EDITOR'SMEMO PADLike the fabled frog in the well whoslipped back one for every two hops up, weannually lose 100/0 of our members whilegetting 150/0 new members. This 100/0loss is normal with associations whichcharge dues but we wondered why. So wesent questionnaires to all who did not reonew the past year. 'Ve made it clear thatit was not a promotion stunt but a sinceredesire for the blunt truth. One hundredreplied.24 renewed. One wrote: "Can't afford;no salary increase; renewal enclosed; wifechanged my mind." Short short story withsurprise end!23 couldn't afford: "Now on pension.""New car; new baby; out of red and we'llbe back."19 still in school. This is more commonwith our new bachelor's degree, we discover.Then there were the scattered remainderwith reasons that could be expected in­cluding: "Got married. Husband has asubscription." "Too expensive; one dollarwould be about right." And two whothought the Magazine impossible.But one floored us by saying he wouldn'trenew because he didn't like Mr. Hutchins,who isn't on our editorial staff, never con­tributes articles unless we request them,neither he nor the University receives anypart of the dues, and we don't even knowthat he reads the Magazine.Few had specific criticisms but most in­dicated their preferences in a section ofthe questionnaire which divided the Mag­azine into departments. We'Il tell youabout that shortly.Meanwhile, a thousand questionnaireswere mailed to current members, askingthe same questions (omitting the why­didn't-you-renew, of course). We dividedthe Magazine into the same sections.We carried a space for "Features I wouldadd." There was another space for "Fea­tures I would drop," in which one wrote:"Impudent and stupid questionnaires likethis!"For our purposes the questionnaire wasn'tso stupid. There were 317 returned.They divided the Magazine into twoequal parts.The first four most popular divisionswith both former and present memberswere:1. Articles by faculty authorities2. News of University progress (Newsof the Quadrangles)3. Stories about alumni and their work4. News of the classesWe were mildly surprised to find classnotes in fourth place when former polls,both by us and alumni magazines at otherinstitutions, had usually placed them first.Part two was a photo finish for OneMan's Opinion and Editor's Memo Pad,with Opinion shooting sharply aheadamong alumni of the 1930s .and MemoPad dropping to last place among thosewho did not renew. To keep Opinionhumble, we might add that the Bookscolumn, with those who didn't renew, tookfirst place in this division. The Letterscolumn was third with both former and current members, and Books fourth withcurrent members.Many made definite suggestions for im­provement in all departments and we thinkyou will notice the difference "in subseq lien tissues.In the "write in" part of the question­naire were some added suggestions whichdeserve commen t.More pictures was the most frequent re­quest. So we gave you $300 worth inOctober. How long we can continue thisstrain on the budget depends on circula­tion trends, bu t we're optimistic.More Hutchins and less Hutchins keptpopping up but the mores were in thevast majority. With our present futurecommitments to cover more University de­partments, it probably won't be more.Cartoons and humor were suggested (seein this issue): Explain the College was afrequent request. We are now workingon a series we hope will do it in wordsof one syllable.A number of members of the seconddecade classes wanted a directory. With52,000 alumni changing addresses at therate of a thousand a month, this is a bigorder. No promises at the moment. "Howabout a little color?" Do you know whatthat costs with four plates for every illustra­tion and four runs for every page usingthem? Or, if you are referring to oneother color for heads or lines for decora­tion, we'll give it serious consideration.But the comment we liked the best andwhich, like the frosting on our cake, wesaved till the last was: "We're crazy. Weread the whole thing from cover to coverand enjoy it." From a husband, '24, andwife, '25, in Chicago.Christmas surprise'Vhy not a surprise Christmas member­ship to your former Midway roommate orclassmate? If you've lost contact, we havethe address.Here's how: Send us $3.00 and his name.We'll look up his address and send him aChristmas letter with any message fromyou. A copy will be mailed to you soyou'll have his address.If he's a member, we'll extend his mem­bership. If he's a life member, we'll re­turn your money with his address, in theevent you don't have it.\Ve sent out over fifty such Christmasmemberships last year. It's a pleasant wayof renewing old acquaintances.CartoonsThe illustrations for "Sense or Censor­ship" (P. 8)-aren't they marvelous! Alumniof the forties will recognize the fine penhand of Sophie (Cissie) Liebshutz, '46.Cissie is making her funny, sophisticatedcharacters work for her these days withpublic appearances in' such journals asThe Saturday Review of Literature. Sowe are deeply and enthusiastically appre­ciative of the time-out she took to illustratethis story.We sent her the manuscript and said,"Use your imagination, your fine-pointedpen, and fire at will." Our most sincerethanks, Cissie.Esoterics Prepare for 1950On July 9 the Esoterics met at Ida Noyesto elect officers and plan seasonal meetingsfor the year ahead. Their first big post-wardinner will be held the night of the 1950Interfraternity Sing. Meanwhile, all Esoter- ics are requested to get in contact with thenew president, Mary Hammel Davis, '41,1508 N. May Street, Joliet, Illinois.Other officers elected: Midge HibbardPaltzer, '41, V.P.; Mary Reay Shostrom,'-] I, Sec.; Doris Daniels Kaiser, '40, Treas.To Laertes, '53An editorial by Chicago Tribune editorialwriter Leon Stolz, '14, on the day his. onlyson left to enter Reed College, Portland,Oregon.You have to see your own freshman of{to college to realize what was wrong withold Polan ius. He is an object of ridiculewhen he delivers his precepts to his de­parting son, even tho the maxims them­selves (Hamlet I, 3) are highly regarded.What made him ridiculous was his beliefin parting precepts.It may be doubted that mottoes are everof much value in regulating conduct. Atany rate, Laertes, at 18 or thereabouts,was what he was and a few mottoes moreor less, no matter how sharply phrased,weren't going to change him. If at his agehis character wasn't formed to the oldman's satisfaction, nothing that Polan iuscould say was likely to remedy the sup­posed defects.Still, it is possible to sympathize withthe old gentleman. His heart was reallvfull. He did want to give the kid some.thing to live by, beyond the mere money ofhis allowance. He did yearn to send thehest of himself with the boy to help himif he needed help; and so he gave him apage of maxims.That was foolish, even tho, as maximsgo, they constitute as fine a collection ascan be found outside the Book of Proverbs.Insofar as Polonius could form Laertes'character, he did so by example, not byprecept, and the molding hegan as soonas the lad became aware of the existenceof his father. Maybe the thought had justpopped into the old man's head thataround the palace he hadn't always re.,membered to set an example.The realization is one which would anddoes induce silence in most fathers, butPolonius was a politician and accordinglyhe spouted as politicians generally dowhen brought face to face with theirneglected opportunities. "Give thy thoughtsno tongue," said the father to his son.The trouble' with Polonius was that hedidn't believe his own stuff. He wouldhave done better just to pat the kid onthe shoulder and say "So long, son."Cribbed from Kup's ColumnChicago Sun-Times: John Howe ['27],assistant to William Benton [Trustee], pub­lisher of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, re­cently presented President Truman with"The .. Great Pictures," a book of prizephotographs. . . . The President pulled aneat switch and asked Howe for his auto­graph. "Mr. President," Howe replied,"You are the first to ask for and receive 111Vsignature." 'Washington ClubThe new Washington, D. C. ChicagoClub officers are: Katherine A. Frederic,Ph,D '40, pres.; Robert G. Nunn, JD '42, 1stv.p.; Helen deWertham, '36 (Mrs. A. D.Manvel), 2nd v.p.; Helen Strong, '17, PhD'21, 3d v.p.; James R. Sharp, '32, JD '34.treas.; Willis H. Shapley, '38, asst. treas.PAUL VINCENT HARPER(See Page 15)A simple list of the things PaulHarper had done and was doing forthe University shows what a loss ithas suffered in his sudden and pre­mature death.He was Counsel for the Univer­sity in important matters in 1933. Hewas the founder of the AlumniSchool. He had been a Trustee since1941. He was a charter member ofthe group that inaugurated the GreatBooks program for adults. He wasa member of the Committee of theBoard that made the arrangementsby which the University took overEncyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. Hewas for many years a member of theCommittee on Instruction and Re­search of the Board of Trustees andtook an active part in every educa­tional development at the University.At the time of his death he hadjust been appointed Chairman of theBoard's Committee on Nominationsand Chairman of its Committee onthe Library. The first determines thecomposition of the Board; the seconddeals with one of the University'smost pressing problems. He had al­ready circularized the members ofthese committees warning them thathe was going to make them workhard.I never saw President Harper, but,from all accounts, Paul was verymuch like him. He looked like him;and he had the same vitality andenergy. He was interested in every­thing about the University. He andhis wife and children were all a partof it. He lived in the house on. thecorner of University Avenue from thetime he was four until he left homefor good. His mother used to saythat when he was a boy he wouldbreathe on the window of his roomand write messages backward to thegirls in the dormitory across thestreet.One of the last things he did beforehe went to the hospital was to gothrough the house from top tobottom and inspect the changes thathave been made in it. It was charac­teristic of his attitude toward theUniversity as a whole that, as hereminisced nostalgically about someof the more monstrous features of thehouse, he applauded the alterationsthat removed them.When my wife and I went to seehim in the hospital after his opera­tion, he insisted on a full account ofthe Trustees' meeting he had missedand discussed at length everythingthat had occurred at it. He was anideal trustee. He knew all about theUniversity. He thought about it all Velume 42 November 1949 Number ·2PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONManaging EditorHOWARD W. MORT Contributing EditorsJeanette Lowrey .William V. MorgensternRobert M. StrozierEditorsLAURA BERGQUISTLEONARD L. COLBYIN THIS ISSUEEDITOR'S MEMO PAD COVER 1PAUL VINCENT HARPER, R. M. HUTCHINS 1YALTA-FACT AND FICTION, Walter Johnson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2RADIO ON THE MIDWAY 6SENSE OR CENSORSHIP, William D. Grampp , .. _..... 8MORT OF HARRIS BROTHERS 10Two DECADES AND MR. HUTCHINS, William V. Morgenstern .. 12ECHOES OF THE RUSSIAN BOMB, Jeanette Lowrey. . . . . . . . . .. 13FIVE WEEKS IN A ROWBOAT, Erwin F. Beyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 15REFLECTIONS AFTER FIVE, Robert M. Strozier . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 17CALENDAR ;......... 20NEWS OF THE CLASSES 22COVER: Radio on the Midway in operation. Photographedduring recording of a program in Mitchel Tower:In engineer's booth behind glass, left, Robert St.John and Ted Leviton: in studio, reading clockwise,Janet Robin. Dean John Bergstresser. BHI Freyd(standing) and Walter Feit.(Cover, Radio Midway and Walter Johnson picturesby Llewellyn, '48)Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberthru June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscrip­tion price $3.00, Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agen�y of the Magazme.the time. He had ideas about whatit might do)' and they were good. ideas. He was always humble aboutthem) much more so than he shouldhave been.He would spend any amount oftime preparing memoranda on sub­jects under discussion and talkingwith the officers about them. Hisimagination and energy may havegiven the superficial impression thathe was hasty and reckless. Not at all.He saw the objections to anycourse of action, including any thathe proposed himself)' and) as I lookback upon it) he spent a large part of the time we were together remon­strating with me because of my ex­aggerations. His courage led himinto many fields, like the role of thechurch. in the education of adults)in which he was not an expert; hiscaution made him submit what heproposed to experts before he pub­lished it.Paul Harper enjoyed life in all itsaspects. He made everybody aroundhim enjoy it, too. His death has de­prived me of a friend I loved andthe University of one of its most in­telligent and devoted members.Robert Maynard Hutchins,YALTA-FACT AND FICTIONLessons in the writingOf d modern historyBY WALTER JOHNSON, AM '38, PhD '41Other Ameri­cans, among themGeneral GeorgeC. Mar s hall,Averell H a r r i -man, and CharlesE. Bohlen. can, ofcourse, add ex­tremely importantmaterial to therecord. And thestory of Americanmilitary pressureon Pre sid e n tRoo s eve 1 t, tobring the SovietUnion in to theJapanese War-apressure which re­s u I ted in themuch - criticizedFar EasternAgreement -needs to be toldin full to theAmerican people.It's to be hopedthat the memoirsof the Chiefs of Staff, or the openingof their records, will soon throw lighton this problem.I believe, however, that the mostimportant and comprehensive singledocument about Yalta will prove, inyears to come, to be that . of Mr.Stettinius. I helped' him with itspreparation for nine months, fromSeptember, 1948, through June, 1949.We worked in Rapidan and Char­lottesville, Virginia, and then inFebruary went into seclusion, forthree weeks, at his oceanside homein Pompano, Florida. There weworked up the next to the last draft.Many side trips were made to Wash­ington, D. C., and New York to in­terview State Department and civilianand military personages who had been'vitally concerned, both before andafter Yalta, with the problems dis­cussed at the Conference. Fifty ormore persons saw the final manu-Walter Johnson, Associate Professor of' History, authorof "Wi'lliam Allen White's America." and co-author withAvery Craven of "The U. S. Experiment in Democracy,"is now husy editing the papers of Joseph Grew, ex-am­bassador to Japan. Johnson ls a member of the foreignscholarship committee, (Fulbright Act), and in 1943 re­ceived a $1000 Award for Excellence in Teaching.WAS the Yalta Conference a sell­out-as some critics charge-inwhich vital U. S. interests were com:promised by FDR?The first day-by-day description ofthe intimate discussions held in theRussian Crimea, between February 4and 11, 1945, is being made publicthis month by ex-secretary of State, \Edward R. Stettinius. The recordcould have been written by only twoother participants-Harry Hopkins orPresident Roosevelt. Unfortunately,Roosevelt never did so, and Hopkins,who was seriously ill during the con­ference, was able to attend onlyplenary sessions, and none of themeetings of foreign ministers. Evenabout these, he took at best scatterednotes. J ames Byrnes, though aknowledgable adviser, likewise couldnot participate as fully in the con­fidential proceedings, as could a Sec­retary of State.2 script, and offered important andpertinent suggestions about it.The beginningsI suppose the story of Rooseveltand the Russians really began inNew York, at the Savoy Plaza, whereMr. Stettinius and Chancellor Hutch­ins were lunching one day. Mr. Stet­tinius, in reminiscing about his serv­ices with the American government,mentioned in passing that he had keptdetailed notes about them. Mr.Hutchins urged him as a public dutyto place those facts, about one ofthe most crucial periods in U. S. his­tory, on the record.He must have been persuasive. Forin the spring of 1948, the phone rangin my office on the Chicago campus,one morning, and the Chancellor, onthe other end of the wire, asked ifI might be interested in assisting EdStettinius prepare a book, dealingwith his entire State Department ca­reer. The project seemed enormouslyexciting and stimulating, and withina few days I. was in the East, talkingit over. A leave of absence was ar­ranged and I arrived in Virginia,eager to begin.Since resigning from the chairman-.ship of the U. S. Steel CorporationBoard, in 1940, Stettinius had servedas Lend Lease Administrator, UnderSecretary of State, then Secretary ofState and first U. S. delegate to theUN. At first, he intended to Coverhis entire' governmental career, in avolume of memoirs, but as we ex­amined his documents, it soon becameapparent that Yalta of itself meriteda book. Increasingly, to his dismay,there had been a developing miscon­ception about the Conference, a trendtoward making Yalta and "appease­ment" synonomous: and the public'sconcern about Soviet-American re-,lations was greater than ever before.The full story of Stettinius' career,therefore, must be rounded out inanother book, covering such events asTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDumbarton Oaks, the Chapultepecand San Francisco conferences, his ex­perience as first U. S. delegate tothe UN, etc.How we workedWhile laboring on that next-to-the­last draft, and in a sub tropic climateat that, we put in hefty workingdays. Mine at minimum ran ninehours, Stettinius' on occasion length­ened into 21. It was an interestingcoincidence that our work in Floridacorresponded with the fourth anni­versary of the Conference itself, andindeed, as he re-read his notes, andwas stimulated to talk about them,Stettinius seemed, at times, to relivethe days at Yalta. A phrase, a para­graph, brought to mind many an in­cident, anecdote or sidelight, not tobe found in any written record.Among other things, we scrupulous­ly attempted to assemble the storyin the framework of 1945, free ofthe disillusionment of 1949 and "hind­sight" reporting - a 1945 when wewere just recovering from the Battleof the Bulge, and the first atomicbomb test was yet five months away.The number of documents to bechecked, and persons interviewed, wasformidable. To ensure absolute ac­curacy, we compared all of our ma­terial with copies of official docu­ments covering the period. This wasnot always easy. Each delegation of theConference had its own interpreter,and kept its own minutes and records.No stenographic record was made of'day-by-day discussions, though thesumming up of decisions arrived atwent into a final, official protocol,carefully prepared by Anthony Eden,V. M. Molotov, and Mr. Stettiniusand staffs. As a result, the British,Russian and American day-to-dayrecords may well vary in their de­scription of just what word or phrasewas used by a given speaker. Onthe other hand, the official docu­ments, introduced during the talksby the three countries, as well as finalagreements, appear the same in allthree sets of' notes.Perhaps-and this is only personalconjecture-it was felt there wouldbe more leeway for give-and-take,for open, frank discussion and com­promise, if an official weren't tak­ing down every casual remark, ver­batim.Nonetheless, s�me attendants, like J ames Byrnes, took their own personalshorthand notes, and Charles E. Boh­len had the double task of interpret­ing, and taking longhand notes for theUnited States.Fortunately, the military followeda different practice. Although eachof the three nations had someone tak­ing notes, the trio cleared their ver­sions with each other and all par­ticipants.To recapitulate, briefly, the settingfor Yalta: it was the second meetingof the Big Three, their longest (eightdays), and most important. r twasthe first time Churchill, Roosevelt,and S t a lin reached fundamentalagreement on postwar problems, asdistinct from mere statements ofaims and purposes. I t was the firstoccasion on which the Chiefs of Staffof all three nations, in separate meet­ings, conducted an exhaustive exam­ination of the respective military posi­tions of the Allied Forces and dis­cussed in detail their future plans.The timing of the second front andrelated military questions had beendiscussed at Teheran, but it wasn'tuntil Yalta that sufficient confidenceexisted among the three nations forfree and open examination of futureoperational plans.High tide of accordThe Yalta Conference (which theRussians preferred to have known asthe Crimean, a name which nevertook with the American public), thusmarked the high tide of British, Rus­sian, and American cooperation inthe war and postwar settlement. Inthe days following, most U. S. news­papers acclaimed its results: WalterLippman observed "there had beenno more impressive conference in ourtime" : Senators Barkley, Vanden­burg, White, Kilgore, praised its re­sults: public opinion surveys revealedthe American people considered it asuccess - a hope for a longtimepeace, increased satisfaction with theway the Big Three were cooperating,and with the way the President andState Department were handlingAmerican interests abroad.Three years later, however, theConference was under bitter attack.John T. Flynn charged that Mr.Roosevelt had conceded everything toStalin, and Westbrook Pegler assertedthe President had betrayed the U. S.and Christendom. 