IWhat more could a man want?DURING the early part of my career, I had to do a lotof traveling. I knew I wouldn't be really happy untilI had a business of my own that would enable me tospend more time at home and be a part of my owncommunity.So I made a private survey here in Manchester ofthe men whose lives seemed to have all the advan­tages I was looking for. It turned out that the menIwould have been most willing to trade places withwere in life insurance. This came as a surprise to me,for I had never thought of a career in that field ..Helpful talks with many of these men convinced methat life insurance offered the kind of earnings andlife that I wanted. Their suggestions for the next stepfollowed this pattern: join a good company you willbe proud to be with - a company with good trainingcourses, good advertising support", a-nd one that willback you up with solid help if you need it.That company, as further study indicated, wasNew England Mutual. I joined in February, 1947.Now I've got no ceiling on my income. I'm livingamong, and doing business with, my friends andneighbors. And I've got time left over for communityactivities and for a good life with my friends andfamily. What more could a man want?Ilecent graduates of our Home Office trammg c�urse,although new to the life insurance business, earn average�rst-J'ear commissions of $4200-which, with renewal corn­missions added, brings the total yearly income average to$6500. From here, incomes rise in direct proportion to eachindividual's ability and industry.If you'd like information about a career that gives you a. business of your own, with no slow climb up a seniorityladder and no ceiling on earnings, write Mr. H. C. Chaney,Director of Agencies, 50 I Boylston �treet, Boston 17, Mass.The New England Mutual, America'sfirst chartered mutual life insurancescompany, backs up its field force withstrikingly effective national advertis­ing. This. advertisement, appearingcurrently in T'be Saturday Evening Postand Fortune (in full color), and inTime, Newsweek and Business Week,tells millions of prospects about theadvantages and .fl exi bi l ity of NewEngland Mutual policies, and urgesthem to consult our field men for ex­pert help on life insurance problems. THOMAS W. HYNES and family,Manchester, New HampshireThese University of Chieago men are New England Mutual representatives:Harry Benner, 'II, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoJames M. Banghart, '41, San FranciscoJohn R. Downs, '46, ChicagoThey can give you expert counsel on uniquely liberal and flexible NewEngland Mutual life insurance that's tailored to fit your family's needs.The NEW ENGLAND MUTUALLife Insurance Company of Boston[Alumni activitiesSchool of Business alumni had their firstfaU meeting on October 24th in Haskell on�e quadrangles. Guest speakers were S. R.erlove (Business Economics) and Edwardr- Rubin, president of Selected Americanhares, Inc. They spoke on "The Outlookfor Investments in Common Stocks." New?fficers of this division are: Frank E. Walsh,:t3, MBA '46, president; Alice W. Brown,39, secret�ry.Law School alumni held their forty-thirdannual dinner in the Red Lacquer Roomof the Palmer House on November 21,1950, in honor of the new dean, Edward�. Levi. Speakers: Associate Justice HugoP" Black, Governor Adlai Stevenson, androfessor Wilber G. Katz.The Seattle Club met October 19 withnr. Edward L. Turner, '22, SM '23, head�f internal medicine at the University ofVashington Medical School, as guestspeaker. He told of the progress beingmade at this new medical school. New?fficers elected: S. T. Kernoll, 543, MBA:'7, president; Dr. Donald McDonald, MD}42, vice presiden t; Richard C. Reed, '43,n '48, secretary-treasurer.. The Rochester alumni, under the direc­tion of Mrs. Henry D. Masterson, '18, en­�ertained John R. Davey, dean of studentsIn the College, at a dinner on the campusof the Rochester Institute of Technology,OctOber 30, 1950.]) The St. Louis Club plans a meeting onecember 5, 1950, with Dean Garfield V.Cox (School of Business) as guest speaker.�urrent club officers are: L. Ray Felker,20, president; Judge Ivan Lee Holt, '35,10 '37, vice president; Richard M. Stout,;t3, JD '44, secretary; J. Leonard Schermer,39, JD '41, treasurer.Illtroducing-Our new associate editor, Ann Collar.In '45, she came to the University fromCraWfordsville, Indiana, on an entrance�cholarship. She graduated three years'ater from the College with general hon­ors, or roughly a B plus average.She also ornamented the "Maroon" asPage, copy and managing editor, and: .onentering the divisions, turned to wntmga COlumn called "Thus Spake Protagoras"I(the gargoyle who perches aloft the left1and corner of Hull Court gate). She\vas. a student aide, helped organize theDnlled World Federalist chapter on cam­PUs, and was president of Green Hall.One of her columns on U of C women,SUbmitted to Mademoiselle magazine, ledto. her being chosen one of their 20 guestecittors for the annual College issue. TheCOlllpetition was stiff: there were 2,000. �orne applicants. She spent a busy andInformative month in New York as ag.llest managing editor, and then anotherShlX weeks as a vacation replacement on� e magazine. Found it excellent train­Ing, for she intends to go into newspaper�r magazine work. Meantime, she's usingher skills in the English Department (ander work toward an MA), and in getting,OUt the Magazine.. ' ,f "fhe Collars are almost a 100% alumni.alllily-mother, Helen Hoffmann, '25, wasIn. the geology department. Brother Bill�raduated in June, '1950, with generalonors.DECEMBER, 1950 Enthusiastic NoteOver 1200 new alumni members havebeen added to the Association since Octo­ber 1. This carries our membership wellpast 9,000 for the first time in history.Honoring Dean HarveyThe New Dean, 1921In the University Register for 1901, un­der ANATOMY, are listed two coursesheaded 1) Dissection of the Arm andWall of Thorax (Human); and 2) Dis­section of the Head, Neck, and ThoracicViscera (Human): Harvey, andothers.In the 1950 Faculty Directory is listed:Dr. Basil C. H. Harvey, Anatomy Build­ing, 206.Those two listings are nearly hal f acentury and more than 3,000 studentsapart. .Now, to honor this dean emeritus ofthe biological sciences, Dr. Harvey's stu­dents, colleagues, and friends are estab­lishing a medical loan fund. The goal is$50,000. Already the fund has passed$8,000.To have your name recorded, mail acontribution to The Basil Harvey Fund,950 E. 59th Street, Chicago 37.Emeritus, 1944 Letter of the monthIt was Saturday and 18 above. The officewas deserted but warm. We dropped in tosee what the mail man had left at ourhall door. We wouldn't have missed it at20 below.Dear Howard:This month's issue of the Magazine[November] has ·arrived...I have intended to write to tell youwhat a good job your organization is do­ing with this publication. . . . Consider... this ... done.'The second' matter I would like to callto your revered attention is the fact thatyour ad compositions, although attractive,are hardly intellectual, to-wit [a lawyerwti�ing!l: Your ad which appears on theinside front cover.'(The two campus scenes which we agreeto deliver "to your door for an even$13.00." We forgot to add "each."]Will you please advise me what sort of.an intellectual yardstick or slide rule oneneeds to read the ad and then come upwith the answer as to whether the men­tioned photographs are $13.00 for' a pairor apiece?At any rate they happen to capture twoof the moods (not nudes), memories ofwhich I have always relished. I am, there­fore, enclosing my check and 1 wouldappreciate it if you would fill in the ap­propriate amount to cover both photo­graphs in sepia. rHe's a keen attorney .The check reads: "Not ·to exceed $35.001]Do you ever get out to this part of thecountry? If so, you have been extremelycareful to avoid detection. I have nowreached the age where I am on the de­cline and I would certainly . enjoy theopportunity to observe the effects of timeon one who must really be ancient by now.[The crook! He was a wild law studentwhen we took him over and made a goodbarber shop cashier at the time when wewere directing the Reynolds Club.]University life is a funny thing. Oneremembers his experiences and assumesthat conditions have remained static. I amsure that you and all about you havechanged, possibly for the. good.Paul R. Kitch, JD '35Wichita, Kansas.P .S. If your ad had been coherent Iwould have paid no attention to it. P.R.K.-H. W. M.IThe Army Air Forces In WorldWar .lI: The Pacific-Guadal­canal to Saipan (August 1942 toJuly 1944). Edited by W. F.Craven and J. L. Cate. Univeraityof Chicago Press, 825 pp, maps,photographs.The third volume of the Army AirForce historv of World War II to be issued(although f�urth in chronological order)describes the painful opera tions of six AirForces as we clawed our way forward fromour Australian base toward the prime tar­get )n the Pacific- Jap,an. The story pri­. marily describes the' difficulties, hardships,and improvisations of fighting in this far­away part of the world. From Australiaitself to Burma and even Alaska, the airforces were conducting' constant operations1Catein the steady reduction of Japanese powerwhich led to the final victory.Details of the air warfare in the Pacificprimarily will be of interest to the studentsof aerial war and to the participants them­selves. However, the hardships, the head­aches, the difficulties of these operationsshould serve to underline for laymen theproblems about which we read in ourdaily papers. For in a very real sense, theaerial warfare of the 1942-44 days in thePacific set the pattern for Korean opera­tions. The difficult terrain, the continuedsearch for air strips, the long distancesover which supplies had to be moved, theweather, all spell out in detail the problemof Korea today. To that degree this vol­ume should have great contemporary in­terest. One hopes that the lessons of thenhave been applied to the fighting _of today;it is the greatest contribution which therecording of this history can make.-Robert E. Merriam, AM '40Reading Drama. Reading Fiction.Reading Poetry. By ,Fred B.Millet. Harper and Brothers:New York, 1950. $2.00 each.Professor Millet's three textbooks con-tinue the fashion for constructing antholo­gies in the context of a technique of lit­erary analysis.These texts are arranged on a consistentplan: a fairly long discussion of the tech­nique of the kind of literature beingstudied is followed by texts with com­mentaries and study-questions on particularworks; two appendices, setting forth theframe of reference, of Millet's analyses, arereprinted almost verbatim at the end ofeach volume. Reading Drama contains fiveone-act and one full-length play; ReadingFiction reprints ten short stories; ReadingPoetry -includes 50 short poems.Millet offers the student minute direc­tions for the analysis of literature. He isasked to discover in the text being ana­lyzed the "values" which contribute to the"pleasure and profit" that can be obtainedfrom excellent art. For his "pleasure" heis directed to seek the "factual" values ofthe work (that is, the pleasure that he getsfrom a summary of a poem, story, or play),the psychological values (the pleasure af-2 forded him by vivid images, connotativewords, empathy, and analysis of personalitypatterns of characters), and technical values(the pleasure that comes to him whentechnique is appropriate to subject-matter).For his "profit" the student is asked toexamine the piece of literature for its sym­bolic values (an author's value-judgmentscommunicated through symbols) and,idea­tional values (the philosop�i.,9;al, religious,and ethical attitudes of the author towardhis subject). More particularly, the studentis directed, in his study of fiction, to studypoint of view, structure, and style. In hisreading ot poetry, the student is asked todiagram the feelings he experiences inreading the pqem, to decide whether thestructure of the poem is narrative, descrip­tive, expository, argumentative, or com- bined, and to do a thorough scansion. Tltedirections for' analysis of a play �re similarto those for fiction. These directions, ancimore not mentioned here, ar� all valuablefor the' student of literature: they forc�;him to pay close attention to the text beis reading. Professor Millet has thus avcomplished his purpose.For me, however, these volumes do notoffer the student a method for' discovering;excellence in literature. The student wiLlnot' find critical standards whereby he catldecide whether an analysis of the imagerlof the first stanza of "The Eve of. St. AgneS(Millet finds that 40 per cent of the wordSevoke images) leads to a critical valuation"If a poem has much imagery what is to bedone with this information? To have madehis technique of analysis valuable to tbeBROOKS BROTHERS' EVENING WEARis traditionally correct in every detailOur evening wear: is typically Brooks Brothers.From materials of our own selection we cut theevening clothes on our own patterns ... they aremade by our own skilled craftsmen ... and, as in allBrooks Brothers' clothing, you have the assurancethat our long experience makes them correct inevery detail.Men living in the Midwest will find an excel­lent selection of evening clothes and accessoriesin our fine new store at Madison Street and Mich­igan Avenue in Chicago.We invite Charge Accounts:Fot'information write 74 East Madison St., ChicagoESTABLISHED 1818�����Utn:s rurnishings, "atB q-ShoesMADISON STREET AT MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 2, ILL.NEW YORK • BOSTON • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCOTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZI:N�St�ent, Professor Millet should have . con­StrUcted a more' coherent view of the endsto be achieved in literature. Adequatea€hemat� for determining literary "kinds"WOU.ld have, b�en one step in the right di­rectIon. Millet does classify the poems, (butnor fiction or drama), but only loosely into�arrative, characterizing, descriptive, emo-Ional, and philosophical poems. That such�ategories are vague is evidenced by call­�ng '.'Corinna's Going A-Maying" a "philo­ophlcal poem."�ntil somebody compiles, a critically��Iented anthology, the best is the one.at prints the greatest" number of textsWIth the smallest amount of pedantic im­Phdimenta. Any teacher worth his salt�oUI� J;le able to give the student theeans f(jr analysis. EriIest. S. Cohn;English Departmentr ci!eUel'dCrisp and indispensable0/ have in the past disagreed with somea Chancellor Hutchins' views on politicsi:�d philosophy, but as a defender of genu­ace edlfcation and a� a spokesman for'1 ademlc freedom he IS superb and peer­a�r He will scarcely realize how indispens­a e and. sorel y needed, his forthrigh t, crisp�d lUCId speeches' arid articles are foro any Chicago al umni now teaching allEver the country. "What It Means to bet ducated" in your November issue oughtfO be required reading for every incomingreshman in every American college.Gratefully yours,Henry H. H. Remak, PhD '47�ep.artment of' German,ndzana University:Prison divisionC �ne of my assignments as Southern);' ahfornia director of the Great Bookso.lIndation is leading a group oftlsoners at the California Institution foras en at Chino. They were sharply dividede to whether Socrates should havescaped.th Think you're doing a splendid job withi e Magazine. Every issue is packed withl1'terest.LYnWood, California Bud Ogren, '39ConfusionIu I. should like to clear up a minor con­NSlon in the Class News [1917] of theoVember issue.til [We said: The daughter of Elsa Free­S an Helfrich (Mrs. Edward Muling) oflJa� Francisco graduated from Carletoni. l1lVersity Cum Laude, with distinctionS� English and a Fellowship for AdvancedlIdy at Smith.]d I am Elsa Freeman Helfrich and myf aUghter did graduate Magna Cum Laude);,rom Carleton but I do not live in Sanl·rancisco. For over 29 years we haveIVed in Wheaton.la Mrs. Edward Muling is my sister-in­shW' the former Esther Jane Helfrich, ande does live in San Francisco.Elsa F. Helfrich, '17Wheaton, IllinoisDECEMBER 1950, Volume 43 December, 1950 Number 3PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONManaging EditorHOWARD W. MORT Editor-in-chiefLAURA BERGQUIST Associate EditorANN COLLARContributing EditorsJeannette Lowery Robed M. StrozierStaff Photographer-Steve LewellynMEMO PAD '.' '.BOOKSLETTERS :': .PARENTS' WEEKEND, [roniispiece ....RECOVERING MAN'S STORY AT NIP!,:,uR,�iDonald .McCown. .. ... 5NOTES FROM T. S. ELIOT 10FROM POTSDAM TO BONN, Alonzo Grace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 12FAMILY JOURNALISM � : 15GUIDE TO FOREIGN POLICY, J eannette Lowery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 16POLLS AND POLITICS, Robert M. Strozier ; . . . . . . .. 17DECEMBER EVENTS 22CLASS NEWS 23COVER: A distinguished visitor, T. S. Eliot, takes timeout from a crowded. lecture-and-conference schedule tosit Ior . a,.,s�ries of exceptionally fine portraits by thestaff"photographer. Scene: his,Jemporary office in theSodal·'·Science:building. ,Fat e)tcerpts fr0rn. - his speechesand more photographic glimpses, see 'pages :.JO .. and II.For complete texts of his speeches on "The Aims' of Edu­cation," see the next four issues of "Measure" Magazine.(Photographs on pages 5, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17,by staff photographer')Published monthly, October through June, by The University of Chicago Alumni Associa­tion, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 3'7, Illinois. Annual subscription price, $3.00. Singlecopies, 35 cents. Student price at University of Chicago Bookstore, 25 cents. Entered as sec­ond class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois under the act ofMarch 3, 1879. Advertising agent, The American' Al umn i Council, B. A. Ross, director, 22Washington Square, New York, N. Y. 343PARENTS' WEEKENDThis three-day annual event has become something of a traditiotilat the University of Chicago. Two-hundred sets of parents COlldverged on the campus this fall to. find out what their sons all.daughters were learning in College. They dined with Dean �.Champion Ward and heard him explain "Some Changes in C�l'lege Education," were guests at an informal open house held IIIthe residence halls, saw a brand new movie just issued by Ency­clopedia Britannica Films of an actual discussion class, of CQursetoured the cyclotron and Goldblatt Hospital, and then had private·talks with the· faculty advisers of their children. The sightseeingtrio. here includes 16-year old Sondra Raines of Chicago. and betparents, Army Lt. and Mrs. Robert Raines.in Chicago: author McCown measures and catalogues some "finds" of the past season in his workshop.RECOVERING M'AN'S STORY AT NIPPURBy Donald McCownJlJST TWO YEARS ago I was on, my wa.y to excavate for the firstta:11e in the flat deserts of Iraq.I Was headed for an ancient city�f ,great importance called Nippur,CIty of God." It" was deserted 500�ears before Columbus discoveredh merica. Its career as a great city,ad begun well before men were slav­�g to raise the massive pyramids ofb gypt, when our own ancestors� wereN�rbarians in the forests of Europe.IPpur is far distant from us not�nly in time but in space too-somet ,500 airline miles from Chicago. Itthkes three to four weeks to travelthere by ship to the eastern end ofe Mediterranean and then by busalfld car on to Baghdad and Nippur.'the charm of archeologytioA.long voyage allows time for reflec-11, and I found myself wondering�hy I was engaged in digging at all.fhe life that archeology brings is,o course, exciting, It takes you to faraWay, strange places. It is not alwaysC°tnfortable. But there is the perpet-ualf" f . ,ascmatron 0 recovenng man sStory, how he lived and thought,Whether he was like us or different, abECEMBER 1950, story which has appeal for us all, asour background and heritage.Yet to me, the primary. reason weexcavate is not merely to recover, butto understand the story of man's cul­tural and particularly social evolution.. Once civilization commenced_ andslowly developed-a stage found sorevealingly at Nippur-I see a marked the past which worry us now.An old, old problemFor example, we are all affectedby present political philosophies whosemajor interest is to bring economicsecurity to all. Security from cradleto the grave, social security, old agepensions-all these are steps taken to"Once this was a pulsing center of life, surrounded bygreen fields and forests of palms. We had come to recoverthat life from the desert where now only foxes skulked."correspondence between cultural andsocial change and our own passageinto adolescence and our' uncertainsteps forward into adulthood. Thegrowth of civilization reveals the un­sure path to rna turi ty-a road with­out signposts, steps often taken in thewrong direction, often having to beretraced. Here are the first steps alongthe path on which we are still set, fur­bling toward the same, often un­realized goal.This greater significance is especial­ly apparent when problems existed in give men adequate shelter and enoughfood each day, to ensure him the basicphysical security necessary to decentlife. Most peoples. of the world arestill hungry. They have never beensure of their next meal.· We Ameri­cans are better fed than any otherpeople. We have hada greater prom­ise of security than we have everknown in the past. Yet we, too, dohot feel. safe. The hunger and despairof the depression is not forgotten. Itis still so vivid that social securityand the promise of pensions do not5exorcise our fears of future want.No wonder man everywhere cries forfreedom from want above all else.Yet other men are equally positivethat this is not all man desires fromlife. Those with a more sure liveli­hood affirm that man must be indi­vidual, wants to exercise initiative, re­quires freedom within the rules im,posed. by government as the formalregulating mechanism of society.When: governments regulate men'slives' to give them more economicsecurity at the expense of an indefinite­ly greater loss of personal freedom,are they not ignoring an equally basicneed for freedom in man?Whatever your own answer to thisquestion is, for most of us it is basedsolely on our own immediate experi­ence, with human nature in our ownlifetime. This is too short and limiteda perspective to decide such a ques­tion, one so fundamental that few willbe selfcentered enough to desire onlya short term solution, an answer sat­isfactory only to themselves in theirown generation. Indeed the study ofman tells us that there is only onepossibility for finding a sure' answer,an answer as certain as that purescience gives us about the atom, themakeup of the physical world around us. This will come from knowing how-in other cultures, in the past aswell as now-man has always reactedto the conflict between his desire forsecurity, which rules and authoritybring, and his need for freedom andinitiative.Admittedly, spciologists, psycholo­gists, and psychiatrists are gaining aconscious understanding of ourselvesand our fellow men that ancient menlacked completely. But this rapidlygrowing, analytical understanding, wemust realize, is only valid for our­selves as 20th century men of westerncivilization. It may seem correc,t forus at the moment, in our own peculiarcivilization, but will it be 'true in 100·years, or in a different, alien civiliza­tion? Was it true for men of thepast as well?The ancient civilization of theSumerians and Babylonians in the re­gion south of modern Baghdad lastedover 3000 years. By understandingthese men of alien civilization overthis vast range of time, by under­standing the events �hich took placeand what they meant to the men in­volved, we can test and check ournewly gained and still narrow knowl­edge of' mankind's basic -emotionaland intellectual constitution. NoThe desolate, sandswept mounds of Nippur, where ancient cities lie entombed withinthemselves. You are looking toward the Scribal· Quarter, one of the two main diggingsites.6 AUTHOR McCOWNLast month, Director CarlKraeling of Oriental Institutemade some cogent remarksabout why studying the past wasimportant. Now Mr. Mctloum,field director of the Chicago­Pennsylvania expedition to Nip­PUTJ tells how the raw materials0/ man's past are gathered inthe field.He has excavated in many farcorners of the globe-'--:in Jerichoand [ordan, Palestine; in Per­sepolis, Egypt ; in India) on aGuggenheim fellowship; and inIran, lending credence to theremark of a local academicianthat "the life of an archeologistsums to be one o] the few ad­venturous and romantic profes­sions left in a prosaic ioorld:"He is now working on a bookabout Nip-pur, aimed at a gen­eral audience. It will not onlyreport the technical findings ofthe expedition, but interpretthem as well. T hat the publiccan be induced to read booksabout ancient history, if the storyis well told and interpreted, isevidenced by «The IntellectualAdventures of Ancient Man;" avolume of papers by Institutestaff members) originally pub­lished liy the U of C press. M ar­keted as a Penguin pocketbookin England, and retitled «BeforePhiloso phv," it has sold manythousands of copies.longer will it be necessary to dependon faith only-which wavers withmany especially when proofs seem ob­tainable-for the precious knowledgeof ourselves as part of all mankind.Then the story of the Sumerians anoBabylonians will have as much per­sonal meaning to us as what we learnfrom observing our friends and asSO­ciates, from trying to understand our"selves.Travels in. SumerI must confess that such philo­sophic thoughts were far from mindwhen I first reached Nippur in thefall of 1948. A four hour drive south­east of Baghdad, over a hundred mileSof rough road, had bumped all butthe practical considerations of findingan expedition house from my thoughts.I was going south into the heart ofSumer and Babylonia, the land of theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINPS Y R I A.