Colwell resignsIt had been a persistent rumor formonths: President Colwell would soon jointhe faculty of his first alma mater, EmoryUniversity in Georgia. Having never en­couraged drewpearson or walterw��chell legmen, we substituted watchful waiting.The first week in April we were discuss­ing the June Reunion with P:esid�nt Col­well-particularly as he dovetailed mto t�eplans. He smiled and suggested that we dIS­CllSS this "next week."That weekend the news broke. PresidentErnest C. Colwell 'had resigned as of nextSeptember to join the Emory faculty.We had hoped the rumor would evapo­rate and that the fifth floor fog envelopingCentral Administration would eventuallyrise, leaving the President quietly checkingbudgets for 1952-53.. .In high places, President Colwell IS oneof the best friends the alumni have. He andAnnette entertained alumni in their homeand at the reunion garden parties.She enjoyed traveling with him when hewas meeting with alumni clubs. They cameearly for receptions and remained to visitafter the program. They like people.We'll miss them but they will be happywith "home folk" in the South. And Presi­dent Colwell will always be a part of ourofficial alumni family: Ph.D. '30.We are analyzedThe American Alumni Council is thehard-working national organization of alum­ni executives through whose channels wecompare alumni services and gather newideas.Director for alumni magazines, in theA.A.C., is William Bentinck-Smith, editorof the bi-weekly Barnard Al'l!'mni Bu_lletin,cited in 1948 as the alumni magazme ofthe year.Director Bentinck-Smith recently pub­lished a critique of Big Ten magazines, in­cluding Chicago in his analysis. If we �redoing what he says, we. �re �pproach�ngour ambition. If your opmlOn IS otherwise,write us about it."My two [Big Ten] favorites," says Bill,"are Chicago and Ohio State. Yet they arepoles apart. One [Chicago] is leisurely andfrankly aimed at intellectual targ�ts; theother [Ohio] has pace, color, brevity, andsharp news sense ..."Few alumni magazines have published amore interesting issue than Chicago'S Janu­ary number. It sets a high. standard of goodwriting. Its appearance IS neat and pre­possessing. Its cover attracts the eye andthe feature titles invite opening the pages."From cover to cover the magazine con­tains good stuff, the sort of intellectual en­tertainment that adult alumni crave. 'HowFair is an IQ Test?' The reader wants toknow the answer and what can be doneabout it. 'Indo-China: Another Korea?'The reader finds it right up to date withcurrent happenings. 'Perry of Park Forest,'describes in a brief and lively way how asocially conscious graduate runs a housingdevel opmen t."The frontispiece to the issue is excel­lent and the other photographs appear tohave been carefully selected and croppedand thoughtfully laid out on the pages."On the debit side some eyes will notcare for the typographical solution to the article headings . . . The boxes introduc­ing the authors also appear overlong. Theseare, however, relatively minor matters inan issue which most of us would have givena good deal to have been able to publish."Hutchins' on recordingThe March issue of Tower Topics car­ried the full text of Hutchins' farewell ad­dress to the students. A tape recording wasmade of this speech and transferred to along playing record. It places you in theChapel for the speech and records applause,laughter, etc. The record was made by DanRubenstein, a fourth year student activein Radio Midway, who is putting himselfthrough school with his radio shop. Acopy of the non-breakable record will bemailed to you for $3.50-including postage.Send check and order to Sven H. Gum­merus, c/o Reynolds Club, University ofChicago.Farr from ChicagoNot financially dependent on the Uni­versity but closely connected with it, isCamp Farr, operated in the summer by theUniversity of Chicago Settlement for boysand girls from Chicago'S "Back of the yards."Last month the Settlement Board onceagain began their plans for this summerretreat in Chesterton, Indiana-plans result­ing from a long history of headaches,heartaches and backaches.The camp in essence began 42 years agowhen an attempt was made to get some ofthe Settlement's children away from thecity in the summer; some were sent to aprivate farm in Iowa and others were takento the Dunes.,A permanent camp site was establishedin 1925 when Shirley Farr, '04, generouslygave the money to purchase a ten acre siteat Donaldson, Indiana. Five years laterCamp Farr was moved to the 40 acre farmnear Chesterton. In the following yearsthe original farm buildings have been aug­mented by five cabins, a large recreationand dining hall, a sixty foot cabin, a craftshop and a large swimming pool.Four years ago a new program was putinto practice at Camp Farr. Instead of arigid routine, a flexible schedule, decidedin part by the kids themselves, was set up.The work of the camp was to emphasizethe individual, and trained psychologists­acquainted with the children's backgrounds-look for hidden keys to shy and malad­justed personalities.Currently, Camp Fan receives a limitedsum from the Community Fund but islargely financed by interested friends. THE BURDEN OF EGYPT, byJohn A. Wilson. The University ofChicago Press, 1951. 322 pp. XIX.$6.00.In the isolation of the Nile Valley, theEgyptian civilization emerged about 3100B. C., to endure for twenty centuries. Th�purpose which John Wilson, former di­rector of the Oriental Institute and nowprofessor of Egyptology, sets for himself inthis book is the analysis of the intangiblesof that civilization, its spirit, its social structure, its art, and its literature.John Wilson is a scholar; much of theevidence he- requires crumbled away th�u·sands of years ago in the moist and fertileDelta, and so he comes to his conclusionstentatively and cautiously. But he haswritten an engrossing and dramatic storyof a people who invented the 365-day cal·endar, who anticipated the Greeks and theHebrews by 2,000 years. in conceiving acreative and controlling force that orderedthe world, and who came tantalizingly closeto many of the concepts which the morerealistic and independent Greeks developedand passed on to western civilization.In their early historic period the Egyp'tians had a great burst of creativeness andflexibility that laid the foundation for theextraordinary span of their culture. Theyabandoned their attitude of experimenta­tion in a desire to realize a sense of per­manence and stability, rigidly crystalizingtheir forms and attitudes. It is one of theironies of their history that toward the endthe Pharoah who dared challenge the rul­ing religion and the ruling caste in thetemple, sparking a brief period of revolu­tionary art that produced the famous bustof Nefert-iti, let an empire fall apart andpushed the crumbling state toward its col­lapse. Part of the interest of such a storywhich Mr. Wilson tells so skilfully is theinevitable parallel the reader makes forhimself between human organization of theremote past and his own time. The absO­lute power of the pharoahs, who began asgods ruling on earth, was almost imperce]"tibly transferred into the hands of t�epriests and the army; the moral applIesfor modern absolutism. The Egyptians ha.dno television, but the reports of theirHandcrafts are only one of many diversions at the Settlement.�cribes, which Mr. Wilson weaves into a,'ate chapter, of the alliance between graft­Ing officials and the looters of the tombsQl,n match in cynical corruption anythingSen, Kefauver's investigation produced.I This book establishes a sense of theStruggle, creation and defeat in human en­;deavor that persists in any age.William Morgenstern, '20, JD '22Director of Public Relations.i»:Acrotheatre excellentI have been commissioned. by the Boardof Directors of the University of ChicagoSettlement to thank you for the wonderfulPUblicity given Acrotheatre and the Settle­lllent in the recent issue of the Magazine,, , We are greatly indebted to you for thisjPUblicity. We feel, however, that Aero­thheatre is such an excellent organizationt at is worthy of such praise even if it werenOt doing its work partly for sweet charity.Robert M. StrozierPresident, Board of Directors:Permission granted"Your articles, I would say, are on analumni level" which I consider, I hopenOt wrongly, to be something above the�ndergraduate level. Furthermore, in everyiSSue you have one or more articles which,say to myself would be fine for my maga­,hlne, Current Religious Thought . . . It aVe emboldened myself to ask permission,0 reprint that by Dr. Kermit Eby on "Life18 My Laboratory."Herbert D. Rugg. AM '17,o Editor Current Religious Thoughtberlin, OhiolIelp in building a libraryt My magazine is always hurried in fromhe mail and read with great interest. For11Th"s ile I have been back on campus forIU9lh.mer study it's been' quite a time since29 when I got my MiA., For the benefit of those Qof us who are out;n the field at work, would it be possible� have a "Book Nook" in each issue of theagazine? It would greatly help us ifOUtstanding men, on the various faculties,�ould recommend one or two fine books,In each issue, in a number of fields . . .along with a few lines of review about eachon�. I for one would appreciate expertgUIdance in building up my library. I am�)(tremely interested, for example, in keep­.�g up with the latest findings in the fields: science and research, and in psychologySpecially since I do a lot of counseling.thYoU could render us a �reat service inIS way.]I' Ivan R. Smith, AM '29plrst Congregational, Wash.dltor's note: For some time, we have beenConSidering launching such a service, toS1l�Plement our regular reviews of books:lvrlften by University faculty and alumniQ4thors. If enough alumni are interested,lve'll. be delighted to solicit expert faculty��Vice, on which books to read or buy ine Current listings.1\1AY, 1951 Volume 43 May, 1951 Number 8PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONManaging EditorHOWARD W. MORT Editor-in-chiefLAURA BERGQUIST Associate EditorANN C. COLLARContributing EditorsJeannette Lowrey Robert M. StrozierStaff Photographer-Steve LewellynIN THIS ISSUEMEMO PAD , Inside front coverBOOKS Inside front coverLETTERS : .: '. .. 1THE GREAT SEARCH ENDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2DIARY OF A DEMOCRATIC EXPEI,UMENT, Earl Johnson. . . . . . . . .. 5IMPRESSIONS OF AMERICA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9LETTER FROM HONG KONG, Norton S. Ginsburg 12THE DOUBLE -LIFE OF RICHARD HIMMEL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 17To HER CREDIT: 104,988 BABIES, Jeannette Lowrey , .. 20FUND RAISER-IN-QRIEF 22How TO STAVE OFF MORE INFLATION, Garfield Cox , 23CLASS NEWS ,.............................. 26COVER: On the day following his appointment as Chan­cellor, "Larry" Kimpton's vice-presidential office in theAdministration Building became a beseiged citadel. Doz­ens of congratulatory telegrams and letters piled up onhis desk, the phone rang madly, he himself was in greatdemand for meetings and appointments. Yet, in the midstof bedlam, he leisurely took time off to smoke a cigareHe,drink a cup of coffee brewed by his secretary, and poseagainst a backdrop of Midway towers for the Magazinephotographer. See his story, page 3.(Cover and photos on pages 2, 3,17,18,19 by Steve'Lewellyn.)Published monthly, October through JUne, by The University of Chicago Alumni Associa­tion .. 573� University Avenue, Chicago 37 .. Illinois .. Annual subscription price, $3.00. Singlecopies, 3D cents. Student price at University of Chicago Bookstore, 25 cents. Entered as sec­ond class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois under the act ofMarch 3, 1879. Advertising agent, The American' Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22'Washington Square, New York, N. Y.Overly social?I would like to voice my thanksgiving toyou for your very fine and informativepaper. I know of no commercial and prof­itable current publication which can matchit. But from the standpoint of curiosity,why is so much space given to the sociallife of the College?Mary E. Beckman, AM, '49Judson CollegeMarion, AlabamaBest across the desk of Phylon have read Robert MaynardHutchins' article on "The High Cost ofPrejudice." We would like to have per­mission to reprint this article in the Junenumber of Phylon.Mozell C. Hill, PhD 46, EditorPhylon MagazineA Quarterly Review of Race.and CultureA tlanta, Ga.The University of Chicago Magazine isamong the best that come across my desk.I have read it regularly and with a greatdeal of interest. I have especially enjoyedthe last two or three issues. The editors Oops! Alumnae!Tsk! Tsk! Green Hall is presumably awomen's residence hall yet you speak (page34, April issue) of "Six alumni from thefifth floor '4S."Mildred Estelle Carson, AM '37Monmouth, IllinoisTHE GREAT SEARCH ENDSAnd Lawrence Kimpton Becomes theNew Chancellor by Unanimous BallotTHE QUESTION which has in­. tensely interested the Universitycommunity, and to a lesser degree theoutside . world, since C han cello rHutchins' resignation was announcedDecember 19, found an answer April12, when the trustees elected 40-year­old Lawrence A. Kimpton as theUniversity's chief executive.'this comparative celerity in theprocess of finding a new chancellor­it took a year to find Mr. Hutchins in1929'::__'_was possible because the newchancellor was chosen from withinthe 'university. Chancellor Kimptonhas held, a Succession of important ad­administrative positions here since1943,; except for an interlude at Stan- ford University, his alma mater. Infact, ever since he took his Ph. D inphilosophy at Cornell in 1935, he hasbeen involved in such work.From the start of the great search,Larry Kimpton was one of the favor­ite candidates of the faculty, and hiselection therefore was received withcomplete approval. As chief adminis­trator. of the atomic bomb projecthere, then as dean of students, vice­president and dean of faculties, and,after his return from Stanford lastAugust, as vice-president in charge ofdevelopment, he is a known figure tomany elements in the university. Hehas handled all these roles with com­petence and diplomacy, leaving few enemies in his wake despite a firmnesand independence of judgment.The temptation to comparecontrast Mr. Kim p ton withHutchins has been irresistible.simple answer on that one is that tb:new chancellor is not Mr. Hutchi,and has no intention of trying to b:No two of the chief executives of tnuniversity, of whom Mr. Kimpton)the sixth, were alike; probably thtwo who had the most similarity in'broad way were Harper and Hutchin .Comparisons for Mr. Kimpton obviously will have to wait.Believes in the CollegeSince Mr. Kimpton has always bee�a supporter of the educational idea�which Mr. Hutchins established in tb.�.university and represented so brilliantly as an educational leader, no changof policy is in, prospect. The newichancellor believes in liberal educe"tfon and in the program of the Col·lege. He likes football, but he doeSnot delude himself about the returnof football as an intercollegiate sportat Chicago. He has supported andhelped to develop the integration ofthe university. There will be inevita­ble minor changes in approach andmethod as to general administrativepolicies, but Mr. Kimpton will pottake the University apart and cast itinto a new mold.One of the characteristics whicbled the new chancellor straight intOadministrative positions is his genuineliking for people. He is friendly, ap'proachable, and interested; he has aquick sense of humor and an easYmanner. He is not impressed withacademic technicalities, language; orwindow dressing. His approach is thitof hard common sense. Though he isfriendly and serenely good humored,he does not let his friendship interferewith- his judgements. The new chaO'cellor is a tough-minded individual,who makes his own decisions.Mr. Kimpton likes teaching, and inhis sixteen years in education haSstruggled to engage in it despite thesuccession' of management jobs thathe has held. Until his appointrnenl�s vice-president, development, Mr.Kimpton, who is also a professor ofphilosophy, taught courses wheneverhe was able."Probably neo-Kantian"In a press conference the morningfollowing his election, he was askedif he were a Thomist or an Aristotel-2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEian, a question inspired by the pre­Sumed philosophic predelictions ofMr. Hutchins. Mr. Kimpton an­swered that with the remark that heprobably was a neo-Kantian.When Laird Bell, chairman of theboard, announced Mr. Kimpton'selection by the trustees, he said also�hat Mr. Kimpton would become act­Ing chancellor immediately. The elec­tion came with such ra pidi ty that thelUomentum of his previous positioncarried him immediately to New Yorkfor a series of conferences with headsof industrial corporations about sup­PO�t of the new Institutes in nuclearscience and metals. He had spent theprevious two weeks on a similar mis­�ion to the West Coast. Any formalInauguration, which will be largelydependent on the state of the worldat the time, will be held after theOpening of the autumn quarter.The new chancellor was born Oc­tober 7, 1910, in Kansas City, Mis­souri, the son of Carl E. Kimpton,l)ow a retired attorney, and Lynntennedy Kimpton. His parents hadlUet as undergraduates at the U niver­sity of Kansas, from which institutionthe father also took his law degree.He entered Stanford in 1927, andhis academic record was of suchquality that he was elected to Phi Betatappa, national honorary scholasticfraternity, in his junior year. He wasbriefly candidate for the football team,being advised by "Pop" Warner, along-time friend of his mother's fam-MAY, 1951 ily, "to try something else." He didnot continue his track and basketballplaying in college, but was a memberof the debating team.The Road to PhilosophyAs a stu den t at Stanford, Mr.Kimpton had started out to' be a psy­chologist, specializing in intelligence.He one day asked the famous psy­chologist, Louis Madison Terman,originator of the Stanford-Binet test,his definition of intelligence. "It'swhat the Stanford-Binet Test tests,"said' Terman, an answer that ledKimpton to turn to philosophy.As a graduate student at Cornellhis friends were mostly members ofthe Telluride Association, an organiza­tion somewhat like that of a collegeof an English university, in whichstudents lived and studied with somemembers of the faculty. The founderwho endowed Telluride Associationwas L. L. Nunn, who had made a for­tune as a pioneer in organizing andmanaging electric power companies.He also had founded and endowedDeep Springs. School, and it wasthrough his relationship with theTelluride Association members thatKimpton went to that school in theautumn of 1935. Deep Springs is in the high Sierras of east-central Cali­fornia; the school is a small one thatthen had twenty some carefully selec­ted students and a faculty of almostequivalent numbers. Mr. Kimpton'sappointment was as a teacher ofEnglish, German, and philosophy.The next year he became its deananddirector, and started on the adminis­trative path that led to the top spotin the University.Being director at Deep Springscalled for a variety of talents; includ­ing those of managing the school'sranch of approximately 250 squaremiles, on which ranged some 1,000cattle. This operation involved sellingthe cattle and even tracking down anenterprising rustler through a. strenu­ous lot. of range riding and checkingof cattle shipments. \From Conant to ChicagoA casual vacation visit to the schoolfrom James Bryant Conant, presidentof Harvard University, in 1937 ini­tiated the chain of circumstanceswhich ultimately brought Mr. Kimp­ton to the University of Chicago.While at Deep Springs, Mr. Conantinterested himself in the school'schemistry courses, and found themand the instruction not the kind heLawrence A. Kimpton has the background, the characterand the intelligence that will make him a great educationalleader. I congratulate the University.-Robert M. Hutchins3"THE FACULTY -trusteecommittee appointed tonominate a chancellor unan­imously agreed upon Mr.Kimpton as its choice after anextensive study of all availablecandidates,"From the beginning therewas enthusiastic support for Mr.Kimpton by the faculty, alumni,administration, trustees, and bythose outside the university whoknew him."In his association with theuniversity he has acquired aImowledge of all its aspects, andhas demonstrated not only greatadministrative skill, but also ap­preciation of the high standardsof scholarship and the ideals wewish to preserve."We are pleased that we havefound in our own ranks a newchancellor who has the qualitieswhich we think will insure thecontinued distinction and prog­ress of the university."