rJUNE 1955UNIVERSITYTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CAMPAIGN - PAGE 4J$ook&by Faculty and AlumniHow We Drafted Adlai Stevenson.By Walter Johnson: Knopf, 1955.(Professor Johnson is chairman of theHistory Department.)A mild tempest engendered by thepublication, early this year, of Mr.Walter Johnson's version of the drafting for the Democratic presidentialnomination of Adlai E. Stevenson,appears to have subsided.The leisurely reviewer enjoys reflection upon both what Mr. Johnsonhas to say in his book and what anumber of critics have had to sayabout both the writer and his story.Mr. Johnson's engaging and controversial book carries an author's foreword asserting that "the nominationof Adlai Stevenson for President onthe Democratic Party ticket in 1952was unique."A dust-cover note, provided by thebook's publishers, states that it is a"unique record of a unique Presidential convention."The reviewer is tempted to strivefor unanimity by offering somethingunique, but Webster defines unique,in part, as "single in kind or excellence." With this in mind we areconstrained to declare that the word"unique" has undergone an altogethertoo great strain for further employment here.It may be recalled that much discussion centered, through the humiddays of that 1952 Summer, about aStevenson "Bandwagon." The Principal of the event, Mr. Stevenson, pretended to see no bandwagon, hear noband and play the veriest of Hamletsin indecision.Professional and non -professionalpoliticians, after the convention, wereable to recall a veritable parade ofbandwagons, each with Adlai Stevenson firmly seated aboard. The question, therefore, remains:"Whose bandwagon carried thereluctant Mr. Stevenson from theInternational Amphitheatre?"Mr. Johnson says it was that onwhich he was posted as co-driver.Others declare Mr. Johnson and hisamateur associates rode the tail gateof someone else's wagon.Mr. Johnson is charged with claiming excessive credit for the role heand his associates played in bringingthe reluctant Mr. Stevenson to heightsof glory. This controversy will continue, nodoubt, as long as such uncommunicative and non-book-writing figuresas Jacob M. Arvey and others remainsilent.After several conversations with Mr.Arvey prior to and during the convention this reviewer came to theconclusion that, if Mr. Arvey was nota party to the ultimate persuading ofAdlai Stevenson to accept a draft, hewas doing about as little to stop it ashe could without leaving the country.Meanwhile, the press, upon whichMr. Johnson leans heavily for "documentation" speculated so freely onAdlai Stevenson's "opening" or "closing" doors to his acceptance that thewinds of confusion created more"drafts" than could be counted.Mr. Johnson presents a dramaticaccount of what went on in the fifteenth floor of the Conrad HiltonHotel from July 14th through the endof the convention. He makes it clearthat he and his associates regardedtheir headquarters as the center ringof the circus that had come to town.He makes a strong case for his contention that this locale inexorably became the key point of the show.He points to the endless crush ofvisitors as evidence that there restedthe lodestone to guide the conventionto its logical destination — the nomination of Adlai Stevenson. To onewho witnessed all this it appearsmore likely that any open door (anda few closed ones) is an attractionin the hurly-burly of a national convention for the great milling throngthat neither spins nor reaps at suchgatherings.To this reviewer the great weakness in Mr. Johnson's (or any for thatmatter) book is his selective quotations from speculating newspaper reporters. When an author offers thefulminations and guesses of writersgroping in the wilderness of a national convention — each hoping he isguessing correctly — for that dailystory or column that must be filled,come hell or high water, he is notstrengthening his position. Most especially is this true in the all-too-frequent intrusion of the partialquotation.That Mr. Johnson and his amateurassociates wanted badly to "draftStevenson" can certainly not be questioned. How large a role they playedin this has been questioned by anumber of persons who were considerably more deeply involved in thepersonal and political affairs of Mr.Stevenson at the time.Who knows? Perhaps Mr. Johnsonand his friends may want to do thisall over again in 1956. R. J. H. Johnston,New York Times,Chicago and MidwestCorrespondent.(Mr. Johnston has been with theTIMES since 1934, and served forseveral years as a foreign and warcorrespondent in Europe and Asia.He has held his present post sinceNovember, 1951.)Past and Future. By William H.McNeill. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954. Pp. 217. $3.75. (Mr.McNeill is an assistant professor ofhistory, and chairman of the Collegehistory staff.)It is rewarding to read the analysisof our present situation and the provocative speculation about the futurecourse of events presented by Mr.McNeill. Not only does he possessbalanced judgment and reflectivepower while, at the same time, hehandles his material so as to presentan informed and stimulating analysisof the likely course of events, butalso he writes well. Furthermore,Mr. McNeill has a flexibility and abreadth that are only too lacking incontemporary thought.His book falls logically into twosections. In the first part he presentsa schematic and compressed accountof human history down to most recent years. In that portion of thebook his second chapter is devotedto the past and the third chaptertreats of the present. While onecould quarrel with some of the generalizations he has devised in regardto the past, and even though thereare a few issues on which the reviewer must disagree with him, basically one must say that — like anyhighly schematised view of humanhistory — the reader's reaction dependsupon preference. Some historianschoose to emphasize certain patternsin history and others select a different set of paints. The chapter thatdeals with the present, however,ought to command respect and commendation from everyone, for it isexcellent. Particularly valuable in it,I should say, are his cogent and informed views on the relations between the industrialized West andthe underdeveloped nations.The last portion of the book dealswith the future and with the tasksthat face us. Here the historian —^and the reviewer — are in a bit of aquandary. For, as Mr. McNeill pointsout more than once, speculation is aContinued on page 2}emo I^clThose questionnaires"We MAILED them to 52,000 alumniin January. To date over 30,000 havebeen returned. In my 15 years with theAssociation I've never seen such highreturns on one mailing and one follow-up— and they are still coming in.Because of this year's fund campaignand preparations for the big 1955-56 campaign announced in this issue, we havebeen delayed in tabulating the results.We have dedicated the summer to thisjob. So, to you 20,000 who haven't mailedin your questionnaires, there is still timeto be counted and recorded.Meanwhile, keep us informed of anyaddress or occupational changes in theevent we do national or local directories.Fall campus programsWe ARE JUST now preparing a listof campus programs and events whichwe think you may enjoy during next falland winter. These calendars will be madeup as far in advance as possible and willappear in fall issues of the Magazine.Members living in the Chicago areawill receive last minute additions. Inmany cases we will have dinner partiesbefore the events.Flossmoor receptionMr. AND MRS. JOSEPH K. ROBERTSand Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Watkins gave areception for Flossmoor alumni Sundayafternoon, May 8th. Guests from thecampus were Dean of Students and Mrs.Robert Strozier and Alumni Secretaryand Mrs. Howard Mort. The receptionwas held in the home and gardens of theRoberts. More than sixty alumni andfriends were present.Mr. and Mrs. Watkins and Mrs. Robertsare alumni. Mr. Watkins is vice president of the University. Mr. Roberts isvice president of Standard Oil of Indiana.R.I.'s ConstitutionR.HODE ISLAND has a Chicago AlumniClub. No other state can make this statement.I got a chuckle out of Beverly GlennLong's letter carrying this information.We had sent her a manual on how toorganize a club. It states: "... . If youinsist, draw up a legal document withscores of articles ... We prefer a simplesheet . . ."Beverly enclosed a four-page constitution ending with: "Done in conventionby the unanimous consent of alumnipresent the second day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and fifty-five . . "And an explanation: "We modeled ourconstitution along the lines suggested.The additions . . . were the result ofamendments . . . with so many lawyersin the group one could not expect complete unanimity in the first instance!"(Exclamation point hers.)The club is organized to be effective.With Beverly as president, there are 8other officers who will look after fundraising, student promotion, programming,publicity, and community service.It's a promising organization. I onlyhope headquarters can keep up withthem.Record crowd in Washington|_ HE FINAL meeting of the year stagedby our Washington, D. C. Club was arecord breaker. It honored the studentsfrom the area who would come to Chicago in the fall, one on a $1200 scholarship.It was held in the Cosmos Club andoverflowed into adjoining rooms withmore than 200 present. William MacCracken, '09, JD '11, chairman of thescholarship committee, presented the students. Dean Strozier from the Midwaywas present to give them an official welcome. Trustee Philip L. Graham, publisher of the Washington Post-TimesHerald, was the toastmaster and presiding officer.The party was friendly and gay. HartPerry and his committees and officers rana good show. Hart was re-elected president for another year.June inventoryOUR NEXT issue will be October. Wedon't publish during the summer. It hasbeen our best publishing year, with theMay (Overseas) issue receiving favorable fan mail: My congratulations on theMay issue ... I read the book fromcover to cover . . . Lawrence H. Whiting.It was a year of enthusiastic fan mail,some of it practical like: Just saw theFebruary issue. If all issues are as good,bill me for a membership.In the mill for the fall issues: a reportfrom Yerkes Observatory by BengtStromgren, director; a new story aboutthe Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School;some little known stuff on Herman Melville by alumnus Gordon Roper; storieson several fascinating projects going onat the Law School; an article on changesin teacher training; and many other interesting items.Ashes and psychiatry-Ashes to ashes, dust to dustIf radiation doesn't get you,Psychiatry must.From a recent copy of Arizona Progress, published by the Valley NationalBank, Phoenix. Walter Bimson, '17, ischairman of the board.H.W.M. After you have read this issue of the Magazine you willknow that next year will heNEWS CROWDEDWe are setto keep you informed of progress in all areas.As an added service for yourmembership we have arranged to have the studentweeklyCHICAGO MAROONmailed to you fromOctober through June forOnly $1.00(Regularly $5.00)Watch student news andactivities develop under thenew Chicago program.Send an additional dollarwith your membership renewal orEnclose $1.00 with couponSPECIAL MAROON OFFERThe Alumni Association5733 University Ave., Chicago 37Enclosed find $1.00 for the ChicagoMaroon from October through Mayon your special offer.NameAddressJUNE, 1955 1Continued from coverdifficult and dangerous pursuit. Eachof us tends to conjure up his ownvision of the face of things to comeand none can be sure of his authorityfor such visions.Basically, Mr. McNeill is of theopinion that a third world war ismore than likely, in fact, hardly tobe avoided. His arguments in favorof this view are rather convincing.He is, therefore, concerned with thepossible course and outcome of thatwar and it is at this point that he isforced to become thoroughly speculative in his construction of the argument. Oversimplified, his argumentis that the victor, whether it be theUnited States or Soviet Russia, willhave to construct an effective worldgovernment after the war is won.This view presupposes that therewill be something left after hydrogenfall-out that can be discerned as avictor. The reviewer must again disagree with the author.But, in Mr. McNeill's view, therewill be a victor and the victor willset up a "world government" thatwill maintain a general peace in whichno more major wars can occur. Thisworld government will also reorganize and rehabilitate the economy ofthe world, devoting to economic plenty the savings realized by abolishment of major war. A world bureaucracy will administer and supervisethe peace and the economic regeneration, possibly on a relatively democratic basis — at least if the U. S.wins — possibly on the basis of a new"caste system" among nations, andmost likely on the basis of tyranny ifRussia wins. The reviewer must confess very grave reservations aboutthe chances of success for a worldgovernment established by the hypothetical victor in a new world warand these grave reservations havemany grounds. Not the least of thesegrounds is the fear that the vanquishing of Russia in a third world warwill only have solved one problemand will have done nothing to solveother major problems arising in placessuch as South Asia and Africa. Toput it even more bluntly, I can thinkof no good reason why we should expect that non- communist Asia andAfrica — faced with their own monumental problems — will for any reasonbe willing to accept the authority ofa world government established byus, even though, as Mr. McNeill putsit, we offer them world peace.Nor can I think of any good reasonto assume that, even after Russia hasbeen defeated, we can organize an international economy that ^will seemequitable to the currently underdeveloped countries. Mr. McNeill is, ofcourse, aware of this problem. Infact, his book does a great deal todocument some of the awesome dimensions of the problem of acceptableeconomic relations between the industrialized West and the underdeveloped countries. But, his answer tothe problem seems unsatisfactory tome in that it relies too much on theforce of logic as it is expected tooperate once world government hasbeen put up.His final chapter, "What Is to BeDone," attempts a rational call tovision and constructive action byAmerica and by its free-world coalition in preparation for the future.This chapter, though it is marredslightly by something approachingtergivisation on the implications ofhis earlier view that war is almostinevitable, is generally excellent.Whether there is to be a great waror not, whether there is to be a victoror not, finally, whether there is to bea world government or not, Mr. McNeill's prescriptions for strengtheningof various facets of the free-worldcoalition deserve full hearing andsupport. Unlike a number of hiscountrymen, Mr. McNeill is wellaware of the importance of our alliances and of the crucial nature ofour relations with our allies andwith the uncommitted nations. It ismost refreshing to find a professionalhistorian who is willing to enter the "political" fray with a reasoned andinsightful program for Americans tosupport.Robert I. Crane,Assistant Professor,Department of History.BRIEFLY NOTEDHumanism As The Next Step. ByLloyd and Mary Dewing Morain, AM'37. The Beacon Press, Boston, 1954.$2.Lloyd Morain is president of theAmerican Humanist Association, andhis wife, Mary Dewing Morain, '37, isa director of the International Humanist and Ethical Union. In thisbook they state the case for the organized religious and philosophicalmovement known as Humanism. Thestudy is the first non-technical workto deal with the subject in a definitivemanner.The authors point out that "Humanism is the most rapidly growingreligious movement in America today.But it does not regard itself as anAmerican religion and philosophy,but as a world religion and philosophy. It has already had one worldconference — in Amsterdam, Holland,August, 1952."The first commandment of Humanism is the use of the scientificmethod, its first article of faith isthat man can save himself."The book sets forth the basic assumptions of Humanism, and thenshows how Humanistic tenets can beapplied to problems of personal orientation and social needs.Trevor Arnett, 1870-1955Before Trevor Arnett wasgraduated from College in 1898,he had been drafted by President Harper to prepare specialfinancial reports. He was madeauditor of the University in 1901,before he completed his graduate work.By 1920 he had establishedsuch a reputation for collegeand university accounting thatscores of schools had drawn onhis services. And the GeneralEducation Board had borrowedhim to prepare a text on educational finance.In 1928 Trevor Arnett re signed as vice president andbusiness manager of the University to become president ofthe General Education Board —until his retirement in 1936.Meanwhile, he was an effective member of our Board ofTrustees and a devoted trusteeof the Atlanta University Center, where he dedicated his talents to Negro education.Trevor Arnett did not returnto Grand Beach, Michigan thisspring. On March 31st he diedat his winter home in Fort Lauderdale, Florida at the age of 84.