EDITOR'SMEMO PADThe lady across the tableThe cab was waiting' when the truckfrom the printers pulled up with the Aprilmagazines. We chucked a copy in our bagand headed for Northwestern Station andthe City of Denver.Hal f way to the Loop we discovered ourticket read Denver Zephyr. Slightly irri­tated, we re-directed the cab to the UnionStation. We had wanted to drop off fora day in Greeley, Colorado, and the Zephyrmisses that city by 50 miles. But it proveda happy switch-as you shall see..Leaving Chicago at five, we de�Ided .onan early dinner and a long evemng withthe Peabody Sisters of Salem-a currentbest seller.It was our first opportunity to look overthe new Magazine. We laid the copy onthe diner table while writing the dinnerorder. Across, they seated a professionalappearing woman. We were minding ourown business when suddenly she gave astart. She was looking at the Magazine."I'm a Chicago alumna," she volunteered."and I receive that magazine!"She was Marian Castle, who once wrote aprize-winning essay for the Magazine andwent on to become a famous Denver novel­ist (Deborah; The Golden Fury, etc.) . Youmay remember her as Marian Johnson, '20.\.Ve had corresponded but had never met.Marian CastleMrs, Castle was returning from Aurora,Illinois, where her mother had just passedaway. We visited until after nine. Shehopes to return to the Midway for the30th reunion of her class in June. We'lltell you more about our visit another time.In Denver, we were met by John L.Garrison, '15, and had little time for thePeabody sisters for the next two days.We had lunch with Samuel Chutkow, '18,JD '20; Leslie A. Gross, '46, JD '49; PhilipC. Klingsmith, Jr., JD '49; Ella Metsker, '06(Mrs. E. W. Milligan); A. R. Mortimer, '36;Harold H. Schlabach, '08; and Mr. Garr­ison.In the afternoon Garrison drove us toBoulder where we visited alumni on theUniversity of Colorado campus. We wereback in time for an all-Denver alumnimeeting with 80 present. Cobb Hall revisitedThe dinner speaker was Harold M.Agnew, SM '49, PhD '49, formerly on thestaff of our Institute for Nuclear Studies­now on the Los Alamos staff in New Mex­ico. Harold is a Denver boy and his wifeand mother were guests at the dinner.Guests from Colorado Springs includedLucile Jones, '30, Dr. Katharine HoweChapman, '22, MD '27, and Nicoll F. Gal­braith, '33, chairman of the ColoradoSprings Alumni Foundation.It was one of the best alumni meetingswe have attended in recent years and theyelected a live wire slate of officers: Garrison,President; Caroline Klingsmith, MBA '48,Secretary-Treasurer; Mrs. Milligan, Corre­sponding Secretary; A. R. Mortimer, Pro­gram and Publicity; Gross, Student Liaison.ClevelandThe Cleveland Club recently had a din­ner honoring President John Millis, '24,SM '27, PhD '31, and Mrs. Millis of West­ern Reserve University.Mid-year on the quadranglesAs 6,000 students left on spring vaca­tion, Chicago alumni, 500 strong, streamedonto the quadrangles (March 19) and dis­appeared in Mandel Hall.They had accepted the Association's in­vitation to spend Sunday on the Midway.In Mandel Hall they witnessed the NBCRound Table broadcast on "What TermsCan End the Armaments Race," and par­ticipated in the discussion which followed.On the panel were: Senator Paul Douglasand Professors Hans Morgenthau (PoliticalScience), Alan Simpson (History), andPhilip Jacob (Political Science, Universityof Pennsylvania).Following the program and an informalreception in the Reynolds Club lounges, thealumni taxed the combined capacity ofHutchinson Commons and the Coffee Shopfor a Sunday chicken dinner and preparedto visit their Alma Mater.There were eigh t afternoon tours. Thesetours had been carefully organized in ad­vance with a maximum limit for each, butwith tours enough for all.Heads of the departments visited metthe groups, told about the departmentaladvances, and conducted the alumni ontours to show the actual work being done.The faculty of Geology conducted thealumni through the laboratories and endedwith a faculty-alumni tea. __Director Woellner, of the Testing Labo- ratories, actually gave his group a diagnos­tic test. Dictionary Editor-Mathews showedhow material is accumulated for the new"Dictionary of Americanisms" which willbe published next year. And head of theMicrofilm laboratories Stein showed all theprocesses followed in putting books on film.Other tours included the new Adminis­tration Building, the hospitals, chapels,science laboratories, Oriental Institute, andInternational House.LETTERSNostalgiaMy husband and I had the very greatpleasure of attending the 241st convocationon March 17, to see our son, Henry Gard­ner (,45, BS '47), receive his doctor ofMedicine degree.These events on the campus do bringback many, many memories of the yearsthat have been so full of meaning to me.However, that March day was windy andinclined to be cold-quite unlike anotherPresident and Mrs. judsonsunny June day in 1917, when I graduated.I recall the query of Presiden t J uclson as Iscanned my diploma (in Latin in thosedays): "Can you read it?" Then he per­mitted me to take a snapshot of himselfand Mrs. Judson. The University of Chi­cago Magazine holds a genuine place ofinterest in our home. We await it eagerlyeach month. May real success attend its. future publications.Leoline Gardner Kroll '17.Rockport, Illinois.John L.I would like to see some topflight Uni­versity economist write an article for theM agazine telling us truthfully what hap­pens to the U. S. economy when a laborleader like John L. Lewis calls a strike.CH '20Chicago, IllinoisFor lifeEnclosed is a $10 check, the first ofeight annual payments for Life-Member­ship for my husband C. Gregg Geiger,'38, MBA '46, and myself, Dorothy FrechGeiger, AB '46. Incidentally, we thinkthe .alumni magazine has improved im­measurably of late, and we read it fromcover to cover without fail.Dorothy GeigerChicago', IllinoisEd. Note: Good news for the Geigerbudget: life membership is only $60, butthanks for the kind words.HelpI am a collector of "Hutchinsiana" andcan anyone advise me about articles andnotices which appeared in the press abouthis 20th anniversary?F. A. Baepler AM '23Boonville, MissouriA bowMay I congratulate you on the splendidarticle by Robert J. Havighurst which ap­peared in the February issue.. Mrs. Celena A. BaxterLos Angeles, Cal.We qainGlad to hear that an educator like Dr.Grace has joined the University staff. Gen­eral Clay's loss was our gain.Chicago, Illinois L.C. '36Ed. Note: Dr. Grace was recently madehead of the department of Education.Maroon criticIn the March issue, I read with greatinterest the article headed THE MAROONMEETS A CRITIC. This hit me rightsmack between the eyes because only twoweeks before, while visiting with some stu­dents at the University, I asked if theDaily Maroon was still in business. Oneboy handed me the latest issue and ifever I saw an unhappy sheet, that was it.I express this opinion because some 46years ago I was one of the assistant editorsof the Daily Maroon, which at that timeat least was a highly respected periodical.Oak Park, Illinois E.M.K. '05Alumni Reading ListsThe popularity of certain of our Read­ing Lists leads us to believe tha t you migh tlike them re-announced. Each list recom­mends about a dozen books on the topic.These lists are free to members of theAssociation (subscribers to the MAGAZINE)with a limit of six at anyone time. Wewill be glad to mail an index of the entirefile if you drop us a card.Alumni who are not members of theAssociation can purchase these lists at cost:15c for the first and IOc for each addi­tional list in the same order. Stamps areacceptable.Subject Prepared byAdolescence-Robert Havighurst and Rob-ert Peck.Aesthetics-Charles Hartshorne.Biography-Donald F. Bond.Books and Stories for Preschool Children-Mary Elizabeth Keister.Child Psychiatry-Mandel Sherman, M.D.Core Curriculum-Hilda Taba.·Culture of Latin America-J. Fred Rippy. Number 8Volume 42 May, 1950ASSOCIATIONPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNIManaging EditorHOWARD W. MORTEditorsLAURA BERGQUIST,LEONARD L. COLBY Contributing EditorsJEANNETTE LOWRYWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERNROBERT M. STROZIERIN THIS ISSUEEDITOR'S MEMO PAD COVERLETTERSPATTERN FOR PEACEMAKING, Ralph Bunche .QUOTEWORTHY .REAL 100% AMERICANISMS, Jeannette Lowrey . 1279RENDEZVOUS AT REYNOLDS 13MOST ELOQUENT FOUR IN THE BIG TEN, Robert M. Strozier.. 14ON THEIR TOES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 17MAY CALENDAR ·........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 20NEWS OF THE CLASSES................................. 23Faces change, from year to year, but the Coffee Shopat II A.M., and mid-afternoon, remains noisy, socia.bleand jammed to the rafters-after 27 years, still the hubof campus social life. This bevy of pretty club girls,gather there to read the papers, gossip, study, play thejukebox, sip cokes and see and be seen.COVER:( Cover and photographs of Cobb Hall (cover 1),and those on pages 2, 8, 10, 13, 14 and 17, by SteveLewellyn, '48.)Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberthru June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscrip­tion price $3.00. Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 193f, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act, of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazme.Educational Psychology-Guy T. Buswell.The Family-William Loyd Warner.Flight from the City and Cooperative Su-burban Life-William F. Ogburn.History of Religions-A. Eustace Haydon.Human Heredity-Herluf H. Strandskov.Introduction to the Study of Religions-A. Eustace Haydon.Latin America-J. Fred Rippy.Modern Literary Criticism-Norman F.Maclean.Modern Philosophy- T. V. Smith.The Negro in the U. S.-Everett C. Hughes.Personality Problems=Mandel Sherman.Problems in the Teaching of Reading-William S. Gray.Psychology of Religion-W. B. Blakemore,Jr. Recent Social Changes-William F. Ogburn.Teaching and Supervision of Reading­William S. Gray.New Reading Lists for alumni recentlyadded to our files are as follows:Character Education-Ernest J. Chave.Elementary and Intermediate GermanTexts=-H. Stefan Schultz.Evolution of Man-Sherwood Washburn.Interests and Hobbies of Young People­Mary K. Eakin.New Testament as Literature-Amos N.Wilder.Religious Education of Children and Youth=Emest J. Chave.Teaching of German-Helena Gamer.Milton's Political Theory-Ernest Sirluck.PATTERN FOR PEACETo Bernadotte the war in Palestine looked "like a secondSpain." Yet with only 10 helpers he launched Arabs and Jewson the road to peace; a United Nations success storyBIG WARS spring from littleones.In less than five years of existence,the United Nations has shown a re­markable ability to stop-and stopfully-all the little wars which havetroubled the world. This is an impor­tant and reassuring point for us all.The Palestine conflict, as I willshow in anecdote and detail, is an ex­cellent example of the way the UnitedNations can intervene to preserve thepeace; it also illustrates a pattern ofUN peacemaking which has emergedfrom many such interventions.To go back a bit, you will recallthat the United Nations was con­ceived in 1945, while war still ragedin the East and West. Peace wasthe pressing, over-riding concern ofdelegates from 51 nations. Theywent just as far as international pub­lic opinion and the world's stubbornallegiance to concepts of nationalsovereignty permitted them to go indrafting a charter for the new inter­national organization.The United Nations, with limitedauthority, resulted. Its objectiveswere sound and valid, 'but its powersunquestionably fell short of the objec­tives. It had to depend very largelyon moral suasion and the power ofinternational pub I i c opinion toachieve its goals.These tools should not be mini­mized, however. In Palestine, theyproved very effective sanctions indeed,as they have in other ominous' disputes.There are many people-perhapssome among you-who doubt theability of the UN in a time of coldwar to maintain even an insecurepeace. I emphatically do not believethis sort of skepticism and cynicism isjustified. There are admitted weak- By Ralph J. BuncheIn his suite at the Quadrangle Club. Dr. Ralph Bunche works over the manu­script for his first Walgreen lecture. on liThe Palestine Intervention: fromMandate to War."nesses in the United Nations ... theweakness of the veto, its excessive use'and abuse. There is the lack of en­forcement machinery, even to the ex­tent envisaged by the Charter. Thereis no international security force.There is no agreement yet, and nonein prospect, on the control of atomicweapons. There is a most embarrass­ing impasse at present which handi­caps the UN in its daily work overwho shall sit in as representatives forChina. Most important of all, thereis the continuing weakness which de­rives from the self-interested policiesof United Nations members-a ten­dency to endorse the UN heartilywhen it takes actions which conformto their ideas and national policies,and to bypass it when it doesn't.Gi ven all these weaknesses, is theUnited Nations impotent? My an­swer is emphatically "no." I say thisas one who from the beginning has2 believed in the UN and who hasserved on the firing Iine of peace. Iknow only too well, firsthand, itsweaknesses and failures. But I alsoknow its strengths and successes. AndI firmly 'believe it stands a reasonablechance of keeping the peace.In a period of slightly more thanfour years, the UN has developed apattern of peacemaking which firstinvolves political intervention, thenthe establishment of a truce-if fight­ing has occurred-and the employ­ment of mediation and conciliationin an effort to bring the parties to­gether. This pattern is not justtheoretical or confined to conversa­tions at Lake Success. It is an ac­tive, on-the-spot instrument employedby the United Nations wherever trou­ble breaks out. It has been employedin many explosive situations, anyoneof which could have ignited anothergreat war. In each, there were con-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 3Editor's Note: Chicago's cul­tural and intellectual life hasbeen considerably enriched for13 years by the Walgreen lectureseries ( always ad mission andticket-free) which resulted froma grant of $500,000 given bydrug magnate, Charles R. Wal­green, for «The Study of Ameri­can Institutions."Some 500 to 600 students,neighbors and faculty membersattended the spring series,in Rockefeller Chapel, featuringDr. Ralph Bunche who madehistory in. Palestine as conciliatorand mediator for the UnitedNations. His overall subject 'was.. Man, Democracy and Peace,"and we here reprint the firsttwo lectures, covering his fas­cinating personal story of thatmediation.During his week stay on thecampus, he indefatigably metwith students and faculty, pub­licly and privately - speakingfor the International RelationsClub, Students for DemocraticAction, Political Science De­partment, etc. He is well accus­tomed to academic life, ofcourse, having been head of thepolitical science department atHoward, and taken graduatework at Harvard, the Univer­sity of Capetown, South Africa,and London School of Econom­ics-a great deal of it in anthro­pology and colonial policy. Hispresent, somewhat formidabletitle is: acting assistant secretarygeneral of the department ofTrusteeship and Information forN on-Governing Territories forthe United Nations.flicting interests on the part of greatpowers, emotional agitation at highpitch, and actual outbreak of vio­lence. Let me list the conflicts con­tained: Iran, Indonesia, Korea, Kash­mir, Greece, Berlin, and Palestine. Ifthe UN did not, and has not yet,brought formal peace to all of themin every instance it has contained thefighting and prevented its spread, and in some degree led the parties towardpeace.Bolder than the leagueAsk yourself: Where would theworld be today if the United Nationshad not existed and intervened inthese postwar conflicts? Where wouldeach of these disputes have led hadnot the UN promptly and courage­ously-and with more boldness andimagination than the League of Na­tions ever employed-intervened ineach dispute?Palestine was a dramatic example-perhaps the most dangerous tinder­box of them all-of the way in whichthe UN achieved an immediate peace,however, uneasy, while preparing afirm foundation for a more enduringone. I need not go into the back­ground for the conflict. Suffice it tosay, it was a conflict of rival nation­alist aspirations between two commun­ities-the Arab and the Jewish-ina territory hardly large enough forboth peoples.The United Nations did not takethe initiative in solving this problem.In the spring of 1947, the UnitedKingdom asked the UN for assistancein settling the Palestine question,which it had not been able to resolvein 25 years. In response, the UNcalled a special session of the Gen­eral Assembly. It did not haveenough information on hand to reacha decision, so it sent a special com­mittee to the Near East to investigateand make recommendations.We arrived in Jerusalem on June13th. It was my first visit.I recall that two days later Iwas invited to the home of a rabbifor dinner. A ceremony was held,which involved donning the yomelka,or little black cap, and I was handedone before entering the dining room.I t was definitely not my size. Whenwe reached 'the table, the rabbi saidsome words in Hebrew which I didnot understand, but sensed requireda gesture of devotion. I bowed myhead. The yomelka fell off into thesoup plate before me. I was off to abad start in Palestine.The committee covered the wholeof Palestine and was boycotted, un­fortunately, by the Arab Higher Com­mittee. We did have contact withindividual A�abs andIater at Beirutmet with the representatives of theArab states under the auspices of the Arab League and heard their VIews;fully.With the Israelis there was noproblem. They attended hearings andset forth their position in detail. Wesen t a subcommittee to visit refugeecamps in Europe. Everywhere itquestioned Jewish DP's and foundthat an overwhelming percentage, 90some-odd, were set to the death on aJewish state in Palestine as their onlyhope. They had come to believe therewas no other hope-that the westernworld was closed to them. Even coun­tries with large land resources didnot welcome Jewish refugees. Thuswas a new and burning Jewish na­tionalism fed.No living togetherFrom conversations with Arabsand Jews it became apparent it wasimpossible for the two to live peace­fully under a common regime, whichwould have been the ideal solution.The Jewish population was the mi­nority, some 650,000 to a million andquarter Arabs. But it was the ma­jority population in terms of econom­ic power, wealth, techniques, skill andwestern culture. The Arabs openlytold us that in a common state, rundemocratically, for their ,own pro­tection it would be necessary to takerestrictive measures against the Jews.The UN could not think of settingup a state based on discriminatorytreatment. So we reached the con­clusion that there was only one prac­tical solution-partition. It was noteven the unanimous view of the Com­mittee. A minority report proposed aFederal State, a state so loose that ifput into effect I am sure partitionwould have resulted.Partition was vehemently opposedby the Arabs. It was accepted by theJews with great reluctance and manyreservations, but accepted nonethe­less as the best that could be done ina bad situation. The United Statesand the Soviet Union were for par­tition: the United Kingdom wasagainst.On November 29, 1947, the As­sembly made the historic decision. Anew committee was set up, the-United Nations Palestine Commis­sion, whose task it would be to go toPalestine and put the partition deci­sion into effect. It was once describedby its chairman as "The Five Lonely4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPilgrims" and was commonly calledUNPAC.All packed and nowhere to goI t never packed or unpacked. Itnever left New York at all. For themandatory power, having announcedit would terminate the mandate onMay 15, 1948, suddenly found Arabresistance mounting. The British saidthey could not guarantee the safetyof Commission members, if theycame, that the security situationwould greatly deteriorate if they didcome, and that a Commission wouldnot be welcome until just before themandate terminated. So the Com­mission sat in New York and wasnever really able to undertake thetask of partition. If it had, much oflater trouble might have been averted.Violence mounted in Palestine. OnMay 15th, one of the most uniqueincidents in modern history occurred.The United Kingdom, after 25years, terminated the mandate. Al­most simultaneously, the Jewish com­munity proclaimed the existence ofa provisional Jewish government. Im­mediately after, the Arab states madethe fateful decision to send theirarmies into Palestine for the allegedpurpose of protecting the Arab popu­lation there, but with the obviousgoal of crushing or preventing thefounding of a Jewish state.The termination of authority bythe British left a vacuum. On May14th, Palestine had a central govern­ment. There were police forces, therewas an army-a British