3Actually, the records reveal thatsuch charges are based either on mis­understanding, confusion or prejudice,or result from bitter' disappointmentfrom the Soviet Union's subsequentfailure to car r y out agreementsreached at r alta, rather than, theagreements themselves.Let me quote from the book:"President Roosevelt was wellaware of the nature of Soviet so­ciety. Its dictatorial and author­itarian aspects were' as repugnant tohim as to any American. But healso had a strong sense of history.He knew that no society was static,and he believed the U. S. could domuch, through firmness, patience andunderstanding, over a period of time,in dealing with the Soviet Union, toinfluence its evolution away from dic­tatorship toward a free, tolerant andpeaceful society.HWhile this process of evolutionwas taking place, we could faithfullysupport the U ni ted Nations charterover a span of years, and use the UNin every possible way to keep theworld on an even keel, and enableit . to ride out, without disaster, theinevitable strains and stresses of ourtimes."I t was essential that Prime Min­ister Churchill and President Roose­velt make an honest attempt at Yaltato work with the Russians. For thepeace of the world, they had to makeevery effort to test the good faith ofthe Soviet Union. Until agreementswere made and tested, the worldcould not clearly know of the diffi­culties of securing Russian compliancewith agreements. The Western na­tions could not follow their presentpolicy toward the Soviet Union untilthey had behind them the record ofFDR and Churchill in their joint ef­fort to deal with the Russian leadersin an honest and honorable manner."On certain issues, of course, eachof the three Great Powers modifiedits original position in order to reachagreement. Although it is sometimesalleged that there is something evil incompromise, actually, of course, com­promise is necessary for progress asany sensible man knows. Whenreached honorably and in a spirit ofhonesty by all concerned, it is the onlyfair and rational way of reaching areasonable agreement betwen two dif­fering points of view. We should notbe led by our dislike and rightful re-4 TIlE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEjection of of appeasement in the Mu­nich sense into an irrational and un­tenable refusal to compromise.The record of the Conference showsclearly that the Russians made greaterdiplomatic concessions to the UnitedStates and Great Britain than weremade to them. And the agreementsreached among President Roosevelt,Prime Minister Churchill and Mar­shal Stalin were, on the whole, adiplomatic triumph for the U. S.The major fictions about the YaltaConference stack up something as fol­lows-and I have tried to put downsome of the clarifying facts aboutthem:Poland betrayed?By Yalta, it must be remembered,it was no longer a question of whatBritain and the U. S. would permitRussia to do in Poland, but whatthey could persuade her to accept. ByFebruary, 1945, Poland and all ofEastern Europe, except for most ofCzechoslovakia, was in Red Armyhands.Roosevelt won from Stalin thepledge that the Lublin governmentwould be reorganized to. includedemocratic leaders from home andabroad. The Marshal also gavethe go-ahead signal for "free and un­fettered elections" to be held at anearly date. The trouble was not inthe formula, but Russia's delayingtactics, in holding a fair election.FDR refused to accept Russia's re­quest that the western Neisse Riverbe Poland's western boundary, andStalin agreed to leave this questionto the peace conference. The U.S.was in no position to change the Rus­sian attitude on the eastern boundary,the Curzon line, drawn in 1919 by anAllied Commission. Stalin insistedupon it, but later did propose minordeviations of six to' eight kilometresin favor of Poland.10 billions' in Russ reparations?FDR was willing that the Russianfigure of 20 billions in total repara­tions (10 billion to be earmarked forRussia), be considered only as a basisfor discussion, by the ReparationsCommission. It was impossible, FDRbelieved, to discuss the amount in anyintelligent fashion until the Allies dis­covered what was left of Germanyafter the war. This is the way it ap­pears in the protocol. The Russians, after Roosevelt's death, incorrectlyclaimed that he had agreed to theirfigure at Yalta.FOR ill? Badly prepared?"Eden," says Stettinius (followinga pre-conference lunch aboard theQuincy), "remarked that the Presi­dent looked better, seemed muchcalmer and more relaxed than whenhe had last seen him. He thoughtMr. Roosevelt was in particularly fineshape. . . It seemed to me, that somekind of deterioration had taken placebetween the middle of December andthe inauguration on January 20. Inspite of this, however, I wish to em­phasize that at all times from Maltathrough the Crimean conference, Ifound him mentally alert and fullycapable of dealing with each situa­tion as it developed. The stories thathis health took a turn for the worseis, to the best of my knowledge, with­out foundation. The pace of the Con­ference was grueling, and by the lastday he naturally showed fatigue.However he continued to explain theAmerican position skilfully and dis-,tinctIy, and served as a moderatinginfluence when the discussions be­came heated.""In the days just before the Presi­dent sailed for the island of Malta,he talked with me many times aboutsuch problems as voting in the Se­curity .Council, French participationin the control of Germany, Sovietviews on Reparations, Poland, Iran,spheres of influence in Europe. . . .He was greatly impressed by the StateDepartment reports on all these ques- .tions. They had been placed in aloose-leaf binder for him and he in­structed they be in his cabin at alltimes. We had brought with us ex­cellent material for any conceivablequestion that might be raised."We gave Russ UN veto power?Actually, American delegations atDumbarton Oaks, and, after, favoredbig power veto on matters involvingmilitary sanctions. Military chiefs feltthat the U.S. shouldn't join any or­ganization in which force could beused without its consent: a straightmajority vote on these matters would'have meant that the armed forces, ofany major nation, could be usedwithout its consent-quite likely asthe result of a vote cast largely by nations which had few armed forcesto contribute.The veto was also favored by mem­bers of Congress, who were consultedon plans for the UN.'Secret eqreernenf on Far East?Immense pressure was being put onthe President by our military leadersto bring Russia into the Far EasternWar, for Japan's surrender wasn't an­ticipated until 1947, and the Battleof the Bulge had cast a deep gloomabout the ending of the German War ..Stalin said certain concessionswere essential for Russian entry intothe war against Japan-withoutthem, the Supreme Soviet and theRussian people, would wonder whythey had entered the war in the FarEast, since no overt act had beenmade against them.The Far Eastern Agreement, inwhich Russian rights in the Far East,violated by Japan in 1904, were re­stored, and the Kurile Islands trans­ferred to the Soviet Union, wasprimarily a military matter, handledby FDR and Averell Harimann, Over­all co-ordinator of American militaryand civilian affairs in Moscow. If toomany people had participated, infor­mation might have leaked to Japan,who could upset Allied plans bylaunching an early attack on the So­viet Union, before Soviet troopscould be shifted from Europe to theFar East.Said the military: "With Russia as'an ally in the war against Japan, thewar can be terminated in less timeand at less expense in life and re­sources."We gai'ned at YaltaThe first real coordination of Rus­sian and Western military activities.Soviet air bases near Budapest andelsewhere were made available to theU. S. Army Air Force. There was afrank statement, for the first time, ofthe Soviet's future plans for offensiveoperations.American insistence on the earlyestablishment of a world organiza­tion, at Yalta and earlier, broughtabout the San Francisco conferencebefore the war's close. Had the threecountries waited until the war's end. to draft the Charter, it is doubtfulthe UN would ever have been formed.At Yalta, Russia, withdrew her re­quest for 16 votes in the General As-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5sernbly, in the. face of adamant oppo­sition from the U. S. and Great Brit­ain. It also withdrew its request thatwe agree at Yalta to invite theUkraine and White Russia to the SanFrancisco Conference, though thePresiden t and Prime Minister didpledge to support admission of thetwo.The additional votes were not sig­nificant and haven't been an impor­tant factor in the UN one way or an­other. It was better to meet the re­quest of Russia in this matter andsecure its participation, than drivethem entirely out of a world organiza­tion.Russia agreed, moreover, to theU. S. definition of countries to be in­vited to the SF Conference, makingpossible particularly the participationof the Latin American nations.Originally, the Russians wanted a.big power veto in all decisions whereone of the big Council powers wasinvolved in a conflict. The U. S. in­sisted the veto shouldn't apply whenthe Council sought peaceful settle­ment, as opposed to economic andmilitary sanctions. This point we won.Again, we persuaded Stalin, againsthis considerable opposition, not onlyto approve a French zone in Germany,but French participation in the Al­lied Control Commission.FROM THE BOOK"ROOSEVELT AND THE RUSSIANS:the Yalta Conference," by Edward R. Stet­tinius Jr. and edited by Walter Johnson(Doubleday, $4) .Roosevelt Chides Churchill"When the President told Churchillthat China does not want Indo­China, Churchill replied 'Nonsense.'The President said to him: 'Winston,this is something which you are justnot able to understand. You have400 years of acquisitive instinct inyour blood and you just don't understand how a country might notwant to acquire land somewhere ifthey can get it. A new period hasopened in the world's history andyou will have to adjust yourself toit.' The President then said that theBritish would take land anywhere inthe world, even if it were only rockor sand bar."Stalin On Britain's Labor Party"He remarked ... that he did notbelieve the Labour Party would everform a government in Great Britain."Churchill to FDR'(He expressed irritation over thePresident's plan to leave the next day,remarking, 'But Franklin, you cannotgo. We have within reach a very greatprize.' Stalin then remarked that- hetoo thought more time was neededto finish the business of the Confer­ence, but the President replied thathe had three kings waiting for himin the Near East. It was clear fromwhat the President had said to methat he felt it was necessary for himto apply such pressure as this in orderto prevent the Conference from drag­ging on for days."Churchill On War Criminals"N e thought that a list of majorcriminals should be drawn up atY alta. He added that he thoughtthey should be shot once their iden­tity was established. When Stalinasked about Rudolph Hess ... hereplied that events would catch upwith Hess, and he thought the warcriminals should be given a judicialtrial. He then changed his mindabout drafting the list of war crimi­nals, and added that all they shoulddo at the Conference was exchangeviews on the subject."Stalin On Party Politics"He remarked that left and rightwere now just parliamentary terms.For example, under classical politicalconcepts, Monsieur Daladier, whowas a Radical Socialist, was more to the left than Mr. Churchill: yet Mon­sieur Daladier had dissolved theFrench trade unions, while Mr.Churchill had never molested themin Britain. Who then, Stalin in­quired, could be considered more tothe left?"Stalin On Tito"Stalin said that Tito was a proudman, and now that he was a popularhead of a regime he might resent ad­vice (on the formation of a unifiedYugoslav government). The PrimeMinister answered that he felt thatMarshal Stalin could risk this. Stalinobserved -that he was not afraid toadvise Tito."Churchill And The Freedoms"Churchill jollied the Presidentabout the phrase 'Freedom fromwant.' He said that he had alwaysintended to. ask . Mr. Roosevelt whathe meant by the word 'want.''( 'I suppose,' Churchill said, 'thatit means privation and not desire?"Why The Crimea?"T here had been considerable dis­cussion of the location of this BigThree Conference. Stalin had In­formed both the President and thePrime Minister that, while the Sovietwinter offensive was on, because ofthe many decisions which he person­ally had to make, he could not leaveSoviet territory. While we were at theConference, we had many opportun­ities to see the immense amount oftime the Marshal devoted to topmilitary strategy. We then betterunderstood his refusal to leave theSoviet Union for the meeting."Stalin On Reparations"He spoke with great emotion,which was in sharp contrast to hisusual, calm manner. On several oc­casions he arose, stepped behind hischair, and spoke from that position,gesturing to emphasize his point. Theterrible German destruction in Russiaobviously had moved him deeply."DECEMBER ISSUE: THE FIRST ARTICLE IN A SERIES ABOUT THE NEWCOLLEGE PROGRAMRADIOON THE MIDWAYIt serves up Bach, Hutchins, Jazz, SoapOpera and Arabic language programsRADIO Midway is a brash andlively young four - and - a -halfwatt station, whose public companion­ably sits within 500 foot reach.A one-minute commercial, (NBCplease note), costs $1.25; a five-min­ute campus newscast, $2. Reader'sDrugstore, a mogul among RM ad­vertisers, pays $10 for an hour ofVariety Show. This bargain includescomedy, a studio audience of 50, asix piece be-bop orchestra, and tele­phone quiz. (Identify a randomquote from a college text and younet a bottle of shaving lotion, a suitcleaned free, a pie baked .by theBurton- Judson dietician.)A popular activityFor 17 hours daily, the stationamuses and edifies the Midway. Twothirds of that time, it re-wafts goodFM music programs, on regularradio wavelength. (640 on the dial).The rest is given over to "live"shows, done up by students.During September's OrientationWeek, 150 students signed up forradio work, in Ida Noyes Hall. Mostwere piped reaming about the glamorjobs, announcing and disc jockey­ships.This sizeable interest indicatesthat radio is now a sharp, majorcompention to such old stand­bys as the Maroon) which comes outweekly. Three newscasts each nightoutscoop it, but Maroon editors ami­ably help out with their preparation.A couple of thousand dollar checksput the station in business. They werewritten in the autumns of '47 and'48 by Dr. Eugene Chimene, '18, ofForest Hills, whose son Lucien, '46,•now a New York ad man, thoughtthe campus should have a radio sta­tion just as 116 other colleges now do. Across from a laundry, deep inthe basement of Burton-Judson Court,RM built a small studio and controlroom. Present inventory: six mikes,two $110 turntables, an FM tuner,two transmitters, tape recorder, and,a console, or control panel, handbuiltby Cal Herrmann, Hubert Bath,Robert St. John, and rehauled re­cently by Ted Bowen and GlennWalker.Programs are hearable in the B- JCourts, Manley House, and the Fos­ter - Kelly - Green - Beecher chain ofgirls' dorms. If the budget permits,International House and the Rey­nolds Club may join the family thiswinter, united also by undergroundphone line, which carries the signal toa transmitter.The Berle of Radio Midway, whocommands absolute peak listenership,is R. M. Hutchins. A thousand stu­dents will await rebroadcast of oneof his speeches. Six hundred weredevotees of a Bach cycle, 9-11 nightly,for a week, and the Beethoven Cyclewhich followed. At least 400 take inHumanities II or History lectures;rebroadcast in the evening. SocialScience I took to the air, but as hastilycame off, when class attendancedwindled 40%. Minus radio competi­tion, it melted 10% more, which justgoes to show, say RM promoters, thatradio is "no real menace to good livelectures."FCC says so long as the beamradiates no more than 500 feet, noofficial license, or regulating, isneeded. This gives RM lots of lee­way in broadcasts. For example, big­time networks can't : play the racierlyrics from "Kiss Me Kate," but RMcan. The University, in the personof Dean John L. Bergstresser, has ahands-off, non-censorship policy to-6 The station's two sparkplugs, John But'Janusch, left, and Ted Leviton, ready lof classic recordings in the control iward the young student actIvIty, solong as "it keeps programs withinthe bounds of maturity and good. taste." Watch is kept by two execu­tives, Ted Leviton, 19, of Chicago, abusiness major, and John Buettner­Janusch, 24, of Eagle River, Wis.,biologist. Leviton keeps a sharp eyeout for ideas and : dollars. Buettner­Janusch operates as manager andmusic exp�rt.They ignore politics, there notbeing hours enough around the clock,say they, to air all sides of any ques­tion. As for the Broyles Committeehearings: "We remained non-par­tisan," says Janusch. "All we didwas announce where protest meet­ings were being held" and at whattime the buses left for Springfield."No be-bop. pleaseAs more barometric measure ofcampus tastes: a be-bop programfizzled, to the chagrin of its no morethan dozen devotees. Dixieland andjazz classics, however, remain popu­lar, and one $250 collector's-item rec­ord of "St. James Infirmary," pro­vokes reverent listening. Disc jockeyshows are a success in the girls' dorms,though one, heavy on Sinatra, inex­plicably left them cold.This Hooper style rating, by the by,is collected by a dozen or so vol­unteers, who race through the dormsat program time, eavesdropping. Can.. check every last listener in about 10minutes.Classic music bulks most important,in RM'S programming, and it en-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7joys an expert, vocal, and highlycritical audience. More than 1400records, or 2800 sides, are played eachquarter, all lent by Lowe's RadioStore, which reports only one brokenand paid for, to date.Two hours nightly, and four onSaturday, are devoted to Bach, Beet­hoven and Brahms, and lavish help­ings of rarely heard music-the mad­rigals of Elizabethan England, Ger­man lieder, a History of Music series,which covered German, Flemish and. French music evolution in the 17thand 18th centuries. A glance throughRM's mimeographed weekly programturns up such unfamiliars as "Inci­dental Music to a Gordian Knot Un­tied." Music-overseer Janusch waslulled to sleep as a child on GeraldineFarrar operatic records, and is some­thing of an encyclopedia of music.He has a tough audience to please.When an announcer once said thatBach's "Prelude and Fugue in FMinor" was coming up, and absent­mindedly put on the C Major instead,15 listeners rushed to the phone, tosay so. Even the most semi-occasionalTschaikowsky record rouses the ireof at least three purists: so does Gil­bert and Sullivan, which they term"vulgar operetta." "But we are edu­cating these guys in musical toler­ance," says the director.Announcers often ruffle audiencesensibilities by mispronouncing Bach,Mozart, and foreign titles. An an- nouncing class, being held this fallwith the help of expert news com­mentator Clifton Utley, '26, shouldremedy that.Radio Midway can venture intofields where big networks seldomtread.Such might be the now-de­funct program of the Semantics So­ciety, "Thoughts of Null A," or thehalf hour program on ContemporaryReligions,. dealing with Judaism,Christianity, Islam; or the discussionsof Goethe in German or Proust inFrench, attuning the ears of languagestudents to the spoken word. He­brew, Hawaiian, and Arabic haveerupted from RM. "Disc· Interna­tionale," a folk music programfeaturing Spanish gypsies, Indonesianthemes, and Haitian drum motifs,goes on quarter after quarter."Sadie Soupladle," a mock soapopera, had a hypnotic effect on someof its female listeners, who sand­wiched it into every lunch hour, fivedays weekly. Sadie is "the daughterof England's most wealthiest and mosttitled lord who marries aU. S. coalminer and can she make out?" Onesentence suffices to relate the day'sadventure, then ensue 15 minutes oftremulo organ music, shrieks, pistolshots, and endless jawing commercialsfor mythical products.The Dramatic Workshop airedhour-long dramas of "School for Scan- dal," Austen's "Emma," Kafka's"The Trial." Some scripts were stu­dent-adapted, others borrowed fromNBC. Don Kleine of the College pro­duced a series of Arch Oboler radiodramas. Tape recordings have beenmade of popular lectures, such asthose of Historian-Philosopher ArnoldToynbee, and given money, the li­brary of recordings will be expanded,to preserve the cogent speeches ofcampus scholars and wits for all time.Money for this, a new console, thelines to Int House and Reynolds Club,enlarged studios et al, is being hustledby Leviton. At an ambitious 14, hefound that child labor was forbiddenby federal statute, but there wasn'tany law against a child's employinglabor. He set up a basement-industryin Chicago, employing seven work­men, who wrapped raffia and asbestosabout the necks of glass hospitalflasks and sold them as water jugsto restaurants and big retail stores.The business did very well indeed,and garnered a lot of publicity,self-defeating, since it spurred toomuch competition to move in.Together with Student Forum, RMwill go into television this fall, pre­paring programs for downtown sta­tions, and it may even hookup, radio­wise, with other universities. By 'shortwave, news may come in from theUniversity of Illinois, and Paris,France.Left: Radio Midway braintrust meets in its Burton-Judson basement studio. Seated. I. to r .. Bill Shenkeim. DonArndt. Don Klein. Standing. Gerald Winn. Bert Bauer. Ted Jayne. Robert St. John. Richard Plano. Right: "DiscInternationale" is RM's most popular jockey show. Originators are I. to r .• Otto Feinstein. Pete Stein. John Ciotas.SENSE OR CENSORSHIPBy William D. Gramppi AM 1421 PhD 144so wholesome that censorship be­comes unnecessary. Such a publichowever, will be long in coming, andmeanwhile some stopgap measuresmust be taken. Although my sug­gestions are confined to literature,the principle guiding them may beapplied to other forms of communica­tion-periodicals, films, radio, tele­vision, sound slides, etc.The first (and nth) principle is:there shall be no overt or implieddepiction of characters, scenes,situations, or problems, which mightreflect unfavorably on races, nations,groups, etc.A fine start can be made witha single work each of Dickens andShakespeare. Realizing that Fagin, ofOliver Twist, and Shylock, of Mer­chant of Venice, are offensive, we goon to cleanse other areas of infection.The whole work need not be banishedbecause of an offensive passage orunpleasant character. Deletion isenough: if the work be truly great,it can't be so injured. If cuttingdestroys its point, what better proofexists that its merits are hollow?Applying these principles: Othellomust be altered, for he is offensivenot only to Negroes, easily confusedwith Moors, but the Berber Arabs,Editor's Note: "This article is my wayof saying 'ouch'," explains author Grampp,who teaches economics at the Universityof Illinois.He first found his blood pressure risingon reading accounts of the Broyles' Com­mittee hearings: it zoomed a few morepoints when he ran across a N. Y. Timesstory, reporting that legal action was inprogress to ban the Merchant of Veniceand Othello from public school readinglists.Grampp spent the war in Italy, as vice­consul in the Rome Embassy's Economic.Section. Lots of things riled him there too-but that's another article. braries will be clean of Oliver Twist,the Merchant of Venice, and otherbaneful influence.Some, of course, may argue thatsuch expurgation is a violation ofthe very liberties essential to the goodlife. They are mistaken. To denyruling authority, the right, nay theduty, to stand guard over intellectualinfluences on the community, is asmistaken as to forbid it responsi­bility for the public health, for streetcleaning, or garbage collecting. Youmay say: there's a slight differencebetween the novels of Dickens anddinner table leavings. In fact, thereIS none.For to admit there are degrees ofexcellence in literature, is to makecriticism possible. Now if there aredegrees of excellence there must bedegrees of wretchness, arid to use thewords "good" and "better" requiresas well the use of "poor" and "worse".The free man's duty is to choose thegood, and reject the bad. .One might well doubt the wisdomof present censorship methods. Isubmit the same ends can be achievedmore surely, if less swiftly, by other. '. means-namely by creating a public1:c-�.1t.a. � �� � ..