DECEMBER, 1954EVANSTON: AN EXPERIMENT. . . Page 5 Aceaa& ^MAGAZINEBRITAIN — UNEASY ALLYPage 9"Bill thinks of the nicest things.He gave me an extension telephonefor the kitchen and onefor the bedroom too."HERE'S SOMETHING NEWAND DIFFERENT FOR CHRISTMAS "Thanks ever so much, son,for the extension telephone.It's a big comfort to haveit close by in my bedroom."Give an extension telephone to someone you loveHave you been searching for somethingnew and different in a Christmas gift?Something that is distinctive, yet practical,and will last the whole year through?You couldn't do better than an extension telephone for Mother or Dad, sonor daughter, or Grandma and Grandpa.For 365 days and nights it will save steps,time and effort. And it's mighty handy,too, in an emergency.If you'll order in time we'll do our bestto install the extension telephone beforeChristmas.If that isn't possible, we'll deliver thetelephone, attractively wrapped, so youcan put it under the tree with the othergifts. Then we'll come around after Christmas and install it in bedroom, living room,or kitchen, or wherever you wish.The cost is small — just pennies a dayfor each extension telephone. Just callthe business office of your local Bell telephone company.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM "My wife sure knows how to pickout the right Christmas giftsGave me an extension telephonefor my hobby room downstairs.••¦"va* "You'll never guess whatDad gave me! A telephoneof my very own —right in my room!"~AtemoXhAT NEW SALEM conclave announced in October's column (tour ofthe Village, afternoon lectures, dinnerand program) uncovered crazy complications.The Springfield committee had insistedwe avoid any Saturday of an Illinihome game. "Everyone in central Illinoisgoes to all home games."Thus was determined October 16.Invitations to 400 alumni from Peoriato Decatur were no sooner out when thereturns began to come in. From Jacksonville: "Why October 16 of all dates?Illinois College is celebrating its 125thanniversary!" and "This is MacMurray'sbig week-end!"From Normal: "Our homecoming!"Bloomington: "Weslyan's annual homecoming!" From Lincoln: homecoming;and Decatur and Peoria: homecomings!Avoiding the University of Illinoishome games was down-state practice,all right, but we were caught in themob avoiding Illini football.Of course, we learned that all down-state doctors are busiest Saturday afternoons. And autumn is the heavy courtseason when lawyers burn mid-nightoffice oil on week-ends.Ten days before the conclave we had14 reservations.We smothered mid- Illinois with newsreleases and pictures; followed up withmailings about golden autumn leaves atNew Salem State Park; and ended withan enthusiastic 90 people, a snappysunny day, a moonlight evening, and themost unique and successful down- statealumni event in generations.Dragstedt, Seattle guestDr. LESTER DRAGSTEDT, Chairmanof the Department of Surgery, was abusiness visitor to Seattle in Octoberand a dinner guest of our Seattle Clubon October 21. John R. Stair is president of the club.Little Rhode IslandOUSY BEVERLY GLENN, '44, neverallowed her law practice to prevent herbeing an enthusiastic and effectivealumna. She was a key officer in ourNew York Club when she was marriedto J. Emery Long, a Providence banker.Beverly shifted her Chicago operationsto Rhode Island and became Fund chairman for Providence.Then, last June, she wrote: ". . . Charlotte Morrison ['42, AM '43]. Dorothy[Strickland, '49] and Ted Pliakas [JD'51] and I plan to organize a ChicagoAlumni Club in Rhode Island. We intend to contact each and every alumnusin the state . . ."In July: ". . . We will need a goodspeaker from the University . . ." PadBeverly never dreamed, nor did I,just how good a speaker she would beoffered. In fact, she was to hit thedouble-or-nothing jackpot.In August, word came through fromthe Chancellor's office that Mr. Kimptonand Dean Strozier would be meeting inBoston, Providence, and Philadelphiawith high school principals in lateNovember.Thus it came about that little RhodeIsland's 75 Chicago alumni (33 in Providence), thanks to Beverly and her committee, have had the opportunity ofentertaining for the first time, the headof our University with the head of thestudent extracurriculum. As we movethrough the mails to your home, theyare meeting the 4:58 P.M. "Gilt Edge"from Boston (November 29th) and twotop Chicago friends.The Chancellor and Dean stay overfor a Tuesday luncheon with the schoolpeople and rush on to Philadelphia fora Wednesday luncheon with schoolprincipals and a dinner with our Philadelphia Club under the presidency ofEdwin E. Aubrey.Merriam of ChicagoJL1ARPERS MAGAZINE for Novembercarries a 7-page article titled, Merriamof Chicago. The author believes thatalumnus Merriam is an important figurein American politics; that "Bob Merriamand Chicago are worth watching in 1955."More on October IssueThis issue, in my opinion, is the mostinteresting one I have ever seen . . . andI am proud of the old Alma Mater .also Chancellor Kimpton for his excellentstatement about "The University Neighborhood". . .I used to live at 5604 Dorchester andI can see all my old paper route in thatbeautiful aerial survey.I am now happily engaged in runninga gift shop with my very good wife inHubbard Woods. We don't make muchmoney but we have plenty of work andfun and meet nice people around.All best wishes and congratulationsto you ...E. K. MacDonaldHubbard Woods, IllinoisThe October Magazine is MOST interesting, from the standpoint of an old student as well as a resident up to 1920 ofa home at 54th and Drexel. The accountof the Hyde Park-Kenwood CommunityConference was especially thrilling andmade me want to live there again.I find the U. of C. Magazine a worthwhile paper at any time . . .Vera L. Moyer,State College, Pa. where there's aWILLthere's aWiYto make agenerous giftto Alma MaterIF YOU want additional information or helpin preparing your bequestto the University of Chi-cago, write or te lephoneHoward H . MooreUniversity of Chicago5801 Ellis AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisMidway 3-0800Extension 3027U. of C. on TVRivers IN THE SKY was the title ofthe story we told in February, 1953,about the fascinating research in ourdepartment of meteorology. Now youare going to see it on television— onCB.S.'s program, "The Search," Sunday,November 28 at 4:30 P.M. (EST).You will fly into the heart of athunderstorm, track down a hurricane,and create your own storm by cloud-seeding.This December issue goes into themails November 20th so it should reachyou just ahead of the program on thetwenty- eighth,H. W. M.DECEMBER, 1954 1•^ Our life-saving film, BREAST SELF-EXAMINATIONAre you one of the 4,000,000 American womenwho now know the simplest and most thoroughway to examine their breasts for signs that maymean cancer — while it is in its early stage andchances of cure are the best ? Or are you one ofthe many millions of others whom we are stilltrying to forewarn and forearm?Our doctors assure us that BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION has already saved many awoman's life and could save many thousandsmore every year. They say that the lesson it teaches is the best "insurance" you can haveagainst death from the commonest type ofcancer in women over 35. That's because youyourself are more likely than your doctor to bethe first to discover any lump or thickening thatmight mean cancer.If you (or any one you know) missed our film,we want to tell you where and when you cansee it in your town. Call the American CancerSociety office nearest you or write to "Cancer"in care of your local Post Office.American Cancer Society2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE3n ZJItU 3&£ueIn A FEW WEEKS, Harper & Bros.will publish the first definitive bookon the World Council of Churches Assembly in Evanston this past summer.It was written in record time by JamesNichols of the Federated TheologicalFaculty. With the kind permission ofMessrs. Harper we bring you a previewof the book on Page 5, Mr. Nichols'chapter on how the Assembly handledits main theme, "Christ, The Hope ofThe World."IF YOU HAVE been puzzled by theattitude of our British friends regardingrecognition of Red China, turn to Page9. You'll find Leon Epstein's article,"Britain: Uneasy Ally" a help towardgreater understanding of a complexquestion.J. HE I.Q. may not be disturbed a singlepoint following surgical removal of approximately one -third of the brain, testshave revealed. It was at this point thatWard C. Halstead, Head of the Biopsy-chological Laboratory at Billings Hospital, decided to part company with theeducational psychologists. I.Q. tests, hedecided, did not accurately reveal damage to the brain, so he proceeded todevelop a series of tests that would. Foran account of his work in this field turnto Page 13.I T'S FASHIONABLE, and profitable, togo to used clothing sales in the University community. On Pages 17-19 we takeyou to one of the best known and mostpopular, the Laboratory School ClothingSale.We'll warn you, though, if the storyprompts you to go to the next one —the early birds catch the best bargains,and its now customary for the line tostart forming at 7 a.m. for the 8:30 a.m.opening.WirKINSTON CHURCHILL, PresidentEisenhower, and Marilyn Monroe areamong the many famous people who findpainting a rewarding hobby. Not to beoutdone, on Page 22 we bring you pictures of our faculty pursuing this pleasantpastime.Wem ARE FINALLY beginning to digout from under the deluge of class newsitems which piled up over the summer.If you don't find the item you seek inthis issue, bear with us. We hope tocatch up in the next few months. "MAGAZINIDECEMBER, 1954 Volume 47, Number 3FEATURES5 Evanston: an Experiment James Nichols9 Britain: Uneasy Ally Leon Epstein13 Testing The Brain Ward C. Halstead17 Lab School Sale20 Atomic Calendar Solves Mystery22 Sketch Night in LexingtonDEPARTMENTS1 Memo Pad3 In This Issue23 Books — Readers Guide25 Class News40 MemorialsCOVERThrough trick mirror, medical students Dorothy Millon and ThomasEdnie watch patient (a model) taking tests for brain damage inMedical Psychology Lab. For a view from inside the room, seePage 15.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisExecutive EditorEditorManaging EditorAdvertising ManagerStaff PhotographerFoundation SecretaryField Secretary HOWARD W. MORTFELICIA ANTHENELLIAUDREY NEFF PROBSTSHELDON W. SAMUELSSTEPHEN LEWELLYNWILLIAM H. SWANBERGDEAN TYLER JENKSPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00. Single copies,25 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross,director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.DECEMBER, 1954 3'Christ, the Hope of the World" was their theme. From all overthe world they came, representing many shades of opinion.Could they hope for agreement out of such diversity?Evanston: An ExperimentM,LUCH OF THE FIRST five daysof the Evanston Assembly was devoted to a rather daring experiment.The whole body of delegates, laymenand pastors, housewives and bishops,church administrators, missionariesand theologians divided up into working groups of about fifty, to engage ina kind of theological conference. Theywere asked to wrestle with some ofthe most central and mysterious aspects of the faith, and to come outwith some sort of guidance for thechurches who had sent them there.There are few if any American denominations which would have ventured such an enterprise in a nationalassembly, even within the boundariesof one denominational tradition, onecultural and political setting, and onelanguage. They would have beenafraid of stirring up sharp controversywhich might endanger their institutional expansion.But where angels and denominations fear to tread, there went theWorld Council. The Assembly undertook to cope with the matter in threelanguages, in eight or ten major ecclesiastical traditions, and out of thecultural contexts of the whole inhabited world. There had been numerouswarnings beforehand that the WorldCouncil was being foolhardy, thatsuch discussion would only developLeft: Detail from Master of the BigalloCrucifix, 13th Century, Tempera on Panel.Courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago,the A. A. Munger collection. Last August Northwestern University was host to the secondassembly of the World Council ofChurches. Organized six years agoat Amsterdam, the World Councilis composed of some hundred andsixty churches, including virtuallyall major bodies except SouthernBaptist, the Roman CatholicChurch and the Russian OrthodoxChurch.Through such activities as workfor refugees, study and action inpolitical, social, and racial matters,theological discussion and inquiry,and evangelization, the Council isanimated by a dual purpose — tomanifest the unity of the Church,and to accomplish more effectivelythe Church's task in the world.A portion of the Assembly's timewas devoted to the theological discussion described in the accompanying article, which is a chapterfrom the book, Evanston: An Interpretation, to be published byHarper & Bros, in December.James Nichols is an associateprofessor of the History of Christianity in the Federated TheologicalFaculty. Trained in intellectualhistory at Harvard and Yale, heedited Jakob Burkhardfs Forceand Freedom. He has taughtHumanities in the College andworked with the Committees onSocial Thought and History ofCulture, as well as in theology.In church history, Primer forProtestants and Democracy andthe Churches are his chief publications. He is a Presbyterian. By James NicholsAssociate Professor, F. T. tensions within a body whichbarely holds together anyhow, andthat the topic itself was not essentialor worth the risk. When the CentralCommittee persisted in this design,consequently, they could not be accused of lack of courage. Whateverelse one may say about it, the WorldCouncil does not fit the Americanstereotype of a church body as aneminently "safe" institution.Now to be sure, the Central Committee did not at first realize thedimensions of the beast they hadseized by the tail. Four years earlierthey had determined on a theme forthe Assembly. The world seemed tobe in a crisis of hope; on the one hand,turbulent with passionately soughtUtopian dreams, on the other, hopeless, desperate, lost in meaningless -ness. The Christian gospel might bestbe put forward in such a world in itsaspect of good news, of comfort, joyand assurance. Let Evanston explorethe theme of Jesus Christ as the hopeof the Church and the world.The Central Committee had appointed an "advisory commission" ofsome thirty theologians from manychurches, from about a dozen countries and as many theological traditions, to develop the implications ofthe theme and to stimulate thoughtabout it in the years before the Assembly itself. The Commission included several of the greatest Christian thinkers, men such as Karl Barthof Basil, Switzerland, the best-knownProtestant theologian in the world,DECEMBER, 1954 5and Reinhold Niebuhr of Union Theological Seminary, New York.The first meeting was marked bysharp clashes, occasioned both bymisunderstandings and by unresolveddifferences of belief. There was veryreal doubt as to whether it wouldever be possible for such a group todraft a common statement. Theycould at first do little more than locatefor the churches the points of theirsharpest disagreements. But theseearly reports provoked a world-wideliterature and discussion of unprecedented dimensions.Three years of study and meeting,however, brought extensive changesin the mind of the Advisory Commission in the way of mutual confidence,reinterpretation, broadened views.With something like a sense of miracle among them, they produced in1954 a substantial common statementfor the Assembly, the fifty -page Report on "Christ — the Hope of theWorld."Their difficult struggle had convinced them that this theme was notmerely a profitable one, but a necessary one, a matter of life and deathfor the Christian church in its witnessto the world. And most of the leadership of the World Council had becomeconvinced with them.But what of the Assembly? Herewere men and women who were notBarths or Niebuhrs to begin with, andwho had not generally had the benefitof any such three years' preparation.What would they make of thatclosely-knit and sometimes technicallytheological Report, (which not all ofthem had read before arriving) ?The Assembly did not fulfill thepredictions of an explosion. The delegates rather walked gingerly aboutthe Report, respectful but not universally convinced. A minority wereenthusiastic. Another minority werehostile and ready to reject it. Butmost had difficulty in coming to termswith the Report. They found it oftenstimulating, formidable in its totality,but were not sure enough of its fullimplications to say either "Yes" or"No." And so the discussion oftenconsisted of niggling over a sentencehere, a paragraph there, or grumblingthat the statement was too heavy andtechnical. As the real issues graduallyfiltered out, it became apparent thatin large measure the Assembly wasrecapitulating the history of the Advisory Commission.But the Assembly did not have timeto balance and relate differing emphases and perspectives as the Commission had done, or to evaluate howsuccessfully the Commission had done it. The inner division among thechurches on the meaning of faith andhope in Christ could be sensed in thediscussion, but was rarely fullyexplicit. The resolution of these differences, consequently, remained inconclusive, and the Assembly recommended study of the Report in thechurches without itself adopting it.What were these inner divisions?The most important one was the division between the "humanistic" andBiblical ways of hoping.Humanism — a rivalHumanism was discussed in theReport as one of the rival hopes toChristianity. Humanism was theredefined as the opinion that man ismaster of his own destiny and canachieve a perfect society, that menshould rely wholly on their ownpowers to realize the good life forthemselves and their communities,and that their hopes need not reachbeyond the improvement of theirearthly existence.There are variations of this humanism. Sometimes there is the particular confidence that man can solvehis social and personal needs and conflicts by science and education. Sometimes humanism appears as communism, but (pace Senator McCarthy)such an infinitesimal number ofAmericans find this a significant option that we will not take time todiscuss this part of the Report. Sometimes there is a faith in democracy,which for millions "remains the onesure hope for the cure of man's ills."The hope of humanism usually appears as some form of the idea ofprogress. In whatever variation theyare held, however, "these beliefs areillusions. In holding them, democratichumanism, even when still professedlyChristian, has become largely a Christian heresy," the Report stated.It is simply not true, the Reportwent on, that man is master of hisdestiny by science or otherwise, northat a perfect or near perfect societycan be brought by his efforts in history, nor that man's fulfillment wouldbe achieyed if it were."As recent events should remind usagain, there is no sign that earthlyhistory is being progressively purgedof evil and steadily nearing perfection . . . And death, 'the last enemy,'armed at this moment with terriblenew weapons, waiting inexorably atevery moment, stands across the pathof every human person and people,"observed Dr. Robert Calhoun of. Yale.A hope that can^give meaning in thefaces of such realities cannot suppose "that the Kingdom will be fully realized within earthly history," he concluded.The predicament of possible globalatomic war is itself a commentary onthe pretensions of human power andvirtue."But we must not make too muchof this part of the modern refutationof secular pretensions," ReinholdNiebuhr warned the Assembly. "Ifwe do, we will falsify the Gospel andmake the Christian cause to appearto be a contest between the Godfearing believers and the unrighteousunbeliever ... It is not only those whodeny God but those who profess Himbut claim Him too simply as an allyof their purposes and as an aid totheir ambitions, who bring evil intothe world."There is danger, Dr. Calhounagreed, that we may think of hopein Christ "primarily as assurance thatour best efforts will succeed, withGod's help."The Christian's hope is indeed amotive for action for social betterment. But Christian confidence doesnot lie in the security that our effortswill be crowned with success."It is not possible for us to knowexactly how God will use our work,or what degree of visible success Hewill grant us in any particular object. The Christian is no more sureof success than his secular neighbor.But he is secure against despair," theReport stated.We must constantly remind ourselves that God's ways are not ourways nor His thoughts our thoughts.We mortal men must decide and evenfight for our causes in history, butwe should do so as Lincoln fought forslavery, with a sense of the overarching Providence which answersthe prayers of neither side just asthey intended.Dr. Edmund Schlink of Heidelberg,Germany, put the matter anotherway: "We have no right to speak ofChrist as the hope of the world unlesswe humble ourselves before God andrecognize Him as the judge of theworld . . . Today we are afraid of menwho may misuse the power entrustedto them and unleash horrible destruction upon the world, but the decisivequestion is not how we can manageto avoid wars and disaster . . . Ourreal threat does not come from men,'powers' or the forces of nature, butfrom God whose judgment no mancan escape."Hope in Christ is not to be hadwithout Judgment by Christ.