army of morethan 100,000 men-and some sem­blance of law and order.On May 15th, the next day, therewas no government, no central auth­ority, no one responsible for keepingthe peace. ,On 'May 16, 1948, the United Na­tions found itself wholly responsiblefor a territory of almost 2,000,000people, with a fullfledged war rag­ing. The Jewish population was bet­ter off than the Arabs because evenunder the mandate it had a sem­blance of national political organi­zation, its own school system and hos­pitals. It even had a defense force,the Haganah, formerly underground;which became public when the- Brit­ish pulled out.The Arabs, on the other hand, wereleft with no government, no militia, no defense force, no school system,no hospitals.The handful of Jews in Palestinewas then confronted on three sidesby the armies of Arab states, whosepopulations totalled almost 40,000,-000. To their backs was the Mediter­ranean. It was remarkable they sur­vived even a few weeks in the face ofthat concerted attack. That they didso was a tribute to their great spirit,heroism and willingness to die ratherthan relinquish hope for a homelandin the Holy Land.This is what Count Bernadottefaced when on May 28th he arrivedin the Near East. The Swedish .nob­leman, who had been appointed asmediator by the General Assembly,had never visited the United Nations,but decided to go directly to thescene of conflict. Mr. Lie, secretarygeneral, asked me to meet him inParis, escort him to the Near East,and launch him on the task of media­tion.I RECALL FIRST meeting CountBernadotte and his wife at LeBourget airfield, outside of Paris, onMay 25th. His first query was: . "Justwhat do they want me to do? Whatdo they expect of me out there?"I didn't dare give him a personalanswer to the question. I merelyreached into my pocket and pulledout the terms which had been de­fined in a resolution, adopted by theGeneral Assembly, providing for amediator on the Palestine question.I read them aloud.They were simple-too simple, per­haps. They said the mediator was togo to the Near East and bring about-a peaceful adjustment of the Pales­tine question.Fortunately, Count Bernadottepossessed a good sense of humor. Helooked at me quizzically and said:"Is that all they wish me to do?""Yes," I replied. "That's all theyhave asked thus far.""And now tell me," he said, "withwhat do they expect me to do this?"My answer, which had to be a lit­tle sheepish, was: "I'm afraid all theyhave sent you thus far is me."This could hardly inspire confi­dence. But he was a man of visionand tremendous courage, a man wholiked having the odds against him.So he said, simply: "All right, ·if this is what they want me to do, itmust need doing. We'll give it atry."Three days later he was in theNear East. Fighting was intense, bit­terness was great, emotions ran high.There had been no decisive battles ordefeats. Fighting had been in prog­ress for a few weeks only. Jerusalemwas besieged, encircled by the Arablegion and the Egyptians. Arab artil­lery was hurling 25-pounders andmortar shells into the city, day andnight. Food and water were scarce.Count Bernadotte's first reactionwas: "It's too early to mediate. Theyhaven't fought long enough. Theydon't know what is involved in thiswar. They need softening a bit be­fore we can talk sense to them."A second Spain?But on an exploratory trip, he sawample evidence that great powerswere aligned on both sides. Volun­teers and aid were flowing to bothsides, from outside. If the conflictwent on for very long, it would surelybecome a second Spain-in a part ofthe world in which the consequencesof conflict could be far more grave.So Count Bernadotte changed hisviews quickly and said: "We muststop this war. We must stop it quick­ly because the implications in its con­tinuance are grave for the entireworld." He then undertook what Ibelieve was the most intensive diplo­matic negotiation in the history ofmodern diplomacy. In eight days ofthe most concentrated effort, he suc­ceeded in inducing the Arab armiesand the .jewish army to lay down theirarms for a four-week truce.How did he do it?Remember, he went to the NearEast with no staff. When he arrivedin Cairo, on May 26, we were a partyof ten, including secretaries and theCount's personal doctor and a valetwho accompanied him. He wasarmed only with the authority of theUnited Nations expressed in the formof a resolution from the SecurityCouncil, calling on the parties to set­tle their differences peacefully. Thatwas all he had. At the time, one wasjustified in wondering whether thiswas enough.Undismayed, Count Bernadotte,by means of a personal plane-s-a DC3 made available by the UN andTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5manned by an expert Dutch crew­was able to follow this kind of back­breaking itinerary for a week: in themorning, he would confer about theterms of the truce with NokrashyPasha, Prime Minister of Egypt, thenrush to Farouk Airport to board theplane and fly across the desert toAmman, in Trans Jordan, and con­fer with King Abdulla and GlubbPasha, commander of the Arab Le­gion Army. Next he would fly toDamascus or Beirut, for similar talks,and end up late in the afternoon inTel Aviv for talks with Ben-Gurionand Moshe Shertok. Early next morn­ing, he was off riding the same cir­cuit.Gain in Cairo, loss In BagdadThis he did for a solid week. Eachday some progress was made in bring­ing the parties closer together onterms of the truce and closing thegap between them. He was never ableto fully close that gap. I should pointout that one of the greatest difficul­ties in, Palestine was the fact thatseven Arab states had no singlespokesman. It was necessary to dealwith each separately. Thus, what onegained in Cairo, one might lose inDamascus or Beirut or Bagdad. Itwas a most frustrating experience atfirst until we became accustomed toit-and, until we learned to adjustour time sense to the near East.We had all gone there with a West­ern . time sense-an idea that thingsmust be done on schedule, and donequickly. We soon learned differently.I recall an edifying experience of myown, at Rhodes.I was impatient. I thought we hadto push things along, yet I knew theycouldn't be done too quickly. In onestage of the [armistice] negotiations,a chairman of one delegation came tome and said: "We have reached animpasse. We haven't been gettinganywhere for several days. You shouldadjourn the negotiations and send ushome."I replied that the United Nationswould never send him home: that wewere timeless on that question. Ifthe negotiations were broken, one orthe other of the delegations wouldhave to make the break and takeresponsibility for it.I went farther: "Why," I said, "Iwant you to know that I am prepared to stay on this island for ten years, ifnecessary, waiting for you people toreach an agreement." I sat back,looking for some evidence of shock,but he only looked blandly at me andsaid quite sincerely: "Only ten years?What's your hurry?"We learned the hard way that the.situation could not be rushed: yettime was very important, with war inprogress all around us. Moreover, weNO DEBATING SOCIETYI believe that the United Na­tions, which was oversold at thebeginning, is now being under­sold and is doing a much betterjob than people think. Contraryto some opinion, the UN is nota debating society. It has a longlist of accomplishments to itscredit - the settlement of dis­putes in Iran, Palestine, Indo­nesia, Kashmir, South Korea. Ithelped settle the Berlin block­ade. It has drawn up a HumanRights Declaration and Geno­cide convention. W hen theUnited States tried to set up aConstitution it took 13 years toget it accepted by 13 colonieswho had common i n t ere s t s ,enemy and language. Fifty-ninenations with conflicting lan­guages and interests have donepretty well in a much shortertime.-Admiral Chester W. Nimitz,United Nations plebiscite administra­tor for Kashmir.were still dealing with eight differentparties, despite the fact that the ArabLeague was now meeting regularly,and its representatives presumablypresenting us with a united Arabpoint of view. We soon learned therewas much more Arab disunity on thePalestine question-especially on theconduct of the undeclared war-thanthere was unity.This Arab disunity might be calledthe secret weapon of the Israelis.After a week of this kind of negoti­ating, Count Bernadotte realized itwas impossible to get full agreementbetween the Arabs and Israelis ontruce terms. So he did a most daringthing-daring to those of us who werethoroughly familiar with the UnitedNations, and could weigh the risksentailed.On the eighth day, he issued an ultimatum to both sides: he submit­ted the terms of a truce he had drawnup, incorporating all the agreementthus far achieved, He gave them twodays in which unconditionally to ac­cept the terms, for a truce of fourweeks. Then he sat back in Shep­erd's Hotel in Cairo waiting for theanswers.Daring diplomacyThe deadline was two o'clock, June9, 1948. Commercial communicationwith Israel was not possible, and weknew there might be some delay. Butat noon when we hadn't heard fromanybody, we began to think we hadlost.Count Bernadotte had said that ifeither or both sides refused to acceptthe truce terms, he would fly immedi­ately to Lake Success and ask the Se­curity Council to impose sanctions,diplomatic and economic if necessary,on the recalcitrant party or parties.The Council had never consideredsuch action, and those of us fromLake Success wondered if the com­batants might not question that pos­sibility. Was it an effective threat?A t noon, June 9, we were beginningto think it was not. Then, shortlyafter 12, the first Arab representativecame from his embassy in Ridyadhand brought his government's reply toCount Bernadotte's suite. The replyaccepted the truce terms. One byone, other Arab representatives ar­rived, until all seven had handed inaffirmative replies. The last came atten minutes of two!We noticed that some of the Arabdelegates were not leaving the hotel,but waiting around, to learn aboutthe Israeli reply. At 2 P. M., whenwe had to say that none had been re­ceived, several Arabs came to thesuite in great jubilation. Only then,for the first time, did we realize how-nuch influence the United Nationscould exert. For they said: "Now youcan go to Lake Success and informthe Security Council that the Israelishave refused to enter into the truceand ask the Council to impose sanc­tions against them."Count Bernadotte replied that be­cause communication between· TelAviv and Cairo was so difficult hemust extend the limit a few hoursmore until a reply, one way or theother, was received.At 2: 45, the Israeli answer came:6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEit was affirmative. All of us knewthen, and knew for certain, that themission of the United Nations in Pal­estine would succeed because herewas the first, real evidence of the im­portance all parties attached to pos­sible Security Council action.The war was only two weeks old.There had been no decisive battles.Yet both sides could 'be persuaded,could indeed be induced to bend tothe will of the Security Council asexpressed in a resolution. It was alsoa brilliant one-man diplomatic featfor Count Bernadotte.How ten kept the truceThe truce went into effect June11 tho Immediately we faced a des­perate problem, for one of the trucecondi tions was tha t the UN wouldsupervise, enforce and take responsi­bility for seeing that neither side vio­lated the terms: that the armed forcesof neither side would cross the trucelines; that there would be no illegalmovement of military supplies and noillegal introduction of fighting per­sonnel into either the Arab countriesor Palestine; that male immigrants ofmilitary age would be carefullychecked by the United Nations asthey entered Palestine, plus a goodmany other responsibilities.We were there with only ten peo­ple. We had no means of communi­cation, no means of transport exceptthe one plane assigned the mediator.The UN itself was quite unpreparedfor this sort of enterprise. We had toimprovise, quickly.Here I must say that the operationcould never have been successfulwithout the wholehearted and some­times almost miraculous backing wegot from the Secretary General, Mr.Lie, and the Executive Office headedby Mr. Courtier. We put in an ur­gent call for military observers tosupervise the truce, to demarcate thetruce lines and guard vital points.They were promised from Belgium,France, the United States and Swe­den, 'but the truce would go into ef­fect before they could arrive. Yet itwas imperative we have observersscattered throughout the Near East.So we spread our ten people very,very thin-with some remarkable re­sults.I recall that one member of mystaff was an ex-newspaperman, whohad once been a correspondent in Malta for the Christian ScienceMonitor. He was a very able manbut small, physically, and timid. Isent him to the British supply dump,near Suez, to wait for a military ob­server who would replace him. Wewere so busy, however, that I for-. got about him and the supply dumptoo. It was really a gesture so thatwe could say we had a UN represen­tative at Suez in the event the Israelisraised the question of whether sup­plies were being sneaked out of thedump to Arab forces, contrary to thetruce.Three days later, I got a call fromthis man. In a very weak voice heasked: was there any prospect of areplacement soon? He had found itnecessary to keep a 24-hour vigiland had gone sleepless, for three days.Needless to say, we dispatched reliefto him.We also used a young South Af­rican professor of economics, a trueacademician, who detested guns andanything connected with guns mostheartily. We sent him to Tel Aviv toawait the arrival of observers. On thefirst day of the truce, some fightingbroke out between an Israeli force"and a nearby Arab force. The youngprofessor did a most amazing thing­and I will never understand how hedid it.He hired a taxicab in Tel Avivwith a Jewish driver and drove out toJewish lines. Somehow he inducedthe Jewish military commander toenter the cab. How he got him there,without mentioning destination, I'llnever know. Then he drove straightacross No Man's Land into the Arabline. There he induced the Arabcommander to enter the cab. Thethree drove back to No Man's Land,held a peace conference and signedan agreement there would be no moreshooting. Then he taxi'd both chiefsback to their respective lines andlived to tell the story.Puzzling' assignmentWithin a week after the first trucewas declared, the military observersbegan to arrive. I recall very vividlythe first contingent of Americans whocame to work with us. All were of­ficers, from the rank of Lieutenantthrough Colonel. Most had 'been serv­ing in the American zone of occupiedGermany. They had been ticketedfor. home leave and shortly before their departure from the States hadreceived what to them was a puzzlingorder to report to the Near East forduty with the UN.Most of them had never even heardof the United Nations. They had nointerest in, nor knowledge of, theNear East. They were disgruntledabou t not going home.They saved livesThey were given a very quick in­doctrination, in some cases a matterof hours. Yet after a week of duty,they were coming to us with urgentrequests that we intervene with Wash­ington to extend their three-monthterm. Grizzled veterans who hadfought from the Pacific throughEurope said that for the first time inlong military careers they felt theywere doing really useful work, andthat this was a real achievement forthem. Each day they could virtuallycount the lives they had saved by pre­venting Arabs and Jews from shoot­ing at one another. Some of thesemen are still in Palestine. Others arein trouble zones in Greece, Indonesia,Korea, Kashmir.I t was a truly exciting experienceto see how the tough, seasoned, andoften cynical military men of fournations took to this task of preservingthe peace-a new kind of war forthem.We also had our United Nationsversion of Dunkirk.Count Bernadotte and I had beenaway in Lebanon for conferences to­ward the end of that first truce; onreturning to Haifa �e found a full­fledged evacuation of our personnelunder way. Mind you, in just fourweeks of truce, the UN had built upan impressive task force with a totalp:rsonnel of more than 700 people,WIth three destroyers loaned by theUnited States flying the United Na­tions flag, two French corvettes, withseveral hundred jeeps and trucksrounded up from many sources. Wehad a fleet of 15 planes and our owncommunication system-expensive ra­dio equipment which enabled us tobe free of commercial channels.The operation was costing theUnited Nations about $750,000 amonth, but it was a cheap operationin terms of the lives saved and theproperty destruction avoided.On arriving in Haifa, we found(Continued on page 18)THE UNIVERSITY OF ·CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7.............................................................. "' •.•...•.•.•....•.... "' ..QUOTEWORTHY• • • Comment from the campus • •••................................................................................... � •• rI' ............................•••••••• rI'rI' ••••• A •••••••••• ,/" �PUNISH THE CHILD?• Love is only one element in achild's security. Respect for parentsis equally important.Respect must be earned by honesty,reliability and firmness. A childreally wants someone stronger than.he to bolster his weak self control.Parents show their strength by re­quiring obedience, even though thismay necessitate the use of penalties.Affectionate people are often reluc­tant to punish, because they areafraid of losing the child's love orstirring up his anger. Many also thinkthat resort to punishment is a con­fession of failure. If a child hasbeen loved and respected as an indi­vidual, these fears are groundless.He does not resent deserved chas­tisement nearly as much as adultsthink. Punishment must not be ad­ministered in anger, however, or forrevenge. It must be just, consistentand effective. Nagging is none ofthese: it is irritable, capricious andweak. Telling a child he is bad onlymakes him guilty without controllinghim.The type of punishment shouldvary with age. During the secondyear, physical removal from the pro­hibited activity or an occasional slapon the hand are sufficient. At threeor four, sitting on a chair for a shorttime, or confinement to a room aregood methods. At six, cutting the al­lowance or curtailing privileges maybe more effective. In this hierarchy,there is even a place for the old­fashioned spanking. It is the courtof last resort, to be used only afterall other methods have failed. Whenadministered it must be hard, but noobject except the hand should beused. Belts and sticks are weapons.A spanking should leave a lastingimpression so it will not have to berepeated soon.The best discipline for an olderchild consists in allowing him to ex­perience the logical consequences of his behavior within reason, wherethis can be done without danger. Ifhe deliberately breaks a toy, for ex­ample, he should not get another forsome time. If promptness at meals isa problem, the family should eat with­out him and he should go hungry. Ifhe destroys the property of others, heshould replace it. It may even bebetter to let the child go late toschool, if he is sure to be kept over­time. This method is particularly ef­fective because nothing is inflicted onthe child; by creating his own pain,he teaches himself the connection be­tween cause and effect.--Dr. Adrian H. Vander Veer,Chief of Pediatric Psychiatry at BobsRoberts Hospital, writing on "IvienialHygiene in Infancy and Early Child­hood," in the "Current Child CareSupplement," issued by the Mother'sAid of Chicago Lying-in.MORNING AND EVENINGTYPES• While under usual conditions ofcivilized existence the body tempera­ture reaches its peak during thewaking phase of the 24-hour period,and its minimum during sleep, thereare distinct individual variations . . .So called "morning types" reach theirmaximum temperature early in theKleitman day. Their performance is better im­mediately upon getting up in themorning than just prior to going tobed at night.This may seem logical, since sleepis universally considered as having arestorative effect, but the body tem­perature in morning persons is higherin the morning than at night. Ateither end of the waking period,however, temperatures are rather lowand performance poor. If a morn­ing individual is first tested in thelaboratory two or three hours after�e gets out of bed, he may by thattime have reached his body tem­perature peak and his performancewill show a downward trend. Con­versely, an "evening type" who"comes to life" toward the end of thewaking period, dislikes going to bedat the conventional retiring hours and"hates to get up in the morning," willshow a rising body temperature curveduring the day ...There are many graduations be­tween the two extremes, but recentlyan entirely different temperaturecurve has been found where, after anearly morning rise, there is a tempera­ture "plateau" for the rest of the day- sometimes well into the evening!Such plateaus were obtained in twofactory foremen, and it is impossibleto say how prevalent they are amonggainfully employed persons who haveto do a daily stint of work at a uni­form rate for several hours.