T� � U N IV�RS lTV O�(�I(AGO MAGAZI N �tMAY •••••.• • 1948THE COVERPaul Gray Hoffman, '12, newly named administratorof the $5,300,000,000 European Recovery Program-theMarshall Plan-has appeared in every paper across thenation the past few weeks.By now everyone who has read these articles isfamiliar with his many achievements: President of Stude­baker Corporation, Chairman of the Committee forEconomic Development, organizer of the ten-million­dollar China Relief in 1942, Director of Time, Incor­porated, 'and many others.The University knows Paul Hoffman in still anotherrole. He is a Trustee active in the welfare of his AlmaMater, is a Life Member of the Alumni Association, andin 1944 was one of those selected by his classmates atthe University to receive the Alumni Citation at Reunion.But students on the campus in 1908 remember Paulas a robust, ruddy-cheeked youth from Western Springs,Illinois, who enrolled at the University. One formerclassmate recalls a momentous trip which he made withPaul that fall.The other freshmen learned that Paul's father owneda Pope-Toledo touring car-an aristocrat of those days,and they persuaded him to persuade his family to borrowthe car for a trip to Evanston for the Chicag.o-North­western game.Apparently Paul's salesmanship was good even in thosedays, for he managed to persuade the family, and thejourney started immediately after breakfast from theDelta Tau Delta house where P.aul was a pledge. Thedistance was 23 miles, but the streets were mostly unpavedand the going was rough. It took until game-time toreach Evanston, with time out for punctured tires theyrepaired en route. Not daring to undertake the triphome after dark, Paul and the car were forced to stayovernight in Evanston while his companions took topublic transportation for the long trip home.Charles F. Axelson, '06, writing for the 1936 Rainbowof Delta Tau Delta Fraternity, recalls that Paul was agreat organizer, constantly promoting parties and clubs.His favorite pastime was playing billiards, and one storygoes that when his mother gave him two dollars to getcured of barbers' itch he spent this large addition to theweekly allowance on carom and masse shots and sold thecampus barber on the idea of giving him free treatments.Business ambition terminated his career at the U ni­versity before he received his degree. From then on hiscareer has been steadily and rapidly upward, culminatingwith his recent appointment for one of the biggest jobsof our era.Mrs. Hoffman is a Pasaden� girl whom Mr. Hoffman married while on the west coast in the automobile busi­ness.' They have five children of their own, plus threemore they have adopted. One recent columnist says thatthe youngsters, plus their dogs and friends, constitute asort of private Grand Central Station atmosphere at theHoffman home, but provides the atmosphere in whichPaul Hoffman likes to concentrate.This quiet-spoken, non-smoking, teetotaling Hoosierhas a heavy responsibility ahead of him, but his friendsat the University who have seen him in action knowthat he is a dynamo of energy and resourcefulness andfeel that they picked the right man for the job.NEW ASSOCIATE EDITOREmily Brooke, who has been Associate Editor for thepast three years while her husband was working for hisM.D., leaves with him in July for Rochester where hewill intern at Strong Memorial Hospital. SucceedingMrs. Brooke is Miss Vivian A. Rogers who is workingfor a master's degree in International Relations.Miss Rogers did herundergraduate work atAlbertus Magnus Collegein New Haven. While anundergraduate she soldan article from an inter­view with Tho r n tonWilder to the NewHaven Register for herfirst by-line. It was thebeginning of her careerin journalism.Summers found Viv­ian on the Register staffc 0 v e r i n g the "shore Vivian Rogersbeats" and the "strawhat (little theatre) circuit." She also wrote feature arti­cles for the Sunday magazine section of the Register.In August, 1943, Miss -Rogers became a member ofthe first class of women Marines commissioned at CampLejeune. While' in training she edited the first womenMarine newspaper. Vivian, later, was given two assign­ments which took her to practically every state for work'in public relations and rehabilitation.After V-J Day she accepted a position with the Veter­ans Administration as contact representative and associ­ate editor of the Chicago regional house organ whiletaking night journalism courses at Northwestern Uni­versity .. In January Miss Rogers registered on the Midway.She joined the alumni staff in March.MeditationTo. HURSDA Y noon (March 4) wesat at the Quadrangle Clubroundtable with Rollin Chamberlin.Rollin and his family had just re­turned from, an extended motor tripthrough the 'Arizona southwest. Itwas good to have him back at hisregular place in the dining room."We wanted to get back in time forthe Quadrangle Club Revels," he ex­plained.Friday evening was opening nightfor the Revels. Rollin and Mrs.Chamberlin were on hand to enjoythe hillbilly burlesque. The secondact had begun. Backstage center Dr.Wright Adams (Billings heart spe­cialist) sat on the floor next to us.Our bare feet were extended towardthe audience. We were part �f thechorus.Suddenly, from the left wings,someone crossed the stage and whis­pered to Wright. The audiencethought it was part of the act; weguessed it was a 'phone call fromBillings Clinics, because Wright gotup and went out. Only after the showdid we learn why Wright Adams leftthe stage. Rollin Chamberlin had hada heart attack ..The news spread quickly amonghis multitude of friends. We allhoped that Saturday would bring thereport we wanted to hear. But Satur­day brought sad news (see News ofthe Quadrangles).For nearly two decades we havesat more or less regularly at the lunch­eon roundtable with Rollin Chamber­lin. Who's Who lists his honors, ac­complislhments, and many positionsof responsibility. His modesty hadnever seemed to make us aware ofall this. He was simply a cordialfriend of every faculty member, stu­dent, and of ours. In the fam'ilyClement E.. Brooke, husband of ourAssociate Editor, received his M.D.at the Winter Convocation. He wasalso one of six students to be electedto Phi Beta Kappa. All 'of this meanswc lose our efficient and, personableAssociate Editor in June when Dr.and Mrs. Brooke move to Rochesterwhere Dr. Brooke will intern in theStrong Memorial . Hospital of theUniversity of Rochester. He will spe­cialize in pediatrics.RepublicanFrom the Tribune want ad section,March 3'0: "Available: Univ, ofChicago grad., single, 29, sincere,personable; Republican, seeks salesand/or administrative position withfuture. 11'2 yrs. sales exp., 41'2 yrs.Army administrative: Officer. $5,200.minimum. Address MM 404 Tribune.Tokyo signsFrom our on-the-spot Tokyo re­porter, Signs around the town:On a tailor shop: Ladies Have FitsUpstairs.A furrier's store: We make furout of your skin.Restaurant: American Style Chi­nese Restaurant.Dei Iti Hotel bar: Sorry, we haveno ice already.I l'ike your typographical job. Haveyou thought about a series on the pro­duction of the MAGAZINE? Could bequite interesting, I'd think. Why notexperiment 'with "shorts" like those.on featured alumni? I suspect thumb­nails of Morgenstern [One Man'sOpinion] and Lowery [News of theQuadrangles] may be a start in' thatdirection.Maybe I've been ,away too long, PADbut I'd like to know more -aboutwhat goes on behind the Memo Padyou so graciously share. A bouquet. .. [for] ... both the Bulletin and theMAGAZINE. Much, much improved;but again, who, why, and how? Bestto all of you.J. C. [Janet Cupler, '40JMinneapolis:Dear Janet: An inspiring letter ofthe most pleasant sort. But you seta poor example! What, why, and howare you doing? Are you still inter­ested in journalism? To answer yourquestions:Typography: The cover was designed.during the editorship, of the lateCharlton T. Beck with the profession­al assistance of the typography staffof the University Press. Like a lady'shat we hope it looks good on us butnot like anyone's else. The bodytype was selected for case in reading;the boldface subheads in the majorarticles are meant to introduce whitespace and extend the reader's curi­osity. Cuts are expensive but, by lib­eral reference to our cut files(morgue), we can frequently "openup" more pages; and the old cutsare apparently more popular becausethey are usually scenes from the dayswhen readers were students.Featured alumni: We're on our way(see Alumnus Buck Rogers in theApril issue), with Morgenstern andLowry corning up.Memo Pad: We do this page for ourown amusement. After such a columngets established, the readers (mostof whom, for some crazy reason, in­sist on anonymity) supply a majorityof the tips, introduced by "Here'sone for your Memo Pad ... " Ourgray hairs come from words that getmisplaced in the sentence structureor lose a letter in transit-like the "e"that fell off horde In the Buck Rogersarticle last month.lPeople and personalitiesOnce you asked what your readers' likedbest. I was a bit undecided. When. theMarch, 1948, issue arrived, suddenly I real­ized that I am always most interested inpeople. I am an inveterate keeper-and for­getter. But, I remember people and person­alities from "away back when." Many ofthese people did not know I existed but {orsome reason. made an impression on me.So, I read all the articles, letters, and newsof the classes which deal with personalities.March was a gold mine. It was nice toknow where Des jardien and Stagg werelocated-of course, we all knew about Staggbefore. Then there was Fred Burclty­he was in "my class" in physics under Har­vey Lemon. He 'and Louis Francesco andArt Tennenga were all' in that class, Ithink. I remember Burcky for a certainkindly pleasantness, Francesco for. never­failing courtesy and kindness, and Ten­nenga for a curious bitterness.The pre-med class was considered thehardest-because it was the only one intowhich I could get, I was in it - aboutthirty-eight pre-medics (aU men) and threeor four gals-that was in the fall and. win­ter of 1913-14.Also, in the March issue, was Dr. Good­speed's article. When I was growing upsummers at Harry Gillet's and "Doc" Moni­law's camp at Plum Lake, Wisconsin, theCoodspeeds owned an island in the lakeso were enjoyed by everybody around thelake. In the ordinary run of affairs, 1would not know anything further aboutthese people-through the Magazine I catchglimpses of them and what they are doing.It's funlIt was nice to see "Tower Topics" com­ing out again even -though under a newname. You will never put out a bettermagazine than that small paper came to be.I was in Denver and Boulder. in janu­ary, where I attended our annual meetingof Colorado County Welfare Directors. Iwent over to Boulder to see Mr. and Mrs.Fred Bramhall-l think Fred was in theclass of about 1904. He has been at theUniversity of Colorado for a long timeand is retiring this year. They havethree children-a boy who is specializingin labor and management relations, andthe two daughters who are in high school.While in Boulder I tried to see Dr.Ceorge Reynolds-he was at Chicago a year�go in the English Department for 'a year.Mrs. Reynolds has died in the past fewmonths. However. he was out that Sun­day. The Bramhalls were much interestedin Roy Baldridge'S latest book; Fred knewBaldridge at Chicago. So it goes.You may now take your well shinedshoes .off the editorial desk '[exactly ourposture when reading the maill] toss thisinto file thirteen, and remark that the an- .nual letter has come and gone.Oh yes, did anyone tell you Art andMargie Cody's, daughter got married thisyear-back east, at that! s I hope 1948 is being good to you. Shouldyou ever come to Colorado for 'a vacationdon't pass up Mesa Verde National Parkand the Dove Creek Country. Mesa Verdeis a most interesting place, I think, as didalso one Paul Martin who did some specialexcavations out here according to a letterDr. Monilaw sent me one year, and therejust isn't any more beautiful country inthe world than the Dove Creek Country­sez I, who should know. I helped settle it,didn't I?Louise Small, '15Dove Creek, ColoradoCaps were colle9iateAn alumni publication recently carrieda picture of Shorty Des Jardiens, Red Payneand John Vruwink-none of whom I wouldhave recognized because of the years, andthey would not know me, although of thesame vintage at Chicago.Des Jardi�ns Stegeman NeffHerewith ol.d photos of Shorty, HermanStegeman and myself, but the kodak pic­ture of Johnnie Vruwink about to toss aforward pass is most too dim to recognize.Note from the photos that caps were col­legiate in those days, and that an athletic"C" was worth something then, but neitherStegeman nor I had ours on.Loyd Neff, '14Kansas City, Mo.Early Case historyI was much interested in Harold Wil­loughby's article on Shirley Jackson Case­as much for what he omitted as for whathe touched upon. For it was not to beexpected that he should know that Dr.Case was my preparatory school Greekteacher up in the little New Hampshiretown of New Hampton, way back in 1898.There this great scholar was as dignifiedand as immersed in scholarly studies as ayoung man, and .as aloof hom the youngcampus me that hummed all about himas he probably was when Willoughby knewhim.Although athletics claimed a large part ofmy academic life In those days of ado­lescence, I dared not forget my Greek les­sons, and every day saw me toil laboriouslywith dictionary and notes to eke out themeaning of my 80 lines of the Iliad. Thosepiercing black eyes of "S. J." permitted notrifling with an assignment. And yet, as. the solitary student in advanced Greek, Ienjoyed Dr. Case's calm and deliberateclassroom manners. I never felt rushed!2 As a young man teaching at the NewHampton Literary and Biblical Institute,as it was called then, Dr. Case suppliedfrequently at church services. My fatherwas pastor of the village church and oftenhad Dr. Case conduct the Sunday morningservice as well as the evening prayer meet­ing when a large body of students at­tended. He was not an animated speaker,but to us boys he . seemed a bottomlessstore-house of philosophy and religion. Wenever could catch up with his ideas.In those days Dr. Case met the youngmusic teacher whom he later married. Mrs.Case was a Tilton girl of lively personality,full of fun. The students enjoyed her im­mensely. Dr. Case and his fiancee werefrequently seen strolling about the prettyvillage and even sitting upon the purplepainted fence that surrounded the campus.Social life in that institution in those dayswas austere and such deportment Waslooked upon by the Puritanic element, ofwhich there was a large slice in thatmountain-surrounded town, as extremelyout of place. But we young students en­joyed anything that broke the ice ofmonotony.Dr. Case was one of my favorite teachers,and now at the age past 60 I look backupon my early relations with him with abit of nostalgia. .Dorance S. White, PhD '32Iowa City) IowaDr. White is President tor 1947-48 Of theClassical Association of the Middle Westand South, and a professor in the Depart­ment of Classical Languages at the StateUniversity of Iowa. His undergraduatework was done at Bates College in Maine,and he received his Master's degree fromthe University oi Missouri.SurpriseI confess that I was a bit. surprised .toread in the January issue that we made6 x 8-foot enlargements here. ("The templewalls are first thoroughly cleaned ... thescenes are photographed. A skilled drafts­man draws on the 6 x 8-foot photograph. .. ") They would be a bit unwieldy toprepare and carry around. Our maximumenlargement is 20 x 24 inches. We findthat is about as large as the artist can Con­veniently handle. We could make largerones but fortunately are not often calledupon for such undertakings.Charles Francis Nims,Chicago Hause, Luxor, EgyptEgyptologist Photographer, OrientalInstitute Epigraphic SurveySince 1895Surgeons' Fi'ne InstrumentsSurqlcal EquipmentHospital and_ Office FurnitureSundries, Supplies, Dressingsv� MUELLER & CO.All Phones: SEEley 2180408 SOUTH HONORE STREETCHICAGO 12, ILLINOISLATIN AMERICA AND THE INDUSTRIALAGE, by J. Fred Rippy, Professor of Ameri­ce n History. Putnam.Anticipating an accelerated industrial de­velopment in South America in the nextquarter-century, Dr. Rippy, an authority onLatin America, has brought this book,published in 1944, up to date.After telling the story of the arrival ofthe steamboat, the railways, and the, tele­graph in Latin America, Dr. Rippy dealsin more detail with the progress and in­fluence of these industries in the indivi­dual countries.He tells the fantastic story of why rub­ber never had much of a chance, largelybecause the promoter of rubber stockstoo early discovered 'that "saps wouldyield better returns than saplings'."Of course there is the story of oil andthe development of such industries as 'steel,cotton manufacturing, glfairl mil1ing, su­gar and meat processing, the growth ofthe coffee industry and the introductionof commercial airways.In all this development a good deal ofthe dynamics came from outside LatinAmerica. Not only the United States butBritain, France, Germany, and other coun­tries invested capital and skills throughthe decades.Bearing in mind that these Latin Ameri­can countries will want more and more torun their own shows, Dr. Rippy feels that"the United States may be destined to playa larger part than they have played in the. past ... The quality of our achievement willdepend upon our wisdom, our ideals, andour skills." This book, with seventeenpages of bibliographical notes, will con­tribute to this understanding. THE U,NIVERSITY OF CHICAG,O.MAGAZINEVolume 40 May, 1[948 Number 8VIVIAN A. ROGERSAssociate Ed:itorPUBLISHE'D BY THE ALUMNI' ASSOCI,ATIO.NEMILY D. BROOKEAssociate EditorHOWARD W. MORTEdlitorWltUAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETTE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN T HIS ISS U ETHE COVER-NEW ASSOCIATE EDITOR,EDITOR'S MEMO PADLETTERSBOOKSTHE PROBLEM OF WORLD GOVERNMENT, Robert M. HutchinsCover ICover I'- 123578- 10111315- 16- 22- 23•- 32CONSTELLATIONS, LTD. -THE UNIVERSITY Is IN BUSINESS, Vivian RogersSENIOR MEDICAL DIN NERSTUDENT WORLD, Emerson E. Lynn, Jr.CANCER AND OTHER RES�ARCtIMORE READING LISTSNEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES, Jeannette LowreyREUNION PROGRAMNEWS OF THE CLASSESCALENDARCOVER: Paul Gray Hoffman, '12, ne�ly named administrator of theEuropea'" Recovery Program (the MarshaU Pian).Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. -Annual subscrip­tion price $3.00� Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act .)f March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., IS theofficial advertising agoncy of the Magazine.BLACKSTONE,H'ALLAnExclusive Women's HotelIn the" Univers'ity of CMca90 DistrictOfferin.g G,r,aceful living to Uni­vers'ity and Business Women atModerate T • riffBLACKSTONE HAtL5748Blachtone' Ave. rele1phonePlaza 3313Verna P. Werner, 'Director BUSINESSCARE,ERSEn ter the bustnesa wor-ld well preparedQualify for the pleasant, beUer-paying po:altlons that are held only by trajned per�sonnet. Since 1904, YQung men and womenof Chicago have increased their earntngcapacity thl'Ough MacCormac trainln�.Re,glste'r' now ·for any of the ,followingcourses::. Typing • Accounting• Shorthand • Business Administration• Stenograph • Advertising• Comptometry • Executive SecretarialDay or evening classes. G.' I. Approv.ed.Visit us.Phone M writ, for catalOl/Mac CORMAC SCHOOLSLOOP57 W. 1\lonroe St.RANdolph 8595 SOUTH SIDE1170 Eo �3rd St.BUTterfield 6363fHE FRIGHTENED BUILDINGRestlessly watching the approach of the mighty steamshovels, which sta.rted .at S6t:h and Ellis and worked so,uth. (in the process of ,di9'ging the deep basement for the hugeAccelerator Building), this nervous three-story bric], oppo-site the entrance to the West Stands, finally took out on, its own.Moving cautiously into Ellis Av,enue and swinging south,like this column of type, it straightened out and, backed.north on Ellis to the middle of the next block, where itslipped quietly i111 betweeln two eper+men+ houses on thewest side of the street end se+tled back with the hopethat never a'gain would it be so rudely disturbed.Said the 75-year-o,ld foreman in charge of the flight, whenasked how you move such a buiJdin.g: "Vy" you irack himup, put him on rollers, and :pu'll�tha;f's all."4THE PROBLEM OFWORLD GOVERNMENTThis is the complete te'xt of the address by ChancellorHutchins on the University of Chiceqo Round Table,April 4, 1948. Other speakers were: Pandit Jawaharla:1Nehru, Prime Minister of India" and V. K. Wellington Koo,Chinese Ambassador to the United States.THE official American policy is to frighten Russiaout of its alleged intention to establish world gov­ernmen t, on the Russian plan, by force and fraud.According to present indications the American electionsnext autumn can make little change in this policy; foreach candidate for the Republican nomination is seekingfavor on the ground that his principles and personalitywill frighten the Russians more than those of any ofhis rivals.Marty Americans want to go farther still. They seethat a policy of frightening Russia will merely postponethe war which is to decide whether we have world gov­ernment on the' Russian plan or world government on'the American plan. Therefore �hcy want to fight Russianow while we are overwhelmingly stronger than she.They are calling for 'a preventive war.Talk of a preventive war is vicious and perverted.H we seriously entertain the idea of a preventive war,we ought first to make our apologies to the Nazis wehanged at Nuremberg: Talk of any war, now or la.er,is not much better. The best that can be said for itis that it is recklessly frivolous.This is, we often hear, a Christian country, and themessage of Christ calls us to good will, to the love ofour neighbor, to the renunciation of the goods of thisworld, to humility, and to the forgiveness, not theslaughter, of our enemies. To .say that we must killCommunists because they are atheists and we areChristians is a strange distortion of Christianity.Those who believe in preventive war have one pointon their side. They are correct in holding that, a policyof frightening Russia cannot permanently succeed. Someday Russia will have the atomic bomb. Some day Russiawill feel strong enough to prefer fighting to being fright­ened. Then the next war will come, and after it willcome world government for such world as we have left.World government win come by conquest, instead ofbyorderly constitutional procedure.Have we forgotten what the scientists have told usabout the next war? If it comes when both sides havethe atomic bomb, the cities of both �ides will be de­stroyed. I do not care about architecture. The men,\Vomen, and children in our cities will be blown to. bits.The atomic, bomb is a weapon directed against civilians). • By ROBERT M. HUTCHINSIf, we go to war before the Russians have the atomicbomb, we may expect the horrors of bacteriological war­fare. We may expect the death 'of millions of innocentpeople. We may expect the disruption of our owneconomy and of our 'own form of government: We shallJay Europe waste, Europe, our ancestral homeland,Europe, for the sake of which we are now preparing torwar. And when the war is over, if it ever is, we shallhave the task of imposing our w�ll by force for centurieson the peoples we have defeated. World government bythe conquest of the world means perpetual war.That we can lightheartedly discuss such a programnot three years after the death of Hitler suggests thatHider has triumphed after all, He was the symbol ofbrute force in our time. He was defeated, but we, hisconquerors, are now preparing to bow down before theidol which he worshiped.There is a good deal of hypocrisy about our attitudetoward Russia. We do not believe that Russia is readyto attack us. We cannot seriously think that all Russiansare bloodthirsty villains and that all the actions of theAmerican government through history have .the pme,angelic quality that we ascribe to them. Have we for­gotten how we got the Panama Canal? Have weforgotten our continual interference, often. for nobetter reason than the protection of our investments, inthe internal affairs of Latin-America? The Russianshave behaved stupidly, rudely;. tyrannically. Our ownconsciences cannot be altogether dear. We might askourselves how we should feel 'if the Russian Secretaryfor Air were to say of us what our Secretary for Air saidof Russia a week or so ago, when he stated publiclythat our planes could now drop bombs on Russian citiesand return to their bases in America.The peoples of the earth want freedom and justice.They do not want to' be individuals without duties orautomatons without rights. Communism denies themfreedom. The critical spirit of man works against com­munism. Differences among individuals work· againstcommunism; for it holds that all men are identical.The European tradition of free expression, a free press,and political parties works against communism. Inven­tion in the arts, discovery in the sciences, carelessness,restlessness, humor, rational skepticism and religiousfaith work against it.Wha:t works for it? Nothing but injustice, whichappears to millions today in - the prospect of endlessstarvation and exploitation. The people of Europe donot want and will not long tolerate Communist justiceat the expel1:se of freedom. But the people of Europe56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE. cannot be permanently. intimidated, and they cannotbe permanently bought: They must have before theireyes some positive idea, some positive program, whichoffers them both freedom and justice.The "Stop Russia" program does not meet theserequirements. The time is one for imagination, inven-- tion, for the effort to raise ourselves by our own boot­straps into a different spiritual world, This effort isharder than a policy of vast military preparations andresounding threats. But it has the merit of relieving usfrom condemnation by our own moral code. It has themerit of, offering hope to mankind.. Another war willmean the end of all hopes whatever.We should strain our minds and imaginations to inventa political structure which may unite the world in�lfeedom and justice. The aim is unity, which comes byagreement, not unification, which is imposed by force.The aim is a world state which rests not on the uneasy,impermanent, and unjust foundation of conquest, buton the durable basis of the consent of the governed.Such a world state !Dust be a federal government, foronly a federal government can create peace and safe­guard liberty while preserving order. Such a world gov ..ernment must be a government, and not, like the UnitedNations, a league of independent, sovereign states, per­petuating the malady of nationalism. Such a worldgovernment must protect freedom, and it, must hefounded on justice ; for men will fight until they gettheir rights.Can such a world constitution be invented? I thinkso; for the Committee to Frame a World Constitution,established at Chicago two and a half years ago at theinitiative of G. A.' Borg.ese, has just published a draftof a possible world constitution which contains theseelements.Can such a world constitution be adopted? Nobodyknows.' But such a world constitution offers a positive.idea. Hence it has a chance of gaining the adherenceof mankind.Can such. a constitution guarantee that there' willnever be another war? Of course not. But it offers ahope that there will not be another war, and the onlyhope we have. If a constitution proposing freedom andjustice' is accepted by most of the world, with the excep-.tion of Russia and her satellites, then there may bewar. But it will be a war in which we cannot be accusedof seeking our own aggrandizement, the submission ofothers to our will, or the domination of the world. Awar, if it comes then, will be one in which the issueswill be far plainer, in which our allies will be far morenumerous and more loyal, and in which our sense ofrighteousness and high: purpose will be far stronger thanthey can be today. .But the main point of contrast is this: the foreign policy of the United States means that warIs inevitable.'World government founded on freedom and justicemeans that war, though stil'l possible, is no longer inev­itable. If war is inevitable, civilization has no future.AU Americans who hope for a future for their chil­dren, all Americans who want one good world, all Amer­icans who believe in the brotherhood of man, shouldcall upon the President and upon Congress to initiate aworld constitutional convention. .The mission of America is not to dominate the world,but to transform it.QUACKS IN COURTIt's been many a day since Dr. Anton J. Carlson. Distin­guishe,d Service Professor Emeritus of Physiology. appearedbefore a reunioning alumni body. But this year he will bea major feature of Reunion week-end.At the Alumni Assembiy in Mandel June II. Dr. Carlsonwill speak on "lqncrance, :Faith, and Fraud in Medicine."Wiith his Swedish humor and scientific bluntness, Dr. Carl­'son wiU draw on his forty years' experience in the Federalcourts, whe.re he has helped expose quackery in medicine.We are very pleased to present in person one of Chicago'sfamous professors noted for his eternal quesflen "Vot isfhe evidence?" and known by generations of elumnl, Yousaw his plcfure on Time's cover, read the' story of his lifein the Post, and will soon read about him in Coronet.CONSTELLA TI'ONS LTD.WE have a suspicion tha.t Stephen S. Visher, '09,SM '10, PhD '14, Professor of Geography atIndiana University, would rather juggle figuresthan eat. Give him a huge volume of statistics and adesk lamp and you won't have to entertain him forweeks. It's hill substitute for stamp albums or miniatU'retrains.I t was Dr. Visher, who, some years ago,. plowedthrough an entire volume of Who's Who in America tocome up with the information that one in every 16 wasa Chicago alumnus: Later his fascination turned to theStarred Men of Science and he wrote four articles forthe MAGAZINE showing the high Chicago ranking inthese areas.In his professional field, Dr. Visher has been 'on officialgeographical expeditions from Alaska to the South SeaIslands, Australia, Italy, Spain, Britain and the WestIndies, with articles, reports and volumes to prove it.Maybe Mark Twain didn't think anyone did anythingabout the weather but he couldn't have known StephenVisher, the .man' who studies all the facts; puts them ingraphs, tables, and diagrams. in volumes; as evidencefor or against. His latest volume was Climate in Indiana(1944) .Now Stephen Visher is back to his hobby=-this timewith a 579-page volume called Scientists Starred, 1903-1943 in American Men of S cience (Johns Hopkins Press,$4.50). Taking the 2,607 scientists who have been starredsince J. McKeen Cattell began setting these men apartin 1903, Dr. Visher puts them through every conceivablehoop in a ten chapter, circus.In this book of facts, figures and tables, anyone ofthirty alumni magazine editors could find statistics ofone form or another that would be flattering to his in­stitution. Some of the articles might be a little strainedin getting a major story from a minor statistic but whateditor of us doesn't strain at times to flatter Alma Mater!Recognizing this weakness we launch lightly into a fewtables where' Chicago makes a good showing.Of the 2,607 starred men, 2232 received degrees from.United States or Canadian institutions of higher learn­ing. They are from 263 U. S. and 6 Canadian schools ..The 12 institutions having the greatest number of starredgraduates are:Harvard .Yale .Cornell .Michigan .Columbia .Chicago . Organizedin23,3 1636109 170189 186582 181765 175464 1892 Organizedin186,118681'87617461849!821M. I. T 63California 61Johns Hopkins. 5,3Princeton 46WisconSIn 43Amherst 40 The percentage of starred men supplied by the lead­ing universities:Harvard 8%Chicago 6'<}'0California., 5% Yale 4%Cornell ...............• 3%Stanford 3%Percentage of starred alumni in relation to enrollmentssince 193·2:Chicago 2.20/0Cornell 1.8%Hopkins ' " LG%Harvard 1.4% Yale , 1.4%Cal. Tech 1.1%Illinois 1.1 %'Swarthmore 1.0%Wisconsin -", . . . . . . . . .. 1.0%Twelve categories are used in allocating these starredmen:Anatomy, Anthropology, Astronomy, Botany, Chemis­try, Geology, Mathematics, Pathology, Physics, Physi­ology, Psychology and Zoology. The five universities hav­ing the most. number of starred alumni since 1932 are:Harvard 44 California " 30Chicago 36 Cornell 21Yale ...•................ 18A few categories in which Chicago ranks wen in starredalumni are:GeologistsSince 1932Harvard 38 5Yale 21 3Cornell 16 3 Since 1932Chicago '" 12 7California 12 7Amherst 9 2Columbia 9 3PhysicistsSince 1932Wisconsin ..... 21 2M. I. T. 18 3Harvard 17 2 Since 1932Cornell 15 5Hopkins •..... 14 1Columbia ..... 13 2Chicago 11 6Physiologists .Since 1926Harvard 12 4- Yale 8 0 Since 192()Hopkins 7 0Chicago 6 5Michigan ..... 6 3Institutions having the largest percentage of starredmen on their faculties in 1938:Harvard ;;, 7.2% Yale 4.1%Columbia �i; 4.90/0 California 4.0%.Chicago <if�-4.l % Hopkins . . 3.5%Twenty universiiies have recently employed more thanone per ce:n t of the starred scientists: Harvard, 7 % ;Chicago, 50/0; Columbia, 5<70; California, 470; Yale,4% ....Visher's book is much more than such tables as theforegoing. He presents many summaries .and tentativeexplanations of the variations in yield. The final chapter,based on 906 returns of a comprehensive questionnaire,presents data of widespread interest, such. as the scien­tist's conclusions as to what influences especially affectedthem and what qualities are most desirable. Rankinghigh are enthusiastic teachers and curiosity and perser­verance.THE UNIVERSITY IS IN BUSINESST HURSDA'Y evening from January through March. the auditorium of the Loop's John Marshall LawSchool rang with the terms "international trade,'"foreign lending," "United States commercial policy."Listeners, coa�hed to ask leading questions in the. dis­cussion period, could relax. It was more a matter ofgetting the floor.What was taking" place? The lectures were part ofthe post-graduate plans of the Executive Program Clliub-the alumni association of the Executive Program, in­augurated . by the School of Business five years ago toprovide professional training for leaders in the man­agement field. One graduate explained the series thisway:"Management must learn from someone in whom ithas confidence. _It doesn't believe the papers any mor�,and it has never believed the politicians. But it willlisten to men wjth' no axes to grind, who are teachingbecause they are interested in the truth about a ques­tion. In the Executive Program we saw our role in rela­tion to the national economy. Now we're looking fordirection in the part we play in world economy. We'resure that the men connected with higher learning canput it over."Subscriptions to the series enabled the members andtheir guests-mostly from the top management of theircompanies-to hear University of Chicago ProfessorsMilton Friedman, Eli Shapiro,· Lloyd Metzler, GaleD. Johnson, and .Theodore W. Schultz. J. Kenneth.Galbraith of Fortune, Burke Knapp of the Board ofGovernors of the Federal Reserve System, John A. Loftusof the School of Advanced International Studies andHarry D. Gideonse of Brooklyn College came to speakin this command performance.The Execut'ive ProqremHow is this esprit de corps explained? The graduatessay it is the University's Executive Program itself, whichgenerates a continuing interest in broad social, economicand business problems.Willard J: Graham, Professor of Accounting andDirector of the" Executive- Program, told his version."The Executive Program certainly aims at sustainingand increasing the students' enthusiasm, but the businessmen's own spirit of inquiry was the inspiration for the ..development of the Program."Before the University inaugurated the two-year grad­uate program in 1943, Professor Graham had learnedfrom talking with prospective students at UniversityOollege that many highly qualified business executivesfelt the need for professional business training on a.'graduate level. To test his conclusions, he spoke withmore than fifjty leading Chicago industrialists and thenpresented their recommendations. to the School of Busi-ness faculty on the Midway. . • By VIVIAN A. ROGERSRobert M. Hutchins gave his unqualified endorse­ment of the Program. When it was pointed out to himthat registration in war-time might be small, he com­mented:"If it's worth doing for fifty, it's worth doing for ten."From the first year, many more persons have appliedthan could be accepted, and currently only about one­third of the applicants can be admitted.Three points of view are used in making selections.Can they carry the Program? What can they contribute?What can they do with what they have learned?Education and experience are leads to the business­man's ability to carry the Program. Experience is ameasure.. of his ability to contribute to class discussionsand solutions of problems. His opportunity to use effec­tively what he learns is reflected in the statement fromhis employer, showing the extent of present responsi­bility and the chances for increased responsibility ofpromotion.Only faculty members of professorial rank are <'aIledon to develop and present the program. Each instructoris a specialist in his field, with broad practical experienceand thorough technical training behind him.Every course at the School of Business Administrationrelating to the type of problem experienced business menshould be thinking about has been "abstracted" and m�depart of the Executive Program curriculum. Governmentregulation of business, accounting, economics, statistics,marketing} production, industrial relations, and financeform the early core . of studies. Later announcementsshow constant condensation, acceleration and addition.Lectures on public relations, public speaking and reportwriting were introduced this year.Labor pains"The most decisive factor in the success of the entireProgram is still the business man's willingness to makethe required sacrifice of time and effort," the Directorpointed out.Wi"IIard J. Graham, Professorof Accounting and Direct()(of the Executive Programsince its begi,nning in 1943.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICA-GO MAGAZINEBusiness men like W. E. L�ntis of Medford, Oregon,have left family, home and business to register in theprogram. Lantis first heard about the training_ in 1945when he was in Chicago for a shoe convention. Heturned over his shoe business in Oregon to a partner andpromised his family reunions between quarters beforesettling down to the two years of concentrated study.His sacrifices were rewarded when he was graduatedwith the third group last June.Some students have refused promotions which wouldhave taken them beyond commuting distance. CadOlson of International Harvester, who was promotedand transferredto Evansville, Indiana, before his trainingwas over, could count on two nights of sleepless trainrides each week."It is not the class work I mind; it's the homework,"is a typical remark. The two class meet�ngs take onlythree hours a night. But study, outside reading, andresearch have required between fifteen and twenty hourseach week. 