutcherChemikur). Dr. Schlesinger addressed the Society at a meeting inHamburg, Germany on September 21.Dr. Schlesinger, still active in research at the University, received theaward for his work on the boron compounds, a field first explored by Stock,a German chemist, beginning in 1912.Based on Stock's original research,Dr. Schlesinger 's work led to the development during World War II of asimple method of generating hydrogengas, which could be used in the fieldto fill meteorological balloons. Industrial applications of his work with theboron compounds have been in thesynthesis of Vitamin A and otherpharmaceutical products.Dr. Schlesinger's studies, still continuing, have also opened new andhighly classified areas of hydrogenchemistry of value in the developmentof rocket fuels.Dr. Schlesinger received his bachelor's and doctor's degrees from theUniversity. He was an active memberof its faculty for forty -one years untilhis retirement in 1948. A noted teacher, he was a pioneering investigatorin inorganic and physical chemistry,studying compounds of chromium andfluorine. During World War II, hewas an official investigator of volatileuranium compounds.B.A. Program ExpandedGeneral education at the Universityhas been extended into a new area,non-western civilization, in the jointbachelor of arts program adopted bythe College and Division of the SocialSciences.Courses of a year in length in thecivilizations of India, China, and Islamare being offered for the first time thisautumn.The new courses represent the major departure in the curriculumadopted by the College and the Division, which completes the broad re organization of undergraduate education initiated three years ago byChancellor Kimpton.Though offered primarily for students who will take the bachelor'sdegree in the social sciences, the newcourses will also be available to students in joint programs administeredby the College and the Humanities,Biological Sciences, and PhysicalSciences Division.The reorganized program for thosespecializing in the social sciences consists of three sections. One is in required courses of general education,which the University of Chicago pioneered in developing and emphasizing. The second is in elective generaleducation courses. The third is nineone-quarter courses, equivalent toone -fourth of the program, in specialized study of the social sciences.There will be no universal requirement that a student in the joint program take a course in non-westerncivilization. These courses are groupedwith two of long standing, "Historyof Western Civilization," and "History of American Civilization" andstudents concentrating in the socialsciences must qualify in two of thesethree areas.As with the other joint degree programs evolved at the University forthe bachelor's degree, that in the social sciences is specifically designedfor high school graduates. Early entrants in the College will have additional requirements to meet.Name New CoachesTwo appointments to the University's coaching staff have been madeby Walter L. Hass, new Director ofAthletics. A. Dale Bjorklund, graduate of Wisconsin State College, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, and the Universityof Michigan, who was an assistantcoach under Hass at Carleton Collegein 1953-55, has been appointed wrestling coach. Robert D. Kreidler, PennState graduate who won three lettersin gymnastics, has been appointedcoach of the gymnastics team. Heserved as a part-time coach in gymnastics at Chicago last year.New Clinics ChaplainThe Reverend Carl Wennerstrom,DB '52, became chaplain of the University of Chicago Clinics, effectiveJune 1.He succeeds the Reverend GrangerWestberg, who assumed a new professorship of religion and health at theUniversity on that date. The ReverendMr. Wennerstrom for the past twoyears had been dean of students at14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMeadville Theological Seminary, oneof the four theological schools whichcomprise the Federated TheologicalFaculty.As chaplain of the Clinics, Wennerstrom will also serve as an instructorin the field of clinical pastoral cardon the F.T.F.He received his AB from HiramCollege, Hiram, O., in 1949.Honor Professor TowleCharlotte Towle, Professor of Social Service Administration, has beenawarded the 1956 Fiorina LaskerSocial Work Award by the New YorkSchool of Social Work, ColumbiaUniversity.A member of the faculty since 1932,Miss Towle has served as educationaland casework consultant to the American Red Cross, the Bureau of PublicAssistance of the Social SecurityBoard, the U.S. Public Health Serviceand the Veteran's Administration.Landis Joins Campaign StaffFloyd J. Landis, AB '48, has beenappointed to the staff of George H.Watkins, vice-president in charge ofdevelopment. Landis will be assignedto the community renewal aspects ofthe campaign to raise $32.7 million,part of which is sought for conservation purposes in the University'sneighborhood.Landis is a member of Alpha DeltaPhi fraternity. He has been engagedin the real estate business in Chicago,and more recently in Los Angeles. Heis the son of the late Maxwell Landis,well-known Chicago attorney.Memorial for "Ajax"Memorial services for Dr. Anton J.Carlson, world famous biological scientist of the University, who diedSeptember 2, will be held at 2 P.M.Saturday, November 3, in Pathology117, auditorium of Billings Hospital,950 East 59th Street. ChancellorLawrence A. Kimpton; John O.Hutchens, Professor and Chairman ofthe Department of Physiology; andDr. Lester R. Dragstedt, Thomas D.Jones, Professor and Chiarman of theDepartment of Surgery, will be thespeakers. Dr. Dragstedt, former pupiland longtime friend of Dr. Carlson,will deliver the principal address.Graphic Arts OfferedA new program of evening coursesin publishing and graphic arts is being offered by University College, theDowntown Center of the University.A total of twenty courses in thefields of book and magazine publishing, advertising, printing, and graphicdesign will be given during the coming year. The Program in Publishing andGraphic Arts is directed by Ben Roth-blatt, University College staff memberand former Rand McNally & Co. bookeditor, who developed the courses incooperation with top authorities inChicago's publishing and graphic industries.Classes will meet at the DowntownCenter, 19 S. La Salle Street.Among the courses scheduled forthe autumn quarter are two beingoffered for the first time anywhere:The creative process in advertising;and catalogue design. Other autumnquarter courses include: printingprocesses; preparing art copy forgraphic reproduction; book editing:fundamentals; and magazine editing.Bi Sci PromotionsTen promotions in the Division ofthe Biological Sciences have been announced by R. Wendell Harrison,Vice-President and Dean of the Faculties.Of the ten promotions, four are tothe rank of full professor and six tothe rank of associate professor.Dr. Edith Potter, pathologist at theUniversity's Lying-in Hospital andDispensary, who is internationallyknown for her studies of the causesof infant deaths, has been namedProfessor of Pathology in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.Lester B. Skaggs, Director of theHealth Physics Service at the University, has been named Professor ofRadiology. In addition to research onmethods of protection of scientists exposed to radiation hazards, Skaggshas conducted extensive research onthe preservation of food through exposure to radiation.Kenneth P. Du Bois, Director ofthe United States Air Force RadiationLaboratory at the University, wasappointed Professor of Pharmacology.Du Bois' special field is the effect oftoxic chemicals and of X-ray exposure on animals and insects.Herbert D. Landahl, Secretary ofthe Committee on Mathematical Biology, has been named Professor ofMathematical Biology. Landahl specializes in the application of mathematical formulas to the physical andbiological sciences.The six faculty members promotedto the rank of associate professor are:Dr. Lloyd J. Roth, Associate Professor of Pharmacology and expert onthe use of radioactive tracers to studytissue disease; Dr. Charles P. McCartney, Associate Professor of Obstetricsand Gynecology; Dr. Theodore N.Pullman, Associate Professor of Medicine; Dr. David W. Talmage, Associate Professor of Medicine; Dr. Wil liam R. Barclay, Associate Professorof Medicine; and Dr. David J. Loch-man, Associate Professor of Radiology.Dr. Kraybill DiesDr. Henry Reist Kraybill, 65, Director of the Department of ScientificResearch of the American Meat Institute and Professorial Lecturer in theDepartment of Biochemistry, diedSeptember 30 at Billings Hospital. Hehad been ill for several months.During his professional career ofmore than 40 years as a researchscientist, teacher and administrator,Dr. Kraybill made scientific contributions of major significance in bothplant and animal fields and in the development of biochemical science. Hewas responsible for the organizationof departments of agricultural chemistry and development of a teachingcurriculum for these departments atboth the University of New Hampshire and Purdue University.Dr. Kraybill's death occurred at theapparent zenith of public recognitionof his professional accomplishments.Purdue University on June 3 conferred on him an honorary degree ofDoctor of Science "in recognition ofhis devoted service to this (Purdue)University and for his distinctiveachievements as a scientist, teacherand administrator whose contributions to biochemistry, plant production and food processing have advanced the science of agriculture,resulting in benefits to all people."Just prior to his death, he receivednotification that he had been designated as the recipient of the 1956Dodge & Olcott Award in recognitionof scientific accomplishments of outstanding and lasting significance inconnection with the processing ofmeat and meat products. This awardwas bestowed in specific recognitionof development by Dr. Kraybill andhis associates at the American MeatInstitute Foundation, research organization affiliated with the University, oftwo food-grade antioxidants capable,first, of forestalling developmentof rancidity in lard and other meatfats and, second, of providing "carry-through" protection against rancidityto foods made with meat fats. TheDodge & Olcott Award was acceptedin Dr. Kraybill's behalf by an associate during presentation ceremoniesheld October 1 during the 50th anniversary meeting of the American MeatInstitute in Chicago.Dr. Kraybill received his S.B. inagricultural chemistry at Pennsylvania State College in 1913, his S.M. in1915 and his Ph.D. in 1917, both fromthe University.NOVEMBER, 1956 15UNFRENZIED FINANCE.To have the university he wanted, Harperwould have to find a multi-millionaire and By Milton MayerPart TwoNot an ordinarymulti-millionaireThe Lord would provide hut could not he hurried.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/vMERICAN education had beenspreading since the Civil War, but ithad not been improving. There wereexceptions — Harvard under Eliot, forinstance— but they did not impressthe country. As for graduate research,it was almost non-existent. Harper'sfar-flung contacts, at Chautauqua, athis summer schools, had shown himthe picture. His insight had shownhim the need.What American education neededwas an institution new enough to pioneer and strong enough to set thepace that the rest would follow. Thetask of such an institution would notbe to teach but to learn. It would takeas its province not the daylight ofhuman understanding but the darkness, hacking away at the night ofthe unknown until at last it hadhacked a hole big enough for mankind to pass through into a bettersociety. Civilization might spreadwith the spread of old truths, but itcould advance only with the discovery of new.The business of this university,then, would be discovery and thetraining of discoverers. Every instructor would be an investigator, for,said Harper, "it is only the man whohas made investigations who mayteach others to investigate." The mento be called to the faculty of such aninstitution would have to be originalminds, and, like all men consumed bythe peculiar passion of originality,they would have to have a world oftheir own to live in, a world whoselimits would be the farthest reachesof man's inquiry.Civilize the adolescentThe students of the universitywould not be boys and girls but mature men and women, candidates forthe world of scholarship. HenryPhilip Tappan had had the same ideawhen he became the first Presidentof the University of Michigan in 1852and announced that Michigan was notto be "a preparatory school for boys."But Tappan, denounced for trying to"Prussianize" the state of Michiganthrough its University, had to abandon his dream, and Ann Arbor, afterhe left, had become another greatcollege. It could not be done, apparently, in a state university, which hadto give the taxpayers what theywanted when they wanted it. Anendowed university was the onlyhope.This university of Harper's wouldcontain a college, and even a secondary and elementary school. But theywould exist for the sake of the university, not the university for the sake of them. They would be laboratories, nothing more, for experimentation in education. So, too, with professional schools, Divinity, Law, andMedicine. They would not exist primarily for the preparation ot lawyers,doctors, and preachers, but for thepurpose of discovery and the trainingof discoverers in each field.College life, meaning fraternities,football, and fun, would be permittedto exist only insofar as it did notinterfere with the purposes of theuniversity. Harper knew from grueling personal ' experience, how nearlyimpossible it was for a man to be atonce a scholar and a teacher, to givehimself up to research and at thesame time civilize the adolescenthomo sapiens ferus. He knew, too,how nearly impossible it was for aninstitution to pursue the truth fearlessly and at the same time to tackand shape its policy to increase enrollment and compete with other institutions.No visions with a capital VThe work of Harper's universitywould be primarily theoretical, notpractical. In Science, it would lay thegroundwork for discoveries of generaluse. In Education, it would give thecountry new methods and produce asteady stream of teachers to introducethose methods into the schools andcolleges in which they would teach.In the professions, his universitywould find out how to produce betterpractitioners so that the professionalschools could produce them. Harper'suniversity would water the tree ofknowledge at the roots.William Rainey Harper didn't sitaround having Visions with a capitalV. A conversation, a lecture, or thereading of a book would produce asegment of the university to be, andthe segment would lodge itself, unordered, in the things - to - be - donecompartment of his mind. As the segments piled up, over the years, in thethings-to-be-done