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA.T A RECENT social gathering, a fellow alumnus turned to us and asked:"How come the University is putting onthis big fund drive?" For the answer wereferred him, as we do you, to the articlestarting on Page 4.We have tried to outline for you thereasons why the University is launchingits biggest fund-raising campaign. During the coming, year, we hope to bringyou more detailed stories about thethings so sorely needed on campus. Wethink our friend will feel more kindlytowards the literature he has been receiving in his mail after he reads ourstory. We hope you will, too.Incidentally, this is the third time inits 64-year history that the Universityhas turned to the public and alumni forfunds on a large scale. The first suchdrive was initiated by President ErnestD. Burton in 1925, called the Program ofDevelopment; the second by PresidentRobert M. Hutchins, who launched theFiftieth Anniversary Fund drive in 1939.1 HE BIG DAY finally came! May 10was D-Day in Hyde Park, when a bulldozer finally swung into action and begandemolition of the first building in ProjectA. On Page 19, alumna Mary BowenStephenson, '28, brings you up to date onredevelopment projects in the Universityneighborhood. You'll find accompanyingmaps on Pages 18 and 21 to give you aclear picture of just what is involved inthe projects.DiPEAN ROBERT STROZIER, in hisregular quarterly feature, turns staff reporter to tell you about the University'sfirst annual Festival of the Arts. Readhis "Report From Wonderland" on Page23, then turn to the next few pages forpictures of the festival.(Not everyone, it seems, was happyabout the festival. On the second dayof the event, there appeared on the wallsof the Administration Building the following chalked message: "Arts Go Home.Sports Cars Go Home. Kimpton GoHome.")JJeTAILS of a new student recruitingprogram, with centers throughout the nation, are outlined on Page 16. We hopealumni especially will take interest inthis project, and help bring more newstudents to campus.1 HIS MONTH'S cover design and thelayout for the over -all campaign storyare the work of an alumna, Violet Fogle,'39. Vi is an established commercial artist, and has her own free lance studioon Chicago's Near North Side, conveniently located around the corner fromher apartment. /^^I^/* "^ UNIVERSITYMAGAZINE 1 J JUNE, 1955Volume 47, Number 9FEATURES41516192329 University of Chicago CampaignAlumni Goal — $3 MillionWill Chicago Be Prepared?Down Come the WallsReport from WonderlandSroucho or Karl? Robert M. Strozier1 Memo Pad3 In This IssueIFC Books-Readers' Guide33 Class News41 MemorialsCOVERThe south tower on the west side of Stagg Field, an appropriatesymbol of the University's greatness — past and future. Once thehome of famous football teams, it has aiso served as the cradle ofthe atomic age.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisExecutive EditorEditorManaging EditorAdvertising ManagerStaff PhotographerFoundation SecretaryField Secretary HOWARD W. MORTFELICIA ANTHENELLIAUDREY NEFF PROBSTSHELDON W. SAMUELSSTEPHEN LEWELLYNWILLIAM H. SWANBERGDEAN TYLER JENKSPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.JUNE, 1955 3\1 ¦* '<„ '**-*<l >' ' ,* '7<< : v *¦;>. > .J ,. •<*;^aU—- ^W\tTTf>tt*The University of ChicagoCAMPAIGNto make the future as great as the past4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE GOAL IS $32.7 MILLION.This sum was announced by Chancellor LawrenceA. Kimpton and Trustee Chairman Edward L. Ryersonas the amount the University will seek in its greatestcampaign for funds, to be launched this fall.In the brief span of 65 years the University of Chicago has become one of the great universities of theworld. But even great universities have their problems, and the University is no different. Within thepast three years the faculty and administration decidedthe time had come for a long, hard look at these problems. They presented their findings to the board oftrustees, with the proposal that $32.7 million be set upas a campaign goal, to cover the most urgent needs ofthe University for the next ten years.The University's current standing is endangeredfrom lack of funds to attract and keep top facultymembers, to supplement the income of promising butneedy students, to provide more adequate studenthousing, and to supply necessary items from kevatronsto paper clips.The University's future standing is endangered ifall of these problems are not attended to now, andfurthermore, new problems will present themselves.(Facing) Drawing shows typical entrance to proposed residence hall. Note modified modern architecture.(Below) Architect's sketch shows proposed dormitories forwomen. Plans call for placing women's residence renter on A simple projection of population figures shows thatfor every three undergraduates in American collegesand universities today there will be five in 1970. Theprospect of nearly doubling in capacity in 15 yearsmust be dealt with now.The board of trustees voted to undertake to find themoney essential to meet the University's needs, confident that responsible men and women everywherewould lend their support. As evidence of their ownfaith, board members, themselves, have contributed$4 million, with more to come. This is the largestsum ever put together by a board of trustees for asimilar effort in the history of educational finance.At a meeting of some sixty representative alumni— most of them from outside Chicago — held at theUniversity in February, there was unanimous supportof the plans as described by the Chancellor.A faculty committee, headed by John A. Wilson,Andrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Professor ofEgyptology, is hard at work mobilizing the facultyto take an active part in the campaign.Thus, many of those closest to the University havepledged their faith in its future and their determination to achieve the campaign goals.plot in back of Ida Noyes Hall, on 58th Street, betweenWoodlawn and Kimbark Avenues. In sketch above, centerdome is dining area, smaller domes on either side of it arelounge rooms. Proposed style is modified modern.«v^^t;>,.^>t milJ'Pfe,$8,639,000Faculty Salary Increases and AppointmentsMen are, and always have been, the very foundation ofthe University of Chicago. When the nation neededthe contribution of great minds Chicago had thembecause its policy was to go after "the best minds inthe world."Today this policy is endangered. Quality has a highvalue on the campus, for the academic world competesfor the best scholars not only with other institutionsbut also with industry and government.Because of rising costs and reduction in real incomefrom endowment, Chicago is lagging behind themarket price for salaries to the men it has and themen it wants.A recent study shows that in comparison with fivelarge private universities and six prominent state universities Chicago's scales fall below the median salariesfor the other groups.In addition to adjustments in salary scales, new appointments must be made to fill existing gaps, andadditional research assistance must meet head-on theproblem of a great faculty that is already spreadingitself too thin.To meet the requirements in these three categories— salary increases, additional appointments, and graduate research assistance — the University needs $863,000a year over a ten-year period.Some specifics of the problem are:Instructors in the College, at present, get withinpennies of the average weekly earnings for factoryworkers across the nation.The Social Sciences Division carried an instructional deficit of $176,000 in 1953-4.A brand-new PhD, especially in the physicalsciences, can command from industry almost twice thesalary the University can afford.Top-flight surgeons and physicians in the MedicalSchool of the Division of Biological Sciences are giving full-time to teaching and research. Increases mustbe given to offset partially the greater financial opportunities of private practices.The Divison of Physical Sciences needs 19 additionalfaculty members at the instructor and assistant professor levels to preserve its high reputation in researchand training.The outlook on retirement schedules presents ahighly important problem. Within ten years 120 of450, or 26.6 per cent, of associate and full professorswill be eligible for retirement. The list contains the names of men who have contributed most heavily tothe University's distinction during the past generation. They include the following: Garfield V. Cox,Business; William W. Crosskey, Law; Lester R. Dragstedt, Surgery; Paul C. Hodges, Radiology; Morris S.Kharasch, Chemistry; Carl H. Kraeling, Oriental Institute; Karl N. Llewellyn, Law; Richard P. McKeon,Philosophy; Robert Redfield, Anthropology; Harold C.Urey, Chemistry; Robert Vigneron, French; LeonardD. White, Political Science; Napier Wilt, Humanities;Quincy Wright, International Relations.The question is: Will the University be prepared toreplace these professors with men equally distinguished, and will it be prepared to hold men ofpromise now in lower ranks? Chicago must begin tomeet this problem now.Peter SwingYoung Faculty Insure the FutureThese four young men are typical among youngfaculty members at the University.Peter Gram Swing, 32, is now in his second yearas an instructor in Humanities in the College. He isworking on his PhD in music here, after earning hisAB and AM degrees at Harvard. He is highly enthusiastic about student musical activities, and has devotedmuch time and effort to building the University GleeClub into an active and excellent organization. Heand his wife often invite students to their apartmentto sing madrigals. The Swings have one child, anotheron the way.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDr. Roger Hildebrand, 33, is an assistant professorof physics. He is married and has four children. Hecame here three years ago, after receiving his AB inchemistry and PhD in physics at the University ofCalifornia in Berkeley. Dr. Hildebrand is doing important work in physics research at the Institute forNuclear Studies. Using a hydrogen bubble chamber,which he helped develop, he is exploring the basiclaws governing the fundamental particles of which allmatter is composed.Dr. Peter Moulder, 34, is an instructor in the Department of Surgery in the University's Medical Center. He spent nine years of study at the Universitybefore becoming an instructor. He is married and hasthree children. One of the problems with whichDr. Moulder is concerned is the accurate determinationof the patient's over-all condition while undergoingsurgery. One of the most useful indications is themeasurement of the oxygen content of the blood.Until recently, this necessitated laborious and lengthylaboratory analysis — a procedure which was too time-consuming to be of value to the surgeon in the operating-room. Dr. Moulder and his associates have overcome this difficulty. They are now working with theoximeter (developed by Dr. John Perkins), a machinethat continuously and instantaneously records theoxygen content of the blood. The greatest use of theoximeter to date has been in chest and cardiac patients,where many things have been brought to light whichwere never known before. For example, it has nowbeen shown that, simply by changing the position ofthe patient, the oxygen content can be changed. Surgical treatment of "blue babies" has been aided by theoximeter; when a new opening is made or a valveenlarged, the immediate effect of the blood oxygen canbe determined, and some judgment can be obtainedas to whether more should be done.Robert I. Crane, 34, is an asistant professor in thedepartment of History. Dr. Crane, who received hisAB at Duke University, AM at American Universityand PhD at Yale, teaches modern history and is aspecialist on South Asia. Rand McNally will publishhis book on the history of modern India early nextyear. He is married and has one child.These four young men devote full time to theirteaching and research activities. Their kind of devotion is what makes a great University. Doubtless theycould earn higher salaries in business and industry.They do not seek riches. They do wish to have sufficient income so that they can raise their families indecent surroundings. One of the goals of the campaign is to secure enough funds so that the Universitycan keep its young men. Roger HildebrandPeter MoulderRobert CraneJUNE, 1955 i$10,800,000Student Housing And Neighborhood RedevelopmentTeaching does not end in the classroom. Today student housing must mean facilities that stimulate thosediscussions that often bring a greater understandingthan lectures or textbooks. With a predictable enrollment of more than 10,000 students in the near future,Chicago's living quarters become entirely inadequate.Existing facilities for women are in Blake, Gates,Kelly, Foster and Green Halls — all built before theturn of the century. These halls lack adequate recreational facilities. They lack efficient kitchen space.Bare brick walls and concrete floors, antiquated gasburners and iron lockers are the surroundings of onedining hall for graduate students who cook in.Plans have been drawn up for the improved residential college type of dormitory illustrated on Page 5.With accommodations for 500, it will cost $3 millionand be erected adjacent to Ida Noyes Hall. This proximity to the present women's social and recreationalcenter will truly create a community for undergraduatewomen.Additional residence halls to house 600 undergraduate men will cost $3.6 million. Present dormitoriesin Burton-Judson Court offer eminently desirable university living quarters, but even today they do notmeet the full need. Many students, particularly thosein the professional schools of law, medicine and business, are forced to live in private homes. The newdormitory for undergraduate men will release Burton-Judson for these professional students where homogeneity of interests will play an important part intheir professional development.Plans call for new undergraduate residence hallsfor men to be built near Stagg Field and BartlettGymnasium.One of the University's major problems is housingfor married students, most of whom are working forgraduate degrees. One of the significant changes inthe character of student bodies in American collegesand universities has been the great increase, sinceWorld War II and the Korean War, in the numberof students who are married. Nor do colleges look forany great drop in the number of married students.Early marriage is no longer a war-time phenomenonbut a characteristic of the American social scene.There are currently about 1,000 married studentsenrolled at the University. Of the total of 409 apartments for these students, 340 are in temporary prefabricated government housing, built for veteranstudents immediately after World War II. Built ofplywood, the "pre-fabs" are in bad shape after nineyears of mid-western weather. They are an eyesore,inadequate in many ways, and must be torn down inthe immediate future under requirements of city building codes. (Above) Mr. and Mrs. Levy Cruz in the "kitchen" of theirpre-fab. Dining-living area is directly to the left. Note two-burner electric plate, which is the only cooking facilityprovided. Heat in winter is provided by oil stove on right.The Cruz' are Brazilian. He is here on a fellowship provided by the Brazilian government and has a tuition scholarship and assistantship from the University, while workingon a PhD in sociology. They are expecting a baby inOctober, hope to move to a larger pre-fab by then.(Below) In contrast to inefficient pre-fab kitchen, newlyinstalled p ullman kitchen in Blackstone Hall apartment provides up-to-date facilities, including good sink, stove andrefrigerator.The University furnishes Blackstone Hall apartments. Mr.and Mrs. Michael J. Brennan are shown in the living room-kitchen of their two-room unit. Michael, AM '54, is workingon a PhD in economics. Isabel is working on her master'sdegree in philosophy, works part-time as a nurse at BillingsHospital.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE(Above) Row of pre-fabs at 60th Street and GreenwoodAvenue. Containers for winter fuel oil sit next to porches.Note hole in wall on house at upper right, result of nineyears of wear and tear on flimsy pre-fabs.(Right) An example of what the University can accomplishin converting existing Hyde Park apartment buildings tomarried students' use can be seen in Blackstone Hall, 5748South Blackstone Avenue. A former women's club boughtand renovated by the University, it now houses marriedstudents. Two-rooms with bath and kitchenette in BlackstoneHall rent for $75 a month, furnished. (The University canjust about afford these rates, since student housing is taxexempt.) This compares extremely well with existing rentsin the neighborhood, where the average two-bedroom, unfurnished apartment rents from $85-$150, and the same, furnished, $100-$200. A survey of married students shows thatmost can afford about $60-$75 a month, but are willing tomake sacrifices and pay the higher rent.(Above) This small room (dimensions extend from fust behind candy machine at left to wall on right) serves as arecreational center for four dormitories — Foster, Kelly, Greenand Beecher.