BOOKSTECHNOLOGY AND INTERNA­TIONAL RELATIONS, (Harris Founda­tion Lectures 1948) Edited by WilliamF. Ogburn, University of ChicagoPress, $4.00.The war has left us with some remark­able developments in four fields of tech­nology-the airplane, atomic energy, tele­communications, and steam and steel. Thetremendous impact of these developmentson the relations among nations is the prob­lem considered in this volume.Quincy Wright discusses the new tech­nology and the world order. Hornell Hartanalyzes the effect of new inventions on(he size of states. Bernard Brodie looks atthe effects of the techniques of war onnational policies. In separate articles A.Payson Usher, William F. Ogburn, WilliamT. R. Fox and Robert Leigh focus atten­tion on the changes in relations amongstates signalled by each of the four majortechnologies under surveillance. The vari­ous aspects of this vital question arecapably integrated by an editor's intro­duction.FOUNDATIONS OF THE PUBLICLIBRARY, A Social History of thePublic Library Movement in f,'om 1629 to 1855, by JesseH. Shera, PhD'44. University of Chi­cago Press, $5.00.In 1629 the Massachusetts Bay settlersreceived their first public collection ofbooks; more than two centuries later, in1854, the reading room of the Boston Pub­lic Library was opened in the AdamsSchoolhouse on Mason Street. Betweenthese dates the public library movementgrew throughout New England. Shera usesa fairly broad brush in describing thismovement, for he is "concerned with thoseelements in American life which con­tributed directly or indirectly to the growthof the public library as a social agency andthe character of the environment fromwhich it emerged."RESEARCH AND RESEARCH POS·SIBILITIES IN BRASIL WITH PARTIC­ULAR REFERENCE TO CULTUREAND CULTURAL CHANGE, by Don­ald Pierson AM'33, PhD'39 and MarioWagner Viera de Cunha. Acta Ameri­cana. Vol. V (1947) No. 1-2.Pierson, who is the Smithsonian Insti­tute's anthropologist in South America, haswritten what might be termed a handbookfor researchers in Brazil. As its titleindicates it is a scientist's book, with littlein it of interest to the lay public. Itcontains a detailed summary of researchprojects which have already been under­taken in the field, then proceeds to setforth the possibilities for future develop­ment.EMPEROR FREDERICK If, by DavidG. Einstein '23. Philosophical Library,$4.50.A loosely put-together account whichpu ts the willful Frederick in a better ligh tin his quarrels with the Papacy. FOOD POISONING, by G. M. Dack,PhD'27. MD'33. University of ChicagoPress $3.75.Out of the recent war came a wealth ofnew information on food poisoning and itsprevention and cure. With this new data[0 draw upon, Dr. Dack, professor ofbacterrology and Director of the Food Re­search Institute of the University of Chi­cago, has brought his 1943 study up toda te in concise and readable form.ALL COHERENCE GONE, by VictorHarris, PhD'45. University of ChicagoPress $5.00.Seldom it is that the older generationdoes not find in the state of the worldsome signs of decay from the orderly pat­tern of its youth. The generations ofthe Renaissance were obsessed with thisbelief; in the words of Harris, it was "partof the Renaissance cosmic order." Buildingabout John Donne's lament, "all cohaer­ence gone," Harris describes the intellectualconfusion and the disruption of old pat­terns which characterized the sixteenth andseventeenth centuries.GEORGE ELLETT COGHILL, Natural­ist and Philosopher, by C. Judson Her­rick. University of Chicago Press,$5.00.Says Herrick of his work: "I want todepict the life of science as it was livedby G. E. Coghill and the science itselfwhich he produced." Thus the book isnot merely a biography of Herrick's goodfriend Dr. Coghill; it is also and perhapsmore importantly an attempt to set newgoals for na tural science and to reformits methods."The time has come," contends Herrick,"to recognize the humanistic significanceof science-so-called pure science, I mean­and to adjust our practice accordingly."BARTOLOME MITRE: A POET' INACHON, by Myra Cadwalader Hole,PhD' 40. Hispanic Institute in theUnited States.In the life of poet-patriot Mitre is re­flected the history of Argentina through­out her struggle for unification and mod­ernization. Miss Hole has drawn the por­trait of the man with great care for thereflection.MEMO PADWELL STAFFED ! !The Park Hospital Clinic in MasonCity, Iowa, according to George M. Crabb,'07, MD (Rush)'lO owes a great deal tothe University of Chicago. Ten of thestaff of specialists have been associatedwith the University and the Medical Schoolin different capacities. In addition to Dr.Crabb, who is in general surgery at theClinic, they are:Lee R. Wooitward, MD(Rush)'17, ofroentgenology; Nicholas C. Starn, '15, MD(Rush)'17, in urology and dermatology;Thorald E. Davidson, MD(Rush)'23, gen­eral surgery; Ralph E. Smiley, SM'29, medi­cine; C. O. Adams, assistant resident, chiefresident and instructor in orthopedic surg­ery at Chicago, 1936-40, in charge of orthopedics and traumatic surgery; G. J.Sartor, intern, assistant resident, specialassistant, resident and instructor in pedi­atrics, 1937-41, in charge of pediatrics atPark; John P. Darling, MD(Rush)'37,pathology and laboratory; Van W. Hunt,MD'44, cardiology and internal medicine;Robert B. Smith, MD'38, otolaryngology.RETURN OF THE NATIVEDawn redwoods are growing in Americaagain-after an absence of about 25 millionyears.Four of them, seedlings ranging from6 to 15 inches in height, have been plantedin Berkeley, California, by Ralph W.Chaney, '12, PhD '19, head of the U. ofCalifornia paleontology department of the world's most eminent authori­ties on prehistoric plants. He flew themfrom China in 1948.Until 1945, scientists studied dawn red­woods only from fossils. Then two Chineseprofessors sent a couple of young plantcollectors into the little-known border re­gion between Szechuan and Hupeh Prov­inces. The collectors came out with hun­dreds of plant specimens, among them, theneedles and cones of a strange "new" tree.The professors looked at the specimens anddecided they belonged to a living dawnredwood. When reports reached Berkeley,Dr. Chaney decided to head for China­"This I've got to see for myself."He saw it. The details, fascinating tho'they are, would take pages. He foundthem about to provide a lumber-scarceChina with timber! He pleaded with lo­cal, state, and national authorities to pI' -serve the trees in the Valley of the Tiger.Results are yet unknown.Dr. Chaney took large specimens toNanking for laboratory investigation. Oth­ers will be analyzed here along with theseedlings now growing in California.The Rainbow CafeWhen we were in Minneapolis recentlywe telephoned the Legeros residence andaskd for George. The maid answered(George lives with his parents) and saidthat George Legeros (MBA'47) was at theRainbow Cafe. It was nearly 10 P. M.and we wondered why George was havingdinner that late at night. The lady ex­plained that it was his dad's restaurant andGeorge, who majored in restaurant manage­ment, was now the manager. We decidedto run out and see him.We asked the cab driver if he knewwhere the Rainbow Cafe was. Of course.everyone knew the Rainbow Cafe. It wasone of the better eating places in Uptown.It is an attractive restaurant whichGeorge's father built from lunch counter.They have just added another modernroom and George has attracted nation-wideattention with his monthly art exhibitswhich add greatly to the attractiveness ofthe place.His younger brother plans to attend ourschool of business and prepare to join inthe operation when, we suspect, dad willmake his retirement complete. At themoment father and mother were visitingtheir home land, Greece, and preparirig tobring father Legeros' mother back to theStates.We had a pleasant Chicago reunion anda private chauffer with a new Packardcar for the rest of our stay in the city.George insisted on driving us to our re­maining appointments, showing us the city,and putting us on the Zephyr for Chicago.H.w.M.Monticello's Max HottOn a recent trip to Springfield, Illinois,we wound off the highway into picturesqueMonticello for a brief visit with Max R.Hort, '16.In a rustically furnished office presidedover by a sail fish exceeding seven feet,Max Hott gave us a cordial welcome. Hehad just returned from landing an 85-pound tarpon in Florida waters. Wequickly gathered that fishing was a majorhobby.Prominently displayed near the fireplacewere. containers labeled: Campho-Phenique,Milks Emulsion, Blackstone Aspirin, Fritola,Traxo, etc.This took us back to the days when Dr.D. W. Colwell, a Monticello physician, de­veloped a laxative which became nation­ally known as Dr. Colwell's Syrup of Pep-sin. .Max's father joined the Pepsin SyrupCompany in 1908 and Max became a sales­man and later sales "road coach" under hisdad. The company was sold to SterlingDrug in 1924 but both father and son re­mained as top officers in the various com­panies which had been built around theoriginal.When Max's father retired in 1933, Maxtook on the full responsibilities, which hecarried until two years ago. Doctor's or­ders demanded' a slow down and now Maxretains a minor part of the products, fishes,plays golf, and operates four farms totaling1160 acres.He' consults with the University of Illi­nois on some of his farm problems and, inturn, serves on the advisory committee oftheir Executive Committee.Fictional SagaMarian Johnson Castle '20, popular fic­tion writer and author of best-selling De­borah (1946), has a; new book, publishedin March of this year. It is The Golden:Fury, a story of a Great-Hearted WomanwhO found High-Adventure in the OldWest, "the saga," according to the publish­er, "of a rough young land ... of thepeople whose strength and humor anddespair-and love-made the Old West whatit was." The book has been chosen by abook-club for early summer.TapeThere is a family of alumni ove.r onChicago's northwest side who are tyingthe world up in tape-red and otherwise.Five hundred employees in two factoriesmake several million yards a day-enough'to circle the world sixty times a year. Allkinds of paper tape: water-proof, adhesive,colored, designed with seasonal characters(holly, lilies, turkeys, fire crackers) and withcoded numbers or figures. And only re­cently the company has added a special gift­wrappings department for all occasions withf)tring and wrapping paper designed tomatch.The firm is The Chicago Printed StringCompany. When Charles Weiner broughthis small string machine from Austria andset up in Chicago, the business was unique(it still does 90% of the printed stringbusiness). During the war the company.converted to making marker tape for thenavy and other war divisions. This tapewas water-proofed, coded, and assembled'with the wires in cables, At any pointwhere a cable was cut, the tape would im­mediately give a variety of identificationsas to purpose, point of manufacture, re­placement specifications, etc.But our. interest is in the people who arenow with the company: Don Elliott, '38, isjn charge of personnel; Stanley Weiner, �42, Volume 41 June. 1949 Number 9PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORTEditor VIVIAN A. ROGERSARTHUR R. DAYAssociate Editors VALERIE CRAIGClass News EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETIE LOWREYContributing EditorsI NTH I S I' S SUEBOOKS COVER IEDITOR'S MEMO PAD COVER IREUNION HIGHLIGH;rS 2SPRINGFIELD SUMMARY� William V. Morgenstern �20, .TD �22.. 3THE RISING EAST 'FROM AMERICA� Phillips Talbot......................... 5OUTPOST IN AN ALIEN SEAFROM AUSTRALIA� Emerson E. Lynn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 7CULTURE IN CHICAGO� Sir Richard Livingstone.. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8A NEW RELIGION, PART II, A. Eustace Haydon 10NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES� Jeannette Lowrey 13BRIGHTER FOR HER LOVE - EDITH FOSTER FLINTFred B. uui«, PhD �31 19A TRIBUTE - EDITH FOSTER FLINTLetitia Fyffe Merrill' 14 21HEADLINERS ' 21NEWS OF THE CLASSES 22INDEX FOR VOLUME 41 , 36THIS IS THE LAST ISSUE OF THE MAGAZINE UNTIL OCTOBERCOVER: An early-summer look through the Bond Chapel cloister atCobb Hall. Blake Hall fire escape on the left.Published by the Alumni Association of the Univeraity of Chicago monthly, from Octoberthru June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscrip­tion price $3.00. Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the general sales manager; George Weiner,'46, is working up in the organization, andlast fall. Harry Sholl, '41, joined the com­pany as assistant sales manager. As we remember Ernest, Jr., in our Reyn­olds Club days, he was a champion tabletennis player and tops in chess, amongother extracurricular activities.This did not prevent him from earninghis PhD at the age of 19, the youngest onrecord. During the war and since he hasbeen working on atomic science projects.A Chicago familyA recent newspaper account of J. ErnestWilkins, JD '21, Chicago attorney, remindsus that the Wilkins family has made quitea reputation, a part of which can be sharedmodestly by the University.The news article referred to Mr. Wilkins'election to the Methodist Church's JudicialCouncil, the first Negro ever to serve onthis council, which passes on the denomina­tion's laws and policies.Mrs. 'Wilkins earned two degrees fromChicago. She was Lucile Robinson, '21, AM'39. She is a former Chicago school teacher.Two of the Wilkins sons have degreesfrom the Harvard Law School and the third(the eldest) has three degrees from Chicago.He is J. Ernest, Jr., '40, SM '41, PhD '42. Heads Research ProgramDr. David M. Gans, SB '26, SM '27, PhD'29, was recently appointed director of re­search of The Arco Company, manufactur­ers of automotive, industrial, and other spe­cial coatings.A member of the Chicago chemistry fac­ulty from 1929 to 1935, Dr. Gans is well­known for his writings on surface phenom­ena and colloid chemistry, nuclear disinte­gration, and spectroscopy. He holds a num­ber of patents on pigments, inks, and tex­tile printing media.The belles are singingThe Sigmas, two-time winners of the Interclub Sing,will be on hand the night of June I I to brighten up theInterfraternity songfest.Another Day • . .Fraternity men gather 'round the Hutchinson Courtfountain for one of the 38 annual Sings held on 38 Juneevenings of past years. Reunion HighlightsThe June issue of TOWER TOPICS, carrying the official andcomplete program for Reunion Week, should have reached youlong since.,In the following brief outline you will find only one new itemof information: Alumni to be cited.Tuesday, June 78:00 P. M. A New Birth of Freedom Mandel HallJudge Florence E. Allen of ClevelandWednesday, June 82:30 P. M. Campus Tour From Alumni Lounge8:00 P. M. Medical Panel Mandel HallThursday, June 92:30 P. M, Clinics Tour From Alumni Lounge6:00 P. M. Buffet Dinner Quadrangle Club8:30 P. M. Revels Program .....•............ Mandel HallFriday, June 102:30 P. M. Science. Tour From Alumni Lounge8:00 P. M. Alumni Assembly Mandel HallCitation Awards (see list below)Alumni Gift PresentationReport to Alumni-President' Colwell"The Road Ahead"-Clifton M. UtleyAmos Alonzo Stagg will be an honored guestSaturday, June 1110:00 A. M.-on University Open House12:30 P. M. Alumnae Breakfast-Ida Noyes3:00 P. M. President's Reception8:45 P. M. Thirty-ninth Interfraternity SingSpecial events, including class reunions, have not been listed inthis brief outline.Alumni to be Cited June 10George H. Sawyer, '99 Bloomington, IndianaFrank L. Griffin, '03 , ' Portland, OregonDr. Marie G. Ortmayer, '06 .........•................. ChicagoGeorge R. Martin, '07 Los AngelesDr. Anne Marie Wever Durand, '10 GermanyMrs. John L. Hancock, '11 (Margaret L. Campbell) ChicagoMrs. Nena Badenoch, '12 (Nena Wilson) .... � ... River ForestMrs. Gerald D. Rahill, '12 Caldwell, New JerseyRalph W. Davis, '16 Geneva, IllinoisOlive Greensfelder, '16 � ChicagoPaul Garrett Blazer, '17 Ashland, KentuckyJames M. Nicely, '20 New York CityLloyd P. Johnson, '23 MinneapolisOlga Adams, '24 ; ChicagoAllin K. Ingalls, '24 ...........•.... � : . Chicago, ' Joe P. Smith, '24 ; Jacksonville, Illinois2From the o�icial record of the/I subversive activities II hearings-SPRINGFIELD SUMMARYBy William V. Morgenstern, '20, J.D.'22THE investigation by the Subversive Activities Com­mission of the Illinois legislature into "any and allsubversive activities which may now exist" at theUniversity (and Roosevelt College) is virtually con­cluded. The hearings, April 21-23, developed absolutelyno evidence and made no attempt to do so. This com­pletely negative result was inevitable, for no such activityhas ever existed at the University. The position of Chair­man of the Board Laird Bell and of Chancellor RobertM. Hutchins that there are no Communists on the staffof the University and that there is no Communist in­doctrination stands unchallenged.A rump session of the hearing still remains because ofa last-gasp effort of some members of the Commissionto give some sanction of legitimacy to a proceeding thatwas conceived in hysteria, ignorance, and malice. Sincethis added session will inquire only into the exactness ofaffidavits of seven faculty members answering' the chargesof a "surprise" witness that they were members' of so­called "Communist fronts," this session is of slight import.From the start, the investigation has had an air offutility; even before the hearings got underway many ofthe legislators who whooped, the resolution through hadmisgivings about their action. Conducted by J. B.Matthews, an imported professional red-Hunter who hadthe limitations of his type, the hearings were perfunctoryand meaningless because there just was nothing to workwith, except the old Dies Committee method of guilt byassociation-and remote association at that.A familiar ringFurther, the investigation device has lost much of itspersuasiveness with the country at large since the days ofthe Walgreen investigation of 1935. People have had along time to become familiar with the sleazy- innuedoesand the unsubstantiated assertions of a proceeding inwhich anything .may be said with immunity under theguise of legislative privilege, and none of the protectionsof legal procedure are provided. They do not give thefull credence to these irresponsible performances theyonce did.This time the University had some stalwart assistance.The reporting of the proceedings was, with few excep­tions, fair and competent throughout. The Chicago DailyN eios and the Sun-Times gave vigorous editorial supportto the U niversity, ,both in demandi�g some responsibility in the conduct of the hearings and in interpreting theresults. The Chicago Tribune) neutral editorially, re­ported the hearings for what they were worth. The Sun­Times columnist, Milburn P. Akers, wrote a series ofhumorously satirical essays that had a wide readership,including all the legislators. Those who weren't on theCommission were happy they were not; those on it weresquirming, for Akers stung them with ridicule. Over thecountry, such papers as the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, theKansas City Star, the New York Times, the New r arkHerald-Tribune) and the Lindsay chain in downstateIllinois, among others, reported and interpreted the, in­vestigation at a high level.And on our sideIn the Commission itself the University had some ef­fective supporters. Senators Norman Barry and RonaldLibonati, and Rep. Charles Jenkins, all of Chicago,fought consistently for the right of cross-examination andother rules of procedure that would protect the Univer­'sity's interest. They were stubbornly opposed by Sen.Paul Broyles, chairman of the Commission, and his hiredhenchman, Matthews, the reformed fellow-traveller. Thethree legislators walked out of a meeting the night beforethe first hearing in a fight over the rules, an action sorevealing of the intentions of Matthews that the remain­ing members finally adopted most of the three, men'sprogram. Again, in the open hearing, they were success­ful in an effort to obtain the right of a preliminary state­ment by witnesses, a most important privilege in thepresentation of the University's case.Lest all this lead to the conclusion that the investigationwas helpful to the University, it should be observed oncemore that it is impossible to win in such a proceeding.Though absolutely nothing was proved, and though thereis considerable sophistication about these undertakings,there are still a discouraging number of people who forma conclusion from the mere fact there was an investiga­tion. Only the alert minority judges such a proceedingfor what it is. The only direct benefit the reluctance on the part of the present legisla­tors to embark again on such an expedition.In a fundamental sense, of course, the University didwin a victory. It reasserted its faith in academic freedom,and reiterated its determination to practice it. It struckback with effect against infringement on the much34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbroader area of rights and privileges of the citizen underthe Constitut.ion. One immediate result of the fiasco ofthe Commission was the Senate's burial of the Broylesappropriation bill for $75,000 t.o cont.inue his group dur­ing the coming biennium. The Appropriat.ions Com­mittee refused to move the bill, and when Broyles tookthe fight to the floor he was beaten 36-10. The series ofBroyles bills to control thought under the guise of sup­pressing Communism are not now likely to pass theHouse, though they were quickly approved in the Senatebefore the investigation. All these are important andbasic benefits, . but relatively few people are going toappreciate that the University was making a fight, notonly for itself, but for them.The chancellor was calledThe hearings began on a Thursday afternoon, withChancellor Hutchins as thefirst witness. Under the pro­cedure adopted by a majority of the Commission,Matthews did all the questioning. Altogether, there wereeight witnesses 'called, of whom only the last, HowardRushmore, a Hearst reporter, was affirmative forMatthews. Except for the ad lib testimony with whichMatthews loaded his questions, or injected into his in­terrogation, the only information produced to demon­strate the great subversion was that of Rushmore.The only clarity and drama the proceedings everachieved were supplied by Mr. Hutchins. He openedthe hearings with a clear-cut statement of the University'sposition (See Tower Topics, June, '1949, for the text),which . he elucidated through two hours of bumblingcross-examination by Matthews. The statement met theMatthews case head-on, with the assertions that therewere neither Communists nor Communist teaching atthe University; that the University refused to accept theun-American doctrine of guilt by association; that therewas o� the quadrangles a student' Communist Club ofeleven members for the study of Marxian principles, andthat it was an organization legal under the law of Illinois.For good, measure, Mr. Hutchins told the Commissionwhat he thought of the Broyles bills. They were unneces­sary, unconstitutional, and un-American, because theyaimed at thought control.If Matthews expected to find' Mr. Hutchins a timid,hedging, or Icon fused witness he was horribly surprised.Mr. Hutchins treated the proceedings with dignity andcourtesy, but occasionally Matthews' examination ap­proached the ludicrous. Once, when Matthews was com­plaining about the associations of Robert Morss Lovett,emeritus professor of English, and of Maud Slye, associateprofessor emeritus of pathology, he demanded to knowwhy the University continued to lend its prestige to them.It was necessary for Mr. 'Hutchins, at great length, toexplain to Matthews that "emeritus" meant retired, andthat nothing could change the fact that a professor whohad attained that status had it until he died. Of mice and menMiss Slye worried Matthews badly; he kept recurringto her, and the record of one section of the examinationruns like this:"Is Dr. Maud Slye on the faculty 'of the University ofChicago?"Mr. Hutchins : "You will recall, I think, that she islisted as 'emeritus.'""That is correct."Mr. Hutchins: "Dr. Slye retired many years ago afterconfining her attention for a considerable period ex­clusively, to mice.""Dr. Maud Slye was an associate professor emeritus;this is the latest obtainable directory."Mr. Hutchins: "'Emeritus' means retired.""She is retired on pension?"Mr. Hutchins: "Oh, yes.""And has at least the prestige of the University ofChicago to some degree associated with her name, inas­much as she is carried in the directory of the University?"Mr. Hutchins: "I don't see how we can deny the factthat she had been all her life a member of the facultyof the University. She was, one of the most distinguishedspecialists in cancer we have seen in our time.""Are you acquainted with the fact that Dr. Slye hashad frequent affiliations with so-called Communist-frontorganizations ?"Mr. Hutchins: "I have heard that she has had so-calledfrequent associations with so-called Communist-front or­ganiza tions.""Is it the policy of the University to ignore such affili­ations on the part of members of the faculty?"Mr. Hutchins: "As I have indicated, Dr. Slye's associ­ations were confined on our campus to mice. She couldnot, I think; have done any particular harm to our stu­dents even if she had been so minded. To answer yourdirect question, however, I am not aware that Dr. Slyehas ever joined any organization advocating the over­throw of the government by force and violence.""May I ask if in your educational theory there is notsuch a thing as indoctrination by example?"Mr. Hutchins: "Of mice?"Later, Matthews silkily sought Mr. Hutchin's endorse­ment of ·President Truman's use of "traitors-in themoral sense" for members of the Communist party. Tothat Mr. Hutchins replied � "You will forgive me forsaying there is some question whether we should mold Ourvocabulary on the President's." Matthews quit abruptlyat that, almost before the crowded galleries had come toorder.Mr. Hutchins then concluded his appearance with abrief summary statement:"I believe that there is a fundamental difference be­tween the Iine of questioning that has been pursued and(Continued on Page 16)... .,.·�:.r··-·· ....t"-:, • .;( :....",:.•.•.• ,.,.. ••...•• �':- <>: /.- .•..;; ...._'..", -_ THE RISING EAST.... .......... �.-.:� ,." ; .. , .....• •t ....; \, .• -. . »: -;. ... .. ..: :_, .. -:- ,:..... :.