UNIVERSITYoff OCTOBER, 1956BEGINNING IN THIS ISSUE:THE STORY OF WILLIAM RAINEY HARPERTHEUNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOLIBRARYALUMNI ASSOCIATION LUNCHEONClub Room, Art Institute of Chicago 12:15 P.M. $2.50Wednesday, Oetober 3F. Champion Waijd, William RaineyHarper Professor of the Humanities.Dean of the College from 1947 until1954, "Champ" Ward has heen in Indiafor two years as Educational Representative of the Division of Overseas Activityof the Ford Foundation. An articulateand creative educator, he will evaluatethe impact of this private foundation'sprogram on Asia.Wednesday, November 7Soia Mentschikofk, Professorial Lecturer in the Law School and Director ofthe Arbitration Project. Increasingly.commercial disputes are being settled by-arbitration, a sub-judicial system of thebusiness community. Miss MentsehikofT.first woman Professor of Law at Harvardand at Chicago, will discuss some findings of the million dollar research project she directs.The Alumni Association, 5733 University Ave., Chicago 37, III. Midway 3-0800, ext. 3241.I wish to orderreservations for the luncheon October 3 reservations for the luncheon November 7I enclosed my check for $ ($2.50 ea.) Make checks: Alumni Association.Name: ... Address: MemorialThe Earle Ludgin fund letters havelong since become nationally famous. Alumni, on practically every college and university faculty, passed theircopies on to local fund directors as examples of good gift promotion.At Chicago we kept getting requestsfrom other fund directors for completesets of the letters. We finally made themup by the scores and filled the requestslike a mail order house.These fund directors urged us to enterthe series in national competition. So wedid and returned to the pleasant businessof counting the gifts stimulated by theletters.On June 25th I was drinking my icedtea at the American Alumni Councilawards dinner at French Lick whenMary Tweedy, Director, Education Department of Time, Inc., stepped to themicrophone to make the impressiveTime-Life Award for the Direct MailCampaign of the Year. Mary was sayingthat the judges were impressed with theeconomical simplicity of a series of letters which any school, large or small,could afford and before I had time toclose my mouth (see picture) I wasreceiving the famous plaque — in the absence of Chicago's ten-letter man, EarleLudgin.At the same conference the AmericanAlumni Council cited the University ofChicago Campaign literature as the mostoutstanding of the year, with Louisvilleand Tulane tying for second place, andStanford receiving honorable mention.In the alumni magazine field, TheJohns Hopkins Magazine was voted theMagazine of the Year. Our magazine,for the second year in a row, was citedas one of the Top Ten magazines of theyear, as well as best in the Midwest.Ding Dong RecordFrances Rappaport Horwich, '27, asevery alumnus probably knows, is MissFrances of NBC's Ding Dong (nursery)School.With mouth still openOCTOBER, 1956 TV fans have sent her a collection of487 bells from 39 states and 12 foreigncountries. She has 37 pairs of bell earrings; 33 aprons with bells sewed on;16 bell pins and 9 bell bracelets and ahat with 17 beaded bells.Miss Frances has done a thousand programs without a miss or a repeat andhas made only 11 personal appearances,one at our Alumnae Breakfast threeyears ago — to an overflow house, cfcourse. Her husband, Harvey L. Horwich, has two degrees from Chicago, aBachelor's in 1923 and a J.D. in 1925.Both are marvelously cordial alumni."Ajax" DiesAnton J. Carlson, 81, Physiology Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus,died at Billings Hospital September 2.Like Chicago's first president, WilliamRainey Harper, whom he admired andworked for, Carlson knew for monthsthat his days were limited.After earning his Ph.D. from Stanfordin 1903 he joined the University of Chicago faculty in 1904. He was made Chairman of the Department of Physiologyin 1916, a post he held until his retirement in 1940.Dr. Carlson was internationally famousfor his research in many areas of physiology. He swallowed balloons for hishunger tests; ate K-rations (at 70) todetermine a better diet balance for soldiers; insisted alcoholics are sick peoplewho should be hospitalized.He was suspicious of patent pills andsaid so in many a court room. Problemsof old age interested him. In his favoriteround table chair at the QuadrangleClub he referred to everyone from fiftyto the emeriti as "you kids."At the table he mingled wise crackswith arguments, both of which he relished right up to the day last springwhen hospital tests stopped forever hisround table visits.Most arguments he won, frequently byproducing the "efndence." To the tablehe brought his Swedish Old Testamentto prove the actual word "grasshopper"could be identified with John the Baptist's honey.Let the world remember him as afamous scholar and physiologist and forsuch standard works as The Control ofHunger in Health and Disease and TheMachinery of the Body, of which he wasa co-author. To those of us in the University family he was a friend withsound, fearless convictions generouslyspiced with quick humor.In The FamilyMargaret Bell, daughter of TrusteeLaird Bell, and George G. Cameron, '30,PhD '32, were married recently. Margaret has been administrative assistantto the Director of the Oriental Institutefor the past three years. George, formerly a member of our faculty, is Chairman of the Department of Near EasternStudies at the University of Michigan. Judson NeffThe Camerons will spend a year inGermany.Registrar William E. Scott suffered aheart attack while on a visit to Indialast Spring for the State Department.He was to confer with Indian registrars,but was stricken at the start of his visit.He was hospitalized and after a shorttime returned to the U.S. The Scottshave sold their home in Beverly Hillsand moved to the Cloisters Building onDorchester and 58th — now owned by theUniversity. Bill is back at work a fewhours each day and seems to enjoy lifeat a slower speed with the elevator substituting for the lawn mower.Colonel William J. Mather, '17, formerUniversity Bursar, who retired a fewyears ago following a serious automobileaccident, dropped in the office for anold fashioned visit this summer. Billalways read a lot and continues to keepthe Woodworth Bookstore rental librarydepleted. The Mathers live on Black-stone Avenue near 57th Street.Charles F. Nims, Oriental Institute Research Associate and his wife droppedin to say farewell on their way back towork at their headquarters in Luxor,Egypt. They usually return to the Stateseach summer although they may spendnext summer in England.Ruth Bright (Gay), who was a member of the President's staff in the earlyHutchins' days, died in Washington, D.C.during the summer. Ruth was not analumna but enjoyed attending our Washington Club meetings.Judson Neff, who left the School ofBusiness faculty three years ago to become manager of manufacturing operations with Mackintosh-Hemphill in Pittsburgh, resigned this position last spring.During the three years with this company Neff kept in faculty trim by teaching the graduate course in industrialmanagement in the School of Businessat the University of Pittsburgh. No newsyet as to his future plans.H.W.M.1Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is located in adelightful small city, high in the pine forestsof northern New Mexico. It is a city ofLos Alamos Scientific Laboratory isoperated by the University of Californiafor the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. • • •and Career OpportunitiesThe Laboratory has immediate openings forscientists in:THEORETICAL PHYSICSAND MATHEMATICSTheoretical studies provide guidance andsupport for all of the Laboratory programs aswell as conceptual designs of nuclear weapons.In addition, basic research is carried on intheoretical physics and mathematics. All theseactivities are supported by four modernhigh-speed electronic computers.EXPERIMENTAL NUCLEAR PHYSICSAmong the facilities available are threeVan de Graaff generators, a variable energycyclotron and a number of reactors. TheLaboratory is well known for its basic researchin neutron and charged-particle physics and,more recently, for its confirmation of theexistence of the free neutrino.WEAPONS PHYSICSAs the nation's principle institution for fissionand thermo-nuclear weapons research, theLaboratory is interested in a wide variety ofproblems associated with the design,development and testing of systems forthe release of nuclear energy.NUCLEAR REACTOR RESEARCH ANDNUCLEAR PROPULSIONIn a large area of the peacetime application ofnuclear energy, the Laboratory is currentlydeveloping new research reactors and powerreactors of unusual design. Several remotelycontrolled critical assemblies constitute neutronresearch tools of a unique character. TheLaboratory is actively engaged in the applicationof nuclear energy to the new and challengingfield of self-propelled mobile reactors.If you feel you are an above-average candidate,if you want to join the scientists at Los Alamosworking at the very frontiers of their field, write:Director of Scientific PersonnelDivision 11alamos' scientific laboratoryOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA "LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICOTHE UNIVERSITY OE CHICAGO MAGAZINEftiTjSs [ssstteThis year marks the one hundredthanniversary of the birth of WilliamRainey Harper, first president of theUniversity. While casting about for away to celebrate this occasion with ourreaders, we came across Milton Mayer'sbiography of Harper.Sitting in a dusty corner of the basement one hot summer afternoon wefound ourselves becoming oblivious tothe time, the heat and the dust as weread Mayer's account of this extraordinary man. Our pride at being a part ofthis great university was heightened aswe read about Harper, and we thinkyours will be too, as you follow the storyof one of America's greatest educators.Some of you may have read it before,but like any good story, it bears retelling.To enable us to bring you other news,too, we have divided Mayer's manuscript into three parts. The first appearsthis month. Watch for the rest in thenext two issues.The quotation used for our openingheadline is taken from the notebook ofSamuel Harper, William Rainey's father.As a diary-keeper he was most conscientious, as you'll discover if you turnto Page 7.IN our student days the title .of "chairman of the board of trustees" seemedformidable. This impression, we confess,has remained with us, and consequentlyit was with a great deal of awe that wefound ourselves walking down a hallway at 135 S. La Salle Street toward adoorway marked "Glen A. Lloyd."The impression is gone forever. TheUniversity's sixth chairman of the boardof trustees dispelled it at once, as heflashed us one of his quick, shy smilesand made us welcome. For some of hisviews on the role of a trustee, turn toPage 12.At this point, it would be hard • to. find any graduates more proud thanthe twenty-eight persons who receivedcertificates at the June commencementof the Basic Program of Liberal Education for Adults. Their guest speakerwas Robert M. Hutchins. A new photograph of the former chancellor, .togetherwith his remarks, may be found onPage 14.The word "retirement" usually conjures up a picture of slippers andpipe before the fireplace, or, accordingto the ads, a happily smiling couple ofmiddle years standing beside a trailerin some warm climate, "taking it easy."At Chicago we turn out a different breed.Our faculty, when it retires, merelyslows down to the speed of a comet.Read "They Retire To Work" on Page18, and you will find you're merely resting, in comparison. jS^^^/' "^ OKIVERSITYLjmcaqoMAGAZINE ^J OCTOBER, 1956Volume 49, Number IFEATURES4121418 Willie Graduated — The Story of WilliamRainey Harper, First of Three PartsA Time for Re-AssessmentHow Not to Be a SentimentalistThey Retire to Work Milton MayerDEPARTMENTSI Memo Pad3 In This Issue22 News of the Quadrangles25 Books26 Class News40 MemorialCOVERJohn D. Rockefeller, founder of the University, and William RaineyHarper, first president, on the quadrangles, June 10, 1901.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditorFELICIA ANTHENELLI Associate EditorPALMER W. PINNEYTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORANProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAW The Alumni FundWILLIAM H. SWANBERGORLANDO R. DAVIDSONStudent RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N Y.OCTOBER, 1956 3William Rainey Harper,first president of the University of Chicago.He was born July 24, 1 856, died exactlyfifty years later on January 10, 1906.ffI attended store and commencement.Willie Graduated.7/ was a very solemn matterto me. Think of having a sonto graduate before he was 14* "By Milton MayerThe First of Three PartsReprinted from the University of ChicagoMagazine, June, 1941. The Professor of Hebrew finishedhis lecture on Amos and wipedhis sweating spectacles with a linenhandkerchief. The white-waistedmaidens closed their notebooks andcrowded out of Old Main. It was asunny Sunday morning in October.It was 1888. It was Poughkeepsie. Theprofessor, still flushed with the enthusiasm that always captured himwhen he taught the Prophets, wasputting his notes away. The richestman in the Western world was standing in the rear of the otherwise emptyhall, but the professor didn't noticehim.Looking suddenly up, the stockyyoung Professor of Hebrew, pumpkin-faced and long-haired, found himselfface to face with his antithesis, aspare, square -shouldered individualwith a distinctly businesslike blackmustache and a distinctly businesslikecarriage. The rich man held out hishand. "Dr. Harper," he said, "I happened to be up here for the day, andI wanted to talk to you."Dr. Harper smiled his sweet, unworldly smile. Living as he did inthe dusty past, absorbed as he wasin men and matters that might havebeen important twenty centuries before, it wasn't likely that he saw thesignificance of Rockefeller's coming tosee him. The President of the Trust,the Moloch of Monopoly, never happened to be spending the day anywhere. But it wasn't likely that theround-faced Professor of Hebrewwould appreciate the fact. It wasn't likely, but it was so.Dr. Harper took his worldly visitorby the arm. Together they walkedout of the hall and into the sunlight.Fourteen hours later they separatedin New York, having come down fromPoughkeepsie together. The professor, still smiling his sweet, unworldlysmile, took the midnight train to NewHaven. He went to his study to prepare for his crowded classes at Yale.He left his study at dawn, still smiling. The President of Standard Oilwent home to his mansion on Fifty -Fourth Street. He was almost smilinghimself.For the first time in his life, JohnD. Rockefeller had met a man hisown size. And he knew it. He knewall about this earnest young theologian, all about his consuming selflessness, his prodigious powers as aneducational organizer, his fantasticsuccess at stirring up the country tothe study of Hebrew. He had madeup his mind that this was the man tospend his money for him. That waswhy the richest man in the worldhappened to be spending the day atVassar.When the young Hebrew professorlater left Yale to create some sort ofeducational institution "in," as theBoston Post put it, "Chicago, of allplaces," nobody then, least of all theman who agreed to finance it, hadany idea what sort of pig-in-a-pokeit would be. Nobody, that is, but theman who was going to create itT Andthe University of Chicago that todayOCTOBER, 1956 5William Rainey Harper came from a family of modest circumstances. Hisfather, Samuel, owned this general store in New Concord, Ohio, a smallvillage of six to eight hundred inhabitants at the time of Willie's one of the world's great centers oflearning is nothing but the lengthenedshadow of William Rainey Harper.The man who conceived and created the first great university is oneman. The man who got thousands ofpeople to study the deadest of alldead languages is another man. Theman who pried the padlocks off thepockets of John D. Rockefeller is stillanother man. These three men, effectively disguised as one, lived to beforty-nine years old, and died leavingthe details and the immortality toothers. This is the story of thesethree men. This is the story of theprofessor who met and mastered JohnD. Rockefeller and brought the higherlearning to America.Two Eras MeetThat Sunday morning in 1888 couldnot have happened before, and no onenowadays seriously believes that anything like it will ever happen again.The two men who met that morningsymbolized two eras. Mathew Arnoldhad just died, and the era thatachieved the emancipation of man hadended; B. P. Hutchinson had justpushed the price of wheat to two dollars, and the era that achieved theemancipation of nature had begun.Harper, at thirty-two, was the flowerof the first era; Rockefeller, at forty - nine, was the seed of the second. Theymet the moment that the expandedspirit met the expanding machine,and for a few historic years the spiritdwarfed the machine.The paths of the two men had tocross. The thirst for learning criedout from the parched land, and Harper yearned to slake it. The dammed-up gold cried out from the Rockefellervaults, and its owner yearned to release it. He owned, among other goodthings, one-fourth of the shares of theTrust, which paid fourteen milliondollars in dividends in the modestyear of 1888. The simple professorsmiled his sweet, unworldly smile thatSunday morning, while Moloch, gorgedon his golden diet, talked himself intoopening his vaults to education."I cheat my boys every time I geta chance," "Doc" William Rockefelleronce said, "I want to make 'em sharp."Samuel Harper wanted to make hisboys sharp, too, but where "Doc"Rockefeller's idea of a sharp boy wasone who piled up his account withthe banker, Samuel Harper's was onewho piled up his account with God.Samuel Harper was a typical member of the atypical community of NewConcord, Ohio.The few hundred Scotch Covenanters who settled New Concordwere "peculiar." They hated chiffonand liquor, they loved the Bible, and they were positively fanatical abouteducation. In the 1830's they established Muskingum College and supported it without