(Right) One of many tiny, cramped dormitory rooms. Thisone is in Poster Hall. Note how bed is shoved up againstbureau, (tucked in alcove) blocking up two bottom drawers.Cramped arrangement is necessary to fit even the minimalamount of furniture into room.JUNE, 1955The University plans to purchase several existingapartment buildings near campus and convert them formarried students, at an approximate cost of $4.2 million for the 700 units judged necessary. Not only willthis provide essential housing, but it will also becomean important part of the community rehabilitationprogram for Hyde Park which was initiated by theUniversity. The University will thus be contributingdirectly to neighborhood redevelopment, while improving its own facilities.$1,100,000Classroom Renovationand RentingThe College of the University — which registered a 40per cent increase in enrollment of entering studentslast fall — is under increasing pressure for more suitablefacilities. Both age and inadequacy are characteristicof much of the space available for classroom and officeuse on the College quadrangle.Based on already successful remodeling in parts ofCobb Hall, oldest building on the quadrangles, theUniversity plans to renovate other space in Cobb fordiscussion-type classrooms, and convert adjacent Blakeand Gates Halls into office space, at a cost of $450,000.This program will centralize the activities of theCollege without sacrificing its close relationship withother divisions and departments of the University.It will also provide for predicted enrollment increases.An additional $100,000 is needed for remodelingparts of Blake and Gates Halls to provide consolidatedand improved facilities for the School of Social ServiceAdministration, now in Cobb Hall.Another important part of the University's teachingprogram is conducted in evening classes downtown forpart-time students, many of whom are working fortheir degrees. This highly successful service necessitates renting additional classroom space that will cost$550,000 over a ten-year period.$2,000,000Student AidAny college admissions officer will tell you that rejected scholarship applications form the most tragicpart of his job. Chicago has lost many brilliant students because its student aid funds were not sufficientto compete with low tuition at state universities orwith higher scholarships at other private institutions.For example, last year 135 scholarship applicants fromcompetitive examinations — applicants who had metall the qualifications — could not be provided for. The University needs $200,000 a year for a ten-yearperiod to maintain its present level of financial aid tostudents. Even this level is considerably below thatmaintained by institutions of comparable academicstanding.According to the latest study of this importanteducational problem, made in 1951 by the U.S. Officeof Education, among comparable universities Chicagoranked alarmingly low in terms of the average aidgiven per student. For example, the average amountper student receiving aid was $419 at Chicago, $505 atYale and $719 at Harvard.During the most recent typical year (1953-54) thescholarship disbursement at the University was $40,000from endowment income, $301,000 from reservefunds. Three years earlier the University spent almost$200,000 of operating funds. Rising operating costsand decreased purchasing power from the incomefrom invested funds make it impossible for the University to continue such aid without help.The University proposes to establish the first sizablescholarship fund in its history with its request for $2million. It should be borne in mind that primarilythe University is not seeking endowment funds. Theneed is now; to meet it the University seeks outrightgifts which can be spent promptly where they willdo the maximum good and help the greatest numberof students.$3,500,000Law School Programand FacilitiesAmong the University professional schools, few havegained more prestige than its Law School. The schoolhas repeatedly been responsible for innovations inlegal training. The caliber of legal scholars and lawyers trained here has always been outstanding.Yet today the limited accommodations of the LawSchool force it to limit enrollment to the lowest amongten major schools for legal training.It is generally agreed that Chicago's Law Schoolhas the poorest physical plant of any major law schoolin the country. The present building has only threeclassrooms; it has just one seminar room (also used asa student lounge); there are no conference rooms forthe tutorial program; there is no office space available for the moot court program, no space for thelaw student association or for advanced graduate legalstudents. There is no space for additions to the LawLibrary. The encroachment of book stacks has reduced seating capacity in the Reading Room to 180.There are currently 280 students.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMackenzie Kinglt is striking to note that of the nearly 10,000 Chicagograduates listed in "Who's Who in America," "AmericanMen of Science," "Leaders in Education" and the "Directoryof American Scholars," nearly half were dependent uponscholarship or fellowship aid.Without it, the world might never have heard of sucheminent Americans as Ernest Cadman Colwell, PhD '30,former president of the University of Chicago, vice presidentand dean of faculties, Emory University; Clinton J. Davisson,SB '09, Nobel Prize winner and distinguished physicist;Edgar J. Goodspeed, DB '97, PhD '98, whose Bible translations are known the world over; (the late) Mackenzie King,'97, Prime Minister of Canada, whose thirty years of government service left a great and splendid page in Canadianhistory; Stephen Leacock, PhD '03, famous writer and humorist; Arno B. Luckhardt, SB '07, SM '09, PhD '11, MD '12,famous in medical research and discoverer of the anesthetic,ethylene gas; Donald R. Richberg, AB '01, chief counsel,later chairman, National Recovery Act; (the late) GeorgeE. Vincent, PhD '96, president, the University of Minnesota,and subsequently, president of the Rockefeller Foundation.These are but a few of the names from a long list. C. J. DavissonErnest ColwellDonald RichbergJUNE, 1955 11The recent establishment of the American BarAssociation Center on the Midway offers an unprecedented opportunity for significant developments inthe structure and organization of the Law School.Plans are under consideration for a new building,which would be located on the south side of the Midway between the new Bar Center and Burton-JudsonCourts. The opportunity for fruitful cooperation withthe Bar Center is such that the Bar Center-New LawSchool Building-Burton- Judson group would becomea law center unique in the United States.Total funds needed to implement the law school'sprogram for the next ten years are $3.5 million.LEADING LAW SCHOOLS $4,640,000Square feet Square feetEnrollment of space per studentHarvard 1,502 280,000 186Columbia 695 300,000 431Texas 688 84,000 122Michigan 679 181,000 266Yale 520 124,000 238Minnesota 404 79,000 195California (UCLA) 377 70,000 188California (Berkeley) 328 80,000 246Stanford 327 77,750 327CHICAGO 280 37,000 148 "Hard Money »Few needs of the University exceed that for unrestricted funds — "hard money" made available withoutreservation as to use. Such funds annually representbut a small proportion of gifts and grants. But theexistence of unrestricted funds has often made possible the successful management of the University ina fiscal year.The University needs $4,640,000 of unrestrictedmoney over a ten year period. Such funds may beused for dramatic or mundane purposes. But theiruse always has one characteristic: it is vital.In the past, the University has used unrestricted"hard money" to develop a kevatron; a betatron anda building to house it; to initiate an electronic research project; to publish significant results of scholarship; to create new tools for the fight againstdisease.But these funds have also been used to buy typewriters and desks; to hire stenographic help; to meetelectricity bills; to maintain insurance policies, andcountless other needs essential to the smooth andefficient operation of a great university.However they are received and however they areapplied, unrestricted funds nurture and aid the University at its very roots, providing "hard" dollars thatwork the hardest for the University.$1,100,000Library SupportDr. Samuel Allison and the kevatron. The greatness of any university is intimately relatedto the vitality of its library. Harper Library is thecenter around which all teaching and research activities revolve at Chicago. But Harper Library has beenpinched by the severe budgeting of the past threeyears.To maintain and improve its position as a foremost university library, $110,000 annually for thisten-year program is needed over the present budget.A recent survey revealed that the two percent ofthe total University budget spent on books, periodicals and binding was less than one-half the medianamount spent by 90 other leading American universities. The University of California at Los Angelestops the list by spending nearly 13 per cent of itstotal budget on its library; Princeton and Yale eachspend nearly six percent.Harper Library is space-short as well as funds-short. The latter problem can be solved immediatelythrough this provision of the campaign.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE14-7—Artist's sketch of typical dining room in proposed residence hall.JUNE, 1955 13In one of the many teacher training programs going on atthe University, Chicago high school teachers (seated againstblackboard) watch Mrs. Wilma Ebbitt and Mark Ashin of theCollege English staff for pointers on how to run a discussiongroup.$1,000,000New Teacher Training ProgramsThe quality of education in America's secondaryschools and junior colleges is of increasing nationalconcern.The University has always played a leading rolein developing the theory and practice of educationfor 20th century America. Today, the University'sexperience and prestige in this field is needed morethan ever as the country prepares for the world-widechallenges that lie ahead.The University must expand its program of teachertraining in the Department of Education and proposes to establish a number of fellowships for outstanding teachers and school administrators whoseinfluence will spread far beyond the boundaries oftheir own specific posts. To accomplish its objectivesthe University will require the expenditure of$100,000 a year for ten years.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEALUMNI GOAL-$3,000,0001 HE ALUMNI FUND goal in TheUniversity of Chicago Campaign hasbeen set at $3 million.An unprecedented one-year drivewill require the efforts of two national co-chairmen. John McDonough, '28, this year's chairman of theAlumni Foundation, and Earle Ludgin, '20, chairman for three previousyears, have volunteered to lead thecampaign among alumni. They arebusy making plans for a kickoff in thefall.The goal places a tremendous responsibility upon the alumni for thesuccess of the overall $32.7 millioncampaign but co-chairmen Ludginand McDonough are confident that itcan be raised.John McDonough During the alumni campaign period, from July 1, 1955, to June 30,1956, the Alumni Foundation's annual drive will be suspended. Inother words, there will not be twocampaigns, but the size of the alumnigoal in this major fund-raising effortis an indication that all alumni willbe asked to make much larger giftsthan they have to the Foundation.Three-year pledges will be sought.The Foundation will resume its appeal in 1956-57, but those paying onpledges to the major campaign willnot be solicited until they have completed their payments.The 440 committee chairmen whowork on the annual Foundation appeal will be asked to transfer theirefforts to the major campaign beginning on July 1 this year. In addition,many others will be called upon tovolunteer for the campaign period.Special arrangements are beingmade to establish close liaison between the co-chairmen and the localcommitteemen across the country.Pamphlets, leaflets and other campaign material will be available.The major share of the total fundgoal of $32.7 million will be solicitedfrom corporations, foundations andindividuals.The importance of alumni successto the success of the total effort cannot be over-emphasized."If alumni will give and showtheir interest and support in theirown university," the co-chairmenpoint out, "corporations and individuals will more readily make gifts."The co-chairmen repeated the time-tested motto of alumni fund-driveseverywhere: "If alumni fail to sup port their university in its ambitions,how can others be expected to?"As a preliminary to the campaign,Chancellor Kimpton invited a smallalumni group back to campus lastFebruary 25 and 26 to discuss theproposed fund drive. Some 55 responded, coming from such distantpoints as Florida, New York andCalifornia. They spent an entireweekend on campus listening to administration and faculty memberswho gave the University's story — itspresent position, its analysis of thefuture and its needs. The visitors approved the plans for the third majorcapital funds campaign in the University's history and pledged their unanimous support. (For Sponsoring Committee members' names, see page 31.)Earle LudginJUNE, 1955 15MEMBERS OF THE TEAMProfessors,Prospects,and the Public1 HE UNIVERSITY faculty haspledged its support for the 1955 all-out capital funds campaign.A committee headed by John A.Wilson, Andrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Professor of Egyptology at the Oriental Institute, hasbeen hard at work behind the scenesfor several months, making plans forthe faculty's role in the campaign.Serving on the Chancellor's Faculty Campaign Committee with Mr.Wilson are: Grosvenor W. Cooper,Associate Professor of Humanities andChairman of the Department of Music; Cyril O. Houle, Professor ofEducation; Walter Johnson, Professorof History and Chairman of the History Department; Andrew W. Law-son, Professor of Physics and theInstitute of Metals and Chairman ofthe Physics Department; Dr. Franklin C. McLean, Professor Emeritus,Physiology.Months in advance of the publicannouncement, the committee held 28meetings with various segments ofthe faculty, to inform them of campaign plans."We told them what we know ofthe plan, explained why it was beingset up, and what we felt it meantto the faculty," said Mr. Wilson."Afterwards we discussed it withthem and asked them to comment,criticize or volunteer their services.""We explained that within thetotal picture of the campaign, our committee will serve as a liaison between the administration and thefaculty and the trustees and the faculty," he said."We will use faculty members forspot activity wherever it makessense," he explained. "For example,when the steering committee says'here is something which should bedone', it will be our job to figureout how the faculty can be helpfulat that point, and to find the manto do the job.""It may be directly approaching aChairman WilsonLewellyn prospect for money, or it may bemaking speeches, wherever the manfits the job," Mr. Wilson said. "Forinstance, if a faculty member knowsa person who is a potential sourcefor a contribution, he may make theapproach, or he may do it togetherwith a trustee. We'll play it by ear.""Generally we will fill a publicrelations role," he said. "The University is not as well known in ourown home community as it shouldbe, and we feel the faculty can helpmake it better known."A speakers bureau has been set upby the committee, to supply speakersto clubs and civic organizations."We have experts on almost anytopic you can name," Mr. Wilsonsaid. "We will ask the faculty tospeak only in the fields in whichthey are experts, and leave the overall explanations about the University to the administration."Other sub-committees have beenset up on relations with industry;relations with foundations; facultyfund (to solicit the faculty directlyfor contributions) ; and departmentalalumni.The sub-committee on departmentalalumni will approach alumni throughthe various departments."Sometimes a graduate won't re-member the year he earned hisdegree," explained Mr. Wilson, "buthe usually feels an attachment to thedepartment in which he did his work."16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe college-age population will doubleby 1970. To meet this responsibility,Will Chicago Be Prepared?CHICAGO wants more students. Itis the announced policy of theBoard of Trustees and the Administration to raise enrollment — particularly College enrollment — from thecurrent figure of less than 1,500 toa total of 5,000 by 1965.The University has made a number of moves recently which indicates its conviction that alumni havenot merely a major role in the jobof student recruitment, but that anincrease in undergraduate enrollmentcannot possibly be successful without alumni help.The University is seeking thepromising student. It has for sixty-five distinguished years. It feels thatthe characteristics most likely to produce a University of Chicago alumnusare:— a better than average high schoolrecord, preferably in the top thirdof his class,— a marked degree of intellectualcuriosity,— and the wide social, athletic