?m.NOVEMBER, 1953 MAGAZINEA History of the University?. . . by Richard ,/. Storr Cambridge and Aspen. . . by livo College studentsAdding youth to steel .. .for youJust a "pinch" of vanadium helps steel to serve you betterSteel IS LIKE PEOPLE. It, too, can become tired with toomuch shock and strain, or too much exertion. Fortunatelyfor all of us, scientists have learned the secret of impartingthe stamina of youth to steel.SECRET OF YOUTH — It's done by adding small amounts ofvanadium — often with other alloying metals— to the moltensteel, usually as it comes from the steelmaker's furnace.Thus, the springs of your car and other hard-workingparts of automobiles, locomotives, ships, and aircraft withstand constant shock and strain.WHAT IS VANADIUM? This special tonic for steel is oneof the earth's rarer metals. Most of America's vanadiumore comes from the Colorado Plateau. After being concentrated and smelted, the refined metal is shipped to the steelmakers.Vanadium is but one of many alloying metals that areused to improve today's steel. Just as vanadium makessteel shock-resistant and enduring, chromium makes it rust- resistant, tungsten makes it strong at high temperatures,manganese makes it tough at low temperatures, and silicongives it important electrical properties.UCC AND ALLOYS — The people of Union Carbide producemore than fifty different kinds of alloying metals, in hundredsof varying compositions and sizes. They also work closelywith steelmakers in developing and improving the alloysteels that go into nearly everything that serves us today.STUDENTS and STUDENT ADVISERS: Learn more about the manyfields in which Union Carbide offers career opportunities. Write forthe free illustrated booklet "Products and Processes" which describes the various activities of UCC in the fields of Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals, Gases, and Plastics. Ask for booklet F-2.Union CarbideAND CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET QBE NEW YORK 17, N. Y.. UCC's Trade-marked Products of Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals, Gases, and Plastics include -ELECTROMET Alloys and Metals • HAYNES STELLITE Alloys • EvEREADY Flashlights and Batteries • NATIONAL Carbons • ACHESON ElectrodesPRESTONE and TREK Anti-Freezes • PYROFAX Gas • PREST-O-LlTE AcetyleneDynel Textile Fibers • Bakelite, Krene and Vinylite Plastics • Linde Oxygen • Synthetic Organic Chemicalsrv/emo J-^adStagg to KimptonAnswering Chancellor Kimpton's noteof congratulations on the 91st birthdayof the Grand Old Man, Amos AlonzoStagg wrote:Dear Chancellor Kimpton:Thank you very much for your goodletter on my ninety-first birthday. Itwas lovely of you to write.It is interesting that Chicago won theConference championship in football in1905, 1907, and 1908. Also we won theConference championship in track in1905. You will be interested in knowingthat Circuit Judge Hugo M. Friend wascaptain of the 1905 track team.I certainly want to help celebrate thebig events in 1955 and I have it alreadydated on my calendar.Thank you for writing.Blackfriar director passesHamilton Coleman, director of somefourteen famous Blackfriar shows in thetwenties and thirties, died at his homenear Hendersonville, N. C, on August22, 1953.He had been a famous Shakespearianactor and student and had traveled withRichard Mansfield and Frederick Warddoing Shakespeare from coast to coast.He produced and directed many musicalcomedy shows with the Martin-BeckOrpheum Circuit and recently completeda manuscript for a book: "Shakespeareand The Bible."The Wedgwood wareIt's good bad news about the deliverydates for the Chicago Wedgwood memorial plates and Garg Griffin ash trays.Both had been promised for pre-Christ-mas delivery.We won't get delivery on either thesets or the trays until well after the firstof the year. But you won't be sorry.The dinner plates, in sets of four ($12delivered) are to carry (1) Mitchelltower; (2) the Chapel tower; (3) Harper towers; and (4) Hull Gate.The drawings submitted for these fourplates were far from what the committeewanted. They were turned down. Thenwe learned that England was sendingone of its top flight, young designers tothe New York office.We asked if he might came to Chicagoand sketch from "live" models. Yes, butthis would kill any delivery date beforeChristmas.You'll be happy we delayed. AlanPrice, the designer, proved to be a genius.He was delighted and surprised to discover his Oxford University Gothic inAmerica and he made the sketches onthe spot.The towers and gate will dominate the center of the plates, blending into whitespace toward the edges. The border istaken from the Gothic rosettes on Ryerson. The plates will be done in sepia.It will be a stunning effect and the committee was pleased.The Garg Griffin ash trays had beenokayed and, presumably, in production.These are Wedgwood (5% inches in diameter) with Garg staring up from thecenter (see illustration).But the committee, pleased with theirnew artist, asked if we could have himre-draw the sketch so that the bug-eyesand gaping mouth would be more obvious. They also wanted it in sepia tomatch the dinner plates instead of theblack now being used.England was cabled and we were justdays ahead of production. So the wheelswere stopped, and the tray is to be redone. This means a delayed deliverydate after the first of the year.We have ordered a thousand sets ofthese dinner plates. Eight hundred arealready spoken for by those of you whoresponded to our spring announcements(to dues-paying members only).If you haven't sent us a card for atentative order, and if you think youmight want one or more sets, send thecard at once and we'll send illustrationsbefore you make your final decision. We are sure when you see them, you'llwant them. Four plates, four scenes:$12 delivered.The ash trays will be $1.25 each. Wehope you will order in sets of two, whichwill simplify our packaging problems.Drop us a card if you are interested.We'll collect when they are ready fordelivery.Cards should be addressed to: TheAlumni Association, 5733 UniversityAvenue, Chicago 37, Illinois.Football's return?Chancellor Kimpton, Dean Strozier,and I had just settled in the room atOmaha's Hotel Fontenelle when thephone rang.Would Chancellor Kimpton see a reporter from the World Herald? Certainly.What brings you to Omaha?We are in Omaha, explained Kimpton,as we were in Kansas City yesterdayand will be in Denver tomorrow, to meetwith the school administrators and highschool counselors to explain our newCollege program.We have re-located our Bachelor degree, Kimpton went on. We still acceptthe pre-callege student and permit earlygraduation. But we now can meet moreTHE GARG GRIFFIN ASH TRAY BY WEDGWOOD, READY AFTER FIRST OF THE YEARNOVEMBER, 1953Atyourage!If you are over 21 (or under 101) it's none too soon foryou to follow the example of our hero, Ed Parmalee,and face the life-saving facts about cancer as presented in ournew film "Man Alive !". You'll learn, too, that cancer is notunlike serious engine trouble— it usually gives you a warning :( 1 ) any sore that does not heal (2 ) a lump or thickening,in the breast or elsewhere (3) unusual bleeding or discharge(4) any change in a wart or mole (5) persistent indigestionor difficulty in swallowing (6) persistent hoarseness orcough (7) any change in normal bowel habits.While these may not always mean cancer, any one of themshould mean a visit to your doctor.Most cancers are curable but only if treated in time!You and Ed will also learn that until science finds a cure forall cancers your best "insurance" is a thorough healthexamination every year, no matter how well you may feel—twice a year if you are a man over 45 or a woman over 35.For information on where you can see this film, call us orwrite to "Cancer" in care of your local Post Office.American Cancer Society *MAN ALIVE ! is the story of Ed Parmalee, whosefear weakens his judgment. He uses denial, sarcasm and anger in a delightful fashion to avoidhaving his car properly serviced and to avoid goingto a doctor to have a symptom checked that maymean cancer. He finally learns what a difference itmakes (in his peace of mind and in his disposition)to know how he can best guard himself and hisfamily against death from cancer.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMAGAZINEVolume 46 November, 1953 Number 2IN THIS ISSUEThe Great Conservative 5A History of The University? Richard J. Storr 7Bronze and Soap Bubbles: Cousins 11A Report on Cambridge, James Rosenblum 16A Report on Aspen, Nicolette Carey 17DEPARTMENTSMemo Pad 1 Reader's Guide 22Books 19 Class News 24MAGAZINEVolume 46 November, 1953 Number 2IN THIS ISSUEThe Great Conservative 5A History of The University? Richard J. Storr 7Bronze and Soap Bubbles: Cousins 11A Report on Cambridge, James Rosenblum 16A Report on Aspen, Nicolette Carey 17DEPARTMENTSMemo PadBooks . . . 1 Reader's Guide 2219 Class News 24COVER: Cyril Stanley Smith, Director of the University's Institutefor the Study of Metals. For a report on the sealed tube of soap frothwhich he has in his hands, and some of the Institute's work, see page 1 1.Pictures on pages 1, 7, 9, 11, and 16 through 21, are by Stephen Lewellyn.Cover and pictures on pages 12, 13 14 (top and bottom), and 15 (top), byWeissner Studio. Photograph of molecule, center of 14, by Robert Gomer.PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive Editor Editor Associate EditorHOWARD W. MORT HAROLD E. DONOHUE AUDREY PROBSTExecutive SecretaryAlumni FoundationJIM ATKINS Staff PhotographerSTEPHEN LEWELLYN Field RepresentativeDEAN TYLER JENKSPublished monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $4.00.Single copies, 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the PostOffice at Chicago, Illinois under the act of March 3, 1879. Advertising agent: TheAmerican Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22 Washington Square, New York N. Y.fully the needs of the high school graduate.The reporter took elaborate notes.Then he pocketed his notebook. Theinterview was over."Will you bring back football?" Itseemed to be an afterthought."Big-time intercollegiate football isnot for Chicago," replied Kimpton."Don't you like football?""Certainly. I played it at Stanford.Later I served on the conference commissions at both Stanford and Chicago.It's a good game.""Ever go to games now?""Yes, many of the Bears' games andnow and then a college match.""Would you like to see football backat Chicago?""This isn't the time, but intramuralball and some student games withschools at our level could eventually bea possibility."As the door closed on the reporterDean Strozier said, "I can see the evening paper now: KIMPTON TO BRINGFOOTBALL BACK TO CHICAGO!"As we headed for the Omaha Club fora dinner with the Alumni, I picked up apaper. On Page 7, the headline read:RETURN OF FOOTBALL FAVOREDBY CHANCELLOR KIMPTON AT CHICAGO U.Nothing about the thirty-minute interview on the new College program.Kimpton shook his head: "You can'twin," he mumbled as he climbed aboardthe midnight Zephyr for Denver.Actually the Kimpton- Strozier teamseems to be making real friends amonghigh school principals and their studentcollege advisors. These key people, withtheir superintendents, are luncheonguests of the University in their hometowns.The Kimpton administration is determined to explain our program face toface. Judging by early reactions, theChancellor is not only getting his storyacross but making personal friends wherever he appears.In each city visited they also tell ourstory to the alumni. As I write this weare on the eve of leaving for the WestCoast. Before you read this we willhave visited cities on the East Coast.Meanwhile the story is being told inmany Mid-west cities. It was told bythe Chancellor to alumni at the annualReunion Assembly at Mandel in Juneand reported in full in your July TowerTopics. We have extra copies if youwish them.Student politicoFred Hillbruner is interrupting hisgraduate work in city government at theUniversity to run for alderman of the25th ward in the November 3 Chicagoelection. Fred wants to get into the fightto clean up ward and city politics.The hard work doesn't intimidate himany. Since the age of 15 he's been supporting himself and he continued hishigh school, and later, college courses innight classes. A native west sider, he is now a skilled tool and die worker at theBuick airplane plant. If successful in hisaldermanic campaign he'll give up hisjob and studies to join forces with Alderman Robert Merriam of the 5th ward,as another U. of C. champion for bettergovernment.Early Band director diesGordon Erickson, author of "Wave theFlag" and director of the University Band in its early years, died in Chicagoon September 8, 1953, at the age of 70.Mr. Erickson left Chicago and laterbecame musical director of band andglee club at Armour — now Illinois Institute of Technology. He remained activein this capacity until his death.Erickson also directed the choir ofthe Sunday Evening Club for manyyears. He was a student at Chicago from1907 to 1909.— H. W. M.NOVEMBER, 1953 3r*zZZ&-yCr^J &&>fa tif/jL ?KjlJ* ^W^" t^Tp*?. ' v*-r~r v:After one hundred and fifty yearswe may be able to learn more aboutThe Great ConservativeJLT WAS AN IRISHMAN who hasbeen called the greatest of Englishorators and political thinkers. Hazlittand Matthew Arnold agreed that thisman was the greatest of Englishprose -writers. Samuel Johnson calledhim "the first man everywhere," andhis reputation — since his death in 1797— has risen higher than it ever wasduring his life. The name: EdmundBurke.Yet the amount of research done onhim has never kept up with any suchestimates of his stature. A centuryand a half of accidental secrecy hasprevented adequate biographicalstudy; and his correspondence, as nowprinted, contains not more than one-sixth of his surviving letters.After his death, Burke's papers —including almost all of his letters —were kept in the secluded safety ofWentworth Woodhouse, the Yorkshireseat of the Fitzwilliam family, hisexecutors. In 1949 the tenth EarlFitzwilliams turned his family papersover to the Central Library at Sheffield, England. One of the scholarswho saw that the world now had thenecessary materials to complete thepicture of Burke, was ProfessorThomas W. Copeland, Associate Professor of English in the College. SinceBurke published little, his speechesand letters were the only roads bywhich anyone could begin to under-BURKE LETTER— TRANSLATED ON PAGE 6NOVEMBER, 1953 stand more of eighteenth centurythought. The speeches were on therecord; now, with the letters available, the picture could be filled. Whatwas needed was the publication of theletters of Edmund Burke.The Earl Fitzwilliam and the Sheffield Library showed the friendly interest and cooperation essential to thebeginning of the project. The Carnegie Foundation granted fifty-fivethousand dollars to cover the enormous editorial job of compiling andtranscribing about five thousandhandwritten manuscripts. The University Press agreed to publish theresulting volumes: nine of them, thefirst in 1956.A Chicago committee (see box,right) has been at work preparing astyle manual, to cover the intricatetranscription details and serve as aguide for the editors of the separatesections of the correspondence. Outstanding scholars will prepare individual volumes. These include LucyStuart Sutherland, Principal of LadyMargaret Hall, Oxford; ProfessorGeorge H. Guttridge, University ofCalifornia; D. Alfred Cobban, University College, London; and Dr. R. B.McDowell, Trinity College, Dublin.The first volume will be edited byProfessor Copeland. A general advisory board, containing some of themost noted names in British andAmerican scholarship, has beenchosen.The importance of this project does not rest solely on the grounds of historical research. Present day acceptance of Burke as the "father" of traditional conservative thought pointsup his influence in our own times.Burke's political integrity is acceptedas rare — even in his own time; thusan understanding of his thought willcontribute to our present political attitudes.As a politician, Burke looked beyond his nation's boundaries to weighthe claims of other countries, but always on the same scale and valueswith which he weighed the claims ofhis own countrymen. He was the greatadvocate of the American cause in theChicago CommitteeThomas W. Copeland, Associate Professor of English inthe College.Ronald S. Crane, Distinguished Service ProfessorEmeritus, Department of EnglishCharles L. Mowat, AssociateProfessor, Department of HistoryAlan Simpson, Assistant Professor, Department of HistoryLeo Strauss, Professor, Department of Political ScienceEDMUND BURKE— ACCORDING TO JOHNSON HE WAS "THE FIRST MAN EVERYWHERE"British Parliament during all theheated arguments which surroundedour revolution. He fought, eloquently,for the cause of India; and, when theviolence of the French Revolutionexiled tens of thousands of Frenchmen, he pleaded their cause, too. Hestruggled incessantly against thewrongs done his native Ireland. Agreat practical internationalist, hecould be named by both Hindu andFrenchman — as he was once called byan American — "our foremost friendin Britain." The range of his sympa thies has not been so widely recognized as the range of his thought, butin some ways it is even more extraordinary.Extraordinary, also, is the range ofhis correspondence. Professor Copeland has listed some 1,164 separatecorrespondents, among them suchfigures as James Boswell, Sir JoshuaReynolds, Samuel Johnson, BenjaminFranklin, and Thomas Paine. Eventhe apparently unimportant noteshave turned out to be significant.The letter reproduced (on page 4) is an example. (It is also an exampleof some of the problems of the project:the age and ink-blots of the letters,the close care necessary to decipherBurke's handwriting and abbreviations.) The letter said:"My dear Sir,I come, at your requisition, to the service of a Cause rendered dearer to me byyour accession to it. Since you will haveit so, I will eat Venison in honor of oldEngland: Let me know at Gerard Street,when & where. You make too muchof the prattle of the world, & the effectof any opinion of mine real or supposed.The Libels and the panegyricks of theNews papers can neither frighten norflatter me out of my principles; but (except for the Evil example) it is no matter at all if they did. However sinceyou think my appearance something, youshall have me in my Blue & Buff. Weall indeed long very much to see you &are very much your humble servants. Iam just going to dine with the D. ofPortland in company with the greatAmerican Paine, whom I take with me.Ever My dear SirYour most faithful& affect, friendEdm. BurkeBeconsfield Aug. 18. 1788This, in answer to a dinner invitation. But from whom? As ProfessorCopeland explains, the invitation isfrom the famous Jack Wilkes, Dr.Johnson's old bugbear, who by thistime had become very respectable andCity Chamberlain of London. Thedinner is a public one to show sympathy with America. This information comes in part from Burke's mention of the "Blue & Buff," whichsignified the uniform of Washington'sarmy. American sympathizers worethe colors in the House of Commonsduring the middle of the war. By theletter's date, 1788, it was probably ofa nostalgic interest, but the issuesand principles involved were still verymuch alive for Burke and his friends.The "D." of Portland is the Duke, and"the great American Paine" was visiting Burke's country home at Beacons-field.With such material, involving suchevents and personalities, the projectcan well stand as a symbol of the international understanding which is asnecessary to contemporary politics asit is to scholarship. Edmund Burkestood as a symbol of Anglo-Americanfriendship during that relationship'smost difficult years. And he is todaythe historic mark of the political wisdom which made that relationshippossible. The Press's publication ofhis Correspondence will do much toilluminate the man's profound politicalinsights, thus making him and hisideas more meaningful today.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWhat should be inA History of the University?A young scholarlays his plansHISTORIAN STORR BEGINS HIS WORK WITH HIS WORKING COLLEAGUES— ALUMNIby Richard J. Storr,Assistant Professorof HistoryI HAVE BEEN commissioned towrite a history of the University.When I tell people this — or when theyfind it out — they always have a comment to make about it. I have heardevery nuance of sentiment — from unholy relish at the prospect of an innocent historian being torn apart, toa lively appreciation of the real importance of the project. What hasimpressed me the most, however, isnot so much the variety of responsesas the fact that the reaction is immediate and profound. Clearly the ideaof the history of the University isprovocative. It already has moved anumber of alumni to tell me of theirexperiences at the University, and toexplain its meaning for them. Thesereminiscences and impressions areindeed the stuff of history, and anyalumnus who takes the time andtrouble to put his memories at mydisposal is one of my working colleagues. He is an historian withoutformal appointment, but his servicesare none the less invaluable. I hopeto make that clear.Lately many, if not most, of theProfessor Storr's address is 55,Social Sciences Building, Faculty Exchange, the University.NOVEMBER, 1953 7full-dress histories of American universities have been published tocelebrate some anniversary or other.Histories also appear in the form ofa single person's memoirs, becausethe writer hopes to record his adventures in academic life. Then thereare the more or less serious biographies of distinguished presidents andprofessors. Other books are designed, apparently, to entertain the friends ofa university with a good story welltold. Still other historical efforts aremeant to be advertising and littleelse. Except for those members ofthe last group which follow the rulesof caveat donor, all of these volumesand brochures may give some answerto the abiding question: What is auniversity? The desire to face up to this query is, I believe, the best ofall possible motives for writing thehistory of the University of Chicago;and this is my desire.The book which I see in my mind'seye will not mark a special occasion;nor will it record my personal memories — which stretch back all of twoyears. It will not be written primarilyto amuse, although it ought to havethat effect, or else nothing as stirringand as human as the history of theUniversity has the power to givepleasure. The book will not be written to exploit past success in behalfof future needs; but I shall not squirmif it sells well and attracts favorableattention to the University. In anyevent, the University deserves to beunderstood for what it is.Legal endIf the history is to succeed as aportrait, it must delineate the fullcharacter of a university. Legallysuch an institution is a corporation,which is all that "university" originally meant. To promote learned andeducational objects, usually describedin rather conventional language, theState creates a board of trustees toexercise certain powers, some ofwhich the trustees delegate to the administration and the faculty. In anold phrase, they- are the "immediategovernment" of the institution and sodecide the rules to regulate the pursuit of knowledge at the university.Often there is a further delegation oflimited power to the students; andwhen they graduate they join thecompany of alumni, who very likelyorganize into an association with established rights. A university, then,is a government with many constituent bodies. Its most obvious fruit isthe collection of by-laws, degree requirements, departmental franchises,examination procedures, etc., to whichso many square feet of print in official publications are devoted.A university also has its foreignpolicy, exemplified by membership inaccrediting associations and in working alliance with philanthrophic foundations. Finally a university has itspolitics which may be a game but agame often played for keeps. Wherea history takes accounts of these matters, as it must, it resembles the constitutional, diplomatic, and politicalhistory with which we are all familiar.The businessA university is also a businessenterprise. Ordinarily it owns an expensive physical plant and it oftencontrols a large amount of investmentIVJLuCH OF Richard Storr 's timethese days is spent in the upperreaches of the West Tower of Har-, per Library. There the University'sarchival collections are burstingout of the cramped quarters available for their safekeeping.Primarily, the Archives servesas the central repository of theinactive administrative and legalrecords of the University which areof immediate— and enduring —value. As such, these records contribute to the present efficientadministration of offices and departments within the University.Important, non- official records alsohave been added.Mr. Storr's present assignment,however, highlights the historicalimportance of the archival records,a value recognized as early as 1895when President Harper queriedThomas Goodspeed, Secretary ofthe Board of Trustees: "Are wetaking all the proper steps to preserve the data of the University forthe purpose of a history to be written later?"The present Archivist, RobertRosenthal, Curator of Special Collections, sees the archival materialsas an important link between theUniversity's past and present. Ashe puts it, "A university, and particularly the University of Chicago,is the reflection of the ideas andachievements of great men. It is asa custodian of this tradition of research and scholarship that a University Archives can fulfill its roleand in a very real sense keep thetradition alive. The records of theUniversity are in themselves thesource of a history of scholars active in the creation and transmission of knowledge."Since the days of Dr. Harper'sinitial concern, and Dr. Good-speed's early efforts, the pile ofarchival records has grown steadily,although it has been only withinthe past ten years that the Libraryhas voluntarily assumed some re sponsibility for the collections. Itis evident that a comprehensiveprogram for the collection and careof the University's Archives mustwait until an over-aH, and officialarchival program can be established with adequate space andfinancial support.Even so, the Archives' collectionis now extensive, although far fromcomplete. Among the types ofrecords included are the papers ofthe first three University presidents; various departmental andcommittee files; and the personalpapers of such University Greats asSamuel N. Harper, John MatthewsManley, Marion Talbot, and Andrew C. McLaughlin.In addition, the collection includes syllabi and examinations, asizeable photographic file, and some250 official and student serial publications.This material is available toscholars from other institutions aswell as to qualified researchers andstudents on our own campus. During the past year, for example,three scholars from other universities made use of the lecture notesof George Herbert Mead. A researcher engaged in a study of anIndian tribe of the Southwest addressed an inquiry to Mr. Rosenthal, who turned to the papers ofFrederick Starr for an answer.When University officials wantedhelp in running the inauguration,at the time Chancellor Kimptontook office, they found archivalrecords instructive. When a question arose recently about theproper use of a University building, documents pertinent to asettlement were found.These samples are only a fraction of the ways which the materials are used. Along with Mr.Storr's present venture, they serveto dispel any lingering notions thatan Archive is a collection of musty,forgotten relics of bygone days.—A.P.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBOSS OF THE ARCHIVES, ROBERT ROSENTHAL, AMONG OVER-CROWDED STACKScapital. Yet its resources, like thoseof many expanding enterprises, arenever sufficient; so the universitymust ever strive to increase its plantand productive capital. The duties ofthe business officers are indeed sonumerous and varied that the catalogue of them sounds like the old,children's button game: banker, lawyer, merchant, hotelkeeper, printer,etc. In each of these capacities, theuniversity may show good, bad, orjust mediocre judgment. This shouldhave its place in the record.ExpectationsBut the government and management of a university, like affairs ofstate and business, are not ends inthemselves. The intrinsic pleasuresof keeping a university alive and running are real. But they are not enoughto explain why thousands of trustees,presidents, deans, professors, andstudents are attracted to their severalposts. Love of learning and teaching,the uses of academic degrees, altruism, a thirst after prestige, loneliness,and even gullibility: the list of motives is obviously too long to complete, because the reasons humanbeings have for coming near a university are probably as varied and asmixed as human nature itself. It isthe fact that a university focuses somany expectations which makes itfascinating.Some of these expectations belongto our culture and tradition; so thatmany freshmen, for instance, arriveat our college without ever tellingthemselves explicitly why they should.Yet deep within them, there may wellbe something which gives them agone feeling if their experience failsto live up to the Hollywood musicalson one hand, or to John Henry Newman's dream of a university on theother. Even the most novel of universities feels the hand of traditionalexpectation, checking impetuosity onemoment and smothering legitimateexperiment the next.Sari and slumEmerging from these inheritedhopes are others which deliberatethought and conscious purpose produce. These expectations are most inevidence when a university is beingfounded or when a new program isbeing devised. Very often they havetheir source in the dissatisfaction ofa single man or a small group of menwith things as they are; and their fulfillment is a monument to the drivingurge of men to use their minds, theirmaterial resources, and their will toimprove the lot of Man. Perhaps the greatest of these expectations is summed up in the enduring slogan, "the truth shall makeyou free." Men differ in their definitions of truth and freedom; but theycan unite effectively enough to createinstitutions of higher learning dedicated to the pursuit of truth. Theprinciples of instruction and researchwhich are developed to facilitate thispursuit loom very large — and rightlyso — in the history of universities. (Tothis very considerable extent it isintellectual history.) The outwardform of these principles are the regulations characterizing a university asa government and the buildings whichremind us that it is a business. Whatgives meaning to the forms is thepurpose behind them; and what serves to test the validity of the purpose inpractice is the success of the university in meeting the expectations ofthe men and women who belong to it.It must not be forgotten how intimately personal these hopes can be.The foreign student in a sari wantsa year in the university to be a window opening onto life in the UnitedStates. At the same time the American in the next seat may be therebecause only a scholarship has allowed him to escape from the physicaland spriritual impoverishment of theslum background which may havebeen all he has known of his nativeland. Personal motives, however, donot invariably work against eachother. A man like President Harpercould create an esprit de corps whichNOVEMBER, 1953 9OOLI HOUttl3**w //^" /f**¦±*i/--t-c-^-^ cs^t-'' . c-''<r~«-<'^' r*n<a-s~v-ie^*T«*_, ctrf^ C^rcyWILLIAM RAINEY HARPER, DOOMED LATE IN 1904, DIED OF CANCER JAN. 1906is none the less remarkable becausemixed groups of people in a cosmopolitan university contains dissenters.JPTiy exist?A university, in brief, is an immensely complicated balance of legalpowers, physical facilities, policies,rules, traditions, conscious purposes,individual hopes, and a commonspirit. Just as it is the responsibilityof the officers to preserve that balance in the present, it is the duty ofthe historian to seek informationabout its nature in the past. For himthe greatest danger lies in the temptation to overemphasize those aspectsof university life which can be mostcopiously documented at the expenseof other matters that leave few visible remains. To be specific, it is agreat deal easier to discover the formal purposes of a university and thenature of its affairs as a governmentand a business than to gain a reliableimpression of the real expectations ofits members and of their satisfactionsor disappointments.Were these expectations fulfilled,modified, or frustrated? What happens to a university as an institution,and what happens to the people whomake it up, are two different questions. Each must be answered if the story of a university is to portray itas it is.In some fields of history, the impactof events is so obvious that no laborious research is required to revealit. The historian of General Eisenhower's command during the war, forinstance, does not have to look far tofind out if the armies liberated Western Europe. That is common knowledge. So we ask, not what happened,but how did it happen. Unlike aleader of armed forces, however, a"captain of erudition" such as President Harper cannot sum up his mission in one final report. True, educators, great and small, commonly havean assigned place in the academichall of fame; but their reputationsmust rest in the end upon the evidence of numberless lives which havebeen touched by education. So longas the facts about this experienceremain inaccessible, the history ofuniversities is only a fragment of thetruth.10, 20, 40 years ago?Fortunately the archives of theUniversity of Chicago contain manysources of information on life withinthe University. But we need to knowmuch more. What did it mean to bea faculty member or student here ten, twenty, forty years ago? Part of theanswer must come from men andwomen who may not be alumni; butthe other part lies in the memoriesand in the family papers of the graduates. So I am asking all alumni, toprovide me with reminiscences andwith any student letters, diaries, orother records which deal with theirexperiences at the University. I hopethat they will write down as much asthey can and send it to me, or let mehave the opportunity to talk withthem. If they have papers to mail,direct them to the University Archives. It will provide safe-keepingfor as long as you wish.Not "official"The writing of the history has justbegun; so I cannot promise that anyparticular bit of information or opinion will have a particular place inthe book when it appears. Because,moreover, I bear the entire reponsi-bility for the text — it will not be an"official" history — I must exercise thefull power of final judgment in regard to its plan, style, contents, andconclusions. Yet I know that the history will be sadly lacking in truthand richness if I do not have theadvice and help of those who taughtand studied here.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBronze and Soap Bubbles: Cousins"If gold rusts, what shal iren do?"— Canterbury TalesACCORDING to ancient tales,the Bronze Age was a time whenwar and destruction ruled the world,after the happier days of the Goldenand Silver Ages, when neither Godsnor men had problems. The BronzeAge, the legends said, was soon followed by the Iron Age, when manbecame completely degenerate. But,to scientists, the Bronze Age saw manemerge from the near cave StoneAge; and the Age of Iron found maneven better equipped to deal with the hostile world. In any event, it wasno accident that both scientist andpoet should mark man's progress byhis knowledge and use of metals.Although the birth of metallurgyhappened about the same time as thebirth of civilization, metallurgy eventoday is more of an art than a science.Its future growth will depend on incorporating more of the fundamentalunderstanding of the pure scienceswith empirical knowledge and practical skills, however important the lat ter may be. The University's Institutefor the Study of Metals was foundedprimarily to foster the development ofthose aspects of pure physics andchemistry on which the applied science of metallurgy depends, and toprovide a bridge between pure scientists and those in metallurgical industry. This is achieved by placingtogether under one roof men interested in all three disciplines, metallurgy, chemistry and physics, in anenvironment designed to promoteinteraction and mutual understanding. The Institute does not aim toproduce better alloys, but rather, asDirector Cyril Stanley Smith understates it: "I suppose our aim canmost simply be defined as just toincrease understanding of the natureand properties of metals."Located between the Institutes forNuclear Studies and that for Radio-biology and Biophysics, in a block-long building put up seven years ago,Metals is run by the University withcontributions from major Americanindustries as sponsors. In return fortheir financial support the memberindustrial companies receive all scientific reports in advance of publication, visit the Institute regularly, andsend their own men to confer withthe professors on problems of mutualinterest. Government research agencies (Army, Navy, Air Force andA.E.C.) also provide support for someof the research. The Institute is distinct from a department of the University in that it has no teachingINSTITUTE BUILDINGS (METALS IN THE MIDDLE) NEARLY COMPLETE IN 1950NOVEMBER, 1953 11NACHTRIEB, STUDYING "DIFFUSION," PLACES SPECIMEN IN PRESSURE "CUP"responsibilities. Nevertheless, mostof its faculty have joint appointmentsin either the Chemistry or Physicsdepartment and gladly carry a nearlynormal teaching load. Many graduate students do thesis research in theInstitute's laboratories.As Director Smith says, "The fieldof the Institute is the science ofmetals, not physics or chemistry ingeneral, but science in a particularfield. But preoccupation even withmetals is avoided, for the concern ismore with understanding naturalphenomena than with a particularform of matter as such. Too manylaboratories heretofore have (forshort-range economic reasons) limited their attention to a particularmetal, for example copper or steel.We work on any metal that displaysinteresting characteristics, and evenwith some non-metals if they illuminate in any way the behaviour ofmetals."We have not trained metallurgists. But we have inclined physicists andphysical chemists towards metallurgy.Research has been our primary objective and the training of men forresearch. And I believe that the bestresearch even in applied science willbe done by those trained in the basicsciences, rather than by those whofirst receive a heavy practical indoctrination. I should say that I believethis only if the basic training doesnot prejudice a man against seeingthe very real value of informationobtained by practical methods."Filling spaceThe direction taken in this approachtoward a science of metals can beindicated by considering the startlinganalogy between a piece of bronze,and a sealed tube filled partly withsoapy water (see cover). Althoughmetals are crystalline, they usuallycontain innumerable crystals packedtogether; the surfaces formed by themeeting of crystals are essentially non crystalline, and have a great effect on the behaviour of the aggregate.These internal surfaces adjustthemselves in space to form a structure almost identical with the films ofsoapy water in a froth, or the membranes between cells in biologicaltissue. Professor Smith's own research is currently devoted to showing how this is partly a result of thesimple mathematical laws of fillingspace, and partly a result of the equilibrium of the forces associated withthe surfaces. Metal grains becomelarger on annealing for the same reason that bubbles in a froth grow withtime.Professor Andrew Lawson (who,incidentally, is also Chairman of theUniversity's Department of Physics)has been engaged in a study of themechanism of electrical conductivityin "ionic" crystals, the kind of crystalof which common salt is an example.Working in the Institute's high pressure laboratory, which he established,Lawson is concerned with the natureof crystal imperfections which maycarry electric current and their variation at different temperatures andpressures. Similar imperfections existin metals, but they are less easilystudied.The high pressure equipment is alsoused by Professor of Chemistry Norman Nachtrieb, who applies tremendous pressures to a specimen of metalin order to check on the manner inwhich atoms move around in a solidcrystal by the process known as diffusion. Pressures up to 300,000 poundsper square inch are often used.X-ray pictures have been taken ofmetal at pressures almost this high.Studies of metals under quite different conditions go on in the lowtemperature laboratory across thestreet under the Stagg Field Stands.Unfortunately there is no room forthis work in the new buildingwith the rest of the Institute. Extremely low temperatures are obtained by cooling with liquid helium,which is itself made by cooling withliquid hydrogen when it is under highpressure, and allowing the gas to expand in a special chamber. Heliumin the liquid state has a temperatureclose to absolute zero — nearly 460 degrees below zero fahrenheit. Notonly is it used to cool other materialsfor study, but it is itself studied, for ithas amazing properties. Totally unlike any other matter, helium spreadsover surfaces and through the narrowest of slits as if it had almost noviscosity. Through an extremely tinycrack, in a tenth of a second, will flowas much liquid helium as would take12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthree days to leak in the form of gas.Such behaviour is being studiedwith ordinary helium by ProfessorsEarl Long and Lothar Meyer, whileAssistant Professor Guttman is cooperating with a colleague in the Nuclear Institute, J. R. Arnold, in showing that the different isotopes ofhelium do not participate in thiscurious manner. Also in the low temperature laboratory, Associate Professor Stout is studying the curiouscrystals known as antiferromagnetics,as well as the phenomenon known assuperconductivity .Locked-up energyAssistant Professor Ole J. Kleppahopes to build a consistent rule ofalloying. Through his "heat of reaction measurements" he is trying tobridge the gap between the thermodynamic and the structural aspects ofmetallurgy.Two other men interested in "heat"— though in different ways— are Assistant Professors Paul Gordon andMorris E. Nicholson. Gordon hasconstructed a heat measuring device— or calorimeter — so sensitive that itcan measure as little as one hundred -millionth of the heat given off by a100-watt bulb in an hour. It is sensitive to temperature changes of threeten-thousandths of a degree centigrade. With this apparatus he canmeasure the amount of heat given offby atoms of metal as they rearrangethemselves after, say, "cold-working"— for example, hammering.When a piece of metal is stretched,cold, it gets harder and warm, thoughnot as warm as if all the work doneappeared as heat. Some of the energystays locked up in the metal and isassociated in a complex way with itsincreased hardness. The heat reappears on subsequent heating, and actually can carry the specimen to atemperature a minute amount abovethat of the furnace heating it.Heat measurements are used in adifferent way by Nicholson, who istrying to learn more about why steelcan be hardened by heat treatment.He subjects small specimens of pureiron, and some of its alloys, to hightemperatures. He then follows in detail the way in which they cool whensubject to a blast of helium, whichgives an even more drastic quenchthan plunging the hot metal in coldwater. Though the temperature fallsat rates up to 6000 degrees per second,recording equipment follows it, andchanges in the rate of cooling showthe temperatures at which the atomsrearrange themselves into a differentcrystal form, which is the basis of hardenability. This research, likemost in the Institute, is very likely tobe of assistance eventually to thoseneeding steels for particular purposes,though it is not itself immediately"practical."The Institute is well equipped withall needed apparatus, though it lacksthe spectacular machines to be foundin other laboratories. Some importantwork is done with extremely simpledevices. One man — Professor CharlesS. Barrett — needs little more than apiece of wire with a tiny mirror on it,a lamp, and the intelligence to understand what goes on when the wireis twisted and allowed to untwist.When an oxide film is applied to thesurface as the wire slowly untwists,movement suddenly stops or changes its rate. If the film is removed thetwisting changes rate. Why? What isthe effect of the film? It is all intimately related to the atomic natureof deformation in metals and themovement of crystal imperfections.It is also likely to throw some lighton the nature of corrosion as well asits prevention.Perhaps the most spectacular experiment going on is in the low temperature lab where a young chemist,Robert Gomer, is photographing surface layers of gases on crystals almoston an atomic scale. (See picture onpage 14.) Originally interested in thechemistry of surface reactions, Gomerfound it "both necessary and interesting" to take a detour into the fundamental physics of the emissionGORDON, WITH CALORIMETER (ABOVE HAND), MEASURES MINUTE AMOUNTS OF HEATNOVEMBER, 1953 13NICHOLSON SUBJECTS METAL TO TERRIFIC HEAT, THEN QUENCHES IT WITH HELIUMmicroscope (in front of his camera).The microscope, invented by theGerman physicist, E. W. Muller, in1937, resembles a medium size Christmas tree ball. The bottom half of theball is sprayed inside with fluorescent"paint" much like that used in a television tube. Through the mouth ofthe ball a finely etched wire is installed about three inches from thebottom. A high vacuum is set up —an extremely high vacuum Gomersays — and a high voltage is appliedbetween the wire and the conductingscreen. The tip of the wire has beenetched to a tiny round point abouta hundred-thousandth of an inch indiameter. Electrons are pulled out ofthe tip and register on the screenjust as in a television tube. The resulting pattern can be photographed.Because the electrons leave thecurved surface of the tip at rightangles and continue to move in nearlystraight lines to the screen, the pattern seen is an image of the sourceof the electrons magnified about amillion times. Differences on thescreen represent local differences inthe way electrons leave the surfaceof the tip, and since this is a metalcrystal it is possible to learn muchabout the shape of crystal surfaces.Sometimes the distortion of the electrical field, produced by a particlesitting on the surface, causes an additional magnification and permits asingle molecule to be seen. The roundpicture on this page is that of tungsten (the larger pattern) with animage of a molecule of a phthalo-cyanine dye (the brighter, four-leafed cloverspot near the center). Gomerdescribes the magnification of the dyemolecule as being "several milliontimes."Using a more complicated versionof the microscope adapted to operation in a bath of liquid helium (seephotograph on page 15) Gomer andJohn K. Hulm are photographing theeffects of certain gases as they settleon the surface of perfectly cleanmetal crystal faces (the process calledadsorption). At helium temperaturesall other gases are frozen out and avirtually perfect vacuum exists. Theexperimental gas comes from an electrically heated spiral at one side ofthe cold point, and its magnifiedimage is observed on the screen, asbefore. The pattern of the crystal isobserved with the pattern of the gasmolecules superimposed.At liquid helium temperatures thegas molecules stay where they falland can be seen on one side of themetal crystal tip. But the tip can beheated (all its surroundings stayingvery cold), and the changing patternscan be studied as the molecules formlayers, move about on each other, orcombine with the metal surface underneath. The temperature at whichthese effects occur is determined, aswell as the way molecules move aboutor stick differently on different partsof the face crystal. Partly because ofGomer's work the concept of a uniformly adsorbing metal surface hashad to be modified. The contraryidea that there were merely a fewactive spots on a metal surface hasalso failed to find support.It is work like Gomer's that is giving a much better picture of howgases get a foot-hold on a solid sur-PORTRAIT OF A MOLECULE (ABOVE) AND PHOTOGRAPHER-CHEMIST GOMER (BELOW)14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBARRETT CHECKS MIRROR (FOREGROUND ON TWISTED METAL). IT REFLECTS (REAR)face, and how they can react witheach other. Such ideas are the verybasis of understanding how petroleum is "cracked," or any of themany processes of the chemical industry which depend on the presenceof a solid catalyst.These are only a small fraction ofthe many projects under way. A fewof the others are work on opticalproperties, on conduction of heat, oninternal friction and on the nature offracture. Even the new techniques ofnuclear resonance — the process where"vibrating" atoms affect nearby atoms— are being applied to studies ofsolids.In this self-consciously practicalworld, one will always hear the questions put: what does all of this mean?What will it do better? To DirectorSmith and his colleagues these arevalid questions."The more fundamental the research, or rather the understandingwhich results from the research,"Professor Smith has written, "themore certain it is to be of eventualuse somewhere, but the less obviousits immediate utility."But a casual consideration of thework going on in the Institute for theStudy of Metals leads one to certainconclusions. Since the basic units ofdifferent metals, separately and asalloys, are being studied, man's useof metals will be affected.According to Professor Smith, "Itis currently impossible to predictTHE ELABORATE EMISSION MICROSCOPEwhat kind of alloy will result oncombining any two or more metallicelements. But in a few decades itwill probably be possible to designan alloy with the certainty that onenow designs a machine for a givenpurpose."Apart from problems of cheapeningthe large-scale production of steeland other common metals, the problem most acutely facing the metallurgist at the moment is the development of materials to withstand theextreme conditions of the jet engineand nuclear reactor. Improvement inthis field will certainly come, not onlyfrom a result of inspired empiricaldevelopment work, as traditional inthe past, but also as a direct outcomeof the theoretical understanding coming from work going on at the University's Institute for the Study ofMetals.Perhaps rust can be prevented by cheaper methods than using stainlesssteels. Perhaps alloys can be developed twice as strong as any knowntoday. But even more important thanthe reaching of the visible horizonswill be the fact that engineers, combining different kinds of properties innew ways, will be inspired and enabled to do things currently un-thought of."The simple adaptability of one alloy in the Bronze Age produced manytools and objects of beauty," says Professor Smith. "The multifarious metalsof the future will parallel the increasingly diverse uses to which theywill be put. Paradoxically, this material diversity will be a result ofintellectual simplification, for as theproperties of matter are studied onmore and more basic levels the principles involved become both simplerand more widely applicable."The work continues.NOVEMBER, 1953 15A REPORT ON COLLEGE COUHHe went to Cambridge to studyone of our College History coursesby James Rosenblum, College16 LlKE MOST PEOPLE, I had heardof the great English UniversitiesCambridge and Oxford, early in mylife. Perhaps they were just mentioned in connection with someone'sname or in comparison with Americanuniversities. Anyway, when the opportunity arose to spend a summer atCambridge, and really see for myselfif everyone walked around in flowingrobes muttering Greek, I wanted togo. I also wanted to study history.Cambridge is a beautiful city(population 60,000) in the midst offine picturesque farmland. The colleges, twenty-three in number, arescattered throughout the city, somealong the main street, many side byside overlooking the river Cam — the"backs" — whose beauty cannot be exaggerated. Of course, even surrounded by all this beauty, we had tostudy since that is why we were there.I was kept very busy between classes,studying for them. But we went ontwo-day excursions to various partsof England: to Canterbury and Yorkshire to see the cathedrals, to Derbyshire to visit Coventry and the industrial area, to the Shakespeare Countryand Oxford, and to London.Being in a foreign country for thefirst time is so much fun, and thepeople are so interesting that it reallyseems like a vacation in spite of thework to be done. Our trips, and afew weekends spent in London withfriends, as well as the discovering ofCambridge itself, made life so full thatstudying during the Week was almostwelcome.History does become much morealive when one sees where the Romans mined lead in 146 A.D., thevery spot where Thomas Becket waskilled in Canterbury Cathedral, thetown where John Bunyon actuallylived, the room in Pembroke College(Cambridge) in which Oliver Crom-Continued on page 18THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAT CAMBRIDGE AND ASPENShe went to Aspen to study acourse in HumanitiesASPEN WAS SOMETHING entirely different. In the course itself,we went into the three parts of Humanities more thoroughly than wecould on campus. The three quarters'work (in one summer) covered theanalysis of various forms of music(symphonies, sonatas and the like);the history of art and various stylesof artists; and the understanding andinterpretation of poetry. And yet withthis more exhausting curriculum,there were more philosophical mean-derings than are usually possible.The general academic atmosphere,too, was much different from that ofan ordinary college. The freer atmosphere of classes and the flexibilityof schedule permitted more relevantmaterial to be discussed and more "offthe cuff" information to be brought in.We often stayed after class to talk informally with Mr. Cooper, our instructor for the summer, usuallyabout the course or pertinent subjects.With the class work made closerto every-day living, the close-knitgroup and home atmosphere helpedto organize the various aspects of thecourse into a coherent whole.The concentration on one subject,rather than one-quarter each of four,also made studying and learning thesubject easier and more memorable.Aspen itself helped, too, for the summer's activities were all slantedtoward our studies.One of the things about this summer that impressed me most was thefreedom and informality of our lifeand relationships. Mr. Cooper wasalways ready to talk to us in thehomelike life at the "Gay Nineties"(the house where the girls livedwith the Coopers). There was neverany hesitation on the part of the kidsto do so. As there was never any constraint in talking this way to theCoopers or Mr. Taylor (who came outContinued on page 18NOVEMBER, 1953 by Nicolette Carey, College17James Rosenblum and Nicolette Carey are two students inthe College who participatedthis past summer in a successfulstudy-travel experiment.Jim is one of thirteen studentswho sailed aboard the S. S.Columbia last June 15 for Cambridge, England, and ten weeksof study in our College course,the History of Western Civilization. This was the first timeone of our College courses hadbeen offered abroad. Mr. Edward Bastian, Assistant Professor (Humanities, College) instructed the group, and sharedthe chaperonage with his wife.Fifteen-year-old Nicolettejoined twenty -four classmatesin finding Aspen, Colorado, anideal place to take the Humanities I course, an introductorysequence in music, the visualarts, and literature. The groupwas together from June 26 toAugust 28.Mr. Grosvenor Cooper, Chairman of Humanities I staff in theCollege and of the Departmentof Music, taught the course, andMrs. Cooper shared responsibilities for the group's wellbeing.The success of both projectshas stimulated advanced plansfor more extensive study -travelprograms for next summer. Thecourses offered in Cambridgeand Aspen will be given againnext summer. In addition, threelanguage courses designed toprepare students for comprehensive examinations will be given.French I is scheduled for Parisin '54; German I will be offeredin Marburg; and the Spanish Icourse will be held in Madrid.The University is a memberof the newly -organized American College Council for Summer Study Abroad. F. ChampionWard, Dean of the College, ischairman of the executive committee of the group. The organization's purpose is to giveAmerican college students anopportunity to combine seriousacademic study with summerresidence in a foreign country.The courses offered abroadby our University next summerwill be sponsored by the newCouncil, and will be open toqualified students from othercolleges as well as our ownCollege students. Continued from page 16CAMBRIDGEwell studied, the Tower of London,the Houses of Parliament, BattleAbbey built by William the Conqueror to commemorate the Battle ofHastings, and an old Norman residence hall. All were like an illustration for a page of history.But it isn't just the specific placesthat give one the feeling for history.Since all England is permeated withhistory and traditions of over a thousand years, I couldn't help absorbingsome of this feeling for antiquity.Even modern inventions such as television and jet planes can't dispel thefeeling. For the Englishman this feeling seems to be embodied in the RoyalFamily, which represents for him astrong tie with his past. Perhaps thisis most noticeable to Americans, coming as we do from a country that isrelatively young and without the samekind of tradition.Darts and the weatherEngland seems to me to be a verygood plaice to start one's internationalexperiences because most of the inhabitants speak English. Being ableto speak and understand fully helpsto promote conversation and, so,friendship. It was wonderful to beable to discuss politics and foreignpolicy with them since their viewson these matters, and others, arerather different from ours. This interchange of ideas is in itself an education, one which comes from most kindsof travel, I suppose. I feel that thisalone will be invaluable in othercourses back on campus, and afterwards in my life.One way to get to know the English is to go to a pub. These aresmall bar-like taverns serving mainlybeer, ale, and " 'aff and 'aff." Theatmosphere is usually warm and friendly and there always is someoneplaying darts, a game at which theEnglish are very good. On nice evenings in Cambridge there is often acrowd sitting on the "Mill" bridgeoutside the "Mill" Pub and you canfind someone ready to discuss justabout anything you want to discuss.It was the conversations with theEnglish students, generally very nicefellows, both at the Mill Pub and inthe college dormitory and dining hallthat helped to make the summer sucha good one. "Nice evening" means awarm one. Any generalities aboutEnglish weather are impossible, sinceit is rarely stable for more than a fewhours at a time.Staying putSpeaking of generalities, here aretwo: the English make the best tea inthe world; and they eat more boiledpotatoes and cabbage than anyoneelse. I think they eat boiled potatoesand cabbage because they like it.I also think this kind of trip is muchbetter than the fast moving tourwhere one is on the go all the time.Staying in Cambridge all summer, except for excursions, as we did, reallygave us an opportunity to get to knowthe area and some of the people well.It is very pleasant to feel that thereis one place you know and can returnto, with some of the pride of a onetime resident. The important thingabout travel, for me at least, is to tryto do things the way the people dothem wherever you happen to beI think the only way to understandthe people in other countries, and theway they act and think, is to liveamong them for more than just a dayor two. That is why the Historycourse in Cambridge, England was sorewarding: we not only learned agood history survey, but we becameresidents of the community andlearned to live in it for a brief time.Continued from page 17ASPENfor two weeks to help with the art),this freedom laid the foundation formuch better relationships betweenstudents and faculty in the future.Another outstanding feature ofAspen was the magnificent music program going on there. The concertsgave us an unequaled chance to acquire a broad base of listening experience. We were allowed to attendthe Master Classes given by the concert artists and composers. Sometimesthey were a little over my head, butI learned an awful lot about musicthrough them — and from the music students. We ate breakfast and dinner with the music students, whichgave us a chance to really get to knowthem and talk with them. Oftenafter dinner some of them would organize an informal jam session (which,however was as likely to be classicalmusic as jazz and bebop, althoughthere was plenty of that too).Colorado mountainsEven the scenery played its part inmaking the Aspen venture a success.It was very beautiful (I still find myself missing the mountains). And, ofcourse, the mountains provided wonderful opportunities for recreation —18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJ$ook&by Faculty and Alumnimountain climbing, hiking, horse-backriding.Aspen was equally different outside the classroom. We all learned agreat deal through having to get alongwith such a well-integrated group ofvaried people. Many of our activitiescentered around the "Gay Nineties"listening to records or just talking onthe lawn or in the living room. Themusic students came over and joinedour group from time to time and weoften visited them. This preventedany feeling of exclusiveness or isolation. Our own group had a very warmand close relationship — a much closerand still much more informal one thenwould be possible under any otherliving arrangements.All students, I guess, gripe abouttheir food and we were no exception.Our cook was not overly gifted withimagination — but since we all cameout of the summer healthy, it couldn'treally have been too bad. And thentoo, dinner gave us our best chanceto talk with the music students, andin the midst of the engrossing orviolent discussions that took place atdinner, no one really paid much attention to the food.For the student who wants to trythe plan next summer, here are a fewthings that may make it easier: First,be prepared to get along and live withpeople of many types. And rememberthat while Aspen isn't by anystretch of the imagination a "grind"or merely a great deal of hard work,there will be studying to do — to us itwas painless and even fun, but it wasstudying. Practically speaking, oneshould arrange in advance for transportation coming and going as muchas possible. Travel as lightly as possible, but plan for very chilly weatheras well as hot weather; and rememberthere will be concerts and movies aswell as sports and very informal activities.They say the proof of the puddingis in the eating and all I know aboutAspen is that it made me very anxiousto do something similar next summer.I, for one, am planning tentatively togo either to Paris to take French 1,or to Cambridge for the Historycourse.PRE-PUB OFFERCOLUMBIA-VIKING DESKENCYCLOPEDIAOVER MOO PAGESRegular Edition $7.95; Before Nov. I $6.95Thumb-Indexed $8.95; Before Nov. I $7.95ORDER NOW FROMTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOKSTORE5802 Ellis Ave., ChicagoNOVEMBER, 1953 ETHICS FOR POLICY DECISIONS. By Wayne Leys, Ph.D., '30,Prentice-Hall, Inc., New York. $4.75.I had no trouble reading Mr. Leys'book. In fact, I enjoyed it, enjoyedit so much that I read it continuously.And I am convinced that others wouldread it with similar enthusiasm. Nowto explain my enthusiasm: reading it,I got the impression that Mr. Leys is,as the Quakers say, a concerned man.Furthermore, it is obvious that hisconcern stimulated the book, and notvice versa. I am sure that Mr. Leysasked himself prior to writing thebook, "How do the political philosophers speak to my concern and theworld's condition?" He then proceedsto reply to this question in a uniquelyconceived way.In the first half, he begins by delineating what is meant by ethics andwhat by policy, then moves from utilitarian calculation (the ethics ofJeremy Bentham), through casuistry,consistency with ideals, the ethics ofSocrates and Plato, Kant on consistency, stoics and pseudo-stoics, Aristotle's golden mean, the ethics of thepsychologists, the historical logic ofHegel and Marx, Dewey's instrumental thinking, and finally the semantic approach to wisdom. In thesecond half he applies his insights tosuch situations as school policies inChicago and Pasadena, the Japanese -American relocation camps, and so on.Situations which, as I recall them,are accurately and sympatheticallydescribed.The relation between the ideas ofthe philosophers and the action resulting from the idea, comes through.Comes through so well, in fact, thatI caught myself asking whether Ishould not stop acting so precipitiouslyin the future, and analyze my reasonsfor what I do. But I decided againstthis kind of meditation, because I concluded that it takes too long to isolatethe particular reasons for any givenact. In other words, we act out ofthose things which are assimilatedinto our being rather than from thosethings which can be articulated. (Atleast I do.)The deepest impression that thebook made on me was its magnificentmarriage of theory and illustration, resulting in sharpened understandingof the theory. It so happened that thebook I read just before starting Mr.Leys', contained the quintessence oftheory. In order to get the point ofthe other book I had to read and reread. Not so with ETHICS FORPOLICY DECISIONS, which resembles the readings found in Jewishfolklore, where the Rabbi relatestheory and fact in parables. For example, when he quotes from the discourses of Epictetus (page 81) aboutthe anxieties of men who want attention, or the men under pressure whosound like Harold Ickes, I almostcringed, because the relevancy was soreal.All these inter-relations are carefully documented, indicating the patient and diligent research engaged in.However, all these footnotes didn'timpress me nearly as much as thefact that the author's conclusions rangsubjectively true. Sometimes I wishthat more people would take the riskof reading, thinking, and integratingwhat they feel. But probably Mr.Leys does this in his classroom, where19CHICAGOWEDGWOODThe Chicago memorial dinnerplates by Wedgwood have beendelayed in production because ofartist changes which the committee feels will greatly improvetheir attractiveness.The towers of Mitchell, Harper,and the Chapel, and Hull Gatewill now dominate the center ofthe plates — with white space leading to the border, which will bedesigned from the rosettes onRyerson Laboratory.These sets will not be ready fordelivery until after Christmas, butyou will approve of the delaywhen you see them.They will sell for $12.00 perset, delivered.If you wish to see pictures ofthe set, when they are ready, dropus a card and we will place you onour preferred list. Those whohave sent cards need not repeattheir tentative orders.The Alumni Association,5733 University Avenue,Chicago 37, Illinois'When Our Ship Comes In "The little girl rested her elbows onthe table, cupped her chin in her handsand said, "Mommy, do we have a ship?"Peg Grayson looked up from the hemshe was stitching and said, "Why, Gloria!What an odd question! Why do you askthat?""Well, yesterday when you and Daddywere talking about why we couldn't go tothe lake this summer, Daddy said thatmaybe we'd all go on a long trip when ourship comes in, and . . ."Peg Grayson laughed. "Oh, that! It'sjust something people say, Gloria. Itmeans — well, that they hope good fortunewill come to them some day. Not a real,actual ship, but . . ." She went on to explain as well as she could.No, it was not a real, actual ship, Pegthought after Gloria had left her to hersewing. But wouldn't it be nice if. . . .She frowned at the hem she was turning.With the cost of living what it was, sheand Ben would be lucky if they ever managed to do anything extravagant. Andthen, on top of it all, Jack Wilson hadbeen trying to get Ben to take out somemore life insurance, of all things. That, she decided, was not the way fora husband to spend his money. After all,if worse did come to worst, she couldalways get a job doing something. House-cleaning, even. To Peg, death and insurance went hand in hand — and she preferred not to think of either.That evening Jack Wilson stopped in totalk with Ben and Peg Grayson about thelife insurance again, and during the discussion Peg mentioned their daughter'squestion about their "ship." Both menlaughed. "It wouldhe. wonderful, though,"Peg said, "to discover some day that suddenly we were able to go on a nice longcruise or something like that. . . ."Jack Wilson smiled. "Look, folks —that's exactly the point I've been tryingto make! Because even though the primary purpose of this insurance is to protect Peg and Gloria, it can also build upinto a nice-sized cash fund for your lateryears."Peg suddenly found herself listeningwith greater interest. cussion took place, and a great manythings have happened since. Gloria, the"little girl," is married now and has twochildren of her own — a boy, six, and agirl, three. Her parents, Peg and BenGrayson, have moved to a cottage in alittle seaside town, where they are livingquietly and peacefully on income fromBen's New York Life insurance policies.They have a small boat which they keepanchored in a nearby cove, and they gofishing quite a lot.You wouldn't call the boat a ship,exactly. But it did come in!few occupations offer a man so much Inthe way of personal reward as life underwriting. Many New York Life agents arebuilding very substantial futures for themselves by helping others plan ahead fortheirs. If you would like to know moreabout a life insurance career, talk it overwith the New York Life manager in yourcommunity— or write to the Home Officeat the address below.NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY51 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.It's almost thirty years since that dis- Naturally, names ustd in this story art fictitious.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe more significant learning takesplace.By inference, Mr. Leys defines theeducated man as he who can see theconsequence of his acts in the sumtotal of their relationships, and thenproves it. All of us are faced withdecisions, whether as labor arbitrators, statesmen, or as fathers andmothers in our families, and it is better that we make these decisions asrationally as we can. It is becausethis is so that I am convinced thatmore texts on government used incollege and particularly in high school.should be written as Wayne Leyswrote this book: with flesh on thebones of theory. And most certainlymore of such illustrated truth wouldbe a boon for the distressed citizenwho read the great books, and whoattempt to apply Aristotle to Chicagopolitics. In fact, when I was involvedin the Chicago school fight, which Mr.Leys describes so adequately, I nevermet a single person who said he wasinspired to help protect the schoolsby reading Plato.Wayne Leys is a more hopeful manthan I am, witness his book, whichPLAYWRIGHTS THEATRE CLUBFall, 1953 Sept. 29— Dec. 26Four Plays to Be Chosen Fromthe Following:Widowers Houses ShawThe Fields of Malfi. .Shepard*The Dybuk AnskyTwelfth Night ShakespeareThe Doctor in Spiteof Himself MoliereDoctor Knock RomainsPeer Gynt Ibsen*Premiere of a modern adaptation .1 Webster's tragedy.Membership information on request1560 North WHitehallLaSalle Street 3-2272Webb-Linn Printing Co.Catalogs, PublicationsAdvertising LiteraturePrinters of the Universityof Chicago Magazine?A. 1. Weber, J.D. '09 L. S. Berlin, B.A. '09A. i. Falick, M.B.A. '51MOnroc 6-2900 attempts to relate specialists and menof action. However, in my defense, Imight say that while in the labormovement, I constantly pleaded formore thought. But let Mr. Leys conclude by speaking for himself:"This book will have served the purpose if it helps policy makers and policyanalysts approach their cases with morevaried questions and better dreams of'asking the right questions.' An ethicaltheory is not in itself wise, but it maycontribute to the wisdom of conduct byenabling policy makers to see, prior toaction, the values that are affected byparticular decisions. The philosophicalanalysis of dated choices may not yieldfinal wisdom, but final wisdom can waituntil the last human act."Kermit EbyProfessorDivision of Social SciencesA READER'S GUIDE TO T. S.ELIOT. By George Williamson. NewYork: The Noonday Press, 1953. 248pp. $3.50.It seems unlikely that any seriouspoet, since the days of the Browningsocieties, has claimed from Americanreaders the kind of attention whichT. S. Eliot currently enjoys. Our interest in Eliot's poems — impressiveenough in their sheer magnitude — isall the more remarkable in view ofthe singular demands which they impose upon their readers. To Eliot'spoems, his plays, and his ideas on awide range of subjects, many of usseem willing to bring a close andearnest scrutiny which we rarely accord to writers of any description —let alone professional poets.Tradition and talentIt is certainly incorrect to viewEliot's poems as attractive puzzles.But it is equally incorrect to denythat they present formidable problemsRadio Station W F M T... 78 hours a dayall of it devoted to . . .serious musicdramapoetryand discussion7 a.m. to 1 a.m.105.9 on your FM dial THOMAS STERNS ELIOT, POET-CRITIC— problems to be met by the reader'sknowledge and sophistication, by hisimagination, and by his capacity fora species of dogged induction whichpersists in the absence of most of thefamiliar landmarks of conventionallogic. These poems require — we cannot disguise the term — understanding.Understanding is achieved by study;and, while poems do not exist to be"mastered," without mastery of anA discussion of one ofthe most controversialand significant issues incontemporary politicaland social philosophy.Natural Rightand HistoryBy Leo StraussThe author, a well-known political philosopher, shows that the reasons whiclihave led to the rejection of naturalright in contemporary political thoughtare not valid, and traces the history ofnatural right from the classical philosophers through Hobbes and Locke tothe present $5.00At your bookstore, or fromTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOPRESS5750 Ellis Ave., Chicago 37, III.NOVEMBER, 1953 21important kind, our final response tothem is, at best, fragmentary.In A Reader's Guide to T. S. Eliot,George Williamson, Professor of English in the University of Chicago, hasaddressed himself to precisely thoselevels of inquiry where expert assistance is entirely legitimate andsorely needed. The most notoriousdifficulties which we have come toexpect from Eliot's verse derive fromhis view of the union between thepoet's art and that of his predecessor's — and with, in fact, the entire"life of another age." Eliot employsthe thought and the art of past agesin a number of ways, which rangefrom overt, verbatim borrowing insuch crucial places as his customaryepigraphs to what Mr. Williamson describes as "conversion in his use ofthe manner or attitude of anotherpoet." The mere identification of thesederivative elements is enormously important, and this is a task which Mr.Williamson has performed conscientiously and almost exhaustively.His accomplishment in this connection, however, amounts to far morethan mere "source -hunting." Relyingto just the proper extent on Eliot's ownviews of "tradition and the individualtalent," Mr. Williamson is able to reveal, both in his lucid introduction andin his discussions of the individualpoems, more of the precise ways inwhich Eliot actually "borrows" and"alludes" (Mr. Williamson makes aninteresting distinction between thetwo) than we shall ever learn fromreading Eliot's own critical theory.And, with a superb sense of relevance,he provides us with sources, influences, and other materials from outside the texts only to the extent thatthey genuinely illuminate the poemsthemselves.Such contributions are the productof conscientious and judicious scholarship; but Mr. Williamson assists usfar beyond this point. Even Eliothimself anticipates lapses in his reader's erudition and, as in the case ofThe Waste Land, provides us withoccasional, indispensable notes. Butneither Eliot nor his critics and interpreters have dealt with the particulardifficulties posed by Eliot's structure— difficulties which, though they maydiffer, as Mr. Williamson implies, onlyin degree, from those we encounterin reading most poetry, ask for almostparadoxically concurrent skills andattitudes on the part of the reader.For our progress through this poetrymust be made in terms of associaterather than logical relationships,through nimble but controlled imaginings, and through the ability to viewimages now as mere symbols or stim uli and again as the very essence ofthe poetic argument.In his analysis of individual poemsas well as in his initial suggestions toEliot's readers, Mr. Williamson displays what one is tempted to call asystematic sensitivity. He is scrupulous in his recognition of source andallusion, of the technical and similarly "accidental" reasons for variousprosodic and structural aspects of thepoems, and of the need for consistencyand probability in his explanation ofeach step in the development of everypoem. He insists, at the same time,that "poetry as meaning ist neitherplain sense nor nonsense, but a formof imaginative sense." He suggests inhis "Postscript," as he did many yearsago in his book called The Talent ofT. S. Eliot, that, while the visibleorganizing principle of a poem is itsindispensable "scaffold," the structureerected thereon is essentially emotional.Prufrock dividedThe important test of Mr. Williamson's approach to Eliot lies in hisreadings of the individual poems, andthese are uniquely satisfactory. Tomention only the most familiar of all,The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrockis given the kind of complete illumination which many a student has longwished for. Mr. Williamson, to besure, will probably not silence all"interpretations." Those who insist,for example, that the "you and I" ofthe first line must, by virtue of theANTHROPOLOGYArmchair travellers should get muchenjoyment out of this list of readings,compiled by Donald Collier, Lecturerin Anthropology, and Curator ofSouth American Ethnology andArchaeology, Chicago Natural HistoryMuseum. These books can be yourseven-league boots for a stay-at-homejourney to far-off lands and cultures.RED MAN'S AMERICA. By RuthM. Underhill 400 pp., 53 illus., 11maps, $5.50. University of ChicagoPress, 1953.This beautifully illustrated book bya leading authority covers the panorama of Indian history from the first title, represent a lover and his beloved, will doubtless continue toquibble, even though Mr. Williamson'sview of a divided Prufrock's conflicting selves accounts for the generalmovement and most important particulars of the entire work.If we insist on knowing the history,location, and dimensions of the roomwhere "the women come and go, talking of Michelangelo," Mr. Williamson's emphasis only on the juxtaposition of the trivial and the heroic willleave us unsatisfied. But the methodof this study is remarkable both forwhat the author does and for what herefuses to do. "Only an ordered context can control the range of meaningset off by a single word," he tells us.He achieves this order by provisionalobservation and inference; when it isestablished we not only have theanswers to the important questions,but are aware what questions are irrelevant and what answers idly speculative.Occasions when the professionalscholar can be of genuine and directhelp to the common reader are lamentably rare. Our interest in Eliot'spoetry and our rather wistful willingness to be guided to a better understanding of it have long furnishedsuch an occasion. With neither pedantry nor condescension, Mr. Williamson has responded to this need andgiven us a study which is rigorous,intelligible, and thoroughly profitable.Edward Rosenheim, Jr.,Assistant ProfessorHumanities (College)discovery of America by Indians 15,000years ago to the present, with a lookinto the future of Indian groups inthe United States. The language isnon-technical and readable, the factsare reliable and up-to-date. In herpreface the author says, "It is timethat the average citizen should havesome picture of the red man, not as afigure of myth or children's games,but as a fellow- citizen, with problemsimportant to us all." Anyone whoreads this book will gain such a picture.THE ART OF ANCIENT PERU.By Heinrich U. Doering. 55 pp., 244plates (4 in color), map, $12.50. Fred-erick A. Praeger, New York, 1952.This handsomely printed book con-S\eader£ Guide22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtains over 400 superbly reproducedphotographs of the architecture, sculpture, textiles, ceramics, and metalwork of ancient Peru. The materialis grouped according to style andarchaeological period and is accompanied by an accurate and usefulcatalogue on the pieces illustrated.This book will be a delight to anyoneinterested in Peru or in art and handcrafts.DIGGING BEYOND THE TIGRIS.By Linda Braidwood. 297 pp., 50illus., $4.50. Henry Schuman, NewYork, 1953.A lively, vivid account of life on adig at Jarmo in the Kurdish hills ofIraq. The author is an archaeologistand veteran of several expeditions tothe Near East, the wife of Robert J.Braidwood, director of the Jarmo expedition, and the mother of two children, who were also on the dig. Sheand her husband are on the staff ofthe Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Mrs. Braidwood givesa colorful, informative, and lighthearted account of archaeologists atwork, Near Eastern style, and of howthe expedition investigated the earliest stage of settled village life in Iraq,which developed 6500 years ago andwas the first step toward civilization.AMAZON TOWN: A STUDY OFMAN IN THE TROPICS. By CharlesWagley. 305 pp., illus., $5.00. Macmil-lan, New York, 1953.Readers who were fascinated byMarsten Bates' Where Winter NeverComes: A Study of Man and Naturein the Tropics (Scribner's, 1952) willbe interested in this description ofthe way of life in a river-bank townon the lower Amazon in Brazil. Thisstudy is placed in the broader settingof the problems of cultural adjustmentand economic development in theAmazonian tropics. The illustrationsare beautiful line drawings by theBrazilian artist, Joao Jose Rescala.ANTHROPOLOGY TODAY: ANENCYCLOPEDIC INVENTORY.Compiled under the chairmanship ofA. L. Kroeber. 966 pp., charts, $9.00.University of Chicago Press, 1953.This four-pound tome contains fiftypapers on various facets of anthropology prepared as a basis for the discussion at an international symposium onanthropology held in New York in1952. The papers cover both biological and cultural aspects of anthropology with respect to theory, method, results, and application. This volumeis not suitable for casual reading, butanyone who is interested in anthropology or thinks he might be interested can learn from browsing andoccasional concentrated reading thepresent nature and scope of the "science of man" and the directions inwhich it is likely to develop.THE PRIMITIVE WORLD ANDITS TRANSFORMATIONS. By Robert Redfield. 185 pp., $3.50. CornellUniversity Press, Ithaca, 1953.In this book Professor Redfield examines the transformations of man'sworld view and system of values thatINDIAN MASK OF "FALSE FACE SOCIETY"From RED MAN'S AMERICA— (The Press)occurred with the rise of civilization.He is concerned with the fundamentaldifferences in the moral order ofcivilized and precivilized or primitivesocieties. He concludes that althoughthe rational demonstration of what isgood is a philosophical rather than ananthropological problem, the trendsof ethical judgment through the sweepof human history do furnish an empirical basis for making value judgments. He shows that anthropologists, despite their official credo ofcultural and ethical relativism, do infact make value judgments in theirwork, and that they must inevitablydo so.BRIEFLY NOTEDOf a more specialized nature, butof interest, the following books by faculty members have been publishedin recent months:ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION OFAGRICULTURE. By Theodore W.Schultz. McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1953.$5.50.A leading authority on agriculturaleconomics, Mr. Schultz, Professor(Economics) is concerned in this volume about the contributions agriculture can make to economic development. Likewise, he traces the majoradjustments agriculture must make asa consequence of economic development. Since he sees both the contributions and the adjustments largelydependent upon economic organization, he devotes a major part of thisstudy to organizational possibilities.His concern about economic instability in relation to agriculture leads himto a consideration of ways of eliminating or reducing the instability.THE FAMILY IN THE AMERICAN ECONOMY. By Hazel Kyrk.University of Chicago Press, 1953.$6.00.This book is the first systematicpresentation of the economics of family life in the modern American economy. Placing her subject in the context of major national problems andtrends, the author clarifies the economic role of the family in relation toincome, standards of living, and costof living, as affected by market structure, inflation, family practices, etc.She traces the changes in the familyand its pattern of spending and givesdetailed attention to insurance andfamily savings programs. Miss Kyrkis Professor Emeritus of Home Economics and Economics.THUNDERSTORM ELECTRICITY.Edited by Horace Byers. Universityof Chicago Press, 1953. $6.This volume is a collection of articles by 20 specialists meeting at theUniversity of Chicago under the jointsponsorship of the Geophysical Research Directorate of the U. S. AirForce and the University's Department of Meteorology. The papers represent the latest and best informationon the structure of thunderstorms,their role in the general electricalbalance of the world, their effectson aircraft and power lines, the nature of their electrical charge, methods of long-distance location of thunderstorms, and the nature of lightning.Mr. Byers is Professor and Chairman, Department of Meteorology.NOVEMBER, 1953 23ClaAA1902Mabel K. Whiteside, AM '15, PhD '32,who is Head of the Greek department atRandolph-Macon Woman's College, directed a performance of Aeschylus' Ecu-menides last May. The play was givenin Greek in the out-door theatre at theCollege.1903Frank L. Griffin, SM '04, PhD '08, will4 be Visiting Professor of Mathematics atSophie Newcomb College this year.News comes from Grace O. Randall inChico, Calif., that she is enjoying herretirement and "keeping too busy tobe bored — doing club work and knittingfor my family."1906Ingrham D. Hook of Kansas City,Mo., was appointed attorney for the Reconstruction Finance Corp.Lucy Porter McCurdy is a Chicagoresident again after many years in Toronto, Canada, now that her husband,Dr. John R. McCurdy is the new president of George Williams College.1907Harry Cowles was elected to grade ofFellow in The American Institute ofChemists in recognition of his contributions to the advancement of chemistry.Guy C. Crippen, AM '12, DB '12, aretired pastor, is teaching in the CountyUnion High School in Madera, Calif.,where the Crippens have their own home.1909Renslow P. Sherer, of Highland Park,has added to his numerous civic under-Gunsaulus giftsHelen Gunsaulus took the occasion of the 45th anniversary ofher graduation in 1908 to keepalive the tradition started yearsago by her eminent father. FrankW. Gunsaulus, of contributing tothe manuscript collection of theUniversity Libraries.Miss Gunsaulus' latest gift is theoriginal manuscript of Walt Whitman's "The Bible as Poetry" andalso five letters and autographs ofNew England poets: WashingtonIrving, Oliver Wendell Holmes,Henry W. Longfellow, WilliamCullen Bryant, and Ralph WaldoEmerson who wrote on behalf ofhis "good friend, Thoreau."These interesting documentshave been added to the valuableGunsaulus materials in the Library's manuscript collection. JVewstakings by taking an active part in raising funds for Channel 11, the proposededucational television station for the Chicago area. Mr. Sherer writes, "Thesponsors are the leading universities andcultural organizations of this area andthe trustees are 15 prominent citizens."1910Augusta Hasslock Kemp, SM, Head ofthe science department at Seymour HighSchool, Seymour, Texas, is continuingher research on lower permian cephalo-pods.Dr. Hazel Kyrk, PhD '20, was awardedthe degree of Doctor of Humane Lettersby Ohio Wesleyan University last springwhen that institution celebrated its 100thAnniversary of Women attending theschool. Dr. Kyrk, who studied for twoyears at Ohio Wesleyan, was one ofWe like to give credit wherecredit is due, but Dr. Daniel T.Quigley, MD, has informed us thatin his c^se we've overdone it abit. In the October Class Noteswe gave him credit for being forten years president of the American College of Surgeons. In theinterest of accuracy, he has informed us that it was the NebraskaSection of the American Collegeof Surgeons which he headedduring that time.four Ohio Wesleyan women so honored.She is Professor Emeritus of Home Economics at the University of Chicago.1911Florence Catlin Brown sent regretsthat she couldn't attend the Alumni reunion last June to see her sister, JessieBrown Marsh, receive her alumni citation. "The civil service at Naval AirStation has me lashed to the mast, butI'll be there, God willing, in 1961 tohelp E-o-eleven celebrate its fiftieth."1913Frank E. Brown, PhD '18, long-timemember of the Department of Chemistryat Iowa State College, keeps more thanbusy these days holding committee assignments, reading theses, in additionto meetings of the American ChemicalSociety and the Iowa Academy of Science. He also directs the Iowa ScienceTalent Search.Mima Maxey, AM, PhD '36, recommends a simple formula for enjoyment:"retirement plus a garden equals fun."Her home — and garden — are in Carlyle,111.1914Minnie Frost Rands, SM, has movedfrom Washington, D. C., to Lake Wales, Hook's TourInghram D. Hook. '05, well-known Kansas City, Mo., attorney,and his wife are spending a monthtouring Europe, with Portgual,Spain and Italy the highlights intheir itinerary. Making Rometheir headquarters, the couple arevisiting Mrs. Hook's sister, Mrs.Carlo Gino Verranzi, who residesin the Italian capital.They spent a few days sightseeing the colorful Balearic Islandsoff the southeastern coast of Spain.The Hooks expect to fly back, returning in mid-October.Mr. Hook was president of theKansas City Bar Association in1930 and '31, and president of theMissouri Bar Association in 1938and '39. He served the Universityof Chicago as president of theAlumni Club in Kansas City in1941, and as regional advisor forthe Alumni. Foundation from 1948through 1951.Fla. Her husband, Dr. R. D. Rands, hasrecently retired as Head of rubber investigations, U. S. Department of Agriculture, after 32 years with the bureau ofplant industry. The Rands are buildinga home at Lake O' the Hills.Rudy Matthews reports that "Princeton in the spring and fall, Winter Park,Fla., for the winter months, and Mainein the summer makes a delightful schedule." His daughter was married in June.Rudy is "tuning up" for the 40th reunion of his Class in June.Sarah Reinwald Levinson sends newsof her "all-University" family: JudithLevinson Miller has two girls, ages 3and 2, while her twin sister, Ruth Levinson Breyer has two boys. Ruth's husband is chief engineer with MidwestHeating Co. (Chicago). The Breyersrecently built a home in Glencoe. SonDaniel, '48, is a medical student at theUniversity, and Mrs. Levinson has beenstudying herself for several years at theMedill School of Journalism.Derwent Whittlesey, PhD '20, Professorof Geography at Harvard since 1928, wasawarded a D. Sc. degree by Beloit College in June.Edna Winch Simmons, AM '41, writesthat her son, William, was awarded hisbachelor's degree from Carleton Collegein June, and was graduated with distinction in his department of physics.He was elected to Sigma Xi and PhiBeta Kappa. He has a teaching fellowship at the University of Illinois thisfall where he will do graduate work inphysics.1916Margaret Hess Callahan returned thissummer from a six month's stay in Europe, mostly England. She studied painting, and saw the Coronation by helpingwith the Women's Volunteer Services,serving tea to the Metropolitan Police.John Roser won a prize given by theFine Arts String Quartette for writinga musical criticism on one of their concerts given weekly on Sunday eveningson the American Broadcasting Company.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1917Dr. Florence O. Austin, MD '18, hasretired from the Veterans Administration Hospital, and has accepted an appointment on the staff of the MendocinoState Hospital in Talmage, California.Helen M. Strong, PhD '21, writes thatalthough she has retired from her geographic work for the U. S. governmentin Washington, D. C, she is now teaching geography at Elmhurst College, 111.,and enjoying it immensely.1918James Cooley, AM, is dean of students,Shattuck School, Faribault, Minn.Clarence McClean, AM, is retired now,and living in Los Angeles, Calif., but helooks back on a busy career which included two five-year periods of missionwork (Friends) in Cuba, three yearsteaching at George Fox College, New-berg, Ore.; four years at Whittier Collegein California; and 12 years at Los Angeles City College.Lester C. Smith, AM '31, retired fromthe U. of C. Laboratory School in Juneafter serving on the faculty as shopteacher since 1927. His many outsideinterests will more than keep him busyas he maintains his contacts with CampMinocqua, supervising the shop theresummers; works with the YMCA andBillet-douxIt's always a pleasure to hearfrom Evangeline Marsh Williams,'98. Her cordial letters reflect anabiding appreciation of what theUniversity has meant in her lifeand the lives of her daughters andare full, too, of appreciation — musicto our ears — of the work of theAlumni Association.In her June letter, she wrote,"What a success this year's Alumnireunion was! From differentsources I have heard words ofpraise. My Evangeline, '28, (Mrs.Henry Stewart) had a wonderfultime. At the Emeritus luncheonshe sat near a classmate of mine,Mr. Paul Mandiville. When shetold him I often spoke of the thennew University down by the FerrisWheel, he remarked, 'Tell yourMother I'm far ahead of her. I'vehad fun riding on that FerrisWheel.' "Mrs. Williams' letter beams withpride over the accomplishments ofher four daughters. Isabelle, '26,(Mrs. Arthur Holt) is a teacher ofart in the Phoenix, Ariz., publicschools.Winifred, '26, (Mrs. Russell Wise)is executive secretary of the Independent Artists Association of Tucson, Ariz.Evangeline is a librarian in theoffice of the American Medical Association in Chicago, and Edwarda,'29, (Mrs. Wilbur White) is counselor of women at the Universityof Southern California.Her note concludes with, "Lifeis full and rich for my girls. Ofcourse, it is because the U. of C.taught them values of life in theiryouth." its camp program; and maintains contact with the farm of his childhood.No doubt Leila Venable Hager, AM'26, is wishing she could do a repeat thisDecember of the trip she took lastChristmas to Honolulu. She had 15 daysthere. "A wonderful place," she writes,"with everything to attract the newcomer."Harlow L. Walster, PhD, was awardedan honorary doctorate of science degreeby North Dakota Agricultural Collegelast June. Dr. Walster retired from thefaculty of the College this past summerafter 34 years of service. He went toNDAC in 1919 as an agronomist, becamedean of the School of Agriculture in1924, and in 1934 director of the NorthDakota Experiment Station.1920Joseph Jelinek, Rush MD, was married last spring to the former MargaretJerabek of Hollywood, Calif.1921Irma Costello, Head of the socialstudies department, Omaha Central HighSchool, had a Coe Fellowship at theConference on American Studies at theUniversity of Wyoming in August.Zelma Owen Morton was busy in thespring with the wedding of her daughter, Mary, on June 27. Earlier in theyear, she spent three months in Europevisiting seven countries. Her husband,Avery Morton, X '20, is director of thegovernment rubber project at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.William M. Potts, SM '27, PhD '37,writes that his son, William E, was married last June to the former Barbara AnnBair of Mission, Kan. Young Bill is astudent at Southwestern Medical Schoolin Dallas, Texas.1922Edward J. Brown, AM, has been promoted to the rank of Associate Professor of Russian at Brown University,where he has been on the faculty since1946.Leona Fay Briggs served this springas chairman of the Alumni Foundationdrive in Valparaiso, Ind. She writes,"Due to this and its resultant correspondence with the Chicago headquarters, I have felt more in touch with myAlma Mater than I have for many years.I only regret that I never can seem toattend reunions since moving to theHoosier 'Vale of Paradise.' " Sidney J. French remains at his postas Dean of Faculty, Colgate University,and Director of Division of Natural Science and Mathematics.George W. Martin, PhD, a specialistin molds responsible for fabric decayand other fungi, is the new head ofthe University of Iowa botany department. Dr. Martin is editor-in-chief of"Mycologia," journal on fungi research,and also curator of the Iowa cryptogamicharbarium.Martin succeeds graduate Dean WalterLoehwing, '20, SM '21, PhD '25, who willnow give full-time attention to theUniversity of Iowa's growing graduatecollege.Agnes Reid (Mrs. Charles Winner)assumed the presidency last May of theWoman's Club of Upper Montclair fora two-year term. She's a busy ladynow, guiding the many activities of the50-year old organization.Hermann H. Thornton, AM, PhD '25,(Advertisement)ROCKEFELLERcould afford to pay $6, $7, $8, $9, andmore for vitamins. Can you? We havedeveloped a system of distributing vitamins by mail order only which will saveyou up to 50%. Eliminate the commission of 4 or 5 middlemen. 20 elementformula with ALL vitamins and mineralsfor which need has been established,plus 6 others. 100 capsules — $3.15. We payall postage in continental United States.Write today for free literature:SPRINGER & DASHNAU(U. of Chicago, AB '51, AM '52)3125 Miller St., Dept. A, Phila. 34, Pa.Telephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Fi^isT826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLT. A. REHNQUIST CO.voyEST. 1929CONCRETEFLOORS — SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAIR WORKCONCRETE BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WALLS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7-0433NOVEMBER, 1953 25continues in his position as Head ofthe Department of Foreign Languagesat Michigan State College.1923Joseph E. Arrington's monograph,"Leon D. Pomarede's Panorama of theMississippi River" was published in theApril, '53, issue of the Missouri Historical Society Bulletin. The article tellsof the contribution the French artistand well-known panoramist of his day,made to American scenic art.Norman W. Beck, PhD '41, is Associate Professor of Social Studies at NewJersey State Teachers' College in JerseyCity. He wrote the article on New Jersey for the current revision of theEncyclopedia Britannica. He and hiswife, Evelyn, have a son, Peter, who issix years old.Clara Rathfon, of Logansport, Ind., haswon praise for her work with the Indiana legislature in the interest of teachers' welfare. She is president of theIndiana Retired Teachers' Association.Howard E. Wilson, AM '27, took officeon November 1 as secretary of the Educational Policies Commission, an organization sponsored jointly by the NationalEducation Association and the AmericanAssociation of School Administrators.Formerly on the faculty of Harvard University, Mr. Wilson is also executiveassociate of the Carnegie Endowmentfor International Peace.1924William S. Hockman, AM, for 25 yearsdirector of religious education at Lake-wood Presbyterian Church in Cleveland,resigned July 1 in order to "rest, studyand write." He has written widely onreligious education and motion picturesand since 1946 has edited the churchdepartment of Educational Screen magazine. His book, Projected Visual Aidsin the Church was published in 1947.John S. Millis, SM, PhD '37, who wasformerly president of the University ofVermont, is now president of WesternReserve University.David J. Shipman, JD '27, is a master-in-chancery for the U. S. District Courtin Chicago.Savilla Millis Simons, AM '26, a State HOWARD E. WILSON, '23Department official, has been appointedgeneral secretary of the National Boardof the YWCA. She assumed her dutiesin September following her governmentpost where she was director of the Manpower and Community Services Staff ofthe TCA.1925The College of Wooster honored Dr.Ralph Alexander, PhD, at the June convocation when he was awarded an LL.Ddegree. Dr. Alexander is Professor ofMarketing, Graduate School of Business,Columbia University.Fay Berger Karpf, PhD, has publisheda book, The Psychology and Psychotherapy of Otto Rank. Dr. Karpf isdoing personality counseling and psychotherapy in Beverly Hills, Calif.George E. Downing has been appointeda full professor in the Department ofArt at Brown University. A specialistin modern art, he has been departmentchairman for four years.Edwin F. George, DB, is retiring this year after 39 years of teaching at Evangelical Theological Seminary in Naper-ville, 111.Matthew Margolis continues to workhard in the wholesale florist business inAlbany, N. Y. The Margolises have threechildren.S. Paul Perry, MD, has been nameddirector of the Watts Hospital Department of Radiology in Durham, N. C. Hecame to his present post after servingas radiologist at the Guthrie Clinic andthe Robert Packer Hospital, Sayre, Pa.The Perrys have three children: Linda,11, Lucinda, 8, and Jo Ellen, 6.V. Dodge Simons, Jr., owns and operates the Baltimore Wire and Iron Workswhich he acquired in 1940 after its 150thanniversary.Watt Stewart, AM, PhD '28, wasawarded a grant from the Social ScienceResearch Council to allow him to pursueresearch last summer in Central America. He is gathering material for abiography of Minor Keith, founder ofthe United Fruit Co. The Press of theUniversity of Chile has published Stewart's book, Henry Meiggs: Yankee Pi-zorra.1926Richard B. Austin, JD, has been slatedby the Democrats in Chicago's judicialelection November 3. Austin has servedunder three state's attorneys. He is nowfirst assistant under John Gutknecht. Helives in suburban Flossmoor with hiswife and three sons. One son, RichardWilliam, is in his second year of law atNorthwestern University; another, David,is a senior at Michigan State College;and the youngest, Robert, is an eighthgrader.Catherine Baum Arnheim's daughter,Barbara Jean, was married last Juneto Frank Lieber, of Chicago.Theodore E. Fruehling, AM '34, hasbeen elected vice-president , in chargeof organization affairs for the HammondChamber of Commerce.Gustav Mietke, AM, has been servingthis year as president of the Chicagochapter of the American Association ofTeachers of Spanish and Portuguese.He is also a board member this yearof the Association of Chicago Teachers.His daughter has followed in his foot-How Much Do You Want To Earn?Opportunities for an outstanding and successful career as a representative ofthe Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, one of the ten top-ranking lifeinsurance companies in North America, are now open to alert, ambitious menof personality and character, ages 25 to 40. The Sun Life, established in 1865,invites you to give serious consideration to the excellent prospects offered bythis professional career of public service.* Expert training • Immediate income with commission and bonuses •• Generous hospitalization and retirement plans *The Branch Manager of the Sun Life office serving your territory will gladly discuss with you the advantages of aSun Life sales career. For a complete list of the Company's 700 branches in the United States and Canada, write theHead Office, 218 Sun Life Building, Montreal.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEseeps and is teaching in the third gradeat "the Berwyn, 111., elementary school.Robert B. Weaver, AM, reports thatthe fifth and last volume of Voyages inHistory (Loyola University Press) forgrades 4 to 8 has been published. Mr.Weaver is co-author of the series withFather Joseph Cox and Mother MarieMadeleine Ansy. Mr. Weaver is superintendent of schools, Goshen, Ind.1927Elizabeth Garrison Crawford is stillbusy as executive secretary of the OgleCounty Chapter of the Red Cross andas the wife of a very busy minister inOregon, 111.Hinman Harris, SM '28, MD '35, hasrounded out a year's residence in University City, Mo., where his medicalpractice is limited to diseases of thechest. He is a full time staff physicianat the Robert Koch Hospital.Ralph E. Schenck, AM, and his wife,Frieda, 23, AM '33, are both still teaching in Valparaiso, Ind.; Ralph in thehigh school there, and Frieda in Valparaiso University. Their son, Bob, is ahigh school senior.William E. Vaughan, PhD '29, is nowhead of the organic chemistry department at Shell Development Co.'s Emeryville, Calif., research center. Vaughanhas been with the Company for 16 yearsand in charge of the reaction kineticsdepartment since 1943.1928Lyle Harper's notes are postmarked"Rancho Mirage," California, where heis owner and manager of an apartmentbuilding nine miles from Palm Springs.His son, Lyle, Jr. '42, is living in PacificPalisades with his wife and two children,Lyle III and Katharine. His youngerson, Peter Gray Harper, is married andliving in Dayton, Ohio, where he worksfor the Pure Oil Co.Mary Holoubek Zimmerman writesthat the family has moved to Milwaukee,and that they have entered their nine-year old daughter, Mimi, in the LowerSchool of Milwaukee Downer Seminary.Leon H. Lewis, of Highland Park, whohas been an associate member of Crut-tenden & Eger, Chicago advertisingagency, for more than 25 years, is nowone of the managers of the company.Caroline W. Riechers, a librarian atthe Rush Medical College library, wasmarried last April to Dr. Otto FredericKampmeier, Professor of History ofMedicine, University of Illinois Collegeof Medicine.Elizabeth Roe Milius and her familyhave joined the migration westward andmoved from St. Louis last year to BelAir, Los Angeles where their threeyoungsters keep them on their toes.1929Ernest Brock, AM, has been on thestaff of Lybrand, Ross Bros., and Montgomery, Certified Public Accountants inDetroit this past year, after an absenceof nine years convalescence due to anauto accident.George Chazanow, who is vice-president and director of the Stone ContainerCorp., in Chicago, has two grown-updaughters: Barbara, a junior in theSchool of Journalism at the Universityof Missouri; and Elaine, a junior atHyde Park High School.Gloria Leven Boehr, AM '31, is very DISTINCTIVE SPORTWEARwith Brooks Brothers outstandingindividuality and good tasteIn addition to traditional favorites such as ourtweed sport jackets, Tattersall vests, and purecashmere sweaters we have many interesting newitems for active or casual sport wear, including:(shown) Suede jacket, made on our own mo del , In afine camel shade. Welt edges, full lining, $80Red or green flannel vest, Tattersall lapels, $25Tan whipcord trousers with backs trap, $27.50Patterned English cotton twill sport shirts, $ 1 2.50P. &? C. Habig Austrian sport hats, $ 1 8 and $20And attractive new short coats for blustery weatherESTABLISHED 1818|fen'0 furnishings, Pats ^jfhoes346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.1 1 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N. Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANCELES • SAN FRANCISCONOVEMBER, 1953 27LA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther PlantsBoston — New York — Philadelphia —Syracuse — Cleveland — Detroit"You Might As Well Have The Best"Phones OAlcland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAlcland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendantsW. B. Gonkey Co.Division ofRand McNally & CompanyCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEW YORKSince T885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, III.TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMUseum 4-4500AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing Departments pleased with her lovely home in West-wood, Calif., and keeps busy taking careof her home, two children, garden, andvarious activities.Charlotte Millis, a Chicago sculptor, isHead of the Arts and Crafts Departmentat George Williams College.Lillian Schelsna is a high school bedside teacher at the University of ChicagoClinics.Reuben and Ellen Bassett Swenson report that their daughter, Caroline, isstudying at the University with the Committee on Social Thought. The Swensonslive in Whiting, Ind., where Mr. Swenson is a chemist with the Standard OilCo.1930Mary S. Allen is teaching a primarygroup of deaf children in the Day Schoolfor the Deaf in Madison, Wis.Isee Connell, MD, and his wife attendedthe medical alumni luncheon in NewYork City last June and found pleasurein renewing old acquaintances. Theyspent the summer in New England withplans to go to Nova Scotia before returning to Jacksonville, Fla., where theylive in retirement. Dr. Connell has beenchairman of the Jacksonville U. of C.alumni club for the past two years andthe alumni drive there has gone overthe top both years — which makes Dr.Connell, and the alumni, and the Foundation, very pleased.Frank D. Elmer, Jr., DB, and his wife,the former Margaret Nelson, '27, are justifiably proud of their handsome, modernchurch— the First Baptist Church, inFlint, Michigan, where Mr. Elmer isminister. The structure is an outstanding example of the trend toward functional, simple church architecture, basedon the needs of the congregation. Architectural plans for the edifice were firstbegun by Eliel Saarinen with the helpof his son, Erro, and completed by hisson-in-law, J. Robert Swanson. Thebuilding is placed on a site of sevenand a half acres, which includes a largeparking area, two acres of beautifulwoodland, and a three-acre playground.William S. Hoffman, MD, has been appointed medical director of the SidneyHillman Medical Centre of the ChicagoJoint Board of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. The Centrewill be built sometime in 1954.Romeo R. Legault, PhD, took up a newpost in July as Professor and Chairmanof the Department of Agricultural Chemistry at Washington State College.1931Marcus Black, MD, has been electedpermanent assistant and associate chiefof service in dermatology at the Newark, N. J., City Hospital. He was alsoelected to associate membership in theAmerican Academy of Dermatology andSyphilology. He recently wrote an article for Clinical Medicine which dealtwith the therapeutic contribution ofVitamin E in the treatment of variousskin disorders.1932Charlotte Duesing Morehouse, AM '34,has moved to New Orleans.Alvin D. Reiwitch has rejoined theChicago advertising firm of Bozell &Jacobs, Inc., as vice-president, after anabsence from the company of six years.He is in charge of the home furnishings Wildlife artistDevotees of the National Geographic need no introduction tothe artistry of Walter Weber, '27,one of America's best known wildlife artists.His works have been exhibitedand praised for their remarkableblend of scientific accuracy andnaturalistic quality which heachieves "by a subtle and sophisticated use of color."From a Washington, D. C, Postdispatch announcing his exhibit inExplorers Hall, we glean this praiseand biographical data:"Walter Weber's entire life hasbeen directed at perfecting his artas a wildlife painter. An earlyinterest in plants and animals andbirds around his native Chicago,and a talent for drawing, led himto combine a college major in zoology and botany with the studyof art."Upon graduation he became ascientific ' illustrator in the FieldMuseum at Chicago, and had hisfirst taste of exploration as artistand ornithologist with the museum's Cornelius Crane PacificExpedition to the South Seas."Painting fish in Bermuda andbirds in British Columbia added tohis experience, as did a tour ofduty as a wildlife technician inTexas and Oklahoma before theNational Park Service brought himto Washington as its chief scientific illustrator."Weber's first contribution to theNational Geographic magazine wasin 1939, a series of animal portraitsentitled 'Antlered Majesties,' andthis opened wide the doors of opportunity. He became a staff member of the National Geographic in1949."Weber works with live animalswhere possible, supplementing hisfield experiences with his own photographic records of wildlife, oflandscapes, and of all the details,botanical and otherwise, of theenvironment."and drug products division of Bozell &Jacobs in the Chicago office.Mary Waller sends warm greetings toher classmates. She had an interestingsummer at the French School, Middle-bury College, although perhaps not asexciting as her summer in 1952 when sheattended the Institute de Phdnetique atthe University of Paris. She is back ather post at MacMurray College, Jacksonville, 111., where she teaches French.1933Vernon Jaeger returned from Koreaand assumed the duties of corps chaplainin June. This post gives him responsibility of inspecting chaplains' trainingactivities in eight western states as wellas being responsible for local chaplains'activities at Fort MacArthur, Calif.Anna McCracken writes that her trip— via air — to the Caribbean last spring isstill vivid in her memory. She had atwo -week's leave of absence from herteaching post in Kansas University'sSchool of Extension in order to visit the28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIsland of Jamaica where she attendedthe dedicatory service for a new building connected with the American Friend'sMission.Stephen B. Straski is president of theSun Finance and Loan Co., Tampa, Fla.1934Mary K. Ascher, AM '36, finds lifeinteresting — "so much to do, see andread!" Her work with Travelers Aid Society continues to be her foremost inter-Alfred J. Benesh, MD, is busy withhis full-time position as chief radiologistat the VA Hospital in Seattle. He is alsoAssociate Professor in Radiology at theUniversity of Washington. "A warmwelcome to anyone who may come thisway," writes Dr. Benesh to fellow U. ofC.'ers.Evelyn A. Goodman has been employedfor the past 12 years by the federalgovernment as a personnel assistant. Hermost recent assignment is with the Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, in Chicago, in the position of employee utilization technician.1935Marjorie Foulkes Richards is a resident of Stamford, Conn., where her husband is chief engineer of DeLeuw andBrill, consulting engineers, New YorkCity.Ray W. Macdonald, formerly exportmanager for the Burroughs Corp., hasbeen placed in charge of sales and service operations outside the United Statesand Canada.Albert Parry, PhD '38, is Professor ofRussian Civilization and Language, andChairman of the Department of Russianat Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y.He and his wife, Louise, have two sons,9V2 and 4 years old. "All four of usenioy living in the countryside of Central New York very much indeed," Albertwrites.Robert A. Preston, AM, is beginninghis eighth year as Chaplain at the VAHospital in Topeka, minus some monthsout for military service.Charles Tyroler, II, has become amember of the firm of Anna M. Rosenberg Associates, business, industrial andpublic relations counsellors, New YorkCity. Previously, he was director of theoffice of manpower supply, Departmentof Defense.1936Wallace W. Clark is director of management for the General Shoe Corp.,Nashville, Tenn.W. Edgar Gregory, BD, has beenelected associate member of the California chapter of Sigma Xi. He is an associate professor of psychology at theCollege of the Pacific and a candidate forthe PhD in psychology at the Universityof California, Berkeley. He has had twoof his articles published recently: "Assessing Personality in College," in theJanuary '53 issue of the California Journal of Educational Research; and "LifeIs Therapeutic," in the April '53 issueof Mental Hygiene.Harriet D. Hudson, AM, PhD '50, formerly Assistant Professor of Economicsat the University of Illinois, is now Deanof Randolph-Macon Woman's College,succeeding Dr. Gillie Larew, AM '12, PhD'16, who retired at the end of the summer. Lynchburg College conferred the degree of Doctor of Divinity upon the Rev.Richard L. James, AM, DB '37, at theJune convocation. James is pastor ofthe Riverside Avenue Christian Church,Jacksonville, Fla.Irving Levitas is director of religiouseducation at Congregation B'nai Jehudahin Kansas City, Mo., and is an instructorin Jewish History and Philosophy at theUniversity of Kansas City.1937Robert Bethke has been elected vice-president of the Discount Corporation ofNew York, with which organization hehas been associated for some years.Doris Hunter has completed a year ofresidency in psychiatry at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh.She has her MD from the University ofIllinois and interned at the Universityof Chicago Clinics for a year before goingto Pittsburgh.Ruth Wolkow, SM, (Mrs. Jack Shnider)writes that her work with the NavalRadiological Defense lab in San Francisco took her to the Proving Groundsin Nevada for a few weeks where she"learned a great deal, besides gettingfull of desert dust. Jack joined me for aweekend in 'fabulous Las Vegas' andwe watched people drop $100 on theturn of a roulette wheel. Thev shouldhave drooped it to the U. of C."E. G. Youmans, AM '38. who has received his PhD from Michigan StateCollege in sociology and anthropology,is teaching sociology in the U. S. Department of Agriculture graduate school.1938Myron T. Hopper, PhD, is now Deanof the College of the Bible, after servingfor a year as Acting Dean. He taughtthis past summer at Union TheologicalSeminarv.Geraldine M. Johnston, AM '39 (Mrs.Mario Korda) is working in a clinic inLos Angeles for emotionally disturbedchildren.Jules H. Last, PhD '41, was recalledlast February to serve a second tour ofduty with the Armv Medical Corps. Hewas assigned to Letterman General Hospital in San Francisco as director ofresearch. Previously he was assistantnrofessor of experimental medicine atNorthwestern Medical School, and practicing internal medicine in HighlandPark.John D. Porterfield, ni, MD, is directorof the State Health Department, withoffices in Columbus, Ohio.Richard Prescott writes from Stockton,Calif., to announce "the payment of adividend— Paul Richard— as of March 20,1953 to the amount of 6 lbs. 11 oz. Thisdividend shall be considered as a specialkind of Capital Gain, and as such is nottaxable."1939Howard Greenlee, AM '41, PhD '50.acting chairman of the division of socialscience at Simpson College, Indianola,Iowa, has received a Faculty Fellowshipfrom tine Fund for the Advancement ofEducation, and will study this year atUnion Theological Seminary and Columbia University.Arthur James, AM, gives the followingresume of his recent past: "Someonephoned to say my name is includedamong the SSA missing. I am sorry, be- AJAX WASTE PAPER CO.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. 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I resignedas Commissioner of Public Welfare ofVirginia in '50, following a reorganization of the department, and shortlythereafter went to Japan as a welfareconsultant in the civil affairs section,Department of the Army, for occupationservice. I was stationed in Osaka, withthe Kinki civil affairs region as my territory. Since my return a year ago Ihave been editing some technical reportsfor the Hercules Powder Co., and otherwise 'taking it easy,' doing some long-delayed travel and fixing up my summerplace on the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia."John H. Kempster, MBA, has left thefaculty of the Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology where he was an, assistantprofessor of accounting, to become amember of the controllers staff of theDennisen Manufacturing Company inFramingham, Mass.Robert E. Kronemyer, AM '47, and hiswife, Nancy, became proud parents lastMarch 14, when their son, David Edward, was born.Lloyd G. Lewis, PhD '46, is section headin the physics division of the engineering research department of Standard OilCo. (Ind.) Lewis joined Standard Oil in1950 and previously had been an associate physicist with Armour Researchfoundation and the metallurgical laboratories of the University of Chicago.Albert W. Recht, PhD, has finished his30th year in the mathematics and astronomy department of the University ofDenver, and is completing 27 years asdirector of the Chamberlin Observatory.1940Last spring, Leon Cook marked hissixth anniversary as head materials engineer in the research division of theWyandotte Chemicals Corp., Wyandotte,Mich.Cecil R. Fetters, SM, has resigned fromthe faculty of Denison University toaccept a position on the research staff ofthe Libby-Owens Ford Glass Co., inToledo. ., , ,Alfred Pfanstiehl is still employed bythe Engineering and Research Corp., ofRiverdale, Md. His present assignmentis at Tyndall Field where he is runninga school for the Air Force to teach airmen how to service and maintain thecomplex flight simulators.Rosemary Wiley, AM '41, a loyal worker in the Alumni Foundation — is nowteaching mathematics at St. Xaviers College for Women, and also working onher thesis.1941Arthur Connor, MD '43, is a memberof the orthopedic department at the U. S.Naval Hospital in Camp Lejeune, N. C.,where he has been for a year. The dailycensus of patients is around 200, whichprovides Dr. Connor with "variety andvolume, and associates provide amplediscussion." Arthur's wife is the formerSelma Renstrom.Norman N. Greenman, SM '48, PhD'51, out Casper, Wyo., way, reports thebirth of a son, Edward Joel, last March15. This is the Greenman's first child.David Fletcher, AM, PhD '46, continuesas Professor of History at Knox College.1942George De Baere is assistant produc tion manager of Farm Journal, Inc., inPhiladelphia.David Fisher has been appointed tothe new position of engineering sectionhead for radar systems in the . SpecialArmament Systems Engineering