T� � U N IV�RS ITY O�(�I(AGO MAGAZI N �.� 'CANCER MOBILE'II TO make the benefits of x-ray available to moreand more people ••• " That has been the goalof General Electric x-ray specialists since 1913,when the company's energies were first directedinto x-ray research by the work of Dr. WilliamD. Coolidge.Now, with the development of the CancerMobile by the combined efforts of the Kentuckydivisio:U of the American Cancer 'Society andGeneral Electric, x-ray facilities will be carriedinto the most remote areas, and to the humblesthomes. The farmer's wife with the lump in her breast,the village store clerk whose voice has dwindledto a hoarse whisper, no longer need live in fearfor months wondering whether or not they havecancer. Rural doctors who lack x-ray facilitieswill use the bus for their private patients. Butin addition, those unable to pay will receive freeexamination.The Cancer Mobile goes into action alongtrails of service already marked out by morethan fifty mobile tuberculosis-control x-ray busesequipped by General Electric.GENERAL. ELECTRICNone of our businessJohn R. Davey is Dean of Stu­dents in the College. Wilbert H.U rry is a member of the Chemistryfaculty (not to be confused withHarold C. Urey, 'also Chemistry).Each has a youngster named John;both are in the' third grade.Young John Davey is an old timerin the University Laboratory Schools.John Urry was a new-comer last fall.Little John Davey keeps alert to thecomings and goings of the Universityfaculty members through the bits ofinformation he picks up at the din­ner table. So he was one up on theother fellows in his class when thegang was wondering who the new boywas. John D� approached John U.John D.: "I know what your daddoes."John U.: "Well, I can't help it."John D.: "He makes atomicbombs."John U.: "But he doesn't like itand he's going to quit."YokeDr. C. C. Clay, former MedicalDirector of the Clinics, was in fromNew Haven via Minneapolis (wherehe had been Superintendant of St..Barnabas Hospital) during the holi­days. He is teaching hospital admin­istration at Yale. Clay explainedthat he had to be careful to add "Uni­versity" when telling his Minnesotafriends where he is located. He did­n't want them to think he had a yobin yail.Midway memoriesThe Freshman Three QuartersClub initiates who swept out theIllinois Central train en route to theLoop as a part of their public initia­tion .... the Coffee Shop when itwas called the Spa. . . . Mirror when it was an exclusively girls' show ....the Reynolds Club when it was head­quarters for the Army in the firstWorld War .... the days when Fresh-'men wore green caps '. compulsorychapel attendance the year Gil.bert Bliss (Mathematics) won thetwo-mile Big Ten bicycle race froma standing start (time: 5 ;42 1/5;date: May 25, 1895).Which brings to mind the pre-autodays when students took their livesin their hands 'crossing the Midway,at 7 P.M. because of the thousandswho cycled up and down the one waylanes after office hours. Speed copswere mounted on bikes or clockedspeeding cyclists from the corners.What are in the towers?We've always been curious aboutthe shadowy suggestions of things inthe towers of Billings Hospital. Itremained for The Tablet) monthlynews org:an of the Clinics' staff, to tellus in the December issue:". . . Those towers on Billings . . .are as useful as they are ornamental.Each has a huge tank which suppliesthe hospitals with adequate water.Since the city pressure is insufficient, PADautomatic pumps maintain the level'of these tanks ...."In the towers are the air condi­tioning units where the air is washed,cooled or heated, humidified, andforced to the operating rooms. Here,too, are the motors, relays, cabledrums, and other apparatus for theelevators .... "The same articles takes us 'throughthe basement doors marked "Private"and "Danger ; ""In the basement ... is a heavilylocked steel door marked 'Switch­board Room.' In it is a power andlight control board large enough tosupply the needs of a small city.Should the main lighting line fail,its switchboard would automaticallyopen and in the same operation closea switch which starts a gasoline enginedriving a large generator."To the surgeons in the operatingroom, the change would mean littlemore than. a slight interruption inthe lighting .... In another sectionof the basement is the larger equip­ment, including the central refrigera­tion system which cools almost 100large refrigerators and manufactures'ice." There are twenty-three menon the engineering staff.THE MARSHALL FIELDS, A Study in Wealthby .John Tebbel, Dutton, $3.75.This is a story of two men. One gavethe first ten acres of Land on the Midwayto help start the new University of Chicago;the other is today a member of its Boardof Trustees. The book is in three parts.I. How to Make a Fortune. The firstMarshall Field was a steel-cold, honest,upright, successful, publicity-modest, self­made Chicago business man who accumu­lated a huge fortune with these attributes.Although he recognized and rewardedability he was never one to flatter.Fearing to encourag� idleness or depend­ency, he avoided indiscriminate benevol­ence. Therefore, he supported few philan­thropies and those only modestly.When it was suggested that he financethe new University his reply was typical:"Other men can build themselves monu­ments if they wish, but I will not. It isexceedingly easy to give away other people'smoney." But when Marshall Field finallydecided to aid in the establishing of thisUniversity he made a discovery:"It was the founding of the University ofChicago that brought Field out of his shellof self-sufficiency and began to make of hima man who could understand the import­ance and satisfaction of translating wealthinto endurable public service institutions.... His donation started a wave of sup­port for the project, and in 1890 Field evenbecame one of the six signers of the articlesof incorporation."In the next decade he contributed sometwo and a half millions to various worthycauses.Marshall Fields' closing years were lonely.They were the harvest of a lifetime ofaloofness and selfsufficiency climaxed bythe tragic death . (apparently by suicide) ofhis son, Marshall n, who had been frus­trated through life by the dominance ofhis father. Marshall Field 1 died less thantwo months later leaving an estate of 130millions._ ll. The Store. ]if his private and domes­tie, life was not completely successful, Mar­shall Fields' store was. There were goodreasons for it 'becoming world famous.Mr. Field was the first merchant to senda fashion. expert to Europe annually andlater to develop the largest retail storeimporting business in the world.He was the first to establish the policythat the customer is always right; the firstto institute personal shopping services; tointroduce restaurants for the convenienceof all-day shoppers; to install clocks insideand outside the store so that patrons couldshop 'I!lP to the minute of other appoint­ments. He developed the best china sec­tion, toy department and doll repair sec­tion in the country and introduced scoresof other services ehat have' carried the in­stitution's high reputation to present-dayworld fame. III. How to Spend a Fortune. For manythis is the most interesting section of thebook. It is about Marshall Ill, who livedhIS early life in England, became the life'of social London, returned to America totake over the trusteeship of the Field Es­tate, and eventually turned to seriousAmerican projects.Currently the projects are: New Yorkdaily, P.M.,; Sunday supplement, Parade;• Chicago daily, Sun; four radio stations:WJJD, Chicago, WSAI, Cincinnati; KOIN,,Portland, Oregon; and KJR, Seattle; South­ern Farmer, a monthly southern farm jour­nal with 325,000 circulation; Simon &Schuster, and Pocket Books, book publish­ers; and the Field Foundation, for philan­thropies.Although full credit is given for the suc­cesses of The Marshall Fields, the book isnot 320 pages of eulogy. It is the story ofa grandfather whose philosophy practicedtoday, could have wrecked the empire hebuilt yesterday; and a grandson who isusing, with reasonable intelligence, thefortune left by his grandfather.TIME AND CHANCE, By Cyrus Leroy Bald­ridge. New York: John Day, illustrated.$7,,50.Forty years ago there a r r i v e d onthe Midway a gangling, open-faced, blue­eyed lad from Kewanee, raw even for adown-state Freshman. He was to becomea legend at the University and, later, if notto make history at least to live it vividlyand to the full. He 'was Roy Baldridge,and this volume is his testament. In thepages of this Magazine it is fitting to recordthat the University of Chicago is for himthe unifying note of his life.What an extraordinary life it has been!Charity Eliza, his mother from up-stateNew YOlk, a woman of iron sou�, draggedthe lad from end to end of the country,NATHANIEL PEFFERIn the Ja,nuary, ,1931 issue of the MAGA·Z:INE le·Roy Baldridge reviewed Nat P·effer'sbook: "China, The Collapse of a Civiliza­tion," pu'b'iish,ed by John Day. This, sket,chaccompanied the- article. Isn't it interestinghow tables get completely reversed, even +othe' sa,me .ptl'blisher, in seyenteen years?2 earning the livelihood of both as itinerantdrummer selling one thing and another.The story of those wanderings is the Amer­ican myth in little, the biography of theAmerican past, and it makes, incidentally,fascinating reading. Of formal schOOlingthe lad had little, but in those years therecame out of him, in the inexplicable originof the creative, the clean, firm, sure linethat has characterized him as artist eversince .Then he turned up in Kewanee, wherehe was bell-boy, porter and handyman in. his stepfather'S hotel and did varied odd-jobs from baggage-smasher to stagehand.With his savings he came in 1907 to theUniversity of Chicago, where, if he learnedlittle or nothing, after the college fashionof the time, he became the Prominent Stu­dent of his college generation and some­thing more-something of a legendary per­sonality, part Galahad, part knight-errant,part Little Lord Fauntleroy and part thestiff-souled son of Charity Eliza.Then down-town Chicago and commer­cial art, then cattle-punching in the West,then service on the Mexican border in the- First Illinois Cavalry with Pershing andthen the World War, where he maturedboth as person and artist. He went firs�as free-lance, artist, being evicted neutrallyby all the belligerent armies. Then hejoined the French army as truck-driver andafter America's entrance, the America�army, becoming one of the original staffof the Stars and Stripes, the soldiers' paperthat made journalistic history. Then afterthe war, disillusioned like many of thesensitive of his generation he went toChina to join me, as it happened, for wehad been classmates and I had precededhim to China four years before. Then hecame home and married Caroline Singer.whom he had met in France. Then laterwith Caroline, he rambled far and wide:successively to Europe, to China and Japanto India and Persia' and Africa. Thes�journeys were recorded in distingUishedbooks, he drawing and she writing, bOOksthat were an integration of two personali_ties rather than a collaboration of artistand writer. In the years since he hasmade his Hving in New York as illustratorof books.It is fitting that his concluding chapterbegins with Chicago Revisited, the aCCOuntof his return to the University after thefiftieth anniversary, to write of the NewChicago. There in his own maturity hesaw the University matured, and in it foundthe recapitulation of his own values, thevalues worked out in art and varied experi­ence; The new Chicago student looked atlife whole and freshly and not at activi­ties frenziedly carried on in juvenile seri­ousness. Mostly, there was in evidence, atwork, that which had become his owncreed, evolved out of his art and his ex­perience and meaning more to him thanhis professional career-the free -intelligence, the spirit of uninhibited inquiry, in­tellectual integrity and tolerance. So hehas hated war and more than war itself,the intolerance bred of war; so he hashated prejudice and injustice and the in­fliction of suffering; and has lived hisbeliefs more than the generality of men.The book is the record of his experiencesand the evolution of his attitudes and be­liefs. It is profusely illustrated by the bestof his drawings over the years, and thedrawings themselves make the book mem­orable. Chicago can take satisfaction inone of its sons.NATHANIEL PEFFER '11LHysteria?I was amazed to read Dr. Douglas's criti­cal estimate of Mr. Wallace's views, which,as Dr. Douglas says, is based solely IOn ac­counts of Mr. Wallace's recent speeches. Asan eminent scholar in the realm of botheconomics and political science, surely Dr.Douglas is well aware that accounts of Mr.Wallace's speeches appearing in currentnews articles and in other current publica­tions are far from being accurate, complete,and understanding factual statements aboutthese speeches. FQr SQ eminent a scholarto arrive at SQ rigid an interpretation ofanother person's views, IOn the basis ofmere accounts, and to express his views insuch sweeping terms, is te me almost un­thinkable. But the evidence is unrnis­takable, as found on page five in the firstthree paragraphs, under the caption "Wal­lace" DECEMBER MAGAZINE.I fear that Dr. Douglas has fallen a vic­tim to the tragic hysteria regarding Russiancommunism that now grips our people,which is as far from being genuine 'com­munism as the kind of pseudo-democracywe are practicing in our nation is frombeing genuine democracy. .'William Woodrow Martin; 04 AM '22.Greensboro, North. CarolinaPaul Douglas: "I have said he was 'per­sonally estimable' and do not want toquestion his good faith. But do you haveany record of Mr. Wallace's criticizingRussia?"Mocking birds mockSo many of our readers are UniversityHigh School alumni that we think theywill enjoy a typical Chrismas letter fromtheir popular science teacher who foundromance in nature from a green leaf tothe trap. door of a spider:Our days in California are happy ones,The sun shines, the orange trees in ouryard are full and ripening, the mockingbirds mock, Genial friends had one oftheir cottages all ready for us. So you seewe are pretting sitty and all goes well. .We spent most of the summer in north­ern California, Oregon, and WashingtQnvisiting friends who have ranches andorchards. Went fishing up the Columbiainto Canada ....On October 22 we flew back to Yakima[Washington] where I spoke at all theschools during National Apple Week. Boxesof apples went with me to each school as areward to the children for listening to meextoll the virtues of the great commoneramong fruits: the American apple. Thechildren survived but [not the apples] ....Sometimes we catch ourselves thinking:Here we are away out West,Cozy and snug in our comfy nest,Oranges, poinsettas and all the rest­But we think snowballs are the bestFor Christmas.O. D. FrankLos Angeles. s T'HE UNIVERSITY OF ,CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume 40. Febeuery, 1948 Number 5PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATI:ONHOWARD W. MORTEaitor EMIIL Y D. BROOKEAssociate EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNmE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN TH IS ISS U EEDJiTOR'S MEMO PAD - 1BOOKS 2LETTERS 3THE WORLD CONVULSION , Herman Finer 5THE WASHINGTON PROM 8LET THE CHURCH EDUCATE! Paul V. Harper - - 10SHIRLEY JACKSON CASE, 1872-1947, Harold R. Willoughby - 12ARCHEOLOGY AND CATASTROPHE IN JERUSALEM, Sherman E.Johnson 14ONE MAN's OPINION, William V. Morgenstern 15NEWS OF Tl:IE QUADRANGLES, Jeannette LowreyREADING LISTS ARE BACK - 16- 21- 22- 24CALENDARNEWS OF 'THE CLASSES'COVER:: The winter. Midway wifh the Herper and Chapel towersg;razin'g t�:e gra,y skies.Published by the Alumni Association of. the University 'of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Pabllcation, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37" Illinois. Annual subscrip­tion ll'rice $3.'0,0. Si,n'gle copies 3'5, cents •. Entered as second class matter December 1, 193(, atthe Post Office at Cflicago, Hlinoi's, under the act of March 3, 1879,. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director •. 22 Washington Square" New YOi"k, N. Y., 1s theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.Auto Livery... tQuiet, unob'ru.iv •.. tvlc.When you wan' It, a. you want I.CALL AN EMERY FIRSTEmery Drexel Livery, Inc.5516 Harper AvenueFAIRFAX 6400Wi:nter along the archway nor+h of HarperTHE WORLD CONVULSIONWi,11 we pay theprice for peace?The duel crisisWEARE confronted by a world convulsion with­out parallel in history. Every sign in every partof the world gives evidence of a tremendousupheaval. The United States, enormous in territory, inwealth and productive capacity, though far removedgeographically from the most violent centers of dis­turbance, is nevertheless drawn into the vortex moreseriously as time goes on.The issues before the world have become: can wemaintain the world in peace? and can we, in each par­ticular country, renew our economical, social and polticalinstitutions so that enhanced opportunities for all arisefrom the way of life while civil liberties are maintained?The crisis of our time is a double crisis. It is a crisisin world affairs and in our domestic institutions. Thesetwo planes are not separate, but forcefully affect eachother. For example, a chain of reactions can be seenextending from the internal situation of France, betweena certain French political party and the balance of powerinterests of Soviet Russia and the similar world interestsof the United States. The Marshall Plan simultaneouslyseeks to assist the French economy and to maintain demo­cratic power, throughout the world, and not least in theUnited States.The world turmoil arises out of the clash between theexpressed desire of all peoples for peace and their simul­taneous desire for justice, at a time when no world gov­ernment exists to say authoritatively what justice is to be.To that I will return in a moment.At the domestic and democratic level, the struggleagain is between the developing ideals of social actionwhich were always bound' to spring from democracy as itbecame more and more mature, and certain economicand social evils-ignorance, want, sickness, squalor, andlack of homes, liability to unemployment and restrictionin competitive enterprise-s-which the democratic con­cerns find it almost impossible to tolerate.Both of these struggles involve the problem of govern­ment. the first, the world problem, is what method,machinery and procedure can be devised to allow variablecultural and economic diversities to go on developingamong nations and yet to reconcile these peacefully? I �can be seen that a very similar issue is involved in the in­ternal government of each separate nation. It is clearthat in both cases, considerable readjustments are nec­essary. • By HERMAN FINERHerman Finer, formerly of the london School of Econom­ics, is Professor of Political Science. So popular have beenhis lectures in our spe­cial alumni course: OurPolitical and EconomicalCrisis, that he has yield­ed to many requests tosummarize these lecturesin the MAGAZINE. Theconcluding article willappear in the March is­sue. Professor Finerlsnew boo, k I America'sDestiny (Macmillan), justoff the presses, treatsthis subject more thor­oughly. The New YorkTimes thinks: "He hasthe competence that. comes from thoroughscholarship, an unflinching sincerity and a wide experienceof political affairs"; end the Chicago Sun: II••• a notablecontribution to the literature of power politics and worldpeace."If mankind were interested in material things alonethese problems might be easily solved. But beyond theeconomic interest we sense the constant quest of all men tofeel their self-respect, to be conscious of their dignity,and to be convinced that what they want and do is rightand just. Indeed, these lectures have no point unless it isbecause we seek a social morality and an individual senseof justification and can conscientiously better those whichdirect us today.The problem of force or persuasion internationallyIn looking at our contemporary troubles it is necessary. to make a clean distinction between the long-run andshort-run post-war situation. The short-run situation isone