PRIL 1956¦¦¦::?.:^;;««::'^B:i^!pl UNIVERSITYOFF TO TRACK COSMIC RAYS.j__^ Page 5INVENIEMUS VIAM AUT FACIEMUS : "We shall find a way or we shall make one."— Memorial Gate, University of PennsylvaniaInvesting in young America ... a progress report"To HELP deserving young men and women obtain acollege education ... to give financial support to a cross-section of American colleges ..."FOUR YEARS AGO, the Union Carbide ScholarshipPlan was established with those objectives.Today, the plan provides the complete cost of tuitionand fees for 400 four-year scholarships at colleges anduniversities throughout the country. As an importantpart of their education, the scholars are encouraged togain valuable experience in their chosen fields by obtaining jobs in industry during summer vacation.50 TECHNICAL SCHOLARSHIPS are also availablein specific fields of study. They cover the student's tuition and fees for the senior year. In addition, to assistgraduate students and to support academic research, Union Carbide offers 66 fellowships and grants-in-aidto universities.THE PEOPLE OF UNION CARBIDE regard these scholarships as an important contribution to the future andto two of America's priceless assets— its educational system . . . and its youth.TO LEARN MORE about the Union Carbide undergraduatescholarships and the colleges and universities in which theyhave been established, write for Scholarship Plan booklet X.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET |I|M NEW YORK 17, N.Y.In Canada: UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED, Toronto UCCs Trade-marked Products include LlNDE Oxygen .EVEREADY Flashlights and Batteries NATIONAL Carbons ACHESON Electrodes Union CARBIDE SiliconesPyrofax Gas Synthetic Organic Chemicals Prestone Anti-Freeze Union Carbide Dynel Textile FibersPrest-O-Lite Acetylene ELECTROMET Alloys and Metals HAYNES Stellite Alloys Bakelite, VlNYLlTE, and Krene PlasticsRichard Blair, Quadrangle Club manager, plays host to visiting alumnae atOpen House Buffet. (For more photos,turn to Page 14.)MemorialAlumni by occupationAT LAST we have figured out whatyou folks are doing.Last year we mailed 52,132 questionnaires to the Chicago alumni body;23,501 were returned— 45 % . By usingthe projection method we now have someconception of our alumni family.Educators— 26%. No one will be surprised to learn that 26%, (13,701), of ouralumni are educators:1,224 are elementary teachers288 are principals of elementaryschools2,553 teach in high schools226 are principals of high schools220 are superintendents8,173 are in colleges or universities1,317 are departmental heads151 are presidentsBusiness— 13%. The next largest alumnigroup is in business — 6,866.1,844 are industrialists, (manufacturing, etc.)1,557 are merchandisers, (sales, etc.)429 are business consultants351 are in advertising351 are in transportation, communication, public utilities229 are serious farmers148 are in public relationsThese do not include 826 in the writingand publishing fields: 317 editors; 164authors; 113 publishers. There are also164 alumni in entertainment, including75 in TV and radio.Housewives — 12%. Six thousand, threehundred and eighty alumnae are content to be wives without benefit of theprofessions.Physicians— 10%. Chicago has 5,254 physicians, 255 practicing psychiatrists, and315 nurses.Retired — 7%. Our next largest group isretired: 3,608. Only 42 listed themselvesas unemployed but if we know humannature this is the farthest from our truefigures.Lawyers — 6%. One of our most influential and important groups makes up thelegal profession. We have 3,185 lawyersranging from chief justices to generalpractitioners.Five per cent of our Chicago alumni(2,682), are with the government — heavily concentrated in Washington, D. C.We have 2,466 in social service; 1,148 inreligious work; 671 librarians; and 1,173 continuing their studies for higher degrees.Members by degreesWHILE we were in the analyzingmood we shifted to our 10,200 dues-paying members. Just what kind of graduates are reading the MAGAZINE?4,698 (46.5%) have Chicago bachelor degrees only;2,519 (24.5%) have bachelor plus advancedegrees;2,981 (29.0%) have higher degrees onlyfrom Chicago.We may be the only alumni magazinein the world nearly a third of whosereaders never touched the local campusuntil they completed their undergraduatedegrees at other colleges. Therefore, theMAGAZINE must cover more thansports, student activities, and undergraduate class news.IncidentallyA MONG the numerous alumni club ac-¦"¦ tivities across the country was acocktail party in the New Weston Hotelpenthouse, New York, honoring Dr.Bruno Bettelheim from 5 to 7 on February 17.Dr. Bettelheim is Principal of our SoniaShankman Orthogenic School. SomedayI plan to ask the New York Club officershow they accommodate 150 guests in apenthouse for forty while the speakershows a film, "Why Vandalism?" andanswers questions!In Chicago, where we have been staging a monthly alumni luncheon in theLoop, we are having a similar crowdedexperience. The last two luncheons soldout at 150 and we had to turn away anextra fifty each time. We are lookingfor a new location for fall.Kimpton carries the mail'"pHIS year's faculty Revels, The Ivory¦*¦ Antenna, puts the University on theTV airwaves and Chancellor Kimptonon the Faculty Exchange beat. The showhas been booked for your reunion entertainment Friday evening, June 1.Other Friday evening reunion eventswill include the second annual Publications Dinner; the 25th celebration ofthe Class of 1931 at the Quadrangle Club; Lewellynand other class reunions including 1951,1946, 1941, 1936, 1926, 1921, 1918, 1915-16,1911, and the fifty-year class of 1906.The Class of 1901 is making plans tocelebrate its 55th anniversary.Saturday, June 2, will be the big reunion day on campus. More details willbe announced next month.Chicago directoryTATE in April we expect to have¦*-i rolling off the presses a Greater Chicago directory of University alumni. Itwill list alphabetically some 20,000alumni from the Wisconsin border toGary and to the Fox River Valley.A second section of the directory willsegregate 6,800 of these alumni into 121Chicago suburbs.To my knowledge this is the first timea complete directory of the Chicago areahas been published. In the thirties theChicago Alumni Club sponsored bi-annual directories which listed only themen of Chicago.This new directory will include everyone, degrees, maiden names, occupationsand addresses. The edition will be limited to 2,000. Want on the list for acopy? Send $3.00 with your name andaddress. We'll send your copy as soonas it's off the press.East and West Coast Directories/~kN THE presses for May delivery are^^ the following alumni directories:Greater New York CityIncluding commuting suburbs in Connecticut, Long Island, New Jersey andNew York: 3,000 alumni.Greater Washington, D.C.Including commuting suburbs in Virginia and Maryland: 1,800 alumni.CaliforniaThe entire state: 4,400 alumni.Each of the three directories will listalumni alphabetically with maidennames, degrees, occupations and addresses. There will also be a secondsection in each directory listing thealumni by suburbs or cities and towns.Any of these three directories: $2 percopy. Mail in your order now if youwant to be sure to get copies of anyof these volumes. H.W.M.APRIL, 1956 17/'% i/ tW I!How many years ago did you graduate from college?20 years15 years5 years That was the year that American introduced the DC* 3, the plane that for morethan a decade, in peace and war was known as America's "Queen of Transport."That was the year American established the first "college" for airline crews atArdmore, Oklahoma, still the most important training school of its kind in the country.In these last five years alone, American Airlines, America's leading airline,has carried almost 30,000,000 passengers, more than in the previous 20 years combined.Throughout the years, college graduates have ledthe swing to modern air transportation because theyhave had the vision to see the countless opportunitiesand benefits that air travel makes possible.Today, in terms of both business and vacationtrips, these advantages are greater than ever onAmerican Airlines, America's leading airline. AMERICANAIRLINES2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfttJJttS fsssueIT'S A MEAN man who would cast acloud on the first robin, but we knowa scientist who says a new ice age maybe headed our way.You needn't worry yet, however, forit probably won't occur for another 10,000years. So says Cesare Emiliani, (who isnot in the least mean, merely a scientist). Emiliani arrived at the above prediction through his study of fossils.The fascinating results of his research,together with those of several otherscientists, are reported briefly in "Toward Understanding Nature," Page 5.A CRITIC, we feel, should first be anexpert in the field on which heelects to pass judgment. We think ourcritic, Lachlan MacDonald, is well-qualified to discuss little magazines. (See"Shoestring Literature," Page 11) . For thepast year he has been co-editor, withSam Blazer, of the Midway's own littlemagazine, The Chicago Review. He hashad articles, fiction and poetry publishedin many periodicals; the most recent, apoem to appear in The Beloit PoetryJournal, and an article to appear in TheWriter. Last June he was awarded theOlga and Paul Menn Foundation $1,000prize for fiction."Lach" hails from Anchorage, Alaska,and is a graduate student in history.His wife, Dorothy, is a student in theGraduate Library School, and betweenclasses and editing chores, they sharebaby-sitting stints with 16-months-oldLawrence.66 A UNIVERSITY should grow its own_T_L deans," says Robert Strozier, whoshould know all about such things. Hewill celebrate his tenth anniversary asdean of students in July. In "OldestLiving Dean," Page 8, he reminiscesabout the ten years of his deanship inhis usual charming manner.EVER dance to carillon music? Well,here's your chance. Come to thesecond annual Festival of the Arts, to beheld on campus from April 25-29. Fora rundown on the many interesting andexciting events scheduled during the festival, turn to News of the Quadrangleson Page 16.MID-YEAR Open House was held onFebruary 25, (See Pages 14-15),and some seven hundred alumni cametrekking back for a first-hand look atwhat goes on here, since they left. Asusual, the tours of the Sonia ShankmanOrthogenic School and the cyclotronproved most popular.AS FABULOUS as the people sheix writes about is ex-Maroon editorLaura Bergquist, now a departmentaleditor on LOOK Magazine. On Pages20-21, photographer Werner Wolff ofBlack Star gives you a brief glimpse intothe workaday world of a "Lady EditorAt LOOK." S^^^f *^ UNIVERSITYMAGAZINE M APRIL, 1956Volume 48, Number 7FEATURES5 Toward Understanding Nature8 Oldest Living DeanII Shoestring Literature14 Mid-Year Open House16 News of the Quadrangles18 F. C. Woodward — A Memorial20 Lady Editor At LOOK22 Campaign NewsDEPARTMENTS1 Memo Pad3 In This Issue23 Books25 Class News40 Memorials Robert M. StrozierLachlan MacDonaldPuttkammer, MorgensternCOVERRobert Ramsey, 26, College student from Conway, Kansas, looksas if he's about to be carried away by helium-filled balloons inStagg Field. The balloons, carrying special equipment, werereleased by Professor Marcel Schein to gather cosmic ray "datafollowing a recent spectacular sun flare. For more details, seethe story on Page 5. (Photo by Steve Marino, Chicago American.)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditorFELICIA ANTHENELLI Associate EditorPALMER W. PINNEYTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH G. HALLORANProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAW The Alumni FundWILLIAM H. SWANBERGORLANDO R. DAVIDSONStudent RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.APRIL, 1956 3Archie Lieberman-Black Star"Science Row," as seen from theAdministration Building. Kent ChemicalLaboratory is on the left, Ryerson PhysicsLaboratory next, and Eckhart Hall,(mathematics), right4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEContinuing Researchin Natural SciencesToward Understanding NatureSCIENTIFIC research at the University follows distinct paths. Inlaboratories on Ellis Avenue and themain quadrangles, Chicago scientistsinquire into subjects as diverse as themeasurement of cosmic rays, the musical capacity of cats, and the fuelpotential of algae. Results of some ofthe most recently completed projectsin the biological and physical sciencesare herein described.Off To Track Cosmic RaysTHE GREATEST burst of cosmicray intensity ever recorded occurred on February 22-23. Alerted bya monitoring device set up in thelaboratory of Professor John Simpson, at the Enrico Fermi Institute forNuclear Studies, University scientistswere able to make extensive recordings of the unusual event.The sudden outburst, which followed a large flare on the surface ofthe sun, was described as the outstanding example so far detected ofthe sun's production of cosmic rayparticles. Cosmic rays in intensitytwenty-four times as great as normalbombarded the earth's atmosphere.Scientists all over the world rushedto record the event."For about two weeks it had beenknown that the sun would set up somespecial activity," Simpson explained."However, no one knew exactly whatto expect. The solar physics peoplewere reporting some special regionsof interest on the sun, and we knewthe potentiality for something specialwas there."Onset of the outburst was recordedautomatically in Simpson's laboratory.An alarm system with a continuousmonitoring device has been operatingon the roof of the institute since 1950. This system alerted the scientists at9:45 P.M. Wednesday, February 22,and they worked through the night toprepare an early balloon flight carrying apparatus to detect and reportthe cosmic ray outburst.The first flight was launched fromStagg field at 6:45 A.M. Thursday, bySimpson and his assistants. It carrieda special neutron counter of Simpson'sdevising, and a radiosonde which reports the recordings by short waveto a receiving station in the FermiInstitute.Equipment of these balloons, whichlanded in Liberty ville, Ky., severalhours later after rising to heightsabove 80,000 feet, registered continuing heavy intensity of neutrons —nuclear particles produced by theactions of cosmic rays in the upperatmosphere.That method of determining cosmicray intensity by measuring neutronswas developed by Simpson.A second balloon flight waslaunched at 11 A.M. by Marcel Schein,Professor of Physics, also an investigator of cosmic rays. (See coverphoto.)Simpson sent off another group ofballoons at 2:40 P.M. Thursday. Thesetwo flights carried photographic filmto record heavy stripped nuclei, theheavy core of atoms.The airborne apparatus is the firstever to be aloft during a cosmic outburst of the present intensity.Further reports on the activity areexpected from stations operated bythe University in Climax, Colo.; Mexico City; Hyancayo, Peru; and onthe U.S.S. Arneb, flagship of the U. S.Navy "Operation Deepfreeze" expedition in the Antarctic near theSouth Pole. The U.S.S. Arneb wasanchored in Wellington, New Zealand,at the time of the event, Simpson re ported. Rochus Vogt, a Chicago graduate student in physics, is in chargeof the laboratory on the ship.Exact measurement of the alreadymeasured intensity will require considerable calculation by the University's physicists.For the past forty years men havebeen interested in the general originof cosmic rays, Simpson explained."We do know that one of the minorsources is the sun itself," Simpsonsaid. "Therefore, this activity was ofgreat interest to us. Actually, however, cosmic rays are generated fromseveral different sources. Our bestestimates are that there are sourcesof cosmic rays throughout the galaxy."At one time, University scientistsused airplanes to measure cosmic rayintensity from the equator to thenorth pole.The February 22 event producingthe cosmic ray generation was a solarflare, Simpson explained. An outburstof tremendous radiation was given offfrom the sun, producing ultra violetlight, (visible to special instrumentsonly), radio waves, and, unlike mostlarge flares of this type, a tremendousquantity of cosmic radiation."We were lucky in the sun's timing," said Simpson. "The spot on thesun's surface on which solar physicistscould detect special activity was visible to the earth for a period of about13-14 days. The event occurred onthe last few of these days. Had itoccurred when this surface was awayfrom us, we don't know whether wewould have been able to record anything."The giant flare responsible for thesudden outburst of cosmic ray activitywas the fifth of its kind known sincescientists began systematic study andrecording of cosmic rays. The energyof the particles in the outburst prob-APRIL, 1956 5Stephen LewellynGraduate student Jay Goldberg (left) and Irving T. Diamond, Assistant Professor of Natural Sciences in theCollege, stand by special cage containing one of the rhesus monkeys used to test reaction to sound pattern.On right, Diamond peers through one way window into testing room while operating sound pattern control panel.ably was greater than 5 billion electron volts.Health physicists at the University,who maintain a continuous monitoring system to record radioactivity inthe atmosphere, found no indicationof unusual intensity on their instruments, such as is produced by bombfallout.Exploring the BrainTHREE University psychologistshave found that cats and monkeyscan distinguish sound patterns withthe tiniest fragment of that surfaceof the brain devoted to hearing.William D. Neff, Professor of Psychology, Irving T. Diamond, AssistantProfessor of Natural Sciences in theCollege, and Jay Goldberg, a graduate student, described experimentsmade in the psychology laboratory onDrexel Avenue. Their experimentswere guided by similar work doneon the surface of the brain devoted toseeing.Nerves from the eye and ear canbe traced through various relays tothe cerebral cortex. For a long timeit had been known that brain-damage patients — some veterans of thetwo world wars for instance — mightretain the ability to distinguish lightand dark without being able to tellthe difference between visual patterns such as a square and a triangle. Few similar case histories of damageto the auditory cortex were available,however.By training experimental animalsto respond to different patterns ofsound, the University psychologistsfound that just as some humans cannot distinguish visual patterns inspace, animals with bilateral damageto the auditory cortex can not distinguish sound patterns in time.In the course of the experiments,various areas of the cortex were removed in order to discover where theability to distinguish sound patternsis found. The investigators discovered that as long as a tiny fractionof the cortex was left, as little as anarea one-tenth of an inch on a side,the animal maintained its ability todifferentiate.Cold Spell Coming?THE WORLD may be heading fora new ice age, predicts a University geologist.However, it probably won't occurfor another ten thousand years.These predictions were made byCesare Emiliani, Research Associatein the Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies, in a recent issue of theJournal of Geology. He described thealternate cycles of warm and coldclimates revealed through the studyof the fossil remains of tiny shelled animals called foramanifera.According to Emiliani, the worldmay be heading for its sixteenth cyclical cold spell in the last 600,000years.Emiliani found a correlation between the record of past climates andthe amount of sunlight received bythe earth in the high latitudes. Thisamount varies from time to time, because of the complicated motions ofthe earth. The variations were accurately determined by the Yugoslavian scientist Milankovitch.The world's climate reached itsrecent maximum about six thousandyears ago and has been cooling since.Emiliani believes that warming upof the earth's climate during the lastfifty years is a minor episode oftransitory importance. The astronomical conditions which influencethe amount of sunlight received mayresult in the development of a newice age in about ten thousand years.Emiliani's investigations show thatthere is a five thousand year lag between the minimum amounts of sunlight received by the earth at thehigh latitudes and the periods ofcoldest climates.The foramanifera were found incores extracted from the bottom ofthe oceans. Some of the cores werethirty feet long, and contained sediments deposited during the past million years.