�.. - " ..The old colonial world ofSouth Asia is speaking withits own voice - the Westwould do well to listenFrom AmericaPhillips TalbotWITH America's traditional Far Eastern policysunk in the quicksands of China, this countryis inevitably launched upon a reexamination ofthe whole Asian scene. One of the marks of our timeswhich policy makers are discovering is that Americanthought on the Far East can no longer confine itself toEast Asia. A new zone, South Asia - embracing theformer colonial dependencies from India to the Phi­lippines-is bubbling with activity and stepping into asignifican t world role.Before the latest war South Asia was "easy," so faras the United States was concerned. True, we occa­sionally stuck pins into our British cousins over India,aNd we watched political idealists join hands with do­mestic tariff interests to produce the Philippines Inde­pendence Act.But officially we classed India, Burma, Ceylon andMalaya under Britain; the Indies under the Netherlands, and Indo-China under France. The State Departmentconveniently dealt with those crowded Asian landsthrough its Western European desks.What has happened today? The United States isstill chiefly concerned-and rightly so-with Europe andthe Far East, particularly with the Bear whose un­natural shadow falls both eastward and westward. Yet.gradually we are perceiving in South Asia an area thathas changed out of recognition internally, in relationto the Far East, and vis a vis the Western World.A mere catalog of political transitions since the warillustrates the ferment that permeates the southern fringeof Asia and its off-lying islands. Besides the previouslypromised freedom that devolved on the Philippines,.India has become independent and Pakistan has beencreated as a separate nation, Burma has broken awayfrom colonial rule so precipitately that even the looseBritish Commonwealth ties were snapped, Ceylon hasbecome a �ominion of the Commonwealth, Malaya aridSingapore have come under new constitutions, and thepeoples of Indonesia and Indo-China have defaced anddisfigured the old Dutch and French colonial systems.Everywhere in the region the Europeans are eitherout or on the skids. No buffers remain between theUnited States in its new world power position and abloc of peoples that add up to a quarter of the earth's56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEpopulation. That bloc, furthermore, is beginning tospeak with a voice strong enough to influence interna­tional affairs.Clear examples of the new situation constantly ap­pear. India denied Dutch planes the right to passageafter the December offensive in Indonesia. Nineteennations met at New Delhi to press the U.N. to stronger,action against the Dutch. India and Pakistan declaredtheir opposition (joining Russia) to the Anglo-Americanplan for disposition of Italian colonies in Asia.India is a natural leader of this resurgent zone. It isnot only the largest country in the area (and, since thecrack-up of China, the world's greatest mass of peopleunder a single government), but both economically andpolitically it is relatively advanced and well-balanced,and it is guided' by a man, Jawaharlal Nehru, who isdeeply conscious of the world outside.Thus the strengths and weaknesses of India meanmuch to the future of South Asia's smaller countries.They may fear India's strengths, for, as one delegateto the 1947 Asian Relations Conference said, there isno desire to exchange white imperialism for brown. Butat present they fear the weaknesses more. An India inchaos, alongside a China in chaos, would virtually doomthe new nationalisms of the tropical Far East.India's leaders are conscious of the lessons to belearned from the Kuomintang Revolution's rapid descentfrom Great Power status to collapse. They are thereforestruggling first for internal stability.They have won important initial successes. WhenBritish rule ended and the new, Governments of Indiaand Pakistan were immediately confronted with thePunjab massacres, which turned ten million people intorefugees during one of the most vicious religio-politicaloutbreaks of recent times, the survival value of bothregimes seemed doubtful. Since then, however, Pakistanhas gained equilibrium and India has surmounted a suc­cession of political issues.The strength and vigor of Independent India can bejudged against the challenges it has confronted. Oneof the first involved the SOO-odd Princely States. Ma­harajas had ruled as semi-autonomous monarchs underBritish suzerainty and some wanted to remain apart fromfree India. Yet today the great majority are hardlymore than political pensioners. Their territories hav�been merged into neighboring Provinces or lumped to­gether into comparable administrative units. No Princeremains in a position to challenge the constitutionalgovernment.The next step was to pull the fangs of potentially. Phillips Talbot is visiting assistant professor of!oliticalscience at the University of Chicago. He studie at theUniversity of JI:linois and at the School of Oriental andAfrican Studies at the University of London, and in -1939he began a nine year_ period of study and work in -the FarEast. As researcher, naval attache and foreign correspond­ent (Chicago Daily News) he' acquired a many-facetedpicture of the situation there. dissident political groups. These included some of theextreme religious-cum-political bodies, such as the Sikhswho wanted a Sikh kingdom in northern India and amilitant Hindu body called the Rashtriya Swayam SevakSangh, or R.S.S.S., which declared its intention of mak­ing India a Hindu State rather than a secular State.(Indian Muslims subsided into passive acquiescence afterPakistan was created.) The assassination of Gandhigave the Government the opportunity it needed to sup­press or divert these groups. While religio - politicalfeeling remains strong, the Government saved itself dur­ing the weak initial months and seems now situated tocope with any further threats of this kind.The t:venty-fifth ann�al Institute of the Norman Waite HarrisFoundation ." l�ternatlo�a.1 Relations, held May 25 through 29und:r th� dl�ectlon of P.hdllps Talbot, concerned "Nationalism andReqionelisrn In South Asia."Forty specielis+s in Far Eastern affairs came from Europe, Asiaand' this country to discuss the problem. Among them were J SFournivall, adviser to the Government of Independent Bur�a:Cora Du Bois, Chief of the Southern Areas Regien, Division .ofR�search fer the Far East, U. S. Department .of State; and Briga­dier. General Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine delegate to the UnitedNations.T�e proceedings of the Institute will be published as the silveranniversary volume ()If the Harris Foundation series.Another threat was the Communist movement. Inearly 1949 the Communist party, which is tiny but in­fluential in key trade unions and in some agrarian areas,challenged the Government to a showdown over a railstrike. The Government, acting more vigorously thanthe earlier British rulers had been accustomed to actingagainst Indian nationalists, jailed hundreds of Com­munist leaders before the day set and saved the situa­tion, at least for the time being.Communist agitation highlights an even more danger­ous challenge to the young Indian administration, how­ever. Economically the country has not yet won itsbattle for security. Inflationary pressures increasedthroughout 1948. Drastic measures, including the sacri­fice of popular developmental plans, held the index levelearly in 1949, but many social groups suffered fromthe high prices and scarcity of essential goods. Forhun­dreds of thousands of people, food stocks were short.Only when food and inflation are under control can theGovernment be said to be building on firm founda­tions.In an examination of India's internal strength thequestion of Indo-Pakistan relations is central. The newMuslim-majority nation of Pakistan was torn out ofIndia's traditional lands with all the bitterness that canaccompany a civil war. Since partition and independ­ence the two countries have frequently acted like enemies .Their dispute over possession of Kashmir, in whose�ountain fastnesses Admiral Nimitz is now trying todiscover a settlement, very nearly led to war. Theagreement to cease fire in Kashmir has eased Indo­Pakistan relations all along the way, however. If it(Continued on Page 15)Outpost •In anFrom AustraliaEmerson E. LynnAUSTRALIA is watching the changing face ofAsia with uneasy approval and growing appre­,hension.A natural sympathy for the under-dog is counteractedby a deep-seated fear of being swallowed whole by the"colored hordes of the Pacific."Now .more than ever before she feels herself "alonely out-post of Western civilization in the midst ofan alien sea'."Geographical isolation from England and the Westhas strengthened rather than weakened her determina­tion to maintain every tie, cultural, racial, and eco­nomic.She early decided on a strict "White Australia" policywhich barred anyone not more than fifty per cent"white." Three factors make oriental immigration seemcontrary to her national interest.1. The economic fear of cheap labor which wouldlower the standard of living and might wreck the tradeunion movement.2. The feeling that people of a different language,culture, and way of life could never be effectively as­simulated into her homogenuous culture (Australia is95 percent British by extraction).3. The high birth rate of orientals before assimila­tion into Western civilization make it seem possible thatthey would soon be the predominant race.To a large -proportion of her population the WhiteAustralia policy was the beginning and end of her Pa­cific Policy. Her trade with the West kept her pros­perous. The British navy kept her safe.Thus, until the last few years, Australia has e:A:'ec­eively denied the existence of Asia. They saw in theirthousand million neighbors only vast masses differentfrom them in custom, culture, and color. They hidtheir eyes from the sight.World War II and its aftermath have made this iso­lation impossible. Japan demonstrated with terriblefinality that Australia, unaided, lay helpless before thedesigns of any Asiatic power well armed and equipped.The British navy was no longer mistress of the Pacific.Today Australia draws a mental map minus the Pa­cific ocean and finds herself surrounded by an Asia fastshaking herself loose from Western control- an Asiaseething with turmoil and revolt, and demanding treat­ment as an equal.Leaders of public opinion are beginning to work fora positive policy. This movement is amorphous as yetbut there emerge several main points upon which thereis substantial agreement.First, the "White Australia" policy should be con­ducted in such a way 'as to avoid, offending the suscep- Alien Seatibilities of the peoples excluded from settlement. Mostoften mentioned as a solution is the adoption of a quotasystem similar to that used by the United States.Second, that more attention should be paid to thehistory, customs, and culture of Asia. It is argued thatAustralia cannot take her place in the family of Pacificnations without knowing something about her neigh­bors.Third, that positive programs of aid should be ex­tended to raise the standard of living in backward areas.Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australia's foreign Secretary,has taken the lead in these last two points."Peace and security," Dr. Evatt maintains, "... canbe achieved only by building a way of life in the Pacificin which the varied nations can live together ... [wemust] prepare plans which take into account the legiti­mate aspirations of the people . . . [we "must] provideimproving standards for all peoples of the Pacific."Under his leadership, Australia has supported the In-'donesians against the Dutch in the Security C�uncil ofthe United Nations.There is a large group, however, who feel that Aus­tralia would reap a bitter harvest from any attempt toWesternize Asia. They point in warning to the resultsthe U. S. gained from a similar policy, in Japan.Those in this category, however, who accept the endof European rule as inevitable find themselves in a di­lemma. They fear the rise of communism in the Eastas much as or more than they fear the present National­istic movements.Forced to the choice between evils, they lean toward. friendliness and aid to the Asian nationalists, fearingthat if they don't help, Russia will.This Machiavellian attitude is far more prevalantthan the humanitarian approach suggested by Dr. Evatt.If the intellectual element agrees on the necessity fora positive program toward the Pacific peoples, the im­mediate concern of the public is with defense.The memory of J apanese bombers over Darwin is stillsharp. Australia expected invasion. The possibility ofwar between Russia and the U. S. brings to Australiathe prospect of a Communist Asia surrounding her.She wants a Pacific Pact. She wants a weak Japanand a guarantee that Japan will stay weak. Many peo­ple here disagree with U. S. policy in Japan and com­(Continued on Page 12)Emerson E. Lynn '48 covered student activities for theMAGAZINE and University activities for the ChicagoTribune while he was in the College. Now on a RotaryInternational scholarship to the! University of Melbourne,AustraHa, he has heen studying the down-under picture ofAsiatic independence.7An Englishman looks atCulture in' Chi�agoBy SIR RICHARD LIVINGSTONE, PresidentCorpus Christi College, Oxford UniversityRECENTLY I was in Chicago-a disapPointing. city,if one expects any signs of the gangsterism forwhich it was once famous. I was indeed told thatthe long street stretching to the south from the railwaystation by which I arrived was one which policemen onlyentered in pairs. But it 'seemed innocent enough-a mix­ture apparently of saloons and mission rooms-and thegeneral look of the city as I entered it struck me as ratherlike Liverpool when one emerges from the Exchange Sta­tion there.But, beside the magnificent waterfront and the fineuniversity campus, I did see one very impressive and Ithink important thing in Chicago. The scene was a bigroom in a club. Round a table were seated some twenty­six men, leaders of the Chicago business world, and theirwives, who from eight P.M. to ten P.M. that evening dis­cussed Dostoevski's Crime and Punishment, its qualitiesas a novel, the moral problems it raises, what was themative of the hero in his crime, how far he satisfiedAristotle's view of the tragic hero, should punishment bepreventive or retributive and so on. Dr. Hutchins, thehead of the University, and one of his professors werepresent, but they said very little, striking in now and thenwith a comment or a question ; nearly all the talking anddiscussion was done by others. It 'was odd to find busi­ness men of this type, bankers, presidents of insurancecompanies and others (one of them was the head of thebiggest tailoring firm" in the U. S.) spending an eveningtalking about people like Dostoevski and Plato and Aris­totle, instead of playing bridge or going to a film ortheatre. I doubt if one could see such a scene in thiscountry.What is the explanation of this unusual phenomenon?Well, what I had been seeing was one of the classes inwhat is sometimes called the Great Books Scheme, and Imust now try and explain it.The originator of it is one of the most remarkable andSir Richard Livingstone's remarks about the impor­tant thing he had seen in Chicago were delivered lastDecember 10 over the British Broadcasting Corporation. original thinkers in American education, Robert Hutchins,the Chancellor of the University of Chicago, a man of atype uncommon among university administrators-for heis really interested in education-and of a type uncom­mon among educators, for he keeps his eyes not on whatis supposed to be happening in education but on whatis really happening. I think you might sum up thethought in his mind when he started these classes in fourstatements. First, western civilization has produced anumber of great books in philosphy, history, poetry, andscience, which deal with the fundamental problems thathave confronted mankind in every epoch. Second, thesebooks represent different views and so introduce us to thechief intellectual controversies. Their authors, the greatoriginal minds of our civilization, are also its greatestteachers, and through them we reach the best wisdom ofall ages, for our own enlightenment and for the under­standing of -contemporary problems. Third, it is absurdthat intelligent people should go through life in ignoranceof some of the finest and most significant works of man.Fourth, though these books can be read in private, weshall understand them much better and get much moreout of them if we also discuss them. Surely there is sometruth in these views, in this theory. It was in order toturn it into practice, that the Great Books classes cameinto being.Let me now say something about the way in which thescheme works. It involves a six year course of study, oneneedn't take the whole course unless one wishes, for eachyear's programme is complete in itself. There are eighteensessions a year, each lasting for two hours, at intervals ofa fortnight. At every session a book is discussed, the mem­bers of the group having read it beforehand. In eachyear's course the works chasen represent poetry, philos­ophy, science and history, and they are taken in chron­ological order in order to give an idea of the change anddevelopment of human thought. The first year's Coursebegins with Plato and Thucydides and passes on throughother authors such as St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas,Machiavelli, Montaigne, and Shakespeare, ending withRousseau, Adam Smith and Marx. The second yearBTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbegins with Homer and ends with Tawney's AcquisitiveSociety (Tawney is the only living author in the list andhis inclusion was due, I was told, to the lively admirationwhich one of the organizers of the scheme felt for hisbook.) The third year begins with Aeschylus and endswith Freud. And so on.Now what I had seen in that club at Chicago was oneof these classes at work. It was remarkable for the sortof people who took part in it. Never before have I seenso many diamond rings and pearl necklaces in a discussiongroup. But there are 850 other groups, with a total enroll­ment, rapidly growing, of 36,000 members. They expectto number 100,000 this autumn. Similar groups exist in250 towns of the U. S., not only in big cities like Chicago,San Francisco and N ew York, but in small country towns.Nor is the scheme confined' to the rich and highly edu­cated. The great majority of its members are anythingbut rich. One business man started it in his factory atIndianapolis with fourteen students, drawn both frommanagement and manual workers. In that factory thereare now several groups with a membership of 120, and hespoke to me of their interest and enjoyment. They take,he said, to Plato and Aristotle as if it was something theyhad wanted to do but never had the chance of doing.Aristocracy in excelsisWhat are the adv:antages of this scheme and what arethe objections to it? First the objections. People say;"How can these mixed audiences really understand, Platoand Aristotle; most of them know little or nothing eitherof the authors or of the Greek civilization that is theirbackgrourid. In a place like Chicago they can no doubtfind scholars to help them; but in the ordinary countrytown the leader of a group will be a blind man leading theblind." That sounds plausible; up to a point it is true.But doesn't it prove a little too much? If it is true, itcuts off all but a small minority from reading most of thegreatest books in the world, from all contact with some ofthe finest creations of the human mind. These things, itsays, are for the very few; the vast majority of mankindcan't understand them. Trespassers will be, not pros­ecuted indeed, but warned off. That surely is aristocracyin excelsis; and I am sure it is a wholly wrong view.No doubt a trained student will understand Aeschylus,Plato, Erasmus and Pascal better than the man in thestreet; but that does not mean that the ordinary man can­not get a lot out of them. Am I not allowed to readDante because he is full of contemporary allusions andmy knowledge of his period is almost nil? Or Shake-.speare, because if I had to, do a paper on him in theOxford Honours.School of English Literature, I should belucky to get a fourth class? Am I not to look at a pic­ture by Velasquez or Cezanne, because I shall under­stand and appreciate it far less than a painter or artcritic would? Are you going to postpone any acquain­tance with these great things to a day when we are allsufficiently educated to understand them-a day that 9will never come? No, No. Sensible people read greatbooks and look at great pictures' knowing very littleof Plato or Dante or Cezanne, or of the influenceswhich moulded the thought of art of these men, quiteaware of their own ignorance, but in spite of it gettinga lot out of what they read or see.The less I knowI am encouraged in this view by some words of amodern writer. He says, "In my own experience ofthe appreciation of poetry I have always found that theless I know about the poet and his work, before I be­gan to read it, the better. An elabor.ate preparation ofhistorical and biographical knowledge has always beento me a barrier. It is better to be spurred to acquirescholarship because you enjoy the poetry, than tosuppose that you enjoy the poetry because you haveacquired the scholarship. I was passionately fond ofcertain French poetry long before I could have trans­lated two verses of it correctly." The writer of thosewords is Mr. T. :S. Eliot, a man who cannot be accusedof slipshod scholarship.And of course the really important things in thesegreat works are within the comprehension of any intel­ligent person. Take Aristotle's famous saying, "TheState comes into existence in order that men may live;it exists in order to enable them to lead the good life."Or Plato's words, "Goodness is the health, the beauty,the well-being of the soul; evil is its disease, its deformity,its ill-being." Surely these are within most people'spower to understand and discuss.As one of the group remarked to me, "A banker anda servant-girl are equally capable of being interestedby Aristotle's views on happiness because both of themare interested in happiness." I don't believe in the ex­clusiveness which implies that if you can't fully under­stand a masterpiece, you can get nothing out of it-thatisn't true. I don't agree that these great works are tobe merely the private domain of experts; that's per­nicious.Contact with the first rateBut what do people get out of reading and discuss­ing these great books? I asked that question of one ofthe organisers. "Well," he said, "it makes people think;it sharpens their critical, powers; it makes them thinkabout what is great, and it brings them in contact withthe first rate.""Yes", you may say, "but there are plenty of discus­sion classes in 'this country. What is there particularlynovel or advantageous in this scheme you have beendescribing ?" Well, I think that the Great Book classeshave an advantage over ordinary discussion groups,which of course equally well sharpen the critical powersand make people think. But if you discuss Plato or Pascalor Shakespeare or Dostoevski or' Nietsche or Marx, you(Continued on Page" 12)Democracy and economic �reedomcan realize on earth the goalsthe older faiths heve vainly soughtPART II:For a new age-A. NEW RELIGIONBy A. Eustace HeydenMAN started out in the beginning to build a goodlife on the earth. Religion really is the centraltheme of human history. Religion is the drivingcompelling thing through which human desires have beenreaching out for fulfillment, age after age. It has beenman's effort to build the good society as a soil in whichhuman happiness should grow in harmonious relation­ship. But if you look back over the history of the world,and the history of cultures, you will see quite clearlythat man has blundered, failed to achieve his purposes,largely because he didn't have the knowledge or the toolsor the technique to organize society in such a way as tolead desires to fulfillment in socially safe ways.Society always broke down through conflict. Man'seffort to build the good world ended in fu tili ty not be­cause he couldn't dream of what he wanted, but becausehe didn't know how to organize custom and institutionand human habit in ways that embodied his ideal.Speaking from the standpoint of religion-and worldreligion-what we need if we are to have religion as areinforcement of the peace drive is to go back to thefundamental meaning of religion in the history of man.That does not mean theology; and it does not mean thetraditional institutions of religion. And it does not meanthe compensatory hopes of the religions as you knowthem. These belong to an age that is dead. They have noadequacy as an approach to the problems of the modernworld.That is why the men who have been speaking for thechurches in '41 and '42 and '43, while the war was on,were much more realistic.They said, "We have to go to work upon the prob­lems of human relations. We have to work upon thepolitical problems; the economic problems"; the prob­lems involved in the basic understanding of what manis as a planetary being."Notice they said, "We have to insist upon the freed­oms-freedom of speech, of course; freedom of press; ofassembly; freedom of worship." But they went on to say:"Freedom of scientific inquiry and teaching; freedom .from want and exploitation, everywhere; freedom tochoose your vocation; freedom to move about the worldin quest of the things which. would make for fuller per­sonal development." These basic freedoms are essential if you're going toguarantee to a human being a satisfactory life upon theearth.These men who are talking realistically say to us thatwe have to organize our economic system so as to bringjustice into human relationships. The economic structureof the world as it now. exists has not justified itself byits fruits, either on the local scene or on the wide theatreof the world. It has created maladjustment in human re­lationships. It has been wasteful of the earth's resources,and of the lives of men. It has constantly thwarted thedevelopment of human personality, and it has beengeared not to the service of human welfare but to themaking of profit; and we'll have to consider whether itwill not be necessary to re-organize our total economicstructure to put under State control those phases of itwhich best serve in that way; under cooperative controlthose that serve best in that way; under private enter­prise those that can be most effective in that way.,But one thing we must be certain of, and that is thatproduction is for use, and that it must make for thedevelopment of human personality. Therefore, you mustguarantee opportunity; freedom; happiness; security; andpeace to men on the earth.You could go into very specific details if you pickedup the Oxford Conference, and the Delaware Confer­ence, and the Malvern Conference, and put together thethings that they slay. They insist that men must be givenopportunity-free equal opportunity; economic secur­ity. They must be given decent housing and a chance forlife under decent conditions; they must have a choice inoccupation; they must be free from anxiety in regardto unemployment and illness and old age."Economic democracy," they say, "must go side byside with a perfected political democracy."And one of the statements adds, "There is a kind ofatheism in our indifference toward the kind of economicThis article is Part II of a lecture delivered by ProfessorEmeritus A. Eustace Haydon in the series of nine lectureson Approaches to Pe�ce �iven this past .winter unde'r. thesponsorship of the University and the Chicago Council onForeign Relations. The entire series will be printed by theChicago Council on Foreign Relations. 16 South Mich.igan Ave., and available for purchase this September.10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEstructure we are willing to tolerate."This gets down to the basic problem, and it is madeby churchmen, too-but a very small group of church­men, who probably wouldn't be followeci' by the menwho pay the bills.Then they say-I carryon the statem nt-"We musthave a full, free life; opportunity for every human be­ing. There must be no segregation, no discrimination, norulings made against any individual because of color orrace or creed or national origin or political opinion."And they move on from that to say, "On the basisof this economic foundation and this guarantee of in­dividual opportunity, we must organize the nations intosome kind of world federation so that the economic re­sources of the earth may be shared; SD that these conflictsbetween nations may be solved before they result in con­flict-a world government at last."Now, these are churchmen talking, and that comes tothe point that I want to make specifically, and really thewhole point of what I have to say-all the rest has beenjust preliminary detail, trimmings, fringes-religion isthe central theme of the planet's life. Man has been on theearth, wrestling for a million years to find security andmake a home for himself on the planet. All the culturesand all the religions have been just his blundering ways offeeling his way toward that goal. And all the multitudi­nouS forms of theology and institution which you call re­ligion have been the various multi-form embodiments ofthis quest.But the important thing is that now man has theknowledge and the resources and the tools and themethod by means of which he could actually build thegODd world; create the kind of society that would embodyhis dream; and make a harmonious world of human re­lationships, so that every individual would have a chancefor fullness of life.Do you see what that means?That means that we can carryon to make up for thefailure of the Christian religion in the 13th Century­the Christian world, responsible for rriost of these thingswhich have devastated our life and shaken the pillarsof the old structure of the lazy, slow-footed cultures ofthe past; Christianity, that has given us the new scienceand the machines, and has torn all the basic foundationsout from under the ancient cultures of the world, had achance in the 13th Century to preserve a cultural syn­thesis. You remember, at that time the Christian Churchwas in control of every single phase of culture. It notonly talked about the other world (it did plentyof that),but it also laid its hand up�n politics; upon trade andbusiness; it had all the education; it had all the philoso­phers; it wrote the specifications for the artists.And what happened?Did that, Church which had grown constantly in itsthinking-molding, altering and changing its doctrinefrom the 1st Century to the 13th Century-go out tomeet the " new science; to build a new way of think- 11ing; to build its doctrines in terms of what science hadto say about the Universe and Man?Not at all.Entrenched in its orthodoxy of dogma; tied in that'rigid authoritarianism, it refused to move; and the wholeworld went out, away from it, until you have what YDUcall the "secular world" --apart from religion; and pol­itics, economics, education, philosophy-all the .sciences-and art-cDnsciously were divorced from any sense ofresponsibility to religion.Worse than that-they didn't have any sense of unityor any consciousness of social responsibility, each one go­ing off on its own, with the result that you have this cha­otic world; the world of maladjustments; the world oftragic dislocations; the world of broken hearts; the worldof devastated lives-all these vast sections of the earthover which this tragic horror of war has rolled its giantform.Now, if the Church had only been willing to movewith new truth and new problems-and I don't say theCatholic Church alone because the Protestant denom­inations did exactly the same thing-we might have beensaved from our modern tragedy. •Now we face the fact that if we are going to have avital religion, if we are going to carry on the thing thatreligion started to do, if we are going to have a new em­bodiment of religion, then we have to have a new syn­thesis of culture-a mosaic of world cultures now, gath­ered into a unity of cooperation on the world scale­united as humanity is united in a common purpose, with.a goal, a program, and a world view.That means, of course, that we shall have to challengeall the sciences to service; to loyalty. It means we willhave to challenge the economic leaders, the politicalleaders, the leaders of education, the great artists, toloyalty. These phases of our civilization are not autonom­ous. They have no. right to stand off on their own feetwithout accepting responsibility.They have one responsibility, and that is to serve thecommonweal. And every single phase of culture shouldbe harnessed to the creation of values to be shared byall men.This is the challenge, and this is the thing whichmight make religion effective-practical; and this is thething that these leaders of the religions have been talk­ing about when they say, "We must solve our economicproblem; we must tackle these political issues; we mustguarantee opportunity for human beings; we must make. sure of harmonious relationships."After all, what is the central thing? The human being!Did you notice that when UNESCO made its state­ment on human rights, it didn't do what the churchesdo. It didn't do as the oriental philosopher would doand say, "Man is magnificent and glorious becau-se heis divine," or, "Man has rights because he's a Son ofGod." They didn't find it necessary or possible to saythat.