andcommunity interests so greatlyneeded in adult society.All alumni are urged to cooperatein this recruiting program by sending the names of promising highschool or preparatory seniors to theAlumni Office, and by talking withsuch students about The Universityof Chicago.At a campus assembly of over fiftyalumni on February 25 and 26, thevisitors pledged their support to astudent recruiting program as wellas to the unprecedented fund-raisingdrive now publicly announced. Afterhearing Chancellor Kimpton outlinethe University's current position, thealumni representatives unanimouslyagreed to help marshal the efforts ofgraduates across the country in thedrive to raise enrollment.At the February meeting, theChancellor pointed out that it is theUniversity's responsibility, togetherwith other American institutions ofhigher education, to prepare fornearly a two-fold increase in the col lege-age population by 1970. TheChancellor has repeatedly describedother equally compelling reasons fora substantial undergraduate body."The bleak economic fact is that wecannot exist solely as a graduate institution," Mr. Kimpton has said."The cost of research, the cost oftraining a student for the Ph.D.,must be borne in part at least by asubstantial number of undergraduatestudents. Furthermore, a graduateschool cannot really rely solely uponother institutions to provide it withcandidates for advanced degrees.There needs to be a sizable undergraduate group with a great rangeof types and interests so that somemay be selected for continuation tograduate and professional degreesand others will terminate happilywith the bachelor's degree."In implementing the decision toexpand the student body, an entirelynew organization within the Alumnioffice has been created. Under thedirection of Donald C. Moyer, Director of Student Alumni Recruitment,working with the Office of Admis-Donald C. Moyer sions, an alumni-staffed Committeefor Student Enrollment is beingestablished in thirty cities throughout the country. More than a dozensuch committees have already beenset up under local chairmen with fromfive to eight additional alumni members.Letters are going to all Chicagoalumni asking for "referrals" — thenames and addresses of young peopleconsidering a college education.Members of the volunteer committees take these names and, armedwith University of Chicago facts, figures and enthusiasm, seek out theyoung man or woman and urge himor her to apply to the Office of Admissions.As one of these interviewers commented: "I'm doing this because Iwant to and like to. But, in a way,it's an investment in my own future.By doing my bit to add successfuldegree-holders to the University'salumni body, I contribute to the University's greatness, and thus, materially enhance the value of my owndegree."What are some of the facts aboutthe kind of student and the kind ofqualifications necessary to enter theUniversity today? This question, inall its ramifications, is fundamentaland, at the same time, the hardestfor alumni to answer when they getin touch with the prospective Chicago student. It is the hardest forthe departed graduate because theUniversity changes slightly everyyear — if not every day — as it modelsand molds itself to the demands madeupon it by education and, indeed, bythe changing world.The Office of Admissions is preparing for publication an Interviewers'Manual for the local Committees forStudent Enrollment to answer manyof the obvious questions. One question the manual will answer is costof tuition. Tuition, often thought tobe exceedingly high at Chicago, isactually below that of other majorContinued on page 32JUNE, 1955 17JL J LJE 53rd STILLUSTRATIVE SITE PLANTO DEMONSTRATE FEASIBILITY OF LAND USESLUM AND BLIGHTED AREA REDEVELOPMENTPROJECTS HYDE PARK A AND HYDE PARK BCHICAGO LAND CLEARANCE COMMISSIONOCTOBER ^5, 1954 STRUCTURE TYPES ANDLAND USERESIDENTIALa EXISTING HOTEL AND STORES WlTuPROPOSED ADDITIONS Mb EXISTING WALKUP APARTMENTS VimPROPOSED ADDITIONSc ROW HOUSEd DOUBLE ROW HOUSE• ELEVATOR APARTMENTf PARKINGPUBLIC AND INSTITUTIONAL9 EXISTING SCHOOLh EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD CLUBi PLAYGROUNDCOMMERCIALj EXISTING GARAGEk EXISTING BUSINESS WITHPROPOSED ADDITION1 EXISTING ELECTRIC SUB-STATIONSHOPPINGm SUPERMARKETSn JR. DEPARTMENT STORE0 RESTAURANTSP OTHER STORESq FILLING STATIONr PEDESTRIAN CONCOURSE« PARKINGt TRUCK RAMPu BUS TERMINALV ILLINOIS CENTRAL STATIONDWELLING UNIT SCHEDULESTRUCTURE TYPE NO.ROW HOUSE 93DOUBLE ROW HOUSE 123ELEVATOR APARTMENT 525TOTAL DWELLING UNITS 74118 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDown Come The WallsX LANS FOR a greater Universityhave been; developed side-by-sidewith the all-community effort to keepthe University's neighborhood the safeand desirable residential area it hasbeen over the years.Last month, Hyde Parkers saw thefirst phase of the program for improving their neighborhood and rehabilitating its already blighted sections move from the planning to theaction stage. May 10 was the localD-day, when bulldozers went to workto demolish the first blighted building(marking the purchase of the firstblighted building for demolition) ina 47- acre tract to be cleared for redevelopment by the Chicago LandClearance Commission.A torchlight parade and the ceremonies launching the redevelopmentproject, known officially as Hyde ParkProjects A & B, also marked the thirdanniversary of the South East Chicago Commission, organized by community leaders to fight the spread ofslum conditions into Hyde Park.Under the leadership of ChancellorKimpton, as president, and JulianLevi, executive director, the S.E.C.C.sparkplugged the planning of theproject.The project will bring an entirelynew look to the down-at-the-heelsblocks around 55th Street and LakePark Avenue in the heart of HydePark.Main area to be cleared of aging,deteriorated buildings and re-builtwith modern housing and a shopping-< Hyde Park Redevelopment Projects A and B. On these sites rowhouses, maisonettes, elevator apartments and a shopping center will replace obsolescent and deterioratingbuildings, many built in the 1890's.The map shows a suggested plan forredevelopment, but exact details ofthe new buildings in the project willdepend on plans submitted by rede-velopers and approved by governmentagencies. center is a roughly T-shaped tract.It extends along Lake Park Avenueand the Illinois Central Railroad from54th Street to 57th Street, andstretches irregularly west both northand south of 55th Street as far asKimbark Avenue. A second smallerarea covers part of three blocks along54th Street between Blackstone Avenue and Kenwood Avenue, next tothe new Philip Murray elementaryschool.Project boundaries were drawnafter a thorough building-by -buildingsurvey by the Chicago Land Clearance Commission. The survey revealed that these blocks had amongthe most concentrated percentages inHyde Park of overcrowding, conversions from larger units and dilapidation. Boundaries are deliberately irregular. They were planned to keepand reinforce the good housing in thearea while clearing out obsolete anddecaying buildings, many built beforethe Columbian Exposition in 1893,which now threaten the surroundingneighborhood with slum-bred crime,social disorganization and juveniledelinquency.The irregular shape of the sitemarks a new and unique approach toslum clearance in Chicago. Previousslum clearance projects have beencarved out of extensive slum areas.They have had to be big enough tosurvive as self-sufficient units in themidst of blighted surroundings and tobe sharply separated by principalstreets, parks, the river or some otherdistinct physical barrier from theslums around them.In Hyde Park, the worst blightedsection consisted of a rotted core surrounded by well-maintained, stablehome areas. Project lines were drawnto preserve the sound and good buildings and to remove the noticeablydeteriorated ones, even in the sameblock.First step in Hyde Park's redevelopment is the purchase of the landin the site — over 200 separate parcels — by the Chicago Land ClearanceCommission, a city agency. C.L.C.C.will clear the land of existing build ings and put it in shape for sale toa redeveloper. A redeveloper, or re-developers, will then buy the land,at a cost written down to a "fair usevalue" by the commission and rebuild according to plans approvedby the commission, the City Council and the Federal Housing andHome Finance Agency.Kenwood Open HouseResidents of Kenwood threwopen their homes to the public May15 in the community's second annual open house. Visitors touredtwelve homes, three apartmentsand several gardens.The movement is sponsored by agroup of Kenwood residents whohave refused to join the flight tothe suburbs, and this is an attemptto persuade their neighbors to jointhem. They feel that city life ischanging, that old and unfair restrictive patterns are outdated andunwanted, and they hope to transform their community into a modelfor American life. Efforts of residents are directed at developingKenwood into an inter -racial areawhere property values are maintained and single family structuresretained.To achieve their goals, Kenwoodresidents are active in severalneighborhood organizations. Blockgroups meet monthly. A neighborhood redevelopment corporationhas been formed, under the guidance of the South East ChicagoCommission, and is working onlarge scale over-all plans for thearea. The Women's Real EstateCommittee, part of the group whichinitiated the open house movement, meets twice monthly and retains a paid executive secretary.The committee works solely to sellhomes to desirable people who willstrive to maintain them as singlefamily units. The committee hasthe cooperation of eight majorreal estate agencies in the area,S.E.C.C. and the Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference.Many University people live inthe area, and are active in theseorganizations.JUNE, 1955IB | !*W llll X 1i ^*» "t.¦.,-1 ••»"'_ ...V* -*.? ,.K*LLewellynThe big night finally came. Demolition of the first structure in Hyde Park was marked with a community celebrationon May 10. Chancellor Kimpton introduces Mayor Richard Daley to crowd, as searchlights play on about-to-be-demolished house at 5456 Blackstone Avenue.Federal, state and city funds totalling $10 million have been allocated for the land purchase andclearance — $6 million from the federal government, the balance fromstate and local slum clearance funds.Another $20 million will be spent bythe private redevelopers to build thenew housing and shopping center.Tentative redevelopment plans nowunder consideration at C.L.C.C. andthe StE.C.C. Planning Unit call forthe- erection of about 700 new housing units, the new shopping center, and playgrounds and off-streetparking facilities.Developers' proposals will determine the exact details of the numberand type of buildings to be constructed. But new housing units willbe of three types: elevator apartment buildings with small one andtwo-room units; two and three-storyrow town houses, with three or fourbedrooms, two baths and privategardens; and four-story double maisonettes, with two or three bedrooms.A double maisonette is one row-house on top of another; access tothe upper row house will be by agallery running lengthwise along theroof of the lower house. Elevator apartments and some ofthe maisonettes will be rental units.Town houses will be sold to privateowners. Some maisonettes also willbe sold as cooperatives or as duplexesfor two-family ownership.The elevator apartments, 10-12stories high, will be located at theeast end of the project, from 55thStreet to 56th Street between Blackstone and Lake Park Avenues. Maisonettes will also be built on thestrip along the south side of 55thStreet from Blackstone to KimbarkAvenues, and row houses will go upin the area around Philip Murrayschool at 54th and Kenwood Avenue.The new shopping center will extendalong the north side of 55th Streetfrom Lake Park to Kenwood Avenue, with parking areas to the northof it.All the new housing units will haveoff-street parking space. The maisonettes and row houses will haveparking bays adjoining the buildings,and elevator buildings will have openparking spaces in a park-like settingaround them. In addition, they willhave indoor parking space in twoexisting garage* buildings on Lake Park Avenue that will not be demolished in the project.Plans for the shopping center callfor a three-block long pedestrian concourse in its center, running fromthe I.C. station to the University National Bank at Kimbark Avenue.Shops will face inward on the concourse rather than on 55th Street.Lower level loading facilities arecontemplated to separate truck trafficfrom automobiles, which will usetree-lined parking areas to the northof the center.All north-south streets betweenKimbark and Lake Park Avenueswill be closed at 55th Street, exceptfor Dorchester Avenue. Harper Avenue south of 55th Street will bevacated to give room for the elevatorapartments and town houses.A single redeveloper may undertake the entire project, or severalHyde Park-Kenwood Urban Renewal area. Application for federalfunds to plan for urban renewal ofHyde Park-Kenwood is now awaitingapproval in Washington. Studies willlead to an integrated plan for meeting the problems of the whole area.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE. . . l * *J _ __ uum^iTrn imiu£ . ... l •*redevelopers may be selected tocarry out different portions of theplanned redevelopment. Several interested groups have been preparingproposals for C.L.C.C. considerationin recent months.Faculty members of the Universityare informally discussing the possibility of getting a developer to buildthem groups of larger homes in thesoutheast corner of the project. Tentative plans of the group contemplatethirty or thirty-five one-story "patio"type homes, and two and three -storyrow houses slightly larger thanplanned for in the over-all development, which would be sold to individual owners.To ease the thorny problems of relocating families and businesses displaced by the project, clearance of theland and redevelopment will go forward in stages. In many previousslum clearance projects, the wholesite has been acquired and clearedbefore rebuilding begins. In theHyde Park projects, plans are fordemolition and rebuilding to be carried on as soon as the land in one section is assembled, while land purchase goes on in other sections.C.L.C.C. is setting up a relocationoffice on the site to help familieswho must be moved to find otherhomes. It will be assisted in its relocation program by the Hyde-Park-Kenwood Community Conferenceand the S.E.C.C. A sample surveyby the National Opinion ResearchCenter of the University last August showed that 892 families livedin the project area, 96% of themtenants and 4% homeowners. A substantial proportion are expected tofind new housing themselves. Therest will be assisted by Land Clearance and the community organizations to find suitable housing instandard quarters at rents they canpay, before they are moved fromthe project.Plans to help businessmen on 55thStreet who will be displaced by theproject and construction of the newshopping center are receiving carefulconsideration by the commission andprospective redevelopers.The whole project will take three or four years to complete.But clearance and rebuilding of asection of Hyde Park is only the firstpart of the job of conserving thewhole Hyde Park-Kenwood area asa desirable residential community.While the projects got under way,plans for the whole area moved forward too.As the next step, the Chicago Community Conservation Board, a cityagency concerned with neighborhoodredevelopment to prevent deterioration of the city's middle-aged communities, applied to the federal government for funds to prepare studiesand plans for Hyde Park-Kenwoodas an "urban renewal" area underthe new Federal Housing Act of 1954.Its proposed studies would coverthe problems of the area from 47thStreet to the Midway and from Cottage Grove Avenue to the lake, except for the University campus andthe Hyde Park slum clearance projects.Among the many advantages of thearea, the C.C.C.B. enumerates itsContinued on page 32University faculty members have proposed redevelopment of the southeast corner of the project with more substantialhomes which they would buy. This architect's model shows a suggested plan for such new housing, to be located between 56th and 57th streets and Blackstone and Lake Park Avenues. View is from the corner of 56th and Lake Park,looking south and west.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEReflections After FiveReportfromWonderlandby Robert M. StrozierDean of Students The King and Queen of HeartsILT BEGAN modestly, even inauspi-ciously. A small group sat around aconference table last fall and talkedof a weekend where the originality ofour students could be demonstrated.