any aid from churchor state. They wanted their childrento be wise as well as good. Otherwise they were ordinary people, andthere wasn't anything in either theHarper or the Rainey ancestry to suggest that something important hadhappened in the world the day thatSamuel Harper wrote in his diary:July 24, 1856 — I attended store andwe had a babe born about 11 and ahalf o'clock A.M.The Harper home was a log houseabout thirty feet square, but it hadmore than its share of books, morethan its share of family worship, andmore than its share of music. And thebabe's mother and father had morethan their share of the sturdy virtues.But the babe had something more still.Willie's "Good Little Book"By the time he was three years oldhe could read. His "good little book,"as he called it, was the New Testament, but his precocious appetitedidn't stop there. He read everythinghe could lay his hands on, and he readwith fierce concentration and fixativememory. Fortunately, New Concorddidn't know enough to pamper a prodigy, and Willie Harper was punishedin the New Concord way when hisparents, seeing a lamp burning in theparlor in the middle of the night,found Willie sprawling on his stomach, his elbows propping up his arms,his chin in his hands, and a book onthe floor in front of him. He had tobe dragged away, because he wasdeaf when he was reading; the onlything he could hear no matter whathe was doing was music.To College at TenThere was something strangelyguileless about the child, even inguileless New Concord. One summerSunday in church, the perspiringpreacher poured himself a glass ofwater. Willie Harper, wearing hiswhite Sunday dress, wriggled downout of his seat and walked up theaisle to the platform and up the stepsto the pulpit. With perfect equanimityhe stood there in front of the congregation until the preacher paused, andthen he asked the preacher for adrink. He drank the whole glass, justas unconcernedly as if he were standing at the kitchen sink at home. Thenhe smacked his lips and thanked thepreacher, turned around and walkedback to the family pew and climbedup into his seat. The performance6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtook a long time, for three-year-oldWillie walked all the way, slowly andsedately.Willie Harper wasn't a sissy, butthe delights of boyhood seemed slowand flavorless, somehow. He wantedto read and learn. He learned fasterthan any kid New Concord had everseen. He could learn from anybody,and, as they said in New Concord, hecould "learn 'em dry." He finishedhigh school before he was ten yearsold, and there was nothing to do butadmit him to Muskingum College.The rest of the freshmen ranged fromeighteen to twenty.The College faculty thought theyought to hold him back, for his owngood, but stocky little Willie Harper,still in short pants, breezed rightthrough Latin and Greek, Trigonometry, Psychology, and Physiology.Three of his classmates, preparing forthe ministry, wanted to study Hebrew,and Willie joined them. Hebrew washard; he liked it. Mornings he walkedup the hill to the college building,and evenings he walked down, absorbed in his Hebrew. If he stumbled,he picked himself up, still studying.An A.B. at ThirteenCommencement was approaching,and Willie Harper was to deliver theSalutatory in Hebrew. The collegefaculty met in special session. Couldthey give a Muskingum degree to aboy of thirteen? What would it doto the boy? What would it do toMuskingum's honorable reputation?President Paul, a man of greatbreadth, was the most worried of all.Willie Harper was very dear to him,for Willie came over to the Paul housewith his books every night andstudied while young Ella Paul playedthe piano by the hour. The boy wasnormal. His college work was notbrilliant and erratic, but consistentlygood. What could they do?June 23, 1870 — I attended store andCommencement. Willie graduated. Itwas a very solemn matter to me.Think of having a son to graduatebefore he was 14 years old.Samuel Harper was a solemn mananyway, and he and President Paulspent several solemn hours togetherafter Commencement. Willie wantedto go on studying. That meant graduate work away from home. SamuelHarper left the decision to PresidentPaul. President Paul shook his headand said that he was afraid, afraid ofhaving Willie Harper spend two yearsin graduate work and emerge a Doctor of Philosophy at the age of fifteen. From Willie's father's notebook::? '.*tT /-^£Z^~, ^.^i^y^A^^f. f&>~*4/7^J *sfc^f ^^ZZJ>eft d?-^StZaU*/ iZr***' ^ts-l<&£— l^'U^a^ <s?*4~4%r£><- /^¦C^^^' Cl&<*nj7&d( 0&i-t^*<£.July 24th: I attended store and we had a babeborn about llVi o'clock A.M. Ellen was prettybad for a short time — but about 3 or 4 hours—she was not near so long as we expected.OCTOBER, 1956 7Samuel Harper went home andwatched and listened to Willie playing the cornet. When the boy finished,his father spoke to him. "Will," saidSamuel Harper, "you've got to decidewhat you want to be." "Be?", saidWillie, puzzled. "Yes," said his father,"you've got to decide whether youwant to be a band leader or a collegeprofessor." The boy, still puzzled,said, "But why can't I be both?" Hisfather explained that he was tooyoung to be away, that he was neededat the store, and that he could organize a band and study nights.Backtrack to BoyhoodNew Concord discovered that Willie Harper had an unsuspected talent:he could sell anybody anything. Theboy was a bottomless well of enthusiasm, and whether it was theBible, the cornet, or a bolt of yardgoods that engaged his interest, heput such gusto into it that the Prophets, the composers, and the customerscouldn't resist him. Business boomedat Samuel Harper's general store, andNew Concord said that Willie Harperwould make his mark as a businessman, that New Concord wouldn't holdhim, that he'd burn 'em up someplace like Zanesville.But clerking interested Willie onlywhile he stood behind the counter.What really interested this fourteen-year-old college graduate was boyhood. He'd missed it in his hurry.Now he played boyhood games, noneof them very well, and indulged inboyhood pranks, none of them verysuccessfully. He smoked a cigar behind the barn and got sick and ate anorange to take the taste out of hismouth and got sicker. He organizedand led the New Concord Silver Cornet Band, whose members, includingits fourteen-year-old leader, all worederbies pushed back on their heads,and many years afterward peoplegrinned at academic processions andLong Island lawn parties, when theysaw the President of the Universityof Chicago with his mortarboard orhis stove-pipe tilted back on his headlike a derby on a poolroom dude.Willie Harper gave organ lessons, too,and spent his evenings still at EllaPaul's, studying Hebrew while Ellaplayed the piano.Three times a week he rode horseback over to Zanesville, to study advanced Hebrew with a teacher there.President Paul decided that it wouldn'tenter Willie's head — much less turn it— that being a college teacher at sixteen was extraordinary, and Williegot a job teaching elementary Hebrewat Muskingum. The following year The Chicago papers loved to poke fun at the president of the new university, particularly at his fund-raising powers. This is a typical cartoon.President Paul began bringing catalogues of the European universitiesover to the Harper home. The Samuel Harpers of New Concord, Ohio,couldn't see themselves sending theirWillie to Oxford or Berlin, even ifthey could have afforded it. Therewere no universities in America, andYale was the only college in thecountry with the semblance of nonprofessional graduate work. So Willie entered the Graduate School atYale. He was wearing long pants.A Principal at NineteenAs soon as he got his Ph.D. he wasoffered the principalship of MasonicCollege at Macon, Tennessee. He married Ella Paul — the fulfillment of aresolution made when he was ten —and she went with him to Macon, ametropolis of two hundred inhabitants. The College, which had aboutseventy -five pupils, wasn't really acollege at all, and the biggest thingPrincipal Harper succeeded in doingthere was organizing the college band,which he conducted. He was nine teen now — getting on, he told himself — and he had a lot to learn anda lot to do.When Denison University, a smallbut already distinguished college inGranville, Ohio, offered him the jobof tutor in its preparatory school, hetook it, though it meant a reductionin rank. It wasn't long before President Andrews was hearing the complaints of other instructors that thestudents were putting everything theyhad into their work for Harper, letting the rest of their work get doneas best it could. Andrews, one ofthe great educators of his time, atonce appointed Harper principal ofthe preparatory school.He was only twenty, but he had notrouble handling the students. Hecalled himself "Mister" instead of"Doctor", and his unaffected love ofteaching communicated itself (as italways does) to his charges. He gavethem hard work and plenty of it, buthe worked harder himself than anyof them. His discipline, like everything else about him, was unspphis-8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEticated. When he decided that drinking was becoming a campus problemhe walked into the local saloon andsat down with the offenders and presented his dilemma to them, concluding, quite simply, with, "I don't knowwhat to do. What would you fellowsdo in my place?"The Man Who Couldn't RestThe man's titanic power for toilamazed his colleagues. He neverseemed to sleep, he never seemed torest. Instead, he moved easily, unhurriedly, from one task to another. Oneof his friends, finding Harper buriedin work in the middle of the hottestday of the year, asked the perspiringtoiler if he never took it easy. Harperlooked up and said, with his characteristic innocent amiability, "Why,I've got to work — I consider my timeworth a dollar an hour." A dollaran hour, in 1877, was several timesthe salary of any professor.He persuaded the University to lethim organize a Hebrew class. Hisregular work was Latin and Greek.The Hebrew class was outside theregular course, and its members, atthe beginning, were mostly facultypeople, men twice and even threetimes his age. Within the year, theDenison undergraduates were fillingHarper's Hebrew classes.But Could Raise the DeadPresident Andrews realized that hehad stumbled upon a man who couldraise the dead. The teaching of ancient languages, particularly the Semitic languages, was rapidly becoming extinct in America. The reasonwas that they were badly taught, andmen like Andrews realized it. Buteducators despaired of finding menwho wanted to teach them well, orwho could if they wanted to. InHarper, Andrews had stumbled uponthe hope of reviving interest in theclassic tongues.But neither Andrews nor Harperrealized what Andrews had stumbledon until, one night in 1876, the 20-year-old language teacher appearedat a Baptist prayer-meeting in Granville. Most of the faculty, includingPresident Andrews, was there. William Rainey Harper, who was not achurch-member though he had beenborn a Presbyterian, sat in the backrow. At the end of the services hestood up, no longer a language teacher to whom the Bible was his "goodlittle book," but a man transported."I want to be a Christian," said Harper simply and earnestly. "I don'tknow what it is to be a Christian,OCTOBER, 1956 but I know I am not a Christian andI want to be one."The Baptist Church received a convert, and the paths of William RaineyHarper and John D. Rockefeller began, unknown to either of them, toconverge.About that time President Northrupof the Baptist Union Theological Seminary wrote to President Andrews ofDenison, asking if Andrews knew ofany such thing as a good Hebrewteacher. Andrews knew of a goodone — the best, he thought, in America. But he hated to let him go andhe doubted if Northrup could keephim. The "West" appealed to Harper,and the Seminary was located in theChicago suburb of Morgan Park. Hewent. He was twenty-two — youngerthan the men he would teach — and helooked still younger. At the end of hisfirst year he was given the degree ofBachelor of Divinity and promotedfrom Instructor to Professor. His elementary course was the most popularin the Seminary. It consisted of fourhours' study a day for five days aweek in a ten weeks' course. Thestrain of such concentration was generally thought to be impossible forstudents, but the Examining Committee of Visiting Pastors and Scholarsreported, in 1880, that "the studentsat Morgan Park pursue Hebrew asthough their immediate settlement inthe pastorate and their final success in the ministry depended upon aknowledge of the entire HebrewBible. Their interest does not expenditself in the regular courses, but appears in the formation of extra classesfor reading more than is prescribed."One night in the spring of 1881, WillHarper came home from his classes,exhausted, but, as always, excited,and Ella Harper served him his supper. It was cove oyster stew, his favorite dish, and he ate too much, asusual. The last mouthful was nosooner down than his head was onhis chest and he was asleep in hischair. Ella Harper went to the pianoand began playing Mozart, softly.Will Harper could always turn himself on and off like a light; he wentto sleep suddenly, slept deeply atonce, and awakened suddenly. Ellawas still playing Mozart when Willsat up in his chair. An idea hadawakened him.Why Waste the Summer?Why should the Seminary close inthe summer? Why should anythingclose in the summer? Why waste timeon vacations, when there was so muchto do and so little time to do it in?The next day he asked PresidentNorthrup for the use of the Seminarybuilding for a summer school inHebrew. It was 1881. By 1883 institutions all over the country wereA view of the Midway in the summer of 1893. Ferris wheel and buildingsare from World's Fair. Foster Hall, (right), at the corner of University,(then Lexington) Avenue and 59th Street, was then under construction.asking him to conduct summer schoolsfor them. In the summer of 1885 heconducted five schools, east, west,north, and south. When preachersand students wrote him that theywanted to attend his summer schoolsbut couldn't afford to, he had anotheridea. He could teach Hebrew by correspondence, preparing mimeographedlessons, sending them out, and receiving the papers by mail. The ideacaught, and the callous year of 1886smiled at the spectacle of thousandsof people, the country over, studyingHebrew under a man of thirty.The demand for Hebrew textbookshad to be met, and nobody else wasable to write them. So Harper wrotethem. There ought to be journals, too,one for lay students and another forscholars, and nobody else was able tostart them. So Harper published TheHebrew Student and Hebraica. Anorganization of the country's Hebrewteachers was needed, now, so Harperfounded the American Institute ofHebrew, ultimately to be one of thegreat learned societies. There had tobe bookkeeping, endless bookkeeping, but that was where Harper drewthe line. His younger brothers, whowere living with him and studying atthe Seminary, took the job.He insisted only on keeping thetuition fees, the subscriptions, and thememberships so low that the poorestteacher or parson could take advantage of them, and the bookkeepingshowed a deficit. So there had to bemoney raised, and Harper organized ajoint stock company embracing all hisventures and sold the shares at $100apiece to his friends.The Hebrew EmpireThe whole thing grew and grewuntil it looked like, well, the Standard Oil Company, with holding companies, subsidiaries, interlocking directorates and stock issues. Therewere some differences, of course, inthe two institutions, not the least ofwhich was the fact that the earningsof the Hebrew King were somewhatsmaller than those of the Oil King.The earnings of the Hebrew Kingcame to almost two thousand dollarsa year. But a Morgan Park realtorprospered when he rented Harper abuilding for his offices and press. Andthe Morgan Park postmaster got asalary raise on the show that he washandling several hundred pieces ofmail every day for a man namedHarper.The people of New Concord haddiscovered, many years before, whenthey went to Samuel Harper's store, that Willie Harper could sell anybody anything. Now he was doingit. He was selling the country Hebrewlessons and Bible studies. And itwasn't the "Bible belt" he was sellingthem to, for William Rainey Harperwas a modernist, a lover of the Jew'sOld Testament and a scientific studentof the New. "For several years," hesaid later in his life, "I studied theBible for the purpose of discoveringthat which would enable me to convince others that it was only an ordinary book, and very ordinary atthat." But now the skeptic was retreating rapidly before the assault offaith. The "good little book" had become The Book, and the mission toteach was a Christian mission.Chautauqua is SavedWill Harper had always said whathe meant and acted as he felt. HisChristianity embraced all men,whether or not they called themselves Christians, and all truth,whether or not it happened to be denominational. Harper was a scholarand a Christian, and if scholarshipand Christianity appeared to be inconflict, the conflict had to be resolved; it could not be disposed ofby dogma on the one hand or apostasy on the other. The inner life ofa Christian scholar is hard. It wasat Morgan Park that the servant oftruth and the lover of Scripture facedhis first great conflict. Discoveringthat his critical conclusions on a certain problem involved the denial ofthe Davidic authorship of one of thepsalms quoted by Jesus, he struggledwith himself for days. At the time hespoke to no one of his problem. Inthe end, the haggard truth-seekeremerged resolute and calm, ready forthe storm his decision would bringdown upon him. He had decided tofollow his scholarly findings.Without the support — with, indeed,the enmity — of traditionalists and secretariat — he plunged heedlesslyahead with his work, teaching, studying, organizing, administering. A vacation was a change of work; workitself never stopped. In 1882 he conducted one of his summer schools atthe Baptist assembly across the lakefrom Chautauqua, the great Methodist summer conference organized byBishop Vincent in the '70's. The Baptist assembly had never amounted tomuch, but there lurked in BishopVincent's