UCH IS A Hb^s iran's rough nationathe french enjoy **'in indochina?Ihe dutch windmills40f could india teachAlWEIDE EQUAL AREA OBLIQUE WITH POLES AT 35*Pe Student Prince — 1952 Edition Milton S. Mayer APPROXIMATE SCALE ON THE HORIZONTAL AXISCOPYRIGHT 1951 ALLEN K. PHILBRICKA New Oblique World Projectionby Allen K. PhilbrickROCKEFELLER MEMORIAL CHAPELGenerousDonorshave providedthe Buildings.will toh help pay for the Education and Researchwhich go on inside them?NATHAN GOLDBLATT MEMORIAL HOSPITALHARPER MEMORIAL LIBRARY We are fortunate in having buildings which make ourcampus, our equipment, among the finest in the world.And, even more fortunately, we have a faculty withoutpeer.But the cost of the University — its teaching, its research — must be met from outside sources. The incomefrom endowment and from tuition fails to meet this cost.We hope that you, believing in the importance of agreat, living, free university, with a high tradition to preserve, will help keep the University as great as it was inyour day.Any contribution will be valued. A gift of $100 ormore will enter your name in the Century Club.It is still your University. And it still needs your help.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOALUMNI FOUNDATION5733 University Avenue Chicago 37 IllinoisSTAGG TO RETURN FOR 90TH BIRTHDAYJune Reunion FeaturesRevels: Birth of a SalesmanALONZO AND STELLA STAGG, loved by literally all generations of Chicago alumni,will return to the Midway for the Spring Reunion, June 4-7.Chicago will help the Grand Old Man celebrate his 90th birthday. The Order of theC will fete him at the annual dinner. Coach Stagg will speak at the Alumni Assembly.Both Mr. and Mrs. Stagg will join Chancellor and Mrs. Kimpton at a reception inHutchinson Court the Saturday afternoon of the Interfraternity Sing.Thursday evening of Reunion Week the faculty will entertain the alumni at theannual Revels review: The Birth of a Salesman, "featuring academics anonymous."Not so anonymous Chancellor Kimpton will also be featured.The book is by Harry Kalven (Law) and John Hutchens (Chairman, Physiology),and original music by Howard Talley (Music). It is one of the most rollicking showsin recent years. If these musical sales skits can be applied practically to the University'sfinancial problems, we can dispense with this year's Alumni Fund!STILL CHICAGO S GRAND OLD MANJUNE REUNION PROGRAMJune 4 through 7WEDNESDAY, JUNE 45:00 P.M. OWL & SERPENT CONVENTIONQuadrangle ClubSpeaker: Robert MerriamTHURSDAY, JUNE 53:30 P.M. ALUMNI-VARSITY BASEBALL GAMEStagg Field6:30 P.M. ORDER OF THE C DINNERQuadrangle ClubHonoring A. A. Stagg3:30 P.M. THE BIRTH OF A SALESMANMandel HallFaculty Revels ($2.00)FRIDAY, JUNE 6Class Reunions19*12 Reception and dinnerQuadrangle Club1917 Dinner PartyPlace to be announced.1918 Dinner PartyQuadrangle Club1927 Dinner party and EntertainmentWindermere East Ball Room1932 Dinner PartySherry Hotel1942 To be announced SATURDAY, JUNE 712 Noon ALUMNAE BREAKFASTJudson Court dining room12:30 P.M. EMERITUS CLUB LUNCHEONQuadrangle Club Solarium12:30 P.M. CITATION LUNCHEONQuadrangle Club Library .12.:30 P.M. CLASS OF 1907 LUNCHEONQuadrangle Club1:00 P.M. 1916-17 CLASS LUNCHEONCoffee Shop3:30 P.M. ALUMNI ASSEMBLYMandel HallAlumni GiftAwarding of citationsAmos Alonzo StaggChancellor L. A. Kimpton4:00 P.M. HUTCHINSON COURT RECEPTIONChancellor and Mrs. KimptonCoach and Mrs. A. A. Stagg4:00 P.M. CLASS OF 1937 COCK FAILPARTYShoreland Hotel6:00 P.M. SENATE DINNER ANDSTUDENT AWARDSJudson Court Dining Hall8:45 P.M. 42nd ANNUAL INTERFRATERNITY SINGHutchinson Court Chattanooga anonymousWith $2 inclosed, the following notearrived from Chattanooga: "For a largerand livelier reunion, print the following:PERSONAL— Alone again and lonely.I still dream of you and wonder— willI see you at reunion? X."Fraternity requirements relaxedFraternity pledging regulations have beenmodified. A College student may petitionto join a fraternity as soon as he has fulfilled his college residence hall requirements, has been in the College one year,and is a student in good standing.Residence hall regulations require thatthe student live in a hall or at home until he is 18.Previous rushing regulations required thatthe student complete all but four compre-hensives and be 18 years of age. This prevented his joining a fraternity until his lastyear in College.In the familyMaybe our theory is correct:Alumni who are members of the Association and who read the Magazine aremore enlightened.They value an alumni headquarters oncampus and are willing to share in itssupport. They are also more generous inthe support of Alma Mater.Add this to the evidence:As we write, the first general mailing forthe 1952 Gift campaign is two weeks old.Response to this mailing alone has been1600 contributions totaling $29,000.Gifts from members 61%Average gift $17.36Median gift $10.25Gifts from non-members 39%Average gift $8.26Median gift $5.69 •Frederick H. TrachtFriendly Fred Tracht was the Bookstoremanager for scores of years until his retirement a few years back. On April 4, 1952,he died, after an extended illness. Fredwas not an alumnus but his two boys are;Melvin, '41, is purchasing agent for IllinoisInstitute of Technology; Vernon, '43,AM'46, is a chief psychologist at MercyHospital, Chicago.— H. W. M.MAY, 1952 1(A->ookdby Faculty and AlumniA DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THEAMERICAN PEOPLE. By Avery Craven,Walter Johnson, and F. Roger Dunn.Ginn and Company, 1951. Pp. 872.Every historian who has been introducedas one at a party knows the well-bred,"Oh, how interesting!" which really means"How dull!" when it is voiced by oneof the victims of that catechism on datesand Presidencies which still seems to liveon as history instruction in some quarters. There are, however, more and morereasons to hope that the study of historywill not much longer be equated withrote learning of inert facts; and thisbook, intended for use in introductoryor survey courses in American civilization, illustrates several of these reasons.One is increased reliance on originalsource materials as teaching aids, orit would be better to say, as learning aidsfor the student to take up for himself.Another reason for hope is the emphasiswhich is being placed on that individualcriticism of documents which makeseveryman his own historian. The firstselection of reading in this volume is, infact, Carl Becker's essay on just thattheme. This then is not only a documentary record but also an invitation to college students to interrogate the past forthemselves and in doing so to developtheir critical powers.The compilers of the book, ProfessorsAvery Craven and Walter Johnson ofthe University of Chicago and ProfessorF. Roger Dunn of the State Universityof New York, open each of eight majordivisions of the book with a succinct butcomprehensive survey which ought certainly to enable the reader to see thesubsequent readings in perspective. Theprinciple of division is chronologicalrather than topical.Each reading has its own introductionindicating the particular situation whichmoved the author to speak or write.The purpose of these two kinds of explanatory material is obviously not totell the reader what to think but ratherto put the knowledge and insight oftrained historians at his disposal.To say that a book is documentary isnot to describe it fully. Many sourcebooks are available, and they are notall alike. A collection of documents mayconsist largely of constitutions, court decisions, statutes, and treaties which maybe called the official voice of a nation;it may rely heavily on records of colorful or characteristic events in the livesof individual men and women or ofgroups; or it may be a sample of thereligious, social, economic, educational,or artistic thought of a people.This book * contains matter^ whichmight apear in any of these types- but itemphasizes the ideas and conditionswhich underlie public policy. Not lawsbut their well-springs in attitudes towardliberty, authority, industrialism, worldaffairs, and many other elements of history are the aspects of American civilization which figure here. Little is said ofthe fine arts, philosophy, and popularculture; and one may wish for more.The volume is, however, about as fatas a book intended for general student use can be. The addition of many morereadings would require much cutting ofthe selections which do appear. Suchfragmentation of the sources of historywould make thorough examination ofany one topic impossible, which woulddefeat the purpose of the book.Richard J. StorrLecturer, Social SciencesThe CollegeBriefly NotedA PROTESTANT MANIFESTO. By Winfred Garrison, B.D., PhD '97. Abingdon-Cokesbury Press. 1952.This book explores the entire matter ofbeing a Protestant: What is Protestantism? What do Protestants affirm?What do they deny?Admitting that he uses the term"manifesto" in a free and loose sensewith no implication of authority, Dr.Garrison points out that all Protestantshave in common a great body of beliefsand attitudes. There is also a vast bodyof beliefs that all Protestants reject. InA PROTESTANT MANIFESTO he examines all these reasons and explainsthem.In Dr. Garrison's opinion, the presentdegree of unity among Protestant groupsis not enough, but the degree of unitythat does exist should be recognized andutilized so far as it can be.Dr. Garrison is Professor Emeritus ofChurch History of the University, andhas served for 28 years as literary editorof The Christian Century. THE NATURE OF NUMBER-An Ap.proach to Basic Ideas of Modern Mathematics. By Roy Dubisch, '38, SM '40,PhD '43. Ronald Press, 1952. $4.This is a book especially written for thoseseeking a direct and understandableway to gain an over-all view of whatmodern mathematics is about, an insight into the nature of its theory as aconstantly expanding subject in whichideas and not manipulative techniqueshave the dominant role, and an acquaintance with the types of abstract problems that present-day mathematiciansare interested in and working on.A major purpose of the author is toprovide a means of avoiding the discouraging difficulties and confusion ofthinking that arise from attempts tocover too much subject matter or toomany aspects of it. To this end thetreatment holds to following throughone limited but typical segment of mathematical thought. .The style of the book is engaginglyinformal, and there is a liberal use ofhistory, anecdote, and humor to highlight and impress significant ideas. Included are problems by which the readercan test his understanding of concepts,solutions and answers for comparison, anappendix which gives brief descriptionsof some more technical matters, and alist of books for further reading.The book is of especial interest tothose preparing to teach mathematics.Mr. Dubisch is Associate Professor ofMathematics at Fresno State College.PROVE ITThe following are from the Dictionary of Americanisms (U. of C. Press).Guess the dates they first appeared inprint. If you have proof of an earlierdate, quote or clip the excerpt show-Date the Americanism1 Gimmick 19182. Doodle (noun) . . 19033. Bull (foolish talk) 19144. Humdinger 19165. Farm Lobby 19036. Sunday supplementl9197. Duffle bag 19198. Folding money 19269. Debunk ......... 190310. Jitney (nickel) ..1903. 11. Rubber check ....191812. Fundamentalist . . 192213. Hit the hay 190414. Gob (sailor) .... 190915. A.W.O.L 190116. Juke box 192617. Butter & egg man. 192518. Hard time party.. 191319. Petting 192820. Girl friend 1925 ¦1928-19381923-1943¦1924-1934•1926-1936¦1923-1943-1929-1939-1929-1939-1936-1946-1913-1923-1913-1923-1928-1938¦1932-1942-1914-1924¦1919-1929-1911-1921-1936-1946-1935-1945-1923-1933-1938-1948¦1935-1945 ing how it is used. Add title, author,date, page, or source.If you are* first to prove an earlierdate, we will send your choice of anybook listed under Awards.Answers to Americanisms1. 1928 A doodad in 1929.2. 1943 A verb in 1937.3. 1924 Applesauce in 1921.4. 1916 Go-getter in 1922.5. 1943 Lobby in 1808.6. 1929 Funnies began in 1852.7. 1919 Duffle room in 1893.8. 1946 Samoleons in 1896.9. 1923 Bunk in 1900.10. 1903 An auto-bus in 1915.11. 1928 Rubber currency in 1904.12. 1922 Fundamentalism in 1923.13. 1924 Now we pound the pillow.14. 1919 A new sailor.15. 1921 Absent without leave.16. 1946 Phonograph in 1877.17. 1925 Butter & egg money in '42.18. 1923 More frequent in the 30's.19. 1928 It was necking in 1923.20. 1945 Sweet sixteen in 1833.Note: If you request it, and yourearlier proven date is the first to bereceived, you will also be given creditfor $3.00 on the purchase of theAwards1. REVEILLE FOR RADICALS by SaulAlinsky.2. LAY MY BURDEN DOWN by BenA. Botkin.3. WOBBLY by Ralph Chaplin. Dictionary. Seven three-dollar credits(totaling $21) will be permitted anyone Magazine subscriber. This offerand all credits expire June 30, 1952.4. A HOUSE IN CHICAGO by OliviaH. Dunbar.5. MIDWEST AT NOON by GrahamHutton.6. AMERICAN DAUGHTER byBell Thompsoii. Eva2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEVice-President Emeritus Frederic Woodward, a member of the University's faculty for 36 years and a vice-president since1926, was married last month to Mrs.Gabrielle Hyldahl, manager of the Quadrangle Club. "Fritz" Woodward has beena widower since last year.Marshall Field, Jr., 35-year-old greatgrandson of Marshall Field, one of theoriginal six incorporators of the University, was elected a member of the Boardof Trustees in April. A Harvard man,who received his law degree at the University of Virginia, Field is editor andpublisher of the Chicago Sun-Times.Experiments by Dr. Leon O. Jacobson,Professor of Medicine at the University, incollaboration with Dr. Egon Lorenz, ofthe National Cancer Institute, are exploring the possibility that one type of cancermay actually be beneficial, in cases ofatomic radiation. Earlier work by Dr.Jacobson has shown that the spleen, ifundamaged, produces a substance whichenables animals to withstand otherwisedeadly amounts of radiation. Preliminarywork has indicated the possibility that because of the rapidly-growing nature oflymphatic cancer, it might be a life-savingtransplant into radiation-affected animals.Philanthropy continued to grow inAmerica last year, according to estimatesof 1951 giving by the John Price JonesCo., Inc., climbing from a national figureof $4.11 billion in 1950 to some $4.25 billion. In the ten-city study on which thefund-raising firm bases its estimates, giftsfor educational purposes increased by 39per cent in 1951, to a ten-city total of$128 million. In size, educational giftsranked second, behind organized socialwork. In amount of gifts received, Chicagoinstitutions ranked second to New York, buttheir total of $33 million was well behindNew York's almost $296 million. Gifts toeducation in Chicago were more than $4million in the year, while in New Yorkthey were more than $98 million.Experiments in brain surgery, usingultra-high-frequency sound waves focusedin a sharp beam, were described in anarticle in "Science" by Dr. Patrick Wall,Assistant Professor of Anatomy. The ultrasound waves, which have a frequency of amillion cycles per second (highest frequencies humans can hear are about 15,000cycles), can destroy desired brain areasseemingly without affecting adjacent tis- MAGAZINEVolume 44 May, 1952 Number 8PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONExecutive EditorHOWARD W. MORTNews EditorJEANNETTE LOWREYExecutive SecretaryAlumni FoundationJIM ATKINS EditorDON MORRISField SecretaryJIM RATCLIFFE Associate EditorAUDREY PROBSTStaff PhotographerSTEPHEN LEWELLYNDirectorAlumni EducationRICHARD CRUMLEYIN THIS ISSUEA New Projection of the World 4The Student Prince — 1952 Edition, Milton S. Mayer 5I Shall Long to Return to Florence, Elizabeth Vardon ... 7India I: Silhouette, Marshall G. S. Hodgson 8India II: Panorama. Donald F. Ebright 9India III : Vignette, Rubyn Reynolds Ogburn 11I Never Enjoyed Such a Year, Leon Carnovsky 13Thailand — Consider It Seriously, Arthur P. Scott 14The Road to Rangoon, William Hauser 15Two Views of the Netherlands, Norman Kurland 16Seymour Slive 17Point Four Social Scientist in Iran, Robert J. Minges 19Looking at Life in London, Pauline hide 20Egyptology in England, William F, Edgerton 21DEPARTMENTSMemo Pad 1 Bulletins 3Books 2 Class News 22COVER: There could scarcely have been a more appropriate way to introduce an issue devoted to news fromaround the world written by University faculty, alumni,and students, than with a new world map created by aUniversity geographer. For a story on the developmentof this projection, see page 4.Cover and map on page 4 copyright by Allen K. Philbrick.Photo on page 4 by Stephen Lewellyn. Photo, top of page 24 byRothschild, Los Angeles, photo at bottom by DuBois, Chicago.Photo on page 28 by Willard Stewart, Wilmington, Del.Published monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37. Illinois. Annual subscription price, $3.00. Singlecopies, 35 cents. Student price at University of Chicago Bookstore, 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1. 1934. at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois under the act ofMarch 3, 1879. Advertising agent. The American Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22Washington Square, New York, X. Y.MAY, 1952 3IINU-MUMIM eOOAL MCAOM.HMC WITH KLEI lit SB' I IMItWTU WISeOPVSiWT l«l ALLEN K. PHILIR1CKNEW EARTH PROJECTION SHOWS HEAVILY POPULATED AREAS IN REALISTIC RELATION AND WITH SCANT DISTORTIONPHILBRICK AND HUGE MAP, AOF NEW CHICAGO REGIONAL PHASESTUDY THE FLAT WORLDTO REPRESENT a globe suchas the earth on a flat piece ofpaper is theoretically impossible, justas is the classical problem of squaringa circle. New compromise solutionsof this puzzle, designed for specificpurposes, are constantly being proposed by geographers.Allen K. Philbrick, Assistant Professor of Geography at the University,has developed a new one, which, forsome purposes, is the best to date.This map, which he calls a Sinu-Mollweide oblique equal-area projection of the world (see cover) enablesthe viewer to look at the land areasof the world not only in true spatialproportions, but also in more accurate relation to each other than hecan with most global projections.Equal-area world projections weredevised to overcome such obviousdifficulties as that of the well-knownMercator projection, which is conveniently rectangular, but whichshows Greenland larger than Australia, and is similarly faulty in areasprogressively more remote from theequator. The famous Homolosineprojection developed at the University by the late Dr. J. Paul Goode solvesthe equal-area problem by an "orange-peel" method, and is reasonably accurate, but does not preserve theunity of the world's lands.Dr. Philbrick took the Mollweideprojection and tipped it so that themap poles lie at 35 degrees on eitherside of the equator. Then, to get ridof the distortion which this createdfor lands in the far southern hemisphere, he merged the Mollweide projection with the Sinusoidal. Threeinterruptions lessen distortions withoutinjuring the map's impression of polarunity.The result is a projection in whichthe most heavily populated landmasses and the most heavily-traveledsea and air lanes are located, withfew exceptions, in the central part ofthe projection, which exhibits the leastdistortion. Only in a few placesdoes distortion exceed 30 degrees ofangular deformation, and these include Antarctica and Madagascar,where the difficulty is generally notimportant. The only area whose distortion may bring Dr. Philbrick someletters of protest is California, andCalifornians are hereby advised he ishard at work devising a method ofbringing that jregion into better focus.4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Student Prince-A battered Germany has nothing left butthe traditions that got it into trouble 1952 EditionBy Milton S. Mayer Marburg/ LahnGermanyMY DENTIST HERE, Dr. Willi e 1 m ( "Bitte-zu-Spuelen"1 )Jaffke, was a Nazi. He had to be nazi-fied when the German dentists werenazified, or he wouldn't have beenallowed to go on practicing. After thewar he had to be denazified when theGerman dentists were denazified, orhe wouldn't have been allowed to goon practicing. It took the denazifierstwo years to get around to Dr. Jaffke.Meanwhile he became a very thinlittle old anti-Nazi — he had alwaysbeen an anti-Nazi, but neither theNazis nor the Denazis found outabout it — and today he is a very, verythin little old anti-Nazi. But once hewas young, as witness the picture onhis wall, of him and his fraternity atHeidelberg, in 1909. All he said, whenwe looked at' the picture together, was"Es war schbn, schbn." "It was" —and then that untranslatable word —"wonderful, wonderful."