compartment, theybegan to crowd the things-being-donecompartment. Then the universityhad to be created, to make room forthem.Harper did not create the university idea. In 1886 the University ofBerlin had five thousand students,all of them post-graduate in theAmerican college sense. Oxford andCambridge had twenty-five hundredto three thousand students each. ButAmerica was busy with more urgentmatters than new truth. It was satisfied with Harvard, a college only, afew of whose faculty and studentswere engaged in real university work. In 1876 Johns Hopkins was established with Daniel Coit Gilman asPresident. Hopkins was devoted toresearch, but it was a small institution. In 1888 G. Stanley Hall leftHopkins to be the first President ofClark University. Hall, too, tried tocreate an institution for advancedwork, but the founder of Clarkwanted a college, and the founderfinally had his way. While Harperwas still at Morgan Park, Seth Lowwas trying to persuade ColumbiaCollege to transform itself into a university, and Timothy Dwight was doing the same thing at Yale.Harper's slowly shaping visionwasn't so much original as it was audacious. To have the university hewanted he would have to find, not amillionaire but a multi-millionaire,and not an ordinary multi-millionaireeither, but one who could be sold anidea completely remote from American thinking on education and philanthropy. As to who would do theselling, once this Heaven-sent Midaswas found, there was never any doubtin Harper's mind. Willie Harpercould sell anybody anything. Norwas there any doubt that Heavenwould send the Midas, for Harper'sfaith, like his vision, was audacious.God would provide, but He couldnot be hurried. Harper was beingdeluged by letters from friends atYale, begging him to take the professorship of Semitic languages there.His future, they told him, lay notin a small seminary in Chicago butin a great college in the cultural center of the country. Harper thoughtthat his future lay in a great university in Chicago. President Dwightwas sending him telegrams now andrailroad tickets to New Haven. Harper thought it over and decided,finally, that the shortest way fromMorgan Park to Chicago was via NewHaven. He accepted the post at Yale.He was twenty -nine years old.All the Harper they could getIt wasn't a man but a caravan thatmoved across the country from Morgan Park the summer of 1886. Theheadquarters of the correspondenceschool, of the summer schools of Hebrew, of Chautauqua, of the AmericanInstitute of Hebrew, and of twolearned journals all had to be carried away, together with all the assistants and equipment involved. Itwas certainly the first time that anyAmerican railroad had ever shippeda complete composing room of Hebrew type. Moving Harper to Yalerequired the whole summer, andhousing him, when he got there, re-NOVEMBER, 1956 17quired a three - story building indowntown New Haven.What had happened at Denison andat Morgan Park happened all overagain, only on a larger scale Thewhole Divinity School at Yale, traditionally hardened against Hebrew,caught his enthusiasm. Students discovered that after a year in Hebrewwith Harper, they knew the languagebetter than they knew any other language after six years with any otherteacher. He was asked to give seminars in Assyrian, Arabic, Aramaic,Chaldee, Sanskrit, and Syriac, and thedivinity students, who scarcely needed the command of these exotictongues for success in the ministry,piled into his classes. They wanted allthe Harper they could get.But the linguist's major interestnow was in teaching the "good littlebook" of his childhood. He offeredcourses in the English Bible to undergraduates, and before long the entireundergraduate body was absorbed inthe historical study of the Prophets,an approach that would have beendecidedly unorthodox in any Baptistinstitution. In the hands of this warmand simple man, the Bible came tolife. In his second year at Yale, theadministration had to turn over thelargest assembly hall in the University for his undergraduate lectures.He gave a series of Bible lecturesin downtown New Haven, and twelvehundred townspeople attended them.He was called to New York, to Philadelphia, and to Boston to repeatthem. Every other Sunday he lectured before the entire student bodyof Vassar, and special lectures tookhim to colleges everywhere. The manwas hungry, and his hunger fed onthe feeding of others.Sleep had to payHe was probably one of the busiestmen in America. His daily mail waslarger than Yale University's. Hecouldn't carry the burden, but hewouldn't lay it down. There was onlyone alternative. Carefully pickingmen like Frank Knight Sanders, whowas later Dean of the Yale DivinitySchool, he established a managing assistant for each of his enterprises.Once he had chosen a man, the manwas given complete responsibility fordetails. "If you get into trouble,"said Harper to Sanders, "let meknow." That was the way John D.Rockefeller was operating, in a somewhat different line of business.But there was one thing he couldnot delegate to others, and that wasthe fire he infused into everything he touched. He neither could, nor would.Except for routine details in each ofhis ventures, he did everything himself. His schedule took him to hisfirst class at 7:30 in the morning. Hetaught until 11:00, and went to hisoffice to work on his mail, discussperhaps a dozen matters with each ofhis five assistants, and drink a quartof eggnog at his desk. Catching the1:00 o'clock train to New York orBoston, he would deliver a lecture inthe afternoon and another in the evening. The midnight train took himback to New Haven and his study.Professor T. D. Seymour, the fatherof a future president of Yale, invariably awakened at four in themorning and went to his study, justas invariably encountering Harperleaving his.He seldom' slept when other mendid. But when other men were awakeand discussing matters of routine thatdidn't interest him, he would saysomething to indicate that he was attentive, go to sleep the next instant,and awaken five minues later and resume the discussion. He could anticipate a profitless period of a conferenceand put himself to sleep for its duration. It was hard to take offense whenhe did it, because he never lost thethread of the conversation. "He couldlisten and sleep," said one of his Yaleassociates, "at the same time."The midnight hours were all he hadfor study, for writing, for reading,and for friends. A student or younginstructor, unable to solve some personal or scholarly problem, would getup in the middle of the night andwalk over to the darkened campus.One light would be shining, from thecorner study of North College. Irresistibly the single beam of light drewthe troubled spirit down its path toHarper's study. And no matter howdeeply engrossed in his work the professor might have been a moment before, he seemed to have nothingwhatever to do but listen to his visitorand consider his problem. Harpercouldn't bring himself to refuse thoseinterviews.But they had to be paid for, andsleep had to pay for them. No matterhow near the dawn it was or howweary the man, classes had to be prepared. The student might be forgivenfor coming to class unprepared, theteacher never.Scholarship, too, had to be crowdedinto the night. During his two yearsat Yale he wrote a textbook on Hebrew and another on Greek, he editeda series of volumes on the inductivemethod of teaching Latin and Greek,he wrote articles for learned journals and regular reports on his variousenterprises, and he carried on a running disputation in Hebraica on theMosaic authorship of the Pentateuch,taking the liberal position against thetraditional position of his eminentopponent, Dr. W. Henry Green ofPrinceton.Sleep had to pay for it all, but Harper had ultimately to settle his account with sleep. He was a heavy,muscular man, but nobody cculd withstand indefinitely the abuse of drivingwork, erratic hours, and a diet ofhurried mouthfuls broken occasionally by an oyster feast. His darkround face had no ruddiness in it. Asa boy of fifteen he had what wasknown in New Concord as a "badspell," so bad, indeed, that SamuelHarper wrote in his diary one day:I fear Willie will not be long with us.There was something wrong withwhat New Concord called his stomach.The "perfect rest"The summer of 1889 was the hardest-worked of his life. ' "We have hada most glorious season at Chautauqua," he wrote his friend Goodspeed."The increase in every department isover forty per cent. We do not knowwhat we are to do with the peoplewho are to come in this week andnext." His pallor was darker, his stepswere slower, his weariness neverlifted, but the summer was "glorious."Then he broke down. Ella Harper wasworried, but her husband told herhe was just tired. He decided to goto Europe for a month of "perfectrest," but when he went, he foundhimself, accidentally of course, inStockholm where the InternationalCongress of Orientalists was meeting.There was one project that wasn'tpressing. That was the university.Goodspeed and Strong had weakenedthemselves, he thought, by addingtheir names to the long, long list ofpetitioners who came to John D.Rockefeller wanting something. Theydidn't want anything for themselves,it was true, but they wanted something from Rockefeller. They harassedhim. The Oil King wanted to be letalone; perhaps he even wanted somebody he could go to, somebody whowanted to listen instead of talk.William Rainey Harper was an impatient man, impatient to spread education everywhere, impatient to discover and to see discovery done. Buthe was not impulsive. He could wait,as long as he knew that success wasinevitable. And though he had neverexchanged a word with Rockefeller,he knew that success was inevitable.He knew, too, that he wanted his uni-18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEversity in Chicago, in the roaring capital of the great uncultivated middleempire of America. An idea that defied tradition belonged in a place thatdefied tradition. He predicted, in1887, that a university in Chicago"would in ten years have more students, if rightly conducted, than Yaleor Harvard has today." The prediction seemed fantastic. And so itproved. It was fantastically modest.Rockefeller spent the summer of1887 in Europe with Dr. Strong andwhen they returned it appeared thatStrong was on the very verge of victory. But the theologian made a fatalmistake. Rockefeller had talked agreat deal about Harper that summerin Europe, and as soon as they gotback Strong visited Harper and wroteto Rockefeller: "My dear Mr. Rockefeller, if we let that man get out ofour hands, it will be the greatest lossour denomination has sustained during this century."Rockefeller had heard about thatman long enough. He wanted to seehim. He wrote him at New Haven,asking him to spend the day with himin New York. The friendless OilKing and the friendly little professorhad lunch together. Rockefellertalked. Rockefeller suggested theyspend the afternoon riding in thepark. Harper's time was, by his ownestimate, worth a dollar an hour;Rockefeller was getting rich. Rockefeller suggested, at the end of theafternoon, that Harper come to thehouse for the evening. Rockefellertalked. He talked and talked. Hetalked as if he had never had a chanceto talk before, and perhaps he hadn't.Harper listened and smiled and answered questions.Rockefeller wanted to know allabout him, about his life, his work,and his family. As the evening woreon, the lonely capitalist, drawn on byhis attentive companion, found himself talking about Strong's plan forNew York. Harper smiled and nodded. Rockefeller described the projectin intimate detail and said he wasthinking of putting eight or ten million dollars into it. Harper smiled and .nodded. Then he said he wanted Harper to be its president. Harped smiled.It was very flattering, Harper said. Itwould be a great opportunity. Buthe didn't nod. He changed the subject, absent-mindedly, and talkedabout Goodspeed and Northrup andthe Seminary in Morgan Park. Thenhe went back to New Haven.A year passed, and Rockefeller,watching everything he touched turnto gold, resisted the petitioners, Eastand West. William Rainey Harper The president's house, designedby Henry Ives Cobb, was builtin 1895. Remodelled, it is currently occupied by the Kimptons._,Hi ^RAOUftH SO-JO JvLlk^t,Till U(ii>Chicago M»r=*i s. i&94-My dear Dr. Hulbert:In sanding communications of one V ind andanother to persons connected with the University, stenographersand clerks are using envelopes. This is an expensive luxury;there is no rfiiiuoti why the message should not he written; o slip Qi paper and mailed m the Faculty Exchange withou| an envelope. The number of envelopes used in the vario\ offices is something startling. Will you give orders in yI office that except in rare cases the use of envelopes he here-| after discontinued? .