VEMBER, 1952 MAGAZINE~mlr-'uDead, or Fairly So...David Riesman and Reuel Denney Special Feature:A Portfolio of Faculty Portraits1*6Wfc*s¦¦MmteUri Thing* For Bef ler Living . .Through (hemutry An a career, just as in any journey,knowing when to make the right turnis of utmost importance.With 150 years ofindustrial leadership andachievement behind it,and a great expansion programahead, Du Pont offers you anexcellent opportunity for individualgrowth and technical achievement.Consider seriously these vital factorsand you will recognize the wisdomof turning to a Du Pont career:STABILITY— 71 plants and38 laboratories in 25 states;DIVERSITY — 1200 Du Pont productsserve industry and the consumer;CHALLENGE — association with restlesspioneering minds — vast research programsthat have developed modern miracles like nylon,"Orion" acrylic fiber, "Dacron" polyesterfiber, neoprene chemical rubber, plastics;ADVANCEMENT — a living Du Pont traditionthat has seen engineers attain the majorityof top executive positions in the company;SECURITY — a company benefits program,unique in industry for its comprehensive coverage.Should you be interested in turning toDu Pont, please send complete resume,including educational qualifications to:Mr. T. J. DonovanE. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc.Engineering Department 108Wilmington, Delawareit lento f-^adExclusive to Commons waitersThe boss has retired.In 1920 the League of Nations arrivedin the world; prohibition and womansufferage -in America; and Nellie FlorencePope on the quadrangles.It was graduate work, not a job, Florence Pope wanted. She had a job atLewis Institute where she made a reputation in food, service for training units inWorld War I.That was the hitch: her reputation.For a few weeks would she fill a key vacancy in the Commons Department?Fifty-one million meals and ten thousand student waiters later, Florence Poperetired (July, 1952) to become AssociateProfessor Emeritus in the School of Business with a quarter-century record as Director of Residence Halls and Commons.She had never left the Midway.Slightly bewildered at suddenly discovering the fences gone, Miss Pope steppedinto her Plymouth club coupe and droveeast through Ohio and Connecticut tovisit friends before realizing a long-standing ambition: a winter in Florida.Succeeding Miss Pope as Director ofResidence Halls and Commons is MissLylas Kay, starting her fifth year with theDepartment.Miss Kay has her Home Ec. degree fromMacMurray College (Jacksonville, 111.)and her Institutional Managment trainingfrom famed Iowa State. She joined theUniversity family after serving as dietitianat Illinois College and with the AmericanAir Lines.Miss Kay came to the quadrangles todo vacation relief for the Clinics cafeteriain the summer of '48— a temporary agreement. She met Miss Pope at a HomeEconomics tea.So, here we go again. Everyone is assuming that history will be repetitious.Julips emeritiErnest C. Miller after nearly a quarter ofa century as Registrar, retired last July.The Millers have moved back to theirhome in Danville, Kentucky where Ernest,surrounded by mint julips, plans to siton the front porch.Louis L. Thurstone, Distinguished Service Professor of Psychology, also retiredwith emeritus status in July. He hasjoined the faculty of the University ofNorth Carolina to be director of theirpsychometric laboratory.Shorthorn holidayOne Sunday, every September, the ScotchShorthorns on the Cyrus Eaton estate nearCleveland declare a moratorium on grazing.Fortified with generous cuds they gatheralong the fence nearest the house.With casual bovine curiosity they gazeat 500 people batting balls, strollingwooded paths, plunging into water, stalk-wg birds, or sitting in congenial groupswith cuds and cokes.This year the Sunday was September14th. Again Trustee Eaton was the hostto Chicago alumni in northern Ohio.It began to rain. They gathered up thehats and racquets, took their food andmoved under a huge tent. They listenedto brief talks and announcements fromWilliam E. Scott, Chicago Registrar, James Atkins, Foundation Director, Club president Harold R. Nissley, secretary NellHenry, local Foundation chairman RuthWhite Engler, and host Cyrus Eaton.The Shorthorns moved in out of therain. They concluded people have funbut are funny.Too many yearsWe said, in our October issue, the LawSchool is about to celebrate its sixtiethanniversary. But Theodore Rooseveltdidn't lay the corner stone until April 2,1903. Obviously it is the fiftieth anniversary in 1953. Sorry for the error.New but familiar faceIf the picture of the earnest young manon this page looks familiar, it is becauseit is part of a picture which appeared inthe October issue, at the head of a storyon Poetry magazine. The photograph is ofHarold ("Shag") Donohue, '46. It reappearsthis month because Shag, after helping toput over Poetry's 40th anniversary this fall,has left this estimable publication to jointhe staff of the Magazine.Originally a Jerseyite from Trenton,Shag came to the University after beginninghis education at William and Mary. After iKecLcLerS LjuldeDONOHUE RETURNS TO EDITORIAL ENDhis graduation from the College, he married Sylvia Slade, '45, and bought a bookstore on 57th street, which after four yearshe sold last winter, shortly before takingup his duties as business manager at Poetry.The Donohues, meantime, have becomethe parents of two red-headed children,Jennifer, 2, and Stephen, i/£.And Penguin skullsEditor Don Morris, who wrote "ALLWHEELS GONE" in the December, '51,Harpers, has a current piece in the November Pageant: "WORLD'S MOSTAMAZING MAIL ORDER HOUSE."It's the General Biological Supply Housein Chicago, of which Charles Coursen, '22,is president. The article tells why and howthey buy and sell such items as whale eyes,rattlesnake skeletons ($27.50 completewith rattles) , penguin skulls, and tropicalfruit bats.H. W. M. CHILDREN'S BOOKSWe've called on MARY EAKIN, Directorof the Children's Book Center, for another performance, since the list of outstanding children's books she submittedlast December proved so popular andhelpful.In fact, it was suggested to us that such alist would be even more helpful if itappeared in the November issue, therebygiving prospective Christmas shoppers alonger time to buy wisely and leisurelyfor children's books.This 1952 list, therefore, may fortify youwith answers for that child-studdedYuletime list. It serves also to highlightChildren's Book Week— Nov. 16-22 —whose theme this year is "Reading IsFun." We hope that the following listwill convince you of just that.— Ed.BOOKS TO READ ALOUDCHRISTMAS IN THE BARN. By Margaret Wise Brown; pictures by BarbaraCooney. Crowell, 1952- 28p. $1-75.The Christmas story told in verse.THE TALKING CAT AND OTHERSTORIES OF FRENCH CANADA. ByNatalie Savage Carlson; pictures byRoger Duvoisin. Harper, 1952- 87p. $2-An excellent collection of French Canadian folk tales for telling or readingaloud.HOLIDAY STORYBOOK. Compiled bythe Child Study Association of America;illus. by Phoebe Erickson. Crowell, 1952.373p. $3.Short stories for each of the year's holidaysand festivals.LOOKING-FOR-SOMETHING; the storyof a stray burro of Ecuador. By AnnNolan Clark; illus. by Leo Politi. Viking,' 1952. 55p. $2.50.A small gray burro wanders over Ecuadorlooking for something— and the something turns out to be a small boy whowants a burro.THE BEARS ON HEMLOCK MOUNTAIN. By Alice Dalgliesh; illus. byHelen Sexuell. Scribner's Sons, 1952. 58P-$2.How young Jonathan proved there werebears on Hemlock Mountain and whathe did when he met them makes ahumorous story with a true folk-taleflavor.MOUSE MANOR. By Edward McMakenEager; illus. by Beryl Bailey-Jones.Ariel, 1952- 51p. $2.Delightful story of a small mouse in Victorian England who went to London tosee the Queen.THE LOST TUGBOAT. By Nils Hogner;illus. by the author. Abelard, 1952. 35p.$2.The Betty Ann started out one foggy dayto help a sister tugboat bring somebarges up the bay, lost her way in thefog, and ended up bringing a large oceanliner in to port.JUST SO STORIES. By Rudyard Kipling;illus. by Nicolas. Garden City Books,1952. 84p. $2-50.Kipling's well-loved animal stories beautifully illustrated by Nicolas Mordvinoff.A HOLE IS TO DIG; a first book of firstdefinitions. By Ruth Krauss; pictures byMaurice Sendak. Harper, 1952., 46p.$1.50.NOVEMBER, 1952 1Fun for children and adults alike in thiscollection of first definitions. Illustrations have a refreshingly new humor andverve.-ONE MORNING IN MAINE. By RobertMcCloskey. Viking, 1952. 64p. $2-50.It was a memorable day when Sal lost herfirst tooth— but got her wish any way.OLD ROSIE, THE HORSE NOBODYUNDERSTOOD. By Lilian Moore andLeone Adelson; illus. by Leonard Short-all. Random House, 1952. 36p. $2.Old Rosie had been retired from activeduty but she still wanted company. Herefforts at being friendly were misunderstood and almost disastrous until thenight she captured the burglar.LOVELY SUMMER. By Marc Simont.Harper, 1952. 44p. $2.Amusing story of two rabbits who thoughtthe summer people had planted a garden for their own special benefit.AGES 8 TO 12JENNY'S ADOPTED BROTHERS. ByEsther Averitt. Harper, 1952. 32p.$1.50.Jenny, the little black cat with a redscarf, persuades the Captain to adopttwo homeless cats and then has somejealous moments before she is willingto sliare her belongings and the Captain's affection with them.COUNTRY GARAGE. By J err old Beim;pictures by Louis Darling. Morrow,1952. 48p. $2.A small boy helps his uncle service carsat the country garage and, in an emergency, shows that he can handle theplace alone.THE HAPPY PLACE. By Ludwig Bemel-mans. Little, Brown, 1952. 58p. $2.50.Winthrop, a marked-down Easter rabbit,finds adventure and friendship in Central Park.BRIGHT DAYS. By Madye Lee Chastain.Harcourt, Brace, 1952. 17 8p. $2.25.Marcy's year became a bright one whenthe Fripsey's moved in next door. Therewere eleven Fripseys— enough to keepthings happening all the time.HENRY AND BEE^US. By BeverlyCleary; illus. by Louis Darling. Morrow,1952. 192p. $2.50.More amusing adventures of Henry Hug-gins as he tries to earn a bicycle andthrough his own ingenuity and Beezus'help and encouragement finally succeeds.A FAIR WORLD FOR ALL. By DorothyCanfield Fisher; illus. by Jeanne Ben-dick. Whittlesey House, 1952. 159p.$2.75.A simple, dignified explanation of themeaning of the Declaration of HumanRights.ROBIN AND COMPANY. By MarjorieHayes; illus. by Adolph Treidler. Little,Brown, 1952. 159p. $2.75.Robin and his friends spend an eventfulsummer earning money for a trip to thecity and a ball game, and trying to helpa small girl find her lost dog.WE ARE THY CHILDREN. By LoisLenski; music by Clyde Robert Bulla.Crowell, 1952. 32p. $2-75.Hymns for young children. The wordshave dignity and reverence; the tunesare pleasing and easy to sing.MISTER STORMALONG. By Anne Mal-colmson and Dell J. McCormick; Joshua Tolford. Houghton, Mifflin,1952. 136p. $2.25.Complete collection of the legends of Mister Stormalong.MONKEY SHINES; a baseball story. By Earl Schenck Miers; illus. by Paul Gal-done. World, 1952. 207p. $2.50.It was a memorable summer for North -field when Little League baseball and arunaway monkey both hit town at once.YOUR TELEPHONE AND HOW ITWORKS. By Herman and Nina Schneider; pictures by Jeanne Bendick. Whittlesey House, 1952. 96p. $2.IT'S FUN TO KNOW WHY; experimentswith things around us. By JuliusSchwartz; illus. by Edwin Herron. Whit-tlesey House, 1952. 125p. $2.75Simple experiments involving materialssuch as paper, glass, wood, iron, coal,etc.PLAY WITH LEAVES AND FLOWERS.By Millicent Ellis Selsam; illus. by FredF. Scherer. Morrow, 1952. 64p. $2.Easy experiments to help the young nature student understand some of thethings that leaves and flowers can do.GIFTS FROM THE FOREST. By Gertrude Wallace Wall; photography byJohn Calvin Towsley. Scribner's Sons,1952. 96p. $2.50.Excellent photographs and brief text showthe lumbering process from the marking of a tree for cutting to the buildingof a house from the finished boards.LIGHTNING AND THUNDER. By Herbert Spencer Zim; illus. by James Gordon Irving. Morrow, 1952. 63p. $2.The basic principles of weather and especially of lightning and thunder.AGES 12 TO 15THE TROJAN WAR. By Olivia E. Coolidge; illus. by Edouard Sandoz. Houghton, Mifflin, 1952. 244p. $3.All of the legends of Troy woven into acontinuous story.THE GIRL'S BOOK OF VERSE. Compiledby Mary Gould Davis. Lippincott, 1952.202p. $2.75.A collection of verse to suit the younggirl's every mood.SORORITY GIRL. By Anne Emery; Richard Horowitz. Westminster, 1952.191p. $2.50.A teen-age girl faces the problem of highschool sororities. Particularly good family relations.THE BLACK STALLION'S FILLY. ByWalter Farley; illus. by Milton Menas-co. Random House, 1952. 309p. $2-How the Black's filly was changed froma spoiled horse to a Derby winner.THE FORK IN THE JTRAIL. By ValGendron; decorations by Sidney Quinn.Longmans, Green, J 952. 208p. $275.An unusual story of the California goldrush and a young boy who found hisgold without ever reaching California.CANDLE IN THE NIGHT. By ElizabethHoward. Morrow, 1952. 223p. $2.50.A romance of Detroit during the days ofthe War of 1812.THOMAS JEFFERSON, CHAMPION OFTHE PEOPLE. By Clara Ingram Judson; illus. by Robert Frankenberg. Wilcox 6- Follett, 1952. 224p. $3.50.TODAY'S SCIENCE AND YOU. By LynnPooler illus. by Jeanne Bendick. Whittlesey House, 1952. 208p. $2.75.Based on the Johns Hopkins TV ScienceReview.JAREB. By Miriam Powell; illus. by MarcSimont. Crowell, 1952. 241p. $2.50.A young boy in the piney woods of Georgia fights for the dog and the trees heloves.THE SOUTH SEA SHILLING; voyages ofCaptain Cook, R.N. By Eric Swenson;illus. by Charles Michael Daugherty.Viking, 1952. 