-Nathaniel Kleitman, PhD '23,Physiology, in an article "BiologicalRhythms and Cycles," in the Physio­logical Review.BUSINESS NEEDS PROFESSORS• The invasion of the universities bybusiness men is an old story. Boards ofTrustees have traditionally been dom­inated by industrialists and bankers.More recently there has been an in­flux of business men into the higheradministrative offices of our colleges.What I should now like to see is8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEa counter-revolution that would carryprofessors more actively into everysphere of practical affairs. You [pro­fessors] already have a foothold onpolitics and government. It is not somany years ago since one of your col­leagues occupied the White House ...Your members are in demand when­ever a Presidential board is set up todeal with a labor dispute ...I should like to urge you to takethe same interest in business, so thatyou would he sought after to becomedirectors of many of our nation's hun­dreds on thousands of corporations.The transportation companies andpublic utilities could profit from thecounsel of sociologists. The publish­ing and publicity fields badly need theuplifting influence of the English de­partmen t . . . Let all segmen ts of so­ciety have the benefit of both yourspecialized knowledge and your com­mon sense.-Cyrus Eaton, Trustee, Univer­sity of Chicago, in an address ofwelcome to the American Associationof University Projessors, in Cleueland,Ohio.CHEERY COMMENT ONWORLD GOVERNMENT• The inventiveness of mankind ISequal to the demands made upon itfor creative development of legisla­tive and representative agencies, ade­quate to the lofty purposes of emerg­ing world order. A yes or no to theproblem of the precise locus of power,military and fiscal, is not likely to befound without the helping hand ofhuman fraternity, inspired by thehope of realizing the highest ends ofhumanity. These balances are im­portant, no doubt, but reliance uponthe means rather than the ends ofworld order will prove very difficultand even disastrous. But this is noreason why energy and inventivenessin other areas than those of steel andgold should not be applied to thetests ...Complex and baffling as this prob­lem may be, the alternative of worldchaos staggers the imagination. Thedreadful possibilities of calamityquicken our pace toward a worldcommunity and commonwealth inwhich justice and right preside. Afterall, Hope is a more powerful motivethan Fear in leading us to the realiza­tion of the highest destiny of man. Asa long-time student of government, I An �mi�ent movie producer and a distinguished political scientist enjoy areunion In the Quadrangle Club. In 1918, they were, respectively, Lieutenant�alter Wanger an,? Captain Charles E. Merriam (right). Wanger lecturedIn Mandel Hell on Donald Duck and World Diplomacy."do not counsel surrendering to hate,violence, duress. I look to and trust inloftier and mightier powers of justice,liberty, welfare, brotherhood. The cli­mate is better than the day's weather.-Charles E. Merriam, Morton D.Hull Distinguished Service ProfessorEmeritus of Political Science, writingon «Representation in a World Legis­lature" in Common Cause magazine.PROFESSOR AND THEPRODUCER• My first and most important ad­venture with this institution [TheUniversity of Chicago] was duringthe first World War when a modestcollege professor arrived in Rome, ashis excellency, the High Commis­sioner for Woodrow Wilson in Italy.He was in a captain's uniform. Noone but Professor Charles E. Merriamwould have thought of coming overwith less. rank than a general. I wasa so-called aviator, attached to theembassy at that time, and CaptainMerriam took me over and made mehis aide.I remember being sent by him toParis on an assignment which calledfor my lunching with King Feisel ofIraq, Colonel Lawrence of Arabia andthe King's military aide. It was myfirst contact with middle-eastern af­fairs and I was greatly impressed by. the aide's many high allied decora­tions.I ventured: "Major, aren't youvery young to have so many high al­lied decorations?""Why lieutenant," he said. "Thisis nothing. You should see what theother side gave me" ...It was with Professor Merriam inRome, that in 1918 we were con­fronted with the problem of lettingthe Italian people know that theUnited States was engaged in an allout effort to win the war-a factwhich the Italians were not inclinedto believe. It was difficult because themeans of �ommunication were fewand the country little unified. So w�made some information films, and Ireceived my first training in film pro­ductio�, courtesy of the Universityof Chicago. After I saw the highlyeffective results obtained by this newinvention, I decided on my post-warcareer and have been in the motionpicture industry ever since.-Walter Wanger, movie pro­ducer, in a William Vaughan Moodylecture on «Donald Duck and WorldDiplomacy."RADAR SPOTSTHUNDERSTORM• Radar is aviation's best weaponagainst the. menace of the thunder-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEstorm. Radar beams can detect ei therthe water droplets or the ice crystalsin a cumulous cloud from which thethunderstorm is born at the verymoment either starts developing.U sing this information - obtainable20 . miles in advance - the pilot canplan his flight and avoid thunder­storm dangers. Even when a planeis forced to fly through a thunder­storm area, radar enables it to pickthe safest routes, where the least airturbulence will be met.-Horace R. Byers) Chairman)Meteorology) in his new book "TheT h.understorm;" written with RoscoeR. Braham and published by the U.S.Government Printing Office.OUR CHOICE: NEGOTIATIONOR WAR• The American people must accepta negotiated peace with Soviet Rus­sia as the alternative to a universallydestructive war. We would have beenin a stronger bargaining position had we negotiated with the Russians ayear or two ago. Whether our bar­gaining position will be better a yearor two from now is open to seriousdoubt.There are three ways in which anation can try to obtain its objec­tives on the international scene: over­whelming power, war and negotia­tion. Overwhelming power slippedfrom American hands when we lostthe monopoly of the atomic bomb.War has lost its traditional functionas an instrument of foreign policy andhas become a means of universal de­struction. Immoral or not, spheres ofinfluence h�ve been the traditionalmeans of settling peacefully conflictsbetween great powers. The alterna­tives before the United States narrowdown to spheres of influence or war.We have to choose one or the other.Arguments are often advanced toshow it is impossible to negotiate withthe Russians: such as-the RussiansNews of the Quadrangles 9keep agreements only so long as itis in their interest to keep them andbreak them at will when they thinkit advantageous to do so.But this holds true of other na­tions as well.One has to be strong in order tobargain successfully, yet it is difficultto say when a nation has reached thepeak of its strength with regard toanother nation. The crux of the op­position to negotiations with the Rus­sians is, however, our objection as amatter of principle to the very ideasof spheres of influence. This opposi­tion is part of the heritage of Wil­sonian moralism which opposes powerpolitics, the balance of power, spheresof influence and the like as immoral.-Hans]. Morgenthau, professorof political science) speaking on "OldProblems and New lllusions,' a Wal­green Foundation lecture series on"The Foreign Policy of the UnitedStates,"REAL 100% AMERICANISMSA sleuthing editor tracks down the origins of 50,000 U. S.words like appendicitis, currency, ballyhoo. AmericanEnglish, he proclaims, is no longer a "colonial" tongueBy Jeannette LowreyIF YOU SAY "keep the ball roll­ing," you are using an American­Ism that originated during the politicalcampaign of President William HenryHarrison.To ballyhoo their candidates in the1840 election, politicians paraded.'with huge balls, sometimes 30 feet· indiameter with a man inside to "keepthe ball rolling." Newspaper men,reporting the events, coined the phrasethat is today a colorful American ex­pression.First use of "keep the ball rolling"and even of the word "Ballyhoo" isnoted in the Dictionary of American­isms) the newall-American dictionarythe University of Chicago Press willpublish in early 1951. The first dictionary devoted exclu­sively to words and meanings of wordsthat originated in the United States,the 2,000-page Dictionary will list50,000 words.Editor of the Dictionary of Ameri­canisms is Mitford Mathews, one ofthe outstanding lexicographers in theUnited States today. Interested indictionary work for 27 of his 59 years,Mathews was a member of the firstlexicography class taught at the Uni­versity of Chicago by Sir WilliamCraigie upon the Englishman's ar­rival in the United States in 1926 toedit the Dictionary' of American Eng­lish.A five-year project, the two-volumeDictionary of Americanisms was gar- gantuan at birth. It grew out of thefour-volume, $100 set of the Diction­ary of American English, an 18-yearproject on the Midway. The 200,-000 word slips for the Dictionary ofAmerican English and the 125,000for the Dictionary of Americanismsline the walls of the dictionary room.The new dictionary, devoted ex­clusively to words of American originover a 361-year period, will 'also treatthe Americanisms in historical contextby means of accurately-dated quota­tions. Earliest known uses of thewords, along with modern examples,will be provided in the text.Prevailing social conditions and.at­titudes of people in the various periodsof United States history will also be10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M·AGAZINEfound in the word meanings of TheDictionary of Americanisms.A great many different people­scholars, country editors, businessmen,housewives, and even a prisoner-havehelped "track down" words appearingin the dictionary. Mail order cata­logues, newspaper clippings, yellowedletters and the current slicks are alsoamong the sources used for tracing theetymology of the Americanisms.School boy slang will not be in­cluded in the Dictionary of A merican­isms, for as Editor Mathew says, theelement of slang in American Eng­lish is insignificant compared withthe solid, substantial contributionsAmerica has made to the English lan­guage.The stage when the American lan­guage can be termed "colonial"speech has passed, and sound wordslike appendicitis, automobile, B.S. (thedegree), campus, Christmas tree, Con­gressional, currency ( money), derbyhat, hydrant, paper money and fac­ulty (teaching force of schools) arenow institutionalized Americanisms.So that the old-fashioned wood­burning cookstove and other Americanobjects of a generation ago will notlook strange and foreign to the schoolchild of 1999, Mathews planned theDictionary of Americanisms as an il­lustrated dictionary. Nearly 500 draw­ings by a young veteran, Irwin Stud­ney, are included to show the articlesout of which many Americanisms havesprung. Relief for mystery diseaseSignificant relief for victims of themysterious and incurable disease,myasthenia gravis, is provided by anew chemical. developed by KennethP. DuBois, assistant professor of phar­macology, and John Doull, researchassistant of the department and theToxicity Laboratory.Variant of an insecticide which killsa variety of pests from rats to cock­roaches, the compound is designatedas OMPA by the pharmacologists.OMPA is one of the "payoff" re:"suIts of the extensive screening pro­gram to determine the biologicaleffects of chemicals, begun by the Tox­icity Laboratory during World WarII, and since continued as part ofthe research against disease in theuniversity's medical and biologicalcenter. Thousands of chemicals arebeing tested and modified in thesearch for new drugs effective againsta variety of diseases, including cancer,leukemia, and malaria.Myasthenia gravis, a rare and wast­ing disease, strikes all ages from theearly teens through old age. It pro­duces a weakening of the muscles ofthe limbs, face, throat, lungs andheart.OMPA restores muscular strengthby stimulating the nervous systemand muscles by its reactions with abody chemical, cholinesterase, whichis present in all body tissues but espe­cially the nervous tissues. Duringtreatment, the victims are able to leadEditor Mathews Du Boisnormally active lives. In some casesthere is evidence that OMPA ha�halted the progress of the disease.The compound is currently beingtested, with considerable success, onpatients in hospitals in Chicago, NewYork, and Texas. DuBois and Doullhave now extended their investiga­tions of drugs into a search for boththe cause and prevention of myas­thenia gravis. They are searching formore specific information as to ex­actly how drugs such as OMPAstrengthen the muscles.Diagnosing leukemiaA new technique for distinguishingleukemia from diseases which re­semble leukemia has been developedby Drs. Matthew Block, PhD '41MD '43, and Leon 'o. Jacobson ofthe University of Chicago medicaland biological research center.Their technique-the removal ofsmall pieces of tissue from the spleenfor study under the microscope, orbiopsy of the spleen-is also an aidin prescribing treatment for the pa­tient, since therapy for the leukemiasdiffers from treatment for the diseaseswhich imitate it.Biopsy, the study of fragments ofliving organs, has been widely used indiagnosing diseases of such organs asthe liver, but until the work of thetwo specialists, few doctors in theU. S. had attempted biopsy of thespleen.In the technique used by Dr. Block,assistant professor of medicine, andDr. Jacobson, associate professor ofmedicine, a hollow needle is insertedTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbetween the patient's ribs until itreaches into the spleen for a half inchor an inch. The needle then extractsa small "pencil" of tissue from thespleen, much as a corer cuts the corefrom an apple.The tissue can then be stained andstudied under the microscope to aiddiagnosis of spleen disease. One spe­cial advantage of the technique is thatit may show that an operation to re­move the spleen is unnecessary.Spleen puncture is the best methodyet developed for checking the prog­ress of chemical treatment of the dis­eases which attack the blood-formingtissues of the body. It allows doctorsto see exactly how drugs affect can­cerous tissues not previously accessiblefor study.Spleen puncture is also useful indiagnosing certain kinds of tropicaldiseases, including malaria, Chagas'disease, and others in which one-celledorganisms invade the blood stream.While the technique is not suitablefor use in all cases of spleen and blooddiseases, Drs. Block and Jacobson re­port that spleen puncture, like liverpuncture, may be considered to be acalculated risk in which, over a periodof years, benefit to a series of patientswill outweigh the risk of serious hem­orrhage in an occasional patient. Thetechnique has been used on 55 pa­tients in the University of Chicagoclinics.That Harper familyThe granddaughter of the lateWilliam Rainey Harper, first presi­dent of the University of Chicago,was graduated in the 241st convoca­tion of the Midway university.Mrs. George Overton, the formerJane Harper of Chicago, was granteda doctor of philosophy degree inzoology by Chancellor Robert M.Hutchins. Wife of a law graduateand daughter of the late Paul V.Harper, '08, JD '13, Mrs. Overtonis the mother of two-year-old twinsand a six-year-old boy, whose "busy"schedules coincided with her schooldays.The March convocation was alsomztrked by the presentation of theconvocation address by a Universityof Chicago graduate, Dr. Andrew C.Ivy, '16, Phd '18, MD '21, vice-presi­dent of the University of Illinois, and'by the awarding of "fourth" degreesto two scientists. 11Chancellor Hutchins congratulates Jane Harper Overton, granddaughter ofthe University's first president, William Rainey Harper, who received herdoctor of philosophy degree in. zoology at the March convocation. Mrs.Overton, wife of George Overton, '46, is the daughter of the late PaulVincent Harper, '08, JO'13.Robert D. Tschirgi, San Diego, andCharleton C. Bard, Rochester, bothcollected their fourth degrees fromthe university. Thchirgi was granteda doctor of medicine degree, andBard, a doctor of philosophy degreein chemistry.For Chicagoan Lawrence Berlin,who received a master's in politicalscience, his degree was the eighteenthreceived by members of his familyat the university. His maternal aunt,Mrs. Alfred Lewy, also of Chicago.received her bachelor's in 1901 andwas the first member of the familyto' earn a degree at the Universityof Chicago. Eight cousins of Berlinhave received 16 degrees since then.Franklin Sidell, Joliet, who re­ceived his doctor of medicine degreewith Tschirgi, is the third brother inhis family to receive a doctor's fromthe university. His brothers, Dr. Ches­ter Sidell and Dr. Richard Sidell,both of Grand Rapids, Michigan, re­ceived their degrees in 1938 and 1940respectively.One way to stay pregnantHormone treatment offers hope towomen able to conceive but unableto maintain pregnancy long enough to bear a live child, two University scien­tists report.Dr. M. Edward Davis, '20, MD'22, the Joseph B. DeLee professor ofobstetrics and gynecology at ChicagoLying-in Hospital, and Nicholas Fugo,instructor in pharmacology, treated58 patients with hormones diethylstil­bestrol and progesterone, before an­nouncing their findings in the] ournalof the American Medical Association.In the first group, each of the 38patients had undergone at least threepregnancies without giving birth to achild developed enough to live. Outof 174 pregnancies undergone by themembers of this group, only 15 livinginfants were produced.Treated with oral doses of diethyl­stilbestrol, 42 pregnancies in thisgroup produced 19 living infants.The rate of successful pregnancies in- .creased from 8.5 to 45.2 percent.Treatment with progesterone, the"pregnancy hormone," was even moresuccessful. Previously, the group of18 patients treated had 'undergone 75pregnancies that produced only eightliving children. During this study, the18 expectant mothers were givendaily injections of progesterone. Theygave birth to 12 living children.Percentage-wise, the rate of success-12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEful pregnancies in this group increasedfrom 10.7 to 66.7 percent.Dr. Davis pointed out that thehormone factors responsible for suc­cessful pregnancy are still largely un­known and that doctors are searchingfor the mechanism by 'which thesehormone substances prevent compli­cations during pregnancy.Dempster diesArthur J. Dempster, 63, professorof physics at the University of Chi­cago and discoverer of uranium 235,an essential element of the atomicbomb, died March 11 in Stuart,Florida, where he was vacationing.Death resulted from a heart attack.An authority on mass spectroscopyand on the relative stability of thenucleii of atoms, Professor Dempsterwas internationally known for hisexperiments establishing the large re­lease of energy in the fission ofuramum.His first work was in the study ofisotopes on which he made the firstquantitative study of atomic weight.He was regarded as the principalauthority on positive rays and madeextensive studies _ of the passage ofprotons through helium, in which hediscovered that protons go throughhelium without being appreciably de­flected.He discovered that the protons _ ofa hydrogen atom have wave charac­teristics and that they vibrate at1,000,000 times the frequency of lightwaves.He had been a member of the Uni­versity of Chicago faculty since 1917,and had been a full professor since1927. He was elected to the NationalAcademy of Sciences, and receivedthe $1,000 award of the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement ofScience and the Lewis award of theAmerican_ Philosophical Society.He leaves his widow, Mrs. Ger­maine, Colette Dempster. The Demp­sters resided at 5757 Kenwood ave­nue.Burial was at Toronto, Dr. Demp­ster's birthplace.Safe mo+herhocd-Chicago Lying «in Hospital andDispensary of the University of Chi­cago has the lowest mother-mortalityrate in the world.Another year in Lying-in's impres- sive 54-year history was reviewedwhen the hospital board of directors,comprising 49 women and two men,met for the annual luncheon meeting.Chicago Lying-in doctors delivered4,089 babies last year with a mother­mortality rate of 0.048 percent. In 18years, in 57,158 deliveries, its mother­mortality rate is 0.122 percent.The record of the medical staff isfurther proof of the now common­place utterance by Lying-in patientsthat "it is safer to have a baby atChicago Lying-in than it is to crossa street in city traffic."Chicago Lying-in's record, reportedby Dr. William J. Dieckmann, is:1. There were only two maternaldeaths in the hospital last year, andno maternal deaths the year before.2. Its czesarian mortality, amongthe lowest in the world, is less thanone-half of one percent for an 18-yearperiod. Since 