• 4-u-A ... immune to dislikes and frictions, oneANYONE In favor of seeingfrictions abate, between variousgroups and classes in our society, willbe pleased with campaigns to shieldthe immature mind from prejudicialwriting. Should it succeed, our li-who eventually may wish to enterthe family of nations. Hamlet is nocredit to the Danes, who as everyoneknows, are not compulsive, self-doubt-8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9ing or in other ways neurotic, butindustrious, sober, upright, respect­ful of mothers and kings. Unpardon­able is the work Julius Caesar, whichimplies that Italians are either dic­tatorial or regicidal. Removal ofOthello, Hamlet, Caesar, Anthony,Cassius, Brutus et al from certaindramas alter them, to be sure, butthe change is for the better. Thechoice must be made: between re­specting the sensitivities of otherpeoples, or approving literature bymen who were mistaken in their In­terpretations of human nature.Other Shakesperean works needpruning: Macbeth, as a questionableversion of Scotch political habits;Henry V, for aspersions on the mili­tary courage of the French (we mayhave to depend on them as Allies).Dickens' novels fairly cry out tobe Bowdlerized. Dombey misrepre­sents the ethics of businessmen. Thecharacter of Sam Weller, in Pick­wick Papers, implies that domesticservants are irresponsible. Uriah Heepis an offense to white collar workers;Pecksniff makes devotion to familyseem a hypocritical act; Pip's unthink­ing assistance of a criminal strikesat the very root of law and order;Little Dorrit's self reliance impliesthat social work may be unnecessary.A revamping of our literature alongthese lines is no small undertaking.How, ask the skeptics, can the volu­minous works of Dickens andShakespeare alone be rewritten, tosay nothing of Chaucer (e. g. NonPriestess Tale), James Joyce (LeopoldBloom)? Practically speaking, how­ever, all we need do is secure enoughlabor for the work of revision. Analmost unlimited supply exists in ourinstitutions of higher learning. Whynot divert the vast effort, now ex­pended in writing doctoral disserta­tions, to improving the writings ofthe past? What richer work for ascholar than making Oliver Twista proper study for the young, orremodelling Shakespeare?Graduate students would be over­joyed, for they'd have the ampletime for reading, they say they lack.Professors might organize teams ofexpurgators. The whole could becoordinated by a public service insti­tution, to be called, perhaps, TheFoundation For Making Great BooksGreater. Financial support mightstem from publishers, who in return Gramppwould be given exclusive rights tonew editions. Such a project wouldkeep their presses operating at capac­ity for years. For not only wouldall old works be published anew, butas our wisdom increased, there wouldbe revised revisions. And merelyannouncing the publication of arevised revision would mean demandfor the old, less expurgated, version.Such salutary projects are, ofcourse, just a preliminary to remod­elling the reader. He must be taught,from infancy on, to reject unwhole­some ideas. This is not "thought con­trol," worthy only of authoritarians,but merely insurance that future gen­erations will grow up in a societyin which offensive books will never beread, and thus, from want of profit,published.just think, the innocent child to-day hears such lullabies as:"Bye, bye buntingPapa's gone a'huntinglIe's gone to catch a rabbit skinTo wrap his baby bunting in." Thus a tender young creaturelearns that his male parent supportshim by barbarian activity, one ofcruelty, indifference to weaker crea­tures, subject to the law of the jungle.A guileless tune like "Rock-a-bye­baby, in the tree top,'. idealizes climb­ing, pushing, shoving ahead at theexpense of others, getting to the top atall costs. It might, moreover, be asource of the fear of falling, so widelyrecognized in modern psychology("Down will come. baby, cradle andall." )As for nursery rimes:"He shall have but a penny a dayBecause he can't work any faster."Haven't labor unions noticed howthis prepares members of a workingclass family for the speed-up system?"Where is the little boy who looksafter the sheep?He's under the haystack fast asleep."Must an employer support workerswho have been taught that idlenessis charming and admirable?"The King of Spain's daughterCame to visit me.AI� because of my little nut tree."Can democracy tolerate this glam­orizing of royalty?Nursery tales are no better. Robin-;son Crusoe, glorifying individualenterprise as it does, must surelyrouse the ire of Europe's collectiveeconomies. Why haven't the Russiansbrought it to UN attention?What's the remedy? Let anotherfoundation be created, a Society forthe Reconstitution of Cradle Songs,Nursery Rimes and Bedtime Stories.I t might alter some jingles as follows:"See saw Marjorie DawJack needn't fear his master.'He shall have, a wage that's fair,To work so fast and no faster."As a substitution for the old LittleBoy Blue rime:"Where is the little boy who looksafter the sheep?Why he's off with the flock, earninghis keep!"And politically:"The King of Spain's daughterWill never marry me.lt's the age of the common man,Not of decadent royalty."Finally:"Bye, baby, bye, never, never cry,A rabbit skin's a horrid thingThe only proper hygienic careComes with use of washable slumber­ware."The meter may want a bit of clear­ing up, but the sense does not.MORT OF HARRIS BROTHERSA Tale of Garages, A Ferris Wheel, andA Flight to IsraelNA TURALL Y, the office of Mort­imer B. Harris, '21, is walnut­panelled. Woodwork, just about any­thing planed of birch, oak, somemahogany, and a lot of knotty pine,which he finds pretty tiresome,. hasbeen the Harris family trade forthree generations. If anything tireshim more than knotty pine-whichnow 'upholsters a couple of billionAmerican rumpus rooms-it's imita­tion knotty pine.Mort rides herd on 1200 men,plants in Wisconsin and Chicago, andan Oregon lumber mill, which makeshim a big power in national wood­work circles, and No. 1 in Chicago.After 5 P.M., he metamorphoses intoone of Chicago's most civic spirits, as1949 General Chairman of the Com­bined Jewish Appeal.He has been gently extracting about$11,000,000 from Chicagoans by goingto 150 meetings in six months, andchatting about his inspection flight toEurope and Israel last spring.He now glazes at the mere mentionof hamburger, which apparently hasreplaced fibrous chicken and bulletpeas as the piece de resistance of fundraising meals.About the time Detroit was sellingModel T's for $260, yes $260, theBrothers Harris had a hunch peoplewould need something to shelter themin. They put out a prefabricatedbuild-it-yourself garage, retailing at Harris$150, yes $150, and 75,000 sproutedin Chicago back lots alone. Since thecompany sinks about $100,000 yearlyinto Chicago Sunday newspaper ad­vertising, you've doubtless been smit­ten by some of that crowded, fullpagecopy urging you to buy their 200"Doors of Distinction," hot bargainsin glazed sashes, specials in red cedarshingles, the new Presto-Changescreen-storm window, fixable from theinside, which saves the man-of-the­house from toppling off stepladderseach spring and fall.Grandfather Moses Harris becamea boon to the lumber business in 1892,by going into used building materialswith his four sons. He bought up theChicago World's Fair of 1893, includ­ing a popular revolving gimmick just10 invented by a Mr. Ferris. There wasn't.money enough to buy insurance, how­ever, and when the bargain went upin flames, his single remaining assetwas the Ferris Wheel, which he cagilyshipped about to World's Fairs in St.Louis, Buffalo; Omaha, et al, to earnfamily eating money.The Brothers Harris bid on, boughtand dismantled World War I trainingcamps, like Great Lakes and FortSheridan. They were high bidders asthe government put the last lock onthe Panama Canal in 1914, and auc­tioned off leftover machinery, hospitalsupplies, industrial equipment.In the Chicago warehouse, the sort­ing. of this miscellany-including abatch of old locomotives which theylisted in a mail order catalogue andsold to Russia-went fine until theycame on 200 five-gallon bottles of acolorless liquid, sans labels.Chemists went to work and saidyes, it was a solution for preservingeyeballs. Since, mathematically, onegallon sufficed for a year's use in aclinical laboratory, they had enougheyeball preservative on hand to sup­ply every last hospital and lab in theworld for a couple of dozen years.The quartette of Harris boys grad­uated to the new building materialstrade in 1913 and Mort, who camein as office boy in 1922, moved intothe walnut-panelled presidential of­fice in 1932. With his brother, SamuelTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHarris Jr., and three other v-p's, he'snow top boss.At the University, he'd studied so­cial sciences and the law, captainedthe track team in his senior year(clocked by A. A. Stagg, whose loyaland admiring fan he remains,) wasIron Mask, Skull and Crescent, v-pof the Reynolds Club, Treasurer ofthe Junior Class and a C man. Hehas been vice president of the CollegeDivision of the Alumni Association,and is now a member of its cabinet.In 1946 he was awarded an AlumniCitation for good citizenship.Nowadays, the doors, windows,molding and cabinetwork in Chicagopublic housing projects like AltgeldGarden Homes and Robert Brooks areHarris tailormades, and so they aretoo in a great many suburban villasand palaces. The current buildingboom in new hospitals, schools,churches and homes, all of which edi­fices require doors and windows, untilsome mastermind can think up a sub­stitute, likewise creates a tidy market:Off for IsraelAlong with 49 other big-city chair­men of the United Jewish Appeal andChicago columnist Irv Kupcinet, whoplayed Boswell to the junket, Harrisflew to Europe last spring for a threeweek look at D P camps in Marseilles,France, Rome, and Israel itself, to seefirsthand how the fund's money is be­ing spent.Some seventy per cent now goes totransport DP's to Israel (primarily),Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Can­ada, the U. S. and to help settle themin their new lands. The other thirtyper cent is chiefly for local agencieslike Michael Reese Hospital, Mt.Sinai and the Winfield TB Sani­tarium.Drama-in Jerusalem his party wassniped at by an Arab and but a fewminutes after meandering down a sidestreet heard a sharp explosion. A landmine had killed two young boys walk­ing not far behind.He found-Tel Aviv looking like Miami Beach,building lavishly in white stucco be­cause of the lumber shortage. Thestreets swarmed with people day andnight. It seems there are so many newcitizens, crowded into every squareinch of living space, vacant roomsbeing taxable, everyone does his chat­ting and socializing outdoors. nThis is a picture of the Ferris wheel which GrandfatherHarris purchased in 1893. It was called the greatest engi­neering achievement of the 19th century; the wheel wasmade entirely of steel and had 36 coaches-each coachseated 60 passengers. Total cost: $362.000.Israel oranges are superb, "thesweetest in the world."War destruction in b u i 1 din g sbombed-and-gutted far exceeds re­ports, as do the number of casual­ties, yet unannounced, hut runninginto six figures.The Israelis are confident and na­tionalistic, proud of having held offfive Arab nations. Many women stillwear uniforms, and are more aggres­sive and independent, by virtue oftheir soldiering, than even the U. S.female.The new look in PalestineShades of Hitler, the young Pales­tine-born Israelis are "aryan" andnordic looking, fairhaired blue-eyed,bigboned and athletic. They are called"Sabras", an Arabic term denoting"fruit of the cactus"-a product toughon the outside, sweet on the inside.Sixty thousand DP's still live intents, until buildings can be reared tohouse them. More than 25,000 pourin each month, much as if the U. S.suddenly started importing 45 millionimmigrants a year. Given a free choice of emigrating to the U. S. or Israel,everyone of the 100 women Mortqueried said "Israel." They were tiredof being a minority, had heard toomuch about hate mongering and la­tent anti-semitism in the States andsaid they wanted to spare their chil­dren every possible expression ofprejudice. "If trouble comes again, atleast we're all together," as onesummed it up.They come from everywhereIsraelis come largely from DPcamps in Germany, Austria, andEastern Europe; some, more re­cently, from Moslem countries. Theofficial language of course is Hebrew,but English is well nigh universal.There's a surplus of doctors. in thenew state, which means more thanadequate medical care for all.Mort would like to re-check thenew land's progress in five years.Meanwhile, any junketing he doeshenceforth will be with his wife andthree daughters, jeanne, 21, Mary, 19,and Helen, 16. L. B.One Man's OpinionTWO DECADES AND MR. HUTCHINSBY WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20. JD '22ON the nineteenth of this monthMr. Hutchins passes a con­ventional milestone.' Twenty yearsago, just as the signs of serioustrouble were becoming apparent inthe brave new post-war world, hewas inaugurated as the fifth presidentof the University, then only a 38-year-old institution. As president andChancellor, Mr. Hutchins has beenchief executive of the Universitylonger than any of his predecessors.For some purposes, twenty yearsis a long time, but in education it istoo brief a period to make much ofan impression on imbedded traditionand vested interests. The influenceMr. Hutchins has had on Americaneducation will not be discernible foranother fifty years, when appraiserscan look back at what results fromthe present welter of slogans, double­talk, and general intellectual im­poverishment that now afflicts the en­terprise. By then, perhaps, educa­tors will have quit inventing form­ulas for "educ';_tion in the atomicage," and offering courses on squaredances in teachers' college. They mayhave undertaken some fundamentalreforms, and if so, some of the prin­ciples that Mr. Hutchins has advo­cated are likely to have been adoptedas guides to the reformation.Blue printMr. Hutchins has enunciated someringing phrases in his. analysis of edu­cation. He has called for a moral andspiritual revolution, a�d has sug­gested that a university must dedi­cate itself to a common purpose.Most of his contemporaries have re­plied that he is a visionary, andwhere is his blue print? Did he pro­pose to make education "studentcentered," and what was he going todo about the "whole man"? Theyhave muttered that he was a medi­evalist, a traditionalist, and an au­thori tarian.It is reasonably apparent to any­one who has read his speeches andobserved his career in the University that Mr. Hutchins has both a phil­osophy and a definite program. Hecan operate with equal skill at twolevels, that of philosophic formula­tion, and at the practical, realisticmethod of achieving change. Hiseducational premises are really verysimple. He' says that education forthe atomic age is fundamentally nodifferent from education for thehorse and buggy age. He says thateducation is education, not afashion. But to employ the Whitmanphrase with which he once createda minor storm, in this belief he stillstands solitary, singing in the West.It's 1949 not 1929The more immediate sphere of theUniversity, as opposed to educationin general, certainly gives definite in­dication of what Mr. Hutchinsthinks. The University of 1949 is notthe University of 1929, for thechanges in the world have been toogreat. But the University today is inspirit and purpose unchanged fromwhat President Harper established.I t is still concerned with developingintelligence and extending humanunderstanding through education ofstudents and through research.As head of the University, Mr.Hutchins has not only produced aneducational blueprint, but he hasacted on it, to reorganize the Col­lege. The College embodies every­thing that universal educational ex­perience and analysis had shown tobe essential to a sensible system ofeducation. Mr. Hutchins was theonly educator willing to accept thelogical conclusion of the facts.The College has had a strategic re­lationship to the rest of the Univer­sity's educational structure. Its exist­ence immediately forced a reconsid­eration of graduate education, if onlybecause the Master's degree becamea three-year, instead of a one-yearundertaking. That in turn has hadsome repercussions on the work forthe Ph.D. So far, however, anotherof the working drawings produced by12 Hutchins, one providing for differ­entiation between the Ph.D. trainingfor research and the training forteaching, has not been let for bids.Though the recognition is still ob­scured, the fact cannot be denied thathis ideas on undergraduate educationhave had broad influence. The Col­lege was no sooner established thansome important institutions beganlooking into this matter of a liberalor general education, and began ar­riving at conclusions that weresingularly parallel to those of theCollege, though self-consciously des­cribed as of original design. Many ofthese discoveries still remain com­pletely in the report stage, and muchof the current shouting for liberaleducation is lip service, but the trendis coming. Here is one area in whichthe educational historian undoubtedlywill recognize Mr. Hutchins' con­tribution.Serious questionsApart from the strictly educa­tional policies which had to be de­termined for the University, therewere even more serious questions.Without a clear formulation of therole and purpose of the University,it easily could have disintegrated inthe stress of the last twenty years.Here again, in addition to a philoso­phy, a high order of practical skillwas necessary. So the $12,000,000decision to establish the Nuclear In­stitutes involved the relevance of that.work to the University's researchand a realistic appraisal of the abil,ity to get money for it.Mention of money for the Insti­tutes brings up the fact that whenhe had nothing else to do, Mr.Hutchins has had to raise money intremendous amounts. He also has hadto concern himself with such activi­ties as defeating outside attempts todestroy academic freedom, and to in­sist on the necessity of achievingdemocratic educational control of theUniversity by the administration andfaculty. The twenty years have re­quired ideas, energy, and courage.News of the QuadranglesECHOES OF THE RUSSIAN BOMBIt provokes sober comment by UreYI Hogness and Szilard .... while Kuiperspeculates about the solar systemTHE Russian atomic explosion,reverberating around the worldafter the White House announce­ment, brought newsmen, photogra­phers, radio commentators andnewsreel men to the quadrangles.The University's atomic scientists,reiterated their stand of 1945 whenthe bomb fell on Nagasaki andHiroshima.Namely, that the only defenseagainst an atomic bomb lies in thepolitical field.Harold C. Urey, Nobel-prize win­ner and distinguished professor ofchemistry in the Institute of NuclearStudies, said: "There is one thingwhich is much worse than one nationhaving the atomic bomb, and that istwo nations having it."The best defense is in a federalunion of the western democracies.I would urge the most rapid adop­tion of Senate and House resolutionscalling for the exploration of thispossibility."The Institute director, Samuel K.Allison, who was present at Alama­gordo, for the United States firstbomb test, said: "The possession, bythe Russians, of the atomic bomb,will be the beginning of a new erain international relations. Let us hopethat the Russians may now feel moreconfident of their strength and morewilling to make adjustments in help­ing the United Nations solve inter­national problems."This is an optismistic view, butthe pessimistic possibilities are all tooobvious."Thorfin R. Rogness, director ofthe InstitU'te' for Radiobiology andBiophysics, declared: "This newdevelopment may make possible abasis of agreement on the where­abouts of an international atomicstockpile. It is time that we makea renewed effort for the internationalcontrol of the weapon that coulddestroy our civilization." By'JEANETTE LOWREYLeo Szilard, professor of Biophysicswho was instrumental in interestingRoosevelt in the atomic field, heldthat atomic disarmament holds the,only hope for international agreement."In the last two years," he added,"we sought safety for ourselves andfor our friends by putting trust inthe atomic bomb. In what are wegoing to put our trust now?"Help for disturbed childrenThe 18-year-old University ofChicago orthogenic school for emo­tionally disturbed children has beennamed the Sonia Shankman Ortho­genic School of the University ofChicago.Three hundred of the 1,000 mem­bers of the philanthropic group, whichfive years ago "adopted" the school,witnessed the unveiling of the plaquein honor of the Chicago woman whodevoted most of her life to quietlyhelping children.Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins,speaking at the dedication dinner,commended the Sonia ShankmanFoundation for the $60,000 supportit has given the school in its firstfive years. Harold S. Lansing, J. D.,'28, and president, presented another$20,000 check and a continuingpledge that all the funds of theFoundation will be contributed tothe support of the school.Phillip Pekow, Chicago hotelowned, officiated at the plaque un­veiling.The foundation, devoted to theearly treatment and cure of "prob­lem" children, was organized underPekow's leadership. He had learnedthat a bright but emotionally dis­turbed child could not be enrolledbecause of his parent's inability topay the tuition fees.Pekow guaranteed the tuition ofthe child and set about finding away to help more children whoneeded the highly specialized assist-13 ance the school offered. The Sol S.Leafs and others rallied to his cause,and organized the foundation thatbears the name of Mrs. Ben Shank­man-Sonia Shankman.Blueprints for the future SoniaShankman School call for a million­dollar center at the corner of 58thstreet and Dorchester avenue. Morethan 50 resident students and 15day students will be enrolled in thenew center. Construction is plannedfor the near future.The present school, directed byBruno Bettelheim, nationally-knownpsychologist, is located at 1365 East60th street, and has 35 resident pupilsand 10 day students between the agesof four and fourteen.New chief for Oriental InstituteCarl H. Kraeling of Yale U ni­versity has been appointed directorof the Oriental Institute of theUniversity.An authority on Oriental aridHellenistic civilization, Kraeling isBuckingham professor of New Testa­ment Criticism and Interpretationat Yale. He is also director of theInstitute for Near Eastern Studiesand chairman of Yale's departmentof Near Eastern languages and litera­ture.He succeeds Thorkild Jacobsen, forwhom a successor has been soughtsince 1948, when he assumed admin­istrative duties as dean of thehumanities.Kraeling's best known work isrelated to the 1919 field expeditionof the University's famous Orientalscholar, the late James HenryBreasted, to Dura Europos, a Syriancity of 300 B. C.Kraeling, in 1928, concentratedon the excavation of a Jewish syn­agogue at Dura Europos. His inter­pretation of the frescoes as a pictorialrecording of the oral tradition whichlater was written into the Talmudic14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEliterature is an important contribu­tion to the study of Oriental culture.He holds a bachelor's degree fromColumbia University, a bachelor ofdivinity from Lutheran TheologicalSeminary, and a doctor of theologydegree magna cum laude from theUniversity of Heidelberg.Origin of the earthA new theory that the earth andplanets evolved from a sphere ofgas and dust rotating around thesun, over an interval of a thousandyears, three billion years ago, has beenadvanced by University astronomerGerard P. Kuiper.Kuiper, internationally-recognizedauthority on the solar system, pre­sented his hypothesis under the Col­lege's auspices before 500 scientists,students and visiting professors.Linking the hydro - dynamicalknowledge of vortex motion withastronomical data, Kuiper showedthat gas and dust, forming a nebulaaround the sun, would have con­tracted into a thin pancake.When the density of the pancakereached a critical value, it "wouldhave broken into a number of whirl­ing eddies-s-proto- planets .: The proto­planets would have continued toshrink, and finally to condense intoplanets and their satellites.Professor Kuiper's theory is one ofa half-dozen presented since 1755when Immanual Kant speculatedthat the planets and sun were formedfrom a single large rotating gaseouscloud.It is the second to be advancedfrom the University of Chicago.The geologist, T. C. Chamberlin,and F. R. Moulton, astronomer,introduced their concept about theorigin of the earth in 1895. Theearth, they said, was built by accre­tion of cold, solid material and an­other star was involved in formingthe solar system.This concept is essentially retainedin the new theory, but it is notassumed now that the gas cloud waspulled out of the sun by a passingstar.The new theory explains the massesof the planets, and their approximatecomposition, and accounts for plan­etary rotation and satellite formation.The masses of the proto-planets areexplained by the size, shape anddensity of the original pancake-nebula rotation around tthe sun. The earthused 1/120 of its proto-planet; Jupi­ter and Saturn used about ij3, andUranus and Neptune, around 1/20.Growth of the planets took placein a few thousand years, and thegrowth of the satellites in about acentury.Planets close to the sun, such asMercury, Venus, and Earth, areformed by dense materials (silicates­metals) which could condense atfairly high temperatures.The planets far from the sun,Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune,are formed of light materials-gases,water or ice, and hydro-carbons and asmall percentage of heavy materials.Kuiper explains the rotation ofthe planets by solar tides working onthe proto-planets.Ordinary or regular satellites wereformed, according to the Kuipertheory, during the same period ofcontraction of the proto-planets.During that stage, the planets alllooked like Saturn, except that therings around them were much wider.Earth's moon is an exception. Itis not, according to the Kuiper theory,a normal satellite, but was probablyformed as a double planet with theearth as a partner.Kuiper, discoverer of two moons inan equal number of years, announcedthe discovery of a second statelliteto Neptune May 1, 1949, and ofMiranda, fifth moon to the planetUranus, in March, 1948. In February,1948, he showed the presence ofboth carbon dioxide and small quan­tities of water and green areas onMars was consistent with the presenceof mosses and lichen.Basic. AmericanFive years of experimentation inthe teaching of American history bythe College have produced a 1700-page book which requires the stu­dent to make his own interpretationof the country's development.Taking its title from a basic tenetof democracy, the two volume Presspublication, The People Shall Judge,assembles more than 250 documentsthat comprise the "great argu­ments" of American democracy.Both in its purpose and in its useof original material, the "Americanhistory" exemplifies the philosophy ofthe College, which in 1930 began to develop a program entirely concernedwith liberal education.The original materials in the vol­umes range from the MayflowerCompact to the North Atlantic Pact.They present the views of politicalopponents from Hamilton and Jeffer­son, through Lincoln and Douglas,to President Truman and SenatorTaft.They emphasize the recurring is­sues of liberty, equality, and security-in the American scene, and illustratethe relationships between citizen andgovernment, government and theeconomy, the states and the federalunion, and the United States and theworld.In introducing the book, F.Champion Ward, dean of the Col­lege, declares that liberal educationmust help the people to judge well."Since the wise citizen is more thanthe informed citizen, he needs tolearn more than a summary of thefacts of American history. Accord­ingly, not textbooks, but primary ma­terials have been placed at the centerof the social sciences course andtext.""Both The People Shall Judge andthe College course aim to enable thestudent to acquire basic historicalknowledge about American ideas andinstitutions, to develop competencein the analysis of social issues, to havethe student acquire a sense of re­sponsibility about public issues andto examine his own standards in anatmosphere of free inquiry and dis­cussion.".Off to Frankfort!The University's fourth team tothe University of Frankfort was offfor Germany for the fall quarter, andthree German professors have ar­rived on the Quadrangles.Carl F. von Weizsacker, Germanscientist who first proposed a de­tailed system of nuclear reactions toaccount for source of energy in thesun and stars, is serving as AlexanderWhite visiting professor.The University of Frankfort'sHeinz Sauermann, dean of the fac­ulty of economics, and Helmu tCoing, professor of law, will alsoteach at the Midway university dur­ing the autumn and winter quarters.Chicago faculty members atFrankfort are: Ludwig Bachhofer,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15professor of art; Walter Blair, pro­fessor of English; Miss Helena M.Gamer, chairman of Germaniclanguages and literature department;George K. K. Link, professor ofplant pathology; and Robert E.Buchanan, visiting professor and re­search professor at Iowa State Col­lege.Graduate fellows sent were OttoLerbinger from the economics de­partment and John A. Armstrong,Jr., from international relations.In memoriamPaul Vincent Harper, 60, Chicagoattorney and son of the University'sfirst president, died at Albert Mer­ri tt Billings Hospital September 16of acute coronary thrombosis.A partner of the law firm of Sid­ley, Austin, Burgess and Harper, Mr.Harper was appointed a member ofthe board of trustees during the U ni­versity's fiftieth anniversary.Cited by the Alumni Associationas a distinguished CItizen, Mr.Harper also served as a trustee ofthe Baptist Theological Union. Hereceived his bachelor's degree in 1908and his doctor of jurisprudence in1913.Mr. Harper was named for BishopVincent, co-founder of ChatauquaInstitution and father of the late Dr.George Vincent, one-time facultymember. He was married to Dr.Vincent's daughter, Isabel, in 1914.He is survived by Mrs. Harper,two children, Mrs. George Overton,and Dr. Paul V. Harper, Universityinstructor in surgery, and sevengrandchildren.ChitchatPeople are talking about ... Chan­cellor Robert M. Hutchins' namesakein the 1949 student body.Robert Maynard Barker, 18, whowas named for the Midway universityChancellor, is a third-year studentin the College. Alumnus father LloydH. Barker, Laporte, Indiana, wasgraduated in 1930, the year Mr.Hutchins was inaugurated fifth presi­dent.Sixty-two other alumni children,including third-generation JacquelineKerr, are among the 810 new studentsin the College. Jackie is the daughter( Continued on next page) The BoaHng Beye�FIVE WEEKS IN A ROWBOATBy Erwin F. Beyer, 139Six year; ago, the author and his brothertried circling Lake Michigan in a canoe.Bad weather washed out their plans, andthe past July 12th, he and family triedagain, this time in a brand new $270 row­boat. Oldtimers say it was one o] thestormiest summers in Lake history, andall three Beyers agree that though theodyssey was packed with adventure, beauty,and �anger, they'd never, never repeat it.Wrzter Beyer, a political science major,now teaches gymnastics and directs Uni­versity Acrotheatre=a new kind ot enter­tainment compounded of dramatics, danc­ing, acrobatics. As tor next summer-theBeyers will be off on a Canadian canoetrip, up some less temperamental lakes andrioers.THE rowboat certainly lookedlarge enough in the store. Mywife and nine-year old son, Buddy,marveled at the width of her beam, afull 52 inches. Her 14-foot lengthlooked long enough too. Later, how­ever, as we saw eight-foot-high wavessmash over her bow, and noted howlow she rode in Lake Michigan, whenpacked with a camp stove, three in­flatable mattresses, three sleepingbags, a waterproof tent, a few staple food provlSlons, and us three-well,her size shrank alarmingly.Here's the log for our first day:"We're camped on a beautiful sandbeach: all about our tent are talltrees and heavy shrubbery. The wil­lows are particularly beautiful. We'veseen squirrels, rabbits, wild duck,doves and geese. Just to the westis a triple arch rustic stone bridge.It's amazing to find Jackson Park sobeautiful."That's right, we started out fromthe Jackson Park harbor at earlydawn, and promptly began to shipwater at the rate of a quart a wave.We tried half a dozen times, unsuc­cessfully, to clear the bay, and finallydecided to postpone departure untilnext morning.Second day: the Lake was sorough we were only able to maneuverfrom 59th to 63rd street lagoons.Total travel in two days-four blocks.And we'd planned to reach Manistee,Michigan, 270 miles distant, in a16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEweek! Actually, it took two weeks toreach Grand Haven, 180 miles away,and there we waited 10 days justto clear the harbor. We decided thenand there to head back for Chicago.In five weeks of travel, we enjoyedonly one calm day. Few were the twi­lights when we could peacefully beachour craft and unload. By landingtime, the breakers were usually huge,and it was necessary to anchor indeep water and unload the boat likenative porters, carrying duffles ashoreon our heads, to keep equipmentfrom getting wet. (Bathing suits,needless to say, were standard attire) .Only when the boat was empty didwe dare bring it through heavy surf.Squalls end stormsWhen you look at a map of LakeMichigan, it's not apparent that theshore is really a series of great,beautiful, curving bays. To followeach curve close to shore, wouldhave made a safer, but much longer,trip. While making the shortcuts, wewere no less than four or five miles offshore, (45 minutes in traveling time),and sudden squalls and storms blowup on Lake -Michigan more quicklythan that. You learn to watch thehorizon constantly-for black clouds.The one time we didn't, it was almostdisaster.We were using our sail, and five­and-a-half horsepower motor, whenup from the northeast came a large,dark cloud. There was a settlementof summer cottages along shore andwe didn't want to land, preferringa more wild and secluded campingspot. So on we. went, until suddenlythe cloud seemed to gain momentum,and the wind blew hot and cold instrange little puffs. We dropped sailand raced for land; the squall struck,when we were but a block from shore.In that short distance, the lakechanged from gentle swell to pound­ing breakers. Pounded and dousedand knocked over again and again,we nevertheless managed to use thenative porter technique; it wasn'tany help that the lake bottom wascovered with round, big rocks, whichwere slippery and hard.All was not always safe ashore.Once we made the mistake of camp­ing on open beach, and at midnightwoke to hear the wind howling andthe lake apparently lapping at our door. Sure enough, a white foam ofbreakers had overrun the nice drysand and was only 15 feet away. Butwe stayed fast. The squall struck, thetent ballooned inward, depriving usof half our space, and a fine spray ofrain poured through every corner andcrevice.But there were pleasant momentstoo-our side trip up the KalamazooRiver, for example. We camped in asmall bower, made by overhangingtrees, facing a bayou which formeda perfect mirror for gorgeous sunsetsand sunnsmgs. The farmer whoowned the land lavishly dispensedfree apples, sweet corn, tomatoes,squash, and fresh honey. Hewas a veteran, who had servedin the Pacific, young, brownskinned,with a brilliant white smile; and weadmired him all the more extrava­gantly when he led us to a many­acred field of juicy blackberries, andtold us to pick away.The last legOur boat seemed its very smalleston the last day. We waited four daysat Miller, Indiana, to make the lastleg from the Dunes past Chicago'ssteel mills, while the lake kicked upa rumpus. God seems to have drawna line there, saying "On this sideshall be smoke, steel, fire, and filth,and on the other sand, green growingthings, and sunlight." The divisionis dramatically apparent, seen by boat.The morning we headed for Chi­cago, a thick heavy smog envelopedthe steel mill shore, about a miledeep. We were following its outeredge, but after twenty minutes theentire shore began to blot out, as thesmog moved over us. A compasscourse was set straight for the 59thstreet harbor. Every so often we'dshut off our motor and listen-andfrom the greyness to our left camethe forlorn bellowing of a foghorn.The wind shifted, the water be­gan to roughen. We were seven milesout, with nothing in sight. Buddysaid "Daddy, I'm scared," and theanswer was "Son, so's your old man."Mom made it unanimous.We bailed, maneuvered the boatfor each wave, and hoped. Then thesky. cleared, the wind died down andwe found we had held a true coursefor home-the Museum of Scienceand Industries was dead ahead! NEWS OF THE QUAD.RANGLES(Continued from Page 15)of Mr. and Mrs. William D. Kerr,'25, and the granddaughter of W. R.Kerr, '03, and Mrs. Kerr, '02.People are talking about. . . Th�five husband-wife combinations re­ceiving higher degrees in 239th Con­vocation. The Daniel E. KoshlandJrs., and Joseph H. Brittons, and th�Floyd E. Overlys received Ph. D.'s.Merle R. McCall, and Mrs. McCallreceived master's degrees with Mr.and Mrs. Lafayette R. Chism.The Phi Beta Kappa key conferredon Arthur M. Hummel, Jr., son ofA. M. Hummel Sr., '08, who is nowhead of the Division of OrientaliaLibrary of Congress. Young Hummel:interned by the Japanese the dayafter Pearl Harbor, worked withChinese nationalist guerillas behindenemy lines after escaping from theJapanese in 1944.People are talking about . . . Thehonorary M. D. degree the Uni-·versity of Frankfort conferred uponPaul Weiss, professor of zoology. TheD. Sc. Dr. Arthur C. Bachmeyerdirector of University Clinics, receivedfrom the University of Nebraska ...People are talking about ... TheLife magazine 12-page spread onsociologist W. Lloyd Warner's bookSocial Class in America . . . ThePress' new book, The Case of Generalr amashita, in which author FrankReel presents a stinging indictmentof American justice. Reel chargestrial was a "judicial lynching .stark retribution masquerading incloak of false legalism."People are talking about ... Wil­liam C. Reavis' appointment to aseven-man commission advising thegovernor on administrative policy forIllinois public education . . . Dr.Lowell T. Coggeshall, dean of bio­logical sciences, who was appointedto the Armed Forces EpidemiologicalBoard.People are talking about . . . The$485,000 grant for cardiac facilitiesand $240,000 for Nathan GoldblattMemorial Hospital from the UnitedState Public Health Service. The$8,000 proceeds for cancer researchfrom a softball game in which theChicago City Council defeated sixty­sixth General Assembly 23 to 7.REFLECTIONS AFTER FIVETHINGS have been more than"Maroon" on the Quadranglesthis fall-they have been rosy indeed.The September Orientation Programfor new students was the best I haveever seen; enrollment figures were en­couraging; classes began on schedule;and no crises have arisen to dampenthe real enthusiasm that is here.It is always exciting for thenewcomers to see and hear ChancellorHutchins, but his choice of the open­ing program for a major address thisyear extended the excitement beyondRockefeller Chapel into the dormi­tories at Burton-Judson, where thestaff was amazed to find informaldiscussion groups mushrooming in thelounges to consider the main educa­tional issues which the Chancellorraised in his speech.Ida Noyes was a spectacle whichshould have been seen by any per­son who questions the scope and in­tensity of student activities. BudBeyer and his Acrotheatre were dem­onstrating their prowess in the base­ment; the library and lounge werecrowded with the religious groups,and the gymnasium, in which politi­cal organizations showed their wares,made one think this was a majorelection year. The second floorhummed with the demonstrations ofother student organizations, and the ROBERT M. STROZIERDean of Studentsthird floor concentrated on Theatre.More than 750 students crowdedinto the Buffet Supper in HutchinsonCommons and the entertainment inMandel Hall Sunday evening, spon­sored by the religious groups on cam­pus. At the end of the program DeanJohn Thompson announced that openhouses would be held at ChapelHouse, the Hillel Clubhouse, and atthe Calvert Club. I found overflow­ing crowds at all three places.One story which demonstrates thevariety of attractions the Universityholds for the entering student comesNew Students See a FashionShow ... They Picnic in Hutchin­son Court ... And Sign Up forActivities in Ida Noyes Hall ... from Clifton Utley, '26, whose sonDavid entered the College this au­tumn. Clifton thought it might be agood idea for David to go away toschool in order to encounter the ex':'periences the student has who livesaway from home; but David took adim view of the suggestion, sayinghe would like to attend the Univer­sity because of its lively Junior Varsityathletics!My most interesting visitor oneweek was Dr. de Brux from Paris,who was making his first visit to ourcampus. He was particularly anxiousto meet. Dr. Gomori, Associate Profes­sor of Medicine here, who has beenat the University for several years,although he originally came fromHungary. We lunched together atthe Quadrangle Club, but the mostdelectable fare on the menu was lis­tening to Gomori tell de Brux withpride about the University of Chicagoand all that it stands for in Americaneducation. I consider myself an en­thusiastic salesman, but Gomori leftme with little to say.One of the big recent news stories-the devaluation of foreign curren­cies - is having its effect alreadyon our foreign students.. Our most difficult and delicate"international problem" has been theplight of our many Chinese students.17is THE U N I V E.R SIT Y 0 F CHI C AGO MAG A Z I N EWernet the emergency by deferringtheir fees for the moment with thehope that Congress would releasesome four million dollars in ECAfunds for their use in the near future.Through no fault of. their own, thefunds of these students in Chinesebanks have either disappeared or be­come inaccessible. Chinese studentsare the most reluctant of all to askfavors and do not like to be de­pendent upon the generosity of theirfriends. This is a tight situation, onewhich I hope Congress handles soon.Thanks to the enlightened policyof the new Western German govern­ment and our Occupation officials,some very attractive German stu­dents have appeared for the openingof the new academic year. The im­portance of this exchange is matchedby the generosity of some of our fac­ulty people. Last year Professor MaxRheinstein (Law) took a German boyinto his home and gave him all hisexpenses so that he could spend afull year here. He is repeating thisgenerous arrangement this year.Young Naegle, who is living in Max'shome, is serving as switchboard opera­tor in the Quad Club in order tohandle some of his expenses. Yester­day Fraulein Rohr came in to see me,speaking better English than I! Sheis an assistant at Heidelberg, and alsohandles their press relations; a verycharming young woman who will beobserving the work of the Depart­ment of Sociology.Czechs aidedWe are also cooperating with theMasaryk Institute to aid some dis­placed persons from Czechoslovakiawho wish to study in this country.We agreed to pay the tuition of fiveCzechs, and to help them get jobsso that they could be self-supporting.They have begun to arrive, and toadjust to the atmosphere of our Uni­versity. The first Czech who cameover after the war was Miss VeraOravcova, who is now finishing herPh.D. in the Department of History.She is an unusually bright youngwoman, who taught school in Czecho­slovakia before the war, lived under­ground during the Occupation, andcame here through the generosity ofInternational House. Faculty homecomingHomecoming on October 7 .was adeparture for the University, for thisyear the members of the Central Ad­ministration and their wives, as wellas officers of the Board of Trusteesand their wives, received all thefaculty and a great many employeesof the University. Ida Noyes was thescene of the party, the receiving line,the dancing and refreshments, andthe tables for bridge and canasta.My own office worked franticallythroughout the orientation and regis­tration period. John Davey somehowmanaged to get through the entireperiod without a cold, which is con­sidered a major achievement in ourbailiwick. John Bergstresser went toa meeting or program for ten consecu­tive nights, and Ida, his wife, con­sidered calling his office to make anappointment with him for an eve­ning with the family! The veteranpopulation has held up surprisinglywell, and the competition for pre-fabhousing is as keen as ever. Every vet­eran seems to be married and has oneor two children. The number of ap­plications for houses and apartmentsleads me to believe there are nobachelors or maidens left amongthem, although I suspect the recordswould reveal otherwise.Margaret Fox, who comes fromOak Park, Ill. and has been in chargeof the Employment Office, has joinedmy staff as Assistant Director of theResidence Halls, and is already doinga grand job of liaison work with Mr.Wilkinson in the whole program ofmen's and women's housing. AlthoughFoster, Kelly, Beecher, and Greenhave held up well after their manyyears of service, I hope the time isnot too far off when our women willbe housed in new dor�itories com­parable to those for men at Burton­Judson.One of the most pleasing eventssince I last wrote was the action ofthe Board of Trustees in setting upa Committee on Student Interests towork closely with the staff of the Of­fice of the Dean of Students in under­standing student problems and needs.Mr. Albert W. Sherer will be thechairman of the Committee, with Mr.Howard Goodman as vice chairman,and Messrs. Axelson, McConnell, Quantrell, and Tenney as members.The Committee assembled for thefirst time on October 13 to organizeits agenda for the year. I would liketo see these distinguished gentlemenon hand regularly for athletic andsocial events, theatrical productions)and general campus affairs in action.I think they will be both amazed andsurprised by what they see.Two new students in our College­one formerly from NYU and onefrom Radcliffe-dropped by to tellme how pleased they were to find thatthey are associate members of theresidence halls, although neither ofthem will actually be living in thedormitories. Every College studentis now assigned to a hall as an