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWhat they said is, "Because he's a human being, hehas inherent dignity and worth." And it is this develop­ment of the opportunity for the individual, and the learn­ing of the art of living in human relations that is thegreat task of culture, and the central task of religion.Only now, you see, it will mean that religion will beled not by men specialized in theology, �ot by men whohave been ordained, upon whom the hands of somespecial miraculous grace have been placed. The relig­ious leaders of this new modern religion will be "sec­ular," to use that word in quotes. They will be the law­years, and the businessmen, and the scientists, and theworkers, and the artists-men who know how to handleproblems in the light of scientific method and taking allthe facts of the situation into account. .They will build the ideal for humanity in the directionof the old goal of a world embodying love and justiceand brotherhood and peace; but they will move, step bystep, through the near-at-hand ideal which grows outof the solution of specific problems-always in the di­rection of the larger vision of the human ideal.Religion which talks from the outside, making itspreachments against a . secular world, must always bedoomed to failure and futility. Religion as the dynamic,direction-giving, unifying drive of a secular culture, canreally create the sunlit environment in which men maylearn the meaning and practicality, of love and brother­hood and justice and peace.That means, you see, that we're going to have in thisstrange thing that you call "democracy," the actual em­bodiment of religion through the ages. It's too bad thatthe traditional religions didn't move; but you can't damup the hunger of human beings, and you can't hold themtethered to out-grown and out-worn loyalties. And youcan't stop the drivings of human desire as they reachout, knowing they can find fulfillment, toward the thingsthat fulfill desire.So, we're going to have this vital religion as the innercreative force. in our total culture, and on a world scale.It means that all men will be challenged. It means,that everyone who has talent and ability or capacity for .work will be challenged. It means that all men will ex­pect that all men will use their talents for the creationof values to be shared by all men. It means that everysingle one of us will he guaranteed a chance not only toenjoy but to create and to' work. It means that not onesoul will be lost and cast as rubbish to the void; buteveryone given an opportunity for the development ofall potentialities inherent in a worthful human being.It means that we shall have a great comradeship, a worldcitizenship; that we shall be heirs of all the cultures ofall the ages; that we shall be centers of creative power.But more than that, we shall be sharers in a magnificentjoy in living, of which we have not even yet dreamed.It means that. war as the embodiment of hatred andconflict and strife under those conditions would be un­thinkable. CULTURE(Continued from Page 9)are made not only to think but to think about a greatman. You are raised automatically above the level ofyour own mind' to the level of his-a level which fewpeople can reach by themselves. Surely something isgained by that. And with many of these authors youare raised not only to intellectual but to spiritual heights.Goethe somewhere says, "The thing that fetters us allis the commonplace, the ordinary-Das Gemeine." Every­one knows the truth of those words. We are tied down,all our days and for the greater part of our days, to thecommonplace. One has the sense of passing through theworld and missing so much of what is best in it-notthings remote and out of reach, but things which areround about us, however ordinary we and our lives may be.But we are fettered by the commonplace, by the routineof ordinary life and we don't open the mind's eye tosee beyond it. That is where contact with great thinkers,great literature helps. In their company we are still inthe ordinary world, but it is the ordinary world trans­figured and seen through the eyes of wisdom and genius.And something of their vision becomes our own.The world no doubt needs many things; but thereis nothing it needs more than this, the vision of great­ness and it is within the reach of anyone. That, I,think, is the chief value of these Chicago Great Booksclasses. They bring their members in touch with great­ness. And greatness is something that everyone needsto see. If a sense of it can pass into people's minds,something of it may pass into their lives too.AUSTRALIA(Continued from Page 7)plain that her industries are being re-built for U. S.strategic purposes and that the old militarists are backin power.Above all, she wants a more self-sufficient Australia.Industrialization begun in war-time is being continued.Immigrants are being accepted from all over Europe tofill the great need for manpower. Research centers forthe development of atom power are being established.A large Australian merchant marine is being planned.Any elaborate program designed to establish Australiaas the Big Brother of the Pacific therefore waits onpeace.Her leaders and her people are beginning to realizethe necessity for a constructive program towards Asiabut the memory of the last war and the threat of an­other act as powerful deterrents and are side-trackingmajor efforts toward defense and away from the diffi­cult task of coordinating Australia's way of life 'withthat of her Pacific neighbors.NEWS. OF THE QUADRANGLESFOR the first time, a segment of the -nervous systemin a mammal has been made to work outside thebody.Basic research which offers possibilities for determininghitherto unknown chemical steps in metabolism and whichmay open new avenues for the study of diseases whichaffect the nervous system was announced by Dr. Ralph W.Gerard and Robert D. Tschirgi, physiologists, at the Amer­ican Societies for Experimental Biology in Detroit.Applying for the first time to the nervous. system anartificial circulation technique, the University of Chicagoinvestigators removed the spinal cords of rats and keptthem at work for a day to study the chemical steps inmetabolism.Under artificial respiration, the chest and abdomen ofthe rat are opened, and the length of the spinal cord iscut out and placed in a small trough. Functioning of the'nervous system is maintained by continually feeding ofsynthetic or real blood through the cord arteries, first bya syringe and later by an elaborate pumping system.To test the functioning of the spinal cord, the sensorynerve roots (the dorsal roots) are stimulated and theelectrical impulse in the motor nerve roots (ventral roots)is measured after amplification on a cathode ray oscillo­scope.Five substances, Dr. Gerard and Tschirgi discovered,can replace the normal glucose (simple sugar) as' thesource of energy to keep the reflexes in the nervous sys­tem active.Until the new investigation, glucose was believed to bethe only chemical capable of .producing usa:ble energy inthe nervous system. The five substances substituting forglucose are: pyruvate, isocitrate, alpha ketoglutarate,glutamine and glutamate, all related to sugars or proteins.On the other hand, succinic acid, which is also relatedto glucose and which is burned vigorously by tissue, in­cluding nervous tissue, was a failure in supporting reflexfunction. The isolated spinal cord used succinic acid evenmore than glucose, but succinic acid failed to supportreflex response-the motor turned, but .the car failed torun.The isolation of the spinal cord, the physiologists pointedout, also offers scientists another technique for exploringthe action of drugs on the nervous system as well as forstudying diseases which affect the nervous system such asconvulsions, multiple sclerosis, and some of the insanities.First Ricketts awardsThe University of Chicago honored two of its distin-·guished alumni in the field of medicine with the firstHoward Taylor Ricketts award for 1949.The award, established by Mrs. H. T. Ricketts as anational honor in recognition of outstanding medicalwork, will be presented annually on May 3, the anniversaryof the death of her husband, Dr. Howard Taylor Ricketts, By JEANNETTE LOWREYwho fell victim to typhus fever while working in the fieldof typhus in Mexico City.The first medals were awarded to Dr. Ludvig Hektoen,professor emeritus and first chairman of the departmentof pathology who encouraged Dr. Ricketts in his re­searches on typhus, and to Dr. Russell Wilder, formerchairman of the department of medicine at the universityand now head of the division of medicine at MayoClinics. Dr. Wilder worked with Dr. Ricketts in MexicoCity. After the death of Ricketts, who was the firstto see the organisms in Rocky Mountain fever and typhusfever, he remained in Mexico City to complete Rick­etts' work.Census previewA preview of the 1950 census results for Chicago andthe standard metropolitan area will be made possibleby a sample census of 3,200 households canvassed undera joint project of the Chicago Community Inventory ofthe University of Chicago and the United States Bureauof the Census.The sample census, directed by Philip M. Hausen, pro­fessor of sociology, will provide information relating topopulation changes since the last census, the character­istics of the population, including age, sex, color, educa­tion, marriage, and family composition.Results of the sample census, planned for publicationduring the summer and fall of this year, will precedesome of the results of the seventeenth decennial censusto be taken in April 1950 by two and three years.Bleedi'ng controlledToluidine blue, a commercial dye which University ofChicago investigators discovered to be an effective meansof preventing or controlling hemorrhaging in animalsexposed to atomic radiation, has now been used to alle­viate excessive bleeding in patients.The first use of the dye, or its counterpart protaminesulfate (an extraction from fish eggs}; to control hemor­rhage in women patients after delivery or during men­strual periods is reported by Dr. J. Garrott Allen andeight other University of Chicago physicians from surgery,medicine and pediatrics.Use of the dye as a clotting agent in patients withmalignant blood disorders was also reported.Sixty-eight patients, the clinicians announce, were giventoluidine blue or protamine sulfate intravenously or intra­muscularly to prevent hemorrhaging. The value of tolui­dine blue as an antihemorrhagic agent was demonstrated,according to their study, to. control bleeding in 46 caseswhen all other methods had failed. Ten additional casesshowed improvement, and only 12 failed to respond tothe trea tmen t.Hemorrhagic complications _ of women patients af­flicted by sudden estrogen (female sex hormone) with­drawal responded to adequate toluidine blue and/or1314 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEprotamine sulfate, and once controlled presented nofurther problem.Patients with malignant blood diseases (leukemia) as­sociated with hemorrhage, who showed an increase in theprotamine titration' (a test which detects this clottingdefect) and in the whole blood clotting time, gave amore variable clinical response to toluidine blue therapy.Many showed an early response while others requiredthree to six days of therapy. In all patients, the clinicalresponse was paralleled by an improvement in the prota­mine titration. The whole blood clotting time was re­turned to or toward normal, although in some patientsit was never increased.Fermi and the cosmic raysA hypothesis that cosmic rays ongmate in interstellarspace when a tiny proton collides with a magnetic fieldin a huge galactic cloud has been presented by EnricoFermi, Nobel-prize physicist and member of the Institutefor Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago.The hypothesis, just published, was advanced lastDecember six years after the Italian-born scientist achievedthe first nuclear chain reactor under the west stands ofStagg Field. It was formulated on an idea originallyproposed by H. Alfven, a Swedish physicist, that thegalactic clouds in interstellar space carry magnetic fieldswith them as they move about.U sing this concept in the field of cosmic rays, Fermistates that the fast moving magnetic fields acting uponprotons in space would gradually accelerate them toenergies, ranging from about one billion volts-the limitthat is now supposed can be attained in the laboratorywithin a few years-to energies one million times larger.The magnetic field in the huge galactic cloud whichreacts with the proton charge according to. the laws ofelectricity and magnetism provides, according to Fermi,the mechanism for the seemingly impossible collisionof the proton and the cloud. .The acceleration process for the fastest of the protonsin the cosmic rays may take two-billion years, the ap­proximate lifetime of the present epoch. The slowerprotons have been accelerated for only one-hundredmillion years, the length of time mammals have beenon earth. The highest energy cosmic ray protons, ac­cording to this theory, are as old as the stars, but it isonly the exceptional proton which escapes energy lossesby collision for a long enough time to attain the highestspeed.This energizing process, according to the Fermi theory,is somewhat similar to that of a controlled chain re­action, in which neutrons that keep the reaction goingare, themselves, originated by neutrons.The majority of particles coming into the- earth'svicinity at these high energies appear to be protons ornuclei of hydrogen atoms, according to earlier researchby Marcel Schein, University of Chicago cosmic rayauthority. Five scientists for NASFive University of Chicago professors were honoredwith election to the National Academy of Sciences, theWashington, D. C. headquarters of the academy an­nounced.Four of the five new members of the National Academyof Sciences from the University of Chicago. Left to right:George W. Bartlemez, professor of anatomy; SaundersMacLane, professor of mathematics; Dr. Lowell T. Cog-. geshall, dean of the division of biological sciences and.chairman of the department of medicine, and William H.Zachariasen, chairman of the department of physics.Election of the five brings the total number of Uni­versity of Chicago members in the national honorarysociety of 449 members to 31.Newly elected members are: George W. Bartelmez,professor of anatomy; Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, dean ofthe division of biological sciences and chairman of thedepartment of medicine; Dr. Charles B. Huggins, pro­fessor of urology; Saunders MacLane, professor ofmathematics; and William H. Zachariasen, chairman ofthe department of physics.New light on the starsOff the Quadrangles from the University's astronomicallaboratories at Williams Bay, Wisconsin, and Fort Davis,Texas, the news concerns the discovery of a possiblesatellite to the planet Neptune and a new hypothesisfor the origin of the solar system.Gerard P. Kuiper, director of both Yerkes and Mc­Donald observatories, has announced from McDonald thejointly operated University of Chicago-University ofTexas observatory, the discovery of a possible satelliteto Neptune, the next to last planet in the solar system..Kuiper, who last year discovered the fifth satelliteto Uranus, has photographed a very faint and slowlymoving object close in the sky to Neptune. One milliontimes as faint as the faintest star that can be seen by thenaked eye, the object may possibly be, according toKuiper, the second satellite to Neptune. The first satel­lite, Triton, was discovered in 1864. Further researchon the 82-inch reflectory telescope, the third largest inthe world, will be necessary, he states, to ascertain if theobject is a satellite. .A hypothesis that the eclipsing double stars, A. W.Ursae Majoris, may after millions of years evolve a sys­tem of planets like the. solar system has been advancedfrom Yerkes by Otto O. Struve, Andrew MacLeish dis­tinguished professor of astrophysics.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThat pairs of stars which are in rapid rotation, oneabout the other, are. in the process of becoming planetarysystems was reported by Struve at the National Academyof Sciences meeting in Washington, D. C. ,Struve stated that if the theory is confirmed by furtherevidence it may be possible to estimate reliably how manystars have planets, how many of the planets are like theearth, and how many have developed life.In his hypothesis, Struve suggests that some stars maysplit in half and in the next stage of evolution (millionsof years later) become a system of planets.As the double stars slow down they eventually reacha point where their speeds can no longer counterbalancethe gravitational forces tending to pull them together.The twins form a single star about the mass of our sun,the rest of their substance, in the meantime, having formeda huge gaseous envelope, which, like the rings aroundSaturn, keeps whirling around the now single star. -This ring of cosmic gas, in its turn, breaks up in duecourse in small fragments, nine-tenths of the matter inthe gaseous envelope consists of the lighter elements,largely hydrogen gas, which floats off into interstellarspace. The heavier elements, constituting the remainingone-tenth, concentrate in the spaces between the frag­ments.It is these heavy remnants of the vast "placental"gaseous cloud that continue whirling around the parentsun, born as a result of the union of the erstwhile twinstars, according to the concept worked out by Dr. Struve.In the course of a 100,000,000 years, calculations indicate,the heavy remnants of the cosmic "placenta" condenseto form the planets, of a size and composition similar toMercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars and other merribers ofour solar system.RISING EAST(Continued from Page 6)proves durable, hoth . countries will be stronger thanwould otherwise be possible.If India and Pakistan, unlike China; maintain internalstability, their weight in South Asia is likely to be thrownagainst Communist encroachment there. The leadersof both countries look with concern on Communist ad­vances in East Asia, though many' of them are person­ally inclined more toward socialism than toward cap­italism. Nehru has already predicted, in words thatindicate his country's attitude, that Communists whopreviously gained strength by cooperating with N a­tionalists against imperial rule will now suffer as theytry to resist the main streams. of successful Nationalism.These comments : are not intended to suggest thatIndia is leading South Asia directly into the Westernorbit. On the contrary, it has resisted the sweetestblandishments of America and Britain, though it re­mains in the new, more-than-ever -elastic, Common­wealth. South Asians declare their intention to stayoutside all blocks and to judge international affairs against 15their own standards. As they show signs of being ableto hold to this policy, it might be well to examine theassumptions on which it is based. These are not en­tirely the same as ours.The first assumptien is that the time has come forAsia to play an important world role. To make thispossible, Asians must now run Asia. The remnants ofEuropean imperialism must be rooted out. Asian coun­tries must keep themselves from becoming pawns ofeither America or Russia. Indeed, perhaps the renas­cent peoples of Asia, by banding together, can generatea sort of third force between the super-Powers, ana thuscontribute to world peace.A second assumption is that there is no fixed equa­tion between peace and the status quo. It may be im­portant, especially to the West, to fortify Europe bybolstering the Netherlands; this would mean supportingthe Dutch position in Indonesia. But it is assumed inAsia that a solution to the independence claim of theIndonesians would make a greater con tribu tion to peace,even if it meant the decline of Holland.Thirdly, it is assumed and argued that under-de­veloped nations-a term that fits all countries in SouthAsia-have as much claim to the technical knowledgeand capital goods of industrial societies as the latterhave to t-ropical raw materials.Such assumptions to the long-dominant West maylead to wishful thinking; they may also be irritating.Because of them, Indian and- American attitudes at theoutset of some international conferences have been sodivergent that a Martian observer might have wondered.whether the delegates were discussing the same worldproblem.But the new line has gained some support in worldcouncils and has also stimulated regional consciousnessin South Asia. Nehru, foreseeing a new age in India,conceived the Asian Relations Conference in 1947 whichhe rightly called a watershed in Asian history. For thefirst time the representatives of the great majority ofAsian countries met together to consider their commonproblems.This year there have already been two further con­ferences of Asian nations and their neighbors. Againat Nehru's invitation, 19 nations met at New Delhi lastwinter to set forth a program for the U. N. in Indonesia.Later several countries met to consider the internal dif­ficulties of Burma.These gatherings, to which came official governmentrepresentatives who not many months before had beenrebels against their imperial masters, foreshadow furtherjoint action by the countries of South Asia.Here is a realm which despite its many troubles stillcontains almost the only strong and stable regions innon-Communist Asia. It is a region that for the firsttime in modern history is standing on its own feet andspeaking with its own voice. The Western world woulddo well to seek more vigorously than in the past tounderstand South Asia.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M,AGAZINESPRINGFIELD(Continued from Page 4)the position which the University takes on one impor­tant matter."The University does not subscribe to the doctrine ofguilt by association."The University does not believe that an individualshould be penalized for other acts than his own."The University believes that if a man is to be punishedhe should be punished for what he does and not for whathe has belonged to or for those with whom he has asso­ciated."If I may venture to do so, I should like to remindyou of the words of scripture: 'He consorted with publi­cans and sinners; therefore He is guilty.'"c.c. coverageThere were three more witnesses in this afternoon ses­sion, as an anti-climax to Mr. Hutchins. John Madigan,Chicago Herald-American reporter, gave a scrupulouslyexact statement of his coverage of a meeting of the Com­munist Club. Paul Lerman, a student, was called, butbecause he had been subpoenaed only that afternoon,was given until Saturday noon to obtain counsel. He wasnever recalled. Elias Snitzer, president of the CommunistClub, and a veteran who was quoted by Madigan ashaving said he became a Communist party member im­mediately upon his discharge from the Navy, was next.His attorney entered an objection to the proceeding, andwas overruled. Snitzer's testimony was rather brief.Matthews continued inept; he elicited from Snitzer thefact that though the Communist Club was open to allinterested students, and made the opportunity to joinknown, it could muster only ten members. Snitzer's ap­pearance and the session ended when the Commissionheld, on motion of Senator Libonati, that he need notanswer any questions about his membership in the Com­munist party, whether he considered it an illegal or­ganization, and what he would do in the .event of warbetween Russia and the United States.The Friday morning session was devoted to' RooseveltCollege, with Matthews interrogating President EdwardJ. Sparling. While he was running through the ritual ofmemberships in the "fronts," Matthews deplored thepresence of Albert Einstein and Thomas Mann on theadvisory board of Roosevelt College, because of their lack"of appreciation of American citizenship obtained asrefugees from a totalitarian regime." Matthews again gotinvolved in a confusion of terminology, when he de­manded to know if "sponsoring a Communist (Matthewscontinually used "Communist" and "Communist front"interchangeably) organization" was not an "overt" act.Apparently he meant that an overt act was a criminal act,but when Rep. Jenkins rose to challenge the confusion,Matthews avoided saying what he did mean by droppingthat line of questioning. The incident is worth relating only because it illustrates the typical approach of innu­endo and blurring used by Matthews in attempting tobuild up a case.Dean John B. Thompson of Rockefeller MemorialChapel was the attraction for Friday afternoon, andMatthews' was almost gleeful in his anticipation as herolled his eye down the list of Dean Thompson's activi­ties. These. included the Chicago Ad H02 Committee forthe "Red Dean" of Canterbury, the Very Reverend Hew­lett Johnson, the Southern Conference for Human Wel­fare, the National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax,and the American Peace Mobilization. Matthews wascanny abDut· identifying the authority which determinedthat these were "fronts;" at times he used the method ofcollateral association - membership in other allegedfronts-and in two cases-the Southern Conference andthe-National Committee to Abolish the Poll TaX-hecited the House Committee on Uri-American Activities.This authority was the notorious "Dies Committee," forwhich Matthews was an investigator, and according topublished statements, the. author of most of its reports,sometimes special ones which only Representative Dieshimself saw before they were issued. Matthews specificallyadmitted. that the Southern Conference was not on the"Attorney General's" list.Mr. Thompson was unintimidatedMr. Thompson was' unintimidated . by Matthews, hehad a command of facts, and he was articulate. Severaltimes, Matthews lamely conceded that so-and-so amongthe members of organizations which he was describing as"fronts" was not a Communist, but must be a "dupe."Dean Thompson said, in both his statement and his testi­mony, that he and others were aware of Communists inthese organizations, but the mere fact that Communistsalso wanted what the general organization wanted Wasno good reason for abandoning the aims."There are two ways in which liberals are sometimescontrolled by Communists," said Dean Thompson. "Thefirst is dumbly and automatically to follow the Commu­nist line. This I have never done. The second is dumblyarid automatically to veer to the opposite of whateverthe Communist line happens to be . This seems to me tobe as stupid as the first."What did emerge from the long interrogation of D�nThompson was the fact that he believes in applying Chris­tianity to the problems of modern life. He made an ef­fective impromptu summing up at the end of the exami­nation, in which he said in part: "To some of us whosesocial action stems primarily from our religious convictiDnand from our belief in democracy, it is extremely discour­aging and alarming to see committees or legislators ornewspapers glibly lump into one category all the membersof a group or organization which is standing for some im­portant social cause simply because it is known Dr sus­pected that some Communists are members of the sameorganization or cause."I said in my opening statement what was true and isTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17still true-s-that I have never been a Communist or havenever had any inclination to be one. But I should hatevery much as a churchman to have any less concern forjustice than any Communist. I should hate to have anyless concern for peace and the bases of peace than anyCommunist. I should hate to think that my energies ormy convictions are any less than those of a Communist ..."It seems to me we should have faith in democracy, touse democratic methods in attacking problems. The prob­lem of civil liberties does not exist except in relation tominorities with whom we disagree. You don't believe inliberty unless you believe in it for those with whom you.disagree."