'Following an assignment to work out the YorktownManufacturing Company consolidated statement, thestudents were puzzled by the classmate who had finishedthe problem "in one sitting." The "sitting," he hastenedto add, had taken place outside the delivery room - at ahospital,' where he spent eighteen hours thankful for thedistraction of the balance sheet.The lively give and tale of the classroom discussionexplains the popularity of these hours of study. Here, .too, is where the students' contribution to the programis especially evident. Their contribution is taking aneven more lasting form. Professor Judson Neff is em­ploying the "case method" exclusively in his course inAdministrative Policy being taught during the SpringQuarter. Each "case" describes an actual business situa­tion which demands that management act. Class, dis­cussions seek to work out plans for suitable action. Thestudent, applies the "case method" to problems in hisown firm. His reports of actual business, situations willbe used as text material for students of future classes.It is anticipated that the most outstanding studies willbe published.Three Groups have been graduated since the Programbegan. All persons who completed the course satisfac­torily have been awarded the Executive Program Certifi­cate. The degree of Master of Business Administrationhas been granted to graduates holding a Bachelor's de­gree.Three students came to the Program without any col­lege training and left v'vith a Master's degree. Theyare Roger Crise of the Accounting Department ofInternational Harvester, Henry R. Lott of Carnegie­Illinois Steel, and Theodore A. Renstrom of Booth, Allen 9Graduates of the Third Group and Mr. Gra,ham after c.onvocaHonJune, 1947.and Hamilton. They had proven by their performanceon the general education examination and on the com­prehensive examination in their elective fields. of spe­cialization that they w�re capable of study on a graduatelevel. Their theses bridged the last mile to the Master'sdegree.Few business executives under thirty or over fifty havequalified for enrolment. Most of the members are withinthe age range from early thirty to forty-five.Classes have been purposely limited to fifty or sixtystudents to encourage greater individual participationand discussion. The Fifth Group with eighty studentsis the exception. N ext year the University plans toreturn to the lower limit.Up fr-om the basementFifteen women executives have been graduated fromthe Program. Kay R.. Rowell won top honors in theThird Group. When she entered she was advertisingmanager in the basement (Budget Floor) at MarshallField. Following gradlJ'ation she was promoted to adver­tising manager of the store.Several members of the University have been amongthe women graduates. Clara Peterson Willoughby, as­sistant to the Dean, University College, and Evelyn, S. Drake, supervisor of the women's residence halls, werein the Third Group. Mae Collen, University employ­ment manager, will be graduated this June.Industry has been taking an increasingly serious interest'in the, Program. Many companies' have fitted the Pro­gram into their own employee education plan. MarshallField, Sears Roebuck, Johnson & Johnson, InternationalHarvester, Walgreen, Chicago Title and Trust, are afew of the larger businesses represented.(Concluded on Page 21)SENIOR MEDICAL DIN·NERThe Senior. Medical Dinner .. Left fo rigM at speakers' ta.ble: Drs. F.Josep:h Mullin, Peter P •. H. DuBruyn, DonaM G. ArndtersonJ,. M. EdwardDavis, Clayton G. Leesll, I..-eonardi Lee, Lowell T. Coggeshall. Seatedat the tab'le in the foreground: (reading clockwise): Drs, KathrynKnowlton, William H. Smith, Winslow Fox, Ja,ne Spra<gg.GREAJTER emphasis on the personal relationship.between th? doctor an? the patient �ust be givenif the medical profession would adjust the com­mon grievances which prejudice the public against itsmembers.This was the advice of Dr. Donald G. Anderson, Sec­retary of the Council on. Medical Education and Hos­pitals, American Medical Association, who was the -mainspeaker at the dinner given in honor 'of the senior' Classof the School of Medicine on Marich 18 at the Shore­land Hotel."More common complaints could he largely attributedto the general failure on the part' of the doctor to showregard and consideration which his patients r�ghtfunyfeel are due their anxieties, their physical comforts, theirconvenience, and their intelligence," he said ..Pointing out that the medical profession would neverbe entirely free frem public criticism "so long as menfall sick and die," he nevertheless concluded:"If each of us will put the question to himself: 'AmI treating the patient the way I would want to betreated?' the profession which we cherish need never beconcerned about the future." Dr. M. Edward Davis, first Joseph Bolivar DeLeeProfessor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, served as toast­master.Representing the faculty, Dr. Peter P. H. De Bruyn,Chairman of the Department of Anatomy, spoke, con­trasting the medical student teaching program in theUnited States with that of the European university. Heobserved that the American university permitted moreintimate contact between student and faculty than theEuropean tradition' allowed. Furthermore, in this coun­try, particularly at the University of Chicago, he noteda closer association between clinical and preclinical de­partments, with greater dove-tailing of courses.Dr. C. G. Loosli, President of the Alumni Associationand Editor of the Medical Alumni Bulletin, presentedthe official' key of the Alumni A:ssocia tion to DeanJoseph Mullin "in recognition of his excellent servicesto the students and alumni as secretary of the InterneCommittee and Dean of Students in the Division of theBiotogical Sciences.For the first time in the history. of the Medical Schoolspecial awards were granted to faculty members selected, by the senior class for "particular recognition of theirability and sincere interest in teaching medical students."Leonard Lee, representative of the graduating class,announced that the following men were chosen for thishonor: Dr. Robert G. Bloch, Professor of Medicine andChief of the Division of Chest Diseases; Dr. DouglasBuchanan, Associate Professor of Pediatrics; Dr. LesterDragstedt, Professor and Chairman, Department ofSurgery; and Dr. Steph�n Rothman, Professor of Derma.­tology.Dean Lowell T. Coggeshall presented the BordenAward of $500 to senior student Morris A. Lipton, forhis paper "On the Mechanism of the Anaerobic Syn­thesis of Acetylcholine." The paper, which appeared inthe November 1946 issue of The Journal of BiologicalChemistry, has been caned an important contribution tounderstanding the role of acetylcholine in nerve metab­olism.HIGHUGHTS OF. REUNIONSEE PAGE 22Thursday evening: "Leaders for Tomorrow" by Constance Warren.Fri,d�y evening: Report to Alumni by 'President 'E. C. Cdliwen."'Ignorance, ,Faith, a.nd Fraud in Medicine" by Dr. A. J. Carlson.Satuflday afternoon:: AII-A'I'uM:ni Reception and musicale by a'lumni of MusicDe;partment.Saturday even,i1ng.: Th:irty-eig'hth University Sing.10STUDENT WORLDS· TARVAT10N, lawlessness, and constant politicalunrest may make visits to Europe or the Near­East seem unattractive to the casual traveler butto students anxious to understand their causes and worktoward their elimination, they are powerful drawingcards. This summer, fifty University of Chicago students,chosen for their scholastic ability, maturity, and sin­cerity of purpose, are going to England, Czechoslovakia,France, Palestine, and seven other European countrieswith precisely those objectives in mind.The project is sponsored by the University as theUniversity of Chicago Summer Seminar in Europe. How­ever, the students are managing all the details. Theyhave formed a campus committee which is arrangingfor transportation, housing, passports and visas, briefing,and raising the estimated $30�OOO which will be neededfor transportation. All personal expenses incurred dur­ing the two-and-one-half-month visit will be met by theindividual students.. Research projects vary from a study on the assimila­tion of illegitimate Negro children in England to theinfluence of surrealism on the French theatre and cinema.The majority, however, bear directly upon the presentpolitical and economic conditions in Europe, Full re­search credit will be granted by the University for theirwork.England, at the crisis of its experiment with socialism,was overwhelmingly popular as a choice for study. Overhalf of the students will do their work there and themajority of their projects will directly concern socialismand its effects on private business, the medical profession,the tax structure, labor unions, the press, religion, andeducation institutions. Gabriel Fackre and his wife, bothdivinity students on campus, plan to 'examine the 'prac­tical relation between the Christian faith arid socialismas it is interpreted by the English dergy. Mr. Fackresaid, "It has long been the contention of many writersthat socialism is the political expression of Christianity­we should like to see if British Christian leaders haveaccepted and are acting upon this idea. '"France and Csechoslovakia were second and thirdchoices. Still recognized as a culturai center for theWestern world, it is not surprising that almost everyoneof the students interested in literature and developmentsin philosophy chose' France for their summer's work.Among these, Al Votaw, a senior in the College, isgoing to investigate the effect of Existentialist thoughton French youth .. He said,. "The Existentialists today aredoing the most significant political thinking', in France;their awareness of critical problems of motivation andof organization is refreshing and highly valuable at atime in which the cliche seems to be. the highest intel .. • By EMERSON E. LYNN. JR.lectual level of most ·persons active in politics. A studyof the exact development of their political ideas as wellas of their influence should have more than a mereacademic value."Czechoslovakia, in its unique position as buffer statebetween Western Europe and Russia, was chosen bymany students who wished to make studies of Demo­cratic Socialism and a society managed under that sys­tem. Since all of the projects were planned months ago,the radical change 4l�:the Czechoslovakian scene was notanticipated and' students who had intended to go thereare now uncertain whether they will find it either pos-sible or desirable to do so. .Over 80 per cent of the fourty-four men in the seminarare veterans and many of them fought in the countrieswhere they will return this summer to continue-withdifferent weapons-the struggle for a peaceful world.Jack Frankel, a 23 year old U. of C. Law student,who will work in London with a private solicitor there,typifies their attitude: '''I saw England when it wascrowded with American soldiers. Grosvenor Square wasLit-de America. London today must be as different fromthe war. period as the war period was from the Cham­berlain days. Eros back in Piccadily and the Jaunty G.I.,( meaning me) no' longer crowding the sidewalks-well,that's what I look forward to seeing. Now there shouldbe leisure to complete an association started on week­end passes." Frankel will devote his working hours toEme,rson E. Lynn. Jr.win get his bachelor'sd:egree in J,une, a:nd con­tinue In the d'ivisions tostudy i,nternational rela­Hons. Lynn went fromlola (Kansas), HighSchool i:nto the ail: for'ceswhere he beeeme a st,,:ff .sergeant radar �instruc-·tor. While in service hemet a,n old ex-Associ­�*ed Press mlln, qradu- .afe· ora miid-west seheel�f journalism, who said,if he' had it to do over'agai,n he'd duck the [our-rialism school in favor of lynnfhe... Univers.i+y of Ghicago.lyrtn' h,ad never heard of the Un,iversity of Chitag'o butlong talks'with the A.P. man brought on, a Chicago deter­mi'natic>n. Lynn returned to lola and worked as a. reporteron theJola Daily Register, under his uncle's ow:nership andhis dad,.· who is maJnaging editor, until his application wasaccepted at Chicago. We met him on a dudent prom(),;"tion job and were impressed wifh his wri'fi'ng •. You will be·reading future stories in the MAGAZINE over his by-line.1112 •THE UNI.VERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEan investigation of the efilects of socialism on privaselegal practice.All of thos'e students who chose non-English speakingcountries were required to have a speaking knowledgeof tile language of the country of their choice. But fewwere so prepared as Morris Halle, 24-year:-old instructorof Russian in the College.In a statement prepared for his hometown papers hesaid, "My, �bi!Jty to convers� in English, .. German, Rus­sian, '.' Hebrew, Lettish, and French, plus reading fluencyin Latin, Polish, and Sanskrit, impresses people some­how. 1'hey don't realize that when one is born in acountry: where a large portion of the population is tri­lingual, one language more or less is not much of astrain on your brain." Halle is destined for France wherehe will investigate the influence the 'hordes of Americanand BFitish soldiers made on the French spoken tongue.There were no age or sex requirements for applicants.Seven are women, .several of whom served in the ,tV ACSor 'WAVES, and ages range f-rom 18 to 39 while the de­gree of formal education varies from fourth year in theCollege to several who are working for their doctor'sdegrees.The, U niversity and the students are convinced thatthe work they do. and the experience they gain will addto the building of international understanding which isso vital to world peace. The words of Harry Gourevitch,one of the youngest of the group, are perhaps symbolicof their hopes. "Born in Germany, of .Russian patents,I am a citizen of no country. I have looked upon rnvseifas a citizen of the world. Peace and international co­operation are words which contain our salvation and Iwin work ceaselessly for their realization.'&irst Session. ·'of Intercollegiate Assembly oJ the United·. N,ations,March 24, Man.del Han. At the ,pod,iwm., Richard S" Wi-nsl'ow, 'Seere­tary-Gen'e:ral of :�he U. S. Miss!iom +'0 U.N .. 'Seated rigiht,'r�air" He·r.m,a,r:IFiner, Pro.fessor of Polliticall Scrience. Seated rear "I�£t,)' pe'nter, WilliamCiO-enbaum, Student Forum Director and S�cretary-Gener�1 of th'e.Asse'mbly, rear I.eft, Lowden Wingo, U. of, C. Econ'omics 'stu,dent"Assi'sta,nt Secretary-General. ., '-"Chile feels that the recent Czechoslovakiar. coup isa threat to. the peace and so comes under the jurisdic­tion of the Security Council." , . . "The pres en t Czecho'slovakian .government is an expression of the will of tbepeople. No violence was used to. establish the govern­ment. The matter is entirely the affair of the Czechpeople and cannot be considered by this body." , ' '"Why has a censorship. on news been established joPrague?" . , . ':Ce-rtain control of information is nec'essary when a government is in process of change" . ' .Smiling but weary,' the 160 delegates representing 2,5universities from Montana to Florida expressed theIrcomplete satisfaction with the mock U.N. conferenceheld on campus' during the spring vacation and re'turned home to. report the results of their work., IThey had, (1) passed a bill of International HumanRights; (.2) established a U.N. Trusteeship over PaleS'tine and erected an international police force to patrolthe country and enforce their decision; (3) devisedmeans of limiting the use of the veto; and (4) failed\ to pass a single resolution in the Security Council dueto repeated Russian vetoes.The Assembly, ,conceived and established by StudentFon�:m I).irector· William Birenbaum U. of C. Law,student, was called to "provide a national forum for thediscussion of international affairs and' to give studentS \.'. ' Ifan opportunity to know the United Nations by worklnOwithin a facsimile of its strutture." Birenbaum beamed,. d"It was a huge success, even God Was with us-we, bathree days .of perfect weather."Each of the 51 schools present was assigned on� ofthe 57 U�N. member nations to represent. InstructioJlSWere to subli'mate their own views on the matters to be.. ; ..', ofdiscussed and argue as would Icelanders, FrenchmenSaudi Arabians. � Southern delegates gagged morneWtarily on an Assembly recommendation that the U,S. �.. 1 . ttL. P 'd' " Civil Lib . R t butImp ernen He; res]!· ent s IVl "1, erties eporrecovered and voted' through the measure. Russi�(Columbia University) and her satellites immediatel1formed a block and prevented consideration of theCzechoslovakian situation in the 'Security Council.., tedIn the first day of the conference the Assembly deCofficers and immediately ad journed to do its work j,!1committee. The Security Council, with Harvard repre-seating . the Un�ted States; Columbia, the USSR; 'Th,cUniversity of 'Chicago, France; The University of MiarJl1,the United Kingdom; Southern Methodist University,China; and �ix others representing the non_permanetl;members, discussed Czechoslovakian problems atlFranco Spain .. 'Committee I (political and security), considered �bc'use of the veto; Committee III. (social, humanitaOaJland cultural) concocted a hill of International hu-rnllJlTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINErights; and Committee IV (trusteeship), submitted asol�tion to the vexing situation in Palestine. IWhile the majority of the work was done by the del­egates alone, they received aid and counsel from fiveimported experts. The first meeting or the Assemblywas opened with an address by Richard S. Winslow,Secretary-General of the United States Mission to theU.N., who outlined the present condition of the U.N.and made clear the Ll.S. position on the veto question."The same conditions which made unanimity necessaryin 1945, hold today," he said, but added quickly thatthe U.S. thought that the use of 'the veto had "beenseverely abused" and hoped that means could be foundto "limit" it.Professors Quincy Wright and Herman Finer of thecampus spoke to the Assembly the same day. ProfessorWright outlined the history of trusteeships and com­men ted on the provisions. of the charter pertaining. tothe problem? involved in the Palestine proposal. Pro­fessor Finer urged the Assembly to remember that pov­erty "creates desperate and envious nations" and arguedthat until some means had been found to raise thestandard of living for "this miserably poor world," con­flict would be the order of the day.Dr. Julieuz Katz-Suchy, representative to the U.N.from Poland, threw the assembly into a mixed mood' ofconfusion and indignation. the next day with a ninety 13minute address in which he furiously attacked "imperial­istic" Britain, France and the United States for theiractions in China, Greece and Italy. He scorned allcriticism of Russian vetos as "attempts to destroy theunanimity of the great powers and wreck the U��,," Thelarge majority of delegates expressed violent disagree­ment with his presentation of the facts but recognizedhim as a spokesman for "the other side" and kept himmany minutes over time with their questions.Senator Claude Pepper. of Florida and A,dlai Steven­son, Democratic candidate for governor of Illinois,addressed the final plenary session of the Assembly.Pepper, scheduled to present a Plan for Peace throughthe lIN., begged the question by admitting that recentevents had convinced him that hopes for peace hadfaded. He blamed the U.S. for "interfering with theinternal affairs" of European countries and expressedthe belief that Russia and the United States could livepeaceably together if a "real attempt" at cooperationwere made.Stevenson was less optimistic. He blamed the failureof the U.N. on the lack of cooperation from Russia."The U.N. was established to keep t.he peace-not tomake it. The peace has not been made .. and will notbe made until or unless Russia decides to make someattempt at cooperation with the other members of thebig five."CAN.CER AND OTHER RESEARCHFirst use of radioiso­topes in the UniversityClinics was made in 1939from cycl?tron-producedisotopes. Dr. Leon O.Jacobson, authority inthe field of leukemia(.cancer of the blood­forming tissues) who wasassociated with both theClinics and the pluto-'nium project, used phos­phorus 32. His earlywork .was done in con­j u net ion with LouisSIotin, who was killedlast year at the Los Alamos laboratories in a radiationaccident.Phosphorus 32, which now compares favorably withX-ray' in treating leukemias .and lymphomas, is .also beingsllcchsfU:lly _ employed against; polycythemia" rubra vera,a disease which, like some forms of cancer, can be effec-tively controlled for indefinite periods. .'.0'1' .. .leccbson. Thirty-three University of Chicago scientists, workingon research experiments in departments running thegamut from anatomy to zoology, are using radioisotopesfrom the uranium chain-reacting pile 'of the ClintonNational Laboratory at Oak Ridge, a survey at theUniversity shows..;Two thousand millicuries of the atomic. by-products,or the equivalent o.f two grams of radium in 'radiationoutput, were' allotted_ the University in the last year.T\-Velve hurid�ed and. fifty 'millicuries of iodine 131.•. 1 " .. ,- ".. .and 660"miUicuriesof phosphorous 32, valued at $14,000,were used in therapeutic treatment against cancer and.allied diseases in the University's expanded program inthe cause and cure of cancer.Further expansion of radioisotope investigation at theUniversity will be rnade possible.' with the constructionof: a '$2,000,000 .isotope building. The new laboratory)known. vernacularly, on the campus as the "hot lab,"will be constructed to. permit the' use of as much as a100 curies of, radioactive, material. . One curie is .morethan. 1,000: .times .as" .much .radioactivi ty than is. usually.used in tra cer experimen ts.