224p. $3.50. . V-JoohSby Faculty and AlumniWHAT IS THE BEST NEW TESTAMENT? By E. C. Colwell. Chicago. University Press, 1952. $3.00.Written in the author's usually lively andprovocative style with a sprinkling ofhyperboles and of down-to-earth illustrations from such things as box carsand scrap bags, this book is addressedto everyone interested in the accuracyof the English New Testament whichhe reads. It consists of an expandedrewriting of a series of lectures givenat the University of Virginia in 1947on the manuscript sources of the NewTestament and how they have beenUsed to reconstruct the Greek text uponwhich the various English versions arebased.In answering the question of his title,Dean Colwell reviews briefly the historyof the search for the oldest and bestGreek text. It is the oldest text andthe text with the most respectable ancestry which is the "best," and not thefirst printed Greek or the oldest Englishfor both of these are late and inferior inform. This late form of text unfortunately dominated the scene for threecenturies or so after the beginning ofprinting and lay behind the earlyEnglish translations up to and includingthe King James version of 1611. Colwellpoints out a number of important differences between this text and the textavailable today in such an edition asthat published by Westcott and Hort in1881.A test of various English translationsin terms of this far superior text provides an interesting table by which thereader may gauge the accuracy of theEnglish version which he uses. Thistest puts Goodspeed at the top and putsthe King James at the bottom as "undoubtedly the most inaccurate EnglishNew Testament in common use today."In this connection a sample passage fromthe Gospel of John provides 64 readingsin which the Westcott-Hort edition differs from the late medieval or "received"text. The reader should be cautionedhere that this evaluation of accuracysays nothing directly about style or readability. However, it is generally true,as Colwell says, that "the translator maydiminish, but he cannot materially increase, the accuracy of the particularGreek New Testament, from which hemakes his translation."In view of recent, important discoveries and developments in the area oftextual study the question may well beraised whether the Westcott-Hort textis too readily assumed to be the "best."Actually, some recent translators, likethe committee on the Revised StandardVersion, claim to determine their own"best" text more or less directly fromthe manuscript evidence, at least indoubtful passages. But such procedurehas usually resulted in a text very closeto Westcott and Hort. There are exceptions and there will doubtless be moreexceptions. "The Best Is Yet To Be,"the last chapter of the volume underconsideration, intimates as much, for itdescribes the current, international project for the collection and publication9 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof the greatest amount of evidence forthe text— consonant with means and opportunity — which has ever been assembled. The two chief centers of thisvast undertaking are at Oxford andChicago. As chairman of the AmericanExecutive Committee of the project DeanColwell gives us his account out of abackground of this contemporary andmajor activity on the textual front.It is an account which clearly and effectively demonstrates the importanceand relevance of textual studies forevery reader and interpreter of theEnglish New Testament.Allen Wikgren, Associate Professor,FederatedN Theological Faculty.THE SWEDISH THEATRE OF CHICAGO, 1868-1950. By Henrietta C. K.Naeseth, Ph.D. '31. Augustana HistoricalSociety Publications, Rock Island, 1951.390 pp., illustrated. $3.00.This comprehensive and thorough-goingwork by Miss Naeseth will be welcomedby all scholars concerned with the history of theatrical activities in the UnitedStates, and particularly by those concerned with the foreign-language theatrein this country. The casual reader, too,especially if he is of Swedish descentand with Chicago forebears, will findmuch of interest.The contents will be a revelation toanyone who examines the book. Evenspecialists of the foreign-language theatrein the United States will be amazedat the rich variety and the long extentof the Swedish theatre in Chicago. Although the initial date of the study is1868, Miss Naeseth indicates clearly thatthe Swedish performances doubtless began some years before that; and theywere to continue for more than eightdecades. The records of the performances over this long period are surprisingly complete; only the earlier yearsare somewhat scanty in data, largelybecause of the great fire of 1871.The Swedish theatre of Chicago neverattained professional status, but MissNaeseth suggests that "it cannot beproperly designated as amateur. Thenucleus of capable and experiencedactors in the main companies of variousperiods provided performances that couldbe approved by professional standardsin the plays that constituted a realtheatre: the full evening programs ofplays or the full length plays seriouslyundertaken."As the author points out, the Swedishtheatre in Chicago may in a sense beconsidered to some degree representative of the foreign-language theatre ofAmerica in general; thus- here one findssome of the same characteristics of theGerman-American theatre— a marked informality, amateur players essentially,objections on the part of church groups,adverse criticism of Sunday performances, and some opposition from othernational groups.For the reader who knows relativelylittle of the Swedish plays, Miss Naesethhas made the way easy with full andample synopses of the more importantpieces. The book is further enrichedfor the general reader, as well as forthe specialist, by the inclusion of muchmaterial often not found in the annalsof the theatre: ample information onChicago's Swedish colony, biographicaldata on the actors, observations on thetastes and prejudices of the audiences,comments on institutions and organizations such as the church arid newspaperwith which the theatre came in con- MAGAZINEVolume 45 November, 1952 Number 2PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive EditorHOWARD W. MORT . EditorDON MORRISStaff PhotographerSTEPHEN LEWELLYNExecutive SecretaryAlumni FoundationJIM ATKINS Associate EditorHAROLD E. DONOHUENews EditorJEANNETTE LOWREYfield SecretaryJIM RATCLIFFE Associate EditorAUDREY. PROBSTDirectorAlumni EducationDONALD S. BARNHARTIN THIS ISSUEUntil the Ball Is "Dead, or Fairly So/' David Riesman andReuel Denney 5A Portfolio of Faculty Portraits .4 . . . 10New X-Ray Camera . . . . . . . 20DEPARTMENTSMemo Pad 1Books 2 Reader's Guide ......... 1Class News 23COVER: Seated at right center, Dr. Paul C. Hodges,Professor, views the latest "rushes" of film. For newsabout his new Hodges-Schmidt X-ray camera, see page 20.Cover and photographs on page 10 (above right and lower left)by John E. Kasper. Photographs on pages 1, 4, 10 (upper left),11, 12, 13, 14 (lower left), 16, 17, 18 (upper left and right),19, and 20 by Stephen Lewellyn. Photograph on page 15 byTown & Country. Photograph on page 29 by Fabian Bachrach,and on page 27 by Public Liaison Branch HICOG.Published monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $3.00. Singlecopies, 35 cents. Student price at University of Chicago Bookstore, 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934. at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois under the act ofMarch 3, 1879. Advertising agent. The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22Washington Square, New York, N. Y.tact; theatrical failures, too, are recounted, and anecdotes of the theatreand its personalities— all are included.The work is arranged chronologically.At the close of each chapter one findsa convenient chronological table listingplays performed, dates of performances,companies, sponsoring organizations, andplaces of performance. The scholarlyapparatus is admirable and complete.The book is amply illustrated with pictures of actors, play-scenes, and programs. In short, nothing of significanceto the study has been omitted.Miss Naeseth is head of the Department of English at Augustana College,Rock Island, and for the past severalyears has served as Chairman of theDivision of the Humanities at the College.Joseph F. Schick, AM '32, PLD '37,Professor of English, Indiana StateTeachers College, Terre Haute, Ind. FOR THE BENEFIT of our Chicago areareaders: "Israel in Egypt," by George Frederick Handel, will* be sung by the University Choir at Rockefeller Chapel, Sunday,November 9, at 3. Heinrich Fleischer willbe the organist for the choral, with RichardVikstrom (Director of Chapel Music) conducting members of the Chicago SymphonyOrchestra. Tickets may be had at theChapel on campus and Wurlitzer's at 115South Wabash. Mail orders via the Chapel$1.50. rCHANCELLOR KIMPTON gave his annual "State of the University" address tothe Faculty Senate, Tuesday, October 14.His speech is reprinted— complete— in theNovember Tower Topics.NOVEMBER, 1952 3Until the Ball is"DEAD, OR FAIRLY SO"After more than 100 years Rugbyis the same in England, but thegame went through the Americanmill and came out as — footballBy David Riesman andReuel DenneyXjL STUDY of Anatolian peasantsnow under way at the Bureau ofApplied Social Research indicatesthat these highly tradition-boundpeople cannot grasp the abstractnessof modern sports. They lack the enterprise, in their fatalistic village cultures, to see why people want toknock themselves out for sportsmanship's remote ideals; they cannot linksuch rituals, even by remote analogy,with their own. These peasants aresimilarly unable to be caught up inmodern politics, or to find anythingmeaningful in the Voice of America.Nevertheless, football itself, like somany other games with balls andgoals, originated in a peasant culture.Football, in its earliest Englishform, was called the Dane's Headand it was played in the tenth andeleventh centuries as a contest inkicking a ball between towns. Thelegend is that the first ball was askull, and only later a cow's bladder.In some cases, the goals were thetowns themselves, so that a team entering a village might have pushedthe ball several miles en route. KingHenry II (1154-89) proscribed thegame, on the ground that it interfered with archery practice. Played inDublin even after the ban, footballdid not become respectable or legaluntil an edict of James I reinstatedit. The reason was perhaps lessideological than practical: firearmshad obsoleted the art of bowmanship.RIESMAN (SEATED) AND REUEL DENNEYNOVEMBER, 1952 During the following century, football as played by British schoolboysbecame formalized, but did notchange its fundamental pattern offorceful kicking. In 1823, Ellis ofRugby made the mistake of pickingup the ball and running with ittoward the goal. All concernedthought it a mistake: Ellis was sheepish, his captain apologetic. The mistake turned into innovation when itwas decided that a running rulemight make for an interesting game.The localism, pluralism, and studiedcasualness of English sports made itpossible to try it out without securing universal assent- — three or fourpurely local variants of football, football-hazing and "wall games" arestill played in various English schools.Rugby adopted "Rugby" in 1841,several years after Cambridge hadhelped to popularize it.This establishment of the runningor Rugby game, as contrasted withthe earlier, kicking game, had severalimportant results. One was that theold-style players banded themselvesThis article is a condensed version of a paper which appeared inthe Winter, 1951, issue of theAmerican Quarterly entitled Footballin America: A Study in CulturalDiffusion. Professor and AssociateProfessor of the Social Sciences, respectively, the authors, with NathanGlazer, published The Lonely Crowdin 1950. Professor Riesman againcollaborated with Mr. Glazer whenFaces in the Crowd appeared lastspring. Professor Denney is theauthor of a volume of poems, TheConnecticut River. together for the defense of theirgame, and formed the London Football Association (1863). This name,abbreviated to "Assoc," appears tohave been the starting point for theneologism, "Soccer," the name thatthe kicking game now goes by inmany parts of the English-speakingworld. A second result was that theEnglish, having found a new game,continued to play it without tightrules until the Rugby Union of 1871.As we shall see, this had its effects onthe American game. The third andmost important result of Ellis' "mistake," of course, was that he laid thefoundations for everything fundamental about the American game betweenabout 1869 and the introduction ofthe forward pass (still illegal inRugby).In the Colonial period and rightdown to the Civil War, Americansplayed variants of the kicking football game on their town greens andschoolyards. After the War, Yale andHarvard served as the culturally receptive importers of the Harvard, meeting McGill in agame of Rugby football in 1874,brought the sport to the attention ofcollegiate circles and the press — twoidentifications important for thewhole future development of thegame. But if Harvard was anopinion leader, Yale was a technologyical one. A Yale student who h€a\studied at Rugby was instrumentalin persuading Yale men to play theRugby game and was, therefore, responsible for some of Yale's earlyleadership in the sport.5Soon after the period described byWalter Camp,1 it became clear thatAmerican players, having tasted the"running" game, were willing to giveup the soccer form. It became equallyclear that they either did not want to,or could not, play Rugby according tothe British rules. "The Americanplayers found in this code (EnglishRugby rules) many uncertain andknotty points which caused muchtrouble in their game, especially asthey had no traditions, or older andmore experienced players, to whom&; they could turn for the necessary ex-& planations," says Camp. An example1$ of such a problem was English ruleK number nine:"A touchdown is when a player,putting his hand on the ball in touchor in goal, stops it so that it remains^j dead, or fairly so."The ambiguity of the phrase"fairly so" was increased by the state-S ment in rule number eight that theball is dead "when it rests absolutelymotionless on the ground."Camp's description of these earlydifficulties is intensely interesting to& the student of cultural diffusion notonly because of what Camp observedabout the situation, but also becausefjS of what he neglected to observe. Consider the fact that the development ofH Rugby rules in England was accomplished by admitting into the rulesomething that we would call a legalfiction. While an offensive runnerwas permitted to carry the ball, thecondition of his doing so was that heshould happen to be standing behindthe swaying "scrum" (the tangledplayers) at the moment the ball popped back out to him. An intentional"heel out" of the ball was not permitted; and the British rules of themid-nineteenth century appear totake it for granted that the differencebetween an intentional and an unintentional heel-out would be clear toeveryone. Ellis' mistake became institutionalized — but still as a mistake.This aspect of Rugby rule-makinghad important implications for theAmerican game.British players, according to tradition as well as according to rules,could be expected to tolerate suchambiguity as that of the heel-out rulejust as they tolerated the ambiguity1. Walter Camp and Lorin F. Deland,Football (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.,¦ 1896). . of the "dead" ball. They could beexpected to tolerate it not only because of their personal part in developing new rules but also (a point weshall return to) because they had anaudience with specific knowledge ofthe traditions to assist them.In America it was quite anothermatter to solve such problems. NoMuzafer Sherif was present to solidify the perceptions of "nearly so,"and the emotional tone for resolvingsuch questions without recurrent dispute could not be improvised. Rather,however, than dropping the Rugbygame at that point, because of intolerance for the ambiguities involved, an effort was undertaken, atonce systematic and gradual, to fillin by formal procedures the vacuumof etiquette and, in general, to adaptthe game to its new cultural home."Downs" and "offside"The upshot of American procedurewas to assign players to the legalizedtask of picking up and tossing the ballback out of scrimmage. This in turncreated the role of the center, and thecentering operation. This in turn ledto a variety of problems» in definingthe situation as one of "scrimmage"or "non-scrimmage," and the wholequestion of the legality of passing theball back to intended runners. American football never really solved theseproblems until it turned its attention,in 1880, to a definition of the scrimmage itself. The unpredictable English "scrum" or scramble for a freeball was abandoned, and a crude lineof scrimmage was constructed acrossthe