T� � U N IV�RS lTV O�(�I(AGO MAGAZI NtIf you're not thoroughly certain that you're in theright job today, it will pay you to consider what theMutual Benefit can offer those men who belong in thelife insurance business.It's a fact that not everyone can succeed as a Mutual Benefit under­writer. It's a job that requires certain qualities ... including a capacityfor hard work. To those who succeed, the rewards are substantial.SECURITY: Just like a doctor or lawyer, a Mutual Benefit underwriter buildshis own clientele. And his income amounts to far more than the initial commissionon the policy. For when commissions or renewals stop, service fees begin and lastas long as the policy is in force. This insures a steady income-not affected byseasonal slumps or recessions. Too, a retirement income for Hfe beginning at age 60or 65 is part of the Mutual Benefit's security plan.PERSONAL INDEPENDENCE: Being a Mutual Benefit underwriter is likebeing in business for yourself. With two important differences: You do not needcapital to start the business. And you will receive intensive training in all phases ofyour job. Your income will be determined largely by your own ability and ambition.If you wish to investigate further the advantages of a job with theMutual Benefit: for your own protection and ours, we ask that youtake our Aptitude Index test. This test will help to determine whetheryou have the qualities necessary for success as a Mutual BenefitUnderwriter. You can complete it at home in about 30 minutes.Send coupon today for your copy of our Aptitude Index. Take thisinteresting test and return it to us for scoring. If you score high andare interested in learning more about the opportunities we offer, weshall be glad to discuss them further.THE MUTUAL BENEFITLIFE INS URANCE COMPANTORGANIZED IN 1845 NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.. - - - -;1'1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --.:.- - -- - --- - - - - -- - - - - - - -- --_ ••• _. __ ••• _-- -- -- ---- - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - ------ - -- - - - - - - � - - .i-1 Director of Field Personnel .The Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company300 Broadway, Newark 4, New JerseyACTNOW! I am interested in learning my possibilities as a successful Mutual BenefitUnderwriter. Please send me the Aptitude Index. I understand there is no obligation.Name AgeAddressCity State(C-l)• • •••• ••••••• • •••••••••••••••••••• ••• ••• _ .. •• •• __ ••• • 1 ASSOCIATE EDITORAdded to the editorial staff of thel\fAGAZINE on a half-time basis, ArthurR. (Pete) Day will help the students makenews for the alumni. Pete is himself astudent and the other half of his day willbe spent in the learning end of the Uni­versity halls.Originally Pete entered Syracuse Uni­versity in the College of Forestry. But hecouldn't see the forest for the individualtrees which grew into feature stories. Sohe switched to journalism.Came the War and he entered the navalair force to become a patrol bomber pilot.Pete had opportunities to talk with num­erous news men. They advised him to for­get schools of journalism and concentrateon a solid liberal education.DayTherefore, out of service, Pete turnedup on the quadrangles in the departmentof International Relations, editing theMaroon, with a side job as campus COr­respondent for the Tribune.His ability came to our attention whenwe were looking for a staff member tocover campus and feature stories.In this issue Student Activities.. Athletics,"University Moves In" (with layout), andthe layout of the Communist story arePete's.Meanwhile he continues to keep an of­ficial news eye on the campus for theTribune while working on his master's,which he hopes to receive next June.HONORSAt the University's 234th convocation OnSeptember 2, honorary degrees were COn­ferred upon Max Von Laue, German physi­cist and winner of the Nobel Prize in 1914,and James Leslie Brierly, English author­ity on international law. It was the firsttime since its fiftieth anniversary in 1911that the University granted the honorarydegree.Von Laue, Director of the Institute forTheoretical Physics at the University ofBerlin, was awarded an honorary doctorof science degree for his work in diffrac­tions of x-rays by crystals. He was cited,also, as a "resolute champion of freedom"for his record of opposition to Nazism.Brierly, the Chichele Professor of Inter­national Law and Fellow of All Souls Col­lege, Oxford University, was awarded thedegree of doctor of law for his investi­gation of world community under law.Paul Gray Hoffman, who was awardedthe Rosenberger Medal, (see page 6) wasprincipal speaker at the convocation,which also marked the fiftieth anniversaryof the University's School of Business .THE UNIVERSITY MOVES INTop right: Workmen loadingVocational Guidarnce filingcabinet into fre·ight elevator.Ellis Avenue side of Admin­istration Building in back­ground.Above: The Ellis Avenue en­trance. Carl Mack. of Bulld­ings and Grounds. comingover to check on pr09lress oftwo-month moving opera­tion.Right: A new outlook oncampus. Looking east towardRockerfeller Chapel fromfifth floor . windows of theAdministration Building. EARLY in August the trim little girls of the comp­troller's office threaded their way through the tur­moil of workmen and scaffolding in the entrancehall, shared the elevators with sundry furniture, and re­ported for work in their fourth floor offices of the newAdministration Building.Thus begun, the migration continued through Augustand September while the building took shape aroundthem. Comptroller's calculators and press relations' type­writers chattered on the fourth floor while on three aman squatted over a blowtorch in the middle of theempty room, on six the switchboard operator mountedher lonely vigil, and on one. the snail-like floor-finishingmachine mumbled about between the glassless doors.Vocational Guidance stepped across from Cobb laterin the month and the administration staffs followed in. September. By the time the first student presented him­self for the fall quarter, 370 people from 14 offices werethere ready to receive him.1EliZABHH WALLACE REMEMBERSMiss Wallace was Professor of FrenchLiterature when she retired in '1927.I .remember vividly the first time' I metRobert Morse Lovett. It was in Octoberof 1893. The University of Chicago wasa year old. Two women's dormitorieswere open and ready for occupancy. Mrs.Alice Freeman Palmer, Dean of Women,was solicitous that the first social steps ofthe new University be in the right direc­tion, hence Monday afternoon teas hadbeen organized to take place in Beecherand Kelly. These Halls were scantily fur­nished, the tea was weak, the girls wereshy, but our ambition to set high socialstandards was vaulting and nothing coulddefeat us.I was Head of Beecher and on our sec­ond Monday Mrs. Palmer had said to me:"I am going to bring two unusually nicemen to Beecher today, one is. Robert Her­rick, a nephew of my husband, and theother is Robert Lovett, his friend. Theyare new Instructors in the Department ofEnglish and they come from Harvard,You must be nice to them." I was.They looked ext-raordinarily young. Rob­ert Herrick had a beautiful complexionand the expression of a wayward cherub.Robert Lovert was slender, tall, with blueeyes and a well modeled nose. His mouthset in· solemn lines would suddenly andunexpectedly relax into the most engagingsmile. That afternoon they were a socialsuccess. and the two became bright starsin the misty firmament of those earlydays at the new University.For fifty-five years our friendship hasremained unbroken. I-t became richerwhen he 'brought into our circle as his. wife,Ida Mort-Smith, whose luminous quaHty ofspirit has never lost its radiance. It be­came infinitely precious with the .unques­tioning love of their three children,Bimbles, Beatrice and Ruth, It grewstrong and eternal through thirty-five yearsof academic companionship. - It has takenon an autumn beauty and mellowness bythe shores of Lake Minnetonka where heami Ida spend their summers now, withdaughter Beatrice.And now, Robert Lovett has written hisautobiography, All Our Years, (VikingPress, $3.75.) It is divided into .two parts.The first under the rubric, "Behold the]ife at ease-it drifts," consists 'Of 13'3pages. Part II, introduced by the line,"Contention is the vital force," extendsover 204 pages. We conclude that mostof his days were spent in struggle.As I read the story of his boyhood Iam inclined to. believe that contention be­g,an very early for he says, "Our house­hold kept the New !England maxim, "Eatit up. Wear it out. Make it do.' If Ididn't like the food I was told, 'You mustlearn to like it:" He deals rather harshly with himselfas a child and I am sure he was a muchmore lovable youngster than he makeshimself ou t to be. He says himself thathis boyhood was drab, but life began totake on more color when he entered Har­vard and began to make stimulatingfriendships.He graduated summa cum laude and wasclass poet. After a year of graduate studyat Cambridge he decided to accept an in­structorship at the University of Chicagoand it was there that life really began forhim in 1893.Most of the book is a remarkable mis­cellany. The pages are crowded with aheterogeneous and fascinating group ofpeople; with personal, social, political, re­ligious and international events. and yetthe crowds are not confused, but weavein and out among the events, giving ameaning to them. The events, in turn,throw a light upon both the stupidity andthe nobility of humanity.Through these crowded pages RobertLovett makes his way modestly, even dep­recatingly, earnestly but never takinghimself too seriously..ELIZABHH WALLACEYou may differ from the comments andthe conclusions but when you reach the'last pages you see emerging from the stressand struggle one ,who knew how to ridegallantly with life.While working with him at the Uni­versity and seeing him almost daily-whenhe was not off on some crusade=I realizedthat he was a busy man, but I had no ideawhat a vast variety of interests he had un­til I read his autobiography, for he wasnot a man who clamored to be heard. Hisfirst interest was in teaching and his bookis dedicated to the thousands of studentswhom he had known and loved. One ofthese students said of him, "He's the kindof a teacher who continues to look over awriter's shoulder all through a man's writ­ing life. It is good that he is there."_ I knew him 'as a teacher only throughhis students. They often spoke of !his -ex­quisite courtesy which was not only a mat­ter of background and training but wasbased on his fundamental respect for allhuman rights,It - was his respect for .human rights thatmade. it well-high impossible for him. torefuse chairmanship or active membershipin any society that had for its aim help tothe underprivileged. Thus he worked forthe abolition of capital punishment, for2 birth control. He went to live at HullHouse. His affiliation with the Leaguefor Industrial Democracy, with theAmerican League Against War andFascism, his active interest in oppressedIndia and his sympathy with the Republi­cans in the Spanish civil war, to speak ofonly a few, all those affiliations were butan expression of his abiding passion toside with the under-dog.His clear-cut statements concerning hisrelationships to these numberless causesare most illuminating; a relationship thatmore often than not involved privation,discomfort and persecution; inconvejj].ences which he touches with a light handand with never a shade of resentment.This contradiction of passionate seri­ousness for a cause and gay unconcern asto himself was both baffling and unpredict­able, but it was what kept him balancedand approachable and understanding.One time when the Lovett family and Iwere contemporaneously in Paris, Robertand I visited the Salon one afternoon. Hewas in fine fettle that day and was dis­coursing on art, its technique, its philoso­phy, its place in the economic world. Hewas particularly brilliant and fertile intheories."Strange," he said, "how little originaland independent thought the public enter­tains in questions of art. By some luckyaccident a man sells a picture and immedi­ately someone else wants to buy one andsuddenly the artist finds himself to be abest seller."Impressed, I asked "But how do youknow that?""We have the proof right here," he saidtriumphantlv, pointing to a group of can­vases by the same artist. "They are allmarked 'sold!'"I looked, and sure enough, they wereeach .labeled with a conspicuous letter "S:'So happy and satisfied was he that Iscarcely dared suggest that if they Werereal1y no longer on the market they wouldprobably be labeled with a "V" for venduand that the "S" might indicate Societaire.When he was convinced, he was con­vulsed by one of his silent laughs that per­vaded his whole anatomy and then endedwith a bubbling chuckle. He could alwayslaugh at himself unrestrainedly. He willprobably smile now when he discovers thatin his book he has. attributed the Spanishplay of El Galeoto to Valdes and possiblyallege that Echegaray was too difficult tospell.Of special interest to anyone concernedin our government's administration of jus­tice is Mr. Lovett's dispassionate analysiSof the charges brought against him by aCongressional Committee when he wasGovernment Secretary of the VirginIslands, It is a revelation of the blunder-.ing ignorance of some of our legislators,and of the forthrightness and sturdy hon­esty of such leaders as Harold Ickes.Robert Morse Lovett's Iife has been .afull one. Here is a man who, with cou­rageous pertinacity, has served humanity,ignoring compromise, acknowledging withlaughter his own weaknesses, tolerant ofopposition, courteous in defeat and modestin accomplishment. In Landor's wordswhich he quotes, may his remaining yearsbe mild and sweet and may all who readthis story of his life echo the lines ofMatthew Arnold which Mr. Lovett appliedto Jane Addams:Weakness is not in your word,Weariness not on your brow.Minneapolis Elizabeth Wallace.ED·ITO,R1S .MEMO PADNo ScoreChalk up One complete breakdown inthis office's service to alumni!In recent months we found out how toroast a pig for a Chicagoan; purchased apennant for an alumnus in Oregon; se­cured a translator for an Iowan whocouldn't read a long Jetter from Germany;ref-erred a question on baby care to Lying­In Hospital; and . cheerfully answered allmanner of questions. Now there is asmudge on our tally sheet.Into our office came an alumna librarianfrom Los Angeles returning from a na­tional convention in Atlantic City. It was10 A.M. •"Mother and I have reservations on atrain leaving for California at 8 P.M.,"she announced simply."The idea suddenly struck us," she con­tinued, "how pleasant it would be to drivea new Studebaker back. Will you put mein touch with the right party so I cancancel our reservations before 6 P.M.?"We can go along with a gag so we sug-:gested, in addition, a visit to a local radiogive-away program to pick up a trailer fOFadded convenience.That crack fell with a lead-pipe thud.The young lady had no time for jokes.�lready it was 10:15. With aU our yearsIII Chicago and, SUI'e1y, with alumni con­tacts in the Studebaker family" the -re­quest should be simple.The conference ended on a hurt tonewith us furnishing-from the Red Book­the addresses of two Studebaker sales roomson the South Side. She guessed she'd haveto handle this alone.We'll be red-faced if the deal wentthrough without the help an alumna hasa right to expect from her alumni secre­tary but we can't bring ourselves to writeLos Angeles in view of the circumstances.Three summer meetings•Three alumni. groups had highly suc­cessful summer meetings,Cleveland. Actually tfue Cleveland gather­ing was Northern Ohio and, actually, theygot together two weeks ahead of officialsummer. But it was their annual picnicat which they are the guests of TrusteeCyrus S. Eaton at his Acadia Farm home.There were more than 400 guests includ­ing Lynn A. Williams, Jr .. , Vice Presidentof the University of Chicago. The picnicwas Sunday, June 6, just early enough inthe season to get some ram water in thepunch. But, as usual, it was a happy re­union occasion.New officers were elected: . O. CrandallRogers, '.20, president; Helen Gowdy, '27,vice president; Sue Smith, '2'5r, treasurer;and Mrs. Edna Hewit Jurey, '23, secretary.Seattle. On our way to Oregon for avacation, we dropped off the Great North­ern's Empire Builder at Seattle. We joinedthe Seattle alumni at dinner in a swankyprivate dining room of the Hotel Meany.It was an informal what's-happening-back­on-the-quadrangles meeting with presidentof the club, Dr, Henry N. Harkins, '25,SM '26, PhD '2S, MD Rush '31, presiding.The beau tiful roses were from the gardensof Mrs. Zilla E. Wilson, '14; the corner-fullof hydrangeas from the home of Dean R.Dickey, JD '26, secret�ry .()f the dub. THE UriNlVERSI'TY OF C·Hil'CAGiO,MAG:AZIN:EVolume 41 October, 1948 Number 1PUBLISHED ,BY TH.E ALUMNli ASSOC.IATI,ONARTHUR R. DAYAssociate Editor HOWARD W. MORTEditor VIVIAN A. ROGERSAssociete EditorWILLIAM Y. MO"RGEN:srERNlContribufing Editors JEANNEHE LOWREYIN T HIS- COVER IASSDClATE EDITDR -HDNORSTHE UNIVERSITY MDVES INBDDKSEDrrDR'S MEMO. PAD -REUNION REVmW -JURIST TiD JOURNALISTBUSINESS Is MDRE THAN BUSINESS, Paul Gray Hoffman -STUDENT ACTIVITIES, Arthur R. DaY' -BACKSTAGE IN JUNENEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES, Jeannette Lowrey -ONE MAN'S OPINION, William V. MorgensternALUMNI CITATIONS - COVER I12ODMMUNISM IN AMERICA AND EUROPE, Gordon K. Lewis -Gunnar HeckscherSOPHONISBA BRECKINRIDGE -HARRY A. MILLIS -NEWS OF THE GLASSESCALENDAROOVER: Lo:okin,9 out on sno+her UniversIty Fan from our old Alumn.iOffices 'in Cobb Hall.Published., by the Alumni AS'sociatiGn Gf. the University of Chicago. mo.nthly, from Octoberto June. Office: of Pu!oHcation, 5'1:33 lJiniversity Avenue, Chicago. 37, IUinois. Annual subscrip-'tion price $3.00., Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December I, 193', atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act J£ March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.Portland. The best club meeting in yearswas .held in Portland, where we paused onour way to Oregon coast fishing streams.To list all our alumni friends at the din­ner would make a list of nearly fifty offthe bottom of this page. Dexter Fairbank,Jr., '35) was unanimously and enthusiasti­cally elected the new president. a dean" and the reply "we have no onelower than a dean", everyone laughed.Actually, one of the new tenants hadreporeed the jagged loss of the corner ofa note book. Evidence led, via barefootrodent footprints, to a tunnel not yetscreened.Buildings &: Grounds (See Page 9) wentinto action and. have since reported: "Therats already have moved. out."RatsIt was just another group of facultymembers discussing the new Administra­tion Building (see P. I)."I see the rats already have moved in,"said one professor.Remembering the bromide about the re­quest for a speaker: "no one lower than 345689-11- 14- 15- 1617- 20- 20_ 2'222Jammed'A number of articles, book reviews, let­ters and hundreds of news notes scheduledfor tfuis issue Were' crowded 'OUt., Newsitems and stories arriving after SeptemberI (when everything for the October issue.went to the printers) had to be held over.3Class of 1898 retumed for their fifti·eth anniversery dlin­nero Around the +eble from the left: Mis·s Mabel Dean,Un'iversHy Archivist. guest of the Class; Trevor Arnet+, Trustee oi the University; Mary Frances Winter (Mrs. PaulP. Bennett); John P. Mentzet. Class President; Mrs. TrevorArnett; Robert E. Graves; end Miss Laura M. Wright.Class Reunions. In addition to the fif­tieth celebration of the Glass of '98 (see,above), the Class of '03 met at its C Bench(class gift); the Classes of 1916-17 resumedtheir annual get-togethers together; 1918,had a table-sagging buffet at the Quad­.raagle Club; 1923 celebrated its twenty-,fifth in the Coffee Shop and adjourned tothe Reynolds Club lounges for singing;'and the Glass of 1938 celebrated over onehundred strong at a cocktail party at theSherry Hotel.Order of the C. With Pat Page, '10,and Wilbur Urban, '31, on the mound, theAlumni won the Varsity-Alumni gamewith a ninth-inning rally, The C mencelebrated at the annual. C Dinner in theCoffee Shop with Grand Old Mall Staggthe honored guest.The Alumni Gift was reported in twocategories, I) money sent direct to theAlumni Office, and 2) specially designatedgifts sent direct to the University. The Gift:Number AmountDirect " . . . . . . . . . . .. 4,800 $ 74,008Through Univrersity....... 351 263,071'Total ,.. 