193'1 there have beenonly 12 deaths in 2,871 sections.3. Lying-in had its last fatal caseof true puerperal sepsis - childbedfever - in 1940.4. The infant mortality for 1948-49, 0.88 percent for premature andterm babies born alive, is among thelowest reported from maternity hos­pitals. This record has been achievedby well - equipped and well - staffedpremature and observation nurseries,staffed 24 hours by pediatricians fromthe Bobs Roberts Memorial Hospitalfor Children."Chicago Lying-in's record is inpart the result of modern prenatalcare, modern obstetrical methods, im­proved surgery, improved drugs andsterile technique," Dr. Dieckmannsaid, summing up the record. "It isalso equally the result of unremittingresearch into the problems of child­birth which goes on year after yearin the various departments of the hos­pital and the University of ChicagoClinics.".Speaking statistically, Frank Shank,superintendent of Lying-in, said 2,126boys and 1,963 girls were born duringthe year at the university maternityhospital. There were 43 pairs oftwins.The 4,089 births last year bring thetotal number of Lying-in births to57,158 since 1931, the year the hos­pital affiliated with the University ofChicago. Largest gift to Lying-in during theyear was a $33,000 contribution fromthe Mothers' Aid auxiliary, whichoperates three business projects for thesupport of the hospital, on a volun­teer basis.Mothers' Aid is Lying-in's "magicstork." From its business enterprises-the gift shop and the books Baby� sFirst Seven Years and the Scrapbook-the Mothers' Aid presented $30,000to the DeLee chair of obstetrics and$3,000 for other projects: a milkfund, a scholarship, emergency needsof patients, and even the repair of thecanopy at the hospital entrance.What's an average income?Families in Chicago and the Chi­cago metropolitan area had an aver­age (median) income of $4,200 in1948.Three million of the 5,395,524 per­sons in the Chicago metropolitan areareceived some income during 1948, apreview of the 1950 census taken bythe Community Inventory of the Uni­versity and the U. S. Bureau of theCensus shows.Income for Chicago and the metro­politan area was reported by LouisWirth of the Inventory and Philip M.Hauser, former acting director of theBureau of Census.Estimates of the 1948 income werebased on a scientifically selectedsample of approximately 3,700 house­holds, including 4,300 families andindividuals. A family in the samplesurvey is a group of two or more per­sons related by blood, marriage, oradoptiorf and living in a household.The average income of men was$3,200, and of women, $1,600."Increased employment of wives offamily members, in addition to thefamily head, is one of the factors ac­counting for the rise in family incomeduring recent years both in the Chi­cago area and the country as awhole," Wirth and Hauser stated.The median income of one-earnerfamilies was $3,600, whereas the me­dian for families with two earnerswas $4,700, and for families withthree or more earners, $7,500.Median income of white familiesin the Chicago metropolitan area is$4,400, or $1,500 higher than thatreceived by non-white families.RENDEZVOUS AT REYNOLDSLate 1946 was the year of the big change in the ReynoldsClub and Ida Noyes Hall. Their resources were pooled into a�ind of Student Union, by Dean John Bergstresser, and no longerwas· the Club a hideout exclusively for men, nor Ida Noyesthe domain of women only.Recently a meter-check was made on the students who throngIhrough Club doors between II :30 A.M. and 12:30 on a typical,day, to, ptay canasta, read the ample files of newspapers andIlI1agazines (ranging from Punch through the National Geo­graphic) attend meetings or perhaps scan the bulletin board,Iwith its hundreds of cards advertising furniture-to-be-sold, rides110 California, etc. No, less than 1207 lingered for a portion ofIhe noon hour.I Some day, hopes Carol Saunders, assistant director of stu­jdent activities, the campus will have a central Student Union'building, complete with the latest facilities for arts and �rafts,rooms for music-listeners, private dining halls, it Rathskeller,Igame rooms, etc.Meanwhile, plenty of activity transpires in Reynolds: tr.eCamera Club has a fully equipped dark room there, the DailyI'Maroon and Chicago Review (monthly magazine) occupy secondRoor offices, the University Theatre rehearses upstairs in thesmall theatre, 12 billiard tables are busy the day long. FM and,Radio Midway, the campus station, can be heard in the two�unges, scene of art and photograph exhibits. Students playcheckers, canasta or Go (a Japanese game), listen to talks spon­'sored by Student Union, like a recent one by humorist Max Shul­man. With the Coffee Shop, the Club is now a busy hub ofstudent social life. Campus executives, 1950:, this photogenic group, just boundfor a meeting, happens to be the newly organized ReynoldsClub Department of Student Union. Its job is to find waysto liven the Club's social and recreational schedule •..-IIIJ/Ii'fl!f.li1if>50me very competent paintings by student artists are on disoiayl' the Reynolds Club Lounge (to the left). This North Lounge is'pt to be occupied by the bridge and canasta players. The Southrounge is the province of readers and students. A newly redecorated Coffee Shop, hub of campus social gather­ing, now is bedecked with walls painted a brilliant red, greE'n a.ndyellow. Self service is still the rule and the coke-and-coffee linestretches long in mid-morning and mid-afternoon.1314 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEReflections After FiveDEBATERS MOST ELOQUENTFOUR IN THE BIG TENChicago's team garners a championship. Spring also bringsnews that Shimer College is adopting the College curriculum,and Dr. Aaron J. Brumbaugh becomes presidentTHE UNIVERSITY has a newBig Ten championship.At Indiana University, in Bloom­ington, Chicago's debate team tackledthe subject: "Resolved, that the U. S.should nationalize its basic industries"-and came off the winner. I twasthe first time in 22 years the Univer­sity has captured this honor.The University team, sponsoredby Student Forum, consisted of TedWiley, Curt Crawford, Roy Green­away, and George Beall. Ted, a first­year law student, has debated for twoyears and represented Chicago atWest Point last year. For Curt, astudent in the Theological Seminary,it was a double triumph: just shortlybefore, he had been judged the out- By Robert M. StrozierDean of Studentsstanding speaker at the national tour­nament, held in Georgetown, Wash­ington. Roy, a: student in the Col­lege, and George, who is in the SocialSciences, are serving their first year asvarsity speakers and David Ladd is di­rector of Student Forum, and coachof the team.At the Big Ten meet, the favoritewas Indiana, but Beall and Wiley suc­cessfully affirmed the debate proposi­tion against Wisconsin, and defend­ing Big Ten champs, Ohio State andIllinois; the negative. team, Crawfordand Greenaway, whipped Northwest­ern, Iowa and Ohio State.It is interesting that the Universityis the only school in the Big TenCoach David Ladd of the newly-crowned Big Ten debate champions briefsthe team before the annual debate tournament at the University of Indiana.Left to right are Ladd, Ted Wiley, George Beall, Roy Greenaway and CurtisCrawford. which does not offer courses in speech,or have a full-scale debate team.Brumbaugh for presidentAaron J. Brumbaugh, AM ' 18,PhD '29-well remembered by U ni­versity alumni as a former Dean ofthe College and Dean of Students-isleaving his post in Washington, D. C.,as vice president of the AmericanCouncil of Education. He is to be­come president of Frances ShimerCollege at Mt. Carroll, Illinois, onJuly 1.Equally interesting, Frances Shimerwill then become co-educational, andadopt a curriculum of liberal educa­tion modelled on that of our ownUniversity College. The four year pro­gram of liberal education will beginafter the end of the sophomore yearof high school, and an AB degree beawarded, after completion of 14 basiccourses, as at Chicago.John Russell, now acting presidentof Shimer, and I made a trip toWashington to see Mr. Brumbaughand work out a plan of affiliation;subsequent meetings of the Boards ofboth the University and Shimer con­firmed the plan.A co-educational school only 120miles from our campus, administeringmuch the same College Program inquite a different setting, should proveto be a most interesting experiment.Shimer College, which is 97 years old,has an excellent physical setup, at­tractive surroundings, an able staff,and a commitment to general educa­tion. From time to time, I meet par­ents who would like to have theirchildren enjoy our College program,THE U N I V E R SIT Y 0 F _C H I C AGO MAG A Z I N E 15bu t who prefer not to send them to alarge university.Shimer may prove the solution forthem. Its campus offers such addedattractions as a stable of riding horses,tennis courts, swimming pool and golfcourse. M t. Carroll is a charming,small town and the College is almosta self-contained community.The decision to adopt the Chicagocurriculum, according to an announce-Aaron J. Brumbaughment made by Shimer trustees, is inorder "to promote and expand theopportunities for a general liberal edu­cation, and to cultivate the teachingand testing techniques which best sup­port such an education." For severalyears, Shimer has been experimentingin the use of some of the generalcourses, offered by the College of the University of Chicago. Now it willnot only extend the use of thesecourses, but adopt the testing and ex­amining procedures of the Chicagoplan. In addition to the required basicprogram, students will be able to takethe non-credit courses in music, artand drama for which Shimer is wellknown.The University of Chicago is inter­ested in the collaboration since it per­mits expansion and development ofthe Chicago type of liberal educationin a college not directly a part of theUniversity. Chancellor Hutchins, ofcourse, has consistently maintainedthat the Chicago College offers a kindof education which can be universallyestablished through colleges generally,and the Shimer adoption should pro­vide independent evidence as to thevalue of the Chicago program.To provide for cooperation, an af­filiation which has existed legally withthe University since 1896, but whichhasn't been in practical effect formany years, will be reactivated. Therehas always been a continuing informalrelationship between the two institu­tions through their boards of trustees.Dr. Harper was a member of theShimer board, as was Thomas W.Goodspeed, Alonzo K. Parker, FrankJ. Miller and Lathan A. Crandall.Presiden t Ernest Cadman Colwell ofthe University is presently a memberof the board and its vice president.The new affiliation agreement willbe revived at the end of five years,but may be terminated before thatSpring scene at Shimer College, near Mount Carroll, Illinois, which is adopt­ing the University of Chicago College curriculum. time with the consent of the boardsof both institutions. Thereafter, eithermay terminate upon a year's notice.Frances Shimer originally was estab­lished in 1853 as a co-educational col­lege. During the Civil War all itsmale students were in the UnionArmy, and Shimer became a woman'scollege. For a period after WorldWar II it admitted some male vet­erans, as non-resident students. In1896, Mrs. Frances Wood Shimer, co­founder with Miss Cinderella Gregory,transferred control to a self-perpetuat­ing board of trustees. The originalacademy buildings were destroyed byfire in 1906 and replaced by the pres­ent quadrangle of 12 main buildingsof stone and brick, of colonial stylearchitecture. Average enrollment hasbeen running about 200.Season of convenfiensAs I write this, officially it is springand Spring Quarter is under way butfrom my window I see only overcastsky and the threat of snow. I en­joyed a brief preview of the season inWilliamsburg, Va., when I attendedthe annual conference of the NationalAssociation of Deans and Advisers ofMen. In March, spring was full­fledged, with budding peachtrees,hyacinths and jonquils in bloom. Theweek following my return was sup­posed to be a between-quarters vaca-,tion but no such lull exists in the ad­ministrative offices of the University.For the National Association of For­eign Student Advisers was conveningin the Congress Hotel, Chicago, andwe were kept on the move, commut­ing between convention and busyoffices.I spoke at the opening session andmanaged to air a few things I feelkeenly about the whole field of foreignstudent affairs. For example, I thinkthe Institute of International Educa­tion in N ew York should be the realcenter for processing all foreign stu­dents in this country-a task which isnow variously shared by the Army andState Department, among other agen­cies. The Institute is in the best posi­tion to see that students are placed inthe proper schools: it could also bethe U. S. clearing-house of informa­tion about foreign universities, anddisseminate information about ourschools abroad.I said too that I believed our con-16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsular agents abroad should be chargedwith great responsibility in approvingvisas for students coming to Americato study, for screening their Englishlanguage ability, their prospects offinancial support and other suchmatters.Weare not as much disturbed asmany universities by foreign studentsbeing sent without proper prepara­tion. We have more than 300 foreignstudents at the University now, andare helping many of them throughfellowships and scholarships. Manyare sup p 0 r ted by non-Universityfunds, but the situation is becomingworse, inevitably, as exchange rateswi th the rest of the world are to theirdisadvantage. Moreover, the prospectsof more dollars going abroad to sup­port a continuous flow of students tothis country seem dim. This means,of course, that universities and privatefoundations and donors, as well as thegovernment, must cooperate if thisvital international exchange is to con­tinue.The first part of Spring Quarter isan intense time of year. Everyonetries to have his show or put on hisdance before students dig in for thelast stretch before final exams. TheInter-dorm Formal was given at theShoreland on the 14th of April. Alively spirit exists in Foster, Kelly,Green, and Beecher, and the coopera­tive planning being done by the HouseCouncils for a big formal occasion,such as this dance, is accomplishedwith greatest enthusiasm.Visiting JapaneseThe number of visitors from Japanthese days is amazing. I had lunchwith the President of Keio at theQuadrangle Club recently. To mysurprise he told me that Keio is theoldest university in Japan, even olderthan the Imperial University III Tokyo. He carried pictures of theirnew buildings, which are ultra mod­em in style, and quite handsome.They are establishing an internationalcenter in hopes that students fromAmerica and elsewhere will come forstudy. The University is also estab­lishing some scholarships for bothfaculty and students.April 1 was the day we announcedfellowships and scholarships for the1950-51 academic year at the levelof the Divisions and the ProfessionalSchools.The number of applications for fel­lowships and scholarships was' doublethat of last year. This bespeaks notonly the desire of many students tocome to the University, but increas­ing difficulty in finding the moneywith which to pay for an education.Weekends with the folksWe are announcing a new experi­ment this Autumn, for students enter­ing the College who come from theCity and the suburbs near Chicago.In many cases the commuting dis­tances are almost insuperable. If theseyoung people spend weekends athome, their parents are justifiably re­luctant to pay the expenses of livingfull time in a dormitory.F or this reason we are assigningpart of Hitchcock Hall (which inci­dentally reverts to men this year afterbeing used as a women's dormitoryduring and since the war) for menwho come from metropolitan areas,and are designating a portion ofGroup C for women. We hope to ex­periment with about 50 students on afour-day plan which will permit thestudent to live in the residence hallsMondays through Thursdays, withthe privilege of going home on Fridayafternoons for the weekends. Thiswould reduce expenses quite sharply,of course, and we hope will prove at- tractive to many prospective collegestudents.Campus ChestI have watched the growth of theCampus Chest with more than usualinterest, because it is a bold experi­ment by students in unifying a certaingroup of their activities. ' Its purposeis to integrate the collection of studentcharities, eliminating any duplicationof efforts by the several charitableorganizations operating on campus.To look at the variety of activities nowexistent, you almost conclude studentinterests are atomized, and that every­one is an uncompromising individual­ist. In a way the Chest is demonstrat­ing the strength of the student com­munity, and its ability to pull together.Several hundred students are at workmaking collections, and preliminaryreports are encouraging. Danny Levintold me last week that one fraternitypledged an average of $20 a member,which I think an exceedingly com­mendable record.Any cheaHng at Chicago?Last year a national survey askedme ab?ut cheating at the Universityof Chicago. I answered that whilewe favor student government to theextent that students assume responsi­bility for themselves, we did not havean honor system at the Universitynor did we contemplate establishin:�one. It is obvious that when exa��inations mean not only placementat the beginning of the year, butjudge a student's work for the entireyear, we must take a great deal ofresponsibility for the 0 per at ion.Therefore we assume full responsi­bility for the proper and fair ad­ministration of the examinations. Myown experience with the honor sys­tem indicates that it is advisable onlywhere there is a small student body.For Your Date. BookREUNION AND HOMECOMINGJune 7-10On'Their ToesSome 25 young people, living in the Uni­versity area, have been rehearsing furiouslysince January I for their first performance asa ballet group, finally christened the BALLET­MOVO after much searching for a name.Student Union sponsors the debut, scheduledto come off May 9th in Mandel Hall.Lorraine Crawford, '42, who was graduateda biochemist and has since been working asan artist, is responsible for the choreography,sets and costumes for "Kalpa," an allegoricalballet based on a Hindu theme. Her husband,Jack Crawford who is now working toward aPhD in Physics, lends the troupe a hand asbusiness manager. Carol Davis, '48, an artist,has designed costumes and sets for "The GreatElopement," a story-telling ballet of the 18thcentury, done by Charles Bockman, professionalcoach, and choreographer of "Surprise Sym­phony," the third offering on the program.Christine Tardy, '46, works at public relationsfor the troupe, as well as dancing with it. Twoother ballet members, Lloyd Bernard Tygett,'48, and Robert Bresgall, '49, both are pro­fessional dancers. Other participants by daywork as secretaries, teachers, scientists, andpractice diligently at the Bockman studio everyevening and most of Se+urdey and Sunday­with high hopes of some day devoting full timeto ballet.This is a professional grand ',ete, executed by BudTygett, star in all three ba lets, who appears onTV programs and in local nightclubs. All the scenery for the Midway's new ballet trou�e is .han�painted . in thespacious studio-apartment of Jack �ra�ford and .hls ?rtlst-wl.fe Lorraine, onKenwood Avenue. With Carol DaVIS (right) Lorraine IS blocking out a back­drop for the number "Kalpa."Most of these ballet enthusiasts hold fulltime jobs during the day and devoteevenings and most of the weekend to rehearsals. During a rest period, theygo over the choreography: left to right, Lorraine Crawford, John Crawford,Christine Tardy, Robert Bresgal; Bernard Tygett, Carol Davis.Carol Davis designed these costumes for "TheGreat Elopement:' The handsome ballerinas: Chris­tine Tardy, Lorraine CrawFord and the designer.L. �1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPatterns of Peacemaking (cont' d from page 6)virtually nothing left in the UN armies lined up and ready for warbuilding, used as headquarters. Evac- without incidents occurring whichuation had been ordered by a senior would lead to more fighting. Indeed,officer. A rumor had been circulated during the second truce, especially in-given credence by him-that when the latter stages, there was consider­the first truce ended the Arabs plan- able fighting in Negev and Galilee;ned to mass their air strength and But it was not significant.bomb Haifa out of existence. (It was The general war in Palestine hadhardly likely such air power was avail- ended when Count Bernadotte sue­able to either of the fighting parties.) ceeded in arranging the first truce,Count Bernadotte revoked the order, June 11. The backbone of the fight­but great damage was done the pres- ing was then broken. On Novembertige of the United Nations. 