of an emergency that has arisen between the westerncountries and the Soviet Union, and out of the exceptionaldevastation of the economies of Europe through war. Itis not merely a tension between the United States andthe U.S.S.R., for between these two countries lie all thelands of devastated but striving Europe.Surrounding the two great rivals in the Far East andCentral and South America are other lands, whose fatewill be decided by the balance between these two. This·. is the cardinal immediate problem of our time, and itnecessitates the immediate and consistent support of alllands which are not yet within the Russian power sothat they may maintain an independence which permitsthem to become democratic, if they are not so already.This implies economic assistance, diplomatic support,and perhaps military aid. What this means we shallbetter understand when we have considered the longterm international problems more carefully and to thatI now tum.6 THE UNIVERSITY OF 'CHICAGO MAGAZINE. No common superior, no common moraHtyThe world's anxieties arise from the fact that theseventy sovereign nations are not governed by either acommon superior or a common morality. If a commonsuperior existed it might be something like the govern­ment of the United States is to the individual citizenswithin the United States. It would legislate, executedecisions, and decide all controversies in its courts ofjustice.The seventy sovereign nations 'bow to nothing like this.The law making body is scrappy-if we even can callthe United Nations a law making body. The rule of lawin the world is based on and developed by internationaltreaties. Such treaties set up executive bodies like theUnited Nations or the specialized agencies like the ITO,the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank,etc. Treaties also set up the voluntary submission of dis­putes to the international court of �ustice .so far only asthe individual signatories are prepared to submit to it.World order is' tentative, incomplete, voluntary. Itdepends on the weakest link 'in the chain, the last good­willed nation. Above all, the whole apparatus, activityand procedure of this amount of intern�tional govern­ment, the United Nations itself, is founded on nothingmore solid than an international treaty.Treaties and moralityIt is at this point that we can see the dreadful weak­ness of a world without a common superior or a commonmorality. For world peace and justice depends on thekeeping of promises, that is, the fulfillment of treaties.This, the fulfillment of treaties (pa,cta sunt seroandaiis the final deposit of international law on which reststhe whole structure of world order.International law embraces much more than this;but this principle is the one on which an international lawstands whether it is stipulated in the clauses of a treatyor results from custom. And it must be remembered thatsuch custom sanctions .independence, sovereignty andequality of nations. It sanctions war and neutrality; itpermits any development of armed forces of any kind ofgovernment or economy which each nation happens tothink is proper for it, however bad it may be for itsneighbors.I revert to the basic theme, The reliance on the fulfill­ment of treaties is the rock on which all internationalorder is founded. To be a rock of salvation would requirethe permanent assurance that those who make treaties'really understand each other, really mean to fulfill them,to interpret them alike, and conduct themselves at homeand abroad in their spirit.The lees+ common moralityIn the absence of a common morality in the worldsuch assurance is not to be expected.What do I mean by a common morality? I do notmean that we can expect every country in the world to have the same ideas about its economy, religion, thefamily, business .morality, education, the extent to whichthe individual is subject to society, the range and quan­tity of civil liberty. Such a uniformity would be desirable.In any case it is impossible since regions of the earth areso far apart from each other that the diverse geographic,climatic and resource conditions must produce diversity,even where people stem from the. same national type,as is shown by the autonomy of the British Dominion.I t is natural that groups of human beings living theirown lives thousands of miles away from each other in verydifferent environments shall become different. It is alsodesirable that the world shall enjoy a great variety ofcultures. How bored we would be in spirit if the 140million people of the U'nited States were all strictly ofone type.Yet, while we admire and encourage such> diversity,there must be a minimum of agreement for reconcilingsuch diversities when international disturbances arise.That is what I mean by a least common morality. Itsmain assurance hitherto has been the obligation to fulfilltreaties.The preamble and principles of the United Nationscharter lays down some substantive principles of interna­tional morality, for example, that all nations shall guar­antee certain civil rights regardless of race, creed, color orsex. But the concrete meaning and fulfillment of theseand other rights are still to be made clear and secure bythe UN.The other contribution to the last common moralitymade by the United Nations is that the development ofthese rights and the settlement of disputes shall be by theuse of the procedure it lays down-this alone is just. Butthis is still based on this principle of fulfillment of treaties.It needs supplements for fear of failure and war. Whatcan these supplements be?A unlfied world but seperate nationsIt cannot be denied that the material and spiritualforces which are moving the world today produce contactand collision, and might produce unity. Let us considerthis more carefully.1. It is impossible to sever the various nations andraces physically. Each country lives on the other one'sdoorstep and backyard. Greece, for example, is to theU.S.S.R. a beach-head leading into Russia. It is also apoint from which American, British, and other vesselsmoving into the Middle East can be destroyed. Germanysteps on the heart of Russia to the East, and to the heartof France to' the West. In other words, the countries.cannot be severed and isolated physically.2. Nor can they be isolated morally. Modern com­munications make the events of any country the immedi­ate affairs of citizens of' other countries. Many peoplein all countries are passionately affected by events andcontroversies and human struggles that go on elsewhere.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThey are right to be so interested, for a democracy with­out moral feeling for all men everywhere is on theway to becoming without moral obligation for its ownnational decency in its own borders.3. There is economic interdependence. Even if weare modest about the standard of living, we should beextremely badly off unless all the regions of the world andall human beings co-operate to produce and exchange.Even the �United States, richest of all nations, needs theforeign customers, who keep five million Americanworkers employed with good pay envelopes and the goodsfrom abroad for indispensable use in American manu­factures and consumption. We still have one-third ofthe nation ill-clad, ill-fed, ill-housed and physicallybelow par. Indeed, we can- venture the paradox, thereis no such thing as foreign trade.Absolute weapons and total wer4. Two special factors have become particularly urgentin our time. The first is the devastating effect of the atombomb and the possibility of bacterial, warfare. Theseprospects are so frightful that reliance on mere treatieshas become risky indeed. The more absolute the destruc­tion is likely to be, the less assurance from foreign prom­ises. Can any Secretary of State take a risk on thepromises made' by a possible enemy? If he did he wouldbe thrown out of office. The margin of risk-taking bynations has been reduced by the absoluteness of destruc­tion and the defenselessness against modern methods ofwarfare .. This calls for something internationally strongerthan treaties. It may be full international governmentover weapons; or it may be the most powerful pre­paredness for war by the most powerful nations marshal­ling alliances and coalitions.5. In addition, we shall never forget the meaning oftotal war now that we have experienced it in World WarI and World War II, and learned its significance for ourlives in the struggIe between Fascism, Hitlerism, andCommunism. For "total" war has meant the idea thatwhoever is the victor shall determine the very form ofsociety and government of the vanquished. This is themeaning of Woodrow Wilson's principle that only demo­cratic countries should be admitted to the League ofNations. It is the idea underlying the proposals for thesuggested Bill of Rights. It is more currently the ideaembodied in a resolution of the General Assembly of theUnited Nations against "genocide" that is the annihila­tion of whole groups of people because of their raceor creed or political system.Who can take the risk in face of the necessary unityof the world, and of its awful risks of reliance upontreaties?Yet we see seventy sovereign countries who have beenunwilling to yield to the United Nations more than themerest trifle of their sovereignty. And above all we seeespecially serious rifts in what might have been a common 7morality-that is to say the rift between the democraciesof the West and the despotism that currently governs theSoviet Union.Our world is riven by a variety of moral differences.The first is the difference in wealth and opportunity,producing jealousies among nations and a competitivedesire for self improvement. It is shown in restriction ofimmigration, quotas, tariff. It is riven also by the .revoltof colonial peoples against those who have, sometimes forcenturies, dominated their lives and economy and self­expressions. Some governments, like Soviet Russian,'deliberately set out to exasperate and inflame these dif­ferences.And, again, theworld is divided by the conflicts of landswhich haveraw material economies, as, for example, theLatin American countries, and the countries of North­western Europe and the United States which werepioneers in industrialization. The former revolt and fumeagainst the latter, and as can be seen very interestinglyin the ITO meeting at Havana, show unwillingness tomake a treaty giving up their free right to manage theirown economies by quotas arrd tariffs. For without thesethey believe they cannot foster their own industrialization.Above all, the world is divided by a sheer gulf in moraloutlook. Shall men govern themselves democratically,with responsible legislatures and parties based on the freeconsent shown at elections, as in the United States andBritain and elsewhere? Or, as the Soviet Union exempli­fies, should they be g,overned by a group of self-appointedrulers who will give the people by compulsion what theythink is good for them?The first point of view asserts that the dignity and selfrespect of man consists in having a free and equal voicein the government of his daily life and the exercise ofhis mind and fate. The latter has hitherto held that onlya self-elected conscious vanguard of rulers can know whatis for the good of others by their ability to read it fromscientifically developed history. This is the one great moraldeft in the world that makes all treaties insecure, eventhe treaty which is the charter of the United Nations. Forthe cleft breeds hatred, which breeds fear.Therefore, the world has been thrown back onto thebalances of power which is nothing more than the as­sumption by each country of the independent right touse its maximum power to support the way of life whichit prefers, if necessary by the formation of alliances, andcertainly by preparations for self-defense.Peace without iustice not wantedI have again and again connected the words peace andjustice. If we search our will for peace we shan noticethat we are not prepared to have peace at any price, not,at any rate the-majority of each nation, and certainly notthe soviet rulers. If we look closely into the debates in theSecurity Council of the United Nations we shall noticehow often one or the other of the participants declaresthat it is not ready to be bound by a majority vote of8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe Council. This is especially true of the Soviet Union,which repeatedly declares that it will not submit to sucha vote because it does not believe that it will be "justly"treated.At the ITO meeting the raw material economy coun­tries will not surrender that part of their sovereigntywhich concerns the limitation of imports, because theythink it is "just" that / they shall convert their economiesto the highly paid industrial manufactures; whereas theUnited States think it to be just that they shall not limitimports. •There is the trouble: no universally valid standard ofjustice exists for the whole world; and no country todaywhatever is prepared at once and fully to submit itselfto such a standard even if the whole world should voteagainst its own views. The Arab hostility to the UnitedNations decision on the partition of Palestine is a perfectexample: Arab threats to take warlike measures to preventthe implementation of the plan is another.Nationalism and sovere:ignifyIf we look a little deeper we shall s�e that the standardof justice by which nations are mainly moved is that whichsatisfies their nationalism. The course of history hasresulted in the highest value, for most men and women,lying in the standard set up by their national group. Thesestandards may be very noble, and the ways of life splendid,as some undoubtedly are. But men have evolved to thepoint, and only to 'the point, where what is of supremeright, of supreme social value, the highest justification ofwork and sacrifice, and even of the surrender of life itself,is the locality called "the nation."This feeling has been enhanced by the two WorldWars; while communications and education are not yetvalid enough to have abated the feelings of difference andsuperiority among nations, If nationalism is their mostprecious good, it is to be feared for and defended. If allthink like this, nationalism produces sovereignty. Andthe only way to reduce the latter is· to reducethe former.Yet what loyalty can rise above the former? At a givenpoint of time in the world's history, progress may actually consist iri insisting on one's own way of life, because, oncomparison, rationally, it is the best yet invented, eventhough it may still be imperfect.rdeology. nationaHsm, and sovereignity.Nationalism is a way of life. It consists of religion,economic acquisitiveness, form of government, the extentto which the society controls, protects and tolerates indi­vidual rights, family morals, charity toward ether people,a feeling of world philanthropy or of imperialism. It isclear that one of its ingredients is the ruling philosophyof govemmerit, especially in our own day when the statehas come to mean so much to each individual either ashis protector or his commander.The moral tension of the world today lies in the factthat part of the nationalism of the United States is itsdemocratic faith; while the essential part of .the Sovietrulers' nationalism is a conscious despotism, declaredto be benevolent to the masses, but nevertheless a despot­ism: No one outside Russia knowns what the Russianpeople think Dr want.This sets up differences of government, differences inthe toleration of individual rights of self-expression andparticipation in government, leading to mutual hatred, atleast of self-defensiveness. The actual economic system,capitalism or socialism, a free market enterprise Dr aplanned economy is also a difference, but ilt is not thedecisive difference, it is quite secondary; the cardinal Con­tract is between a free people and a people governed fromabove.Hence, the unwillingness of either side to give up itssovereignty. And the preparedness of all sides to assistthose who are most like themselves to be even more likethemselves, rising in the Soviet case to adventures takenabroad by inroads of Soviet troops Dr agents, and wherethis is not yet possible to the fostering of local CommunistParties to cause disruption and division.In the next issue we shall take up the discussion 'Of thesecond great level of political anxiety, namely, domesticgovernment, and draw together the threads 'Of both withsome forecast of how the world is likely to fare in thenear future.THE WASHINGTON PROMANNOUNCEMENT that the Washington Prom­enade, one of the few traditions which has con­tinued since the days of President Harper, will beheld in Bartlett Gymnasium on the evening of February21,- will doubtless inspire many reminiscences.The Washington Prom was born in a gymnasium.Before the University was five months old a banquet,honoring the father of our country, was held in theone-story temporary brick gymnasium which spread overHutchinson Court, At this dinner temporary plans weremade for the first annual Washington Ball.Destined to be the crowning event of the social season,the Ball was also destined to a decade of wandering. until the University could provide quarters· _large enough toaccommodate it.The first Washington Ball ( 1894) was held at theBarry (DeIPrado) Hotel, which then occupied the pres­ent site of International House. About thirty couples at­tended and danced quadrilles, polkas,' schottisches, andwaltzes.In 1895 nhe students gathered at the Chicago BeachHotel at 8 P.M. for a musical program by the Glee, Sere­nade, and Banjo Clubs and the Minstrel Quartet. Thiswas followed by dancing.At the 1896, Prom, again at Chicago Beach, nine seniormen appeared wearing pins consisting of small, gold,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEdiamond-eyed owl heads encircled by emerald-eyed ser­pents. The men refused to answer questions and studentslearned indirectly of the birth of a senior honor society,t'he Owl & Serpent.The Washington Prom continued at Chicago BeachHotel until 1902 when it was held at Bourniques, thefashionable ballroom of a famous dancing academy. TheProm made a two-year stand at this balloorm where, in1903, Donald Richberg's "Flag of Maroon" was firstplayed. It created such a sensation that the orchestrawas forced to respond to four encores. The tune had justthe right swing for a lively two-step.Bartlett Gymnasium was dedicated in January, 1904.Before the echoes of President Harper's. acceptance speechhad died away the Washington Prom was moving in.From this first "homecoming" of the Prom, the decora­tions were always elaborate. For a smaller charge, thosewho didn't care to dance were admitted to the runningtrack where they could watch the festivities through thebowers of crepe paper. Dancers were not only attiredin full dress but most of the boys paid extra (at the dresssuit rental agencies) for silk hats .. Bartlett's VersatilityBartlett Gymnasium has pinch hit for a variety of acti­vities through the years. In a'ddiH1on +o serving as a ballroom for the Washington Prom, it is pressed into serviceregularly for registration and comprehensive examinations.Convocations have been held on its floors and, during therecent War years, the Navy jammed the floor and runningtrack with triple-deck beds. 9At midnight, all adjourned under the canopy leadingfrom Bartlett to Hutchinson Commons for supper. Atthe tables a special edition of the Daily Maroon carriedthe long list of those attending.The Prom, with its varied features and name bands,remained at Bartlett for fifteen years. Then it got theurge to wander again, from the South Shore CountryClub north to the Drake Hotel. A few times since .t hasreturned to Bartlett only to start wandering again.It is back again this year at Bartlett. The orchestra willbe Tex Beneke's (the former Glenn Miller organization),the price is four dollars a couple, the date is February21, the time is 9:30 to 1 :30, and tickets for alumni whowant to join the party can. be ordered through MissSarah Ruth Cook, 203 Reynolds Club, The Universityof Chicago, Chicago 37.LET THE CHURCH EDUCATE!The adultsare neglectedWHE.,N, th. e churc, h withdrew f�on: the fi,eld o.f ge,�­eral education, just where did It leave society mthis country of ours -and where did it leave thechuroh itself? It is not necessary to trace historically howor why the church withdrew from general education. To­day that withdrawal is an accomplished fact. The statehas assumed the duty and burden, at enormous expense,of primary and secondary education through the publicschools. Although there are still private schools in thesecategories, and although higher education is still dividedbetween state universities and coileges on the one hand,and private universities and colleges on the other, manyprivate institutions which were founded by the churchhave become independent of the church.There was a time when all education sprang from thechurch. Almost within our memories, education in thiscountry was one of the great interests of the church, whichcreated hundreds of the small denominational collegesthat are located all over the land. Harvard owes its exist­ence to the Puritans, Princeton to the Presbyterians, theUniversity of Chicago to the Baptists, and Yale to theCongregationalists. In the days of our grandfathers orgreatgrandfathers, in many a college town the ministerpreached his sermon on Sunday and held the role of col­lege president over the week. Until fairly recently, thepresidents of the great universities came from the clergyor from theological schools.,From the church's 'COncern with general education fol­lowed consequences which were important to society andto the church alike. There was drawn to the cl�rgy asplendid group of men, such as is to be found in every, society, who combined high intellectual endowment withthe social-mindedness that prompted them to teach others.These men devoted their lives as ministers to teaching or,if you will, devoted their lives as teachers to the ministry.Thus: a stimulating and intellectual leadership was cre­ated in the church.The clergy of this era, however, interested themselvesriot only in the education of the young. They inevitablybecame teachers in the broader sense of becoming leadersof thought among the older folk who constituted theircongregations. Their interest and responsibility wastoward people of all ages. This in itself gave rise to ademand on the part of the older groups for general educa,tion for themselves in one form or another. And it mustbe remembered that clergy of this calibre were spreadthroughout the nation, and that the congregations • By PAUL V. HARPER. '08. J.D. "13through which they worked were the predominant unitsof group life which largely made up soc�et�.I t was this interest and demand, sprmgmg from theleadership of the clergy, that led to the founding by theMethodists, for- example, of such institutions [or generaleducation as the original Chautauqua summer meetingground and school, which became the mother o� manychildren. Chautauqua reading circles with their pro.