\JYOUNG TV DIRECTORPage 10THEUNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOLIBRARYuY OUR INVITATION TO Schedule your Chicago business or pleasure tripto include one or more of theseinteresting programs arranged by yourS C Alumni Association.Drop us a card or use coupon fortentative reservations.CHICAGO LOOP LUNCHEONSGeorgian Room, Carson Pirie Scott & Co., 12:15 P.M., $2.00WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 5A REPORT FROM GENEVA on peaceful atomic usesby one of our delegates, Dr. Robert J. Hasterlik, Associate Director, Argonne Cancer Research Hospital. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2HOW JURORS THINK— a preliminary report from anintimate study of how jurors reach verdicts, by thedirector of the study, Harry Kalven, Professor of Law.CAMPUS EVENTSSUN. OCT. 30—2:00 P.M. Soccer: Chicago v. Purdue.Stagg Field. Reception with teams and coaches aftergame. Bring the children. No charge.THUR. NOV. 3—8:30 P.M. The Crucible. UniversityTheatre's production of the Arthur Miller hit. $1.50.Dinner party at Quadrangle Club before the show. $3.00.FRI. NOV. 4—8:30 P.M. Vegh String Quartet featuringBeethoven. $1.50. Dinner with Music faculty at 6:30P.M. $3.00.WED. NOV. 9—8:30 P.M. Excavations in Iraq. Prof.Robert J. Braidwood exhibiting the Oriental Institute'smost recent discoveries. Dinner with Institute staff members at 6:30 P.M. $3.00.SAT. NOV. 26—8:00 P.M. Pan-American student OpenHouse at International House. A program of dancing,music and art from Latin Lands. Come early to dinewith students.SEND THIS COUPON OR DROP US A POSTAL CARDThe Alumni Association5733 University Ave., Chicago 37I may wish the following reservations, keep me posted.reservation (s) for Atomic Luncheon" Jury Luncheon" Soccer Game" The Crucible" String Quartet" Iraq LectureName Address Oct. 5Nov. 2Oct. 30Nov. 3Nov. 4Nov. 9Pan-American Program Nov. 26 Phone P.S.—Last June our Magazine was judged one of thetop ten alumni magazines in North America.One reason was because of its variety of newsand feature coverage.E.G.—Last year the Magazine carried4 Pages on Freedom of Thought4 Pages on Psychology5 Pages on Religion8 Pages on Poetry and Literature8 Pages on Art and Music10 Pages on Science Research12 Pages on International Relations16 Pages about faculty and wives17 Pages about students and activities18 Pages about books19 Pages on Educational progress19 Pages on Hyde Park redevelopment20 Pages about interesting alumni29 Pages on foreign experiences of Chicagoans32 Pages of University news93 Pages about your classmates268 lively picturesTfUo PadQuestionnaire quandaryOur headquarters staff experiencadconsiderable emotions last springwhen they were suddenly deluged with32 000 questionnaires at the very momentwhen they were trying to dig out fromunder a record avalanche of 13,000 gifts.We had asked for both and the returnswere most gratifying. But stare with meat a stack of questionnaires which pushesthrough the ceiling. The first simplestep of alphabetizing 32,000 sheets written in long hand — some with last namesfirst and vice versa — isn't done over theweek-end.All summer a dozen bright Collegestudents have been processing questionnaires — well, they are bright at 8:30; by5 they leave the office like dazed sleepwalkers.Some preliminary discoveries: 1) Over4,000 of your children will be ready forcollege in the next year or so. We aremailing information about our Collegeto them with invitations to follow theirparents to the Midway.2) Over 21,000 of you have no interestin a national directory; 5,500 have expressed interest in local directories; lessthan 6,000 would pay $8.00 for a completevolume of some 55,000 alumni.To publish or not to publish is stillthe question.More Chicago programsT^lizabeth (betsey) shaw joined our" headquarters' family this summer.She is in charge of programming for theChicago area.Already Betsey has set up two fascinating Loop luncheons — primarily forbusiness and professional alumni. Shealso is inviting alumni to return to thequadrangles for campus events. (See opposite page.)Elizabeth ShawOCTOBER, 1955 Meanwhile, committees have been setup from Highland Park to Park Forestand Hinsdale to develop plans for takingthe University to the suburbs.Elizabeth, from a Michigan farm, entered Smith College on a Detroit SmithClub scholarship and was graduated in1948. She came to Chicago to practiceher political science major as a volunteer on the Douglas (for Senator) andStevenson (for Governor) campaign.She supported herself as a maid in aRepublican home!A few months later Betsey joined thestaff of the Chicago Council on ForeignRelations. In her programming responsibilities she worked with many Chicagofaculty members, students, and alumni.Now she's an official member of the family. Betsey is hoping to keep programsannounced far enough in advance so thatthe alumni at distant points can plantheir Chicago trips to coincide with theseinteresting events.Magazine in rare company'C'ditor anthenelli forgot deadlines and*-' accompanied me to the national conference of the American Alumni Councilin New Hampshire last June. There shewas informed that her magazine wasagain rated by professional judges as oneof the top ten alumni magazines of thenation. (The other nine: U. of Oklahoma, Amherst, Dartmouth, Phillips[Andover], R.I. School of Design, Simmons, Smith, Wellesley, and Yale.) Itwas also voted best among mid-westernalumni publications.Magazine of the year award went toOklahoma University's sooner magazine,edited by David Burr. Everyone agreedthe award was merited.A number of years ago alert DavidBurr took on the sooner editorship. Hehad no professional background butnothing good escaped him in the magazine field. His magazine was soon takingon that readable, professional appearance and by last year he was threatening the peak.The award couldn't have gone to afiner man, who generously says that hewas convinced he was arriving when hismagazine began to share a prominentspace on his university president's deskwith the university of Chicago magazine.President George L. Cross, PhD '29, isa Chicago enthusiast and a member ofthis year's Century Club.Eisenhower to StaggHPhe recent telegram from Ike to Stagg¦*¦ on the 93rd birthday of the GrandOld Man reminds us of a similar recognition which came to Amos and Stelladuring the June Reunion when theywere honored guests on campus.Chicago's Mayor Richard J. Daley issued a proclamation designating June1-4 "Amos Alonzo Stagg Days in Chicago" and urging "all citizens to join thealumni and student body of The University of Chicago in rendering to thisfabulous gentleman of gridiron and diamond the homage that is due his unsurpassed career."£5479-0 Amos A. StaggIn the proclamation the Mayor referred to Mrs. Stella Stagg as Mr. Stagg's"helpmeet, first assistant coach andchief scout since their marriage in1894."Speaking' of birthdaysJames r. lawson, '41, University Carillonneur, is reviving some of the earlycampus customs. He has discovered that,during the Harper days, a birthday pealwas carried on the Mitchell Towerchimes for the University's first officer.Friday, October 7th, at high noon, theMitchell Tower chimes will wish Chancellor Kimpton a happy forty-fifth birthday. The bells will be rung by DouglasMaurer, a student in the College.Douglas is a member of Lawson's Societas Campanariorium (Society ofBell-Ringers) composed of students interested in bell ringing. It was from thisgroup that Lawson selected ringers forthe June Reunion events. They will beplaying for us again at the FebruaryOpen House.Near champV7*ou'd have to know conscientiousGeorge Sorter, our bookkeeper, toappreciate an embarrassed telephonecall he made to my office in August.George had asked for a week off toenter the national bridge tournamentbeing hald in Chicago. Monday, following that week, came — not George, but aphone call. George was all apologies. Hehad won through to the finals, whichwere to be played off the second week,and he didn't want to let his partnerdown by not continuing. Of course weran his adding machine tapes for threemore days while George placed fourthin this national event.To make his summer even more hectic, George studied for and passed theC.P.A. examinations, and has accepteda teaching fellowship with the School ofBusiness while he works on his Ph.D.H.W.M.17??**.The Telephone PoleThat Becamea MemorialThe cottage on Lincoln Street in Portland, Oregon, is shaded by graceful treesand covered with ivy.Many years ago, A. H. Feldman and hiswife remodeled the house to fit their dreams. . . and set out slips of ivy around it. Andwhen their son, Danny, came along, he, too,liked to watch tilings grow. One day, whenhe was only nine, he took a handful of ivyslips and planted them at the base of thetelephone pole in front of the house.Time passed . . . and the ivy grew, climbing to the top of the pole. Like the ivy,Danny grew too. He finished high school,went to college. The war came along beforehe finished— and Danny went overseas. Andthere he gave his life for his country.Not very long ago the overhead telephonelines were being removed from the poles onLincoln Street. The ivy-covered telephonepole in front of the Feldman home was aboutto be taken down. Its work was done.But, when the telephone crew arrived,Mrs. Feldman came out to meet them."Couldn't it -be left standing?" she asked.And then she told them about her son.So the ypolc, although no longer needed,wasn't touched at all. At the request of thetelephone company, the Portland City Council passed a special ordinance permitting thecompany to leave it standing. And there it istoday, mantled in ivy, a living memorial toSergeant Danny Feldman.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMJn ZJkU JteueEven our most rabid Melville fans willfind something new in the storyabout the famous author beginning onPage 4.The letter from Toby Greene to Herman Melville which appeared in a Buffalo, N. Y., newspaper back in 1846 hasnever before been reprinted, accordingto our Melville specialist, Gordon Roper.Roper came across the letter whiledoing research for a definitive edition ofMelville's Typee, which he is Workingon for Hendricks House. He is also editorof the Israel Potter volume in the 14-vol-ume set of The Complete Works of Herman Melville being published by Hendricks House. He took time out from hisediting duties to write this story for theMAGAZINE.Roper, AM '38, PhD '44, is AssociateProfessor of English at Trinity College,University of Toronto. He taught herebefore going to Trinity.Illustrations for our story on Melville*¦ are by alumna Damaris Hendry, AB'50. Damaris, who studied at the Art Institute of Chicago for a year after leavingthe University, has hopes of launchingherself as a free lance artist. She alsodid the drawings for the article on Willard Libby's speech which appears thismonth. (Page 16.)I^rom the adventures of two young men¦^ in the South Seas in the mid-19thcentury we take you to those of a youngman in New York in the mid-20th. (See"Young TV Director," Page 10.)"Let's Take A Trip," the children'sprogram which is directed by RogerEnglander, the subject of this month'spicture story, has received a great dealof praise from TV critics for the highquality of its content. We were interested to learn that the cast works onlyloosely from a script, which helps givethe show an attractive quality of spontaneity. The show returns to the airthis fall, after a summer vacation, andRoger informs us plans are in the making for a visit to a Gary, Ind. steel mill.After reading our story on "Operation^ Candor Misfires" (Page 16) we wagerthat few of you will dare to fall asleepduring an after-dinner speech again. Whoknows, the speaker may be letting youin on your own doomsday?Vou'll find a report on the big fund-raising campaign on Page 21. Wehope to bring you regular reports on theprogress of the drive each month.W7e have a particularly excellent setof book reviews to offer you thismonth (Page 22) including Harold Lass-well on Quincy Wright's The Study ofInternational Relations. UNIVERSITYMAGAZINEFEATURES4 Before Moby Dick10 Young TV Director16 "Operation Candor" Misfires18 News of the Quadrangles21 Campaign ReportDEPARTMENTSI Memo Pad3 In This Issue22 Books26 Class News38 Memorials OCTOBER, 1955Volume 48, Number IGordon RoperCOVERRoger Englander, young TV Director, -walks across a ramp in thelagoon at the Marine Theatre, Jones Beach, N.Y., -on his wayfrom the stage to a mobile unit on shore. (Photo by Werner Wolff,Black Star.) (For story, see Page 10.)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEditorFELICIA ANTHENELLITHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Secretary-EditorHOWARD W. MORTAdministrative AssistantRUTH C. HALLORANProgrammingELIZABETH A. SHAW The Alumni FundWILLIAM H. SWANBERGORLANDO R. DAVIDSONStudent RecruitmentDONALD C. MOYERPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni* Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.OCTOBER, 1955IN HIS FIRST book, Typee (1846),Herman Melville offered his contemporaries a fresh vision of theSouth Seas. It was an instant success.Most reviewers were delighted; theycalled it enchanting, racy, romantic,humorous, imaginative, or poetic; afew said blasphemous or licentious.In it he told how, after months ofdissatisfaction on a whaler in the Pacific, he and his shipmate from Buffalo, Toby Greene, jumped ship asthey lay at Nukuhiva in the Marquesas. They scrambled up into themountains and worked along thespine of the island; they lost theirway, and after five days, came downexhausted into the valley of theTypees. These Typees, reputedly,were cannibals who warred on alloutsiders.Melville and Toby were "captured,"and put into the care of a familywhich included a beautiful girl, Fay-away, and a lively young man, Kory-Kory. Their life became idyllic, butonly superficially for they suspectedthat they were being groomed for afeast. Melville's leg had become infected during their flight; escapeseemed impossible. Finally, however,Toby was guided out of the valley tobring back medical aid. He neverreturned.Fearing that Toby either had metwith foul play or had deserted him,Melville gave him up as lost. He sankinto the simple daily life of this Eden.Sympathetically he observed theirway of life. He ate their food, dressedas they dressed; he bathed with Fay-away and the young people; he inquired into their religious observances; he watched their warfare; heparticipated in a great ceremonialfeast. He reflected on the superiorbeauty, health, and happiness of thesepeople who were as yet untouched byFrench imperialism, white traders, ormissionaries. Were "savages" onlymade so by white corruption? Perhaps some of these people ought to besent to the civilized world as missionaries? Meanwhile, he watched for hischance to get away; finally he escapedonto a Sidney whaler.The surprising success of his firstbook brought Melville several kindsof trouble. Melville's American publisher, John Wiley, wanted to capital- By Gordon Roper, AM '38, PhD '44Before Moby DickOnly the lost Toby could prove that Melville stales of the South Pacific were the truthize on its success by issuing a secondedition. But he had been impressedby attacks on the book in the pious press for its "licentiousness" and forits criticism of over-zealous missionaries; consequently he demanded thatMelville make extensive revisions^before the publication of a secondedition. Thus in May and June, 1846,Melville was at work toning down histext for the "Revised Edition" ofTypee, and also writing his next book,Omoo, which was to tell of his adventures in Tahiti.But the criticism which seems tohave vexed Melville most came notfrom Wiley or the pious press butfrom friendly critics who said hisbook was charming but unbelievable.Even Melville's English publisher, thefamous John Murray, who had published Typee in his library of authentic travel narratives, began to demanddocumentary proof of its authenticity.Melville tried in several ways tocounter this incredulity in critic andpublisher, but was having little success.And then on July 1 came thestrange sequel to his book. Four yearsafter he had vanished over the Typeemountains, Melville's shipmate, TobyGreene, turned up — in Buffalo, NewYork.The young Herman Melville, from a painting by Asa W. Twitchell, about a year after the publication of Typee. ">From "The Melville Log" by Jay Leyda, Courtesy of the Berkshire Athenaeum4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEOCTOBER, 1955 5We can piece together the dramaticstory of Toby's reappearance fromitems printed in the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser for July 1, 6, and 11,1846 (the items of the 6th and the 11thhave not been reprinted since 1846);from items in Albany and New Yorknewspapers, and from some Melvilleletters. Here we can give only thethree Buffalo newspaper items."How Strange!"When Toby read Typee in June,1846 and learned that Melville wasalive and somewhere near New York,he wrote him an open letter whichwas printed in the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser for July 1:"How strangely things turn up!"One of the most curious and entertaining books published last seasonwas a work entitled (iTypee, a residence in the Marquesas." We read itwith great interest, but the impression it left on the mind was that theincidents and the mode of life . itdescribed were too extraordinary, andtoo much at variance with what isknown of savage life, to be true, andthat like the fabled Atlantis or thetravels of Gaudentio di Lucca thoughwithout their philosophical pretensions, it was the offspring of a livelyinventive fancy, rather than a veritable narrative of facts. This impression, we believe, was very general.A Credible Witness"The readers of Typee thereforecan imagine, and will share, our surprise, at hearing that here in Buffalo,is a credible witness of the truth ofsome of the most extraordinary incidents narrated in the book. Toby, thecompanion of Mr. Melville in theflight from the whale ship and whomin his book he supposes to be dead, isnow living in this city, following thebusiness of a house and sign painter.His father is a respectable farmer inthe town of Darien, Genesee Co. Wereceived from Toby this morning thesubjoined communication. His verbalstatements correspond in all essentialparticulars with those made by Mr.Melville respecting their joint adventures and from the assurances wehave received in regard to Toby'scharacter, we have no reason to doubthis word. His turning up here is astrange verification of a very strangeand as has been hitherto deemed analmost incredible book.""To the Editor of the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser:"In the New York Evangelist I chanced to see a notice of a new publication in two parts called 'Typee, aresidence in the Marquesas' by Herman Melville. In the book he speaksof his comrade in misfortune 'Toby'who left him so mysteriously andwhom he supposed had been killed bythe Happar natives. The Evangelistspeaks rather disparagingly of thebook as being too romantic to be true,and as being too severe on the missionaries. But to my object: I am thetrue and veritable 'Toby' yet living,and I am happy to testify to the entireaccuracy of the work so long as I waswith Melville, who makes me figureso largely in it. I have not heard ofMelville, or 'Tommo,' since I left himon the Island, and likewise supposedhim to be dead; and not knowingwhere a letter would find him, andbeing anxious to know where he is,and to tell him my 'yarn' and compare 'log' books, I have concluded toask you to insert this notice, and inform him of my yet being alive andto ask you to request New York, Albany, and Boston papers to publishthis notice, so that it may reach him.A Narrow EscapeMy true name is Richard Greene,and I have the scar on my head whichI received from the Happar spear andwhich came near killing me. I leftMelville and fell in with an Irishmanwho had resided on the island forsome time and who assisted me inreturning to the ship, and who faithfully promised me to go and bringMelville to our ship next day, whichhe never did, his only object beingmoney. I gave him five dollars to getme on board, but could not return toMelville. I sailed to New Zealand andthence home; and I request Melvilleto send me his address if this should chance to meet his eye. 