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDr. Dwight E. Clark and Dr. William Neal, both withexperience in the wartime bomb project on the bio­logical effects of radio-active .materials, are using iodine131 against thyroid cancers. At present they are studyingthe metabolism of the thyroid gland in an attempt tofind a way of increasing radio-iodine uptake for a moreeffective control of this cancer.In addition, the radio-active variants of cobalt, sodium,strontium, arsenic, and other elements are being investi­gated at the University for their possible use in treat­ment and in studies of cell. growth.,Dr. Mila Pierce, woman pediatrician and hematologistwho also worked on the atomic bomb project, is study­ing the effects of radio-active materials on blood andblood-forming tissues in. the treatment of tumors inchildren.In another approach to the treatment 'of cancer byinternal radiation, teams of University investigators aretrying to synthesize amino acids containing isotopes inan attempt to obtain selective absorption of radio-activeamino acids in cancer tissues.In basic research, where isotopes are used as tracers,University researchers are exploring some of the signifi­cant chemical reactions in living organisms.Earl A. Evans Jr., Chairman of the Department ofBiochemistry, used' carbon 11 to demonstrate" in 1940,that animal tissues can fix carbon dioxide in organic'combination. More recently Dr. Evans, with BirgitVennesland, Associate Professor, has, been using carbon14 in a chemical approach to the problem of cell growth,a study with important implications, particularly forcancer and poliomyelitis.In 'an early experiment with cyclotron-produced phos­phorus 32, Gerhart K. Groetzinger, Research Associatein the Institute for Nuclear Studies, studied the mineralmetabolism of teeth in 1939 and 1940. His associates wereDr. J. R. Blayney, Director of Zoner Memorial DentalClinic, and Dr. Friedrich Wassermann, Professor ofAnatomy. Groetzinger is at present using phosphorus 32.in physical research, studying the radiation. of positiveparticles.Earl A. Evans, Jr., Chairman of the Department ofBiochemistry, who is on a year's leave to head the StateDepartment's mission on science and technology inLondon, also pioneered in biological research using radio­isotopes. His research on basic problems has importantimplications in a great number of practical fields, suchas cancer and poliomyelitis.In 1940, Evans used the short-lived carbon 11 todemonstrate that animal tissues can fix carhon dioxidein organic combination. Werking with Birgit Vennesland,Associate Professor, he used the long-lived carbon 14to determine details of the mechanisms of carbon dioxidefixation in both plant and animal tissues. This work isa chemical, approach to the general problem of cellgrowth-both- normal and malignant. Dr. Dwight Clark (rigiht) assisted by Dr. Paul Harper (left) and Dr.William Neal, removing radio-active iodine from the lead container.Radioactive carbon is also being used in the Instituteof Radiobiology and Biophysics by Konrad Bloch andDr. Herbert S. Anker to learn how animals make pro­tein-a problem scientists have been investigating forthe past 100 years. Dr. Bloch, in his investigations, hasdiscovered an important constituent of cells made inthe ani:mal body-a synthesis of glutathione in animaltissue slices.W. F. Libby, professor of chemistry, has discoveredfrom a study of carbon 14 produced by cosmic rays inthe air that all living matter, including man, is radio­active to some degree and hopes to use this discoveryin judging th� ages of undated anthropological speci­mens.A group composed .of Hans Gaffron and Edward W.Fager, of the Chemistry Department, and Allan H.Brown, now at the University of Minnesota, workingunder the 'auspices of the Fels Foundation and underthe general direction of Nobel-prize Winner_ JamesFranck, are investigating the chemical processes involvedin photo-synthesis by tracing the path of carbon dioxide.in the plant.'This group recently isolated a still unidentified com­pound as one of the early steps in this process, verifyingand extending the earlier work of Ruben and Kamen.Using radio-active lead, Harrison S. Brown, AssistantProfessori of Chemistry in the Institute for NuclearStudies; has analyzed the. elements in meteorites and theearth's origin, work which brought him the twenty-firstannual award and $1,000 prize of the American Associa­tion for the Advancement of Science last December.With radio-active sulfur, Norman H. Nachtrieb, Asso­ciate Professor of Chemistry in the Institute for the Studyof Metals, is studying sulfur in the structure of steel andother metals.THE UNIVEKSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMORE" READ1NG LISTSIn the February issue of the Magazine, we announcedthat Alumni Reading Lists were back and listed thoseavailable. Since then others have been added to the list,and are ready.for distribution' We are listing them below,and additional -Iists will appear in subsequent issues asthey are prepared.ADMINISTRATIVE LAW. . . .. Kenneth C. Sears, Prof.of LawAESTHETICS Charles Hartshorne, Assoc.Prof. of PhilosophyBIOGRAPHY Donald F. Bond, Assoc.Prof. of EnglishCAUSES OF U. S. PARTICIPA- Walter Johnson, Asst. Prof.TION IN WORLD WAR II. of HistoryCOOPERATIVE HOUSING ... Hazel Kyrk, Prof. of HomeEconomics and Econom­icsEDUCATION OF WOMEN ... Herman G. Richey, Assoc.Prof. of' EducationEUGENICS Herluf : H. Strandskov,.Assoc. Prof. of ZoologyTHE EVOLUTION OF MAN .. Sherwood Washburn, Assoc.Prof. of Physical Anthro­pologyTHE FAMILY ' William Lloyd Warner,Prof. of" Anthropologyand SociologyTHE FEDERAL CONSTITU- Kenneth C. Sears, Prof.TION of LawFIRST BOOKS ON ART. . . .. Bertha H. Wiles, CuratorMax Epstein Library ofReproductions 'FOREIGN ELEMENTS IN THE Alumni Office of EducationU. S. AND THEIR INFLU-ENCEHISTORY OF AMERICAN Herman G. Richey, Assoc.EDUCATION Prof. of EducationHISTORY OF RELIGIONS. r. A. Eustace Haydon, Prof.Emeritus of ComparativeReligionsHUMAN HEREDlTY........ Herluf H. Strandskov,Assoc. Prof. of ZoologyIMMUNITY (Its Relation to William Burrows, Prof. ofPublic Health) BacteriologyINTRODUCTIQN To SOCIOL- Everett C. Hughes, Assoc.OGY � . . . . . . . . . . Prof. of Sociology 15INTRODUCTION TO THESTUDY OF RELiGION S A. Eustace Haydon, Prof.Emeritus of ComparativeReligionsCharles Hartshorne, Assoc.Prof. of . PhilosophyTHE NEGRO IN THE U. S... Everett C. Hughes, Assoc.Prof. of SociologyMETAPHYSICSOFFICE MANAGEMENT Ann Brewington, 'Assoc.Prof. of Business Educ.Arno B. Luckhardt, Prof.of PhysiologyGeorge D. Fuller, Prof.Emeritus of Plant EcologyWilliam S. Gray, Prof.of EducationPHYSIOLOGYPLANT LIFE IN NORTHERNILLINOISPROBLEMS IN THE TEACH-ING OF READING .PUBLIC HEALTH William iJurrows, Prof. ofBacteriologySherwood Washburn,Assoc. Prof. of PhysicalAnthropologySECRETARIAL TRAINING ... Ann Brewington, Assoc.Prof. of Business Educ.THE RACES OF MAN .TEACHING AND SUPERVI- William S. Gray, Prof. ofS'ION OF READING IN EducationELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ..THE TEACHING OF SHORT.,. Ann Brewington, Assoc.HAND Prof. of Business Educ.»THE TEACHING OF TVPE- Ann Brewington, Assoc.WRITING Prof. of Business Educ.George D. Fuller, Prof.Emeritus of Plant EcologyINTRODUCTION TO MONEY H. Gregg Lewis, Asst. Prof.AND BANKING EconomicsWATER GARDENSTHE HISTORY OF ENGLISH Donald 'F. Bond, Assoc.LITERATURE Prof. of EnglishALUMNI READING LISTSThe Alumni Association5733 University AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisPlease send reading list for subject(s) listed below. Iam a member of the Alumni Association (no charge).I enclose c to cover cost (15c for first list; 10ceach for additional lists.) Send stamps or coin.Name .Address ".SubjectsNEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESJacobsen Heads HumaniHesT HORKILD JACOBSEN, Director of the OrientalInstitute and Professor of Social Institutions atthe Institute, has been appointed Dean, of theDivision of Humanities.Jacobsen, whose new administrative duties becameeffective May 1, is the third dean of the division sincethe reorganization of the University's academic pro�gram in 1930. He succeeds RichaTd P. McKeon, Distin�guished Service Professor, who resigned his adminisltra�tive duties January, 194,7.Robert M. Strozier, Dean of Students, has been serv-'ing as active dean of the department during the past year.J�cobsen, a member ofthe Oriental Institutestaff for the past 20years, identified and ex­cavated, with Set 0 nLloyd, the Aqueduct "ofSennacherib, 0 Ide s tknown aqueduct in theworld. The excavationwas a sub-project of theIraq expedition of theOrr en tal Institute in1932�33.As one of the world'sdo zen Sumerologists,Jacobsen's special fieldof interest is ancient Mesopotamian culture. He is theauthor of Sumerian j{ing List) Cuneiform Texts of theNational Museum) and Primitive Democracy in AncientMesopotamia. He is also one of the authors of TheIntellectual Adventure of A-ncient Man) 1946 Universityof Chicago Press publication.Jacobsen has also collaborated on the Assyrian Dic­tionary Project at the University since 1929,.He received a doctor of philosophy degree in 1929from the University of Chicago and two degrees fromthe University of Copenhagen. His first degree, a masterof arts in semi tic philology, was earned in 1927; in 193:9,he received a second doctor of philosophy degree fromthe University of Copenhagen. JacobsenY outh at CcnvocetionThe audience at the largest Winter Convocation inthe 56-year history at the University of Chicago wastreated to an even t not listed in the program,Master Jeffrey Ellis of New York eluded his mother'shand and slipped from the pew where he and his mother,Mrs. Edward S. Ellis sat. With firm determination writ­ten all over his face, Jeffrey started toward the chancelwhere President Ernest Cadman Colwell was presentingdegrees. • By JEANNETTE LOWREYHis mother, unsure of his intentions and not wishingto cause any commotion, remained nervously in her seat.The situation resolved itself, however, for Jeffrey hadno ideas about going to the chancel. He stopped at thepew where the 31 medical students who received theirM.D. degrees sat. To the corner man he said: "I Wantto sit by my daddy." Ahd sit by his daddy he did, facebeaming with pride, until the recessional, when heobediently trotted back to stand with his mother andwatch daddy match out.Among the other graduates receiving degrees in the232nd convocation were two American-born sisters whoserved in the underground during the war; a well-knownartist, Paul Kelpe ; and a doctor with a family of fivechildren who carried full study and work programs tocomplete his degree.The Misses Helen and Archonto Zacharias receivedmaster's degrees in Greek classics and archaeology-thefirst degrees they h�ve received in their schooling. Bothattended the University of Athens for three years beforereturning to the United States in 1945.Dr. William Olson, father of five children between theages of six months and 9 years, served as chief researchassistant in gastro and intestinal physiology at MichaelReese. Hospital while carrying a full-program in theSchool of Medicine.Phi Beta Kappa honors at the convocati-on wereearned by: Miss Berenice Ackerman, Chicago; ErnestBeutler, Shorewood, Wisconsin; Dr. Clement E. BrOoke ,Chicago; Allen E. Clahill, Chicago; Mrs. Betty Jane RossMercer, Iowa City, Iowa; and Robert J. Myers, Elkhart ,Indiana.Presenting 'radiation in animalsA step forward in preventing radiation damage to theblood cells, such as accompanied the atoniic bombingof Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was reported by Dr. LeonO. jacobson, Assistant Professor of Medicine.In an advance against the radiation diseases whichwill rank foremost among new medical problems in theatomic age, investigators from the Argonne NationalLaboratory and the University of Chicago Olinics havediscovered a means of preventing radiation damage inexperimental animals.By stimulating blood-forming tissues in the bone mar,row and spleen, anemia ordinarily produced by largedoses of radiation was prevented.The discovery was made by Dr. Jacobson, E. L. Sim­mons, Instructor in Biological Sciences, Dr. M. H. Block,senior research fellow, U. S. Public Health Service,Mrs. E. K. Marks and Miss Evelyn O. Gaston of thebiology division of the Argonne.THE UNIVERSITY Of CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe study reported today was initiated during thewar to determine whether personnel engaged in atomicenergy research (especially women who are commonlyanemic) would be more adversely affected by radiationthan normal individuals.An advance in prophylatic research, the discoveryfollows the recent announcement (March 1947) by Dr.Jacobson and Dr. J. Carrot -Allen that serious bleedingor hemorrhaging, resulting from radiation injury, canbe controlled with certain non-toxic dyes. A commercialdye-toluidine blue-the University of Chicago clinicians,found, acts as clotting agent to stop extensive hemorrhage.'The findings in Dr. Jacobson's experiments with ani­mals refute the accepted concept that the more activelydividing cells are [he most sensitive to radiation. Animalswith regenerative anemia prior to radiation developed nofurther anemia and recovered immediately.Animals (rabbits) with normal growing red corpusclesdeveloped severe anemia when irradiated, and the blood­forming cells in the bone marrow and spleen were com­pletely destroyed.Methods' involved in stimulating red corpuscles toprevent radiation damage, include the administration ofphenhyldrazine (drug' used in the treatment of poly­cythemia patients, bleeding, or change of oxygen sat­uration) .RoUin T. Chamberlin diesRollin Thomas' Chamberlin, Professor Emeritus ofGeology, who retired last year after 35 yeats at theUniversity, died of coronary thrombosis at Albert Mer­ritt Billings Hospital March 6.One of the world's greatest geologists, Prof. Chamber­lin studied at the universities, of Geneva and Zurich inSwitzerland, the University of Chicago, and at Beloitcollege.Prof. Chamberlin was a member of the United StatesGeological Survey in 1907, and went to China two yearslater with the University's oriental educational investi­gation committee. In 1911 he made an investigation I ofBrazilian iron ore resources.In 1920, Prof. Chamberlin went to Samoa with theCarnegie institution expedition which studied coral reefproblems. Earlier, he did research in prevention of coaldust explosions in mines, for which he devised the stonedust method.Prof. Chamberlin was renowned for his research inhistorical geology, investigation of the deformation ofthe earth, particularly mountain ranges on all continents,except Antarctica.He was a former vice president of the American Asso­ciation for the Advancement of Science and of theGeological Society of America. He had been' editor ofthe Journal of Geology since 1928.He was a member of the National Academy of Sci­ence, British .. Association for tile Advancement of Science, 17the American Geophysical Union, Seismological Societyof America, and 'was vice chairman of the division ofgeology and geography, National Research Council, from1922 to 1'923.Professor Chamberlin is survived by his widow, DorothyIngalls Smith Chamberlin, and three daughters, Frances,Isabell, and Louise.First faculty to the Little University of Chicago in Frankfurt take offfrom the Chicago airport as families and friends wave "bon voyage."From top to bottom in +he back row are: Wilhelm Pauck, Mrs. LouisThurstoR;e, ,Everett C. Hughes, an'd Roger B. Oake. In fro'nt row"Paul A. Weiss, Louis Thurstone, Elder J; Olson, Matg.aret Ruth endMrs.Oake.Off to GermanySeven faculty members, the first contingent to theUniversity of Frankfort, flew to Frankfort am MainMarch '31 to open the first postwar contact betweenAmerican and German scholars and scientists.Off to Germany on American overseas airlines, theseven faculty members in the first unit of the two-yearproject (MAGAZINE-ApRIL), included: the Louis Thur­stones of the Psychology Department ; Paul A. Weiss,Professor of Zoology; Wilhelm Panek, Professor of His­torical Theology; Everett C. Hughes, Associate Profes­sor of Sociology; Elder J. Olson, Associate Professor ofEnglish; and Roger B. Oake, Assistant Professor of Ro­mance Languages in the College, who will serve as execu-:tive secretary.Next on the flight schedule to Frankfurt will beChancellor Robert M. Hutchins, who has been invitedto make the principal address. May 18 at the centennialcelebration of the German National Assembly in thePaulskirche in Frankfurt.The most impressive historical event in . .hich the de­velopment of the democratic idea in modem' Germanhistory carr show, the lOOth anniversary program willdra� rectors from all the German universities and insti­tutions of higher learning in the American and Britishzones,18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICA'GO MAGAZINEA world cons+ifufion based o'n peace, justiceA preliminary draft of a world constitution, proposedand signed, by an l I-man Committee to Frame A WorldConstitution, has been presented for public discussion atthe U niversi ty. 'Two and one-half years in the drafting, the Consti­tution offers a tentative blueprint for world government,the basic and ultimate problem of the atomic age. It issigned by Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins, president ofthe, Committee, G. A. Borgese, secretary of the Com­mittee, and nine other scholars.A starting point for action by public opinion andgovernments, the world constitution is intended as aconcrete picture to show what a federal republic of theworld might look like. The preliminary, world constitu­tion is the Committee's attempt to spell out the generalmovement for world government."Most of those who are opposed to world governmentand most of 'these who support it have no clear ideaof what they are opposing or supporting," ChancellorHutchins stated in proposing the constitution. "TheCommittee hopes to be of service in clarifying the issues."A constitution cannot guarantee that there will neverbe another war, but it offers a hope that there wi lID notbe another war, and the only hope we have."All Americans who hope for a future for their chil­dren, all Americans who want one good world, all Amer­icans who believe ill the brotherhood of man, shouldcall upon the President and upon Congress to initiatea world constitutional convention. The mission of Amer­ica is not to dominate the world, but to transform it,"Chancellor Hutchins said., FOiUr assumptionsThe preliminary constitution-a proclamation of prin­ciples-is grounded on the four-fold assumption that(1) war must and can be outlawed and peace can andmust be universally enacted and enforced; (2) worldgovernment is the only alternative to world destruction;(3) world government. is necessary, therefore it is pos­sible; and (4) the price of world government and peaceis justice.The universal govern­ment of justice, pledgedin the constitution, isfounded on the rights ofman. .Peace and justiceprevail through the en­tire structure. They are.embodied in the pre­amble w hie h states:Peace or justice stand orfall together; the age ofnations must end, andthe era of humanity be­gin.They are 1 ike w i s efound in the dedaration Hutchins of duties and rights in the constitution. Civil rights andliberties such as freedom of peaceful assembly and guar­antees against discrimination, arbitrary seizure or ,search,unfair trial, ex-post-facto laws-all features of the Ameri­can constitution-are provided in the world constitutinnfor all peoples.The bill of economic rights, of the preliminary con­stitution, delegates the four elements of life-earth, water,air, energy-as the common property of the human. race. The management and use as vested In or assignedto particular ownership, private or corporate or nationalor regional, of definite, or indefinite tenure, of individ­ualist or collectivist economy, is subordinated in eachand. an cases to the interest of the common good.Federal and state governments are in coordinate, notsubordinate, relationship. A grant of powers limits thefederal powers as against the states' rights. A federalsupreme court is established for arbitration and decisionon state and federal power. Federal laws are .enactedwithout ratification by state governments. The federalgovernment acts directly on the individual citizen.Nineteen powersNineteen powers of the new government are enumer­ated in the constitution. The powers not delegated to theworld government by -the constitution and not prohibitedby- it to the several members of th� federal world repub­lic are reserved to the severalstates or nations or unions.,Among these are the power to maintain peace, to inte-r­vene in intrastate violence and violations of law whichaffect world peace and