16, the Security Council, in responseThirty-two casualties to our appeal, passed a resolution ask-ing Arabs and Jews to enter into ne­There were tremendous risks in the gotiations for an armistice. Our newwork. You know of course of the un- problem was-how to get the twofortunate assassination of Count parties together.Bernadotte. In all, ten other observ- The Israelis, naturally, were will-ers were killed and 21 wounded In ing to negotiate, for it was to theirthe course of 10 months. interest to stop the fighting. They hadMost impressive was the extent to not started the war and they des­which the United Nations was able perately needed peace to organizeto exercise authority. It gave orders their new state internally, and getfor withdrawing troops; UN observ- themselves recognized externally. Theers were stationed in ports and on air- reluctance of the Arabs was traceablefields; everything coming off ships, to a number of reasons, some matterspassengers included, was checked. of prestige,. some political.The UN flag flew throughout theNear East on air, sea and land ve- Newspaper troublehicles and from the crests of build- I recall that at one stage an erro-ings. We flew from one country to neous newspaper report set us backanother, landing with ten to 12 aides, for weeks. I had made considerableand walked straight through customs headway in talking with the Arabs onand immigration officers. Both sides the question of the armistice and in­accorded utmost respect to the au- deed received an agreement fromthority of the United Nations. some that they would support it. ThenThis doesn't mean they liked our the Paris press reported that Generalpresence there. Within a short time Riley and I had called the Arabs inthe UN came to be regarded as a and told them their military positionkind of occupation army, with all the was hopeless and they had better sur­handicaps and antipathy this in-' render. It was utterly false, but thevolves. But there were few instances damage was done and Arab repre-in which either Arabs or Jews ac- sentatives immediately began gettingtually defied UN authority.Most remarkable was the fact that indignant cables from their capitols.here was an international team, an in- The deal was off. Where the storyoriginated-firmly denied by me-Iternational peace army if you please, still don't know.of more than 700 persons (exclusiveof warship crews), assembled quickly Remember, during these negotia-and haphazardly, people who had no tions the war was still very much inpersonal interest in the area but who progress .. The Arab armies were fullyquickly weldedthemselves into a loyal intact. No crushing defeats had beenand inspired team. Despite hazards, administered to anybody. The pos­no one ever asked to go· home or be sibility that war could and would berelieved. renewed remained very great.Now for the armistice negotiations. The Egyptians were the first to. ac-..... No t�ce could last indefinitely. It cept the offer to come to Rhodes and�wouH" have to be supplanted by .a .' negotiate an armistice. If this firstmore definite and assuring step to- bargaining succeeded we were deadward peace. It was impossible to keep certain negotiations with Jordan and Syria and Lebanon would follow andalso succeed.We anticipated difficulties overquestion of substance. But as fresh­men to this work, we did not expectthat some of our most severe criseswould result from conflicts amongdelegates.On a number of occasions, "in­sults" threatened to break up the ne­gotiations at the most crucial mo­ment. We found we could not getaway from the human factor, no mat­ter how perfect, how expert, how �n­genious our drafting and preliminarywork had been. Let me illustrate.For want of a handshake ...A handshake may seem a normal,unimportant thing, hut a handshakingincident virtually caused the break­down of one set of negotiations. Twodelegations, one Israeli and one Arab,were quartered on the little island ofRhodes for five days. There was onlyone hotel on the island and it is small.Both delegations were housed in thehotel and saw each other daily, pass­ing in the halls, eating in the samedining room. But we could neverbring them together. Indeed, Icouldn't even introduce the two chair­men to each other.The Arab chairman took the posi­tion that it was not necessary to meetthe Israelis; that his delegation couldtalk with me, then I could talk to theIsraelis and relay word back to himof our talks. This was an endlesschain, and after five days I had totell him my athletic days were farbehind me and that I couldn't keepup this nonsense any longer. More­over certain things could only be donein a joint meeting; We needed tomeet if only to approve my positionas chairman of the negotiations. Avery short meeting was agreed to.We went about it with great care,preparing the script, setting up a rec­tangular table in the room with thetW(L sides far enough apart so thatdelegates couldn't resume the war per­sonally; In setting up procedure, itwas decided that when the two dele­gations came in, 1 would introducethe two chairmen to each other, andthey,,�would shake .. .hands, I pointedout that even among enemies certainelemental rules must be followed.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19This was agreed to.On the meeting day, everythingwent according to the script; the Arabdelegation was seated. The Israelisentered and I walked with their chair­man over to the Arab chairman.There the script failed, because theArab sat looking frigidly ahead, rec­ognizing neither of us.Personal insultThe Israeli chairman was properlyinsulted. But he was a responsible per­son and instead of stalking out of theroom went to sit with his delegation.He went, however, with measuredstride. The atmosphere was electric.Both sides were tense. It became theshortest international meeting on rec­ord. I banged the gavel, called theattention of the degations to the agen­da, permitted nobody to speak, andsaid "I have heard no objections toany of the items on the agenda," andadjourned the' meeting.Immediately after, the Israeli chair­man came to me and said : "Youknow, I can take a personal insult,especially when the stakes are big, butI am here also as a representative ofmy state and this was an insult to usboth. I cannot take responsibility forthat. I must go to Tel Aviv in themorning to find if we can remain onthe Island at all. My own hunch isthat they will probably call us home."I went to the Arab, told him whathad happened and said that if nego­tiations broke down, fighting wouldquickly ensue between the armies ofthe two states. Full responsibility forany loss of life and destruction hence­forth would have to be his.He told me then, almost tragically,that he had promised to shake handswith the Israeli chairman, but unfor­tunately, just before the meeting, hisdelegation had held a caucus andvoted that he should not. Still he wasnot willing to take responsibility forbreaking up negotiations. If the Is­raeli chairman would come to myhotel room that night at 9 P. M. hewould not only shake hands but apol­ogize. I was not, however, to "tellhis delegation."As promised, he shook hands withthe Israeli in Arab fashion and beganto offer his apology, at first in haltingEnglish, then lapsing into Arabic. TheIsraeli was a native Palestinian andactually knew and spoke Arabic bet­than the Arab whose native language was Turkish! In the course of theelaborate apology the Arab looked atme, and now being sensitive aboutoffending people, turned to the Is­raeli and asked if he'd be so kind asto translate the apology into English.Whereupon the Israeli profusely apol­ogized to the Arab for his inadequacyin not having done so, promptly didso, and then sat down and embarkedon a long amiable conversation whichended, in Arab fashion, with the twopatting each others' knees.The whole atmosphere changed.The next day when I called a jointmeeting there was no objection. Wehad nothing but joint meetings fromthen on. One man had been insulted,another man had been gentlemanenough to apologize for the insult. Abarrier was down.Four armistice agreements wereconcluded, none of them peace settle­ments in any sense. They ended themilitary phase of the conflict. In eachof the four you will find a most sig­nificant provision-for mixed armi­stice commissions. Four have beenoperating in the Near East since lastspring. Each has as chairman Gen­eral E. Riley, of the U.S. Chief ofStaff. Military representatives of theArab states and the Israelis meet to­gether, under his chairmanship, andtake up daily problems which ariseacross the armistice lines. Some meet­ings have gone beyond that, effectingexchanges of territory.The commissions have demon­strated conclusively, if it was neces­sary, that it is fully possible for Arabsand Jews to sit down with one an­other in good spirit and work outdifficulties.Problems unsolvedI believe that one of the outstand­ing problems, in making a permanentPalestinian peace, will be that of theArab refugees. Some 650,000 to 700,-000 human beings are homeless andhave been kept alive for two yearslargely by the relief efforts of theUnited Nations. If a satisfactorycompromise solution to the refugeedilemma can be found, I think noother problems exist-political or eco­nomic-which could not be resolved,including the question of Jerusalem.From the press, all too often, youget a sort of' blow-by-blow accountof international disagreements which take place in the principal organs ofthe United Nations-the General As­sembly, the Security Council, theTrusteeship Council, etc. The picturethey paint is something like this: Thedelegates of 59 nations come period­ically to headquarters. They sit abouttables debating important politicaland economic and social issues. Theygenerally disagree, then adjourn andgo home, only to return and repeatthe process. Newspapers keep the boxscore of the wrangling.This is only one phase of the workof the United Nations-and an exag­gerated phase at that. The truth isthat in any day's work there is moreagreement than disagreement. AfterUN agencies have deliberated on vitalissues confronting them, after theyhave made the political decisions onquestions, for example, affecting thepeace, a second stage sets in-of fieldoperation and followup work. Thisstage was not characteristic of theLeague of Nations.Hope for a peaceful worldWe live in the shadow of conflictbetween East and West, in an eraof mutual suspicions and fears whichfeed the cold war. There is constantdanger of an explosion, of an incidentin a danger spot which might setthe world aflame again-in Berlin,Yugoslavia, the Far East, Indonesia,Korea, or even possibly Greece. Itwould constitute one of the greatestchallenges yet faced by the UnitedNations which thus far has been ableto contain such outbreaks.Yet I believe, and believe firmly,that the peoples of the globe longfor a peaceful and free world. Ibelieve, moreover, that there are noreally warlike peoples or even gov­ernments bent on war if any reason­able alternative is available. I realizethat there are a good many govern­ments which are willing to face war, ifthere is no other choice. But to takethat extreme and fatal step, theywould have to conclude that the is­sues at stake are of such vital na­tional concern that war, with all itsattendant risks in an atomic age,would be preferable to any nego­tiated compromise. I just do not seewhat specific issues exist at the pres­en t time between East and Westwhich would lead either party, orboth, to that extreme.MAY CALENDARMonday, May 1TENNIS-At Varsity Courts. U of C versus Valparaiso, 2:00 p.m.Free.Wednesday, May 3BASEBALL-At De Kalb, Illinois. U of C versus Northern Illi­nois State Teachers'.LECTURES-Charles Morris, lecturer in philosophy, Universityof Chicago, "The Ways of the Center," public course, Pathsof Life, 8 p.m., room 122, Social Science building (1126 East59 street). $.75.Morton D. Zabel, professor of English, University of Chicago,·"Some Aspects of Modern Poetry," Modern Poetry Librarypublic poetry reading, 3:30 p.m., Wieboldt Common room(1050 East 59 street). Free.Michael Polanyi, professor of physical chemistry, Victoria Uni­versity, Manchester, England, Alexander White visiting pro­fessor, University of Chicago, "The Span of Central Direction,"Committee on Social Thought series The Logic of Liberty,4:30 p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59street). Free.S. I. Hayakawa, lecturer in University College, University ofChicago, "How Well Do You Listen?" first of six lectures onHow Can Semantics Help? 6:45 p.m., Woodrow Wilson room,116 South Michigan avenue. Series $4; single admission $1.Thursday, May 4LECTURE-Phillips Talbot, visiting assistant professor of po­litical science, University of Chicago, "Can 'Point Four' Com­pete with Communism?" sixth in Point Four: New Approachto Peace series, 5:15 p.m., Woodrow Wilson Room, 116 SouthMichigan avenue. $1.Friday, May 5MUSIC-Ernst Levy, Swiss pianist-composer and professoriallecturer in the humanities, University of Chicago, "The LatePiano Sonatas of Beethoven," lecture-concert on The PianoSonata in the Nineteenth Century, 8:30 p.m., Leon MandelHall (5714 University avenue). Free.TENNIS-At Greencastle, Indiana. U of C versus De Pauw.GOLF-At Mohawk Country Club. U of C versus Elmhurst.TRACK-At Greencastle, Indiana.. U of C versus De Pauw.Saturday, May 6BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus Notre Dame, 2:30p.m. Free.GOLF-At Deerpath Country Club. U of C versus Lake Forest.Sunday, May 7RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn, 11 a.m. The Reverend John B. Thompson, Deanof the Chapel.MUSIC-Ernst Levy, Swiss pianist-composer and professoriallecturer in the humanities, University of Chicago, "Liszt'sB Minor Sonata," lecture-concert on The Piano Sonata in theNineteenth Century, 8:30 p.m., Leon Mandel Hall (5714University avenue). Free.Monday, May 8LECTURES-Harris Dante, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago; "The New Deal," Twentieth-CenturyAmerica series, 6: 15 p.m., 19 South LaSalle street. Seriestickets onlv.Mark Abrams, director, Research Services, IhC., and visitingprofessor of sociology, University of Chicago, "Economic In­centive," fourth in Social Problems of the Welfare State series,4:30 p.m., room 10, Classics Building (1000 East 59 street).Free.Mordecai M. Kaplan, professor of homiletics, Jewish TheologicalSeminary, New York, title to be announced, University ofChicago Charles W. Gilkey lecture, 8 p.m., Breasted Hall,Oriental Institute (1155 East 58 street). Free.Tuesday, May 9GOLF-At Silver Lake Golf Course. U of C versus. Beloitand Northern Illinois College of Optometry, I :30 p.m. Free.Wednesday, May 10BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus Bradley, 3:30 p.m.Free.LECTURES-S. I. Hayakawa, lecturer in University College,University of Chicago, "Semantic Aids to Propaganda Analysis,"third in How Can Semantics Help? series, 6:45 p.m., WoodrowWilson room, 116 South Michigan avenue. $1.Michael Polanyi, professor of physical chemistry, Victoria Uni­versity, Manchester, and Alexander White visiting professor,University of Chicago, "The Scope of Self-Coordination," Com­mittee on Social Thought series, The Logic of Liberty, 4:30p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59 street).Free. Charles Morr is, lecturer in philosophy, University of Chicago,"The Pattern of Human Values," public course, Paths of Life,8:00 p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59street). $.75.Mark Abrams, director, Research Services, Inc., and visitingprofessor of sociology, University of Chicago, "Pauperizationof the Middle Class," fifth in Social Problems of the WelfareState series, 4:30 p.m., room 10, Classics Building (1000 East59 Street). Free.Thursday, May IITENNIS-At Varsity Courts. U of C versus Beloit, 2:00 p.m.Free.LECTURE-Frank Smothers, lecturer in University College,University' of Chicago, former foreign correspondent, ChicagoDaily News, "The Chinese People: Their Land, Labor, andEnduring Problems," first in China in Revolution series, 5:15p.m., Woodrow Wilson room, 116 South Michigan avenue.Series of five lectures, $3; single admission, $.75.Friday, May 12GOLF-At Silver Lake Golf Course. U of C versus Valparaiso,1:30 p.m. Free. _TENNIS--At Valparaiso, Indiana. U of C versus Valparaiso.MUSIC-University Concert. juill iard String Quartet playingBerg's Lyric Suite, Haydn's String Quartet, G major, Opus 77,and Janacek's Quartet No.1, E minor, 8:30 p.m., Leon Man­del Hall (5714' University avenue), University of Chicago ..$1.50.LECTURE-Mortimer J. Adler, professor of philosophy of law,University of Chicago, author, How to Read a Book, "TheFreedom of the Will," Great Ideas series, 7:30 p.m., 32 WestRandolph street. $1.50.Saturday, May 13BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus St. Joseph's College,2:30 p.m. Free.GOLF-Site unannounced. U of C versus Illinois Tech andWayne. Free.TRACK-At Elmhurst. U of C versus Elmhurst.Sunday, May 14RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn, 11 a.m. The Reverend Wallace W. Robbins, As­sociate Dean of the Chapel.MUSIC-Collegium Musicum concert, 8:30 p.m., Leon MandelHall (5714 University avenue) , University of Chicago. Free.Monday, May 15LECTURES-Harris Dante, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago, "World Politics, 1920-39," Twentieth Cen­tury America series, 6: 15 p.m., 19 South LaSalle street, Seriestickets onl y.Mark Abrams, director, Research Services, Inc., and visitinoprofessor of sociology, University of Chicago, "Changes i�Social Institutions," last of Social Problems of the WelfareState series, 4:30 p.m., room 10, Classics Building (1000 East59 street). Free. 'Tuesday, May 16BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus Illinois-Navy Pier,3:30 p.m. FreeTENNIS-At Varsity Courts U of C versus Illinois Tech, 2:00p.m. Free.LECTURE-Thornton N. Wilder, Pulitzer prize-winner fordrama and literature, "Characteristics of American Litera­ture," University of Chicago Settlement benefit series, 8:30p.m., Leon Mandel Hall (5711 University avenue). $1.20 and$1.50.Wednesday, May 17TENNIS-At Lake Forest. U of C versus Lake Forest.LE�TU�ES-l\;1ich�el Polanyi, professor of physical c�emistry,Victoria University, Manchester, and Alexander White visit­ing professor, University of Chicago, "On Polycentricitv,'Committee on Social Thought series on The Logic of Liberty,4:30 p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59street). Free.Charles Morris, lecturer in philosophy, University of Chicago,"The Forms of Frustration," public course, Paths of Life,S p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59 street) .$.75.S. I. Hayakawa, lecturer in University College, University ofChicago, "Cloud Cuckooland and Beyond: The Process ofAbstracting," How Can Semantics Help? series, 6:45 pm.,Woodrow Wilson room, 116 South Michigan avenue. $1.Thursday, May 18BASEBALL-At Collegeville, Indiana. U of C versus St. Joseph's.20THE UNIVERSITY OFLECTURE-Frank Smothers, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago, former foreign correspondent, ChicagoDaily News, "The Nationalists: Their Rise, Decline and Fall,"China in Revolution series, 5:15 p.m., Woodrow Wilson room,116 South Michigan avenue. $.75.Saturday, May 20TRACK-At Stagg Field. U of C versus Northern Illinois StateTeachers', 2:30. Free.GOLF-At Silver Lake Golf Course. Chicago Intercollegiate,8:30 a.m. Free.Sunday, May 21RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn, II a.m. The Reverend Harry Meserve, First Uni­tarian Society, San Francisco.Monday, May 22LECTURE-Harris Dante, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago, "Latin America and the Far East,"Twentieth-Century America series, 6: 15 p.m., 19 South LaSallestreet. Series tickets only.Tuesday, May 23BASEBALL-At Kalamazoo, Michigan. U of C versus WesternMichigan.Wednesday, May 24I"ECTURES-S. I. Hayakawa, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago, "Time, Space, and relatedness: TheSemantics of Modern Art," illustrated lecture in How CanSemantics Help? series, 6:45 p.m., Woodrow Wilson room,116 South Michigan avenue. $1.Charles Morris, lecturer in philosophy, University of Chicago,"Facts and Values," public course, Paths of Life, 8 p.m., room122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59 street). $.75.Michael Polanyi, professor of physical chemistry, Victoria Uni­versity, Manchester, and Alexander White visiting professor,University of Chicago, "The Five Determinants of Social Ac­tion," Committee on Social Thought series on The Logic ofLiberty, 4:30 p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126East 59 street). Free.Thursday, May 25LECTURE-Frank Smothers, lecturer in University College, Uni­versity of Chicago, and former foreign correspondent, ChicagoDaily News, "The Communists: The Revolution They Rideand How They Ride It," China in Revolution series, 5:15p.m., Woodrow Wilson room, 116 South Michigan avenue.