— ArTahd music were to be the focus ofthe Festival.Gerhard Meyer had long dreamedof such a weekend, and it was hewho had asked me to invite a fewpeople to discuss the project. JoshuaTaylor (Art), Richard Vikstrom (Collegium), Harold Haydon (Art), Marvin Phillips (Theatre), Peter GramSwing (Glee Club), Meyer and I werepresent.Before the meeting ended it wasevident that an exciting idea had beenlaid before us. Every person presentwas enthusiastic and agreed to participate. The suggestion was made toinvite the parents of students to bepresent for the occasion and to combine the traditional Parents' Weekendwith the Festival. The dates selectedwere April 14-17, Thursday throughSunday.In each succeeding week additionswere made to the original plans; neverhave I seen such imaginative planning. The by-products of the originalidea began to assume amazing proportions.A student, Arthur Green, assumedthe general chairmanship, with Harold Haydon and Joshua Taylor as co-chairmen. George Watkins, hearingof the idea, like any good vice-president in charge of development, immediately saw the potential for betterrelations with our neighbors andfriends, and agreed to lend his sup port, financial and moral. He assignedBill Cannon of his staff to work withus in every possible way. Bill Morgenstern offered the services of pressrelations.Ruth McCarn agreed to handle theinvitations and relations with parents.In her planning she included a tea forparents and students at Ida Noyes forSaturday afternoon of the Festival.Then the suggestion of a Beaux ArtsMasquerade Ball for Saturday evening was made. Immediately JohnNetherton (College) and Mollie Lunsford (student) became co-chairmen ofthe project and plans were underway. Hutchinson Commons was thelogical place for a masked ball, butoh the headaches, the trials of clearing all the details with Buildings andGrounds — no dinner to be served inthe Commons that evening, decorations to be made and arranged — endless, endless work.A famous poet should be heard inRockefeller Chapel. John Thompson(Dean of the Chapel) would cooperate in planning an outstandingaffair there. Ellen Borden Stevensonhad already invited William CarlosWilliams to Chicago to read his poetryat the 1020 Art Center — here was achance for co-operation, and Ellenwas like a member of the Universityfamily in arranging the two performances.The vast resources of InternationalHouse were a logical addition to anyreal festival. Michael Pitman andIrene Gagaoudaki began their planning for a Festival of Nations forSunday of the weekend. There should be something foreveryone. Why not athletic contests?T. N. Metcalf changed his entireschedule to bring to the campus abaseball game, a track meet and tennis matches, and Bud Beyer's Acrotheatre joined with the Modern DanceGroup and Folklore Society to planan afternoon performance in MandelHall.The talents of the glee club, band,theatre, collegium, carillon were committed.A few serious students told me theythought the students were not interested in the project although by nowStudent Government, Inter-FraternityCouncil and other groups had endorsed the project. Most peopleagreed that the athletic events wouldlikely be rained out. It always rainsin April.As weeks passed Hal Haydon, JoshTaylor and Freeman Schoolcraftlet their imaginations run riot. Theydecided to decorate the campus atfestival time with original plaquesmade by themselves and their students. Now came the brilliant suggestion of borrowing sculpture fromleading Chicago sculptors to lend further artistic touches to the campusitself.Each day brought new plans, andnew expenses! Hutchinson Court became the physical focus of the Festival. The statuary would be centeredthere; here the band would play atnoon on Friday and Saturday withWilliam Kaplan (student director)and Leland Smith (Music) directing.JUNE, 1955 23Two weeks before the Festivalwhen all of us were experiencing thatinevitable slump, sure in our heartsthat the Festival would be the greatest flop in University annals, a novelidea sprung from Dick Van der Feenof the Development Office. Why nota concours d' elegance, a showing ofimported and sports cars owned byour students in the circle at noon onSaturday? I told him that after serving as chairman of the committee onscholarships and fellowships for manyyears, I was convinced that we had nostudents with automobiles, much lessJaguars. He, a sports car enthusiasthimself, knew of many.The planning and activity of allthese leaders and many students nowreached a crescendo. A hundred dollars in prizes would be given to winners in the Student Art Exhibition.On Monday evening, three days before the beginning of the Festival andfive days before the great Beaux ArtsBall, eight tickets to the Ball hadbeen sold! Every member of the committee of every event felt completelydeflated by the news which was keptas quiet as possible. Neila Fermi,Mary Davis, Mary Alice Newman,Mrs. Cyril Stanley Smith, and otherswho had been drawn into the BallCommittee shared our dejection. Students at Chicago were perhaps afterall nothing but book worms! Theywere anti-social! They were unappre-ciative!The Quadrangle Club had agreedto serve a special buffet for membersbefore the Ball, arid on Tuesday evening had only twenty-five reservations. A flop! I, however, had decidedto attend everything for three days;so there would be someone present.Finally the day arrived. It was thebeginning of a glorious spring weekend, such as Chicago too rarely givesus. Earlier rains and warmth hadforced the jonquils, the forsythia andthe flowering shrubs; the leaves onthe trees were doing their best.Spring, in fact, was burgeoning physically and spiritually.The carillon rang out; the chimesplayed. There was a festive air tothe entire campus. Hal Haydon andIrene Friedman had devised gay, artistic plaques for the trees and lightposts, and James Camp and othershad hung them with red and whitestreamers. The sculpture had arrivedand was impressive. Freeman Schoolcraft had scored again.The commitee on the Student ArtExhibition had been overwhelmed bythe quantity and quality of the student painting and sculpture turned in to Lexington Hall, scene of the exhibition. They planned to serve punchto about two hundred guests. Whenfour hundred arrived they w^ere dismayed but not displeased. JacquelineGourevitch, John O'Reilly, EdgarBernstein, George Talbot, Irwin Dines,Myrna Lewis, Eugene Newmann, JohnPotochnick, Arline Meyer, and Edward Zolpe were prize winners. Therewas an air of success to the Festivaland all its parts.A ground swell of interest had occurred. Perhaps our students wrerenot so bad after all. Tickets for theBall were selling better; the Quadrangle Club had fifty -six reservationsby Thursday afternoon.Dick Vikstrom's performances arealways brilliant, but his CollegiumMusicum that evening was pure joy.Robert Bloch (student) starred in theMendelssohn violin concerto.At noon on Friday when the bandbegan to play in Hutchinson Courtthere was only a small group present,but as the program proceeded, moreand more arrived until the court wascomfortably filled. Kaplan and Smithalternated directing this valiant groupwhich had started from scratch lastFall, and is now a credit to the University.The Williams lecture in the afternoon brought out nine hundred students, faculty members, and manyprominent citizens of Chicago. Mrs.George Ranney, daughter of the EdRyersons and wife of the trustee, whohad given a press luncheon in advanceof the Festival, wras there with hermother and Mrs. William WoodPrince. Elder Olson introduced Williams with grace and wit, and Mr.Williams gave a very interestingreading and commentary. The Kimp-tons entertained him and severalmembers of the committees after thelecture. (Mrs. Kimpton missed herown party, as she was serving on thejury and could not be released evenfor the Festival of the Arts, but theChancellor did the honors with hisusual charming informality.)The performance of Gogol's TheInspector .General presented by University Theatre in Mandel Hall thatevening was impressive. Again goodcrowds, again superior presentation.The show was on the road!Ted Haydon's track team, KyleAnderson's baseball team and BillMoyle's tennis players (who wonevery match over Navy Pier) drewunprecedented crowds. The MandelHall performance of Acrotheatre, theModern Dancers and the Folklore Society was an added pleasure and credit to the University, and the tea.which followed in Ida Noyes withRuth McCarn, Bill Scott, Bob Woellner, John Davey, Valerie Wickhemand other members of my staff ashosts was warm, friendly and gay.But gaiety reached its peak thatevening with the Ball. It had by nowbecome evident that there would bea good crowd, but no one was prepared for what happened. The Quadrangle Club had more than a hundredreservations from members, all ofwhom came in interesting costumes.Mrs. Wendell Harrison had suggestedthat several of us who were hosts tothe judges of costumes for the evening represent characters from Alicein Wonderland. The Veep, Pat Harrison, stole the show from almosteveryone, faculty and students alike,as the rabbit; Mary Harrison was afetching Alice, the Chancellor an impressive mad hatter: his wife a handsome red duchess. My wife and Icompleted the costumed group as theking and queen of hearts. With uswere Lieutenant Governor John W.Chapman, Marty! Langsdorf and JayBerwanger as judges for the evening.When we arrived at the entrance toMandel Corridor we were amazed tobe hardly able to enter because ofthe tremendous crowd. Such costumes, such gaiety and good humor.I have been in and about the University for many years, and I havenever seen an evening like it on thiscampus. Those who had been aloofand had not made plans to go weredisappointed. But had many morebeen there, it would have been impossible to dance at all. The Kimptonsand Harrisons led the grand march.Ail throughout Saturday the foreign cars of our students dazzledcrowds in the circle. Five Jaguars,one Mercedes-Benz and twenty othermodels were inspected by the envious.Sunday?s program highlighted asplendid sermon by Dean Thompson,a Chamber Music concert of originalcompositions in Ida Noyes, a Carillonconcert by Mr. Lawson, an organrecital by Robert Lodine, culminatingin a resounding success at International House with its Festival of Nations. Dozens of residents of theHouse had worked to display the objects d'art of their nations and to participate in the performance, and hundreds of spectators including most ofthe consular corps came to enjoy theaffair.Well, the first Festival has passed.When Jay Berwanger left the Ball onSaturday he said, "We accept for nextyear." This seemed to express thefeeling of everyone on campus.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Concert Band gives an outdoor concert inHutchinson Court to open the Festival. Leland C.Smith, Music Instructor, conducts.Festival of the ArtsThe Austrian group presents a shadowplay at the Festival of the Nations atInternational House.JUNE, 1955 Terry Lunsford, Admission Counselor,came to Beaux Arts Ball as comic stripcharacter Stainless Steel.Hutchinson Commons shakes off itsusually somber air for the ball.Joy and Jack Burbach came asa famous pad and pencil set."Dr." Ellsworth McClenachan clutcheshuge "hypo" needle. Pat Northrup isthe thermometer.(Photos by Lewellyn) The Chancellor, as the Mad Hatter,and Mrs. Kimpton as the Red Duchess.Costume judges Martyl Langsdorf,Illinois Lt. Gov. John W. Chapman,'15, JD '17, and Jay Berwanger, '36,put their heads together. Behind the mane, George Talbot as alion, Peggy Hammond as a unicorn.Judy Kissen, as Miss Virgin Islandsof 1955, gets a helping hand fromJudge Berwanger.The prize-winning group: Crusaders Jerry Zisook,Sandi Turchek, Jay Levine, Betty Skibby, MarcellaFolardi and Bob Smith.27A potential customer tries on a fezat Festival of Nations bazaar at International House.Elder Olsen, William Carlos Williams, and DeanRobert Strozier talk over Williams' work at Rockefeller Chapel, where he spoke.Judges Joseph Shapiro and Rainey Bennett admire"Japanese Sphinx," prize-winning sculpture instudent art exhibit. Irwin Dins, the artist, looks on.28University NewsGROUCHO OR KARL?O TUDENT FORUM celebrated MayDay with an English -style debate inReynolds Club lounge. Their topic:"Resolved that Groucho has donemore good for mankind than Karl."The affirmative won, hands down,after a hilarious two -hour session.University audiences have taken toEnglish- style debates (in which theaudience is invited to participate atany time) with great glee. StudentForum has attracted large crowds toseveral highly successful debates inthe student club rooms during thepast few months.Educational Radio"New World," a new concept ineducational radio shows, will replace the University Round Tablein June. It will be part of the National Broadcasting Company's newweekend "Monitor" cycle."New World" will attempt to showthe dual role of universities in contributing to the rapidly changing pattern of modern civilization and insolving the problems scientists andscholars have helped create. For example, university specialists in atomicscience, having been largely responsible for the atomic age, are nowworking on answers to the problemsthe world faces as a result ofnuclear discoveries.The University Round Table which"New World" replaces was a pioneereducational program and the first tobe presented without a script. It began locally in Chicago over WMAQ inFebruary, 1931, and went on the network in October, 1933. It was theoldest educational broadcast continuously on the air.Edward W. Rosenheim, Jr., radiodirector of the University, thinksthat the "New World" will providea new and broader opportunity for educational network broadcasting."This new program will have theflexibility to present many kinds ofinteresting aspects of the relation ofthe University, of education andscholarship and research to the affairs of the world," Mr. Rosenheimsaid.As did the Round Table, "NewWorld" will draw not only upon thefaculty of the University, but alsowill use many outside authorities asthe needs of the particular programindicate. "New World" will be entirely a presentation of the University, with Mr. Rosenheim directingprogram content and production.New Band DirectorFor the first time in almost fifteenyears the University has appointeda professional band director. LouisLason, conductor of the CalumetHigh School Band, Chicago, has nowtaken charge of the concert band.Mr. Lason assumed the directorship just after the Festival of Artsprogram in April. Leland Smith,faculty, and William Kaplan, a student, prepared and conducted theband during the Festival concerts.Establish New ScholarshipA new scholarship fund has beenestablished at the University by ChiRho Sigma Alumnae. Mrs. Nelly eNewton Archambeault, vice-president of the group, presented the$7,500 fund.The scholarship is to be known asthe Chi Rho Sigma Scholarship Fundfor University Women. Interest onthe principal of $7,500 will be used fortuition for undergraduate women students. Chi Rho Sigma is a women'ssocial club founded at the Universityin 1903. Students Win HonorTwo senior students at the University Law School have received acoveted honor. They have been appointed to clerkships with Justicesof the Supreme Court of the UnitedStates.The students are Harold A. WardIII of Winter Park, Fla. and RobertW. Hamilton of Arlington, Va. Mr.Ward will serve as clerk to JusticeHugo Black, and Mr. Hamilton willbe clerk for Justice Tom C. Clark.The students are at present managing editors of the University's LawReview.The appointment to a SupremeCourt clerkship, an honor given tograduating law students, is made onthe basis of legal scholarship.Siamese Twins SeparatedSiamese twins who were successfully separated in a difficult operation at Billings Hospital on March 29went home to Siam recently.Like the original Siamese twins,Chang and Eng, the two little girlswere born in Thailand (Siam) andwere joined at the lower chest. Butunlike Chang and Eng, two-year-oldPrissana and Napit, as a result ofmodern operative techniques will beable to live normal lives.Their parents are schoolteachers ina small Thai village twenty milesfrom a main road and far from anymedical services. An aged midwifeassisted at the birth. When one twindeveloped an illness at three weeksof age, the headman of the villageasked the authorities of the provincefor help.Later, the twins came to the attention of some Americans in Bangkok.X-rays showed the possibility of separating them. The Americans inBangkok arranged through a U.S.government agency, the ForeignJUNE, 1955 29LewellynTwelve university and research librarians from India enjoy a farewell luncheon with University librarians at the Quadrangle Club. The librarians spent three weeks on the Chicago campus this spring. The group visited the U. S. underState Department auspices through the specialist exchange program set up in the Wheat Loan Act of 1953.Operations Administration, to havethem flown here for the operation.The Home for Destitute CrippledChildren assumed the cost of theirhospitalization.The twins were joined not only bybreastbone cartilage but also sharedone large liver and their abdominalcavities were not entirely separate.The separating operation was performed by Dr. Lester Dragstedt, assisted by Drs. James Rule, DonnaSommer and Lester Dragstedt, Jr.New DeanChauncey D. Harris, professor ofgeography and authority on the geography and agricultural economy ofSoviet Russia, has been appointeddean of the Division of Social Sciences.Mr. Harris has been acting deanof the division since October, 1954,when he succeeded Morton Grodzins.Mr. Grodzins resigned as dean whenhe was appointed special projects