justice, to organize and directfederal armed forces, to limit and control weapons, todevelop the earth's resources, to levy and collect taxes, ,to administer a world bank, to regulate commerce, andto supervise Jaws regarding movement of peoples.Sovereignty of the federal republic of the world - isplaced in the people of the world.The primary powers of the world government arevested in: the federal convention, the president; thecouncil, the grand tribunal and the supreme court, andthe tribunal of the people.The federal convention of delegates is elected by thepeople of all states· and nations-one dele_gate for eachmillion of population or fraction thereof above one-halfmillion. The convention will meet in May of every thirdyear for a session of 30 days.Nine regionsThe federal convention divides into nine electoralcolleges, representing nine regions-Europa, the Con­tinent of Europe outside the Russian area; Atlantis, theEnglish-speaking world centered around the UnitedStates of America; Eurasia, Russia; Afrasia, the nearand middle east;' Africa; India; China, Korea and Japan;Austrasia, Indochina and Indonesia; and Columbia, thewestern hemisphere south of the United States.The electoral college nominates the president of theworld republic. Each college nominates by secret ballot,not more than three candidates, regardless' of origin, forTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHI·CAGO MAGAZINEthe office. The federal convention, having selected bysecret ballot a panel of three candidates from the listsubmitted, elects one of the three as president, on atwo-thirds majority vote. .If three consecutive ballots are indecisive, the two topcandidates are voted upon, and a majority vote is thensufficient to elect.Each electoral college prepares a list of candidates forthe council-the main legislative body. From the ninelists, the federal convention, as a whole, elects nine coun­cilmen for the unicameral legislature. Eighteen additionalmembers are elected at large by the convention. Themethod, observing the principle of one man, one vote, wasprovided to insure equitable representation to all groupsof mankind.The chief executiveThe chief executive, the committee decided, shouldbe vested in one man and should combine the best fea­tures of the United States congressional-presidential type­strength, prestige, stability-and the Great Britain parlia­mentary type-responsibility and avoidance of deadlocksbetween executive and legislative. His term is for sixyears and he is not eligible for re-election. In militaryaffairs ?ud in matters concerning the preservation of thepeace, the president is assisted by a commission of six­the chamber of the guardians-elected by the legislature.Powers of the presi­dent include: initiationof legislation; recommen­dation of the budget ofthe world government;chief justice of the GrandTribunal with power toappoint the justices sub­ject to vetoes by theco u n c i I on two-thirdsmajority vote; pardonover sentences under fed­eral law; control and useof the armed forces withthe consent of the cham­ber of guardians. BerqeseThe chancellorThe connection between the president and the legis­Iative organ, according to Committee version of a worldconstitution, is a chancellor and cabinet. The chancellor,appointed by the president, acts as the president's rep­resentative before the council in initiating legislation.The chancellor, together with a cabinet he appoints withthe president's approval, shall have at any time the priv­ilege of the floor of the council. The chancellor's maxi­mum tenure is six years; the cabinet members, 12 years,consecutive Of not.The chancellor and his cabinctunay be dismissed bythe president or by a vote of no confidence by absolutemajority of fifty or more of the council and confirmedby a second vote taken three months or more later. 19, The constitution also provides a system of checks andbalances, vetoes and counter-vetoes aimed at preventingparliamentary filibustering as well as executive dictator­ship. To forestall the danger of anyone country or regionacquiring an undueinfluence on world government, pro­vision is made that no two consecutive presidents orchancellors may originate from the same region.The constitution also provides that by a majority two­thirds vote, and with the concurrence of a majority ofthe grand tribunal, the council may overrule the presi­dent's veto on legislation within sixty days after thepresident acts.The minorities of the world are represented by aspokesman, the tribune of the people. The tribune iselected by the federal convention for a period of threeyears. His function is to defend the natural and civilrights of individuals and groups against violation orneglect by the world government or any of its com­ponent units.The councilThe 99· council members with power to irutrate andenact legislation for the federal republic of the world,have a tenure of three years. Re-election is permissible.The Council elects its own chairman, who succeeds thepresident in ruling capacity if the chief officer is im­peached, resigns, or dies in the interval between twosessions of the federal convention.The grand tribunalThe supreme judiciary body-the grand tribunal-consists of 60 judges, with terms of 15 years, with one­fifth of the membership being replaced every third year.The justices are assigned, in groups of 12, to five benches.with assigned judicial functions,Over these is a supreme court, with reviewing powersover the decisions of the benches, the validity of elec­tions and appointments to the council, the tribunal andto the offices of president and tribune of the people.The constitution ex­pressly forbids:' ( 1 )laws inflicting or con­doning discriminationagainst race., nation,sex, caste, creed, doc­trine; (2) preferentialagreemen ts or coali­tions of vested inter­ests to the raw mate­rials and sources ofenergy of the earth ;.(3) arbi trary seizure,search, unfair trial,excessive penalty _ orAdler application of ex-post-facto laws: (4)abridgement _ of privileges of citizenship as enacted bylaw; and (5) curtailment of freedom of communication,and information, speech, travel. .20 THE ,U N I V E R SIT Y 0 F CHI C AGO MAG A Z I N EGuaranteesThe constitution guarantee,s: (1) education for everychild from the age of six to 12 at public expenses, andaccessibility of further education without discr�mination;and (2) old age pension, unemployment relief, insuranceagainst sickness or accident, just terms of leisure, pro­tection to maternity and infancy according to the vary­ing circumstances of times and places as the local lawmay direct.Signers of the consti­tution III 'addition toHutchins and Borgcse,are: Mortimer J. Adler,Professor of Philosophyof Law; StringfellowBarr, former Presidentof St. john's College;Albert Leon Guerard"Professor Emeritus ofGeneral Literature, Stan­ford University;, HaroldA. Innis, Professor andChairman of the Depart­ment of Political Econ-Katz omy, University of To-ronto; Erich Kahler, visiung professor at Cornell U ni­versity; Wilber G. Katz, Dean of the Law School;Charles H. Mc llwain, Professor Emeritus of Science ofGovernment, Harvard University; Robert Redfield,Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anthrop­ology; and Rexford Guy Tugwell, Professor of PoliticalScience.Etc.Dr. J. Garrott Allen, Assistant Professor of Surgery,was awarded the $1,000 John J. Abel Prize by the Amer­.... ican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental' Thera­peutics for his research on the control of bleeding dueto irradiation. . .Dr. Ezra Kraus, Martin A: Ryerson DistinguishedService Professor of Botany, was awarded the MarshallPinckney Wilder Distinguished Service Medal as one ofthe three men who -contributed the most to the field ofhorticulture during the 'past century. The honor wasawarded for his fundamental research on fruitfulnessand on his revolutionary and significant work withhormone-like substances in plants. . .Walter Johrison, Assistant Professor of History, andRobert A. Horn, Assistant Professorof Political Science,will be visiting professors at the ,American seminar atSalzburg. The seminar, under the auspices of, the Har­vard Student Council and the' I�fernational, 'StudentService, is devoted to American civilization. ', .The State of New York's Report of the TemporaryCommission on the Need for a State' Unioersity, for whichFloyd W. Reeves, Professor of Education, served, as director of studies, was released this month. . . TheAmerican Association of School Administrators on rec­ommendation of a commission of ten educators, includingEarl S. Johnson, Associate Professor of Social Sciences,advocated an eight billion dollar educational program forthe nation to safeguard democratic ideals and preserveworld peace ...Earl A. Evans, Jr., Chairman of the Department ofBiochemistry now on leave as chief scientific officer tothe embassy of the United States in London, attendedthe twelfth session of the Pontifical Academy of Sciencesin Rome ...Dr. Robert H. Ebert, '36, M.D. '42, who received hisdoctor of philosophy degree from Oxford University,was one of 16 scholars in medical sciences awarded aJohn and Mary R. Markle $5,000 teaching and researchgrant. Under the grant, Dr. Ebert will devote the nextfive years to teaching and research in the division ofbiological sciences. He is conducting his research in thefield of pulmonary, diseases. . .Alfred E. Emerson, Professor of Zoology, will spendthree months in the Belgian Congo doing research onevolution sequences in termites under the auspices ofthe New York Zoological Society. . .Clarence Lushbaugh, Assistant Professor of Pathology,has been made a consultant to the National Instituteof Health of the U. S. Public Health Service. . .Dr. Dallas B. Phemister, Professor Emeritus of Sur�gery, . was elected president of the Chicago Institute ofMedicine and a foreign member of, the Academy ofSurge:ry ... Dr. Charles B. Huggins, Professor of Urology,will head the American Association for Cancer Re­search', for 1948-49... . One of two American membersor the executive committee of the International Societyfor Cell :Biology,. Paul> A. Weiss has also been made adirector of the governing board of the American Insti­tute of Biological Sciences and chairman of the Com­mittee on Neurobiology of the National Research'Council. .. 'Dr. WUliam" E. _AQ,<!rni�):it9fessor of Surgery, has beenmade an honorary member of the Society of Cance-,ology of the University of Guadalajara and of theSecond National Mexican Congress of Cancer. . '.Miss Nellie X. Hawkinson, Professor of Nursing Edu­cationand a 'member of the United States Study Com­mittee of the International. Council of Nurses, attendedmeetings in London of the Council and the FlorenceNightingale International Foundation, April 5 to 9. . .: Otto Struve, Andrew MacLeish Distinguished ServiceProfessor of Astrophysics and, Chairman of the Depart­ment of Astronomy, was awarded the Catherine WolfeBruce gold medal for 1948 by the Astronomi�al" 80-'ciety of the Pacific for his astronomical theory that theorbits of· certain double stars were oval shaped' andmysteriously pointed .earthward, . .THE UNIVERSITY IS IN BU5:INESS(Continued [Tom Page 9)Some companies have paid part or all their employees'tUItIOn. Company officers have frequently cooperatedthrough their own personnel office in the preliminaryscrcening of applicants for the Executive Program. Theirenthusiasm has often been so great that the Universityhas been forced to limit the number of candidates fromeach company to ensure a more representative spreadamong all the firms wanting to participate.After one convocation, three graduates employed bya large Chicago hanking house, were promoted to vice­presidents. "We feel a lot more comfortable about thesemen in their positions since they've taken the ExecutiveProgram," a senior officer confided.Other universities have shown interest in developingtheir own professional programs for businessmen pat­terned after the Chicago plan .. Their greatest handicapshave been in location and faculty. Proximity to an im­portant industrial center and an outstanding faculty ofbusiness specialists have been Chicago's great advan­tage. Today Chicago is the only university offering aprofessional graduate program for businessmen leadingto the degree of Master of Business Administration .. New I-DealThe Executive Program Club, the alumni group char­tered in the spring of 1946" wants to carry the messageof the University to an ever-widening classroom. CecilCampbell, Manager of the Real Estate Department,Walgreen. Company, and this year's president of theExecutive Program Club, said of the club's objectives:"In supporting the Executive Program we want tocarry its influence not only to our own informal post­graduate courses for club members, but even fartherto adult education in our communities."There is another interesting possibility. Some of ourmembers are already senior executives. Projecting tenor fifteen years into the future, most of our memberswho are now junior executives will be in senior execu­tive positions. The University's teachings will be feit inthe policy of top management in the business world."The idea becomes particularly exci ting in view of theremarks of one g�aduate who wrote that the ExecutiveProgram had made this contribution to his thinking:"I came to realize what we really need is a 'NewIdeal'- namely, cooperation among industry, govern­ment and labor, with the permanent employment of55,000,000 people as the primary objective. Dollarprofits must not be the primary aim of our lives. Ourprimary aim should be a contented, progressive, hard­working people. If we manage in some way to getthe three forces together for the common good, thenprofits will come back in the form of many other ben­efits than just dollars."The University is in busiriess and it looks as thoughit is in it for good.1948 ALUMNi REU;NIO'NTHURSDAY, JUNE 108:00 P. M. "Leaders for Tom.orrow." An address by Presi­dent Emeritus Constance Wanerr of SarahLawrence College. Sponsored by the GertrudeDudley Lectureship Foundation.FRIDAY, JUNE II5:30-7:00 P. M. Hutchinson Commons serves dinner.6:00 P. M. Thirtieth Reunion, Class of 1918.Quadrangle Club7:00 P. M. Fiftieth Anniversary Dinner, School of Business.Speaker: L. C. Marshall, former Dean of theSchool of Business" now Chairman of the De­partment of Economics at American University,Washington, D. C. Ida Noyes HallTwenty-Fifth Reunion, Class of 1923. A socialevening with refreshments,Library of Ida Noyes Hall8:00 P. M. Annual Alumni Assembly. Awacrding of Cita­tions, presentation of Alumni Gift, Report tothe Alumni by President Ernest C. Colwell, andDr. Anton J. Carlson, Distinguished Service Pro­fessor Emeritus of Physiology, speaking on "Ig­norance, Faith, and Fraud in Medicine; FortyYears' Experience in the Federal Courts.",sATURDAY,. JUNE 1210:00 A. M. Tour of the Quadrangles starting from AlumniHouse. We will show you \the new buildingsbeing erected and the old ones d).at wili bringback memories. The tour will end at the Chapelfor an organ and carillon recital. Alumni House11 :00 A. M. Organ and carillon concert by Frederick L.Marriott, University organist and carillonneur.Following the organ concert, Mr. Marriott wiHinvite us to accompany him. to the tower andwatch him play the carillons.Rockefeller Memorial Chapel1:30-1:30 P. M. Hutchinson Commons serves lunch.12 Noon Annual Alumnae Breakfast (for women only).Guest of honor and speaker: Emily Taft Doug­las, '19, former Congresswoman from Illinois.Mrs. Douglas will. speak on "Human Factors inthe Headlines." Reservations are necessary-$l.'t5.- 1 :00 P. M. Annual Reunion,' Class of '16-'17. Coffee Shop3,:OO�5:3'O P, M. All-Alumni Reception and Social Hour. Alumnaehostesses will greet you and serve refreshments:you will be officially registered and given anidentification badge; you will meet friends ofMidway days; and there will be an informal.program by alumni of the Music Departmentwho will present o'l!iginal compositions byalumni of the Department. There will also IDea student Camera Club exhibit in the lounges.1:00-6:00.P. M. Tenth Reunion, Class of 1938. This �iU be acocktail party and social hour. Hotel Sherry5:15 P. M. Sigma Sing 'Supper ($1.75). Coffee ShopEsoterics will be guests.. They should makereservations with Mrs. Henry L. Stewart, 5020Blackstone Avenue, Atlantic 6525.5:30"6:00 P .. M. Hutchinson Commons serves dinner.6:00 P. M. Annual Senate, Dinner, c'ollege Division. Guestswill be Vice President and Mrs. R .. WendellHarrison. Dr. Harrison will- speak.Quadrangle Club'7 6:00 P. M. Fiftieth Reunion, Class of 1898.Quadrangle Club8:45 P. M.. Thirty-eighth University Sing.Hutchinson Court THURSDAY, JUNE 176:00 P. M. Phi Beta Kappa Dinner ($2).7:30 P. M. Business Meeting.8:00 P. M. Initiation of Candidates.'R:30 P. M. Address of the evening: Thorkild Jacobsen,Dean, Division of Humanities; Director, OrientalInstitute. Send reservations to Miss Gladys Finn,University of Chicago, Chicago 37. Phone: Mid­way 0800, Ext. 258. Ida Noyes Hall�EDNESDAY, JUNE 23Reunion of the Medical Division-Clinics OpenHouse throughout the day.6:30 P. M. Banquet at the Crystal Ballroom of the Shore­iand Hotel, Speakers: Chancellor Robert M.Hutchins, Drs. Coggeshall, Prohaska, Drakstedt,and Palmer, and Dr. Lucien A. Gregg. Chair­man, Department of Medicine at the Univershvof Pittsburgh.A MEMBERSHIP DIVIDENDIn celebration of its fifty-fith anniversary of continuouspublication, the Chicago Maroon will be a jumbo twenty-eight pages in one of its May editions. .With a comprehensives-go-hang abandon, the aug­mented staff, headed by Fritz F. Heimann, have beenworking their 'heads to the bone to make this edition themost outstanding Maroon in generations.In an attempt to cover every area of University prog­ress there will be articles on the various divisions writtenby such men as Dr. A. J. Carlson (Biological); an evalua­tion of the College by former Dean Clarence Faust; and asymposium of the College philosophy by ChancellorHutchins, President George D. Stoddard (Illinois), Presi­dent Harold Taylor (Sarah Lawrence), Provost C. A.Dykstra (U.C.L.A.), H. L. Mencken, and others.Of particular interest to alumni through past genera­tions will be the special section written by former Marooneditors and reporters: Donald Richberg, Rudy Matthews,Walter Gregory, Frank McNair, John Gunther, HilmarBaukhage, Clifton Utley, Nat Peffer, Abe Blinder, CharlesSumner Pike, Harold Ickes, William A. McDermid, Mar­garet Egan, John Morris, John Barden, William McNeil,Riley Allen, Frederick Kuh, and others.Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, famous artist and illustrator,has done a clever cartoon strip on the campus in 1911.So alumni-star-studded is this anniversary issue that theCabinet of the Association decided you would enjoy iteven more than the current student body. Therefore, itwas voted to purchase eight thousand copies of this issuefor the members of the Alumni Association. Your copywill be placed in the mail within the month and will be asort of extra dividend to which your membership entitlesyou.22THE U N I V E R SIT Y 0 F CHI C AGO M KG A Z I N ENEWS· OF THE CLASSES, 1897. Leila G. Mallory writes from Clearwater,Florida, that she is "still busy with lawnbowling and doing the publicity for it."1903Edward Marsh Williams retired dlis pastyear from the practice of medicine. He hadbeen a physician in Oskaloosa, Iowa, formore than thirty-five years.1907Meta C. Mannhardt's . note read: "I havetaken up painting this year=water coior­and find it is such fun!"1910Lillian Gubelman, who retired from ateaching career in August of 1945, has beenspending the winter at Santa Barbara, Cali­fornia. "I have been trying to see as muchof the country as I can," she explained illher letter. Her permanent address is Val­ley City, North Dakota.1914Edwin J. Cohn of Harvard MedicalSchool, internationally known for his workin blood chemistry, was named 1948 win­ner of the Theodore William. RichardsMedal by the Northeastern Section .of theAmerican Chemical Society.The name of Carl A. Birdsall, Presidentof the Continental Illinois National Bankand. Trust Company, is included in themost recent edition of Who's Who InAmerica.1917R. T. House, PhD, editor of BOOKSABROAD, a quarterly review devoted tocomment on foreign books" will celebratehis seventieth birthday on May 26., Tohonor him on the occasion of his becom­ing a septuagenarian, articles and notes on.his work are appearing in a number ofjournals in the field of modern foreignlanguages.1919Bert W. Wells, was sitting in the Com­mons one sunny April afternoon. It wasour good luck to sit next to him. He hadbeen retracing has steps over the campuscomparing the new look with the old.