field. Play was set in motion bysnapping the ball.Meanwhile Americans became impatient with long retention of the ballby one side. It was possible for ateam that was ahead in score toadopt tactics that would insure itsretention of the ball until the endof the period. By the introduction ofa minimum yardage-gain rule in1882, the rulemakers assured the frequent interchange of the ball betweensides.The effect of this change was todramatize the offensive - defensivesymmetry of the scrimmage line, tolocate it sharply in time ("downs"),and to focus attention not only on thesnapping of the ball, but also on theproblem of "offside" players. In theEnglish game, with no spatially andTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtemporally delimited "line of scrimmage," the offside player was penalized only by making him neutral inaction until he could move to a position back of the position of the ball.In the American game, the newfocus on centering, on a scrimmageline, and on yardage and downs, created the need for a better offside rule.From that need developed offsiderules that even in the early years resembled the rules of today. Americanrulemakers were logically extending anative development when they decided to draw an imaginary linethrough the ball before it had beencentered, to call this the "line ofscrimmage," and to make this line,rather than the moving ball itself, theoffside limit in the goalward motionof offensive players. At first, lined-upplayers of the two sides were allowedto stand and wrestle with each otherwhile waiting for the ball to be centered; only later was a neutral zoneintroduced between the opposinglines.Even with such a brief summaryof the rule changes, we are in a position to see the operation of certainrecurrent modes or patterns of adaptation. The adaptation begins withthe acceptance of a single pivotal innovation (running with the ball).The problems of adaptation beginwith the realization that this singleinnovation has been uprooted from arich context of meaningful rules andtraditions, and does not work well intheir absence.Pleasing the crowdStill more complex problems ofadaptation develop when it is realizedthat the incompleteness of the adaptation will not be solved by a reference to the pristine rules. In the firstplace, the rules are not pristine (theEnglish rules were in the process ofdevelopment themselves) . In the second place, the tradition of interpreting them is not present in experienced players. In the third place,even if it were, it might not be adaptable to the' social character and moodof the adapters.Let us put it this way. The Americans, in order to solve the heel-outproblem, set in motion a redesign ofthe game that led ultimately to timedcentering from a temporarily fixedline of scrimmage. Emphasis completely shifted from the kicking game ; it also shifted away from the combined kicking and running possibleunder Rugby rules; it shifted almostentirely in the direction of an emphasis on ball-carrying.Meanwhile, to achieve this emphasis, the game made itself vulnerableto slowdowns caused by one team's retention of the ball. It not only lostthe fluidity of the original game, butran up against a pronounced American taste for action in sports, visibleaction. There is evidence that evenif players had not objected to suchslowdowns, the spectators would haveraised a shout. The yardage rule wasthe way this crisis was met. This, inturn, led to an emphasis on massplay, and helped to create the earlytwentieth-century problems of football. But before we consider this stepin the game's development we mustturn to examine certain factors in thesport's audience reception.A problem posed for the student ofcultural diffusion at this point can bestated as follows: What factor or factors appear to have been most influential in creating an American gamepossessing not only nationally distinctrules, but also rules having a specificflavor of intense legality about manya point of procedure left more or lessup in the air by the British game?We can now go beyond the rulemaking aspect of the game and assertthat the chief factor was the importance of the need to standardize rulesto supply an ever-widening collegiatefield of competition, along with theaudience this implied. The Englishrule-makers, it appears, dealt with asituation in which amateur play wasrestricted to a fairly limited numberof collegians and institutions. Thepower of localism was such that manyan informality was tolerated, and intended to be tolerated, in the rulesand their interpretation. Americanfootball appeared on the Americancampus at the beginning of a longperiod in which intercollegiate andinterclass sportsmanship was a problem of ever-widening social participation and concern. Football etiquetteitself was in the making.Thus, it appears that when earlyAmerican teams met, differences ofopinion could not be resolved between captains in rapid-fire agreement or penny-tossing as was the casein Britain. American teams did notdelegate to their captains the role ofNOVEMBER, 1952powerful comrade-in-antagonism withopposing captains, or, if they did,they felt that such responsibilitieswere too grave.Into just such situations footballplayers thrust all of the force of theirdemocratic social ideologies, all theirprejudice in favor of equalitarian andcodified inter-player attitudes. Undoubtedly, similar considerations alsoinfluenced the audience. Mark Ben-hey, a British sociologist who is familiar with the games played on bothsides of the Atlantic, * points out that,whereas the American game was developed in and for a student group,the English game was played beforequite large crowds who, from a classstandpoint, were less homogeneousthan the players themselves, thoughthey were as well informed as thelatter in the "law" of the game.Rugby football was seldom played bythe proletariat; it was simply enjoyedas a spectacle.Division of laborHeld by the critical fascination theBritish upper strata had for the lowerstrata, the audience was often hardlymore interested in the result of thegame than in judging the players as"gentlemen in action." "The players," Mr. Benney writes, "had to demonstrate that they were sportsmen,that they could 'take it'; and aboveall they had to inculcate the (politically important) ideology that legality was more important than power."The audience was, then, analogousto the skilled English jury at law,ready to be impressed by obedienceto traditional legal ritual and form,and intolerant of "bad form" in their"betters."The early Yale games, played before a tiny, non-paying audience,lacked any equivalent incentive toagree on a class-based ritual of "goodform," and when the audiences camelater on, their attitude toward upper-class sportsmanship was much moreambivalent — they had played thegame too, and they were unwilling tosubordinate themselves to a collegiatearistocracy who would thereby havebeen held to norms of correctness.The apparent legalism of many American arguments over the rules wouldstrike British observers as simply averbal power-play.Such differences in the relation ofthe game to the audience, on this side of the Atlantic, undoubtedly speededthe development of the specificallyAmerican variant. Native, too, arethe visual and temporal properties ofthe game as it developed even, before1900: its choreography could be enjoyed, if not always understood, bynonexperts, and its atomistic patternin time and space could seem naturalto audiences accustomed to such patterns in other foci of the national life.The midfield dramatization of lineagainst line, the recurrent startingand stopping of field action aroundthe timed snapping of a ball, thetrend to a formalized division oflabor between backfield and line,above all, perhaps, the increasinglyprecise synchronization of men inmotion — these developments make itseem plausible to suggest that thewhole procedural rationalization ofthe game which we have describedwas not unwelcome to Americans, andthat it fitted in with other aspects oftheir industrial folkways.Spurred by interest in the analysisof the athletic motions of men andanimals, Eadweard Muybridge wasgetting out his movie-like action shortsof the body motion (more preoccupied even than Vesalius or da Vinciwith the detailed anatomy of movement) ¦ at about the same time thatCoach Woodruff at Pennsylvania(1894) was exploring the possibilities for momentum play: linemenswinging into motion before the ballis snapped, with the offensive team,forming a wedge, charging toward anopposition held waiting by the offsiderule.The big stickSince we do not believe in historicalinevitability, nor in the necessaryhomogeneity of a culture, we do not ssuggest that the American game offootball developed as it did out ofcultural compulsion and could nothave gone off in quite different directions. Indeed, the very effectivenessof momentum play, as a mode of bulldozing the defense, led eventually tothe rule that the line must refrain from motion before the ball issnapped. For the bulldozing led, orwas thought to lead, to a great increase in injuries. After a particularly bloody battle between Pennsylvania and Swarthmore in 1905_, Presi dent Roosevelt himself took a handand insisted on reform.2It is apparent from the brutalityscandals of 1905 that President Roosevelt reacted against roughhouse notso much because it was physical violence, but for two related reasons.The first and openly implied reasonwas that it was connected with anunsportsmanlike attitude. The second, unacknowledged, reason was thatAmericans fear and enjoy their aggression at the same time, and thushave difficulty in pinning down theinner meanings of external violence.The game of Rugby as now played inEngland is probably as physically injurious as American football was atthe turn of the century. By contrast,American attitudes toward footballdemonstrate a forceful need to define,limit, and conventionalize the symbolism of violence in sports.Public relations issueIf we look back now at England,we see a game in which shouted signals and silent counting of timed.movements are unknown — a gamethat seems to Americans to wander inan amorphous and disorderly rough-house. Rugby, in the very home ofthe industrial revolution, seems pre-industrial, seems like one of the manyfeudal survivals that urbanization andindustrialization have altered but notdestroyed. ...The public relations issue in thegame first appears in the actions ofthe rules committee of 1906 — the introduction of the legalized forwardpass in order to open up the gameand reduce brutal power play. Between 1906 and 1913 the issue wasgenerally treated as a problem centered about players and their coaches,and thus took the form of an appealto principles rather than to audiences. However, the development of2. "In a 1905 game between Pennsylvaniaand Swarthmore, the Pennsy slogan was"Stop Bob Maxwell" one of the greatestlinesmen of all time. He was a mighty man,with amazing ability to roll back enemyplunges. The Penn players, realizing thatMaxwell was a menace to their chances forvictory, took "dead" aim at him throughoutthe furious play. Maxwell stuck it out, butwhen he tottered off the field, his face wasa bloody wreck. Some photographersnapped him, and the photo of the mangled Maxwell, appearing in a newspaper,caught the attention of the then PresidentRoosevelt. It so angered him, that he issued an ultimatum that if rough play "infootball was not immediately ruled out, hewould abolish it by executive edict." FrankG. Menke, Encyclopedia of Sports.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe high audience appeal that weshall show unfolding after 1913 wasnot autonomous and unheralded. Ifpublic relations became a dominantfactor by 1915, when the Universityof Pittsburgh introduced numbers forplayers in order to spur the sale ofprograms, it had its roots in the 1905-13 period. The rules committee of1906, by its defensive action on rough-house rules, had already implicitlyacknowledged a broad public vestedinterest in the ethos of the game.Let us turn to look at the speed withwhich football was soon permeatedby broad social meanings unanticipated by the founders of the sport.By 1913, the eve of the First WorldWar, innovation in American industry had ceased to be the prerogativeof Baptist, Calvinist, and North ofIreland tycoons. Giannini was startinghis Bank of America; the Jews wereentering the movies; and the secondgeneration of immigrants, taught inAmerica to be dissatisfied with themanual work their fathers did, wereseldom finding the easy paths of ascent promised in success literature.Where, for one thing, were they togo to college? If they sought to enterthe older eastern institutions, wouldthey face a social struggle?Such anxieties probably contributedto the fact that the game of boyishand spirited brawn played at theeastern centers of intellect and cultivation was to be overthrown by the new game of craft and field maneuverthat got its first rehearsal at thehands of two second-generation poorboys attending little - known NotreDame.The forward passThe more significant of the twoboys, Knute Rockne, was, to be sure,of Danish Protestant descent andonly later became a Catholic. Duringtheir summer vacation jobs as lifeguards on Lake Michigan, Rockneand Gus Dorais decided to work asa passing team. Playing West Pointearly in the season of 1913, they puton the first demonstration of thespiral pass that made scientific use ofthe difference in shape between theround ball used in the kicking gameand the oval that gradually replacedit when ball-carrying began. As thefirst players to exploit the legal pass,they rolled up a surprise victory overArmy.One of the effects of the nationalchange in rules was to bring the second-generation boys of the earlytwentieth century to the front, witha craft innovation that added newelements of surprise, "system," andskull-session to a game that had oncerevolved about an ethos of brawnplus character-building.With the ethnic shift, appears tohave come a shift in type of hero.The work-minded glamor of an all- 5 round craftsman like Jim Thorpegave way to the people - mindedglamor of backfield generals organizing deceptive forays into enemy territory — of course, the older martial virtues are not so much ruled out aspartially incorporated in the newimage. ...Again, . the second - generationersmark a change. A variety of sources,including letters to the sports page,indicate that a Notre Dame victorybecame representative in a way aYale or Harvard victory never was,and no Irish or Polish boy on theteam could escape the symbolism.And by the self-confirming process,the Yale or Harvard showing becamesymbolic in turn, and the game couldnever be returned, short of intra-muralization, to the players themselves and their earlier age of innocent dirtiness.The heterogeneity of America whichhad made it impossible to play theRugby game at Yale had finally hadits effect in transforming the meaningof the game to a point where Arnoldof Rugby might have difficulty indrawing the right moral or any moralfrom it. Its "ideal types" had undergone a deep and widespread charac-terological change.For the second-generation boy, withhirs father's muscles, but with very fewof his father's motives, football soonContinued on page 22B Faculty Portraits: A PortfolioBEGINNING on the next page, the Magazine presents a