asso­ciate, even if he does not live in oneof the units. As such, he is invited toall the social activities of the houseto which he is assigned. He can par­ticipate in its intramural sports pro­gram and in ,the cultural program ofhis unit. This gives the day studentthe opportunity to focus his extra­curricular activities on campus. Al­though only one third of our enroll­ment comes from Chicago, and thisfigure is diminishing annually, thisfeature of the dormitory system doesdo much to make students from theChicago metropolitan area an integralpart of the whole University program.Incidentally, this shift in our studentpopulation indicates that the Coll�geis becoming more and more a nationalinstitution, which is very gratifyingto all of us.University of Chicago students willbe bounding all over Europe thisyear. Otto Lerbinger, of the Depart­ment of Economics, and John Arm­strong, on the Committee of Interna­tional Relations, have already goneabroad with the faculty team to theUniversity of Frankfurt. Both ofthese students speak German welland needed to do . graduate work inGermany. A special scholarship wasgranted Jack Roth to study in France;he is doing a dissertation on "TheSorelian Conception of Revolution."The 300 foreign students on ourcampus, and the increasing numberof our students who study abroad, aresignificant signs, I believe, of ourtumultuous and interesting times.thecornerstoneTOM BARRETT sat down, half-aware ofthe applause from the crowd beyondthe speakers' pl a tfor m. He had, hethought, done a good job of introducingMayor Phillips-who was to make themain speech at the laying of the corner­stone for the new public library.Tom glanced toward the mayor, nowstanding in his characteristic "publicspeaking" pose, and chuckled inwardly.He had heard Mayor Phillips orate be-fore: "Citizens of Millvale this greatand auspicious occasion dedicatewith pride ... beautiful new library ...deeply honored." Quite a character, themayor, but a good man for the office.Conscientious. Genuinely interested inmaking Millvale a better place in whichto live.Today Mayor Phillips began: "Myfriends, I came here prepared to give thespeech I generally give on such occasions-or one very much like it. But whileTom Barrett was talking a few minutesago I got to thinking about something­and I'll tell you about that instead."The crowd quieted down."I got to thinking," the mayor wenton, "that we all came out here today todedicate a cornerstone-which, whenyou look at it in one way, is only a blockof stone."Sure, the cornerstone of the newli brary means grea t progress for Mill vale.But it seems to me that we have othercornerstones in Millvale that deserveour recognition and tribute even more.''I'm referring to the people who formthe foundation on which our town isreally built-the- people who often gothrough their whole lives doing good forothers and yet never receive as muchpublic recognition as that piece of stoneover there."I got to thinking that Tom Barrett isone of those 'hidden cornerstones.' Foreven though most of us know him-as amember of the school board and the manwho headed up the fund-raising drivefor this new library-very few peoplefully realize how much he has done forthe town as a whole over the years."Tom has helped hundreds of men­like myself-plan secure futures for theirwives and families. By getting folks intown to take out life insurance, manywidows are able to get along today with-·out suffering hardship ... many childrenare going to school who otherwise might not have gone ... man y older folks haveease instead of drudgery in their lateryears."And so, before we get on with thenew library, I'd like to suggest that wetake time ou t, right here and now, to pa ypublic tribute to that 'cornerstone' ofour community sitting at my left ... "Tom Barrett, the New York LifeAgent in Millvale, was half-aware of theapplause that welled up from the crowdbeyond the speakers' platform. Heblinked his eyes a little faster than it isusual for a man to blink his eyes, even insuch bright sunlight. FEW QCCUP ATIONS offer a man so much inthe way of personal reward as life under­writing. Many New York Life agents arebuilding very substantial futures for them­selves by helping others 'plan ahead fortheirs. If you would Iike to know moreabout a life insurance career, talk it overwith the N ew York Life manager in yourcommunity-or write to the Home Officeat the address above. .NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY51 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.Naturally .n ames used in this story are fictitious.CALENDARTuesday, November IPUBLIC LECTURES-Robert E. Merriam, alderman, fifth ward, "The Chicagcand Cook County Health Survey: What Chicago is Doing," UniversityCollege series, Current Problems in Community Health, 7:30 P.M., Wood­row Wilson room, 13th floor, 116 South Michigan Avenue. $0.75.Jay Finley Christ, associate professor of business law, University of Chi­cago, member, Ba ker Street I rregula rs, Hounds of the Baskervi lie, "TheLion's Mane; Holmes's Laughter; Apocrypha," Sherlock Holmes of BakerStreet series, 6:15 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Fre n s es E. Henne, assistant professor of library science and associatedean, graduate library, University of Chicago, "What About ThoseComics?" Children and Books series, 7 P.M., 2nd floor, Joel Hunterbuilding, 123 West Madison Street. $0.75.George R. Gordh, assistant professor of historical theology, FederatedTheological Faculty, University of Chicago, "Religion as Mystical Experi­ence," Approaches to the Essence of Religion series, 4:30 P.M., Breastedlecture hall, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.Wednesday, November 2PUBLIC LECTURES-Joseph H. liunzel, lecturer in University College, "TheSocial Role of the Auditorium," The Theater and Society series, 6:30P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75. 'Oscar Broneer, visiting professor of classical archeology, University ofChicago, "City of Marble-Perikleian Age, 460-424 B.C .• " Humanities Divi­sion public course "Athens: The Biography of a City," 8 P.M., room 122,Social Science building, 1126 EOIst 59th Street. $0.82.Thursday, November 3PUBLIC LECTURE-":W. Barnett Blakemore Jr., associate professor of practicaltheology, Federated Theological Faculty, dean, Disciples Divinity House,"Religion and Psychic Needs," Approaches to the Essence of Religionseries, 4:30 P.M.! Breasted' lecture hall, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.Friday, Novembe'r 4UNIVERSITY CONCERT-Loewenguth Quartet, music of Hayden, Honegger,and Schubert, 8:30 P.M., Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Avenue. $1.50.PUBLIC LECTURE-Herold Hunt, general superintendent, Chicago publicschools, "Public Education in Chicago," Know Your Chicago series spon­sored by the Woman's College Board in cooperation with University Col­lege, II A.M., Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. $1.20.Sunday, November 6UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn Avenue), II :00 A.M., The Rev. John B. Thompson, Dean ofthe Chapel.Monday, November 7FOREIGN AND DOCUMENTARY FILM SERIES-International House Audi­torium, 1414 East 59th Street, 8:00 P.M., "To Live in Peace" (Italian).Admission $0.55.PUBLIC LECTURE-Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the division ofadult education, Indiana University, "The' Challenge of the Machine:Automobiles and the Ten Commandments," University College series,Religion Faces Urgent Challenges, 7 P.M., suite 631 Civic Opera Build-ing, 20 North Wacker Drive. $0.75. 'Tuesday, November 8PUBLIC LECTURES-Jay Finley Christ, associate .professor of business law,University of Chicago, member, Ba ker Street I rreg ula rs, Hounds of theBaskerville, "The Holmes Springs of Action," Sherlock Holmes of BakerStreet series, 6:15 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Frances E,. Henne, assistant professor of library science and associate deanGradwate Library School, University of Chicago, "Recordings for Children,':Children and Books series, 7 P.M., 2nd floor, Joel Hunter building, 123West Madison Street. $0.75.Joachim Wach, professor of history of religions, Federated Theological Fac­ulty, University of Chicago, "Universals in Religion," Approaches to theEssence of Religion series, 4:30 P.M., Breasted lecture hall, 1155 East 58thStreet. Free.Wednesday, November 9PUBLIC LECTURES-Joseph H. Bunzel, lecturer in University College, "His­torical Development: The Ancient Theater," The Theater and Society series,6:30 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Oscar Broneer, visiting professor of classical archeology University ofChicsqo, "In the Face of Disaster-Last Quarter of the Fifth Century B. C.,"Humanities Division public: course ."�thens. The Biography of a City," 8P.M., room 122, Social SCience building, 1126 East 59th Street. $0.82.Thursday, November 10PUBLIC LECTURE-Dr. Ralph W. Gerard, professor of physiology Uni-versity of Chicago, "Religion and Science," Approaches to the Esse'nce ofReligion series, 4:30 P.M., Breasted lecture hall, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.Friday, November IIPUBLIC LECTURES-Louis Wirth, president, American Council on Race Rela­tions, "Race and Cultural Tensions in Chicago," Know Your Chicago seriessponsored by The Woman's College Board in cooperation with UniversityCollege, II A.M., Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. $1.20.Mortimer J. Adler, professor of philosophy of law, University of Chicagoauthor, "How to Read a Book," Sense and Intellect: The Problem of th�Universal, The Great Ideas series, 7:30 P.M., 32 West Randolph Street.$1.50.Sunday, November 13UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockef.eller Memorial Chapel (59th andWoodlawn Avenue). II :00 A.M. Reverend Bernard M. Loomer, associateprofessor of philosophy and religion and Dean of Divinity School.Monday, November 14FOREIGN AN D DOCUMENTARY FI LM SERI ES-I nternational House Audi­torium, 1414 East 59th Street, 8:00 P.M., "Ivan the Terrible" (Russian).Admission $0.46.PUBLIC LECTURES-Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the division ofadult education, Indiana University, "The Challenge of Socialism: Salva­tion for the Living or the Dead," University College series-ReligionFaces Urgent Challenges, 7 P.M., suite 631, Civic Opera building, 20North Wacker Drive. $0.75. Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, co-president, World Council of Churches,Bishop of ' the Methodist Church of the New York area, first in a seriesof lectures titled "That They All May Be One," sponsored by the HooverLectureship on Christian Unity of the Disciples Divinity House, Universityof Chicago, 8 P.M., Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Avenue. Free.Tuesday, November 15PUBLIC LECTURES-Dr. Frederick Siobe, chairman, committee on indus­trial health, Chicago Medical Society, "The Industrial Health Programin Illinois," University College. series, Current Problems in Co�munityHealth, 7:30 P.M., Woodrow Wilson room, 13th floor, 116 South MichiganAvenue. $0.75.Amos N. Wilder, professor of New Testament interpretation, Federated'Theological Faculty, "Religion and Poetry," Approaches to the Essenceof Religion series, 4:30 P.M., Breasted Lecture Hall, 1155 East 58th Street.Free.Frances E. Henne, assistant professor of library science and associate<ilean, Graduate Library School, "Building the Home Library," Childrenand Books series, 7 P.M., 2nd floor, Joel Hunter building, 123 WestMadison Street. $0.75.Bishop Bromley Oxnam, co-president, World Council of Churches, Bishopof the Methodist Church of the New York area, second in a series ofledures, "That They May All Be One," sponsored by the Hoover Lec·tureship on Christian Unity. Disciples Divinity House, 8 P.M., Leon Men-del Hall. Free.Wednesday, November 16PUBLIC LECTURES-Joseph H. Bunzel, lecturer in University College, "His­torical Development: Theater and Church," The Theater and Society series,6:30 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Oscar Broneer, visiting professor of classical archeology, University ofChicago, "In the Wake of Disaster-Fourth Century B.C.," HumanitiesDivision public course, "Athens: The Biography of a City," 8 P.M., room122, Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street. $0.82.Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, co-president, World Council of ChurchesBishop of the Methodist Church of the New York area, third in a serie�of lectures titled "That They May All Be One," sponsored by the HooverLectureship on Christian Unity of the Disciples Divinity House, 8 P.M.Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Avenue. Free. 'Thursday, November 17PUBLIC LECTURE-·Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, co-president, World Councilof Churches, Bishop of the Methodist Church of the New York area, lastin a series of ledures titled, "That They All May Be One," sponsored bythe Hoover Lectureship on Christian Unity ef the Disciples Divinity HouseUniversity of Chicago, 8 P.M., Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Ave�nue. Free.Friday, November 18PUBLIC LECTURE-Walter Roy, director of recreation, Chicago Park Dis­trict, "Chicago's Public Recreation Program," Know Your Chicago seriessponsored by the Woman's College Board in cooperation with UniverSityCollege, II P.M., Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. $1.20.UNIVERSITY CONCERT-Krasner Cnamber-Music Ensemble, music of MozartProkofiev, and Beethoven, 8:30 P.M., Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 UniversityAvenue. $1.50.Sunday, November 20UN IVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn Avenue, II A.M., Reverend Wallace W. Robbins, associatedean of the Chapel.Monday, November 21FOREIGN AN D DOCUMENTARY FILM SERI ES-International House Audi­torium, 1414 East 59th Street, 8 P.M., "Crime and Punishment" (French)and "Ballet of the Paris Opera." Admission $0.46.PUBLIC LECTURE-Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the division of adulteducation, Indiana University, "The Challenge of Nationalism: One'sCountry Is Always on God's Side," University College series, ReligionFaces Urgent Che IIenges, 7 P.M., suite 631, Civic Opera Bui Idi riq, 20North Wacker Drive, $0.75.Wednesday, November 23PUBLIC LECTURE-Joseph H. Bunzel, lecturer in University College "His­torical Development: Court and Village Theaters," The Theater and 'SOCietyseries, 6:30 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Sunday, November 27UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th andWoodlawn Avenue, II A.M., The Reverend John B. Thompson, Dean ofThe Chapel.Monday, November 28FOREIGN AND DOCUMENTARY FILM SERIES-International House Audi­torium, 1414 East 59th Street, 8 P.M., "Die Fledermaus" (German) and"County Fair." Admission $0.46.PUBLIC LECTURE-Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the division ofadult education, Indiana University, "The Challenge of ComparativeReligion: T? Know. Onlv One Religion Is Now Outmoded," UniversityColleqe series, Religion Faces Urgent Challenges 7 P.M. suite 631Civic Opera building, 20 North Wacker Drive. $0.75.' ,Tuesday, November 29PUBLIC LECTURES-Fred Hoehler, director, department of public welfareState of Illinois, "The Mental Hygiene Program in Illinois," UniversityCollege series, Current Problems in Community Health, 7:30 P.M., Wood­row Wilson room, 13th floor, 116 South Michigan Avenue. $0.75.Wednesday, November 30PUBLIC LECTURE-Joseph H. Bunzel, lecturer in University College, "His­torical Development: Bourqeoisie and the Theater," The Theater and So­ciety series, 6:30 P.M., room 809, 19 South La Salle Street. $0.75.Oscar Broneer, visiting professor of classical archeology, "Kings BearGifts-Hellenistic and Roman Athens," Humanities Division public COurse"Athens: The Biography of a City," 8 P.M., room 122, Social ScienceBuilding, 1126 East 59th Street. $0.82.20THE MAIN JOB of one entirelaboratory at General Electricis to keep guesswork out ofG-E products.ITS STAFF specializes in giv­ing help on tough measure­ment problems.TYPICAL SOLUTION wasdevelopment of first "turbi­dimeter,?' advancing work onwater-purification equipment.1000 Specialists tell us "When you can measure ... "Lord Kelvin, writing in 1883, summed up once andfor all the importance of measurement."When you can measure what you are speakingabout," he said, "and express it in numbers, you knowsomething about it, but when you cannot measure it,when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowl­edge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind."The need for detailed and accurate "numbers" is asgreat today as it ever was. Recently, for example, Gen­eral Electric engineers working on water-purificationequipment were hindered by the lack of any accurateway to measure water's turbidity. Another groupneeded data on the vibrations in their equipment.But at General Electric any group up against toughmeasurement problems does not have to be stymied forlong. It can "appeal" its case, can seek the aid of men who make a specialty of measurement and allied prob­lems-the more than 1000 staff members of the G-EGeneral Engineering and Consulting Laboratory. GE& C serves the entire company, and is also frequentlycalled on by other industries and government agencies.It solved the two problems above by developing thefirst "turbidimeter" and a "recording vibrometer"now finding applications throughout industry-twoout of thousands of similar problems handled by thelaboratory each year.The work of GE & C illustrates again how GeneralElectric backs up research and creative thinking, im­plements new projects with the best available facilities,and so remains in the forefront of scientific and engi­neering development.CJoa =r«.»- �� Wt_G ENE R A r. E LEe T RIC2122 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMR. JOHN STOCKSADMINISTRATION BUILDINGTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOCHICAGO 37, ILLINOISD Please place me on your mailing list toreceive CRUISES AND TOURS EVERY­WHERE which, each month, lists everyimaginable cruise abroad.o Send specific information about:Name _Addr._ Dear Chicago Alumnus:As a monthly reader of The Magazine, itsuddenly occurred to me that alumni readers may not beaware that we can offer them the same expert travel servicewe give faculty and students on the quadrangles.We've been on the campus 17 years­first in the Press Building and now in the new Administra­tion Building.After circling the globe six timesand being in and out of latin and South America, theContinent, the Orient and the islands of the seas. scores oftimes, we can draw from actual travel experience in helpingplan your trip.·There is a no-ax-to-grind advantagein representing all air, ship, cruise and tourist companies,so we can concentrate on you and the most interesting andeconomical itinerary for your trip.And it won't cost you one extra cent.Bookings can be completed by mail. We are at present serv­ing alumni as far away as Texas. We would like to help you.�::::::EL BUREAU·THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOCHICAGO 37) ILLINOISNEWS OF THE CLASSES1894Walter B. Nance, now finishing his forty­ninth year of teaching in Soochow Uni­versity, Soochow, China, writes that thebooklet on the College so impressed himthat he wants his grandson and namesake,now finishing his third year at Phillips­Exeter, to go to the University of Chicago.This loyal alumnus reminds us that backin the summer of 1894 he was able tomake up a year's work in Hebrew thanksto the excellent teaching of the twoHarpers. He also enjoyed his courses underGoodspeed, and takes pleasure in remem­bering the occasion in 1922 when he hadthe privilege of entertaining Dr. Burtonin his home at Soochow. When last weheard, he was planning to return to theUnited States during the summer.1900Frank L. Slaker writes that he completed45 years with insurance rating organiza­tions on the Pacific Coast this last August.His address: 914 Merchants ExchangeBuilding, San Francisco.1901F. E. Ashcroft and T. O. Sandbo, bothMD (Rush) are in California, retired fromactive practice by heart conditions.Edger H. Sturtevant, PhD, of New Haven,Connecticut, received the honorary degreeof doctor of letters from the University ofMichigan last June. 1903N. Sproat Heaney, MD '04, now living inBeverly Hills, California, has a gynecologypractice in L. A. He is Emeritus Rush Pro­fessor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at theUniversity of Illinois.John B. Matthews, MD, is still in prac­tice as a surgeon in St. Petersburg, Florida.1904Flora A. Ingalls after teaching for 40years, 26 of them in the HillsboroughHigh School, has retired and is living inTampa, Florida.1905Clara H. Taylor retired February, 1948after 39 years in Englewood High,Chicago, as teacher of English and Latin.She holds one of 17 awards made by theNational Scholastic Press Association topioneers in the teaching of journalistic writ­ing. She writes that the first year of re­tirement was relatively uneventful, butnow she is slowly working into communityaffairs.1907William F. Rothenburger writes that hehas just completed seven generations ofthe Rothenburger genealogy from 1759 to1949.Edward A. Henry, DB, was recentlyawarded two service cards-one for 21 years of service as a member of the Com­mittee of Management of the UniversityBranch of the YMCA of Cincinnati andthe other for 19 years service as a memberof the Board of Directors of the YMCA ofCincinnati and Hamilton County. In addi­tion to these memberships, he has beenrecording secretary of the MetropolitanBoard for 13 years and for the- past twoyears he has been Presiden t of the Boardof Trustees of the City Gospel Missionin Cincinnati.1908Katherine-Scobey (Mrs. Walter Putnam)writes that her husband has retired andthey are enjoying many activities togetherthat his leisure now makes possible.1909Bishop Ivan Lee Holt, PhD, was electedpresident of the Councils of Bishops of theMethodist Church at the annual bishops'conference in Atlantic City April 28.Judge Claude C. McColloch had an arti­cle in the May 1949 issue of the AmericanBar Association Journal on the subject ofthe Hawaiian martial law cases."Edgar Lee White (Rush), MD, of Lewis­ton, Idaho, was recently elected TyeeSachem of the Pacific Indians, a socialtrap shooting organization of the North­west.