[A great many of us] ... are alarmed about the spiritthat is spreading over America, a spirit of intolerance forsocial change, a spirit that intimidates people who wantto use the ordinary democratic processes of social changeand who themselves want to work for a greater measure ofjustice, a greater extension of democratic rights than eventhis country with its great heritage has even known."Rep. G. William Horsley, who sponsored ,the resolutionfor the investigation, was a curtain-raiser Saturday morn­ing to the mysterious stranger Matthews was to provide.Mr. Horsley introduced an array of posters and announce­ments, and some literature, which he said had been givento him by an employee of the University, who said theywere taken from bulletin boards or distributed at meet­ings. This preliminary concluded, Matthews introducedhis masked marvel, the "surprise witness."This gentleman proved to be Howard Rushmore, areporter for Hearst's New York Journal-American) whohad been somewhat ostentatiously "smuggled" into theLeland Hotel the night before.Matthews undertook a pseudo-legal qualification ofRushmore as an "expert" on Communism. He knew of thegreat "Russian Atom Bomb Spy Ring" two and one-halfyears before any government agency; he "informed thelegislative committee of the State of Washington the de­tails of the Hiss-Chambers Espionage Ring in governmentcircles two weeks before that testimony was brought for­ward in Washington, D. C.," and "he was the first personin the United States to publicly expose the Hiss-ChambersSpy Ring."In view of this, and considerably more, to which Rush­more demurely assented, it is curious that there wasn'ta little more detail developed by Matthews in the identi­fication of Rushmore's background. One reason for pro­ducing him as <l: surprise package may have been the factthat he is another of the ex-Commies who is devoting him­self to the business of telling all as a career. Mr. Rush­more was once film critic for the Daily Worker) and ac­cording to his testimony and that of Matthews, only aparty member is allowed to work on that paper. Rush­more lost his job, however, when he followed the wrongturn in the party-line labyrinth in reviewing "Gone Withthe Wind.'" Rushmore and Matthews had the manner of a well­rehearsed act, as in. fact they were. Both have appearedbefore several other legislative committees with their well­thumbed directories of "front" memberships. Both hadcopies of Rushmore's testimony, the compilation of lists oforganizations in which faculty members were alleged to bemembers. Mr. Rushmore read these off, with occasionalexcursions, suggested by Matthews, into the Hiss-Cham­bers case, the Great Atom Bomb Conspiracy, and othermatters of journalistic record.Dear Mr. Dies:Rushmore blithely enunciated the principle that nocitizen should join any organization unless he wrote firstto the Un-American Activities Committee and found thatthe organization had been given its benediction. He sug­gested that generally speaking there was no need of form­ing organizations for special purposes anyway; the Ameri­can Legion, for example, should suffice to give the nec­essary leadership for democratic action, He announcedthat 27 per cent of all "front" members were educators.With a pleased smirk at the press bench, he expressed theopinion that Mr. Hutchins, by his opening statement, hadbecome the "wondering boy of education."People who join "Communist fronts" often become spiesand traitors, he said, pointing to Clarence Hiskey, theatomic scientist against whom the Uri-American ActivitiesCommittee has made accusation, as one who slid into ap­plied wickedness from an innocent gregariousness. Rush­more gave the impression of assuming, as he could with­out penalty because of legislative immunity, that Hiskey,who has never been arrested, charged, or indicted fortreason or any other subversive activity, was a spy, just ashe assumed that Alger Hiss, whose trial is yet to be held,is guilty. His explanation of Hiskey's descent to the ranksof traitors is in contradiction to that of his fellow Hearstjournalist, Robert A. Stripling, Jr., former chief investi­gator for the Un-American Activities Committee, who hasexplained in print that Hiskey was misled by his wife. Thecontradiction serves only to indicate the free and easy basisfor all this kind of uncontrolled assertion.What Rushmore testified to in relatiori to the Univer­sity was that seven present members of the faculty hadmembership in "front" groups. A summary of affidavitsby the seven, made in reply to Rushmore's assertions, inlieu of the lack of opportunity to answer him in personthat morning, shows that 49 of the 50 allegations are false,or no longer applicable. In a letter transmitting the affi­davits, Laird Bell, chairman of the Board of Trustees ofthe University, and its counsel in the investigation, pointedout-that of the 38 organizations in which Rushmore saidthere were faculty associations, only 11 were listed by theAttorney General as "suspected Communist fronts." An­other 21 attributed memberships have never existed.The most outrageous of Rushmore's statements waswhen he pontificated that Harold C. Urey, one of the keymembers of the team that made the atomic bomb, should18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO· MAGAZINEbe barred from further work "in view of his long andcontinuous support of Communist-front organizations."Since Mr. Urey was cleared for the war work on thebomb, and since has been cleared for access to all nuclearresearch now in progress, Rushmore was stretching hisown irresponsibility to the limit. To his dictum, Rush­more added the insinuation that Mr. Ur�y might be cur­rently under surveillance. If Rushmore hoped to makeanother Condon case out of Mr. Urey, he was disap­pointed; his opinion attracted little attention.The seven faculty members named by Rushmore, andwhose affidavits will be the subj�ct of the extra hearing,are: Wayne McMillen, professor of social service admini­stration; Harold C. Urey, professor of chemistry; Rob­ert J. Havighurst, professor of education; Ernest W. Bur­gess, professor of sociology; Malcolm P. Sharp, professorof law; Rexford G. Tugwell, professor of political science;James Luther Adams, .professor of religious ethics, Mead­ville Theological Seminary, and member of the FederatedTheological Faculfy.There was one more characteristic piece of innuendobefore the hearings closed. Just before adjournment, theUniversity offered in evidence letters of five chaplains andother clergymen who unequivocally asserted that no evi­dence of indoctrination had ever come to their attentionin their extensive association with faculty and students.These letters had previously been informally presented tothe Commission, and apparently Matthews didn't liketheir tenor. He jumped to his feet, shouting that if theletters were submitted in evidence, he wanted the right to 'submit "the Communist records" of the signers. The Students and facultyof the University aroseone morning in May tofind the front pages oftheir newspapers full ofnews which came as verymuch of a surprise. Mr.Hutchins had been mar­ried the previous evening(May 10) to Vesta Sut­ton Orlick, his assistanton t?e Encyclopedia Brit­annica.They were married byMr. Hutchins' father, Dr.William J. Hutchins, for­mer president of BereaCollege, at the home of Mrs. Hutchinsthe bride's mother inWashington Heights.Mrs. Orlick, 31, was divorced in 1943. She has adaughter, Barbara Karen, 6. Mr. Hutchins' was div­orced in 1948.signers are Canon Bernard Iddings Bell, representing theEpiscopal Church at the University; the Rev. Fr. JosephD. Connerton, Catholic chaplain and head of DeSalesHouse at the University since 1941; Rabbi Maurice B.Pekarsky, director of B'Nai B'rith Hillel Foundation atthe University; Rev. Russell Becker, University. BaptistPastor; and Rabbi Jacob J. Weinstein, president, theCouncil of Hyde Park and Kenwood Churches and Syna­gogues. The "Communist records" of these men have yetto be filed./C· HICAGO radio audiences are enjoying generous serv­ings of symphony, good j.azz and newscasts minus thedressing, thanks +e the five U. of C� alumni lined up above:Bob Schakne, Ralph Wood, Gertrude Wood, Marsh Ray and Steve Wood. With seven other WWI'I vets (amongthem Len Schroeter '48, Sanford I. Wolff, JD '40 andChristine Tardy '46), they founded WMOR, Chicago'slatest FM station. .Richer for her wisdomBRIGHTER FOR HER LOVEBy FRED B. MILLETT, PhD '31EDITH FOSTER FLINT, the daughter of Rich­ard Norman and Annie Halsted Foster, was bornon May 13, 1873, on the west side of Chicagonear Union Park. Her father was a physician by pro­fession, a "philosopher" by avocation. He was interestedin Swedenborgianism, and both he and his wife weredeeply religious.Their daughter, Edith Burnham Foster, after gradu­ating from the West Division High School, entered theUniversity with its second class, and was graduated fromit in 1897. Years later, she set down some memoriesof her undergraduate experience in the days when "onthe prairie only one thin gray line of buildings rose,composed of Cobb Hall, the Divinity Halls, and aftera long gap, to the northward, Snell Hall," and whenmany of the buildings of the World's Fair of 1893 werestill standing along the Midway. She recalled vividlythe night when the peristyle at the lakeward edge ofthe Great Court of Honor burned. "The tall columnsoutlined themselves against the black of the lake, andthe heroic figures on their tops, above the glorious namesof the states-Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Colorado,Oregon-swayed, tottered, and plunged."A number of her liveliest memories centered in theold one-story back-wall brick gymnasium, where theBeecher Hall basketball team practiced "in long, heavyfull black flannel suits, with sleeved wrists, and collarednecks, and black-stockinged legs," a team that observedthe Yale training-table diet faithfully, and, before itsbig games, "ate sandwiches of scraped beef, for the pro­motion of fierceness." She. also recalled the occasionwhen at a Settlement Benefit she impersonated Electra,"in deadwhite draperies, with a thickly plastered faceand a white cotton wig, gazing searchingly into the faceof Orestes" (Wallace W. Atwood, '97, later Presidentof Clark U niversi ty ) .Her prolonged association with the University facultybegan immediately after her graduation, with her ap-Dr. Millett, a member of the English Depar+men+ from 1927to'1937, is now Professor of English at Wesleyan Univer­sity and Director of its Honors College. Edith Foster Flint '97pointment as an Assistant in English and Head ofBeecher Hall; she' was an Associate in the departmentfrom 1898 to 1900. In the meantime, on December 22,1899, at the Church of the Epiphany, she had becomethe wife of Nott (William) Flint, '98, a native of Chi­cago, whom she had met at the University and who wasalso a member of the English Department. They madetheir home not far south of the Midway, and there theirson Richard Foster was born in 1902, and their son Hal­sted in 1904.Even in the early years of her marriage, her connec­tions with the English Department were unbroken, sinceshe found time to give courses in what was then knownas the Extension Department. Soon, however, two blowsfell that would have broken a person of less spiritualdepth than she. Her husband, Nott Flint, died onFebruary 22, 1906, and her young son Halsted, in 1911.In the autumn aft�r her husband's death, Mrs. Flintresumed her classroom teaching as Instructor in English.She became an Assistant Professor in 1909, an AssociateProfessor in 1914, and a full Professor in 1923, a postshe held until her retirement in 1938. From 1931 to1938, she was the director of the work in English Com­position in the College. She also held responsible ad­ministrative posts. She served as a dean in the Collegeof Arts, Literature and Science from 1918 to 1926, andfrom 1925 to 1932, she was the Chairman of the newlyorganized Women's University Council. Of the need forsuch an organization, Mrs. Flint wrote at the time: "Itmay well be asked why a change from the Deanship ofWomen should have been made, when that office hasbeen a pattern to many other universities throughoutthe years of the University's existence. The answer liesin the size and complexity of the University today. Wehave 73 women on the faculty, 918 graduate women stu­dents, 2939 undergraduate women students. In theIndex of the 1925 Cap and Gown, 73 items concernwomen's organizations alone."After her retirement in 1938, Mrs. Flint continuedto arrange her life in accordance with the familiar'Quarter system. In the early years of her retirement,she visited some of the University classes about which1920 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEher curiosity was most intense, and I recall her describ­ing herself as advancing like an ocean-liner unshakenby wave upon wave of students flooding out of MandelHall. Later, she wrote that she had had "a little pro­fessional renaissance, with a couple of writing groupsand a little literary program now and then. It has -beenfun."She usually spent the Autumn and Spring Quartersin Chicago, the Winter Quarter with her cousin, JanetJameson, in Santa Barbara, and the Summer Quarter,with friends in the East: Eleanor Matz at Wyoming,New York; Robert and Letitia Merrill in Maine; hergod-daughter, Josephine Starr, at Old Deerfield, Mas­sachusetts; and Frances Crane at "Whitecrest," WoodsHole, Massachusetts; or in New Haven, with her son,Richard Flint, '22, Professor of Geology at Yale, hiswife, Margaret Cecil (Haggott), '20, and her belovedgrand-daughter, Anne Rutherford, how a student atRadcliffe.On February 22, 1949, exactly forty-three years afterher husband's death, Mrs. Flint met her death in anautomobile accident in Santa Barbara. In the followingweek, funeral services were held at the Church of theRedeemer, where she had for years been a devout wor­shipper, and she was buried in Oakwoods Cemetery inthe city of which she was proud to be a native.The objective. facts of Mrs. Flint's life fail utterly tosuggest the warmth and richness of her personality orthe nature of her contribution to the University duringthe forty-one years she spent as a member of its faculty.Edith Foster Flint made no pretense to being a scholar,nor was 'she an easy or a prolific writer. Her superbpresence, her polished style, and her flashing wit madeher an excellent speaker; but a fundamental shyness inher made her resist constant pressures to speak in pub­lic. She was content to be a teacher, and she was asplendid teacher because she was a splendid person. Ex­cept for Alfred North Whitehead, she is the only personI have ever met to whom the epithet "magnificent"seems unquestionably appropriate.The sense of magnificence she conveyed even to peo­ple who met her casually arose, I believe, from the singu­lar congruity of her p�ysical and spiritual being. Herheroic stature was matched perfectly by her greatnessof spirit. To those who were fortunate enough to knowher, within and outside the classroom, she gave withunstinting generosity the warmth of her feelings, thewisdom of her insights, the abundance of her wit. It isno wonder that generation after generation of studentsrose up and called her blessed. It is no wonder thatan unending succession of brilliant. students - JohnGuhther, Elizabeth Maddox Roberts, Glenway Wescott,George Dillon, among others-felt that they owed heran overwhelming debt.Edith Foster Flint loved life, and the gusto with whichshe lived it was contagious. She was perfectly frank about the pleasure she took in good food and in good­looking people. She was an extraordinarily keen ob­server of the physical features of the people she knew,and she could describe them with a precision that apainter or novelist might well envy. She was a splendidtalker. Her wit was keen but never malicious. Shehad an unfailing flair for the placement and underscor­ing of a telling word. I can almost hear her beautifully.timed remark about the "lovely young ladies in backlessevening dresses sweeping up the aisles to show you to.the wrong seat."She also stimulated other people to wit. As KathleenCampbell says, "How well one read, how intensely onelistened, how extra-specially aware one became-in herpresence." She enjoyed reciting flavorously the moresatirical verses of Ogden Nash, and later, of John Bet­jeman, From long experience in the classroom, she haddeveloped an enviable skill in "reading aloud. On oneoccasion I recall, after an exquisitely planned dinner inher apartment, she read far into the night to a groupof us the whole of Stevenson's The Wrong Box. "Un­forgettable" to me no less than to her was an eveningat Judson Court when she and a group of students andI read aloud the complete poems of T. S. Eliot. � Hermind met eagerly the challenge of the newest poetry,and on the last evening I spent with her and GeorgeSherburn at West Falmouth, she read us Robert Lowell's"The Death of the Sheriff," of which she said PadraicColum had confessed he could make nothing, and luredus into pooling our insights with hers in the decipheringof the poem.I can think of no more fitting conclusion than Mrs.Flint's account of her last birthday. "Your book andyour birthday. letter added their pleasurableness to avery happy day. This began with a three-way tele­phone chat with Dick and Peggy from New Haven andclosed with the traditional dinner. Alas, the personnelgrow,s less traditional with the years, for Gertrude Dud­ley and Adeline Link have left this world, and CharlotteGrey and Letitia Merrill are on opposite edges of thecontinent. But the new blood which has come in, thatof Judith Bond and Kathleen Campbell, is a vitalstream. That unhurried humor of Judith's, whichalways seems to be a surprise to herself, is a perpetualdelight to me. And Kathleen, in a long dress of scarletsilk jersey, was an eyeful. Judith came bringing flowersfrom her own garden, lilies of the valley, rosy tulips,narcissus, high-bush honeysuckle, and sprays of crab­apple; and Kathleen presented me with a flask of Chiantiand a jar of her very own thimbleberry jam, from theshore of Lake Superior. I have been living embowered,for Dick sent a great box of flowers, and there were anumber of others. Dick and Peggy evidently decided togo to town on Mother's seventy-fifth, for they sent mea beautiful big silver bowl, with an inscription I mustquote to you, so much did it touch me: 'May 13, 1948.The world richer for her wisdom, brighter for her love.' "THE UNIVERSITY OFFOR over fifty years Edith Foster Flintwas a significant influence in the livesof students, alumni, and faculty atThe University of Chicago. The quality ofher personality was unique. Her statureand carriage commanded immediate atten­tion; she was built on noble lines. Of herintellectual capacities I am not adequate tospeak; that must be left to her friendsamong her colleagues, of whom there aremany. I always marvelled at the breadthand extent of her reading, especially ofher knowledge and memory for beautifulverse, ancient through very modern.In the days when I first knew her shehad not long been teaching at the Univer­sity. She was giving English compositionclasses, and hundreds of us wrote our heartsout for her, thereby gaining ability in theuse of the written word, and, equally im­portant to us, giving vent to our perplexi­ties under her wise and understandingeyes.She knew well the emotional and intel­lectual reactions of the young throughmany generations. The wisdom of hercounsel came from an unusual breadth ofexperience; the discriminating and oftencritical red-penciled comments at the endof a theme bore fruit in many minds.All over this land there are men andwomen who have kept in touch with her,and remember her with admiration and CHICAGOA TRIBUTEdeep affection. Many a young author orteacher is grateful for her inspiration andher continued interest in his life and work.During the later years of her teaching,when she shepherded the instructors whowere in charge of the great number of be­ginning English classes, she 'added to herfollowers a group of young faculty, nowscattered over the universities and collegesof this country, who owe a profound debtto her wisdom and direction.Above anyone I have ever known, Mrs.Flint had the capacity for making a friend-.ship infinitely rewarding. She was gener­ous in her approval: if you had one goodquality she would discover it and makeyou aware of it. This faculty of warmcommendation was not limited to a few;her friends were legion and to each shegave that personal approval that made onefeel an important part of her circle. Aftera letter from Mrs. Flint you held yourhead higher. She gave you confidence be­cause she believed in you, and had the joy­ous habit of telling you so. Nor was thisstrengthening of the morale limited to herfriends and acquaintances; whenever a Pull­man porter or a salesman in a store gaveher special consideration-and all who .met MAGAZINE 21her were prompted to do so-she wouldwrite their respective superiors commend­ing their service.She had a deep affection for children,, which they reciprocated. They sensed hercalmness and stability; her very stature gavethem a certain confidence and a feeling ofsecurity. She followed the growing familiesof her many young friends with great in­terest, and was ever mindful of them atbirthdays and Christmas. She liked toknit for them.You could not come into her presencewithout being aware of her serenity. Shehad conquered. The early death of herhusband and one small son had acquaintedher with grief poignant and deep, fromwhich she had emerged triumphant. Tothose, who brought our sorrows to her sheshowed a deep religious faith which wasthe fundamental factor in her life, whichshe worked at ,with conviction, and inwhich she grew to the very last.No one of us could hope to express ade­quately our appreciation of the depth andbreadth and beauty of soul possessed byMrs. Flint. To each one of us who werefortunate enough to know and love her, shehas left some special gift, known but tous, that we shall cherish in our hearts allthe days of our lives.Letitia Fyffe Merrill 114SUCCESS 'FORMULAEC HEM I CAL AND ENGINEERINGNEWS this past spring could almost havebeen the scientists' offshoot of the UNI­VERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE.Midway alumni were cover features onboth the March and April issues, and forgood reason.Agnes Fay Morgan '05, SM'06, PhD'14,came into the limelight by winning the1949 Garvin Medal, highest honor forAmerican women chemists.Irving Klotz, '37, PhD'40, head of theChemistry Department at NorthwesternUniversity, made front page news as 1949recipient of the Eli Lilly award in biolog­ical chemistry.For anyone keeping an eye on the pat­tern of accomplishment shown by boththese campus graduates these latest honorscome not with any surprise.Back in 1914 when Dr. Morgan was firstjob-hunting, she showed a knack of com­bining wisdom with knowledge that hasstood her in good stead ever since. Herdecision to concentrate on fields wherebeing a woman as well as a chemist wouldbe an asset brought immediate dividends.The year 1915 found her teaching the firstscientific human nutrition courses at theUniversity of California.She was first to observe the effects ofsurphur dioxide on vitamins; first to pro­duce greying of hair through vitamin de­ficiency; and first to observe damage tothe adrenalin glands caused by pantothenicacid deficiency.Other "firsts" on the list: recording ofheat damage to proteins; study of the ef­fects of vitamin D on the physiologic ac­tivity of parathyroid extract; and inventorof a patented process for dehydrating scrap­ple.Dr. Morgan has filled many professorialposts at the University of California. In1938 she became chairman of the homeeeconomics department.. She spent fouryears during the war working under OSRD HEADLINERSto improve food dehydration, with specialreference to quality and nutritive value.She is founder and permanent nationalsecretary of the chemistry honorary societyIota Sigma Pi. ,While still a graduate student on theMidway Dr. Klotz became intrigued withthe problem of explaining the mechanismof the action of chemotherapeutic agentsin the animal body. He had a hunch thata major part of this action could be ex­plained in terms of physicochemical phe­nomena, and he decided to look into thispossibility when he finished his thesison "Thermodynamics of Sulfuric Acid So­lutions."This stream of reasoning was divertedby a wartime interruption to study ab­sorption by granular beds. But in 1945 heresumed his quest, this time at North­western. In less than four years the in­vestigation on the Evanston campus has,yielded more than 40 papers for the tech-nical literature and been cause for Klotz'scitation for the Lilly award.MILWAUKEE MENTORIt was 1906 when a druggist in Clark,South Dakota, said to William F. Rasche:".Why don't you try teaching?" Rasche,just out of high school and heading forthe West Coast from his home in Mil­waukee thought it over.He had grown up with his father's yeastand vinegar business on Milwaukee's southside and time away from school had beenspent in manual labor and odd jobs. Thisdruggist, however assured him that forSou th Dakota teaching normal SChDOI de­grees were nice-but .hardly necessary.During the first one month teaching pe­riod which followed there were seventeenin the one-room country school=Rasche andhis sixteen children from the first gradelevel on up. It was in October, 1925, that Raschedecided to study education from the educa­tor's viewpoinj. His three years of experi­ence in vocational work, he says, placedhim in an advantageous position for thesurvey under Judd of Chicago continuationschools.Receiving the M.A. in '27, he workedintermittently thereafter on a doctoratein education. This was awarded in '36following a study of the methods employedin gaining the reading interests of work­ers.Active in Milwaukee civic affairs formany years, .he was selected by the Cos­mopolitan Club of that city to receive itsannual award for distinguished commu­nity service in September, 1944.He is presently devoted to the problemsof the city's Youth Commission, and inmemory of their son, William, Jr., whodied in the wartime sinking of the ex-S.S.Bell off the African coast, Mr. and Mrs.Rasche (she is the former Alice Geilfuss),have recently established a special collec­tion within the Milwaukee Public Librarywhich will each year be enlarged with cur­rent publications in the social and politicalscience fields.Rasche, a tireless worker, has been con­sultant on vocational education problemsto cities in many states; professor of voca­tion at the University of Pittsburgh; per­sonnel director of General Motors TruckCorporation at Pontiac, Michigan, from1928-30; and was loaned to the army inthe winter of 1944 to expedite a trainingplan.Today, as W-isconsin closes its centen­nial year celebrations, William Rascheholds leadership in one of its most signifi­cant and unique undertakings-that ofadult vocational education. He has justfinished the task of being general chair­man of the American Vocational Associa­tion convention held at Milwaukee, andnow returns, as director and principal, tocontrol of the largest institution of its kindin the world-the Milwaukee VocationalSchool.