portfolio of portraits of outstanding members of the University's faculty: the holders of "name" and distinguished-service professorships. Theseendowed professorships bear the names either of their givers or of early leaders in the University. They constitute a special mark of distinction in the academic world.Desirous of presenting some of the more recently appointed members of this distinguished group,the editors found it necessary to limit the portfolio to holders of named chairs who have not yet becomeemeriti. Thus omitted are many eminent men: Charles E. Merriam, Anton J. Carlson, Eugene M. K.Geiling, Frank Knight, William A. Nitze, and William F. Ogburn, to name a few. These scholars andscientists stand in need of no more laurels. The present purpose is to introduce their successors in eminence. Like other introductions, many of these will be to people already well-known.At the start of the autumn quarter, some of the named chairs were vacant. The only additional omission is that of William H. Spencer, Hobart W. Williams Distinguished Service Professor in the School ofBusiness, of whom the Magazine was unable to obtain a photograph in time for this issue.NOVEMBER, 1952 9DR. WILLIAM J DIECKMANNMary Campau Ryerson Professor ofObstetrics and GynecologyDR. LOWELL T. COGGESHALLFrederick H. Rawson Professor ofMedicineDR LESTER R. DRAGSTEDTThomas D. Jones Professor of SurgeryDR M EDWARD DAVISJoseph Bolivar De Lee Professor ofObstetrics and GynecologyROSCOE T. STEFFENJohn P. Wilson Professor of LawRightWILBER G. KATZJames Parker Hall Professor of LawBelowMAX RHEINSTEINMax Pam Professor of LawI .ItMORRIS S. KHARASCHCarl William EisendrathProfessor of ChemistryBelow leftWILLIAM H. TALIAFERROEliakim Hastings Moore DistinguishedService Professor of ParasitologyBelow rightSEWALL WRIGHTErnest D. Burton Distinguished ServiceProfessor of ZoologyENRICO FERMICharles hi. Swift DistinguishedService Prof esse r of PhysicsJOSEPH J. SCHWABWilliam Rainey Harper Professor of the Natural Sciences in the CollegeMARSHALL H. STONEAndrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Professor of MathematicsGERTRUDE E. SMITHEdward Olson Professor of GreekMILTON B. SINGERWilliam Rainey Harper Professor ofthe Social Sciences in the CollegeHELEN R. WRIGHTSamuel Deutsch Professor of SocialService AdministrationGARFIELD V. COXRobert Law Professor of FinanceAstronomy and medicinecollaborate in making QNEWIF THE ASTRONOMERS atYerkes Observatory should take tostudying the stars .with a gastroscope,it would generally be considered startling, for the tools of science are notordinarily interchangeable. But therecently reported use of an astronomical camera in medical x-ray work atthe University caused no lifted eyebrows. One of the notable facts aboutthe University Clinics — as this uniquebody of men and equipment celebrated in October the 25th anniversary of its establishment — is that itsaccomplishments frequently have resulted from just such inter-disciplinecollaboration as that which producedDr. Paul C Hodges' (See cover)adaptation of a star-camera to intraabdominal x-ray photography.Modern development of fluoroscopy has made it possible for chestx-rays to be made on a productionline basis, but other radiological jobsstill had to be done in the old way, aslow, costly process using large sheetsof film, involving such long exposuresto the radiation as to be overly riskyfor making series of pictures.The new camera, on the otherhand, is based on the Schmidt camera, which since its development inGermany two decades ago has provedhighly useful in astronomy becauseof its exceptional light - gatheringproperties. Capturing starlight in acamera had made desirable an optical system which reduced to a mini-MIRROR AT BASE OF DR. HODGES' NEWCAMERA RECORDS IMAGES FROM X-RAYTUBE ON FILM IN THROAT AT CENTERTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEX-RAY CAMERAmum the amount of light lost in thecamera itself, and the Schmidt camera's combination of lenses and mirror achieved just this. The opticalsystem of the Hodges camera, basedon the Schmidt principle, is six timesas fast as a high-speed 1.5 lens.Of course it was necessary to adaptthe camera to medical work, mainlybecause the tiny pieces of film usedfor recording the spectra of siderealphenomena were too small for x-raypurposes. Consequently Dr. Hodgescalled upon the services of two youngastronomers, then at Yerkes Observatory, L. G. Henyey and Jesse L. Green-stein, to help plan the adaptation ofthe optical system.What about Schmidt?As the new camera is operated,the x-rays are produced in the tube,located above the recumbent patient.After passing through the desiredsector of his anatomy, the rays strikethe fluorescent screen located at thetop of the dumbbell-shaped camera,and just below the patient's body.This light then passes through aspherical double lens in the throat pithe camera, strikes the curved mirror,two feet in diameter, at the base ofthe "dumbbell." The mirror reflectsthe light back through the lenses andonto the roll of 70 millimeter film(twice the width of film used in familiar miniture cameras such as theLeica) . The film can be moved at the rateof six exposures per second, whichmeans that the process is fast enoughfor mass use, and also sufficientlyrapid to minimize the dosage of raysneeded for a series of pictures.The new camera was conceived inone of those fruitful Quadrangle Clublunch conversations years ago. Afteran interval in which Dr. Hodges hadbeen discussing the problem of photographing deep-lying parts of thebody, a colleague asked the pregnantquestions: "What about Schmidt?"Dr. Hodges pondered this question;a few years later a wartime NDRCgrant made it possible to work out theanswer. Today's version of the camera has been through six years ofexperiment and testing. In its presentform, it is no chromium marvel inappearance, but it works, and fromits pattern, more and cheaper modelsmay be made. Meanwhile the cameraitself, ultimately will be imbedded inthe floor, so that an ordinary hospitalbed may be rolled in place over it, animprovement which will make it possible to abandon the cumbersomeplatform involved in operating themechanism at present.Even today, however, there is nosettling into a routine with the newcamera. Already it is being tried outin the making of x-rays of other partsof the body, for example, the bloodvessels inside the skull. There is onething which it is not good for —strangely enough, considering its origin — and that is astronomy. CLINICS' PROGRESSThe research of the Clinics hasrealized an impressive number ofimportant discoveries and techniquesduring its first twenty -five years.Among the more prominent discoveries:Blood-forming organ factors whichward off irradiation disease;Proof of the use of primaquine,the first actual cure for malaria;Tests, serums, and vaccines forcontrol of scarlet fever;New drugs and ideas for treatinghemorrhage;Nitrogen mustard as an aid intackling leukemia;Radioactive drugs against heartand thyroid trouble;Lipocaic, a pancreas enzyme thathelps digest fats;A tiny internal camera tvliichphotographs the inside of thestomach;Medical applications of insecticidesand nerve gases;Measurements of the nutritionalimportance of protein duringsurgery and pregnancy; andThe germ staphylococcus whichcauses the most common formof food poisoning.The improved techniques include:Nerve-severing to cure stomachulcers;Splicing severed nerves, techniqueadvanced by basic studies ofgrowth;Reduction of the newborn deathrate through surgery and biochemistry;Tests for a new theory of biological intelligence;Diagnosis and treatment of bonedisease;Control of air-borne infections;Surgical treatment for shock;Treatment of cancer by removingthe adrenal glands (the firstsuccessful operation) ;Use of sex hormones and glandsurgery for prostate cancer; andRadical surgical techniques againstabdominal cancer.On the fire are:A "ivindow on disease" to studythe action of drugs;All-out research on irradiationdisease;The use of ultra-sound in brainsurgery;Connections between glands andmental disorders;More effective diagnosis throughcell-staining;Advanced surgery for the heartand lung; andSolution of the riddles of diseaseimmunity.NOVEMBER, 1952FOOTBALL, continued from page 9became a means to career ascent. Sowas racketeering, but football gaveacceptance, too — acceptance into thedemocratic fraternity of the entertainment world where performancecounts and ethnic origin is hardly ahandicap. Moreover, Americans asonlookers welcomed the anti-traditional innovations of a Rockne, andadmired the trick that worked, whatever the opposing team and alumnimay have thought about the effortinvolved.One wonders whether Rockne andDorais may not have gotten a particular pleasure from their craftinessby thinking of it as a counter-imageto the stereotype of muscle-men applied to their fathers.It was in 1915, at about the sametime that the newcomers perfectedtheir passing game, that the recruitment of players began in earnest.Without such recruitment, the gamecould not have served as a careerroute for many of the second generation who would not have had thecash or impetus to make the classjump that college involved.The development of the open andrationalized game has led step bystep not only to the T formation,but also to the two-platoon system.These innovations call for a verydifferent relationship among theplayers than was the case under theolder star system. For the game isnow a cooperative enterprise inwhich mistakes are too costly — tothe head coach, the budget, even thecollege itself — to be left to individ-ual initiative. At least at one institution, an anthropologist has beencalled in to study the morale problems of the home team, and to helpin the scouting of opposing teams.To the learning of Taylor, there hasbeen added that of Mayo, and coaches are conscious of the need to begroup-dynamics leaders rather thanold-line straw bosses.Today, the semi-professionalizedplayer, fully conscious of how manypeoples' living depends on him, cannot be exhorted by Frank Merriwellappeals, but needs to be "handled."And the signals are no longer thebarks of the first Camp-trained quarterback — hardly more differentiatedthan a folkdance caller — but arecues of great subtlety and mathematical precision for situations planned in advance with camera shots andcharacter fill-ins of the opposingteam. Industrial, military, and football teamwork have all a commoncultural frame.Yet it would be too simple to saythat football has ceased to be a gamefor its players, and has become anindustry, or a training for industry.In the American culture as a whole,no sharp line exists between workand play, and in some respects themore work-like an activity becomes,the more it can successfully concealelements of playfulness. Just becausethe sophisticated "amateur" of todaydoes not have his manhood at stakein the antique do-or-die fashion(though his manhood may be in-Later NoteThe gridiron scene, itself waschanging faster than these observations took account of. The NewYorker, in its October 4, 1952, number, over the initials "J. W. L." tooknotice of the fact that while the"Ivy League" had decided to preserve the spirit of amateurism byeliminating spring practice, tightening eligibility, and by other devicesaimed toward what the magazinehad heard someone call the "poorbut honest game," one of the IvyLeague's representatives did very wellagainst Notre Dame. Pennsylvania,in fact, attained a 7-7 tie in 1952against the men from South Bend.The New Yorker went on to remark that Notre Dame itself playedin 1952 under tightened rules (nofreshmen on the varsity), and implied that this was in the drift awayfrom high professionalization of theamateur game.D.R. & R.D.volved, in very ambivalent ways, inhis more generalized role as athleteand teammate), there can be a relaxation of certain older demandsand a more detached enjoyment ofperfection of play irrespective of partisanship.The role of football tutor to theaudience has been pushed heavilyonto radio and TV announcers (someof whom will doubtless be mobileinto the higher-status role of commentators on politics or symphonybroadcasts) . The managerial coalescence of local betting pools into several big oceans has also contributed tothe audience stake in the game. Yetall that has so far been said does notwholly explain alumnus and subway-alumnus loyalties. It may be that wehave to read into this interest of theolder age groups a much more gen eral aspect of American behavior:the pious and near-compulsory devotion of the older folks to whateverthe younger folks are alleged to findimportant. The tension between thegenerations doubtless contributes tothe hysterical note of solemnity inthe efforts of some older age groupsto control the ethics of the game,partly perhaps as a displacement oftheir Kinsey-belabored efforts to control youthful sexuality.And this problem in turn leads toquestions about the high percentageof women in the American footballaudience, compared with that of anyother country, and the high salienceof women in football as comparedwith baseball imagery (in recentAmerican football films, girls havebeen singled out as the most influential section of the spectators) .The presence of these womenheightens the sexual impact of everything in and around the game, fromshoulderpads to the star system, asthe popular folklore of the game recognizes. Although women are not expected to attend baseball games,when they do attend they are expected to understand them and toacquire, if not a "male" attitude, atleast something approaching companionship on a basis of equalitywith their male escorts. . . .For all its involvement with suchelemental themes in American life,it may be that football has reachedthe apex of its audience appeal. Withbigness comes vulnerability: "interindustry" competition is invited, andso are rising costs — the players,though not yet unionized, learn earlyin high school of their market valueand, like Jim in Huckleberry Finn,take pride in it.The educators' counter-reformationcannot be laughted off. (See box atleft.) With the lack of ethnic worldsto conquer, we may soon find thenow-decorous Irish of the Midwestembarrassed by Notre Dame's unbroken victories. Perhaps the periodof innovation which began in 1823at Rugby has about come to an endin the United States, with largechanges likely to result only if thegame is used as a device for acculturation to America, not by the vanishing stream of immigrants to thatcountry, but by the rest of the worldthat will seek the secret of Americanvictories on the playing fields ofSouth Bend.