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAssociated PressWORLD COUNCIL DELEGATES VOTE AT SESSION IN McGAW HALL ON NORTHWESTERN CAMPUS"Only when we have repented andconfessed that we have wasted ourlife in God's sight shall we everknow Christ as the Hope of theworld," the Report stated. So strongwas this emphasis in the AdvisoryCommission, indeed, that they hadurged unsuccessfully another formulation of the theme which wouldstress it, "The Crucified Lord, theHope of the World."It means that our greatest fear anddanger does not lie in the cobaltbomb, but in betrayal of Christ andseparation from Him."I am not afraid of the atomicbomb," said Dr. Charles Malik ofLebanon, "I am afraid of the Judgment."But if those tempted by false hopesmust be reminded of the Judgment,what of the hopeless? Is there balmin Gilead? The Report addresseditself also to these."For all those who . . . are withouthope in the world, our only messageof hope is that there is One whounderstands them better than theyunderstand themselves . . . He passedthrough the darkest night of the human soul, through utter lonelinessand dereliction, before rising victorious over death and hell . . . Wediscern in their midst the presence-ofour exalted Lord, who in his earthlyministry moved among outcasts, refugees, political agitators and zealots,sophisticated intellectuals, simple workmen and soldiers, all of themwith their thwarted hopes and unfulfilled aspirations ... As the exaltedLord He bids His church, as today itconfronts on every side men whosehopes are mocked or starved orfastened upon false gods, to walk theroad He trod, for only as it goes theway of the Cross can the Church offerin word and deed a sure and steadfast hope."It was from among those who hadfaced the extinction of all earthlyhope under persecution by the Nazisand Communists that there came thestrongest emphasis on the hope inChrist's Coming Again, the futureconsummation denied in history.In this situation, they had discovered, the long disregarded apocalyptic passages in the New Testamenttake on actuality. "Then they suddenly illuminate the whole of humanlife and the situation of Christians inthe world and become a definitestronghold, by means of which Godmakes it possible for men to live, tosuffer and to die joyfully."This was the experience we Germans had with those texts during thepersecution of the Church in theThird Reich," Dr. Schlink told theAdvisory Commission. "And this isthe experience of countless Christianstoday who are oppressed, persecuted,imprisoned, tortured and killed. Theyhave not the possibility of engagingin political and social programmes and action. The only way still open tothem is the way of prayer, of witness,and of suffering. They have no longerany earthly hope which sustainsthem. They live solely in the hope ofthe Coming Lord . . . The expectancyof the Lord releases the strongestpossible zeal because it liberates manfrom worrying about himself."This experience of the churches"under the Cross" was chiefly theexperience of those who spoke Frenchor German. The English speaking delegates generally had not faced suchradical trials. This unfortunate coincidence of the language barrier withthe contrast in Christian experiencedelayed understanding in the Assembly.The bulk of Orthodox, Anglicans,and American Protestants simply didnot live in this kind of hope in Christthe consummator. Some could penetrate it to some degree imaginatively,but it played no such central role intheir lives and thought as it did formany on the Continent. Approachingthe subject somewhat externally, consequently, many sought to analyzeintellectually Biblical symbolismwhich the Continentals somehowgrasped in its totality as conveyingtremendous realities.What, for example, is meant byChrist's Coming Again, the newheavens and the new earth?"We American Protestants," saidDr. Calhoun, "have often lost touchDECEMBER, 1954 7with the faith of the church throughthe centuries, that 'in the age to come'there will be a new corporate lifein a new environment, in the fulllight of the presence of God."To many newspapermen it was asurprise to discover that the theologians, Continental and otherwise, nomore thought of heaven and hell asplaces than they did, in fact less so.Heaven is communion with God. Hellis alienation from Him.But what then is time, one mayask. When is "the age to come?"One can understand that in a sensethe End is Now, that the ComingKing meets men today and every day,that the dimension of the last thingsis to be seen in all present and passing things. But will all be consummated at once, at some "time?" Willthis involve only human or earthlyhistory, or the solar system, or ourgalaxy? Heavy-handed questions, nodoubt, but Christian laymen in anindustrialized society, with mindsshaped by modern physics, deservea word of guidance here from thetheologians. If faith and hope arereally powerful, can they not shapenew metaphors eloquent to our age?At least some dimensions of thisconsummation were delineated. "Acorporate life in a new environment". . . "a new heaven and a new earth"implies a hope for the whole man inall his social relations and historicalcommunities. It is the "resurrectionof the body," not the pagan notion ofthe survival and immortality of anindestructible "soul." It is the resurrection and transfiguration of thewhole of history, the earliest generations with the last.And the content of our hope isclear from our present experiences."What we possess in Christ is themost glorious life of which we knowanything, for it is fellowship withHim who is our Savior and our Lord.And yet this fellowship in the Spiritis but the foretaste, the earnest, ofthe inheritance laid up for us. Christis not only our righteousness and ourpeace; He is also present in us asthe hope of glory," the Report stated."Christ our hope thus embodies inHimself the destiny of individuals, ofthe Church, of earthly communities,and of all creation ... In the resurrection they will be manifested, each andall, in a new mode of being. Theywill know God, for they will see Him.In the fellowship of those who aremade perfect they will know and loveone another. All of them, even thosewho died immature or undeveloped,the despised, the failures, the defeatedwill in the communion of the saints, draw upon the inexhaustible treasuryof life which is God's gift to them allin Christ . . . Their worship will haveno more need of a temple, for theirLord and Savior will Himself be atemple for them, as His glory will betheir light . . . Their highest blessedness will be that God is God; and Hewill be all in all."What if the Assembly's discussionsof the "main theme" were inconclusive? It would scarcely have beenworth so much time and effort in anarea where there was already a visible consensus. The theme was onlyjustified because in the churches therewas so much confusion and uncertainty on this subject.And if this really was so, how muchcould one expect of three or four daysof discussion? Scarcely a lucid andunanimous proclamation with trumpets. Minds and hearts are notchanged that fast. Some had beenthinking about their hope for months,y but one might guess that the majority11 of delegates really looked hard ande critically at this dimension of theirtr faith for the first time in Evanston.a In three or four days some intellec-ie tual perspectives might have beenI- changed, some sensitivities quickened.'.e But hope itself, as an orientation ofthe whole man, absorbing the imagi-ts nation and the emotions as well ast- the mind, hope itself could not inn many cases bloom overnight in all itsn glory. A growth might have been:- started, on the other hand, whichy would after weeks and months mani-•e fest the meaning of what happenedat Evanston.And how fully should we expect toh know how Christ will shape our furs ture? We know not what we shallid be but we know we shall be likei- Him and with Him. For the strength)t of our hope is the faithfulness ofn God, who raised from the dead ours, Lord Jesus Christ.GEORGES ROUAULT: THE PASSIONCourtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Leigh B. BlockGEORGES ROUAULT: THE PASSIONCourtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Leigh B. Block8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETwo Views On Recognition Of Red ChinaBRITAIN:UNEASY ALLYBy Leon EpsteinfTHEN CLEMENT ATTLEE andhis Labour Party colleagues visitedCommunist China last summer, theresponse of the American press, presumably reflecting American publicopinion, was almost unanimous incondemning the visit. More temperedcritics reasoned that at the very leastit was untimely, and vociferous opponents of the junket declared that itwas an international disaster.But a review of British attitudesconcerning China policy reveals howdifferently Attlee's own nation wasprepared to observe his visit withMao Tse-tung. Not only the Labourparty, but the bulk of the Britishcommunity has long held essentiallysofter views of Communist Chinathan have most of us in the UnitedStates. Attlee's China tour was meantto please, not offend, his fellow-Englishmen.To be sure, it was meant especiallyto please and even conciliate Attlee'sown political party. Labour leaders tothe left of Attlee were evidently going to Communist China anyway.Rather than have them, and particularly his rival Aneurin Bevan, securethe publicity of an undoubtedly popular mission, it was useful for Attleeto put himself at the head of the delegation.It would be a mistake, however, toassume that the Attlee visit to Chinawas intended only for so limited anintra-party purpose. More generally,the visit symbolized the long-standing public desire openly to distinguish British policy toward China from thatof the United States — and yet to doso in a way and at a time whichwould avoid any major rupture inAnglo-American relations. For so delicate a task Attlee's credentials weresatisfactory. As an ex-Prime Minister, he had prestige but no officialThis article has been adapted byDr. Epstein for the MAGAZINE,from his book, Britain: UneasyAlly, published this fall by theUniversity Press.Dr. Epstein's book is the thirdstudy sponsored by the Center forthe Study of American ForeignPolicy, directed by Hans J. Morgenthau, Professor, PoliticalScience. The center was establishedin 1950 under a grant from theLilly Endowment and is now supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation. Its generalpurpose is to contribute to a betterunderstanding of the principles,objectives, and probable results ofAmerican foreign policy and contemporary problems of UnitedStates foreign policy.Previous publications sponsoredby the Center are Ideals and Self-interest in America's Foreign Relations, by Robert Osgood, andBenjamin Franklin and AmericanForeign Policy, by Gerald Stourzh.Dr. Epstein is Professor of Political Science at the University ofWisconsin. He took his PhD inthe political science department atthe University in 1948. governmental responsibility. And asthe most important Labour Partychampion of the British policy ofworking with the United States, Attlee could not be dismissed as simplyanother left-wing anti- American.The fact that it was Attlee whoheaded the Labour delegation thusillustrates the dimensions of Britishtolerance of Communist China. Notonly did Attlee represent the moderate and dominant section of theLabour Party, but as that party'sleader and prospective leader in thenext election campaign he wouldhardly risk alienating the marginaland independent voters so importantto Labour's future success at thepolls. It must be assumed that Attleecalculated, and calculated correctly,that his trip to China would meetwith the approval of the electorate.Unlike many other foreign policyissues, the British disagreement withAmerica's China policy has not primarily been a left-wing affair. Nodoubt, the Bevanites of the LabourLeft have been more vociferous incriticizing the United States on thisissue, as on others, and apparentlythese extremists were almost alonein being willing to risk an openbreak with America over China policy. But the nation generally hasseemed at odds with anything thatlooked like a tough American linetoward Communist China.This attitude is hardly new. It maybe observed, and partially explained,by surveying British responses toDECEMBER, 1954 9American Far Eastern policy throughout the postwar period of the Truman Administration. From 1945 to1952 — the years with which thisstudy is concerned — British viewsconcerning Asia were rather steadilydivergent from ours. Ideological orientations of British political groups,so important in influencing attitudestoward other American policies, hereseemed of comparatively little import. On Asian and particularly Chinese matters, the approaches of thevarious British political groups rangedonly from the acutely hostile to thecautiously critical.Almost never was the Truman Administration's China policy defendedby an Englishman on the basis ofintrinsic merit. Insofar as the American line was defended at all in Britain, it was only on the ground thatno better policy could be expectedgiven the state of opinion in theUnited States and especially in Congress. In trying to account for the virtualunanimity of British dislike forAmerican policy in the Far East, itis easy enough to say that Britishinterests did not coincide with America's in that part of the world. Buthow these interests, or their evaluation, differed from those of the UnitedStates presents a problem that is not sosimple. The generalization that Britain, because of losing its consciousness of Great Power status and responsibility, was no longer concernedabout the Far East is highly dubious.The most that might reasonably beargued along that line is that theBritish felt less responsible thanAmerica for the consequences ofCommunist aggrandizement outsidethe sphere of Britain's customary influence. Corollary to this, it might besaid that the British were moreanxious to avoid a major war in Chinabecause they had relatively little political concern for that country. TheirWhite in the Akron Beacon-Journal interest in China, while economicallyappreciable, did not match Britishinterest in Malaya or India, forexample.British vigilance in dealing withMalayan Communists serves to illustrate that the nation could be significantly concerned about an Asianproblem. However, India is a muchlarger and more telling example ofBritain's continued interest in Asia.India's place in the British consciousness has more than rivalled the prominence of China in the Americanmind. For Britain, India has been theAsian problem for generations. Theresponsibility once assumed by Englishmen as the imperial rulers of India has been transformed into thesense of partnership which goes withmembership in the Commonwealth.Nowadays the British remain awareof Indian problems and sensibilitiesbecause they wish to preserve theCommonwealth tie.China has been a different matter.Despite extensive trading interestsand the crown colony of Hong Kong,the British have not had so markeda political and emotional involvementin Chinese affairs as have Americans.Or at least British involvement inChina has not bulked large comparedto the national involvement elsewhere. Some but surely not all theexplanation may lie in the fact thatBritain, unlike the United States,does not have the sense of geographical proximity which comes withfacing China across an ocean.More particularly, the British postwar attitude toward China was different from the American in that nogreat expectations about the Nationalist regime's status as a great powerhad been entertained during WorldWar II. Treating China as one of theBig Five, both in the peace settlement and in arrangements for theUnited Nations Security Council, wasregarded as a peculiarly American,or Rooseveltian, fancy. Britain didnot think of Chiang Kai-shek as animportant wartime ally (at least notof Britain), and the preservation ofhis regime was of no intimate significance to Englishmen.Certainly no British governmentwas going to be charged with success or failure on the basis of theoutcome of the Chinese civil war.The conflict between the Communistsand the Nationalists was, of course,reported in the British press, but itattracted little discussion and no controversy of a political character. Tosome extent, the Chinese civil warwas treated in Britain as a strugglebetween Russian and American in-The Red CarpetBRITISHV/~N LABOR^~>^ DELEGATION10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAssociated PressON RECENT TRIP TO RED CHINA BRITISH LABOUR LEADER CLEMENT ATTLEE DRINKS A TOAST WITH CHOU EN-LAIterests in the Far East, and thus assomething which did not directlyconcern the British themselves.Even the very small fraction ofBritish opinion that was aware of thedangers of Communist victory in thecivil war found no satisfaction withAmerican policy at the time. Partlythis was because of a lack of confidence in Chiang Kai-shek and awidespread British belief that theUnited States was backing a loser.As the civil war drew to a close,there was at least a general pleasurethat Britain had not become identifiedwith the losing side and accordinglya hope that Britain could establishrelations with the victorious Communists.Already, in mid-1949, recognitionof the Communist regime was widelyanticipated. Although the actual decision to recognize was the responsibility of the Labour Government, itwas frequently advised in otherquarters in the name of facing "realities." Asian nationalism was considered one of those realities, and theprotection of British trading interests another. Establishment of diplomatic relations, it was stressed, didnot mean approval of communism,Chinese or any other style. Backing Chiang on Formosa was regarded asunwise because it was said to "cement Communist China and SovietRussia."Recognition of Communist Chinawas generally approved when theBritish government announced itearly in 1950. Virtually no protestwas made against dealing with theCommunists because they were Communists. The only significant objections openly raised, in this period,related to the timing of the recognition. Foreign Minister Bevin wascriticized for moving so soon, especially before full Commonwealthconsultation and without the participation of the United States.The last point is important. In thefirst six months of 1950 (that is, before the Korean War began), theBritish seemed to assume that America was not really settled in a refusalto establish diplomatic relations withCommunist China. Foreign SecretaryBevin, for example, evidently believed that the United States wouldnot veto the admission of Communist China to the United Nations. Inother ways, he hinted, in effect, thatthe gap between British and American policies would narrow. This reflected the British estimate that the Truman Administration was onlytemporarily inhibited from facing the"realities" by the then current Republican attacks on the State Department.Before the assumption as to eventual American policy toward Chinacould be tested over an ordinarycourse of time, the Korean war intervened. For the moment, existing disagreements about China did notforcibly intrude, and there was avirtually unanimous British praisefor the immediate American actionagainst the North Korean aggression.However, given the firm convictionthat Mao's regime was a fait accompli,the action in Korea was never viewedas the beginning of a campaign againstcommunism in Asia. Britain's interestin Korea was largely indirect, and theoriginal enthusiasm was a reaction toAmerican implementation of the general principle of a United Nationsstand against military aggression.Willingness to take action in Koreaserved notice of the serious intentionto do the same elsewhere, notably inEurope. This was the keynote ofPrime Minister Attlee's announcementof the American military moves:". . . the salvation of all is depend-DECEMBER, 1954 11ent on prompt and effective measuresto arrest aggression wherever it mayoccur."Yet there was in the summer of1950 a manifest uneasiness aboutbroader American Far Eastern policies in relation to the Korean war.The Labour Left was not alone inbeing disturbed about the Americancommitment concerning Formosa. InAugust, 1950, the liberal ManchesterGuardian Weekly said: "The westernworld is horrified at the thought thatby the Presidential declaration aboutFormosa the United States may havelaid herself open to possible war withCommunist China, the very thing theRussians most want to provoke." Itwas not argued that the United Statesshould have neglected to neutralizeFormosa but only that it should havebeen done without appearing tochampion Chinese Nationalists as opposed to Chinese Communists.Ambiguous AttitudeIt was not the mere desire to avoidan enlarged Asian conflict that meaningfully set off British opinion fromthat of most Americans. What wasrelevant was that Britain was prepared to believe that further involvement would be attributable tomistaken American policies.There was a virtually unanimousfeeling even in mid -1950 that theUnited States had already alarmedthe Chinese Communists by its non-recognition, by its continued attachment to Chiang, by its ambiguousattitude about Formosa, and by Mac-Arthur's apparent intentions. Theonly point in British dispute waswhether America's China policy resulted from honest error or deliberatemalice. Americans, it will be remembered, were also divided on Chinaissues in the summer of 1950, buthardly along the same lines.In view of the British state of mind,it is not surprising that the massiveChinese intervention of November,1950, was viewed very differently thanit was in the United States. It wouldbe too much to say that Englishmen,or a large portion of them, excusedthe Communist aggression by thetheory that America provoked it.Ideas, except on the extreme left,were not so clear cut as that. Themore typical moderate reaction wasthat of the London Economist. It didnot want to pardon "the clear aggression of the Chinese Communists," butit asked whether the American-ledcampaign in Korea had really kept inview its limited United Nations purpose or whether it had been trans formed into a program of winning acomplete Far Eastern victory.Much of the British criticism wasdirected at General MacArthur, whoin the previous summer had madehimself unpopular by visiting Formosa. The strongest attacks attributed war-mongering malice to theGeneral, and the mildest commentsmerely military mistakes. EvenChurchill put himself on record ashaving hoped that MacArthur's troopswould be stopped well short of theYalu River.In the winter months of 1950-51,immediately following the Chineseintervention, the British remaineddeeply troubled by their impressionthat American policy might willfullyor mistakenly cause a general war.Popularly the United States came tobe presented as an aggressive power,relative to Britain at any rate. InUnited Nations discussions, for instance, Americans were almost invariably observed to be demandingstrong retaliatory measures againstChina, in contrast to the pacifyingrole assumed by British diplomats.Undoubtedly there was genuine fearof what the United States was goingto do. This fear was magnified bythe first interpretation of PresidentTruman's famous press conferencestatement that the use of the atombomb in Korea was under active consideration. Prime Minister Attlee'ssubsequent trip to Washingtonseemed, to the British, to be necessary as a means of communicatingthe island's horror of precipitatinglarge-scale war.Continued SuspicionNever during the following yearsof the Korean War was there quitethe same degree of urgent alarm concerning American policy, but theBritish nevertheless continued to besuspicious. The barest hint of strongAmerican measures against China revived the fears previously aroused.On the other hand, fears were occasionally alleviated by the apparentAmerican acceptance of a stalematein the Korean conflict.Thus, British spirits rose with theremoval of General MacArthur, withthe persistence of the Truman- Ache -son-Bradley policy that emerged fromthe MacArthur hearings, and with thewillingness to negotiate almost endlessly at the Korean battle line. Thesepacific signs contrasted, in the Britishmind, with the closer American identification with the Nationalist regimeon Formosa arid with relatively warlike speeches by Americans. What is striking is that throughoutthe long period of Chinese militaryaction against the United Nations inKorea and throughout the torturedconduct of peace negotiations by theCommunists, British opinion remainedconsistently devoted to the view thatstrong American measures would bemistaken. British politicians, especially the leaders of the ConservativeGovernment, had to make it clearthat they were as much against warwith China as the rest of the community. Thus Churchill reiterated hisview that "the United Nations shouldavoid by every means in their powerbecoming entangled inextricably in awar with China."Persistent OptimismThe continued British aversion tostrong measures against CommunistChina was bolstered, though lessprominently during military hostilities, by the original expectancy thatMao Tse-tung's regime was actuallyor potentially an independent powercapable of amicable relations with theWest. It was this belief which wasat the basis of the British recognitionof Communist China in the first place,and of the British desire, from timeto time, to give Communist Chinaa seat in the United Nations. Furthermore, such friendly acts, it wassometimes argued, would in themselves make more likely a Chineseindependence of Russia.In addition to this kind of optimism,there was another variety yet morewishful in its thinking. A leftistminority adhered to the view that theChinese Communists were no morethan rather extreme revolutionarysocialists who, if dealt with fairly bythe West and especially by America,would be no danger at all.So heavily ideological a faith couldnot, after the years of Chinese Communist aggression, appeal to the bulkof the British public. But the vaguerhope for getting along with Communist China remained almost universalin Britain. That hope was sharplyrevived once the fighting in Korea(and in Indo-China) was stopped.If the Chinese Communists refrainfrom further military aggression inAsia, British pressure for admissionof the Mao Tse-tung regime to theUnited Nations is certain to mount.All that now appears to be restraining British policy from officially taking that position is the understandable desire to avoid a sharp breakwith the United States.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETESTINGTHE BRAINBy Ward C. HalsteadProfessor, Psychology and PsychiatryH<.OW DOES A BRAIN learn? Howdoes injury to the brain affect theindividual? How do certain diseasesaffect the brain?These and other questions lie behind the specialized brain researchbeing carried on at university laboratories in various parts of the world.For centuries, functions of the brainhave proved a fascinating and, attimes, baffling subject to doctors andscientists. The measurement of braininjuries has posed particularly difficultproblems, since damage to the brainmay be invisible externally or toodelicate to be measured by instruments like the brain-wave recorder.The frenzied pace of modern livingpresents many hazards to the brain.Thousands of persons yearly sustainhead injuries in automobile and industrial accidents.The human brain weighs aboutthree pounds and is not firmly anchored in the skull. After a sharpblow it literally bounces back andforth in its case, up against the bonysphenoidal ridge.Moreover, certain diseases, like un-dulant fever, high blood pressure andhyper-thyroidism can inflict damageto the brain. Chronic undernourishment can leave the brain permanentlyaffected.At Billings Hosptal for the pasttwenty years we have been engagedin the study of effects of injury to thebrain. In the course of our work wehave developed some 27 tests whichhave proven to be quite sensitive indetecting even a moderate degree ofbrain damage. Our work has concerned itself primarily with the study of activitiesassociated with man's frontal lobes.They are the seat of man's highestintelligence, co-ordination and self-control (unlike brains of lower forms,like mice or monkeys, which are lessspecialized in function). Injury to thefrontal lobes, we have found, mayresult in lack of initiative, disturbances in attention span, impairmentin thinking and disruption of emotions.In the course of our work we havetested some 3,000 people, includingnormal and brain-injured individuals.We hope eventually to test 10,000.with approximately 1,000 in each often decades of human life span.Our work has been made easier, ofcourse, with the growth in the skillsof neurosurgery, so that we have hadan increasing number of patients withProfessor Ward C. Halstead ishead of the Medical PsychologySection of the Department of Medicine and Chairman of the Bio-psychology Section of the Psychology Department.He came to the University in1935 as a National Research Council Fellow following his doctoralwork in psychology and neurologyat Northwestern. At that time heset up the first experimental psychology laboratory for work directly with brain-injured patients.He is the author of the well-known monograph Brain and Intelligence. known brain parts removed. In exchange, we have been able to provide neurosurgeons with informationneeded in their work.For example, a man came to usrecently who did not respond whenspoken to, but showed clearly thathe understood a written message.Tests proved he was not deaf. If youstopped there, you might think he wassuffering from a form of dementia.Our tests showed he was actuallysuffering from a brain injury, andhad lost the ability to absorb spokeninformation.Historically, questions concerningintelligence and brain functions havearisen almost equally from the general fields of education and medicine.Since the beginning of the presentcentury professional psychologists,working within the framework ofeducation, have grappled with theseproblems. The well-known I.Q. testsand the placement or achievementtests are among their most notableproducts. The names of Binet, Spearman, Terman, Thurstone and Hol-zinger are intimately associated withthis endeavor. Only more recentlyhave professional psychologists foundopportunity to pursue these problemswithin the framework of medicine.The mounting problem of mentalillness; the technical advances inneurosurgery which have given riseto many specialized problems in therehabilitation of brain- operated patients; and the growing recognitionof medicine's need to understand themental capacities and incapacities ofits patients have all combined to openDECEMBER, 1954 13CATEGORY TEST — This test(right) helps measure one of thebasic operations in thinking — theability to grasp and recognizesimple principles presented innon-verbal terms. The patientmust spot the principle of "oddity" or "difference" in each of208 subtests and signal her choiceon the reaction keys. (A bellchimes if she's wrong.) MULTI-SENSORY TIMING ACCUITY TEST — This test (left)shows how fast firm associationscan be built in the brain betweenvisual and auditory signals. Someretarded reading cases may be deficient in this capacity. Dr. Halstead feels he may be on the trackof an additional factor in his biological intelligence concept.up new opportunities for the medically oriented psychologist. Todaythe medical psychologist works in thefield of medicine much as his colleague works in the field of education.Many of you will recall such namesas Henry Donaldson, John Watson,Charles Herriek, George Coghill, andKarl Lashley. Each of these menworked at the University. Theyshared a scientific interest in the relationships between brain and behavior,and made significant contributionsfrom this campus to our knowledge. For instance, Professor Lashley'stwo laws of organization of the cerebral • cortex of the brain were firstenunciated in a monograph publishedby the University of Chicago Press,well in advance of his departure in1935 for Harvard. Working in thecramped laboratory quarters of oldCulver Hall, Professor Lashley, withhis highly educated rats, laid the experimental foundations for the proposition that certain classes of habits aredisturbed in direct proportion to themass of cerebral cortex destroyed(experimentally). He further noted that within a functional region of thebrain, the cells are equi-potential (thesame degree of behavior deficit wasproduced by a lesion of a given sizeregardless of its location within thefunctional region).According to Dr. Lashley, higherbrain functions depended upon organized masses of brain cells and theirprocesses, rather than upon a mosaicor "telephone switchboard" whereideas were "plugged-in" on built-incircuits.Many of you will recall the heatedcontroversy generated by the publica-14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtion in 1929 of Dr. Lashley's Monograph, Brain Mechanisms and Intelligence, in which he stated theseviews.His views gained considerable support from the discovery soon afterthat the intelligence quotient or I.Q.may not be disturbed a single pointfollowing surgical removal of bothpre-frontal lobes in man; i.e., approximately one-third of his brain.This finding was described independently by myself and by Professor Donald Hebb of McGill University.The outcome produced more confusion than light. The educational psychologists had come to have highconfidence in the I.Q. test as an expression of the general adaptive capacity of the child through his schoolyears — the assumption being that ifhe could score high on the test hecould perform well in many areas.Medical psychologists, such as myself, having noted that many psychoticindividuals were profoundly disturbedin their general adaptive capacity —they suffered loss of the ability togeneralize, to learn principles, to exhibit responsibility for themselves — ¦but in many instances had superiorI.Q.'s, were inclined to question theintelligence test as a valid measure ofintelligence.The position of the medical psy chologist was strengthened by the observation that individuals in whom ithad become necessary to remove evenone frontal lobe often tended to beseriously handicapped in their intellectual and general social adaptations.The paradox could be stated asfollows: Either the intelligence testis a good measure of adaptive capacity of the individual and thefrontal lobes have nothing to do withthis capacity or the frontal lobes haveimportant relationships to generaladaptability that are not reflected inintelligence test scores.I chose in my investigative workto back the second alternative. Otherlaboratories, notably at McGill andColumbia, have pursued the first alternative. From these diverse linesof inquiry have resulted researchfindings which may be of considerableimportance to both education andmedicine.In 1935, encouraged by DoctorsPercival Bailey, Lashley, Herriek andothers, I set up a medical laboratoryin the University Clinics to studyhigher brain functions in man fromthe point of view of experimentalpsychology. Unstinting help and cooperation was forthcoming from everysector of the clinical departments andfrom other areas of the University.Shortly after I began my work in this field, it became apparent thatexisting intelligence tests were unsatisfactory for testing brain-damagedindividuals. While the intelligencetests proved effective as tools for theeducational psychologists, they provedinadequate for my work, particularlywhen one of the leading tests wasfound insensitive to the absence ofone-third of the brain.Intelligence tests tend to emphasizethe rational part of the brain. Manypsychologists feel such tests shouldbe based on formal rules of logic,arithmetic and deductive reasoning.On the other hand, there are projective tests, like the Rorschach, formeasuring emotional states. I wantedtests which would make sense notonly in terms of purely rational operations, but would include significantinformation concerning emotionaloperations. Consequently, I began todevelop a series of my own.A 12-year old child with an I.Q. of100 can pass the 27 tests successfully;a college graduate with even mildneurosurgical lesions of the frontallobes cannot. In administering ourtests, I have no personal contact withthe patient whatsoever, to maintainas objective a check as possible.In the course of my research, Iintroduced the term biological intelligence, a concept embodying four fac-TACTUAL PERFORMANCE TEST — Blindfolded, the subject tries to place variously shaped blocks intotheir appropriate recesses on board, first with right, then with left hand, and a third try with both. Eachtrial is timed. Without warning she is then asked to draw outline of board from memory. Note mirror,through which unseen observers may watch testing. (See cover).LewellynDECEMBER, 1954 15tors, abstraction (A), power (P),memory (C) and modality (D). Whilethese factors were isolated by techniques of experimental psychology,several independent confirmations oftheir existence and individuality havebeen forthcoming from factor analyses. (Factor analysis is a mathematical technique for summarizing therange of variability of a battery oftests.)The A, or abstraction factor, is abasic scanning ability, whereby thevarious classes of information arriving at the brain via sense organs areexamined for their significant features.It enables the brain to grasp principles in a train of events, and tomake either short or long range adaptation in response.The P, or power factor, representsthe variable energy control in biological intelligence. Patients vary notonly in the amount of power theyhave but in sustaining it. The amountof power they generate from the brainwaxes and wanes at different times inthe daily cycle. Most individualshave one or two good periods in thedaily cycle during which power inthe sense of available energy is optimal for high level scanning. Take the case of a factory supervisor, whowas referred to us because he hadbecome slow-witted and forgetful onthe job and was suffering from hypothyroidism.After treatment in the metabolicdepartment of the university clinics,both his performance at work and onour tests improved, as well as hisdisposition. His original score hadshown him to be low on the "powerfactor."Power is also reduced by such influences on the brain as anesthetics,alcohol, fatigue and anxiety.The C or memory factor registersthe outcome, in varying degrees offidelity, of the scanning operation asit has been carried towards completeness of understanding. Without thisfactor, the brain would, in effect, be"born" every morning.The D, or modality factor, is thedirectional factor or avenue throughwhich information is received by thebrain and through which organizedbehavior patterns are expressed tothe outside. These are the primaryinput and output pathways; brainlesions can alter either selectively asin the case of the individual, who, following a paralytic stroke, may be unable to express his intelligencethrough words but can comprehendwritten and spoken material.Our evidence indicates that each ofthe above four factors is a necessarycomponent of biological intelligence,the normal product of a healthy brain.The patients who come to us fortesting are referred to us by neurosurgeons, neurologists, psychiatrists,cardiologists, and endocrinologists.Naturally, we also test a large number of normal persons of various agesto serve as controls.Some of our tests are currentlybeing applied by the Navy and theAir Corps in their attempt to determine the possible effects upon thebrain from prolonged exposure ofmilitary personnel to the very intensenoise levels of jet fighter planes asthey are launched from aircraft carriers.Copies of our tests are now beingapplied in some half dozen medicalcenters throughout the country in thestudy and diagnosis of brain-injuredpatients. Our Aphasia Test is widelyused in English speaking countriesthroughout the world. It has beentranslated into Portugese and willsoon be available in Spanish. (Aphasia is loss or impairment of the powerto use or understand speech.)During the past year the doctoralresearch of one of my graduate students, Dr. Gerald Shure, now at theUniversity of Utah, has produced animportant confirmation of ProfessorLashley's principle of mass action. Itturns out that our A factor (abstraction) is disturbed in direct proportionto mass of cortical tissue injured inman's frontal lobes. In this respect,rat brains and human brains appearto be alike. Related to this discoveryis our observation that injury to thecortex diminishes but does not abolishany of our four factors. Purely cortical lesions do not disturb the formof intellect but diminish its quantity. If, as in the case of rat brains,disturbance in behavior is producedby the number of cells rather than byspecial kinds of cells, then a new possibility arises in the treatment of cor->tical brain injury in man: Appropriate chemical stimulation of theremaining cortical cells might increasethe quantity of intellect produced bythe injured brain to the point of normal performance. At the present timethis possibility remains a scientificdream rather than an accomplishment. There are, however, enoughhints from studies of lower animalsto bring this possible new therapeuticapproach to human brain injuryunder careful study.BIOPSYCHOLOGIST WARD C. HALSTEAD IN HIS BILLINGS HOSPITAL OFFICE16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELewellynON MONDAY, October 18, SunnyGym at the Laboratory Schooltook on all the trappings of a bargain basement as hundreds of peopleswarmed in to buy the 8,000 articlesof clothing and other items at theSchool's semi-annual ScholarshipFund Sale.The prices at the sale ranged fromfive cents — for books and sox — to$35 for a silver fox stole. For thefirst time, a second-hand televisionset was offered for sale. It went for$10. At the sale last Spring the choiceitem was a mastodon tooth.By the time the sale was over onTuesday noon, adding machines wereclicking off a total intake of $3,573,of which approximately one halfwould go to the scholarship fund. Theother half is refunded to the donorin proportion to his donations and theamount his particular items sold for.This practice, it is thought, encourages donors to bring in articles ofhigher quality and in better condition.The clothing sale began seven yearsand sixteen sales ago. In the Springof 1947 a group of Laboratory Schoolparents organized the first ClothingExchange Sale. It had a three-foldpurpose: To foster a cooperativespirit among parents by working onDECEMBER, 1954 a common project, to raise money forthe school's scholarship fund, and tohelp meet the need in post-warEurope for clothing by sending allunsold clothing that was in good condition overseas via • the AmericanFriends Service Committee.A contribution of $365 was made tothe scholarship fund as a result of thefirst sale, and the next sale the following Fall netted $410 for Scholarship help. By comparison, $4,000 wascontributed to scholarships by lastyear's two sales.Mrs. Austin Brues, whose husbandis director of the division of biologicaland medical research at the ArgonneLaboratory, was chairman of the firstsale. She and her committee settledon the practice, common among salesat Eastern private schools, of refunding half of the sale price of each itemto the donors.That first sale grossed $750, arousedaround seventy-five parents to worktogether on the sale, and shippedtwenty cartons of clothing overseas.By comparison, the sixteenth saleraised $3,573, numbered 275 workersin the crew, and shipped thirty boxesof unsold clothing abroad.Co-chairmen of the Fall 1954 salewere faculty wives Mrs., ChauncyHarris and Mrs. Allison Dunham. To gether they guided the chairman ofthe various committees and theirworkers through the maze of detailand organization necessary to keeptabs of the thousands of articles thatare donated, and the countlesswoman-hours of work needed to calculate refund checks.The refund checks this year rangedfrom $42 to twenty-five cents.While the sale was originally aclothing exchange, it has grown toinclude a wide range of miscellaneous items. A small mink cape showedup last Spring. Choice items havealso included an English bone chinatea set, movie projectors, vacuumcleaners, and dish washers. Ice-skates are perennially popular as wellas toys and books. Workers at thesale aren't surprised anymore at anything that is donated, and one package of clothing disclosed a used vaccination patch tucked among theitems.There is always a brisk trade ininfant wear and furnishings. Bathi-nettes, baby buggies and high chairsusually crowd the aisles adjoiningcounters where complete layettes canbe assembled at bargain prices.For Bargains, Turn Page17Book counter (above) is popular place. Tow-haired child settles down with a picture bookwhile Mrs. Hans J. Morgenthau (second fromleft) stands by to assist purchasers and readpicture captions to small fry. Sale chairmanMrs. Chauncy Harris (below, left), takes timeout to check lining of silver fox stole. Goodquality, inside and out, stole sold for $35.Mrs. Cyril Houle (lower right) sports worker's badge and models red straw hat. (All Photos by Lewellyn)Mother (above) and youngster try toy gun for sizewhile Finnish-born parents (right) transport sleepychild in sturdy wooden papoose. Rain fails to dampenspirits of contented customers (below) as TV setgets carted to new home.University NewsAtomic CalendarSolves MysteryRadioactive carbon settles dispute; DowntownBusiness School Moves; Independent StudentsLeague Takes Wide Majority in AssemblyJ.HE LONG-STANDING mystery ofthe correlation of the ancient Mayanand modern calendars has been solvedby the radioactive carbon method ofdating, Willard F. Libby, Professor ofChemistry in the Institute for Nuclear Studies now on leave to theAtomic Energy Commission, reports.Mr. Libby recently published thefifth group of findings establishingthe prehistoric time scale for areas inNorth America, Central America, Europe and Africa, using the Carbon14 method of dating ancient materials.The Mayan calendar was one of themost accurate ever made by man andmore accurate than the calendar usedby the Spaniards when they conqueredthe descendants of the Mayas inYucatan.While Mayan dates thus can be correlated with each other, archeologistshave disagreed about correlatingdates in the Mayan calendar with ourcalendar. Two contradictory theorieshave been evolved, one by Herbert J.Spinden and the other by J. T. Goodman and J. Eric Thompson.In establishing the definitive correlation, Libby used carved sapodillawood sections of door frame fromGuatemala. These frames had identical Mayan dates carved on them. According to Spinden's idea, the Mayandate should be correlated with ourcalendar to read October 30, 481 A.D.According to the opposing view, thedate would be June 30, 741 A.D.Libby's results show that the Spin den correlation of the calendars iscorrect. As a result, archeologists ofMiddle America now have a knowntime scale with which to operate.ISL takes assemblyFor the first time in Student Government history a political party captured all but four seats in the 46-seatstudent assembly, as the IndependentStudents League won 42 of 45 contested positions in the all- campuselections last month. (The medicalschool failed to run a candidate forthe 46th seat, which is still empty.)HE WON!Tipton Candidates from Student Representative Party, the losing side, wereelected to fill one seat in the college, one in social sciences, and onein the federated theological schools.There were no independent candidates on this year's slate.The victory gives ISL control ofStudent Government for the sixthtime since ISL's inception in 1948.Approximately 32% of the totalstudent body cast about 1500 ballots. This is a 4% drop from lastyear's election.ISL campaigned on their programof student services. Under their direction, Student Government runs aStudent Center in Reynolds Club,which includes a book exchange,theatre ticket service, and mimeograph service. SRP denounced thecenter, labelling it a "wire cage" (thebook center is enclosed behind a wirefence) and again put forth proposalsfor U.S. -Russian student exchange.Representation in the student assembly is divided by divisions andschools, with the college forming aseparate electoral division. One delegate represents roughly 100 studentswith a minimum of one seat for eachbody.SG is the official spokesman forthe student body before the University administration.Left, Leah Blumberg tells AlFortier, College student, that he hasjust been elected president of StudentGovernment.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJoins Research CenterThe Chicago Tumor Institute became affiliated with the medical andbiological research center of the University recently, turning over its assets of more than a quarter of a million dollars for use in the study andtreatment of cancer.The radiation therapy floor of thecenter, which includes the NathanGoldblatt Memorial Hospital and theA.E.C. -built Argonne Cancer Research Hospital, has been designatedthe Chicago Tumor Institute of theUniversity.The Institute was organized in 1937,largely through the efforts of the lateDr. Ludvig Hektoen, for over 30 yearsprofessor and head of the University'sdepartment of pathology. He and Dr.Max Cutler, who resigned as directorin 1953, operated the Institute as adiagnostic and radio-therapy center.The Institute pioneered in the useof massive dosages of radiation, obtaining a loan from the Belgian government of one of the largest stocksof radium ever gathered together(about 10 grams).New HeadquartersThe Downtown Program of theSchool of Business has moved to newquarters. It is now housed in theInternational Harvester Educationand Training Building, 190 East Delaware Street, on the Near North Side.The center is rented from I-H,which uses the building in the daytime. The air-conditioned building,opened in 1952, contains the latest inteaching aids and classroom equipment.The move from 19 South La SalleStreet to the new quarters is partof the School's plan to increase theavailability of its offerings in businessmanagement to technical and professional people in the Chicago area. Forexample, the number of engineerswho have enrolled as candidates forthe degree of Master of Business Administration has increased sharply inthe past two years.The School's downtown eveningprogram has grown considerably sinceWorld War II. The evening programis similar to the regular campus daytime program, and also leads to anM.B.A. degree. It is scheduled inevening hours to suit the needs ofworking men and women.Downtown courses are, for the mostpart, given by regular campus faculty. *Students may, and often do, movefreely from one program to the other.Non-degree students may also enroll. In addition to the regular eveningprogram, the new center will housethe School's famed Executives Program, an intensive training series forleadership in industry.Enrollment upEnrollment is up almost 10% overlast year, reports Registrar William E.Scott.Enrollment for the entire University is currently 6,986, compared to6,362 a year ago, an increase of 624,Mr. Scott said. The number of students on theQuadrangles is 4,713, compared to4,615 last year, an increase of 98, or2.1%.Downtown College showed thesharpest jump in enrollment, with anadditional 452 students signed up.Total enrollment is now 1,671, up37.1% from the 1,219 registered a yearago.The School of Business DowntownCollege also showed a sizeable increase, with 602 enrolled, an increaseof 74, or 14%, over 528 students lastyear.NEW HEADQUARTERS FOR DOWNTOWN PROGRAM, SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, SHOWING HANDSOME ENTRANCE (ABOVE) AND TYPICALCLASSROOM (BELOW) WITH LATEST IN FURNISHINGS AND LIGHTING.DECEMBER, 1954 21Sketch flight M Codngton MallTwo views of the new art studiowhich has been set up in LexingtonHall for use by College humanitiesclasses, out of funds donated to thestaff. It is open to the rest of the University, and shown here is the Mondaynight sketch group for faculty andfriends.Lexington Hall, built in 1903 as a"temporary" unit originally housedwomen's activities, when the sexes weresegregated on campus. It has had avaried career since. Among its occupants have been an R.O.T.C. unit, theNursery School, Commons offices andbake shop, campus publications including The Maroon, Cap & Gown, andPhoenix, the University Choir and theCounselling Center.Art materials will also be kept in theold studio at Burton-Judson, FreemanSchoolcraft, studio director, has announced.The studio will be available forother activities, such as photographyclubs and scene designers.Lewellyn22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESook*by Faculty and AlumniBRIEFLY NOTEDTHE UNEASY CASE FOR PROGRESSIVE TAXATION. By WalterBlum, JD, '41, and Harry Kalven, Jr.,JD, '38. University of Chicago Press,1953. $2.50.The principle of progressive taxation is one of the central commitmentsof modern American capitalism. Yetno conclusive case has ever beenmade for any of the popular assumptions that progressive taxation isequitable or "right." The whole issuehas long been in need of a carefulre - examination .Professors Blum and Kalven (ofthe University's Law School) havemade an intelligent, informed, andexhaustive examination of this problem. Their study consists of a brieflegal history of progressive taxationand an extended examination of theeconomic, philosophical, political,ethical, and legal arguments whichbuttress or weaken the doctrine.Required reading for those seri ously concerned with law, economics,and the ethics of public policy, THEUNEASY CASE FOR PROGRESSIVE TAXATION will also open theeyes of anyone who pays taxes — orargues about them.AGE AND ACHIEVEMENT. ByHarvey Lehman, PhD '25. PrincetonUniversity Press, 1953. $7.50.In this book Mr. Lehman is seekingto answer the questions: At whatage is a man likely to reach the peakof achievement in his chosen field, andhow gradually may he expect it todecline? Mr. Lehman studies manyfields, from boxing to philosophy,from business to statemanship.Although the above questions arecentral to many of the problems facedby psychology, sociology, and education, certain assumptions about man'screativity in relation to his chronological age have become so widely accepted as fact that the findings ofthis book come as a surprise.A product of twenty years of research, the book is a statistical evaluation of the quality and quantity ofachievement in relation to age. Avast amount of factual information ispresented in many graphs and tables.Mr. Lehman is Professor of Psychology at Ohio University. Jfeader* QuideCHILDREN'S BOOKSThe December Readers Guide onChildren's Books is fast becoming oneof the MAGAZINE'S Christmas customs. Judging from the response during the past two years from interestedreaders, we predict Miss Eakin's listthis year will be appreciated as youshop, or browse, for just the rightbook for that "special" youngster onyour Christmas list.Miss Mary Eakin is librarian of theUniversity's Children's Book Centerand is in a strategic spot to read andevaluate the best in children's literature during the past year.Books To Read AloudJENNY'S BIRTHDAY BOOK. ByEsther Averill. Harper & Bros., 1954.30p. $2.00.Jenny, the small black cat with thered scarf, celebrates her birthday byhaving a picnic in the park with allof her friends.WHO BUILT THE BRIDGE? ByNorman Bate. Charles Scribner'sSons, 1954. 45p. $2.50.The machines tell the work thateach one does in helping to build thenew bridge after years of spring floodshave weakened the old bridge.IN CAME HORACE. By JanetBeattie; pictures and calligraphy byAnne Marie Jauss. J. B. Lippincott,1954. 32p. $2.00.Amusing story of Horace, a not toolarge but valiant cat, who protects hismaster's property against all invaders.ALPHONSE, THAT BEARDEDONE. By Natalie Savage Carlson;illus. by Nicolas. Harcourt Brace,1954. 78p. $2.50.Humorous story of a French Canadian who trains a bear to take hisplace when he is drafted to fightagainst the Indians.THE HAPPY LION. By LouiseFatio; pictures by Roger Duvoisin.Whittlesey House, 1954. 28p. $1.95.Consternation reigned in Paris theday that the lion from the Paris zootook a notion to visit some of thepeople who were in the habit ofspeaking to him each day as theypassed his cage. Children and adultsalike will chuckle over the available atTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BOOK STOREART BOOKS OF SPECIAL INTERESTPainting in Britain: the Middle Ages, by Margaret Rickert . $8.50The newest volume in the Pelican History of Art covers the period from theAnglo-Saxon Heptarchy to the end of the Middle Ages.Amishland, by Kiehl and Christian Newswanger.. - $5.00"The Newswangers have identified themselves with the Amish culture . . . whatthey say with the etched line is no chance jotting, but an understanding transcription of folk they know."Shadows in Silver, by Lawrence Kocher and Howard Dearstyne $7.50A record of Virginia, 1850-1900, in contemporary photographs taken by Georgeand Huestis Cook, with additions from the Cook Collection.The Eagle, the Jaguar and the Serpent, by Miguel Covarrubias $15.00A study of Indian art of the Americas presented in a handsome book, heavilyillustrated in black and white drawings, and twelve pages in full color.MAIL ORDERS ACCEPTEDTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BOOK STORE5802 Ellis Avenue Chicago 37, III.DECEMBER, 1954 23NINO AND HIS FISH. By EdithThacher and Clement Hurd. Loih-rop, Lee, and Shepard, 1954. 33p.$2.00.Nino is a small boy living nearFisherman's Wharf, San Francisco,who catches a large fish and as aresult wins the birthday party he haswanted so badly. tunity to work as a cook's assistanton a log raft being floated down toSt. Louis. Exceptionally fine illustrations.HENRY AND RIBSY. By BeverlyCleary; illus. by Louis Darling. William Morrow, 1954. 192p. $2.50.More amusing adventures of HenryHuggins and his dog, Ribsy.(<SQAWAY WENT WOLFGANG. ByVirginia Kahl. Charles Scribner'sSons, 1954. 32p. $2.00.Hilarious adventures of Wolfgang,an over-sized, awkward dog whowants desperately to be of help to hismistress, but whose attempts at helpfulness usually turn into disasters.THE ANIMAL FROLIC. By TobaSoja. Putnam's Sons, 1954. 48p. $2.75.Picture book based on the ancientJapanese Scroll of Animals. This isa book to be apprecitaed by adultsas a work of art and enjoyed bychildren for its humor.THE GOLDEN ANIMAL ABC. ByGarth Williams. Simon and Schuster,1954. 24p. $1.00.Amusing pictures of animals representing the letters of the alphabet. Asturdy book for the very young child.YOUR PRAYERS AND MINE. ByElizabeth Yates, comp.; decorationsby Nora S. Unwin. Houghton Mifflin,1954. 64p. $2.00.Beautiful collection of prayers fromall ages of time and from all of theworld's religions.Books For The Eight ToEleven Year OldsDOWN THE MISSISSIPPI. ByClyde Robert Bulla; illus. by PeterBurchard. Crowell, 1954. $2.00.A young boy with a great love forthe Mississippi River has an oppor- JANE'S FATHER. By DorothyKeeley Aldis; illus. by Mary Stevens.G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1954. 126p. $2.50.Jane, Jane's father, and Jane'smother make up one of the most wonderfully funny families to appear inchildren's books. Their adventureswill be fun to read aloud in familygroups or for young readers to enjoyby themselves.JUNIOR FLOWER ARRANGING.By Katherine N. Cutler; photographsby Roche; drawings by Joan Lucas.M. Barrows, 1954. 179p. $2.95.Interesting discussion of a hobbythat is becoming increasingly popularamong children of all ages.THE COURAGE OF SARAHNOBLE. By Alice Dalgliesh; illus. byLeonard Weisgard. Charles Scribner'sSons, 1954. 55p. $2.00.Sarah Noble is an eight year oldgirl living on the frontier in colonialdays.GREENHEAD. By Louis Darling.William Morrow, 1954. 95p. $3.00.Excellent drawings and easy textdescribe the mallard duck and showdetails of his anatomy that make itpossible for him to fly, and his nesting, eating, and migratory habits.Fine for youngsters who are becoming interested in birds and bird-watching.LITTLE WU AJSfD THE WATERMELONS. By Beatrice Liu; illus. by Graham Peck. Follett, 1954. 96p.$2.50.A small Chinese boy works hard togrow watermelons that he can sell tobuy a gift for his mother.MISS PICKERELL GOES TO THEARCTIC. By Ellen MacGregor; Paul Galdone. Whittlesey House,1954. 126p. $2.25.Another story of the delightful MissPickerell and her cow.THE FIRST BOOK OF POETRY.Comp. by Isabel J. Peterson; picturesby Kathleen Elgin. Franklin Watts,1954. 114p. $1.75.WINTER DANGER. By William O.Steele; illus. by Paul Galdone. Har-court Brace, 1954. 183p. $2.25.A young boy of pioneer days learnsa lesson in frontier neighborlinessduring a severe winter.Books For The Twelve ToFifteen Year OldsTHE CAVES OF THE GREATHUNTERS. By Hans Baumann; Isabel and Florence McHugh.Pantheon Press, 1954. 160p. $3.00.Semi-fictionalized account of thediscovery of the ancient caves of Les-caux, France. Illustrated with reproductions of the art from the walls ofthese and similar caves in France andSpain.||iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiim^| A Major Publishing Event |I PSYCHOTHERAPY 1| AND PERSONALITY CHANGE || By the Staff of the Counseling || Center, University of Chicago || Carl R. Rogers and Rosalind I| Dymond, Editors 1I This is the first study to provide sci- |1 entific evidence, based upon adequate || methods and controls, that people do 1I change as a result of non-directive psy- || chotherapy. Thirteen studies are re- j1 ported, each investigating a different 1H hypothesis as to change, and each com- |§| plete with objective evidence. In ad- ii dition, there are case studies containing 1U extensive excerpts from recorded inter- I1 views, and two case studies are reported j1 in full. Psychotherapy and Personality ij Change is an important and highly jI significant contribution to the whole |I field of personality theory as well as || to psychotherapy and counseling. 1[ 496 pages $6.00 1i from your bookseller or from || THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS || 5750 Ellis Avenue Chicago 37, Illinois 1.finiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiM24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEROWAN FARM. By Margot Ben-ary-Isbert; trans, from the Germanby Richard and Clara Winston. Har-court Brace, 1954. 277p.The story of a refugee family livingin post-war West Germany.SEA PUP. By Archie Binns; Robert Candy. Little, Brown,1954. 215p. $2.50.A young boy living near Seattlemakes a pet of a sea lion. Has muchof the same feeling of the Yearling.THE HOUSE OF THE FIFERS. ByRebecca Caudill; decorations by Ge-nia. Longmans, Green, 1954. 184p.$2.15.A fifteen-year-old girl re-discoversher family's basic values during asummer on the ancestral farm.SKYROCKETING INTO THE UNKNOWN. By Charles Coombs; illus.with photographs. William Morrow,1954. 256p. $4.00.Excellent discussion of jet androcket powered planes and of the possibilities of future space travel. Unusually fine photographs.THE DRAWBRIDGE GATE. ByCynthia Harnett. G. P. Putnam'sSons, 1954. 250p. $3.00.Exciting adventure in London during the days of Dick Whittington andthe Oldcastle plots.ENGINEERS' DREAMS. By WillyLey; diagrams and maps by WillyLey; illus. by Isami Kashiwagi. Viking Press, 1954. 239p. $3.50.A discussion of several engineeringprojects that have been planned orconsidered but have not been carriedout for a variety of reasons. Inspiringfor young engineers-to-be.HOME IS WHERE THE HEARTIS. By Mildred Mastin Pace. Whittlesey House, 1954. 191p. $2.50.A young girl finds love and securitywith a family living in the hills ofKentucky.THE WRECK OF THE SAGINAW.By Keith Robertson; illus. by JackWeaver. Viking Press, 1954. 144p.$2.50.An absorbing story of shipwreck,and of the courage of five men whosailed half way across the Pacific ina small boat to bring help to theircompanions.THE POOL OF KNOWLEDGE;HOW THE UNITED NATIONSSHARE THEIR SKILLS. By Katherine Binney Shippen; illus. withphotographs. Harper Brothers, 1954.148p. $2.50. 00Lillian McVean Dannenberg reportsthat she and her husband, Fred, flew toEurope last June to visit their son, Maj.Donald Dannenberg, who is chief chemical officer in Berlin for the U.S. Army.They arrived the evening before the bigriot in East Germany. After two pleasantmonths of travel abroad, the Dannen-bergs returned on the luxury liner,Queen Mary.Harry Newton, a brigadier general inthe U.S.A.F., is chemical consultant tothe director of utilization research, Agricultural Research Service, U.S.D.A.03Lorena King Fairbank would haveattended her 50th reunion on campuslast June if she hadn't broken her hip."Despite handicaps I am living a vividand interesting life," she writes. "Thelatch string at 1318 33rd street, N.W.(Washington, D.C), . . . always hangsout for old friends. Happily, many comeby. Vida Sutton '03 (Tannersville, N.Y.)was with me last April. She is arranging a memorial for Maud Adams . . .in the Catskills."10Herschel G. Shaw reports "quite achange" after having lived for thirty-three years in San Francisco. He isnow residing at Banning, Calif., "on theedge of the desert where the ozone isfit to breathe and Mother Nature veryfriendly."Vera Wertheim, of Chicago, writes,"It was fun for me to visit this yearmany parts of the world I've alwayswanted to see. The first stop was Egypt,including Cairo and Luxor, where Ispent an evening at Chicago House.Then came Lebanon, Syria, Jordon,Israel, Greece, Istanbul, and then toWestern Europe for a trip through Italy,Spain, France and England."12Emada A. Griswold has resigned herteaching position at Oak Park and RiverForest High School in Illinois and isnow living in Boulder, Colo.Charles H. McCurdy, a clergyman inJamaica, Vermont, for many years,and a member of the State legislaturewrites: "Had such a good time in ourstate legislature, I shall run for a secondterm. Next I may aim for the WhiteHouse — if I make it I will give a dinnerthere for all my friends." 13Paul H. Perigord, AM, Professor Emeritus of French Civilization of SantaBarbara College, writes from Port auPrince, Haiti, that he has become a correspondent for the Hispanic Report.14Walter F. Coolidge, AM, of GraniteCity, 111., was honored recently by thelocal board of education which nameda new high school the Walter CoolidgeJunior High School.Manuel Conrad Elmer, PhD, head ofthe University of Pittsburgh's sociologydepartment, was conferred an honoraryDoctor of Humanities degree by MariettaCollege, June 7, 1954.Hazel Hawkins informs us she retiredfrom teaching at Central High Schoolin Fort Wayne, Ind., in June, 1950.15Margaret Fenton Headland visitedwith three alumnae last winter duringa three months' vacation in California.Those contacted were: Iris Spohn Albert,'16; Florence Foxwell Otten, '20; andHelen Street Perlee, '14.Miss Wylle McNeal, former directorof the School of Economics at the University of Minnesota from 1923 to 1950,is now retired and living in Winter Park,Fla.16Morris M. Leighton, PhD, retired lastsummer as chief of the Illinois StateGeological Survey — a position held byhim for the past thirty-one years. Dr.Leighton will now devote all of his timeto completing research on the Pleistocene geology of Illinois.9 FLOORS FILLED WITH BOOKS!Chicago's LargestANTIQUARIAN BOOK STORE(In the heart of the Loop)Everything from 10c books fo raritiesBooks from the 15th CenturyModern, first and limited editions18th & 19th Century English LiteratureLarge stock of pamphlet materialWe buy small and large collections ofgood booksCome in or write usCENTRAL BOOK STORE36 SOUTH CLARK STREETDEARBORN 2-0470Also open evenings and SundaysDECEMBER, 1954John McCormick, JD, was installed asjudge of the Superior Court of CookCounty in December. He resigned asjudge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, a position which he has held forthe last 17 years. A former Dean of theLaw School of Loyola University, he isnow a member of the law faculty of thatschool.17Florence O. Austin, Rush MD '19, isa physician and surgeon on the staffof the Mendocino State Hospital in Tal-mage, Calif. She has charge of the receiving wards and attends all the psychiatric conferences. If her plan wentas scheduled, she took off last April fora flying trip around the world, afterattending the annual American Psychiatric Association Convention, arrivingback home in June.Lois Donaldson Koehler has writtenanother book for children, SKYJETS,to be published by Albert Whitman &Co. Mrs. Koehler is also active as president of the Woman's Society for theUnited Church of Hyde Park, Chicago. Dr. G. Franklin Farman, MD, and hiswife recently returned from a sixmonths' tour of Europe. Dr. Farmancombined some work with pleasure. Hedid special work in urology at Guy'sHospital, London, and at the Universityof Paris.Delos James, DB, dropped in at AlumniHouse in late July on her way toWales. This is her first trip abroad andshe expects to be gone about six months("if my money holds out!") visiting withrelatives. She hopes to spend time inworkshops in England and Germany andto do research in her subject: religionand education. Her home is in Denver,although she has been teaching recentlyin Pueblo.Adaline Lincoln Lush, AM, conductscultural tours of Europe for studentsand teachers attending Iowa State College. The work calls for conferencesbefore going, an outline to be followeden route, and a thesis upon return.Rose Nath Desser of Los Angeles spentthree months touring Europe last summer with her husband. They visitedmany cities in Spain, Italy, France andIsrael.dom'*n°5530 harperSifts • Gourmet's Corner • StationeryThe University community's most unique shop, offering avariety of carefully chosen goods for the most rarefied orthe most practical tastes.The Domino has a wide collection of greeting cards, stationery, andpapeteries . . . carefully selected . . . including our own CATO CARDS. . . Hundreds of articles from all over the world: gifts and games fromJapan — metalcraft from Israel — alabaster boxes and glassware fromItaly — mechanical toys from Germany — Bibelots ceramics and jewelryby local craftsmen.Our Gourmet's Corner is delightfully designed for the most fastidious plates.It's fun to browse or shop at The Domino! Cesar Rotondiand Johann Gardner will give your most difficult gift problem careful consideration. Mail and telephone orders accepted. MUseum 4-1380. 15Carl E. Robinson, JD, a trusteeof Illinois College for over 25years, was presented the institution's first Distinguished Service Citation during ceremoniesmarking the College's 125th Homecoming held October 16th in Jacksonville. Mr. Robinson served asState's Attorney for Morgan County for two terms (1916 and 1924)and in the State Legislature in1928 and 1930. He was a Republican delegate to the National Convention in 1936 and 1940. His 19year-old son, Edward, is a freshman at Illinois College. A second son, Capt. John Robinson,was killed during service with theAir Force in World War II.William D. Appel has been appointedassistant chief of the Organic and Fibrous Materials Division of the NationalBureau of Standards.ISMarjorie Mahurin (Mrs. Loring Myers)writes from Milford, Ohio, "I am up tomy ears in Christian education workfor the Episcopal women in the dioceseof Southern Ohio." Mrs. Myers reportsthat her son William is in Germany thisyear on a Fulbright scholarship. Herson L. Mackie, Jr., is home now afterfourteen months service in Korea. Hewas wounded one week before the trucewas signed.Grace D. Phillips, AM, DB '23, formerlibrarian at the Divinity School in SwiftHall, lives in Denver and is workingpart time in the library of TempleEmanuel.Rev. Arthur Schoenfeldt, retired EastLexington, Mass., minister, is presentlygathering material on the life and worksof Dr. Charles Fallen, Unitarian minister, and first professor of GermanLanguages and Literature at HarvardUniversity.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELeila Venable Hager, AM '26, spent hersummer vacation visiting many placesof beauty and historical note in Iceland and the British Isles.19Lucy Markley, AM '20, DB '21, PhD'25, has returned from the east coast tobecome librarian for Garrett BiblicalInstitute in Evanston.John Parsons, who retired from theKearny (N. J.) High School in 1949, isliving in Arcadia, Calif., where he isactive in local Masonic circles as alecturer.W. L. Richardson, PhD, Winter Park,Fla., is president for the coming year ofthe University Club, an almost all college group of 820 members.20Mary Bolton Wirth is acting supervisor for the Community Relations Division of the Chicago Housing Authority.Florence MacNeal Noonan has invented and marketed a mathematicalgame called "Equality." One to fourpersons can play the game which hasnumbers from one to twelve and basicmathematical symbols to form equationsand cross-equations. The game comes inseveral versions of interest to teen agersand adults.Mary Milligan Stark, of Oxford, Ohio,is chairman of the board of directorsof the Maternal Health Center of ButlerCounty, Ohio.Dean A. Pack, PhD, research chemistfor the Meat Industry Suppliers Inc., ofChicago, retired September 5, 1954.Zoe Seator Price writes that she andher husband have moved from MesillaValley of the Rio Grande 153 milesnorth to "historic and beautiful" LincolnCounty of "Billy the Kid" fame. She isliving at Fort Stanton, an Army postand U. S. Public Health Service station.Mrs. Price is a social worker.Mary Thompson Cowper is keepingvery busy with research in the humanities. A visit to Rennes, France, and theInternational Arthurian Congress isplanned.21Dorothy Gray Compton retired in thewinter of 1953 from teaching high schoolin Chicago.William N. Harrison, SM, is one offour National Bureau of Standardsscientists credited with developing anew ceramic coating material to meetthe increasing demand for high-temperature protection for alloys in nuclearreactors.Margaret Humiston Maury is teachingchemistry and biology at the QuakerSidwell Friends School in Washington,D.C. She has five children, ages 24 to6, and one grandchild, one and one-halfyears old. East with the LewellynsWhen photographer Steve Lewellyn, '48, and his gal Friday, LoisArnett Lewellyn, '45, went travelling through the East last spring,they covered 2500 miles andstopped along the way to visitfriends and relatives, many ofwhom were U. of C. alumni. LastJune we brought you two of thepictures Steve took — of BarrattO'Hara and his assistants, DorothyTaylor and Marie Crowe.Herewith another shot taken bySteve, and editorial text suppliedby Lois:"In Mountain Lakes, N.J., wesaw my aunt and uncle, Mr. andMrs. Gail F. Moulton (EstherBarnard, '20, SM '22). Uncle Gailis a vice-president of the Rockefeller Foundation. Aunt Esther iscurrently active in garden clubwork and is well on her way tobecoming a qualified judge forregional flower shows. Steve tookthis picture by the radio-phonograph cabinet made by Uncle Gail.That's Gail, Jr., over the cabinet.He's slightly older now, just returned from Korea. Bill, the otherson, who attended the Universityin 1947 and '48, is married andliving in Winchester, Pa. Caroline,the only teen-ager left in thefamily, is occupied with SeniorClass activities, voice lessons andher beloved horse, Cotton." Dr. Gordon Ernest Davis, SM, principalmedical bacteriologist, U. S. PublicHealth Service, presented a paper onthe tick-borne relapsing fever spirochetes of Egypt during the Sixth International Congress for Microbiology heldin Rome, in September, 1953. He spentthe remainder of the year doing fieldwork, first in Egypt as consultant to theU. S. Naval Medical Research Unit inCairo, then in Iran for further workand consultations with the director ofand Institut Pasteur in Teheran.From Dana Kelly, of Ogden, Utah,comes this greeting: "My life of 'retirement' is so full of rich experiences thatI do not miss the school room. Moretime for friends, travel, hobbies, churchand clubs — Drama Club, Eastern Star,AAUW, sketching club, and D.A.R.—as well as my home are keeping me busyand happy." Miss Kelly is the new regentfor Golden Spike Chapter of the D.A.R.Charlie Loeffell is our informant thatColville Jackson, captain of the 1920football team, is "making a great success" of the McKintyre Stock Farm atGloster, Miss., where he breeds Aberdeen-Angus cattle. "Last March he heldhis second production auction sale, attracting buyers from distant points."ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone REgent 4-6000IT Swift & CompanyA product of ¦II 7409 So. Stat* Street11 Phone RAdcliffe 3-7400DECEMBER, 1954 2723 25Who should drive up to Alumni Housethe other day in a power-steering newCadillac but Allegra Nesbit, AM '37. Fortwenty-seven years Allegra had beenguidance director at Lew Wallace HighSchool in Gary, Ind. Her mother diedin 1951 and, after getting the estate inshape and the family farm in Indiana ingood hands, Allegra retired. She visitedfrom Florida to California. After a goodrest she settled in a pleasant apartmentjust off the campus at NorthwesternUniversity. To keep alert she accepteda position with Illinois College (Jacksonville) as Chicago area admissionscounselor. It's a full time job which shehandles from an office in her apartment. Katherine Barrett Allen of Washington, D.C, writes that her husband,Clarence, who retired as headmaster ofthe Rivers Country Day School in Chestnut Hill, Mass., is now director of promotion at the Washington Cathedral.2624 Frederick J. Byington, Jr., assistantbusiness manager of the Chicago Tribunesince 1945, and a member of its businessdepartment since 1927, was appointedassistant to the vice-president.Marie Hajek Murda has written abiography, entitled DAVID FARRAGUT:SEA FIGHTER. It was published lastspring by Messner. It is for older teenagers, or it is also suitable for readingaloud to younger children.Ruth Doggett Terzaghi, SM '25, ischairman of the Structural Section ofthe Boston Society of Civil Engineersfor the current fiscal year.Arthur E. Traxler, AM, PhD '32, andJ. Anthony Humphreys, AM '20, PhD'34, have co - authored GUIDANCESERVICES published last May by Science Research Associates. 21Lawrence A. Williams, SM '27, MD '30,has been elected a member of the boardof trustees of the California Institute ofTechnology. He is on the senior attendingstaff of the LA County General Hospitaland the Huntington Memorial Hospital,which he has served as chief of staff. Heis also Associate Professor of Medicineat the University of Southern California.never beforeJOURNAL FEATURES SOUTHWEST STUDYThe AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST, official organ of the AmericanAnthropological Association, has placed between two covers themost complete report on the anthropology of the great AmericanSouthwest ever attempted by any magazine or journal.In preparation for almost two years, the special Southwest Issueis liberally illustrated with pictures, maps, and charts depictingthe scientific, social and humanistic facets of places and peopleslong since changed.Articles and commentaries by authorities with universal reputation will make the special issue "useful and popular for yearsto come."Order the Special Southwest Issue now!$2.25 per copy. 216 pagesTHE AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGISTLOGAN MUSEUM • BELOIT, WISC. Dairyman" s junketIrving and Ruth Reynolds, bothgraduates of the Class of '21, hadthemselves an interesting round-the-world business trip last Spring.Mr. Reynolds, a state representative in the Ohio General Assembly and Republican canditatefor Congress, was invited to visitnations in the Far and Near Eastas a special representative of theU.S. Department of Agriculture.The invitation stemmed from hisrecommendation to the HouseAgriculture Committee that re-combining plants be establishedthroughout the world to help overcome dairy products scarcities invarious areas and to dispose ofan estimated $740,000,000 surplusof U.S. dairy products.During his ten-week tour, hevisited Japan, the Philippines,Malaya, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Burma, Indonesia,Turkey, Israel, and other NearEastern countries.Unlike most junketeers, Mr.Reynolds received no salary as astate representative during hisgovernment mission — and at hisown request.Mr. Reynolds is board chairmanof the Franklin Ice Cream Co.,Toledo, and operates his own dairynear Sylvania. He is a formerPresident of both the NationalAssociation of Ice Cream Manufacturers, and the Dairy IndustriesInternational. During the War heserved as chairman of the BoardRationing Fats and Oils, and wasdirector for Procurement of Perishable Foods for the ArmedServices.Lt. Col. Julian A. Newlander has beentransferred to Third Army Headquartersas assistant chemical officer after havingserved two years in Korea as chemicalofficer for the 25th Infantry Division,and as chemical officer in Okinawa.Beulah Temple Wild, AM '29, is nowassociate director of the social planningunit of the United Community Servicesin Omaha, Neb. She formerly served assecretary of the Health Council of theCommunity Council of Houston, Texas.28John Hancock Barnes is living inCharlottesville, Va., where he is guidancedirector at Lane High School.Ewing Scott, PhD, who is a memberof the chemistry department, SyracuseUniversity, reports that his son, EwingScott II, has won one of the four-yearcompetitive scholarships offered by theBoard of Regents of the University ofthe State of New York. He is attendingSyracuse University this year.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMervin Monroe Deems, PhD, who hasleft the Federated Theological Facultyto return to Bangor, Maine, was presented with a citation for meritoriousservice by the First CongregationalChurch of DeKalb, 111. The ceremonytook place last May. He was cited asa consecrated Christian, a distinguishedscholar, a trusted leader of churches, aneffective preacher, a beloved teacher, acreative writer and editor, an understanding student of Christian mission,and an authority on Congregationalpolity.29Garfield Cox, PhD, was elected President of the American Finance Association for 1954. He is Robert Law Professor of Finance in the School ofBusiness.Helen E. Marshall, AM, Professor ofSocial Sciences at Illinois State NormalUniversity, is writing a history of Normalto be published in connection with theinstitution's 100th anniversay in 1957.Gregory Vlastos, AM, of the philosophy department at Cornell University,has been named to the Susan Linn SageProfessorship of Philosophy at the University. Professor Vlastos will spend thenext academic year at the Institute ofAdvanced Study at Princeton, N. J.,where he will work on a book aboutPlato's philosophy.30William W. Mendenhall, AM, resignedAugust 1, 1954, as director of CornellUnited Religious Work in order to become director of the CongregationalChristian Service Committee's community relief and rehabilitation workbeing undertaken in Salonika, Greece.The Mendenhalls sailed for GreeceAugust 26.In September '53 Frances Brown, AM,was appointed Academic Dean of PineManor Junior College in Wellesley, Mass.31Raymond M. Hilliard has been nameddirector of the Cook County Departmentof Welfare. The post calls for the supervision of taxpayers' expendituresamounting to nearly $60,000,000 a year,and a staff of 1,000 employees.32Charlotte Morehouse Duesing, AM '34,writes that her husband, Howard, hasbeen appointed director of advertising,Department of Church Relations, Boardof Christian Education, PresbyterianChurch, U. S. The Duesings have movedto Richmond, Va.Marjorie Keenleyside is completing abig research job in Guatemala on thecountry's libraries. 33Esther Feuchtwanger Tamm of Mor-ristown, N. J., hopes to return to campusin 1958 for her 25th reunion with classmates. Her husband, who received hismaster's from Michigan in 1933, has beennamed director of engineering for theRowe Manufacturing Co. Mrs. Tamm iscurrently serving as first vice-presidentof the local PTA.Sophie E. Fisher received her Masterof Arts degree in social service fromAdelphi College, June 16, 1954.Albert Galvani writes, "I have movedto Dallas as executive vice-president ofJustin McCarty Inc., one of the largestand oldest fashion dress and sportswearcompanies of fashion -conscious Dallas."Prior to this position he was vice president in charge of the women's dressdivision of the Reliance ManufacturingCo., of Chicago.M. Avramy Melvin, SM '35, PhD '38,Professor of Physics at Florida StateUniversity, has recently installed a chapter of Sigma Pi Sigma, national physicshonor society. He is faculty advisor."Remember somewhat sentimentally being a charter member of the ChicagoChapter about twenty years ago."Helen Stevenson, of Apopka, Fla., iscurrently employed as a social workerwith the Orange County Welfare Department in Orlando, Fla. 34Ruth Beck, AM, of Maywood, 111., hasbeen elected vice-president of the National Association of Deans of Womenfor the year 1954-55.Winfred R. Isom, has been namedmanager of the Donnelley Printing Company's Crawfordsville, Ind., plant.Floyd I. Mulkey, AM, is on the editorial staff of American Peoples Encyclopedia, Chicago, and his wife, Ella MarieJohnson, '29, AM '32, is with the St. PaulMethodist Church.William John Sailer, AM '35, followinga recent visit with parents in New Jersey, has returned to his post in Bonn,Germany, as public affairs officer andpersonal press attache to Dr. James B.Conant, U. S. High Commissioner andAmbassador to Germany.Jane Weber Weingart (Mrs. BernardA.) is a Shaker Heights, Ohio, home-maker and an active volunteer worker.She has three sons, ages 14, 11, and 6.She is active at Bellfaire, (a treatmentcenter for emotionally disturbed children) and for the past two years shehas been chairman of the Jewish BigSisters committee that is one of the onlytrained volunteer group working withsuch children. Jane's husband is president of the Forest City Weingart Produce Co.NOW! life insurance protection foryour family during vital years . . .7^ all premiumsreturned fitut dividendstpC&.** this is now possible through modern life insuranceplanning with the SUN LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY OF CANADA, one ofNorth America's leading life companies. The new Sun Life Security Fund"insurance or money-back" plan enables you to provide life insurance protectionfor your family until you are 65 with a guarantee that, if you live to 65, all themoney you paid will be refunded to you in full . . . plus accumulated dividends.\J*l # * * the proceeds at age 65 can be c) used to purchase a paid-up policy fora) used to provide an annuity; the original sum assured, with ab) left on deposit with a guaranteed balance which can be taken in cashrate of interest; or as a guaranteed I To the SUN LIFE OF CANADArepresentative in your | 607 Shelby St., Detroit 26, Mich.district for more i Without obligation, I would like more details of the newinformation about the Sun Life Security Fund plan.Sun Life "money-back" I NAMEplan, or mail this jcoupon today, i ADDRESS I AGE DECEMBER, 195435E. Jackson Baur, PhD '42, is on sabbatical leave this year from the University of Kansas, engaged in researchon decision making in welfare agencies.The grant was made possible by theCommunity Studies, Inc., Kansas City,Mo. W. Edward Clark's summer exploitshave been captured on film. He hascompleted a half-hour 16mm color film,"Climbing in the Tetons," the result ofseveral summers of climbing in GrandTeton National Park. "The film isunique," he writes, "showing techniquesof snow and rock climbing and routesup the three higher summits."Tokyo SpecialCharlotte Ayers Steere, '33, whois with the office of the AuditorGeneral, USAF in Tokyo, keepsthe alumni office up-to-date onthe doings of our Alumni Club inTokyo. A letter from her describesthe group's second meeting of lastyears. She writes:"We met for dinner at the Sue-hiro Restaurant, Ginza. It hadbeen decided that a sukiyaki dinner would be appropriate sinceboth Japanese and foreigners likethat dish. We had, therefore, aproper private dining room — tatamiand cushions for Japanese service,and check your shoes at the door,please. This dinner, by the way,was an interesting example of modern internationalism since thisthoroughly Japanese meal wasconcluded with western pastry andcoffee, sweetened, I regret to say,in the kitchen before service — anunfortunate habit of some Japaneserestaurants."The proceedings opened withMr. J. Kasai's reading of the Chancellor's letter of greeting. Hebrought the letter to me so that Icould read it for myself first; hewas beaming."The speaker was Mr. WalterSimmons of the Chicago Tribunewho talked on the current Communist influence among Japaneseintellectuals. Mr. Kasai, who isviolently anti-Communist, hopesthat the U. S. will flood Japan withreally first-class propaganda tocounteract that coming from Russia. According to an article in theNippon Times today, theirs is morefrequently presented than ours andmuch more interesting."I thought you might be interested in the list of those present atthe meeting. Most of the Japanesemembers wrote their names inkanji, of which I can recognizeonly four! However, I append alist of all names written in romanji:"Philamena Capocci, BurtonDessner, Robert Evans, LewisGleek, Christine Haycock, J. Kasai,H. Kodama, Robert MacHugh,Mabel Mangum, Kiyosho Otake,Frank Seydel, Ethan Seymour,Nobayoski Shibata, Charlotte andJames Steere, Merrill Stephan,Jacob Van Staaveren, and WilliamWoodard." 36Joseph A. Del Porto, AM, veteranjournalist and Associate Professor ofJournalism at Michigan State College,has been appointed Professor and Chairman of the Department of Journalism,School of Public Relations and Communications, at Boston University.Harriet D. Hudson, AM, PhD '50, reports that Florence Hudson Callaway,AM '35, is now living at 1947 Oak Street,South Pasadena, Calif. She and her husband, Jack, have four sons and onedaughter.Eleanor Hair Seely sends a family report with the news that she is living inBiltmore Forest, on the outskirts of Asheville, N.C, just 30 miles from her parents,the Tom Hairs, '03 and '04; and 100 milesfrom brother Sam Hair, '35, in CharlotteN. C. Husband Fred is in the hotel business (two at the moment) and real estate. Their son, Kent, is 14 months old.Eleanor is active in hospital work andthe golf association.Emil Hofer, MD, is engaged in generalpractice in Huron, S. D. He and his wifehave two children: Marily Kay, now 12;and Ronald Lee, who is 9.37Leonard N. Liebermann, SM '38, PhD'40, is Associate Professor of Physics atthe University of California's ScrippsInstitute of Oceanography. He has threechildren.Charles Francis Nims, PhD, OrientalInstitute research associate and assistantprofessor, spent most of May and Juneexcavating in Tolmeita (Libya), and taking color photographs of an undergroundtomb in Palmyra (Syria). Now in London, England, he expects to return tothe states by the summer of 1955.Cody Pfanstiehl writes from SilverSprings, Md., "Can't get away from education. Elected president of SilverSprings PTA for 1954-55. Our daughterCarla is in first grade, and our twins,Julia and Eliot, are due to follow in twoyears."Agatha Tosney of Dixon, 111., and Edward M. Tyne were married in February,1954, and are now living in Polo, 111.Mrs. Tyne has been on the staff of thePublic Service Company's industrial relations department since 1937.Floy Ring Hague, AM, is teachingFrench and English at Lackey HighSchool, Indian Head, Md., where herhusband teaches music.Floris Rottersmann Mills has a babyboy, Martin William, born on February21.Leslie Stauber, PhD, reports that hewas promoted to rank of Professor ofZoology, Rutgers University. The Stau-ber's children are Amy, 16, William, 11,and Nelson, 8.Scott Howell is the second son andthird child in the Edward Williams family. The Howell comes from the distaffside, for Scott's mother is Ruby HowellWilliams, MBA '38.Any Insurance Problems ?Phone or WriteJoseph H. Aaron, '27135 S. LaSalle Street • RA 6-1060Chicago 3, IllinoisPhones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINC. Co.Awnings and Canopies for All Purp oses4508 Cottage Grove AvenueSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 1 00 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoHyde Park Chevrolet5506 Lake Park AvenueComplete FacilitiesNew & Used Cars and TrucksCall DO 3-8600Satisfaction GuaranteedB-Z AUTOMOTIVECOMPLETE FRONT SYSTEM CHECK ANDESTIMATE: $1.50 (APPLIED TO REPAIRBILL). QUALITY BODY AND FENDERWORK AT REASONABLE RATES: FREEESTIMATE. LUBRICATION AND ROADSERVICE. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONSADIUSTED-REP AIRED.MOTOR TUNE-UP SPECIALAIR FILTER AND PLUGS CLEANED • TESTVOLUME AND PRESSURE IN FUEL PUMP •TEST COIL • SET TIMING AND CARBURETOR • COMPRESSION CHECK • POINTSAND CONDENSER INSTALLED • 6 CYLINDERS $5.50, MOST 8'S $6.50 PLUS PARTS.MOTOR AND CLUTCH OVERHAULINGBRAKES ADJUSTED AND RELINEDDO 3-0100 • 5547 HARPER AVE.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE38Charlotte G. Babcock, MD, was conferred a Doctor of Science Degree byMilton College, June 7, 1954.Wallace S. Baldinger, PhD, has beenappointed curator of the University ofOregon's Museum of Art which housesthe Murray Warner collection of orientalart. Dr. Baldinger spent a year in Kyoto,Japan, on sabbatical leave from theUniversity studying Japanese works. Inaddition to his new duties, he will continue to teach history and appreciationof art on a part-time basis.William P. Kent, AM '41, PhD '50,and wife, Helen Hirsch, '43, have fourchildren: Joyce Helen, born Jan. 11,1954, John, 8; Harry, 6, and Nancy, 2.39Philip A. Brooks, a New Yorker fromWhite Plains, sends us these vital statistics: married in 1949; two children,Dwight Jordan and Malcolm Philip; received PhD from Columbia University'sSchool of Business in 1953. He is nowworking for Socony Vacuum Oil Co.Allen Cabaniss, PhD, a history teacheron the faculty of the University of Mississippi for the past eight years, reports the publication by the Syracuse University Press of his latest book — AGOBARDOF LYONS: CHURCHMAN ANDCRITIC.Robert J. Clements, PhD, former Professor and Head of the Department ofRomance Languages at PennsylvaniaState College, has been appointed Professor of French and Italian at NewYork University's Washington SquareCollege of Arts and Science.A cordial, newsy note from HarrietNelson Johnson brings us up to dateon the Johnson family of Falls Church,Va. Husband John, JD '40, is generalcounsel for the Air Force. Highlight ofhis recent experiences was a WhiteHouse luncheon with the President, VicePresident, and the Libyan Prime Minister. John's second biggest responsibilityis the chairmanship of the school boardof Falls Church — a town which hastripled in size and problems. Harriet isa member of the Washington CathedralChoral Society in addition to supervisingthe activities and lives of four youngsters: Barbara, 10; Johnny, 7; Sue, 5;and Dickie, 2. Harriet was formerly amember of the Alumni House staff incharge of student promotion and development. A lawyer with wingsWilliam L. Rutherford, JD '37,veteran Peoria (111.) attorney, isusing his three years of war-timeflying experience to good advantage — legel cases requiring hispresence in Chicago — Washington— New York are handled promptlyby air.A Navy flying instructor at thebeginning of World War II, andlater a commercial pilot for theAir Transport Command with 4300hours to his credit, Rutherfordfinds using his four-place Navionplane a real time-saver."It only takes one hour to fly toChicago, versus a whole day lostin traveling by either train, bus,or car," he points out.In addition to using his plane forlegal work, he enjoys assistinglocal farmers by charting erosionspots photographically as he flieslow over their fields.But law is his primary interest.He has been practicing in Peoriasince 1937 and served from 1941-42as a consultant to the then Secretary of War, Henry L. Stimson.Have you seen Corabrite? It's H&D's newlighter-colored, smoother corrugated board, and it givesshipping boxes a bright new appearance.HINDE & DAUCH SANDUSKY, OHIOLEADERS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CORRUGATED BOXES FOR MORE THAN 50 YEARSDECEMBER, 1954 31One of a series of Christmasdrawings by Paul Broom,famous American artist.INDIVIDUAL AND DISTINCTIVE GIFTSFOR MEN, WOMEN AND BOYSthat are exclusive with Brooks BrothersAt no time is our merchandise more appreciated thanat Christmas, when gifts that are unusual and of goodtaste are so important to both giver and recipient.Our Famous Own Make Shirts, jrom $6Our Colorful Own Make Sfortwear, jrom $25Our Exclusive Peal & Co. heather Goods, jrom $11*Our Distinctive Own Make Neckwear, jrom $2.50Our Women's Shirts, jrom $7 • Sweaters, jrom $ 1 5Our Clothing and Furnishings jor Boys jrom 4 Years UpAlso men's exclusive imported sweaters, scarves, slippers... ourexclusive robes, hats, sport shirts... and other items.Christmas Catalogue upon RequestESTABLISHED 1818 "Including Federal Taxlien's furnishing, ff at* ^f b oes346 MADISON AVENUE, COR 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.Ill BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N. Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOft?QP9 J. Leonard Schermer, JD '41, hasjoined in partnership with Elmer Pricefor the general practice of law in St.Louis, Mo., under the firm name ofSchermer & Price. Offices will be in theRailway Exchange Building.Philip B. Schnering, executive vice-president, a director and chairman ofthe executive committee of the CurtissCandy Co., has been appointed to thecollege board of trustees of the NationalCollege of Education in Evanston, 111.Bernice Shafer Sanderson and RobertSanderson, PhD, report the birth of ason, Robert Thomas, Jr., on Dec. 9, 1953.Dr. Sanderson is Professor and Head ofthe Division of Inorganic Chemistry atthe State University of Iowa.John H. Smith, chairman of the Department of Statistics at the AmericanUniversity in Washington, D. C, hasjoined William Spurr and Lester Kellogg in writing a new statistics textbook entitled BUSINESS AND. ECONOMIC STATISTICS — publisher willbe Richard D. Irwin, Inc.5=j Arthur W. Watterson, MS '43,PhD '50, believes in taking his students in geography to the originalspots they are studying.As head of the Geography Department at Illinois State NormalUniversity, he has conducted numerous field trips through Canada,Mexico, and the U.S.In 1957 — the 100th anniversaryof the founding of I.S.N.U.— Dr.Watterson plans to mark the eventby taking 25 students on a 70-dayflight around the world. Thegroup expects to visit 20 countries,observing peoples and customs.In 1951 Dr. Watterson inaugurated I.S.N.U.'s first European fieldtrip, and has taken a group abroadeach year since (except this year.)Next year it will be South America, 1956, Europe again, and then— the grand tour.Geography field trips sponsoredby I.S.N.U. have been conductedannually each summer throughoutNorth America since 1929.40Bernice Anderson, SM, has been transferred from Veterans Hospital in Indianapolis to the Army Hospital at FortHarrison. She will serve as chief dietitian.Dayton F. Caple, who is now attending a nine-month course at the Army'sCommand and General Staff College atFort Leavenworth, Kan., has been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.Volney Faw, AM, PhD '48, Chairmanof the psychology department at Lewisand Clark College, has three children:Terry, 11; Penny, 6, and Rex Michael,8 months old.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELouise Freeman, PhD, is now Mrs.Francis Ciarkson. A geological consultant, she has her offices in the WilsonBuilding and her home at 6017 IdylwoodDr., Corpus Christi, Tex.Robert C. Jones has established inMexico a hostel and inter-America center for persons interested in serving andknowing the country better. He is technical consultant to the Mexico SocialSecurity Institute.Betty Lindberg Hix of Miami, Fla.,has a second little "dynamo" in her home— Sandra Sue, born on the Ides ofMarch. Her two-year-old sister is LindaLou.Ada Swineford, SM '42, received herdoctorate degree in mining from Pennsylvania State University, June 7, 1954.The Rev. E. J. Templeton, AM, of Ralston, N. J., received his doctorate oftheology degree from the PhiladelphiaDivinity School on May 27, 1954.41George H. Borts, AM, '49, PhD 53, amember of the Brown faculty, is workingas a research associate at the NationalBureau of Economic Research in NewYork City.Carl Christol, Jr., PhD, an associateprofessor in the Department of PoliticalScience at the University of SouthernCalifornia, has a son, Richard, sevenmonths old, and a daughter, Susan, twoyears old.Ruth A. Marzano, AM '48, and HenryLitvak, JD '48, were married Sept. 5,1953 in Bond Chapel.William S. Massey, SM '42, AssociateProfessor of Mathematics at Brown University, is on leave of absence for oneyear to teach at Princeton University.Hattie Lowe Pierce (Mrs. Roy) of Valparaiso, Ind., keeps more than busy withmany activities in the first ChristianChurch and the League of WomenVoters.Cmdr. Blake S. Talbot, MD, writes fromBethesda, Md., "In July, 1954, I finisheda residency in urology. We have enjoyedthe Navy and especially the Naval Medical Center where I have been training."Robert (MBA '41) and Eileen Zoladhave two girls and a boy now. On July19, 1954, Mary Beth joined sister Laureland brother Jimmy. Mr. Zolad is a department manager on the central controller's staff of the Ford Motor Co. inDearborn.42Donald C. Bergus has returned from atour of duty at the American Embassyin Beirut to become officer in charge ofPalestine-Israel-Jordan Affairs for theState Department. He has two children.Ruth Berman Ray man, AM '46, reports the birth of her first child, JacobSamuel, on December 10. Ruth lives inSeattle, Wash., where her husband isa physician. Vernon K. S. Jim, MD '44, has completed a term as instructor in the University Clinics and is now continuinghis training in plastic surgery at MayoClinic.Capt. Jack A. Davis, AM, has beenassigned as chief of the psychiatric SocialWork Section of Brooke Army Hospitaland also as chief of the same section atthe medical center's Field Service School.Capt. Davis, a resident of San Antonio,Tex., has a seven year-old daughter,Deborah.Earl W. Hartman has been named business manager of Adelphi College in Garden City, N. Y. Mr. Hartman served asan administrative officer at the University of Chicago for seventeen years. Hewas assistant to the comptroller andlecturer in the field of business at theUniversity's evening school. He has fourchildren.Bernice Levenfeld Yeracaris writesfrom Buffalo, N. Y., that her husband,Constantine, AM '50, is an assistant professor of sociology at the University ofBuffalo, where he has been teachingsince 1949. They have a son, George, whocelebrated his first birthday on October 1.Marcia Merrifield Schenck is a resident of Tucson, where she keeps busywith her two boys, ages seven and three,and with the Tucson Civic Chorus. Herhusband is a high school teacher.Dr. Henry E. McWhorter, MD '44, whoreceived his master's in plastic surgeryfrom the University of Minnesota inJune, and his wife, Jeanne, will celebrate their ninth wedding anniversaryDec. 29, 1954.Norman Rudy, MBA '47, PhD '52, anassistant professor of statistics at Sacramento State College, says his wife Phyllis, '43, has "given up bacteriology nowthat our two daughters, ages 11 and 8,are no longer in need of close attention," and has turned to elementaryschool teaching.43Ancil L. Grabham and wife Peggy Lou,now have two children: Sharon Kay, 2;and Mark LeRoy, 1. Mr. Graham isemployed by the U. S. Weather Bureauat Colorado Springs, Colo.Bette Katz Blair is finding more timefor civic activities now that her threechildren — nine, seven, and four — areno longer babies. She is serving as president of a small baby park in Chicago;health chairman of the local school PTA,and secretary-treasurer of a Girl Scoutgroup in her neighborhood.Anthony Pizzo, MD '45, writes fromBloomington, Ind., that "all's well" withthe Pizzo family, which includes the doctor, his wife (whom he stole from theUniversity when she was a freshman),and their four children: Angelo John, 6;Christopher, 5; Sarah, 2; and Julie, 1.Charles Folio, AM, is still working assupervisor, Upper Peninsula Area, University of Michigan Extension Service.He served last year as president of theMichigan Historical Society. Charlotte Allen (Mrs. George Mc-Geoch) sends a resume of her recentpast: "During World War II I was alink trainer and celestial navigation instructor in the Marine Corps; but I camehome and subsequently became a successful farmer's wife. We have two sons,Richard and Robert."Richard Peterson, who recently completed a second two-year stretch in theNavy, is now back with the DuPont Company, assigned to the Electrochemicalsplant in Niagara Falls. The Petersonshave two children: a three-year-old girland a year- old boy.Hans A. Schmitt, PhD '53, is an assistant professor of history at the University of Oklahoma "having the timeof his life."Ida Van Nest (Mrs. W. A.) writes fromNew Smyrna Beach, Fla., that her daughter, Donna Jean, is a freshman in theCollege this year.Lt. (JG) Louis Selby and his wife havea son, Robert Louis, born March 13.Louis is stationed at Great Lakes.44Charles Feldstein, AM, who resignedhis position with our Development Office a year ago to organize his ownfund-raising organization in the Loop,announces a new member of the Feldstein family: Frances Emily, on September 25.AJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, LA 2-8354LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERL'ARGENTdas Geld, spondulics, no matter what youcall it, it's still money and you make it goas far as possible when you buy Springer& Dashnau vitamins. Our excellent quality20 element formula contains ALL vitaminsand minerals known to be needed plus sixothers, yet costs only $3.15 a hundred.Unbelievable? This price is made possiblethrough buying direct and the low overheadresulting from selling our vitamins by mailorder only. Write today for free information:SPRINGER & DASHNAU(AB '52 & AM '53)3125 Miller St. Phila. 34, Pa.DECEMBER, 1954 33T. A. MjjNMjBT CO SidewalksFactory FloorsMachineFoundationsConcrete BreakingNOrmal 7-0433TheHOTEL SHERRY53rd and the Lake— FAirfax 4-1000BANQUETS — DANCESOur Specialtyalumni are alwayswelcome at theHotel Del PradoFifty-Third Street andHyde Park BoulevardHYde Park 3-9600MIRA-MAR HOTEL350 Rooms— BathCoffee Shop, Valet, etc.Lovely Accommodationsfrom $4 to $66220 Woodlawn Avenue"Just three blocks from campus"PLaza 2-1100HAROLD BISHOP, Manager™ JL^s\\\^Ss^\\\\\\^Sss\\\mmm^m IH ]TJasi Q aE ® ® ® ^f rvi b R T 6 N s !|H|SS5M|iP ihpI5487 LAKE PARK AVE.CHICAGO. ILLINOIS£/<?r Jveservaliolzs Call:BUtterfield 8-4960 Carolyn Stieber and Ernest Borinski,AM '46, were conferred higher degreesby the University of Pittsburgh on June9, 1954. Carolyn received a masters inpolitical science, and Mr. Borinski, a doctorate in sociology.Martha Wagbo of Midland, Mich., attended the University of Oslo this summer.Carla Zingarelli Rosenlicht and herhusband are in Rome this year wherehe is studying on a Fulbright researchgrant. He has also received a Guggenheim but has deferred that for twoyears. The couple will be back atNorthwestern next year.Douglas Graham Eadie, AM, receiveda Doctorate of Philosophy degree in Religion from the University of SouthernCalifornia, June 12, 1954.45Ilillier Locke Baker, Jr., MD '46, wasconferred a master of science degree inradiology from the University of Minnesota, June 12, 1954.Dr. Gerald Hill, MD '47, now a resident of Detroit, expects to be calledinto service for a two-year tour of dutywithin the next few months. He is presently practicing psychiatry and workingas a student in the Psychoanalytic Institute.Isabelle Kohn, AM '48, is now associated with Doubleday Doran & Co., inNew York City, as an editorial assistant.Previously she had been a researcherfor TIME, Inc., for six years.Dr. Harry G. Kroll, MD '50, stationedat Ford Ord for the past thirteen monthsdoing orthopedic surgery, expects to bereleased from the Army early next year.He will then return to the Mayo Clinicto complete a fellowship in his specialized field. Lt. and Mrs. Kroll have twochildren: Linda, two, and David, one.Martin Kruskal, of Princeton, N. J.,reports the birth of a third child, Philip,born last May 25.Hazel E. Wiese, AM, has completedten years of service as Dean of Womenat Yankton College in South Dakota.46John Ellis Gill, MD '49, and wife, GaleScribner, '48, are living in Philadelpiha,where John is in eye clinic residency atthe Naval Hospital. They have threechildren: Susan, Marilyn, and John.John W. Griffin, AM, is executive historian of the St. Augustine HistoricalSociety in St. Augustine, Fla. His wife isPatricia Conaway, AM '45.Sarah Jaffe Marsten is having plentyof fun and exercise these days, chasingher 22 month-old "tornado" namedMichael Frederick.Marjory Mather Greene, has two girlsand a boy to look after now. KatherineJane joined the family on May 2, 1954.Her sister Judy is five, and brother Gordon, four. 33-Jerry Jontry, former Chicagoyell king and busy man aroundcampus, has been named advertising manager for Esquire Maga-EsquireJerry will transfer to New Yorkfrom Los Angeles, where he hasserved Esquire as a branch officemanager and West Coast advertising representative. Prior to servingwith the Navy from 1942-45, Jerrywas national advertising managerof the Nixon newspapers, an Indiana chain, and general managerof the Wabash, Ind., Plain Dealer.While on campus, Jerry was amember of Owl & Serpent, thetrack team, and a columnist forthe Daily Maroon.For the last several years he hasbeen active in alumni work inBurbank, Calif.Alfred Schwartz, AM, PhD '49, anassociate professor in the Department ofEducation at Drake University, expectsto see two of his works published earlynext year. He has written two text bookson educational administration and evaluation. In addition to his duties at Drake,Dr. Schwartz is doing a great deal ofwork for the State Department of PublicInstruction.Charles H. Swift has been on activeduty as a chaplain with the U. S. Navysince September, 1950. He is presentlystationed at the U. S. Naval Air Station,Miramar, San Diego, Calif.34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE47Jim Barnett, formerly of the Maroonand later the Hyde Park Herald, droppedin at Alumni House. His card reads:James E. Barnett, 860 Fifth Avenue,where he has bought and furnished apleasant apartment. Jim is really goingplaces managing wrestlers. He books hismen monthly into Madison Square Garden, the Chicago Amphitheatre and inother cities through Omaha to the coast.His firm: International Wrestling Agency.David S. Broder, AM '51, general assignment reporter on the 100 year-oldBloomington, 111., daily — The Daily Pan-tagraph — and wife, the former AnnCollar, expect their first baby this fall.Hanan Costeff is in third year residency (Pediatrics) at Mt. Sinai Hospital,New York. He reports that he and hiswife, Mona, were married in 1951.Richard Forstall continues in his position as statistics editor for Rand Mc-Nally & Co., in Skokie. His associate isAbba Salzman, '44.Ralph V. Korp, AM '50, assistant U. S.Treasury attache stationed at the American Embassy in Manila, was transferredto Italy where he is doubling as DeputyChief, Finance Division, of the F.O.A.mission in Rome.When last heard from, Herbert Lei-man was stationed at Fort Jackson, S. C,on active duty with the Army. He hasrecently been admitted to the practiceof law in the New York State courts.Dr. Lawrence P. Maillis, SB '50, MD'52, is on a two-year tour of duty withthe U.S. Air Force.Kenneth Nagler, SM, is a meteorologist with the U.S. Weather Bureau inWashington, D.C. The Naglers have threedaughters, ages one, three and five.Douglas Stewert, Jr., and his wife,Bobbie, received their master's degreefrom the University of Denver last August. This year the couple expected to beteaching first and third grades, respectively, in Los Alamos, N.M.Frank Trovillion, MBA '49, is employedby the Florida Citrus Mutual, a citrusgrowers' cooperative with some 7,000members. "I cordially invite friends tolook me up in Florida if they are goingthrough Lakeland."Paul P. Van Riper, PhD '47, is nowAssociate Professor of Administrationand Secretary to the Faculty for theSchool of Business and Public Administration, at Cornell University.Flora Bramson, AM, will celebrate herseventh year on the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh this fall. Sheteaches composition and literature.Betty Anne Colwell, daughter of Chicago's last University president, Dr.Ernest C. Colwell, and Edward LeroyAskren III of Atlanta were marriedAugust 22.lean Ann Distler and Shapoor T*aftomarked their first wedding anniversarylast August. Mrs. Tafto is working asan instructor at Columbia School ofGeneral Studies. Dr. Robert M. Edwald, SB '48, MD '53,who took his internship at Blodgett Hospital in Grand Rapids, Mich., is now inresidency training in psychiatry at theNorthville State Hospital, Michigan. Hiswife, Mary Jane Phillips, SM '49, is"busy having babies." They have twochildren and a third expected soon.Austin Ely of Morristown, N.J., writesthat since graduation he has earned abachelor's degree in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan;married a Northwestern girl, JuneLaughlin in 1952; and had a daughter,Linda, now 10 months old. He is employed by the Bell Telephone Laboratory.Rabbi David Greenberg is serving asa chaplain with the U.S. Navy and is iheadquartered in San Francisco. He reports his marriage on July 15, 1951, toMarilyn Kosofsky.Earl Isbell, DB, and Judith Marie HeldIsbell, '46, announce the birth of theirfirst daughter and third child — JeanneMarie, now a little over a year old.Her two brothers are, Rand, 4V2, andDann, 3.Jonathan S. King, Jr., received hisdoctorate in chemistry last March fromthe University of Tennessee. He is nowon the research staff of the S.E. Massen-gill Co. in Bristol.Richard S. Krohn, MBA '50, who wasseparated from the Army in November1953 after 33 months of service (including six months in Korea), is now a merchandising executive at Carson, PirieScott & Co., Chicago.Dr. Christine Haycock, '48, havingcompleted two years of service with theU. S. Army Medical Corps (one yearof duty in Japan), has begun surgicalresidency at St. Barnabas Hospital inNewark, N. J.John S. Roscoe, SM '51, of Kenmore,N. Y., is working on his doctorate inchemistry at St. Louis University.Dr. Harold A. Mason, MD '50, a staffmember of The Foreign MissionarySociety of The Brethren Church, is nowserving that organization at Oubangui-Chari in French Equatorial Africa.Leon F. Strauss is busily teachingChicagoans how to prevent themselvesfrom getting "stuck." As a sideline tobeing a stockbroker, he has become afencing master at the Harand FencingClub.Hal S. Streitfeld, PhD '52, and Virginia Volcker, AM '48, have just boughta house in Canton, O., where they hope"at last to be settled." Dr. Streitfeldis chief psychologist and assistant director of a local guidance center. Theyhave two daughters: Vicky, 2, and Susan,11 months.Carol Walden McDonald, AM, and herhusband, Lewis, had their fourth childand second girl June 9, 1954. Childrenare: Jimmy, 6; Paul, 4; Sally, l1/^, andPeggy Sue.Bernard A. Weisberger, AM, PhD '50,has been appointed an Assistant Professor of History at Wayne University in Collar, expected their first baby this fall.dren: Jonathan David, 2, and Lise Sara,7 months old.48Clarence R. Anderson, MBA '50, ofNorth Kansas City, Mo., and Marie Ka-pranos were married in Chicago onApril 3, 1954.John P. Armstrong, AM, PhD '53, received an appointment for 1954-55 asVisiting Associate Professor of PoliticalScience at Bowdoin College. He is amember of the Department of Historyand Political Science at Baldwin-Wallace College in Berea, Ohio.UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1354 East 55fh StreetMemberFederal Deposit InsuranceCorporationBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380BOYDSTON AMBULANCE SERVICEAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicagophone NOrmal 7-2468NEW ADDRESS-1708 E. 71ST ST.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186DECEMBER, 1954Irving S. Bengelsdorf, AM, PhD '51,formerly a faculty member at the University of California at Los Angeles, hasjoined the staff of the General ElectricResearch Laboratory as a research associate in the chemistry research department. Dr. Bengelsdorf, his wife, andthree year- old daughter, have established residence at Sheridan Village inSchenectady, N.Y.Julia Boyd of New Haven, Conn., isnow at Yale working on her master'sdegree in nursing. After leaving Chicagoshe attended the University of Californiawhere she received an AB in SlavicLanguages and Literature (Russian).Charles Carroll graduated from Northwestern University's Medical School lastJune and is now doing his internship atCook County Hospital.HYLAN A. NOLANCONTRACTORPLASTERINGREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. LAKE PARK AVE.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEBEST BOILER REPAIR& WELDING CO.24 HOUR SERVICELicensed • Bonded • InsuredQualified WeldersSubmerged Water HeatersHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Furniture RepairingUpho/sfering • RefinishingAntiques Restored1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • LI 9-7180Wasson -PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: Butterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson Does Laurence Dean Bark of Chanute, Kan.,received his doctorate in farm crops atRutgers, June 9, 1954.Catharine M. Conradi, AM, reports thedeath of her mother in March, 1954. Shehas been training elementary teachersat Brenan College for the past two yearsafter having served on the faculty atPiedmont College from 1950 to 1952.Jean Emmons, MBA, of Columbus,Ohio, has a son, Keith Allen, born lastFebruary 14.Raymond J. Foley is editor of NationalCandy Wholesaler. His home is in Arlington, Va.Arthur Oris Garder, Jr., Shreveport,La., was conferred a doctor of philosophy degree by Washington University,June 9, 1954.Lawrence Levine, AM '51, and his wife(Vassar alumna who did graduate workat Chicago) dropped in at Alumni Housein late summer on a vacation fromRochester, New York, where Lawrence issenior city planner. Of course, he wasinterested in the re-development plansof the Hyde Park area under the SouthEast Chicago Commission as reported inthe October issue of the MAGAZINE.Howard Myers is now a member ofthe technical staff of the Guided MissileDivision, Hughes Research and Development Laboratory in Culver City, Calif.James Oates, MBA '50, is starting his5th year with the Container Corporationof America. He is assistant controller.Bruce LeGrande, MBA, writes of thebirth of his fourth child, Joel Bruce, onApril 14th. Other members of Bruce andMary Evelyn's family are: Renee, 5, Pauland Gay (twins), 2%.Allen H. Dropkin, JD '51, is the newestappointee on Illinois State Attorney JohnGutknecht's legal staff.H. William Hey was married on March27 to Carol Stewig of Kankakee, 111. Heis in his fifth year as editor of anemployee magazine for the Fred HarveySystem.Margaret Holden is working in thelegislative reference bureau at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu as a research librarian.Nancy Portis, AM, and Leonard Lieb-schutz now have two children: a son,Jack, 1, and a daughter, Ann, 4.Nathan M. Lubow was recently released from service and is now livingin New York City.Robert McDonald Mitchell, MBA, isan assistant foreign exchange trader forthe Royal Bank of Canada in Montreal,Quebec.John K. Robinson of Joliet, 111., is arepresentative of the Building ServiceEmployees International Union (AFL).Dr. Jarvis E. Seegmiller, MD, is nowdoing research work for the NationalInstitutes of Health in Bethesda, Md.Capt. Alexander Ulreich, Jr., MBA,U. S. Air Force officer based at Wiesbaden, Germany, writes that he wasmarried in that famous city on April 10to Lois Bucknell.Richard A. Weil, MBA '49, manufacturer of service station equipment, and Gertrude Lentzer are celebrating their8th wedding anniversary this fall.Evalyn Granquist Fraser is executivesecretary of the Chicago Public SchoolArt Society.Thurman M. Shanks, MBA, and Na-dine Brockett will celebrate their 21stwedding anniversary December 8th, 1954.He is manager of the Kresge store inSioux City, la.Melvene Draheim Hardee, PhD, coordinator of counseling and guidance atFlorida State University, served as director of the summer work conferenceof the Southern College Personnel Association, the Southern Regional Education Board, and the Hazen Foundationheld at Mars Hill College, North Carolina.Theodore Rail, PhD '52, planned tojoin the staff of the Department ofPharmacology, at Western ReserveSchool of Medicine this fall.Marvin David Wolfberg, MBA, is chiefaccountant for the Mercury RecordCorp., Chicago.49Wilfred E. Barnes, SM '50, an instructor in the math department at Washington State College, received his doctoratein June from the University of BritishColumbia.Mort Grant, MBA, marks his sixthwedding anniversary in December. Heis director of the Research Foundationat the University of New York.Jan Koch-Weser of Brazil, a seniorstudent at Harvard Medical School, received the Dean's Award May 29, 1954,for "outstanding accomplishment in theMedical School."John P. Kurtock, Jr., JD, reports twohappy events last summer. On August26 a second child, Debra Jean, was born,and on September 6 he received wordof his promotion to superintendent ofclaims for the State Farm Mutual Insurance Companies, Bloomington, 111. Hisolder daughter, Julie Ann, is now two.William L. Lieber, secretary of theIndianapolis Commission on Foreign Relations, helped to raise $12,000,000 foradditional hospital space during a recentindustrial city-wide drive.William H. Ludlow, AM, former consultant to the Puerto Rican PlanningBoard, is now serving on the staff of thePennsylvania Economy League, Inc., asplanning specialist. Offices are in Philadelphia.Allen and Jeanne Grawoig Pinkert ofChicago have a son, Carl Allen, bornFebruary 18, 1954.Stanley A. Zahler, SM, PhD '52, andhis wife Eleanor Haugness, a student atthe University from 1950-52, have movedto Seattle, Wash. Stanley has accepteda position as instructor at the Universityof Washington. He will work in thedepartment of microbiology of the University's School of Medicine. He formerly served for 18 months as a U. S. Public Health Service postdoctorate fellowat the University of Illinois.