3 THEY KePT RGIh7NG •.. ANt) THE MA.CHINeSt./)WED DOWN. SOO}l7HE PRICE Or HAPPI/{�SS SKYRoCJa:.7E/)/They stopped fighting among themselves.They got together like sensible humanbeings . . . management, labor, farmers,consumers.And they said "Look ... we've got some­thing wonderful and special here in America... something so good it saved all the rest ofthe world twice in 25 years."It isn't perfect yet ... we still have upsand downs of prices and jobs. But our sys­tem has worked better than anything elsethat's ever been tried."And we can make it better still ... we canbuild for peace as we built for war withouteven working harder-just working together."We can invent and use more and bettermachines, can apply more power. We can work out better methods in our factories,stores and offices. We can have better collec­tive bargaining. We can develop more skillson the job.By doing these things, we can producemore every hour we work, at constantlylower costs."The bigger the flow of goods, the morethere will be for everyone. Higher wages tobuy the good things of life and more leisureto enjoy them I"SO that's the way they did it. And theylived happily ever after.THE BETTER WE PRODUCETHE BETTER WE LIVEApproved for the PUBLIC POLICY COMMITTEE of The Advertising Council by:EVANS CLARK, Executive PAUL G. HOFFMAN, For- BORIS SHISHKIN, Econo-Director, Twentieth Century merly President, Studebaker mist, American Federation ofFund. Corporation. Labor.Published in the Public Interest by:The B.E Goodrich Co. ,------------------FREESend for thisinterestingbooklet today! THE]\1 IPACLEOFAlV1ERICAApproved byrepresentatives of Management,Labor and the PublicIn words and picture, it tells you-How our U. S. EconomicSystem started-Why Americans enjoy the world's high-est standard of living-Why we take progress for granted-How mass production began-How we have been able to raise wagesand shorten working hours-Why more Americans have jobs thanever before- Why the mainspring of our system isproductivity- How a still better living can be had for allMAIL THE COUPON to Public Policy Com­mittee, The Advertising Council, Inc.,25 West 45th Street, New York 19, N. Y.NAME _ADDRESS __OCCUPATION _EDITOR'S MEMO PADAlumni reunionsA breakfast for the graduates of theDepartment of Sociology was' '. held in thePiccadilly Tea Room in Chicago at thetime of the forty-third annual meeting ofthe American Sociological Society. Depart­ment chairman E. W. Burgess welcomedthe former students and colleagues. Otherfaculty members, past and. present, spokebriefly; then everyone introduced himself.Unfortunately, the breakfast was so wellattended that we haven't room to list theSixty-seven!In New York on Tuesday, January 4,forty-five prominent east coast alumni. helda dinner at the New York MetropolitanClub to honor a visitor from Chicago:Harold H. Swift, '07, Chairman of theBoard of Trustees. The dinner was ar­ranged by Trustee Ernest E. Quantrell, '05.The toastmaster was Chicago'S formerpopular dean, James Rowland Angell.Again we resent our space limitations.You'd recognize so many old friends ifwe could list the names.The alumni of the School of Businessare going great guns in Chicago under thepresidency of Mrs. Harriette Kemp Kaye,'40. Every six weeks they gather for asocial evening on the guadrangles, wicthspeakers from Chicago Business firms, ap­propriate films on industries, and refresh­ments. Attendance has averaged abovefifty. .Other recent club meetings: Dean Wil­bur Katz, of the Law School, was theguest of our Washington, D. C. club; yourSecretary and Lenore Callahan, '48, stageda questions and answers dialogue aboutthe College for the Cleveland Club at aSunday afternoon tea in the nome ofMr.' and Mrs. Paul Oppmann (CatherineHerbolscheimer, '38). Over 40 attended.Dean' of Students Robert M. Strozier hadto be on the west coast in February andwas honored at Chicago club dinners inPalo Alto, Portland, and Seattle; and be­fore our next issue, Senator Paul Douglaswill have been a Sunday brunch guest ofthe Washington, D. C. club.On the airEvery week, Vice President Lynn A. Wil­liams, Jr. conducts a television class in theGreat Books. Frequent class members,:'Mortimer J. Adler and Robert M. Hutchins.Clifton M. Utley, '26, ·NBC news analyst,has added television to his regular news:periods.Sophie J. Liebshutz, '46, "Cissie" to every­one who has come to recognize her blunt­nosed, chinless characters, first appearingin the Maroon, hit television recently, ina series of poster ads.Emmett Dedmon, '39, book editer of theChicago Sun-Thnes, is doing a series ofSunday broadcasts on Meet Chicago Au­thors; 10 A. M., WJJD; 6:45 P. M., WFMF­FM.And of course the fellow who isn't mak­ing life any easier for Bergen, Allen, NBC,and Mutual, is Louis ,G. Cewan, '31, withhis ABC Sunday night Stop the Musicshow.VisitorsWith his brand new Ph.D. in Education,Mohamed K. Lotfi was in to pay his duesbefore returning, with his family, toEgypt. Because his youngest, Tutu (3),doesn't like boiled milk (necessary in' Egypt), dad took along a $300 electricrefrigerator, which would cost him $700in his· native country. While he wascarting back a few comforts, he added anelectric 'stove, vacuum cleaner, and moviecamera. Mohamed Lotfi, for the pastthree years, has been one of three hundredEgyptians studying in the States-nine atChicago.Forest D. Richardson, '37, MBA '42, withhis wife Hildegard Breihan, parked hisnew Oldsmobile at Alumni House for abrief visit before continuing to Floridafor the honeymoon the navy delayed someyears back. They left the two children,Junior, 6,. and Stephanie, nearly 1, in RedWing, Minnesota, where Forest is comp­troller for S. B. Foot Tanning Company­they process shoe leather for the upperpart of the "foot" (sorry!).The Richardson's reported on two oftheir old school friends: Mor-eau MaxweU,'39, AM '46, on the anthropology facultyof Beloit, who spent last summer at Dia­mond Bluff, across the river from RedWing; and Roger A. Prior, SM '36, PhD'47, who, as a geography specialist, is withthe Joint Committee on Research and De­velopment, Exploration Section, in Wash­ington, D. C. We've always been curiousabout Roger's address: The Better Mouse­trap, Hillyer Place NW, Washington, D. C.Some day we expect to beat a path thereto investigate.Had lunch with Aubrey L. Goodman,'25, MD Rush '31, from Waco, Texas.He was a member of the 1924 champion­ship football team and thinks the gang. should get together in June for its 25threunion. Why not? This office wiU doany local leg work, announcements, etc.John Ruling, '17, a retired colonel (1946),dropped in to surprise his daughter andson-in-law by completing' the payments ontheir double life membership. John al­ready had a life membership. His daugh­ter was. Anna Huling, '42. Her husband is'FranCis J. Klapp, MBA '47, an electricalengineer with the Sunbeam Company.They live in LaGrange with their twochildren, John, 4, and Charlotte, 2. JohnHuling's wife was Helen Moffett whenshe was on the campus. She and Johnown a 147-acre Indiana farm where theywork on soil conservation while their. tenant cultivates the €tops. The Huiingslive near the University and attend mostof the alumni activities, including thespeciaf courses for alumni.Ernest C. Olson, '41, was in from Wash­ington, D. C., where he is with the StateDepartment. It was a quick trip becauseof the serious illness of his mother. Erniereported that Mack Evans, formerly incharge of chapel music at Chicago, is nowat Boys Town, Nebraska. Ernie, whoused to play the organ for .Mack and han­dle the choir details, had no other par­ticulars.James W. Li�ery, AM '14, DB' 15; Mat­toon, Illinois, was visiting in Chicago thelast of February to celebrate the February24th birthdays of two grand-daughters,one in Oak Park, the other in Chicago.Mr. Lively set a ,31-year record as pastor ofthe Mattoon Baptist Church before be re­tired a' year ago. _ He started with a $4,000 -building and left a $100,000 building, paidin fun. He now devotes his time to editinga church page for newspapers in Mattoon,Paris, and Newton, cultivating a large gar­den near his home, supervising the family's1 .small farm near Decatur, and serving asan interim pastor at Tuscola.Dean of Students Robert M. Strozier,spent February on the west coast. In PaloAlto he was the guest of the alumni at adinner in his honor. A Chicago tributegoes to Donald P. Bean, '17" who handledall details. A veteran of 25 years at TheUniversity of Chicago Press, he is now Di­rector of the Stanford University Press.Harold P. Huls, '17, JD '21, was- toast­master. Clarence H. Faust, AM '29, PhI)'35, Acting President of Stanford, andLawrence A. Kimpton, Former ChicagoVice President and now Dean of Studentsat Stanford, joined Donald Bean and Har­old Huls at the speakers' table.Class representatives ranged from Mrs.Frances W. Burks, '96, who crossed a wob­bly plank to enter Cobb Hall the day theUniversity opened, to William L. Faust,:48, a graduate student in psychology atStanford.By the time Dean Strozier arrived inPortland, the now famous western snowshad drifted into his schedule. However,Bob made his appointment with the Port­land Club under the presidency of DexterFairbank, '35.Nearly forty gathered in Seattle to wel­come the Dean-who never arrived. Snowand more snow! A telegram from Portland.warned the Seattle Club secretary, DeanR. Dickey, JD '26, in time so that DeanNewhouse, Director of Student Affairs atthe University of Washington, was drafted.He spoke "so effectively, with such enthu­siasm, and with such good informationconcerning, Chicago" (according to Dickey)"that he was probably more convincing .•. "than a Chicago representative might havebeen.,The Seattle Club, which meets quarterly,was keenly disappointed in not having theopportunity to meet and hear Dean Stro­zier. One of. our lawyers from Bremerton,in fact, threatened to sue. the Club, afterhe had fought the snow to hear Strozier!Dr. J. William Davis dropped in to takeout five-year memberships for his twodaughters. Alice Evalyn Davis, '34, AM '36,is supervisor of music for the East Chicago,Indiana schools. Edith Lillian Davis, '41 isnow Mrs, Gordon Sylander and living inLong Island City, New York. Her hus­band is with the Westinghouse Company.Emeritus ClubIn June nearly 300 alumni ·will have heldtheir bachelor degrees from Chicago fiftyor more years. The University, wishing torecognize this half - century milestone ishaving bronze medals prepared to be award­ed these alumni during Alumni ReunionWeek in June.Under the professional direction of Ul­rich A. Middeldorf, Chairman of the De­partment of Art, the medal is being de­signed by Egon Weiner, noted sculptor andrecent winner of the Logan Art Institute.Medal, He is a member of the faculty atthe Chicago Art institute.These fifty-year alumni medals will beawarded at a special dinner in June hon­oring Chicago'S "Emeriti" alumni. An­nually, thereafter, as other' alumni becomeerigible for the "Emeritus Club," addi­tional' medals wiU be awarded.of the capital starts early and lingers late.Segregation begins in the city playgroundseven before the children enter first grade.AU the Negro children attend segregatedschools, where the buildings are frequentlyabandoned for use as white schools, wherethe pupil load of the teacher is often asmuch as 30 per cent higher than for thewhite teacher, and where overcrowding isso common than 15 per cent of all coloredchildren receive only part-time instruc­tion.Except for Catholic University, every"white" college. in the capital follows, apotky of rigid exclusion. American Uni­versity differs in this respect only to the,extent of admitting Negroes to night classesin its off-campus sessions..Religion: Inside the capital's churches,Protestant and Catholic alike, visitors aremade unwelcome. on account of color.Segregation is the public policy of theYMCA. Public accommodations: In the down­town area of Washington, a Negro will notbe rented a hotel room, restaurants willrefuse to serve him, he must stand to beserved at drug store sandwich counters, andtheaters will not admit him. The onlycommercial playhouse in town is beingconverted to a movie theater rather thanbow to the Actors' Equity boycott of thecolor ban,But the study probes deeper to findcauses of the social' pathology:"The Federal Govemment is responsiblebecause it, and it alone, has the power tobreak the, chains that bar a quarter of amillion Negroes in Washington from theirequal rights as Americans ... Worse, thegovernment has helped to make thechains."Whether the facts of the capital are onthe conscience of the nation only futureaction or inaction will tell. But one thingBOOKSSEGREGATION IN WASHINGTON,A report of the National Committeeon Segre'gation In the Nation's Cap­i,ta.l, text by Kenesaw M. Landis, iUus­tratio:ns by Tom P. Ba�rett.It has been said that: a nation's capitalis more than the seat of government. Itis a symbol of all that a nation professesto be. And, because this is so, the eyesof. .its people . and the eyes of the worldare upon it.Over three million visitors from everystate in the union, from every spot on theglobe, come to WashingtOn every year.Every American who comes sees a part ofhimself. Every foreigner who visits 'seesa .model of an that America professesto be. " ,But how does Washington, the capitalof . a nation priding itself" on freedom,squar.c that great promise with [he facts?Last year, a group -of. social scientists,many University of Chicago people amongthem, "" asked themselves the same_ question.Recently their answers, welll- documented,temperate in tone, and expressed in veryreadable copy, were made public. The finalreport is a stagg,ering pyramid 0€ disturb­ing facts:Housing: Only 30 per cent of the resi­dents of the District of Columbia areNegroes. Yet, segregation, restrictive eov­enants, inferior opportunities of health,education and employment have forcedthem' to ,occupy 70 per cent of the capitalslum areas.Health: The colored resident of Wash­ington will die 10 or 12 yeaTS sooner thanthe white resident and his chances fordying was 37 per cent greater bst y.ear ..The nation's death rate differential wasonly 19 per cent._A fourth of. Washirn.gton's private hos­pitals exclude Negro patients altogether.The remainder allot them a limited num­ber of beds in segregated wards.Negro doctors can attend patients inonly one hospital. They are barred fromevery private hoseital in the city and even(rom the Federally. supported $t. Eliza­beth's. The District Medical Society, andthe American Medical Association refusemembership.E�ployment: Twenty-six per cent of allWashington workers are Negroes. Of thatnumber only six per cent are employed inwhite-collar jobs. Only a few are engagedin skiUed employment. Seventy-two per­oent are domestic 'servants' or unskilledlaborers,The statistics are not accidental. A doseddoor policy is common to craft unions,many private industries, several Districtagencies and most Federal agencies in jobsabove the lowest cierlcal grade.And where the policy of exclusion hasbelen outrooted a policy of segregation hasusually been implanted.There have been exceptions, Some waragencies like O.P .A. tried hiring Negroeson the basis of merit and promoting themon the basis of performance. The resultsshowed that anti - discrimination worked.But with the war over and the functionof these agencies .curtailed, their coloredemployees faced the familiar barriers allover again in trying to get placed in othergovernment offices. The war that hadbeen fought against master-race doctrineshad been won. .Education: Discrimination in the schools BUT WE PRACTICE ITIN NATION'S CAPITAL WITHEXAMPLES LliKE THESE -W:E PREAOHDEMOCRACYTO THEWO,RLD-All Naz,i race, creed, or po­litical' discriminatio,n sha1l bea'bolis'h�d.-Serlin Agreement, 1,945 African foreign min­ister ref,used a.dmit­tan'ce to a w'hif� hotel.• Hindu woman re­fused se.rv.jc� at asoda fountain. Bolivian educator re­fused service in achain restaurant.. W�st Indian stud�ntsforced to stand atcounter.Puerto Rican s�natorfo'rced to sleep oncouch in governmentoffice.• Oark�skinnecl/ore;gners are olt�n embarrassed"We fought fordignity of thethe individual".-Secretary of Stot.Marshall, Rio eI.Janeiro, 19472.Reprinted with permission of National Committee on Segregation in the Nation's CapitalPanama visitor askedto leave a whiteehureh,World peace necessitates'elimination of racial and re­I.igi.o.us distinctions.-Act 01 Chapultepec, 1945is assured" They are the facts on whichAmerica is being judged. The study is amust for anyone who is concerned aboutthat judgment.The 92-page report is available for pur­chase at the headquarters of the NationalCommittee on Segregation, 49tH Ellis A ve­nue, Chicago. Price 75c and lOc postage.Quantity order (25 or more) 60c.• Joseph D. Lohman, lecturer in Soci­ology, was secretary of the committee anddirector of research. Professor Louis Wirthserved on the research committee. MarshallField, trustee, and alumni Emily TaftDouglas '19, Reuben C. Gustavson, .PhD'25, and Morcedal Johnson '13, participatedas committee members. .THE YOUNG HENRY ADAMS byErnest Semuels, '23, J:D'2b, MA'31,PhD'42, Harvard University .Press.$4.50.The early career of Henry Adams haslong been shrouded in the constant thesisof personal failure w hich runs throughThe Education: It is to interpret theseyears in the light of Adams' letters andafter a reconstruction of the society throughwhich Adams moved that Mr. Samuelshas written The Young Henry Adams.A skillful reassembling of the mental cli­mate of Adams' Harvard and London daysconvincingly shows that these years wereof lasting influence. At Harvard hisPuritan belief in the immutability ofgood and evil was strengthened under theteachings of President Walker and becamethe basis of his reforming zeal and polit­ical action. Here he was first stimulatedby the possibilities of applying scientificlaws to humanity and proving the con­tinuity of history. In London friends in­troduced him to the "new science" Whilelife in aristocratic circles and readings inMill and Comte fortified his belief in therule of an intellectual elite. "Theseforces that descended upon his head fromeVlery direction are thoroughly analyzedand catalogued in. the light of Adams'mature achievements.ERNEST SAMUELSIf there is a theme to be found fun­ning through Adams' life, it must be asearch, for power, a chance to serve andbe acclaimed for that service. His youthwas a search for the highways to power.Law, diplomacy, and the press were triedin turn and each failed him. His. phi­losophy of history, and even, his Historyitself, was meant to enable him to wieldthe influence of a Rousseau, or of an Adam 1�45678-912141619 •20.7lte 7buveP4i1tt Qtrn;JUUVolume 41 April 1949HOWARD W. MORTEditorPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONVIVIAN A. ROGERSARTHUR R. DAYAssociate Editors VALERIE CRAIGCI'6'ss News Editor'WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETIE LOWREY,Contributing 'EditorsIN THIS ISSUEEDITOR'S MEMO PAD ' '.BOOKS ...•................................... · .HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION� No. 21� , ' '.CAMPUS COMMUNISM, William B. Morgenstern .' .TRUSTEE 'TO ALUMNUS '_ .WALGREEN INVESTJ.GATION .CHICAGO ROUND TABLE '.NEWS OF'THE QUADRANLES, Jeannette Lowrey .VIRUS ·FIGHTERS : : .CALENDAR : .CONSTITUTION FOR THE WORLD� Elisabeth Mann Borgese .BEHIND THE BEARD -.. .NEWS OF THE CLASSES ................•..................COVER: Literally a merke+ place of idea�, the walk in frontof Cobb Hall, fla:nked by bulle+in boards, is the scene o·fviqorous between-classes discussion.Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberthru June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37,I11inois. Annual subscrip­tion price $8.00. Single copies 35 cents. Entered ias second class matter December 1, 1984" atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, R A. Ross, advertising' director, 22 Washington Square', New York, N:.. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazme.Smith, or of a Darwin. As an hereditaryright nothing less was due him.This book is one of a type of whichwe need many more-a literary historywhich combines the skill of a polishedwriter with the research of a competenthistorian. History encompasses all fieldsof knowledge, but it is seldom that wehave so fine a synthesis of man's intel­lectual life tied up in a neat packageand stamped with so facile a style.George C. Rogers, Jr., AM '4S.S,EVJEN BY CHANCE" The AcdderataJPresidents, by Peter R. Levin, '40. Far­rar, Straus & Cempany, $4.00.. The�� were seven vice presidents of theUnited States who became presidents be-. cause of the deaths of presidents: Tyler,Fillmore, Johnson, Arthur, Theodore Roose­velt, Coolidge, and Truman. The lastthree were the only ones to be elected tosucceed themselves although Truman hadnot won his election when the book waspublished.Historian Levin thinks that these were3 middle bracket men,· although Roosevelt"approaches the stature. of the giants whobold the office." Chapter 13 is titled:"Truman ... ?" At the time of writing,Levin thinks the record is against Trumanbut admits that there is time for theverdict to change. "In spite of the strainsimposed on his course Harry Trumancomes second to Roosevelt I, as a politicalchieftain."Although Mr. Levin writes as an his­torian, summarizing well the strengths andweakness of the chance presidents, heraises the question of our present methodof providing a vice president who maybecome head of the nation. Should notmore consideration be given to his ability;should not his term of office be a train­ing period with more responsibility?The book should stimulate eencernamong an electorate who choose a vicepresident because he can swing a blockof votes;' in payment for .a political obli­gation, and/or because he will be harm­less in office, rather than because he isthe best man to fill a presidential vacancyin an emergency.HOUSE JOI:NT RESOLUTION NO. 21WHEREAS. On the first day of March.' I 949. a large group of students appearedbefore the judiciary Committee of the State Sene+e in opposition to 'pending legisla­fion which wou)I'd control subversive activiti es in the State' of lllinois, andWHEREAS. H appeared that practically all of such students were From the Univer­say of Chica90. and' Roosevelt College. both located in the City of Chicago. Illinois, and. WHEREAS. It appears that these students are being indoctrinated with Communisticand other subversive theories contrary to our fre'e systems of representative govern­ment. andWHEREAS. It further appears tha,t Communist Clubs are known to exist at bothschools with the knowledge and approval of such schools +o the extent that same may .. weH become a rnenece to our present system of qovernrnent, and that an immediateinves+iqe+ion should he made of such matters so that legislatien may be enacted atthis session of the Legislature to control the same; therefore, be itRESOLVED. BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE SIXTY-SIXTHGENERAL ASSEMBLY. THE SENATE CON<3URRING HEREIN. That the Chairm.an ofthe State Seditious Activities Investigation Commission o] the State .of Illinois shallimrnedie+sly +eke steps to investigate fully and completely any and all subversive ac­+ivifies which may now exist in any connection whatsoever at the University of Chicagoand at Roosevelt Colleqe, and to exerds,e aH powers heretofore granted by this Legisla­ture to. said Commission; and be it furtherRESOLVED. That said Commissions shell report such investigatien +o the Sixty-sixthGenerall Assembly en or before April IS, 1949. (Amended by the Senate +o read­May is, :1949.)ONE MAN'S OPINIONCAMPUS COMMUNISMWELL, here we go ,again. The House of theIllinois Assembly introduced and passed, with. Senate concurrence; a resoliItion to investigate"fully and completely, any and all subversive activitywhich may now exist in any connection whatsoever at theUniversity of Chicago and at Roosevelt College." Thisbecause "students are being indoctrinated with. Com­munistic and other subversive theories contrary to ourfree systems of representative government." (See oppositepage.)The immediate cause of this repetition of the Walgreeninvestigation of 1935 is stated in the resolution itself. Agroup of students appeared before the Judiciary Commit­tee to oppose pending legislation which would controlsubversive activities in Illinois. In retaliation for thistemerity, -the statesmen acted in a hysterically punitivemood.Background of the resolution, however, extends nearlytwo years, to 1947, when a state Seditious Act Investiga­tion Commission was authorized to investigate the state'sschools and report to this year's session of the Assembly,Fifteen thousand dollars worth of investigation turned upso little that a report of the investigation has not yet beenfiled. The chairman of the Commission, Senator PaulBroyles, of Mt. Vernon, is now reported working fran­tically to see that the investigators' findings, if any, are puton record.Though the Commission apparently got nothing worthyof even a speech, Mr. Broyles introduced into the presentsession a series of bills 'to end seditious activity for goodand all. The bills are vague, broad, and vicious, and,according to reputable legal authorities who have seenthem, are unconstitutional, even in these panicky times.The hills were offered despite the fact that there long hasbeen stringent legislation adequate to handle any stateCommunist menace. I t was this legislation .which thestudents, among others, protested in the hearing that pro­duced the retaliation.There were certainly some 'card-bearing Communists inthe group 9£ several hundred that attended the hearings.There probably were some Communist students in the 106from the _University who made the trip to Springfield, or By WILLIAM V. MORGEN.ST�RN '20, JD'22were indistinguishable from the party-line boys. There aresome Communists among the student body, as there areamong student bodies everywhere, and though they repre­sent an insignificant number, they are as usual indefa­tigably busy. They revel in such occasions as the hearing;they want incidents, and protests.rand pickets.Some of the organizations represented are what isknown as "front" groups. BUUh.e majority from the Uni­versity of. Chicago were not part of the fellow-traveleroutfits; they represented everything from the StudentRepublican Club to the Meadeville Theological and Bap­tist Divinity Students. The legislators professed to beappalled by their appearance and conduct. Mr. G. Wil­liam Horsley, representative from Springfield who intro­duced the resolution, told his fellows some of the students"looked like Communists," according to the public> prints.The Hon. Clinton Searle, from Rock Island, and ChicagoJD '13, apologized to the House for being a graduate ofthe University. "I wouldn't send my dog there, now," hesaid. Senator William J. Connors, familiarly known as"Botchy," described the protestants as a "dirty, greasy> bunch of kids with their hair not combed:"Various reputable witnesses to what went on in thelegislative halls testify that the conduct of those at thehearing, students, and commies, and liberals alike, wasat leastas mannerly as the ordinary actions of most of thelegislators on the floor at any time. The screams of "in­timidation" that were made seem to have originated fromthe fact that a non-campus group of dissenters to the legis­lation, who represented an anti-discrimination group,made a .collateral demonstration in- the drug store of aSpringfiel-d hotel that refused to serve colored.That there should be an investigation is not surprising.The publicity hunters in the legislature long' have beenlooking for an opportunity to get in the headlines, as theBroyles Commission indicates. The temper of the coun­try; what with the "cold" war, made their interest keen.