mind the possibility that theBaptists might some day find the rightman and establish a rival Chautauqua.The first time Vincent heard Harperlecture, he knew that Harper was that man. Like the early petroleumoperators who took one look at Rockefeller and realized he would putthem out of business unless they madea deal with him, Vincent decided hehad to hire that man to save Chautauqua from the Baptists. Harperaccepted the principalship.Chautauqua bloomed under thetouch of its new director. The fifteensummers he spent there saw the annual enrollment rise to two thousandand the staff to more than a hundred.The Baptist Menace across the lakesimply melted away.His classes at Chautauqua, eachnumbering hundreds of pupils, compelled him to develop the art of public speaking. He had always refusedto go into lecturing — then, as now,a source of steady income for raggedprofessors — because he thought helacked the address that the lectureplatform demanded. But Chautauquamade him try. He overcame his inhibitions and lectured. He lectured, ashe wrote, in a lucid style devoid ofrhetoric, eloquence, and humor. Buthis earnestness somehow made him amagnetic speaker. He could read arailroad timetable and convey the impression that this was an importantdocument profoundly considered by apowerful man. Given a great crowdof people interested in his subject,Harper could hold them intent forhours.A Rickety Little CollegeAffiliated with the Morgan ParkSeminary was a rickety little Baptistcollege, in Chicago, established in1859 by Stephen A. Douglas. It borean imposing name, The University ofChicago, but it was neither a university nor of Chicago. It had neverbeen more than two or three stepsahead of the sheriff, and in the early'80's it was only one. The value ofits first public subscription had beenwiped out by the panic of 1857, fund-raising was made impossible by theCivil War, and such resources as ithad left were destroyed in the GreatFire of 1873, the panic of 1873, andthe second big fire in 1874. Northrupand the Seminary's financial secretary, Thomas W. Goodspeed, weretrying to save this Christian outpostof higher education.Its collapse would not affect theSeminary, but it would weaken Baptist education in the West and stripthe city of Chicago of its figleaf ofculture. The sheriff caught up withit at last in the spring of 1886, whenan insurance company foreclosed its10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE3-i8-9«-i5M- 21070.Standard Oil Company'sPRIVATE TELEGRAPH LINEIQDated.Received at,To _ 3WvW- &J3 /6,/l_«flAIMAMr. Rockefeller sends his regrets. The above is a reproduction from thefiles of a conscientious telegraph clerk with Standard's "private line."mortgage on the property. Good-speed and Northrup were beggingRockefeller, a trustee and supporterof the Seminary, to save the dyingcollege. Goodspeed thought $100,000would revive it. But Rockefeller wasapathetic; Northrup and Goodspeedwere noble spirits but impractical,and Rockefeller, whatever his spirit,was notoriously practical. ThoughGoodspeed insisted that "there is profound interest felt by many Westernmen in the re- establishment of theUniversity," Rockefeller knew better.The people of Chicago had otherthings to do with their money. Meanwhile Dr. Augustus H. Strongwas pressing the Oil King to founda twenty-million- dollar institution inNew York City. Strong was President of the Rochester TheologicalSeminary and a lifelong friend ofRockefeller. He wanted to "take possession of New York for the Baptists,"who, he complained, had always madethe mistake of building their churcheson back streets and their colleges incountry towns. "We have alreadyenough one-horse colleges to stockthe world." Goodspeed's hundred-thousand dollar college in Chicagowould be "nothing but a great high school." The twenty-million-dollar"university" which he wanted Rockefeller to establish on MorningsideHeights — where Columbia now stands— was to be militantly Christian,closed to "infidel" teachers, andstrictly controlled by the church.Rockefeller was, like Strong, a fundamentalist, but the latter's passionateilliberality disturbed the capitalistwho, as a young clerk in Cleveland,had contributed not only to thechurch but to Catholic, Negro, andJewish causes as well.Early in 1886, John D. Rockefellerheard a rumor. It was not a rumorabout federal indictments or anti-monopoly legislation, though therewere plenty of such rumors about.It was a rumor that President Dwightof Yale was trying to get young Harper from Morgan Park. Rockefellersat down and wrote Goodspeed, saying that he supposed Morgan Parkwould be reluctant to let the youngfellow go. Goodspeed, who wasn'tquite as impractical as Rockefellerthought he was, went to the trusteesof the expiring college and proposedthat they elect Harper president,which they immediately did. Thenhe answered Rockefeller's letter, saying that Morgan Park saw no way ofholding Harper unless he could beinduced to accept the presidency ofthe college, which, in turn, wouldhave to be put on its feet. "Our seminary can no more hold him longwithin its limits than your first refinery could hold you. We have not somany men of eminent abilities thatwe can spare such a man to Yale andthe Congregationalists."The Victims Weren't ReadyThe two-way trap was set, but neither of the victims chose to walk intoit. Rockefeller replied that he "didn'tknow what to say" about the college,but he most emphatically felt thatthe Seminary should make every effort to keep young Harper, and hewas ready to make a special grant forthe purpose. The other victim declined the presidency of the totteringUniversity of Chicago, which promptly summoned enough strength to shutits doors. Harper couldn't be interested in a good college, much less abad one.He was interested in something else.He was interested in something noone had thought of before, somethingthat made twenty million dollars looklike a down payment. What Harperwas interested in was a great university.(To be continued next month)OCTOBER, 1956 11Morton ShapirlGlen A. LloydChairman, Board of Trustees12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINA TIME FOR RE-ASSESSMENTWe Must Take A New Look at Education^ BasicNeeds, in Light of World Changes Since theLast War, Warns Trustee Board ChairmanA re -assessment of educational theories and practices in the nation'scolleges is needed, in light of worldchanges since the last war, statesGlen A. Lloyd, new Chairman of theBoard of Trustees."The popular use of technologicaldevelopments, as well as the assertivecharacter of ideologies in variouscountries, focus attention on what isreally needed in the next couple ofgenerations from our educational system," he said in a recent interview."The University has always beenvery much alive to this subject," hecontinued, "And I trust that undermy chairmanship it will continue tosubject itself to periodic re-examination of the basic needs for education."Lloyd, JD '23, became sixth chairman of the Board of Trustees on June14. He has been a trustee since 1953.He succeeds Edward L. Ryerson,70, who assumes the status of honorary trustee under the Board's bylaws.Ryerson had been chairman sinceJune, 1953, and a trustee since 1923.He will continue as chairman of thesteering committee of the campaignto raise $32.7 million, which was initiated a year ago under his leadership.The principle functions of a trustee,Lloyd feels, lie mainly in three categories."A trustee should be concernedfrom a supervisory standpoint withthe theory of education in which hisinstitution is engaged," he said. "However, he should not try to administereducational policy. He'd get intotrouble pretty promptly on thatscore!" he said, with a smile."If a trustee feels his universityis not carrying out its proper functions, he should first make sure heunderstands the administration," Lloydsaid. "If he still disagrees, he couldthen try to persuade the majority ofhis fellow trustees to his point ofview. But only in extreme cases should he try to make any changesin the personnel of the school."A trustee should also influence therelationship of his institution with thecommunity and public generally,Lloyd feels.The third duty of a trustee is tolead in providing necessary funds tomaintain the institution, says Lloyd."One of the main needs of theUniversity is to keep up the campaign which has been undertaken,and to carry forward at the newlevel on which this effort will establish us," he said.Lloyd feels that in general theUniversity's tradition of a close relationship among the various divisionsprovides the best background formeeting current educational needs.The development of a student's"whole talents" are most important,he said."One of the major problems of theUniversity is not only to preserve thistradition, but to augment it," he said.As an example, he cited the case ofthe Harvard School of Business. TheSchool, built across the Charles Riverfrom the main campus, has becomea strong institution, but in the courseof doing so has weakened its ties withthe mother institution. This, Lloydfeels, is to the student's detriment,and the University should guardagainst it happening here."Some people have expressed thefear that something similar may happen when we build a new law schoolacross the Midway," Lloyd said. "Theyneed not worry. We feel very stronglythat the Midway will serve as partof the campus, and the new lawschool will work in complete cooperation with the University. We won'tbe 'going across the Charles.' "Lloyd also feels that it is the University's duty to re -assess itself, andin departments where development isbehind, not only to build itself up,but move on ahead."When we try to build up our School of Business, as we plan todo, we should consider: What is themodel for development of a tremendous school of business in the Midwest? We should then endeavor tocreate something which has greatersubstance than anything now in existence, and not be content withmerely catching up.""Two additional areas which areimportant are the Humanities Division and the Library. Again, weshould not only set out to developboth to meet present needs, but shouldtry to find a better way to maintainthem as leaders in their fields," hesaid."I wouldn't purport to tell how alibrary should be run, but I do feelthere is a great need to explore theuse of technological developments inthe field."Concerning The College, Lloyd saidhe is in agreement with the mostrecent steps taken."I feel it is important to buildand make a thoroughly acceptableundergraduate college of it," he said."I am not afraid we will turn it intoa 'trade school.' But we should berealistic and consider the forcesprevalent in shaping today's undergraduate college."Lloyd is no newcomer to the fieldof educational trusteeship. He isPresident of the Board of Lake Forest Academy, Lake Forest, 111.; adirector of Maryville College, Tenn.,(where he received an AB in 1918) ;and a Trustee of the Aspen Institutefor Humanistic Studies. He is one ofeleven alumni on the Board, and hasserved as president of the Law SchoolAlumni Association.Lloyd, a partner in the Chicago lawfirm of Bell, Boyd, Marshall andLloyd, lives in Libertyville, 111. Heand his wife, the former MarionMusser, have three children, Margaret, 14; Mary, 12; and John Musser, 8.(Continued on Page 24)OCTOBER, 1956 13How Not To BeA SENTIMENTALISTPerhaps we have arrivedat the stage Orwell predicted,only twenty-six years earlier,suggests Robert M. HutchinsTo help celebrate the tenth anniversary of its BasicProgram of Liberal Education for Adults, UniversityCollege invited Robert Maynard Hutchins to be the guestspeaker at its June commencement.It was especially fitting that the former chancellor, nowDirector of The Fund for the Republic, be the honoredguest at this commencement, for it was under his guidance that the Program was initiated ten years ago.The Basic Program is designed to meet the needs ofpersons who have never attended college, as well as forothers who became specialized in college work and simply want a broader perspective of learning. It is a highlyintegrated four-year program, leading the student throughthe improvement of the arts of reading, speaking, writing, and thinking. Its aim is to acquaint people withbasic principles, and to teach them how to use theirknowledge to make sound judgments.Enrollment is restricted to those over twenty-one.Courses are offered in the evening for persons with full-time jobs, daytimes for housewives, and Saturday mornings. A class also is offered from 7-8:30 A.M., for early-birds who feel most alert before starting an eight-hourworking day. (It also catches those coming off thenight shift!)Completion of the course earns the student a certificate in the liberal arts. To date, 108 have completed theprogram. Enthusiasm for. the program has been so high,and its graduates so loathe to end their training, thatalumni courses are offered.Certificates were presented to twenty weight graduateson June 11, before an overflow crowd in HutchinsonCommons. (Graduation exercises were preceded by adinner.) "You appeal to me because you are not sentimentalists," Hutchins told the graduates. He denned a sentimentalist as "a person who insists that you don't haveto know what you're talking about!""The question [for a sentimentalist] is, 'How do youfeel?' "Sentimentalists, Hutchins said, represent the negationof rationality, and the negation of discussion and debate.". . . what happens as a result of the prevalent senti-mentalism with which we are afflicted is that it leads to allkinds of Orwellian doubletalk," he said. "In fact, Isometimes think that we have arrived at the stage thatGeorge Orwell depicted. We have arrived at it twenty-six years earlier than he anticipated."Take peace. Marguerite Laski, in the current issueof The New Statesman and Nation, says that the Toryprinciple with regard to disarmament and Russian relations is that we are dedicated to disarmament and peace.But as long as the Russians continue their nefariouspolicy of reducing their army and integrating the troopsinto the civilian population, we cannot possibly abate onejot or tittle of our military preparation."Then the notion in regard to freedom is that everybody should be free and everybody should be equalexcept the people that I don't like."And the prevailing doctrine with regard to justice isthat everybody should have due process, except thepeople who need it most. That is, we are in favor ofdue process and legal trials for people that we think arereally just plain ordinary criminals, like murderers andarsonists, but when it comes to those dreadful communists and people who are suspected of communism.we couldn't possibly give them due process becausethey're tpo dangerous."And it is no wonder that the Fund for the Republic,if you will pardon the expression, regards itself as ananti- absurdity fund . . ."". . . The problem of the sentimentalist is the problemof propaganda," he continued. "Aldous Huxley andArnold Toynbee have both pointed out that universalcompulsory education was introduced in England in 1870,and that the opportunity that was thought to be beforethe people was one of educating the democracy andeducating the people to control their own affairs."Both Toynbee and Huxley agree, and I think theyare right, that the sole effect of the introduction of universal compulsory education has been to put the people14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE' .rMorton ShapiroFormer Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins15at the mercy of the yellow press and the other media ofmass entertainment that have been developed to servethe half-educated masses who resulted from the legislation that was supposed to introduce education."Propaganda is becoming more incessant and morescientific. It beats upon the sentimentalist every day; hisfeelings may be altered— they cannot be improved; or,if they are improved, it is only accidental."Only the educated man can withstand the propagandathat is the outstanding characteristic of our day."Now, how can we account for the fact that propaganda has mounted in effectiveness and success as education has become more and more widespread?"There is only one possible answer, and that is thatit has not been education that has been .spread. It hasbeen schooling that has been spread. And anybody whohas ever been anywhere around a school system knowsthat there is no necessary connection between schoolingand education."The question about a school is not whether it is onebut what goes on in it."Take the learned remark which I shall always cherish, made by Mr. Charles Luckman, when he was president of Lever Brothers, addressing a manufacturing audience in New York. He said, 'The manufacturers ofthe United States must support popular education because if the people can't read, what about our advertising?'"Lord Northcliffe and Mr. Hearst have taken the sameattitude. Education — the education that is necessary inorder to sell a product of this type, is an education thatthey will favor; but it is not an education that will carryus out of sentimentality to the kind of independent criticism that the American citizen must be capable ofexerting."We find, in other words, that a little education — andit is a little, and only a little that we have had — is adangerous thing."And you, the members of the graduating class, andthe alumni of the Basic Program — you have had the onlyREAL education! You are an example to your fellow-citizens; and you must not be depressed because youare so few."The Lord promised to save Sodom and Gomorrah iften good men could be found there. I call your attentionto the fact that more than twice that number graduatedtonight," he concluded.Basic Program Graduates SpeakMISS ESTHER COOKSEY, who runsa television sales and serviceorganization: "I had the idea togo to college in the back of myhead for years. I'd never gone further than one year of high school.I kept thinking I wanted something, and felt a lack, but I couldn'tput my finger on what it was. ThenI realized it was something in thefield of learning. The Program gaveMISS BELLE KRISCHER, ClaimsRepresentative for the SocialSecurity Administration. "I've neverhad a formal education. I workedup to my present job classificationthe hard way; now it takes a college degree to get there. I'm proudof this, and I feel I've learned alot apart from academic knowledge.But something was missing. Ifound just what I wanted in theBasic Program. I can't get over it.I felt it was designed just for me." me tremendous satisfaction. No material gains that you can see, butit fulfilled a need I'd had for along time. I enjoyed Plato morethan anything else, especially 'TheRepublic.' One thing aggravated mewhile I took the course. Friendswould ask, 'What are you going tobe when you're through?'developed a pat answerbit wiser, maybe.' That I finally'A littledid it!"16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMR. AND MRS. ISRAEL DORDEK,grandparents, who took thecourse together after their childrenmarried. Says Mr. Dordek: "I'vebeen an attorney for thirty years.I went to law school right afterhigh school; you didn't need prelaw then. When my two childrenwent to the University they usedto discuss subjects over my head.I made up my mind that when Igot the chance, I'd try to acquirethe same education they were getting. It was rough at first, and aburden after a full day's work, butwe loved it. It was one of the mostmarvelous experiences we evershared. You know, my son used tobe a student waiter in the room inwhich we graduated [Commons.]'Joseph smith, machinist. "Aboutthe time the Basic Programstarted I heard about it, but I didn'tfeel I was qualified for the courses.I took a few YMCA courses for awhile, and finally got up enoughcourage to sign up. I didn't do toowell in the readings the first year,but after that, I got along fine. After all, I'm 48, and had practicallyno education. I quit high schoolat 16, after two years. The Program is the best thing I've everdone. I won't earn more money asa result, but I find myself living amore interesting life these days."