ALUMNI CLUB DIRECTORYSo many of our University of Chicago Clubs have not beenreactivated since W orId War II (how high do we go with theseRoman numerals!) that the following list of club officers maynot be complete or completely accurate. But this gives us a starton a club directory and we will welcome additions or corrections.List of Active Alumni ClubsLOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIAPresident. Mr. Delvy T. Walton\. '24\SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREAS, CALIFORNIAPresident Philip Rutter Lawrence, '40Vice President Edward Fr'iend, '43Treasurer Miss Nancy Leberman, '46Recording Secretary Mrs. L. B. Patterson, '21Corresponding Secretary Miss Nancy Newman, '42DENVER, COLORADOPresident John L. Garrison, '15Secretary-Treasurer Mrs. Philip C. Klingsmith, '48Corresponding Secretary. Mrs. Edward 'V. Milligan, '06Program & Publicity A. R. .Mortimer, '36Student Liason Leslie A. Gross, '46WASHINGTON, D. C.President. Miss Katherine A. Frederic, '40Vice Presidents Robert G. Nunn, Jr., '42Mrs. Allen Manvel, '35, Dr. Helen M. Strong, '21Treasurer Edwin M. Duerbeck, '34Assistant Treasurer Willis H. Shapley, '38Secretary James R. Sharp, '34ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDAPresident Roy B. Nelson, '01WINTER PARK-ORLANDO, FLORIDAChairman <, Dr. George R. Crisler, '24SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOISPresident. : ., , .. ; Carrol C. Hall, '37Secr�tary-Treasurer , Miss Lucy Williams, '17GARY, INDIANAPresident ': " Clarence. P. Freeman, '13DA VENPOR T, lOW APresident. : Mr. Gifford Mast, '35Vice President , .. \ George O. Bollman, '33Secretary-Treasurer Dr .. Henrietta N aes�t1' '3tDETROIT, MICHIGANPresident. Mr. W. W. Visscher, '14Vice President .. ,., H. Edmund Platt, '47Secretary- Treasurer , . , .. :Miss Helen \Vade, '48ST. LOUIS, MISSOURIPresident Judge Ivan Lee Holt, Jr., '35Vice President .. , . , .\ Harold Hecker, '09Treasurer , . .. . J. Leonard Schermer, '39Secretary , , , Richard M. Stout, '43 NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK.President : . Milton Desenberg, '19Exectuive Committee .Robert H. Bethke, '37Marguerite de Grasse, '20Miss Mary Ella Hopkins, '47Ellmore C. Patterson, '35Mrs. Mona Troub Gratenstein, '44, CLEVELAND, OHIO, •• :-} I President. O. Crandall 'Rogers, '20, I Vice President Miss Helen Gowdy, '27Treasurer , Miss Sue Smith, '254 Secretary , Miss Ednah H. Jurey, '25DAYTON, OHIOPresident , .. , .. Henry Otto, '27PORTLAND, OREGONPresident. , , .. Dexter Fairbank, '35Vice President Robert L. Weiss, '48Secretary Miss Elsie Maxwell, '28Treasurer , Mr. Carey Martin, '16PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIAPresident. Father Peter J. Paul, '47Treasurer , .. , . , . , , Harold S. Laden, '27Secretary MrS'. J. Boyd Knepper, '26SAL T LAKE CITY, UTAHPresident LDr. George A. Cochran, M. D. (Rush), '17Vice President , .. T. Edgar Lyon, '32Secretary-Treasurer Miss Eleanor Volberding, '36SEA TTLE, WASHINGTONPresident , Sherrick T. KernolI, '43Vice President , , . Dr. Donald McDonald, '42Secretary-Treasurer .. ' " Richard C. Reed, '43Executive Committee Dr. Henry Harkins, '25George B. Rigg, '14Mrs. Lewis J. Ferrell, '3.0MILWAUKEE, WISCONSINPresident. , .. Fred D. Jenkins, '36TOKYO, JAPANTreasurer ,, Hidejiro Okuda, '16PHILIPPINE ISLANDSPresident , . , .. Dr. Cecilio Putong, '37Secretary .. ' , , , Ciriaco B. Raval, '23"II.utchins out"This was the scare headline on a recent�faroon, exhausting all copies by earlyternoon.. l'he next line, so small that most missedIt: "to lunch."The few back stage who knew the factswere startled. But no Maroon editor sus­�ectecl he had a real scoop until 5 P.M.,tlesday, December 19th.At the regular monthly meeting of the�Ouncil of the Senate. (faculty rulingOdy) , Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins�nnOunced that the Board of Trustees hadiust accepted his resignation to take effect�ne 30, 1951, with a six-month leave ofa sence heginning January 1, 1951.1\1:1'. Hutchins will become associate di­rector of the Ford Foundation, underahllnnus and former Trustee Paul G. Hoff­(an; With headquarters at Pasadena: Ca�i-01'nla. This is the largest foundation mthe philanthropic field and it aims at "the6dvancement, of the ideals and principlesf democracy."h PreSident Ernest C: Colwell will perform� e duties of chancellor until a successorIS selected.Our February issue will carry more de­tai�s. We stopped the presses only for thisqUIck announcement.Alulllni Guests. �he Saturday morning before Thanks­givIng We were having our breakfast coffee��en the telephone rang. It was Paul E.IZZard, '41, He, his wife and two young­��ts. had driven all night from Nitro, Westb IrglOia. They were on their way to visit. abrother in Minneapolis and his home inUluth for Thanksgiving week.t �e and the family were at the Adminis­dation Building where Guy Lyman, B. and.. Inspector of Service, found them inspect­:ng the new building. Lyman insisted thatVe Would be disappointed if they. didn'tcall Us (the truth) .th We met them at Alumni Lounge, locatedsr ern at a south side hotel, and got themartecl on a sight seeing tour of Pa�l is doing all right as a researcheh ern�st in an up and coming plastic an.dal ernlcal company, Ohio-Apex, Inc. He ISSo an enthusiastic Chicago booster ..lOther recent visitors to Alumni House:I' ohn D. McKee, AM '35, alumni and pub-tic relations director at the College of .Woos-et Oh' '1 .a' 10. John and farni y were startmg onon across-the-nation, nine-month tour torWnize Wooster alumni clubs and atherine White Hotchkiss., '16, was in] o� Redlands, California. She was withessIe Heckman Hirschl, ' tice Zucker, '37, dropped in on her way1)f os Angeles where she is now in chargeQ t?e local office of The Great Books Foun-alIon, 3305 Wilshire C�auncy S. Burr, '07, from Berkeley, Cali­ft�nla, Was in the Midwest visiting withthlends and relatives. He is retired from\v e Railway Mail Service. Chauncy hasit�t�ecl. our Alumni Foundation fromeg1nnmg.o/¥nes C. Colvin, no alumnus but editortabl ?e Illinois Alumni News, a 16-pag:eto ,old. He has a column called The Edl­te; S Note Book and we get together at in-"a Is to exchange column compliments.JANUARY 1951, Young man at largeTo keep pace with the Association's ex,panding services and .activities, a field secre­tary has been added to our staff. He isJames R. Ratcliffe, a two-degree member ofour alumni family.Jim is a recent graduate of the Collegewith a Chicago law degree added in 1950.He is a Beta Theta Pi, past president ofOwl & Serpent, and was active in such.student organizations as the Dramatic As­sociation, Student Forum, and the Maroon.Like most young men of his generation,he took 30 months off, in the middle ofhis education, to work with the air forcesin Italv, Brazil, and the United States;another' five as assistant to the Trial JudgeAdvocate in the 15th Air Force. Last fallRatcliffehe worked himself out of the job of fieldsecretary for the Illinois Committee forConstitutional Revision, when the "Gate­way" amendment passed.As field secretary for the Alumni Asso­ciation Jim will be on the move three­fourths of his working year, caroming aboutthe country working with alumni groups,reactivating clubs, helping to set up AlumniFoundation committees, and doing somework' in student promotion. Novel ProgramThe latest Chicago Club to come up witha brand new idea in club programs isSeattle. Dick Read, 43, JD '48, secretary­treasurer writes: "The third week in Janu­ary we plan to have a Great Books dem­onstration. It is our thought to haveapproximately 20 participants from one ofthe Great Books groups in Seattle conducta model discussion on one of the Books,more than likely Thucydides' 'History ofthe Peloponnesian War.'''Is there a Great Books program in yourcity? Can't you see all the possibilities?Before the evening's over we'll bet every­one would want to get into the act! If youdon't know whom to contact write us atthe Alumni office.In Denver they entertained Dean Wil­limn E. Scott, December 14th. He was infrom Chicago to interview prospective stu­dents. We had to go to press before welearned how many were present; Caro­lyne Klingsmith, MBA '48, secretary-treas­urer, was building up her telephone com­mittee early-a system the Denver Club hasfor doubling attendance.Legal laughterWisdom, culture and hilarity mingledwith blue cigar smoke when the LawSchool's Alumni Association held its an­nual meeting in the Red Lacquer-Room atthe Palmer House.About 1,000 lawyers attended, includingthe Association's president, Harry Wyatt,'21, Wilbur Katz, Dean Emeritus of tbeLaw School', the new Dean, Edward Levi,'35, Governor Adlai Stevenson, and UnitedStates Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black .Stevenson spoke on the need for loyaltywithout emotion to counteract the evilsof prejudice, mass hysteria and oppression,and Levi reported on the school's pastprogress and future objectives. As thewindup speaker, Justice Black was in ex­tra good form: some members of the audi­ence talked about "a second Will Rogers."He poked fun at the urbane oratory ofStevenson and Levi. Neither of them knewhow to give an address, he charged, to thedelight of the assembled lawyers.In a more serious mood he secondedStevenson's plea for "men and women' whocan reason without being moved by preju-Levi, Black and Stevenson1dice, anger and hatred," and went on topraise Chancellor Hutchins for his con­tributions to the field of education. Heclosed his speech by sayiing; "A lawyercannot lead a life of ease but a life of ac­tion. The legal profession, grand in pur­pose, dedicated to liberty, can play its partby contributing to history. The lawyer whoplays his part can lie down at last to pleas­ant dreams."The eyes have itThe Alumni Club of the University'SDepartment of Ophthalmology held itssecond annual meeting during the fallsessions of the American Academy of Oph­thamology in Chicago. The supper meetingat the Cliff Dwellers Club on South Michi­gan Avenue was attended bv 27 alumni�nd their wives, including, las guests ofhonor, Professor and Mrs. Edward v.· L.Brown, MD, '98Dr. Brown who was head of the EveDepartment at Billings during the interne­ship of most alumni present, informallyreviewed his recent trip around the world.He told guests about his visits to impor­tant eye clinics en route and of his ex­periences at the International Ophthal­mological Congress in London.Doctor Dewey Katz was named presiden tof the club for the coming year, and re­tiring president Doctor Jack Cowan waselected secretary-treasurer.Several out of town alumni were pres­ent including Dr. Mary Jane Fowler ofMedford, Oregon, Dr. Richard Ashley ofKenosha, Wis. Dr. Merrill Curtis of Wash­ington, D. C. Dr. Jerome Gans of Cleve­land, Ohio. Dr. John Doolittle of Madison,Wis. Dr. F. Stuart' Ryerson of Detroit,Mich. Dr. Lusi Statti of Pittsburgh, Pa.Dr. Horace Strickland of Greensboro, N. C.and Dr. Thomas van Bergen of Detroit,Mich.Reunion on MarsPreparation for a telecast about Mars, inthe "Science in Action" series of the Cali­fornia Academy of Sciences in San Francisco,brough t together Otto Struve, PhD. '23,former head of Chicago'S Astronomy De­partment and Benjamin Draper, who wasat the University from '36 to '41, for awhacking good visit. Draper, as writer,authors the scripts for the television pro­grams. Professor Struve is now head -ofthe Department of Astronomy at the Uni­versity of California. In lieu of flowersMost of Dick Hickey's quarter of acentury with the University was spent inour Loop real estate offices. But his homewas on the Midway and his heart with thelaculty and the Quadrangle Club members.Faculty bridge and billiard tournamentshad to reckon with his skill. Sunny Satur­day afternoons found him on the tenniscourts. Dick back-handed a wicked racket.'Mildred, his wife, Barbara (15), and Jean(6), joined him and other dub memberstor the late Saturday teas.The Ouad Club revels, dances, andparties w"ere never without Dick and Mil­dred, and the girls when the events in­cluded youngsters. The Hickeys were onthe decorating committee, stayed to danceor perform, remained to clean up the mess.Last fall Dick went to Billings Hospitaltor a checkup. The visit was extended.Mildred and the girls began crossing theMidway to the hospital instead of the Club.Then, on November '25 the Universitycommunity was shocked with the news ofthe passing of Richard H. Hickey, Jr., 47(see Dean Strozier's column and Memo­rials) .Trying to think beyond fragile flowers,his friends spontaneously decided on aRichard H. Hickey, Jr. Memorial Fund­to provide for the -education of Barbaraand Jean. A - committee of six close friendswas. appointed to administer the fund,which is growing rapidly. The contribu­tions are being sent to The Chicago Com­munity Trust, 10 South La Salle Street,.Chicago 3.Atoms of Thought: An Anthologyof Thoughts from George Santa­yana. Selected and edited by IraD. Cardiff. Philisophical Library,1950. $5.00.Mr. Cardiff, who was last on campus inthe summer of '09, has collected and in­dexed short quotations from the writingsof Santayana on more than 2000 subjects.The editor describes the process of coni­pilation in his forward to the book: "Thiscollection of paragraphs from the writingsof George Santayana has been made over.Left to right, Ben Draper, Otto Struve (pointing to globe of Mars), Tom Croody, hostnarrator of the television show, and Alden Nye and Kenneth Jones.2 a period of many years. For me they C?i1"stituted oases of pleasure and inspiratJ?1Tin fields of mental activity and necessrtyless attractive and edifying. Most of tlliquotations were made with no thought 0publication. A couple of years ago tileidea of sharing them with others occurre&to me, and Professor Santayana kindly gaveme permission to publish the thoughts."Santayana adds his own sanction for th.:collection in an author's preface: "1'hIScollection of passages marked in my bOo'��by the keen and .i udicial eye of Dr. Card�:was planned and well advanced before 1heard of it; and even now, when it goes tt}the press, I have seen only a few pagesof his selections, which suffice to assure J1Ie­that he would nos peel off the baroq�lefacade of my philosophy without also dIS­playing in patches the prehistoric blocR�of the substructure."The selections are arranged by chap:tcJ'according to the complete works froplwhich they are quoted, while a complet;index gives the reader a chance to fin'pertinent paragraphs with subject mattCfof special interest.-A.C.C.Pathology In General Surgery, bYr'Dr. Paul W. Schafer. 580 pp. U. eC. Press. $17.50.Ed. note: This book is one of the m@st.remarkable ever published bv the Universityof Chicago Press. Its cosi was no less thaifl$140,000, of which $75,000 was coniritJlttedby]. D. Searle) pharmaceutical manufac'turers of Skokie) Illinois. It will be a beslseller-but to a very exclusive group, thCpracticing surgeons of America._ Some 368magnificent color plates show the true ap'pearance of ulcers) cancers and other corvditions which a surgeon mav encounter;Even pathology museums in' medical re'search centers cannot be as useful) for the.preservation of specimens alters colors) a1f1;dsometimes appearances.Shortly after coming to the Univers�tYof Chicago in 1939, Dr. Schafer became l�;teres ted in the subject of pathology as Irelated to general surgery. In the courseof his graduate training program in theDepartment of Surgery, Dr. Schafer "'�simpressed by the need for a textbook IIIpathology written for surgeons by a Sllfigeon well trained not only in gener8surgery �but 'also in surgical pathology. .Taking advantage of the unique oPpo�.tunities encountered in his surgical reS Idency training program, he was able. t�accumulate a vast amount of well-studl€tmaterial, Not only was he well acquaio.te(1with the clinical histories and the phySJCa.fea�ures of a�l the patients whose patl1&logical matenal served as the backgroUt1 Sfor his book, but in most instances be w��the surgeon who actually performed thel.operations. Specimens obtained were c�r�lfully classified and correlated with clin1caand X-ray features of individual patie�t�giving his monograph an interpretatIOunavailable to the average pathologist. 1 rThe broad scope of material covered )1;Dr. Schafer is immediately evident to h��ethe student and experienced surgeon. 1";1book is profusely illustrated with sevedra.hundred magnificent color plates wh ich c.scribe both the gross and microscopic fea.tures of the particular disorder ��countered. Accompanying them is a h!ICtdescription that clearly presents the salle1\clinical and pathological features �11;:scharacterize each of the disease enUtIdescribed.Dr. Schafer has wisely omitted t]:l�pathology of some of the surgical cond1'THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE,:�ons encountered in the surgical special­de�� This deletion fortifies rather than1'et�acts from his excellent monograph.thIS book will serve as an excellent guidet students of surgery as well as to thoseO�g practicing in the field. The readerWIll find at his command an enormousamOunt of material carefully analyzed and�eu presented to which he can rapidly'ttr� for authoritative and practical intor­batlon. The printing and engraving areeyon� reproach and, indeed, have, noequal III the field. .,. Nearly as important as the monographitself is the manner in which Dr. SchaferWas able to achieve his goal. Most of hisllJ.aterial was collected and studied in the,'cfU�se of the very strenuous years inc Inlcal surgical training, when manywould have considered such a worthwhile'llndertaking impossible to accomplish.-J. Garrott Allen� M.D. (Surgery)[ .c»:Editorial Slipt I am somewhat disturbed to learn that,�e University of Chicago has a Professoro Preventative Medicine. (November 1950,Page 11, column 2). I wonder if BobfIutchins-we were in college together­�\lOUld approve of this. Which only goeso prove that I read the Magazine. It isan excellent publication. It seems thatWe old grads (S.M. 1922) just can't keeplip!Dr. Gordon E. Davisf? Principal Medical Bacteriologist.UDcky Mouritain Laboratoryarnzlton, MontanaBouquet for Mr. Hutchins� �ant to express my gratitude for theprlntmg of Dr. Hutchins' "Wha,t It Means.�� Be Educated" in the most re�ent issu:r. OUr magazine. I have read It several�l!Ues, a'nd each time upon finishing it, Ihave thought of the many fine things that'e has done for all of us. The privilege�� attending the University while he wase President, The Great Books courses,which are available to all of us in almost.�Y and every location, and finally his fine,tught-provoking art.icles that have a way°h helping me see daylight despite thec aos Which seems to be raging.My deepest thanks to the Magazine for,�tOVering 'the very constructive material thatdoes.Best to you always,Betsy Kuh Morray, '43.EUClid, Ohio.Grace note"F1'hank you very much for publishingG rorn Potsdam to Bonn" by Alonzo G.race in the December Magazine.w�t deserves a very wide reading by allid a profess an interest in the flow ofeas...." Thurman White, Dean� he U· . f Okl hnzverszty a a oma'YOU bet1 � thoroughly enjoy your magazine whichSi arrow from a friend who is an Alumni.b nee he is going to move away I willS�b IO�t without it so wondered if I cangr �crrbe to it even though I am not a8e aduate. Please let me know and I'lln you the money.N Helen Clare Thomasew York, N .. Y.JA.NUARY 1951, Published monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Associa­tion, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscript.ion price, $3.00. Singlecopies, 35 cents. Student price at University of Chicago Bookstore, 25 cents. Entered as sec­ond class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois under the act ofMarch 3, 1879. Advertising agent, The American' Alumni Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22Washington Square, New York, N. Y.Volume 43 January. 1951 Number 4PUB.L ISH E D B Y THE A L U M N I ASS 0 C I A T IONManaging EditorHOWARD W. MORT Editor-in-chiefLAURA BERGQUIST 'Associate EditorANN COLLARContributing Editors'Jeannette Lowrey Robert M. StrozierStaff Photographer-Steve LewellynIN THIS ISSUEMEMO PAD .B@bKS .: ''LETTERS 3QUEEN OF THE BAiL� frontispiece ".' . . . . . .. 4How FAIR IS AN lQ TEST? Allison Davis' and Robert Hess. . .. 5PERRY OF PAIu{. FOREST '. " 10INDOCHINA-ANOTHER KOREA? Donald Lach 13MAN IS A NEWCOMER, Jeannette Lowery , " 16A FIESTA FOR GOOD NEIGHBORS� Robert Strozier. . . . . . . . . . . .. 18CHICAGds "21" CLUB ........•........." 21JANUARY CALENDAR " 23CLASS NEWS 24COVER: Here is a handsome winter scene, to be addedto any collection of University pictures - RockefellerChapel during the 1950-51 season of the big snow. Forweeks" at least a half dozen snowmen decorated thecampus. The one in front of Swift HaH was appropriatelyposed in attitude of prayer; another, guarding the Ad­ministration Building, looked suspiciously like Dean Stroz-ier; a +hird, near Hutchinson Commons, was just siHing.(Photographs on couer, the [rontispiece, and pages 5� 7�1O� t i, 12 and 17 by the staff photographer. The mapsof Korea and Indochina are by courtesy of the ChicagoSun-Times Photos on 36 from Oakland Tribune.)Vote of thanksDr. Grace wrote an important and time­ly article in "From Potsdam to Bonn."Two especially excellent points were: 1.That we are still adolescent (though thismay 'be a complimentary term, in somecases). 2. This is fundamentally a con­flict between materialism and moral­spiritual values.The excerpts you, printed from Mr.T. S. Eliot also made me appreciate hispoetry and plays all the more. Addition­ally, I liked the article by Mr. McCown,whose theses rather fitted in with that ofMr. Grace: "I see a marked correspondencebetween' cultural and social change and ourown passage into adolescence and our un­certain steps forward into adulthood." I hope soon, as well', to read an articleor book by my good Chicago friend, CharlesE. Merriam.In short, thank you for the issue.Maud L.' Jensen '12Pueblo, ColoradoLike jewelryThe enclosed check is to renew my sub­scription for another year.The magazine does double duty, some­times triple, since I share it with andenjoy it with friends of mine who are notgraduates of the University of Chicago.The exceptionally fine articles are wonder­ful "conversation pieces," a term applied,usually, to terms of jewelry!Elsie Machek '34Berwyn, Ill.3QUEEN OF THE BALLDelores Rashid, a 23 year old third year college student,favored the camera with a properly regal smile when presidentAllen Dropkin crowned her queen of the 1950 Inter-FraternityBall, held as always on Thanksgiving Eve. Delores, a Wyvernwas selected from nine other candidates for the honor afterher nomination by the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. This year'sBall, the forty-third, was held in the Gold Room of the Congress.4 .THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHow Fair IS AN IQ By Allison Davis and Robert HessTEST?At present, there is a definite bias in favor of the mid­dle classes. But a University team is working on anintelligence gauge which will be "culture-fair"THOUGH MANY ADULTS mayhave escaped taking an intelli­:�ence test, today most of America's. 0 million children of elementaryschool age have not. .In many cities, and in both privateand public schools, every child is�ested not once but several times dur­ti�g his first eight years in school.:.rpon- the basis of his scores on eitherttelligence or reading tests, he may,,;e placed in a so-called "fast" or,,�low" section, or even be sent to afast" or "slow" school.. If assigned to the latter, he usually;g'(Oes to an antiquated, overcrowdedsehool and is supplied with inferioreqUipment. He is early directed intoa curricula of inferior status, whichcan only lead him vocationally intotn:anuaf work, the "trades" or clerking.the Powerful IQ TestThus the IQ test wields great pow­�r in deciding educational opportun­!ety for a child in the United States.