>:•.......•.....•.. /' ... /.............• Dam ClSCUSORIENTAL INSTI'TUTE.EXCAVATIONSIN IRAQ.,....................................... SIN C E 19 4. 8 -,&:::===============::!I 1... .. ". • Kerman shah• Hamada"•I�AN.........1'wo active digging sites, of the Oriental Institute: Nippur, and Jarmo, in the Kurdish mountains, where Dr. Robert Braidwood isseeking to establish the circumstances under which man stopped roaming and settled down to cultivation. Jarmo is the oldestknown settlement where man farmed.SUl'h' h 'I'· ·1'"lenans w ere man s ear lest CIVII-Z •ahon had arisen five to 6000 years�go. Not far from Baghdad, I passedalhed Babylon, the ancient capitalwhich ga ve its name to the sameregion once it came to power in the18th century B. C.What a pity the great ancient civili-z .�hons had to pick such· desolate re-gIons in which to grow and run their:ourses. Everywhere there was noth­�ng but flat, yellowish landscape, un-roken except for equally drab, greenhallhS or unattractive y�llow-'Yalledouses-an oppressive environment.. SUddenly, some miles before reach­�ng the village of Afak, our futureOlhe, the desert barrenness was for­gOtten, as low hills arose on the hori­zon to the north. They could not benatural form·ations· in this alluvialPlain. It must be Nippur. From Afakto Nippuf was another five mile ride?\Ter innumerable bridges, each cover­;ng a canal, the arteries of life in thisand of irrigation and little' rain. Sud­denly these low hills again and thenth .. fN: Impact of the tremendous CIty 0IPpur, overwhelming in size, a me­tropolis covering 180 acres, one of�he three or four biggest ruins inUlher and Babylonia.My reaction was that of its formere)(cavators. Layard, famous for hisWOrk in Assyria, had been overcomebECEMBER, 1930 by it almost 100 years ago (and hadconcluded that nothing importantwould ever be found). Thirty-eightyears later, in 1889, the staff of theUniversity of Pennsylvania Expedi­tion, was forcibly struck by the mag­nitude of the task they had under­taken.No land-bound photograph ade­quately registers the extent and heightof the mounds of Nippur, in 'whichancient cities lie entombed in them­selves. To visualize the scene youmust try to imagine a gmup of lowridges plucked from the' foot of themountains and dropped in;, the flatdesert. The hills have been built upas one city arose in the course ofthousands of years;. the 'valleys be­tween are the beds of old rivers andcanals.Several lifetimes of work could bespent here. As is so often true, astrong north wind was blowing as wewalked uponto the mounds 50 feet ormore high, whirling sand and the dirtof the ruins into our faces. Sanddunes' <, were everywhere, cascadingdown from the north in a huge fieldand spilling over the ancient mounds.Momentarily I regretted the fatewhich' had taken me from excava­tions in Iran, with its mountains andmajestic vistas, to this desolate waste­land. Yet this had once been a pulsing center of life surrounded bygreen fields and forests of palms. Wehad come to recover that life fromthe desert where now· only foxesskulked.Actual digging lay some time ahead.Before leaving Baghdad we had re­ceived a permit to excavate from thegovernment of Iraq, for all expedi­tions are wisely regulated by law toprotect the interests of science andIraq. The Directorate General ofAntiquities, which controls our activi­ties so far as this is required by law,had facilitated our preparations inevery way. The understanding of ourtask, by Director :General Dr. Najial-Asil, likewise made collaboration apleasure. I especially remember SeyyidMohammed Ali Mustafa, whose sur­veying' and intimate knowledge ofMesopotanian archeology were ofgreat value; and Seyid Fuad Safar,archeologist, who was with us duringthe first month of work.Daily Life in AfakWe settled in the village of Afak.I t would, of course, be more con­venient and efficient to live in a houseat Nippur proper, if the budget everpermits, to avoid the jolts on the 20minute ride back and forth, which wecan absorb much better than fragile7antiquities. Then, however, we willmiss the kindness and hospi tali ty ofthe mayor and other government offi­cials, the friendly curiosity of the vil­lage folk, and the scenes of daily lifein the village, the canal flowing pastour door with white geese idling on itssurface and groups of black-gownedservant-women gossiping at its edgeas they scour gleaming vessels ofbronze.Our skilled Shergatta pickmen hadto be settled in their camp at Nippur.They are fine, intelligent men whohave spent their lives on excavations.They come from a village devoted tothis profession for more than 50 years,since' German archeologists began dig-,ging an Assyrian capital close to theseworkmen's homes. One-hundred andfifty to 200 shovelmen and dirt car­riers -had to be recruited locally beforewe were ready to start.But where to begin? Sixty yearsbefore, Pennsylvania had begun thefirst American excavations on this site,in what was then- Turkey. For tenyears they dug, collecting a mass ofobjects and ancient records. Yet muchthat their work might have told ushad been lost in this hunt for antiqui­ties.· They had only touched smallareas in the wide-spread ruins, but they had left a mess of trenches andmounds riddled by tunnels, withoutadequate record of what had oncebeen there.The Oriental Institute and theMuseum of the University of Penn­sylvania, both with much experiencein the archeology of Iraq, had goodreason to choose this site from themany untouched in the country, andto combine forces in a joint expedi­tion to excavate it anew.F or thousands of years, Nippur wasa cultural and religious center forSumer and Babylonia. It seems neverto have been the seat of politicalpower, yet it came closer to being anational center than other ancientcities. This was largely because itwas a religious capital, comparable toecclesiastic Rome. Here was the homeof Enlil, a god second in rank amongthe gods of Sumer, but first as anactive force affecting men's lives. Heit was who symbolized legitimatepower, who pronounced which rulershould be king of Sumer. He it waswho came closer to being a' nationalgod than any other in the variedSumerian pantheon.The scribes connected with Enlil'ssanctuary also made it a culturalcenter, a seat of learning and lit-After many weeks of excavation, by a hundred expert workmen, the great temple ofEnlil begins to take shape. The walls alone are 10 feet thick, and five temples have thusfar been found, one buried atop the other.8 erature. From their writings, schol��have already discovered more of t�1spiritual attitudes of man in his eartsteps toward maturity than from aother ruin in Iraq.Choosing sites for diggingIn these desolate, sandsweptacres, we had two clues about whefto dig. 1. The Temple of Enlil hai'been located 50 years before. 2: Wjknew where th� most significant tabjlets of the scnbes had been found,On these two sites, therefore, we ha"j¢worked for the past two winters.Enlil's temple was supposed to liin the inner court of the holy are'alongside a great ziggurat, or templetower, on whose top was the chief teJ1l)ple to the god. The site was coveredllby sand. Old trenches cut deeplyinto the building, leaving toweringwalls rising high above, walls dating,later than 200 B.C., when the sacredcharacter of this spot was forgotten,and the ziggurat and environs wereburied below an impregnable citadel.Only after weeks of work, were theselater encumbrances removed. Trueexcavation could finally begin on thetemple; but everything was still un'clear. The area seemed almost solid;ly filled with brick. Gradually, wallswere distinguished, and no wonderwe had been puzzled! F or they werehuge, more than 10 feet thick. Withitlthe limits of the temple, the wallsactually took up more space thanthe rooms.One temple after another was un­covered, one built upon another bysucceeding rulers on exactly the sameplan, the last alone varying some'what when Enlil was a very ancientgod and reverence and respect forhim was beginning to decline. Onetemple, some 3500 years old, waSparticularly well preserved, with of,fering tables and other' ritual structures before the altars in their orig­inal condition, with gifts dedicatedby kings, and some of the templeservice. In earlier temples, buriedbelow, there were fragments of statueSand other objects, enough to tantalizeus and make us regret that kings hadremoved everything of importanceeach time the temple was rebuilt.We found five temples, the firstconstructed about 2200 B.C., thelast 1600 years later. They were in­deed monumental structures, some­thing to make the kings who hadTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETablets, newly unearthed, record the business transactions ofancient Sumeria, and indicate that the 20th century B.C .. wasa time of slackening government controls.bUilt them proud and hopeful thatEnlil would be· pleased, would reward�heir rules with security and prosper­Ity. But they had a significance great­er than this.IJ7 ashington and NippurOur capital, Washington, is no ordi­nary city because it is the home ofOUr president and our national gov­ernment. Here history is made for­the whole country. Here decisions aretaken and orders given which affecteVeryone of us. In the same senseNippur was no usual city. Around itrevolved the history of the land inwhich it lay. Here Enlil decided thefates of kings and peoples, gave com­mands which affected every man inthe country whose divine head he was.The White House, again, is thehorne of our president, and its sizeand architecture are commensuratewith the importance of the democratic?ead of our great country. Furnish­Ings and gifts sent there reflect farmore the American's respect towardthe position of the presidency, thanhis like for Hoover or Truman. Justso, the massive and awe-inspiringtelUple of Enlil shows the feelings ofancient man toward the god whoCommanded them.Were any president to propose anentirely new White House, thereWould be an outcry against destroyingan historic treasure. Enlil's templeDECEMBER, 1950 Schoolboys once studied here. Alice Haines, seven-year-olddaughter of Carl Haines, field architect, points out the tabletswhich tell the story of classwork some 3000 years ago.also remained unchanged, but for fardeeper motives. A god's -house, likeany other required repair and eventualrebuilding. Yet no mortal, not evenking of the land, dared rebuild thatof Enlil on his own whim. Thispowerful god must give the com­mand, and signify that the planspleased him, else he would bringpoverty and misfortune to the wholeland.New and different temples werebuilt for other gods, the city gods,for example; man felt he could "geta wa y with it," risky as this mightbe. His own personal gods were closer,possibly more compassionate, too in­terested in the welfare of his own cityto be excessively severe. Only theHouse of Enlil retained its originalplan, becoming ever more unusual bycontrast to the new styles of templearchitecture. Enlil's character as anational god alone supplies the ex­planation.I t was by far safest to do nothingto anger any god. Yet we find thatpractice varied from this ideal whenthe risk was not too great. In thepast as now, man did not practicewhat he knew to be safe and good.To know why man, then as now,failed to live up to his ideals �illsolve this age-long riddle, will tellus why we perpetually accept and setfor ourselves ideals by which so fewof us actually live. Man's oldest literatureBut what would we learn in thetriangular mound lying south of thesacred area? From there had comethe tablets telling most of what weknow of the spiritual attitude of an­cient man in Sumer and Babylonia.Here in an area less than a quarterof a city block, we dug at one pointfrom the undisturbed top of a hill.(Elsewhere, we put the former ex­cavations to use and penetrated intomuch lower levels from the bottomof a trench, dug by the former expe­dition.) What was this mound, calledTablet Hill? A library as our prede­cessors had guessed? Would we haveto dig down ten, 20, 30 feet to reachthe early level where we knew im­portant tablets had been found? Hap­pily, our questions were soon answered.Here the scribes had lived for atleast 1500 years, here were theirhouses, their residential quarters. Sowe renamed it the Scribal Quarter.On this spot the oldest recordedliterature in the world was writtendown in cuneiform writing on claytablets. It was already ancient, over3800 years ago, ·when copied by thescribes to preserve it for their poster­ity. For many generations before,these poetic compositions had beentransmitted from one generation ofstory-teller or priest to another.The literature is not remarkable for(Continued on page 20)9On Becoming a Poet• Perhaps I can give this discussion[of the three aims of education] moreappearance of reality, or at least 'pro­vide light relief in the way of some­thing more apprehensible, by asking"what sort of education should a poethave?" I don't think any parents haveever brought up a child with a viewto his becoming a poet; some parentshave brought up their children to becriminals; but for good and lovingparents a poet is almost the last thingthey could want their child to be,unless they . thought it was the onlyway to save him from becoming acriminal.I suppose that poets, during theirtender years, usually show an interestin language and expression, and givesome indication of a bent for the studyof languages rather than science. Thisis not always true: I have knownmen who in childhood seemed to theirparents to give promise of becomingHumphrey Davys or Clerk Maxwells,and suddenly shifted their interest toliterature at 15 or 16. Certainly, thefact that a child writes verses is noindication whatever of future apti­tude. Nearly everybody has writtenverses: a wise parent should not dis­courage the. habit; but should attachno significance to it.Bu t if the young poet is of theusual kind, he will probably excel inhis languages, particularly his own;and is likely to be of the type whichflourishes on Latin and Greek. Cer-10 tainly, the poet in later life ought tobe equipped with a good knowledge ofLatin and Greek literature, make him­self fluent in one modern languagebesides his own, and have a readingknowledge of several others. How fewof us, however, satisfy that : qualifica­tion: I certainly do not. But whatelse should he study, from the pointat which it is evident at least that aliterary education is the most suitablefor him? In the first place? he usuallyhas to make his living, and poetry isconspicuously the occupation by whichno one can expect to make a living.For most men, there is the conflict be­tween the claims of the occupation because without other intellectual iJ1'terests his experience of men aIle'women, his understanding of humaPemotions even, will be very narrow,The condition is that everythitrgshould be grist that comes to his mill;:that he should have a lively curiosit1.in what men have thought and done,and be interested in these things foftheir own 'sake. He is perpetualt¥engaged in solving the problem thj;l:tevery man must solve for himself, thaJtof relating every human activity to'his own; and he cannot tell ho�much.. or what, of the subjects he irvvestigates will be directly useful to Ihim as a poet. But his poetry williINOTES • • • from T.S. Eliotwhich they make their chief concernin life, and the claims of the latentpowers and faculties..But the' poet has a threefold prob­lem to solve; he must earn a living,he must practice and perfect himselfin writing, and he must cultivate otherinterests as well. He must do thelast, not merely in order to exerciselatent. powers, not in order to be­come a cultivated man; but becausehe must have other interests in orderto have something to write about.Almost no form of knowledge comesamiss, besides of course the knowledgeof as much of the best poetry in sev­eral languages as he can assimilate, inevitably be affected by what beknows, and the more he can assimilatethe better.And finally, he has the problem offinding a livelihood; he has sometimeSto choose between a dull routinewhich provides little or no food fofhis mind, or an active and interestiogone which leaves him very little tirO� Iand energy. For some, this livelihoodcan be in various forms of journall"tic or para-literary occupation; iJ1teaching and lecturing: I even kno""a poet who writes very good detectivestories. For others, something as re"­mote as possible from their literaryinterests is desirable; something whichTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUses none of the kind of energy that�?es into poetry, and which brings1m. in contact with worlds far re­�O\Ted from those of literary and ar­tistic circles. One cannot generalize�b?ut how a poet should earn his1Vlng in this or in any conceivable'Society. But the worst thing for him,Perhaps, from every point of view,!WOuld be to do nothing and care aboutl1othing, except writing poetry.On Democracy'. Democracy is the best form ofSo •l' Clety: on that we are all agreed ...he chief point on which we do not�gree is, as I have said before, whatIS, a democracy. Most of us agreethat democracy is one of the parlia­lllentary sort: that is, there are twoParties, one in, one out, and neitherParty must be too long in or too longout. The government of our nation is,of course, more democratic when thePa�ty to which we adhere is in, than�hen' the �ther party is in ... ThedUnction of the good citizen in ab etnocracy is not merely to rule andI,e ruled in turn, all for the goodIfe of the whole; it is surely of thees ., sence of democracy that those whofule in one respect are ruled in an­,Other; that every man is both ruleral1d ruled, To be wholly ruler, to be�holly ruled, is to lose humanity; and,�ll fact, the humblest worker needso keep his own offspring in order,,�hiIe the most powerful despot maybe dominated, if by no other powers,1 wife, or mistress, or friends.he essential of a democracy isbECEMBER, 1950 that there is no total rule: for totalrule means that somebody is in controlof affairs about some of which he is,totally incompetent. In a democracy,scientists and scholars and artists mayrule in their own spheres; it is nota democracy when a symphony can bedeviationist, or a melancholy poemabout an unhappy love affair, defeatistand decadent, or a biological theoryanti-Marxist.The New Illiteracy•... Now we are at the stage atwhich we are not only simply tryingto educate more people-we are al­.ready committed to providing every­body with something, called educa­tion., Weare coming to the end ofour, ,educational frontier. Long ago,we 9rfided that everybody must betaught','to read, write and cipher, wedid n�r need to look too closely intothe qu��ti��"iof what education meant.Every stag1y:;?f development of oursociety presents us not only with new,but with more diffiC'ltlt problems, aswell as with the same problems inmore difficult forms: for we havenow to cope" with a new illiteracy,and a much more difficult illiteracyto overcome-namely, the illiteracy ofthat part of the population whichhas had ,its elementary, schooling buthas become illiterate through lack ofoccasion to use what it has beentaught. This secondary illiteracy i;a new phenomenon. It is aggravatedby the effect of radio and cinema,and by the replacement, in popularperiodicals, of words by pictures. I am convinced that readers inEngland-readers of anything-canbe classified according to the size oftype to which they can give attention.One can say that the educated manis one who can read the report of theParliamentary Debates from beginningto end, skipping intelligently, ofcourse. There is a larger number whocan read a few paragraphs, if thetype is, large enough. There is anincreasing proportion of the popula­tion which can read only headlines.The Past• It should be an aim of educationto maintain the continuity of our cul­ture-and neither continuity, nor arespect for the past, implies standingstill. More than ever, we should lookto education today to preserve us fromthe error of pure contemporaneity. We.Took to institutions of education to'maintain a knowledge and under­standing of the past. And the pasthas to be re-interpreted for each gen­eration, for each generation bringsits own prejudices and fresh misun­derstandings. All this may be com­prehended in the term history; buthistory includes the study, not onlyof the great dead' languages, but ofthe past of modern languages, in­cluding our own. Particularly, indeed,our own, for we need to understandthe way in which our words havebeen used in the past, how they havedeveloped and altered their meanings,in order to understand how we areusing them ourselves.11At Potsdam, the victors agreed that Nazi and militaristirdoctrine would be forever eliminated; at Bonn therewas silence about both education and democraclFROM POTSDAM TO BONNBy Alonzo G. GraceFROM POTSDAM to Bonn isnot an extensive trip as the crowflies. Ideologically, however, each isin a different world.At Potsdam the victors agreed toso control the vanquished that Naziand militaristic doctrine would beforever eliminated, thus making pos­sible the successful development ofdemocratic ideals. At Bonn, less thanfive years later, the West GermanRepublic was born and an occupa­tion statute silent on matters of edu­cational control or the developmentof democratic ideals was adopted.Control-Russian styleYou may be certain that educationin the Russian zone of occupationconforms to the Potsdam agreementin one respect, namely, control, butcontrol in this case is designed to pro­duce the Communist human being.The use of education for political pur­poses is entirely familiar to the Ger­mans, for the production of theNational socialist human being wasthe goal of all education during the.Hitler era.West Germany now remains di­vided into three zones of occupation,and democracy in the West is repre­sented largely by the occupying coun­tries.I t is entirely possible to win a mili­tary victory and to secure the uncon­ditional surrender of a people. Butthat is far from winning a war, espe­cially when the war involves ideolo­gies. Marxism is regarded by its advo­cates as the sole basis for scientific andartistic creation. Anything that aids intne'struggle to overthrow capitalism12 and to establish a classless society is re­garded as truth. The distortion oftruth w h i c h characterizes Sovietscholarship at the present time is atypical instrument employed by alltotalitarian systems.Still adolescentThat the United States has comeof age materially has been evident tous for some time. Perhaps we are tooconfident of our superiority; too con­fident and too arrogant. Almost over­night this country was placed in anunsolicited position of world leader­ship.Intellectually, spiritually, and cul­turally, however, we hold no suchposition. We remain in the earlystages of adolescence-unprepared,inexperienced, and in many respects,naive concerning our effort. Perrna-Dr. Grace nent world peace never will be pos­sible without an unrelenting effort inthese areas. We must come of agein the areas that affect the minds andsouls of men as well as in those th,3Jaffect the physical requirements fof. living. Unfortunately, many in theworld base their judgment of thecharacter of the American people andour culture -on third-rate motion piC­tures, on the antics of some of oufuninhibited and irrepressible tourist­and on the absence of any substar"tial effort to contribute to the area ofcultural co-operation in Europe ofelsewhere.The struggle of ideologies whichcircumscribes the future of mankind,is not basically in the realm of ecO­nomics or politics. These are symp­toms of the real struggle. This funda:mentally is a conflict between mate­rialism and moral-spiritual values. Itis a conflict between those who, un­wittingly or with intent, would alloWpersistent and unobstructed evil to de­stroy the souls of men and those whOwould create a world of God-inspiredhumans.A moral