(Photos by Morton Shapiro)Patrick j. newell, glazier forthe Chicago Park District. "Idecided to take the course out ofcuriosity, to fill the gaps in my education, and to make me a happyperson. Has it? Well, I learnedthat to a certain extent there is nosuch thing as a happy man. Let'ssay I'm much more satisfied withlife now, and have come out a somewhat wiser man. Isn't that enough?"OCTOBER, 1956 17Morton ShapiroT. NELSON METCALFProfessor of PhysicalEducation and Directorof Athletics They Retire To WorkNew Horizons for Eight WhoEnd Academic Careers HereMorton ShapiroWILBUR L. BEAUCHAMPProfessor of Education According to the books, eight of- the University's leading professors are retiring this year, havingreached compulsory retirement age.Actually, none of them plans to retire — from work, that is.Although they have cleaned outtheir desks at the University, most ofthe eight are already sitting down tonew tasks elsewhere.The eight: Wilbur L. Beauchamp,Professor of Education; T. NelsonMetcalf, Professor of Physical Education; Ernst W. Puttkammer, Professor of Law; Hans Rothfels, Professor of History; Kenneth C. Sears,Professor of Law; Leonard D. White,Ernest D. Burton Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science;Helen L. Wright, Samuel DeutschProfessor and Dean of the School ofSocial Service Administration; Quincy Wright, Professor of PoliticalScience.All told, they have put in a totalof 237 combined years of service atthe University, an impressive record.Someone (other than us) with thepatience of a scientist would undoubtedly be able to pile up another impressive set of statistics about theirservice — the number of students whohave sat in their classes, the numberof hours they have devoted to students outside of class, the amount ofguidance they doled out to individualstudents, the number of books, pamphlets, articles and learned papersthey have turned out over the years.There is another way to measuretheir service, and we prefer this one.The Chicago Council on Foreign Relations this year gave Quincy Wrightits top award for having contributedthe most for world understanding tothe Chicago community. As a specialgesture of appreciation for Wright'simmeasurable service over the years,Melvin Brorby, former president ofthe Council, wrote to many of Wright's former students, and suggested they write him on the occasion of the award and his retirement.Several hundred former studentswrote back, and their letters were puttogether in book form and presentedto Wright. Here are quotes from afew:"To me, one of the many studentswho has drawn inspiration from you,the contribution that is foremost isthat which you made as a teacher.The art of a teacher is not merely toconvey information, (though you didthat too), but to elicit from his students those potentials which theyhave within themselves. It was thisthat you did above all." The writer,Ithiel de Sola Pool, AB '38, AM '39,IhD '52, is with the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology's Center forInternational Studies.Or take this one, signed, "KyawHtun, Quincy's Only Burmese Boy."(Htun is an assistant to the PrimeMinister of Burma, and wrote fromRangoon):"Dear Sayagyi Quincy: I am veryglad to hear . . . that you are receiving an award as one of those whohave done the most for world understanding during the past year . . .Having had the honor as well as thepleasure of being a student of yours... I know how much you deservesuch an award.""P. S. Sayagyi means 'great teacher' in Burmese."Or still another one, signed byClark M. Eichelberger, '24, ExecutiveDirector of the American Associationfor the United Nations, Inc.:"I studied under you shortly afterthe First World War; I have learnedcontinuously from you since . . . Thepast thirty-five years have seen verygreat changes come to our world andto the United States as a major partof it. I think you always kept aheadof these changes; usually anticipating18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1 t 1lb*.iQUINCY WRIGHTProfessor of Political ScienceMorton Shapiro HELEN R. WRIGHTSamuel Deutsch Professor and Dean,School of Social Service AdministrationMorton ShapiroMorton ShapiroERNST W. PUTTKAMMERProfessor of Law HANS ROTHFELSProfessor of HistoryOCTOBER, 1956 19and always advocating a solution tomeet them . . . Because you had somany ideas and because you havebeen such a hard and quick worker,many of the ideas that we have advanced have been yours. Your influence is like a golden thread that iswoven through all of the policy statements of the Association and the reports of the Commission [to studyThe Organization of Peace.] "No Jackals Yet!Helen Wright, Dean of S.S.A.,turned the tables and wrote a letterto her former students, which read,in part:"... The School exists for thestudents, and an educator can get nogreater joy than that which comesfrom seeing students grow professionally in the time they are with usand continue that growth as they become our alumni. These joys havebeen mine in ample measure, and Iam very proud to have had an association with a school whose alumniyou are. I know that we did not makeyou what you are; I hope that wefacilitated your development in somesmall measure."Hundreds of alumni, communityleaders, and friends of S.S.A. came tothe quadrangles on the night of June5 to honor Dean Wright, at a cocktailparty, dinner in Commons, and a program in Mandel Hall.Quincy Wright and Leonard Wrightwere feted by colleagues from thePolitical Science Department in adinner at the Quadrangle Club, aswere Professors Sears and Puttkammer by their colleagues from theLaw School.Already, though, these energeticsouls are off on new missions, exploring new areas.From New Delhi, India, where shehas gone on a two-year assignmentas chief of a technical assistance teamworking with the schools of socialwork of India, Dean Wright writes:"I had a wonderful reception here.Shanta Vashist, [a former student],with her mother and father, her"boss" and some others . . . were atthe airport with garlands of flowersand tinsel, and five enormous bouquets, each presented with great formality — (I went through customslooking like a Christmas tree) — Soalso at the airport were the head ofDelhi School and two members of hisfaculty . . . You can see that I waswell looked after as all accompaniedme to my hotel . . ."P. S. Toni is due tomorrow nightlate — Have seen no jackals!" Toni is Dean Wright's white Frenchpoodle, who spent the summer in akennel in Paris, while her mistressattended the International Conference of Social Work in Munich, Germany.Toni, famous in Hyde Park for herever-present red ribbons, was givena going- away present of a blackpatent leather collar and leash anda black velvet ribbon from Miss Charlotte Towle, Professor of S.S.A.Dean Wright has a record of 28years of faculty membership. Shejoined S.S.A. after receiving a Ph.D.from the University in 1922. In 1942she became the School's dean.During her term as dean, theSchool pioneered in developing ageneral, unified approach to theteaching of social case work.Miss Wright is a member of theexecutive board of the InternationalCommittee of Schools of Social Work.She is past president of the AmericanAssociation of Schools of Social Work.To Australia With OlympicsOne of the most active of the retiring professors will be T. Nelson Metcalf, Director of Athletics at the University for the past 23 years. He ischairman of administration for theU. S. Olympic teams, and will be responsible for feeding, housing andtransporting America's Olympic athletes to Australia this fall.Metcalf was an outstanding athleteduring his student days at OberlinCollege. He coached track and football at Columbia University, also hisalma mater, and Minnesota.His next position was at Iowa StateCollege, where he was head of Physical Education and Director of Athletics. He left Iowa to come to Chicago to succeed Amos Alonzo Stagg,in 1933.Following his return from Australiawith the 300-400 athletes under hiscare, he will live in California, wherehe will continue active in Olympicand Amateur Athletic Union affairs.California has already claimed another of the retiring faculty members. Kenneth Sears, Professor ofLaw and for 30 years a faculty member, is teaching at Hastings Collegeof Law, San Francisco. (Note: Justbefore going to press we learned thatProfessor Sears has suffered a heartattack, and will not teach this year.)Sears is an expert on public law,and his career outside the University reflects his interest. He was amember of the Illinois Code Commission from 1938-41, and duringWorld War II served as a member of the War and Price Rationing Boardin Chicago.An ardent Democrat, he has beenparticularly interested in judicial reform, and has spent a good deal ofhis own time and money to furtherthis cause. He worked hard to helpbring about the re-districting of Illinois, and was happy to see his effortsrewarded when the bill was passedlast year.Remarks a friend: "Whenever theLeague of Women Voters campaignedfor some reform, we usually foundKenneth Sears ahead of us, oftenworking quietly on his own."Sears received his J.D. from theUniversity in 1915, practiced in Kansas City, Mo., then joined the Chicagofaculty. He has been visiting professor at the Missouri School of Law,Columbia University, the Universityof Wisconsin, Yale Law School, Stanford University, and the Universityof Colorado. He is author of Casesand Materials on Administrative Lawand co-author of May on Crimes, anda contributor to legal journals.Ernst W. Puttkammer, a facultymember for 36 years, has spent mostof his life in or near the University."I even remember the ruins, when,in my boyhood, one of the towers ofHarper Library completely collapsed,"he reminisces.Puttkammer will spend most of histime in travel. Since 1945 he hasmade a trip abroad annually, andsince 1953 he has spent only half ofeach year in active teaching in orderto travel.Puttkammer gained fame as a comedian, when, together with StanleyWanzer, he appeared as a janitor in aFaculty Revels skit a few years ago.Criminal Law SpecialistHis academic specialty is criminallaw. He helped investigate the Chicago Police Department under theChicago Crime Commission and whilein Germany at the University ofFrankfurt in 1953 as an exchangeprofessor he lectured on police administration to German chiefs of police. He is author of A Manual ofCriminal Procedure for Police andAdministration of Criminal Law.Hans Rothfels, Professor of Historyfor 10 years, is already abroad. Heis serving as Professor of History atthe University of Tuebingen, Tue-bingen, Germany, where he will remain for three years until he is duefor emeritus status in accordance withGerman standards.He is editing a quarterly of contemporary history in Germany, and20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELEONARD D. WHITEErnest D. Burton DistinguishedService Professor of Political ScienceStephen LewellynFrom a painting by Edmund CiesbertKENNETH C. SEARSProfessor of Lawworking on a book concerning Bismarck and his social policy.Rothfels was a professor at theUniversity of Koenigsberg, Koenigs-berg, Germany, until removed by theNazis in 1934. Subsequently he servedon the faculties of St. John's College,Oxford, and Brown University. "AtChicago," he remarks, "I was givencomplete freedom to substantiate myown respective concepts and I suppose I could contribute to looseningup some standardized and petrifiedviews which the war naturally hadleft behind."His German Opposition to Hitlerwas published in 1948.Wilbur L. Beauchamp, Professor ofEducation and a faculty member for41 years, has a five-year plan alreadylaid out. He will spend his time revising a series of science texts he haswritten for grades one through ten,published by Scott, Foresman & Co.Beauchamp has divided his responsibilities at the University, devotinghalf of his professional time in theDepartment of Education and half inthe Divisions of Biological and Physical Sciences, teaching future scienceteachers.In summer he retreats to his "cloistered hideout" at Dune Acres, Ches terton, Indiana. He spends the restof the year at home in Hyde Park.He is an amateur photographer, andworks in 35 mm. color.Quincy Wright, long a Hyde Parkresident, will spend the next yearin New York, as Research Professorwith the Carnegie Endowment forInternational Peace. He had been afaculty member for 33 years. (Hisolder brother, Sewall Wright, retiredlast year. He is the Ernest D. Burton Distinguished Service ProfessorEmeritus of Zoology, and a world-famous geneticist.)Served With UNWright began serving as a University faculty member in 1923. His capacities in his field of internationalrelations brought him positions as consultant to the United Nations, UnitedStates Government agencies, and several foreign countries. He was a consultant to UNESCO in Paris in 1949,and to the High Commissioner ofGermany in 1949-50.He was a technical advisor to theAmerican members of the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg,Germany, in 1945, and served withformer Secretary of State SumnerWelles on the United Nations Com mission to Study the Organization ofthe Peace.He is the author of several books,including the classic A Study of War,1942; The World Community, 1948;and The Cause of War and The Conditions of Peace, 1935.Students and faculty in the Political Science Department alike willmiss the friendly guidance of LeonardD. White, who had been on the faculty for the past 36 years.White plans to continue his researchand writings in the field of publicadministration. He is the author ofa continuing series of books on American administrative history.The first of the series, The Federalists, received the Woodrow WilsonAward of the American Political Science Association in 1948. The third,The Jacksonians, was awarded theBancroft Prize by Columbia University in 1955.White combined his University academic career, dating from 1920, withgovernment positions based on hisknowledge of public administration.He has been a member of the first andsecond Hoover Commissions, theCivil Service Commission, and thePresident's Committee on Civil Service Improvements.OCTOBER, 1956 21News Of The QuadranglesSchool of BusinessNames Wallis DeanBurns And Lorie Named Associate DeansWILSON ALLEN WALLIS, ProfeSSOrand Chairman of the Committeeon Statistics and Professor in theSchool of Business and the Department of Economics, has been namedDean of the School of Business.Named at the same time as Associate Deans of the School were JamesH. Lorie, Professor of Business Administration, School of Business, andRobert K. Burns, Professor in theSchool of Business and the SocialSciences, and Executive Officer of theIndustrial Relations Center.Professor Royal S. Van de Woes-tyne, who had been acting dean sincethe resignation of John Jeuck in 1955,will resume teaching duties. Wallis is currently on leave of absence with the Center for AdvancedStudy in the Behaviorial Sciences inStanford, Calif. Lorie will carry onthe administrative affairs of theSchool, consulting with Wallis, until^he latter's return next year.The newly appointed deans havealready begun to make plans for thefuture of the School."We hope to expand the faculty infields we now cover, and to add moreas we add new areas to the curriculum," Lorie said. "Part of ourexpansion calls for focusing modernmathematics on modern businessproblems. We hope to attract peoplefor research and development in thisfield." "We are expecting a dramatic increase in our on-campus enrollment,"he said. "Long-range developmentplans call for more adequate physicalfacilities to meet such increases.""It's too early to outline a specificprogram," he continued. "But we arequite optimistic that we will buildthe School into a pre-eminent center of business education and research."Wallis received his AB in psychology from the University of Minnesotain 1932. He was a fellow in economicsat the University from 1933-5, at'Columbia University from 1935-6.He has taught at Yale Universityand Stanford Universities, and wasDirector of the Statistical ResearchRobert K. Burns James H. Lorie W. Allen Wallis: Louise Barker22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEStephen LewellynAn old landmark comes down. Workmen tear down the veterans' prefabs atWoodlawn and 58th Street, to make way for the new women's residence halls.Group at Columbia University from1942-46. He also served as a CarnegieResearch Associate with the NationalBureau of Economic Research from1939-41.He