�o;eover, it often helps make criticaleClsions for such public agencies asthe Juvenile Courts. The Veterans'�dministration leans heavily on intel­J,gence tests in vocational counseling.he Army gave IQ tests to millionsof men inducted in World War II,and is repeating the procedure now.An intelligence test, it is claimed,can measure real "mental ability." IfWe grant that present tests are accu­:ate we must then accept their find­Ings-that rural children, on theaV:rage, are definitely inferior to citychIldren in intelligence; that whiteChildren in the south are less intelli­gent than white children in the north;that youngsters from the lower socio­economic levels in any American cityrank about eight to 10 IQ points, onthe average, below those from upper-JANUARY 1951, class levels. By the time they are 13and 14, on the average, they lag be­hind by 20 to 23 IQ points!"No one," says Ernest Haggard,"would think of giving an intelligencetest standardized for American chil­dren to a child in Bali, or France orSouth Africa and expect the resultsto mean very much. No one wouldgive such a test to a child on the otherside of the ocean, but few have ac­cepted the fact that the results of suchtesting might be invalid if given toa child on the other side of the tracks .In terms of any genetic argument, onemust consider the fact that childrenfrom privileged' homes receive a rangeof experiences and acquire a range ofmotivations which prepare them moreadequately for favorable performanceon our present type of IQ tests thanis the case with lower-class children.The tests are saturated with middle­class vocabulary and language forms;the testmakers themselves are middle-Davis class people, buttressed by middle­class experiences, ways of thinking and'language forms."Measure "Genetic Superiority"?The men who make the tests, likeTerman and Otis, say these wide vari­ations can be trac�d to actual "gene­tic superiority" or "genetic inferi­ority." Yet there is no evidence fromthe science of genetics to support. theview that any socio-economic class hasgreater claim to hereditary intelli­gence than any other. All the theo­retical and mathematical solutionsarrived at by such eminent human­geneticists as Haldane, Hogben, andHuxley, show no demonstrable differ­ence between socio-economic groups.Intelligence is thought to be trans­mitted by a large number of widelyseparated genes. Chances are ex­tremely low that a child will directlyinherit the mental equipment of hisparents, for too many complex fac­tors come into play. In America,moreover, where movement of indi­viduals up and down the social-classladder is relatively rapid, it is unlikelywe can ever gather enough data toprove genetic class differences. Inwestern European culture, there hasbeen no stable stratification of geneticintelligence in terms of any given so­cial class during the last few cen­turies, because of migrations and so­cial upheavals like revolutions andwars. "Perhaps the most stable groupof all is royalty at the topmost level,"says Ernest Haggard, "but it is ex­tremely questionable that it hasdistinguished itself for intellectual­achievement. "Alfred Binet, who founded moderntests of intelligence, was keenly awareof the danger that his test problemswere too scholastic and too closely re-5lated to home training, but he did notlive to face the extremely complextask of creating new tests that wouldbe less biased. During the past 25,years, many research psychologistshave been criticizing all present IQtests, for including a strong culturalhandicap for pupils of the lower socio­economic groups. Yet despite this, inthe 35 years since Binet's last work,virtually no new types of problemshave been evolved.A Problem of Language?At the University of Chicago, weare now engaged in studying this cru­cial problem: whether the wide varia­tions in average group IQ's may notbe chiefly a function of the kinds ofproblems and language used in thetests themseloes, rather than of hered­ity. A research team, comprising Alli­son Davis, Kenneth Eells, Robert J.Havighurst, Ernest Haggard, RobertD. Hess, Walter Murray, Ralph W.Tyler and W. Lloyd Warner havebeen at work. on the project for fiveyears.Dr. Eells began by studying the rela­tive success of some 5,000 upper andlower social class school children, liv­ing in a midwestern city. They an­swered 460 problems which are nowincorporated in the 10 IQ tests mostwidely in use. In these 10 tests, therewas not a single problem on whichthe children from low occupationaland foreign background groups madesuperior scores to those of higherstatus. They managed to equal themon only 21 of the 460 problems.,. orless than five per cent. (These resultswill be found in the book, I ntelli­gence and Cultural Difference to bepublished in April by the Universityof Chicago Press). As other samplesof pupils, both white and Negro, na­tive and ethnic, were tested and re­tested, the results continued to showthe same overwhelming superiority ofthe higher occupational groups onthepresent tests.Eells found, as well, that theamount of difference between thetwo socio-economic groups varied', de­pending on which test was used. Thismade it clear that at least part of the"class ·difference" must result fromfactors in the tests themselves.What Do We Now Test?Let us state the central problem inthis way: in life as a whole, humanbeings engage in an amazing variety6 THE kUTHORSOne of the most widely re­ported. speeches at the recentMidcentury White House. Con­ference on Children and r outh,was given by Dr. Allison Daois,Professor of Education.His research on IQ tests, here­with reported, is now entering itssixth year. It has been financedby the General Education Boardof the Rockefeller Foundation,and is the, most extensive re­search yet to be made in thefield.Dr. Davis was a summa cumlaude from Williams College, re­ceived his MA from Hnruard,and his PhD from Chicago. Hisacademic honors have includedthree Rosenwald [elloioshi ps,one spent at the London Schoolof Economics, and two years ofresearch in the south, on aRockefeller grant, which resulted. in co-authorship of the uolurne,"Deep South., published by theU of C Press. In '38 and '39., heconducted a study of the person­ality deuelopments of adoles­cents, published as ((Children ofBondage" by the AmericanCouncil on Education. Still athird Davis volume, "Father ofthe M an;" deals with the so­cialization of the child, and isbased on a, study of child-rear­ing in 100 white and 100 col­ored families in Chicago.Robert Hess, PhD '50., theother half of the team which hasbeen developing the new Davis­Hess "culture-lair" IQ test, is anative Californian who was at­tracted to Chicago by the workbeing done by the Committeeon Human Development. He isnow its secretary.of mental activities. To measure thegeneral ability of one person, as com­pared to another, the testmaker mustselect types of problems which bestrepresent this great range of humanmental behavior. The evidence showsclearly that today's testmakers havenot included a wide range of mentalproblems in their tests.Rather, they pose academic prob­lems, the kind which are taught in theaverage classroom and which do notstem from real-life situations at all,but from a highly traditional, unrealis- tic middleclass school culture. 'Thetestmakers make the claim thata pupil's success or failure on such atest is a good indication of how he'will get on in school. This claim is a!l'true. Tests now in use correlate on1r,.5 (.48 for Stanford-Binet) with thesuccess of a child in school. This verymodest correlation permits us to pfe�diet practically nothing, from thetests, about a child's academic future.Task of the TestmakerIn sum, the. ..1 Q testmaker has tw@very important tasks to perform: ,1. To find and develop into ascale those problems which best repre•sent the range of human problem"solving behavior..2. To express these problems in szt­uations and symbols which are equal!1common in the cultures of people 11):all socio-economic groups.If he fails at this, his test will IUostcertainly be biased in favor of the Ctl�:tural group whose experiences aJil,symbols are used most. In the case tall present IQ tests, we have foun tthis bias is present and the cultur'a,group which is favored is the middftlclass.The Great Cultural DivideThis is no minor problem. For iOour country as a whole today, rno�ethan 60 out of 100 children live li�families belonging to lower socio-eC8'nomic groups. In elementary schools,the ratio is 70 out of 100. The rtltt'jority are native white, but miI1iot1�'more are 'Negroes or from white fof'eign-background stock. On the otbethand, 95 out of 100 teachers coOlefrorn r the middle-classes, and frorn acultural way of life markedly differeOlfrom the majority of their pupils.In the public schools of America;actually, there exists a great culturadivide. The lower-class children dtlinot understand, and therefore cannotlearn well, the teacher's culture. 10turn, the teachers, and in lesser degreC-the social workers and clinicians, afetrying earnestly to change the cultUreand basic way of life of more tba�half the children of America. Smawonder they admit to feeling chraO'ically anxious or "worried" and sllffe�a deep sense of failure, as a result 0their honest, but ineffective efforts t,1i)help these children learn the school Sculture.They also face the extremely diftYcult task of trying to help childretlTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZI:N$!earn an unrealistic and extremely un­lnteresting curriculum. Dr. Ralph W.TYler, a leading authority in this field,'says: "American schools and colleges'�lace primary emphasis on memoriza­hon of textbook content ... the re­quirements of the school are largely ofa verbal sort." With such a curricu­IUrn, he adds, it is not possible to teachchildren how to think or how to solvereal-life problems. The daily effort toteach these uninteresting, memorizedmaterials to children is an experiencewhich would drive most people' intorealistic worry or anxiety.The experiences symbolized in thetextbooks of the first three or fourgrades for example, are far more sim­ple than those which the child has al­ready met in his daily life. Thestories seem foolish to lower-class chil­dren because the incidents appear un­real, the words strange. To the mid­dle-class child, the drive of seeking hisParents' and teachers' approval is usu­�lIy strong enough to keep him trying,rut not strong enough to make himzke reading.TJ7 aste of Human Resources. In a larger sense, our failure todlagnose and train the mental ability�� lower-class children is not only rob­lng them, as individuals, of a chanceat full development, but constitutes a�Ia�or waste of human resources in the. nlted States, at a time when the na­tIon, industry, business and theArmed Services increasingly need ablePeople. Modern civilization by its verynature requires the, constant develop­lllent of skills and abilities far broader�han those now emphasized in school.f We do not discover more of the peo­ple who have quick minds and realnative ability, in the great reservoir ofthe lower income groups-talentswhich are now "going down thedrain" -we shall not be able to com­Pete with the vast populations ofWestern Europe and Asia.Profiling the Classes"In constructing what we call aculturally fair" intelligence test,' it is�lear we must first find out what theseOWer-class and ethnic cultures in our�OCiety are like, and our research teamfi as .made widest use of this kind of:ndmg. During the past 20 years so­Wal anthropologists led by W. Lloydarner have carried out intensivestudies of socio-economic groups incities in New England, the deepJANUARY 1951, South, 'and the Midwest. Thesestudies have shown that people recog­nize three major strata, or socialclasses in their communities, whichmay be termed upper class, middleclass and lower class. Each level hasa way of life or culture, which differsfrom the others."Culture-Fair" IQ TestTo test our hypothesis that presenttest-problems use cultural experiencesand words which are more familiar tothe higher socio-economic groups,Professor Haggard and our staff car­ried out another experiment' with 656pupils. First we gave them the stand­ard verbal tests, and then a numberof additional problems which we hadtried to make "culturally fair."On certain types of these "culture­fair" problems, such as analogies, wefound the lower groups showingmarked improvement in performance.To cite just one case ... 'In the standard IQ test there is aproblem of this kind:A symphony is to a composer, as abook is to what?( ) paper)' ( ) sculptor)' (author)' ( ) musician)' ( ) man ..On this specific problem, 81 % ofthe higher' socio-economic pupilsmarked the correct answer. Only52% of the lower group did.Our new question yielded far differ­ent results. It read:A baker goes with bread the sameway that a carpenter goes with what?( ) a saw)' ( ) a house; ( ) aspoon)' ( ) a' nail)' ( ) a man.This problem, using fair and sun- ple words like "baker," "spoon,""nail," etc., was tougher intellectuallyfor both groups and was thereforemore honest and effective in helpingspot the most able children. As amatter of fact, the proportion of cor­rect answers was the same for bothlower and upper class groups. (Youmay think that culturally this prob­lem favored the children of unskilledand semi-skilled workers, which wedefined as our lower economic group;actually it did not, for carpenters andbakers are seldom seen working orliving in slum areas.)To clinch our case-now that weknew how to remove the cultural biasfrom present test problems - wechecked our work by seeing whetherwe could deliberately make a prob­lem much harder for the lower groups,and thus "prove" they were "inferior"in intelligence. So we took a problemlike this, used in present tests:A person who by mistake hits an­other person should:( ) say that he did not ; ( ) for­get it; ( ) say nothing)' ( ) leave)( ) beg pardon .To introduce a greater verbal andcultural bias, we made it read:A child who unintentionally injuresanother child should:( ) deny it ; ( ) make amends)') flee)' ( ) be reticent; ( )ignore it.By using unfamiliar "literary" lan­guage, and making reading as well asvocabulary very important in the so­lution of the problem, we discrimi-Author Hess and some properties used in the new Davis-Hess group intelligence tests.Pupils are asked to point out the similarities between the four bottles (three are capped,have something inside, are the same color, etc.). They are also asked to separate thethree interlocking rings (so that they resemble the three loose rings on the left) byopening as few rings as possible. (The middle one is the crucial ring).7nated quite severely against the young­sters from the lower classes. Accord­ingly, they came out no less than 32percentage points below the uppersocio-economic group.In this way, we showed the familiartechnique by which testmakers nowmake a problem "harder." Actually,they do nothing more than resort toobscure words and situations, picturesand experiences which are much morefamiliar to children who have grownup in middle and upper-class cultures.They measure a child's cultural andeconomic opportunities, not his realin telligence.After four years of research, weat first were inclined to accept theopinion that children from the loweroccupational groups were, on theaverage, inferior in real intelligence.F or as yet, there was not a shred ofstatistically valid evidence that, on anyrange of mental problems, the loweroccupational groups could do as well,in terms of absolute attainment, as thehigher occupational groups.Fortunately, however, we were car­rying on fieldwork while we were test­ing. We were actually observing chil­dren from both high and low occupa­tional groups at play and at work, athome, in their neighborhoods, on theplayground and in their classrooms.We encouraged them to talk about themeaning of words and various kindsof mental problems, including explor­atory, logical, arithmetical and crea­tive types. Time and again, we re­turned from our visits with them withthe vivid impression that if one dealtin mental testing with experienceswhich were, common to all occupa­tional groups of American children,and if one phrased these experiencesin words and pictures which wereequally common to the social environ­ment of all groups, we could moreclosely approximate a real scale ofintelligence.Measuring "Mother-Wit"'We were not seeking to measure"cultural opportunity," "home back­ground" or simply school perform­ance, but that ability which underlies,social and home factors. Let us callthis essentially hereditary ability "realintelligence," "innate ability," "smart­ness" or better still, "mother-wit."These experiments had made itclear that some problems of the tradi­tional, academic type, could be solved8 with equal ease by upper and lowersocial-status groups if only culturally­common words and situations wereused. But it was still necessary to findproblems which were more typical ofmental problems in life as a whole.These would relate more closely toa child's own experiences, we felt andmotivate him more strongly to try tosolve them.So we set up "experimental" indi-DEFER HIGH IQ'S?WASHINGTON (AP) - Ajury of citizens will help decidewhether bright students shouldbe deferred from the draft.Draft Director Lewis B.Hershey has called 200 citizens-representing education, labor,industry, veteran's organiza­tions, the press and radio, to ameeting . here. They will givetheir opinions after listening toa report on a: draft plan de­signed to provide the nation allthe scientists, 'doctors and otherprofessional people it needs,without upsetting draft require­ments. The plan proposes all.intelligence test as a basis fordeferment.In World War II, studentswere defend! if they were inspecial fields, such as medicineand certain sciences vital to' thewar effort. Hershey has said heis not satisfied with that or thepresent system.· His advisorycommittees have proposed thatthe best students in all fields bequalified for deferment .if:1. They pass all. aptitudetest with a high mark, stamp­ing them as likely to succeed asa skilled professional man orcivic leader.2. They have and maintaina high record of accomplish­ment in school.. Chicago Daily News,December 13, '50.vidual and group tests, using three­dimensional objects, words and pic­tures which ar.e familiar to all the cul­tures, and then expressing, with thesecommon symbols, the kind and rangeof problems found with equal fre­quency among all groups. We didnot try to make a "culture-free" test,since this is a human impossibility, buta "common-culture" or "culture-fair"test of intelligence. This, we hoped,could measure real genetic-develop- mental differences between individuat�; Imore truly than do present IQ tests.As indicated, we used studies made'by sociologists and social anthropokogists to find out what the culturalcharacteristics were which would jefamiliar to all groups,. and, additio"ally, personally observed and inter'viewed children from all levels, oUlt•side of school. Thus, we hoped ttlevolve problems which would re­semble the situations youngsters facein their everyday, non-academic life.The problems were constructed aC'cording to these principles:1. The materials used in the prob·. lems should be equally familiar, ofunfamiliar, to both high and loWstatus children.2. The words should be draWI'Ifrom a vocabulary common to both.3. The mental task involved shouldnot be a task likely to have been erJl'phasized or taught, in either the hoJ1leor school, to children of any partiCll'lar class.4. The problem should be intrinsi·cally motivating to children of alllevels.We were controlling, in short,rather than eliminating, cultural fac'tors in the testing.Hess assembled problems for an iI1'dividual test for pupils of six-and-a'half through nine-and-a-half years ofage. Then trained graduate studen:s,administered the test to 545 pubbcschool pupils in Chicago. The young·sters came from three broad group:"according to the occupation of thelffathers: high-status white children,whose parents were professional ofmanagerial people; low-status whitechildren, whose parents were ulYskilled or semi-skilled workers; andlow-status Negro children, whose par·ents were unskilled workers or u:11'employed.S potting Hidden TalentOn a standard IQ test, the loW'status white group scored nearly eightpoints below the high-status white;group; but on the new test, it equalledthem at each age level. The loW'status Negro group averaged 20 rQ:points below the high-status white,group on the usual IQ test. On thenew test, though they averaged soJ1le'what lower than the two white grouPs)the IQ score advantage of the high'status white group was substantiallYreduced.While minimizing cultural bias, thiS. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN��ew test also showed a wide range ofIndividual differences within eachgroup.George, for example, is a six year�ld Negro boy who lives with his two�Isters, three brothers and his motherIn .a smgle room of an over-crowdedtenement house, in a neglected districtof the city. His father deserted themthree years ago; his mother supports�hem. George's IQ is supposed to be9. But on the new test he scorednear the average for the high statuswhoite group of this age,f Nancy, a white child, who comeshrom . the lower brackets, lives wither father and mother near the rail-road t k' "rae s III an apartment" sosmall that she and her two sisters�ust sleep with their parents. Herather is an unskilled laborer in the�eel mills. Her IQ is 90. But on theua' HVIS- ess test, her performanceequalled that of the upper socio-eco­no .I �IC white group, whose averageQ IS 110. George and Nancy are justtwo examples of the undeveloped tal-ent Which exists in underprivilegedgroups. As we .indicated.. one of the basicaims of our new test was tomeasure mental ability, not education­al achievement. Performance of bothhigh and low-status class pupils on theexperimental test does not deny thatthe former can read or write better,on the average, than the latter, forthey are better motivated to do so. Itdoes suggest, however, that on thoseproblems with which he is equallyfamiliar, the low _ status child can.match the problem-solving ability ofthe higher status child.A Lesson for TeachersIt becomes clear that teachers mustconstantly bear in mind that theirjudgments of pupils are, to some ex­tent, based upon the child's socio-eco­nomic background, as well as upon hismental performance. A bright childis apt to be even "brighter" if hisfather is a solid citizen in the com­munity, but the intelligence of anequally bright child is apt to be under­estimated if he does not show the mid­dle-status traits of neatness, coopera­tion, docility, cleanliness, and eager­ness for school tasks. It is important for teachers to understand this ten­dency to overvalue and label as "in­telligent" certain patterns of behaviorwhich are, perhaps, completely irrele­vant to the question of mental endow­ment.An American ResponsibilityOur findings also imply a responsi­bility for keeping open the routes ofsocial mobility, to the youth of theUnited States, through education andtraining. We do not mean that theculture of high-status groups shouldbe imposed upon bright children oflow-status levels. But certainly everyreasonable effort should be made tohelp the child with talent to move intohigher economic and social levels, ifhe chooses to do so. Opportunity forsocial and economic mobility is one ofthe genuinely democratic aspects ofAmerican life; these channels must bekept open for the great numbers ofchildren who are talented but under­privileged. The free school in Amer­ica must be the democratic ladder ofthe people, the "way up" for thosewith ability and ambition.THE LOWER AND MIDDLE CLASSES"T he slum child whose own par-ents Curse as a routine method of�hmmunication, fight and considere school unimportant in their fu­ture, lives in a physical, economic and:ultural reality radically unlike that�n . which the middle-class child ist�aIned. If he is realistic, many of. e habits and attitudes he learns willIn .eVltably differ from those of themOre sheltered intimidated and highly�Upervised middle class child. Thatl�havior which middleclass teachers,C I ••nlClans and psychiatrists often re-�ard as "delinquent", "hostile" orunmotivated" in slum children isUSually perfectly realistic, adaptive,a�d-in slum life-a socially accept­a Ie response to reality . . ."T he middleclass child, on the°t ther hand, is pressed by his parents. 0 It earn too early and too fast. Con-r�ry to popular belief, he is re­qUIred to help with the chores earlier,a�? to assume responsibility for other�h lldren; he comes home earlier ine evening and works longer on hisSchOol lessons. He is more worried,mOre apt to suck his thumb and showOther anxiety symptoms (in a three toJANUARY 1951, one 'ratio) than lowerclass children. Heworks much harder in school becauseof insistent pressure by the familyupon him for early and rapid attain­ment. He thus pleases his middleclassteacher more than does the lowerclasschild."Youngsters from the lowerclasshave more anxieties about food, inview of their unstable food supply,and this starts' soon after the nursingperiod .