-The resolution also offers the happy possibility of perhapshelping to embarrass Governor Adlai Stevenson, who isa liberal, and it likewise can be used in the bitter F.E.P.C.fight in the legislature ..One thing is certain. The investigation will not pro':56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEduee any evidence that there is "Communist indoctrina­tion" at the University. There is no Communist on thefaculty; there is not even one reputed to be a Communist.There is no indoctrination of any kind; students are nottold what to think, but are encouraged to do their ownthinking. They are taught to evaluate facts and informa­tion, and on the basis of their evaluation to arrive at theirown conclusion. The legislature honestly, although mis­takenly, believes that a university is a grade school, inwhich the teacher gives the answers to which none candissent.What will happen can be predicted on the basis ·of theWalgreen investigation, when any pretense of finding .in­doctrination was quickly abandoned as a hopeless effort.It willbe shown that the Dean of Students recognizes aCommunist Club as a student organization. It will beshawn that the American youth for Democracy, desig­nated as a "front" organization, was similarly recognized. The Communist Club, which lists eleven members, is rec­ognized because it is not unlawful to be a Communist,and because the University has somewhat different ideasthan the red-hunters as to how to handle the existenceof a miniscule minority of Communists. It will becharged that some faculty members belong to "front"organizations, that some were New Dealers, or perhaps,that they, too, look like Communists. As in 1935, therewill be a lot of hoopla about irrelevant matters, a lot ofheadlines, There will be no evidence, but lots of in­nuendo.This kind of legislative irresponsibility does the U ni­versity no good. Mr. Walgreen's $550,000 did not payfor the damage to the University's reputation with a largesection of the unthinking, uncritical public. This timethere won't even be partial restitution; the legislators arenot liberal with their own money.TRUSTEE to ALUMNUS - You would be the First to suFFerFrem an 'irate Iowa alumnus came a letter addressed to aclassmate- Trustee scathing his Red Alma Mater and urging thatthe Trustee resign from the Board. The Trustee's answer to hisclassmate may provide pause for others who are about to takepen in hand:Whoa, Petel Don't raise yom blood pressure worrying aboutthe University of Chicago. More than ever it is today generallyrecognized as the greatest. educational institution on God's foot­stool. A little diversion on the part of the state Ieglslature wil�lnot, in my opinion, halt its progress.'It is evident that you don't know either the University or thelegislature, while I claim a pretty thorough knowledge of theformer and some familiarity with the latter. You doubtless knowof my continued and intimate association with the University.You probably do not know that, for forty years, I have been anactive participant in Republican party affairs and, among otherthings, have attended many sessions and committee meerings ofthe Illinois legislature.First, let me set you straight on one subject. -The University,does not allow any political indoctrination in the class roomsand I have heard of none. So far as I am able to ascertain, thereis not a single Communist on the faculty and, at last count,there were twelve Communist students out of an enrollment of. approximately eight thousand.How does it come that you swallow all that guff about radi­calism at the University after what happened at the last legis­lative investigation in 193-5? If others would be as profitable asthat one, I'd like to have them annually. You may rememberthat Charles Walgreen helped to investigate it and then turnedaround and gave the University a ffilalf-mHlion dollars. In addi­tion, we received other sizable donations because we stood by ourgwns and, like the Chicago Tribune, refused to be intimidated.Don't kid yourself for a moment that the Trustees don't knowwhat is going on. Sure, our opinions and those of some facultymembers are divergent hut they have as much right to theirsas we have to ours. This is still a free country where everyonemay have his say :as long as it is within the law and in goodtaste. This applies just as much to a university professor as to. a corporation executive, a politician, a chair-warmer" or a barber.Why you reactionaries want to stifle free speech is beyond mycomprehension as you would he the first to suffer under the ban.Have you so soon forgotten how it worked under the WagnerBill when employers were forbidden to talk to their employeessAt present there are thirty-four members on the Board ofTrustees. Off-hand I'd say that three-fourths are Republicans andone-fourth Democrats. As fellow travelers you would hardlyclassify such rugged individualists as the presidents of the FirstNational and the Harris, Trust banks, tbe chairman of Weyer­haeuser Corporation, the president of Sears, Roebuck, etc. Do youthink that men of that type would tolerate subversive activitieson the campus? Yes, Pete, forget the occasional squib in the newspapers aboutthe faculty member who expresses a sentiment contrary to yoursand mine and think of the University of Chicago as the institu­tion which, for over fifty years, has - dared to pioneer in the fieldof education.Think of its introduction of a graduate school, abolition of theclass system, complete co-education, college, full-time medical fac­ulty, full-time professors, the first educational radio program,abolition of required class attendance, comprehensive examina­tions, and numerous other innovations - many of which are takenfor granted today.I Crimson quotes"A Spanish bull and an American college alumnusmake the same mistake when they put their headsdown and charge blindly every time they think theysee something red being waved at them." Romeyn: Berry, in his column "Now, in My Time!," CornellAlumni News, March 1, 1949.Think of it as the one university in the country that had theintestinal fortitude to abolish professional intercollegiate footballtrying unsuccessfully to masquerade as an amateur sport. And. then to. cap the climax in pioneering don't forget that it wasunder the West Stands of Stagg Field at 3:25 P.M. on December 2,1942, that man, for the first time, demonstrated his ability tocontrol tfue release of nuclear energy to usher in the Atomic Age.We know what happened at Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Bikini.We, of the University, are confidently hoping that on the otherside ·0£ the ledger continued pioneering and research will bringenduring benefits to mankind.When you step to remember that, as of today, one out of everyfive individuals is doomed to die of cancer, what a crowningachievement it would be if the ravages of that scourge could beeliminated. When we think of the possibility of the almost Com­plete annihilation of the human race if we allow another worldwar to start, what some professor may say that we don't like orwhat antic may be indulged in by an exuberant student, palesinto abysmal insignificance.Pete, if you can spare a dime or two, there is no place whereyour pieces of silver can do more real good than at your ownAlma Mater. . . . If you don't do anything else, send threebil\J.;cks .to Howard Mort and, for at least a year, keep yourself in­formed on a few of the important things that are going on atthe Midway.Fraternally yours,,SpringField' 1935, and t�eWALGREEN INVESTIGATION!.... T ,was lively back in April 193"5, Drugstore magnateCharles H. Walgreen withdrew his niece from the Uni­versity; there were "communistic influences to which shewas insidiously exposed." The Illinois Sena te decidedto investigate "subversive communistic teachings and ideasadvocating the violent overthrow of the established formof government" at the University. President Hutchinsannounced the University's willingness to cooperate withthe five-member investigating committee, and the hear­ings began.There were three sessions. The principal officers ofthe University attended all of the hearings. All documentscalled for, such as files of the DAILY MAROON, werepromptly supplied, and outlines of 161 courses dealingwith the social sciences were offered for the committee'sinformation.At the first hearing, President Hutchins'reminded thecommittee: "The University cannot, of course, have aprofessor who commits illegal acts, Under the laws ofIllinois, it is illegal to advocate the overthrow of the gov­ernment by violence. 'The University would, therefore,dismiss any professor who, before an appropriate tribunal,was proved to have advocated the overthrow of thegovernment by violence. Anyone who thinks. that ourfaculty are doing so should inform the State's Attorneyso that a prosecution may be started.".No such "informing" took place. But it took the com­mittee 125,000 words of testimony to conclude thatnone was warranted. In the meantime, the charges andrebuttals were delivered by a distinguished and diversecast:Mr. Walgreen was to testify that his niece, LucilleNorton, had overheard Professor Schuman say he "be­lieved in free l-ove for himself'," and! it was Mr. Walgreen'sunderstanding .that "free love" was a tenet of communism.Moreover, there seemed to be "more study of communismthan of the American government." .Professor Charles E. Merriam, speaking of the politicalconvictions of his former student and faculty member,Frederick Schuman, commented: "He is not a Com­munist, or a Socialist. There are doubtless some whothink badly of him for voting' for Roosevelt in thelast election, but I am unable to regard that. as sub­versive or unconstitutional."The "free love" quotation was based on a humorousremark made not in the classroom but at the conclusionof a debate for the purpose of turning aside an irrelevantremark and proceeding with serious discussion. Answeringthe charge at its own level, Mr. Merriam said that"Mr. Schuman and his wife had two fine fat babies."Professor Schuman on his views of the Soviet government:"I am opposed to dictatorship in all forms. Since thatis a dictatorship and not democracy, I am on that groundopposed to it. .Professor Harry Gideonse, then in charge of the Secia]Science survey courses' in the' college, analyzed the 5,987pages of indispensable reading listed in the syllabus ofSocial Science 1. He found that only 55 pages weredescriptive of communism; that 'half of the reading in the first quarter and almost all of the reading in thethird quarter were devoted' to €Ontemporary American,institutions; that of 195 optional readings listed, onlythree were concerned with ccmmumsm, Pointing outthat readings from Karl Marx had been a standard assign­ment in American colleges for 20 years, he concluded thatif anything might be. considered "insidious" it must befrom his own lectures, and his last political enthusiasmhad been Al Smith.Professor Robert Lovett was called to testify. (A fewextracts from the New Russia's Primer had been usedalong with dozens of other quotations as targets for criti­cal analysis in the Freshman English course.) The pro­fessor recalled President Harper's assurance that theUniversity stood for freedom of investigation, of opinionand of speech, subject to good taste and general attitude,and concluded that the University had been undeviatingin that position ever since. He regarded the Oxford oathas the "individual equivalent of the Kellogg Pact" andreiterated the resolution he made after his son was killedat Belleau Wood: he would do everything in his power to.. prevent a recurrence of such a tragedy. In the event ofwar he would defend conscientious objectors, but wouldnot advise any individual. Moreover, he had never usedhis classroom as a place for expression of his own views.Mrs. Elizabeth Dilling, of THE RED NETWORK fame,handed the committee a pamphlet entitled "How Redis the University of Chicago?" and, as a clue to the-hue, mentioned President Hutchins' "connections with theMoscow Summer School." . (He was an adviser to theInstitute of International Education, which arranged forsummer sessions for American students in 21 countries,including Russia.)Hulen Carroll, the student who headed the' anti-radicalPublic Policy Association on campus until its leadershipand chauvinistic policies alienated the student support,made his allegations: the administration had broughtabout his organization's demise because it was too"patriotic"; a professor in class had criticized the theoryof racial purity; the "injustices of the present system[were being] unduly stressed" in the classroom.The committee report appeared in the Senate journalon June 26th. It was in several sections. The majorityreport was signed by four of the five committee membersand reached two main conclusions: (1) that the existingsedition laws of Illinois were adequate to restrain peoplefrom advocating violent <overthrow of the government;(2) that violations of these sedition laws should be re­ported to the State's Attorney of the appropriate c�unty.Regarding the specific charges of "communistic teach­ings" at the University, the majority report decided that"all oral testimony offered by Mr. Walgreen and hiswitnesses did not prove the charges against the Uni­versity," and that the University witnesses "directly con­tradicted the testimony presented by Mr. Walgreen andhis witnesses."In a supplementary statement signed by SenatorsRichey, Graham and Barbour, the question was asked:Has the University of Chicago or any of its professors. violated either the letter or the spirit of the law? Theyconcluded: "The answer to this question must be inthe negative. . . . The University social science depart­ment is conducted along recognized, propel' lines pro­viding for the instruction of students in political and7,THE UNIVERSITY OF: CHICAGO MAGAZINEsocial science, in the history of the various forms of govern­ment throughout the world,"But there were jarring notes. The majority reportcensured Professor Lovett, not for being a communist oran advocate of violent overthrow of the government, butbecause he had "pursued an unpatriotic course of con­duct in his activities outside the University"; that manyof his "co-workers" were "undesirables" ; and that hisreference in a letter to all governments as rotten was evi­dence of his "disloyal conduct."The committee report provoked Howard VincentO'Brien, Chicago Daily News columnist, to write: "Thestones now being cast at him are cast by strangers. Therehas never been so much as a pebble from those whoknow him .... Creatures with the moral standards of astarving wolf are allowed to go peaceably about theiroccasions, while a rnan like Lovett, whose life is as nearan expression of the Sermon on the Mount as one islikely to encounter in this curious salad of practice andpreachment, is invited to . drink the hemlock."A minority report filed. by Senator Charles Baker isbest described by a supplementary paragraph signed bySenators Graham, Hickman and Fribley: "The report ...is a discussion of differences between capitalists and thelaboring class of people. It bids for publicity in. threeof the metropolitan papers of Chicago. It IS not based on evidence offered at the hearings of the committee.It suggests the members of the faculty of the Universityof Chicago should teach partisan ideas of government.The report of Senator Baker was delivered to the pressbefore it was submitted to the other members of thecommittee and before it was filed."In the opinion of President Hutchins the net effect ofthe investigation had done the 1!niversity no harm, per­haps some good.It convinced Senators Richey, Graham and Barbourthat "one of the greatest safeguards for the perpetuationof American idealism, and American institutions lies inthe absolute scholastic freedom in our universities andthat the University of Chicago is an admirable exampleof how that freedom should be exercised. Without advo­cating any philosophy of government other than our own,it presents to its students a true picture of forms andphilosophies of government, past and present, thus prepar-. ing their minds for a better understanding and, there­fore, a higher appreciation of governmental values that wecherish in America."It convinced Charles H. Walgreen that the Universitywas a safe investment for training "outstanding studentsof American institutions," arid for· conducting publiclectures to "strengthen American idealism through greaterunderstanding of American traditions and institutions."The Chicago Round Tab'le Looks at the Broyles BillsIt was the Broyles Bills at Springfield that set off the chain.reactions which now threaten 10 explode on the Mid'way. The, University of Chicago Round Table (NBC) on March 13 was:"Gui!lty by' Assoriation." The panel was law professors Levi andSharp, from Chicago, and Nathanson from Northwestern. Much0f their discussion was pertinent to these bills and to the Uni­versity's position. We are here limited to extracts. The completetext �f the broadcast, as well as the Broyles BiI1� 152 through 156,are printed in the transcript which you can secure for IOc fromour Radio Office.. Mr. :Levi: Well, I do not think that we should forget the "clearand present danger" test. It is a test which is intended toremind us that the theory of revolution is part and parcelof the American system. It was advocated by the founders ofthis republic, and we really do believe in people's stressing theright of revolution-at least unless there is a "clear and presentdanger" that they �ay succeed.Mr. Nathanson: I would like to quote a famous statemen twhich Jefferson made when he came into office a.fter theunfortunate experiences with the Alien and Sedition Laws. Hesaid, "If there be among us any who wish, to dissolve thisunion or to change its republican form of government, let themstand -undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which errorof opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combatit." If in those infant years of the republic we could afford totake such a position, can we net afford to take it now, in allour strength?Mr:. Sharp: Of course, we would all recognize that there aresome limits. No state which is worthy 'of the name will standand allow its processes to be interfered with by minority groJilpsor any other groups.Mr. Levi: That is the "clear 'and present danger" test. Butthe point is that we are not to get panicky. The presumption isthat we will let them talk and that we will let them teach.Mr. Sharp: Just a handful of people are involved, after aU-ahu�dred thousand American Communists is the highest estimate that anybody makes. It does not amount to anything on thenational scene.Mr. Levi: Now, it seems to me that the . Broyles Bills, pendingin the Illinois legislature, are unconstitutional and that theyreally forget this problem of "clear and present danger."Mr. Sharp: The Broyles Bills, which are before the legislaturehere in Illinois, are like bills before legislatures in other states-in New York and Maryland-punishing membership in Com­munist organizations and Communist front organizations. Thesebills are bad on all sorts of grounds. The "clear and presentdanger test" is only one.• • •Mr. Levi: Well, now, look how far they do go. One of thebills would, I think, cause the dismissal of a teacher who justexplained such doctrines as communism, anarchism, the theoryof the church-controlled state, or the supremacy of the naturallaw. I do, not know; under that bill, whether you can teachSt. Thomas.Another bill makes :it a crime to pay dues to an organizationwhich is called "a Communist front organization" in the bill andwhich is defined really as an organization which looks to bequite innocent. 'The person who pays dues does not know thatit is a Communist front organization. It may look to himjust Hike a veteran's organization.• • •Mr. Sharp: There was a time when public education was con­sidered Socialistic and the TVA and income tax.Mr� Nathanson: And certainly municipal ownership of publicutilities.Mr. Sharp: See what a pyramiding you have here, too. Youstart with an organization whose leaders and organizers canbarely be punished for what they do-it is very doubtful whetherthey can be .punished, constitutionally, under the "clear and(Conttnued on Page 11)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES" " I 1"8 getting so you can't tell some operating rooms. from the stage of Carnegie Hall," Steven M.Spencer, Saturday Evening Post associate editor,wrote in a recent article "Sing Me to Sleep, Doctor,"featuring the University of Chicago."You hear a Mozart sonata as they stick a needle intoyour spine, and Beethoven's Fifth as they' roll you overon your back."This surgical serenading," continues Spencer, "is seri­ous effort by experts in anesthesia to soften the emotionalshock of operations and to assure a smoother and morerapid convalescence." .The most elaborate program of "serving symphonieswith ether" is being carried on at the University of Chi­cago Clinics under a grant from the Office of Naval Re­search. Modern wire and tape recorders were incorpo­rated in the anesthesia by Dr. Huberta M. Livingstone,associate professor of surgery, and her associate, Dr. Ger­aldine A. Light, when Joe Willard, veteran, now on thestaff of the Chicago Musical CoUege, suggested soft musicfor patients under a spinal anesthetic, and set up a taperecorder that would play all day without attention.The night before the operation, Spencer writes in thearticle, the anesthesiologist goes to the patient's room,slips to the bedside, pencil poised over his chart booklike an attentive waiter about to take an order, and asks"What kind of music will you have, sir? We have clas­sical, semiclassical, popular, and children's music andstories."After recovering from the shock of such unexpectedservice, the patient makes his choice-s-more than half ofthose at Albert Merritt Billings pick semiclassical, 30 percent say popular and only 9 per cent classical.In the "prep" room, where the patient is prepared forsurgery, the anesthetist turns on the loudspeaker, andwhen the patient is ready for the operating room-assum­ing he is under a "spinal"-light plastic stethoscope-typeearpieces are fitted over his head and the. music turnedto "silent." This means that only the patient hears it,although the anesthetist may monitor it to keep check onthe volume.The surgical sonatas have .been played for almost everytype of operation. They have been unusually helpful topeptic-ulcer patients, who are already so tense and nerv­ous that routine medical sedatives are not very effective.The music does a much: better job of quieting them downprior to anesthesia.A large proportion of the abdominal operations atBilllngs Hospital are done under spinal anesthesia, whichleaves the patients conscious. Surgeons like the musicin this situation because they are then free to talk abouttheir work as they go along-a necessary procedure in a BY JEANNETTE LOWREYteaching hospital-without fear of upsetting the subjectof their discussion. The patient's ears are tuned only' to.. the music, arid he can't hear the doctors.In summarizing the response of the first 130 patientsprovided with music, Dr. Livingstone and her associatesfound that 76 per cent had been enthusiastic about it.Many said they thought "it was wonderful that a hospitalwould go to so much trouble to make things pleasant forus," and that the music had definitely relieved theiranxiety. Twelve per cent of the patients were mildlyin favor, 7 per cent were indifferent and 5 per cent saidthey disliked it. Most of those in the last category hadbeen opposed to the music simply because it preventedthem from hearing what the doctors were saying aboutthem.More about the budget"Financing of current activities from reserves, andconstruction of buildings from free funds functioningas endowment obviously can not continue very longif the University is to remain financially 'sound,'! Chan­cellor Robert M. Hutchins said in discussing the report.