'Mortarkee'was the word I used when I heard ofhis being alive.Toby."This Buffalo newspaper item wasreprinted in the Albany papers, whereMelville saw it. On July 4, Melvillevisited the office of the Albany Argusto tell them that he had no doubt thatToby had written the letter. Melville,it is now clear, wrote to Toby at once;he also wrote triumphantly to hisAmerican publisher's adviser, EvertDuyckinck, that Toby had turned upand "vouched for the truth of all thatpart of the narrative where he is madeto figure." Melville thought the lettershould "be pushed into circulation"for the sake of publicity; he also wrotethat he "expected to see him (Toby)soon and hear the sequel of the bookI have written (How strangely thatsounds!)." What did Duyckinck thinkof writing up an account of what hadbefallen Toby?Increased DoubtIn Buffalo Toby received Melville'sletter and wrote back at length to explain how he had been preventedfrom rescuing Melville. His letter, ifit has been preserved, has not beendiscovered, but fortunately Mr. Foote,editor of the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser kept the pot boiling. For onJuly 6 Mr. Foote printed the following item:"TOBY — The Albany EveningJournal [July 3, p.2] doubts our identification of 'Toby'. The very witnesswe bring forward to the truth ofTypee our friend says 'tends to increase rather than resolve ourdoubts,' and then adds, with philosophical and psychological truth, however false his conclusions are in fact,that 'There is a dreaminess — an ether -iality about the story, which raises itabove any mere matter of fact relation. So that while we give our belieffreely to the existence of the gentle'Fayaway,' the devoted 'Kory-Kory,'the royal 'Mehevi,' and even Tobyhimself, yet the appearance of eitherof them, in propria persona, wouldexcite suspicions of their identity. Wedo not believe, therefore, that themysterious and mysteriously absent'Toby' is a Sign Painter at Buffalo!And of course we are bound to believethat our friend Foote, of the Commercial Advertiser, is romancing withus in the following article. Perhaps,however, he will say, as another ofthe Editorial fraternity was accusedof saying — 'This is a good-enough"Toby" until you produce a betterone.'6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFrom "The Melville Log" by Jay Leyda, Courtesy of the Berkshire Athenaeum."We acknowledge the romance, butit is the romance of truth. Our friendof the Journal may dismiss his doubts.There is no mistake whatever. Thefather of 'Toby' called upon us lastSaturday [July 4], and confirmed hisson's story in every essential particular. 'Toby' went on a whaling voyageat the time mentioned by Mr. Melville's book, and on his return relatedhis strange adventures precisely asthey are told in Typee. He supposed,till lately, that Mr. Melville was dead,or yet remained on the island, andas a proof of regard for his friend —which we mention for the benefit ofthe author of Typee — induced a married sister to name her boy Melville.We hope ere long to be able to place'Toby's' adventures before our readers."Toby's LetterMr. Foote fulfilled his hope byprinting on July 11 the text of whatMelville later called "a draught of aletter which he [Toby] had originallysent to me":TYPEE TOBY'S OWN STORY"The following communication, fromthe 'Toby' of Typee, giving an account of the manner of his escapefrom the valley, will be read withinterest. It is a sketch, however, andin a new edition of Typee which wesee has been called for, will be doubtless given with all the necessary details:'Friend Tommo.' If you were rejoiced at hearing that Toby was stillin the land of the living, imagine toyourself my feelings on hearing thatmy companion 'Tommo' was stillalive. I am indeed happy to be ableto clear myself from what you call'perfidious.' Was it possible you couldfor a moment harbor the thought thatI would endeavor to make my escapefrom the island, and leave you at themercy of the Typees? No, far fromit. I would have sacrificed my lifefirst, as you well know I came nearlosing it once for you, and would willingly have undertaken the samejourney again if necessary.But to my escape. The morning Ileft you, it was with a buoyant hopethat I would soon have you with myself on board a ship or somewherein safety, that you might be attendedto till you recovered from your lameness.As soon as we arrived on the beach,I discovered a white man standingthere, surrounded by a number ofnatives. This man had just arrived An 1846 daguerrotype of Toby Greene,from Nukehava. You probably recollect him. He came on board of theDolly shortly after our arrival in port.He had a great deal of tattooing abouthis person. He was an Irishman, calledJimmy Fitch.A Lame ShipmateOn his perceiving me, he welcomed me to the beach, asked meif I wished to leave the bay andget a ship. I told him I did, but thatI had a shipmate up the valley, who,on account of lameness, could notcome down; that I would go up tohim and get some assistance to carryhim to the beach. To this he assented,but reminded me, at the same time,that he tho't it doubtful whether Icould get to the place where my shipmate then was. I started to go up thevalley, and had not proceeded a 'ship'slength' when I felt two or three handslaid heavily upon my shoulders.Imagine to yourself my surprise andhorror on learning that I could go nofarther, as the natives had just discov- ', which belonged to his friend, Melvilleered that I wished to leave the bay.One of them that laid hold of me was'Mareho.' The Irishman then came tome and then told me that in all probability if I should force my way upwhere Melville was, we would nevercome down. He then made me afaithful promise that he would havemy companion away the next day, ashe was coming over from Nukehavathe following morning with a ship'sboats [sic] for the purpose of trading, for you must understand no boatsarrived in Typee that day. The Irishman had been there that day for thepurpose of engaging fruit, pigs, &.for the ships then lying at Nukehava.He came across by land through Happar. I then told Jimmy I would neverleave the valley until I was convincedhe could get you away. To this heassured me he was a tabooed man,that he could go any where throughthe island, and take with him who andwhat he pleased; and to prove thishe would take a Typee native toNukehava with us, to carry a smallhog, a present from one of the natives.OCTOBER, 1955 7As incredible as this may seem, itis nevertheless true. It is strange younever saw this fellow after his returnto Typee. You must certainly recollect us speaking to a native at onetime, who told us he had often beenin Nukehava, and we doubted hisstatement.But to my story. Said Jimmy, if Ibring you and a Typee native safethrough the valley of the Happars,can I not as easily bring your shipmate? This seemed plausible enough,but he added it is impossible for youto stay here tonight, now the nativesknow your intentions. So come, it isgetting late, we have a long journeybefore us, the sooner we start thebetter, and be assured you will haveyour companion with you tomorrowevening. With a heavy heart and along look up the valley, I started forward, the natives looking daggers atme, but dared not advance towardsme as I was tabooed. We ascendedthe mountains in a much easier manner than you and I had done 'a fewweeks before, and in about two hoursfound ourselves in the valley of theHappars. We got something to eatthere, and while resting ourselves Icould not help noticing how savagethe natives looked at our Typeefriend, who kept close to the tabooedman. Had he been alone, poor fellow, I fear his time would have beenshort. It was then I acknowledgedthe superiority of Jimmy Fitch andthe power of the taboo. While sittingin the Happar's house, Jimmy mademe promise to give him dollars on myarrival on board a ship for his trouble.This, I told him, he should have, andmy shipmate would do the same, andbetter than that, if he wished.An Eager CrewWe arrived in Nukehava about darkthe same day, and I was immediatelyhurried on board the London Packet,as the Captain wanted me — badly; butmy sorry appearance after the loss ofmuch blood boded no good in myfavor. The Captain was loth to shipme, as he thought that I was sick.However I entered my name on theship's articles. I told him I had acompanion in Typee, and asked for aboat and crew armed that we mightgo and release him. But the Captainhad no such idea. No, he was notgoing to trust his men among thebloody cannibals, though I must saythe crew were eager for the enterprise. He told me Jimmy would havemy friend on board the next evening.The next evening came, and foundme on the beach waiting to welcome my shipmate. I could descry his formseated in the stern sheets as the boatsapproached the shore. But alas! hewas not there. My brain grew dizzy,the savage villains have killed him,but I will be revenged on the scoundrel that took me from the valley.So soon as Jimmy struck the beachI seized him, shouting in a voice thatstartled him, where is Melville? Heassured me he was not able to comedown to the beach that day, thoughhe knew the boats were in the Typeebay, but that he had engaged a nativeto carry him to the boat the nextday, as he was going around thereagain. This partly satisfied me, but Ihad some doubts as to the truth of hisstatement. I bade him good night,telling him that if Melville was notforthcoming the next evening hemight consider himself in a dangerous situation.I went on board my ship, filled withgloomy thoughts. The next morningI saw the boats depart with Jimmy.Now, thought I, I soon shall have thepleasure of seeing him and explainingall; but how was I mistaken. Attwelve o'clock that day, the Captaincame forward and gave orders to"man the windlass." If I should hereattempt to relate to you the anguishI felt at leaving you, it would appearlike affectation, I will not attempt it.When I recovered from my feelingsthe good ship was ploughing the billows like a thing of life, while themountains of the Marquesas were"hull down" in the distance.You recollect that I started a littleafter sunrise out of the valley, andwith me went, Fayaway, Markeyo,Mow Mow with the one eye, and thetwo young Typees, living in ourhouse, and some one hundred andfifty besides, carrying hogs, cocoanuts, banana, &c, to trade, expectingboats in the bay. We arrived on the beach in about three hours and foundno one there but the Irish Jimmy, whohad escaped from an English Man ofWar, and who I have since learnedwas captured by the English after thisevent. Here ensued the above conversation. You will recollect that on theTypee beach there is a tabooed house,against which Jimmy made me sit.After I took my place there all thenatives formed a circle around me,looking savage, and talking and discussing the subject of my intentions,and how they should prevent my departure. But no one dared to approach me, but an old woman, who asa King's wife in the other Typee bay,for you will recollect there were twoTypees, who asked me "Mortarkee,"and then by signs asked me if I wasgoing to Nukehava? I answered bynodding, yes, and then she left. I satthere half an hour before we startedwhen Jimmy called the Typee andme, and then the fair Fayaway, yourTypee dulcinea, came up to me andshook hands with me and said "howyou do," in English, as you recollectwe taught her a few words of English,such as "good bye" and "how you do,"and then the Typee shouldered hishog, and we started off, the nativesstill looking, talking, and leavingtheir fruit on the beach, left for thevalley before we were out of sight.This is all I recollect of my escape.We weighed anchor and set sail thesecond day after I got on board, andsailed on a cruise among the Islandsfor four months, when our shipsprang a leak and we shifted ourcourse for New Zealand where wearrived in about four months after Ileft Nukehava. There I left the London Packet, and shipped on the Eng-glish brig Harlequin, on board ofwhich I was three months, trading onthe coast of New Zealand, when Iagain left her for the Nimrod on boardof which I was about one month; lefther and took the London Packet again,in which latter vessel I left Nukeheva,and left for home after five months.So that it was one year after I leftTypee before I arrived home — landingat Fairhaven, Mass.On The CuffI have seen in the Argus a paragraph doubting the truth of my statement in regard to the five dollars Igave Jimmy, the Irishman; but youknow when we shipped at New Bedford, the ship's owners advancedsome $84, on the strength of our future services and earnings, and onthis principle when I got on board theLondon Packet I told her captain I8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhad promised Jimmy $5, who said Ihad better not give it to him, but hewould pay it if I desired. I told himI had a comrade ashore, whom hemight not bring if I cheated him, andthe Captain advanced the money.In regard to the cognomen, 'Toby'my name is Richard Tobias Greene,under which I shipped, and the crewgetting hold of Tobias, corrupted itinto Toby, by which name I was calledafter — this I think will sufficiently explain the doubts.'Toby'"Meanwhile, upon receiving Toby'sfirst direct letter to him, Melville leftfor New York to consult with hispublishers. Then between July 16and 20 Melville and Toby met, possibly in Buffalo or some intermediatepoint, and Melville gained a detailedaccount of Toby's story (in additionto the daguerreotype reproduced here,and a lock of Toby's hair — still preserved). From this oral account Melville wrote up his "The Sequel: TheStory of Toby" which he delivered tohis New York publisher by July 27.The publicity given to Typee by thestory of Toby's reappearance musthave gratified Melville and his publishers, but it also worried them. Theybecame apprehensive over the possibility that other publishers mightpirate the story from the newspaperaccounts, and so take the wind out ofthe sales of their forthcoming Revised Edition. So "The Sequel" washurried into print, and bound up withsheets of the first edition, only partly"corrected," to serve as a stop gap until the "Revised Edition" could be issued. Then on August 6 the "RevisedEdition," including "The Sequel," wasannounced as "Published this day."Meanwhile the British market had tobe looked to. Melville sent his Britishpublisher a copy of the printed "Sequel" before the Revised Edition appeared in New York. Murray paidhim £50 for his corrections and"Sequel." He printed the "Sequel"immediately as a separate sixteenpage pamphlet, and put it on sale forthreepence between September 23 andOctober 3. Later he incorporated it asa conclusion to the second (but un-revised) British edition of Typee.Typee, already surprisingly successful, went on to establish firmly inAmerica, Britain, and on the Continent, Melville's reputation as a writerabout the South Seas. From 1846 tillnow it always has been in print inone or more of some seventy editions.For most readers, from then till about1920, Melville was known for hisTypee, not for his Moby-Dick. 101 Years' ServiceJust before their retirementfrom the Laboratory Schoolteaching staff last spring theMisses Bertha Parker (left toright), Laura Oftedal and AdaPolkinghorne were honored ata reception given by four hundred parents and fellow-teachers (many of them former students).Altogether the three ladieshad served a total of 101 yearsin the Laboratory School. MissParker, science teacher, hadbeen on the faculty since 1916;Miss Oftedal, intermediategrade teacher, and Miss Polkinghorne, primary gradeteacher, joined the School in1924.In their many years at theSchool, each of the three ladiesmanaged to pile up quite anachievement record. Miss Parker, who pioneered in theteaching of science at the ele- Chicago Sun-Timesmentary school level, is theauthor of 84 textbooks onscientific subjects.Over 17 million copies of herbooks have been sold, and theyhave been translated intopractically every language inthe world for foreign schooluse.Miss Oftedal, who taught inrural schools and spent several years teaching the blindbefore coming to the LabSchool, likewise is widelyknown among teachers andeducators. She specialized inthe popularization of nutritionstudies, and is the co-authorof a children's dictionary.Methods of teaching arithmetic and handwriting havebeen of special interest to MissPolkinghorne, who also hasbeen active in the Associationfor Childhood Education, International, for many years.OCTOBER, 1955 9Young TV DirectorAssistant checks script as Roger givesstage directions prior to rehearsal. Behind the Scenes At"The Arabian Nights VDOGER ENGLANDER, AB '46, a youngNew Yorker, is a staff producer-director forCBS television. He directs a children'sprogram, "Let's Take A Trip," and we visitedwith him one day recently to see just whata TV director does.The show's regular cast consists of twochildren, Pud and Ginger, and a grozvn-up,Sonny Fox. Each week they visit a differentplace. The day we visited they were beingtaken behind the scenes to a rehearsal of "TheArabian Nights," a fantastic stage-and-watershow at the Marine Theatre, Jones Beach, L. I.