• When the supply is plentiful,they pack away as much as they canhold. There is also anxiety about be­ing evicted from shelter, of havingtoo little sleep, of being cold andalone in the dark. They look on lifeas 'a recurrent series. of depressionsand peaks, with regard to the grati­fication of their basic needs. In theirlives, it is all or nothing, or next-to­nothing at all. When they have fires,their homes are stiflng hot, and every­one sits as close to the stove as pos­sible, remembering .anxiously. what itwas like to be cold. It would be .morerational if they saved and budgetedtheir money, but human beings arenot.rational, They are what their cul­ture teaches them to be. Lowerclass people cannot learn middleclass fore­sight and moderation unless they canparticipate socially with middleclasspeople, whom they may learn to imi­tate."Another example of lower classchildren's cultural behavior is theirphysical aggression or fighting. Teach­ers misunderstand and resent the slumchild's fighting, just as they do hiscursing, his so-called precocious sex­ual behavior and his dialect. In lowerclass families, however, the parentsthemselves have taught their childrento fight, not only children of eithersex but also adults who make troublefor them. The conception that aggres­sion and hostility are neurotic or mal­adaptive symptoms of a chronicallyfrustrated adolescent is an ethnocen­tric view of middleclass psychiatrists.In lowerclass families, physical aggres­sion is as much a normal, social ap­proved and socially inculcated type ofbehavior as. it is in frontier communi­ties. "Dr. Allison Davis, Dec. 5, 1950.From his speech before the Midcen­tury White House Conference onChildren and Youth.9PERRYOFParkForestJack of all trades and a troubleshooter in chi e f he battless c h 0 0 I boards,' renters andplumbers.A BOUT THIRTY miles south ofChicago's Loop lies a rapidlyswelling suburban community-ParkForest, Illinois.It is distinguished from the rest ofChicagoland's· heavily populated sub­urbia by a ·unique and brief history;three and a half years ago the site wasoccupied by an abandoned golf course and paper-plotted subdivisions. Cur­rently, it holds several thousandthree to six room rental apartments,curving, landscaped streets and oneof the country's most modern shop­ping areas.Over and above its remarkablephysical growth, Park Forest is prob­ably one of the very few housing de-No streets! All front doors in Park Forest face unbroken green lawns, while traffic isrestricted to parking bays in the rear. velopments in America able to boa�ta social philosophy. It was specificalIdplanned to meet the much-neglect'"needs of the young white collar!worker and his family. The success ofthe planners in furnishing somethin:gmore than a roof for these young pro:fessionals is attested by the imposSl'·bility of discovering an exact popul:a;'tion figure for "the village." The ruas;recent count taken gave a total :�11,250, but, since the number of reS!"dents grows almost daily, this figuvewas dated within the week. By t}J�end of 1951 the project's developersexpect to tally 25,000 to 30,OO�people.I ntroducing Mr. PerryThe problems of the communit1�tstempestuous and accelerated i�farY�fhave had the on-the-spot nursing 0,Hart· Perry, '39. When recently askC:!just what his job is, Perry answer@the phone for the third time sit1(Gtthe interviewer had been in his offite,and then; while signing some of t}!rtpapers on his desk, pondered an a��swer that would take less than 3·minutes. "I have a sort of floatillg10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINf;P_osition," he concluded. His officialtItle' SP IS ecretary and Assistant to theBr�sident of American Communityd ullders, the company formed to·evelop Park Forest, a positionwh'ich has been characterized by oneof his friends as "jack-of-all-tradesand trouble-shooter-in-chief." On one�ccasion, after a particularly hecticew weeks, Perry and his wife secretly�e�1t a quiet weekend at the PalmerOUse to escape the constant ringingof his home telephone.The number and diversity of theProblems he must solve arise' from�he community aspects of the Parkb o�est social philosophy. "The normalh ullder," as Perry explains it, "doesn'taVe to face these difficulties when hegoes into an already existing com­tnu .li nIty. Not only do we try to be a�ttle more than an ordinary landlord,Ut We have had to help supply ourP�ople with schools; churches, a shop­PIng center, and a movie theater."Churches, Schools and Problems1 Most of these projects requiredPanning and forethought. BeforegrOUnd was broken the A.C,B. had a�?nference with the Church Federa­l�n of Chicagr , As a result, a com-�l�tee was set up to study the re­IgIous needs of the new community.ts Survey effected what Perry de­Sc 'bd n es as "a new approach." A.C.B.Onated the land to the various de­�Ornina tions (it will also donate landOr streets and parks), and, when the Side walks in the downtown shopping area are covered to protect shoppers from rainand is completed, each litur­gical church will have its own build­ings, The other Protestant churcheshave formed a United Church whosemembers retain their denominationalstatus but hold common services un­der the sponsorship of m e m b e rchurches. Building of the Catholicblock, including a church and aschool, is already under way and atpresent, Catholic services are held ina neighboring church, and in thenewly completed theater. "The Forest's" projected schoolsystem is also the result of exhaustivepreliminary planning. Surveys werebegun two years before the first familymoved in, and, on their completion,Perry himself carried on "negotia­tions" with the local school boards.There is a two year lag between oc­cupancy of a school district and taxrate assessment, and a four year waitfor legislative appropriations. To in­sure public school facilities for its"1' he gossip room" in the theater where local artists exhibit theirwork. No tickets are taken at the theater, you just pay inside.JANUARY 1951, The only fire place' in Park Forest is in the theater lounge whereSaturday matinee small fry are permitted to roast marshmallows.11residents, meantime, the A.C.B. hadto guarantee a per-head tuition forthe pupils. About half the Park Forestsmall fry-who comprise a small army-go to school in neighboring, Stegerand Chicago Heights, while the restattend classes in 16 of the housingunits' reserved for temporary schooluse. When the community is at lastcomplete there will be several neigh­borhood grade schools and a largehigh school located in a park nearthe center of town.Training a Trouble ShooterPerry regards his own presence inthe midst of this snarl of communityproblems and landlord-tenant rela­tions largely as an accident. After. re­ceiving his B. A. he spent a year atthe University acquiring his Master'sin political science. As an undergrad­uate he joined forces with BobMerriam, now Alderman of the FifthWard, and Emmet Dedmon, dramaeditor of the Chicago Sun-Times, toform a triumverate which devoted it­self to political action with greatseriousness. Their activities includeda summer spent "getting to know theIvv�king man" by working with acrew laying an oil pipe line, and ex­tensive participation in the Roose­velt campaign of '40. For this latteractivity they even managed to wanglefinancial support from the regularDemocratic organization. Among hismore conventional contributions tothe extra-curricular, Perry was a Stu­dent Marshal, a member of AlphaDelta Phi, president of Interfrater­nity Council, and a stalwart of Owland Serpent.From his studies in political -sciencePerry took a logical step into localpolitics by working a year as politicalsecretary for Fifth Ward AldermanPaul Douglas. From Douglas' officehe switched to a War Department jobwhich landed him ("of all places")'.in Goose Creek, Texas. Just as therather limited joys of Goose Creekbegan to fade, Mrs. Perry, "Beati"Raquelle Guidzik who was on campusin '39 and '40, went to a cocktailparty where she got wind of a job inWashington. The Washington jobhappened to be in the National Hous­ing Agency.On to Washington . . .The Perrys stayed in Washingtonuntil '43, by which time Perry's posi­tion had blossomed after the fashion12 of Washingtonian l s,ir,cles to thatof Regional Housing Market Analyst.As such, he met and worked withU.S. Commissioner of National Hous­ing Philip M. Klutznick. In '43 heentered the army as an infantry pri­vate, emerging some three years lateras a Captain in the office of the Chiefof Staff, after seeing service in theanti-aircraft artillery, and in a hush­hush overseas job with O.S.S ..Klutznick had by then left Wash­ington for Chicago to become Pres­ident of the American CommunityBuilders; and Perry joined him afterthe war to help' solve the snarl ofproblems arising from land purchase,disannexations, zoning, utility servicenegotiations and financing. Since thenhe has watched thecommunity grow,and firsthand has seen the much­worked over plans fulfilled, or in somecases, misfilled.He tells with�reat amusement ofhow, after months of work and plan­ning so that no unit would be rentedtwice, the first family moved in-tothe wrong house. "It was before thehouse numbers were up," he recounts."They were under. the impressionthey had rented the second housefrom the left hand corner of thestreet. Actually, it was the second onefrom the right hand corner." childrenj.Hart Jr., 3, and Scot.t",one,,1live in Park Forest, they have had aringside view of the unexpected deve['.opments that no professional plannerscan predict. For example the experts:were all surprised when they disrcovered that, after a few months afhabitation, all the families were "liv'ing out of their back doors." PlanShad been carefully landscaped withthe housing units opening on to ull"broken green lawns, while traffic waS'confined to parking bays in the rear,Within a few weeks a family wouI�know all the neighbors who sharedtheir parking bay, but, often as n�t,had no idea of who lived oppOSItethe front door.In addition to the Perrys, ParkForest has a U. of C. alumni colonyof about forty people. Robert Ander'son, Ph.D. '49, is Superintendent �fSchools; Claude Wells of the Un1'versity faculty is a member of theSchool Board. Adele Rose Saxe, '39,has been a guiding spirit in the cOrP'munity n-ewspaper. However, Perryis far from being able to settle dowl1to routin� �uburban life. Con�trUc&tion has Just begun on a proJecte�2800 single family homes, to be SO�'111instead of rented. After that WIcome park and industrial develoPi Iment. He has many more plans an Iproblems ahead.... and Park ForestSince the Perrys and their two -A.C.o.After work and school the Perrys relax in the living room of their home.. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN�CHI NA_ =-.�an9RoRINDO-CHINA: .'�-Another Korea?By Donald Lachb EGULAR REPORTS of bloodyf\ clashes between the soldiers of;ance and the Viet Minh (League� . Independence) have kept Indo­hlna in the headlines since 1945.I Dntil recently the import of thesee ashes for world peace has been lostup -on us. Last summer, however,:Vhen the forces of North KoreaInVaded South Korea we began seri­(}usly to look at Indo-China as wellas 't> S· hh -[\.orea. mce t en, our concerndas mounted swiftly. We are even. eVeloping a kind of nervous sensitiv­Ity to Far Eastern problems. Theresults of the recent election in thisJANUARY 1951, country indicate that :our presentsensi ti vi ty is in danger of being seri­ously aggravated in the future. TheRepublicans in the new Congresswill almost certainly insist upon astronger show of force in ASIa, andthey will probably be aided andabetted in their program by the po­litical and military activities of Gen­eral Douglas MacArthur. Therefore,the question of what action, if any,the United Nations and the states ofthe free world should take with re­spect to Indo-China will, I believe,be an International problem of sig­nificance in the months to come. Comparing BackgroundsThe example of the United Na­tions "police action" in Korea leadsus t� compare the backgrounds ofIndo-China and Korea. Such a com­parison serves, if undertaken cautious­ly, to shed light upon what is_ an un­usually dark corner of the worldstage.For example, both are peninsularstates bordering upon China. In pop­ulation they are almost identical,each peninsula having around 23 mil­lion people. In both peninsulas themajority of the population lives andworks in the rich lowland and sea­coast areas, and in both the roughhinterlands are sparsely populated,poor, and backward. By the econom­ic standards of eastern Asia, bothpeninsulas are in times of peace rela­tively self-sufficient in food-a mostcrucial problem in that part of theworld. In area, however, Indo-Chinais larger than Korea, roughly in aboutthe ratio of pre-war Germany to GreatBritain. Ethnically, Korea is fairlyuniform, the people being of Turanianstock mostly. Indo-China exhibitswider ethnic diversities, ranging fromIndian to the Chinese. Culturally, In­do-China is an amalgam of native, In­dian, and Chinese traditions coatedwi th a E uropean veneer, whereasKorea, although mixed, has not such ahighly diversified background.Strategically, the military controlof Korea has been crucial in moderntimes. The Japanese, for example,felt compelled early in their marchtoward empire to make certain of theircontrol over Korea, for the penin­sula acts as a bridge between Man­churia, the "heartland" of easternAsia, and Japan, the workshop ofthe Far East. The Russians, too,have a strategic stake. in the future ofKorea, not only because of its proxim­ity to their important port, Vladivos­tok, but also because of the dangersinherent in having a potential enemyin the vicinity. To China, of course,the presence of foreign forces inKorea seems to constitute a threat toher richest and most highly devel­oped areas, and to some of her great­est cities and centers of civilization.Except as a naval base, the strate­gic value of Indo-China is somewhatless, though from China's viewpointa United Nations intervention inIndo-China would look like a threatto the Canton area. To the Western13nations a Communist victory in Indo­China might expose to direct Com­munist penetration the economicallyimportant Malay States and otherparts of southeastern Asia. So· longas the non-Communist countries con­trol the seas, the insular areas, suchas the Philippines and Indonesia,would probably not be in danger ofdirect invasion. The independence ofSiam and Burma, however, would al­most certainly be directly threatenedif the Communists should drive theFrench from Indo-China.Struggle for IndependenceUntil 1950 the struggle in Indo­China centered about domestic ratherthan international problems. Through­out the twentieth century powerfulforces have been at work to removethe colonial yoke forced upon Indo­China by France during the nine­teenth century. Inspired by the vic­tories of Japan over the powers ofthe West' from the Russo-JapaneseWar in 1904-05 to the Second W orIdWar, the nationalists of Indo-Chinahave struggled fruitlessly for inde­pendence from the French.Al though conscious of this seethingundercurrent of discontent, the Frenchhave never officially offered a programleading to complete independence.The planners at Paris have soughtrather to bind the Annamites, whocomprise the major share of the popu­lation, and other educated groups inIndo-China to the French programof assimilation (or association) byproviding them with opportunities formaterial betterment and education(characteristically in Paris) within theframework of the French colonial sys­tem. Such a program of colonialism,entailing no hope of eventual inde­pendence, has been bitterly resented,particularly since the end of the Sec­ond World War. In the last five years,many of Indo-China's neighbors(India, Pakistan, Burma, Indonesia,and the" Philippines) have won theirindependence. These examples havegreatly intensified the French problem,Early in its history, the nationalistmovemen t in Indo-China came underthe influence of Communists. Unableto work effectively in Europe andAmerica after the First World War,the Comintern and the U.S.S.R.sought assiduously to cultivate thefriendship of the peoples of easternAsia; The Bolsheviks disassociated14 themselves as much as possible in thetwenties from the "unequal treaties"and other vestiges of "white imperial­ism," and concentrated upon a propa­ganda line of equality and independ­ence designed to parallel and supple­ment the nationalist program. Afterthe purge of the Communists fromthe Kuomiritang in 1927, the agentsof the Comintern devoted especial at­tention to Japan and southeasternAsia. Successfully infiltrating the na­tionalist groups, the Communists inIndo-China under the leadership ofHo Chi Minh, "the man with twentynames," took advantage of the Frenchdefeats in the' early years of the Sec­ond World War to assume controlover the Viet Minh, and to begin or­ganization of the independent state or'Viet N am ("Southern Country," theancient name for the old empire ofAnnam).After the defeat of the French atthe hands of the Japanese, the An­namese proclaimed their independ­ence in 1942. Nevertheless, the Pots­dam Conference of 1945 decided thatafter the defeat of Japan, Indo-Chinashould be reoccupied. In the south ofthe peninsula the occupation was un­dertaken by combined French andMANCHURIABritish forces, and in the north byunits of the Chinese Nationalistarmies. In the areas under their call' 'trol the Chinese were much less call' Icerned than the Western forces about Ihelping to re-establish French juris'diction, and hence permitted theprogram of the Viet N am to proceed Iapace. By 1946, however, an arrange'ment was concluded by which Chillaagreed to withdraw from Indo-Chin­for special economic and territorialconcessions from France. It was at thiSpoint that the war in Indo-China be'gain in earnest.French Prestige at StakeTo the French, Indo-China is notonly one of their most important colo'nies; it is also an important hall,mark of France's prestige in the world,and pretty much all that is left of herNapoleonic dream of empire. Prob'ably no political party in France couldhold power for long if it should ad,vocate independence for Viet NaJ1l·Even the French Communists, whOhave suffered politically in Franceover the affair in Indo-China, didnot dare until the beginning of 1950to support Ho Chi Minh officiallyTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE,All French parties have been obligedt!to cut out their Indo-China clothf�Ccording to the pattern designed forIn.em in 1945 by General DeGaulle.For like Winston· Churchill, De­?aulle did not propose to preside overthe dissolution of an empire. AfterI the downfall of the Vichy regime,p.eGaulle busied himself with organ­$ZIng'the "French Union," avowedlya federal organization of metropoli­rtan France and its overseas practice, the French Union hasSo far meant for Indo-China the con­tinuation with slight modifications ofth.e traditional' French system ofCOntrol. The French Constitution ofOctober, 1946, leaves no room fordominion status or independence. Ac­'Cording to the French plan, Indo­China should be organized as aself-governing federation of - states(the number to be determined byFrance) living and cooperating within:the French Union and with each stateeXercising "the freedom and organi­Zation necessary to the developmentof all its reso urces. "The Annamese have not responded�vorablY to these limited proposals.It' ather, they have insisted uponrance recognizing that their govern­lllent has legal jurisdiction over the�ntire peninsula. For a time in 1946It appeared that a compromise set­tlement might be reached. This effortcarne to grief, however, over theqUestion among others of whether or�ot Cochin-China, one of the wealth­�est. of the Indo-Chinese states, shoulde Incorporated within the Viet NamRepublic or should remain technically�utohomous but actually under closerench control. Despite numerousother efforts to arrive at a peaceful�esolution of the struggle, the war inb Udo-China continues to wreak terri-le devastation upon the land and itsPeople. For the French it has con­stituted a serious drain upop their�el,atively slender manpower and.nancial resources. In terms of pres­�ge they have also lost considerablyY their inability to wind up quickly�hat was originally advertised as aPolice action." .h The events of 1950 have brought� e plight of France in Indo-ChinaInto sharp focus for the rest of the�orld. Unable to conclude a satisfac­tory compromise with Ho Chi Minh,h�e French in 1949 decided to ignoreIS government and to work for theestablishment of a Viet Nam regimeJA�\mARY 1951, under non-Communist leadership. Intheir search for a candidate they re­peatedly called upon Bao Dai, whohad been emperor of Annam underFrench supervision from 1932 untilthe Annamese forced his abdication in1945. Under considerable pressureTHE AUTHORDonald Lach, PhD '41 Assist­ant Professor of Modern Historyat the University, s pen t theacademic year of 1949-50 as aFulbright research s c h 0 l a r inFrance. In Paris he observedfirst-hand the reactions of theFrench people to the affair inIndo-China. "Feeling ran veryhigh, in the general public," hereports. "Y'ou could always geta parlour discussion started andeven your waiters or cab driverswere eager to voice their opin­ion. You could find Communistbill boa r d s condemning theaction as outside the Frenchtradition of liberty."The only issue that Lac hfound of comparable interest tothe French public is the prob­lem they call the cc coca-colazationdu monde:" Although coca-colahas become quite fashionable,(The foppish set con si d e r itquite smart to sip coca-cola in­stead of apertifs, the company'shigh powered advertising hasaroused considerable resent­ment."Actually, Lach adds, coca-· .... /tola is not "as unrelated to I ndo- ".China as it may seem. The Coin­munists have attacked both asexamples of imperialism.On the American scene, Lachtaught summer school at theUniversity for several sessions be­fore he joined the faculty per­manently in 1948. He likes be­ing on campus for several rea­sons, the intellectual atmosphere,the chance to do a maximumof research, and the good stu­dents. "This is not his first dis­cussion '�f far eastern problems;Lach is co-author with H. F.MeN air of ((Modern Far East­ern In iomational Relations"--publishid in 1950. Bao Dai finally agreed in the springof 1949 to head a French-spon­sored but nominally independent VietNam government. At the end of theyear the ex-emperor with the sup­port of French troops assumed "con­trol" over Annam, Tonkin, andCochin-China. Already in disreputebecause of his alleged J apanese-collab­orationist activities-the Annameseopposed idomination by the Japaneseas well as the French-Bao Dai byaccepting this dubious distinction shedneither honor nor lustre on his ownname or on that of the French Union.With the creation of the Bao Dairegime Indo-China became a focalpoint in the world wide struggle ofCommunists against non-Communists.In sharp response to the French ac­tion, the governments of China, Rus­sia, and the European satellites ofRussia accorded official recognition tothe Viet N am Republic of Ho ChiMinh. As a reply to the Communistaction, the United States and GreatBritain in February, 1950, recognizedthe Viet Nam government of Bao Dai.Thus, the world struggle was joinedin another area and without seriousregard on either side for the merits ofthe local contestants. During the pastsummer the prospect of a United Na­tions intervention in Indo-China be­gan to be aired, particularly when itappeared that the Korean enterprisemight be quickly brought to a suc­cessful conclusion.Any Case for UN Intervention?The moral ana legal case for UnitedNations intervention in Indo-China isalmost 'completely lacking. The 38thparallel, as unrealistic as it was as afrontier in K6rea, was agreed uponby the big pO�ers. I n southern Koreaa native gdbernment· existed whichhad come tp power through electionssupervised by the United Nations andnot throilgh political appointment bya foreign colonial power. After theKorean elections the United Nationsrecognized the government of the Re­public of Korea at Seoul as the legalgovernment of the entire peninsula.The UN, though morally bound toendeavor to preserve peace, has noofficial obligation to either of thecontesting governments within Indo­China. Nor is the United Nationscommitted Jo aid in the re-establish­ment of French colonialism over part( Continued on page 22)15News of the QuadranglesMan Is A NewcomerBy Jeannette LowreyMODERN MAN is a comparativenewcomer on earth, with a pastextending back about a mere 50',0'0'0'years, Sherwood L. Washburn, asso­ciate professor of physical anthropol­ogy, told members of the university'sCitizens Board at their annual dinner.Laboratory experiments which forthe first time imitate basic evolution­ary patterns tend to confirm the newscientific theory that man's develop­ment required much less than theassumed period of about a millionyears.Changes in the bony structure ofmammals, including the human race,might not have required many slowevolutionary steps for their develop­ment, Washburn's own work indicates.The development from the pro­nounced brow ridges of the ape tothe smooth forehead of man couldhave resulted from a few drasticchanges in the muscles of the head.The brain, the latest piece of hu­man equipment, likewise could havebeen produced abruptly instead ofthrough many ·slow evolutionaryphases. In his own laboratory, Washburnhas been able, by cutting variousmuscles, to modify drastically theskull form of rats in a way that par­allels evolutionary steps.Modern evolutionary theory, ascontrasted to classic concept, sug­gests that parts of the human bodyevolved at quite different times in­stead of as a single unit. Insteadof leading the evolutionary parade, asearlier evolutionist's thought, the brain,which sets man apart from the othermammals, was the last of his equip­ment to develop.The structure of man's trunk andarms is roughly ten million years old,and the leg structure, which permitsman to walk upright, is approximatelya million years old. But the humanbrain, marking the appearance ofman, well may have appeared only50',0'00' years ago.On the basis of his laboratory ex­periments, Washburn said, manyfewer changes in genes-the factorswhich control heredity-may have.been required for the revolutionaryand distinctive appearance of modern16 Hand holding wood dating to the last ice age 12,000 years ago.