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE CLASSES1893Madeleine Wallin (Mrs. George C. Sikes),PhM of San Antonio, Texas, writes "Beingnow'relegated to a relatively inactivestatus as befits an octogenarian, I am en­joying a grandmother's persI?ective on theeducation of my grandchildren=one asophomore at Trinity College here ... withan eye on graduate study at Chicago, andthe other a freshman. in the nurses trainingat Incarnate Word College here."1896Estelle Lutrell, AM '24, is· having her"List of Arizona Newspapers 1859·1911"published by the University of Arizon�Press. This work includes 100 short bi­ographies of territorial editors.1897Harriet Agerter (Mrs. E. E. Stoll), lives-in Minneapolis where h�r husband is .pro·fessor emeritus of English at the Univer­sity of Minnesota.William H. Allen, director of the Insti­tute for Public Service, New York City, istrying to interest educators, librarians, a�dpublishers in the need for USA's story IIItexts, courses, reading lists, and thinking.He is also trying to interest editors in theneed for watchdogging the treasury by in­dependent operation audit and constructiverecommending by comptron�r general.1899John J. Crumley, for over 30 years amember of the staff of the Ohio Experi­mental Station, received an award of rec­ognition from �here s�veral years ago �orhis work as a pIOneer III forestry educationand research.Paul Mandeville, of Champaign, Illinois,spent the winter on the Pacific coast, "loaf­ing and traveling."Mrs. Grace Neahr Veeder of Wauwatosa,Wis., has eight grandchildren, ages 7 to 18years, and spends most of her spare timewriting verse.1901Albert E. Patch, DB '04, is pastor of theCommunity Baptist Church in Broderick,California.1902Mark R. Jacobs w-rites that he has nowretired after twenty years as superintendentof Montebello (California) public schools.Effie B. Warvelle writes that she is just"living quietly with happy.memories of thegood old U of C, trying to do a bit ofwriting" in Hudson, Ohio.1903Wynne W. Garlick has been appointed asa member of the Committee on Schoolsand Scholarship of the Harvard Club ofSo. California, having received his AM in1911 from Harvard. Since retiring in 1942from teaching English in Wilson HighSchool, Long Beach, he has been tutoringin elementary Russian. Wynne plans to beon hand for the 50th reunion of '03-"Let'shave a big Reunion Turnout with FlagsFlying and a New Song in 19531"Thomas J. Hair, retired Chicago grainmerchant and former president of theAlumni Council (1920-22), wrote fromTryon, N. C., that as fund campaign chair­man for the Polk County 1949 Red CrossDrive, he successfully met the quota. 1904Esther E. Bjomberg, 'AM '14, of Chicago,writes: "this 'red-smearing' at the U. of C.makes me mad .... For fifty years andmore I have watched with pride the prog·ress of the University. I find myself incomplete accord with almost every policyadopted by the University during this pe­riod and have complete faith in its presentadministration."William H. Bussey, PhD, is professor ofmathematics at the University of Minne­sota.Eugene Neubauer, DB '09, celebrated his50th anniversary of entering the ministryby giving' three addresses, involving twohours or more travel between points, andmaking eight professional calls in betweentimes. Since his so-called "retirement," helives at Barry, Illinois, his early home.George H. Shull, PhD, professor emeritusof botany and genetics at Princeton Uni­versity, was presented with the MarcellusHarley medal, commonly known as thePublic Welfare medal, at the annual din­ner of the National Academy of Sciencesin Washington, D. C. Dr. Shull, now 75years old, received the medal for his workon the quantity and quality of the corncrop-v'hybrld corn."1905Vernon Beebe, president of the AmericanSchools Association, Chicago, became agrandfather for the third time last year.George F. Reynolds, PhD, is professoremeritus of English at the University ofColorado in Boulder.1906George M. Stephenson is professor of his­tory at the University of Minnesota.Erville B. Woods, PhD, retired this springafter teaching sociology for 37 years" atDartmouth College.Elizabeth A. Young is enjoying her homein the College Town-4 colleges-of Clare­mont, California.1907How wrong can we be? Last month wecarried news of George B. Cohen, JD '09,and his daughter, Helen I. Cohen, '43, AB'45, JD '46, and their father-daughter lawfirm. We gave their location as ThreeOaks, Michigan, when in reality it is, andalways has been, in Chicag·o. So, pleasedon't think they have left the state, andtake your business elsewhere!Ivan Doseff is associate professor of artat the University of Minnesota.John F. Moulds made a surprise visit toAlumni House the last of April. He andMrs. Moulds were in the middle west fromtheir home in Claremont, California, to at­tend the 75th celebration of the Hyde ParkBaptist church where John was toastmasterat the annual dinner. Mr. Moulds also at­tended a meeting of the Frances ShimerBoard of Trustees before returning to Cali­fornia for the graduation of their daughter,Frances, from Pomona College. Mr. Mouldswas recently elected president of the Uni­versity Club of Claremont.Caroline P. B. Schoch retired from teach­ing in June, 1948, and is living in Greens­boro, North Carolina.Florence R. Scott writes that she findsher days as full professor, at the Universityof Southern California, much more filled with work on theses and dissertations forthe ever increasing number of candidatesfor advanced degrees. Miss Scott will beteaching in the 6 weeks summer session ofthe Liberal Arts College there.Dr. Thurston W. Weum is a physicianand surgeon in the Medical Arts Buildingat Minneapolis. He is also clinical irrstruc,tor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Uni­versity of Minnesota. Dr. Weum has hismedical degree from Northwestern Uni­versity.1908Ste� V. Lockwood (Mrs. Lester R.)is active 111 the Alliance Francaise in Ch i­cago, directing a play now and then or act­ing in one. In 1947 Mrs. Lockwood re­ceived a citation from the Belgian Govern­ment for relief work.1909Dr. C. Alford Fjelstad, SM '10, MD(Rush), '11, is clinical assistant professor ofotolaryngology at the University of Min­nesota.Loren L. Hebberd is the chief engineerfor the S. Obermayer Co., Chicago, manu­facturers of refractories.Walter R. Myers, PhD, is associate pro­fessor of economics and finance at the Uni­versity of Minnesota.John J. Schommer, one of the greatestall-around athletes in the history of Amer­ican sport and a prominent football officialfor many years, announced recently that hewould retire as athletic director and direc­tor of placement at Illinois Institute ofTechnology effective September 1. Schom­mer, who received an alumni citation in1943, was the firs t person in the his tory ofChicago to win 12 letters.Bertram G. Swaney, AM, took his doctorof divinity degree at Cornell in 1934 and isnow located at the Barrington (Illinois)Methodist Church.1910Paul K. Judson is with the Whitney andBaird Co., life insurance agency, and livesin Tiburon, California.Oregon Chief justice George Rossman,JD, has just written an opinion for hiscourt holding anti-Japanese land laws ofOregon to be unconstitutional. Veme D.Dusenbery, JD, was the winning counsel.1911William S. Cooper, PhD, is professor ofbotany at the University of Minnesota.S. Edwin (Ned) Earle, who directed theannual Interfraternity Sing from the timeof its inception until he was forced to re­tire due to ill health in 1948, has associatedhimself with Rawley & Apperson, Inc.,Winston-Salem, N. C., who deal in officeequipment, machines and supplies.Ralph Kuhns, MD. (Rush) '13, researchpsychiatrist for the State of Illinois, is ontemporary assignment to the KankakeeState Hospital. Dr. Kuhns has also been co­operating with the U. S. Chamber of Com­merce on national mental health.Edith Prindeville (Mrs. Kenneth N. At­kins) writes that for the past few monthsshe has been having a course in adult edu­cation as a member of the State Legislature-the New Hampshire General Court.From Perry D. Trimble, JD '12, comesword that Francis F. Patton, '11, E. Harrl­son Powell, '11, recently retired presidentTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOof Encyclopedia Brittanica; and PotterBowles, '09, all now own homes and live atRancho Santa Fe, California. Mr. Trimblealso built a home there, but maintains hisresidence and law practice in Princeton,Illinois.Arthur W. Wheeler of Sterling, Illinois,spent a large part of last winter on theWickenburg, Arizona, ranch of DonaldKerr, '34, JD '36.Margaret C. Young (Mrs. John D.), SM,who retired from teaching several years ago,is living in Miami, Florida. Mrs. Youngis interested in the United Nations and isa member of the University Association ofNew York.1912Willis T. Howard has retired as a colonelin the United States Army.Victoria McAlmon, since her retirementfrom Los Angeles City College, has been anorganizer for the American Federation ofTeachers-recently organizing an AFT localin San Diego, California.Max Sasuly, SM '13, is a statistician inWashington, D. C. .Benjamin W. Van Riper, PhD, managerof the educational travel division of Amer­ican Express Company, New York City, hasfour sons in college.1913Helen Gross (Mrs. Webster J. Lewis) isteaching school and serving as president ofthe La Jolla (California) Business and Pro­fessional Women's Club. She attended theBPW biennial in Texas last summer and onthe way home visited Santa Fe andFletcher A. Catron, '14, JD '16.In answer to our query, "What's newswith you?", Elsebeth L. Martens (Mrs.Waldo Sexton) of Vero Beach, Florida, an­swered: "Four grandchildren!"Margaret Johnson Schuyler writes fromSpringfield, Ohio, that she is "housewifeand manufacturer."Alan D. Whitney had four articles in Bar­ron'sfhis past year. In addition, he is in­volved in photography as a hobby, andraising two lively sons out in Winnetka,Illinois.1914Dudley A. Campbell is a broker in LosAngeles, California.William J. Donald, PhD, is managing di­rector of the National Electrical Manufac-.turers Association; member of the Boardof Advisors of the Industrial College of theArmed Forces; member-at-large of the Ad­visory Council on Federal Reports (Bureauof the Budget); member of the Business Re­search Advisory Committee, Bureau of La­bor Statistics; and Chairman of the Sub­committee on Employment Statistics.Erling H. Lunde writes "Still having aswell time with my three-year-old grand­daughter. My two daughters happened tobe sons, so this is my first 'daughter' inthe family."Edward K. MacDonald has bought a re­chargeable battery business at Deerfield,Illinois, and. is "busier than the proverbialpaperhanger and his father!"Rudy D. Matthews of Winter Park, Flor­ida, built a house in the Smokies of West­ern North Carolina last summer and plansto spend six months there annually. Mr.Matthews is coming up to campus thismonth for his 35th reunion.Fanny Pendley, San Angelo, Texas, book­seller, attended a meeting of the AmericanBooksellers . Associatio� in Washington,D. C., last month. Clayton C. Witmer, AM, DB '15, chair­man of the Philippine Mission of theEvangelical United Brethren Church, hasbeen transferred from Union TheologicalSeminary in Manila to San Fernando, LaUnion.1915Oscar C. Burkhard, PhD, is professor ofGerman at the University of Minnesota.Katharine J. Densford, AM, is director atthe School of Nursing, University of Min­nesota.Evelyn Hattis Fox (Mrs. Nicholas 1.) isteaching music and serving as ARC GrayLady at Vaughan Veterans Hospital. Inher . leisure time, Mrs. Fox writes script forphilanthropic and civic groups. Dr. andMrs. Fox are attending their second yearof the Great Books Course in Oak Park(Illinois) and "enjoy exchange of thinkingand better understanding of people andtheir thoughts and way of life." Soundslike a full life for the Foxes.Roderick (Rod) Peattie, p{ofessor of geog­raphy at Ohio State, recently authored"The Inverted Mountains," a must for any­one interested in the Southwest.Lydia E. Quinlan (Mrs. Ralph S. Dob­bins), Springfield, Illinois, is still managingher business, The United States ElectricCo., a wholesale supply house in Spring­field. Her present community interest- isto aid in the establishment of a MentalHygiene Clinic for Sangamon County, par­ticularly serving children. Her son, Rich­ard, is a sophomore in college. Mrs. Dob-.bins also participates in AAUW and theLeague of Women Voters, which "keeps meat least cognizant of today's problems."Helen A. Ranlett, JD, of New York City,went to London last summer to attend theInternational Congress on Mental Health.Carl E. Robinson, JD, is a busy and suc­cessful trial lawyer in Jacksonville, Illinois.At the moment he has cases pending in six­teen Illinois counties. ' He is a trustee ofIllinois College, his undergraduate almamater. He has also been selected to writea chapter on "Motions for Directed Ver­dict" in a forthcoming volume: "IllinoisTrial Lawyers' Hand Book."Edward Z. Rowell, AM '16, PhD '22, isin his 28th year in the department ofspeech, at the University of California,Berkeley. Dr. Rowell is also chairman ofthe executive committe of Starr King Schoolfor the Ministry.Robert O. Whiten ton, SM, is head of thedepartment of zoology at Oklahoma A. &M. in Stillwater. He plans to retire at theend of June.1916Donald L. Colwell, sales engineer of theApex Smelting Co., Chicago, has returnedfrom abroad. He was sent to six Europeancountries by the ECA to examine the alu­minum requirements of Europe. The rec­ommendations made by Mr. Colwell andothers should help to alleviate the tight­ness in 'aluminum supplies.Marion Davidson passed through Chicagolate in April on his way back to New Yorkafter a vacation in Hawaii.Jean A. Dorrel, on the faculty of theCatholic University of America, Washing­ton, D. C., is taking a leave of absence nextyear for study. She is planning on takinggraduate work in southern California.Charles Emberry Hedrick, AM, has re­tired from teaching at Marshall College,Huntington, West Virginia.David M. Key, PhD, visiting professor ofclassics at Mount Union College, Alliance,Ohio, has retired-and is open for a job MAGAZINE 23next year. . Dr. Key writes that he waspresented with two more grandchildren thisyear. In 1948 he received an honorarycitation plaque from Central College, wherehe got his AB in 1898.Mildred Lambert, AM '16, PhD '24,(Mrs. James T. Hillhouse) is a resident ofMinneapolis where her husband is profes­sor of English at the University of Minne­sota.1917F. B. Garver, PhD, is professor of eco­nomics at the University of Minnesota.Mrs. Garver was Blanche Davis, '15.Roy I. Johnson, Al\�, PhD '23, has leftStephens College to join the faculty of thedepartment of education of the Universityof Denver.Anna K. Koutecky (Mrs. Frank Kadlec)writes: "Nothing spectacular! Life is stillvery iriteresting and I have no trouble liv­ing with myself."Cleona Lewis, AM '21, is a member ofthe senior staff of the Brookings Institute,Washington, D. C.Everett E. Murray, MD Rush '20, is amedical missionary in Shanghai, China.Rose Nath (Mrs. A. Lincoln Desser) isvoters service chairman for the League ofWomen Voters of Los Angeles. Both ofher sons graduate from college this month.Horace L. Olson, SM '18, PhD '23, isprofessor of mathematics at Indiana Tech­nical College, Fort Wayne.1918Avis Baker, AM (Mrs. Melvin Rigg) livesin Stillwater, Oklahoma, where her hus­band is professor of psychology at Okla­homa A. & M.Walter C. Earle, MD (Rush) '20, is aphysician for the Veterans Administration(Chief of the Outpatient Division, Branch5). Dr. Earle and his wife, the formerEugenie Williston, '18, live in Atlanta, Ga.A. Eustace Haydon, PhD, professor emeri­tus of comparative religion of the Univer­sity of Chicago, conducts lectures. everySunday morning before the Chicago EthicalSociety.Marjorie A. Mahurin (Mrs. Loring M.Myers), originator of the oldest radio pro­gram still contiuing on the air in Cincin­nati, is now readying a program for tele­vision. Her son Bill is being graduated thisJune from California Institute .of Tech­nology.Allen J. Rodgers is newly located in Dal­las, Texas, and is a U. S. Navy residentcost inspector at the Chance Vought Air­craft division of United Aircraft, and dis­trict cost supervisor for Texas, Louisiana,and Alabama.Valentine Shiple writes that he retired in1946 from the National Milling branch ofNational Biscuit Company, after 26 yearsas chief chemist. He is living in Toledo,Ohio.1920Joseph A. Allen is employed in an ad­visory capacity by the investment firm ofNathaniel Somerfield Company. The Al­lens (Myrtle L. Hohlen, '20), have threegrown children and live in Downers Grove,Illinois.Samuel F. Bibb, SM '23, of Chicago, isthe current president of the Illinois sectionof the Mathematical Association of Amer­ica.Paul W. Birmingham is employed in thesales construction specialties business in De­troit, Michigan.F. A. G. Cowper, PhD, of Durham, NorthCarolina, had an article on Gautier d'Arrasin the March issues of PMLA (Publication24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOof the Modern Languages Association).Gladys E. C. Gibbens, PhD, is associateprofessor of mathematics at the Universityof Minnesota.C. Clinton Inglefield is manager of theSouth Bend Division of Standard Oil Co.of Indiana.Alfred H. MacGregor .represents Bauerand Black out of St. Louis, Missouri. Heresides in Webster Groves.Max Noble is president of the NobleMortgage company in Wichita, Kansas. Maxhas two grown children.Miriam Russel is a member of the facultyat the School for the Blind in Jacksonville,Illinois.Clinton L. Slusher is a Buick dealer inMontgomery, California.1921Lettie Estella Bristol has retired fromteaching and is living at Opdyke, Illinois.Wesley N. Herr, PhD '27, is assistant pro­fessor of chemistry in the Institute of Tech­nology at the University of Minnesota.William B. Kramer III, SM '24, PhD '35,is a geologist with the U. S. Geological Sur­vey. He lives in Tulsa, Oklahoma.New arrivals in the household of JohnA. Logan and Dorothea Halstead Loganare. two Phi Beta Kappa keys, courtesy oftheir two sons, John A., Jr., and JeromeHalstead, who are students at Yale.Mabel G. Masten, MD (Rush) '26, hasbeen chairman of the department of neuro­psychiatry at the University of WisconsinMedical School since 1947.Louallen F. Miller is now professor emeri­tus of physics of the University of Minne­sota and is living at 1715 E. Second, Tuc­son, Arizona.Franklin E. Vestal, SM, continues as geol­ogist with the Mississippi State GeologicalSurvey.1922Bessie B. Bell, AM, member of the Iac­ulty of Glenville (West Virginia) State Col­lege, .will teach in the first term of the1949 Summer School of West Virginia Uni­versity. Her subject will be history.Warren D. Bowman, AM, PhD '30, educa­tor, writer, and pastor of the WashingtonCity Church of the Brethren, Washington,D. C., was unanimously elected presidentof Bridgewater College at the spring meet­ing of the board of trustees. Dr. Bowmanwill take office this summer.Frank M. Durbin, SM, PhD '26, is profes­sor of physics at Oklahoma A. & M.Reuel I. Lund, AM, is assistant professorof business administration at the Universityof Minnesota.Nell W. Reeser has retired from teachingin Chicago's Hyde Park High School andis now a research assistant in the HistoricalSociety of York County, Pennsylvania.Isaiah R. Salladay, MD (Rush) '24, reotired by the Army because of physical dis­ability 'in 1947, with credit for 30 years(9Y2 on active duty), is now on the staff ofSt. Mary's Hospital, Pierre, S. D., and spe­cializes in diagnostic roentgenology.J. Warren Stehman, PhD, is professor ofeconomics and finance at the University ofMinnesota..T. Daniel Willems, MD (Rush) '27, ofChicago is the author of "Gem Cutting"­written for the purpose of making availabledependable information on the cutting and. polishing of gem stones.1923Gertrude W. Bissell (Mrs. Frederic B.Whitman) of Oakland, California, has ason who will enter the U. of California in the fall, and a daughter in junior highschool. Mr. 'Whitman is executive vicepresident and acting president of the GreatWestern Railroad.An article" "Critical Thinking," writtenby Frances Hunter Ferrill, published in"Chicago Schools Journal" and reprintedin "Education Digest," was requested bythe State Department for translation, publi­cation, and distribution in Germany,Trieste, Korea, Japan, and Austria.Milton Gordon, JD '25, is in the CounselBranch of the Legal Division of U. S. Al­lied Command for Austria. Gordon writesthat Vienna is a most interesting city and"has two opera houses going seven days aweek;' Chisago can't even seem to supportone."Egil E. Krogh, MBA '45, was recentlyelected a divisional vice president andnamed an assistant general merchandisemanager at Marshall Field & Company,Chicago. Mr. Krogh, who has been withFields since being graduated in 1923, alsoholds an appointment as a special lectureron Merchandfjing and Store Managementat University College, Downtown Center.Hazel E. Olson, SM, is on the home eco­nomics faculty of MacMurray College inJacksonville, Illinois.James L. Palmer, AM, executive vicepresident of Marshall Field & Company,became president in April. Mrs. Palmerwas. Eleanor Olson, '22. The Palmers livein Winnetka.Rufus B. Robins, SM, MD (Rush) '25, ofCamden, Arkansas, was elected speaker ofthe Congress of Delegates of the AmericanAcademy of General Practice; re-electedDemocratic National Committeeman for theState of Arkansas; and recently appointedto the ten-man Policy Committee of theAmerican Medical Association.Florence D. Schertz (Mrs. Herbert cl'at­terson) lives in Stillwater, Oklahoma,where her husband is dean of admissionsat Oklahoma A. & M.Howard M. Sloan is a house builder inAlbuquerque, New Mexico.Doris M. Strail is with the TuberculosisInstitute of Chicago and Cook County asstatistician.1924Elizabeth Brooks retired last year as prin­cipal of the grade school at the School forthe Blind in Jacksonville, Illinois. She isstill teaching at the school for a year orso more.Mona Fletcher, AM, professor of politicalscience at Kent State University, receivedher PhD from Ohio State University. Herdissertation was "A Decade of Bicameralismin Ohio, with special reference to the1930's."Dr. Paul B. Hartley, who has his MDfrom Northwestern University, has beenpracticing in Jacksonville, Illinois, since1934. He has one son, Peter, who is near­ing his ninth birthday.William T. Heron, PhD, is professor ofpsychology at the University of Minnesota.Dorothy Judd (Mrs. Robert Sickels) hasjust moved to Hamilton, New York, whichshe calls "a hot bed of U of C'ers."David McKeith, Jr., former pastor of theAsylum Hill Congregational Church inHartford, Conn., is now executive directorof the American Board of Foreign Missions(Congregational). He is making a six­month flying trip in foreign lands includingAfrica, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, andGreece, on Board business.Olive Mersen has retired from her highschool teaching in Duluth, where she livesat 302 16th Avenue, East. MAGAZINEElizabeth C. Miller, after twenty years asassociate professor and supervisor in thelaboratory school of Michigan State NormalCollege, Ypsilanti, has moved to Sigourney,Iowa.Western Reserve University recently an­nounced the appointment of John S. Millis,AM '27, PhD '31, as president, effective Sep­tember 1. He is now president of the Uni­versity of Vermont and State AgriculturalCollege. Dr. Millis is the son of the lateHarry U. Millis, PhD '99, former chairmanof the department of economics at Chicagoand of the National Labor Relations Board.Chestine H. Morgan, SM, of Evanston,Ill., is industrial engineer with AutomaticElectric Company.Ferol Potter, SM '38, teaching in thehome economics department of FlowerTechnical high school, Chicago, took hersabbatical leave last year. Miss Potterspent the time traveling in the south and'west, and studied in the fields of art andhome economics.Philip Rudnick, SM '25, PhD '31, is a re­search physicisr on the staff of the U. S.Marine Physical Laboratory in San Diego,California. He' and his wife (GretchenShaw, '28, SM '29, PhD '31) live in La jolla.The Santa Barbara News-Press recentlyaccorded William W. (Pete) Sears a four­column spread on the opening of his newreal estate offices in Santa Barbara, Calif.A past president of the Evanston-NorthShore Real Estate Board, Sears and his wifethe former Marabel Jerrems, '27, are per:manently located on the coast.Zaven M. Seron, MD (Rush) '31, is prac­ticing medicine and fishing down in Se­bring, Florida.Major Clarke M. Shaw and his wife(Jeannette St. Croix Hash, '24), are in Mo­rioka, Japan. Major Shaw is on the Amer­ican Military Government staff there.George B. VoId, AM, is professor of so­ciology at the University of Minnesota.Mrs. Void WqS Ila Redfearn, '23.1925Nelson L. Bossing, PhD, is professor ofgeneral education at the University of Min­nesota.Amelia L. Elsner (Mrs. Fred Lowy) isliving in St. Petersburg, Florida, and writethat they are kept busy with winter visitorsand frequently see some of their collegeclassmates.Alrik T. Gustafson, PhD '35, is chairmanof the department of Scandinavian and di­rector of the program· of Scandinavianstudies at the University of Minnesota.Regina A. Haas (Mrs. Leo. Wolins) ofBeverly Hills, California, writes that herson, Leroy, is now studying at her old AlmaMater and is specializing in public regionalplanning.Mary E. Hamilton, AM, English instruc,tor at Omaha's North high school, wasnamed the leading high school debate coachin the United States. The Rostrum, offi­cial publication of the National ForensicLeague, revealed that Miss Hamilton re­ceived 985 points and her debate pupilshave won 10 times as many points in de­bate victories at tournaments.S. J. Hicks, SM, PhD '27, now lecturer inchemistry at the University of Toledo, willbe on leave this summer to spend 90 days'active duty at Army Chemical Center,Maryland .Herbert A. Tonne is profesor of educa­tion at New York University.Theodore O. Yntema, AM, PhD '29, onleave from the School of Business facultyto serve as director of the Committeefor Economic De�elopment, was recentlyTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOelected vice president of the Ford MotorCompany in charge of economic develop.ment.1926Alfred H. Bell, PhD, of Urbana, Illinois,was recently elected editor of the AmericanAssociation of Petroleum Geologists.Carlile Bolton-Smith, JD, is with theOffice of the Secretary of Defense, Wash­ington, D. C.Girard T. Bryant is now acting principalof Lincoln High in Kansas City, Mo. Hehas one daughter in her third year of col­lege and another graduating from highschool this month. This summer, Mr. Bry­ant will teach history and government atLincoln University.Richard L. Kozelka, AM, is dean of theschool of business administration at theUniversity of Minnesota.Paul L. Muder is living in North Anson,Maine. He is a clergyman and teacher innearby Hinckley.M. Lester Reinwald, JD '27, writes thatthe highlight of a recent trip to the east,for the benefit of his teen-age daughterLynn, was witnessing the ceremonies andsigning of the North Atlantic Pact, after anice chat with Senator Paul Douglas nowon leave from the faculty to serve as Illi­nois' junior senator.Silas O. Rorem, AM, is a secondary schoolteacher in the Los Angeles public schools.Elsa E. Schilling, AM, is now studying atthe University of Illinois in Champaign.Herman W. Smith, SM, is professor ofmathematics at Oklahoma A. & M. in Still­water.Guy R. Vowles, PhD, head of the depart­ment of German at Davidson College,North Carolina, reports the birth of hissecond grandchild, Richard Hudson Vowles,on September 17, 1948, in Memphis, Ten­nessee, where Dr. Vowles' son is on thefaculty of Southwestern.Myron M. Weaver, SM, PhD '29, MD '32,has been chosen head of the new medical-school at the University of British Colum­bia. Now assistant dean of medical sciencesat the University of Minnesota, Dr. Weaverwill take over his new appointment in July.Be is an associate of the American Collegeof Physicians, a diplomat of the AmericanBoard of Internal