-Laird BellChairman,Board of Trusteesthought requisite for the specialty inwhich he was an authority.He therefore arranged, with Mr.Kimpton's support, for members ofthe faculty of California: Institute ofTechnology to visit the Deep SpringsSchool. They in turn sent a succes­sion of their graduate students toteach parts of the course in which theywere doing their advanced work.Many of these young chemists sub-'sequently joined the staff of the Man­hattan District's metallurgy project,which constructed the atomic bomb,In this great effort, administratorswere urgently required, and the CalTech graduates' knowledge of Mr.Kimpton led to their suggesting himfor such an appointment.Meanwhile, in the autumn of 1942,Mr. Kimpton had become dean of thecollege of liberal arts and professor ofmathematics and philosophy at theUniversity of Kansas City, a privately­supported institution which then hadan enrolment of approximately 2,000.Mr. Kimpton and the BombOn July 1, 1943, Mr. Kimptonjoined the Metallurgy Project at theUniversity of Chicago as associate4 chief administrative officer. Within ashort time, Wilbur C. Munnecke re­signed to become a vice-president ofthe University of Chicago. Mr .. Kimp­ton took his place as chief administra­tive officer, in charge of the sprawlingorganization which occupied numer­ous buildings on and near the Chicagocampus and at the new Argonne lab­oratory in Palos Park.On September 1, 1944, at the ageof 34, he was appointed dean of stu­dents and professor of philosophy atthe university, and continued for atime also to administer the atomicbomb project. Mr. Kimpton was theuniversity's faculty representative inthe Big Ten, and its representativewhen Chicago withdrew from that or­ganization in March, 1946.On July 1, 1946, Mr. Kimpton be­came vice-president and dean of facul­ties of the university, holding thatposition until he a c c e pte d the ap­pointment as dean of students at Stan­ford, September 1, 1947. At Stanfordhe also served as faculty representa­tive to the Pacific Coast Conference,and participated in that conference'sarrangement with the Big Ten for theRose Bowl football series.At the insistence of ChancellorHutchins, he agreed in 1950 to returnto the University of Chicago as vice­president in charge of development,assuming the position August l , Asdean at Stanford, he had won greatpopularity with the students. Theyinitiated a petition requesting he re­main and published a special editionof the Stanford Daily, which hadstopped publication for the year, pro­testing his resignation. The graduat­ing class elected him an honorarymember and presented him with a silver cigarette box with an engravedattestation of his election.In October, 1945, Mr. Kimptonmarried the former Marcia Drennon,of Kansas City. Her son by a formermarriage, now named William Dren­non Kimpton, was adopted by Mr.Kimpton. Sixteen years old this July,he is a student in the Midland School,Los Olivos, California.Like Mr. Hutchins, the new chan­cellor takes over at a time when thecondition of the outside world is mak­ing things difficult for universities.The draft, the low depression erabirthrate of eighteen years ago, infla­tion, are having serious impact on stu­dent' enrolment everywhere. Aboveall there is the imperative problem ofgetting the money to finance the uni­versity's activities, a problem that haSbeen growing more and more critical.Mr. Kimpton has demonstrated hisability to get money for the university,and he accepts as inevitable the factthat in these days one of the chieftasks of his position IS to raise money,as Mr. Hutchins has been doing for22 years. He has some administrativepositions to fill, for a university of thissize long since has ceased to be a one­man operation.But one problem he does not have.The University he takes over is fore­most among educational institutionSof the world; its teaching, scholarly,and research resources, and its facili­ties, except for the real need of a neWlibrary, have never been better. LarryKimpton starts as chancellor with asolid backing of good will, and hisrecord testifies that he will be able toretain and increase it in handling ajob that is as complex and strenuowas' any post in or out of education.THE COMMITTEE LOOKED FOR"Tact of a Barkley drumming upvotes,Appeal to the masses of Harry S.Truman,And FDR's penchant for quotablequotes,Skill of a Dewey in straddling allfences,Humble as Lincoln, who scorned allpretenses,Head full of figures like Robert A:Taft,Nose of Kefauver for smelling outgraft.Franklin and Washington, Adams andJay, Jefferson, Jackson, and Mr. JohnHay-Take from these patriots all that'Sdeductible,Add a digestion that's quite indestruv'tible,Mix well and season and point withgreat prideTo another great chancellor, a schoolsatisfied."From the annual Quadrangle ClubReoels, (( C hicagiensis, 1251," writtenJames L. Cate, Projessor, MedievalHistory, and performed in M arch, �51.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe visitors are entertained in 'a typical midwestern home, that of Professor Mills(standing) in Decatur, Illinois. From left to right, back row, you see Irene Misslbeck,Gertrude Lichtenfels, Heinz Binmoeller, Professor Earl Johnson, Mrs. Mills, WillyHalshland and Karl Froehlich. Seated on the floor, left to right, are Hans Schaefer,Christine Bloch and Ralph Ireland, the project's aide-de-camp.Diary of a DemocraticBy Earl Johnson, MA '32, PhD '41bROM LATE September, 1949,.r through early September, 1950,It Was my duty and pleasure to direct·a program of University studies for11 visiting young Germans. I wasabout to call them students, but that�Ouldn't conform to Army protocol.hey were "experts" and here's why.When the original U. S. Army ofOccupation closed its books, there wassome money left in the till. What todo with it-or part of it at least?Why not, reasoned someone, finance� year's residence and study in thenited States for some promisingCerman young people who were inthe lower or middle echelons of ad­�inistrative fields like education, la­. or, industry, press, radio, public serv­lces and the like-or in training forthese fields?I,z:,experts" not studentsThe decision was so made. Hereexits the Army and enters the Fed­tal Security Administration and theepartment of State. Later the Di­v' .lSlon of the Exchange of Persons' ofthe State Department took charge. I1\rAY, 1951 guess so anyway. The Washingtonmerry-go-round whirls too fast formy naive midwestern mind. Althoughthe Army money technically couldn'tbe spent for education, it could bespent for the "further training of ex­perts." Thus we came to have 11German "experts" rather than grad­uate students on campus.They were just one contingent ofsome 85 young people who in groups-about equal in size to ours-wereassigned to Duke, Harvard, BrynMawr, Syracuse and the Universityof Michigan. They were selectedfrom many hundreds of applicantswho lived in the American zone bydevices about which' I have littleknowledge.The members of our circle weresomewhat atypical, by contrast withExperimentthose at other universities whose "ex­perts" were drawn mostly from thesocial and political sciences. We hada doctor of medicine, who left herpractice at Adelsheim; a trade. unionexecutive who had studied at Frank­furt; a young lawyer whose trainingwas at University Slovenska. Thesethree had finished their formal educa­tion. Three more "experts" wereteachers-one a young man on leavefrom an elementary teaching post,who had been studying at the FreeUniversity in West Berlin; the othertwo who were young women had lefthigh school teaching posts at Karls­ruhe and. Regensburg, respectively.Still another young woman, who hadstudied at Munich and Prague, hadearlier held a teaching position. Oneyoung man was mid-stream in lawHow 11 young German "experts" spent a year learningabout democracy, U.S. style, by attending classes on theMidway and traveling thousands of miles in America5They lived at International HouseOff on a hus tour of ChicagoOhserving, taking pictures 'Leaving Lincoln's old residence,SpringfieldG and economics at W urzburg, anotherhad just embarked on studies in eco­nomics at Frankfurt, a young ladyhad been studying with the philosoph­ical faculty at Erlangen.Pediatrics through theologyThus, in education and experience,they ranged from pediatrics throughtheology with labor relations, law andpublic service, education, politicalphilosophy, economics and sociologyin between. Six men and five women,ages 21 to 34. All told, there were ac­tually 12, but never more than 11 atanyone time. One of the youngwomen, an elementary teacher inWestern Berlin, was found to be tu­bercular and had scarcely completedher fall quarter's work, when she washospitalized. (She returned to Ger­many in the spring with a clean billof health). Her illness reduced thesize of the group to ten, but it rose to11 again when a young man, whosefield was law and public service,joined us by transfer from Duke Uni­versity.. Whether we count 11 or 12, all buttwo had seen military or "civilian"service under Hitler. Of the youngmen, four had seen army or navalservice, and two were seasoned veter­ans of the German army. One, as res­ervist and regular, had worn the Ger­man military uniform for ten years.All, except the young lawyer whowas born in Czechoslovakia, were na­tive-born Germans.What does it means to call themGermans? What does it means to saywe are Americans? E pluribus unumapplies to both. However, amongthem, as among us, I was more im­pressed with the pluribus than theunum.Responsibility for their education,care and feeding rested with the officeof Ralph W. Tyler, Dean of the Divi­sion of the Social Sciences. He inturn asked the Committee on theDivisional Master's degree to pick itup. Its chairman, myself, thus be­came project director. My work wasaided and greatly lightened by mem­bers of the Committee, plus RalphIreland (now at Fisk University) myaide-de-campe and trouble shooter,Christine McGuire of the Collegestaff', who acted as adviser to thewomen and turned her home into apre-Christmas bake shop for a glori­ous Christmas party we had there,and Mrs. Doris Shafer, my secretary, who filled out innumerable forms ,1' �'ILquadruplicate for the Comptroll'f IOffice and the Department of State: �Blueprint for the year I,Academically, we wrote our OW�I'ticket, as did other institutions, aJ'l 1by putting our heads together catrleup with this general guiding philos@' .phy: ,1. The purpose of their year's resd rdencc in the U. S. was to be two-tol/II-to advance in their chosen fields 0(knowledge and to come to know de' Imocracy as we practice it, good 011bed, effective and ineffective. I2. Experience in both these are� 1was conceived as contributing to thelf"more informed and devoted particiPP' ,tion in the reconstruction of GerrnOlflife.3. We conceived the campus of thlUniversity of Chicago as the center 01their experience. Here they were tostudy, from here to travel into thl \field, to observe the democrati� eX',periment at work. To the Mzdt1JOlh ,rthey were to return, to reflect on tedexperience, and to try to underswt"what its implications were for =:racy in general and for ours, a1l.theirs, in particular. Their year's res�dence was thus to strike as even a ba: Iarice as possible between the academICand empirical. h4. Their studies should be botf'general and specific-the "gene�a,through examining the ideas, insttWtions and values of the American de�,ocratic system (the nub of the SOC!).Science 1 Course in the College,plus a series of informal evening lec;ture - discussions bearing someWhamore on contemporary aspects of th:'-American experiment. The "specifiC Iwould be dictated by their individttOinterests and needs.5. Field experience was also coWceived in general and specific term.s.The first would be satisfied by cert�!�off-campus observations en familze,the latter as individuals on their 01))#or in small groups.6. To develop such a program 1))�would invite or coerce any colleagtt;dwhose talents and knowledge wotthelp us serve these ends.Governmen t funds provided foftuition, administration, maintenaf1C�books and study materials and tra.V�;Since space in homes or with faml��gwas not to be found, the hoU51shortage being what it is, the Ger'mans lived at International Bouse,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZI!',r£�his plan was to be temporary butI e the "duration", which lastedlilger than the war, became perma­':ut. Most members of our group;Ished they could have had more!rsthand experience with Americanrlllil: life...t,helr academic bfeI Since the Germans were "experts",�t students, their achievements­rough grades-were not officially�Corded. But this did not deter themIr.orn the most sober, concentratedand conscientious work. However�ltch the Univ�rsity of Chicago m�yIlave thumbed Its nose at academic�adition, the freedom of its campuswas still less than these young people,'ilere accustomed to in German uni­�ersities. They were' used to attend­�g lectures and preparing for final:�arns, without benefit of .term papers,iIlterim exams or much, if any, givingof rnarks.I A.t our first meeting, to discuss pro-1�l'a�s for the fall quarter, I had theeVIl's own time trying to convincejhern that three courses was a normalOQad at the University, and that nonelIt geniuses and/or dilettantes under-�QOk to carry five or more. And so,lIe to continental courtesy and capi­�lation to my persistent manner, they�ettled for three or four each.Understandably, I think, they didn'tt�ke too well to finding themselves intIle same classroom with first year�tll.dents in the College, in Social Sci­ence I, and so through the good officesaf Jay Williams, Robert Keohane andernard Drell, a special course sectionwas organized for them from which°lIr young freshmen were excluded.�)(cept for the young lady studyingilledicine, their courses fell prettyill�ch in the departments and· com­�.ttees of the Division of the Socialt,Clences, and the faculties in theology.n other respects they were just plainItudents on the Midway.Informal lecture-discussions, usuallyleld in International House; rangedIVer topics like the American partyistem and why it 'operates as it does,, e U. S. judiciary' with special refer­��ce to the nature and place of judi­�,Ial review, the place of administra­ilOn and bureaucracy in the American�olitical system, civil liberties viewedrorn the personal-cultural and legal�tl.fd("s. the histori�a.l. bac�ground. of{Ie North-South dIVISIon III Amenca,iiscrimination and the minority prob-�A.Y, 1951 lem, the American concept and prac­tice of free speech and free press, theproblem of ethics and power in a de­mocracy and some aspects of the needfor reform in German education.The la tter was undertaken byAlonzo G. Grace, former Chairmanof Education, who had spent sometime in Germany as Commissioner ofEducation in the U. S. zone, and who,the group felt, had unusually keen in­sight into and sympathy with theirproblems. We were also substantiallyhelped by Herbert Wiltsie (Councilon State Governments) Walter John:"son (Chairman, History) , RobertHorn ( Political Science) , MortonGrodzins (Chairman, Social Science 2,College), Joseph Lohman (Sociol­ogy), Robert Ming (Law), AveryCraven, (American History), CliftonUtley, Louis Wirth (Sociology),Avery Leiserson ( Poli tical Science)and Kermit Eby (Social Sciences).No rubberneck toursTheir first venture into the fieldwas a four-hour bus trip through theci ty of Chicago-through parks, GoldCoast, Maxwell Street, Little Sicily,Germania, Polonia, the great manu­facturing districts, the Stock Yards­the works. It was no rubber-necktour. We briefed them the eveningbefore with all the slides we couldbeg or steal from the Department ofSociology. We showed them ecolog­ical maps of density and mobility, in­come and dependency, ethnic and ra­cial makeup, illiteracy and illegiti­macy, renters and owners-and every­thing else that would throw light onthe delight and despair of America,its great cities.Between winter and fall quarterswe made out first trip, en familie, outof the city. (During the fall quarterand the Christmas recess they wentoff on their own to places like KansasCity, Cincinnati, Minneapolis, To­ronto, New York City, Columbus, andvarious suburbs. Each trip related. toa sober concern with what makesAmericans tick as we do.) We pickedDecatur, as a fairly typical small city-industrial, yet closely related to theagriculture of the Illinois prairies.With pertinent advice lent by ClydeHart and Herman Pritchett (Chair­man, Political Science) , who wereone-time Decatur hometowners, andMiss Wilma Lux, graduate student inHuman Development, we thoroughly"cased" Decatur. They studied its la­bor organization, labor-management relations, industry, press and radio, re­ligious life and institutions, educationboth public and parochial, medicineand public health, racial and culturalrelations, law and civil administrationand as much family life as we couldget access to-which was considerable.Much credit for making the ex­perience both pleasant and profitablefor our "experts" must go to ProfessorAlbert T. Mills, emeritus professorof political science at Millikin U ni­versity and George T_,. Jacobsen, socialstudies teacher in the Decatur HighSchool (MA '48).We also wanted our German VISI­tors to see what they called "a pro­vincial capital." (We didn't askSpringfield if it liked that designa­tion). Our day there centered aboutthe life and legend of Abraham Lin­coln. After touring the state houseand the public rooms of the govern­or's mansion (thanks to Carol Evansof the governor's secretarial staff andformerly secretary to Louis Wirth),we visited the Lincoln home and con­cluded our day with a visit to thetomb where lie' the remains of "TheCaptain with the mighty heart." Be­forehand, we had multigraphed ashort paper on Lincoln: excerpts fromhis autobiography, his farewell speechto the people of Springfield, parts ofthe Gettysburg address and his secondinaugural, as well as poems by WaltWhitman, Vachel Lindsay and EdwinMarkham. The Germans told methat to their generation, Lincoln isthe greatest of all American-demo­cratic symbols.We wound up this downstate tourwith a day at the University of Illinois.Despite Mr. Hutchins' view that "TheUniversity of Chicago isn't a verygood university; it is only the best"we also wanted our guests to see whatthey could of a great state university.Thanks to the imagination and hardwork of George Denemark, Instructorin the School of Education (MA,Chicago '47), they did nothing from8: 30 A.M. to 10 P.M. but view, in­terview, be interviewed, take pictures,be photographed, and broadcast. Bycourtesy of the University administra­tion they had lunch with faculty mem­bers, especially selected in view of theGermans' scholarly interests.Impatient to "see America",After a strenuous spring quarter,made so by virtue of the sense thatthis wound up their formal studiesand also by their growing impatience7to "see America," field study beganwith a trip, again en [emilie, belowthe Mason-Dixon line.With Mrs. Johnson, I went aheadto plan and layout a 12-day itinerary.I also multigraphed a brief paper inwhich I undertook to supplementAvery Craven's lecture on the slave­freeman and North-South issue inour life. With Ralph Ireland as gen­eral manager, the Germans went bybus to Knoxville, Chattanooga, At­Ian ta, and Nashville. They studiedthe TVA for four days, thanks to ex­cellent instruction by the staff of theAuthority, crossed the Great Smokiesand saw "real, live" Cherokee Indians.At Atlanta, a two-day program hadbeen worked out, thanks to the helpof Dr. George Mitchell of the South­ern Region Council (I had met himyears before when he and HoraceCayton were writing their book onthe Negro and the labor movement)and Professors Mozeli Hill and HylanLewis at Atlanta University-bothproducts of our Department of Sociol­ogy. They attended bi-racial laborunion meetings, learned about the ac­tivities of the Textile Workers Union( C I 0), visi ted classes and talked withstudents at Atlanta University, atehamburgers, held a bull session atMitchell's and were shown every an­gle of human relations in the Souththat George Mitchell could think of­which left out mighty little.Then on to Nashville, "the Athensof America" where they looked, andtalked and listened wherever their in­terests and curiosity dictated: Van­derbilt University, Fisk University,Peabody College for Teachers, statecapital activities, etc. From Nashvilleour "experts" scattered for extendedsummer field studies. These had beencarefully planned over a period oftwo or three months. Our theory wasthat they should get a sense of thebigness of the United States, its sec­tional and regional differences, andeverything that makes us both inter­esting and a problem to ourselves: Aquick run-down of what was includedin their summer field experiencesgives us something like the following:child health and training meetingsand seminars, teacher education instate colleges both North and South,and summer conventions of local, re­gional and national educational or­ganizations, trade union activities inthe chief industrial centers-Chicagoand points east-as well as the prob- lems of the agricultural worker (inKansas and Missouri particularly),the metropolitan press (this involveda brief "internship" with such papersas the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, theDes Moines Register, the San Fran­cisco C all, the Houston N etas, theDenver Post, the Atlanta Constitutionand the Washington Post).All these events required thou­sands of miles of travel by rail­coach accommodations. (I t mighthave been better for them to havegone by bus, thus getting closer to thepeople.) All but one went to the Pa­cific coast, all. but two saw the Rock­ies, the desert, the Grand Canyon,Hoover Dam and the "Deep South."(Nobody was much excited aboutHollywood which we think speakswell for their sense of the significant.)They also saw a good bit of the"Deep North," including the Lakestates and some of New England. Inshort, they saw more of the Americanlandscape than do a great many na­tive-born students.Travel most convincingTravel was the most impressivepart of their year's stay. They wereproperly indoctrinated, without thedoctrines. The endless miles of prairie,the mountains, the sea, the bigness ofA,merica-these did the trick. Theyoung man teacher from Berlin oncetold me, as we strolled about the Uni­versity of Iowa campus, that if theycould see something "Germany doesn'thave", it would "be great." (Forafter all, Germany is a nation highlyindustrialized, with great cities andan old ci viliza tion.) What theynoted about America were the differ­ences-the great variation in land­scape, in regions, in national charac­ter, from Texas through New Eng­land. Understandably, they were reti­cent and shy about expressing all theirreactions and �e did not probe forthem. I learned their attitudes mostlyby implication and inference. In theirown private Bull S e s s ion s, theythrashed out the meaning of whatthey had learned and seen.For the most part we subscribed tothe view that "by" indirection theywould find direction." We did notseek to de-Germanize them, whateverthat might have entailed. Nor didwe seek to Americanize them, what­ever that might have entailed. Wesubscribed to the view that humanismis the pressing need of our time, athome and abroad, and that it is a big- ger and better idea than eithetDeutschtum or Americanism.Through their experience wiiJIHerbert Thelen and his staff in Bitman Dynamics, we did make mo:tithan a run-of-the-mill gesture at ere'ating the conditions in which th�1might become aware of what we cal"the group process"-the free-wheeting kind of atmosphere which allowspeople to give expression to their nOf'mal drives, urges, and emotions. Ina half dozen laboratory discussion-se�'sions, we learned, and they learned,that they were mostly German whentheir biases and assumptions wer£challenged or threatened. Just as Vitare mostly A merican under similarpressure. This is not to excuse theIll'It is only to say that, conditioned. a;they were by the regime under WhlCthey had come to maturity, they wereeclsomewhat more disposed to respauthority, than to challenge it..Will Germany be more democratl�because they spent a year in the "latlof the free and the home of thebrave"? Will American-German rela'. tions be better because of it? -wehope so. But we more than hope sO,I c·We believe ": Thes.e 11 pe�� e, °ofcupying relatlVe!y mIn?r positions dlinfluence can, In their several atluniquely individual ways, help tedoC'leaven the loaf of day-to-day erna�racy in their home land. Beyond th,we do not venture. We believe, III'short, that our endeavor to treat th�rf1as human beings eligible for the dl�'nity on which the democratic ethJcinsists, will payoff,MA '32,Professor Earl [ohnson, fPhD �41 � reports that in his ye.a; °t., . h h G roIlof,.association unt t e erman tnsi&he learned fully as much from they did from him. "Through e�tchange of ideas, 1 found out abotJ)personal ethnocentrisms 1 never kne51 liad;" he says. ((1 think most of �ewho worked on the project were ab,A . z1lto see ourselves, as mencans.,sharper [ocus," Preuiously, in helptn�the University of Puerto Rico reor gandire its social sciences program, he haefound. contact with another cultrtmost stimulating, Son of a Metho �sminister, midioestern, and energettC,. aWProfessor Johnson at 'One time mr'aged simultaneously to serve as supe sintendent of schools, in a small Kans�ltoum, coach for the track and footb�teams, director 'Of the village chotdteacher of five classes in history a,n 11ciuics, substitute preacher on occastOin the Methodist church.