-"But in many past years, from, Dr. Harper's timethrough the depression, the University has had the con­fidence that if it was necessary to sustain temporary defi­cits to demonstrate the excellence of its work, the moneyit needed would he provided."Establishment of the three institutes for nuclear re­search, radiobiology, and biophysics, and metals, becauseof their- importance to the welfare of the country, couldnot wait until funds were available. Likewise, the Uni­versity's established research in medicine, particularlyin cance�, urgently concerns the well being of the nation,and must continue without interruption."The conso[ich,ted budget of the University 'consists ofthree parts: ( 1 ) the· regular section, covering normaleducational and research activities; (2) restricted ex­pendable funds, a category including gifts for designatedcurrent purposes, and contract funds from the U. S.government; and (3) auxiliary enterprises, such as resi­dence halls, dining rooms, and bookstores.Income under the regular budget was $15,453,000last year, and expenditures were $15,640,000, both thehighest in the University's history, expenditures being$2,312,000 or 17 percent, more than in the precedingyear.Principal items of income under the regular budgetwere student fees, $5,119,000, 33.1 percent; endowmentincome, $4,080,367, 26.4 percent; patient fees, $3,825.,000,24.8. percent.Under the classification of restricted expendable funds,the University <expended $11,983,O�O, of which $10,533, ..9Isince it normally takes months or sometimes years to IIdetermine the age 'Of a single sample-and then theconclusions are based on "circumstantial" evidence. Dr.Libby soon hopes to measure two specimens a' week towithin 300 years."Measuring time lapses," Dr. Libby explains, "is simplya matter of measuring the radiocarbon in the artifacts.We know that plants, animals and humans stop absorbingradiocarbon when they die and continue dissipating it atthe rate of 50 percent every 5-,000 years. So there is adefinite ratio between age and radioactivity."Since the exact order of mankind's existence has neverbeen determined exactly, a radioactive calendar maysolve the chronology of prehistoric man.The research project was supported lin part by theViking Fund, Incorporated.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE000 was received from the U. S. Government, largely forspecial research projects of national interest, on non­profit contracts. Gross income from auxiliary enterpriseswas $4,057,000, out of which $93,800 was net incomeapplied to general university support.Gifts, grants', and bequests paid in to the' Universityfor both capital and current purposes was $4,003,000,. anincrease of 71 percent over the preceding year. Only.$75.,000 was unrestricted money which the Universitycan allocate to support 'Of any of its activities as it maydetermine. .Book. value of all investments owned was $85,68'7,000but market value was $18,940,000 or 22.1 percent higher.Unless' permanent, this excess of market value is -of noimportance to an' institution which selects and holdsinvestments primarily for stability and productivity ofincome and ultimate capital realization, Mr. Daines ob­serves.Bonds constituted 41.4 percent of invested endowmentfunds; preferred stocks, 10.7 percent; Common stocks, 30.9percent; real estate, mortgages and real estate contracts,16.8: percent, and trust funds, 0.2 peroent.Radioactive calenderAn important discovery which may lead to a "radio-active calendar" reaching back 30,000 years has beenmade by University of Chicago scientist Wmard F. Libbyof the Institute for Nuclear Studies.Proof that all living matter-including humans-oon­tains radioactive carbon in a constant amount was dis­covered by Professor Libby and his associates. E. C,Anderson and J. R. Reynolds in a two-year experimentalproject.The basic discovery, which can be. used to determinethe ages of specimens from 2,000 to 30,000 years old,not only opens new avenues for archaeologists to datesamples, but is expected to lay the foundation for aseries of experiments beneficial to science and industry.Libby began the experiment on the theory that cosmicrays shooting through space must form radiocarbon whenthey collided with atoms in the invisible ocean of nitro­gen which. forms the 'Outer rings of the earth's atmosphere.The carbon, he believed,. should be absorbed by livingmatter such as' grain, grass and -vegetables and then hetransferred 10 humans and animals through food.Twenty samples from all over the world, 'One of whichwas more than 4,600, years old, were tested. on a uniquecounting device developed for. the project by Libby. Thedevice, a Geiger counter "shell," eliminates about 97percent of the cosmic rays that normally would drownout the faint amount of radiocarbon in a sample.His theory was confirmed last fall in a study. of bio­methane produced by the Baltimore sewage disposalplant. Subsequently, specimens were checked from suchdiverse -dimates as the Antarctic, Florida, Mt. Wilson,New Mexico; Europe, Africa, Near East and the U ni-versityof Chicago campus. .' .�this new method isof i-ntense Interest to archaeologists Oueen of them allWhen University of Chicago students joined in thegrand march at the Washington Promenade in the StevensHotel ballroom to honor their queen, Miss Susan Cullen,a third-year student in the College, they added another- chapter to a traditionwhich many of theirgrandparents helped tobegin..First planned in 1893when the University wasfive m 0 nth sold, theWashington Prom has al­ways been the climax ofthe campus social season.The first Prom was heldin 1894 in the old DelPrado Hotel, which' stoodwhere the InternationalMiss Cullen House is now located.The 1949 activities, which this year extended throughthe weekend, began with a musical revue lampooningMaroon life. The Prom featured the presentation ofMiss Cullen and her court of six maids of honor. Thecourt included: Cynthia Hendry and J ean Good, Chi­cago; Freda Gould, New York City; Carol Schremp,Rahway, New Jersey; Flo Ann Beutel, Lincoln, Nebraska;and Carol Finkelhor, Wexford, Pennsylvania.Saturday's schedule featured a cross-campus parade,pep rally, basketball game between the University's intra­mural. champions and a similar team from Illinois Insti­tute of Technology, and open houses for Prom weekenders.Assembly of the betatronAssembly of the 100 million electron volt betatron ofthe Institute for Nuclear Studies began this month, witherection of the magnet units which arrived by rail. Thesix units of the magnet, weighing 160 tons and includingthe two. coils, and a yoke 01 laminated sheet iron, whichTHE U N I V E R SIT Y 0 F ,C H I C AGO MAG A Z I N Ewill be bolted together, completed .delivery of the betatronparts.One of the major pieces of apparatus L of the Uni­versity of Chicago's $12,500,000 capital outlay in itsprogram of basic research on nuclear energy, the betatronwill be used in a series of physical aad biological experi­ments. The giant 170-inch. synchrocyclotron in the samebuilding will not be completed until the end of the year.The first physical experiments planned for the betatronwill use high energy, or gamma rays to produce fission ofthe atomic nucleus, to study the forces holding thenucleus together, and other presently unsolved problemsof nuclear structure. Biological scientists of the' U niver­city will use the betatron .initially to study the effect 0{excessive radiation on biological organisms, producing ona smaller scale the radiation effects similar to those causedby the atomic bomb.The betatron is placed on a steel base supported byconcrete. The shielding, composed of triangular slabs, ofconcrete, already has been cast, in the form of a boxapproximately 20 feet square by 12 feet high, and 3feet thick.About two months will be required for the electricalinstallations of the betatron after the magnet is erected;Angell dies of cancerJames Rowland Angdl, former dean of faculties ofarts, literature, and science at the University, died atthe age of 79, at his home in New Haven, Connecticut,March 5, 1949. After his retirement from the presidencyof Yale University, he was educational counselor for theNational Broadcasting Company. For the past two yearshe had been president of the Roscoe B: Jackson memoriallaboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, where cancer researchis carried on. Like President Harper, under whom Angellserved at Chicago, Dr. Angell died OE cancer.Professors emeritus dieTwo emeritus professors of the University of Chi­cago, Mrs. Edith Foster Hint and Marcus Wilson jerne­gan, died during the past month.Mrs. Flint, professor emeritus of English, who was inthe first class' of the University of Chicago, was killed inan automobile accident in Santa Barbara, California.A distinguished professor of English composition, Mrs.Flint taught from 1897 to 1935, served as chairman ofthe women's university council' and head of Kelly resi­dent hall, and was elected twice president of the Chicagochapter-of the American Association of University Women.J ernegan, professor emeritus of American history andauthority in the field of American colonial history, diedof a heart attack at his home at Edgartown, Martha'sVineyard, Massachusetts.A doctor of philosophy (1906) at the University ofChicago, he served on the faculty twenty-nine years. Be­fore coming to the- University history department in1908, Jernegan studied at the University of London andwith the Carnegie Institution. His' best known book, 11. "Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America,1607-1783," was being followed at the time of his death bya series of documents relating to the emigration fromEurope to America during colonial and early nationalperiods of United States history.ROUND TABLE(Continued from Page 8)present danger" test-e-for at most advocating the violent overthrowof government (they do not admit that they advocate violentoverthrow)-there are very grave doubts about the leaders. Thenyou go down to the members of those organizations who mayhave all sorts of ideas about what they are in favor of, just as\ Catholics may have diflIierent views about Catholic polity. Thenyou get to groups which have the same ideas as other groups.The Communist front groups are supposed to have the sameideas as. Communist groups. And you get members of theCommunist front group etten with mere opinions at the veryworst, Because of vague definitions, everyone is at the peril ofwhat the jury or judge may guess he has done and what thejury or. judge may think is right and sound.Mr. Levi: No good really comes out of it from the standpointof those who are pushing these measures. You do not drivethe communists out in the open with-such measures. What youmay do is to have every liberal organization left by the memberswho are not communists because they are worried about beingcalled communists.Mr. Sharp: When, actually, liberals ought to be encouragedto go into these organizations,• • •Mr. Sharp: In 1933 the Illinois legislature passed an act designedto punish the, "associates" of gunmen like the Capone gang. InhoMing the ad unconstitutional, the Illinois Supreme Courtsaid: "No: legislative body in this country possesses the power tochoose associates for citizens. With mere guilty intention, divorcedfrom an overt act Of outward manifestation thereof" the law doesnot concern itself."In 1920 an attack upon unpopular groups was opposed byCharles Evans Hughes, later chief justice of the United StatesSupreme Court. He said: "... it is of the essence of. the institutionsof liberty that it be recognized that guilt is personal and cannotbe attributed to the holding of opinion or to mere intent in theabsence of overt acts ... .''-In New York at that time laws were passed imposing broadand vague loyalty tests on teachers. Three years later, GovernorAlfred Smith took office and insisted upon the repeal of thoselaws. In signing the bins repealing, the laws he said:: "They arerepugnant to the ideals of American democracy."In 1943 a judgment cancelling a certificate of citizenship formembership in the Communist party was reversed by the SupremeCourt of the Unirted States.. Speaking for the. Court, Mr. JusticeMurphy said: "... under our traditions, beliefs are personal andnot a matter of mere association .... "In 1945, concurring in an opinion that the government hadnot proved its case for the deportation of Harry Bridges, Mr.Justice Murphy said: "The doctrine of personal guilt is, oneof. the most fundamental principles of our jurisprudence. Itpartakes, of the very essence of the concept of freedom and dueprocess of law .... It prevents the persecution of the innocent forthe beliefs and actions of others .. "Last year, John Lord O'Brian, for many years a Republicanleader of the New York Bar and an eminent 'public servant,wrote an eloquent article in the Harvard Law Review condemningthe use of vague guillt by association tests for federal employees.He said: "The real danger to our nation lies in these measuresto' which attention has been drawn, in the mental climate inwhich they originate, and in the apparent indifference to theirreal significance. Surely it cannot be said that the suggestedrestraints will increase the sense of mutual confidence. If thereis doubt as to-. the necessity or efficacy of. these restraints andinvestigations" can we not resolve. that doubt by a greater faithon' our part in the common sense and the sound moral judgmentof the average American? In so doing, we can take for guidan.cethe words in which Mr. justice Cardozo' summarized the' Wisa6mof many generations: 'Experimentation there may be in manythings of deep concern, but not ifl settling boundaries tothought; for thought freely communicated is the indispensablecondition of : intelligent experimentation, the one test of itsvalidity.' "Comperlson of blood taken before and two weeks aHervaccination will reveal immunity response •. Or. Frank E.Hesse of the Student Health Service takes a blood samplefrom AI PaHi. while Eileen Sprinqstun and Melvin Steinawait their tu�n.Miss Laura Y dze, chief nurse at the Student HeaHh Clinic.veccina+es student Susan Lorentzen with the latest vaccinedeveloped by the army. Waitin,g to be shot are AI Pam.Marie Gross and Richa,rd- Homer.Miss Ma,ry Agne,s McCarthy, laboratory assidant (left) andMrs .• Mair.ie H.> Ritter. research assistant (riight) are rea,dingthe serological tests of the. students' blood to detQrmineeffecHveness of vaccine. VIRUS FIGHTERS-2500 STRONGIN mid-January, the Student Health Service circulateda notice among all the University dormitories. Out­breaks of influenza had been reported in Italy andFrance, and a few cases had been detected in militarypersonnel in this country. Any student wishing to protecthimself against the "likelihood" of a Midway epidemicneed only step up and he counted. By the end of themonth, more than 1200 volunteers had been injected with1 cc. of the latest influenza vaccine on the market; 1300more had volunteered as controls.Whether they realized it or not, those students weredoing more than just serving themselves. They weretaking part in the greatest offensive against influenzaever launched by the medical world. For behind the In­fluenza Detection Service recently inaugurated in theUniversity clinics, is the story of the World Health Or­ganization's influenza program in action.Many factors weighed heavily in the United' StatesPublic Health decision to set up the influenza watchstation em campus. There were the excellent researchfacilities, the well-trained medical staff, and the dis tin­guished work of the man appointed to direct the Influ­enza Detection Service, Dr. Clayton q. Loosli. Duringthe war he had served as consultant to the Secretary ofWar and as a member of the Surgeon General's Commis­sion on Air-borne Infections. Since his return to theMidway in 1946 he' has headed the Student HealthService and directed the influenza experiments conductedcontinuously on campus during the last two and half years.But the good doctor, who should know, steps back andsays it was the students' response to the University's re­search that finally tipped the scales. This year's turn­out was no exception to the grand total of bare armsv injected during each of the three experiments in the past.And this is nothing but as it should be, for as the directorreasons:"The student knows he's getting good medical servicefrom the University. And once the student knows that,he'll gladly cooperate with any research that will makethat care even better."At any rate, the effect of the response has projectedbenefits beyond the student body to the larger populationgroups as well. It has enabled the laboratory staff tostudy in microcosm all the problems of control of con­tagious diseases multiplied many -times 'over in the largerworld community.12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHIGAGO MAGAZINEStudent turnout at the Influehza Detec­tion Service is giv,ilng the World Health Or­ganization Influenza Proqrern a reall shot inthe arm.And so it was natural that the University laboratorieswere chosen as a listening post in a world-wide hookupof scientific research.The W, H. O. influenza program in operation is aneffective network for transmitting the newest data on thedreaded disease. It is a program to which the best govern­mental and private laboratories in the world are tunedin. With world headquarters at the National Institute forMedical Research in London, and various informationcenters in each participating nation, it is a truly reliablesystem of medical intelligence.How the University laboratory fits into that system isindicative of the careful forethought, dose coordination,and timely reporting characteristic at all levels of theprogram. Terse reports tracing the progress of the mostrecent incidence of the disease come daily to the desk ofthe director of the Midway station. Sent out by the Pub­lic Health Service Influenza Information Center atBethesda, they are compilations of cablegrams, trans­oceanic calls, and airmail letters received by the. Londoncenter from cooperating laboratories scattered all overthe map. They are the danger signals that alert thecampus laboratory to circulate notices like the one postedon the bulletin boards this past January.But the Midway watch station could be the one toflash the red light, as well. If an outbreak of a diseasesuspected to be influenza should be recognized among theUniversity community, it would sound the alert. TheBethesda information center would be notified of the local 13outbreak and the results of the preliininary serologicaltests would' accompany that news. Meanwhile, as theprogress of the Midway epidemic :vas beamed to everyother laboratory in the network, the real detecting jobof the campus laboratory would begin.Blood tests before and two weeks after vaccinationwould be first on .the list. The blood samples of the sus­pected cases of influenza would support or contradict thetentative diagnosis. The tests of the students taking theprecaution of being vaccinated would reveal further valu­able medical data. The pre-vaccination samples wouldtell if the student had been attacked previously by a re­lated virus strain and so been able to build up immunityagainst the current variety. A comparison of the beforeand after vaccination samples would determine immunityresponse.Throat washings of the affected students would be in­jected immediately into two-day-old chick embryos.Forty-eight hours later the task of isolating the virusstrains from the cultures could begin.Once the strains were isolated, they would be sent to'the National Influenza Strain Center at Long Island Col­lege of Medicine for complete antigenic analysis. Finally,appropriate strains of the virus would be included incommercial vaccine available to combat the disease' notonly on the campus, but wherever an epidemic caused bythe same virus should strike.The ultimate aim of all this activity would be a vaccineof such broad antigenic coverage that it would apply atall times regardless of the differences in virus strains. That.is the ideal. The reality is a program still far from thatgoal. But constant research, pooling of knowledge andcoordinated offensives are moving the program ever closerto that end.The first epidemic research conducted .at the Universitylaboratory showed progress toward that objective. In thefall of 1946, when periodicity studies predicted an out­break would occur, tests were made to prove the effective­ness of vaccines employed with great success by the Army(Continued on Page 15)Evaluating the vaccine is one of the most importal1_tsteps in the virology study. �r. Clay.ton· G. �oosll,Director of the Influenza. Detection Service, exernrnes awhite mouse infected with pauemonifus virus, whi<ch isrelated to the agent causing Parrot Fever. .All of which brings us to the fact that influenza re­search is only one espec+ of fh,e respirefory inf.ectionsstudy. being undertaken at the University laboratories.The "common cold," which has been ringing up anannual bill of five billion dollars Tor the netion, is stillanother major air-borne infecfi·on being t.ackl:ed.In July Dr. Loosli . leaves his post as D I rector �f. !heStudent Health Service to become head of the DIVISionof Preventive Medicine and Public Health in the Schoofof Medicine. But his work with the respiratory researchprogram he initiated in 1946.will conti�ue .. And at !heMidway Influenza watch station, he will still be callingthe signals.CALENDAR'Friday, April ISEMI NAR SERI ES-(University College, Downtow� Center; 19 S. LaSalre St.}Ten sessions 12:00 M.-2:00 P.M., Fridays. 'Personality Factors In thePractice of' Adult Educe+ion," seminar leaders a.re M,akolm Knowles,director oif Adwl:t Educefion, Central Dept., Ci'I;I'cago Y.M.C:A., andArthur J. Shedlin Dean of Students in Univers.ity College, ap·d instructorin psychology, the University elf Chicago. A box lunc� WI!' be madeavaiila,ble to aJ!. pa>r.ticiparnts for fifty cen.ts a luncheon. Series ticket, $12.00.Sunday, A'p'rH 3UN IVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th &Woodl�wn). 11:00 A.M. Dr. Pawl Tillich, Union Theological Seminary, NewC6LlkE�I�trMI MUSICUM ,CONCERT-Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Av_e­nue, 8:30 P.M. "Passion According to St. Matthew," Schutz. No admis­sion charge. Monda'y,' Apri:1 4PUBLl:G LECTURE--(University Colleqe, Downtown Center) 6:30 p.M.,,' CivicOpera Building, Suite 631, 20 Nor.th. Wacker Drive. Ne",:, series.. "IdeaWeapons in Today's Cold Wars: Zionism Faces the Arabs. .t�ysterlous Po­litica.1 FaIth" Sunder Joshi, essis+ant p-rofessor itn. the Division of AdultEducation, !'ndiana! Universily.. Series ticket: $5.40; single admission, $0.75.SEMINAR SERLES-(Uni1versity College, Downtown Center, 19 South. LaSalleSt.) TeA. sessions, 7:00-9:00 P.M., Mondays. "Techniques In Co�fer:enceDlscussion." dlrecfed' by Thomas. Fa:nsJer., Director of Research, NationalSafety Co'undt In this course, certain principles app,lying. fo group. sihi?­+ions in everyday, experience will. be observed and studied, training Inthe necessary t.echniques of group leadership will be afforded through ob­servatiorr and practice. Series ticket, $1.2,00.S!l;M!IiNAR SERFES-(Unliversity Coillege, Downtown Center, 19 S. La�,alle Str.e�t}.Ten sessions (started March 28), 7:00-9:00' P.M., Mondays. Personality,Occupation and Organization," led' by Dr .. Burleigh B. Gardner and Mrs.Ha,r,r,i,ett Bruce Moor·e of the s,taff of Soda I Research" Inc. Seminar onpersonefi+y and fils relation to the functioning <Of the' individual in variousoccupations, especially in. executive and managerial positions. Series ticket,$25 . .0.0. .SEMINAR SERI-ES-(University Colleqe, Downtown Center.