­grammed reading courses were to be found in manyMethodist congregations.Education has made enormous strides since it startedwalking alone. Great systems of public schools have de­veloped. Centers of higher learning have risen whereinare concentrated .huge facilities devoted not only to teach­ing but to the search for greater knowledge. But the diffi­culty is that all this vast system of educational institutio.nslimits its function to teaching the coming generation. Itstops short when its pupils reach the age of maturity. Itassumes that when the young quit the schoolroom they are"through with their education." "Once educated, alwayseducated"-or so society has been led to believe. Ourformal educational system therefore has come to ignoreadults.Moreover, the opportunities opened in this great edu­cational system for the young have quite naturally drawnthe group I have called "teacher-ministers" into the fieldof pure education and have turned its members into "pro,fessors." Hence over the years thousands of co.ngregationshave been-deprived of the intellectual leadership formerlygiven by the clergy. It is the men and women in charge ofthe education of the young and of research who now arethe intellectual leaders of the country, and these special­ists, instead of being scattered throughout society in thechurches, have gathered in larger and somewhat esotericgroups in our educational centers. Even teachers in thelower schools have no such position in the group life ashad the minister as leader of his congregation.Thus the church has come to give up the function ofeducating adults also. And si'nce our schools deal with theyoung exclusively, the adults are without adequate educa­tional facilities and leadership. So society has been left inthe lurch. Better education, perhaps, has been supplied to.the coming generation, but the younger 20 per cent donot constitute society. It is the older people, the estab­lished in life, who are the controlling element. They makethe decisions. They establish the level of public opinion.Paul V. Harper, son of our First President. is an alumnus,a trustee, and chairman of the Association's Committeeon Alumni Education. To him goes much of the credit forthe development of our �pec.ial �Iumni �ours�s. His in!enseinterest :in adult education Inspired thiS article, reprudedby' permission of The Christian Century from the issue ofDecember 17, 1947.10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEYet it is the adults who are neglected in respect of thevery thing that society has always largely depended uponfor its own elevation-widespread and continuing generaleducation. The church, on its side, has lost the intellectualleadership of society.It is high time that the church took back to itself thaL�portion of the field of education which today is not beingproperly cultivated; namely, adult education. By thissingle stroke, the church can give to society what societyso sorely needs and at the same time recapture for itselfsome of its erstwhile intellectual leadership. For thoughthe intellectual appeal and influence of the church mayhave diminished, it has not lost its strategic position forteaching grownups. Let u,s look at the church for amoment as a vehicle for this purpose.It is a huge thing, the church taken as a whole through­out the United States. Its members, organized in the vari­ous religious bodies, number over 72,000,000, or, excludingpersons under 13 years of age, over 59,000,000, about halfof the total population of the country. There were vastlymore church members in 1944 than there were personswho cast a vote in the presidential election (48,026,071).There are over 250,000 separate churches scatteredthroughout the land, which are the local centers of littlecommunities averaging, on an over-all basis, 250 members.A little more than two-thirds of these churches are locatedin cities and in villages of over 2;500 inhabitants. Thenumber of members in each church generally correspondsto the number of residents. In Chicag.o, for example, witha population of about 3,400,000, there are some 1)00churches, having a total membership of around 1,68'0,00'0,an average of roughly 1,000 members per church. Andfor an the churches in the country there are more than239,000 clergymen (1933)' and hundreds of theologicalseminaries for training clergymen.Seek as you will for an existing organization able tofurnish the facilities for continuing the general educationof society, you will not find any to match the church. Thechurch has thousands upon thousands of centers alreadybuilt and established, each of which is geared to influencethe lives not only of its members but of its total com­munity. These churches are integrated with almost percapita precision throughout the land and their leadershipis in the hands of an organized and experienced clergy.The public schools may be widely and appropriatelylocated, hut they reach only the young and are alreadyoverburdened with the responsibility of the young. Like­wise with' the colleges and universities. It is the churchalone that reaches the stronghold of society: the mature,older groups.The church can call out to the adult members of itscongregations: "Come to the church for the generaleducation you need so sorely. Come back for a little whileto school and in the light of your mature experience seekout again the fundamental principles and values of life.Review in an orderly way the sum of human knowledge as 11it exists today. Free yourselves from the smothering massof disconnected, ephemeral information which is pouredover you by modern communication-the printing press,the telephone and telegraph, the radio and the motionpicture. Re-educate yourselves directly to the point ofdiscriminating with knowledge, and with judgment basedon knowledge, between false and true, good and bad."There are signs of a growing demand for the church'sleadership in this direction. This country is now taking amajor part in world affairs. It cannot safely continuedoing so without showing the people the, necessity, andcreating in them the desire, for a better background ofknowledge and understanding of foreign peoples, theircultures and traditions. And it is of the first importancethat our people should become familiar with the interna­tional institutions that have been erected to maintain in­ternational relations. Again, the social, economic and cul­tural readjustment in our own nation called for by ourpresent one-sided, over-materialistic state of developmentcreates a crying need for understanding which onlysome form of adult general education can meet.This general education must be education in a veryreal sense. It. must command the respect for education assuch of the maturer, experienced person. Adult generaleducation involves self-education, under a guidance andstimulation far different from those needed in the school­room or even in the college lecture hall. It requires farless training that our formal educational system demandsof its teachers. Leaders of adult education in many of itsphases rise from the ranks, as it were.The clergy, with modest supplementary effort and train­ing in the techniques that have been worked out, couldwen take over the task. They should call upon the institu­tions of higher learning for help and guidance and forthe experimental research necessary to further develop­ment. In certain phases of. adult education, involving thebroad, orderly surveys of the fields of human knowledge,the clergy would be dependent upon the active aid ofsuch institutions. Such aid and cooperation can becounted upon with certainty because the institutions ofhigher learning realize the urgency and importance ofadult general education. They realize also their own lackof facilities and ability to reach the elders.The greatest encouragement and aid to the clergy in, carrying out' an educational program such as is here sug­gested would come from the congregations of the individ­ual churches; The clergyman would need the sympatheticTespcmse of the leading members of his congregation-buthe would need far more. The clergyman is no differentfrom the rest of us. His life, like ours, is crowded and hur­ried. We all need to stop, look and listen, for somethingis wrong with our way of living. We must do a littlefighting for time to accomplish the important things andlearn to cast out of our lives the cluttering mass of un­important activities that have attached themselves to us..I t WIll do us all good to be a little more discriminating inallocating our hours.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFor the clergy themselves it would prove a very worth­while thing to take up the job of educating adults. Inoverseeing the education. of their congregations our min­isters would increase their own education prodigiouslyand grow in stature and influence. Thus a new phase ofleadership on the part of the clergy would be created, onewhich by its intellectual character is more akin to theirspiritual leadership than many other activities they carryon. By its very newness it would give a fresh breath oflife to the church.Our society has many fundamental institutions, tradi­tions and customs upon which it depends for its health.These make it possible for the millions of us to live our in- dividual lives without stepping too hard on the toes ofothers. One of the greatest of these institutions is the-church. But the church and all other institutions are inturn dependent on a sound, well ordered, well roundedsociety. Let society as a whole degenerate, become one­sided, develop a marked lack, and all its institutions willsuffer.Today there is a lack. There is no adequate vehicle orleadership to provide or sustain a sound level or generaleducation for the most important part of society, its adultmembers. It is the church that is best fitted by position tosupply this need. It is the church that would probablygain most for itself in undertaking the task.SH'IRLEY JACKSON' CASE1872-1947A memorial custom of the Chicago Society for BiblicalResearch is to have a statement read, concerninq the pass­ing of any member, at the next meeting after the deathof the member. A copy is sent to the nearest of kin. Thefollowing statement was read at the Midwinter meetingof the Society in January, memorializing Dean ShirleyJackson Case who, for three decades, had been an excep­tionally active and stimulating member of the Society.Those who knewShirley Jackson Casewill always remem­ber him as an ex­emplary scholar, asuperb teacher, an ef­fective administrator,and the very kindestof friends.He was born on arough farm at Hat­field Poin t, NewBrunswick, seventy­five years ago. In hisstudent days he gavehimself a thoroughclassical education atAcadia University,and significant New Testament specialization at Yale'Divinity School, where he completed his Ph.D. underthe guidance of B. W. Bacon. .Later he studied at Mar­burg at a time when German scholars were vigorouslydebating the problem of the historicity of Jesus.A series of capable monographs published in scholarlyjournals won for him appointment to the New Testamentstaff at the University of Chicago in 1908. For a decadeand a half thereafter his professional activities were mainlywithin the department .of Burton and Goodspeed andSh;irley Jackson Case in 1934 Votaw. During 'this period, around the first World War,S. J. Case achieved and elaborated his characteristicsocial-historical perspective concerning Christian originsthat was his major gift to theological thinking in Amer­ica. He presented it most concretely and, fully in asequence of substantial volumes of which The Evolutionof Early Christianity (1914) is generally regarded as themost influential. Yale University recognized the ac­complishment by conferring on the author an honorarydoctorate in divinity.F or the full three decades of his residence in Chicago,Professor Case was an active and a highly creative mem­ber of the Chicago Society for Biblical Research. Easilyhe prepared more than his quota of papers for programsof the Society. This was a type of scholarly activity thatappealed greatly to him, and from which he profited ex­ceedingly. The discussions and criticisms of his colleaguesenabled him to clarify and revise his proposals for thesolution of outstanding problems. More frequently thannot the subject matter of papers read before the societylater appeared in printed' form in periodicals and books.For a quadrennium he was the accurate historian ofthe Chicago Society <:ts its secretary. His records were asneat and incisive as were those of his honored senior col­league, Clyde Weber Votaw. In the middle twenties hewas made president of the Chicago Society. The fairnessand urbanity with which he presided over sessions ofthis group were characteristic of the man. One year later,in 1926, he was elected to the presidency of the NationalSociety of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. His inauguraladdress before this organization was a fundamental in­quiry concerning "The Alleged Messianic Consciousnessof Jesus."Even prior to all this, back in 1923, Professor Case hadbeen appointed Chairman of the Church History Depart-THE UNIVERSITY OF OHIGAGO MAGAZINEment at the University of Chicago. There followed aphenomenal decade during which the staff and curric­ulum of this department were immensely enlarged. Hiscolleagues in this enterprise were Garrison, Lyttle,McNeil, Pauck, Spinka and Sweet-probably the strongestaggregation of church historians operating together any­where in the world at that time. Through. the period ofthe Case hegemony they published altogether some twentyhistorical volumes of prime importance. Their influencein learned societies, regional and national, became veryconsiderable. In the early thirties, together with Pro­fessor William D. Schermerhorn of Garrett, ChairmanCase headed the Church History Deputation to the Orientwhich surveyed the teaching of church history in missionschools.His last half-decade of service to the University of Chi­cago was rendered as Dean of the Divinity School. Out­standing developments of this period were the mergingof the Old Testament and New Testament departmentstogether into the Biblical Field, the organization oforientation courses and comprehensive examinations andthe establishment of the merit system in the assignmentof scholarships and fellowships. In his quietly effectivemanner, the dean assumed a large role in forwarding therapid evolution of. educational theory and practice onthe University Campus. Also the amount of ,time hefound for considerate personal attention to student andfaculty needs was amazing. At the end of his concen­trated half-decade as dean, his colleagues epitomized hischief contributions to theological education and scholar­ship in a Festschrift entitled: Environmental Factors inChristian History.After becoming emeritus from Chicago in 1938, DeanCase spent happily busy years as Dean of the School ofReligion in Florida Southern College at Lakeland. Herehe continued with great agility and complete effective- 13ness his characteristic lines of operation: teaching, dean­ing, editing, researching, writing. His Christian Philos­ophy of History, published when World War II was atits worst, records the high stature..of his thought in thisperiod. From. such activity he stepped into the future onDecember 5, 1947.To his colleagues and students he left a priceless andphenomenal heritage in the form of a small library ofscholarly publications: sixteen volumes of which he wassole author and two volumes that he edited; eighty-fivemonographs in technical periodicals and thirty-five ar­ticles in dictionaries and encyclopedias; six' translationsfrom German and Italian; hundreds upon hundreds ofbook reviews; and four quarterly journals which he editedthrough a total of more than a quarter century. Likegreat guide posts, these publications indicate the steadyadvance of his New Testament and early Christianstudies along very crucial lines through four superlativelyindustrious decades.More than any other scholar of his generation, in allprobability, Shirley J ackson Case helped serious studentsto envisage the historical actualities of the life and .per­sonality of Jesus of Nazareth, and the concrete realitiesof religious experience for early Christians in the Greco­Roman world, and a specifically Christian philosophy ofGod working through men in history. His was a type ofscholarship, honest and courageous and alert .andthorough, that was never allowed to relax, but was alwayscarried vigorously forward. Undoubtedly his passingbrings down the curtain on a very definite era in thehistory of New Testament and Early Christian researchesin America. It has been aperiod of unparalled and thrill­ing scholarly productivity. In it all, Shirley Jackson Casewas a protagonist without peer.