became Professor of Statisticsin the School of Business in 1946, andChairman of the Committee on Statistics in 1949. He added the title Professor of Economics in the Departmentof Economics in 1952.Wallis took a leave in 1953-4 to become Director of the Program ofUniversity Surveys of the BehaviorialSciences for the Ford Foundation. In1955 he was chairman of a StudyGroup to look into the need for a newcyclopedic treatment of the SocialSciences.Lorie received his AB in economicsin 1942, and his AM in agriculturaleconomics in 1945, both from CornellUniversity. He received a PhD inbusiness from the University in 1947.He is a member of Phi Beta Kappaand Beta Gamma Sigma.He taught at Cornell before comingto Chicago in 1945. He is a seniorconsultant with the firm of Joel DeanAssociates, management consultants,a post he has held since 1952. Onleave from the University in 1950-52,he served as a consultant to the Boardof Governors of the Federal ReserveSystem.Burns was graduated from the University of Washington in Seattle andtook graduate work at the LondonSchool of Economics and the University. Upon graduation he and anassociate founded a successful business in the publishing and laboratoryinstrument field.During the war he served successively as Regional Director of theNational War Mediation Board,Chairman of the Chicago RegionalWar Labor Board, Chairman of theDaily Newspaper Commission, andSpecial Assistant to the Administratorfor Veterans' Affairs. A few yearsago he was named one of the ten outstanding young Americans of the yearby the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce.Burns, who will handle the development program, is currently engaged in research on employe andorganization morale, white collar unionism, retirement planning and management development.Name Meadville PresidentDr. Sidney E. Mead, Professor ofthe History of American Christianityon the Federated Theological Facultyhas been named president of Meadville Theological School, effectiveOctober 1. Dr. Mead will replace Wallace W.Robbins, president of Meadville since1944, who resigned at the end of thesummer quarter to assume the pastorate of the Unitarian Church ofWorcester, Worcester, Mass.Dr. Mead joined the faculty in 1941.He is a specialist in the study of therelationship of American Christianityto the general, social, political, andintellectual history of America. He isthe author of Nathaniel William Taylor, A Connecticut Liberal.Dr. Mead received his A.B. fromthe University of Redlands, Calif., in1934, A.M. in 1938 and Ph.D. in 1940,both from the University.Robbins became Meadville Presidentimmediately after that school joinedwith the Chicago Theological Seminary (Congregational), the DisciplesDivinity House (Disciples of Christ),and the University's Divinity School(Baptist), to forrn the FederatedTheological Faculty. He served asChairman of the Cabinet of the Federated Faculty while its curriculumwas being established.From 1948 until 1953 he was Associate Dean of Rockefeller Chapel,a position he left because of the pressure of his other duties. One of hisreasons for leaving the presidency isthe lessening of his duties followingthe appointment of Jerald C. Brauerto Deanship of the Federated Facultyin 1955.Robbins became minister of the third largest Unitarian Church, witha membership of approximately 1,500,when he went to Worcester. Heserved as minister of the Unitarianchurch of St. Paul, St. Paul, Minnesota, before coming to Chicago.Wiley Speaks HereThe theme of the 32nd NormanWait Harris Memorial Foundation'sInstitute, held on the quadranglesfrom June 26-30, was "United StatesForeign Policy and International Organization."Senator Alexander Wiley of Wisconsin was one of the principalspeakers at the Institute. Others included Walter H. C. Laves of IndianaUniversity, Ernest Gross, and FrancisO. Wilcox. Laves is former DeputyDirector General of UNESCO, Grossis former U. S. Ambassador to theU.N., and Wilcox is Assistant Secretary of State in charge of U.N. affairs.New Law ProfessorNicholas de Belleville Katzenbach,a specialist in international law, hasjoined the Law School as Professorof Law.Katzenbach comes to Chicago fromYale Law School, where he had beena member of the faculty since 1952.Prior to that he had been counsel forthe Department of the Air Force.OCTOBER, 1956 23He received an A.B. from PrincetonUniversity in 1945 and an LL.B. fromYale Law School in 1947. He thenspent two years at Oxford Universityin England as a Rhodes Scholar.Quantrell AwardsFour members of the College facultyreceived $1,000 apiece for "excellencein undergraduate teaching" under theLlewellyn John and Harriet Manchester Quantrell Awards, in June. Theawards, which are made annually,were established in 1938 by ErnestE. Quantrell, an alumnus and trusteeof the University. Their purpose is to"encourage and reward outstandingteaching, contributing to preparationof students for participation and leadership in such general pursuits asbusiness, civic, and professional life."Winners of the 1955-56 awards:Harold J. F. Gall, Assistant Professor of Natural Science in the College,who teaches in the general course inthe biological sciences. He is notedfor his research on plant growth, inaddition to his teaching.Christian W. Mackauer, AssociateProfessor and Chairman of the College history staff, who teaches thegeneral course on Western Civilization. His special scholarly fields areancient history and the sociology ofreligion.Joshua C. Taylor, Assistant Professor in the College and the Department of Art, who teaches in the general course in the humanities, andwhose special interest is the historyof art.Mrs. Rosalie H. Wax, AssistantProfessor of Anthropology, who is amember of the staff of the generalcourse in the social sciences. Socialand applied anthropology is her particular interest.Faculty FulbrightsThree faculty members receivedFulbright research awards this year.Isidore Gersh, Professor of Anatomy, taught electronic microscopytechniques, (developed at the University), to research workers at theAnatomical Institute of the Universityof Oslo for the summer quarter.Helen L. Koch, Professor of Psychology, and the Committee on HomeEconomics, will lecture on child psychology at the University of Frankfurt this fall.Homer Goldberg, Assistant Professor of English, will teach Americanliterature and criticism at the University of Venice during the 1956-57academic year. Stephen Lewellyn• Morris S. KharaschOrganic Chemistry HeadMorris S. Kharasch, Gustavus F.and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Chemistry, has beennamed head of the recently established Institute of Organic Chemistry.The Institute will conduct fundamental research in organic chemistry andwill cooperate with the chemical industry in research of mutual interest.Bi Sci AppointmentsTwo new appointments have beenannounced by the Division of Biological Sciences. The appointmentsare to the Division's medical staff.Dr. R. Hugh Dickinson, formerlypart time Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the University of NebraskaMedical School, has been named Associate Professor of Psychiatry. Dr.Dickinson was in private practice inOmaha, Nebraska.Dr. J. Frederick Bell has been appointed director of viral and rickettsial fever research for the U. S. Navyin Cairo, Egypt, a project directed bythe University. Dr. Bell was previously a staff member of the U. S.Public Health Service at the RockyMountain Research Laboratory inMontana.Nuclear Energy InstituteArgonne National Laboratory, operated for the U. S. Atomic EnergyCommission by the University, openedits doors to sixty-one faculty members from thirty-six American engineering colleges and universities inJune.The faculty members were enrolledin a two month Nuclear Energy Institute, designed to help them addnuclear engineering to the subjects A Time forREASSESSMENT(Continued from Page 13)In January, 1954, Lloyd was appointed by President Eisenhower tobe deputy to Director Harold E.Stassen of the Foreign OperationsAdministration, (later became deputy director). He served in F.O.A.for about a year.Lloyd is also vice-president of theUnited Republican Fund for Illinois,formerly the Republican Citizens'Finance Committee of Illinois, ofwhich he was vice-president from1949 to 1956; member of the boardsof the Chicago Crime Commission andthe Metropolitan Housing and Planning Council.When you visit Lloyd in his quietly -decorated, brown-walled office on LaSalle Street, one of the first thingsyou notice is a handsome photographof President Eisenhower, inscribedwith warm personal greetings toLloyd.Lloyd's Republican interests do notkeep him from having cordial relations with his next-door neighbor inLiber tyville, Adlai E. Stevenson,Democratic candidate for the presidency. In fact, the Lloyd family wentcalling on Stevenson the day afterhis nomination, to congratulate him.(When Stevenson's dog, Ardy, bitJohnny Lloyd next day as he rode byon his bike, Lloyd expressed amusement at the fuss made over it bylocal newspapers. "It was just ascratch. I guess Ardy was excited byall the publicity," he remarked.)The Lloyds like to go horsebackriding together, as a family, and theykeep horses at their Libertyvillehome. They are also enthusiasticskiers, and like to get away from thecity in winter for skiing on the slopesat Aspen.In recognition of his many volunteer efforts in civic affairs, Lloyd wasawarded an Alumni Citation in 1954.they teach. The Institute was thefirst of its kind. It was sponsoredjointly by the Laboratory, the AtomicEnergy Commission, the AmericanSociety for Engineering Education,the National Science Foundation, andNorthwestern University.In addition, seventy-six facultymembers and forty-one students fromsixty-three American educational institutions were accepted for summeremployment at Argonne. The Laboratory makes such appointments an.-nually to encourage teaching andresearch in fields related to atomicenergy.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThis Is My Faith: The Convictionsof Representative Americans Today,edited by Stewart G. Cole, AM '19,DB '20, PhD '29, Harper and Brothers New York, 1956. Pp. viii, 291.$4.50.Of the making of symposia thereis no end. Professor Cole's bookis a theological smorgasbord — miscellaneous, savory, redundant, and filling — but it is not a mere hors d'oeuvreplatter like some recent "This I Believe" symposia in which everyone(from the peanut vendor to the movieactress and radio huckster) sets forthhis Weltanschauung and pontificateson his deep personal faith in the Mrs.Miniver tradition of breakfast roomhedonism or the Stephen Decatur tradition of pious chauvinism. Thetwenty-five contributors to this symposium include many of the leadingscientists, teachers and philosophersof our time. Only six or eight couldbe called theologians.University of Chicago alumni maybe especially interested in the chapters written by five professors emeritiof their Alma Mater: William ClaytonBower, Winfred E. Garrison, A.Eustace Haydon, Henry Nelson Wie-man, and Quincy Wright. The editor,who is a Fellow of the Conferenceon Science, Philosophy and Religion,also once taught at the University ofChicago.All but two of the writers have haddistinguished academic careers inAmerican institutions of higher learning, One is a labor educator; one anauthority on personnel administration.Three were born in Germany, two inCanada, two in Russia, two in England, one in Switzerland and one inTurkey. The others are native Americans. The academic disciplines represented include anthropology, biology, classics, education, mathematics,philosophy, physics, psychology, religious education, comparative religion, sociology and theology. Thedenominational spectrum is fairlyrepresentative: some identify themselves £s Jews, Calvinists, Methodists,Disciples, Baptists, Episcopalians,Quakers, and Unitarians. There area number of types of "humanist",and some eschew religious identification altogether.In addition to the Chicago scholarsthere are many names whose impressive achievements and fame stirone's curiosity to examine theirOCTOBER, 1956 creeds. For example: Albert Einstein;Philipp G. Frank; (Einstein's successor at Prague), Ernest Hocking;Theodore M. Greene; William H. Kil-patrick; Robert Ulich; Simon Greenberg; Paul Arthur Schilpp; GardnerMurphy; Ashley Montagu; Pitirim A.Sorokin; Mark Starr and OrdwayTead. Most of these- men are theauthors of numerous books in theirrespective fields.In an attempt to organize the unities and diversities of opinion and tomake the book useful for the common reader Cole asked each writerto address himself to five questions:(1) In the Judaeo- Christian religions,stripped of their divergent ethnic,doctrinal, and structural factors, whatreligious values do you think shouldbe emphasized in contemporarythought and practice? (2) In the lightof the world view that modern science is unfolding, what grounds haveyou for religious convictions aboutcosmic reality? Do you think that itcares for man's well-being? (3) Arethe human values expressing thegenius of the democratic movementand of personal moral character intrinsic elements of your religiousfaith? (4) Do you assume that thesupreme values available to moralman, of whatever source, are aspectsof spiritual reality? (5) Does the concept "God" serve an essential purposein your rationale of religion? If sowhat is the particular content of yourinference when you use this concept?A Disturbing QuestionThese questions are obviously predicated on the assumption that thethree major forces contributing tothe making of Western cilivilizationare the Judaeo-Christian tradition,the field and world view of science,and the democratic movement. Thesequestions are all of fundamental importance to every thoughtful person,but this form of assignment limits andrigidifies the essays in style and scope.Most of the writers express implicitor explicit indebtedness to Judaismand Christianity for basic ideas andvalues, yet few of them are interestedin the institutional or social expression of these convictions. This posesa disturbing question: what is therole of the intellectual in perpetuatingand enriching these religious traditions? These scholars accept a religious and moral pluralism based upon tolerance and confessed ignoranceof other systems. Thus the real issuesof pluralism are not sharpened. Theuniversalism advocated is based moreupon goodwill and a priori assump tions about man than upon an examination of the resources and limitations of diverse religious and valuesystems. Rabbi Greenberg does ablycriticize the form of Cole's first question, arguing that without "ethnic,doctrinal, and structural factors" religious values are pious vacuities.Nearly all the contributors wouldconsider themselves empiricists, naturalists, and immanentists (if theis-tic). Several are positivists. All areat home in the modern scientificworld view; all would assume evolution without benefit of Herbert Spencer. Yet in ihost cases there is ahiatus between the scientific assumptions and the religious or theologicalconclusions. No one attempts thescientific -metaphysical task with theseriousness or the insight of a vonWeizsaecker.Universal approval of democraticvalues and methods is expressed butlittle or no attention is given to thealternative power and economic structures which may enhance or frustrate the democratic process. OnlyKeller and Wieman sense the possibility that democracy itself may become a false religion or a bearer ofdemonic values. Many acknowledgethe religious roots of democratic values. No one else makes the sharpdistinction which Quincy Wright demands between "the realm of personal values (religion and morals)and the realm of group values (lawand politics)."In general there is much more axio-logical than metaphysical interest.All would recognize that skepticismis a normal attitude of every devoutperson seeking truth. Most of thewriters would retain the concept"God" as a symbol of some level ofgeneralized existence. But there islittle or no grappling with the basicissues of theism. Only two writersmention the problem of evil. Most ofthem would advocate an autonomousethic — with or without a metaphysic.The experience and ideas interpreted are drawn less from the fieldof organized religion than from thegeneral and specialized labors of thescholars. But a number of the moreincisive writers move beyond conceptual thinking to draw upon man'stotal experience of feeling, of related -ness, of subverbal "depth".Little reference is made to specificphilosophers or theologians. (Surelyit is a distinction of some sort for acurrent American book on religion tomake no reference to Reinhold Niebuhr!) But the underlying or implicit influences would seem to be theuniversalism of Kant's categorical im-25a Nass \vnvsperative, coupled with extreme skepticism; the cosmic loneliness and rational responsibility of Pascal (who,interestingly enough, is a dominantinfluence upon the French existentialists); and considerable direct or indirect influence of Whitehead's philosophy of process.To this reviewer the chapters byUlich, Keller and Wieman are themost profound and stimulating in thebook. Ulich and Keller are maturecitizens of the world and deal knowl-edgeably with universal problems andtensions. Wieman's honest audacityand freshness force one to face nakedissues and to move beyond the suffocating comfort of all traditions to thebasic questions of the meaning of human existence as man attains thehuman level through communication,appreciation, freedom and creativity.This symposium is not a Ba'haiTemple of smooth eclecticism nor isit a defense of any received faith.But in a sense it represents a modestprolegomenon to a non- doctrinairereligious existentialism, with lessangst and more catholicity and hopethan one finds in the imported variety.John B. ThompsonDean, Rockefeller Memorial ChapelAssociate Professor,Federated Theological FacultyNed Merriam DiesNed Merriam, 71, retired University track coach, died at the home ofhis daughter, Mrs. Leslie Johnson, ofTinley Park, Illinois, July 9.He coached Maroon track teamsfrom 1929 to 1950. As a Universitystudent, he was a track and footballstar from 1905 to 1908. In his specialevent, the quarter mile, he was allbut unbeatable. His only defeat fromhis days at Wayland Academy, Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, came in the metric version of the quarter mile, the400 meters, in the 1908 Olympics inLondon.He was also a low hurdler. In football he was a fullback on the Chicagochampionship team of 1908.Merriam coached at various colleges and universities until 1927, whenhe retired to his stock and dairy farmat Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. The nextyear A. A. Stagg drafted him to coachat Chicago.His teams won a total of 120 meetsin his 22 years on the Midway, andhe coached a score of Big Ten andNational Collegiate champions.His widow, the former Harriet Es-tabrooke Wilkes, is a Universityalumna of 1908. 