5,15>1 $3'37,0:89All-Alumni Reception.' Hundreds ofalumni renewed friendships and made newfriends over refreshments in the ReynoldsClub lounges. In the north lounge thestudent Camera Club displayed winnililg REUNION REVIEWphotographs; . in the. south lounge anAlumni Musicale was the unique high­light of the afternoon-unique because thenumbers were composed by and played byother alumni of the School of Music.Other Reunion Events included the an­nual Alumnae Breakfast with a record at­tendance and Emily Taft Douglas, '19, as. guest speaker. The Medical Division's openhouse at the Clinics followed by a banquetat the Shoreland Hotel was one of themost successful reunions in its hisrory. Atthe Phi Beta Kappa dinner twenty-onecandidates (01:1t of 45 elected during theyear) were Initiated._Interfraternity Sing. As usual, Hutchin­SOR Court was jammed with thousands ofreturned alumni (1,122 fraterniey menmarched and sang). Delta Upsilon' wonthe quantity cup witb 136 men; PhiGamma Delta won the quality cup; andSigma Club, winner of the Interclub Sing,opened the program as guests.There were two emotional highlights.The first was when Sam Earle, son of S.Edwin (Ned) Earle, '11, introduced hisfather's fraternity, Alpha Delta Phi.Since Sam was knee high to a plus fourhe had been dad's first assistant at everyannual Sing. Now dad was in North Caro­lina recovering from a serious illness bill tSam was carrying on with his regular as­,sign:m.ents, and mother was watching fromThe Scheel of Business ce'I'e'brated its fiff'iefh ann,j:versary at. a dinner in Ida, Noyes Hall. Speaker was Fermer Dean L C.Marsha"'. From fhe :Ieft: Charles E. Merria1m. Dean '1908-09;' a seat of honor on the Coffee Shop bal­cony.For the first time in the 3�-year historyof the Sing, founded by Ned's class anddirected by Ned without a break from thevery beginning, Sam worked without hisfather.Arthur C. Cody, '24, assistant to the di­rector for many years, pinch-hit as masterof ceremonies with the help of Chester S.Bell, '13-another Sing veteran. Ned Wouldbe pleased to know that they 'followed hisnote book of operations and the program I. ran smoothly. A great ovation followedthe tribute paid to S. Edwin Earle by ArtCody.The other emotional highlight was WhenThe Grand Old Man, Amos Alonzo Stagg,flanked by fraternity brothers, briskly ledthe march of the Psi U's (his fraternity)down the flood-lighted ramp and aroundthe fountain.Minutes later, when the applause frOIDthe standing thousands ended, Coach Staggstepped to the guest microphone and said:"... I love the University and it will al­ways be close to my heart as it is to Stella's(his wife). God bless you all!"At that inspired moment, the spirit ofhis yell king days catapulted Art COdy tothe fountain platform with a "Let's havea good old Chicago Stagg!" MitchellTower vibrated with the echo: "STAGG,Stagg, Stagg, Yea-a-a .. !"W. H. Spencer. Dean 1924-45; L C. Marshall. Dean 1909 •24; ;Garfield V. CO)( •. Dean 1945- ; leverett S. Lyon.and Chester W. WrigM. Acting Dean 1917-19.4JURIST TO JOURNALISTWHO'D have thought that Elmer T odd� )96� wouldever publish a daily newspaper? CertainlyElmer Todd, preparing for the legal profession,never thought so.The year Elmer Todd was graduated from the U;ni­versity of Chicago, Colonel Alden J. . Blethen, formerowner and publisher of The Minneapolis 'Tribune, whichhad suffered a disastrous fire, cast his eyes toward thePacific Coast. He purchased a struggling weekly news­paper which was later destined to become Seattle's lead­ing newspaper, The Seattle Times.Had young Todd known about this event it wouldhave meant absolutely nothing to him. Elmer was inter­ested in law, not newspapers., . After graduation, Elmer T'Odd returned to his hometown of Dixon, Illinois, where he began learning hislaw by absorption in a local office. But two years later,Elmer, too, headed west, arriving in Seattle after a six­month pause in Tacoma. As a stenographer in 'a lawoffice he continued his legal education, passed the Wash­ington bar, and at the age of thirty-four was a UnitedStates District Attorney.Publisher Alden J. Blethen died in 1915. His son,C. B. Blethen (who attended Chicago one year: 1898-99),took on the responsibility of making the Times the mostinfluential newspaper on Puget Sound. "C. B." (as' heis referred to by the old timers on the paper even today)was a vigorous, crusading editor and he needed the serv­ices of a good legal firm. That's how Elmer Todd, ofthe legal firm of Donworth and Todd, first got involvedwi th newsprint.As the Times' circulation moved towards 100,000, Elmer. Todd's newspaper responsibilities increased until, in 1'941,when C. B. died, the, Blethen family persuaded Mr. Toddto desert his law offices in favor of the plush second floor Elmer Todd, '96, was inter­ested in I'aw not newspaperswhen he left the Midway.But that was befo.re C. B.office in the new' Times Building ·at the edge of Seattle's'business district. The paper had outgrown the old TimesBuilding at Times Square in 1931.Elmer Todd is now President and publisher of the/ Times while the three Blethen sons, Frank, William andJack, hold the other top-flight positions on this paper,which has always been owned by the Blethen family.Following the, crusading rough and ready years ofC. B., the mature, balanced judgment of Publisher Toddwas just what the Times needed to make it Seattle'smost popular home paper (8 out of every 10 homes)with a circulation of more than 200,000. The Blethensons are the first to give full credit to the Todd leader­ship and the department heads have sincere respect forhis judgment.Until a year ago there were three Seattle dailies:Hearst's morning Post Intelligencer and two evening,papers, the Star and the Times. A year ago the Starfolded, leaving the Times with the P.T. running secondin circulation.Today the legal representative for the Times is an­other Todd, Charles, eldest son of the publisher. Charlesattended Yale and had his law training at the Universityof Washington. He Is a member of the firm of Wright,Innis, Simon and Todd. His brother, Thomas, also fromYale with his legal training at Harvard, is a partner inthe Seattle legal firm of Langlie and Todd. There isone sister, Lucy, married to a Princeton graduate, whois with the American Airlines in Washington, D. C.5BUSINESS 'IS MORE THAN BUSINESSP,aternaJismIs O'bsoleteTHIS 234th convocation is an occasion for the Uni­versityof Chic�go to congratulate i�seH. ,.It ma.rksthe 5!()th anniversary of a notable pioneenngventure-the School of Business which was launched inthe autumn of 1898, just six years after the Universityopened its doors.Fifty years is a very long time for a school of business.As Mr. Harold H. Swift, Chairman of the' Board ofTrustees, said at a luncheon meeting today, only onecollegiate school of business has an earlier birthday" theWharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.It was Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, head of theUniversity's first economic department, who proposedthat the University found a school 'of business; as amatter of fact, fie' presented his plan for a Col1eg�e ofCommerce and Politics in 1894. The proposal to com­bine commerce and politics in one college was unique, butprophetic; Charles E. Merriam, the second Dean . of .the College, almost simultaneously with his taking onthe deanship got himself dec ted to the Chicago CityCouncil.In proposing a college of commerce, Professor Laugh­lin was not moved, I am sure, by the desire to trainyoung men to earn better salaries as bookkeepers. Hemust have seen that a revolution in our economic lifewas: in the making; that big business-really big business-was about to become a reality. He knew that as busi­ness institutions grew larger the decisions' of businessleaders in their own businesses would have social con­sequences far transcending the profit and loss statementsof their own companies. He knew that if these businessleaders were to serve their own institutions and thepeople well they would have to acquire new attitudesand new skins. He presented his case for a business.school so persuasively to the U niversity Senate thatit approved his plan.In retrospect this may seem to us an obvious decision,but remember that £01" hundreds of years great uni­versities regarded theology and law as the only profes­sions worthy of scholarly attention. Ultimately medicinealso won recogni tion; but even at the tum of this cen­tury business wasn't academically respectable. Eventhough it was recognized that businessmen could berespectable citizens, business was held to be Iittle morethan the art of buying cheap and selling dear.The history of the School of Business quite definitelyreflects the basic attitudes of the University authoritiestoward the meeting of their self-imposed responsibilityof �flrriching human me. Speaking generally, from thefounding of the University until Robert Maynard Hutch- By PAUL GRAY HOFFMAN, '12ins arrived on the campus, major emphasis was placedupon the enrichment of life through increased knowl­edge of the environment in which men lived. How muchwas contributed by the scholars of this University tothe knowledge of man's environment - is written intothe record in flaming letters.It was. here that Marshall engaged in pioneeringstudies of business practices, policies and procedures.It was here that John Dewey made his first experimentin elementary education. It was here that CharlesMerriam carried on his searching investigation intoman's political institution. And it was here that JacquesLoeb and Anton Carlson brought to fruition the physio­logical research which attracted the attention of thewhole world and contributed greatly to longer andhealthier lives for countless millions.The University has contributed its full share of the.dis·coveries which have given men longer life, moreand better goods, and more leisure, all conditions pre­sumed to be basic to man's happiness.. In 1929, when Chancellor Hutchins came to the Uni­versity, hope still ran high that continuous improvementin the environment of man would almost automaticallyresult in continued progress toward happiness, thatlonger life would mean greater intellectual development.Chancellor Hutchins lost no time in registering hissharp dissent. In a voice not friendly, he expressedconcern over modern man's immersion in science, tech­nology and specialization. He insisted that it is notmap's environment but man himself who should be thebask object of research and study. He suggested thateven a longer life and more material wealth for manwere less significant than a life richer in spiritual andintellectual values. Even in 1929,. when, as some ofyou may recall, all was right in this richest of all possibleworlds, he stated publicly that it was better to be rightthan rich.With Chancellor Hutchins' general premise that theprimary problem is not man's environment but man him­self, I take no issue. How could I, faced as I am withthe fact that despite the unparalleled enrichment inman's environment there remains the possibility thatman may again resort to the ultimate stupidity of anotherworld war.. Chancellor Hutchins is right, in my opinion, inurging that if we 'seek the happiness which comes onlythrough wisdom, we must look to the WIse men of allAt fhi!s Ccnvece+lon, Paul Hoffman, Chief of the Eco­nomic Coopereficn Ad'l1'Iiin'istrai"li,on, was awarded theRosenberger Meda·1 for his role as "responsible business­man and ci-tize,n::' Heed of Studebaker Corporation,Hoffm,a:n is a Univ\ersity Trustee end Life Member of theAlumni Association. In 1944 his own classmates honoredhi.m with an AluM'ni Citation at Reunion.6THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEages for guidance-that we will profit much if we giveheed to the thoughts of the immortals as they are set forthin the Great Books. Chancellor Hutchins would ofcourse agree, however, that we also need to accelerateour efforts to: learn more about man's environment. Weneed not make a choice between a study of the wisdomof the past and research into the world of the present;both are imperatives.One of ,'the most dramatic examples, 01 the need forcontinued and intensified research in the' problems ofthe present lies, of course, in the field of atomic energy.The scientists of the Midway took a leading part innuclear research. during the war, and history's firstcontrolled nuclear chain reaction occurred within afew blocks of this Chapel. As a result of their workthe atomic bomb was made possible. It is these samescientists, ably supported by Chancellor Hutchins, whonow say we dare not stop until we have learned howto employ atomic energy for constructive rather thandestructive purposes. I am told that Dr. Hogness saysthat atomic energy .is now viewed in much the sameway electricity would have been viewed if itS first usehad been for the electric chair. That the University'snew nuclear institutes will changethis attitude, and thatspectacular benefits to mankind will result, nd one candoubt. Other scholars of the University are hard atwork in other fields carrying on pioneering activitieswhich are not so dramatic 'but which hold muchpromise.In the field of business, under the direction of DeanGarfield Cox, the School has greatly increased its effortto serve educationally persons who are already inpositions of business responsibility. Through its Execu­tive Progra:m, and through lending its scholars to busi­ness groups, the University has given business leadersthe opportunity to acquire '<1' far deeper understandingof our economy as well as an acute understanding of thenecessity for responsible business conduct.I can give personal testimony as to the significance ofthe work of the University scholars in this area, becauseit is Professor Theodore Yntema, 0'f our University'sSchool of Business, who' has been the active head of theResearch Division of the Committee for EconomicDevelopment since it was organized. If I have acquireda broadened capacity for looking objectively at the prob­iems confronting business, and if I have learned thatsound solutions to basic questions can be found onlyafter painstaking study and a most painful obliterationof one's natural prejudices, it is because of ProfessorYntema and his associates. Other universities have, Iknow, followed the lead of the University of Chicagoin this pioneering effort to meld. the wisdom of economistswith the practical experience of businessmen. Here andeverywhere else these activities should be expanded andintensified.I can also testify from personal knowledge that theUniversity is making another significant contributionto improving the environment in which men. Five through 7its Industrial Relations Center under the direction ofFrederick Harbison.Even today, neither in business nor out of business"is there an awareness of the fundamental change whichhas taken place between the relationship of employerto employee. Until recent times it was assumed that theideal relationship between employer and employee wasthat of a father to minor children-children who, wouldnever cease to be minors. The common law expressedthe relationship as that of master and servant.There has been, of course, from a long time back asubstantial number of employers who realize that underthe paternalistic concept of the relationship betweenthe employer and employee we could not develop the kind,of citizenship needed to support a free society. However,it was the rapid growth of unionism that brought prac­tically all employers face to face with the fact thatpaternalism ,was obsolete-that it had to be replacedwith a relationship which was man-to-man rather thanmaster-to-servant..The ancient paternalistic relationship was simple­the modern relationship between employers and employee,or rather between management, and labor is complexand difficult. Both business and labor leaders need helpas they seek a constructive relationship. That help isbeing given them by the Industrial Relations Center.As a result of studies and investigations of the center,animosity has been replaced by understanding in manysituations.The importance of creating in our business institutionsthe kind of environment which will help develop goodcitizenship can best 'be appreciated by a look at thestatistics on employment. Sixty million of America's140 million citizens are gainfully employed. More than/ forty million of that sixty million work in establishmentswhich employ from two to 200,000 people. It is in thoseestablishments that they spend a large share of theirwaking hours, Surely there can be no more . effectiveway in which to help men 'lead better lives than toimprove the conditions under which they strive tomake a better living. We will never reach the milleniumbut we can make progress toward it if both manage­ment and labor strive. jointly to create conditions inevery organization that will encourage the maximumgrowth and development;' not only materially but sociallyand intellectually" of everyone associated with the enter­prise.There is much. confusion in the world today andout of that confusion a new world is taking shape. Ofone thing we can be certain-that it is. going to be avery different world than the world of today. I amequally certain that it will be 'a better world because Ifind not only in the United States but in all other freenations .a growing conviction that it is people who areimportant=-thac at the end of an human activities isthe human end, the development of men and womenin their highest powers - that business is more thanbusiness, it is people.SlUDENT ACT1VITIESHoles forall kinds of pegsEverybody knows the University of Chicago is "differ­ent." Some people derive a sort -of satisfaction from thisfact, but then some other people derive a lot of head­aches from it. Among these latter are the Assistant Deanof Students, John L. Bergstresser, and his staff, who haveto worry about the recreation of this unique community.Operating on a "you can please all of the peoplesome of the time" basis, they have all kinds of holes forall kinds of pegs-square ones, round ones; rightist ones,leftist ones; athletic ones and cultural ones. As a Maroonscribe of another day remarked, somewhat unoriginally,"ya pays yer money and ya takes yer cherce.". From Ileft to rightAnd a wide selection it is. Take politics, for instance.Next year will find the Communist Club and the YoungRepublicans holding forth, somewhat weakly, it mustbe admitted, beside the lusty activity of the big four,American Youth for Democracy, Progressive Citizens ofAmerica, Americans for Democratic Action and Ameri­can Veterans Committee, all household words in thelexicon of liberal politics. Throughout the year meetingswill be held, money raised, lobbies sent and ideologicalwarfare waged in halls that in other and less harriedhours teach of T. S. Eliot and marginal productivity.There will be music, too-music at the C-Dances,already a campus tradition after two short years; musicat the vaudeville mixers, sponsored by Student Union'sentertainment committee to ferret out local talent; musicof' the masters on records at noon in Social Sciencebuilding and in the evening in the Reynolds Club; musicof quite another sort at square dancing in Ida Noyes Hall;and' music in a burst of brilliance at the WashingtonProm, when the plebian social program goes patricianfor a night in the Stevens Ballroom.in the fa'I.I-hayrid,esThen there's fresh air, under the auspices of StudentUnion's outing department. In the fall, hayrides; in thewinter, skiing ; and in the spring bike trips to fresherairs, and nature walks in Jackson Park. During the'Christmas vacation, more elaborate fresh air in Floridaor on the ski slopes of Colorado (this, too, an outingdepartment project).A novel institution, under the flamboyant name of"pow wow," will provide the opportunity, every Thurs­day afternoon at 3: 30, for serious discussion of currentissues of big or little moment. Last year the philosophyof the College and the University courses underwentstrenuous examination in sessions which became kri:�wnas "course critiques." By ARTHUR R. DAYFor the strong-sportsVolley ball, table tennis and bowling are about asathletic as Student Union gets (the Athletic Depart­ment handles the more muscular activities), but tourna­ments in these .sports will be run throughout the year.There will be bridge tournaments, too, for the sedentarysportsmen,University 'Theater.is one of the more imposing insti­tutions and has in the past turned in seasons of varyingquality but unvarying interest. Three productions areplanned for the fall quarter alone, opening with Eliot'ssomber "Murder in the Cathedral." In the same vein buton a somewhat different level, the Acrotheatre, of theAthletic Department, will do two shows during thequarter, one a benefit performance for the SettlementFund. This group has presented its novel entertainmentto packed houses throughout its short career .-..• of Student UnionBut what of Student Union, of which much has alreadybeen said? It in itself is a unique achievement, represent­ing, as it does this year for the first time, most of therecreational groups on campus. It combines the variedtalents and interests of many formerly independenjgf0UPS, such as the Outing Club and Dance Committee,in one great organization under the sponsorship of theDean of Students. It maintains the Noyes Box, aninformal night club in Ida Noyes Hall, for light talkand dancing; it sponsors the pow wows mentioned• above ; its various departments are responsible for a greatpart of University activity. Its activities dominate thecalendar throughout the year, and go far to satisfy theincomparably varied demands for recreation of a pe­culiarly diverse community.The brothers and sistersThe unique nature of the University provides head­aches for some other people as well. Fraternities and Clubsmust justify their raison d' etre in a system in which theyrepresent a small minority, and each year they come upwith their traditional affairs and the usual round of par­ties. Their season will get underway during the first weekof the year with a joint Free Dance in Ida Noyes Hall.Interfraternity Council will hold its own ball during thefall quarter, and the Club counterpart will be held inJanuary.Athlietics - A Research ProblemAmong the headaches engendered by the character ofthe University, certainly none is more persistent than thatshared by the Athletic Department. Jolted some timeago out of Western Conference competition in most majorsports, University athletics have since been in a continualstate of flux."It is actually a research problem we have here,"8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEclaims Kyle J. Anderson, As;istant Director of PhysicalEducation. "Our problem is to find out where we belongin athletics, with the type of student we have."The q;uestio'n-. whom to platyI t is not so much a case of cutting down on sports asit is seeking our o�n level of competition. As Andersonemphasizes, the University has a full sports program inall fields but football. The question before the departmentis not how much to play, but whom to play in eachsport.For example, during the coming year, Western Con­ference competition will find out gymnastic, fencing,and tennis teams on its schedules, by no means, in anunderdog capacity. Our basketball" baseball and trackoutfits, however, will circulate in an entirely differentleague, thus presenting a somewhat complex schedulingproblem.Varying qualityThe fluidity of the athletic situation has this otherunsettling facet as well. The quality of U of C teamsvaries considerably from year to year, making even moredifficult the job of finding the proper level of competition.Continuity has not been established since the war, thoughAnderson feels this year will mark the beginning of, asounder squad setup.The teams are composed about half and half of Col- 9lege and Divisional men. College men can play varsitysports for only their last two years, and in the divisionsthe turnover is relatively great, all of which makes foruncertain year to year material prospects. Also, sincethe war the College has supplied older men than isusual-ex-Gls coming back to school at regular collegeage or over. Teams have in the past been younger thanaverage college-level competition, and may become sO'again.This ancer+aln businessHow is it possible, then, to fit these teams into appro­priate competitive levels? As Anderson explains, theschedules themselves are as fluid as are the teams. Asa squad becomes stronger, a better schedule is found forit. This year, tor example, a complete team will returnfrom .Iast season's diamond squad, and Anderson hopesto get Conference games for them on a trip during theSpring Vacation.In regard to prospects in other sports, Andersonis .somewhat noncommittal. In general, he -concedes, 'they are fairly good. A good proportion of veteranswill return in' basketball, but on the other hand tennishas been badly mauled by inter-season graduation.Always, too, there is the possibility that new men maybe even better men, or perhaps not such good men atall, and pre-season predictions are not the least uncer­tain property of this uncertain 'business.BACKSTAGE IN JUNEThis story hardly belongs in an Autumn issue. Ifwe were alert journalists we'd'tell .it in' May'. But Mayis always such a crowded month and Summer is sucha leisurely time to remember the nice things that peopledo for our June Reunions, SO' we wrote it in Summerand publish it in the Fall.At the time alumni all over the country are making'train reservations or touring plans for the annualSpring Reunion, orders are going out in the old three- .story brick (formerly the faculty club) back of the PressBuilding: Ingleside Hall.It's the home of Buildings and Grounds. If you wereto look over the shoulder of Weston L. Krogman, super­intendent, you would discover .him reading a memofrom the Alumni Secretary covering the details of thereunion week-end' program.Of course Krogman already knows the reunion isapproaching. He is a graduate himself, Class of �'25,and has been on the quadrangles in one capacity oranother for twenty years.After a brief interval at the University of Illinois anda year with Armour Institute, he returned to the Mid­way in 1928 as Chief Draftsman for B. &. G. In 1936he became Assistant Superintendent of B. & G. and Hutchinson Court. scene of the annual interfraternity sing.. 4moved to his present top position last year when Super-intendent Lyman R. Flook transferred his responsi­bilities to the Argonne N ational Laboratory developmentwhere, the University is playing an important coopera­tive part with the government.10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEActually, insists Superintendent Krogman, who is amodest individual, he himself has very little to' dowith what goes on before Reunion. "I have a fine, hard­working staff who do the work for me."Orders go outThe work, in this case, begins with Miss Leckie at theorder desk. She is actually Mrs. -Elsie Swanson, but itwas Miss, Leckie to' all us oid timers in the days beforeher partnership. She has directed traffic so efficiently andeffectively through the years that we suspect her absencewould leave B.. & G. feeling like A.T.