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1910Mabel Stark, MS '20, was retired in June,1948, after 20 years of teaching in secondaryschools of San Francisco. She had fo�merlytaught in state teachers' colleges m themiddle west and New England. She is nowactive in the Northern California Al.umnaeChapter of Pi Lambda Theta, of WhICh shewas formerly chapter president.1911Delta Pearl Jones Sterenberg, who is liv­ing at 6444 Woodlawn Avenue, writes thatshe is thankful to be living "not manyblocks from the University." The walksthrough the Midway and through t?ecampus grounds bring back many memorresof the days she was working under. Dr.Miller, Dr. Hale, Sophinisba Breckinndge,Dr. Robinson, Dr. McClintock, and Fr�nkFrost Abbott. And the Sunday mornmgclasses taught by President Harper wereexperiences least easy to forget..Ralph H. Kuhns, MD (Rush) '13, IS co­author of "The Psychotic States: Correla­tions of Biochemical and HistologicalChanges in the Brain." He is � r.esearchpsychiatrist for the State of Illinois.1912Blanch M. Hanley (Mrs. Arnold C. Sayer)writes from Jackson Heights, N�w York,to say her son, Murray DIck, wasgraduated this year from Dartmouth andis now attending Columbia Law School.Her daughter is going to the Sch�ol ofHorticulture in Ambler, Penns�lvam�.Maud L. Jensen will be back m Chicagoshortly. The interim has been �rofitablyand interestingly spent. A master s degr�etaken at Columbia iii 1920, a fellowshipat the Brooking Institute, study at theGraduate School of Economics and ??liticsin Washington, then back to Columbia fora doctorate in social science in 1927.Edna L. Sterling is director of the Lan­guage Arts program for the public schoolsof Seattle, Washington. The program rangeis from kindergarten to junior college.Clara Allen (Mrs. Gerald D. Rahill) ofCaldwell, New Jersey, retired from theBoard of Education after 12 years o� serv�ice. She now expects to have more time tospend with her family-her son, Lt. Comdr.Gerald W. Rahill, in Newport; her eldestson, who was graduated from Harvard I:awSchool last June and her daughter Clarissa,who attended the University in 1942, ma:­ried Brenton Brown in 1945, and now IShousewife and mother to two daughtersin Cambridge where Brenton is attendingHarvard Business School.Clara's son John, who attended t?e U�i­versity in 1941 and 1942, was killed mFrance, December 1944. He was companycommander at 20 and was posthumouslyawarded the Silver Star.Frances L. Swain, MA '14, has been hav­ing no problem of boredom in her retire­ment. She is serving as bursar and memberof the advisory board of the .Fu�ure H0I?-e­makers of America, an orgamzation of highschool students in home economics boastinga membership of over two hundred thou­sand. She is also doing liaison work forcollege home economics clubs adoptingschools in foreign countries for the pur­pose of exchange of ideas and materials.LaCrosse, Wisconsin, is the scene of allthis activi ty.Carl Albert Gieseler after 20 years in theactive ministry at St. John's Luthera.nChurch, Denver, has entered the academicworld as professor of religion at ValparaisoUniversity, Indiana. He received his doc- tor of theology degree in Augus.t 19�7 atthe Iliff School of Theology, University ofDenver. He was married June 25 atBethany Lutheran Church in Detroit toClara Wickman.John Horace Graham, MD '12 (Rush)was married February 26, 1949 to EstelleFiskum. The couple is living in GrandForks, North Dakota.1913Edwin M. Miller, MD, has been appointedchairman of the department of surgery atPresbyterian .Hospital in Chicago..After 38 years in Japan the Rolhn D.McCoys, MA, came home on th� first ex­change ship in 1942. Now retired, theylive in Gerlaw, Illinois.Anna E. Moffet (Mrs. Bruce W. Jarvis)and her husband returned last summer fora furlough from the Union Hospital inFukien, China, where she has served asassistant treasurer and her husband hasbeen chief of staff and head of the De­partment of Medicine. .The hospital iscarried on by the Methodist and Congrega­tional Missions. The couple has b�en atthe hospital for three years. Their fur­lough address: 1397 Fairmount Avenue, St.Paul, Minn.1914Edward K. MacDonald's news bit: "Sangin the winning quartette, 'The Arbitra­geurs,' at the Bond Club Outing in June1949. We were hot!"Lydia M. Lee (Mrs. James 'Y. Pearc�)says instead of being a mere sOjourner mthe Northwest, she is becoming a fixture.Her husband is now the final half ofMiller-Pearce Inc., engineers and builderswith offices in Pasco, Washington. A verydesirable "fixture," we'd say. She, has al­ready started a Great Books discussiongroup which is drawing members fromnearby cities as well as Pasco. The clangrows, too, she reports. There are fourgrandchildren and a soon-to-be added post­script to this numeration. Her commentson the last legislative inquisition: "Afterwhat happened at the University of. W�sh­ington, I shudder for a�l ou.r state m�tItu­tions and pray the University of Chicagowill continue to maintain its stand foracademic freedom and put a firm quietuson these self-appointed snoopers w�o ar.ecolor blind-they see red when the light ISgreen."Susan W. Wilbur, MA (Mrs. LlewellnJones) did the translation of N!I'K. Gudzy'sHISTORY OF EARLY RUSSIAN LITERA­TURE published last spring by Macmil­lan and Company. Writing from Cam­bridge, Massachusetts, she says her firstwork in Russian was with Professor SamuelHarper on the Midway.Julliette Fetter, MA, served as presidentof the Lawrence, Kansas, Council of ChurchWomen last year. Her husband has beenelected president of the Ministerial Alli­ance of Lawrence. The couple spends sum­mer vacations at Star Island, Cass Lake,Minnesota.Irma H. Gross, MA '24, PhD '31, had thekind of winter vacation last year to makeus all green with envy: three months inSouth America. "Down the east coast byship to Rio, fiying the rest of the way. byslow stages as far south as Buenos AIres,across to Chile, back up the west coast,meeting old friends and new all along theway." Bolt those doors!1915Dr. Solomon A. Sobul is keeping busywith postgraduate courses in cardiology.Helen L. Drew, M.A., (Mrs. Robert K. 23Richardson) says she is getting .to knowWisconsin rather well through takmg manyshort trips through the s.tate w_ith herhusband. Mr. Richardson IS president ofthe Wisconsin Stale Historical Society.Helen writes that she is editing someletters written from Brook Farm in theearly 1840's by the farmer engaged byRipley. Her added comment: "A .differentpoint of view than that of the transcen­dentalists."1916Stanley D. Wilson, PhD, professor oforganic chemistry �nd dea.n o� th� coll�geof science at Yenching University m Chmafor the past 20 years, retired July Ist andis returning to the United States. He hascompleted 32 years of service in China,first a-t the premedical school of the PeipingUnion Medical College and later with thedepartment of chemistry at Yenching. Hewill live in Claremont, California.Fowler B. McConnell, president of SearsRoebuck & Co. and a Trustee of the Uni­versity, was awarded an honorary Doctorof Laws degree recently by the Universityof Denver.Hannah E. Pease is teaching vocationalhomemaking at Putnam High School inPutnam, Connecticut.Guy T. Buswell, MA, PhD '20, left hisUniversity position at the end of summerto accept a professorship in educationalpsychology at the University of Californiaat Berkeley.Amelia C. Phetzing, MA '20 is just finish­ing her eleventh year as dean of girls andhead librarian at Dalton High School, Dal­ton, Massachusetts.1917Edith N. Abernethy (Mrs. Carl R. Moore)has been elected president of the Univer­sity of Chicago Settlement League for theyear 1949-1950.Our attention has been called to anotherall-alumni family-that of Jacob R. Kantor'14 PhD'17 and Helen R. Kantor, MA '18,whose daughter Helen J. Kantor, PhD '4�,is an instructor of archeology at the UOl­versity. Mr. Kantor is professor of psy­chology at Indiana University.Winifred E. Wilson took her master'sdegree in English last year at North­western University.Arthur J. Kuhn, son of Hedwig StieglitzKuhn MD '19, was recently given theStella' Fels Hoffheimer prize for the hig?estfour-year scholastic average at. the Univer­sity of Cincinnati. Mrs. Kuhn IS the daugh­ter of Julius Stieglitz, former h�ad ?f thechemistry department at the University.Miriam Libby (Mrs. J. M. Evan) hasmoved to New York City where she is withthe United Council of Church Women.She is secretary of the World Mission ofthe Church.1918Bernard B. Bailey, MA, JD '20, is nowprofessor of law a·t Cumberland Univer­sity Law School in Lebanon, Tennessee.Walter F. Kohn is in advertising in NewYork City.1919Clarence D. Blachly, PhD, senior econo­mist of the United States Tariff Commis­sion, has retired after 30 years of. govern­ment service. More poetry and more ex­plorations of the great outdoors are onhis retirement agenda. A reasonable se­quence in view of his recent publicationof verses under the title of SEASONS ANDDAYS, and in the light of his early condi­tioning to the Colorado landscape.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK fOR fREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISBUtterft.ld 8-6711·DAVID L. SUTTON. Pres.Swift t5 Ice CreamSundaes and sodas are special treatsmade with Swift's Ice Cream. So de­licious, so creamy-smooth, so refresh­ingly yours ....A product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 S. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-74003 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince I9201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYMidway ������ • w. call forand dsli'lHlt'3 HOUR SERVICE G. C. Wilson, JD, is "having a great timewrestling with the Great Books DiscussionGroup of which he is co-leader."George B. Pence is completing his twen­ty-eighth year with the James Evans Me­morial Presbyterian Church in Philadel­phia.Grover Cleveland Wilson, JD, held theoffice of State's Referee in Bankruptcyfrom 1934 to 1947 in Kentucky. From hishome in Hazard he writes that his sons'interests are following an individual pat­tern. One is at the Pittsburgh School ofArt and the other at the Yale DivinitySchool. "The law profession still appeals tome," he adds.1920Mary G. Schroeder, MD (Rush) '20, at­tended the last meeting of the AmericanPsychiatric Association at Montreal. Be­fore returning home to Wilmette, Illinois,she visited relatives in New York and NewHampshire.George M. Curtis, MD, received the an­nual award of the American Pharmaceuti­cal Association for outstanding iodine re­search this year. The award with citationwill be presented at the annual meeting ofthe association at Atlantic City next year.Bryant Drake, MA, is secretary of the De­partment of Higher Education for Congre­gational Christian Churches. His office isin Chicago.Hattie Marie Friant is a partner in agift shop in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.W. Lewis Roberts, ]D, is a professor oflaw at the Valparaiso University Law School.Paul A. Quaintance, MD '23, is practicingmedicine in Los Angeles and for a hobbyis doing public relations for his countymedical association.Julia Anne Sullivan of Riverdale, Illi­nois, is president of the Archdiocesan Coun­cil of Catholic Women for the year 1949-1950.Robert E. Connolley is in general lawpractice in New York City and also isspecializing in admiralty and trial counsel.Winnie D. Eubank, (Mrs. Clarence O.Bare) writes that this is her tenth yearin Richmond, where she is substituting inthe school system of that city. Her hus­band is an entomologist in the U. S. De­partment of Ageiculture.1921Thomas R. Fisher is with the State De­partment iIi" Washington.Chester Jacob Attig, PhD, is teachinghistory in North Central College at Naper­ville, Illinois.Joseph Alonzo Berry, MD '24, is a sur­geon at the U. S. Veterans Hospital, Tus­kegee, Alabama.Albert C. DeWitt, JD '34, is now withThe Chicago Title & Trust Company.Zelma F. Owen (Mrs. Avery A. Morton)of Watertown, Massachusetts, has nothingto report except that she's "had the samehusband for 24 years, Mary for 22 years,Betts for almost 21 years, and' the samehouse for 23 years." Mary was graduatedANIMAL CAGESofAdvanced Scientific DesignACME SHEET METAL WORKS1121 East 55th St.Chicago 15, III.Phone: HYde Park 3.9500 from Smith last June and Betts will begradua-ted next year.Merle Emorette Irwin, MA '29, who hasbeen teaching journalism and sponsoringthe weekly newspaper at Fenger HighSchool, has been appointed visiting teacherin the Child Study Division of the Chi­cago Board of Education.1922Myrtle Moore has been selling real es­tate in Palo Alto and Menlo Park, Cali.fornia, since 1938. She's in the grand­mother class now "with a grand nephewand grand niece born this year."In Denver, Colorado, Edward C. Despresis advertising manager of Julius Hyman& Co.Francis T. Colby is with the WelfareAdminis-tration of the City of Chicago.1923William A. Starin, PhD, retired last yearafter teaching bacteriology at Ohio StateUniversity for 38 years. A "William A.Starin Lectureship" fund, with contrihjj ,tions totaling well over $1,000, has beenset up to provide an annual lecture in thefield of bacteriology at Ohio State.Wallace B. Vaughan, Jr., is a salesmanfor the Addressograph Sales Agency inSan Francisco.1924Western Reserve University is really aUniversity of Chicago stronghold. Its presi­dent is John Schoff Millis, MS '27, PhD '31and its vice president, Webster G. Simon:PhD'iS.Hurford H. Davison is director of thenew Department of Retailing at the Uni­versity of Omaha.Rev .•William A. Askew is pastor andchairman of the Board of Directors of theIllinois Christian Home in Jacksonville. Heand his wife vacationed in northern Michi­gan last summer.S. V. Drago, physician, is located at his670-acre ranch just north of the Valley 01the Moon near Santa Rosa, California.Mary Ely Lyman, PhD, has been electedto the faculty of Union Theological Semi­nary as Jessup Professor of English Bible.Crystelle L. Tenorio, a child welfareworker in Turtle Mountain Indian Agency,Belcourt, North Dakota, has news of herchildren to report. Daughter Agnes, 18,has just finished high school at Minot, andson, Alfred '47, 20, has been working forStauffer Chemical Company in Los An­geles and deliberating which division he'llselect for graduate study.Jesse G. Smith, MA, is a psychiatric socialworker at Dixon State Hospital in Dixon,Illinois.1925Mari Bachrach (Mrs. Edwin J. DeCosta)writes: "Our family seems pretty completenow, with three girls and a boy." Shehasn't wandered far from the campus.Only as far as 5609 Woodlawn Avenue, tobe exact.BOYDSTON BROS .• INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4·0492Trained and license·d attendantsTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHal Biard, MA '28, is "selling Sylvaniacellophane for the Sylvania Division ofAmerican Viscose Corporation, living inDallas and bragging about Texas." He hasa daughter who is a sophomore at South­ern Methodist.David D: 'Pol�ack. is a general buildingcontractor In MIamI Beach, Florida. .Conway Pie�se, MS,. PhD, '28, was giventhe Presidential Certificate of Merit forwork with the OSRD last fall. Last Janu­ary he received the degree of Doctor ofScience �rom his alma mater, GeorgetownCollege In Kentucky. He is living in Clare­mont, California.. John M '. Stalnaker, MA '28, has acceptedJomt appointments, effective September 1,1949, as director of medical testing for theEducational Testing Service, director ofstudies for the Committee on Student Per­sonnel Practices of the Association of Amer­ican Medical Colleges, and coordinator ofpsychological sciences and services and pro­fessor of sociology at Illinois Institute ofTechnology. In addition, he will continueas director and secretary-treasurer of thePepsi-Cola Scholarship Board.1926Alice M. Baldwin, PhD, was retired in1947 as professor and dean of the Woman'sCollege, Duke University. Her address nowis Durham, North Carolina. But retire­ment from teaching has not meant reotirement from her field. She has beenpublished both in the William and MaryQuarterly and the South Atlantic Quarterly.In 1948 she was president of the NorthCarolina State Historical and Literary As­sociation. Last June Duke University con­ferred on her an honorary LLD degree.William S. Price writes from Sault Ste.Marie, Michigan, that he has completed 25years in the field of class-room teachingand is also the owner, with "the Mrs.," ofa mighty nice insurance and real estatebusiness.Dean James Hugo Johnston, MA, PhD'37, vice president of Virginia StateCollege, was recently appointed acting presI·dent of the college.Chalmer J. Dyer is general executive ofthe Y.M.C.A. in Columbus, Ohio.Abraham Schultz, MD (Rush) '29, has re­sumed his eye practice and established hisresi�ence in Oak .Par�, Illinois, since =r­aration from service III 1946. He and hiswife, Sarah Ann Melnick '32, have a sonand two daugh ters, who, they hope, intime will be "proud alumni of this greatinstitution of learning."Mayme V. Smith had her own reunionrecently with Mrs. Ethel Woolhiser Shull'23, in Anaheim, California.1927Leslie White, PhD, broke into print againthis September with his book, THESCIENCE OF CULTURE, the first sus­rained work on the comparatively new andunfamiliar science of culturology. Mr.White is chairman of the department ofanthropology at the University of Michigan.POND LETTER 'SERVICEEtJerythin� in Letter.He"e. Type.rltl.,M ulillraphln,AddrelSOlrapll Seryl ..Hllh •• t Quality Beryl ..All PhonesHArrison 7·8118 M Imeographla.Addreul.,MIllin,Minimum Prl •••418 So. Market St.Chicago Walter Emil Marks, director of physicaleducation at Indiana University, receivedthe degree of doctor of physical educationat that university's June 1949 convocation.1928Mildred R. Jensen, MA, is associate pro­fessor at the School of Home Economics,University of Arizona.Dr. A. A. Loverde, of Chicago, tells usthat a fifth child, Charles Clarence, wasborn to him and his wife on June 13, 1949.Mrs. Edna- M. Turner, MA, is workingwith the Department of AdministrativeReview in the Illinois Public Aid Cornmis­sian.John O. Stewart is still with the UnitedAir Lines as a pilot flying the run fromSan Francisco east. His home is in SanMateo, California. Last April he spent inEurope. It was a free ride over.Perry G. E. Miller, PhD '31, professor ofAmerican literature at Harvard University,has been appointed lecturer in Americanstudies at the University of Leyden, TheNetherlands, for the academic year 1949-1950.Eugene U. Still, PhD, is president of theStill Company, research chemists. Hishome is in Sarasota, Florida.Taylor Sylvester Jackson, MA, receivedhis doctorate in education last June atconvocation ceremonies at Indiana Univer­sity.Ben M. Hanna, MA, received his doc­torate degree last June at Ohio State Uni­versity.Clara Goldsmith Roe, MA, is associa teprofessor of history at the University ofAkron. ,Fred H. Mandel, JD '29, of Cleveland, isspecializing in federal practice and servingas special counsel for the attorney generalof Ohio.Edmund G. Kaufman, PhD '28, presidentof Bethel College, Newton, Kansas, writesthat his wife passed away a year ago Oc­tober.Edgar Carl Reinke, PhD '34, is associa teprofessor of foreign languages at AlabamaCollege.Adelaide Sasser is now with the CivilAeronautics Administration, At 1 ant a,Georgia.Theodore William Kleisner is a staffassistant in the Public Relations and Serv­ice Department of Commonwealth EdisonCompany in Chicago.1929Henry E. Allen, MA, PhD '30, is co­ordinator of religious activities at the Uni­versity of Minnesota.Olive Matthews Stone, MA, is teaching inthe Department of Social Welfare at theUniversity of California in Los Angeles.Emory R. Strauser, PhD, MD (Rush) '32,of Neenah, Wisconsin, is pathologist for St.Elizabeth Hospital in Appleton, ThedaClark Hospital in Neenah, Winnebago StateHospital, and Mercy Hospital in Oshkosh.STENOTYPYLearn new, ».peedy machine shorthand. L�aaejfort, no cramped finger. or DenOUI fati�ue.Allo other co.raea: Typinr, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visil.writ, or �.0tI, for CD'D.Bryant� StrattonCO�EGE18 S. MICHIGAN AVE. Tel. RAndolph 8-1575 25Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6976 South Chicago Ave.Phone: BUtterfield 8·2116·7·8·9Wallon's Coal Makel Good-or-­Wallon DoesEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES3 .. 2 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone SEeley 3·4488The Best Place to Eat on the South SideI·COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3·6324w. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANASALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners (I Dyers200 E. Ml1rquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye·brows, bar:k of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATION26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA. 1. STEWART LUMBER ,COMPANYEVERYTHING 'IILUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave.410 West Ilith St. VI 6-9000PU 5-0034Distributors, Manufacturers Ind Jabbers IIELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. • ENglewood 4-7500CLARKE·McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3-3935"Goo" Printin, 01 AU De.criptio.,,,"RESULTS •..depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service lor Direct Adverti.er.Chicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-4561E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.OFFSET -LiTHOG RAPHYfine Color Worle A Specialty731 Plymouth CourtWAbash 2-8182RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jachon B'Ivd. Tel·ephoneMOnroe 6-3192 1930Edward Saylor, MA, is dean of the Schoolof Theology and professor of sociology atYankton College, South Dakota.Shlomo Marenof, MA '32, and wifeMartha '35, are living in Waltham, Massa­chusetts. Mr. Marenof is assistant pro­fessor of Near Eastern Civilizations andlanguages at Brandeis University. Thecouple has a daughter, Arnona, a studentat Junior Sargent College, and a son, Lee,a senior at Newton High School. Martha ispreparing courses of study in history forreligious schools.David N. Howell on October I left hisposition as associate executive of the south­ern area of the National Council YMCAto become the YMCA representative inLiberia. His wife, Maye and sons, Davidand Pedro, will sail with Howell to Mon­rovia and his new assignment. This willbe the sole YMCA project under NorthAmerican Y's in Africa and is the first sucheffort.Mrs. Klar Winnerholm (Ellen M. Higbee)is teaching Greek at Stanford University.Julius E. Ratner, MA '32, professor ofjournalism at Drake University, was re­cently appointed managing editor of BetterHomes and Gardens Magazine.Rebecca E. Pitts, MA, is teaching in theEnglish Department at Purdue University.Edward L. Haenisch, PhD '35, has lefthis position at Villanova College to becomechairman of the department of chemistryat Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana.Larry Bryan Stain ton is owner and man­ager of vineyards in Kalamazoo, Michigan.Mary R. Martin is teaching in the Lin­coln Laboratory School of Michigan StateNormal College.1931Dorothy L. Ellis received the degree ofmaster of science in social administration atWestern Reserve University last June.Minnie E. Larson, MA, teacher of art atNebraska State Teachers College in Kear­ney, Nebraska, is president of the EducationAssociation Unit at the college.Herbert Y. Moy is Chinese representativeof the American President Lines, ChinaNational Aviation Corporation, Pan Ameri­can World Airways and United Air Lines.Richard K. Schmitt, MD (Rush), is prac­ticing in Columbus, Indiana, as an obstetri­cian and pediatrician. He and his wifehave three children.Edith S. Hausler, wife of George Rigby'36, writes they are kept busy by theirchildren, Ida Kay, age five, and Martywalking after her at ten months. Georgeis senior personnel technician with theLos Angeles City Civil Service Commission.1932Russell De Long is an insurance brokeron La Salle Street, Chicago.Edna A. Mann, MA, now living in Mis­soula, Montana, retired in June of 1946after 35 years of teaching and since thenhas "enjoyed doing all