-Schbn war es, I don't doubt. Butschbn ist es nicht. The Heidelberg ofThe Student Prince — and Marburg,where I live, was even more Student-Princey than Heidelberg-^is gone.Blown sky high. We may hope, notwithstanding Shubert (and I don'tmean Schubert), that we never see itslikes again, since its kind was the nursery of that mad romanticism that gotthe Germans into so much trouble.But may I make bold to suggest thatbefore we throw the bath-water out,we make sure the baby isn't in it? "We are willing to see something better," says every decent Nazi I havetalked to; there were decent Nazis,NEW GERMANY DISHEARTENS MAYERjust as there are decent Communists,"but we don't see it. We wait even tosee just something, though it is something we don't want. But you — youoffer us democracy, which, as far aswe can see, means forced demilitarization today and forced remilitariza-iPlease rinse. Milton Mayer, whose student dayson the Midway date back to 1925,and who was for years a memberof the University administration, isnow teaching at Marburg University. tion tomorrow, whether or not wedemocratically want either one."The German universities were easypickings for the .Nazis. The professorswere (with glorious exceptions) morethan compliant; like their Americancounterparts (with glorious exceptions) they were better able than thethick-headed peasants to rationalizeevery atrocity committed by theirgovernment. (V. Compton, et al., onHiroshima) . And what was goodenough for the professors was, and is,good enough for the students.The German student, like his elders, believed, and believes, everything he hears, just as he tends to doeverything he is told (or allowed) todo. The students seem to me to beas credulous of anti-Nazism now asthey were of Nazism ten and twentyyears ago. This is the frighteningthing about Germany. The authoritarian spirit, so suddenly nascent inAmerica, is desperately deep in Germany. The conquerors, or liberators,of Germany substituted authoritieswithout touching authoritarianism.The fact that the Germans hated theaibitrary foreign authorities, as wasnatural, does not seem to have developed any resistance to arbitraryauthority itself.Let me qualify the generalization.Germans are people. German university students, when they are given achance, lap up the seminar method,and I do not mean what the GermansMAY, 1952 5mean by seminar; I mean the genuineAmerican hoe-down, exemplified, formy money, by the Great Books program, and more or less successfullyapplied by the College of the University of Chicago. The lecture methodwas (and is) both the cause and theproduct of authoritarianism, and nowhere was (and is) the lecture method more rigid than in Germany.The German professor was a professor because he was a scholar, not ateacher; he had to teach, and get itover with, in order to collect hissalary. In the bad old days he hadabsolutely no time for his students —and I mean absolutely — because hehad to get on with his scholarship;today he has absolutely no time forhis students, not only because he hasto get on with his scholarship, butalso because the mere routine of daily-life — getting an apartment; a bankloan; a permit for his father-in-lawin the East Zone; a telephone; a sackof coal — exhausts him as it does everyGerman.If the Americans, instead of goingto the trouble of kicking out the Naziprofessors, and then, because of theprofessor shortage, reinstating them,had gone to the trouble of kicking outthe lecture method, they might havedenazified German higher educationat the roots. But that implies thatAmericans can change Germany —they can't — and that they want to.From what we hear over here, thedemocratic spirit is not doing too wellon the American campus itself.Lack of principle dismayingA further qualification. Germany,if I may mix a quick metaphor for theroad, is a vacuum in a nutcracker.The only thing anyone, including theGerman student, knows for sure aboutGermany is that it won't be the sameten years from now as it is now. Thetotal disruption of everything, privateand public, has had at once a liberating and a cyclotronic effect uponthe rising generation of university students, and upon the universities themselves. They don't know which wayto turn, whom to turn to (or from),or whither they are being turned. Conditions are ideal for breeding that''healthy skepticism," which, when itis well enough developed, is not onlyunhealthy but murderous.The Germans had to be disillu sioned, deromanticized — and given anew faith, a new illusion, a new romance, if you will. But instead ofJefferson for Hitler, they were given,for Hitler, first undeserved punishmentand then undeserved caresses. It isnot our principles, but our unprinci-pledness, that has thrown them.Marburg professors estimate thestudent sentiment against remilitarization at 80 percent, but they do notexpect to see two dozen actual re-sisters in the whole student body.And, of course, not more than twoactual resisters in the whole faculty.No deutschmarks to spareThere are no campuses in Germany,and the university student is plungeddirectly from the "Prussianism" of theGerman home, which leaves him, at18, less mature than a 16-year-oldAmerican, directly into the independence and anonymity of a lonely roomin a university town. Unless he belongs to a fraternity, he belongs tonothing and nobody. There are nodeans of students or student advisersin German universities. Marburg University wants to strengthen the FreeStudents Association against the fraternities, but the former doesn't evenhave its own clubrooms and the DM.100— $23.80— a month it needed forrent and heat was unavailable fromthe University, from the town, fromthe Amis. (The American Army ismoving back in fast, and the happyHICOG days of "re-education" areover.)The Free Students Association typeof man is likely to be older — an EastZone refugee or a war veteran — andmore politically progressive than thefraternity boys. And unbelievablypoor; DM. 1 per head per month wasmore than the members could affordfor clubroom rent. So the fraternities — which Hitler, too, tried tocrush — rise again, re-established intheir magnificent houses, and oncemore engaged in dueling — which Hitler, too, tried to crush. The fraternities, which are the worst exemplarsof the whole Student Prince myth,are more powerful than the publicauthorities in housing-frantic Germany; their alumni, Hitler- time, anti-Hitler time, any old time, are therich, whose exclusive prerogative theGerman universities were in the badold days of the Student Prince. There are bright spots, but they areonly spots, like the Collegium Leibnitz, a coherent liberal arts program,with a student-centered campus, attached to Tuebingen University. (Berlin's Free University is a freak, likeeverything else in Berlin east or west,and shows signs of falling victimto the academic respectability whichgave the Herr Professor the incredible class status — and the indifference to the community — which heenjoyed in the old Germany.) Frankfurt University, quite young, is, forGermany, remarkably progressive, butit is no more independent of theUnited States than Berlin. The fewprivate secondary and grammarschools — the universities are all state-operated — are witnessing some genuine experimentation, inspired byItalian, French, and American example.But Germany is poor, beaten, andbattered, with nothing left for surebut the very traditions which gotit into trouble in the first place;so the bright spots, elsewhere as ineducation, are only spots, and theydo not seem to be clearly indigenous.People don't seem to change verymuch or very fast, and people like theGermans, living under terrible geographical and historical pressure,don't seem to change much at all,certainly not under still more pressure.Marburg is very beautiful and veryold. (The butcher-shop we patronizewas established in 1485.) The University was established in the eleventhcentury by the Christian Count Philipand his even more Christian wife, theHoly Elisabeth. But, though theUniversity itself no more lovedNazism than it does democracy — bothphenomena being too vulgar — itstood aside, or, when it had to,shuffled along while the Nazisslaughtered the Christian religion andChristian liberty.Time for standing strongI hope that the American universities, including my own Alma Mater,which can not afford to be acceptableto Hearst, are standing strong, andare standing strong right now; becausenow is the time. The lesson of Germany is that nobody knows just whenthe Reichstag fire will be — and afterthe Reichstag fire it is always too late.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE, .. I Shall Long to Return to FlorenceFor now even the heavy-thumbed butcherstreat the American signora with respectBy Elizabeth Vardon9 '39 Palazzo PanciatichiVia GiustiFlorence, ItalyIN 19395 WHEN Bruce and I were engaged, he took me walking in JacksonPark and described the house he hoped we would have some day, with atwenty-by-forty living room and ceilings twenty-four feet high. I privately observed that this sounded a little drafty, but I hardly expected his dream. tomaterialize, and I wasn't much worried.Now, here in Florence, his dream has half come true : we have a twenty-by-twenty living room, with the specifiedceiling. And I was right about thedrafts.I do like having frescoes on theceiling. It is delightful to look out ona quiet courtyard instead of a noisystreet, and to have access to the largeprivate garden adjoining the palace.I shall never forget the elegance ofhaving a yellow satin sofa in the bedroom.It pleases me to think of living in ahouse built, by San Gallo in 1499 andinhabited by Napoleon and Josephineon their honeymoon. Perhaps best ofall, I like having five rooms plus kitchen and bath, furnished, for onlyabout fifty dollars a month.But when I was walking in JacksonPark with my prospective husband, Ishould have reminded him, while hewas in a susceptible mood, that I alsolike central heating, warm little bathrooms without twenty-four-foot ceilings, lovely hot water flowing fromthe taps, a big white gas or electricrange in the kitchen. And just forcontrast with all this heat, I wouldlike a nice Servel or Frigidaire.Most of the student families livingElizabeth Greenwood Vardon is a"Fulbright wife." Her husbandBruce, '41, AM '42, PhD '50, is studying comparative literature in Italy ona Fulbright grant. His suggestion thata report to Magazine readers froma "Fulbright wife might make interesting reading" turned out to be anexcellent one. over here seem to have settled downin pensiones. A few have enoughmoney to live in hotels or apartmentsrun by proficient Italian servants. ButI feel that our situation gives me better opportunity to know Italy andlearn how Italians live.Windblown marketerWe do have a maid, who has beenwith us since our arrival eighteenmonths ago, and we are good friends.She relieves me of all the drudgeryof housecleaning, dishwashing, andlaundry; so that I have time for otherpursuits.She also helps me with my Italian,scolds me for not wearing my rubbers,and has given me interesting if notalways practical advice on how to getrid of head lice, refurbish alligatorbags, and subdue amorous strangerson the tram. Although she came froma tiny mountain hamlet near Naples,and had only three years of schooling,she goes out our door wearing hersilver fox with such an air that I'msure the neighbors think she is thesignora and I am the donna di ser-vizio.For I am prone to gallop up anddown the stairs laden with cabbagesand loaves of bread, my hair and myraincoat showing evidence of a morning spent on my bicycle, hunting bargains all over town. I do the marketing as well as the cooking, and I pointwith pride to our budget, which last month listed $22.30 for all our food,including cod liver oil! Among thefirst phrases I learned in Italian wereprotests to direct at butchers whoshort-weighted me. I prowl amongthe dozens of little carts selling spinach and oranges, fennel and artichokes. And I know exactly the location of the wretches who have — once,but nevermore — sold me oranges thatwere all rind, and spinach that wasall sand.Our American colleagues here maygrow weary of the eternal spaghetti,but we have it only when we wish,and I notice that we are eating itmore and more frequently.Olive oil has become a passion withus. Suzanne, our five-year-old daughter, lists as her favorite food mortadel-la, a meat which is, according to popular rumor, composed of donkey,though the butchers deny it.We may dine happily on spaghetti,mortadella, and kale drenched in oliveoil, but we like to finish now andthen with a luxurious Americanchocolate cake, made with Crisco andBetty Crocker flour sent by solicitousrelatives in the United States. Thearoma of that cake, lingering in thehall, convinces our. Italian friendsmore than ever that America is indeedthe Promised Land.I have moments of wishing to return to central heating and Frigid-airs, but some day I know I shalllong to return to Florence — to thebeautiful mountain landscapes lyingat the ends of the streets, to thechurches and museums full of treasures, and, yes, even to the butchers,who now treat the American signorawith some respect, and keep theirthumbs at a safe distance from thescales.MAY, 1952 7INDIA I : SilhouetteReconciling the Vedas with the punch clockis feat symbolizing Indian virtue of humilityBy Marshall G. S. Hodgson, PhD '51 Muslim UniversityAligarh, UP, IndiaINDIA. ONE inevitably thinks of spirituality, Communism, poverty. As toCommunism, everyone (including some Communists) seems to have beensurprised at the degree of Communist strength, at unexpected places, in the elections. Notoriously divided among themselves — admittedly having made serious mistakes of policy in recent years — they were supposed to have been seriously discredited.As to spirituality, Indians common-ly assume that India is spiritualand the West materialistic; but manyhave their doubts. I asked the headof the theology department here(Muslim, of course) why studentsno longer cared for that subject. Heexplained soberly that most wereconcered with what gave social rewards — -and that nowadays societyno longer exalted the theologian.As to poverty — and servility: theyare immediately appalling. There iswaste in every detail of living, andefficiency seems hardly conceived of,even when modern methods are discussed. It is as if anyone here mustbe caught in a comprehensive networkof social expectations and mental hab- *its hampering him at any pointwhere he might try to change hisrole and accomplish something.Some excellent men feel frustratedto the point of despair. All themore honor to the many who, in thesecircumstances, accomplish minor miracles in scholarly work, in business,in social reform, in esthetic creation.For much work is being done — colleges built, wells dug, books edited,co-ops established, unions founded.And in more than one place, onefeels that the social atmosphere is-self is being changed. The most notable instance is Sevagram. This center of most of Gandhi's institutionsthrobbing With enterprise, effici- but is not cold or hard.I saw old men in Gandhi's ashramitself looking over a thresher just infrom America, seeming for all theworld like Yankees. They wanted tosee if it fitted their needs ; if it wasproducible — and hence controllable —by the village itself; and if it wasefficient enough to raise the villageresources.For of course the most importantthing about Sevagram is not that itis surely one of the most modernplaces' in India — in spirit. (They siton the floor, but what modern studieshave shown that the chair habit isgood for posture?)The great thing about Sevagram isthat it is attempting to use the moral,esthetic, and technical possibilitieswhich the twentieth century has putbefore us, in the service of ends whichthe Sevagram community has posedfor itself.Dr. Hodgson, who received his degree at the University from the Committee on Social Thought, is a student of Mohammedan civilizations.ISency, experimentation, within the limits of facilities available in an Indianvillage.Time is not wasted there. Everyoneseems to be trying to accomplishsomething with his life. Educationalmethods borrowed from Dewey aretransformed into a community pattern that looks rich and solid. Architecture is inspired by functionalism, The more one becomes accustomedto the "Indian ways of life," the moreunsatisfactory seem any of the obviousdiagnoses of the Indian future. Onecan remain a democrat and yet regretthat this society of privilege must —presumably — pass. I thread my waythrough the chaos of hovels and sol-ider buildings, to where my washerman is cheerfully at work at the well,with his fine-looking son. The number of smiling faces among thosemeagerly paid and filthily clothedservants is certainly much larger thanin a Chicago rush-hour crowd. I have learned almost to disregardthe servility with which the washerman greets me. But I can enjoy thewarmth with which he displays hisson, and then begs me to look at hisbooks for a minute.Sitting on the dirt floor in thecourt of his rooms, his wife greetsme cautiously. His main room islargely of brick and has a bed anda closet. From the closet he bringsout, wrapped in protective cloths,four or five precious religious booksof which he is touchingly proud. Hereads me the titles, delighted withmy smattering of Hindi3 and showsme the pictures (he can read onlywith the greatest difficulty) — Krishna,and Shri Ram, and Vishnu.One can remain a socialist and yetsympathize with the enthusiastic caution of the Congressites. One cannotorder this very organic world intohouses and apartments, into streetsand numbers, into city and country.In the affectionate indiscipline of thebazaars, cows, coolies, college professors, and cats are jumbled indis-tinguishably, and every step one takesis an improvisation in an unpredictable throng.It is hard to imagine how thepunch-clock could be introduced here(yet it has been) . And efficiencyseems a remote word indeed, as onegazes into the unearthly, sullen faceof a buffalo that has ambled smackinto the course of one's bicycle.One sees here in appalling andliteral reality many things that hadbecome little more than phrases : tattered beggars, a dog's life, your obsequious servant, the flaunted luxuryof wealth while the hungry standat the door. One sees also manygood things: a trace of an almostHellenic sense of bodily grace; magnificent art, especially the dance; freelyshown affection toward children orfriends; and of course many wonderful people: In elementals I supposemost good things are common toIndia and America.But I want to mention one greatvirtue that is very common here. Tobe sure, most Indians blame all theirnational defects on the British rule.But they admit that the defects exist,and even dwell on them. It is notcertain that they will do much aboutthem. But to recognize shortcomingsis surely better than frantic insistence— fashionable in America — on one'sown excellence.8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJ', i !51.ij• •5PREBRIGHT AND CROP MEN GIVE TOKEN WHEAT BAG TO M. G. GHOOI, BOMBAY DEPUTY GRAIN CHIEF. SHIP HOLDS 550 TONSINDIA II: PanoramaBy Donald Ebright, PhD '44THIS IS an exciting time to be in India, for great things are happening.You can get an agricultural inkling of this in the January 14th issue ofLife in the two-page spread of my friend Horace Holmes, the county agentfrom Tennessee who has boosted wheat production 63 per cent in his "EtawahProject."You see it in the carefully planned and orderly elections in which a record number of people came to thepolls to elect their officials. Manyexpected trouble and a few prophesied disaster, but history will recordthe 1952 elections in India as a significant social achievement. The useof symbols for an illiterate populationwas a fortunate idea.You see it in the stream of foreignspecialists who cause the old-timersto exclaim that there are now "experts galore." Lucknow is the Indiaheadquarters for FAO, and an international team is at work on India'stechnical problems.Point Four families from Texasand Michigan have just arrived. Wewelcomed Dr. and Mrs. Ogburn on aFulbright lecture trip. They stayedat Isabella Thoburn College, thefirst women's college in Asia, whilelecturing at Lucknow University.Our ambassador to India, Chester Bowles, has made a wonderful impression, and his informal approachhas started a new ripple of interestin the United States. He has abandoned the traditional striped-pantsapproach of the State Department bybeing approachable, riding a bicycle,sending his children to a Delhi school,and getting close to India's peopleand their needs. May I be pardonedfor saying that many of our embassies abroad need a breath of air.Recently the 16th All-India Con-Dr. Ebright, in India representingLutheran World Relief and theChurch World Service, is serving asDirector of Famine and RefugeeRelief of the Christian Council ofIndia. CROP refers to ChristianRural Overseas Program. 