} Eight sessionssta>rHng Apr.il: 4, Mon:day,. 7:s0-9:3.o P.M. "The UN, qpd l+s- SpecialleedAgencies," Louise Leonard Wright, Director of the Chiceqo Coundl onForeign Relations, will lead discussion. 19 South LaSalle Street. Seriesticket, $ AND DOCUMEN1fARY FILM SERIES-(Int,ernationali House Audjl­foriwm, 1414 East 59th Street), 8:00 P. M. promptly. "The Puritan" (French).Admission: 4Oc.Tuesday, AprH 5SEMINAR SERIES-fUniversify College, Downtown Center, 1'9 So;uth LaSalleStreet). First of 1'0 sessions, Tuesdevs, 7:00-9:30 P.M. "The World's Gr�atPoehy,'" semin,a'r leader wiJJ be Wade Thompson, lecturer ip UniversityColleqe. Seminar gr�p will study representative poems of the' g/eate.stEnglish' and American -euthors, 'irrl'cluding Shakespeare, -Jonson, Marl'ow.,Donne, Herbert Marvell, Milton, Gray, Burns, Keats, Wordsworth, Brown­i'I\(J, Whitman, T. S. Eliot and Allen Tate, with a view to acquiring a criticalinsigM in+o gr.eqt poetry qS .�ell as a,n. und�rsTand;i.l!lg, of the historical de­velopmenf of our poetic herifa,g·e. Series ticket, $12:0().SEMINAR SERIES-(University College, Downtbwn Center, 19 South LaSalleStreet). Tuesdays, 7:30-9:s0 P.M., twelve sessions (started March 29). "Sho�t­Story. Wr.it,irng," seminar leader, George Steinbrecher, lecturer ln Eng!lish,University College. Current theories of the art 'of saort-s+orv wrilring willbe examined as a background for the writing of stories by members, ofthe group. Series ticket, $18.0.0.SEMINAR SERI ES-(tJliliversoity Colleqe, Downtown Center, 19 South LaSalleSt .. ). Ten sessions, Tuesdevs, 7:30�9:30. \P.M. '''Religion, Soci-e�y and theIndividual," seminar leader, John Shlien, lecturer, University Colleqe.Nature and function of sacred beliefs and practices, importance of re­ligio.r'1; in every civilization 'because ,o·{ humen nature andr society, etc., willbe considered Fn fhe light of concepts end evidence newly developed insociology, psychology, and. anthropology. Series ticket, $12.00.PUBLIC LECTURE-(University College, Downtown Center}. In a series often lectures, Charles Morris, ledtJ�er in Pliiilosopmy, Chice qo, will analyze"The Prag:mati:c Movement;' with special emphasis on.. the works ofCharles Pierce, William James, John Dewey, and George H. Mead. Theywi-ll be given consecutive Tuesdays, 8:0.0 P.M., 19 South LaSalle Street.Seri.es fidet, $0;0.0; single admiss,ion, $0,.75. Individual lecture topics are tobe ,annolJ'nced.ORGAN RECITAL-RockefelI,er Memorial Chapel, 5.9th and Woodlawn Ave­nue, 8:1'5 P.M. Mario Salvador, St. Louis. N.o admission charge.Wednesday, Apdl 6BASEBAll:. GAME-Varsity vs. University of Illinois, Navy Pier Branch. StaggField, 57th and University, s:30 P.M. No admission charge.PUBLIC 'LECrURE-,(Uni:versity Co.liege, Downtown Ce.l'l.ter), 6:30 P.M., Room809,. 19 So,ufim, LaSall�e' S,treet. New 'se�i,es,. "The Visillia!1 RevolruHon in Art.,"Sihy,1 Moholy-N.a:gy. Seri'es ti,cket: $6.0G; ·singile adm'ission, $0.75. Thisevening's Jectuff;'l,' ;"Anal,ytical Cubism: Departure from the Renaissance."SEMINARS IN WORLD POLlHCS-(Unive'fsity College, Downtown Center" incoope'r,atioll w.it;h th,e. Chicag'o Council on 'Forerig·n ,Re!latio:ns and tRe Am,elri,­can foul",da,fion fo'r' 'P'oJ-jti-cal Ed'ucaHon). Ten week'I'y 'sessions for each ofthe following g:roups: Wednesdays, 7:00-9:00 ·P.M., Thursdays, 7:.oO�9:00 P.M.,and !Fridays, 7:00-9:00 ,P .. M. The cost is $10.00 per person, o.r $12.00 per mar­ri"ed couple; fbi,s price iil'lcludes readi''l;t'g materials. Sessio'llS wilfl a,lI s;ta,rtweek. of AprFI 4. A .complete descri:ption of' tile couirse 'is available upon�ucl . . -S:EMINAR SERII:S-{University Colr.lege, Downtown Ceillet, 19 South LaSall,eStreet�. Ten sessii,on:s '(staded Ma'rchi 30), Wedlilesdays, 7,:'QO-'9::00 P.M. UTheWorld"s Great Plays," gro.a:pdiscu5sioA leader will be Ha'rold Mari'enf�al,lecti:lrer in the Basic Program in University College. Students in this gro-up.will read aloud and di:scwss Ever;yma,,,,; Shakespeare, The Taming of theShte'Yi; Monere, Tartuffe; I bS·e''1.i Ghosts; E�ripedes. lro!i",'n, Women; Wilde,Lad;y Windermere's Fan; Gorky,. The ,Lower _Oepths.; Pira,mde:I-lo, Six Char.acters in Sea.rch of an Author;. O'Neill, "The Great- GOel Brown; Sartre,The Flies. SerIes ticket: $12.00. . .... .• •SEM1NAR .SERIES-::(Univers.ity Colleqe; IDowntown Center, 19 S. La'Salle St.."Twelve :s6S'sions (started' M'a'Tcl1 sO), 7:'ClO-19:s0 P.M'." Wednesdays. "Eco.nomks in the Modern World,'" dis.Gussion leader, Proctor Thomson, re-, se<il.r�h. ess(jdate in Economics, University oJ Chicago, who. devel9ped thiscoill:Pse' espeda)Uy. for the Round Table. Cour�e wiiH ,provide ba.ckg.r,oundfor.. hettier iJnderstand'il'lg sblch ,confe�ppr.aql problems as ·infiation a'nd de­flation:'�unionism, industria,1 monopo,ly,' min'i-mum' -wage' laws; internatioria Itrade, and the European Recovery Program, among others. Series ticket,$15.001 . SEMINAR SERIES-(U'niversfty College" Downtown Center, 19 S. LaSalle St.)Six sessions, 7:0.0-8:30 P.M., Wednesdays. "How to Read Statistics," led byR. Clay Sprowls, teaching assistant. School of Business, University of Chi­cago. Designed for persons who have little or no familiarity with ste­tistical methods, but who have occasion to consult statistical reports orto use the results and conclusions" of statistical investigations. Seriesticket: $7.50..PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street,7:30 P.M. "Religion in Greek Civilization," first in a series of ten lec­tures. Fsencis R. WaMon, assistant professor of Greek, University of Chi.cago. Admission: $0,82.Thursday, April 7SEMINAR SERIES-(University Colleqe, Downtown Center, 19 S. LaSalle St.)Ten sessions (started March 31). 4:30-6:00 P.M., Thursdays. ElementaryScience Teaching: Methods and Resources," led by Abraham Raskin, assist­ant professor ot the Biological Sciences (College), University of Chicago.'Seminar, designed primarily for teachers in service, will consider materials,fecilities, and sou roes employed by the science teacher in the first eiqhtgrades. Series ticket $12.00.PUBLIC LECTURE�U'niversity of Chicago Executive Program Club lecture, 84Esst Randolph "Street, 7:00 P.M. Current Trends in Business Series. "Taxes ,.Ray Blouqh, professor of economics and political science, University ofChicago. Series ficke+s only. .SEMINAR SERIES-(University College, Downtown Center, 19 South LaSalleStreet). lien sessions (starfed March 31), Thursdays, 7:00-9:30 P.M."Modern American Plays," group discussion leader will be HaroldMarienthal, lecturer in the Basic Program in University College. Studentsin this group will read and discuss: Emery, The Hero; howard, TheyKnew What They Wanted; Barry, You and I; Behrman, Biography; Odets.Waifing for 'Lefty; Wilder,. Our Town; O'Neill" The Hairy Ape; Kaufman,You Can't Take It With You; Anderson, Winterset; Green, The Field God.Series ticket, $12.00..SEMINAR St:KU:$-(U'ni'versity Coli'ege, Downtown Center, 19 S. LaSalle St.)Ten sessions, (started March 30), 1':30-9:30 P.M .. , Thursdays. "Democracyand Communism: A Case Study," discussion leader, Edith Goebel,lecturer in the Basic Program, University College. To better understandthe contemporary international situation, members of the seminar willstudy some single politice! problem taken as a representative example ofthis development. A selection of the most important political andphilosophic texts wi" be read intensively and discussed. Series Ticket,$12.'00Friday. April 8PUBLIC LECTURE-(University College, Downtown Center) 14th Floor, 32West Randolph Street. 7:30. P.M. "rhe Great Ideas: Progress," MortimerJ. Adler, professor of philosophy of law, U. of Chicago. Admission $1.50.UNIVERSITY CONCERT-Mandel Hall, 5714 University Avenue, 8:30 P.M.Alma Trio (Roman, Totenberg, violin; Gabor Rejto, violoncello; Adolph'Baliler, piano}, Proqrern: Brahms, Trio, C minor, Opus 101; Beethoven,Variati'ons on a Theme by Mozart for Violoncello and Piano, E flat major;Leonard B. Meyer" Sonato for Violin and Piano; Dvorak, Trio, Opus 90("Dmmky"'),. Admission: $1.50.Saturday, April 9TENN IS MATCH-Varsity vs. North Central ·College. Varsity Courts, 58thand lJIni'v'ersity Aveoue, No admission charge. Time to be announced.Sunday, April 10UN IVERSITY REliGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th &Woodlawn). 11:QO A. M. Wa.llace W. Robbins, associate dean of the Chapel.GOEH-fE CONCERT-lECTURE-Auditorium, lnternericnel House, 1414 East59th Street, 4:0.0 P.M. Frederick Sternfeld, Dartmouth University, lecturer,with musical illustrations by Hans Alten, baritone, and Siegmund Levarie,pieno, No admission charge.Monday, April IIPUBLIC LECTURE-(University College, Downtown Center) 0:30 P.M., CivicOpe-ra Bui'ldi,I'l,g, Suite 631, 20 North Wacker Drive. "Idea Weapons inToday's Cold Wa'rs: Embattled Ideas-East and West of the IronCurtain," Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the Division of Adult. Education, Indiana University.' Single admission: $.0.75.FOREIGN ANI) DOClJIMENTARY FILM SERIES-(International HouseAuditorium, 1414 E. 59th Street), 8:00 P.M. promptly. "To Live inPeace" (Italian). Admission: $0.55.TU<9sday, April 12PUBLIC LECTURE-University College, Downtown Center, 19 South LaSalleStreet, 8:00 P.M. "The Pragmatic Movement," Charles Morris, lecturerin ph.ilo$ophy, University of Chicago. Thi'rd in series of ten. Admissi.ol'l$0.75.Wednesday, April 13PUBLIC LECTUR!.E-Culture and World Community Series. Room 2, Rosen­wald HaLl (on t'he circle at 58th St. and Un'iversity Avenue), 4:30 P.M."Wisdom and' the Increase. of Knowledge," first in series, Richard P.McKeon, distinguished service professor of Greek and Philosophy,University of Chicago. No admission charge.PUBLIC LECTUR:E-(,university College, Downtown Center) 6:30 P.M., Room809, 19 So.uth LaSalle Street. "The Visual Revolution in Art: ArrestedMotion-Synthetic Cubism and Futurism," Sibyl Moholy-Nagy. Admission,$0.75.PlmU,C LECTURE-(llJniversity College, Downtow"n Center, and th,e ChicagoCouncil on Foreign Relations), 6:s0 P.M., Woodrow Wilson Room, 13thFloor, 116 South Michigan Avenue. First lecture in series, "Nationsin Crisis." "Ge.rmany Today," Ernst Puttkammer, professor of law, Chicago.Seri'es tidet (5 lectures) $4 . .00; single admission, $1..0.0. 'PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street,7:30 P.M. "Religion in Green Civilization," Francis R. Walton, assistantprofessor ,of: Greek, University of Chicago. Admis�ion, $0.82.UfCTlJRE SERIES-,(University Colilege, Downtown Center) 19 South LaSalleStreet, 3:.00 P.M. Training in Industry series, "Educational Programs forDevelopment of Technical Skills and Competence," Carl A. Dietz, assistantto Vice-Pr.eside,mt of Wyman-Gordon Company, Joseph �" Fitzer, directortraining department of Continental '1Ilinois National Bank, and W. MillerOwen, assistant director of training, Caterpillar Tractor Company.· Seriesti-cket only.14THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESunday, April 17UN IVERSITY REliGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel (59th &Woodlawn). II :00 A.M. Easter Sunday Services. Dr. John B. Thompson,dean of the Chepel. Monday, April '18FOREIGN AND DOCUMENTARY FILM' SERIES-(International HouseAuditorium, ,I4lJo4 E. 59th Street), 8:00 P.M. promptly, Gharlie Chaplinfilms. Admission: 35c.Tuesday, April 19PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social Science ,BI:JHding, 1126, 59th Street,4:30 P.M. First lecture in "Taste in 18th Century England Series." "Reasonand Sensibility in 18th Century Aesthetics," Rudolph Wittkower, WarburgInstitute, University of London. No admission charge.PllBUC LECTURE-c(University College, Downtown Center) 19 South LaSalleStreet, 8:00 P.M. Fourth in Series. "The P-ragmatic Movement," CharlesMorris, lecturer in philosophy, University of Chicago. Admission: $0.75.. Wednesday., April. 20PUBLIC LECTURE-Room '122, Social Science Building, 1'1.26, East 59th Sheet,4:30 P.M. "Taste in Eighteenth Century England: Connoisseurship andAristocratic Patronage," Rudolph Wittkower, Warburg Institute, Universityof London. No admission che rqe.PUBLIC LECTURE-!Universify Colleqe, Downtown Center} 6:30 P.M., Room809, 19 South LaSalle Street. "The Visual Revolution in Art: Symbolismand Color in Expressionism," Siibyl, Moholy-Nagy. c Admission: 75c.PUBtlC LECflJRE-(University Colleqe, Downtown Center, and the ChlcaqoCouncil on Foreign Relations), 6:30 P.M. Woodrow Wilson Room, 13thFloor, 116 South Michigan Avenue. "Nations in Crisis: India and theNew Order in Asia." Phillips Talbot, lec+urer In politi.i:al science" Chicaqo.Single admission, $1.00.PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street,7:30 P.M. "Religion in Greek Civilize+lon," Francis R. Walton, assistan.tprofessor of Greek, University of Chicago. Admission, $0.82.Thursday, April 21PUBLIC LECTURE-Leon Mandel Ha.II, 57'14 University Avenue, 8:30 P.M ..First in Reneissences: Encounters Between Dead and Living Civilizationsseries. "The I'nstitutional Aspect," Arnold J. Toynbee, research professorof rnternational history, Universliv of London. No admission charge.Friday, AprH 22BASEBALL GAME-Varsity. vs. University ot Illinois, Navy Pier Branch,Stecio Field, 57th & University. 3:30 P'.M. No admission charqe.UNIVERSITY CONCERT-Mandel HaH, 57,14 Unlversi+v Avenue, 8:30 P.M.Guilet Quartet (Daniel Guilet, first violin; Jac Gorodets'ky, second violin;Frank Brieff, viola; Lucien Kirsch l.e oor+e, violoncello). Program: Brahms,Quartet, B flat major. Opus 667; Milheud, Quartet No. 1.2.; Mendelssohn,Quartet" E minor, Opus 44, No.2. Admission: $1.50,.Saturday, April 23TENNIS MATCH-Va-rsi.ty vs. Me rouef+e University. Varsity Courts, 58th &University Avenue, No admission charqe. Time +o be announced.BASEBALL GAME-Varsitv vs. St. Josephs College. Stagg Field, 57th &. University, 2:30 P.M. No admission charge.Sunday, ADrH 24UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller Memoria·1 Chapel (59th &Woodlawn\, 11:00 A.M. Dr. Wilhelm Pauck, professor in the FederatedTheology Faculty, University of Chicago.Monday, APril 25PUBLIC lECTURE-(University Colleqe, Downtown Center) 6:30 P.M., CivicVIRUS FIGHTERS(Continued from Page 13)in the 1943 and 1945 epidemics.More than 2,000 �tudents in 12 University houses tookpart. Almost 40 per cent of that total were vaccinated.The remainder served as controls.The result of that experiment proved that the com­bined influenza A and B virus vaccine which workedmagic in the previous epidemic was' as ineffective as asaline solution in coping with the 1946-1947 variety. Sincethat episode, an operative vaccine 'has been developed bythe Army which incorporates the mysterious FM -1 strainresponsible for the Chicago siege. The vaccine given thestudent body this year contained a mixture of strainsisolated in the 1943, 1945 and 1947 outbreaks. The studynow under way at the Midway station aims at evaluatingthis latest vaccine developed by the Army.With each such discovery, the stockpile of medicalknowledge grows higher and the world's defenses againstthe disease more secure. If the World Health Organiza­tion's offensive succeeds, the greatest cause of absentee­ism in industry and the classroom will finally be licked.V.A.K 15Opera Bldg., Suite 6311', 20 North Wacker Drive, "Idea Weapons in Today'sCold Wars: Communism-The Phantom Enemy that Outrivals Russia,"Sunder Joshi, assistant professor in the Division of Adult Education,Indiana University. Single admission, $0.75.PUBLIC LECTURE-Leon Mandel Hall, '5714 University Avenue, 8:00 P.M.University. of Chicago Thomas Foundation lecture, title to be announced.Eduard Heimann, professor of political and social sciences, New Schoo]for Sociel Research, I.ecturer. 1N0 admission charge.FOREIGN AND DOCUMENTARY FILM SERIES-(International House Audi-torium, 1414 E. 59th Street). 8:00 P.M. promptly. "The Great Glinka"(Russian). Adrnission:, $0.35.Tuesday, April .26PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social- Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street,4:30 .P.M. "Taste in 18th Century England: Popular Art and the GrandManner,'" Rudolph WJttkower, Warburg l nstitu+e, University of London.No admission charge.PUBLIC LECTURE-(University College, Downtown Center) 19 South LaSalle. Street, .8:00 P.M. Fifth of ten lectures, "The Pragmatic Movernent", CharlesMorris, lecturer inl philosophy; University Q{ Chicago. Admlssion: $0.75.PUBLIC LECTURE-Leon Mandel Hall. 5714 University Avenue, 8:30 P.M.Second in Renaissances: Encounters Between Dead and Living Civilizetionsseries, U. of Chicago Committee on Social Thouqh+ 'I ecture, ','The Psycho­loqice I Aspect," Arnold J. Toynbee, resee rch professor of internationa Ihistory, University of London. No admission charge.Wednesday, Apri'l 27BASEBALL GAME-Varsity vs. Northwestern University. Stagg Field, 57th& University, 3:30 P.M. No admission cha rge.PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 122, Social Science Buildinq, 1126 East 59th Street4:30 P.M. "Taste in 18th Century England: Patronage of the Middl�Classes.". �udolph Wittkower, War'burg Institute, University of London.No e drnission charge.PUBLIC LECTURE-Room 2, Rosenwald Hall (on, the circle at 58th Streetand University Ave) 4:'30 P.M. "Culture and World Community: TheArts and Community," Richard P. Mc'Keon, distinguished service professorof Greek and Philosophy, University of Chicaqo, No admission che rqe ,PUBLIC. LECTURE-:-(Universi!'y College Downtown Center, ?nd the ChicagoCouncil, on Forelan Relefions) . 6:30 P.M. Woodrow Wilson Room, 13thfloor, 116 South Michigan Avenue. "Nations in Crisis: The Prospect in�hi�a,': Earl I-i. Pritcha.rd, essocie+e professor of far eastern history endinstl+u+ions, Chiceqo, Single admission $1.00.PUBLIC LECTUR'E-(University College Downtown Center} 6:30' P. M., Roorn809, 19 South LaSalle Street. "The Visual Revolution in Art: The StructuralEmphasis in Abstract Art-Suprematism, Neo-Plasticism, Constructivism"Sibyl Moholv-Neqv. Admission: $0.75., 'PUBL'IC lECTURE-Room 122, Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street.. 7:30 P.M. "Religion in Greek Civilization," Francis R. Walton, assistantprofessor of Greek, Universi+y of Chicago. Admission charqe: $0.82 ..Thursday, April 28PUBLIC LECTURE-(University College, Downtown Center), 19, South LaSalleStreet, 3:00 P.M. Training in Industry series. "How Adults Learn," GuyT. Buswell, professor of educational psychology, University of Chicago.Series tickets only.PUBLIC LECTURE-Leon Mandel Hall, 5714 University Avenue, 8:30 P.MUniversity of <::hicago. Moody Foundefion lecture, title to be announced:Norman, Corwin, radio drama, writer, director, and producer, Noadmission cha rge.Saturday, Ap,ril 30BASEBALL GAME-Varsity vs, North Central College. Stagg Field, 57th8C University, 2:30 P.M. No admlssion charge.Mrs. Hector Coates and Hero The big news of thisyea r 's QuadrangleClub Revels, annualfaculty bur I e s que(March 11-12), wasthat Chancellor Hut­chins had a singingpart.The big. momentwas when tall, shoul­der-padded, teen-age­looking Bob appearedas a bouncer at ClubElysian "on the shady,left bank of the Styx,"dressed in a footballuniform.The big payoff waswhen Hutchins, sing':ing the. "Rose BowlBlues," got to laugh­ing, fluffed his lines,and 'ad libbed, "Youcan see that my heartisn't-In it!" .PART il t: The blueprint itself -----regionalism and human rightsA Constitution is like a living organism. It cannot beput together "by fiat of committee resolutions. Allconstituent assemblies work on the basis of oneor more prepared drafts. Before the U. S. Constitu­tional 'Convention was a Virginia Draft, and a Pennsyl­vania Draft, and others. The Austrian Constitution, totake a random example of recent times" was the work ofone man, Professor Kelsen, which was scrutinized andaccepted by a representative constituent assembly, TheWeimar Constituent Assembly worked on the draft ofDr. Preuss; the new Palestinian constituent assembly'slabor is focused on a text by Dr. Leo Kohn.It was natural, hence, that after some preliminarytheoretical discussion and documentation-about the na­ture of Federalism, or the aims of World Government­the Committee To Frame" a World Constitution steppedover to that generally accepted method. Already at thefourth meeting, a "Draft B" was introduced by the secre­tary, as "something to shoot at." This Draft was followedsoon by a '''Draft G,'" then by Drafts III, IV, and V.Elements of these new drafts were incorporated in Draft Bwhich drew inspiration also from the. U. S., Swiss, Russian,Spanish, Weimar, Swedish, Chinese constitutions, under­went six rewritings and eventually emerged victoriously.A Constitution 'is) likewise, a political manifesto. Itsinstitutions, regulations, checks and balances do not op­erate in a vacuum hut are inspired by a specific philosoph­ical and political creed. There are communist and Catholicand socialist constitutions. Before the last French Con­stituent Assembly, there were seven different drafts, ex­pressing seven different political creeds. FIXED BOUDEBATABLETENTATIVE MAP OF NINECONSTITUTIONfIfor theWORLDBy ELISABETH MANN BORGESE16LECTORAL REG10N$The political tendencies expressed in the "ChicagoPlan" have been attacked .violently both from the leftand the right. The Kremlin stigmatized the document,repeatedly, as. Western imperialism and Wall S'treet prop­aganda; the Chicago Tribune was enraged, on the con­trary, by its "communist" content. This proves, if anyproof were needed, that the document is neither com­munist nor Western imperialist. Written for the wholeworld, the Constitution tries to find a synthesis of illhigher creeds and systems. There is Christianity andthere is Hinduism; there is. free enterprise and there issocialism and economic planning. There is democracyand aristocracy. The inspiration behind it all may be de­fined as Social Humanism.A prominent public relations man recently sought someclarification on the mutual relationship between groupslike the Committee To Frame a World Constitution and,say, Clarence Streit's Federal Union. During the ensuingpatient explanations on differences and contrasts, his. eyesdilated in hilarious stupefaction. World federalists areworld, federalists, in his opinion. He came to us to seeworld federalists with the same expectation he might havegone to the zoo to see hippopotamuses, When hippopot­amuses start fighting' among themselves, it is beyond his, comprehension and interest..We do not want to initiate our readers here into thehippopotamuses' wranglings. May it suffice to indicatethat there are two main tendencies, in the world govern­ment movement in general, which reflected themselvesalso within the Committee and determined the course ofits debates. One tendency aims at a world government restrictedin scope, and if need be, in space. Its structure shouldimpose on the world but a minimum of change'; itspowers should be limited to prevent war. Security is itsonly aim. If all countries could not be included at once, astart could be made with those ready to co-operate underthose terms.According to the other tendency, the world is indivisi­ble and one; security as a goal is attractive to that smallpart only which has something to keep secure; the over­whelming majority of mankind wants, more than security,justice. Powers adequate to prevent war include powersadequate to cope with the causes of war; which means,among other things, competence in social and economiclegislation.This contrast was discussed most thoroughly and sys­tematically .. A document entitled "Of Atomic Fear andTwo Utopias" tilted the balance in favor of the secondview. Hence, the Constitution's emphasis is based, evenmore than on security, on justice.Security is sought in the establishment, obviously, ofarmament monopoly in the hands of the world govern­ment, reducing- national and local armed forces to thelevel required for internal policing. Security, less obvi­ously, implies the capability, on the part of the worldgovernment) to act swiftly in case of sedition or re­bellion ; on the other hand, it implies, as far as thepeople and the states are concerned, a guarantee againstthe danger of military dictatorship (pretorianism) in theform of world government. To meet both these chal­lenges, the Chicago Plan provides for a- Chamber ofGuardians. The Executive needs the approval of thisChamber for any military action; since the Chamber issmall (seven mt?mbers,' of whom the Chief Executive isone), and in permanent session, prompt action is assured.On . the other hand the "guardians" are chosen by theGrand Tribunal (judicial) and the Council (legislative)in joint session, with painstaking provisions guaranteeingfair representation of all parts of the world, and disqual­ifying any military personnel from the office of Guardian;in other words, . all .possible care' is taken to prevent anymisuse of the armed forces under the control of theChamber of Guardians, an organ which combines execu­tive function with legislative and judicial responsibilitiesin a unique way.Justice, on the other hand, in its threefold aspect ofsocial, racial and economic justice, is. striven for in avery comprehensive Bill of Rights which, needless to say,is not expected to be enforced from one day to the otherbut, at least in so far as economic rights are concerned,will be enforced "according to varying circumstances oftimes and places as the local law may direct."The Chicago Plan's Bill of Rights is hardly more in­elusive than the recently adopted Bill of Rights of theU. N. The basic difference between the two lies only inthe fact that the latter cannot. be 'enforced in any way18 THE UNIVERSITY OF' CHICAGO MAGAZINEas long as the U.N. is not able to enforce anything, whilethe. Chicago Plan provides for enforcement measures.'Phe most interesting of such enforcement measures isin the person of. the Tribune of the People whose dutyis, defined in article 27 of the Constitution. "It shall bethe office and function of the Tribune of the People to'defend the natural and civil rights of individuals andgroups against violation or neglect by the World Govern­ment or any of its component units; to further anddemand, as a World Attorney before the World Republic,the observance of the letter and spirit of this Constitution;and to promote thereby, in the spirit of its Preamble andDeclaration of Duties and Rights, the attainment of thegoals set to the progress of mankind by the efforts ofthe ages."Though the office and title of the' Tribune of thePeople may have some literary or surprising flavor toAmerican readers, this institution, rooted in the remotepast of the history of government both in the- orient andin the occident, has survived and proved its viability andusefulness also in modern constitutions. The Chinese Con­stitution of 1947 establishes an elected "Control Yuan"as "the highest organ of control of the state," whichexercises "the powers of consent, impeachment, rectifica­tion and auditing." The Swedish Constitution of 1909provides for the office of a "J ustitie Ombudsman;" the"moderator between King and People," who protects thepeople's rights and freedoms against any overbearing ornegligence from the part of the authorities. This is alsothe function of the Tribune of the People.Another provision, which has often been criticized asremoving world government from the practically attain­'able minimum into the realm of the utopian maximum, isthat the Federal Government is not based on the States,as is, e.g. the Swiss Government on the' Cantons; or theAmerican on the forty-eight states; instead, between thestates and world government the constitution establishesintermediate entities, grouping the extant states-overseventy-into nine "Regions"* of cultural" economic and(in all cases but one). geographic cohesion.The reasons for. adopting this regional set-up-whichseemingly complicates and delays the establishment ofWorld Government-are manifold but convergent.On the one hand, it afforded a way out of the Impassecreated by the problem of representation in a worldlegislature. On the other hand, it seemed to fulfill ahistorical trend which has become so strong that it shouldnot be ignored any longer.