03-07Narcissa Cox Vanderlip (Mrs. FrankA.), '03, Alumni Citation winner in 1942,had the honorary degree of Doctor ofHumane Letters conferred upon her inJune by the Women's Medical Collegeof Pennsylvania, in recognition cf heroutstanding contributions to the development of the New York Infirmary.Edward Eagle Brown, '04, was honoredin June when his portrait was unveiledin the assembly room of the ChicagoClearing House Association. He is chairman of the First National Bank of Chicago. The portrait, by Chicago artistJohn Doctoroff, will hang in the assemblyroom along with portraits of other prominent Chicago bankers.Frank Luther Mott, PhB '07, DeanEmeritus and Professor of Journalism atthe University of Missouri, retired inJune. He won the Pulitzer Prize in history in 1939 for the second volume ofhis four volume History of AmericanMagazines.George R. Martin, '07, of Los Angeles,is the author of book just published:The Clarke Story. It is the life storyof the late Mr. and Mrs. Chauncey D.Clarke, particularly as it relates to theHollywood Bowl history, (of which Mrs.Clarke was a charter member), andClaremont College, to which she contributed generously.George, retired from the vice -presidency of the Los Angeles Security FirstNational Bank, has been an officer ofthe Hollywood Bowl Association and isa trustee of Claremont College. He wascited for good citizenship by our AlumniAssociation in 1949.09-11Dr. Charles F. Nelson, '09, MD '11,spoke on chronic degeneration before theeighth annual American Academy ofGeneral Practice in Washington, D. C,last March.I. Leo Wolkow, '09, retired from themanufacturing business in Louisville,Ky., in 1955, spent about a year anda half between California and Arizona,and has now settled in Menlo Park, California. Ruth Wolkow Shnider, (Mrs.Jack C), SM '37, lives nearby in Bur-lingame and is a nuclear physicist withthe Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunter's Point, San Francisco.10-11Abigail Lazelli, '10, AM '31, is nowliving in the King's Daughter's Home forWomen in Springfield, Illinois.Herbert F. Hancox, '10, AM '11, issuperintendent of the newly incorporated John C. Lincoln Hospital in Phoenix,Arizona, and continues as administratorof the Desert Mission. The phenomenalgrowth of the area has necessitated thisexpansion of medical services previouslyhandled by the Mission alone.Mrs. Mary E. Titzel Riefstahl, (Mrs.R. M.), '11, has retired as Assistant Curator of Ancient Art and has been appointed Associate Curator Emeritus ofthe Wilbour Collection at the BrooklynMuseum, Brooklyn, N. Y. She plans toreside near her daughter, Mrs. LudwigBabral, in Essex, Mass.13-14Adele Whitney, '13, retired this summerfrom the staff of the University's Library.She joined the staff in 1928, had beenhead of the Cataloging Department since1943. She plans to travel, keeping Chicago as home base.Glenn Mather, '13, managing directorof the Fibre Drum Manufacturers Association in New York City is one of the1956-57 lecturers at Columbia University's evening graduate courses in PackageEngineering. Glenn is a brother ofColonel William J. Mather, '17, (retired),former bursar of the University.Harold T. Mead, SM '14, retired fromteaching at Rider College in June andhas moved to Pendleton, S. C, the homeof his son, Dr. Hervey W. Mead.Walter F. Coolidge, AM '14, was honored on his 80th birthday, July 25, byfellow-Rotarians in Granite City, 111. Heis a charter member of the group. Mrs.Coolidge was a special guest.Coolidge, who retired in 1945 after 32years with the Granite City school system, is still very active in the RotaryClub, as well as numerous other civicaffairs. His service to the communitywas eulogized by Supt. Paul A. Grigsby.J. Leonard Schermer, AB '39, JD '41,a former Granite Cityan, now of St.Louis, spoke on "Labor Relations — 1956"at the luncheon.Lydia Lee Pearce, '14, was on campusin late August after Wfe years in Guamwith her civil engineer husband, who hasbeen doing cost and control engineeringfor the Navy. They flew from Guam toCalifornia, bought a Lincoln, and crossedthe country through Colorado, whereMr. Pearce did his college work. Granddaughter Susan, 12, Helen Pearce All-and's daughter, traveled with them. ThePearces plan to return to Guam this fall.15Joseph P. Carey, SB, SM '32, head ofthe Central Michigan College GeographyDepartment, will retire this year afterserving the College for thirty-one years,26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtwenty of these as chairman of the Central Michigan athletic committee.Henry R. Kraybill, SM, PhD '17, vicepresident and director of research andeducation of the American Meat Institute Foundation, was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by Purdue University in June. The award wasmade "for outstanding scientific, educational and administrative achievements."16-17James E. Moffat, AM '16, PhD '24, retired as Professor of Economics at Indiana University in 1954. He served asVisiting Lecturer of Economic Theoryat the University of Colorado in 1955.Lorna Lavery Stafford (Mrs. MauriceL.), '16, spent two days in Chicago inApril, attending the Midwest Conferenceon Graduate Research. Her husband isDean of Graduate Studies at Mexico CityCollege.Norman W. Harris, PhB '17, of Win-netka, has served as a volunteer boardmember of Goodwill Industries of Chicago for the past 25 years, and is president of the board. He and his wife, theformer Josephine H. Rogers, '17, raisepure-bred Arab horses on their farmnear Lake Geneva, Wis. Harris is amember of the board of Harris Trust Co.19-20James C. Hemphill, '19, was electedtrustee of the Orchestral Association, thegoverning body of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, in June.Martin Hayes Bickham, AM 19, PhD'22, has continued to serve various agencies that have required guidance on facing and bettering race relations, as a consultant in race relations. He was firstChairman of the Illinois Committee onRace Relations, in 1943.Frederick Augustus Grant Cowper,PhD '20, Professor Emeritus of RomanceLanguages at Duke University, receivedan honorary Doctor of Humane Lettersdegree in June at the 130th commencement of Trinity College. Dr. Cowper isan authority on old French Literature.Henry W. Kennedy, '20, made an extensive trip around the U.S. and Canadain May. In Los Angeles he visited hisbrother, Walter Kennedy, '23.21William Polk Jesse was awarded anhonorary Doctor of Science degree bythe University of Missouri in June. From1934 until 1941 he served as a ResearchAssociate and Assistant Professor ofPhysics at the University.John A. Logan, President of the National Association of Food Chains, Washington, D. C, was awarded an honorarydegree of Doctor of Laws in June bythe New Mexico College of Agricultureand Mechanic Arts in State College,N. M. He is a member of Beta Theta Pi. A Ride On "Rosie"Maude Dival, PhB '19, visited London,Frankfurt, Instanbul, Beirut, Cairo,Athens, Rome and Paris this spring. Oneof the highlights of the trip was aride to the Pyramids on "Rosie," a whitecamel. She is the author of "Garden Home,"an article which appeared in the January issue of Popular Gardening, and received the highest award in a literarycontest of the N. J. State Federation ofWomen's Clubs. Her topic was "WillEisenhower Die In Office?" She residesin Montclair, N. J.Ruby K. Worner, '21, SM '22, PhD '25,who has always looked after our alumniand University interests in New Orleans,was on campus for the Chancellor's Conference and the Reunion in early June.This visit was followed by what shecalled a West Indies island hopping holiday before she returned to her researchposition with the U.S. Department ofAgriculture in New Orleans.Howard R. Moore, SM '22, PhD '24,is with the U.S. Naval Air DevelopmentCenter, Johnsville, Pa. Son Howard Jr.,and daughter Ruth are graduates ofPenn State. Margaret Jean is at LockHaven State Teachers College, and Billy"has a yen for math."Helen Elcock, AM, was honored beforeher retirement at the twenty-seventhannual Shakespeare Dinner at KansasState College, Manhattan, Kansas, inApril, for her 36 years as "an outstand ing teacher" in the fields of Englishliterature and the Humanities.22Dr. Fred B. Haynes, '22, has been appointed Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering of the College ofEngineering of Drexel Institute of Technology, Phila., Pa. He had been withGlenn L. Martin Co., Baltimore, Md., ashead of missiles systems electronics.Dr. Julian F. Smith, PhD '22, hasjoined the staff of the National Bureauof Standards, U. S. Department of Commerce, in Washington, D. C. Dr. Smithis a technical documentation expert.Prior to this move, he spent four yearsas a documentation and technical information service consultant, largely at theLibrary of Congress.OCTOBER, 1956 27TOSUN LIFEASSURANCE COMPANYOF CANADAFor constantly striving toprovide the finest and mostup-to-date life insuranceservice to policyholders andbeneficiaries over more thanthree-quarters of a century.For affording security andprotection to the holders oftwo million policies in 25countries.For reaching men withleadership responsibilities inbusiness, industry and government service — throughtheMIDWESTALUMNI MAGAZINESThe Ohio State MonthlyThe Michigan AlumnusThe MinnesotaThe Wisconsin AlumnusThe Purdue AlumnusThe Indiana Alumni MagazineUniversity of Chicago MagazineTotal Combined CirculationOver 94,000For full information write orphone Birge Kinne, 22 WashingtonSq. North, New York, N. Y.GRamercy 5-2039 23Frances M. Christeson, '23, assumed theassistant librarianship of the City of Pasadena, California, in July. Previously,she had been working for the Los Angeles County library system.Meyer Halushka, '23, SM '33, Professorof Botany at Wright Junior College, Chicago, was among 51 botany teacherswho received grants to attend an institute at Cornell University this summer,sponsored by the Botanical Society ofAmerica.24Seraphine S. Scribner, '24, owns andoperates Scribner Office Service in PaloAlto, California.Mary-Lyell Swett Rogers, (Mrs. O.Crandall); ?24, received a Master of Science degree from Western Reserve University, Cleveland, O., in June. She is ateaching fellow in charge of the HomeManagement House in the Departmentof Home Economics at Western Reserve.25John M. Stalnaker, AM '28, presidentof the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from Purdue University inJune. The degree was in recognition ofmeritorious service in the fields of business and industry, education, and humanrelations.Lucile Evans Swendsen, (Mrs. HaroldL.), SM, retired from twenty-seven yearsof teaching at Wisconsin State College,Milwaukee, this year. She is anticipatingretirement with her husband to Vallejo,Calif., where she will spend increasedtime on her hobby of horticulture.26M. S. Handler, foreign correspondentfor The New York Times, is chief of theTimes' German Bureau in Bonn.A. Adrian Albert, SB, SM '27, PhD '28,Professor of Mathematics at the University, has been appointed Visiting Professor of Mathematics at Yale Universityfor the coming academic year. Professor Albert will conduct a seminar onresearch in linear algebras jointly withProfessor Nathan Jacobson of Yale.Virgil E. Foster, AM, is editor of theInternational Journal of Religious Education.Eldon R. Burke, AM, PhD '36, willteach world civilization and internationalrelations at Manchester College, NorthManchester, Indiana, this year. For thepast two years he has been in Iraq,working with relief agencies.27Theodore H. Harley, PhB, has beenelected assistant cashier of the HarrisTrust and Savings Bank, Chicago. Aveteran of twenty-eight years with the bank, he is now manager of its bookkeeping department.Joseph Pois, AM, PhD '29, vice-president of Signode Steel Strapping Co., ofChicago, is a recent appointee to theChicago School Board. He is also president of the Metropolitan Housing andPlanning Council.Herbert F. Geisler, JD '29, Chicagoalderman of the 34th ward since 1947,was married to his secretary, LucilleBeutler, on August 24.28-29Helen Williamson, PhB '28, AM '32, isthe kindergarten director of St. John'sLutheran School, Springfield, Pa. She isassisted by student teachers from nearbyTemple College.Raymond J. Lussenhop, '28, AM '32, isassistant principal of Austin High Schoolin Chicago.Leonard W. Erickson, '28, University ofChicago Purchasing Agent, has been appointed an assistant business manageron special projects at the University.Herbert Spencer Futran, '29, is a freelance writer in Chicago.30Jerome L. Wenk has been appointeddistrict sales manager for Brown & Bigelow in Chicago.J. W. Keener, AM, has been electedexecutive vice president of The B. F.Goodrich Co., Akron, Ohio.Michael Keys Copass, JD, was appointed judge of the Superior Court ofthe State of Washington for King Countyin March. He was formerly a partnerin Kumm, Copass and Cook, a Seattlelaw firm. Mike settled in Seattle aftergraduation from the Law School, andhas built up a large practice, which heleft to take the judgeship.31Norman Imrie was the principalspeaker at the Twelfth Annual MasonicBreakfast in Columbus, Ohio, April 22.Mary Emma McKinney, PhD, retiredfrom the faculty of Albion College, willbe Whitney Visiting Professor of Classicsat Austin College, Sherman, Texas forthe academic year 1956-57.Norman B. Johnson, PhD, Chairmanof the Committee on Religious Life atUnion College, Schenectady, N. Y., hasbeen promoted to Professor of Religionthere. His wife, Genevieve GoodmanJohnson is also a University of Chicagograduate, AM '32.Dr. E. V. Pullias, AM, has been namedchairman of the Los Angeles CountyBoard of Education for the 1956-57 academic year. He will continue his regularduties as Dean of George PepperdineCollege, a post he has held since 1950.Julian D. Weiss, JD '33, who used todance the ping pong balls across theReynolds Club tables, has established ascholarship in the division of the Physi-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEcal Sciences in memory of his father,David H. Weiss. Julian, who has hisMBA from the Harvard School of Business, is a general partner in the LosAngeles First Investment Co. — investment counseling. His wife was ShirleyWarsaw. They have two children, David,17 and Lawrence, 14.33Minnie Susan Buckingham, AM, headof the Department of English at SiouxFalls College, South Dakota, was awarded an honorary L.L.D. from ManchesterCollege, North Manchester, Indiana, inMay. She was the first woman to havean honorary doctorate degree conferredupon her by that college.Karsten Cobb Flory is assistant director, industrial relations, of Allis Chalmers Mfg. Co. in Milwaukee.Betty Churchill is a statistician withthe Department of Commerce in Washington.Ruth Oliver Secord, SB, AM '46, passedher final oral examinations for the degree of Doctor of Education at the University of Southern California in July.Her dissertation was an exploratorystudy of the opinions of Chicago elementary school teachers regarding their rolein guidance.34Leland D. Case has been named by theMethodist Publishing House as editor ofits new mass circulation family magazine, Together. The first issue is scheduled to appear this month. The newmagazine will replace Christian Advocateas the family magazine of the Church.Probably the most interesting andunique .news in the Whittier family ofSt. Petersburg, Florida is that SarahJane, '34, AM '46, is "Miss Sally" onher original daily kindergarten programover WSUN-TV. Husband Taylor, '36, AM '38, PhD '48, is assistant superintendent of schools of Pinellas County, Florida.Alina Drake, SB, Berkeley, Calif., received a Master of Public Health degreefrom Harvard University in June. Journalism at Northwestern Universityon August 28.35Stanford O. Ege of Duff & Phelps waselected president of the InvestmentAnalysts Society of Chicago.Irvin M. Lunger, AM, DB '36, PhD '38,was named academic dean of Transylvania College, Lexington, Ky., in June.Philip C. White, PhD '38, is back inChicago as manager of research for theStandard Oil Company.Sara Gwin Ramsey was in Chicagoin July from North Hollywood, Calif.,where her husband, Edwin L. Ramsey,Jr., is director of merchandising with theRexall Drug Co.Lt. Col. Waldemar Solf, JD '37, helpedrun LOGEX 56, one of the Army's largest peacetime logistical exercises, at FortLee, Virginia, recently.Roger A. Baird, '35, JD '38, who practiced law in Chicago, has moved withhis family to Neenah, Wisconsin wherehe heads up the law department of Kim-berly Clark Corp. Mrs. Baird was EvelynRittenhouse, '34. Chairman of the Boardof Kimberly Clark is Cola G. Parker,11, JD '12.John Knox, PhD, Professor at UnionTheological Center, received an honoraryDoctor of Sacred Theology degree fromEmory University, Atlanta, Georgia, inMay. Dr. Knox is a former editor of theJournal of Religion.Howard P. Hudson, public relationsconsultant for the National PlanningAssociation and founding editor of pr,a quarterly review published by theAmerican Public Relations Association,was in Chicago in August. He appearedon a round table at the 1956 conventionof the Association for Education in 36Sarah T. Bergholz, (Mrs. A. C), received a Master of Social Work degreefrom the University of Pittsburgh inJune.Nicholas Monroe Smith Jr., SM, PhD'39, is an operations analyst for the Operations Research Office, Chevy Chase,Maryland.Fred A. Replogle, PhD, was awardedan honorary Doctor of Laws Degree atManchester College, North Manchester,Ind., in May. Replogle is a partner inthe Chicago firm of Rohrer, Hibler &Replogle, psychological consultants tomanagement.Hilmer H. Laude, PhD, was honored atthe second Faculty Lectureship Dinnerof Kansas State