advisor to the chancellor.A member of the faculty since 1943,Mr. Harris served as chief of portsand urban studies section of the Office of Strategic Services. He is editor of the American edition of Economic Geography of the USSR byBalzak, Vasyutin and Feigen, and amember of the Association of American Geographers, the institute ofBritish Geographers, Association deGeographes Francais and the International Geographical Union.Memorial FundA group of Millard Binyon's faculty friends is raising a fund toestablish an annual prize in his mem ory. The prize will be awarded tooutstanding students who by thethird or fourth years of their undergraduate work have manifested "humane, sensitive and imaginativequalities in their work in one or moreof the following fields: music, art,languages and literature, history,philosophy."Mr. Binyon was an associate professor of the Humanities (College).He died November 23.A Punch on the NoseCap and Gown, student yearbook,has had the biggest sales in the threeyears of its post-war revival, EditorPaul Hoffman reports. It also came outon time (a new departure) andpromptly earned Editor Hoffman apunch on the nose, for some particularly strong editorializing on a fellowpublication, the Maroon. Hoffman, atlast reports, was still in hiding fromother irate segments of the studentbody, for his candid appraisal of undergraduate feelings since the changeover from Hutchins to Kimpton.Nef FoundationEstablishment of the Elinor CastleNef Foundation has been announced.Its twofold purpose will be to support the Committee on Social Thoughtand perpetuate the memory of Mrs.Nef, who died in 1953. She was thewife of John U. Nef, Professor of Economics and History, and chairman ofthe Committee on Social Thought.Mrs. Nef's posthumous literary 'work has won distinguished recognition in France, Great Britain and theU. S. The London Times Literary Supplement called her "one of themost interesting Americans of hertime."Appointed to CommissionLaird Bell, lawyer and honorarytrustee of the University, has beenappointed by the White House toserve on the Department of State'sAdvisory Commission on EducationalExchange.Mr. Bell, a member of the law firmof Bell, Boyd, Marshall and Lloydof Chicago, was appointed to fill thevacancy on the Commission causedby the expiration of Dr. J. L. Morrill's term of office and the designation of Dr. Rufus Fitzgerald to succeed Dr. Morrill as chairman.Teacher Endows ScholarshipsA. Royall Gay, AM '18, a Chicagohigh school teacher, has endowed twoscholarships a year at the University for outstanding science students.The winners will be chosen fromeach semester's graduating class atMorgan Park High School where Mr.Gay has taught for 31 years. Mr.Gay, 65, head of Morgan Park's science department, plans to retire inthe near future. Mrs. Gay, (Hazel E.Brodbeck, '12 SM 19), a scienceteacher at Englewood High School,will share in the endowment plan.After Mr. Gay received his master's degree, he continued to attendclasses part time at the University, hiswife accompanying him, and hascompleted the equivalent of fouryears' graduate work.The first winner of the scholarship,Pete Werner, 17, has entered theUniversity.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENew TrusteeWilliam V. Kahler was elected amember of the Board of Trustees ata meeting in April. Mr. Kahler ispresident of Illinois Bell TelephoneCo.New Divinity DeanWalter J. Harrelson, Old TestamentScholar and archaeologist, as well asan active Baptist churchman, hasbeen named dean of the Universityof Chicago Divinity School.His appointment followed on theheels of the recent selection of JeraldC. Brauer, PhD '48, 33-year-oldLutheran minister, as dean of theFederated Theological Faculty. Thisserves the University of ChicagoDivinity School (Baptist), ChicagoTheological Seminary (Congregational), Disciples Divinity House (Disciples of Christ), and Meadville Theological School (Unitarian).Harrelson, 35, succeeds William N.Hawley, dean of students of theDivinity School, who has served asacting dean since the resignation ofBernard M. Loomer in 1953.Currently a member of the facultyof Andover Newton Theological Seminary, Boston, Harrelson is an ordained Baptist minister who preachesregularly in Baptist churches in theeast, and is a frequent contributor toBaptist denominational publications,as well as scholarly journals. Hisfields of scholarship, include not onlyBiblical history and Old Testamentlanguages, including Hebrew, Akkadian, Aramaic and Ugaritic, but alsophilosophy and archaeology as relatedto religious history.Dr. Brauer joined the staff of F.T.F.in 1950 as an assistant professor, andlast year was promoted to associateprofessor. His scholarly interest covers both the history of Christianthought and Church history, particularly the history and influence ofPuritanism in the United States andEngland. His major publication is"Protestantism in America," publishedin 1953, which was chosen as book ofthe year by the Presbyterian Boardof Christian Education and was for ayear on the list of best selling booksamong ministers.He received his AB from Carthage(Illinois) College, and his DB fromNorthwestern Lutheran TheologicalSeminary, Minneapolis.JUNE, 1955 Members of the alumniW. R. Bimson, 18PhoenixC. Arthur Bruce, '06MemphisHerman D. Carus, '12La Salle, 111.Samuel Chutkow, 18, JD '20DenverMargaret Merrifield Clark, '39ChicagoMichael K. Copass, JD '30SeattleIra G. Corn, Jr., '47DallasSeward A. Covert, '26ClevelandJohn F. Dille, Jr., '35Elkhart, Ind.Barbara Cook Dunbar, '32ChicagoDexter Fairbank, '35Portland, Ore.Robert B. Giffen, '36AtlantaDr. D. A. Glomset, '35, MD '38Des Moines, la.John A. Greene, 14ClevelandGeorge C. Hoffman, '25, JD '28Springfield, 111.Samuel J. Horwitz, '32, JD '34ChicagoJohn S. Ivy, '22HoustonFred C. Jenkins, '36MilwaukeeW. R. Jenkins, '24MinneapolisThomas L. Karsten, '37, JD '39BaltimoreLewis Kayton, '22San AntonioDr. Graham A. Kernwein, '26, MD ':Rockford, 111.Paul R. Kitch, JD '35WichitaEdward G. Kominek, '37, MBA '39TucsonHarold S. Laden, '27PhiladelphiaRalph N. Larson, '25San FranciscoGeorge S. Leisure, 14New YorkW. L. Littleford, '41Buffalo campaign fund sponsoring committee are:William P. MacCracken, Jr., '09, JD 11Washington, D.C.B. C. MacDonald, '20St. LouisLawrence J. MacGregor, 16Chatham, N. J.John Masek, '23, MBA '50Winter Park, Fla.Gifford M. Mast, '35DavenportJohn F. Merriam, '25OmahaJohn Mills, '32Rochester, N.Y.Thomas R. Mulroy, '26, JD '28ChicagoJohn G. Neukom, '34San FranciscoLeRoy D. Owen, '21Los AngelesEllmore C. Patterson, '35New YorkRobert H. Pease, '35, MBA '47DetroitJ. E. Ratner, '30, AM '32MinneapolisCatharine G. Rawson, '25ChicagoE. D. Ries, '20WilmingtonKenneth A. Rouse, '28ChicagoCole Y. Rowe, 10Jacksonville, 111.Carol Mason Russell, 19ChicagoFrederick Sass, Jr., '30, JD '32Chevy Chase, Md.Louis C. Sass, '32PittsburghThomas E. Scofield, 13Kansas City, Mo.Henry Shull, 14Sioux CityBarbara Miller Simpson, 18ChicagoFlorence Cook Slayton, '25ChicagoCharles V. Stansell, 11Kansas City, Mo.Robert C. Upton, '38St. Joseph, Mich.Carl D. Werner, '21DaytonG. H. Westby, '20TulsaRaymond H. Wittcoff, '42St. Louis31Continued from page 11private universities. In the College,tuition amounts to $690 for threequarters.Entrance requirements today areflexible and broad and, in the wordsof the Chancellor, "are designed toattract students who have a good balance of scholastic ability and interestin non- academic activities. Each caseis judged on its own merits. As ageneral outline, however, I would saythis: if the student comes to us fromthe 'average' high school he shouldbe in the upper third of his class."On another recent occasion, theChancellor said, "We need and wantthe boy who will come to our University for its great undergraduateprogram and who will upon its completion become a good citizen and asuccessful businessman. And marriage, motherhood, and an intelligentrole in community affairs is not, Ihope, a deplorable career for ouryoung women."Mr. Kimpton has also spoken onanother problem the University meetsin its effort to attract greater enrollment: "We must fracture this stereotype that exists in the minds of thosewho can send us students. Our student body is far more diversified thanthey picture it We want a verybroad cross-section of young Ameri-Continued from page 22tradition as one of the fine olderresidential communities of the city,its predominantly good housing, active community interest in urbanrenewal and the influence of the University which extends through thearea. But its problems and the deteriorating factors at work in partsof the community call for detailedstudy, and make it eligible as an"urban renewal area" for federal assistance to maintain it as a residentialcommunity.Overcrowding, conversions, agingbuildings, lack of recreational areasand schools, lack of parking space,are among the problems found bypreliminary surveys of the area.Within the Hyde Park-Kenmorearea, sections of definitely deteriorated housing which should probablybe cleared and rebuilt, exist aroundthe fringes, on Cottage Grove Avenue, 47th Street, Lake Park Avenueand along the west end of 55th Street.Central Kenwood consists of about100 acres where large mansions with cans at our University. . . . We needat once to be attractive to all youngpeople from this country and abroadwho value an education and whopossess the minds to profit by oursuperior program, facilities and personnel; and who are well-roundedindividuals able to play a role in ourcongenial atmosphere through awholesome and rich extracurricularlife."Mr. Moyer, busy helping establishthe local Committees for Student Enrollment, says he finds alumni occasionally at a loss to describe the current programs at the University. Hedescribes the following "admittedlyover-simplified" summary as helpfulin his own case."The College of The University ofChicago has a superior method ofteaching. It is individualized. It usesthe discussion method. Classes average about 25 students. In general,standard texts are not used. Instead,original works are used as basicmaterial. Placement examinationsare given to entering students sothat no one takes a course on a subject with which he is already familiar. The practice, prevalent elsewhere, of using graduate studentsto teach undergraduate classes, isalmost unknown at Chicago. Furthermore, staff members of the Col-spacious grounds and homes are therule, many of them still occupied bysingle families. But some units havebeen illegally converted to multi-family occupancy or turned intorooming houses, and others have beentaken over by institutions for nurses'residences, private schools and religious organizations, because of thehigh costs of maintaining them assingle family homes. The problemhere is to try to keep the area oneof single family homes, while working out a controlled program forconversion of selected structures. Thearea needs additional school facilities.Northwest- Hyde Park, between 51stand 55th Streets west of WoodlawnAvenue suffers from poor conversion of many large apartments, mostlybuilt before 1920, to small, overcrowded units, without adequate sanitary facilities. Older single familyhomes are becoming rooming houses.More adequate school facilities hereare needed, too.East Hyde Park, east of the IllinoisCentral, is made up of numerouselevator apartments, apartment ho- lege are always seeking new waysto improve their teaching methods.The University is the home of someof the world's greatest scientists,doctors and scholars and the opportunity for some of their greatnessto 'rub off' is real and feasible evenat the undergraduate level. In fact,many of the leading scholars deliverlectures in the College generalcourses."The recent revision of the undergraduate curriculum is already having an effect upon undergraduateenrollment. Last fall's entering classwas up forty percent over that of ayear before. The four-year programsfor bachelor's degrees include the fulleffect of the Chicago-developed system of general education and offer avarying amount of specialization in aparticular field during the last quarters. The new curriculum re -affirmsthe University's traditional claim ofoffering the advantages of a small liberal arts college within the contextof a great graduate and research institution.The University is convinced thatthe success of the major student recruitment drive now underway depends upon the alumni's ability torecommend young people. All alumniwill be contacted. All "referrals" —and all suggestions — will be welcome.tels, and large commercial plus soundbut aging three-story walk-up apartments. But scattered through thearea, smaller, older houses are beingconverted to rooming houses. Parking space is a big problem in thearea.Studies to be carried on under thefederal grant by the Chicago Community Conservation Board include:basic fact-gathering on housing densities in the area, land use, illegalconversion, and population characteristics; what areas need total slumclearance; feasibility of selectiveclearance and rehabilitation in otherareas; future school enrollments inthe area; possibility of clearing smallplots for neighborhood parks; typeand amounts of existing commercialuses, especially marginal low-rentoperations; traffic problems and theneed for through streets; provisionsfor parking areas and the like.On the basis of the proposed studies,plans for redevelopment of HydePark-Kenwood will be drawn up, andfederal and local assistance for theprogram applied for.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE09John J. Schommer, of Chicago, is adevelopment officer and on the board oftrustees of Illinois Institute of Technology. Though now 70, Mr. Schommer isactively working raising funds for I.I.T.'sdevelopment program. Mr. Schommer isa well known figure in college sports.While at the University, he broke trackmeet records, was an All-American basketball center and was also outstandingin baseball and football. Later at I.I.T.he coached all of the athletic teams andwas athletic director.14John A. Greene, president of the OhioBell Telephone Co., was honored recently by his associates in the companyon the 40th anniversary of his enteringthe telephone business. He was presentedwith a diamond-studded 40-year servicepin.15-16Hugo Swan, now a lawyer in Dallas,Texas, plans to tour Europe this summer.Edward Wesley Taylor, who is retiredas principal of Fairgrieve Junior HighSchool, Fulton, N. Y., has just returnedto his home in Fulton after spending thewinter with his wife in De Land, Fla.Edwin Zeddies, vice-president of Cur-tiss Candy Co., was honored at the firm'sannual dinner for 25-year veterans asCurtiss' first employee. Zeddies joinedthe late Otto Schnering, Curtiss' founder, on Dec. 1, 1916, the day the companybegan operations. He subsequently became sales manager and was named avice-president in 1936.Woman of DistinctionAgnes A. Sharp, 16, AM '30,PhD '38, is Chicago's Woman ofDistinction for 1955 — according tothe Women's Advertising Club ofChicago.A consulting and clinical psychologist, Dr. Sharp is Chief ofthe Volunteer Services Program inMental Hospitals of Illinois, StateDepartment of Public Welfare.She was cited in March by theWomen's Advertising Club andpresented with a gold pearl bracelet. Agnes Sharp was cited forgood citizenship by the AlumniAssociation at our June Reunionin 1946. ISPaul G. Blazer, chairman of AshlandOil & Refining Co., was elected "Ken-tuckian of the Year" by the KentuckyPress Assn.20Eloise Smith Carpenter lives in Aberdeen, South Dakota and currently is continuing her interest in music by servingas a member of the board of directors ofthe National Federation of Music Clubs.Mary Viola Rinehart Lamb is nowmarried and living in Myrtle Point, Oregon. Her husband is in the loggingbusiness.22John L. Bracken, AM, was the recipient of an honorary citation from Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.Mr. Bracken is an instructor and superintendent of schools in Clayton, Missouri.23Phil E. Church was elected a councilorof the American Meteorological Society.Mr. Church is executive officer, Department of Meteorology and Climatology,University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.25Herbert A. Ball has been named qualitycontrol manager of the Metals Division ofOlin Mathieson Chemical Corp., EastAlton, 111. Mr. Ball joined the Olin organization in 1946 as a metallurgist. He isa native of Wheaton, 111.26Berthold C. Friedl, AM, of CoralGables, Fla., entertained Universityalumni now on the University of Miamistaff at a tea commemorating LanguageWeek. Mr. Friedl was chairman of theLanguage Week committee.29Bert C. Goss, AM, was elected president of Hill & Knowlton Inc., New YorkCity public relations counsel. Mr. Gosshas been the firm's executive vice-president since 1953.Adolph J. Toigo has succeeded to thepresidency of Lennen & Newell, NewYork City. Yi-Pao Mei is visiting lecturer in theDepartment of Philosophy at PrincetonUniversity this year, an appointmentmade possible largely through thePrinceton- Yenching Foundation. Dr. Meiwas formerly Dean of the College ofArts and Sciences at Yenching University in Peiping, and was acting presidentduring the refugee war years in Chengtu.Macha Rosenthal, Assistant Professorof English at New York University, haswritten, in collaboration