-HAROLD R. WILLOUGHBY, PH.D. '24ARCHEOLOGY AND CATASTROPHEIN JERUSALEMPeople run. homeIi ke chickensPALESTINIAN archaeology has much to do withruins and debris-the debris of ancient wars, fromthe fall of Jericho's walls to the apocalyptic destruc­tion of Herod's temple, and from the burning of Lachi.shby Nebuchadnezzar to Saladin's extinction of the dreamsof the crusaders.For the past thirty years, however, the archaelogist hasdone, his work against a background of fire and shatteringwhich makes the ancient woes of Jerusalem only toovivid. He may once have thought of broken pottery andrubble merely as things to classify and write mono­graphs about. But he has now seen modern ruins-and,what is worse, anxiety and terror on tne faces of gentleand courteous people. From today's la:test news helearns what the events of ancient history meant in termsof the breaking of human lives.Many Americans who served overseas in recent yearshave no doubt had a similar awakening. For me it isnew.The American School of Oriental Research i� locatedon Saladin Road in Jerusalem, between Herod's Gate andthe, American Colony. When you leave the building to goto the Patriarchal Library or the city's newer shoppingdistricts, you cross a vacant lot almost along the line of theThird Wall built by Herod Agrippa 1. Greenery hassprung up here since the fall �ains began, and sheep andgoats graze underneath the olive trees next to the soccerfield of St. George's.As you cross the Nablus Road, you meet a young Arabguard wearing an armband of red, white; green andblack. He recognizes you and bids you Ahlan ioa-sahlan( "Welcome"): . You pass on by the mosque" across asecond empty space, and emerge into a street.In normal times you might walk up the hill a:nd followSt. Paul's Road to Allenby Square. 'But ,.that street ispartly in a security zone and is blocked by barbed wire andtank traps, S'o you follow what is known on the mapsas Godfrey de Bouillon Street out to Sultan SuleimanRoad, which skirts the north wall of the city. Here youtu:rn right and edge over close against the barbed wireto avoid the Sheikh Jarrah bus as it comes rumbling upthe hill. This hazard surmounted, you cross the streetand continue past the New Gate into AIlenby Square; atthe intersection of the J affa Road. 'Here one can see two or three Arab shops gutted .byfire, their heavy corrugated iron shutters twisted fan- • By SHERMAN E. JOHNSON, PhD '36tastically. Two blocks away, on Julian's Way and PrincessMary Avenue, in the newest and shiniest shopping dis­trict, are Jewish stores-and also a few Arab ones-withsmashed windows.On December 13, my wife and daughter went to thePost Office and there saw flames belching out of a Jewish- furniture store. They hurried home as soon as possible,and just as they turned the corner into Godfrey de Bouil­lon Street, a huge explosion rocked the area. Clouds ofsmoke and dust arose, mothers with frightened eyes- gathered their children indoors, and passersby ran north.A bomb had been thrown from a passing taxi at theDamascus Gate- just as two Arab busses came by.After that, boys from the Rashidiya College were postedas guards. Now when we return home they inspect OUr-green passports and parcels and, with friendly grins, waveus on. The official police have to some extent abdicatedtheir responsibilities to the extra-legal Jewish and Arab or­ganizations, and seemingly concentrate on the moreserious incidents and the problem of getting convoysthrough.British �sidents must still live in zones surrounded bybarbed wire. Food COmes into the city under convoy.Water is scarce because there have been few fall rainsto fill the cisterns. Everyone seems to have enough toeat, hut food prices are high and going higher. A reallygood shirt costs two and a half pounds-more than $10at the official rate, $8.33 at that of the black market. Butyou can ride on a bus for a piastre (four cents), andoraIl:ges are cheap. Business is poor, and as one merchantsaid, when four o'clock comes and the sky darkens, allthe people run home like chickens. One or two nights aweek one's rest is broken by the sound 'Of machine gunor rifle fire. Some men have sent their families to Lebanonor to the villages. The delirious joy of the Jews, whenpartition was announced, and the sullen anger of theArabs, have both given way to a mood of dull f'Oreboding.Yet the intellectual and spiritual life of the city goeson. The opening of the Hebrew University on October 29was marked by a remarkable address by the president,Dr. Judah L. Magnes. More government schools are(Concluded on Page 23)Chicago campus knows Sherman. E. Johnson as a NewT estame.nt s,peci,a!list who took his Ph.D. in Old Testamentin :1936. Chicago also gave him hris wife. Janetta E. Henkel._,A.M. ".29. They are a great team. In intimate circles theirchi:ldren are' known as Apocrypha. Pseudepigrapha. andMishnah. Professor -Jchnsen is a member of the fa,eultyof th,e ;Episcopa;l Theological School in Cembrldqe, Mass.This 'year he is Annual Professor in the American School,of Qti,emta·1 Research in Jerusalem.14ONE MAN'S OPINIONALTHOUGH this is the middle, rather than thefirst, of the academic year, it is as good a timeas any to take a look at the University's problems,its achievements, and its direction.The immediate problem of coping with the soaringenrolment is behind the University now, for there is evi­dence that the peak has already come, or been passed.Approximately 50 per cent more full time students arenow in residence than during the average of the pre-wardecade. They have been housed, with at least minimumadequacy, but far more important, they have been giveneducation of the Chicago standard. The increase was heldto limits which did not overwhelm the University.Another problem born of the war has not been solved.The period of rising prices has been met with difficulty,and if there is yet to come a sharper inflation, the situa­tion will be critical, not alone on the Midway but for allendowed institutions. Endowment income now providesless than 30 per cent of the budget income, for neithercapital nor income can increase at the rate of risingprices. The budget has been balanced so far, by increasingtuition-which now exceeds endowment as a source of in­come-and by the automatic device of lowering the stand­ard of living of the faculty through inability to increasesalaries as living costs have gone up.Because the war tremendously increased the prestigeof science, as a result of the spectacular applications ofresearch, support for science has been forthcoming sincethe war .. There is even a definite recognition of the neces­sity of fundamental research, on the theory, in its lowestterms, that you never can tell what might prove deadlyin a wholesale way. Apart from such possibilities, scienceis 'creating an accelerating revolution which will intimatelyaffect every aspect of life. These effects are of concernboth to government and' industry and both sources areputting money into science on a scale never before ap­proached.Since the University is a great center of scientific re­search, it is getting its share of this money. Such under­takings as the three new institutes in nuclear energy areexpensive, not so much because of their staffs, but becauseof their exceptionally costly 'buildings and equipment. Inestablishing the institutes, Mr. Hutchins gambled thatthe country would provide the new money which wasrequired. The gamble seems to be won, for many of thebig industrial organizations are making fairly long termgrants for the institutes, and various agencies of the gov­ernment also are providing support.The biological sciences are sharing in this recognitionof the role of science. There has been a spectacular in­crease in the funds for the University's already big research • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22program in cancer during the past year. The impetusfor this came from Maurice Goldblatt, one of the niostremarkable donors the .University has known. Throughhis interest and activity, the University of Chicago CancerResearch Foundation was organized, and the Foundation_ demonstrated, by producing about $1,100,000 for newfacilities in a six-week campaign ending just beforeChristmas, that it could raise money. There is moneyavailable for' cancer research from sources which do notprovide facilities, and so the expansion which the Founda­tion is to provide will be adequately underwritten.This general expansion in science poses . the difficultyof keeping the University in balance. Chicago, despite itsachievements in science, has been a university and nota technical institute, because it 'has had equally flourish­ing work in the humanities and the social sciences. Butthe popularity of science, and therefore the relative easewith which money can.be found for it, increases the effortrequired to maintain the relative positions of socialsciences and humanities. As compared to the humanities,the social sciences are relatively in a better position, be­cause there is a vocational demand and because there aresome organizations willing to underwrite research in cer­tain areas. Enrolment in the division, for example, is asgrea.t as in any two other divisions, e:ven though thephysical and biological sciences are gaining. But there isthe necessity of replacing expiring grants, a matter whichwill become pressing in the near future.The present outlook of the humanities is not encourag­ing. Though the division is holding up in its enrolment,there has been a steady dwindling of students in thehumanities in all' universities during the last decade,reflecting the interests of a practical world. There areplenty of eminent spokesmen for the validity and impor­tance of the humanities in the, atomic age, but most ofthe audience disregards them. A plea for cancer researchgets results because people fear cancer; they do not gener­any fear their limitations of mind and spirit. The immedi­at future promises no era of renaissance.The strength of the University has always been in itsindependence and hence its ability to decide how it couldbest serve the country: The independence of the U ni­versity is still unimpaired, but the faint outline ,of menaceto independence can be seen. What the University needsas protection is more unrestricted money, if not in theform of endowment, at least in sources of annual replen­ishment. Independence can not be separated from main­tenance of balance throughout the whole of the Uni­versity, and balance can not be achieved without moneywhich can be applied where the faculty and administra­tion determine it is needed..15NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESAs 7,000 sCientists, from al,l over the United Statesconvened in Chicago. December 26-31 for the onehundred and fourteenth meeting of the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement of Science, the_ Uni­versity of Chicago played a major role in the success ofthe conclave.One hundred and twenty-five of the University's sci­entists were among the 2,205 presenting papers or presid­ing over 'sessions of the 65 association sections or societiesparticipating in the .holiday meeting.Two of the. scientists, Harrison S. Brown of the Institutefor Nuclear Studies and Professor Emeritus George A.Van Biesbroeck of Yerkes Observatory, were awardedtwo' of the four one-thousand dollar prizes presentedduring the week.Brown's outstandi,ng paperBrown's hypothesis that a single cosmic catastrophemillions of years ago accounts for virtually all themeteorites �hich have struck the earth, won for him thetwenty-first award of the association for the most outstand­ing paper by a young scientist.Thirty-years old, Brown, who is now an assistantprofessor of chemistry, joined the University staff in 1942as a research associate in the Metallurgical Laboratory.He came to the Institute in 1946 after serving as assistantdirector of the chemistry division of the Oak Ridgeatomic plant from 1943 to. 1946.if. R. IMoulton, administrative secre+ery of AAAS, prese.ntsHarrison S. Brown with $1,00'0 eward for noteworthy paperon outstanding contribution to science.Professor Emeritus Ge;orge A. Va·n Biesbroeck exhibits theYerkes-designed telescope used to test the ,Einstein "heory. • By JEANNETTE LOWREY"Meteorites, no matter when or where they fell,"Brown told scientists at a symposium on the origin ofthe earth, "came from a bursting planet which bearsclose family relationship to the earth."His conclusion was based on a study of 107 meteoriteswhich have fallen on the earth in the last 100 years ..,The first step in, his research was the compilation of amaster list of- meteorites from all over the world. Thechemical" analyses of many necessitated translation frornthe various languages of the world.The second step was a comparison of the meteo�itesmathematically and chemically and the deduction ofanswers from the comparisons. Ultra delicate methOds'devised primarily for atomic bomb work were used toisolate minute chemical· components of many of themeteorites."The only way to account for the observed chemicalphenomena," Brown stated, "is to deduce that all the frag�ments came from an exploding planet which had a moltencore of nickel-iron at about 3,000 degrees ceritrigradeand an internal pressure of more than 100,000 atmo­spheres."The planet was somewhere between the earth andMars in size and almost identical chemically to the earth."These recently-completed studies of meteorites may be­come the Rosetta Stone which will help answer suchproblems of science as the origin of the elements, the16THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEorigin of the solar system, and the origin and composi­tion of the earth.""Most scientists believe at present," he continued, "thatthe elements are between three and ten billion yearsold. Through the use of radioisotopes and othernuclear physical means, we hope to date the origin ofthe elements more closely and to show how much timeelapsed between the forming of the elements and the,birth of the solar system."Brown was graduated from the University of Californiain 1938 and received his doctor of philosophy degreein chemistry from JohnsHopkins University in 1942. Hisrecent book, Must Destruction Be Our Destiny?, is a pleathat the people of the United States and of the world takecollective action to halt the Armaggedon descending uponman.Van Biesbroeck tests II Einstein Shift'"For his measurements of the "Einstein shift" during theArmy Air Forces-National Geographic Society Eclipseexpedition to Brazil last May, Van Biesbroeck, ProfessorEmeritus of Practical Astronomy, was awarded the $1,000Franklin L. Burr prize.Van Biesbroeck, in a retiring vice-presidential addressat the AAAS meeting, reported that his measurementstesting the validity of the theory of relativity indicate'a value of two seconds of arc for the Einstein shift withan uncertainty of nine percent. This value is somewhatgreater than the value of 1.75 seconds of arc predicted byEinstein. 'The shift measurements were made May 20 at Boca­juva, Brazil, during a total eclipse, the only time when ashift can be observed. A twenty-foot telescope camera,built especially at Yerkes Observatory to record the lightof stars close to the sun, was used by Van Biesbroeck..The Einstein shift, one of three tests proposed in 1915for the theory of relativity, is an apparent shift in theposition of the star caused by the bending of its lightpath as the light passes near the sun on the way to theearth.Van Biesbroeck's results indicate that the shift actuallymay be somewhat greater than predioted by Einstein, onthe assumption that the gravitational field of the sun aloneis responsible for the shift.He pointed out, however, that the uncertainty of ninepercent in the results of his measurements may wellaccount for the difference between his value and thatpredicted by Einstein.The tests in May were made under difficult condi­tions. There was a comparatively poor star field duringthe eclipse, with no star nearer to the sun than threeand one half times the sun's radius. The auxiliary starfield, with which Van Biesbroeck expected to check thescale of his pho-tographs of the star field around theeclipsed sun, reflected into the telescope tube. A veryslight distortion altered the scale so that it could not beused. 17The same star field was photographed in August whenthe sun was not present to record the true positions ofthat stars in the field. A comparison of the two negativesrevealed how much the star images in the first pictureswere displaced from their actual positions, shown in thesecond picture, by the bending of their light in passingthe sun.Tests can be made again in 1955 when there will bean eclipse in the Philippines lasting five minutes.Penciled marqln notesA story Charles Colby, Chairman of the Department ofGeography, would probably like to forget was recalledrecently at a meeting of the theatrical group of theQuadrangle Club.A Chicago architect, who was a member of the group,was returning a script and apologizing for having markedit in the margin. The markings reminded him of thetime Colby, then a young assistant, returned a copy ofDickens to the owner, Walter Hill-rare book dealer wholived and the Club and loaned his books to anyone wishingto read them."This book is terribly dirty," Colby reported to Mr. Hillwhen he returned the book. "I meant to erase it. Thereare pencil marks all over it."Aghast for only a moment, Hill thundered: "I paid$2,500 for those markings. Dickens brought it to thiscountry for his lecture tour, and marked it just as yO'llsee it. You might have ruined -it."1947-N Makes Northern Hemisphere Debut1947-N, first discovered in the southern hemisphere,was sighted in the northern hemisphere first by Universityof Chicago astronomers at McDonald Observatory (op­erated jointly by the Universities of Texas and Chicago).The-comet was observed at 7:'11 p.m. December 14 inthe southern section of the sky. Photographed on thegreat 82-inch reflecting telescope, the comet was observedby Polydore Swings, noted Belgium astronomer, now Re­search Associate at Yerkes, Thornton Page, Assistant Pro­fessor of Astrophysics, and two assistants.Brighter than Venus, the comet, with a tail of one de­gree, was visible to. the naked eye just after sunset forseveral days. Then suddenly it burst.Announcement of the splitting of the comet came againfrom McDonald. Swings and Page reported that onDecember 18, 1947-N broke into two parts, each ofequal brightness about 1,000 miles apart. The division,they believed, resulted from the comet's swing toward thesun (10,000,000 miles away). Its brightness, they also re­ported, was due to its nearness to the sun.The following night they reported the distance betweenthe two. portions had spread to. 1,500 miles with the north­western component about three times the brightness ofits twin.18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHutchins, on world governmentToday's slogan must be world government is necess�ryand therefore possible, Chancellor Robert M. Hutchinsdedares.Writing on the constitutional foundation of worldI order in the current issue of Common Cause, monthly re­port of the University's Committee to Frame a WorldConstitution, Mr. Hutchins warns that the world can�otrely on the process of evolution to bring world commumtyand world government hand in hand."Before the atomic bomb, we could take world govern­ment or leave it. But a policy of postponing world gov­.ernment today means another war, and another warmeans the end of civilization."There are two propositions about the atomic bombthat are worth remembering," he reiterates, "There isno secret, There is no defense. Since there is no secret,other nations will have the bomb any day. Since there isno defense, we cannot use the bomb after our monopolyends to kill other people without being killed ourselves."If the official policy is to rely on force, there are onlytwo possibilities-use the bomb at once or create a situa­tion in which nobody can ever use it.. "The first possibility is preventive war on Russia, andif we seriously entertain this, we' ought first to make ourapologies to the Nazis we hanged at Nure�ber�,"Hutchins states. "If we are concerned to create a situationin which the bomb will not be used, we' must recognizethat international agreements for the control of atomicenergy will simply mean that the next war will end withatomic bombs instead of beginning with them. Theminute war breaks out every nation that knows howwili start making atomic bombs."The day of force as the determining factor in worldaffairs ends, the Chancellor continues, with the end ofour monopoly of the atomic bomb."The task of our generation," Hutchins declares, "isto establish peace. We cannot establish it by power orpurchase. We can establish it only by justice."In promoting justice throughout the world, we shallhave to rely largely on the power of example, We shallhave to start doing justice .at home and s�all. have tosacrifice many ancient prejudices that are very dear to us."It will cost us a good deal to have world government,it will cost us far more to have war."We are in: no present danger from Russia," Hutchinscontinues. "We are in no present danger from com­munism. The people of this country could be madecommunistic only by conquest, and probably not then."At present, we are our awn worst enemy. The presentdanger to us lies in our own hysteria and inertia."Describing the hysteria and inertia of the United'States as failure to face the facts of' life and' to doanything about them, he -writes: "We build up tre­mendous military preparations, oblivious to the fact thatwhile we have a monopoly of the atomic bomb we do not need these preparations, and when other nations havethe bomb, these preparations will do us no good."Because of our inertia, we will not recognize that OUrfirst obligation is to make our own system work until itmust command the admiration and imitation of theworld. We will not see that the atomic bomb puts allfurther talk of force out of the question and that the hopeof civilization is in world government."The Pax Romana existed before the atomic bomb,"he states. "The atomic bomb makes a Pax Americana aromantic dream. The attempt to get' a Pax Americanawill give us not one Rome, but two Carthages."Ultimately we will be required to abolish war throughworld government. We had better set about trying toget war abolished through world government now."Granting that the world wants peace and that justiceis the way to peace, we may perceive the outline of apolicy for the present and the constitutional foundation ofa world order."Man in a world order must be free," Hutchins states."He must be given the Rights of Man. He must be freefrom want as . long as he is willing to work. He must befree from the fear of tyranny, oppression and exploitation.His claims to life, liberty and the dignity of the humanbeing are inalienable. 