College, Manhattan,Kansas, last February. He is Professorof Agronomy, and Agronomist, at theAgricultural Experiment Station, and hasbeen associated with Kansas State College from 1911-13, and from 19210 tothe present.37William N. Hawley, AM, DB '38, formerly Dean of Students and Lecturerin the Divinity School at Chicago, is thenew rector of Holy Trinity EpiscopalChurch, Oxford, Ohio.Harold H. Rhodes, SM, is with theDepartment of State in Saigon, Viet-Nam.Dr. Nathan L. Gerrard, AM '40, hasbeen appointed Associate Professor ofSociology at Wilmington College, Wilmington, O.Dr. Raymond E. Weston, MD '41, PhD'42, is head of cardio-vascular and metabolic research service at MontefioreHospital, New York City. His wife isthe former Lynn Hedelman, AB '39.Nlllllf ¦ PREMIUMS RETURNEDIIU iff ¦ IF YOU LIVE TO 65A BRAND NEW SUN LIFE PLAN WHICH:1 | Provides life insurance protection to age 65.2 I Returns all basic annual premiums paid, plus dividends, if you live to 65.3 I Is available for male and female lives ages 15 to 50.At 65, the funds can be (a) taken in cash; (b) used to provide an annuity; (c) left on deposit at a guaranteedrate of interest; (d) used to purchase a paid-up policy for the original sum insured (without evidence ofinsurability on advance election) and the balance taken in cash or as a guaranteed income.Inquire now about this remarkable new Sun Life Plan. For further particulars seeyour local agent or write: Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, Box 5102Southfield Stn., Detroit 35, Michigan, or P.O. Box 2406, San Francisco, Calif.SUN LIFE OF CANADAOCTOBER, 1956 2938Graham S. Newell, '38, AM '49, droppedin at Alumni House in August on hisway to the San Francisco RepublicanNational Convention. Graham is a statesenator from St. Johnsbury, Vermontand an editorial writer for the dailyCaledonian Record in St. Johnsbury.He was a delegate to the convention anda reporter for his paper.Dr. Ben B. Blivaiss, SM '40, PhD '46,Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of the Chicago Medical School, has been electedpresident of the Chicago Section, Amer-""ican Federation for Clinical Research.Gertrude E. Polcar, JD '40, attorney,has new law offices in Parma, Ohio.Hugh M. Davidson, PhD '46, waselected full Professor of the Departmentof Romance languages at DartmouthCollege in June. A student of Frenchliterature of the 17th Century, he hascontributed to Modern Philology, theJournal of General Education and TheFrench Review. His wife, the formerLoretta Jane Miller, received her PhBfrom Chicago in 1950.A. Louise Hinkley received her Master of Library Science degree from Catholic University, Washington, D. C, inJune. Since 1952 she has been a bookmobile librarian for the Prince GeorgeCounty Library in Hyattsville, Maryland.Ithiel deSola Pool, AM '39, PhD '52,and Jean N. MacKenzie, PhD '53, weremarried March 3. Pool is teaching atthe Center for International Studies atM.I.T. Mrs. Pool had been working inthe Psychology Department at Chicago.Phyllis R. Greene Mattingly and herhusband, John W., announce the birthof their third son, David Bruce, on June29. John Chester is Tfa and James Robert is 4%. Phyllis is still "WelcomeLady" for the town of Ft. Collins, Colo.39Howard S. Greenlee, AM '41, PhD '50,has been appointed Dean of Park College, in Parkville, Missouri. He previously was Associate Dean and Professorof History at Southwestern University,Georgetown, Texas.Julius E. Eitington, AM '40, is ChiefTraining Officer, National Park Service,Washington, D.C. Extra-curricularly, hereports, he is chairman, Pamphlets Program, Society for Personnel Administration, and Research Chairman, of theWashington, D.C. chapter, American Society of Training Directors. He lives inMcLean, Va.40T. Carter Harrison is Director of Development at Claremont Men's College inCalifornia.Jack Schubert, PhD '44, has beenawarded a post-doctoral fellowship bythe National Science Foundation andwill spend the year in Zurich, Switzer-30 Atwood Heads I.C.A. Latin OfficeRollin S. Atwood, '24, has been namedDirector of the International CooperationAdministration's Office of Latin AmericanOperations. He had been acting directorsince July, 1955.Prior to this assignment, Atwood wasDirector of the Department of State'sOffice of South American Affairs. He hadland, doing research chemistry. MaryNaeseth Schubert, PhB '48, AM '51, andtheir two daughters, Ann, 5, and Catherine, 3, will accompany him. The Schu-berts live in Villa Park, 111.George Leland Bach, PhD, Dean ofthe Graduate School of Industrial Administration at Carnegie Institute ofTechnology, was awarded an honoraryDoctor of Laws degree by Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa, in June.Martin Levit, AM '47, PhD '49, Associate Professor of Education at the University of Kansas City, will be a visitingProfessor of Education on a Fulbrightgrant at the University of Utrecht, Utrecht, Holland, for the coming academicyear. He will do research on comparative methods of investigation relating tothe development of critical thinking inchildren. In addition, he will teach acourse on modern social and intellectualdevelopments in Western culture andtheir educational implications.41Charles H. Percy, president of Belland Howell Co., received the sixth annual management award of NationalSales Executives, Inc., at its twenty-firstannual meeting in Chicago.Margeret M. Herdman, PhD, Professor of Library Science at Louisiana State been with the Department since 1942,serving in a series of positions dealingwith U.S. relations with Latin America.From 1928-42 he was Professor andChairman of the University of Florida'sDivision of Geography.C. W. Birely, I.C.A. Director of Personnel, (1.), administers the oath toAtwood.University, retired in June after twenty-five years of service. She has been credited with achieving much of "the highstandards and national reputation whichthe L.S.U. Library School affords" by thepresent school director.Daniel Zelinsky, SM '43, PhD '46, Associate Professor of Mathematics at Northwestern University, is doing research onabstract algebra under a Guggenheimfellowship at the Institute of AdvancedStudy, Princeton, N. J. He taught atChicago for two years following his doctoral degree.Charles W. Sternberg, SM, is an oilgeologist in Denver.Elizabeth Sessoms, AM, is a socialworker with the New York City HealthDepartment.Clifford A. Patrick, newly appointeddirector of the City of Winnipeg, Canada,has changed his residence from Ottawato that city.Hugh A. Frank, MD '44, has enteredthe private practice of surgery in ElCajon, California. Mrs. Frank was Barbara Dennis, SB '46.Carl Herbert Scaer, AM, is Chairmanof the Division of Language and Humanities at Concordia Teachers Collegein River Forest, 111.Morton Lee Pearce, MD '44, is anAssociate Professor of Medicine atU.C.L.A., directing cardiac research. HisTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwife is the former Ruth Schwartz, '44.They have three children.Jack I. Stone, Chicago, received aMaster in Public Administration fromHarvard University in June.Thomas A. Hart, PhD, Chief, Education Division U.S.O.M. to Bolivia, wasa member of the U.S. delegation to thesecond Inter-American Conference ofMinisters of Education meeting in Lima,Peru, in April and May. On May 14 heWas named Acting Director Servicio Cooperative Interamericano de- Salud Pub-lica, (Division of Health and SanitationU.S.O.M. to Bolivia), in La Paz, Bolivia.Joseph L. Mihelic, PhD, chairman ofthe Division of Biblical Studies at Dubuque Theological Seminary, has beenelected president of the Mid- West Section of the Society of Biblical Literatureand Exegesis. He is a specialist inSemitic languages and Oriental literature.42Richard Highsmith is administrator ofthe Samuel Merritt Hospital in Oakland,California.Robert A. Miller, (husband of Mary L.Price '43), has been appointed generalmanager of the eastern division of theCRYOVAC Co., with offices in Cambridge, Mass.Capt. Bernard Balikov, SM '51, hascompleted a thirty-four week advancedofficer course at the Army Medical Service School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.The course trained him in the 'tactical,administrative and professional duties ofa field grade officer.43Capt. Thomas A. Dvorsky, a memberof Phi Gamma Delta, recently arrived inKorea where he is a member of theKorean Military Advisory Group.Richard S. Hochman has joined theChicago office of Mayer and O'Brien,Inc., Chicago and Los Angeles publicrelations firm, as an account executive.Previously, Hochman was assistant publicity director of the Merchandise Mart,and prior to that a member of the publicinformation department of the NationalSafety Council.William B. Riley is an attorney inLittle Rock, Arkansas.Israel R. Kosloff, AM '45, is an economist with the Israeli Ministry of Finance in Jerusalem.Sydney D. Warshaw, PhD '49, andfamily are in Jerusalem where Warshawis with the Department of Physics ofHebrew University.Helen Pearce Alland lives in Hollywood, Calif., where her husband is aproducer with Universal-International.They have two children, Susan, 12, andJohn, 16 months.44John Edward Jackson, AM, PhD '45,has been appointed Associate Professorof Sociology and Economics at Tusculum College, Greeneville, Tenn. He has beenon the faculty at Doane College, Nebraska, since 1947, and spent the pastyear on leave completing a study of whattoday's college students think.Urchie B. Ellis, JD '49, is one of fourrecent appointments in the Law Department of the Illinois Central Railroad.He was named commerce attorney forthe line. His previous position was assistant to the general solicitor of theAtlantic Coast Line Railroad.Abe Sklar, PhB, SB '47, SM '48, received his PhD in mathematics fromCalifornia Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., in June.45Edith Ford Biddle, (Mrs. Reason H.),BLS, succeeded to the position of cataloging librarian at Manchester College,North Manchester, Ind., September 1.Lawrence E. Glick, MBA, is a staffassistant with American Telephone andTelegraph Co. in New York City.John McKey Dickerson is with theFirst and American National Bank, Duluth.Walter J. Levy, AM, has received anMSW from Washington University, St.Louis, Mo.The Rev. Arthur R. Koch has accepteda call to the Community ProtestantChurch in Mundelein, Illinois. Walter J. Levy, AM, received an AMin social work from Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., in June.Charlotte Green Schwartz, (Mrs. Morris), AM '47, is a sociologist with theNational Institutes of Health in Be-thesda, Maryland.Charles P. Schwartz, Jr., who wasgraduated from Harvard Law Schoolafter a brilliant college career at Chicago, practiced in New York and returned to the Harvard Law School as afaculty member, writes: " Joan and Iare returning to Chicago . . . permanently. Neither Manhattan nor Cambridge has lured me away ... I planto practice law (by myself) specializingin legal problems which involve publicrelations considerations ... an area Ihave been studying for the last two yearsand about which I am writing a book.We have found a nice apartment at 5715Kimbark and are looking forward to enjoying the fruits of the rehabilitationeffected in the University neighborhood. . . the improvement of the area isstriking."46John Adams Sibley, MD, received aPhD degree in urology from the University of Minnesota in June.Kathleen Black is a psychiatric nursing consultant for the National Leaguefor Nursing in N. 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Our clients include many foremost organizations.Increasing use of consulting services offers unlimited opportunity for arewarding, lifetime career in which your own initiative and capabilitiesdetermine your progress.QUALIFICATIONS• Outstanding, progressive experience of five years or more providing a sound, broad background in at least one of these fields:MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING ADMINISTRATIONINDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING FINANCE AND ACCOUNTINGPERSONNEL MARKETING• College degree; graduate work desirable • Age 28-38• Proven analytical ability • Executive personality and poiseSend a brief statement of your education, experience and personalbackground in full confidence toBoxlO, American Alumni Magazines22 Washington Square N., New York 11 , N. Y.OCTOBER, 1956 31»\f* ftt* ,0 *«* c«tf0»G°0D tn »tv\t OlvHCtJust calling up can brighten your dayThe telephone can be priceless in emergencies. It's the world's best helper when it comesto saving time, trips and trouble.But one of its greatest uses has nothing to dowith sudden need or calls to the grocer, dentist,hairdresser, electrician, department store, etc.It's to bring friends and families together. Just to be able to lift the receiver and talk toothers is one of the joys of the telephone.Isn't there some news you'd like to sharewith someone right now? And hasn't that someone some news you'd like to hear?A telephone call that costs so little can do somuch to brighten the day at both ends of the line.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM flJBLjTUNE IN "TELEPHONE TIME"... the TV program with John Nesbitt's real life stories the whole family can enjoy together., every Sunday over CBS ^SwW32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE"Cissie" Sophie Liebshutz Peltz kepther annual summer record perfect bydropping in at Alumni House while sheand Dick (Richard W. Peltz, AM '49, PhD'53) were on campus. Dick starts hisfourth year with Fresno State College,Calif., where he has been advanced toAssociate Professor of Philosophy. Cissiehas continued her cartooning from theWest Coast and you will be seeing moreof her clever characters in Cosmopolitanthe coming year.47J. Edward Askin, SB '50, is executivedirector of the Scientific Instrument Development Laboratory, Paris, Illinois.Edward George, MBA, is an investmentanalyst with the Citizens and SouthernNational Bank, Atlanta.Charlotte Garst became Mrs. Robert P.Ledeboer in February. She is a psychiatric social worker in San Francisco.John R. Reitz, SM, PhD '49, is AssistantProfessor of Physics at Case Institute ofTechnology.Frederick E. Wirth, PhD, his wife andsix children live in Cozaddale, Ohio.Wirth is electronic data processingequipment programmer at Gentile AirForce Station.Mayo W. Simon has moved to N. Y.from St. Louis. He authored a televisionplay which was shown on CBS KaiserTheatre in July.Homer Goldberg, AM '48, and BetteCohen were married September 2 inChicago. They left a week later for Italy,where Homer will spend the next yearteaching English literature at the University of Venice, on a Fulbright teaching fellowship. He is Assistant Professorof English in The College.48Alexander H. Pope, JD '52, attendedthe Democratic National Convention inChicago in August. He is a member ofthe Los Angeles law firm of Shadle,Kennedy & Pope. His wife is the formerHarriet Martin, '48, AM '52.Melvin Seiden, AM, received a PhDfrom the University of Minnesota inJune.Jack K. Clifton is on the ElectricalEngineering faculty at Ohio State University.Martin B. Travis, Jr., PhD, is AssociateProfessor of Political Science at StanfordUniversity.Jacque Keesey Boyer, AM '51, is a consultant on public personnel administration with the Public AdministrativeService, Chicago.H. William Hey, AM '56, went fromhis new degree to a new position as research associate with the Illinois StateChamber of Commerce.Margaret M. Hanauer, AM, receivedher MD from The Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, Phila., Pa., in June.Dr. Hanauer will intern at MilwaukeeHospital, Wis. She is a member of ZetaPhi National Medical Fraternity. Dr. C. Arne Arenberg, SM '47, a specialist in physical chemistry and thermodynamics, has been promoted to seniorscientist at Armour Research Foundationof Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago.Arenberg joined the Foundation as aphysical chemist in 1953. He previouslyhad served as technical research advisorto the Catalytic Construction Co., Phila.,Pa., and taught at Roosevelt University,Chicago. He resides in Evanston, 111.49Duane C. Bowen, JD, a practicing attorney in Seattle, Washington for sevenyears, has been named patent counselat Boeing Airplane Company's Wichita,Kansas division.Charles P. Littleficld. MBA, is creditmanager for Letourneau Westinghouse inPeoria.Lewis N. Greer, MBA, is Chief accountant and office manager for D. D.Feldman Oil and Gas in Calgary, Alberta.Leroy G. Augenstine, SB, is a bio-physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York.Plez P. Moody, SM, '50, is a geographerwith Fairchild Air Craft Company inMaryland.50Sam Isamu Nakagama, AM '54, is onthe editorial board of American PeoplesEncyclopedia in Chicago.John N. Becker is in the promotion department of the Chicago Daily News.Constance Perin is living in Cambridge,Mass., and writing copy for a Boston adfirm, Harold Cabot & Co., Inc.Kenneth H. Rivkin, AM '53, was ordained as a rabbi at commencement exercises of Hebrew Union College-JewishInstitute of Religion in June. He hasbeen called to serve as assistant rabbi ofNew York's Stephen Wise Free Synagogue.Robert M. Runde, AM, is Director ofAdmissions at Monmouth College. 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And the wonders yet to come, the exciting UCC's Trade-marked Products include Synthetic Orcanic Chemicals Prestone Ami-Freeze Eveready Flashlights and Batteries Prest-O-Lite AcetyleneDynel Textile Fibers Electromet Alloys and Metals HAYNES Stellite Alloys UNION Carbide LlNDE OxygenUnion Carbide Silicones Bakelite, Vinylite, and Krlne Plastics National Carbons Crac Agricultural Chemicals . Pyrofax Gasthings of tomorrow, are being sought and found in theresearch laboratories of today.Research is a living thing to the people of UnionCarbide— for it is the foundation upon which their workis built. The elements of the earth are a constant challenge to their insatiable curiosity and technical skills.STUDENTS AND STUDENT ADVISORS: Learn more about careeropportunities with Union Carbide in Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals.Gases, and Plastics. Write for" Products and Processes" booklet H-2.