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINf1man, for the skull capacity could Ihave been enlarged by a small nuI1l'ber of modifications.The evidence developed by the'Chicago scientist checks with re�search of other scientists, particularlywith new methods of dating. The'"atomic calendar" of Willard "Libby, professor of chemistry in theUniversity of Chicago's Institute fotNuclear Studies, puts the end of thelast Ice Age at 12,00'0' years ag�instead of the 25,0'0'0' previously as'sumed. Another and more direct con­firmation comes 'from. studies in Eng­land, which date fossil bones by theirfluoride content. These have indiocated that skulls and bones of fossifman are much younger than previously thought.Nursing SeminarA FIVE-MONTH seminar onnursing services administre:tion, designed to develop the bestnursing administration curriculum­will open January 15 at the Universitfof Chicago under a $100',0'0'0' grantto the University from the W. J{..Kellogg Foundation.A nation-wide study, to be directedby Herman Finer, University of Chi·cago professor of political science, the'project will be a cooperative prograJl1with major universities and govern'ment and public health agencies paP'ticipating."At present, there is not only a lackof well-trained nursing administratorsbut also a lack of well-trained edt,!'"cators of nursing administrators,"Finer said in announcing the project·"There is a need to improve ad,ministration of nursing through alllevels of professional and non-profc"sional nursing services. The urgencYis felt particularly with the rising;standard of medical service the nationdemands, the rapid application of neWscientific discoveries, and the nation'S:mobilization for defense," he said.Under the Kellogg F ounda tiot1grant, authorities in the administr'"tive, medical and nursing fields wiJibe invited to participate in seminarprocedures. The foundation will alsOconsider financially aiding in the fuf'ther development of programs of stud$in each university, as each imple'ments the seminar findings in its owojudgment and the use of its local re'sources.New Astronomy ChairmanB ENGT STROMGREN, interna­tionally-known Danish astro­physicist, has been appointed profes­sor of astronomy and chairman ofthe department of astronomy.Stromgren, whose appointment iseffective January 1, 1951, will alsobe director of the University of Chi­cago observatory, Yerkes Observatory,at Williams Bay, Wisconsin, and ofMcDonald Observatory, the U niver­sity of Texas-University of Chicagoco-operatively-operated observatory atFort Davis, Texas.Director of the Copenhagen Uni­versity observatory and professor ofastronomy, Stromgren succeeds OttoStruve, now at the University of Cali­fornia.One of the leading authorities inthe field of theoretical astrophysics,Stromgren received the $5,0.0.0. Augus­tinus prize this year for his accom­plishments in astronomy and astro­physics.He served as an associate professorof astronomy at the University of Chi­cago in 1936-37 and as a visiting pro­fessor in 1947-48, and was in theUnited States this year as visiting Pro­fessor at both California Institute ofTechnology and Princeton University.An honorary member of the Ameri­can Astronomical Society, the 42-year­old astrophysicist is a member of theR.0yai Danish Academy of Sciencesand Letters, the Danish TechnicalAcademy, the Royal Astronomical So­ciety, the Royal Swedish Academy of�ciences, and the Royal Physiograph­-cal Society.He served as general secretary ofthe International Astronomical Unionin 1948 and as a member of the execu­tive committee of the InternationalCouncil of Scientific Unions.Research is InternationalINDUSTRIAL sponsorship of the. University of Chicago's researchInstitutes in nuclear science and metalsbecame international with AluminiumLaboratories Limited, of Montreal,becoming the 27th member of thesponsoring group., The Canadian firm, the researchsUbsidiary of Aluminium Limited, isthe first sponsoring firm with head­qUarters and operation outside theDnited States.JANUARY, 1951 Aluminium's sponsorship has takenthe form of an industrial member­ship in the Institute for the Studyof Metals. This institute, togetherwith the Institute of Radiobiology andBiophysics and the Institute for Nu­clear Studies, form the Universityof Chicago's $12,50.0.,0.0.0. postwar pro­gram for basic scientific research andthe investigation of the peacetimepotentialities of the atom.Million-Dollar CafeteriaA MILLION-DOLLAR cafeteriaand kitchen installation for theUniversity of Chicago medical centerhas been completed.The dining area, designed to ac­commodate 350. persons at one time,or 1,20.0. during a single meal, servicesout-patients, visitors, and the em­ployees of Albert Merritt Billings,Chicago Lying-in, Bobs Roberts Me­morial Hospital for Children, theNathan Goldblatt Memorial Hospital,and the Home for Destitute CrippledChildren.Employees in the projected ArgonneNational Hospital, the Gilman SmithHospital on Infectious Diseases, andthe Gertrude Hicks Orthopedic Me­morial Hospital will also be servedin the cafeteria.Located in the inner court of Bill­ings hospital, the cafeteria and kitchenfacilities occupy the basement andconnect with corridors in the sur­rounding wings. A gift shop, withpaneling and cases of rift sawn oak,and a snack bar, to be served from the kitchen below by dumb-waiter,will be located on the first-floor level.The main dining room, 70. by 56feet, is decorated in alternating panelsof limed oak paneling and plaster. Anoff-white plaster acoustic ceiling withrecessed incandescent lights and a ter­raza floor and base complete thedecor.Four small dining rooms for doc­tors and internes can be separated byfolding doors or opened into one largerunit.How many students?Enrollment in the University ofChicago, with a veteran drop of morethan 1,0.0.0. students, is down only 9.8percent from the 1949 autumn en­roll men t, according to RegistrarErnest C. Miller.Total registration is 8,0.80. in com­parison with the 8,963 figure for 1949.Veterans on the campus number2,323. In 1949, 3,357 veterans wereregistered.$25,O�O for Cancer FightTHE Albert G. Joseph CancerResearch Foundation, organizedthis spring to support the Universityof Chicago cancer research center,presented a $25,0.0.0. gift to the uni­versity.The foundation, organized in mem­ory of the late president of City Fur­niture Company who died of cancer,has a 60-member board of trusteesand has received contributions frommore than 50.0. retail furniture menand dealers in allied business.White clad interns and doctors talk shop in Billings new cafeteria.17Reflections after five,. of Miss Finn who has served theUniversity for the past 25 years, notonly faithfully but with great skill,I must refer to a remark which Mr.Robert Redfield made at a recentmeeting of the Committee of theCouncil. He said if anyone wantedto know who really ran the U niver­sity, he could tell them by naming theseveral important women around the.institution who are the real forces.I. .must be frank enough to admitthat my professional life and workare in the hands of four most capablewomen, Miss Finn keeps me in lineas Secretary of the F acuities; mypersonal secretary, Suga Baba, keepsme in line generally and takes careof the. mLtItitude of telephone callsand callers at the desk with the great­est tact and poise; Marjory Benedict,as the Secretary for the Committeeon Fellowships and Scholarships, pre­sides over this vast, complex area andprovides me with accurate informa:-tion on every angle of the entire pro­cedure; and Dorothy Denton, as officemanager and general auditor of theorganization, helps me prepare thebudgets and keeps an eagle eye notonly on the Office of the Dean ofStudents but the sphere of studentclubs and activities. Since there aremore then 150 clubs and organiza­tions on campus, you may understandthe complexity of her position. Whenanyone of these four is away fromthe office, my efficiency is immedi­ately reduced. Should all four un­happily be away some day, the truthwill be out about my organization.A FIESTA FOR GOOD NEIGHBORSBy Robert Strozier, Dean of StudentsOUR GOOD neighbors to thesouth get but scant attentiontoday with the reconstruction ofEurope the center of our attentionand the orient now the focus. It wasthus particularly gratifying to attendthe Pan-American Ball at Interna­tional House on the first night of De­cember and to see gathered thereseveral hundred friends of Latin­America plus the Latins themselves.Mrs. Elinor Robson, who hastaught Spanish in the LaboratorySchool for several years, has been atireless worker for better relationshipsbetween the Latins and the' NorthAmericans. She has fought againstgreat odds to see that the channelsof communications are kept openand that the sensitive nature of theLatins is understood by Americans.The celebration on December firstwas a great tribute to her, although,of course, it represented the cooper­ative effort of many people. Most ofthem, however, would never havebeen stirred from their usual lethargyhad it not been for Mrs. Robson andher good work. All the national roomson the mezzanine floor of the Housewere used to display the arts andcrafts of vanous Latin-Americant8 countries, and the main ballroom wasc. delightful spectacle.Social WhirlSocial life on campus is very activeduring the fall with all of the C­Dances, special parties, and our onebig formal affair, the InterfraternityBall. The Bob W oellners and we wenttogether again this year. to the Con­gress where the Ball was held, and, asusual, were' pleased to See the trans­formation from the slacks, sloppyshoes and general careless dress onesees 'about the campus effected by thebeautiful, well-dressed young girls andhandsome young men who suddenlyappeared at the Ball. Miss DeloresRasbid was chosen queen, represent­ing Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. Ithink I have said this before, but Imust .repeat my wish that everyalumnus who thinks the Universityis made up of anemic quiz kids shouldattend a large ball, a basketball orbaseball .game, and really see thesemarty other attractive facets of studentlife.The administration obviously hasfelt that I didn't have enough to do,so it has now appointed me Secre­tary of the Faculties, which meansthat I am listening to more talk thanc"ny man I know. This new assign­ment includes attending all the meet­ings of the faculty, the Committeeof the Council, the Council, theUniversity Senate, and all rulingbodies of the University and seeingthat minutes are properly kept anddistributed on all of these meetings.Most of' you know the discursivehabits of faculty members, and can'sympathize with me in this newchore.Powers Behind the DeanWere it not for Gladys L.. Finn,'24, who is the real spark-plug ofthe Office of . the Secretary of theFaculties, I would be . lost. And speak- A Tribute to Mr. HickeyMany of you knew Richard Hickey,an alumnus of the University, affec­tionately as Dick, for he served theUniversity for many years in the RealEstate Office. His death on the lastSaturday of November represented'a great loss to the University, al-. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthough the members of his family andfriends have' known it was inevitableafter he contracted an incurable dis­ease last year. Dick served with uson the Settlement Board, he was amember of the Council of theQuadrangle Club, a frequent tennisplayer, and a person who by his highgood humour and natural generosityand spontaneity made friends every­where he went. Many members of thecommunity were present Monday fol­!owing his death at a memorial serv­Ice in the Hyde' Park Baptist Church.Mildred, his wife, and the two younggirls have the deepest sympathy ofthe en tire U ni versi ty.My annual visit to the GreaterBethesda Baptist Church this year oc­Clirred oil what was probably thecoldest night of the year. I thoughtthat my friend, Lester Brown, wouldSurely meet me at the door and telltne that I 'might as well go home, so,I Was highly' 'flattered when a few'People showed up. Among them wasTom Je�kins, a student at the Uni­Versity, who has recently been electedPresident of the National Association�f. Cooperative Houses. He and hisr�ends have operated the Cooper-atIve on Ellis Avenue, which has beenSubject to many law suits because?f its situation among the old homes� the section around 49th Street.he Coop has finally lost the suit�nd must move out on December 15.Ut to return to Tom, I first met himht the Bethesda Church at the time. e Was attending one of the cityJUnior colleges. A young man whoWas graduated from NorthwesternConducted a forum-discussion aftermy talk on Lend-Lease of _Learning.IV 0 Problem, '<i,<,.-.-:�;;t.A. Japane�' professor visited me re­cently ,ittl_d said he was greatly per­pIe:xel'about a problem on his univer­§lty' campus-that of communism. He:�derstood that I had many dealingslth communist groups and perhaps��UI� give him some help in solvingIS sItuation. I was somewhat amusedto realize that well-meaning friendsPtobably assumed that communism� �as a problem on our campus andthat I had considerable experience�th it. I am not entirely sure thatt e professor from Japan believed thatWe had no Communist Club (in thepast 12 months there have not BeenJANUARY 1951, ten people willing to join such a cluband hence be recognized by the Uni­versity). While our students are in­telligent and forthright, and many-are what is called "left wing" in theirpolitics, I certainly cannot say thatcommunism is a problem at the Uni­versity of Chicago.The visitor said that small blocsof communists in his univessity causedenough ill will and bad feeling amongthe students and were so active intheir leadership that they were seri­ously crippling even the academicwork of the institution. He told meabout a recent occasion when a groupof 20 communists had led the entirestudent body of several thousand, inboycotting examinations. He alsotalked to me of Japan's general prob­lems and expressed his fear of anearly withdrawal of the Americans,since the Japanese have had so littleexperience with the, democratic proc­esses. His conversation, while ,1}_ighlyinteresting, was di��.urbing as ,�'e re­lated to me more than I have knownor read about communist activities inJapan. ,<+)j;;'"I nte��ational MarriageProfessor Yves Simon, of the Com­mittee on Social Thought, HelenTatibenBlatt, of International House,Margaret and I had a most interest­ing dinner at the home of two for­eign students who have married sinceth�,�/'�ame to the University to study.'Ir�ncois d'Heurle is a youngFrench boy, from. a family of engi­neers, who went to a college in Michi­gan to study engineering but foundthat his real interest lay in the Hu­manities. He was attracted by theCommittee on Social Thought andcame here, and logically, to Inter­national House. Adma Jeha fromLebanon arrived about the same timefrom her native country to prepareherself for teaching. When Francoisand Adma were married last springafter much conferring between themand their families, they found an at­tractive apartment across the Midwayand set up a charming home. Theyare both employed part-time at theUniversity and are keen, able, and at­tractive young peope. Adma invitedu§ to a true Lebanese dinner, andI must say that it was a real experi­ence. I don't know how a young girlwho does upper-level graduate work,works half-time, and runs a house canperform such feats. Staff NewsThe staff provides some news thismonth, since Bob Woellner has beenin Minneapolis at a conference ofadministrators of College and Uni­versity Counseling Program; Mrs.McCarn represented us in Blooming­ton, Illinois, on a Conference on Re­ligion in the Colleges and U niversi­ties; and Bill Birenbaum J.D. '49, hastwo points to his credit-one, thathe has represented us at a Conferenceon Housing, in Minnesota, but mostimportant of all, that he and HelenBlock, a most attractive graduate stu­dent in the Division of the Social Sci­ences, have announced their engage­ment. They hope to be married inMarch and to honeymoon both inMarch and during the summer whena longer vacation period occurs.The Committee on Student Inter­ests met in November in a privatedining room at the Quadrangle Club,and at the suggestion of Mr. Sherer,the wives were invited as a courtesyto Mrs. McCarn, assistant dean, whowas a guest of the Committee. Shetold about her work with women onthe. campus and also what she is do­ing as head of our entire programwith the high schools and preparatoryschools, particularly with respect tonew students.Fulbright SelectionsThe Fulbright Committee, aboutwhich I told you, had its final ses­sions-and what sessions! All of usmet one noon, after each person hadcarried on 30 to 45 minute interviewswi th persons assigned him. We thencontinued our sessions throughout thatentire afternoon until dinner time.We began again early Saturday.morn­ing and went through a long andtedious meeting. Even the Commit­tee members who are. constantly intouch with outstanding students inthe various departments were almostoverwhelmed by the quality of thecandidates presented to us for Ful­bright scholarships. We could not rec­ommend them all and they were notall of the same quality, but those Wedid recommend should stand up inany competition anywhere at anytime.Whenever I examine the records ofour top-flight students, },' breathe asilent prayer of thankfulness that mydegree is behind .me and that I amnot in competition with these people;19This alumni hraintrust meets once a month to ponderthe answer to an absorbing question: how to raisemore money for the Alumni GiftCHICAGO'S "21" CLUBTHERE ARE 21 alumni servingon the Board of Directors of theAlumni Foundation, for the Chicagoarea. Once a month they meet at thedowntown board room of .the Uni­versity to discuss new approaches tothat absorbing and perennial ques­tion: how to raise more money thisyear, more efficiently, for the AlumniGift.They represent a. wide variety ofprofessions and· talents, and wethought you might like to meet thesix people, brand-newly-elected to theBoard, whose three-year term beginsthis year.Mrs. William H. Rothermel, r-,She was Theresa Nelson, secretaryof the class of '20, and since '25 hasbeen a resident of Winnetka, Illinoisand a very active citizen and spark­plug thereof . . . as President' of theWinnetka League of Women Voters,also serving on its Cook County Board... and, during World War II, as aprime organizer of civilian defenseand vice president of Home Service,20 'of the American Red Cross. She isalso a pillar of the Woman's Societyof the Winnetka CongregationalChurch. "In the meantime," she adds,modestly, "I have raised two children,both now married."Wrisley B. Oleson ·'18He is president of Allen B. Wris­ley Co., which manufactures soapsand toiletries, and has long and wellserved his University. Not only didhe marry an alumna, Harriet Curry,, 18, but he has served as: pre sid en tof the Chicago Alumni Club andAlumni Association; as a member ofthe Citizen's Board, the Council onMedical and Biological Research, theCommittee on Development and theAmerican Meat Institute. Apart fromhis business and University interests,he has been vice president and di­rector of the Employer's Associationof Chicago, a member of the GlenEllyn Board of Education, and a di­rector and president of the ClearingIndustrial Association. Charles Harting Percy, '40This young man, who became presirdent of Bell and Howell Companya;t29, is already something of a locallegend. As almost every one knoW�he worked his way through New TriefHigh School and the University, andnot only fully supported himself, all@helped out his family, but, by grad,uation wound up the owner of a ca1'and a substantial bank account.He was president of Alpha DeltaPhi, IF Council, Owl and Serpentand a campus religious group; cap'tain of the University's Big TellChampionship water polo team anda University marshal.As an undergraduate he workedin the cooperative training progra!J1of Band H, meandering through a�'most every company department, untIlhe became a fulltime employe in '41.By '42, and the age of 23, he was, ofcourse, a member of the Board ofDirectors. Enlisting then as an ap'prentice seaman, he rose to the ran�of lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, andcame back to Band H after the waf.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFollowing the death of PresidentJoseph McNabb in '48, he becamepresident, in the best Horatio Algertradition..Be is newly remarried and livesWIth his wife and three children inWilmette.Mrs. George Simpson '18She was Barbara Miller and isanother alumna who seems to havefo�nd time to do just about every­�h�ng. Her biographical data notesnefly that she now is President ofthe Board of Managers, of the Chi­Cago Child Care Society; asst. treas­Urer of the Hyde Park Neighborhood�l�b, and recording secretary of theYIng-In Hospital Board ... and that�he has been president of the Hydeark League of Women Voters andthe U of C Alumnae Club. Her son,Northrup, is now a senior at AmherstCOllege..Julian Jackson, '31The year '31, as some people mayre�ember vividly, was the year in�hlch there were no newspaper jobsOr would-be newspaper men. So,Says alumnus Jackson, "I started out by bartering a very meager know­ledge of press' agentry for a hotelroom at the Pearson Hotel, food atthe fondly-remembered LouisianneRestaurant and bourbon from a thirdclient. I served an internship at theWorld's Fair in '33 and '34, handlingpublicity. for the Belgian Village, theMidget Village, the Colonial Village,and a watery extravaganza call e dNeptune's Follies." From '35 to '37he was associated with the Theodore R. Sills Agency, and since '37 hasheaded up his own agency. His clientsinclude the Disabled Arne ric a nVeterans, the National Association ofRetail Grocers, the Ravinia Festival,the Georgian Bay Line and ChicagoHistorical Society. In '48 he headedup the Publicity Club of Chicago.Denton H. SparksMr. Sparks has been in touch withthe campus since he played footballand graduated from the school ofcommerce and administration withthe class of '16. He spent the periodfrom his graduation to 1923, minustwo years spent as a second lieuten­ant of Army ordinance, traveling forthe Macmillan Publishing Company.In '23 he joined A. C. McClurg andCompany, a Chicago book merchan­dising firm, and became president ofthe organization in '36. Since thenhe has "been busy with business"which means he has been busy circu­lating books to libraries and dealers.His knowledge of what goes on oncampus, however, has been kept upto date by daughter Gail and sonKenneth, both of whom graduatedwi th the class of '48.Mark your calendar forSUNDAY, MAR,CH 18, 1951MIDYEAR REUNION ON THE MIDWAYNBC Round Table Broadcast from MandelDinner at Hutchinson Commons Tours toDepartmental Open Houses.The annualJANUARY 1951,Indo China (Continued from page 15)or all of the peninsula.We have already mentioned thatstrategically Indo-China is not so cru­cially located as Korea and thereforeis perhaps not so vital either to us orto the Chinese. In case of a UnitedNations intervention the French wouldprobably take the leading role, aidedby substantial support in arms andmen from the United States and GreatBritain. There is, however, a longtradition in Indo-China of native hos­tility against the French that is par­alleled in Korean history only by na­tive hostility towards the Japanese. InIndo-China, therefore, although an in­tervening force could expect better in­formation from the well-informedFrench than the United Nations haspossessed about Korea, more intenseand bitter hostility from the nativepopulation might also be encountered.From China's viewpoint such an inter­vention would probably be lookedupon as a possible threat to her vitalCanton area and to southwest China.As in Korea, we have reason to be­lieve that close connections exist be­tween native and Chinese Commu­nists, and that they would stand to­gether as they have in Korea. Theproblems of the United Nations wouldbe more complicated in Indo-Chinaalso by not having a nearby supplyand military base comparable toJapan. After our experience in Korea,and since we now know almost for cer­tain that the Chinese Communists willfight if they think their real interestsare being threatened, an interventionin Indo-China would seem at thisjuncture a grave political and militaryrisk, in addition to being of dubiousmorality.Cannot Alter EventsNeither the United States nor theUnited Nations (as now organized)has the power to alter materially thecourse of events on the eastern Asiaticmainland. With tremendous expendi­tures in manpower and arms we cando little more than check for a timethe development of nativist regimes,whether Communist or non-Commu­nist. Proposals to establish a UnitedNations trusteeship over Indo-Chinafail to take into account sufficientlythe determination of both the Frenchand the Annamese to see their ownprograms fulfilled.22 pouring supplies and men into nu­merous scattered points in Asia whereour national interests are not vital,it would seem that the better part ofwisdom is to concentrate our atten­tion upon Europe and to pursue onthe Asiatic mainland a policy ofwatchful defense. Whether we likewhat is happening in Indo-China ofnot, there is little that we can orshould do about it for interventionwould almost certainly require an ex­penditure of resources disproportion­ate to any possible advantage.So long as China remains bellig­erently tied to Communism and to ananti-American policy we can hardlyhope to hold more than beachheadson the continental approaches toChina. Our practical experience inKorea has taught us that to hold suchbeachheads can be extremely expen­sive and dangerous. A war with Chinamight be even disastrous to.J?ur wholeinternational position. Rather" "thanFOR A VACATION WHERE IT'S WARMBrooks Brothers have a wide selectionof clothing for all occasionsWe have an outstanding selection of colorfulsport and beachwear for the man who spends partof the Winter in the South. Many of the items aremade in our own workrooms, and all are carefullychosen to assure that they are distinctive and in­dividual.In addition we have white dinner jackets andaccessories for evening wear ... all traditionallyBrooks Brothers in workmanship and. good taste.lllustrated Southerntoear Booklet Sent Upon Request346 MADISON AVENUE, COR. 44TH ST., NEW YORK 17, N. YMADISON STREET AT MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 2, ILL.BOSTON· LOS ANGELES· SAN FRANCISCO, THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAqAZ-TN£,:,JANUARY EVENTSTuesday, January 2PUBLIC LECTURE-H. Stefan Sccultz, Assistant Professor ofGe�man, University of Chicago, "Thomas Mann." Alumni]senes on the Classics of Contemporary Literature. Room 126,Udd Hall, 7:30 p.m. Admission by series ticket only.Thursday, January 4PU�LIC LECTURE-Hans J. Morgenthau, Professor of Politica�SC!�nce, University of Chicago, "The Political Scientist." Alumnise�Ies on Approaches to Peace. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m.AUiUlssion by series ticket only.Sunday, January 7RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th and�oQdlawn), 11 a.m., Douglas V. Steere, Professor of Philosophy,aVel t;)rd College.Tuesday, January 9PUBLIC LECTURE-V. Howard Talley, Assistant Professor ofMusic, University of Chicago, "Wagner and the Opera 1."Alumni series on The Opera. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m.Admission by series ticket only. .Thursday, January 11PUBLIC LECTURE-Ward C. Halstead, Professor of Experi­tnental Psychology, University of Chicago, "Higher MentalProcesses and the Brain." Alumni series on Frontiers in Psy­C�ology. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m. Admission by seriestIcket only.Friday, January 12PUBLIC LECTURE-Mortimer Adler, Professor of Philosophy oflaw, University of Chicago. "Being and Becoming: Substance�d Change." Fifth lecture in a series on western ideas. 32S est Randolph St., 7:30 p.m. Single admission, $1.50.,WI:M:MING-Chicago vs. Detroit at Bartlett Gymnasium (57thand University). 7:30 p.m.Saturday, January 13BASKETBALL-Illinois Tech. at the Field House (56th and Uni­FEV��rsity Ave.), 8 p.m.l�CING-Chicago vs. Northwestern at Bartlett GymnasiumG,�57th and University). 2:00 p.m.{M�ASTICS-Chicago vs. Illinois-Navy Pier at Batrlett Gym­W naslUm (57th and University). 2:00 p.m.l{ESTLING-Chicago vs. Illinois Tech. at Illinois Tech.OAS:K-Chicago vs. Monmouth at the Field House (56th andnlversity). 