Medicines and a memberof other scientific groups.1927George Edwin Bottomley is associate sec­retary of the Pacific Southwest Area Councilof the YMCA with headquarters in LosAngeles.Anton B. Burg, 8M '28, PhD '31, an in­structor in chemistry at Chicago from 1931to 1939, now heads the department of chem­istry at the University of Southern Cali­fornia. Dr. Burg is a member of the Panelon Inorganic Chemistry, Office of NavalResearch, 1948-49; president of the SouthernCalifornia Chapter of the American Asso­ciation of University Professors, 1948-49;and received a War-Navy Certificate of Ap­preciation last year ..Dwight M. Cochran is with the SafewayStores, Inc., in Burlingame, California.Louise Duncan (Mrs. J. Bernard Carson),teacher of English at Asheville Senior highschool, is public relations representative ofWestern North Carolina for the NationalCouncil of Teachers of English. Mrs. Car­son is also chairman of the textbooks andmaterials committee of the North CarolinaEng]ish Association.Thurston L. Johnson,. PhD, chairman ofthe Alumni. Foundation for Stillwater,Oklahoma, was in Chicago the middle of April with his son, Charles, who was mak­ing plans for entering the Medical Schoolin the fall. Dr. Johnson is professor ofbacteriology at Oklahoma A. & M. Thereare r three other children in the Johnsonfamily: Lorna, a senior at A. & M., Delores,a freshman in A. & M. and Noel, a juniorin . high school.Lt. Col. James K. Kneussl, JD, is in theOffice of Command Judge Advocate, Mili­tary Air Transport Services, Andrews AirForce Base, Washington, D. C.Vera Lighthall, AM, is associate professorof English at Northern State Teachers Col­lege, Division of Language and Literature,in Aberdeen, S. D. Miss Lighthall is alsoexperimenting with a new course in Amer­ican culture.Bulah . A .. Liles (Mrs. O. S. Patterson),AM, is on the faculty of the College ofMines in El Paso, Texas.Col. John K. Morley has just returnedfrom Europe and will continue his lecturesto schools in the West on world affairs.He is living in Pacific Palisades, Calif.Elizabeth Nissen is assistant professor ofromance languages at the University ofMinnesota.Edith K. Rambar (Mrs. Emery G.Grimm) has taken time off from her execu­tive duties at Chicago'S Carson Pirie Scott& Co. to emcee the annual Spring fashionshow luncheon of the Fashion Group ofChicago-of which she is regional director.William J. Reilly, PhD, director of theNational Institute for Straight Thinking,has just had a new book published byHarper & Brothers entitled "How to AvoidWork"-sounds interesting ....Samuel T. Sanders, SM, has retired fromcollege work and is now a private teacherof mathematics in Mobile, Alabama.1928Esther M. Anderson writes from Fargo,North Dakota, that she has been there forfour years taking care of her mother. MissAnderson plans to return to .the VeteransAdministration as Chief Dietician in thenear future.William C. Booth, AM, former presidentof Yih Wen Commercial College, Chefoo,China, is now located in Whittier, Califor­nia, as a representative of a wealthy Chi­nese graduate of Yih Wen, who recentlymade a donation of over one million dol­lars (US) to the Board of Foreign Missionsof the Presbyterian Church of the USA in.order to establish homes for retired Pres­byterian missionaries..Dorothv Jane Breuning (Mrs. FrederickB. Kingsley) is now permanently situatedin New York City.Edith Collom is living in Lavistock, On­tario, Canada, with her brother's family ..Mary B. Doubek (Mrs. Louise P. Zim­merman) .was recently elected to a twoyear term on the Whitewater, Wisconsin,school board.Robert :M. Hale, AM, PhD '45, was re­cently appointed Dean of the college ofMorton Junior College, Cicero, Illinois. Dr.Hale was formerly professor of economicsthere.'Paul H. Holinger is an assistant profes­sor of laryngology at the University of Illi­nois Medical School in Chicago.Jennie Jones (Mrs. R. W. Quisenberry)is director of the Division of Home Eco­nomics of the Chicago Department of Wel­fare.Wilfrid Gladstone Richards, SM, PhD '48,is professor of economic geography at DrakeUniversity in Des Moines.J. Shepard Webb, SM, is associate pro· MAGAZINE 25fessor of electrical engineering at the U ni­versity of Minnesota.1929Hortense Bernhard (Mrs. J. E. Blum) isowner of an antiques and interiors store inSherman Oaks, California.Samuel B. Braden, Newton, Kansas, isbusy promoting a $100,000 Silver Anniver­sary expansion program for Axtell Chris­tian Hospital of which he is executive di­rector.Walter N. Brinkman continues teachingat Oak Park (Illinois) High School, whilehis wife, Evalyn V. Brinkman, '29, 8M '41,is on the faculty of Illinois Institute ofTechnology.Robert John Clements, PhD, is head ofthe Romance Languages Department atPennsylvania State College.Garfield V. Cox, PhD, who is dean of ourschool of business, gave an address, "Im­proving Management Through Educationand Research," at the dedication of theNew UCLA building for Economics andCollege of Business Administration, January13, 1949. While on the coast, Dean Coxgave the convocation address at ClaremontMen's College, January 17, 1949.John M. Jackson, PhD '32, expects to betransferred to the San Francisco laboratorywhere he will serve as assistant managerof research for the Pacific Division, Ameri­can 'Can Company.Warren E. King, JD '31, MBA '44, ofChicago was awarded, the degree of certified.public accountant April 26 at the Univer­sity of Illinois.Elizabeth Michael, AM, is associate pro­fessor of foreign languages at Eastern Illi­nois State College, Charleston, Ill.Carl A. Nissen, AM, has taken the currentschool year off as assistant professor of so­ciology at Ohio State University to be pro­fessor of sociology and acting head of thedepartment of sociology at Denison. Uni­versity. He will return to his duties atOSU in the autumn quarter of 1949.Marjorie H. Thurston, AM, is assistantprofessor of rhetoric at the University ofMinnesota.Alice Wolbach Wolff, AM '38, has beenworking as a receptionist at the AbrahamLincoln Centre for the Planned ParenthoodAssociation weekly clinic in Chicago. Mrs.Wolff writes that she enjoys her work, "al­though it is a far cry from a full-time paidjob in social work, held down until healthreasons forced my retreat from the field."1930Hans H. Andersen, PhD, is head of thedepartment of English at Oklahoma A. &M. in Stillwater.J. Howell Atwood, PhD, of Galesburg,Ill., will be teaching sociology courses dur­ing the second summer term at the. Uni­versity of Redlands (California) this year.Edward J. Barrett, JD, of Arlington, Vir­ginia, is with the Army TransportationSchool, Fort Eustis, Virginia.Irwin S. Block has been elected to hissecond consecutive term as president of theNew York Phi Gamma Delta Club. Blockis an executive with Manufacturers TrustCo. in Manhattan.Catherine J. Cusack (Mrs. W. WesleyPear) moved from Ridgewood, New Jer­sey, to Concord, Massachusetts, during thepast year. She writes that she was happyto find "another former Quadrangler andalumna of the University living in Con­cord." She is Martha L. Vaughan (Mrs. D.T. Smith), PhD '34.Isadore E. Garrick has been in aero·nautical research for the National Advisory26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOCommittee for Aeronautics for the past 18years. His position is assistant chief, phys­ical research division, Langley AeronauticalLaboratory, Langley AFB, Virginia.John P. (Pat) Kelley has been generalmanager of the jockey's Guild, Jamaica,New York, since ending his war service in1945. Pat spends five months in Floridaand the balance of the year in Long .Islandor traveling around the country visitingrace tracks.H. Stewart Leonard, AM '34, formerly amember of the Monuments, Fine Arts andArchives section of the U. S. Military Germany, has been appointed as assist­ant to the director of the St. Louis CityArt Museum. Mr. Leonard was director ofthe Art Institute of Zanesville, Ohio, priorto entering the Army in 1941. .. Ro�ert B. Lewy, l\;lD '35, in private prac­nee smce the war, IS also teaching in theUniversity of Illinois Medical School, con­sulting at the Veterans Hospital, and doingsome research. Dr. Lewy is still interestedin national defense, acting as executive offi­cer of the 7427th General Hospital, USA(Res.), University of Illinois.. .Harvey J. Locke, PhD, is associate pro­fessor of sociology at the University ofSouthern California in Los Angeles.Dr. Luther L. Mays, AM, formerly atSyracuse University, is now at the VeteransAdministration Hospital in Washington,D. C.Loretta M. Miller, AM '38, is studyingand working in the psychological office ofthe Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas,for the summer. .Ernest S. Olson, MD, is a pathologist atSt. Lukes Hospital in Racine, Wisconsin.Myron F. Rasskopf is on the mathematicsfaculty of Syracuse University.Ferdinand F. Schwartz, MD(Rush), ofBirmingham, Alabama, made the Interna­tional Who's Who for 1949.James G. Smith, Jr., MD, is practicingmedicine in Wauchula, Florida.Bernard Weinberg, PhD '36, recently ad­vanced to the rank of professor of romancelangauges at Washington University, hasresigned to join the faculty of Northwest­tern University next fall.Winifred E. Weter, AM, PhD '33, was re­cently elected president of the Seattle,Washington, Branch of the American As­sociation of University Women.1931Theodore Brameld, PhD, professor ofeducational philosophy at New York Uni­versity, is one of a group of lecturers in acourse on "How to Think About Freedom,"at the Elliott Institute. 'Alburey Castell, PhD, is professor of phi­losophy at the University of Minnesota.Lt. Commander Donald H. Dalton waschairman of the 206th anniversary celebra­tion of the birth of Thomas Jefferson heldat the Jefferson National Memorial inWashington, D. C., on April 13th. Mrs.Dalton was Irene Martin, '30.Paul E. Feldman is assistant superinten­dent of the Alton (Illinois) State Hospital.Dorothy E. Fox (Mrs. A. H. Vollertsen)now is living in �ake Bluff, Illinois.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago, Illinois H. Gary Hudson, PhD, has been presi­dent of Illinois College, Jacksonville, Illi­nois, for the past twelve years. Illinois Col­lege is one of the oldest in the middlewest, founded in 1829. It has a studentbody of around 500. Dr. Hudson has twodaughters, Elizabeth, a graduate of SweetBriar, where her dad was formerly headof the history department, and Anne, whowas graduated from Illinois College lastyear.Arthur E. Kott, SM '32, of LaGrangePark, Illinois, is chemical engineer atWestern Electric Company.Edith Mae O'Brien is assistant principalof the Blaine elementary school in Chi­cago.�l F. S.chroeder is an air conditioningengmeer WIth Servel, Inc., Evansville, Ind.Oscar W. Wagner and his wife, theformer Dorothy A. Hollinger, '28, are liv­ing in Webster Grove, Missouri. Rev.Wagner is pastor of a St. Louis church.Edna Wallace (Mrs. F. Lowell Curtis),AM, is living in Hastirrgs-on Hudson, NewYork.Arthur W. Walz teaches mechanicaldrawing at Lane Technical high school inChicago.Edward M. Weiner, JD '32, is generalmanager of the Apco Manufacturing Com­pany in Chicago.1932J. William Anderson, AM '35, is withThe Troop Information and EducationDivisi?n of t�e Army in the Philippines.In this capaCIty, he spent some time inJapan in 1948.George E. Drew, pastor of the Mt. HopeCongregational Church, Detroit, since 1938is now serving the Lakewood Congrega�tional Church, in suburban Cleveland.Mary A. Heghin, AM '34, is with Wilcoxand Follett Publishing Company in Chi­cago.Ralph Hull, PhD, is professor of mathe­matics at Purdue University" Lafayette, In-diana.. �James F. Infe1t, AM, is general secre­tary of the Y.M.C.A. in Idaho Falls, Idaho.Louise E. Killie, AM'44, continues teach­i�g science at the I?owners Grove (Illinois)high school. She IS the daughter of GuyE. Killie, '05, of Chicago.Grace Long? AM, is teaching Engiishat Lehman HIgh School in Canton, Ohio.She is also yearbook adviser at the school.Franklin C. MacKnight, PhD '38, visitedbriefly at Alumni House late in April. Heis now head of the department of geologyat Evansville (Indiana) College.. He wasformerly with the Texas Company in NewOrleans. Mac, who headed the chess teamwhen on the quadrangles, continues thisinterest but divides it with his daughter,Madelin Kay, who is nearly three.John F. Moulds, Jr., has built up a busi­ness in interior decorating and fabrics atSacramento, California that is most suc­cessful. His brother, Charles, now has twomen's sporting goods stores, one in PaloAlto and the other a t Los Altos, five milesfrom Palo Alto.Raymond G. Price, AM, is professor ofAjax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Waste Paper500 pounds or moreScrap Me-tal and I ronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, ROckwell 2·6252 MAGAZINEgeneral education at the University ofMinnesota.William T. Wilson, LLB, who did hisundergraduate work at Illinois College,Jacksonville, Illinois, has a general law prac­tice in that city. His son, Stephen, is 8.1933John Agger, AM, is principal of theN ewton-Bateman Memorial High School inJacksonville, Illinois.Esther C. Ballard is social service direc­tor at the Sarah Hackett Stevenson Memo­rial Home in Chicago.Robert L. Cashman, who took his B.A.from the University of Oklahoma last Au­gust, is attending the Philadelphia DivinitySchool.Sarah. Fromm (Mrs. Walter S. Trasin)is living in Los Angeles .Isabelle Beatrice Goodgold (Mrs. I. D.Hackman) is a housewife and bank tellerat Compton, California.T. Francis Mayer-Oakes is now assistantprofessor of Far Eastern History at WayneUniversity, Detroit, Michigan. Prior toentering the Navy in World War 2, he wasacting director of International House onChicago'S campus. During the war, Frankwas. a lieutenant �n the Navy Intelligencesection, an e�pe::t m the Japanese languageand won a citation and bronze medal. Heis the· son of Margaret C. Mayer-Oakes,'34, of Emmetsburg, Iowa.Louis B. Newman, MD(Rush), lists his, activities as follows: chief, physical medicineand rehabilitation service, Veterans Admin­istration Hospital, Hines, Illinois; chairmanMidwestern Section, American Congress ofPhysical Medicine; research committee.North Central Conference on FunctionalMusic.Marshall T. Newman, AM '35, anthro­pologist for the U. S. National Museum inWashington, D. C., has accumulated fiveacres of land, a house, a car to get there(across the Potomac from Mount Vernon),and two sons (Douglas and Gregory) tohelp fill the house.Major William J. B. Strange, AM, CUr­ren.tly stationed at 5th Army Headquarters,ChI.cago, exp�cts to leave for Japan in July.SIdney Wemhouse, PhD '36, director ofbiochemical research for Temple Univer­sity's Research Institute, 'has received agrant of $4,120 from the American CancerSociety to further his research in the fieldof food oxidation in normal and cancer­ous growths. He is the first of severalcancer researchers to be aided by fundsmade possible by the American CancerCrusade.1934Robert S. Alvarez, PhD '39, is head Ii­�rari�n of the Nashville (Tennessee) Pub­he LIbrary. The Alvarez family includesJane Crosby, '35, and the children, David,Robin, and Nancy.Ruth R. Beck, AM, counselor at ProvisoTownship High School, Maywood, Illinois,was elected to the Board of Trustees ofEureka College, from which she receivedher undergraduate degree. Miss Beck iscontinuing at University College of North-ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.I.TABLI.HED IIZIOrien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicalo Phone REgent 4-6000THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOwestern University as a lecturer in soci­ology in the fall of 1949-for the fifth year.Edwin S. Cieslak, PhD '44, is assistantprofessor in the General College at theUniversity of Minnesota.Col. Stan Connelly recently received anappointment to the staff at West Point,following several years spent as militaryattache in Stockholm, Sweden. He has fivechildren who are learning English again.Milton Goldman, MD(Rush), has a newbuilding for his offices in Sherman Oaks,California, devoted entirely to Dermatology.Representing the Department of State(Caribbean Division), Charles C. Hauch,AM '36, PhD '42, spoke before t'he HispanicAmerican Institute, University of Miami(Florida) on March 7. He also addressedthe Pan American League of Miami; theJunior Chamber of Commerce and Inter­national House, both of New Orleans, onthe same speaking trip. Mrs. Hauch (Ruth­adele La Tourrette, AM '39) accompaniedDr. Hauch to Miami where they wereguests of the University there at its Hos­pitality House.Leone Abbe Jacobson, SM '40, is nowMrs. Abel Froman. She is living in Chi­cago where her husband is practicing medi­cine.Andrew L. Janssen has recently movedto Cincinnati where he is now the pastorof the W est woo d Salem PresbyterianChurch.Carolyn R. Just recently received a di­ploma from the Inter-American Academyof International and Comparative Law asa result of attending its 4th Session inHavana, Cuba. This academy was foundedin 1941 at the time of the first Conferenceof the Inter-American Bar Association inHavana. It is sponsored by the Cuban gov­ernment, which awards a limited numberof scholarships to the academy each ses­sion_ Carolyn was among the five from theU. S. to receive a scholarship to the 4thSession.Eleanor E. Kuhlow (Mrs. R. J. Weber) isa registered nurse in Leonia, New JerseyErrett W. McFiarmid, PhD, is librarianand professor of library at the Universityof Minnesota.Robert H. Overstreet is a photographerin Oakland, California.Adolph H. Sellmann, MD, practices surg­ery in New Orleans, Louisiana.Robert A. Walker, PhD '41, assistantdirector of the Foreign Service Institute ofthe U. S. Department of State, will jointhe Stanford facul ty Sep tern ber I as as­sociate professor of political science. Dr.Walker is the author of "The PlanningFunction in Urban Government," shortlyto be reissued by the University of Chi­cago Press as a result of requests by lead­ing authorities in the field of planningand administration.Charles R. Wilson, PhD, professor andhead of the department of history at Col­gate University, is director of a MajorConference on American Foreign Policywhich will be held on the Colgate campusduring summer session. Dr. Wilson taughtat the American 'University in Biarritzshortly after World War 2 and lecturedoccupation troops of the 7th Army zoneon American Foreign Policy.Helen Zaborowski is in charge of thelaboratory at the Chicago Intensive Treat­ment Center, a hospital for venereal dis­eases under the supervision of the ChicagoHealth Department.1935Robert N. Baumgartner, AM '47, is aninstructor of English at the University ofMinnesota. George W. Benjamin is with the Reli­ance Manufacturing Company, Chicago,one of the largest manufacturers of low­priced apparel in the country.Marie C. Berger, JD '38, is now workingin the Division of Dependent Areas, Officeof United Nation Affairs, State Department.In Arlington, Virginia, she has a "biggarden and a little dachshund, named'Dunderbeck.' "Harold L. Block is a writer for stage,radio, and television in New York City.Charlotte M. Burtis, SM '38, is a mapcompiler and analyst with the Encyclo­paedia Britannica in Chicago.Joseph A. Carbone, MD(Rush), is prac­ticing pediatrics in Gary, Indiana.Edward D. Friedman, JD '37, is on thestaff of the National Labor Relations Boardin Washington, D. C.Joseph M. Goorwitch, MD(Rush), is inprivate practice in Los Angeles, limitingpractice to diseases of the lung and chestsurgery.Dr. Conrad J. Holmberg, MD(Rush), isclinical instructor of Otolaryngology at theUniversity of Minnesota.George V. Kempf, JD '37, has been ap­pointed deputy district attorney for Mont­rose County, California. Mr. Kempf andhis wife, the former Sarah E. Wright, '38,write that the family is thriving in thebeautiful mountain country around Mont­rose.Elmer J. Koncel is personnel director forthe Krey Packing Company, in St. Louis,Missouri.Jack N. Loeb, JD '37, is working as alegal assistant with the National LaborRelations Board, Washington, D. C.Vernon H. MacNeill, minister of the FirstBaptist Church, Rock Island, Illitois, writesthat his two daughters are now in collegeand "the old man is broke .... Nothingnew about that."Walter E. Mochel, SM, PhD '37, wasrecently promoted to the position of re­search supervisor at the Experimental Sta­tion of E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co.,Wilmington, Delaware. Dr. Mochel writesthat all is well with the family which in­cludes his wife Muriel B. Groff, '35; andtheir three daughters.Edwin V. Nemec is a supervisor at West­ern Electric, in Chicago. He and hiswife Zena Gray Johnson, '36, live in West­ern Springs.Dr. William J. Noonan, MD, is clinicalassociate professor of psychiatry and neu­. rology at the University of Minnesota.Walter S. Phillips, PhD, on the facultyof the botany department of the Universityof Arizona, writes "Happy and fit with agood bunch to work with."George T. Plowman, Jr., continues as acost auditor with the U. S. General Ac­counting Office, but is now located in Albu­querque, New Mexico.Marie M. Silvers is medical social workerat the Los Angeles. (California) GeneralHospital. She is making plans to returnto Chicago soon.Donald McEwen Smith, AM, is assistan tdirector. of the Bureau of Employment andClaims of the Railroad Retirement Boardin Chicago.1936Randolph Bean is general manager ofradio station WCHV in Charlottesville,Virginia.Jay Berwanger and Ernest Dix are to­gether again. Ernie has just joined thesales staff of Jay Berwanger, Inc., manu­facturer's representatives. Jay, of course,is President, Phil Baker, '40, his wife, is MAGAZINE 27secretary-treasurer, and her father, J. C.Baker, is vice president. The products inwhich they deal primarily are machine andwood s c r e w s, extruded, moulded, andsponge Tubber.John E. Cornyn, MBA, is a lecturer inbusiness at the University College (Down­town Quadrangles) for their eve n in gcourses. During the day he is-a practicingpublic accountant. The Cornyns have fourchildren.Donald Wilson Crawford, AM, is rectorof Christ Church at Lexington, Kentucky.Rita Epstein of Chicago received herJD from the Northwestern UniversitySchool of Law in February and passed the­Illinois Bar Examination in March of thisyear.John S. Giffin, MD, is on the staff ofOregon State College's Health Service inCorvallis.Earl J. McGrath, PhD, had barely takenoff his coat on the Midway to become pro­fessor of higher education at Chicago. (fromthe University of Iowa) when he was calledto Washington to become U. S. Commis­sioner of Education. Earl will teach acourse at Harvard this summer with Presi­dent Conant on the "Teaching of Scienceand General Education" at the college level.William Haskell Pierson is associate pro·fessor in the department of geography atthe University of Florida in Gainesville.G. Roy Ringo, PhD '40, is a physicistwith the Argonne National Laboratory inChicago.Paul C. P. Siu is a social case worker atthe International Institute of Boston. Hiswife, the former Hwei-lan Ong, AM '40,works at the Boston City Hospital asmedical social worker.Robert T. Whittenberger is a chemistwith the Eastern Regional Research Labo­tory of the U. S. Department of Agriculturein Philadelphia. His work involves histo­chemical research on apples and potatoesand on means of improving their texture.C. Taylor Whittier, AM '38, PhD '48,is principal of the senior high school inSt. Petersburg, Florida. He and his family,including wife, Sara Jane Lechrone, '34,AM '36; and their three children, Chip 7,Tim 5, and Cece 22 months, are enjoyingthe fine Florida weather.John Culver Wooddy is an actuarial stat­itician with the American Tel. and 195 Broadway, New York City.William L. Woodlock, AM, is vice presi­dent of the Crawford Door Sales Companyof Chicago .William E. Zimmerman is principal eco­nomist with the New York State Depart­ment of Commerce in Albany.1937John J. Ballenger, his wife and daughteroccupy a new home in Wilmette, Illinois.He is practicing surgery-ear, nose, throat-in Winnetka and spends half time onthe research faculty at the NorthwesternUniversity Medical School.Katherine E. Braun (Mrs. Paul Stewart).AM, is a social worker with the Children'sAid Society in Philadelphia, Pa.John M. Clark, JD '39, and his wife, theformer Margaret C. Merrifield, '39, of Chi­cago, are finally taking time for a honey­moon after nearly eight years of marriageand three children. Leaving the childrenin the care of a sister who is a trained.nurse, they will head for the ColoradoRockies and Canada.Jessie W. Gardner, AM (Mrs. J. E. Aus­tin), is living in Rome, Georgia.Paul Harris, AM, on the faculty of theState Teachers College, Indiana, Pennsyl­vania, writes that he is "still trying to2S THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSlnc« I920H42 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SP\ECIAL TVMidway t����· ::d d:l��3 HOUR SERVICELOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE' HAULING•60 YEARS Of DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK fOR fREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISIUtt.rft.ld 8-6711DAVID L. SUTTON. Pres.Swift ts Ice CreamSundaes and sodas are special treatsmade with Swift's Ice Cream. So de­licious, so creamy-smooth, so refresh­ingly yours ....A product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 S. State StreetPhone RAdcliff 3-7400 be a good teacher-thanks to graduatetraining received at the. University of Chi­cago.Claude .B. Hazen, genial guard at theBursar's Office in the late thirties, is atechnician for firearms in the identificationdivision of the Chicago Crime Laboratories.Yale 1- Katz, SM, PhD '41, is a juniorscientist at the University of MinnesotaMedical School.'Irving M. Klotz, PhD '40, associate pro­fessor of chemistry and biology at North­western University, will receive the EliLilly Company's gold medal for researchin biochemistry at the autumn meeting ofthe American Chemical Society. It is con­sidered the most important award in itsfield, and is accompanied by a $1,000stipend.Wesley P. Lloyd, PhD, is dean of stu­dents at Brigham Young University, Provo,Utah.James S. May, Jr., MD '40, lives at 46Maple Drive, Catoneville, Maryland. Hiswife, Sophia Belle Clarke, received herAM in 1938.Instructor in history at Frances ShirmerCollege, D. Eldridge McBride, AM '43, hastwo children, ages one and three.Hubert L. Minton, PhD, is directing ageography field study course in Mexicothis summer. Dr. Minton, formerly headof the department of geography at Arkan­sas State Teachers College, is now directorof the department of public relations there.Mary Pazdera, AM, recently completeda special mental health education assign­ment for the Michigan State Department ofMental Health, and is now back at theHuron Valley Child Guidance Clinic inYpsilanti as chief psychiatric social worker.Miss Pazdera was elected president of theCity Federation of Women's Clubs.Charles H. Rammelkamp, MD, is a com­muter between Cleveland and Cheyenne,Wyoming, where he is now field director ofthe Streptococcal Disease Laboratory.1938Fidelia N. Abbott is professor of .Eng­lish at MacMurray College, Jacksonville,Illinois.Robert C. Adair is general manager ofradio station WJOB in' Hammond, Indiana.Married, Bob has two children, nine yearsand six months old, and live in Dyer, In­diana.Edward E. Alt, Jr., foreign technical di­rector for Corn Products Refining Co., andhis wife are international commuters now,making frequent trips to Argentina, Brazil,the Indies, and Central America. Betweentrips, they are in Forest Hills, New York.Beatrice Barnes (Mrs. Paul Berg) is anadvertising copywriter for the departmentstore of Stix, Baer & Fuller, the St. Louisstore where Olin O. Stansbury, '23, is pub­licity director.Herman B. Chase, PhD, is associate pro­fessor of zoology at Brown University,Providence, R. 1.Elizabeth Engelman (Mrs. Julius J. Ab­ler) of Van Nuys, California, writes thatthe Abler family is living in the San Fer­nando Valley to help regain the health ofson Bob. They hope to be back homesoon.Annette Ivry (Mrs. Marvin Sukov) livesat 2828 Benton Blvd., Minneapolis. He{husband is clinical associate professor ofpsychiatry and neurology at the MentalHygiene Clinic of the V. A. Hospital inSt. Paul.Peter P. Klassen, AM, PhD '49, servedwith the O.S.S. during the war, then wason the faculty of the University of Florida MAGAZINEfor a year. Dr. Klassen writes that he isnow at the University of Illinois, Under­graduate Division, in Chicago, and an­nounces the birth of daughter Ruth Anneon March 12, 1949.David S. Pankratz, MD, plans to spendtwo weeks at the Cornell Medical Collegegathering facts for the Cancer TeachingProgram at the University of MississippiSchool of Medicine, where he is on thefaculty .Louis E. Shaeffer, AM '48, is a researchstatistician in Madison, Wisconsin. TheShaeffers live in Middleton, Wisconsin.Charles Eddy Strange, AM, principal ofWichita, Kansas, North high school, wasrecently the subject of a "profile" articlein the Wichita Eagle. Described as a"principal who never misses any schoolfunction," Ed Strange was commended forthe closely-knit esprit de corps he hasshaped at North that is noted throughoutthe school system and the city at large.Roger G. Wilkinson, PhD '46, is assistantprofessor of physics at Indiana Universirv.1939Morris H. Cohen con tin ues as assis tan tprofessor of government at Clark Universityin Worcester, Mass.Alfred J. DeGrazia, Jr., PhD '48, is as­sistant professor of political science at theUniversity of Minnesota.William H. Doty is with the Philco Cor­poration in Philadelphia.Ruth E. Douglass, AM, now Mrs. JOhnDefouw of Flushing, New York, sends thefollowing: "Not much news to stir thenation.A boy and girl we are rationed.Busy am I with a dentist spouse,And our good landlady is selling the house.People come and people go.I t takes all I know to run the show.Think of Chicago as I do the dishesMay the Fund reach the topWithout any hitches.'Richard G. Guilford, AM, is assistantprofessor of sociology at the University ofMinnesota.John M. Hammer, MD, is practicingsurgery in Kalamazoo, Michigan.Dorothy Marie Ingram is an instructor inmathematics at the University of NewMexico.Robert E. Kronemyer, AM '47, will gradu­ate from Harvard Law School this monthin their last GI class. Bob writes: "Afterthree years at Harvard, I am still con­vinced that coeducation is here to stay andthat the University of Chicago is thegreatest in the world. Now to acquire alaw practice and a loving wife!"Kullervo Louhi, MBA '40, of Chicago,was awarded the degree of certified publicaccountant April 26 at .the University ofIllinois.Lawrence C; Noderer is a physicist atthe. Oak Ridge (Tennessee) National Labo­ratories.Harry Q. Petersmeyer is living on thewest coast and employed as cheese procurerfor the Superior Cheese Company, Port­land, Oregon.. Allen M. Sievers is on the faculty ofTufts College, Medford, Massachusetts.Thomas W. Steen, PhD, is chairman ofthe division of education and psychologyat the Southern Missionary College in Col­legedale, Tennessee. Dr. Steen acted aspresident of Madison College before aocepting his present position.1940Lily Baral, AM, is medical social con­sultant for the Montgomery companyhealth department in Rockville, Maryland.