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEI � sampling of opinions, written after the Germans)cOtnpleted a year's residence in the U.S.Marriage, children, moviesI' There exists in essence no differ­lence between the United States andI�ermany. Both countri�s belonged toWestern civilization and in both coun­tries the main criteria of Westerncivilization-that is freedom underilaw and the dignity of the individual! '--Were realized.In Germany, however, the valuesGf Western civilization were partlyclestroyed with the Hegelian concept�f the state, which concept later wasIdentified with the German peopleand the Nazi party. Whether this kindof political thinking was caused by'lack of national unity and lack ofsPace or is due to the "German men­.t�lity;' is not quite clear to me. I be­heve that it can be looked upon as·an universal phenomenon of the 20thcentury that the individual and soci­eties bow to the authority and powerof the state. ... . A very striking phenomenonfar me was the kindness, friendliness,the humorous sense and the easy goingWay of living of the American peopleand how frank and patiently they dis­cuss political arguments. In my mindthese phenomenon are partly basic,but rather formal. In the formalsense it is due to this big and richCOun�ry which gives .everybo?y. aChance to live and to Its flourishing�AY 1951, capitalistic economy. The Americanpeople don't know fear and insecur­ity as we know it in Germany.In the field of education I was veryimpressed with how children arebrought up as free individuals andhow parents are concerned with ahappy childhood for them. HoweverAmerican children are often spoilt bytwo much emphasis on the prag­matical side of education and by toomany movies.In the field of American life I seea great aesthetic, moral and dem?­cratic value in the equal partnershipand equal participation of the wife.However American families are toomuch based on sex and in pursuit ofrna terial wealth .America is going through a seriousmoral, political and social crises, ,:i�hwhich the survival of Western CIvIl.:.ization is connected. American films,music and literature prove that moralcrises. There is never ending murderon the screen, pathological scenes ofevery kind-e-broken lines, dismem­bered bodies conclude to schizo­phrenic hallucin;ations. Contempo­rary American composers write acacaphonous music aimed at the nerv­ous system.In the political crises, Americancosmopolitanism gives a nihilistic at­titude toward the great American his- tory, as well as against other nations.American massproduction and mate­rialism reflects on the mind of its peo­ple, makes them stereotyped, unreal­istic and unrationalistic in thinking.If Western civilization is to survive,America must go back to its originalpolitical philosophy, which means re­habilitating the values of freedom,equality and brotherhood and a ra­tionalistic way of thinking. Further­more the monstrous power of monop­olistic capitalism and American ma­terialism must be overcome in favorof a welfare society based on originalAmerican thinking.Willingness to experiment• Let me pick a few details whichimpressed me. very much [aboutAmerican democracy at work J.The hospitality with which Amer­icans open their families to strangers.The politeness that often finds ex­pression in poor and trivial flatteriesbut springs from an appreciative at­titude toward other persons.The friendly relations between pro­fessors and students, businessmen andcustomers, authorities and the public.The readiness for accepting sug­gestions, the willingness to experimentin technical things, in changing jobs,in teaching methods etc.The sincere efforts for improvementwithout looking for final solutions,which results in a combination ofsuperficiality with progressive andpromising flexibility.The never tiring fondness of dis­cussing and forming committees.. One of my main interests restedwith the teaching of social studies,and I am more than ever convincedof the necessity of teaching them morethan we do in Germany now ... Irealize that Germany as a whole andGerman educators in particular haveto find their own way, but only byexchanging ideas and by realizing theinterdependence of all cultures andall branches of life.No suspicion of the stranger• My first impressions of America,arriving from a country still bleedingfrom a thousand wounds, beaten bytwo world wars was: America is theparadise-undestroyed cities floo?edby light, plenty of food and clothmg,comfortable. trains, friendly people.Soon I had a chance to look behindthe facades of the lighted cities intothe backyards, and I saw that beside9the Gold Coast there are the slums,that there is a housing problem, racediscrimination, the question of social­ism, a word pronounced here witha slight shudder, a hidden curse or apious raising of the eyebrows.... I learned quickly that Americawas neither New York nor Chicago,neither the skyscrapers nor the slumdistricts, neither the Sunday schoolsnor the divorce rates. All the con­trasts in the world that one can im­agine make the USA. A country thesize of America cannot be uniform:that would demand a good deal ofstupidity on the people's side and aconcentration of dictatorial power ina few hands. The variety of opinions,beliefs, customs and manners seemsto me to be one of the best proofs ofthe vitality of this country, its hiddenresources and its visible working offreedom.When my first surprises had calmeddown, I gave up considering the USAas a problem child and concentratedmy efforts on a sober study of theeducational system. Both of our coun­tries can learn from one another-at66�cen trali�ed administra tion withauthoritarian methods and with a tooheavy load of subject matter oppress­ing the young people and hamperingtheir development is as far from be­ing perfect as a system in which chil­dren get too little subject matter and. intellectual training.Americans appeared to me friendly,honest, goodnaturcd and excellenthosts. There is no suspicion againstthe stranger, no pride and feeling ofsuperiority. At the University we wereguided a lot and that was new. (Ourschool system demands of a 20-yearold person that he decide by himself.). . . We were reproached sometimesfor being too individualistic. MaybeAmericans are sometimes too littleindividualistic. The tendency toward"type" (which one finds in the collegegirl in blue jeans, for example), seemsto me a danger for the ingenuity ofa society ... How difficult it was forour group to be a community, our ad­visor realized after being with us fora while. We were 11 individuals, dif­ferent as can be-in age, profession,conception of life, character. .We can learn a lot from Americans,who do not form a new party if theirpolitical opinion differs a little bitfrom that of their neighbor. Theymake compromises, the only way inwhich group life is possible .... An-10 otherthing about the American sceneimpressed me very much, that is thepractical approach to everything.Americans generally are no deepphilosophers and they thus escape thedanger of getting lost in abstractspeculations that lead away from real­life situations. The women are muchmore interested in the public lifethan women in Germany, and feel aresponsibility toward their country.'I have outgrown the happy blindjuvenile age when one thinks one can. change the whole world alone in a fewyears. t know that democratizingGermany will take generations. Fordemocracy is-and here I agree withthe American philosophers-not aform of government but a way of liv­ing. My experience will change myway of thinking, making it less na­tionalistic and more cosmopolitan.The American conscience• When I came to America I camewith a pretty fixed set of beliefs-Ibelieved fervently in the equality ofmen. The national-socialistic teaching. that some groups of people were bet­ter than others had always disgustedme. I was delighted to' study in theU.S. not only because the practicalaspect of the field of sociology ismuch further developed than in Ger­many, but because I had alwaysthought about the U.S. as the bestsample of how many groups of peo­ple can get along together well inspite of their differences.I t is clear I couldn't find every­thing I expected. I saw that democ­racy can be misused and distortedeven here, and that "party politics"and "business" are placed, at times,above the real interests of the people.My original ideas nonetheless havenot changed and the main reason isthat the system of democracy givesthe framework of possibility for allimprovements. I observed how manypeople in this country are sincerelyworking to improve conditions­toward real equality, against discrim­ination and toward better humanrelations in general. Whenever some­thing is wrong in America and con­trary to the "American ideal" thereare many people who act as thenation's conscience, determined to dosomething about it. An example thatstrikes me most is the comparison be­tween anti-semitism in Germany andin the U.S. In Nazi Germany anti- semmsm did not at all conflict withthe professed ideals of the nation, oilthe contrary it fitted perfectly into thevalue-system of that doctrine. In theU.S., however, anti-semitism is son'}€'thing that, though it exists, constantlystirs the conscience of the nation "people feel uneasy about it because iltis directly opposed to their professedbeliefs.. . . Though I am opposed t@,group-judgments, I have some doubtSwhether the German people as awhole possess that quality and gener­ation-long experience which is neceS­sary for a democracy to exist.I am not yet cosmopolitan:• Those within the group who areused to thinking are aware of the factthat "we have changed." I do notmean the change from German neck­ties to American fancy patterns, but"inner changes." I remember thehours when a few of us sat togethertalking and talking, and tried todefine the change and its extent­sometimes the group would laconic­ally note "lost for Germany", "toOh "".. d A . "many c anges, mutate mencan,etc. I myself have not yet reached thepoint where I can look upon myselfwith the eyes of a cosmopolitan ora world federalist.. . . Our eyes were wide open, oufears ready to listen, everything wasprocessed critically because we havehad the sad experience of followingin a track. . . .' On an inspectioIltrip or being with some America"family or even only going downtow!1,we "learned" more than in lecturesas "mere students." Five weeks inthe Ford plant did more for me tha!1a big volume about industrial rela­tions. I consider most important hu­man contacts beyond the campus,serious discussions of all kind of prob­lems, not under conditions consider­ing us "lost children" who have to beled back along the road of "demoC­racy."The most treasure I take home isto have found real friends. It will betheir words, their actions that giveme a start in my future work. I ar!1determined to do my part as a teacherin the best sense of the word, not onlyto help Germany but to increase thatbridge of understanding between tWOclosely-related and yet very differentnations. I have learned not to gen­eralize, to change from negative toTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE�sitive criticism, to see things not�ly with German eyes, but from an�linerican point of view. At Interna­fi0nal House we found the bestjehance to meet people from all overthe world, to exchange ideas, discussIIProblems, yet after one quarter [inany future program] there should be�ll opportunity to live with an Amer­I�an family on the social level of theneighborhood.The pioneer spiritI�i After the war the curtain of isola-Ihon which surrounded Germany for12 years was raised a little. BooksfForn other countries poured in andPublications and radio-broadcasts be­gan informing us about the develop­ltlent which had taken place outsidethe country ... The strong resentmentagainst us made many Germans:ealize there had been much wrongIII Our human relations with otherPeople.Suspicion among common peopleagainst the spoken word still pre­vailed; we asked "Is this another formof propaganda?" People today still�refer to listen to a speaker or see altloving picture. They want to judge byP:rsonal acquaintance, or believe that�Ictures must be more realistic. (WildWest movies and detective magazines�or the youngsters were not the bestlllterpretation of American life. Per­sonal relations with occupying per­sOnnel were better. When Negrosoldiers showed signs of affection foroUr youngsters, American officialstreated civilians courteously, or anAmerican commanding officer said asYmpathetic word about the incom­lllodities of the Berlin populationduring the blockade, mutual respect\vas born).The first lesson we learned in theU.S. was that we did not meet anybasic resentment or prejudice against�s individually or as a group. Amer­ICan students and professors, as wellas foreign students at Internationalfiouse, received us cordially; we verymUch enjoyed the freedom of move­ment and of forming our own opinion.Best proof of the values of democ­racy were the frank and honest dis­�Ussion of its institutions and the�riticism and self criticis� many pub­lIC leaders offered us. This was most�onvincing for the soundness andStability of the American system,\vhich need not hide anything. We�AY, 1951 were pleased by these signs of trustand confidence in . our intelligenceand rna turi ty.Americans are warmhearted, gen­erous arid of a natural nice informal­ity which I would like to plant in outmore stiff-mannered class society ...Watching the eagerness and brillianceof colored students in their academicwork made the Nazi doctrine of thesuperiority of certain races absurd.In traveling through the country Iobserved the g rea � contributionsAmerican genius has given to progres�in science and technique and to thecultural development of the WesternWorld . . . especially the impressiveskill and activity for pushing forwardresearch and improvements in thefield of education. In Europe, wedo not know many things I have seenand admired here. Europeans aretoo sure they are still playing theleading role in spiritual leadership,whereas, easy to observe, the pioneerspiri t is more active and vigoroushere ...As for the American political scene,I was especially interested in the effectof professional groups and non-politi­cal citizen's organizations in criticizingand checking the actions of local andnational government.Why the big American hurry?• When I first heard that this wasa scholarship not for continuation ofmy work in theology, but one whichwould acquaint me with the "socialsciences" I could not imagine whatuse this could have for my training.To me, social science was a completelyunknown field. I soon discovered thatthe way they taught history at theU of C was different from the oneI was familiar with in high school.There, we had learned more orless just facts; here they tried tounderstand the "how" and "why" ofthose facts. I saw a new field openbefore me, understanding not onlyhistory from another angle, buttheology, life in general.. man.o I cite the implications for my workin Theology: in my home country,the church is determined by a verystrong pietistic tradition, and the con­ception of the ministry is still to alarge extent the same as in the 19thcentury. The work of the minister inhis parish is strictly measured by thetraditional interpretation of the Bible,and is restricted to the mere religious part of life in his community. He hasno concern with State laws, politicalquestions, economic problems.. . . In America I could concernmyself with these "ministerially out­lawed" subjects, and came to realizethat we Europeans, as well as allother nations, are living in a highlypolitical world. I do not think it pos-.sible we can flee from this reality intoa mere religious life, as might havebeen proper in former centuries. Whydid Christ give us his great Sermonon the Mount if not for the purposeof applying it to our life?Compared with the local churchlife here, the life of a parish at homeis a relatively "poor" one. Going tochurch on Sunday, paying the churchtax. is often considered as beingenough for laymen "belonging tochurch." The minister does not haveany real help in his parish work, andit is extremely difficult in many placesto get young people to volunteer forlittle duties in Sunday School, youthgroups, etc. In this country, I visiteda congregation numbering 850 souls,but during the week there were 104people helping the minister organizeand carryon the different programs!... I have learned that our GermanChristian Church needs more con­centration on practical work as far associal problems and their solutionsare concerned.But I also found as soon as the con­nection of these efforts with the Gos­pel gets lost more and more ( as Ifound in many Sermons and "BibleClasses") the adjective "Christian"becomes questionable. . . I do notmean to devaluate the role of Germantraditions and heritages. Thanks tothe pietistic tradition, for example,not only do our churches have a verygood biblical foundation, but thewhole life of the greater part of theGerman people is affected. I evenwould dare say this religious founda­tion is a deeper and perhaps strongerone than I found in this country. Orfor other values: If here I asked anaverage American what he is strivingand working for in his life he wouldgive me in most cases evidence of apretty strong materialistic thinking.Certainly I. enjoyed the wonderfulopportunity of having had such agood and rich life here after all the11hardships of the years past. But thisalone would never give me the feel­ing of being "at home." It is themusic, art, literature, old customs,which are the expression of deep feltunison with a country.. . . Why do foreigners find peoplein this country always in such a"hurry?" I cannot believe it is becauseof business. I rather have the feel­ing that people are trying to escapea certain "boredom", that they do nothave full satisfaction with "what theyhave" and feel they need somethingmore than just materialistic and prac­tical facilities for everyday life. Per­haps they are searching for their own"soul"? Why do many Americans whocan afford it spend a vacation in Ger­many rather than in the V�S.? Idon't think Americans come to mycountry just because they find prettyscenery and lovely landscapes. Per­haps it is connected with the fact thatthe whole "atmosphere" there givespeople that kind of "still peace'; and"inner satisfaction" which to usGermans are of greatest value.... As for future suggestions forthe programs (I remember that thisprogram was the first of its kind andmy deepest gratitude goes to thosewho helped me make such wonderfuluse of the year) : I would suggest thatpeople should be selected in profes­sional work connected with the pub­lic. After their return they can makefull use of what they learn, and applythose things to our German scenewhere they are most proper and use­ful. . . Some provisions also should bemade in advance that these peopleafter their return can be sure to getback to their former place of work.... The government in Germanyshould be better informed and mademore familiar with the nature of theseprograms-after all these students areconsidered in the foreign country asrepresentatives of Germany, are askedquestions, and have the responsibilityof giving a true picture.I consider this opportunity one ofthe greatest fortunes of my wholelife. Weare not' going back to "reor­ganize" life in our country and breakwith traditions. But if we go back andsee new tasks both in our own workand in our role as citizens, enrichingour own life and those of our fellownationals, then this stay in the U.S.was a fruitful one and the programa great success.12 Letter From Hong KongBy Norton S. Ginsburg, '41, AM '47, PhD '49IT SEEMS almost unbelievable herethat Hong Kong stands on themargins of an abyss, compounded ofelements of the political, economicand social problems that characterizethe Orient today.Tonight in the city the neon signsglow with unabated tinsel grandeurand the magnificent harbor betweenthe island of Hong Kong and themainland of Kowloon gleams withthe lights of scores of ships, eachfloating island strung with necklacesof silver pearl and opal. This is oneof the more beautiful cities of theworld, the present crossroads of Asiaand the major point of contact withthe mainland of China, yet it liveson borrowed time, and in the overtcalmness that characterizes the me­tropolis are hidden the many worldsof Hong Kong that contain the seedsof its destruction.Almost six m 0 nth s have passedsince I left Chicago for the Far Eastas a Fulbright scholar-project: Tostudy the economic geography of HongKong and Singapore and to analyzethe changes and trends which havebeen manifested since the war. Firststage on the journey was the Atlanticcrossing on the Queen Mary, a shortand pleasant trip ending finally in London where I established a ba�e'at the Bernard Zagorin's, '42, AM '48,now