-Concerning the problem of representation, the Com­mittee discarded from the.outset the method, adopted bythe League of Nations or the U.N., of having one votefor each state, whether large as China or tiny as Nica-*The Regions are: Europe; the English-speaking nations (Atlan­tis); Russia' and her associates (Eurasia); India;� China, Japan,Korea (Asia Major); Indochina, Indonesia, with the Mid- and SouthPacific Islands (Austrasia); Latin America (Columbia); the Nearand Middle East (Afrasia); Africa, South of the Sahara" with orWithout the Union of South Africa (Africa). ragua. This method follows from the principle of the.equal sovereignty of the states, which must be modifiedin any world state. It does not reflect in any way thetrends and forces of the world in which we live ..A second principle, apportioning the states' representa­tion according to their numbers in population, was like­wise soon discarded as unrealistic, and unacceptable. Forone thing, a world legislature composed of one represen­tative for the smalles-t state (Iceland, at the present time) ,and proportionate multiples for the larger and largestones would run into the thousands: a mass too unwieldyto do effective business. Second, the disproportion be­tween the representation of, say, the U.S. on the onehand and China. and India on the other, would be asource of preoccupation, to put it mildly, for both sidesconcerned.Without going into the technical discussion of thethree or four alternative proposals that were taken upand discarded by the Committee, it becomes immediatelydear that the problem of representation, which was oneof the thorniest for the fathers of the American Consti­tution=-who had to deal with only thirteen states and a1: 16 proportion, approximately, between the largest' andthe smallest-had assumed unprecedented dimensions ina world of over seventy sovereign states and a 1: 3,500proportion between the smallest (Iceland) and the largest(China). The regional set-up, reducing the number tonine and the ratio to 1: 7, seemed a promising way out.From the historical angle, the nation state, as it hasa beginning, so will it have an end. Economic develop­ments have made the small independent riation state obso­lete; progress in communications stresses the wider cul­tural interrelations. Total war, steamrolling whole con­tinents, has left the states in a depression from whichthey cannot even attempt to recover singlehandedly.What has heen done may be overcome; it cannot beundone. Events in Europe are most telling in thisdirection.The Chicago Plan is not the only nor the first pro­posal for a regional organization of world government.But there isone basic difference between our proposal andall others in this direction. Ely Culbertson's Constitution,e.g., which has been so much discussed in this country, es­tablishes, the regions as full grown economic and politicalorganisms, with governments and constitutions of theirown, on which basis he then founds his world government.In the opinion of the Chicago Committee, this approachis unrealistic. The regions are in the making, but theydo not. yet exist politically. The Chicago Plan, accord­ingly, does not presuppose the regions as alreadyorgan­ized, across oceans and continents. It establishes them at'an intermediate level, called in the Constitution "theFederal Conv:ention," 'at which level regional organiza­tion becomes feasible without any technical difficulty. TheFederal Convention is, composed 'of delegates from thestates, the political realities of today, each state being(Continued on Page 20)VIE started to say that Jay Christ (Busi­N ness Law) has been a man of manyIdes since he left his Illinois Central tele-.... "aph key out in Iowa to become a univer­"y professor. But "cycles", is misleading.We were thinking of his Beverly Hillsvasement workshop where he has lathedr 'rany a puzzle to add to his hundredswhich make up one of the largest puzzle'collections in the country. Time was whenhe appeared on the quadrangles with a ring,that fell to pieces when removed from thefinger, or a double-entry cigarette holderwith two live Kools-the holder disappearedduring the wartime cigarette shortages, or1 trick box indifferent to prying strangers.That cycle has waned. 'Then there was his music cycle waen helought an inexpensive accordion, mastered;emper Fidelis, traded the instrument in for:l more elabo�ate keyboard, a�ld finally gavethe whole thing up as too time-consuming.There have been writing periods when heproduced a total of five text books onbusiness law. At present he is workingon a history of the federal courts andorganized labor.But most of Jay Christ's extracurricularinterests get frequent workouts, as occa-.sions arise.As regular as the lunch hour, he is inhis chair at: the Quadrangle. Club wherehe is.' known as the Dean of the RoundTable. 'The sandwich-with mustard-andglass of milk are incidental.What he r�ally enjoys is bating A. 'J.Carlson (Physiology), arguing with WilliamD. Hark�ns (�hemistry); getting telescopeconstructIOn hints from George Monk (Phy­sics), refreshing his New Testament knowl­ed&"�. with Ha:old �Hloughby (ChristianOngms), debating bird characteristics withCharles Swift (Anatomyj=we remember .acrooked-billed humming bird which crea tedsuch an argument that Jay took Charlie tohis Michigan summer home to win, ex­c�anging . pleasant insults w'ith'";j,JeromeFIsher (Mineralogy), and debating physicalailments with Ralph Gerard (Physiology),Paul Hodges (Roentgenology), and PaulCannon (Pathology) ·with 'whom 'he' 'aJosoargues politics. . " .'. After lunch 'yriu'll always find Christatthe first pocket" billfard table inside the'. ' .", ,,\,,;,;;,' , Behind the BeardPhoto by Lewellyn Sherlock :H�olmesandPocket Billiardsarch to the billiard room, playing, cowboypool-billiards with pocket hazards. Andhere is where we overtook him for thepictures. Which is another story.During, the war Jay Christ was releasedfrom his School of Business responsibilitiesto supervise the teaching of Morse codeto�avy men in training on the quadrangles.ThIS was a flash, back to his early teleg­rapher days.As the work became routine he lookedabout for a release and met SherlockHol�es head .on, Always' the perfectionist,C�flSt was soon an authority on the eccen­tnc Holmes and had been admitted intothe Chicago "Hounds of the Baskervilles."Since then he has written' two books andsOllle 175 articles on the subject; spokenb�£ore audi�nces f!om the QuadrangleClub to Indianapolis, and, at an . institu­tion famous for the Great Hooks of theWestern World (with no mention of ConanDoyle) has given two series of lectures onDoyle at University College,Probably all this had. a good deal to dowith an invitation to join the exclusiveNew York "Baker Street Irregulars," whichhe accepted.Christ's good natured kidding always sea­soned with good sportmanship encouragedthe "Hounds of the Baskervilles," at theannual September meeting in 1947, to is­sue an. araftFary decree for him to appearat their next annual meeting with a fullbeard.Jay, never a man to welch: on a gag,sp.ent last summer at his Michigan farmWIthout a razor. He returned to thequadrangles in the fall to learn that themeeting had been called off. But he hadbecome. att�checlJ to the "damn thing" andeven hIS WIfe agreed that it could remainin the family. Of course he took a lotof r!bbing .from hi's campus colleagues butChrist thrives on barbs. which invariablybend into boomerangs. .We resisted taking his picture until itwas apparent that the beard was to be apermanent. fixture. Then we got hold of'our professiopal photographer friend,Steve Lewellyn, "48;"and closed in on theb'l1Isines� professoF in 'his favorite haunt-the Quadrangle 'Club-"biUiard reom,,I,..; . ,,' H.'W.M . Photo by 11920 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEC.ONSTITUTION (Continued from Page 18)entitled to one delegate per million inhabitants. "TheFederal Convention shall subdivide into nine ElectoralColleges according to the nine societies of kindred nationsand cultures, or Regions, wherefrom its members derivetheir --power." (Art. 5JEach Electoral College then nominates 27 candidatesfor the Council (Legislature); whereupon the FederalConvention, reunited in plenary session, elects from thoselists nine Councillors for each Region. To keep the situa­tion more flexible, eighteen additional Councilors areelected at large.The Legislature resulting from this second-grade elec­tion is workably small and fairly balanced among theraces and fortunes, while the basic democratic principle,one man one vote, IS strictly safeguarded within this: ,.' two-story structure in which the Council as a whole isfinally elected by the Federal Convention (where repre­sentatives are strictly proportionate to population) as awhole, so that, in the last instance, each Chinese and eachGerman, each African Negro and each American whitehas exactly the same share in electing, the Council asa whole.The Chicago Plan thus offers a solution-s-others maybe found-of the problem of representation. At the sametime it falls in line with the historical trend towardregional organization. It does not precipitate this trend,however, by basing world government directly on regionswhich do not yet exist, but provides, in the FederalConvention, a guiding mechanism for its - growth andfulfillment.NEWS OF THE CLASSES1894From Madison, where he is chairman ofthe University of Wisconsin Department ofZoology, Michael F. Guyer, PhD '00, writesthat he was the 53rd student to enter theUniversity when it opened in '92. Dr.Guyer entered as a junior from the Uni­versity of Missouri.1897Wallace W. Atwood, PhD '63, and hiswife, Harriet Towle Atwood, '05, after ashort stay in Honolulu have flown on toNew Zealand to attend the meetings of theSeventh Pan-Pacific Science Congress dur­ing February. Dr. and Mrs. Atwood plan,to spend the month following in Australia,and are uncertain as to when they will re­turn to Massachusetts where he is presidentemeritus of Clark University.W.illiam F. Butterman, MD (Rush), hasretired from active practice at the age of83. Dr. Butterman is living in Downing­ton, Pennsylvania.1898Richard M. Vaughan, DB, 'professor erner­itus of theology of Andover Newton Theo­logical School, lives in Babson Park, Flor­ida, where he has been pastor of the _Com­munity Church since 1940. In his Midwaydays he was a member of the debating teamof Barker, Watson, and Vaughan, whichbrought to Chicago its first intercollegiatevictory (over Michigan).1899Lewis O. Atherton, formerly of Rockford,Illinois, has retired and is now living inDelroy Beach, Florida. Mr. Atherton writesthat his matriculation card at the Univer­sity bears the date of September 30, 1895,and is number 3255. 'He wonders howmany earlier numbered and dated cards inthe possession of their holders may still bein existence.Fruit grower Frederick A. Brown, has- re­tired to a new home in Berkeley, California.Arthur Sears Henning has retired as chiefof the Chicago Tribune's Washington Bu­reau as of January 20, 1949; Henning, now73 years of age, is in his 50th year with theTribune and 35th year as head of the bu- reau. He will stay in the Washington bu­reau as "correspondent emeritus" handlingspecial stories requiring extensive invest i­gation and research. He will also write a5,000 word 'account of the Washington bu­reau, scheduled as a chapter in the news­paper's history now being compiled.1903Alice A. Reiterman of San Marino, Cali­fornia, made us feel a little more than en­vious when she wrote of her trip last sum­mer. She sailed from New Orleans for Riode Janeiro, then flew to Sao Paulo, IguassuFalls in Brazil, to Buenos Aires, over theAndes to Santiago and Valparalso north toLima and Cuzco, Quito, Panama, GuatemalaCity, Mexico City, and Los Angeles-19,000miles in all, 9,000 by air-see' what wemean? "Two members of the class from distantpoints met recently after many years andheld their own reunion. Francis F. Tischeof Boston and Hayward Warner of Denvergot together when the latter made a tripEast. After sizing each. other up they con­cluded they looked good for a few years yetand agreed to meet again in Chicago forthe 50th Class Reunion. Both are still ac­tive in business- Tische in Awnings, Tents,Flags, etc., and Warner in General Insur­ance.1904John W. Hoag, who has retired from theministry, is spending the winter in Day­tona Beach, Florida. Rev. Hoag's summer'residence is, in WOOdbury, Connecticut.Herbert E. Jordan, PhD, writes that heretired from active teaching last August. Dr.Jordan was associate professor of mathe­matics at the University of Kansas in Law­rence.1906George F. Dasher is chairman of the de­partment of physics at Marion Institute inMarion, Alabama.Harvey JJ' Lemon, SM '11, PhD '12, pro-­fessor of physics at Chicago, and curator ofthe Physical Sciences at the Museum of Sci­ence and Industry, is the author of the arti­cle on "Line Spectra" in the 1948 revisedprinting of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1908Arthur ,C. Allyn is senior partner of in­vestment firm of A. C. Allyn & Co., of Chi­cago.1909Melvin J. Adams is in his seventh yearwith the Chicago office of Carl Byoir &Associates, public relations counsel. He isalso on the board of the Publicity ClUbof Chicago, having been elected recentlyfor a three year term. Mr. Adams' hobbyis serving gratis, like all other members, -aspublicity chairman of the Orphans' Auto­mobile Day Association, which next Au­gust will sponsor its 45th annual outingfor thousands of underprivileged, young­sters and elderly people in the Chicagoarea.Marie G. Merrill writes that she is stillbusy "pushing a pencil at so much per hourof job" and giving her inftuence-of-musictalk. Miss Merrill, who for many yearswas head worker at the Chase House inChicago, visited friends in California lastsummer. While there she learned thatFrances Dee, film actress, is a former U.of C.'er.Jesse H. Williamson, jD, of Bluffton, In­diana, is associated with the Caylor-NickelClinic there.1910Kappa Sigma'S 1948 "Man of the Year"award was presented to Edwin P. HubblePhD '10, internationally known Mt. Wilso�Observatory astronomer, for his scientificachievements. The award was presented byHarold P. HuIs, '17, JD '21, the nationalpresident, in Los Angeles last December. Dr.Hubble is also a research associate at theCalifornia Institute of Technology,Glenn D. Peters is with the firm of Petersand Highland of Hammond, Indiana.1911. Gertrude E. Nelson (Mrs. Alvin J. King)writes that she and her husband havebought a home in Jackson, MiSSissippiwhere Mr. King has many musical ac�tivities.(Continued on Page 23)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21Their experience may help answer your career questionThe five men pictured above were among thelarge number who last year asked us a lot ofquestions about career opportunities.One of their favorites _. and probably yourstoo _ went something like this: "What kindof earnings can I expect to make, especiallyduring my first few years?"In a way, that's a difficult question, because,the answer depends entirely on you.Perhaps the best way to answer it here is togive you some flgures on what others have done.As an example, let's, take the young men you seeat the top of this page ..They are the five new men taken on last yearby one of our' Boston agencies. They rangedin age from 24 to 3 I. Only one had had anyprevious experience in our field, and this, waslimited to a few months. They began theirassociation with us by taking our training course.By the end of their first year � in a job thatput them on their own, and in which they weretheir own masters _ they had each written from$250,000 to $380,000 of life insurance. Their incomes ranged from $353'2 to $5645. Withrenewal commissions, first-year earnings willrange from $5824 to $9702. The average: $7409.Four of these men, mind you, had no previousexperience selling life insurance. Yet they allmade a Hying start. And their financial futuresare as unlimited as their individual ability,energy, and initiative.In addition to high-average incomes, theyenjoy many other advantages. Among them:being their own boss; associating with congenialmen, most of whom are college trained; financialadvancement that depends on themselves ratherthan on seniority; working with the first-�har­tered, fastest growing company in our field; and, .perhaps most important, the deep satisfaction ofknowing they are performing a. tremendouslyvaluable service for their friends and clients.If you'd like more facts and figure� to helpyou make a career decision, I'd be happy tosupply them to you. Just drop me a line at theNew England Mutual Life Insurance Company,5.01 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Massachusetts.The name is H. C. Chaney, Director of, Agencies.NOWADAYSLast fall, Ira S. Glick, '42, left his posi­tion as associate editor of POPULAR PHO­TOGRAPHY to Join the staff of a publi­cation, a homing: NOWADAYS. Ira wasmade associate editor.NOWADAYS is a magazine section fordaily and weekly newspapers in towns ofnot more than 25,000 population. It's alfi-page, three-color, self cover newsprintraagazine with features ranging from Hol­lywood through business, political, house­hold" farm, and international subjects toHugo-the wooden-faced comic who is theonly one who doesn't see anything funnyin the last square of his strip.This insert circulates only in the Middle�est states at present=something around amitlion copies a week.In his student days, Ira was on our edi­t,m'ial staff (PRIVATE MAROON, ALUM­�I BULLETIN). We take a little 'pride insuspecting that he drew on that experienceto pick up his first by-line story in Volume1, Number 1 of NOWADAYS entitled:"Found: World's First Smail City." It wasin Iraq, dug up by our Oriental Institute.But by-lines are now unimportant to Ira.He is no longer associate edijer. As ofFebruary 14, he is managing editor.'THE PEMININE TOUCHGeology is' a: man's game-but we hap­pened to run across .the following whichrecently appeared in THE OIL RE­PORTER which may change your' mindabout the opening statement.Although feminine geologists, kaye' beenactive behind the scenes for some time :inlarge oil companies and :in the Depart­ment of the Interior, they, are usuallyunheard, unseen, and unsung. In Denver.however, a woman g,eologist has steppedout on the stage to play a leading roleas, 'a full fledgeed consulting geologist.' ., Margaret 'Fuller Boos, SM '19, PhD '24,has opened an office in Denver and she hasbeen literally "swamped" with bus-iness. ' Infact, so swamped that her husband, C.,Maynard Boos, '21, SM '24, resigned fromGeophoto Services, Inc., to join her ingeologic consultant w()rk, a_ dIe(lm, they'have long had of combining their abilities.Dr. Boos did not step casually into COn­sulting work, it was' the culmination ofyears of devotion to her own profession.From 1932 to 1933 she was a geologistwith Phillips Petroleum at Bartlesville,Oklahoma. From 1935 to 1942 she waschairman of the Department of Geology,University of Denver.When war came, DT. Boos felt she could.do, more. With the U. S. Bureau of Minesshe went from Maine to Alabama whereshe turned her engineering, .and mininggeology experience to finding commercialdeposits of various non-merallics needed tofight the big fight. After the war shejoined the Bureau of Reclamation so shecould return to Denver, the spot she Iikedbest in all her ramblings that have takenher from Canada to Mexico and CentralAmerica.There are few spots in the Rockies thathave not known Dr. BOOS, in field bootsand breeches, with the hammer that isthe world wide symbol of the geologist."Yes, it's a man's field," she says, "butit's a woman's field, too-for sql1are shoot­ing, straight dealing women who are readyto do their share of work."There's a. future in geology for a girlif she puts out an effort. Of course, shehas to be good, but- there is a future, andin addition to that, it's fun." And' theOIL REPORTER agrees that Dr. Boos,looks as if she really had fun and con­tinues that she's alert, attractive, withimmaculate gray hair and a hearty hand HEADLilNERSclasp that might be due to hammer wield­ing!CHICLE· T ASTE,.TESTERFollowmg the June Convocation, RobertK. Miller, who had just received his bache­lor degree, dropped in at Alumni House tojoin the Association. We had an interest­ing visit about which we are only now get­'ting around to tell you.Working fOJ! his A.B. necessarily had to'be a side issue with Bob who, since 1940,has been in the sales analysis division ofthe Wrigley gum company. So we learnedsome interesting facts about Wrigley gum.Wrigley, who makes sixty per cent of thisproduct, manufactures between seven andeigh t biltion sticks a year.The chicle comes in huge, light brownbricks (look�ng not unlike raw rubber),from South America and the Orient. Afterthe chicle is refined and mixed with theproper ingredients it is processed into sticksand the oblong "pills" (for PKs).When the PKs are moulded they aredumped into huge "cement mixers" in com­pany with a dozen or so croquet halls (tobreak up tendencies to stick to each other).When Wrigley first ordered a thousand cro­quet bans for this purpose, the manufac­turer was curious about such a large orderand asked, the purchasing agent if Wrigleywas staging a croquet tournament., PKs' have 22 coats of sugar, which pre·'Serves the freshness so well that they arethe most popubr for export=about 90· percent of the PK trade.juicy Fruit is by fiu the most popularflavor 'in the .South., Us sweetness appealsto adults and children a:like.Bob's job is to study sales trends in thevarious sales areas. He admits it is fasci­nating. work but, looking toward a futureof advancement, h� will continue, his sideline and work toward a Master of BusinessAdministration degree.TIN HORN VIRTUOSOLeslie Lieber, '35, according to a. recentstory by Ed Wallace in the New York• World-Telegram, stands today as theworld's pre-eminent soloist on ,the tinwhistle. He is a young writer, a linquist,and an accomplished pipe "smoker, but hislife has been shaped by a toy piccolo thatcost a dime.Mr. Lieber's whistle, big as a fountainpen and affectionately called Everflat, rob­bed him of an army commission, put himin the Paul Whiteman band, and finallybrought to him the quiet, inner satisfactionof