with A. J. M.Smith of Michigan State College, an introduction to poetic appreciation, Exploring Poetry. The book was published inJanuary by Macmillan.30John P. (Pat) Kelly, Lexington, Kentucky, is in the thoroughbred horsebreeding business. He is field representative for the Crown Crest Farm inLexington, and says, "I like my work andI travel a great deal, attending most ofthe major horse races in the country."Lillian Perkson Stevenson is readingconsultant for the Evergreen Park, 111.public schools. In addition, she andhusband Kirk own and direct CampNorthern Pines, a private boys' camp atSayner, Wis. The camp is the only mid-western camp to offer a remedial readingprogram.Carter Davidson, PhD, president ofUnion College, Schenectady, N. Y., wasnamed a "Chevalier" of the French Legion of Honor. Mr. Davidson receivedhis award for his "active interest in thedevelopment of French studies and fordevoted friendship shown on all occasions" to the French nation.BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380TheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake— FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur Specialtyalumni are alwayswelcome at theHotel Del PradoFifty-Third Street andHyde Park BoulevardHYde Park 3-9600JUNE, 1955 3331Richard P. Swigart of Washington,D. C, has been appointed director of theNational Association for Mental Health.Mr. Swigart, who is now national campaign director for the American RedCross, will assume his new position inAugust, moving to New York City.Daryl Chase, PhD '36, is president ofUtah State Agricultural College, Logan,Utah.33-34Theodore Pritzker has been workingin the field of public health statisticssince 1940. He is now Director of Statistical Services for the Denver, Colo., Dept.of Health, a post he has held since 1949.Ted, his wife, the former Pauline Barnard, and eight-year-old daughter, SusanJane, live in Englewood, Colo.Carl Albert Renstrom is assistant treasurer of the Bendix Aviation Corp. inDetroit, Mich. He lives in Grosse Pointe,Mich.Hazel Rockwell Findley is president ofthe Palos Park (111.) Service League,many of whom are alumni from theUniversity. The group contributed $1,000in December for the support of leukemiawork in Bobs Roberts Hospital, and $200for the newly opened children's psychiatric clinic.35-36Frederick H. Roberts, PhD, has beenappointed director of research of theBakelite Co., a division of Union Carbideand Carbon Corp. Mr. Roberts will havehis office at Bakelite's laboratories inBloomfield, N. J.John Whitney Bailey is district salesmanager for Trans World Airlines inKansas City, Kansas. New VeepRobert W. Reneker, PhB '34, hasbeen elected a vice president ofSwift & Company. He will supervise the company's public relations,industrial relations and agriculturalresearch departments and assistnewly- elected president Porter M.Jarvis.Reneker, a Chicagoan, started towork for Swift in the company'spurchasing department immediately after graduation. After purchasing assignments in Kansas City andChicago, he was transferred to theoffice of vice president E. A. Mossin charge of purchasing and byproducts. Later he served in theadhesive department, specializingin sales. In 1950 he was transferred to the president's staff.Since 1953 he has assisted Mr.Jarvis.Mrs. Reneker is the former EvaElizabeth Congdon of Coffey ville,Kansas. The couple has two children: William, 18 and David, 13.Sam Hair, President of the InterstateAdvertising Co. in Charlotte, N. C, reports that he and his wife ElisabethGreen, '40, now have three children:Camilla, 8 years old; Stephanie, 4, andElisabeth, 9 months old.Eleanor L. Kempner Freed, and herhusband, Frank, have been actively associated with the Exhibition Committeeof the Contemporary Arts Association inHouston, Texas, and are chairmen of theArt Rental Service of the ContemporaryArts Museum. They recently assembledand exhibited a large collection of Mexican paintings. Eleanor is also chairmanof the Women's Division, Harris CountyDemocrats.George B. Wemple has been named vicepresident of Mutual Chemical Co., NewYork. David J. Harris, of Highland Park, 111.,was elected a member of the YoungPresidents' organization. Mr. Harris became president of Fairman, Harris &Company, in 1945 at the age of 32. (Allmembers of Y.P.O. must have becometop executives in their respective companies before reaching age 39.Philip C. White, PhD '38, is now manager of research and development forPan American Refining Corp., TexasCity, Tex.B-Z AUTOMOTIVECOMPLETE FRONT SYSTEM CHECK ANDESTIMATE: $1.50 (APPLIED TO REPAIRBILL). QUALITY BODY AND FENDERWORK AT REASONABLE RATES: FREEESTIMATE. LUBRICATION AND ROADSERVICE. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONSADJUSTED-REPAIRED.MOTOR TUNE-UP SPECIALAIR FILTER AND PLUGS CLEANED • TESTVOLUME AND PRESSURE IN FUEL PUMP •TEST COIL • SET TIMING AND CARBURETOR • COMPRESSION CHECK • POINTSAND CONDENSER INSTALLED • 6 CYLINDERS $5.50, MOST 8'S $6.50 PLUS PARTS.MOTOR AND CLUTCH OVERHAULINGBRAKES ADJUSTED AND RELINEDDO 3-0100 • 5547 HARPER AVE.HotelsWindermereImmediate proximityto The University ofChicagoFINESTACCOMMODATIONSAND DINING ROOMSFRONTING ON JACKSON PARK1642 EAST 56th STREETFAirfax 4-6000Are you bigger than your present job?An outstanding professional career of public service as a representative of theSun Life Assurance Company of Canada, one of the top-ranking life insurancecompanies of North America, is available to alert, ambitious men of personalityand character, ages 25 to 40.* EXPERT TRAINING * IMMEDIATE INCOME WITH COMMISSION AND BONUSES* EXCELLENT PROSPECTS * GENEROUS HOSPITALIZATION AND RETIREMENT PLANSTo learn more about the advantages of a Sun Life sales career, write toJ. A. McALLISTER, Vice-President and Director of Agencies,SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA***** Head Office: Montreal — 700 branches throughout the United States and Canada34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Clifford M. Masts have a new son,Richard Frederick, their fourth boy. Mr.Mast is president of Mast DevelopmentCo., Inc., Davenport, la.Veronica Camutz teaches second gradeat Nathan S. Davis School in Chicago.Her sister Elizabeth, '28, teaches Englishat Morgan Park High School, MorganPark, 111. Last year the sisters touredHawaii.Velia Garcia Degian is secretary to thepublic relations director of the Elmhurst(111.) Hospital.Dr. John R. Richards, PhD, '36, hasbeen elected Chancellor of the OregonState System of Higher Education, effective June 30.For the past year-and-a-half Dr.Richards has served as vice chancellorand board secretary for the system. Hecame to Oregon from New York University, where he was assistant to theexecutive vice-chancellor. He was a research fellow at the University of Chicago, and on the executive staffs ofWayne University and PennsylvaniaState College. During World War II theChancellor-elect was on active duty withthe U. S. Navy, and later served as special assistant for education to the Secretary of the Army. W. Edgar Gregory has been awardedhis PhD from the University of California in Berkeley. He teaches psychologyat the College of the Pacific, Stockton,Calif., and did his graduate work inpsychology. Cecil Holden Patterson received a PhDfrom the University of Minnesota inMarch.37-39Dr. Barbara Moulton has recentlyresigned her position as assistant director of the Hospital for Contagious Diseases in Chicago and is engaged in general practice of medicine in Washington,D. C. She is also on the staff of theFood and Drug Administration and resides in Bethesda, Md.Sidney D. Merlin, AM '39, is an economist for the United Nations and livesin Mamaroneck, N. Y.Charles P. Burnett is manager of thepersonnel and industrial relations department for the Shell Chemical Corp.,Denver, Colo.Arthur L. Vogelback, PhD, has beenappointed professor of English at SweetBriar College, Sweet Briar, Va., effectiveSeptember. He has been dean of RiponCollege, Ripon, Wis., since 1953 and isacting president the current year, buthas decided to return to teaching.Laurence E. Learner, AM '39, PhD '50,has been promoted to full professor ofeconomics at Harpur College, State University of New York. 40Eileen Jackson Southern, AM '41, wasa solo artist at the twenty-first. AnnualNew Year's Classic Concert of the Harlem Branch Y.M.C.A. Mrs. Southern, apianist, is teaching in the New York Cityschool system.Albert E. Busch is executive engineerin charge of Government engineering atAdmiral Corp., Chicago. He is marriedto Vera J. Ellman, MS '50 and writes that"we have five kids, David, 12; Paula, 10;Thomas, seven; Peter, two and Wendy,three months; five cats and one turtle."The Buschs live in Evanston, 111.Lillian Sheffner Goodkin and her husband, Reuben, live in Bell, Calif., withtheir three children, David, 12, Carol, 9,and Peter ,7. Dr. Goodkin is a physicianand surgeon, and Mrs. Goodkin is activein Hadassah, Jewish Women's ZionistOrganization.Grant H. Adams is assistant directorof the United Hospital Fund of NewYork and resides in White Plains, N. Y.William M. Butters, MBA, is a certifiedpublic accountant and attorney in Chicago and resides in Glenview, 111.Positive protection,Mr. Gallagher ?zC Absolutely,w^hdfBe absolutely sureyour products havepositive protection in H & D boxes.HINDE & DAUCH12 FACTORIES AND 40 SALES OFFICES IN THE EAST, MIDWEST AND SOUTHJUNE, 1955 35the most distinctive selection in AmericaCOOL, LIGHTWEIGHT, COMFORTABLESUMMER SUITS AND ODD JACKETSmade for us in our own stylesWhether it's crisp, crease-resistant blends of Orion*with Dacron'!" or nylon, or our famous Brooksweave*(all washable materials that require little or nopressing) ... or our traditional cotton cords, imported silks, tropical worsteds and attractive blends...we have a host of good-looking cool Summersuits and Odd Jackets, featuring our own styling. Marian Grodsky and Alec Odinak weremarried October 3, 1954. She is a psychologist at Michael Reese Hospital inChicago.Richard S. Reichmann, has been appointed manager of the Chicago manufacturing plant of Inland Steel ContainerCo.41-43Alfred Pfanstiehl has accepted a position with a "small but high-poweredelectronics outfit" in San Diego, Calif.,the Cubic Corp., doing work in specialtype radars. He had just spent two yearsin Panama City, Fla., as a field consultantfor Engineering & Research Corp. Whilethere he started an organization calledFlight Simulator Associates for professional recognition of engineers in theflight simulator (pilot training) development and maintenance field, and editsits journal, SIMULORE.Bertram M. Beck, AM, was given aspecial award at the Overseas PressClub for his work in the field of juveniledelinquency. On leave from the Community Center Service Society of NewYork, where he is assistant director, heis developing a nation-wide program toenable states to strengthen and expanda coordinated effort to control juveniledelinquency.Aaron Brown, PhD, formerly presidentof Albany State College, Albany, Ga.,has been named project director of thePhelps-Stokes Fund, a New York phil-anthrophic organization. The fund devotes its resources to special interests inthe fields of education and race relations.The Rev. Harold Shelley and his family have moved from San Jose, Calif.,to Melrose, Mass.Godfrey T. Anderson, PhD, has beennamed president of the College of Medical Evangelists, Loma Linda, Calif.Robert Denkewalter, PhD, has beenappointed director of process researchand development of the Chemical Division of Merck & Co., Rahway, N. Y.Harold and Beryl Walther announcethe birth of their fifth child: Byron Dean,born December 23 in Anchorage, Alaska.Beryl writes, "This is a great, ruggedcountry. My husband has to fly 75 milesout in the wilderness, go on three stalks,before he could bag a moose. We are enjoying moose meat immensely. Also heand the boys caught salmon. We have alittle cold weather up here— 16 degreesbelow zero last night and all this day.Five hours of daylight, now."Dr. John A. Muntz, AM, PhD '45, hasbeen appointed professor and chairmanof biochemistry at Albany Medical College of Union University, Albany, New•York.Suzanne Bohnen Oppenheimer is nowassistant secretary and advertising manager of the Chicago North Shore andMilwaukee Railway.45Philip Lifton, AM '47, is a time studyobserver for General Motors Corp. Truck& Coach Division, Pontiac, Mich.Mary H. Augustine and William F.Swanson were married on October 20,1954. They are making their home inLincoln, Nebraska, at 3320 WoodshireParkway. Mary had been Assistant Deanof Women at the University of Nebraska,but resigned prior to her marriage. Herhusband is director of the Nebraska RealEstate Commission.46-47Lincoln Kanai, AM, is chief psychologist at the Paso Robles School for Boys,Paso Robles, Calif.Robert D. Brummer is a buyer for PanAmerican Airways in New York.Robert R. Black, MBA, is an assistantprofessor in the School of Industrial Administration at Carnegie Institute ofTechnology, Pittsburgh, Pa.Mildren L. Burgess is teaching children of American personnel in Japanthis year.Chaplain David Greenberg and hiswife, Marilyn, announce the birth of adaughter, Rachel Leah, on January 24in the U.S. Naval Hospital, Yokusuka,Japan, where Rabbi Greenberg is on thestaff of the Commander, Naval Forces,Far East.Neda M. Laseff became Mrs. MyronMichels in June, 1954, and is living inRego Park, L. I.Catherine L. Briggs Callegary of Baltimore, Md., has just had her fifth child,David Matthew, born on April 24.Sidney Butler Smith, PhD, now director of libraries at the University of Vermont, was appointed director of libraries at Louisiana State University. Hewill assume his new duties July 1 inBaton Rouge, La.48Frank J. Wrobel, JD, and VirginiaPlac Wrobel, '44, announce the arrivalof their fourth son, Gregory Gene, onDecember 19 at Chicago's Lying-In Hospital. Virginia writes that she is "lookingforward to another gathering of the Classof '44 in the future."Dr. John P. Armstrong, AM, PhD '53,has been awarded a Rockefeller Foundation grant for foreign policy study inWashington, D. C. He is an associateprofessor of political science and historyat Baldwin- Wallace College, Berea, O.,and is on leave of absence as acting headof the political science department atBowdoin College, Bowdoin, Me.Laurence D. Bark, SM '50, does bio-climatic research for the U.S. WeatherBureau in Washington, D. C. Donald Yellon, JD '48, has joined theChicago law firm of D'Ancona, Pflaum,Wyatt & Riskind.Harold L. Christensen, MBA '49, hasjoined Needham, Louis & Brorby, Inc.,Chicago advertising firm, as assistantpersonnel manager. He formerly waspersonnel manager of Allstate InsuranceCompany.Christensen's home is in Des Plaines.He is vice-chairman of the Skokie Valley Industrial Association. IF49William James Mayer-Oakes, PhD '54,just had his first book in the field ofarchaeology published this spring. Hehas been field archaeologist for the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, for severalyears. He has also managed to makeseveral excursions to Mexico during thistime.John M. Sharp, PhD, is teaching Spanish and Russian at Texas Western College, El Paso, Texas.Clarence C. Laugeson, MBA, is usinghis School of Business degree to run hissummer resort at Hackensack, Minnesota: Laugeson's Pleasant Pines, onPleasant Lake. You are in a 50% income taxbracket (or higher) — consider theactual profit you can make bydisposing of your marginal realestate at a paper loss.WHITELY ESTATES CORP.134 N. La Salle StreetChicago, IllinoisSTate 2-2468PURCHASERS OF UNUSUALSITUATIONS IN REAL ESTATEPHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book ReproductionCongress St. Expressway andGardner RoadCOIumbus 1-1420"its time he talked things ovei*with a Sun Life man/", time to have a Sun Life man make your home reallyyours with a Sun Life of Canada Mortgage Protectionpolicy. The Sun Life man in your community isRALPH J. WOOD, Jr., '48I NORTH LA SALLE STREET, CHICAGO 2, ILLINOISFR 2-2390 • GA 2-5273JUNE, 1955 37CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkSince 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary end Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.fineCxcluAwe Cleaner*We operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Parle Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-060838 William A. Chupka, SM, PhD '51, iswith Argonne National Laboratories. Hisengagement to Olive Pirani of WestMedford, Mass., has been announced.50A letter from Mary Peterson Hartzler:". . . We were in Pittsburgh 41/2 yearswhile Jim (Alfred J. Hartzler, '41, SM'44, PhD '51), did cyclotron research andtaught at Carnegie Tech. Discoverednear the end of our stay that we liveddirectly above fellow Hi-Fi enthusiastsNan and Bob (Robert Vosburg, MD '51).Bob is working in the dean's office.Jim is now working for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on a Navyproject in the Pentagon, so we havemoved to 1303 N. Taft St., Arlington. Wewould like to see any of our friendswhen they are in the area."Col. James H. McCown, MBA, is withthe U.S. Air Forces at Wright-PattersonAFB, Dayton, O.Ralph J. Apton, MBA '54, after completing a special four month trainingcourse in foreign trade and investmentgiven by private banks, industrial firmsand government agencies, is in NewDelhi, India, as a foreign service staffofficer for the Foreign Operations Administration.Kenneth W. Cochran, PhD, has beenappointed assistant professor of epidemiology in the University of MichiganSchool of Health.Thomas V. Cinquina, MBA, and HelenCampbell were married March 18, 1954.He is office manager for Forjoe & Co.,a Chicago radio and tv firm, and theyare living in Evanston.Donald W. Fraser, MBA, and LillianBernard were married December 26,1954. They are living in Chicago.George A. Harris is a financial analystfor the Ford Motor Co., Detroit, Mich.Carlyle D. Jenkins, AM '53, is a psychologist for the Chicago Board ofHealth.Harold H. Kantner, a specialist in control systems research, has been promotedfrom electrical engineer to supervisor ofmathematical services at Armour Research Foundation of Illinois Instituteof Technology.Judson B. Jerome, AM, received a PhDfrom Ohio State University at the Winter quarter convocation in March.51Mrs. Dorothy Greey Van Bortel, AM,was appointed director of nutrition andhome economist of the Cereal Institute,Chicago, 111.52Edward P. Gronke, Jr. of Chicago isnow a private in the army and is stationed at Fort Hood, Texas. During hisoff-duty hours, he is teaching basic subjects such as English in a night schoolfor Army men. AJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, LA 2-8354BESTBOILERREPAIR&WELDINGCO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpholstering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson -PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone : Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson' s Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigrapning AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 210 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisOF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE UNIVERRobert D. Best, AM, has joined thestaff of Opinion Research Corp., Princeton, N. J. He had been with the Industrial Relations Center at the Universityand Koppers Co., Inc.PARKER-HOLSMANReal Estate and Insurance1461 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55th StreetMemberFederal Deposit InsuranceCorporationr. a. rehnqubt co SidewalksFactory Floorsvoy MachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTES BETTERWHEN IT'S.