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe technique used in determiningthe climatic changes — which involvedas much as ten degrees from temperature maximums to minimums —depended upon analysis of the relative amounts of the two commonforms of oxygen, oxygen 16 and oxygen 18, in the fossil shells.This method, devised by Nobel-prize winner Harold C. Urey, in 1947,and developed during the followingyears by him and his associate, SamEpstein, involves the analysis of theratio of the two isotopes of oxygen inthe calcium carbonate of the shells.The smaller the ratio of the relatively rare oxygen 18 in the shells,the warmer the temperature at whichthe living animal grew.The average length of the fifteenclimatic cycles discovered was about41,000 years, during which the temperature alternately rose and fell.However, variations of the amountof sunlight received by the earth canaccount only for the alteration ofglacial and interglacial ages. A previous general cooling of the earth isnecessary to make glaciations possible at all, and this is believed tohave been produced by building upof continents and mountains duringthe last 50 million years. This reduced the transfer of heat from thelower to the higher latitudes, andcaused a general lowering of theearth's temperature. In fact, in a previous work, Emiliani found a more orless continuous decrease of aboutfifteen degrees in the temperature ofthe Pacific ocean during the last 30million years.The chemical operations used inestablishing this first detailed history of the world's climate involveseparation of the tiny shells from theooze in which they are recovered,and their reduction to carbon dioxide, in which the differences inabundances between the forms ofoxygen can be established by a massspectrometer.Dates for recent climatic changeshave been established by H. E. Suessin Washington through the use ofthe radiocarbon method developed byWillard F. Libby, on leave from theFermi Institute to serve as a memberof the Atomic Energy Commission.New Concepts of BoneBONE in the body is made up ofbricks and mortar, like a wall,instead of one single homogenecuscompound. The bricks of the wall arecrystals called "bone salt" whichmake up the characteristic hardnessof bone. The mortar contains carbonate and citrate ions which are "too large to enter into the crystals,as well as a semiliquid ground substance which serves to carry materials from the circulating fluids andthe bone mineral.These new concepts of bone werethe subject of a recent report by Dr.Franklin C. McLean, Professor Emeritus of Pathological Physiology.The crystals themselves, accordingto Dr. McLean, are extremely small;the total surface area of the crystalsof bone salt in a man will exceed100 acres.Investigation into the problem ofthe distribution and exchange of calcium between bone and the circulating fluids of the medium has shownthe amazing speed of the exchange.The movement of calcium and phosphorus into and out of the bone structure does not occur in all parts ofthe bone salt with equal facility, because only a small fraction of thetotal amount of calcium in humanbone is accessible for such exchange— what is called "labile."The speed of the interchange isshown by the fact that Calcium45can turn up in the bones of rats inidentifiable amounts within 2Vz minutes following its injection into theblood stream.Closely allied to this problem ofthe exchange of calcium — and increasingly important in days whenthe prospects of radioactive fall-outfrom bomb explosions are being discussed — is the way in which thebone can take up unlike chemicals 'from the body fluids. Certain elements, notably radium, strontium, andlead, can be exchanged for calciumalready in the bone. When this happens, the three minerals may eventu ally move into interior positions inthe crystals of the bone salt.Radium gives off deadly radiationsand, consequently, destroys bone; thefatalities a generation ago among thewatch-dial painters who absorbed radium are well known. Radioactivestrontium is a by-product of atomicfission, and it could act similarly.Fuel From Algae?ALGAE, the small, one-celled-plants which have been suggestedas a source of food for the world'sgrowing population, may prove to bea source of its fuel as well.Within the next thirty to eightyyears, when the exploitation of oil andcoal reserves will have reached apeak, the need for additional liquidfuel is expected to become serious.Nuclear energy, in its present form,does not offer much promise of meeting the requirements for intercitytransportation, farm machinery, orsmall aircraft. The need for liquidfuel will continue.According to Richard Meier, Assistant Professor of Planning, thebest possibility for meeting the needis algae. The basic method for obtaining high-energy liquid fuel fromalgae in amounts from 10 to 100 million tons per year follows two steps.First, algae are grown in large beds infavorable climates, and allowed to ferment. Next, catalytic conversion ofthese fermented algae produces hydrocarbons with the desired physicalproperties.On the technical side, two separatetechniques have been proposed. Oneis aimed at the lowest possible in-(Continued on Page 24)Model of bone-salt crystal showing brick-like structure. In living bone a mortarof carbonate and citrate ions surrounds and nourishes such crystals.APRIL, 1956 7Reflections After FiveOldest Living DeanBy Robert M. Strozier,Dean of Students,Professor of Romance LanguagesENROUTE to Tucson to tell TheUniversity of Chicago story toschool officials and the local alumnicommittee, I muse over the span often years in a complex and frustrating, yet fascinating job.To serve efficiently, the Dean ofStudents should be available, in hisoffice, twenty -four hours a day withno formal appointments, and no backlog of paper work. To serve withsafety, he should be disgustinglyhealthy, imperturbable in time ofcrisis, benevolent and forgiving whenreviled, optimistic and enthusiasticwhen everything goes wrong. Toserve with distinction, he should possess the minor virtues as well; anelephantine memory for names andfaces and the ability to eat and drinkanything, anywhere, any time. Alas!I began my stewardship in July,1946, with several strikes against me.Lawrence A. Kimpton, my immediatepredecessor, had had a spectacularsuccess as Dean; since I reported tohim, there was no opportunity to getby with anything — he knew my areatoo well. My Ph.D. was in French,a subject not designed to train personnel administrators. I was a Southerner, kindly received outside theSouth, but seldom taken too seriously. On my first day, I was presented the somewhat sensationalproblem, William Heir ens. The intervening years should havebeen an anti-climax. That they havenot been says something for the University. That I have survived sayssomething for me. Indeed, perhaps,the highest compliment that can bepaid a Dean of Students at any giventime is that he is still Dean of Students.The administration has had a simple formula for the Dean of StudentsOffice since 1931. It established theoffice to represent services of allkinds, except curricular and strictlybusiness. To this somewhat amorphous structure has been added,through the years, anything whichthe administration considered vexing.Obviously, the Dean of Students isto blame if anything goes wrong. Thesweet reasonableness of the adminis-The title of this article is basedon the fact that on the thresholdof his fiftieth birthday, Dean Strozier becomes the oldest dean inlength of service in the same post.Dean Strozier has threatened togrow a Van Dyke, wear a wingcollar and use a cane to perpetuatehis legendary status. It is quitelikely that his wife, Margaret,(AM '39 ), will prevent this fromoccurring. tration's position is mute testimony tothe clarity of thinking at The University of Chicago along administrative lines."Bob, that's a lousy editorial inthe Maroon this morning"; "Well, Isee the students have a pipe -line tothe Council of the Senate"; "Why doour students always have to be different?"; "Why should we be accused of discrimination; look aroundyou"; "More money for student aid —do you know there's a deficit?"; "Atrustee's name was left out of thedirectory, you know"; "Why can't wepublish a catalog which can be understood?"; "Tell us exactly what enrolment will be next year, five years,ten years from now" are all routinequestions.The ten years divide neatly into twofive-year periods under Hutchins andKimpton. To these must be added theyear 1945-46 when I served as one ofLawrence A. Kimpton's AssistantDeans and as Associate Director ofInternational House, a year whichhelped clarify and expand a personalinterest in international student exchanges.There have been no periods of normality since 1946. The large veteranpopulation made the first years different; Hutchins' departure changedmuch; Kimpton's first years wereturbulent with academic changes—8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDean of Students Robert M. StrozierAPRIL, 1956now almost complete. At present, welook forward to a serenity which weshall probably never attain. Perhapsserenity would be stultifying to theUniversity of Chicago, where the mostdurable tradition is, change. Oncewhen I had remarked with pride thatthe University of Chicago is alwaysstimulating, invigorating, innovating,my wife replied with the resigned airof a Christian martyr, "Personally, Icould get along with a little lessstimulation."A university should grow its owndeans. My experience as a graduatestudent and my years in administration at other schools hardly preparedme fully for what was ahead at theUniversity of Chicago.Veterans Were SuperiorThe veteran group of the late forties was in many ways superior to anygroup of students of other periods.Most of them were young men in ahurry, frustrated by a feeling of having spent too much time in the armedforces, eager to succeed quickly, ma-turer than their years from havinghad time for reflection and personalplanning. For many veterans theUniversity of Chicago performed aunique service with its general education test designed to assess theeducational accomplishments of thosewhose formal training had beenmeager. From this group came manyof our finest students.Among the veterans were thosewho, after years of military life, wereimpatient with all rules and regulations. Others, articulate and independent, were intrigued by self-government. From this group came ourpresent Student Government, an outgrowth and formal expansion of acouncil of organization presidents,formed under Mr. Kimpton. Still others, disenchanted by their period ofservice, had turned to various political ideologies. The myriad politicalclubs reflecting these ideologies mademy life no easier during the postwaryears.Constructing pre-fab units for theveterans, who proved to be a veryprolific group, brought advantagesand problems. A strong sense ofcommunity developed in each group.A representative of my office was assigned for liaison and a remarkablysuccessful newsletter established. Thewheel came full circle when the University became involved in the education of a new generation, the children of students, and the Dean ofStudents Office cooperated closely inthe unexpected but rewarding ex perience of establishing a nurseryschool for veterans' children. Now in1956 as we schedule the gradual demolition of the pre-fabs it is with understandable regret both because ofthe problems in relocating the students and the loss of community lifein which we have shared.Social, cultural and recreationalactivity on campus was expandedbroadly by Student Union, initiatedby students and vigorously supportedby our office. Student Union has nowbeen succeeded by the Student Activities Council. It has been my^ position that we should not direct student activities; rather, we shouldencourage and support, them, allowingthe students themselves to gain realeducational experience from organizing a rich and varied extra-curriculum.As a result, the facade of theextra -curriculum is often kaleide-scopic. Such hardy perennials asStudent Government, the Maroon, thefraternities and girls' clubs, intramural sports, the Washington Prom,inter- fraternity and inter-club balls,and the social life of the residencehalls show variations but remain essentially stable, while other activities and interests flourish, wane andrevive as student interests dictate.Cap and Gown which ceased publication during the war years, willpublish its fourth in a new series in1956. The Chicago Review in tenyears has become a leading literarypublication, edited by students, withan international circulation.The National Student Associationwhich we helped sponsor ten yearsago is now solidly established andwill hold its annual congress on ourcampus in August.Student Government has spirit,perhaps too much in procedural matters but, with our assistance, has effected student exchanges with Frankfurt, Zagreb and Indian universities,established a second-hand book ex change, a small student loan service,and has led many movements on behalf of student opinion and studentinterests.Almost all Chicago students are impatient with anything which smacksof discriminaticn or even the appearances of it. The University's longr-time record in this regard is almostabove reproach, but, in response tostudent requests to clarify our policies, I removed from our applicationfor admission the questions regardingrace and religion and the request fora photograph. While this actuallychanged no University practices, itsaid something publicly. The openassignment of dormitory rooms, theamalgamation of lists of neighborhood housing, and the exclusion oforganizations whose constitutions included discriminatory clauses were allpublic actions to underline what isand has been University policy.To Revive BlackfriarsThe Glee Club has once again become active; the Band gave an excellent concert in Mandel Hall recentlyafter an absence of many years.Meanwhile, Acrotheatre, a new form,reached its height several years agoand is at present moribund. University Theatre has a full-time directorand has experimented with skill anddistinction, and a group is currentlyattempting to revive Blackfriars.The development and extension ofthe residence hall program has beenone of our major projects. Allied toour efforts in assigning commutingstudents to membership in the various undergraduate houses, the Associate Member Plan, the students havedevised, built and operated their ownradio station and snack bar in thebasement of the Burton-JudsonCourts.We have revived debating andmade of it a major student activity,through Student Forum. Hundreds ofstudents now participate in informaldebating modeled on the OxfordUnion, but, inevitably known to outsiders as the "Chicago style." Meanwhile, our inter- collegiate team haswon numerous cups and tournamentsto the no small chagrin of sister institutions with schools of speech.Our athletic program has beenvaried and interesting. Intra-muralfootball has been resumed, and thewhole question of intercollegiate football much debated. It is still a loadedquestion at the University, one whichfew people can discuss dispassionately.(Continued on Page 23)10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELewellynStaff members of Chicago Review, ( to r), David Ray, fiction editor;Michael Fixler, poetry editor; Lachlan MacDonald, co-editor; KathleenWiseman, advertising manager; Sam Blazer, co-editor.SHOESTRINGLITERATURE— the little magazinesBy Lachlan MacDonald PERHAPS the most unprofitablefinancial venture in the world isthe publication of a little magazine.The word little covers those periodicals which are usually, but not always, quarterly, literary, of limitedcirculation, and of small format.Over 400 of these are now beingpublished in this country and manyoverseas. At the moment more thanhalf are dying, changing policy, attempting a revival or merging withothers, while most of the rest are content with breaking even. Of the latterabout ten are paying their own way;the others exist, if they last for anylength of time at all, through the financial support of rich uncles, foundations, university subsidy and departmental slush funds, along with theoutside revenue of subscribers andthe book advertising of a fraction ofthe nation's publishers. At the end of World War II therewas in this country an increase inlittle magazine activity, with manynew entries rolling off the presses,including the Chicago Review, a student-produced magazine at the University. It has survived for longerthan another campus magazine, Trend,as well as outlasting scores of otherlittle magazines launched during andsince the mid-40's.The number of successful magazines begun at this time is small. Itincludes Accent, Quarterly Review ojLiterature, Epoch, The Northern Review, and Interim. During the pastten years there have been many andnotable failures of similar wartimeand post-war enterprises: Harvard'sForeground (with the assistance of editorial representatives on thirteen othercampuses), the Harvard Wake, Furi-oso, the London Horizon, and YaleAPRIL, 1956 11Poetry Review. In recent years a fewmagazines which promise to persisthave added their names to the list:The Beloit Poetry Journal, BlackMountain Review, The London Magazine, The New Orleans Poetry Journal, The Paris Review, and Mandala.The changing names and locationsof individual magazines seem to havelittle effect on the role of the literaryquarterlies. In a comprehensive postwar study of these publications Frederick J. Hoffman (The Little Magazine, Princeton: 1946) gave us anow-standard definition: "a magazinedesigned to print artistic work whichfor reasons of commercial expediencyis not acceptable to the money-mindedperiodicals or presses." He saw thatnew ventures continued to add theirfrequently momentary weight to anactivity which is generally considereda major influence in our literature.Hoffman maintained that magazineslike those just named have been foryears the key factor in the development, encouragement and introduction of most of our literary talent.He found the little magazines:' "...willing to lose money, to court ridicule, to ignore public tastes, willingto do almost anything . . . rather thansacrifice their right to print good material."Intangible paymentIt's worth stating that the editorsof these magazines get some compensation from knowing their contribution to American letters; they getlittle else. Most of them are unpaid.Several carry the magazine, pay theprinter, and send an occasional dollarto a writer or poet from their ownpockets.The temptation to support a magazine with contests, subscription dealsand agency gimmicks that border onracketeering has been too strong fora minority of editors. The majoritymust find assistance elsewhere. Theirdilemma is having to find a largeaudience willing to buy a very specialized product, with merchandisingoften in the hands of amateurs andadvertising rates at the mercy of theprofessionals. Many attempt to attract advertising from book publishers (only a few of these budget forlittle magazine promotion) and othernational advertisers; but many moredepend on the support of a collegeor university, where they are produced under the auspices of a department, a press, or a student activityfund.The best account of a single littlemagazine is Paul ,, R. Stewart's ThePrairie Schooner Story, (Nebraska 1955) which covers the first twenty-five years of the University of Nebraska literary magazine. His firstchapter gives some background itemsworth repeating: The first little magazine in America was probably TheDial, begun in Massachusetts in 1840and introducing work by Thoreau,Emerson, William Ellery Channing,Margaret Fuller and Theodore Parker.The short-lived Chap -Book, (1894-98), published in Chicago such writersas Henry James, Stephen Crane,W. B. Yeats, Robert Louis Stevenson,H. G. Wells, Hamlin Garland andThomas Hardy. During the years 1911through 1926 there were 134 littlemagazines founded in the UnitedStates, of which 34 were still beingpublished -at the end of the period.The year 1912 marked the foundingof Harriet Monroe's Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, the hardiest of Chicago'slittle magazines, and one with an unequalled world-wide reputation.A precarious existenceAgainst this background, Mr. Stewart has told the story of PrairieSchooner with detailed insight intothe struggles of a little magazine tocope with indifference, hostility, budget cut-backs, local criticism, and thekind of printer's bill that comes fromsmall quarterly press runs, difficultcomposition, and experimental typography.The Prairie Schooner story is notunique, excepting its remarkablelongevity. Scores of little magazineshave found the campus as precariousas the marketplace. To keep publishing they have frequently dependedon big names, popular material (despite Hoffman's remarks about highstandards there are many professing to print only good material whoprint what could easily find a commercial publisher), and the traditional schools of thought andcriticism which offer a convenientpredisposed audience.No offense, pleaseIn the search for an audience thelittle magazines sometimes follow thepattern, if