(Photographs by Werner Wolff, Black Star)The stage (right) as seen by the liveaudience. Center set revolves to representseveral "Arabian Nights" scenes. The whale(a boat) is part of the show.10Before going out to Jones Beach, Roger plans his show with a floor mapof the stage, using props to represent players and cameras.On location, the director divides his time between mobileunit in truck and the stage.11YOUNG TV DIRECTOR(Continued)Cameraman (top, left) focuses on a water scene.It was a hot summer day, and technicians worebathing suits, spent their breaks swimming inthe lagoon. Man in center photo is actuallygiving directions to cameraman, which he in turnreceives via earphone from Roger in the truck.Note vast seating area for live audience acrosslagoon in bottom photo.Each cameraman must be briefed. Cameraswear protective covering to protect them fromLight showers fell during the day,ram.but rehearsals went on in spite oj rain.iFrom Mandel Hall ToJ New York TV JobTlOGER, who is 28, began preparing for his*- *¦ current work while still on the Midway. Hishope was to direct opera and as a student heworked for the Chicago Opera Co. and withradio station WAAF's Opera Theatre of the Air.He headed the Renaissance Society'sStudent Committee, and brought to campussuch people as Leonard Bernstein, Sybil Shearerand Ruth Page.After graduation he went to Philadelphiawhere he directed NBC's first network TV operas.When he put on several Menotti operas, thecomposer was so impressed he invited him to NewYork. There Roger staged Menotti revivalsat the New York City Center.Along the way, he put in a season as directorof the Chicago Fair's " Music -I n-T he -Round"and won a scholarship to study opera stagedirection at Tanglewood. After a three-year stintwith ABC television in New York, he joined CBS.Roger gives a graphic description ofaction he wants from two players whoplay parts of Aladdin's genies.Having briefed cast and crew, Roger returns to the truck, where he supervisesa run-through. Man on left handles video controls, man on right, audio.OCTOBER, 1955 13Part of the visit takes place in showgirls' dressing room.Roger runs through parts girls will play before camera.Pud, Ginger and Sonny donslickers during a shower.Show will go on in rain,unless there's a downpour.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEYOUNG TV DIRECTOR(Continued)A water ballet is part of the show. The show goes on the air.Small screens which thedirector faces portray scenesfrom different cameras, whilelarge one contains picture ofactual show.Ride on elephant leaves Pud a bitshaken, glad when its over.While eating lunch, director,producer and assistants goover morning's work, smoothing out hitches. The showworks loosely from a script,with actors ad libbing whenthey feel like it, giving it amore lively, informal format.OCTOBER, 1955 15"Operation Candor" MisfiresThe Story of the Press' DelayedReaction on Dr. Libby's JuneReunion SpeechThe crowd emerging from MandelHall on the hot night of June 3was relieved to be outside again,although it was not much cooler inthe open air. They had just satthrough two after-dinner speechesconcerning atomic energy; one, byDr. Willard F. Libby, on radioactivefallout, had been somewhat technicaland a bit difficult to follow.Indeed, most of the crowd was unaware that Dr. Libby had just madea highly important talk.They were not alone in their ignorance. In the daily press the next day,the speech was all but ignored.Cheaper H-BombAlumni who had attended the session June 3 undoubtedly must havebeen surprised to discover on thefront page of the New York Timessome nine days later that they hadbeen in on what many observers considered a confirmation of facts ofstaggering proportions.The New York Times headlineread:CHEAPER H-BOMBIS NOW POSSIBLESIZE OF WEAPON VIRTUALLYLIMITLESS, A.E.C. INDICATES— FALL-OUT PERILS BAREDThe accompanying story by Timesreporter Anthony Leviero read: "The Atomic Energy Commissionhas officially indicated that the thermonuclear or hydrogen bomb can bemade with the cheapest atomic explosives and in virtually limitlesssize."Leviero 's story on June 12 wasfollowed next day by front pagestories in the Washington Post andTimes-Herald and the Christian Science Monitor. The story appearedstill later in papers across the country.For example, in the Kansas CityStar, on June 29, over a story byInternational News Service sciencewriter Edwin Diamond, PhB '47, AM'49, the headline read: AWED BY HORRORU-BOMB IS BELIEVED CAPABLE OFSPREADING 100,000 SQUAREMILES OF DEATHAnd in a Life Magazine article onJune 27, Dr. Ralph E. Lapp, atomicscientist, wrote:"Americans would still be in thedark about superbombs were it notfor a momentous but little noticedspeech which AEC CommissionerWillard F. Libby gave at the University of Chicago early in June."Why Ignored?How was it that such an importantspeech came to be ignored until aweek after it was given?Leviero, in the New York Times,remarked:"The speech was couched in highlytechnical terms. For atomic scientistswho are now analyzing his paper itwas the beginning of frankness aboutfallout. But it was frankness in anoblique manner that was way abovethe head of the laymen."The story of the speech itself begins sometime in May, when HowardMort, Alumni Secretary, phonedLibby long-distance to ask if hewould speak at June Reunion. Libby,on leave of absence from the Department of Chemistry and the Institutefor Nuclear Studies to serve a five-year term as AEC Commissioner,was delighted.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThere were no advance copies ofthe speech, which was 15 pages long,single -spaced, and much of it in technical language. When a copy arrivedat the alumni office at 4:30 P.M. onJune 3, Georg Mann, science writerfor the University's press relationsoffice, quickly scanned it and wrotea resume for the daily papers. Heand other members of the press relations staff phoned the story in to theChicago papers and wire services.Later, Mann sent off several copies ofthe speech to science reporters.When the next day's papers cameout, the speech was mentioned brieflyin only one. Libby happened to belunching that day with Arthur H.Rosenfeld, Research Associate at theInstitute for Nuclear Studies.A Curious ReactionRosenfeld had heard the speech thenight before, and complimented Libbyon it, remarking, "That was a finespeech." He then asked permission toreprint it in The Bulletin of theAtomic Scientists, assuming that itwould be of great interest to otherscientists, but of little interest to thegeneral public. Consequently, he wasa bit surprised when Libby seemeddisappointed at the press' reaction.After the luncheon, Rosenfeld wentback and read the speech. The press,he realized, had failed to recognizewhat Libby was hinting at. He senta copy of the speech off to friends inWashington, who brought it to theattention of Leviero, and this finallyset the whole thing off in the nationalpress.The clue to the information Libbywas [apparently] releasing was theword "fission."Scientists had suggested frequentlythat the "hydrogen bomb" detonatedin the Pacific in March, 1954, wasactually an entirely new device — ahydrogen-uranium bomb yieldingthousands of times the radioactivityproduced by the atomic bombs testedin Nevada or by simple hydrogenbombs. Libby's talk, according toRosenfeld, was the first major speechwhich gave facts to support thishypothesis.Through uranium fission, a "standard" (Hiroshima) atomic bomb releases energy equivalent to theexplosion of 20,000 tons of TNT. Radioactivity is an incidental fissionproduct. A hydrogen bomb gives offenergy through fusion equivalent tomillions of tons of TNT, or hundredsof atomic bombs.But contrary to fission products,which are intensely radioactive, fusion products yield very little radioactivity. Thus scientists outside of theAEC had anticipated that the thermonuclear explosions scheduled forMarch, 1954 would yield enormouslydestructive blast and heat, but wouldproduce only the relatively smallradioactivity associated with the atombomb which is used as a trigger forH-bombs.When they read Japanese reportsthat large amounts of fission productswere involved in the March 1954Pacific explosion, scientists understood that the weapon tested wassomething more complicated that asimple H-bomb. But the AEC hadnever officially confirmed the existence of fission products and had certainly never mentioned the staggering quantities involved. It tookLibby's speech to bring home the factthat the radioactivity from "H-bombs"might be militarily more importantthan any of its other destructivepowers.The February release by the AECdescribing the March, 1954 explosionhad stated that 7,000 square mileshad been contaminated.In his speech, Libby said: ". . . letus follow a nuclear explosion releasing 10 megatons of fission energy or1100 pounds of fission products . . .Let us assume that it is airborne forone day and then is disseminated uniformly over an area corresponding to100,000 square miles."500 A-BombsThus, scientists took it to mean hewas referring to a fission-fusion-fis-sion bomb, which would be theequivalent of more than a 10-millionton energy release, or like releasingmore than 500 atomic bombs at onetime.Scientists theorized that this superbomb does not require as fueluranium 235, separated at great expense from ordinary uranium, butcould burn only very sRghtly "enriched" or maybe even natural cheapuranium 238.The amount of radioactivity from asuperbomb would be of disastrousproportions, and might contaminatean area of 100,000 square miles, Libbyindicated. Moreover, the fallout mightlast days, weeks, or months.Modern nuclear warfare would becatastrophic, he warned."A residence or exposure time of a few days in such an area could bedangerous . . . An area of 100,000square miles is so large that evacuation may be a bit impractical," hesaid.However, Libby gave reassurancethat radioactivity from peace-timetesting of nuclear weapons has notbeen a menace to human safety.He pointed out that people are subject to background radiation of 0.15roentgens every year from naturalcauses such as the radioactive isotopes in the body itself, cosmic rays,and radioactivity present on the surface of the earth which exists in varying amounts of rock formations. (Aroentgen is a unit for measuringradioactivity.)This is much more than the average American has received from allnuclear tests so far, he said. Even ifa person had lived outdoors all thetime he would have received onlyabout 0.1 r from nuclear tests to date.(Incidentally, in a genetic lifetime (20-30 years), the average American receives about 4 r or forty times whathe has received from all nucleartests.)Said Rosenfeld: "The papers hadbeen screaming for 'Operation Candor' from the AEC, and here Libbyhad launched it and they had missedit. Any wonder he was disappointed."A Caustic CommentThe Reporter Magazine of June 30had this caustic comment to make onthe delayed appearance of the storyin the daily press:"This delayed reaction ... is not tobe taken as a symptom of journalisticlethargy. Rather, it demonstrates theAtomic Energy Commission's policyof feeding the public little bits andpieces, mostly sugar-coated, of probably the most important event of ourtimes."...It is interesting to speculatewhat purpose the Atomic EnergyCommission had in selecting a convivial gathering of old grads as theoccasion for a dissertation that wastechnical in the extreme. None of thereporters and few of the alumni present had any idea what it was allabout ... It may be old-fashionednow, but couldn't we have somewhatmore candid candor?" F. A.OCTOBER, 1955 17News of the QuadranglesThe first graduating class to complete its education under the administration of Chancellor Kimpton,who took office four year ago, wasgraduated June 10.First MedalCarl r. moore, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Zoology, was awarded the first medal ofthe Endocrine Society.The medal has been established tohonor distinguished scientific researchin the study of the endocrine orductless glands. Dr. Moore is oneof the pioneers in the study of sexglands and hormones.His researches began almost fortyyears ago, and have led to new information on sex gland transplantation, the function of sex hormonessecreted by living tissues, the conditions under which germ cells are produced, and a test for the male sexhormone.Channel 11Chicago's educational televisionstation, WTTW, (Window to theWorld), finally goes on the air thisfall. Telecasting will take place inthe station's studios at the Museumof Science and Industry.The University, as one of severalparticipating members of the station, will present a 13-week coursein Humanities on the new station,beginning sometime in late fall.As in the College Humanitiescourse, the TV course will treat parallel appreciation of art, music andliterature. Members of the CollegeHumanities staff will participate, andit will be directed by Edward W.Rosenheim, Jr., Radio Office Director. (For a description of a similarcourse, see the magazine, April, 1955.)Filbey HonoredIn recognition of 44 years of "distinguished service" to the University, Emery T. Filbey, Vice-President Emeritus of the University andadviser on special projects, wasawarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the 266th Convocationon September 2.18 The citation accompanying the degree reads: "Distinguished alumnus,superior teacher, penetrating studentand dynamic leader in his field, organizer and promoter of research, astute administrator and colleague ofsteadfast fidelity to the highest interests of the University."Mr. Filbey, PhB 17, AM '20, joinedthe Department of Education in 1909as an Instructor, became AssistantProfessor in 1919, Associate Professor in 1923, and Professor in 1926. Healso served as Dean of UniversityCollege, 1923-27; Director of the Institute of Meat Packing, 1924-30;Director of Personnel and AlumniRelations, 1926-27; Professor of Commerce and Business Administration,1927-30; Assistant to the President,1930-33; Dean of Faculties, 1933-37;and Vice-President and Dean of Faculties, 1937-44.Since his retirement in 1944, Mr.Chancellor Kimpton congratulates Emery T. Filbey after awarding him anhonorary Doctor of Laws degree at convocation in Rockefeller Chapel LewellynTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFibley has continued as adviser tothe Chancellor and has also served asActing Dean of the Social SciencesDivision in 1954 and acting Dean ofthe Federated Theological Faculty in1954-55.A Dozen MonkeysA dozen lively East Indian monkeys(Macacus rhesus) have beenadded to the menagerie of the Physiology Department. Dr. Kao LiangChow, Assistant Professor of Physiology, who came to the University lastyear from Yerkes Laboratories inFlorida, will use them in his researchon the role of the temporal lobe, oftenreferred to as the seat of memory.Monkeys lend themselves best to thiskind of work, since they are veryclosely related to man. Preliminarywork suggests that monkeys whosetemporal lobes have been extirpatedcan retain their ability to discriminate between colors and patterns ifthe learned habits are old, but notif they are recently acquired.With the aid of a U.S. Public HealthService grant of $26,000 for a three-year period, Dr. Chow plans to continue studies on the basic neuralmechanisms involved, both by be-havorial techniques and by anatomical and histological methods.Lab School DirectorHerbert w. schooling, former Superintendent of Schools at NorthKansas City, Mo., has been namedDirector of the Laboratory Schools.He succeeds Harold B. Dunkel,Professor of Education, who had beenserving as Director of PrecollegiateEducation since 1953. Mr. Dunkelrequested that he be relieved of administrative duties in order to devotemore time to his field of educationalphilosophy. He will continue to serveas a consultant to the LaboratorySchools, particularly in developing aprogram for the teaching of modernlanguage.Mr. Schooling has had wide experience in teaching and administration. He was principal of NorthKansas City high school from 1944-49, when he became superintendent.Prior to 1944, he was principal ofboth elementary and high schoolsand superintendent of schools inother Missouri communities. He holdsa doctor's degree in education fromthe University of Missouri.In addition to his administrativepositions, Mr. Schooling has beenactive in civic and professional affairs.He is serving this year as President Herbert W. Schoolingof the Missouri Association of SchoolAdministrators. He spent the summer as a visiting Professor in Administration at the University ofMissouri.A principal will be appointed toassist Mr. Schooling in administering elementary and secondary divisions of the Laboratory Schools.You, The JuryThe law school used radio in anexciting fashion recently, to helpconduct its study of juries.Under a Ford Foundation grant theLaw School has been making a studyof influences affecting the decisionsmade by juries. Professor HarryKalven, Jr., is in charge of the project.To conduct its research the stafftakes transcripts of actual trials,changing the names to protect thepersons involved, and with LawSchool employes as actors, makestape recordings of the "trials."Through an arrangement with Chicago and St. Louis courts, the recordings are played before actual juries.The jurors are asked to deliberateand give a verdict. To vary the data,two groups of juries deliberating onthe same case are given different setsof instructions.Fred L. Strodtbeck, Associate Professor in the Law School, who hasbeen working on this phase of theproject, decided to broaden the scopeof the research by "trying" a casebefore a radio audience."You Are the Jury," a dramatization of an actual case tried in Washington, D. C, involving the defense of insanity, pleaded by an accusedhouse-breaker, was broadcast overWEAW-AM-FM in Evanston on September 17. The "actors" were members of University Theatre.During the week preceding thebroadcast, the Law School solicitedseveral hundred persons by telephoneand postcard to listen to the program.They were invited to write theirdecisions to the Law School, andthese results will be tabulated andincorporated in the statistical research on the project.Theological FacultyTwo theological scholars who arealso ordained ministers have beenappointed to the Federated Theological Faculty.Markus Barth, son of the internationally known Swiss theologian,Karl Barth of Basel University, hasbeen appointed as Associate Professorof New Testament; and Nathan A.Scott, first Negro to become a member of F.T.F., has been appointedAssistant Professor in Religion andArt.Barth, an ordained minister of theSwiss Reform Church, has been serving as Professor of New Testamentat Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Dubuque, la., since he came tothe United States in 1953. He is theauthor of three books on theology,and more than 50 articles publishedin European scholarly journals.He received his theological training at the Universities of Basel, Berlin and Edinburgh, and was grantedhis doctor of theology degree in 1947by the University of Gottingen.Scott, an ordained Congregationalminister, has been a member of thefaculty at Howard University since1949, where he was Associate Professor of Humanities. He has alsoserved as chaplain at Hampton Institute.Author of a book Rehearsals ofDiscomposure, 1953, and an article onreligious symbolism in a book Religious Symbolism edited by F. Ernest Johnson and published this year,Scott has also contributed articles toleading scholarly and religious periodicals.He received his AB from the University of Michigan, his DB and PhDfrom Union Theological Seminary.OCTOBER, 1955 19U. of C. on "Monitor"The university's own radio program, "New World," has beencovering a variety of topics since