Department, Sperry Gyroscope Co., Great Neck,N. Y.Alan P. Graves has been living in Concord, N. C, for two years now, movingfrom Iowa City when his Companyopened a new poultry processing plantin the South.Harris B. Jones, MBA '49, has leftFrankfort, Ky., to take up a new jobas assistant administrator of the IowaMethodist Hospital in Des Moines.Raymond H. McEvoy, AM '47, PhD '50,and his wife are raising a family of boys.Their third son, Bruce, is a bustling 18-month's toddler. Raymond is with theResearch Staff of the Federal DepositInsurance Corp., in Washington, D. C.Jane Ross, '42, manager of thegeneral book department of theUniversity bookstore, died of aheart attack at her home September 29, 1953, at the age of 45. Shefirst became associated with thebookstore in 1929, and had servedas general book department manager for the past eight years. Shewas past president of the Women'sNational Book Association, and hadbeen active in the National Association of College Stores. She wasan active member of the AlumniAssociation, and served on theSenate of the College Division.Charles W. Meister, AM, PhD '48, isProfessor of English at Arizona StateCollege in Flagstaff, and is also servingas Chairman of the humanities division.Morris Parloff, AM, received his PhDin psychology at Western Reserve University in June.1943Gertrude Aschner (Mrs. GerhartSchwarz) is still in New York whereher husband is on the faculty of Columbia University. They have two girls,four and seven.Edward Horner, MD '45, and his wife,the former Althea Greenwald, '52, areresidents of Pasadena, Calif. Dr. Horneris teaching part-time at the College ofMedical Evangelists in Los Angeles.Robert Ryder, PhD, is serving his second two-year term as executive counselor of Kappa Delta Pi, National HonorSociety in Education. He is busy withplans for the biennial convocation for1954, to be held at Purdue Universityin March.1944Virginia Butts and Jack Berger, MD'46, were married last March 14 inThorndike Hilton Chapel. Virginia hasbeen in public relations work in Chicagofor several years and is now associateproducer and writer of the Dave Garro-way radio show in New York City. TheBergers have been living in New YorkCity while Jack has been in residenceat the U. S. Naval Hospital on LongIsland as a plastic surgeon. They plan30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEto return to Chicago just as soon as Jackis released from Naval duty to completehis training in plastic surgery beforegoing into private practice.Mary Lou Daman was married lastJune to W. Stephen Wing. The coupleis living in Mt. Pleasant, Mich., whereSteve is on the faculty of Central Michigan College. Mary Lou will be continuing with the Michigan Children'sInstitute which she has been with for thepast two years.Anna Harmens is putting her nurse'straining right to practice in her ownhome in Kalamazoo, Mich., where shehas made room to nurse convalescingpatients.1945A note from Thomas Tourlentes, MD'47, relates that he is still doing his"stretch" as an "involuntary volunteer"under the doctor draft at Camp Atter-bury, Ind., where he is chief of themental hygiene consultation servicewhich provides psychiatric care for 15,000trainees and cadre. He received his certification by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology last spring in SanFrancisco, and later at the AmericanPsychiatric convention in Los Angelesbumped into several '47 classmates: JoanLongini, Gerald Hill, and Frank Lossy,who are all practicing psychiatrists andpsychoanalysts.1946Julian L. Abraham, MBA '47, is a costaccountant with the U. S. Army auditagency in Chicago.E. Theodore Bachman, PhD, has begunhis second year as Professor of ChurchHistory and Missions at the PacificLutheran Theological Seminary in Berkeley, Calif. Among his extra duties isthe preparation of a series of adult education films being produced by the National Lutheran Council.Marvin Burack, AM, PhD '51, is aschool psychologist with the Bureau ofChild Study, Chicago Board of Education.William D. Conwell and Barbara Cow-gill, who attended the University in1947, were married this summer.Marjory Mather Greene advises that"the Greenes are in high spirits, andkeeping busy keeping up with Judy, 5,and three-year old Gordon. April was'reunion month' for me: telephone callsfrom Lenore Callahan Frazier and JeanFletcher; a long letter from GwenSchmidt Stoughton, and a delightful daywith Joan Beckman Chism."Morrison Rudner, SM, is teaching biology at Tilden Technical High School inChicago. He and his wife, Anna, havetwo sons, David, 7, and Robert, 14months.Lillian Smies, SM, is a nurse at C.M.C.Hospital in Vellore, North Arcot, India.1947Flora Bramson, AM, is continuing thisyear in her position as teacher of Englishliterature and composition at the University of Pittsburgh.Donald Engley, AM, is librarian of thenew million- dollar library at TrinityCollege, Hartford, Conn., which now contains the renowned Watkinson Libraryand also the Brinley Americana formerly in the Wadsworth Atheneum.Laura M. Gilbert, BLS, sounds excitedabout her new home in Sheboygan, Wis. "I'm spending every spare minute I canfind in painting and decorating it andmaking it truly mine," she writes.Billie June Gilliam is using a FordFoundation Fellowship award to makea study this year of human relationsprograms in several representative U. S.cities.A new Cincinnati address for Juliusand Carolyn (Shadley, '48) Kahn meansthat they have bought a house. Theircomment: "With three boys it was inevitable."Alexis T. Miller, MBA '48, has a responsible executive position in the jetengine department of the StudebakerCorp., and is commanding officer of theAir Force Reserve Unit in South Bend,Ind. He and his wife, Carolyn Plasman,'44, have built a new home. They havetwo sons, Scott and Ross.Ellis H. Newsome, AM '48, has beennamed head of the advertising journalismsequence at the State University of Iowa.He is also a member of the faculty ofthe department of marketing in theCollege of Commerce.Paul Van Riper, PhD, was appointedlast fall an associate professor of administration at the School of Business andPublic Administration, Cornell University. He was recently named Secretaryto the Faculty.1948Capt. Clarence Anderson, MBA '50, isthe new U. S. Air Force representative atthe Kansas City Ford Aircraft plant. Hewent to the Kansas City plant last January after serving for two years as chiefof the production branch in the Chicagoregional office of the Midwest DistrictAir Materiel command. He was recalledto active duty with the Air Force inOctober, 1950.Hudson T. Armerding, PhD, has beenassociated with Gordon College in Boston since his graduation. He is now Deanof the College and teaching a historycourse. He is married and has two children.Mary Bigford Brett has completed hersecond year as director of the PackanackCooperative Nursery School in New Jersey. She is launched on a busy thirdyear now that enrollment and facilitieshave been doubled because of the enthusiasm and interest the school hasattracted.Jean Bunnell, AM, is continuing on atSan Francisco State College, on the student personnel staff, which is headed byJohn Bergstresser, formerly on the faculty of the Department of Education atthe U. of C.Albert W. Demmler, Jr., has beensticking close to Ann Arbor, Mich., inrecent years where he is checking offthe requirements for his PhD candidacyat the University. He spent the summer working for the University's Engineering Research Institute on a problemhaving to do with the fatigue propertiesof titanium and its alloys. His thesis,which he hopes to complete by nextsummer, will also be concerned withthat problem.Karl H. Hertz, PhD, is Associate Professor of Sociology at Wittenberg Collegein Springfield, Ohio.Aynslee MacEwen Cameron, MBA,writes that her husband is manager ofthe beautiful new Scioto Country Clubin Columbus, Ohio. They have theirown apartment on the second floor ofthe club, a set-up they like since proudpapa can drop in to see their daughter, CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field. Itis affiliated with the Fisk Teachers Agencyof Chicago, whose work covers all the educational fields. Both organizations assistin the appointment of administrators aswell as of teachers.Our service is nation-wide.HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING and DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. MOnroe 6-3192YOUR FAVORITEFOUNTAIN TREATf Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliffe 3-7400NOVEMBER, 1953 31SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 1 00 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoWHOLESALE RETAILPARKER-H0LSMAN1Real Estate and Insurance1508 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICETJkeLxcluiive Cleaner*We operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608tOWIR YOU.R COSTSWAGE INCENTIVESEMPLOYEE TRAININGPERSONNEL PROCEDURESIMPROVED METHODSJOB EVALUATION*OBERT & SHAPIRO '33, DIRECTOR now a year old, whenever he has a sparemoment.Pauline Mann Nachbar received herPhD in mathematics at Brown University last spring.Edward A. Maser, AM, went to KansasUniversity in September as curator ofthe Museum of Art and instructor inart history.Arthur A. Vogel, AM, is Assistant Professor of Apologetics and Dogmatic Theology at Nashotek House, Nashotek, Wis.1949Sheldon Gaylin received his MD fromthe School of Medicine at Western Reserve University in June.Howard Schuchmann, AM, has joinedthe Macmillan Co., in New York, as theirrepresentative in the Far East. He leftlast spring on an extended tour of India,Siam, Ceylon, Pakistan and Burma.David Sklar, AM, is living in Pittsfield,Mass., and working for the General Electric Co., as a procedures analyst.Helene C. Ward is working for theWestinghouse Electric Corp., in the Chicago public relations office, at the Merchandise Mart.1950William Earle, MBA, is a standard'sengineer with the Hiller Helicopter Co.,in Palo Alto, Calif.Joanne Gomberg received the LL.Bfrom the Franklin T. Backus School ofLaw, Western Reserve University inJune.Robert Lindblom continues in his position as geologist for Standard Oil Co.,in the San Joaquin Valley, Calif. Hishome is in Bakersfield.Pvt. Edwin H. Mann, Jr., AM, arrivedin Japan in June for duty with the 1stCavalry Division. He was secretary andvice-president of Trans-World Films,Inc., Chicago, before entering the Armylast December.William E. Ricketts, PhD, is in privatepractice, with an office in Chicago's Loopas well as in Park Forest. He was formerly with the Department of Gastroenterology at the University Clinics.Richard Wisowaty and his wife, Suzanne Nichols, moved to California immediately after their marriage in GrahamTaylor Hall in May, '52, and are scheduled to remain California residents.Richard has completed his work for hismasters degree at San Francisco StateCollege and has accepted a positionteaching mathematics at the PleasantHill High School near Concord. A babyin the Wisowaty- household was alsoscheduled for this fall.1951William M. Adams has been employedby the Stanolind Oil and Gas Co., towork in the exploration department oftheir New Orleans plant.Paul A. Benke, AM, is working towardan MBA in the Executive Training Program and also working as director ofpurchases in the war products divisionof Cline Electric Manufacturing Co.,Chicago.Following his discharge from the service, Robert H. Davenport is making Hollywood, Calif., his headquarters withplans to enter UCLA in January as apsychology major.^Myrtle Lundquist is co-chairman ofthe World Wide Relations Committee ofthe International Council of Industrial 18th Century sleuthA sprightly feature story in theSalem (N. C.) Sentinel brings anaccount of the profitable timeWilliam B. Todd, PhD '49, spentin England this past year as a Fulbright scholar.His delight with practicallyeverything British, and the richliterary finds he uncovered, wereclimaxed by a front-row seat forthe Coronation procession as hisroom on N. Audley Street yieldeda perfect view of the parade route.A specialist in the printing andproduction of English books in the18th century, Dr. Todd has microfilmed the records of the Old English publishing firm of Spottis-woode & Ballantyne. With this hehas scooped the field, since thisfirm published all the major worksof English literature in the 18thcentury. This treasure will lead tothe publication of a book, An Account of the Printing Ledgers ofWilliam Strahan.Another valuable find for the18th century bibliographer concerns an Act of Parliament underGeorge III in 1799, when all printers were obliged to disclose theirpresses and business to preventthe publication of seditious andtreasonable acts. Unearthing thesedeclarations in the Records officeof the Corporation of London, Toddplans to produce from them adocumented handlist of Londonprinters from 1799 to 1839.Todd is enthusiastic about theFulbright program. Says he, "Iconsider it a remarkable and certainly a very successful scheme forrealizing its principal objective —to foster and maintain that understanding and appreciation of theviews which all scholars have incommon, whatever their nationality."Todd is back at his post now ashead of Salem College's Englishdepartment.Editors which convened in Texas lastspring.David Roy Merrill, son and first childof Robert and Barbara Weiss Merrill,was a year old on September 23. TheMerrills live in Chicago.George K. Park, AM, has left for ayear's stay in Norway where he will doresearch under a Fulbright appointment.He will investigate the government program for the industrialization of thenorthern section of Norway. He left inJune with his wife and two sons tomake his headquarters at the Universities of Oslo and Bergen.Ralph M. Stephan, MD, entered theArmy Medical Corps in July after ayear's residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Blodgett Memorial Hospital inGrand Rapids.David and Persis Burns ('48) Suddethare still in Seattle where they are bothworking for Boeing Airplane Co. Persisis directing the flight test data transcription for Boeing's XB-52, and David is anassociate research engineer in Boeing'sguided missile project. "We are toobusy to do much writing, but we alwaysTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELocal and Long Distance MovingStorage Facilities lor Books,Record Cabinets, Trunks, orCarloads of FurniturePeterson FireproofWarehouse Inc.1011 EAST 55th STREETBUTTERFIELD 8-6711DAVID L SUTTON, PresidentWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2 1 1 6-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-33 1 3Verna P. Warner, DirectorAuto LiveryQuiet, unobtrusive serviceWhen you want if, as you want itCALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4-6400 welcome visits from any Chicago friends."Margaret B. Wiles, AM, is associatedirector of nurses at the Hunterdon Medical Center in New Jersey.1952Martin M. Arlook is attending lawschool at Rutgers University. He waspresident of his class last year.Robert D. Best was promoted inAugust to the position of personnel administrator in the Freyn EngineeringDepartment of Koppers Co., Inc., inChicago.Madrigale McKeever, PhD, (Mrs. William L.) has a new four-room officebuilding for her practice in psychologicalcounseling and play therapy. She isteaching at both Illinois Wesleyan University and Lincoln College (part time)and is the prison psychologist at theIllinois Reformatory for Women atDwight.Pfc Milton H. Silverman is with the24th Infantry Division in Japan as achaplain's assistant. He entered the Armya year ago and received his basic training at Camp Breckenridge, Ky., withthe 101st Airborne Division.John A. Winget, PhD, is an instructorat the University of Cincinnati.1953Hilda Davis was awarded the PhD inhuman development at the Universitylast spring and is now teaching in theDepartment of Education at BrooklynCollege.^MemorialBerdena Hale, '99, (Mrs. Frank Fulton)of Moundsville, W. Va., died March 11,1953, of complications incident to a fractured hip sustained in a fall.Eleanor Hammond Broadus (Mrs. Edmund K.), '02, died March 4, 1953.Winona Smith Cox (Mrs. L. G.) diedMay 29, 1953. Widely known in Southerneducation circles, she had been supervising principal of the Moultrie (Ga.)Elementary Schools since 1918. She wasa member of the National Commissionon Teacher Education, and took part ina national curriculum study sponsoredby the University of Chicago. A WinonaCox Smith scholarship has been established by the women of the First Presbyterian Church of Moultrie as a memorialto her outstanding contribution to theeducational program in Georgia and theSouth.Richard H. Young, '26, died August 10in a New York City Hospital. A prominent Omaha physician, Dr. Young hadbeen chairman of the Department ofNeurology and Psychiatry at the University of Nebraska College of Medicinefor the past six years. Under his direction the Nebraska Psychiatric Unit wasdeveloped. He was the author of manymedical publications in his field.Helen Smith Hubert, (Mrs. Roland F.)'29, died May 11, 1953, in Chicago. Shehad served as a teacher in the Vander-poel elementary school for 20 years.Glen W. Myers, MBA, '50, died May14, 1953. He was vice-president and actuary, Federal Life Insurance Co., Chicago. RESULTS . . .depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Adressographing - FoldingMailing - Copy Preparation - MultilithA Complete Service for Direct AdvertisersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn - Chicago 5 - WA 2-4561BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholsterersFurniture Repairing1919 N. 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