not the methods, of theiraffluent mass-circulation slick-paperrelatives: Saturday Evening Post, Colliers, Time, etc. The methods of thesegiants include soul-searching analysisof the contents of current issues, theadherence to a set of formulas andslants that are prerequisite to publication in their pages, and a concernfor the welfare of their advertisers.Their motto: Do Not Offend Anyone Except the Outs. This kind of magazine is likely to employ research organizations in order to find out whyreaders buy their magazine (Who isyour favorite magazine character?)and are led by this sort of narcissisminto reprinting essentially the samematerial issue after issue.Their sacred cowsThe little magazines sometimes fitinto this pattern of depending on"what went over last time" for guidance on future issues. Their sacredcows, if not advertisers, are generallytheir sponsors, both individual criticsand the institutions which financethem. Their motto: Do Not OffendAnyone Except the Ins (but not allof the Ins). Their solution, frequently,is to ride the same issues and causes,but, since no vested interests areusing such magazines to sell soup orautomobiles, it is a solution that hasled to the demise of many a littlemagazine.About a year ago Chicago Reviewsuccumbed to the curiosity that editors sometimes have about their readers; we sent questionnaires to arandom sample of our subscribers,tabulated their replies, and decidedthat almost anyone might be interested in our magazine. The data doesnot enable us to offer our advertisersa percentage of the nation's executives, artists, or housewives. We do,though, have news stand and bookstore sales on many college campuses,and a large drug store sale in thePacific Northwest, but these are thingswTe learned not from our questionnaire, but from our accounts receivable.With such an indefinite concept ofour "average reader" we have to relyon the old editorial preferences:"What I like others will like." Forsome magazines this is a simple matter; those operated by a press or anEnglish department frequently havea single editor who may be a full-time employee but is usually a professor editing the magazine as an additional duty. Under such a man themagazine is given the stamp of asingle personality, and when the person is gifted the publication is blessedwith a rare coherence and vitality.More often the editors are a boardof faculty members or students, thestaff is a voluntary and volatile group,and the material accepted is a resultof trading and compromise. Thissometimes leads to a pale shadow ofthe sort of thing that the magazinecould have been.The Chicago Review, staffed entirely by volunteers, faces the prob-12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElem just described. There is an editorial hierarchy which assists indecision-making but at the same timelimits the powers of the editor, or,as at present, the co-editors. By dividing the Review staff into departments and recognizing that some staffopinions carry more weight than others we provide for the acceptance ofmaterial that has received dividedcomments. Every member of the staffis urged to read and comment uponas many manuscripts as possible,there are so many manuscripts thatno one person can read them all, butwe do not vote on accepting a piece.The staff members who work hardestand longest get the editorial jobswhere decisions are made: managingeditor, fiction editor, poetry editor,essay editor, and book review editor.We have a production director responsible for copy editing, proofreading, layout, makeup and coordination with our printers, theUniversity of Chicago Press.The final decisionThe final decision on a manuscriptis made by the co-editors togetherwith the head of the department concerned. Two art editors gather material for the cover, section heads andfill-in artwork; once each month theymeet with the editors and departmentheads to make acceptances and rejections. Regular staff meetings areheld weekly at our offices in theReynolds Club, where assignmentsare made and discussion groups conducted by the heads of departments.Because many students come to themagazine hoping to become editorsthere is a recurring crisis on theshort-handed business side of theReview.In November we obtained a largeroffice, filing equipment and additionaldesks, and we are now in the process of improving billing and shipping procedures. A large store-roomin Cobb Hall basement serves as ourshipping room; each quarter we stuffthousands of magazines in envelopes,address them, and put them in mailsacks for delivery. Until a rich uncle(whoever he may be) gives us anaddressograph we will continue toface the inconvenience of leasingHome Study Department equipment.At present the business assignmentscontribute to the steady turnover inpersonnel; when a member fails toattend several meetings we quietlyremove the name from our roster.During a single year approximately100 different names are listed there;about ten "regulars" are actually re sponsible for the success or failureof the magazine.To these regulars go the greatestrewards of publishing a little magazine on campus; here again compensation is a matter of personal satisfaction, experience and contacts withwriters worthy of respect. Some ofthe past Review editors have turnedtheir experience into commercial use.J. Radcliffe Squires (co-founder ofthe magazine in 1946, with CarolynDillard) later appeared in severallittle magazines; Ned Polsky is nowan editor for The Free Press, publishers at Glencoe, Illinois; JamesFinn is an editor of Commonweal;and F. N. Karmatz is midwest editorfor Appleton- Century -Crofts, Inc.and a columnist for The New Republic. Advisory Editor Henry Rago isnow editor of Poetry Magazine.The Chicago Review has served asan outlet for campus writers, but byrequiring a higher quality than mostcampus magazines it has limited student participation. Many campuswriters do, however, have some connection with the magazine. Of thepresent staff, four have won campuswriting awards or honorable mentions during the past year, and several have themselves published fiction, poetry and criticism, in theReview and elsewhere. A new staffmember has just returned from Stanford where she had a creative writing fellowship, another new memberedited her college literary magazine,and two others have recently published articles in scholarly journals. There is no firm taboo against Reviewpublication of material from membersof the staff; we do, however, giveprecedence to something from writerswithout that advantage. Surprisingly,not all of our staff members are humanities students, nor are studentcontributors. We encourage studentsand work with them personally, butour pages are open to contributorsfrom everywhere. During one periodthe Chicago Review was restrictedto the work of Chicago students,a narrow position ignoring, I think,the advantages of name and locationwhich the magazine holds in the tradition of the Chap-Boole, Midland,and Poetry.A happy blendAt present we try to blend thework of famous writers with thosewho first appear on our pages. Wedo not try to get names to justify ourimportance; but have tried to be important enough to attract the names,as well as the unknowns. The list ofdistinguished writers who have givenus their work is too long to be notedhere, except for representative nameswhich show the diversity of our selections: Bernard Berenson, e. e.cummings, Russell Kirk, Selden Rodman, Henry Miller, Peter Viereck,Amos Tutuola, David Grene, GeorgeP. Elliott, Bruno Bettelheim, ElderOlsen, Marianne Moore, David Riesman, Kenneth Burke, Arnold Toynbee, Tennessee Williams, Reuel Denney, and James T. Farrell.We are equally proud of the newerwriters we have presented: poetssuch as Paul B. Newman, Henry Birn-baum, Lori Petri, Richard Ashmanand Janet Fiscalini; short story writers such as Walter Ballenger, ArthurCastillo and (in a future issue) JoanMauney; and, in non-fiction, JohnDawkins, Robert Roth and Wayne C.Booth.Whatever reputation Chicago Review has or will have must be basedon material by these and other writers. They are not paid for their work,beyond three free copies of the magazine. They are patient with the delays occasioned by handling hundredsof manuscripts without full-time help.And the quality of unsolicited material indicates that they respect ourjudgment.Most well-known writers who appear in the Review are, of course,solicited by the editors. Frequentlywe ask for selections from books inprogress, or for original work expanding statements made in another(Continued on Page 23)APRIL, 1956 13Mid -YearOpen HouseTHE Alumni Association played host toseven hundred visiting alumni at theannual Mid-Year Open House on February 25.Visitors toured laboratories, clinics,classrooms and projects in the afternoon;enjoyed a buffet dinner at the QuadrangleClub and were entertained at a studentshow in Mandel Hall in the evening.(Photos by Stephen Lewellyn)Sherwood Washburn, Professor of Physical Anthropology, pointsup some of the finer points of the controversy over evolutionfor a group of visiting alumnae.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEjack Prost, graduate student in physicalanthropology, explains the changes in thehuman pelvis involved in the evolutionfrom quadruple to bipedal locomotion, toMrs. William Lange (Lila Lindsay, '34),right, and her guest, Mrs. Otto Kreuzer.Richard Elinson, 10, shows anAfrican Queen termite to hisfather, Jack, as they visit thetour on termites. They are thehusband and son of alumnaMay Gomberg Elinson, '40Alumni help themselves to buffettable in the Quadrangle ClubA visiting alumni family gets acquainted with some foreign students over coffee atInternational House. They are, (I to r), Martin F. Young, '36; his son, Craig, 10; ErnestMoses, graduate student in sociology from India; Penny Young, 12; ShulamiBen-Yishai, Israel, who is working on a Ph.D. in law; Mrs. Young, and Hanson Akpabis,Nigerian student of political scienceAPRIL, 1956 15NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESPlan Second Arts FestivalDancing to Carillon, BlackfriarsSkit Among Scheduled EventsOUTDOOR dancing to carillonmusic, a trumpet concert infront of Rockefeller Chapel, a skitby the revived Blackfriars, and a lecture by novelist and short story writerEudora Welty are among the eventsscheduled for the second annualFestival of the Arts.For five days, from April 25-29,works and talents of students andfaculty, together with some visitingartists, will be displayed. Several social events are also scheduled.Alumni are invited to attend allof the events. Although most will befree, admission will be charged for afew.Plans for the festival are shapingup under the co- chairmanship ofPenny Rich, student, and John Netherton, Dean of Students in the College.The committee hopes to again decorate the campus with sculptureworks by prominent Chicago artists.Formal opening of the five-day affair will be on Wednesday afternoon,April 25, with an exhibit of studentand faculty art in Ida Noyes Hall.The works will be judged by prominent Chicago artists and prizes willbe awarded.The same afternoon a combinationcarillon and dance program will takeplace in the courtyard of Ida Noyes.Music will be provided by the Rockefeller Chapel carilloneur, James R.Lawson.On Wednesday evening UniversityTheatre will begin a four- day run of Strindberg's "Ghost Sonata." Tentatively scheduled for Wednesday evening is a combination University Bandand Glee Club performance.Thursday's events will begin witha concert by the combined forces ofbrass from the band and members ofthe Glee Club. They will perform onthe roof of Hutchinson Commons,with Mitchell Tower as a backdrop.Another art exhibit and tea will beheld, this one in Lexington Hall. Inthe evening, Eudora Welty will givea lecture in Mandel Hall, under thesponsorship of the William VaughnMoody Lecture Series. Miss Welty'snovel, "The Ponder Heart," has beenadapted into a play and opened recently on Broadway.A student-faculty baseball game istentatively scheduled for Thursdayafternoon.The University Band will performFriday afternoon in HutchinsonCourt. Finals of the student poetryreading contest will be held the sameafternoon in Bond Chapel. In theevening, in addition to the UniversityTheatre performance, a Universityconcert, part of the regular series,will be held. Andrew Foldi, PhB '45,AM '48, who has sung .with Chicago'sLyric Opera, will be the featuredartist.Events for Saturday were still inthe planning stage at press-time. Tentatively scheduled are an underwaterswimming exhibition, tennis andbaseball, a concert by the GermanBand, and a performance by the Folklore Society and the Musical Society. The Beaux Arts Ball on Saturdaynight will be preceded by fraternityopen houses and a faculty party at theQuadrangle Club.Sunday morning a trumpet performance will be presented in frontof Rockefeller Chapel, before theregular Sunday services. In the afternoon, a carillon recital will be presented, followed by a performance inRockefeller Chapel of the ChicagoSymphony Orchestra and the ChapelChoir.On Sunday afternoon there will bean exhibit of products of variouscountries at International House. Thesecond annual Festival of the Nations will be presented Sunday evening at International House.Print-MakingINSTRUCTION in print - making,free of charge, is now availableto students, faculty, alumni and theirfriends, every Tuesday afternoon andevening at Lexington Studio.Charles Smith, assistant in the studio, will be available to give instructions in almost all phases of print-making except lithography.The Monday night sketch class,open free to faculty, alumni and theirfriends, is flourishing, the CollegeHumanities Office reports. An averageof 26 persons attends each Monday,from 7:30-10:00 P.M., and artistsrange from beginners to professionals.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENew S.S.A. HeadALTON A. LINFORD, Professor ofl Service Administration, has beenappointed Dean of the School of SocialService Administration, effective October 1. He will succeed Helen R.Wright, Samuel Deutsch Professor ofSocial Service Administration, Deansince 1942, who retires September 30.The new dean joined the faculty in1945. He is a specialist in the problems of administration of public welfare and social security.Polio GrantA GRANT of $45,380 by the NationalFoundation for Infantile Paralysis to the University was made inFebruary. It will be used for research on the polio virus. Earl A.Evans, Jr., Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry, is in charge ofthe research project, which was begun in 1947. Evans and his team arecurrently engaged in an investigationof virus mechanism.Social Sciences Open HouseOVER two-hundred students andteachers from fifty-five differenthigh schools and junior colleges inthe Chicago area and surrounding150-mile area attended the OpenHouse of the Division of Social Sciences on February 18.Faculty members gave a series oftalks; exhibits were on display inthe Cloister Club in Ida Noyes Hall.Social scientists who did not appearon the program were on hand to talkto students and teachers. Among thetopics discussed, (some events werepresented three times, to accommodate a larger number of people,) were"World's Oldest Villages," by Prof.of Anthropology Robert J. Braidwood; "The Mystery of Money," byProfessor of Economics Milton Friedman; "U.S. And The Bamboo Curtain," by Professor of Political Science Hans J. Morgenthau; "UsingOur Water Wisely," by Professor ofGeography Gilbert White.New Law ProfessorFRANCIS A. ALLEN, Professor inthe Harvard Law School, an authority in the field of criminal law, willjoin the Chicago Law School facultyJuly 1.A graduate of Cornell College, Mt.Vernon, Iowa, and of NorthwesternUniversity Law School, he was amember of the faculty of the Northwestern school from 1948 to 1953, Jeanine Johnson, who was crowned"Miss U. of C." at Washington Promwhen he was appointed at Harvard.On graduation from Northwestern, hewas law clerk to Chief Justice Frederic M. Vinson of the U. S. SupremeCourt. He served in the U. S. AirForce, 1942-45.Tighter Statistics ControlMASS experiments, such as the1954 Salk polio tests, must besubject to rigorous statistical controls concluded K. Alexander Brownlee, Assistant Professor in the Committee on Statistics, in a recentarticle in the Journal of the AmericanStatistical Association.The 1954 tests, which led to massclinical use of the Salk vaccine in1955, were one of the biggest andmost expensive mass experimentsever run. As originally planned, andpartially carried out, they would havebeen statistically meaningless, Brownlee reports. The original plan was to administer the vaccine to children in thesecond grade of school, while observing the children in the first and thirdgrades. The flaw lay in the possibleconfounding of the effects of the vaccine with the effect of age differences among the three groups. Sucha procedure also conflicts with thebasic statistical principle of achieving the greatest randomization of thesample. Unfortunately, this faultytechnique was used on 59 per cent ofthe children in the 1954 study, and,for drawing statistical conclusions,the data were almost completelyvalueless, Brownlee said.The approach was then changed,and the remaining 41 per cent of thechildren in the test provided data thatcould be considered statistically significant. This resulted from combining children from the first, secondand third grades in mixed groups.One-half the children received a series of three "dummy" shots, technically called "placebos." The otherhalf were given the three antipolioshots. Generally speaking, comparisons of polio incidence in these groupsare valuable.Faculty DeathsPROFESSOR Frank T. Flynn,member of the University Schoolof Social Service Administrationsince 1947, died of a heart attack, January 11 in Chicago. He was 47.Professor Flynn, an authority oncombating juvenile delinquency, was1 head of the division of social workat the University of Notre Dame before joining the Chicago faculty. His'. professional posts included service asconsultant to Family Court in Chicago and to courts and correctionaldepartments in many states, as wellas membership in the professionalcouncil of the National Probation andParole Association and the AmericanPrison Association.In academic work, he recently com-; pleted a study of the Philadelphiai court system. He received his PhDdegree from Chicago in 1949.Zonia Baber, who retired from herassociate professorship of geology andt geography at the University in 1921,i died January 10 in Lansing, Michiganat the age of 93.s Miss Baber was one of the foundersi of the Geographic Society of ChicagoI in 1898, a group which is still func-s tioning. She received an SB degreei from the University in 1904. She helde her associate professorship in theSchool of Education at the time ofher retirement.APRIL, 1956 17Frederic C.1895(Frederic Campbell Woodward,Vice-president Emeritus, died January 17. Memorial set-vices in hishonor were held in Bond Chapel onFebruary 8. Two of the three addresses given at the service are_reproduced here.)OUR Law School is now somefifty-four years old. When I firstbecame a part of it, in the humblecapacity of an entering student, it wasonly a bare twelve years old. Inescapably, as one turns one's thoughtsback to those distant, early days ofthe school, they take on a greatness,an impressiveness, that — one mightsuspect — were, partly at least, thework of time and the natural awe feltby a' first-year student. As one nowlooks back on these long-gone days,however, one is more and more surethat those were indeed the days ofthe Titans in our school. If, as isentirely possible, today's faculty istheir equal, still they had one tremendous advantage: By and largelegal education in those days was ona lower level than it is now. It was,therefore, possible to be outstandingthen in a way not possible today,when so many of the valleys havepushed up almost to the level of thepeaks. It is, then, no invidious comparison with today to say again, "Yes,those were indeed the days of theTitans."There was James Parker Hall, ourfirst permanent dean, one, if not the,first to create the teaching field ofConstitutional Law, whose casebookon that subject led the way for somany others. There was FloydMechem, whose monumental textsare still the greatest authorities intheir respective fields. There wasErnst Freund, the first tq realize thata new field of law was arising — Ad- Woodward,1956ministrative Law — a field which today is rivaled only by the law oftaxation in the increase in its scopeand importance. Judge Hinton hadcome to us a little later, but wasalmost an original member of thefaculty. Finally, there was HarryBigelow. The bitter blow of his losswas so recent that I need say nothingto remind you of his greatness.This was the truly formidable groupthat Frederic Woodward joined in1916 — so early a date that with thelapse of time he came to seem almostone of the original faculty. He wasthen forty-two years old, and hadalready taught at Dickinson, from1898 to 1902; at Northwestern, from1902 to 1907; and at Leland Stanford, from 1907 to 1916. He had beendean of the Stanford Law School forthe preceding eight years. I vividlyremember the curiosity with which•we students looked forward to thecoming of the new celebrity. For acelebrity he was, as the country'sleading authority on Quasi Contract— that large field of law coveringsituations where there is no contractof any sort between the two partiesbut where nonetheless fairness demands that certain payments shouldbe made by one party to the other,just as if a definite contract had beenentered into to that end.Our initial curiosity was soonturned into lively satisfaction withthe newcomer. In part, this was legitimately and understandably due tothe interesting contrast in classroomways and manners between him andour other teachers . . .To all these teaching ways andmethods, Woodward brought still another one. It was the direct andinevitable reflection of his warm andoutgoing personality. His colleagues, wriiexcept for Judge Hinton, were menof great personal reserve and consistent dignity. So much so in thecase of Mr. Mechem that even aftertwenty years of association he wasnever a single time known to havecalled a colleague by his first name oreven ever to have omitted the "Mr."Inevitably this attitude carried overinto the classroom. The contrast thatWoodward offered us was dramatic.In his classes there was informal free-and-easy give-and-take, little or nofear of not being "good enough" tospeak up and so in general a democratic, relaxed atmosphere in whichWoodward, with his friendliness andfrequent jokes seemed to wish to behardly more than the senior student.No wonder that he soon became"Fritz" to us, and that it was surprising that he was not so addressedoccasionally to his face. His classeswere fun — intellectual fun, of course,but still fun. And who will dare toassert that their informality andeven, one might almost say, theirgayety made them any the less effective?This trait of his personality proveda particularly important one for mepersonally. I joined the faculty ofthe Law School in the autumn of1920. The men who had been myteachers werejiow suddenly my colleagues — senior colleagues, but stillmy colleagues. It was naturally arather difficult transition. The intimate friendship that was to developwith Harry Bigelow had not yet comeinto being, and I felt myself neitherfish, flesh, nor fowl. How very mucheasier the transition was made by theimmediate, warm friendliness of FritzWoodward! Again and again — perhaps every few days — he would dropinto my office, seat himself on top ofmy desk, and ask how things were18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEgoing, or pass on some amusing storythat he had heard. I shall alwaysremember the delight with which heonce recited a newly discovered poemof historical nonsense. It was entitled,I recall, "When Otto Founded theOttoman Empire."This happy association lasted all tooshort a time. In only a few years hebecame Vice-President of the University and a little later Acting President ... Of those later years othersare far better fitted to speak than Iam. This I do not begrudge them, forI have, for my share, the bright memory of a peculiarly warmhearted personality and a steadfast, loyal andsympathetic friend.Ernest W. Puttkammer, JD '17,Professor of LawFRITZ WOODWARD'S careerspanned the three generations ofthe University. He knew the manymembers of the original Harper faculty who were here when he camein 1916, those of the second era thatbegan with President Judson, and onthrough to the present time. But hisclaim to recognition does not dependon a long or active life. It rests ratheron the solid contributions he made tothe University. His intimate knowledge of its history gave him a perspective and understanding that heapplied wisely, as he did all hisknowledge, to the University's welfare and advancement. Forty yearsis a long time, and when they areused with the qualities that Fritz had,they make a real impression even onan institution of this size.How are the Cubs doing?My own acquaintance with him began as a student in the Law School.He stood in his own right as the peerof Hall, Mechem, Bigelow, andFreund, a faculty preeminent in thecountry. It was a group into whichFritz Woodward fitted easily; theywere all men of character, dignity,and learning, and to use a word notmuch in the common vocabulary today, gentlemen. Many of the Lawstudents of that time were WorldWar I veterans, with no particularrespect for authority. But it neveroccurred to any of them to take liberties of any kind with that faculty.They were able men and we gavethem the attention they merited.My association with Fritz was renewed in 1927, when he was thenVice-President and Dean of Faculties. I came here at his insistence, andI was pleased that he thought thiswell of me. But in one way I wasa disappointment to him. Fritz wasAPRIL, 1956 an unfailingly hopeful Cub fan andI had just spent a year as a reporterwith t_::.t team. He never could understand why I was disinterested intalking baseball with him. But throughthe years in which he so ably filledmany positions in the University, hewas always considerate and understanding. It was a privilege to workwith him.Prayer plus paymentWhen Fritz became acting presidenthe was not a passive and interim headof the University. Those were daysof expansion and change, with decisions to be made about such new ventures as the University Clinics. Therealso were an unusual number of cornerstone layings and ceremonials. Thededication of Rockefeller MemorialChapel in the autumn of 1928 was oneof these. Fritz and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. were the two chief speakers.Fritz rose to this occasion as he always did, with an address of characteristic quality that thoughtfully andeloquently expressed the relationshipof religion to the life of the University. Mr. Rockefeller was so impressed that he had the speech printedand distributed widely, and for someyears it was available to Chapel visitors. It was this speech which alsoled Mr. Rockefeller to request, in1931, that Mr. Woodward serve as amember of the Laymen's ForeignMissions Inquiry Commission whichspent almost a year studying the missions of Asia. Fritz was gratified bythe reaction of Mr. Rockefeller to thespeech, not as a personal satisfaction,but because on an important occasionthe University had been properly represented. Out of this solemn ceremonial came one of his favorite storiesof a series of lighter recollectionsabout the University. Mr. Rockefellerhad concluded his speech at the dedication with the announcement of agift of a million dollars as an endowment fund. There followed immediately a collection from the congregation. What Fritz recalled with delightwas the vehement reaction of a Chicago detective, assigned as Mr.Rockefeller's bodyguard, to thisoverly commercial aspect of the proceedings.The search for a successor to President Mason extended almost a year.Meanwhile Fritz was administeringthe University with such good judgment and skill a growing convictionarose that the best candidate for theposition was there in plain view. Witha modesty and deprecation that cameclose to being a fault, Fritz discour aged the idea, and industriouslypushed the nationwide search thatresulted in the selection of PresidentHutchins. Fritz was ambitious andaggressive for the University, but notfor himself.As an administrator he movedcarefully but not hesitantly; he facedup squarely to his problems and answered them firmly. Something of hislegal training was reflected in thethoroughness of his analysis and consideration, but there was never anything legalistic about him. He soughta sound and workable answer; he hadan active sense of fairness and justiceand an awareness of human elementsand weakness. As director of the Fiftieth Anniversary Celebration heplanned and produced an occasionthat reflected his sense of taste anddignity, but with the flair of competence he brought always to his careerhere.The conciliatorHe always had the confidence andesteem of his colleagues. There aresome here today who will recall aSunday morning meeting in Pathbl-ogy 117 when the embattled facultymet with rebellion in their hearts. Itis a measure of Fritz Woodward thathe stood up in that meeting and dissuaded it from adopting the coursewhich was contemplated. He could dothis because his judgment and hissincere devotion to the Universitycommanded that kind of hearing andinfluence. He was an equally convincing ambassador to the outsideworld; he reflected an integrity andreliability that produced confidenceand belief. Abbott Hall carries itsname because Fritz worked steadilyand persuasively for more than a yearwith the trustee of an estate that wasearmarked for another institution.Then, as a sort of bonus, he persuaded the trustee to give a furthersubstantial contribution to Lying-inHospital. Fritz also had among hisachievements two large gifts to medicine that only he could have obtained.Altogether, the total of gifts he gotfor the University was large.Better than most, Fritz understoodwhat the University represents andhe was devoted to its purposes. Hemade that devotion effective with hisvaluable attributes of ability andcharacter, which he used to serve theUniversity intelligently, constructiverly, and imaginatively.William V. Morgenstern,PhB'20 JD '22,Director of Public Relations19Lady Editor at LOOKU rkEPARTMENTAL editor, LOOK Magazine" reads the lineJS marked "nature of business" on Laura Bergquist's card inthe alumni file. But the four words merely hint at what has beena fascinating career since Laura left the Midway in 1939.Immediately after graduation she left her native Chicago forGreenwich Village, where she became one of a colony ofex-Chicagoans. She and her friends formed the nucleus of the famousHutch (for Hutchins) Club, and many of them are now active inthe New York Alumni Clu-b.A former editor of the Maroon and president of Interclub,Laura's aim was a writing career, and she joined ths night staffof the Newark Star-Ledger, selling stories on the sideto King Features.She returned to Chicago not long afterwards as associate editorfor Coronet, then went on to Hollywood, to open the Californiaoffice of Esquire-Coronet. Her work occasionally tookher to Mexico, and there she made contacts which eventually landedher on the campaign train of presidential candidate Miguel Aleman,handling press relations. Following his election, she stayedin public relations for his government.But the Midway still had its appeal, and in 1949 Laura came backto become editor of The University of ChicagoMagazine, a post she held for two years. Pageant Magazinelured her back to New York as associate editor, and within twoyears she was senior editor. She left that job to join the staff ofLOOK Magazine last year.Laura maintains an amazing number of friendships with herfellow -alumni, and there's a constant parade of Chicago visitorsthrough her office. They invariably ask, "What does an editor do?"Briefly, here are some of the highlights in a top-flight editor's job.(Photos by Werner Wolff-Black Star)The first step in preparing a story is an idea conference in the officeof editor Dan Mich (center, at table) . Others, left to right, are assistantmanaging editor David Botter, Laura, and managing editor Bill Arthur. On assignment,Laura enjoys ajoke but subjectSteve Allendoesn't seem toget it. Amongfamous peopleLaura hasprofiled areAllen, GloriaVanderbilt,"Bobo" Rockefeller and GreerGarson. One ofher recent as-assignments wasa profile on theRoosevelt family.20Most stories are shot onlocation, but occasionally moreshots are needed, and hereLaura works in the studiowith photographer Bob Lerner,another ex-Chicagoan.The interview finished, Laura writes the story in her office.Tanganyika poster on her wall is souvenir from a specialissue on Africa, which she put together. For this issue,among other chores, she had to lop an article by AdlaiStevenson from 6000 to 2000 words. Not shown is Laura'spride and joy, an original drawing of Pogo on the wall of heroffice, captioned, "I Just Came In to Get My Toes Curled."In photo on right, together with assistant art editor LeonardJossel she looks over color transparencies to pickout illustrations for story on Steve Allen.The final step — after several more editorial and photo conferences, the entire story islaid out, either by Art Director Allen Hurlburt or his assistant, Jossel. It is then placedon the "story board" in the big editorial conference room. Here Jossel and Lauralook over final proofs of the Steve Allen story, titled "All About Steve." Proofsfor the Africa issue can be seen on the lower shelf.Campaign NewsAlumni Fund DriveTops First MillionTHE FIRST million dollars of the$3 million goal in the alumni partof the Campaign has been achieved,it was announced on March 9.Total amount recorded on that datewas $1,002,698. Contributions arepouring in daily from alumni in everystate in the union.Chicago Area CampaignWith the advance gifts drive amongChicago alumni winding up, the Chicago general alumni campaign covering 18,000 graduates is getting underway. Under the chairmanship of Milton H. Kreines, '27, first letters are outrecruiting workers. Nearly 1,000alumni are expected to sign up ascampaigners.The Chicago area effort will includea number of unusual mailing piecesand a special suburban organization.A quota of $250,000 has been set tobe reached by the June 2 deadline.Citizens' Campaign ChairmenEdwin A. Locke, Jr., President ofUnion Tank Car Co., who is servingas chairman of the Citizens' Campaign, has named several vice-chairmen v to serve under him. Theyinclude: Charles W. D. Hanson, western manager of LIFE Magazine, forthe Loop; Robert E. Meyer, DistrictPlant Superintendent of Illinois BellTelephone Co., north side; Calvin P.Sawyier, attorney with Winston,Strawn, Smith & Patterson, southside; and John E. Stipp, president ofthe Federal Home Loan Bank ofChicago, for the suburbs.The City's FutureThe quality of Chicago's greatnesswill be determined by a partnershipbetween the city and its universitiesin building the future, ChancellorKimpton and Chicago's Mayor Richard J. Daley told 1,000 civic leadersat a dinner in the Palmer HouseMarch 12. Hosts at the dinner werethe trustees. The dinner previewed _ Chicago'sdynamic growth and problems in thecoming decade. Four specialists fromthe University's faculty joined in theappraisal of the city's development."It is right for a great university tobe deeply a part of a great community, to share its triumphs, its problems, its plans, even its dreams,"Kimpton said."It has been America's destiny toproduce the greatest cities in theworld and America's great universities share this destiny. There areuniversities in this country, and goodones, that reside in sleepy little towns.I feel sorry for them."The training of men to meet boththe general and the highly specializedresponsibilities of urban living is thebusiness of the universities. As wedo it well or badly, our cities willflourish or decay," Kimpton said."How do we make the wheels ofindustry turn faster and in new directions, how do we train the business and professional man of tomorrow for new and creative leadership,how do we build and support a greatMilton hi. Kreines center for music, art and literatureand how in a great material metropolis do we keep uppermost the spiritual needs of men?" Kimpton asked."These are questions that we in theuniversities are struggling with, andit is by correct answers to such questions that a city is made and keptgreat."Chicago today is one of the greatresearch centers of the world in thephysical and biological sciences, Harold C. Urey, Nobel Prize winningnuclear chemist, said."If Chicago has the courage to workout its physical future in terms ofindustrial development, civic improvement and problems of government, it will become the scientificcapital of the United States," Ureypredicted.Philip M. Hauser, Professor of Sociology and former director of theU.S. Census Bureau, in a forecast ofChicago's population trends, predicted that by 1965 the Chicago Metropolitan area should have a population of about 6.8-million. Of this, 4million will be in the city itself and2.8 million in the ring around thecity, he said.In a survey of Chicago's economicprospects by 1965, James H. Lorie,Associate Professor of Business, forecast a forty-five per cent growth inbusiness in the next ten years.Jerald C. Brauer, Dean of the Federated Theological Faculty, said thatChicago's spiritual and religious resources must keep pace with its material and intellectual development ifit is to remain a great city."Spiritual resources are desperatelyneeded to live with the prosperitythat is ours," he said."We at the University of Chicagohope to contribute to the future greatness of our community not simplythrough our scientific wisdom andknowledge but also through a freshand vigorous reappropriation and understanding of the Judeo-Christianheritage and its application to modernlife," he concluded.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEShoestring Literature(Continued from Page 13)publication or during a lecture. Somenever answer, others cooperate withthe grace and possibly the generousmotives of elder statesmen, a fewquite obviously want to plug theirbooks, or pet ideas that are ignoredelsewhere. Most, we like to think,appreciate the fact that the Reviewhas no political axe to grind, nocritics' clique to soothe, or traditionalform to defend. An important factoris the magazine's ability to get notices elsewhere. In the past yearChicago Review material has beennoted, and quoted, by the LondonTimes Literary Supplement, a Lifeeditorial, Writer's Digest, Harper's,Trace, Mademoiselle, Chicago Tribune Book Section, London Magazine,Intro Bulletin, and The MiscellaneousMan.For such notice, and for subscribers,we compete with such publications asPartisan Review, Yale Review, Poetryand Accent, some of which are longestablished and are able to pay asmuch as $75 per page to contributors,or (as with The Virginia QuarterlyReview and The Paris Review) areable to attract writers through literary contests with cash awards.Against such competition, real orimagined, the Review circulation hasvaried from a few hundred to anoverly -optimistic printing of 22,500copies. In sales, as in seeking manuscripts, we are not directed towardthe campus; our present averagequarterly circulation of 7,500 includesshipments to dealers in Mexico, Hawaii, Turkey, France, Italy, Sweden,and the Phillipines. An increasingnumber of inquiries, subscriptions andmanuscripts are being received fromoutside this country.During the past ten years ChicagoReview has increased in price from40c to 50c per copy, but we haveadded an average of 100 pages perissue. Without additional advertisingrevenue or reduced operating costswe may soon face the decision of aprice increase. At this point manymagazines have had to declare, asdid the justly famous Hound & Hornin 1934: "An independent quarterly,since a monthly is considerably toofrequent for the weight of materialacceptable to Hound & Horn, is onlynecessary in America to comparatively few people, who are unfortunately not in a position to support thisnecessity." If this should happen to ChicagoReview we would be able, I believe,to report that we maintained the policy established by the founding editors in 1946 when they wrote:(<Chicago Review chooses to presenta contemporary standard of goodwriting . . . By maintaining a rigidquality we feel that we can best servethe interest of the young, the growingwriter. The campus periodical whichfunctions merely as an organ of self-adulation for its own staff, offersnothing beyond a personal and momentary elation. The magazine whichdemands that the campus writers dobetter than they thought they could,realizes a distinctly serious achievement."Oldest Living Dean(Continued from Page 10)As Dean, Mr. Kimpton conceived astudent health service committed topreventive medicine as well as patient care; he also sponsored theCounseling Center under Carl Rogers' direction. I have had the pleasure of seeing these services developand expand, along with other counseling services in the Dean of Studentsarea. We have seen a tremendousgrowth of interest in religion developon this campus, and although we arenot directly involved in this work, ourconcern, as it must be, is for the wholeindividual.Two recent campus developmentshave been a source of particular prideto me. The Festival of the Arts ofspring, 1955, exceeded our fondesthopes and should become an annualaffair of real distinction. The reopening of Ida Noyes as a second student center