37, Cantonment RoadLucknow, Indiagress met in Lucknow, attended by500 people from India and abroad.Many interesting papers were presented and discussed. Unlike mostconferences, from which the main result is the inspiration of those whoattend, these have produced practicaland accumulating results.One of these is the BhandarkarOriental Institute in Poona, whichhas been working for 32 years on acritical edition of the Mahabharat(the great Sanskrit epic), uponwhich $200,000 has been spent andwhich is half completed.The Conference has inspired otherprojects supported by individuals andby state and central governments, tofurther such studies in oriental learning as: the coordination of Buddhistliterature in Ceylon; four new institutions in Bihar for promoting studiesin Sanskrit, Pali, Indology and archeology; the preparation in MadrasUniversity of a catalog of catalogs ofSanskrit work.The Congress has encouraged thebeginnings of a Sanskrit dictionary onMAY, 1952 9historical principles, and the writingof a history of India from an Indianpoint of view, of which the first volume, "The Vedic Age" has been published.Finally, it has been urging the government to establish an all- India In-dological Research Institute to conduct research into the history, culture, religions and philosophy of India, and of all countries associatedwith it in the past, and to interpretthe culture of India to the world.Food supplies precariousI wish I could be optimistic aboutIndia's food position, but millionsface scarcity and famine because thelate 1951 failure of rains has causedwidespread drought. Only the $190,-000,000 emergency food loan negotiated last summer in Washington,and the arrival of shiploads of wheat,has prevented famine.The cold, hard facts are that Indiamust import in 1952 2,000,000 moretons of grain than she had countedon, to maintain her normal supply.And even this is on a level so lowit would cause riots in the UnitedStates.One third of India's masses live onthe subnutritional standard of fromeight to sixteen ounces of grain perday. The current grain crops in Rajas than, Saurashtra, Bombay, Punjaband Madras are drought-affected. Ihave just completed a 1,600 miletour in a station wagon through Ra-jasthan and have sent two wagonloads of CROP wheat for distributionto the Bihls. Minister of food, K. M.Munshi, officially reported the situation there as "precarious."On July 9, 1951, Dean Acheson,on behalf of the United States, andMrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, on behalf of India, signed an agreementfor duty-free entry of relief suppliessent to India by ECA funds.Six American agencies are authorized to ship and receive relief supplies, of which Church World Service and Lutheran World Relief aretwo. I am director in India for both,as well as chairman of the Indo-American Agreement Relief AgenciesCouncil. Under this organization,vastly more food and supplies fromthe people of America to the peopleof India will be received. This isone of the most optimistic developments of the past year. Another point of interest has beento watch India take its place in theworld councils, especially the UnitedNations, as one of the largest nationsin the world, and one which boasts ofits ancient culture and achievements.India derives some prestige fromhaving won its independence frommighty Britain. And it is the home ofthat great man, Mahatma Gandhi.Admitting that all of these thingsgive it a right to play a leading partin the councils of the world, unfortunately the country lacks the experience in world politics so necessary to meet the problems that confront nations today. What successIndia is having in international affairsis, I think, largely due to its greatleader, Nehru.Nehru now stands alone of thegreat trio who brought about the independence of India: MohandasGandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, andJawahar Lai Nehru. Today he ismore popular and powerful thanever.Recently, Nehru said, "I do notcare two pence as to what happensto me as prime minister of India today or tomorrow. This does not meanthat I will retire to the Himalayas. Ishall continue to work according tomy light, to achieve the objective Ihave in mind." This spirit is certainlycontagious.The part that India has taken inits attempt to stop the war in Koreais not due so much to the heritage ofthe pacifism of Gandhi as it is tothe fear of retaliation from Communist China or perhaps Russia, ifIndia sides with the United States.The safest role is peace-maker. Nehruhas no sympathy for communism, although once he was greatly intriguedwith Russian socialism.Perilous middle-of-the-roadNehru is sternly repressing communism in India, but he does notwant to provoke an invasion. Neitheris Nehru a pacifist, although he saidrecently, "the absence of peace meanswar, which means the destruction ofthe world and of the future for whichall of us have been working."Nehru would settle the future ofKashmir by force of arms if necessary. Urging arbitration for the settlement of Korea, he refuses abitra-tion as a means of settling the disputein Kashmir. The necessity of taking its place asa leader in the world has resulted inIndia's undertaking a variety of industrial and social schemes for whichit does not have the money. The mainwork of the President, Rajendra Prasad, has been to lay corner stones,open new buildings, and to start newprojects.. A drug research institute here inLucknow is the seventh of eleven national laboratories for promoting investigations into new drugs, especiallyfor the Ayurvedic system of medicine.The building of a great stadium inDelhi and the holding of Asian gamessimilar to the Olympics are particularly successful in promoting goodwillamong the countries of Asia.Boosting productivity hardAt the opening session of the Indian Commission of UNESCO,Nehru said, "In the great part ofAsia today the primary needs arefood, clothing, housing, and healthful living conditions. You cannot expect any higher flights of culturewhere the primary needs are lacking."Today India realizes its need of industrialization, and is subsidizing allsorts of schemes for this. It has notgven up its hope of free, compulsorybasic education.The government is taking overland from the wealthy owners, withcompensation, and selling to tenantson long-term loans. It recently experimented with a factory for makingplastics, at a loss of millions of dollars. For these and other reasons,India is finding it hard to balance itsbudget.Overshadowing all of these plansfor improving the conditions of Indiaand helping it to maintain its position as a world leader, is the fact thatIndia is very poor. The great massesare living in worse conditions thanbefore independence, and there arefamine conditions in many parts ofIndia.A "grow more food" program wasabandoned after nine years, becauseit cost more than the extra foodraised. The masses of India still livein their villages, patiently accept whattheir Karma allows them to have, donot crave the wants that UNESCOwould like to fill, and in spite of itall, continue to increase the population, already too great for the food itcan raise.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEINDIA IIIVignetteFuture holds much promisefor Professor Ogburn, saysCalcutta soothsayer, whohas read twenty thousandpalms, finds Ogburn a manof willpower and abilityMRS. OGBURN (FEATHER IN HAT) RIDES IN OPEN-TOP HOWDAHBy Rubyn Reynolds Ogburn 17, Curzon RoadNew Delhi, IndiaMR. OGBURN is away in the jungles of Orissa on the trail of wolfchildren; and I, being a Fulbright attache, am answering your requestfor a letter.I am writing from the best hotel in Calcutta where one of the guests, replying to a friend who advised her, "Be sure to see the Black Hole of Calcutta,"said, "Darling, that is where we are staying."But Calcutta has a delightful winter climate, which we appreciatewhen letters from Chicago tell usabout 57 inches of snow before Christmas. The populace here, too, werecomplaining last week about theseverity of the winter when the temperature dropped to 75 degrees andmy husband had to change from seersucker to palm beach.Calcutta is most interesting sociologically. As we go out of our hotelfor an early morning walk we stepover a- dozen sleepers, lying flat onthe pavement. To Chicagoans, thissight is equivalent to seeing sleepersMrs. William Fielding Ogburn accompanied her famous husband ,Sewell L. Avery Distinguished ServiceProfessor Emeritus of Sociology at theUniversity, when he went to Indiathis year on a Fulbright grant. who have spent the night on the sidewalks of Michigan Avenue in frontof the Stevens Hotel. In Calcutta,many also cook and eat and washtheir dhotis on the streets.No gadgets but CadillacsBut this is a city of contrasts. Weknow one rich family with a hugehouse and 27 servants, but not a refrigerator and no modern bath rooms— though they own three Cadillacs.They profess not to want our technology. Americans have machines butno souls, they say, having seen theHollywood version of night clubs,gangsters, racing cars and shootingirons. Therefore gadgets and spirituality are incompatible.Still, good plumbing would help.Every bathroom seems different. Our first day in India, we found that ourbathroom door could be locked fromthe outside, but not from the inside. My husband had gone to thebank to cash a check. (Getting moneyfrom a bank in India is a leisurelyprocess, involving some research) .Meanwhile, I, with amazing ingenuity got myself locked in; but myingenuity failed me in getting out.Besides, the drain from the tub andthe wash basin was through a hole inthe floor, not through pipes. But thethird fixture was so high that I couldkeep my feet dry.If you come to India, put yourname on the waiting list for theHotel Cecil, in Delhi, which has thebest service of any hotel we have seenin 45 years of experience with hostelry. It is run by a woman, and myscientific traveling mate concludes(from one case) that all hotels shouldbe managed by women. Anyway,think it over.We had the good fortune to beinvited to a Bengali wedding, theonly western guests. The families ofthe bride and groom were high casteMAY, 1952 11OGBURN FINDS NEW VANTAGE POINT FOR STUDY OF EASTERN CULTURES(upper-upper) and they themselveswell educated. (She is Professor ofEnglish at Nagpur University, andhe is employed by the Tata SteelCompany, having got his degree atMassachusetts Institute of Technology.) But the wedding was carried outaccording to Bengali tradition, and itwas interesting to see the dignifiedco-operation of the modern youngcouple in a ceremony which origintedat about the time the Druids worshiped mistletoe.Though we had been told wewould have to take off our shoes andsit on the floor, our host came to therescue and whisked us to an innercourt to see the welcoming of thegroom into the bride's family. Onlythe women of the familv participated,and the eldest officiated. She, symbolically proffered food to the handsome groom, who was dressed in aflowing white silk robe, with a highwhite hat — but no shoes.. Then allthe women, carrying lighted sandalwood tapers, encircled him seventimes while a conch-shell was blownand all called out greetings to him.Bride wore red, as usualAt that point the bride, dressed inred (Indian brides never wear white)was borne out on the auspicious scar let assan held high by her male relatives. She sat barefoot and cross-legged, with head bowed and eyescast down, until placed before thegroom. Then she stood up, and theysolemnly gazed at one another. In theold days, this was the moment whenthe young couple saw each other forthe first time.No nylon problemThe marriage ceremony took placein another court, but we did not seemuch of it because we were so interested in the audience. I was fascinated by the vari-colored saris andgorgeous jewels worn by the women.Some of the diamond and emeraldearrings were so large and heavy theywere worn suspended from littlechains over the ears. All wore necklaces and bracelets, and some worejeweled designs on the forehead andalso nose-screws. Barefoot sandalsshowed painted soles as well as enameled toe-nails. There is no nylonproblem for Indian women.It was interesting to see the men —bankers, judges and business executives, who usually wore western dress— adopt, for a traditional wedding,the native Indian costume: the flowing dhoti with long white shirt or coattopped by an embroidered shawl. The dhoti is particularly appropriate for India's hot climate and I recommend it for Fulbright scholars visiting here.Another pleasant experience wehad in Calcutta was lunching withGovernor and Mrs. Mookerje at Government House, the largest and handsomest in India. It is comparable toour White House, but in contrast hasa crimson and gold throne. This wasonce occupied by the British viceroy— before he changed his address.The State Reception on Independence Day gave us the opportunityto see 500 guests, mostly Indians, welcomed by the Governor and his ladywith head inclined and palmedhands. This is the traditional Indiangreeting of respect. After the national anthem, written by Tagore, India's writer and statesman who isranked with Goethe, Dante andShakespeare, Mr. and Mrs. Mookerjegave the same greeting to a lifesizedportrait of Gandhi. He is regardedhere as a hero and saint — and bysome as a god.At Delhi, for a while, our fare wasa succession of receptions. At one,given by Dr. Prasad, the President ofIndia, we were impressed by the number of handsome guardsmen, dressedin red medieval costumes and carrying spears, who flanked the entrancestairs.I cannot close without mentioningthe marvelous man-made caves atHyderabad. Each contains a hugetemple carved out of solid rock, decorated with statuary, reliefs, andpaintings— all done 1200 to 2000years ago. The dances of the sameperiod are undergoing a great revivalin India today. The dancers are actors too, by the way, and display agreat variety of facial expressionswhich I recommend for study toAlan Ladd and Marlene Dietrich.Hollywood might do well to importsome Indian dancers.Something to look forward toSomething new turns up every day.Only this morning a man called toask if he might read the Professor'spalm. He said he had a record of 20,-000 palms. The reading showed thatthe Professor has strong will powerand some ability. He will live to be95, and after 65 he will write severalbooks and become famous.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE/ Never Enjoyed Such a YearBy Leon Carnovsky, PhD '32 "La Residence"43, rue St. DidierParis XVI, FranceAS I WRITE this, we have just passed through a quiet day that startedout with a promise of fireworks. The Communists called a one-daystrike for February 12, to commemorate an anti-Fascist demonstration heldon that date in 1934, and since about half of the unions are said to beCommunist-dominated, the city prepared for a shutdown of all transportation services as well as work stoppage at the factories.Well, nothing happened. TheMetro and the buses ran, and almosteveryone reported for work. Of coursethe Communist press boomed out alot of guff about the success of thestrike, but it was about as orderly aday as you had at home.I've begun this letter with thisstory because I think it indicates thatthe Communists aren't nearly so powerful as they like to think — and aswe too frequently think. Numericallythey make up a small proportion ofthe population, and they are concentrated in a few industrial areasand around the mines.France is essentially an agriculturalcountry, and the French are highlyindividualistic ¦ — conditions whichmake it tough for the Party to gathera large following. (Characteristically,the French are against the government, which certainly doesn't meanthey are for Communism.)At the same time, it is unpleasantto see signs, both in Paris and in theprovinces — especially in the neighborhood of American military encampments — reading "U. S. GoHome", "Les Americains en Amer-ique", "G.I. Go Home". Undoubtedlythese signs are Communist-inspired,but it would be a mistake to assumethat they reflect Communist sentimentsolely. The French can hardly be expected to welcome foreign troops inwhat must look like a semi-permanentoccupation, and I'm told that manyof the soldiers behave with an arrogant or patronizing air that breedsdislike" if not downright animosity.In relation to the total population,Leon Carnovsky, Professor in theGraduate Library School, is rovingin Switzerland, France, and the Low'Countries this year on a Fulbrightgrant. The Magazine's letter caughtup with him in Paris. of course, the Communists are muchmore numerous than they are in theU. S. Yet there is nothing like thehysteria over here. They are recognized for what they are, and theyare opposed. But no one seems to getworked up about it. Life goes on,people speak out without fear, andthere are no witch-hunts.One of the big problems here isthe war in Indochina. Several peoplewith whom I've discussed it liken itto Korea. When I say that Korea isa U. N. operation and Indochina aFrench colonial problem, they brushthis off as inconsequential; both, theysay, are part of the struggle againstCommunism. When I ask how theyCARNOVSKY ANDENJOY MALLORCA ALUMNI FRIENDSHOLIDAY JAUNTexpect the Indochina affair to comeout, they shrug their shoulders sadlyand say they simply do not know.Meanwhile it's causing an intolerable drain on French finances; Francecan't pull out, and she doesn't seemto have the money or manpower tobring the business to a conclusivemilitary victory. (Even if she did,what then? As I see it, it's all part ofthe present postwar anti-colonialism,and a military victory can't possiblysolve that problem for more than ashort time.)As you know, we've just been throughthe Sixth Assembly of the United Nations. Mrs. Carnovsky and I were asked to serve as observers for theAmerican Library Association, so weattended many of the sessions andsaw some of the "great" in action.It was of course interesting, if frequently depressing. One often wondered if the U. N. was primarily anoutfit for breaking down national barriers or for providing a soapbox forairing insults, suspicions, and hostilities in general. (The insults, etc.,were by no means limited to theiron curtain countries, even thoughthe latter seem to have a rare gift forthem.) There's no point in kiddingourselves that the accomplishments ofthe meeting were notable, though onecan extract a grain of comfort fromthe thought that as long as they'restill talking they're not shooting.As for the prospects of a thirdworld war, the French seem strangelyapathetic; perhaps "resigned" is thebetter word. I've yet to meet someone who doesn't expect it. Yet therecertainly is not the frenzied preparation here that there is in the States.No signs of bomb shelters, no "whatto do in case of", and most certainly no desk-pounding "We'll resistto the end!" etc. Perhaps the Indochina business is absorbing whateverconcern with war the French are capable of at present.However, it's worth noting thatsentiment is strong against re-armingGermany — indicating, I suppose, thatthe French still regard as the mostimminent danger a revived and militarily prepared Germany, rather thana more distant Soviet.The domestic situation, too, is serious. Prices have skyrocketed, and everyone complains of the "hausse".Restaurants, even the most modest,are not cheap, and a meal consistingof soup, meat, a vegetable, cheese,and wine can easily run to more thantwo dollars. If you say, what the hell,you can't do that well in Chicago(which I doubt in any case), I assure you that the wage scale here isseveral notches below that in Chicago, or anywhere else in the U. S.But with all its troubles, Franceis a wonderful country. Paris remainsbeautiful beyond description, and thecountry is so varied and interestingthat one must be an old fogey indeed ever to become jaded. Me, Inever enjoyed such a year in all mylife.MAY, 1952 13THAILAND-Consider it SeriouslyCheap beefsteak is only one ojthe attractions of this ancientbut burgeoning world crossroads . i m ¦% mm mm m?n " i r r ri •H^HM I^BiMASSIVE HALL AT CHULALONGKORNBy Arthur P. Scott, PhD '16THE WEEKLY news magazines with the red arrow pointed at variousparts of Southeast Asia make life in Bangkok seem more precarious thanit appears from the hotel windows or from beside the swimming pool of theRoyal Bangkok Sports Club. I can report that life here is comfortable,pleasant, and very interesting.My appointment as lecturer in history under the Fulbright Act has involved teaching United States and Eu- . ropean history to seniors and juniorsin Chulalongkorn University and alsoin the University of Moral and Political Sciences. The students are supposed to know enough English to understand my remarks. Their trainingis all against taking part in discussion, so I cannot be sure how much Iam getting across. Impending examswill tell me more.A book in Siam, dated 1910, says,"Siam is still an unknown country tomost Americans." That is changing,and so is the added remark, "Thereare over 300 automobiles in Bangkokand not a single one of Americanmake." There are now more than20,000 cars in town, which makesdriving a constant adventure. Andwhile most of them are small-sizedEuropean jobs, there are plenty ofAmerican cars also.Bangkok, with the old town acrossthe river, has close to a million popu-THAI COLLEAGUES (LEFT) FETE SCOTT la tion. There are some impressiveboulevards, a number of decentlypaved streets, and numerous crowdedquarters. The electric light system/ am eating all the charcoal-broiled fillets of beef I can,which, with French-fried potatoes now cost 33 cents. Andsince haircuts are only a quarter,I plan just before I leave to layin a dozen of them, whichshould last until Christmas.has profited by several generators presented by the U. S.This suggests reporting to my fellow taxpayers as to some of the results which their money, through theirown alphabets and those of theUnited Nations, is trying to accomplish. We Fulbright grantees are trying to make suggestions as to curriculum and libraries, and particularly tohelp normal-school teachers with thejob of teaching English in secondaryschools, where English is required forseveral years.A separate State Departmentproject is conducting a languageschool in cooperation with the association of Thai students who havebeen to the United States — several ofthem at the University.A Military Assistance AdvisoryGroup is teaching the army to use the 40 FulbrightBangkok, Thailandweapons we are furnishing. TheUnited States Information Serviceruns a library and publishes a dailynews bulletin.Other organizations, U. S. andU. N. alike, are working at publichealth, helping to increase rice cultivation, and exploring other ways toincrease productivity.There is some overlapping andsome rivalry, but so far I have heardthe programs are administered withreasonable efficiency and honesty.Our major idea is that a morestable and prosperous Thailand willbe a better customer and less likelyto fall a prey to communism. Thereis, however, a very large amount offriendly interest displayed by theAmericans and Europeans who arehelping the Thais to help themselves.If you are offered a position here,consider it seriously.Bangkok is becoming quite a worldcrossroads, reached by sixteen different airlines. International and regional conferences of all sorts arebeing held here, and the number oftourists is increasing.Stop over on your round-the-worldair flight. We have hundreds of temples. Hotels are comfortable, food istolerable, there are two air-conditioned bars, and from September toMarch the weather is good. The hotseason is reportedly hot.Politics I prefer to have reportedby the regular news correspondents.Arthur P. Scott, Professor Emeritusof History, is another of the University's delegates-to-the-world underthe Fulbright program, which ispainlessly paid for through Government assets abroad, otherwise frozenby currency restrictions.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEONE DAY in the middle of March[1951] Daddy came home andasked us if we would like to go toBurma for a year. We of course said"yes"; so out came the atlas, theencyclopedia, and the dictionary. Weleft Chicago July 10 for an adventurearound the world.