itsinception on "Monitor," the new NBCweekend-long radio program.Under the direction of Radio Director Edward W. Rosenheim Jr., "NewWorld" has paid visits to Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wis., todiscuss what astronomers are doingand toured Argonne National Laboratory in Lemont, 111., to visit itsnew school for atomic scientists. Therange of topics discussed in the studiohas been diverse, too, including suchitems as "What Are People Laughing At?" "Holiday Weekends," and"Davy Crocket: Man, Myth and MassMania."The new program, which replacesthe famous Round Table originates at10:35 A.M. Central Daylight Time,and is carried either "live" or delayed over most of the major NBCstations from New York to San Francisco.Primary idea behind the program,explains Mr. Rosenheim, is thatmembers of the academic communityhave a great responsibility for thenew patterns which have been imposed on contemporary life, rangingfrom the achievements of nuclearscientists and medical researchers todiscoveries of social scientists, educators and humanists, by which manhas gained new insight into himselfand his society. In addition, becausethe new world has brought enormousnew problems, the program is alsoconcerned with the academician'sformulation of these problems andhis attempts to solve them."New World" is still in an experimental stage, and Mr. Rosenheimsaid that any suggestions on topics orformat from the listening audiencewill be welcome.Semi-weekly MaroonCo-editors Joy Burbach and SpikePinney are hopeful that themaroon, campus newspaper, is aboutto enter on better days. They plan toattempt semi-weekly publication beginning this quarter, with the papercoming out Tuesdays and Fridays.The maroon has been a weeklysince 1948-49, when it came out twiceweekly for one year. It had been adaily for several years until January, 1943, when it began coming outweekly.Editors Burbach and Pinney envision finances as their chief problem,and are plotting ways to lick it. Walter BartkyStaff appointments to date are:Business manager, Gary Mokotoff;managing editor, Bob Quinn; executive news editor, Lois Gardner; newseditors, Sue Tax, Bill Brandon, JimBirmingham, Davis Bobrow, andRonnie Grossman; feature editor, BobMoody; sports editor, Mitri Dozoretz.New VeepWalter bartky, SB '23, PhD '26,Dean of the Division of Physical Sciences, has been named VicePresident of the University, in chargeof special scientific programs.Dr. Bartky will concentrate on coordinating various contracts withgovernmental agencies. He is a statistician and mathematician, and hasheld posts in the Departments ofAstronomy and Applied Mathematics.Atomic Age CoursesCourses in two new specializedfields created by the atomic age,health physics and radiological physics, will be offered by the Universitythis autumn.Hazards in the rapidly expandinguse of radiation sources, such as reactors and accelerators, and materialssuch as radioisotopes, have created ademand for trained health physiciststhat can not now be met.Health physicists and radiologicalphysicists were unknown a decadeago except in the wartime bombproject directed by the ManhattanDistrict, in which all atomic workwas centered. With university laboratories and medical scientists nowstudying nuclear energy and usingisotopes for investigation and treat ment, industrial firms increasinglyemploying radioactive materials intheir processes, and power companiesbuilding nuclear reactors, the protection of personnel has become vital.The health physicist, who determines standards of allowable exposure to radiation and directs theprotective measures, is also a specialist required by insurance companies,state governments, and others whichhave a relationship to radiation hazards.Radiological physicists, who calculate dosages from radiation sourcesused in cancer treatment, and measure for research projects the intensityand type of emissions from radioactive isotopes, also are in urgentdemand.The two courses, both two-yearprograms leading to the master's degree, are the first to be offered by anon-governmental agency. The onlytraining in the fields so far has beenby the Atomic Energy Commission,which instituted courses in Oak Ridge,Tennessee, primarily to meet its ownneeds for the new kind of specialists.A pioneer in the field of nuclearenergy and radioactivity in both theoretical investigation and in medicaluse, the University has exceptionalfacilities for training in the two fields.Its Research Institutes have a batteryof radiation creating machines ranging from its 450-million volt synchrocyclotron to linear accelerators, betatrons, and other specialized devices.The Argonne Cancer ResearchHospital, built on the Midway by theAEC, and operated for it by theUniversity, is the only hospital specially designed for the medical useof all radioactive sources in investigation and treatment. Its unique features include not only the highradiation sources, but an isotope pharmacy, special disposal provisions forradiation-contaminated material andproducts, and other facilities withwhich the health physicist must befamiliar.Both the new courses will be givenin the department of radiology of theUniversity's medical center, underthe supervision of Lester S. Skaggs,Associate Professor of Medical Physics. Physicists, biologists, and doctors will participate in the instruction. During the second year of thecourses, students will be employedhalf-time in either the Health Physics Service or in the Department ofRadiology.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe University of ChicagoA MONTHLY REPORT CAMPAIGNWith the beginning of the academic year 1955-56, the University's big campaign to raise $32.7million in capital funds went intohigh gear.Across the country, volunteer chairmen are busy organizing committeesto work for the campaign. Reportson their work will appear in futureissues of the magazine.New ChairmenIn Chicago, announcement has beenmade of two important appointments.Kenneth A. Rouse, '28, vice-president in charge of personnel and public relations for A. B. Dick Co., hasbeen named Chicago Area Chairmanfor the Alumni Division of the drive.Mr. Rouse, whose home is in Winnetka, headed a committee which thisspring increased gifts to the University from alumni in Chicago by morethan 20 percent over last year.He was president of the Class of1928, captained the football team andwas named most valuable player inthe Big Ten that season. He is president of the Illinois Society for MentalHealth, past secretary of the Industrial Relations Association of Chicago and a trustee of the ChicagoYWCA. LewellynBefore asking fellow alumni to contribute to the big campaign drive, Co-Chairmen John McDonough (seated) and Earle Ludgin, who head the AlumniDivision, decide to set good examples. The Chancellor grjns broadly as heaccepts McDonough's check. Alumni goal is three million dollars.Edwin A. Locke, Jr., president anddirector of Union Tank Car Co., hasaccepted chairmanship of the Citi-New Chairmen Kenneth A. Rouse (left), and Edwin A. Locke, Jr. zens' Committee 0f the Campaign.Mr. Locke, whose company ownsthe largest fleet 0f tank cars in theworld, was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard University.In addition to his business career,Mr. Locke has a distinguished recordof service with the government andcivic agencies. He has served withthe Council of National Defense, withthe Office of Production Management;and as executive assistant to DonaldNelson, director 0f the War Production Board. He accompanied Mr. Nelson on an official visit to Canada in1943, and later 0n Presidential missions to Great Britain, North Africa,Russia, China, Australia, and NewZealand. In 1944 he was named personal representative of the Presidentand head of an American productionmission to Nationalist China. WhenMr. Nelson submitted his resignationin 1945, President Truman appointedMr. Locke his successor, with responsibility for and direction of the(Continued on Page 25)OCTOBER, 1955 21(Book*by Faculty and AlumniThe Study of International Relations. By Quincy Wright: Appleton-Century-Croft, 1955. Pp. 642. $6.75.(Mr. Wright is Professor of PoliticalScience.)Quincy Wright is coming near theend of his career at the Universityand it is gratifying to see that he haspoured the reflections and experienceof an industrious and distinguishedlifetime into preparing a prospectusof the field that he has done so muchto make into an academically respected discipline. Quincy has beenan authority on special topics for somany years that the memory of modern scholars runneth not to the contrary. From now on arguments aboutthe scope and method of internationalstudies as a whole will be conductedaccording to Wright: Quite, Nearly,Not, Emphatically Not.The author swims boldly amongthe sharks in the academic lagoon.With clean strong strokes of the type-bar he makes all the ploys of classicalstrategy: he confronts, he outflanks,he encircles. By the time the book isdone the reader has been invited toconsider the jurisdictional claims ofevery discipline and to subscribe toan imposing network of arbitrationawards that define the sphere of international relations. The book is notdifficult to read but it is fair to warnthe layman that he will need to havea genuine taste for things scholasticor he will never carry on to the lastpage.World GuideThe reader who persists will be rewarded by a one man guide to theworld of learning. Quincy Wright hasalways been singularly scrupulous inhis choice of citations. He does notrefrain from citing the best evenwhen it is his own. He snips and sortswith unfailing competence and sobriety. It is a forgery if the name ofWright is attached to a statement thatis glib, mean or temperamental; oreven graceful. Quincy Wright composes as responsibly as a jurist whoapplies the cold gray rules of reasonto a tragic case. In a surprising burstof subjectivity the author remarksthat an idea struck him "as I walkedthrough the Vermont woodlands." (p.12) I am confident that most of hiscolleagues will regard this anecdote as wildly exaggerated since Quincynever explains how he got out of thelibrary in the first place.The encyclopaedism of the volumeaccurately reflects the author's conception of the discipline of international relations as history, science,philosophy and art. He identifieseight "root disciplines" as havingcontributed most directly to the subject: international law, diplomatichistory, military science, international politics, international organization,international trade, colonial government, and the conduct of ^foreign relations. Other subjects provide aworld viewpoint within which thespecialist upon the impact of nationsupon one another finds his frame ofreference. The disciplines with a"world point of view" include history, geography, demography, technology, sociology, psychology andethics.Among the chapters that considerthe separate disciplines the mostnovel departure is the one that dealswith "international ethics."In keeping with the candor of hisoutlook Wright comes to the following important and challenging appraisal of the teaching that has beendone in American under -graduateeducation."There has been a degree of indoctrination in international relationshardly compatible with the theory ofwhat education should be in a liberaldemocracy. During a half- centurycollege education has successively,and in a measure, successfullyguided opinion in the United Statestoward isolationism, toward international organization, and toward power politics as the central theme ofAmerican foreign policy ... if education had actually gone to the rootsof the subject, perhaps in the realmof social psychology, such rapid shiftswould not have occurred." (p. 72) Another example of QuincyWright's critical and catholic perspective is the discussion of the"somewhat paradoxical" influence ofscience on human affairs.Natural science "often lends support to reformers who wish to changesocial ideas and institutions in orderto adjust society to present and future conditions, and to utilize theopportunities which scientific advance has made available."But social scientists "are likely tohave a conservative influence on society because their professional distortion makes them propagandistsfor the assumptions on which thevalidity of their work depends."(P. H8)Concerning the subject with whichhe has been most closely identified,which is international law, Wrightremarks on the current state ofcrisis:"As understood by traditionalists itappears to be obsolete, and as understood by modernists it appears to bepremature." (p. 233)These sentences may give some indication of the learning, enterpriseand acumen that have gone into themaking of this brave and formidablebook by one of the most eminentscholars of our day.Harold D. Lasswell,Professor of Law and PoliticalScience, Yale University ; Fellow,Center of Advanced Study in theBehavioral Sciences, Stanford,California.Prize WinnerThe Jacksonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1829-1861. ByLeonard D. White. New York: TheMacmillan Co., 1954. Pp. 593. $8.00.(Professor White is in the PoliticalScience Department. He was awardedthe 1954 Bancroft Prize of $2000 byColumbia University for this book.)The study of history may be approached from many distinct pointsof view, and may prove equally rewarding within each disciplinaryframework. Political scientists concerned with history have, for themost part, focused their attention onpolitical history, and the scope oftheir vision has been sufficientlybroad to include economic and social change and the major developments in social philosophy. Strangely,however, the general area of administrative history has received remarkably little attention in spite ofthe fact that public administration22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEitself is a major segment of the political scientist's field. Chief criticisms0f public administration as an areaof study are that it lacks depth, thatit is concerned essentially with practice and procedure in a somewhatmechanical sense, that its antecedentsare weak, and that its basic premisesoften lack substantiation. Those whohave turned to history for a broaderunderstanding of administration today have been few indeed; yet thosewho, like Professor White, haveadapted themselves to a differentdiscipline and probed deeply into thepast have found the effort immenselyrewarding.A Timely BookAny student of administrationreading the finest of histories is oftenseized with a feeling of frustration.Invariably he picks up the trail of asignificant administrative concept orrelationship, but quickly discoversthat the trail runs out because theauthor had failed to recognize thetrack for which it was and had madeno attempt to follow it. Historiansare seldom students of administrationas administration is conceived today,and they can scarcely be expected torespond to administrative phenomenathat they inadvertently uncover intheir quest for data of another sort.Yet the advantages of combining thetwo areas of knowledge are inescapable. History becomes more meaningful and administration is suddenlydiscovered to be something withwhich Hannibal, Caesar, and CharlesI were concerned no less than Wood-row Wilson, Herbert Hoover, andPresident Roosevelt's Committee onAdministrative Management.Most Comprehensive TheoriesThe truly significant contributionof White's study of administrativehistory in the United States, of whichThe Jacksonians is the third volume,is not whether his conclusions coincide in any particular instance withthose of some other author who hasmade a more detailed study of somelimited phase of governmental operations. It lies rather in presenting forthe first time a record of the courseof administrative development in agreat nation which today prides itselfin possessing the most comprehensivetheories of administrative behaviorand the most advanced techniques ofthe administrative art. If it is assumed that American managementtheorists and practitioners may be justly proud of their accomplishments in the management of bothpublic and private enterprises, it isgood for the soul and properly sobering to discover that problems of organization, delegation, the management of people, and the suppressionof graft were as troublesome to Jackson and Polk as they are today, andthat those gentlemen sought solutionswhich condition present-day theoryand practice fully as much as havethe "new" developments of the modern "science of administration."The Jacksonians is an extremelytimely book. American experts areall over the world "exporting technical know-how" in the field of administration. In most cases such peoplefind themselves in a different time -eraof government, one in which the stageof political development is far morecomparable to that of the Jacksonianera than to that of contemporaryUnited States. Political parties areweak and are just beginning to develop a broad popular base, and personal patronage is only beginning togive way to party spoils. Concepts ofspecialization and recruitment on thatbasis are essentially alien to the social order. Government is still fundamentally negative, manifesting itselfthrough processes of control andregulation. Government as doer, asprovider of services and facilities, remains in the realm of dream ratherthan reality, with strong oppositionin many private quarters. The publicservice has not yet been "politicized,"to use one of Professor Whites expressions, nor has it been "positiv-ized," to use one of my own.The Jacksonians, as ProfessorWhite views them, continued thelaissez-faire tradition, and underthem government did not become aprime mover in the economic systemof the nation. They did, however, introduce and promote the concept ofpopular, partisan influence in thepublic service. This may indeed be afundamental step in the development of popular democracy, for it gave political party life vigor and significance, something that it had previously lacked and which it still lacksin many regions of the world wherenations are attempting to move fromoligarchy to democracy in one bigjump. The possibility is worth considering that the Jacksonians andtheir contribution to modern American political life may suggest democratic components that should not beoverlooked in the struggle for popular government in less developedportions of the world.Professor White's study of Jacksonian administration is greatly enlivened by his appreciation for thehuman and the personal in government. Unfortunately, not all of theprincipal executive and administrative figures left so useful a record oftheir personal struggles with administrative problems as did PresidentPolk in his diary. Professor Whiteand all of his readers are deeply indebted to Polk for much of the personal insight that adds the humandimension to so many pages of TheJacksonians.Wendell G. Schaeffer,Supervisor of Publications,Public Administration Service.French LaborThe French Labor Movement. By ValR. Lorwin. Harvard University Press,Cambridge, Mass., 1954. Pp. 346. $6.00.