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETelephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty:"seventh StreetChicago 15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELL1S laclt5tone 1!lecor ating�erbicePhone PUllman 5-9170•10422 �bobe� !abe., Gt:btcago, 3m.Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical EquipmentHospital and Office FurnitureSundries. Supplies. Dressingsv. MUELLER & CO.All Phones: SEeley 3-2180408 SOUTH HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS•Auto Livery•Qui.t, unob"u.iv. ..rvlc.When you won' it, a. you wall' I,CALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4·6400 Benum W. Fox, who received his MDfrom Illinois and had a two year fellowshipin internal medicine at Cook County bos­pital after returning from the PacificTheater of War, is now practicing internalmedicine with his father, Dr. Nicholas 1.Fox, in Chicago. He is also doing cancerresearch experiments. Benum is the sonof Evelyn Hattis Fox, '15.Austin M. Gilstrap is in the furnitureand appliance line (Gilstrap Furniture Co.)in Mound City, Missouri.Helen Marie Hynes, AM, is district su­pervisor of children's services, Cleveland.Merle M. Kauffman, AM, assistant super­intendent in the Waukegan (Illinois) CitySchools, is in the midst of planning forrna terials and supplies for the next schoolyear and 'evaluating work done this year.Joseph Anthony Keller is an auditor inMinneapolis.Marjorie Kuh (Mrs. Joseph P. Morray)is in Paris, France, with the ECA Informa­tion Division. The Morrays plan to returnto the states in September.. Richard Longini (who passed his bach­elor's exam under the then New Plan in.1933, but didn't officially get around tocollecting it until 1940) received his PhDin physics from the University of Pittsburghlast fall.Ralph C. McCollom is a methods engi­neer for the Chicago Peoples Gas Co.Frances Louis McPherson, SM (Mrs. L. H.Pease), is assistant professor in the gradu­ate nurse program at the Ohio State Uni­versity School of Nursing.Samuel Newman, AM, of Chicago re­ceived the degree of certified public ac­countant April 26 at the University ofIllinois.William J. Plumley, SM '41, PhD '48,is a research geologist with the CaliforniaResearch Corporation, La Habra, Califor-nia. 'Lois Elizabeth Spooner (Mrs. C. B. Hoff­man, III) lives in Baltimore, Maryland.Woodrow W. Wilson, who has been withthe Carnegie Illinois Steel Company inChicago, has moved to Detroit where heis training production personnel for theContinental Motors Division of Kaiser­Frazer.1941Wayne E. Boutell, of Lombard, Illinois,received the degree of certified public ac­countant at the University of Illinois onApril 26.Bliss Forbush, AM '47, was reappointedto a second nine year term as a Trustee ofMorgan State College, Baltimore, Md. In1948. Mr. Forbush was a delegate to the firstassembly of the World Council of Churchesin Amsterdam, Holland, and this year ison the executive committee of the Confer­ence of American Members of the WorldCouncil of Churches.William H. Friedman, Officer of the For­eign Service, has been transferred to Bel­grade as Second Secretary and Vice Consulfrom Zagreb where he was Vice Consul..Since he was commissioned in the ForeignService in July, 1946, he has served atMarseille, Belgrade and Zagreb.Samuel J. Guy of Oak Park, Illinois, wasawarded the degree of certified public ac­countant April 26 at the University ofIllinois.Robert E. Koenig is assistant professor ofreligion at Elmhurst College, while hiswife, Norma E. Koenig, AM '47, is an in­instructor of speech at the University ofIllinois.Hans L. Leonhardt, PhD, will be pro­moted from associate professor to full pro- 29EASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oa�ley Blvd.Telephone SEeley 3-4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chiceqo Ave.Phone: WEntworth 6-8620-1-2-3-4Wellon'l Coel Mokel Good-or­Wallbn DoelThe Best Place to Eat on the South Side�COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-6324w. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA��ad�'P�ad��SALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YO'RKBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, bar.k of neck, or any part of bodYialso facial veins, moles, and warts •LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years'· experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATION30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGolden Dirtlyle(jormet'ly Dirigold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts. .COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. ,Chicago 4, III.Platers, SilversmithsSpecialists . . .GOLD. SILVER. RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Refinished, R.lacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoLA TOURAINECoffee and,.TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther Plant.BOlton - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracule - Cleveland"You Mighl A. Well Have The 8ell"LEIGH'SGROCERY end MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: HYde P ar� 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERTelephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and "egetablesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH fRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water Market fessor in the department of political sci­ence at Michigan State College, effectiveJuly 1.William A. Lessa, AM, PhD '47, recentlyreturned from a seven-month field trip tothe West Caroline Islands where he inves­tigated the culture of the people of UlithiAtoll. His home is in Los Angeles.Edward M. McKay is sales promotionmanager for the St. Louis Greeting CardCompany. He lives at Bridgeport, Illinois.Vera P. O'Hara, AM, is instructor inrhetoric and literature at the University ofIllinois, undegraduate division, Galesburg,Illinois. Last summer she enjoyed an ex­tended motor trip through the West andMexico.Charles H. Percy, president of Bell &Howell, returned in the middle of Decem­ber from a trip to Europe, where he spentten days seeing the B & H factories inEngland. He spent 5 days in Paris wherehe established a Paris chapter of AlphaDelta Phi.Isadore Perlman, AM, is an archivist withthe administrative office of the Navy inWashington, D. C.Robert H. Sehnert is now teaching andworking on his master's degree in the De­partment of Meteorology at UCLA.Cleo L. Vogele, MD, is surgeon and phy­sician in Aberdeen, South Dakota.1942Morris Allen, MBA, is administrativeanalyst for the foreign service planningdivision of the Department of State, Wash­ington, D. C.James Lindley Burtle, AM '48, is aneconomist in New York City.Howard M. Daniels, MBA, is . associateprofessor of accounting and management,and director of the Office of Business andIndustrial Cooperation, at the Universityof Houston (Texas).Herbert Goldhamer, PhD, associate pro­fessor of sociology at the University, is onleave to be with the Rand Corporation inWashington, D. C.Joseph J. Hackett, SB '48, is with theOffice of the Comptroller, Statistics Branch,EUCOM, stationed in Heidelberg, Ger­many.Joseph o. Hanson, Jr., JD, is with theU. S. Department of State in New YorkCity.Norman William Hickman, AM, is aconsulting psychologist in Buffalo, NewYork.Richard I. Kahl is secretary of the Re-BoMtg. Company, Inc., of New . York City,manufacturers of materials handling equip­ment. The Kahls (Richard; Joyce HahnKahl, '46; and Linda Joyce, potential mem­ber of class of '69) live in Fresh Meadows,a residential community in Queens.Gerhard K. Kalisch, PhD, is assistantprofessor of mathematics at the Universityof Minnesota. His wife was Leonora Liph,'39.G. Richard Kuch, minister at FortWorth's Unitarian Church, and his wife,the former Jeanne L. Tobin, '39, are in themidst of helping the field worker for theGreat Books Foundation get a leadershiptraining group under way in Fort Worth.They are hoping to have some units go­ing in the fall and will definitely have onein the church.David Alphonso Lane, Jr., is a majorin the United States army; stationed inWashington, D. C.Robert H. Lawson, Jr., is a personneltechnician with the Alameda County CivilService Commission, Oakland, California. Alexander Lichtor, MD, is an ortho­paedic surgeon on the staff of MichaelReese Hospital, Chicago.Frank Maresh, MD, is now on the staffof the Seward Sanatorium, Seward, Alaska.Donald F. McDonald, MD, is in the de­partment of surgery at the University ofW'Jshington. His wife, the former VirginiaC. Vail, MD '44, is a physician in Seattle.William F. Read, PhD, is teaching ge­ology at Lawrence College (Wisconsin)."We (includes wife, Helen Woodrich, '38)have a farm house and five acres out inthe country. Three children: Ned, 6;Margaret, 4; and Elizabeth, I."Andrew J. Robbins, AM, on the facul tyof Washington Missionary College, TakomaPark, Md., and his wife are planning toreturn to China at the end of the currentschool term. Mr. Robbins has been askedto head the Department of Systematic The­ology at the China Training Institute, re­cently moved from Nanking to Hong Kong.The Robbins' had spent the six years from1935-1941 in China,Calvin Sawyier, AM, and his wife, theformer Fay Horton, '44, are back in Chi­cago with their two children after six yearsvariously spent in Washington, Cambridge,and New Hampshire. Calvin is now onthe faculty of the Law School.Robert E. Smith, administrative assistantto the vice president of Pan America Air­ways, Inc., Latin American Division, ex-.pects to take his degree from the Univer­sity of Miami School of Law this month.Last August, while he and his wife wereon a busines-pleasure trip around LatinAmerica, he ran into Juan Horns, '38, salesmanager for the Pan American Sales affili­ate in Argentina.Edward B. Stanford, PhD, is associateprofessor and assistant librarian at theUniversity of Minnesota.Carl Traeger, AM, is dean of boys atthe Oshkosh High School in Wisconsin.Anne S. Winslow, AM, is an instructorin social work at the University of Min­nesota.1943George C. Barker, AM, PhD '47, recentlyreturned to Pacific Palisades, California,from a two months anthropological fieldtrip through central Mexico. Dr. Barker'smonograph, "Pachuco: An American-Span­ish Argot," is scheduled for publication inOctober by the University of Arizona.Doral Buchholz is secretary to Dr. Sea­borg at the University of California Radia­tion Laboratory at the University of Cali­fornia in Berkeley.Janet N. Carter, AM, is a social workerwith Jewish Family Service in San Fran­cisco.Alice B. Cocker, SM, teaches physiologyand health at North high school in Omaha,Nebraska.Jack Atwood Davis, AM, is a socialworker with the Veterans Administrationat Nashville, Tennessee.Raymond de Roover, PhD, has beenawarded a Guggenheim fellowship to doresearch in Europe on the origins of com­mercial capitalism and business organiza­tion in the Middle Ages. Dr. de Roover,who was just been made an honorary mem­ber of Phi Beta Kappa by the Wells Col­lege Chapter where he is on the faculty,is the hubsand of Florence Edler, '20,AM '23,. PhD '30.George T. Drake, an executive of GeorgeT. Drake and Son, operators of six Chicagorestaurants including the Ranch, CornerHouse, and the Covered Wagon, has been31THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEelected president of the Chicago RestaurantAssociation. He is the youngest (27) personever to hold that office.After serving with the Veterans Adminis­tration as a psychologist, Tommy A. Dvor­sky joined the Remington Rand Co. as asystems sales representative. Tommy andhis wife, the former Greta Ekstrom, gradu­ate of the University of Stockholm, live inChicago and are the parents of a six yearold boy.Olin Neill Emmons, MBA '46, of Chicago,was awarded the degree of certified publicaccountant at the University of IllinoisApril 26.Robert Karl Gassier, MD, is practicingmedicine in Cuhahoga Falls, Ohio.Leonard D. Goldberg, JD '45, is an as­sistant professor at the University of Wash­ington, Seattle.Walter R. Hepner, Jr., MD '44, who hasbeen a research fellow in pediatrics atChicago, joins the faculty of that depart­ment as an instructor' on July 1 at the ageof 27. Mrs. Hepner was Jean Harvey, '43,SB 44. Their daughter. Susan, is now inthe nursery school, making the third gen­eration of Hepners to matriculate on theMidway. Her grandfather is Walter R.Hepner, '19, president of San Diego Statecollege, and her grandmother was FrancesKeating, '11, before becoming Mrs. Hepner.Ruth L. Lambie, SM, is on the facultyof East Carolina Teachers College, Green­ville, North Carolina.Shirley A. Mayer (Mrs. William A.Barnes), MD, is a pediatrician in Ho-Ho­Kus, New Jersey.Richard H. Merrifield, MBA, and hiswife, the former Carolyn M. Vick, '42,recently moved into their new home inPark Ridge, Ill:Charles R. Mowery, Jr., MD, has justfinished a three-year residency in generalsurgery at Virginia Mason Hospital inSeattle, but needs an additional year forcompletion of his training as a specialistin general surgery, and hopes to get it inPortland, Oregon. On February 19, he wasmarried to a Seattle girl, Dorothy Hellen­thal.Lillian Parker (Mrs. R. W. Smith) oper­ates Rickman's Restaurant at Woodstock,Ontario.John W. Partridge, MD '45, is a phy­sician at the University of California Hos­pital in San Francisco.Wallace G. Patton is in the export de­partment of Goodyear Tire Company,Akron, Ohio.Richard A. Peterson is working at theArmour Research Foundation in Chicago.He was recently married to Miss LillianHruda of Berwyn.Jean Dorothy Ross, AM, is the wifeof Dr. Alexander M. Buchholz of Chicago.Leonard A. Walker is finishing work onhis PhD in biophysics at the University ofCalifornia, Berkeley, and plans to take aresearch post at the University of Kansasin Kansas City upon graduation.1944Haskell Mayer Black is teaching at Har­vard. He was married last June to ElainCarlen. "John S. de Beers is living in Washing­ton, D. C" where he is Director of theLatin-American Division of Monetary Re­search, United States Treasury.Edward R. Munnell, MD '46, after in­terning for 15 months at the Henry FordHospital in Detroit entered the U. S. Armyand is stationed at Fort Knox, Kentucky.Capt. Munnell' expects to leave this assign­ment july Ist, and return to Detroit where, he has accepted a residency in surgeryat Henry Ford Hospital. The Munnellshave two children, Mark Edward, age threeand Marcia Mary, born March 10, 1949.Richard C. Teasel is a research assistantat Purdue University.Harry H. Trate is a bookkeeper with thePotts-Farrington Company in Philadelphia,Pennsylvania.Monna Troub is associate editor of"EYE: People and Pictures," a new bookwith which she has been associated for afew months. "Bigger things are in theworks, however, but it has been a lot offun to see a new baby grow," writes Monnafrom New York City.1945Joseph Adler, JD '48, is with the Mer­chants Acceptance Company in Chicago.Henry Franklyn Brooks, MD, is assistantprofessor of anatomy at the Medical Col­lege of South Carolina, Charleston.Rose Mary Curtin, AM, is director ofCatholic Schools Bureau in Chicago.Ruth Marie David is a social workerin Chicago.Marshall B. Eyster is a student and in­structor at the University of Illinois, Ur­bana.Raymond Feldman, JD, is practicing lawin Tulsa, Oklahoma, while his wife, theformer Nancy K. Goodman, '44, JD '46,teaches sociology at the University of Tulsa.After nearly a year in the advertisingdepartment and 'sales promotion depart­ment at Armour & Co., Allen V. Jay, MBA'48, has become a partner in the Jay andGraham research organization which studiestelevision. Allen uses a diary techniquein TV homes : and has succeeded in gain­ing contract accounts for the service withCBS; Foote, Cone & Belding; J. WalterThompson; and others in the ad agencyfield. 'Helen E. Smith (Mrs. Harold Heave),SM, is a department head and teacher atCommunity High School, Elmhurst, Illinois,J. Robert Smudski became pastor of theIndependent Congregational' Church ofMeadsville, Pennsylvania, on May 1, 1949.H. Everett van Renken, MD, has re­turned to the U. S. from the Far East.Dr. van Renken was in China for a yearand one-half and had begun medical mis­sion work in Jukao, about 40 miles northof Shanghai. The Communist infiltrationforced them to give up the work until suchtime as it could be safely continued. He. plans on spending the next two years inthe Army,1946Henri Beaupre, AM, is secretary to theCommissioner of Industry for the Cityof Quebec. Mr. Beaupre also practices lawthere.Mary O. Brenz, AM, is assistant directorof trairiing in the Pennsylvania Departmentof Public Assistance in Harrisburg.Martha S. Bryant is executive assistantat the Olen Company in Mobile, Alabama.Gaylen W. Cronk, AM, is mathematicsteacher in the 6, 7, and 8 grades in Home­wood, Illinois. He writes that he wasmarried August 6, 1948.Abe Myron Goldrich, MBA, of Chicagoreceived the degree of certified public ac­countant April 26 at the University of Illi­nois.Charles G. Higgins, Jr., SM '47, teach­ing assistant at the University of California,will assist at the University of Michigansummer geology field camp (Camp Davis,Wyoming) this summer. Chuck is stillworking on his PhD-hopes to receive itin June, 1950. P hone: SAginaw 1 �3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeak. RepairedFree Edimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.TELEPHONE TA710r 9-64560; CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBock Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps1545 E. 63RD STREET6620 con AGE GROVl: AVENUEF AlrfIIx 4·0558PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETBIENENFELDChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St. PhoneLAfayette 3-8400CONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSNOrmal 7·0434T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone DOrchester 3-157932 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDistributors, Manulacturers IDd Jobbers .fELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - ENglewood 4-7500TELEVISIONDrop in and see ell programRADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRadio- TV ServiceAt home or shopELECTRICAL APPLIANCESRefrigerators Ra ngesWashers BlanketsSPORTING GOODSFor all seasonsRECORDSFine P��I���i��mfo�o��ifdrenHER�J1IAINS935 E. 55th StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Mldwoy 3-6700Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler; '33A. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING "nLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave.410 West Illth St. VI 6-9000PU 5-0034TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Dired Fadory DealerforCHRYSLER and PL YM.OUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMidway 3-4200AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd.. MOnroe 6-3192 James G. Hodgson, PhD, completing his the arrival of our second child, expected insecond year as chairman of the Council July." Their first child, John Allen, wasand Executive Committee of the Bibliog- two last April. They are enjoying Cali­raphical Center for Research-Rocky Moun- fornia (home is Sunnyvale) and "its lacktain Region, has just returned from Bill- _ of snow and zero weather."ings, Montana, and a meeting of librarians Earl W. Isbell by day is a graduate. stu­and -rural sociologists where library prob- dent at UCLA, aiming at a PhD in phi­lems in the Northern Great Plains were losophy; by night be is a production workerdiscussed. Dr. Hodgson is the chairman of in a chrome furniture factory. "By daythe local arrangements committee for the and night Judy (Judith M. Held, '46) is aTrans-Mississippi Region of the Library mother. Scotty (Earl Scott, '68) was 8Association 1949 conference which will be months old April 4. Judy thinks maybeheld at Colorado A. & M. College. we should have named him Dynamo."Last month we carried an article on Mer- Earl adds that the only word his sonrill Hutchins, DB, PhD '48, but through an says is "Hey!"-and they have to use aerror, we located him in Mt. Carmel, Illi- bit of imagination to hear that distinctly.nois. Actually, Dr. Hutchins is pastor of Marguerite Julian, assistant secretary ofthe First Baptist Church in Mt. Carroll, the American Marketing Association, hasIllinois. returned to Chicago from Urbana, Illinois.Dorothy J. Ladendorf is practice teaching Louis Kuipers, MBA, of Chicago receivedand hopes to receive her degree summer the degree of certified public accountantquarter. Her home is in Des Plaines, Illi- April 26 at the University of Illinois.nois. Matthew H. Kulawiec is meteorologistIrving Margolis, JD '49, is with the legal for Northwest Air Lines at the Seattle-firm of Bruhnke & Silver. Tacoma airport.Robert R. Martelle, MD, is in residency John W. Low, MBA '48, formerly of the County Hospital in Salt Lake City, luth, Minnesota, is now with the HardwareUtah. Mutual Insurance Company in StevensGertrude Mason is teaching in Wayne Point, Wisconsin.University, Detroit. Alexis Miller, MBA '48, is with Stude.Lawrence F. Smith, MD, is serving in the baker Corporation and commuting to Chi­navy with a home address in San Diego. cago weekends. Lex is looking for a houseNora (Eleanore) Tumin (Mrs. Leonard or apartment in South Bend or nearby;Mandel) is a dancer in Los Angeles. his engagement to Miss Carolyn Plas­man was announced in January. Theyplan to be married soon.Willis J. Service, Jr., is finishing hissenior year in chemical engineering at theUniversity of Michigan.Alvin D. Star has been selected as aGeorge Baker Scholar at Harvard Univer.sity's School of Business Administration.The award is bestowed each year on thetop five percent of the second year studentsat the school.James B. Stronks, AM, is an instructorin the General College at the Universityof Minnesota.Norman B. Ture, AM, is on the fa cui tyof the department of economics at IllinoisCollege in Jacksonville, Illinois.Robert Wendt is enjoying his experi­ences with the Actor's Company in Chicagoand plans to further his dramatic studiesthere.Eldon G. Wheeler, AM, assistant profes.sor of education at Kansas State College,Manha ttan, is in charge of the KansasStudy of Education for Citizenship.194iNathan E. Ballou, PhD, has joined theNaval Radiological Defense Laboratory asa. chemistry group leader at San Fran­cisco. Previously, Dr. Ballou was at theRadiation Laboratory of the University ofCalifornia, Berkeley.Gauri Rani Banerjee, AM, is professor ofmedical social work at Tate Institute ofSocial Sciences, Bycul1a, Bombay, India.. Lloyd C. Blair, MBA, is with Builders,Inc.,. office and personnel managers, Wich­ita, Kansas.Arthur Brody, was recently elected Fea­tures Editor of the Harvard Law SchoolRecord, weekly newspaper of students atthe school.Eileene J. B. Burrer is a senior at Ohio'University. She will take her B.S.Ed. inFebruary, 1950.Austin Lee Ely of Appleton, Wisconsin,is attending the University of Michigan.Charles W. Field, MBA, of Chicago, re­ceived the degree of certified public ac­countant on April 26 at the University ofIllinois. -H. Virginia Gilliland, MD, assistant resi­dent in pediatrics at the University Hos­pital, Ann Arbor, Michigan, will beginsurgical residency in July with NorthernPermanente Foundation at Vancouver,Washington.Sven H. Gummerus is working with theBureau of the Census, Washington, D. the Geography Division.Victoria K Hargrave, AM, is librarianat MacMurray College in Jacksonville, Illi­nois.Thomas Meade Harwell, Jr., AM, is anEnglish professor at the University of Mary­land.Mary Ella Hopkins, who is now Mrs.Charles Frederick Jones, is with Time New York City.John M. House, MBA '48, is keeping rec­ords on tin plate (?) for the San Jose,Calif., factory of American Can Company.His wife, the former Mary H. Allan, '40,is "turning a new house in a very newhousing project into a home and awaiting 1948Enrolled in the Golden Gate School ofLaw, San Francisco, is George O. Braden.George is also working 40 hours a weekfor the Fireman's Fund Insurance Com­pany.Persis Bums writes "I am at home tak­ing informal post graduate courses inhouse-keeping, cooking, child and infantcare. We have a large house (in Peeks­kill, N. Y.) and I have four younger broth.ers and sisters, one a baby just two." Allthis should come in handy for Persis-shewas engaged to David Houghton; a studentat Chicago, last June. They hope to bemarried within the next year or so., Frank J. Chilese, AM, at Boys Town,Nebraska, writes that he is going to be afather in September.Malcolm Correll, PhD, is chairman ofthe physical science program at OklahomaA. & M. in Stillwater.D. Clifford Crummey is associate minis­ter and director of the Wesley Foundationat the First Methodist Church, Palo Alto,California.ggTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN£.Eleanore F. Denehee is a student at theUniversity of Connecticut, School of Law,in Hartford.Roger V. Dickeson, MBA, is attendinglaw school at Creighton University, Omaha.Edward J. Flickinger, MBA, under thename of Eddie James, leads a dance or­chestra.Otis D. Froe, PhD, is dean of studentsat Wilberforce (Ohio) State College.Luther H. Gulick, Jr., AM, is on thefaculty of the Florida State University inTallahassee. Mrs. Gulick (Melba M. Chris­tensen, '46, AM '4S) is working in theState Educational Department there.Margaret Louise Hall is librarian at theLa Grange (Illinois) public library.Jeanne A. Hannan, AM, currently pre­paring for her PhD in English at Colum­bia University, was married to Robert J.Cumming of the Columbia department ofphilosophy on June 12, 1948. The Cum­mings are living in New York City.Melvene Draheim Hardee, PhD, is coordi­aator of counseling at Florida State Univer­sity in Tallahassee.Lode Dodge Jerrell (Mrs. Robert E.)is a housewife in Walnut Grove, California.Eugene Walter Jobst, Jr., AM, is insocial welfare work at Chippewa Falls,Wisconsin.Robert L. Kealy is with the Office ofthe Regional Attorney of the U. S. Depart­ment of Agriculture here in Chicago.Robert F. Kline is among the 275 stu­dents enrolled in the Spring class of theAmerican Institute for Foreign Trade atThunderbird Field, Arizona. The trainingcourse prepares the students for positionswith foreign divisions of American busi­ness firms operating abroad and govern­mental careers.Clemens F. Kowalczyk is now working asoffice manager for George A. Allen