[After crossing the country] wechecked our baggage to make sureit was all on board ship; then welooked around [the President Wilson]. It was getting around dinnertime, and a man came around ringinga bell for the children's dinner. Afterwe finished Missy and I went exploring, and we met some kids our age.Missy went off with the girls, and Iwent off with the boys. We rode upand down the self-service elevatorand put it out of commission manytimes during the trip. ,In Yokohama we took a taxi to aGeisha house and had lunch. Thiswas our first real Japanese meal, andwe saw some Japanese dancing andheard Japanese singing. We glancedat our watches and found we had30 minutes to get back to the ship.We made it by the skin of our teeth.Before we arrived in Manila, wepassed many of the islands that wereimportant in the Battle for the Philippines — Okinawa, Leyte, Corregidor,Bataan. As we were coming intoManila harbor, we saw the sunkenremains of some of the Japanesesupply fleets. There are probablymillions of dollars of scrap iron sunkin the harbor.When we were in Manila, we hadheard about the bamboo organ; sowe decided to see if we could find it.We got into a taxi and asked him ifhe knew where it was. He took us The Road to RangoonWilliam Hauser, at 13, is theyoungest contributor to this issue ofthe Magazine. His father is PhilipM. Hauser, '29, AM '33, PhD '38,Professor of Sociology at the University who this year is on leave, servingas Statistical Adviser to the government of the Union of Burma. Because the Dr. Hauser was off on afield trip when the Magazine's letterarrived, William Hauser, alreadycorresponding for the U-High Midway, offered to let us use an articlehe had completed for this worthypaper. It has been somewhat condensed.He is now attending the MethodistEnglish School, in Rangoon, will beback on campus next fall, in theeighth grade at the LaboratorySchool. Through youthful eyes, ithas little in common withthe famed road to MandalayBy William Hauserto an old Catholic church that lookedas though it would fall apart.We climbed up some rickety stairsand found ourselves in the midst ofa singing choir. The Sister stoppedthe singing and asked one of thegirls to turn on the air pumps for Prome CourtRangoon, Burma4tt~-tV 'Jrtg1 1 i <0S 1 fcmtmmfif*^ t*t P t ' —HAUSERS AND BURMESE IN RICEFIELDthe organ. On the wall you couldsee the bamboo pipes. The organlooked like any other organ exceptthat it was made entirely of bamboo,which had been filled with sand anddried on the beaches of Manila hundreds of years before. Many peoplehave tried to construct another bamboo organ, but none have succeeded.It's one of the wonders of the world.After two days, we left for HongKong. As we came into the harbor,some small boats came, and we threwsmall coins for the boys to dive for.They retrieved most of them, butthey missed a few.In Hong Kong we went shopping.You could buy anything there cheaperthan where it was made. We boughtlots of ivory things. In a music shopI saw a beautiful ebony clarinet thatwas about one-third the price of onein the States. I wanted it badly, butwe had so much stuff already wecouldn't carry another thing. Sixmonths later, when one of our friendsin Burma went to Hong Kong, wehad him bring it. It's really slick.Bangkok was the next stop. Wewere met by one of Daddy's friends, and he took us to the Oriental Hotel.At the hotel we were led down acorridor which seemed miles longto our rooms. At lunch we becameacquainted with new fruits. We hadrambutan for the first time.We saw many of the temples inBangkok: the Marble Temple, theEmerald Buddha, and the RecliningBuddha. At the Emerald Buddha(which is made of jasper) we foundthat we could not take pictures without permission, which we managedto get for the next time. This wasthe King's temple, and was connectedwith the palace, with a wall between.On the wall was painted the storyof the Ramayana, an old allegoricalstory.One day we arranged a trip whichwould take us down the river to seethe floating native markets. The ChaoPhraya River is used for everything.If you sit on the shore, you see hundreds of wood-burning tugboats pullrafts up the stream, and you also seebarges that are loaded so they haveabout six inches between the waterand the gunwales of the barge. Thenif you go up or down the river ina boat, you see one person going tothe bathroom in the river and maybea person downstream taking a drinkor brushing his teeth or swimming.A little while later we turned intoa canal. It was about thirty feetwide but got narrower. It wascrowded with boats, which lookedlike dugouts. Many of these wereloaded with fruits and vegetables.There were also little punts not overseven feef long, selling all kinds ofthings. There was the coffee man, thewhiskey man, the pork man, the manwho sold all kinds of tinware, andthe druggist who sold medicines.There are more kinds but that isall I can remember.The next day we went to the airport to take the plane to Rangoon,where we would spend the next ten totwelve months.MAY, 1952 15Vossiusstraat 14Amsterdam ZThe NetherlandsBEFORE MY wife and I came toHolland, we had the usual American "Hans Brinker" conception ofthe country as a land of windmills,wooden shoes, and tulips. There arestill a few windmills, largely for thetourists; a few people in particularlywatery occupations wear woodenshoes; and there is a great abundanceof flowers. The external appearanceof the country, at least in the largecities such as Amsterdam, is as different from the windmill picture as theway of life is different from the agricultural society which the windmillserved.The wooden shoe still keeps thefarmer in water-logged fields and thefisherman from getting their feetsoaked, but the dress of most of thepeople is the same as that in America,though somewhat drabber. If there isany such thing as a distinctively national costume, it is the raincoat. Inmany ways, the flowers, which aregrown for export but are also boughthere in profusion, are the most colorful thing about Dutch life.The Netherlands is an old, verystable, and until the war, a verywealthy nation. These factors havebred a conservatism into the way ofliving and thinking which is verystriking to the American. The peopleon the whole are satisfied with theway life has been and cling to old customs, old ways of furnishing theirhomes, and old superstitions. Theyare not interested, to the extent thatAmericans are, in progress.The difference is well expressed inthe story heard here that when anAmerican hears that one person in100,000 can become a millionaire,he concludes that therefore he canbecome a millionaire. When a Dutchman hears the same story, he concludes that therefore he can neverbecome a millionaire.The strength of the family is another striking aspect of Dutch life.The ties of the family are very strong,making contact with a Dutch familya very happy experience, accountingfor the noticeable lack of variety andcolor in Dutch society outside thehome.Families of seven to ten childrenare not uncommon, and are in factencouraged by state subsidies. The Too many boiled potatoesFamily life is heart-warmingThanks for Marshall Plan aidTwo alumni, both historians, presentTWO VIEWS OFBy Norman Kurland, '45number of children is one of the mostpleasant features of Dutch life, butit is at the same time the nation'sgreatest problem. Holland has thedensest population < in Europe — tenmillion people in an area approximately equivalent to the state ofMaryland — and cannot possibly provide well for all of these people fromits limited resources.The one feature of Dutch life mostdifficult for the American to adjustto is the cooking, which all foreignersunite in agreeing is among the worstin the world. Though the peopleseem to flourish, nutritional, health,and safety standards are below thosein the United States, and this inspite of social security in which theDutch are far ahead of America.There is complete health, unemployment, and old-age insurance fornearly everyone, so that though thisstandard of living is necessarily lowerthan that of the American, the Dutchman feels more secure in meeting thetroubles of daily living.Incomplete autonomyThe war and its aftermath havemade everyone keenly aware of thepower and wealth of the UnitedStates. Nearly everyone with whomwe have talked has expressed gratitude for American Marshall aid, andgreat interest in American life. American magazines and books are widelyread, and American movies and songsare popular.The United States InformationService is kept busy supplying information about all the aspects of American life. And few Americans who have not been here can realize theextent to which the American way oflife is influencing the daily life of thepeople.Most people cannot afford cars anddo not have refrigerators — nor dothey necessarily want them — but theydo know that America has the wealthto develop comforts and refinementsof life which they do not have.They also know that America'sactions are determining the fate oftheir lives and those of their children,and every act of the President, Congress, and people is known and closelyobserved. Most of the people, ofcourse, are not happy about this situation. But the majority feel thatfriendship with America is the onlypossibility for the Netherlands.Resentment still lingers over theloss of their Indonesian colonies,which they consider to have beenAmerica's doing. However, Marshallaid and increased contacts withAmericans in every walk of life ischanging this attitude.In spite of the flood of informationon the U. S. which has swept overHolland, the people are still largelyas uninformed about the realities oflife in the U. S. as Americans areabout the life here. The best wayto overcome this deficiency seems tobe actual contact of the people ofthe two nations on a level above thatof tourists. People of both countriesmust be encouraged to live in theother land for some time, so that theymay know something of the real lifeof the people.My particular field of study isEuropean history. For the student inContinued on page 1816 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthanks for the loss of IndonesiaResearch facilities are excellentThe wooden shoe is obsolescentHE NETHERLANDSBy Seymour Slive, '43THE OTHER University of Chicago person I met in the Netherlands I already knew rather well. Sheis Zoya Sandomirsky, who took hermaster's degree in sociology in 1950.She is also my wife.We are here with our infant daughter Katya, who at this writing is nota year old and who has not yet joinedthe children's crusade. She does,however, do quite well in Hollandand has adjusted so well to Dutchfood and climate that she has beenemployed by an Amsterdam photographer as a model because she lookslike a Dutch baby. Her last job wasposing on a Dutch toilet training seat.The adjustment accomplished bymy wife and I has been as easy asthe one our daughter made. Zoyahas been studying sculpture with anexcellent Dutch sculptor and I havejust about finished a study of Rembrandt and his critics which will bemy doctoral dissertation. StudyingRembrandt in Holland has been ideal,and the Dutch gave another exampleof their rightly famous tolerance andhospitality by the manner in whichthey helped me with my work.I am attached to the Universityof Utrecht; however, I have beenfree to do research in Amsterdam andthe* Hague. Research facilities for anart historian in the Netherlands aresuperb, and I have found the cura-Two Fulbright fellows, one studying European history, the other thehistory of art, send reports fromthe Netherlands which are in goodagreement. Pieter-Lastmankade-5Amsterdam ZThe Netherlandstors of galleries, print cabinets, picturedepots and private collectors as helpful as their colleagues in the academy. An inter-library loan system"brings any book in the country toyour desk in a matter of days.I miss only one feature of Americanuniversity libraries and this is theopportunity to browse in the stacks.Since books in the libraries are shelvedaccording to size and not accordingto subject, a stack permit would onlygive you the opportunity to get yourown book or to examine volumesclassified as elephant folios or duodecimos.My wife and I have traveled quitea bit in Holland and with great ease.The trip from Amsterdam, where welive, to Haarlem takes ten minutesby train. Utrecht is reached in aboutthirty minutes; the Hague in fifty;and Rotterdam, which is consideredfar away, in sixty-five. Trips havebeen made to Belgium and England,and before we return to Pomona College, in Claremont, California, whereI will begin teaching in September,we will tour much more of WesternEurope.Walk-up self-deceptionLife in Amsterdam has been particularly beautiful. We love the city andits pace and are impressed by its concerts and theatre. The wonderfulDutch family with which we livehas enhanced our months. There aresix children in the Volkersz familyand the addition of our infant washardly noticed; large families are therule here. St. Nicholas Eve celebrated with the family was like walking intoa painting by Jan Steen.The Volkersz family lives in a large. flat, which like all Dutch apartments,is conceived vertically. Theirs occupies what we would call the third,fourth and fifth floor of the building.Europeans call the first floor of abuilding the ground floor, and whatwe term the second floor they callthe first. Now I know why. It is soin order that people who live on thethird, fourth and fifth floors of abuilding which does not have an elevator can believe that they reallylive on the second, third and fourthfloors.Our house faces a canal; but nota windmill. To speak of woodenshoes to citizens of Amsterdam bringsthe same smiles to their lips that talkof gangsters brings to the faces ofcitizens of Chicago.World War II is not yet historyhere. The whole economy of the nation reminds one that this countrylost a war, was occupied for five yearsand then lost most of its colonies.Infrequent hot flashes bring the warand its consequences very close. Itwas only after we had lived here forsome months that we learned that thefamily which occupied the flat belowours was a Jewish one which was takenaway by the Nazis and never returned. We have seen the acres ofgraves of English paratroopers whowere killed in 1944 when they tried,and failed, to take Arnhem. Concrete bunkers along the coast whichwere built by Hitler as part of hisinvincible Atlantic Wall are still intact; we have been told they are tooexpensive to destroy.The beautiful new buildings in theheart of Rotterdam remind one thatthis city was gutted after the Dutchsurrendered to the German forces in1940. Now and then, but not often,Netherlander s mention the "HungerWinter of 1944-45" when tulip bulbswere eaten. The woman who toldus she always dreamed that tulipswere growing out of her stomachafter eating bulbs gives one reasonto re-examine Kafka.The American Fulbright granteeswere brought together on two occasions. One was an excellent Thanksgiving dinner for which Miss EleanorAllen, the American cultural attacheto the Netherlands, made great pumpkin and mince pies. The dinner wasContinued on page 18MAY, 1952 17KurlandContinued from page 16this field there is absolutely no substitute for a trip to Europe. Though .the large American libraries are aswell if not better stocked with recentliterature, the libraries here oftenhave old works of great importance.The real difference is in the availability of archival material, of whichthere is a staggering quantity. It isalso instructive to see the Europeanmethods and standards of scholarship,and to study in the atmosphere of thelong European scholarly tradition,which one really can sense.The one great handicap which theAmerican student coming to Europefinds is deficiency in language training. So many subjects, as well as theintimate contact with the life of thepeople, are closed to him because ofthis lack. In all other ways, the bestof American training seems to be asgood as the best European, and eachhas its own varieties of inferior preparation. It certainly is true that ayear spent seeing Europe is worthmany years' reading about Europe.I am working on my doctoral dissertation, which I hope to have finished when I return to the University of Michigan. I am writing thebiography of Antoine Arnauld, aseventeenth century French Jansen-ist leader, and making a study of hisphilosophical controversies with Male-branche and Leibniz, which werecarried on while he was in exile inthe Spanish and Dutch Netherlands.It was the fact that Arnauld hadlived here as well as the hope thatI could find material on him in therecords of the twentieth-century descendants of Jansenism, the OldCatholics, which made me desire tocome to the Netherlands. My expectations were more than satisfied.I had the exciting experience ofdiscovering a whole Jansenist libraryin the attic of one of the Old Catholic churches in Amsterdam, whichincluded a complete set of the worksof Arnauld. In other libraries L alsofound considerable material, and personal contacts with the Old Catholicpriests have given me a fine insightinto the nature of Jansenism.With all this material available,the Fulbright grant has proved valuable, not only for the experience ofEurope which it afforded my wifeand me, but also academically. SliveContinued from page 17appropriately given at Leiden. Andin September we were all given aten-day orientation course.I confess that we were rather skeptical about the value of a short orientation program. Our fears were unwarranted; the course was a stimulating one. We were given lecturesby Dutch experts on politics, economics, history, education and art.Some language instruction was included. And we were given somefine points, such as, use the nounNetherlander instead of Dutchman:Dutchman can have unpleasant overtones in English: think of Dutchuncle, Dutch treat, Dutch wife. Wewere also introduced to some controversial topics which have been discussed frequently since. For example,Indonesia.Indonesia argumentMost Americans, for very complicated reasons, side with the nativesof a country rather than their colonialrulers if they are asked to take sidesin colonial disputes. It is interestingto hear the case of the colonial poweron Indonesia. The Dutch argument,in very rough outlines, runs something like this. During the war wewere occupied by the Germans andour colonies were taken by the Japanese. When the Japanese capitulated in our Indies they cleverly surrendered to the Indonesians, not tous. The Americans and English madeno sincere effort to restore our colonies to us. So after suffering undera horrible occupation at home, wewere rewarded at the end of the warwith the loss of our empire.This outline is usually followed bythe comment that if we did not loseIndonesia we would not have neededECA aid. Of course, this is all waterunder the bridge now, but the issueis still very much alive.Overpopulation is one of the major problems in the Netherlands. Dramatic draining and reclaiming of landfrom the sea eases the situation a bit,but it does not solve the problem.We have seen the impressive dikewhich encloses the Zuider Zee andwhich has made an inland fresh waterlake out of what was once part ofthe North Sea. The Zuider Zee willbe eventually drained and made intofarm land. Salt water fishermen wholive on the banks of the Zuider Zeeare not very happy with this plan.Everybody in the Netherlands agreesthat there is a surplus populationhere, but there is no agreement aboutwhich part of the population is superfluous.Emigration is the other way inwhich the Dutch attempt to solvethe problem of overpopulation. Andthis, by the way, is another reasonwhy Netherlanders are so bitter aboutthe loss of Indonesia, which onceabsorbed much of the surplus population. The family we live with isgoing to emigrate to America; Mr.Volkersz has been in the States sinceOctober.Differences between Western Europeans we have met and Americansdo not seem to be fundamental ones.Netherlanders drink gin and like Hom-burg hats; Frenchmen swear by wineand wear berets, and Americans dispense with head gear and drink cocacola — or is it whiskey? The Dutchseem to be able to eat boiled potatoesevery day of their lives, whereas theFrench know fifty-five ways in whichto prepare potatoes. The differencesseem to be on this level. And Europeanmisconceptions about American lifecan be as erroneous as American mistaken notions about Europe.Depending upon your point of viewwe are all on the side of the angels,or is it a case of the pot discussingthe kettle?An increase in the number of citizens exchanged between Europe andAmerica would increase understanding among angels and pots and kettles.The 1952 Alumni Gift is breaking all records. Make sure youare among the thousands of alumni who are making this success possible. Send your contribution to The Alumni Foundation, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, before the Reunion,June 7.18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE\ Point Four Social Scientist in IranSage Omar's jug may fall beneath the banNow pondered by the Majlis in Irany Robert J. Minges, '47, AM '49U. S. Embassy, TehranAPO 205, c/o Postmaster, N. Y.rHE BARGAIN implicit in your letter is too good a one to be missed:in exchange for a description of my activities and comments on the)cal scene, I have the opportunity to communicate with University friends,obby for Point 4, and perhaps create some interest among potential recruitsor foreign service.I'm working for the State Department's Technical Co-operation Ad-linistration, which administers Point — assistance to under-developed areas.lore specifically, I'm assigned as a>cial scientist to the rural improve-lent program here in Iran.Since the oil nationalization lastDring, Iran has been getting con-derable attention in the Statesideewspapers and news magazines; soHere is perhaps little need for me^ comment on the political situationere. It does seem to many of usare, however, that although thesecco'unts have been for the most parttraight reporting, when they areBad and evaluated in the WesternVorld — out of the context of othervents and ways of thinking in the«[ear East — they do little to helpAmericans understand what is hap-ening in this area.Inevitably, I suppose, we judgeeople and events by relating them tohings already familiar. But, for ex-mple, it would be a mistake to thinkhat the spirit of nationalism now cur-ent in the Near East is akin to nine-eenth century European national-&m, or to evaluate political leadersp this area by comparison with American or even European statesmen.The street demonstrations whichook place in Tehran rather regularlyip to a few months ago, and which^ere reported rather grimly in theAmerican press, were in intent andiolence less serious than public dis-urbances which have taken placelot many miles from the Universityrf Chicago in recent years.Politics here is the national