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECLASS4Mm NEWSMedical alumni honoredWhen the University of Chicago Clinicscelehrated its 25th anniversary in October,one of the items on the agenda was thepresentation of distinguished service awardsto 28 former students, internes, and residents of the medical center.The awards were presented at a dinnerattended by 500 alumni and distinguishedguests from the nation's medical schools, byDr. Eleanor Humphreys, U. of C. pathologist, and vice-president of the medicalschool alumni association. The awards wentto:Sara Branham Matthews, PhD '23, MD'34, senior bacteriologist, U. S. PublicHealth Service;James L. O'Leary, PhD '28, MD '31, Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, Washington University School ofMedicine;Sylvia Horton Bensley, MD '30, AssociateProfessor of Anatomy at the Universityof Toronto, and first graduate of the University of Chicago Medical School;Victor Johnson, PhD '30, MD '39, Director of the Mayo Clinic and Professor ofPhysiology at the University of Minnesota;Charles Little Dunham, MD '33, Chief ofthe Medical Division of Biology and Medicine, U. S. Atomic Energy Commission;William B. Tucker, MD '34, AssociateProfessor of Clinical Medicine, Universityof Minnesota School of Medicine.Francis B. Gordon, PhD '36, MD '37,Chief of the MM division of the ChemicalCorps Biological Laboratories at Camp De-trick:Joseph L. Johnson, PhD '30, MD '39, Professor of Physiology and Dean of the Howard University School of Medicine; Everett I. Evans, PhD '34, MD '37, Professor of Surgery and Dean of the MedicalCollege of Virginia;Herbert Breyfogle, MD '37, Agnew StateHospital. Sunnyvale, Calif.;Oscar Bodansky, MD '38, head of theresearch biochemistry section of Sloan Kettering Institute;Alexander Brunschwig, MD '27, Professorof Clinical Surgery at Cornell UniversityCollege of Medicine;James Whittenberger, MD '38, AssociateProfessor of Physiology, Harvard School ofPublic Health;Frederick J. Stare, MD '41, Chairman ofthe Department of Nutrition, and Professor of Medicine, Harvard University Schoolof Public Health.Other honored individuals who haveserved as internes or residents in the clinics include:Chester Scott Keefer, who was the firsthead resident in the Department of Medicine when the new medical center wasopened, and now the Wade Professor ofMedicine, andHenry M. Lemon, Assistant Professor ofMedicine, both of Boston University Schoolof Medicine;J. Murray Steele, Chairman of the Department and Director of Research atGoldwater Memorial Hospital;Frederick E. Kredel, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Surgery at theUniversity of South Carolina School ofMedicine;Harwell Wilson, Professor and Chief ofthe Division of Surgery, and Frank Whit-acre, Professor and Head of the Departmentof Obstetrics and Gynecology, both of theCollege of Medicine of the University ofTennessee.1893Madeline Wallin (Mrs. George Sikes) haswritten in to say how much she enjoyedthe overseas issue of last May. She addsthat her own "frame of reference" is necessarily quite narrow and personal nowadayssince the broken thigh bone she sufferedtwo years ago still keeps her pretty closeto home. "How I wish I could have seenMr. Stagg and Stella at the reunion! Westill have the blanket which Mr. Staggpresented to my husband in 1893 whengraduate students were still allowed to playon the football team." 1897A. R. E. Wyant, DB, of Beverly Hills,Chicago, celebrated his 85th birthday lastMay 20. Dr. Wyant remains loyal to bothhis Alma Maters: Chicago, where he wasthe first football captain way back when;and Bucknell,. from which school he observed his 60th graduation anniversary thisyear.1899Henry M. Shouse, DB, retired in May,1951, at the age of 83, after many busyyears of teaching and preaching. He hasfour sons and six grandchildren. His homeis in San Diego. 1904The Community House of South ShoreTemple has been named the G. George FoxCommunity House, in honor of Mr. Fox,AM T5, who is Rabbi Emeritus of theTemple.1905Ruth Williston, SM '13, is president ofthe Garden Club at Middlefield, Conn., andduring the past year has given a numberof talks at various other garden clubs including Atlanta, Ga., and St. Petersburg,Fla. She has also been doing research atthe Yale University library.1906John R. Voris, DB, director of Save theChildren Federation, Inc., is now a residentof Los Angeles, Calif.Ray croft: a friend of youthJoseph E. Raycroft, Rush MD '99,"the father of intramural athletics atPrinceton" may be officially "retired"from the Department of Health andPhysical Education at Princeton, buta feature story in the Daily Prince-tonian last spring tells of the affection in which the 84 year-old doctoris held.The article pays tribute to theachievement Dr. Raycroft made indeveloping an outstanding intramural athletic program. He was theUniversity's first chairman of the Department of Health and PhysicalEducation.The article reads, in part, "Wesuggest you go down to the Raycroftlibrary in the physical educationoffice, browse around among thefabulous collection of books on sports,medicine, hygiene and physical education and talk to this man. Thedoctor is there most afternoons afterthree and is only too glad to talk toanyone about the library and its subjects. For as he says, 'I have alwaysbeen interested in helping youth intheir problems and in their ambitions'."NOVEMBER, 1952 23Going StrongA group of Green Hall-ites hashad a Round Robin letter going(fairly strong, too) since 1914. Thisgroup of loyal correspondents includes Vine Miller, '12, FlorenceDiment and Helen Dryer of theClass of 1913; Harriet Jones Noyes,Ruth Sandeson, and Avis SpragueNewcomb from 1914; S. Zanie Edwards, Irma Gross, and LilianHoughton Hadley of the 1915 Class;and Maude Bouslough Naden andKathryn Waltz Staehling of the 1916vintage.1907Harold Moulton, PhD '14, has retired aspresident of the Brookings Institution,which he organized and was head of for30 years. He spends a good deal of histime now on a 480-acre farm in CharlesTown, W. Va., in the Blue Ridge country.A recent honor bestowed upon him waselection as a corresponding member intothe Institute de France.1908Mary Heap is now retired from teaching,after 38 years on the physical educationstaff of Hollywood, Calif., high school. Shereports that she is enjoying loafing.1910Leverett S. Lyon, AM '18, PhD '21, chiefexecutive officer of the Chicago Associationof Commerce and Industry, was honored bythe Brookings Institution last spring withan award "In Recognition of DistinguishedPublic Service." A nationally recognizedeconomist, Dr. Lyon is author or co-authorof some 15 books in the field of economics,business and business education.Florence Gould Watts is president of theIndiana Historical Association. She haspublished articles recently in the IndianaHistorical Magazine. She has acted as chairman of the restoration of the HarrisonHouse (the home of Gov. William H. Har-SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 1 00 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoWHOLESALE RETAILPhones OAkland 4-0690—4-0691—4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueT. A. REHNQUIST CO.?EST. 1929CONCRETEFLOORS — SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAIR WORKCONCRETE BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WALLS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7-0433 rison, later President). This restorationhas been carried out by the D.A.R. ofVincennes.1912William C. Mongold, AM, sends newsfrom Fayette, Iowa, that "at the close ofmy 36th year of service at Upper IowaUniversity I find myself for the third timein the position of acting-president anddoubling as dean also. The last time thisoccurred, in 1936, I filled the position fortwo years. My youngest son, Kenneth, isin his fifth year of graduate work in physicsat the University of Iowa. My elder son,Harry, is in civil service at the governmentplant in Burlington."1913Neil S. Dungay, PhD, Professor of Hygiene and Public Health at Carleton College, was retired to emeritus status in June.Mr. Dungay had served on the Carletonfaculty since 1907. He established the firstorganized Carleton College Health Servicein 1925, and was a physician in the HealthService and its director for many years.Henrietta L. Fulkerson, AM '19, writesthat she has an "adorable place in whichto live in Claremont, Calif. Wish it werelarge enough for all who would like tocome. It's grand to live in this little college town."Alan D. Whitney, an investment adviser,has established an office at 543 LincolnAve., Winnetka, 111.1914In 1950 John A. Greene was transferredfrom his long time executive position withthe Ohio Bell Telephone Co. in Cleveland,to become an executive of the MichiganBell Telephone Co., in Detroit. But thepast summer he was elected president ofOhio Bell and has returned to Cleveland.1916Gertrude Smith, AM '17, PhD '21, Professor and Chairman, Department of Greekat the University, spent last summer inSpain and Portugal.1917Claude W. Warren, AM '19, is pastor ofthe Old Stone Church in Rockton, 111.Lydia Jane Robert, SM '19, PhD '28, Professor Emeritus, Department of Home Economics, is now teaching at the Universityof Puerto Rico.1918Hedwig Ravene is a Christian Sciencepractitioner in Omaha, Nebr.Seth Slaughter, AM, DB '22, was calledto the Bible College of Missouri in 1949from Drake University College of Bible,where he had been dean since 1937. Hehas been in charge of opening a curriculumfor training ministers for town and countrychurches, and this past September a seminary for town and country church trainingwas opened.1919John C. Parsons, who has retired fromteaching history in the Kearny, N. J. highschool, is now living at 427 West DuarteRoad, Arcadia, Calif., and would like tocontact other U. of C.'ers in that area. 1920Carl S. Loyl, PhB '26, a member of thelaw firm of Kirkland, Fleming, Green, Martin & Ellis, was elected president of theVillage of Winnetka, 111., last spring.1921Stella Tharp sent news this summer fromFernville, Michigan, that she was enjoyingtheir farm near Saugatuck. "I do a littleteaching now and then, and I am activein women's work in my church in Chicago.I have had two stimulating courses at theUniversity College and read the articles andnews in the Magazine and TowerTopics with pleasure. I saw Amos AlonzoStagg at the reunion and it was wonderfulto think that he is still a successful footballcoach."1922Louis B. Flexner is Professor of Anatomyand Chairman, Department of Anatomy,University of Pennsylvania.T. V. Smith, PhD, who is Maxwell Professor of Poetry, Politics and Philosophyat Syracuse University, is to give the Chancellor Dunning Trust lectures at Queen'sUniversity, Kingston, Ontario, in 1953.Julian F. Smith, PhD, completed a temporary assignment last June as consultantin classification of technical literature formechanized searching, jointly for the Officeof Basic Instrumentation (National Bureauof Standards) and the Technical Information Division (Library of Congress).1923Merle T. Wetton is a lieutenant colonelin the U. S. Marine Corps, stationed inLos Angeles.Paul L. Whitely, AM, PhD '27, represented the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting ofFriends at the Friends World Conferencein Oxford, England, last July. His wifeand son, James, accompanied him. Lastspring he was elected to the National Council of the American Association of University Professors.1924Evelyn Alverson writes from Jackson,Miss., "My early American block house andyard and two Siamese cats consume timeleft from my job with the Red Cross. Aveteran of World War II myself, I helpveterans with their claims for compensationand pensions in the Veterans Administration Center in Jackson."Eleanor R. Maclay, SM, is serving as acting dean of the University of CincinnatiCollege of Home Economics.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECynthia J. Townsend, AM, is principalof the Girard High School, Girard, Kansas.Her main extracurricular interest is traveling in the United States.H. Clifton Wilkerson, AM, last springfinished his 27th year as a teacher of. education and psychology at Platteville StateCollege. He has just finished a term aspresident of the Wisconsin branch of theNational Vocational Guidance Associations.Rollin S. Atwood is director of the Officeof South American Affairs, State Department.1925Leonard B. Shpiner, SM '27, PhD '29,;tID '31, is practicing medicine in Kankakee,1926A. Adrian Albert, SM '27, PhD '28, is thenew chairman of the Division of Mathematics of the National Research Council.Richard L. Doan, PhD, is manager of theatomic energy division of Phillips Petroleum Co., in charge of operations at Materials Testing Reactor, near Idaho Falls.Vera Lou Smith has been with Field Enterprises, Inc., for 24 years. A new jobwas created for her in the company a year;igo. "From being supervisor of just WorldBook Encyclopedia sales secretaries, I amnow department head of the entire salesdepartment, including both World Bookand Childcraft secretaries. Have just hireda brand new U. of C. graduate and wouldlike more just like her, please."John S. Stamm, AM, of Harrisburg, Pa.,lias retired from active service as bishopof the Evangelical United Brethren Churchafter 53 years in the ministry. He is nowconducting preaching missions for the deepening of the spiritual life of Christians andtheir enlistment in a more active cooperative fellowshp and service.1927J. M. Findley Brown, DD, AM, pastor ofthe Walton (N. Y.) United PresbyterianChurch, is on the denomination's Board ofChristian Education and on the board ofthe Pittsburgh-Xenia Seminary. He is awriter for the Adult Quarterly.Harold E. Davis, AM, is Professor of History at the American University in Washington, D. C.Joseph Tamborra, AM, resigned from hispost as Associate Professor of Romance Languages at the University of North Dakotato return to Italy and visit a sister whomhe has not seen for 22 years. While inItaly, he plans to continue his work onthe compilation of his English-SpanishIdiomatic Dictionary, to be added to hisSpanish-English, Part I, which he completed in 1949.John S. Vavra of Cedar Rapids, Iowa,is a member of the Midwest Stock Ex:change and has formed the John S. VavraCompany, investment securities.1928Florence Eilers Robinson has resignedfrom teaching at Englewood High Schoolin Chicago, and is engaged in a numberof community activities. She is a pastpresident and chaplain this year for Englewood No. 61 American Legion Auxiliary.She is also active in P.T.A. work, theW.C.T.U. and the Southtown PlanningAssociation.Mary Holoubek Zimmerman writes fromWhitewater, Wise, that they have built NEW FALL SPORT CLOTHINGwith Brooks Brothers outstandingindividuality and distinctivenessIn addition to traditional favorites such as ourgood-looking tweed sport jackets, Tattersall vestsand pure cashmere sweaters we have many interesting new items... all typically Brooks Brothersin quality and good taste. Included are:(shown) Our Oivn Make Tweed Sport Jacket withSlanted Pockets and Cuffs on Sleeves, $80 and $85Green, Red or Yellow Wool Flannel Vests, $14Wool Tafeta Sport Shirts, $20Worsted Covert Odd Trousers, $26Our Exclusive Argyll Panelled Sport Hose, $5Fall clothing catalogue upon request.ISTABUSHID 1818Helens f urtushincj*, fjate echoes346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.1 1 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 6, N. Y.BOSTON • CHICAGO • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCONOVEMBER, 1952 25Local and Long Distance MovingStorage Facilities for Books,Record Cabinets, Trunks, orCarloads of FurniturePeterson FireproofWarehouse Inc.1011 EAST 55th STREETBUTTERFIELD 8-6711DAVID L SUTTON, PresidentWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2 1 1 6-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelu theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave.yfmrnB P. Werner. DirectorTelephonePLaza 2-33 1 3Auto LiveryQuief, unobfruiive serviceWhen you want it, a* you want itCALL AN EMERY FIRS1Emery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4-6400 a memorial cabin at the Wisconsin Congregational Green Lake Camp in memoryof their 12-year-old son, Noel. She is stillon the Whitewater School board and isalso president of the local chapter of theA.A.U.W.Herbert R. Smith is manager of theHenry Clay Hotel in Ashland, Ky. TheSmiths have a son, Fred, in the Collegeat the University. Another son, Walter, isa senior at Miami University. They havethree other boys: Jim, 13, Bill, 10, andTom, 3.Elko Van Dyke, AM '38, has completedhis 12th year as teacher of chemistry andmathematics at Chicago Christian HighSchool.1929Imo Ashley, AM, who_ is head of theDepartment of English at Lincoln HighSchool in Vincennes, Ind., has recentlyhad a very extensive trip to Alaska.