2:00 p.m.Sunday, January 14R�IGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th and. oodlawn) , 11 a.m. The Reverend Wallace W. Robbins. Asso­CIate Dean of the Chapel.P Tuesday, January 16DBLIC LECTURE-Gosta Franzen, Associate Professor ofSca�dinavian Languages, University of Chicago, "The Scandi­navIan Dramatists." Alumni series on the Classics of Contem­torary Literature. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m. AdmissionY series ticket only.B Wednesday, January 17ASKETBALL-Chicago Teachers College at the Field House(56th and University Ave.), 8 p.m.P. Thursday, January 18 'DBLIC LECTURE-Malcolm P. Sharp, Professor of Law, Uni­- Versity of Chicago, "The Lawyer." Alumni series on Ap­proaches to Peace. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m. Admissionby series ticket only.P . Friday, January 19DBLIC CONCER T �Loewenguth Quartet, Beethoven, Quartet,b major, Opus 18, No.3. Egon Wellesz, Quartet. Albert Rous­til,. Quartet, D major, Opus 45. Leon Mandel Hall (57th andS'" nlversity Ave), 8:30 p.m. $1.5�. .vvIMMING-Chlcago vs. St. LOUIS at St. LOUIS.JANUARY 1951, Saturday, January 20GYMNASTICS-Chicago vs. Northwestern at Bartlett Gymnasium(57th and University). 2:00 p.m.SWIMMING-Chicago vs. Washington at St. Louis.WRESTLING-Chicago vs. Illinois Normal at Normal.Sunday, January 21RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn), 11 a.m. The Reverend Reinhold Niebuhr, Pro­fessor of Applied Christianity, Union Theological Seminary,New York City. .Monday, January 22PUBLIC LECTURE-Eric Voegelin, Professor of Political Science,Louisiana State University, first lecture in the Walgreen Foun­dation series on "The Theory of Representative Government.",�. Social Sciences 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.Tuesday, January 23PUBLIC LECTURE-V. Howard Talley, Assistant Professor ofMusic, University of Chicago, "Wagner and the Opera II.'Alumni series on the Opera. Room 126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m.Admission by series ticket .only.Wednesday, January 24PUBLIC LECTURE-Eric Voegelin, Professor of Political Science,Louisiana State University, second lecture in the WalgreenFoundation series on "The Theory of Representative Govern­ment." Social Sciences 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.Thursday, January 25PUBLIC LECTURE-Donald W. Fiske, Research Associate inPsychology, University of Chicago, "Prediction of ProfessionalCompetence." Alumni series on Frontiers in Psychology. Room126, Judd Hall, 7:30 p.m. Admission by series ticket only.Friday, January 26PUBLIC LECTURE-Eric Voegelin, Professor of Political Science,Louisiana State University, third lecture in the Walgreen Foun­dation series on "The Theory of Representative Government."Social Sciences 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.Saturday, January 27BASKET'BALL-Albion College at the Field House (56th andUniversity Ave.), 8 p.m.FENCING-Chicago vs. Northwestern at Evanston, 2:00 p.m.TRACK-Chicago vs. Albion at the Field House (56th and Uni­versity). 2:00 p.m.WRESTLING-Chicago vs. Wheaton at the Field House (56th andUniversity). 9:30 p.m .Sunday, January 28RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn), 11 a.m. The Reverend John B. Thompson, Deanof the Chapel.Monday, January 29PUBLIC LECTURE-Eric Voegelin, Professor of Political Science,Louisiana State University, fourth lecture in the Walgreen Foun­dation series oil "The Theory of Representative Government."Social Sciences 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.Tuesday, January 30PUBLIC LECTURE-Napier. Wilt, Professor of English andChairman of the Department of English Language and Litera­ture, University of Chicago, "Henry James." Alumni series onthe Classics of Contemporary Literature. Room 126, Judd Hall,7:30 p.m. Admission by series ticket only.Wednesday, January' 31PUBLIC LECTURE-Eric Voegelin, Professor of Political Science,Louisiana State University, fifth lecture in the Walgreen Foun­dation series on "The Theory of Representative Government."Social Sciences 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.231901Fiftieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 30 report they plan to return­indicated by asterick (*) before thename.Francis Baldwin: "If I am in Chicago Iwill be with you. We are in St. Petersburg,Florida and do not know where we will bein June. Best regards."'" Minnie Barnard' is the wife of AlfredLewy, Rush MD '98. They are living inChicago.Henry J. Bruere, chairman of the boardof the Bowery Saving Bank, New York, wasawarded a gold medal for "distinguishedservice to humanity" by the National In­stitute of Social Sciences on November 1,1950. His citation was for leadership "in thepromotion of better municipal administra­tion throughout the United States."* Henrietta H. Chase lives in South Pasa­dena, California. Her stepson is a coloneland deputy commander at Wright Field."Patterson A.F.B., was in Africa all duringthe late war. Our only daughter is happilymarried and has two children."::: Marian Fairman has a fifty-year recordas Class secretary. She has helped arrangethe Class reunions for the 25th, 35th, 40th,and 45th reunions and, of course, will bein on the 50th which she hopes "will bebigger and better." "Used to be active inThe King's Daughters work and am in­terested in geneology, birds, music, andreading-trying to keep up with the times."James F. Hosie, PhM '02, is retired fromteaching and is living in Winter Park,Florida.'" Walter L. Hudson, a retired officer ofthe Harris Trust and Savings Bank, Chi­cago, lives in San Diego, California. "I dohope to return in June, but at this timeit is uncertain."'" Oliver LeRoy McCaskill, JD '06, is pro­fessor of law at Hastings College of Law(University of California in San Francisco)."Member of the much advertised Sixty-FiveClub, a faculty which requires for quali­fication an age of 65 or more; retirementon a retirement plan from a leading lawschool; and retention of physical and men­tal powers. Life begins at 65 instead of end­ing. Because of the risk, no academic ten­ure. Just an opportunity to drink of theelixer of life instead of dying on the dole.A spiritual diet to look younger and livelonger without blacks trap molasses!"'" Roy B. Nelson, an active and alert mem­ber of the Class of '01, has been retiredfrom teaching since 1919. He lives in St.Petersburg, Florida. "Looking forward eag­erly to the reunion in June."Lucy Osgood lives in Whittier, California.Her husband, W. O. Mendenhall, has re­tired from the presidency of Whittier Col­lege. Their son is a chemical engineer withthe Standard Oil Company of California.,;, Rowland T. Rogers, JD '03, will be onhand "if possible.'" "Spending winter inFort Myers, Florida with Will Doolittlenear."'" Ruth Vail, MD '04, (Mrs. Albert T.Snow) lives in Oak Park and plans to be onthe quadrangles for the reunion.24 1903. The 1950 Honor Scroll Award from theChicago chapter of the American Instituteof Chemists was awarded October 13th toCarl S. Miner, director and founder 'of theMiner Laboratories in Chicago. Carl Mineris well known for the development of chem­ical processes for the utilization of agricul­tural materials. In 1948 he was honoredwith a doctor of science degree from CoeCollege and in 1949 received the PerkinMedal of the Society of Chemical Industry.At the recent presentation it was noted that"he has always accepted and executed hisduties as a chemist with an acute aware­ness of the professional man's ethical re­sponsibility."1904Cora L Smith has retired from teachingand is living in Brooklyn, N. Y.1908The distinguished service award, highesthonor of the National Council of Geogra­phy Teachers, was awarded Vernor C. Finchin recognition of outstanding service in thefield. The engraved leather-bound awardwas made at the annual banquet of theCouncil on November 24, 1950, in Chicago.As chairman of the department of geogra­phy at the University of Wisconsin, Dr.Finch has had a wide influence in the fieldand on generations of students.1909A. M. Khan De Farrokh writes: "I am ex­pecting to find time to write my reminis­cences of the five years (1904-1909) I spenton the campus. I think they will prove mostinteresting to the new generation." Dr. DeDe Farrokh Farrokh is a professor at the University ofTeheran (Iran).Harry Hansen, editor of the World Al­manac, was in Chicago the week-end ofNovember 25th for a reunion of journalistSand authors who were members of a liter­ary discussion group when Harry was lI!journalist in Chicago. The homecomingwas arranged by the Friends of Literature.1911Fortieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 34 report they plan to return­indicated by asterick (*) before thename.::: Edna Mabel Allen, AM '14, of Chicago:"No business; no husband; no news; plat1(to attend reunion) but plans often fail!"Exclamation point ours.* Florence Ames lives in Hibbing, Minne­sota where her husband, Dr. B. S. AdamS,is a physician and surgeon in the AdarnsClinic. "I hope to be there.",;,** A. B. C. radio commentator HihnafR. Baukhage sent an inspiring note frort1Washington in late October: "yesterday :RoYBaldridge, Nat Peffer and I, at a meetingto discuss matters of state, decided that weought to return to our 40th reunion it11951. Peffer lectures in In terna tional Af­fairs (Columbia University), Roy is an ar­tist and author of recent biographical worj{,"Time and Chance," which all ChicagoanSought to read. He was making up the nextissue of "Information Please Almanac'twbe"we interrupted him. He has become veryinterested in typography of late. Besidesbroadcasting, I lecture a little and alwayStry to visit the University. Last spring 1covered "Portex," which was then describedas the last amphibious landing which would'be made."* Edward H. E. Bowlby, of the CablePiano Company, Chicago, writes: "I havebeen very ill-a slight stroke and heart con­dition. Was in the hospital for five weej{sbut am improving and hope to return (0work soon. Am at present visiting my farn­ily (in Princeton, Illinois.)"Elizabeth Campbell Armstrong: "I livealone most of the time in Los Angeles. Dur­ing 1950-51 I shall be in Clarkston, Mich­igan attending my aged mother in herillness. Then I expect to return to LoSAngeles where my daughters are settled."* George )H. Coleman, MD '13, is a phY­sician in. Chicago.E. Olive Davis is dean of women and acollege professor at Principia College inElsah, Illinois. In 1949 she was ci ted fof25 years of service as a dean by the IllinoisAssociation of Deans of Women. "Sorry aufcommencement dates here make my attend­ance at the reunion impossible. My greet­ings to all."'" Mitchell Dawson, JD '14, is a lawyer andwriter in Chicago. His most recent article,Aunt Achsa in Eden, appeared in Woman'sDay, October, 1950, issue.Irene Haire Wilde is a retired tea chefand author living in Los Angeles.Mason Houghland is president of SpUfDistributing Company (oil) of Nashville,Tennessee. "About all I have done recently,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEOUtside of the treadmill of trade has beento Write a book on fox hunting. 'GoneAway' is the title and it was published thisyear (1950)."*. Esmond R. Long, PhD '19, MD '26, isdIrector of Henry Phipps Institute for theStudy, Treatment and Prevention of Tuber­culosis, University of Pennsylvania, in Phila­delphia. He is also director of medical re­search for the National Tuberculosis Asso­�iation. "Have taken part in a number ofInternational medical congresses in Europeand South America. ; . and have kept track?f recovery of Germany from war:t�me .rise�n. t_uberculosis through annual �ISItS smceInltlal assignment as army medical officeru.nder Military Government in 1945. Re­tIred from Army Medical Reserve on,1950." His daughter has one son, makmg�Srnond a grandfather. Esmond'S son, Jun­Ior, is a student at Penn. State.Florence J. Lucasse has retired fromteaching Latin and lives in Swarthmore,:ennsylvania. "I hardly think I can attend51 reunion. If, however, I should happento be on a visit to the Midwest in June,I'll surely come to the Midway."John F. Norton, PhD, has retired fromhis position with the Upjohn Company in!Zalamazoo, Michigan, and is now livingIn State College, Penna.1912John W. MacLennan, AM, has retiredas dean of men and head of the historydepartment at the University of Californiaand is now living in Carmel-by-the-Sea,California.Samuel D. Schwartz, AM '13, of Chicago,recently celebrated his 36th anniversary asExecutive director of Sinai Temple.1913Margaret Greene, has retired �s reco�dclerk at Indiana Girls' School, Indianapolis,and is living in Martinsville, Indiana.Paul H. Perigord, AM, is professor ofFrench civilization at Santa Barbara Col­lege, University of California.1915Elenora M. Wesner, of Seattle, Washing­ton, has retired as a teacher at the Univer­Sity of Washington, German department,after 25 years of service.1917R. Hall Jeschke, Brig. General in theMarine Corps, retired May 1, .1�49, after32 years' service. He is now raising BlackAngus Cattle and a few sheep on his 201acres in Markham, Virginia. Last May, .res­toration was completed and he moved mtothe big stone house "built in 1790, theStone walls vary from 3 to 2 feet thick andJeschke homeJANUARY, 1951 there are five big fireplaces. We live threequarters of a mile south of Markham. Mark­ham is 12 miles east of Front Royal. Weare an hour and a half drive from Wash­ington, via routes 50, 211, 55, and if anyof myoId friends come this way, pleasestop by."Clay Judson, JD, was recently appointedto the board of governors of the MenningerFoundation (psychiatric education, researchand treatment) in Chicago. Willard L. King,JD '17, is also a member of the board.1920John E. Lamar is a geologist with the Illi­nois State Geological Survey, Urbana.1921Thirtieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 76 report they plan to return­indicated by asterick (*) before thename..,' Joseph E. Allegretti,. �� '23? is a P?tsician and surgeon specializing m arthritisin Chicago. Joseph, Jr. is 12, Thomas, 6,and Mark Anthony, 2. The family lives inRiver Forest.'" George W. Artman is a petroleum geol­ogist consultant in Shawnee,. Oklahoma. Heis married and has three children.* Roland F. Barker and wife, Ruth Hess,have a 280-acre farm in Sandwich, Illinois.He is with the manufacturing departmentof the William Wrigley, Jr. Company.Franklin is an ensign in the navy (aviator),and Gordon is with the Marines. Joseph,6, is in the first grade in Sandwich wheremother is a board member. Roland was onthe football squad at Chicago.',' Joseph A. Berry, MD '24, is a sU.rgeonin Tuskegee, Alabama. The three childrenare: Constance, 15; Joeann, 13; and Joseph,Jr., 5.'" Louis Bloom, Business: "None;" News:"None." Maybe we can make him talk atthe reunion, June 8th!'" Milton M. Bowen is vice president andgeneral manager of Hill Hubbell. & Com­pany, a division of the General Paint Com­pany, Cleveland, Ohio. He write�: '? crash�dthe gates last (June) at my WIfe s (LouiseMansmen, '20) thirtieth class reunion. Whynot a bigger and better thirtieth reunionfor Class of '21?" Children: "Three issues;2 girls-married;· one boy-at large."W. G. Brandstadt, MD '24, is married toElizabeth D. Bowen, '22. They live in Wash­ington, D.C., where he is editor of the U. S.Armed Forces Medical Journal.::' Herman D. Carus is president and treas­urer of Matthiessen and Hegeler Zinc Com­pany in LaSalle, Illinois. The company pro­duces rolled zinc, rods, wire and dust. SonFrederick is nine.Warren C. Cavins has been a supervisorof S. S. Kresge stores in Chicago and Kan­sas City. At present h� is IIl_anager of thestore in St. Joseph, MISSOUrI. He has onemarried daughter - living in Aurora, Illi­nois.'" Frank J. Costa, MD '24: of Tampa, Flor­idawrites: "Have three children: Mrs. War­ren Flanagan of San Pedro, CaL, Frank Occidental College, Los Angeles, andArthur A. at Long Beach Junior College.I commute between California and Floridatwo or three times a year by way of Chi­cago, so let's have a grand 1951 reunion."'i' Marian Creyts Gier of Lansing, Mich­igan writes: "My youngest of three childrenstudied at the University of Florence and graduated from there, getting her degreefrom Smith in June, 1950. I joined her inItaly and we went on up through Europeand flew home from London the last of thesummer. Enjoy life as well as three grandchildren."Elmer W. Donahue lives near the Univer­sity and is president of The Wabash ScreenDoor Company in Chicago. His wife isEsther L. McLaughlin. Elmer, Jr., '48, MBA'50, is now in Memphis, Tennessee. Ann is19, Lois, 18, and Andrew, fifteen. ElmerSenior is a member of the College Senateof the Association. At Chicago Elmer was aMarshal, member of 0 & S, and a leaderat the Inter-Class Hop.Orville E. Droege, head of the dairy andpoultry department of Swift & Co. in Chi­cago, was recently elected president of theAmerican Butter Institute, a national asso­ciation of creamery butter manufacturers,of which he has been a director for tenvears,;� Edna Eisendrath Kraus lives at theWindemere East Hotel near the University.Her husband is with the Harmony Com­pany, manufacturers of musical instrum�ntsand "thriving on the ukulele and gUItarboom." A daughter lives in Los Angeleswith a son "and another expected beforeyou go to press." "Tis difficult to be a longdistance grandmother." And we like herclosing line: "I will be glad to help-asbefore-in arranging for a bigger and betterreunion."'" Thomas R. Fisher of Alexandria, Vir­ginia, is chief of the special projects sectionin the State Department, Washington. "Areunion sounds like a good deal to me andif I am in the country at the time I shallbe there."Ellen P. Gleason is registered for ouralumni course in Approaches to Peace andreports the series "wonderful." Her son isassistant professor of physics at the Uni­versity of Tennessee, is state director ofradiological defense, and is doing researchat Oak Ridge. Her husband, Clarence R.Conklin, JD '28 is an attorney. Adrienneis a senior in high school, Tommy is 12,and Melissa is 11. The family lives in Hins­dale. On the Midway Ellen was secretary­treasurer of the Undergraduate Council, aProm Leader, and a Nu Pi Sigma, amongmany activities.::' Joseph B. Hall is president ·of The Kro­ger (groceries) Company, Cincinnati, Ohio.Joseph was on the varsity track team forthree years.Frank J. Hardesty is a petroleum engi­neer and geologist in Long Beach, Cali­fornia. He has been in California since1922 and in Long Beach since 1936. Hisdaughter is married to an aeronautical en­eineer from California Institute of Tech­nology. She will be graduated fr�m Scri�psCollege in June. Son Frank, Jr. lS a seruorin high school. Among other things, Frankwas Prom Leader in his senior year.::' M. Glenn Harding is in managemen t en­�ineering, especially the human relationsfactors, in Chicago. He has three boys,Murray and Harold are graduates of theCollege. Gordon is 16. "Academically, I stillthink Chicago the greatest ever. S-.JCiaFyand for sound balance in personality andleadership, much must be done!" The Hard­ing home is in Palos Park. In college Glennwas presiden t of more activities than youcould guess, on the track team and endingas a Marshal.:;: Louise Harsha is active in numerouscivic groups in Westerville, Ohio. wh�re herhusband, Charles R. Bennett, has hIS own25manufacturing company. "We have onedaughter with two wonderful grandchil­dren." Louise is our Foundation chairmanfor Westerville and is an enthusiastic Chi­cago booster. Her student activities includedY.W., and W.A.A.Harold G. O. Holck, PhD '28, is profes­sor of pharmacology at the University ofNebraska, Lincoln. Older son Alfred is asenior in geology, married, with one grand­son for Harold. Gunnar is a senior in highschool. The Holcks celebrated their silveranniversary September 6, 1950. Dad is re­vising his book, The Rat in Laboratory In­vestigation, 1949; also his Laboratory Guidein Pharmacology, 1949.* Clara M. Kollman writes from TempleCity, California: "My husband (David F.Davis, '09) and I retired from the Chicagoschool system in 1948 and purchased ahome in California which keeps us busycultivating flowers and fruit. Our onlydaughter, Lola has joined us this year."Jeannette Lieber Baker is practicing medi­cine with her husband in Fergus Falls,Minnesota. "No special news. Always in­terested in what the U. of C. is doing. Wishmy son had chosen to come there-and wishmy Alma Mater had the benefit of hisability. But I shall continue working onhim."* Doris Martin Leonard lives in Wilming­ton, Illinois. Her husband is vice presidentof The Lehon Co., manufacturers of roof­ing, automotive felt, and tissues. Doris con­tinues to be as active as she was on campus.They live on a farm and have registeredGuernseys and Yorkshire hogs. Among theiralfalfa, corn and oat fields they have a two­strip landing field and a hangar for theirBeechcraft. She is active in all manner ofcivic affairs. Her daughter is married witha son nearly three.* Chalmer C. McWilliams deals in build­ing materials in Los Angeles. Both sons,Pete and Chal., Jr., were graduated fromClaremont Mens' Junior College in June,1950. Chalmer had many student activitiesincluding the honor societies, cheer leader,track, and president of the senior class.Ellen Meador teaches home economics inNorth Dallas (Texas) High School. Re­union: "I like the idea but it is impossiblefor me to attend."Marion Meanor lives in Pass Christian,Mississippi where her husband is an indus­trial engineer. "Two years ago we movedto our new home on the Gulf coast-150feet from the water. We enjoy living hereenormously and are always delighted whenour friends from the North stop and seeus." Suzanne is 14, Marion, 13, and Michael,II. Marion was a Nu Pi Sigma, presidentof W.A.A., etc.'" Wilma L. Mentzer (Mrs. H. D. Fargo,Jr.) lives in Evanston. She has four chil­dren: Dan is married; David is with theE.C.A. in Paris; Joe attends Lawrence Col­lege; and Annette is in the eighth grade.Wilma had numerous student honors in­cluding Nu Pi Sigma and a University Aide.Renwick H. Mitten is director of salesof the Gray Marine Motor Company, De­troit. "Celebrated silver wedding anniver­sary with voyage to Peru. Have one wife,one daughter, one granddaughter and onegrandson." He won!* Howard R. Moore, SM '22, PhD '24, isa chemical consultant at the U. S. NavalDevelopment Center, Johnsville, Pennsyl­vania. He is investigating the applicationsof chemistry to improve the efficiency ofradar devices. They live at Drexel Hill.Howard, Jr., is a freshman chemistry stu­dent at Penn State. The other three chil­dren are Vangie, Jeanne, and Billie. "One,at least, may attend Chicago."26 -.. Harold E. Nicely is minister of the BrickPresbyterian Church, Rochester, New York.His daughter, Patricia (Vassar, '48) is a PhiBeta Kappa doing graduate work in soci­ology in Radcliffe. His son, William, is ajunior in Princeton; John, a freshman atMiddlebury. Harold was Cap & Gown edi­tor, Head Marshal, member of the honorsocieties, played baseball, etc.Ruth Plimpton Nelson, of San Francisco,was married to Loice Bridges Patterson onAugust 24, 1950. They are living in SanFrancisco, where Ruth is recording secre­tary of the San Francisco-Chicago Club.Ruth was quite a business manager on thequadrangles. In her senior year she wasbusiness manager of Commerce Magazineand advertising manager of Chanticleer.* Arthur D. Ranstead is with Lyon andHealy in Oak Park, Illinois. His specialtyis Hammond Organs. Daughter Phyllis isa graduate of the University of Michigan.Donald will complete his work at February, 1951.Irving C. Reynolds, president and generalmanager of the Franklin Ice Cream Co. inToledo, Ohio, will serve as District Gov­ernor for Rotary International for 1950-51.He was recently elected president of theDairy Industries Society International. Hiswife is Ruth I. Hamilton, '21.Hoyt L. Roush is a certified public ac­countant in Charlotte; North Carolina.Priscilla Sanborn is in the advertising de­partment of the Christian Science Monitorin Boston. "I expect to leave November I(1950) to go into the practice of ChristianScience in Boston." She lives in Brookline.* Ernest R. Smith has retired. to southernCalifornia in 1948 after having lived inChicago all his life.LiHian Stevenson, AM '26, has been inthe department of home economics at theUniversity since 1922. Last spring she spentthree months in the British Isles visitingtextile research institutes and attendingmeetings of British textile institutes.Richard S. Strauss is Sou thern Californiamanager of Lehmann Printing and Litho­graphing Company (labels) in Los Angeles."Our family of four children ranging inage from 13 down to twin boys, 3 yearsold, plus one dog and four cats keeps usall young so it is a shock to hear that a30th reunion is coming up. Cannot getaway in June." Dick was on the swimmingteam and managing editor of the Cap Sc :Gown among numerous campus activities.Margaret L. Taylor is a counselor inManual High and Vocational School, Kan­sas City, Missouri. School duties will pre­vent attendance at the reunion, June 8.Margaret did everything in women's ac­tivities including hockey (aU star), basket­ball and baseball.* Mary Caroline Taylor teaches in thephysics department of Lindblom HighSchool, Chicago. Her husband, SangerSchuhmann, is with the firm of Byrner& Schuhmann, Hammond, wholesale marga­rine jobbers. Mary was on the swimmingand hockey teams and a University Aide.':' Anna L. Unzicker owns The Blue Par­rot, gift and china shop, in Evanston, Illi­nois. From 1933 until her death in 1943,Ann Lorenzen, '22, was a partner. Annawas active in Y.