&T. if someone 'swiped their control board on a dial system. From herdesk gO' a sheaf of orders .to' the call hooks of thevarious foremen.Many of these orders are to the numerous University"trades" under the direction of Assistant SuperintendentW. R. Zellner. Mr. Zellner, who came to' the quad­rangles from his work with the Century of Progressfourteen years ago, describes his job as "keeping afinger on the work in the Ulniversity trades," He wasformerly an electrical engineer in the Electrical Depart­ment now headed by foreman Connelly,The Interfraternity Sing, in particular, requires theattentions of numerous specialists. A week in advance,men from the electrical shop string the colored lights,place the floods on the towers, and install the publicaddress system. J. J. JDhanek' is the specialist en lightsand Al FJi:unks the P.A. system. ""Hley bave been han­dling this for Reunion a long time," says Zellner; "Theyknow just what has to be done with a minimum oflost motion." Neil de Looze and Arden Stolf help tiein the proper circuits, and George MoC'ullough, withhis carpenter crew, install the ramps and platf armswithout the lDSS of a hammer-stroke. They've beendoing this for a long time, too,,General' housecleaningThere will be orders for Gad Mack, European-trainedHorticulturist for the University. He's: responsible forthe grounds and shrubbery. Actually this, work ofgrooming began the minute the snow was . off and therains ceased, "What it takes," fE;marks Mack, "is a gen.­eral housecleaning after the winter's accumulation. Wecan't do much in the winter; then it rains all spring,So, by the time Reunion rolls 'round we have the wholejob to .do in a few days."Labor is short and temporary help. poorly trained.As soon as the weather WilI'UlS up "the weeds outgl;owanything- in captivity.' The grass grows so fast it 'hasto have. three or four cuttings lbefore it looks like ariY�thing. Everything' comes at once.But it gets done. Men are out at six to sweep thegutters before parked cars clutter up the curbs. By thetime the first alumnus rolls out of bed, trucks havecarted the debris away from newly-scrubbed streets.Mack has, been throug� .. all this seventeen times 'So it's nothing new. He joined B. & G. as a landscapegardener; refers to hi� present title, "Horticulturist," withsomething of scorn in his voice: "It sounds more scien­tific, I suppose." He studied the art of gardening inGermany. In this country he worked in the West andin Mexico before coming to Chicago.Horse and mower daysGrounds detailist -is Martin R. Donahue, who. was onthe quadrangles in the horse-drawn mower days. Thisyear, for� the first time in twelve years, he had a brandnew power mower that he broke in personally fer Re­union. With a touch of pride he adds, "Usually it takesnine days to cut this campus but for Reunion thisyear we did it in three."And, whether Dr net you noticed, the flagpole Wasdismantled and painted ahead of Reunion just foralumni!Guairds and [enl+orsAnother order of detailed events with times andplaces goes to the office of Guy R. Lyman, Inspectorof Service. Lyman directs the impressive' army of guardsand janitors. He prepares a schedule of movements forthe individual events and puts his janitors to' work ready­ing the University for the occasion.The Interfraternity Sing is his greatest problem. Win­dows opening onto the Coffee Shop roof must be lecked,and ether arrangements made fer protecting propertyand controlling crowds. Plans are drawn for the mov-,merit of traffic and protection of the thousands of re­turned alumni.On the night of the. Sing his guards assemble, checkthe schedule of movements, and go to their posts. Non­uniformed men will circulate amDng the guests for addedprotection, An int;icate system of whistles and handsignals is arranged to' bring Lyman or other officers to.the scene of any' emergency. Traffic must be directedwith' the two-fold purpose of avoiding jams and antici­pating fire department apparatus.'Then, what if it rains! It did just once: in 1947.This means double orders for ten of Lyman's men who.must be on their ;vay to the Field House if a dripping,soggy signal. is given.Lyman first came to the University in 1919. He was inuniform and instructed in Military Science and Tactics.He was released from army service in 1926 and after asix-year tour with the railroads he went with the Treas­ury Department. He returned to' Chicago and joinedthe Buildings and Grounds staff in 1933.Why de we tell YDU all this? Because, as students,many of you knew many of these men by their firstnames. You have seen them keeping the campus andbuildings respectable year in and eut. YDU have beenconscious of an' inviting campus when you returnedfer Reunion. We thought you ought to know mo.reintimately the most loyal, if' unobtrusive, members ofour University family.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESThere's a new look on the campus of the Universityof Chicago.The, new Central Administration Building, located be­tween historic old Cobb Hall and the former atomicsite, Jones Laboratory, is ready for the autumn quarter.(See Page 1.) •The progress of work on four other buildings, thatonly last year were in blueprint stage, has also beennoteworthy this summer. The first unit in the two­million dollar faculty housing project is nearing com­pletion for late October occupancy. The Ion AcceleratorBuilding for nuclear and cancer research and the Amer­ican Meat Institute Building are well underway. Pour­ing of the foundation for the new cancer research build­ing for the University Clinics is in progress.Campus activities for the summer of 1948 have alsobeen at their best.Marcel Dupre, the world's most eminent organist,came directly to the University from his post at St. Sul­pice Cathedral in Paris to present five organ recitals.Mare than 15,000 persons crowded Rockefeller MemorialChapel and its yards to hear the master-organist playBach, Franck, Liszt and a number of his own compo­sitions. Mr. Dupre, who became the rage' of Paris in1921 when he played by memory Bach's works in tenconsecutive recitals, presented Bach's Orgelbuchlein of45 chorales in one U niversity recital-a program whichheld his audience spellbound for one hour and fiftyminutes.Two-thirds of the earth's populeflonWorld g,overnment is the only hope for averting war,Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins declared."T1hough we say we want peace, the cold War inwhich we are now engaged can lead to only one result-a shooting war," Chancellor Hutchins warned"Writing in the summer issue of Common Cause,monthly publication of the Committee to Frame A WorldConstitution, Hutchins declared that by accepting theinevitability of a third world war, war is made inevitable."The choice for war or peace is open to us as a nation.We can move forward toward war with Russia alongthe lines of our present fereign policy, or we can initi­ate and support a constitutional convention to establishworld government."World government through the consent of the gov­erned must come, because there is no alternative thatcan bring peace to the world."Two-thirds of the earth's population may be countedin favor of world federation without including Russiaand the United States, Hutchins said."It 'seems unlikely that a constitution acceptable totwo- thirds of mankind would be unacceptable to both By JEANNETTE LOWREYthe United States and Russia. It seems even less likelythat a constitutional convention will be called or willsucceed in its labors unless the United States and Russia,or at least one of them, take the initiative and supportthe enterprise "wholeheartedly."Russia," he continued, "will either cooperate in thisundertaking, or she will abstain in whole or in part.She may dedine to participate; or she may participatebut fail to ratify .."If Russia cooperates in drafting a constitution andis, along with us, part of the two-thirds majority requiredfor ratification, the war that now threatens is averted."If Russia takes the opposite course, if she regards amovement towar.d world government " as a hostile act,then war with Russia may be unavoidable. But thewar will not then' be war between the United Statesand Russia. It will be war between the world com­munity and the self-made exile from the world com­munity. It will he a war that can lead to something.stronger than a so-called peace treaty. The peace begunby world government may be completed by the reunionof the Russian people with their fellow-men."The alternative to war, according to Hutchins, isnot a return to isolationism. "It does not involve appeas­ing Russia. It places no reliance on the United Nationsas an agency for preventing war."Isolationism is impossible because the world in thiscentury has become a neighborhood in which no nationcan live alone. Appeasement will not work, becauseit is no more effective than war in resolving a genuineconflict of interest by doing justice to 'both sides. TheUnited Nations cannot prevent war or enforce justicebecause it is not a world government."World government is the only hope we have ofaverting war. If it fails because 'Russia refuses to joina just world government, then world government cando the next best thing. to averting war. It can make theestablishment and survival of a just world government thepurpose of the war. '"A war fought on that issue would be the first inhuman history to be a war for the sake of peace."Teaching excellence awardsThree one-thousand dollar prizes, awarded annuallyat the University for excellence in undergraduate teach­ing, were awarded to three faculty members in theCollege.The 1948 recipients of the prizes, theonly such awardsin the country, were presented to: Albert M. Hayes,Associate Professor of English and Examiner in theCollege; Aaron Sayvetz, Assistant Professor in the Phys­ical Sciences; and Milton B. Singer, Associate' Professorand Chairman of the Social Sciences Staff in the College.1112 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe prizes were inaugurated in 1938 by a New Yorkalumnus to interest teachers in training not only scholarsand research workers but also young men and womenfor intelligent participation and leadership in business,civic and professional life.Hayes, formerly of Albany, New York, has servedon the faculty of the College since 1943. He was gradu­ated from Dartmouth College in 1930 and received hisDoctor of Philosophy degree from Princeton University- in 1933. Before coming to the University, he was anassistant professor of English at Bowling Green StateUniversity.Sayvetz, formerly of Boston, holds a Bachelor ofScience degree and a Doctor of Philosophy degree fromthe University. He became associated with the Uni­versity in 1942, and has been a leader in organizingthe natural sciences course in the College.Singer, who is chairman of the social sciences staff-in the College, was first appointed to tlre Midway facultyin 1942. He received his Doctor of Philosophy degreefrom the University in 1940; he earnedhis Bachelor ofArts in 1934 and his Master of Arts in 1936 at theUniversity of Texas.Tyter ReevesShiHs in the Seclel SciencesRalph W. Tyler, the nation's number 1 authority onthe relationship between testing and education" has beenappointed Dean of the Division of Social Sciences.At the same time Tyler became -dean, three otherpromotions were made in the division. Philip M. Hauser,former Assistant Director of the Bureau of the Census,and Sol Tax, noted anthropologist, were named associatedeans, Floyd W. Reeves, Professor of Education" was ap­pointed acting Chairman of the Department of Educa­tion ..Tyler, who was appointed Chairman of the Depart­ment of Education and chief examiner at the Universityof Chicago in 1938, at the age of 36, will also remainchief examiner of the University of Chicago.Director of the civilian, staff of Armed Forces Institute"world's largest test-making military laboratory, from 1943to 1948, Tyler developed four types of examinationsfor the army and navy. More than a million Tyler­directed tests of general education development on thehigh school level and hundreds of thousands of subject tests have been sent out by the Institute to date. Tyleralso developed the placement tests to determine thescholastic level of students entering the College.An outstanding leader in the national field of educa­tion, he is recognized for his contributions to curriculumconstruction and to the problems of evaluation of aUaspects of educational achievement.The 1948 president of the board of trustees of theNational Opinion Research Center of the University ofChicago, Tyler is also on the board- of directors of theSocial Science Research Council of the National Societyof Education. He was director of the Eight-year Evalua­tion Study of the Progressive Education Association, andvice chairman of the National Commission of TeacherEducation, -Tyler, who holds his Doctor of Philosophy degree fromthe University of Chicago in education, received hisBachelor's degree from Doane College, at the age of 19.He received his Master's 'degree from the University ofNebraska. -Hauser, who holds three degrees from the Universityof Chicago, was first appointed to the faculty in 1932 asan instructor in sociology. In 1947, on his return fromgovernment service during WDrId War II, he was madePr�£essor of Sociology.An expert consultant to the Secretary of War from1942 to 1946, Hauser is United States representative onthe Population Commission of the Economic and SocialCouncil .of the United Nations, consultant on the researchand development board of the National Military Estab­lishment.During the war, he was assistant to the Secretary ofCommerce and Director of the Office of Program Plan­ning from 1945 to ]947,_ and assistant director of the- Bureau of the Cen:sus from 1942 to 1947.He received his Bachelor's degree in 1929, his Master'sdegree in 1933, and Doctor of Philosophy in 1938.Tax, who came to the University in 1940 as a researchassociate, is Associate Professor .of Sociology, He is alsoChairman of the Committee on Social Science, and amember of the committee on the divisional master's degreeand committee on education, training and research. -He received his Doctor of Philosophy degree in an­thropology in 1935 from the University of Chicago, andhis Bachelor's degree in 1931 from the University ofWisconsin.Reeves, Professor of Administration, who succeededTyler as Acting Chairman of the Department of Educa­tion, was cited by Congress for his services in the admin­istration of the selective training and service act during[940 to 1942. Reeves also served as Chairman of theNational Resources Planning Board on postwar readjust­ment of civilian and military personnel and as directorof studies Lor the preliminary report on the temporary'commission on the need for a university for the stateof New York.He was director of personnel and the social and eco-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEnomic divisions of the Tennessee Valley Authority,1933-36, Director of the American Youth Commission,1939-42, and Chairman of the President's Advisory Com­mittee on Education and a member of the White HouseConference on Children in a Democracy, and the com­mittee on administration of the President's Committeeon Civil Service Improvement.New appointment in Geog!raphyEdward A. Ackerman, Assistant Professor of Geog­raphy at Harvard University and consultant to theJapanese government, has been appointed Professor ofGeography,A staff member in the military government programfor the Far East at Harvard, 1944-46, Ackerman wastechnical coordinator and research <supervisor of thenatural -resources section for the allied pDwers in Tokyofor the past two years.At present, he is in Washington as consultant to severalgovernment bureaus, and this fa1l he will spend threemonths in Japan as consultant to the resource commis­sion of the Japanese government's economic stabilizationboard. He will assume his duties at the University ortJanuary l ,. Born in Post Falls, Idaho, Ackerman received threedegrees at Harvard, his Bachelor's in '34, his Master'sin '36, and his Doctor's in "39.He was instructor and tutor in geography at Harvardin 1939, and has returned to teach there in the intervalsbetween his government posts. He has also served as afield investigator of the fish and wildlife service, U., S.Department of Interior, and consultant of the NationalResources - Planning Board.During the war, Ackerman was assistant chief incharge of topographic intelligence, Europe-African divi­sion, Office .of Strategic Services, 1941-44.At the University, Ackerman will specialize in theFar East, resource utilization, and on geographic aspectsof international relations. An expert in climatologicalclassification, he is author of New England's FishingIndustry, published by the University of Chicago Press.. PetpourlOther members of the faculty were also making newswith prizes.Dr. J. Garrott Allen, Associate Professor of Medicine,was awarded the $1,000 John J. Abel Prize by theAmerican Society for Pharmacology and ExperimentalTherapeutics for his discovery of toluidine blue forstDpping hemorrhage. The American Medical Associa­tion presented him also with the first prize and goldmedal for his exhibit; "Hemorrhagic. Disease Caused. byHeparinemia- Temporary Control by Toluidine Blue."Dr. Charles B. Huggins, Professor of Urology, alsoreceived a $1,000 prize from the American Urological 13Association for outstanding research on the physiology ofthe male reproductive track. .. Herbert Riehl, AssistantProfessor of Meteorology, received the Meisinger awardof the American Meteorological Society for outstandingcontributions based on his .studies of tropical meteorol­ogy .....Others were off to foreign lands to teach and doresearch. Tom ,F. W. Barth, Professor of Geochemistry,is in the Aleutian .Islands with the United States. G'eolog­ical Survey .... Leon Carnovsky, Professor of LibraryScience, served as a member of the faculty of the LibrarySection of UNE8CO in Manchester and London. . . .Norman MoQuo�n, Assistant Professor of Anthropology,is spending the summer in Guatemala reseaching theMayan languages .... Dr. C. Philip Miner, Professorof Medicine, was a senior scientist in the Office of Scienceand Technology in London. " . .. Thomas Park, Professorof Zoology, worked at Oxford on the biology of popula­tions and attended conferences in Leiden, Stockholm, andParis.Meteorologists Carl G. Rossby and Horace R. Byers _attended the International Geophysical union meeting.in Oslo. Rossby will remain in Stockholm for theAutumn Quarter as visiting professor at the SwedishMeteorological and Hydrological Institute and at theUniversity of Upsala .... Alfred E. Emerson spent threemonths in the Belgian Congo working on the behaviorof termites .... Theodore W. Schultz and D. Gale John­son of the Department of Economics, have just returnedfrom Frankfurt .and Berlin where they examined for. the War Department the economic controls and policiesconcerning food and agriculture in Germany .... Dr.Friedrich Wassermann, Professor of Anatomy, was in/Burope with the Unitarian Mission, and Robert J. Hav­ighurst, Professor of Education, has just left for Europeto serve as a consultant to the Rockefeller Foundation onthe work of the foundation in Central Europe. _Arid still others were elected to. office. Dr. WriglltAdams, Associate Professor of Medicine, was electedpresident of the Jackson ·Park branch .of the ChicagoMedical Society; Rudolph Carnap, Professor of Philos­ophy, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and. Sciences; Dr. Ralph W. Gerard, Professor of Physiology,member of the Pan-Hellenic Medical Society of Greece;Miss Dora Goldstine, Associate Professor in the Schoolof