provides for the expansion occurring everywhere at theUniversity.In these ten years I have hadjoy, frustration, pleasure and heartache. I have sat in the capitol atSpringfield and heard vitriol aboutour University, followed by a brilliantdefence by Mr. Hutchins. I have seenstudents publicly protesting academicchanges, but as yet have had no pantyraid. I have withstood a torrent ofabuse for removing an editor of theMaroon and read a telegram from the Russian student union addressed toMr. Hutchins, stating that seven million students protested Dean Strozier'sdismissing a student for breaking ourrules. All of this suggested that Iwas a neo-fascist, while Fulton Lewis,Jr. suggested in a column that I wasa great patriot.Subsequently, a former studentpublished in The American LegionMagazine a derogatory article aboutthe University in which I was madea particular target. He virtuallyproved that I am dangerously left ofcenter.Fortunately, for the University andfor me I am neither far right nor left,and I hope and trust not all thingsto all men.Actually I get scant sympathy fromanybody at the University. My faceremains round and florid; I am obviously well-fed, and I have missedonly two days from my office on account of illness, in eleven years, eachtime because of head colds. I shouldlike for everyone to feel that he mustpull for "good old Bob who works sohard," but I am painfully aware thatno one will do so. It is altogether tooevident that I did, do, and will enjoybeing Dean of Students.poofs=>^CLJL__T->rand y^vl—LjrN^rvJISpeaker's Encyclopedia of Stories,Quotations and Anecdotes. By JacobM. Braude, JD '20. Prentice -Hall, Inc.,1955. Pp. 476.Jacob M. Braude, Judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, has someforty platform years and a few thousand speeches to his credit. From thisexperience and his 8,000-card file ofjokes and quotes he selects 2,961,triple-indexes them, adds sixteen tipson speechmaking, and turns you looseto become the life of the platform.Vascular Plants of Illinois. ByGeorge N. Jones and George D. Fuller, SM '12, PhD '13. University ofIllinois Press, 1955. Pp. 593.George N. Jones is Professor ofBotany and Curator of the Herbarium, University of Illinois; George D.Fuller is Professor Emeritus of PlantEcology, The University of Chicago,and Curator of the Herbarium, Illinois State Museum.This volume gives the essentialdata on 2,450 plant species with 1,375maps to locate them geographically.The project was begun in 1939 andpublished last fall. TT ___ _ _H.W.M.APRIL, 1956 23Toward UnderstandingNature(Continued from Page 7)vestment per unit of output; the otherattempts the highest net efficiency inthe use of sunlight while still achieving reasonable costs.Both techniques produce hydrocarbons at a projected cost of about$150-400 per ton. Since gasoline inthe United States costs $40-$80 perton, using hydrocarbons obtained fromalgae might raise the fuel operatingcost of automobiles from two to fivecents a mile, and air travel costs fromone -half to one cent per passengermile.In the first technique the algaewould be grown in ponds and wouldrequire the addition of certain inorganic chemicals essential for theirgrowth. Ponds would be so locatedas to provide for steady winds forcooling, but extra aeration equipment might be needed to preventoverheating at midday.The solution in which the algaegrow would be at a relatively highalkalinity, in order to accelerate theuptake of carbon dioxide by the algae. ,The rate at which the plants take up/the carbon dioxide appears to be thecritical factor in limiting the fuelyield.Principal costs involved dependmainly upon the costs of constructingthe algae ponds.In the method using more efficienttechniques, rather than striving forthe lowest possible investment, it isproposed to use a type of algae thatgrows well in brackish or sea water.The growing installation would haveto be covered, thus requiring moreaeration and more cooling of thegrowing plants. The temperature ofthe water can be cooled by quickevaporation in a vacuum chamber,which could also generate some extra electric power as well as producedistilled water from the sea.The most appropriate locations forthe second type of facilities are theshore lines of heavily populatedcountries with semitropical and tropical climates. This approach also depends upon first setting up installations for growing algae for foodproduction. The problem of growingalgae for fuel is much less difficultthan that of growing algae for food.Radiation Injury EffectsDEATH caused by bacterial infection following exposure , of experimental animals to certain types of radiation was the subject of recentinquiry by Dr. C. Phillip Miller, Professor of Medicine. Dr. Miller reported some of his findings to theAtlanta meeting of the American Association for the Advancement ofScience.Exposure of white mice to radiations similar to some discharged during nuclear explosions causes theanimals to become unable to destroybacteria in the blood stream. Treatment with antibiotics prevents infections from developing, and reducesmortality among the mice.Radiation disables the animals bydamaging and reducing the whiteblood cells and lymph nodes whichnormally destroy the bacteria. Fora time, certain cells in the liver andspleen are able to remove bacteriafrom the blood but after a few days,they too show the effects of radiation injury and are unable to keepthe blood free from bacteria. Bacteria then accumulate in the bloodwhere they multiply and cause death.Adequate treatment with antibiotics can prevent generalized infectionfrom developing and give the animaltime to recover from radiation damage, if it has not been excessive.After excessive radiation infectionplays a minor role because blood-forming organs have become permanently disabled.FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts. Silverware.Golden Dirilyte(formerly Dirigold)FLATWARE & HOLLOW WAREWhole sets and open stockCOMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, III. CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoTheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake — FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur SpecialtyBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380alumni are alwayswelcome at theHotel Del PradoFifty-Third Street andHyde Park BoulevardHYde Park 3-9600LOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESROBERT & SHAPIRO, '33, FOUNDER24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEa Nass Mews02Students and faculty of Randolph-Macon Women's College have produceda Greek motion picture, Aeschylus'"Oresteia", to honor Mabel K. Whiteside,AM '15, PhD '32, on her retirement, after50 years as head of the Greek Department. Filming of "Oresteia" had itsbeginning in the spring of 1954 whenthe college presented a two-day Greekfestival to honor Miss Whiteside, whobegan presenting plays in their originalGreek at the college nearly fifty yearsago.07Oscar Riddle, PhD, who lives in PlantCity, Florida, has a new book: "The Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought." Itwas reviewed in SCIENCE by Dr. A. J.Carlson, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Physiology.William E. Wrather, director of theGeological Survey since 1943, has retired.He has had a distinguished career inpetroleum geology. He has been awardedthe Anthony F. Lucas Petroleum Medalof the American Institute of Mining andMetallurgical Engineers, and the JohnFritz Mee^al, highest engineering awardin this country. He was awarded ourAlumni Medal for distinguished serviceat the fiftieth anniversary celebration ofthe University in 1941.09Madeline Nash says her chief interestis in her nieces and nephews, one ofwhom is a lawyer in Saudi Arabia.10Leverett Lyon, AM '18, PhD '21, hasbeen appointed executive director of theNortheastern Illinois Metropolitan AreaGovernmental Services Commission. Thisis a legislative commission of 21 to studythe problems of the area in such fields aswater supply, drainage, sewage, garbagedisposal, public health, safety, and welfare. Dr. Lyon was recently elected tothe Cabinet of the Alumni Associationas a PhD representative.12Mrs. Christene Maclntyre Hughes hasretired from the alumni records department of Northwestern University andhas joined her son in Owensboro, Kentucky. She also has a son in Florida andone in California. 14Lillian M. Levy is an assistant principaland teacher in the Chicago schools.Howell Murray and his wife Betsy interrupted their Florida West Coast vacation in February to meet with the alumniof Winter Park, Orlando, and DeLand.Howell, a Trustee of the University,brought the 50 alumni and friends up todate on the current campaign and theUniversity's progress. The luncheon wasat the Women's Club at Winter Park andwas arranged through classmate RudyD. Matthews. Chairman was John Ma-sek, '23.17Zoe A. Thralls, Professor of Geography at the University of Pittsburgh,publishes The World Around Us in April.Donald P. Bean resigned as directorof the Stanford University Press to become director of the Syracuse UniversityPress January 1, 1956. He was formerly manager of the publications Department of the University of ChicagoPress.ISSumner H. Slichter, PhD, one of thenation's foremost economists, was guestspeaker at the 36th annual meeting ofthe Associated Industries of Clevelandlast March.Theodore A. Link, PhD, '27, becomesthe 40th president of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists on April26. He is president of Link, Downing,& Cooke, Ltd., Petroleum Consultants.19John C. Henderson recently celebratedhis thirty-fifth anniversary with SinclairRefining Co., Youngstown, Ohio.Katherine Bartholomew Jobson (Mrs.Edward R.), and her husband own andoperate a gift and fabric shop at Manchester Depot, Vt.20Hoyt C. Leach, Ingleside, 111., is a salesman for Prudential Insurance Co.21Emily Hollowell is membership secretary of the First Presbyterian Church ofInglewood, Calif. Re-elected PresidentVivian Carter Mason (Mrs. William T.), '21, was unanimouslyreelected president of the NationalCouncil of Negro Women last November. She has been a professional social worker for over 25years. In the early '40's she wasappointed Director of the SocialService Division, New York CityDepartment of Welfare, the highestcivil service position there everobtained by a Negro. Also whilein New York, Mrs. Mason foundedthe Committee of 100 Women, anorganization which has giventhousands of dollars in campscholarships to underprivilegedchildren. Returning to live in Norfolk, Va., in 1945, she founded theinterracial Women's Council forInterracial Cooperation, which inten years has grown to 400 members.Arkell M. Vaughn, '22, MD '24, Chicago,is in private surgical practice at Mercyand Cook County hospitals. He is Professor of Surgery at the Loyola University School of Medicine and Cook CountyGraduate School of Medicine. He is pastpresident of the 111. State Medical Societyand the American Medical Writers Association.Katherine Sisson Jensen (Mrs. JohnP.), AM '38, Chicago, has three children:John, Peter, and Katherine.Warren C. Cavins has retired afterthirty-two years with the S. S. KresgeCo.Harry M. Shulman is on leave fromthe City College of New York to beFirst Deputy Commissioner of Correction in New York City.APRIL, 1956 25Robert M. Moore is a member of theBoard of Directors, Wichita, (Kansas),Real Estate Board, and the Board of Zoning Appeals.Margaret Tunison Bradford, (Mrs.W. J.), writes that they now have fourgrandsons. Ruth Rumsey Coleman, '23,is blessed with the other sex — she hasthree granddaughters.Dorothy Huebner Towne, (Mrs. JohnW.), is teaching biology at Fenger HighSchool, Chicago. Her husband is a civilengineer for the Metropolitan SanitaryDistrict.Lucille Miller Liebrich, JD '27, writesthat she won't make reunion. "We willbe in Europe during May and June, expect to pick up a Mercedes in Stuttgart, drive it through Austria, Alsace,the Italian and French Rivieras, Spain,Brittany; then bring it home and makea pet of it."Radzia Jankowski Niewiarowski (Mrs.E.), lived in Poland from '21-'42, thenwas taken to an internment camp inLiebenau, Germany. She remained thereuntil her repatriation in '45. She nowteaches in the foreign adult departmentof Jackson School, Chicago^/and in theAmericanization Department of theBoard of Education.Jane Delaney Rissler and Arne Rissler,'22, are enjoying Houston, Texas. Arneis a commercial real estate broker.Cora B. Smith has retired from thefaculty of Northwest Missouri State College.Herman T. Reiling was featured onthe cover of Taxes in December; he isassistant chief counsel for the InternalRevenue Service, with supervision overthe divisions through which our wholeadministrative system of taxing authorityis developed.Roger Combs, Beverly Hills, 111.,writes about his children: Susanne wasmarried last October; Nancy is in Marshall Fields' personnel department; Carolis a junior at the University of Florida.Colonel Elmer A. Vorisek, MD '23, isan ^ophthalmologist at a V.A. hospital inDes Moines, la.J. Ernest Wilkins and Lucile RobinsonWilkins, '21, AM '39, write of their sons:two are lawyers, graduates of HarvardLaw School; the third received his PhDat the University at 19 and is in nuclearwork. Ernest is Assistant Secretary ofLabor for International Affairs, representing the government at conferences inGeneva.Frances Dorr Burtis, (Mrs. Royal, '22),writes of her three children: Cynthia isa graduate of De Pauw, Carol a graduate of the University of Iowa, Edwin isin the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration.W. Herbert Grant, Rochester, N. Y., isminister of Christian education at theLake Avenue Baptist Church.P. Hastings Keller is in the gas certificates bureau of the Federal PowerCommission, Washington, D. C.B. E. Gossett, Riverside, Calif., is a member of the Board of Trustees ofWestmont College.Benson L. Baskin wrote that hisdaughter Susan will become a brideMay 6 — the groom is Edward A. Fogenof Lake Forest, 111.Elizabeth Williford Nelson, (Mrs. J. H.),teaches at a girls' prep school in Memphis. Her older daughter was marriedin September; younger daughter graduates in June from Sophia Newcomb, NewOrleans.Grace M. Smith, AM '32, is retired, butkeeps busy tutoring in mathematics.Sophia Reed wrote that she was planning a trip to the Holy Land in March.Nina Baumgardner Darr, (Mrs. FrankB.), lives in Three Riveras, Calif., justtwo miles outside Sequoia National Park.She retired from primary teaching lastJune.Frank J. Hardesty is an engineer inLong Beach, Calif. His daughter Lindais married; son Frank is in the army.Ruth Plimpton Patterson (Mrs. L.Bridges), teaches business at City College, San Francisco, and frequently publishes hobby craft articles.Laurentza Schantz-Hansen will retire in June from the faculty of Purdue University.Pearl Marie Heffron is Professor ofSpeech at Loyola University, Chicago.M. E. Herriott is principal of a newjunior high school, near the InternationalAirport, Los Angeles.Ida Long Goodman, (Mrs. W. R.), AM'34, retired last July, closing a four yearterm as county superintendent of Stafford County, Kansas.James L. McCartney, MD '23, published Understanding Human Behaviorin February.Ruth C. Mosser is editor of Public Aidin Illinois, published by the Illinois Public Aid Commission.Le Roy Owen, JD '23, is President ofthe Society of Industrial Realtors.Hannah Logasa is in Washington, D. C.working on the fourth revision of herIndex to One-Act Plays.Clifton S. Hardy is living in Paris.22Robert Collins, Chappaqua, N. Y., isdirector of client relations for ThePulse, Inc.Frederick A. McGinnis is Chairman cfthe Teacher-Education Division, Wil-berforce University.23Ottie R. Kerley, Chicago, suffered astroke and has retired from teachingafter forty-three years in Von SteubenHigh School.Maurice S. Brody, MBA '43, has beenelected a director of the board of theDenver National Bank.E. L. Cotton, South Miami, Fla., wasrecently elected director of the South Miami Federal Savings and Loan Association.Louise Viehoff Molkup, AM '35, writesfrom Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where herhusband, Joseph Molkup, is with theAmerican Embassy, that she's back toschool teaching. From 8:30 to 5:00, inthe Haile Selassie Day School "I havebeen teaching geography of Ethiopia atthe third grade level to teacher trainees.Since the Italian purge of educated people the country is desperate for capableteachers. . . . It's been enlightening tome as the detailed geography of Ethiopiais just beginning to be written."Allegra Nesbit, AM '37, is assistant director of admissions, Illinois College.Bertram F. Granquist has been madesuperintendent of agency administrationby the Mutual Life Insurance Co. ofNew York.24Alfred E. Nord, Rochester, N. Y., ispresident of the group work section ofthe National Association of Social Workers.John S. Millis, SM '27, PhD '37, President of Western Reserve University,was named Northern Ohio chairman ofthe 1956 Brotherhood Week sponsoredby the National Council of Christiansand Jews.25John Day Larkin, Dean of LiberalStudies at Illinois Institute of Technology? was elected President of the National Academy of Arbitrators at itsannual meeting January 28.26J. Phil Redgwick, MD '30, is AssistantProfessor of Obstetrics and Gynecologyat the University of Nebraska, Omaha.Maude Smith is head of the Englishdepartment, Meridian Municipal JuniorCollege, Meridian, Miss.W. C. Krumbein, SM '30, PhD, '32, Professor of Geology, Northwestern University, is on the 1956-57 executive committee of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.Caroline Garbe Mitchell, (Mrs. Samuel), is on campus again as a ResearchAssociate in the parent education project.Lorraine G. Burke is a psychologist inthe bureau of child study, Chicago Boardof Education.Girard T. Bryant, Kansas City, Mo., recently returned from a year spent teaching English comprehension and expression at the College of Education in Thailand.Fred Tuerk, Vero Beach, Fla., is afarmer — cattle, vegetables, and citrus.R. Signe Sletten, AM '40, is teachingat Mankato State Teachers College, Mankato, Minn.Thomas P. Butcher, MD '34, Emporia,Kansas, is a surgeon; he has two children.