\N. and Settlement pro­grams.Arthur Van K!eeck is a chemist with theForest Products Laboratory in Madison,Wisconsin. "Am not a member in activestatus since I have a split allegiance be­tween Wisconsin and Chicago. Am a mem­ber of Wisconsin Alumni Association." Tal­ly one for John Berge, Wisconsin alumnisecretary, and a good one! * Ruby K. Worner, SM '22, PhD '25, haSa tongue twisting, breath 'exhausting tit�e:"Textile Technologist in charge of TextIleTesting Section, Southern Regional Re­search Laboratory, United States Depar�:ment of Agriculture, New Orleans, L�.Ruby's student activities included the ==:manship of the Federation of UniversityWomen, Nu Pi Sigma, etc.1923Otto. Struve, PhD, professor of astronomyat the University of California, was one ofthe guest speakers for the silver anniver­sary symposium at Texas TechnologicalCollege October 20.1924Mrs. Edith Luc,Y Stickney is keepinghouse for her son, Brewster, in Indianap­olis, Indiana.David J. Shipman, JD '27, has his laWoffices in the Board of Trade Building,Chicago.Forrest Rosaire is author of "The Un­easy Years" recently published by Knopf.In a review in the "Tribune," EdwardWagenknecht, '23, AM '24, writes: "... acompletely real utterly honest and absorb­ing novel."1925Anna W. Kenny, AM '29, PhD '45, writes:"I just 'keep on keeping on' at my job atNavy Pier (English Dept.) and love it."1926Twenty-fifth Reunion June 8, 1951.To date 118 report they plan to re­turn=indicated by asterisk (*).ILouella Arnold, AM, is head of the socialstudies department at Northwestern HighSchool in Detroit.Guy L. Barnes, after many years in col­lege administration, is now minister of theUniversity Congregational Church in Mis­soula, Montana. His daughter is marriedand lives in Missoula. His son, Wilfred :E.Barnes, '49, was awarded his SM at Chi­cago last summer.'" Lester T. Beall is a designer in NeWYork City. His wife is Dorothy W. Miller,'27. They live in Ridgefield, Connecticut.Lester was all over in student activities in­cluding 'track and art editor of the Cap& Gown.Brooks K. Blossom is head of the foreignlanguage department in Swampscott (Mass.)High School.Roger Brooks, SM, of Key West, Florida,is an agent for Southern Florida Life In­surance company.'" Lorraine G. Burke is a psychologist inthe division of child study, Chicago Boardof Education. She lives in Oak Park.Raymond Cohen, MD '.31, is a pediatristpracticing in Houston, Texas.>:: Seward A. Covert lives in Clevelandwhere he heads the firm of Seward Covertand Associates, public relations counseling­We wonder when Seward had time to studyenough to get through with the class-whatwith the honor societies, cheerleading, Dra­matic Association, Blackfriars, Hop leader,and a lot of other etcs.,:, Bindley C. Cyrus, JD '29, is a memberof the law firm of Brown, Brown, CyrUSand Greene and general counsel for' theVictory Mutual Life Insurance Co. in Chi­cago. He was assistant states attorney forTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECook County in 1931-32, and attorney forclosed banks depositors in 1930-31. He wasa delegate from the University at the in­�al!ation of the chancellor of West Indianh nlVersity in Jamaica earlier this year. HeJas two children, Elena, 4Y2; and Bindley,r·,2Y2.t �obert B. Day was ordained in the U ni-arlan Church and began a thirteen-yearpastorate at Niagara Falls the year he wasgraduated from Chicago. He has one daugh­��r and a first grandchild (born in July,II 50). The Reverend Day now lives inDOston.t' JUlia H. Duenweg is director of art in"he Terre Haute, Indiana, public schools.t About 10 years ago the reunion was inhe nature of a work shop. I think thistYIPe of reunion has more appeal to oldera UInni."S Els�e Earlandson (Mrs. Wendt) teacheslanlsh and English at the Wirt Highchool in Gary, Indiana. Last summer sheS(�Ud�ed at the University of GuadalajaraJ pam). Her son is in the air force in.. apan.� Wilbert T. Findley is an insurancerroker on LaSalle Street. He has three sons,.OIn, 11; Jock, 9; and Jamie, 7. In south�de Hyde Park, Wilbert is active in Lions,t,ub Scouting, the Church of Christ, Scien­tIst; the Y.M.C.A., the Masonic Lodge, andt�� ,Public schools. His extracurricular ac­I�ltles are as numerous as his activitiesW en in the University.f William L. Fuehrer is on the psychology�CUlty of Grand Rapids (Michigan) Juniortillege. His two sons and one daughter are� married..:. Maurice Greiman, JD '28, practiced lawIn the First National Bank Building, Chi­�ago, for over 21 years. In May he moveda 100 West Monroe. Alan Jay is in his!econd year at the University of Illinois.Dorothy G. Grosby was a teacher until�fter she married Melton Gerwin, a lawyernd president of an interstate motor public�arrier, Co-Ordinated Transport, Inc. (Chi­jagO). They have three sons: Dick, a juniorsO Byde Park High School; Bob, in thete�enth grade;. and Jimmy, 4, "into every­Shlng!" Dorothy is vice president of thesOUth Shore Temple Sisterhood and spon­v?r of a teen-agers club. Her husband isRce president of a Chicago federation of 18* eform Synagogues.c Esther Haley Parker is a teacher in Chi­ba�o. On the Midway Esther was both base­* a 1 and hockey captain.C Esther A. Harding and husband, Paulat �Unom are both twenty-sixers. They lived rankfort, Indiana and have three chil­l ren. The daughter attends Stephens Col­a�ge and the older of two sons is a senior"F CU.lver Military Academy. Esther writes:So -Indy is very air minded. I have soloed.d has the son at Culver. Husband ando;ughter are taking lessons." He's presidentth some company (we're not quite sure of\\1 e name) but it doesn't surprise us. Hez��� manager of numerous student organi-Eons and a Prom leader while on campus.R leanor R. Holmes, AM '29, lives in GlenI( ock, New Jersey. Her husband, Thomasso' Morgan, is an attorney. They have .aet�' Thomas, Jr., 15, and a daughter, Cath­'r. lne, 9.p �raham Kernwein, MD '31, is an ortho­thdlC surgeon in Rockford, Illinois. He has!\. tee daughters: Kay, 12; Lynn, 9; andtn O�: 3. He served 4Y2 years with the army'5� lcal corps in the last war. "Let's makeh' -100%." Football and track were amongn�s stUdent activities. And he was one of* e Washington Prom leaders.\vh lucy Lamon lives in Omaha, Nebraska,ere her husband, John F. Merriam, '25,JA.NUARY 1951, is president of the Northern Natural GasCompany. She attended the Class of '25'stwenty-fifth with her husband last year.And will be back for hers this year "if Ididn't wear out my welcome." You can'twear out a welcome returning to the quad­rangles only once a year! On campus Lucywas very active in student affairs, e.g., NuPi Sigma, an Aide, Washington Prom lead­er, etc.Emil Lambert Larson is a registered pro­fessional engineer in Chicago.George M. Lennox is a cost analyst withthe U. S. Air Force at Wichita, Kansas."Training re: costs and contracts of Spen­cer, Christ, Douglas, et al (professors in theSchool of Business) is projected locally toair force procurements of heavy and me­dium bombers. The logic remains as 25years ago, the figures somewhat higher."George married a grade-high school sweet­heart in 1939. They have one son in theseventh grade.* Abraham Leviton, SM '27, is a researchchemist in Washington, D.C., with the Bu­reau of Dairy Industry, Department ofAgriculture-for the past 20 years. His son,Daniel, is majoring in physical educationat George Washington University. ,Laurice Lovewell and her husband, DonGuyer live in Glen Ellyn. He is a "togsmanufacturer." John is a senior at IowaState; Betty Jean a junior in high school.The quarter century has been a busy onefor Mildred Hoerr Lysle, SM '27. She wasdivorced in 1947. Her "big" son is on thereserve squad of Ohio State University High.First she worked as a draftsman with Rob-c inson Ventilating Co. of Zelienople, Pa.,then with Benjamin H. Aires, engineeringand surveying, in Pittsburgh; a weekly newscolumn, "Copy-Cat" with the AlleghenyJournal; editing on the book: FranklinRoosevelt and the Delano Influence; thento Columbus where she is now with theBattelle Memorial. Institute, fuels researchdivision, editing reports of scientific re­search for government and industry. Inspare time she is studying Russian whiledoing work in the writer's workshop of theA.A.U.W.Donald Jennings McGinnis is televisiondirector for a station in New York City.Allen Miller, first director of our Uni­versity of Chicago Round Table, is pro­fessor of English and Speech at WashingtonState College, Pullman, and manager of theCollege radio station, KWSC. He has, tomake a trip East in May and fears he can'trepeat in June. Allen was senior presidentof the class, a Marshal, and active in manyother student affairs.::< Mrs. Elsie M. Nasatir of Winnetka, ison the staff of Senn High School, Chicago,where she works with students on self­appraisal and careers. Son Maimon, '50, isa research assistant at the University. Davidis a junior at New Trier High School and"will be at Chicago before long." Mr. Nasa­tir is a textile salesman.Alice L. Pearson teaches high school Eng­lish. "Since 1926, my work has been chieflyat Stambaugh and Corunna, Michigan."* Lawrence F. Peterson, AM '33, teachesin Chicago Vocational School. He has onemarried daughter. Lawrence was on thetrack, team in his freshman year.>:: Helen E. Reilly lives in Chicago whereher husband, Fred J. O'Connor, is an at­torney. Helen was a charter member of theWomen's Federation; was active in Mirror,the Y.W.C.A., W.A.A. and the SettlementBoard.Marie Remmert's husband, Arthur S.Berkemeyer, is a banker in Springfield,Minnesota. Marie, in addition to a fullschedule teaching piano, is state chairman TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Faclory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMidway 3-4200AI.oGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair.Body. Paint. Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsT. A. REHNQUIST co.VEST. 1929CO,NCRETEFLOORS - SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAI,R WORKCONCRETE' BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WALLS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7·0433BOYDSTON BROS •• INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 CoHage Grove Ave.OAkland 4-0492BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to Uni­versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Av •. TelephonePlaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, Director27TELEVISIONDrop in and see a programRADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shop• ELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators RangesWashers BlanketsSPORTING GOODSFor a II seasonsRECORDSPopula r-SymphoniesFine collection for childrenHERI1J1IAI/\II:Ji935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside Avenue .Telephone Midway 3-6700Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler, '33Telephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and Vegetab�esDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN !=RESH FIUITS ANDVEGETABLES"6-48 South Water MarketLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave.. ChicagoOther PIan's80lton - N.Y. - Phil; - Syracule - Cleveland"You Migh, As W.II Have The S •• ,"Old-fashioned.goodness ...New creamysmoothness!Same rich flavor as ice cream made in anold-fashioned freezer, blended to newcreamy smoothness-that's Swift's Ice Cream![Swift & CompanyA product of 7409 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-740028 of the music department of the MinnesotaFederation of Women's Clubs and districtgardening chairman for the same organiza­tion. For years she has been a member ofthe library board and other civic groups."At present we are building a home so Idoubt if I could make a '51 reunion, muchas I would wish to do' so." Marie was ac­tive in music on campus: choir and Mu­sical Club, among other organizations andhonors.Irvin Richter, JD '28, is president of theCentral Federal Savings and Loan Associa­tion in Chicago. His son, 6, is anxious tocomplete the first grade so he can becomea jet pilot. Irvin wrote that they live ina "small cottage (neither vine nor rose cov­ered-these have vanished some time ago)set in a half-acre of very untidy lawn inHollywood, Illinois."Emmett L. Riordon is superintendent ofschools at Whiting, Indiana.* Mayme V. Smith, retired from teaching,spends her summers in Friendship, Wiscon­sin; her winters in Florida. She attendedCentral Michigan College of Education in1921; received her AM from Columbia in1929. Before retiring she taught remedialreading and corrective speech at CentralMichigan College of Education.Joyce Snepp King teaches fourth grade inthe Milton. (Pennsylvania) public schools.Her husband, a physician, overworked dur­ing the war years and died of a heart at­tack in 1946. Son William is with the cab i­net division of Philco, Daughter Pamelais in the tenth grade. "A reunion wouldbe fine but I would be unable to attend.Schools db not close until June 7 [and] Ishall be taking graduate work-not at theschool of my choice [Chicago] Conveniencemust be considered so it is Bucknell .... "':' Gertrude Solenberger (Mrs. J. Boyd Knep­per) is an officer in our Philadelphia cluband lives just outside of Philadelphia inAndalusia, Penna. She has taken up weav­ing; got a large loom, and took lessons inNorth Carolina last summer. Her husbandis taking work at the University of Penn­sylvania in 'preparation for teaching print­ing. He is a commercial printer whom shemet on. a vacation trip on a GeographicSociety trip-romantic hikes around thecape and all that!William B. Steen, PhD '31, MD '31, is aspecialist in internal medicine and allergyin Tucson. William, Jr., is three. He left thedepartment of medicine at Billings in 1937to establish his practice in Arizona. He wasa major in the air force medical corps dur­ing War II. On campus he was out fortrack, active in Settlement, Y.M.C.A., Inter­national Students Association, etc.* Vera C. Stellwagen teaches in highschool at Joliet, Illinois. Her husband,Arthur O. Smith, is a fire insurance under­writer. 'Regina F. Stolz, MD' 33 (Mrs. HenryGreenebaum) is at the Veteran's Adminis­tration Hospital in Legion, Texas.* Lola B. Stuart is elementary principalin the Stephen Foster School in Indianapo­lis. Her husband, O. H. Eller, is in the realestate business. They live on a small farm12 miles out of town. She is active in theCamp Fire Girls' program and Pi LambdaTheta.* Mary Elelene Sturtevant, SM '44, is officesecretary in the department of zoology, atthe University of Chicago.Pearl M. Tiley retired in 1942 after "14years' teaching and 31 years' supervision ofkindergarten and primary grades in Belle­ville [Illinois] public schools." "Keep intouch with school affairs, sometimes find­ing my blood pressure go up when hearingof the let-down in requirements for essen-•• tial learning, habits, etc. But perhaps ithas always been so-those who are out c�fl'see farther back than those who are llJcan see ahead."Elizabeth G. Van Bergen lives in Gary,·Indiana. She has one child, 16.Henry P. Weihofen, JD '28, JSD '31, isprofessor of law at the University of NeWMexico. He is co-authoring a book on Psy­chiatry and the Law, to be published in thesummer of 1951. In 1933 he wrote, In­sanity as a Defense in Criminal Law, underthe supervision of a committee of the U. ofC, law faculty and published by the Coltl­monwealth Fund. He is married to Caro'line Walsh, '27. They have two sons, Wil-liam,.lO, and Roger, 8. .Virginia Wigent is a systems analyst withthe Sunset-McKe� Company on the WestCoast. She has recently been transferredfrom Los Angeles to Oakland. "I was backeast this summer so it's out for '51."* Maude Yoeman, AM '31, writes froltlGarden City, Long Island: "Except for ayear, I have spent the time since graduatiOtIJin teaching English, chiefly in privateschools-recently only two classes with �heremaining time devoted to administrati'"duties. Incidentally [we like this], after IllYyears of boarding schools, it takes mor�than a 25th reunion to shock me [from ou'card which opened with 'This will shockyou but it has been 25 years ... etc.']!"Maude sang (Glee, Choir, etc.) her waythrough the University.*ClifEord O. Wild is judge of the 29thjudicial circuit court of Indiana in Log�ns­port. He has nine boys and three gIfISranging from 21 to 1. He should take th,e"largest family" award at reunion, don tyou think?':'Wallace M. Woehler is a real estate andinsurance' broker in Altadena, California.He has two children, a boy, 15; and a girl,10. "If at all possible will certainly try toattend the 25th reunion."*Gertrude Wright lives in Seattle whereher husband, Harold E. Wessman, is deaf]of engineering at the University of wasbington. They have two boys (12 and S)and a girl' 4. Gertrude was another athletewith W.A.A.1927Theodore W. Schilb, SM, has been ap'pointed a senior group leader of the Mon'santo Chemical Company's food technologylaboratory, St. Louis, Missouri.1928Welker G. Bechtel, SM, is a chemist fofthe American Institute of Baking, Chicago.1929Peter M. Schunk, MD (Rush), won a $100first prize last October for submitting tIrebest "fight song" in the University of Wy�'ming song contest. Dr. Schunk is a pI:ySl'cian and surgeon in Sheridan, WyomIng,and has had four other compositions pub'lished..Frank R. Mayo, PhD '31, is research as'sociate in organic chemistry for the Chelll'istry Division of the General Electric Re'search Laboratory, Schenectady, N. Y.1930Lydia Schwartz, of Chicago, is generalfield representative for the American RedCross, St. Louis, Mo.George H. Towne, of Kirkwood, Missouri,is a statistician for the Mercantile CO�'merce Bank & Trust Company, St. LotOS,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN£.Richard L. Jenkins, MD (Rush), and hiswife, Gladys G. Jenkins, AM '29, are living�ethesda, Maryland. Dick is a physicianOr the Veteran's Administration.RObert B. Lewy, MD '35 (Rush), of Chi­cago, was at Oxford University this pastsummer to present a paper and to observepost graduate education in otolaryngologyat the United Oxford Hospitals..Sallie Beth Moore, of Austin, Texas, isIhrector ofjhe nursery school and profes­�r of home economics at the University of.texas.:Ronald L. McFarlan, PhD, of Chestnut:Ill, Mass., is engineering manager of theM:aytheon Manufacturing Co., in Waltham,ass.1931Twentieth Reunion June 8, 1951. Todate 121 report they plan to return+indicated by asterisk (*) beforename.* Robert B. Anderson lives in Glen Ridge,�ew Jersey. His business: "non-ferrous foun­Try." His wife is Elizabeth Reynolds, '33.hey have a son, 12, and a daughter, 6.. lIden Ruth Aranoff reports Business:FIlms for television. Reunion: Yes, but can'tcome.Frederick G. Berchtold is with the Berch­�old Gas Company, Chicago. Linda SusanIS 2.* Ann Bishop's husband, Lyle T. Pritch­ard, IS a Pan American World Airways ex­eC.Utive. They live in Coral Gables, Florida�lth their daughter Suzanne, 14, and soneter, David C. Bogert, JD '33, is a partner inS e insurance law firm of Long & Levit,an Francisco. He is active in the Ameri­�an Legion and fire insurance organizations.t Brant Bonner is professor of finance in�e. school of business administration at theo nlversity of Western Ontario, London,,ntario. He has his Ph.D. from North�arolina. In the last war he served withe U. S. Marines in the South Pacific.�urrently he is fighter director (radar) ofe U.S.M.C.R. on temporary deferment.There are two Bonner daughters: Brye, 8,and Beverley, 7.f lIarnette Louise Brown is vice principal� East High School in Columbus, Ohio.N Charles Burke is a dentist in Brooklyn,ew York. Lewis is 14 and Spencer, 9.f M:�rjorie Cahill; lives in Altadena, Cali­aornla. Her husband, Ray D. Vane, '32, isT��rysler-Plymouth dealer in Los' elf daughter, Amy, is now 12. Marjorie/Shes she could attend the reunion "but. m too far away." Marjorie was very active�n many student affairs and was a Prom*eader in her senior year.s William H. Clay, SM '32, is production�perintendent in charge of edible oil andI argarine manufacturing at the Ham­W�n�, Indiana, plant of Lever Brothers Co.s Ilham II is approaching 4. William, Sr.,t�rVed three years in the navy, retiring with\ e rank of lieutenant commander. BillVas in football, track, and water polo.f D�n M. Cooperider lives in Arcadia, Cali­t�rnla. Our last report was that he is withLeMay Company, department store inas Angeles.b })O�ald L. Curless is the owner of Theli�bhfe Collar Company in New York City.Ths home is in Bronxville, New York.* om as is 15 and Donald, Jr., 9.:t P�lmer A. Czamanske, AM '49, is on thev�g�lsh faculty of Valparaiso (Indiana) Uni­t r�lty. "I am doing work toward a doc­Dr � degree in English at Northwesternnlversity during the present year." SonJANUARY 1951, Gerald is in the second year of the Collegeat Chicago. Davis is 12 and Judith, 3.Donald H. Dalton is practicing law inWashington, D. C. He recently ran for theMaryland House of Delegates. His wife wasIrene Martin, '30. They live in SilverSprings, Maryland, with their three chil­dren: Doris, 7; Donald, Jr., 2; and Diana, 1.* Burton Duffie, AM '34, is director of theBureau of Education Extension for the Chi­cago Board of Education.'" Zachary Felsher, MD '36, is a derma-. tologist, formerly with the University Clin­ics but now in private practice in Chicago.He has a daughter, nearly seven.* Arline M. Feltham is the wife of EvanW. McChesney, '26, SM '28, and Ph.D. Heis a research chemist with the Sterling Win­throp Research Institute, Elsmere, NewYork. Richard is 16, Ruth, 12, and Mar­garet, five. Among her campus activities,Arline was a member of the choir.Myrtle L. Frey is a librarian and teacherin Mt. Prospect, Illinois.* Raymond K. Fried, JD '33, is a Chicagoattorney. Ray was a Marshal, editor of theCap & Gown and Student Hand Book, inBlackfriars, and many other student activi­ties .Beatrice L. Gould lives near the U niver­sity in Chicago. Her husband, AaronAscher, is a concert pianist. Ann Lynn isthree. Beatrice was a member of tarponand W.A.A.* Elizabeth Grader is married to RichardS. Schreiber. For 13 years they lived inWilmington, Delaware, while he was withthe duPont Co. In March, 1949, theymoved to Kalamazoo, Michigan, where heis vice president and director of researchof the Upjohn Company. Two sons are:David, 14; and Richard, 13.Helen M. Gruner lives in Greenville,Delaware. Her husband, A. B. Echols, iswith duPont. They have three children:Betty, Holly, and Mary.::< Hannah Halperin and her husband,William Goldenberg (public accountant),will soon celebrate their sixteenth weddinganniversary in South Bend, Indiana. NancyElinor, interested in the dietetic field, is12; Jacqueline Leath is 6.George L. Hecker, JD '33, is an attorneyin Beverly Hills, California. A lieutenant­colonel, he is a former member of Gen­eral Eisenhower's staff in Europe. He wasalso a member, of the first military commis­sion to try German civilians for war atroci­ties in 1945.George N. Hibben, JD '33, is a pa ten tattorney with the Chicago firm of Davis,Lindsey, Hibben & Noyes. Thomas is 16and Stephen, 12.::: Louise Hirsch lives in Chicago whereher husband, Gail T. Gould, is a dentist.Bobby is 7 and Billy, 5.Victor E. Hruska, JD '32, is with thePrudential Insurance Company of Americain Toronto, Canada.* Margaret (Peg) Husband lives on Tele­graph Road, Bonnockburn, Illinois (Deer­field). Her husband, Robert J. Glasgow,is with the Continental Casualty Company.Son Douglas attended Lawrenceville prepschool and is now a freshman at his dad'salma mater, Dartmouth. Harry is prepar­ing to follow his brother to Lawrencevilleand Dartmouth.James M. Hutchison teaches in the LosAngeles school system. "Yes, I would likeit [Reunion], but doubt that it could beheld at a time when a Los Angeles schoolteacher would be free to make the trip tothe .Midway." Jim was in R.O.T.e. and onthe gym team. ::: Irene Jenner is "teacher of slow learn­ing children in the Indianapolis. publicschools." Now we begin to understandthose "Slow School" signs we keep passingon Highway 52.Harold. C; Johnson is president of theHarold C. Johnson Brewing Company ofLomira, Wisconsin. He has two sons: Har­old J., 14; and Jon F., 10.* William M. Kincheloe is in advertisingat Cleveland, Ohio. His wife is Ruth M.Works, �4. Bill was active in the honorsocieties, baseball, Black Friars (Prior), busi­ness manager. of Cap & Gown, DramaticAssociation, etc.Jeannette Lamb is the wife of WinfieldFoster, '29, a writer and researcher. Theylive in Hinsdale, Illinois, with their threechildren: Winfield, 14; Mark, 11; andJulie, 10.'" Morris I. Leibman, JD '33, is with theChicago law firm of Carney, Crowell &Liebman. His daughter, Linda Joyce, is 9.* Helen McFrancis Friedman lives in LosAngeles where her husband is physician andpathologist at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital.Mary Louise is 6 and Emily Ann, 3. "Istill do medical writing, editing, and trans­lating, mainly for my busy husband, but Ihave plenty of time to spend in P.T.A.activities and struggling with snails andslugs for control of my flower garden."Mary G. McKeon's husband, R. H. Whit­man, PhD '33, is with the State Departmentin Washington. They have two children:Ruth, nearly 4, and John, nearly 3.* William Robert Ming, Jr., JD '33, is onthe law faculty at the University. He wason leave part time, serving as special assist­ant attorney general of the Illinois Com­merce Commission:* Ray W. Munsterman is in the publish­ing business in Chicago. Among his stu­dent activities was tennis and a member ofthe Phoenix staff.* Russell L. Palm, AM '38, is principalof the Park Elementary School, LaPorte,Indiana. They are building a new plantto replace the old Park School, built in1886. Janet is a high school senior; Davida junior student. Russell is doing U. of C.home study in mathematics.Beatrice Roberg (Mrs. Thore Johnson)lives in Highland Park, Illinois.::: Bertha Rittschof and her husband, JereT. Dorough are both thirty-oners. He is anaccountant with the Ford Motor Company.They live in Birmingham, just out of De­troit. Their oldest son is a freshman atPurdue, Don is in high school and Mary isin the first grade.* Peg Russell, whose husband, D. O. Nel­son, is an insurance adjuster with the HomeInsurance Company, writes:. "We have justmoved tto Fresno after living in El Monte,California, since the close of the war. Ihave joined the A.A.U.W .. Our hobby isshowing our quarter horse fillies [we'veheard of front and back but what goeswith a quarter horse?] who are sisters andwhen the 'baby' is old enough to break weexpect to have a matched pair. We havefour horses right now, which is plenty.":I< Jane Ryno lives in Benton Harbor,Michigan, Jane's home town, where herhusband, Webster Sterling, is a municipaljudge. They have twin boys, 16 years ofage: John and Jay.Harold Savitt is married to Edith Fischer,'32. They are living in Chicago.Lillian Schlesinger teaches art at Amund­sen High. School in Chicago. Her husband,Seymour Banish, is a "customers' man" instocks and bonds. They have three daugh­ters: 11, 8, and 5. She was active in Mirror,W.A.A. and Y.W.C.A. on the campus.29CLASSIFIED(30e per line)W ANTED'--'8et of 8 or 1'2 U of C Spodewaredinner plates with different campus scene oneach plate. Give condition of set and price.Dr. Walter A. Stryker, 21604 E. River Rd.,Grosse Ile, Michigan.w. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANASALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKHAWTINPHOTOENGRAVERSPhoto Engrave,.Artists - Electrotyper.Maker. of Prlntlnc;l Plate.538 TelephoneSo. Wells St. WAbash 2-6480POND LETTER SERVICEEverythin« in Letter.Hlove. Type.rltl ••Multlgraphln.Add'lnGa,aph 8.rvl ..Highut Quality 8Irvl ••All PhonesHArrison 7-8118 M Ime.lraphl ••AddreSlI ••MIIIID,MIDlmu. ,.,1 ...418 So. Market St.ChicagoRESULTS .•.depend on getting the details RIGH7PRINTINGhnprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service (or Direct Aduertieer«Chicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chfcago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-4561E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITH OG RAPHYfine Color Work A Specialty731 Plymouth Court.WAbash 2-8182CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenuetlAldway 3-3935"Goofl Printin, 01 All De.criptioJl'"30 :I< Hubert Schnuch is a "college instruc­tor" living in Chicago.Rosma Schulze (Mrs. Victor H.) lives inPhoenix, Arizona, where her husband iswith the Thunderbird Sales Corporation,manufacturer distributors. "Will probablynot be able to attend.":I< Ruth Louise Schurman is married toNorris L. Brookens, '32, PhD '37, MD '39,a physician in Urbana, Illinois. They havefive daughters ranging from seven years tosix months.* Alden B. Stevens is a writer. "Book:'The Stevens America' published by LittleBrown this year, jointly authored by Aldenand Marion Stevens." The Stevens haveone girl, Dinah, 8.:I< Donald H. Steward, AM '33, is registrarand associate professor of education atRoosevelt College, Chicago. He is a trus­tee and assistant treasurer of the DisciplesDivinity House at the University, Thereare two children: Marilyn, 16; and David,11.:I< Jerome B. Strauss, JD '33, lives in Hous­ton, Texas, where he is. southwest managerfor a national chain of steel warehouses.Maurice R. Teis, SM, is a geologist forthe Delta Petroleum Corp., Tulsa, Okla­homa.Vesta Thompson teaches botany andbiology at North Side High School, FortWayne, Indiana. The reunion: "?"Cecilia Vaslow and her husband, Abra­ham Taub are both members of the Classof 31. He is a research professor of appliedmathematics at the University of Illinoisin Urbana. They have three children:Mara, 10; Nadine, 7; and Haskell, 5.:I< Grace Walker Williams lives in Plym­outh, Michigan, where her husband is anosteopathic physician. John is 11, Donald,8 and Susan, 4.Eloise Webster, SM '32, is a high schoolteacher in the Chicago public schools. Herhusband, James E. Baker, is in radio andelectronics.:I< Esther V: Zumdahl is a medical socialworker at the University of Illinois hos­pitals in Chicago "and having the timeof my life."1932Harriet Gaynor Perkins, PhB, receiveda Master of Arts degree in Spanish from'the University of Southern California lastspring.Harold A. Bosley, PhD '33, minister ofthe First Methodist Church, Evanston, Illi­nois, has been named a member of theboard of trustees of Northwestern Univer­sity.Lela F. Winegarner, AM, is associateprofessor of English at Illinois State Nor­mal University.Frank M. Justin, AM '48, of Natick,Mass., is with the Social Security Board inBoston.After a total service of almost six years,Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Arthur Carl Piepkorn,PhD, U.S.A., Commandant of the Armyand Air Force Chaplain School at CarlisleBarracks, Penna., left October 12th for FortGeorge G. Meade, Maryland, where he ispresident of The Chaplain Board.1934Mignon E. Rothstein, PhB, received anMA in history from the University ofSouthern California last spring.Frederick A. Valentine, PhD '37, is asso­ciate professor of mathematics at the Uni­versity of California at Los Angeles. Everett E. Man�, 91�, is minister of th'1First Congregational Church in FairrnolltrMinnesota.Ethel M. Fair, AM, professor emeritus ofLibrary service at New Jersey College fO�Women, received a Fulbright award allwill serve as lecturer in library service a:the American University at Cairo. Ethelives in Harrisburg, Penna., and is the all'thor of "Countrywide Library Service."Holger B. Bentsen has been appointed,assistant general secretary of the YMC.ft;Metropolitan Board in Cleveland. He '�Illmake his home in Cleveland with his Wife,Elden, and their son, William, who is iJ1the British sector of Berlin as representa'tive of the Wor�d'g YMCA, and daughter,Beverly, who will graduate from HirscllHigh School in January.Emma M. LaPorte, AM '36, professor ofSpanish at Stevens College, Columbia, MO.,attended the University of Mexico duringthe summer to do further studying in thefield of Spanish.Abraham Israel Perley, MD, is practicingDermatology in Birmingham, Alabama..Sydelle E. Rovnick is doing medical socI�lwork at the Veteran's Administration II}Los Angeles.Mildred E. Tabbert is teaching in theprimary department of the Valparaiso pub'lie Schools.John Knox, PhD, is the author of avolume entitled "Chapters in a Life' ofPaul," recently published by Abingdon'Cokesbury Press.Leonard C. LaCoss is an Engineer f?Vthe Western Electric Co. in Indianapolis.1936Martin Gardner has had a story, ThatOld Man Gloom, published in the Novet!1·ber issue of Esquire Magazine.Merlin S. Bowen, AM '47, is assistantprofessor of humanities at Shimer College,Mt, Carroll, Illinois.James I. Lamb is principal of Woodburi1Boys' School, Woodburn, Oregon.Gale J. Young, AM, is working in NeWYork City.Mary E. Ryan, of Prescott, Ariz» : istreasurer of the local branch of the Arner'ican Association of University Women.1937Beatrice C. Cherimpes was married toGail H. Weedman on April 29, 1950. W·Weedman is a graduate of the UniverSityof Michigan.Blanton E. Black, SM, of Macon, Georgia,is an instructor at Savannah State colleg'e�John A. Bekker, former chairman of th.department of economics at North CeOtral College, was appointed to the facultYof DePaul University colleg-e of comrnerc:recently. Mrs. Bekker is Ada-Mae FlorellCBalmer, '38.Eli E. Loitz was married to Pauline La�;kov in November, 1950. Mrs. Loitz Idoing graduate work at Northwestern..Joseph H. Levin, PhD '40, of DetrOit,Mich., was one of the mathematicians W��helped in the construction of SEAC, tfirst automatically sequenced, super speed{electronic computer to be put into acwaoperation.John A. Vieg, PhD, chairman of the d�:partment of government at Pomona Colege, Claremont, Calif., has accepted �ninvitation of the Education Testing ServiceTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN£to serve on a committee which will workon a new advanced test in government..Allan B. Cole, AM, PhD '40 is a profes­�r at the Fletcher School of Internationalaw and Diplomacy, Medford, Mass.George S. Buis, MBA, assistant executiveS�cretary of the American College of Hos-Plt�l Administrators in Chicago, was ap­P?Inted director of the program in Hos­PItal Administration at Yale.1938G JU!e.s �. Alciatore, PhD, of Athens,eorgla, IS professor of French in the de­partment of modern foreign languages atthe University of Georgia.Edith H. Moore was married to Haroldk Stenson in February, 1950. They live inansas City, Kansas.Dale C. Hager, MD '41, of Beaumont,Texas, is a member of American College�£ Chest Physicians. There are four chil­ren: three boys, one girl.. Grace Powers, of Lake Bluff, Ill., is as­Sistant superintendent of Lake Bluff Or­Phanage.I l'helma Menzer is a social worker in Oak­and, Calif.Avis M. Van Lew, a graduate nurse, is�uca.tional director at the U. S. MarineOSpltal in Staten Island, N. Y.Geraldine H. Funk is now Mrs. SantiagoCW�Scoboinik and is living in Concepcion,hIle.1939J. Lewis Yager, PhD '44, is chief clinicalP.sychologist of the Veterans' Administra­tIon Hospital in Ft. Logan, Colorado.Paul I. Lyness, AM '41, of Iowa City,r�celved his PhD from the State Universityo Iowa last August.Norman Hollingshead, Jr. is assistant�les. manager for the Ball Brothers Glasso. in El Monte, Calif.t JOhn P. Britz, AM '40, received his Mas­�� of Arts degree from the University ofInnesota last August.b JOhn C. Frazier, PhD, a member of the.Otany department faculty at Kansas StateIn Manhattan, was an Alumni House visitorearly in September.1.940b William Tucker Dean Jr., JD '40, hasNeen appointed editor of the Survey oft ew York Law and chairman of the edi­;rial. board of the Annual Survey ofInencan Law. Professor Dean has been a�ember of the New York University fac­u.ty since 1947.JOhn Oliver Punderson is a research�heInist for the E. I. duPont de Nemours &o at Wilmington, Delaware.IJack J. Carlson was recently made generalSa es manager of the Kaiser Steel Com­Pany in Orinda, California.James D. Wharton, MD, is at the Naval�edical Field Research Laboratory, Marinearracks, Camp Le Jeune, North Carolina.b Geraldine Kidd, PhD '46, and her hus­Inand, Glen D. Barbaras, PhD '49, havet oVed from Cleveland, Ohio, to Wilming­on, Delaware.Mrs. Eugenie Wolf Bowman is a clinicalPFChologist in the mental hygiene clinic� the Veterans Administration, Washing-on, D. C.i l{enneth E. Wilzbach, PhD '46, is a chem­ist with the Argonne National Laboratoriesn Chicago.JANUARY 1951, Thomas Brill is a physicist with theArgonne- National Laboratories in Chicago.Viola Marina Farmakis, AM '42, PhD '45,is an assistant professor of German atGrinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa.1941Tenth Reunion June 8, 1951. To date98 report they plan to return-in­dicated by asterick (*) before thename.* Maurice F.' Abrahamson is with thenavy department in Chicago.* Viola Adams Kistner, whose husband isa general practioner in Chicago, writes: "Abusy housewife and mother with the usualactivities: church, hospital, P .T.A."Mary Jane Anderson, AM '48, lives inMinneapolis where here husband, WilliamC. Rogers, '40, AM '41, PhD '43, is assistantprofessor of political science and directorof the Minneapolis World Affairs Centerand of the State Organization Service. Theyhave two daughters: Shelley, 5, and Faith,who just arrived and began to stretch earlyin October (or, was it the last day of Sep­tember?).* Harold L. Aronson, Jr. LLB '42, wasmarried to a graduate· of the University ofIllinois September 30, 1950. "After a honey­moon at Acapulco, Mexico, now at home at190 E. Chestnut, Chicago."Enid S. Baskin was married on October14, 1950 to Paul W. Fink. They are livingat 53 W. 75th Street, New York City.Robert B. Baum is supervisor of thesoutheastern district for the SeismographService Corporation doing geophysical oilexploration. He lives in Shreveport, Louisi­ana. The three children: Lorelei, 6; Robert,nearly 4; and Dolores, I.* Dorothy Berg is teaching in the ele­mentary school at Chicago Heights. Duringthe past two summers she has been return­ing to the quadrangles to work on her AM.She hopes to finish next summer.Esther Schumm Berndtson lives in. Co­lumbia, Missouri where her husband, C. A.Berndtson, '35, PhD '40, is assistant pro­fessor of philosophy at the University ofMissouri.* Mary Blanchard's business is "keepinghouse" for Paul, 6, and her husband, H. K.Livingston, PhD '41, who is a chemist withE. I. duPont in Wilmington, Delaware.Dr. and Mrs. Turner Camp (MargaretBain) are both members of 41. On August10, 1950, he returned to active duty in thenavy.* Lila Chukerman lives in Milwaukeewhere her husband, Raymond P. Harris, iswith the Banner Lumber Company andBanner Trading Post. Or maybe she meantshe was I with the lumber company and hewith the post. Anyway, Robert is nearly 5.* S. Ruth Clayman lives in Chicago whereher husband, Paul K. Weichselbaum, is adermatologist. They have three boys rang­ing from one year to five. "Your card didn'tshock me-having mentioned the tenth afew minutes before returning home to findit."* Roberta Day Corbitt, AM '41, is an in­structor of Spanish at Asbury College, Wil­more, Kentucky. Her husband, D. C. Cor­bitt, is chairman of the division of the so­cial sciences in the same college. Their sonis a junior at Vanderbilt Medical School.Roberta has finished one year on her PhDat the University of Kentucky. "Would loveto bestudying at Chicago again." RICHARD H. WEST CO •COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. Tel'ephoneMOnroe 6-3192TuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3-4404GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS1 Inc.Painting-Decoratfng-Wood Finishing3123Lake Street PhoneKEdzie 3-3 186HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING. BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579TELEPUONE TAylor 9-M550' CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.P hone: SAginaw 1-3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLealu RepairedFree Edimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.77U Luella Ave.313 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince I9201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYw. canforand".r3 HOUR SERVICEBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers ..200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 99 YearsChicago·s most completeprescription stoclc23 N. Wabash AvenueChicagoWHOLESALEBOYDSTON BROS •• INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Chicago_ OAkland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendants•Auto Livery•Quie', unobtrusive serviceWhen you want it, as you want itCALL AN EMERY. FaRSiEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4·640032 RETAIL Leland C. DeVinney, PhD, is associatedirector for the social sciences at the Rocke­feller Foundation, New York City.* Harriet G. Dexheimer, SM '49, is di­rector of nurses at the U. S. Marine Hos­pital in Detroit.* Kathryn L. Dryburgh was married inJuly, 1946 to Alfred W. Lake who is withthe Illinois Bell Telephone Company. Theylive in Chicago. Richard will be four nextMay.John E. Dustin, Lt. USNR, writes: "Whenthe navy asked for reserve officers to vol­unteer for active duty in the latter partof July, I volunteered on the first day andreceived the first set of orders in the 12thNaval District recalling me to active duty.At present time I am a communicationofficer on the staff of the CommanderNaval Forces, Far East. So I don't thinkI'll be able to make the reunion next year.It's up to Uncle Joe (and Sam)."* Celia S. Earle is married to Lester D.Odell, '34, MD '38, formerly of the Uni­versity's medical staff and now 'chairmanof the department of obstetrics and gyne­cology at the University of Nebraska Schoolof Medicine, Omaha. Judy is 7 and Tommy,four.Lois E. Ebinger, SM '46, is educationaldirector in the school of nursing at theIowa Methodist Hospital in Des Moines.* Muriel L. Evans !s living in New Mexicowhere her husband/William Hugh Rendle­man, '41, is a doctor in the navy: Lt. (M.C.)U.S.N.R. Sarah Jane is nearly four. Abrother or sister "due in December." "Lovenavy life, the southwest, and am enjoyingreading Adler's 'How to Read a Book.' "Robert O. Evans is doing graduate workat Harvard University.* William H. Friedman has been in thediplomatic service since 1946. His first as­signment was to Marseilles, France as vice­consul. He is now serving as second secre­tary, American embassy, Belgrade. "Still un­married." He will be at the reunion "pro­vided I am in the United States at thetime."* Peter L. Giovacchini, MD '44, is a psy­chiatrist and psychoanalyst in Chicago.* Bernice 'Glickson, AM '42, (Mrs. S. I.Cohen) was an English instructor at Roose­velt College, Chicago, when she left in 1948"to have Larry, age 28 months in October(we aren't sure what month this will ap­pear). Her husband is owner of ModernGraphic Insdustries, printing.* Ralph M. Coldsteint JD '41, is an at­torney in Los Angeles. He has one boy,2 years of age.Thomas Hart, PhD, while on leave fromduties as Dean of the School of Arts andSciences at Roosevelt College, was visitingprofessor of Public Health at San Simo�University, Cochabamba, Bolivia, 'duringthe summer of 1950. The lectures weregiven in, Spanish .James R. Hill is an advertising copy­writer in Chicago. He is married to RuthC. Ahlquist, '43. They have two children:J esse Frederick, who will be three in April,and Hollis Ruth, 1.* Gregory D. Huffaker and his wife, Suozanne (Sally) Adams, 43, moved from Wil­mette to New York City two years agowhere Gregory is now a broker. Their homeis in Vernona, New Jersey. Greg is 6 andLaurie, three.* Robert J. Hughes, in the engineeringdepartment of Illinois Bell Co., writes:"Situation status quo since last report ex­cept that we are all a little older. Butto keep the record straight: Wife RuthPatricia Murray, '43; Patricia Louise (PattyLou), 5; Robert Joseph, nearly two." Thefamily has a home in Oak Lawn, Illinois. * ,Eloise A. Husmann was married to Rob'iert G. Bergman on July 1, 1950. They areliving in Chicago.Emily H. Kirchheimer lives in Glencoe�Her husband, R. H. Alschuler, is in theproduction department of a made to rneaS·ure men's clothing company. They havetwo children: Bill, 5; and David, 2.William D. Lampard and Katharine plat�'42 live in Honolulu where he is counselor"University of Hawaii. Barbara is 6; Edward;4, and Anthony, two.* Henry Litvak, JD '48, is practicing la\�in Chicago.Richard W. Lounsbury teaches geolo�Yat Pomona College, Claremont, California."Would enjoy the reunion but can't getback at this time."Dr. Leo A. Luckhardt is a practicing deIl'tist and teaches pathology and bacteriologyat Loyola Dental School, Chicago. "J�stbuilt a new home in Mundelein for WifeCarol and kids (Carl, 4; Gerry, 2, and Janet,1)." His office is 100 W. North Avenue, uIl'til or unless "the army wants me back':'* Edward M. McKay is a life underWriterwith the Great West Life Assurance Co)ll'pany in St. Louis. David Edward will betwo next June. The family is living in EastSt. Louis, Illinois.Alex Morin and Emily F. Shield are liV­ing near the University where Alex is alleconomist. "After fighting the battle ofWashington as a minor bureaucrat for partof the war and being in the army the restof it, and after (in a traitorous fashioIl)getting a Harvard PhD, I am back as. aresearch associate in our own econornlCS-department."':' George L. Nardi, MD '44, is � surgeo�·Beginning January 1, 1950: surgical reSI­dent at the Massachusetts General Hospital."Still no dependents." .* John W,' Nicho!son is a certified publiCaccountant \ with Alexander Grant & co�'pany, Chicago. He is married to Ilse J'�'Stettner, '46.Fielding Ogburn lives in Silver Spring,Maryland, with his wife, Patricia Daly, '4�and the two children, Allan, nearly 2, a�Willard, nearly 3. Fielding is a chemist WltPthe National Bureau of Standards in WasP'ington, D. C.* Oscar Donald Olson, MBA '48, is per­sonnel assistant with the Northern TrustCompany, Chicago. He is married to BoO'nie Breternitz '47. Pamela is 2. .Stewart Irvin Oost, AM '47, PhD '50, ISan instructor in history at Southern Metho'dist University, Dallas, Texas.Eleanor Reimer, formerly a medical so­cial worker, is the wife of Robert V. D�­mond, a certified public accountant in Chi'cago. Doris Ann is 5 and Leonard nearlythree.* Anne Rowell Moorhead and her hUS­band are ranching in St. Helena, California.Alice Beckwith is nearly 5 and Ruth Annenearly three.Robert W. Schafer, LLB '42, is in thedry cleaning business in Jackson, MichigaIl'"Recently moved to new house in thecountry." .Marjorie Schlytter Pullman lives in �hl'cago where her husband is an attendingphysician at Billings Hospital and instrUC'tor in the University's medical school. b­* Christine "Tina" Smith lives in suurban Lake Villa, Illinois. Her husbaod,Iohn T. Emerson, Jr., '38, JD '40, is in tP.ebureau of standards and 'industrial engl'neer with Marshall Field and CornpanY'Christy Elizabeth is nearly 4; Joan carolwas born July 3, 1950.Raymond W. Stanley, AM '47, is coo'tinuing his studies at U .C.L.A. in LOSAngeles.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE;. Alan J. Teague was separted from thenlr force in 1946 while in Memphis, Ten­B�ssee. He joined the staff of Brown &o;gelow, calendars, novelty, and other typesadvertising merchandise, with head­tuarters in Knoxville. He met his wife inis e7as after getting his wings in 1942. Joeand Diana four.Donald Hale Wallingford, LLB '42, ishracticing law in the American Nationaldank BUilding, Chicago. He has two chil­... ren, Donald, 2; and Karen, 6 months.i B. Baird Wallis is plant superintendento�r Jh� Quality Bisquit Company, divisionM nlted Bisquit Company in Milwaukee.t aster Baird Drake Wallis was born Sep­M�ber 12, 1950. Dad is a member of the., I waUkee Association of Commerce.;� R?bert G. Weiner, MD '43, has "beenn Private practice for one year in Chicagoa e�r the University. Betsy, (SM '44, MD '44)])\ I now have three children: Joseph, 6;We orah, 4; Sally, 7 months (in October).Io e Would be delighted to hear from our13�rn7 er friends when they are in Chicago.". E. 50th Street.'" LS ouis M. Welsh is an attorney for thebanta Fe Railway in Los Angeles. "Haveeen participating in Republican politics."]) 'thomas A. Hart, PhD, was recently madeR ean of the School of Arts and Sciences atI oosevelt College of Chicago. He previous­th served as director of malaria control forII e Institute of Inter-American Affairs,]) ealth and Sanitation Division in Bolivia.n ��i�g the past summer, he returned toRO IVla on the invitation of Dr. Urquidi,a ect�r of San Simon University to deliverAdserres of lectures in Spanish on "Recentvances in Public Health".th Jill} Murr and family were in Chicago\v'� ,last of September visiting with hisn: e s (Cynthia Dursema) mother. Jim is inr::/ sales division of General Mills at theirP �veland offices. The two children arerlscilla, 8; and James, Jr., GertrUde Eickstaedt is an accountant inc e �Uditing department of the First Wis­onsln National Bank in Milwaukee.WJoseph J. Molkup and his wife (T. Louise.d lekoff, '23, AM '35) are now in El Salva­f�r, where Joe is installing a merit systemo{ the civil personnel of the GovernmentE. El Salvador. Louise is teaching in thesCUela Americana in San l:IaTtiet G. Dexheimer, SM '49, is a direc­in t1)0f nUrses at the U. S. Marine Hospitaletroit, Mich. .b/aron B. Manders, LLB '42, is assistantin anc� manager for the Liberty Loan Corp.ChIcago.of non R. Leveridge is Regional Directorof Education for the National ConferenceChristians and Jews.Sa Maria E. Keen is in London doing re­o{Ch for her PhD degree in the .librariesC the British Museum and Oxford andarnbridge Universities.a �obert P. McNamee, JD '47, has openedaw office in San Jose, California.lV.Paul Stoddard Amos, AM, is associatedJ Ith Collier's Encyclopedia in Summit, Newersey.1942to Gregory D. Hedden, SM '50, was marriedth GeneVieve Groves September 9, 1950, atNI� University'S Graham Taylor chapel.(t)/.s Groves is a graduate of Ripon Collegef ISc?nsin). Gregory is completing workVOt his doctorate in chemistry at the Uni-etsity.ViW�U�m M. McMurray, of Falls Church,Btgmla, is a meteorologist for the Weatherllreau in Washington, D. C.JANUARY 1951, Mary M. Englebright, AM, of J ackson,Michigan, flew to Europe this past summerfor 91'2 weeks of travel through England,France, Luxembourg and Holland, with theInternational Student Stervice. She spentpart of the time studying "Social and Eco­nomic Freedoms" in Britain and "MedievalArt" in France.Andrew K. Butler, MD, was married toVirginia Dunnington on July 1, 1950. He isa radiologist at the Ohio Valley GeneralHospital, Wheeling, West Virginia.Paul J. Vollmer, Jr., MBA, is president ofthe Realty Mortgage & Investment Com­pany, Albuquerque, New Mexico.Arnold Wayne is a physicist with the LosAlamos Scientific Laboratory in New Mex­ico.James M. Wilson, MBA, '50, is an ac­countant with the Caterpillar Tractor Peoria, Ill.Robert W. Keyes, SM '49, is a physicistwith the Institute for the Study of Metalsat the University.Lewis H. Johnson is a lawyer in Seattle.Gustave S. Margolis is an attorney inJohnstown, Pa.Marvin M. Lavin; SM '44, MBA '49, isworking as a weapons systems analyst withthe Ordnance Research Department of theMuseum of Science and Industry in Chi­cago.Dorothy Einbecker, AM; '43, and her hus­band, Fredrik G. Feltham, AM '40, are liv­ing in Highland Park, Illinois. Dorothy isassistant director of the Veterans' TestingService and of the Examinations Staff atthe University.George G. Rinder, MBA, of Oak Park,Illinois, is an accountant for Marshall Field& Company, Chicago. Mrs. Rinder is Shir­ley L. Latham, '42.Vincent J. Oliver and his wife, MildredW� B. Oliver, SM '44, live in Hyattsville,Maryland. Vincent is a forecasting super­visor for the U. S. Weather Bureau inWashington, D. C.Clayton J. Thomas, SM '47, is a mathe­matician attached to the Ordnance Re­search staff at the Museum of Science andIndustry in Chicago.Raymond H. McEnvoy, AM '47, PhD '50,is an assistant professor of money and bank­ing at the University of Illinois.Benjamin Nimer is an instructor in po­litical science at Rhode Island State College.Irving Edward Beauregard is an assistan tprofessor of history at the University ofDayton in Dayton, Ohio.Charles H. Raith is working with theArmour Research Foundation at the Uni­versity of Chicago.H. John R. F. Seeley is an associate pro­fessor of sociology at the University ofToronto in Toronto, Canada.Ira R. Slagter is a supervisor with TimeInc. in Chicago.1943Aaron Brown, who begins his seventhyear as President of Albany State College(Georgia), broke the ground on October 18for the first of several new buildingsplanned for Albany's expansion program.LeVerne R. Sweeney, Jr., is loan managerof the Associates Discount Corp., Flint,Michigan.Barbara J. Snoke, AM, of Chicago, is asocial service worker for the Cook CountyHospital.Paul E. Thompson, PhD, is doing med­ical research work with Parke, Davis &Company, Detroit.Clinton W. Morgan, MD, is a neu ro­surgeon in Albuquerque, New Mexico. CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency68th YearNationwide ServiceFive 0 ffice,_;_One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansa. City, Mo.Spokane-New YorkAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement whlcb limits Itl!work to the university and college field.It Is amllated wltb the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational field!. Both organizationsassist In the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Our service Is nation-wide.Since 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best In placement service for UniversIty.ColleQe, Secondary and Elementary. Nation­wide patronaQe. Call or write UI at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisSTENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine shorthand. Less.effort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.A Iso other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,'Comptometry, etc. Day or eveni-ng. . Visit,write 01' phone for data.Bryant� SnattonCO�EGE18 S. MICHIGAN. AVE. Tel. RAndolph 6-1575LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULINGe60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDEeASK FOR FREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISIUtterfield 8-6711·DAVID L. SUTTON. Pres.33Telephone KEnwood 6·1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLIfGO/defl Dirilyte(Ior",."y Diri(/ol.)