(And he is particularly capable of re­membering the old because he took the1910 census of the campus.) He said hismost Iasting memory was of the momenthe dropped a plate waiting on table in thatvery hall. In the years between he has beenfollowing his great love-teaching. Sociol­ogy and economics are his main subjectsat East High School, Madison, Wisconsin,where he is a member of the faculty.Hammon D. Birks, Brigadier General,Retired, United States Army, was recently.presented the French Legion of Honor andthe Croix de Guerre with palm by theFrench Consul, Alexandre de Manziarly. '"For w�rageous assistance in the libera- tion of France in both World War I andWorld War II," the citation read.General Birks, who went into the Regu­lar Army from the University Cadet Corpsin May, 1917, has been decorated also withthe Combat Infantry Badge, Silver Star,Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, Belgian Four­ragere and a special commendation for thesuccessful operation of the War Depart­ment Personnel 'Center, Camp Beal, Cali­fornia, He is now associated witb the firmof McGrath & Shanks, realtors at LongBeach, California.1920Helen A. Choate, PhD, retired in Juneof 1947 after having taught in the BotanyDepartment of Smith College for 38 years.From 1941-1946 she was chairman of theDepartment. She. is living at present atNorthhampton, Massachusetts.Henry W. Kennedy, Executive Vice Presi­dent of McKey and Pogue, celebrated his25th year with. the real estate firm onMarch 15. He started out in the salesforce in 1923, then managed the SouthShore office of the firm. Following that heserved successively as Secretary and Treas­urer until his present executive office. Inaddition, Mr. Kennedy is Vice President ofthe Beverly Hills-Morgan Park Real EstateBoard.1922Oscar E .. Meinzer, who is living in Wash­ington, D. C., was elected president of theAmerican Geophysical Union last, July.1924Samuel Marsh is Director of the State ofMissouri Department of Public Health andWelfare. In his note, he said: "The newconstitution of 1945 in Missouri created thisnew department, and I am' fortunateenough to be the first to be appointed tothe. office of Director."1925Howard R. Harold, A.M., was in Chicagoon business early in March from Tonkawa,Oklahoma, where he is Dean o-f NorthernOklahoma J unior College. He joined thisfactllty in 1925 as professor of mathematicsand has been dean since 1942.1926Ralph S. Boggs, PhD '30, well knownfolklorist of the University of North Caro­lina and member of the Department ofRomance Languages, has been appointedUnited' States 'Representative and corre­spondent for the newly established Na­tional Commission of Folklore of the Bra­zilian Institute of Education, Science andCulture in Rio de Janeiro. The commis­sion will work in conjunction withUNESCO.Clair C. Olson, AM, PhD '38, is co-editorof' "Chaucer's World," published by the,Columbia University Press this spring.Isabelle Williams (Mrs. Arthur W. Holt)is active in music, art and community serv­ice in Casa Grande, Arizona, where her. husband is manager of the Arizona EdisonCompany. She is continuing her studiesthrough the University of Arizona Exten­sion Division and is .a substitute teacher inart. The Holts have two sons: Marsh, age16; and Gordon, 12 ,years old. 23LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100·1·2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUI,TS AND V-EGETA�'LES·WE DELIVERTelephone 'Haymarket 3120E. A. AARON! & 'BROS. Inc. ,Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributor. ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketGolden Dirilyle(fo,.merly Di,.igol'tI)'The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDComplete sets and open stockFINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther 'Famous Makes of Fine China. Also'9rystal, Table Linen and GHts.COMPILETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. jackson Blvd. Chicago 4, I�I.Platers, SilversmithsSpecialis,s • • •GOLD. SILVER. RHO'DANIZESILVERWARERepaired� Re8ni.hed, lelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANiY10, S. Wabash Ave. CE'Ntral� 6089·90 Chl-eag.ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKSEstablished in 1922Cornices, Skylights, Gutters, Downspouts •Boiler Breechinqs, Smoke Stacks, Furnacesand RoofingE. C. DeichmanBucki'ngham 1893 1927 Melrose, Street.Chicago, mInot,s24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAG,OPHILCO R. C. A. CROSLEYG. E. FARNSWORTHRADIO SERVICERECORDS REFRIGERATORSWASHERS RANGESSPORTING GOODSH ER�J1IAI�1I�5935 EAST 55th STREETAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Hyde Park 6200Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler, '33Phone: Saginaw 32,02FRANK CURRANRoof,ing & Inisulalion'Lea". RepairedFr.ee E.,timate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING COr.8019 Bennett St.ASunc/oerr-eat forAnY,Day!'SWiIFT'S ICE 'CREAMSundaes and sodas are extra goodmade with Swift's Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy - smooth, so' 1927Madi Bantu, AM '41, is teaching in theDepartment of Music and heading t.he �x­tension Music Program at the Universityof �Californ1a, Berkeley, California. "I amstarting to build a house, one �nile frommy new 'U of G'," she adds. So It looks asthough here is another California convert.1929Edwarda JaDe Curran Williams, AM '35,(Mrs. Wilbur Wallace White), is li.ving i?Toledo, Ohio, where her husband IS pl'esI­dent of the University of Toledo. TheWhites have three children, Bill, age eight;James, six years o!d; and Marsha, age four.1930Louis H. Engel, is Advertising Managerin the New York office of Merrill Lynch, ,Pierce, Fenner and Beane. He is living atPort Washington, Long Island, New York.19311Dorothy L. Benson, SM '38, is an in­terior decorator for the L. F. Ayers andCompany, Jndianapolis, Indiana.Caroline H .. Elledge, is an assistant Pro­fessor in the School of Social Work atMcGill University, Montreal.Raymond, M. Hilliard. is new WelfareCommissioner for the City of New York.Prior to this appointment, he was execu­tive secretary of the Illinois Public AidCommission.Allen E. Kolb is associated with the Na­tional Society for Crippl.ed Children. He isregional representative for W�slern states.Mina 'Rees,' PhD, has been informed byLord Inverchapel, the British Ambassador,that she has been awarded the King's, Medalfor Service in the Cause of Freedom "inrecognition of valuable services renderedto the Allied war effort in various fields ofscientific research and development."An article by Julian Weiss, JD '33, en­titled "11948'�An' Appraisal and Forec�st,"appeared in the February 12, 1948, Issueof the Commercial and Financial Chron­icle. Julian is president of the First In­vestment Corporation (investment coun­seliors), Los Angeles, California. He re­cently addressed the Investm�nt �lub ofthe University of Southern California.1932William R. MicheH, is secretary of theYMCA at Denver, Colorado.R� L. Swanberg made the arrangemen.tsfor the alumni dinner and get-together 111Phoenix when Dean Scott visited thereFebruary 27.1933Mrs, Lawrence Pacifico (Ola Ross) is apublic health nurse in Los Angeles, Cali­fornia.1934Charles C. Hauch, AM '36, PhD '42, iswith the Department of State, Office ofUnited Nations Affairs, and Mrs. Hauch.(former Ruthadele La Tourrette, AM .'39)is a representative of the Office of AmericanRepublic Affairs, Department of State. Thecouple has, two children, Priscilla age fiveand Charlotte age two.V. Brown Scott" PhD, MD '35, became apartner of �he Inlo� Clinic January 1, 194:8,in Shelbyville, Indiana, MAGAZINE1935Marie Cole Berger, JD '38, was recentlyappointed to a position in the Departmentof State, Office of United Nations Affairs,Division of Dependent Areas.Alethea S. Kose, AM, is with the Depart­ment of Christian Education, Baptist l\f.is­sionary Training School in Chicago.1936Winifred l\iorin, AM, has joined thefaculty of Cornell College, Mt. Vernon,Iowa as Assistan t Professor in Sociology.Ruth Moulton, MD '39, now Mrs. 1.. .J.Gilbert, is practising medicine in New YorkCity and teaching at Columbia University.R. S. Whitlow is with the legal depart­ment of the California Texas Oil Company,Limited, in New York City.1937Edwin T. Arnold, MD, writes: "I amrather isolated from my fellow alumni asthere are practically none from the Medi­cal School in this part of the country,(Hogansville, Georgia). I would like tohear from the December 1937 graduates inMedicine. I am in general practice buthave made iit fairly easy for myself byhaving built an office large enough to doall of my OB work and, I do practicallyall my other work there also. I do nothave to travel much as in the horse andbuggy days. Mrs. Arnold and I are thegrandparents of two children, Ellen agesix and a half, and Edwin T. the third,age ten mon ths.Robert Thomas Brandi, MD, is a pedi­atrician practising in Wheeling, West Vir­ginia.Charles (Bud) Collins dropped in atAlumni House the other day on one of hisbusiness trips to the South Side. He is aClient Service Executive with A. C. Neil­sen & Co. (market research). He has twochildren, John, 20z, and James, lY2' Thefamily will spend the summer with Bud'sparents in Anaconda, Montana, where hewill join them for the month of August.By way of a change of address Welearned that William F. Hewett, Jr., SM,PhD '42, may be reached at the Depart­ment of Physiology, School of Medicine,Howard University, Washington, D. C.Milton Johnson, AM, has accepted theposition of Administrative Methods Con­sultant with the Regional Office of theUnited States Children's Bureau in Dallas,Texas.Paul W. Runge, SM '47, is a chemist atMonsanto Chemical Company, St. LOUis,Missouri.Jerome J. Sokolik is secretary of theRoyal Packing Company of St. Louis. He'Hites that he always seizes the oppor­tunity to visit the School of Business andtalk over old times with Mrs. Sutherlandwhen he comes to Chicago for the MeatPackers Convention. He is married and thefather of two children, a boy-and a girl.Conrad Thoren, SM '41, is in the ForeignService. He is at present attached to theAmerican Embassy, London, England.1938Walter johnson, AM, PhD '41, will bevisiting professor at the American Seminarat Salzburg this, summer. The semin�lr,sponsored by the Harvard Student Coun­cil and the International Student Service,will last from July 15 to August 31.THE UNIVERSITY OFJohn Oliver, AM,. is Assistant Manager,of the Tennessee Valley Authority.Lt. Burton E. Ketcham, U.S.N.R., isliving at Long Beach, California.James N. Iknayan, AM '39, is a Repre­sentative for Longmans and Green, textbook publishers. His work takes him travel­ing the length of the West Coast.Auren Kahn, AM, is serving as WelfareOfficer with the Joint Distribution Com­mittee for France and is located in Paris.. Charles Olds, AM, has been made Super­intendent of the Children's Home Societyin Minnesota and is located in St. Paul.Benjamin David Paul, PhD '42, has beenappointed to the staff of Harvard's newDepartment of Social Relations, as Assist­ant Professor of Social Anthropology. Doc­tor Paul has done community researchamong the Indians in Guatemala, and dur­ing the war assisted in compiling a"Strategic Index of the Americas" for theInstitute of Human Relations at YaleUniversity. He also served as clinicalpsychologist in the army before coming toHarvard as a research assistant in 1946_Paul A. Wagner was recently appointedEducational Consultant and EducationalSales Manager of the Bell and Howell(motion picture equipment, etc.) Companyof Chicago. He is now living' at 5611 DrexelAvenue.1939William B. Dunn is with the Depart­ment of State at Canton, China.Justin Leon Glathart, PhD '39, is Pro­fessor of Physics and Chairman of thePhysics Department at Albion College, Al­bion, Michigan. He revised and edited thefourth edition of Foley's "College Physics"published last fall.Frederick George Smith is a biochemistat the Biochemistry Medical Center, Uni­versity of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y.Edwin R. Walker, PhD, is a teacher atOklahoma A & M, Stillwater, Oklahoma.1940Ruth Neuendorffer was on the campuslast month and gave us a few salient factsabout herself. She taught four years afterleaving Chicago and then took a master'sdegree in social studies at Columbia. Nowshe is working with business women'sgroups and other adults at the Y.W.C.A. inSpringfield, Ohio.Maurice A. Reishteen is Sales Analyst forAllied Purchasing Corporation in New YorkCity.1941William H. Harlan is a teacher at South­ern Illinois University, Carbondale, Ill inois.Helen Huus, PhD '44, is assistant profes­sor at the University of Pennsylvania.Victor H. Johnson was an Alumni Honsevisitor early in April. He was a captain inthe army at the time of his separation andis now a life underwriter for the BerkshireLife Insurance Company with offices atI North LaSalle Street.William H. Loven is. personnel directorfor the Chicago Rawhide ManufacturingCompany in Chicago.Two University alumni are among theeight chemists working on. the peacetimeapplications of plutonium at the KnollsAtomic Power Laboratory: Edwin L. Ze·broskr;:. SB, and Walter Oskar Haas" Jr.,PhD. Mr. Zebroski took his, doctor's de­gIee at the University of California in19/17. The Knolls Laboratory is operatedfor the Atomic Energy Commissi.on by theGeneral Electric Research Laboratory. CHICAGO1942J:)onald. R. l)etterso� received the degreeMaster of: Arts at OhIO State University onMarch. 19.Raymond W. T. Pracht, AM '47, is withthe Stale Department at Helsinki, Finland.1943Robert Lee Beal, MD., is living in Mon­tana. The Army interrupted his internshipat U. S. Marine Hospital, Seattle, Wash­ington, in 1944. In service he took an in­t�nsive course in ne�ropsychiatry and prac­ticed for most of hIS army career at FortBragg:. �fter going on inactive duty as acaptam II1 October 1946, he went into g'en­era I practice in Detroit, Michigan. Thenhe decided to return to his home state.He has been practicing for a year in RedLodge: Montana, where he recently teamedup WIth two other physicians-one T. G.Harwood, MD '45-to establish a clinic.Normand A. Cohen, who took his JD de­gree from Def'aul in 1947 and was admittedI? . the bar in October, 1947, is now prac­licmg law at 330 S,. WeUs Street in Chicago.He is associated with Luis Kutner, whospecializes in federal cr iminal law. Mr.Cohen was formerly with the 'Var LaborBoard.1944Kenneth Axelson writes from Juneau,Alaska, "We've become very fond of theter.ritory and are sure that we're going toenJoy life in the 'Last Frontier: Actually,it isn't nearly as frontier-ish as many think.Certainly, the larger towns would comparefavorably with any of comparable size inthe States. Probably the most strikingdifference is the vast distances betweensettled communities where few human feethave trod. It's. quite a pleasure after thebillboard and hot-dog stand scenery we'vebeen accustomed to."Ml'S. Ben Klatch (Rita Louise Solomon) isliving at Bellwood, Illinois. She has adaughter, Carol Ann Klatch, who will beone this month.Helen Patterson Mink, AM, has accepteda position with the Family Service of NewHaven, Connecticut.Virginia J. Plac was recently appointedGeneral Chairman of the third annualformal University Ball to be sponsored bythe Chicago Intercollegiate Council onOctober 16' at the Sheraton Hotel. The ballis held e�ch year for the purpose of raisingscholar.shIp funds fOF financing the collegeeducation of Polish youth. The Councilconsists of Polish Clubs in colleges anduniversities in the Chicago area. Miss Placis a member of the Polish Cluh at theUniversity of Chicago.1945Catherine Margaret Maloy is Director ofHospital Services, National Foundation forInfantile Paralysis, New York City.1946James B. McMillan, PhD, during thespring 'and summer quarter will be visitinzprofessor of English at the University �fChicago. His permanent job is Professorof Linguistics and Director of the Uni­versity Press, University of Alabama.Edward J. Miller was recently appointedfeatures editor of The Harbus News, stu­dent newspaper of Harvard Universitv'sGraduate School of Business. At the school,Miller is also a member of the MarketingClub and the Industrial Relations Club ..During the war he served as an Armysergeant in heavy field artillery. MAGAZINE 25BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAufhoriz·ed Ambulance ServiceFor ,Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of, ChicagoOak. 0492' Oak. 0493Trained and. licensed attendants'SUPERFLUOU� HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used ..Permanent removal of hair from face, e·ye­brows, bad of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTlE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSI:S EXPERT20 years' experlenceGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATIONEASTMAN COAL CO.f.tabli.hed IQ01YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. O'akley Blvd.r.l.phon. S.eley -4488,Real Estate and Insurance1500 Easl 51th Street Hyde Park 2525JS ladtstot,lt mttOl" ating�trbictPhone Pullman 9170•10422 i\bobe- �be., €bitago, lUI.RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1.331'w. J .• dson Blvd. Telep'hone .Monroe 319226 THE UNIVF·RSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETuckerDecorating S;erv,ice1360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway 4404LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO 'H_E SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR FREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISPhone BUtterfield 6711 .DAVID 'L. SUTTON, Pres.The Best Place to Eat on the South Side 'I·COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn A·ve.Phone Hyde Park 6324LA TOU,RAiINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Av'e:, ChicagoOther Pion". Boston ...... N.Y. - Phil. - Syracuse - Cleveland"You Might As Well Have The 8e,t"BOYDSTON BROS •• INC.UNDERT AKE,RSSince 18924227-29.:31 . Cottage Grove Ave.Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493A.lberf K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '211Epstei'n, Reynolds and HarrisConsul:ting Chemists an,d EngineersS S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone Stilte 8951 HEADLINERSFLYING PHYSICISTLuis W. Alvarez, SM '32, SM '34, PhD '36,had $50.00 in his pocket to study flyingwhen he was in college. He learned tofly solo in three hours and fifteen minutesbecause that was all the flying time themoney would buy.It was a wise investment for both stu­dent and the world. Today, Doctor Al­varez is winner' of the Collier Trophy,America's highest aviation award. 'l?heaward was granted for his system (GCA)for talking illl fog-bound planes. The ideaoccurred to him while watching a gun­aligning radar follow a plane and give therange to the gunner."If it can SHOOT a plane down, whycan't it TALK it down?" he reasoned,Perhaps the most momentous flight ofhis career was the one he took as passengeron the B-29 which trailed a half-mile be­hind the plane carrying the A-bomb drop­ped on Hiroshima.During the war he worked on the atomicbomb development at Los Alamos. Atpresent he is research associate at the Uni­versity of California Radiation Laboratory.COMMONS ITO CLOUD ROOMIt was in 1930 that Charles D. Wellsentered the College with his eyes on a le­gal career. His brother, Henry, JD '25, wasa successful Chicago lawyer which gaveCharles ideas.To support this educational program,Charles got a student job with the Com­mons. That proved to be his smartestmove. More and more his interests shiftedfrom political science to pastry and steamtables, until Charles was finally workingfull time for the Commons Department,In the bake shop he learned all aboutpastries and meats, he become invaluableat Hutchinson Commons and the CoffeeShop. "When Judson-Burton Courts wereopened he was soon acting as head waiterand breakfast cook. It was all so muchfun that Charles hardly realized that hewas learning a business from the grouridup until he was offered a position withErnest J. 