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE4Terry BorisThe Staggs visit the YardleysAmos Alonzo Stagg attended the annual meeting of the N.C.A.A.Rules Committee in California. While there be was the guest of GeorgeH. Yardley, Jr., '23, and wife, Dorothy.The Yardleys entertained the Staggs at the Balboa Bay Club in Newport Beach, where Dorothy is in charge of public relations.Dorothy is amazed at the Grand Old Man's memory: ". . . he canremember when a certain man played — in which games — when he wonhis C, etc. . . ."Dorothy and George sent the picture because it's the latest of thefamous couple and they knew thousands of our readers would want tosee it.Alta Cundy Shoop, (Mrs. Arnold),Greenwich, Conn., has a grandchild, anda son at Yale. Her husband is a publisher of House and Garden.Lucile Prier Wetzell, (Mrs. L. E.), andfamily have moved from Michigan toOakmont, Pa.Herrlee G. Creel is Chairman of thedepartment of Oriental Language andLiterature at the University.Anastasia Theiss Springer, (Mrs. KeithJ.), teaches at Steinmetz High School,Chicago. She has two children, Michaeland Barbara. E. T. Hellebrandt, Athens, Ohio, isProfessor of Management and Economicsand Chairman of the Department ofManagement, at Ohio University. Hisdaughter was married February 11.Morton J. Barnard, JD '27, practiceslaw in Chicago. He is president of theWayland Academy alumni association.His wife, Eleanor Spivak Barnard is amember of the '33 class.Josephine Bedford Blackmer, (Mrs.Alan), writes that four of her childrenare married. Alan is Dean of the Faculty at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.,Josephine is teaching French.Walter Fainman's only comment is,"I'm still a bachelor."Florence Funk de Vries, (Mrs. FennoE.), flew to England and Holland lastfall with the Society of Mayflower Descendants. She is active in communityactivities in Evanston.Elmer A. Lampe is in Hanover, N.H.Harry Whang writes that his son, Arthur, will graduate from the College inJune.K. Gertrude Davis, AM '27, is Dean ofWomen and Director of Public Relationsat Hinds Junior College, Raymond, Miss.Lambert J. Flokstra, AM '32, PhD '44,is Chairman of the Education Department at Calvin College, Grand Rapids,Mich.Fred J. Byington, Jr., Glencoe, 111., isassistant secretary of the Chicago Tribune Co. and secretary of its subsidiariesin Canada.Mabel G. Masten, MD, is neuropsychia-trist for the VA. outpatient clinic inMiami, Fla.Dorothy Hardt Tucker, (Mrs. Harold),reports that Harold is a research consultant in the hat, fur, and hair dyefields. She is president of the Scarsdale,N.Y. Girl Scout council.Thelma Williams Shaw, (Mrs. Ralph),sent news of her daughter. Alice Maryis studying English at the University.Dorothy Cornell Ahearne, (Mrs. John),Detroit, Mich., teaches at NorthwesternHigh School.Mildred Hoerr Lysle, SM '27, is a manuscript editor for the Cleveland ClinicFoundation. She was recently made amember of the Society of TechnicalWriters.Daniel Catton Rich, Director of the ArtInstitute of Chicago, writes that he'llhave to miss reunion this June becausehe'll be in Europe.Allen Miller is director of informationservices, general manager of KWSC,Professor of Speech and Journalism, allat State College, Pullman, Washington.Carl S. Lloyd continues to practice lawin Chicago. He is completing his secondterm as president of the Village of Winnetka.Helen Smith Bevington, (Mrs. Merle).and husband are in England, both onsabbatical leaves. They have been atwork in the British Museum, and planto be travelling this spring.Ruberta M. Olds, Chairman of the Department of Modern Languages and Professor of Spanish at American University, Washington, D. C, was presentedwith the Faculty Recognition Award lastJune.Arthur W. Howard is director of education for Butte County, California.Florence Richardson Smock, Evansville, Ind., was a delegate to the YMCAcentennial in Paris last August.Russell Wise and Winifred WilliamsWise are in Tucson, Ariz.APRIL, 1956 27Publisher in BurmaMa Ma Khin (Mrs. U Tun Nyoe),SM '38, is publishing an Englishdaily evening paper in Burmanamed "The Union Gazette." Itis only one of her contributions toBurma since she returned therefrom studying nutrition and childdevelopment at the Univ:rsity.Before the war, she was a member of the House of Representatives, representing a constituencyin Middle Burma, and publisherof a children's newspaper, "TheStudent." Rehabilitation and rebuilding occupied her after thewar. She wrote books on nutritionfor the use of school children, andbuilt up her "Gazette."From Burma, Mrs. Nyoe writesthat she is interested in pursuingher studies on nutrition further asan overseas student. She feels thisstudy will be of great service tothe postwar children of NewBurma.Alice A. Donaldson, AM '41, recentlyretired from her position as assistantprincipal of Spalding High School, Chicago, and is in Bradenton, Fla. for thewinter.Martha McLendon, JD '27, is practicinglaw in Kansas City, Mo.Lola Stuart Eller, (Mrs. O. H.), retiresthis year after forty-six years in schoolwork, thirty as principal, in Indianapolis.Mary A. Hulbert is consultant in individual guidance in the Oakland, Calif.schools.Maude Yeoman, AM '31, is teaching atthe Cathedral School of St. Mary, GardenCityi N. Y.Stu Lytle, Pinehill, Oregon, is in thewater conditioning business. His oldestdaughter is at Sweet Briar College.27E. O. May, AM, is now in Newton, 111.Ray C. Petry, AM, PhD '32, Professorof Church History at the Divinity Schoolof Duke University, published ChristianEschatalogy and Social Thought in February. Dr. Petry traces the connection ofChristian eschatology and social thoughtfrom the early days of the church toA.D. 1500, in the development of Christian doctrine and life.Don Davenport Prosser is PlacementOfficer and Associate Professor of Psychology at Los Angeles State College,Calif.John Moore Brown, AM, is presidentof the board of directors of the Pittsburgh - Xenia Theological Seminary,Walton, N. Y.Dorothea K. Adolph teacljes at theMalvern School in Shaker Heights, Ohio. 28Arthur R. Gerhart, PhD, retired fromhis post as head of the Department ofNatural Sciences, Millersville StateTeachers College, Millersville, Pa., aftertwenty-seven years on the faculty.L. Knowles Cooke, Oak Park, is teaching in the secondary schools of Denmarkthis year on a Fulbright fellowship.Chairman of the south section of thewomen's division of the 1955 Heart FundDrive of Chicago is Carol Hess Saphir(Mrs. William), '28, SM '31.Dr. Jack Kinsey, MD '29, is a navalmedical officer.30"Tracy E. Strevey, PhD, Dean of theCollege of Letters, Arts and Sciences atthe University of Southern California,has been appointed by President Eisenhower as a member of the National Historical Publications Commission. He succeeded Arthur M. Schlesinger of HarvardUniversity.Harry D. Edgren, AM '35, has leftGeorge Williams College to be Professorof Recreation Leadership on the PurdueUniversity faculty.Alexander Oppenheim, PhD, and Beatrice Nesbit Oppenheim, '27, are in Singapore, where he is Acting Chancellor ofthe University of Malaya. Their daughter Judith is an honor student in geography at Sommerville, Oxford, England.31J. Lester Fraser writes that he andhis family are enjoying Atlanta, Ga. Heowns and runs a ladies' sportswear shop.Rose Appelbaum Schechtman worksfor Abbott Labs in Franklin Park, 111.Harry A. Millman is taking graduatework in the Department of Anthropology. His children, Connie and Don, areboth early entrants here.William S. Friedeman has been in realestate for twenty-five years. His twochildren, Carol and Billy, are 6 and 9years old.Mary E. Hyde, Peoria, retired last June.Rosalia Pollak Isaacs and AlexanderJ. Isaacs, '25, AM '26, have two children,Robert, 4, and Jane, 10. Rosalia is activein community activities in Hyde Park.Jane I. Jenner is teaching slow-learners in the Special Education Departmentof the Indianapolis public schools.Mary Maize Stinson, (Mrs. James E.).Pittsburgh, writes that her family touredEurope last summer. She has a "renegade son" at Harvard.Donald H. Dalton, Chevy Chase, Md.,is a grandfather, as of December 12.William F. Zacharias boasts that he isthe only class member with four grandchildren. He is Assistant Dean at Chicago-Kent College of Law.Norman Imrie is conservation editor and speaker for the Zanesville, OhioSignal and Times Recorder.Grace L. Foster, '37, is principal ofBeveridge Elementary School, Gary.Marvalene Day, Bowling Green, Ohio,continues as supervising teacher inteacher-training and as principal in anelementary school.Rebecca J. Jackson Luck received amaster's degree in education at the University of Arkansas mid-winter commencement.E. Louise Ellman Pandolfi is visitingcounselor at Thornton Township HighSchool, Harvey, 111. Dominic Pandolfi,AM '37, is a principal in the Chicagoschool system. Their oldest daughter,Sylvia, is a student at the University.33Bernard G. Sarnat, MD '37, is practicing plastic, reconstructive and maxillofacial surgery in Beverly Hills, Calif.Rhoda Gerard Sarnat received her AMin '39.34Joseph N. Kallick, PhB '34, has beenappointed director of sales and advertising for Sealy, Inc., Chicago, manufacturers of bedding equipment.__FANamed to ManagerEli P. Messenger, '33, has beennamed manager of Eli Lilly &Co.'s newly reorganized trainingdepartment.He will supervise both in-plantand out-of-plant training, and hisdepartment will be responsible forcompany manuals and the plantsuggestion system.Messenger has been with Lillyfor nineteen years, in variousphases cf personnel work. Thefirm is in Indianapolis.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE35Four recordings by Boyd Raeburn andhis band were released by Columbia inJanuary.Jane E. Matson is counselor and psychology teacher at Orange Coast College,Costa Mesa, Calif. She is enjoying thebeach living on Balboa Island.Katherine Maclntyre is director ofschool cafeterias, Hammond, Ind.Duane Christy, AM, executive vicepresident of the Children's Home inCincinnati, spoke at a recent luncheoncf the Cincinnati Women's City Club onvarious aspects of child adoption.John R. Womer, vice president of GreatLakes Mortgage Corporation, Chicago,was elected president of the ChicagoMortgage Bankers Association on January 17, 1956. John is also vice presidentof the College Division of the AlumniAssociation and an active member ofthis year's Student-Alumni Committee.36Homer E. Rosenberg, JD '38, HighlandPark, 111., is married and has three children.Mildred Eaton Scofield, (Mrs. Harold),Mason, Mich., is teaching public school.John Vander Velde, Oak Park, 111.,just returned from a Caribbean cruise. Jeanette Wilson teaches literature inthe seventh and eighth grades of Roosevelt School, Dolton, 111.Charles P. Polivka, Berwyn, is an Instructor at Wright Junior College, Chicago.Marjorie B. Molyneaux, AM '46, Chicago, is a science teacher at Harper HighSchool.Martha Jane Fields is secretary andoffice manager for the St. Joseph CountyAdult and Child Guidance Clinic, SouthBend, Ind.Randolph Bean is president and manager of the Charlottesville, (Va.), MusicCenter.Mary M. Buckles, AM, is a dietitian inAllen Memorial Hospital, Havana, Kansas.Shirley Nathan Flacks and WilliamFlacks '33, JD '35 are in Hollywood, Fla.,where he is practicing law.Martin Gardner, N.Y.C., is contributingeditor to Humpty Dumpti/s Magazine.He published Math, Magic, and Mystery,a book on recreational math, in March.Adolph Hecht, '37, Pullman, Wash., isChairman cf the Botany Department,State College of Washington, and Chairman of the Pacific section, Botanical Society of America.Muriel Davis Longini, (Mrs. RichardL.), is married to an advisory physicist in Westinghouse Research Laboratories.They have two children.Bernice Levin Neugarten, (Mrs. Fritz),AM '37, PhD '43, Chicago, is AssistantProfessor, Committee on Human Development, at the University.Felix D. Lion is minister of the PaloAlto, (Calif.), Unitarian Church.Capt. H. Todd Stradford, USN, MD'38, Corpus Christi, Texas, just returnedfrom a trip to Chicago for the meetingof the Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.Chester F. Grau, MBA '41, Indianapolis,"busily engaged in merchandising thequantities of telephone sets manufactured at the new Indianapolis Workslocation of the Western Electric Co."Martin F. Young, Lombard, 111., is inmechanical and structural engineering.Ruth Alice Fuhlrott is doing researchin color photographic films and processes, Technicolor Motion Picture Corp.,Hollywood, Calif.Alberta Schmidt Stebbins, (Mrs. Daniel M.), South Haven, Mich., is workingin agricultural research for the DowChemical Co.Kathryn Wendt Steenblock, (Mrs.Pete), Los Angeles, has three boys.Matt S. Walton, Jr., Hamden, Conn.,is Assistant Professor of Geology at Yale.He has three children.Arnold D. Stine, Chicago, is buildinghomes in Highland Park.Your invitation to theseSPECIAL EVENTSWednesday, April 4THE PLACE OF PSYCHIATRY IN MEDICAL EDUCATION AT CHICAGO — Dr. C. Knight Aldrich, Chairman of the Departmentof Psychiatry.Wednesday, May 2Chicago in 1980 — Philip M. Hauser, Professor of Sociologyand Director of the Chicago Community Inventory and thePopulation Research and Training Center.CAMPUS April 25-29festival OF the arts: five days of drama, literature, poetry,music and art, ending with the Beaux Arts Ball.REUNION May 31 — June 2LOOP LUNCHEONSGeorgian RoomCarson Pfrie Scott12:15 P.M.$2.00Locationto beannouncedMiss Betsey Shaw, Alumni Association5733 University Ave., Chicago 37 Ml 3-0800 X324II wish to order- ticket(s) @ $2 for the luncheon April 4 -+icket(s) @ $2 for the luncheon May 2I enclose my check in the amount of $ I am interested in the Festival of the ArtsName Address..Phone... ..To avoid disappointment, if you wish to attend any of these events — even those at which there is no charge — pleasereturn the reservation blank so that you may be notified of last minute changes.APRIL, 1956 29Dorothy Ulrich Troubetzkoy (Mrs.Serge), Richmond, Va., is art directorand feature writer for the RichmondTimes-Dispatch. As a poet she has received the Arthur Davison Ficke Memorial award for a sonnet sequence, thePrincess Anne prize for a lyric, AmericanAssociation cf University Women statewide awards for poetry and history, theKeats Memorial prize for a sonnet, andothers!Simon Marcson, AM '41, is AssociateProfessor of Sociology at Rutgers, alsoExecutive Secretary of the UniversitySeminar on Development of Pre-Indus-trial Areas at Columbia University.Lydia Fischer Brill, (Mrs. Morton),Chicago, writes that her main occupationis taking care of a small daughter, BetteSue.Morris S. Friedman, MD '38, SouthBend, Ind., is an orthopedic surgeon. Heis on the executive staff of MemorialHospital, Northern Indiana Children'sHospital, and St. Joseph Hospital.Leonard K. Olsen has left the University, where he was director of SpecialProjects for the University College andAssistant Professor of Humanities, to beAssistant to the Executive Dean at StateUniversity of New York, Albany, N. Y.Irwin J. Askow, Highland Park, 111., isa librarian and a member of the boardof managers of the Chicago Bar Association. He is also on the advisory boardof the American Civil Liberties Unionand is vice-chairman of the North ShoreCitizens Committee.William R. Keast, PhD '47, Ithaca, N.Y., is currently on a year's leave of absenceunder a Faculty Fellowship of the Fundfor the Advancement of Education. MaryHart Keast, who studied here from1935-38, is Administrative Assistant tothe Dean of the College of Engineering,Cornell. They have three children.Agnes Sosnovik Werch, (Mrs. Solomon), Chicago, is a social worker withthe Jewish Family and Community Service.Eulah Detweiler Tichy, (Mrs. Wood-row), is in Plymouth, Mich., whereWoodrow is chief production engineerfor Whitman and Barnes. They havethree children: John, 12, Susan, 10, andThomas, 5.Eleanor Hair Seely, (Mrs. Frecl L., Jr.),is in Asheville, N. C. Fred is in the realestate and insurance business.Jeannette M. Cochrane, Chicago, isexecutive secretary of the Illinois Societyof Certified Public Accountants.Myrtle Levinson Nieder, (Mrs. Samuel), Chicago, has four children: Joseph,15, Robert, 12, Marilyn, 8, and Julie, 3.Rita Ivy Epstein is an assistant state'sattorney.Katherine Bergsland, Red Wing, Minn.,has been a semi-invalid since 1950.Millie A. Becker is a primary teacherin Chicago.R. N. Ely, Santa Monica, Calif., is vicepresident of Investors Research Management Co. He is married and has twochildren.Herman Kogan is book and dramacritic for the Chicago Sun-Times. He iscompleting his fifth book, The Story ofthe Encyclopedia Britannica.Van Atkin Burd, Cortland, N. Y., isProfessor of English Literature, StateUniversity of New York.Catherine Lipe, AM '41, Du Quoin, 111.,writes, "I am teaching first grade. Nooil wells or mink coats, but never adull moment!"Joan Guiou Page, (Mrs. Joseph F., Jr.),Fairfield, Conn., writes that she and herfamily are enjoying their life on the eastern seashore.Florence Browdy Schwartz, (Mrs.H.B.), writes that her daughter, Corrine,has entered the University.Bernice Kern Simon, AM '42, and Marvin Simon, '33, JD '36, have a five yearold daughter. He is general credit manager for Ekco Products Co., she is Assistant Professor in the University'sSchool of Social Service Administration.Garrett J. Hardin is Associate Professor of Biology in Santa BarbaraCollege, a branch of the University ofCalifornia. He is "author of a collegetextbook in biology, co-author of fourchildren."Vivian Klemme Sawyer, MBA '37, andClifford Sawyer, MBA '43, are in NorthCaldwell, N. J. Clifford is director ofBabies' Hospital in Newark. They havetwo girls.Mildred Hickey McCulIough, (Mrs.H.E.), Los Angeles, operates a home forSenior Citizens. 37Dr. Carl C. Pfeiffer, MD, has beennamed acting director of the Divisionof Basic Health Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory, Ga.Robert U. Shallenberger has been madesuperintendent of agencies by the Mutual Life Insurance Co. of New York.40Mrs. America Holbrook is a child welfare representative for the KentuckyChildren's Bureau, Ashland, Ky.Charles A. Dilley, AM, was recentlyelected executive director of the CleviteFoundation, which distributes corporation funds for welfare and philanthropicpurposes. Charles has just returned homefrom a year in the Cleveland Clinic Hospital. He was seriously injured in awater-skiing accident but his recovery issuch that he will be able to work.New Vice PresidentThomas H. Hamilton, AM '40,PhD '47, formerly Dean of theBasic College of Michigan StateUniversity, was recently designatedVice President for Academic Affairs. He will be responsible forgiving leadership to the total on-campus university educational program. Dr. Hamilton has been engaged in college and universitywork since 1940. He taught andheld Deanships at Lawrence College and the University, and, immediately before going to Michigan State, was for five years VicePresident and Professor of PoliticalScience at Chatham College inPittsburgh. Virginia Jo PrindivilleHamilton is a '38 grad.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHart Perry, AM, and the Alumni Club0f Washington, D.C, of which he ispresident, entertained 100 high schoolstudents and their parents recently in theDupont Plaza Hotel.Robert Jones is continuing to run ahostel and inter-American Center inChilpancingo, Mexico.41William Macy is recovering from a badfall, but expects to return soon to hisduties as head of the psychiatric outpatient department at the University ofIowa Hospitals, Iowa City. He and JoanneKircher Macy, '40, have two boys, threegirls.Robert O. Evans is at the Universityof Kentucky.Evelyn Geiger Jones, Glen Ellyn, announces the birth of Todd, December 7.Evon Z. Vogt, AM '46, PhD '48, isAssociate Professor of Anthropology atHarvard. He divides his time betweenteaching and doing field research in theSouthwest and Mexico. He is now thefather of four.Marjorie Berg Long, (Mrs. Harold R.),writes that she is teaching piano, organ,voice and theory to pupils in Mt. Morris,111., and playing concert engagements.She still has time for her three children,aged 9, 7%, and 1.Robert L. Adelman, PhD '45, is doingresearch work for DuPont at their experimental station in Wilmington, Del. Dr. Norman G. Foster received hisPhD in physical chemistry from the University of Arkansas last June and is nowin Tulsa, Oklahoma with Cities ServiceResearch and Development Corp.Robert Baum, Tulsa, Okla., reportsthat his fourth child, Richard Arthur,was born December 6.Melvin T. Tracht, Ogden Dunes, Ind.,is assistant treasurer of Illinois Instituteof Technology. He has been nominatedto be president of the National Association of Educational Buyers.Gerald Scott Moro, LLB '42, La GrangePark, 111., is a member of the board ofgovernors, west suburban bar association.John E. Wilson, Hillsboro, N. C, isteaching in the medical and dentistrygraduate schools of the University cfNorth Carolina.James B. Watson, AM '45, PhD '48, isChairman of the Department of Anthropology, University of Washington. He recently returned from two years of fieldresearch in the central highlands of NewGuinea, under a Ford grant.Sara Richman Harris, (Mrs. Raymond),and her family are in Albany, N. Y.Robert W. Jamplis, MD '44, Palo Alto,Calif., is a general and thoracic surgeonat the Palo Alto Clinic, and Clinical Instructor in Surgery at Stanford University's School of Medicine.Jane Armstrong Ohle, (Mrs. Lester C),Denver, has a daughter, Susan, bornMarch 17, 1955. Ruth McMurry Berens, (Mrs. A.S.),AM '43, writes that her husband, Alfred,'43, is vice president in charge of engineering for Chicago Rawhide Co. Shekeeps busy with their three children,aged 5, 10, and 12.Frederick L. Swanson and HarrietAugustus Swanson, Chicago, sent newsof their children: Daniel arrived in June,1952, and Abigail came January 9, 1955.Arriving at the Philip R. Lawrence(JD '42) home on December 6, 1955:Christopher Alan. Dad is an attorney inSan Francisco and heads our local alumniclub among his numerous activities connected with the University of Chicago.James Brodsky, Jr. is with HawthorneWorks of the Western Electric Co. Hispresent assignment is in the field ofstatistical quality control.John W. Young is the chairman of theCommunities Division for the 1956 driveof the American Cancer Society. He willlead one of six major divisions seekingfunds in Illinois.Betty Evans Price, (Mrs. Thomas), andher husband are owners of a DairyQueen store in East Chicago. "We slavefor seven months, then really relax inSt. Petersburg for the rest of the year,"she writes. Megan is now two years old.John S. Atlee, New York, recently received his PhD in economics at Columbia University.KEEP UP WITH YOUR UNIVERSITYIf you have been away from our campus for some time, you've probably forgotten many things thatwere once dear to you. We would like to refresh your memory. We would like to return you to thescenes of the campus: the buildings, students, faculty, special events, accomplishments, scenes fromeveryday campus life. The school yearbook, Cap & Gown, is prepared to refresh your memory.Cap & Gown will bring to you a complete coverage of the University today; all this, without losingthe charm and warmth that endears our school to us.CAP & GOWNSubscription Cost :(including packaging and mailing)$5.00CAP & GOWN1212 E. 59th StreetChicago 37, Illinois Please send me . copies of the 1956 editionof Cap & Gown.Enclosed is $ for the above number ofcopies. ($5.00 per copy.)Name Address City Zone State Send check or money order to:CAP & GOWN, 1212 E. 59th StreetChicago 37, IllinoisAPRIL, 1956 31Marjorie S. Berger, Chicago, is assistant director of the American Society ofPlanning Officials.Herbert K. Livingston, PhD, and MaryBlanchard Livingston, '41, are in Wilmington, Del., where he is director of thenew organic chemicals department laboratory at the Du Pont experimentalstation.Paul E. Willard, Nitro, W. Va., is research director for the Ohio Apex Division of the Food Machinery andChemical Corp.Robert L. James, JD '47, really commutes to work — from San Francisco tothe Caribbean and South America. Heis legal superintendent of the CaliforniaExploration Co., which carries on foreignexploration for Standard Oil.Harold G. Josif, Washington, is currently India Desk Officer for the StateDepartment.Robert E. Brown, LLB '42, practiceslaw in Aurora, 111. He has three children, George, John and Robert.Mary Hammel Davis, (Mrs. Richard),is back on campus while Dick finishesstudies in the Graduate Library School.John E. Newland and his wife are expecting their second child in May. Johnis a specialist in allergy in Santa Ana,Calif.Rose Gordon Levine, (Mrs. J. H.), hasthree sons, aged 12, 10 and 7. Joseph B. Gittler, PhD, is Director ofthe Center for the Study of Group Relations, University of Rochester. TheCenter's purpose is to foster more harmonious relations among the variousgroups in the community and nationthrough research, education, and community service.William Friedman is in the Public Relations division of the National Tuberculosis Association in New York.Genevieve Verbarg Toothaker, (Mrs.James), spent the winter near Venice,Fla.Bliss Forbush, Baltimore, AM '47, hasjust published Elias Hicks: Quaker Liberal. *"Dr. C. R. Mowery, MD*'43, is teachingplastic and maxilla facial surgery at theUniversity of Texas Medical School.R. H. Sehnert and Gisela Kamm Sehnert, '45, have recently moved to a newhome in Encino, Calif. Robert is withAtomics International, a division ofNorth American Aviation, "an extension of my 1942 work beneath the standsof Stagg Field."Paul F. Lorenz, MBA, lives in Birmingham, Mich.Henrietta Mahon Brewer, (Mrs. Richard), writes that she has three children,Betsy, 12, Billy, 9, and Molly, 1. Richardis chief mining engineer for PickandsMather.????????????????????????????X MORE THAN 4.??? $22,000 for YOUAT AGE 65ONE OF THE MOST FAR-SIGHTED PLANS ever devised forthe wise use of savings is offered for your earnest consideration bythe SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA, a leadingworld organization in its field, with branches from coast to coastthroughout North America. By means of the plan, regular amountsof savings can be applied to provide, at age 65, a lump sum ofmore than $22,000 plus accumulated dividends . • •or AN INCOME OF$150 MonthlyFOR LIFE according to your choice.IF YOU DO NOT LIVE TO AGE 65, THEN ANAMOUNT OF AT LEAST $22,000 WILL BECOMEIMMEDIATELY PAYABLE TO YOUR FAMILYOR YOUR ESTATEBy the way, the plan can be easily tailored to the amount ofregular savings you can afford, with corresponding adjustmentsin the sums payable. ??