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - N01' PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINA'Aynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andDther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCtysbL Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, III.34 Seymour Levine is a post doctoral fel­low of bacteriology at the Western ReserveSchool of Medicine in Cleveland, Ohio.Stuart P. Lloyd is a graduate student inphysics at the University of Illinois.Joanne Gerould, SM '45, and her hus­band, William V. Malkus, SM '48, PhD '50,are living in Chicago, where Joanne is anassistant professor at the Illinois Instituteof Technology.J. A. Bolz, MD, is practicing in GrandRapids, Michigan.Richard R. Carlson, SM '48, is a physi­cist With the Institute of Nuclear Studiesat the University.Margaret Rudy has been granted a leaveof absence from 'the Department of Agri­culture and is enrolled in the GraduateLibrary School at the University.Jane C. Reingeimer is the administrativesecretary for the Civil Rights Organizationin Philadelphia..Don Patinkin, AM '45, PhD '47, is anassociate professor of economics at the Heb-rew University in Jerusalem. 'Raymond C. Wanta is working as a 're­search meteorologist with the BrookhavenNational Laboratory in Upton, N. Y.1944Marilyn R. Herst was married to ThomasL. Karsten, '37, JD'. '39, on November 26,1950, at the bride'shorne in Chicago. Mari­lyn is with the Alfred Auerbach Associates,New York. Tom was executive assistant tothe Under Secretary of the Interior, and inthe war, served as naval aide to the Gov­ernor of Puerto Rico and as associate pros­ecutor at the Nuremberg trials. He is alieutenant commander in the Naval Re­serve and is practicing law in New. York.Anna Shaefer Leopold's daughter, LouiseMarie, was born October 4, 1950. John isnow 28 months old. The Leopolds live inAltoona, Pennsylvania, where Anna co-leadsthe Great Books Discussion Group.Betty Jane Corwin, AM '48, of Green­field, Indiana, was made an instructor atBowling Green State University in October.She was a ,�eaching assistant there whileworking onJLhd' doctorate.L. Malcolni"'McAfee is assistant professorin the department of social sciences atGeorgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta,Georgia.Lois M. Regnell and her husband, PaulH. Jordan, Jr., '41, MD '44 announce thebirth of their daughter, Patricia Lynn, onSeptember 25, 1950. Kristine is 4 and Craigis 20 months,Eugenia Wolliak, AM, of Washington,D. C., is a foreign affairs analyst for theDepartment of State.Robert Arnold Satten is a teaching as­sistant in physics at the University of Cali­fornia.Frazier' W. Rippy is an instructor in theEnglish department of the University ofArizona.Grayson L. Tucker, Jr., SM '48, is a so­cial worker in Louisville, Ky.Jack A. Kahoun, MD '46, and his wife,Janice B. Goode, '43, are living in SanFrancisco, where Jack is a physician at theUniversity of California Hospital.Edward H. Senz, MD '46, of Streator, Illi­nois, is a physician at the University Clinics.Mrs. Senz is Wanda E. Grzanka, '44, SB '46.Otto H. Trippel, MD '46" is a physicianat the University Clinics. Mrs. Trippel isDorothy B. Trippel, AM '47.Robert G. Dorsch is an aeronautical re­search scientist with the Lesis Flight Pro­pulsion Laboratory in Cleveland, Ohio. Violet A. Escarraz, MBA, is engaged tobe married to Paul E. Becker, of ChicagO,James J. Jenkins received his PhD de;gree from the University of Minnesota laS'August.Morris R. Lewenstein, AM '47, is a cuf'riculum consultant in the College of Edl:l"cation at the University of Illinois.1945Mildred Grooms, AM, is assistant prO'fessor of modern languages at State Teae!l'ers College, Florence, Alabama.Margaret R. Sopocko was married to'George Sopocko June 24, 1950, in Nel�York City.Winslow G. Fox, MD '48, and his wife,Elizabeth, '48, announce the arrival of:daughter, Carolyn, on September 25, 195',"delivered by her proud papa!"Owen Jenkins; AM '50, of Chicago, is allinstructor at the George Institute of Teen'nology, Atlanta, Georgia.Charles Arthur Messner Jr. is continuinghis studies as a graduate student at YaleUniversity.David B. Gordon, BS, received an MS ill'physiology from the University of SoutherllCalifornia last spring.Martin D. Kruskal is working with t�eInstitute for Mathematics and MechaOlCsin New York City.C. Frederick Kittle, MD, has received a$500 .first place award in an essay contestsponsored by the Kansas City SouthwestClinical Society. Dr. Kittle's essay reportee.on his· original research of the past twOyears and dealt with the kind of effect tbevagus and sympathetic nerves have on tbeworking of the stomach.1946Frank G. IJMangin was married to JoanneM. Schaefer on October 7, 1950, at CarnPCook, California, where Lt. Mangin is sta'­tioned. They will live in Santa Maria.Jaroslav J. Pelikan, PhD, is a professor �.tConcordia Theological Seminary, St. LOUlS,Missouri.R. Elberton Smith, AM, PhD '47, is �lleconomist, Special Staff, Office of the C�lefof Military I History, U. S. Army, Wash JOg'ton, D. C.William M. Neil, AM '48, is an instructOrat Indiana University's Gary Center.John H. Kautsky, AM '47, is a teachingfellow in the department of government atHarvard.George W. Sacksteder, AM '49, is teacb'ing in the philosophy department at tbeUniversity.Stewart D. Bloom, SM '48, is a physicistat the University.John S. 'Kozy, MD, is practising in TO'ledo, Ohio.,Reason Alva Goodwin, AM, is working asa legislative analyst in New York City.Samuel Greenburg, AM '46, is teachingart at Tuley High School in Chicago.Rita Ann Robinson, SB '50, is studying atthe University of Copenhagen in Denmark,James D. Watson, SB '47, is working wit�the Institute for Cytophysiology at the Vnl'versity of Copenhagen in Copenhagen, Den'mark.Edwin H. Godberger, JD '50, is BiglOWFellow at the University of Chicago LaWSchool.Paul Waggoner is continuing his studiesin botany at Iowa State College in AmeS,Iowa.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1947A. Son, Roderick John III, was born onSUnday, November 5, to Roderick JohnMacpherson, Jr., '49, and Carol E. Kahout�acpherson, in Minneapolis. The new boy:s the nephew of Anne M. Macpherson, SB14, '45, now working in Minneapolis, andthe grandson of Margaret Monroe Mac­P�erson, '17, who is now in the Admissionsoffice of the University. Rod Macpherson,[r., Was called to active duty in the armedforces just a week after the son arrived.Jean Cooke (Mrs. Stefan Gierasch) hasb�en traveling in Europe the past two yearsWIth a cast from London's Old Vic Theatre.Stanley J. Levine graduated magna cumlaude from the University of Miami Schoolof Law, receiving his LLB in June of 1950.No�v a partner in the law firm of �old�s�eIn, Klein, Burris and Lehrman, MIamIBeach, Florida, he is engaged to be marriedt� Paula Dornfeld, of Brooklyn. The wed­dlUg is scheduled for December 24, 1950.Louis R. Miner, AM, is an instructorane! graduate student in the department ofEnglish at the University of Kentucky.June G. Biber, SB '49, was married to�. W. Freeman IlIon June 11, 1950. JuneIS stUdying at the University psychologydepartmen t.. Jack I. Boyd, AM, of Washington, D. C:,IS a junior economist with the Economic�ooperation Administration. Jack studiedInternational relations at the University ofGeneva, Switzerland, during 1947-48 on aRotary Fellowship.Virginia A. Lavell, AM, is director of aday nursery in Plainfield, New Jersey.Jerrold Meinwald, SB '48, was awardeda teaching fellowship in the chemistry de­partment at Harvard.lIany M. Markowitz, AM '50, is a re­search assistant with the Cowles Commis­sion at the University of Chicago.William B. Cannon, AM '49, is a man,agernent intern with the Bureau of Aero­llautics in Wash ington , D. C.lIomer B. Goldberg, AM '48, is teachingat the University.Janet L. Lippman, AM '50, of West End,N. J., is a research assistan t for Urban Re­development Study, Chicago.Lore U. Weinberg is a psychiatric social:vorker in Middletown, Conn. Her husbandIS Martin Oswald, AM '48.JOhn H. Ballard, AM '49, is with theIllinois State T'ra ining School for Boys.Donald B. Meyer is a teaching fellow ofA.merican history at Harvard.1948.Martin Paltzer was graduated in June'Yah another bachelor's degree from U .C.­�.A. and is now with an engineering firmIn R.iverside, California.JOhn K. L. Kavanaugh, AM, is principalof the Astoria High School, Astoria, Illinois.LlOYd A. Fallers, AM, and his wife (Mar­garet E. Chave), AM '48, have gone toD&anda, Africa, for two years on a Ful­brIght Fellowship to Makerere College.They will study group life among people"'h� have been transplanted from normal�atlVe life into modern industrial opera­�ons. Their daughter, .Winnifred Mary, was,_orn April 12, 1950, m London, England,there the Fallers were on a Fulbright toondon School of Economics.. Courtney B. Lawson, AM, is an instructorIn English at Denison University, Cran­Ville, Ohio.James M. Shellow, of Milwaukee, Wis­Consin, was married to Gilda Lee BloomJANUARY, 1951 September 7, 1950, in New York City. MissBloom is a graduate of Adelphi College.The couple will live in Ft. Wayne, Indiana,where James is doing graduate work on afellowship from the University.Ralph D. Spencer, Jr., MBA, is an insur­ance broker and uuderwriter with the Con­tinental Insurance 'Company, Chicago.George M. Kaiser, AM, is a teacher at theOrthogenic School and is enrolled in thepsychoanalytic child care course at the In.stitute for Psychanalysis, Chicago.Ruth H. Lundeen, was married to Ken­neth MacKenzie on September 9, 1950, ather horne in Fergus Falls, Minnesota. Theyare both attending the University, Ruth isin the English department and Kenneth isin 'the Business School.Emerson E. Lynn, Jr., of lola, Kansas isstate and farm editor of the Wichita "Bea­con." He studied at the University of Mel­bourne, Australia, in 1948-49, on a RotaryFellowship.George C. Rogers, J1'., AM, of Charleston,South Carolina, attended the University ofEdinburgh, Scotland, during the 1949-50school year on a Rotary Fellowship and isnow a candidate' for a PhD at the Univer­sity of Chicago.David W. Wilder was married to JanetM. Whitcomb on September 22, 1950. MissWhitcomb attended Washington and North­western Universities. They recently returnedfrom a motor trip through the southwestto their home on the near north side (Chi­cago).Russell H. Clark, MBA '49, is the treas­urer of the Chicago Musical College.Edward J. Flickinger, MBA, is making aname for himself in Chicago as EddieJames, the leader of the Velvet Rhythmdance orchestra. The band plays week-endengagements all .over the Chicago area andincludes a University student at the piano.Donald R. Bentz, SB '50, is continuinghis studies at the Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology in Cambridge. .Donald E. Osterbrock is studying astron­omy at Yerkes Observatory.Richard H. Orr is a physician with theSouthern Pacific Hospital in San Francisco.John Alexander Armstrong J1'., AM '49,is continuing his studies in the departmentof Law and Government at Columbia Uni­versity.Roy M. Endlich,. SM, has been workingin Buenos Aires, Argentina, for a year.Alexander H. Pope was married to Har­riet Martin in September, 1950. Mr. Popeis in his second year at the University ofChicago Law School, and Mrs. Pope isstudying in the School of Social ServiceAdministration.Morris Halle, AM, of Clayton, Missouri,is a teaching fellow in the department ofSlavic Language and Literature at HarvardUniversity.Betty Jane Ross (Mrs. Mercer), AM '48,is a sociology teacher at Creston Junior Col­lege, Creston, Iowa.George T. Vane, AM, is an assistant pro­fessor of English at Hamline University inSt. Paul, Minnesota..Richard T. Steams, AM '50, and his wife,Ruth W. Steams, '48, are now living inRichmond, California, where Richard isstudying for a PhD at the University ofCalifornia.Randolf Oarr, AM, is foreign analist forthe State Department in Washington, D. C.W. Ferguson Hall, SM, is a meteorologistwith the United States Weather Bureau inWashington, D. C.Jorday Jay Hillman, AM, JD '50, is onlyst with the State Department.the legal staff of the Illinois CommerceCommission. Real Estate and In3urance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-25254gt;;;;;;;;�IUC1RICA1 SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers aId J.lIlIers IIELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewo�d 4-7500. Phones OAklanei -4-0690-4-0691--4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnin". and Canopi •• for All Purpo •••4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePENDERCatch Basin a�d Sewer ServiceBack Water Valve5. Sumps-Pump.1545 E. 63RD STREEl6620 con AGE GROVE AVENUEFA Irfu 4.0558PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVI·CE1545 EAST 63RD STREET��COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-6324Lunches: 45c up; Dinners: $J .25-$2.25SinceJB95SURGEONS'INSTRUMENTSof ALL TYPESEQUIPMENT and FURNITUREfor OFFICE and HOSPITALAll Phones: SEeley 3-2180V. MUELLER & CO.320-408 S. HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS35Snug BerthDespite Berkeley's acute housing short­age Stanley Freed, '49, found himself a"snug berth" when he arrived there lastOctober to study at the University of Cali­fornia.Infantry veteran, anthropology studentFreed apparently feels quite at home liv­ing on a converted Navy mine-sweeper an­chored in one of Berkeley's exclusive yachtbasins.He feels, however, that his neighborsmight be justified in regarding his new $30a month home, which he rents from aRichmond war surplus dealer, as a slumelement. The wooden hulled old ship isbadly run down with everything saleable:'having been stripped before he rented it.Stan has tried to improve the propertyhimself; a knocked out partition and a coatof grey paint trimmed with red has trans­formed a former officers' ward room intocombination sleep and study room. As an Ship ahoy, from the bow of his new home.Stan studies on deck during pleasant fall weather.) alternative place to study he has set updeck chairs at the bow. "The patio" is alsOa fine place for his friends to enjoy thescenic qualities of .Berkeley, Oakland andSan Francisco. 'Fresh water is piped aboard from th.eyacht harbor docks, and Stan has solved hIScooking problem by purchasing a kerosenestove. When he took possession he alsOfound that the ship's fuel tanks were nearlyfull of diesel oil which' he uses for heat.Freed is. now contemplating renting theradio shack to a fellow student. Incident·ally, he doesn't know whether to be reoIieved or worried by the fact there are norats aboard the ship. .The only complaint about Stan's rome'sweeper-house-boat comes from his brothe�Merrill, now studying at the University �,Chicago Law School. The yacht harbor ISso far from the California campus thatStan had to borrow Merrill's car for theyear.,June G. Pattulo is with the Scripps I�­stitution of Oceanography at La Jolla, Cali­fornia.George W. Seils, MBA '50, is a financialanalyst with the Ford Motor Company inDearborn, Michigan.Murray Krieger, AM, is continuing hisstudies as a university fellow at Ohio Uni­versity in Columbus, Ohio.Robert E. McCoy is continuing his studiesas a graduate student at Cornell Univer­sity in Ithica, New York.1949James L. Hufford, AM, was recently ap­pointed an instructor in communication.skills at Lewis College, Lockport, Indiana.He will teach integrated courses in litera­.ture, fine arts, speech, and journalism.Joseph P. Brett is a representative of TheEquitable, Life Assurance Society of. thellJ. S., in Chicago.Robert W. Rietz, AM, is social admin­istrator research analyst with the UnitedStates Indian Service at Elbowoods, NorthDakota.Ernest J. Fey is in his junior year at.DePaul University College of Law, Chicago.Karl E. Irvin, Jr., MBA, was married tolean Shanesy November 25, 1950. They livein Glenview, Illinois.Peter H. Selz, AM, recently returned::36 from Paris, where he studied under a' Ful­bright grant, and is now professor of arthistorv at the Illinois Institute of Technol­ogy. He is also teaching art history coursesat the Institute of Design, Chicago.Jerry B. Briscoe, AM, of Amarillo, Texas,is studying at the University for his PhD.During 1949-50, he studied on a RotaryFellowship at the University of London,England.Howard E: Schuchmann, of Lebanon, Illi­nois, studied on a Rotary Fellowship 'atOxford University, England, during 1949- (50. He has returned to Oxford this fall tocomplete work for a BA degree in modernhistory and international" relations.Dorothy Strickland was' married to E.Ted Pliakas on September 9, 1950. Theylive in Chicago where Dorothy is employedas a secretarv.Albert L. Weeks, Jr., AM, is studying atColumbia University.Walter Hartmann, AM, is with the Psy­chology Department of the East MolineState Hospital in East Moline, Ill.Norman Elkin, AM, is a research analystwith the Chicago Land Clearance Commis­sion.Milan Carl Brenkus, AM, 'is a researchassociate with the Welfare Council of Met­ropolitan Chicago.Kenneth H. Wilmarth, SM, is a chemistfor General Electric Company, Richland,Washington. Jean F. C�nu, SM, is a teaching assista�tin mathematics at the University of WIS­consin.Donald S. Barnhart, AM, of San DiegO,has been awarded a Rotary FoundationFellowship for the school year 1950-51. fIeis studying Latin American history and cul­ture at. the National University of CoI01ll',bia in Bogota, Colombia, in preparation fola teaching career.Frank Baldanza, Jr., AM, of Cleveland,Ohio, is an instructor at the George In­stitute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.David E. Misner, PhD, of Chicago, is amember of the faculty of George WilliamSCollege.Margo Frances Ledee, AM, was marriegto Peter R. Toscano on August 5, 195·Margo is a social worker in Chicago. _Robert B. Lees, AM, is a research chem!ist and linguist with the Argonne NationaLaboratories in Chicago.Sherry Bordorf, AM, (Mrs. Gordon L:Goodman) is an editorial assistant with f·E. Compton & Co. in Chicago. . tSanford M. Siegel, SM, is a biochetrllS,with the army at Camp Deitrick in Fred­erick, Md.Katherine A. Podolsky, AM, and her h�s·band, Stephen H. Axilrod, AM '50, are 11�'ing in Santurce, Puerto Rico. Katherine 15an economist for the Social Science ResearcbCenter of the University of Puerto RicO,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED .• BONDEDINSUREDQUAIJFIED WELDERSHAymarket 1·79171404-08 S. We.tem A ..... , ChicagoSInce 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture RepaIrIng1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9·7180---ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.----�A. T. STEWART LUMBER CO.Quality and ServiceSince J88879th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones Vincennes 6.9000�----------------------�Platers- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD. SILVER. RHODIUMSILVERWAREIt.pair.d, It.finish.d, It.'acquer."SWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 Chica90�------------------------Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600·2634 W. Taylor St'.jBuyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff. ROckweJ1 2-6252 ne. Roger T. Vaughan, '99, MD' 03 (72)suffered a heart attack at his farm homesouthwest of Chicago and died November3, 1950. Dr. Vaughan was widely known asa surgeon and diagnostician. His fatherfounded the Vaughan Seed Company ofChicago.Garland Q. Whitfield, '02 died January25, 1949, at Baptist Hospital, Jackson, Miss.He was a lawyer and -County Court Judgeof Hinds County, Miss.Archibald E. Minard, DB '04, of Fargo,North Dakota, died May 9, 1950.Clarence H. LeVitt, '04, of Hannibal,Missouri, died June 3, 1950.August Sauthoff, MD '05, died September19, 1950, at the Wisconsin General Hos­pital, Madison.George L. Unnewehr, '07, of Berkeley,California, died suddenly on August 12,1950. -'Lee Connell Gatewood, MD '11 (Rush),died January 3, 1950, at his home in Chi­cago:Claude W. Flansburg, '12, of Lincoln,Nebraska, died August 8, 1950, of a heartattack.Frank o. Erb, AM '10, DB '12, PhD '13,of Rochester, i\ew York, died August 26,1950.Paul F. Shupp, '13, died August 14, 1950at his home in Pittsburgh.Eva Goldstein, '13 (Mrs. Isaac C. Haft),died July 16, 1950, after a long illness.Annetta O. Burkholder, who did work atthe University around 1923, died in Edmon­ton, Canada, at the age of 87.Raynor A. Timme, '23; of Michigan City,Indiana, died November 8, 1950, at the ageof 50, of a heart attack. He was a repre­sentative for A. C. Allyn & Co., Chicagoinvestment brokers. His wife, Ruth Bed­ford, '23, died in 1946. Surviving are a sonand a daughter.After an extended illness, Richard H.Hickey, Jr., '24, died at the age of 47 No­vember 25, 1950 in Billings Hospital. Dickhad been with the University for over aquarter of a century. He was the Univer­sity's real estate manager and assistant sec­retary to the Board of Trustees. He. heldnumerous offices at the Quadrangle' Clubwhere he and his wife, Mildred, helpedprovide leadership for all the Club ac­tivities. The news will come as a shock tohis hundreds of friends in University andbusiness circles.Josef Hektoen, '25, JD '28, who had beenassociated with the National Labor Rela­tions Board for the past eleven years, diedin San Francisco November 15, 1950.Paul McConnell, '27, of Santa Ana, Cali­fornia, died August 15, 1950.Robert E. Massey, '28, was having a cupof soup in the kitchen with his wife, An­nette Allen, '29, on November 12; 1950when he had a fatal heart attack. Bob wasa cattle buyer for Swift and the family (in­cluding three children) had purchased acomfortable home in Beverly Hills (Chi­cag-o) where they moved a year before.Margaret Moser (Mrs. Woodford A. Hef­lin), AM '36, of Montgomery, Alabama, diedApril 29. 1950.John Spreck, SB '41, PhD '44, was killedon August 18, 1949 while mountain climb­ing in the Italian Alps.Frances E. Hammitt, PhD '48, died July5, 1950. She was associate professor, schoolof library science, Western Reserve Univer­sity, in Cleveland. LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3·9100·1·2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLES,WE DELIVERSUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, back of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles. and wartl.Men and WomenLOTTIE A� METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' experienceI AlsoGraduate Nurse •Suite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATIONEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902Yards All Over TownQUALITY COALS AND FUEL OILSGeneral Offices342 N. Oakley Blvd.All Phones - SEeley 3-4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chiceqo Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2116·7·8-9Wallon'l COGI Make. Good-or­Wallon 0081Wetter Wat�r- is on the jobTHE SMOKE SWELLS ... the flames roar ... firemen push:into the heart of the conflagration behind a wall of spray. 'Then almost- as if by .magic the crackling flames die down• . . the fire, is out.Wetter uiaier is on the job again!What is this remarkable fire fighting tool? How canwater be "wetter? The answer is an astonishing chemicalcalled Unox Penetrant.Add �s little as one per cent of Unox Penetrant to waterand a wonderful change takes place. The water actuallybecomes wetter ... spreads rapidly and evenly ... sinksal­most instantly into any even slightly porous surface.Sprayed on burning wallboard, wood, even bales of cot­ton - wetter water penetrates below "the burnt outside to thefire beneath. \ . put.s it out faster with less than one-thirdof the waterusually �eeded. Fire departments find that Unox Penetrant reduces fire,smoke and water damage ... makes the fireman's worksafer and more efficient. I1)s but one example of the hun­dreds of materials produced by the people of Union Carbide .Among these products there is certainly one or more thatwill be of value to your business.F R E E: Learn more about the iruerestin.e tlii tu:« youuse every day. fVrile for the illustrated booklet" Prod­ucts and Processes" which tells how science and in :dustry use Union Carbide'sAlIoys,Chemicals,Carbo/ls.Gases and Plastics in creating things for YOIl. Writefor Fee booklet .H.UNION CARBIDEAKD' CARBON COB.PO.RATIOff30 EAST 42ND STREET [00 NEW YORK 17, N. Y.Trade-marked Products of Divisions and Units includeSYNTIIETJc ORGA't:'IC CHEMICALS LIND'E 'Oxygen BAKELITE, KRENE, 'and VINYLITE Plastics.. PREST-O-LITE Acetylene PYROFAX Cas NATIONAL Carbons EVEREADY Flashlights and BatteriesACHESON Electrodes PREST,ONE and TREK Anti-Freezes. ELECTROMET Alloys and Metals HAYNES STELLITE Alloys