reruussanceSo long as the forces for good re­main dispersed, the greater the op­portunity for the triumph of evil.These are days when men of faith illall faiths must influence those of littlefaith to align themselves with a world­wide moral renaissance, for the totali­tarian formula, wherever it exists, in­cludes the willful destruction of theforces of moral responsibility andspiri tual enligh tenmen t.I hope we today have. no illusioosTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE�oncerning the nature of the struggleI? which we are engaged. We whohved in Berlin before and during theblockade had a daily opportunity toexperience first hand the irritatingPOlicy and clever technique of theSoviets. So did the Berliners, fivethousand of whom disappeared fromstreets and homes last year. Somewere sent to ideological trammgcenters, others to concentration or�ork camps in the East, and othersSImply disappeared.Soviet interference with the intel­�ectual life of. faculty and studentsIn the Humboldt University-the oldUniversity of Berlin-caused the Ger­lllans to organize the so-called "Free"University. This is a thrilling storyof the fight for the freedom to teachand to learn. The Manifesto issued?y the German Forming CommitteeIn 1948 sets forth the position of sev­eral thousand moral supporters of.the plan as follows:The people in Berlin have shown intheir determined stand against a brutaltactic that they are not disposed a secondtime to submit to a totalitarian yoke, andto surrender their freedom. In the bitterStruggle for their liberties .it is of the ut­tnost importance that the integrity andindependence of their seats of learningbe kept free of those baleful influences\vhich seek to limit the search for truth-The task is the founding of a truly freellniversity dedicated to the pursuit of truthfOr truth's sake. Here' every student shallhaVe the right to grow in the spirit ofdemocratic inquiry unhampered by the re­qUirements of a narrowing propaganda.llere every teacher shall have the rightto Work in a freedom from fear, and fromthe dictates of a single party's authoritar­ian doctrine. The will of self determina­�ion which our city has displayed in meet­Ing the challenge of the blockade imposeduPon us shall make this university theSPiritual center of a free Berlin and aSOUrce of strength in the intellectual restor­ation of Germany.The distortion of truth about theUnited States in particular and the:ountries embracing the democraticIdeal in general is not understood by� significant percent of the popula­tIon, here or abroad. Typical of thiskind of distorted scholarship is thePUblication of materials about Ameri­can education. For example, an articlerelative to teachers' salaries writtenby an American states that "Flint,Michigan is a prosperous, 'progressiveDECEMBER 1950, American community. ret it starts itsschool teachers at $400 a year lessthan it starts its garbage collectors."The Soviet scholar has eliminated thename of this city, the verb "starts"and inserts a dash between yearlyand less, with this result: "Michiganis a wealthy state, but it pays itsteachers $400 yearly-less than thewages of a garbage collector."Fighting ideas with ideasI would not leave the impressionhere that through some unusualformula or strange magic the peopleand society that supported Hitlerovernight have become wedded to the'democratic ideal. Sixty-day tours ofthe United States will not producemissionaries for democracy. It takestime to rid a society of totalitarian­ism. The democratic ideal will nottake root if the seeds are not planted.We must begin to fight ideas withideas. We need a program of ,demo­cracy in action-not more public ad­dresses, forums, or discussion groupson the subject.THE AUTHORSo much favorable commentattended the Convocation ad­dress of Dr. Grace (Chairman,Department of Education), weherewith reprint it for a largeraudience. (You may rememberthat in our March issue, he de­scribed his experiences as direc­tor of Educational and CulturalRelations for the American Mili­tary Government in Germany.)He has long enjoyed a distin­guished reputation in the educa-. tional field: as Commissioner ofEducation for the state of Con­necticut, from '38 to '48, he paidspecial heed to "improving andstrengthening local initiative andresponsibility," -a principle helater applied to his work in Ger­many. He has been chairman ofCleveland's A d u l t Educationprogram, and confesses to havingbeen granted a diploma from theAmerican Musician's School inChaumont, France, though hegot his MA in Anthropologyfromthe University of Minnesota.Governor Dewey has just recentlyappointed him chairm�n' of afour-man committee which willsurvey the need for increases inteacher's salaries, in the state ofNew York. Over a year ago at a conferenceat Chiemsee arranged to bring Euro­pean, American, and German educa­tional leadership into communicationonce more, I said that:Billions upon billions of the world's ma­terial resources were expended to fight thelast war. We are now spending other bil­lions to secure economic recovery and ma­terial reconstruction. Through the MarshallPlan, nations once again are emerging fromthe effects of economic collapse. An Atlan­tic Pact, designed to consolidate the forcesfor peace, has been signed by many butnowhere is there any sign of a great world­wide effort to raise the educational levelof men or to develop men of good charac­ter and moral responsibility. If the world.can afford to spend billions on war andother billions on recovery from the effects,of war, we shall have left the principalproblem unsolved without an unrelentingattack on the moral, spiritual, and intellec­tual life of men in all nations. There mustbe a change in the hearts of men if thereis to be durable peace. I ask, therefore,for an international "Marshall Plan" foreducation.That recommendation has been re­stated by others, several times. Themost hopeful sign of progress is therecent senate resolution on the sub­ject by Mr. William Benton, the sen­ator from Connecticut.The term "Marshall Plan" must beused with caution. I used it only asa symbol. The first principle that wemust learn is not to violate the inde­pendence of the educational and cul­tural systems of others. We must learntoo that democracy, American brand,or education, the American way, mustnot be a requirement for our financialaid. Cultural cooperation, not com­petition or penetration, is the need.Some useful weaponsThe countries embracing the demo­cratic ideal need a basic program ofaction. In. fact, such a developmentmust occur if we would compete inthe ideological conflict. To identifythe elements in such a program onthis occasion is quite impossible. Buthere are examples:1. The unification of the intellectualand cul tural effort of the three occupyingpowers of West Germany and the aban- __donment of the present unrealistic divisionof the west into three parts.2. Provision for equal access to educa­tional opportunity for all classes.3. Development of an institute for theadvancement of international education13and cultural relations. Such an institutecould provide for exchange of researchfindings about education, co-operativestudies, similar to the UNESCO study ofthe Philippines, an extensive program ofexchange of persons, and .so on.4. Initiation of a widespread programof work-education especially in Germany.Such a self-help program will removethousands of wandering youth from thehighways, provide new goals for the dis­illusioned and frustrated who presentlyare neither democratically nor communis­tically inclined-but who, in my judgment,ultimately will take the best offer.5. Develop a "Voice of UNESCO" orprovide a medium for the world-widebroadcast about the life in the democraticcountries.I would use ten percent of thefinancial aid for economic reconstruc­tion and an equivalent amount allo­cated for military aid to pay for sucha program.I wish I might describe in detailthe American venture in occupation..Lessons resulting from that experi­ence have an important bearing onour world leadership, whether it bein an occupied country, or in co-oper­ation with others who are dedicatedto humanity, law and order, socialjustice, and world peace. As. I haveindicated, our rise to a position ofworld leadership carries with it re­sponsibilities in the intellectual, spirit­ual, and cultural areas of life andthat responsibility in part begins inthe halls of our universities and inthe class rooms of the American edu­cational system.Self improvementRegardless of our criticism of theAmerican educational system, our im­patience with the slowness of re­quired reforms, or our capacity toidentify problems and to recommendsolutions, it is wise for us to recallfrom time to time two importantconcepts.' First, we are engaged in thegreatest experiment in mass educa­tion ever to be undertaken by anynation, and, second, the authority for'improving the system rests with us.The employment of democraticmethods to accomplish an ideal re­quires time and the capacity to re­move the obstructions. We must learnthat schooling does not necessarilyguarantee education; that the acquisi­tion of knowledge does not indicatethe possession of wisdom; that instruc­tion is not a synonym for learning;and that schooling, instruction, andknowledge without moral responsi­bility, spiritual enlightenment, and in-14 tellectual integrity is not education.In preparing for our educational rolein world affairs it is important thatwe not only engage in the scientificstudy of education but also that weremove the obstruction to independ­en t thinking.The claim frequently is made thatneither Socrates nor Plato was thebeneficiary of instruction in the artof teaching. It is wise to remember,however, that our halls of listeningmay be presided over in some casesby the Don Quixotes, and the RipVan Winkles of the twentieth cen­tury. Inspiring university classroomleadership is not guaranteed merelyby reason of subject-matter mastery.The builder of independent and con­structive thinking m u s t not becharged with destroying standards be­cal!se he may provide the vehicle forthe accomplishment of the goal.Educational bookeepingOur American educational bookeep­ing system records the arduous hours,the credits, and the months in resi­dence-the -Tesult being an equationin which education becomes the un­known factor. We must learn how tomeasure education as well as school­ing. Useless hurdles must be aban­doned. For every doctorate candidateto be required to pass a language ex­amination no longer should be de­fended in the name of scholarship.It may reflect a sadist retaliation foran earlier frustration or it may pro­vide a confident answer for those whowould appease inquiring accreditingagencies, but applied to every can­didate, it is a hurdle which is com­pletely superficial and entirely hypo­critical. This in no respect reflectsmy opml'on of foreign language;in fact, our linguistic illiteracy shouldbe a challenge to initiate experimen­tation in language study with selectchildren as early as the fifth gradein America's elementary schools. Weneed quality in language teaching­and more interest in foreign lan­guages.The flow of ideas within classroomsshould become a two-way affair. Thedevelopment of the capacity to thinkconstructively and independentlyhardly is possible in a system that in­sulates the individual from self-ex­pression and from self-education. Wemust learn, especially in graduateschools, that if the individual pos- sesses the quality for admission, hesurely must have the maturity, thenative curiosity, and the intellectualability to pursue much of what Vienow do in classrooms, on his owotime, and in many cases in his owtlway.Many youth are able under thepresent unusually generous offeringplisted in a university catalog to electthemselves out of an education. pef'haps an analysis of the curriculum O'Pmost institutions would reveal th�ta substantial reduction in course of,ferings would not impair an instittl'tion's usefulness or contribute to theintellectual delinquency of the ulti'l'mate consumer.T he retreat from reasonThe abdication to fear and the retreat from reason.. which' presentlyprevail, should in no way deter yotl'from voicing your opinions on theways and means for building a strong'er capitalistic system. We must realizethat decent housing and opportunityfor employment do not represeI1'tsocialism, and those who W0l110strengthen capitalism by advocatingthese reforms should not be labeled"Communist. "I sincerely hope that you aid oLffUnited States to become strong frortlwithin; that you help to remove sortleof the selfishness which circumscribeS'us; that you will guard your rights b_Yaccepting the responsibilities of cit1',zenship. Perhaps, through you, ant!others like you, we shall termina.tethis era in which statesmanship givesground to special group privilege,political maneuvering, the pressure ofvested interests and personal success'at the expense of others. This is nOtime to gamble with liberty. It is notthe time to await the elections fofthe policies we need now.Our universities and colleges of theUnited States cannot remain in theivory tower; we, need the best mindSin our United States in positions �ileadership today. I hope, that thlSmay be the occasion for the mobilizw,tion of the intellectual, spiritual, a.o6cultural forces of the United StateS;that a constructive program of dern'"cracy in action may be formulated;and that the world may know tha.,twe are not orily able but willing tofight ideas with ideas. If this be a.C'complished the road from Bonn ba.ckto Potsdam may not be so hazardo'PTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFamily JournalismIT STARTED with an enthusiasticletter from Betty Miller ('43)Jenks, which you may have read in�he October issue. She and her hus­. and, Dean, were up to their necksIn a weekly slick picture tabloid, anew venture in the twin cities ofBloomihgton-N orrnal, Illinois. TheyWete knocking themselves out havinga wonderful,' time. And as thoughdeadlines, midnight oil, little Tina,and brother Ty were not enough,Betty wanted to organize a Universityof Chicago club.With the club as an excuse but asneaking curiosity to see what theywere ,\19iAg news-wise, we headed�()uth into the,autumn foliage and aarvest moon. 'In her student days Betty helped?Ut at alumni headquarters. She left�n the midst of her master's work to�in a Red Cross mobile unit in theuropean battle zone.Back in post-war America Betty¥,'as at' loose ends. For a time shetraveled the central States as a RedCross speaker, then cut loose and�andered on her own, finally pausingIn Los Angeles to look around.Indifferently glancing through thestUdent promotion ads for California�:ep schools, she was struck with the19nity of one Beverly Hills announce­�ent. In the spirit of blind adventure�f e dropped the school a note, askingB they might need a' French te�cher.Ow could she have known that theywere just then losing their Frenchteacher!tw�O Betty reports, with an eyetInkle, that she took over the Frenchteacher's classes and her boy friend,00, Dean Tyler Jenks.Dean, with printer's ink in his teen­�ge veins, was copy boy for theetroit News at 17. That first year het�lle� a Horace Alger, covering aetrolt race riot so well that he waslQade a full reporter.tJ �he War created an opening witht nlted Press as wire editor, whichOak Dean to N ew York where hee�entually joined the Overseas OfficeW War Information as military writer.hen peace moved in, Dean JenksDECEMBER 1950, moved on to Los Angeles and theTimes. All this while he had an ap­plication with the Christian ScienceM onitor, which kept it pigeon-holedto watch his progress. Within twoyears the Monitor was satisfied andDean joined their Los Angeles office.With this ambition realized, the nextsuddenly appeared in the French De­partment of a Beverly .Hills prepschool! Came the marriage with RuthElizabeth Miller and a desire to havetheir own paper.The, first move in this direction wasto Chicago where Dean became asso­ciate editor of the National [euieler,largest trade magazine in the field.But he kept editorial plugs bobbingon printers' ink seas. A year and ahalf later came 'the first response. ABloomington-Normal weekly shoppingnews had been purchased by a localcitizen. It had been converted to aweekly newspaper and an editor wasneeded. Betty and Dean decided thiswas "it."When we arrived in Bloomingtonwe found the McLean County Courierbeing put to bed by twelve youngsters(average age: 23), with the same tire­less enthusiasm as a Washington Promcommittee on February 21.At present the staff works all nightWednesday pasting up the sixteen pages, which are turned over to amessenger in a panel truck at sixA.M. Thursday. He heads for Wil­mette, Illinois while the staff staggersto bed: Wilmette because it is printed(with the same format) on the presseswhich print the Winnetka 'Talk, theEvanston Reuieui, the Glencoe N eios,and the Wilmette Life.The driver waits in Wilmette untilthe 16,000 copies are run off and,Thursday night, starts back to Bloom­ington. At 5 A.M. Friday he is metby the circulation staff who see thatthe issues get into the mails for Fridaymorning rural delivery in McLeanCounty and to the news boys whodeliver in the twin cities.'The Courier's popularity is partlydue to the fact that there are almostmore pictures than editorial matter.Courier photographers smartly covereverything from barbecues to ayoungster fishing in the Miller Parklake. Human interest and group pic­tures ( the' more people the better)attract more and more readers!And Betty is in there with thegang writing social notes, editorials,picture captions-"having a wonder­ful time."As we visited among our eightyalumni in the twin cities we discov­ered that the Courier might appropri­ately borrow from Winnetka Talk'stitle and rename this weekly: theMcLean County Talk. Everyone'sreading and talking about it.Oh yes, about a Chicago Club inBloomington-Normal. Sure we'll haveone. Betty's going to organize it!-H.W.M.Three working members of the Jenks family15News of the QuadranglesGUIDE TO FOREIGN POLICYBy Jeannette LoweryAMERICAN foreign policy willbe objectively and systematicallyanalyzed in a new Center for theStudy of American Foreign Policy.Under an $86,100 grant from theLilly Endowment, Inc., an educa­tional trust, Hans J. Morgenthau,professor of political science, will di­rect the center.The purpose of the study will beto provide a clear understandingamong citizens as well as governmentagencies of the objectives of Amer­ican foreign policy, the means re­quired to achieve the ends, and thehistoric continuity of the policy.. Research in the center will be di­rected toward comparison of the de­clarations of American statesmen asto foreign policy and the actions theyactually took. Such a study, Profes­sor Morgenthau believes, will' producea clear pattern of the national in­terest of the U nited States."The examination of contemporaryAmerican foreign policy, in the lightof such studies, will show the slowand. painful' process by which the na­tional interest has freed itself-or towhat extent it has failed to free itself-from utopian' standards of thepast," Professor Morgenthau said in.announcing the plan for the center.A member of the faculty of theUniversity. of Chicago since 1943, theyear he became an American citizen,Morgenthau was an honor studentof tlle.· universities of Berlin, Frank­fort; and �,unich and also studiedat the Graduate Institute for Inter­national Studies in Geneva. He is theauthor of Politics Among N ations,The Struggle for Power and Peace,Scientific Man �,uus Power Politics,and Principles "and Problems of In­ternational Politics (with Kenneth W.Thompson of Northwestern Univer­sity) .His staff will include one historian,a political scientist, and two re­search assistants. An advisory board16 of authorities on foreign relations willbe organized to assure the objectivityand non-partisan character of thecenter's work.New DormA quarter of a million-dollar schooldormitory, designed to aid. in thetherapeutic treatment of emotionally­disturbed children, will be added tothe Sonia Shankman OrthogenicSchool at the University of Chicago.The 1,000-member philanthropicSonia Shankman Foundation, ofwhich Harold S. Lansing is coordi­nator of affairs and honorary presi­dent, has pledged $150,000 towardthe $232,000 cost of building an ex­tension for the present school at 1365E. 60th street. The University of Chi­cago board of trustees voted themoney for immediate building.Representative of the kind of con­tribution the foundation seeks tomake to the school, the pledge pro­vides for a two-story modern brickfireproof b u i I ding with facilitiesplanned for the treatment of the 34children enrolled. Forty-four feet "by65 feet, the extension joins the two­story building at the rear.The new wing is allocated to aplayroom, dining room and kitchenfacilities in the English basement, andtwo floors of dormitory quarters, allto be decorated in bright colors.The dormitories, 32 by 21leet; areset up for six children. A counselor'sroom, a sick-bay and an isolationroom for a child whose emotionalstability has not yet reached the groupstage are also provided in connectionwith each of the dormitories.After A-bombs.