knowing' he is the world's greatest mu­sician-on the tin whistle. He is a quietman with a studious manner, successful inhis writings, but first to acknowledge that.life dangles between his cut-rate piccoloand his Phi Beta Kappa key.The reason Mr. Lieber plays the whistlebetter than anyone else is that he haspracticed it m01Ce. He has spent years per­fecting his technique on the instrument.His crowning achievement, perhaps, wasthe night $1.0.0,.0.00 worth of musical instru­ments were tuned to the off-key pitch of hisdime whistle" and a special arrangementwas written for a radio performance.Mr. � Lieber, never more than a' flute'sleng-th from his whistle; carried it throughthe war: 'When he was Cpl., Lieber .. in Eu­rope, he was; all set for "a 'field comniissiOhuntil he broke out in a hot chm:us in;'ithepresence " of his colonel. .Cpl, ctje,b��,', no]onlyidid. not getva commission, 'buf <he 'was' ,takenoff th� fnlisted II}f;P;'s pr<;>mo�ion list.Plainly, an unsl�ble soldier. ', "',"At one. timer, he said;'; "there were ru- mol'S of another tin' whistle player in thefield. I remember that I resented thatsomewhat. To assert my leadership I be­gan playing two thin whistles at once. Therival never showed up and perhaps it isjust as well. I can only play one whistlenow."This regression in music can be blamedon the makers of tin whistles and not ourhero. He can play but one because he hasbut one. In the past year he has searchedthe music stores and pawn shops, but foundno whistle worthy of his talent. He is nowplanning a trip to Europe, ostensibly towrite magazine stories, but also to searchfor a tin whistle.At times late at night, laboring over amagazine article, Mr. Lieber is brought upsharp by a fear which haunts each wakinghour-the possibility of losing his one re­maining tin piccolo. It is not at all reassur­ing to be the world's preeminent artist onsuch a rare instrument."This stands between me and nothing­ness in music," he said, "This little tinpipe."TWO STRIKES AND HE'S INA man named Ardrey ('30) who wentthrough the University hack during thedepression, finally made his reputation asa writer when two of his plays floppedsimultaneously on Broadway.At least that's what John White, Wash­ington Times-Herald, says about him.Hollywood took him, acting on some de­vious logic of its own, from his sensationalfailure on the White Way to a thousanddollar a week stint in the studios of oneSam Goldwyn, who, according to Ardrey,(according to White) is everything he issaid to be.Several years and one war later (he waswith OWl during the latter) he is back inHollywood, turning out screen plays forThe Green Years, and The Three Muske­teers, and, columnist White records, is "in,really in."Our own files suggest that John White'sArdrey, a Wild-eyed youngster from StudsLonigan's rieighborhood, is somewhat tim­ited in his similarity to the Bob Ardreywho finished his tour at the University in1930. At the midway, he made Phi BetaKappa, and later was the first winner of theSidney Howard Memorial Prize of $1,500.Mrs. Howard, let it be said, is late of thisinstitution also. A card in our file labeledHelene Bethenia Johnson remarks that shereceived a PhB in 1935, and was connectedwith dramatics while here. She is now en­gaged in "helping Mr. Ardrey in his writ­ing and his travels."itA NEW VISTA • • ."Dr. Frederika Blankner, '22, 'MA '23 notlong ago added four new honors to an al­ready distinguished literary career.For the second successive time she WOnthe biennial first prize for the best lecturegiven by a member of the National Leagueof American Pen-women during the period1946 to 1948.The prizewinning lecture, given February17 of last 'Year before the American Asso­ciation of University Women, concerned"A New Vista for the Creative Arts."Two of her poetry collections alsobrought awards. "Encounter in Eden" re­ceived the Leander Leitner prize of theAmerican' Literary Association and "Secret)head" won per the annual Lantern prize., In the dramatic field, her "The Face ofLife" received an award from the WesternCanada Theater Conference.'Dr. Blankner is now chairman of theClassical Languages and Literatures depart­ment at Adelphi College, Garden City, NewYork.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE(Continued from Page 20)John G. Sinclair, of the Medical Branchof the University of Texas. in Galveston,writes that he has been devoting muchtime to the Conservation Council of theTexas Academy of Science. Mr. Sinclair isstarting the Texas Journal of Science in1949 and is an associate editor.1912William F. Clarke, AM, professor emeri­tus - of psychology and" education at theState Teachers Coflege, Duluth, Minnesota,writes that he occasionally does a littlewriting, having contributed several articlesto "The Scroll," edited by Edward Scrib­ner Ames, long in the department of phil­osophy at Chicago. Prof. Clarke, now inhis 82nd year, has four children, two ofwhom attended Chicago.Miller Davis, JD, is practicing law in In-dianapolis.. 'Gillie A. Larew, AM, PhD '16, professorand head of the mathematics departmentof Randolph-Macon Woman's College, hasbeen appointed acting dean of jhe college.Widely known for her research in highereducation and her contribution during over45 years to Randolph-Macon, Dr. Larewwas honored last June by a ;gift from thealumnae to the College as the beginning foran endowment of the Gillie A. Larew Chairof Mathematics.Because of poor health, A. Boyd Pixleyhas retired from the restaurant (Pixley and'Ehlers) business in Chicago and moved outto La Jolla, California. "Mrs. Pixley and Ithink that this spot is 'Paradise on Earth'and recommend it to anyone who desirescomfortable weather, lovely flowers theyear round, and wonderful neighbors withwhom to associate," he writes. Soundsmighty tempting, doesn't it?Carl B. Stiger, JD, is a member of theIowa Employment Security Commission inDes Moines, Iowa.1913Lois Borland, AM, PhD '29, has beenmade professor and head of the departmentof English emeritus at Western State Col­lege, Gunnison, Colorado. Dr. Borland isnow devoting her time to writing andtravel.Stuart A. Queen, AM, PhD '19, has re­signed as dean, of the College of LiberalArts of St. Louis Washington University to'devote his full time to his posts of profes­sor of sociology and chairman 0.£ the de-.partment of sociology and. anthropology.Dr. Queen will continue to work with theBasic College program which he initiatedin the College two years ago.1914Benjamin Cohen, JD '15, counselor in theState Department and recently appointeddelegate to the U. N. General Assembly, isone of the contributors to the 1948 revisededition of the Encyclopaedia Brltannica.. Mr. Cohen authored an article on "UnitedNations."Lydia Lee Morten (Mrs. James W.'Pearce) of Pasco, Washington, has been"handed plenty of offices-whether they are'honors' or 'headaches' ". she is not' quite cer­tain. Mrs. Pearce is president of the Amer ..ican Association o� University Women inPasco; president of the Women's Auxiliaryof the 1 st Congregational Church: on theboard of directors for the Red Cross, Com­munity Concerts, Northern Idaho & East­ern Washington Council of Ghurch Wo.tI:len:and Chairman of the Fine Arts Committeeof the Woman's Club!Jeannette Thielens Phillips (Mrs. T. C.),has been living in Honolulu the past year while she is serving as. hostess at the VIPQuarters, ·Hickam Air Force Base. She hasarranged an extension of her leave of abosence from the Massachusetts Miutual LifeInsurance Company and is returning to theIslands for another year after two and one­half months' visit in Chicago at which timethe marriage of her daughter, Rosalie, '43,took place.Paul Revere Pierce, AM '27, PhD '34, hasjust been appointed to the post of assistantsuperintendent in charge of instruction andguidance by the Chicago Board of Educa­tion. At 19 he was a high school principal,out without a college degree, so Dr. Pierce'entered Chicago. There he met GenevieveC., Evans, '16,. who became Mrs. Pierceafter the first World War-Pierce served inthe Britsh Flying Corps. During the pastyear Dr. Pierce served as acting director ofthe newly established division of inter-cul­tural relations.Maintaining his own law offices in Au­rora, Illinois, is Samuel S. Stephens.1,915Russell J. Callander, MD (Rush) '18, is aphysician at the Veterans AdministrationFacility, Mountain Home, Johnson City,Tennessee.Robert F. SandaU maintains law offices inSeattle, Washington.1916Feme O. Gildersleeve (Mrs. Edward r,Clark) of Portland, Oregon, is Regent ofthe Mount Hood Chapter of the Daughtersof the American Revolution.Ethel Vera Lund has just returned froman interesting tour of Sweden.., Varro E. Tyler, JD, .. partner in the lawfirm of Tyler & Frerichs in Nebraska City,Nebraska, is presiding judge of the Ne­braska Court of Industrial Relations.After 32 years of service in the Chicagopublic schools as teacher and administrator,Claude L. WiHiams, AM, retired as prin­cipal of the Wentworth Elementary School.Mr. Williams began his new work as repre­sentative of the Educational Department ofCharles Scribner's Sons for the City of Chi­cago on February 1, 1949 ..1917William R. Baldwia of Kokomo, Indiana,is an engineer at the Indianapolis plant ofU. S. Rubber CO.J. Ray Cable, AM, resigned last June aspresident of Missouri Valley College and 1921is now head of the Departmena of Eco- Homer E. Blough, AM, DB '23, and hisnomics at John B. Stetson University. , wife, Carol Miller Blough, AM '20, are nowAlan F. Wherritt, JD '20, member of the 'living in Omaha, Nebraska, where Mr.firm of Wberritt & Sevier il\l Liberty" Mis- Blough' is pastor of the' Congregationalsouri, is nQW the President of the Clay Church., ,_ . . . .. . .CQuqty Bar Association. The appointment of James W. Buchanan,- -1918 PhD, chairman of the department of zoologyFrederick H. Fahringer, Sr., AM, i� pas- at Northwestern University since 1940, astor of the United Protestant Church in Director of Research for the Allan Han­North Richland, Washington. .cock Foundation of the University' of South-Fred Firestone, MD (Rush) '20,. was ern California was recently' announced .elected Grand Consul at the 45th National Listed in Starred Men of Science, Dr; Buch­Convention of the Phi Delta Epsilon med- anan has served on' the faculties of theical fraternity' held in San Francisco last University of Chicago, New York Univer­December. This was the first time the con- sity, University of Mississippi, and Yalevention was. held west. of the Mississippi University. He joined the faculty of North­and Dr. Firestone was the first westerner to western in I93{1.be elected to the Grand Officers. - ",Albert C. DeWitt, JD, '34, is now withEthel Myers writes that she - is, assistant The Chicago Title' & 'Trust Company ..chief of the Passport Division of the De, Lewis P. Holt, .Commander, USNR, JDpartment of State. '23; formerly- stationed in San Pedro, Cali-Alfred O'Connor is now doing business as fornia, has been transferred to Washington,"O'Connor and O'Connor" with his son, D� C. ..Alfred, Jr., former Captain in the Marines, Jean Kimber has retired, from the facultyas his 'partner. President of the East Side of. Harris Teachers: College .. in St .. Louis,News Agency for the past forty years, Mr,. Missouri" and is� riow'li¥iug;;.i.n Los 'Angeles.O'Connor writes that he is a grandfather Alfred; W� <Simou, PhD ��25, 'is assistanttwice-over. He is also secretary of the So. professor of rmechanies. in the. \ department23Chicago Old-Time Baseball Players, andFans Association.Sarah B. Sphar (Mrs. Henry D. Master­son), who is our Rochester, N. Y., chairmanfor the .1949 Alumni Foundation Campaign,writes that her husband has agreed to helpin the "foetwerk" involved in the' campaigneven tho' he is not an alumnus. Mr. Mas­terson's business connections are in the fieldof apiculture and! has nearly completed anoriginal research project with domesticatedhoney bees which is. to be published. Dur­ing the past summer he gave a series of lec­tures on marketing merchandise for a Penn­sylvania State College course in Beekeeping.1919Russell L. Wise, AM,. is spending a yearin Germany with the Education & CulturalRelations, Division of the Office of MilitaryGovernment for Bavaria.1920Marion E. Cobb (Mrs. Harold H. Shel­don) is a science teacher at Sit. Mary's HaHin Faribault, Minnesota.Leo J. Connelly, formerly assistant creditmanager of the Chicago Tribune, has beenmade manager of the Tribune's adjustingand complaint department.Robert E. Connolley is in general lawpractice in New York City and also is spe­cializing in admiralty and trial counsel.Marian F. Johnson (Mrs. Edward C.Castle) has just had her new book, "TheGolden Fury", published. In 1946, Mrs.Castle's book, "Deborah", was a best seller,translated into. six foreign languages, serial­ized in the USA and Great Britain, and' abook club selection. She is a member ofthe Colorado Authors' League and the Den­ver Woman's Press Club, and was a memberof, the staff of the University of Colorado's15th annual Writers' Conference.Gleonard· H. Jones, JD, is with the Ad­judication Division of the Veterans �dmin­istration in Indianapolis, Indiana.Hans Kurath, PhD, is professor of Eng­lish at the University of Michigan.Genieve A. Lamson, SM '22, is associateprofessor of geography at Vassar Collegeand head resident of Lathrop House. "Iam now receiving photographs of the chilodren of former students and in two or threeyears I may be teaching some of the chilodren!" writes Miss Lamson. .24 THE UN I V E R S I TY· 0 F CHI C AG O. MAG AZ I N Eof physics at Tulsa (Oklahoma) Univer­sity ..1922frederika Blankner, AM '23, chairman ofthe classical languages and Italian litera­tures department at Adelphi College, inGarden City, New York, received four hon­ors last year for lectures and papers onclassical subjects. Dr. Blankner is to ad­dress the N. Y. Browaing Society on April13, at the Waldc;:)f{-Astoria Hotel. IFrancis T. Colby is with the Welfare Ad­'ministration. of the City of Chicago.In Denver, Colorado, Edward C. Despresis advertising manager of Julius Hyman &.Co.Walter B. Herrick of Park Ridge, Illinois,is dean of boys and attendance counselor atSteinmetz High School in Chicago. He nowhalf) 26, years of service in and is "eligiblefor a. pension which 1 may take some daynot too distant," .Samuel E. Itkin is presiding officer of theCooper Carlton Drug Company, Chicago.Guy B. Johnson, AM, formerly executivedirector of the Southern Regional Council,Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, is now in the De­partraent of Socio]ogy and Anthropologyat. the University of North Carolina.DeWitt T. Weaver is with the U. S. In­ternal Revenue Bureau, Alcohol Tax Divi­sion in Atlanta, Georgia.1923J .. Chandler Burton, }O" is with theSolicitor's Office of the Veterans Adminis­tration in Washington, D. C. The Burtons(Marg�ret L. Woodruff, '24), are living .inAlexandria, Va.Fanny W. Fairfield (Mrs. James W.) ofPasadena, California, writes that she visitedEUis Edwards, MD '24, and his wife, Lida"Scotty" McCarty, '23, at their home inScarsdale, New York, last summer. Mrs.Fairfield, who went on to the N. Y. Schoolof Social Work for a degree, was a visitingteacher in the Chicago Public Schools formany years.Orville ]I). ,(Dent) Hassinger has. beenmade 'western :mana,ger of the Bureau ofAdvertising, American Newspaper Publish­ers Association, with headquarters in theBureau's Chicago office. Joining the Bu­reau in 1939, Dent has been with the Chi­·ca,go office continuously except fOF a three­year absence when on active duty with. theU. S. Navy as a public relations ·officer.Prior to this he was, for 14 years, an ad- �verrising representative for Popular ScienceMonthly, Macfadden, Publications and Col-lier's. .Carl U. Lake, AM" is superin tenden t ofschools out in Braddyville, Iowa.William A. Starin, PhD, retired last yearafter teaching bacteriology at Ohio StateUniversity . for 38 years. A "William A.Starin Lectureship" fund" with contribu­tions totaling wen over $1,000 has been setup to provide an annual lecture in the fieldof bacteriology at Ohi,o State. .1924Agnes. L. Adams has returned from sixmonths with the Educational Mission toKorea in which 20 civilians were selectedby the U. S. Government to help reorienteducation in Korea from the authoritarian­ism .practfced under forty years of Japanesedomination. A Teacher Training Centerwas set up for a highly selected group ofKorean: educators to help establish some­thing of the' democracy they are seeking:Mona Fletcher, AM, professor of politicalscience at Kent State' Normal College, reo ceived the degree of Doctor of Philosophyat the Winter Convocation of Ohio StateUniversity.Dr, Ernest O. Lawrence, University ofCalifornia cyclotron expert, was awarded aplaque for outstanding scientific work byPhi Delta Epsilon, national medical fra­ternity, at the 45th National Conventionheld in San Francisco last December.At the mid-winter commencement" theUniversity of Maine conferred the degree ofDoctor of Laws upon John S. Millis, SM '27,PhD '31. Beginning his career in highereducation in 1'92.'7, Dr .. Millis served atLawrence College witfi distinction as' teach­er, scholar, and administrator until 1941when he became President of the Univer­sity of Vermont.Mrs. Fumi Jo Uji, of Yokohama, Japan,is working for the U. S. Army as interpreterand translator in the "sd. Transp. Mil.Railway Service."1925Margaret Lindsay, AM, formerly associateprofessor of home economics at DubuqueUniversity, is now on the faculty of Linden­wood College in St. Charles, Missouri.William W. Merrymon, PhD, is teachingat Texas Technical College in Lubbock,Texas.Emma C. Paulsen (Mrs. A. B.) writes thatafter retiring from teaching in the ChicagoPublic Schools, she and her husband haveestablished .a home in ,sunny California,Westwood : Hills, Los Angeles. "Who saysone must grow old just because the calendarclicks for Father Time?" writes Mrs. Paul­sen, who is still active, giving book andplay reviews before women's clubs andchurch organizations. She also directs andcoaches many amateur theatricals.119.26Taking a leave of absence from his dutiesas professor of human geography at theUniversity of Cincinnati, John. Wesley Coul­ter, PhD, has accepted the appointment asU. N. specialist on the Pacific islands andthe Pacific area in the U. N.'s TrusteeshipDivision. The secretariat, which Dr. Coul­ter will head, takes up questions .relating- tothe native peoples in dependencies andtrusteeships in the Pacific. Mrs. Coulter(Frances Partridge, AM '39) and his threechildren will accompany him.RALPH P. LEWISRalph P. Lewis, president of HarrietHubbard Ayer, Inc., New York, has beenelected to the board of directors of LeverBrothers Company. Before joining -the Ayer firm, a subsidiary of Lever Brothers,in 1947, Mr. Lewis was associated for sev­eral years with Elizabeth Arden Sales Corp.,New York, first as general sales manager,and subsequently as vice-president in chargeof sales. Prior to that he was sales managerof the Western division of the AmericanBank Note Company, having joined that or­ganization upon leaving the University.Regina Stolz Greenebaum, MD '33, is aphysician at the V. A. Hospital in Legion,Texas. Dr. Greenebaum is the widow ofHenry A. Greenebaum, '24, MD '29.Allen Heald, JD '30, has his own iawpractice in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.Virginia F. Nelson writes that she is acafeteria director in Los Angeles.Chauncey E. Sanders, PhD, formerly onthe faculty of the University of Indiana, isa historian in Washington, D. C.Elmer R. Sims, PhD, is professor of Ro­mance languages at the University of Texasin Austin.Henry Weihofen, JD '28, JSD '30, is on.the faculty of the University of New MexicoCollege of Law. The Weihofens (CarolineWalsh, '30) now make their home in Albu­querqu�.1927PhHlippa Allen (Mrs. William R. Reich}is a librarian at the Oakland Public Li­brary, Oakland; California.J. Parker Hall, treasurer of the Univer­sity of Chicago, was elected director of theChicago Title & Trust Company.Leroy D. Stinebower, AM, of the Depart­ment of State, is Deputy U. S. Representa_tive in the Economic and Social Council ofthe United Nations.1928J0hn K. Brown .is auditor of the Scottand White Hospital, Temple, Texas.Miriam M. Clarke (Mrs. Frank C. An­drus), daughter of William F. Clarke, AM'12, is head of the medical social servicedepartment at . the - Veterans Hospital inMinneapolis, Minnesota.Helen Cunningham, AM, continues teach­ing in the English department of WaUke­gan Township High School, Waukeganrn��L 'William G. Davis, JD, is with the lawfirm of Baker & Daniels in Indianapojjj,Indiana. 'Chester MeA. Destler, AM, PhD '32 ofthe faculty of Connecticut College, has beenappointed to the newly established CharlesJ.� McCurdy professorship in American his­tory there. Doctor Destler, first to hold theMcCurdy professorship, has been a mem­ber of the Connecticut faculty since 1942.Robert E. L. Faris, AM '30, PhD '31 ison the faculty of the sociology departm�ntof the University of Washington in Seattle.Mrs. Faris is the former Clara GuignardAM '31. 'Florence R. Gelbspan, widow of Morris A.Frank, '28, is execu tive secretary of theJewish Social Service Bureau in PhoenixArizona. Mrs. Frank continues as a sOciaiworker in addition to her executive dutiesKathryn B. Hildebran, AM, PhD '38, ofthe- faculty of Western Maryland College,was elected secretary-treasurer of the Asso­ciation of Modern Language Teachers ofthe Middle States at their recent meetingin Atlantic City, N. J. -Vincent B. Marquis, MD (Rush), ofBloomington, Illinois, is tuberculosis Spe­cialist at the Fairview Sanatorium in Nor­mal, Ill.25. THB UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJohn J. McDonough was re-elected asvice-president of Harris Trust & SavingsBank of Chicago.Rufus Oldenburger, SM '30, PhD '34, ischairman of the Department of Mathe­matics at DePaul University in Chicago.Elta D. Portwood (Mrs. Roy A. Baynard)is teaching at the Vernon School in Port­land, Oregon. Mrs. Baynard's son, Gene, isnow 16 years old.Mae Reese, AM, recently began workingat the cafeteria of St. Olaf College inNorthfield, Minnesota.,1929Ronald F. Lee, AM, is chief historian ofthe National Park Service, Department ofthe Interior, in Washington.' D. C.Eva I. Nelson became dean of women andassociate professor of education at DakotaWesleyan University, Mitchell, S. D., inSeptember, 1948. Last summer, Miss Nel­son was a member of the staff of the BlackHills Summer Workshop in integrated edu­cation conducted by Dakota Wesleyan atPactola, South Dakota.Marcella G. River (Mrs. Frederick Leh­mann) took time out from her domesticduties in February to chair the South SideDivision of the YWCA Finance Campaign,Chicago. Her three sons (Jerry and Fritz,12, and Donald, 7) are building up theirstamp collections while 4 year old Betty"alternately enchants and enrages herbrothers." Mary Elizabeth (Betty) Bald­ridge, '30 (Mrs. James J. Connors), is Mrs.Lehmann's neighbor-and shares many ofher problems as she is also the mother offour children. She also sees Frances RuthAlcock (Mrs. Wm. Byrne) '29, frequently,Mrs. Byrne teaches English at Bowen HighSchool in Chicago.Wilbur W. White, AM, PhD '35, presi­dent of the University of Toledo, receivedhis first honorary degree at the mid-yearcommencement of Bowling Green State Uni­versity. Dr. White served seven years asdean of the graduate school at Western Re­serve University before becoming Presidentof Toledo. Mrs. White is the former Ed­warda J. C. Williams, '29, AM '35. TheWhites have two sons and a daughter.193'0Leonard P. Aries, JD '32, with the Officeof the Housing Expediter in Washington,D. C., is living in Arlington, Virginia.Roger B. Del{oven recently appeared �nBroadway in "Joan of Lorraine" and is ac­live in radio as well as Broadway produc­tions.Joseph H. ,?amble, DB and AM, is pastorof the Conklin Avenue Baptist Church inBinghamton, New York.Harold A. Haynes, AM, a veteran of 29years in the public school system of Wash­ington, D. C., has been named associatesuperintendent in· charge of educational re-,search and chief examiner for the coloredschools.Thomas Park, PhD '32, professor of biol­ogy at Chicago, is the author of the' articleon "Population Ecology" in the 1948 revisedprinting of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. John T. Sites, AM, has been teachingchemistry and biology in the Dodge City(Kansas) Junior College since last fall. Mr ..Sites has been asked to teach a class in Sci­ence-Methods to a group of southwest Kan­sas elementary teachers.G. Walter Zerr, JD '33, maintains his ownlaw office' in Morrison, Illinois.1931Howard P. Clarke, JD '32, is in the legaldepartment of the Oliver Iron Mining Co.,in Duluth, Minnesota. Howard is the sonof William F. Clarke, AM '12.Ivan E. Ericson is in charge of the Beef,Lamb and Veal Department of Swift &Company of Denver, Colorado.Rodney C. Gould, pastor of the CalvaryBaptist Church of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, isjust finishing a new $150,000 church forhis congregation's 900 members.Allen R. Levin has been employed at theKennedy VA Hospital in Memphis, Tennes­see, since October, 1948. It was at Kennedythat Allen spent his last seven months inthe Army, working as Chief Educational &Vocational Guidance Officer.Herbert C. McMurtry, AM, is teachingand working with the Counseling Centerof the University of Oregon in Eugene.Marguerite McNall (Mrs. Fred W. Wil­liams) of Valley Stream, L. I., New York,is the first president of the newly organ"ized auxiliary, The Lion-Aides, of the Lyn­brook Lions Club. Mrs. Williams and herhusband have just left on their annual tripsouth to Florida and Mexico.Formerly a partner in Winston Strawn& Shaw, Chicago, Raymond o. Mitchell,JD, is now living in Scottsdale, Arizona.1'932On tour of duty as a Department of theArmy civilian employee, J. William Ander­son, AM '35, is serving as director of educa­tion at the Stotsenberg Area Commandwith headquarters at Clark Field, CentralLuzon, PI. Anderson was formerly a teach­er at Maine Township High Schol, ParkRidge, Illinois.Edgar Fuller, JD,. is executive secretaryof -the National Council of Chief StateSchoo] Officers, Washington,_D. C.Dr. Laurence F. Greene has been recentlyappointed professor of urology at the Uni­versity of Minnesota, Mayo Foundation. Hecontinues as a consultant in urology at theMayo Clinic.Morris Gross, AM, PhD '34, formerly ofOakland, California, has moved to LosAngeles.Georgiana' P. Palmer, PhD, on the facultyof Macalester College up in St. Paul, Minne­sota, teaches Classical languages and Rus­sian,'Theodore L. Thau, JD '34, is with theOffice of International Trade, Departmentof Commerce, in Washington, D� C.Mary C. Welborn, PhD, is with the NavalHistory Group at the Navy Building inWashington, D. C.1933Norbert C. Barwasser, MD (Rush), derma­tologist of Moline, Illinois, was recentlyelected president of the Rock Island CountyMedical Society for the coming year.For a Western position join an old reliable Western AgencyWESTMORE TEACHERS AGENCY36 Years Member NATA Mrs. B. F. Westmore, Mgr.Old National Bank Bldg., Spokane, Washington w. B. CON'KEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA��ad�'1'� ad �U«te't4SALE.S OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YO'RKE.xc'u'siveC.leaners (I Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380SUPERFLUOU"S HAIIRREMOVED FOREVERMultipl. 