Social Service Administration, President of the Amer­.ican Association of Medical Social Workers; CharlesHartshorne, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Presidentof the Western division of the American PhilosophicalAssociation; Mrs. Thelma Porter, Chairman of theDepartment of Home Economics, President of the Chi­cago Nutrition Association; Dr. Stephen Rothman, Pro­fessor of Dermatology, President of the Society for. Investigative Dermatology; H. H. Strandskov, AssociateProfessor of Zoology, Secretary-Treasurer of the Human\Genetics Society of America. . . .ONE MANIS OPINIONThe University is approaching the start of its fifty­sixth year of operation and its twentieth under the ad­ministration of Chancellor Hutchins. The year past. wasas quiet and peaceful as, say, 1910 of the Judson era, andthe coming year promises to be just as serene internally.Itt might almost be contended that what the Universityneeds most" except money, is a good rousing argumentabout educational philosophy to prove it has not lost itscharacteristic vitality.Dr, Harper opened the University ·with the singingof the doxology in the still uncompleted Cobb Hall.There will be no doxology this year, for the studentbody is too big to <concentrate in any hall, but there isat least the new Administration Building still resounding I,with craftsmen. A block south on EUis Avenue the newcancer research hospital is in its prelsminary stages. Ablock to the north the foundations are being pouredfor the new laboratory of the Institute of Nuclear,Science, and the adjacent "accelerator" building' isready for the huge steel castings of its big cyclotron.Nothing on the quadrangles better symbolizes the changein the world between Octobr 1,_ 1892, and the presentday than these new appurtenances of the atomic age.Yet Dr. Harper probably would find the Universityconsistent .with his vision of it, for what it here todayrepresents but logical and necessary extensions of thedepartments he organized. The primary purposes of theUniversity are the same. The quality of its performancehas not deteriorated, and the freshness' and originalityof its approach have not been lost. Dr. Harper wasnot satisfied with the conduct of education in his dayand his purpose in organizing the University was topmve that radical improvement was possible. Althoughthe University has greatly jnfluenced education, it stillis not satisfied. Mr. Hutchins, for one, is notoriously·dissatisfied about education,Impressive and awesome as the nuclear scientists andtheir works may be, it is not the accelerator buildingbut the College that represents the U niversity's .most re­markabie educational idea in this fif.ty-sixth y.ear. Thatthe College occupies this position conforms to the Harpertradition; it is something that would not shock him.The reformation of undergraduate education wasspiritedly undertaken by Dr. Harper, who split the fouryears -into two parts, consisting of a junior and a seniorcollege. In the junior college a student was not tospecialize, but was to get what, by the -standards of 1892,was a broad liberal education. The purpose in 'establish­ing the College was to develop a program of. generaleducation, The need was greater than any Dr:' Harperever foresaw, for between 1892 and 1920 the in:creasingspecialization of knowledge and the mulaiplication of- courses was tremendous. And this process continued<during the -next decade, while the faculty at -Chicagowrestled with the 'solution. �. By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22As part of, its fiftieth anniversary observance, theSchool of Business held a luncheon last month at whichsome of the important industrial leaders of the middle­west expressed to their fellows and the faculty of theschool their idea of what business needed from educa­tion. The speakers were appreciative of the specialists-the statisticians, the accountants, the market analysts=-which schools of business produce. But what they. said they needed most were men with a good generaleducation, as wen as with specialized training. Thespecialization was enough for a foot-hold, but notenough for prog:ress in the general administrative areasof. business.The business men are not the only ones who talk ofthe necessity of general education. All the educatorsare talking about it, too, and there is a bewiJderingvariety of solutions being offered across the COuntry,Most of them are based on varying adaptions and patch­ing of the. standard curriculum. None of them as yethas admitted the necessity of devoting four years tothe job, and none has reached the conclusion of theCollege that the only way to get four years is to replacethe last two years of the College.This relocation of college education is necessary toget the four years required for a true general education Iand yet not prolong the academic process beyond all �reason for those who are also to take specialized or pro­fessional work. The country now seems committedto a permanent peacetime draft,. and presently is ask­ing- 21 months of their lives from young men of 18 to25. This demand emphasizes all the more the wisdom Iand logic of the College time scheme, for under thepresent arrangement there are not enough years forboth militar_y. servi.c_ e. and formal education.. I'Something has to go, and since the studies of innum-I erable educators have demonstrated that' the elementaryand secondary school process is too long and too repeti­tive, the obvious place for lopping i� below the collegelevel. Further, there is an apparent advantage in a stu­dent's completing his general education before he en­ters military service. This education is a unit; it oughtnot be interrupted. Since it is the kind of educationthat provides the means of reasoning, and independent,intelligent action, it is not, like a lot of specialized in­formation, an acquisition that will deteriorate from lackof use, even in the army or navy, where the opportuni­ties for independent thought are strictly limited.Few other organizations of higher education havethe freedom from traditionalism and inertia that theUniversity has always maintained. And so, thoughthe praise of general education grows louder, the de­cision to relocate .that education generally will be slowin coming. To take but one aspect of the meaning ofsuch a change: what would intercollegiate football belike if it depended on boys of 15 to. 18 years of age?)BartlettMrs. BuzzellMrs. Dickinson Frank K. Bartlett, '10, SM 'i3, MD'Rush'B, Ogden, Utah. Physician and surgeon.A modest but influential and respectedcitizen of Ogden for thirty-four years" re­fusing, honors as such but quietly support­ing those civic activities ministering to thehealth and happiness of his fellows. Ac­tive in volunteer training of Red Crossnurses and other war responsibilities. Trus­tee of First Presbyterian Church; chair­man, fund committee to erect a new build­ing and other important committees. Ac­tive in promotion of Shriner hospital forcrippled children and in improving hos­pital facilities.Mrs. Edgar G. Buzzell (Virginia Hen­kins, '13), Delavan. Wisconsin. Operator,with husband, of Glen Eyrie Farm forchildren. Instrumental in organizing andfirst president of the Community AdvisoryCouncil, €Oordinating all Delavan civicgroups. Church school superintendentand teacher in Congregatioaal Church. Ac­tive in state and countv American Asso­ciation of University Women. Chartermember, Joint Committee on Education inWisconsin; former member, state commit­tee of the Wisconsin Recreation Lead­ers' Laboratory. Chairman, Beloit Asso­ciation Committee for War Victims andReconstruction.Mrs. Ruth Allen Dickinson, '15, Hins­dale, Illinois An effectively active, civic­minded member of the Hinsdale commu­nity; a moving spirit in providingHinsdale with a community housefor yourrg people's activities as wellas adults'. Chairman, Hinsdale Rec­reational Commiteee: member Board of'Governors, Hinsdale Community House.Member of the Hinsdale School Board andof the Hinsdale Woman's Club. Member,Board of Directors of Dupage County Faro­Hy Service Association.Joseph B. Hall, '21, Cincinnati, Ohio.President, the Kroger Company (groceries).Chairman, Ohio Food Conservation Com­mittee and of the Ohio Fire Safety Com­mittee. Member, Savings Bond AdvisoryCommittee for Ohio; President, Cincinnati Citizens' Development Committee. Mem­ber, Executive Committee, Cincinnati AreaCouncil of the Boy Scouts of America.Member, Board of Trustees, Cincinnati In­stitute of Fine Arts and member of theBoard of Directors, Cincinnati Chamber ofCommerce, Community Chest, Better Busi­ness Bureau. Member of the VocationalGuidance Committee of the Y.M.C.A.Henry Favill Tenney, '13, JD'15, Win­netka, Illinois. Partner, legal firm of Ten­ney, Sherman, Rogers, and Guthrie. For­mer trustee and President of the Villageof Winnetka. Chairman, Chicago Chap­ter of the American Red Cross; Directorand member of the Executive Committeeand Red Cross Blood Bank. Trustee ofWesley Memorial Hospital. Vice presidentand member of the Board of the Citi­zens' Civil Service Association; member,Executive Committee and chairman of thesubcommittee on medical plan for Chi­cago.Nonnan Carr Paine, '13, MD Rush '18,Glendale, California. Physician and sur­geon. Past president and member of theBoard of Directors of the GlendaleY.M.CA.' Member of Advisory Board,Y.W.C.A. and chairman of their highlysuccessful building fund campaign. Pub­licity chairman for Glendale Junior Col­lege bond election which was successfulafter former failures. Member, First Pres­byterian Church where he teaches a boys'class. Active in Community Chest andRed Cross campaigns. A leader in andcontributor to all character-building andcharitable organizations.Hurnard J. Kenner, '10, New Rochelle;New York. For twenty-six years CeneralManager, Better Business Bureau of NewYork City (retired, May 1, 1948). Trustee,New Rochelle Library and president of theBoard during a critical period. Member,Board of Managers, American Bible So­ciety. Member of the Board of Trusteesand president for two years of the F'ir�tPresbyterian Church of New Rochelle. Di­rector. Trade Practice Division, RetailCode Administration in 1934. M�miber,Mayor's Planning and Advisory Committeeof W.P.A. 1935-38.Hall Tenney15 'Paine KennerCOMMUNISM IN EUROPE AND AA, BRIT·ISH OPI'NION:U. S. civilby By GORDON K.1EYVIS�'1liberties ere endangeredinquisitorial climate of opiruon'T' HE British Labour Cabinet's Investigation, initi­ated last March, of Communists and Fascists in thrCivil Service has much in it of -interest to Ameri­cans concerned over the increasingly precarious placeof the public servant in the American way of life.Neither the Government nor the Opposition bas beenhappy about making availability for public service de­pendent upon the political beliefs of candidates; it issignificant that in the debate on the measure last springMr, .Stanley, speaking for the Conservative view, wasanxious at once to pour· scorn upon Mr. Gallacher'scharge that it was intended to outlaw the CommunistParty and to insist upon adequate safeguards in thequasi-judicial procedures involved. There has been noeffort to in troduce the vicious doctrine of guilt by associ­ation; it is. insisted that membership of a Communistor Fascist organization is not SO much proof of disloyaltyas prima fade evidence of a. divided allegiance whichbecomes of grave import once its possessor has accessto important information in matters of high state. Nordoes it argue, as does the Federal Loyalty Review Boardin its December statement, that those who advocatechange by unconstitutional means should he denied pub­·lie offiee; for so to do creates. a thought-pattern in whichit would he difficult for most of the 55 men of revolu­tionary Philadelphia to claim a right to a Congressionalseat or a departmental office.No "front':' group blacklistIt does insist, primarily, that acceptance of publicduty implies' some relinquishment of normal civil lib­erties. The civil servant cannot run for political office,Gordon K. Lewis is a Visiting Lecturer on Sociel Science; in the Colleqe, He received his academic training in Gr;eat.BrHa,in, taking a BA in history in the, University or Wales [n_l91()'.vAfter t�e war (he served ,in the British army) he re­:.c:;:�tv�aca graq1uate degree at Oxrordin 194;7, and a travel­iing fellowship from the University of Wales in the sameyear. cannot criticize his minister's policies in public, untilrecently could not affiliate with outside trade-unionbodies. There is now added to these prohibitions anypossibility of appointment or promotion to high de­partmental posts of employees with proven member­ship in organizations known to entertain loyalties toforeign groups.There will be no black list of "front" organizations;the Communist technique. of quiet infiltration is toosecret and widespread to make the method safe. Therewill be no thoroughgoing investigation of all governmentemployees similar to the FBI investigations; such scrutinywill be confined to positions involving responsible trustin the few vital departments. For compromise mustsomehow be achieved between the Scylla of a permittedliberty which becomes, for some men, liberty to destroy .liberty, and the Charybdis of a complete denial ofIiberty which must assume infallibility in those whoshape the criteria of denial.The distinction is best made in this field, I think,by the separation, first, of executive - administrativegrades from the lower grades �ithin each departmentand, secondly, of vital departments from less vital de­partments. The Communist and Fascist is' still allowedto serve in the latter categories; indeed, they ought tohe astounded, as the Prime Minister remarked, at themoderation of a decision which proposes to retain themin the state service except in a very limited numberof posts. Outside that limit, their creed does not con­demn them of an incapacity to exercise the civic virtues,The procedures involved correspond in details tothose developed by Mr. Richardson's Washington Board.There is the same hierarchyof investigation by detectiveenquiry, presentation ofcharges to the individualofficer, permitted reply tocharges, final scrutiny bothby the departmental headand by an im.partial tri­bunal.The accused win have(Continued on Page 18) What I5 wronghandle our COl16ERICA - A COMPARATIVE VIEWA SWEDISH OPlNIONBy GUNNAR �ECKSCHERDomestic red-belting is weakeningU. S. position of world lesdershipWIT1H a hi-partisan foreign policy accepted by.the major parties in the United States; fromthe European point of view no. hopes Dr fears can,be expressed with regard to. the coming Americanelections. Swedes, like the great majority of those Euro­peal]. peoples who. are free to. express an opinion, fer­vently hope for : nothing more than further consistentpursuit of that policy under whatever administrationmay result from the elections. And, their interest inAmerican domestic policy is simply that the UnitedStates should be economically and politically strongenough to. carry the burden placed on its shoulders bythe devastation and disintegration of Europe. This alsoseems to. be a point of agreement between Americanparties, however much they may disagree with regardsto. the means most' useful to attain their purpDse.The question of Communists, on the other hand, pre­sents particular interest to, the European observer.Sweden has had more than 25 years' experience withCommunists i� national as well as IDeal politics. Theyare our smallest party, Still, they hold 15 seats out of 230in the retiring legislature, and in the municipal electionsof 1946 they polled about ten per cent of the vote. Theyare also very active in the labor unions.l:nHmate with MoscowThe leadership of the unions, with the exception of DneDr two IDeals, lies safely in the hands Df Social Demo­crats, but the Communists have been very active in try­ing with indifferent success to. create labor unrest, andwould undoubtedly gainmuch strength within theunions in case of a ma jordepression. The relationshipof the party to' MDSCDWseems to' be very intimate,and on no. occasion has theSwedish CDmmunist pressseen fit to' dissociate itselffrom ,the meanderings ofwith t'he way we,munist problem? Russian policy, Our experience also. seems to' show us that,while the majority of its voters undoubtedly consists ofhonest workers more Dr less temporarily dissatisfiedwith the policy Df the Social Democratic Party Dr unionleaders, still the Communist Party is a fertile recruitingground for spies and saboteurs working in the interestof the Soviet U nion. .Reds not outlawedBut in spite of these facts, there is today general co�­sensus in Sweden against the idea of outlawing theCommunist Party.There are two main reasons for this attitude. In thefirst place, it is felt that the right of every citizen to'decide what political opinions he win hold, howeverunreasonable, is too valuable to' be relinquished becauseof the action of any particular party. And in the secondplace, European experience tends to' show that Com­munists might be more dangerous underground' thanwhen they are allowed to' come DUt in the open. Inthe latter case, they have to' argue in public and theirarguments can be publicly refuted; if they work under­ground; refutation is much more difficult. It is inter­esting to' note that the Communist Party in Finlandachieved great success in the first election after the war,having previously been outlawed for twenty years, where';''as they suffered serious setbacks in the election thisyear, when the Finnish people had had an opportunityto' study the Communist Party in action,,Personally, I feel no sympathy for Communists. Ifind it difficult to' believe that a person can be both in­(Continued on Page 19)Gunnar Heckscher spent the past summer at the Uni­versH� as Visiting Professor of Scandanavian ,Cu!tura! His­tory .. He is a member of the faculty of the University ofStockholm and Director of the School of Sociel Work. Hehas been a member of five royal commissions.' and is noweducational advisor to the board of prisons in Sweden. Heis the euthor of several books. on politica:1 theory andhistory.1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECOMMUNISM-Biritish View(Oontinued from Page 16)access to as much of the evidence as security permits.He will be able to call counsel." There are dangers here,of course. It is not clear whether he will be able toface his accusers. Equally, it is not clear to what ex­tent the whole thing will breed the ugly phenomenonof the informer, itself the result of that police-mentalitywhich, even in well-mannered England, as the Savidgecase makes clear, is not as tender as it might be withcivil liberties. "Mr. W. J. Brown has aptly quotedTrotsky's saying that the police mind, although ex­tremely accurate, is often highly stupid. But the factthat, first, the individual cabinet minister, unlike theAmerican cabinet officer, will be subject to the ordealof direct questioning in the Commons and that, secondly,an official against whom charges have been successfullypressed will be granted the option of resignation or re­moval to another post or department diminishes thesedangers somewhat. The first means that the ministeris constantly available to legislative enquiry, enquiry,moreover, with none of the raucous indignities char­acteristic of too many congressional committee hear­ings. The second, in turn, means that the nasty habitof "smear" which makes alternative employment inprivate fields so hazardous for a dismissed governmentemployee is made practically impossible. In any case,a "socialist state is in SOl .much need of trained public/ "servants that their dismissal becomes a luxury noteasily afforded. Of the forty odd civil servants affectedthis year by the measures not one, as far as I know,has left the service.No I.oya.lty boerdsThe important differences between the British andAmerican practices. emerge in the roles played by therelevant" advisory committees and in the problem ofthe divulgence of loyalty reports. In the British case,there are no departmental loyalty boards, only an over­all advisory" board of three eminent and retired civilservants. The individual minister alone has, the powerto take action after· hearings, thus placing the responsi­bility where, constitutionally, it should reside, fai� andsquare on the shoulders of the minister, For he possessesknowledge of the special problems of his staff not easilygiven.to outside boards, and he alone enjoys that depart­mental pride which so often makes the political head thebest champion of his officials.The question of divulging loyalty reports is of im­mense importance. I t has two aspects: first, that ofpermitting the accused 1;0 see charges in fuil ; secondly,that of permitting legislative committees access to thereports of the loyalty boards.. Security obviously requires some sort" of secrecy inthe first. All I would urge is that the definition of whatconstitutes secret information should lie almost com­pletely in the hands of the civilian authorities. Military men are too apt to want to keep everything away fromwhat they regard as the inquisitive idiocy of civilianminds.Rabid witch-huntOn the second issue, Mr. Attlee has declined tomake private loyalty reports public, just as Mr. Tru­man has declined to make departmental loyalty filesavailable to congressional committees; and for thesame reason: it protects an official from undesirablepublicity which may well jeopardize both characterand career. Of course, it is patent that such reportsmust be made available to senatorial committees intheir exercise of sharing the appointing power. Thesame necessity is not so urgent, surely, in the case ofa House committee which, like the Thomas example,has shown itself, as in the affair of Doctor Condon, lessinterested in probing the dangers of treason than inorganizing a rabid witch-hunt against liberalism ingovcrnmen t.That, indeed, is the heart of the matter. Freedom,ultimately, depends less on law than opinion. That iswhy, in the redevelopment of Mosleyite Fascism inBritain, I think it unlikely that its legal outlawrywould at all eliminate a movement which, as' RebeccaWest has recently shown, is composed of ugly irration­alisms most easily susceptible to judicial notice. Youcannot legislate freedom of the mind; American statutebooks are full of measures, like the obscenity laws, whichillustrate the futility of insisting that there be a lawabout it. In the case of the Communist we ought tobe even more careful before we assume that he hasnothing to