>:�.Every victim of serious irradiationinjury from an A-bomb blast will needblood from at least fifteen donors.To treat effectively half a million casualties w.it? seri?us irradiation siC�1ness, 7Y2 million pints of blood, near� Ione-half the entire amount drawnthe United States during World WII, would probably be required 0'/a thirty-day period, Dr. J. GarrQAllen, Dr. Peter V. Moulder, and 1)]Daniel M. Emerson estimate.In discussing .. the trea tmen t of irradiation sickness, which is one of t�amost serious medical problems poseby the A-bomb, the doctors say tbalanemia, bleeding, infection, and mal·nutrition are key problems. ."The atomic bomb,' they state:"provides a challenge to civilian pre­paredness inconceivably greater thaOever faced in history."The whole blood, given in dose!of at least one pint every other darDr. Allen�f�om four to six weeks,. will be neede�to combat the anemia, The blootransfusions, together with treatmeotwith such drugs as toluidine blue:the effectiveness of which was M'covered by Dr. Allen-will be usC"ful in treating hemorrhage.Treatment of the victims places a.great responsibility on doctors, wP@must decide who is and who is notcapable of responding to treatment,Individuals close to the actual blast,unless, they have been shielded bybuildings or other structures, may Stl:(1vive temporarily, but ordinarily WInot respond to treatment.Previous animal experiments by Of,Allen and his research team hav�shown that transfusions combinewith antibiotic drugs such as aure'omycin have been useful in prolong'THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN���g .the lives of dogs exposed to irra­h abon. Two animals thus treatedf aVe been able to survive ordinarilyatal irradiation.. To combat the loss in body weight----which is speeded by the fevers re­�ulting from infections that follow�'radiation-intravenous feeding must� attempted, inc 1 u din g blood,P asrna, vitamins, and other foods.Before the Solar System1 Comets were formed from the same�houd of gas which revolved aboute Sun and evolved into the earthand planets.Gerard P. Kuiper, professor offh'actical astronomy, has presented toe National Academy of Sciences a�ew theory of comet origin, a con­InUation of the hypothesis he firsta1vanced a year ago about the origin() the solar system.f In his theory, the original cloudo gas from which the planetsorig'h Inated was 98 percent light gases,/drogen and helium. Instead of con­. ensing into a double star and form­ling b'a mary system with the sun, the'!:t!ections after five Kuipernormal process in nature, this cloudspread out and revolved about thesun.These planets were formed fromthe part of this cloud which lay be­tween the planet Mercury-closest tothe sun-s-and Neptune. In this areathe cloud was dense enough for parts of it to break into a number of whirl­ing eddies, which Kuiper labels proto­planets. These eddies continued toshrink and finally condensed into theplanets and their satellites.The comets were formed in thesolar system beyond the planet Pluto,which is the greatest distance awayfrom the sun. The original cloud ofdust and gas was not dense enough toallow matter to contract by force ofgravity in the form of planets. In­stead, the matter formed a trillionsmaller bodies-the comets. Rangingin diameter .from approximately atenth of a mile to a mile, the mass ofall the. comets approximately equalsthat of the earth.Some of the comets were sentwandering beyond the solar systeminto outer space, where their move­ments were affected by the gravita­tional effects of the stars. The visiblecomets remained inside the solar sys­tem and appear from time to time.Some of these comets once insidethe solar system passed too close tothe sun, and the ice of which theywere formed, evaporated again intogases.By a thumping majority, the center party wins aStudent Assembly election; and in a sample Presi ..dential ballot, the faculty goes RepublicanPOLL.S AND' POLITIC.SBy Robert M. StrozierDean of StudentsVOTING U of C students haveth' again chosen the center way inelr Student Assembly elections.th The news that the moderate party,\IT e Independent Students League,� on. hands down against the Non-artIsan Student League, which repre­Sents the groups further to the left one�lh.PUs, is as startling to some friends�h the University as was the news oft' e poll taken during the last presiden­()�al election which found the majorityI' OUr faculty members to be Repub­leans.bECEMBER 1950, In any event, the campus churnedwith the most active political cam­paign that has been carried on inyears. NPSL, which combines mostof the far-left groups into a singlewell-knit party, was determined tohave its effect on the voters, and togain a majority in the Student As­sembly, which has been under theleadership of the center group. Whenthe votes were counted, with morethan two thousand ballots cast, thecenter ISL party showed large gains,piling up a thumping majority of 59 of the Assembly's 65 seats. It wasan encouraging thing that the largestnumber of students in many yearsvoted in the campus election. Morethan a third of the eligible votersparticipated.Student government has alwaysbeen difficult to establish at the Uni­versity. Interest in self-governmentseems to reside mainly among theCollege students, and those justemerging from the College into thedivisions. We have a large numberof students who come to our graduate17or professional schoolsr: from othercolleges and universities each year,and this group, embarking upon anintense academic, program in a new.environment, is usually, loath to be­gin a new career, in rstudent politics.This election probably indicates anew interest generally in campus af­fairs, and should be reflected in theactivities on campus-during the pres­ent academic i yean It undoubtedlymeans the office of the Director ofStudent Activities! will be busier thanever-and it has: always been a very,very busy one. ;Washington 'and Points Eas.tI was a" peripatetic Dean of Stu­dents during October to the point ofa full schedule. Mr. R. Wendell Har­rison [Vice-President] and I wereasked to represent the University ata meeting, of the American Councilon Education called in Washingtonearly in the month. We went a dayearly in order to visit the Depart­ment of State; as news had come to usof additional funds which might beused for bringing to this country,professors, post-Ph.D. research fel­lows, and also students at the grad­uate and undergraduate levels.The American Council meetingswere extremely important; a factwhich was immediately attested by thefact that 950 persons representing thecolleges and universities of the coun­try, turned up for the conference, andof this, 450 were presidents of schools.This turn-out perhaps indicated thatthe educational institutions were ap­prehensive about the impact of thewar, but it also showed a sincere andearnest desire on the part of highereducation to cooperate with the vari­ous agencies of government in what­ever. programs are necessary in thecoming year.General Hershey and the DraftGeneral Hershey spoke to us veryfrankly about the desire of the govern­ment to approach the problem ofhandligg students 'more intelligentlythis year. The Selective Service hasalready postponed the induction ofstudents who are enrolled in school,this year, and a plan is now underway-for postponing induction of stu­dents who are in the upper third oftheir classes, on the assumption thatfrom this group must be drawn lead-18 ers and technical experts for manybranches of the government.General Hershey was very encour­aging when he said that Selective Serv­ice is going to be as much con­cerned about persons in the humani­ties as those in the physical sciencesat present, and in. the future. In prep-·aration for a more definitive plan, acommittee of educators has been work­ing for a long time with him settingup a general education examinationwhich will probably be administeredto students all over the country, and'some comparative judgments can bemade on the level of persons whomay be useful to the armed forces invarious capacities.Although ·realizing that we aregoing through another period of prep­aration for war is both alarming anddisturbing, I am greatly encouragedthat we shall not approach the kindof administrative chaos which existedin 1942 when educators were calledto Baltimore to try to work out aproblem which was almost overwhelm­ing. At, that time they were contem­pla ting and even beginning certainprograms which needed the coopera­tion of the universities and colleges.Physical facilities in many schoolswere almost empty because of the war,and many faculty groups were sorelydepleted. It was amazing that asmuch good use of schools was madeeventually in spite of the. slow begin­ning and the lack of coherent plan­ning in the early stages. 'Unificationof the armed services will probablyprevent the kind of competition thatwent on between the various servicesduring the last war in connectionwith the different programs placedin the schools.Mr. Eliot comes to Campus ...The presence of T. S. Eliot on thecampus this autumn has caused quitea stir on a campus that is frequentlyblase about the number of distin­guished people on its own faculty andthe almost constant stream of visitorsfrom abroad. Mr. Eliot gave a seriesof four lectures in Mandel Hall on hisideas of education and also taught aclass under the auspices of the Com­mittee on Social Thought. John Nefworked for a long time on the plan tohave' Mr. Eliot in residence at theUniversity of Chicago, and since Johnand Eleanor Nef spend a great deal oftime abroad, they have seen Mr. Eliot from time to time in London. IA sight which was almost unbe­lievable presented itself to me whell,I came to the office at a quarter ofeight to catch up on dictation whichhad piled up. I did not know theoccasion of the long queue whicbgreeted my eyes as I approached the'Circle, since I had -not read the noticethat tickets for the second Eliot lec" Iture would be given out at 8: 30 A.M·.at the information desk of the Admin­istration Building. Students were linedthree deep from the entrance to theAdministration Building to Jones, andfrom Jones past Kent, at a quarterof eight. By the time the informationdesk was open, the line stretched tothe Commons.This gives you an idea. of the in­terest in Mr. Eliot and the fact thatthe second in a series of lectures waS,most important. These were nOltcuriosity-seekers or those who get 11bang out of looking at the great. They'had probably seen him about thecampus and had possibly heard his firstlecture.Mr. Eliot has been most generou'with his time. He attended theHomecoming Reception at Ida NoyeS,Hall as a member of the faculty; hehas been interviewed by the M'arooni:he has met for luncheon with the­Episcopalian members of the faculty,and he has appeared in numeroufplaces in a most cordial and friendlymanner. Here is one of the greatmen of "our day who, like all of thetruly great, is simple, direct, andcharming in his manner.... And So Do ParentsIn October we celebrated Parents'Weekend by inviting the parents ofnew students in the College. We havefollowed this practice for three yearsnow and are more encouraged eachyear with this plan. Unfortunately.I was in Minneapolis representing theUniversity at meetings there and wasunable to be present.Mrs. Ruth McCarn, the new As­sistant Dean of Students, presided atthe banquet at Ida Noyes Hall, an?Champ Ward, Dean of the College,spoke well, as he always does. Therewas a larger group of parents thisyear despite the general decline in en­rollment. The entire weekend waS'given over to the parents, who wereinvited to special social affairs, 11production of the University Theatre,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEand, most important, to personal con­ferences with the advisers of theirch�ldren.We were not sure whether or notthe parents would be interested inCOrning on a Saturday afternoon forconferences' with their children's ad­visers, but offered the plan a yearago and were very much pleased bythe fact that almost all of the parentswho attended took the time and trou­ble to sit down for a chat with theadviser involved.. This autumn we invited the enter­Ing College students, who live athorne and commute during the regulars:hool year, to live during Orienta­tIon week in the residence halls. Thisrepresented a solid step-and a highlysuccessful one-in our program aimedat making the commuting studentsan integral part of the residence halland co-curricular program of the U ni­versity. Those first days for the newstudents are extremely important. Fastfriendships are formed, and the com­ll10n problems of the newcomers tendto unite them into strong cultural andsocial groups.Student MemorialMrs. McCarn, Mr. William Biren­baum, and Mr. Grip met recently with�rs. E. W. Ball, whose son, WilliamBall, died tragically just before theOPening of the Autumn Quarter. Mrs.Ball had expressed her desire to meearlier to do something in a modestWay to facilitate our program for theresidence hall associates by using thell10ney which she had intended to use�or Bill's education this year. SheIS a graduate of the University of�innesota and a woman who hasgiven �uch thought to the wholeproblem of the commuting student,Particularly those at Chicago. 'As a result, we have found asplendid project which will contributetnuch to the associate program. Mrs.Ball has chosen to use the fund toestablish one room in Burton-JudsonSo that commuting students maychoose t� remain at school overnightfrom time to time. We have so manyrequests from students who would liketo spend a night on campus for vari­OUs reasons, and for whom no specialprovisions have been made.I think this is an extraordinarilylJECEMBER, 1950 good 'choice, and many commutingstudents will profit by the experienceof living more closely with their fel­low students. Shortly before hisdeath, Bill had gone on a campingtrip with. the Student Union, and thisgroup has made a contribution to thisfund which Mrs. Ball is initiating.I t is possible this is but the beginningof an idea, which may grow into apermanent feature of the associatemember plan.Joy in BartlettT. N. Metcalf has. become optimis­tic! Everyone knows that all coachesare natural pessimists, and I shouldbe the first to put T. N. in the upper­level group of this general category.He startled me completely at the lastmeeting. of the staff' of the Dean ofStudents by announcing that he andthe members of his staff consideredthe entering College class this yearto be very superior-in fact, the bestgroup that the staff has seen. He andhis colleagues have. always done anexcellent job in the intramural pro­gram and the young m�n with whomhe has surrounded himself, I mustsay, form a very superior group them­selves.We have been hearing from allsides that this class is superior' inevery aspect-looks, interest in activi­ties, and general deportment, as wellas in matters academic. The finalstep is now taken when T. N. himselfmakes such an unsolicited statement.I pass this on to you for what it isworth, but we may speak in the futurewith great reverence of the class of1954, as we speak now of the illus­trious classes of the late 90's and theearly decades of the present century.I have been very much, impressedby two visits to other campuses whichcalled to my attention a very greatneed which exists on our own. Inearlier columns I have spoken of theAllerton estate, which was given tothe University of Illinois and whichprovides a magnificent setting forconferences of about 100 persons. Iwas there to speak to a group ofDirectors of Orientation Programs onthe .tenth of October and was againstruck by the need for just such con­ference facilities at our University.The weekend of the 21 st was spent in Minneapolis attending a meeting ofthe Deans and Directors of SummerSchools, neither of which I am, butwhich the University asked me to at­tend since we are charter members ofthis organization, and Mr. Huth rep:"resented us for many years there.Another Chicago InnovationIn a sense the University of Chi­cago invented Summer' Schools, beingthe first university in the United Statesto have a full summer quarter likethe other quarters 'of the year. Itinvented the quarter system, too. I be­lieve., In any case, the point of refer­ence here is the Continuation Centeron the campus of the University ofMinnesota. It is a three-story buildingwit h comfortable and attractivelounges, a meeting room for about 75people, bedrooms for both men andwomen guests, a private dining room,and all of the facilities of a small,attractive place where real work canbe done by groups of about a hun­dred. The Continuation Center is inthe heart of the campus, only a blockfrom the auditorium where we heardthe opening concert of the Minneap­olis Symphony Orchestra Friday night,and only two blocks from the stadiumwhere we saw Minnesota annihilatedby Ohio State on Saturday. Inci­dentally, you may think that this wasa social weekend when you know thattwo such events were worked intothe conference of educators who werehard at work; but you should knowthat this group of educators wassmart enough to choose a place andtime when such events would be goingon and that the long, hard hourswere relieved very pleasantly by suchdiversions.Our own university is centrally lo­cated, and we receive constant requestsfor con fer e n c e s and workshopsthroughout the entire year. Chicagohotels are constantly used, but theyare too expensive, and, of course, peo­ple are dispersed throughout the cityonce they get scattered in the hotels.A conference center such as the oneon the Minnesota campus provides iso­lation for the group so that they canlive and work together, and even ina short period of time come to knoweach other very well.19Quadrangler QueriesI had the pleasure of lunching withthe alumnae group of the Quad­ranglers in a private dining room atField's recently and of telling themsomething about activities on the cam­pus now. I was impressed by thegroup of charming, intelligent womenwho have maintained an interest inthe University. They asked manysearching questions and showed theirinterest was genuine and extensive ineverything that concerns their AlmaMater.One member told me that she hadbeen asked by a friend to make adonation for a new organ for BondChapel in memory of a friend, in­stead of sending flowers or making anyother such gesture. Her question to mewas whether or not Bond Chapelneeded a new organ. I could tell herthat the University is desperately try­ing to install a new organ there. Theone which has served so many yearshas almost completely disintegrated.Fulbright ScreeningsMeetings of the Fulbright Commit­tee are being held in early Novemberto make the final selection of can- didates whom we will recommend tothe national committee for graduatestudy abroad. The committee is com­posed of William Birenbaum, JamesCate, Merle Coulter, Robert Horn,Harry Kalven, Andrew Lawson, JamesNichols, Kenneth Rehage, and Miss'Frances Henne. Bill Birenbaum proc­esses the students when they pick uptheir applications, 'and each studentis subsequently given an interviewof about 45 minutes by one of themembers of the committee. Delibera­tions are long and tiresome, but theyare worth the time which we give,as many of our students will be ableto travel abroad and do importantresearch under the auspices of thisgrant.Last year more than 20 Chicagostudents were selected out of a totalof about 600 for the entire UnitedStates. This year the national com­mittee has set up state. committees toselect two students at the senior levelfrom liberal arts colleges and univer­sities in the various states. GeorgeStoddard; President of Illinois, is thestate chairman of the Illinois Fulbrightgroup and I am representing Chicagoon this panel. The state committeewill not be concerned with graduatestudents. Chicago is in all unusually excellentposition for Fulbright, since we have,so many students who are truly quali­fied to take advantage of what thegreat universities abroad have to of­fer. As they have come back fromthe year spent abroad and told us oftheir experiences, and the real researchthey have done, it has been excitingto note the broadening of their in�terests and their true learning. TheFulbright Bill was not created just forschools like Chicago,- Columbia, andHarvard, but for the country as awhole. The type of students we sendare a credit, however, not only to ourUniversity, but to the United States.Europeans have always been somewhatsupercilious of our educational institu­tions, but they have been changingtheir OpInIOn very rapidly. Thischange is due not only to the repre�sentatives of our faculty and studentswho have gone abroad, but also tothe constant stream of visitors to thiscountry who are studying our meth­ods and investigating what we havedone to become so important in theinternational educational scene. Thishappens to be one of my chief interests.I hope to see it continue to grow.Recovering Man's Story (Continued from page 9)age alone. Its own excellence placesit in the forefront of the creationsof ancient man, gives it a significantplace among the spiritual products ofman of all ages, ranking with theHebrew and Greek masterpieces.These compositions are a monumentto the creative activity of the Su­merians. From them shine forth the'wisdom of the past, man's philosophy,his feelings toward his gods, his atti­tudes on the stage of life. Both thisliterature and the, learning of the- scribes made their quarter the centerof culture in Nippur, and so far as weknow, the major one of all Babylonia.Digging here was like excavating agreat national library, that of theBritish Museum, the Bibiloteque Na­tionale, or our own Library of Con­gress. But with the difference thathere the richness of literature andlearning is an accumulation of wisdom20 from the private libraries of individualscribes.Lives of the scribesThe scribes were somewhat of aguild, for most people were illiterate.They formed an indispensable part ofsociety in' temple, administration andbusiness. One of our tablet-finds thisseason describes the advantages ofthe scribal profession and how nece­sary it is to others. Some scribes wereoccupied in commerce, their housescontaining many business documents.Others spent their time teachinggroups of young boys in a room intheir house. We found the boys' prac­tice tablets inside and without theschoolroom, each representing a hardday's work mastering the elaboratesigns of the Sumerian and Babylonianlanguages. Here they had tossed them at the end of the day, just as pupilstoday throw their themes and horne­work in the wastepaper basket whenthey are corrected and class is over.In the teachers' houses were alsotheir. reference works, the form ofgrammars and dictionaries then in use,mathematical texts and problems.The libraries of other scribes con­tained the literary texts which pro�vide invaluable glimpses into thespiritual beliefs of ancient man.In this one quarter they had livedfor generations, one city level risingupon another as the centuries passed.The lowest city reached this seasonis 4000 years old, the topmost 1500years la ter.We found many nice objects andthey are pleasant to have, yet theirdiscovery brings not only a thrill butmuch painstaking work. Each mustbe located in its level and its posi-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtion recorded so it is securely dated.The houses and burials in which theyWere found have to be carefullyplanned. All significant fragmentshave been drawn or photographed soWe have a permanent record of them,since at least half our finds will stayin the Baghdad Museum after theyearly division of antiquities.The tablets "speak"The finding of a tablet is not asexciting as seeing a statue appear asthe pickman lifts a clod of earth.Many of you have doubtless sharedthe same reaction while turning awayfrom a case of tablets in our Museum.The tablet, itself, is never more thana small formed lump of clay, usuallyunbaked, mud-colored and unlovely,most often found in fragments, soakedby a thousand winter rains. Piecesfound 50 years ago often supplement,restore and complete the ones we findnow.Yet these lumps of clay, coveredwith a maze of wedge-shaped marks,actually bring us the closest to anunderstanding of man in the past.Suppose the home of Albert EinsteinWere thrown open to inspection andyou visited it, knowing nothing ofEinstein. As a careful observer youwould note from the musical instru­ments and many books that this manWas cultured.But from the material objects? Youwould learn only that he was cultured,with scholarly inclinations, and hadgained moderate success in life. Youcould tell nothing of his contributionsto physics, nothing of the broadunderstanding of life which his graspof the universe has given him. Youmust read his scientific books to knowthat Einstein has found a larger or­der in the universe. You must readhis autobiography to see how thisexceptional individual feels about lifeas a whole. Man's recorded thoughtalone-however strange or difficultlywritten-gives us his deeper knowl­edge, his feelings about life.Once' the tablets are laboriouslystudied by the few experts in deadlanguages and are made to speak,they have much to tell. First aboutdaily life in the past; the advantagesto himself and others which a scribefound in his profession, or the agri­cultural practices of that ancient time,contained in a farmer's advice to hisSon.Other tablets express social atti-DECEMBER, 1950 Donald Duck? No, this clay head, foundon a surface mound, turned out to he thehead of a dragon, known from the wallsof Babylon.tudes then prevalent. In a hymn toa goddess, N anshe, we recognize heras the earliest goddess of justice, theprototype of our own symbol. In thishymn we find the oldest detailed ex­ample of divine interest in justicetempered by mercy, a feeling for hu­man beings. Divinely-sanctioned con­ventions are developing so that theless fortunate will not be hurt by thestronger. The widow must not be op­pressed by the strong or rich becauseshe no longer has a husband to pro­vide for or protect her. Man knewthe obligations of social justice by2000 B. C., yet this concept has de­veloped with tortoise-like slowness.What is there in man's nature that'has hampered his progress in thisfield compared to scientific develop­ment?Even lowly business documents areinteresting. They seem less importantto us than other tablets, because singlythey contribute little more than adate, the cost of a house rental, orperhaps the· price of onions. Yet,along with administrative documents,they provide evidence on an impor­tant problem, the conflicting desirefor economic security, and freedomand initiative.At an early period in Sumer, wefind the political trend was towardcentralization and concentration ofpower. Government was becoming asauthoritarian as any we have seen inGermany or Russia, but differed in itsreligious background. That a newlycomplex society should show thistendency is no surprise. Centralizedpower meant security from foreignattack. More than 4000 years ago itwas' as urgent for the government to have unusual powers to fight a waras it is now. Unified managementalso afforded an efficient irrigationsystem, so vital to crops and life inthis arid country of little rain.Security vs. freedomYet despite such advantages, gov­ernment control fluctuated. It slack­ened particularly in the period be­tween 2000 and 1800 B. C. repre­sented by three cities in the ScribalQuarter. One can not help specu­lating why this was so. To be sure,such fluctuations correlate with thedegree of power the rulers could ex­ercise. But when central authoritydiminished or broke down, the citiescould have applied similar controlsover a more limited area if peopleactively wanted them. Was the break­down due to losing the mechanics ofcontrol or to the Sumerian desire formore freedom with less security?" Tounravel this problem, in this case and'others from antiquity, will be no meanachievement. Only then can realprogress be achieved toward accurateknowledge-not just guessing or hop­ing-that man needs not security orfreedom but the right proportion ofboth.Our first two seasons are completed.The next task is upon us-to publishthe results of these two campaigns.I t will be a new type of archeologicalbook, not, as in the past, one writtenby specialists for other specialists. Itwill give the story of man's growthat Nippur so that all may look intothe past better to understand the pres­ent.Ahead lies the season of 1951-52when Nippur will once more offer upits treasures of spirit and ·wisdom.Digging will continue in the ScribalQuarter to find more of its literatureand to penetrate back into the thirdmillenium to see how the scribes faredat that early time. In the sacred pre­cincts still earlier temples of Enlilmust be sought. Perhaps instead wewill find the temple of his wife,shrines to other gods connected withhim, or the administrative quarters gfthe city-all of which await discovery.Any of these will bring results of greatsignificance for our understanding ofancient man. Despite the sand anddesert we are eager to return toNippur, so little touched in its vast­ness, with such important results fromthe minute portions excavated, andwith so much yet to give.21Friday, December 1PUBLIC LECTURE-General· Robert E. Wood, Chairman of theBoard, Sears, Roebuck and Co., "The Impact of Industry onChicago." Fifth lecture in a series entitled "Know Your Chi­cago." 11 :00 a.m., Club Room, Art Institute. Single admission,$1.20.PUBLIC LECTURE-David Morris Potter, Professor of AmericanHistory, Yale University, "Abundance and America's WorldOutlook." Walgreen Foundation lecture series on EconomicAbundance and American Character. Social Science (1126 E. 59thSt.). Room 122, 4:30 p.m. Free.UNIVERSITY CONCERT -Jennie Tourel, mezzo-soprano; ErichItor Kahn, piano. Paul Hindemith, "Das Marienleben," (com­plete song cycle on texts by Rainer Marie Rilke), 8:30 p.m.,Mandell Hall (57th and University). $1.50.Sunday, December 3RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn). 