$.75. CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21Friday, May 26BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus De Pauw, 1:00 p.m.Free.Saturday, May 27.TRACK-At Milwaukee. U of C versus Milwaukee Teachers.BASEBALL-At Stagg Field. U of C versus Indiana StateTeachers, 2:00 p.m. Free.Sunday, May 28RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn, II a.m. The Reverend Wallace W. R.obbins,Associate Dean of the Chapel.MUSIC-University of Chicago symphony orchestra concert.8:30 p.m., Leon Mandel Hall (5714 University avenue). Free.Monday, May 29LECTURES-George N. Shuster, president, Hunter College, titleto be announced, Norman Wait Harris Foundation conferenceon Germany and the Future of Europe, 8 p.m., Leon MandelHall (5714 University avenue) , University of Chicago. Free.Harris Dante, lecturer in University College, University of Chi­cago, "Coming of World War II", Twentieth-C.entu.ry Americaseries, 6: 15 p.m., 19 South LaSalle street. Series tickets only.Tuesday, May 30LECTURE-Calvin B. Hoover, professor of economics and deanof the graduate school, Duke University, title to be announced,University of Chicago Norman Wait Harris Foundation con­ference on Germany and the Future of Europe, 8 p.m., LeonMandel Hall (57.14 University avenue). Free.Wednesday, May 31LECTURES-James P. Warburg, former deputy director, Over­seas Branch, Office of War Information, title to be announced,University of Chicago Norman Wait Harris Foundation con­ference on Germany and the Future of Europe, 8 p.m., LeonMandel Hall (5714 University avenue). Free.Michael Polanyi, professor of physical chemistry, Victoria Uni­versity, Manchester, and Alexander White visiting professor,University of Chicago, "On The Scope of Social Institutions,"Committee on Social Thought series on The Logic of Liberty,4:30 p.m., room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59street). Free.Charles Morris, lecturer in philosophy University of Chicago,"Wisdom, East and West," public course, Paths of Life, 8 p.m.,room 122, Social Science Building (1126 East 59 street). $.75.Horace R .. Byers, chairman, department of meteorology, Uni­versity of Chicago, "The New Results of Structure and Dy­namics of Thunderstorms," Chicago chapter Sigma Xi lecture,S p.m., room 133, Eckhart Hall (1118 East 58 street). Free.Alumni Lounge Headquarters for ReunionALUMNI DAYSaturday, June 10lOA. M.-Campus Tour including thememorial cancer hospitaljust opened and occupied.12 noon-Alumnae Breakfast at IdaNoyes Hall.I P. M.-Campus tour.3 P. M.-Mortimer J. Adler speaks atthe Alumni Assembly inMandel Hall.4 P. M.-President's garden receptionat home of Dr. and Mrs.Ernest C. Colwell.6 P. M.-Senate Dinner at QuadrangleClub.8:45 P. M.-Fortieth InterfraternitySing.Class reunions scheduled to date: 1900,1915, 191 6-17, 191 8, 1920, 1940.Thursday, June 8-Alumni-Varsity baseball game ill the afternoon; annual CMen's dinner in the evening.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE fight is on to save more lives in 1950!Now is the time to back science to the hiltin i�s battle against cancer.Important gains have already been made.Last year, 67,000 men, women and childrenwere rescued from, death by cancer. Manymore can be saved-if you resolve to save them-if you strike back at cancer.Give! Give yout dimes and quarters anddollars. More treatment.facilities are needed, more skilled physicians, more medical equip­ment and laboratories. The success of greatresearch and educational programs dependson your support.Your contribution to the American CancerSociety supports these vital efforts. It helpsguard your neighbor, yourself, your lovedones. So this year, strike back at cancer •..Give more than before ..• Give as generouslyas you can.AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETYTHE UNIVERSITY 23OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF· THE CLASSES1896Mrs. Frances W. Burks (Frances Willis­ton) writes that she keeps busy with Inter­national Relations and Modern Books sec­tions in the Palo Alto branch of theA.A.U.W. 1914Arden Erbin Ross, JD, is in the legal de­partment of the Amerada Petroleum Cor­poration, Tulsa, Oklahoma.Idella R. Berry was director of educationin Newport News, Virginia for 30 years un­til retirement in 1948_Alison Aitchison, SM, continues workingfor the improvement of geography teachingin Iowa since entering upon the emeritusstatus at Iowa State Teachers College,Cedar Falls. She teaches geography at thecollege on a part-time arrangement, ap­pears on teachers-institute programs invarious parts of the state, and is writing aseries of pamphlets which the ExtensionDepartment publishes and distributes.Those that have come from the press areon globes and maps, soil conservation,teaching aids (about 10 units) for fifthgrade, and similar aids for the sixth grade.In association with Marguerite Uttley, PhD'37, she is engaged in preparing new geo­graphical material for elementary schools.Howell W. Murray, who faithfully sendsus many clippings about alumni wewouldn't recognize in the news, failed tosend us a recent clipping from the ChicagoTribune showing Howell examining amodel of the new Ravinia concert pavilionnow nearing completion. Murray suc­ceeded Percy B. Eckhart, '99, as chairmanof the festival. Classmate Erling H. Lunde,'14, was the news clipper in this instance.Patty Newbold (Mrs. Walter Heefner) ishaving fun selling advertising for the Chris­tian Science Monitor. She lives in Hemp­stead, Long Island. Her three girls havegrown up. The eldest is married, the sec­ond working on her master's, and the thirdis a sophomore at New Paltz Teachers Col­lege in New York, where she is studyingfor nursery school teaching. Mrs. HoefnerRush ReunionThe Rush Medical class of 1900 ismaking preliminary plans for a 50threunion of alumni in Chicago onJune 12. Members of that class areasked to contact Dr. H. H. Kleinpell,Prairie Du Chien, Wisconsin.1902Robert L. Henry, JD '08, is a memberof the law school faculty at LouisianaState University in Baton Rouge.1911Charles V. Stansell, AM, is connectedwith The Kansas City Star in Kansas City,Missouri.Florence Catlin Brown informs theAlumni office of her recent travels. Shetook a freighter cruise down the WestCoast to Costa Rica and a <trip to Europe.The trip to Europe was part business-shehandled publicity for 40 American womenwho were on their way across to the Inter­national Congress of Business and Profes­sional Women. She reports talking to Hil­mar Baukhage, '11 in Washington last sum­mer-"he was amusing and inspiring."Herbert L. Willett Junior is secretary­treasurer of Government Services, Inc., theorganization which furnishes about 90,000meals a day in federal buildings in Wash­ington, operates a wide variety of recrea­tional activities and entertains severalthousand vacationers each summer at Fon­tana Village, North Carolina.1903George A. Barker, who inspired manyColorado teachers of geography during hisyears of service in the Colorado State Col­lege of Education at Greeley, now livesin California.1909Mary J. Lanier, PhD '24, lives in Welles­ley, the scene of her academic career from1917 to her recent retirement. She con­tinues her active interest in and service tothe community.1910Mable C. Stark, SM '20 is enjoying the new­found freedom of her emeritus status, whichpermits her to take longed-for trips. Withinthe academic year 1948-49 she renewed oldacquaintances on the Quadrangles and thenspent several months in New England. Thelatest word received of her by the Geo­graphy Department told of a series ofhappy wanderings in Arizona.Since grade school days Bradford Gill hasbeen building his stamp collection. Henow has some 40 volumes. He is a mem­ber of the Royal Philatelic Society and inMay will attend the international exhibi­tion in London. While in Europe he willalso visit Amsterdam, Geneva and Italy. 1913Mn. Robert E. Rose (Glenola E. Behling)has spent much of her time traveling inCentral America, South America and somespots in the Caribbean. She visited schools,prisons and hospitals. She took 27 trips tothe Andes and also visited museums andchurches.s. Edwin "Ned�� EarleBy Tom Miller. '09S. Edwin "Ned" Earle, '11, originator of the traditionalInterfraternity Sing and its first master of ceremonies, diedin Winston Salem, North Carolina, home of his daughter, onMarch 26. Funeral services were held in the Winnetka, Illi­nois Congregational Church and in tennent was in OakWoods. He is survived by his wife, a son and a daughter.Ned came to the University from Morgan Park Academyin 1907 and was one of the spark plugs of the famous classof 1911. He was a dash man on the track team for threeyears and a cheer leader in his junior and senior years. Hewas a member of Alpha Delta Phi.On campus he was a member of all class honor societiesand in his senior year was chairman of the 1911 Commence­ment Committee which had charge of the reunion program.Ned had long thought the June reunion lacked a climax; sohe proposed an Interfraternity Sing for the Saturday nightof reunion week. The first Sing was such a success that hewas appointed master of ceremonies again in 1912 and eachyear thereafter until 1948 when ill health compelled him to'move from Chicago to Winston Salem. Last year's Sing wasdedicated to Ned. Recordings were made and sent to Nedas a gift. ..From 1911 to 1948 he was prominent in the printing andlithographing business. . For many years he was president ofthe Northern Bank Note Company of Chicago. In 1946 Nedwas appointed by Senator Robert Taft as personnel advisorto the Senate Majority Committee.s. Edwin Earle24 THE UNIVERSITY CHICAGO MAGAZINEwas doing high school substitute teachingbut is tapering off now that the girls haveleft the home nest.1915Etta F. Walker Plimpton writes: "InFebruary my husband retired, after 50years' practice of medicine as a 'countrydoctor' in Denison, Iowa, and vicinity. Weare now enjoying the mild climate of Flor­ida (Penny Farms), having taken advantageof the opening of this delightful communityto laymen."Harold A. Moore, senior vice president ofthe Chicago Title and Trust company, Chi­cago, has been named general chairman ofthe 1950 Chicago Community Fund drive.He was a divisional chairman last year.Ward H. Maris, a major general in thearmy, has been assigned to research anddevelopment in Washington.John J. Eshleman, JD, who lives in Ath­erton, California, is a past president of theSan Francisco Big Ten Club. Even thoughChicago is no longer in the Big Ten,alumni are eligible to join this club eitherin San Francisco or Los Angeles. Bothclubs are very active.1916Carl R. Moore, PhD, member of theBiological Sciences Division of the Univer­sity, has been invited by The AmericanUrological Association to accept the 1950award for outstanding and meritorious re­search on the male reproductive tract. Thisis the fifth award given by the society. Itconsists of a certificate of award and acheck for $1,000 to be given at the annualmeeting in Washington, D. C., May 29. Dr.Moore will address the group on "TheMale Reproductive System." The zoologyprofessor received also an invitation fromthe director of Centre National De LaRecherche Scientifique to participate in acolloquium in Paris June 5-12. The groupwill discuss "Sexual Differentiation in theVertebrates." Dr. Moore will go to Parisafter the American Urological Associationmeeting. He will join Mrs. Moore there.1917Robert Guy Buzzard, SM, president ofEastern Illinois Teachers College, Charles­ton, is serving as Coordinator of the inter­ests of the National Council of GeographyTeachers and the National Association ofSchool Administrators.Harry Thomas Stock, AM, is one of 46contributing authors in "Orientation InReligious Education," a comprehensivestudy of the field of religious educationwhich was recently published.1919Lucia C. Harrison, SM, retains her homein Kalamazoo, Mich., since her recent re­tirement. Like many others of the emeri­tus groups, she is busy with creative writingin the field of geography.1920Bruce Allison Rogers, SM, is a metal­lurgist at Institute for Atomic Research inAmes, Iowa.Earle Ludgin, president of Earle Ludginand Company, Chicago, and member of theAlumni Foundation Board, has been electeda. director of the American Association ofAdvertising Agencies.George J. Serck of New York City is en­gaged in wholesale furniture distributionin the east and Canada for a group ofSouthern manufacturers. His eldest daugh­ter is at the University of Michigan; hisyoungest, Ellen, is in high school. Other­wise, his major interests are "sales andgolf." OFcember Don planned a dinner at theColumbia Club. University Vice­president Lynn A. Williams was onhand to speak before principals andadvisers of Indianapolis area highschools. Included in Don's expertplanning were his personal calls tothe 30 people who attended theaffair. All this was done before MissLundberg wrote the invitations. Hehandled all arrangements at the din­ner and acted as master of cere­monies. In addition to help of thisnature he has referred to Miss Lund­berg, in the last 18 months, thenames of four students in the sopho­more and junior level in high school.Two of these students have alreadymatriculated, one . has applied fornext year and one is pending.Don came to Indianapolis highschool in 1926. He taught historyand coached track until last yearwhen he quit track to become amember of the guidance department.He has changed also from the teach­ing of history to mathematics. Highschool faculty member, speaking ofDon, have this to say: "Good influ­ence on the students," "excellentteacher," "interest of the school atheart," "doesn't leave with the· schoolbell," "dependable." When it comesto extra-curricular activity at thehigh school-Don is a pace-setter.The university which can claimDon Knight as an alumnus-can in­deed claim an all-university alumnus.All-University AlumnusIf ever an all-university team ofloyal alumni is selected-look for thisname in. the lineup-Don Knight,AM '29, member of the guidance de­partment at Shortridge High School,Indianapolis, Indiana.Don KnightDon, in connection with his posi­tion on the high school staff, hasgone all-out to aid the Universityby recommending top-level studentsfor admission. To give you an ex­ample: When Joan Lundberg, '46,college enrollment representative, de­cided to visit Indianapolis last De-1921William Anthony Willibrand, AM, is aprofessor at the University of Oklahoma.Mrs. Louise M. Burlingame (Louise Mac­Neal) is an x-ray technician in BeverlyHills, California.Harriet Carter, SM, since her retirementfrom active teaching service, lectures towomen's clubs and church groups, averag­ing about one lecture a week throughoutthe season. She chooses subjects throughwhich geography can aid international un­derstanding. Last. year she stressed thework of the United Nations, and her lec­tures for the current season present "U. N.Successes: Personal Observations in Eu­rope."Edwin E. Aubrey, AM, DB '22, PhD '26,is at the University of Pennsylvania estab­lishing a department of religious thoughtand he reports the department is off to anauspicious beginning. His wife, GladysTopping, AM '22, is a member of the na­tional board of the Y.W.C.A. She is alsoactive in the Philadelphia Y.W.C.A., theLeague of Women Voters, and the Women'sUniversity Club.1922Paul V. West, PhD, is professor of educa­tion at New York University. He willretire September 1.Mrs. Beryl Rogers McClaskey, AM, isconnected with the army in Berlin.H. A. Fletcher is manager of the House­hold Products Division of the Pennsyl­vania Salt Manufacturing Co. in Philadel­phia. His wife. Winifred King, '24, is pro­gram chairman for the PhiladelphiaY.W.C.A. 1923Joseph James Runner, PhD, is professorof geology at University of Iowa, IowaCity. Mrs. Runner was Jessie BleakleyRidgway, '14.Percy Byron Roman is a stock and bondbroker in Los Angeles.Edna L. Nash has retired from an officeposition at the University of Michigan.Harold Clayton Smith, is an electricalwholesaler in Dearborn, Michigan.Roy V. Peel, AM, PhD '27, succeededUniversity. Professor P. M. Hauser as Direc­tor of the Census Bureau. Dr. Peel, since]939, has been professor of government atIndiana University.Kathryn Knowlton, SM, PhD '39, startedwork in March as a biochemist in the Sec­tion on Endocrinology of the ExperimentalBiology and Medicine Institute of the Na­tional Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Mary­land. Miss Knowlton had been associatedwith the University department of biochem­istry.1924Richard Mason Fraps, PhD '29, physiol­ogist with the Bureau of Animal Industry,U. S. Department of Agriculture, was oneof the recipients of The Borden Awards,honors established to recognize and encour­age research achievements. Fraps receivedhis award for outstanding contributions toknowledge of reproduction in the fowl.1925Henry F. Becker, SM, continues to headthe geography work at Florida State Uni­versity, Tallahassee, where he has a finestaff of colleagues working with him underTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOa socially oriented program. The followingmembers of the staff hold University de­grees in geography: Harry F. Brubaker,SM '41; David E. Christensen, AM '48;Luther H. Gulick, Jr., AM '48� on leavein1949:50; G. Trenton Kostbade, AM '48;and Robert L. Leathers, SM '47. Currently,Mr. Becker is serving on a part-time basisas Resource Use and Geographic Consult­ant to the Florida State Department ofEducation.Henry P. Bourke, MD (Rush) '29, Chi­cago physician and an army major, recentlyspent a 30·day tour of active duty with theFort Riley Station Hospital in Kansas.Madalyn O'Shea heads the theater de­partment at Sarah Lawrence college inBronxville, New York. She was marriedto Jabez Gray, New York actor, in May,1949.1926Miriam Cressey is teaching a course inPersonality Development at New RochelleHigh School, New Rochelle, New York.This course is part of the curriculum inBusiness Education.Francis Walthour Porro, MD '29, is apathologist at St. Mary's hospital in Evans­ville, Indiana.Frank L. Huntley, AM, PhD '42, profes­sor of English at the University of Michi­gan, was defeated for alderman recently inAnn Arbor city elections. He was a Dem­ocratic candidate.Roy E. Cahall, SM, is Principal of theCentral Vocational High School in Cin­cinnati.Gus J. Solomon was appointed UnitedStates district judge for the district ofOregon last October.Douglas E. Scates, PhD, started as pro·fessor of education at Queens College,Flushing, New York, in February. Beforeaccepting this appointment he was directorof a research project for the AmericanCouncil on Education under contract withthe Office of Naval Research. Prior to thisDr. Scates had been connected with DukeUniversity for nine years. Mrs. Scates isthe former Marjorie Baldiom, '25.1927Stella Handorf Rogers is a housewife inAmes, Iowa.Ralph Haefner, AM, has been on thestaff of the New York University psychologydepartment since 1948.William Wayne King is a sales repre·sentative with the American Brass Co. inPhiladelphia. He lives at Upper GulphRoad, Wayne, Pa., and says he would wel­come hearing from friends.1928Philip Henry Lotz is one of the contrib­uting authors in "Orientation in ReligiousEducation," a study just published.James H. Wilson, AM, is superintendentof schools in Trinidad, Colorado.James R. Cowan, SM, is head of the De­partment of Geology and Geography inthe Junior College of Kansas City, Mis­souri.Rufus Oldenburger, SM '30, PhD '34,former head of the mathematics depart.ment at De Paul University, Chicago, isnow associated with the Woodward Gov­ernor Company, manufacturer of hydraulicgovernors for prime movers, in Rockford,Illinois.John .1. McDonough has been' appointedvice·chaIrman of the business division ofthe 1950 Red Cross drive in Chicago. Heis vice-president of the Harris Trust andSavings Bank.Luther M. Ambrose, AM, is professor of education and chairman of the departmentat Berea College, Berea, Kentucky.Charlotte Aronson teaches at the Pulaskischool in Chicago.Marie Lewis, AM '30 (Mrs. Donald Wil­liams), is doing television production styl­ing in New York City.1929Sam Street Hughes, JD, is now attorneyfor the Landel Metropolitan District, thewater and sewer district around Lansing,Michigan. He is attorney also for Delhitownship near Lansing.Lester Connell Shephard is associatedwith the Atomic Energy Commission inIdaho Falls, Idaho. Mrs. Shephard is theformer Daisy Dean, '34.Arthur M. Marks is a meteorologist forthe weather bureau in Washington.Robert Todd McKinley, JD '32, is stillserving as chief legal assistant to boardmember Abe Murdock at the National La­bor Relations Board in Bethesda, Mary­land. Mrs. McKinlay is the former HelenElizabeth Eaton, '31.Costi K. Zurayk, AM, is president of theSyrian University in Damascus, Syria.1930Mary McRae Colby, SM, teaches geogra­phy in the Chicago Undergraduate Divisionof the University of Illinois at Navy Pier.This year she is cooperating in the intro­duction of a new.general education coursein the Social Sciences. .Mrs. William R. Fearon (Harriet D.Hathaway), is chairman of a Colonial Daycelebration which will be held in Castle­ton, Vermont, in August.Julius Eugene Ratner, AM '32, manag­ing editor of Better Homes and Gardens,has been named editor of the magazine.Ratner joined Meredith Publishing Com­pany, publishers of the magazine, in 1946.Before going with Meredith he was sue-J. E. Ratnercessively research manager, general super­intendent of retail sales and advertising andsuperintendent of operations for the west­ern division of the Deep Rock Oil Com­pany, Chicago. He was appointed directorof editorial research at Merediths in 1947and managing editor in 1948.Robert A. Haden is a writer in Wash­ington, D. C.1931Mrs. Glen Aron (Mary Grace Woodyard),AM '33, is head of the romance languagesdepartment at Santa. Monica high school inSanta Monica, California.C. Clifton Aird, SM, formerly of the MAGAZINE 25BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners (, Overs200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, bac:k of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins. moles. and warts.Men and WomenLOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' experienceAlsoGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATIONWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8-2116-7-8-9Wallon'l Coal Makel Good-or­Wallon Doel •EASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS AllOVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone SEeley 3-4488The Best Place to Eat on the South Side�COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-632426 THE UNIVERSITY CHICAGOA. 