an' economist with ECA in LoJ1'don. During the ensuing three weeksthere followed interviews in the For'eign and Colonial Offices in atIllOS'pheres that were strangely reminisceo1of Washington, except for the generaabsence of heating and inadequateI i g h tin g that characterizes alIllostevery British office I visited.I managed also to _ pay a flyingvisit to my 76 year-old dentist unclein Manchester who is enjoying pros''perity without precedent due tothe national health laws of Britaio,out who stoutly maintains that thecoun try is being ruined by those theo'rists and professors, "begging yoUrpardon, lad."England impressiveE I d . .. . ofng an was impressive III spItethe lack of adequate heating, themiserably-prepared food which at thetime of departure was becoming iO'creasingly abundant, and the number'less minor inconveniences of a pettynature that could make life miserablefor the h 0 use w i f e. Nevertheless,morale seemed high, almost as higPas production of all commodities butTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEc?al, and the amount of reconstruc­h�n that had taken place was for­�udable. Shipyards along the Clyde�nd the Tyne were booming, and thetondon docks were jam m e d with"shipping from every quarter of the-globe. No one but myself, a stranger,Seemed to think it odd that the por­'celain toilet bowls in the new British!rain carriages were stamped "RoyalDoulton," that there was a happyabsence of commercial broadcastingiOVer the BBC, or that the only over­heated building in London was theAmerican Embassy.At the end of October I boardedthe Australia-bound Stratlinauer at�ndon's Tilbury Docks for BombayVIa Port Said and Aden. Except foran American missionary couple ontheir way to India, I was the onlyAmerican in first class. In short orderI Was recognized as the greatest livingauthority on things American, prob­ab!y because I listened patiently whileb.emg told how "you chaps" wereeIther ruining or saving the worldfrom destruction.Amidst the moans and groans thataccompanied the return of the oldha.nds to an "Indo" that no longereXIsted for them, there were morePositive indications of the British at­titude tow a r d the Commonwealthareas in the person of several youngmen on their way to India and Pakis­tan to take up careers in jute, tobacco,trading, shipping, and tea. TheseCountries are still looked to as landsof opportunity for the youth of Britain,and there have been surprisingly fewEnglishmen in business in India whohave left permanently, and still lessof an outflow of British capital.The voyage was .made exceptionallyPleasant by the good weather and theopportunity to gain some insight intothe attitudes of Britons whose lifeWork was in the south of Asia. Ilearned that "whiskey drys" (Scotchwhiskey and ice-less ginger ale) areconsumed in quantity, a sore waste ofgood Scotch, and that there is anA.ustralian version of the Big Apple,t?e "Hokey Pokey," which was occa­SIonally danced to the worst band thateVer performed on land or sea. My not �ress�ng for dinner was passedover in time as something that onecould expect of a crazy American.1 mpressions of India.The little bit of India that couldbe seen .during the two weeks I spentthere was enough to indicate the in­credible poverty of the coun try andthe problems that face the new gov­ernment. The streets of Bombay atnight are littered with the slumber­ing bodies of people of both sexesfleeing the stifling heat of their shock­ingly over-crowded rooms. At alltimes birds of carrion flap arrogantlyover the city and its Parsee Towerof Silence, bold enough in the knowl­edge of their immunity from destruc­tion to swoop down and seize foodfrom one's hands.During a drive to Poona, 120 milesfrom Bombay, with Elizabeth Sander­son, MA, '48 American Vice-Consulin Bombay, the excellent highway,one of the few in India, was throngedwith bullocks, cows, and water buffaloobstructing traffic with lazy nonchal­ance. Like their cattle, the Indiansmove slowly and listlessly, except forthe colorfully-turbaned Rajputs fromthe border states, the Sikhs who arenot. Indians at all, and the Parseeswho move meaningfully toward thecommercial goals of their Westernbusinessmen models. If any quick im­pression of India is justified, it is thatIndia is a land of infinitely-variedsullenness and hate, of repressed' emo­tions that erupt in violence and blood­.shed. That these conditions are inpart at least rooted in the poverty ofthe people, is borne out by the bear­ing of the police and the army, allwell fed and in striking contrast totheir brethren who support them.Men vs. machinesIn Bombay it was possible to makea survey of the port through the co­operation of the Port Director, anEnglishman of ability and experience,whose staff is almost entirely Indianor Anglo-Indian. I was accompanie::lon some of these field studies byLawrence Hoffman, AM '43, who isat present in India, also as a Fulbright------------------------------------------------------------A Fulbright scholar reports the tensions,' problemsand conversations taking place in HOJ?g Kong, stillthe crossroads of Asia and a fabulous but doomed city�1AY, 1951 Scholar. In the port facilities can beseen the technological heritage thatEnglish enterprise has left to the I�­dian and P a k i s tan i governments.Wharves, docks, cranes, and derricksare operational and in good order, butthe bulk of the energy employedcomes from scores of coolies who stillunload bulk cargoes of coal, cement,and wheat. by hand.Here is one of the major charac­teristics of Oriental society: the suc­cessful competition of cheap andabundant labor with mechanicalpower. The coolies can load and un­load bulk cargoes with a proficiencythat very nearly matches that of me­chanical equipment, and what theylack in speed is countered by theminimal wages they will accept. Yetthis is far from sheer exploitation, forthese men, and women, must be em­ployed or they will perish. Most ofthem cannot return to the land forthe land is occupied or unsuitable foragriculture. It is the problem of India,as of Japan, Java, Korea, and otherpar�s of the Orient, to raise percapita productivity and at the sametime maintain something resemblingfull employment. The mechanizationof agriculture in the Orient, evenwher� it. is feasible, cannot helpbut intensify rather than solve theproblem.Hong Kong at lastSo to Hong Kong on the fifth ofDecember, a bright, cool and clearday that was most welcome after thestifling heat of Singapore. First im­pressions of Hong Kong are almostinvariably the same; a city sitedamidst exceptional natural beauty.What is commonly called Hong Koneris the city of Victoria, a name seldomused, which fringes the northernshore of the island of Hong Kong 11miles from east to west and two tofive miles from north to south. Thebuilt-up area of the City rises almostsolidly to the 400' contour and abovethat level are scattered Europeanresidences perched on the sides ofpr�cip�tous slopes and reached byspiralling roads which scar the sidesof the 1,800' Peak. About a mile northof the island is the southern tip ofthe Kowloon Peninsula, now largelybuilt up, but less densely so than theCity; beyond Kowloon are the leasedNew Territories which occupy 35513square miles, most of the KowloonPeninsula proper.Between the island and the main­land is the magnificent harbor aboutwhich Hong Kong's life centers andwhich has been its chief raison d' etre.From the top of Hong Kong island'sPeak-and from a few fortunately­situated homes on the Peak-it ispossible to look northward across theharbor to the mainland, toward theKowloon Hills and China in the back­ground, and southward over the pic­turesque bays and islets that rim theisland's southern coast to the islandsthat are China's and are today forti­fied with field pieces which threatenand have fired upon shipping passingnear their emplacements. My firstviews of Hong Kong were from thePeak at night; and they comparedmore than favorably with those fromthe Mark Hopkins Hotel in SanFrancisco. In daylight the vista wasno less impressive, but the barrenrock-strewn slopes of the KowloonHills were formidable in their beautyand indicated the grave shortages ofwater which Hong Kong faces despitean abundance of summer rainfall.Culture-starvedHong Kong is starved for what isoften termed "culture." In spite of itshuge and variegated population-2.3million at the end of 1950-and thecultural influences which pass throughand around it, there is little in theway of music, art, literature and thelike making its influence felt withinthe city. A visiting second-rate pianistreceives the acclaim of a Schnabel,and an imitator of the classic Sungdynasty paintings is welcomed withhearty if somewhat pathetic enthusi­asm. This feeling carries over morerewardingly into the academic realm.A series of excellent lectures in Feb­ruary on the geography of Asia byGeorge Cressey, Ph.D. '23, weremobbed; despite their merit only alimited audience would have attendedin the States.Hong Kong, therefore, is certainlyfar from being a cultural center inthe Far East; it is in many ways trulyprovincial. The University of HongKong, whose hospitality was beyondreproach, is a relatively small schoolby American standards with less than1,000 students. Furthermore, and per­haps more important, it is a Britishuniversity, run for the most part by14 Ginsberg (in dark glasses) spent time at sea cementing U. S. relations with Scotlandand Australia (the young lady).Englishmen of considerable ability,but with interests basically far re­moved from the Orient. The schoolsof medicine and engineering arestrong, those in the humanities andsocial sciences are weak. There havebeen no courses in the history of theFar East; in fact the Orient has beenalmost completely neglected exceptfor single courses in the geographyand economics of the Far East,despite the fact that 980/0 of the stu­dent body is of non-European origin.But a sociable city.On the other hand if you want tomeet people Hong Kong is the placeto do it. Within a few days after myarrival here I became a visiting mem­ber of the American Club in the HongKong and Shanghai Bank Building.It wasn't long thereafter that I camenear to resigning when I found thatChinese were not admitted even asThe main building of Hong Kong Uni­versity. guests to the club, but after tellingthe manager what I thought, I let thematter go. A fine way to sell theAmerican brand of democracy to· theunenlightened people of Asia. Eventhe stuffy British Hong Kong Clubadmits Chinese as luncheon guests.Also, through the graces of Ann FordDoyle, a former Chicago girl and In­ternational House resident whoseTime reporter husband was killed inIndonesia about a year ago, I be­came an associate member of theCorrespondents Club, a meeting placefor characters of unlimited variety.The basic functions of Hong Kongare simple enough. It has in the pastbeen the gateway to South China, acommercial center possessed of an eX­cellent harbor along a coast poorlYendowed with natural harbors. Moreimportant perhaps, it has been a freeport and a center of financial stabilityon the margin of a sub-continentwhere such stability has been notori­ously absent. On the other hand thehistorical hinterland for Hong Kong,South China, has never been the mostproductive or economically-importantpart of China, and Hong Kong, there­fore, has been of distinctly lesser im­portance among the ports-thanShanghai and Tientsin.Since the war, however, HongKong has taken over many of thefunctions of these other ports, and atthe present time it is the main gate­way not only to South China, butalso to China as a whole. Further­more, its stable financial status as .aBritish Crown Colony has made Itof special importance to a Chinawracked with civil war and resultantTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHUctuations of currency. The Nation­alist blockade of the middle ChinacOast, not very strictly enforced, hasresulted in still greater flows of com­ltlodities through Hong Kong. Post­war Hong Kong, it is generally recog­nized, has become of increased com­Illercial importance largely by defaultof its port competitors. Once stabilityof some order returns to the Far Eastthe functions of Hong Kong will beboth modified and lessened.8ritain transplantedThis fact is recognized by the lead­ers of the British commercial com­Illunity, and as a result the trade pat­terns of Hong Kong have been tend­ing more and more away from Chinatoward Southeast Asia as insurancefor the future. British investment inthe colony is of such magnitude thatit must be protected from rapidliquidation, otherwise the repercus­si�ms would be felt throughout theBri'tish "commercial empire. For thisreason the British attitude towardlIong Kong differs radically from theA.merican. To the Englishman HongKong means life and livelihood; tothe Americans it is merely a tem­Porary place of business whose de­struction might mean inconvenience,but not necessarily disaster.The British are the leading non­Chinese elements in the colony. TheyrUn the government and their finan­cial interests are the basis for the eco­nomic functioning of the colony. Thegovernment is efficient and attemptsto give the Chinese a place in its ad­ministration to a degree greater thanthat deemed desirable by many Eng-'lishmen and less than that desired byrnani Chinese. Despite many indi­vipual exceptions, the Englishman infI�ng Kong regards himself as astrgnger, a ruler of colonial peoples,and he attempts to transplant to this'Chinese soil, not without considerablesuccess, a British world. One of themore interesting experiences I had\vas to attend the N ew Year's Evefestivities at the East Point Godownof Jardine, Matheson's, the secondlargest of the English trading com­Panies. Each New Year's .Eve a cen­tury old cannon is fired at midnightfrom the god own wharf to the soundof squirling bagpipes and Scottish­burred cheering l e a.v e ned withChinese firecrackers in a setting ofMAY, 1951 evening dress and sub-tropical vegeta­tion. It was' on this last New Year'xEve that 1 was asked by ahyphenatedEnglish lady on our introduction: ."1say, isn't that (my name) one of yourfamous battles or something?"The Chinese community actuallydoes not exist as a unit. There arethose Chinese who are British-edu­cated and who are generally sym­pathetic to the foreigner. There areon the other hand a far greater num­ber who are at least indifferent andoften hostile to him. It is surprisinghow few Chinese speak adequateEnglish. The bulk are of Cantoneseorigin, and to them Hong Kong hasbeen merely an adjunct to Kwang­tung, somewhat more stable perhapsand considerably more prosperous thanthe rest of the province. Among thesealso are the "junk people" or floatingpopulation of some 200,000 personswhose affiliations with the local gov­ernment are tenuous indeed, but whoplaya major role in cargo carriageand transhipment.On the other hand since the warthere has been an influx of refugeesfrom Shanghai, often very wealthyand clannish, involved in the ex­change of gold and the accumulationof enough wealth to get them papersand out' of Hong Kong to anotherhemisphere. There are the Kuomin­tang supporters who fled from Com­munist China and who are lookingtoward the day when they can return,possibly wealthier than when theyleft. There are the Communists, espe­cially strong in the trade unions, whoHong Kong is a city of hills-LadderStreet typically slopes down to the harbor. The New Bank of China building goes upacross from the Hong Kong and ShanghaiBand ... A most modern skyline.look to a Hong Kong that is not onlythe port for South China but also ispolitically a part of China. There arethe Chinese liberals who are attempt­ing to. make ends meet while refusingto accept the' reaction of the Kuomin­tang or the dictatorship of the peo­ple's government.Passionately ChineseThere are in addition a consider­able number of those who feel pas­sionately that they are Chinese andbelong to China, that the Anglicisedand Americanized West is theirenemy, but who are uncertainwhether they can take the apparentlimitation of personal liberty as prac­ticed by Peking. All of these oftenconflicting, sometimes cooperating,factions are evidenced in the Chinesepress. Ta Kung Pao, the leadingCommunist paper, is still publishedby a Chinese of apparent non-com­munist beliefs, and other papers aretorn between their distrust of Peking,America, England, the KMT, and Chi­nese groups they do not represent.The Americans, in spite of theirlimited numbers, are a major ele­ment in the Hong Kong scene. Theembargo which the United Statesplaced on Hong Kong in Januaryhas hit the colony hard, since a sub­stantial portion of its imports wereeither for subsistence processing orfor manufactures which did not goto China. On this, matter, all of thenewspapers are agreed, though per­haps forvdifferent reasons.. More important perhaps is the factthat Hong Kong is the most Ameri­canized city in the Orient, except per-15haps for Tokyo and despite its Britishpolitical status. The Chinese enjoy,the color and vitality of Americanadvertising and produce, and HongKong was the major center for a largetrade in American consumers' goods,a trade now much diminished. Cer­tainly there seems to be nothing madein America that is not available evennow for a price in the colony. I havebeen drinking American coffee atbreakfast, blowing my nose in Amer­ican Kleenex, smoking Americancigarettes, reading newspapers printedon American-processed newsprint,and avoiding Coca-cola which isomnipresent; when I can afford ataxi it is almost always a Plymouthor a Chevrolet. By and large theAmerican business community ishard-headed and willing to tradewhere trade can be arranged. Where­as the British are most concerned withthe European trade and the trans­shipmen t of goods along the Chinacoast, the American firms are mostconcerned with the trans-shipment ofAmerican-made goods and with thetrade with Taiwan and Japan.Attitudes toward AmericaSince the war there has developeda distrust of Americans on almostall sides, although America is ob­served always with envy and some­times with respect. But that respectis most often for material rather thanideological reasons, even in the caseof the Korean war which is supportedin principle by most foreigners andChinese businessmen. There is a gen­eral feeling that Americans are ratherchildish, emotional, . and unreliable,and the closing of the Chase BankFish shipped from the interior are auc­tioned at the fresh water fish market.16 and the consular recommendation inJanuary that American 'dependentsdepart are pointed out as examples.Shocking to our minds is the factthat to Chinese and British alikeAmericans are often thought of ashopelessly narrow in their idealismand unwilling to face the realities ofpolitical and economic developmentsin the Far East; that we are less pre­dictable and therefore more danger­ous than even the' Russians. HongKong realizes with no little trepida­tion that its fate is dependent in largepart on American Asian policy.Certainly it is true that the calibreof the informants upon whom theAmerican people depend for theirnews of the Orient is sad indeed. Thenews services depend largely on aroutine favorable restatement of whatNationalist Taipeh reports and a gen­erally unfavorable comment of whatcomes from Peking. In few cases is thebusiness of the correspondent, report­ing, pursued. Analysis is. seldom criti­cal, frames of reference are rarelyquestioned, and still less frequentlyis a scientific ordering of facts prac­ticed. One reporter for a trusty NewYork paper recently told me that hewas going up to Taiwan to get thereal dope on that beleaguered isle,that he thought Chiang Kai-shek wasAmerica's rock of Gibraltar in Asia,next to General MacArthur, that is,and half-seriously, that he was goingto give a good Republican analysisof what was going on. When I askedwhether he thought he was going togive a non-biassed report of what hesaw, he was hurt at the question, andleft with the feeling that I must beone of the "pinkos" who were ruin­ing the country. I hasten to add thatthere are exceptions among whomHenry Lieberman of the N. Y. Timesand Bob Shaplen of the N. Y. Postare the most noteworthy, they beingthe only newspapermen I met inHong Kong who ask whether therearc any other truths besides their own.It may be, of course, that I amtoo harsh on the representatives ofthe press. However, a few weeks agoI attended a bull-session in the Glou­cester Hotel room of Keyes Beech ofthe Chicago Daily News, at whichMarguerite Higgins, of the N. Y.Herald Tribune, a Chinese doctorand his wife, and a Eurasian doctor­poetess were present. The discussioncentered partly about the question:How can China be defined politically En route to Bangkok, and home, Ful­bright scholar Ginsburg typed out the fol­lowing thumbnail biography for us: "Wentthrough U of C on combination of loans,scholarships, jobs with Band G, and [ou)cost of living at the Ellis coop. Went toWashington in early '42 as geographer withArmy Map Service, enlisted Navy year later,did language and general intelliaence inPacific after year studying Japan�se. En_­tered North China with 6th Marine Divz-sion. Returned China in spring, 1946, asMap Intelligence Officer for the Depart-merit of State and wandered around. Re­entered U of C '46 to work on MA. Havejust left Hong Kong with much distress."today? The replies were of this order:Miss Higgins stated that China waSEastern Europe; Mr. Beech that it re­sembled Eastern Europe but was dif­ferent in" some ways; the doctor­poetess that China was China andeven under the present regime wouldbe Chinese first and anything elselast; the Chinese doctor that the pres­ent regime was the best thing forChina and represented a new Handynasty that would unite the coun­try in a synthesis of West and East.Where was I? Strongly, ever strongly,in the middle. To Miss Higgins I waSan idiot because I did not see thatChina was Rumania or Poland; tothe Chinese doctor I was deluded bymy reactionary education and couldnot help myself; to myself I was truesince I knew that I did not yet know.Hong Kong doomedWhat is clear, however, is thatHong Kong, as the commercial centerof the Far East is doomed, but notnecessarily in the violent and suddenway that recent American magazinearticles have indicated. In time, withincreased stability in the Orient, it(Continued on Page 25)Another use for the fish tubs at the marketis for