'fire necessities of life must be thecommon property of the human race, and the manage­ment of the necessities of life by individual owners is atrusteeship which such owners hold subject to the com­mon good."World, government must be a democracy," he states,"for only democracy gives every man his due." .Minimum structural requirements of a world govern­ment, as outlined by the University of Chicago educator,include a monopoly of arms, and a federal government soas to preserve the cultural values that now exist in thestates and regions of the world. It must also be a gov­ernment which' acts directly on the individual, whereverhe may be; for otherwise it is merely a .league of sovereign,and hence ultimately warlike, states."The mi�imum moral and spiritual requirements maybe summed up in the single word justice. The advance­ment of man in spiritual excellence and physical welfareis the common goal of mankind. Universal peace is theprerequisite for the pursuit of that goal. Peace andjustice stand or fall together."Our knowledge now exceeds our capacity to use it forgood. But the solution is not to reduce our knowledgeor to half the progress of science. I t is to make our moralstamina equal to it."Among the graduatesAmong the 584 graduates were two husband-wife com­binations, the Assistant Dean of University College, a 19-year-old student receiving his second degree from theUniversity with an all-A record, .and a 22-year-oldHawaiian youth who received his doctor. of medicinedegree with Phi Beta Kappa honors.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe husband-wife combinations included Dr. and Mrs..Riohard W. Neil of San Diego and Mr. and Mrs.' HaroldL. Goldman of Chicago. Both the Goldmans receiveddoctor of law degrees. Dr. Neil received his medicinedegree, and Mrs. Neil, a master's degree in Social ServiceAdministration.Thomas Hale Hamilton, Assistant Dean of UniversityCollege, received his doctor's degree in: education.Raymond C. Sangster, 19-year-old Lyons, Kansas, resi­dent, was highest ranking of the 11 Phi Beta Kappastudents in the Convocation. He received his Collegebachelor's degree in 1946 with an A average on his eight'comprehensive examinations.He was awarded the traditional bachelor's degree aftercompleting 2 r courses with all A's_.Youngest of the medical students receiving degreeswas Dr. Richard Kekuni Blaisdell, Hawaiian student whowas also elected to Phi Beta Kappa. His parents, AssistantFire "Chief William K. Blaisdell and Mrs. Blaisdell,flew from Honolulu to see him receive his degree.Other students elected to Phi Beta Kappa included:Chicagoans Naomi Ragins, Rudolph Steinberger, Lucievan der Hoorn, Lore Weinberg, and Philip J. Wolfson;Harlan Blake, New Haven; and Marvin Goldman, Tole­do; Robert N. E. Megaw, New York City; Mary LouiseMunts, Chesterton.One hundred and eighty-nine students in the Collegeof the University received bachelor's degrees in the con­vocation. Other degrees awarded included: 108 tradi­tional bachelor's degrees, 182 master's degrees, 50 masterof business administration degrees, 13 doctor of medicinedegrees, 8 doctor ef law, and 34 doctor of philosophydegrees.McGilHvray memorial plagueA bronze tablet in memory of the late E. Wallace Mc­Gillivray, who coached swimming and water polo atthe University of Chicago from 1924 until his death last 19January, was dedicated December 6, when the Maroonsopened the 1947-48 swimming season against IllinoisInstitute of Technology.Presentation of the memorial was made by John W.Bernhardt, captain of the 1940 water polo team. J. KyleAnderson, Associate Professor of Physical Education and'27 captain of baseball, received the memorial for theUniversity.Coach of both the University of Chicago and IllinoisTech swimming squads, McGillivray coached winningor tieing Chicago teams for the conference championshipsin 1927, 30, 34, 38 and 39.An outstanding athlete in track, basketball, and swim­ming, he was one of the outstanding free-style swimmersin the country. He was national champion in thebreast stroke for three seasons, and runner-up as manyti�es. He was one of a small group of Chicago swimmerslargely responsible for the early development of theAmerican crawl stroke.He was president of the National Collegiate SwimmingCoaches Association and of the Western ConferenceSwimming Coaches. He wrote the National CollegiateAthletic Association Water Polo rules, and was anauthority on international water polo.Committee members of the McGillivray memorial in­included, in addit�on to Bernhardt, Arthur R. Bethke, '42,and Charles S. Wilson, '37. Fifty-two "C" men weredonors to the memorial.Taliaferro, Convocation speakerNew and revolutionary discoveries in science will bemissed if only the work which promises practical applica­tion is supported, Dr. William H. Taliaferro, Distin­guished Service Professor and Chairman of the Depart­ment of Bacteriology and Parasitology, warned the 584graduates in the University's largest autumn convocation.Speaking on the dangers of jeopardizing basic sciencetoday, Dr. Taliaferro stated that tremendous resourcesCoaching staff--1939Top row: Merriam, Norgren, Schneider, Wiles, Bock. Middle: Tawney,Shaughnessy, Hebert, Anderson, Metcalf. Bottom: Vorres, McGil­livray, Hoffer, Flinn.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEmust be diverted to fundamental science if the UnitedStates is to continue its new lead after the revival ofEurope's great institutions."There is -no fearfor the continuationof high grade ap­plied sciences in theuniversities. The salesappeal is self evidentfor the support ofwork which promisesto yield a better rub­ber, a method ofkeeping fats frombeing rancid, or acure for a dread dis­ease."If, however, thereis to be a sufficientTaliaferro backlog of funda-mental findings sufficient to support medical, agriculturaland technological developments, a wide variety of in­vestigations must be carried on in the workings of naturewhich at the time seem to have no possible practicalvalue," Dr. Taliaferro declared."We must find a way to support men' and not projectsalone. We must support the promising young men andthe able mature scientists without regard to what they aredoing. If government and industry were truly wise, theywould support universities without regard to subject, be-.cause no science-and least of all basic science-can existin a vacuum."Ground has been lost in the basic sciences because ofthe necessity of diverting the interest of the scientists todevelopmental work during the war," Dr. Taliaferrostated. "A large part of the generation of young scientistshas been lost through a not-too-enlightened policy oftraining in the: past few years. Many of the best basicscientists are now being enticed into industrial and gov­ernment laboratories by high salaries and ·by equipmentbeyond the means of universities."The interests of the basic scientists, who remain at theuniversities, are even being endangered .. Most grants fromcommercial companies and frequently those from thegovernment are for applied fields. Some of these areabsolutely necessary for applied fields which are legiti­mate for universities. These and others support a certainfraction of basic. work. The question now is how longthe basic scientist can accept grants for applied fieldswithout.losing the fundamental attitude." New Associate Dean of ChapelThe Rev. Wallace W. Robbins, president of MeadvilleTheological School, has been appointed Associate Deanof Rockefeller Memorial Chapel to work with the Rev.John B. Thompson, newly-appointed Dean of the Chapel,who arrived at the University the first of the year fromNorman, Oklahoma. The Rev. Elbert C. Cole will haveoharge of religious programs.Mr. Robbins will continue as President of Meadvilleand as Ellery Channing Butler Professor of Preachinp. and Ministry of the Federated Theological Faculty ofthe University.An ordained Unitarian pastor, he held pastorates atUnity Church in St. Paul, Minnesota, from 1938· to 1944,and at the First Unitarian Church in Alton, Illinois, from1934 to 1938. Mr. Robbins received his bachelor of divin­ity degree from Meadville Theological School in 1935.He ·holds a bachelor's degree and an honorary doctorof sacred theology degree from Tufts College, Medford,Massachusetts:Last summer he presented the opening address atthe European conference of liberal theologians at Berne,Switzerland. .Mr. Cole, who has been on the Chapel staff since thefall of 1946, served as a Navy chaplain three years. Hewas aboard the USS Saratoga for two years. He receivedhis bachelor of divinity degree from the University in1942 and his bachelor's degree from Central College inFayette, Missouri, in 1939. He is now working towarda doctor of philosophy degree in the divinity school.etc.Dr. Charles B. Huggins, Professor of Urology andChairman of the Committee on Cancer, was awardedthe Gold Medal of the Congress of the Societe Interna,tionale D'Urologie for his work on hormonal treatment. of cancer of the prostate Carl R. Moore, Professorand Chairman of the Department of Zoology, has beenappointed to the 15i-member national board to guide acoordinated research study of human reproduction underthe direction of the, N ational Research Council. . . . . .Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, Dean of the Division ofBiological Sciences and Chairman of the Department ofMedicine, was made president-elect of the Academy ofTropical Medicine and a member of the Board ofMedical Consultants of the Surgeon General of theNavy. ..... Dr. Henry T. Ricketts has been re-elected tothe Board of Governors of the Institute of Medicine .....NEXT MONTHHerman Finer, Professo'r of PoJ.itica:1 Science, will concludehis Gliscu.ssion of "'The Wor,ld Convulsion," begun in thisissue.Also, the story of the alumni who own the Quiz Kids andother ,rad:io shows.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21READING LISTSARE BACK·When the late GordonJ. Laing was appointedAlumni Dean in 1941 hebegan the developmentof reading lists for alum­ni. It was a service thatsoon proved to be· pop­ular with thousands ofalumni. In the two yearsfollowing, over 400 sub­jects were covered andsome 6,000 requests filled.The retirement ofDean Laing and person­nel shortages brought onby the War left the liststo gather dust-and become outdated.Last fall the Association added to its staff a Directorof Alumni Education, Leon F. Miller, one of whoseresponsibilities' has been to bring these lists up to date.Mr. Miller has worked hard to get all the subjects assignedto specialists in the various fields. Many members of thefaculty have generously agreed to prepare lists and everyfew days another list arrives at Mr. Miller's office.We are now ready to begin listing the subjects in theMAGAZINE each month .. At the moment these are large­ly in the field of education but other areas will begin toappear in future issues.We suggest that you keep these lists on file' for futurereference. Because of our program of continually enlarg­ing the series, no attempt will be made to publish an indexat present.A part of the expense of developing, mimeographing,and mailing these lists is being underwritten by yourmembership dues. Therefore, for members of the AlumniAssociation, lists will be mailed free upon request.Alumni who are not members of the Association willhelp with their share of the expense by paying the follow­ing modest price: Fifteen. cents for the first reading listand ten cents for each additional llst in the same order.Dean LaingAlumni Readi:ng ListsFree to members of the Alumni Association.Non-member alumni: 15c for first list; 10c for eachadditional list in the same order.SubjectADULT EDUCATION Prepared byCyril O. Houle, Dean, U ni­versi ty CollegeAMERICAN DEMOCRACY ... William T. Hutchinson,Chairman, Dept. of His­tory AUDIO-VISUAL INSTRUC- Stephen M. Corey, Prof.TION Educational Psychology.CAUSES OF U. S. PARTICIPA- William T. Hutchinson,.TION IN WORLD WAR 1. . Chairman, Dept. of His­toryCLIENT-CENTERED COUN-, Carl R. Rogers, Prof. ofSELIN(j' PsychologyTHE CURRICULUM IN THE Leon F. Miller, Director,PUBLIC SCHOOL Alumni EducationTHE ELEMENTARY SCI-IOOL Virgil E.· Herrick, Assoc.Prof. of EducationGREAT BOOKS OF MODERN Arranged in six courses forWORLD logical readingHow TO LEAD A DISCUS- Leon F. Miller, Director,Alumni EducationDan H. Cooper, Asst. Prof.of EducationWilliam T. Hutchinson,Chairman, Dept. of His­toryHow To GET A JOB. . . . .. Robert C. Woellner, Direc­tor of Vocational Guid-SIONPUBLIC SCHOOL ADMINIS-TRATION .SCIENCE IN A DEMOCRATICSOCIETY .ance and PlacementMENTAL TESTS Lee J. Cronbach, Asst. Prof.of EducationEDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE .. Robert C. WoeNner, Direc­tor of Vocational Guid­ance and PlacementLloyd W. Mints, Assoc.Prof. of EconomicsINFLATIONBessie Louise Pierce; Prof,of American HistoryRobert C. Woellner, Dire<:­tor of Vocational Guid­ance and PlacementSOCIAL HISTORY OF THE Bessie Louise Pierce, Prof.UNITED STATES. . . . . . . . of American HistoryVOCATIONAL GtnDANCE ... Robert C. Woeliner, Direc­tor of Vocational Guid-HISTORY OF THE UNITEDSTATES .VOCATIONAL AND INDUS­TRIAL ARTS EDUCATION ..ance and PlacementALUMNI READING LISTSThe Alumni Association5733 University AvenueChicago 37, IllinoisPlease send reading list for subject ( s) listed below. Iam a member of the Alumni Association (no charge).I enclose .... c to cover cost (15c for first list; lOc eachfor additional lists.) Send stamps or coin. .'Name .Address .••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 0' ••••••• 0, ••••••Subje_cts••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 'O •••••••••••••••••CALENDARSunday, February 1UNIVERSITY OF CHI:CAGO THEATRE-"The Tempest,"Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8:30 p.m. 50c.,UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Reverend Douglas Hor­ton, Minister of the Council of America, New York City. Rocke­feller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn Avenue.11:'00 a.m.Monday, February 2LECTURE-"The Presentation of Cases," Alex Elson, (socialservice administration). University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 7:30 p.m. $1.80.Tuesday, February 3'LECTURE-"Democracy and Technology," Yves Simon, (phil­osophy). University of Chicago Walgreen lecture. OrientalInstitute, 1155 EasL59th Street. 4:30 p.m. Free.LECTUR.E-"The Nature of Social Science," William FieldingOgburn (sociology). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and UniversityAvenue. 4:30 p.m. Free.LECTURE-HE. E. Cummings," Milton Hindus (humanities).Modern Poets series. University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 8 p.m, 75c.CONCERT-University of Chicago organ concert. Geraint Jones,staff organist of the British Broadcasting Company in Londonin a concert at Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street andWoodlawn Avenue. 8:15 p.m. Free.Wednesday, February 4LECTURE-"Chartres: Cathedral of the Universe," ClarenceWard (fine arts, Oberlin College). Oriental Institute, 1155East 58th Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c.LECTURE-"The Preparation of a Purposive Speech," Bess Son­del (speech). University College, 19 South LaSalle Street,6:30 p.m. 75c.·"LECTURE-HMeeting Competition," Joseph K. Wexman, financeexecutive. Management in Smatl Business series. UniversityCollege, 19 South Lasalle Street. 7 p.m. 75c.Thursday, February 5LECTURE-"The Nature of Social Science, cont'd," WilliamFielding Ogburn (sociology). Mandel Hall, 51th Street andUniversity Avenue. 4:3'0 p.m. Free.Friday, February 6WRESTLING MATCH-Chicago vs. West Virginia. BartlettGymnasium, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8:00 p.m.Free.Sunday, February 8UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rabbi Philip S. Bern­stein, -Temple B'rith Kodesh, Rochester, New York. Rockefel­ler Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn Avenue.H:OO a.m.Monday, February 9LECTURE-"Compulsory and Voluntary Arbitration-Here andAbroad," John A. Lapp, chairman of the Chicago Civil Liber­ties Committee and distinguished labor arbitrator. UniversityCollege, 19 South LaSalle Street. 7:30 p.m. $1.80.Tuesday, February 10LECTURE-HPsychologica'l Barriers to Industrial Peace," JacobJ. Weinstein, Rabbi and formerly public member of War La­bor Board. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 8 p.m.75c.LECTURE-HDetermination of the Prestige Value of City HallEmployment," L. D. White (public administration). MandelHall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 4:3'0 p.m. Free.CONCERT-University of Chicago concert with Isaac Stern, vio­linist. Program of Bach's Sonata in D minor; Copland's Son­ata; and Reisenstein's Prologue, Theme and Variations. Man­del Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8:30 p.m. $1.20.W,ednesday, February IILECTURE-"High Gothic in France: Amiens, Reims, and Beau­vais," Clarence Ward (fine arts, Oberlin College). OrientalInstitute, 1155 East 5'8th Street. 7:'30 p.m. 82c.LECTURE-"The Delivery of a Purposive Speech," Bess Sondel(speech). University College, 19 South Lasalle Street. 6:30p.m. ' 7·5c.,.BASKETBALL GAME-Chicago vs. Kenyon. Field House, 56thStreet and University Avenue, 8 p.m. $ LOO.LECTURE-"Forging Ahead of Competition," Joseph K. Wex­man, finance executive. University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 7 p.m. 75c. LECTURE-CONCERT -HFugue in Chamber Music," ScottGoldthwaite, lecturer. Musical illustrations played by thePro Arte Quartet of the University of Wisconsin. Program ofMozart's Adagio and Fugue, C minor; Haydn, String QuartetF minor; and Reger, String Quartet, E Flat major. KimbaliHall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. 8:15 p.m. $1.50.. Thursday, February 12LECTURE-"Interpretation of Variations in the Kinship Systemof Indians of the Southeastern United States," Fred Eggan (an­thropology). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue.4:30 p.m. Free.Friday, February 13GYMNASTICS MEET-Chicago vs. Illinois. Bartlett Gymnasium57th Street and University Avenue. 8:00 p.m. Free. 'LECTURE-HThe Nature of Man," Mortimer J. Adler (philos­ophy of law). 32 West Randolph Street. 7:30 p.m. $1.50.Saturday, February 14FENCING MEET-Chicago vs. Michigan State, 2 p.m. Chicagovs. Notre Dame, 4 p.m. Bartlett Gymnasium. 