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION3 0 EAST 42ND STREET |l|« NEW YORK 17, N.Y.In Canada: Union Cakdide Canada Limited, Toronto34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWilliam H. McLain Jr., a memDer ofthe Aeronautical Research Laboratory atWright Air Development Center wasnamed "Distinguished Airman" ofWright-Patterson Air Force Base forApril. He was so honored for his work0n the design, operation and data analysis of a flame-velocity measuring instrument used for the scientific interpretation of hydrocarbon fuels.51Donald Akutagawa, AM, received aDoctor of Philosophy degree in Junefrom the University of Pittsburgh.William J. Kirwin, Jr., AM, has beenappointed English Instructor at RiponCollege, Ripon, Wisconsin.Lowell J. Myers, MBA, received thedegree of Jurisprudence from the JohnMarshall Law School, with honors, inJune.Mirl W. Whitaker, AM, has been appointed administrator of the MethodistHome for Children, Williamsville, N. Y.He succeeded Earl R. Burdick, who became director of public relations for thehome.John Francis Mink, SM, is a geologistfor the U. S. Geologic Survey in Honolulu. His wife is the former Patsy Take-moto, JD '51.Ronald H. Strom, Specialist ThirdClass, is presently assigned to headquar- Williamson Named DeanDr. Merritt A. Williamson, MBA '53,has been named Dean of the College ofEngineering and Architecture at Pennsylvania State University.Dr. Williamson had been manager ofthe Research Division of The BurroughsCorp., Paoli, Pa., and a special lectureron research administration at the University of Pennsylvania. ters for Allied Forces in Southern Europe, in Italy. He is a member of DeltaUpsilon fraternity.D. Reid Ross, AM, is executive secretary of the Better Housing League, Cincinnati, O.Charles Sumner Stone, Jr., AM, is inIndia as a member of the overseas staffof CARE. Previously Stone had been afield representative for the AmericanPolitical Science Foundation and a student at the Law School of the U. ofConn.James J. Maloney, MBA, was marriedJune 2 to Barbara Ann Jones in GlenRidge, N. J.Gordon P. Ralph, JD '54, is with theJudge Advocate's Office at Fort Sill, Okla.James O. Bray, AM, PhD '55, will serveas an agricultural economist in the Economic Research Center at the CatholicUniversity of Chile, Santiago, for twoyears. Dr. Bray will work for the University's Economics Department, whichis sponsoring the project in conjunctionwith Catholic University. He resignedfrom the Agricultural Economics Department at Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kansas, to accept this position.His wife and three children will accompany him to Chile.Richard E. Coggeshall, Chicago, received an MD from Harvard in June.Pfc. Jerold N. Graff, MBA '54, is anaccountant in the 7752nd Army in Germany. His wife, Ann Hi Id roth Cassel-13 FACTORIES AND 42 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHOCTOBER, 1956 35"P)Y now more then twenty companies and foundations have-L^ established programs by which their employees' contributionsto their colleges are matched dollar for dollar.Each program is predicated on three assumptions:• that the employee benefits continuously by a college experience paid for only in part, recognizes the fact, and wantsto help make this same experience available to others;• that the company also benefits continuously by the qualityof experience of its college-graduate employees and wants,therefore, to shate in making this experience available toothers;• that the college must continue— in the face of new and increasing demands— to offer the college experience, and musthave the support of both types of beneficiaries to do so.If these assumptions are correct, matching programs can be powerfulfactors in the support of American colleges and universities. Yet suchprograms can only be successful if college alumni recognize theirgrowing obligations and act upon them.There are many things alumni can do to help their colleges. But thefirst and easiest thing is to give regularly and substantially to thecollege gift fund.GENERAL® ELECTRIC36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEman Graff, AB '53, AM '55, accompaniedhim.Thomas H. Latimer represented theYMCA of Metropolitan Chicago at ameeting in Orillia, Ontario, Canada, thissummer of the North American Continental Conference of YMCA YoungAdults.52Arnold M. Katz, Chicago, received hisMD from Harvard University in June.Leonard Gardner, AM, PhD '53, isAssociate Professor of Education at theUniversity of Tulsa.Meera McCraig Backus was marriedJune 17 to Robert Blattner, a graduateof Harvard now working for a PhD inmathematics at the University.Paul R. Kuhn, SB '54, (husband ofJacquelyn Larks '52), received his MDfrom the University in June and willintern at the Clinics.William B. Nixon, AM, married RuthJones in June. He does city planningand public relations in Dyersburg, Tennessee.Harold W. Lischner, MD, is developinghealth centers and clinics in Korea.Darwin Kal is back at the Law Schoolafter an army interruption.Bruce A. Mahon, AB '54, MBA '55,and Max Stucker, AB '52, AB '54, MBA'55, underwent basic training togetherat Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., then wereassigned to the Chicago branch of theArmy Audit Agency. Mahon is now stationed in Asmara, Eritrea, (Africa).Pvt. Solomon I. Hirsh, JD '55, wasgraduated from the basic Army administration course at Fort Leonard Wood,Mo., in May.Hubert Carl Huebl, AB, received hisMD from Washington University, St.Louis, Mo., in June.Gordon H. Scott, Pleasant Ridge, Mich.,received a Bachelor of Laws degree fromHarvard University in June.53Christopher Moore, DB, received aMaster of Divinity degree from HarvardUniversity in June. He lives in Boston.Jerry G. Balas, SM, PhD '56, has joinedShell Development Co., as a chemist.The Rev. Charles At Ellett, DB, isminister of the Evangelical and ReformedCongregational Church in Muscatine, la.Horsh Weinberg, MD, is a flight surgeon with the U. S. Air Forces.Wallace R. Geidt, MBA, has moved toSchenectady where he is Sales manager,User Industries, Medium Induction Motor Dept. at General Electric.Richard (Smoky) Gracia, AB '55, MBA'55, is now stationed at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma.Willis E. Sibley, AM, has joined thesociology faculty at Miami University,Oxford, Ohio, after spending a year onNegros Island in the Phillippines on aFulbright Fellowship. His wife is theformer Barbara Jean Grant, who was agraduate student in anthropology herelast year. *$SKd>!§?!*h ^f:J w$&&p*\cut from the finest British woollensBROOKS BROTHERS OWN MAKEREADY-MADE CLOTHINGStarting with an outstanding selection of handsomeBritish woollens (many designed by us and wovenexclusively for us) . . . continuing with our distinctivestyles... to the hand-detailing by our own experttailors . . . every detail of our own make suits, topcoatsand sportwear reflects our quality and good taste*Add the fact that we are "makers-and-merchants-in-one" and you have the reasons why these clothesare, we_believe, the finest values obtainable in thefield of mens ready-made clothing.Our Own Make 3 -piece Ready-Made Suits, jrom $ 1 05Sport Jackets, $75 to $90 • Topcoats, jrom $ 1 1 5Illustrated 3 6 fage catalogue ufon requestESTABLISHED 1818lUens furnishings, Pats ir jf hoe*346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES ? SAN FRANCISCOPARKER -HOLS MANReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525ZJheCxclu&ive Cleaner*We operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200Phones OAlcland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQualify Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H, Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4 Henry N. Akutowicz, Windsor, Conn.,received a Master in City Planning atHarvard University in June.54Pvt. Guy J. Damiani, AM, recently wasassigned to the VII Corps' 70th EngineerBattalion in Germany. He is a personnelspecialist in the battalion's Headquartersand Service Company.First Lt. Dallas D. Glick, MD, recentlycompleted a course at the Army MedicalService School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas,for medical service in combat. The classwas composed of newly commissionedofficers. Before entering the Army lastmonth, he was a fellow at Mayo Clinic.Pvt. Robert S. McGinnis Jr., SB '55,graduated with honors from the ArmyMedical Service* School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, in June. He was then sentto the Brooke Army Medical Center asinstructor.Justin M. Johnson expects to be withthe Air Force in the Pacific for the nextthree years. He is at Hickam Air ForceBase in Honolulu, gets to Japan andthe United States occasionally. He plansto return to the Law School when hegets out of service.Joan G. Kulgren, AM, became Mrs.Roger v Martin in March. They live inNew York City.Capt. Verner S. Waite, MD, recentlygraduated from the military medicalorientation course at the Army MedicalService School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.Robert S. Learner, MBA '56, was married in March to Beverly Preiser, shortlyafter his graduation from the School ofBusiness. They left for San Franciscoin June, where Bob will be with thebrokerage firm of Dean Witter & Co.55-56The Rev. J. Arnold Meardon, DB, is anassistant to the pastor at the First Unitarian Church, Providence, R.I.Wendell W. Snider, MBA, has beenelected assistant cashier by the NorthernTrust Company, Chicago.Lucie A. Portier, AM, is an editorialassistant for Kiwanis Magazine in Chicago.Elizabeth L. Wilcox, SM, was marriedin September, 1955 to Francis Murphy.She is a chemist in the food analysissection of the Department of Agriculture in Washington. Frank is a librarianat Galloudet College, the only college inthe world for the deaf.Donald Fisher, recipient of an AlumniAward for student activities in 1955, hasbeen awarded a $1,000 scholarship tostudy communication arts at Boston University in a program including part timeemployment with Boston educational TVstation.Maj. Russell A. Keller, '56, arrived inKorea earlier this year and was assignedto the United National Command Military Armistice Commission, as a staffassistant. He has been in the Air Forcesince 1942. YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S .A product -C Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-7400DeWITT WORCESTERLiberty 8-5026BAY NURSERYQuality, J^lurdery Qoodd485 E. 17th Street, Costa Mesa, Calif.Since 7885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us ai25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.a a na ffl aa a a a a1 _!¦¦ ¦¦¦O R. T O N S !5487 LAKE PARK AVE.CHICAGO, ILLINOIS&or ^Reservations Gall:BUtterfield 8-4960THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESuppose VOU decideon a career with New England LifeYou've met the Company's qualifications, what next?You'll join one of the many New England Life offices fromMaine to Hawaii. There, while on a generous training allowance, you'll receive personal instruction in the fundamentals from your General Agent and your Supervisor.Then you'll qualify for the Career Underwriters' Training Course at the home office. After each step you'll seeyour earnings increase as your confidence and abilitiesdevelop. You'll have various and continuing opportunitiesfor advanced training. You'll get supervised selling experience. Your Supervisorwill help you apply your technical knowledge in diagnosing the client's needs. And you'll learn the selling skillsso essential in recommending a life insurance program.You'll go on to build your clientele on a professionalbasis. Your income will come from servicing your clients,as well as from new sources of business. And the expanding operations of New England Life also provide opportunity for those wishing to get into management.Write directly to Vice President L. M. Huppeler, 501 Boylston Street, Boston 17,for more information about making a career with New England Life.A BETTER LIFE FOR YOU NEW ENGLANDc^fc/LIFE cmBOSTON, MASSACHUSETTSTHE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA — 1835These Chicago University men are New England Life representativesHarry Benner, '12, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoRichard M. Rohn, '37, Grp. Mgr., Chicago Paul C. Lippold, '38, ChicagoRobert P. Saalbach, '39, Des MoinesJames M. Banghart, '41, Adv. Mgr., St. Paul John R. Downs, C.L.U., '46, ChicagoEugene Freemen, '37, ChicagoHerbert W. Siegal, '46, San AntonioAsk one of these competent men to tell you about the advantages of insuring in the New England Life.OCTOBER, 1956 39LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERBESTBOILERREPAIR&WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186 MemorialDr. Charles E. Kreml, '96, died January 4 in Loretto Hospital, Chicago. Hishome was in this city. Dr. Kreml was aretired Navy medical officer and later aship doctor for a steamship company.Eugenia Winston Weller, (Mrs. CharlesF.), AM '97, died August 3 in St. Petersburg, Fla. With her husband, Charles F.,who survives her, she founded WorldFellowship, Inc. and World Fellowshipsof Faiths, both centered at Conway, N.H.Together they founded the first public playground in Washington, D.C, in1901, and later expanded it into 11 publicplaygrounds, out of which sprang thePlayground and Recreation Associationof America.Mrs. Myra Strawn Hartshorn, '00, diedJuly 12 in Chicago. During the 1890's,she was a foreign correspondent forHarper's Magazine in Turkey, where shereported the Armenian Massacre.Walter Sidney Adams, '00, AM, diedMay 11 in Pasadena, Calif.Svante G. Lindholm, '02, died May 3in Washington, D.C.Royal Willing Bell, '03, died May 23 inEvanston, 111. He was associated withLamson Bros, on the Board of Trade formany years, and was vice-president ofthe Grain Analysts' Club. He was amember of Alpha Delta Phi.Elizabeth Wells Robertson, PhB, '05,EdB '06, died August 5 at Sherman Hospital, Elgin, 111. She had been a teacherin the Chicago schools for 35 years untilshe retired in 1947. She was a nationalauthority on children's art.Beulah Church Marriott, '05, died June3 in Copley Memorial Hospital, Aurora,111. With her husband, The Rev. VictorE. Marriott, she resided in Yorkville, 111.Frank N. Richman, JD '09, died April28, in Indianapolis, Ind.Mary Chaney Ambrosini, (Mrs. Her-cole), '12, died July 21 in Berkeley,Calif.Benjamin M. Stout, PhB '14, JD '14,died August 14 in Presbyterian Hospital,Chicago; He had practiced law in Chicago for more than 30 years.The Rev. Douglas R. Patterson, DB16, AM '26, died July 19 in Long Beach,Calif.Dr. Joseph A. Berry, '21, MD '24, whowas assistant chief surgeon at U.S.U.A.H.headquarters in Tuskegee, Ala., diedJune 13, in New York City.Emma Cammack, '22, a teacher inMuncie, Ind., for many years, died July19.Ida Bertha Petrich, '22, retired teacher,died July 1 in Cleveland, Ohio.William A. Hemmer, AM '24, died athis home in Saginaw, Mich., June 27. Hehad retired from the Saginaw school system in June, 1953.Eleanor MacKraetsch MacKinlay, '25,died August 5 in Chicago.Winifred Bryan, PhB '27, a teacher,died July 19 in Chicago. On United Air Lines Flight 718 fromLos Angeles June 30, Albert E. Widdi-field, '28, was returning to Chicago. Thiswas the plane which crashed with aTWA plane over Grand Canyon, fromwhich there were no survivors. Albertwas vice president in charge of advertising for the Sunbeam Corp. His homewas in Riverside, Illinois.Dr. Raymond W. Fairchild, '29, eighthpresident of Illinois State Normal University, Normal, 111., died June 12 following a two-year illness. He was leaderof I.S.N.U. from 1933 to 1955. Knownnationally as a champion of teacher education, he considered keeping the university a professional school his majorconcern. Under his leadership I.S.N.U.broadened its four-year undergraduateprogram, added graduate work anddropped its two-year undergraduate programs for teachers.William H. Sills, '34, died August 23in Columbus Hospital, Chicago. He wasowner and president of Sills & Co., investment firm, and president of Sillsco,Inc., insurance brokers.Stephen G. Wood, AM '35, Chicago,died April 30 after a long illness.Agnes Anderson, AM '41, died July 8at her home in Bloomington, Ind. MissAnderson had been Associate Professorof Social Service at Indiana Universitysince 1945. Prior to that time she hadheld various positions in social welfarework, particularly in the state of Georgia. She was a native of Barnesville,Ga.Dr. Bruno E. Epstein, '51, was killedby a psychotic patient while on duty asan intern at Cook County Hospital, Chicago, on February 22.r a. rehnquist co Sidewalks? Factory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete Breaking¦*¦* NOrmal 7-0433AJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, LA 2-8354PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfox 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE193419441954 What class were you in at college?In that year American issued the first travel credit card as a convenience tobusinessmen, an innovation used by all airlines today.In that year American inaugurated the first scheduled airfreight service. Todaymillions of tons a year are flown by airfreight.That was the year that American again made history with the first nonstop servicefrom coast to coast on its new DC -7 Flagships.Over the years the college graduate, the leader in hisindustry and his community, lias always been first toutilize the many opportunities created by air transportation. Today American Airlines, America's leadingairline, makes these advantages available to an evengreater degree than ever for business and vacation travel. * AMERICANAIRLINESCytfmtniat cyfigJug C/VuimtIRsriiuftv^/eODOff TO COLLEGE and a head startfor success. Just as proud as his fore-sighted parents who made it possiblefor him to go.When the time comes, will youryoungster be off to college? It takesyears of planning to meet the cost ofa college education— which is steadilyincreasing.By starting early on a Massachusetts Mutual educational plan tailored toyour own situation, you can be surethat when your child is ready for college, the money will be ready too.Ask your Massachusetts Mutual man toshow you how simply the dollarsneeded for a college education can beguaranteed ... or call our GeneralAgent listed under "MassachusettsMutual" in your phone book.Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance CompanyTHE POLICYHOLDERS COMPANY-ORGANIZED 1851Springfield, Massachusetts