bathing!THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE DOUBLE LIFEOF RICHARD HIMMELBy day, he does a best selling businessin swank north shore interiors. By night,he writes· slick. fiction which sells and sellsRICHARD HIMMEL, '42, hasbeen characterized by his friendsand numerous acquaintances as "sortof. a poor man's Wolcott Gibbs,""one of the shrewder operators tograduate from the Midway," and "so­cial arbiter of the year� '39 to '42."l'he first and last of these titles referto his campus career when he was, atvarious times, the president and star­ring actor of the Dramatic Associa­tion, the sharp-tongued author of theMaroon gossip column, the "TravelingBazaar" (now extinct), the last edi­tor of the Daily Maroon (now a week­ly) and member of Owl and Serpent,Beta Theta Pi, Skull and Crescent,and the English Department.Himmel's post graduate activitieshave not diminished in either number'or scope. As partner in Lubliner andf:Iimmel, an interior decorationfirm in the Chicago area, he has afull time job designing swank Gold�oast apartments and north shorehouses. As a family man he has justttloved, with his wife"Ellie," two-yeareld daughter Ellen, and month-old sonJohn, into a new apartment on Well­ington Avenue. He himself decorated�ts ten spacious rooms with plush­through-rococo furnishings. The lat­ter include such items as a livingroom couch covered with gold satinand studded with large pearl buttons.In the evenings, he works in a li­br:_Cl,ry furnished with a couch of thetype . usually found in analysts' of­fices (but covered with orange faille),MAY, 1951 bookcases crowded with first editionsof the authors Fitzgerald, Stein, Cabel,and Wilder, whom he hugely admires,two desks and the typewriter he usedas a freshman reporter on the Maroon.On the typewriter, which he couldnot bear· to part with and boughtafter his graduation, he produces pulpbest sellers at a phenomenal speed.These novels can be purchased atnews stands for a quarter, and Him­mel's total sales are now rapidly ap­proaching those of such favorites asThe Robe and Gone With the Wind.Monotony too muchNeither aspect of Himmel's dualcareer began immediately after hisgraduation. He put in a stint workingfor Arthur Rubin, in the University'sInstitute for Military Studies, servedthe Army for two years and then in'44, much to the surprise of his friends,went to work for a designing firmwhere he devoted his creative talentsto toys and packages. However, themonotony of an office job proved toomuch for him. Within the year, hewent into partnership with his sisterto form the firm of Lubliner and Him­mel, interior decorators. The newfirm set up offices in Winnetka, withan office staff of one part-time girl.Currently, they work out of the samequarters at 190 East Chestnut Street,but business now necessitates eightemployees, some of whom are full­time traveling salesmen."We are strictly a custom busi­ness," Himmel reports. "We offer stem-to-stern service on. both housesand apartments, about half of whichare outside Chicago." In addition,they also have contracts with largeadvertising firms. For example, Lub­liner and Himmel will design an in­terior using a specific product, suchas paint, from the Pittsburgh Paintand Glass Company. The interior isthen photographed and used as anadvertisement for the product. LandH interiors have received further na­tional coverage in the editorial sec­tions of Better Homes and Gardensand Good Housekeeping."However," Himmel adds, "westarted as a furniture business, andit is still our specialty. We make overantiques into unusual furnishings."Himmel antiques, particularly musicalinstruments, turn up disguised, amongother things, as clocks, lamps andvases. Despite this trademark, Him­mel points out, his interiors range indesign from the modern through themore traditional.While the decorating business wasgathering steam, Himmel relaxed bywriting in the evenings. "I have al­ways been interested in writing," herecalls," ever since Thornton Wildergave me advice at the University. Ifeel uneasy and uncomfortable whenI don't have some project underway."He first worked on a serious novelwith the projected title, Heart of theWilderness.' As_ it neared completion,he hired an agent in New York tofind a publisher. Though such houses17as Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., did notaccept it, the novel-revised andedited-did appear early in '50 in a35 .cent paper-bound edition underthe title, Soul of Passion-publishedby Star Publications.When the first sales figures rolledin, Himmel's career as a pulp authorwas firmly established.Opportuni ty and at that timethe Fawcett Publications, a firmwhich specializes in comic books andpulp magazines, decided to launch anew line of pocket books. To avoidcompeting with other publicationscrowding the newsstands, these workswere to be original novels, not re­prints. Word quickly spread throughliterary circles and hundreds of man­uscripts were submitted and rejected.In the lull after the wholesale rejec­tions, Himmel's agent, who had wiredhis client for a hurry-up job, arrivedin the Fawcett offices with a few hun­dred words of � projected novel calledI'll Find You. Himmel was imme­diately put under contract for thisand as many other novels as he couldproduce. Since then, his third book,The Chinese Keyhole has appearedand Fawcett Editions now regard himas their most successful author. Assuch, Himmel flies to N ew York-allexpenses paid-for monthly confer­ences with the editors, a duty he doesnot find onerous.Many of Hirrimel's friends whowrite more serious prose are aston­ished at his success. The first editions of I'll Find You and The ChineseKeyhole ran 250,000 copies apieceand the second edition of the formerbrought his total sales to 750,000.Since Himmel's contract specifies thathe is paid a flat rate for the novelbefore publication and an additionalroyalty on each copy sold, his morehighbrow but less wellpaid colleaguesspend many troublesome nights pon­dering the exact profits of his eveningavocation.Lord of the pulpsHimmel says the trade classifies hisbooks as "long haired sex." "Longhaired" does not refer to the physicaladornments o( his characters but tothe literary polish the author is ableto give his treatment of the centraltheme. Soul of Passion is describedin the cover blurb as "an intimate taleof a man· and a woman torn betweenmemories of the past and their pas­sion of the present." The .plot isfairly well summarized on the ';insideof the jacket; "Lovely Kit iGreer,widowed by the war, still cherishedmemories of the few weeks of heaven­ly bliss she spent in the arms of JackGreer, her husband and lover. There­fore, it was with great expectancytha t she a wai ted the visit to herhometown of Jack's most intimatefriend, Warren Lindquist, a sensitivepianist and composer."Love starved, she had hopes oftransferring to him this intense yearn­ing to love and be loved. However, their first meeting is a bitter disil­lusionment, each trying to analyze theother and his relationship to the deadman."Gradually, when they realize thestrong physical attraction drawingthem close together, they make everyeffort to repel it. But, as their pas�sion mounts, their barrier collapsesand they soar to height of greatecstasy-from which is born a rhap­sody-a rhapsody of the fulfillment ofall their passions:"In I'll Find You and The ChineseKeyhole, Himmel turns to the Ray­mond Chandler tough-guy, first-per­son-narrato.r school of fiction. His herois a young lawyer, John Maguire,struggling to make a living in a citynever specifically named but sus­piciously resembling Chicago. Ma­guire, while he has a working under­standing with a girl named Tina, islooking for True Love. As the titlehints, he finds it in I'll Find You inthe guise ofa. femme 'Fatale bight clubsinger. He pursues her to Floridathrough a maze of threatening under­world figures until she commits mur­der for his sake. Maguire, who isreally devoted to law and order, isdistressed by the turn of events, buthis true love solves the problem byjumping into Lake Michigan.Maguire is again searching for the"real thing" in The Chinese K evhole,but he is now working for the govern�ment as some sort of counter espionageagent. He finds his first clue to theDick, Ellen, John and "Ellie" relax on the ten-foot long, gold satin couch in the living room of their near Northside apart-.ment-decorated by Dick of course.18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA clock made from an old zither, one ofa line of "clocked" musical instrumentsIllade by Lubliner & Himmel.whereabouts of a spy ring in theChinese strip joint from which thebook takes its title. Eventually heis led to another government agentnamed Chloe Reynard who works ona World Government magazine pub­lished by a university on the southside of the city. Together they trapthe master spy. However, wellbredChloe and tough Maguire are "nogood together" and she goes hometo Kansas and the home town boy.Just by happenstance, one of Him­mel's friends from the Maroon erais Chloe Roth Fox '42, who untilrecently worked for Common Cause,a world government magazine pub­lished at the University of Chicago,on the south side of. the city. Himmelfrankly admits the character resem­blance is more than a coincidence."But," he adds, "so far as I know,Chloe was never a spy."Himmel has no' formula for turningOut his yarns. "I start with an in­teresting situation and work it out atthe typewriter." (Currently he hasan Italian madame, an Indian andan Irishman embroiled in an inter­esting situation in Early Chicago forthe third of the five books he hascontracted to write a year.) "How­ever," he says, "I find it easiest towrite late at night; but then, it isalmost impossible to write the kindof fiction I specialize in early in themorning. In the evening it is quiterelaxing after a day spent earning mybread and butter."He recalls that his campus literarycareer did not get off to' such a flyingstart. Himmel's first news story onMAY, 1951 the Maroon, the subject of which heno longer remembers, was picked topieces for the assembled staff by newseditor Seymour Miller, '39, as an ex­ample of how not to write a newsstory.The '41 Cap and Gown says, "Thepowers behind the throne in thewomen's prize production 'Mirror' wereFrank Reker, who wrote most of themusic, Milton Olin, who providedseveral songs, and skit writers Harri­son Alexander and the ever-presentDick Himmel. In fact, Himmel wasso ever-present that one of the Sat­urday matinee high school guests ex­claimed, 'Here comes the star again!'when he appeared for the fifth time."The Maroon of Sept. 29, 1941, inan article . entitled "oh you BMOC"says:' "Dick Himmel, the Maroon's'Traveling Bizaree' is k now n as'Stinky.' His mother, however, pre­fers boy-chick. A reformed and/ orunreformed Beta (a reference to theBeta's purge of their intellectualmembership), he lists among his ac­tivities, the D.A. presidency, Owl andSerpent membership, a board memberon the Maroon, and Mirror pro­ducer."The first Himmel "Bazaar" of theyear appeared in the same issueand read:"One of the Bazaar's favorite peo­ple is Gypsy Rose Lee, a strip teaseartist and author. Gypsy and I becamefriends last year when she whippedout to the University to have herpicture taken with some Mirror cho­rines, and I waylaid her en route.Well, a couple of days ago Gypsyhad a cocktail party for the press to Another Lubliner & Himmel special-acarousel pig, one of seven such animals,they made into an outdoor Bar B Q cart.'remove the jacket' from her firstbook, 'The G-String Murders.' Gypdidn't forget her old friend." Himmelcontinued his literary admiration ofMiss Lee for several issues and cul­minated it with a review of her novel."The Gypper's book is wonderfullyworthwhile, mainly because of theGypper herself. A burlesque whotalks about Proust and G-strings withequal facility is enough to captureany college boy's heart."In the light of his admiration forMiss Lee it is possible to understandwhy Himmel never blushes about thefiction he writes today. However, headmits to one serious qualm: "I amalways afraid," he says, "that NormanMaclean will pick up one of my booksin an El station, and send it back tome, corrected like one of myoidthemes." A. C. C.After a day of decorating, Himmel works in his library den.19News of the QuadranglesTo Her Credit: l04�988 BabiesBy Jeannette Lowrey104,988 New-born babies6,864 Post-graduate and stu­ent nurses1,022 Internes and residen tdoctors3,555 U n i versity of Chicagomedical studentsTHE LIVES of these 116,429 hu­man beings, including enoughnew-born babies to populate a metro­politan city, have been "vitally" af­fected by Miss Mabel C. Carmon,birthroom supervisor of the Universityof Chicago Lying-in Hospital andDispensary.Named by Time magazine "mostfamed obstetrical nurse in the UnitedStates," Miss Carmon retired April 1exactly 44 years to the day that shecame to Chicago's first maternity hos­pital.In her career, she has seen obstet­rics rise from an ignored branch ofmedicine to its present high positionof scientific and professional esteem... largely through the 48-year cru­sade of Dr. Joseph B. DeLee, thefounder of Chicago Lying-in.She has witnessed the results of anation-wide campaign among doctorsand nurses for safe childbirth formother and baby. She has watchedthe high mortality rates drop throughthe years to the point that scarcely amother's lifeIs lost and only an occa­sional baby dies.In her own hospital, the good ob­stetrics and the excellent obstetricnursing have led patients to say that"it is far safer to have a baby atLying-in than it is to cross a street incity traffic."Miss Carmon, herself, is partiallyresponsible for the Lying-in record.Her obstetric nursing is not only alegend in the University of Chicagohospital but throughout the world.Some 6,864 post-graduate nursesand student nurses, wearing the Lying-20 in pin, have learned her birth-roomtechnique and taken it to the farcorners of the globe ... China, Japan,Alaska, Mexico, Puerto Rico andHawaii. Internes and resident doc­tors, totaling at least 1,022, and 3,555University of Chicago medical stu­dents have worked side-by-side withher.The decision to go into hospitalobstetric nursing in 1907, Miss Car­mon recalls, was a most' difficult one, When Dr. DeLee moved the hos­pital to its second site on Vincennesand 51st street in 1917, Miss Carmonset up the birth room in the new build­ing.In 1929, the Chicago Lying-in Hos­pital and Dispensary was affiliatedwith the University of Chicago. The166-bed, 135-crib hospital, erected atMaryland· avenue and 59th street,was added to the University of Chi­cago Clinics in 19 31 with gifts of$1,700,000 from prominent Chicago­ans.Today, Chicago Lying-in has oneof the lowest mother mortality ratesin the world. From the most recentperiod studied at the Chicago Lying­in Hospital, July 1, 1944 to July 1,1948, 14,944 mothers gave birth to15,118 babies. Only four mothersfailed to survive, a rate of .37 perthousand live births. During thissame period, fetal loss was 18.5 pe�thousand living babies.Miss Carmon herself deserved muchMiss : Carmon with one of her 104,988 patients.for few mothers ... were going to thehospital to have their babies. A grad­uate of the first three-year class innursing at Wesley hospital (Chicago)in 1906, Miss Carmon began her nurs­ing career doing private duty.Dr. DeLee, whose dispensary andLying-in hospital had been foundedsome 12 years previous, offered her$40 a month as general duty nurse inMarch, 1907. Upon advice of room­mate, she withheld an affirmativeanswer unless the salary was raised.She accepted when $45 was offered. credit, for Dr. DeLee and his succes­sors had only to suggest a techniquethey wished adopted to have MissCarmon implement it in the birth­room.A South American nurse, just be­ginning her obstetrical nursing at Ly­ing-in, said: "Your technique is notnew to me. I have been following itfrom the book you wrote with Dr.DeLee and Dr. M. Edward Davis."DeLee's Obstetrics for Nursing,used in two out of three hospitals andnow in its 15th edition, was revisedTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEin 1947, with both Miss Carmonand Dr. Davis, the Joseph B. DeLeeprofessor of obstetrics and gynecologyas co-authors. It has even been trans­lated into Chinese and Spanish.Obstetrics students the world overhave also seen Miss Carmon in edu­cational films Dr. DeLee made in thehours after his staff had completedtheir day's work.An Oklahoma City obstetrician,writing Miss Carmon, said thank you"for the practical points in obstetricsthat I learned at Chicago Lying-inat the scrub sink beside you."In tribute to Miss. Carmon, doctorsthroughout the United States pre­sented her with two $1,000 bonds anda hundred dollar bond. The ChicagoLying-in board had another $300bond for her, and the Mothers' Aid,a life membership to its group.The flowers, telegrams, letters andpersonal gifts that were presented atthe nurses' dinner and the board'stea were also numerous.Miss Carmon in assembling themsaid in the same calm but thrilledmanner in which she has talked tonew mothers and fathers for almosta half century, "We need a Brink'sExpress and a truck to get all thisprecious loot home."Return to 'Dixie'President Ernest Cadman Colwellwill return to his alma mater, EmoryUniversity, as "The DistinguishedVisiting Professor."President Colwell, who becamepresident in 1945 when in a generaladministrative reorganization RobertM. Hutchins was named chancellor,resigned April 7, to accept the Emorypost at Atlanta, Georgia.Colwell, whose yearly schedule forthe past 20 years has always included2. lecture series at Emory, will assumehis new duties September 25.On Mr. Colwell's resignation, thetribute of the board of trustees of theUniversity of Chicago was paid byLaird Bell, chairman.Mi'. Bell said:"For twelve years, particularly aspresident since 1945, Mr. Colwell hascarried an increasingly heavy and im­portant share of the administration ofthe University. He leaves behind himsuch iaiportant permanent contribu­tions as The Federated TheologicalFacuIty, umtmg four theologicalschools in the country's largest Protes-MAY, 1951 tant faculty, and the Midwest Inter­Library Corporation, providing acentral cooperative library for fifteenuniversities and institutions. Mr.Colwell takes with him the intensegratitude of the Trustees for his de­voted and productive years of serviceto the University as a scholar andadministrator."Commenting on his decision, Presi­dent Colwell said:"My return to Emory University isin a very real sense a return home,for it was there I took my college andseminary degrees and did my firstteaching. My relations with Emoryhave continued through the years andI have always contemplated rejoiningit if opportunity offered. The rapidexpansion of the southeastern regionand the increasing resources which arebeing devoted to education theremakes this an interesting and chal­lenging time to accept the appoint­ment."An eminent scholar of the NewTestament, President Colwell has beenassociated with the university since1930 when he received his Ph.D. indivinity and was appointed an as­sistant professor of New Testament."Harperisms"in DABack in 1890, when the press waslabeling the University of Chicago as"Harper's folly," the first president ofthe university was coining educationalterms almost as rapidly as he wasestablishing inn novations for a greatuniversity.In the University Press' A- Diction­ary of Americanisms, e d i ted byMitford M. Mathews and publishedMarch 30, are the AmericanismsHarper introduced.He was the first to say "major"and "minor" in reference to coursesMathews of specified length. T. W. Goodspeedin a 1916 History of the University ofChicago quoted Harper with: "Asubject taken as a major requires eightor ten hour's classroom work or lec­ture work a week."In 1891 he used sight-reading withreference to the reading of a foreignor classical language at sight. Theterm had previously been used onlywith reference to reading music.And, in addition to introducing thejunior college in American education,Harper also named it.The first printed reference to thejunior college appeared in the 1899University of Chicago Register inwhich the statement appeared, "TheFaculties of the Schools of Arts, Lit­terature and Science have been or­ganized as follows: (1) The F acuityof the Junior Colleges: (2) TheFaculty of the Senior Colleges, etc."The Midway Plaisance along thesouth edge of the campus is also anAmericanism, dating back to 1871.The 1893 Columbian World Expo­sition popularized the Americanism,and writers since that day have writ­ten about Little Egypt dancing thehootchy-kootchy for the r a u c 0 u sWorld's Fair crowds. Both LittleEgypt and hootchy-kootchy are alsoAmericanisms ballyhooed by the fair.By 1911, Midway was being usedin allusion to the University of Chi­cago. The first p r i n ted evidence,which Mr. Mathews was able to ferretfrom old books and newspapers, wasa 1911 Daily News clipping, reading:"Practice at the Midway is scheduledto start next Wednesday, when Staggwill meet his charges for 1911."The Midway is also the home ofa not her Americanism, the FerrisWheel. G. W. W. Ferris, the engineerwho designed the first revolving wheelwith passenger car conceived the idea,according to the nation's own firstdictionary, at a Saturday afternoonclub dinner in a city chop house whilethe fair was under construction.The earliest-known passage on thewheel is from I ves' In Dream City,1894, which reads: "The Fer r isWheel, the chief wonder of the fair."GoldblaU HonoredMaurice Goldblatt, crusader formedical research, received the Uni­versity of Chicago's most distinguishedaward, the Rosenberger medal, at the245tll convocation.The Rosenberger medal, awarded21for distinguished service in the pro­motion of human welfare, was pre­sented Mr. Goldblatt in recognitionof his contributions to the welfare ofthe city and the University of Chicagoand for his leadership in the nationalfight against cardiac, cancer and men­tal diseases.The eleventh recipient of the Ros­enberger medal, Mr. Goldblatt re­ceived the a war d from PresidentErnest Cadman Colwell. In the audi­ence, in tribute to Mr. Goldblatt,were Dr. Leonard A. Scheele, surgeongeneral of the U.S. Public HealthService, and Dr. C. J. Van Slyke,director of the National Heart Insti­tute.First presented in 1924, the goldmedal was founded by the late Mr.and Mrs. Jesse L. Rosenberger, ofChicago and California. Recipientsinclude: Paul