11 a.m., the Rev. Wallace W. Robbins, AssociateDean of the Chapel.Monday, December 4MOVIE-Four Charlie Chaplin films, "The Rink," "The Vaga­bond," "The Adventurer," and "Easy Street," at InternationalHouse Auditorium (1414 E. 59th St.). 8 p.m. Admission $0.46.Tuesday, December 5PUBLIC LECTURE-Wilhelm Pauck, Federated Theological Fac­. ulty. "Kierkegaard: Existentialism in Religion." Fourth lecturein a series on Religion Under Attack. 7:00 p.m., Room 809,19 South La Salle St. Single admission, $0.75.PUBLIC LECTURE-Clarence E. Parmenter, Professor of Ro­mance Phonetics, University of Chicago, "Andre Gide." Alumniseries on Classics of Contemporary Literature, 7:30 p.m., JuddHall (5835 Kimbark Ave.), Room 126. Admission by seriesticket only.Wednesday, December 6PUBLIC LECTURE-Ann Barzel, Dance. critic, Chicago Sun­Times, "Rebels and Innovators in Theater Dance." Fifth lec­ture in a survey of theatrical dancing. 6:30 p.m., Room 809,19 South La Salle St. Single admission, $1.00.Thursday, December 7PUBLIC LECTURE-Bert F. Hoselitz, Lecturer in Economicsand Associate Professor of Social Sciences, University of Chi­cago, "The Economist," Alxmni series on Approaches to Peace,7:30 p.m., Judd Hall (583� '<.imbark Ave.), Room 126. Admis­sion by series ticket only. .'1Sunday, .December 10RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn). 11 a.m., the Rev. john-B. Thompson, Dean of theChapel.22 Tuesday, December 12PUBLIC LECTURE-David Riesman, Professor of Social Science,University of Chicago, "Freud: Religion as a Neurosis." Fifthlecture in a series on Religion Under Attack. 7:00 p.m., RooJll809, 19 South La Salle St. Single admission, $0,75.PUBLIC LECTURE-Siegmund Levarie, Assistant Professor ofMusic and Conductor of the University Symphony Orchestraand the Collegium Musicum, University of Chicago, "TheOperas of Mozart," Alumni series on The Opera, 7:30 p.rn.,Judd Hall (5835 Kimbark Ave.), Room 126. Admission byseries ticket only. 'Wednesday, December 13PUBLIC LECTURE-Ann Barzel, Dance critic, Chicago sun­Times, "Contemporary Ballet." Sixth lecture in a survey oftheatrical dancing. 6:30 p.m., Room 809, 19 South La SalleSt. Single admission, $1.00.Thursday, December 14PUBLIC LECTURE-Ernest A. Haggard, Associate Professor ofEducational Psychology in the Departments of Psychology andEducation, University of Chicago, "Some Physiological andPsychological Factors in Emotional Conditioning," Alumniseries on Frontiers in' psychology, 7:30 p.m., Jull Hall (5835Kimbark Ave.), Room 126. Admission by series ticket only.Friday, December 15PUBLIC LECTURE-Mortimer Adler, Professor of Philosophyof Law, Univer,sity of Chicago, "The Community of Minds:Rhetoric and Dialectic." Third Iecture in a series on The GreatIdeas. 7:30 p.m., 32 West Randolph St. Single admission, $1.50 .UNIVERSITY CONCERT -Eva Heinitz, viola da gamba; DorothyLane, harpischord. Handel, Sonata, C major, for viola dagamba and harpischord. K. P. E. Bach, Sonata, D major, forviola da gamba and figured bass. Rameau, Pieces do Clavecin­J. S. Bach, Sonata, No. I, G major, for viola da gamba andharpischord. Marais, Suite, Nos 5, A major, for viola da gambaand figured bass, 8:30 p.m., Mandell Hall (57th and University).$1.50.Sunday, December 17RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn). 11 a.m. Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins, Univer­sity of Chicago.Tuesday, December 19PUBLIC LECTURE-Carlos Castillo, Professor of Spanish, Uni­versity of Chicago, "Palacio Valdes," Alumni series on Classics ofContemporary Literature, 7:30 p.m., Judd Hall (5835 KimbarkAve.), Room 126. Admission by series ticket only.Thursday, December 21PUBLIC LECTURE-Harold C. Urey, Distinguished Service Pro­fessor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry and theInstitute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, "TheScientist," Alumni series on Approaches to Peace, 7:30 p.rn·,Judd Hall (5835) Kimbark Ave.), Room 126. Admission byseries ticket only.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECLASS1881The oldest living alumnus on our records,as far as we can determine, is William M.�ge, '81, who, at the age of 95, lives withhis daughter in Muskogee, Oklahoma. ThereWere 18 in his graduating class from theOld University which was' on 35th and Cot­tage Grove. This first University of Chi­cago closed its doors in 1886 and the gradu­ate� were officially transferred to the newD nlversity after it opened in 1892.1901Fiftieth Reunion June 8, 1951. To date 23�ep()rt they plan to return for reunion,Indicated by asterisk (*), and the EmeritusClub luncheon, June 9.* Lillian F. Abbott is a retired teacherand missionary living in Beverly Hills,California. "Am just as busy doing house�ork and church work as when I was get­tIng paid."':' Eliot Blackwelder, PhD '14, is professoremeritus of geology, Stanford University.B:e is living in Stanford. "While ostensiblyContinuing my research work in geology, Iam actively devoting most of my time tothe much more .important work of theAtlantic Union Committee."Carlotta H. Collins is a retired schoolteacher living in Spokane, Washington. "1Would love to be at the reunion but IdOUbt if I can manage it."Rancher William F. Eldridge of Corona,California, writes: "Remembering the veryfine time I had at the fiftieth anniversaryof the 1899 football team, it was my hopethat I could attend my fiftieth anniversaryas a graduate of the University. However,the contact I had with a train last Febru­ary 15 makes my return very uncertain.My eyesight and hearing are still defectiveand my equilibrium is such I still requirethe use of a cane. Please accept my bestWishes for the success of the reunion andmy own regrets that I probably won't beable to attend." ,* Alma Hirschberg has been with thebrokerage firm of Shearson, Hammill &Co., Chicago, since the death of her hus­band in 1936. She has three professionaldaughters: Dr. Nell Hirschberg, publichealth service in North Carolina; Dr. Kate�. Kohn, practicing in Chicago; and Mrs.Sidney Mandel, a psychiatrist. .Jane Rachel Johnson is living in North­ampton, Massachusetts, where her husband,Arthur T. Jones, '99, has retired from thePhysics faculty of Smith College.':'.. Ernest C. McKibben MD '04, is a phy­SICIan in Kirkland, Washington.lIugh S. Mead is a retired universityprofessor living in Bellefontaine, Ohio.* Mary Dewhurst Miles is living in Mt.Carroll, Illinois, where she retired in 1943from the business office of Frances ShimerCOllege. Reunion: "Don't know yet; wouldlOve to." That's all we wanted to know.vVe'll be expecting her.':' Laura E. O'Brien lives in River Forest,Illinois, where she is "very happily busyhelping care for the two children of mybECEMBER, 1950 niece, Ruth O'Brien Hughes, '29, MD '34,while she cares for other mothers andchildren."* Katherine W. Paltzer writes from Hins­dale, Illinois, that she will be present atthe reunion.::: Ralph H. Rice of Wilmette, Illinois,writes: "Retired after forty years in �n­gineering work on local transportationlines in Chicago. Mrs. Rice will expect tobe with me if .agreeable to the committee."By all means.':' Donald R. Richberg, prominent Wash­ington lawyer, is now living in Charlottes­ville, Virginia. He is lecturer at the Uni­versity of Virginia Law School; a trustee ofAmerican University in Washington; direc­tor and senior counsel of the AmericanNatural Gas Company; secretary and trus­tee of Phi Gamma Delta Educational Foun­dation. Don is well known among alumniand class circles and wrote a number ofChicago songs. Of course he will be backfor reunion-as usual!::: Kellogg Speed, MD '04, is a surgeon inChicago. "Still alive fifty years after gradu­ating." We will confirm this with convic­tion and add that he's still doing nicethings for his Alma Mater, serving onboards, committees, and working for itscontinued success and advancement.* Nellie Williams' card deserves a Iu"Iquote: "My husband who, for thirty yean,was chief research chemist for the CornProducts Refining Company, died in June,1949. My daughter and her husband, MaxE. Sonderby, are also graduates of theUniversity. My seven grandsons (my son'sfour, my daughter's three) will, withoutdoubt, foUow the family tradition by gradu­ating there between 1960 and 1970! Maybeearlier!' (All exclamation points hers.)" Isshe corning to reunion? "Yes indeed!"* Herbert P. Zimmermann, former presi­dent of R. R. Donnelley & Sons Companyand presently chairman of the executivecommittee, is a hard working member ofthe University's Board of Trustees. Hehas always been active in University andalumni affairs and class events through theyears.Continued next month.1902Alexander P. Thoms, of Pacific Pali­sades, Calif., has retired as an electricalengineer-su perin tenden t. for the'. Common­weal th Edison Co ..Florence Ashcraft . (Mrs. E. Dean Ellen­wood) and her husband, who retired re­cently, are now living in Scottsdale, Ari­zona. Herman I. Schlesinger, PhD '05, profes­sor emeritus of chemistry, was awarded anhonorary degree by Bradley University,Peoria, at their June convocation. A for­mer student, J. H. Shroyer, '28, PhD '32,head of Bradley's department of chemistry,had the honor of presen ting the degreeto his former professor.1907Ch�rles M. Correll, PhM' '08,. professoremerrtuus of history, was named historian?f K:a�sas State College recently. CharlesIS president of the Kansas State HistoricalSociety and a member of the AmericanAssociation of University Professors. All ofhis six children are graduates of KansasState.Amy L. Daniels, of Iowa City, is a mem­ber of the facul ty of the U niversi ty ofIowa. .Herman C. Groman, MD (Rush), ofHammond, Indiana, was elected a memberof the Explorers' Club I of New York Cityin October. Since his retiremen t as secre­tary of the Hammond Board of Health, hehas traveled in every continent of theworld.1908Charles H. Dorn is an attorney in NewYork City.John F. Bowman is an attorney in SaltLake City, Utah,Orville Taylor, of Chicago, has beennamed to head the 1950 fund raising cam­pai�� of the Illinois chapter of the Ar­thr it is and Rheumatism Foundation.The Merrill C. Meigs field was dedicatedin honor of vice-president Merrill C. Meigsof the Hearst Corp. at ceremonies held inChicago last July. He is a veteran flyerand in 1943 received a citation from theUniversity for pioneering in aeronautics.1911Fortieth Reunion, June 8, 1951. To date23 report they plan to return, indicated byasterisk (':').* Vallee O. Appel, JD '14, is president of�he F�lton Marke� Cold Storage CompanyI� ChIcag? He IS also president of theFirst Na tional Bank of Highland Park,Illinois, and a "grand-papa." He has con­tinued hi� i�terest in the University andthe. ASSOCIatIOn. Former president of theAssociation, he is now on its governingboard. o,;, Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge has lived inNew York City for years·. He is an il­lustrator and typographer and. is designing�nd producing hand printed "scenic" wallpaper from hand-cu t blocks 6 x 11 feet. In1947 he wrote and illustrated his autobi­ography, Time and. Chance-over 400 pagespublished by The John Day Company.Renton K. Brodie, SM '11, is vice presi­dent of The Proctor & Gamble Company,Cincinnati, Ohio.Mollie R. Carroll, AM '15, PhD '20, isa. training specialist for Old Age and . Sur­vivors Insurance, Baltimore. She lives inMcLean, Virginia.23:J, C. Harold Earle lives in Hermansville,Michigan. "Once you get sawdust in yourshoes you cannot live happily without it.Grandfather's old sawmills and flooringfactory wore out ... after sixty years. Weare preparing to take a fresh start with newmachinery in the old building and hopeto keep our little town on the map withwoodworking appropriate to modern cir­cumstances. Pretending to be an engineeris fun." Harold gives as his business:"Lumber again, after several years' digres­sion into resort construction and timbergrowing."Edna M. Fe1tges is chairman of the de­partment of mathematics in Woodrow Wil­son Branch of the Chicago City JuniorCollege.* Bradford Gill retired as a partner inMoore, Case, Lyman and Hubbard (insur­ance) four years ago. "However, I am nextdoor."Charles F. Gray, II, estate management:"Thirty years the same house (2906 LincolnStreet, Evanston) the same wife ... thesame alumni Magazine-No-a better houseand a better wife and a better Magazineeach year."* Frances Herrick, New York City, manu­facturer of frozen specialties under brandname "Fantails." Makes canapes, waffles,etc. for eastern seaboard from Miami toBoston. "Small but growing business.""During War II, ran navy messes; associateeditor of Delineator 'til it folded. No hus­band; no children. Did you know mybrother-in-law of '11 is Chevalier D'honeurof France? Has two daughters, only sonkilled in War II, air, R.A.F."Frances P. Keating, whose husband ispresident of the San Diego (California)State College, writes that she is a memberof the Y.W.C.A. board, Camp Fire Girlsboard, Mental Hygiene Association, youthservice division of the Welfare Council,housewife, and painter of land- and sea­scapes. Son Walter, Jr., '4.3, �D . '44, isassistant professor of pediatrics III theUniversity of Texas Medical School atGalveston. His wife is Jean Harvey, '43, SB44, "well-known Esoteric." They have threechildren: Susan, 5; Jimmy, 3; and W.H.R.,III, born in Chicago Lying-in July 20,1950.'" Alice Lee lives in Cleveland where herhusband, F. C. Fourth, is an executive ofthe Cleveland Electric Illuminating Com­pany. He has charge of building mainte­nance and repair and buys the fuel. "Iam a housewife with varied outside inter­ests. Am recording secretary for the Cleve­land Council of Church Women and theCleveland Heights Chapter of the Ameri­can Red Cross. Recently on the board ofthe College Club and was chairman of theinternational affairs group of the CollegeClub."* Viola Lewis Herndon lives in Irving­ton, Kentucky. Her husband, who was adistributor for Gulf Refining Company,died September 27, 1950, at Norton Memo­rial Infirmary in Louisville, Kentucky.* John W. MacNeish is the Chicago rep­resentative of Allyn and Bacon, publishersof school books.Mrs. Lena B. Mathes, AM '11, DB '13,lives in Washington, D. C., where she isa member. of the Washington AlumniClub.* Howard Harper McKee, SM '12, is anoil and gas geologist with the firm ofBrokaw, Dixon, McKee, at 120 Broadway,New York.* William A. Owens, AM '11, ·is retiredas vice president and head of the depart-24· ment of psychology at Winona State Teach­ers College, Minnesota. "Have just becomea grandfather at 70. Our only son is headof the department of psychology at IowaState, Ames."* Norman S. Parker, PhD '16, is a Chi­cago patent lawyer. "In the same law of­fice, Parker & Carter, since 1917; hence nonews except 5 children and 10 grand­children.Continued next month.1912Arnold S. Baar, JD '14, president otChicago'S Civic Federation, made the 57thannual report to that body this fall. Arnoldhas also been active in alumni circles andis currently a member of the AlumniFoundation Board.1913H. Ambrose Perrin, AM '22, PhD '32,for many years superintendent of schools atBlue Island, Illinois, retired on July 1,1950. He is continuing to live at his homein Blue Island.Anna E. Moffet (Mrs. Bruce W. Jarvis)and her husband are doing work with theMethodist Mission in Nadiad, India.Dane E. Morrison, of Kenilworth, Illi­nois, was recently named divisional vice­president of the Kendall Company. He isan executive of the Bauer & Black divi­sion of Kendall and president of Bike WebCompany, a subsidiary of Kendall.Henrietta L. Fulkerson, AM '15, has re­tired from her position as a high schoolteacher and is living in Claremont, Cali­fornia.1914Benjamin V. Cohen, JD '15, has beennominated a member of the United Statesdelegation at the United Nations.Jacob R. Rupp, SM '16, MD '16, is aphysician and surgeon in Great Bend,Kansas.1916Mr. and Mrs. Denton H. Sparks an­nounced the marriage of their daughter,Gail Ruth, '48, to John H. Bauman, '47,MBA '47, on October 2.7, 1950. Mr. Sparks,president of A. C; McClurg and Companyin Chicago, is a member of the AlumniFoundation Board.1917Paul E. Hemke, AM, has been elected tothe Board of Trustees of Green MountainJunior College, Poultney, Vermont. Dr.Hemke is head of the aeronautical engi­neering department and faculty dean ofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy,N. Y. He also serves as consultant for thePratt & Whitney Aircraft Co., E. Hartford,Conn., and the General Electric Co., Sche­nectady, N. Y.Colonel John G. Huling, Jr., of WarrenCounty; Indiana, and his wife, (Helen L.Moffet), who did work at the Universityaround 1920, had their farm shown as agood farming example by the Conserva­tion District when 400 persons were takenon an airplane tour of the county.Chicago attorney Wi!lard L. King, JD'17, is receiving professional complimentson his biography of Chief Justice MelvilleWeston Fuller (Macmillan). It is a workwhich involved seven years of research andfive thousand documents from Maine to Chicago. Fuller was the only Chicagoatlto sit on the Supreme Court bench-in thelate 19th and early 20th centuries.Colonel William J. Mather, rememberedby generations of students as the Univer:sity bursar and since returning from wa1service, comptroller of the Andrew ManU'facturing Co., Chicago, was called bacKinto active service March 1, 1950. He wasfirst assigned to the Aberdeen Provin�Ground then reassigned to the GeneraStaff Corps in the Office of the Secretaryof Defense. Near Washington, on July 22,1950. Colonel Mather" was seriously injuredin an automobile accident. He was taket1to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimorefor special trea tmen t and then to WaWrReed Hospital. He was unconscious jormore ' than a month but recently has beeOmaking spectacular improvement. Mrs.Mather has been with him- throughout.He has returned to their home in Chicagofor his convalescence.Joseph N. Sletten, AM, of Pasadena:California, is a teacher at Woodbury college, Los Angeles.Hedwig J. Stieglitz (Dr. Hedwig S.Kuhn), MD '19 (Rush), of Hammond, 10'diana, was presented a Page One Awa:�for her work in the field of industnad,eye safety by the newspapermen andwomen in the Calumet region. The awar 1was made October 11 at the first annu'"Page One Ball of the Hammond News'paper Guild.1919Eunice R. Blackburn is on the facultyof the department of geography at IllinOISState Normal University, at Normal.Arthur R. Colwell, MD '21 (Rush), baSbeen appointed chairman of the depart'ment of internal medicine at Northwestc'PUniversity Medical School, Chicago.1920Alumni House was included in a si)('month 'round-the-world tour just com'pleted by attorney Isaac E. Brockbank, J�!and his wife. May 1 they flew to Hawa�and by ship to Yokohama for .a m?nt,in Japan; on to Hongkong, Manila, SIllgaopore and : on to Penang, Ceylon, Colomband Bombay. They toured India by plan�and on to Egypt where, after Cairo anAlexandria they sailed to Europe. Tbeymoved on from Switzerland, Germany'The Netherlands, Belgium, and Franceto England, Sweden and Norway. Aftervisiting in Scotland and Ireland they fl�wto Montreal and visited Quebec. By NIa'gara Falls and Buffalo they came 00to Alumni House, from where, Octob�r16 they left for Provo to see if theIrni�e daughters would still remernb-"them. Mr. Brockman has been a pr�V�attorney for thirty years. He thinks Itabout time to turn the business over toone of his sons-in-law. Presumably tbe;�are a few cou.ntries he missed. that he \need to have time to do somethmg about.1921Thirtieth Reunion, June 8, 1951. To date52 report they plan to return=indicated bYasterisk (*).':' Andrew M. Baird is vice president ofA. G. Becker & Company, investmentbanking, Chicago. Mrs. Baird was Alta .:NjLarson. Their older daughter is marr�ewith James, 4, and Nancy Jo, 2, addIngTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtwo grandchildren to the family. The�ther Baird daughter is Nancy Elizabeth,{9. Andrew played basketball and varsity"Ootball.; Isaac Bencowitz is a research chemistIn New Gulf, Texas. There are twochildren: Florine, 5; and Harold, 3.b Ann E. Brewington, AM '22, is a mem-er of the faculty of the School of Busi­ness.:� Sister M. Brigetta is a college teacherIn DUluth, Minnesota. She is a nun.* Robert H. Gasch is vice president ofr,he ,Joslyn Company, manufacturers andIstnbutors of outside electrical equip­lllent, 70 Pine Street, New York. He hasa. son, Robert (Cornell, '50) and a mar­�I�d . daughter (Cornell, '46). Each has110Vlded Robert senior with a grandson,:�hich moves grandfather to comment:,,_Oh! Oh! It's later than you think!"; Mortimer B. Harris, of Harris Brothers.ornpany, Chicago, building materialI�anufacturers, has been in alumni andCivic news frequently. Currently he is anlernber of the governing Cabinet of the�sociation. He and the entire family spentdays in late summer on a flight to tenCOUntries of Sou th America, arriving backat Chicago's Municipal Airport five min­lites ahead of schedule. The family in­ClUde: Jeanne, 23; Mary, 20; and Helen, 17.!\fOrt was captain of the track team among�ther things.'" Pearl M. Heffron is associa te professor�� speech at Loyola University, Chicago.e is co-author of Teaching Speech..:truest G. Hoff, AM, PhD '28, was mar­�Ied . to Effie I. Schrock, of Pasadena, Cali­E�r�la, on July 16, 1950. They live ingIn, Illinois., May E. Holmes is retired from teach­I�g and lives in Dundee, Illinois. "Have�o\Vays said I would come to 25th andth reunions only but I had such ag00d time in 1946 tha t I migh t changellly mind."s �igurd W. Johnsen is a physician in Pas­t�lC, New Jersey, and president elect ofe Medical Society of New Jersey.� SibYl E. Kemp's husband is F. Dean., CClusky, '20, PhD '22, associate professor� t?e departmen t of education, U .C.L.A.s elr Son is married and is the Y.M.C.A.decretary at Yvest Los Angeles. TheirStaU�hter is married to a lieutenant (j .g.)s atloned at Charleston. They have aron, 2. Sibyl wishes she could come to'Uunion and drew a sad-faced picture to1 Ustrate her disappointment. 'l\iJohn Ladner was married to Mildred��e Diefenderfer on August 19, 1950.av�ss Diefenderfer graduated from Mor­a Ian College for Women, Bethlehem, Pa.,tJn� received a Master's degree from thes nl�ersity of Wisconsin. Judge Ladner iso�rVlOg his second term as district judgeOk the Fourteenth Judicial District off lahoma. The couple went to Bermuda'k0r their wedding trip.Of Sadie Linden.baum is secretary-treasurerS the Goldman Foods, Inc. Her husband,S�11l Goldman, is president. They live inc1 �rgeon Bay, Wisconsin. There are threeo{lldren in the Goldman family. TheC dest, Elaine, was graduated from theofOlIege in 1950 and is now in the divisionthe biological sciences.II Claire Jean Lippman lives in Glencoe.is er husband, Edgar Bernhard, '20, JD '21,* a Chicago attorney.li john A. Logan is presiden t of the N a­/onal Association of Food Chains in Wash­s�gton, D.C. Mrs. Logan was Dorothea Hal-ead. Both ·sons are graduates of Yale, '49.DECEMBER, 1950 John, Jr., is teaching American diplomatichistory in Yale. He is a fellow workingon his Ph.D. Jerry is teaching generalscience and English in Palm Beach, Florida.On campus Jo�n was business managerof the Senior Vaudeville.Mabel G. Masten, MD '25, is professorof neuropsychiatry in the University ofWisconsin Medical School in Madison. Shehas been on the faculty twenty-five years.Reunion comes during final examinationperiod or she would be back. Mabel' wasin numerous women's activities includinghockey and basketball.