^;.nurs very truly. your, /r<-t<a> ,,/( t *M • ¦<¦> v, _U^_ Ur^ &* ffiz 4^ LrC^ n^^u^,:io k *u W^f^*** *** > ^ ^ ^ ' ¦Pinching pennies, Harper wrotethis letter to Dr. Eri B. Hulbert,first Dean of the Divinity School,who replied: "For a long timeenvelopes have not been usedfrom this office except when matters wh[ich] ought not to comeunder the public eye, as in theMoncrief-Johnson case, have beenenclosed."NOVEMBER, 1956went on about his work in NewHaven, saying nothing. His apparentindifference may have irritated Rockefeller; it certainly must have fascinated him. Early in October of 1888the capitalist appeared at Vassar afterHarper's Sunday morning lecture,and the fourteen-hour interview ensued. Rockefeller talked. Harper listened. Much of what he heard, he'dheard before. But as they took thetrain to New York together that night,Rockefeller began to talk about Chicago. "He talked for hours in reference to the scheme for establishingthe great university of Chicago instead of New York," Harper wroteGoodspeed the following day. "Thelong and short of it is I feel confidentthat his mind has turned. He standsready after the holidays to do something for Chicago. It will have to bemanaged, however, very carefully."It was already being managed verycarefully. Sensing that the strategicmoment had come at last, Harper, hisenthusiasm at flood stage, opened thedam. He didn't, however, make Strongor Goodspeed's mistake of trying tosweep the man off his feet. He letRockefeller advance the argumentsfor Chicago, he himself merely testifying to their validity. His role wasthat of the disinterested expert.Rockefeller turned up again at Vassar and spent the day with Harper."He is practically committed to thething," Harper wrote Goodspeed. Aweek later Rockefeller went to Cornell to ask the advice of educatorsthere and found himself listening toProf. E. Benjamin Andrews, the sameE. Benjamin Andrews who, as President of Denison University severalyears before, had decided that WillHarper was the most promising youngman he had ever seen. The followingweek the capitalist appeared in NewHaven, inquiring the way to Professor Harper's study."It is absolutely certain that thething is to be done," Harper wroteGoodspeed. "It is now only a questionas to what scale. I have every timeclaimed that nothing less than fourmillions would be satisfactory to begin with, and have expressed mydesire for five. Just what he wantsto do and what his definite ideas areI cannot yet tell. . . "Rockefeller did not pretend to bean educator or to know what theneeds of education were. Harper hadthe ideas. The industrialist wanted tohear the objections to Harper's ideas.But there were no objections. President Taylor of Vassar was for it. Professor Andrews was for it. ProfessorRobinson of Cornell was for it. Rocke feller asked them if it wouldn't bebetter to place the institution inWashington, if it wouldn't be betterto assist existing colleges, if itwouldn't be better to build a Seminary.They thought it would be better tobuild the University of Chicago, andto build it around Harper.Only Dr. Strong dissented and hisdissent was violent. He wrote Harperthat "the chance is open to us to takepossession of New York, and to leadthe march of education on this continent." Harper's idea of "a mongrelinstitution in Chicago, which is neither fish, flesh, nor fowl, neither University 5 College, nor Academy, butall three combined," would not create"a ripple on the surface of our educational ocean."But Strong was not nearly so horrified at the location or organizationof the proposed institution as he wasat its fundamental character. It wasto he non-sectarian.Profoundly religious men like President White of Cornell had long maintained that the sectarian spirit wasthe worst enemy of higher education.Denominational intolerance went allthe way back to the ousting of thelearned Henry Dunster, first presidentof Harvard College. Harper had nostomach for witch-burning. He hadadvised Rockefeller to separate Theology from the other departments ofthe new university and to follow theliberal tradition of indifference to theorthodoxy of the teachers. Rockefeller had no choice but to accept thisadvice if he wanted Harper. Whatwas more, Rockefeller could not seewhat difference it made. But to Strongit made a difference little short ofheresy.Seeing his dream slipping hopelessly away, the fervid theologianplayed his last card, in what musthave been the hope of discreditingChicago by discrediting Harper.Strong's daughter, a student at Vas-sar, was attending Harper's lecturesthere and taking notes. Strong, atrustee of the school, studied thegirl's notes and decided that Harperwas in fact a heretic. He wrote Harper that he was unwilling, as a parentand a trustee of Vassar, "to have theunsuspecting child under the influence of this teaching." He wroteRockefeller, who was also a trusteeof Vassar, that Harper had "departedfrom the sound faith" and was plainlya dangerous man.Though Harper refused to answerthe attack, it discouraged him completely. He was, he said, "ready topull out of the whole concern." Hehad his moods, less frequently, per haps, than most men, but more possessive. He could be stiff-necked. Hewould not defend his integrity. Hecertainly would not oppose Strong,a fanatic, with Rockefeller, a layman,as judge between them. PresidentTaylor, who had heard all the Vassarlectures, defended Harper to Rockefeller. President Northrup of MorganPark wrote the capitalist that Harperwas "the most remarkable young manin the religious history of our countryin this century." Rockefeller hadnever really believed Strong's charges.He had believed, however, that theaffair might bring about an open andruinous schism in the Baptist Church.Now he was satisfied that the denomination was behind Harper.A few weeks later, Strong surrendered at last, retracted his charges.Then Rockefeller sought an interviewwith Harper and discussed Chicago,this time in definite detail. Harperreported, as usual to Goodspeed. "Heis certainly planning to do somethingfor Chicago. . . He will decide soon. . .He is more tired than ever of Strong,and the New York plan is N. G."While Strong's unhappy effortswere delaying Rockefeller's decision,a new and powerful figure was pressing it. The Rev. Frederick T. Gateshad been appointed Executive Secretary of the American Baptist Education Society, which was organized in1888 to canvass the educational needsof the denomination. Gates is one ofthose amazing individuals who sometimes slip through the historians' fingers. He was not a preacher at all,but a go-getter, sidetracked, temporarily, in a pulpit in Minneapolis. Hewas a business man's businessman,superlatively sharp and cynical. Hehad been watching Harper for a longtime, and he was convinced that Chicago was the place for Rockefeller'sgreat contribution to Baptist education.At a ministers' conference in October, 1888, Gates read a paper entitled,A New University in Chicago, A Denominational Necessity, as Illustrated by a Study of Western BaptistCollegiate Education. "The brethrenwere 'all torn up' over it," the realisticDr. Gates wrote in describing thereception of his paper. "They wereastonished, astounded, confounded,amazed, bewildered, over-whelmed."And they were, in Chicago, in Washington, in Boston. And one of thebrethren, the brother who was thehardest of all to astonish and astound,found a copy of it on his desk at 26Broadway, New York. He read it andsent for Gates.(To be concluded next month)20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETwo pages from Harper's "red books."His vigorous approach to the administration of the University and his own scholarship can best be seen in these volumes.They were a combination appointmentbook, diary, note-book, and "idea" book,where he would hurriedly write memorandato himself. These show "a plan for university officers & Deans," and a typicalday's listing of "important matters." o£&. £~~j ¦ - l^~~r . 0V*<^ . .. 'tc**~l K »- »«~ .v.v'-c X"*.v»^~- r/t.^_, ^^.,Aft**/ *L*^*tf^ C~r+**^&*?*-Jj -*/ ¦-$$> CjJ~^*-^^*~^, ;'aw.*O^S£.*<-T aU*^/^.^bS-M^t^RtKkmJ:3(S S*~*~^~i*- ftiff/ &»w ¦ f.Mr. Field keeps a promise.//Lj/*,// &/,/( 7r'>nbrmjt iter atth'M ¦«r? . T. «»«, Cor. See.Pe.r *lr!"S.t i. f ted that th. condition. *tt«had te th« mil pJ«H« of W.JohnD. »o«,x.f.n.r to »tY. »»«0,00<l .. OTdowaMntfor ¦ n« ln«tltixtl<m of loomlnc to ho !.•««»•«la thi. elty hmro boon falfllUd, I t»ko «ro»«plooouro In nottfytnn r«» th«* I •» »r«>»r««to ••wy out my oef»onont of January ft«nd,lB» rUt a otto for tho no» taotltatioa ona tofBWUB ftirthor l«na oa th. toraa «o«oo»o«.In ,*mm otth oil oituono or thio oitr. I •»-p-aoioto tho olandid honafaotion of «r.«a««»-follor to ehteaas. J oonaratalato tho peopi.Of thto git! on« th. oatlro loot on tho atuooosaghlarai, ana with all frlanda of flpB> oultur. 1 rojoloo that another noble lnotitu-tlon of hirher learning lo to ho rounded, anafounded in the h»oi-t of tho Continent.Touro .ory truly.9 Q .INTRODUCINGTHECABINETOF THEALUMNIASSOCIATIONTHE FIRST OF A SERIESChester W. Laing, (top), PhB '22, is president of the Alumni Association, and haalso served as chairman of the AlumnFoundation. He is president of JohiNuveen & Co., (municipal bonds firm)Russell Ballard, (below), '22, (S.S.A.), idirector of Hull House. His sons John'47, and Bill, '48, and their wives, KatiWillis, '49, and Pat Wandell, '48, AM '5Care also alumni of the University.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE•*Arthur A. Baer, '18, (College), a Phi BetaKappa, is president of Beverly State Savings Bank in Chicago. He has held everyimportant alumni association post, including president and chairman of the foundation. Received an alumni citation in 1945. Frances Powell, '36, (Nursing Education),s director of the Cook County School ofSfursing and Nursing Service. AwardedBishop Medal in 1955 by Miami University(Ohio) for her service to the community.Ray E. Brown, MBA, '45, (Business), issuperintendent of the U. of C. Clinics,Professor and Director of the HospitalAdministration Program, School of Business. Member of Phi Beta Kappa, BetaGamma Sigma. His daughter Margaret isa freshman in the College. Leverett S. Lyon, PhB '10, AM '19, PhD'21, (PhD's), is executive committee chairman of the Chicago Association of Commerce & Industry, has piled up an impressive civic record, written several books.Sons David and Richard, daughter-in-lawBarbara Kennedy, are also Chicago alumni.THE RULING BODY OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION IS THE CABINET.ELEVEN DIVISIONS ARE REPRESENTED: 1. THE COLLEGE;2. SCHOOL OF BUSINESS; 3. LAW SCHOOL; 4. SCHOOL OFMEDICINE; 5. EDUCATION; 6. DOCTORS OF. PHILOSOPHY;7. LIBRARY; 8. RELIGION; 9. SOCIAL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION;10. NURSING EDUCATION; 11. HOME ECONOMICS.NOVEMBER, 1956Freshmen from San Francisco,New York, Washington, Pittsburgh, among those honored atSend-off PartiesFor New StudentsEntering students were honored atparties in several cities beforedeparting for Chicago.The New' York City Chicago Clubheld a party for new students on September 18. Thirty-seven enteringstudents attended the affair, whichwas held in the library of the ChicagoClub. They were greeted by twelvepresent University students, headedby Lewis Lipsitz and Louis Gross ofBrooklyn.Jerry Jontry, '33, president of theNew York Club; Henry T. Sulcer, '33,JD '36, coordinator of the NorthernNew Jersey Enrolment Committee;and Mary Ella Hopkins, '47, secretaryof the New York Club, were alumnihosts at the party, with an assist fromClarence Peters, Eastern RegionalAlumni Director.In San Francisco the Alumni Club held a dessert and coffee get-togetherfor twelve entering students. HoraceAngell, '41, new president of the BayArea Club, was host. Jack Frankel,'47, JD '50, handled the reservationsfor the affair, held at the Hotel Claremont in Berkeley. Over sixty alumniattended.A lawn party was held on September 9 by the Washington AlumniClub, at the home of Mr. and Mrs.James Sharp. (He's from the class of'32, JD '34). Officers of the Washington Club, and members of the Student Enrolment Committee assistedas hosts. Burt Moyer, '39, is the newpresident of the Washington Club.Replacing him as chairman of theWashington Student Enrolment Committee is Dwight Cramer, AM '51.Pittsburgh alumni sponsored a reception for new students at the home of Dr. and Mrs. Louis Goodman,(Bertha Kaplan, '33.) The Goodman'sdaughter, Judith, is the winner of aNational Merit Scholarship, which shehas chosen to use at Chicago. Fiveentering students and three presentstudents attended. Hosts were Mrs.William McKee, (Frances Carr, '30),whose daughter, Judith, is enteringChicago this fall; Louis Sass, '32 andMrs. Sass; Mrs. William W. Mullinns,(June Bonner, PhB '46); and Mrs.Gordon W. Bonner, (Agnes Russell,'21), from the University AdmissionsOffice.The Milwaukee Student EnrolmentCommittee met at a dinner at thePfister Hotel on September 20. Present were committee members EdwinWiley, '49, JD '52, and Mrs. Wiley;Alvin Conway, '47, '48, and Mrs. Conway; Robert Howe, '34, and Mrs.Howe; Charles O'Connell of the University Admissions Office; MidwesternRegional Alumni Director RobertBothwell; and Donald Moyer, Director of Alumni Student Recruitment.Wiley, coordinator of the committee, introduced the University representatives, who explained the Chicago student enrolment program. Thecommittee discussed methods of interesting outstanding high school students in the University's undergraduate program.The Baltimore Chicago Club helda tea for new and already enrolledstudents, their parents and prospective students at the home of Dr. Laurence Finberg, '44, MD '46, and Mrs.Finberg, (Harriet Levinson, '45, AM'47) on September 16. Dr. Finberg iscoordinator of the Baltimore Enrolment Committee. Hosts included Mrs.J. G. Morse, (Elizabeth Tarlowsky,AM '51), and Mr. Morse; J. Haywood Harrison, AM '54; and Mrs-Thomas L. Karsten, (Marilyn Herst,'44.) The Baltimore group plans tohold another gathering during theChristmas holidays.Entering students from the Pittsburgh area meet some of their upperclassmenat a buffet dinner at the home of Dr. and Mrs. Louis Goodman. Gettingacquainted are, (clockwise, starting at lower left) Harold Myers, (new); WilliamWood, (new); Judith Goodman, (new); Robert Weiner; Gary Augustine; ReneeKleinmann, (new); Mary Lou Davidson; and Richard Margolis.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELewellynHow Many Miles for A Master's?JOHN F. DILLE, JR., '35, AM '56,may well hold the University'srecord for the amount of mileagecovered to earn a master's degree.Dille lives in Elkhart, Ind., wherehe is president of the Truth Publishing Co. For a year and a half, whileworking towards a master's degreefrom the Committee on Communication, he traveled over 200 miles eachweek, commuting from Elkhart toChicago. All told, he covered morethan 12,000 miles before walking upthe aisle at Rockefeller MemorialChapel to receive his diploma in August.It was a newspaperman's curiositywhich got him into it in the first place.Since June, 1952, he's had his handsfull, running the Truth PublishingCo., Inc., in Elkhart. Besides beingeditor and publisher of the ElkhartTruth, a daily newspaper of 22,000circulation, he is responsible for theoperation of the firm's radio and television stations. WSJV-TV was or ganized from scratch during 1953 andwent on the air in March, 1954. With25,000 watts, it is the high-power station serving a large portion of northern Indiana and southern Michigan,with South Bend-Elkhart as the hub.It is an A.B.C. affiliate, while radiostation WTRC AM-FM is an N.B.C.affiliate.Prior to that, Dille had put in seventeen years of newspaper work withthe National Newspaper Syndicate inChicago, (with four out for theNavy).His curiosity was aroused when heread of the University's program fora master's degree in communicationin Editor and Publisher Magazine.He wrote for information on theprogram. Later, on a business trip toChicago, he visited Ken Adler, secretary of the committee, for first handinformation.Adler invited him to speak to oneof the classes in the program, andThe whole Dille family, (above), came to see father graduate. (L. to r.), John,III, Mrs. Dille, Joanne, John, Jr., after commencement in Rockefeller Chapel.NOVEMBER, 1956 25ended up with a speaker and a newstudent.Since Dille lived a little more than100 miles from campus, and alreadyhad a full-time schedule as editorand publisher, finding time to makethe program proved a bit difficult.He sat down with a class scheduleand a New York Central Railroadschedule and worked it out. He didso well, in fact, that he arranged tobe away from the office just half-a-day each week, although it meant attending only half the classes andkeeping pace through extra reading.During the winter and spring quarters of 1955 he left Elkhart each Monday afternoon after the press runstarted, and arrived in Chicago intime for a three-hour