-Stanley A. Ferguson is the superintendent of the University Hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio.M. Ruth Pettigrew, AM, is an instructor in journalism and English literatureat Natrona County High School in Casper,Wyo.Emory R. Strauser, PhD, MD '32, isserving as pathologist and director of laboratories at four hospitals in and nearAppleton, Wis.Albert Thompson, PhD, is chairman ofthe Division of Humanities, State Collegeof Washington.Dorothy Weeks Konrad, AM '34, is enjoying her work in special education, teaching mentally handicapped children in theAurora, 111., elementary schools.1930Griffing Bancroft, Jr. is a news commentator for CBS in Washington, D.C.N. George De Dakis, JD '31, is practicing law in La Crosse, Wis. He is now afull colonel in the Artillery Reserve, andreports that his son, John, was two yearsold in April.Maxwell Mason was awarded his Masterof Science degree in Engineering from theCalifornia Institute of Technology lastJune.Enna Pigg, AM, is Associate Professor ofEducation at Alma College, in Michigan.David A. Robinson, PhD, is Professor ofMathematics at the University of Toronto.Samuel Weiner is teaching at the University of Wisconsin Extension Center inWausau.1931Sophia Bloom, AM '43, was awarded adegree from the Harvard School of PublicNursing in June. She is Chief Medical Social Consultant, Division of Chronic Disease and Tuberculosis, U. S. Public HealthService.Edward A. Conover, AM, was awardedhis PhD degree from Ohio State University at the summer convocation.Clara Sohn, AM, is an elementary schoolprincipal in Jackson, Mich.Sterling Tatsuji Takeuchi, PhD, Japanese scholar and historian, is a visitinglecturer this year at Columbia University.Mary Phyllis Wittman, PhD '36, wasmarried on October 4, 1952, to ArthurHuffman of Joliet, 111. Mrs. Huffman hasbeen serving as an executive in psychologyfor the Illinois Department of PublicWelfare. Psychiatry to the rescuePerhaps it will be the psychiatrists, rather than the politicians,who will succeed in piercing theIron Curtain. Such is the hopefulspeculation of Florence O. Austin,'17, MD '18, who notes that "theRussians attended the World Federation for Mental Health in Mexico City last December. Maybe wecan break down the Iron Curtainand convert them to democracygradually."Dr. Austin attended the conference herself, and, in fact, has beenkept on the go pretty regularly inher efforts to promote mental health.She attended the First World Congress of Psychiatry in Paris in 1950,a flying trip which included practically all of the European capitals.Another flying venture, followingthe Mexico City conference, took herto many of the cities of SouthAmerica.Dr. Austin is a neuropsychiatristat the Veterans AdministrationNeuropsychiatric Hospital in LosAngeles.1932Frank M. Justin, AM '48, is with theFederal Security Agency in Washington,D. C.Louis Sass has been transferred by theGulf Oil Corp. from service in Venezuelato the company's New York office.Mary Waller had a good excuse for notattending her Class of '32's reunion lastJune, for she sailed on June 4 on the liede France for Paris where she planned tostudy at the Institut de Phonetique.1933Donald Pierson, PhD '39, has receiveda grant from the Brazilian government tocontinue research on five comparative community studies in the Sao Francisco valleyof Brazil. About 20 students are workingunder Dr. Pierson's direction on studiessimilar to that reported in Cruz das Almas: A Brazilian Village, published lastyear by the Smithsonian Institution.The Rev. Eunice Trumbo, who studiedin the Divinity school around 1933, hascompleted 15 years as pastor in Council,Idaho, by moving into a newly builtchurch, completed last Eastertime.1934Nelson J. Anderson, PhD, is Professorof Chemistry at Suffolk University in Boston, and a "guest" researcher at Mass. Institute of Technology.Hongkee Karl, PhD, is vice-minister inthe Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the Republic of Korea.Helen Louise Morgan, AM '36, sailedfor Turkey in August, where she willteach at the American Academy for Girlsin Istanbul for three years.1935John K. Rose, PhD, is working for theLegislative Reference Service of the Library of Congress.Frances Mayer (Mrs. Rodney Fisher) isdirector of social service at Western StatePsychiatric Institute in Pittsburgh.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELawrence E. Skinner, MD, in Tacoma,Wash., tells us that he is "still practicingmedicine in the same old stand— the clinicbuilding I built six years ago. Our kidsare growing up— will be entering collegein three more years and medical school inanother four. How about reserving a placeright now in the medical school for theclass entering in the fall of '59? We mayhave another candidate following five yearsafter that, too— you never can tell." Lawrence also reports that their daughter,Sally, 13, is a horsewoman, and thatJeanie, 6, is "being a lady these days."1936William and Lorraine Weaver are living in Hinsdale, 111., and raising a familyof three youngsters: Bill, Nancy, andBERTRAM HEADS LABOR RELATIONSRudolph F. Bertram, '35, AM '36,has completed a four-year tour ofduty abroad as acting labor attache,Office of the U. S. High Commissioner for Germany, to resume hisformer post as head of the labor relations office for the Tennessee Valley Authority.Serving in various capacities withthe former Office of Labor Affairsof the Military Government in Germany, Bertram has described thework of that office as "responsibility for observing developments in thefield of labor, and for assisting inthe development of sound democratic trade unions in Germany."To do this, the Office helpedtrade unions develop and improvetheir educational activities, especially in the training of youth. Itaided unions in studies of the laborcourts, unemployment among youth,apprenticeship training and otherbasic questions facing Germanlabor."Bertram, his wife, and their sonPeter, aged 13, all agree that it's"good to get home." Richard, who was one year old on August6. Lorraine obviously has a full-time job,and Bill is putting in a day's work asmanager of national accounts, Acme SteelCo.1937Johanna Agnes Buchinskas was marriedlast year to Vito Andriulis. They live at1937 S. 48th Court, Cicero, Illinois.Norbert Burgess is a salesman for theSanford Ink Co. His residence is in OakPark, 111.Linnea Margaret Burnette arrived atthe home of Wells D. Burnette, in Deer-field, Illinois, on September 5, 1952. Thelittle lady was keeping a September tradition. Dad and mother, brothers Markand James were all born in September.And the wedding was in September. In arut, aren't you, Wells? But there is aproblem. Wells is vice-president of Roosevelt College. Does Linnea Margaret go toRoosevelt or Chicago!John, JD '39, and Margaret MerrifieldClark, '39, have pretty well filled up thatnew home in Downers Grove with theirfamily of five youngsters. David Bruce, ayear old now, is the latest Clark edition.Raymond K. Hirsch is working for Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., in Granville, NewSouth Wales, where he is in charge of thechemical and physical testing laboratories.The Hirsches have two sons: Paul, 6, andStephen, 16 months. "We are quite proudof our house which is of face brick, with atile roof, since we did our own designing,drafting, estimating, ordering, sub-contracting, concreting, rough carpentry, and painting. Not a bad part-time occupation, buttime consuming."Frank E. Martin, who is with the U. S.Naval Research Laboratory in Washington,D. C, is chairman of the membership committee of the Washington section of theAmerican Institute of Electrical Engineers.He was co-author of a paper: "ContactTransients in Simple Electric Circuits,"which won second prize before the Washington Awards Committee of the Instituteand was published in the official AIEEjournal.Jane Morrison Dickerson, AM, has beena volunteer docent at the National Gallery in Washington, D. C, for the pasttwo years, along with her homemakingjob of raising three children.Janet E. Smith, AM '40, was marriedlast April 13 to Charles T. Bradley. Sheis now serving as chief of social services,State Welfare Dept., of Nevada.Jerome J. Sokolik is secretary of theRoyal Packing Co., in St. Louis, Mo. Hehas three children, the third, a boy, bornlast February 19.Jerome Waldman, SM '48, MD '42, isan orthopedic surgeon practicing in Highland Park and Waukegan, 111. The newestmember of the family is Janet Sue, whomust be close to eight months old bynow.Ruth Wolkow Schnider, SM, sends newsfrom San Francisco where she and husband, Jack, are settling down in their newhome. "I'm at Naval Radiological Defenselaboratory at Hunters Point (San Francisco Naval Shipyards) and Jack is advertising manager for an appliance companythat is the western manufacturers representatives. We have an apartment with aview of the ocean, and we're beginning tofeel settled."John DeWitt Worcester, MBA '40, wasmarried on April 26 to Madeleine Charlotte Simmons in Evanston, 111. CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits Its workto the university and college field. It isaffiliated with the Fisk Teachers Agency ofChicago, whose work covers all tlie educational fields. Both organizations assist inthe appointment of administrators as wellas of teachers.Our service is nation-wide.HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING. BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrcheiter 3-1579RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackion Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 4-3192YOUR FA VORITEFOUNTAIN TREATTASTESBETTERWHEN IT'S...A product of [ Swift & Company7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-7400NOVEMBER, 1952 27POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHeeves Typewriting MimeographingMultigrapning AddressingAddressograpn Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisPHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work A SpecialtyQuality Book Reproduction731 Plymouth CourtWAbaih 2-8182Platers- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD. SILVER. RHODIUMSILVERWARERepaired, ¦.eflaitaad, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoA. T. STEWART LUMBER CO.Qualify and ServiceSince 188879th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones Vlncennes 6-9000LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1 327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS'¦ SINCE I0O6 -? WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES ?+ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED ?? ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE *^rayneitw DALHflM .SCO.2801 W. 47TH ST.. CHICAGO. Clayton Loosli, Professor in the Department of Medicine at the U. of C, and aloyal brother of Alden Loosli, has furnishedus with the news that Alden has beennamed assistant to the general manager ofthe Calco Chemical Division, American Cy-anamid Co. Alden joined Calco in 1937as a student trainee and subsequently heldsupervisory positions in the various production departments of the chemical andintermediate division. He is a graduate ofthe Advanced Management Program of theHarvard Graduate School of Business Administration.1938Jules C. Alciatore, PhD, is Professor ofFrench at the University of Georgia.Lois W. Gallagher, AM, of the VA hospital in Downey, 111., has taken a positionas chief of social services at the FortWayne Veterans Hospital.Oliver R. Luerssen, MBA '39, took ayear off from his job as Assistant Professor of Business Administration at IllinoisWesleyan University, to study at the University of Illinois for certification as apublic accountant.Rodger B. Smith, MD, and his wifeadopted a babv hov, David, last spring.Clifford H. Theriault has been employed with the British Oil Co., Ltd., forthe past five years as a research engineerwith headquarters at Montreal East Refinery, Quebec.Eleanor Wright Kempf was a delegatefrom Colorado to the National Democratic Convention. Her two youngsters,Claudia, 9, and George, 8, attended theconvention, too, in an unofficial capacity.1939Alfred J. de Grazia, PhD '48, is Associate Professor of Political Science andExecutive Officer, Committee on Researchin Social Sciences, at Stanford University.Marione Kohn Sills has been living inNew York City for six years now butwrites that she is "still as thrilled as anewcomer with this fascinating city. Mydays are crammed with my career atMacy's as co-ordinator of their Better JobBureau, and my role of wife and home-maker. My husband is general sales manager of Rit Products Corp., a subsidiaryof the Best Foods Co. He, too, is a transplanted Chicagoan whom I had to cometo New York to meet. We were almostneighbors in Chicago, but the normalcourse of events in our lives there wouldnever have brought us together. Strangeare the fates."Kathryn R. Sulno, AM, (Mrs. EdmundSchindel) is manager of the cafeteria atEast High School in Aurora, 111.Edwin R. Walker, PhD, was appointedDean of Rollins College last June. Since1948, Walker had served as dean of theCollege of Arts and Sciences at FloridaState University. '1940John Alfred Bauer was married on May10, 1952 to Sanda L. Cross. John is assistant general foreman at the Whiting(Ind.) Petroleum Refinery.William H. East on, PhD, Professor ofGeology at the University of SouthernCalifornia, is on leave of absence for oneyear to study the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Williston Basin in Montana.After completing his study, he will go to LOOSLI MOVES UP IN CALCO CHEMWashington, D. C, to work in the National Museum on the history of theWilliston area.Fanne L. Farrin, AM, is a lieutenant intlie supply corps, U. S. Navy.Robert C. Jones, who took work in Social Service Administration, is surveyinglocal community self-help projects in theCaribbean area and Mexico.Donald McKinlay, JD, is a member ofthe law firm of Holme, Roberts, More,Owen & Keegan, in Denver, Colo.David Rockefeller, PhD, was recentlyappointed a senior vice-president of theChase National Bank, responsible for thesupervision of customer relations in theNew York metropolitan area. He will alsohave general supervision of the bank'seconomic research department.Heber C. Snell, PhD, has been teachingfor two years in the Evening School of theUtah StatV Agricultural College. He is theauthor of the college text, Ancient Israel:Its Story and Meaning. He was retired in1950 from the Institute of Religion inLogan, Utah.Louise Snow Randolph, who studied atthe University around 1940, sends thisnews from Tulsa, Okla.: "One of the highspots in the years since being at the University came a few weeks ago when myhusband and I had a surprise visit withProfessor Joseph Pijoan and his wife inLausanne, Switzerland. Mr. Pijoan was inthe Art Department in 1938 and was onewho made me love the University, andleave it— to pursue a craft specialty ofjewelry design. He and his wonderfullycharming Swiss wife are very happy buthomesick for the United States which theyhope to visit again in the near future.We were touring Europe in the companyof another U. of C. alum— Gerald Wesby,'20 and his wife after they exhibited seis-mographic equipment in Monaco."Lillian Wurzel, AM, continues in herposition as supervisor, medical social service department, Contra Costa County Hospital, in Martinez, Calif.1941Donald W. Baldwin, DB, is pastor ofthe Fern Hill Methodist Church in Tacoma, Washington.Burton G. Balsam is a chemical engineer in Highland Park, 111.