G. Hoffman for hiswork in the Economic CooperationAdministration, Dr. Frederic G. Bant­ing for his discovery of insulin, Dr.James H. Breasted for his arhaelogicalexplorations and discoveries, EdwardL. Ryerson for extraordinary servicein the relief of unemployment in Illi­nois, and Thomas E. Wilson, for spon­sorship of activities of rural youth.Mr. Goldblatt is president of theUniversity of Chicago Cancer Re­search Foundation, a governor of theNational Cancer Ins tit ute of theUnited States Public Health Service,a - member of the board of governorsof the Chicago Heart Association, thenational board of the American HeartAssociation, and the Medical and Bio­logical Research Council of the Uni­versity.His interest in cancer came aboutwhen his brother, Nathan, for whomthe university's Nathan GoldblattMemorial Hospital was named, diedof cancer in 1944.The first layman to plead and co­ordinate the cases of doctors andfoundation heads in the field of can­cer, Mr. Goldblatt appeared beforethe Congressional appropriations com­mittee asking for $37,000,000 for re­search in can c e r, $42,000,000 forheart disease, and $27,000,000 formental diseases.As president of the University ofChicago Cancer Research F ounda­tion, he sparked the 1947 Chicagocampaign to raise millions for theuniversity's extensive cancer program,and personally' secured much of thecampaign money.22 J?und Raiser-in-ChiefLaingthing from messenger service onup," and he describes it as -"a pe-. riod in which to look over the busi­ness and see if it interests you." Ap­parently it interested Laing, for in'46, at the age of35, he was takeninto partnership to direct opera­tions while John Nuveen, Jr., ' 18,was with the E. C. A. in Belgium.A few years later he became ac­tive in the Alumni Foundation dueto his feeling that "the Universityis a pretty constructive thing tohave around." Last year, underLaing's direction, the Gift set arecord in both the amount collect­ed and in the number of contrib­utors. Currently, his ambition is todouble the size of the gift since heassumed control-a goal which, atpress time, was only 50 thousanddollars away. His other leisuretime activities include photography,and he admits "there are six cam­eras and a dark room kickingaround" his near north side apart­ment.As an undergraduate Laing alsodabbled in "a little bit of every­thing" in the Student Council, theCommittee onStudent Affairs, andas Abbott of Blackfriars, a Univer­sity Marshal, an Owl and Serpent,and "one of the nine athletic mem­bers of Psi Upsilon."CHESTER W. LAING '32 apartner in John N uveen �ndCompany and, for the second year,chairman of. the Alumni Founda­tion Board, spends his workinghours on the 42nd floor of theLa Salle National Bank Building.Here, in a well carpeted office over­looking Chicago's loop and water­front, and decorated with prints ofearly Chicago scenes, pictures of hiswife Cynthia and nine year old sonJohn, and a neatly folded WallStreet Journal, he conducts busi­ness for one of the largest munici­pal securities firms in the coun try.John Nuveen & Company under­write the financial end of projectsproposed by states, cities, countiesand other governmental agencies,and when Laing glances out of hiswindows he occasionally spots oneof the Chicago Transit Authority's-new blue elevated cars, a tangibleresult of the firm's numerous activ­ities. The CT A, long in need ofnew equipment, was trying desper­ately to raise the needed money;five million dollars worth of equip­ment had been paid for, but an ad­ditional 15 million was needed.After the RFC had turned downCTA's request for a loan, Nuveenand Company studied the generalpicture and offered to 'float a bondto raise the necessary 20 milliondollars. As a result Chicago cannow boast of 200 new subway-ele­vated cars, most of which are op­erating on the new east-west Dear­born line. The CT A, however, isproudest of its 550 newly purchasedpropane powered buses, a pioneer­ing experiment in the field of citytransportation. These buses are thefirst in the country to be run withliquified petroleum gas. The result­ant saving of a cent and a half permile has encouraged several othercities to follow in Chicago's steps.In addition, 349 trolley coaches areabout to be delivered to the city.Laing joined the firm in the Julyimmediately following his gradua­tion from the School of Business.This first postion included "every-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe plain, unvarnished truth is we need a stiffer taxprogram-v-if not a steeper income tax, then a retailtax exempting food, or perhaps a levy on spending.How To Stave Off More InflationBy Garfield CoxGarfield V. Cox, Robert. Law ProfessorOf Finance and Dean of the School of Busi­ness, in early 1951 made some economicforecasts before the Hyde Park League ofWomen Voters. As we approach, midyear itis interesting to review these predictionsand his theories on balancing the federalbudget. .PRICES, industrial production andnational income are all going up.The proximate reasons for being sureof this are the huge projected rise infederal spending and the fact that theincrease is for armament.Presiden t T rum an's expenditurebudget, proposed in January· for thefiscal year ending June 30, 1952totaled $71.6 billion. This compareswith $40 billion for fiscal '50 and anestimated $47 billion for fiscal '51.For military services, including theMutual Defense Assistance Program,our government spent $12 billion infiscal '50, is estimated to be spending$22 billion in fiscal '51, and proposesto spend $47 billion for fiscal '51.Official estimate of the budget def­icit is $2.7 billion for the year endingthis June and $16.5 billion for nextyear. There will be talk of reductionin budgeted items for expendituresother than defense, but cuts achievedare not likely to shrink the grand totalsignifican tly.Although Congress is accustomedto work with the official budget, notall these figures represent transfers ofcash between the federal treasury andthe public. On both the revenue and.expenditure sides the cash budget ismore significant in immediate impacton the economy than is the officialone.F or the year ending this June thecash receipts of the treasury bid fairto exceed slightly the cash paid out.For next year the projected cash def­icit is about $13 billion.Given the huge liquid resourcesalready held by the public, there mayMAY, 1951 be no way in which the governmentcan raise these $13 billion and be cer­tain that its spending of them uponarms will have no net inflationaryeffect. We can be certain, however,that much the most inflationary waywould be to borrow the whole amountfrom commercial banks. Least infla­tionary, and possibly not inflationaryat all, would be to take it all in taxes.Intermediate would be to borrow itfrom savers.Given the government's fateful de­cision to rearm quickly 3.5 millionmen, and to create rapidly the facili­ties .for arming a much larger force,the country's first economic problemis to expand output. Its second prob­lem is to limit inflation. Both pastexperience and current developmentssuggest that we shall do a better jobof expanding "industrial productionthan of controlling the price level.Armament feeds inflationI t is often said that the best pre­ventive of rising prices is more pro­duction. This is false when the addi­tional output is armament. Even ifthe flow of goods and services to con­sumers could be held undiminishedwhile the means of defense were ex­panded, the prices. of consumers'goods would be bid up. This is be­cause, though tanks and war planesare neither sold nor rented to con­sumers, people are paid for makingand operating them. Both the incomesearned in arms production and thoseearned in producing consumer goodsand services converge upon the mar­ket for the consumers' goods. Thehigher, therefore, the expenditure onarmament rises, the greater the flowof. income available to purchase con­sumer goods.The best way of controlling infla­tion is to limit the rise of spendable personal income. The best means oflimiting spendable income is by in­come taxation. The machinery forthis type of control is well establishedand accepted. No other means is aseffective that interferes so little withproductive efficiency or with freedomof choice. We do not know preciselywhat the economic ceiling on incometax rates is. For the lower and middleincomes, however, the economic limitis much above present rates and iscertainly higher than the politicallimit.Our progressive income tax systemis already operating automatically toresist the price rise now under way.Expanding incomes produce a morethan proportionate increase of gov­ernment receipts. For this reason, al­though a rise of prices and incomesforces the government to pay morefor the goods and services it buys,such a rise tends to increase the gov­ernment's cash income more than itsexpenditures for a given volume ofpurchases. This factor, together withthe increase in rates voted in 1950,bids fair, as already mentioned, toyield a balanced cash budget for fiscal1951.Unfortunate tax surplus!It is perhaps unfortunate that tax­making time for Congress will 'comejust as the treasury's tax collectionswill be reaching their seasonal peak,and while government cash outlay forarmament will still be in its earlystages. For a short time the treasuryis likely to be taking in more cashthan it pays out. A further temporaryrestraint upon inflation is the highvolume of inventories of finishedgoods and. of goods in process of pro­duction. For a time consumers willcontinue to find stores well. stockedin most lines. These factors, together23with too much faith in the efficacyof direct controls, may lead Congressto vote seriously inadequate taxes.We dare not rely as heavily upongovernment borrowing and upon di­rect price and wage controls as inWorld War II. Incentive to save isweaker this time because of vividmemories of the post-war price riseof 1946-48. War II began amid heavyunemployment; rearmament beginswith employment full. Consumers'liquid resources were low then; theyare high now. Motives to hoard arestronger. In the absence of a majorwar, patriotic incentives to complywith direct controls are not as strong,while black marketeers will begin thistime with the advantage of experi­ence. It should also be recalled thatthe inflationary pressures built up dur­ing War II burst their bonds in 1946and that two years of rapidly risingprices followed.Needed: stiff taxesAmong direct government controlsthe most acceptable type is physicalcontrol of key industrial materials.Comprehensive direct price controlsrequire rationing. Such con t r 0 I sseverely restrict the flexibility of busi­ness adjustments which are alwaysneeded and are needed particularlynow, at a time when men and facili­ties are to be shifted rapidly to pro­duce armament. Some persons withmuch experience in administration ofprice controls in War II are amongthe more reluctant to see- them reim­posed now. They are costly to admin­ister. They frustrate initiative and in­terfere with productive processes ..They may foster some types of mono­polistic practices - that are hard to getrid of later. Black market operationsmake for inefficiency and for thespread of lawlessness into new fields.Both those who wish to minimizedirect" controls and those who favortheir general use should unite in favorof a stiff tax program. In no otherway can the direct controls be mini­mized or, if they are widely applied,in no other way can conditions fortheir effective enforcement be main­tained. To balance the cash budgetfor fiscal '52 will require increases intax rates enough to yield close to 30per cent more than will the presentstructure.Senator George, Chairman of theSenate Finance Committee, is said to24 hold the view that the present burdenis well distributed among the threemajor groups of taxes, those on per­sonal incomes, on corporate incomes,and excises. He suggests, therefore,that each category be made to yieldan added 30 per cent. This wouldmean from personal incomes about $8billion, from corporations $6 billion,and from excise taxes $2.5 billion. Forpersonal incomes this will call for alowering of $100 in the individualexemption and substantial increases inthe rates applied to low and mediumbrackets where the bulk of total per­sonal income, and, therefore, ofspending power, is found. Six billionmore can probably be taken from cor­poration profits, but it should beclearly understood that this will hand­icap the financing of needed expan­sion of productive capacity, and willnot be nearly as effective a restraintupon inflation as would a like amounttaken fro m per son a I incomes.Broadening and stiffening of excisetaxes are also in order, particularlyas applied to commodities the produc­tion of which it is the national policyto 'limit or reduce during the arma­ment period.Sales tax-exempting foodAn alternative means of raisingpart of the required funds is a retailsales tax exempting food. This ispolitically unpopular. It would alsobe expensive to administer. It would,in effect, raise the sale price of goodsto consumer. A rise of price producedby a retail sales tax, however, canbe canceled after the emergency byremoving the tax. A reduction fromthis source would stimulate buyingand employment. If the sales tax isnot imposed and consumers bid goodsup to the same price without the tax,as post-emergency decline in priceswould probably induce postponementof . buying and generate unemploy­ment.Another form of levy proposed butnot tried for World War II was a taxon spending. Or, stating it the otherway round, it was to tax persons morelightly on that part of income savedduring the emergency than on thatpart of income spent. Administrationof such a tax on spending might in-'volve difficult problems. In principle,however, it is attractive for a periodsuch as we are entering. It would pro- vide special incentive to hold E bondsas they mature and to put currentsavings into new ones. No one couldget credit for current saving who wascurrently s pen din g an equivalentamount out of past saving.It will be important, also, to limitthe extension of bank loans to busi­ness and to consumers. An importantfactor restraining bank managementsfor the period ahead is the alreadyhigh ratio of such loans to bankcapital.Spots of unemployment and evena slight decline in total industrial pro­duction are possible during the com­ing weeks of transition to output ofarms. Shortage of manpower and ofcertain critical materials of industrypromise to be serious problems. Onemay with some confidence expect,however, that by the end of 1951 theFederal Reserve Board's index of in­dustrial production, as presently con­structed, will be more than five percent higher than now.There is still a chance that for theyear the average rise of consumerprices will be less than 10 per cent.The national total of personal in­comes, running at latest report at anannual rate just above $230 billion,may be close to the $250 billion rateby the last quarter of 1951. Amongthe lifting factors will be increase inthe number employed, extension ofhours worked, increased wage rates,premium for overtime and higherfarm income.The security of America is at stakein the stability of the dollar and inthe general strength of our economyas certainly as it is at stake in oureconomic and military programs inEurope and Asia. The fate of the freeworld, too, depends upon our abilityto maintain our morale and economicefficiency under conditions in someways more exacting than those of gen­eral war. The Politburo may be de­pending more upon our internal de­cay than upon our relative militaryweakness. Each of us faces the dualchallenge of managing his own affairsefficiently and of supporting soundpublic policies. In fiscal matters thisis the year of decision. We have theeconomic strength to meet this crisis.Whether we have the political andmoral strength we shall soon know.May we meet our problems with theintelligence, courage and integritywhich the times demand.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBROOKS BROTHERS' SPORT JACKETSmade on our own distinctive patternsin a choice of good-looking materialsOur celebrated sport jackets are casual in appear­ance ... exacting in quality and workmanship. Ourtweed jackets are available in plaids, houndstoothchecks, diagonals and herringbone designs ... OddJackets for warm weather wear in nylon and rayonblends, in attractive new patterns exclusive with us.Tweed S port Jackets, from $ 7 5Odd'] ackets in nylon and rayon blends,jrom $21ESTABLISHED 1818�rfFJ������Jlljtn:s rurnishtnga, flats q- 3hots346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. Y.MADISON STREET AT MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 2, ILL.BOSTON • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOMAY, 1951 Hong Kong Letter(Continued from Page 16)must revert to its traditional, localizedfunction as the entrance to SouthChina. In the long run it will revertto China, for almost all Chinese,whatever their political beliefs, areconvinced that it must be returned.In case of war it is pathetically vul­nerable, although UN successes inKorea will tend to prevent its fall.In the event of peace the New Terri­tories, now leased until 1999, will bereabsorbed by China and the rest ofthe colony will be constricted increas­ingly as its water supply is cut down.It cannot exist as a manufacturingcenter for a large part of Asia sinceit depends entirely on imported rawmaterials, and these are costly. Whatthe British hope for is that the ab­sorption will be gradual and thattrade restrictions in the future willbe few and gentle. When criticised forwishful thinking along these lines, theBritish business man replies that hehas no alternative; to cut Hong Kongoff now from China's foodstuffs, rawmaterials, and markets means rapidand final decline.Meanwhile, the internal frictionsbetween Chinese and Chinese, andbetween Chinese and foreigner, areon the increase. Already the pinchof the recent Communist ban onfree movement between the col­ony and China is being felt, andthe American embargo is creatingunemployment and increasing un­rest. There is a stalemated equi­librium at present among all theconflicting elements, balanced byBritish colonial limited enlightenment,but the balance is tenuous, and thecalm that seems to characterize thecolony is prescient of turbulence andchange to come.Don't Forget ...THE BIG JUNE REUNION!June 6, Madame Pandit, speakerJune 7, Faculty RevelsJune 8, Class ReunionsJune 9, IF Sing and Robert M.Hutchins, speaker25CLASS 1"'�')t:2(�\�il NEW Sc: II, �I (CII' �\-,�I --------------J�(II:il�1���'fo ;.� 1�(r)1�1i���fl�Jr·r��'---.;...,-::,:3L/,,' i�'i -\)_",' "t,! ,\, J., 11)0/ i,-" <, ,\,,_'_'-- I ,.�_)b.�\, Ihr�±2---1� ';� j[\ .;- �_fl/�[� � l\f-Carrie Baxter has retired from teachingat Riverside High School in Milwaukee. InSeptember 1939, she was married to .FredGellett. He is a retired farmer and theylive in Belmond, Iowa.Donnan T. Bennitt, JD '18, is a lawyerand stockman in Willits, California. "Sel­dom meet any U. of C. people in this Cali­fornia north coast area though I've beenhere 32 years."::: Marian Mortimer Blend lives in Chicagowhere her husband is on the ChicagoTribune staff.James G. Brown, SM '17, PhD '25, ishead of the department of plant pathologyat .the University of Arizona. "Read a paperon antibiotics ... at the Seventh Interna­tional Botanical Congress in Stockholm,July, 1950." He and his wife spent twomonths visiting throughout Europe. Hiswife, Clara McNeil Brown, AM '16, at­tended the University Women's Convoca­tion in Zurich.A. Margaret Bowers, director of dininghalls, Yale University, writes: "Still wres­tling with the problems of feeding hun­gry men."Olive Flora Bryson, AM '21, is a teacherat Hiwassee College, Madisonville, Tennes­see. Reunion: "Have not decided."Roy A. Burt lives 'in Kansas City, Kan­sas, where he is an oil producer.':' Robert G. Buzzard, SM '17, has beenpresident of Eastern Illinois State College,Charleston, Illinois, since October 1, 1933.He has four sons, all college graduates, twonow in the navy, and one granddaughter."... will be satisfied with just a chance toreturn to the campus."Joseph P. Carey, SM '32, is head of thedepartment of geography and CentralMichigan College in Mount Pleasant. Hehas four grown children.::: Dorothy Collins Kipp lives in Charlotte,North Carolina. Her husband is an in­vestment banker.Marjorie Coonley MacLeod, of Amherst,Massachusetts, writes: "We have had threemarriages and one grandchild, in sixteenmonths and are just coming up for air."Max F. Cornwell of San Marino, Cal.writes: ": . . Sorry I can't be there. . . Ihaven't made a million, don't have tengrandchildren, and I can't tell you how tobring football back to the Midway. OutJl ere we take things easy and sit aroundlistening to our arteries pop."Elizabeth Crowe Hannum lives nearDonna, Texas, raising citrus fruit, writing,and teaching. Her husband is deceased.Alta Fisher Davis, SM '17, writes fromSeattle: "Arrange to meet on the PacificCoast next time and we'll show you thesights of the far west."Dorothy E. Davis, lives in Evanston. Herhusband, Edgar C. Turner, SM '20, MD '24,is a surgeon. Catherine Anne graduates1904Edward E. Brown, chairman of the FirstNational Bank of Chicago, has been electedpresident of the federal advisory council ofthe Federal Reserve System for 1951.Dr. Fred O. Tonney is director of theVictoria County Health Unit in Victoria,Texas.1906Huntington B. Henry was elected presi­dent of the Board of Trustees of St. Luke'sHospital, Chicago, last January.1908Bennett T. Waites is a Methodist minis­ter in Montevallo, Alabama.1909s. S. Visher, SM '10, PhD '14, writes:"Between semesters this time I saw much ofCuba from the air as a gift of a retiredbusiness mal), who has been much inter­ested in some of my scientific work.1911In the March Magazine under "AlumniCited in 1950" Moses Levitan, JD '13, wascredited with being director and secretaryof the Jewish Federation of Chicago. Hewrites to correct this to "lay member ofits board of directors and its secretary. Heand his wife are returning for _ the fortiethreunion of the Class in June.Mabel F. Murray (Sister Teresa Gertrude)is professor of education and director ofguidance laboratory at Seton Hall Univer­sity, Newark, N. J. She received the 1951award for Service to Youth from the Cath­olic Family Life Bureau at the St. LouisConvention in March, 1951. She can't cometo reunion. "Sorry! I'll be teaching."