(Mr. Lorwin is an Assistant Professorof Industrial Relations and Social Sciences.)Most informed Americans wouldagree that France is an invaluablebulwark of democracy on the continent of Europe and that an independent and vigorous labor movement isan essential attribute of a moderndemocratic, industrial society. Yet theextent of knowledge in this countryabout the French labor movement isvery limited indeed; it is a rare person, even among those who try tofollow developments in other countries, who knows anything aboutFrench labor other than the fact thatits leading union federation consistently follows the communist line, engaging in politically inspired strikesto further the foreign policy of theU.S.S.R. How this has come about ismade clear in this informative, well-written volume by Dr. Lorwin.In the first half of the volume Dr.Lorwin traces the history of theFrench labor movement, with particular attention to developments sincethe liberation of France in 1944. HeOCTOBER, 1955 23shows the French labor movement asthe product of that country's distinctive history, a history in which economic developments, political events,and social structure have all playedimportant parts. The second half ofthe volume is devoted to an analysisof such topics as union structure andfunctioning, the scope and content ofcollective bargaining, industrial disputes, industrial relations at the plantlevel, and relations between theunions and political parties.Internal InstabilityThe French labor movement hasnever enjoyed the internal stabilityor the collective bargaining strengththat we take for granted in this country. Union membership fluctuates,dues are paid irregularly, unions areinadequately staffed, and the divisionof French labor into rival, competingfederations further saps unionstrength. French employers, by wayof contrast, are strongly organized!;except for brief periods during whichthey were politically weak, the employers have dominated industrialrelations. Legal obligations to bargain as we know them are not partof the French industrial scene, andas a result of all these factors genuine collective bargaining has hardlybeen tried in France. Instead therehas been domination by the employers, periodic protest strikes byworkers, strong influence by government on the wage pattern, and a failure to develop consistent and effective techniques for the raising ofliving standards and the orderly adjustment of shop grievances.Throughout its history the Frenchlabor movement has been plaguedby conflict between its revolutionaryand its moderate or reformist wings.From the 1890's to the first WorldWar the syndicalist tendency, withits antiparliamentarianism and itsemphasis on the class struggle andthe general strike, was dominant. Between the two great wars the leadingFrench union movement was undermore conservative leadership, whilethe communists, who replaced thesyndicalists as the leading revolutionary group, led a weaker rivaltrade union center. The communists,however, thanks to their more disciplined organization, their greaterfinancial resources, and their role inthe resistance movement, won control of the French labor movementin the liberation period; though thecommunists have lost some groundsince then, their dominant position in the French union movement hasnot been seriously challenged.At the present time the leadingFrench union federation, the CGT(Confederation General du Travail)is thoroughly controlled by the Communist Party through interlockingdirectories, the placement of reliableparty members in key union posts,and the organization of party factions or cells in industrial plants.Much weaker are the FO (ForceOuvriere) , which split away from theCGT in the fall of 1947 following theseries of communist inspired strikesagainst the Marshall Plan .and whichhas maintained close relations withthe Socialist Party; and the CFTC(Confederation Francaise des Tra-vailleurs Chretiens), which is closelyrelated to the Catholic MRP (Mouve-ment Republican Populaire). Each ofthese union federations has affiliatesthroughout the principal centers ofFrench industry, the relative strengthof each being shown by the votescast for its candidates for shop stewards, plant committeemen, or worker representatives on the social security boards of administration.Both the specialist in industrialrelations and the general reader willfind Dr. Lorwin's book of great valuein helping him to understand the labor movement in one of the world'sleading democracies.Joel SeidmanAssociate Professor andChairman of the SocialSciences Staff, The CollegeDr. Johnson's Dictionary. Essaysin the Biography of a Book. ByJames H. Sledd and Gwin J. Kolb.The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1955. Pp 256 & viii. $5. (Mr.Sledd is Associate Professor of English and Linguistics and Secretary ofthe Department of English. Mr. Kolbis Assistant Professor of English,teaches in the College and is an editorial assistant on Modern Philology.In 1755 appeared A Dictionary ofthe English Language by SamuelJohnson, A. M. The author was notyet 'Doctor', but the Dictionary helped make that later honor certain;for it was a major literary achievement of its century. With now twohundred years passed it may surprise some that a centenary of a dictionary should cause much laudatorycelebrating. Upon reflection one seesthat publishers and editors are possibly more dictionary -conscious thanmost of us, and since publishers andeditors condition the reader's eye, itis perhaps natural that this landmarkin the history of lexicography shouldreceive attention. In all English-speaking countries it has done so. Thetimeliest and most learned contribution in honor of the Dictionary is thevolume by two members of the Chicago Department of English, Messrs.Sledd and Kolb.Conservative ViewThe authors take a conservativeview of Dr. Johnson's achievement.Naturally they are above the common error — shared once, I believe,publicly by a president of the UnitedStates — that Johnson's was the firstEnglish dictionary. Sledd and Kolbgive a thorough account of its predecessors and rivals, and show thatvery few of the methods of Johnsonhad not been suggested by hispredecessors. But the time was ripefor a really excellent dictionary, andJohnson with admirable judgmentadapted the various dreams of otherprojectors, who had talked of how tomake a dictionary, but had donenothing but talk. Superior excellencerather than novel methods gave Johnson's work repute. While his twofolio volumes did not put their chiefrival, Bailey's Dictionary (1721 etsq.) out of business, it was a notableachievement.Intrinsic ExcellenceIts intrinsic excellence was at oncerecognized, and it won added recognition from the fact that it was aone-man job. Johnson, to be sure,had helpers, chiefly amanuenses; butthe Dictionary was assuredly and (inview of his self-conscious laziness)astonishingly his own work. Consistently since 1755 it has been regarded as a "prodigy of labour, bothmental and corporeal." Certain defects were of course noted. The etymologies were, for later days whenphilology flourished, weak; the definitions on rare occasions tended topolysyllabic obscurity — though in24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEgeneral the skillful formulation ofdefinitions was Johnson's great talent.What later lexicographers found serviceable in the work is well summarized by Sledd and Kolb:"In Johnson's Dictionary, any hackcould find, among other things, thegreater part of a satisfactory word-list, authoritative spellings, etymologies no worse than the average ofthe day, the best definitions of English words that had yet been written,and a large collection of illustrativequotations. What was so easily available was freely used, and definitionsand quotations from the Johnson stillappear in scholarly and commercialdictionaries of the twentieth century.It is an understatement, however, tosay that a history of hack lexicographers and their uninhibited transcriptions would be a history in whichneither Johnson's nor any other ideasplayed much part." (p. 183).(Incidentally, the last quoted sentence with its multiplicity of half-concealed negatives constitutes thesort of deceptive play that a footballcoach might delight in, but professors should never never cultivate. Itis not the only one of its type in thebook.)"Fixing" The LanguageAt first Johnson had the idea thathis work might serve in "fixing" thelanguage: he wished to standardizeusage in diction, spelling, and in purity of idiom. Sledd and Kolb findhim somewhat deficient in a philosophy of language, but in all his writing he had an ideal of appropriateEnglish usage in diction and syntax.His comments on the diction of Dry-den and Gray are well known, andhis condemnation of Milton's desire"to use English words with a foreignidiom" is notorious. These opinionsimply a concept of English as a language to be purified and standardized, and at first Johnson wished toset standards. Wiser opinions (forlexicography) prevailed and he wascontent to make his Dictionary a register of words and meanings, basedon usage rather than on ideals forthe language.A Famous QuarrelFor those of us who are more interested in Johnson the man than inhim as a lexicographer the episode ofhis quarrel with the famous LordChesterfield, here definitively treated, is most interesting. In 1747 Johnson had published as a quartopamphlet The Plan of a Dictionary . . . Addressed to the . . . Earl of Chesterfield. The dedication to Chesterfield was apparently due to the urgingof the publishers rather than to Johnson's own wish; but thereafter Johnson dutifully attended his lordship'slevee, evidently more than once; andhe was on occasion refused admissionto Chesterfield's house. Neither physically nor sartorially would Johnsonornament a levee, and porters ingreat houses not infrequently refusedadmission to evident petitioners,whose silver did not come easily tohand — i.e. to the porter's hand. Onerecalls the words of an earlier Secretary of State (Craggs) who said ofhis porter: "This is a fellow I keepto keep out every man I wish tosee, and let in every man I hate tosee." One doubts if Chesterfield wasreally eager to see the lexicographer;but he was in no position in 1755 topretend that he had 'countenanced'the new Dictionary. Yet this is precisely what he did pretend; andthereupon Johnson wrote to his lordship the most famous letter everwritten in English. The interpretation of these events given by Sleddand Kolb is undoubtedly right. Theymight have been more courteous tothe amiable if erratic Bonamy Dobree,and they might have strengthenedtheir case by indicating that well before 1755 Chesterfield had a reputation among writers as a promising,pretending patron who graciously didnothing for his "protegees". Swift(who in 1730 asked aid for his CousinLancelot), War burton a decade later,and Smollett (who grieved over hislordship's negligence regarding TheRegicide)— these unquiet souls, andothers, had before 1755 given Chesterfield at a least a dubious reputation as a patron. Johnson's lettersaid what many authors felt — andjustly.Show -StealerThe history of Johnson's Dictionaryis told in learned detail by Sledd andKolb, and much of it makes veryinteresting reading. During the earlypart of this year various universitiesand learned societies from Oxford toCalifornia have reverentially beencelebrating the two -hundredth anniversary of the work. It is no exaggeration to say that the volume bySledd and Kolb has stolen the show.George Sherburn, PhD '15,Professor Emeritus andformer Chairman of theEnglish Department atHarvard University. (Continued from Page 21)China Mission. In March, 1946, President Truman named Mr. Locke as hisspecial assistant to work on governmental reorganization plans. He resigned later that year to return toChase National Bank as a newlyelected vice-president.Special RepresentativeFive years later, in 1951, PresidentTruman appointed him special representative of the Secretary of State,with the personal rank of Ambassador, to coordinate economic and technical assistance in the Near East. Mr.Locke made his headquarters inBeirut, Lebanon, where he remainedfor a year. In connection with hiswork there the Lebanese governmentawarded him its highest decoration,the Order of the Cedars, with therank of Grand Officer.Mr. Locke is also a director of theHarris Trust and Savings Bank andthe Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago, a trustee of the China MedicalBoard of New York, Inc.; a memberof the Council on Foreign Relations,Inc., New York; a National CouncilMember of the American Friends ofthe Middle East, Inc.; a vice-president and director of the Executives'Club of Chicago, and a director ofthe National Multiple Sclerosis Society.POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 210 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, Illinois5487 LAKE PARK AVE.CHICAGO, ILLINOIS&or JCeservailons Gall:BUtterfield 8-4960OCTOBER, 195590Dr. Andras Carson, MD, is a generalpractitioner in Des Moines, Iowa. He is92 years old.00-01Ernest E. Irons, MD '03, PhD '12, hasbeen cited for meritorious service toChicago by the Junior Association ofCommerce and Industry. He is presidentof the board of the Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium, and a former Presidentof the American Medical Association.Herbert P. Zimmermann has retiredfrom his position as vice chairman ofR. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., Chicago.07Carey H. Brown retired from the Eastman Kodak Co. in June, 1954. He andMrs. Brown live on their dairy farm inScottsville, N. Y.Arthur C. Trowbridge, PhD '11, is nowProfessor Emeritus of Geology at theState University of Iowa, Iowa City.09Esther Godshaw Clarke, and her husband, Frank P., of Claremont, Calif.,visited in Europe last fall. This year,they spent the spring in Guadalajara,Mexico. Ada Milam Cockefair and her husband,Edgar, are the authors of "The Story ofYou," a book which explains in simpleterms the story of conception and birthfor children of pre-school and primarygrades level. Mrs. Cockefair, a retiredhigh school physiology teacher, and Mr.Cockefair, a biologist, worked on the bookfor the past five years. They consultedparents, PTA leaders, sociologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, pediatricians,and invited many parents to try the bookon their own children, 4V2 and older, andreport the reactions which they observed.11-12Florence Catlin Brown, (Mrs. MelvilleS.), of Coronado, Calif., is active as aGray Lady in the Coronado Red Crosschapter.Wesley Gewehr, AM '12, PhD '22, ofWashington, D.C, taught a course in history during the summer session at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.Mabel West Barstow, of South Bay,Fla., is a local correspondent for theMiami Herald and the Palm Beach Post.13A. Bedikian, AM '14, DB '15, of Leonia, N.J., is a retired pastor and is nowengaged in literary work.Lois B. Borland, AM, PhD '29, of Gunnison, Colo., has retired from her postas Chairman of the Division of Languageand Literature at Western State College,Gunnison.Kent Chandler, vice chairman of theexecutive committee of A. B. Dick Co.,was elected a director of Marshall Field& Co.14Stefan F. Osusky, JD '15, attended theInternational Congress of Jurists atAthens, Greece, in June. He is a member of the 14-man Commission, whichstudies legal texts and facts from allcountries in an effort to establish apeaceful international order based onlaw.John B. Perlee has moved his Audi-phone Company from Washington, D.C.to San Diego, California, where he isestablished in the Bank of AmericaBuilding and enjoying Southern California climate: ". . . This is one place Ilike."Lydia M. Lee, (Mrs. James W. Pearce),visited the U. S. this summer on a threemonth holiday from her home in Agana,Guam. Mrs. Leonard R. Chapman, (Mildred D.Peabody), writes that her aunt, MissSusan Wade Peabody, PhD '08, of Chicago, has been visiting her in Vista,Calif. Mrs. Chapman spends her leisuretime painting pictures and has exhibitedin various art shows.Thomas E. Cochran, AM, BD '15, andhis wife are now living in Orlando,Florida. Before retiring, he had beenHead of the Department of Psychologyat Centre College (Danville, Ky.) for 23years.George F. Harding, Rush MD'03, enclosed this picture with his1955 gift. It was taken at his 50thReunion in 1953. Dr. Hardingstands at right. Classmates are(standing) Dr. Emil F. Tholin, and(seated) Dr. William S. Morten-sen, who died in 1954. "AlthoughI'm in my 86th year," writes Dr.Harding, "I have fond remembrances of my old Rush days."15John Tyler Smith is a real estatebroker and dealer in Tulsa, Okla.Evelyn Hattis Fox, of Chicago, wasproduction chairman of the StadiumPageant, "Call to Freedom," which celebrated 300 years of American Jewishhistory in April.Clara Dietrich Meloche, of Ann Arbor,Mich., attended the 45th Class Reunionof her husband's class at the Universityof Wisconsin in June. She and her husband, who retired this year after 40years of teaching chemistry at the University of Michigan, plan to attend hernext class reunion at Chicago.Ph.D. Traffic CopFrederick W. Luehring, PhM '07,is a traffic cop at 70-plus. This isnot news because of his age; hebites dog for other interestingreasons.Fred is an international authority on swimming and swimmingpools — with books to prove it. For47 years before retirement fromthe University of Pennsylvania hewas a Professor of Physical Education. For years he held importantpositions on national and Olympicgames levels.When he retired to his home inSwarthmore he had time to interest himself in the younger,younger generation.So now, as a sort of hobby, heputs on a uniform and looks afterthe youngsters as they cross Chester Road at College Avenue. Hedeserts his assignment only at intervals when he attends professional meetings related to hisformer profession.