* John D. Morrison is a partner in thecertified public accountant firm of JohnD. Morrison & Company, Marquette,Michigan. He is a member of the councilof the American Institute of Accountants.John attended the 25th and plans to beback for the thirtieth.* Edwin J. Nunn, In '23, is a life insur­ance counselor in Pocatello, Idaho. Hevotes for the reunion 'but is not sure thathe can attend. He was a Glee Club mem­ber.* A. T. G. Remmert, MD '25, is a physi­cian and surgeon in Chicago. He playedin both band and orchestra when hewasn't shooting on the rifle range.'* Ben C. Sher, PhD '34, is a researchchemist in Chicago. His son, David, at­tends the University of Chicago.* H. Ivan Sippy, MD '30, is a specialistin internal medicine. He is on the staffof Wesley Memorial Hospital, Chicago,and assistant professor of medicine atNorthwestern Medical School. He was alieutenant colonel in the Southwest Pa­cific theatre. His daughter is to be mar­ried December 23, 1950. Son, Hall Thomas,is 14. The family lives in LaGrange. Hewas active in Blackfriars, Senior Vaude­ville, the Glee Club, etc.Phyllis E. Taylor lives in Glenview, Ill­inois where she is active in the League ofWomen Voters. Her husband, R. J. Chris­tie, is in the treasury department of theGriffin Wheel Company. David, 11, plansto be a scientist. Phyllis played baseballand hockey.*. Margaret M. Tunison lives in Chicagowhere her husband, William J. Bradford,'22, is president of the W. J. BradfordPaper Co. William, Jr., was graduatedfrom the University of Miami in February,1950, and was married in May. Hisbrother, Judson, is in the College of theUniversity. If Uncle Sam doesn't need him,Judson expects to continue in the Schoolof Business. Margaret was active in manythings including Y.W. and W.A.A.The sad tale of Margaret. Jane Wright:"No news, no marriage, no children, samejob for more years than I care to con­template and I haven't even Changed myaddress. We still live in the same homein Oak Park where I lived when I startedat the University." But she must havemoney. She's with the Harris Trust &Savings Bank. You can't have everything!* Elizabeth D. Zachari, SM '29, lives inAnchorage, Kentucky. She is a consultantin social studies, division of curriculumand research, in the Louisville publicschools.Continued next month.1922Katherine E. Carver, AM, has retiredfrom the department of Latin at IllinoisState Normal University. She is living inNormal. Agnes B. Loudon was recently honoredfor her 25 years of service as principalof Oxford Elementary School, ClevelandHeights, Ohio. Five hundred persons werepresent at the ceremony when she waspresented a silver bowl.1923Carl B. Althaus, AM, PhD '27, of Law­rence, Kansas, resigned last July as execu­tive secretary of the Kansas Associationof School Boards, University of Kansas.J. Hosea George, AM '25, of Bay City,Michigan, is beginning 'his 28th year ashead of the department of astronomy andgeology at Bay City Junior College.Jackson F. Moore has been elected avice president of Goldblatt Brothers, Chi­cago.Egil E. Krogh, MBA '45, divisional vicepresident, manager of the budget floor andassistant general merchandise manager ofMarshall· Field & Company, Chicago, wasrecently elected to the Cabinet of theAlumni Association.1924Lambert J. Case is minister of the FirstUniversalist Church in Denver, Colorado.Edena E. Smith is an interior decoratorin Evanston, Illinois.ScaneLeonard H. Scane, of Baird & Warner,Inc., Chicago, has been named North Cen­tral representative on the apartment com­mittee of the National Association ofBuilding Owners and Managers. He ischairman of the real estate department atRoosevelt. College, where he has taughtreal estate fundamentals, management, andbrokerage for the past several years.Rose E. Parker, AM, who has her Ph.D.from the University of Wisconsin, is di­rector of the division of special educationat the Illinois State Normal University.Lucy Lucile Tasher, AM '32, JD '26,PhD '34; .is a member of the social sciencefaculty at Illinois State Normal Univer­sity.Dwight F. Bracken, AM, is a representa­tive of the National Life Insurance Com­pany of Vermont in Bloomington, Illinois.1925William B. McCollough, JD '26, has beenpracticing law in Birmingham, Alabama,for twenty-five years. He has two sons:William, Jr., 21; and James, 18.25TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory 0DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMidway 3-4200AI.oGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsT. A. REHN9UIST co.VEST. 1929CON eRE T E(;I,;:FLOORS - SIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSINDUSTRIAL FLOORINGEMERGENCY REPAI,R WORKCONCRETE BREAKINGWATERPROOFINGINSIDE WAUS6639 S. Vernon AvenueNOrmal 7-0433BOYDSTON BROS •• I�C.UNDERTAKE�SSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.OAkland 4-0492BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women·s HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering, Gracftful Living to Uni-o versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, Director26 Delmar C. Frey owns and operates TheCamera Shop in Bloomington, Illinois. Onthe side he has a farm. His son, Carl,is six.Jean M. Hess was married to GeorgeSpencer on May 7, 1950. They plan tomove to California about December 1st.They will make a leisurely trip via MexicoCity, where they expect to spend Christ­mas. Last year Jean directed a juniorkindergarten group at Nichols School,Evanston, and supervised student teachersat Northwestern University. She also workedfor and received her AM from Northwest­ern last summer. �1926Twenty-fifth Reunion, June 8, 1951. Todate, III report they plan to return-in­dicated by asterisk (*).':: Wallace W. At,":ood, Jr., is deputyexecutive director of the committee ongeophysics and geography, research anddevelopment board,' Department .of De­fense in Washington, D.C. In the pasttwo years he has' traveled' from Alaska,Greenland, Labrador and Newfoundlandto Europe, South America and the Carib­bean countries. He will be in charge ofthe 17th International Congress of theInternational Geographical Union in 1952to· be held in the United States.':: Sybel A. Beach and her husband, RalphWiltshire, teach in South Shore HighSchool, Chicago; she, home economics; he,physical education. .::: Josephine A. Bedford is the "motherof four-and wife" at Andover, Massa­chusetts. Her husband, Alan R. Blackmer,AM '25, is in adult education and "variousother activities at Phillips Academy" inthat city. Josephine is a Nu Pi Sigmaand was active on the Class, Interclub, andFederation councils.Helen Bevington is assistant professorof English at Duke University. Her hus­band, Merle M. Bevington, is a professorin the same department. In 1950 Hough­ton Mifflin published her: Nineteen Mil­lion Elephants and Other Poems. In 1946she published through the same company:Dr. Johnson's Waterfall and Other Poems.::: Rhea Lucille Brennwasser, JD '27, spenteighteen years as a law clerk to.Judge EvanA. Evans, Senior Judge of the U. S. Cir­cuit Court of Appeals. For the past twoyears she has been. in private practice inChicago ..Clarinda F. Brower, since 1941, has runBurchill Catering Service in El Dorado,Kansas. Her husband, W. W. Burchill, isthe business secretary of the American Le­gion. They have one son, 11.* Bruce E. Brown, JD '28, is a Chicagoattorney with Martin, Ullman & Brown.His son, Bruce, Jr., is a second year stu­dent in the College of the University.:;: Elizabeth H. Chapman has taught his­tory in the Woodlawn High School, Birm­ingham, Alabama, since 1927. She has herA.M. from Columbia (1932). Her thesis:"Changing Huntsville, [Alabama]" ran sixmonths as a serial in the Huntsville Times.She has written high school pageants,taught. a Bible class for nearly 15 yearsand is past president of the departmentof social studies of the Alabama Educa­tion Association.:(: Dorothy V. Cornell has been teachingin Detroit since 1930. Her husband, JohnN. Ahearne, is a Ford salesman.::: Seward A. Covert heads Seward Covertand Associates, public relations counselorsin Cleveland, Ohio. Sounds like a naturalfor a former cheerleader, who was in every Blackfriar show, manager of numerousactivities, member of all the honor so'cieties, and active in numerous other sW­dent organizations.::: John W. Day, JD '28, is an attorney 011'LaSalle Street. He lives in Winnetka andhas three daughters,: 13, 12, and 9.Clifton J. Ecklund and his wife, MiriaJl1L. Buettell live in Dubuque, Iowa, whe�ehe is president of the Thermo Electrr­Manufacturing Co. They have one daugh:ter, Nancy Lou, 17..::: Rudolph Edelstein, MD '31, is a Chi'cago physician and ..surgeon. His daughter,12, attends the University laboratoryschools.::: Pauline Elliott (Mrs. Shadko) lives InTrenton, Michigan, where her husbandis a baker ("Go_od one, too."). They hav�four girls ranging from 15 to six, all musl'cal like their mother-who sings in thechoir, is secretary in the Music Club, andteaches in Sunday school.0::: Carol H. Garbe is psychological Col1-sultant to the public schools of Barrington,Illinois. She spends her summers in Aspenwhere she is a member of the women'shoard of the Aspen Institute of HumanisticStudies. Her husband is Samuel :M.Mitchell, '25, JD '27, an attorney with the'Chicago firm of Bell, Boyd, Marshall kUoyd. .Dora Goldstine, AM '31, is associateprofessor of medical social work at theUniversity. "No change. in occupationsince February, 1935. What Iias happenedto your records?". Touche!::: Ethan N. Granquist is vice presidentof the Liberty National Bank of ChicagvHe lives in Hinsdale. On campus he wasactive on everything from the swimmingteam, the Maroon, Blackfriars, and theDramatic Association to the Y.M.C.A. cabi­net and Settlement committees. With allthe manager experiences in these activiticvhe must be doing all right as a banKofficer.* Esther E. Haley (Mrs. H. F. Parker)is a teacher in the Chicago school sys;tern. She was captain of both the girlsbaseball and hockey teams.'" Catherine E. Handmacher plans to joil1the reunion from her home in Great NecK,L.I. Her husband, Joseph Halpert, is amanufacturer in New York. They have tWasons, 20 and 17.* Bernice Hartmann was married June 3,1950 to Charles U. Peeling, a professionalengineer and real estate salesman. Tb_eylive in Camp Hill, Pennslyvania. Bernicewas formerly dean of junior girls at theOak Park and River Forest High SchoolS.To keep her hand in the professionalworld, she now. serves as secretary to b�rhusband. On campus she was active 111W.A.A. (Hockey), Mirror, Y.W.C.A., Inter­Club, and numerous etcs.::: Margaret C. Joseph is married to Hent1'D. Hirsch, '23, whose business is real estateinvestments and chemical manufacturinfThey have two boys (16 and 5) and agirl, 12. They live in Chicago. Marga�etwas very active in athletics and dramatICsduring her four years on the Midway.::: Aaron J. Kraft has been with the lJ.S.Gypsum Co. for 24 years. He is in the sal�Sdepartment in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. BISolder daughter is a freshman at Marquet�eUniversity in Milwaukee. She has a SIS­ter, 13.':: Helen S. Liggett and husband, R. G·Hagey are both members of the Class. fieis director of purchases for the Ohio BO�'board Company- in Rittman, Ohio. Tb�lrson, Graham, is 12. Both were very actI"ion the campus. Helen was president 0Mirror, on the Gargoyle board, and officerTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhn the Y.W., etc. Russell was in all thef onor societies, Intermural manager, in�otba�l and track, president of the Class.,.0unCII, and a lot of other things.'" Effie M. Morse, MBA '45, and brother�re in the contracting business in Detroit.Shall be happy to see members ofmy class"::: Leland I. Neff lives in Arcadia, Cali·rrnia, where he is the regional secretarytor the National Association of Manuf'ac­Urers with offices in Los Angeles. "I fre-quently run into two classmates of '26as well as fellow Phi Kappa Psis: WallaceM. Woehler and Fred Henderson." Leland0gerated in many student affairs includingt e Maroon, Blackfriars, Settlement, and�anager of the Interfraternity Ball.i'. lIe.len Tupper (Mrs. R. M. Burnett)Slves In Chicago and is president of thevOUthwest branch of the League of Womentoters. Her husband is an engineer withIhle Equipment' Steel Products Co. of Bluesand.Leona D. Train of Ravena, N. Y. writesYoung people's books published by Scrib­�er�: Two have been Junior Literaryulld selections: The Bewitched Cavernsand the Dark Pool,' concerning adventureand mystery in the days of the cave man�aUthentic backgrou�d) for .ages 9·14. HerUS?�nd, Robert Rienow, IS' professor ofeOhtIcal science, State University of Newlark.* Arthur N. Turnbull is. a placeme11t and�Ocational counselor with the Chicagooard of Education. He was out for Fresh­�an football and played intermural bas·etban and horseshoes, We wonder if hereUIembers those horseshoe games!d Mynm M. Weaver, PhD '29, MD '32, isUea.n of the faculty of medicine at the*' nlVersity of British Columbia, in Canada., Mrs. Vida B. Wena, SM '27, MD '35,�eports that she is a pediatrician, mother,oUsewife and rancher. She does specialr�search for the Child Development Asso­Clation, is associate professor of pediatrics� Northwestern, a lecturer at Children's� eUI?rial and at the University of Chicago,Rnd IS co-owner and manager of the Mayoi anch in Valley, Wyoming. Her husbandh Peter Wentz, JD '25, an attorney. They8 aVe two children heading toward 12 anda' Al_ld if we have confused any of thisamazIng report, she can straighten you outt the reunion.'.� Louis Winer is president of the Wineru.tnufacturing Company, Hammond, man­I" acturers of men's and boys' jackets6��rato.Jac"). He is also president of thew.</ca�o Council, United Synagoglle. HistIe IS Esther Lepunsky, '31. They havewo daughters: Betty, 14; and Natalie, 11.at Ellis Robyn Wilcox, JD '29, is a patentC tor�ey with the Calculating Machine0°' In. San Leandro, California. He has,ne son who is 14.;� Osborne Williams, PhD, has been teach­\T.ft at the University of Florida, Gaines­t: �, since leaving the campus. The regis­t:tIon is now a record 10,000. He hasl ° children: Diane, 15; and Mary,Ynn, II.� Addison W. Wilson lives in Omahal�ere he is agency manager . for Bankerssal e Company. He should be good as acalesman for he certainly got around on.th lllpus from the Three Quarters Club,t rOUgh Maroon, Phoenix, and Blackfriars,,0 Marshall.�� Earle E. Wilson, MD '33, specialize"sPsychiatry with the Oak Park Neuro­fSychiatric Clinic. He was in military serv­hee from 1942·46. For the next two yearse Was with the Veterans AdministrationDECEMBER 1950, as- a psychiatrist before going into privatepractice. .Ashford M. Wood has his own companyin Los Angeles; The Ash M. Wood Co.(manufacturers' ,agent). He has two sons,16 and 14. The family Iives in Arcadia.Florence Wunderlich teaches French andSpanish at Thornton Junior College inHarvey, Illinois. During the war she wasa WAVE lieutenant assigned to the Officeof Censorship in Miami.Mary Yeoman, of Albuquerque, spenther first year after graduation on aNa·tional Research Fellowship in child study;the second teaching nursery school at theUniversity of California; and all the yearssince "following the army around theworld and raising three children. Herhusband, Harry F. Townsend, is an armyofficer. The children are: Don, 19, a juniorat the University of Illinois; Harriet, 15;and Richard, 13. We hope the childrenare musically inclined as their mother,when she was at Chicago.Continued next month.1927Robert T. Markley, of Western Springs,Illinois, is with the Equitable Life Assur­ance Society of the U. S.Homer D. Mitchell, of Marquette, Michi­gan, is pastor of the First PresbyterianChurch and moderator of the Lake Supe­rior Presbytery this year.1928Albin C. Bro is at the American Embassyin Indonesia. His wife, Marguerite H.Bro, who did work in the Division around1932, and their son, Andrew, left in Octo­ber to join him.Esther G. Goldstein (Mrs. E. G. Gordan),is a real estate broker for W. T. Hollings­worth & Company, Los Angeles.Grace. Caver was recently appointed as­sistant in case work at Western ReserveUniversity'S school of applied socialsciences. She and her husband, MelvinAlexander, a postal employee, live inCleveland with their two small sons.Floyd Hill Davidson visited AlumniHouse recently from his home in Atherton,California. After graduation he enteredthe air corps and in 1931 joined UnitedAir Lines, with whom he has been since,minus four years on leave to help Uncle• Sam. He is now captain of a DC·6 be­tween San Francisco and Chicago. Withthe India-China Air Transport Commandduring the war, he was one of the pilotswho discovered the China pyramids. Theoldest of his two sons is a sophomore inMenlo Park High School. Floyd was cap·tain of the gymnast . team, representedDelta Sigma Phi on the InterfraternityCouncil and worked his way throughschool at the Quadrangle Club.As chairman of the non-partisan JointCivic Committee on Elections in Chicago,John J. McDonough, vice president of theHarris Trust and Savings Bank, was busybefore the elections training volunteerpoll watchers.1929Leon C. Marshall, Jr. is a managemen tengineer in the U. S. Air Force, stationedat the' Pentagon Building; Arlington,Virginia.Helen Eo Marshall, AM, is associate pro·Iessor of social science at· the Illinois StateNormal University. She hasher Ph.D. fromDuke University. TELEVISIONDrop in and see a program.. RADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shopELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators RangesWashers BlanketsSPORTING GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSPopu ler-SvmphoniesFine collection for childrenH ER1IJ1IAI!\lI�5935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3·6700Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler. '33Telephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetabiesDistributors 01CEDERGREEN FROZEN �RESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave.. ChicagoOther PIan's80lton - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracul. - CI.veland"You Might A. Well Have Th. a •• ,"•Old-fashioned.goodness ...New creamysmoothness!Same rich flavor as ice cream made .l n ano ld-Fo sh l o n e d freezer, blended to newcreamy smoothness-that's SWift's Ice Cream!. [SWift & CompanyA product of 7�09 So. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-7400•27Louis F. Zubay, who is now vice presi­dent of the Herriott Trucking Co. with125 trucks' operating east to Buffalo, Pitts­burgh and Youngstown. Actually Louishas never driven a truck, but got intothe business, after working for Santa Feby setting up the Great Lakes Motor Ex­press in 1932 and hiring men with trucksto work for 70 per cent while Louis co­ordinated as operating manager. His boy,Geoffrey Louis Zubay, '50, entered theCollege via University High, where hewas tops in the 660. As a graduationpresent, before he continued in graduatechemistry, dad gave him a west coast tripfor the summer. We haven't had a reporton this trip yet but presumably it workedout O.K. since he had dad's assurance thatif he got stranded he could wire for funds.1930L. Wallace Black is a commander in theU. S. Navy, stationed at the District LegalOffice in Seattle, Washington.Martha Pauline Fredenburg lives inWhiting, Indiana, where her husband,George H. Koe1ling, is a foreman with theStandard Oil Company.Vernon G. Schaefer, AM, is doing workin psychology at North Central College,Naperville, Illinois.Harold L. Richards, AM '33, is superin­tendent of Community High School inBlue Island, Illinois.Blanche McAvoy, PhD, is associate pro­fessor of the teaching of- biological scienceat the Illinois State Normal University.1931Twentieth Reunion, June 8, 1951. To date112 report they plan to return-indicatedby asterisk (*).. Gertrude Axe1s�n is .at the Camera ShopIn Edgerton, WISCOnSIn. She is a photoretoucher. Her husband, Mr. Clarida, is aphotographer.* Betty Messinger Barrett. and husbandMark, JD '32, are both members of theClass. He is an attorney in Chicago. Theyhave a daughter, Ann, 10; and a son,Harold, 7.* Rose 'Betty Baskina lives in Chicagowhere her husband, Harold Corey, is anattorney. They have two daughters: Lynne,in Senn High School; and Gale, 7.>1< Betty Anne Blair lives in Comstock,Michigan, where her husband, Frank W.Herlihy, '30, superintends all the Michiganconstruction of his Chicago company, Her­lihy Mid Continent Construction Com­pany. Betty has been a Girl Scout leaderfor the past five of the 13 years they havelived in Michigan. They have three"scouts" of their own: Joanna, 16; Susanna,11; and Terry, 6. .Abe L. Blinder is vice president of Es­quire, Inc., and President of Ideal Pic­tures, Chicago. Abe got some of his earlytraining for publishing on the board ofthe' Daily Maroon, where he displayedmuch natural talent.E. L. Borkon, PhD '36, MD '37, is aphysician in Carbondale, Illinois. Theyhave a boy less than a year old and agirl nearly 2. "Building a small U. of C.Community in this area."* Andrew J. Brislen, MD '36, was alieutenant in the M.C.A.C. from 1942-46.He is now a cardiologist with the Wood­lawn Hospital in Chicago. He has fiveboys: Drew, 8; Laird, 5; Donn, 3; William,28 President Hutchins when you were seniors in '312; and Joseph, 1. He has been presidentof the Medical Division of the AlumniAssociation. In school he was on the var­sity football and swimming teams.* Arthur R. Cahill is vice president andtreasurer of Montgomery Ward & Co.,Chicago. His wife is Jeannette E. Smith,'32. They lived in Hyde Park for fourteenyears but moved to River . Forest twoyears ago. Douglas is 13, Steven, 10, andSusan, 6.* Florence B. Caird, AM '38, teaches inParker High School and Wilson City Col­lege. Her husband, John B. Caird, is inreal estate-Caird Realty Company. JohnDennis, 10, attends the Harvard Schoolfor Boys in Chicago.* Arthur Carstens, AM '32, and wife,Evelyn M. Katz, are both members of the'Class. He is teaching at the University ofCalifornia at Los Angeles. Is working inindustrial relations. They have threedaughters: Claire, 10; Bill, 8; and Mal­lory, 2.* Marvalene Day, elementary school prin­cipal and supervising teacher in educationfor the Bowling Green State Universityin Ohio.* Inez E. Duke teaches in the Chicagopublic schools. Her husband, HermanTate, '35, is with the Chicago Post Office.They have two children: Eileen, who en­tered our College this fall, and Amy, at­tending the University laboratory schools.* Marjorie O. Eiger, of San Francisco,reports that her oldest daughter, Barbara,will be ready to enter the university nextfall. Suzanne is nearly 15 and Christopheris 12. Marjorie spends her spare time inceramics, painting and writing. Her hus­band, R. F. Brand, is an ardent modelrailroader.* William H. Elliot is a developmentsupervising engineer in electronics withCutler-Hammer, Inc., Milwaukee. He has aboy, 7, and a daughter, 3. "Expecting a dog unless we can think of more reasOPs-for not having one. Hobby, amateur radiO.Member of AlEE, IRE, ESM, ARRL." Ail. those initials? Search us. That's what tileman said. And we might add: Phi BetaKappa.* May Estabrook of Logansport, Indiapa,has retired from school teaching. .* Milton J. Fink lives in Chicago. lIe 15comptroller of the Reflector HardwareCorp. He has three children. His co!1l'P'. troller training carries over to reporti�g.their ages in fractions down to a fourt�·'Since we aren't sure what month this wJlI,appearr we'll round out the figures to tl1enearest round numbers: 9, 6, and 2.':' Two blocks from their home in V'Grange, Maude-Ethel Geary teaches EnglislJin Lyons Township High School. Her hOs,band, E. W. Hodson; is president of t�eHodson Corporation. They have no chll·dren.Julia Goddeyne teaches in the higlJschool at Bay City, Michigan. .Ethel Goldberg, SM '35, PhD '38, 15married to Wendell R. Mullison, PhD' '38.He is a plant physiologist for the DOWChemical Co. in Midland, Michigan. 'Ihe¥have three children.* Harry P. Gordon writes: "Have beellin the Golden West for 14 years ... ba()�to the campus only once, in 1947, but afllmost anxious to return and see all tl1ewonderful changes since our time. Bopeto be able to attend the 20th reunion IIIJune! My wife is associated with me in �llereal estate business. We are subdiViSl0�specialists, handling the sale of large tra�11all over the southland. No children. SO:':rhave all my hair and am in pretty fa�shape considering it has been 20 year;;Looking forward to seeing you next year.