[T Swift & Companyof J 7409 So. State StreetLL Phone RAdcliffe 3-741A product7400 Howard C. Howland is with the Armyin Tokyo, attached to the General ArmyHospital there. He spent some time inKorea, and while there taught Englishin his spare time to about forty Koreanboys of high-school age. This necessitated his getting a tutor to teach himKorean simultaneously, so that he couldkeep ahead of his class. He was in pre-med school here when he was drafted,and hopes to return to the Universitywhen he is released in August.E. Jacquelyn Larks and Paul R. Kuhn,AB '52, SB '54, were married December19, 1954. Jacquelyn is a teacher in theChicago schools and Paul is working onhis MD.Donna J. Fuderer and David Spieglerwere married May 21 in Washington,D.C. Donna is working for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Operations Evaluation Group at the Pentagon.Her work concerns the Navy's researchand development program.Frederick A. Metz was married toWilli Watts on June 19, 1954.53Edward C. Carlson, AM, has beennamed sales manager of electronic products for Elgin National Watch Co., Elgin,111.Roger M. Johnson is with NavcadQuarter, Naval Air Station, Htuchinson,Kansas, and was expecting to win hiswings as a navy pilot when we wentto press.John and Phyllis Greife Martin willlead a seminar tour of Europe for Wilmington College, Wilmington, O., fromJune through August.The very day David P. Karcher wascommissioned an ensign at the NavalAir Station, Newport, R. I., he was married to Joanne L. Ramer, '52, in the Newport chapel. Since graduation, Joannehad been with our School of BusinessExecutives' Program. She was an activemember of the College Division of theAlumni Senate and on the Student-Alumni Committee.Leslie P. Sorenson, MBA, is supervisory statistician in the ManagementPlanning, Electronic Supply Office, GreatLakes, 111. He planned, organized andimplemented statistical quality controlof office operations for the 1,400 employes of the Electronic Supply Officeand this naval center was the first toadopt this new procedure. Consequently,Navy officials from Washington are nowusing similar methods and techniques toimplement this new procedure in allnaval activities, and it was written up inthe report to the Hoover Commission.Samuel Stalnick, AM, lives in Chicagoand is a practicing psychologist. LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCEIMTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERPENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sump-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-05S0PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEHYLAN A. NOLANCONTRACTORPLASTERINGREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. LAKE PARK AVE.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579"this ishigh fidelity"f youlove yourmusic-you'llwant it!Here's your guide to an easyunderstanding of Hi-Fi — themodern revelation in musicalenjoyment. This 64-page bookshows you how to select a Hi-Fimusic system for your home atminimum cost. Tells you what tolook for and shows many handsome, practical installation ideas.Offers you the world's largestselection of complete systems andindividual units from which to makeyour money-saving choice. If you loveyour music, you'll want this helpful, objective book. Write for it today — it's FREE.ALLIED RADIOAmerica's HI-FI Center FREE BOOK om — ,Allied Radio Corp., Dept. CC-55100 N. Western Ave., Chicago 80, III.D Send FREE "This Is High Fidelity" bookOName-Address.City -Zone StateJUNE, 1955 39Leica-Exacta- Bolex- Rollei -Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection" 54furniturelamps— fibre rugswrought iron accessoriestelevision— radiosphonos— appliancessporting goodsGuaranteed Repairs ofTV-Radio — Record Changersand electrical appliancesWE RENT TELEVISION SETS935 E. 55th St. Ml 3-6700Julian A. Tishler '33LOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESRAND McNALLY &Conkey Division COMPANYBook and CatalogPrinters and BindersCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEW YORKCHICAGO ADDRESSING COMPANYComplete Service for Mail AdvertisersPRINTING-LETTERPRESS & OFFSETProcessed Letters • Copy PreparationImprinting • Typewriting • AddressingAddressographing * Folding * MailingQUALITY-ACCURACY-SPEED111 So. Dearborn • Chicago 5 • WA 2-4561 Gene Halboth, AM, has opened abookstore, "The White Boar, on Chicago's Near North Side.John W. Hampton, PhD, has joinedShell Development Co.'s Emeryville,Calif., research center.Winifred Anne Locke, AM, of Buffalo,N. Y., will marry James F. O'Donnell inSeptember. He is a master's candidateat the University.Jay Richard Perrin is a research engineer for Marquardt Aircraft Corp., VanNuys, Calif.Grace Belson, AM, has become engagedto Harry S. Olin, '52, now a student inthe medical school.John Wilkinson, PhD '54, sends thisnews from halfway around the world:"There are now four U. of C. alumniteaching here at Robert College on thebanks of the Bosporus, near Instanbul.Robert College, incidentally, seems to bethe leading educational institution in theNear East. It is staffed and run entirelyby Americans. The courses are all inEnglish, a fact which testifies to thepopularity of that language in this extreme corner of Europe."The other alums here are David Merriell, PhD '51, who teaches mathematics;Donna Swain, AM '54, who teaches English; and Letty Mae Walsh, AM '54, alsoa math teacher. My department is physics."Incidentally, Merriell and I bothtaught in the College at the University,from 1947-51. There is more than a littlechance that we will be able to introducesome of the liberal arts training, withwhich we were so familiar at the University, into the curriculum here, in fact,I was engaged with the primary responsibility of putting a little U. of C.'culture' into the engineering school ofRobert College, of which Merriell andI are members."GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186The Max Brook Co.CLEANERS & LAUNDRYUnexcelled Quality Since 19171013-15 E. 61st STREETFor prompt pickup call Midway 3-7447 PROGRESSIVEPAINT & HARDWARE COMPANYPaints • Wallpaper • HardwareHousewares • Janitor Supplies1158 East 55th StreetHYde Park 3-3840N.S.A. AND FACULTY DISCOUNTSAny Insurance Problems ?Phone or WriteJoseph H. Aaron, '27135 S. LaSalle Street • RA 6-1060Chicago 3, IllinoisPhones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for Alt Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoHARVEY -CORBOYPERSONNEL SERVICEPlacement ConsultantsTo Men And Women in Business20 W. Jackson Blvd. • WAbash 2-9284Leland T. Becker, M.B.A. '48Webb-Linn Printing Co,Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of the Universityof Chicago Magazine?A. L. Weber, J.D. '09 L. S. Berlin, B.A. '09A. J. Falick, M.B.A. '51MOnroe 6-2900THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE^MemorialHenry I. Raymond, Jr., '04, of Carmel,Calif., died February 21 of a heart attack.Paul S. Wood, '08, professor emeritusof English at Grinnell College, Grinnell,Iowa and lecturer in English at Columbia University Graduate School, diedJanuary 11.Dr. Wood received his PhD from Harvard University in 1921. He was a member of the Modern Language Assn., PhiBeta Kappa and the Guild of Scholarsin the Episcopal Church.Harris L. Latham, AM '10, of Knoxville,111., died October 19.Leon L. Lewis, '13, JD '14, died May20. His biography will appear in theNational Cyclopedia of American Biography.George W. Crossman, AM '14, diedMarch 24, 1954. He was professor ofEducation, Director of Student Teaching, Department of Education at theUniversity of North Dakota from 1932until 1952.Walter James Spencer, '14, MD '16,of Chicago, died October 29.Pauline A. Humphreys, '15, prominentMissouri educator and former head ofthe department of education at CentralMissouri State College, died January25 in Warrensburg, Mo. She was amember of the faculty of Missouri StateCollege for 40 years, served as president of the State Teachers Association,and was a state founder of Delta KappaGamma, national organization of womenteachers, and organized the first chapterin Missouri of the Future Teachers ofAmerica. Last year the Board of Regents of the College named the College Laboratory building the PaulineHumphreys Education Building in honorof her years of service as a member ofthe faculty.Rolla M. Tryon, PhD '15, professor ofeducation at the University until 1939,died November 10. After his retirement,Dr. Tryon farmed in Freelandville, Indiana.Dr. Jacob Lifshutz, MD '16, of BeverlyHills, Calif., died January 28. Dr. Lifshutz left a bequest to the Universitymedical school.William H. Bock, '16, former head ofthe Language Department of GeorgeWashington High School in Indianapolis, died October 12.Charles F. Dunn, AM '16, Maywood,111., died June 16.John E. Worthington, AM '18, Waukegan, Wis., died November 2.Walter J. Matherly, '18, former dean of the University of Florida in Gainesville, died in late September.Kathreen V. Scudder (Mrs. Gordon T.Dingledine), AM '19, Tempe, Ariz., diedAugust 14.Paula M. Kittel, '20, died in March,1954, in Eugene, Ore.Archibald Campbell Lynch, JD '20,died September 12, in Decorah, la.Ellis M. Studebaker, AM '21, died ofa coronary attack December 6, in Claremont, Calif. He was formerly Presidentof LaVerne College, LaVerne, Calif., andadministrator of Bethany Hospital, Chicago. In 1952 he retired and returnedto California.Harris R. Vail, '21, a teacher of musicin the University's Laboratory Schoolfor 30 years, died in September.Archibald G. Baker, PhD '21, diedJanuary 1 in Portland, Ore.Ola Day (Mrs. Lee Rush), '22, diedNovember 17 in Washington, D. C.Adeline E. Vaite Smeeth, '24, of OakPark, 111., died December 19.Ray H. Bracewell, AM '25, died October 8 in Burlington, la.Mrs. May Coleman Allen, '26, of Chicago, died December 18.Dr. Harold J. Kersten, AM '26, diedMarch 2 in Cincinnati. He had been professor of biophysics and fellow of theGraduate School of Arts and Sciences,University of Cincinnati.Glenn K. Kelly, AM '28, died February25, in Salem, Ore.Naomi M. Giffen, (Mrs. Wilbur A.),died July 30 in Winnetka, 111.Dr. Stanley Dulsky, '30, SM '31, diedAugust 3 in Chicago, 111.Clarence G. Fawcett, SM '31, diedJanuary 26 in Wheaton, 111.Ella S. Kryl, '33, died January 26 inBerwyn, 111. She had been an adjustment teacher in the Chicago publicschools. A gift of $125 to the scholarship fund of the University has beendonated in her honor by her sister,Mrs. Josephine K. Zeman.Horace F. Mitchell, AM '34, of Tulsa,Okla., died July 21, 1953.Arthur E. Brake, '41, died February17. He was a spectographer in the Central Research Division of Armour & Co.,Chicago, and was a member of the American Chemical Society and the AmericanAssn. of Spectographers. He is survivedby his wife, Betty McKim Brake, '41,and four children. Mrs. Susannah Riker Courtney, AM'41, died September 16 in Indianapolis,Ind.Caroline E. Miller, AM '45, died November 10 in Savannah, Ga.BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192Famous Officer DiesRetired Army Lt. Col. WilburRogers, '08, whose refusal to comply with an artillery barrage orderin World War I was credited withsaving the lives of hundreds ofAmerican doughboys, died November 23, 1954, in Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C, at the ageof 69.A native of Indiana, Col. Rogerswent to Kansas by covered wagonwith his family as a boy.Col. Rogers, who lived in TakomaPark, Md., was an artillery officerat St. Mihiel, France, when he received firing orders which he believed would cause his batteriesto shell 10,000 American infantrymen ahead.The incident occurred on August25, 1918. Col. Rogers corrected thebarrage order, and was removedimmediately from his command.Reinstated later, he served withdistinction through several otherbattles of World War I.But charges were preferredagainst him and he was put in"Class B," the status of those officers deemed unfit to hold commissions in the active service. In1921 he was retired with that status.For 14 years Col. Rogers foughtin the courts to upset the War Department action. Vindication finally came in 1934 when PresidentRoosevelt signed a bill entitled"For the Relief of Wilbur Rogers."The bill, restoring the officer's retired status to Class A, was a complete victory for him.He had been in the insurancebusiness since after World War I.Your health will be better since doctors can now usethe voice of the atomDOCTORS have long wanted to learn more about thehuman bloodstream— how it supplies nourishment . . .defends against disease . . . becomes diseased, itself.THAT WISH IS REALITY today, because atomic energyhas given a voice to certain of nature's elements. Whenthese elements are exposed to the powerful radiation ofsplitting atoms, they become radioactive, themselves,and are called radioisotopes. The radiation they giveoff can be detected and heard with special instruments.Now doctors introduce isotopes of iodine, iron,sodium, or other elements into the bloodstream. Theircourse can then be followed to determine the locationand nature of the trouble. Isotopes are also becomingincreasingly important in actually treating ailments.ISOTOPES are being used in similar fashion by industry and agriculture to analyze materials, measure wear, control processes, and to help answer mysteries of howplants absorb nourishment from the soil and how itaffects their growth and health.THE PEOPLE OF UNION CARBIDE operate, underGovernment contract, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Nation's chief source of radioisotopes, as wellas the huge atomic materials plants at Oak Ridge andPaducah.STUDENTS AND STUDENT ADVISERS: Learn more about careeropportunities with Union Carbide in Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals,Gases, and Plastics. Write jor booklet 5E-2.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET QTjB NEW YORK 17, N. Y.In Canada: UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED- UCC's Trade-marked Products include -Synthetic Organic Chemicals Prestone Anti-Freeze Eveready Flashlights and Batteries Prest-O-Lite AcetyleneDynel Textile Fibers Electromet Alloys and Metals Haynes Stellite Alloys Union Carbide LiNDE OxygenLinde Silicones Bakelite, Vinylite, and Krene Plastics National Carbons Acheson Electrodes PYROFAX Gasansae 50 195^*55 M&mmaAca&ealc Discussion Soviet Style ^ S80BS MftSK ******** ********** * * * * *F 55 10AXIdSOV, SAWS, K. $ BMQBJD 8SGBB, ax& SHBBBS ABBDBRBOH,Enrico 7exsai ** A ytemrt&h *•••*•* •***••¥ 55 19Aiwui Soal - $3 Million** ???•**»,***»*****?**.*#*** *?***.* ***«*****Je 55 15imaricmAmtton of aa Atcaa*Splitter , IATOA FEKCE* * * * ********* ******* *1 5% 8A jfeirls® for Jfeyor? ****#**#****##»*************#***********>***••*** ?* >5 1^A Mittd to Buiisi* *»^*#****»*##**#*##**##***«******»»*,************#**»*Q 5^* 10ashbbcb* annua, smwml k. axubcb, and ®olx0 siom^JBnrieo Fend - A ltoorial*»#»#*****f »**f 55 19A few Stool for the B^isiBes®^i«#«#«*«##*##***##**#«*«**#*»**»**»*«***S 5^ 12Are Wa Afmid to failt MX^l Z. 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