sorts of things for­merly impossible because of necessary timelimitations. It's wonderful!"Since J885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best In placement service for University.College, Secondary and Elementary. Nation­wide patronage. Call or write III at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, Illinois Beatrice D. Rosholt has just returnedfrom China where she was connected withthe Economic Cooperation Administrati(}�as assistant Ito the chief of the Food Divi-sion.1933Dorothy C. Norberg, MA, gives Washing­ton, D. C., as her address again. She hasjust returned from Paris where she wasworking on a special." project at theUNESCO Library.Hanes M. Fowler, MD (Rush), has justcompleted three years' training in derma­tology and is now opening his office inDallas, Texas.Charles F. Van Cleve, AM '22, and hiswife, Bess Warren, '33, visited in AlumniLounge in late summer on their way backto Muncie, Indiana, after a summer spentin various parts of the country. Their Son,Charles, '47, has been on the quadranglesworking for his master's. He enters the airforces this fall. Dr. Van Cleve is professorof English at Ball State and for ·the pasttwo years has been local Alumni Founda­tion chairman, making one of the betterrecords in this year's campaign.Donald Pierson, AM, PhD '39, assistantmanager of the Reynolds Club in the thir­ties, spent the summer in the States fromhis home in Sao Paulo, Brazil. He was onofficial leave from the university t-here.Helen, his wife, was with him. They pur­chased an Oldsmobile and toured the Statesfor old times'. sake before returning in Sep­tember. They flew up but took the boatback.1934F. Eugene Foster, JD '36, tells us a secondson, James Justice Foster, arrived June 23,1949. All Dekes should take due notice.Herman M. Serota, MD '38, PhD 39, ispractising psychiatry and psychoanalysisin Chicago. He is also teaching and doingresearch at the Institute for PsychosomaticMedicine and Psychiatric training of Mi­chael Reese Hospital.Wendell A. Smith was recently electedassistant treasurer and assistant secretaryof the Rapids Standard Company, Incor­porated.Martin Rist, PhD, professor of New Tes­tament at Iliff School of Theology, is thevery active president of the Colorado Meth­odist Historical Society.Frederick A. Musacchio, MD (Rush), ishealth officer and school physician at Ham­mond, Indiana.Charles D. Anderson, MA '35, is a per­sonnel officer for the Veterans Administra­tion in Washington, D. C.V. O. Key Jr., PhD, chairman of the Polit­ical Science Department of Johns HopkinsUniversity since 1947, has been apointedAlfred Cowles Professor of Government atYale University.Arna M. McFarland is completing a thirdyear at Northland College, Ashland, Wis­consin, as assistant professor of French.1935Conrad Ronneberg, PhD, had a busysummer. He was on active duty as liel{-AMERICAN COLLEGE BURE:AU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement whlcb Ilmlts thowork to the unIversity and college " .. ld.It is affiliated with the FI�1r Telll'h"rjJAgency of Chloogo, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organIzationsassist In the appoIntment of admlulstratorsas well I1S of teachers,Our service Is nation-wide.27THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtenant colonel, U. S. Army Chemical Corps,a job entailing teaching nuclear physics atthe U. S. Chemical Corps School and re­writing an army manual on nuclear phys­ics. And, as if that were not enough, therewas the job of revision to be done on themanuscript for THE STUDY OF THEPHYSICAL WORLD, to be published byfall.William C. Norby, ,of La Grange, Illi­nois, was elected an assistant vice-presi­dent of the Harris Trust and Savings Bankin January of 1949. At this Chicago bank­ing institution, Norby is in charge of theSecurities Analysis Department.Betty Sayler, '35, and her husband Wil·liam E. Frye, PhD '41, live at 11265 Brad­doch Drive, Culver City, California. Mr.Frye is with the Rand Corporation. Thetwo children are headed toward schooldays with Ann, 5, and James, 3.Erwin Shafer, JD '36 is western salesmanager of Advertising Arts Corporationof Chicago. He and his wife, the formerDorothy Lampson, have a daughter, Mic­alyn, who is almost eight.John G. Zelten for the past five yearshas been serving as pastor of the TrinityLutheran Church in Manlius, Illinois. Hetells us: "My parishioners raise hogs, corn,beef, etc., and I keep reminding them thatman shall not live by bread alone."Born to John J. Berwanger and Phil.Baker, '40, on May 9, 1949, at St. LukesHospital in Chicago, a girl, Helen.Donald D. Parker, HB, PhD, is head ofthe department of history and politicalscience at South Dakota State College.Rae E. Rips, MA '38, was chief of thehistory and travel department of the De­troit Public Library from July 1948 toJanuary of this year. Since then she hasbeen assistant in charge of the UnitedStates documents at the library. In herspare time she is editing the third editionof Ann Boyd's book, "United States Gov­ernment Publications," the standard texton United States documents.Robert D. Kracke, chemist with the ArmyChemical Center in Maryland, says thebiggest news to report is that of small fry,George, who is at the toddling stage now.1936 �Back in the thirties the University of­fered scholarships to two brilliant studentswhose education had been interrupted bythe coming to power of the National So­cialists in Germany. Stefan Heym, MA,was one of the scholarship holders. Sincethen, Heym has done many things tojustify that earlier encouragement. Hisfirst novel, "Hostages," a story of the Nazioccupation of Prague, won instant acclaim.In 1943 he entered the United StatesArmy, became an officer in the branch ofpsychological warfare, and was awardedthe Bronze Star Medal. This last springhis novel, "The Crusaders," drawn fromhis experiences in the army, appeared.Most recently he has been in Palestinestudying the new Israel State. No doubtwe shall be seeing his observations of thislatest scene in print before long.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency68th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices-One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City� Mo.Spokane-New York SIMON AT C.I.T.Herbert A. Simon, '36, PhD '43, leavesone responsible position this fall to take onanother equally challenging. The formerChief of the Management EngineeringBranch of E.C.A. joined the Carnegie In­stitute of Technology this term as Head ofthe Department of Industrial Administra­tion.Herbert A. SimonDr. Simon has an impressive list of ac­complishments to show for his post-gradua­tion years: Chairman of the Illinois Insti­tute of Technology, Department of Politi­cal and Social Science; assistant editor ofPublic Management; and director of admin­istrative measurement studies in the Bu­reau of Public Administration at the Uni­versity of California. He has written pro­lifically for professional journals and is theauthor of several books in his field.In addition to his responsibilities at thePittsburgh campus, Dr. Simon will continuehis work as consultant to the InternationalCity Managers' Association, the U. S. Bu­reau of the Budget and the Cowles Com­mission for Research in Economics.. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa,SIgma XI, Sigma Iota Epsilon, the Ameri­can Political Science Association, AmericanSociety for Public Administration, Exono­metric Society and the International CityManagers' Association.Robert B. Deem has his own container(paper box) company in Philadelphia. Heand the family, two girls and a boy, livein an attractive cottage on their farm atMorris and Bethel Roads, North Wales,Pennsylvania-near Philadelphia.Charles B. Arnold, Jr., is working in thenational advertising department of Texas'largest newspaper, The Houston Chronicle.Charles B. Arnold III was one year oldon September 3.1937Irving I. Axelrad, JD '39, continues asspecial assistant to the Attorney General,litigating tax cases in the Circuit Courtsof Appeals and the Supreme Court. Afourth child (and second daughter), EvaBIENENFELDChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St. PhoneLAfayette 3-8400 •Auto Livery•QU�.t, unob'ru.iv ••• rvlc.When you want ", a. you wan' I,CALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4·6400Sinee1895SUR'GEONS'INSTRUMENTSof ALL TYPES aEQUIPMENT and FURNITUREfor OFFICE and HOSPITALAll Phones: SEeley 3-2180V. MUELLER & CO.320-408 S. HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOISTelephon. KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLPhones OAkland 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old Reliabl.Hyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awning. and Canopies for All Purpo •••4508 Cottage Grove Avenue28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHAWTINPHOTOENGRAVERSPhoto Engrav.,.Artists - Electrotyper.Makers of PrlntlnQ Plate.538 TelephoneSo. Wells St. WAbash 2-6480BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED ,. BONDEDINSUREDQUAUFIED WELDERSHAymarket 1-79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoTuckerDe.corating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3-4404GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting-Deoorating-Wood Finishing3123Lake Street PhoneKEdzie 3-3186Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180 Jean, was born on July 19, 1949. Thefamily is living in Alexandria. �James A. Miller, PhD, is now professorof anatomy at Emory University, Georgia.Daniel C. Smith, JD '40, had good reasonto get acquainted with Billings this year.Late in May his eldest son, Dan, was hos­pitalized there for pneumonia. On June 2his wife, Louise Hoyt '37, gave birth totheir fourth child, a son, at Lying-In. Atabout that point Dan, Sr., ended up inBillings with a case of chicken pox con­tracted simultaneously with his two daugh­ters. He concluded, "As a result of myfirst-hand acquaintance with the UniversityHospital I immediately developed an ap­preciation for a facet of the Universitythat had heretofore. been a blind spot forme."Helene Pirritte:, MA, has been presiden tof the Chicago Chapter of the AmericanAssociation of. Teachers of Spanish andPortuguese this year, and president of theSpanish Film Society.1938Winston H. Bostick, PhD '41, is an as­sistant professor of physics at Tufts Col­lege and "still working on the linear accel­erator at M.LT."Clark W. Seeley, MD (Rush), is chief ofstaff at the Children's Convalescent Homefor Rheumatic Fever in Kansas City. Hehas a daughter, Janet Dee, born May 9,1948,Catherine M. Feeney was married June 11to John Coughlan. The couple is living inGary, Indiana.Emil F. Jarz and wife, the former Eliza­beth McElvain '41, tell us that their secondchild, Theodore Jerome, was all of one yearold this October I. They are living at Bay­side, Long Island, N. Y.Dale E. Case, MS', is chairman of the de­partment of geography of Nebraska Wes­leyan University in Lincoln.Richard Prescott was married to Eliza­beth Ann Jaggard, a graduate of Mills Col­lege, December 26, 1948. Dick is teachingin the Stock ton, California, public schoolsthis year.1939Martha Branscombe, MA, PhD '42, assist­ant to the chief of the U. S. Children'sBureau at Washington, has been appointeddirector of the Elizabeth McCormick Me­morial Fund in Chicago.Lloyd B. Williams, MS, has been promot­ed to associate professor of mathematics atReed College in Portland.Marshall J. Stone's occupation: restau­ranteur. The place - Chicago.Martin Bronfenbrenner, PhD, on leave otabsence from his post as associate pro­fessor of economics at' the University ofWisconsin, is serving as consultant to theShoup Taxation Mission to Japan. He ex­pects to remain in the Pacific for two years.Earl Lynwood Sappington, MBA, '47, isan industrial engineer at Carnegie IllinoisSteel Corporation.J. E. Eitington, MA '40, stationed at theBrookley Air Force Base in Mobile, Ala­bama, is a civilian personnel analyst.David B. Erikson, AM '42, dropped in torenew his membership. He will be on thehistory faculty of Wilson Junior Collegein Chicago the coming year. During thewar he taught geography on our faculty.Mr. and Mrs. Donald G. Williamson(Marion J. Salisbury '39) of Winnetka,Illinois, annourrce the birth of a son, Rich­ard Salisbury, on May 9, 1949. Richardhas a sister Barbara who is almost fourand a brother Donald, twenty months.Leo Seren, PhD '42, a member of thephysics faculty at Reed College, Portland, Oregon, spent the summer in Chicagowhere he was a frequent visitor on thequadrangles and at Alumni House.Charles Alexander Stern is at presentassistant at Lying In Hospital at the Uni­versity of Chicago.1940Leander N. Binna, MA, who is teachins­at Hinsdale Preparatory High School, say�the real news is an infant son at the creep­ing stage.Betty J. Wetzel (Mrs. Richard Barrett)is now living in Iowa at Mason City. Herhusband is superintendent for the North­west Bell Telephone Company. The couplehas three children, Rebecca, Patricia andDick, Jr.Frances Ruth Jones Arrieta, MA, is teach,ing at Miss Burk's School in San Francisco,California.William P. Bamds, DB, received his doc­torate in January from the University ofNebraska.1941Maure L. Goldschmidt, PhD, has beenpromoted to professor of. political scienceat Reed College in Portland.George W. Cardell is a radio announcerand script writer for Station WSOY in De.,catur, Illinois.Richard S.· Landry, MA, has been ap­pointed assistant professor of economicsat St. Lawrence University, Canton, NewYork.1942Joseph Bertrand Finney, MD . (Rush), ispracticing in Spokane, Washington.Harris B. Jones has accepted a positionas administrator of Community Hospital,Kane, Pennsylvania.Rollins Lambert was ordained to thepriesthood on May 7, 1949. The followingday he held his first Mass at St. ThomasApostle Church at 55th and Kimbark inChicago. An ordination dinner was heldin the Coffee Shop followed by a receptionat De Sales House on the quadrangles.DORSEYRichard F. Dorsey has been named sta­tion ground services manager for theUnited Air Lines in Philadelphia. Dorseyis a 12-year veteran with United and theair transport industry. He has been sta-PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps1545 E. 63RD STREET6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUEFAirfax 4-0550PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST hiD STREETTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtioned in Chicago, Cheyenne, Cleveland,and Washington.1943Allen N. Wiseley, MD '44, a physicianand fellow in Medicine, Cleveland Clinic,writes that he has been married threeyears and has two sons. He will stay on inEuclid for another year and then headwest again.Harold K. Shelley has been minister ofthe First Unitarian Church in Tacoma,Washington, since 1945.Mary Elizabeth Matrangol (Mrs. GeraldE. Alfonso) is still on the staff of LawrenceSavings and Trust Company in EllwoodCity, Pennsylvania.Ruth Louise Russell of Montclair, NewJersey, was married in August to E. ThomasColosimo, editor and publisher of "TheSteel Worker News."Kinereth E. Dushkin (Mrs. Walter J.Gensler) gave birth to a son, Orin David,on April 30, 1949 at Boston Lying-In Hos­pital. Walter has left his instructor's postat .H�rvard to. accept an assistant professor­ship III chemistry at Boston University.Betsy J. Davison has returned to Ottawa,Illinois, after a year spent as a social andrecreation hostess with the army and airforce on Okinawa. "_ Just a short vacationand then possible reassignment somewhereelse in the world."1944Florence Daniels Formanek was recentlymarried to Francis Vaughan, Captain, U. s.Army. The couple is living in Denver.Phillip Dean Raymond is in television inFort Worth, Texas.Ann Martin, MD '47, was married to Dr.Raymond Pearson July 4, 1948. She is nowassistant resident pediatrician at StrongMemorial Hospital, Rochester, New York.Mary Alice Reed Wendel, MA '47 is per­sonnel director for Sears, Roebuck in Seat­tle, Washington. Her husband, Arthur F.Wendel, MD '49, is serving his internshipin Seattle.Dr. John David Taylor, a captain in theUnited States Army Medical Corps, wasexpecting to be transferred back to theUnited States when we heard from him inJuly. He was then in Weisbaden, Ger­many.1945Anne M. Macpherson is living in Min­neapolis and doing Market Research forthe G. H. Tennant Company.Josephine Balaty, MS, is assistant direc­tor of nursing education for the Wiscon­sin State Board of Health's Bureau ofNursing Education.Dorothy E. Sutton, MA, is chief socialworker at the Veterans AdministrationHospital in Oteen, North Carolina.Robert Livesey Sutton, MD '46, is aresident physician at the Veterans Hos­pital in Dayton, Ohio.Kathleen Taylor of Scarsdale, New Yorkis assistant in charge of student employ�ment at Columbia University in New YorkCity. She is also starting her work on amaster's degree in guidance.ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.IITABLIIHID InlOrien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicalo Phone REgent 4-6000 Myron L. Tripp, JD, assistant professorof social sciences at Rocky Mountain Col­lege in Billings, was elected last Novemberto the Montana House of Representatives.Last year he was a delegate from Montanato the Democratic National Convention.A son, Mark Andrew was born June 16,1949, to Dolores and Elwood E. Yaw, MD.Marjorie F. Leventhal, MBA '48, mar­ried classmate, Ira J. Stone, MBA '48, June26 at the Del Prado Hotel in Chicago.Hisako Tanako Sasao submitted her mas­ter's thesis at .the University of Californiaat the end of last summer. She is nowteaching at the Institute of. Far Easternand Russian Languages at the Universityof California.Richard L. Shriner, MD '48, is assignedto the post medical detachment at ParrisIsland, S. C.Ida Boss is a teacher in the OrthogenicSchool of the University.Marece Elizabeth Gibbs is a librarian inGreensboro, North Carolina.1946Robert S. Bandurski, MS '47, PhD '49,has been granted a National ResearchCouncil Fellowship in the natural sciencesfor the period from July 1, 1949 to July1, 1950. He 'will work at the CaliforniaInstitute of Technology. His problem: themechanism of biosythesis of carotenoidpigments.George Gilinsky, JD '47, who has beenpracticing law in Chicago since his gradua­tion, has moved back to his home town,Sioux City, Iowa, to continue practice witha local law firm.Charlotte Greenspan was married Sep­tember 5, 1948, to Lou Trisch, a graduatein chemistry from the Illinois Institute ofTechnology. Charlotte took her bachelorof science degree at the University in 1948.Janet Halliday (Mrs. Howard G. Ervin),her husband, and their 2 year old son,Howard III, are living in Cincinnati, whereMr. Ervin is assistant branch manager forFiberglas Corporation. janet, who wasMADEMOISELLE guest editor in 1945,and winner of VOGUE Prix de Paris in1946, is a free-lance writer of fiction andf�a ture articles for teen-age girls' maga­zmes. Janet's plea is: "Wish we had anactive group of alumni in Cincinnati!"George Peter Ignasiak, MBA, '46, wasmarried May 7, 1949, to Angela A. Budz.�e is employed in manufacturing produc­non control for Monark Silver King, In­corporated, in Chicago.Eileen Kollenberg, MA, now Mrs. Leon­ard Newman of Grand Rapids, Michigan,taught in the English Department of thelocal high school this past year. Her hus­band who is a PBK from Michigan is inthe retail store business in Grand Rapids.Elizabeth A. Lounds, MS, is a pediatricdietician in the Dietary Department ofthe Medical College of Virginia at Rich­mond.Toffee Tadashi Tanimoto, MS, is a mem­ber of the 'faculty of Allegheny College inPennsylvania.Robert Tesdell, DB, is with the Commis­sion on Youth Service Projects at the In­ternational Council of Religious Educationin Chicago.Edith A. Sinclair, MA, (Mrs. T. A.Downing) is the mother of an eight-monthold son. Her husband is studying at OhioState.1947Christine E. Haycock, now a second yearstudent at Long Island College of Medi­cine, says there are several Midway mis­sionaries in her bailiwick. Dorothy Nelson 29LEIGH·SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERTELEPHONE TAylor 9-545&0' CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.P hone: SAginaw 1-3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeak. RepairedFree Edimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.77U Luella Ave.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago. IllinoisReal Estate and Insurance1500 East 57th Street Hyde Park 3-2525Ajax Waste .Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, ROckwell 2-6252Telephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDi.fri&ufOll ofCEDERGREEN fROZEN FRESH FIUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO IvlAGAZINEJUCONCRETETraprock Industrial FloorsMetallic Trucking FloorsMachine FoundationsSidewalksT'VroIn .