_ A note from E. T. Sturgeon of the Mor­rill & Sturgeon Lumber Company, Port­land, Oregon, says: "I'm planning on be­ing there for [the reunion June 8]. WilberHattery is also looking forward to attend­ing this reunion."1912Horace E. Whiteside was married toRuth E. Kinyon, of New York, on January21, 1951. Miss Kinyon was graduated fromthe School of Journalism, University ofMissouri, and is director of research of theCharles W. Hoyt Company, Inc., advertis­ing agency. Horace is professor of law atCornell University and is associated withthe firm of Whitman, Ransom, Coulsonand Goetz, New York.1916Thirty-fifth Reunion, June 8, 1951.Also 1916-17 reunion, June 9, 1951.Asterisk (*) indicates alumnus hopesto be present.Phoebe Baker of Orange, New Jersey, isactive in all manner of civic affairs. Shewas �anager of the national convention ofthe American Association of UniversityWomen at Atlantic City in April. She wascited last year by the Alumni Association.Her husband, Benjamin Shackelford, PhD'16, is director, licensing department ofR.C.A. International Division.26 from Miami University (Ohio) in June;Miriam from Evanston High School. "Bothare red heads!"Jehiel S. Davis is an instructor of Scienceat Canoga Park (California) High School.He and his wife own the Jehiel DavisTravel Service and have taken their son-in­law into the business. Jehiel writes: "Inone year can forget the teaching on fullpension and give more to tours. Have agood program and a fine time. I can'tmake it. Maybe later."* Helen Dawley, cataloguer in the, Univer­sity Libraries, spent late April and earlyMay in California where she expected tosee several former Chicagoans.George MI.. Fister, MD '18, is a surgeonspecializing in urology in Ogden, Utah. Heworks with the local alumni organization."Have a good time and not many longspeeches."Ferne Gildersleve Clark lives in Portland.Oregon, where her husband is president ofMultnomah College. "We have a newhome and we can see Mt. Hood, Mt. St.Helens, and our fair city from our win­dows." She has held offices in the localChicago Club; is sorry not to be able toattend reunion but sends greetings.>:: Evelyn Hattis Fox lives in Oak Park.Her husband is a physician. "We have ayoung Israeli ward, a beautiful native borngirl who has a musical scholarship in Ch i­cago. She played with the Israeli Phil­harmonic Orchestra. A grove of trees wasdedicated in my honor in Israel." Evelynis an accomplished musician. She will beat reunion if she isn't in "the State ofIsrael for a summer course at HebrewUniversity."Helen Jeffery retired from college teach­ing at Compton, California, was married toDavid E. Taylor on June 13, 195 .. what'sthis? Her card says "Married June 13,1951." She must mean 1950 because shesigns" her name Helen Jeffery Taylor. Any­way they are living in San Francisco.A long fascinating letter from Elsie John�Frankfurter tells of a year-long trip abroadwhile her husband was with the E.C.A. It'sa depressing story of need in Europe. Theyare living in Great Neck, Long Island andhope to retire eventually to West PalmBeach, Florida, where "If we have 10 centsleft, we'll en tertain anyone who comes ourway and says he belongs to the best classever to leave the campus-old 1916."::' Bessie Lane Roelke has retired as aChicago school principal and lives in Evans­ton. Her husband is an editorial and ad­vertising executive.Grace C. Leininger is with a public ac­counting firm in Chicago.Ivah Lister Finstad lives in South Dakota,hopes to return for reunion and is looking­forward to more information. Her husbandis a "semi-retired rancher" with a privategreenhouse.* Vera Lund is still doing architecturalwork with D. D. Clary, Architect, in Chi­cago. She is taking a Caribbean cruise inMay but will be back for the reunion.::: Fame Mallory Engle lives in Chicago.She has three sons-two Eagle Scouts andone, a graduate of the Naval Academy andnow on the S.S. Manchester in Korean:waters.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJames F. Page, AM '17, is professor emeri­tus of sociology, Oklahoma A. & M. College,Stillwater.Merlin M. Paine, a social worker in SanDiego, California, writes: "Wife runs thefamily, the PTA, the church, the CampFire Girls, etc. . . . I just married offmy oldest daughter. Three more to go."Dr. Maxwell G. Park is professor of edu­cation at New York State Teachers College,Cortland, New York.::: Sidney A. Portis, MD '18, is a physicianin Chicago.Amelia M. Racy is a teacher in St. Louis.John M. Ratcliff, AM '19, is dean of theSchool of Religion at Tufts College, inMassach usetts.Beulah Rinehart teaches English in aFort Wayne high school. "My school closesthat day."Katherine Roger, AM '38, is an assistantprofessor of social welfare administrationat the University of Illinois in Urbana.Leona E. Ruppel of Iowa City writes: "Jmanage to Keep busy li'e1pmg in my sister'shome and doing extensive calling on shut­ins and hospital patients. My interest inmissionary enterprises and world affairscontinues." A niece is being graduatedfrom U. of Iowa on June 8. Otherwiseshe would be present for reunion.Laurence E. Salisbury: "I no longer livein New York but am in the country-re­tired. Address Higganum, Conn."::: Joseph L. Samuels is treasurer of Doug­las Lumber Company, Chicago, and secre­tary of the Speed-O-Print Corp. Son Wil·liam is class of 1950.Gertrude Smith, AM '17, PhD '21, chair­man of the department of Greek at Chi­cago, spent 1949-50 as the annual professorat the American School of Classical Studiesin Athens, Greece.Carol H. Snyder, AM '26, teaches Eng­lish in East High School in Des Moines,Iowa.':: Denton H. Sparks is president of theA. C. McClurg Company, Chicago.':: Kathleen Steinbauer Spaulding lives inUrbana, Illinois. Her husband is a chem­ical engineer-consultant.Claire Votaw's husband, Eugene Fager, ismanager of the industrial department ofthe Dearborn Chemical Company, Chicago.They live in Mundelein, I1linois. "We likerural life very much indeed. Our two sonsare grown and married."::: Percy E. Wagner, of Flossmoor, Illinois,has been appointed, chairman of the ex­aming committee of the real estate divisionfor the State of Illinois, department ofregistration and education. He will beteaching appraising at Harvard Universityduring August of this year. "One daughtermarried ... vacationed in Guatemala thisyear.">:< Laura Walter teaches mathematics atMorgan Park High School, Chicago.Herman O. Weishaar, MD '18, lives inWilmette. He is practicing general surgeryand obstetrics.Raymond Wilson is plant manager of theLehigh Portland Cement Company, UnionBridge, Maryland.Zoe Winn Winters, whose husband is aretired doctor in ill health, writes fromBurlington, Illinois: "To get 20 years ofteaching to my credit for a pension is mygoal. Looks as if I'll make it."Margaret Wood Robinson is editor of theSt. Francisville, La., Democrat, publishedby her husband. Her son was graduatedin journalism from L.S.U. Her daughteris a senior at Wisconsin and there is a sonin the army.MAY, 1951 Edith Wren Whiteney, SM '16, lives inClaremont, California, where her husbandis on the faculty of Pomona College. Theyhave four children and two grandchildrenand are "headed for Europe this summerwith two sons."1917Florence O. Austin, MD '18, is a psychia­trist at the Veteran's Administration Hos­pital in Los Angeles. She recently returnedfrom a trip to Europe where she attendedthe International Congress of Psychiatryheld in Paris in September, 1950.1921Thirtieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 86 report they plan to return­indicated by asterisk ('::) before thename.Samuel K. Allison, PhD '23, is professorof physics and director of the Institute forNuclear Studies at the University. He wason the varsity swimming squad all threeyears.Vera Edelstadt Kraus and her husbandare both authors. He is professor of his­tory at City College of New York and Co­lumbia with a number of history volumesto his credit. She has written A SteamShovel for Me (Lippincott); Black Magic,and Oceans in the Sky (Knopf); etc.Margery A. Ellis, AM '27, is assistantprofessor of French at Illinois State NormalUniversity.Frank L. Eversull, AM '27, professor ofeducation at Washington University, re­ceived the honorary degree of Doctor ofLaw from Elon (North Carolina) Collegefor "work done in higher education inKorea." In 1947, Dr. Eversull served aschief of colleges in Seoul, Korea.Emmeline Fricke has retired from teach­ing and is living in St. Petersburg, Florida.Donald W. Johnson, MD '22, is a physi­cian and surgeon in California. He livesat Pacific Palisades.William D. Johnston, Jr., is a geologistin Washington, D. C.Miss Dana Kelly has been teaching theblind since 1918 in Ogden, Utah. She isvery active in civic affairs: Drama Club,Eastern Star, A.A.U.W., Daughters of theAmerican Revolution. Her hobbies are artand travel. "Uncertain about being pres­ent at reunion."Meyer Roy Lichtenstein, MD '23, is chiefof the medical service of Chicago'S Mu­nicipal T. B. Sanatarium and assistant clin­ical professor of medicine at the Universityof Illinois Medical School.Martha McCoy's husband, E. H. Wright,is a judge of the circuit court in KansasCity, Missouri. They have a country homeat Blue Springs, Missouri, about ten miles _from the city.* Samuel J. Meyer, MD '24, is professorof ophthalmology and chairman of the de­partment at Chicago Medical School. He isalso attending ophthalmologist at MichaelReese Hospital, Illinois Eye and Ear Infirm­ary and the Highland Park Hosnital, Patsyis 9. Samuel was a varsity wrestler the lasttwo years.Charlotte Murray is a murder mysteryexpert with 17 hair raisers in print. Herlast two: Hand Me a Crime and BetweenUs and Evil. Her husband, Marcus T.Russell, is manager of the credit union ofJohn Deere Harvester, East Moline, Illi­nois. They have one daughter, 17.Bertha B. Needham lives in Chicago. Elton E. Richter, AM '22, has been onthe law faculty at Notre Dame Universitysince 1926.* In the Chicago law firm of Samuelsand Goodstein there are three U. of C.alumni: Leo S. Samuels, '21, son RichardLee Samuels, '44, JD '50, and William B.Goodstein, '34, JD '37.Laurentza Schantz-Hansen is professorand head of applied design at Purdue Uni­versity, Lafayette, Indiana.Harry Manuel Shulman is assistant pro­fessor of sociolozv and director of the com­munity service division in City College ofNew York. He was editor of Chanticleer,active on the Maroon, and president of theCosmopolitan Club.Alfred W. Simon, PhD '25, is associateprofessor of mechanics at Tulsa (Okla­homa) University.Franklin E. Vestal, SM, of Columbus,Miss., is a resident State Geologist, Missis­sippi Geological Survey, and was recentlyelected a fellow of the Geological Society ofAmerica.'i' From Howard K. Beale, '21, comes thisletter: "In 1948 I came from the Universityof North Carolina, where I had been aprofessor of history for 13 years, to a pro­fessorship of American History at the Uni­versity of Wisconsin."I am now at work on a biography ofTheodore Roosevelt to be published byDodd; Mead & Co. Last year the Univer­sity gave me a research leave which I spentin the Library of Congress working on thisproject."Last summer my wife, Georgia Robi­son, '26, AM '28, and I and our two eldersons spent motoring in Europe, visitingfriends in France, Switzerland, and Vienna.My oldest son, Howard, is in third grade,Henry, in second, and Thomas Wight isa year and one-half old."Both Mrs. Beale and I hope to cometo the reunion in June, her 25th and my30th. We have in our household a thirdholder of a Chicago degree, my father-in­law, Henry Barton Robison, PhD '07, whotook his PhD under President Harper."1922George C. Brook, AM '25, PhD '48, ofChicago, was nominated in February as di­rector of research and statistics for theboard of education. Prior to the appoint­ment, he was chairman of the business de­partment at Wright Junior College inChicago.Robert C. Matlock is the owner of theOwensboro (Kentucky) Plating Company.His daughter, Margaret, is in her secondyear at Denison University.1923Louis B. Butterfield, of Plainfield, NewJersey, is assistant superintendent of man­ufacturing engineering for Western Elec­tric Company, Kearny, New Jersey.1924Catherine F. Morgan, AM, (Mrs. Whit­more) is manager of Yonkers' millinery de­partment, Des Moines, Iowa.1925Dr. Lathan A. Crandall, Jr., is directorof medical research at Miles Laboratoriesin Elkhart, Indiana.James A. Hans of Chicago reports thearrival of Thomas Frederick Hans on Feb­ruary 20, 1951. "He will probably be inthe class ·of '72."27w. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANASALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKADVANCEENGRAVING COMPANYPhoto EngraversArtists - ElectrotypersMakers of printing plates426 S. Clinton HArrison 7-3440POND LETTER SERVICEEverythinl( in Letter.Hoov .. Type.rltl ••Multlgr.phlnlAddressoV.lph ..H Ivhelt Quality M Im80,,.,,II' ••Addru,'.,Malll·1Minimum ,., ....All Phones: 219 W. Chicago AvenueMI 2-8883 Chicago 10, IllinoisRESULTS ...depend on getting the details 81GH 1PRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service (or Direct Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Cb icago 5, Ill.WAbll",h 2-45111E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYfine Color Worle A Specialty731 Plymouth Cour.WAbash 2-8182CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3-3935,lGoofi Printin, 01 All Descriptio.,.,"28 Gerald N. Bench, of Des Plaines, Illinois,is a colonel with the First Cavalry Division.John J. DeBoer, AM, PhD '38, professorof education at the University of Illinois,has been elected president of the NationalConference on Research in English for1951-52. 1926Twenty-fifth Reunion June 8, 1951.To date 124 report they plan to re­turn-indicated by asterisk (*).Frances L. Beckwith is librarian of theMadison (Wisconsin) branch of the U. S.Department of Agriculture.* John W. Hibbott is with Bauer & Blackdivision of the Kendall Co. in Chicago. Bev­erly is a junior at Northwestern, Nancy is13, and Linda is eleven.Roy M. Hohman, MD '31, is a physicianand surgeon in Chicago. There is onegirl, 8, in the Hohman family.Mary Adams Hulbert is a consultant inthe department of individual guidance ofthe Oakland, California, public schools.Mary Monilaw Foringer lives in Dorado,Arkansas, where her husband is director ofindustrial relations with the Lion Oil Co.They have two daughters: Mary Jane, 13,and Nancy, five.,;, John A. Mourant, PhD '40, is professorof philosophy at Pennsylvania State Col­lege.Mrs. Marie Hajek Mudra is teacher ofjournalism and Engish at Farragut HighSchool, Chicago, and a free lance writer offeature, short story and juvenile biography.Her son is a graduate of Northwestern.She does book reviews, lectures to women'sclubs, and is a leader in the Great Booksprogram.::: Eleanor Rice Long lives in Bloomington,Indiana, where her husband is assistantdean of the Music School, Indiana Univer­sity. "After a lengthy career as a deanof girls, teacher, homemaker, USO pro­gram worker, teaching English compositionto veterans at I. U., I have now settleddown to raise our son, who has alreadywon a prize for being the youngest childborn to his father's class reunion at I. U.Definitely have a reunion. We have neverhad one."Florence A. Rice lives in Oak Park. Herhusband is Emile 0 .. Bloche, '24, )D '26, anattorney. They have three daughters: Jean,a senior at Coe College, Cedar Rapids,Iowa; Nancy, a senior at Colorado College,Colorado Springs; and Sue, in the eighthgrade.Lois E. Schilke teaches at Harper HighSchool in Chicago. She is also director ofmusic and youth work at Hope LutheranChurch. She has two daughters: Helen, 17;and Mildred (married), 24.Even before graduation, Helen M. Smithtaught home economics in East HighSchool, Wichita, Kansas. After graduationshe continued on that faculty until 1947,when she moved to Southern California.However she has now returned to Wichita.* A recent note from Harry Whang, indi­cates he is making plans to be back forhis 25th reunion June 8th. He has beenkept busy with speaking engagements sincehis return from Korea last June. Harrylives in Minneapolis, where he is in busi­ness.1927 1928Alexander Brodsky, of Glencoe, Illinois,is purchasing and merchandising managerof Allied Radio Corporation, Chicago.Margaret E. Knox, of Chicago, is man­agement engineer at Argonne Nat ion a 1Laboratory.1929Henry B, Dobson is manager of Swiftand Company's poultry plant in Center·ville, Iowa.John F. Renhult is personnel director forMuellers Baking Company in Grand Rap­. ids, Michigan.1930John D. Aihenhead, AM, is en the fac­ulty of the department of education of theUniversity of Alberta, Canada.1931Twentieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 130 report they p'an to return-indicated by asterisk (*) beforename.George Robert Bartlett, PhD '42, is auniversity professor in Gainesville, Florida.Effie Blair has retired from school teach­ing and is living in Chicago.Inez E. Bolin, AM, (Mrs. Reed Wall) isa social worker for the State Commissionfor the Blind, Charlotte, North Carolina.Pearl Calken sent her card in from Wat­seka, Illinois. No news.* Lucia Downing Hewitt lives in Brook­lyn, Michigan, where her husband is· anantique dealer. They have 4 children:Elizabeth, 13; Ann, 11; Nancy, 7; and Fred­rick, four.Anna Durning, of Hudson, Wisconsin, isa consultant in the social studies in seniorand junior high schools in St. Paul, Minne­sota.Charles M. Fish, of Orinda, California, issales manager of Uarco, Inc., Oakland.* William S. Friedman, a realtor in Chi­cago for 20 years, is married to Lilli�nLampert, '44. Brooks is 4 and Carol WIl­son approaching two. They live at 70 E.Cedar Street, Chicago.<Harriet C. Gastfield is retired from teach­ing and living in Highland Park, Ill.Frances R. Hallinan is the wife of Don­ald B. MacG uineas, '29, JD '31, a t tornevwith the Department of Justice living IIIBethesda, Maryland.Arthur C. Hornung, S·M '33, is a consult­ing geologist and owner of the 4-Le�fClover Motel in Billings, Montana. H!Sson, Gilbert, is a student at Chicago. HISdaughter is married and living in Astoria,Oregon.Frances R. Kamin teaches in the elemen­tary schools of Chicago.Stanley Kaplan, JD '33, is a lawyer prac­ticing in Chicago.A note from Dale A. Letts, JD '35, regretshe can't be at the June reunion. He onlyrecently joined the Schlumberger Well Sur­veying Corporation, Houston, Texas. fieis enthusiastic about Houston, the company,and the secretary-treaurer, Elliot A. John­son, '28, JD '31. His wife, Louise, David, 4,and Sarah, 2, will join him in September.He sends "good wishes to all of '31."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEI: Charles W. Marshal!, S1\-I '33, PhD '49,is a research chemist living in Skokie, Ill i-ois,';, Olgo Massias, AM '45, lives in Chicago�vhere her husband, John C. Gekas, JD '19,is an attorney. They have three children:l'hemis, 8; Costas, 4, and Niki, one.I Anna E. Miller, AM, has retired fromteaching "due to an automobile accident"and is living in Dallas, Texas.Phyllis R. Osborn, AM,. is ass�ciate p:o­fessor in the school of social service admin­istration at Chicago.':: Sarah E. Porter is a child welfare con­SUltant for the state of Kentucky. Herhusband, C. A. Goodman, Jr., owns andloperates a chain of laundries. They live inGlasgow, Kentucky. Their son is 12.Margaret M. Prentice returne� fromChina in January and is now workmg as anUrse in Huntington Park, California.Emily De Sylvester, SM '32, lives in Davis,California where her husband, F. P.Zscheile, i� professor of agronomy with theDniversity of California. Reunion: "Toofar away."Wilhelmina Shevely has retired fromschool teaching and is living in Indianapo­lis,* Frances Taylor lives in Lombard, Illi­nOis. Her husband, Russell Velde, is altlanufacturer-electronic heat sealing.':: Mabel M. Tredennick, AM '39, has beenteaching in Oak Park since she received herfirst degree in 1931.':: Carolyn Wills, SM '43, lives in Oak Park,Illinois. Business: "Teacher."1933Lou Williams, SM '35, PhD '47, and herhusband, Thornton L. Page, of Williamsnay, Wisconsin, have a daughter, MaryAnne, born December 22, 1950.1934William H. Bessey is with the CarnegieInstitute of Technology in Pittsburgh. Hissecond daughter, Karen Elizabeth, was bornJllly 27, 1950.Harold W. Huff, JD '36, has been ad­ltlitted to the general partnership of thelaw firm of Eckert, Peterson and Leeming,Chicago.Wilson O. Koehnlein is a statistician insales analysis for Davee, Koehnlein andKeating, Chicago.1935Philip J. Green, PhD, is professor of his­tory at Queens College, Charlotte, NorthCarolina.Richard V. Henry, Jr., was made a part­ner this year with law firm of Eckert, Peter­son, and Leeming, Chicago.Captain James R. Kingham, AM '38,D.S.M.C.R. is with a military observergroup of the United Nations assisting insUpervising the truce in Palestine.Rev. Vernon H. MacNeill, of Springfield,lilinois, is executive secretary of the IllinoisCouncil of Churches.1936. Richard N. Ely, of Ft. Lauderdale, Flor­Ida, is the owner of Refrigerated ProductsCorporation in Muncie, Indiana.Major Leif B. Erickson, of Helena, Mon­tana, is with the Counter Intelligence Corps\vith the U. S. Forces in Austria.Evelyn R. Garbe, SM '37, is chairman ofthe mathematics department at AntiochCollege, Yellow Springs, Ohio. She is vice-MAY, 1951 president of the local AAUW branch."Have become 'crafty'-work in the ceram­ics, block printing, weaving, woodwork andmetal and jewelry 'creative workshops' atAntioch."1937Ramona Backus, AM, was married to JayBlackman on October 14, 1950. They livein Lincoln, Nebraska.Marguerite E. Bradford's daughter, LindaJean, was born November 22, 1950. Sheand her husband, Alfred. S. Rosenfelder,live in Chicago.David M. Grayson, AM '47, his wife,Rebecca Medway, '34, AM '38, and smallson Stanley, have moved from Chicago toOmaha where David is now director of theJewish Family Social Service agency. Theirnew address: 1925 S. 40th Street.Stephen S. Kane, PhD '41, and ThelmaN. Blum, '45, announce the arrival of Rob­ert Sheldon, February 26, 1951. Robert hasa brother, Paul, who is three. The Kaneslive in Monterey, California.Louis M. Thompson is youth counselorof the City of Kingsport (Tennessee).1938Robert C. Adair, of Dyer, Indiana, ispresident of radio station WJOll in Ham­mond, Indiana.Philip L. Metzger, AM '39, is supervisorof employment and labor relations with. theKansas City (Missouri) 'Power and LIghtCompany.Dr. Herbert P. Steinmeyer, SM '43, is anoral surgeon in Wichita, Kansas.1939Blair S. Ruben is a' merchant in Dalton,Georgia.Leo Seren, PhD '42, who was teaching atFlorida State University, was called to theNaval Research Laboratory in Washington,D. C., early in the year, where he is nowworking.1940Paul B. Newman, of Chicago received hisA. M. degree from the State University ofIowa on February 3, 1951.William H. Waite, PhD, is professor ofeducation at State Teachers College, Flor­ence, Alabama.1941Tenth Reunion June 8, 1951. 