evening class.He spent the night at InternationalHouse, had a class on campus Tuesday morning, and was back in Elkhart by press time Tuesday afternoon.Other quarters he was able toattend two classes, (one quarter,three), on Tuesdays by catching a latemorning train to Chicago. (He gainedan hour most of the year, since Elkhart is on Eastern time.) He caughtan evening train back at 7:30 P.M.Dille says that although he enjoyedworking for his degree, if he were todo it again he'd take a leave of absence from business.But all this commuting didn't diminish his enthusiasm for the program."Probably my greatest satisfactionin having done the work is knowingI have made a sustained effort toavoid complacency," he says. "It istoo easy to freeze into a frameworkof attitudes, which destroys perspective in viewing responsibility of massmedia."More specifically, I feel I havebroadened my knowledge of the significance and effect of communication through course material whichwas all new to me. I suppose muchor all of it might be dug out by a person interested in mass media, but inpractice such digging just isn't done.The integration and correlation ofsuch material done by the Committeeon Communication, and the variouspoints of view brought to bear on thematerial provide a program which noindividual could adequately constructon his own."I think the Committee has donean effective job in approaching itsobjective of interrelating mass mediacommunication and the social sciences. It appeals to me as characteristic of the University's desire in manyfields to give the student the framework of reference he needs to apply his own judgments and reasoningrather than get involved in the morefunctional, craftsmanship aspects ofemployment in the mass media fields.I do not want to embark on comparison or contrast to journalism schools.They have improved and have lesscritics among newspapermen thanformerly."Our program at Chicago is simplya widely different appoach. I preferit to the journalism school in satisfying my own interests and believe itis better equipped to orient theyounger person who is aiming atmanagement responsibility in thelong run. I believe that the awareness of the social responsibility of themass media and their effect on humanbehavior is critically important andwell emphasized in U. of C. communication studies."Along with John's record for mileage, the Dille family may have set arecord for the number of Chicago degrees it holds. Besides Dille, himself,other University alumni are: hisfather, John F. Dille, PhB '09; hisbrother, Robert C. Dille, AB '44;Robert's wife, Virginia Nichols Dille,'43; John's wife, Jayne PaulmanDille, AB '37; her sister, BeverlyPaulman Stirling, '31, the latter's husband, Louis J. Stirling, SB, '24; John'swife's brother, Henry Paulman, Jr.,PhB '28, and his wife, Edith KritzerPaulman, PhB '30.Along with all his other activities,Dille has also found time to serve onthe Chancellor's alumni advisorygroup, and to head the Elkhart alumnidrive for the University this year.Needless to say, it went well overquota! Weather Analysis and Forecasting,Second Edition. Vol. I: Motion andMotion Systems; Vol. II: Weatherand Weather Systems. By SverrePetterssen, Professor of Meteorology,McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1956. Pp'xix, 428; xii, 266 plus 7 maps in pocket$8.50In the language of medicine, thisbook probably would be called"Diagnosis and Prognosis of theWeather." The earth's atmosphere isa completely uncooperative patientand, despite recent claims, its chronicailment — the weather — can only becontrolled in a crude and entirelylocal manner.This is a book for advanced sciencestudents who, undismayed by thecomplexities of atmospheric motionsand adjustments, are preparing tobecome analysists or forecasters, orperhaps research workers in problemsfundamental to these two occupations. It makes liberal use of themathematics and physics required fora thorough understanding of atmospheric processes.The author would be rated by mostmeteorologists as the best qualified ofanyone in the world to write on thesubject he has chosen. At the University of Chicago he directs theWeather Forecasting Research Center, located in the remodeled residence of the late Vice-PresidentWoodward at 5730 Woodlawn. Operated in conjunction with this Centeris the U. S. Weather Bureau officewhich makes the general forecasts forthe North Central States and the airways forecasts for the air routesradiating from Chicago. A Norwegianby birth and a naturalized American,Sverre Petterssen is one of the groupof Scandinavian scientists who, between wars, developed the "Norwegian school" of meteorology whichled the way to modern scientific meteorology throughout the world. Hewas for some years Chief of the Norwegian Weather Forecasting Service.In this country he has served asChairman of the Department of Meteorology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and as Director ofScientific Services in the U. S. AirForce Weather Service.There have been great strides inmeteorology since Petterssen's firstedition was published in 1940. It isnot surprising, then, that the second26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEedition bears little resemblance tothe first. The division into two volumes is practical and convenient. Itis probable that the material of thetwo volumes can be covered in twoseparate courses. The separate volumes also emphasize forcibly the twoseparate steps in forecasting, namely,the forecasting of the flow patternand the forecasting of the resultingweather distributions. A perfectprognostic map does not necessarilylead to a perfect delineation of thecloudy and rainy areas.The first volume deals with theatmosphere from the point of viewof analysis and prediction of its motions. The flow pattern is derivedfrom this analysis and it is the flowpattern that determines the futureactions of the weather. The authoris not concerned with the total ormean flow but mainly with the disturbances in the mean. The "highs"and "lows" or anticyclones and cyclones as seen at the surface of theearth are the obvious purveyors offair and foul weather. But a surveyof Petterssen's first volume will showthat the earth-bound barometer orthe newspaper and television weathermaps are as outdated as the model T.The disturbances are predictablemainly from conditions in the upperair. The author masterfully bringsmathematical order out of what atfirst sight appears to be a chaotic setof processes.The equations describing theseprocesses are derived mainly fromhydrodynamics and thermodynamics.There are two features in them whichthe physicist or applied mathematician seldom encounters. One is thatthe whole system is rotating about anaxis that is not vertical except atthe poles. The other is that an entirely open system is dealt with;there are no walls, channels, pistonsor pumps. Only the surface of theearth serves as a boundary. Thesetwo characteristics must be recognized and understood by the beginning student of meteorology.For the more advanced student towhom the author is addressing thesevolumes, a number of principles offluid mechanics are invoked. Fundamental among these are three conservation laws, namely, conservationof mass, of momentum and of spin.The concept of conservation of massis in agreement with common experience. It requires that what goesinto a volume must also come outor be compressed inside. In the conservation of momentum, meteorologists are concerned with angular momentum. Every physics student knows what happens when he whirlsa weight around on the end of astring and lets the string wind uparound his finger. The weight speedsup its whirling as the string getsshorter because of conservation ofangular momentum. No one but afigure skater performing gyrations onan ice-coated rotating turntable couldexperience the sensation of conservation of spin as it affects air flowingover the rotating earth.Putting all the forces together in agravitational field on a rotating planetwith heat sources and sinks leads tosome beautiful mathematics, and thewonder of it is that equations forweather prediction are achieved. Lestone get the impression that weatherforecasting is an exact science, theauthor makes it clear that these beautiful equations can only be appliedroughly to the atmosphere. The difficulty lies in the fact that insufficientinformation is available. For example, there is no way of obtainingsynoptic observations of vertical motions, which are important terms inthe equations.Actual numerical computation ofthe next day's flow pattern is nowan accomplished fact in meteorology,thanks to the development of thehigh-speed digital computing giants.A chapter on this technique is included in the first volume. Its authoris Arnt Eliassen of Oslo Universitywho, jointly with Jule G. Charney ofthe Institute for Advanced Study inPrinceton, received the MeisingerAward of the American Meteorological Society for developing the numerical methods. Petterssen's second, much smallervolume, deals with the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and in particular with the water vapor, condensed water and ice. This meansclouds, fog, rain, thunderstorms,squall lines, mountain effects and allaspects of prediction of these phenomena. Here Petterssen includes hisown original work on fogs, convectionprocesses and precipitation forecasting. Other Chicago work receivesmuch attention, such as the thunderstorm and cloud physics work of thisreviewer and Roscoe R. Braham, Jr.,of the Department of Meteorology.Also the excellent small-scale analyses of squall lines, tornadoes and related weather systems carried out byTetsuya Fujita, visiting Professor andResearch Associate in the Departmentof Meteorology, are reproduced.The book ends with two chapterson objective or statistical methods ofweather prediction. The last chapteris written by Thomas F. Malone,Director of The Travelers WeatherResearch Center, Hartford, Conn.Malone, in dealing with the problemof integrating the equations describing atmospheric processes argues that"in our climatological records wehave available continuous solutions tothis problem which have been carriedout with great accuracy by the atmosphere itself." This is an interestingthought, and Malone proceeds to develop a system of forecasting basedon it.Taken as a whole, Petterssen'stwo -volume book is a fairly heavydose, but it will have a salutory effecton the science of meteorology. Itwill do much to stabilize the scienceon its sometimes faltering pathtoward more exact solutions of theforecasting problem. It is, in short,a top-notch book.Horace R. ByersProfessor and ChairmanDepartment of MeteorologyThe Peyote Religion. A Study in In*dian-White Relations. By J. S. Slot-kin, Associate Professor and ResearchAssociate, Center for Economic Development and Cultural Change. TheFree Press, Glencoe, III, 1956. 195 pp.$4.00.The striking distinction between thehistorical status of Indian and whiteAmerican sub-cultures is that the latter groups freely sought the Americanshore to join in the great melting potwhereas the indigenous Americanswere overrun by intruders. The history of American Indian societiessince then has been one of attritionand extermination, with, as Mr. Slot-NOVEMBER, 1956 27kin tersely puts it, " unofficialpolicy of genocide ..." from the earliest times to the latter part of the lastcentury. This was succeeded by a policyof segregation and confinement to thereservations and finally by forced assimilation, the policy pursued by theBureau of Indian Affairs — except forthe brief interlude under Collier —down to the present day.If most Americans have been lessconcerned with the extinction ofIndian cultures than with the demiseof the whooping crane, I suggest it isdue less to callousness than to thispervasive idea of the melting pot asan ideal, and an unfamiliarity or uneasiness with alternatives to theAmerican goal of uniformity. We havenot known what to do for Indianminorities aside from giving them opportunities to become like otherAmericans, and they are not satisfiedto be molded to another's image. Thefact that Indian population on thereservations is increasing shows thatthe problem is very much with us.This book records one of the attempts of Plains Indian cultures toreadjust and preserve some ethnicidentity. Slotkin presents a conciseand well -documented source book onboth the Pan-Indian religion of peyo-tism and the background of Indian-white relations, especially in theirmore formalized and legal aspects,against which the movement developed. As the sub-title presages, thestudy is oriented toward an interpretation of peyotism as a mode of Indianreadjustment, first appearing in thelate nineteenth -century. It is seen bySlotkin as a relatively successfuladaptation where a militant form ofopposition such as the Ghost Dancemovement failed. The author isparticularly well qualified for thisstudy not only because of the extensive research he has devoted to thismovement but also because he is inthe unique position of being an electedofficial in the organization.Now incorporated internationally(in the United States and Canada) asthe Native American Church, and including groups from many tribes, thereligion diffused rapidly at the turnof the century, probably, in Mr. Slot-kin's estimate, from a center inOklahoma. Despite vigorous opposition from the Indian Bureau itemerged from among many groups"... as the dominant Indian religionand nativistic movement . . . from theRocky Mountains to the Great Lakes."The Church ritual centers about apart of a cactus plant known asmescal or peyote which the participants eat as a sacrament during their ceremonies, and it is this aspect ofthe religion about which controversyhas raged. While the Indian Bureauseems to have resigned itself to themovement since 1934, a number ofstates have laws prohibiting the useof the drug as a narcotic, and in thisconnection Mr. Slotkin marshals anarray of evidence to demonstrate thatit is neither habit-forming nor intoxicating, induces no excitement,stupor or loss of self-control, and infact is physiologically harmless, (aconclusion which my own limitedand weary observations at a twelve -hour peyote ceremony would support). He makes his case that prosecution of the religion is but anotherinfringement on Indian nativisticactivities. If some readers may findmore unsettling than does Slotkin thecharge that Indians mistakenly usethe drug as a medicine, it is a chargemore against the sorry neglect ofIndian health due to the meagerfacilities afforded them rather thanagainst peyote, and the author probably is accurate in stating that it isused for the most part as a last resortwhere both white and Indian medicines have failed.The most stimulating aspects ofSlotkin's presentation are those dealing with the adaptations developedby this Pan-Indian movement to secure its continuance and obtain whitesanction or