20 platinum ne.dles can be used •.Permenenf removal of :hair from face, eye­brows, bac:k of lneck, or any part of bod'y;elso facial ve.ins, moles, ,and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT20 years' expe.rienceGraduate NurseS,ulite 1,78'5,. Stevens 'Bu!ilding17 N. State StreetTelephone FRanklin 2-4885FREE CONSULTATION;EASTMAN COAL CO. .iEstablished 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES34.2 N.' Oakley iBlvd.Telephone SEeley 3 .. 4488Wa,$son-PocahontasCo,al CO.6876 South 'Chiceqc Ave.Phone: WEntworth. 6-8620-1-2-3-4Wallon"1 Coal Makel Good�r­Waslon DeesThe Best. Place to Eat on the South Sid'.(J¥_/J_��.!. ....COLONIAL RESTAURANT, 6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone HYde Park 3-632426 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHIC·AGO MAGAZINE,BESJ BOILER, .REPAIR 1& WUOING, ICO.,24-HOUR S.ERVfCEIJCENSED .. BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WElDERSHAymarket 1·79171404-08 S. Western. A't'e.. ChicagoE. J •. ,Chalifoux' '22:PH'OTOPRESS, INC.Pla'nogra'ph-Offset ....... !Printing73,1. Plymouth CourtWAbas,h, 2·8:182'R:E S U LT S' •••tlepen,clota. 'geUin,g the details RIGHT I.i ·'·'·PR.IN·T'ING 'l:rnprin,ting-Processed Letters - Typewriting. Addressing"" Folding - MaiUn, '.A Complete.$fi:Tvice. fot I)irect Advertisers! Cbi£ago,Addlressi'ng Company,722 So. Deaeboen se., Chicago '5, ui.WAbash 2-4561i CLAR'K.E-M;eELR;OYPU,BLISHING CO.,6,:1,40 :CoHage Grove Avenu'e.Midway 3·393·5"Good Printilt,· 0/ All' IJacription,"Real Esuue and Insurance1500 Eas't 57th Street H,de Par'k '3·2�25'AMEiRICANPHOTO ENGRAVIN',G, CO.'Photo Engrave""Artists - Electrot¥per •.Mabr s . of Printing 'Platei429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. MOnroe 6-751 ,5BOYDSTON 'BROS •.• ;INC.,op,erafingAufhorize;d Ambu'la:nc'e ServiceFo:r :Bi.ni'ngs HosipitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe Unive.rsify ,of Chicago·OA:kta.nd 4-0492lrained, and I'i�eln$e:d attendan,f�$ Albert B. Blumenthal, PhD, is head ofthe department of sociology at College ofPuget Sound, Tacoma', 'Washin.gtoN.Frances .E. Humphrey, now Mrs. Lloyd J.J ohnson, has retired from social work, andis now housewife and mother to the John­son family, out in Bellingham, Washington.Sherman M. KuItn" AM, ,PhD '35, asso­ciate editor of the Middle English Diction­ary, is now a member of the English De­partment of the University of Michigan.Mary 'Jane Taylor, now Mrs. James B.Devitt, is' teaching at the Oxford School inCleveland Heights, Ohio.A. Philip Tuttle, minister of the FirstPresbyterian Church, Tracy, Minnesota,writes that he is . also chairman of the"Hacienda", Tracy Youth Center and was adelegate from. Tracy to the governor's re­cent Youth Conference (Youth Conserva­tion Commission).·1934The appointment of Marion E. Bunch,PhD, professor of psychol!ogy at the Uni­versity of Illinois, as chairman of the de­partment of psychology at Washington Uni-iversity in St. Louis, Missouri, will becomeeffective next July 1;· Dr. Bunch was amember of the staff of Washington for 22)'tears until he went to the University ofIllinois in September, 1948. 'Mary F., Carroll, BLS '45, is children'slibrarian at a branch of the Chicago Pub­lic Library.Nadine A. Hines (Mrs. Hayden Thomas)is teaching the first grade in Salt Lake Citygrammar schools.'Grace O. Kelley, PhD, has retired fromlibrary work after 16 years as readers' con­sultant of the Queens Borough Public Li­brary, Jamaica, Long Island. . Her libraryexperience has covered positions' from thePacific to the Atlantic coast, including theHuntington and Stanford. University libra­ries; Raton, New .Mexico, Public' Library,and the John Crerar Library in Chicago.Dr, Kelley is living in Kew Gardens, LongIsland.Luba E. Novick is Mrs. Alex Dreisin andis living in Great Neck, Long Island.Mrs. Dreisin has retired from her positionas. clinical pathologist to become a h0;tse­WIfe.William S. Price, AM, received the degreeof Doctor of Philosophy at the Winter Con­vocation at Ohio State University.Melvin L. Schultz, PhD '39, is a physicistwi.t� Radio Corporation' of. America inPrinceton, New Jersey. "Mason Tolman is associate Iibrarian ofthe Library of George 'Washington Univer-sity. ,Assistant principal in Ollie of Chicago's ele­mentary schools is Mary D .. WilSon.1935John L. Baker, Jr., is vice-president andtreasurer of Portable Electric Tools, Inc.,of Chicago. The Bakers (Donna Donkle,'3'7), live in Hinsdale, Illinois.Rudolf F. Betram, AM '36, writes fromGermany that he has left his' position asLabor Relations Officer with TVA for aposition, as Labor Economist with the Man­power Division of the U. S. Military Gov­ernment. Mr. Bertram has been with TVAfor 12 years and expects' to return there oncompletion of his assignment in Germany.Leland Burkhart, PhD, is professor' ofhorticulture at the University of Arizona.Theodore D. Frost, AM, is teaching atRiverside (California) Polytechnic - highschool. The Fsosts have three ch1ldren.Marvin H. 'Glick is an economist' for theU. S. Government in Chicago.II1 Glen B. Gross is .management consultantand engineer with the firm of Booz, Allen,and Hamilton of New York City ..Harker T� Stanton, JD '37, is assistantcounsel in the Office of the LegislativeCounsel of the United States Senate. TheStantons make their home in Mt. Rainier,Maryland.Sidney Hyman, AM '38, is in Washington,D. C., with the Franklin D. Roosevelt Me­moriai Foundation.clifford G. Massoth recently became edi­tor of the Illinois Central Magazine, theemployee publication of the railroad. Mr.Massoth served in the traffic department ofthe railroad at Chicago, Sioux City, Iowa,and Omaha, Nebraska, before joining themagazine staff as assistant editor in 1943.He lives in Chicago and is the father of.three daughters, Joan, 8; Ellen, 5; andMarilyn, 1 Y2.Ray W. MacDonald, Birmingham, Michi·gan, IS the newly appointed export managerof the Burroughs Adding Machine Com­pany. Ray has left on a. series of Bightswhich will cover 22,000 miles and take ap­proximately ten weeks. He will visit sub­sidiary corporations in Hawaii, the Philip­pines, New Zealand, Perth, Java, Sydney,Melbourne, Brisbane, and the Netherlands.Sidney Smith is the man behind the cam­era-he's an assistant director in motionpictures out in California.Shades of March 15! We find that LeslieH. Wald, JD '37, is with the U. S. Bureauof Internal Revenue out in Denver, Colo­rado.I. M. Weiringer, AM, is professor at St.Louis (Missouri) University.1936Virginia R. Baldwin, who became Mrs.Warren Craig in March, 1948, is a chemistwith the U. S. Army Quartermaster Depotin Chicago.Ruth Bishop, SM, PhD '39, is personnelconsultant for the Chicago Civil ServiceCommission.Robert N. Boyd is an assistant professorin the Department of Chemistry of NewYork University.Charles E. CIisby, AM, is headmaster ofthe Miguon School, Miguon, Pennsylvania.Evelyn R. Garbe, SM '37, assistant pro­fessor of mathematics at Antioch College,visited in Chicago last summer. Among.them she saw while here were CharlotteStephens, '36, now Mrs. A. C. McIntosh, andher three children, Carter, Jr., 6 years,Mary Charlotte, 4, and Alice Susanna, 2;and the James C. Sullivans, '46 (MarjorieJambazoff, secretary in the Physical Sci­ences offices, 1943-47). Their first child,Patrick Charles, was born June 19, 1948.Evelyn also writes that during the wintershe misses the North Stand Skating Rink.Eleanor J. Flynn, PhD, is a social workerin the Midwestern Area office of the Amer­ican National Red Cross in St. Louis.Donald Harrington is associate pastor ofthe Community Church of New York City.The Rev. Harrington, who has done grad­uate work at the University of Leyden, Hol­land, formerly served the People's LiberalCh urch of Chicago.Harry H. Lebow, MD '36, is practicingmedicine' in West Hempstead, Long Island,N. Y.Hylan G. Lewis, AM, of the faculty ofHampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, ison leave to do a study in York, SouthCarolina.John Fremont Melby, AM, PhD '41, anofficer in the U. S .. Foreign Service, has beentransferred to Washington for duty in theTHE UN]VERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDepartment �f State �rol� Nanking. Join­ing the. Foreign Service In July, 1937,. heserved in Ciudad Juarez, Tampico, Saltillo,and Caracas. From March, '1943, to April,1945, Melby served at Mosco�. He wasthen detailed to the International Secre­tariat, UN conference at San Francisco, sub­sequently serving at Chungking and Nan-king. 'Dr. Donaldson F. Rawlings is chief ofthe Division of Maternal and Child Healthof the Illinois Department of Public Health.Mary Ellen Ryan is teaching social studiesin the Prescott, Arizona, high school and:working on her MA in Geography at Chi-cago during .the summe-r..Richard J. Stevens, JD '38, partner In theJaw firm of Askow and Stevens, reports thathe is on the Board of Managers of theChicago Bar Association and. chairman ofthe Younger Members Committee.Daniel D. Stok has returned to the Armyand is stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas.Robert S. Whitlow is associated with theCalifornia Texas Oil Company, Ltd., NewYork City, as attorney. He expects to ma�;ea business trip to the Middle East and Indiasoon and Central America later in t�eSpring. Bob writes that on a recent tripto Tulsa he saw Merle Giles, '39, and Mar­tin Gardner, '36.1931Sophie J. Eisenstein, AM '47, (Mrs. Ho,,":­ard A. Merritt, Jr.) has moved from ChI­cago to Plattevill�, Wiscons�n, w�ere herhusband is an Instructor In history atPlatteville State Teachers College. He hasrecently completed work for a doctorate inhistory at Chicago and is now har? at w?rkon his dissertation. Mrs. Merritt wnte.sthat she is "enjoying the novel. exp�n­ence of keeping house as a full tune job... No city dirt to compHl':ate. the :task!"­We know what she means by crty dirt, too.Donald M. Mackenzie, AM, dean ofBlackburn College, Carlinville, Illinois, as­sumed the duties of acting president ofBlackburn on February 1. Mr. Mackenziewas named to direct activities of the Col­lege following the resignation of Robert W.McEwen, AM '31, VhD '33, who left to ?e­come president of Hamilton College, Clin­ton New York.J�es D. Majarakis, MD '40,. has com­pleted his training for the American Boardof Surgery and is now eng�ged i.n privatepractice in General Surgery III Chicago. Heis also associate attending surgeon at. CookCounty Hospital and inst�uc�or in surgeryat the University of IllInOIS College ofMedicine. -John A. Mattmille.r, MBA, '4?, has beenpromoted from assistant cashier of theNorthern Trust Company of Chicago to as­sistant comptroller. He has been associatedwith Northern Trust since his graduation in'37. 'James A. Miller, PhD, chairman .of t�eDepartment of Anatomy, Emory UniversitySchool of Dentistry, has been awa,rd�d acontinuation grantof $356,t} by the NationalInstitute of Health to study factors in fetalresistance to anoxia. Dr. Miller, who is amember of the staff of the Embrvologycourse at the Marine Biological Laboratoryat Woods Hole, Mass., spent the summerthere. In addition to teaching a.t WoodsHole he carried on research in tubularia.John A .. Norto�, MD, j,g a ?octor with theU. S. Army and IS now stationed at Barks­dale AFB, Louisiana.In Baltimore, Maryland, H�nry A. Stra�s,SM, PhD '41, is a physici�t WIt? t.he BendixRadio Division of Bendix AVIatIOn COJ;po,ration. Frank Wagner is a physicist with ArgonneNational Laboratory, Chicago.1938Landrum R: Bolling, AM, is a professoron the faculty .of Earlham Cotlege, Rich­mond, Indiana.Helen L. Casebier, AM, is 3J social workerwith the Family Service of Kansas City(Mo.),. . .Virginia L. Clary, AM, IS SOCIal dlfe�lorof the Juvenile District Court of Washmg­ton, D. C..'Alfred H. Court III, after completingpost-graduate studies at Duke University,plans to leave f�r Europe j� th� near fu­ture to enter Heidelberg University.Jackson C. nill(<)ll, MD '40, psy�hiatris� i.ncharge of ' the State Mental Hygiene Clinicin Fresno, California, has recently com­ple ted three years at Berkeley as a fellowof the American Psychiatric Society.Mary Margaret Gillespie, AM, is nowMrs. Ouenter G. Schmalz and is keepinghouse in Athens, Ohio.Retha Jane Mason, AM '45., and her hus­band, Robert Mason, also '38, have boughta home on Drexel Avenue near the Uni­versity where Bob teaches at the LaboratorySchool. Mrs. Mason is chairman of the Uni­versity Neighborhood association for theGirl Scouts of America and asks that any­one interested in doing volunteer Gilrl Scoutwork contact her at PL 2·1076.,Formerly in Normandy, Missouri, Free­man E. Morgan, Jr., has been transferred toWashington, D. C., where he is chief of theAllocation Section, Office of Personnel, ofthe U. S. Veterans Administration.Wendell R. Mullison, PhD, and his wife,Ethel Goldberg, '31, SM '35, PhD '38, havereturned from Curacao, N.W.!., where theywere with Dutch Shell O�l Company, tothe States. They are now living in Mid­land, Michigan, where Wendell is plantphysiologist in the Biochemical ResearchLaboratory of Dow Chemical Company.Richard A. Parker, PhD, has joined thefaculty of Brown University as professorof Egyp.tology. Dr. Parker wa's. director ,o.fthe University of Chicago Oriental Insti­tute's expedition in Egypt.Arnold Thielens Phillips, Major USAF,is studying aero�au.tical ene;in�ering .at th.eUniversity of Michigan. He. Iives WIth hISwife, Elizabeth, 'and two little sons in Ypsi­lanti, Michigan. Major. Phillips is the sonof Jeannette Thielens Phillips, '14.Donald E. Ralston, MD '39, was awardeda degree of master of' science in medicineat (he University of Minnesota winter con-vocation., •William C. Rasmussen, SM '39, has lefthis position as Associate Professor of G:ol­ogy at the Agricultural and MechanicalCollege of Texas to become field. and sub­surface geologist of the Speed Oil Company,Houston.'Gordon Roper, A�I, PhD '44, professorof Englfsh at Trinity College in the Uni­versity of Toronto, is the editor of a newedition of Nathaniel Hawthorne's "TheScarlet Letter" which is published by Hen­dricks House-Farrar, Straus of New York,Dr. Roper has been at Trinity College �ince1946, having taught at Yale and Chicagopreviously.Sharvv c, Umbeek, AM, PhD "40,. dean ofthe College of William and Mary, wasnamed president of Knox College, Gales­burg, Hlinois, to become effective July I.1939Erwin F. (Bud) Beyer, assistant professorof physical education at Chi�ago, ��i�es �ogive us a brief resume of hIS activiries Ini948: "collaborator on three educational 27SwiFt ts Ice CreemSundaes and sodas are special treatsmade with Swift's Ice Cream. So de­licious, so creamy-smooth, so reiresh­ingly yours ....A product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 S. State Stree.tPhone RAdcli;n 3-7'400LOCAL AND LONG DISrANCE HA·ULlNG•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR FREE ESTlMA'rE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15 I ILLINOISBUtterfield &-671.'D.AYI:D L. SUTTON. P,res.3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE 'CLEANERSAND DYERSSi'nc, I9201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVEN'IN�G: GO·WNSAND FORMALS,A SP,ECI·ALTY• 8-'0608 We can/orMidway 8-()6()2. and deliverTHE UNIVERSITY' OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE28BIENENFEtDChicago'. Most Complete Stock ofG LA'S 5GLASS CORP. OF Il.:LlNO:IS1525W. 35�h St. Phone ,lAfayette 3-8400FLOO'RSSI,DEWAtKSMACHINE. FOUNDATIONSWEntwo:rth 6·4421T. A. iRiEHNQUlsr CO.6639 Se, Ver,non· Ave.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING,. iBRIOKandCEMENT WORKRBPAIRI N'G A SPECIALTY534.1 s. ta:�e Pa'Mc Ave.r ele:p;hone DOrchester' 3� 1579• Phon�: SAginaw 1-3202lFRANK CURRAiNiIRoofing ,& Ins;u'l�afioD I,Leak. Repair.edFree E.timateaFRANK iC'URRAN ROOFING CO.8019, Ben.nett St.'P'L,U'M81,ftG. ;CO'BTIlACTOiRS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.PEND,ER'Catch 'B.sin and Sewer Se.rvi1:.Beck We;te" Valve." Sumps-Pu,mp,1545 E� 63RD 'STREEt6620 ,conACE CROV'I AVENUEFAirfax 4.0550PEND,E'R CATCH BASIIN SERV,ICE1545 EAST 63RD STREET films for Coronet Films, Inc.; elected chair­man' of, National Collegiate GymnasticsRules Committee; appointed to OlympicGymnastic Committee of U.S.A.; hired byCuban Gov't to serve as Cuban OlympicGymnastic Coach for one month in Havana;associate editor and columnist for smallmagazine; head of Acrotheater now grownto 125 members from beginning of 20 ... "Sounds like a full year, Bud!Donald A. Bullard, AM, is an. attache ofthe UF. S. A. Embassy in Rome" Italy.William F. Conway, MBA, is professor ofaccounting in the College of Business Ad­ministration of Kent Slate University.Now civilian personnel administrator atthe U. S. Naval Gun Factory, Washington,D. C., Charles J. Cercoran writes to reportthat his latest son, year-old Peter, is the"tops" with older Tom and Judy.Charles F. Downing, MD (Rush) '42, wasawarded an $M in, physiology at Iowa StateUniversity at the midyear commencement.The Very Rev. Vincent J. Flynn, PhD,is a member of the Advisory Board of the- National Student Association, and in 1948was the national chaplain of the NationalFederation of Catholic College Students.President of the College of St. Thomas inSt. Paul, Minnesota, the Very Rev. Flynnhas been named the 1949 president of theAssociation of American Colleges.Josephine Frerichs, AM (Mrs. Chester E.Evans) is on the faculty of the Universityof Illinois in Urbana as an assistant inEnglish.Practicing medicine in Santa Ana, Cali­fornia, is Russell L. Hafer, MD '42.George R. Hughes, PhD, has been ap­pointed director of the Oriental Institute'sexpedition in Egypt.Advertising manager of the Goes Litho­graphing Company, Chicago, is Paul D.Lynch, who lives in Dolton, Illinois.. William E. Murphy, of the famous tennisteam of Murphy and Murphy, is coachingthe University of Michigan tennis �eam inArm Arbor.Esther G. Ortleb, AM,. is a social workerat the Wint,er Veteran's Hospital in To­peka,. Kansas.Last February Kenneth L. Patton, AM,DB "41,. was installed as the new pastor ofthe Charles Street Universalist Church. Oneof Boston's architectural landmarks, historicCharles st. Church long housed a congre­gation of the A.M.E. Church. It is nowthe abode of a church which will welcomeinto its fellowship members of all creedsand races without questions as to their doc­trinal belief.William G. Renee, MD '41, is in generalpractice in Sigourney, Iowa.1940Frank A. Beach, PhD, professor ofpsychology at Yale University, is one of thecontributors to the 1948 revision of theEncyclopaedia Britannica. Dr. Beach isthe author of an article on "Sexual Be­havior,"Fay Mary Dillon, AM, is teaching ro­mance languages and journalism at HuronCollege in South Dakota.Eugene Duton, AM, is psychetogist on thefaculty. of the University of Illinois, NavyPier, Chicago. Mrs. Dutton is the formerLeone L. Parkinson, '�91.At Scott Air Force Base in Illinois, wefind Howell G. Guin, DB, is air force chap­lain.L. Earl Hollinger, SM, is director of in­telligence, U. S. Air force, The Pentagon,Washington. On the staff of the Chicago Daily Newswe find Robert A. Irwin as copy editor.Jeanne Jewett, AM, is assistant adminis­trator of the Oregon State Public WelfareCommission in Portland.Robert C. Jones, chief of the Division ofLabor and Social Information of the PanAmerican Union in Washington, D. C., hasbeen invited to serve as a consultant for theU. S. Committee of the International Con­ference of Social Work for the InterculturalProject of the San Diego (California), Cityschools. .Albert Newhouse, PhD, is still at theUniversity of Houston, but is now associateprofessor of mathematics.Isabell S. Renowden, AM, is Mrs. RobertB. Wilkerson of Temple City, California.Ferdinand L. Rousseve, AM, former chair­man of the department of Arts and Sciencesat Xavier College, New Orleans, has joinedthe faculty at Boston College. The 1948co-recipient of the James J. Hoey award,-bestowed annually by the Catholic Inter­racial Council of New York City for lead­ership in interracial affairs, Dr. Rousseveis currently engaged in restoring theRomanasque Abbey Church of St. Martialat Limoges, France.Richard Salzmann, pastor at the Churchof the Cross in Cincinnati since 1945, is nowtaking post-graduate work at Union Theo­logical Seminary in New York City.Elmer B. Tolsted, SM '41, is professor ofmathematics at Pomona Col1ege in Clare­mont, California.1941From Minneapolis comes word that Hol­lis L. Ahrlin, MD, is on the staff of theU, S. Veterans Hospital there, .William H. Friedman, officer in the For­eign Service since July, 1946, has beentransferred from Belgrade to Zagreb asVice Consul. Previous to Belgrade, heserved in Marseilles. Friedman was withthe U. S. Army here and in the ETO from1942-46.Evelyn F. Kasdan, AM '43, (Mrs. NormanCooper), is a medical social consultant inthe Nelw York City Department of Health,Division for Physically Handicapped Chil­dren.Appointment of former University ofChicago baseball star, Arthur J. Lopatka,as business manager of the Chicago Hornets,local entry in the All-America Football Con­ference, was recently announced. Art wasstar pitcher of the Maroon nine for threeseasons, elected captain in his senior year,voted the team's most valuable player, andnamed second most valuable in the westernconference. He spent a season with theSt. Louis Cardinals in 1945 and then thePhilfies in 1946. A smashed forefinger cutshort his career in baseball. Since 1946 hehas been a department executive for theStevens Hotel in Chicago.Carroll Marchand" AM, and his wife,Dorothy Dieterich Marchand, AM, are liv­ing in Detroit where Carroll is a socialworker.William S. Massey, SM '42, of Peoria,HI., received the degree of doctor of phi­losophy in mathematics 'at the Januaryconvocation of Princeton University.Ruth. L. Packard, AM, is regional direc­tor of the National Student YWCA in To­peka, Kansas.Theodore c. Rammelkamp is an asso­ciate in the law firm of Vaught, Robinson& Foreman' in Jacksonville, Illinols.Herbert E. Ruben, JD '47, is with theSaxon Mills in Franklin, Massachusanj;The Rubens (Marilyn Porter Ruben, '46)are living in Boston.