106 report they plan to return-indicated by asterisk (*) before thename.Robert I. Barickman, Jr., MD '44, is aphysician at Muncie Clinic, Muncie, Indi­ana.* Reba E. Choate, AM '42, is director offield work at the University of TorontoSchool of Social Work.William CoIner is a research metallurgistin Chicago at Armour Research Founda­tion. He has his master's from Illinois In­stitute of Technology. Bernice Goldsmith,'42, is his wife. Jonathan is a year old .John H. Cooper, SM, is chairman of thebiology department of the College of Edu­cation and Industrial Arts, Wilberforce,Ohio.* John H. Cover, Jr., is a physicist withthe Naval Ordnance Test Station, ChinaLake, California. He has three children,Stephen, 4; John B., 3, and Dianne, 9months. 3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince 19201442 and 1331 E. 9th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYw. cull lorand d"lit.r3 -HOUR SERVICEBII�CK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380,--------------------------------1SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 99 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stocle23 N. Wabash AvenueChicagoWHOLESALEBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.OAkland 4-0492•Auto Livery•Quief, unobtrusive serviceWhen you want it, as you want it .CALL AN EMER Y flRSlEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4-6400 RETAIL29Real Estate and In&urance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-25254uteUitHNt.Ducrs�UCJ'RICAL SUPPLY CO.Olstrlbuton. Mlnutlclulels lod Jabbers alELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewood 4-7500Phones OAklans 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awning •. and Canopi •• for All PUlpO •••4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBolick Water Valves, Sumps-Pumpi1545 E. 63RD STREE16620 corr AGE GROVE AVENUEFAlrfu 4.05110PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICEI S45 EAST 631D STlrt:El�I· .. :a __.X4eCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324· Woodlawn Ave.Phone .HYde Park 3-6324Lunches: 45c up; Dinners: $1.25-$2.25SinceJ895SURGEONS'INSTRUMENTSof ALL TYPESOFFICE and HOSPITALEQUIPMENT and FURNITUREAll Phones: SEeley 3·2J80V. MUELLER & CO.340 S. HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS30 William A. Earle is an instructor ofphilosophy at Northwestern University.When asked for the name of the personwho could always know his address, phi­losopher Earle replied: "Only the AbsoluteMind would know this, and he has noaddress." We have to admit he has apoint.* Henry R. Gass is an accountant livingin Berwyn, Illinois.Joseph· A. Greenwald is in the Depart­ment of State and lives at Silver Spring,Maryland.* Frank J. Harrison, Jr., JD '47, is anattorney in the trust department of theChicago Title and Trust Co. He was mar­ried last December to Shirley A. Summer­has, AM '49.Clifton G. Hoffman is minister of theUnitarian Memorial Church in Fairhaven,Mass.Alexander R. Jacoby, SM '42, PhD '46, isa professor at Rutgers University, NewBrunswick, N. J.Rev. Fred J. Jackson, AM, and his wifeHelen, of Smithville, Ontario, Canada, havea son, John Roger, born February 10, 1951.Evelyn Fickler Kasdan, AM '43, is a med­ical social consultant with the New YorkCity Health Department. Her husband,Norman Cooper, is a physician.Gordon F. Koch is in the wholesale ply­wood and lumber business in Buffalo. Helives in East Aurora, New York. "Threechildren and 13-room house to look after."Marie Martz lives in Chicago where herhusband, Albert Goldstein, '41, is an internat Presbyterian Hospital. They have adaughter, Debora, born September 3, 1950.* Elizabeth McElvain writes from LongIsland: "Moving back to Chicago thisspring. Am looking forward to attendingthe reunion." Her husband, Emil F. Jarz,'38, has recently accepted a top positionwith Mandel Brothers.David L. Rubinfine, MD '41, is practicingpsychiatry in New York City.John R. Russess, SM '42, MD '45, is aphysician and surgeon with the BaptistMemorial Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee.* Mrs. Hazel I. M. Schmidt lives in Chi­cago. She reports that she is an "editor,secretary, and free lance writer."* S. l\laren Sharvy, AM '48, is teachingin Chicago.Edward F. Skinner does textile financingin Charlotte, North Carolina. He is thesouthern representative for Meinhard,Creebb and Company.John Paul Stephens is practicing law inChicago.Maurice K. Strantz is an economist withthe Bureau of Reclamation in Sacramento,California. "Would like a reunion butwas back in December and doubt if I canmake it again so soon. The construction[on campus] 'was impressive.Dale Tellery is a psychologist and direc­tor of student activities at Contra CostaJunior College, Richmond, California.James B. Watson, AM '45, PhD '48, andwife, Virginia Drew, AM '43, live in St.Louis where he is associate professor ofanthropology at Washington University.Marian Castleman (Skedgell), MA, andher advertising executive husband live inGreenwich Village with their son John,age one and a half. She reports she is stillediting books for publishers.Robert B. Gooden is studying at theAmerican Institute for Foreign Trade atThunderbird, Phoenix, Arizona, in prep­aration for a career in American business1942 T .Iephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLGolden Dirilyte(forffl,rly Dirigoltl)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrysbL Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDiriqo, 1111:.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, JII.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETELEVISIONDrop in and see a proqrernRADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shopELECTRICAL APPLIANCES! Refrigerators RangesI Washers BlanketsSPORTING GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSFine P��II���i��Io�o��ifdrenHER 1IJ1IAI!\\I�5935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler. '33Telephone HAy�arket 1-3120t A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesD .. r"buron 01CEDERGREEN fROZEN �RESH fRUITS ANDVEGETABLES"b-.04S South Water MarketLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoO,h., P'a,,";80,ton - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracus. -"You Mig'" A. W.II "av. Tit. 8 •• t"Old.-fashionedgoodness .. aNew creamysmoothness!Same rich flavor as ice cream made in anold-fashioned freezer, blended to newcreamy smoothness-that's Swift's Ice Cream![Swift & CompanyA product of 7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-7400MAY, 1951 or government abroad. He' has been em­ployed by the E. R. Squibb & Sons andis on leave of absence .to attend the Insti­tute.Joseph E. Meritt, Jr., MD, is a physicianin Las Cruces, New Mexico.1947Fred Berthold, Jr., DB, of Plainfield.New Hampshire, is with the department ofReligion at Dartmouth College, Hanover,New Hampshire. ,LuVeme E. Engelbrecht, AM, was mar­ried to Robert Buchele, a graduate studentin business administration, October 6, 1950.They are living in Hammond where she isteaching in the schools.Jessica Josephine House, SB, '48, andMarkham J. McEnroe, AM '48, of Washing­ton, D. C., announce the arrival of PaulJoseph, December 19, 1950.Bernice C. Lebowich has announced herengagement to H. B. Bernstein of Lawr­ence, Long Island. They plan a June wed­ding and will live in Philadelphia whereMr. Bernstein is taking his doctorate inpsychology . 1943Margaret E. Best, AM, is a Red Crossfield director at the Fort Dix (New Jersey)Army Hospital.Claire E. Censky, AM, has moved fromChicago and is now living in New VIm,Minnesota.Margaret H. Scott, AM, of Richland Cen­ter, Wisconsin, is a librarian at Talladega(Alabama), College.1944Walter Lawrence, Jr., MD '48, is a Fel­low in Surgery at Memorial Hospital, NewYork City.George R. Schreiber and his wife, VevaJ. Hopkins, announce the birth of theirson, George, III, on February 1, 1951.1945Charles H. Kahn, AM, '48, was marriedto Miss Denise Bouvy in Paris, France, onFebruary 10, 1951. Charles has been study­ing at the Sorbonne for two years. Heand his bride will return to the States inSeptember after an extended honeymoon inGreece.Jean A. McDonnell is administrative as­sistant at Argonne National Laboratory.Her husband, S. Wallace Gilbert, MBA '49,is with the commercial research departmentof Armour and Company, Chicago.Lotte. C. Wo!f, SB '47, of Kew GardenHills, New York, was married to Gilbert B.Stein on September 4, 1950.• 1946Edward S. Marshall, AM, of Cedar Rap­ids, Iowa, received his PhD degree from theState University of Iowa on February 3,1951.Lt. Frank G. Mangin, a member of PsiUpsilon, left in March with the 40th Divi­sion of the Army for Japan .Betty L. Power, AM, of New Augusta,Indiana, is a caseworker in the social serv­ice department at Indiana University Med­ical Center in Indianapolis. "At present,I work almost entirely with the cancer pa­tients." She is also a field work instructorfor that University'S division of social servoice.Arthur M. Wiesender, of Berlin, Wiscon­sin, is a farm manager in Green Lake, Wis­consin.Carol L. Wright, of Chicago, was marriedto Stanley Tennenbaum, '45, in May, 1950.• TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMUseum 4-4500A',oGuaranleed Used Cars andComplele Aulomohile Repair.Body. Painl. Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsT. A. REHNQUIST CO.EST. 1929CONCRETEFLOORS - SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAIR WORKCONCRETE BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WALLS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7-0433BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendantsBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful living to Uni­versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLata 2-331 3Verna P. Werner, Director31RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. J.ckson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6·3 192TuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3-4404GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting-Decorating-Wood Finishing3123Lake Street PhoneKEdzie 3-3186HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKendCEMENT WORK·REPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579TELEPDONE TAylor B-MIU50' CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN STP hones SAginaw J -3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeak. RepairedFree Edimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.7711 Luella Ave.32 Meyer Rubin, SM '49, is with the mili­tary geology section of the U. S. Geologi�alSurvey in Washington, D. C. The Rubinslive in Alexandria, Virginia. Their son,Robert, was born February 10, 1951, tojoin Ronnie, 3Y2 years old.Raymond J. Sampson was married toMary S. Tymosko O'n December 30, 1950.Raymond is head of the property recorddepartment of the Michigan Gas and Elec­tric Company in Three Rivers, Michigan.Irving Swenson, LLB '50, is an attorneywith the firm of Eckert, Peterson andLeeming, Chicago.Robert Gemmer, DB, who lives in Indi­anapolis, is national chairman of AmericanYouth for Political Action, a world gov­ernmental organization. He and his wifeMyrna Jean spent much of last year trav­eling in Europe, but they returned to theStates for the birth of David Robert onJanuary 28th.George J. Bartel, MBA, is a hospitaladministrator in Montreal, Canada.Jeanne M; Grawoig of Chicago and Nor-_./man L. Pinkert, SB, of Winnetka, are tobe married on May 6, 1951.Jerald E. Jackson, JD, is an attorney withthe firm of LeForgee, Samuels and Miller,Decatur, Illinois.Laurel E. Karges, MD, is a physician atItasca Clinic, Grand Rapids, Minnesota.Herbert Lederer, MA, instructor of Ger­n;tan in the College, became the father of10 lb. 13 oz. George Kenneth on February12.Dr. Clifford L. Peasley entered privatepractice with a group of four other doctorsin Portland, Oregon, in August, 1950.Warren A Peterson, AM, is a sociologistfor Community Studies, Inc., Kansas City,Missouri.. Paul C. Redmer is stationed at PerrinAir Force Base, Texas.Harvey D. Tschirgi, MBA, is a researchassistant in the Industrial Relations Centerof the University of Minnesota while com­pleting his work on a Ph.D.1948Joan Beaury, AM, of Edgewater, NewJersey, was married to Newton Robbinson May 6, 1950. Joan is a secretary inNew York City.Janet E. Benson will be married to E.Donald Kaye, '49, in June at 'Monterey,California, where he is stationed as a mem­ber of the Army Language School.Mrs. Marjorie F. Bock, of Berkeley, Cali­fornia, is studying at the University ofCalifornia.Samuel P. Huntington, AM, of NewYork City, received his Ph.D. degree fromHarvard University in March, 1951.Brunhilde Metlay, AM, of New YorkCity, was married to Jesse Goodman onOctober 10, 1950. She is a social worker.for the Jersey City (New Jersey) FamilyService.Beverly R. Simek was married to RichardE. Wendt, Jr., February 4, 1951. They livein Urbana, Illinois.Clara B. Strong, of Tallahassee, Florida,was married to \V. A. Anderson December22, 1950. Clara is a nursing instructor atFlorida A and M College.Ruth M. Werner, AM, is a social worksupervisor for the State Division of ChildWelfare and Youth Service in Madison,Wisconsin.Tu Cheng Yeh, PhD, is a meteorologistat the Geophysical Institute in Pei-Chi-Ke,Nanking, China.1949 CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency68th YearNationwide ServiceFive Office�-One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd .. ChicagoMinntlapolis-Kansa. City. Mo.Spokan.-N.w YorkI �-----------------------�AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON 80ULEVARDCHICAGO.� Hureau of Placement wblch llmlts It�wurk to tile unIversity 'and college Held.It Is atTlIiated with the Flak TeachP11Agency of Chicago, whose work covers ,IIthe educational fields. Both orgaDllall(lJl�assist In the appointment of admlnl8trlltHr�liS well. Il8 of teachers.Our service Is nanon-wtde.-----------------------------�SlnC. 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyI he besl in plac.emenl service for UniversityColleqe, Secondary and Elementary. Nationwide pat,onAQe. Call or write us at25 E. Jockson BlvdChicogo 4. "lin ru uew, "pl"edr ui.u-hiue -hur t hu ud , I.t'�'.",rllr!. 1111 l"nllllped lill;!er;; 01" nervous fali;.{lle..\1-0 ul her cour-es : Trpill�. Book"t'ep�II.l!.(·"1111'101111'1 r y. 1'1 c. 1);1 r or event II;:". rOllof,rr» il,. (lr /,/itllle for duln,Bryant� StrattonCO�EGE18 S. MICHIGAN AVE. Tel. RAndnlJlh 6_1575Local andLong Distance MovingStorage Facilities for Books,Record Cabinets, Trunks. orCarloads of FurniturePeterson FireproofWarehouse, Inc •1011 East Fifty-fifth StreetBUtterfield 8-6711DAVID L. SUTTON, PresidentTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCeNTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DElIVE�SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, bad of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.Men and V, "menLOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' experienceAlsoGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATIONEASTMAN COAL CO.Esta blished 1902Yards All Over TownQUALITY COALS AND FUEL OILSGeneral Offices342 N. Oakley Blvd.All Phones - SEeley 3-4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chiceqo Ave.Phone: BUtte;field 8-2116-7-8-9Wallon'l Coal Makel Good--or­Wallbn Doel2801 W. 47TH ST •• CHICAGO. Fred Winsberg is an insurance brokerat 39 S. La Salle, Chicago.Paul S. Weiner, AM, is with the psychol­ogy division of the Illinois NeuropsychiatricInstitute, Chicago.1950Frederic M. Vogelsang, of Manitowoc,Wisconsin, is studying at the University ofWisconsin.Blanche A. Herron, MBA, has movedfrom Chicago to New UIm, Minnesota.John L. Swaim, MBA, is a builder con­tractor in Champaign, Illinois.Bradford A. Camfield, MD '94, died Aug­ust 31, 1950 in Chicago.John B. Curtis, '95, AM '96, died at theage of 80 on February 17, 1951, while vis­iting a relative in Gary" Indiana. Johnlost his sight in boyhood and dedicatedhis career to the cause of the blind. Heserved as an instructor at the IllinoisSchool for Blind from 1897 to 1900 whenhe joined the board of education to inaugu­rate and supervise an educational programfor the blind. After his retirement in 1936,he became educational consultant in mathe­matics, history and science for the Ameri­can Printing House for the Blind. In 1945he was awarded the Migel medal for hisou tstanding services, and in 1948 becamechairman of the international committeeon Braille and mathematical notation.Henry A. Fisk, DB '95, died October 23,1950, in Los Angeles, California.Arthur Taber Jones, '99, passed awayon February 8, 1951. His wife, Jane RachelJohnson, '01, remains at Northampton,Massachusetts.LuVerne H. Cutting, '06, of Kansas City,died on February 13, 1951.Frank S. Lovewell, '06, of West Newton,Massachusetts, died on February 11, 1951.Edwin C. Lewis, who took work in theLaw School around 1906, died on March 16,1951. He was a member of the firm ofLewis and Watkins, Detroit.Maurie E. Wendell, '08, PhM '09, (Mrs.M. E. Woodard) died in January, 1951, inTopeka, Kansas.Dr. Fred M. Drennan, '10, SM '12, MD'13, of Chicago died of a heart attack inAugust, 1950.Arthur R. Wolfe, JD '14, died December27, 1950, in Kansas City, Missouri.Henry J. MacFarland, who did work atthe University around 1917, died February2, 1951, at the age of 55, in his home inNorthfield, Illinois. He was a trustee ofChicago Memorial Hospital and a memberof the University Club of Chicago.Mrs. Wi!liam H. Soutter, '24, AM '28,died in St. Petersburg, Florida on February21, 1951. Services were held in Chicago,where she was born in 1892.Mary A. Plumb, AM '26, died August 18,1950, in Harrisonville, Missouri.Philip H. Riley, '31, died November 5,1950, at his home in South Bend, Indiana.He was professor of Spanish at Notre DameUniversity.Ramah Guthrie Coburn, '32, died sud­denly in Florida March 12, 1951.Joseph A. Farmer, MD '40, died June 28,19!10, in Hartford, Connecticut. BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEUCENSED ,. BONDEDINSUREDQUAUFIED WELDER'SHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S, Western Ave .. ChicoQoS'nce 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180ASH]IAN BROS., Inc.laTA.LlIHID InlOrien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 Soutb Chicalo Phone REgent 4-6000�A. T. STEWART lUMBER CO.Quality and ServiceSince 188879th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones VI ncennes 6-9000Platers- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD, SILVER, RHODIUMSILVERWARE•• palr.d, •• 6.' .... d, •• Iacqu.r."SWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChlcaQoAjax Waste Paper Co.1001 W. North Ave.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, CR 7-2668����---------------------------------------------------They asked me . . ."Can you makethe grade?"Because I wanted a business of my own with no lid onearnings, I left a sales manager's job at the age of 40 togo into life insurance. But like anyone entering a newfield, I wondered whether I could make the grade.There are some who think I did make it ". In anyevent, many have asked me how best to get a good startin life insurance selling.l\\ost important, Pd say, is to choose a companythat wants to be sure you will make the grade-that(r) screens applicants carefully, and (2) thoroughly fitsa new man for a successful career.These two factors (plus a plan that supports youwhile you are just learning) are leading many ambitiousyounger men to New England Mutual today. The com­pany giyes each man three separate screening tests beforetaking him on. Just being able to pass those tests givesyou confidence.'My own education began immediately and continuedfor several years while I was working. It goes about likethis. First comes basic training in your agency, combin­ing theory and field work. After selling insurance for afew months, you qualify for the comprehensive HomeOffice' course given in Boston, with all expenses paid byyour general agent and the company.Next "you'll take up Coordinated Estates-the pro­fessional approach to selling and servicing life insurance.Then, as you are ready for it, comes Adyanced Under­writing, which covers business uses of life insurance, andrelates insurance to wills, trusts, and estate planning,and to' taxation problems-income, estate and inherit- ance. I jumped into this as soon as I could, and foundit of tremendous help in dealing with business and per­sonal cases involving substantial amounts of insurance.Your final step, although I happened to take minepretty early in the game, will be to study for your CL Udesignation, which is comparable to the CPA in account­ing. You will profit from this study, as I have, and fromthe company's regular bulletins on. new tax and estatelaws suggesting valuable sales applications.From experience I know a man can get ahead fasterin a company with a sound training program. A thou­sand New England Mutual fieldmen from here to Hono­lulu will testify to this.Finally, I know I've done better in life insurance thanI might have in my former work. There are a great.many other New England Mutual representatives whohave done at least as well or a lot better than I've done.I'm glad to have the opportunity to tell the story for them.C.L.U.* Life and Qualifying member-MiLlion Dollar Round TableLife and Qualifying member-New England l!lufual Leaders' A.r.rn.For more information about thorough training courses that raiseincomes and build successful careers, write Mr. H. C. Chaney,Director of Agencies, 501 Boylston St., Boston 17, Massachusetts.The NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYThese University of Chicago men· are New England Mutual representatives:Harry Benner, 'I I, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34,. Chicago James M. Banghart, '41, San FranciscoJohn R. Downs, '46, ChicagoThey c:an give you expert c:ounsel on uniquely liberal and flexible New England Mutual life insuranc:e that's tailored to fit your family's needS.