sport,md it's played rather enthusiastically. Our economic aid program in Iran,which for the current fiscal year has abudget of $23 million and consistsso far of nearly a hundred Americans,will eventually be administered byteams of technicians working in theten provinces throughout the country.The Community Analysis Staff,which at present consists of myselfand an Iranian sociologist, is concerned with the human problems ofeconomic development. We will beconducting the studies of the peasantculture on which to base recommendations as to the form the technical projects should take. It is ourconcern, for instance, to insure that the health, agriculture, and educationprograms are calculated in terms ofthe felt needs of the peasants. It isour responsibility to analyze the projects in the light of the likely consequences on the village ways of life,and thus to guard against unwantedeffects. And it will be our job towork closely with the villagers to getthe technical changes accepted —changes which will contribute to animproved economic and social status.The Isfahan of Hajji Baba is nowthe headquarters for a Point 4 regional team. The rose gardens ofShiraz — famed in the verses of Sa'diand Hafez1 — are becoming demonstration plots for improved wheat seed.The wines praised in the quatrainsof Omar Khayyam are threatened bya prohibition bill in the Majlis. Andthe ruins of Persepolis are but a shadow of grandeur long past.The changes are not unmixedblessings, but Iran herself is insisting on them. For those of us concerned with assisting her economicdevelopment, the possiblity of creating a new society — not an imitationof the West, but rather one utilizingthe technical achievements ofAmerica based on the Persian past-makes our daily work exciting andmeaningful.But Travel Has Its Seamy SideBy M. Elizabeth Cochran, AW21, PhD'30 Firenza, ItalyTHIS IS a sabbatical year for meand I am using it to take a lookat this part of the Mediterraneanworld.My farthest east range was Israelafter I had been to Turkey and Cyprus. My southernmost point wasMarrakech in Morocco. I'm nowmoving toward Southampton, whereI expect to sail on the Ryndam earlyin August.I've experienced and lived throughGreek inflation which is fantastic.Many experiences have beenpleasant and instructive, but I couldcheerfully have skipped the one ofhaving my baggage systematically looted. When I left Greece for twoweeks in Jugoslavia I sent my baggage directly to Trieste by the Adriatic Lines. Each of the three pieceswas opened, looted, closed, and lockedagain.Heavy snows in Slavonia delayedus in getting out of Jugoslavia. Onthe train were 30 emigrants to Australia and New Zealand who weremuch concerned lest they reach Trieste too late for the boat. Part of thetime we had no heat and we ranshort of food."I had a visa for Egypt, but afterthe disturbances there I reluctantlygave it up."MAY, 1952 19Looking at Life in LondonFulbright fellow gets new understandingof America as well as of dogged BritishBy Pauline hide, AM '46IT IS DIFFICULT to commentupon life in England in thesetimes. If there ever were an eventful year in which to live in this country this no doubt is it, and those ofus who are here fully appreciate thoseeducational programs which make itpossible for some Americans to seehistory in the making in England.At the moment life for most peoplehere is bound up in the problems ofeveryday living . . . will the butterration last the week? ... is meat tobe cut again, when the present ration only assures the individual ofone hearty meal weekly? . . . will weget one, two, or three eggs next week?Those of us who have undertakenhousekeeping arrangements have assured ouselves of a very good wayof seeing what much of daily lifeis to the average housewife. It is adull round of queues — queue at thebakery, at the greengrocer's, at thebutcher's, at the fishmonger's, etc.An American housewife with herfamily here assured me recently thatit is impossible to carry on an ordinary existence without being a fairlypermanent part of at least five queues.One is constantly amazed at the patience of the people.It may seem to be just "housewifetalk" to write first about food andthe problems of shopping, but ofcourse it is more than that. Rationing was an important issue in therecent election, and it continues tohave real significance in currentevents. The question of rationingcannot be discussed without observing that it does seem to work here.And while conditions are austere,nevertheless the people generally appear to manage. As one woman commented: "If you want to know howit's working, just look in the prams."And it is very" true that even in thepoorer sections the babies give theappearance of being well fed. Thewelfare foods for infants, supplied 51 Ct. Ormond StreetLondon, W.C.I, Englandeither free or at small cost, are doingmuch to insure the good health ofthe population.Speaking of good health, of courseone phase of the English scene mostof us are interested in observing isthat of the National Health Service.For the most part it seems to beworking effectively. The person ofaverage means will usually say thathe doesn't know how he would manage without the health program. Hemay complain about the long waitfor service, but he will very likelyassure you that he would hate to bewithout the program and that hewonders how his counterpart in theUnited States manages.At the time of writing this, thelate King is lying in state and thetwenty-five year old princess has beenproclaimed as Queen Elizabeth II,the new sovereign. The elaborateceremony which is a part of daily lifeat the moment is somewhat perplexing to at least this one American!I went to the proclamation at St.James Palace and stood in the coldwind a couple of hours to secure avantage point from which to see theprocession. A young London policeman commented to me: "Yes, wehave a whole lot of tradition . . .that's about all we do have anymore." I thought he was ratherlightly expressing the average man'scomprehension of the changing worldin which he lives.Culture vs. disk jockeysMy work has brought me intotouch with a good many so-calledaverage citizens, those people whosecourage we marvelled at during thewar years when the general civilianpopulation faced and met the problems arising from bombing. The acutehousing shortage today is an ever-present reminder of the war, and toa social worker looking at life in Lon don, bad and over-crowded housingseems to be the most pressing problem. Again and again social workersbecome resigned to being unable tohelp a family unless and until rehousing can take place. While we inthe United States know somethingabout the housing problem, we havenever begun to have the problemreach such huge proportions as it hashere. One sees evidence of the effectof this situation on family life andknows full well that children growingup under these conditions cannot helpbut be severely scarred.On the lighter side, I must comment that I am glad to be able tolisten to good music or a good playon the radio without being jarredevery few minutes by a commercialjingle or a dolorous voice advisingme to use only a certain soap or toothpaste unless I want to experience direconsequences! I wholeheartedly endorse BBC for its educational andcultural services to the people. Ofcourse there are times when I misssome of my favorite disk-jockeys!^Living in another country for ayear — sharing the daily events, thetrials and the pleasures — is an experience of a lifetime. It does something to one's outlook on life, obliterating some of the artificial differences between peoples and makingthe real differences more apparent.To live in England for a year is toadd considerably to one's understanding of a culture from which oursvaries in many ways. To understandand value the differences is — to asmall degree anyway — to improverelations between two countries withintertwined destinies.I cannot conclude without addingthat living in another country for aperiod of time provides an excellentopportunity to gain perspective onone's own country. If I were a writerI believe I would attempt a bookcalled "Discovering the U.S.A. inEngland." When our country is seenfrom a distance its major featuresare highlighted — both the desirableand the less desirable ones. At thispoint, thoughts of home are strong,strong thoughts! The many thingsconsidered typically American seem,for the most part, good and substantial. And despite encountering someperhaps inevitable anti - Americanfeeling, I "wear" my American accentproudly!20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEEgyptology in England; Epigraphy in EgyptChicago scholar is unruffled when renownedhostelry burns shortly after his stay in itBy William Edgerton, PhD '22 IA Water StreetCambridge, EnglandMY WIFE AND I are spendingthis academic year in Cambridge, England. On the initiative ofmy old friend S. R. K. Glanville,first holder of the newly created Herbert Thompson Professorship of Egyptology here, the University of Cambridge invited me for a specific pieceof work in Demotic lexicography. TheFulbright Act and the University ofChicago enabled me to accept theinvitation.Demotic is the name now givento the succession of stages throughwhich the language of pagan Egyptpassed between the seventh centurybefore Christ and the fifth centuryof our era. No dictionary of Demoticexists in print. My teacher, ProfessorWilhelm Spiegelberg of the University of Munich, who died in 1930, leftme what is probably the most important existing collection of materialsfor the production of such a dictionary, and this has been my chiefscholarly work in the interveningyears. Colleages and former studentshave also contributed generously.My task in Cambridge is to incorporate the late Sir Herbert Thompson's smaller but still valuable collection into this project. Incidentally,during the present term I am teaching one course to three advancedstudents, which I also very muchenjoy.During the recent winter vacation,we spent four weeks in Egypt, so thatI could study at first hand some ofthe evidence underlying a chapter,which I wrote several years ago inChicago, for the forthcoming revisionof the Cambridge Ancient History.For three weeks we were guests ofthe Oriental Institute's EpigraphicSurvey, at Chicago House, Luxor.This Chicago expedition is uniquein the history of Egyptology. Itsfunction is the copying, publication, and interpretation of ancient Egyp-tion reliefs and inscriptions, principally those carved in gigantic proportions on the sandstone walls oftemples. Sandstone temples look permanent, but experience shows thatthey are doomed to destruction, partly through human agencies and partlythrough the inexorable course ofnature. There is reason to believethat those which stand on the Nilealluvium cannot last many more centuries — some of them perhaps notmany decades — owing to the slow butsure rise of the water level.To save the carvings on such wallsand make them available for study byscholars throughout the world, theexpedition has developed a methodof publication which utilizes the Egyptologist's knowledge, the camera'sspeed and precision, and the artist'sskillful pen. The product is a seriesof magnificent folio volumes whichin my opinion contain the most accurate copies ever published of Egyptian reliefs and inscriptions. Underthe present field director, ProfessorGeorge R. Hughes [Ph.D. '39], andhis colleague Professor Charles F.Nims [Ph.D. '37], the work is beingcontinued in a manner which deservesthe highest praise.1The study of Egyptology is still inits infancy. Until Champollion's brilliant decipherment of the RosettaStone and other hieroglyphic inscriptions in 1822, no one had been ableaFor a number of years in the twentiesand thirties, the Oriental Institute alsoconducted an excavation in certain limitedareas of the Theban cemetery (west ofLuxor) under the direction of ProfessorUvo Holscher of the Technische Hoch-schule, Hannover, Germany. The purposeof this work was not to bring homeantiquities (though some very interestingones were in fact added to our collectionsin Chicago) but to round out our understanding of Ramses Ill's mortuary templeat Medinet Habu, where the EpigraphicSurvey was working. Professor Holscher'swork, like that of the Epigraphic Surveyitself, is in course of publication by theUniversity of Chicago Press for the Oriental Institute. to read a sentence in the Egyptianlanguage in more than a thousandyears. Champollion's deciphermentwas only an entering wedge. In thehundred and thirty years since thattime, the always tiny group of Egyptologists has been slowly extendingthe boundaries of knowledge.Many important texts are still unpublished, many others are but badlypublished. A whole series of grammars and dictionaries is needed tomake the texts intelligible, for nolanguage can live three thousandyears without undergoing many fundamental changes. Political and socialhistory, religion, law, medicine, andother aspects of Egyptian culturecould be infinitely better understoodthan they are today, if only the evidence which is known to exist wereadequately collected, published andstudied. Many able and devotedyoung scholars are eager to do thework, but we lack funds to supportthem. Neither inscriptions on stonenor manuscripts on papyrus can lastforever — not even in the most carefully protected museum cases. Everyyear some part of the legacy of Egyptperishes, unrecorded and unstudied.Before and after our stay in Luxor,we spent some days at Shepheard'sHotel in Cairo while I worked inthe great Egyptian Museum there.We left for England seventeen daysbefore Shepheard's was burned bythe mob. Although some "incidents"occurred in the Suez Canal Zonewhile we were in Egypt, we ourselveshad no unpleasant experience of anykind. We were received with thegreatest cordiality and courtesy by allEgyptians with whom we came incontact, officially or otherwise, aswell as by American and Europeanresidents, and every conceivablefacility was made available to me formy work, both in Cairo and in Luxor.MAY, 1952 21Prexy's Report from JapanBy Hiro Ohashi, PhD '26THE JAPAN Women's University wasfounded in 1901, and for half a century it has had as its mission the upliftingof the status of women in Japan.The founder of the University, JinzoNaruse, gave us three mottoes as ourguideposts for education: thoroughgoingconviction, spontaneity and creation, andco-operation and service. We still holdthese mottoes up as the principles of education in our university.We take great pleasure in the recognition that the same principles of education which we have long held before ourselves as mottoes are those which underliedemocracy.In these days of co-education, we stillbelieve in the use and significance of non-co-educational institutions of higher learning, for we believe in educating girls aswomen, as well as in their more generalcapacities as human beings, individuals,and Japanese.The University includes a School ofHome Economics, devoted to such fieldsas child study, nutrition, social welfare,and applied sciences; and the Faculty ofLiberal Arts, which contains the departments of Japanese literature, English literature, history, and education.In addition, we have attached schoolsranging from the nursery school throughsenior high school. The students enrolledin the University number about 2,000, andan approximately equal number attend theattached schools. We also conduct a correspondence study program in home economics, which has an enrolment of some3,000.The Japan Women's University has sentforth 12,000 graduates in the course of itshalf century of existence.Many of the professors on our faculty1898 . .Trevor Arnett has spent the winter inFt. Lauderdale, Fla., and had as his guests,his sister-in-law, Mrs. J. B. Fleugel, and hisgrandniece, Dorothy Arnett. He and hisgrandniece motored to California in April,visiting, en route, University friends ArthurBruce (JD '08) in Memphis, and JohnMoulds ('07) in California. Mr. Arnettplans to return to his home in GrandBeach, Mich., in June.1901Marian Fairman, after six weeks in the Bunkyo-KuTokyo, Japanhave studied in the United States. Amongthese are three alumni of the Universityof Chicago.The University has encountered a greatmany difficulties, and in these days ofeconomic inflation, I have had to tacklemany financial problems. Still, we havefour to five times as many applicants foradmission to the University as we can accommodate.I was once sorry that I had to giveup my own career as a biologist, but Ihave since discovered how engrossing administrative work can be.hospital this winter, left for Tampa, Fla.,in February for a three and a half monthstay. Her sister went with her.1902Members of the Class of '02 con-tinue to exhibit interest in and plansto attend the 50th Anniversary Re-union— June 6, 1952* Mary Tierney (Mrs. John Kinsey) is aChicago resident. Her husband is a retiredmaster mechanic. Eugene Watson writes: "Old, fat andbald, some years ago I retired from business and am now looking after the affairs ofour local United Hospital as chairman ofthe Board of Trustees. Can't make thereunion this year; loo busy endeavoringto raise a million dollars to increase thenumber of beds from 200 to 250."1903Frank L. Griffin, Professor of Mathematics at Reed College, was recently electedfirst vice-president of the Mathematical Association of America, and first vice-presidentof the Board of Regents of MultnomahCollege in Portland, Ore. He is also servingas president of the Oregon Academy ofScience.Sophia Berger (Mrs. E. N. Mohl) of Na-thanyah, Israel, attended the 31st CouncilMeeting of the International Federationof University Women in Holland last summer, representing the Israel Association.Mrs. Mohl, who recently retired as president of that Association, has been madeits honorary vice-president for life.1907William E. Wrather, director of the Interior Department's Geological Survey, hasbeen elected a life member of the boardof trustees of the National GeographicSociety. Wrather is treasurer of the American Association for the Advancement ofScience and past president of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.1910William C. Moore, PhD, is devotingmuch of his time to water color painting.Several of his works were included in theStamford (Conn.) Hobby Show last fallwhile two others were on exhibit at theart show sponsored by the AmericanChemical Society at its fall meeting, inNew York City.Bernard H. Schockel, PhD '46, is VisitingProfessor of Geography at the Universityof Kentucky this year.1911Ralph H. Kuhns, Rush MD '13, has beenappointed to the finance committee of theNational Association for Mental Health,and re-elected a director of the UnitedStates Chess Federation.John C. Burton, formerly an advertisingagency executive, writes from Scarsdale,N. Y. that since his retirement in 1949, hehas written two books on popular music—The Blue Book of Tin Pan Alley, and TheBlue Book of Broadway Musicals, and heis compiling and writing a third, The BlueBook of Hollywood Musicals.Myrtie Collier is Professor Emeritus ofMathematics at the University of California."Took my doctorate at the University ofStrasbourg in mathematics. Have spentmy years in teaching math at UCLA andImmaculate Heart College. Have spentmuch time in travel both in this countryand in Europe."Elizabeth Halsey writes that she is stillat the University of Iowa in the Department of Physical Education, and enjoyingextra-curricular contacts with Iowa CityLeague of Women Voters and the S.U.I.chapter of A.A.U.P.Edith Prindiville Atkins has received acitation from the Coburn-Wright Post ofthe Veterans of Foreign Wars in Hanover,N. H., "in recognition of her untiring ef'forts in support of true Americanism andher enthusiastic interest in all veteranslegislation in the 1951 session of NewHampshire General Court."22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1912Here' s more news about this 40threunion class. Put a red circle aroundJune 6, and plan to join us on thecampus then. Asterisk continues toindicate those who have plans, ten-tative or otherwise, of attending.Milford E. Barnes, Rush MD 14, is. Professor and Head of the Department ofHygiene and Preventive Medicine, StateUniversity of Iowa. He is also director ofthe University Department of Health andconsulting director of the Iowa State Hygienic Laboratory.# William Roy Carney of Chicago writesthat he is still operating coal mines inSouthern Illinois and a graphite mine inMexico as well as a large stone quarry andready-mix business in the Chicago area."We now have five grandchildren. Myeldest son, Bill, has two girls and Otis, mynext in line, has three boys. Our daughter,Jean, a graduate of the National Collegeof Education, is now teaching school inDeerfield. Our youngest son, Peter, is ajunior at Princeton, specializing in geologyand paleontology."* Lorraine Cleary Roach of HighlandPark, 111., writes that "I'd love to attendeverything on our 40th reunion. I nowhave fifteen children (counting the sons-in-law). Six on the Diamond Cross Ranchin Montana, raising Hereford cattle; fivein Winnetka, and four in Shorewood, Milwaukee, and my hair isn't gray yet."* Isabella Courts (Mrs. C. F. Berschback),a resident of River Forest, 111., remarksthat the plans for a 40th reunion "soundvery interesting, and I am looking forwardto being there if all goes well."Gertrude Fish Rumsey writes that although there is no assurance she can makethe reunion, "it sounds very tempting." Herhusband is a farmer whose family havefarmed since 1802 in the vicinity of Genesee County, Batavia, N. Y. where the Rum-seys are now farming. Their only son waskilled in action in World War II. Theyhave two daughters.* Franklin Fisher is an attorney and counsellor at law in Auburn, Maine, who hopesto be present at the reunion.