^^ Details are yours without obligation by just mailing the coupon below. ^^_ SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA T? Box 5102, Southfield Stn., P.O. Box 2406, ?^ .» . __ __• 1 . or ¥? • o_: /"<_IJ_ _t? Detroit 35, Michigan vr San Francisco 26, Calif.I should like to know more about your SpecialIncome Plan, without incurring any obligation.NAME.ADDRESS.Date of Birth. Amounts quoted above are for men.~A similar plan is available for women. Jeanne Lazarus Shane, (Mrs. Robert),is working on an AM in education atthe University of Pittsburgh. Her oldest son is a sophomore at the University of Michigan.Mrs. Margaret Powell, Cincinnati,teaches art in the St. Bernard HighSchool. Her son, Larry, graduates thisJune with honors from the University ofIndiana.Arthur Connor, MD '43, and SelmaRenstrom Connor, '41, have five children. Arthur is an orthopedic surgeonin Chicago.Kristen joined the family of MarianCastleman Skedgell, Ralph, and theirsons John, 6, and Nicholas, 4 this pastFebruary. Marian won one of the Fundfor the Republic TV awards last summer.Natalie Stone Finder, AM '46^ andMorris, 'AM '49, are the parents of SusanAnn, one year old.Kenneth L. Lee is in Paris.John M. Howenstein has a new daughter, Martha Ellen, born December 31.42Morris A. Gordon, SM, Sullivan's Island, S.C., is Assistant Professor ofMycology at the Medical College ofSouth Carolina.John E. Karlin, PhD, New York, anassociate of Bell Telephone Laboratories,addressed the American Institute ofElectrical Engineering in January on"User Preference Research in Engineering," based on a background of researchand study which originated in the University of Capetown, South Africa.Carl Larsen, Chicago Sun-Times reporter, was honored by Illinois GovernorWilliam Stratton for his series of articleson atomic radiation. He was given theAward of Merit, highest honor given forservice to civil defense.Arthur R. Bethke, vice president cfDarling & Co., was recently elected adirector of the company.Adele Payne Hollem, (Mrs. HowardR.), AM '42, home service director of theCincinnati chapter of the Red Cross, hasbeen chosen chairman cf the Ohio Valleychapter of the National Association ofSocial Workers.43????????????*??????????????? Sidney S. Kallick, JD '49, Chicago, hasbeen named chairman of the nationalboard cf directors of the Young Democratic Clubs cf America.Elliot "Mitch" Schrero, AM '45, PhD'54, and his wife, Ruth, are the parentsof Elizabeth Dianne, born October 27.The Schreros live in New York City.Dr. William E. Reynolds, MD, is Headof the Public Health and PreventiveMedicine Department, University ofWashington Medical School, Seattle,Wash.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERobert S. Kincheloe, assistant to thehead of the department of employee communications of Swift & Co., Chicago, wasappointed head of industrial relations inthe Sioux City, Iowa division of Swift &Co., in February.Bob worked for Swift & Co. part timeuntil he graduated. In 1946 he joinedthe Chicago employment office, movedinto the Chicago Industrial RelationsOffice in 1948; into the Industrial Relations Department of the general office in1949 — developing and producing trainingprograms. He moved into employee communications in 1954.The Kincheloes have three children:Carol, 8; Barbara, 6; and Jane, born November 16. Bob was chairman of ourWilmette area group that staged a successful alumni meeting at the KenilworthClub last fall.44A daughter, Terry, was born February22 to John P. Madigan, JD '50.45An honorary LLD degree was conferred at the January commencementupon Norman Burns, PhD '45, Professorof Education at the University. In 1949-50 Norman directed a study of state-supported higher education in Arkansas.Since 1947 he has served as secretary ofthe Commission on Colleges and Universities of the North Central Association,in which position he has exerted a greatinfluence upon the development of educational standards.46John G. Kautsky, AM '47, is AssistantProfessor of Political Science at Washington University, St. Louis. The Kaut- skys have a daughter, and a new son,Peter.Tom Gallander, Corpus Christi, Texas,is district landman for D.D. Feldman Oiland Gas Co.Charlotte Block Diamant, (Mrs. Robert), is in the editorial department ofScott, Foresman and Co. Robert is anarchitect; they have a son, Steven.Richard S. Collins is on the faculty atJuilliard School of Music, N.Y.C., and is"half of the duo-piano team Collins andMcDaniel."Patricia Kindahl Boyar, (Mrs. Robert),MBA '49, Chicago, has a daughter, Joan,born April 18, 1955.Dr. Burton J. Grossman, MD '49, is anInstructor in Pediatrics in the School ofMedicine.Evangeline A. Swan is doing graduatework here in education, expecting to become an elementary school teacher.Grace Olsen Gilbert, (Mrs. Earle A.),brought us up to date: she is the motherof a son, Kenneth Alan, born December2, 1954.Edward Miller, Chicago, is a manufacturer's representative in the furniture industry.Raymond C. Sangster, '47, is workingfor Texas Instruments, Inc., Dallas. Hemarried Laura Farnum last September.Dr. Ernest Beutler is an Instructor inthe University's Department of Medicine.He and Brondelle Fleisher Beutler, '49,have two children.John T. Horton is in Spain.Elliott R. Gordon is manager of theLerner Shop in Flint, Mich.Janet Halliday Ervin, (Mrs. HowardG., Jr.), is doing free-lance writing;Howard is branch manager of theOwens-Corning Fiberglas Corp., Cincinnati. They have three sons: Howard, 8,Dennis, 4, and David, 20 months.C. G. Higgins, Jr., SM '47, Davis, Calif.,writes the following "News": More age,weight, family, responsibilities, greyhairs, problems, bills, taxes. Less time,talent, energy, good looks, luck, sense.Job — geology teacher; hobbies — geologyteacher; leisure activities — geology teacher; (no time for anything else!)"Charles Gasteyer is an astronomy instructor at Yale.Abe Krash, Washington, D. C, ispracticing law.Hans Freistadt, SM '48, is at the Newark College of Engineering, Newark, N.J.Claire Bartholomew is Assistant Professor of Psychiatric Nursing at theUCLA School of Nursing, Los Angeles.Lydia Gihring is director of the nursing service at the Swedish Hospital,Seattle.Annette Sherman McDermut, (Mrs.Wilson E.), MBA '53, Flossmoor, 111., hasthree children, Cathy, 8, Martin, 5, andNancy, 3. PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEAJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers oj Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, LA 2-8351BESTBOILERREPAIR&WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoWasson -PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — -or —Wasson DoesSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Producersof PrintedAdvertisingin ColorAround the ClockMilton H- Kreines '27101 East Ontario, Chicago 11WHitehall 4-5922-3-4APRIL, 1956Philip Rieff, AM '47, PhD '54, writesthat he is "teaching lots, writing some,playing steadily with son, 3^."Jean Ziibach, '47, has her degree fromBoston University Medical School, ismarried and has one child.Donald Rowley, SM '50, MD '50, is anInstructor in Pathology at the University. Janet Davison Rowley is a researchfellow at the Levinson Foundation forMentally Retarded Children.John V. Denko, MD '47, Amarillo,Texas, is pathologist and director of laboratories at the Northwest Texas Hospital, consultant in pathology at the localV.A. hospital and the Amarillo Air ForceBase. A new daughter joined the familyJanuary 18.Jacqueline Swanson Rice, (Mrs. ByronL.), AM '47, Chicago, has two sons,Geoffrey, 5, and Christopher, 2.Georgiana Rogers Hlavacek, (Mrs.R. J.), Clarendon Hills, 111., writes thata new son, Douglas, arrived October 9.William Cates is abroad.Edith Rodems Weiner, (Mrs. Richard),Highland Park, 111., has a son, James,born July 29.Ann Bicknell married Hideo MoriSept. 17.Joyce Goodfellow White, MD '53, is aresearch assistant for Dr. Harold Schuknecht, MD '40, at Henry Ford Hospital.Her husband, Tom White, '43, AM '52, isproviding educational service for Chrysler. They live in Grosse Point Woods,Mich.Judith Held Isbell, (Mrs. Earl W.), DB'47, has five children: Scott, Rand, Dann,Jeanne, and Lynne. Earl has been aminister in the Los Angeles area for fiveyears.Rolland Metzger is a graduate researchassistant in psychology at NorthwesternUniversity.Nicholas Gordon is with the NBC Stations Division, New York. He and GladysSalk Gordon, '47, have three children.Gilda Vaslow Nimer and BenjaminNimer, '42, PhD '53, have a daughter,Wendy, born in February, 1955. Benjamin is Assistant Professor of PoliticalScience at Northwestern.Sidney I. Lezak, JD '49, is a memberof the Portland, Oregon law firm of Bailey, Lezak and Swink, specializing inlabor relations. His wife is MurielDeutsch, '47, AM '49. They have twochildren and are building a house "inthe hills overlooking the Coast Range."Muriel teaches psychology part-time andis working on her Ph.D. In 1952 theLezaks spent five months in Europe.John P. Wallace is manager of WallaceHatchery, Inc., St. Petersburg, Fla. Histhree sons are l1/^, 3, and 4x/2 years old.Mary Lina Strauff Conner, (Mrs. DavidS.), and her family are back in Philadelphia, where her husband is continuing his work for Business Week.Joan Lundberg Rowland, (Mrs. F. S.),will move to Lawrence, Kansas in Junewhere her husband Sherry, AM '51, PhD'52, will be Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Jeffrey joined the family lastJune.Home in IndianaRobert T. Crauder, '44, is home inNew Castle, Ind., after two years inLebanon as budget analyst for the UnitedNations Relief and Works Agency, working with the 900,000 Arab refugees fromPalestine. Before coming to UNRWA hewas employed by Point Four in Rangoon, Burma; prior to that assignmenthe served in China with the AmericanFriends Service Committee.Wallace D. Riley is practicing law inDetroit.Robert H. Coleman is supervisor ofprocess development for U. S. IndustrialChemicals Co., Ashtabula, Ohio. He andhis wife have two daughters, Jacquelineand Peggie.Howard S. Becker, AM '49, PhD '51, isa Research Associate here in the Sociology Department. At present he iscarrying on a two-year study of thesocialization of medical students at theUniversity of Kansas Medical Center.Esther Muskin, JD '50, married JulianEdelman in 1955.Everette S. Walker, Jackson, Tenn.,is Dean-Registrar of Lambuth College.Rabbi Albert H. Friedlander contributed an essay to "German Jews in theU.S." last December. He will move toWilkes-Barre, Pa. in July to a newcongregation.Frank L. Allen, SB '46, PhD '53, is anindustrial consultant for Arthur D. Little,Inc., Cambridge.Thomas A. Fineberg, Chicago, teachesmath at Phillips High School. He is married and has two daughters.Ellen Bransky Solovy, '47, and JosephSolovy, '45, are in Mobile, Ala., with theirthree daughters while Joseph does activeduty as a physician in the Air Force.He will be discharged this August and expects to enter private practice in internal medicine.Robert E. Slayton, MD, '48, is stationedat the U.S. Naval Hospital, Philadelphia.John E. Gill, MD '49, is there too.Fay Trolander Brill, (Mrs. Walter H,Jr.), and her husband are in Oswego,111., where he is practicing medicine.They have a son, 12, and daughter, 9.Joan Beckman Chism, (Mrs. Ross), AM'49, Glenview, 111., has two children,Betsey, 4%, and John, 2.Sarah Goodell Ewing, Louisville, Ky.,has two children, Lee and Susan. She isworking on an MRE degree at SouthernBaptist Theological Seminary.Patricia Monser Graves, (Mrs. Ralph),is a research writer when she's not busybeing a housewife. She has a newdaughter, Katherine, born last December.Jayne Cowen Seliger, AM '48, andLouis Seliger, AM '48, are in Borger,Texas, where Louis operates a steelwarehouse and is Republican CountyChairman. Hilda Gwen joined the familylast May.Ann M. Budy, PhD '54, Research Associate in Physiology at the University, willpresent a scientific paper at the International Physiological Congress in Brussels this summer.Robert H. Kirven, St. Louis, is doingfreelance television work.Richard L. Bechtolt, AM '50, is enjoying civilian life, work (with the treasurer's department of Standard Oil), andfamily (Ric and Sue who are two) inArdsley, N. Y.William D. Conwell, New York, wroteus of the birth of a daughter, Susan.J. William Hayton, JD '50, is practicinglaw in Chicago.48Ralph D. Spencer, Jr., MBA, formerlywage and salary administrator for Mag-navox Co., Fort Wayne, has returned toChicago to become a member of Guffen-hagen & Associates, management consultants.Margery A. Howard married Lt. JohnB. Orem, Jr., USN, November 25. Theyare living in Boston.Seymour Z. Mann, PhD '51, returnedwith his family this year after a Fulbright appointment in Germany.James H. Evans, JD, is secretary-treasurer of the Reuben H. Donnelley Corp.,Chicago.49Edward H. Marhoefer, Jr., MBA, hasmoved his contracting company to a newlocation in Franklin Park, 111.Harry G. Gourevitch graduated fromColumbia Law School last year and isassociated with a law firm in New YorkCity.Samuel S. Crandell, AM, has been appointed office manager for the Chicagoplant of Joseph T. Ryerson & Son, Inc.Eugene P. Kennedy, PhD, is one ofthree scientists named to receive the 1956Glycerin Research Awards. BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST STRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jaclcson Blvd. MOnroe 6-319?GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERUNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit Insurance CorporationMUseum 4-1200T. A. REHNQU1ST CO Sidewalks¥ Factory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete Breaking' ¦' NOrmal 7-0433APRIL, 1956 35atomicpowerDEVELOPMENTatomic poi*is holds theIt greatestpromise ofcareersuccess.Take this opportunity to pioneerwith the leaders. Participate withWESTINGHOUSE in the research anddevelopment of nuclear reactors forcommercial power plants, and for thepropulsion of naval vessels.ELECTRICAL ENGINEERSCHEMICAL ENGINEERSMECHANICAL ENGINEERSPHYSICISTSMATHEMATICIANSMETALLURGISTSNUCLEAR ENGINEERSNew! Westinghouse >Fellowship Program j... in conjunction with the jUniversity of Pittsburgh. This Inew Westinghouse program en- Iables qualified candidates to Iattain their M.S. and Ph.D. de- Igrees WHILE ON FULL PAY,Salaries OpenAmple housing available inmodern suburban community15 minutes from our new plant.Ideal working conditions. Excellent pension plan. Education program. Health & Life Insurance.Send for your copy of"TOMORROW'S OPPORTUNITY TODAY"State whether you are an engineer,mathematician, Physicist or Metallurgist.Send complete resume toMR. A. M. JOHNSTON,Dept. A.M.J.MOd oiuio*Westinghouse Bettis PlantP.O. Box 1468Pittsburgh 30, Penna.TVestindiouse_7<c*_/ 7ft O fttamCc Pacuc% Theodore M. Asner, JD, of Park Forest, 111., received the Elijah Watt Sellssilver medal from the American Institute of Accountants, for placing secondhighest among those who took all fourparts of the uniform certified publicaccountant exam last May. Approximately 9,000 candidates throughout theU.S. took the exam. He is a tax accountant in the Chicago office of Alexander Grant & Co.Marvin Reiner, MBA, operates Reiner'sSporting Goods in Aberdeen, Washington. He and Mrs. Reiner have twodaughters, Cathy, two, and Cynthia Jo,six months.Meyer Pollack, PhB, is o.n the staff ofthe Jewish Family Service Bureau ofSyracuse, New York.Morris Philipson, AB, AM '52, has beenappointed Instructor in Philosophy andCultural History in the academic divisionof the Julliard School of Music in NewYork.Leo J. Paulissen, SM, has joined thedepartment of Botany and Bacteriologyat the University of Arkansas as a research specialist.S. Wallace Gilbert, MBA, and his wifeJean McDonnell, '45, are now in LaGrange, where he is a member of theconsumer research staff of the Ford Motor Company. Their second daughter,Joan, was born last June. Capt. Louis E. Miller Jr., JD, is stationed at Camp Perry, Ohio.50L. Howard Bennett, JD, recently became president of the Minneapolisbranch of the NAACP.Allen Choke, JD '53, has been appointed executive assistant to the chairmanof the board of Helene Curtis Industries, Inc., Chicago.Elizabeth M. Gruse is doing free lancework in graphic design in New YorkCity. She designed the Ford Foundation'sannual report last year.Elizabeth Zaruba Starr, (Mrs. StanleyH.), Katonah, N. Y., has a second daughter, Deborah Allyson.Ruth M. Kirtner is in San Francisco.Lt. David V. Kahn, AB, JD '52, is appearing on a career guidance programin aviation each Saturday afternoonover the University of Illinois non- commercial radio station WILL.George Kimball Plochmann, PhD, andhis wife, Carol, are the parents of adaughter, Sarah Kimball, born October2, in Carbondale, 111.Harold P. Ford, PhD, began new dutiesthis fall as Associate Professor of Political Science, Davidson college, Davidson,North Carolina.36 WASHINGTON, D. C, by Roger Angell. A tourist's delight buta puzzle to its residents. Here is a sensitive 10-page report on ouryoung, self-conscious capital, plus a two-page map in color showing points of interest.