contribute to the national life for he isin the stream of all those groups which, historically,have made protest, in terms of rational principle, againstsocial and economic injustice: enslaved Negro, populistfarmer, syndicalist worker.A few blaek sheepI cannot see myself that even the advocacy of violentoverthrow of government-which, it is worth noting,is not a Communist doctrine-is dangerous. If it benot direct incitement, it scarcely damages authority.If it gains few converts, a�y government can afforda few black sheep in the family group.If it ,he urged, however, that it undermines confidencein government there are at least two answers to thecharge. There is, first, the consideration that the habit"of obedience,' from sheer inertia, is always in favor ofestablished authority and that any widespread deviationfrom that habit is almost certainly evidence of equallywidespread grievance within the social life. From thatview, the Communist, if he gains support, is less a causethan a result. The conspiratorial view of him as adangerous agitator fails to perceive that he becomesdangerous only to the degree that beneath the smokehe creates there is real fire.And, secondly, there is the consideration that allTHE UNIVER.SITY OF CHiCAGO MAGAZINE 19governments tend to identify confidence with conformity.All criticism then becomes treason in their eyes. Theydub "disloyal" all who carl attention to the inadequaciesof the national life. That is clear from a congressionaltemper which is ready to' employ the dubious testimonyof selfsconfessed spies to damage public servants whosesole crime, so far as we know, has been to support theunorthodox policies of the New Deal.Inquisitorial climate hereWhen an eminent official is driven to resign becausehis daughter is employed at the Tass Agency; when mereacquaintanceship with Communists is equated withapprobation of Communist doctrine; when wives ofpublic servants are secretly questioned in' order, pre�sumably, to exact contradiction of their husbands' sworntestimony, it becomes clear that we have moved intoa climate of opinion essentially inquisitorial. It is aclimate which, in wartime, may be justifiable but eventhen, as the Gobi tis case shows, may sacrifice religiousfreedom to national cohesion.In peacetime it is even less excusable. For it thenbecomes a method, as the case of the Hollywood writ­ers reveals, of breeding a loud patriotism in whicheach of us tends to become a "booster" or remain silent.It thereby betrays the essense of the democratic dogma,the insistence, to begin with, of Rousseau's remark thatif you want men to love their country, you must maketheir country lovely and the insistence, to end with, ofProfessor Trevelyan's remark that if you do not listento John Woolman in the one century, you will have tolisten to John Brown in the next. We dare not affordto forget those wisdoms.COMMUNISM-Swedish Viiew(Continued from Page 17)telligent, honest and a Communist at the same time.The honest Communist tends: to be stupid or badly in�formed; the intelligent Communist is frequently' dis­honest.Nor am I a Socialist. As long as I have had thevote, I have been a convinced if' somewhat unorthodoxmember of the Conservative Party, and I am goinghome to' vote for that party in the coming elections.In spite of that, I cannot help feeling concern over theattitude taken by a great section of American opinionon the Communist question ; and this for two reasons ..The deep sympathy I fed for the American nation,_and which is shared by the greater' part of Swedish aswell as other European public opinion, is caused not bythe economic success achieved by the United States, norby any racial ties. It is caused by the fact that the U nitedStates today represents. the great alternative to Com­munist dictatorship-the alternative of civil liberty andpolitical democracy. It seems to' he of almost self-evidentimportance that the principles of civil liberty and politicaldemocracy should he maintained without reservations by the nation to which so many European peoples are look­ing for leadership.The maintenance of this alternative is more importantthan any question ef economic policy. The aim of unit­ing the free poples of Europe against the threat of dic-'tatorship corning from the East-and this is the secondreason for my concern-is the crucial question of con­temporary Western politics. It can be achieved only withthe United States, and it is as much in the interest ofthe. United States as of Europe that it is achieved. Forthat, purpose, mutual good-will is necessary, and suchgood-will is net created in Europe through financial aidalone.f . Red smear denqerousIn Sweden as in so many other European countries,Social Democrats and other Radicals are among theJltaunchest opponents of Communist dictatorship, just asConservatives, like Hambro in Norway and ChristmasIMoeller in Denmark, were the staunchest opponents of:Fascism. However much I may disagree with these Rad­icals in matters of economic policy, I have to recognizethe fact that their cooperation is indispensable to achievethe supremely important aims just mentioned. In spiteof their sometimes rather obvious distrust ef certain fea­tures' of American social policy, it alsO' seems obvious thattheir cooperation can be won in the long run: they canhe expected to make the necessary distinctions betweeneconomic policy and the maintenance of civil liberty.However, it becomes immeasurably more difficult to gaintheir cooperation, if, in the United States, Socialists, Lib­erals, and even some people who in Europe would becalled .Progrcssive Conservatives, are to be smeared withred paint.The European observer cannot presume to' volunteerany opinion on what the United States should do withproved Communists or what economic policies it sho�ldpursue. But the maintenance in the United States ofdistinctions between social and economic radicalism onthe one hand and 'leanings toward Communist dicta tor­ship on the other which we demand of European rad­icals, is required of' American conservatives as well. Thisis a matter of international as well as domestic politicsand would seem t<;> be far more important to the worldas a, whole than any immediate election concerns.NExr MONTH:ONE. CONTINUAL SWINGStudent acfivities from the days of, Harper with plc­tures to matchBULBS ON THE McKENZIEAn alumnus with th'ree millio:n builbs and hailf a minioncut flowers'HAMLET AND THE, WAGES OF REASONBy Don Cameron Allen. visiting professor of Englishfrom Johns Hopkins 'ANCIENT ARTS AND NEW IDEAS ,"The people in fhe Lorado Taft studiosSOPHON:1SBA BRECKINRIDGESophonisba Preston Breckinridge, theFirst Lady of the School of Social ServiceAdministration, no. longer walks the cam­pus. The dynamic figure who for nearlyhalf a century pioneered in the funda­mental social. reforms that today are es­tablished in the American philosophy, diedJu�y 30, 1948. .But "Brecky" to the countless numbers ofpeople helped by her' work, and to thethousands of students inspired by her ex­ample, will always be a living force.It was 28 years ago when she first in­corporated the old Chicago School of Civicsand Philanthropy into the University ofChicago to establish the world's, most out­standing school of social work. In es­tablishing the school, she had insisted thather former student, Miss Edith Abbott, bemade dean. "A before B," she said, Shewould stay on to teach and eventuallyhold the Samuel Deutsch. Professorship inpublic welfare administration.Natural causes. A direct descendant of Patrick Henry,It was only natural that Miss Breekiaridge,as well as members of her family, wouldfind causes. Her father, Willliam CampbellPreston Breckinridge, served five terms inCongress from Kentucky, and his cousin,John Cabell Breckinridge, was, at thirty­five, vice-president with Buchanan, theyoungest ever to hold that office.It was even more natural that she choseas her cause social reforms and the im­provement of standards of social servicework as a science and . profession, for shehad been carefully trained as a lawyer,a social worker, and a student of social,Industzial and polirical problems.When she was graduated from Wellesleyin 1888 she entered her father's, office toread law and earned the distinction of'being the first woman admitted to the Ken­tucky bar. In 1901 she took her doctor ofphilosophy degree in political science atthe University of Chicago and in 1904 wasthe first woman to receive the law degreefrom the University, To add to her list of"firsts" was the honor of being the first ofher sex to be elected to ·Coif.Legal research interested her most. Shesoon became engrossed in the study of thesocial aspects of the law, in labor legisla­tion, and then in social welfare legislation.Recognition of the need for social work inthe courts and the protection of the systemthrough civil service were gains furtheredby her powerful influence. She did muchfor the improvement of the immigrant andbecame .a potent force in forming the poli­cies and controls of services caring for theinsane, the blind, and the dependent. Miss B'reckinridgieShe was a member of the committee onnational, state and local organization forthe. Care of the Handicapped, a programof the Third White House Conference onChild Health and Protection. .She servedas chairman of the League of Women Vot­eIS 'Committee, Legal Status of Women,from 1'92.8 to 19M, and as chairman of. theAmerican Association of Schools of SocialResearch.An lnterne+Icnel figurePresident Franklin D. Roosevelt sent herto the Pan-American conference in Monte­video in 1933-the first woman to representthe United States in an international con­ference-and. flew back on a trip of "eightconsecutive days. Several of the men whostarted with her had to stop over for rest,but the morning after she arrived she wasback in classes teaching.Several international conferences werelater attended by Miss Breckinridge: theSeventh International Conference of Amer­ican States in 1935; the International Peni­tentiary Congress; the last two meetings ofthe International Congress of Child Welfareheld in 'Geneva and Paris; and the last'session of the Irrternationas Conference onSocial Work, at which she served as vice­president of the public welfare section. She regarded not only as an honor but atrust her membership on the boards of theImmigrants Protective League, the Amer_ican Association of University Professorgthe American Economic Association, andthe American Political Science Association.At her official retirement from ..the Un],versity in 1934 she had much to show forher years on the campus. She had au,thored the first Case Book on Family Wel.,fare Work, and a collection of PublicDocuments for Social Workers, dealingwith Public Welfare Administration. Shewas joint editor with Dean Emeritus EdithAbbott of the Social Service :Review.Elected to Phi Beta Kappa, she was alsohonored by three universities conferringthe LL.D. degree; Oberlin in 1919; theUniversity of Kentucky in 1925 and Tu­lane University in 1939."The work of the world"After her retirement she continued togo daily to her office in the Social ScienceBuilding to answer her mail and to COn_tinue her campaigns in social welfare legis_lation.The sight of "Brecky" plodding along acampus walk on a hot summer day, Oragainst the gusty winter winds off LakeMichigan, weighed down with an enorm,ous armful of books, impelled students torush to her with offers of assistance whichwere firmly refused .. She refused even topermit anyone to help her on with her'coat or to perform any other of the littlegestures of assistance. Never robust, sheweighed no more than ninety pounds fol'y�ars, but her frail appearance was decep_trve."The work of the world is not done bygoing to bed when you are sleepy," sheonce observed to a colleague. She was re­lentless with herself, never admitting inword or gesture that there is such a thingas weariness. Unlike most teachers, shenever had a "reader" for any of the papersher students wrote; she read everyone her,self.In her teaching this rigorous self-disc],pline was reflected in her talent for mak_ing the students think she expected greatthings of them, and their attitude was that. they were letting her down if they skimpedor cut corners in their work.Thousands of alumni of the School chej-,ish their personal relationship with MissBreckinridge. They and the present gen.eration of students went to her for the In,sight which her brilliant and penetratinganalysis provided. And they always foundboth intelligence and interest.HARRY A. MILLISHarry Alvin Millis, Professor Emeritusof Economics at the University, and widely­known authority on labor economics andpublic finance, died of a stroke June 24,1948. .Professor Millis retired from teaching in1938, but his days during the last decadehave been spent in active service to thepublic and the University.In 1938 he served on President Roose­velt's fact-finding board, provided by theNational Railway Labor Act. The sameyear, he was appointed director of theAgricultural Economic' Foundation at theUniversity. From 1940 to 1945 he was chairman ofthe National Labor Relations Board. In1945 he accepted the chairmanship of thetrade board of the Men's Clothing Indus­try in Chicago.Until his last Illness, he was conductinga 'study. of national labor policy on aRockefeller Foundation grant and servingas senior adviser on the staff of the In­dustrial Relations Center at the University.Mililiis received his bachelor's and mas­ter's degrees from the University of In­diana in ,1895 and 1896 respectively, andhis doctor of philosophy degree in eco­nomics at the University of Chicago in1898.· Before joining the _l\{idway facultyin 1916, he had taught at Arkansas, Stan-20 ford, and Kansas Universities. He waspresident of the American Economics As,sociation in 1934 and holder of honorarydegrees from Lawrence College and In­diana and North Carolina Universities.He was' author of The Japanese Prob:lem in the United States, Sickness andHealth, and Labor Economicsy writtenwith R. E. Montgomery.Surviving Professor Millis are his widowMrs. Alice Miltis, of Chicago, and thre�children, John S. Millis, president of theUniversity of Vermont, Mrs. Savilla MillisSimons, of the international welfare di­vision, Federal Security Agency, and MissCharlotte M. Millis, Chicago sculptress.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21FRANCIS L. "PUG" LUNDThe depr-ess Lon period was a good time to be going to theUniversity of Minnesota instead of trying to get a job. Thingswere somewhat better when I'was graduated in 1935, but thedecision I had to make "about my future was still a difficult one.The possibilities ranged from pl�ying professional foot­ball to selling life insurance. A number of insurance com­panies appr-oached me, but I was, stubbornly blind to the oppor­tunities in that field. Having maj o r-ed in bus Lnes s administra­tion, I felt there was a greater future in a' sales job with alarge automobile manurae tur-er-, That's the job I t.ook ,1t was a good one, providing excellent experience and asubstantial salary. However, as the years went along, I oftenw01,1dered about the permanency of my future in such a dynamicbusiness. Was I building 'any thing of my own?When the war curtailed car sales, it didn't take me longto decide on a career of life insupance. It offered me a busi­ness of my own, with never a r ear fo·r secur-I ty as long as Iworked, and richly rewarding compensation in direct proportionto my efforts. As the company I wanted to live with the restof my life, I chose the New England Mutual.Since January 1942, except for almost three years in theservice, I have been thoroughly enjoying every day of lifeLnsur-ance., I can, honestly say f,here hasn't been a singledisappointment in my decision.GRADUA'rES of our Home Office training courses,practically all of them new to the life insurancebusiness, are selling at a rate which produces aver­age first-year incomes of $3600. The total yearlyincome on such sales, with renewal commissionsadded, will average $5700. Facts' such as thesehelped "Pug" Lund solve his career problem. Ifyou'd like to know more, write Mr. H. G. Chaney,Director of Agencies, New England Mutual LiIfeInsurance Company, 501 Boylston se., Boston �7,Massachusetts. Founded in 1835, the New England Mutual' Is the fir,st mutual lifeInsurence company chartered in America. From the start its ideal has'been that of complete mutuaUty�a company owned by fhe policy­holders and operated! for their benefi't. In this spirit of service, i,thas always been a leader in pioneering the IIliberalization/� of insur­ance procedure, provisions and methods. lnsusenee in force newexceeds $2� biUions. .Du,ring its business life, New England Mutual,has paid to policyholders more then $1 billion, of which nearly $300millions have been ,dividends.NEWS OF THE CLASSES1890Andros Carson, MD (Rush) from DesMoines, Iowa, reports he is still practisingmedicine after 58 years.1893Edward O. Sisson writes from Carmel,California: "I am more and more proudof having had the foresight to join up withthe University of Chicago at the verystart. I still meet semi-occasionally oldstudents from The South Side Academy,which I organized in �892 and which wonnot a few scholarships at the University;it was later merged into the UniversityHigh School. Although 'emeritus' since1'939, I am not flat Oft the shelf: seePhilosophical Review article, March, "Whatis Philosophy?"; and one appearing in theJuly issue of Journal of Philosophy­"Things, Images, Ideas."11895'Thomas Z. Ball, MD (Rush) is taking iteasy on account of his health at themoment. However, a long active careerin medscine at home and abroad in peaceand in war preceded this rest. He is aveteran of both the Spanish American Warand World War I. He served two yearsin the Philippine Islands as a contractsurgeon with the United States Army. For53 years he was active in general practicein Montgomery County, Indiana. Manyof these years were spent serving ascoroner. During World War II he wasexamining physician for Selective Service.His affiliations with medical associationsinclude membership in the Association ofMilitary Surgeons, United States PublicHealth, Indiana State Medical Society, theAmerican Medical Association, and thestaff of the Montgomery County. Hospital. 1898George L. White, DB '03, AM '04, isnow director of the Spanish-AmericanBaptist Seminary in Los Angeles. He hasbeen delivering a series of lectures on re­ligion in Mexico after spending five monthssouth of the border studying religiousconditions.1901Jacob N. Anderson, BD, of Lincoln,Nebraska, writes that he spent eight yearsas a missionary in China after leaving theMidway. He returned to the United Statesbecause of illness in the family and taughtcollege until his retirement:1,90'2Anne L. Dodge (Mrs. William R. Kerr)and her husband. '03, saw tradition beingcarried on: when their granddaughter,Nancy Kerr, took her/degree on the campuslast June. .David Allen Rebertson retired in Juneas president of Goucher College, Balti­more, Maryland.190'3After a distinguished career of teachingEnglish at Wayne University, Detroit,Elizabeth E. Gardner has retired and, isliving in Claremont, California.Wynn N. Garlick drove away from hisLong Beach curb last March 15 for a three­month tour of America during which timehe visited the Russian departments ofmajor universities in the' south, east, andthe mid-northern route back to California.This interest grew out of his occupationalinterest (since retiring from 20 years ofteaching English in. the Long Beach schools:elementary Russian language.) During thewar he tutored Russians, stationed inLong Beach, . in English and students of California Tech in the Russian language.Since the War he has continued the privateteaching of Russian. He had previouslyvisited Russia in 1937. Mr. Garlick droppedin at Alumni House on his return tothe coast. It was quite a trip for a manof 70 summers while his wife remainedat home to supervise the remodeling oftheir home. He extends a cordial invita­tion to all alumni visiting southern Cali­fornia to drop in at his home: 295 Kenne­bec Avenue.1904Esther E. Bjornberg, MA '14, retired in1946 after 37 years as a deaconess in theMethodist Church. During that period,she was also on the fa cui ty of the. ChicagoTraining School as instructor, supervisor offield work, and registrar. Since 1934 she·served as recorder for the Garrett BiblicalInstitute.Alfred R. Hedrick who is retired fromthe Portland High School service, is teach­ing at Lewis and Clark College, Portland,Oregon.1905William J. Bradley, MA, has retired asprofessor of history at Mercer University,He is now living at Round Oak, Georgia.1906Edward A. Miller, MA, PhD '15, cele­brated his eighty-second birthday May 19.He is living in Bay City, Michigan, andwintering in Winter .Park, Florida. He'writes: "I was Bob Hutchins' dean for twoyears at Oberlin College. He is still afraidof me."s. V. Norton of Detroit was on thequadrangles in May. He was in town toattend the annual reunion of the class of1900 .of the old Chicago Manual TrainingSchool-the school which later became a_ rCALENDARFriday, October 1LECTURE-"Milton and the Classics," E. M. W. Tmyard, Mas­ter of Jesus College, Cambridge" Oriental Institute, 055 )East58th Street, 4:30 P.M. Free.Monday, October 4.LE-GTURE-"World Crisis in European Opinion," Jean AntoineStoetzel, President of the World Congress of Public OpinionResearch, Social Science Building, Room 1'22, 4:3·0 P.M. Free.Wednesday, October 6LECTURE-"The Rise of Political Rationalism," Louis Cott­schalk, Professor of Modern History, University of Chicago,Social Science Building, Room 122, 7:�0 P.M. 82c.Wednesday, October 13LECTURE-"The Fall of Political Rationalism," Louis Gott­schalk, Professor of Modern History, University of Chicago,Social Science Building, Room 122, 7:30 P.M,. 82c.Monday, . October 18LECTURE-"The Economic Role of the State," W. H. Orton,Professor .of Economics at Smith College. (Walg,reen Lecture.]Social Science Building, Room 122. 4:30 P.M; Free..". Wednesday, October 20LECTURE"':"'The Economic Role of {he State;" W. H. Orton.Pri)£e�sot' of Economics at . Smith ··College. (Walgreen Lecture.)Social Science Building, Room 122. 4:30 P.M.. Free. LECTURE-"The Idea of Natural Rights," Louis Gottschalk,Professor of Modern History, University of Chicago, SocialScience Building, Room 122, 7:30 P.M. 82c.Thursday, October 21LECTURE-"The Artist as a Human Being," Katherine AnnePorter, noted American novelist. Mandel Hall, 8:30 P.M. Free.Friday, October 22LBCTURE-"The Economic Role of the State," W. H. Orton,Professor of Economics at Smith College. (Walgreen Lecture.)Social Science Building, Room 122. 