* Dorothy Hinman Hind is director of thedepartment of audio-visual education of theNiles Township High School in Illinois.Hobart R. Hunter, MD '13, retired lastNovember after serving for 11 years assuperintendent of the Northern WisconsinColony and Training School at ChippewaHonored librarianThe outstanding work of Lydia M.Olson, '06, as chief librarian at theNorthern Michigan College of Education for 34 years was honored thisfall when the College's new, modern library building was named theLydia M. Olson Library.Miss Olson, in her many years ofservice, built up a fine school libraryof more than 60,000 volumes, includeing the well known Tyler Collection.Her indefatigable work, her enthusiasm, and her thoroughness in research helped in the success of the17,000 former students of the College. In 1941, Miss Olson retiredfrom active service. Falls. He is now living in DeLand, Fla.His son, Russell, is a surgeon in Los Angeles, and his daughter, Mrs. Farrell Anderson, is living in Henderson, Ky.* Frederick W. Rohr, MD '14, is a physician in Chicago.Gretchen Scotten, AM' 13, retired fromhigh school teaching in 1949 and is livingin Indianapolis.* Louise Robinson, AM '38, has taughtin the physical education department atChicago Teachers College since 1924. "Ihope to see a lot of loyal '12ers at the reunion."* Frederick T. Wilhelms, AM '36, ateacher of physics at Bowen High Schoolin Chicago, is vice-president of the Association of Chicago Teachers. His fivedaughters are all married and presentinghim with grandchildren— nine, to date.* Franklin Fisher is a lawyer in Auburn,Me. His older son was killed in action inWorld War II. His younger son is now anassistant professor of geology at the University of Kentucky.Ellen C. Mulroney (Mrs. Willard Peterson) writes from San Diego, Calif., that sheis busy keeping house and being a dotinggrandmother. "Our two daughters arethrough college and busy. Maryanna ismanager of the Student Placement office atStanford University and Ruth Ellen is married, living near us, and mother of ourgranddaughter. Some months ago four ofus from the University-Ruth Bozell, '13,Dorothy Hind, Ruth Horn, and I-had areunion here. We did quite a bit of remembering of our college days. Sorry I'm toofar away for our class reunion. Good luckfor the 40th time!"Carrie Nicholson is living in Chapel Hill,N. C, where her husband, Arthur Jordan,'14, is Professor of Educational Philosophyat the University of North Carolina. Theyhave a son and daughter, both married,and five grandchildren.Ruth Ransom Rankin is managing herown apartment building in Berkeley, Calif.She was back in Illinois in Decembervisiting her youngest daughter and herfamily in Deerfield.* Lillian Eltinge (Mrs. Orville Steininger)reports that she plans to attend the reunion, most of it, at any rate. She is aChicago housewife, and has raised twochildren.* Isabel Jarvis may have lost by now allthe sun tan she acquired in Florida thiswinter when she visited her brother, buther enthusiasm for the reunion is stillvery much in evidence.Jacob Sampson, manager of a theatrechain on Chicago's North Shore, spentthree months recently in Houston, Texas,with his oldest daughter and her family."Can't say for sure I'll be at the reunion,but it's nice to hear about the old gang."* Richard F. Teichgraeber writes fromPelham Manor, N. Y., that "As far as Ican foresee now, I plan to attend the reunion in June. Am looking forward tosame with a great deal of anticipation."* B. Franklin Bills, JD '14, reports thathis work more and more takes him out ofthe city, "but count me in as being interested in the reunion, of course." He ishead of a Chicago firm of consultants inpersonal communication.John B. Boyle, JD '14, sends the newsthat he and Mrs. Boyle left for Europe inApril and did not plan to return untilearly in July. "It would be nice to see theold gang after 40 long years. I hope thereunion will be a huge success." * Clyde M. Joice is one of the people whoshould know most about reunion plans,since a committee of 1912'ers met at hishome last January to make plans. Clydeis president of the Goodkind, Joice &Morgan advertising agency in Chicago, aswell as being active in the American Association of Advertising Agencies, the Rotary Club of Chicago, and chairman ofpromotion and publicity for the EpiscopalChurch Diocese of Chicago.* Ella I. Lightfoot is a secretary in Chicago.Greetings to 1912'ersClara Allen Rahill regrets that shewill be unable to attend the reunion, but in partial amends shehas addressed a very newsy letter tothe Class of '12:"Sorry I won't be with you for thebig 40th reunion. What a gay weekend you have planned."With eight grandchildren, allwithin driving distance, I decided totake a Red Cross job in self defense! It's wonderful, though, tohave the family all near at handagain, after being scattered all overthe globe during the war. I wouldget out the old atlas and trace theirwhereabouts in China, the SouthPacific, Italy, France, and Mexico."You may have heard that our 20-year-old son, John, who left the University of Chicago to enlist in 1942,was killed in action in France. Acompany commander of the 45 thInfantry, he was awarded the SilverStar posthumously."Our oldest son, Bill, served fouryears in China with the Quakers,then came back and entered Harvard Law School. He is now a Philadelphia lawyer."Gerald W., the second son, servedin the Navy, the first man to volunteer from Williams College, back in1939. He has stayed in the Navy andhas recently been made a full commander, serving on the Administrative staff at Annapolis."Our daughter, Clarissa, attended the University of Chicago,and loved it, while young Dick, 18,has gone to Williams as did his twoolder brothers, his father, and twouncles, all Phi Delta Thetas!"Best wishes to you all for a grandreunion. I'll look forward to reading about it in the Alumni Magazine."Caldwell, N. J.Mayme Irwin Logsdon sends a newsyletter from Coral Gables, Fla., to explainthat she can't attend the reunion becauseshe is teaching at the University of Miamiand the week of the reunion is the weekof finals there for her. "I retired from theUniversity in 1946, came here to teach oneyear, liked the teaching and the climate sowell that I am still teaching and I havebuilt a home here in which I hope to spendthe remainder of my years. My health isperfect and when I am not busy with schoolduties, I garden, weave, and play bridge."* Louise C. Robinson, a teacher and deanof physical education in the Chicago JuniorCollege, writes that she is planning to attend the reunion.May B. Smith, AM, is a retired teacherliving in Caldwell, Idaho, who writes thather activities are "too varied to describe."May, 1952 23BOYDSTON BROS.. INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendantiW. B. Conkey Co.Division ofRand McNally & Company"PiitttenA. <z*td Stttd&uCHICAGO • HAMMOND • NEW YORKSince ISS5ALBERTTeachers' AgencyTha but In placement itrvlce for University,Collage, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide patronage. Call or write ui at25 E. Joclcson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisTelephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Fhrht826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLTREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMUseum 4-4500AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Slmonize, Washand Greasing Departmenfs NORMAN PAINE & QUEENNorman C. Paine, MD '18, was obviouslyhaving a fine time congratulating NancyThome, Queen of the 1952 Tournament ofRoses. "One of the most pleasant momentsI ever had," he remarked. The Tournament's Queen selection was revealed forthe first time publicly at a meeting ofthe Big Ten Club in Los Angeles andsince Dr. Paine is a member of the Boardof Directors of that group it was his pleasurable task to express official greetingsto the pretty Pasadena College junior.1914Derwent S. Whittlesey, AM '16, PhD '20,is now with the Geological Museum atHarvard University.1915Roger M. Choisser, MD '17, was awardeda medal and a scroll from the GeorgeWashington University Medical Society,citing his outstanding scientific accomplishment, academic attainment, and service tothe society and the community. Dr.Choisser is Professor of Pathology and amember of the medical staff of The GeorgeWashington University.1916Charles F. Grimes, JD '19, general counsel, has been elected secretary of the Chicago Title and Trust Co. He and his wife,Martha Hall, '18, are residents of Highland Park.1917Samuel N. Katzin, who took work at theUniversity around 1917, has been appointed general chairman of the 1952Combined Jewish Appeal campaign. Hewill direct the activities of more than5,000 volunteer workers in an effort toraise $10 million for Jewish social servicesat home and abroad. M. Katzin is president of the- Midway Chevrolet Co., in Chicago.1919David Graham, PhD '27, is now a resident of Wenatchee, Wash. His latest andlargest book, "Songs and Stories of theCh'uan Miao" has been accepted for publication by the Smithsonian Institution.1920Lawrence M. Graves, AM, PhD '24, Professor of Mathematics at the University,was elected a vice-president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and chairman of Section A, on.mathematics, at the annual meeting lastDecember.1921Howard Goodman, trustee of the Uni.versity and vice president of the GoodmanManufacturing Co., in Chicago, has beentppointed a member of the Chicago PlanCommission by Mayor Kennelly.1922Julian F. Smith, PhD, has been electedchairman of the American Chemical Society's Division of Chemical Literature.Smith heads the Scientific InformationDivision of the Office of Naval Research inWashington, D. C.Ruth H. Teuscher is supervisor of Eng.lish in the Racine, Wise, schools. She haswritten 13 books for young people, "jhave a very pretty place in the countrywhich is the apple of my eye."William H. Trout is president of theNorth Shore Mental Health Clinic, locatedin the Highland Park Hospital.Louise Meyer Zollmann is a partner withAlex Zollmann in the hardware business inMilwaukee, Wise.1924Robert P. Pollak has been made a general partner in the firm of H. Hentz &Co., stock brokers in Chicago. He has beenwith the firm since 1939, formerly as manager of the Chicago branch.1925Alexander Isaacs, AM '26, is a. dealer inrare and out-of-print books, in Chicago.He and his wife, Rosalia Pollak, '31, havetwo children, Jane, 6, and Robert, bornNovember 7, 1951.1927These class notes should help bringyou up to date on the whereaboutsand doings of some of the membersof the Class of 1927, who will holdtheir 23th reunion on June 6.Margaret Bay Shuman is a Winnetka,111., housewife. Her husband is a commer-SAMUEL KATZIN24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEcial engineer for the Illinois Bell Telephone Co. They have two sons: Robert,a graduate of Grinnell College who is nowin the Army; and Philip, 13.International attackon polioMargaret Hayes, '18, attended theSecond International PoliomyelitisConference in Copenhagen, and theFifth International Conference forWelfare of Cripples in Stockholmlast September."At the latter conference I was adelegate from the National Societyfor Crippled Children and Adults,the International Council for Exceptional Children, and the ChicagoBoard of Education. As principal ofthe Gompers School (in Chicago) Ihave some 150 physically handicapped children under my care, aswell as 500 regular children fromthe neighborhood; nine of the bedside teachers in south side hospitalsare also part of the Gompers schoolorganization."These two international conferences were most stimulating and interesting both from the actual information received and from thecontacts with persons from manydifferent countries, and mostly fromthe inspiration of working peacefully and intelligently for a commongoal with people of many nationalities."* Helen A. Benson is living in SantaBarbara, Calif., where her husband, Stanley Nichols, '26, is a public accountant.Their daughter, Harriet, is majoring inart at the University of California.* Virginia Brintrall Henkle writes thattheir two sons are married. Her husbandis president of the Mercury ManufacturingCo., in Chicago.* Gladys Byram Shepperd is a high schoolteacher in Baltimore, Md. Her husband isa physician. They have two children: Sandra, a junior at Howard University; andDouglas, a sophomore at the Universityof Pennsylvania.* Alice Carter Querfeld writes from Detroit, Mich., that her husband is estimatorand engineer for the Dariss & ArmstrongConstruction Co. Their son, Charles, wasawarded a scholarship to Harvard University and is a freshman there this year.* Elizabeth Donnelly (Mrs. Clyde Natt-kemper) is living in Terre Haute, Ind.,where her husband is owner of a cleaning plant. They have two children: CaroleAnn, 10; and Don, 4.Fannie Frank is a retired teacher livingin Chicago.Gertrude R. Gardiner writes that shehas moved permanently to Anderson, Ind."Of course, a reunion is the thing, although I may not be able to attend. Ishall be happy to receive the news ofthe gala events."* Rebekah Green Geiger is a housewifein Evanston, 111., with music and writingas hobbies. Her husband is a ceramicdevelopment engineer with the NationalLead Co. They have a son, Joseph, age5.* Emily Klein Gidwitz, AM '29, is activein various phases of community work inHighland Park, 111. Her husband, Joseph Dacron is the new DuPont polyester fiber that resists wrinkling, stretching and abrasion. . .therebygreatly enhancing the appearance and wearingqualities of a suit. Blended with rayon and acetateit makes a cool, lightweight material that is practical and most attractive. The suits, made on ourown exclusive patterns ... in medium grey, navyor medium brown. . .are outstanding for town orcountry wear. $52Other Lightweight Summer Suits, from $23.50Swatches, descriptions and measurement form sent ufon request.ESTABLISHED 1818i$Ien$ Ifurni5liinc|0,jjat0 %$ hoe*346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.74 E. MADISON ST., NEAR MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 2, ILL.BOSTON • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOMAY, 1952 25PARKER-HOLSMANReal Estate and Insurance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-6324lunches: 45c up; Dinners: SI.25-S2.25PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE OROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0111PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEC^xcludlue L^ieWe operate our own drycleaning plantTHREE HOUR SERVICE1331 East 57th St. 5319 Hyde Park Blvd.Midway 3-0602 NOrmal 7-9858Office & Plant1442 East 57th Street Midway 3-0608 Medical footnotesare supplied by Ruth E. Wentworth,'25, who is secretary in the office of official publications and dissertations at theUniversity."Inspired by the fall article about children of alumni in the College, I have donea bit of research and come up with thefollowing names. They are sons or relatives of alumni of the Medical Schools orof faculty members, past or present, whoare now students in the University of Chicago School of Medicine, or who have recently graduated:Warren H. Chapman, senior, son ofKatherine Howe, Rush MD '27, and FrankChapman, Rush MD '14, at one time onthe Rush faculty;Byron J. Francis, freshman, son ofByron F. Francis, formerly of our Department of Medicine;Eugene Gootnick, senior brother of Lester Gootnick, MD '48;Donald. Glotzer, senior, brother of PhilipGlotzer, MD '48;Willis E. Gouwens Jr., senior, son ofWillis E. Gouwens, MD '28;Arthur G. Lawrence, senior, son ofWalter Lawrence, SM '25, and brother ofWalter Lawrence, Jr., MD '48;Andrew E. Lorincz, senior, brother ofAlbert Lorincz, MD '46, and of AllenLorincz, MD '47, now instructor in theDepartment, of Medicine;Edward L. S. Jim, freshman, brother ofVernon Jim, MD '44, recently returned tocampus as a resident in Ophthalmology,and brother of Robert Jim, MD '48;Richard H. Neal, MD '51, brother of William Neal, MD '41, now instructor inthe Department of Surgery;Theodore L. Schoenberger, MD '51brother of James Schoenberger, MD '43.Warren P. Sights Jr., senior, son ofWarren P. Sights, Rush MD 15;Weldon Thomas, brother of LouisThomas, MD '45;Richard C. Woellner, freshman, son ofRobert C. Woellner, AM '24, director ofVocational Guidance and Placement at theUniversity;Dr. Richard Watkins, Rush MD '25,contributed a son-in-law, Leon Comstock,MD '51."And while I am on this subject, I thinksomebody should give a cheer for the graduates of this Medical School who haverecently returned or are holding adminis-trative positions on our faculty:Evelyn Adams, MD '49, Instructor inMedicine, and Director of the EmployeesHealth Service;Robert Hasterlik, MD '38, AssistantProfessor of Medicine, Director of ArgonneNational Laboratory Health Service, Associate Director of Argonne Cancer ResearchHospital;Henrietta Herbolsheimer, MD '38, Assistant Professor of Medicine;Leon Jacobson, MD '39, Professor ofMedicine, Associate Director Argonne Cancer Research Hospital;George V. LeRoy, MD '35, Associate Professor of Medicine, Associate Dean, Division of the Biological Sciences;Thomas W. Lester, Jr., MD '41, AssistantProfessor of Medicine, Director of the Student Health Service."Class of 1927 continuedGidwitz, '28, is a manufacturer of corrugated boxes. They have three children:Alan, a college student; Ralph, 16; andBetsy, 11.Helen Kridelbaugh Slaney is farming inCorydon, Iowa.* Virginia Myers (Mrs. George Pillow) isliving in University City, Mo., where herhusband is in the insurance business. Theyhave a daughter who is a freshman atWashington University in St. Louis.* Arthur J. Patterson is in mortgagebanking in Chicago.* Evelyn Pixley is a teacher at Scott schoolin Chicago.Edward L. Plane is executive vice-president of the Mid-West Federal Savings andLoan Assn., in Evansville, Ind. He hasthree boys: William, 19; Lewis, 18; andDonald, 13.Reese H. Price is editor and publisherof the Bourbon, Ind., weekly newspaper,the News-Mirror, and he also edits andpublishes a monthly farm paper. His wife,Dorothy Low Price, '28, is co-publisher.Their daughter, Anne, is a high-schoolsenior.Roy A. Price is a professor at SyracuseUniversity. "My most intimate news ofChicago comes from the former facultymember, T. V. Smith, who was my advisor at the University, and now a colleague on the faculty oi the MaxwellSchool of Citizenship at Syracuse." Pricehas two sons: James, 13; and David, 11.* Elsa Rawlings writes that since she retired from teaching in the Chicago publicschools she has been running a summerresort at Chetek, Wis., and spending thewinters at Gig Harbor, Washington, withrelatives.* Harriet P. Ray, AM '44, combinedpleasure with professional interest bvattending the International Congress of Mental Health in Mexico City last December. She is a psychotherapist in Chicago.* Milford E. Rice is assistant treasureiof the Sparks-Withington Co., in Jackson,Mich.James S. Rich, MD '32, a radiologist,is "enjoying a fine practice at Lexington,Ky." He has two children: Tommy, 13;and Jeanne, 9.Donald T. Robb is an electrical engineer with the Western Electric Co. atKearny, N. J. He and his wife, RuthGrinnell, '26, have two children: Charles,17; and Priscilla, 15.Catherine Roherty, AM '41, is a socialworker with the staff development section of the Indiana State Department ofPublic Welfare in Indianapolis.* Mary R. Ruble is a teacher of homeeconomics in the Cocke County HighSchool in Newport, Tenn.* William Rurik, MD '31, is a physicianand surgeon in Chicago, on the attendingand consulting staff of Ravenswood Hospital. His daughter is a graduate of BeloitCollege and his son, George, is now a pre-medical student at Beloit.John R. Russell is a librarian at theUniversity of Rochester. He has two children: Mary, 11; and Hugh, 9.Henry R. Sackett, JD '29, is a lawyerin Gary, Ind. He has two children: Su-sanne, 17; and James, 15.* Samuel Salam is a certified public accountant and a partner in the TraveliteTrailer Co., of Chicago and Ft. Worth,Texas. He is also treasurer of the Overland Coach Co. and the Stromberg Hydraulic Brake Co. He has a son, William, and a daughter, Susan, both at'tending the U. of C. Lab School.John 1\ Schneider, AM '29, is Professorof Marketing at San Francisco State Col-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElege. Last fall he was elected president ofthe Association of California State College Instructors. He has four growndaughters.Richard W. Seebode is minister of theFirst Parish (Oldship) Church in Hingham,Mass. He has two sons: Richard, a sophomore at the University of Rhode Island;and Frank, a high school freshman.Louis Sevin, JD '29, is a manufacturerof cotton dresses in Fall River, Mass. Hehas a six-year old daughter, Gail Ann.# Glenn N. Shelley writes, "I retired asa teacher in the Gary, Ind., schools sixyears ago and came to this land of sunshine (Donna, Texas). There was a vacancy in the local high school so I applied,and here I am— happy and well. The RioGrande valley is certainly next door toheaven."* Sylvia Sider Philips lists "Mother,Housewife, Husband's Helper" as her business in Mt. Vernon, N. Y. Her husbandis a physician. They have three children:Philips, 14; Alice, 11; and Ellen, 7.* Jay Simon is with the investment division of the City National Bank and TrustCo., in Chicago. He has two children:John, 18; and Barbara, 17.* Henry C. Slover is a tax supervisorwith the Barrett Division of the AlliedChemical and Dye Corp., in New YorkCity. He has two sons: Richard, who isbeing graduated from Purdue Universitythis spring; and William, 11.* Doris Smoler Shapiro is living in Chicago. She lists painting and club workas avocations. She has two children:David, 17; and Elena, 16.Hyla Snider, AM '28, is Assistant Professor of Secretarial Studies at Connecticut College in New London.Edwin M. Soderstrom is a surgeon, associated with the Merced Clinic, in California. He has two children: Diana, 20; andEdwin, Jr., 17.Marie Thiele, SM '33, (Mrs. CliftonLiter) is a homemaker in Glenview, 111.,with two children: Mary Joan, 8; andClifton, 7. Her husband is an examinerwith the National Bank.Marjorie Thompson Meyers, AM '46, isa social worker in New York City. Herhusband is a lawyer.Allen S. Weller is head of the Department of Art at the University of Illinois.He and his wife, Rachel Fort, '27, AM '28,have two children: Judith, a third-yearstudent in the College of the University;and John, 11.