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIn the laboratory of the Norwalk Tireand Rubber Company of Norwalk, Con­necticut, we find Charles L. Tribby, SM '42.Frederick R. Volger, AM, is officer-in­charge of the National Labor RelationsBoard in Indianapolis, Indiana.William I. Walls, AM, has been madea member of the World Council ofChurches' Central Committee. BishopWalls is the only member from the Stateof Illinois and presided at the panel ofthe State Council of Churches in Bloom­ington, Illinois, last January. -Paul E. Willard at present is employedby Ohio-Apex, Inc., Nitro, W. Va., as aresearch chemist. Prior to February, 1947,Paul was a development chemist with Cela­nese Corp., Plastics Division, in Newark,New Jersey, Paul is the proud father ofNeva Lynn, 4Y2, and Paul Spencer, 2.Robert J. Zolad, MBA, has just acceptedthe position of Controller with MerrillCompany, Chicago, publishers of childrens'books.1942Jay P. Bartlett, MD '43, has left Chicago­and is now practicing in Ogden, Utah.Last July George A. Beebe became direc­tor of Alfred University Extension in James.town, New York. The junior college hasan enrollment of 200 in its liberal arts,program. Beebe also announced the birthof his second child, and daughter, AnnSterling, born in Norfolk, Virginia, a yearago.Joel Bernstein, AM '48, and his wife,Merle A. Sloan, '45, are now in Londonwhere Joel is in the Foreign Service withthe Economic Cooperation AdministrationMission to the United Kingdom.Murray A. Cowie, PhD, and his wife,Marian T. Lurwig, PhD '46, are both onthe faculty of the department of Germanat the University of British Columbia inVancouver.Harry R. DeYoung is minister in thePresbyterian Church and is currently servoing in Detroit, Michigan.Diego Dominguez-Caballero, AM, is pro­fessor of philosophy at the University ofPanama, Panama City ..John M. Gandy, Jr., AM, is a researchassociate for the Council of Social Agenciesin Chicago, Illinois.From Gerald W. Gingrich, MD '44, comesa quick summary of his activities sinceleaving the Midway-and we quote: "Wentto St. Louis City -Hospital in 1944 and after9 months of internship went into the Army.Was in the Army Transport Service out ofNYC and made 14 round trips on the At­lantic. I married in January, 1947, andthen came to North Carolina after myseparation. Am in general practice inWarsaw (pop. '2,000) and enjoy it. I planto migrate to Michigan in 1949 bringing awife and one son."Robert B. Gooden is with E. R. SquibbCo. as professional service reyresentative.The -Goodens make their home in BattleCreek, Michigan.John B. Howard, JD, is with the Eco·nomic Cooperation Administration i'nAthens, Greece.Leaving Blodgett Memorial Hospital inGrand Rapids, Michigan, where he servedas administrative intern, Harris B. Jonesis now with the Allegan Health Center,Allegan, Michigan.From Cleveland comes word that WiDiamM. McMurray is a meteorologist with theU. S. Weather Bureau. The McMurrayslive in Berea, Ohio.Robert n, Reynolds, MBA '47, of Pitts­burgh, is a market analyst in that samecity. James W. Tedrow, JD '47, is at theSchool of Business, Texas Christian Uni­versity. Jim and his wife, Virginia Vlack,'47, are making their home in Fort Worth,Texas. .Paul Wallin, PhD, on the faculty of theeconomics department at Stanford Uni­versity, is on sabbatical leave this year.Mrs. Wallin is the former Frieda M. Brim,'37.Everett K. Wilson, AM, is assistant pro·fessor in the department of sociology atAntioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio.1943Ruth Lewis Aho, AM, is now Mrs. jud­son C. Williams, and is living in New YorkCity.In Cambridge, Massachusetts, we findRuth Andelman, AM, engaged in socialwork.At Hunter College in New York City,Ruth H. Blackburn, AM, is an instructorin English.Alan Bond, MD '43, and his wife, Char­lotte A. Roe, '40, have moved to Akron,Ohio, where Alan has a residency at Peo-ples' Hospital. .Carl Dragstedt, Jr., \ and his family reocently returned from the army of occupa­tion in Japan. Carl plans on completinghis work for an A.B. degree in business atChicago.Norman E. Ellefson is an accountant forStanolind Oil and Gas Company in Tulsa,Oklahoma.Granville C. Fisher, AM '46, is chairmanof the department of psychology at the Uni­versity of Miami (Florida).Rudolph Gasten lives in Phoenix, Ari­zona, where he is engaged in installmentsales.Albert W. Geigel is in the InternationalDepartment of the Bank of America inSan Francisco, California.Antonio C. Goubaud, -AM, formerly withthe Carnegie 'Institute of Washington attheir Guatemala branch, is now in chargeof the Instituto Indigenio de Guatemala,with headquarters in Guatemala City.-Robert L. Guillaudeu is a medical stu­dent at Georgetown University Medical­School while his wife, the former VirginiaF. Ide, '45, is teaching mathematics atthe Alice Deal Jr. High in Washington,D. C.Estel L. Hamill, Capt., USAF, is withthe Army of Occupation in Japan.Now living in HyattsvH1e, Maryland,David A. Heller, .JD '48, is with the De­partment of Justice in Washington.Anna Daguy Johnson, JD, is now withthe' Solicitor's Office in the Department of.Labor, Washington, D. C..Adele Koskosky is now in Fassberg, Ger­many, in the heart of the British Zone ofOccupation and is setting up a club andrecreational facilities for the men of theAir Corps who are flying supplies to Ber­lin on Operation Vittles.Ernest Mond, on the staff of MichaelReese Hospital, and his wife, the formerJulia H. Friedman, AM '46, are living onChicago'S South Side.Melvin K. Myers is studying at the Uni­versity of Paris, and is working on his doc-torate, specializing in French. 'Don Patinkin, AM '45, PhD '47, andhis wife, Deborah Trossm.an Patlnkin, '44,SM '46, left for Jerusalem, Israel, in Febru­ary. Don, who was on the faculty of theeconomics department of the University ·ofIllinois, will be on the staff of the HebrewUniversity.Eleanor K. Skeen, AM (Mrs. A. B. Stein),is .a housewife and mother of one son, Aft- 29LA TOURAINECoffee a,nd TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co .209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoO,her P'an',Boston - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracuse - Clevelond"You Migh, A. We" Have The 8est"LEIGH1SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th Str.etPhones: HYde Park 3-9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERTelephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruifs and Yegefa,""es. Distribu,or. ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketGolden Dirilyte(/twtMf"ly Dtril1old)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATBD_Complete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derbv, Spode ,andOther Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Cliicago 4, UI.Platers, SilversmithsSpecia'ist. • • •IGOLD. SILVER. RHODANIZE5,1 LYlE RWA RERepalr.d, I.BnISh.d, .R.lacqu.redSWARTZ & COMPAN,Y10 S. Wabash Ave. CEntral 6-&089-90 Chicago30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETREMONTAUTO SALES ee ••.Direct Eadory DttlilerfotC,H RYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CA,RS6040 Cottage GroveMidway! 3-4200Also: Guaranteed Used Ca:rs ,and!'Complete A,utom,oflUe �I,epair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing De,partmentsAlbert K. Epstein. "12B. R. Herris, '21Epstei'n. Reynolds and Herrls I,Consulting Chemists and Engineer.5 S. Wabash An. ChicagoT elephone 5T ate 2-89514i��fUCJIUCAl $III'",y CO.DIstrIbutors. Manufacturers Ind Jobbers IIELECTRICAL MA'I'E:R.ALSAND FIXTIORE SUP,PU:ES I'580:1 H'al:s,ted St� • ENglewood 4-7500 I'TElEVISfO'NDN.p in and see a prrogramRADIOSFrom consoles to portablesRacf,io- TV Serv:;c,eAf heme or shopiELECTRICAL APPUAN,CESRefrigerators. RangesWashers Bl.anketsSJPORTI'N6 '600:8.$For all seasonsRECO·RDSPopular-Symp.honiesFine collection for childrenillER 1lJ1IAIAIi�{)93'5 E� 55th 'StreetAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Midway 3-6700,Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler, '33A. T. ,STEWART LUM,BER COM!PI:N!Y ,:EVERYTH:'lNiG ,'"LUMBER AND MIU.WORKIi 7855 Greenwood Ave.410 West 1:1 Hh 5t./ VI ;6-9,000PU 5-0:034 drew, in Boise, Idaho. Her husband isemployed in the Idaho. Public HealthService. .Mab:olm C. Spencer, MD, is a dermatol­ogist in Philadelphia and resides in Rose­mont, Pennsylvania.Jane N. Spragg, MD '48, is on the staffof Ryder Memorial Hospital in PuertoRico. Her husband, Howard E. Spragg,'who attended the Chicago TheologicalSeminary, was recently made superin tend­ent of all work in Puerto Rico conductedby The' Board of Home Missions of theCongregational Christian. Churches. TheSpraggs and their two children, Suzy, 5,and Peter, I, are living in San Juan.Medical case work supervisor is Fran­ces G. Weiss, AM, on the staff of Birming­ham V.A. Hospital in Van Nuys, Cali­fornia.Harry D. Wilson, MBA, and Mrs. Wil­son (Betty Hanson" '34), are now livingin, Sydney, Australia, where Harry is Vice­President of A. C. Nielsen Co., Ltd. Theirhome address is 18 Burrabirra Avenue,Vaucluse, New South Wales, Australia.Esther Boehlje is assistant professor ofeducation at 'Iowa State Teachers College.We evidently allowed our enthusiasm toget the best of us 'a few months' ago whenwe said that Dean Hinton was the young­est officer in the State Department. It seemsthat Dean who is 2nd secretary of the-American legation in Damascus, Syria, isone of the youngest political officers, but itis not denni,te�y known that he is theyoungest. .1944Involved in coal "stripping" �s Paul A.Criscillis of Williamsburg, Kentucky.Dorothy D. Duft (Mrs, G. Dana John­. son) of Chicago writes that she and herhusband have t-wo children: Karen Kristine,a strawberry blonde, born January 22, 1946,and Dana Bryant, a platinum blonde likehis father, born December 20, 1947,Dual R. Jaros, MD '46, has ended histerm of service as Lieutenant (j.g.) in theMedical Corps of the USNR, as of April1., 1949. Lt. jaros was last stationed atHrh District Headquarters in San Diego,California.Yah linen Li, 'AM, is on the staff ofGeneral Li 'Tsung-jen, Peiping, China.Rev. Paul C. Reinert, S.J., PhD, was reocently named President of' St. Louis Uni­versity. He became dean of the College ofArts and Sciences at the university inAugust, 1944,. appointed vice-president last':fURe, acting president in August, and presi­dent in January.Alice K. Sheehan visited New York Citylast summer and accepted a position withthe law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell.Marguerita M. Steffenson is dean ofwomen at Winona State Teachers College,Winona, Michigan.Alicerose S. Barman, AM, (Mrs. M. J.) isan instructor at Pestalozzi Froebel Teach­ers College in Chicago.19;45On the staff of Hillside Hospital in Belle­rose, New York, is Joseph R. Barberio,MD '46.Raymond G. Feldman, JR, plans to moveto Milwaukee, Wisconsin,. from Tulsa, Okla­'homa. He will open his own law officethere.Pamela Held (Mrs. William Loughbor­ough) is assistant editor for the MacMillanCo., in New York City.Faith Jefferson Jones (Mrs. Dewey R.),AM, formerly at the Hampton Institute in Virginia, is now director of the ParkwayCommunity House in Chicago.Raul iF. Aptone, AM, is assistant special­ist in arts and vocational education withthe Inter-American Cooperative Educa­tional Service .in Panama.Rev. Pius J. Barth, PhD, is chairman ofthe department of education at De PaulUniversity in Chicago.Bernard J. Levine describes himself, as a"hooch peddler." In reality, he's a sales­man for National Distributors in Los An­geles, California.Samuel H. Levinson is sales manager ofALABE Crafts in Cincinnati, Ohio.Francis W. McKenzie, AM, is the recentlyelected secretary of the committee on coun­seling of the National Council of YMCA'sof North America and is still director ofthe Hartford (Conn.) YMCA CounselingService. Continuing doctoral studies atYale, Mr. McKenzie took a leave of ab-- sence last summer at Harvard to study UIi­der Chicago's Dr. Carl Rogers.A. Brace Pattou nI is a staff news writerfor the American Broadcasting Company inChicago. Mr. and Mrs. McLaughlin re­cently announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Hollis, to Mr. Pattou. The wed­ding, planned for June, will unite two LakeForest (Illinois) families.Harold B. Smith, MBA, is credit man­ager for the M. L. Parker Company ofDavenport, Iowa. .Louis B. Thomas, MD, is now in Minne­apolis at the University of Minnesota inthe department of pathology. Dr. Thomashas a fellowship there and is thoroughlyenjoying the training. Dr. and Mrs. Thomasnow have two children, Kathie, 4, andElizabeth Barton (Betsie B.), not quite ayear old. Thomases all hope to get downto Chicago soon for visits to their friends .Thomas T. Tourlentes, MD '47, is stillin residency training in psychiatry atDowney Veterans Hospital under direc­tion of Drs. Jules Masserman, Harold J.Madsen, MD (Rush) '38, and Ernest Landy,MD (Rush) '31. Downey Hospital is nearGreat Lakes Naval. Training Station onthe shore of Lake Michigan.Frederick Wezeman will be on leavefrom his position as City Librarian of Ra­cine, Wisconsin, to teach in the LibrarySchool of the University of Wisconsin forthe summer session.1946Harriett K. Beck, AM, formerly chiefpsychologist of the Flint State ChildGuidance Clinic, has been appointed act­ing director of the Clinic by the MichiganState Department of Mental Health.,Hallie Beachem BrOOKS (Mrs. F. V.), AM,was promoted from instructor to assistantprofessor at the Atlanta University Schoolof Library Service. Mrs, Brooks was electedto membership on the Administrative Corn­mittee of the Southern Division of theNational Student YWCA.Sarah H. Goodell, now Mrs. WilliamKendrick Ewing, is living in Louisville,Kentucky, where she is an office manager.Richard Greenwood is research geolog-istfor Atlantic Refining Company. Dick, wife,Amy, and three children are living inGuatemala City, Guatemala. .Frances L. Horler, AM, continues work­ing toward her PhD at the Universityof Rochester, New York.Charles R. Jones is a geographer withthe Department of the Interior, division ofgeography, in Washington, D. C.Burke Miller, JD, is a partner in thelaw firm of Millet: and Miller in Lincoln,Nebraska. iTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPOND LETTER SERVICEEt)erythin� in LetterlHoove. Type.rltl ••Multlgraphln.Addre"Olraph Senl ..H l'lheat QuallQ Slrwl ••Ail Pho�es ·M IlItolrllphl ••Addre .. I ••MIllin.,Mlnlmull Pili ....418 So. Mallket St.HArrison 7'·8'1 18 Chi,eagoAMERICAN COLLEG'E BUREAU28 E. JACKSON' BOUL'EVARDCHICAGO IIt Bureau 'of Placement wbl'eh Umlts ,Itawork to the university and college 8eld�It is affiliated wJ.tb tIle Flslr 'Teacb.r,. iAgency of Chlcago, whose work covers. allthe educational fields. Both Ql'ganlzaltonsassist Ill' the appoln.tment. ot administratorsas well as of teachers.Our service Is nation-wide.Since J885ALBERTTeachers� A.gencyTile best In plac:ement service for Unlv:erslty,.College. Secondary and, Elemllntary. Natlo:n. Iwide patronag.e. Call or w,rlt. us at '25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisCLA,RK�BREWER ,Teachers Agency67th YearNationwide ServiceFive OlJices-One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd .• ChicagoMinneapolis--Xanla. City., :Mo.Spokan.-New YorkSTENOTYP'YLearn new. lIPeedy machine Ihorthand. Lesa ]'effort. no cramped fingen or nervoua fati�ue. ,Allo other co.rle.: Typini. B. ookkee�1Dr.Comptometry. ete, Da1 or eveniDi. Vi, .• t,wri" Of' ,/lOKI for ."'G. .Bryant� StrattonCO�yEGEil8 9. MICHIGAN AVE. Tel. RAndolph 1·'1575ANIMAL CA'GIESofAdvanced Scientific DesignACME S,NEET .MET·AL, WO:RKS1121 Eas' 55th St.Chicago 15, 1111.Phon: HYde .Park 3·9500 Vern M. Pings recently left for Pales­tine where he will work with the AmericanFriends Service Committee. At presentPings is working fer his Master degree inPublic Health Education at Columbia Uni­versity.George w. SChaeffer, PhD, has joinedthe faculty of St. Louis University as dierector of the department of chemistry.Beatrice O. Allen, AM, is principal ofthe W aters School in Chicago.Chester M. Arehart, AM, is registrar ofFlorence State Teachers College in Florence,Alabama.Delbert M. Bates, AM, is principal ofBreck high school in St. Paul, Minnesota.E. Den Bieler, AM '4.7, is an instructorof psychology at Elmhurst {Illinois) Col­lege. Mrs. Bieler lives in Western Springs.William E. Block, AM, is principal ofWaters Elementary School, Chicago.Jesse P. Crodian is teaching in the In­dianapolis, .Indiana, public schools.Nicholas Gordon, newspaperman with theInternational News Service, is living inNew York City at present,Francis J. Lynch is, insurance claim ad­juster for Employers Mutual Liability In­surance Company of Wisconsin, in theirChicago offices and is also studying at theKent School of Law.Morris Showel, AM '47, has 'been ap­pointed substitute instructor of sociology atWayne University. Detroit, Michigan. Be­fore Joining the Wayne faculty, Mr. Showelwas a graduate assistant a,t Chicago.1941Berta R. Arango U., AM, is assistant tothe executive. secretary of the Survey ofNational Conditions of the Education Sys­tem In. the Ministry of Education of theRepublic of Panama.John M. Beck, AM, is an instructor ineducation at De Paul University in Chi-cago.,Edith Creed Binker, AM, is teaching aclass for retarded children at LincolnSchool in Dunellen, New Jersey.Charles G. Caldwell, AM, is, assistant pro­fessor in the CoUege of Education and staffconsultant for the Institute for Child Study,all at the University of Maryland.Dorothy Chambers, AM, is a kindergartenteacher at the Sidney Lanier School in. Gainesville, Florida.Eric V. Lovgren is a production techni­cian for Kraft Foods Co., Chicago. Mrs.Lovgren, the former Phyllis L. Johnson, '44,has returned .to the U. of C. and is study­ing for her' master's degree.EDen Louise' Lund followed her gradua­tion with a year in Sweden visiting rela­tives. She has since .returned and is backon the Midway as office manager of theUniversity's radio office in the Adminis­tra tion Building.1948Edmund AbdelBoor, AM" is Arabic laa­uage training specialist with the ForeignService Training' Center of Arabian Ameri­can Oil Co. in Long Island, New York.Jean O. Amberson, PhD" is head of t�,ehome economics education department atPennsylvania State College.William J. Anderson, AM, is counselor inthe public schools of Phoenix, Arizona.Verona 'M. Ayers, AM, is teacher of Eng­lfish at Phillis Wheatley Hig,h School inHouston, .. Texas.Richard. M. Bateman, . PhD, is districtmanager of the Purdue University 'Centerin Fort Wayne, Indiana. BLACKSTONE HALLB'LACKSTONE 'HALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn the! . Universi,ty of CMcago' DistrictOffering; Graceful, Living to Uni·versity and Business Women ,atModerate Tariff "I5748Blackston. Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorS'nce 1878HANNIBAL, INC.U p"oleafersFurn·;fure lepalrln,.. 1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Llneeln '9-7'1'80TuckerDecor'ating Service1360 East iOth StreetPhone Mldway 3-4404GEO:RGE ERHARDTa,nd SONS, Inc.Painting-Dec:orating,-Wood IFinishin.g3:123 Phone,Lake Street KEdzie 3-3186JJ1latk�tont 11l'ttOrating�ttbittPhont PUllman 5-9170•RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMEiRCIAl,PAINTING & DECO/RATING1331W. Jackson. Blvd. Telephone ..MOnroe 6·319232 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESince 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical Equipment,Hospital end Office 'FurnitureSundries, Supplies, Dressingsv. MUELLER & Co..All Phones: SEeley 3·2180408 SOUTH HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS': <P,h,ones OAkland 4·0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old ,Retia ble'Hyde 'Park Awning Co.IINC.Awning. and Canopies for All ,Purpo.e.4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOYDSTON BROS •• 'INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29·31 Cottage Grove Ave.OA�land 4,·0492ASHJIl\N BROS., Inc..'TABLlI,HED 112'1Orien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 $oulh Chicago Phone REgenf 4-6000 Donald K. Beckley, PhD, is director ofthe Prince School of Retailing, SimmonsCollege, in Boston, Mass.Margarita E. Bendey (Mrs. N. B.), AM,is now teaching in the fourth grade atSouth School in Arlington Heights, Illinois.M. Daniel Browne, AM, is assistant prin­cipal of Huntington High School, NewportNews, Virginia.Edwin G. Bruell, AM, is teacher of Eng­lish and social studies - at Edison JuniorHigh School, Hammond, Indiana.Perry P. Burnett, JD, is with the Com­merce Clearing House in Chicago.Alexander H. Charters, PhD, is assistantto the dean of the University College ofSyracuse University. -William Risteau, jD, is working in theGeneral Counsel's Office of the FederalSecurity Agency in Washington, D. C.Eugenia H. Waechter, is a public healthnurse in Hillsboro, Illinois.Russell E. YOWlg, jD, is in the Researchand Development Department of SinclairRefining Company in Harvey, Illinois, as ishis brother, Kenneth E. Young, also JD �48.ENGAGBv1ENTSProfessor and Mrs. Nicholas Rashevskyannounce the engagement of their daugh­ter Emilie, '44, to Kaj Aa Strand, chairmanand professor of Astronomy, NorthwesternUniversity. Dr . Strand is also a member ofour astronomy faculty. Emilie is publica­tions secretary and librarian for the CowlesCommission at the University. She is alsoa member of the College Alumni Associa­I lion Senate. The wedding will take placeat Bond Chapel on June 10" 1949.MARRIAGESOn August 20, 1948, Marcia E. Cowen, '38,AM '44, became Mrs. Arthur L. Collins.Mrs. Collins, who lives in Steger, Illinois,is counselor of socially maladjusted chil­dren at the Washington school .in ChicagoHeights.Bemeice Loew, AM' 48, and Norman D.Clayton, AM '48, were married June 30,1948. The Clay tons are living in Chicagowhere Norman is a social worker withUnited Charities and Berneice divides hertime between homemaking and social work.BIRTHSEugene J. Bethe, '42, of Mishawaka, In­diana, announces the birth of a daughter,Christine Lynn, on November 29, 1'948. Ac­cording to Gene, Christine's homecoming, has kept wife, Mary Jane, and entire house­hold in a state of turmoil which is onlynow beginning to settle down.The littlest and youngest Johnson, -Susanby name, arrived February 24, 1949, at theFalls Church, Virginia, home of JOohn A.Johnson, JD '40, and Harriet Nelson, john­son" '39. Susan joins john, Jr., and Barbara.Mr. and Mrs. David Houghton Thomp­son ,(Phyllis A. Thompson, AM '44) an­nounce the birth of Kate Secord, January13, 1949. The Thompson family is nowliving in Berkeley, California.DEATHSVictor M. Davis, AM '24, director of ap­pointmen-ts, and executive secretary of theAlumni Association of the University ofTennessee, died in Knoxville on May 31,1948.George P. Snyder, AM '26, passed away ofa heart ailment, February 2, 1949, whileattending a pastors' convention in Colum­bus, Ohio. Mr. Snyder, who lived in Akron,Ohio, is survived by his wife, Olivia Wag­ner Snyder, AM '28. Telephon. KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLAjax Waste· Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers 01 Any QUIJlItityWaste PaperScrap Metal and Iron'or Prompt Ser"ice CallMr. B. Shedroft, VAn Buren 6-0230SAR'GENT'S D,RUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago. IllinoisSlinR.w�Chicago's OufstandingD:RU6 STORES,I •Auto Livel'Y•Qu,.,. unob'rwiv. "",'ceWhe .. you want If. os you wa.r IfCALL AN EM:ERY FIRST·I E'mery Drexel Uvery, llnc.5516 Harper AvenueFAirfax 4-6400How electricity "lightens" our lives ...Two HUNDRED SIXTEEN BILUON kilowatt hours - nearlyfour billion dollars worth ... is a lot of electricity! Yet thatvast quantity supplied the United States for just one year(1947) .This tremendous flow of electric power couldn't havebeen put into the country's power lines without carbon.You'll find carbon, too, in the switches and control equip­ment that distribute electric power ... in most of the electricdevices in your home ... in the batteries for your radio,flashlight, hearing aids. Your telephone is voiceless withoutcarbon.Better materials contribute immensely to improved elec­tric service. Hydrogen gas keeps huge generators cool ...nitrogen gas is kept under pressure in important cables towarn when the protective casing is pierced ... plastics giveinsulation that is more efficient yet thinner, tougher and longer lasting; also provide construction material that isinsulation in itself. Alloys give metals of better electricaland strength properties.The people of Union Carbide provide these and othermaterials for supplying electricity. They also produce hun­dreds of other materials for the use of science and industry- to the benefit of mankind.F R E E: Let us send you the new illustrated booklet,"Products and Processes," which shou:s howscience and industry use VCC's Alloys, Chemi­cals, Carbons, Gases and Plastics. Just write-UNION CARBIDEAND CARDON CORPORATIO.1V3 0 E A 5 T 42 N D 5 T R E E T � NEW YO R K 17. N. Y.--------------- Trade-marked Products of Divisions and Units include --------------­NATIONAL Carhons • EVEREADY Flashlights and Batteries • ACHESON Electrodes • PRESTONE and TREK Anti-FreezesBAKELITE, KRENE, VINYON, and VINYLITE Plastics • HAYNES STELLITE Alloys • ELECTROMET Alloys and MetalsLINDE Oxygen and Hydrogen • PREST-O-LITE Acetylene • PYROFAX Gas • SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS"Young man with good connectionsIN a Bell telephone central office, this WesternElectric installer is connecting thousandsof wires to new equipment to provide moreand better service.Here's one of 18,000 trained Western Elec­tric installers who do this job for Bell Tele­phone companies. Crews are working in some1,600 central offices to connect new equipmentMANUFACTURER PURCHASER DISTRIBUTORof telephone apparatus for of supplies for Bell of Bell telephone cfp-the Bell System. Telephone co m p o n i es, paratus and supplies.fitfub 11..···which, like your telephone, is made by West­ern' Electric.• Western Electric is part of the Bell System­has been since 1882. This assures closest coopera­tion between people who design telephone equip­ment, people who make it and people who operateit. Their teamwork has given this country thebest telephone service on earth.INSTALLERof Bell System centroffice equipment.A UNiT OF THE BELL @ SYSTEM SINCE 1882