'Stevens, '04; hotel consultant.When' Ernest Stevens went into a hotel. to iron out management problems, Charleswent on through to the kitchens. This. ex­perience led to a position as catering man­ager for the Pick Hotels Corporation, whereCharles .remained=wirh time out for theWar-euntil two years ago.In 1946 Charles Wells became managerof the Marshall Fields tea rooms. Then,when this company opened its Hew din­ing services in March at Chicago's Muni ... cipal airport, Charles was appointed man­ager of the Cloud Room and the CoffeeShop.Charles was head waiter at the oldGEORGE ERlHARDTand SONS, Inc.Pa1inting-Decorati'n.g-Wood Finishing31,23 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186 Graduate Clubhouse when Roma Strom_well dropped in to have dinner one eveningRoma was a member of the Common'sbusiness staff. It may have been a coin­cidence that Charlie was just off dutyand leaving the clubhouse at the same mo­ment that Roma stepped out the door. Inany event, Roma, who is now office man­ager at Central Administration, is nowMrs. Wells.Roma's sister, Lois, who is now Mrs.Thomas Howe, '43, is a member of theExecutive Committee of the College Divi­sion of the Association. And that's howthe Airport Cloud Room, Central Admin­istration, and the Alumni Association be-came blood relatives. .ON THE MAP. Four University of Chicago alumni wereawarded the Helen Culver gold medal bythe Geographic SOciety of Chicago on Feb­ruary 21: Wallace W. Atwood, '97, PhD '03,Charles C. Colby, '09, PhD '17, Vernon C.Finch, '08, and Derivent S. Whittlesey, '14AM '16, PhD 20. •.THE SPIRIT OF '96Eighty-year old Joseph E. Raycroft, '96AM '96, MD '99, was right there at the doo:to greet the visitors when the librarynamed in his honor was opened March 16in the new Dillon Gymnasium of Prince­ton University.The new library stands as a monumentto the spirit of a man who four years be­fore had seen the work of nearly 50 yearsgo up in smoke and who still could deter­mine to build again. .The Director Emeritus of the Princeton 'Department of Health and Physical Edu­cation guided the gathering of works de­voted to athletics, physical education andmedicine which the new library ho.uses.The library replaces, insofar as it has beenpossible, an earlier collection brought to­gether under the direction of Doctor Ray­croft and destroyed by fire when the oldPrinceton gymnasium was burned in Mayof 1944. .Describing the scheme of the collectionDoctor Raycroft said it reflected his tw�main interests in life, "the development ofthe individual as a' biological entity, phys­ically, mentally and socially; and the influ­ence of environmental, educational andmedical factors on his development andcharacter, from childhood to old age."The acquisitions are divided equally be­tween sports and medicine. The sportssection contains volumes devoted to thehistory and conduct of various games, aswell as old works referring to physical ac­tivities of early times, a number of whichwere forerunners of present-day sports.Doctor Raycroft devoted 25 years, priorto his retirement from active. service in1936, to the development of Princeton'shealth services, intra-mural games 'and in­tercollegiate athletics. Before coming toPrinceton in 1911, he had spent 19 yearsat the University of Chicago. in a similarcapacity. He is a member of the firstclass to graduate from the University ofChicago and played, with Amos Alonzo.Stagg, on Chicago's first football team. Oneof his most cherished possessions in thelibrary is a picture of that famous team.GEOLOG,IST CITEDTHE UNIVERSITY CHICAGOLaurence L. Sloss, PhD '37, faculty mern­ber of Northwestern University, and W.M. Laird, PhD, of the North Dakota Geo­logical Society, are recipients of the Presi­dent's Award Of the American Associationof Petroleum Geologists this y�ar.The scientists' joint paper, "DevonianSystem in Central and Northwestern Mon­tana," was selected as the most significantoriginal contribution to petroleum geologywritten by authors under 35 years of ageand published in the Association's monthlyBulletin during 1947. The winning ar­ticle describes rocks of the Devonian agein Montana, in which oil reservoirs maybe discovered. The award and certificatewere presented April 27 at the annualmeeting of the A.A.P.G. in Denver, Col­orado.Doctor Sloss was graduated from Stan­ford University before coming to the Mid­way to study for his doctorate. From 1937to 1946 he was on the geology faculty atthe Montana School of Mines and geologiston the Montana State Bureau of Minesand Geology. He joined the Departmentof Geology at Northwestern Universitylast year.ONE DEGREE HIGHEREsmond Ray Long, 'II, PhD '19, MD Rush'26, has another degree to add to his dis­tinction - honorary degree of Doctor ofScience awarded by the University of Penn-sylvania on March 6. .Doctor Long's' work in combatting tu­berculosis as director of the Henry PhippsInstitute of the University of Pennsylvaniawas cited as occasion for the presentation.This eminent scientist joined the Insti­tute in 1932 after winning the TrudeauMedal of the National Tuberculosis Asso­ciation. His direction of the Institute wascredited with the many significant devel­opments in the diagnosis and treatment oftuberculosis, including new knowledge ofthe chemical nature. of tuberculin, whichhas made possible diagnosis of the diseaseat its early and curable stage.At the presentation, attention was alsodirected to Doctor Long's war record,which won him the Legion of Merit forservice as consultant to the Chief Surgeonof the European and Mediterranean thea­ters and with the occupation forces in theUnited States zone.He recently returned from Gemianywhere he was chairman of a mission sentby the Secretary of the Army to investi­gate the incidence of.and recomm.end con­trol measures for tuberculosis among theGerman civilian population. On this trip,Doctor Long visited George B. McKibbin,_TD'13, and Mrs. McKibbin (Helen J.Sunny '08), Orville Taylor '08 and Anna­Marie Durand Wever '10 in Berlin.THE TAX;PAYERS' FRIENDIf March 15, 1949, finds-you with a littlemore cash in your pocket, you can thankRoswell Magill, JD '20 an Instructor inLaw from 1921·1923. Cited for the March16 "LOOK Applauds", Mr. Magill wassingled out for his work as head of thecitizens' committee which urged uponCongress more than 40 changes in theFederal revenue code to benefit the tax·payers.Twenty.five yeus of hard work with taxesin and out of government lay behind hisleadership. Combining figure �vizail'drywith legal training, he entered the Treas­ury Department in 1923 as a special. at­torney and fourteen years later has risen OFto the post of Under Secretary of theTreasury.In between, he was also busy commutingto New York where he was a Professor atColumbia University. Today his mainjob is teaching taxation. His students. seem exceptionally privileged to be learn­ing from a man who' is both master andcollector of the subject.65-AND YOU'RE IN- The age of 65 meant not retirement bu Enew opportunity for two distinguishedalumni. Chester G. Vernier, '04, JD '07, andOliver L. McCaskill, '01, JD '05.These specialists in -law are on the fa­culty of Hastings College of Law at theUniversity of California, where no instruc­tor is eligible for full- time duty until he is65 and has been retired from one of theleading law schools.Professor Vernier had been retired fromthe Stanford Law -School in his 65th yearwhen he was asked to join the faculty atHastings in 1946 .. A well-known authorityon criminal law and on domestic problems,and the author of a monumental work insix volumes, "American Family Law," inthis new assignment he is enabled to pro·long his usefulness in the field he loves'best-teaching.Professor McCaskill, 68 years old, is nowbusy teaching a class of first-year studentsin equity. He had previously served onthe law faculties of West Virginia andCornell Universities and is nationally rec­ognized as an authority on pleading andpractice. His retirement after 20 years atthe University of Illinois Law School cameshortly before he joined the Hastings Col­lege faculty.ECONOMICS FOR THE MILLIONSPhototype of the new American businessman, Sumner Huber Slichter, PhD '18,might also serve as the model for the newAmerican labor leader. So concluded thewriter of a recent faculty portrait appear·ing in the Harvard Alumni Bulletin.Lamont University Professor of Econom­ics on the Cambridge campus since 1940,Dr. Slichter was lauded for his "particularfaculty for making' the complications ofmodern economics understandable to theaverage man." -"He teaches businessmen and public ad­ministrators such elements as trade union­ism, collective bargaining and public wage·fixing; he exposes labor leaders to manage-ment problems." .Long active in the Brookings Institutionand the Social Science Research Council,Dr. Slichter now serves as chairman of theresearch advisory board for the Committee'for Economic Development and as a mem­ber of the special sub-committee of theUnited States Senate's Finance Committeefor reviewing Social Security laws. His pub­lications are: Modem Economic Society(1931), Towards Stability (1934), UnionPolicies and Industrial Management (1941),and The Challenge of Industrial Relations(1947). 'Arthur MichaudelDesigner and Maker ofDistinctiv� Stained Glass Windows542 Nodli Paulina. Street, Ch1ca90Telephone Monroe 2423 MAGAZINE 27Is ThisThe Rigcht CareerforYOU'?" My new career inlife insurance sellinghas brought me a highincome and many per-sonal satis'fadions," says Fred Hardy ofMontgomery, Alabama. "I can 1ace the fu­ture with confidence now, and it makes mehappy to know that my work is guarantee�ing the financial security cof many familiesand individuals."Prior to joining The Mutual Life,Mr. Hardy .spent 12 years in agricul­tural work. Though he was successfulin his profession, he felt that anotherfield of endeavor might offer him largerearnings and an opportunity to makefull use of his abilities.So, in April of 1943, he left his estab­lished career, and became a MutualLife Field Underwriter. That decisionto change careers took courage, but ithas paid Mr. Hardy handsomely.Perhaps the field of life insuranceselling is the right career for you. Thismay be your opportunity to makebetter use of your abilities. To prede­termine your chances for success in thisprofitable field, simply spend 30 min­utes=-in your own home-taking theMutual Life Aptitude Test. If youqualify, our nearest manager will ex­plain the excellent on-the-job trainingcourse we offer to help you becomeestablished. And your contract underthe famous Mutual Lifetime Compen­sation Plan provides liberal commis­sions, service fees and a comfortableretirement income.Your starting point is the AptitudeTest. Send the coupon for it today.THE MUTUAL. LIFEINSURANCE COMPANY of NEW YORK- Alexander E. Patterson� Pre,ident34 Nassau StreetNew York 5, N. Y.GENTLEMEN:Please send me your Aptitude Test.Name . .. _ __ _ .. _ .Home Address, _ _ _ _ .. __ .' •. __ _ .. _. ._. . __ 11(1228 THE UNIVERSITY OF. CHICAGO: IAuto Livery· __ tQuiel, unobtrusive serviceWhen you wan' It, a. you wan' it'CAL'L AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc,.5516 Harper AvenueFAIRFAX '6400 , 1 '• AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo En9raverlArtists - Electrotv'perlMakers ,of Print'inQ ,Plate.4'29S. Ashland iBlvd. - TelephoneMonroe 7515w. B. CONKEY CO.H.AMMOND, INDIANA�tJdad�?� ad 'BUute'l4SALES OFFICES: CHICAGO ANIO NEW YORKCLA;RK:E-Mc,EL,ROYPUBLI''SH:ING CO'.bl'40 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 39'35"Good Printin, 01 All De3cription"·E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph�Offset-Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabas'h 8182 AND THOMAS SQUEEUX.Princess Olie-ge-wob, Ketsey Piper, PatsyDoola, ,Baby Olie-ge-wob, and ThomasSqueelix, were the names of five dolls andtheir hundreds of counterparts who startedDorothy Shaver on her climb to the pres­idency of Lord & Taylor's departmentstore in New York.,Dorothy had come to the University ofChicago from her home in Mena, Arkansas,via two years at the University of Arkansas.She remained on the Midway only one year.She couldn't wait to get going on her ca­reer-just what career she wasn't certainabout at the moment.D 0 rot h y had ayounger sister, Elsie,who was interestedin art. So togetherthey tackled Man­hattan. Elsie's artinterest at the timeseemed to be run­ning to making fun­ny little fluffy dolls.Remembering theepidemic of Kewpiedolls that swept thenation for a profitable period. Dorothydetermined to develop another dolldeluge. Elsie was to. design the doll. Inher enthusiasm she designed five andnamed them Princess 01 ... (we're not go­ing to spell those out again; see abovet)To continue with our story: Samuel Rey­burn of Arkansas and an acquaintance ofthe Shavers, was head of Lord & Taylor.Learning that the girls were in New York,Mr. Reyburn dropped in to see them onhis way home from church one Sunday,Dorothy recognized destiny's knock and in­troduced Mr. Reyburn to the five "LittleShavers" which was the name under whichthey were patented when Lord & Taylortook over. the manufacturing and distrib­uting of them.The dolls caught on and supported thegirls for the next four years. By that time,of course, Dorothy had started her climbtoward the ninth floor executive offices ofLord & Taylor, where she finally arrived in194,5-the first woman to reach such a pin­nacle the bard -(by easy stages) way_She has kept this 122-year-old retail es­tablishment at the head of the parade ofprogress and has had the satisfaction ofseeing it move beyond the annual forty-milelion income bracket. Dorothy Shaver ranksat the top, not only among our alumnae'HIt alum.ni as well.George W. Overton, .TD, and Richard F.Babcock, Jn, have joined forces and openedtheir own law firm in Chicago.Stuart D. Loomis, AM, is now a civilianagain and living in Omaha, Nebraska. Dur­ing the war he was a clinical psychologistin the Neuropsychiatrtc Service of theUnited States Army.ASHJIAN BROS., Inc .. IIITABUIHEO II2JOrien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and' REPAIRED8066 Soulh Chiealo Phone IReleDl '600.0 MAGAZINEDorothy Punderson, AM, president ofElan, a non-profit organization to furtherintercultural understanding through per­sonal experience, writes: "Our French cen­ter at Shawnigan Lake, Vancouver Island,has now grown so that we contemplateadditional activities, and some are alreadystarted. Our exhibits have been welcomedwith interest on the west coast. The travelpart of our activities, with the center inFrance, is taking up a large share of I'llytime.". •Elizabeth F. Sehmann is supervisor ofthe Clinical Chemistry Laboratory in theDepartment of Surgery at Billings HospitaL1947Edward W. Burgess, AM, is with theSIa te. Department at Da maSClIS, Syria.Jesse D. Dean is with the American Ern­bassy. London. England.Robert L. Fleming is principal of Wood­stock High' School, Mussoorie, U_ P_, India.He wrote: "We went through the Septem­ber and October disturbances with lackof food and communication but closed theschool-on schedule in November. ,"Ve Openour term with the usual enrolment-theonly Mussoorie school to do so. Many Eu­ropeans in India have gone to other l\rit­ish Dominions. Missionaries have remained.Our school has about 60 missionaries' chil­dren,Donald Derby, AM, has accepted a posi­tion as Probation Officer with the Depart­ment of Domestic Relations. MultnotnahCountv. Portland. Oregon.Rabbi Morris R. Margolies, AM, has beenna III cd Execu live Director of the CIl icag-oand Midwest Region of the American Jew­ish Congress. He spent last summer inPalestine (his native land) in the interestsof Zionist organ izations.Wi'li�m R. Ostenbrug and his wife. theformer Elizabeth R. Headland, '44, areliving in Chicago. The man of the househas been working with John Nuveen andCompany since graduation. Mrs, Osten­brug is engaged in recreational work forthe Personnel Department of Time. In-corporated. _Arabella Robinson, AM, has accepted aposition with the Illinois Children's Horneand Aid Society of Chicago.Irving Scott, form�r editor of The Ma­roon, is broadcasting a news program fromParis for the North American Servicc ofRadio-Diffttsion Fraricaise, the FrcnchGovernment's broadcasting service. It isheard at 8:45 P_�L over WINX .. Washillg'­ton, D. C_Marcia Tuchman Svetkey, AM, is IlOW amedical social worker in the New YorkHospital, New York City,George Tullock, JD, is with the Depart­ment of State at Tientsin, China.Lore Weinberg, AM, has taken a posi­tion as case worker with the Family Serv­ice Bureau of the United Charities inChicago.BIENENFELDChicaCjo', Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP •. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St. PhoneL.fayette 8400THE UNIVERSITY CHICAGOENGAGEMENTSAnnouncement has been made of theengagement of Miss Mary Delia Nichols.daughter of Mrs. Henry james Nichols andthe late Col. Nichols, Army Medical, Corps,to Curtis M. Flory, '35, MD '38, PhD '40,of New York.Mr. and Mrs. Richard Vance Coburn ofChicago have announced the engagementof their daughter, Sara, to Murray B.Wooley '41. The wedding will take place inJune.Mrs. Marion W. Coward of Mt. Kiscoand Thomas R. Coward of New York Cityhave announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Jenifer Gregg Coward, to HugoHaeckel '43. The groom-to-be served two(Inti a half years with the Army. He re­reutly received his master's degree fromColumbia University. The wedding isplanned for June.H will be quite a University 'of ChicagoIamily reunion when Elizabeth MacNeille'43 marries Morton Quantrell this month.The bride-elect is the daughter of Mrs.Clarence T. MacNeiUe (Anna T. Waughop'07) and the late Clarence T. MacNeille'(1)7. The groom-to-be is the son of Mr.Ernest E. Quantrell '06 and Mrs. Quantrell(Lulu Morton '06). Miss MacNeille servedwith the Waves during the war.Mrs. Orpha Wood of Kansas City, Kansas,has announced the engagement of herdaughter, Edna, to Ralph M. McGrarh, SM'46. Mr. McGrath did post-graduate workat the University of Pennsylvania andNorrh wcstcrn University. He is in businessill Chicago, where he and his bride will liveafter their marriage .JUllC G in Kansas City.Mr. and Mrs. Sam Marcus of Chicago,recently announced the engagement oftheir daughter. Dorothy '47, to CaptainBenjamin Gans of Kansas City, Missouri.lVir. and Mrs, Archie Sampson of Chicagohave announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Toby, .to Harold �. Bornstein '�7.Miss Sampson IS completing her studiesfor a B.S. degree at the University.C BenchPhones Oakland 0690-0691-0692The Old ReliableHyde �ark Awn,ing Co.INC.Awning. and Canopies for All Purpo.e.4508 Cottage Grove Avenue OFMARRIAGESJohn Gunther, '22, to Jane Perry Van­dercook in Chicago in March.Barbara E. Allee '39', to Steven Angell,AM '47, on March 6, 1948, at Chicago.The bride is the daughter of Warder C.Allee, SM '10, PhD '12, Professor of Zool­ogy at the University, and the late Mrs.Allee (Marjorie Hill, '11).Two heads are better than one-evenfor perusing the pages of the Ma�azine.Here is how we learned of the rnarnage ofAreta Kelble '40: "You carl henceforth takemy name 'off your Alumni mailing list, asI am now married to another graduate towhom you also send the bulletin. Myhusband, Guido G. Weigend, '42, MS '46,and I, are both teaching at Beloit College.The marriage was last June."Faith Locke Langley, daughter of 1\'11-5.Adria Locke Langley of New York City,became the bride of Vincent Paul MichaelHollander '40, SM '42, PhD '44, on Febru­ary 27. Doctor Hojlander receiv:d �ismedical degree at Northwestern Universityafter leaving 'the Midway.Marvin D. Ratner, '42, writes: "It hap­pened on September 28: 1947 at Los An­geles, California. My bride is MildredSallet, a graduate of UCLA '47 and at pre?­ent studying for the Master's Degre.e ISHistory at UCLA." The happy bridge­groom added that he i� in the. food. manu­facturing and distributing busmess in L.�.