Co.,Chicago, factory agents and distributors.David E. Mann, SM and PhD, engagedin research in quantum mechanics at theUniversity of Minnesota, was one of sixrecipients of the 1949-50 Frank. B. JewettFellowships awarded by the American Tele­f>hone and Telegraph Co.Orsell M. Meredith, Jr., is continuinghis education at the University of SouthernCalifornia.Henry R. Odell, MBA, of Chicago, wasawarded the degree of certified public ac­countant April 26, at the University of Illi­nois.Davavrat Nanubhai Pathak, AM, is alecturer and professor in Ahmedabad,India.Alex Soll, MBA, of Chicago, was awardedthe degree of certified public accountan tApril 26 at the University of Illinois.Lester R. Uretz, JD, is in the Office ofthe General Counsel, Food & Drug Division,of the Federal Security Agency.1949Estelle F. Hammon, AM, is supervisor ofthe Tippecanee (Indiana) County Depart-ment of Public Welfare. -Robert O. Johnson, AM, is a consultanton local g-overnment in Philadelphia.Kenneth S. Tisdel, AM, is a librarian atthe University of Missouri.ENGAGEMENTSMrs. Phillip J. Bang of Flushing, NewYork, recently announced the engagementof her daughter, Ethel Phyllis Bang, toByron E. Kabot, '39, JD '41. Mr. Kabot,formerly law secretary to Justice StanleyF. Reed of the Supreme Court, is now withPillsbury, Madison and Sutro in San Fran­cisco, California. Monroe S. Fein, '43, hero of an Irgunmunitions ship disaster, recently returnedto his home in Chicago to introduce hisPalestinian bride-elect to his. family. Sheis Malca Haroon, a former nurse in Ha­dassah Hospital in Tel Aviv, and laterhead nurse for the Irgun underground.Robert Gemmer, '47, will marry MissMyrna Fiory of North Manchester, Indiana,on June 11. They will both participate inthe Brethren Service Commission's projectnear Stuttgart. After the conclusion 'Oftheir project they will travel over Europe.In December they will go to the HolyLand. Their return trip will start in Janu­ary, via India, China, the Philippines, andJapan, visiting the missions of the Disciplesof Christ under the direction of the UnitedChristian Missionary Society.Mr. and Mrs. M. Spillane of Milton,Mass., announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Eleanora Teresa, to Lt. Cdr. Rob­ert E. Sorenson, '39, of Chicago.MARRIAGESYvonne Cummings became the bride ofGordon A. Phillips,. '47, in Fayetteville,Arkansas, recently. They will be at homein Beverly Hills, California, after June 1.Herbert Irving Baer, '46, was marriedMarch 6 to Nancy Fink '47. The groom isa law student in Cambridge. Harvard, nodoubt.Miss Diane Miller, student at Northwest­ern University, recently became the brideof Arnold M. Chutkow, '4S, a student inour Law School. Arnold is the son ofSamuel Chutkow, 'IS, JD '20, of Denver,Colorado.Margaret Cornuelle, AM '4S, became Mrs.Robert E. Rocketts on August 28, 1941>.They are living in Chicago.Anne E. Duvendeck, '46, became thebride of William E. Murphy on May 7,1949, at Thorndike Hilton Chapel. Maid­of-honor was Joan Beckman, '46, who isplanning a wedding of her own in June­she will be married to Ross Chism, a stu­dent at Chicago.Florence Ann O'Donnell, '46, becameMrs. joseph P. Dockery on January 22,1949. They are living in Chicago.We have just received word of the Oc­tober, 1947, marriage of Edward E. Gordon,'40, Lt., USAF, to Miss Martha Sue Harrisin Hoechst, Germany. The Gordons arestill stationed overseas.Laura L. Tolsted, '45, was married toWilliam H. Mathews in June, 1948. Theyare living in Victoria, B. C., Canada.Mary K. Friedley, AM '43, is now Mrs.Wallace M. Houte and lives in Akron,Ohio.Leonore R. Wertheimer, '38, is now Mrs.H. A. Schlanger of Shreveport, Louisiana.Patricia J. Murphy, '4S, became the brideof Robert J. Kilpatrick, JD '4S, on January20, 1949. P. J. and Bob are living in Bev­erly Hills, California, where Bob has hislaw office.Joan N. Sell, '47, became the bride ofWilliam A. Jensen on June 20, 1948. TheJ ensens are living in Chicago. Joan is anIBM key punch operator.Helen Yonan, '42, and Kurt J. Rorig, '42,were married March 20, 1949, in San Fran­cisco, California. They are now living inChicago.Charles C. Parlin, '46, was married toMiss Joan Bona, a Northwestern graduate,on June 28, 1948, in Evanston, Illinois.Charles expects to graduate from the U. ofPennsylvania Law School in January, 1950.Natalie E. Bernard, '45, is now Mrs. A. S.Neuberger and lives in Chicago. ANIMAL CAGESofAdvanced Scientific DesignACME SHEET METAL WORKS1121 East 55th St.Chicago 15, III.Phone: HYde Park 3-9500POND LETTER SERVICEEvery thins in' Letter.Hoove. Type.rltl ••MultlgraphlngAdMulograph Servl ..Highest Quality S.rvl •• M Im,ographl ••Addr ... I ••MalllniMinimum PrJ •••All PhonesHArrison 7-8118 418 So. Market St.ChicagoSTENOTYPYLearn De.." .. peedy machine shortband, Le ..eifort, no cramped fingers or nervous tatiiue.Alao other co.raea: Typinll, �oold,ee�n�,Comptometry, etc. Day or evenmg. Visll.wrll' (W pitCHI' for .a'a.Bryant��StrattonCOLLEGE'-18 S. MICHIGAN AVE:' Tel. RAndolpb 1-1575AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement whleb lImltll Itswork to the university and college fteld.It is affiliated with the Vii'" Teach,..,Agency of Chloogo, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist In the' appointment of admlnlstratorsas well as of teachers.Our servlce Is nation-wide.Since J885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University.Coli.ege, Secondary and Elementary. Nation·wide patronage. Call or writ. us at2S E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisCLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency61th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices-One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd .• ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City. Mo.Spokane-New York34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3-4404GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting-Dec:orating-Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women·s HotelIn theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Grac:eful living to Uni­versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, Dlrec:torSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-7180 Harriet Frazier, AM '49, was married toMark S. Beaubien, '44, MD '46, on July 10,1945. Mark is medical resident physician atPresbyterian Hospital, Chicago, and Har­riet (who received her degree as HarrietBeaubien) is. working at Central Adminis­tration of the University.Anne Kapsis, '45, was married to HarryPorter, AM '49, in September, 1945. ThePorters are living in Chicago.On March 13, 1949, Yvonne Lamon, '47,became the bride of Julian Olevsky, violin­ist, of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The couplewill live in New York City.Joan Littell, '44, became the bride ofEugene W. Osborn on February 20, 1949.Both Chicagoans, the Osborns took a wed­ding trip to the Caribbean.Carol M. Maginnis, '39, is Mrs. C. MerleHarger of Chicago, Illinois. Carol writesthat she finds herself buried under anavalanche of cleaning, cooking, ironing, andmending!Mr. and Mrs. Edward D. Mitchell ofBeverly Hills, California, announce themarriage of their daughter, Elaine GraceMitchell, '45, to Henry Attias of Sacra­mento on March 20, 1949.Velma L. Nesbit, '46, became the bride ofthe Rev. J. Terrell Stewart on October 23,1945. The Stewarts are living in Beaumont,Texas, where Velma is librarian at theCharlton-Pollard High School.William J. O'Leary, '42, of Chicago, Illi­nois, was married to Josephine Lyons onFebruary 26, 1949.Dr. and Mrs. Samuel 1. Joseph (LeahSpillberg, '39, AM '40) of New York Cityannounce the birth of Susan Alice on July3, 1945. Mrs. Joseph is an instructor inEnglish at the Newark College of Rutgers.BIRTHSA year ago the mother herself wouldhave been writing this. But this springour former associate editor has more im­portant matters to a t tend to. EmilyBrooke, wife of Clement E. Brooke, M.D.'48, gave birth to a son, Clement EustaceBrooke, III, May 6, in Rochester, NewYork. Weight;: eight pounds and threeounces .. Mr. and Mrs. Walter F. Yondorf (Anne L.Lowald, '46), Chicago, became the parentsof a baby girl on March IS, 1949. BarbaraAnne caused her mother considerable em­barrassment since it caused Anne to missher two final examinations that were givenon that day!Ruth P. Murray, '43, and Robert J.Hughes, '41, of Oak Lawn, Illinois, an­nounce the birth of a son, Robert Joseph,Jr., March 10, 1949. "Mother and baby aredoing fine. Father and daughter (PattyLou, age 3Y2) are still trying to get used tothe idea." Bob is with the engineering de­partment of Illinois Bell Telephone Co.Ted Fink, '39, JD '41, announces thebirth of Robert Lewis on March 31. Robertjoins Dennis Richard, age 2Y2, at theFink home. Ted is with the firm of Brown,Fox and Blumberg, Chicago.Phones OAkland 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old ReliableHyde· Park Awning Co.INC.Awning' and Canopies for All Purpolel4508 Cottage Grove Avenue David Stanley, Jr., was born on January21, 1949, at BDlling A. F. Base Hospital,Washington, D. C. Father is David S.Dennis '47, and Mother is Lois M. StallingDennis, also '47. Dave, Sr., is personnelofficer of the 1909th A.A.C.S. Squadron,Andrews A.F. Base, and invites calls fromfriends visiting the Washington, D. C.,area.Dr. and Mrs. Erich Weis (Jane E. Blair,AM '44) of Waukegan, Illinois, announcethe 'birth of Marguerite on February 28,1949. Dr. Weis is a graduate of the Uni­versity of Pisa, Italy.A daughter, Betsy Hart, born April i,1949, to Jeanne and Edward S. Stern, '37,JD '40, of Highland Park, Illinois. TheSterns have a son, Thomas Edward, nowthree years old.Mr. and Mrs. Elmer A. Schmidt (Eliza­beth S. Cassels, '38) of Phoenix, Arizona,announce the birth of Mariette CasselsSchmidt on March 5, 1949.Harry Ruja, AM '34, announces the birthof his third daughter, Nancy Joanna, onMarch 10, 1949; other daughters areMichele Beryl, age 6, and Ellen Gay, almost5. The Rujas live in San Diego whereHarry is assistant professor of philosophyand psychology at the State College.A (red-haired) daughter, Cynthia, wasborn to Carol Miller, '45, and Robert I.Jackson, '42, on January 20, 1949. TheJacksons live in Ithaca, New York.Robert C. Dille, '44, and his wife, Vir­ginia L. Nichols, '43, are the paren ts ofLorraine Virginia born January 19, 1949.Lorraine is the granddaughter of John F.Dille, '09, chairman of the Board of Direc­tors of the Alumni Foundation.Mr. and Mrs. Dean T. Jenks (Ruth E.Miller, '43), of Chicago, announce the birthof Dean Tyler, Jr., on April 1, 1949.Francis J. Klapp, MBA '47, and his wife,the former Anna M. Huling, '42, announcethe birth of a son, Joseph Albert, on janu.ary 25, 1949. Joseph is the grandson of Col.John Huling, Jr., '17, and Mrs. Huling(Helen L. .Moffet, '20) of Chicago.Mr. and Mrs. Haskell Kasanov (MurielBlock, '43), of Chicago, announce the birthof Joel Steven on April 12, 1949.DEATHSWill D; Andersen, AM '30, teacher andprincipal for 48 years, passed away at Hen.rotin Hospital in Chicago on May 3, 1949,after an illness. of six weeks. He was aresident 'Of Oak Park, Illinois.Bert I. Beverly, MD (Rush) '24, pediatric.psychologist of Oak Park, Illinois, diedSeptember 27, 1945, at his office in OakPark.Willard F. Blakeway, '37, SM '40, chemis.try teacher and experimental engineer, diedJanuary 13, 1949, in Los Angeles, Califor­nia. He is the son of Herbert N. Blakeway,'27, AM '28, of Chicago.We have just learned of the death ofElisabeth Bosworth (Mrs. David R., AM �40, in June, 1945. Mrs. Wheelerhad been a psychiatric social worker atMichael Reese Hospital in Chicago.Charles B. Brooks, AM, died in Germanyin November, 1944.Lewis A. W. Burtah, MD '97, on January13 in Phoenix, Arizona.Harold G. Conley, '14, of the Hire School,Pottstown, Pennsylvania, died in Januaryof this year.Anna M. Corbett, '02, on March 10 jnBarberton, Ohio.Essie M. Davidson, '13, AM '14, formerlya general secretary of the YMCA, died inTucson, Arizona, December 27, 1945.35THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHarry Lee Davis, '16, JD '18, died in Chi­cago last March.James G. Elsdon, an alumnus of the OldUniversity, passed away in Chicago onJanuary 15, 1949.Mary Elizabeth Lewis Greene, '95, ofPrinceton, New Jersey, passed away on Jan­uary 9, 1949. Mrs. Greene is survived byher husband, Arthur W. Greene, Jr.H. Margaret Hardin, AM '41, supervisinglibrarian at Fresno State College (Califor­nia), died February 4, 1949.Joseph. K. Hart, PhD '09, who was pro­fessor of education at Teachers College, Co­lumbia University, from 1934 to 1940, diedMarch 10, 1949, in Hudson, New York.His home was in Amenia, New York. Dr.Hart taught at the University of Washing­ton, Reed College, University of Wisconsin,and Vanderbilt College before going to Co­lumbia, and was the author of a numberof books on education.Eli Herman, '23, JD '25, formerly of Chi­cago, died March 31, 1949, at Miami Beach,Florida.Alma Mary Holden, '01, died. in Pent­water, Michigan, May 9, 1948.Clinton L. Hoy, '00, MD (Rush) '06, re­tired major in the US Army, died April 14,1949, in San Francisco. He was buried atthe Presidio there.Charles E. Janvrin, '10, died March 26,1949, in Urbana, Illinois. He had beennatural history librarian at the Universityof Illinois from 1912 to 1936 when he re­tired.Ottis L. Johnson, AM '37, died in Louis­ville, Kentucky, November 20, 1948.Corban E. Judd, MD (Rush) '98, passedaway April 20, 1949, at his home in SanJose, California. He had been in poorheal th for several years and had a strokeat the last.Roy D. Keehn, '02, JD '04, for many yearsprominent as a lawyer, soldier, public offi­cial, and one time widely known in thenewspaper business, died February 21, 1949,at the Passavant Hospital in Chicago. Aretired lieutenant general of the IllinoisNational guard, Keehn served as chairmanof the Illinois Commerce Commission,chairman of the Illinois Armory Board, andwas a member of the Illinois State BoxingCommission, in addition to his law prac·rice.Inez Kelso (Mrs" William S. Hill), AM'13, died in Gardena, California, .on April27, 1949, after a long illness.Herbert H. King, PhD '18, head of thedepartment of chemistry, Kansas State Col­lege, from 1918 to 1948, died March 11,1949.Elizabeth E. Langley, '17, principal ofthe Edgewood School, Greenwich, Connecti­cut, died February 7, 1949.Walter A. Loper, '16, associated withUnited Newspapers Magazine Corporationin San Francisco, died February 26, 1949.Irene P. McKeehan, PhD '23, died March24, 1949, from a heart attack. Miss McKee­han served for 33 years on the facul ty ofthe University of Colorado.Marguerite McManus, '38 (Mrs. R. V.Murray), died in Minneapolis january 14,1948.William H. Morse, '81, whose 46 years ofservice in the Minneapolis city attorney'soffice won him recognition as "most valu­able public servant," died February 6,1949, at the age of 94. Mr. Morse enteredthe city attorney's office in 1889 and reotired in 1935 at the age of 81. He is sur­vived by his wife, two sons and three daugh­ters. Carr Baker Neel, '97, of Palo Alto, Cali­fornia, died March 2, 1949, after an illnessof several months.Charles S. Pendleton, PhD '21, died sud­denly from a heart attack October 21, 1948,at the age of 69. Dr. Pendleton, at thetime of his death, was professor of Englishat Austin Peay State College, Clarksville,Tenn., and professor emeritus of PeabodyCollege, Nashville, Tenn., since 1946.Edwin Rudd Post, '07, who owned a largealfalfa ranch near Landcaster, California,was killed in an automobile accident inMarch.The body of Grace J. Rasmussen, '45, wasrecovered from Lake Michigan, April 14,1949, nearly two months after she disap­peared. Miss Rasmussen, a scholarship win­ner who was working on her master's atthe University, had been advised to dropout of school during the winter to rest.Edward N. Reed, MD (Rush) '04, ofSanta Monica, California, died October 18,1948.Henry Burke Robins, AM '11, PhD '12,professor emeritus of history and philos­ophy of religion, Colgate-Rochester Divin­ity School, died March 11, 1949, at Orlando,Florida.Wendell H. Shanner, '24, Chicago lawyer,passed away on March 15, 1949. Mr. Shan­ner resided in Riverside, Illinois.George H. Shrodes, MD (Rush) '91, re­tired physician, passed away in Los Ange­les, California. on January 4, 1949.Howard A. Slater, '06, of Graham Beach,N. Y., president of the Graham-Slater Com­pany, died April 6, 1949, in St. Vincent'sHospital, New York City.Samuel T. Slaton, '12, minister in Gads­den, Alabama, passed away January 30,1949.Dr. Ralph H. Smith, '02, died at hishome in Lancaster, Ohio, in May, 1944.Irene F. SrilI, '33, of Chicago, died Janu­ary 28, 1949. Miss Srill served as a recrea­tion worker for the American Red Crossoverseas during the war;Benjamin F. Stalcup, AM '23, formerhead of Drake Junior College in JerseyCity, died February 19, 1949, while visitinghis brother in Paoli, Indiana. He was anassociate professor of sociology at NewYork University before leaving to help or­ganize Drake Jr. College in 1932.Laura A. Thompson, '01, passed awayApril 23, 1949, in Washington, D. C. MissThompson, for years the librarian of theChildren's Bureau, became librarian of theDepartment of Labor in 1917 where shedid distinguished work, not only in admin­istration, but also in the publication ofvaluable bibliographies.John ·W. Tope, '08, MD (Rush) '09, OakPark, Illinois, physician, passed away April30, 1949.Cecil Von Bachelle, '97, SM '98, MD(Rush) '00, of Chicago, passed away Sep­tember 21, 1948.Madelyn Woodruff (Mrs. William Bet­teridge), '15, died March 27, 1949, in theOrange (New Jersey) Hospital after an ill­ness of several months.BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings Hospital.. Official Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492Trained and license·d attendants CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3-3935"Goofl Prirati.,., 01 All Deacriptiolll"Real Estate and Insurance1500 East 51th Street Hyde Park 3·2525AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo Engraver.Artist, - Electrotyper,Maker. of Prlntlno Plate.429 T alephoneS. Ashland Blvd. MOnroe 6-7515BOYDSTON BROS.. INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage· Grove Ave.OAkland 4-0492BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED ... BONDEDINSUREDQUAIJFIED WELDERSHAymar1et 1-79171404-08 S. Western A'Va.. ChicaqoE. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph-Offset-Printing731 Plymouth CourtWAbash 2-8182RESULTS ...depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTING'Imprinting-Proc�8sed Letters - TypewritingAddressing';' Folding - MailingA Complete Service for Direct Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-4561INDEX FOR VOLUME 41 (1948-49)ARTICLES BOOK REVIEWSMonth-PageAFTER 26 YEARS (HAROLD H. SWIFT RETIREMENT) March 2ALUMNI CITATIONS October 15ANCIENT ARTS AND NEW IDEAS, Vivian A. Rogers November 10ART FOR THE AD BUILDING , May 4BEHIND THE BEARD (JAY CHRIST) April 19BACKSTAGE IN JULY October 9BEHIND THE LINES IN No MAN'S LAND,Vivian A. Rogers ............................•. February 10A BOUNTIFUL YIELD May 15THE BREASTED VISION, John A. Wilson May 8SOPHONISBA BRECKINRIDGE October 20BRIGHTER FOR HER LOVE (EDITH FOSTER FLINT)Fred B. Millett. June 19BULBS ON THE McKENZIE November 13BUSINESS Is MORE THAN BUSINESS, Paul Gray Hoffman .. October 6CAMPUS COMMUNISM, William V. Morgenstern April 5CHICAGO ROUND TABLE ON THE BROYLES BILLS April 8CIVILIZATION OF THE DIALOGUE, Robert M. Hutchins March 3COMMUNISM IN EUROPE AND AMERICAA British Opinion, Gordon K. Lewis October 16A Swedish Opinion, Gunnar Heckscher October 17CONSTITUTION FOR THE WORLD, Elisabeth Mann BorgesePart I ' March 8Part II April 16Part III ....................•..................... May 11CULTURE IN CHICAGO, Sir Richard Livingstone June 8CURRICULI- CURRICULUM, Joseph B. Harrison February 5EDITOR'S MEMO PAD : Each Issue Except JanuaryEDUCATION FOR DEMOCRACY, Jacob Van Staaveren February 2GOODSPEED WEEK, Harold R. Willoughby December JHAMLET AND THE WAGES OF REASONDon Cameron Allen November 6HIGHBROW HOLIDAY, Michael Weinberg, Jr March 15HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION No. 21 April 4THE HUMAN FACTOR : .. ; November 14IT Is MORE BLESSED, Bert H. Boerner December 3JURIST TO JOURNALIST October 5MERRIAM OF THE FIFTH May 18HARRY A. MILLIS .: October 20A NEW RELIGION, A. EUSTACE HAYDON-Part I May 5Part II June 10NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES, Jeannette Lowrey Each IssueONE CONTINUAL SWING, Michael Weinberg, Jr.Part I ...................................•.. November 3Part II , December 13ONE MAN'S OPINION Each Issue Except JuneOUTPOST IN AN ALIEN SEA, Emerson E. Lynn June 7PIN-UP Puss May 10READING LISTS May 3RECOGNITION (MARY ZIMMERMAN '02) Novemher 15THE RETIRING PROFESSOR AND THE '47 DODGE(E. J. KRAUS) February 17REUNION REVIEW ..•............................... October 4REPLY TO THE EDITORS, Robert M. Hutchins January 6THE RISING EAST, Phillips Talbot. June 5SAFER THAN CROSSING THE STREET-Lying-in Reports .. February 3SPRINGFIELD SUMMARY, William V. Morgenstern June 3STUDENT ACTIVITIES, Arthur R. Day October 8November 20December 12January 18SUNDAY, MARCH 20-Midwinter Reunion May 16MARION TALBOT December 16A THING UNIQUE (Charles Harting Percy) March 7TRADITION AND PROGRESSIVE DESIGN, Jean Maunoury .. January 1A TRIBUTE (Edith Foster Flint), Letitia Fyffe Merrill June 21TRUSTEE TO ALUMNUS-A Letter on Communism April 6UNIVERSITY MOVES IN October IUSEFUL CITIZEN (Alumni Awards) March IIVIRUS FIGHTERS ; ; April 12WALGREEN INVESTIGATION April 7WHAT ARE WE DOING ABOUT IT?, Bernard R. Berelson.January 9WHAT HAPPENED TO THE POLLS?, Clyde W. Hart and .Gordon M. Connelly February 6WHEN THE STORM COMES; George Kyncl December 8WISCONSIN REUNION February 22 Month-PageChrist-Janier, Albert, ELIEL SAARINEN Jan. ICOMMITTEE TO FRAME A WORLD CONSTITUTION,PRELIMINARY DRAFT OF A WORLD CONSTITUTION June IDack, G. M., FOOD POISONING June Ide Grazia, Sebastian, THE POLITICAL COMMUNITY Jan. IEinstein, David G., EMPEROR FREDERICK II Jan. IGoodspeed, Edgar J., THE NEW TESTAMENT Dec. 2Harris, Victor, ALL COHERENCE GONE June IHerrick, C. Hudson, GEORGE ELLETT COGHILL June IHole, Myra Cadwalader, BARTOLOME MITRE, A POET INACTION 'June IKuiper, Gerard P., ed., THE ATMOSPHERE OF EARTH ANDPLANETS May 2Landis, Kenesaw M., SEGREGATION IN WASHINGTON April 2Levin, Peter R., SEVEN BY CHANCE April 3Lipson, Leslie, THE POLITICS OF EQUALITY Nov. IPierson, Donald and de Cunha, Mario Wagner Viera,RESEARCH AND RESEARCH POSSIBILITIES IN BRAZIL June IPotter, Edith L., FETAL AND NEONATAL DEATH .. : May 2Riddle, Donald W., LINCOLN RUNS FOR CONGRESS Jan. IShera, Jesse H., FOUNDATIONS OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY June IOgburn, William F., ed.,TECHNOLOGY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS June IThrupp, Sylvia L., MERCHANT CLASS OF MEDIEVAL LONDON .. Nov. Ivon Simson, Otto G., SACRED FORTRESS May 2Wallace, Elizabeth, ELIZABETH WALLACE REMEMBERS Oct. 2Wright, Quincy, ed., THE WORLD COMMUNITY Dec. 2Zener, Clarence M., ELASTICITY AND ANELASTICITY OFMETALS .•......................................... Nov. I,AUTHORSAllen, Don Cameron, HAMLET AND THE WAGES OF REASON .. Nov. 6Berelson, Bernard R., WHAT ARE WE DOING ABOUT IT? Jan. 9Boerner, Bert H., IT Is MORE BLESSED Dec. 5Borgese, Elisabeth Mann; CONSTITUTION FOR THE WORLDPart I March 8Part II April 16Part III ; May IIConnelly, Gordon M., WHAT HAPPENED TO THE POLLS? Feb. 6Day, Arthur R., STUDENT ACTIVITIES Oct. 8Nov. 20Dec. 12Jan. 18Harrison, Joseph B., CURRICULI-CURRICULUM . .. Feb. 5Hart, Clyde W., WHAT HAPPENED TO THE POLLS? Feb. 6Haydon, A. Eustace, A NEW RELIGION (Part I) May 5----, A NEW RELIGION (Part II) June 10Hecksher, Gunnar, COMMUNISM IN EUROPE AND AMERICA-A SWEDISH OPINION Oct. 16Hoffman, Paul Gray, BUSINESS Is MORE THAN BUSINESS Oct. 6Hutchins, Robert M., CIVILIZATION OF THE DIALOGUE March 3----, A REPLY TO THE EDITORS , Jan. 6Kyncl, George, WHEN THE STORM COMES Dec. 8Lewis, . Gordon K., COMMUNISM IN EUROPE AND AMERICA-A BRITISH OPINION Oct. 16Livingstone, Richard, CULTURE IN CHICAGO June 8Lowrey, Jeannette, NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES Each IssueLynn, Emerson E., OUTPOST IN AN ALIEN SEA June 7Maunoury, Jean, TRADITION AND PROGRESSIVE DESIGN Jan. 1Merrill, Letitia Fyffe, A TRIBUTE-EDITH FOSTER FLINT June 21Millett, Fred B., BRIGHTER FOR HER LOVE-EDITH FOSTER FLINT June ]9Morgenstern, William V., CAMPUS COMMUNISM Apr. 5SPRINGFIELD SUMMARY June 3----, ONE MAN'S OPINION Each Issue Except JuneRogers, Vivian A., ANCIENT ARTS AND NEW IDEAS Nov. 10----, BEHIND THE LINES IN No MAN'S LAND Feb. 10Tal bot, Phillips, THE RISING EAST June 5Van Staaveren, Jacob, EDUCATION FOR DEMOCRACY Feb. 2Weinberg, Michael, Jr., HIGHBROW HOLIDAY March 15----, ONE CONTINUAL SWING (Part I) Nov. 3----, ONE CONTINUAL SWING (Part II) Dec. 13Willoughby, Harold R., GOODSPEED WEEK Dec. 1Wilson, John A., T�E BREASTED VISION "fay 836NEW YORK LIFEINSURANCE COMPANY51 Madison Avenue, New York 10, N. Y. • FEW OCCUPATIONS offer a man so much in,the wa y of personal reward as life underwri ting.Many New York Life agents are building verysubstantial futures for themselves by helpingothers plan ahead for theirs. If you would liketo know more about a life insurance career,talk it over with the New York Life managerin your community-or write to the HomeOffice at the address at left.AUghtatZ3Elm StreetThe sun had gone down and thepurple of dusk was turning to the darkof night. A middle-aged man, smok­ing his pipe contentedly, walked downtree-canopied Elm Street.As the man passed number 28,he saw a light come on in the living­room. It was a cheerful light that,somehow, seemed warmer than anyof the lights in neighboring windows.The man often walked down ElmStreet and every time he saw tha t lightin the window he felt the same glowof satisfaction. It meant that all waswell within. Mrs. Allen had put hertwo children to bed and had settledherself for an evening of sewing orreading. Later some friends wouldprobably drop in.Yet how different it might havebeen. The woman was alone wi th twochildren, but hardship had not movedin with them.The man in the street was amodest man, but he could not helpfeeling that he had played an impor­tant part in this story. He remem­bered the nigh t he had persuaded Mr.Allen to take the step that had meantso much to his family just three yearslater. He could not help but feel that,'if Mr. Allen could somehow be walk­ing with him tonight, he would put ahand on his shoulder and say, "I'mglad you came over that night."The man walked on, thinkingback upon his own life. He had been aNew York Life agent for fifteen yearsand often-like tonight, for instance-he felt that he had chosen the bestpossible career for himself. He whis­tled softly as he turned off Elm Streetand headed toward home.IT h" · itd"· b InOW t B inst e plcture �S=C carerTO:QAY, when the doctor uses X-rays for check-up or diag­nosis, he sees and learns much more - and with greateraccuracy-than ever before. For now, in a triumph of sci­ence and research, the X-ray goes far beyond its first roleof showing bone fractures, or locating metal objects thatwere swallowed by mistake.Through the use of chemical "contrast agents," theo-rgans of our bodies are now made to stand out sharply anddistinctly in X-ray pictures. Special chemicals, adminis­tered by mouth or by injection, concentrate in the organ tobe studied. These chemicals offer higher resistance to thepassage of X-rays, resulting in a more vivid picture. Doc­tors are finding this technique especially valuable in study­ing the digestive tract and the kidneys.Better materials have aided medical research in devel­oping these and other aids in X-ray diagnosis. Many typesof X-ray tubes are more effective when filled with nitrogengas. Stronger steels and steels that are stainless give us X-rayequipment that is lighter-easier to handle and maintain. Electrical equipment depends on carbon ... and on insula­tions that are more effective, thinner, and longer lasting,thanks to the better plastics now available.Synthetic chemicals go into "contrast agents" - alsomany medicines and anesthetics, while pure oxygen sus­tains lives during periods of heart and lung difficulty.The people of Union Carbide produce many materialsfor the advancement of medicine. They also produce manyother materials for the use of science and industry - to thebenefit of mankind.FREE: LeI us send you the new illustrated book­let, "Products and Processes," which shows howscience and industry use veC's Alloys, Chemi­cals, Carbons, Gases and Plastics. Just write-UNION CARBIDEA.lV.D CARBON CORPOB.A.TIO.N30 EAST 42ND STREET � NEW YORK 17, N. 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