••NOrmal 7-0433T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.CHICAGO 37Golden Dinlyte(formerly mr;gold)The Lifetime TablewareSOUD - NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, I'll.Platers, SilversmithsSpecia'is', • . .GOLD. SILVER. RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Relfnished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoLA TOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoO,her P'an',BOlton - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracule - Cleveland"You Migh' A. Well Have The Be.'" '44, is a recent graduate at Long Island andis interning at Jersey City Medical Center.Alexis T. Miller, MBA '48, was marriedto Carolyn B. Plasman in Bond Chapel onApril 30. The couple is living in SouthBend, Indiana, where Lex is in the OfficeMethods Department of the StudebakerCorporation.Charles W. Van Cleve, who has beenworking on his master's degree at Chicago,entered the air forces this fall.Adelyn M. Russell recently returned fromnine months in Europe during which timeshe visited her sister Carroll Russell Sherer,'43, whose husband is with the State De­partment, stationed at that time in Tangierbut since transferred to Calcutta. Thesisters are daughters of the Paul S. Russells(both alumni) and" Carroll's husband theson of Albert W. Sherer, '06.Edwin S. Munger, SM '48, former Ma­roon business manager, received his mas­ter's in September (geography) and leftimmediately on a Fulbright Award forUgunda, Africa (north end of Lake Vic­toria) to make an urban study of thatcity. He will be attached to the only col­lege in East Africa, Makerere College, andwill be their first white student.Oliver M. Chiesl is a copywriter at theVapor Heating Corporation. Ollie is thefather of a son, William Dewey who willbe one November 3.Morris L. Cohen is now studying atColumbia Law School and "misses theMidway."Albert W. Demmler, Jr. has returned tothe University of Michigan to begin histhird year of graduate work in metal­lurgical engineering.Frances Eldredge, PhD, is chairman ofthe Department of English at RockfordCollege for the triennium 1949-1952.Nancy Fink '47 and Herbert Baer '48were married March 6 in Scarsdale, NewYork.Harriett Friedman, now managing edi­tor of the University of Michigan'S Daily,was the subject of a recent profile sent onfor us to read. Quite a gal, we'd conclude:Ann Arbor correspondent for the DetroitFree Press, a major in philosophy, and ayen to make a pilgrimage to Mt. St. Michel(Henry Adams' influence, of course). WhyMichigan after two years on the Midway?Undue influence, that's all. Her father andsister went there.George Goodell, MBA, is teaching at theCollege of Business Administration ofMarquette University in Milwaukee. Hereceived his LLB from Marquette last July.E. Arline Heath is director of the Schoolof Nursing at Haekley Hospital, Muskegon,Michigan.Linsley L. Lundgaard is special repre­sentative for the Ismert-Hincke MillingCompany of Kansas City, Mo. He travelsthroughout the Eastern and Southern partsof the United States and says he is on theroad more than half the time.Joseph J. Marciano, MS '48, now em­ploy�d in the United States Navy Elec­trorucs Laboratory in San Diego, writesthat he saw "practically the entire De­partment of Meteorology recently at theAmerican Meteorology Society meetings inWashington."Christine L. Oglevee, MS '48, was re­cently. appointed Direc.tor of the newly?rganlZ�d 4Y2 year baSIC degree program111 nursing at the University of Mississippiin Oxford, Miss. CHICAGOANS WITH FORDJust a short note to say hello fromDetroit and get my address on therecord.My position with the : EconomicAnalysis Department of the FordMotor Company is proving very in·teresting.You may be interested to learnthat I am in close contact with sev­eral Chicago alumni every day:Louis Kuipers, MBA '47, Wallace W.Booth, Jr., MBA '48, Pierce Bray,'48, MBA '49, and Grant Chave, AM:'48.The first three are financial an­alysts and the latter is an economicanalyst. Paul F. Lorenb, MBA '41,and Arthur F. Goeing, '34, MBA '48,a product of the Executive Program,are both with the financial section ofthe Ford organization.Alfred H. Baume, MBA '4920215 W. ChicagoDetroit 28Evelyn Paper, now Mrs. Gerald Hernel­grin, is doing free-lance interior designing,including furniture design, in Denver.Mr. and Mrs. Herman Rapoport of Mil­ton, Mass., announced the engagement oftheir daughter, Dorothy Ann Rapoport,MA '47, to Leon Lipson, of Newton, Mass.Mr. Lipson is now studying law at Har­vard University.Marcia Joan Rike is assistant secretaryof the Chamber of Commerce of Newark,New Jersey.Ralph S. Saul is presently a student inthe Yale Law School.Richard Frederick Schmidt, MBA, iswith the Bureau of Business Research atthe University of Texas.Kenneth G. Seheid, MBA, of Minne­apolis, is resuming graduate study in in.dustrial relations at M.I.T. this fall, work­ing for his doctorate.Sylvia Simons, '47, the daughter of Mrs.Hiram Simons of Lake Shore Drive, Chi­cago, and the late Mr. Simons, was marriedJune 19 to Warren P. Sights, Jr., '48, theson of Dr. and Mrs. Warren Preston Sightsof Paducah, Ky. .Arved K. Sommer "expects to spend an;t0nth in Europe this fall." Since gradua­non Arved has been employed in the ac­counting department of the Quaker OatsCompany in Chicago.Leon F. Strauss, former captain of thefencing team, is now associated with Roths­child & Co., Chicago, as a securities sales­man. He's still keeping up his fencing andparticipated in the National FenCingTournament in New York in June.Gregory L. Turner, MS, is district geolo­gist, East Texas District, for the Pur'e OilCo. His wife is the former Eleanor Rose.E1lis '46.Dan Weaver, MD '47, is in practice inGrand Rapids, Michigan.Herman Will, Jr. served from November1943 to March 1946 as director of theCastener Reconstruction Project in PuertoRico. In August and September 1946 hevisited Cuba and Mexico on a specialmission for the International Fellowshipof Reconciliation. In October of the sameyear he joined the staff of the MethodistCommission on World Peace as Administra­tive Assistant. In July 1947 he was one ofthe adult leaders for the World Confer­ence of Christian Youth at Oslo, Norway.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1948Morrie S. Helitzer, MA, reporting: "Cameto Paris last fall to cover UN for Inter­national News Service; moved to Berlinin December for a close look at the block­ade, Russians and General Clay and thenceto Vienna last month. One of the firstfaces seen in Paris was the angular leanone belonging to Gordon Johnson, MA. G Jwent to Palestine shortly before I left forBerlin and after one letter from Tel Aviva great silence."Samuel Enoch Stumpf, PhD, is associateprofessor in the School of Religion, Van­derbilt University.Michael John Waskowsky, MA, has beenappointed instructor in art at KalamazooCollege. Waskowsky holds the degree B.F.A.from the Art Institute of Chicago and in1941-42 he was awarded a fellowship inpainting. �ith <?ranbrook Academy. Hehas exhibited his work in the AmericanShow, Chicago Show, Illinois Annual In­ternational Water Color Show. Hraus'haarGalleries, New York, and the Detroit An:nual. Some of his paintings are in thepermanent collection of the CranbrookMuseum of Art.William E. Welch, MBA, of St. Charles,Illinois, is field supervisor of EasterlingCompany, Inc., in Chicago.Madeline G. Williams, (Mrs. AllenKeith), writes that much of her campusinterest is in encouraging her husband toget that degree in International Relationscome 19.50.James S. Wilson '48 and wife (Ruth L.Steel) announce the birth of a son, JamesSharp Wilson IV, on March-In, 1949.Thomas E. Booble '48 reports the birthof a son, Dale Michael, on April 22� Themother is the former LaJoy Harkness, whowas a member of Alpha Epsilon whileattending the University.Edward P. J. Corbett, MA, is an instruc­tor of English at Creighton University,Omaha, Nebraska.Mary Bigford Brett, who is now "ahousewife in East Orange, New Jersey,"writes that she, Diana Blake '47, andGretchen Gearhart '47 recently had theirown reunion in New York City. There waslots to talk about with Diana's new job,in New York and her talk of the six­months' trip to Turkey, with Gretchen'saccount of her studies as a student nurseat the Massachusetts General Hospital, andwith Mary's domestic asides to round outthe picture.Frank D. Dunkel is employed by Mont­gomery Ward and Company as a storemana.ger trainee. in their vyaukegan store.He IS also takmg extension courses inbusiness management at the University ofWisconsin.Orville L. Eaton has been director oflibraries at the University of Kansas Citysince 1946.Richard M. Elghammer, MD '48 wasmarried March 30th to Margaret' AnnWatkins.Jean F. Emmons, MBA, writes us fromBaton Rouge, Louisiana, that he is an in­structor in the Business Division at South­ern University. He also tells us of hismarriage last December 23 to Ruth G.Yarber.Mary Louise Gladish, MA, is a researchfellow in nutrition at Harvard School ofPublic Health in Boston.Natalie Reader Haimowitz, PhD, was re­cently inducted into the University of Chi­cago chapter of �igm� Xi, honorary sciencegroup. Mrs. HaImOWItz first measured out­come of psychotherapy with personalitytests. Reginald J. Holzer's engagement to Es­telle M. Starkman, a junior at ChicagoTeacher's College, was recently announced.Holzer is attending Kent College of Law.Charles E. King, MA, is research secretaryfor the Heal th and WeHare Council inL�u.is.ville, Ky., and lecturer in sociology,DIVISIOn of Adult Education, at the Uni­versity of Louisville.Da,:,id A. Le,:,ine has been teaching andstudying at LIme Rock, Connecticut, atAlfred Korzybski's Institute of GeneralSemantics. He hopes to return to Chicagonext year to take up "formal studies again."We call this a speed record for gettingstarted on the way to a successful public�nd leg�l. career. Jack H. Mankin, JD, whoIS pracncing law as a member of the firmof Goodwin and Mankin in Lebanon, In­d!ana, �as. recently elected president ofSIxth District Young Democrats of Indianaand appointed attorney for the State Ath­letic Commission by Governor Schricker.David Emerson Mann, MS, PhD '48, isa Frank B. Jewett fellow in chemistry atthe School of Chemistry of the Universityof Minnesota.Douglas J. Marvel writes that his wifeMarge gave birth to a son, Douglas Jr., onFebruary I, 1949.Brunhilde Metlay, MA, is a caseworkerat the Jersey City Family Service Associa­tion.Joseph S. Mohr, Jr., is attending theHarvard Business School.Walter E. Morial, MBA, is now comp­troller-actuary with the Majestic Life In­surance Company of Louisiana. He isliving in New Orleans.James F. Mulcahy, Jr., was married April30 to Marjorie Kupal of Rosary College.The ceremony was performed at St.Angela's Church in Chicago.Patricia Murphy was married to RobertJ. Kilpatrick, JD '49, January 20, 1949.�ary M. Newell, MA, is a psychiatricSOCIal worker at the Veterans Administra­tion office in Cincinnati.Wi�liam C. N ovosad is working as a�hemlst at. the Sinclair Refining Companym East Chicago, Indiana. He was marriedlast September to Miss Elaine Del Vecchioof Chicago.Dominic G. Parisi, MBA, is DivisionalPersonnel Manager at Marshall Field andCompany. His wife is the former Helen J.Tyler '43.john E. Pederson, J�, is on the facul tyof the College of Business Administrationat �arquette University in Milwaukee, asan instructor in business law and govern­ment. On April 5 his wife, Nancy, gavebirth to a "fine, handsome baby boy, JohnEdwards, Jr."Elizabeth S. Pollet '48 was married June10, 1949 to Delmare Schwarz. The couple isliving in New York City.Charles Harker Rhodes is on the Midwayas a law student, and Student Union Boardand N .S.A. Committee member.Ir� J. Sto�e, MBA, is now. managing amen s clothing store on Chicago's SouthSide.John Herbert Stroud, MA, is chief socialworker at the Veterans Administration inSioux Falls, South Dakota.Wallace Turner, MBA, is now with Pan­American Import Company in the account­ing department. This news comes fromhis classmate Walter E. Morial in NewOrleans, so we reason that is the citywhere Turner is located too.Michael L. Yaffer is attending the Uni­versity of New Mexico in Albuquerque,N. M. 31HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-1579BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to Uni­versity and Business Wbmen atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blachtone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner. DirectorTELEVISIONDrop in and see a programRADIOSFrom consoles to porta blesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shopELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators RangesWashers BlanketsSPORrlNG GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSPopu lar-SymphoniesFine collection for childrenHEN �J1IAI�1I�5935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler. '33TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCH RYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMidway 3-4200AlsoGuaranfeed Used Cars andComplefe Aufomobile Repair.Body. Painf. Simonize, Washand Greasing Departmenfs32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1949Ann Bunch, MA, is now employed as apsychiatric social worker at the Chatta­nooga-Hamilton County Guidance Clinic.Sheldon B. Peizer, AM, is with theTuberculosis and Health Association atRochester, New York.Betty Sue Gottfried, MA, is one of sixwinners of $2000 fellowships in creativewriting granted at Stanford University.She was a winner in the novel division.Vivian A. Rogers, MA, was married toDonald R. McCoy September 29, in Chi­cago. Don is a candidate for the master'sdegree in political science at the Univer­sity. Vivian, who was associate editor ofTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAG­AZINE for the past year and a half, isdoing further research in the field of com­munications at the University.Bernard N. Marcantel, TD and his wifeMartha (formerly receptionist in the Of­fice of. Vocational Guidance and Placementat the University) are the parents of ason, David Emile, born Tune 1, 1949. Lepere is presently working for the degreeof Master of. Civil Law at Tulane Uni­versity.James Karge Olsen, ID, is teaching ·lawas a temporary instructor of Political Sci­ence at Kent State University. This year'scontract calls for promotion to assistantprofessor of Political Science.Phyllis B. Hovland, MBA, is food pro­duction supervisor at the Argonne Na­tional Laboratory.Lola G. Selby, MA, has joined the facultyof the school of social work at the Uni­versity of Iowa.DEATHSWallace W. Atwood, '97, PhD '03, diedJuly 24, 1949. He was 76 years of age. Hewas a member of the geology departmentat the University from 1899 to 1913 andpresident of Clark University from 1920u�til I �46: Althou�h a starred geologist,hIS mam interest since 1920 was in geog­raphy. He established the first graduateschool in geography. In 1942 he wasawarded the Distinguished Service Geog­raphy Education Award and the CulverGold Medal was granted in 1948. He wasa loyal alumnus and was awarded a Dis­tinguished Alumnus Medal in 1941.Claud Woodruff, MD (Rush) '01, died atChatfield, Minnesota, on March 24, 1948.Addie B. Stronach '02 died [ulv 17, 1949,at her home in Oak Park, Illinois.Dr. Edward Marsh Williams '03, 79 yearold founder of the Iowa public healthp:ogram, physician, and former teacher,died May 17, 1949.Marian Biegler, '05, with her husbandEmerson Davis of Grosse Pointe, Michigan,were among those who perished when theS. S. Noronic burned at its pier in Torontolast September. She had been active inthe. Detroit Chicago Club, having beenpresident and later serving on importantcommittees. Her husband was presidentof the Detroit Chemical Co.Gustaf P. Lagergren, '08, distinguishedmodern architect, died at his home in St.Paul, Minnesota, September 8: 1949. Amember of the architectural firm of Ellerbeand Company at the time of his deathLagergren will. be long remembered bythe people of hIS home state for his workdone while architect for their state fair.The modern 4H Club and beautiful Grand­stand Ramp are examples of the Lager­gren design.Donald Admiral, '11, died May 10, 1949, at Palm Springs, California. He ·was anauthority on the desert sections of theSouthwest and founder of the Palm SpringsDesert Museum. He leaves two daughtersand three grandchildren.Charles R. Stafford, ID '11, died [anuary?, 1948. �e had been district court judge111 Muscatine, Iowa.J. Elmer Thomas, '12, of Fort Worth,Texas, died of a heart attack August 22,1949 at the age of 57. He had not beenwell for five years and had had a seriousattack while in Rome last March wherehe was investigating the oil reserves of thePo valley for the Italian government. Hewas a famous oil geologist and had servedthe government in numerous advisory ca­pacities in his field.Frank W. Hoffer, MA '18, BD '19, as­sociate professor of sociology at the Uni­versity of Virginia, died of coronary throm­bosis April 13, 1949.Guy A. Hunt, MD '22, passed away June11, 1949. He had made his home in 'Butler,Pennsylvania.Frank Thone, PhD '22, Science Servicebiology editor and noted science reporter,died in Washington, D. C. at the age. of58 August 25, 1949. He had covered a widerange of science reporting from the famousScopes trial at Dayton, Tennessee, to theatomic bomb tests in Bikini.Bay Brice of Tama, Iowa, '25, died Aug­ust 27, 1949, at Marshalltown, Iowa.Nellie Gorgas, '22, AM '37, died in Min­neapolis on June 4. She was superintend­e�t of the St. Barnabas Hospital in thatcity, a popular and hard worker in herfield. In June, 1948, "Miss Gorgas was backon the quadrangles to receive an AlumniCitation for good citizenship, which indi­cated how much her fellow alumni wereimpressed with her unselfish service to herfellow man-a service which, in the rush ofeverything, could have contributed to herearly death.Paul J. Vogel '25, died January 20, 1949,after a long illness. His home was Chi­cago.Jo� F .. Snodg�as,. MA '26, died April 3 inCollinsville, Illinois, He was principal ofthe East Alton-Wood River CommunityHigh School.Dr. Albert Dunham, '28, AM '31 PhD'38, professor of philosophy at HowardUniversity, died May 4.Frank E. Peters, MD '29, of WinnetkaIllinois, died February 14, 1949. 'Vivian Karolina Carlson '34 (Mrs. F.Douglas Squire) died June 6, 1949. While�n "undergraduate, s�e wa� awarded the bigC and W.A.A. pm, highest awards inathletics.I Died June 15, 1949 in a plane crash atN�rth Liberty, Indiana: Silas SinclairSnider, MD '34 and wife, Helen ElizabethLamb�m Snider '30, and Henry Montgom­ery KIme, JD '30, and wife Jean.The Reverend Gregory B. Mathews, PhD'39, dean of the College of Agriculture,Catholic University of Peking, died of ahe�rt attack February 4, 1949, at Peiping,China.BOYDSTON BROS .• INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.OAkland 4-0492 Albert K. McAnally, MD '41 (Rush) diedMay 15, 1949.Pearl Scaggs, MA '33, died January 4,1949, in Maysville, Kentucky.Will Cuppy, '07, AM '14, died atthe age of 65 in New York CitySeptember 1, 1949.Will was a famous humorist withseven books to his credit includins"How to Tell Your Friends fro�Apes." An eighth is on the presses:"How to Attract the Wombat." Hewas also a frequent contributor toPost Scripts in the Saturday EveningPost while conducting the weeklymystery book review column for theNew York Herald Tribune.The New York Times, in reportingMr. Cuppy's death, illustrated histype of humor with a number ofanecdotes, e.g., When asked why henever married, Cuppy replied: "Prob­ably because no one ever asked me.Statistics show that a certain num­ber get married each year and therest don't. Well, I got in the wrongbunch of statistics."Married people should be calledupon to defend their position ratherthan the unmarried. They have somuch practice in explaining thingsto each other that can't be explained,that they ought to be in form."Mr. Cuppy had been in poorhealth. He was found unconsciousin his apartment and was taken tothe hospital where he died.The Rev. James E. Case, S. J., PhD '36,director of the department of mathematicsat St. Louis University since 1936, died ofheart disease August 5 in LaCrosse, Wis­consin.Earl I. Doty, MA, died March 25, 1949.David R. Kennicott died April 19, 1949,at Waukegan, Illinois.William Linn McBride, MD '01, diedJune 1, 1949.Luther B. Hill's death in 1943 was re­ported to this office recently. The samenote told us that his son Tom is a studentat the University'S School of Medicine.. Eva Ellen Anderson died May 24, 1949,111 Albuquerque, New Mexico.Henry Harrison Vaupell, MD Rush '97died at his home in Oak Park August 30'1949. Recently the doctor estimated he hadbrought 4,500 babies into the world.F�nny �. Burling, '99 (Mrs. StephenDavies), died at Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin.August 24, 1949. Her home was at theDel Prado Hotel, Chicago.. Irene L. Carter, '22, of Elgin, Illinoisdied May 17, 1949. 'The Reverend E. E. Campbell, MA '13of Waterloo; Iowa, died March 13, 1949�Milton H. G. Meyer, '22, of Chicagodied May 21, 1949. 'John F. Soeck, '41, PhD '44, research as­sociate and instructor in biochemistry atthe University, died August 18, 1949.Archibald O. Shaw, MD '02, died Mav10, 1949, in Naples, Florida. .David Taylor, MD '34, died March 26.1949. H� had be.en critically ill since Janu­ary. HIS practIce had been in YellowSprings, Ohio. His wife and two sons sur­vive him.Mary Morton Wood, '05, died July 251948. '"The one field that offeredexactly what we wanted"Charles I. Lytle and family, Buffalo, N. Y.These University of Chicago men are New EnglandMutual representatives:Harry Benner, 'II, ChicagoGeorge Marselos, '34, ChicagoJohn D. Downs, '46, ChicagoThey can give you expert counsel on "Living Insurance"-a uniquely liberaland flexible life insurance program tailored to fit your family's needs. ·DURING the years I was in the Army, I oftenthought of having a business of my own, and thiswas in the back of my mind when I returned tocivilian life.Before the war I had worked for a large paintcompany, and upon my discharge, I returned tothem, serving as manager of one of their stores. Butwithin a year I resigned, mainly because what I reallywanted was a position where my income would bemeasured by my ability - not by what someonethought I was worth. And where I could exchangemy energy and talents for good living conditions formy family, and for an unlimited opportunity forme to earn.Some serious, long-range thinking brought me tothe conclusion that the one field that offered exactlywhat I was after was life insurance. So I contacteda number of companies here in Buffalo, and spentseveral days studying their respective merits andhistories. I was impressed with the caliber of NewEngland Mutual men I met, and by the fact thatthis company had always led the field in providingliberal policyholder benefits.That's why I joined New England Mutual. Now,after my Home Office training course, and with thevaluable help of my General Agent and the manyaids offered to New England representatives, I'mmaking steady progress. I've got that business ofmy own, and it's providing the opportunity for meand the good living conditions for my family thatwe've always wanted.Recent graduates of our Home Office training course,although new to the life insurance business, earn averagefirst-year commissions of $3600-which, with renewal com­missions added, brings the total yearly income average to$ 5700. From here, incomes rise in direct proportion to eachindividual's ability and industry.If you'd like information about a career that gives you abusiness of your own, with no slow climb up a seniorityladder and no ceiling on earnings, write Mr. H. C. Chaney,Director of Agencies, 501 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Mass.THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYLet's get down to earth ...IMAGINE stealing three billion tons of earth every year!That's what soil erosion has been doing. And this gigantictheft has cost farmers billions of dollars. F or good earth isnot dirt cheap."Stop erosion!" has become the farmers' war cry. Agri­cultural agencies have joined the farmers. Together, theyhave turned to the farm machinery makers. They've askedfor bigger and better bulldozers, tractors, graders 'for neces­sary ditching and terracing. But to build this super farmmachinery takes tougher steel, new alloys.Here is where DCC enters the allied offensive againsterosion. Drawing on its vast engineering experience, DCCcontributes modern metallurgical techniques and alloys.This co-operation with steel manufacturers helps the farmmachinery makers ... who then are able to give the farmersthe equipment they need.How is the "war" going? The farmers are winning. Dust bowls are vanishing. Sterile lands show signs of life. Yes, thefarmers are winning their fight against soil erosion with acombination of new equipment, revegetation and croprotation.Union Carbide is proud of its part in this effort. And thepeople of UCC stand ready to help solve other problems ...wherever better materials and processes are needed.FREE: You are invited to send for the new illus­trated booklet, "Products and Processes," whichshows how science and industry use VCC'sAlloys, Chemicals, Carbons, Gases and Plastics.UNION CARBIDEA. ...1¥'I) CA,.ll.D O.l'jt· C O.RP OR ... J. .T.IO .. l'tY'30 EAST 42ND STREET [![!:! NEW YORK 17. N. Y.Trade-marked Products of Divisions and Units includeELECTRO MET Alloys and Metals • BAKELITE, KRENE, VINYON, and VINYLITE Plastics • HAYNES STELLlTE AlloysLINDE Oxygen • PREST-O-LITE Acetylene • }>YROFAX Gas • SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHE:'vIICALSPRESTONE and TREK Anti Freezes • NATIONAL Carbons • EVEREADY Flashlights and Batteries • ACHESON Electrodes