4:30 P.M.- Free.Monday, October 25LECTURE-"The Economic Role of the State," W. H. Orton�Professor of Economics at Smith College. (Walgreen Lecture.)Social Science Building, Room 122. 4:30 P.M. Free.Wednesday, October 27LECTURE-"The Economic Role of the State," W. H. Orton,Professor of Economics at Smith College. (Walgreen Lecture.)Social -Science Building, Room 122, 4:30 P.M. Free.LECTURE-"Concepts of Natural Governments: Aristocratic,"Louis Gottschalk, Professor of Modern History, University ofChicago, Social Science Building, Room 122, 7:30' P.M. 82c., Friday, October 29LECTURE-f'The Economic Role of the State," W. H. Orton,. Professor of Economics at. Smith College. (Walgreen Lecture.jSocial Science Building, Room 122, 4:30 P.M. Free.22CORDIER COND'UCTINGAnxious peoples all over the globe arefocusing their eyes on the Paris meetingof the United Nations General Assemblythis fall. Andrew Cordier, MA'23,PhD'26,is particularly concerned for as AssistantSecretary General of the U.N. he has thejob of organizing and directing the session.Cordier comes well primed for his rolewith his background of intensive researchin world social problems, first-hand knowl­edge- of people and wide experience inpractical diplomacy.Years ago when he was preparing lecturematerial for his classes in economics andsociology at Indiana University and theUniversity of Chicago, Cordier began thesocial research that is serving him in suchgood stead now. In the 1920's and 1930'she managed to travel through most ofEurope, with frequent stop-overs inGeneva to attend League of Nations ses­sions. In 1938 he covered the groundfrom Sudetanland to Munich studyingthose countries already shadowed by theNazis. Some of the research was doneunder State Department sponsorship.Cordier's formal association with theState Department dates from 1944 when heserved. on a committee dealing with theinternational security problem. The fol­lowing year he was close at hand at theSan Francisco Conference where he wastechnical advisor to the United Statesdelegation.After the conference, he went to Lon­don as chief of section of the Prepara­tory Commission of the United Nationsand was adviser to the President of theAssembly, Doctor Spock.When his duties in Europe ceased, hereturned to Lake Success to serve as ex­ecutive of all assemb]i�s. Less formally,he sees that all assemblies, including the HEADLINERSgeneral and smaller assemblies, are organ­ized, and that administratively all goeswell.From his choice vantage point, the As­sistant Secretary General has some valuableadvice for the private citizen who wantsto make his influence felt on the floor ofthe General Assembly. He suggests thatthe proceedings be followed in the publicpress or official transcripts of the sessionsand that proposals for improving proce­dure or changing policy be sent in bygroups to the Secretariat.Cordier laments the fact that the mostimportant instrument for peace in theworld today has a yearly budget of lessthan half the cost of a battleship. Hishope is that people will realize a great dealmore financial backing is required to makethe U.N. function to full capacity.D'ESIGNER. D:EVISOR AND DONSet designer for the Great White Way,modeler of Navy training devices duringthe war, and art teacher at the largestwomen's college in the world-these arethe varied facets of Charles Elson's ('32)artistic talent.Last season with his striking decors in"The First Mrs. Fraser" and "The Cupof Trembling," Elson marked off histwenty-eighth Broadway set design. Theconfidence of Donald Oenslager, who hadtaught him design at Yale, and had helpedhim to land his first Broadway assignment,was well placed.In another part of Gotiham, Elson isoccupied with the job of teaching costumeand stage designing at Hunter College forWomen. This combination of pedagogyand practice is natural for Elson. Teach- ing assignments at the University of Iowaand the University of Oakland were pre­viously fitted in between shows with obvi­ous benefit to both audience and dass.DEGREES BY SHORT HORNSAfter receiving his Ph.D. degree at theJune . Convocation, Alfred W. Bowersdropped in at Alumni House before leav­ing for his farm at Stanley, North Dakota.Alfred has been around, educationally,geographically, and economically.Before coming to Chicago for his Mas­ter's (AM'29) he was a student at NorthDakota State Teachers COllege, the Uni­versity of Colorado, and Beloit (:8S).He was born on a quarter section ofland in Eastern Canada: later moved toKildeer, North Dakota, to operate hisuncle's six- to seven-thousand acre ranch.When his parents retired to Beloit hebought their thousand acre farm andadded another 3,500' acres where he rancattle and sheep. (some 1,600 of each.)The farm financed his climb in educa­tion although he and his wife had to re­tum during the War and run it almostsingle handed because of help shortage.In the meantime he had spent eightyears with the Department of Agriculturein North Dakota. -At Christmas time, 1946, Alfred returnedto the Midway to complete his doctoratein Anthropology. His thesis was a studyof two North Dakota Indian tribes, theMandan and Hidatsa.Since he personally knows the last ofthe Mandans: Chief Crowsheart, who is 92,Bowers will work on a biography of thisveteran of the Sioux Wars which Bowershopes to publish when it is completed.part of our laboratory schools. Of theoriginal class of 150 some thirty remain.Theyget together every May and Nortonnever misses the affair.1907Ada Harves, (Mrs. William Hinton)writes from Canton, Massachusetts, thatshe is the mother of two daughters andgrandmother of one grandchild. Garden­ing, civic affairs, and social welfare keeplife interesting. She is a member of theBoard. of Directors of the Family Societyof Greater Boston, vice-president of theHome for Aged Colored Women, and Di­rector of Canton Community Fund andCouncil.. Harry Jackson, MD, visited his daugh­ter, Ruth Jackson Velman, MA '28, in Cali­fornia this past year. Ruth's husband isteaching chemistry at the University ofCalifornia Agriculture College at Davis,California.1908Clinton J. Davisson, retired from BellTelephone Laboratories, is now professorof physics at the University of Virginia.C. H. R. Hovde, MD, is now associatedwith the Nelson Clinic of Beverly Hills,California, as eye, ear, nose and throatspecialist.George J. �iII�r, SM '09, will long re- . member 1948 as a red letter year. OnFebruary 21 he received the Chicago Geo­graphic Society's citation for "distinguishedservice as editor." On June 1 he becamefu]! professor of geography at IndianaUniversity. On June 12 the honorarydegree of Doctor of Education was con­ferred on him by Michigan Normal Collegeat Ypsilanti.1909Harry W. Harriman, JD '11, is stillpracticing law in Madison, Wisconsin ..19.1'0Harriett M. Allyn,. SB, PhD '12, academicdean of Mount H()lyoke College, will re­the this June after nineteen years of serv­ice, Noted as an anthropologist and a.college administrator, Miss Allyn returnedto her alma mater in 1929 to take - thenewly created post of academic dean. Shehad previously taught at Monticello Semi­nary, Lake Erie College, Vassar Collegeand at Hackett Medical College inCanton.Bl'adford Gill retired last December asa partner in the firm of Moore, Case, Ly­man and Hubbard. Since then he hasbeen conducting a general insurance busi­ness in his own name in the InsuranceExchange Building,· Chicago.Clarence H. Hamilton, PhD '14, was on23 / leave of absence from Oberlin College dur­ing the fall semester of 1947 to study.aspects of religious life and history inMexico. While in Mexico City he at­tended the UNESCO Conference as, a rep,­resentative of the Oberlin UNESCOcommittee. "�Nels M. Hokanson, who has been in thereal estate business in Evanston . for thepast '30 years, has retired and moved toMadison, Wisconsin, where he can givecloser attention to the dairy farm which heoperates with his wife ..Ralph Dewey Salisbury is a civil en­gineer for the Veterans Administration inColumbus, Ohio.1[91' 1Robert N. Daniel, PhM, on June 1 be­came dean emeritus of Furman Universityafter more than 25 years as dean. He iscontinuing in the position of head of theDepartment of English, Furman Univer­sity eonferred on him the honorary de­gree of LL.D at the 1948 commencement.Aaron P. Drucker, MA, retired fromteaching at Colorado College, is now de­voting his energy to voluntary unpaidsocial work in New York City. Startingon the premise that elderly and sick peopleare lonely and need counsel, he originatedthe idea. of calling on. them, His workhas now developed to the point that anumber of organizations' refer cases to him.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEASunclaeTreat forAny DaylSWIFT'S I('E CREAM. Sundaes and sodas are extra goodmade with Swift's Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy - smooth, soR. C. A. CROSLEYG. E. FARNSWORTHRADIO SERVICERECORDS REFRIGERATORSWASHERS RANGESSPORTING GOODSHER �J1IAI;\V��935 EAST 55th STREETAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone HYde Park 3-6700Robert Gaertner. '34 Julian Tishler. '33P hone: SAginaw 1-3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeak. R�"aireclFree E.timate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO..8019 Bennett St. 1912Carl A. Gieseler, after a pastorate ofalmost 21 years at Saint John's LutheranChurch, Denver, Colorado, has left to ac­cept a position to teach in the Departmentof Religion at Valparaiso University, Val­paraiso, Indiana. He received the degreeof Doctor of Theology from the Iliff Schoolof Theology in August, 1947.Bjarne Lunde reports a new vocation:baby. sitter for granddaughter, aged 1 andgrandson, aged Y2 year. "Both are in ourblock which makes it convenient and alsodelightful for all concerned." The "block"is in Park Ridge, Illinois.Hazel Morse (Mrs. Richard Hartley) ofHollywood, California, went to Europe thissummer. She spent six weeks with herfriends, the American consul and his wifein Palermo, Italy.Margaret J. Tingley (Mrs. M. H. Hobbs)is living in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania. Amonth's vacation in Mexico where herhusband spoke at an electrical engineers'convention, prevented her from coming toreunion.1913Helen Gross Lewis was LaJolla chairmanof the U. of C. Alumni Foundation. Sheis president of the La Jolla Business andProfessional Women's Club and representedthat group at the Biennial Convention ofthe clubs held in July at Fort Worth,Texas. "Still teaching and liking this de­lightful part of California," she concludes.John C. 'Werner, AM, writes: "Under thenew Idaho retirement law, I have retiredfrom active school work. I am the ownerof a fine irrigated potato farm on the. government WiFledoka project and givesome time to its' management."1914Abraham R. Miller, JD '15, is AssistantGeneral Counsel of the Public HousingAdministration, Washington, D. C.1915Helen A. Carnes from Seattle, Washing­ton: "My most stimulating leisure-timeactivity had been participation in theGreat Books discussion. group in myneighborhood. A doctor, lawyer, artist,teacher, businessmen and women, and·housewives have presented a variety ofviews."David Gustafson, MA '27, was dean of theSchool, of Religion conducted last springby the Council of Protestant Churches ofSteubenville, West Virginia.Christopher Longest, PhD, Head of theT,RBMONT, AUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCH RYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage Grove,Midway 3-4200AI.oGuaranteed Used Cars andC:omplete Aufomobile Repa:ir,.Body. Pain'. Simonize. Washand Greasing Departments Modern Language Department of the Uni­versity of Mississippi, cites as his specialinterest: old Spanish and Latin American.literature.Edgar E. Lungren has been promoted tovice president of _ the Public Service COm-pany of Northern Illinois. ,Willa A. Sultzer (Mrs. P. Bowdish)is an assistant librarian at the Free PublicLibrary, Butte, Montana.1916Ralph Waldo Davis of Paul H. Davisand Company has been elected a directorof the Illinois Securities Dealers Associa­tion.Edwin P. Hart, of Highland Park, illi­nois is still Controller of Eversharp, In­corporated. He writes he would like tocome to the Midway to see a football gameor other athletic contest.David M. Key, PhD, is visiting professorof classics at Mount Union College, Alli­ance, Ohio. In May he received a cita­tion and plaque on Alumni RecognitionDay at Central College, Fayette, Missouri,where he received his B.A. degree in 1898.His son, Glenn Shelton Key, is now a stu­dent in the Divinity School at the Uni­versity of Chicago.Halford E. Patton, MD '19, is a physicianat the Livermore Veterans AdministrationHospital, Livermore, California.Hannah E. Pease is teaching vocationalhomemaking at Putnam High School, Put­nam, Connecticut.Edgar Charles Smith, MA, is beginninghis tenth year as director of Christian. edu­cation for the Pennsylvania Baptist Con­vention .1917Lillian Barbour, MA '28, in addition toteaching at George Williams College inChicago, is also acting as entrance advisorat Roosevelt College.William J. Henry, MD, is practicingmedicine in Chester, South Carolina. Hehas three daughters, the eldest married,and the mother of two children,Rose Nath (Mrs. A. Lincoln Desser) isactive in the League of Women Voters ofLos Angeles, serving as elections chairman."A terrific job," she comments. Two sonsare at the University of California in LosAngeles.1918Richard F. Aust will retire from Provi­dence Senior High Schools after completing33 years in Providence and three years inMedford, Massachusetts. He has been•I Auto LiveEY,•Qul.f, uno&flu"' • .-vIce.when you want It, CII you wa.t "CALL AN EMERY FIRST: Emery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper Avenue'FAirfax 4-6400THE UNIVERSITY OF GHIdAGO MAGAZINEtaking course work under the Universityextension study program.Ruth Falkenau is with the ChicagoHousing Authority as a tenant selectionaide in the north side veterans' temporaryhousing. She writes: "The excitement ofplacing a veteran and his family who havebeen evicted and are practically on thestreet is hard to describe. The job is fullof pathos and humor and renews one'sfaith in the institution of the family. Alsoit makes one fully aware of the basicimportance of Housing (recalling a neverforgotten lecture in sociology given by avisitor who believed, rightly, that badhousing was the root of all evil.)"Mamie G. Hurtable has been teaching inthe public schools of Cleveland,· Ohio,since her graduation. She is now in­structor in social studies at West HighSchool.Nama A. Lathe is retiring this year after26 years as head of the Art Department ofCornell College, Mt. Vernon, Iowa. Shewrites that she expects to find time to paintand travel at long last.. She received herMaster's degree from Columbia University�l�� .Helen E. Loth, MA '20, PhD '36, is teach­ing Spanish and Latin at Superior StateCollege, Superior, Wisconsin.Marguerite E. Marks (Mrs. A. M. Allison)lives at 331 Central Avenue, Highland Park,Illinois. She has two grandchildren,Barbara, age 6, and David, age 4, wholive in Aurora, Illinois.1919Jessie B. Merry is a visitor in the officeof the Jasper County Public Welfare. Sheis now making her home in Rensselaer,Indiana.19210Leona C. Bachrach (Mrs. Chalkley) after14 years in Washington, D. C. is back inChicago as associate regional representative,Bureau of Employment Security.Bruce H. Douglas, MD (Rush), has begunhis eighth year as health commissioner ofthe City of Detroit. He is also kept busyserving as professor and head of the De­partment of Preventive Medicine and Pub­lic Health at Wayne University College ofMedicine.Florence M. Edler, MA '23, PhD '30,(Mrs. Raymond A. de Roover) writes: Inthe October issue of the U. of C. Magazineyou mentioned concern as to the outcomeof our trip to the Pacific Coast' ill the oldPontiac. The car behaved beautifully. Wepassed many newer cars, stopped for en­gime trouble (not Pontiacs), but we stoppedfor only a couple of punctures going outand none coming back. As a reward forgood behavior, I promised the car a newcoat of paint. I ordered Maroon, butwhen the darkest shade that the paint shopcould find looked more like fire enginered or Harvard Crimson than good Chi­cago Maroon, I chose dark green instead.Last summer was spent in Aurora on LakeCayuga, the middle of the New York FingerLakes. Raymond de Roover, PhD '43, hasthree books in press, so we were galleyslaves all summer,. never daring to wanderfar out of reach of the printer.Olive L. Hutchinson, SM '25,. PhD '47,(Mrs .. William F. Kries) is .associate profes­sor of Biology at Central Michigan CoL­lege, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan.U. R. "Bill" Laves, MS '25, formerlyconsulting geologist in Tulsa, has joinedHubert E. Bale and Company, geologistsand engineers at Oklahoma City, Okla­homa. It's a U of C family. Bill married Aldine G. Sears '22 in 1923. Their son,Robert S; Laves, begins his third year inthe College this month.Margaret Ruth Lowery, MA, is associateprofessor of English at Washburn Mu­nicipal University, Topeka, Kansas.11921Archibald Gillies Baker, PhD, AssociateProfessor of Missions, the Divinity School,has bought a new home in Portland, Ore­gon, near his two children.Henry L. Cox, PhD, of Chicago, was atRockefeller Chapel to see his son, MasonC. Cox, receive his PhB in June. Theyounger generation Cox continued studiesthrough the summer in anticipation of hisBS degree in mathematics.Carl D •. Davis, MAr is registrar and di­rector of guidance at J. Sterling MortonHigh School in Cicero, Illinois.David W. Heusinkveld, MD Rush '24, isin practice in Cincinnati, Ohio.Perle Hastings Keller is a geologist withthe Conselho Nacional de Petroleo, 'Rio deJ aniero. His wife is the former MaygaretHouser '30.John P. Minton, PhD, is national alumnipresident of Bradley University. He ismaking his home in Dallas, Texas.1922Howard S. Bechtolt is teacher of modernlanguages at Calumet High School, Chicago,Illinois.Esther A. Craigmile, MS, writes: "Surgeryand a fractured shoulder kept me out ofcirculation for several months last year.In the spring I gave several illustrated birdtalks and resumed field trips again.". Henry William Dinkmeyer, MA, has ac­cepted the presidency of Elmhurst College,Elmhurst, Illinois, Prior to accepting thisposition, Reverend Dinkmeyer was pastorof Bethany Evangelical and ReformedCh urch in Chicago.Clifton Carl Ewing is department man­ager, Schenley Distillers, San Francisco,California.Harold F. Gosnell, PhD" has had hisninth book "Democracy, the Threshold ofFreedom," published last spring. He iswith the State Department in Washington,D. C. and giving courses evenings' on publicopinion measurement at American Uni-:versity.Herbert Winston Hansen, AM '23, DB '24,is author of "Common Sense Living" pub­lished last year.. Mr, Hansen will sooncomplete his twentieth year as ministerof the Scarsdale Community Church whichh:e founded.Since 1895 "Surgeons' Fine hlstrumentsSurg.ical EquipmentHospital! a'nd omC& FurnitureSund:ries. Supplies. Dres.si.n:gsAll Phones: SEeley 3·2180408 SOUTH HONORE. STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS. 25HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING. BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAllRlNG A SPECIALlY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephcne DOrchester 3-1579$irnc:e 1818HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurnifure Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 9-71804g�\:lJ'EUCTII'CAl SUPPLY co.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers of,ELECT'RICAL MATERIALSA'ND 'FIXTURE SUP·PUES, 5801 Hal.sted St. • E'Nglewood 4-7500BEST BOILER REP'AIR & IEWING- CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED· .. B·ONDEDINSUREDQUALIf1E1) WELDERSHAymarket 1-7917i 404-08 S. Western Ave.,. ChicagoPENDERCa·tch Basin and Sewer Service[Back Water Valves. Sumps-Pumps1545 E. 63RD STREETFMrfax 4-033.06620 con AGE GROV� l VENUEFAirfax 4-0550FAirfax 4-0880PENDER CA ICH BASI'N SE.RVIC'[1545 EA.S' 63RD 'STREETA. 1. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING InLUMBER A.ND YI·tLWO·RK7855 Greeinwood Ave. VI 6.;9000-410 West 111!th St. PU 5 .. 