tolerance, and with itsfunctional role and appeal. At anearly stage of development the cultborrowed increasingly the values, doctrines and paraphernalia of Christianity. More specifically, as described bySlotkin, it borrowed those evinced byfundamentalist missionaries and economically lower class rural whiteswith whom the Indians had most contact. It adopted the belief in the Trinity and made use of the crucifix andBible. It considers itself a Christianreligion and indeed seems to have become one of a somewhat fundamentalist rural type. The organizationevolved into a loose federation with elected officials and meetings afterthe white model. Along with theseoutward gestures of accommodationthe religion nevertheless provided, bythe nature of its ritual, for the internalization of spiritual values so necessary for individuals from stronglytradition- bound cultures. Plains Indian societies changed more rapidlythan did Indian character or personality types.Central in the spiritual development of the Indian youth was theexperience of the vision- quest, inwhich one went out alone to seekspiritual guidance, and central in thepeyote ceremony is this vision experience which the drug apparentlyinduces. While the religious experience of each member is exclusiveand private, the sense of communityand ethnic identity among the participants fills a needed social role, andstress laid on precepts for daily living,such as avoidance of alcoholism,steadiness in work, etc., provide firmguideposts for the disoriented. Thuswithin the Peyote Church one couldreconcile or combine values and symbols from two cultures. Slotkin givesan extensive and thoughtful list ofsuch factors contributing to the success of the movement, although hisdiscussion is limited by the scope ofthe work.This phenomenon of Pan-Indianismsuggests to me an interpretation interms of Riesman's social characteror personality types. Outwardly theorganization makes a politic gestureor concession to "other-directedness,"to contemporary non-Indian valueswhile preserving internally an inner-directed ethic for the individual morein consonance with the traditionalIndian way. While most Indian societies imposed values rather strictly,those values were early inculcatedinto an "inner-gyroscope" for eachindividual, and while one was judgedby one's peers — and, in fact, publicopinion was the most powerful authority — those judgments were traditional rather than pragmatic, andcharacterized by a high degree of uniformity and consensus throughout theculture. Thus these societies appear,relative to our own, to have fosteredstrongly inner-directed personalitytypes. ,In addition to valuable material onpeyotism, then, Slotkin has given usa provocative study in social adaptation. While some might prefer astraight descriptive style to the complex organization, under headings andsubheadings, that he chose to employ,the present form admits of easyreference by the reader as well as28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEaffording the author a compact means0f presenting a large body of data.Marie L. FureyResearch AssistantDepartment of AnthropologyAnxiety and Stress. An Interdisciplinary Study of a Life Situation. ByHarold Basowitz, Research Clinicalpsychologist, Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research,Michael Reese Hospital; Harold Per-sky, SB '36, PhD '41, Director, Laboratory of Biochemistry, LP. I., MichaelReese; Sheldon J. Korchin, Director0f the Laboratory of Psychology,IP. I., Michael Reese; Roy R. Grinker,SB '19, MD (Rush) '21, Director,IP. I., Michael Reese. McGraw-Hill,1955. Pp. 320. $8.00.Interdisciplinary collaboration seemsto be more difficult among behavioralscientists than among scientists whoemphasize other aspects of the humanorganism. The difficulty stems in partfrom the relative paucity of tangibledata in the behavioral fields and theconsequent greater diversities of theoretical approach. Anxiety and Stressis primarily significant, therefore, asevidence of the capacity of the research team at the Psychosomatic andPsychiatric Institute of Michael ReeseHospital under the direction of Dr.Roy R. Grinker to overcome theproblems of interdisciplinary collaboration.This monograph is, in a sense, anintroduction to broader investigationsinto the subject of anxiety now inprogress at Michael Reese Hospital.It reports a group of studies of thepsychological, physiological and biochemical responses of American airmen to the stress of paratroop training. Dr. Basowitz and his associateschose paratroop training in the beliefthat it would provide a relativelyconstant source of anxiety to a sig^nificant sample of subjects undercontrolled conditions. As in most attempts to isolate and study specificemotional phenomena, individual differences in response to the total situation obscured the results to someextent, and reaffirmed the complexityof the human organism. The authors,pointing out that the "gain from thework has been less in increasing ourknowledge of the details of psychosomatic problems and more in learning the complexities of psychosomaticorganization and integration," haverendered significant service to all investigators in the behavioral sciencefields.C. Knight Aldrich, M.D.Professor and Chairman,Department of Psychiatry a Nass \ienrs(* Indicates person will attend June Reunion)15-20Honorary President for the Montrealmeeting of the Association of AmericanGeographers was Carl Sauer, PhD. Heis now at the University of California.Dr. Raymond C. Moore, PhD '16, is thetwenty-ninth recipient of the HaydenMemorial Geological Award of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.Dr. Moore is Professor of Geology at theUniversity of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas,and president of the Commission onStratigraphy of the International Geological Consress.Dr. Arthur L. Beeley, AM '18, PhD '25,was the commencement speaker at thesummer convocation of the University ofUtah, Salt Lake City. Dr. Beeley isEmeritus Chairman of the Dept. of Sociology and Emeritus Dean of the Schoolof Social Work of Utah.Herman V. Tartar, PhD, Seattle, Wash.,was among thirty-eight outstandingchemists honored as fifty-year membersof the American Chemical Society, at arecent meeting in Dallas, Texas. Heserved as Professor of Chemistry at theUniversity of Washington from 1918 until he became emeritus in 1952.22*Mollie H. Appelman, (Mrs. Harry L.),'22, reports that her son, Evan Appelman,SM '55, is working on his doctorate inchemistry at Berkeley.Earl W. Blank, '22, is Professor andChairman of the Department of Speechat Northeastern State College in Tahle-quah, Oklahoma. He is also Director ofthe Speech and Hearing Clinic, which heorganized at the college.*Matthew A. Bowers, '22, writes thathis son, Thomas A. Bowers, will enterthe University in the autumn of 1958.*Leona Fay Briggs, (Mrs. Finney), '22,and her husband are fifth year membersof the great books circle in Valparaiso,Indiana.*George C. Brook, '22, AM '25, hasbeen director of the Bureau of Researchand Statistics for the Chicago PublicSchools since 1951.24-28Dr. Edward L. Compere, SM '24, MD'27, a Chicago orthopedic surgeon, hasbeen chosen president-elect of the UnitedStates section, International College ofSurgeons. He will take office in 1958.Dr. Carlos I. Reed, PhD '25, was honored recently at a banquet by fellow staffmembers and former students at the University of Illinois College of Medicine.Dr. Reed has retired from Illinois Collegeafter twenty-eight years of teachingphysiology.Leland H. Monson, AM '26, wasawarded a PhD in English at the June 4Commencement exercises of the University of Utah, Salt Lake City.Letter from George, '04Last month we carried a briefstory about George Martin's littlevolume on The Clarke Story. Wewrote congratulations and got anewsy letter in return which weherewith share with you.H.W.M.Dear Howard:I appreciate your thoughtful letter about The Clarke Story . . .Dr. Goodspeed has also written me. . . with the charm that exists allthrough his autobiography — "As IRemember." What a grand oldman he is . . .I hear from Sanford Lyon ['07,Laguna Beach] occasionally. Heand Helen [Peck, '10] and Byrdand I try to have a real visit atleast once a year . . .I also see John Moulds ['07], especially at the meetings of theBoard of Trustees of Pomona College. John looks younger than everand we have a great regard outhere for him and his charmingwife.Byrd and I were at a gardenparty of the James Sheldon Rileys['05]. They have a lovely newhome near Arcadia with one ofthe most beautiful gardens in allof California. Don looked remarkably well. He and Edith seem sohappy in their new home betweenthe lovely homes of their marrieddaughter and their married son.I expect to have a little visitwith Riley Allen ['04] when weare in Honolulu in December . . .We have reservations on the new[Matson] Monterey for the SouthSeas, New Zealand and Australia . . .The next time I am in ChicagoI shall give myself the pleasure ofdriving out to see you and to takea look at the University, which Ihave not seen in more than thirtyyears.Sincerely,George.NOVEMBER, 1956 29fWeTOTheGeneral ElectricCompanyWhich throughout its sixty-four years of corporate existence has maintained arealistic quid pro quo relationship with the Americancollege — has never failed totip its own corporate hat tothe college educator and administrative officer:Which now in times of unprecedented difficulty for theAmerican college makes aconsistent effort to prick theconscience of its 27,000 college men and women to therealization that they too insome tangible way shouldcontinue to square their debtwith the college that hasgiven them a base for successful working and living.MIDWESTALUMNI MAGAZINESThe Ohio State MonthlyThe Michigan AlumnusThe MinnesotaThe Wisconsin AlumnusThe Purdue AlumnusThe Indiana Alumni MagazineUniversity of Chicago MagazineTotal Combined CirculationOver 94,000For full information write orphone Birge Kinne, 22 WashingtonSq. North, New York, N. Y.GRamercy 5-2039 *Madi Bacon, PhB '27, AM '41, is verymuch a part of the musical life aroundSan Francisco. She conducts the chorusand gives lectures at University Extension College of the University of California in Berkeley. She is on the staffof the San Francisco Opera, and is aconductor of the San Francisco BayChorus.J. Frederick Burgh, '27, Vice-Presidentand business manager of North ParkCollege, Chicago, has been honored bythat institution's naming of their newmen's dormitory in his honor. Mr. Burghhas been with North Park for 37 years —the last 19 as vice president.*Anthony Bay, SB '27, MD '31, is engaged in medical practice in Chicago. Hisdaughter is attending the University ofCalifornia.Anton B. Burg, SB '27, SM '28, PhD '31,reports that he will be unable to attendJune reunion next year. He is Professorof Chemistry at the University of Southern California.A. King McCord, '28, has been electedpresident of the Westinghouse Air BrakeCo. of Pittsburgh, Pa. McCord, who hasbeen president since 1950 of The OliverCorp., assumed his new duties September1.29Joseph K. Roberts, a member of theboard of directors of Standard Oil Co.,(Indiana), will have general responsibility for over-all activities in the petrochemical field of a new chemical company to be formed by the consolidationof three chemical subsidiaries of thatfirm at the end of this year. He willalso continue as general manager of research and development for StandardOil.Victor Roterus, SM '31, director of theoffice of area development, U. S. Department of Commerce, received the Meritorious Contribution Award last Aprilfrom the Association of American Geographers. The award is given annuallyto the geographer who has made a mostsignificant contribution to the field ofgeography. He is being honored for hisextensive work in area analysis and development and in urban research landplanning.Anna C. Dolan is teaching in San LuisObispo, Calif.32*Doris Berghoff, '32, doubts if her sonPaul, born in August, will leave hermuch time to help with reunion planning,but reports that her two "senior" sons,Bob, 19, and John, 15, will present noproblem.Harold B. Tukey, PhD '32, has' beennamed Michigan State University's faculty representative to the Western Conference. Dr. Tukey, a world-renownedhorticulturist currently involved in research on radioactive isotopes, also acts as chairman of the Michigan State Athletic Council.Armistead Scott Pride, AM '32, willbe a visiting Fulbright Lecturer in Journalism at the University of Cairo, Cairo,Egypt, during the academic year 1956-57.Pride is Chairman of the Department ofJournalism at Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Mo.Archie Smith, JD '33, is an assistantattorney general in Rhode Island. According to a recent newspaper profileArchie is the "bookworm" whose research abilities are utilized to preparekey opinions involving state legal questions, including an important decisionholding segregation in public housingprojects to be illegal. The decision in thepublic housing case was written byArchie 18 months before the U.S. Supreme Court handed down the first ofits opinions holding segregation to beunconstitutional.34-35Walter G. Williams, PhD, has a newbook coming out this month, The Prophets — Pioneers To Christianity, publishedby Abingdon Press, Nashville, Tenn. Heis Professor of Old Testament Litera-true and Dean of Students at Iliff Schoolof Theology, Denver, Colo. He has alsotaught at the University.Jay C. Williams, Jr., AM '43, AssistantProfessor of Social Sciences at the University since 1949, has been appointedAssociate Professor of Education atGrinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa. He expects to receive his PhD from the University in June.Dr. Philip C. White, PhD '38, TexasCity, Texas, will become manager ofresearch for Standard Oil Co., (Indiana), at the end of the year. He iscurrently manager of research and development for American Oil Co.Gertrude Laurence Howard, (Mrs.Francis) and her family are at MuscleShoals, Ala., where Frances is nationaladvertising manager of the two dailynewspapers. She is office manager fora contractor, and also finds time to beactive in civic affairs.Betty Cooke Evans, (Mrs. William W.),Rosemont, Pa., has two children, William, 8, and Jane, 5. Her husband isan obstetrician and gynecologist.37*Robert H. Bethke, '37, Patricia DavisBethke, '38, and their two sons, aged 9and 11, live in Armonk, N. Y. Bob waspresident of the town's Little Leaguebaseball program this year, while hiswife was active in local Red Cross andDistrict Nursing Association Work.