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAmy Goldstein Philipson has a babydaughter, Jean, born last May 7, in Tem-ple- Gity,> ;Cal,i|. ,Robert* and Ruth Murray '43 Hughesadded another son lo their brood lastFebruary 19. He's Peter Richard andjoins Patty Lou, 6, and Robert, 3. Robert,Sr., writes, "Sorry "•"(> vhlissed our 10-yearreunion last June, but Patty's tonsillectomyocqurred that week-end. I promise' to-rat-tend our fiftieth reunion for sure," Howabout the . years in between, B<j>bp: ; ,Eloise Husmann Bergman's little daughter, Beth Elise, had her first birthday onJune 21, 1952*. ¦¦'¦ .:.:•¦James A. Schoenberger, MD '0, Assistant Professor ih the Department' di Medicine at the University of Illinbis, is ihOak Ridgfe, Tenfj., Studying ' the techniques of using radioisotopes in research.Ethel May Speas, AM. is now the executive secretary of the Eugenics Board of,North . Carolina and of the North Carolina, Mental Hygiene, Society, Inc.Dale Tillery did summer graduate work'at Berkeley prior t» starting a researchproject connected with his work in groupdynamics at the new Contra Costa JuniorCollege, Calif., ., msobUEvon Z. Vogt, AM '46, PhD '48, is Assistant Professor of Social Anthropologyin the Department of Social Relations atHarvard University. He has been continuing his research oil the1 N'avaho Indiansin the Southwest. He is spending the fallterm on leave of absence in Mexico wherehis wife, Naheen Hillcr, '4S, is teachingtheir three children with the Calvert system, and1 Evon is: researching and writing.James Watson, AM '45, PhD '48, a resident of St. Louis; Mo., was elected president (1952-53) of the Central StateV Anthropological As'sociatibrt. This past surh-mer he was! a visiting professor at Start-ford University. "! trtut'lill ni osodi'.':it yen .YalfaX ?rml Tjumstn'jJ vstn>i;->{ i: t.f.ti .irolyiaX-JK/I W-nji'lT ,l<!id>>:'l uiIT "lln'jinqol'SWf* •jmo'i ."hi; t-'i !.'!'>Diego Dominguez Caballero, AM, at-;tended the TJniversidad Central de Madacidlast year where he was awarded his PhDdegree, with the highest honors j that theUr^versity bestows. |,i0.II;n' .,,!, "Y(| b.„. Robert J. McKinsey, JD '47, formerlycounsel for the Export-Import Bank ofWashington, D. C, has announced theestablishment of his law firm, Holbrookand McKinsey, in Washington, D. C.Robert G. Nunn, Jr., JD, has joinedthe law firm of Dix, Dix, Patrick, Rat-cliffe & Nunn, in Terre Haute, Ind.John B. Riddle, MBA, a lieutenant inthe Navy, is at present with the Bureauof Aeronautics in Washington, D. C.Mary Elizabeth Schutz, BLS '48, is alibrarian at the University of Notre Dame.Lt. George H. Seymour was recalled toactive duty by the Navy last January. Hecompleted the Air Intelligence course atthe School of Naval Intelligence in Washington, D. C, and our latest informationis that he was awaiting a carrier for deployment to combat. "Seems as thoughI've heard this song before, as did so manyof my campus friends," George observed.Joseph R. Simmler sends in an. itemfrom Kirkwood, Mo., for the "personals"column: "Hey, Jimmie Alexander! Howabout dropping a line to your old roommate."William G. Stryker, AM, was awardedhis PhD in English from Stanford University last January. As Assistant Professor of English at Texas Christian University he is now teaching literature andlinguistics. He is also continuing researchin the field of his dissertation, which wasa study of the literary sources of an 11thcentury Latin-Old English glossary.Robert W. Twyman, AM, PhD '50, hasbeen promoted to the rank of AssociateProfessor of History at Bowling GreenUniversity.1 .joiUi'¦:.:-'•:) ,o)frowT ,Edith Bjornson Surrey is director of anursery school in Scarborough, New York.Betty Carlsten Pex, AM '46, reports thather teaching efforts, since leaving the faculty of the University of Hawaii in 1949,have been concentrated on her two delightful daughters, Barbara Jean, bornMarch 17, 1950, and Carolyn Marie, bornDecember 20, 1951.Donald Dewey writes from Durham,N. C, that he is "thriving to the extentof 210 pounds."Edward A. Friend has opened a law office in San Francisco.Richard A. Mugalian, JD '47, is a partner in the law firm of Wooster, Mugalianand O'Gonnell. ) 1:1Carroll Russell (Mrs. Albert Sherer, Jr.)writes that she and her husband are appreciating their assignment in Washingtonafter their rim of overseas jobs. Mr. Shereris a foreign service officer oh the Romanian desk in the State department. Theyhave two children: Peter, 6, and Susan, 5.Betty Urquhart, SM, left this summerfor Kyoto, Japan, where she will be aneducational missionary.;-tM,„hROCKEFELLER SENIOR VICE PRESIDENTOF NEW YORK'S CHASE NATIONAL BANK John H. Carlson writes that he has"thoroughly enjoyed a year on Staten Island as pastor 'of the CongregationalChurcih."1Dunlap W. Oleson, MD '46, has enteredthe private practice of pediatrics at theSarasota Medical Clinic in Florida.Elizabeth Rosenheim (Mrs. Arthur Hepner) is living in New York City whereshe is doing research in housing and cityplanning. LA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOfher PlantsBoston — New York — Philadelphia —Syracuse — Cleveland — Detroit"You Might As Well Have Trie Best"BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone REgent 4-6000GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdiie 3-3186TELEVISIONRentals — sales New & ReconditionedRADIOSRadio-TV ServiceELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators Dishwashers DriersWashers Air Conditioners FreezersSPORTING GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSLPs ft 45sFmp -olleetion tor children935 E. SSth StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700Julian A. Tishler, '33NOVEMBER, 1952 29Ajax Waste Paper Co.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, CR 7-2668BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoGolden DirilyteIfcrmtrly Dirigald)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID — NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlioCrystal Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDiriya, Inc.'0 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4. III.Telephone HAymarlcat 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributors otFOEtGtEEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITi ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water Marketrjcrurm-r in i ucrncAi noocrcrsleuwvdELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.omnium. Miaiiicuisit ill Jslii'i slELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewood 4-7500 Rutledge Vining, PhD, Professor of Statistics and Economics, has been named acting chairman of the newly organizedSchool of Business Administration at theUniversity of Virginia.Richard S. Williams has been serving aspastor of the Washington Avenue Presbyterian Church in Saginaw, Mich., sinceJune, 1951.1945Frieda E. Dreyer, BLS, is a librarian atthe Sawtelle Veterans Administration Hospital in Los Angeles, Calif.Daniel Goldberger, AM 50, and his wife,Ida Paiiukin, '46, are living in Denver,Colo., where Daniel is the rabbi of Congregation Beth Joseph. They have twosons: Joel Philip, born last May 29, andDavid, who is two years old.Paul H. Ku.suda, AM '49, is a researchassociate, Division for Children andYouth, of the Wisconsin Department ofPublic Welfare. He wrote last spring thathe and his wife were expecting their firstbaby in August.Kay C. Montgomery, PhD '49, is Assistant Professor of Psychology at CornellUniversity. Her son, Scott, has passed theone-year mark.Capt. Erling B. Struxncss, MD, who wasrecalled to active duty in the Air Forcein April, 1951, is now stationed at theClark Air Force Base Hospital in Manila.Jerome Taylor, AM, Assistant Professorof English at Dartmouth College, has beenawarded an American Council of LearnedSocieties fellowship for study of medievalLatin Literature at the Pontifical Instituteof Medieval Studies, Toronto, Canada.Myron L. Tripp, JD, is teaching at Wil-berforce University in Dayton, Ohio.Eugene J. VanScott, MD '48, has leftthe University Clinics and is now in theDepartment of Dermatology and Syphilologyat the University of Pennsylvania.Cheryl Yungmeyer, BLS '48, is a research librarian for Time, Inc., in NewYork City.1946Jane Anspaugh was married on August23, 1952, to J. E. Clary.John D. Arnold, MD, is with the U. S.Public Health Service in Joliet, 111.George H. Faust, PhD, was married lastJune 14 to Marie Elizabeth Center. Faustis Assistant Professor of History and Political Science at Fenn College, where hiswife is assistant to the dean of the Schoolof Business Education and an instructorin secretarial studies.Anna M. Fisher, SM, has been appointedconsultant in nursing in the U. S. Point 4program in El Salvador. Miss Fisher assumes an important function in the newnursing school being built in El Salvadorwhere the nurses will be trained to staffthe hospitals and health centers built bythe cooperative health and sanitation program that has been operating in El Salvador since 1942.Duncan Maclntyre, AM, has been promoted to the rank of associate professorin the School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University.Bertram E. Rifas, AM '50, has returnedto the Midway for his Ph.D. in economicswhich he hopes to secure next year. Heand his wife (Bernice Richter, AM 49)were in Washington for a time. I hen theymoved to Kansas City where Bert helpedoperate the Commonwealth Hotel for hisfather. Recently it was sold and re-namedthe Hotel Kansascitian. John Tait Sloan is an assistant editor ofEdit, Inc., in Chicago.Frank and Lola Penning ('38) Townsendhave a baby daughter, born on February11, 1952, whose name is Jane Ellen.1947Dugald Arbuckle, PhD, had a busysummer. He was a consultant at a Guidance Workshop at Colorado State College,attended the Institute in Guidance andPersonnel at Boston University (his homebase) and took a course in counseling atNew York University.George H. Crandell, MBA, was recalledto active duty in the Navy two years agoand has been serving most recently as Assistant Professor of Naval Science atNorthwestern University for NROTC students. He hoped to be a civilian againthis fall and return to his old job as anengineer in the general staff engineeringdepartment of 111. Bell Telephone Co.George is married and has one son whowas one year old last July.Aaron Ganz, PhD 50, was in Oak Ridgethis summer as a summer research participant in the medical division of theOak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies.He and his wife returned to Memphis inSeptember where Ganz is an assistant professor of pharmacology at the Universityof Tennessee Medical Units Division. Hiswife is a teacher in the third grade in theMemphis public school system.Earl and Judith Held Isbell are in Gar-dena, Calif., where Earl is pastor of theAlondra Park Community MethodistChurch. The Isbells have a third son, ayear old September 21. Scott is four andRand is two.From Irene Kelley Newlon, AM '50,comes this greeting from Richland, Wash.:"To those in Human Development whomay remember Irene Kelley, my firstchild, Theresa Kae Newlon, was a yearold in July. Some development!" The father of this development is Robert E. Newlon, AM '49.Morris Margolies, AM, has been namedJewish chaplain of the X corps in Korea.Robert F. Pearse, PhD '50, has been appointed by the Harold Howard Co., industrial and management engineering consultants, to head its executive and development department. In this position,Pearse is responsible for executive selection, training and psychological testing programs for companies served by the HowardCo.Ruth Stenvick, AM, was married lastDec. 20 to Lt. Col. A. J. Casey, AdjutantGeneral Corps, U. S. Army. Previous toWho's Who in the WestPeter F. Loewen, AM '31, has dugup some interesting facts about thecollegiate background of distinguished westerners.He has discovered, for instance,that 11 out of every 1,000 personslisted in the Who's Who in the Westhold the bachelor's* degree from theUniversity of Chicago, which ranksninth among the Universities of thecountry in this rating. For those witha doctoral degree, the University isin seventh ranking.Loewen's complete report appearsin the April 19, 1952 issue ofSchool and Society.30 THE UNIVERSITY "OF CHICAGO MAGAZINES. 0. s.Mildred G. Christian, PhD '32,Professor of English at Tulane University, writes that she is launchedon a definitive edition of the lettersof Charlotte Bronte. She sends outthis appeal:"I would greatly appreciate anyinformation about the presentwhereabouts of her letters or ofthose of her family or friends."She can be reached at NewcombCollege, Tulane University, N.O.18, La.her marriage, she had been employed ascase supervisor at the Minneapolis VAHospital and was a member of the University of Minnesota faculty as an instructor in social work.Uwamie Tomiyasu was graduated lastJune from The Woman's College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.Frank J. (JD '48) and Virginia PlacWrobel '44, write that they are "happy toannounce the birth of a third son, JohnGregory, on February 23, 1952. FrankStanley was two on March 11, and StanleyJohn was one year old March 18. Lying-Inis doing rushing business for us."1948Philip H. Arend is a supervisor in thedepartment of fish and game of the stateof California.John Campiche, MD '51, has taken aresidency in anesthesiology at BlodgettMemorial Hospital in Grand Rapids,Mich.Rolf Dessauer, SM 49, is a chemist atthe Jackson Laboratory, DuPont Co., inDeepwater, N. J.Evelyn A. Eigelbach, AM '51, is teaching6th grade at Ballard School in Louisville,Ky., and doing college enrollment workin spare moments.Pfc. Roger Hancock, AM '51, is withthe 936th field artillery battalion in Korea,serving first as a canoneer and more recently as a telephone lineman and switchboard operator. He arrived in Korea lastFebruary after finishing basic training atFort Sill.Mary Joanne Hoff was married onAugust 16, 1952, to John J. Hatvagner.The couple is residing at West Lafayette,Ind., where John is completing his studiesat Purdue University.John H. Jackson, AM, is teaching socialstudies and English at Roosevelt JuniorHigh School in Milwaukee.Johanna Krout, PhD, a practicing psychologist in Chicago, was married on September 7, 1952, to Julius Tabin, 40, PhD'44.Channing Lush bough, AM '52, andEloise" Turner, '48, AM '50, were marriedon September 1 in the First UnitarianChurch of Chicago. Channing is workingon his doctorate at the University thisyear, and Eloise is librarian at the GagePark High School.Edward F. McDonough, Jr., has left hisjob with the Institute