* Robert J. Graf, Jr., AM '33, is on t�Bhistory faculty at Purdue University: "Stri,keeping up my missionary status by hoI ting high the lamp of learning in darReSTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINPIndiana. Finding it much easier to explainto rn 1w � c asses why the Politburo acts the\ ay It does than to explain to myselfaVhy my two high-school age step-daughters*ct the way they do."b Martin M. Guon is in the life insurance. ,�si�,ess in Chicago. He puts a ? after theh ,es for a reunion. We hope this meansl11e'llll. be on campus June 8 unless he has aI Ion dollar deal on.h Edith Hausler lives in Los Angeles wheres er husband, G. A. Rigby, is senior per­;nnel technician for the City of Losh ngeles Civil Service Commission. They2 aVe two children; Ida. Kay, 6; and Marty,� Reunion? "We live too far away for;:�,e to say."Gertrude H. Hiltpold teaches secondfrad� in Chicago. She is also a consultantlor Compton's Pictured Encyclopedia. Heraate husband, Albert V, Lloyd, was anCCOuntant and tax specialist.le lIarOld L. Langdon, JD '33, is with theC gal department of Armour & Co., Chi-1�1()' He is married and lives. with his111 e and two children, 3 years, and 5>(. on�hs, in Worth, Illinois.an Lila. M. Leaver is assistant principalB.d student counselor of Osborne (Kansas)Igh School, her home town.th Chester V. Lewis is district manager of111 e West Coast Life Insurance Co. at Car­thel, California. "I would like to encouragethe alumni in promoting and developinga e G�eat Books Program. My wife and IY.�e enjoying it and also leading the third* ar group."el lIannah M. Lindahl is supervisor ofd·ernentary education in Mishawaka, In­f�:na. " 1950 has been a thrilling yearof rn�, for the elementary language booksLa whIch I. am co-author (English Is Our'I, nguage) came off the press."�'IDorothy Lindenbaum and her husband,Se I ton M. Karger, are in the wholesaleis ed and grain business in Milwaukee. Sheeoa member of the third year Great BooksUrse�h ,lIa�et C. Link is a teacher in theL ICago school system. Her husband, John'th Sev�ik, is a physician and surgeon.in ey live in Berwyn. Their son, John, isea the College at the University of Chi-go.nJohn N. Link, AM '36, is chairman ofer� speech department in Chicago's Teach­and Junior College. He travels extensively'I, ,,�onstantly. "No children; bachelor[!]."ag lU�ent P. Long is a manufacturers''I, ent In Kansas City, Missouri.St �obert A. MacNeille is president of theP� Charles (Illinois) Manufacturing Com­'thny. He and his family live in Geneva.111 a ere are five children: Diane, 18 (fresh-'Jean at Connecticut College for Women);no nne, 16; Bob, Jr., 13; Ted, 10; andIVe Ug, .1. Varsity football and swimming* re hIS student activities.Ivh Mary C. Maize lives in Pittsburghpr e�e her husband, J. E. Stinson, is vicesatsldent of H. F. Behrhorst & Son, whole­Ir e grocers. They have two children: Jim,,:," 13;. and Margie, 10.the Marjorie Marcy, whose husband is withIvh Celotex Corporation, lives in Glencoealeere they have purchased a home and'th now busy "doing it over to suit us."l{o�y . have two sons: Kenneth, 9; and'k ert, nearly two.�a :Q.�bert Mayer is vice president ofllisurice L. Rothschild & Co. in Chicago.* SOn is a year and a half old.Cal�Uth. H. Merlin lives in San Pedro;l{o Ornia where her husband, Rudolph�enberg, '35, MD '37, is a physician.Nietrry A. Millman and wife, JeanetteWit sen, are both members of the Class.h their children, Connie, 13, and Don,1950 10, they live in Berkeley, where Harryis doing graduate work in anthropologyat the University of California. Jeanetteis a domestic executive, teaches cello, andwrites. She has a book being publishedin 1951 on euthanasia .* C. H. Pearson has his D.B. from UnionTheological Seminary and his Ed.D. fromNew York University, and is in the min­istry (Berean Baptist) in Washington, D.C.* Florence E. Petzel, AM '34, is an asso­ciate professor at the University of Ala­bama in Tuscaloosa.* Lillian Peterson . lives in Chicago whereher husband, Clifford E. Kline, is a pur­chasing agent. Among her numerous stu­dent activities Lillian was treasurer of theY.W.C.A.Arthur J. Howard is publisher of RuralGravure, the roto section of the CountryPress. He lives in Chicago.'" Julian J. Jackson has a public relationsbusiness in Chicago. He is past presidentof the Publicity Club of Chicago and wasrecently appointed to the board of theAlumni Foundation. He is also a unitchairman of the Community Fund whilehis wife is a vice chairman of the Gray'Lady Service of the Red Cross. On theMidway, Julian was editor of the Phoenix.Theresa Jaffe lives in San Francisco anddoubts that she can make the reunion.Her married name is Goldblatt. Her hus-.band is the national sectional treasurerof International Longshore and WarehouseUnion. They have three children: Ann, 9; ,Lee, 7; and Liz, 5.Charlotte Jensen is teaching in the Chi­cago public schools.* Viola E. Johnson lives in Chicago whereher husband is an accountant. That's allshe put on the card so you'll have toget the rest of the news at ,reunion.'" John M. Kahlert is assistant director ofthe public assistance division of the CookCounty Bureau of Public Welfare, super­vising seven district offices. "Still a bache­lor." He was in the army four years­two in the military government in theOrient.Sinah M. Kitzing (Mrs. Stephen Beames)lives in Oakland which prompts her .toguess she can't make the reunion althoughshe wants to. Miriam is 13; Ruth, 11; andMartha, 8. "At junior high, Miriam putsdown Vassar as the college of her choice,though Chicago appeals, too. She may haveto settle for another U. of C.-California.I hope they can all three spend at leastone year at Chicago for two things, 1) theeducation and 2) the snow, which theyhave never seen in any quantity."'I' Philip Kolb, AM '32, is on the facultyof the University of Illinois at Urbana.He has been decorated with the Croixde Guerre with Palm; Order of LeopoldI (Belgium) for war services, and has pub­lished a book in French (University ofIllinois Press, 1949). The summer of 1948he did research in France and Englandon a grant. Two children: Katherine,nearly 5; and Richard, 3.'" Harold Kruley, JD '33, is a Chicagoattorney. His son, Michael, is nearly 4.Although he questioned whether. or notto vote for a reunion, we starred his namebecause we think, when he hears about theplans, he'll close the office early on June 8!* Ruth V. Lackritz's husband, Ira Bach, isdirector of Chicago'S Land Clearance Com-mission . .They have two children: John, 7;and Callie, nearly 5.* Vivian F. Landstrom of Chicago re­turned her card with a vote for the June8 reunion. She doesn't say what she's doing.This will be something to ask her whenshe walks in.'" Richard O. Lang, AM '32, PhD '36, is w. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANASALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKHAWTINPHOTOENGRAVERSPholo Engrav.,.Artists - Electrotyper.Maker. of PrlntlnQ Plate.538 TelephoneSo. Wells St. WAbash 2-6480POND LETTER SERVICEEverythin« in Letter,Hoovn Type.rltl.1Multlgraphln.Addru80graph 8fnrl ..Hillhe.t Quality 8fnrl ..All PhonesHArrison 7-8118 M ImeOllrapilla.Addrelila.Mallin.Minimum Prl ...418 So. Market' St.ChicagoRESULTS .•.depend on getting the details RIGH7PRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service lor Direct AdvertiaeraChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Cbtcago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-4561E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET-LITHOGRAPHYfine Color Worle A Specialty731 Plymouth CourtWAbash 2-8182CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3-3935"GOOd Printin, 0/ All Descriptio'll'"29an economist for S. C. Johnson ,& Sons,Inc., Johnson wax products, in Racine,Wisconsin. During the summer he was onloan to the E. C. A. to make a specialsurvey of export problems in England, Hol­land, Belgium, France, Switzerland andItaly. His daughter, Nancy, is 10.':' Charles A. Pollak: "Twenty years older,two children, John C., 13, and James D.,8. And a lot of gray hair is about all thenews I have to contribute." He lives inHighland. Park, Illinois. Business: PollakLuminescent Corporation.::: Rosalia Pollak of Chicago writes: "Myhusband [Alexander J. Isaacs, '25, AM '26]practiced law before going into the army.On his return we decided to make hishobby our business [antiques, art objects,rare and out of 'print books]. It is afascinating one. My experience as a buyerat Marshall Field & Co. is useful." Theirdaughter, Jane, is nearly 5. Rosalia wasbusiness manager of Mirror, among otheractivities on campus.* Raymond F. Pontious is vice presidentand co-owner of the Kenwood ErectionCo. of Chicago, erectors of structural steelfor industrial buildings, bridges, etc. Hehas four children: Frank, 14; Tom, 8;Carol, 5; and Dan, 3.* Bessie E. Ream, MBA '39, AM '43, is ateacher and librarian at Crane High Schoolin Chicago.Robert Lee' Shapiro, JD '33, is an attor­ney with his. Chicago firm of Sachs andShapiro on LaSalle Street. He has twochildren, Carole Anne and Barbara Louise.Bob was active in many things on campusincluding Blackfriars, the Handbook, theMaroon and Phoenix. We must get a starin- front of" his name before June 8!::: Frederick M. Silver is a wholesale dis­tributor of plumbing and heating suppliesin Missoula, Montana. He has one young­ster, Jack Howard, 8.* Donald B. Smith, JD '32, is a memberof the law firm of Randall, Smith, Blom­quist & Krawetz in St. Paul, Minnesota,his home town.Bess Sandel, PhD '38, is instructor inspeech at University College. She has pub­lished a humber of books on speech, the most recent: Everyday Speech, a pocketPermabook selling in the thousands onthe nation's bookstands at 35c. Her hus­band is a physician. Her daughter, ShirleyAnn, '39, is married to Joseph D. Kreuger,'38. They have provided Bess with threelittle granddaughters. .Gladys L. Steven is co-owner of a giftshop in Charlottesville, Virginia: The TwoThirteen Shop. She didn't say but wesuspect the other owner is her sister, Mar­vel E. Steven, '28.* Dr. Kent H. Thayer, MD '35, is a physi­cian in Phoenix, Arizona. He has twochildren: Lois Arin, 14; and Kent H.; Jr.,II. Kent played a wicked trombone whenhe was on the quadrangles.* Arthur W. Walz teaches mechanicaldrawing at Lane Technical High School,Chicago. He was president of the ChicagoTeachers Union from 1945-47 (A.F.L.),and has been active in the movemen tfor better schools in Chicago for 17 years."There is no one in the Class of '31 thatI know bu t if you hold a reunion I'lltry to come." After which we guarantee,Art, that there will be and you'll have afine time. You'll be expected.Continued next month.1932William E. Gist announces a son, Wil­liam E. Gist, Jr., arrived August 17 to joinNancy, 20 months old. Bill is office man­ager for the Illinois Employment Servicein Chicago.Fred E. Towsley, of Downers Grove,Illinois, is a geologist in Bolivia, SouthAmerica.James A. Hamilton, SM, is actuary vice­president and treasurer of the Washingtonoffice of The Wyatt Company. He is anundergraduate of Queen's University,Canada, and has a graduate degree fromPennsylvania State College.1933Charles L. Hopkins, of Palo Alto, Calif.,is on the editorial staff of the StanfordUniversity Press."Robert F. Picken, AM, was an Alumni30Jones Lab. completed as you left in '31 Now Administration Building is on left.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHouse VISItor in ear: y October. He. isworking on his Ph.D. in economics whIleholding a position with the Peerless Co�"fection Company in Chicago. He and ?IS,wife spend their spare time remodelirfand redecorating their new home nea�campus. They plan to be permanent mem"bers of the University community.1934John Ambruster is principal of t?eGreendale School, Greendale, Wisconsu"Dallas E. Patt, of Forest Park, Illinois,is a steel salesman in Chicago.Betty M. Bauer, AM, teaches the thirdgrade at Greenwood School, Blue Island,Illinois.-Merelyn S. Pitzele, of Brooklyn, NeWYork, was appointed Chairman of t�eNew York State Board of Mediation IIIAugust. H� has been the "labor editor ofBusiness Week magazine for the last teU'years.1935Paul Gorin is co-rabbi of Temple ShaarcEmeth in University City, Missouri.Frederick H. Bair II, of Stuyvesant, N. " .. ,.is a socio-economic analyst.1936Frank A. Mancina, MBA '38, of Eveleh,Minn., is division manag·er for Cluett,Peabody & Co., Inc.Harold Guetzkow, a member of the Uni'versity of Michigan faculty, has been �p'pointed associate professor of industn�ladministration and psychology at CarnegIeInstitute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Penna.Ethel G. Meyers is principal of theSanders School in Blue Island, Illinois.Tw� prominent young business :rne�in Dallas, Texas have organized a Cbl'cago Club in that city recently: EverettGeorge, district manager for the WalkerManufacturing Co. and Ira G. Corn, '41,MBA '48, director of marketing for th�Dearborn Stove Co., and professor 0marketing at Southern Methodist Univer·sity. Both men were active in studentaffairs when they were on the quadrangles.Mrs., Rose B. Buehler, AM, is associateprofessor of education at Illinois stateNormal University. She has her Ph.D. frofl'lColumbia University.1937Ralph William, AM, is chief of the trail1'ing facilities section of the Veterans Ad·ministration in West Chicago.Charles W. Holt, AM, is principal ofSeymour Junior High School in BIlleIsland. He lives near the University wherehis son, Charles, 13, attends the Univer·sity Laboratory Schools.Charles J. Mighton, PhD, isva che:rnistlaboratory manager for the DuPont Co[ll'pany in Akron, Ohio.Gertrude E. Gscheidle, AM '49, has be'.come the first woman chief librarian of theChicago Public Library.1938Wi!liam C. Cleveland, PhD, profeSSOrof economics at Indiana University since1927, h as become chairman of the depart'ment, succeeding C. Lawrence Christen�OJ1''24, PhD '31, who will devote full tIJl:cto teaching and directing of research IIIeconomics.Sylvia E. Lang was married to ArtbOfRobeson on September 4, 1950. The coupleis living in New York City.Voice of the News, One' ot=the newest and most orig­in�l, approaches to radio reporting,the NBC program "Voices andEvents," is edited by" James F.Fleming, '38.It brings to the air the recorded"Voices and Events" that have beennews for the past seven days.Fleming, as editor-in-chief, esti­lllates that he 'listens to 25 or 30hours of tape recordings that havebeen sent to New York by NBCcrew"s' from places as diverse asKorea' and Paris.Only half an hour's worth can beUsed on the air so the original tapetnusr be edited and reorganized.At present about half of this timeis devoted to reporting from Korea, c,with recordings of, ,the impressions'of the men on the scene. Everyonefrom "G.I.'s" to the "top brass" .hasSOmething to say. ,The rest of the program's time isspent filling out the picture of theWeek's news. Highlights of past pro­grams have included Toscanini con­dUcting a performance of Dixie inRichmond, Virginia, and Jacob Malikspeaking to the United Nations.Fleming, who was appointed editorat the program's inception, is an oldhand at radio reporting. Whileattending the University he com­bined his academic studies with jobsas news and sports announcer onlocal stations.Ca�ary �. Hedges, AM, of Walnut Creek,V. if., will teach first grade in the DiabloIsta School this year. .1I1�a�y Adalene Hope, AM, of LaGrange,J:lal�OlS: is teaching history at the Oakl'l\-Rlver Forest High School.fe }fend R. Pearcy, PhD, is assistant pro­N SSOr of social science at IllinoIs StateO1'mal University.,val\{Yldred A. Constantine, SM, of Chicago,N, s married to James Dingwall, '45, ongl':ve� ber 17, 1949. My Idred is a geo�an �hlC analyst for Encyclopaedia Brit-',nlca.Of�tty Booth (Mrs., Harold Rosenwald),tel' ew York City, writes that her daugh-2<)' Martha (Mardie), was born February4, 1950.1939th;ermaine L. Klaus, AM, is chairma; ofCOlllanguage department at State Teachersege, Shippensburg, Penna.B�arold L. Boisen, AM, is librarian atIndt�er University Library, Indianapolis,lana.FeLloYd H. Chadbourn, MBA, is with the�eral Board of Health in Denver, C<,)10.Co 01 M. Rashal was married to Jean M.ps Idstein on August 7, 1949. Sol is aR Ychologist for the Human Resources�earch Laboratory in Washington, D.C.eo Seren, PhD '42, has crossed theDECEMBER 1950, continent diagonally, from Reed College,Portland, Oregon, to Florida State Uni­versity, Tallahassee, where he is now as­sistant professor of physics.1940John C. Moffitt, PhD, superintendentof schools of Provo, Utah, will serve asDistrict Governor for Rotary Internationalfor 1950-51.Sidney J. Be-Hannesey is practicing lawin Chicago. He has his own offices at39 S LaSalle Street.George Naylor, AM, has been appointedmanaging director of the Herriman FarmSchool, Rockland County, New York.Margaret B. Cairn-cross', AM, is dean ofwomen and associate professor of psy­chology at Carroll College, Waukesha,Wisconsin.Joseph H. Drivanek recently opened hisoffice for the practice of general dentistryin Riverside, Illinois.1941Tenth Reunion, June 8, 1950. To date 92report they plan to return-indicated byasterisk (*).':: Janet S. Adams lives in Chicago whereher husband, Alan Gewirth, is assistantprofessor of philosophy at the University.In the spring his book,. Medieval PoliticalPhilosophy, will be published by Colum­bia University Press. They have two chil­dren, Jimmy, nearly 4, and Susan, oneyear.>I< Shirley Akerman, AM '42, PhD '50, isan instructor in the social sciences at theUniversity of Illinois Navy Pier, Chicago.She is married to Charles A. Bill, '28.Harold L. Aronson, Jr., LLB '42, wasmarried to Jeanne Iris Bederman onSeptember 30, 1950, in Glencoe, Illinois.* Harriet F. Augustus and husband,Frederick L. Swanson, are both membersof the Class. "We enjoy our little houseat 7530 Constance Avenue; albeit thereis a lot of lawn cutting, snow shoveling,etc. We enjoy, too, continuing for thefourth year as co-leaders in a Great Booksdiscussion program."* Robert R. Bigelow, MD '43, specializesin surgery, is a member of the AmericanBoard of Surgery and American College ofSurgeons, and has a private practice inOak Ridge, Tennessee. He is an army vet­eran and has been . married six ,years toa nurse from Duluth. Robert, Jr. is four;Mary was 3 months when he wrote inOctober. "Would like to see any of theclass who come down to visit the Smokies."Address: 119 Everest.>I< Lloyd A. Bimson is a banker in Phoenix,Arizona. He has three children.* Richard V. Bovbjerg, PhD '49, is teach­ing in the department of zoology at Wash­ington University, St. Louis. He is mar­ried to Diana Doutt, '45.Arthur C. Connor, MD- '43, and his wife,Selma I. Renstrom, are both 'members ofthe class. He is resident physician with theWhite Cross Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.Barbara Diane is nearly 'six, Arthur, 4,and Eric, a year and a half.,!: Bliss Forbush, AM '47, headmaster ofFriendsSchool in Baltimore, says, yes, he'llbe back for reunion: "Any excuse to getto the University."::: George B. Girton is with Swift andCompany, Chicago. He has one youngster,George Denison.Amy F. Goldstein, whose husband, Joseph 3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince I9201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYw. call/orand d.li".r3 ·HOUR SERVICEBIRCK�FELLINGER CORP'.ExclusiveCleaners & Overs200 ,E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth '6-5380SARGEN·T'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical, Drug Store for 98 YearsChicago's most completeprescripfion stoclc23 N. Wabash Avenu'eChicago. 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Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisSTENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine shorthand. Lesseffort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,1.vrite or phone for data.Br�.ant� SnattonCO�EGE18 S. MICHIGAN AVE. Tel. RAndolph 6·1575LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR FREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISaut·,.rtleld 8-0111,DAVID L. SUTTON. Pres.32 M. Philipson, is a chemical research en­gineer, writes from Temple City, Cali­fornia: "Ten years - I am astounded­where did the time go? Temple City isa small town outside of Los Angeles wherethere are no sidewalks or street lights andlots of chickens." David is 5, Alice 3, andRobert, approaching one. Business: "Lotsof taking care of babies. Why not a re­union in Los Angeles?"::: Mary Hammel lives in Joliet, Illinois,where her husband, Richard A. Davis, iswith a bio-chemical products company."Dick is an organized reserve navy pilotand I'm an air navigator associate withthe same squadron at N.A.S., Glenview,Illinois. We hope our lives can continueas is."::< George W. Hand is an attorney in In- -dianapolis. Patsy is nearly 5.':' John M. Howenstein is in the insur­ance business in Topeka, Kansas. "Willshortly be moving back to Chicago."John P. Jefferson, who left for theKorean war zone early this fall as a foreigncorrespondent for (Columbia BroadcastingCompany, was injured in a plane crashOctober 12. Three crew members werekilled and two other newspapermen wereinjured. Jack suffered burns and a brokenleft leg. He is recovering in the Ashiya,Kyushu, Air Force Hospital in Japan. In­juries are not considered serious. Jacksent greetings from the hospital and wishedhe could be at the reunion.::: Otto J. Kralovec is construction super­intendent for John F. Cuneo, Chicago.Otto III is nearly four and Etta nearlythree.':' Walter K. Kurk, whose wife is AliceLee Boren, '43, is a sales agent in Goshen;Indiana.Jeanne. Lazarus is married to Robert S.Shane, '30, PhD '33. Their home is inRochester, New York. They have a boy,13, and two girls, 9 and 2 months lastOctober.* Hattie Lowe (Mrs. R. L. Pierce) livesin Valparaiso, Indiana, where she is activein all manner of civic affairs including thepresidency of the League of Women Voterswith all its committee ramifications. Shehas a marired daughter in California, an­other in Valparaiso, and a son in Gary.::: Robert P. McNamee, JD '47, recentlyopened his own law office in San Jose,California. "Would like to get back for areunion in June if at all possible."* Margaret M. Mikkelsen lives in Stock­ton, Illinois. Her husband, G. E. A1zeno, isa dentist. Peggy Ede1 is nearly three;Kristie Diane was only four weeks oldwhen Margaret wrote in early October.Mary Jane Morrison is married to Rob­ert F. Palmer, an industrial designer andengineer. They live in Royal Oak, Michi­gan. Robert is 3 and Pamela, 3.::< James H. Murr and wife, Cynthia Dur­sema, live in Cleveland's new suburbandevelopment, Bay Village, Ohio. Jim isa salesman with General Mills, Inc. Cyn­thia writes: "We have had a busy, pleas­ant four years in Bay Village. Betweenbeing vice president of our local theatregroup and a member of the board of theLeague of Women Voters; I manage tofully enjoy my daughter (8) and Jimmy,Jr. (4). We always welcome seeing ourU. of C. friends and try to make an an­nual visit to the campus." Jim, incidentally,is chairman of the Board of Zoning Ap­peals in the Village.':' Lawrence S. Myers, Jr., PhD '49, is achemist with the Argonne National Labo- ratory. His wife, Janet Vanderwalker, re­ceived her bachelor of science in geographYin 1948. She started with the Class of '41-David Lee is 5.PercyCharles H. Percy, president of Bell andHowell Co., producers of movie cameras,and a member of the. Board of TrusteeSof the Illinois Institute of Technology,was married to Lorraine Guyer, of Alta­dena, in August. The couple sailed fof IHawaii on their honeymoon.'" Glenn L. Pierre, MBA '46, is a businesSengineer with the Illinois Bell Company,Chicago. His wife is a graduate of theUniversity of Michigan. They were m�f­ried in 1949. Susan Louise was born In1950.* Margaret Watennan Powell of Michi­gan City, Indiana, must have a fascinatingexistence. She owns The Camellia Shop,an exclusive specialty shop (hats, bridal­wear, imported gifts, etc.). She has wonseveral prizes for paintings in oil, watefcolor, and block printing at the Hoosi�rSalon in Indianapolis, at the State FaIr,and other Indiana shows. She has alsOgained recognition for her leather, weaving,and jewelry work. She finds time for manycivic activities including stage director fofa children's theatre work shop. Her sonis a high school honor student and haShad his own radio program for threeyears.When the Class of '41 news poll w�staken in October, James L. Ray, who is Inreal estate and insurance, was on a round­the-world trip with his wife and son,Bobby, 1 year. He is due back for Christ­mas.'" Herbert E. Ruben, JD '47, is a Chicagoattorney. His wife is Marilyn PorterRuben, '46.::: James A. Schoenberger, MD '43, is �ninstructor in medicine at the Universi'Yof Illinois Medical School, Chicago. Biswife, Sally Cotter Schoenberger, is of theClass of '46.Thomas A. Sebeok is a professor at In­diana Univerisiy in Bloomington. He wasmarried in 1947 and they have one daugh­ter, five months old in October, 1950.W. H. Robert Smith, MBA '50, is Chi­cago plant manager for the Zonolite (in­sulation) Company. "Married on Septem­ber 4, 1946. Expecting in April, 1951."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDemetri M. Spiro is an attorney on La­San� Street in Chicago; an instructor inbUsIness law at Roosevelt College; director�f the law student program, American Bar1 Ssociation; and an officer in the U.S.A.R ..Udge Advocate General Corps. .; Sara Jane Statham returned in the fall�orn seven weeks in Europe. She is asso­C�ate director of the Library of Interna­tlonal Relations, Chicago.