*E. L. Ballou, '37, lives in Storm Lake,Iowa.Louis T. Olom, '37, has been appointedstaff director to the U.S. Advisory Commission on Information. Olom will workwith the Commission in advising theU.S. Information Agency on how to pro-30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEmote a better understanding of the U.S.overseas. His appointment was announcedhy Dr. Mark A. May, '12, who is chairman of the Commission and Director ofthe Institute of Human Relations at Samuel M. Gilmour, PhD '37, former Chairman of the New Testament Department of Queen's Theological College,Kingston, Ontario, Canada and since 1952principal of Queen's, is Chairman of thejjew Testament Department of Andover-Newton Theological School, NewtonCenter, Mass.Sarah Baylen Brown, (Mrs. HerbertC.) '37, spent a month in France andItaly last spring. Herbert Brown, '36,phD '38, was a guest speaker before theannual meeting of the French ChemicalSociety, and also delivered a lecture before the chemistry staff of the Universityof Rome.?Isabel Verbarg Billings (Mrs. Rex D.,Jr.), '37, teaches school in Redford Township, at the edge of Detroit. Her husbandis tour director for the Great Lakes andEastern Canadian Greyhound Lines.Dr. William Karush, '38, SM '39, PhD'42, has joined the Computer SystemsDivision of the Ramo-Wooldridge Corp.,Los Angeles, Calif. Dr. Karush has beenAssociate Professor of Mathematics anda theoretical physicist at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University.Orville S. Swank, JD '41, is practicinglaw in Chicago.Samuel T. Emory, PhD, was elected tothe honors committee of the Associationof American Geographers at their annual meeting last April. He is now atthe University of North Carolina.40-45Colonel Edward J. Whiteley, MD '40,was recently awarded a Certificate ofCommendation in recognition of exceptionally meritorious service in the performance of duty as chief of the Eye,Ear, Nose, and Throat Service of the U.S.Army Hospital at Fort Leavenworth,Kansas. Colonel and Mrs. Whiteley,(Rebecca Ruth Scott, '40), and their fourchildren have left for his next assignmentin Europe.Edward R. Tannenbaum, '42, PhD '50,has been appointed Assistant Professor ofHistory at Douglass College of RutgersUniversity, New Brunswick, N. J.Joel Bernstein, AB '42, AM '48, is currently chief of the Program Staff in theoffice of European-African Operations ofthe International Cooperation Administration. He and his wife, the formerMerle Sloan, AB '45, and their two children, Jonathan, 5, and Deborah, 3, are'thriving as Washington suburbanites."Donald W. Connor, AB '43, SM '48,has been named "Man of the Year" bythe Park Forest (111.) REPORTER, forhis efforts in establishing a public libraryin Park Forest. Don is the father ofthree boys, Peter, 9, Andy, 7, and Timothy, 3. Science EditorEditor of the first volume of "Sciencein Action", a series of illustrated booksbeing compiled by the California Academy of Sciences, is Benjamin Draper, '38.Continuing demand for copies of scriptsof the informative TV program, (Sciencein Action") led to the series of books.Volume one includes a chapter by Draper on production problems, illustratedwith action scenes in TV studios andproduction workshops. Warren E. Greenwold, AB '44, MD'46, recently completed a three year fellowship in pediatrics at the Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minn., and is now apediatrician with the Carle HospitalClinic, Urbana, 111. He has four children.Dr. James S. Miles, MD '45, is Associate Professor of Orthopedics at theUniversity of Colorado, Denver, and isliving in Englewood, Colo.Huston C. Smith, PhD '45, has beenpromoted to full Professor of Philosophyat Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.Eleanor Wieman Smith is a '43 classmember.Alloys F. Branton, Jr., MBA '45, hasbeen named secretary of the health division of the Council of Social Agencies.His home is in New Haven, Conn.46Leslie A. Gross, JD '49, is a partnerin the new law firm of Shuteran, Harrington, Banta & Gross in Denver, Colo.John W. Lenz, AM '49, and CarolynSwift Lenz, '48, announce the birth oftheir first child, Peter, at Providence,Rhode Island, in June. John is AssistantFrcfessor of Philosophy at Brown University.Howard S. Levin, SB, is the author of"Office Work and Automation," publishedIN 5 YEARSWHAT?Your insurance protection:immediate. The time youcan take to decide whatsort of policy will ultimately be best for you:5 years. And there aremany other advantages,too, when you purchase anAdjustable Policy from theSun Life Assurance Company of Canada. It's always difficult to know whatthe future holds, and thispolicy, while giving youthe benefits of immediatesecurity, also gives you fiveyears to decide just whattype of protection you needmost. For instance, under one of the options you canincrease your protectionunder this policy at theend of five years, regardless of your condition ofhealth, by 10% a year fora further five years, andwith no increase in yourannual premium ! Theseand many other advantages will be yours whenyou invest in a Sun LifeAdjustable Policy.Do let me talk it overwith you. You'll be underno obligation. This policyrepresents a value youshouldn't miss.RALPH J. WOOD, JR.Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada1 N. La Salle St. FR. 2-2390NOVEMBER, 1956 31CHICA60 ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mali AdvertisersPRINTING-LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters . Copy Preparation . ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing . MailingQUALITY ACCURACY SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Exacta-Bolex-Rollei-Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"TheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake — FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur SpecialtyPOND LETTER SERVICE, Inc.Everything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing __ AddressingMailingMinimum PricesAddressograph ServiceHighest Quality ServiceAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisLOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoROBERT 8. SHAPIRO, '33, FOUNDER this year. He explains, in the book, thatinformation handling and office work aresynonymous, and states that the office isa kind of information factory, turningraw information into processed information that serves a particular management objective. The book is published byJohn Wiley & Sons.Capt. Edward M. Wasserman, SB '48,recently was graduated from the militarymedical orientation course at the ArmyMedical Service School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He received orders assigninghim to Fitzsimmons Army Hospital, Denver.47*J. E. C. Askin, '47, is director of theScientific Instrument Development Laboratory in Paris, Illinois.William K. Graves, '47, MD '48, is inmedical practice in San Francisco.Robert M. Adams, '47, AM '52, PhD '56,is presently a member of a Research Survey of early irrigation systems in Iraq.Edwin Diamond, '47, AM '49,. a newswriter with International News Service(he specializes in science reporting) hasbeen transferred from Chicago to Washington, D.C. His wife, the former AdelinaLust, PhB '47, resigned her job as editorof the Hyde Park Herald to accompanyhim.Elizabeth Very, AB '47, has been appointed Principal of the Lower School ofthe American Community School inParis, France. She received her AM fromFisk University, Nashville, Tenn. in June,1955, the second Caucasian student tograduate from the school. She spent lastyear as an assistant to Dean of the BasicCollege Robert Thornton, formerly of thephysics faculty here.Mary Ella Hopkins, '47, secretary ofour New York City Club, has accepteda position with the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies in New York City.She is recreation consultant in the Division on the Aging. Mary Ella was formerly with the U.S. Committee forUNICEF.*David Booth '47, SB '49, recentlylaunched his own sales promotion firm.*David A. Blumberg, '47, MBA '50, reports that he moved to Glencoe, 111.from the South Side of Chicago after 28years there. He has a new job as an advertising manager. He is married to theformer Linda Horween, AM '56.Robert T. Jones has joined the copystaff of the Biddle Co., Bloomington, 111.,Kansas City and Chicago advertisingagency. He was formerly assistant tothe vice president in charge of advertising and public relations of the FirstNational Bank of Dallas, Texas, andassistant advertising manager of theEmployers Casualty Co. and Texas Employers' Insurance Association, also ofDallas. His wife is the former Lois J.Swan, AB '47, SB '48.Joseph A. Kahl, AM '48, has joined thefaculty at Washington University in St.Louis as Assistant Professor of Sociology.Kahl has a PhD from Harvard, previously taught at Beloit, Harvard, the University of North Carolina and MexicoCity College.Harry L. Sturla, Jr., AM '47, has beenmade manager of the market researchdepartment of Joseph T. Ryerson & Son,Inc. He was formerly assistant managerof the department.Robert Gemmer, DB, acting director ofstudent activities at Fenn College, Cleveland, Ohio, was on the campus in lateAugust attending a meeting of collegedeans. Bob is a former president of theCleveland Alumni Club.Elaine Ruth Hackett left in August fora two-year assignment as recreation supervisor with the Department of theArmy in Germany and France.Thomas G. Benedek, '49, MD '52, andhis wife Gladys Riha Benedek '45, SB '47,are parents of a second son, David Alan.The Benedeks have moved to Pittsburghwhere he will be on the staff of theVeterans Administration Hospital.Fred Berthold Jr., DB, PhD '54, amember of the Dartmouth faculty since1949, was elected full Professor in theDepartment of Religion at that collegein June. He has been active as an occasional preacher in New Hampshire andVermont pulpits, and has been a contributor to the Journal of Religion, andthe Chicago Theological Seminary Register.Robert E. Martin, PhD, Associate Professor of Government at Howard University, spoke in a panel discussion on"The American Negro — Politics and Desegregation" held at Bowdoin Collegelast April 20.?John K. Brunkhorst, PhB '47, MBA'49, recently took a job as assistant to thecontroller of the Pullman-Standard CarManufacturing Co. In September hemade another change, to a new homein Park Forest, 111.Mattie Ferguson Ballow, (Mrs. JamesO.), PhB '47, is expecting a baby shortlybefore the Christmas holidays.?Robert L. Byer, '47, MBA '49, is assistant credit manager for the Dole ValveCompany. He and his wife live nearGlenview, 111.48The Rev. Gordon W. Hagberg, DB '48,has accepted the position of minister ofthe First Christian Church in Massillon,Ohio. Hagberg had been minister ofMinnehaha Christian Church in Minneapolis, Minn., for the past six years.Philip Goodman, SM '48, has joinedCorning Glass Works, Corning, N. Y., asa physicist in the company's research anddevelopment program.R. Vance Presthus, PhD '48, has beennamed Associate Professor of Public Administration in the Graduate School ofBusiness and Public Administration ofCornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Dr.Presthus is co-author of Five Years ofBritish Labour and Public Administration.Jerome M. Ziegler, AM, is executivedirector of the American Foundation forPolitical Education.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESenior ScientistRichard H. Crouse, SB '38, has beenadvanced to senior scientist at ArmourResearch Foundation of Illinois Institute of Technology, one of the top scientific positions at the Foundation.Crouse is a specialist in the fields offats and oils and in the application ofozone to organic reactions. He joinedthe Foundation in 1944 as assistantchemist, was promoted to research organic chemist in 1947, and became director of the National registry of RareChemicals there in 1954.Proctor Thomson, Jr., PhD '51, wasawarded a fellowship by the ThirdInstitute on Freedom and CompetitiveEnterprise at Claremont Men's College,Claremont, Calif., held June 10-24. Associate Professor of Economics at Claremont Men's College, Claremont, Calif.,he was one of thirty economists andother social scientists selected from various parts of the country to receivefellowships.Arthur W. Feltes, MBA, has beenelected assistant cashier of the HarrisTrust and Savings Bank, Chicago. Hejoined the bank in 1950, and was a member of its loaning division before his recent election.Joseph B. Kruskel Jr., SB, SM '49,accepted an appointment as ResearchInstructor in the Mathematics Department of the University of Wisconsin beginning in September.Robert Pape, PhB, a teacher at LasU>mas High School in California, waselected president of the Acalanes Educa-ion Association in June. Several monthsearlier he and his wife purchased a newtome in Walnut Creek, California.Jack C. Ellis, AM, has been appointedAssistant Professor of Film at Northwestern University. He will supervise One of a series oj Christmasdrawings by Paul Brown,jamous American artist. -<?FOR MEN, WOMEN AND BOYSan unusually comprehensive selection ofindividual, distinctive Christmas giftsFrom interesting new ideas to traditional favorites,our gifts this season are individual, in good taste,and not generally obtainable elsewhere.Our Famous Own Make Shirts, jrom $6.50Hand-Loomed Tweed Sport Jackets, jrom $75Our Exclusive Imported Shetland Sweaters, jrom $ 1 6Our Pewterware and Leather Goods, jrom $4.50Our Women's Shirts, jrom $7.50 • Sweaters, jrom $ 1 6Our Clothing and Furnishings jor Boys jrom 4 Years UpA Iso metfs English hose, Paul Brown glassware,jine robes, English hats and shoes, sport shirts,slippers and other items.-Illustrated Christmas Catalogue Upon RequestESTABLISHED 1818ens furnishings, if ate *r|ihoes346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.1 1 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N. Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO<SS?<I 3»*S, Jfc m "''" "' »ANTA FE, NEW MEXICO. MONDAY, AOGtBT «, IMS ' '^SS'SsS**,os Alamos Secret Disclosed v.~TIltomic bombs drop on j:^"^° GRADUATE RESIDENCEIn Santa Fe Viet ion.'APITOL CENTER ESTABLISHED ATLOS ALAMOS millh >«rv 0*«wi,uUOf Al. "!" ¦m Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory has1 JL completed arrangements with theUniversity of New Mexico for the1 establishment of a Graduate Resi-eter Ffe <m'At £H «% '«S"^ dence Center at Los Alamos. Thisprogram will provide the opportunity™»k fe for employees and residents to meetJS* •¦•"«< ^11 of the requirements for themaster's degree in the physicalsciences and engineering (including- .' Nuclear Engineering) by attendanceat evening classes. Some of these_^— — " " courses are taught by Laboratory1 personnel outstanding in their fields.In addition, there are extensive courseofferings in the undergraduate andtechnician training fields for those""ti€£fgf3g~¥9 M-lT'fM wishing to pursue academic trainingf #»»_¦_* » «-. related to their jobs or for their own*U($ea My 4 hfy J» development.Complete information about careeropportunities and the academictraining programs can be had bywriting,Media ?.ira«sItra-Fast Camerak'^cloiM'- 'Successful Exm^, 175*. Director of Scientific PersonnelDivision 1320 Los AlamjcomplelUniverfestabldenepr'kite fif¦Ractvr,ftOtftF*'» Of P*) £niwett F#o#i Ovrr / Athf .¦IhmiL Jllim'^iairs *.•/ * lliiffit H-ilotrt losurq0 PrtflC*scientific laboratory3f fWi UNIVERSITY? OF CALIFORNIA •*¦ iosLOS AtAMOS, N6W MEXICO \lSmyth Mm High Praise For Lak!»«V";;34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe expansion of the motion picture program in the Speech School's Department0f Radio and Television.John W. Wilkes, AM, has been promoted from Instructor to Assistant Professor of History at Pomona College,Claremont, California. His specialty is18th century political history.Robert B. Mosley, PhB, returned toShell Development Company's Emeryville, California, Research Center Laboratories in May after a year with theU. S. Army.BESTB0ILERREPAIR&WELD1NGC0.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6-3192LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSince 7878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South" Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or—Wasson DoesBOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST. William A. Pryor, SB '51, continues hisinterest in the kinetics of organic reactions in fundamental research at California Research Corp. Last spring hetaught Organic Chemistry in the U. ofCalifornia, Berkeley, Engineering Extension.Thomas R. Alexander, JD, has beenappointed superintendent of industrialrelations for Republic Steel Corp.'s Ber-ger Division in Canton, Ohio. He waspreviously assistant superintendent ofindustrial relations.49-50Murray Gerstenhaber, SM '49, PhD'51, and Dr. Ruth Priscilla Zager ofDallas, Texas, became engaged in April.Murray is Assistant Professor of Mathematics at the University of Pennsylvania. His fiance is a senior residentphysician in pediatrics at the Children'sMedical Center, Dallas.Werner H. Graf recently was promotedto specialist third class at Walter ReedArmy Medical Center in Washington,D. C. He is an experimental psychologist.Joseph G. Foster, Washington, D. C,has been appointed instructor in Frenchat Grinnell College, Grinnell, la.Dr. Eugene G. Miller, MD, Chicago, received a Master of Public Health degreefrom Harvard University in June.Eric H. Lenneberg, AM '52, receivedhis PhD from Harvard University inJune.Harry J. LaPine, AM '49, has been appointed Assistant Professor in the Guidance Bureau of the University of Kansas,Lawrence, Kan.Edward Werner, MBA '49, has beenappointed to the marketing faculty of theSchool of Commerce at the University ofWisconsin, Madison, Wise.Thomas G. Benedek, SB '49, MD '52, ison the staff of the Veterans Administration Hospital in Pittsburgh. He and hiswife Gladys, '47, moved to Pittsburgh inJuly, shortly after the birth of theirsecond son, David.James L. Weil, AB '50, will remember1956 as a banner year. His first child,Anthony Louis, was born March 22. OnSeptember 5 his second volume of poetry,Logarhythms, was published by PoetryLibrary, New York. The book containsan introduction by Richard M. Weaver,Associate Professor of English in TheCollege. On October 2 he began teachingpoetry at The John L. Elliott Institute inNew York.PFC Alvin G. Burstein is a chemist atWalter Reed Army Medical Center inWashington, D. C. After his Chicagodegree and before entering the Army hewas employed as a chemist with the Institute for Nuclear Studies.Frances Marion Roberts, AM, hasmoved to NYC. She surveys schools fornursing accreditation.Martin Brickman served with theArmy for two years after college, nowpractices law in Albany. Since 7885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.T5keLxclu$ive Cleaner*We. operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200Phones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Go.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H< Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4NOVEMBER, 1956 35C. Andrew Dillman is supervisor ofquality control for Walter Baker Chocolate Division of General Foods in Dorchester, Mass.Fredrik Zachariasen, PhB, SB '51, received his PhD in physics from California Institute of Technology, Pasadena,Calif., in June.Ashton S. Krug, MBA '55, works forIBM on the installation of equipmentfor the Treasury Department's checkpayment and reconciliation operation. Heis living in Arlington, Virginia.David Kahn, SM '50, PhD '53, is astaff scientist for RIAS, Inc., Baltimore,Md.Cornelius W. Gillam, JD '50, PhD '55,has been promoted to Associate Professor of General Business in the Collegeof Business Administration of the University of Washington, Seattle.Marjorie L. Gardenier, AM, is working in the Social Service Departmentof the University of Texas MedicalBranch.Walter D. Love, AM '50, is Instructorin History at Emory University, Emory,Ga.William A. Beardslee, PhD, Chairmanof Emory University's Bible Department,is co-author of "Reading the Bible," a185-page introduction to reading of theOld and New Testaments.Elizabeth Goldsmith Kessler, (Mrs.Edward), Allenton, R.I. has a son, David,and is expecting another baby in November. 51-52Herbert K. Baum, AM '51, is salesmanager for American National Foods.His wife Renee, is an attorney. TheBaums live in La Mirada, Calif.Rudolf J. Freund, AM '51, is AssociateProfessor in the Department of Statisticsof Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacks-burg.*Martin M. Arlook, '52, practiced lawin Jersey City, N. J., until last May 22when he was drafted. He is stationed atFt. Harrison, Ind.Joseph H. Baum, '52, was commissionedEnsign, USNR, following graduation fromthe Newport, R. I., Naval Officer Candidate School in March.*Charlyne R. Booze, '52, AM '54, isworking toward a PhD degree in international relations at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.?Dorothea Elmer Brown, (Mrs. DavidM.), '52, writes that she and her husbandhave bought a home in Park Forest, 111.,and are busy raising three sons.Kenneth C. Brundidge, '52, SM '53, isa member of the Department of Oceanography and Meteorology at Texas A. &M. College.Robert S. Polkinghorn, AM, wasawarded a fellowship by the Third Institute on Freedom and Competitive Enterprise at Claremont Men's College,Claremont, Calif., held June 10-24. He is Professor of Business Research at theUniversity of Nebraska.Richard M. Janopaul and his wife areparents of their first child, Desma Gould,born March 13 in Quantico, Va.53-54Malcolm Brown received a Bachelorof Mechanical Engineering degree thisJune from Georgia Tech.Ricardo C. Pastor, PhD, has joined thetechnical staff of the Hughes AircraftCo., Culver City, Calif. He was formerlywith the Frick Chemical Laboratory,Princeton University.Norman R. Mason, '53, received an AMin biological chemistry from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, on June4.Specialist 3/C Crichton Schacht, '53,has been assigned to the 9577th TechnicalUnit at White Sands Proving Ground,N. M.Peter H. Amann, AM '53, has been appointed Instructor in History at BowdoinCollege, Brunswick, M.Robert S. Lerner, MBA '56, was recently married to Beverly Ann Preiseeof Charleston, West Virginia. He ispresently in San Francisco as a traineefor Dean Witter & Co., and will be anaccount advisor when he returns to Chicago this fall."Pretty authentic looking teahouse, isn't it?"36 Promoting tea . . ,protecting teacups . . . H&Dboxes are best at both.HINUE&DAUCHSubsidiary of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company13 FACTORIES AND 40 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBernard J. Del Giorno, MBA '55, is astudent trainee in the industrial relations department of Republic Steel Corporation's South Chicago plant.Albert Keisker, AM '54, is out of theArmy and working for his PhD at theUniversity of California at Berkeley.Kathleen Black, '46, is a psychiatricnursing consultant for the NationalLeague for Nursing, New York City.Theodore D. Tieken, '29, JD '33, generalcounsel and secretary of Babson BrothersCo., has been elected a director of RandMcNally & Co.55-56David K. Hartley, AM '55, is assistantstate director of the Montana State Planning Board, which is the state's economicdevelopment agency. David is on theresearch end of the staff, specializing incommunity development problems.Capt. Richard A. Katzman, MD '55,of University Heights, Ohio, recentlywas graduated from the military medicalorientation course at the Army MedicalService School, Fort Sam Houston, Tex.A fellow member of Katzman's classat Fort Sam Houston was Capt. FredricA. Schroeder, MD '55, who had also beena classmate in medical school. SchroederMUSICAL GIFTSfor CHICAGO MEN andTheir FamiliesImported Swiss Movement Plays:Wave The Flag, Chicagowith College Seal and Song? Cigarette Box $ 9.95D Humidor-Pipe Rack 12.95? Table Lighter 14.95? Ash Tray (song only) 5.95(We pay all shipping charges)Name Address City State 18 Exchange St. Pawtucket, R. I. is from Denver, Colo. He has receivedorders assigning him to Fort Carson,Colo.Army Reserve 1st Lt. Gerald F. Vacu-lik, MBA '56, spent two weeks on activeduty training at Fort Eustis, Va., in August. He is a salesman for ThatcherGlass Co.Robert A. Wallace, PhD '56, is staffdirector of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee.Barbara Benedict, DB '56, has beennamed Associate Director of ReligiousLife at Duke University, Durham, N. C.For the past four summers, Barbara hasbeen associate director of Camp HiddenValley, a New York Herald-TribuneFresh Air Fund Camp in Connecticut.While at the Divinity School, she wasvice-president of the student body.Freudian oil implicationsHere's a letter from Al Bruggemeyer, '50, MBA '52, as he left theCreole Petroleum Corp. in Venezuela for International Petroleumin Florida. It's both newsy andclever.H.W.M.Dear Mr. Mort:I am transferring jrom, Creole,where I am head of finance, treasurer's department, to the financialanalysis spot with International.I'll be in Coral Gables for abouta year and then will be reassignedto Peru or Colombia. Guess I'mbecoming a real Latino. Both companies are affiliates of StandardOil (N. J.) . . . with whom I startedafter leaving the School of Business.Reuel Denney [Associate Professor of Social Sciences in the College] has been visiting Caracasand we've got together for goodold breeze sessions. UCers are fewand far between here, unfortunately, so it was fine to runthrough the old days and theFreudian implications of the oilbusiness with Reuel.Since we haven't had much luckrecruiting here, we're growing ourown future UCers. Nancy Christinejoined us in October, 1955. Sinceshe was born here she's "one-up"on us — has two passports becauseshe's automatically Venezolana asfar as Venezuela is concerned.Maybe we'll find more fellowalums in Florida — gets sort oflonely being surrounded by nothingbut the Harvards and the Yales.Best regards,Al Bruggemeyer. Ole!(That's the nearest thing in Spanishto "out of this world!")is the word you'lluse for Holidaymagazine's entireissue onSouthAmericaIt's the land of romance, passionand politics— and you'll exploreit all in November Holiday! Thisfabulous issue is more of a bookthan a magazine! Tom Holly-man took the 50 colorful pictures! Famed novelist V. S.Pritchett wrote the text! Here'sjust a sample of what's inside:BRAZIL. What flaw keeps Rio's womenfrom being the world's most beautiful?What strange power draws Brazilianstoward the Amazon — and death? Brazil is a land of questions— and Holidayhas turned up astounding answers!PERU, Her pride has no equal in SouthAmerica— but it's limited to a wealthyfew. Her vast native population provides a remarkable contrast— but theirancestors once ruled the Andes!ARGENTINA. Her people seem to bethe gayest in South America— but youcan feel the tension in Buenos Airesfrom 60 miles away! Here's the low-down on a country that simmers withpolitical passion!ECUADOR. Quito, her capital, is 10,000feet high; leveled by earthquakes withclockwork regularity! But Quito always rebuilds — and the result is acity literally covered with gold!AND THAT'S NOT ALL IThis big Holiday covers Colombia,Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and Amazonia, too! Plus 11 exciting tours ofSouth America. Plus a Calendar ofSouth American Eventsl Plus a uniquelesson in the second South Americanlanguage — Portuguese INow at your newsstand!NOVEMBERHOLIDAY. . .for a new lookat the world around you!A CURTIS MAGAZINENOVEMBER, 1956 37It's there . . . but you can't see itYou NEVER SEE the element silicon in nature. Yet it'shidden everywhere— in sand, rocks, clays and soils, andeven in amethyst and many other semiprecious stones.In fact, of all the elements, silicon is second only to oxygen in abundance.Modern science has made silicon one of our mostversatile and useful servants, but at the same time hasfollowed nature's pattern of keeping it out of sight.You can't see the silicon in metals, but steel is stronger and more uniform when it contains small amounts ofsilicon. Larger amounts of silicon are added to steelused in generators and transformers, and in motors thatbring us the magic of electricity. Silicon adds to the usefulness of aluminum in many important applications. For many years, the people of Union Carbide havebeen extracting silicon from its hiding places in naturefor use in metal-making. And now they are workingwith silicon's exciting chemical offspring— silicones,used for everything from improved furniture polishesto new rubber-like products.STUDENTS AND STUDENT ADVISORS: Learn more about careeropportunities with Union Carbide in Alloys, Carbons.ChemicalS,Gases, and Plastics. Write for "Products and Processes" booklet G-2.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET |I|M NEW YORK 17, N. »•In Canada : Union Carbide Canada Limited, TorontoUCC's Trade-marked Products includeElectromet Alloys and Metals Crac Agricultural Chemicals National Carbons Synthetic Orcanic ChemicalsHaynes Stellite Alloys Prest-O-Lite Acetylene Pyrofax Gas Prestone Ami-Freeze Union Carbide SiliconesUnion Carbide EVEREADY Flashlights and Batteries LlNDE Oxygen BAKELITE, VlNYLlTE, and Krene Plastics Dynel Textile Fibers38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMemorialDr. Henry Jewett Furber, SB '86, aretired lawyer and inventor, died June 6at his home in New York City. As Professor of Economics at NorthwesternUniversity from 1892-94, he was creditedwith persuading French educational institutions to admit foreign students underthe system used for admission of foreignstudents in Germany.Anne G. Morrow, '99, for many years ateacher in high schools of North Dakota,Idaho and California, died June 4 atPasadena, Calif.William K. Wright, '99, PhD '06, StoneProfessor Emeritus of Intellectual andMoral Philosophy at Dartmouth College,died March 29 at Dick's House, Dartmouth College Infirmary. A prolificauthor of books and articles on philosophical subjects, Professor Wright joinedthe Dartmouth faculty in 1916 as an assistant professor. He was a former president of the American Theological Society and president of the easterndivision of the American PhilosophicalAssociation.Dr. Sarah Field Barrow, PhB, '00, PhM'02, Professor Emeritus of English atWestern Reserve University, Cleveland,Ohio, died May 15 in Memphis, Tenn.She was 76. For 32 years Dr. Barrowwas a faculty member of Flora StoneMather College, and was considered theranking medieval scholar there.Roy Batchelder Nelson, AB '01, diedin St. Petersburg, Fla., September 1.He had taught Sanskrit at the University in 1903-4, and was an Instructor inthe Greek Department from 1911-19.Ralph H. Rice, '01, died May 26 inWilmette, 111.Dr. Herbert W. Rayner, MD '01, died inMercy Hospital, Sacramento, Calif., onMay 16, at the age of 82. Dr. Raynerpracticed in Iowa for 26 years, thenmoved to Chicago, where he specializedin eye, ear, nose and throat treatmentuntil 1937. He then moved to Sacramento, where he practiced until shortlybefore his death.Arthur C. Jacobis, '02, of Wauconda,111;, died January 10. He had retired in1952 from the printing business.John Emmett Calvin, DB '02, a retiredminister, died March 13 in Penn Yon,N. Y.Dr. George G. Davis, '02, MD '04,(Rush), died April 21 in Anchorage,Alaska. From 1919-37, Dr. Davis waschief surgeon of the Illinois Steel Co.He was chief of staff of the AlaskanRailroad base hospital at Anchorage from1943-45, and medical officer of the Alaskan Native Service from 1945-55. Hewas a medical officer with the BritishArmy in France in World War I.Dr. Earl Dean Howard, '02, PhM '03,PhD '05, died July 14 in his home inEvanston, 111. Dr. Howard, who was thefirst Chicago area rent control administrator in World War II held several othergovernment posts, beginning in World War I. He served as deputy federal fueladministrator for Illinois in 1917, deputyadministrator of the National RecoveryAct in 1933, rent control administratorin 1942 and was labor advisor to MayorKelly from 1941-44.Herbert F. Ahlswede, '03, died inLong Beach, Calif., September 1, afteran extended illness. He was a guard onthe '99 championship football team andwas back on campus for the fiftieth anniversary celebration of his team.Vida Ravenscroft Sutton, PhB '03, educator, author and speech consultant, diedJuly 27 in New York, at the age of 77.Miss Sutton had served as a speech consultant for the National Broadcasting Co.and other radio networks. Besides plays,articles and pamphlets, she wrote thebooks Fires of Life, Passports, and Magicof Speech Broadcasts.Glenn M. Hobbs, PhD '05, died November 21 in Chicago.Mark Catlin, Sr., PhB '05, died May 16of a heart attack at the age of 74. Catlinearned fame as an athlete while at theUniversity, and followed that with along and colorful life in local and statepolitics.As a captain of the 1905 football teamwhich defeated the University of Michigan in a spectacular upset victory onThanksgiving Day, Catlin earned a full-length editorial in a Chicago newspaper.He coached football, basketball andtrack and baseball at the University ofIowa for three years while earning hislaw degree. Later he coached at Lawrence College.He served as district attorney of Outagamie County, Wisconsin, from 1916-29,and was a member of the Wisconsin legislature for one term beginning in 1921.He was an Appleton, Wis., alderman foreight years until he retired from the citycouncil in 1930 and also was on thecounty board for a time after WorldWar II.An ardent conservationist with keeninterest in reforestation and fishing, heserved on the Wisconsin ConservationCommission for five years and was embroiled in heated public arguments muchof the time with other conservation-minded individuals who disagreed on hispolicies.Harry R. MacKellar, AB '06, died April28 in Vancouver, Wash.Dr. Benjamin Braude, '06, SM '07, MD'09, died May 16 in his office in Chicago.Dr. Braude was an attending physician atFranklin Boulevard Community Hospital,and had served as a physician with theChicago Board of Education, the CookCounty Department of Welfare and theChicago Health Department.William J. Puffer, '07, died January 9in Weslaco, Texas.Edward W. Bodman, MD '07, died April20 in Pasadena, Calif.Letitia M. Steelman Pomeroy, (Mrs.Arthur B.), '07, died June 30 in Kalamazoo, Mich.Guy R. Clements, AM '07, died March25 in Annapolis, Md. He had been Professor of Mathematics at the U. S. NavalAcademy. Geneva Swinford English, (Mrs. W. L.),'08, died April 18 in Springfield, Mo.Bertha H. Wise, PhM '09, died March23 in Cedar Falls, la.Mary L. Kenney, '09, died May 13 inOak Park Hospital, Oak Park, 111. Shehad taught for 35 years at Lane Technical High School, and had planned to retire at the end of this school year. Shewas a member of the Deltho Club, andactive in Y.W.CA. A graduate of St.Francis Xavier Academy, Chicago, MissKenney served as president of theiralumnae association for a dozen years,and was a member of the Cenacle FrenchClub of Chicago.Arthur E. Mitchell, JD '10, of Knox-ville, Tenn., died in January.Dr. Charles A. Burkholder, SB '10, MD'12, (Rush), died July 27 in Chicago.Col. Julius H. Rainwater, '11, of SanDiego, Calif., died June 15.George R. McAuliff, MD 11, died April3 in Chicago.Mrs. Ida Capen Fleming, (Mrs. SamuelG.), AM 13, former Dean of Womenat Southwestern College, Winfield, Kansas, died June 20 in San Francisco at theage of 92. Mrs. Fleming, the author ofa book of poems entitled Wind SweptSprings earned her AM at the age offifty. She was superintendent of schoolsat El Dorado, Kansas, before moving toSouthwestern College.Arthur Lawrie Tatum, PhD 13, MD14, died November 11, 1955. From 1929until his retirement in 1954 he was Headof the Department of Pharmacology andToxicology at the University of Wisconsin. Some twenty-eight years ago hisresearch in his chosen field earned himthis praise from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation: "They[his researches] are of great practicalimportance to mankind . . ." This statement characterized the lifelong work ofDr. Tatum.Charles Firth, 14, former dean atGrand Island Baptist College, GrandIsland, Neb., died March 2 at the ageof 81. He was a member of the Orderof the C. For several years before hisdeath he operated the Husker CoffeeShop in Grand Island.Dr. Charles T. Nellans, SB 16, MD 19,died in April at his home, Buckeye Farm,Roswell, Ga.Fred M. Gregg, AM 16, died May 21 inLynnhaven, Va.Walter W. Hammond, JD 16, died inFebruary in Kenosha, Wis.George W. Friedrich, SM 17, a retiredprofessor, died June 22 in St. Petersburg,Fla.Eleanor Jane Pellet, (Mrs. G.), 17, AM19, died June 8 in Chicago.Dr. Wayland Fuller Dunaway, AM 17,Pennsylvania historian and retired Professor of American History at the Pennsylvania State University, UniversityPark, Pa., died April 25 at the age of 80.Dr. Ernest C. McQill, MD 17, diedMarch 31 in Evanston^ 111.John Warwick Long, 18, died February16 in Huntington, W. Va.Qra B. Haan Vogel, (Mrs. H. R.), 19;died June 11 in Grundy Center, la.NOVEMBER, 1956 39Dr. Jean R. Heatherington, 19, MD'22, died March 23 at his home, LosAngeles, Calif. Dr. Heatherington hadretired from practice in 1946.Dr. Lyell C. Kinney, '05, died February1 in San Diego, Calif.Victor A. Spoehr, '20, died in Augustin Evanston Hospital. He was formervice-president and general manager ofthe H. M. Harper Co. In October, 1953,he was granted a leave of absence tobecome director of the general components division of the Business and Defense Service Administration.Daniel C. Plummer, '20, died June 30 inHighland Park Hospital. He was associated with Lee-Higginson Corp., investment bankers, and was a director of theYoung Radiator Co., Soreng ProductsCorp., and Allison Steel Mfg. Co. Helived in Evanston, 111.Roy L. Beckelhymer, SB '20, SM '25,died May 30 at his home in Houston,YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S . . .MADIWITHSwifts^IH1 Ice Cream,9*A product -{ Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-7400Webb-Linn Printing Co.Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of theUniversity of ChicagoMagazine?Louis S. Berlin, B.A. '09MOnroe 6-2900 Texas, where he had lived for the pasttwenty years.Russell J. Horsefield, JD '20, died April23 in St. Louis, Mo.Dr. Aaron Feldman, PhD '21, Md '28,died March 21 in New York City.Dr. Joseph T. Sperl, MD '22, died May18 in Gary, Ind.George P. Evans, AM '23, a teacher atSam Houston State Teachers' College,Huntsville, Texas, died March 2.John Helmers, AM '23, died March 7at his home in Bartlesville, Okla.Fenton O. Fish, AM '23, a retired minister, died April 7 in Marion, Ohio.Edward L. Birkstiner, AB '24, died January 1 in Sarasota, Fla.Annie Thompson, PhB '26, who formany years lived at The Ontario, Washington, D. C, died at Kingston, N. Y.last December 14, just two months beforeher 81st birthday. After many years asa teacher, she had retired, and had turnedto weaving as an avocation.Dr. Edwin E. Aubrey, PhD '26, Chairman of the Department of ReligiousThought at the University of Pennsylvania, died September 10. He was 60years old. In 1929 Dr. Aubrey joined theChicago faculty as Professor of ChristianTheology and Ethics. In 1944 he accepted the presidency of Crozer Theological Seminary. It was in 1949 that hewent to Pennsylvania to establish theDepartment of Religious Thought. Hewas president of the Philadelphia AlumniClub at his death.The Rev. John S. Stamm, AM '26, diedMarch 6 in Kansas City, Mo. He wasBishop Emeritus of the EvangelicalUnited Brethren Church and former Professor of Systematic Theology in theEvangelical Theological Seminary, Naperville, 111.M. Grace Tripp, AM '26, died May 12in Medford, Ore.Joseph W. Samuels, SM '28, of Good-water, Ala., died March 18.Charles W. Hoerger, '28, Chicago insurance broker, died July 15. He playedbaseball and basketball as a student, andwas captain of the 1927-28 basketballteam.Dr. Albin C. Bro, '28, died March 12 ofa heart attack. He was a resident ofChicago.Joseph McAdam, '28, died February 11at Whiting, Ind. He had been assistantprincipal at the Junior-Senior HighSchool in Whiting until last year.Dr. Clifford C. Fulton, MD '29, ofOklahoma City, Okla., died June 22.Ruth M. Jackson, (Mrs. M. D.), '29, aretired elementary school principal andteacher, died May 1 in Provident Hospital, Chicago. She had been ill for severalmonths. She retired in 1942 as principalof the Colman School, after 25 years withthe public schools.Dr. Ruth Renter Darrow, (Mrs. ChesterW.), MD '30, died April 24 in Chicago.Dr. Paul G. Matthis, '30, died May 5 inChicago. He was a member of the medical staff of Provident Hospital.Samuel James Pease, PhD '31, retiredProfessor of Languages and Literature,died May 1 in Pittsburg, Kansas. Dr. Walter S. Ryder, PhD '31, died May26 at Mt. Pleasant, Mich. He had beenProfessor of Economics at Central Michigan College since 1942. Dr. Ryder hadbeen a Baptist minister for 15 years priorto entering the field of education, andin 1945 he was admitted to the MichiganBar Association.Benjamin B. Roseboom, SM '32, diedApril 20 at Columbia, Mo. He was Professor of Veterinary Physiology at theUniversity of Missouri.Ruth Helen Shaw Bach, (Mrs. RolandR.), '32, died May 5 in Wisconsin.Dr. Erich Otten, MD '32, died May 5 inIndianapolis, Ind.Charles S. Wells, '33, died May 2 inChicago.Lt. Col. William J. B. Strange, AM '33,died June 9 at Niles, Michigan. He wasa school teacher in Cleveland, Ohio, priorto entering active duty in 1941, andserved as an induction officer at FortSheridan. After World War II, he returned to teaching. He was recalled toactive duty during the Korean War andretired to inactive status in the Armyreserve last year.Dr. C. Kendal Neher, MD '34, an eye,ear, nose and throat specialist in Cleveland, Ohio, was killed June 24 when aprivate plane in which he was a passenger crashed near Cedar Point, Ohio.John W. Teter, '34, died Januarv 26 inMercy Hospital, Chicago. He was directorof catalytic research for Sinclair Research & Development Labs, Inc.Dr. Irvin L. Schuchardt, MD '36, ofAberdeen, S. D., died in February.Henry E. Dewey, PhD '37, died February 16 in Birmingham, Mich.Dr. Alfred J. Massover, '38, MD '40. aChicago surgeon, died June 14 in Highland Park Hospital. He was a memberof the American College of Surgeons andthe American Medical Association.Elizabeth Jane Davies, '38 died May 19.Miss Davies had retired in 1946 from theHorace Mann School, after teaching for32 years in the Chicago schools. She wascalled back to be principal of LincolnSchool in East Hazel Crest, 111., when theboard re-opened the school, and serveduntil 1953. Early in her career, sheworked with handicapped children.Herbert Silverstone, '39, PhD '49, diedMay 31 in Chicago.Isaac L. Rosenfeld, AB '39, AM '41,Lecturer on American Literature at University College, died July 14 of a heartattack. He was 38. Rosenfeld w?s at onetime associate editor of The New Republic, and wrote frequently for PartisanReview. He taught literature at the University of Minnesota for several years.George W. Kilburn, AM '42, died March7 in Elgin, 111.Dr. Robert F. Johnson, '46, SM '51, MD'55, was killed while on a trip in Yosem-ite National Park on May 28.Mrs. Viola Neely Yarbrough, AM '49,died April 13 in Chicago.Lt. Col. Channing Stowell, Jr., MBA'52, was killed February 27 in a B-50plane crash near Wright Patterson AirForce Base, Ohio.40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMeet New England Life's"Rookie-of-the-Year"NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY '53A champion athlete as well as a champion salesman,Bud Wallen is a member of this year's World ChampionIndoor and Outdoor Water Polo Team.Each year, New England Life's LeadersAssociation elects its most outstanding newcomer "Rookie-of-the-Year". Last year's winner, William L. "Bud" Wallen, sold over amillion dollars worth of life insurance. Before joining New England Life, Bud workedfor a nationally known manufacturer, wherehe set a sales record that still stands.Characteristically, men come to New England Life to find greater opportunity and satisfaction. Through efficient training and supervision, and generous financial backing, theysoon develop the professional status to handleimportant estate planning assignments.To find out more about a career with NewEngland Life, write Vice President L. M.Huppeler, 501 Boylston Street, Boston 17,Massachusetts.A BETTER LIFE FOR YOU As symbols of his award, Bud Wallen wears a baseball cap and holds a bat —in addition to the trophy — after being named " Rookie-of-the-Year" duringthe annual meeting of New England Life's Leaders Association at SunValley, Idaho.NEW ENGLANDc^te^LIFE^BOSTON. MASSACHUSETTSTHE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA 1833These Chicago University men are New England Life representatives:Harry Benner, '12, Chicago Paul C. Lippold, '38, Chicago John R. Downs, C.L.U., '46, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, Chicago Robert P. Saalbach, '39, Des Moines Eugene Freemen, '37, ChicagoRichard M. Rohn, '37, Grp. Mgr., Chicago James M. Banghart, '41, Adv. 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