57th Street andUniversity Avenue. Free.Sunday, February 15U_NIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Chancellor Robert MHutchins, Rockefeller Memorial Chapel, 59th Street and WOOd�lawn Avenue. 1l:00 a.m.CON<?ER�-University of Chicago Orchestra concert. Schubert'sThird Symphony; Smetana's Overture to "The Kiss"; Janacek'sTwo Dances for Orchestra; and another modern work to beannounced. Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue.8:30 p.m. Free.Monday, February 16LECTURE-HArbitration Under the Taft·Hartley Law," PeterM. Kelliher, formerly War Department labor representativeand Chicago attorney. University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 7:30 p.m. .$1.80.Tuesday, February 17CONCERT -Univers!ty of Chicago concert with Roth Quartet.Program of Borodin, Quartet, D major; Bartok's Quartet No. I:and Beethoven'S Quartet, F minor. Mandel Hall, 57th Streetand University Avenue. 8:30 p.m. $1.20.LECTURE-''The Lawyer and Human Relations," Jacob J.Weinstein, Rabbi and formerly public member of the WarLabor Board. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.8 p.m. 75c.LECTURE-HInterpretation of the Variations in the. KinshipSystem of Indians of the Southeastern United States," Fred Eg.gan (anthropology). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and UniversijvAvenue. 4:30 p.m. Free.Wednesday, February 18LECTURE-"The Cathedral Architecture of England," ClarenceWard (fine arts, Oberlin College). Social Science Building1126, East 59th Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c. 'LECTURE-"Finding the Money," Joseph K. Wexman, Chicagofinance executive. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.7 p.m. 75c.Thursday, February 19LiECTURE..:..H!nterpretation of Variations in the Kinship Systemof Indians of the Southeastern United States," Fred Eggan(anthropology). Mandel Hall, 57th Street and UniversityAvenue. 4:30 p.m. Free.Friday, February 20BASKETBALL GAME-Chicago vs. Coe. Field House 56th Streetand University Aveune. 8 p.m. $1.00.WRESTLING MATCH-Chicago vs. Northwestern. Field House56th Street and University Avenue. 9:30 p.m. Free. 'Saturday, February 21WASHINGTON PR.OM-Bartlett Gym. Tex Beneke's Orchestra.Formal. 9:30·1:30. Bids, $4.00. 'SWIMMING MEET-Chicago vs. W:isconsin. Bartlett Gymna­sium, 57th Street and University Avenue. 2 p.m. Free.TRACK MEET -Chicago vs. Illinois Tech, Loyola, De Paul.Field House, 56th Street and University Avenue. 2:00 p.m.F�� .Sunday, February 22UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-President Benjamin E.Mays, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia. Rockefeller Memo­rial Chapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn Avenue. 11:00 a.m,22THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMonday, February 23LECTURE-"Evaluation of Arbitration," Owen Fairweather, Chi­cago attorney, on a management view, and Joseph M. Jacobs,labor attorney, on a labor view. University College, 19 SouthLasalle Street. 7:�O p.m. $1.80.Tuesday,' February 24LECTURE-"The Engineer and Human Relations," Jacob J.Weinstein, Rabbi and formerly public member of the WarLabor Board. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.8 p.m. 75c.LECTURE-"Experiments on Group Dynamic Factors in Learn­ing," Herbert Thelan (education). Mandel Hall, 57th Streetand University Avenue. 4:30 p.m. Free.Wednesday, February 25LECTURE-uThe Metropolitan Cathedrals of England' and theSpread of Gothic," Clarence Ward (fine arts, Oberlin College).Oriental Institute, 1155 East 58th Street. 7:30 p.m. 82c.LECTURE-"Avoiding the Sheriff," Joseph K. Wexman, Chicagofinance executive. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.7 p.m. 75c. 23LECTURE-CONCERT -"Contribution of the Dance to ChamberMusic," Leonard B. Meyer, lecturer. Musical illustrationsplayed by the Fine Arts Quartet of the American BroadcastingCompany. Program of Haydn's String Quartet, D minorCQuinten") and Janacek's String Quartet, E minor, No. 1.Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. 8:15 p.m. $1.50.Thursday, February 26LECTURE-"Experiments on Group Dynamic Factors in Learn­ing," Herbert Thelan (education). Mandel Hall, 57th Streetand University Avenue. 4:30 p.m. Free.Saturday, February 28SWIMMING MEET-Chicago vs. De Pauw. Bartlett Gymnasium,57th Street and University Avenue. 2:30 p.m. Free.GYMNASTICS MEET-Chicago vs. Michigan. Bartlett Gymna­sium, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8 p.m. Free.BASKETBALL GAME-Chicago vs. Knox. Field House, 56thStreet and University Avenue. 8:00 p.m. $1.00.Sunday, February 29UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Reverend Charles W.Gilkey, Dean Emeritus University Chapel. Rockefeller Memo­rial Chapel, 59th Street and Woodlawn Avenue. 11:00 a.m.(Continued from Page 14)being built all the time-sometimes with the help offree-will offerings from Arab citizens-and private schoolsmaintained by Jews, Christians and Moslems are packedto the doors.The Ecole Biblique et Archeologique, maintained bythe Dominicans, offers its full curriculum, and last sum­mer had a successful season of excavation under the di­rection of Pere de Vaux. The Pontifical Biblical Institutewould like to resume work at Teleilat el-Ghassul, butconsiders the time not yet propitious. Mr. D. C. Baramkiof the Palestine Department of Antiquities has just begunagain to dig at Khirbet el-Mefjer, north of Jericho, whereremarkable remains of earily Moslem architecture havebeen discovered. Th'e staff of the Museum is at presentrearranging the exhibits, and a rich wealth of materialis available for study, but plans for building a new wingto house inscriptions have unhappily had to be postponed.Professor Millar Burrows of Yale, who for severalyears has been president of the American Schools ofOriental Research, is this year acting as director of theSchool in Jerusalem. An annual professor and fourstudents are also in residence. Because of the high costof excavation, to say nothing of the disturbed state ofthe country, it has been impossible to do any excavation) but there are many opportunities for topographical study,which has been our main concern.Up to December 1 we were able to make many fieldtrips and to do much photographic work. The School hasbeen as far as Jerash on the east, Hebron, Beit Jibrin andTell es-Safi on the south, and Nablus on the north. Wenow spend most of our time in museum and library,gathering knowledge and hoping that in the spring it wi1lbe possible to travel more widely.No one in Jerusalem can guess what the comingmonths will bring forth. At certain levels it was possible,up to few weeks ago, for Arabs, J�ws, English and Amer­icans to meet on terms of friendship and mutual under­standing. For example, I attended a meeting of theMiddle East Society, presided over by Professor L. A:Meyer of the Hebrew University, at which Mr. A. L.Tibawi, Inspector of Education, read a remarkable paperon the history of Arab education. The Rotary Club andthe Y. M. C. A. have always been oases of friendship.There are many signs that the vast majority of thepeople want peace, yet they feel themselves pressed inby forces over which they have no control, and makepitiful efforts to shore up barriers against the flood ofdestruction. To see this is also to understand somethingof the woes of ancient Palestine.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE',hone: Saginaw 3202FRANK' CURRAN. -iRoof.ing & Insulatio·nLeak. RepairedFree Elfimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.Phones Oakland 0690-0691-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awn;ngs and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves; Sumps-Pumps6620 COnAGE GROVE AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREETFAI'RFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETA. 1. STEWARt LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave.410 West Ilith St. Vin 9000,Pul 0034TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 4566O"CAllAGHAN BROS.,PLUMBING CONTRACtORS21 SOUTH GRE'EN S1'.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPA'IRING A SPECl'AlTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.T .I.phone Dorchester 1579Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture .Repa.irfng1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180 NEWS OF THE CLASSES1898Frank Graves Cressey, DB, PhD'03, is reotired from the ministry and is living inGranville, Ohio.1902After forty years of service as a medicalmissionary in India, Robert H. H. Goheen,MD RUSH '05, is now on the consultativestaff of the Associated Medical Mission Of­fice in New York City.1904Edith M. Simpkin -(Mrs. Battiscombe} isliving at Vearse, 29 Drakes Avenue. Ex­mouth, Devon, England.1905John Ray Ewers, DB, has accepted thepastorate at the interdenominational Tour­ist Church in Daytona Beach, Florida. Hewas pastor of the East End ChristianChurch in Pittsburgh for thirty-seven yearspreviously.James Sheldon Riley and Mrs. Riley re­cently returned to their home in Califor­nia after a Caribbean cruise which keptthem pleasantly away from home for fiveweeks: Speaking of home, the Rileys soldtheir Los Angeles home last year and pur­chased a beautiful Spanish-type home atthe foot of the Sierra Madre mountainsin the-community by the same name. Theyhave a swimming pool, picnic and playgrounds, which encourages the frequentreturn of the children and grandchildren.SOCKEYE & HALIBUTEdward W. Allen, '05, of Seattle, Wash­ington, is Chairman of the InternationalFisheries Commission. From articles hehas written recently we have learned someinteresting incidental information aboutsalmon and halibut.The sockeye, the most delectable salmon,is spawned in fresh water, spends four yearsat sea, returns to the water where is wasborn, spawns and dies. If, in any year,these fish are blocked from entering theirhome waters to spawn, every four yearsthereafter there will be few sock eyes fromthis source. That's a worry for the Com­mission.The North Pacific Coast halibut is a fiatfish which swims upright like other fishuntil, its' left eye slowly moves over to jointhe other on the right. The halibut takesthe change stoicly and spends the rest ofits life on its left side.More serious was the halibut's journeytoward extinction-so popular a food had itbecome. Fortunately for the halibut, mendecided to kill each other, which gave theJlalibut a rest. With peace threatening andfishing fleets rebuilding :in the Pacic North­west" the Commission has a job of regula­tion.This Commission is made up of twoCanadians and two members from theStates. This is the first time in history,according to Allen, that two independent'nations have vested regulatory powers ofthe nature of this Commission, in a jointinternational body. It is not a sparringwith each other for national advantage butfor mutual benefit.Edward Allen is enthusiastic about hiswork on this Commission. He has ap·peared before our Seattle Club to tell thefascinating story of the Commission's work. ' 1907 LAW CLASS REUNIONSeven of the thirty-eight 1907 graduatesof the Law School of the University ofChicago commemorated the fortieth ,anni­versary of the class at a luncheon at theQuadrangle Club and a visit at the LawSchool December 5.Members of the €lass attending the re­union included: Arthur G. Abbott, GrandIsland, Nebraska; Claude A. Bennett, Can­ton, South Dakota; Laird Bell, partner ofBell, Boyd and Marshall, Chicago; Garfields. Canright, Continental Bank of Chicago;William H. _ Jackson, Chicago; James Mc­Keag, Federal Trade Commission, - Chicago;and Henry H. Morey, Decatur, Illinois.Harold L. Ickes, former secretary of theInterior, and Judge Robert L. Henry, judgeof the mixed court of Alexandria, Egypt,are members of the class.1907Guy R. Clement, AM, is Professor ofMathematics at the U. S. Naval AcademyAnnapolis. 'Harry Leroy Taylor, AM, has retired asRector of St. Barnabas Church in DeLandFlorida, after almost twenty five years in:cumbency, but is still teaching at StetsonUniversity, as Professor of Philosophy. Beis also serving as Grand Conimander ofKnights Templar of the State of Florida.Forbes B. Wiley, PhD'14, is finishing histhirty-eighth year on the faculty of Den],son University. He went to GranVille,Ohio in 1910 and joined the Departmentof Mathematics. A year later he was madehead of the department which position hehas held since.1910Willis A. Chamberlin, PhD, retired frolUthe chairmanship of the Department ofModern Languages at Denison Universityten year ago. He lives on his "estate" onehalf mile out of Granville, Ohio, Wherehe raises fruit: apples, peaches, cheniesetc. Dr. Chamberlin is a native of th�Granville country where he attended Deni.son as an undergraduate before going onto Harvard and abroad for study. ,He re­turned to Denison and the faculty in 1891,taking time later to come to Cb icago forhis doctorate.1912James F. Groves, PhD '15, formerly hea.]of the Botany Department at Ripon Col.lege in Ripon, Wisconsin, is now head ofthe Botany Department at the Universityof Illinois Undergraduate Division at NavyPier, Chicago.1914Lilian R. Gray, who taught English inthe Chicago school system until her recen tretirement, is spending two years in Hawaiiteaching Latin and English in an Episco­pal school for girls, St. Andrews Prioryand enjoys life on the islands. Miss Grayis the sister of William S. Gray, '13, PhD'16, of our Department of Education.Burdette P. Mast of Chicago, formerlyvice presiden t and director of Conover­Mast Publications, Inc., has been electedchairman 6f the board.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECELERY SCRUBBING TO PRESIDENTIn March, 1946, Joseph B. Hall, '21, be­came president of The Kroger Co., thirdlargest food chain in the country with over2600 stores in 18 states.It had been quite a trip from those Mid­way days when Joe was national 440-yardhurdles champion, a University Marshall,and winner of a Phi Beta Kappa key.On leaving the quadrangles, Joseph Hallbecame a bookkeeper for Morris & Com­pany, meat packers, but two years later hereturned to the real estate firm of GordonStrong & Company, where he had workedafter his high school days. He soon be­ca-me an expert in real estate appraisal,moving on to the Real Estate Departmentof the Continental-Illinois Bank.This was ideal training for the positionhe accepted in 1931 as manager of theKroger Real Estate Department at a timewhen that company was faced with theneed of renegotiating leases made in theprosperous twenties.So successful was Hall in this positionthat he became a marked man-for thetop. He learned store operations the hardway, via potato sorting, lettuce trimming,celery scrubbing and floor sweeping; be­came manager of the St. Louis branch;manager of the Eastern Division, out ofCleveland; Vice President in charge of man­ufacturing; Treasurer; and Executive VicePresident, before moving to the top, thecover of Business Week (November 9, 1946),and the pages of Life and Time as one ofthe nation's top executives.Credit for this brief story goes to TheDelta, monthly publication of Sigma Nu,who collected the facts and published aseven-page illustrated story about theirbrother Hall.1916Frederic R. Kilner, president of theFlorists' Publishing Company, Chicago,has compiled a volume entitled. "Kenil­worth-First Fifty Years" which has beenpresented to the University library. As­sisting in the task was Mrs. Kilner (Col­leen Emile Browne, '15).1917Jose M. Carino, MD Rush '18, is Mayorof the City of Baguio in the Philippinnes,and recently wrote to the University, ask­ing for photos of the campus, as they arerebuilding Baguio, destroyed in the war,and he would like to see some of thefeatures of the "City Gray" incorporatedin the reconstruction of the governmentbuildings.Joseph C. Carroll, AM '18, DB '19, whowas dean of the Central Baptist Theolo­gical Seminary in Indianapolis, has re­turned to the pastorate at the SecondBaptist Church in Lafayette, Indiana.Charles P. Dake passed through Chi­cago during the holidays on his way toCedar Rapids to attend the wedding ofhis son Norman who is a student in thelaw school at the University of Michigan.A memorial scholarship honoring thelate Jane Louise Jones, AM, Dean ofWomen at St. Lawrence University from1929-1943 has been established at that uni­versity, through the gift of an anonymousdonor.C. A. Robins, MD Rush '17, has justcompleted his first year as Governor ofIdaho, and writes that he finds it quitea change from the practice of medicine.1919David C. Graham, AM, PhD '27, is aBaptist missionary in Chengtu, West China. COUNTRY DOCTOR HONOREDAt last we have our own famous countrydoctor. Archer Chester Sudan, '22, SM '23,MD Rush '26, was doing research andteaching in Chicago following graduationfrom Rush when he determined to take afishing trip.At Kremmling, Colorado (567 people) hewas minding his own fishing business whenhe was called to minister to four childrenwith tonsilitis. It was obvious that thecommunity and country for 80 milesaround, needed a doctor. And the fishingwas good. So. Dr. Sudan forsook the bigcity and its opportunities.At its interim convention in . Cleveland,the American Medical Association mademany official decisions. Among them wasthe selection of "The Family Doctor of theYear." From 100,000 candidates it chosethe fishing doctor from Colorado.They described this family doctor as theman who delivered a thousand babies; tookcare of grandpa, father, and son; knows hispatients inside and out; and fails to col­lect twenty-five per cent of his fees.�1921Harald G. O. Holck, PhD '28, gave theSigma Xi presidential address of 1947, en­titled: Selected Aspects of a Quarter Cen­tury of Research in Physiology and Pharm­acology. He is a member of the Committeeon Physiological Testing of the AmericanPharmaceutical Association and a memberof the Committee on Graduate Study ofthe American Association of Colleges . ofPharmacy. He adds that he is hoping tomake life still more unsafe for Minnesotawalleyes and bass in August, and to main­tain a respectable standing in his whistfoursome at Lincoln, Nebraska, where heis living.1922Frederick G. Detweiler, PhD, is Headof the Department of Economics and Soci­ology at Denison University. He has beenthe Granville chairman for the AlumniFoundation since the Foundation was estab­lished in 1941.Rose Mary Fisk (Mrs. Clarkson Hill)lives in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where sheis busy as a housewife and mother ofTommy, aged 12.1923Bettin E. Stallings, LLB, regional coun­sel for the HOLe for 20 midwestern ·andwestern states, has been called to Washing­ton to take up new duties on the staff ofthe Director of Loans of the Veterans Ad­ministration.1924Seraphine S. Scribner is living in OakPark, and is working as a private secretaryin Chicago.William T. Utter, AM, PhD'29, has beenon the faculty of Denison University since1929. He is Head of the Department ofHistory. His Friday afternoon open housesat his home are popular among the mem­bers of the Denison family. Dr. Utterhas one son, Bill, a sophomore at Gran­ville.John M. Wilson is living in Chicago, andis claim adjuster with a LaSalle street firm.1925Claude C. Douglas, PhD, was the Amer­ican+delegate to the annual assembly ofthe Congressional Churches of the Hawai­ian Islands held during the Christmas holi­days. One member is invited from the 25BUSINESSCAREERSEnter the business world well prepared.Qualify for the pleasant, better-paying po­sitions that are held only by trained per­sonnel. Since 1904, young. men and womenof Chicago have increased their earningcapacity through MacCormac training.Register now for any of the followingcourses:• Typing - Accounting- Shorthand • Business Administration- Stenograph - Advertising- Comptometry - EJeecutive SecretarialDay or evening classes. G. I. Approved.Visit us.Phone or write for catalogMac CORMAC SCHOOLSLOOP57 W. Monroe St.RANdolph 8595 . SOUTH SIDE1170 E. 63rd St.BUTterfield 6363CLARK· BREWERTeachers Agency66th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices-One Fee64 E.. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis-Kansas City. Mo.Spokane-New YorkSince J885ALBERTTeachers' AgencyThe best in placement service for University.College, Secondary and Elementary. Nation­wide patronage. Call or write us at2S E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. J'ACKSON BOmEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau ot Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.ANIMA.L CAGESofAdvanced Scientific DesignACME SHEET METAL WORKS1121 East 55th St.Chicago U, III.Phone: Hyde Park 9500GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting-Decorating-Wood Finish.ing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3,18626 THE UNIVERSITY O.F CHICAGO MAGAZINETREMONT'AUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTH:NEW CARS6040 Cottag,e GroveMid. 4200AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andCompl,ete Au,tomobile Repa';r.Body. Paint,. Simoinize. Washand Greasin,g DepartmentsWA'NT:')TO EXRN19:000' �A .YEAll?) I IIIiEA career in life insuranceselling can be both profitableand satisfying . . . with yourincome limited only by yourown efforts. Many of our rep­resentatives earn $4,000 to$9,000 a year, and more! Weinvite you. to send for ourscientific Aptitude Test, whichmeasures your qualificationsfor this interesting work.After taking the test, you'llheal" from our manager in ornear your community. If youqualify" he'll explain our3-year on-tile-job trainingcourse, with a special com­pensation plan to' help youbecome established. Afterthat, the Mutual LifetimePlan offers liberal commis­sions, and substantial retire­ment income at 65. Mail thecoupon today!IH1E M;.UTUAL LIFEINSURANCE: COMP'ANY of NEW 'YORK34 Nassau Street _ Alexander E. PattersonNew York 5. N. Y.· 'PresidentFIRST IN AMERICAP:tEASE SEND APT�TUDE TESTNAM.� � ___ADDRESS,� _'CITy 1102 I states each year to serve in an advisorycapacity. Dr. Douglas teaches Bible atthe University of Southern California.Hardy Liston, AM'28, after serving fouryears as Executive Vice President of John­son C. Smith University, Charlotte, NorthCarolina, became president of that insti­tution on July 1, 1947. His official in­auguration was October 20, 1947.. Emma C. Paulsen, retired from teachingin the Chicago Public Schools, has turnedher avocation into' a vocation, and is re­viewing books and plays. She is now liv­ing in Los Angeles, and keeps busy withher reviewing about Los Angeles and incities up and down the coast.1926Mary A. Hulbert is, a child guidanceworker with the Oakland Public Schoolsand is Iiving in Berkeley, California.Harold H. Titus, PhD, who. did his un­dergraduate work at Acadia in Nova Scotiaand his graduate work at Colgate and Chi­cago, is Head of the Department of Phil­osophy at Denison University, where hewent in 1928 from Jewell College.1927Edith M. Fisher, AM, is teaching religionin the public. schools of Wilmington, Cali­fornia, working under the WilmingtonCouncil of Churches.1929Harry G. Guthmann, PhD, was elected tothe Board of Trustees of the Teachers In­surance and Annuity Association of Amer­ica, a company founded in 1918 and en­dowed by the Carnegie Foundation to is­sue life insurance and annuity contractson a legal reserve but non-profit basis toUniversity employees. Trustees are electedby ballot of policy-holders. He is livingin Evanston, Illinois. Mrs. Guthmann isthe former Bernice J. Montgomery, '15.Katharine C. Halsey has been made di­rector of religious education at the St.Paul Methodist Church in Chicago.Helen Ruth Huber (Mrs. William Blair)of Gary, Indiana, is working on an artmanual for Ohio rural schools, according toour scouts.. Jeannette C. Hulbert has left her workat Pfeiffer Junior College in Misenheimer,North Carolina, to go to Ewha Universityin Seoul, Korea.Daniel A. McGregor,' PhD, has resignedas Executive Secretary of the Departmentof Christian Education of the NationalCouncil of the Protestant Episcopal Churchin order to take an appoinement as Pro­fessor of Theology in the University ofthe South, Sewanee, Tennessee.Carl Andrew Nissen, AM, has been ap­pointed Assistant Professor of Sociology atOhio State University.1930H. Conrad Blackwell has been appointedAssociate Professor of Bible in MadisonCollege, in addition to his duties as pas­tor of the Harrisonburg, Virgina, MethodistChurch.John A. Lund, MD, is Senior MedicalOfficer at the Naval Supply Depot, Clear­field, Utah.John C. Mayne, AM, recently receivedrecognition in the St. Louis Star-T'imes forhis work as. director of- social relations ofthe Missouri: Council of Churches in Jef­ferson City, Missouri.Daniel I. McCain is an attorney and in­vestigator for the Chicago Crime Commis­sion. Loretta M. Miller, AM '38, in addition toteaching college courses is doing consider_able field work with teachers and in parenteducation. She is a faculty member atCentral Washington College of Educationin Ellensburgh, Washington.D. Winton Thomas is now Regius Pro­fessor of Hebrew in the University ofCambridge, England.Harold H. Tucker, PhD, formerly Di .rector of Research for the John B. Stet­son Company, has established his OWnbusiness as a Research Consultant in thehat, fur, and related fields. He has justmoved with his family from Philadelphiato their new home at 14 Chesterfield RoadScarsdale, New York. His wife was th�former Dorothy W. Hardt, '26. They havetwo daughters: Gale, aged 12, and Marcia,aged 10.1931Leonard G. Gesas, JD '32, is an execu.tive assistant with Independent Artists_R.K.O. Studios in Hollywood.William H. B. Gordon is director of asettlement house, The Gleiss MemorialCenter, in Detroit, Michigan.Major Harold G. Van Schaick is sta­tioned in Lubbock, Texas, with the' U. s.Army Recruiting Station.Arthur J. Vorwald, PhD, MD '32, hasbeen appointed Director of Research withthe Edward L. Trudeau Foundation at7 Church Street, Saranac Lake, New York.1932Gilbert W. Bannerman, AM, superin.tendent of schools in Wausau, Wisconsinwas elected president of the Wisconsin Edu�cation Organization in November.Harold A. Bosley, DB, PhD '33, is thenewly appointed Dean of the DivintySchool of Duke University, Durham, NorthCarolina.Burton B. Lifshultz is a foreign serViceofficer with the State Department.Julia M. Lundstrom, MD .(Mrs. JohnF. Wixted) is an ophthalmalogist withoffices in Mishawaka, Indiana.1933Margery Dell Pike, AM, is teaching his­tory at Ceneral High School in Tulsa,Oklahoma.Frank G. Ward, PhD, is a civilian en.gineer with the U. S. Army Okinawa En­gineer District.1934Leonard LeRoy Clifton, AM, is Dean ofMethodist University in Oklahoma City,Oklahoma. •Harold G. Murphy, MBA'37, marketresearch analyst is a member of the reosearch department of Needham, Louis &Brorby, Chicago advertising agency. Mr.Murphy was formerly with the FederalHousing Administration in Washington.William Alvin Pitcher, DB'39, has a fullreligious schedule at. Denison University.In addition to his teaching, as ASSOciateProfessor of Religion, he is doing counsel.ing, is in charge of Sunday services and theSunday activities that come under thehead "Denisunday," and looking afterthe family, which includes Bettsy, 4; Hugh,6; and Chuck, 9. Mrs. Painter was EmmaHickman, '37.Paul C. Smith is assistant sales man.ager with Glasco Products Company inNew York City.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27THE GREAT DESTROYERAnyone with youngsters should get a lotof fun out of the following Christmas let­ter fro1)"t Dexter Fairbank, '35. Dex. is backin the swing of his old Maroon column daysand this letter brought many chuckles whenwe read it at our office Christmas party.Living on Mt. Tabor in .our high schooldays, we. remember looking across the Wil­lamette River at the homes on "TheHeights" and wondering if we could everafford. to live there. So we question Dex­ter's reference to "the slums of PortlandHeights." Otherwise, the letter sounds legi-imate, don't you think? HWMThis has been an eventful year for theFairbanks. It began with Little Dexter allbut drowning in the river the first weekand eating six benzidrene tablets the next.It saw Mar] have three successive unsuc­cessful permanent waves. It saw us sellour house in Neskowin, move to Phila­delphia-buy a house-move in-decide thatthere was no place like Oregon and moveback.We now live in a fine white house with asleeping porch upstairs and a twelve manbob-sled in the basement. It is locatedin the slums of Portland Heights, on astreet so cluttered with kiddie cars, wagons,bikes and doll buggies that few cars dareto venture down. We are very pleased withour new house and it will take more thanwild horses to pull us out. Anyway, ourfurniture- can't stand another move.But now let us get on to personalities.I am pleased to .report that Esther is stillwith us and as beautiful as ever, despitethe fact that she has presented us. with twolitters of kittens during the last six months,a record I challenge you other girls toequal. For a country girl, just moved intotown, she's getting along very well. Sheseems to have several gentlemen cat ac­quaintanoes and I gather gives them all apretty good time. It grieves me to report,however, that there is talk that the oldgirl is once again on the nest.Dexter III, sometimes known as "TheGreat Destroyer" is still charged with anever-ending stream of energy. He sleepshard and eats a lot. He knows no physicalpain but his' feelings can be hurt by lookor gesture, 1:Vhat he needs is about twosemesters in a good military nurseryschool. He is now three. His great loveis puffed wheat. His hobbies are trucksand sticking screw-drivers into base plugs.His pet hate is getting his hair cut. Marjrefuses to take him again. I'll try it oncemore-after that we'll just buy him a vio­lin. He is at last house broken and hisaim is far better than that of some collegegraduates who have used om facilities. Atplay in the neighborhood he is carrying ona bloody feud with a gang of big kids, fiveyears old, who live lip the street, and sohis best friends are two dogs Who visitquite regularly.Lucy has learned to read and write, aftera fashion. She's a second grader and isconstan tl y on the alert for things to tellabout at Telling Time in school. What in­timate happenings at our house are relatedto the entire wide- eyed class I know not,but I do know that our dinner is oft timeselectrified by spicy tales of the doings ofother second grade families. Lucy, follow­ing her sister's footsteps, has accepted theveil from the Blue Birds by joining the Chipmunk Chapter. Their group at themoment is busy with organizational mat­ters and leaving, articles of clothing at eachothers' homes, but soon I expect she willknow how to make a May basket out of anorange skin, candle sticks from whiskybottles and those other useful things thatfor years have kept the Blue Bird girlsleaders in their field. Lucy is still ex­tremely slender ("skinny" is such an uglyword). She eats little-her greatest nour­ishment comes from bubble gum and anoccasional marshmallow. She is a, greatcatalytic agent for trouble, but a sweet faceand a beguiling smile keep her bottomfrom getting very red.Molly, now ten and in fifth grade, is find­ing the rest of us rather old-fashioned, butshe can always turn to the radio and wrapherself in a good soap opera. Her love ofhorses continues unchecked. The smell of. a barn holds more appeal than ChanelNumbers 4, 5, 6 and 8. In the spring shewas active in the 4-H Club. She won thirdprize at tthe Tillamook County Fair forsewing and a dollar prize for somethingelse that was never quite clear. Molly andI took a trip to Chicago this spring andbecause I made such a mess of her braids,they are now a thing of the past. Thisfall she achieved the goal for which we allstrive-she was tapped by the local CampFire group. Heir Indian name is "Hacaho"which means, in case you don't know,"Handcraft, cats and horses"-and thatpretty much means-Molly. .Many people are interested in what Marjis doing. I can only touch on the highpoints here, but write in fur the supple­men if you want the whole story. You'llrecall that last year she was the 4·H Clubleader. This year she founded the .BlueBell Chapter of the Neskowin Blue Birds,and is I}ow the leader of the TowankaCamp Fire group. "Wohelo, to you!" shesays and she looks breath-taking in herNEW LOOK Indian ·Ceremonial gownwith long-'beaded skirt and doeskin jacket.She is also active in the local Mills Club.This work calls for a lot of phoning tofind out what to wear to the next meeting.Her biggest problem at the moment is get­ting a new sink for the kitchen. The pres­ent one was built for a short midget andtherefore has its drawbacks. The projectedone will be tlile envy of all.As for me, I find that the desire to sitdown holds ever increasing pleasures, bu tI did manage to rake a leaf or two· thisfall and split a bit of wood, In our newhouse the lawn area is small and the ter­rain flat-so my biggest problem is clean­ing the goldfish pond. My bread winningactivities are now allied with the RalphAngell Lumber Corp. We sell lumber andwe buy lumber and we go out to lunch.It is a fine life and I know of no bettergroup than lumbermen.LEIGH1SGROCERY and MARKET1327 E\l!Id 57·f·h StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVER Real Estate and Insurance1500 East 51th Street H,de Park 2525A Su,nclaeTreat lorAnv:Day!SW'IFT'S ICE CREAMSundaesand sodas are extra goodmade with Swiff s Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy - smooth, soPHILCO R. C. A. CROSLEYMOTOROLA G. E. FARNSWORTHRADIO SERVICERECORDS REFRIGERATORSWASHERS RANGESSPORTING GOODSIII ER�J1IAI/\J/�'i935 EAST 55th STREETAt Ingleside AvenueTelephone Hyde Park 6200Robert Gaertner, '34 Julian Tishler. '3328 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSWentworth 4422T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.ECONOMY SHEET. MUAl WDiRKSEstablished in 1922Cornices, Skylights, Guf+ers, Downspouts,Boiler Breechinqs, Smoke Stacks, Furnacesand RoofingE. C. DeichmanBuckingham 1893 1927 Melrose StreetChicago, IllinoisSUP'ERFLUOUS HAIRREMOViED FOREVERMu'ltiple 20 platinum needles cen be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eye­brows, back of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALF,EELECTROUS EXPERT20 years' experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705. Stevens ,Building17 N. State StreetT elephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATIONSTENOTYPY, Learn new, speedy machine .. horthand. Le .., effort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue,Also other ,courses: . Typing, Bookkeeping,< Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,writ' or phon, for !lata.Bryant� Strau. onCO�EGE18 S. Mlchilgan Ave. T.I. Randolph 1575Albert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone State 8951 1935Harold M. Barnes, Jr., is serving withthe Philosophy and Humanities Section ofUNESCO at 19 Avenue Kleber in Paris.Marvin H. Harper, PhD, is teaching atLeonard Theological College in jubbul­pore, Indiana.Vernon D. Keeler, PhD, formerly Pro­fessor of Management at both U.S.C. andU.C.L.A., and now a practicing authorityin human relations and management, waspresented with the Regional Coordinationaward by the National Society for Ad­vancement of Management. This awardis given annually by the Society for themost outstanding contribution in the .de­velopment of an appreciation for and in­interest in better management techniques,policies and methods in any of the 16 re­gions of the U. S.Wilmot C. Palmer, Jr., is head of costand price control in the Finance Depart­ment of Abbott Laboratories Export Corp­oration in Chicago.Conrad E. Ronneberg, PhD, is Chair­man of the Department of Chemistry atDenison University. He served overseasin the Chemical Warfare Division of theArmy during the War and was lieutenantcolonel when he returned to civilian life.Jack Segal, MD, is Chief of General Sur­gery at McCormack General Hospital, Pasa­dena, California, serving with the rank ofLieutenant Colonel.Albert Parry, PhD '38, is Associate Pro­fessor of Russian Civilization and Languageat Colgate University in Hamilton, NewYork.1936Joseph E. Killough, AM, is assistant tothe president of Na-tional Bulk Carriers,Inc., of New York City.Lawrence N. Morscher,. Jr., PhD, is aphysicist with the Naval Ordnance Labo­ratory, Naval GUll" Factory in Washington,and is living in Arlmgton, Virginia.1937Marie Adams has returned to the Meth­odist Mission in Peiping, China.Kenneth C. Bechtel, PhD, is AssociateProfessor of Sociology and Psychology atMcPherson College in McPherson, Kansas.W. W. Haggard, PhD, has been Presi­dent of Western Washington College ofEducation since 1939.G. Austin Heuver resigned as pastor ofthe First Presbyterian Church in Pana,Illinois, last July to become assistant pas­tor in the First Presbyterian Church inEast St. Louis, Illinois.Charles Nimms, PhD, and wife re­turned to Chicago House, Luxor, Egypt,. with the Oriental Institute party in Octo­ber. They had to fly from Cairo to Luxor.All trains had been stopped because ofcholera. His Christmas letter' indicatedthat everything was running smoothly.Charles does photographic work for theexpedition.Robert U. Shallenberger is in the insur­ance business in Boston, and is living inWellesley, Massachusetts.1938Elizabeth Barden (Mrs. Blair D. Mor­risey) is living in Toronto. Her husband,who is with the U. S. Steel Export Com­pany was transferred there a year ago.She writes that Toronto reminds her ofChicago, with its· university, plus the loca­tion of the lake. Henry Mick, AM, has been appoin tedto the Board of. Colleges and SecondarySchools of the United Church of Canada.Bernard S. Moss is now associated withhis brothers in the automobile a<;cessoryand household appliance business at theChicago Tire and Supply Company, 2700South Michigan Avenue in Chicago.James J. Murray, SM, is a physicist withthe Naval Research Office in Chicago,Illinois.Benjamin D. Paul, PhD '42, is an an­thropologist on the Harvard Universityfaculty, and is living in Somerville, Mass.Robert W. Reid, MD '41, is serving asLieutenant Commander with the U. S.Navy, and is stationed at Georgetown Uni­versity Hospital in Washington, D. C.John B. Rowe, MD '39, Was dischargedfrom the Navy with the rank of Comman_der in October, and is now at Hurley Hos­pital in Flint, Michigan.Dr. Zelda Teplitz, (Mrs. I. R. Sonenthal)announces the opening of her new officeat 612 North Michigan Avenue, Withpractice limi ted to Psychiatry.1939Major George A. Fogg is adviser to theWelfare Director, South Korea InterimGovernmen t.Richard A. Forney, MD, is a surgeonwith the Mayo Clinic at Rochester, Min­nesota.Jack R. Green, MBA '40, is an analystwith Spiegel, Inc., in Chicago.. George J. Rotariv, SM '40, is an Instruc_tor in the Physical Sciences of the Collegeat U. of C.Kenneth P. Sanow, AM '46, of Chicagois employed. as Chief Advisor in the �ro­vincial Bureau of Banking and Taxation,Korea. He reports the work interesting andoffering numerous experiences in economictheory and practices.1940David E. Parker is an attorney with of­fices at 210 South Adams Street in PeoriaIllinois. 'Clara L. Stepp, AM, is Guidance Direc­tor and Counselor. at Paragould HighSchool, Paragould, Arkansas.Robert E. Joranson, MD '44, has been aresident in internal medicine at Preshv,terian Hospital in Chicago following hisrelease from the Navy. Mrs. Joranson(Virginia Johnson, '39) is working at Swiftand Company.James T. Merrin, Jr., AM, is a memberof the faculty in the Department of Englishat the University of California at Los An­geles.Orrin E. Klapp, AM, is on the sociologystaff of Carleton College, Northfield, Minne­sota.1941Carl W. Poch, MBA, is a public accouru,ant with the firm of Arthur Andersen andCompany in Chicago.Margaret Wiesender, AM, is in Europeworking with the International RefugeeOrganization, Team 1066.Sophy Hess, SM '41, who has her M.D.from the Woman's Medical. College ofPennsylvania, is practicing medicine inPhiladelphia.Blake S. Talbot, MD, is a LieutenantCommander in the Navy. He is at presenttaking advantage of a Navy Fellowship inUrology at Barnes Hospital, St. Louis.