-"an indirect application of a degree 111Chemistry." ,Lois J. Stromwal", '43, has been Mrs.Thomas Howe of 13<10 Hyde Park Boule­vard since November 29, 1947. Mr. Howeis a salesman with International BusinessMachines. Mrs. Howe is a member of theExecutive Committee of the College Di­vision of the Alumni Association.Carolyn Friedman '44, to Jack S�ieber inCincinnati, Ohio. The couple met m Wash­ington, D. C., where b?th were �mployedby the Office of Housing Expediter, andare' now residing in Minneapolis. M r.Stieber is at present graduate r�sear�ll as­sistant on the staff of the Un iversitv ofMinnesota's Industrial Relations Center.Chi Kung Chen, SM '47, is now Mrs.Eugene Y. T. Wei. The marriage took ,Placelast Auguss .. Mrs. Wei is Research ASSIstantat the Department of Meteorology,D.C.L.A.BIRTHSStephen Coyner arrived at the Oak Parkhome of the Burke Smiths, Jr. on March 10.Dad, '33, SM '39, is in the accounting de­pa:rtment of Western Electric. Mother wasPauline Sommer, '36, AM '37. Stephen hastwo hrothers (twins), Burk and Clark,, .i list past five years.", , 'Mr. and Mrs. Dudley 1. Moore, (RuthA. Camp, '34, SM '35)' announce the ar­rival of Philip Sidney on February 19 atOakland, California.ANIMAL CAGESofAdvanced Scientific Des,igftACME SHEE.T 'METAL WO'RKS1121 East 55th St.Chicago 15, III.Phone: [Hyde Park 9500 MAGAZINE 29RESULT'S • • •depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTING,Imprinting,-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Folding. - MailingA Cornplete Seroiee lor Direct AdverUsersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.(Wabash 4561)POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in Leite"Hooven Type_rltl ••MultlgraphlnlAddressograph S,rvl ..HI Dhest Quality Servl.,All PhonesHarrison 8:118 M Imeographln.AddreRln.MalliAIMI'nlmum Prl ...418 So. Mark·et St.Chicago• BIReK-FELLINGER CORP.IExclusiveCleaners & Overs.200 E. Marquette RoadPhone:' Went. 53803 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSine» 19201442 and 1331 E. 57th St..•EVENINlG GOWNSAND FORMALSA SP,ECIAL TV. 0608Midway 0602 • We callfor'and deliver'3 HOUR SERVICEAlsoGuar·anteed Used Cars andComp.ete Automobile RepaJr.Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing DeparfmenfsTRE'M:ONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory Dea'erforCHRYSLE:R and PLY,MOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMid. 420030 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEr·._·.._.··._··._··._··._··._··--..··--.··--.··--..·--.··-.; <if- ti \> $"IP ci'$ It. 'IP ti � t, t.� tl l! !l lI 1i til How Much Do You !l Wonf 10 Earn? ,l Would you like to have the upward �limit of your income determined by tl your own efforts? To be given a {! free rein, with full recognition and 1.upper bracket earnings available to tyou right from the start? If so, a l1 career in IHe assurance may be the •t answer. ii There is a challenge to it . . . but l1 to .the man of initiative and ability •t who makes life assurance selling his �l lite-work the Sun Life of Canada t! .. offers opportunities for quick and ,llasting success unexcelled in any tother business.I This . leading international life com- •.pany with extensive business in the .(. United States and Canada has a .(unique training plan for those who •1 can qualify. Its representatives en- "t joy a liberal agency contract includ­ling such privileges as guaranteed ,1 immediate income, group life and ,:t hospitalization coverage, and pensionl plan, . i1 Write for [uriher details today to: ,t J. A. McALLISTER ,i Assistan,t Gene.ral Manager and D,ir�ctc>r i, of Agencies :, 't SUN LIFE Ii ASSURANCE COMPANY •i OF CANADA Ii Head Office: MONTREAL, QUEBEC :�.--...--. .. --.. .. --- .. --. .. --.. .. --- .. --.. .. --. .. --.. .. --- .. --. .. --..'. Mr. Albert Houghton '36, and Mrs.Houghton (Eleanor Evans '46) announcethe birth of a son, Hugh Fuller, bornFebruary 7 at the Chicago Lying-In Hos­pital.Former Director of University Press Re-·lations, Chester Opal, is still sending onlive copy. He writes that he and Mrs.Opal (Zdenka Zidek. '39) are proud par­ents of a son born February 22, at War-'saw, Poland, where Chet is attached to theAmerican Embassy,From General Headquarters, Far EastCommand at Osaka, Japan, comes news ofthe birth of Marsha Louise, born Febru­ary 23, to .Lt. and Mrs. earl A. Dragstedt.The father, Class of '43, is nephew of Dr.Lester R. Dragstedt, Chairman of the De­partment of Surgery, University of Chi­cago Medical School.Mr. and Mrs. Ray M. Miller (Mary JanePeck, AM '44) announce the birth of twins,Susan and Brian, on December 10, ]947.R. W. Bachmeyer, MBA '47 is the proudfather of a second daughter, Janet Lynn,born January 7. His first child is namedSusan Lee. Dr. A. G. Bachmeyer, AssociateDean of the Biological Sciences, is grand­father of the new arrival.Mi'tcheH Tower'T el'ephon.e K'ENwc>od 13'52J. E. KIDWELl, Floris:t826 East. Forty-seventh StreetChicago .15. IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELL AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement \tldcb limits Itswork to the university and C6Hege ncld.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeacheuAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Our service is nation-wide.Since 1885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for UniversityCollege, Secondary and Elementary. Nation:wide patronage. Call or write us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisCLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency66th YearNationwide ServiceFive 0 lfices---One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City. Mo.Spokane-New YorkTHE HUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY,25 East Jackson, Chicago 4, Illinois, isusing this space to remind college andhigh school teachers and administratorsof its dignified, professional, efficientservice, It invites correspondence.STENOTYPYI.earn new, speedr machine shorthand. Le ..ffort; no cramped fingers or nervous fatilfue\110 other counea: Typing, Bookkeeping'i Comptometry, etc. Da1 or evening. V isi'· iv,.il, or ,1t0fl' ftw IIaIG. •. 8ry:!!t&�::tton·8 S. MlchI9,,'n Ave. Tel. Randolph 1575THE UNIVERS·ITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water V�lvel, Sumps-Pumps6620 COnAGE GROVf: AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREEtFAIRFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETA. T. STEWART LUMBER COM:PANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwo.od Ave.410 West Ilith St. Vin 9000Pul 0034TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 45880' CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING. BR'ICKudCEMENT WORKREPAI RING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.T .I.phon. Dorch.at.r 1579Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture RepaJ,rJng1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180CONCR'ETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDAnONSWentworth 4422T. A. REHNQUIST co.6b39 So. Vernon Ave. Haskell HallDEATHSH. Foster Bain, PhD '97, internationallyknown geologist and mining engineer andformer Director of the United States Bu­reau of Mines, at Santo Tomas Hospital,Manila, P. I., on March 9.Frederick F. Steigmeyer '97, on December11, 1947, at Beverly Hills, California.Marion Sykes, '98, passed away in Chi­cago, january 25, 1948.Clifton Daggett Gray, '00, PhD '01, presi­dent emeritus of Bates College, at Kenne­bunk, Maine, on February 22.Mrs. Northrup Holbrook (Helen· A. Dunn'01) on March 3, at Queens, New York.Dr. George H. Caldwell, '12, on Novem­ber 5, 1947, at Lakewood/Ohio.Roland' Cecil Woodruff, MD '13, of acerebral hemorrhage September 9, 1947.Harold B. Ward, '14, PhD '34, at Evans­ton, Illinois, on January 4, 1948.Harwood P. Saunders, Jr. '15, on July26, 1947.Mrs. Mary R. Kern, '16, Teacher Emer­itus at the University of California Labora­tory Schools, last june.James M. Evans, '19, on February 9, atRockford, Illinois. His wife and threedaughters survive.Cora, Campbell '22 on January 20, 1948.She. willed the bulk of her estate to theKansas City Art Institute.Albert F. Siepert, AM '24, on April 30,194'7.John Voss, Jr., SM '25, PhD '33, at hishome in Peoria, Illinois, on March 21 aftera long illness. He was Principal of ManualTraining High School in Peoria.Marion C. Dietrich" '28, at his home inEast Cleveland, March 3, after a heart at­tack. He had been principal of Shaw HighSchool in East Cleveland since' 1929.Hortense Klein, '31, of Chicago on Febru­ary 27.Leonard C. Miller, '36, SM '38, PhD '40,on December 22, 1947, at Washington, D. C.William T. Levy '42, killed in an auto­mobile accident October 6, 1947. $..tinRW.tl1j-Chicago's Outstan,dingDRUG STORESMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORT1RAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNI�jax VVaste Paper Co. '2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyen 0/ Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedrotf, Van Buren 00230SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's mOist completeprescription stock23 N. Wa,bash AvenueChlceqo, Illinois.4i;teOIHd�ucrRlCAl SUPPLY CO.Dlslrlbulors, Manulaclurers and Jobbers 01ELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPpLIES5801 Halsted St. - ,Englewood 7500.. BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED .. BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. West em Av,e •• ChicagoWass·on-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wallon'l Coel Makel Good-or­Wasson DoelCALENDARSunday, May- 2UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rev. John B. Thompson,Dean of the Chapel, speaker. Rockefeller Memorial Chapel,-5f9lh Street and Woodlawn Avenue. 11 :00 a.m ..Monday, May 3LECTURE-HPolitical Parties in the Gilded Age," Walter John­son, assistant professor of history, University College, 19 So. L�Salle Street. - 7:30 p.m. 75c.Tuesday, M;ay 4LECTURE-HWays to Live," Ohades Morris (philosophy).. Uni­versity College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 8 p.m. 75c.LECTURE-HApplication of Psychoanalytical Theory to the Re­education of Problem Children," Brune Betteiheim, (Principalof Orthogenic School) .. Mandel Hall, 57th Street and Universi\tyAv-enue. 4:30 p.m. Free. .LECTURE-HLawmakers: Senator Morris, Byrnes, and Smith,"Charles E.' Merriam, distinguished service professor emeritusof politicai science. Law School, inside Quadrangles at '5SthStreet and ElIDis� Avenue. 4:30 p.m. Free ..Wedtlesday, May 5LECTURE-"Wells and the Realists," Morton Dauwen Zabel(professor of English). Social Science Building, H26 East 59th) Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c.I,ECTURE-"Where Is the Money Coming From?" William P.Lane, Jr.., governor of Maryland. Oriental Institute, 115:5 East58!fh Street, 4:3{) p.m. Free..LECTURE-"Death on the Installment Plan by Celine," MiltonHindus (humanities). University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 8 p.m. 7!k.Thursday, May 6LECTURE-"The Nature of Social Science," Louis Wirth (sociol­ogy). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 4:30p.m. Free.LECTUItE-"Natural Law," Alexander P. d'Entreves, Serena pro­fessor at Oxford University, England. Social Science Building,1126 East 59th Street. 4:30 p.m. Free ..Friday, May 7LECTURE-"Dunham's Man Against Myth," Sunder Joshi,associate professor in adult education at Indiana University.University College, 19 SOUl,till LaSail}e Street. ,6:.'30 p.m. 75c.,LECTURE-"Fringe Wage Problems," Joel Seidman, (social sci­ences). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 7:30 p.m.$1.20.Sunday, Ma'y 9UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rabbi Joshua L. Lieb­man, speaker. Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and-'Woodlawn Avenue. 11 :00 a.m ..Monday, May 10LECTURE.-"Third Parties and the Rise of Social Protest," WalterJohnson (history)-. University CoHege, 1:9 Sou<tlh LaSaUe Street.'7::'30 P .. m. 75c.Tuesday, May 11LEGTURE-"Testimony of American Youth," Charles Morris,(philosophy), U niversiry 'College, 19 South La.Salte Street. 75(:'LECTURE-"'Mayors and Managers," Charles E. Merriam (polit­ical science). Walgreen lecture. Law School (inside quadrangles'at 5,8th and Ellis Avenue). 4:30 p.m. Free.'LECTURE-"The Nature of Social Science,' Louis Wirth ,(so­ciologv). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 4:30p;m. Free.Wednesday, May 12LECTURE-"1oseph Conrad: The Marked Man," Morton Dau­wen Zabel (English). Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th.Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c._LECTURE-"Seman,tics and Practical Speech," Bess Sondel(speech). 'University College, HI South Lasalle Street, 6:30p.m. 75c.LECTURE-HState Rights versus State Responsibilities," ErnestW. Gibson, governor of Vermont. Walgreen lecture. OrientalInstitute" 1155 East 58th Streee. . 4:30 p.m. Free. Friday, May 14LECTURE-"Trends in 1947-48 Wage Agreements," Joel seidl�1a�(social science). University College, 19 South LaSalle StICe7 :;3@ .,p .m. $1.20.. diefLECTURiE--"The Individual and the State," Mortimer J. A 0, i(philosophy of law). 32 West Randolph Street, 7:30 p.m. $1.5�jLECTURE-"Lundberg's Can Science Save Us?" Sunder JOs t,(adult education). University College, 19 South LaSalle stree'6:3·'0 p.m.. 75c.Sunday, May 16't�U��V¥RSrTY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rev. J. Lavell SUllO'S�p�,rintendent of the United Church of Canada, TorOll�d:speaker. Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and '\Volawn Avenue, 11:00 a.m.Monday, May 17UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CHOIR AND ORCHES'TR:'. , op�·CONGER T -,- Bach's Magnificat, Finale of Beethoven s 'alFide�io, and Brahms' Alto Rhapsody. Rockefeller MeOlorlChapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn Avenue. 8:30 p.m. Fre�tefLECTURE""':'''The Democratic Party of Bryan and Wilson," '\V� ct,Johnson (history). University College, 19 South Lasalle Sue7:30 p.m. 75c.Tuesday, May 18... OS' 1LECTURE-"The Catacombs of the Self," .Charles Morris (pb11!)C.ophy). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 8 p.m. 7 0.1LECTURE.-"Some Bosses on My List," Charles E. Merriam (Pd'lieical science). Walgreen lecture. Law School (inside qoa JItangles at 58th and Ellis). 4:30 p.m. Free.Wednesday, May 19'. ell!,!'LECTURE-"Fo.rster, Lawrence, Huxley, Woolf: Man Intell�g CC 1or Possessed," Morton Dauwen Zabel (English). Social SCleJ1Building, H26 East 59th Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c. c.lLEGTURE-"The Development of Natural Resources," M<;>ll,talWallgren, governor of Washington. Walgreen lecture. OneJ1Institute, 1155 East 58th Street. 4:30 p.m. Free. dclLECTURE-"Semantics and Practical Speech," Bess 5011,)1'(speech). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 6:30 P:75 e ..Friday, May 21 fLECTURE-"Jone's Edllcation. and World Tragedy," SU11��C 1Joshi (adult education). University College, 19 South La5a IStreet. 6:30 p.m. 7l5c.Sunday, May 23 I• f.o!·UNIVERSITY REUGIOU.S SERVICE�Miss Anne Guthne, j{ef'eign Division of the National Board of the Y.W.C.A., speave' .Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn A �Hue. 11 :00 a.m. 1Monday, May 24 " ILECTURE-"The Republican Party and the Progressive �rlieWalter Johns.on. (history). University Coll.. ege, 19 South La aIStreet. 7,:30 p.m. 7.rk.TuesdaY,�,May 25. OS'LECTURE-':Th� Universe of the Many," Charles Morris, (ph�!)C' Io,phy). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 8 p.m.Wednesday, May 26 bel iLECTU.RE-"T .. S. El�ot: Irony as Faith," Morton Dauwen Z7:30.(EflglIsh).. Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street.p.m: 82c.. . delLECTURE�"A. Be�avior Theory-Charles Morris," BesS 5011.&,(speech). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 6:30 P75c.Sunday, May 30 t]o'"UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rev. John Baillee, rialversity of Edinburgh, Scotland, speaker. Rockefeller MeOloChapel, 59th Street and. Woodlawn Avenue. 11:00 a.m.Monday, May 31. so"LEC!URE-HP�rties in the Age of Ballyhoo," Walter JohO.&,(history). Umversity College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 7:30 P75c. .32Robert E. Froom- Youngstown, OhioIn 1940 I was studying to be a Civil Engineer at Ohio StateUniversity. In 1941 I was inducted, spent a good deal of time"paddling a saddle" in the Horse Cavalry, and then became an AviationCadet. After receiving my wings, I was assigned to the Air TransportCommand, winding up my activities flying the "Hump."Two days before V-J Day, I received a cablegram telling me ofmy father's death. Dad had been a New England Mutual policyholderso, shortly after returning home, I was introduced to the Company'srepresentative in Youngstown, Harley Kirkpatrick. I soon realizedthat Mr. Ki.r-kpat r i.ck had been of invaluable service to my father andto the whole family. When he learned that I wanted to go intobusiness for myself, he suggested life insurance, and arranged aninterview with the General Agent in Cleveland, and with the HomeOffice in Boston.Investigation convinced me that as an Agent for New EnglandMutual I would basically be in business for myself--with no realceiling on my earnings, and complete independence of action. Witheverything to gain and nothing to lose, I took the Company'saptitude test, and qualified.To date, I have completed a thorough training course in theHome Office in Boston; I have· attended t�o Company conventions;I have my own office, and I have placed a half million dollars ofinsurance on the lives of people in my community. Each day Idiscover new uses for life insurance and realize that there's nolimit to the amount that will be bought in the future.I'm certainly glad I chose life insurance as a career. Besidesthe earning possibilities and the independence, it gives me the deepsatisfaction of knowing that my services can be as valuable to myclients as were those of Mr. Kirkpatrick to my own family.Graduates of our Home Office training courses, many of themnew to the business, are selling at a ratewhich produces averagefirst-year incomes of $3600. The total yearly income on such sales,with renewal commissions added, will average $5700. Facts such as these helped Bob Froom solve his career problem. Foradditional facts and figures, write: Mr. H. C. Chaney, Directorof Agencies, New England Mutual Life Insurance Company,501 Boylston Street, Boston 17, Mass.·······Th���··u�i�:·�f··C·hi����I:::II�'�d··h·�·�d���i�·�fl�th·;�'��ii���··;��:·��"�;����t··N��:;·E;�·I�·�d··M·;t�;i;·······Harry Benner, 'II, Chicago Mrs. O. B. Anderson, 'IS, MinneapolisCharles P. Houseman, '28, Los AngelesWe have opportunities for more Univ. of Chicago men. Why not write Dept. 0 in Boston?ONE OF A SERIES OF STORIES ABOUT ALLOYING METALS ••• WHERE THEY/COME FROM AND HOW THEY ARE USEDTHE STORY OF TUNGSTEN1 Tungsten has been found in medieval. Damascus swords-so hard theycould cleave iron speflrs at a blow, sokeen they could 'cut floating gossamer,so elastic they would spring back toshape after being bent to aright angle,'.Yet it is only for about 50 years thattungsten has been known as a: valuablealloying metal, \ 2 The exciting flash of gold was the,dream of miners in gold rush days.They cursed when their pickaxes rangagainst a .stubborn black rock-one ofthe tungsten ores, which has since soldfor 'as much as gold ores. Tungsten oreis mined in the United States andmany other countries throughout' theworld,4 In cutting tools of high-speed steeland tungsten carbide and in the well­known HAYNES STELLITE non-ferrousalloys, tungsten produces a hard edgethat stays· hard even under extremefriction and high- temperatures. Tung­stenhas other important uses, such as inthe heat-resisting.metals of gas turbinesand jet engines. 5 Nature made the diamond, but man,has created something almost as hard-tungsten carbide. This highly abrasion­resistant material is used for dies and \tools and as a welded deposit on partsexposed to extreme wear. For instance,this tungsten alloy applied to drill bitsenables oil men to drill wells almostthree miles deep. HOT AND HEAVY3 Tungsten (which is Swedish for"heavy stone") gets hotter than anyother metal before it melts-6,lOO° F..That's why it is used in electric lampfilaments and has many valuable indus­trial applications where high heat resist­ance is needed. Electromet producespure tungsten powder, ferrotungsten,and calcium tungstate.Help Wanted?,If you need help on some specificapplication, of ferro-alloys or alloysteels, let Electromet work it outwith you. Our modern, completely'equipped research laboratories atNiagara Falls, New York, are staffed'by men who have had years of ex­perience in helping ferro-alloy userssolve problems that arise in theirplants and in the markets served bythem. You can learn more about·this unique service by writing to ourTechnical Service Department forthe booklet, "Electromet Productsand Service."Electromet,�,ELECTRO METALLURGICAL COMPANY. Unit of Union Carbide and Carbon Corporation30 East 42nd Street 00 New York 17, N. Y.ELECTROMET Ferro-Alloys and Metals are sold by Electro Metal­r lurgical Sales Corporation, and Electro' Metallurgical Company ofCanada, Limited, Weiland, Ontario."Haynes Stellite" is a registered trade-mark of Haynes Stellite Company . Ferro-Alloys & MetalsTRADE-MARK