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE16Guy T. Buswell, AM, PhD '20, is Professor of Educational Psychology at theUniversity of California, Berkeley.17Lillian Barbour, AM '28, of Chicago,is a student advisor at Roosevelt University (Chicago), and teaches English tothe foreign born.Howard E. Jensen, PhD '20, has beenappointed a member of the three-mansteering committee of the Duke University Council on Gerontology.Dunlap C. Clark, Richmond, Calif., isvice chairman of the board and a director of the Central Valley Bank ofCalifornia.Colena Michael Anderson, (Mrs. ElamJ.), AM, is teaching at Linfield College,McMinnville, Oregon.Albert Pick, Jr., was named HotelMan of the Year at the Midwest HotelShow which was held at the PalmerHouse, Chicago, in March.ISArthur L. Beeley, AM, PhD '25, wasawarded an honorary Doctor of Lawsat commencement ceremonies at theUniversity of Utah in June. Dr. Beeley,Dean of the Graduate School of SocialWork and head of the Department ofSociology at Utah, has a world-widereputation as a criminologist and penologist.19Ernest E. Leisy, AM, of Dallas, Texas,teaches American Literature at SouthernMethodist University in Dallas.20Mrs. Homer E. Turner, (Emma M. Mc-Credie), is a founder-member and resident in the first national residence forretired teachers at Ojai, Calif. The project is sponsored by the National RetiredTeachers Assn., of which Dr. Ethel PercyAndrus, PhB '03, is president.Helen Nicklaus Stark, of New YorkCity, is an associate editor of BetterHomes & Gardens, and Successful Farming.Buel Hutchinson of Tucson, Arizona,missed his 35th reunion in June becausehis son, Ned, was being graduated fromStanford and his daughter, Ann, and hernew husband, David Gordon, were backfrom Beirut, after three years.21Radzia M. B. Jankowski, (Mrs. E.Niewiarowski), of Chicago, teaches foreign adults in the Americanization Department of the Chicago Board ofEducation. Henry C. Sweany, MD, is the Directorof Research, Pathology and Allied Sciences at Missouri State Sanatorium, Mt.Vernon, Mo.22Alfred W. Brickman, president of theIllinois Meat Co., was recently elected tothe board of directors of the DroversNational Bank and its affiliate, DroversTrust and Savings Bank, Chicago.Quaesita C. Drake, PhD, of Newark,Delaware, retired this year after 38 yearsof teaching at the University of Delaware, Newark.Sidney French is Dean of the Collegeat Rollins College, Winter Park, Fla.Wilbur E. Wolfe is the vice presidentand secretary of Pullman, Inc. in Wilmington, Del.C. J. Warden, PhD, now lives in Orm-ond Beach, Fla. He retired from his postat Columbia University (New York) inJune.23Margaret Eulass Heflin and her husband, Albert, are the owners of the SSMotel, on Highway 99, just south ofDuns Muir, California.Amos Alonzo Stagg, Jr., AM '35, andhis wife, Arvilla Meyer, were back oncampus in June for reunion with classmates, friends, and Dad and MotherStagg, from Stockton, California. Lonnie,Jr., is on the faculty at SusquehannaUniversity in Pennsylvania.24Agnes Adams of Chicago, is servingwith the American Education Team inKorea. She writes that: "Conditions aregreatly improved in methods in primaryeducation since I worked Jiere in 1948."Edward Lyon Compere, MD '27, waselected chairman of the Beloit CollegeBoard of Trustees at the board's springmeeting in Rochester, Minn.Rev. James P. Craft, of Rome, Ga.,celebrated his seventieth birthday onJune 14. He is writing a book on religious philosophy.Louise Lanphear, of Chicago, spent sixweeks this spring in Japan visiting theInternational Christian University.25Harry Brandman, MD '30, lives inGary, Ind., with his wife, Rochelle, andtwo children, Lynn Carol, 9, and JimmieFranklin, 6.M. M. Evans, JD, of Oklahoma City,has been promoted to Regional TitleSupervisor for Continental Oil Co.'s central region land section.26Louise Abernathy lives in Pulaski,Tennessee. She writes that she has beena victim of Parkinson's Disease for 35years. atomicowerENGINEERS!SCIENTISTS!Join WESTINGHOUSE in the researchand development of nuclear reactorsfor commercial power plants andfor the propulsion of naval vessels.PHYSICISTSMATHEMATICIANSMECHANICAL ENGINEERSMETALLURGISTSNUCLEAR ENGINEERSRADIO CHEMISTSNew! WestinghouseFellowship Program... in conjunction with the Universityof Pittsburgh. This new Westinghouseprogram enables qualified candidates to attain their M.S. and Ph.D.degrees WHILE ON FULL PAY.SALARIES OPENAmple housing availablein modern suburban com*munity 15 minutes fromour new plant. Idealworking conditions. Excellent pension plan. Education program. Health& Life Insurance.1st **AtomicPovier. Send Complete Resume To:MR. A. M. JOHNSTONWESTINGHOUSE BETTIS PLANTP.O. Box 1468Pittsburgh 30, Penna.OCTOBER, 1955 27Clara Axie Dyer, AM, of Nashville,Tenn., is on leave from her regularteaching post at Cumberland University,Lebanon, Tenn. She is writing and doing research work in speech and drama.Elizabeth Oppenheimer Cohn, of Portland, Oregon, writes that she and herhusband, Daniel, '26, are "raising roses,fishing, and loaning money as an officialwith Securities, Inc."27Andrew M. MacMahon, PhD, announces the arrival of his first grandchild, Brian S. Aldrich, born April 6 inLexington, Mass.Edith K. Rambar, (Mrs. Emery G.Grimm), spent three months in Europelast spring making a survey for CarsonPirie Scott & Co. Her trip ". . . wasmost exciting and included everythingfrom opening a department store inSpain on Easter, when not even an automobile could travel on the streets ofBarcelona, to buying out the glasses ina cafe in a medieval town on the FrenchRiviera."Herbert N. Blakeway, AM '28, has retired from his career of both "preachingand teaching," and now makes his homein Le Mars, Iowa.28Katherine E. Miller Parry, of Chicago,teaches basic business training at HydePark High Schol, where she was once astudent.LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERPENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEHYIAND A. NOLANCONTRACTORPLASTERINGREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. LAKE PARK AVE.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579 Howard R. Anderson, AM, of Rochester, N.Y., edited "Approaches to an Understanding of World Affairs," the 25thyearbook of the National Council forSocial Studies.Janet D. Scott, AM, is an assistanteditor of the Encyclopedia of ChemicalTechnology in Brooklyn, N.Y.Captain Carl A. Nylund, AM '32, isChaplain of the 3rd Transportation Railway Command in Korea.The Williams spirit'"Phrough rough water or smooth the¦*• University has always been thegreatest in the hearts of the Williamsfamily.This spirit began with mother (Evangeline Pollard Williams, '98) and dad(Edward M., '03) who arrived on theMidway almost in time for the launching.Every one of their five daughtersmoved through the University with toprecords and enthusiasm. Now the thirdgeneration is beginning to drift in.Since the death of Edward in 1949 thespark of this family loyalty has beenmother-grandmother Evangeline. Retiredand in poor health (which never showsin her letters), she lives at Pacific Homein Los Angeles.A letter from her in July told, withenthusiasm, about her grandson, Gordon. In his sophomore year at our Laboratory School, Gordon passed the Collegecompetitive examinations and won anhonor scholarship. He finally turned itdown in favor of remaining in the Laboratory School where he is now president of the student council.Grandmother adds that three othergrandchildren are stopping in Chicago"for a day's visit with Gordon- — the firstvisit of the third generation to the campus."And then the touch of nostalgia: "Iam asking Gordon to give them a drinkof water from my Class fountain ('98)in front of the Physics Building; thenthey can have a rest on grandfather's CBench ('03), to be followed by a mealat the Commons. Then, after seeing theflooding of the Chapel with light (whichshe has seen only in our magazine picture) . . . they will have lasting memories of the campus dear to their family."This is the Williams spirit of Chicago.29Garfield V. Cox, PhD, Robert LawProfessor of Finance in the University'sSchool of Business, was elected a trusteeof Earlham College, Richmond, Ind., inAugust 1954.Edwarda Williams White, AM '35,widow of Wilbur W. White, AM '29, PhD'35, has resigned as Dean of Women atthe University of Southern California.In August she married Birney Mills VanSchoten, an international lawyer of NewYork City. Sherman H. Eoff, PhD, has been promoted to the rank of Professor ofRomance Languages at WashingtonUniversity, St. Louis, Mo.Eugene J. Rosenbaum, PhD '33, a former staff member of the Chemistry Department is now head of the Spectroscopy Section, Analytical Division, atSun Oil Co.'s Research and DevelopmentLab at Norwood, Pa.Vesta C. Burris, (Mrs. Clinton E.), isDean of Women at Morningside Collegein Sioux City, Iowa.30Katherine L. Madison Riddle is livingin Highland Park, 111. Her husband,Hugh, is president of Midway Airlines.Viola Somerville Bond and husband,Cyril Bond, have their own six-roomranch-type home in Des Plaines wherethey "love the back-fence neighboring"and where Cyril is popular with everyone because of his "electronics hobbyand all his flxit equipment."Edmonia Grider, of Institute, W. Va.,will resume teaching at Delaware StateCollege, Dover, Del., this fall.31David L. Tressler, has been electedvice president of American Mutual Reinsurance Co., Chicago. Mr. Tressler, amember of the Illinois bar since 1936,has been active in the insurance fieldsince 1942.Richard P. Swigart, of Washington,D.C, has been named director of theNational Association for Mental Health.He was formerly National campaign director for the American Red Cross.Boyd B. Burnside, AM '47, of Tampa,Fla., is Dean of Men at the Universityof Tampa.Doris Dalton, 10, daughter of DonaldH. Dalton and Irene Martin, is impressing the Chevy Chase, Md., junior worldwith the Coquelin Sun a communitynewspaper which she edits. Dailies thatignore the measles, birthday parties, andsnake-capturing are scooped by the Sun— which sells for one cent and has acirculation of 250. Dad, a Washingtonlawyer, and mother have no voice onthe paper but are permitted to takenews items over the telephone.Miriam Beames, daughter of SinahKitzing Beames of Oakland, California,was awarded a General Motors scholarship — in competition with 14,000 highschool seniors. Miriam was editor of herhigh school paper and active in otherPiedmont High School student affairs.She will attend Bryn Mawr with thehope of coming to Chicago for graduatework later.Marcus Block, MD, has been appointedassociate attending dermatologist at Columbus Hospital, Newark, N. J.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHubert Limpus, AM, PhD '37, is President of the Michigan Council of Teachers of English. He is Professor of Englishat Western Michigan College, Kalamazoo,and has been a member of the facultysince 1947.Charles H. Davis, JD, is a member ofthe Illinois Supreme Court.32Staencer D. Albright, Jr., AM, of Rich-mond, Va., writes that his son, SpencerD., Ill, a Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Richmond, will enter theMedical College of the University of Virginia in September, "after a one-yearcome-back (but still with braces andcrutches) from a severe polio case."33Koswell H. Whitman, PhD, and hiswife, (Mary E. McKeon, PhB '31), areliving in Karachi, Pakistan, where he isEconomic Counsellor in the U. S. Embassy and Deputy Director of the foreignaid program.Kaymond D. Meade, AM, returned tothe U. S. last spring after serving fouryears as a cultural assistant attached tothe American Embassy in Thailand. Mr.Meade is Director of Cooperative Education, the summer school, and the extension program at Illinois Institute ofTechnology, Chicago.Samuel I. Weissman, PhD '38, has beenpromoted to Professor of Chemistry atWashington University, St. Louis, Mo.John G. Albright, PhD, has retiredfrom his position as head of the Department of Physics at the University ofRhode Island, Kingston, R. I.Claude H. Ewing, Professor of Industrial Arts at the University of Hawaii,was one of seventeen visiting professorswho were added to the Western Michigan College (Kalamazoo, Mich.) facultyfor the 1955 summer session.34Lester L. Hasenbush, SB, is a ClinicalAssociate in Psychiatry at HarvardMedical School, where he has taughtsince 1953.Robert D. Gaertner is sales directorfor the Tilton Homes Corporation inRochelle, Illinois. His home is in Rockford.Edwin M. Duerbeck, AM '35, of NewYork City, is a foreign service officer inthe State Department, stationed in Bonn,Germany, where he has met John H.Moore, '33, AM '36, John E. Devine, AM'35, and Robert A. Brown, '46.Harry L. Buncombe, of Bethesda, Md.,is a government economist.Br. William B. Tucker, MD, of Durham, N. C, is chief of the medical service at the Veteran's Administration Hospital and a Professor of Medicine atDuke University's School of Medicine. **««lH*|t**cut from the finest British woollensBROOKS BROTHERS OWN MAKEREADY-MADE CLOTHINGStarting with an outstanding selection of handsomeBritish woollens (many designed by us and wovenexclusively for us) . . . continuing with our distinctivestyles... to the hand-detailing by our own experttailors . . . every detail of our own make suits, topcoatsand sportwear reflects our quality and good taste.Add the fact that we are "makers-and-merchants-in-one" and you have the reasons why these clothesare, we believe, the finest values obtainable in thefield of mens ready-made clothing.35Dorothy Norton Smith and her husband, Kenneth M., MD '37, are living inGarden Grove, Calif. They have threesons, ages 14, 8 and 5, and are activein a number of civic affairs.Rachel H. Cummings is teaching in theRockford, 111., public school system.J. Lloyd Trump, AM, PhD '43, Urbana,111., served as a Fulbright Lecturer inPakistan last year.Clara Margaret Morley Rathbun is living in Westerly, R. I., with her husbandand three sons, David, 12, Lawrence, 9,and Herbert W., Ill, 6. "Hobbies: Livinga New England rural life — boating —last year barricading for Carol and Edna— and small boys."Dr. Frederic E. Caldwell, PhD '43, isengaged in the private practice of medicine in Fort Walton Beach, Florida.Robert A. Hall, Jr., AM, is the authorof the book "Hands Off Pidgin English,"published by Pacific Publications Ltd.,Sydney, New South Wales.Walter E. Clark, of Omaha, Nebraska,has been awarded a John Hay WhitneyFellowship for a year's study at Yale.He will study the Greek classics and theliterature and philosophy of France andGermany.36Alice Seefor Gordon, of Chicago, is avocational counsellor at Phillip's HighSchool, Chicago. Her son, Michael, '52,JD '55, graduated from the Law Schoolin June.Carl L. Byerly, AM, PhD '46, of Clayton, Mo., is Assistant Superintendent ofSchools in Clayton. He has taught inthe Graduate School of Education atWashington University (St. Louis, Mo.)for the past seven summers.37J. Edward Moseley, AM, of Indianapolis, Ind., is the author of a new book,"Disciples of Christ in Georgia," and ofa revised edition of "Using Drama in theChurch," now in its sixth printing.RAND McNALLY & COMPANYConkey DivisionBook and CatalogPrinters and BindersCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEW YORKCHICAGO ADDRESSING COMPANYComplete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING-LETTERPRESS & OFFSETProcessed Letters * Copy PreparationImprinting • Typewriting * AddressingAddressographing * Folding * MailingQUALITY-ACCURACY-SPEED722 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561 39Miss Frances Powell, '36, recently appointed director of theCook County School of Nursing,has been awarded the BishopMedal by Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. The medal is for meritorious service to the community,state or nation.Miss Powell, a member of theAlumni Association Cabinet, is theonly graduate of Cook CountySchool of Nursing to work upthrough the ranks to top position.She is also president of the IllinoisNurses' Association.Walter S. Crewson, SM, is Superintendent of Schools in Levittown, N. Y.Kenneth M. Smith, MD, chief of pulmonary diseases services at the LongBeach (Calif.) Veteran's Hospital, isnow on leave from his post and is inprivate practice of internal medicine inSanta Ana, Calif.Julian A. Kiser, an Indianapolis investment broker, was elected treasurerof the National Community RelationsAdvisory Council at a meeting in Atlantic City, N. J., in June.38Margaret Pease Harper, AM, lives inCanyon, Texas, where her husband ishead of the Language Department atWest Texas State College.C. Sharpless Hickman is public relations director of the Los Angeles Bureau of Music and the Municipal ArtsDepartment. He is also a music criticand reviewer for various publications inthe Los Angeles area.Leona Becker, AM, of Paterson, N. J.,has been elected president of the Councilof State Employees, a state-wide organization of N. J. employees. She is thefirst woman to hold this office in thestate.Roy Dubisch, SM '40, PhD '43, ofFresno, Calif., is Chairman of the Mathematics Department at Fresno State College. He is the author of a trigonometrytext published in February by the Ronald Press. Robert A. Lad, SM '41, PhD '46, wasawarded The National Association ofCorrosion Engineers Junior Award for1954. He is a chemist at the NACALewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory,Cleveland.Robert A. Kronemyer, AM '47, of SanDiego, Calif., has moved his law practice from Chicago's Loop to San Diego'sLa Jolla. He writes that "HoraceGreeley's advice could never have beenmore correct."William M. Brandt, JD '41, has openedhis own law office in the Field Building,Chicago.Lawrence C. Noderer works with acombustion engineering firm in NewYork City.40The Rev. William A. Karraker, PhD, ofChicago, is the author of a new book,"The Bible in Questions and Answers,"published by David McKay Co. of NewYork.William C. Rogers, AM '41, PhD '43,and his wife, Mary Anderson Rogers, '41,AM '48, live in Minneapolis, Minn., withtheir three daughters, Shelley, Faith, andMary Sarah.Phyllis Johnson Lovgren, AM '50, andhusband Eric, '47, of Park Forest, 111.,welcomed a third youngster to the family last April. Phyllis is a member ofthe Senate of the College Division of theAlumni Association.Erminnie H. Bartelmez, AM, is Assistant Dean of Flora Stone Mather College, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. A previous issue of theMagazine erroneously reported that shehad been named dean. She is an Assistant Professor of German, and alsoteaches two courses in Russian.41Major Edward V. Cerny won top honors in the national pistol match courseconducted by the 3rd Battalion of the3rd Infantry Division at Fort Benning,Ga. Major Cerny is Operations and Intelligence officer with Headquarters Co.,3rd Bn., of the 3rd Infantry Division.Woman of the YearMiss Winnie V. Turner, '34, ofBlytheville, Arkansas, was named"Woman of the Year" by Blythe-ville's Beta Sigma Phi chapters.The award was made in April at adinner held in honor of MissTurner.As a result of an area-wide crusade she led against obscene andhorror literature, especially incomic books, a city ordinance anda state statute have been passedwhich ban the sale of such literature.