* Allan C. Williams, SM '29, is a geographer, specializing in city planning andreal estate brokerage in Chicago and vicinity. "Since the largest land use in anycity is the residential portion, I havegiven most of the past 15 years to thehousing programs of both private industry and those aided by the various levelsof government." His son, Allan, is a student at Hiram College in Ohio.Jack B. Zavatsky is now general managerof the George Innes Co. department storein Wichita, Kan. The store was recentlypurchased by Younker Bros. Inc., of whichMr. Zavatsky is a vice president.1928Clarence R. Decker, PhD, has assumed^e duties of assistant director for theFar East in the Mutual Security agency.,^e has been granted a six-month's leaveof absence from his post as president of^e University of Kansas City.Helen King Rouse has been named tothe YWCA board of directors in Chicago.Harrison S. Paynter is senior residentPhysician at Leahi Hospital in Honolulu. Evangeline Williams and her husband,Henry Stewart, lent 27 William Walcotprints to the Renaissance Society for anexhibit of some sixty Walcot pieces whichwere displayed at the galleries in lateFebruary and early March.1929Archie Blake, SM '31, PhD '37, has accepted a position as head of the IBM computing section, Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Buffalo, N. Y.Louise K. Kripner (Mrs. Joseph) andher husband are busy lining up an interesting summer for themselves and otherswho may wish to take advantage of theKripner's personally conducted tour ofeleven European countries. One of thehighlights of the trip will be the OlympicGames in Helsinki, Finland, in July. Thegroup will span the ocean by air, andtravel by private deluxe motorcoach onthe continent. The Kripners have traveledextensively in Europe, as well as Centraland South America.Evelyn Oppenheimer now has a weeklyradio show featuring current book reviewing and commentary, in addition toher Southwest lecture schedule. A bookof her collected poems, "Legend and OtherPoems" was recently published by theNaylor Publishing Co., of San Antonio.She was formerly a member of the Chicago Poetry Society.Costi K. Zurayk, AM, is presently Rector of the Syrian University at Damascus,having been invited by the Syrian government to modernize that Near East university. He is vice president of the AmericanUniversity of Beirut. From 1946-47 he wasMinister of the Syrian Legation in Washington.1930Albert Tannenbaum, MD, is conductingcancer research at Michael Reese Hospitalin Chicago.1931Henriette C. K. Naeseth, PhD, authorof the recently published "Swedish Theatre of Chicago" was the guest of honorat a Swedish theatre night in March, sponsored by the Swedish Club of Chicagowith the cooperation of the Swedish Pioneer Historical Society.1932The 20 th Reunion of the Class of'32 is set for June 6, 1952.* A long newsy letter from Stillman M.Frankland, president of the Class of '32,tells about his work as statistical analystfor the tooling section of Douglas Aircraftin Long Beach, Cal. He is enthusiasticabout his work and the giant C-124 Globe-master. He is also building a large housein Long Beach. He isn't married but willconsider if the young lady is beautiful, anorphan, or with a family of wealth anda business where they need a son-in-law vicepresident. He hopes to return for reunion.Louis E. Kanne is a partner in the lawfirm of Farone & Kanne, in Phoenix, Ariz.John Mills, Jr., is with the educationalfilms division of Eastman Kodak Co., inRochester, N. Y. He and his wife, ElisabethParker, AM '34, have three sons.* Kathleen D. Walker is a senior partnerwith her husband of the Walker MetalProducts Co., in Harvey, 111. Mrs. Walker, Telephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.fresh Fruits and VegetablesDuinbutota ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water Market@exctutnce ih cifcmtCAt productsELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.DisUlbntart. Manaficturars md libogrs ilELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewood 4-7500GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186TELEVISIONRentals — sales New & ReconditionedRADIOSRadio-TV ServiceELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators Dishwashers DriersWashers Air Conditioners FreezersSPORTING GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSLPs & 45sFine collection tor children935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700Julian A. Tishler, '33MlD-WESTlALUMNI MAGAZINES |Phone, Write or Call—but one way or another get theREAL Advertising Story back ofthese seven alumni magazines.Data available from your ownAlumni Magazine office, or American Alumni Magazines at 22Washington Square, N., NewYork 1 1 . GRamercy 5-2039May, 1952 27I MORE LEADERS AMONGITS READERS!Magazines. Chicago is one of the sevenAlumni Magazines that compose theMid-West Group, which has98,000 READERS!A selective audience with BIG Incomes.BIG Influence. BIG Needs-a BIG pr>mary market for advertisers.Ajax Waste Paper Co.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, CR 7-2668BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoGolden Dirilyteiformtrly Dirigoli)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID — NOT PLATBDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal. Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDiriqo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, III. who served for two years as chairman ofthe Alumni Fund drives in her district,writes, "I have been unable to participatein alumni activities due to my businessduties, but I am still very much interestedin the University and its progress."1933Patricia H. O'Hara is a bookdealer inLos Angeles.1934William Philbrook, an associate professorof metallurgical engineering at CarnegieInstitute of Technology, was one of threeco-authors to receive the Robert W. HuntAward from the American Institute ofMining and Metallurgical Engineers. Theaward is given each year for the bestoriginal paper or papers on iron andsteel contributed during the period underreview.Mildred Throne is an associate editorfor the State Historical Society of Iowa.Burton H. Young, JD '36, a Chicago attorney, has been called back into thearmy. He is a captain on the faculty ofthe Counter Intelligence Corps at FortHolabird, Baltimore. Of course, Burt hadbeen there only a short time before hehad a Great Books program in full operation.1935Leonard LaCass writes that they are enjoying their Brendonwood home, near Indianapolis. Leonard is still an engineerwith Western Electric.Mary Mark, who is director of the Division of Home Economics of the ChicagoPublic Schools, was married to VernonSturm last October 10.Morris Stubbs, PhD '31, is professor andhead of the Department of Chemistry atthe New Mexico Institute of Mining andTechnology.1936Henrietta Chase, (Mrs. Stanley Telser)a concert soprano, has been giving Chi-cagoland concerts. She sang in the St. Matthew Passion at Orchestra Hall and at theBach Festival at Kalamazoo College. Shealso teaches voice.William B. Reynolds, PhD, is now associate director of research at the PhillipsPetroleum Co., in Bartlesville, Okla.1937Aaron Bell, Assistant Professor of Political Science at Hobart College, writes:"I was touched by the report of the remodeling at the Reynolds club, remembering the chess-fever of my mis-spent freshman year. I still play regularly with theFinger Lakes Chess Society; played a character role in the last play of the GenevaCommunity Players, staged in the courthouse; and conduct a Great Books coursein the town with four PhD's in theclass."James H. Breasted, Jr., AM, has beenappointed to the faculty of Kent Schoolin Conn., effective in September. He wasuntil recently director of the Los AngelesCounty Museum of History.Paul W. Runge, SM '47, has been appointed chief chemist of the ChemstrandCorporation's nylon plant now under construction at Pensacola, Fla. The nylonplant is being designed and built byDu Pont on a 2,000 acre site north of Pensacola. It will have a 50,000,000 pound peryear capacity. Paul, his wife, and theirtwo children, Michelle, eight, and Margaret, six, will move to Pensacola whenthe plant nears completion. 1938Phyllis R. Greene (Mrs. John Mattingly)announces that the Mattinglys had theirwelcome mat out for newcomer JamesRobert, born March 1, 1952, joining olderbrother John to make two sons in the fami.ly. Phyllis adds, "And that makes Motherand two sons born the first week inMarch." The Mattinglys are enthusiasticresidents of Fort Collins, Colo.1939Charles J. Corcoran is personnel methodsofficer in the Office of Price Stabilization."Wife Kathryn, and children, Tom, Judy,and Peter enjoy life in Washington, withan annual respite in Connecticut."Lt. Col. Robert Hunter, MD, has completed his third and final year of residencytraining at Letterman Army Hospital, SanFrancisco, as part of the program of careeradvancement for military medical personnel. He has been assigned as chief of thegastro-intestinal section at Letterman. Col.Hunter, his wife, and their four children,Robert III, 9, Catherine, 7, Paul, 4, andReginald, 1, reside in San Francisco.Bearl L. Ginsburg, MD, is a physician inLos Angeles.Jerrold Orne, PhD, director of theWashington University libraries since 1946,has accepted the post of director of the AirUniversity Library, at HQS, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala.Marion J. Salisbury (Mrs. Donald Williamson) announces the birth of theirfourth child, a son, Bruce, born January19. Bruce has a sister Barbara, almost 7;a brother Donnie, 4; and a brother Dicky,2'/2.1940John W. Anderson, AM, has moved toFlint, Mich., where he is the executivesecretary of the Family Service Agency ofGenesee County.Herman F. Jaeger, AM, is superintendent of School District I, Franklin County,Pasco, Wash.Leonard Kent, MBA, PhD '50, has beenappointed chief statistician in the researchdepartment of Needham, Louis & Brorby,Inc., Chicago advertising agency.PAUL RUNGE...X28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELetter from SpainMarjorie Kuh Morray, '40, sendsnews from Madrid, Spain, where herhusband is an assistant naval attacheto the Ambassador. He was recalledinto the Navy last fall."Everything the magazines sayabout Madrid is true. It's a lovelycity; prices so far are low, althoughnot -so low as they were two yearsago; and the people are mostfriendly."The whole question of Spanishrelations with the rest of the world,especially the United States, is afascinating one. Our living conditions are such that I have quite alot of time to read on the subject,and that adds to my enjoyment ofour tour of duty."This business of having servants,(we have a cook, a maid, and anursegirl) provides an unbelievablecontrast to the dawn-to-dark routineof housework I had in the UnitedStates. I can't say that the opportunity it affords for reading, study,and sight-seeing oppresses me."Isadore Pitesky is a physician at theVeterans Hospital in Long Beach, Calif.1941Frank Costin, PhD '48, continues asassistant professor of psychology and clinical counselor, University of Illinois.Helen Fraser Belknap, MD, is on leaveof absence this year from the departmentof health of the State of West Virginiato attend the Graduate School of PublicHealth at the University of Pittsburgh.Richard Salzmann is vice-president ofHarold L. Oram, Inc., public relationsand fund-raising consultants. He is accountexecutive in charge of public relationsand budgets policy for the InternationalRescue Committee, the Iron Curtain Refugee Campaign and the Resettlement Campaign for Exiled Professionals.First Lt. Albert Somit, PhD '47, is nowstationed at the Heidelberg Military Post,Germany, and has been assigned to dutyas a propaganda-linguist with the 301stRadio Broadcasting and Leaflet Group, apsychological warfare unit on the post.He was associate professor of governmentat New York University before he wasrecalled to active duty as a reservist inJuly, 1951.1942This issue, and the next, will beloaded with news of the Class of '42,with an asterisk indicating those whohope to attend the reunion onJune 6.Alice Altman (Mrs. Charles Katz) is ahousewife in Dewey, Okla., with two children: Billy, 3; and Judy, 1. Her husband isa chemist with the Bureau of Mines.Richard V. Andree, Assistant Professorof Mathematics at the University of Okla- 'homa, is secretary of the Oklahoma sectionof the Mathematical Association ofAmerica. His wife is Josephine Peet, '42,SM '44.Charles B. Arnold, Jr., is on The DallasMorning News. Classmates will no doubt agree with his remark that "feeding afamily of two children keeps one plentybusy these days."* Pierce Atwater II lists billing and bookkeeping, Southern Union Gas Co., El Paso,Tex., as his business.* Herbert Bain is director of the bureauof public information of the AmericanDental Association, with headquarters inChicago.William L. Baker, Jr., writes that afterhis discharge from the Army in '46 hesettled in Southern California. "By dintof working days and studying nights, Ifinally finished law school and receivedmy LLB at Loyola University in Los Angeles in June, 1951. Haven't heard yetabout the results of my California barexam, but hope to enter practice in '52.Meanwhile I'm hardening my heart as aclaims adjuster."* Bernard Balikov, SM '51, who returnedfrom Japan in 1949 to study biochemistryat the University, is now chief of thechemistry section, Percy Jones Army Hospital in Battle Creek, Mich.* Norma M. Barden, SM '45, is a hospitaladministrator in Washington, D. C.Jay P. Bartlett, MD '43 is a surgeon inOgden, Utah. He has two daughters..Paul Baumgart is manager of the economic research department of OxfordBusiness Surveys, a division of SafewayStores, Inc., in Oakland, Calif.* Eleanor Baxter Knight is a resident ofYorkville, 111. Her husband is a customtree planter. They have two children:Frances, 8; and John, 1.* Erving E. Beauregard, Assistant Professor of History at the University of Dayton, has recently contributed a chapteron "Islam and the Crusades" to a scholarlycooperative textbook on the History ofCivilization.* George Beebe is on the UNESCO relations staff, Department of State.* Marshall Bennett, an industrial real estate broker, is a partner in their firm ofBennett Sc Kahnweiler. He has a daughter,Barbara Jill, born March 16, 1951, anda new home in Highland Park.Ruth Berman, AM '46 (Mrs. MortimerRayman), is a social worker in Seattle,Wash. Her husband is a physician.* Arthur Bethke is with the Darling Manufacturing Co., in Chicago. He has threechildren: Barbara, 7; Douglas, 5; andCharles, 3.* Lillian Lee Bouslough is employed bythe Veterans' Testing Service at the University.Pauline Burk (Mrs. Philip Cary) ofJoliet, 111., writes: "The Reader's Digestaptly stated my present state of existenceabout the time of my marriage: 'the roadto success is filled with wives driving theirhusbands before them.' I am busy withhusband; son Robert, 7, daughter, Margaret Ellen, 3; house and church; I amgeneral coordinator of culture in the basicunit of the family." Her husband is ametallurgical engineer.William Caudill, AM '48, PhD '50, isan anthropologist on the staff of the department of psychiatry, Yale University.Starting in September, he will be teachingand doing research in the department ofsocial relations at Harvard University.Patricia Daly (Mrs. Fielding Ogburn)is living in Silver Spring, Md., where sheis raising two children: Willard, 5; andAllan, 3. Fielding is a chemist with theNational Bureau of Standards.* Joseph P. Epstein is a caterer with theSilent Hostess Catering firm in Chicago. CLASSIFIED(SOc per line)RETIRING to sunny Florida? For a home ofdistinction in a beautiful city of lakes nearRollins College, settle in Orlando or WinterPark. See or write a U. of C. alumna, EdnaM. Feltges, with McNutt-Heasley, Realtors, 15W. Washington St., Orlando, Florida.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 100 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash Avenue670 N. Michigan AvenueChicagoWHOLESALE RETAILLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther PlantsBoston — New York — Philadelphia —Syracuse — Cleveland — Detroit"You Might As Well Have The Best"RESULTS . . .depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Adressographing - FoldingMailing - Copy Preparation - MultihthA Complete Service for Direct AdvertisersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn - Chicago 5 - WA 2-4561Phones OAlcland 4-0690— 4-069 1 —4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueT. A. REHNQUIST CO.VEST. 192?CONCRETEFLOORS — SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAIR WORKCONCRETE BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WALLS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7-0433May, 1952Lyrical mathematician* Robert Swenson, 42, has successfully and profitably combined musical figures with the mathematicalvariety. His official position is Assistant Professor of Mathematics atGeorgia Tech. Last year, however,he won a $1,000 song- writing prizein a contest sponsored by CapitolRecords. His winning entry, "Laughing at Love", has been recorded byGordon MacRae for Capitol. Hisprevious song-writing experience, onan amateur basis, was for Mirror andBlackfriars shows at the University.Bob worked in the alumni officewhile attending the University.POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHeeves Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMl 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisPHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYFine Color Work A SpecialtyQuality Book Reproduction731 Plymouth CourtWAbash 2-8182Platers- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD. SILVER, RHODIUMSILVERWARERepaired, ItmAmhhmd, JUfacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ava. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoA. T.STEWART LUMBER CO.Quality and ServiceSince 188879th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones Vlncennes 6-9000LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVER2801 W. 47TH ST., CHICAGO. I He has two sons: Joseph Jr., 4; and Frederick, 2.* Margot Faust is now Mrs. Eric Hamp.She continues as instructor in art at theUniversity, where her husband is an instructor in linguistics.* Victor H. Fink, MD '44, is a Chicagophysician specializing in internal medicine.* Jack L. Fons is staff assistant to thechief chemist of the Standard Oil Co.,of Indiana. A resident of Chicago, he hastwo children, a boy and a girl.Edward W. Gilbert is with the advertising firm of Ruthrauff Sc Ryan in NewYork City.* Herbert Goldstone is an instructor inEnglish at Cornell University. He received his PhD degree in English fromHarvard University last June.Robert B. Gooden has received thebachelor of foreign trade degree from theAmerican Institute for Foreign Trade,Thunderbird Field I, Phoenix, Ariz. Specializing in Spanish, Gooden has completed the school's intensive training intechniques of international business administration, foreign languages and characteristics of foreign countries.Captain Bruce F. Grotts has been backin the Army for almost a year now, after37 months in service in World War II.He has a son, Tim, who is six months old.Ellen Jane Grove (Mrs. George Hip-skind) is living in Peru, Ind., where herhusband is a paper salesman. They havetwo children. Judy, 6; and Christine, 4.* Lyle Harper Jr. is living in Pacific Palisades, Calif., where he is in the aircraftaccessory business.Earl W. Hartman is assistant to theComptroller at the University. He hasfour children: William, 14; David, 10;and twins, Paul and Patricia, 8.Lois Hattery is living in Paris, France,'where she teaches French and English atthe Ecole Berlitz. She is working on herdoctorate at the Sorbonne.Esther Heller Goodwin is secretary offinance of the Anshe Emet Synagogue ofChicago. She has a 15-year-old son, Michael.Elizabeth Herlinger Groot is a housewife in Richland, Washington, with twochildren: Peter, 3; and Pauline, 20 months.Her husband, Cornelius Groot, '40, SM'42, is a chemist for General Electric Co.,at the Hanford Works.Richard E. Hill is assistant to the vice-president in charge of production of theAlbers Milling Co., a division of the Carnation Co., in Los Angeles. He has ason, David, 2.L. Julia Honeywell is a public healthnursing supervisor in New Haven, Conn.Dorothy Hoskins Haas is a housewife inScotia, N. Y. Her husband, Walter Haas,Jr., PhD '41, is a research associate withthe Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory inSchenectady, N. Y. They have a seven-year-old son.Helen Howard Link is a graduate student in French at the University of Illinois where her husband is an assistantprofessor of architecture. "I had hopedfor a reunion in '52 and had expected toattend. However, my husband has recently received a fellowship for six monthsstudy abroad and we shall probablv beabroad in June. Best wishes to the '42ers!"Berta Howell, who became Mrs. RobertLeopold last November 10, is engaged inpublic relations work for the Institute ofPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation-part of New York University BellevueMedical Center.Edward Ide is engaged in market re search in Philadelphia, Pa. He has fourchildren: Timothy, 9; Margaret, 6; Jonathan, 4; and Gwendolyn, 1.John H. Ivy is a fellow in internal medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester. Heand his wife have a daughter, Susan, bornlast August 3.* George L. Jacobsen, AM '48, is a Chicago high school teacher. He has threechildren: Peter, 7; Jean, 4; and Mike, 2.* Joseph Jacobson is engaged in chemicalmanufacturing in Chicago.* Woodrow A. Jaffee, SM '47, is sales manager for the Oil-Dri Corp., in Chicago.He has two sons: Dwight, 9, and Gilbert, 5.* Myles A. Jarrow is with a Chicago firmwhich manufactures refrigerator and coldstorage door gaskets.William B. Jeffrey, Jr., BLS '47, is assistant law librarian at the Yale Law School.After receiving his LL.B. in 1950 fromDrake University, he went to HarvardUniversity for one year.* Kenneth J. Jensen is a chemist with theArgonne National Laboratory. His wifeis Harriet Jorgenson, '43.* Carl E. Johnson, AM '48, is participatingin the State of Illinois program of specialeducation as visiting counselor on the highschool level. He has two children: Sally, 5,and Mark, one year.* Dale P. Johnson writes that he is supervisor of material handling, engineering,indirect labor standards, and special projects at the Highland Park, Mich., plantof the Ford Motor Co.Lewis H. Johnson is a lawyer in Seattle,Wash.