00.34CLA.RK-BREWERTeacbe·rs Agenc.y67'th Yearl� aUonwtd'e :'erv·lceFive Offices-One Fee.64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City. Mo.Spokane-New York26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEElsie P. Wolcott, MA '22, (Mrs. TremayneHayden) is district supervisor, NorthernDistrict, Public Assistance Division, CookCounty Bureau of Public Welfare. She hasa daughter, Catherine, age 15, who is insecond year high school.19'23Lura M. Dean, who writes that she hasretired, is living at Alhambra, California.Lacy L. Leftwich, AM, DB '25, PaD '42,is director of student personnel and deanof men M Culver-Stockton College.William P. Montcrieff' returned to! Chi­cago from Washington, D. C." August 1.During the war he had been a colonel inthe Army Budget Division with head­quarters in the nation's capitol. His homeaddress now: 736 MacLean Street, Kenil­worth, Illinois.Reverend Robert C. Stangel', MA, has leftDetroit, Michigan where he was ministerof the Bethel Evangelical and ReformedChurch for the .pasc fifteen years, to acceptthe pastorate of the Bethany Evangelicaland Reformed Church in Chicago'S northside.Herbert W. Stewart, MA, writes fromHighland, Kansas, that he is a 'retired ju­nior college teacher.Edward Charles Wagenknecht, MA, '24,is professor of literature at Boston Uni­versity.Leland Foster Wood, PhD, is author of"Pastoral Counseling in Family Rela­tionships," recently published by the Fed­eral Council of Churches.1,924Sae Woon Chan.g, MS, is an instructorof Korean language at the United StatesArmy Language School, Presidio ofMonterey, California,Clarence 'Clark, MA, was acting chair­man, General Course Group, School ofCommerce, New York University for theacademic year 1947-48._ ..M. Evelyn Dilley, PhD, is director of theforeign language program at ShakerHeights High School. She is a member ofthe Cleveland Scholarship Committee andthe University of Chicago ClevelandAlumni.Sara King Harvey, MA, PhD '34, is pro­fessor of English at State Teachers College,Terre Haute, Indiana.1925. Mary Elizabeth Hamilton, MA, attendedthe International Relations Institute atDrake University in June, then drove toCalifornia to visit her sister, Dr.. EleanorHamilton.:1926Marjorie Anderson; PhD, of New YorkCity, is chairman of the Department ofEnglish at Hunoer College.' .Rhoda Lowenberg (Mrs. Cecil Maurice)is Iiving in Arling'JiJon County, Virginia.J�hn F. Latimer, MA, is teaching Latin:and Creek at Geor:ge Washington Univer­sity, Washill,gton, D� C. He served for fiveyears with the Navy until his release toinactive duty in September 1947. He heldthe rank of commander and was execu tiveofficer of the Classics Department.John P. Rogge, JD '27, is in law practicein Houston, Texas.1927Dorothea K. Adolph is "still teachingfirst graders at Malvern School, ShakerHeights, Ohio." Emma N. Anderson, PhD, is teaching inthe Botany Department of the Universityof Nebraska.John J. DeRoer, AM, PhD '38, who untillast fall was chairman of the EducationDepartment at Roosevelt College in Chi­cago, is now professor of education at theUniversity of Illinois at Champaign.Procope S. Costas, MA, PhD '33, is a pro­fessor at Washington Square College, NewYork Universjty.Lulu M. Dysart, MA, retired this year asprincipal of -Girls' Trades and TechnicalHigh School, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Fortwenty years, she has' had the distinctionof being the only woman high schoolprincipal in Milwaukee.Grace L. Hoyt has retired from teachingand now is living at Lake Mills, Wisconsin.Vera Lighthall, MA,. is associate profes­sor of English at Northern State TeachersCollege, Aberdeen, South Dakota. She isteaching a new course in American culture.Walter Emil Marks was awarded the de­gree of Director. of Physical Eduoation atthe University of Indiana last June.Anna Miller retired this year from teach­ing history at the Waller High School,Chicago, Illinois. Her plans called for atrip to California, where she hoped tomake her home.1928Daniel D. Heninger,. of . Wichita Falls,Texas, is distnict geologist in charge ofnorth Texas' for the Ohio Oil Company.Jules Caesar Aldatore, MA, PhD '38, isprofessor at ,the University of Georgia,Athens, Georgia.Paul M. Bretscher, MA, PhD '36, is aninstructor at Concordia Seminary, St. Louis,Missouri.Fern Chase is a supervisor for the Min­nesota Division of Social Welfare. She isworking with the Child Welfare Unit,Services' to Children's Agencies.From Kenosha, Wisconsin, Edith GeneDaniel writes: "It's still my university andI am proud of it."Robert M. Hale, MA, PhD '45, was di­rector of summer scl1'001 at Morton juniorCollege, Cicero, Illinois, this past summer.V. Reginald Ibenfeldt, a member of Chi­cago's post office staff, spent a. part ofAugust in New York City. While in theeast he visited the Marshall Field estateat Huntington, Long Island.Ruchiel Mirrielees visited England,Sweden and Norway this summer.Charlotte Ridgeway Taylor was grantedthe degree of Master of Science in Educa­tion at the University of Indiana in June.1929Edith .. Aaams is a school nurse in La­Porte, Indiana. She is secretary of theIndiana State League of Nursing Educa­tion and a member of the Board of Di­rectors, Indiana State Nurses Association.Samuel B. Braden "is Executive Directorof the Axtell Chrtstian Hospisal at Newton,Kansas.Edgar Dale, PhD, was recently reap­pointed for a three year term as a memberof the National Commission for UNESCO.Maude E. Doane, MA '32, writes thatshe retired in June.Harry G. Guchmann, PhD, a member ofthe Northwestern UniveFsity faculty, actedas special consultant on stock and bondten�� for the American College DictionarypUMIShed by Random House. He alsocontributed four chapters of Fundamentalsof Investment Banking, published by theInvestment Bankers' Association of Amer-ica, Telephone KEnwood 6-1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLAjax Waste Paper Co.2600·2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers 01 Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, VAn Buren 6-0230SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago. IllinoisPhones OAkland 4-0690-4-0691-4-0692The Old Reliabl.Hyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awning. and Canopi •• for All Purpo •••4508 Cottage Grove Avenue27THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELillie Kunkle, MA, who has been teach­ing English at Washington High School,Sioux Falls, South Dakota, has been se­lected as one of the 100 American ex­change teachers being sent to the BritishIsles this year. She will teach at Saughtonsecondary school, Edinburgh, .Scotland.Isaac H. Miller directed a nine-weekssummer session at Livingstone 'College inSalisbury, North Carolina, this year.Gerald Roswell Patton heads theY.M.C.A. school at Whittier College inWhittier, California.1930Sophie v. Cheskie, MBA '4:6, formerly aninstructor at the Highland Park JuniorCollege, has accepted a position as directorof adult education in the city of HighlandPark, Michigan. ,J Cary Davis, MA, PhD '36, is associateprofessor of languages a t Southern Illi­nois University.Darol Kenneth Froman, PhD, is conduct­ing research for the Atomic Energy Com­mission. The testing of atomic weaponson Eniwetok atoll was conducted underthe direction of Doctor Froman. Beforethe war, he was director of the Univer­sity of Denver's high-altitude laboratory onMount Evans. As director, he studies thenuclear properties of cosmic rays.Abbott P. Herman, PhD" is professor ofsociology at the University of Redlands,Redlands, California.E. Harold Hal!ows, JD, has been electedpresident of the Milwaukee Bar Associa­tion. He is now teaching law at Mar­quette U niversity.Mary R. Martin is supervising teacher atthe Lincoln Training School, MichiganState Normal College, Ypsilanti, Michigan.Myr:on G. Means, MD, is with the firm ofGoodrioh, Peck and Means, Toledoradiologists. Doctor Means was certified bythe American .Board of Radiology in 1944after three years on the staff at the Uni­versity Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan.He has three sons, one a junior pre­medical student at the University of To­ledo, one a senior at Tennessee MilitaryInstitute, and one just entering OttawaHills High School.Earl E. Pletch, MA, is minister of theSalem Evangelical United Brethren Churchin Hanover, Ontario. He is also confer­ence superintendent of the Hanover dis­trict.1931Fred G. Brazda is associate professor andChairman of the Biochemistry Departmentat Louisiana State University, School ofMedicine.Fred R. Bush, MA, is associate professorof the English, Speech and Drama Depart­ments at Central Michigan College.Lun Lo, MA, is head of . the Depant­merit of Education, National ChungkingUniversity, Chungking, China.Margaret Shannon is living in New YorkCity, where she, is employed as Home BaseSecretary for the Presbyterian' ForeignBoard. .1932J. William Anderson, AM '35, is teachingat Manila. He is on leave from MaineTownship High School, Park Ridge, Il­linois, where he has taught United Stateshistory for 6 years.Mildred Gayler Christian, PhD, has beenpromoted to a full professorship in Englishat Tulane, University.Norman Gm, former Municipal Ref- erence Librarian for Milwaukee, is nowthe Director of the Citizens GovernmentalResearch Bureau of Milwaukee.Alan A. Lieberman, MD. '37, is ClinicalDirector at Elgin State Hospital, Elgin,Iltinois. He is a certified diplomat ofAmerican Boards of' Neurology and Psy­chiatry and fellow of the American Col­lege of Physicians.,Edna A. Mann, MA, retired from teach­ing two years ago after 35 years of highschool work, twenty-six years in, MissoulaCounty High School, Missoula, Montana.She continues to make her home there,but manages to do some travehng nowand then.Dorothy R. Mohr, MA '33, is associateprofessor, and head of Teacher Trainingfor. Women, School of Health and PhysicalEducation, University of Oregon.RaU H. Masure is vice-censul at SaoPaulo, Brazil. His wife, the former EloiseE. Webster '31, SM '32, writes that he isenjoying South America and recommendsthe climate and customs in Sao Paulohighly.Armistead S. Pride, MA, became Deanand It)!]l professor at the School of Journal­ism, Lincoln 'University, Jefferson City,Missouri in September, 1947. In April ofthis year he received a $3,000 fellowshipfrom the American Council of LearnedSocieties for a year's graduate study atNorthwestern University. He win com­plete compilation and writing' of' "A Reg­ister of Negro Newspapers 1827-1948,"which the A.C.L.S. is to publish.Daniel (AI) Seifer, vice president ofDiamond Wire and Cable Company, hasmoved with his "general office as well ashis plant" to Sycamore, Illinois.Mrs. Nann Zetta Slade is, an instructorat the University of Houseon.Jasper Daniel West, MD, is in practicein Memphis, Tennessee.1933Flo:ra Bowman of Glencoe, IUiinois, re­tired from teaching in June, 1946, has beenemployed as company librarian for Row,Peterson and Company, publishers.Robert De Groff Bulkley is a ministerassociated with Federated Churches, Cor­vallis, Oregon.Vi'Olette L. Burstatte is teaching thirdgrade in Melrose Park, Illinois. She ispublicity chairman for the school and forits PT A organization. Her many otheractivities include the job of director of ,theProviso Township Teachers' Credit Union',representative, Lake Shore Division, 111i­nois Education Association, yearbook chair­man of the' Maywood chapter of theAAUW, and member .of the MaywoodAlumni Gift Fund Committee.Helen F. Cutting, MA, taught elementaryand, intermediate Spanish in the summersession at Mars Hijl Junior College, MarsHill, North Carolina.Kenneth S. Ghent, PhD '35, writes onstationery with the letterhead: Departmentof Mathematics, University of Oregon, Eu­gene, Oregon.Ben Grodsky, JD, is practicing law inNorth Hollywood, California ..Ruth Kromkreig Hill, PhD, recently be­gan privare practice as a consulring- psy­chologist 4n Moorhead, Minnesota. Sheis also connected with fergus Falls StateHospital at Fergus Falls, Minnesota,where she does diagnostic psychologicaltesting. .,Max A .. Levine, MD, is practicing ortho­pedic surgery in Los Angeles, He is mar.ried and the father of a twin. boy and girl. BUSINESSCAREERSEnter the busmesa wo.rld well prepared.Qualify for the pl,easant. beUer-paying po-J sitions that are held! only by trained per­.aorrne l; Sl'llce, 19:04, young' men and womenof. Chicago have- increased their earningcapacity through MacCorma,e training.Register DoW f'or any of the following ,courses:• Typing • Accounting• Sborthand • Business Administration ,• Steno�raph • Advertising• Comptometry. • E'Xecutlve' SecretarialDay or evening classes. G. r. Approved.Visit us,Phone or write for catalogMac CORMAC SCHOOLSU)OP, 57 W. Monroe St.RAndolph 6-S5,95 SOUTH SIDE1170 E. 63rd St.BUtt.erfieldi S-636'3Cflicago'l Most Co.mplete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1625w. 35th 'St. Pho'neLAfa,yette 3-8400FLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONS'W'Entwo,rth, 6·44,21T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.a, HOUR, SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSinet, 19201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•iEVEN'IIN'G GOWNS:A'NiD FOR,MA,LSA SPECIALTYMidway t��g� • We callforanddeli"er28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERESULTS •••, depend on. geUing the details RIGHTPRINTINGIrnpri'nting-Processed Letters - Ty,pewriting, Addressing - Folding - MailingA Complete Service lor Direct Advertiser., Chicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.WAbash 2-4561POND tETT!ER SERVICEEverything in Letter.H'ooven' Typewrltl ••Multf'graphlngAddressograph Se!'¥I ••H Ighut Quallty'Servl ••All PhonesHArriso,n 7-8118 M;lmeographlnlAddre .. lnlMalllAIMinimum Prl •••418 So. Market St.ChicagoCLA!RKE·'Mc�ELROYPUBL,ISHI'NG CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMIdway 3-3935"Good Printin, 61 All Description."E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph-Offset-Printin:g731 Plymouth, CourtWAbash 2-8182GEORGE ERHARDTand SON'S, Inc.Painting-Decorating-Wood' Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street KEdzie 3-3186 William George Riley is associated withthe Bank of America in Long Beach, Cali­, fornia,Jacob Smith, MD, is living in New YorkCity where he is practicing medicine.William H. Sutherland is now operatingGreenwood Lake Lodge on the historicGunflint Trail, Grand Marais, Michigan.1934Betty Mae Bauer, MA, is teaching thirdgrade in the public schools of Blue Is­land, Illinois.L. Lee Hasenbush is instructor in psychi­atry at Harvard Medical School, associatein psychiatry at Beth Israel Hospital andattending psychiatrist, Men t a I HygieneClinic, Veterans Administration, Boston.Robert J. Hasterlik is back home at theUniversity as assistant professor of medi­cine at the School of Medicine.Don Ryper, MA, is Advisor on YouthOrganizations in the Civil Information andEducation Section, General Headquartersfor Supreme Commander for .the AlliedPowers in Tokyo.Eleanor Hair Van Tassel is now livingin Tryon, North Carolina. She movedthere from Maine in January to be nearerher parents" Thomas J. Hair '03 andFlorence C. Hair, and her brother, SamuelC. Hair '35. Eleanor is working as As­sistant Personnel Director at the' home of­fice of Wachovia Bank and Trust Companyin Winston, Salem.1,9l5Charles L. Asher of Peoria, Illinois, re­cently passed the 15 year mark as a chemistwith the Pabst Brewing Company. He hastwo children, Charles, aged two, and Linda,all of six. Asher writes that Charles isat the mischievous age while Linda con­siders herself quite learned, since she hascompleted the first grade.Paul H. W. Harder is with the CarrierCorporation in Syracuse, New York, asfactory engineer. He reports an additionto the family: Paul George" born December6, 1947.Herman G. .Hefpern, MD, is practicinginternal medicine in New York City;' wherehe is on the staffs of Mount Sinai andBellevue Hospitals. He is also an in­structor in medicine at Corneli UniversityMedical College. He is married and hastwo' children.Katherine MacIntyre writes that she stilllikes her job supervising school cafeteriasin Hammond, Indiana. "I like my work,my associates, and the compensation."Jane E. Matson, after release to inactiveduty in Women's Reserve, USNR, is work­ing as vocational adviser at the VeteransAdministration Regional Office, Los An­geles, California. "I -am working pri­marily with seriously disabled veterans,"she writes.1936Marjorie Jane Bomberger, MA, (Mrs.Jean-Paul Ganseman) is living at 103 RueEdith Cavell, Brussels, Belgium.Ethel J. Breshears, MA, (Mrs. ThomasM. McHale), is teaching in Gary, Indianaand principal of the Washington Ele­mentary School.Caroline W. Hiatt is curator of manu­scripts at the Princeton University Li­brary.Bert Lindsey, MA, is a training officerin the Veterans Administration. He isliving at W. Lafayette, Indiana.Marjorie B. Molyneux, MA, '46, is as­sistant principal of Quantico Post School!Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. Last summer she visited Alaska and spent twoweeks at the Audubon Nature Camp,Medomak, Maine.William Kneedler Sherwood is practicinglaw at Ossining, New York.Samuel Shulman is classification andwage analyst for the Atomic Energy Com­mission, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.Emily C. Wood, (Mrs. Edward C. Grauel)is office manager, Red Cross Office, Chester,Pennsylvania.1937Clinton Belknap, MA, is East Nebraskarepresentative for the Na-tional Founda­tion for Infantile Paralysis, Incorporated.Robert H. Bethke was recently electedAssistant Vice President of The DiSCOuntCorporation of New York.Wells D. Burnette is now Associate Di­rector of the American Brotherhood (Na­tional Conference of Christians and Jews)for the Midwest area, with offices inChicago.Allen B. Cole, MA, PhD '40, was deanat the American Friends Service Com­mittee's International Seminar held thispast summer at Eugene, Oregon.Doris M. Hunter is in her first year atthe University of Illinois Medical School.James A. Miller, PhD, is chairman ofthe Department of Anatomy of the EmoryUniversity Dental School in AtlantaGeorgia. 'Cody Pfanstiehl is a press informationman with Columbia Broadcasting Systemin Washington, D. C. His daughter, Carlais hOW eight months old. 'Professor Massey· H. Sheperd, PhDformerly of the Divinity School faculty:and now a member of the faculty of theEpiscopal Theological School in Cam.bridge, spent the second semester of thelast academic year engaged in research inRome at the Vatican Library.Sibyl Fawcett Street, PhD, (Mrs. RObertRamsey) is living in Sandston, Virginia,where she is kep t busy taking care of herhusband and two children. Mr. Ramseyis now a full professor at the Medical Col­lege of Virginia at Richmond.Thomas Myron Torgerson, MD, is prac­ticing medicine in Santa Rosa, California.1938Peter L. Beal, MD '42, is still with theUniversity as instructor in dermatology.Landrum Bolling, MA, is now chief ofthe Berlin Bureau of Overseas News'Agency. During the war, he covered thewar in the Mediterranean and Balkans forhis news agency. In 1945 he was in Ger­many, Austria, Hungary, and Czecho­slovakia. He came to the United Statesto lecture to Beloit College students on in­ternational relations and problems ofAmerican government before returningonce more to Europe as a correspondentin �946.Robert W. Janes, MA '39, is assistantprofessor, Department of Sociology, Uni­versity of Illinois.Jules H. Last, PhD '41, was separatedfrom the Army Medical Corps in October,1947, after serving as director of medicalresearch with task force FRIGID in Alaska.At present he is on the staff at the Uni­versity of Illinois College of Medicine asassistant professor of clinical pharmaCOlogy.He has a son who is two years old. Thelast happy note is that he and his wifehave finally settled down in their ownhome in Highland Park, Illinois.Harold J. Madsen, MD, is a psychiatristat the Veterans Hospital, Downey, Illinois.29THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIsaac Michael, MS, MD '42, after threeyeq_rs in the Pacific, is in private practicein Frankfurt, Indiana.George D. Monk, SM '41, with his. wife,has joined the scientists at Los Alamos,New Mexico.Laverne Riess is "still an artist and' de­signer for the American Institute ofGraphic Arts, American Association of Uni­versity Women."Mrs. Anna L. Salzman has been a sub­stitute teacher in the Chicago elementaryschools during the past two years.Eleanor H. Shapera (Mrs. Sidney S.Guthman) has moved to San- Antonio,Texas, where her husband, Rabbi Guth­man, has been called to the pulpit of Con­gregation Agudas Achim. They have twochildren, David 5Y2 and Betty 2Y2.·1939Grace Bodington, began work as a die­tician at the Chestnut Lodge Sanitarium,Rockbille, Maryland, July 15.Benjamin F. Brooks, PhD, is an econo­mist with the Bureau of Internal Revenue,Washington, D. C. Chicago. alumni LewisSeverson, PhD '30, and Melvin Brethhauer c'37 are also with the Bureau as economists.Myrtle E. Creaser, MS, teaches science atthe Washington Junior High School atKenosha, Wisconsin.Emil H. Deffner received his MA degreeon the Midway last June. His comment:"Am53 years old now, and a grandpa. Whatwith a full teaching load, plenty of extra­curricular work, and a large family, itwas hard, piecemeal, and hot work (sum­mer sessions) since 1939, when I gradu­ated."Jose 0 •. Gonzalez, SM, PhD '41, has re­turned to the School of Tropical Medicineat San Juan, Puerto Rico, after a yearspent at Western Reserve University inCleveland, as research associate in the De­partment of Pharmacology. In December1947 he received the Bailey K. AshfordAward in Tropical Medicine, a prize givenby the American Society of Tropical Med­icine.Beulah Hagermann, MA '44, is teachingEnglish at DePaul University in the Schoolof Commerce.Wilbur J. Jerger, LLB '::1:2, and his wifedropped in at Alumni House early in thesummer during a visit to Chicago. Withtheir son, Tuzo Frith, I year old, they havebeen living near the camp'us of the Uni­versity of California in Los Angeles whereJerger has been doing graduate work ineducation leading to an Ed.D. degree. Wil­bur has built up some thirty seminars inthe Great Books studies. Last spring hewas nominated in the University D'istrictfor the state legislature. He won the pri­maries as a progressive Democrat at acampaign cost of $30@. He fully expectsto win the election this fall.1940John Edward Brelley, Jr., received thedegree of Master of Science at the Junecommencement 'exercises of Indiana Uni­versity.Mary K. 