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJohn P. Jefferson, with his wife Anne-lie, was a campus visitor in May on briefleave from his position with Radio FreeEurope in Germany.Dr. Alfred P. Kraus, MD, has beengranted a year's leave of absence fromhis work at the University of Tennessee,Memphis. He will become a visitingAssistant Professor of Hematology at theUniversity of Indonesia, Jakarta, Republic of Indonesia.42Ann E. Ewing, of Washington, D. C, isa reporter, specializing in the fields ofastronomy, physics and geophysics.Saul Levin, PhD '49, has been promoted to Associate Professor of Classicsat Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.43Carl C. Magdsick, Jr., MD, is an anesthesiologist in Sioux Falls, S. C.Wayne Gasper, of Memphis, Tenn., isemployee relations supervisor for Kimberly-Clark Corp.Raymond E. Troyer, AM, PhD '51, is afaculty member of Eastern Montana College of Education, Billings, Montana.45John W. Bokman, SM '49, PhD '51, ofOswego, 111., is on active duty with theU. S. Army.Dr. Frederick Wezeman has resignedas chief librarian of the Oak Park PublicLibrary to accept a position as AssociateProfessor of Library Science at the University of Minnesota. He will begin hisnew job on September 1.Harold Bernhard, PhD, of Cedar Falls,Iowa, was elected president of the National Association of College and University Chaplains at a meeting on thecampus in April.Sigurd E. Johnsen, MD, is a residentphysician of radiology at Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pa.Hartley C. Ray, DB, is the first full-time minister for the newly organizedNorth Shore Unitarian Fellowship. Thegroup's services are held every Sundayat the Highland Park Masonic Temple.The Rev. Ray and his wife, Alice KunzRay, AM '45, live in Oak Park, 111.46Richard James Podolsky, PhD '52, aResearch Fellow at University College,London, England, and Elga L. Putschar,'53, were married on January 9.Eugene P. Edwinn is back in practicewith the law firm of Wasserman and George R. Taylor, '21, PhD '29,Chairman of the American StudiesProgram at Amherst College, Amherst, Mass., will spend the academic year 1955-56 on leave fromthe College and will work on aproject under a grant from theCarnegie Corporation.He will spend about one semester making an evaluation of theAmerican Studies Program at Amherst College and six or eightother institutions, and will writea history of the program, whichhe introduced at Amherst. Dr. andMrs. Taylor hope to spend the remainder of his leave, a sabbaticalfrom the College, in the Caribbeanarea.Shagan, New York City, after spendingtwo years in the Army at Fort Bragg,N. C.47Walcott H. Beatty, AM, PhD '52, is anAssociate Professor of Education at SanFrancisco State College. He is marriedto Gloria B. Schiller, '45.Dr. Raymond N. Kjellberg, SB '49, MD'52, has been appointed a Research Fellow in Surgery at Harvard MedicalSchool. Dr. Kjellberg will also be affiliated with the Department of Neurosurgery of Massachusetts General Hospital.Henry L. Stern, JD '50, is associatedwith the law firm of M. Mac Schwebel,New York City.David Milstein, AM '50, was marriedto Barbara J. Wells April 10 in Atlanta,Ga. Aynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts. Silverware.Golden Dirilyte(formerly Dirigold)FLATWARE & HOLLOW WAREWhole sets and open stockCOMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, III.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkSince 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.ZJheLxcluilve Cleaner iWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERV ICEPark Blvd.1331 East 57th St. 5319 HydeMidway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608OCTOBER, 1955 31BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380TheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake — FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur Specialtyalumni are alwayswelcome at theHotel Del PradoFifty-Third Street andHyde Park BoulevardHYde Park 3-9600B-Z AUTOMOTIVECOMPLETE FRONT SYSTEM CHECK ANDESTIMATE: $1.50 (APPLIED TO REPAIRBILL). QUALITY BODY AND FENDERWORK AT REASONABLE RATES: FREEESTIMATE. LUBRICATION AND ROADSERVICE. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONSADIUSTED-REPAIRED.MOTOR TUNE-UP SPECIALAIR FILTER AND PLUGS CLEANED • TESTVOLUME AND PRESSURE IN FUEL PUMP •TEST COIL • SET TIMING AND CARBURETOR • COMPRESSION CHECK • POINTSAND CONDENSER INSTALLED • 6 CYLINDERS $5.50, MOST 8'S $6.50 PLUS PARTS.MOTOR AND CLUTCH OVERHAULINGBRAKES ADJUSTED AND REUNEDDO 3-0100 • 5547 HARPER AVE.HotelsWindermereImmediate proximityto The University ofChicagoFINESTACCOMMODATIONSAND DINING ROOMSFRONTING ON JACKSON PARK1642 EAST 56th STREETFAirfax 4-6000 TV Religious LecturesHuston C. Smith, PhD '45, delivered a series of 15 lectures onthe "Religions of Man" over theSt. Louis (Mo.) educational television station KETC. The lectures,which could be taken for collegecredits, covered the world's greatliving religions. The origins ofHinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Judaism, Islam, andChristianity, both Catholic andProtestant, and their effect on history and today's generationsformed an integral part of the lectures.Dr. Smith, an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Washington University, is married to theformer Eleanor B. Wieman, '43.Dr. Fred Berthold, Jr., DB, PhD '54, isHead of the Department of Philosophyand Religion at Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H.Dr. John S. Kafka is a Resident Physician in Psychiatry at Yale. His wife, Dr.Marian Stern Kafka, PhD '52, is a staffmember of the Department of InternalMedicine at Yale.Robert A. Nottenburg, AM, PhD '50,has been appointed Assistant Dean ofthe Faculty of the International Correspondence Schools, Scranton, Pa. He is aformer Director of Alumni Education atthe University of Chicago.Lawrence Reiser, AM '51, has been appointed Executive Secretary of theMichael Reese Medical Research Institute, Chicago.Alvin W. Skardon, Jr., AM, has resigned his position as Foreign StudentAdviser at the University. He will spendthe coming year working on his doctoraldissertation.George M. Davies, MD '52, of Norwalk,Calif., is a second year resident in psychiatry at Metropolitan State Hospital,Norwalk. He was recently married toJune Henderson.Dr. Robert Edwalds, SB '48, MD '53,and his wife, Mary Jane Phillips Edwalds, '49, live in Northville, Mich., withtheir three children.48Channing H. Lushbough, AM '52, hasbeen awarded a National Science Foundation Fellowship for 1955-56 for thestudy of the utilization of amino acidsby rats. The work is being carried onin the laboratories of the American MeatInstitute Foundation and the Committeeon Home Economics. He and his wife,Eloise Turner Lushbough, '48, MA '50,live in Chicago.George Braden, executive vice president of the San Francisco Junior Chamber of Commerce, was an official observerat the United Nations CommemorativeSession at San Francisco in June.George is with the Home Life InsuranceCo. in New York. Robert A. Adams, AM '52, was marriedto Ann Manzuk on August 20. He is assistant to the president of the ChicagoTeacher's Union.William H. Samuels, PhB, AB '54, andhis wife, Suzanne G., announce the arrival of a son, Eugene Robert, bornMarch 7 at Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago.Pierce Bray, MBA '49, is a consultantwith Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Chicago.Joan Gansberg and Donald J. Yellon,JD, will be married Oct. 1 in BondChapel. She has been with the NationalAssociation of Housing and Redevelopment Officials. He is with the Chicagolaw firm of d'Ancona, Pflaum, Wyatt andRiskind.Henry Stubbins, AM, formerly secretary of the Community Chests and Councils Division of the Canadian WelfareCouncil, Ottawa, Canada, is executivedirector of the Ottawa CommunityChest.Irvin Sobel, PhD '51, has been promoted to Associate Professor of Economics at Washington University, St. Louis,Mo.Dr. Theodore H. Meltzer, PhD, hasjoined the research staff of Electric Storage Battery Co., Philadelphia, Pa. Dr.Meltzer is a specialist in polymerization,the process of changing physical properties of chemical compounds.AJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, LA 2-8354BESTB0ILERREPAIR&WELDIN6C0.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWho's to paythe cost ofeducation? ?\Y/HATEVER t^e Plan> tnere must be more support per personVV and per corporation. We'll all just have to dig a little deeper.In recent years, our bill for organized education in all categorieshas been running at less than 4% of the Gross National Product.With predicted growth in our national output, if we can increaseonly a little the percentage spent on education, our needs will bemet."Under the Corporate Alumnus Program, the General ElectricEducational and Charitable Fund matches up to $1,000 donatedby employees to their alma maters. This concept is based uponthe belief that the individual decisions of thousands will form asound basis for widespread support of education . . . The responsibility of the alumni group is, I believe, to sell the idea that in afree economy in the long run it is desirable that the real cost ofeducation be borne by the individual who gets the education andbenefits from it."*— PHILIP D. REED,Chairman of the Board of Directors, General Electric CompanyHow far canour aid toeducation go? ?rpins approach (Corporate Alumnus Program) is only a start.X But it is rooted in the recognition that you and I can't longercontinue to run a progressive and productive school system on acharity basis. I will answer the question as to who should pay fora college education by offering the cold-nosed conclusion that ina free economy in the long run it both should be, and rightfullycan be, the man who gets the education ; and that should be madeclear to him the day he starts to get it."Of course, we also favor business support, for business drawsmany of its ablest profit-making human resources from your institutions. We must examine such support, however, instance by instance, and never let it slide into any license to dictate policy or torestrict academic activities ably conceived by courageous andlevel-headed educators who are truly alert to both the challengesand the opportunities of the economy and the society in whichthey live."*— HAROLD F. SMIDDY,Vice President, Management Consultation Services, General ElectricWhat obligationdoes analumnus have? ?TS it such a revolutionary idea that the real cost of education beJ_ borne by the individual who gets that education and benefitsfrom it? Not necessarily across the barrel head, not necessarily allat once, and not necessarily even under certain sets of circumstances. But I submit that it is an unhealthy idea for an individualto expect society to pay his education bill, any more than to expectsociety to pay for his food, clothing, shelter, hospitalization, vacations, and ultimately for the education of his children and grandchildren, too."One of the first things that business babes in the educationwoods learned was that practically nobody pays the real cost ofhis education. One reason is that he is never asked to pay it. Wehave acknowledged that the organization of which an individualis a part shares the benefits, and we are willing to help pay thebill — but this is a joint undertaking."*— KENNETH G. PATRICK,Manager, Educational Relations, General Electric?For free copies of any of thecomplete talks from which theseremarks were taken, write to Edw-cational Relations, Dept. 2-119 9General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York, Tfygress /s Our Most Important ProductGENERAL UlELECTRICOCTOBER, 1955 33Mary Bigford Brett (Mrs. John J., Jr.),of Packanack Lake, N. J., has resignedafter five years of teaching and directinga nursery school.Edwin J. Stillings, AM, PhD '52 andMary Lawrence Stillings, BS '51, arethe parents of a son, James Mason, bornJanuary 21, in Springfield, Mo. Dr.Stillings is Dean of Men at Drury College, Springfield.Joseph L. Fearing, AM '53, of Tampa,Fla., has been appointed an elementaryschool principal in Hellsborough County, Fla.Frank Dunkel, of Hollywood, Calif., isthe merchandise and sales promotionmanager of the Baskin-Robbins IceCream Co. of Burbank, Calif.49Dr. Haynes McMullen, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Library Science atthe University of Indiana.James E. McKeown, PhD, has beenpromoted to Associate Professor of Sociology at DePaul University, Chicago.Dan Kletnick, AM, of Park Forest, 111.,is teaching at the Harvard School, Chicago.Francis L. Egan, Jr., SB '51, is employed in the research department ofBauer and Black, Chicago.Alan D. Rapp, MD '54, is a resident ininternal medicine at Illinois Research &Education Hospitals, Chicago. He writesthat he and his wife, Marjorie L. Green Rotary PresidentWilliam S. Hedges, '18, vice-president of the National Broadcasting Co., was elected Presidentof the Rotary Club of New Yorkat its annual meeting in May.A native of Elmwood, 111., hewas an officer in the aviation section of the Signal Corps duringWorld War I. Before enteringbroadcasting, he was a reporter forthe Chicago Daily News and established that paper's radio department in March, 1922.Mr. Hedges joined- NBC in 1931as manager of WMAQ, NBC's radio station in Chicago. In 1937, hewas elected vice-president incharge of station relations andtraffic, and is now in charge ofintegrated services. 50Rapp, '51, AM '54, are "kept well-occupied trying to keep up with nine -month-old Jeffrey," who finds the University ofChicago Magazine "extremely tasty!"Alexander Wilde, MBA, and Mrs.Wilde celebrated their first wedding anniversary on May 30. He is the manager of the statistical department of BlueCross and Blue Shield in Chicago.Michael E. Blaw, MD '54, and HelenPeters Blaw announce the arrival of adaughter, Laura Anne, born at ChicagoLying-in Hospital on February 21. Julius R. Lewis, AM '54, a first yearstudent at Yale Law School, has beenelected to the editorial board of theYale Law Journal.Charles E. Bidwell, AM '53, is completing work for his PhD in the Department of Education, and is assisting withsome classes in the department.Milton T. Erickson, MBA '53, is in thearmy. He was in the trenches duringthe Nevada atomic tests last spring. Heis "learning to get along with all typesof individuals" and looking forward tohis return to the "hallowed halls" nextMarch upon his release from service.Emmet V. Mittlebeeler, AM, PhD '51,is a director at the American Universityin Washington, D. C.Frances Barr Curtis, (Mrs. LeRoy H.),AM, of North Waldboro, Maine, has "leftteaching of nursing for the busy life ofthe wife of a student pastor. Two littlechurches in Maine will be home for uswhile LeRoy is at Boston University'sSchool of Theology."Captain Ann C. Downey, MBA, has leftFort Monroe, Va., for duty in Germany.Louise I. Chamberlin, AM, of Washington, D. C, is a member of the staffof Senator Warren G. Magnuson.Joe U. Streeter, MBA, is the owner ofan oil and natural gas company in Calgary, Canada.HINDE & DAUCH34 Division of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company13 FACTORIES AND 40 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE— andBy THEMSELVES, these two liquids flow as freely aswater. Yet when poured together they quickly turn intoa solid — harder than many metals.THESE AMAZING LIQUIDS which become a solid,without applying heat or pressure, are man-made chemicals—one called a resin, the other a curing agent. Thechemists have coined the name, epoxy, for the resultingplastic.FROM YOUR KITCHEN to the automobile plant, youwill find epoxies now at work. In the latest tableware,they seal knife blades in their handles, keeping themeverlastingly tight.Epoxies are being used to make huge dies to stampout automobile parts, airplane wing sections, and othervaried shapes. These dies can be made in little morethan half the time it takes to make all-metal dies, andat substantial savings, too. Gases and Plastics. Write for booklet F-2.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET HUN NEW YORK 17, N. Y.In Canada : Union Carbide Canada LimitedBakelite, Vinylite, and Krene PlasticsSynthetic Organic Chemicals Linde SiliconesDynel Textile Fibers ELECTROMET Alloys and MetalsJJCOs Trade-marked Products include Pyrofax Gas PREST-O-LlTE Acetylene EVEREADY Flashlights and BatteriesPRESTONE Anti-Freeze LiNDE Oxygen ACHESON ElectrodesHaynes Stellite Alloys Union Carbide National CarbonsOCTOBER, 1955 35Walter B. Schilling is the City Planning Director of Warren, Ohio.Oscar Sandus, SM, of Chicago, receivedhis PhD in chemistry from Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, in June. Heis an Assistant Chemist at Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, 111.51Robert P. Anderson, AM, PhD '54, isassociated with the Department of Psychology, Texas Technological College,Lubbock, Texas.George K. Herbert, AM, is executiveassistant of the Welfare Federation ofCleveland, Ohio. Mr. Herbert was formerly a research assistant with the Community Council of Houston and HarrisCounty, Texas.Charles M. Herzfeld, PhD, is a consultant to the Chief of the Heat andPower Division of the National Bureauof Standards. Prior to joining the bureau, he was with the Naval ResearchLab, Washington, D. C. and the BallisticsResearch Lab, Aberdeen ProvingGround, Maryland.Matthew S. Meselson, of Los Angeles,a chemistry student at California Insti?tute of Technology, has been selected bythe National Science Foundation, Washington, D. C, to receive a predoctoralfellowship in the natural sciences for the1955-56 academic year.Charles M. Cullen, MBA, is living inAnn Arbor, Mich., where he is a financial analyst with the Ford Motor Co.Elihu Bergman, AM, is an organization and methods analyst in the ForeignOperations Administration, Washington,D. C.James T. Googe, Jr., MBA, is a Hospital^ Administrator at the Navajo Medical Center, Ft. Defiance, Ariz..Dwight M. Cramer, AM, of Washington, D. C, is* a foreign affairs officer inthe State Department.Walter H. Seitzer, SM, received hisPhD from Princeton in 1954, and is nowa research chemist with the Sun Oil Co.in Marcus Hook, Pa. He and his wife,Marianne Stuk Seitzer, '50, live in Prospect Park, Pa. with their ten-month-oldson, Christopher.52Gordon H. S. Scott, a second yearstudent at Harvard Law School, has distinguished himself in arguing in thequarter-finals of the Ames Competition,a series of elimination arguments bysmall groups of law students organizedinto law clubs. Last year he was electedvice president of the Harvard LawSchool Civil Liberties Union.Allen B. Janger, last year's editor ofthe Maroon, was awarded a scholarshipby the Chicago branch of the EnglishSpeaking Union which he is using tostudy at the London School of Economics. He plans to write his master's thesisin England. Allen was a member of ourStudent-Alumni Committee, master of ceremonies at last February's AlumniOpen House, and was awarded a StudentAchievement Medal by the Alumni Association in 1954.Joanne Leona Ramer and Ens. DavidP. Karcher, '53, were married March 4in the U. S. Naval Hospital Chapel inNewport, R. I.Linda Argiry, AM, of Canton, Ohio,spent a month in Mexico last spring.Northrup Simpson, MBA, of Chicago,was discharged from the Army last yearand is now with the trust department ofthe First National Bank of Chicago.Morton Isaacs received his AM in psychology from Columbia University inMay.53Joan S. Brennard, New York City, wasmarried June 12 to Philip H. Kramer.Leonard J. Felzenberg, of South Orange, N. J., graduated from New YorkUniversity's Law School in June. He ispracticing in Newark, N. J., with thefirm of Roskein and Laird.When Helen Simpson was on campusshe was a student leader and active inall manner of student affairs — includingour Student- Alumni Committee. Shereturned to her home town, Cleveland,and joined the continuity acceptancestaff of NBC's station WTAM. The RCABATON magazine recently paid tributeto Helen in an illustrated front pagestory: ". . . She is referred to as a combination watchdog, stop-watch, diplomatand teletype operator." Helen's fatherGordon H. Simpson, '21, died suddenlyin June. Her mother, Helen E. McWor-ter, '18, lives in Cleveland, Ohio.Ensign T. Aldrich Finegan, AM, isserving as ship's store officer on theU. S. S. Sperry, in San