* ? *THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH by J. Bryan, III. What's it like to be the Queen'shusband? Is he just a figurehead — or a ruler in his own right? Don't miss thisrevealing portrait of Britain's Prince Consort!NEBRASKA by Mari Sandoz — the state's history thrillingly told by its greatestliving writer. It reads like the tallest of tall tales — but every word is true!SICILY by Sean O'Faolain. A close look at the hot-blooded Mediterranean islewhose passions and jealousies are legendary!CONFESSIONS OF AN OLD PARIS HAND by Paul Deutschman. Some visitors loveculture — others, the night life. A Parisian host tells how he entertains both!SCHOOL FOR JUNIOR GENTLEMEN by George McMillan. South Carolina's exclusive Aiken Prep majors in a unique subject: How to be a gentleman.PLUS — Breath-taking Burgenstock, photos by Slim Aarons; Africa's Pygmies byF. Wallace Taber; The Opulent Private Railway Car, photos by Maynard Parker... in all 14 exciting features and 75 brilliant photographs!ON YOUR NEWSSTAND APRIL 171A CURTIS MAGAZINETHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhJrWJmThe Reverend Cromwell C.Cleveland, '48, has been cited bythe Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge, Pa., for the third consecutive year for his contributionsto a better understanding of theAmerican way of life. He won asecond-place award for his sermon, "Freedom For All."The award consists of a GeorgeWashington Medal and a check for$50.W. C. (Tom) Sawyer, vice-president of the Freedoms Foundation,made the presentation on a television program. He is shown withMr. Cleveland, (center), Gene RuthRickey Cleveland, '42, and Cromwell, Jr.Gregory Votaw, AM, returned fromservice with the civilian selective servicein Korea last September. He has joinedthe firm of Alderson & Sessions in Philadelphia. It is a consulting organizationwith research facilities offering management counsel with a marketing perspective.Daniel Bergman, AM, became directorof research and psychological servicesof the Hawaiian Economic Service, inHonolulu, this summer.Albert G. Benedix, AM, has beenelected president of the Industrial Editors Association of Chicago. He is theeditor of Microphone, employe publication of the Hawthorne Works of WesternElectric Co. Al, who lives in WesternSprings, 111., was the first president ofthe Roosevelt University Alumni Association, where he received an AB before coming here.John G. McCarthy, MBA '50, marriedGeraldine Flaherty September 22 inNorth Billerica, Mass.Oscar Turk, AM, is Associate Director of the Health Division of the Healthand Welfare Council, Philadelphia.Jean Autret, PhD, and his wife arein San Antonio, where he is Professorof Romance Languages at Trinity University.APRIL, 1956 Burdette W. Lundy, AM, PhD '55, andhis wife Lorraine E. Strobel, '47, live inOmaha where Burdette is a psychologistwith the veterans hospital.Rabbi Kenneth Rivkin, AM '53, isworking with a new congregation in theLittle Neck-Douglaston area, Long Island. Formed three years ago, thereform synagogue now numbers over140 families. Rivkin and his wife live inKew Gardens Hills, and have a yearold daughter, Miriam.51Emanuel Savas, New York, '53, marriedHelen Andrew on Christmas Day. He isworking toward his AM in chemistryunder a fellowship at Columbia.Susan Sontag Rieff, (Mrs. Philip), is ateaching fellow in philosophy at Harvard, and is working on her PhD.Merl L. Farmer, AM, has been appointed Instructor in Accounting at theNorthern Center of the University ofKentucky.Edmund A. Bashkin, Woodside, N. Y.,is studying medicine at N.Y.U.Lt. jg C. Marston Case expects to return to Japan this year as a seaplanepilot in the Pacific fleet.Henry D. Blumberg is stationed atWolters AFB, Texas.Jay H. Kisloff married Phyllis JaneBlause last June 5. He is now in his firstyear at Penn Law School.Michel P. Richard received his AM inMarch, 1955, and is now in the army.Barbara L. Klassy has completed seventeen years with the U. S. Bureau ofIndian Affairs, and is now doing countyhealth work and looking forward to atrip through the Panama Canal in July.David McClurg is waiting for his firstassignment in Foreign Service. Hegraduated last year from the GeorgetownUniversity School of Foreign Service.Gerald M. Glasser, Forest Hills, N.Y.,married Nedra Zall last June. He isexecutive assistant for the Fiscal Information Service in New York.Harold R. Lewis, Jr., '53, Urbana, isstudying for his PhD in physics at theUniversity of Illinois.M. I. Kirsch, Jr., Denver, is a geologist for the Continental Oil Co.Robert D. Kestnbaum is attending theNavy Supply Corps School in Athens,Ga. He will be assigned to a ship inJune.Renato Beghe, JD '54, and Bina HouseBeghe, '54, are the parents of a girl,Eliza Ashley.Stanley Gilson, Jr. is a trade magazinewriter-photographer, and is associateeditor of Kitchen Business Magazine.Frank Rosengren is writing playsunder the pen-name "Frank Duane". Hewas a staff member of the New Dramatist's Committee last season and is nowan RCA Fellow at Yale.Robert A. Levine, AM '53, and his wifeare in Africa, where he is studying undera Ford Foundation grant. 5487 LAKE PARK AVE.CHICAGO, ILLINOISijor J\.eservatloni Call:BUtterfield 8-4960T)keLxclujive Cleaner*We operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-060837Since 7885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4 IIIHYLAND A. NOLANCONTRACTORPLASTERINGREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. LAKE PARK AVE.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579PARKER-HOLSMANReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525 Floyd H. Gilles, '54, MD '55 is an intern at Johns Hopkins Hospital. CynthiaWickens Gilles ('51, '54, SM '55) worksin a research lab in the hospital's Biological Division. Catherine Ann arrivedOctober 10.Thomas H. Latimer is assistant to theassistant corporate secretary and budgetanalyst at Alden's mail order house. Hehas also opened an insurance and incometax service on the west side of Chicago,but still finds time to be a governingmember of the Hyde Park YMCA.C. Robert Yellin, JD '54, Aurora,opened a law firm in the Loop last year.Joseph Yavit, SB '52, expects to receive his SM in '56, and is now a PhDcandidate in physiology at "the University.Robert H. Davenport plans to marryDiane Freeman in August. He is working on a PhD ih' psychology at UCLA.Burton W. Kanter, JD '52, Arlington,Va., is attorney-adviser to Judge MortonP. Fisher of the U.S. Tax Court.Robert F. Hornbeck is a researchengineer with the Martin Co., Baltimore.Ray M. Johnson, Jr. and Joy DuvallJohnson, Chicago, expect their first childin August.Roger E. Gerkin, SM '54, is studyingfor an advanced degree in chemistry atthe University of California.John C. Meyer, MBA '54, plans to spend the coming three years in Germany. He is now auditor for the comptroller's office of Northern Area Command, Frankfurt; in June he will jointhe Army Audit Agency.Ellen D. Jacobs, Chicago, is finishingwork on her SM in art at the IllinoisInstitute of Technology's Institute of Design. She finds time, however, to meetthe demands of two jobs — assistant artdirector at Channel 11 and assistant coordinator of educational TV at I.I.T.Lawrence B. Buttenwieser, AM '55,member of the '56 class at Yale LawSchool, is engaged to Ann Lubin.Mrs. Ann Lucille Laird has been assistant director of the University of Illinois Hospitals for the past five years.Lt. jg Morton Schagrin, AM '53, regretsthat he won't make the reunion becausethe navy will probably have sent himto Japan by June.John A. Walter and Joan Byrnes Walter, '52, West Covina, Calif., expect theirfirst child in June. He is with OccidentalLife Insurance.Judith Levin Kovacs and husbandStanton Kovacs, '46, write a bit of newsthat's "no longer news to us!"— they havetwo children, David, SV2 and Debbie, 16months.Clifford B. Reifler is a member of theclass of '57 at Yale University MedicalSchocl.GENERAL MOTORS INVITES.......,,,¦ ALL GRADUATE ENGINEERSVmiwml Qok Oppcnimiim Ifor ambitious, creative men.AVIONICSINERTIAL SYSTEMS ETCG.M. ELECTRONICS DIVISIONoffers challenging, pioneering opportunities to ambitious men. We extend a cordial invitation to everydeserving Engineer and Designer towrite us their wants. We may beable to supply the square hole forthe square peg! CREATIVE OPPORTUNITIESin the following fields: Missile Guidance Systems; Jet and Turbo PropEngine Controls; Bombing andNavigational Computer Systems;Airborne Fire Control; U.H.F. Communications, YOUR FUTUREdepends on your making theright connection with the rightfirm as quickly as possible. Whynot send full facts about youreducation, work background,etc. We will do all we can foryou and treat your applicationwith the fullest confidence.© AC SPARK PLUG • THE ELECTRONICS DIVISIONGENERAL MOTORS CORPORATIONMilwaukee 2, Wis. Flint 2, Mich.38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENancy Winters is studying math at theSorbonne in Paris.Charles Bouc is Assistant Instructorin General Engineering at the Universityof Illinois, Navy Pier, Chicago, and isworking toward an engineering degree.Frances Deason is teaching elementaryschool while working on an AM at theUniversity.52John V. Lassoe, Jr., AM, has a newjob with the Lower East Side Neighborhood Association in New York City.Richard M. Janopaul graduated fromStanford Law School last June and wasadmitted to the California State Bar inDecember. He has been commissioned asecond lieutenant in the Marine Corpsand will serve as a legal officer at CampPendleton, California, when he finisheshis work at the Naval Justice School,Newport, R.I.53Rev. Martin Abraham is now pastor ofWilson Memorial Presbyterian Church,St. Bernard, Ohio.David A. Rodgers, PhD, is AssistantProfessor of Psychology, University of California in Berkeley. His wife, Norma Eaton, AM '52, is a member of thestaff at the University Counseling Center.Robert P. Anderson, PhD, is Directorof the Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor Training Program, Texas TechnicalCollege.Remi C. Fattyn, MBA, is personneldirector for Chicago Aerial Industries,Inc., Melrose Park.Lucy Jen Huang, PhD, is teaching sociology at Lake Erie College.Speaker at the luncheon of the Women's Court and Civic conference December 14 in Milwaukee was St. Clair Drake,PhD, Professor of Sociology at RooseveltUniversity in Chicago. He is senior author of Black Metropolis, a study of theNegro community in Chicago, and recently returned from Africa, where hestudied mass communications under aFord Foundation grant.Marguerite Lohrer, AM, is a medicalsocial worker for the Muscular DystrophyAssociation in the Chicago area. Pvt. Albert D. Keisker, AM, is at theArmy Transportation School, Fort Eustis,Va.Spencer A. Murphy, MBA, is secondvice president in the banking department,Northern Trust Company, Chicago.55Ronola R. Hartfield (Mrs. Robert B.),is assistant in the president's office atScience Research Associates in Chicago.Daniel W. C. Smith, of Newport News,Va., and Shirley Ann Ricketts, of Chicago, were married August 27 in thechapel of the Disciples Divinity House.The groom's brother, Dr. Timothy Smith,of Harvard, officiated at the ceremony.The bride's father, Br. Henry T. Ricketts,SB '24, is a Professor of Medicine at theUniversity.Peter O. Clauss, a first-year student atYale Law School, participated in Yale'sannual moot court competition lastMarch. The moot court trials permitstudents to argue actual cases takenfrom court records.Joan Alder-nan married Harry L.Stylos last October."Talk about success. ._he even has his ownbox to sleep in!"Rabbits, rope,refrigerators . . . ^D^___»«*** ^*%";H&D corrugated boxeswill accommodate anything!HINDE&DAUCHSubsidiary of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company13 FACTORIES AND 42 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHAPRIL, 1956 39CHICAGO ADDRESSING & PRINTING CO.Complete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING-LETTERPRESS & OFFSETLetters • Copy Preparation • ImprintingTypewriting • Addressing • MailingQUALITY — ACCURACY — SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Exacta-Bolex-Rollei-Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"Phones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing^ Addressograph ServiceHighest Quality Service AddressingMailingMinimum PricesAll Phones: 210 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisWebb-Linn Printing Co.Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of the Universityof Chicago Magazine?A. L Weber, J.D. '09 L. S. Berlin, B.A. '09A. J. Falick, M.B.A. 51MOnroe 6-2900 MemoriafMerle B. Waltz, '95, died February 10in Glencoe, 111. He had practiced lawuntil his retirement in 1952, and waspresident of the Village of Glencoe from1923-27.Rev. Frank G. Cressey, BD '98, PhD'03, died in Cleveland January 20.Alma Yondorf Hirschberg, (Mrs. Sylvan), '01, Highland Park, 111., died February 2. _.Edith Clendenen Jones* (Mrs. ErnestE.), '03, died October 30 in Los Angeles.Benjamin B. Freud, SB '04, PhD '27,died December 12 in Chicago. His widow,Henrietta Zollman Freud is a memberof the '22 class, (SM '22, PhD '24, AM'42).Mary Louise Givens, '07, died January30 in Fayette, Missouri. Dr. Givens hadtaught languages at Ward-Belmont andBelmont College, Nashville, Tenn., forten years until her retirement in 1953.She then went to McKendree College,Lebanon, 111., where she was Professorof Foreign Languages.Harold F. Hecker, JD '09, lawyer-member of the Eighth Circuit JudicialCommission of St. Louis, trustee of McKendree College, and committee memberfor the University's Campaign, died February 4 in St. Louis, at 69.Charles F. Watson, '09, SM '28, a let-terman on Alonzo Stagg's football teamhere in 1904-06, died in Stevens Point,Wisconsin December 14. He was directorof the intermediate, upper grades, andjunior high school division of Wisconsin State College and Professor of Geography until his retirement in 1946. Hewas active in the Wisconsin EducationAssociation, and after his retirementpublished and revised several articles.Mabel West Barstow, (Mrs. Glidden J.),'12, died in Denver January 11 after along illness. She taught high school fortwelve years after graduation, then married and moved to the Florida Evergladesto be housewife and news reporter forthirty years.Former All-American football playerPaul "Shorty" Des Jardien, '15, died inhis Monrovia, California, home March 8.While at Chicago he earned twelve lettersin four major sports, and was chosenAll-American at center in 1913 and 1914.He had been retired from his manufacturing executive position in Monrovia.Last year he was named to the NationalFootball Hall of Fame.Dr. Thomas Dyer Allen, MD '15, died inEvanston February 14, at 67. He was anophthalmologist, member of the staffs ofPresbyterian Hospital, University of Illi nois School of Medicine, and EvanstonHospital (Courtesy). His widow is amember of the class of '12.Sarah Belle Sphar Masterson, (Mrs.Henry D.), '18, died January 22 inRochester, N. Y. She had been a kindergarten supervisor for many years, taughtat the Tennessee Summer School inEducation, and was a member of thefaculty of the former Rochester Schoolof Religious Education. She was chairman of the Rochester alumni group inthe Annual Gift drives, and had maintained an unbroken gift record herselffrom the beginning of the Annual Giftplan.Colonel Julian Piper Anderson, '21,died suddenly January 21 in Oakland,Calif. During World War I he madethirty Atlantic crossings with the navyand in World War II he served as alieutenant colonel in the Air Force. Active in veterans' affairs, he was also adirector of the Oakland area of churches.Robert J. Eldridge, SM '22, died inDecember. He had held the rank ofAssociate Professor of Chemistry atWestern Michigan College since 1944.Mrs. Esther Linn Hulbert, '23, diedJuly 6.Mary A. Bell, '23, died November 12in Vancouver, B.C.Monroe B. Felsenthal, '24, died December 31 in Columbus, Ohio.Mrs. Davida Boyd Lewis, '26, died January 24 in Ottumwa, Iowa. She wasassistant to the dean of the FederatedTheological Faculty of the University,and had been honored in 1955 by Chicago Theological Seminary for her service to the Seminary and its students.William J. B. Truitt, AM '28, diedFebruary 4, at 60. He was director ofresearch for the Norfolk, Va. publicschools. He had written articles on manyphases of education, and had held professorships at four universities, and theCollege of William and Mary.Edwin Cieslak, '34, PhD '44, AssociateProfessor of Biology in the Universityof Minnesota General College, died January 11 at 42. Active in many Polish-American organizations, he formed thefirst high school Polish club in Chicago,served as adviser to foreign students,and was past president of InternationalHouse Associations in Chicago and theTwin Cities.Gladys A. Baker, '37, died September26 in Hackensack, N. J.Eli B. Socoloff, '42, died January 12in Chicago.Max M. Derry, JD '49, died December12 in Wilmette. He was a member of theChicago Bar Association and had been anattorney with Union Carbide & CarbonCorp. for two years.40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA G-E Progress Report on . . .THE CORPORATE ALUMNUSPROGRAM'S FIRST YEARThe Corporate Alumnus Program was begunas an experiment, to supplement— not to supplant—General Electric's overall program of assistance to students and to schools and colleges.Principal objective was the further encouragement and support of the colleges and universitiesfrom which General Electric employees receivedtheir higher education. The Plan, briefly, was theEducational and Charitable Fund's decision tomatch gifts up to $1,000 of individual G-E employees to the accredited colleges and universitiesfrom which they held degrees.WEIGHING THE RESULTSFollowing are the four original objectives, and,after each, a statement of attainment, the realization of which contributed to the decision tocontinue the Plan, with liberalized provisions, in1956:Objective— To provide incentive for substantial and regular contributions by the employeeswho directly benefit by the education.Attainment— Eligible employees, under thePlan, increased their average gifts from slightlyunder $20 to $39.18.Objective— To recognize the joint benefits ofeducation to employer and employee by matchingcontributions up to $1,000 during the year.Attainment— Approximately 5,100 employeesmade gifts to 359 colleges in amounts totaling $200,000. The essentially unrestricted amount,matched by the Fund, is equivalent to the averageearnings on about $4,000,000 in endowment.Objective— To stimulate colleges to more active solicitation of alumni support.Attainment— College administrators reportspecial alumni-fund activities, stimulated by theProgram and the publicity it produced, have resulted in substantial increases in alumni giving.Objective— To provide a pattern of corporatesupport which might be followed by other companies.Attainment— At least 12 gift-matching programs have been established by other companies,all incorporating some elements of the CorporateAlumnus Program.QUID PRO QUOThe Corporate Alumnus Program has its basisin the concept of something received for something given. Still in an evolutionary stage, itrecognizes the rapid growth of corporate requirements for college-trained people and the simultaneous enlargements of the colleges' needs forfunds— operating funds as well as capital. It issimply giving substance to a belief that our common progress can accelerate to meet a growingneed if the beneficiaries— whether individual orcompany, or both— recognize a debt and do something about it in proportion to value received.If you or your company are interestedin a more complete report of the firstyear's results of the Corporate Alumnus Program, write for a copy toEducational Relations, General Electric Company, Schenectady, N. Y. 7h>gress /s Out Most Important ProductGENERAL H* ELECTRICWhy I earnestlyrecommend a career inlife insurance(Some questions answered bya New England Life Agent)BILL GRISWOLD. college graduate in '18, wasNew England Life's 1954 Rookie of the Year, and had an evenbigger year in '55. Read why he calls his work, "as satisfyinga livelihood and vocation as could ever be desired. "What do yon like best about the life insurancebusiness?"The fact that I'm a professional man, I'm my own boss,and there's no limit on my income. I'd had good jobs, fromthe laundry business to managing a theater, but none ofthem offered me half the opportunities I've found in lifeinsurance."How did you learn to sell life insurance?"New England Life gives a new agent comprehensivetraining in his general agency and at the home office. Inaddition, he gets skillful field supervision. And he is urgedA BETTER LIFE FOR YOU to continue his insurance education "through advancedcourses and special seminars."How about earnings?"New England Life gives each new agent a generoustraining allowance. With some good breaks, I earned a fivefigure income in my first year. I'm now in my third year.My income has steadily increased, and I take a lot of satisfaction in serving a fine clientele."Let us tell you more about the advantages of a careerwith New England Life. Write Vice President L. M.Huppeler, 501 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Massachusetts.NEW ENGLAND(^V/a^/M LIFE BOSTON. MASSA^mTHE COMPA NY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA — IB3SThese Chicago University men are New England Life representatives:Harry Benner, '12, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoRichard M. Bohn, '37, Grp. Mgr., Chicago Paul C. Lippold, '38, ChicagoRobert P. Saalbach, '39, Des MoinesJames M. Banghart, '41, Adv. Mgr., St. Paul John R. Downs, C.L.U., '46, ChicagoEugene Freemen, '37, ChicagoAsk on. of these competent man to toll you obout the advantages of insuring in the New England life.