* Neil Johnston is a salesman with theMcCormick Investment Banking Co. Hehas two children: David, 3; and Laurie,born in December, 1951. He is a residentof Clarendon Hills, 111., and "enjoying itgreatly."* Harris B. Jones, MBA '49, is administrator at the King's Daughters' Hospitalin Frankfort, Ky. He has two daughters:Barbara, 5; and Mary Susan, 1.Richard I. Kahl is a sales representativefor the Remington Rand Co., in NetfYork. In line with his hobby, which istraffic safety, he is consultant to theNew York State joint legislative committeeon motor vehicle problems in connection with a study of the state's vehicleand traffic law compared with the uniform vehicle code.* Howard A. Kamin is zone manager forthe Crosley division of AVCO. He has twochildren: Nancy, 5; and William, 2.* John W. Karn, MD '44, is an anesthesiologist at the St. Joseph Hospital in SouthBend, Ind. The Karn's two children areJohn, Jr., 5, and Joanne, one year.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWoodrow J. Kash, MD '45, is a physician in Chicago.* Maurine Kornfeld, a social worker inMinneapolis, writes: "Enjoyed ChancellorKimp ton's visit to Minneapolis, and feelmore confident than ever that he willgive the University continued high standards of leadership in the field of education."Herbert E. Kubitschek is an associatephysicist at the Argonne National Laboratory, biological and medical researchdivision. He and his wife, Jenny Groot,>43, have two children: Carolyn, 3, andCraig, 1.* G. Richard Kuch is minister of the Unitarian Church of Fort Worth, Texas. Hiswife, Jeanne Tobin, '39, is head of thedepartment of local history and geneologyof the Ft. Worth public library. Theyhave two children: Cameron, 6; andGregory, 4.Muriel Lawson is a resident of Nashville, Tenn., where her husband is anassociate professor of physics at Vanderbilt University.Robert Lawson is personnel examinerfor the California State Personnel Board.He has three children, 7, 3, and 1.* Florence K. Lee Benjamin is a Chicagohousewife with two daughters: JudithAnn, 6; and Meredith, 1. Her husband,George Benjamin, '35, is midwest representative of the American Finishing Co.* Leo Lichtenberg, who is with the Chicago Sanitary Products Co. (soap manufacturers), writes that he would like areunion very much.* Priscilla Love (Mrs. Robert Nelson)sends the news that they have built ahome in Park Ridge, 111., and now havetwo daughters, one 41/2 years old, andthe other eight months. "My husbandjust passed the Bar exam after three anda half years of law night school at KentLaw School."* Nanette Lowenstern Lane < writes thather husband is an attorney with Paramount Pictures in New York City. Theyhave two sons: Donald, 7; and Richard, 4.* Herbert S. Manning, MBA '47, is withthe Atlas Awning and Canvas Goods Co.,as well as the Manning Engineering Co.,in Chicago. He and his wife, June Cohen,'45, have two children.* Lawrence Markus, SM '46, is an instructor of mathematics at Harvard University.He and his wife have a baby daughter,Sylvia, six months old.Loren C. Marsh is a laundry sales manager in Muncie, Ind. He writes that hewas married "fairly recently" to HelenUnger, a graduate of Bob Jones and Northwestern Universities.* James J. McClure, Jr., JD '49, is assodated with the Chicago law firm of Hopkins, Sutter, Halk, DeWolfe, and Owen.He has a two-and -a-half year old son,John.Jack Myers has been in the real estatebusiness for two years, specializing intimber sales in the heart of the DouglasFir industry, Roseburg, Oregon. He hasa daughter, Trudy, 18 months.* William T. Nelson is a research chemistwith the Phillips Petroleum Co., in Bartles-ville, Okla. The Nelsons have three children: Darby, 3; Tom, 2; and Andrea, 1.* Melvin M. Newman, MD '44, is an instructor in surgery at the University ofChicago. The Newmans have a babydaughter, one year old.* Alfred Norling is director of economicresearch for Capital Airlines. He lives withhis wife and two children, Jane, 5, andPeter, 3,. in Alexandria, Va.Howard L. Parsons is teaching in the department of philosophy at the University of Tennessee. He and his wife, HelenBrummall, who studied at the Universityfrom 1943 to 1945, have a daughter, Deborah Jane, age 2.* Bradley Patterson, Jr., AM '43, is staffassistant to the assistant secretary for public affairs, Department of State. "I servedon Mr. Acheson's secretariat and accompanied him twice to Paris, in 1949; nowwith Edward W. Barrett (Campaign ofTruth, Voice of America)." He and hiswife, Shirley DoBos, '43, have three children: Dawn, 7, Bruce, 4, and Glenn, eightmonths.Sarah Jane Peters (Mrs. Ellis Lapin) isa Los Angeles housewife with two children: Nancy Ann, 6; and Claudia Beth,almost one year. Her husband is an engineer with the Douglas Aircraft Co.* Mary Toft Petty, SM '44, is a statisticianin Chicago where her husband, DavidPetty, '43, is a physician. They have ason, David William, who will be one yearold on July 12.Warren B. Pursell is president of thePursell Public Relations organization inChicago. He has a son, Wayne, 4.Woodrow J. Radle is a meteorologist,now located as airways forecaster in forecast center of U. S. Weather Bureau atDayton, Ohio, where he has been forthe past six years.* Grace Rapmond Hered is a housewifeand part-time teacher living in Whiting,Ind. Her husband, William Hered, '36,PhD '39, is a professor at Indiana University Extension and at the University ofChicago. They have two children: Barbara, 6, and Bette Jean, 3.* Jean Rilia (Mrs. Miles Matousek) is ahousewife in Park Ridge, 111., with twogirls: Rea, 5; and Lynn, 2. Her husbandis a captain with Capital Airlines.* Elizabeth J. Waters (Mrs. FrederickBrooks) left her editorial work to becomea full-time housewife and mother. Herhusband is owner of the Brooks clinicallaboratory in Chicago. They have a son,Gary, 4.* Rolf A. Weil, AM '45, PhD '50, is Associate Professor of Economics at RooseveltCollege in Chicago. He is married andhas one child.Bernard Zagorin, AM '48, is an economist and assistant treasury representativein London, England. He and his wife,Ruthe Kramer, '43, AM '47, have twosons: Gregory, 2Vk; and Peter nine months.1943Just in caseMarian Kendall Craine, '43, hasfor the past several months beendoing a job she fervently hopes willnever be needed.One of the top welfare workers inthe country, Miss Craine has been"borrowed" by the drafters of Illinois' civil defense program to helpwork out a plan for preventing panicamong women and children in caseof an enemy air attack.On a 18-month leave of absencefrom the Welfare Council of Metropolitan Chicago, where she was associate executive secretary of theDivision of Family and Child Welfare, she is now right-hand man toFred Hoehler, Director of PublicWelfare.She also has the responsibility ofrecruiting and training volunteers. GLEN EYRIE FARM FORCHILDRENOn Delavan LakeA FARM CAMP, farm family life, gardening,farm animals, orchard, nature hikes, countrydancing, games, swimming, boating, andcamp life for \both boys and girls.8 and 4 week terms beginning June 24th.Ages 8 to 12 years.Virginia Hinkins Buzzell '13, DirectorDelavan, WisconsinCLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency70th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis— Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits its workt(L ,vhe university and college field. It isaffiliated with the Fisk Teachers Agency ofLhicago, whose work covers all the educational fields. Both organizations assist inthe appointment of administrators as wellas of teachers.Our service is nation-wide.HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING. BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrcheiter 3-1579RICHARD H. WEST CO-COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 4-3192YuJu/ue Klumniti \-for INTENSIVEREADERSHIP!Purdue and six other magazines thatcomprise Mid-West AlumnrMaga-zine Group are read by 98,000 menv/ho have a keen, coniinuing mteresiin something mighty vital to them.Here, then, is an unusual opportunity for advertisers to reach leaders who buy more, use more anainfluence more! Here is a big, logicalmarket for you!MAY, 1952 31The Hazel HoffShopInfants' - Children's WearLingerie - HosieryNylon Hosiery — BerkshireNeumodePerfectly ProportionedShort? Medium? Tall?1377 East 55th Street— HYde Park 3-8180BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380Sine* 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180Ashjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone REgent 4-6000 Kinereth Dushkin (Mrs. Walter Gensler)writes that there are two sons in thehousehold, Orin, 3, and Daniel, 15 months.Her husband is an associate professor o£chemistry at Boston University.JOHN GUSTAFSONJohn F. Gustafson is now the purchasing agent of the Farm Supply Division ofMcMillen Feed Mills, with headquartersin the Fort Wayne, Ind., offices.Milton I. Shadur, JD '49, is with the lawfirm of Goldberg, Devoe, Brussell &Shadur.Raymond Siever, SM '47, PhD '50, associate geologist of the Illinois state geological survey, has been designated recipient of the 1952 President's Award of theAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists. The award is made annually bythe association to the scientist who hasmade the most outstanding publicationin the literature of petroleum geology, andwho is under 35 years of age.1944The engagement of Miss Ann Aston toCapt. George N. Hale Jr., U.S.A.F., hasbeen announced by her parents. Capt.Hale is now stationed in Washington.Mary Jones Munson has been workingthis year at Massachusetts General Hospital as an atomic energy postdoctoralfellow in biochemistry. Her husband, PaulMunson, PhD '42, is an assistant professorof dental science at the Harvard School ofDental Medicine.Walter D. Rose is employed by theOil and Gas Journal as district editorfor the Gulf Coast.1946Miles Jaffe, JD '50, has been promotedto sergeant first class while serving withthe 519th Military Police Battalion inKorea. He has been in Korea since October, 1951.Harriett Kraemer Beck, AM, receivedher PhD in child development from theUniversity of Michigan in January, 1951.She opened, and became director of thePort Huron Child Guidance Clinic inSeptember, 1950, for the State Department of Mental Health.Arthur Leigh, PhD, teaches economics atReed College in Portland, Ore. He and his wife, Dorothy Eaton, 40, AM '42, havea daughter, Barbara, one year old.Eugene D. Morrow was married onJanuary 5 to Peggy Stark. The weddingtook place in Carmel-by-the-Sea, Calif.1947Frederick T. Bent, AM, and his wife,Nancy Pettengill, AM '50, are at theAmerican University at Beirut where Fredis teaching public administration.Peter Krehel, JD '51, is the unopposedDemocratic candidate for the U. S. Congress from Pennsylvania's 12th Congressional district. He is currently practicinglaw, operating a printing plant, and campaigning for a Washington address in November.George C. Legeros, MBA, was marriedon December 27, 1951, to Miss ConstanceNikopoulos.1948Russell H. Clark, MBA '49, is a consultant with the management engineering firmof Booz, Allen & Hamilton, in Chicago.Henry DeWind, AM, PhD '51, was married on January 12 to Violet Krai, '46, AM'49, in the Thorndike Hilton Chapel. Dr.Wilhelm Pauck of the Federated Theological Faculty officiated. Violet had beenon the staff of Time-Life Magazines inNew York City and is now working inthe admissions office at Olivet College,Mich., where Henry is assistant professorof history.Laurene E. Hodges, AM, is a memberof the Utah Opera Theatre and sang therole of Dona Elvira in "Don Giovani" inMarch. By day, she is a teacher in theSalt Lake City public schools.Harold Le Grande, MBA, and his wifeare busy raising twins, Paul and Evelyn,born last August 28.David Pollock, MBA, is an economistwith the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America, in Washington, D. C. He was married last November to Sheila Lepofsky of Toronto, Canada.Richard Sternberg was awarded the degree of bachelor of law at the winter convocation of Western Reserve University.Karl B. Zucker was awarded the master'sdegree at the winter convocation of Western Reserve University.1949Capt. Joseph P. Brett was recalled toactive duty last fall as commanding officerof the 101th Radar Calibration Squadron.Sheldon O. Colleen, JD, is associatedwith Seymour Simon in the practice oflaw at the Board of Trade Building inChicago.Murray Gerstenhaber, SM, PhD '51, isone of five outstanding young scientistsnamed by Bell Telephone Laboratoriesto receive the $4,500 Frank B. Jewett postdoctoral fellowship for 1952-53. This isthe second year he has received the award.At Harvard University this year, he plansto return to the University of Chicagonext year to continue studies in highermathematics.L. Frank Maranville, PhD, is a researchchemist with the Rayonier Co., Inc., inShelton, Wash. The scenery and mountain climbing are popular features of theWashington environs for Mr. Maranville-He has two daughters, Janet, 5, and DeD'orah, 2.Laughlin Phillips, AM, is vice consulin Hanoi, Indochina. In December, Laughlin and his parents, Marjorie and DuncanPhillips, all three of whom are artists,had an exhibition of their paintings mGeorge Washington University's library-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1950Rolf W. Brandis, a Chicago resident,is writing for radio and TV, and haswritten and produced several shows.ML Louise Cason, MD, is chief residentin pediatrics at the Jewish Hospital ofBrooklyn, and will remain in that capacity until June, 1953.Nathan M. Davis was married on December 29, 1951 to Miss Ann Bernstein,who is now a student at the University.Marcel de Meirleir, PhD, writes fromBelgium of the birth of their baby, Ken-ney, born January 19, 1952.Robert S. Jacobs, Ph.B. '50, is now astudent in the first year at Harvard LawSchool.John P. Makielski, MBA, is assistantadministrative engineer at the BendixProducts division in South Bend, Ind.He now has a son, born last November 29.Richard L. Mandel, JD, and his wife,Lois Silvertrust, '45, AM '48, have a son,David Lee, born last October 25.Robert F. Munn, AM, is now chiefreference librarian at West Virginia University.Stephen B. Packer, AM, is now servingas an ensign in the supply corps of theU. S. Naval Reserve.Mary Jane Voden, AM, is a social worker in the Veterans Administration MentalHygiene Clinic in Roanoke, Va.1951Jeanne Hurwitz, who became Mrs. Lawrence Hershenson last October, is living inSchenectady, N. Y. Lawrence is an alumnus, '47, SM '49.Myrtle Lundquist was named mastereditor for 1951 by the Industrial EditorsAssociation of Chicago in cooperation withthe Medill School of Journalism, in recognition of outstanding achievement in thefield of industrial journalism. Miss Lundquist has been editor for eight years of"The Commentator," employee publication of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.Hugh Jones, AM, is director of newstudent activities at National College ofEducation in Evanston, 111. In this capacity, he will call on high schools, individualhigh school students and organized groupsto bring their attention to the immediateneed for many well qualified teachers inthe elementary field of education.Marian Dianne Maurer is a corporalin the Women's Air Force, stationed inWashington, D. C.Lowell J. Myers, MBA, has left thefirm of Robert E. Novak Sc Co., to acceptthe position of field auditor for the department of revenue of the State of Illinois.Robert Towne, MD, and his wife, Suzanne Berlfein, are living in San Francisco,Calif., where Robert is on the staff of Mt.Zion Hospital. The couple was marriedlast September 16.VvlemorialHorace R. Dougherty, '96, died of aheart attack on January 27, 1952, in Seattle, Wash., where he had practiced lawfor the last 20 years.Florence Lyon, '98, PhD '01, (Mrs. StrongNorton) died October 21, 1951.Mary den Bleyher, '02, died in November, 1951. Frances Kellor, '03, died on January 4,1952, at the age of 78. An authority onimmigration and labor, she was the firstvice-president of the American Arbitration Association. She was the author ofmany books dealing with problems of immigration and arbitration. *¦George B. Robinson, '05, died January2, 1952, in Chicago. A retired investmentbanker, Mr. Robinson was an economistand an authority on social security accounting and fiscal policies. His wife, Gertrude Howard, who took work at the University around 1907, died last November 1.Maud Ada Bailey, '06, died on July 27,1951 in Chicago, 111.J. Howard Dennedy, '07, died on November 16, 1951, in Evansville, Indiana.Mary Frances Swan '09, (Mrs. EmmettGraham) died on January 2, 1952, in Billings Hospital.Gold R. Wison, '14, DB '21, died December 12, 1951.Edward Reticker, '16, former Chicagonewspaper editor and public relationscounselor, died on January 19, 1952, atthe age of 57. He had been serving asdirector of public information for the Chicago regional office of the office of pricestabilization.Wilfred W. Robbins, PhD '17, diedMarch 4, 1952, in Berkeley, Calif., followinga long illness. As Professor of Botany, Dr.Robbins had served on the faculty of theCollege of Agriculture of the Universityof California for 29 years. He is internationally known for his work on weedcontrol, and for his numerous books.Holly Estil Cunningham, PhD '18, author, lecturer, and educator, died on January 23, 1952, at the age of 69. He had beenhead of the department of philosophy atAsbury College in Wilmore, Ky., and previous to that president of Thomas EdisonCollege from 1941-1950.Julius L. Handelman, '19, died June 25,1951.Buford F. Gordon, AM '20, died at hishome in Charlotte, N. C, on January 19,1952.Karl Gruenwald, JD *20, died on January 20, 1952.Harold Axley, MD '21, died on November 16, 1951. He was a leading physician inCottage Grove, Ore., for 25 years and chiefof the medical staff of the local hospital.Emmeline Fricke, '21, died last September in St. Petersburg, Fla.Ralph B. Harris, AM '22, died in Washington, D. C, on November 6, 1951. He wasa college professor before he entered government service where he served on theCommittee of Economic Security and theWar Production Board.Thomas H. Bissonnette, '23, died November 30, 1951.Robert Hood Perry, AM '23, died onSeptember 13, 1951, in Waco, Texas, after along illness.Signe Wennerblad (Mrs. Luther Tatge),'23, died on January 1, 1952.The Rev. Damian Smith, SM '26, diedDec. 7, 1952. A member of the religiousOrder of St. Benedict, Father Damianwas a teacher at St. Benedict's school inNewark, N. J.Lena Seas, '27, died on September 1,1951.E. May Munsell, '30, died on February28, 1952, at Muskogee, Okla. She taughtspeech and dramatics for 33 years in Muskogee, as well as classes in religious education. She was a student of Biblical education.John Harold Mills, MD '33, died on October 14, 1951, in Portland, Ore. Local and Long Distance MovingStorage Facilities for Books,Record Cabinets, Trunks, orCarloads of FurniturePeterson FireproofWarehouse Inc.1011 EAST 55th STREETBUTTERFIELD 8-6711DAVID L. SUTTON, PresidentWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorAuto LiveryQuiet, unobtrusive serviceWhen you want it, as you want itCALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4-6400ffltfWOEI've said it myself and you've probablysaid it, too: "Gee, I wish I had a richuncle!"I had one for years and never even knewit. That is, I knew I had an uncle, allright, but — well, let me tell you whathappened.My father's brother — Uncle Fred —was just a natural -born wanderer. Hewent to sea right after he got out ofschool and traveled around the world foryears as an engineer on tankers andfreighters and ships of all kinds. When I was a kid he used to stop at thehouse for a couple of days, sometimes fora couple of weeks. He used to bring melittle souvenirs of his travels — Indian curios from Central America, a drum fromAfrica, coins and toys from Iceland andIndia, Portugal and Peru. He'd tell meabout his adventures at sea, and we gotalong swell.Sometimes as he was leaving, Dad orMother would urge him to "drop anchor"in our town, but he'd always smile andsay maybe someday he would.Weeks or months later we'd get a cardfrom him from Liverpool or Marseilles orHonolulu. He always said the same thingon his cards. "Arrived safely. This is aninteresting port."A couple of months ago Uncle Freddied suddenly on an inbound freighterjust outside ot San Francisco. Dad gotbusy at once making all the necessary arrangements and assuming the expenses.It was then that Mr. Ashley, a NewYork Life agent and a good friend ofDad's for many years, came over and toldus what Uncle Fred had done.It seems that back in the days whenUncle Fred used to visit us so often, hemade up his mind to do something nicefor me as a way of repaying Dad andMom for the kindness they'd shown himover the years. Uncle Fred had met Mr. Ashley over atour house and asked his advice. Betweenthem they had worked out a plan.As Mr. Ashley himself said to Dad,"The most sensible thing for him was lifeinsurance. It would build up a fund forhis own old age, so he would never be aburden to you. If he died, it would help torepay you for all you had done for him."Mr. Ashley took some papers from hisbriefcase and gave them to Dad to sign.Dad looked at the top one, swallowedkind of hard and said, "Are you sure Fredcarried this much life insurance?""Quite sure," Mr. Ashley said. "Andyour brother asked me — in case I everhad to get in touch with you about this —to give you two messages. First, that hehoped you would apply part of the moneyyou will receive toward his nephew's education. And second, that he arrived safelyin an interesting port ..."NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY51 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.Few occupations offer a man so much inthe way of personal reward as life underwriting. Many New York Life agents arebuilding very substantial futures for themselves by helping others plan ahead fortheirs. If you would like to know moreabout a life insurance career, talk it overwith the New York Life manager in' yourcommunity — or write to the Home Officeat the address above.Naturally, names used in this story are fictitious.