Diego, Calif.Archibald V. Smith, MBA, of Hinsdale,111., was appointed executive vice-president of the Lincoln-Schlueter Floor Machinery Co., Chicago, in May.Thomas Farr, PhD, of Chicago, isteaching at the Wilson branch of theChicago city junior colleges. He helpedwrite a new social science text book,"Social Science: An Introduction to theStudy of Society" which was publishedby MacMillan.54Marvin C. Rintala has been awarded aFulbright Scholarship for study in Finland. He will study Finnish ForeignEconomic Policy at the University ofHelsinki.Pvt. Howard M. Bobren, is a statistician with the Inspection EquipmentAgency at the Army Chemical Center,Md.55Davis B. Bobrow has been granted aFord Foundation fellowship for study inthe behavioral sciences. His projectedfield of study will be political science. Helen Wollack, of Chicago, spent amonth in New York City working as aguest editor on Madmoiselle magazine.Bruce A. Mahon, MBA, who wasawarded an Alumni Student Achievement medal in June, went on to pass theC.P.A. examinations and is now settledat 3706 Michigan Avenue, Cincinnati 9.He has accepted a position as internalauditor with Proctor & Gamble.. (InmTTnMlITUTTTTjnI PARKER -HOLS MAN!Real Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit InsuranceCorporationT. A. REHNQU1ST CO Siffewa I l(S¥ Factory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete Breaking*"» NOrmal 7-043336 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIf your present jobis leading to aHERE'S A CAREER THAT CANOFFER YOU A FUTURE!Where will you be five, ten, twenty yearsfrom now? Working at a job you're notreally satisfied with? Or well established ina career where there are no limits exceptyour own initiative and ability!Right now, the New York Life InsuranceCompany can offer you an unusual opportunity to start in business for yourself — asa career life insurance representative. Onceyou've qualified, New York Life will trainyou well and pay you a salary and trainingallowance at the same time. And after you'reon your own, you continue to receive theNEW YORK LIFEINSURANCE COMPANYOAL CO.The New York Life Agent in Your Communityis a Good Man to Be! backing of one of the world's strongest legalreserve life insurance companies.Through the years, you'll be building asecure future for yourself by helping othersplan for theirs. Many New York Life agentsconsistently earn five-figure incomes. Andthe Company has a special plan wherebyyou may qualify for a life income after only20 years.If you're interested in a career that canopen up new avenues of opportunity, mailthe coupon and we'll send you full information. There's no obligation, of course.MAIL THIS COUPON TODAY!New York Life Insurance Company, Dept. A-3 151 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.Please send me your free booklet, "A Good Man To Be," jwith full information about sales career opportunities with iNew York Life.Name Aae 1Address 1City Zone State 1OCTOBER, 1955M emorialalDr. Emerson W. Fisher, MD '92, ofArnold, Neb., died March 22.Dr. Arpad M. Barothy, MD '94, of Chicago, died April 29.Dr.. James H. Haines, MD '95, of Stillwater, Minn., died Feb. 16.Dr. W. E. Richardson, MD '96, of St.Paul, Minn., died Feb. 6.Dr. William C. Snodgrass, MD '96, ofKenton, Ohio, died March 14.Dr. Louis J. Townsend, MD '96, ofBellefourche, S. D., died Jan. 17.Dr. Alfred H. Eddy, MD '96, died Jan.15 in- Aurelia, Iowa.Mrs. Elmer C. Stoll (Harriet C. Agerter), '97, of Minneapolis, Minn., died inApril.John G. Pratt, '97, of Pekin, 111., diedFeb. 12.Dr. Albert L. Parks, MD '97, of Princeton, 111., died Feb. 9.Harold L. Axtell, '98, AM '00, PhD '06,died May 8 in Moscow, Idaho.The Rev. Charles F. Yoder, BD 'OZ, amissionary in Argentina for 45 years,died Feb. 7. He was buried in Cordoba,Argentina.George H. Sawyer, '99, died at thehome of his daughter in Des Moines onDecember 26, 1954. George was a famousC man who returned regularly 'for reunion. We missed him last June andonly then learned of his death-Florence Parker Luckenbill, '00, a retired Congregational minister, died May26 in Miami, Fla. She was the widow ofthe late Rev. Daniel David Luckenbill,PhD '07, a former Professor of Semiticlanguages and literature at the DivinitySchool.Charles W. Britton, '01, died May 31,1954, in Sioux City, la. An investmentbanker, he was a former president ofthe Sioux City Chamber of Commerce,and a trustee of Morningside College inSioux City.Walter L. Hudson, '01, died August 14at the age of 76 at his home in SanDiego, where he had retired from hisposition as assistant vice president in thetrust department of the Harris Trust andSavings Bank, Chicago. Burial was inthe Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago.Frank P. Barker, '01, died April 1 inMaywood, 111.Dr. Evarts V. De Pew, '01, MD '04, diedFebruary 7 in San Antonio, Texas.Eunice B. Peter, '01, died February 20in Oak Park, 111.Mrs. James W. Fertig, (Annie M.Mead), '02, of Pasadena, Calif., died May23.Eugene H. B. Watson, '02, a retired advertising executive, financial manager,and former president of the United Hospital of Port Chester, died May 16 inRye, N. Y.Dr. Orville E. Spurgeon, MD '02, ofMuncie, Ind., died April 11.Mrs. ¦ Arthur N. DeLong, (Caroline Hopps), '03, of LaMoille, III, died inJune.Dr. Frank H. Stevenson, '04, of Chicago, died April 16.Shirley Farr, '04, died at the age of 74at her home in Brandon, Vermont onAugust 25, 1955, after an extended illness.Miss Farr, whose father was a founderof the Harris Trust and Savings Bank,had a distinguished career. 'She foundedCamp Farr for the University of ChicagoSettlement in memory of her father. Shealso endowed a summer camp in Vermont for New York City children; servedas a trustee of Ripon College in Wisconsin; and was a member of the Vermont legislature for a number of termswith specific interests in the state institutions for children. She was cited byour Association in 1942.Helen J. Holzheimer, '05, (Mrs. LeoH. Heimerdinger), of Philadelphia, Pa.,died May 12.Vernor A. Woodworth, '06, of Wood-worth's Book Store, died April 4 inChicago.Dr. Charles A. Katherman, MD '06,died June 10 in Sioux City, Iowa.Clara B. Thormyer, '07, of Indianapolis,Ind., died April 6.Clara L. Little, '08, died April 28 inMukwonago, Wis.Emma Leslie Wells, '08, of Montpelier,Vt., died June 12.William C. Reavis, '09, AM '12, PhD'25, Professor Emeritus of Education atthe University, died June 1 in Chicago.Frank J. Goodrich, '10, of Chicago, diedMay 15.Robert S. Armstrong '10, of Oak Park,111., died Jan. 17.Helen Sard Hughes '10, AM '11, PhD'17, Professor Emeritus of English Literature at Wellesley College, Wellesley,Mass, died June 7 in Boston.William Jay Schoene, SM 10, diedMarch 30 in Venice, Fla.Ernest A. Linderholm, JD '10, of NewYork City, died March 21.Grant C. Armstrong, JD '11, of Pontiac, 111., died May 28.Edith Prindeville Atkins, '11, Hanover(N.H.) representative to the State Legislature, died May 17 in Hanover.Marguerite Christcnson Primm, '11, ofManitowac, Wis., died May 20.Alice McManus Craig, '18, died Jan.18 in Chicago.Edward 'H. Wray, AM '18, died Feb.10 in Aransas Pass, Texas.Clay E. Palmer, AM '20, of Bloomington, Calif:, died March 13.Dr. Henry C. Stallard, AM '21, pastorof the Collingwood CongregationalChurch in Cleveland, Ohio, died May 4.Urban George Willis, '22, formerlyprincipal of Pullman Technical Highschool and educational director of theGeorge M. Pullman Educational foundation, died June 5 in Chicago. BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6-3192GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating-3123Lake Street -Wood FinishingPhoneKEdzie 3-3186The Max Brook Co.CLEANERS & LAUNDRYUnexcelled Quality Since 19171013-15 E. 61st STREETFor prompt pickup call Midway 3-7447LOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESROBERT B." SHAPIRO, '33, FOUNDERPHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-142038 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELester L. Lehman, '22, of South Euclid,Ohio, died March 14.Merril R. Jacobs, '22, MD '24, Chicagophysician and surgeon, died February 27.James B. Slifer, '24, died March 24 inNew York City.Emma Christine Paulsen (Mrs. AxelB.), '25, of Los Angeles, died May 14.R. Bruce MacFarlane, '25, of Lancaster,Ohio, died Feb. 4.Frederick W. Geers, PhD '25, AssociateProfessor of Assyriology at the OrientalInstitute, died Jan. 29 in Chicago. *Augusta B/Flanary, '26, AM '38, ofBloomfield, Mo., died* February 8.Elber W. Holderness, '28, of Hinsdale,111., died April 24.Otha F. Revercomb, AM '27, of Wauwatosa, Wis., died January 12.Clarence P. Freeman, '13, of Gary, Indiana, suffered a heart attack on thetrain from Gary to Chicago May 12, andwas removed to the Illinois Central Hospital at 59th Street. He died at the hospital eight days later, May 20th. He was|a famous football and baseball (captain)C Man. Classmate Chet Bell icame infrom Neenah, Wisconsin to be with Clarence.Florence Bradley, '15, died April 27 inKansas City, Mo.Mabel Mae Miller '15, died Feb. 6 inHonolulu, Hawaii.Lt. Col. Kilburn R. Brown, '15, diedApril 22 in Washington, D. C.Dr. Raymond E. Davies, '17, of SpringValley, 111., died April 18.Lee Ellen Fogelson, '18, of Chicago,died March 29.Clarence A. Nash, '18, of North Caldwell, N. J., died April 16.Erma A. Kahn (Mrs. Cecil J. Brown),'18, of Los Angeles, died July 29.William Stone, LLB '18, of St. Joseph,Mo., died April 3.Dr. Benjamin Van Cleve Andrews, '27,of Lakewood, Ohio, a retired Presbyterian minister, died May 4.Webb-Linn Printing Co.Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of the Universityof Chicago Magazine?A. L. Weber, J.D. '09 L S. Berlin, B.A. '09A. J. Faliclc, M.B.A. '51MOnroe 6-2900 Abbie B. Cowan (Mrs. Edward G.Davis) '27, of Belvidere, 111., died March15.Mary Dorothy Dorward, AM '28, ofLos Angeles, died June 7.Ada Bess, '28, of Sidney, Ohio, diedMarch 27.Howard M. Anderson, '29, of WestLafayette, Ind., died April 22.Frank R. Moore, '29, of Baltimore, Md.,died on Jan. 1.Claiborne E. Johnson, Jr., '29, diedMarch 6 in Chicago, 111.Vincent K. Libby, '29, an executivewith the Fisher Body Corp., Detroit,succumbed to a heart attack at his home,July 25, 1954. Vincent was a half backon the varsity team in 1927-28.Roberta M. Larew, '31, of Staunton,Va., died April 15.Eri B. Hulbert, III, '32, of Chicago,died May 3 in his summer home at Chesterton, Ind. He was a grand-nephew ofvthje late Jane Addams of Hull House, andhad -served with UNRRA in China. PROGRESSIVEPAINT & HARDWARE COMPANYPaints • Wallpaper • HardwareHousewares • Janitor Supplies1158 East 55th StreetHYde Park 3-3840N.S.A. AND FACULTY DISCOUNTSAny Insurance Problems?Phone or WriteJoseph H. Aaron, '27135 S. LaSalle Street • RA 6-1060Chicago 3, IllinoisPhones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691-^-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove Avenueare you aDOCTOR • ACCOUNTANTLAWYER • ENGINEERor other professional man?If so, SUN LIFE OF CANADA can help you face an uncertain tomorrow.As a professional man, you have two problems: (1) You are not likelyto be under a regular pension scheme, and (2) your professional incomestops immediately upon your death. The Sun Life can solve both theseproblems. The proper life insurance program* will provide a retirement income for you, and protection for your family in the event ofyour death.If you are a member of a professional partnership, you will want tolearn about Sun Life's Partnership insurance, and the way it protectsall members of a partnership — and consequently their families — inthe event of death.With its first policy issued 84 years ago, Sun Life is today oneof the great life insurance companies of the world, maintainingbranches in key centers with agency representation from coastto coast. Sun Life business insurance policies also provide protection for sole proprietors, key men, and members of businesspartnerships.SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADAP.O. BOX 5103SOUTHFIELD STATIONDETROIT 35, MICHIGAN P.O. BOX 2406SAN FRANCISCO 26, CALIF.I have checked (X) the type of insurance coverage that interests me. Withoutobligation, please send me further particulars.? Professional Man ? Key Man? Sole Proprietor ? Partnership? Personal ProtectionNAME [ ^PLEASE PRINTADDRESS.Date of Birth. In Canada, please write_ Head Office, Montreal.OCTOBER, 1955 39WHAT'S THE BESTAGE TO BUYLIFE INSURANCE?MY CHILDRENARE VERY YOUNGAND MY SALARYIS STILL PRETTY LOW.I KNOW I PROBABLY NEEDMORE LIFE INSURANCE,BUT SHOULDN'T IWAIT TILL I'M ALITTLE BETTER OFF?WHAT'S THE BESTWAY TO PAY FORLIFE INSURANCE? Leonard L. Schilb, AM '32, a scienceteacher of many years at ThorntonTownship High School, Harvey, 111., diedin May.Helen C. Davis, PhD '32, of Greeley,Colo., died January 17.Meyer Goldman, '36, of Terre Haute,Ind., died Jan. 11.Audrey Neff Probst, '39, died July 8while visiting relatives in Montgomery,Ala. For the past four years, she hadbeen on the editorial staff of the University of Chicago Magazine.Hazel Dahl Ruoff, of Poughkeepsie,N.Y., died April 7.Don R. Paull, MD '41, Idaho Falls,Idaho, died March 26. MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Exacta-Bolex-Rollei-Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoYou can get the answers to theseand other life insurance questionsfrom the University of Chicagomen listed below. They are allNew England Mutual agents —trained to help you plan yourfuture. If none of these men livenear you, very likely one of the1300 other New England Mutual agents does, and will beglad to help you with your lifeinsurance.Harry Benner, '12, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoRichard M. Rohn, '37,Grp. Manager, ChicagoPaul C. Lippold, '38, ChicagoRobert P. Saalbach, '39,Des MoinesJames M. Banghart, '41,Agy. Mgr., St. PaulJohn R. Down, '46, ChicagoJohn P. Mack, '48, ChicagoNEW ENGLANDc^fe/LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYBOSTON, MASS The close of his distinguishedcareer came for William C. Graham at his home at Roche's Point,Ontario, on July 31. He will beremembered by large numbers ofChicago alumni and faculty first asgraduate student, (PhD '26), thenas Associate Professor and, later,Professor through the years 1926-38. His presence on the campuswas marked by the vigor of hispersonality. He possessed in highdegree an ability to enthuse hisstudents. Many, both students andcolleagues, will cherish memoriesof the gracious charm of hoursspent with him.He was among the first in exposition of the "cultic" approach toOld Testament religion, which hassince attained large dimensions.His position was developed, notably, in The Prophets and Israel'sCulture, 1935. His critical scholarship was expressed as co-editor ofBar-Hebraeus' Scholia on the OldTestament, Vol. I, 1931. In collab oration with H. G. May he exploited newer archaeological results for their bearing on religiousconcepts of ancient Palestine, publishing Culture ' and Conscience in1936. This interest found furtherscope in his ' service as AnnualProfessor in the American Schoolof Oriental Research in Jerusalem1936-37.Born in Ontario in 1887, he graduated from the University ofToronto in 1912, with high standing in Honor Orientals. He received the DB degree from VictoriaCollege in 1914, and STM fromHarvard in 1915, in the same yearjoining the faculty of WesleyanTheological College, Montreal.There, with collateral membershipin the faculty of McGill University,he continued until his removal toChicago in 1926, except for anabsence while he served as chaplain in the Canadian forces in theFirst World War.From 1938 to 1955 he was principal of United College, Winnipeg, aposition to which he brought thequalities for which he had becomewell known in Chicago. He succeeded in notably strengtheningand developing the institution. Hiscontributions to the policies of theUniversity of Manitoba were alsonotable.His standing was recognized inhonorary degrees from WesleyanCollege, Emmanuel College, and atthe close of his active duties, fromMacalester College and the University of Manitoba. He was alsoa Fellow of the Royal Society ofCanada, and in 1938 president ofthe Midwest branch of the American Oriental Society.William A. Irwin, DB '17, PhD '25Professor Emeritusof Old Testament,Language, and LiteratureSouthern Methodist University.40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHow I got into sales managementafter two years selling(Some questions answered by a New England Mutual Life General Agent).!**) "I WANT TO CREATE MY OWN FUTURE." With thosewords Georpe G. Joseph left his old job anil joined the NewEngland Mutual Life Insurance Company in 1947. Today, 8 yearsater, Mr. Joseph is a General Apent, partner in the Howes &Joseph \penev, Newark. New Jersey. (The two partners are shownhere.) Not an unusual story, as you w ill -•¦.¦ Iielnn . This proves thaiwith New Kurland lite a man can po a- far as industry and abilitywill take him. !Had you any experience in life insurance beforeyou joined the New England Life?"None whatsoever. I joined the New England in1947, after a short stretch as a sales representative fora large company. I wanted to prove how much I wasworth by my own initiative. Two years later I was promoted to sales management, and in 1952 I became aGeneral Agent."What was the chief factor in your success?"The attitude of my General Agent. His policy wasto help young men progress, delegate responsibility,and give everyone a chance to prove his managementcapabilities. And my success is no exception. In myown agency alone, there are eight other men who gotinto management after less than three years of selling."A BETTER LIFE FOR YOU How about earnings?"Those eight men I mentioned, and I, earned anaverage of more than $11,000 our first year in SalesManagement. Our present average yearly income is wellover $18,000, and most of us are only in our middlethirties. You can see there are 'no strings attached' toa man in life insurance. A career with the New EnglandLife is bound to mean a better life for you."How can I tell what my chances are for success inlife insurance?"The Company has a proved selection process for determining your aptitude, and will tell you frankly whatthe results indicate. Write Vice President L. M. Huppeler,501 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass., for further information.No obligation will be implied either way."NEW ENGLANDc^fc/LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYBOSTON, MASS.THE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE AMERICA — 1833CHICAGOWEDGWOODDINNER PLATESw Four plates to each set withFour different campus scenes1 ROCKEFELLER CHAPEL2 MITCHELL TOWER3 HULL COURT GATE4 HARPER LIBRARYIdeal Christinas gifts. Break up a set and makefour gifts if you wishThe Alumni Association5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEnclosed find $ for which please send me thefollowing Wedgwood Ware: (immediate delivery) : set(s) of Chicago dinner plates at $12(Not sold singly)NAME THE PLATESTen-inch Traditional QueensWare in Williamsburg sepia andDysert glaze. Borders arefrom Gothic design on Ryerson.Delivered to your door12 per setADDRESS,