of Management andLabor Relations at Rutgers University tobecome training and communications director at the New York and PennsylvaniaCo., in Johnsonburg, Pa. John E. Pederson, JD, is "practicing lawin Milwaukee, and continuing to teachpart-time at Marquette's College of Business Administration. There is a newdaughter in the Pederson's home: AnneLouise, born April 29, 1952, to keep JohnJr., 3, company.Paul E. Singer is now on duty with theU. S. Air Force as a meteorologist.David M. Sloan, JD '51, is a law clerkfor a federal judge in Danville, 111.Martin F. Sturman is interning at Gal-linger Municipal Hospital in Washington,D. C, after receiving his MD from theState University of New York, College ofMedicine at Syracuse last spring.John C. Watt is with the U. S. ForestService, in Alturas, Calif. "I am foremanof a 10-man inmate planting crew fromSan Quentin prison. We are replanting asevere burn of last summer with pineseedlings."Robert E. Young was married on August6, 1952, to Eugenia Glezer, a student atNew York University. Robert is studyingat Columbia University Law School.1949J. Richard Bockelman, AM, JD '51, hasresigned as attorney for the Chicago office of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission to become associated with the Chicago law firm of Schrodzke, Gould, Ratneiand Burton. He also continues to teacheconomics and business law at the IllinoisInstitute of Technology.Norman Graebner, PhD, has been appointed Associate Professor of History atStanford University.William J. Mayer-Oakes, AM, is fieldarchaeologist for the Carnegie Museum inPittsburgh. He has made headline newsrecently by the discovery and identification of an ancient spearhead that maylink the cultures of North and CentralAmerica.Ruth I. Plumb, AM, is a social serviceworker in St. Lukes Hospital in Chicago.Lincoln Reed, DB, is the pastor of theCongregational Church of WashingtonPark in Denver, and the father of fourdaughters. Barbara Grace was born lastFebruary 12, on her father's birthday."Fellow seminarians here in Denver areGene Van Kranenburgh, '49, and LesterSoberg, '50, of the Kirk of Bonnie Braeand the First Plymouth Congregationalrespectively."Samuel L. Rodriguez-Amador, PhD, isAssociate Professor of Business Administration, University of Puerto Rico.Geraldine Skinner, SM, is Assistant Professor of Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, L. A.William R. Smith is a mathematicianin the Department of Defense, Washington, D. C.George J. Staubus, MBA, has acceptedan appointment as Acting Professor ofBusiness Administration, School of Business Administration, University of California at Berkeley.Annabelle Zweiban was married onAugust 2^, 1952, to David Silverberg.1950Charles H. Arnold, DB, is pastor of thePlymouth Congregational Church in Danville, 111.Jean Autret, PhD, was appointed Chairman of the Department of Romance Languages at Wells College, Aurora, N. Y., onJuly 1st. PARKER-HOLSMANc 9.'" ""^""'""il'"""'*""".!^ v~^OTe'aTToHr""sVReal Estate and Insurance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525RESULTS . . .depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Adressographing -FoldingMailing - Copy Preparation - MultilithA Complete Service for Direct AdvertisersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn - Chicago 5 - WA 2-4561PENDERCatch Baiin and Sewer ServiceBeck Water Valves, Sumps-Pumpi6670 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEr Alrl.i 4-OISSPENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608LOWER YOUR COSTSWAGE INCENTIVESEMPLOYEE TRAININGPERSONNEL PROCEDURESIMPROVED METHODSJOB EVALUATIONROBERT B. SHAPIRO '33, DIRECTORNOVEMBER, 1952 31BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendantsW. B. Conkey Co.Division ofRand M?Nally& CompanyCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEWYORKSince 1B85ALBERTTeachers' AgencyHie bast In placement larvlce for University,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write us si25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisTelephone K En wood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL mS~826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLTREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMUseum 4-4500Guaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body. Paint, Simonlie, Washand Greasing Department* James M. Blaut has a two-year appointment at the University of Malaya, as lecturer in geography. He is also doing research on peasant farming.Al Bruggemeyer, MBA '52, writes thathe is slaving away, happily, as a financialanalyst for the Standard Oil Co., N. J.Al is living in New York City, hobnobbingwith ex-classmate Salvador Marzullo whois now studying psychology at ColumbiaUniversity and awaiting the arrival of apotential class of 70 UCer.Harold R. Harding is assistant treasurer of the Koinouia Foundation in Baltimore. His father, Glenn Harding, '21, isthe executive director.Robert S. Jacobs is a student at theHarvard Law School.News comes from Ensign Ashton Krugaboard the U. S. S. Pickaway that lifeis anything but dull in the Navy. Aftera stint at' the Navy Supply Corps Schoolin Bayonne, N, J., he was ordered to the"Pick" as disbursing officer last April.William P. Murphy writes that he isrecovering rapidly in the VA MadisonHospital from his slight pulmonary tuberculosis, contracted a few years ago."Am writing lots of what is perhaps poetry, am doing drawings, and continue tokeep very interested in the University."August T. Nakagawa, SM '52, left Chicago last spring for Japan, where she willwork with the U. S. Army, in a civilancapacity, in the geographic branch.Pvt. William E. Peccolo, is now on security duty with the 1st Cavalry Divisionin Japan.John A. Pond, MBA, is director of purchase, New York University, BellevueMedical Center. He has recently beenelected treasurer and a director of theNational Association of Educational Buyers. He writes that his wife and two sons,Robert and Jeffrey, are enjoying New England. "We live in an old Connecticuthome on a hillside covered with beautiful flowers and dogwood trees. Would liketo see visitors from Chicago."Archie S. Wilson, SM, PhD '51, is a research chemist with the General ElectricCo., at the Hanford Atomic Energy Works."Wonderful country (Richland/ Wash.)wonderful weather," he writes. Archie'snewsnote also included word that a thirdbaby is due this fall.Eleanor K. Taylor, AM, is a teacher atthe School of Social Work at Iowa StateUniversity.Murray J. Young, SM, is a meteorologistfor Pan American Airways in Lima, Peru.1951Hilary G. Fry, AM, director of the Reynolds Club while working on his degree,is now dean of students at Hiram (Ohio)College.Marshall Hodgson, PhD, completed hisstudies in India last spring, under a Fulbright grant, and is now in Germanywhere he will study at the University ofFrankfurt.Barbara R. Horvitz is a computer atMassachusetts Institute of Technology.Kurt O. Konietzko expected to be discharged from the Navy in September andto continue his studies in psychology atTemple University in Philadelphia. Hisfamily consists of a wife, and their year olddaughter, Deborah Kay.Harold M. Madsen, MBA, is administrative assistant to the general manager ofmanufacturing of Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. His assignment will include study of organization plans, policies, methods, andprocedures.Lowell J. Myers, MBA, of Chieago tookthe Certified Public Accountant examination last May and passed all subjects without a flutter.Helen M. Perks, AM, is working for theArmy at Camp San Luis Obispo, Calif., asa position classifier. "This is a long wayfrom educational guidance and counseling,but does require the application of interviewing techniques learned under Rogers,and research methods and principles ofadministration."Ralph M. Stephan, MD, has taken aresidency in obstetrics and gynecology atBlodgett Memorial Hospital in Grand Rapids, Mich.Martha E. Warstler, AM, is assistant director in charge of nursing education ofBall Memorial School of Nursing, associatedwith Ball State Teachers College in Muncie,Ind.Osceolo G. Williams, AM, is in NewOrleans, and is writing for the New OrleansVoice. He is also assistant director of theCarver Baptist Mission for underprivilegedNegro children. He teaches a class of retarded children during the day, and has anadult class in the evening.1952Anna Mayo, AM, is a medical socialworker at the Children's Hospital in Boston.fv/emorialEdward D. Howland, MD '86, died onMarch 27, 1952.Stacy C. Mosser, '97, died on September4, 1952, at Albuquerque, N. M.Herbert S. Walker, '00, died on June 11.1952, at his home in the Philippines. Achemist by profession, Mr. Walker firstwent to the Philippines in 1903 as a chemistin the Bureau of Science. His life was devoted to both the practical and theoreticalaspects of the sugar industry, and in 1928he organized his Tropic Products Co., inthe Philippines.Averill Tilden, who took work at theUniversity around 1907, died on June 26,1952, at the age of 63. Mr. Tilden hadbeen prominent in Chicago financial circlesfor many years. At the time of his death hewas a partner in Tilden Bros. & Granisand a director of Poor & Co.William E. Jones, JD '13, died of a heartattack in Chicago on August 9, 1952. Hehad been on the legal staff of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co!, since1929. At the time of his death, he wasassistant general counsel of the company.James W. Buchanan, PhD '21, died onJune 27, 1952, at his home in Los Angeles,of a heart attack. One of the nation's leading zoologists, Dr. Buchanan was also chairman of the division of biological sciencesin the College of Letters, Arts and Sciencesof the University of Southern California.He is survived by his wife, Pearle Oliver,'17, and their two sons, James and William.Joseph B. Duggan, '24, JD '26, died onJune 21, 1952, in New York City at the ageof 50. Mr. Duggan had been a member ofthe New York law firm of Townley, Updike,and Carter since 1940.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE CIDER MILLEverything looked the same and yet everything might have been so differentSometimes, on crisp fall days, you cannotice the sweet, rich smell of russetapples a good hundred yards before youcome to Bailey's Cider Mill down on theOld County Road. It drifts out of thepresses and hangs low over the ground andreminds you of Halloween and Thanksgiving and all of the good things of autumnrolled into one.It reminded Harry Mason, driving backfrom a business trip to a neighboring town,of all those things and something more —that it would be a wonderful idea to takehome some apples and a jug of Bailey'sfamous cider.A few moments later he eased his caroff the road and pulled to a stop at theside of the mill. It was the first time hehad been there for some years, and afterhe got out of his car he stood and lookedaround him for a moment, refreshing hismemory and trying to see if there wereany signs of change.Everything looked the same. The millwas as he had always remembered it. Theapple orchards looked full and orderly asthey always had. And the old Baileyhomestead still sat on top of the knoll, tranquil among the giant elms that surrounded it.Harry Mason nodded thoughtfully. Thewhole place had an air of peace and permanence — and that was good. It was goodbecause that was what Tom Bailey hadworked for and planned for right up to thetime of his death. Peace and permanence.Security for his wife Nora and for hisson Roger.Tom Bailey had had a taste of insecurityin his own younger days, Harry remembered. His father had left the orchards andthe mill to him so burdened with debtsand mortgages and taxes that for severalyears it was touch and go whether Tomcould keep the place at all. It took a lot ofwork — with a little luck thrown in — forhim to get "out from under" and put theorchards on a paying basis.Harry glanced up again at the old houseon the hill, recalling how he and TomBailey had sat there evenings makingplans so the Baileys' security would not bejeopardized again. Enough life insuranceto pay for help to keep the place runningwithout digging into Nora's income fromit. A separate New York Life policy for Roger's schooling. Some extra life insurance to take care of estate taxes and otherobligations that might otherwise causesome of the land to be sold ......Yes, Harry thought, the old mill hadan air of peace and permanence — and thatwas good. It was the thing Tom Baileyhad sought for his family . . . and the thingHarry, as a New York Life agent, hadhelped others build for theirs. Harrysmiled a little to himself as he turned andwalked around to the broad doorway atthe front of the mill.FEW OCCUPATIONS offer a man so much inthe way of personal reward as life underwriting. Many New York Life agents arebuilding very substantial futures for themselves by helping others plan ahead fortheirs. If you would like to know moreabout a life insurance career, talk it overwith the New York Life manager in yourcommunity— or write to the Home Officeat the address below.NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY51 Madison Avenue. New York 10, N. Y.Naturally, names u.ed in this story art fictitious.iiq the winesNo matter how you travel— b;yon are protected by a sandwich of shatterproof glass ass, sea9 or air—Birds flying in the airways . . . pounding waves at sea . . .emergencies on the highway or railroad— these are amongthe many things that can cause broken windshields andwindows while you are traveling.That's why the windshields of America's sky giants todayare made to withstand hail, wind pressure . . . and collisionwith even an eight pound bird at the plane's cruising speed.ELIMINATING A SOURCE OF DANGER — Today thedanger of razor-sharp pieces of flying glass has been virtually eliminated. Most cars, trucks, trains, and oceanliners now have safety glass as standard equipment.In making safety glass a sandwich of glass is made witha tough, clear plastic spread called vinyl butyral resin. It'sthis plastic that holds the razor-sharp pieces safely in placeif the glass is broken. home furnishings, kitchenware and appliances. They arealso essential to modern rainwear, paint, electrical insulation, and high-strength adhesives and bonding materials.UCC AND mOBmn PIASTICS-The people of UnionCarbide, working with the glass industry, developed thisplastic for modern safety glass. This and a variety of otherplastics are but a few of many better UCC materials thathelp industry serve all of us.STUDENTS easid STUDENT ADVISEES: Learn more about the manyfields in which Union Carbide offers career opportunities. Write forthe free illustrated booklet "Products and Processes'9 which describes the various activities of UCC in the fields of Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals, Gases, and Plastics. Ask for booklet J-2.5- Otherforms of highly versatile plastics go into your newest AND CARBON CORPORATION80 EAST 42ND STREET PHI NEW YORK 17, N.Y.,¦ UCC's Trade-marked Products of Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals, Gases, and Plastics include-Bakelite, Krene, and Vinylite Plastics • Dynel Textile Fibers • Linde Oxygen • Synthetic Organic ChemicalsElectromet Alloys and Metals • Haynes Stellite Alloys • Prest-O-Lite Acetylene • Pyrofax GasEVEREADY Flashlights and Batteries • NATIONAL Carbons • ACHESON Electrodes ¦ PRESTONE and TREK Anti-Freezes