*. EHis P. Steinberg, PhD '47, is a chemist�It? the. Argonne National Laboratories,hlcago. Sheryl Diane is 4; David ap­proaching 1.R Lois E. Whiting is. married to vice-consulobert H. Harlan, '40,· JD '42. They weretec.ently transferred to Tripoli. They ac­qUIred two adopted daughters in 1950, oneeleVen years, the other nine months.Seth Lee Szold is married to Helen R.n.�Vis, '33. They live in Highland Park,]lhnois. Seth is vice president and treas­�rer of the Edwal Laboratories Inc., manu-acturers of chemicals, in Ringwood, Illi­nOis.* JOhn C. Willard lives in LaSalle, Illi-11:0is, where he is an instructor in chemistryand director in audio-visual education. He�eceived his SM in education and biochem­Ilstry at the University of Illinois in August,950.* R.ichard B. Wilson lives in Oak Lawn,IllinOis. Business: Sommer Personnel SyS"tern.", lIatten S. Yoder, Jr. is a petrologist int�e geophysical laboratory of Carnegie In­StItUtion, Washington, D. C. He has hisphD. from MIT (1948) and is a Sigma Xi.fIe IS also a lieutenant commander in thenaVal ·reserve.Continued next month.1942S �rs. Josephine B. Peek is a psychiatric°CIal worker in Brooklyn, N. Y..: Margery I. Tanner, AM '47, was mar­�Ied to Hiram C. Whitcomb on July 3,i49. She is a case work supervisor for thetavelers' Aid Society, Chicago.lfarris B. Jones, MBA '49, writes that�ary Susan was born October 3, 1950. HerSister Barbara is 4. The family lives in�ane, Penna., where Harris is administra­Or of The Community Hospital.Donald D. Panarese is engaged to belllarried to Genevieve Cacciatore of Chi­cago. The wedding is scheduled for De­�e�ber 30, 1950. Miss Cacciatore, who re­nlved her bachelor of laws degree fromf ePaul University, is practicing law in herD-ther's real estate company in Chicago.f onald received his doctor of laws degree/Olll DePaul and is associated with At­.orney David Chesrow of Chicago. DonaldIS Vice-president of West-End Fuel Com­�;ny and secretary of the Justinian SocietyAdvocates.1943'te Gerrard V. Herrbach, of Minneapolis,S cently returned from France, where helent the summer attending lectures at thedorbonne, and Italy, where he spent tenways. He is now continuing his graduaten ork in French at the University of Min-esota.d SUe Reading is employed in the editoriali epartment of Scott, Foresman & Companyn Chicago.C George E. Wilkerson, Jr., of Denver,COlorado, is a lieutenant in the Medicalorp. Reserve.JaCob Van Staaveren, AM, recently re-bECEMBER 1950, turned to Japan with the Economic AffairsDivision, Civil Historian Section of SCAP,GHQ, to help write the history of theoccupation of Japan.William K. Fox, former faculty memberof the' Tennessee Agricultural and Indus­trial College, Nashville, has been namedminister of the Centennial ChristianChurch, St. Louis, Mo.Ruth L. Russell, of Indianapolis, Indiana,was married to E. Thomas Colosimo onAugust 6, 1949. Ruth is attending IndianaUniversity Law School.1944Maxine Gardner, AM '47, is a socialworker for the Jewish Social Services, In­dianapolis, Indiana.Frederick L. Hiegert, MD '45, is a resi­dent surgeon at Mercy Hospital, Canton,Ohio.Elihu H. Fein, �M '46, is professor ofphysics at Fisk University" Nashville, Tenn.John J. Ondrejcin, who received his PhDin physical chemistry from the Universityof Illinois this year, has' joined the re­search staff of the DuPont Company'sPolychemicals department in Wilmington,Delaware.Jack C. Berger, MD '46, of Oak Park,Illinois, is a lieutenant in the 1st MarineDivision.Robert E. Ledbetter, Jr., PhD '50, andMrs. Ledbetter, of Austin, Texas, announcethe arrival of a daughter, Dorothy Hagen,on August 15, 1950.Edward H. Pate, MBA, of Kansas City,Kansas, is owner of the remote studios forradio station KCLO and Twin City Adver­tising Agency, Kansas City, Missouri.Daniel K. Billmeyer, MD '46, is a cap­tain in the Medical Corp., now serving. overseas.1945Marshall B. Eyster is a zoology instructorFat Southwestern Louisiana Institute, Lafay­ette, Louisiana.Eleanor K. Hipple, AM '48, is teachingat the University of Illinois, humanitiesdivision.Geneva E. Gordon, AM, is a counselorin family life education for the HealthEducation Department, City Schools, SanDiego, Calif.Rose "M. Dekker, AM, was married toA. R. Van Dyken, PhD '50. Rose didn'tgive us a date in her note, but said shewas teaching art at the Chicago Christianhigh school and English at the grammarschool.1946Josephine Rasmussen, AM, is a medicalsocial worker with the Evanston, Illinois,Hospital.Jimes A. Reddick, PhD '50, joined thefaculty of the school of theology of theUniversity of. the South, Sewanee, Tenn.,this fall as instructor in church history.Odette C. Ewell, AM '50, was married toRobert L. Martin on August 27. Odetteteaches elementary school in Chicago.Paul F. Sutton is section director for theIllinois, U .. S Weather Bureau in Spring­field.Jacqueline B. Walker, AM, is teachingat Crummell School in Washington, D. C.Rita A. Robinson, SB '50, and WilliamW'. Keefer, '49, both of Chicago, are therecipients of a grant made by' the DanishMinistry of Education for a year's graduate 1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VESETABLESWE DELIVERLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKETSUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, bac:k of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, an.d warts.Men--and Wome-nLOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' experienceAlsoSraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone - FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATIONEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902Yards All Over Town9UALITY COALS AND FUEL OILSGeneral Offices342 N. Oakley Blvd.All Phones - SEeley 3-4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wallon's Coal Makes Sood-or­Wasson 008133Real Estate and In8uf'ance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3·2525q;g�\:iV1UCl'R1CAI. SUP,.,Y co.Distributors, Mlnullcturars Ind Jobbars '.,ELECTRICAL MATERI'ALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewood 4-7500Phones OAkianGi 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old Reliabl.Hyde Park Awnins Co.INC.Awning. and Canopi •• for All Purpo •••4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePENDERCetch· Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps1545 E. 63RD STREET6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4.0510PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 631D STIEET��COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-6324Lunches: 45c, up; .Dinners: $1.25-$2.25Since1895SURGEONS'INSTRUMENTSof ALL TYPESEQUIPMENT and FURNITUREfor OFFICE and HOSPITALAll Phones: SEeley 3·2180V. MUELLER & CO.320-408 S. HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS34 study at the American Graduate School inDenmark.Patricia Glenn Monser was married toRalph Graves, Jr., of New York City, atthe Park Avenue Christian Church on Oc­tober 14, 1950. In the absence of herfather and mother, who are with the U. S.Embassy in Cairo, the bride was given inmarriage by her brother-in-law, John P.Howe, '27� John'S wife, Barbara Mouser,'44, sister of the bride, was the matron ofhonor.1947Virginia A. Mainzer was married to Rob­ert E. Feagans August 24, 1949. Virginiais a nursery school assistant at EasternNew Mexico University, Portales, NewMexico.Bernard G. Ziv, Jr., is a. stockbroker. withMerrill, -Lynch;' Pierce, Fenner & Beatie, ofChicago.Aurilla P. Dwyer, of Chicago, was mar­ried to' Alfred D. White on August 31,1950.Ethel M. Weiss is in London studying tobecome a nurse.At Pitti' PalaceEd Maser Carl and StellaTheana Brotsos OdenkirchenAfter completing her masters in art lastMarch, Theana A. Brotsos, '45, AM '50,traveled to the Continent to visit England,France, Italy and Greece, from May toSeptember. IIn Paris she was surprised to meet afellow art department student, DonaldBaum, '46. When she arrived. in Florence,a mecca for art students, she overtook twoother fellow art classmates; Edward A.Maser, AM '48, and Stella Goldberg, '45,AM '48, whose husband is Carl Oden­kirchen, AM '47. He is a student ofRomance languages and in Italy on aFulbright Scholarship as, also, was EdwardMaser.Another Fulbright scholar in Florence atthe time, but not available for the reunion,was Hal T. Wilmeth, AM,' '48. 'Roberta Unger, of New York City, hasrecently returned from a two years' stayin England, where she studied at the OldVic Theatre School. Walcott H. Beatty, AM, and his wHC'�(Gloria B. Schiller, '45), announce thebirth of a daughter, Susan Elise, allAugust 14.Russell H. Meyers, SB '48, of Hyattsville,Maryland, is a mathematic consultant .a�the. Marine Corp. Institute CorrespondenceSchool in Washington,"'D. C.Carl E. Thorkelson is', in the sales de'partment of the Automatic Transportati's"Co., merchandise moving and lifting llifa<"chinery. The compariy is· a Chicago firtll'·Norman Barker, Jr., has 'been called badtinto the navy from his position at theHarris Trust and Savings ': Bank, Chicag�He will be with the U.S.S. Forrest Roy-a.1•His wife, Mabel Keefe, '44,. will remain Ii)\)Chicago with their two children, Peter, 2.and Timothy, three months. Norman is �member of the Senate of the College Di\v1'- sion of the Association.It was pretty �uch an all-Chicago afbi;when Gail Ruth Sparks, '48, was marire'to John H. Ba,uman, MBA '47, on Octobeil'27, 1950.", .The young, couple will live '�i�8243 Ingleside Avenue, Chicago. Gail Rllt�'Sparks' father is Denton H. Sparks, '16.William R. Oostenbrug and his wife,(Elizabeth ,R. Headland, '44), wrote -in �c·tober saying their "little guy," Paul GerOt,is 5Y2 months old. Betty's mother, (M�'garet Fenton, '15), is on a trip to NeW!England and plans to live in Chicago of!her return.Ruthevelyn Pim, AM, was married �@'Frederick D. Zwick, Jr., on September 23,1950, in Chappaqua, N. Y. The couplelive in West Orange, New Jersey.Allen B. Lewis, JD '48, a stockbroker andlawyer for Bache & Company, Chicago, wa�married to Sandra K. Lewis; '49, on ]anti·ary 2, 1949.Henry F. Eaton (Einstein) was marriedto Barbara Jean Feder in Shaker Heigbt�,Ohio; on August 29, 1950. The bride !S,a graduate of Connecticut College fOf. Women. They will live in Shaker HeightS.1948. Joseph. r, Fearing, III, was married to·Margaret Elizabeth McLain on August 2�'1950, in Greeley, Colorado. Miss McLa�f!taught in the University nursery school !f!', the summer of 1946.Elizabeth Clifford" of Geneseo, Illinois"was married to James H. Terry, editor and!publisher of the Geneseo Republic, on sep'tember 10, 1950.Carolyn R. Switt, of Bloomfield, N. J'is teaching j unior and senior Englisb atRosemary Hall in Greenwich, Conn.Nancy N. Kerr, daughter of Willialll :0.Kerr, '25 and Laura N. Kerr, '25, was :rnar',ried to, Daniel T. Carroll on Sep tember .1in Chicago.David A. Dietz, of New York City, is �member of the staff of Dun & Bradstreet sDun's Review.Clarence R. Anderson, MBA '50, is doing'industrial research at the Industrial Rela'tions Center, Chicago. This fall, he is aIS;!teaching a night school course at Nort'Park Junior College.Jack L. Ferguson was in the office _if!October to take out a Life MembersbIp"After two years of graduate work I�anthropology, he now plans to join h�father's firm: the Ferguson Pontiac Co. IeChicago. A little later in the year Jac,will go to Flint, Michigan, to take th�General Motors' Institute training program to prepare for a dealership.Clifford L. Lillo is an electronic engineerTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN,B,fO�eneral Mills in Minneapolis, Minn.. Unney B. Lawson, AM, has been ap­bOl�ted. �nstruc�?,rc �� �n&lish at D�niso�unIVerSIty; . GtariviI1e;" Ohm: 'He dId hISs ndergraduate work at Alford and willOOn complete his PhD at Northwestern..�iIliam N. Finkelstein, '48 (left), of the,cepartment of geography and William C.o{ayson, SB '50 (right) of the department'50 physics, together with Edward J. Olsen,C' of geography, spent the summer ine reenland with a U. S. Weather Bureauf �PI edition. Grayson is now at Duke on ae o'Wship.1949to Frank E. Norton, Jr., AM, was marriedo Flora Ann Dolton, of Mundelein, Illinois,h n August 5. The couple will make their°nte in O'Donnell, Texas.f James R. Squires, AM, is a teachingellow at Harvard University.l} JosepJi E. Norris, MD, of Washington,'su C., is the medical officer of a navalA Pply and research expedition to theretic.o William E. Hummel, MD, is a resident�thopedist at Emanuel Hospital, Portland,regon.is M:argaret I. Liston, PhD, of Ames, Iowa,III a professor at Iowa State College, homearketing departmen t.c �iIliam Stix Schwab, Jr., expects to re­\ZlVe his MBA in February from thelJ �arton School Graduate Division of thenlversity of Pennsylvania.R Frank G. Pickel, PhD, now studying inclo�e, has been appointed instructor in�asslCS at Washington University, St. Louis,0,Lincoln Y. Reed is minister of the Con­tregational church of Washington Park,enver, Colorado.a Antonio R. Sarabia, JD, was honored atc reception, under sponsorship of the Mexi­nan-American Council of Chicago, as thefr1'St Mexican-American to be graduated°nt a law school here.at kerwin Rudolph Sikora, SM, is teachingQUincy College, Quincy, Illinois.at l':thel Todd, SM, is a director of nursesh the U. S. Marine Hospital, Boston,,·tass.Of })onald J. Leiffer, AM, completed a yearc: teaching with the Navaho Service intu1'own Point, New Mexico and has re-rned to Chicago to work on his doctorate.1950a Shannon C. Powers, MBA, was recently. PPOinted general sales manager of RussellbECEMBER 1950, Electric Company, Chicago.Estelle H. Levow, AM, was married toLeon Stein on August 27, 1950, in Brook­lyn, N. Y. Estelle is studying Latin andGreek at Yale and her husband, who, re­ceived his Master's degree from Yale, isnow studying economics,Harriet Campbell, daughter of Mr. andMrs. Donald Campbell (Kathleen Foster,'20), was mar ired to William Cave, of Se­attle, Washington, on .March 25, 1950.The couple live in Richland, Washington.William R. Brandt, JD, has opened hisown law office in Bloomington, Illinois.Emily T. Sameth, AM, was married toAaron Shaffer on August 20, 1950, inChicago.Rodney Ring, AM, has been appointedinstructor in the department of religionand philosophy at Muhlenberg College,Allentown, Penna.Bernard Barash, MD, of Forest Hills,N. Y., and Henry M. Gelfand, MD, ofFlushing, N. Y., started their internshipsat a Public Health Service Hospital inAugust.Rosine K. Loshkajian, AM, is a socialcaseworker for the Family Service Bureauof the United Charities, Chicago.Morris D. Schneider, PhD, is' a researchmicrobiologist in the U. S. Army, stationedat the Food and Container Institute inChicago.Ralph W. Plummer, PhD '97 (Rush), ofPhiladelphia, died August 29, 1950, at theage of 75, at Hahnemann Hospital, NewYork City, where he was medical directorfor IS years.S. Frank 'Russell, '01 (Rush), died at hishome in Macomb, Illinois, on May 9, 1950.William H. Rendleman, '04 (Rush), diedNovember 14, 1949, in Davenport, Iowa.Charles R. Howe, '04, of Los Angeles,died of a heart attack on July 1, 1950.Annie Ross, PhM '05, died after a linger­ing illness, last August in Flushing, N. Y.,at the age of 6S. She taught in the Flush­ing High School for 33 years.Ella H. Stokes, PhD '10, of Oskaloosa,Iowa, died February 23, 1950.Winston Patrick Henry, '10, of Houston,Texas and Magnolia plantation, nearHouma, Louisiana, died at his plantationat the age of 62, September 26, after alingering illness. He had been in the oilbusiness. Winston's three brothers are alsoChicago alumni: Robert, '02, JD 'OS; Wil­liam, '19, and Huntington, '06.Charles F. Glore, '10, Chicago investmentbanker and partner of the firm of Glore,Forgan & Company, died at the St. Luke'sHospital iri October.. He was active innumerous civic and Universitv affairs, in­cluding a trustee of the Cancer ResearchFoundation.John Lewis Cherny, '11, of Independence,Iowa, died February �l, 1949.Edwin H. Sutherland, PhD '13, died ofa heart attack on October 11, 1950, at theage of 6S. He was professor of sociology atIndiana University for 15 years, following BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING .. CO.24-HOUR SERVICE . \,1'1IJCENSED "'. BONDEDINSURED ,QUALIFlED WELDERS.'. HAymarket 1·79171404-08 S. Western' AY.�.· ChicagoSince 1878'HANNIBAL, INC. 1U pholsfers '.Furnifure Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln' 9·7180ASHJIAN' BROS., Inc.I.TABU.HID •••Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED aDd REPAIR�ri1066 South Chic... Phone Kqent 4-6000A. T. STEWART LUMBER CO.QuaUty and ServiceSince J888'79th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones Vincennes 6-9000Platers- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD. SILVER. RHODIUMSILVERWARElepal,ed, le" .. ' ... ed, I.'acqu.,'"SWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. W.bash Ave. CEntral 6-6019-90 ChlcaooAjax Waste Paper Co.2600.2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of ' Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroft. ROckwell' 2·625235RICHARD H •. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING Ie DECORATING1331W. J.ckson Blvd. TelephoneMOnroe 6-3192TuckerDecorating Service13:60 East 70th StreetPhone .. Midway 3-4404GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Pai�ting-D.corating-Wood Finilhing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3' 86HYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING. B'RICKandCEMENT WORKREPAI'RIN6 A SPECIALTY;;', 5341 S. Lake 'Park Ave.Tel.phone DOrchester 3-1·579TELEPHONE TAylor 9-5455.0' CALLAGHAN. BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.P hone: SAginaw 1-3202FRA:N,K CU'RRA.NRoofing & InsulationLeall.· Rt,paired . .Free Eatimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.7711 Luella Ave.36 5 years at Chicago, 6 years at Minnesotaand 7 years at Illinois,Grace C. Speaker '14, (Mrs. William ·A.Wilkinson), • died September 21, 1950, inMemorial Hospital, Wilmington, Delaware.Eugene F. Willjams, '17, vice presidentof the All-State Insurance Company, diedat his home in Winnetka, after a IOJ;tgillness, in late October.Mary E. Sheahan, '18, of Chicago, diedJune 23, 1950.Edward B. Mittelman, PhD '20, died athis home in Washington, D. C;, on Septem­ber 25, 1949.Olive M. Northen, '23, died April 6,1950, in Chicago, .Illinois.Amos A. Hovey, AM '23, PhD '�O, pro­fessor of government and history at BatesCollege, died at the age of 67 in Lewiston"Maine, on August 19, 1950.William C. French, AM: '24, died at hishome in Gaithersburg, Maryland, in June,1950.Guy A. Buzzard, SM '24, died. at hishome in Emporia, Kansas, on August 23,1950.Donald E: Hackett,' '26� died' from aheart attack on July 10, 1950. At the time()f. his death he was assistant postmasterat Whitewater, Wisconsin. He had taughtschool previously. He is survived by hiswife and daughter, Barbara, a senior inhigh school.Edward Alexander Fox, SB '26, died Sept­ember 13, 1950, in his home in Oak Park;Illinois. Mrs. Fox is the former Mary E;Templeton, . PhB' '26.Isabel Jarrell, '26, a kindergarten in­structor in St. Petersburg, Florida, died atOrangeburg, South Carolina, August 26,1950.Frederick W. Meier, '27, of Baton Rouge,Louisiana, died on July 4, 1950.John F. Harris, AM '30, died of a heartattack on July. 9, 1950, in Dallas, Texas.He had been prominent in Boy Scout andYMCA activities.Margarethe E. Janssen, '31, died at herhome in Peoria, Illinois, on December 21,1949.Elinor D. Schneider, SM '32, of Pasadena,Calif., died January 2, 1950.The first casualty in the alumni familyfrom the Korean War which has been re­ported to this office is. Lt. Col. ByronDeLos Magee, '36, of Carmel, California.He was with the Field Artillery and waskilled in action August 22, 1950 .Mary T. Pazdera, AM '37, died at herhome in Iowa City, Iowa, on September 9,1950.sending in your address changespromptly. We get cards saying«Where is my Magazine?" It'is usually on our no-longer-at»this-address table.DON'T OVERLOOK ...THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZI.N�T elephon. KEnwood 6-1352.=�I1. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh Stree!tChicago 15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLGolden Dirilyte(101'''''''':1 Di .. itlol")The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - N01' PLATEDComplete sets and open sioekFINE BONE CHINA. Aynsley, Royal. Crown Derby, 'Spod. a�d IDther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsO'Ctysbl. Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSr Dirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4. I'll. 'Helping the world get its bearingsALL THE WORLD MOVES ON BEARINGS - bearings of steel,of wood, of plastic, of rubber, of carbon, yes, even bearingsof ruby' and sapphire. All of them reduce the friction oflhoving parts. Every time you start your car or plug in yourvacuum cleaner it is bearings that make possible smooth,efficient action at a variety of speeds and under almost anyoperating load.Great roller and ball bearings of special alloy steels,running on their own smooth tracks, support our giantlocomotives. Small bearings that fit in the palm of yourhand are vital to your lawn mower, your washing machinelhotor, your mixer. And bearings, known as jewels, ofrUby and sapphire, smaller than the head of a pin, increasethe precision of your watch.Other materials bring you other kinds of bearings, too. Carbon provides bearings in special cases where chemicalswould attack metals. And in many ships the propeller shaftturns in plastic bearings that are not affected by salt water.The people of Union Carbide have a hand in providingbetter materials that go into bearings of all sorts. Perhapsthey can help solve your problems with materials of theseor other kinds. /Ir•..UNION CARBIDEF R E E: If you uould like to knou: more abou I manyof the thin.as YOll use every day, send for the illustratedbooklet "Products and Processes." It tells how scienceand indu.strv use UCC's Alloys, Chemicals, Carbons,Gases, and Plastics, Write (or free booklet G.AND CA1lBOK CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET � NEW YORK 17, N. Y.�------------_-- Trade-marked Products of Divisions and Units include ----------------­ELECTROMET Alloys and Metals • HAYNES STELLlTE Alloys • LINDE OxygenBAKELITE, KRENE, and VINYLITE Plastics • PYROFAX Gas • NATIONAL Carbons • EVEREADY Flashlights and BatteriesACHESON Electrodes • PRESTONE and TREK Anti-Freezes • SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS • PREST-O-LITE Acetylene""Where are you?" asked a breathless little voice1Fie;·IHt/� boy who.. -talkedTo Santa ClgusDirect Line to Toyto1vn-Billy had seen Santa Clausin the stores. BtJt this was the first time he hadever talked to him by telephone from his home.JI,'Billy was f�ur and a half' and as full of questions as>, •"Ooooh! Yesss!" s�id Billy.a quiz program. 'So the telephone Irian got the Central Office andBut the telephoneman didn't mind. He had a little� asked Santa Claus to come to the telephone if he wasn'tboy'of hisown and heknew how it was. Patiently he' . ':r too busy making toys. Said' there was a nice little boy.kept explaining everj .step as lie installed the new tele- \ named Billy who wanted .to talk to him. By now Billy'sphone in Billy's horne; eyes were big as saucers, but quickas a flash he had the-- . receiver to his ear. Next th ing he knew, he heard a voiceFinally, the job was done and he was �bout to make �I.the; usual Gall to the Central. Office to' be 'sure everything" saying -'w�s inpe; ��t worKing order. "Hello, Billy. This, is Santa Claus."""'" '! 'But it wasn'] the usual call this time. For it happened tobe j.il�t a little �'hile before Christmas and you know how .�'excited a little boy of four and a half cap. get about then. '1And the installer and his co-workers at the Central Office.'had something specially arranged for just such a situation..""""Would you like totalk to Santa Claus?" he' asked."Right now=-over this telephone?" "Where ... are ... you?" askeda breathless little voice­"The North Pole," said Santa."Is it cold uP. there?" Etc. Etc. Etc.They talked for several minutes and there wasn't' ahappier lad in all the land than, Billy . You can just bet,;those telephone people were pretty happy about it toO.;THIS IS At· TRUE STORY of how a <telephone installer spread gladness among little boys'and girls wherever he found tl1em in the homes l1e visited during the pre-Cluistinas period ....Nobody asked him and his Santa Claus 'conspirators in the Central Qffice to do it. It wastheir own idea-and just another, ex;ampl�, of .the friendly spirit of telephone people ....Wherever they are, and whatever tl1ey do, 'they aim tiisetve you not only with efficienc�' butwith courtesy and consideration as well.' Bell Telephone System