'Cox, MA, (Mrs. Paul M. Cox)reports: "Domesticity and music have 'gotmel I am looking after my husband, son,and daughter, teaching piano, and play­ing violin in the Oak Ridge Symphony."Jacqueline M. Cross (Mrs. Harvey C.Van Sant) is entering her fifth year withthe Washington, D. C. Chapter of the,American Red Cross Motor Service, drivingwounded military personnel and mentalpatients, and working in the blood donorprogram. Sophy Hess, MS '41, is practicing med­icine in Philadelphia. She is associatedwith the Women's Medical College Hos­pital of Pennsylvania, Women's Hospitalof Philadelphia, Planned Parenthood ofAmerica, and the Board of Education.l\ferle M. Kauffman, MA, has been as­sistant superintendent of city schools inWaukegan since last February. It is anew post and he is the first to fiU it.Lulu O. Kellogg, MA, of Wautoma, Wis­consin,· taught at State Teachers College atPlatteville this past summer.William C. Larkin attended summerschool at Michigan State College last sum­mer. He is working toward his Master'sdegree in education. His home is in St.Joseph, Michigan.Philip Rutter Lawrence, LLB '42, _is _with the law firm of Landels and Weigelin San Francisco.Winnie Mae McAlister, MA, is now Mrs.L. D. Collins. She is continuing teachingin the elementary schools of La Grange,Illinois.. Helen M. Meier, MBA, is personnel di­rector for the Eisendrath Glove Company.She is living in Marinette, Wisconsin.1941Leila Mae Bagley (now Mrs. Lester Rum­ble) is living in Atlanta, Georgia.Majorie Case, MA, is associate professorat the School of Social Work, University ofConnecticut, Hartford, Connecticut.Philtp Wah Hou Chock, MD, is practis­ing medicine in Hilo, Hawaii.William E. Froemming, MD '43, is study­ing urology in New York City.Mary M. Hammel (Mrs. Richard A.Davis) is back in Illinois after a couple ofyears in her husband's "land of sunshine,Pasadena." Dick is getting experience asthe editor of a weekly paper in Joliet andMary is helping him..Mary A. Hobbs, MS, who has been nurs­ing arts instructor at Hurley Hospital,Flint, Mich, since leaving the Midway, ac­cepted a new position on June 7 as assist­ant director of nurses at Rochester Gen­eral Hospital" Rochester, New York.John R. Kinney, SM, has been awardeda $1000 fellowship in mathematics by theGraduate College of the University of Illi­nois for advanced study during the schoolyear 1948-1949.Edwin B. Libbey, of. Columbia, Missourt,is teaching Humanities at Stephen. College.C. R. Mowery, Jr., MD '43, is serving .his surgical residency at Virginia MasonHospital, Seattle, Washington.Harold Benjamin Smithern is office man­ager of the Union Stock Yards, St. Boni­face, Manitoba.Lee Spence Tennyson is a law clerk inChicago.1942Robert K. Burns, PhD, is executive of­ficer of the University of Chicago Indus­trial Relations Center.Andrew Franklin Burton is an instructorin surgery at Howard University MedicalSchool.Bruce F. Grotts, MD '44" is starting hissecond year residency in Pediatrics at Mil­waukee Children's Hospital.Thomas William Hyman is office man­ager for the Cherry Rivet Company inCicero, Illinois.Harold R. Kamp is merchandise assist­, ant for Butler Brothers, Chicago, Illinois.Herbert E. Kubitschek has been awardeda $1000 fellowship in physics by the Gradu­ate College of the University of Illinois foradvanced study during the coming year. AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits lUIwork to the university and eellege He1d.It is affiliated wi·tb tile Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe 'educational flelds, Both organIzationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Our service Is nation-wide.Since 1885ALBERTTeachers' A,gencyThe best in placement service for U'niversity,College, Secondary and Elementary. Nation­wide patronage. Call or writ, us ,at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisAMERI,CANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Pholo Engrave"Artrlsts - ElectrotypersMaker. of Prlntino Plates429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. MOnroe 6-1515w. B� CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA'C�4IUt�jD�4IUt'C�SALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKSTENOTYPYLearn new,. Ilpeedy machine ahorthand. Le ..effort, no cramped fingers or nervoWi fatilfue,Alao other counea: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Viii',writ., or 1I'lIotl. for flalG' ..8ryant� StrattonCO�EGB18 S •. MI'CHIGAIN AVE. Tel. RAndo,Iph 6-1575StinRw�Chicago's: Oufsfand.ingDRU'G STORES30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE'LA TO'URAI'NECoffee and teaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwau:kee Ave., ChicagoOlher PlantsBoston - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracuse - Cleveland"You Might As Well Ha,ve The Bes'",BOYDSTON BROS.,. INC.operatingAuthrori,zed Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficia'l Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOAkland 4-0492Trained and licensed attendantsAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisCons�lting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone STate 2-8951The Best Place 'to Eat on the SOl:lfh S�idejlCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn 1\ve.Phone HYde Park 3-6324Tucke'rDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone Midway 3-4404LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HA.Ur;ING'.60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR FREE ESlIMA'IE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISPhone BUTterfleldi 6711'" DAVID L. SUTTON, Pres. Loren Charles Marsh received the degreeof Doctor of Jurisprudence at the JuneCommencement exercises of Indiana U ni­versity,John H. McGill, MA, is Assistant Per­sonnel and Safety Director for the NorthBirmingham Plant of the United StatesPipe and Foundry Company.Margaret Virginia O'Bid returned inJune from Europe where she had been en­gaged in personnel work for the AmericanRed Cross."Charles Marshall Riley received the de­gree of Master of Science at the June com­mencemen t exercises of the U niversisy ofMinnesota,Naomi Smith (Mrs. Carl Devoe) has twoprospective candidates for U. of C. degrees:Lawrence Daniel, born November 5, 1944and Kenneth Steven, born June 18, 1947.1943Wilma Bennett, MA, is assistant profes­sor at the University of Wisconsin LibrarySchool, Madison, Wisconsin.Ama Wendell Bontemps, MA, is authorof "Story of 'a Negro" recently, publishedby Knopf. Bontemps is chief librarian atFisk. University. The book is a history ofthe Negro in America and his contributionto the building of the nation.Aaron Brown, PhD, is president of Al­bany State College, chairman of the GeorgiaCommittee on Cooperation in TeacherEducation, chairman of the State NegroCollege Presidents, and editor of theHERALD, official journal of the GeorgiaTeachers and Education Association.Richard Everett Carpenter, MD, receivedthe degree of Master of Science at the Junecommencement exercises of the Universityof Minnesota.Alice B. Crocker, MS, is teaching physi­ology at, North High School, Omaha, Ne­braska during she regular school year.Summers she is an instructor in healtheducation at the University of Omaha.Don Cronsen, is practising law with thefirm of White and Case il'l New York City.John Albert Crosby is manager of the- Chamber of Commerce in Lebanon, Ore­gon.When we last heard from John K. Died­ericks in May he was about to leave forBermuda "for a much needed vacation."He is beginning his third term with PanAmerican World Airways System as a salesrepresen ta tive.Dorothy M. Inglis is employed in Seattle,Washington, as a case worker and case su­pervisor at the Ryther Child Center., John H. Kent, PhD, a member of theInstitute for Advanced Study, has been ap­pointed Professor of Latin at SouthwesternUniversity, Memphis, Tennessee.Evelyn Harriet Stone, MA, is a socialworker at the Brooklyn Jewish Hospital.1,944Franklin T. 'Branch, MBA,. is a salesmanfor the Burrough's Adding Machine Com­pany and living in Atlanta, Georgia.Charles A., Branthaven, MD, started hisresidency in pediatrics at Ben MemorialHospital, Kansas City, Kansas, this pastJuly.Edwar-d A. Cooperrider was a visitor tothe World Council of Churches. His ad­dress: c/o Van der Werf, Van Baerlestraat75, Amsterdam-Z., Hoiland.Dr. Vance M. Hoge, MBA, is head of theDivision of Hospital Facilities for theUnited States Public Health Service.Abba H. Salzman was one of threeAmerican students appointed to fellow- ships at the Hebrew University in Jerusa­lem. Conditions permitting, he will arrivein Israel in time for the fall quarter. Hewill continue his research work in geog­raphy.1945Josephine Balaty, SM, has been ap­pointed to the position of Assistant Nurs­ing Education Coordinator in the NursesDivision of the Department of Registra­tion and Education, State of Illinois.Dorothy Lenore Blank (Mrs. David G.Ross) is librarian at the public library inMt. Vernon, Ohio.George Burlingame Dygert i j generalmanager of Deejay Farms, Cincinnati,Ohio.Gerald Hill, MD '47, is a resident psy­chiatrist at the Veterans' Hospital at BattleCreek, Michigan.Mary Anne McDowall, SSA, is a psychia­tric social worker at the MenningerFoundation, Topeka, Kansas.Charles Murrah is a teaching fellow inthe English department at Harvard Gradu­ate School where he is working on hisdoctoral dissertation.William Bertam Van Home received hisMaster of Science degree at Indiana Uni­versity last June.Donald H. Yoder, DB, PhD '47, hastransferred his faculty membership fromUnion Theological Seminary to Muhlen­berg College, Allentown, Pa. He is teach­ing American. church history.1946Sylvia Allen, now Mrs. John Hunt Stites,is living in Louisville, Kentucky.B. Everard Blanchard, MA, when lastheard from last summer wrote that fishingperch off shore in Lake Huron is interest­ing, providing you catch them, which hewasn't. He was planning 'to spend Julyin Alaska and then back to work.Elizabeth Cline, MS, is head nurse,women's treatment ward at the OregonState Hospital.Gaylen W. Cronk, MA, of Elgin, Illinoje,has been teaching these past two years atChicago Junior School.Ellery B. Haskell is assistant professorof philosophy at Albright College in Read­ing, Pennsylvania, In May he was electedchairman of the United World Federalistsof Greater Reading.George Kende, MBA, reports prOUdlythat his son, Andrew, won the 1947 West­inghouse Science Talent Search GrandPrize of $2,400 at the age of l5Y2 and madefront page of Science Magazine.Iluminado B. Manzano, MA, is workingtoward his doctorate in the School of Edu­cation, University of Southern California,at Los Angeles.1947Kenneth Kimberly Atkins, MBA, is reg­istrar at the Veterans AdministrationCenter at Oaklawn, Bath, New York.Nathan E. Ballou, PhD, joined the staffof Naval Radiation Laboratory, San Fran­cisco, last March as chemistry group leader.Prior to this appointment, Ballou was onthe staff of the University of CaliforniaRadiation Laboratory doing research innuclear chemistry.Adele Bloom, MA, has been teachingeconomics at State Teachers College, RiverFalls, Wisconsin since December 1947.DeWitt Joseph Brady, BD, Ruth Mc­Master, MA, and Marjorie Mae Hyer, MA,are returning to the states this month aftera year spent in England as service Work.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZiNEers of the Congregational C h r i s t ianChurches of America.Ira G. Com, Jr., MBA '48, returned tothe quadrangles earlier this year from hisposition with General Electric to completehis work for a Master of Business Admin­istration which he received in the Sep­tember Convocation, He has accepted aposition on the faculty of Southern Metho­dist University (Dallas) where he will teachMarketing.David S. Dennis' last address is given asAndrews Air Force Base, Washington,D. C., where he is squadron personnel of­ficer.· His wife, nee Lois Stalling '46, nodsapproval to his invitation to fellow alumnito come visit them.Gertrude Simms Hodgson, MA, is en­gaged in child welfare work in a publicagency in Indiana.Richard S. Krohn, whose home is inSaginaw, Michigan, returned to the Mid­way last spring to enter the School of Busi­ness.Frederick Kuhns, PhD, is serving asAssistant Professor of Religion in the Col­lege of Liberal Arts of Drake University,Des Moines, Iowa. His previous positionwas as Assistant Executive Secretary of theFederation of Churches of Rochester, NewYork.1948J. K. Elwood, MBA, is with the FirstCleveland Corporation, investment securi­ties.Emanuel J. Feigin, MA '48, is in Tel>Aviv, where he is Assistant to the Under­secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ofthe Israeli Government. His work dealsprincipally with consular affairs. He writesthat "he hopes to be transferred to theNorth American desk soon.Philip Goodman, MS, gives the new ad­dress-Department of Chemistry, 0 hi 0State University, Columbus, Ohio.Ruth R. Goodman, MBA, after receiv­ing her degree in September, left for St.Paul, where she has accepted a positionas Food Service Supervisor at the Agricul­tural Department of the University of Min­nesota. Miss Goodman did her under­graduate and some graduate work at Cor­nell University, in Ithaca, New York.Jessica House, who is working for H. M.Gousha Company, road map specialists; inSan Jose, California, asks if there are anyU. of C. alumni living in the viciniey.She would welcome the opportunity tomeet someone from the Midway. Her ad­dress is 398 South [2th Street, San jose.Albert V. Lockhart, PhD, has beennamed superintendent of Thornton Town­ship High School in Harvey, Illinois.MARRIAG,ESOn June 12, 1948, at her home in Gary,Marjorie A. Sullivan, '43, became Mrs. JohnP. Lee. Mr. Lee, an accountant, is a grad­uate of Northwestern. They are living inChicago.Helen V. Johnson, '46, MA, writes thather name as of June 21, 1947 is Mrs. Wil­liam V. Pratt. Her husband is doinggraduate work in physics at Iowa State Col­lege and Helen is working as a case workerfor the Lutheran Welfare Society of Iowa.Toby Sirmer, '46, MBA '48, is an ac­countant in the Accounting Office of theUniversity of Chicago. On April 1·8, 1948she married Meyer Weinstein.Edward Joseph Dawling, '47, is a chemistwith the United States Gypsum Company,Sweetwater, Texas. On January 31, 1948Shirley P. Fox '45 betame his bride. Mr. and Mrs. OrvilI Tryon of Highland,Indiana, recently announced the engage­ment of their daughter, Venita June Han­sen, to Lloyd Fons '48 of Chicago. MissHansen is a graduate of St. Luke's hospitalschool of nursing.Margaret Mabel Hatch, MA '32, wasmarried to Sam G. Webb on March 6,1948. They are living at Dunedin, Florida.Minna Margaret Adams, MA '31, toHarold R. Hutcheson in April, 1948. Sheis living in Washington, D. C.Edward B. Cantor, MD, '36 was marriedApril' 15, 1948, to Bernice Cohen. Thecouple is living in Beverly Hills, Califor­nia, where Doctor Cantor is in practice.Betty M. Carlsten, '43, AM '46, who ison the English faculty of the University ofHawaii, was married August 6, 1948 toRobert E. Pex, who is in charge of mainte­nance for Pan-American Airlines. Betty'Sfather has been a member of the MidwayUniversity family for the past 14 years assign writer and painter with the Depart­ment of Buildings and Grounds.,. Rosemary Diamant, MA '45, and RobertL. Beyer, '47, were married June 19 inGraham Taylor Chapel on the campus.Rosemary is teaching in the WinnetkaSchool system and Bob is finishing up hiswork on his MBA. They are living inWilmette.On June 2·6, 1948, at the Hyde ParkBaptist Church June Bonner, '46, SB '48,was married to William W. Mullins, '47.Foliowing' the wedding' a reception was'held at the Quadrangle Club. june'sfather and mother are also alumni (GordonW. Bonner and Agnes Russell-both of theclass of '2,1) and her brother, Gordon R.,is in the College. �Suzanne Eger '46 was married to JosephJ. Roddy in Chicago on March 20. Mr.Roddy is a graduate of St. ThomasAquinas College in St. Paul. The coupleis living at Jackson Heights, Long Island,New York.Wanda Esther Grzanka '46, to EdwardHenry Senz, '44, MD '46 last December.They are living at Long Beach, California.Jane Fulton Jordan, 33, was married toM. C. Towner, MD, on April 23, 1948. Thecouple is living in New York.Elleva Joslyn, '38, to Sheldon L. Pattenon June 13, 1948.Arlene J. Rodbell, MA '46, is now Mrs.Daniel H. Gordon. The couple is livingin New York City.Announcement is received of the mar­riage of Pauline Pike Seone to James L.Rowe '46 on May 15, 1948. Doctor Roweis a chemist with the Eli Lilly and Companyin Indianapolis.Ida Ellen Shockley, MA '37, is now Mrs.Ellis M. Studebaker of Oak Park, Illinois.Carlyn Truax, '44, is now Mrs. JohnLordan Manning. The marriage took placein Chicago March 12, 1948. She is livingin Manila where Mr. Manning is vice­president of the Manila Trading and Sup.ply Company.BIRTHSA daughter, Joan Dorothy, was bornMay 11, 1948, to Mr. and Mrs. JamesZacharias. The father is of the class of'34, JD '3'5.A son, Eric Thorsten, born March 31,1948 to Ralph Roger Sundquist, Jr., '48,and wife, the former Bernita Woodruff,'47.Lyndon Robert arrived at the home ofLyndon H. Lesch, 'Jt7, Auguss 1, 1948.When Lyndon R. was 12 days old hetraveled to the quadrangles to meetChancellor Hutchins. 3iPlaters, SilversmithsSpecialists • • • .GOLD. SI,LYER. fRHODAN·IZESILVERWARERepaired, Relinished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. OEntral 6-6089-90 ChicagoECONOMY ,SHEET METAL WORKS._Established In 1922Cornices, Skylights, Gutters, Downspouts,Boiler Breachings, Smoke Stacks, Furnacesand RoofingE. C. DeichmanBUckingham 1-1.893 1927 Mel.rose StreetChicago, IllinoisLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 E'ad 57th StreetPhones: HYde Perk 3-9'100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELlV'ERTelephone HAymarket 1-3120E. A. AA,RON' & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegefahlesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN :FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketGolden Dirilyte(formerly DMgoltl)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATED_Co·mplete sets and open stocleFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther 'Famous Makes of Fine China. AlsoCrystal, Table Linen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTS70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chlce qo 4, nl.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEKeith Thorne McKenzie was born July29 to Mr. and Mrs. Francis W. McKenzie,'45, Frank received his master's here in1945.A daughter, Susan Lorraine, first childof the Robert J. Adley, Jrs. was bornFebruary 19, 1948.. Mrs. Adley is theformer Celia J. Bielecky '38.Born to Marc O. Beem, MD '48 and Mrs.Beem, a son, on May 24, at Chicago Lying­====�===9�=='lFvnr'J5H!;rro"'sp�' l:'l't>rr"al.·Vincent J. Burke '41, and his wife, theformer Velma Whitgrove '43, announce thebirth of a daughter" Barbara Ann, bornMarch '9, 1948. They have another child,Douglas, who is almost 2Y2. Vince is withUnited Press and was recently assigned tothe State Department Staff.It's a son for Asher J. finkel, '36, PhD'47, MD '48 and Mrs. Finkel (Miriam Pos­ner, '38, PhD '44). The baby arrived May28, 1948, at Chicago Lying-In.Edward Horner, BS '43, MD '45, andMrs. Horner (Althea Greenwald '47) arethe proud parents of a daughter, MarthaJane, born May 16, 1948. Footnote onthe announcement: "Doctor Horner is nowserving a senior internship at the ChicagoLying-In Hospital."Mr. and Mrs. Claude L. Hikade (Geor­giana A. Murphy '36), announce the .birthof a son, Neil Clark, at Chicago Lying-InHospital on March 31. The baby has twinsisters, . aged five and a brother three and .a half.TELEPHONE TAylor 9-5455O',CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CO,NYRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.Wasson-P'o·ca,hointasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phone: WEntworth 6-8620-1-2-3-4_WOllon'l Cool Moke. Good-or­W,ollon Doel! BLACK'STONEHALLAn. - Exclusive Women's HotelIn theUnive'rsity of Chic.ago DisfridOffering; Graceful living 'to Uni­versHy an:d' B:uslness. Women alt'Moderate Toriff I fBiLACKSTONE HALL.5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePLaza 2-33 I 3 iVerna P. Werner, Dire.ctorBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & .Dyers200 E. Marq:lJefte RoadPhone: WEntworth 6-5380I1 JSladtSfone J).etOrating. I&>erbitePhone PUllman 5-9170•l0422 1l\bobe_ abe." GCbftago, liltIRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & O·ECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. felephoneMOnroe 6-3192 'DEATHSAnna F. Lesher '14 died April 2, 1944.Philip D. McGinnis, MD Rush. '00, ofJoliet, Hlinois died this year.Sister Mary Corona Kent, '18, died Jan­uary 19, 1948.Lufu Jennm,gs, '23, died at Fort Worth,Texas, May 21, 1947.H. Eugene Allen, MD Rush '98, Septem­ber 17,. 1947 at Seattle, Washington.F. W. Gaarde, MD Rush '12, on Febru­ary W, 1948, of coronary heart disease.Robert Edgar Miltenberger, MD Rush'09, died June 18, 1947, at Spring Valley;Illinois.Charles Clarence Adams, PhD '28) deanof the School of Oriental Studies at theAmerican University of Cairo, Egypt, diedon March 9, 1948. He had served as amissionary to Egypt, pastor of the UnitedPresbeterian Church at East Craftsbury,Vermont, chairman of the faculty at theEgyptian Evangelical Theological Semi­nary in Cairo and in the deanship since1939._Loretta Brady '12, at Hubbard Woods,Illinois, on October 22, 1947.George A. Brayton, '00,. died May 12,1948, at Speers Memorial Hospital, Day­ton, Kentucky. He is survived by hiswidow, Ina V. Brayton, and two sons,George A. Jr. and Robert A. Brayton.William Thompson Chism, LLB '23 onMay 26, 1948.Arthur W� Clark, '07, died May 10 atArcadia, California. Classmates will re­member Clark was the first person tovault 12 feet in competition at StaggField: in 1904. This former "C" man wasin the advertising specialty business be­fore moving to California four .years agoto represent the Wall Street Journal assouthern division: manager. A. wife andson survive.Adelina M. DeLent '14, (Mrs. C. M.Stewart): January 22, 1948.Albert Norval Y()ung, '99, passed awayFebruary 17, 1948 in, his eighty-fourthyear .. 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Bell Labo­ratories engineers are constantly at work tomake listening easy for you.When these engineers design a method tobring speech still more clearly to your ears,the new circuit is given many scientific tests.Then it gets a final check from a ��SoundingBoard" like the one pictured above.This check shows just how the system willwork in actual use. The men and women represent you and many millions of othextelephone listeners. Their specially trainedears check syllables, words and sentencesas they come over the telephones. Whilethey listen, they write down their ratingson the pads in front of them.The Board members approve only whenthey are sure that the voice they hear isnatural in tone, clear in quality and easilyunderstood. Not until they are certain thecircuit will suit your ear is it put into use.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMBELL TELEPHONE LABORATORIES A great research organization, workingto bring you the best possible telephone service at the lowest possible costWhy power now serves us betterWhen- it comes to pourer, the dreams of our childhood arefast becoming a reality. For no matter what our needs, spe­cial motors or engines are now designed to meet them.From the tiny thumb-sized motors in electric razors­and the surge of the engines in our cars-to the pulsing tur­bines that propel our ocean liners ... today's power is bet­ter, more dependable than ever before. And these advanceswere brought about by research and engineering ... andby today's better materials.Examples? Better metals for giant turbines and genera­tors, improved transformers and transmission lines. Stain­less steel, resistant to rust and corrosion. Better plastics thatmake insulation fire-resistant, and more flexible and wear­proof ... for the millions of miles of wires it takes to makepower our servant.There is a promise, too, of even greater, more concen­trated power. Atomic power harnessed for industry and the home ... approaching man's dreams for the future throughresearch and engineering. This also takes such materials ascarbon ... from which the all-important graphite, used to"control" the splitting atom, is made.The people of Union Carbide produce materials that helpscience and industry improve the sources and uses of power., .to help maintain American leader­ship in meeting the needs of mankind.FREE: You are invited to send for the new iilus­trated booklet, "Products and Processes," whichshows how science and industry use UCC'sAlloys, Chemicals, Carbons, Gases and Plastics.·UNION CARBIDE.LlJVD CARBON CORPOJl..A.TIOH30 EAST UND STREET � NEW YORK 17. N. 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