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA New England Mutual agent ANSWERS SOME QUESTIONS aboutsales trainingin life insuranceMORE THAN 900 New England Mutual agents likeGeorge Graves (Georgetown '49) are college alumni.They come from all over the country. George is only 29years old, but already he's won membership in ourLeaders' Association. He says his success in selling lifeinsurance is a direct result of New England Mutual'scomprehensive course of sales training.The NEW ENGLANDMUTUAL Life InsuranceCompany of Boston Suppose I join New England Mutual as a field representative. How would they start training me?"First, you'd get basic training in your own agency — boththeory and field work. Then, after a few months of sellingunder expert guidance, comes a comprehensive Home Office course in Boston."How soon can I expect this training to pay off?"I'll give you an example of five new men at one of oureastern agencies. Young fellows, 24 to 31 years old. Onlyone had any previous experience in life insurance. By theend of the first year their incomes ranged from $3532 to$5645. With renewal commissions, first year earningswould be from $5824 to $9702. The average: $7409."Can a man continue his study of life insurance afterthose first two courses?"He most certainly can. The company will next instructyou in the use of its 'Coordinated Estates' programmingservice. Then you go on to 'Advanced Underwriting',which relates insurance to business uses, estate planningand taxation problems. Actually, all through your careeras a New England Mutual agent, you'll be kept posted onthe latest economic and business developments which havea bearing on life insurance."What kind of a career can a salesman look forward towith your company?"Let me cite another example. Out of twelve men who tookone of our Home Office courses in 1947, five are now NewEngland Mutual General Agents. One man has become ahome office executive. The other six are earning comparable incomes in their own communities where they havebuilt successful careers in personal selling."THE COMPANY THAT FOUNDED MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE IN AMERICA -183S Mail this coupon — and without obligationyou'll get a FREE booklet in which 17 ofour agents tell in their own words why theychose a life insurance career withNew England Mutual.Box 333-A2, Boston 17, Mass.Name. .Address .City . Zone .... State .DECEMBER, 1954 37Golden Dirilyte(formerly Dirigold)FLATWARE & HOLLOW WAREComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, III.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkSince 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best In placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.ZJheCxcluiive Cleaner iWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608 Grant G. Guthrie, JD, married KittyVance Wilson on June 5.Robert Morton, JD '53, has opened alaw office in Chicago with a fellow attorney.Leonard Pearson, AM, chief clinicalpsychologist at a psychiatric treatmentcenter in South Korea for 16 months, isnow stationed at Letterman Army Hospital at the Presidio of San Francisco.Irvin D. Steinman, SM, is a memberof the faculty at the New York University's Dental College and is a candidatefor a doctorate in bacteriology.Willian H. Wainwright, MD, has beenon the psychiatric staff at the Payne-Whitney Clinic, New York Hospital,since his return from Korea and discharge from the Air Force in 1953.John Maurice Waltersdorf, MBA, reports a new addition to his family: JohnGait, born May 3, 1954.Donald L. Winks and wife Pat arefast learning how busy two people canget. They have two children now — thelatest, Christopher, born last December,who keep them both on the move. He isstill doing public relations work in thepharmaceutical field.50Opal M. Boston, AM, consultant inschool social work for the IndianapolisPublic Schools, attended a national conference on standards for training schoolpsychologists last August at West Point,N.Y. She is president of the NationalAssociation of School Social Workers andteaches at Indiana University GraduateSchool.Lewis P. Lipsitt, who recently completed a tour of duty at the LacklandAir Force Base Hospital as a clinicalpsychologist, is now completing workon his doctorate in psychology at theUniversity of Iowa.Alice Meyer, AM '53, an assistant instructor in English at the University ofKansas, and Charles E. Link, also aninstructor at Kansas, were married lastJune.Nancy J. Sittig, AM, began work lastsummer on a doctorate in experimentalchild psychology at the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station-. In order to dothis she had to quit her full time job asclinical instructor in pediatric nursing.Walter Chizinsky of New York writes:"I miss Chicago and the University —especially being a part of the Universitycommunity. I am working for my PhDin biology at New York University andthe American Museum of Natural History (Department of Animal Behavior).Was married in June, 1953, and expecta baby soon."Dick Waller, JD, is associated with thelaw firm of Orrick, Dahlquist, Herring-ton & Sutcliffe, in San Francisco.Henry A. Turner, PhD, Assistant Professor of Political Science at Santa Barbara College, has edited a new book entitled POLITICS IN THE UNITEDSTATES which is due to be publishedin January by » the McGraw-Hill BookCo. Herman J. Baumgartner, SM, hasjoined the Shell Development Company'sEmeryville, Calif., Research Center asa chemist in the physical chemistrydepartment.Gregory Votaw, AM, is serving asexecutive secretary of Korea ChurchWorld Service, with headquarters inPusan. The KCWS program in Koreaemphasizes self-help projects for warwidows, medical aid (especially for amputees and TB sufferers), child care andthe distribution of material aids.Ralph Schwartz, SM '52, has been aninstructor in mathematics at Ripon College since 1952. He represented the University of Chicago at the presidential inauguration at Lawrence College.Natalie G. Diamond sailed for Europelast August with a two-year assignmentby the Department of the Army forduty in Germany and France as a recreation leader.James Castle Mead, SB '53, and SharonCynthia Herman, a third-year medicalstudent at Chicago, were married March27 in Brooklyn, New York. Mr. Meadis the grandson of the late ProfessorJames Hayden Tufts, one-time actingpresident of the University of Chicago,and of the late Professor George HerbertMead, who was chairman of the department of philosophy at Chicago.Eleanor Plain, AM, head librarian ofthe Aurora (Illinois) Library, and amember of the American Library Association since 1939, has been nominatedby its members to serve on the organization's Council from 1954 to 1958.George F. Sawyer III, MBA, is nowliving in Montgomery, Ala., where he isemployed as an examination technicianfor the State Personnel Dept.Sanford M. Siegel, SM, PhD '53, having completed a year's post-doctoralfellowship in biology at Cal Tech, hastaken his family to Tampa, Fla. He andfellow alumni Roland, '49, and DianeDarrow Grybek, '50, have establishedtheir own business — the Florida MarineChemical Industries. The Siegel's havethree children: Bobbie, Steffie and Andrea.Irwin D. Rinder, AM, PhD '53, sociology teacher at Wisconsin State Collegenow has four daughters: Lenore, 4'/2;Tamara, 3; Deborah and Rose, 16-month-old twins.Alice White, AM, is administrative assistant to the president of the UnitedPackinghouse Workers of America(CIO), Chicago. In the evenings, MissWhite attends Loyola University whereshe is studying law.Kenneth Harry Wilmarth, SM, is aresearch chemist for the Aerojet-General Corp., at Azusa, Calif.Cpl. George I. Wilson, an administrative supervisor in the 44th Infantry Division's Army headquarters at FortLewis, Wash., participated last summerin Exercise Hill Top — the largest jointArmy -Air maneuver ever staged in thePacific Northwest.38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECpl. Arthur I. Dordek, stationed inHawaii, and his wife, Berger, have anew son, David.Murray Fisher, AM, and Phyllis Rudolph, a senior at Antioch College, weremarried July 11. Mr. Fisher is workingon his doctorate in clinical psychologyat Teacher's College, Columbia University.David K. Hardin, MBA, was recentlynamed director of Market Facts, Inc.,Chicago. He is married to Diane Daviesof Northfield, 111.51James Bray, AM, Assistant Professorof Agricultural Economics at KansasState College, is at Oxford Universitythis year on a faculty fellowship fromthe Fund for the Advancement of Education.Ralph B. Fearing, SM '43, who received his doctorate from Iowa StateCollege in 1951, is now an assistant professor of organic chemistry at Utica College, Syracuse University.Matthew B. Krasner is now attendingHarvard Law School.Claus Manasse, MBA, has been working for the past two years for the industrial products division of Johns-Manville at Manville, N.J.Robert Pollack was graduated lastJune from the Harvard Law School.Barbara Weiss, AM, reports her marriage in April, 1952, to Dr. Irvin H.Blumfield. They are now living in Alton,111., following fifteen months of Armyduty on the Northern Japanese island ofHokkaido. While in Japan, Dr. Blum-field was in charge of delivering all thebabies on the island and Barbara tookcharge of the Army's kindergartenclasses.Dwight Cramer, AM, is serving withthe Office of Dependent Area Affairs,Bureau of United Nations Affairs, Department of State, as a foreign affairsofficer.Causey E. Gram, Jr., MBA, is on thestaff of the exploration department ofthe Shell Oil Co. in New Orleans.Lt. Warren R. Halperin, a MarineCorps officer stationed at Pensacola, Fla.,is now training to become a militaryaviator.DECEMBER, 1954 52Heinz A. Bunze, MBA, is foreman ofthe Corn Products Refining Co. A resident of Pekin, 111., he has been withthe company two years. He has a daughter, Sybil, li/2.Arthur Retzloff, MBA, is personnelmanager for Darling & Co., in Chicago.Pfc. George N. Simpson, Jr., writesfrom Heidelberg, Germany, that he expects to be released from active dutywith the U.S. Army in February. Heis attached to the Comptrollers office.Dorothy Forbis Behen, PhD, and DavidBehen, '32, PhD '53, report the birth ofa son, John David, April 12, 1954.Dr. Kenneth Hayes, MD, and JanetGray, AM '50, now have two children:Linda, born April 2, 1952, and John, borna year later on August 29th.William Josephson of South Orange,N. J., received his law degree fromColumbia Law School in June. He waseditor of the Columbia Law Review during his student days, and served asspecial counsel for the American CivilLiberties Union. He is now associatedwith the New York law firm of Paul,Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison.Jacquelyn Larks and Paul R. Kuhn,a graduate of the same year who received his bachelor of science degree in1954, have recently become engaged.They plan to be married this winter atGraham Taylor Chapel.Madrigale Maconaghie McKeever, PhD,has given nearly a dozen major talksthis summer to PTA's, service organizations and churches, on a wide variety ofsubjects dealing with the normal humandevelopment of man.Robert W. Snow, MBA, has beentransferred from Chicago to Cincinnatias plant engineer for Proctor & GambleMfg. Co.53Clement and Florence Nordstrom Wal-bert, AM, have a baby daughter, SarahAnne, born last May 5.Melvin Monson, MBA, is assistant manager of the Milwaukee steel service plantof the Joseph T. Ryerson & Son Co., Inc.Mr. Monson joined the Ryerson company in 1934 and has progressed throughthe service and work order departmentsin the firm's plants at Detroit, Bostonand Chicago.Eugene "Gene" Terry is now a firstyear student at the University's LawSchool.Eleanor J. Tomlinson, AM, and JosephFletcher Littell of Ardmore, Pa., weremarried June 19th in Ardmore. Thecouple are on the editorial staff of theWorld Book Co.Jean Goins Walter, Jr., PhD, had herthird child and second boy on May 2nd.She is also managing to serve as readingsupervisor for nine suburban schools.Her husband, who has been confined dueto a severe attack of polio, is now making an excellent recovery. POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicaqo 10. IllinoisWHITELY ESTATESCORPORATION•WE PURCHASEHEIRSHIPS ORPARTIAL INTERESTSIN REAL ESTATE•134 N. LA SALLE STREETCHICAGO, ILLINOISDEarborn 2-4420Sun LifeAssuranceCompanyof Canada1 North La Salle St.Chicago 2, IllinoisRALPH J. WOOD, Jr., '48FR 2-2390 • GA 2-5273For DependableInsurance CounselingBusiness InsuranceEstate PlanningLife InsuranceAnnuities39Double entryW. Gale High, MBA '52, learneddouble entry at the School ofBusiness while practicing it as apart-time bookkeeper for theAlumni Association. On graduating he accepted a position at theFirst National Bank of Chicago.Now we get a double entry notice:"We've doubled all our happiness,and all our safety pins . . . : two,,boys, Timothy Ray and ThomasJay, 7 pounds, 12 ounces each,arrived on September 14."Me>moria iErnest Green Dodge, AM '95, died athis summer home, Braddock Heights,Maryland, on August 27, 1954.Grace Freeman, '96, of Aurora, Illinois, died last spring. The exact datewas not furnished the Alumni Office.Walter K. Smart, '02, PhD '11, diedon October 1, 1954, in Evanston, 111. Hewas Professor Emeritus of English,Northwestern University. Mr. Smart wasa member of the University's 1903 and1904 baseball teams.Ralph C. Brown, '01, Rush MD '04, diedAugust 31, 1954, in Boston, after an illness of several months. A specialist ininternal medicine, Dr. Brown practicedin Chicago for fifty years. He was aconsultant at Presbyterian Hospital, aProfessor of Medicine at Rush and Professor Emeritus at the University of Illi-(icliimn in iifcri icai modvcts\lewwd,ELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.Oltliltititi. Minimums ait iiilirt IIELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. • ENglewood 4-7500MODEL CAMERA SHOPLeica-Exacta-Bolex-Rollei-Stereo1329 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259"Neighborhood Servicewith Downtown Selection"furniturelamps— fibre rugswrought iron accessoriestelevision— radiosphonos— appliancessporting goodsGuaranteed Repairs otTV-Radio — Record Changersand electrical appliancesWE RENT TELEVISION SETS935 E. 55th St. Ml 3-6700Julian A. Tishler '33 Andrew Lynn Clinkinbeard, '04, diedMarch 14, 1954, at the age of 76. He hadserved in the Christian ministry forfifty years.George Harrison Shull, PhD '04, thedeveloper of hybrid corn, died September 28, 1954, at the age of 80. He wasProfessor Emeritus of Botany and Genetics at Princeton University.Helen Cowen Gunsaulus, '08, formerassistant curator of Oriental Art at theArt Institute of Chicago, died August 1,1954, at her home in South Yarmouth,Mass. Since her retirement in 1943, shehad been honorary curator of the ArtInstitute's Buckingham collection of Japanese prints. She was a daughter ofthe late Frank W. Gunsaulus, Congregational minister and civic leader whohelped found Armour Institute (nowIllinois Institute of Technology). BothMiss Gunsaulus and her father wereloyal supporters and donors of the University.Elizabeth Franklin Poole (Mrs.Charles), '10, died in May of 1954. Theexact date was not supplied the AlumniOffice.Dwight T. Ewing, '15, PhD '20, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at Michigan State College and an internationalauthority on electroplating and electro-deposition, died August 5, 1954. DuringWorld War II he worked on the Manhattan project.Harry S. Gorgas, '15, senior partnerof Gorgas, Thomas & Co., a New Yorkmortgage investments concern, died athis home September 23 after a long illness. He served as vice-president of theGuaranteed Mortgage Company of NewYork before resigning to form Gorgas,Thomas & Co., in 1932.George M. Morris, JD '15, widelyknown attorney and past president ofthe American Bar Association, died August 20, one day after he had receivedthe A.BA.'s medal for "conspicuous andunselfish" service as an attorney. Hewas president of the A.B.A. in 1942-43,and during the past year had served aschairman of the committee which raisedmoney for the new Bar Association center on the Midway. He was senior member of the law firm of Morris, Pearce,Gardner and Pratt. A former presidentof the International Bar Association, Mr.Morris had recently completed a triparound the world in the interests of thegroup.Olav H. Walby, '16, editor, pastor, andNorwegian Consulate secretary, diedMarch 12 at his home in Winnipeg, Canada. He had been editor of Norge-Canada, a monthly magazine, for 19years. LOWER YOUR COSTSIMPROVED METHODSEMPLOYEE TRAININGWAGE INCENTIVESJOB EVALUATIONPERSONNEL PROCEDURESRAND McNALLY & COMPANYConlcey DivisionBook and CatalogPrinters and BindersCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEW YORKRESULTS . . .depend on getting the detail* RIGHTPRINTINGI mprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Adressographing -FoldingMailing - Copy Preparation - MultilithA Complete Service for Direct Advertiser*Chicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn - Chicago 5 - WA 2-4561PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYfine Color Work a SpecialtyQuality Book Reproduction731 Plymouth CourtW Abash 2-8182Webb-Linn Printing Co,Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising Literature?Printers of the Universityof Chicago Magazine?. L. Weber, J.D. '09 L. S. Berlin, B.A. '09A. 1. Falick, M.B.A. '51MOnroe 6-290040 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWilliam Koch, '18, of Des Moines, la.,died May 4.Corrinne Corinza Anderson, '21, AM'27, retired principal, died Oct. 22, inChicago.Arthur C. Stringer, '18, a veteran of25 years in radio and television work,died June 24 in Washington, D. C. Hehad been in charge of the equipmentexposition of the National Association ofRadio and Television Broadcasters.William W. Henry, '19. Tulsa oilman,died August 2, 1954, in Tulsa.Ruth O. Jackson, SM '19, died on September 14, 1954, in St. Petersburg, Fla.Jose Angel Caparo, AM '19, Professorof Electrical Engineering at the University of Notre Dame from 1918 to1946, died July 12, in South Bend, Ind.He was a fellow of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and a charter member of the Mathematical Association of America.Lester C. Dibble, '20, JD '21, attorneyfor the Foreign Economics Administration and the Justice Department formany years, died June 28, in Danville,Va.Nellie K. Mohr, '20, of Racine, Wis.,died in May. Franklin B. Evans, '21, Chicago investment banker and stock broker, diedSeptember 6, 1954, of a heart attack. Mr.Evans joined Paul H. Davis & Co., in1929 and became a partner in 1931. Whenthat company merged last October withHornblower and Weeks, he became alimited partner in the firm.Ludlow S. Bull, PhD '22, associatecurator of the Egyptian Department ofthe Metropolitan Museum of Art, diedJuly 1, in Litchfield, Conn. Dr. Bullwas a lecturer on Egyptology at Yalefrom 1925 to 1936 and since then a research associate with the rank of professor. He was a member of the editorialboard of the Metropolitan Museum Studies from 1928 to 1934, and was the authorand editor of numerous books onEgyptology.Daisy W. Heath, '23, died August 27,1954. She had been editorial secretaryfor the American Association of Petroleum Geologists for years, having movedto Tulsa in 1927.J. B. Hollis Tegarden, AM '24, Unitarian clergyman for many years, diedApril 22.James B. Edmonson, PhD '25, diedJune 4, at his Ann Arbor, Mich., home.Esther Anderson, '28, died June 1. Shewas a resident of Fargo, N. D. Zoe M. Pepin, '29, of Oak Park, diedDecember 17, 1953.Carl Carlfelt, AM '31, PhD '34, of RockIsland, 111., died last June. The exact datewas not sent to the Alumni Office.Robert E. Barrett, JD '32, Illinois StateDirector of Insurance, died June 14, athis home in Chicago. He was appointedinsurance director in January, 1952. Hehad been a partner in the law firm ofBarrett, Barrett, Costello & Barrett, forover 20 years, and was chairman of theboard of the Prudence Life InsuranceCo., and the Prudence Mutual CasualtyCo.Dr. Louis Cohen, MD '34, of Passaic,N. J., died April 18.Marvin W. Berkson, '36, JD '37, Chicago attorney, died July 6. He was amember of the Army's Provost MarshalSecurity Intelligence Corps during WorldWar II.Rudolf Stormer, '36, died of a heartattack last April 7, in Bloomfield, N.J.Kathryn E. Staley, SM '26, PhD '37,died in Ottowa, Kansas, on July 13,1954.Lt. Col. Frank Lynn, MD '42, Armymedical officer, was killed on September 3 on Quemoy Island by ChineseCommunist artillery fire. He was a member of the military assistance advisorygroup of Formosa.appointmentcalendarAn attractive I I x 81/j inch, two-color calendar with acampus scene on every pageOrder from The Alumni Association5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois!?ot CniUtma*CHICAGOWEDGWOODDINNER PLATESFour plates to each set withFour different campus scenes1 ROCKEFELLER CHAPEL2 MITCHELL TOWER3 HULL COURT GATE4 HARPER LIBRARYIdeal Christmas Gifts - as sets or IndividuallyA limited edition with only 200 sets remainingThe Alumni Association5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, IllinoisEnclosed find $ for which please send me thefollowing Wedgwood Ware: (immediate delivery) :.set(s) of Chicago dinner plates at $12(Not sold singly)NAME ADDRESS.. THE PLATESTen-inch Traditional QueensWare in Williamsburg sepia andDysert glaze. Borders arefrom Gothic design on Ryerson.Delivered to your door$12 per set