1. STEWART LUMBER CO.Qualify and ServiceSince 188879th Street at Greenwood Ave.All Phones Vincennes 6-9000q;giWi��1.fC1'IUCA1 SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Mlnu'lcturars IDd Jobbers .,ELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St •. - ENglewood 4-7500CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3-3935"Gooa Printin, 0/ All De�cription'"RESULTS ...depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service (or Direct AdvertiaeraChicago Addressing Company'722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-45611:. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET.LlTHOGRAPHYFine Color Work A Specialty731 Plvmouth CourtWAbash 2-8182 OFgeography staff at Miami University, Ox­ford, Ohio, now teaches at the MichiganCollege of Mines, Houghton,Madeline A. Young has recently beenpromoted to the rank of major in the ArmyNurse Corps, Reserve in New York City.In 1948 she received an A.M. from Colum­bia University.1932Ralph H. Masure has left his post . inthe office of the Consul General, Sao Paulo,Brazil, for new duties as Vice-consul atBelem do Para, Brazil. He recently visitedalumni friends in Chicago. Greeting himwere Mr. and Mrs. James E. Baker (S.Eloise Webster, '31, SM '32), Herbal W.Conner, '27, PhD '33 and Mrs. Conner(Ruth E. Crabbe, '28, SM '29), and EstelleAshland, '28.Florence E. Andrews Bottari is probationofficer for the San Francisco Juvenile Courtin San Francisco, California.John v. Healy now lives on his farm inNew Gloucester, Maine, with his wife andthree children. He raises game birds­pheasants, partridge and fancy turkeys.Mrs. Blanche J. Winkler (Blanche Vod­varka), AM '40, is a homemaker and sub­stitute teacher in Wayzata, Minnesota.Paul E. Ross, MD (U of C) '37, is path­ologist at three hospitals in La Salle andBureau counties in Illinois. The hospi­tals are Ryburn Memorial in Ottawa, St.Mary's in La Salle and St. Margaret's inSpring Valley. 'Irven Naiman is' a research physicist forHughes Aircraft Company in Culver City,California.1933Mrs. Arthur Lambert (Betty Colley Col­lins), is a housewife and aviatrix. She isauthor of two books on aviation.Arthur C. Boyce, PhD, is teaching atWarren Wilson College in Swananoa, NorthCarolina.Philip C. Lederer, JD '35, is helping theIllinois division of the American Cancer So­ciety in its 1950 fund-raising campaign.He is chairman of the professional section.Lederer is a partner in the law firm ofLederer, Livingston, Kahn and Adsit inChicago.Richard C. Corris is a manufacturers'representative in Honolulu.Franklyn C. W. Olson has received aPh.D. degree from Ohio State University.Gene B. Haber, MD (Rush), is a physi­cian for the Rose Loos Medical Group inLos Angeles.Robert W. Erickson is associated withAmerican Overseas Airlines in New York.Fausta Phyllis Kukuritis is an attorneyin Los Angeles.Katherine Loretta Archer, AM, is teach­ing English at Stockton College, Stockton,California.Walter Brooks expects. to receive hisPh.D. in chemistry at the University ofPennsylvania in June. He is director ofthe laboratories of the Army Hepatic andMetabolic Center at Valley Forge GeneralHospital.Ralph Winfred Rogers, AM, is retiredfrom the United States Army. He was achaplain.Leonard W. Coulson, Jr. is president ofthe Milwaukee Metal Working Co., manu­facturers of hydraulic equipment. The Coul­sons have four children: Judith, 8; Leonard,6; Deborah, 4 and Andrew, 2.1934Bernard M. Blum, MD Rush, is profes­sor of Public Health at the Jefferson Med- MAGAZINEical College and Director of the Fife-Ham­ill Memorial Health Center in Philadel­phia.1935Rachel H. Cummings is a retired schoolteacher doing substitute teaching and man­aging an apartment house in Rockford,Illinois.Everett C. Parker is one of the contrib­ing authors in "Orientation in ReligiousEducation," a recent study published byAbingdon-Cokesbury Press.Gordon Heath McNeil, AM '37, PhD '41,has been named chairman of the divisionof social studies at Coe College, CedarRapids, Iowa. He came to Coe as an as­sistant professor in 1946. He will be pro­moted to a full professorship on Septem­ber 1. Mrs. McNeil is the former MaryElaine Ogden, '36, AM '38. She is teach­ing a course in Coe's evening college onThe Negro in America.Mary Elizabeth McKay is a writer for theTuberculosis Division of the U. S. PublicHeatlh Service in Washington.Henry Herman Young, MD (Rush), isan orthopedic surgeon at Mayo Clinic,Rochester, Minnesota.Richard F. Boyd, MD (Rush) is Chief,Office of Medical Programs, Federal Secur­ity Agency, U. S. Public Health Service,New York.Esther Winter is an elementary schoolteacher in Long Beach, California.William F. Christians, PhD, is ASsociateProfessor of Geography in the WhartonSchool of Finance and Commerce, Univer­sity of Pennsylvania.Leslie M. Davis, PhD, and Robert Brit­ton, SM '30, are colleagues in geography­teaching at Hamilton College, Huntington,. West Virginia. They will occupy newquarters soon in the fine science buildingrecently constructed by the college. Theyare joint authors of "Living in West Vir­ginia," a sixth-grade textbook supplement.Loyd R. McCulley is now secretary-treas_urer of Investment Operating Corporation,Pasadena, California. He had spent 14years as a C. P. A.A third son, Paul Gordon, was born toMr. and Mrs. Leon Kanegis (Lillian L.Hayman, MBA '41), on March 4. TheKanegis' have two other sons, Richard andArthur.Clifford G. Massoth, r editor of the Illi­nois Central Magazine, Chicago, is the newpresident of the American Railway Maga­zine Editors' Association. Massoth joinedthe Illinois Central in 1936. He had beena volunteer correspondent for the maza­zine during the seven years he worked easa traffic salesman for the railroad at SiouxCity, Iowa and Omaha, Nebraska. Hejoined the magazine as assistant editor in1943.Mrs. Ernest Alton Ewers (DorotheaWood Fogle), received a Ph.D. from theUniversity in March.1936Marion Lucile Voges, AM, is director ofRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd.' MOnroe 6.3192THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27Reunion in SwitzerlandThe Alumni office received a picture of a New Year's eve reunion held inArose, Switzerland, attended by Maja Durst. now in Zurich Richard H. Pear,Fellow, Political Science, '41; Evelyn Pear (Evelyn Canning), Graduate Schoolof Geography, '41; George T. Peck, PhD'42; and Christine Palmer Peck, '41.George is on leave of absence from Lehigh University, Pennsylvania, wherehe is professor of history. He is in Italy on a Fulbright fellowship. Georgeand Christine will be remembered from the old days in Goff House, and thenot so old days when George was with the Committee to Frame a WorldConstitution-with Mr. Borgese in 1947.the family division, Welfare Council ofMetropolitan Los Angeles.Herman S. Kogan is on the editorial staffof the Chicago Sun-Times.Philip M. Howard, MD (Rush), is aphysician and surgeon in Salt Lake City,Utah.Brian Heath is a pottery manufacturerin Sausalito, California.Rosalyn Siegel is a dietician at Countyhospital in Chicago.Lewis Victor Thomas, AM '37, is profes­sor of Turkish Language and History atprinceton University.Walter A. Kumpf, AM, is associate edi­tor of South-Western Publishing Company,Cincinnati, Ohio-specialists in Businessand Economic Education.1937Ruth M. Keller PhD, took a leave of ab­sence from her teaching position at Cam­den High School, Camden, New Jersey, lastyear to engage in research on the Templesof Eurpean Greece in New York City. Sheheld a research post at Columbia Universitywhere she completed the cataloguing andarranging of the Olcott Collection of Greekand Roman Coins.Charles H. Rammelkamp, MD (U of C)has been appointed research director ofASHJIAN BROS., Inc.IITABLIIHID IHIOrien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 Mutb Cbicago Phone REgent 4.6000 City Hospital in Cleveland. He is a spe­cialist in infectious diseases.Harold Mayer Kaplan, AM '38, is teach­ing at Bennington College, Bennington,Vermont. He was married to Suzanne Ses­sions on February 24.William B. Redmond, PhD, associate pro­fessor of biology at Emory University inAtlanta, Georgia, appeared on the programof the Association of Southeastern Biolog­ists at the University of Virginia in April.Dr. Redmond is known for his work inmalaria research.Arthur Witt Blair, AM, is director of theschool of education at North Texas StateCollege, Denton, Texas.Leonard A. Stine, SM '39, MD (U of C)'40, was recently certified by the AmericanBoard of Internal Medicine. He is prac­ticmg in Chicago and teaching at ChicagoMedical School.Themis Anagnost and his wife, both at­torueys. are engaged in the general practiceof law in Chicago. Mrs. Anagnost is also acertified public accountant.Paul J. Brand, SM, Chairman of the De­partment of Geography and Geology, Buck­nell University, Lewiston, Pennsylvania, hasbeen granted leave of absence for 1949-50.Walter S. Crewson, SM, is Superintendentof City Schools in Hamilton, Ohio.Norman M. Pearson, PhD '43, is a for­eign affairs officer for the Department ofState in Silver Springs, Maryland.Dr. Robert C. Greenwood, MD '39, is amajor in the Medical Corps and chief ofneurosurgery at Letterman General Hos­pital at the Presidio in San Francisco. Hiswife is Adelina Krigbaum, '37, who for­merly taught school. They have two chil­dren, three and seven.1938William P. Kent, AM '41, is assistant pro- GLEN EYRIEF ARMFOR CHILDRENDELAV AN LAKE. WISCONSINBOYS and GIRLS 8-12 Yrs.Farm experience besides camp activi­ties including swimming.June 20th to August 22ndSend f .. r story of the Farrn.VIRGINIA HINKINS BUZZELL ·13Glen Eyrie Farm. Delavan. Wisw. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA��ad�'P�ad�Utd�SALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKPlaters- SilversmithsSince 1917GOLD. SILVER. RHODIUMSILVERWARERepaired, Refini.hed, RelacquereclSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoSwift t5 Ice CreamSundaes and sodas are special treatsmade with Swift's Ice Cream. So de­licious, so creamy-smooth, so refresh­ingly yours ....A product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 !;. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-740028 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETelephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWElLPhones OAkland 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awn;n,. and Canopies fOl All Purpo.e.4508 Cottage Grove Avenue•Auto Livery•Qule., unobtru.lve .ervlceWhen you wan' It, a. you wan. ItCALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4·6400Since1895SURGEONS'INSTRUMENTSof ALL TYPESEQUIPMENT and FURNITUREfor OFFICE and HOSPITALAll Pltone.: SEeley 3-2110Y. MUELLER & CO.320-408 S. HONORE STREnCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS EXTRA VACATION PLANIf during the next ten years theboss gives yo� an extra holiday onthe day which separates June fromJuly-and, in addition, you can an­ticipate New Year's eve frolicking bysleeping through the alarm clock onDecember 31-send a note of thanksto Benjamin F. Yanney, PhD '23, the90-year-()ld retired mathematicianwho means to reform the calendar.Dr. Yanney, retired from teachingat the College of Wooster in 1940,has been actively interested in revis­ing the present calendar into a moreorderly arrangement of days, weeksand months since he began his teach­ing career 65 years ago at Mt. Unioncollege.It all started when Dr. Yanneywas given the job of making out thecollege schedule; he decided the pre,­ent Gregorian calendar is outdatedand causes too much inconvenience.Since 1930 Dr. Yanney has givenhis whole-hearted support to adop­tion of the new World Calendar­the baby of the World Calendar As­sociation. This calendar, it is said,incorporates the greatest number ofadvantages with the least amount ofconfusion. The proposed calendarprovides that every date of everymonth fall in the same weekday yearafter year. 'This makes the schedulefessor of philosophy at the University ofUtah. Mrs. Kent is the former Helen S.Hirsch, '43.Frederic Martin Kriete, MD (Rush), isassociated with the department of maternaland child welfare, State Board of Health,San Francisco.Dean Linger is advertising and sales pro­motion manager for the central division ofthe American Broadcasting Company. Hisoffice is in Chicago.Lucile A. Hastings, AM, is chief, welfaresection, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Depart­ment of Interior, Washington, D. C.Dale E. Case, SM, is on the geographystaff at Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lin­coln.Harold Madsen, MD, associated with theDowney, Illinois Veterans' hospital, wasrecently certified by the American Board ofPsychiatry.Harry Bricker, AM, is a graduate studentin education at the University.Mrs. Esta Grantham Aldrich, AM, ischairinan of the English department, Vet­erans' center, Tilden high school, Chicago.1939Kenneth Paul Sanow, AM '46" chief ofthe Division of Program and Research, De­partment of Internal Revenue, Japan (un­der SCAP), was married on February 21 toMuriel Jacobson of Baltimore, Maryland.The ceremony was followed by a receptionat the Tokyo Union Club. The couple'shoneymoon was spent on the island ofKyushu.Robert L. Brackenbury, AM '39, PhD '48,is a lecturer in education and consultantwith the Bureau of School Services, Univer­sity of Michigan.M. Erdine Bauman, SM, teaches in theDearborn, Michigan, High School. of holidays always reliable. Also, thenew calendar provides every quarterof the year with the same numberof days. Every year and every quar­ter would begin on a Sunday andend on a Saturday. A world holidayeach year, falling every year on theday after December 30, would com­plete the 365-day years. Anotherworld holiday falling on the dayafter June 30 every four years wouldadd one day to fill out the leap years.These are "extra" days and wouldnot affect the weekday sequence.Dr. Yanney has been a member ofthe World Calendar Association sinceits beginning in 1930. He has lec­tured and written articles for the as­sociation's publication: "The Journalof Calendar Reform."The General Committee of theUnited Nations decided to postponeconsideration when the calendar wasproposed to them last September,however, Dr. Yanney and the WorldCalendar Association are looking for­ward to presenting the questionagain this year.. If recommended bythe committee this year or next, thecalendar will be considered by allthe nations of the world; the asso­ciation hopes it will be adopted andput in use by the entire world in1956.Wilbur Joseph Jerger, LLB '42, is ateacher and politician in Los Angeles.Marione C. Kohn is a service supervisorfor Macv's in New York .Russell Toulmin Nichols is an economistfor the Rand Corporation in Greencastle,Indiana.1940Frances. B. Vinvent was married toThomas W. Mooney on February 20.A son, Donald James, was born to Dr.and Mrs. George R. Barry, MD (U of C),'42, on October 19. Mrs. Barry is the formerKathryn I. Macf.ennon, '39. The Barrysrecently moved to their new home in Mon­roe, Wisconsin, where Dr. Barry is practic­ing internal medicine at Monroe Clinic.Henry Farrand Livingston, AM, is assist­ant professor, welfare department, OhioState University. Mrs. Livinngston is theformer Elizabeth M. Brunsted, '35.Robert Lee Rupard, JD '42, is an ECAPrinting that people will readOffset-LetterpressBookletsFoldersPostersStationeryGreat Lakes Publishing Co.1223 E. 55th. ChicagoMUseum 4-809529THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting-Decorating-Wood Finishing3123Lake Street PhoneKEdzie 3-3186Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.Upholstersfurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180HAWTINPHOTOENGRAVERSPhoto Engrav.,.Artists - Electrotyper.Makers of PrlntlnQ Plates538 TelephoneSo. Wells St. WAbash 2-6480BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEUCENSED .• BONDEDINSUREDQUAIJFIED WELDERSHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western ATe., ChicagoTuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3�4404 expert in the State Department, Washing­ton.James Herbert Gillison Junior is assistantpurchasing agent for the Philippine Pack­ing Corporation in Manila.Myrtle Holster, AM, is a substitute teach­er in Glendale, California.Mary L. Bostick, SM, is Assistant Pro­fessor of Education at Florida State Uni­versity, Tallahassee.A son, Robert William, was born to theWilliam C. Larkin family in St. Joe, Mich­igan on November 16.Irma Buell, SM, after a number of years'service in the Joliet High School, Illinois,is developing and carrying out a programof geography in the Joliet Junior College.William C. Rogers, AM '41, PhD '43, isdirector of the Minnesota World AffairsCenter, director of State Organization Serv­ice and assistant professor of Political Sci­ence at the University of Minnesota. Mrs.Rogers is the former Mary Jane Anderson,'41, AM '48.Edward Fredric Van Horn is a trafficanalyst for United Airlines in Chicago.Eric Richard was born to the Harold M.Stral family on January 29.Robert E. Joranson, MD (U of C), '44, isspecializing in .internal medicine in CouncilBluffs, Iowa. Mrs. Joranson is the formerVirginia E. Johnson, '39.Edward J. Whiteley, MD (U of C), hasbeen transferred to Oliver General Hospitalin Augusta, Georgia, from FitzsimmonsGeneral Hospital in Denver, Colorado. Mrs.Whiteley is the former Rebacca R. Scott,'40.William Henry Waite, PhD, is assistantsecretary, Council on Dental Education,American Dental Association, Chicago.Thomas H. Allen, Junior, AM, is directorof curriculum and instruction for theschool system of Port Arthur, Texas.1941Marjorie S. Berger has been assistant tothe director, American Society of Planning,Officials, Chicago, since 1947.Louis M. Welsh of. Los Angeles willmarry Miss Lois N. Bechstein, formerly ofEvanston, Illinois, on June 17.William D. Burbanck, PhD, biology pro­fessor at Drury college and instructor atMarine Biology Station in Woods Hole,Massachusetts, recently appeared on a pro­gram sponsored by the Association ofSoutheastern Biologists at the University ofVirginia. At present Dr. Burbanck is visit­ing professor at Emory University in At­lanta, Georgia.James R. Beck, PhD, Professor in theDepartment of Geography, Kent State Uni­versity (Ohio), is State Coordinator for theNational Council of Geography Teachers.Merle Edison Hammer is a captain in theUnited States Army.Milton H. Weiss' is a special service offi­cer in Warren, Wyoming. He holds therank of captain.Robert O. Evans is a graduate student atthe University of Florida.Richard W. Lounsbury, a doctoral candi­date at Stanford University, will become aninstructor in geology at Pomona College,Claremont, California, next fall.John E. A. Schroder was recently electedsecretary of the midwest section of theAmerican Association of Textile Chemistsand Colorists. A girl, Heidi, was born tothe Schroders on November 25.Richard Watson, AM, is a lieu tenan t inthe United States Navy. He is stationedat the U. S. Naval School, Newport, RhodeIsland.Mary E. Colemari, AM, PhD '45, of Phila­delphia, was recently on the program three LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 Eed 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DA WN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERTELEPHONE TAylor 9-54515O'CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.P hone: SAginaw 1-3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeak. RepairedFree Eatimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.7711 Luella Ave.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stoclc23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago. IllinoisReal Estate and In.surance1500 East 51th Street Hyde Park 3·2525Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. ShedrotJ, ROckwell 2·625230 TH·E UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOGolden Dirilyte .(fo,m.,'y Di,if/oltl)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby. Spode andDlher Famous Makes o·f Fine China. AlsoCryshl!. Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, 'H.Telephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and Vegetab.'esDi.tributor. 01CEDERGREEN FROZEN !=RESH FIUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther "'ant.80lton - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracule - Cleveland"You Migh. A. Well Have Tit. 8 ••• "CONCRETETraprock Industrial FloorsMetallic Trucking FloorsMachine FoundationsSidewalksr·vmm.'"NOrmal 7-0433T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.CHICAGO 37 afternoons at the Association for EducationInternational Study Conference held in Ra­leigh, North Carolina.1942Kathryn Beckman, AM, is executive di-'rector of the Ann Arbor, Michigan, GirlScouts.Walter Selove, SM '48, PhD '49, is aninstructor in the physics department ofHarvard University.Robert O. Wright has been appointedcity manager of Clawson, Michigan. Pre­vious to this appointment he had served asadministrative assistant to the city managerof Pontiac, Michigan. Mrs. Wright is theformer Marilyn Elizabeth Leonard, '42.James Leslie Sexton is e.mploy�d by theUnited States government m Pans, France.William Thomas Nelson Junior is achemist in the research laboratories ofPhillips Oil Company in Bartlesville, Okla­homa.Agnes Graves Donalson Anderson, AM,is an assistant professor in the division ofsocial service at the University of Indiana.Harold .Paul . Green, JD '48, recentlyjoined the staff of the Gen.er�l C�)Unsel ofthe Atomic Energy Commission m .Wash­ington. His wife is the former Paulme R.Goldstein, '44.1943Mrs. W. E. Whilt (Selma E. Berglund,AM), is principal of Seward elementaryschool in Seattle, Washington.Wallace Robert Pfeil is a senior instruc­tor at the United Television Institute, New­ark, New Jersey.Mrs. E. Thomas Colosimo is a student atIndiana University.Walter Kemetick is personnel ma�a\5erfor Capital Surface Lines in Mount Rainier,Maryland.Chester Culver Hand Junior is attendingNorthwestern Theological School in Evans­ton, Illinois.Elizabeth Jeanne Humphreys, :AM, is liv­ing in State College, Pennsylvania,Mrs. R. S. O'Connell (Virginia Bayless),AM, is a case supervisor for the Vet�'rans'Administration in Salem, North Carolma.Elmer R. Brill is engaged in three busi­nesses in Seattle, Washington. The busi­nesses are Brill Accounting Service, BrillInsurance Service and Rundquist andProudfoot Sales Company.A. Lawrence Grabham is a student in. the school of business at Washburn Mu­nicipal University, Topeka, Kansas.Lt. Eugene W. Gleason is with the head­quarters depar�ment of the. Pacific U:. S.Marine Corps m San Francisco. He livesin San Mateo with his wife. Virginia Cow­ard, '43, and their two children, Dianne,5, and Nancy, 2.Born to Deane R. Hinton and AngelaPeyraud, '45,. on February HI, 1950, adaughter. The Hintons live in Mombasa,Kenya, . British East Africa, where Deaneis the American Consul.Mrs. David Weinstock (Jean D. Perlman)gave birth to a daughter, Kay Frances,on March 2.Alfred James Hartzler, SM '44, wa� mar­ried to Mary Jane Peterson, student m theCollege of the University, on February 17in Thorndike Hilton chapel. The bride'smother is Mrs. Albert J. Peterson (OlgaSmith '28). The groom is working for hisdoctorate under Professor Marcel Schein ofthe University physics department.1944Konrad Leopold Kingshill, SM, is. a teac�­er at Prince Royal's College, Chiangmai,Thailand.Hilda Ellen Fowlie, AM '44, is co-owner MAGAZINEof an art shop in Sherbrook, Canada.1945Betty Ramm Graham is a librarian forthe Detroit, Michigan, Public Library.Thenis Welsh, AM, is a teacher of speechand English at Kirkwood High Schooj ,Kirkwood, Missouri.Barbara J. Bloomquist, SB '47, works inthe finance division of the U. S. Army inGermany.Charlotte F. Green, AM '4.7, teaches inthe department of Sociology at HowardUniversity, Washington, D. C.Bevely Heath Lowe Daniels is connectedwith the insurance department of the Vet­erans' Administration in Chicago.James Luther Adams, PhD, professor ofreligious ethics in the. Me�dvil�e Theo­logical School of the University, IS one of46 contributing authors in "Orientation inReligious Education," a comprehensivestudy of the field of religious educationwhich was recently published.Robert D. Warth, AM, PhD '49, is aninstructor in history at the University ofTennessee.Thomas T. Tourlentes, MD (U of C), '47,is a psychiatric resident at Downey, IllinoisVeterans' hospital.1946George Van Dye Tiers has been awardedthe General Electric Company's Charles A.Coffin Fellowship for advanced study inphysical organic chemistry. -Clifford L. Winters Junior, AM, PhD '49,is a research associate and assistant profes­sor in the department of education at theUniversity.Dorothy Ladendorf, SB '49, is working inthe office of the director of the UniverSitylibrary and working on a master's degreein education.A son, Paul, was born on January 10 toSidney Hirsohn, AM, and wife (Edna II.Sherbin, '45, AM '48) in Reading, Penn­sylvania. Hiroshn is a psychiatric caseworker for the Guidance Institute. .Doris E. Binkley, SB '47, is finishing herthird year at the University of VirginiaHospital School of Nursing as assistant sci­ence instructor. She does graduate workat the U of C each summer in NurSingEducation.Ernst Borinski, AM, is professor andchairman of the division of Social Sciencesat Tougaloo College in Tougaloo, Missis­sippi.Virginia Lucille JohnsOn is in market re­search with Bee Angell and Associates inChicago.Violette Grace Fleming was married lastAugust to George G. Curl, '45, MD (U ofC), '47.Delbert M. Bates, AM, is an instructor inthe department of education at Iowa StateTeachers' College, Cedar Falls, Iowa.A son, Kurt Laurence, was born Septem­ber 17 to Lt. (jg) and Mrs. Donald E.Shorts (Marion H. Laing) at the Ports­mouth, Virginia Naval hospital.1947Robert L. Dean, AM, is a social workerin Portland, Oregon.Peter J. Paul, PhD, is associate profes­sor in History at Villanova College, Villa­nova, Pennsylvania. His emphasis in teach­ing is on United States foreign relationsand the British Commonwealth of Nations.Andrew J. Kennard, AM, is an instructorat Texas State University for Negroes. Hewas married on December 2 to Rhoda'Westbrook of Houston and Hearne, Texas.John Karl Robinson has just returnedfrom Europe where he studied French at31THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK fOR FREE ESTIMATE•55th .end ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISaU".rtield 8-011.DAVID L. SUTTON. Pres.CLARK-BREWERTeachers A.gency68th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices-One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City, Mo.Spokane-N ew YorkPENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceB�ck Wl!Jter Valves, Sumps-Pumps1545 E. 63RD STREEl6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETBIENENFELDChicago', Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St. PhoneLAfayette 3-84003 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSinc« 19201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYMidway t���� • w. call forand deliver3 HOUR SERVICE Alliance Francasise in Paris. He visitednine countries during his trip.Henry G. Rogers, SM, is a geographerwith the state department in Falls Church,Virginia. Wife Julia Rogers is AM '47.Chester A. Williams Junior, AM, wasmarried to Nellie Millet of Fisk Universitylast July.Mrs. Lois Winston (Lois Gladinia Tyson),AM, is a teacher of English in Dunbarhigh school, Little Rock, Arkansas.Francis T. Williams, AM, is director ofthe Institute for the Preparation of Teach­ers for the Deaf and the Hard of Hearingat Catholic University, Washington, D. C.Janice Fay Taylor is a laboratory tech­nician for the Atomic Energy Commissionat UCLA.Robert Kalin is teaching in the St. Louis,Missouri, public schools and at WashingtonUniversity in St. Louis.Orrie C. Olsen is a research supervisorfor the Potash Company of America inCarlsbad, New Mexico.Robert Marshall Putt is pastor of theUnion Congregational Church in Somon­auk, Illinois.Walcott H. Beatty, AM, is assistant pro­fessor of education, Institute for ChildStudy, at the University of Maryland, Mt.Ranier.Julius B. Kahn, Junior, SM '47, PhD '49,is a member of the biology division of theOak Ridge National Laboratories, oper­ated by Carbide and Carbon Corporation inOak Ridge, Tennessee. David Ralph wasborn to the Kahns (Carolyn J. Shadley, '48)on February 8.1948Claude Gillam Junior is a law student atthe University of Colorado.George Edward Wise, JD, is partner inthe law firm of Simpson and Wise in LongBeach, California. Wise's partner is RaySimpson, JD '48.Roy A. Dahl is connected with the weath­er bureau in Washington.Stephen Geoffrey Graham, MBA, recentlybecame engaged to Marjorie Frances Reis,'44. Graham's parents are W. NormanGraham, '23 and Mrs. Leona B. Chalkley(Leona C. Bachrach) '20.Jack Martin Becktel is a chemist forSwift and Company in Chicago.Siegmar Muhl, AM, is associated withnavy communications in Vienna, Virginia.Channing H. Lushbough is in Denmarkstudying the folIe-school movement. Hesays: "The experience has been good, asthe language is readily learned and theDanes go out of their way to be kind andhelpful."A son, Arthur, was born to Mr. and Mrs.Arthur J. Radcliffe Junior on September 24.George I. Sackheim, SM, is teaching atNavy Pier, the Chicago branch of the Uni­versity of Illinois.Martin K. Nurmi, AM, is working towarda doctorate in English at the University ofMinnesota.Wesley A. Hotchkiss, SM, is a graduatestudent and research assistant in the de­partment of Geography at the University.Harry F. Jackson, PhD, is teaching atUtica College in Utica, New York.Russel! C. Kirkpatrick, MBA, is field rep­resentative for the Restaurant and HotelSchool, Florida State University, Tallahas­see.Hazelle Ruth Bergstrom, AM, is travelfilm librarian for National Film Board ofCanada. Her office is in Winnipeg.William N. Stokes, SM, foreign serviceofficer, has been transferred from Mukdento Tokyo as third secretary and vice consul.He had been vice consul in Mukden. TELEVISIONDrop in and see a programRADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shopELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerl!Jtors RangesWashers BlanketsSPORTING GOODSFor I!JII seasonsRECORDSFine P��I!�ti��"fo�o��ifdrenIII ERI1J1IAII\\I��935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler. '33TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage' 'GroveMidway 3-4200AI.oGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsHYLAND A. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Gracftful Living to Uni­versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlechtone Ave. PLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, Director32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOYDSTON BROS.. INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage 6rove Ave.OAkland 4-0492POND LETTER SERVICEEverythin« in Letter.HOGvel Type.rltll,Multlgrlphln.Addre"ograph 8,,y1 ..Hlgh .. t Quality 8,,y1 ..All PhonesHArrison 7-8118 M ImeOlrapill ••Addrelll ••Malll ••M 1.IDlum Prl •••418 So. Market St.ChicagoAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement whleb limits It!work to the unlver81ty and college ·ftetd.It 18 amlfated with the FI!llr Teach&I'WAgency of Chloogo, whose work covers allthe educational Beld8. Both organlzatlonsassist .ln the appointment 01 administratorsas well as 01 teachers.Our service Is nation-wide.Since J885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best In placement service for University.College, Secondary and Elementary. Nation­wide patronaqe. Call or write UI at2S E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisSTENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine shortha nd, Lesseffort. no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing. Bookkeeping.Comptometry, etc .. Day or evening. Visit,write or phone for data..Bryant� Strattonco �yEGE18 S. MICHIGAN AVE. Tel. RAndolph 6-1575BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492 .Trained and license·d attendants John G. Withall, PhD, is assistant pro­fessor at Brooklyn College in Brooklyn,New York.Philip Hanford Arend is a student at theUniversity of California.William Dixon, AM, is a member of thefaculty in the department of social workat the University of British Columbia.1949Pauline M. Alt, PhD, is associ a te profes­sor of psychology and education at theTeachers' College of Connecticut, NewBritain, Connecticut.Robert H. Anderson, PhD, is superin­tendent of schools at Park Forest, Illinois.The engagement of Geraldine Marcus toJohn Macsai was recently announced.Julian A. White is the rabbi at BurbankJewish Community Council in Burbank,California.William J. Klapproth, SM, PhD '49, hasjoined the staff of the Research Division atthe Stamford Research Laboratories of theAmerican Cyanamid Company in Connec­ticut.William L. Collins, MBA, is with thewax paper division of the Pollock PaperCorporation in Houston, Texas.Josephine J. Williams, PhD, instructor inSociology at the University, has been ap­pointed assistant professor by the Univer­sity of Michigan.William J. Mager-Oakes, AM,' associatedwith the section of man at Carnegie Mu­seum in Pittsburgh, has been hired as fieldarchaeologist to direct a three-year programin Western Pennsylvania. The survey, ex­cavation and results will be published byCarnegie Museum.Lois High Lightfoot, SM, is instructorand research assistant in the Meharry Med­ical College, Nashville, Tennessee.Walter A. Hull is a tabulator for Kemp­er Insurance in Chicago.Robert Burton Gelbort is a grain mer­chant at the Board of Trade in Chicago.He will be married in June to Miss JeanMayer.Elizabeth H. Wright, SM, is co-ordinatorof Nurse Examiners, State of Illinois, withoffices in Chicago.Herbert Fisher, AM, is a student at theUniversity.Paul Louis Beck, AM, is teaching at theUniversity of Omaha.Donald Blasch, AM, is a psychologist atBellevue Child Guidance Clinic, Batavia,Illinois.Mrs. Eva Doris Wilson, AM, is a teacherin the Gary, Indiana, public schools.M. Virginia Bradley, PhD, is back at herpost in the Department of Geography,Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Inaddition to her academic duties during thefall, she has been cooperating with hermother in the final steps of plans for build­ing a house, the foundations of which havenow appeared above ground.Benjamin Jules Strickland is in the pub­lishing end of house sales promotion workin New York.Olive Isabel Wiberg, AM, is a child wel­fare worker in Portland, Oregon.Edward Emil Werner Junior, MBA, is aninstructor in marketing at the School ofCommerce, University of Wisconsin.DEATHSFrederick G. Stueber, '82, MD, died inLima, Ohio on December 25. MAGAZINEGeorge R. Proctor, MD '96, died Decem­ber 26 at the age of 80 in Nampa, Idaho.Ida M. Pahlman, '03, retired Chicagoelementary school principal, died in earlyMarch in New York.Gail Horton Calmerton, '03, died inLos Angeles on February 4.William Shelton Bixler, '04, died De­cember 14 in Princeton, Indiana.Mrs. Henry Van Hasselt (Frieda V. Solo­mon), '04, died January 18 in Chicago.William Jett Lauck, '05, died June 14 inPort Royal, Virginia.Edwin B. Branson, PhD '05, chairmanof the department of Geology at the Uni­versity of Missouri from 1910 to 1947, diedMarch 12.William Crocker, PhD '06, director of theBoyce Thompson Institute for Plant Re­search, Yonkers, New York, from 1921 to1949, died February 11. He had taughtplant physiology at the University from1907 to 1921.Frank M. Hultman, '06, died January 21in San Francisco.Anna R. Van Meter, SM '08, died Feb­ruary 18 in Berea, Kentucky.Gertrude Payne, '10, died in 1948 inDanville, Illinois.Melvin Amos Brannon, PhD '12, retirededucator and author, died March 26 inGainesville, Florida.Mrs. Zillah E. Wilson, '13, died in Seattle,Washington on February 7.Frank M. Webster, '14, died October 18in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.John H. Reedy, SM '14, member of theoriginal faculty and first head of thechemistry department at Southern Meth­odist University, died in Urbana, IllinoisFebruary 21. He had taught at Illinoissince 1918.Bessie F. Soyer, '16, died in Oak Park,Illinois in November.Frederic B. Garver, PhD '17, professorof economics at the University of Minne­sota since 1919, died February 22.Helen M. Lavin, '19, died October 13 inNewark, Ohio.Leonard De Taylor, '19, died on March 2.Ehlers W. English, JD '21, died January17 in Des Moines, Iowa.William Ernest Kelley, '21, died inCarmel, California on January 8.Herman J. Schick, AM. '22, died Decem-ber 8 in Chicago. .Marshall W. Meyer, '�3 MD (Rush) '27,died in 1948 while he was commissionerof health of Madison, Wisconsin.E. C. O. Beatty, AM '26, PhD '36, pro­fessor in the social science department atNorthern Illinois State Teachers' College,De Kalb, died March 6 in Elmhurst, Illi­nois. He was visiting friends when he suf­fered a cerebral hemorrhage .Martha Humfeld Wiebe, AM '26, diedFebruary 25 in Oak Park, Illinois. She wasthe widow of William H. Wiebe, AM '25.Annetta B. Specter, '27, died December 7in East Chicago, Indiana.Blanche Ferguson, AM '31, died April21, 1949 in Denver, Colorado.Miss Dorothy Culp, PhD '39, died inEvanston, Illinois hospital on March 3after a fall on an icy sidewalk. Miss Culp,a professor of history at the University ofConnecticut, was on leave from the uni­versity while staying with a sister.Peter William George, MBA '48, diedMarch 2 in Chicago.Jack Herbert Stroud, AM '48, head ofthe social welfare· department of theVeterans' Administration Center in SiouxFalls, South Dakota, died February 28 atthe age of 39.I"It offered independence , security,unlimited earning possibilities"As AN undergraduate at the University of Michiganduring the early years of the war, I was not too imme­diately concerned about a career. I knew that UncleSam would soon solve that problem for me.However, I had always been favorably inclinedtoward life insurance, for my Dad had been associatedwith New England Mutual for almost 20 years. Andhis satisfaction with his career has been evident inhis everyday life and in the home he has provided forour family.So when the Army sent me to a training camp nearBoston, I looked up some of the men in New EnglandMutual's home office. At the same time, I met thegirl and married her, and naturally I began to thinkmore definitely about a post-Army career. Togetherwe cataloged the advantages and disadvantages ofmany different careers.But each time we came back to life insurance. Itoffered - in a way no other career seemed to - inde­pendence, security, public service, and unlimitedearning possibilities. As a result of these deliberations,I enrolled in New England Mutual's basic trainingcourse while I was still in the Army Air Corps.After the war - in April of 1946 to be exact - Ijoined the New England Mutual agency in Denver.In addition to extensive training here in Denver, Ihave had two courses at the home office in Boston.I have also attended several inspiring regional meet­ings and have enjoyed and profited from my 4-yearassociation with this company.I have made a much better living than would havebeen possible in a salaried job, and I have saved asubstantial fund for future needs. At the present time,I am spending half my time working with the newmen in our agency, helping them find the same satis­factions that I have enjoyed as a career life underwriter.Recent graduates of our Home Office training course,although new to the life insurance business, earn averagefirst-year commissions of $3600-which, with renewal com­missions added, brings the total yearly income average to$5700. From here, incomes rise in direct proportion to eachindividual's ability and industry.If you'd like information about a career that gives you abusiness of your own, with no slow climb up a seniorityladder and no ceiling on earnings, write Mr. H. C. Chaney,Director of Agencies, 501 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Mass.The NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Robert N. Samuels and family, Denver, ColoradoThese University of Chicago men are New EnglandMutual representatives:Harry Benner, 'II, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoJohn R. Downs, '46, ChicagoThey can give you expert counsel on "Living Insurance"-a uniquely liberaland flexible life insurance program tailored to fit your family's needs.. � ._� __ �_� � � w4•• DON'T FORGET4You are important to the success of the Annual AlumniGift. Last year more than 50% of the members of theAlumni Association and subscribers to the Magazinecontributed to the University during the spring cam­paign of the Alumni Foundation.•••p•••ptt••t••••t• Your . Giftis separate from your membership, for all funds collect­ed by the Foundation and its 1500 workers are pre­sented to the University on Alumni Day, June 10.•tt In 1950We hope every member will be listed on the honor roll rof contributors. Y ou'll be receiving notices for the next45 days, but why not make out your check todayt•tt••t•••tt••t ToTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAIL TO THE ALUMNI FOUNDATION, 5733 UNIVERSITY, CHICAGO 27, ILL.