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE�e�vin T '. Tracht, Purchasing Agent forIllinois Institute : of Technology in Chi­cago, was married a year ago and is livingin the Indiana Dunes.Milton H. Weiss is a Captain with theShimane Military Government Team, APO317. With his MAGAZINE renewal he en­closed a clipping . from the local papertelling how the Captain secured a dog forhis son's third birthday. Although wecan't read Japanese, the story is illustratedwith the son on a tricycle with the dogat his side so we assume the charactersdown the side of the picture tell the story.1942Louise Galst, AM'44 (Mrs. S. L. Wechs­ler) is second vice preseident of theGary, Indiana teachers' union A. F. of T.,Local No.4.Paul B. Johnson is a member of thehistory department faculty at Denison Uni­versity in Granville, Ohio.Beth Muller, A.M, '42, claims to be usingher two years of graduate work to goodeffect as a member of the staff of theUnited States Children's Bureau workingout of Chicago.Agapita Murillo, AM '43, is Chief ofthe Division of Relief and Welfare Serv­ices of the Philippine Relief and Rehabili:tation Administration.William T. Nelson has taken a leavefrom the Phillips Petroleum Company fora position as Research Assistant in theFluorine Laboratories of the PennsylvaniaState College. •Gerald M. Porter, AM, married to aNorthwestern girl, is Executive Secretaryof the Denver Public Health Council.Raymond W. T. Pracht, AM "47, hasbeen appointed Third Secretary and ViceConsul to the United States Legation atHelsinki, Finland.Eugene S. Prybylski, AM, is a socialworker with the Veterans Administrationwith headquarters at South Bend, Indiana.Rosamond Rathbone, MBA (Mrs. J. H.Demman), teaches shorthand, transcriptions,and sponsors the yearbook at West HighSchool in Salt Lake City. She is also activein the A.A.U.W.Randall C. Ruechelle, AM '44, is In­structor in Speech and English at MichiganState College .in East Lansing.William H. Russell, AM '47, is startingthe fall as Instructor in Social Science atWilson Branch, Chicago City Junior Col­lege.Mary E. Runyan, AM '45, is Director ofthe Michigan State College Y.W.C.A. Shealso teaches courses in religion at theCollege.1943Frank Albright, who did graduate workat the University in the early forties, andwho has served as our Gary Foundationchairman, is with the Gary Board of Edu­cation as supervisor of the junior and se­nior high schools.George C. Beattie, MD, is stationed atthe U. S. Naval Hospital, St. Albans, NewYork, where he is Lieutenant in the NavalMedical Corps. He was married lastMarch to N aney Fant.Hilvie E. Benson is student counsellorwith the John Evans Center at Northwest­ern University.Charles FolIo, AM-, has taken a positionas Supervisor of the Upper Peninsula Of:fice of the Extension Service of the Uni­versity of Michigan at Escanaba. THE HUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY,25 East Jackson, Chicago 4, Illinois, isusing this space to remind college andhigh school teachers and administratorsof its dignified, professional, "efficientservice. It invites correspondence.KOFU, JAPANJacob Van Staaveren, AM'43, is Chief ofthe Civil Information and Education Divi­sion of the Yamanashi Military Govern­ment Team in Kofu, Japan.In addition to supervising and buildingup the democratic school systems, this or­ganization encourages democratic tenden­cies among the adults, including P.T.A.swomen's and professional clubs.Although Chief Van Staaveren feels. thatdemocracy in Japan will only become per­manent if the nation is supervised- for agood many years, there is a sincere attempton the part of vast numbers of Japaneseto learn the democratic process. There isalso a burning curiosity about how it worksin America. The freedom of women inthe states never ceases to fascinate thewomen of Japan, e. go, at a woman's clubmeeting this question was asked: "Explainhow American women waste their time."After watching this experiment for morethan a year, Jacob Van Staaveren muses: "Itremains to be seen how essential it is tohave a national heritage of literature andpolitical philosophy wherein such con­cepts reside in order to develop an effec-tive democratic way of life.."Or perhaps it is possible that a periodof one or two generations under favorableCircumstances is sufficient to transform a-nation toward a way of life commensur­ate with democratic. concepts and that areservoir of democratic ideological historyis not nearly as essential as we have tradi­tionally been led to believe."Our work here is cause to reflect on ourAmerican way of life and stimulates us tospeculate whether our democratic way ofme isn't, after all, an accommodationwhich we have accepted more or less un­thinkingly."On this problem, Japan may yet proveto be the most unique laboratory for thestudy of the impact of ideas upon history."After one year of work with the Japan­ese I would venture to conclude that, thusfar, such democratic behavior as has beenevident in most instances. constitutes. a car­bon -copy of democracy rather than a trueappreciation "of the democratic way oflife."RES U' LT-S •••depend on. geUing the det.ails RIGHT'PRINTINGImprinting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing - Fold'ing - MailingA Complete Service: lor Direct· AdvertisersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, Ill.(Wabash 4561) 29LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE ,SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR FREE ESTIMATE•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISPhone BUTterfield 6711 -DAVID L. SUTTON, Pres.Telephone Haymarket 3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh :Fruits ami VegetablesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN :FRESH FRUITS AND,VEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketLA TOURAINECoffee and 'TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave •• ChicagoOther PlantsBoston - N.Y. - Phil. - Syracuse - Cleveland"You Might As WeI' Have The Best"The Best Place to Eat on the South Sid.I·COLONIAL REST AUiRANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE30E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph-Offset-Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182W. B. CONK,EY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA��ad�'P� ad �Uede'USALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKCLARKE,·McELRO:YPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printin, 01 All Descriptions"AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo Engrave,.Artists - Electrotyp;r.Maker. of Prlntlno Plate.429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. Monroe 7515POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooYea TypewrltlallMultlgraphlnoAddn660graph 8eryl._Hla.h_st Quality 8eni0lAll Phones.Harrison 811i8 M ImeograuhlnlAddre",lngMalllAgMlnl.mum Prices418 So. Mar�et St.ChicagoAjax Waste Paper Co.2600 .. 2634 W. Taylor St.lJ·uyers: of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Meta] and IronF'o.r Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedro., Van Buren 0230 Bette Hinkel has recently returned fromtwo years in the Pacific Islands and Japanwhere she served with the Red Cross, andis living in Brookfield; Illinois.Edgar W. Nelson is managment consult­ant with the firm of Booz, Allen andHamilton in Chicago.William E. Reynolds, MD, is a Captainon active duty with the Army at Ancon,Canal Zone.Clifton G. York, MD, is living in LakeCity, Florida, where he is practicing.1944Mildred T. Faris, AM, is teaching in theSchool of Social Work at the University ofOklahoma at N orman.Evan W. Robinson is living in Birming­ham, Alabama, where he is studying at theBirmingham Conservatory of Music.1945Donald D '. Boyer is an instructor in Bi­ology at Union College, Schenetady, NewYork.Joan Holland, MBA, is librarian with theFederal Reserve Bank, and is living inMaywood, Illinois.Charles P. Schwartz, Jr., was visiting onthe quadrangles during the holidays. Heis attending the Harvard Law School aftergetting his bachelor's degree from Chicagounder the new College plan. So far sogood, he reports.Dorothy F. H. Veague is teaching inDayton, Ohio. In August, 1946, she wasmarried to Howard Schoch,Harriet Talmage is Assistant Principalof the Barron County Normal School atRice Lake, Wisconsin.Kathleen Taylor is a medical techniciandoing research on coronary heart diseaseat Cornell Medical College, New YorkHospital.'Mr. and Mrs. Paul Merrill (iPatricia Vogt)own an Indian trading post near Gallup,New Mexico. Their daughter, Judy, wasborn February 21, 1947.Frederick Wezeman has resigned hisposition with the Chicago office, LibraryDivision, Veterans Administration and hasaccepted the position of head librarian ofthe public library at Racine,' Wisconsin.1946Harold Edward Donohue and his wife,Sylvia Slade, '45, completed a 15,OOO-milehoneymoon trip in the fall of 1947. Theytraveled in their Nash, which has a "roll­away" bed in the trunk. Their route ledthrough the Smokies,' past the TennesseeT.V.A., California, the Rockies, Black Hills,and Great Lakes regions. They ·have nowreturned to New England. 'J. Benjamin Beyrer, AM, has moved toTallahassee, Florida, where he is AssistantProfessor of Social Work at Florida StateI University.Esther W. Currie, AM, is Instructor inEnglish at the University of Wisconsin.Alfred L. Elliott, AM, is Director of Rec­reation in Berwyn, Illinois.Thekla James, AM, has joined the Englishfaculty of the Extension Division of theUniversity of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.Evan H. Kelley, AM, is Principal of theJ. D. Pierce Laboratory Schools at Mar­quette, Michigan, and Assistant Professorat State Teachers College.Mary E. Klotz, MBA, a specialist in res­taurant administration, is with Ireland'sRestaurant in Portland, Oregon. 1947Anita Arrow, AM, is employed as aneconomic analyst with Standard Oil Com­pany, is teaching Economics at HunterCollege in the evening session and tak­ing a graduate course at Columbia Uni­versity. She is living at 749 West EndAvenue, New York City.Martha C. McCain, AM, is a radio actress,and is serving as understudy to DorisDowling in the play "All Gaul is Di­vided."Robert Mills, AM, has been named theExecutive Director of Ner Tamid Syna­gogue in Chicago.Erwin J. Mooney, Jr., is an Instructor inEnglish at Allegheny College, Meadville,Pennsylvania.Lil!ian Peters, SM, is working with theTopographic Branch of the War Depart­ment G-2 in Washington as a Geographer.Marvin S. Pittman, SM, is employed asgeographer with the Transportation andForeign Trade Offices of the Toledo Cham­ber of Commerce.William R. Rosegrant, AM, is on thefaculty at Oklahoma A & M College atStillwater in the Humanities Department.David Roth, AM, has taken a caseworkposition in the Foster Home Department ofthe Jewish Child Care Association of NewYork.George P. Rusteika is teaching Grade 8at the Russell Elementary School in Hay­. ward, California.Lucile M. Smiderski, AM, is a researchworker with the Chicago Crime Commis­sion in Chicago.Raymond D. Thomas, MBA, is a statis­tician in export sales with the StudebakerExport Corporation in South Bend, Ind],ana.Mrs. Shirley Werthamer, AM, who hasbeen with the Regional Plan Associationof New York City, has returned to Chi­cago. with her husband while he attendsChicago Medical School. They are livingat 4300 Drexel Boulevard.SOCIAL SERVrCEGertha Anthony, AM '47, has accepteda position as case worker with the UnitedCharities of Chicago. .Shirley Baskin, AM '47, is now workingin the Children's Division of the ChicagoWelfare Department.Jules Berman, AM '37, has been ap.pointed Legislative Consultant with theBureau of Public Assistance Social Se.curity Administration in Washington.Henrietta Bisbee, AM '45, is PsychiatricSocial Worker with the California De­partment of Mental Hygiene in Sacra­mento.Shirley Baum, AM '47, has been ap,pointed Probation Officer with the JuvenileCourt in Washington, D. C.John Chamow, AM '36, has recently lefthis position in the State Department towork with the United Nations Interna­tional Children's Emergency Fund.Katharin Den Bleyker, AM '47, has taken.a position as Medical Social Worker inthe University of Chicago Clinics.Lydia Eicher, AM '45, is Medical SocialConsultant in the State Department ofPublic Health in Carson City, Nevada.Gladys Harwood, AM '47, has accepteda position with the Florida Children'sHome Society in Miami, Florida.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering; Graceful living to Uni­versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePlaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Directorq;gteUl��'1ICrll'CA' SUPPLY CO.Distributors. Manufacturers and Jobbers 01ELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - En'glewood 7500BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUAUFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave .• ChicagoBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 53803 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince 19201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTY.' We call/orand deliverMidway g�g�3 ·HOUR SERVICE Aileen Jackson, AM '47, is teachingsupervisor in the Medical Social ServiceDepartment in the New Haven Hospital,New Haven, Connecticut.Richard Jung, AM '47, is Probation Of­ficer in the County Juvenilue Departmentof Sheboygan, Wisconsin.Marcia McFarland, AM '46, has been ap­pointed Chief Social Worker in the Vet­erans Administration Office in Sacramento,California.Helen Montgomery, AM '38, has recentlybeen appointed Field Representative,Southern Region, Family Service Associa­tion of America in New York City.Jean Rapien, AM '46, has accepted .aposition as Case Worker in the- JewishFamily and Community Service in Chicago.David Roth, AM '47, is Case 'Workerwith the Jewish Child Care Association inNew York .. Richard Stare, AM '41, is working withthe Children's Village in Dobbs Ferry,New York.Hubert Wax, AM '47, has been madePsychiatric Social Worker in the MentalHygiene Clinic in the . Colorado Psycho­pathic Hospital in Denver.Miriam Williams, AM '47, has accepteda position as Case Worker with the JewishFamily and Community Service of Chicago.Kermit Wiltse, AM '40, is an instructorin the University of North Dakota, atGrand Forks.Ruth Dorothy White, '28, who for manyyears was the efficient and pleasant Super­visor of Hutchinson Commons and' theCoffee Shop, was married to Hugh FredEngler on November 25, 1947. They areliving at 15027 Detroit Avenue, Cleveland.Ohio. Miss White left the Commons De­partment to open her own dining' estab­lishment on a main highway out of To­ledo, Ohio. She cleverly converted a fa­mous home into what she called TheWhite House and was serving top clientelewhen the War made food operations diffi­cult. For the duration she closed TheWhhe House and became a food techni­cian with the famous Stauffer organizationwith headquarters in Cleveland. She trav­eled from New York to Chicago checkingthe various Stauffer units. This was theposition she held at the time of her mar­riage.Charles A. Warner, '29, was marriedMay 1, 1947, to Rosemary Flynn, and theyare living in Washington, D. C.Lily Viola Maddux, '33, was marriedMay' 3, 1947, to H. G. Schmidt, retiredprincipal of Belleville High School, whereMrs. Schmidt has been teaching for thepast 12 years. They are living at 615East C Street, Belleville, Illinois.Jarmila Marie Vebrova, MBA '43, wasmarried to Dr. Blaha J. Balcar on Novem­ber 15, 1947. She is now in Czechoslo­vakia, and will return some time thismonth.Merton F. Wilson, MD '43', was marriedon August 29, 1947, to Ruth E. Wilzbach.They are li..ving in Dayton, Ohio, whereDr. Wilson is resident in general surgeryat the Brown Hospital.Captain John R. Anderson, '43, wasmarried November 8, 1947, to EleanorStraw. He is stationed at Ladd Field, Al­aska, as weather officer with the 16thWeather Squadron. Since 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical EquipmentHospital and Office FurnitureSundries, Supplies, Dressingsv. MUELLER & CO.All Phones: SEEley 2180408 SOUTH HONORE STREETCHiCAGO 12, ILLINO'ISJliUatktitont 1!lttOrating�trbittPhone Pullman 9170•10422 �bobt� �be., �bhago, JU. 'TuckerDecorating Servicet 360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway '4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192EASTMAN COAL CO.Est�blished IQ02YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488Wesscn-PccehcnrasCoal Co.6876 South Chico go Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wosson', Coal Mokes Good-or­WOllon 0081 3132 TH'E UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGolden Dirilyte(fortnet"ly Dirigold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDService for Eight $61.85FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby,. Spade andOther Famous Makes. Also Crystal. TableLinen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. �ackson Blvd. Chicago, III.ASHJIAN BROS., Inc.laTABLllllED 1121Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000BOYDSTON BROS .• INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HosRitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOak. 0492 Oak. 0493Trained and licensed attendantsBIENENFELDChicago's Mod' Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St. PhoneLafayette 8400Arthur MichaudelDellCjJner and Maker of. Distinctive Stained Glass Windows542 North Paulina Street, ChlcaCjJoTelephone Monro. 2423 . Herman C. Voeltz, '43 was married July11, 1947, to Hildegard Mannck. Theyare living at 1127 East 6lst Street, andMr. Voeltz is back on the quadrangles asa student. .Albert Poll, '45, was married ChristmasDay to Eva X. Fenwick. -r:hey are livi.ngin Chicago where Mr. Poll IS a CPA WIththe firm of George Rossetter and Compa�y.BIRTHSWilliam Willis Korfmacher arrived onAugust 19, 1947, the son of William CharlesKorfmacher, PhD '34. He has two . sisters,Mary Louise, 6, and Blanche Weer, 3.Gerald H. Lovins, SM '34, and Mrs. Lo­vins (Miriam Bloch, '35) announce thebirth of Amory' Bloch Lovins on No­vember 13, 1947. They are living in SilverSpring, Maryland.Alice Louise joined the John M. Clarkfamily September 19, 1947. She has twosisters: Peggy, 5; and Marcia, 3. Motherwas Margaret Merrifield, '39, and dad hashis bachelor's, '37, and his J.D. '39, fromChicago.A daughter, Alice Caroline, was bornat Temple City, California, to Mr. andMrs. Joseph Philipson (Amy F. Goldstein,'41) on November 20, 1947. The baby'sgrandfather is Meyer Goldstein, '12._Born to George R. Gordh, PhD '41, As­sistant . Professor of Historical Theologyof the Federated Theology Faculty, andMrs. Gordh, a son, Robert Reed, on Au­gust 22, 1947.A son, John Gregory, was born Novem­ber, 2, 1947, to Walter D. Rose, '44, andMrs. Rose. Dad is employed by GulfResearch and Development Company inPittsburgh.DEATHSWilliam Isaac Thomas, PhD '96, fortwenty three years a member of the De­partment of Sociology faculty at the Uni­versity, former president of the AmericanSociological Society and nationally knownauthor of works in his field, on December5, 1947, at Berkeley, California.Henry D. Sulcer, '06, former presidentof the Alumni Association, died - at hishome in Evanston December I, 1947. Mrs.Sulcer (Charlotte Thearle, '09) passed away'a week later: December 8.Geraldine Higbie, '09, (Mrs. P. B. Pal­mer of Glencoe, Illinois, on August I, 1947.Garrett E. Rickard, AM '16, formerlypricipal of the LaFayette School in Chi­cago, on December 11, 1947.Nancy Cameron, '17, (Mrs. George Mor­row) on April 9, 1947, at Fairmont, WestVirginia.Contantine Bila, '17, on July 4, 1947, atKansas City, Missouri.Benjamin J. Birk, MD Rush 'IS, in June,1947, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.Willard P. Boyle, '21, AM '21, on Octo­ber 10, 1947.Given Chipps Aikman, AM '22, on April6, 1947.Vera E. Clark, '25, AM '32, of Rockford,Illinois, on January 15, 1947.Gladys Spencer, PhD '39, of Westfield,New Jersey, on November 22, 1947.Thomas H. Remington, '46, on July 20,1947, at Cleveland, Ohio.Maud Campbell, '25, died at Mt. Pleasant,Iowa April 22. She had retired from theState Normal College at Bloomsburg, Penn­sylvania, in 1939 because of ill health.Edward R. Geagan, '33, of Chicago, onMay 15, 1947.Allen Clark Stecher, SM '41, on April28, 1947. Platers, SilversmithsSpecial;s,. • • •GOLD. SILVER. RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Relln;sll.d, R.lacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 8. Wabash Ave. CENtral 6089·90 Chi ••••MOFFETT STUDIO'CAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago State 8750OFFICIAl PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIS1in.tzw�'Chicago's OutstandingDRUG STORESSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago. IllinoisBOYDSTON BROS •• INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493Telephone KENwood 1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELL