T� [ U N IV[RS lTV O�(�I(AGO MAGAZI N [,NOV E M B -E R • • • I 9 4 7How many timesday doesit?eachshe openFIELD tests made by General Electric refrig­erator specialists show that a refrigeratordoor is opened 35 to 70 times a day, dependingon the size of the family.They need to know figures like these so thatthey can determine what will be required ofG-E refrigerators over many years of use.To make sure the door will give good service,for example, a robot testing device at the com­pany's Erie, Pennsylvania, plant tirelessly opensand closes a G-E refrigerator as many times asthe average family does over a 25-year span.Other tests check each unit for leaks, measurethe parts to within a millionth of an inch, sub­j ect the finish to systematic torture.By building with precision and testing withcare, General Electric makes sure that everyG-E product you buy will serve you long andfaithfully.L;iI'U can: rut YiI'ut ciI'ut:leuce en.GENERAL. ELECTRICMore pictures?Have you your October MAGAZINEhandy? Thumb through the firstnineteen pages. Note the numberof illustrations. Not too profuselyillustrated, would you say? Certainlynot the complete answer to those whohave suggested more pictures for animproved MAGAZINE.Including the cover but not thepicture of Chamberlin on Page 1 andthe Old University on Page 13 (whichwe dug out of our cut file), howmuch would you guess those few illus­trations cost? Exactly $170! Fifty­seven three-dollar memberships be­fore the first fall presses of the newyear turned a wheel.Interesting parallelElsewhere in this issue is the storyof Chicago's first President: William·Rainey Harper. I t is interesting tonote that thirty-eight years and fourPresidents later the Trustees paral­leled that first appointment in a num­ber of striking ways.Both Harper and Hutchins werebrought to Chicago from Yale. Bothwere young for the position-Harper,34; Hutchins, 30. Both upset the ed­ucation world by introducing innvo­tions which were ridiculed, attacked,and adopted (in that order). Underthe first President they caned the Uni­versity "Harper's Bazaar." Whatsome call the Hutchins' administra­tion should not be printed on thesepages.None of our businessThe Quiz Kids radio program, orig­inated and owned by Louis Cowan,'31, has been having on its panel ofbright students, brothers Mark (7)and Mike (9) Mullin.Dad'is Joseph Mullin, SM'32,PhD' 36, Associate Professor of Physi­ology, Dean of Students in the Divi­sion of Biological Science, and Secre­tary of the F awl ties. sequence.Aptitudes doubtless are importantin qualifying for the program, saysdad Mullin, but certainly no specialtraining is necessary beyond normalhome life and the satisfying of nat­ural curiosities.Like most youngsters, Mike ran thefamily ragged being read to. It wasan evening ritual and young Mark Cravat in the· crevassesoon made it a threesome. No spe-cial attempt was made to selec� booksof high educational value. MotherGoose had her day and the childrentheir favorites where variation inreading brought quick corrections.As Mike learned to. read, his in­terest centered particularly on naturestories, which is one of his strengthsin the Quiz programs. Except once,the two boys have never appeared to­gether on the same program but tie to his collar button.when either is on, mother or dad go Finally, in desperation, he yankedalong, including out-of-town trips, the bow. from the button and non-Dad sounds one warning to ,par- chalantly carried it in his hand asents who have Quiz Kid candidates. -they entered the Waldorf-Astoria.Bear in mind thata Quiz Kid quickly Frost's embarrassment was evident.ceases to be an income tax deduction. I In the privacy of their room Dr.He gets a hundred-dollar bond for . Frost said, "Barnard, why don't youeach appearance. But when he passes wear a cravat which completelyfive hundred dollars, off goes your circles the neck? It would spare youdeduction and in steps Uncle Sam for such embarrassments as today."his cut. "Huh," grunted Barnard, "I stoodThe program directors handle the overlooking the Grand Canyon a fewchildren intelligently" encouraging years ago when a sudden gust whippednatural at-ease-ness and discouraging my cravat 'out of my waistcoat andsmart-aleck ego·tisrn. Of Course the off the button, carrying it into theyoungsters are impressed. After Mike canyon. Think, man, what wouldhad appeared on a number of broad- have happened if it had 'been tiedcasts someone asked little Mark how firmly around my neck."Three years ago the Mullins re­ceived a letter from the office of theQuiz Kids saying that Mike, thensix, had been recommended for theprogram and enclosing a question­naire. Mother and dad sent regrets.Two years later the invitation wasrepeated. The family succumbed.The Tnterview-audition went so wellthat Mike was soon making frequentappearances on the air. Brother Markgot into the act later as a natural1 PADlong his brother would be o� the QuizKids program. Impressively Markreplied, "Oh, a l-o-n-g time; half anhour!"There are numerous other Chicago"grandsons" and "-daughters" whohave appeared on these programs,e.g., Lonny Lunde, son of Arvid C.Lunde, '22, of Park Ridge. He hasaccumulated 51 bonds since he waseight (now eleven).Lonny was playing the piano at 3.At four it was discovered he had "ab-solute pitch." He is also an authorityon sports, probably because of dad'sinterest from Varsity baseball days.Incidentally, all bonds are madepayable to the child only and theparents are officially pledged to guar­antee the money for the youngster'seducation.Yerkes.' fiftieth anniversary remindsus of a story.In the early days, when Edwin B.Frost was Director of Yerkes Observ­atory and Edward E. Barnard was aprofessor, the two were attending anastronomy meeting in New York. Onthe way to the hotel from the stationBarnard began having trouble withthe wire hook which fastened his bowOrienta,ti;o'nWeeks before he alighted from theI.C. electric at 60th Street the lad, ,fresh from his sophomore year inhigh, school, had practically memo­rized the printed Orientation Pro­gram sent. to him from the U niver­sity.Eleven days of orientation; 22 hoursof orientation tests; an elaborate so­cial program to orient him with hisclassmates; campus 'Orientation tours;orientation meetings to acquaint himwith the numerous student activi­ties; 'Orientation-a new word withwhich, hy now, he was thoroughlyfamiliar. .Blocks down the Midway he set hisbags down to ask a passing gentle­man directions to Burton-JudsonCourt. "Just half a block straightahead, son," was the answer. In thespirit of his new maturity the lad re­plied, "Thank you- for the orientation,sir."Thanks g-ivingA magazine that pays not a cent forits major articles, as does the Univer­sity of California Monthly; has noclass agents to supply class news reg­ularly, as do Dartmouth, Princeton,et al; and has no editorial staff tocompare with schools like Harvard'. .' 'IS indebted for any success to a multi-plicity 'Of friends.At this - Thanksgiving season, then,a word of appreciation for1. The faculty, University officials,and alumni who have never de­nied an editorial request to pub­lish any contribution they makefor public knowledge which, in thej�dgment of the editorial board,would be of interest to readers;2. Our contributing editors who meetdeadlines in the face 'Of their com­plica ted programs and duties;3. The scores 'Of volunteer reportersfrom New York to Los Angeles whoconscientiously continue on thealert for news we might miss andsend it regularly to Alumni House;4. The hundreds of individual alumniwho keep us informed ahout them­selves - because they appreciate news about classmates and friendsand realize the only way we canget news coverage is for each toassume some responsibility;5. The alert critics who earnestly at­tempt to keep us striving for fac­tual, grammatical, and moral per­fection; and6. Our advertisers, most of whom,year after year, renew space con­tracts with only a reminder notefrom the editor.Apol'og'yIt would have to happen to one'of our most popular faculty membersamong both colleagues and students,J Haden Bretz, Professor Emeritusof Geology. In announcing his re­tirement in the October issue we puta period after J (not an initial) andspelled Haden with an m. We knewbetter and we' apologize to him �ndhis multitude of friends.Post exposureDoubtless many of you read "TheMan Who Understands Your Stom­ach" in the Saturday Evening Post ofSeptember 13. You weren't surprisedthat it was the story of our own Dr.An ton J. Carlson. What you prob­ably wouldn't know was that the co­author who inspired the article wasRobert M. Cunningham, Jr., '31, .Managing Editor of The ModemHospital, a professional monthly.And just between us, the picture ofDr. Carlson presiding 'Over the physi­ology class was actually of DeanJoseph Mullin's class borrowed for theoccasion. (See "Quiz Kids" elsewhereon this pad for the story of JosephMullin's two youngsters.)Dean Mullin sat down out of linewith the camera while the pictureswere being shot. As the camera manwas leaving, Dr. Carlson made a wisecrack that set the class rocking. Thealert camera man, realizing. this wasthe candid picture he had been striv­ing for, wheeled and snapped again.I t was the one picture used by thePost.But imagine Dean Mullin's surpriseto discover. himself (in the lower leftcorner) as natural as life, laughing2 with the class. Don't think his col­leagues haven't .been ribbing himabout taking Physiology 251 underCarlson in 1947 after having beenteaching the class for years. The pic­ture is the evidence, Dr. Carlson!History repeatsThe predicament of President Col­well and David Rockefeller reportedin this month's News of the Quad­rangles reminds us of that Fridayevening, October 3, 1902, when CoachStagg and six reporters were lockedin Marshall Field. It had been a lateinterview after football' practice. Thebarbed wire entanglements atop thehigh board fence discouraged escape.Fortunately Mrs. Ingham's shantybuilt into the fence, was not, toppedwith wire. It was over the roof of thatfamous shanty the men clambered toa late dinner., WANT TO fARN$9000A YEAR ?/A career in life' insuranceselling can be both profitableand satisfying . . . with yourincome limited only by yourown efforts. Many of our rep­resentatives earn $4,000 to$9,000 a year, and more! Weinvite you to send for ourscientific Aptitude Test, whichmeasures your qualificationsfor this interesting work.If you qualify, you may be­come eligible for our 3-yearon-the-job training coursewith a 2-year compensatio�plan which will not make youdependent upon commissions.After that, the Mutual Life­time Plan offers liberal com­missions, and substantial re­tirement income at 65. Writetoday to Room 1102.THE MUTUAL LIFEINSURANCE COMPANY of NEW YORK34 Nassau Street .. Alexander E. Patterson -Ney,: York 5; N. Y'!8 President34710THE U'NIVERS'ITY OF CHI'C,AGO'S MAGAZINEWrong errorIs the error in the " So You Know YourUniversity" quiz the statement that therehave been two Universities of Chicago?Wasn't the original University, located at35th and Cottage Grove, called ChicagoUniversity, rather than University of Chi­cago as it is now?Ruth 'Mae Oliver,.'33, AM '46.ChicagoNo. The first University was chartered'the University of Chicago. To permit theneui University to use the name, the Trus­tees of the first University met September8, 1890, and officially changed the name toThe Old University.The error, caught in galley proof butsomehow slipping by in page preo], wasin the answer to question l"c. George C.Walker's father, Charles Walker, was aTrustee ot the old University. George wason the first Board of the new University.He gave $100,000 to build Walker Museumtor the Geology Department.Plato aga.inTo refute the "lively attack" by H: A.Taylor, president of New York's progres­sive Sarah Lawrence College, On the "GreatBooks" discussion groups promoted by theUniversity of Chicago's Chancellor, RobertM. Hutchins, in which Taylor said "Thetask is to set people thinking about con­temporary social questions" [Page 71,. Time,Sept. 29], I find that Plato's Republic mightbe called "The Book of Today" because hedoes treat of the chief contemporaneousproblems of 1947.Wrote Paul Shorey, Professor and Headof the Department of Greek Language andLiterature at the University of ,Chicago in1911, in his monograph on Plato, selectedby Charles Dudley Warner for his inclusionin his forty-six volume "Library of theWorld's Best Literature" to be found inalmost every public library (with uncutleaves): "Plato's Republic might seem abook of yesterday, or tomorrow. The divi­sion of labor, specialization, the formationof a trained standing army, the limitationof the right of private property, the in­dustrial and political equality of women,the improvement of the human breed byartificial selection, the omnipotence of pub­lic opinion, the reform of the letter of thecreeds to save the spirit, the proscripeion ofunwholesome art and literature, the disen­gagement from outworn forms of the savingtruths of the old religion and morality, thedistinction between higher and secondaryeducation, the kindergarten method. thereorganization of education, the endow­ment of research, the practical application ofhigher mathematics to astronomy and phys­ics, the salvation of society by a recon­struction of government-such are someof the divinations and modernisms of thiswonderful work."J. Famsley Reddick, '11.Los Angeles, Cal. Volume 40 November, 1'947 Number 2'PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORTEditorWILLIAM V., MORGENSTERN J'EANNEtTE LOWREYContributinq EdHo'rs EMILY '0. BROOKEAssociate EditorIN TH IS,LETTERS - ISSUEPAGE1RECENT PROGRESS IN SURGERY, Dr. Dallas B. Phemister -LAND OF ETERNAL SPRING, Charles T. HolmanSo You KNOW YOUR lJNIVERSITY?YERKES GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY, J eannetie LowreyNEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES, Jeannette Louirey -NEWS OF THE CLASSESCALENDAR - 13- 1518- :nCOVER-The Yerkes telescope hovers in flhe dark crevice of theObservatory at Williams Bay, Wisconsin.Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chi'cago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office Of Publicatlon, 5783 Univer,sity Avenue, Chieago 87, Illinois. Annual subscrip­tion price $'8:00. Si:ngle copies 85 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 8, 18·'1'9. The American' Alumni.Council, B . .A. Ross, advertising, director, 22 Washingten Square, New YG1'k, N. Y., 18 theofficial advertisIng agency of the Magazine.Rush ReunionShall give you a few lines regarding ourRush, 1900 Class Reunion, September 4and 5, 1947.Headquarters were at the Palmer Housebut we started out with' a banquet at theDrake Hotel. An excellent dinner' wasserved to eighteen of us, including fourladies. Some of the members present hadto be introduced for we have not seen eachother for a long time.Bob Herbst gave a good talk on "Past,Present and Future of Rush M. G:'Our hopes are running high for the fu­ture of good old Rush; there seems to besome foundation for that after visitingthe building that is' being remodeled for-bigger and more rooms foil' Clinical andResearch work. This is, of course, wherethe big cllnics of Senn, Fenger, Bevan andBillings took place. We had able guides. to3 show us through, both .in the remodelingpart, and in the Rush Library, which isan 'outstanding one of its kind. On , thewalls were fine paintings of numerousprofessors that 'made Rush great.From there we entered the Grpup, BusTour once more, taking the boulevard routeto University of Chicago. Only took timeto visit the Campus ground, admiring theimpressive architectural beauty of the build­ings along the midway, winding throughJackson Park, skirting the banks of LakeMichigan to the Educational Genter onthe near north side.The evening took some of us to thetheatre party, others to the baseball park,ending ';:t fine fraternal reunion.Before long all living members will re­ceive' names and addresses of the Class of1900.H. H. Kleinpell, M.D., Rush '00 ..Prairie du Chien, Wis.RECENT PROGRESS IN SURGERYRisks aregreatly reducedTHE last few years has been a period of unusualprogress in surgery. It is of interest to know notonly what are the advances that have been madebut also what has made them possible.Back of most of the periods of great progress are greatdiscoveries in some fundamental field; Thus the dis­covery of anaesthesia in 1846 and of antisepsis in 1866laid the foundation for the revolutionary developmentof modern surgery.The World War was a great stimulus for developmentsuseful to military medicine, but there has been no singlegreat fundamental discovery that is responsible for therecent rapid advances in surgery. Instead a multiplicity ,of important but less significant contributions have madethem possible. A great influence that we are now inclinedto overlook and take for granted was the building pro­gram between the two World Wars which gave"'us mostof the great medical schools and hospitals of this country.I t is only within recent years that practice teaching andresearch in those institutions have reached their fuilfruition.The situation in Chicago is a good example. Thethree medical centers of Northwestern University, theUniversity of Illinois and the University of Chicago havebeen built, in almost their entirety, within the past twenty­five years. In this program the public spirited citizenshave had an important hand and are entitled to muchof the credit.The most striking recent developments in surgery havecome about principally as a result of advances alongphysiological and biochemical- lines.Formerly the surgeon was engrossed in a knowledge ofanatomy and pathology and his operative work consistedmainly in the removal of diseased organs and parts. Nowhe is also greatly interested in function and how functionof parts or the whole of the body may be altered andimproved, by a variety of methods' physical, biochemicaland chemical, so that at operation tlie altered organ orpart may be repaired instead of removed and in eithercase the risk of operation reduced.TransfusionsImprovements along physiological and biochemicallines have effected- _little short of revolutionary advancesin operative surgery in the past ten or fifteen years. Themost important improvement has come from a betterknowledge of the condition of the circulation and theblood of surgical patients and from better methods ofcontrol of them before, during and after operation. • By DALLAS "B. PHEMISTER. M.D. RUSH '04It has been learned that surgical shock, i.e., embarrass­ment or failure of the circulation before, during or afteroperation, is due either to failure to correct a depletedstate of the blood before the operation or to the loss,of blood at operation. As a corrollary, it has beenestablished that the depleted state of the blood beforeopera tion can and should be corrected in large meas ureby the giving of blood transfusions and less importantly,of plasma.During the operation, when there is loss of blood suf­ficient to embarrass the circulation, shock may bealmost entirely eliminated if blood transfusion is givensimultaneously with and in amounts equal to the bloodloss. After operation there is often rapid decline of theblood if the surgery has been large or if disease is stillpresent, in which case one to several transfusions arecalled. for: Wherever blood transfusion is adequatsjeused III this way shock has been all but eliminated as acomplication of operation.PenicillinThe greatest boon for surgery in the 6"iochemIc�field has been the introduction of penicillin. Streptn,mycin and the sulfonamide chemicals are important butof lesser value.Penicillin and the other antibiotics are now controllingmany diseases which formerly called for surgical trear,ment and are lessening the magnitude of the surgery re­quired for cases in which the control is only partial. Forinstance, acute osteomyelitis or pus infection of thebone may be completely controlled if the penicillin isstarted early or if started late only drainage of an abscessmay be necessary. Formerly an early operation for drain;age of pus and a late operation for removal of dead'bone would have been required. These drugs are ofgreat importance when given following operations be­cause they lessen the incidence of infection of the woundsand prevent. the development of post-operative compl];cations such as penumonia and peritonitis. It is diffi.cult to believe, but true, that one rarely hears now ofdeath from peritonitis.AnaesthesiaContinuous spinal anaesthesia, which may be pro_longed for several hours, makes it possible to performlong operations in regions located below the diaphragmwith less toxic effect than is usually produced by pro­longed general anaesthesia.Anaesthesia by injection of sodium pentathol into avein has become popular for short operations as it is4THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsafe and produces a minimum of discomfort and aftereffects.PDsitive pressure anaesthesia has made it possible to.open the chest and perform major operations on thestructures within, without producing collapse of thelungs and embarrassment of respiration and circulation.This has enormously expanded the field of chest surgery.Other improvementsSterilization of the intestinal tract by givmg sulfadrugs or streptomycin pre-operatively and prevention ofgas and fluid distension of stomach and intestines afteroperation for removal of lesions of stomach Dr bowel.by continuous suction with a stomach tube has lessenedthe' incidence of leakage of the suture line and peri­tonitis.The administration by vein of water, salts and glucosein the necessary amounts when they cannot be takenby mouth has greatly improved the condition of patientsbefore operation and reduced the operative mortality bymaintaining the body in proper water and salt balance.The use of heparin and dicumerol for the preventionand control of clotting within the veins has reduced theincidence of breaking loose of clots and embolism of thelungs, as well as the incidenoe of varicose veins with per­manent swelling of the leg. They have greatly reduced""flle necessity for the removal of clots and tieing off theveins in the thighs for the prevention Df embolism. 'The effects of these developments upon operative sur­gery have been little short of revolutionary. The mor­tality from operations that could be performed pre-Dr. Dalles B. Phemister, Chairman of the Depar+men+ ofSurgery for the past twenty-two years, reviewed theseadvances in surgery before the University's Citizen Boardrecently. 5viously has been greatly reduced. It is now possible tooperate two or three times as long as formerly and to'successfully perform operations that are two. or threetimes as big as any that could be performed before. Asa result there has been a marked extension of the fieldof surgery to include lesions which were so. advanced orso large that they had been regarded as inoperable. Also,there has been greater refinement of technique, makingit possible to. execute meticulous operative procedureswhich were impossible before.Spectacular operationsAt the risk of being tiresome and of not making myselfwell understood, I am going to. tell YDU about a few ofthe more spectacular new operations that are being per­formed routinely. The first gro.up consists of removalof organs or parts. Several hours may be consumedand one to. four quarts of blood may be given during theoperation.For the past fifteen years it has been possible to re­move an entire lung (usually performed for cancer). Atfirst the mortality rate was high, but within the pastfour Dr five years it has been reduced to the vicinity often per cent.Within the past ten years it has become possible toopen the left chest, remove a cancer IDeated in theesophagus, or in the first portion of the stomach, andthen bring the stomach, or what is left of it, up into thechest and connect it with what is left of the esophagus,even high within the chest, thereby preserving the con­tinuity of the tract and enabling the patient to take foodand drink in the normal manner.Until the past few years it was rare for the surgeon toremove all of the stomach, and the mortality rate washigh. Since then, total gastrectomy has become a fre­quent operation for cancers still confined to but IDeatedhigh in the stomach, and the mortality is down to tenor fifteen per' cent. Moreover, when the cancer hasextended to' surrounding organs not only the stomachbut also a part of the liver, spleen, pancreas or largebowel may be removed with it in Dne mass. Dr. Brun­schwig has done some of the most heroic operations ofthis sort ever performed in the whole field of surgery.Until ten years ago it was impossible to operate suc­cessfully on nearly all cases Df cancer of the pancreasbecause it would have been necessary to resect also theduodenum and the bile duct emptying into it. Sincethen, with increased ability to perform long operations,it has become possible to operate successfully on thesecases by removal of the lower end of the stomach, theduodenum and the end of the bile duct along with partor even all of the pancreas. When a part of the pancreasis left behind, the patient can get along with its ductdisconnected with the bowel and ligated and its' externalor digestive secretion suppressed. When the pancreas isall removed, the patient is able to survive on only asmall dose, usually fifteen units, of insulin daily.6 THE UNIVERS,ITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEOperations which alter the function of organs or partsinstead of removing. them are corning more and moreinto use.Hig;h blood pressureThe sympathetic nerves form a chain on either sideof the bodies of the spinal column and send off brancheswhich supply the blood vessels and carry nerve impulsesthat keep the arteries in a state of contraction sufficient'to sustain the blood pressure. In certain cases of highblood pressure, the cause of which' may be little under­stood, the cutting out of these nerves will frequentlylower the blood pressure and control the disease, althoughno direct attack is made on the blood vessels themselves.A 'similar attack has recently been made upon ulcersof the duodenum and stomach by Dr. Dragstedt. Thetwo vagus nerves arise from the brain stem and coursedown the neck to give. some of their fibers to the stomach.Activity of that nerve is the main cause of the secre­tion of the gastric juice and the hydrochloric add whichit contains, and excess secretion of gastric juice andhydrochloric add appears to be the main cause of ulcer.Cutting' of the vagus nerves reduces the volume of secre­tion and the amount of hydrochloric add and in a four-. year trial period has controlled the ulcers in a. high percent of cases."Blue babies"Lastly, the blood vessels of certain regions have beenaltered by operation in order to direct the blood aroundobstructions or leaks and into channels in which it func­tions more efficiently. You have all read in the papersabout the successful operative treatment of blue babies.The child is born with an opening in the partition be- tween the right and . left ventricles of the heart to thelungs. As a result of these deformities, most of the blueblood coming from the veins into the right heart getsshunted around the lungs into the left heart and ispumped out into the arteries, giving the blood which islacking in oxygen a blue color. The deficiency in red oroxygenated blood results in serious difficulties.To correct this, a large artery arising from the aortaand going usually to the left arm is divided,. broughtaround and joined, to the artery going from the right'heart to the lung beyond the point where it is narrowed.This allows a large amount of blue blood from the armartery to circulate through the lungs, take up oxygen andbe pumped out into the aorta and arterial system as redblood, which relieves the baby's symptoms. Operationsfor patent ductus arteriousus and coarctation of theaorta are equally spectacular.The portal vein is a large vessel which carries theblood from the intestines, stomach, spleen and pancreasto the liver. In cases of hardening or cirrhosis of theIiver, and in cases of clotting or thrombosis in the trunkor main tributary of the portal vein, the obstruction damsback the blood into the abdominal organs and producesserious difficulties, Techniques have recently been workedout for establishing a communication between either theportal vein or one of its main tributaries and the in­ferior vena cava or one ,of its main tributaries. In thisway the blood Is shunted from the portal vein into thegeneral venous system, around the liver and back to theheart and the patient's systems are relieved.What I have given is only a glimpse of the progressthat is being made and presages greater benefits that areto come as a result of further research in the field ofsurgery.so YOU K;NOW YOUR UN,IVERSHY?Last month we wrote about the fi'rst University ofChicago at 35th and Cottage Grove. This and subse­quent months the questions and answers refer to theUniversity on the Midway. After you have tested yourU. of C. 1. Q. on the following questions, turn to page 10for the answers.1. The University has hada. Five Presidentsh. Six Presidentsc. Seven Presidents2. The first President wasa. Harry Pratt Judsonb. WiUiam Rainey Harperc. Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed3" The first president entered college when he w_!lsa. Ten years of age. h. Fourteenc. Seventeen4. As President of Chicago he introduced the followingeducational innovationsa. Home Study Departmentb. University Pressc. Quarter systemd .. .Junior Colleges5 .. Probably John D. Rockefeller gave more money tothe University in the first 20 years than the combinedgifts of $20,000 or more from all other individualbenefactors in the history of the institution. Wouldyou say that amount was nearera. $10,000,000h. 25,000,000c. 35,000,000d. 50,000,000LAND OF ETERNAL SPRING. Orchids groweverywhereTHIS is being written on August 8th-a lovely,. cool day,. as a.r� all o�r days in C:uatem�la. City.The sun IS shining brightly, but, since this IS' therainy season, there will be heavy showers sometime thisafternoon or tonight.Brilliantly colored bougainvillia vines climb the fencea few yards from my window, and the garden, surround­ing the wide lawn, is a 'profusion of bright-hued flowers.Palm, Eucalyptus and flowering trees whose names areunknown to me, surround the house. In our neighbor'sgarden are also orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit and cof-fee trees. Orchids grow everywhere, but blossoms willbe somewhat rare until September.Off in the distance I see the peaks of two of Guate­mala's thirty volcanoes; and overhead is the translucentblue of the sky, in which float, as at all seasons of theyear, snowy white clouds. If there is paradise anywhereon earth, we seem to have found it. Guatemala is, in-_ deed, as it calls itself, '''the land of e,temal spring"!Guatemala City, at an elevation of 5,,000 feet, is not,of course, all of Guatemala, although most of the popula­tion lives in the highlands ranging from 4,000 to .7,500feet. Most of the towns and cities are located in the val­leys of this rugged, mountainous country, with its mag­nificent scenery, beautiful lakes, great rivers, tiny streams,deep waterfalls, and stupendous canyons. Along theAtlantic and Pacific coasts are wide plains with junglegrowths of mahogany and other timbers and immensebanana plantations. Most of the coffee, which, withbananas, comprise the chief agricultural exports, is grownin the highlands.The people are as fascinating as the country, especiallythe Indians who form the large majority of the popula­tion. . They come into the cities dressed: in their pictur­esque and colorful costumes each village has its own dis­tinctive garb) heavily loaded with textiles, blankets,pottery and other products of their native arts and crafts,to sell in the markets. Here, and on the city streets, they .rub shoulders with fashionably dressed Ladinos and for­eigners. They are kindly, courteous, and possess anastonishing dignity.These native peoples are the descendents of the ancientMayas, said. by Dr. Sylvanus Morley to have been "themost brilliant aboriginal people on the planet." Theruins of their ancient culture-s-magnificent sculpturedand painted- stone temples" palaces, public buildings andcarved stone columns-and fragments of pottery, jadecuttings, and paintings date back to the first six centuriesof the Christian era. They were brilliant astronomers • By CHARLES T. HOLMAN, 0.8. '16and mathematicians, and their calendar is said to equalthe Gregorian.The Mayan ruins are not the only ones to interest thearchaeologist, architect and historian. There. are alsothe impressive ruins of Spanish Colonial times, foundparticularly in Antigua, the ancient capital, where 85churches, monasteries, and public buildings were almosttotally demolished in the earthquake of 1773. But eventhe ruins of these arches, paves, towers and fountainsalmost take one's breath away with their grandeur andbeauty. The "Very Noble and Very Loyal City of Sit., James of the Knights of Guatemala" must have b�en amagnificent capital in the days of its glory.But this excursion into Colonial Spain has taken meaway from' my Indians" Perhaps the best place' to seethe Indian, and what has happened to him as a resultof the interpenetration of Mayan and Spanish cultureis at Chichicastenango. There, on the church steps andinside the two churches at both ends of the market, onesees the frankest possible intermingling of pagan andCatholic worship, and the priests, I am told, make noeffort to control it except when mass is being said. In-:deed, a box-like structure is built into the steps leadingup to the church door, and directly in line with the door,in which copal incense is kept constantly burning to thenon-Christian gods.Kneeling on the church steps and on the floor insidethe church, crowds of Indians, particularly on marketdays, burn candles and incense, scatter rose leaves, andIrndi:ans 'burni'n;g incense on the steps of "EI Calvario" Chu.rchChlchlcestenenqc. Notel:ndians clustered around pagan altar nea;. foo·t of church steps.78 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEspread out their offering of corn and fruit to whatevergods they are worshipping-one cannot be sure whetherthey are pagan gods, Christian saints, the Virgin, orChrist. Perhaps it is not too dear to. the Indian him­self---likely he is taking no chances and including themall.But while thus engaged the Indian is oblivious toeverything else. His devout earnestness is beyond ques­tion. Whether it is a fertility god or the Christian Godhe is worshipping, he is involved in a relationship whichis more real and important to him than any he couldhave with another human being. And the total effectof these scores kneeling Indians performing their relig­ious rites, muttering their prayers, crossing themselves,amid the smoke, flickering light, and heavy odor ofcandles, incense, flowers and fruit, is weird beyond des­cription. I have not been in Chiehicastenango on a feastday" but it is them, I am told, and particularly at theFiesta of Santo Tomas, that ."Chichi" outdoes itself.While thelndians are greatly in the majority the poli­tical and· economic life of the country is dominated bythe Ladinos, chiefly of mixed Spanish and Indian blood.Government, business and education is largely undertheir control. They are channing and cultured 'people,.but there is, a very wide gap indeed between them, andespecially the wealthy elite, and the very poor Indianswho make up the mass of the population. Foreignersalso, although a very small minority, form a very impor­tant element of the population. Americans are the mostnumerous, but Germans, .Britons, and many others arefound in considerable numbers. They represent foreignbusiness enterprises, education, diplomatic services, andquite a variety of expressions of the American "goodneighbor" policy.Perhaps I had better say something about these ac­tivities, since I have been tremendously impressed withtheir importance. They ate doing much to raise thelevel of health, education, agricuiture and social welfare.The projects involved are being 'carried forward cooper­atively with the local ,governmental and education agen­cies which, in most cases, bear part of the cost, andGuatemalan leadership is being trained to. take over' thework. Such American investments will, it seems to me,pay big dividends ultimately, not only in good wi11 butin the improved economic life of our neighbors-a mat- -ter of no small 'importance in view of increasing hemi­spheric solidarity.In the field of health, h,:,o major agencies are operat­ing. The Division of Health and Sanitation of the In­stitute of Inter-American Affairs is building a 1,000 bedhospital which, I am tDld,. will be the only completelymodern hospital, according to American standards, in allLatin America. This originally was to have been a 300bed hospital, entirely paid for by the United States, butthe Guatemalan government voluteered to. pay the in­creased costs if. the plans were expanded to. provide a The Hclmens in their g.arden, Guatema'la City.1000 bed hospital. In addition, plans are being madefor basic 30 bed hospitals, capable of expansion, to beestablished in various parts of. the country.This division, in cooperation with local governmemgjagencies, is also. carrying forward a number of municipal, projects, including the training of public health nursesa�d the operation of child welfare clinics. The major­ity of the personnel-doctors, nurses, technicians-s-a-gGuatemalans, hut the skilled technical leadership is pro­vided by the United States. The second major healthproject is that conducted by the Pan-American SanitaryUnion, which is a cooperative effort with the HealthDepartments of several Latin-American countries. Head­quarters tor Central America are located in GuatemalaCity, and a very effective program is in operation for thecontrol of typhus, venereal disease, smallpox and other in­fectious diseases.In agriculture, the Agricultural Institute is a large_scale operation, with adequate buildings and excellentexperimental farms, conducted by the Guatemalan, gDV­ernrnent with technical and financial aid from the UnitedStates. It is carrying forward research and also teach,ing scientific agriculture. The Bureau of Plant Industry,a U. S. Department of Agriculture project, maintains apropagation farm. The Reconstruc�ion Finance Cor­poration is producing quinine on a large scale-an op-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEeration which grew out of wartime needs. Iowa StateCollege is carrying forward an important research projectin the genetics of corn here in the land in which cornwas first domesticated.In .education, the Cultural and Educational Division,which is a bureau within the U. S. State Department,performs a variety of services. Information is madeavailable to the radio, press, and other agencies; docu­mentary moving pictures are circulated; school books areprovided; scholarship and travel grants for study in theUnited States are made to promising students; and ar­rangements are made for exchange professorships be­tween American and Guatemalan universities.An important activity is the operation of the Guate­malan - American Institute, where representatives ofGuatemalan and American cultures intermingle. Courses,of lectures are given, classes in English' and Spanish areconducted (about 400 persons are now attending classesin English), an excellent library is available, and manyother activities are included in the program. I am nowdiscussing with the Directors the feasibility of setting upa Great Books course as part of the Institute's offerings.Another agency is the Inter-American EducationalFoundation, a U. S. Corporation, which is engaged in the.training of rural teachers and in research in rural educa­tion under such conditions -are obtained in Guatemala.The National Indian Institute" another U. S. supportedagency, is conducting research among the indigenous, peo­ples of the country. The Carnegie Institute is condcctinganthropological research, both with regard to the ancientMayan civilizations and Spanish Colonial achievements.The Pan-American Highway, a really stupendous un­dertaking in this rugged, mountainous country, is being,pushed along by the Public Roads Administration. 'Thehighway is now passable from the Mexican to the Sal­vadorean borders, but there is much work to he done be­fore it is in any such ,condition as that section of thehighway which runs through Mexico from Laredo to .Mexico City.Besides these American agencies there are the U. S. \Air Mission, the U. S. Military Mission, the Cultural,Commercial, Agricultural, and Military attaches of theU. S. Embassies. Their functions are, of course,' similarto those of such attaches in any embassy.In any such listing as this, one ought not to overlookthe services to the country of the United Fruit Company.It is, of course, a very profitable business enterprise, butit is contributing enormously to the welfare and progressof the country through higher wages, great educationaland health services, agricultural rese�!ch projects, andthe introduction of improved agricultural methods. Somewhere back of the operation of, this company is anenlightened social conscience.Before I close I suppose that I ought to say somethingabout what brings me down here. I have cushioned theshock of retirement from the University by becomingthe first full time pastor of the Union Church of Guate­mala, the only English-language Protestant church hold­ing regular services in this country.For a good many years Presbyterian missionaries con­ducted services in English for the English-speaking com­munity, in the building of the First Spanish Presbyteriancongregation. Less than three years ago the' congrega­tion decided to organize as an independent UnionChurch, with a Presbyterian missionary as part timepastor. When this missionary left on furlough the churchdecided to seek a full time pastor.Progress was slow on account of the handicap of dis­tance, and it was during this time that I agreed to serveas acting pastor during a six months vacation period.The church made quite remarkable progress and deter­mined to launch a $125,000 building, program. I wasasked to return as pastor after completing my service atthe University, and agreed to do so, It is an excitingprospect.Before going to the University faculty I had sixteenyears service as' pastor of churches, and, while teaching,my chief interest was in the work of the pastor. NowI have a chance to practice what I preached, and to dis­cover if it is easier to. tell others how to do a job thando it oneself.The listing of American agencies operating here willgive' some idea of the personnel available for the buildingof a church. In addition there are" of course, many rep­resentatives of American as well as other foreign business.enterprises, There is, a considerable 'British colony.Many people of other national backgrounds, some ofthem connected with the Legations of foreign countries,have English as a second language, and find ours to betheir most congenial church home.The congregation represents an extraordinarily highlevel of culture and wide variety of interests. The op­portunity provided by the church for worship, religiouseducation, and social life is appreciated by the people,. and gains a warm response. So, in this congenial' andcosmopolitan setting, at 65, I have a chance to get afresh start in what has always been my first love, thepastoral ministry.When we learned that Charles T. Holman, Professor ofPastoral Duties, was retiring, with Mrs. Holman, to Guate­mala we asked him "Why?"� This is his answer with the con­viction of one born' to top membership in the GuatemalaChamber o·f Commerce.In the December issue:"Antidote for Communism"-Paul H. Douglas'"Shall We Save Free En+erprise"-G.arfield V. Coxso YOU KNOW YOUR UNlVERSITY?.. Before reading this, test your U. of C. I. Q. with thequestions on Page 6.'1. The University has had six Presidents since thedoors opened on October 1, 1892. You probably missedthis question unless you remembered that Robert M,.,Hutchins recently became Chancellor and "Ernest E,.Colwell became the sixth President.2. The Presidents and their terms of office were: .William Rainey Harper 1891-1906, died in office., Harry Pratt Judson 1907�1923, retired ..Ernest DeWitt Burton 1923-1925, died in office.Max Mason 1925-,-1928, resigned.. Robert M, Hutchins 1929-1945, advanced .. ' "Ernest E. Colwell 1945-3. William Rainey Harper, born near New Concord,Ohio, was reading at three; admitted to the Freshmanclass of Muskingum College at ten;' and was graduatedwith the degree of A.B. at fourteen, which puts whiskerson the Chicago Bachelor's degree!Too young to leave home (according to dad) , heclerked in the family store for three years; organized andled the New Concord Silver Cornet Band, playing the"silver" E-flat cornet himself; read the classics (WhatfThe Great. Books); and prepared 'himself for graduate �work at Yale where,' a little more than a year later, hereceived his Ph.D. At nineteen he was head of MasonicCollege at Macon" Tennessee.4. Educational innovations introduced at Chicago byPresident Harper in those early years included a HomeStudy Department; a University Press; the quarter sys­tem with a full time summer quarter; and divisions call­ed Junior and Senior Colleges-which later led to the es­tablishing of junior colleges in many of the States.Harper wanted the Home Study Department for thosewho could not attend the University. He wanted the Uni- .versity Press to publish scholarly and important manu-,scripts, contributions to international scholarship, which 'would have such limited circulation that commercialprinters could not afford to publish them. Today, scoresof universities have correspondence departments andpresses.The quarter system .was a time saver. Students, couldcuter or be graduated' any of four times a year, The sum­mel' quarter was substituted for, the long summer vaca­tion, taken for granted by ali schools up to that time.There was no point, reasoned Harper, in a huge educa­tional plant lying idle four months. of every year.5. In the first twenty years John D. Rockefeller gave$34,702,375.28 to the Midway institution he helped tofound.It all began with Rockefeller agreeing to give $600,000to start the University if an additional $400,000 couldbe raised in a year's time. This accomplished, they pre­pared to dig Cobb Hall basement. To get Harper for President (from Yale where he wmaking lit: phenomenal reputation), Rockefeller gave aother million. Harper claimed that a million would onlstart another college; it would take two inillion to stat'3. university.The Trustees thought sixty faculty members wouldsufficient for the first year. Harper appeared !with, e,cad,l,y, twice th,a., t ma,UY,-,n,. i,U"le. o,f t.h. em., . .pres.ident�'(�f othelinstitutions of higher learning.. Right -away there wasdeficit. Rockefeller came .,to ,the rescue.Annually thereafter until well past the tum of thcentury there was a deficit running into six figures. An"!,nally Rockefeller -!fiet the emergency with unrestricte1gifts 'ranging from $150,000 to $300,000 in addition t�a million or so at int,ervals f,or endowm. ent. The last delficit finally ended the sequence in 1908.Rockefeller's generous habit of underwriting these dc­ficits became generally enough known so that even news'paper cartoonists' had their fun from the profitableRockefeller-Harper friendship.CancerOne afternoon, early in 1905, President Harper sentfor Thomas W. Goodspeed and Comptroller Henry A·Rust. "I have asked you to come," he said, "to say toI-I11Reprinted from The Chicago American, 190510William Rainey Harper1891-1906 Harry Pratt .ludson1907-1923�IFTY YEARS OF LEAD.�RSHIP was the title ofMis page· spread in theI Clgazine of 0 c t 0 b e r,939 B. C. (Before Chan­celors). The ce n t e r picture ofRobert Maynard Hutchins(1929-45) was taken inthe comparatively care­free days b e for e theworrysome atom bombbrought his statement: "Itis very late: perhaps noth­ing can save us."1925-1928Max Mason 1923-1925Ernest DeWitt Burton12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAgAZINEyou that I have today received my death sentence frommy physicians. They have discovered that my trouble isiaternal cancer.". Later he wrote" "I have often wondered how a manfelt when notified that within fourteen or sixteen days,he was to close up his account. I shall not. have occa­.sion to wonder much longer."Four days later he wrote, "I have met my classes to­'day as usual and have lectured to the fresh�an. '.. Thewhole situation seems to be a kind of dream. . . hut I'find that I am very much better 'off working than doing'nothing."And work he did up to the last weeks, finishing booksto be published, carrying on his regular program of teach­ing and administration, outlining future plans which didnot in�lude himself, and even arranging funeral plans infull detail.President Harper died on Wednesday,. January . [0,1906. Memorial services were held in Mandel Hall andat 'many major universities, churches and schools. Thecity of Chicago named a public school and a street in hismemory. And the faculty, students, alumni and friendsbuilt Harper Memorial Library. 'Forty years later the' Nation has determined to con­centrate every effort and untold millions on the preven­tion and cure of the disease that permitted our first Presi­dent just one year of grace after its discovery and brought on his death during his fiftieth year-fifteen asPresident. And today his own University is establishinga cancer f:enter second. to none with the hope of doingaway with similar death sentences in the future .Now it's your tum to tell a story. It must be true; itmust be about the University or one of the professors;it can or need not be funny; we would hope it wouldcontribute to the lore of the University. Brevity will bea virtue.W,e ask permission to 'edit and publish any that passour editorial board and/or turn them over to the(a0'hivesdepartment if they are of historical value in contributingto the human side of the Universitv The event can havehappened before the turn of the century or only yes�er­day. -Fa'}' the best five stories selected by our editorial boardwe will award a choke of1. The Biography of President Ernest DeWitt Burtonby Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed, or2� The two volumes of Uniuessity of Chicago Bio­graphical Sketches; '( 29 biographies including Douglas,Hutchinson, Bartlett, Billings, Mandel, Cobb, etc.) als() Iby Dr. Goodspeed.The quick sketch of President Harper's life was takenfrom the biography, William Rainey Harper by GOod-Ispeed .. _, .. 4,Wrn.iam Ra'i�ey Harper .Memorial 'Library. Note d,iff,ere,nce i'n the two +ewers: one represents the, Church, the ofher th'e Stat.e.YER,KES GOLDE'N' ANN1VERSARYNINETEEN hundred and forty-seven marks thegolden anniversary of Yerkes Observatory.Renowned for its firsts in star-gazing, its dis­tinguished astronomers, and the world's largest refract­ing telescope, the University observatory marked itssemi-centennial birthday with a special celebration Sep­tember 6.-'Astronomers from all over the world came to WilliamsBay to hear a review of how the inspiration for the found­ing of the famous observatory came from a con versa ..tion overheard by a 24-year-old Chicagoan. The scien-.tists stayed on for three days more to discuss the newera in astronomy.Founder and first director of Yerkes was George El­lery Hale. He got the inspiration for the observatoryon a summer's eve in 1892, on the veranda of a Roches­ter, New York, hotel, as he listened to a famous, Cam ..bridge telescope maker describe an unusual bargain to behad in a pair of 40-inch discs. Made by M. Mantois ofParis, they had been ordered on the strength of a' Calif­ornia land-boom. When the bubble burst, the French­man was caught with. the lenses, and was anxious to sellthem, nearly at cost.Hale hurried to. Chicago and told his story to CharlesHutchinson, who was president of the University's Boardof Trustees. He was' advised to approach the tractionmagnate, Charles T. Yerk�s.Yerkes listened to Hale and to William Rainey Harper,President of the then young University of Chicago. Be­fore they left his office, Yerkes had sent a telegram com­missioning the purchase of the world's largest refractinglenses for a new observatory.Chicago's first glimpse of the bargain came during theColumbian Exposition of 1893 when the lens mountingswere put on exhibit. In 1897 the discs were finally in­stalled at Williams Bay.For seven years, Hale sparked pioneering research atYerkes. He was succeeded by a man he had met on.that historic trip to Rochester, Edwin B. Frost, 'a New.Englander who had studied in England and France.Frost, renowned as the "blind astronomer," lost hiseyesight in the last years of his career, but overcame thehandicap with a phenomenal me,mory and intense applica­tion of his mind. He was able, for example, to. cite pageand paragraph in all standard astronomical referencesIor his associates, and he knew every inch of, the, Observ- �atory and its grounds. . ,Otto Struve, third Director of Yerkes and now its firstHonorary Director, came to' the Observatory as an. as­sistant. The fourth generation of his family to head anobservatory, Struve had been interrupted in his studiesby the first W orld War and by the Bolshevik revolution in his homeland. His military career as an officer in. theWhite Army ended in a detention 'camp at Gallipoli,Frost heard from a German scientist of the brilliantyoung Russian astronomer who was being held prisonerof war, and raised funds for his release. His offer of aidcame after Struve had managed an escape by burrowinginto the coal bunker of an outward-bound ship. Theoffer caught up with him in Constantinople at a timewhen he was earning his living' by chopping wood forthe Sultan's palace and by carrying bricks up a hill toosteep for horses. 'Struve was recently succeeded by Gerard P. Kuiper,the fo�rth Director in Yerkes' history. During the' war,Dr. Kuiper worked with the Office of Scientific Researchand Development. In 1943 and 1944 he went, to Eng­land to do an operational analysis for the eighth air force.In 1945, he was a member of the War Departmentmission to Germany and Austria to examine German sci­entific advances during the war.Otto Struve Gerard P. KuiperUnder the guidance of these men, Yerkes has con­tributed much to man's knowledge of the universe.Two of Yerkes' achievements were particularly im­portant in developing the modern concept that the galaxyis. ten times larger .than was thought 50 years ago andthat it is shaped like a giant pancake, spinning in spacewith the sun-first thought to be in 'the center-really'two thirds of the way toward the edge.The Yerkes contributions were the monumental atlasesof Milky Way photographs made by Barnard and Ross,whic}:l first revealed great clouds of dust and gas in space.These showed early measurements to be incorrect sinceno allowance had been made for the dimming of stellarnght by these douds.Then. the studies. of the velocity of stars by Frost andAdams, later continued by Barrett and Struve, provedthe galaxy was in rotation and furnished knowledge ofthe pancake shape of the universe.13THE U N I V E R S I'T Y 0 F CHI C AGO MAG A Z I N EThese and other studies provided the basis for theoret- _leal interpretation, principally that of Dr, J. H. Oort ofthe Leyden Observatory, now .a Visiting Professor atYerkes, which developed the present concept of the uni­verse.From this primary advance in astronomy during thepast halt-century, Yerkes astronomers are now turnin�to the task of finding out why the pattern of the uni­verse is what it is.They plan to study why faint stars predominate in onesector of the galaxy, and bright stars in another, the rela­tionship of stars and douds' of interstellar matter, theirarrangement in space, and the nuclear processes going onin the heavens.This inquiry into the "dynamics" of the universe willbe made through investigation of the chemical composi­tion of the stars .. ' Groundwork for the far-reaching new plan of researchis .a study recently completed by Dr. SubrahmanyanChandrasekhar, Distinguished Service Professor of Astro­physics. Largely through theoretical mathematicalstudies, Dr. Ohandrasekhar solved the problem of howlight from the hot. interior of a star filters through theouter layers. .One phase - of the research program is concerned withthe observation of bright stars which will be made byDrs. Struve, W. Albert Hiltner, and Jesse Greensteinwith powerful spectroscopes attached to the 82-inch re­flector at Macfronald Observatory of the University ofTexas, which is staffed by the University of Chicagoastronomers, With these observations, and from measure­ments of the features of various stellar spectra, the scien­tists will be able to infer, with the aid of Dr. Chandra­sekhar's theory, what the outer layers of the stars are like.In another phase of the new research, Drs. Gerard P.Kuiper, Director of Yerkes and MacDonald, William W. Left: Yerkes Observatory.near the town of WilliamsBay. on the shores of LakeGeneva. Wisconsin. wascompleted in 1897. Atthat time it housed thelargest telescope in theworld.Below: McDonald Ob.servatory at Fort DaVis.Texas, owned by the Uni­versity of Texas; staffedby The University of Chi­caqo.Morgan and William Bidlman are classifying faint stars,presumably enormously distant from the earth, with spec­troscopes of low power. Once the astronomers knowwhat the stars are like, as to temperature and size, theywill be able to infer how far they must be to appear asfaint objects.In the third phase of Yerkes research, Dr. Jesse Green­stein is investigating the tremendous clouds of dust andgas that 'exist in space. These interstellar clouds, firstdiscovered at Yerkes by Professor Barnard, are so greatthat the light of all stars is affected.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESRepeat performenceTHE wartime job the University of Chicago didin operating the Oak Ridge atomic research centerfrom its inception in 1943 until 1945 has just be­come a University peacetime project.The Atomic Energy Commission has designated theUniversity as prime-contractor for the next four. yearsof Clinton National Laboratory. The University suc­ceeds the Monsanto Chemical Company, which assumeddirection of the center after the University had fulfilledits wartime contract.The third national laboratory, Clinton is the secondnuclear center the University operates for the govern­ment. The University is also the contract-operator ofthe Argonne National Laboratory - successor to' theMetall urgical Laboratory.Like the Argonne. National Laboratory which is op­erated by the University with 29 participating institu­tions throughout the Midwest, Clinton will be directedwith the cooperation' of the Oak Ridge Institute of Nu­clear Studies.Plans for the Laboratory when the University takesover December 31 call, according to the Atomic EnergyCommission, for the construction of a new high-flux re­actor several times more powerful than the existing OakRidge pile. The new pile will be used for further studiesand expanded research requiring neutron intensities notnow available. The program also calls for the continuedproduction of radioisotropes, fundamental nuclear re­search and applied research, engineering studies for thedevelopment of useful power, and a school for academicand industrial personnel.First and on·lyA "first" was added to the 55-year history of the U ni­versity of Chicago by Roger J. Crise, 3.3-year-old generalaccountant of International Harvester Company.Crise �s the first person to receive a Master of Busi­ness Administration degree in the University's Execu­tive Program without benefit of any formal higher edu­cation. A high school graduate only, he is an exampleof the university's philosophy that knowledge is a matterof what the student knows, not what can be added upin "credit" bookkeeping. In two years of evening study,he completed the equivalent of .a five-year program in thetraditional college or university of the nation.Crise was one of 45 who completed the thirdExecutive Program (the only course of its kind in thecountry) and one of 26 who, in addition to' receiving acertificate, also qualified for master of business admin­istration degrees. '\�• •_, ,I .'• By.JEANNETTE LOWREYNew appointmentsA new dean of Rockefeller Memorial Chapel and anew director of International House have been appointedthis fall.The Rev. John B. Thompson, nationally-known pastorof the First Presbyterian Church of Norman, Oklahoma,and associate professor of the philosophy of religion atthe University of Oklahoma, has been appointed deanof the Chapel. He succeeds Dean Charles W. Gilkeywho retired with emeritus status last July after serving.as dean of the Chapel for 19 years and as a religiousleader in the University community for 37 years.A frequent guest preacher at Riverside Church inNew York, the Rev. Mr. Thompson has been in greatdemand as a speaker for student conferences in theUnited States and Canada.He received his bach­elor of divinity degreemagna cum laude fromUnion Theological Sem­inary in New York in1932, and,. as the highest­ranking stu den twasawarded the Schoals fel­lowship for study abroadat the University ofEdinburgh. His bache­lor's degree was earnedcum laude from BeloitCollege in 1926.He is a past presidentRev. Thompson and a member of the ex-ecutive board of the Southern Conference for HumanWelfare, a charter member of the National Committeeto Abolish the Poll Tax, and a member of Phi BetaKappa, the American Association of University Profes­sors, and the Southwestern' Philosophical Association.Before going to the First Presbyterian Church at Nor­man in 1937, Dean Thompson was professor of philo­sophy and religion at the College of the Ozarks, directorof religious education at Fort George PresbyterianChurch ill NewYork and an assistant at Webb HortonMemorial Presbyterian Church ill Middletown, NewYork.Harry T. Fultz, '15, who recently returned to theUnited' States after spending four years with the StateDepartment and other U. S. governmental agencies inEurope and in the 'Middle East, has been appointed Di­rector of International House.A Hoozier, Fultz is a graduate of the University of 'Chicago and of Armour Institute of Technology. He1516 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHIC_AGO MAGAZINEhas been engaged in educational work or related activi­ties most of his life, He was a teacher in the publicschools of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for three years, andexcept for absence on military service with the A.E.F.from 1917 to 1919, he was a member �f the Universityof 'Chicago's School of Education faculty from 1912 to192:2.Following his association work with the University,Fultz went to Europe to organize and develop a na­tional vocational school and medical institute in Albania, -under the country's Ministry of Education. After hissecond return from abroad, Fultz was associated, in anadministrative capacity, until 1943 with various adulteducation programs for the state of Hlinolrs.Since 1944, Fultz has served as economic adviser andforeign service officer with the State Department andother U. S. governmental agencies in Europe and theMiddle . East.Baby businessChicago Lying-In Hospital's share of the country's1947 bumper crop-babies-hit a new high 'this lastfiscal year according to hospital authorities.Of the 4,108 babies born at Lying .. In Hospital andDispensary at the University of Chicago, 2,176 of themwere male, and 1,932 female. The boys ran away withthe record for the second consecutive year.The 1947 record of births tops the previous all-timehigh of 3,813 births in 1942-43 by almost 300. Includedamong the past year's babies were 54 sets of twins. Inits 52-year history, Chicago Lying-In Hospital has pre­sided over nearly 143,000 births.Or. McLaughlin diesDr. Andrew Cunningham Mcl.aughlin, - 86, Professor'Emeritus of History and Pulitzer-prize winner, died ofpneumonia at his home on September 24.Winner of the Pulitzer prize in history at 75, Dr. Me­Laughlin headed the University' of .Chicago's historydepartment for more than two decades and gained aposition of international eminence among historians.Following his first appointment as instructor in 1886,Dr. McLaughlin rose to full professorship in Americanhistory at 'Michigan in 189�, a position he held until hewas appointed' Professor and Department Chairman atthe University of Chicago in 1906. He remained Chair­man until 1927 and Professor until he he came emeritus in�929.Dr. McLaughlin was also Director of the Bureau ofHistorical Research of the Oarnegie Institution, Wash­ington' D. G., from 19G3 until 190'5 and successivelywas associate and managing editor of the AmericanHistorical Review between 1898 and 1905. His member­ships in learned societies included the. American Histor-'ical Association, of, which he was a former president,and the Massachusetts" Wisconsin, and Missouri his tor- ical societies. He also was a fellow in the Royal Histor­ical Society and a trustee of the Newberry Library._ Hereceived the Pulitzer prize in 1936 for his "ConstitutionalHistory of the United States."He was graduated from the University of Michiganin 1882 and was awarded the LL.B. degree in 1885 and'the Master's degree in 1896. The University of Michiganalso conferred an honorary LL.D. degree on him in 1912.IDr. McLaughlin is survivied by a son, Prof. JamesA. Mcf.aughlin of the Harvard law school, and threedaughters, Mrs. Donald R. Green, Washington, D. C.,consulting historian of the American Red Cross historydivision, Mrs. Elmer W. Donohue, Chicago; and Mrs.Rockwell R. Stephens, Cambridge, assistant professorof education at Wellesley College.Phys�icia;n to head Psychology staffDr. James G. Miller,chief of the clinical psy­chology section of theneuro - psychiatric divi-,sion of the Veterans Ad­ministration, Washing­ton, D. G., has been ap­pointed Chairman of theDepartment of Psychol­ogy. His appointment,effective January 1, 1948,carries the rank of Pro­fessor of Psychiatry andPsychology.A Captain in the medi- Dr .. Millercal corps of· the UnitedStates army, Dr. Miller served as a neuro-psychiatrist, as­sessing personalities of 'secret agents and other OSS per­sonnel both in the United States and in the EuropeanTheater from 1944 to 1946. -On his return from over­seas, he was appointed to the neuro-psychiatric divisionof the Veterans Administration where he set up a newprogram for training and using clinical psychologists aspart 'of the neuro-psychiatric team caring for veteranswith neuropsychiatric disabilities.At the University Dr. Miner and his department willconcentrate on research and the training of psychologistsin the basic fields of experimental, clinical and socialpsychology.Dr. Miller holds three degrees from Harvard Uni­versity. He was graduated summa cum laude in 1937and received his master's degree in psychology in 1938and his doctor of medicine degree 'cum laude in 1942.Before going into the service, he did his residency workin psychiatry at the Massachusetts General Hospitsj,taught psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School, andpsychology at Harvard and Radcliffe. He also gave theLowell lectures in Boston in 1944 on "The Psychologyof Reason and Belief."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE, Three down and one to golTo three dignitaries of the University, the way out ofStagg Field one day this autumn was as difficult as theway in when the University was secretly conductingatomic research for Unde Sam.The three-David Rockefeller, new Trustee revisit­ing the great institution -his grandfather founded, Presi­dent Ernest Cadman Colwell, and Vice-president Wen­dell R. Harrison-found themselves locked in the weststands following an inspection tour of the new Institutefor the Study of Metals.The gates at 57th street and Ellis were impregnable.The corner in which they stood was barred from the restof the field by a barbed wire fence. The outer worldwas shut out from them by a thick 15-foot wall. Theycould see n� one and they could hear nothing.President Colwell tried rousing help by pounding thewall with a rake he found in .the yard. Rockefeller, surethat the president's efforts were in vain, decided to at­tack the situation from another angle. He started toscale the wall.He was half-way up, climbing a 2-by-4 support thatran along the side when 'a Chinese student saunteredalong inside. "Please, what do you want?" he asked."Out," the president said tersely. The student-at­tendant nonchalantly unlocked the door-s-and Rocke­feller slid down the 2-by-4 ..Hutchi,ns in a hurryChristian civilization will have to christianize itself ina hurry if beggary and annihilation are to be forestalled,Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins declared.Writing on "1950" in Common Cause, first monthlyperiodical of the Committee to Frame A World Con­stitution, of which he is president, Mr. Hutchins stated:"If we wish to he saved, we shall have to practice jus­tice and love, practices that have long been commendedto us by the very highest authority. We' have at themost three years for our Christian civilization to dedicateitself to the proposition that men are men before theyare Englishmen, business men, workingmen, or Ameri­cans, and that all men are brothers, each charged withthe other's keep."The universal brotherhood which alone cam save usmust be sought under law, Hutchins wrote."Since the human community which must be estab­lished in short order will require law in addition to faithand education, it seems appropriate that the English andthe Americans, who live under democratic; law, shouldtry to discover the human law which will embrace andbind all the members of the human community."We of the Committee to Frame A Wo:dd Constitu­tion hope .to be ready long before 1950. We do notthink, of course, that our preliminary draft will be thelaw of the United World. We trust, nevertheless, thatthe tentative result of a collective effort of yearS' will 17not be in vain. The world at Jarge will have ampleoccasion to learn from our success and failures and toteach us 'and others. The federal convention will nothave to break through a wilderness of immature andcontradictory proposals. A pattern will he available. Wedo not think it will be adopted; we dare to hope thatit will not be ignored."Edited by G. A. Borgese, secretary of the Committeeand professor in the division of the humanities, CommonCause features analyses of constitutional and world gov­ernment problems and studies of contemporary affairs as•they affect the drive toward world government.Progress of the Committee, which proposed to presentits preliminary constitutional draft late this year, will bereported in subsequent issues of Common Cause. TheCommittee has held 12 meetings to date, and collectedmaterials and discussion for its own use in 140 papersand 11 stenotyped reports totaling over 4,000 pages.Reproduction at hilgh altitudesThe adverse affects which high-altitude had uponsheep in the high Andes of Peru has led to the under­taking of research on the effects of rarified atmosphereby the Department of Zoology.The experimental work, conducted in the RockyMountains, was directed by Carl R. Moore, chairman �fthe department, and Miss Dorothy Price, Assistant Pro­fessor of Zoology.The biological investigations, which may be of in­terest to mountain travelers and pilots, as well as toscientists and stock raisers, are devoted primarily to astudy of the effects of high altitude on reproduction,on the organs of internal secretions, and other fundamen­tal aspects of life processes in a rarified atmosphere.Four separate animal colonies, each consisting of morethan 200 white rats and a smaller number of guineapigs, hamsters, and mice, are maintained in the UnitedStates for the project at ascending heights above sealevel.The lowest and control station is located in the ZoologyBuilding of the University at an elevation of approxi­mately 600 feet. Gaining access to the Mt. Evanslaboratory, highest scientific laboratory in the UnitedStates, proved especially difficult this year because oflate and very heavy snowfalls in the mountains. At therequest of the University of Denver, the University ofChicago scientists, and investigators from other labora­tories desiring access to the rarified atmospheres, unusualmeasures were adopted. The state highway departmentunder the direction of Mark U. Watrous, chief highwayengineer, with the cooperation of the McKelvey Machin­ery Company of Denver, who donated the use of aspecial snow-removal equipment, were finally able toopen the 25--foot snow banks blocking the road andpermit the scientists to enter the laboratory on July 1.The main portion of the year's .work will be completedthis fall.'NEWS OF· THE CLASSES1890Andros Carson, MD Rush, of Des Moines,is 84 years of age and has been practic­ing for 57 years.1893Madeline Wallin, PhM, (Mrs. GeorgeSikes) writes from 102 Northwood Ave.,Peoria, that she is a much retired grand­mother living a part of the time in Texasand the rest in Illinois, watching theprogress of her grandchildren.1897Colonel Harry. D. Abells celebrated an­other fiftieth anniversary this fall and all- of Morgan Park Military Academy joined:a huge dinner. Harry went from the Mid--way to Morgan Park,' a University affiliate,to teach chemistry. He became principal-in 1907 and superintendent in 1918. Heretired in 1945 but retains an active andenthusiastic interest in "his" school.O. J. Arnold, for many years Presidentof Northwestern National Life insuranceCompany of Minneapolis, retired from thisoffice in September and was elected chair­man of the board.1898N. J. Lennes, SM '04, PhD '07� has beenretired for three years. He is ProfessorEmeritus of Mathematics, Montana StateUniversity and lives in Missoula. His daugh­ter, 'Nancy, '38, is married and lives atLong Beach, California.1900Carlotta H. Collins, retired from theEnglish staff and Head of the Departmentat the Lewis and Clark High School, Spo­kane, spent most of the past year travelingin' Arizona and California.1903The Harold Melzar Barnes (she was Jen­nie Hall) celebrated their 41st anniversarythis year. In fact, says Harold, this is the494th celebration in which they have hadpie for dinner. Mr. Barnes is now Di­rector -of Public Relations at San AngeloCollege, Texas.Helen M. Benney is President of theValparaiso (Ind.) Library Board and Pub­licity Chairman of the local A.A.U.W.Henry Smith, AM, PhD '07; retired fromthe faculty of Bluffton (Ohio) College,was honored last spring with a Litt.D. fromthat college.1904Ovid R. Sellers has completed a quarterof a century as Professor of Old Testamentat McCormick Theological. Seminary inChicago.'1905Alida J. BigeJow has retitled from theNational Red Cross Pacific Area after yearsin foreign service and at National Head­quarters. The past 12 years have beenspent in the Pacific A rea. Now she's goingto g-arden and travel.Alva J. Brasted continues his interesting. pastoral experiences. Early In the year heserved five months as interim pastor ofthe Glebe Baptist Church, Arlington, Vir­ginia. Last year,. for 42 weeks" he wasinterim pastor of the Congress Heights Bap­tist Church, Washington, D. C.Alonzo W. Fortune, DB, PhD '15, re­signed the pastorate of the Central Chris­tian Church at Lexington, Kentucky, threeyears ago because of failing eyesight. He.had served the church for more thantwenty years. Guy E. Killie is retmng from the gov­ernment service after thirty-five years ofcontinuous service.1906Alice M. Dougan retired from the edi­torship of the Readers' Guide to Period­ical Literature in April, 1946-a positionshe had held since 1924.Helen Gavin, AM '37, retired from thefaculty of the Wilson Branch of the Chi- .cago City College in January of this year.James Henry Larson is preaching inEast Orange, New Jersey. He moved fromNorthampton, Massachusetts, to New Yorkabout three years ago. He adds: "My great­est joy is to recall the classes in the OldTestament taught by Dr. William RaineyHarper."1907Adeline Meyer (MFS. G. M. Cook) isteaching in Jacksonville, Florida. Thesummer of 1946 she spent in Guatemalaand Mexico ana studying Spanish withProfessor Carillo. This past summer shemotored to Quebec.Niels P. Paulsen, MD Rush, practicedin Portland, Oregon, until 1917. Followingservice in the first War 'he located in Lo­gan, Utah, where he has practiced since.He has two sons, one in NorthwesternDental School and the other is a pre­medic at Utah State where he is an As­sistant Instructor in Chemistry. Dr. Paul­sen. is on the staff of St. Benedict Hospitalin Ogden.Dr. Thurston W. Weum was unable toattend his class reunion in june because ofa pulled tendon in his right arm whichnecessitated an operation. The doctor livesin Minneapolis.i19,08Geneva S. English writes from Spring­field, Missouri that, at 67, she is stillkeeping up with her civic, club, and churchactivities.Una M. Jones (Mrs. W. T. Nelson) is aninstructor at the American School (cor­respondence) at the edge of the quad­rangles-58th . and Drexel, teaching English.Her son, WHliam, '42, is at PennsylvaniaState as a research assistant in chemistry.1909WiUowdean Cha1Jterson (Mrs� E. S.Handy) is a member of the Board. ofRegents of the Universiry of Hawaii and aTrustee of the Hawaiian Historical Society.19i1!�OHerman J. Erhorn is working hard torelieve the national housing shortage bybuilding homes and selling real estate inOmaha.Frances Fenton, PhD (Mrs. E. A. Park).is a Consulting Psychologist in New YorkC� .Clarence Hamilton, PhI> '14, of theObertin College Iacutty, is spending thefall semester in Mexico to study the workof Protestant missions.Leverett Lyon, AM '19, PhD '21, ChiefExecutive Officer of the Chicago Associa­tion of Commerce, has recently been electedto the Board of Trustees of the Brookings'Institution, internationally known for itsstudies in government and economic prob­lems. Leverett was Executive Vice Presi­dent of the Institution before taking theChicago post. A. former member of theEconomics faculty on the Midway, LeverettLyon is now a trustee of Beloit College.18 Ella H. Stokes, PhD, retired two yearsago at the age of 82 after teaching for 56years-41 of which were in college workand all but one of these at William PennCollege, Oskaloosa, Iowa.1911Florence Catlin (Mrs. M. S. Brown)when she wrote in June, had just returnedfrom a freighter trip down the west COastof Mexico with side trips by plane. She'Was headed for the Paris. meeting of theInternational Congress of Business & Pro­fessional Women and planned to remainto visit other European countries. She willspend the pre-holiday season in the Eastvisiting Ernestine Evans, '12, in New Yorkand her son at the Naval Academy. Herdaughter and family are living in Mrs.Brown's Coronado, California home.S. Edwin Earle is in charge of the De­partment for Placement of Men in JObsa new department which he helped t�develop in the Zinser Personnel ServiceChicago. , 'Ceil Noll Griffis is editor and publisherof the Andean Air Mail and PeruVian. Times in Lima. Olive Bickell Griffis, 'IIis a volunteer teacher of reading and writ�ing to illiterates. She writes that Donaldis a Capt�in in. the l!.S.A.R. an.d managerof the AIr Mail ... TImes. DaVId, a Lieu­tenant in the U.S,A.R., is in the TrafficDivision of Pan American World AirwaysMiami, Florida. Jean is married and liv�ing in Lima.Charles C. Hillman, MD Rush, is Direc_tor of the Jackson Memorial Hospital inMiami. He was retired from the MedicalCorps with the rank of Brig. General.With the Illinois Congress of Parentsand Teachers, the University is co-sponsor_ing a parents education leadership COUrsewith Ethel Kawin, AM '25, as coordinatorMiss Kawin also directs the pre-school stUdycourse for the National Parent-TeacherMagazine, lectures at the University, and isDirector of Guidance for the Glencoe pub-C'ONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDAnONSWentworth 4422T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Ve:rnon Ave.$1inJlwaIJ-Chicago's OUfsfandingDRUG STORESTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19He gave me a $64 answer!I met this particular Major at "Willow Run" - thatgigantic officers' mess in the Grosvenor House hotelin London.He had just come back from duty in Germany, andwe happened to relax near the same sofa on the bal­cony lounge. After the usual Army talk, the conversa­tion sagged. To fill in, I asked him what he had donein civilian life.I expected a one-word reply - but I got a $64 answer."I started out as an accountant," the Major said."Worked at it for six years, but I was getting nowhere- and too slowly. So I decided I'd better dig in andfigure out the next move. Being the methodical type,I wrote down my specifications for the ideal job. Well,first I wanted to be my own boss and be able to knockoff for a little sailing or fishing when I felt like it.Then, I wanted my work to payoff to me in person.And I didn't want any slow moves up a ladder, or abusiness that needed a big investment to start."Doesn't that sound sort of impossible? But I stuckat it and checked off a long list of careers against myspecifications."Only one job promised to fill my bill. It was - to mycomplete surprise-life insurance. Now I had never sold anything, mind you, but if selling was the one way toa combination of freedom and income, I would cer­tainly try it. My company gave me a practical trainingcourse, and within a year I made just twice what Ifigured I'd be lucky to be making by that. time. Agood week of work meant good checks, and the re­newals made every week's work payoff for years after­wards':'_ something that's coming in mighty handyfor my family right now while I'm away. ."That's how I got what I wanted. But oddly enough,it was something I hadn't planned on at all that mademy job the best one in the world for me. It was theconviction that I was helping other people get whatthey wanted ... independence, security. Ifyou couldvisit just one of the families that are now living com­fortably because of the ]if� insurance I sold a youngfather, you'd know what I mean.". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .p. s, Perhaps the Major's story can answer some ofyour career questions. It is typical of many servicemen who are now back with New England Mutual.For more facts and figures, write Mr. H. C. Chaney,Director of AgenCies, New England Mutual LifeInsurance Co., 501 'Boylston St., Boston 17, Mass.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEASunclaeTreat lorAnY,D'oylSundaes and sodas are extra goodmade with Swift's Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy - smooth, soL.EI;GH'S·(S·ROCE.RY and MARKET13'21 East ·5Uh Sit,�eetIPhones: Hyde P:ar:k 9100-1-2DAWN' FRESH !FROSTED FOODS·1: CENTREllAFRUITS AND VEGETABL,ESWE DHIY.ERLA TOURAINECoffee Q:nd reaLa Toureine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther PIan'sBost�n - N.Y • ..:.. Phif. - Syrac.use - Cleveland"You Might As Well Have The Best"Telephone Haymarket 3120,i E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh, Fruits and Vegefabl,esDistributors 01C�DERGREEN. FROZEN' FRESH F,RUITS AND iVEGETABLES46.49 South Water MarketACME,SHE:ET META'L WO,R:KSI! AJNIMAt CAG'ES�'andlaboratory. Equipl'l1en�1121 East 55th Street.( .x .'Phone Hy,de Park 9500 lie schools along with other obligations.She is a member of the Alumni Founda­tion Board and it was no surprise to thosewho know her, that she was awarded an.Alumni- Citation last year.Frederick L. Morse IS retired from teach­ing and is living :in Anaconda, Montana.1912Loretta Brady, is on the French. andGerman faculty of Wright Junior College,Chicago.Theda Doniat was appointed by Gov­ernor Green jo the Auxiliary Board of theIllinois Children's Hospital School, Chi­cago.191'3Margaret V. Bingham (Mrs. _Martin T.Dreisbach) is a Home Economist in theBureau of Human Nutrition and HomeEconomics, U. S. Department of Agricul­ture. She is making school lunch manage­ment studies.Frank P. Catlin operates .Store Planners& Designers, Inc. at 1631 Washington, St.Louis.Arthur M. Gee, JD '15, is General Coun­sel and Director of the Ohio Oil Co. ofFindlay, Ohio.Stuart A. Prosser, who was manager ofthe Chicago office of Fahnestock & Co.before he entered service is now managerof Bache & Co., brokers, in Chicago. Dur­ing the War he was a major in the airforces.Augusta Anne Swawite has a record of24 years teaching physical education at6800 Stewart Avenue, Chicago, home ofClucago Teachers College and ,V,oodrowWilson Junior College'.191'4William B. Bosworth was recently electedSecretary of the Chicago Board ot Trade.Patty Newbold (Mrs. Waltter Heefner) isdoing substitute high school teaching. inNew York City which is helping mo puther three daughters through State TeachersColleges-and havimg a wonderful . time,she adds.19',15Helen Drew, AM (Mrs. Robert K. Rich­ardson), during the teaching .emergency,has been teaching two sections of FreshmanEnglish at Beloit College, where her hus­band is retiring as Professor of History.She has particularly enjoyed returning toteaching where the students are largelyveterans with something to write aboutin their themes!, I. J. Gaines, AM, has completed thirtyyears as teacher of Latin and Head of the. Department of Foreign Languages in theSavannah, Georgia, high schools.Daisy Kline,. AM (Mrs. P. R. Sturgeon),of Indianapolis, has retired from teachingafter 35 years but retains a keen interestin happenings on the Midway.Robert S. Kneeshaw, MD:, is living in SanJose, California, and recently returnedfrom a trip to Mexico.Kirtley F. Mather, PhD,. of Harvard,' wasExchange Lecturer from the American As­sociation for the Advancement of Scienceto the annual meeting of the British Asso­ciation for the Advancement of Science atDundee, Scotland, in late August., James H. Smith, AM '16, of Oshkosh,Wisconsin, has a son, James R., at theUniversity working toward his doctorate.Dorothea Washbume (Mrs. Herman J.Stegeman), who has lived in At hen s,Georgia, since 1919, was honored last falljust preceding the Ceorgia-Georgia Techgame' in Athens, when Georgia's huge newgymnasium was dedicated to her late hus- band, Herman Stegeman, '15-a .three-letterman at Chicago. Mr. Stegeman was Direc­tor of Athletics and Dean of Men at Georgiawhen he died in 1939. The three childrenare ,grown and married. John is a physi­cian and his twin sister IS married to aphysician. Marion, the youngest, is marriedto a former Marine Corps pilot after, her­self, serving in the WASP's.1916Luella Carter, AM, PhD '28, has retiredto her home town, Mansfield, Ohio, fromDoane College, Crete, Nebraska, where shewas on the Modem Language faculty.John Everett Gorden, PhD '21, MD Rush'24, lives in Wellesley, Massachusetts, andis Professor of Preventive Medicine andEpidemiology with the Harvard School ofPublic Health in Boston.The Chicago Title & Trust Co., movinginto larger quarters, announced a reor­g:wi;.;ation of top personnel. Appointed asenior vice president was Harold A. Moore,'15. Charles F. Grimes, '16, JD '19, wasadvanced in the law department to operat­ing vice president.Morris M. Leighton, PhD, and Mrs.Leighton of Urbana, Illinois, have two sonsentering graduate work in geology thisfall. Freeman Beach, the elder, has beenawarded a graduate assistantship at Cali­fornia Institute of Technology, and Morris,the second son, has been awarded theSalisbury fellowship at the University of.Chkago.Ivah May Lister (Mrs. Olaf Finstad)lives in Bison, S. D., where she has been(lclng some teaching during the shortageof teachers. In her family is a COckerspaniel who could .qualify for a Post cover.lCifa V. Mosser writes: "After a varied ex­perience as teacher, college professor, schoolexecutive, with some war work and his,torical research, I now, at seventy, am run­ning (? under low gear!) a 574 acre farm,raising corn, cotton, potatoes', hay, chickens,cats and prime lambs." Her address isMorrison, Tennessee,, Gifford Plume i's advertising sales man­azer for the magazine True. He lives inMamaroaek, New York, with his wife andson, Gifford, Jr., recently discharged fromthe Navy.Stanley D. Wilson, PhD, with his wife,arrived back at the university in Peiping,China "in the midst of the coldest winteron record. The -area," he continues, "hasbeen almost coal-less but the university isgradually getting habilitated from the ef­fects of the Japanese occupation."1917Florence Olive Austin, MD '18, haspassed the American Board of Psychiatryand Neurology examinations and is now afull grade physician for the Veterans Ad.ministration in Los Angeles.Lucile S. Blachly, MD Rush, is with theBoneSe Joint Hospital and McBride Clinic,Section on Arthritis in Oklahoma' City.She is doing special work in nutrition,Howard T. Hill, In, on the faculty ofKansas State College, Manhattan, was re­cently elected Chairman of the Y.M.C.A.Board of Trustees on the campus.1'91'8William Long Dowler, AM, is now Pastorof the First United Lutheran Church atWest Palm Beach, Florida.191!9Martin H. Bickham, AM, PhD '22, ofWilmette, was recently appointed Chair­man of the Illinois Inter-racial Commissionby Governor Green, JD '22.THE UN I V E R SIT Y 0 F CHI C AGO M'A G A Z I N EWilliam G. Butts, JD, is Chief of theRates Branch of the Federal Communica­tions Commission (Accounting; Statisticalarid Tariff Department) .in Washington,D.C.Regina Helm, AM (Mrs. Glenn K. Kelly),is the school. secretary in the system whereher husband, AM '28, is Superintendent ofSchools in Fennville, Michigan.The Reverend George B. Pence, who tookwork at Chicago around 1919, was honoredwith a Doctor of Divinity degree from hisformer college. Hanover, in Indiana atthe spring commencement.1920John H. Bass, JD, has been appointedattorney in charge of the Chicago office ofthe Federal Trade Commission.Mrs. Carol M. Blough, AM, is Instructorof Mathematics at Kansas State College,Manhattan.Walter A. Bowers has been appointedPresident of Utopia College, Eureka, Kan­sas. The College, founded by Roger Bab­son, opened on October I of this year andwill eventually be the center of all Bab­son schools.Your test-tardy editor should have an­nounced last January the' publishing of"A Functional Approach to Religious Edu­cation" by Ernest J. Chave, AM, PhD '2.4.F. A. G. Cowper, PhD, of the Duke Uni­versity faculty, sailed for France on June16 on a Carnegie-Duke Research Grant.He returned in August.DeWitt S. Crow, JD, former President ofthe Springfield (IllinOIS) Chic�go Club �ndalways active on our Alumn� Foundationorganization, was elected a Judge of the'Seventh Judicial Circuit until 1951.John O. Eagleson, who did graduatework at Chicago, was called back from re­tirement during the teacher shortage tobe principal of a township high school inOhio. He is living in Circleville, where heis a member of the board of education andclerk of the board.Gertrude B. Jayne has been appointeddirector of the Metropolitan Services De­partment of the Y.W.C.A. in Chicago"Paul W. Terry, PhD, of the Universityof Alabama, was co-editor of "A Study ofStillman Institute, a Junior College forNegroes."Henry Warren, who was graduated fromDeKalb Normal in 1903 before coming toChicago, retired from teaching a�d is liv­ing in a rural home near Frankhn Grove,Illinois.1921Homer Blough, AM, BD '22, is workingwith the on-the-job' training program ofthe Veterans Administration in the NewYork office.David W. Hensinkveld, MD Rush '24,is President of the Cincinnati Academy ofMedicine and the Cincinnati Anti-Tuber­culosis League.What's Pasadena got to offer that youcan't get as much of in Gali?n,. Ohio?Louise H. John, of the latter CIty IS past87 and headed toward 100.John J. Meade,. of Scarsdale, is Directorof Public and Industrial Relations for theEagle Pencil Co. From 1942 to 1945 �eheld a similar position with the Bell All'­craft of Buffalo. In 1945 he was Advisorto the Employer Delegate of the U � S. dele­gation at the International Labor. Confer­ence in Paris and again at Montreal in1946.Isaac Schowe, PhD '31, of Chicago i,sAssociate Dean in charge of Postgraduate Studies at the College of Dentistry, Uni­versity of Iltmois.Norma K. Stelford is Assistant Professorof Mathematics at the State Teachers Col­'lege, DeKafb, Illinois._1922J. W. Clarsen, Jr., AM, PhcD '28:' of theCollege of Education, University of Ari­zona, wrote recently, in reply to a request'for news: "My chief extracurricular workis preparing for retirement."Ellen M. Geyer, who did graduate workon the Midway, is Professor of English atthe University of Pittsburgh.Alger D. Goldfarb is President of theMetal and Glass Products Co., Chicago.Mrs. Goldfarb passed away in May. Shehad been an officer in the Company andRecording Secretary of Blind Service As­seciation.Nannene Gowdy is Technical Editor '0£Textile Book Publishers iJn New YorkCity.Dell Henry, MD '36, is active in localand state medical affairs, teaches at theUniversity of Mi'chigan, and practices medi­cine, specializing: in anergic diseases.Samuel L. Perzik, MD '25, is specializingin tumor surgery in Los Angeles .•Ruth R. Pearson, PhD '31 (Mrs. M. A.Koshuk) is enjoying her work as ChildCare Direceer with the Bellflower Schoo!Distrjct, Bellflower, California,Riley F. Thomas, MD '32, who did specialstudies on Internal Medicine for an SM atthe University of Illinois in 1942., is a fulltime member 6£ the Howard UniversitySchool of Medicine in WashingtoJil, I). C.1923Edna M. Clark, AM, who taught Englisheight years at 'Texas Stare College: forWomen, s-pent two years in Chicago'S grad­uate school, one in newspaper work, is nowTreasurer of Smith County, Kansas, whilekeeping house for her father in SmithCenter. .-Margaret Eulass (Mrs. James E. Macklin)has made a couple of trips as stewardess on'Arm)' Transports and was leaving on herthird when she wrote in late June. Hertwo sons are attending West Point.Cha.rle� D. Eaves, AM, has .. lust returnedfrom the Army. School in Osaka, Japan,and resumed his position as Professor ofHistory at Texas Technological College,Lubbock.Glenn A. Evans, AM, is on the facuhvof Joliet Township High School andJunior College.Mary Fischer, AM '38 (Mrs. W. S. Rob­erts), of Palos Park is looking forwardto celebrating tW(D reunions on the quad­rangles next year: her twenty-fifth for herbachelor's and .her tenth for her Master's.Dorothy Judd, daughter of our lateCharles H. Judd of the Department ofEducation, is the wife of Robert Sickelsand lives in Keene Valley, New York. Shewrites that her son, Robert Judd, a stu­dent in' our College, insists no place canhold a candle to the University-unquote.J0hn A. Larson has left the publicschools of Little Rock after 3'5 years tobecome President of the Little RockJunior College. The college has grown toover a thousand students.Robert V. Merrill, PhD, who last vearresigned from the faculty to become Pro­fessor of French at U.C.L.A., has been ap­pointed Chairman of the French Depart­ment at that tmiversity,. His new dutiesprevented Mr. and Mrs. Merrill fromspending the summer in their New Englandsummer home as they had planned. 21Since '885ALBERT'Teachers' AgencyThe .best i'n pl'ac.ement service for U'n,iversity,! CoUege, Secondary and Elementa.ry. Naf.ion.­wide patrona.ge. Ca·11 or wfite us at25 E. Jackson Blvd.Chicago 4, IllinoisAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARiDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated witb the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers ,aUthe' educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administrators, as well as of teachers,CLARK·BREWERTea.chers Agelilcy66th Year 'Nationwide ServiceFive Offices-ORe F�e,64 E� Jackson Blvd.. Chicag�oMinne.apolis-Kansa8 City, Mo.,Spokane-New YorkSTENOTYPY: Learn new, speedy machine aborthand, Le ..! effort, no cramped fingers, or nerveus fa,tigue ... AlIso otaer coursea: Typing', Bookkeeping,Com'ptometfY, etc. Day or' evening. Visit·,Wf'ite or' piton. for dall.l.Bry:!!t&�::tton18 S" MI:chlgan Ave. T,.I .. RMdolph. 1575MACCO:R:MAC,Sch,ool of Com,m,erceEstablished J 904Acceunflnq, BookkeepingI Shcrthand, Stenotypy, TypingMorning, Afternoon end Eveni:n9CI'asses - Home Study InstructionB�LlETIN ,FREE ON REQUESTAsic about G. t. Trai�in9'Visit, phone or write1170 E. 63d St.Near Woodlawn TelephoneBulterfield 6363S.ARGENT·S, D,RUG S,TO:REAn Ethical Drug' Sto.re for 95 YearsChico,go's most completeprescrip,fioiJ dock'. 2].'iN. Wabash Avenue"=: l:. "Chicago. Illi,nois22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERICHARD.H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING.1331W. Jackson BI,vd. TelephoneMonroe' 3192GEO'RGE ERHARDTand SONS, In,e.Pa:i:ntin·g-Decorating__;Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186TuckerDecorating. Servic'e1360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway 4404�Iacltstont jIluorating�trbict .Phone Pullman 9170'•HOWARO F. NOLANPLASTERING., BR'ICKandCEMENT WORKREPAUUNG A SPEC!IALT'(5341 ·S. Lake Park A'f'el•T.I •. phon .• 'Dorc'h.at., 1579Si'n'ce J 878.HANNIBAL" INC.Upholders,F'u,rnifure Repo;r;,n.g1919 N., Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180ASHJIAN BROS., Inc·.EaTABLllttED '1'821Orien tal and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and RE,PAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000 1924Margare( Ann Aitken, AM (Mrs. WilliamIrion), has recently moved to Sterling,Ilhnois, where she is living quietly, catchingup OR reading, mending, etc., after 25years as a school teacher and several yearsas a social worker.Claire S. Brereton has been with theDepartment of Employment for Californi.asince February, 1945. At present he ISUnemployment Insurance Examiner at thePasadena office.Clarence C. Clark, AM, is Vice Chairmanof the General Course Group, School ofCommerce, New York University. He hasbeen giving some educational televisionprograms over WABD.Lacey L. Leftwich, AM, DB '25, PhD '42.,is a member of the Christian Mission ofthe Federal Council of Churches at Beth­any College, West Virginia, and the Uni­versity of Kansas at Lawrence.Mabel L. Staudinger, AM '.25, PhD '46,.resigned from the Northwestern Universieystaff to become Associate Professor of Span­ish and Chairman of the Spanish Depart­ment of Rockford College (Illinois). Shewas also Director of Rockford SummerSchool in Mexico,Maud L. Sippy (Mrs. Thomas R. King)is living in Evansto�, Illinois, and. h�rgreatest interest outside of her family ISthe Mary Bartelme Club which ,g_ives careand training in normal home environmentto small groups qf- adolescent . girls withbehavior problems. She has served on theboard for over .ten years and is presidentof the Evanston .Senior Auxiliary.Glenn Stiles, AM (Mrs.LoriFl B. Alford),of Oxnard, California, is Vice President ofthe Ventura County American Associationof University Women.Edwin F. Sanders, who did his under­graduate work at Bel-oit an� graduate workat Chicago in the t�entles has reoe�tlypublished a text for high schools: PracticalBiology.' ..'..Adelaide P. Taylor began worik:1ng IIIUniversity offices during h.er stud��t days,remaining to take a full time POSItion andfinally becoming a purchaser i� ou� Pur­chasing Department. Suddenly, m mid-day,she has decided that (he Hfe of a purchaseris too short and worrisome. So she madeher final big purchase-ten acres, house,garden, fruit and mountains, at Rogers,Arkansas, a place she fell in love with ona trip, and has retired to enjoy life.'1925Carter V. Good, PhD, former facultymember, has been chosen Dean of theTeachers College at the University ofCincinnati. He has been a Professor in theDepartment of Education there since 1930,and succeeds L. A. Pechstein, PhD '16, whohas retired.Ralph W. Martin is Secretary ?f theChicago Real Estate Board. He lives at1400 Hinman Avenue, Evanston.Watt Stewart, AM, PhD '28, has beenspending a sabbatical year traveling anddoing research in Mexico, Central Amer­ica, and Peru. He is on the. faculty ofState College for Teachers at Albany,New York ..Leonard Shpiner, who really got an edu­cation at Chicago with a degree every al­ternating year: '25, SM '27, PhD '29, MD'31, was released from Service in April,1946 and is practicing internal medicinein Kankakee.Richard V. Slaker, Director of SalesPromotion and Advertising at the BostonStore, Chicago, has resigned to become as- socia ted with Sears, Roebuck & Co. inAtlanta.1926Carlile. Bolton-Smith, JD, is AssociateSolicitor of the Department of Commerce.There are four children, two boys 14 and9; and twin girls, 6.Edwin T. Hellebrandt has been ap­pointed Chairman of the Department ofEconomics at Ohio University in Athens.Aaren J. Kraft is employed by the U. S.Gypsum Office as a salesman in Milwau­kee, Wisconsin.- Gustav Mietke, AM, who teaches foreignlanguages at Austin High School, Chicago,spent his vacation a year ago in Mexicoand Central America, with his wife anddaughter, Louise.Francis W. Porro, MD '29, is a Patholo_gist in the Veterans Hospital at Waco,Texas. .Vera L. Smith has been with the WorldBook Encyclopedia for eigh teen years. Sheis Secretary to the General Sales Managerin charge of correspondence with sales­people over a large section of the U. S.Her headquarters are at 35 E. WackerDrive, Chicago.Kathryn .A. Tissue, SM, formerly Assist­ant Professor of Home Economics, Univer­sity of Kansas', is now Associate Professnj­of Nutrition in the School of Home Eco­nomics at Alabama Polytechnic Institute,Auburn, Alabama.Helen Wooding,· AM '27 (Mrs. WilliamSihler), announces that the family, inclu.j.ing two sons, is together again and livingat the Naval Station in New Orleans.1927Lawrence W. Hartel, who took gradu­ate work at Chicago, is on the physics andmathematics faculty of Lambuth College,Jackson, Tennessee. He formerly taughtphysics at Joplin (Missouri) Junior Col-lege. .'Lionel B. Hakes is Chicago Zone Man­ager of the Nash Motors Division of theNash-Kelvinator Corporation.Paul M. McCracken, AM, received thehonorary degree of LLD at Phillips Uni­versity, Enid, Oklahoma, last May. Bedelivered the commencement address .. Mr.McCracken is National Executive ,secre­tary of Phi Delta Kappa, and was researrj,secretary in the University of Chicago­Laboratory Schools from 1922-28.192'8Mary jane Brumley, AM, is a free-lancewriter in Washington, D. C.Harwood L. Childs, PhD, is a Professorof Politics at Princeton University in NewJersey. ,James L. Garard was recently re-electedPresident of the Western Golf Association.After ten years in Washington, where herhusband was with the F.B.I., Helen R.Laughlin has moved to Oak Park, IllinOis,where Mr. Laughlin is head of the Thorn,bred Racing Protection Bureau in Chicago.They left their furnished home in Wash­ington to their ex-Marine son, recently re-turned from China, and his bride..Margaret Moore, AM, PhD '41, startedthe fall term as a member of the faculty ofMacMurray College in Jacksonville, Illinois.Melvin .I. Pinner is employed as a con­troller at the Illinois Gage Company inChicago.Stanley Young, playwright, and his at­tractive wife, Nancy Ross, author of "TheLeft Hand is the Dreamer," were featuredin a full page story in the New York Postlast summer. Accompanying pictures wereTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEat their home on Long Island. Stanley hasjust written "The Big People" (satire) tobe produced by Theatre, Inc.1929Hildegarde Crosby is a Ceramist in Chi­cago.After four years in Service, Joseph N.Epstin, MD, has returned to private prac­tice in Philadelphia.Wm. Carter Fairbrother, MD, is a Physi­cian and Surgeon in Los Angeles. .'Samuel A. Kirk, SM '31, director of Edu­cation for Exceptional Children in Milwau­kee State Teachers College, has been namedprofessor in the University of Illinois Col­Jege of Education.After four years of government service,George E. Leonard; JD, has returned toprivate practice with offices at 231 SouthLaSalle Street in Chicago.Robert H. Marquis, PhD, was recentlynamed Chairman of the Department ofMathematks at Ohio University, Athens.After teaching at Chicago's KenwoodElementary School for fourteen years,Ethel L. Nelson is now teaching biologyat Tilden Technical High School.Marjorie Niehaus (Mrs. B. J. Maxwell)lives in Tipton, Iowa, where her husbandis county attorney. They have two boysand a girl. They are already making plansfor one of the boys to attend Chicago infive years. 'James M. Stickney, MD '34, is Consultantin Medicine at the 'Mayo Clinic in Roches­ter and Assistant Professor of Medicine atthe University of Minnesota. There arefour daughters in the Stickney family. .Olga A. Tildes is the author' of 'TheArt of Communion," and co-author of"The. Silver Cord." Both are on psychicscience. They are published by the Christo­pher Publishing House, Boston. Miss, Tildeslives in Lakewood, Ohio.The best news, according to Leila Whit­ney (Mrs. Nicoll F. Galbraith), is that sonNicoll, Jr., entered Chicago this fall. Colo­nel Nicoll F. Galbraith '33, was a BataanP.O.W. during the war [Magazine, October,1945] but the family is now living at FortSam Houston.1930Myrtle J. Brannon, AM (Mrs. Lewis J.Ferrell) has been elected President of theWashington State Division of the AmericanAssociation of University Women for1947-49. /.Stanley G. Dulsky, SM '31, PhD '34, isnow Chief of Staff of the Chicago Psycho­logical Institute.May Happy Friend (Mrs. A. V. Good­man) of Davenport, Iowa, is a member ofthe Executive Board of the National Fed­eration of Temple Sisterhoods.Bob Hancock is with the Magnolia Pe­t roleum Company in Oklahoma City' as aGeologist.Pauline Henderson, AM, at Kamas SlateTeachers College in Emporia, attended Co­lumbia University after receiving her A.M.from Chicago where she also taught "Com­munication Skills" to students needingadditional English in their college work.John C. Hoshauer, SM, is teaching Math­ematics at the Slate Teachers College inEdinboro, Pennsylvania. He is also Headof the Department.David X. Klein is living in Andover,Massachusetts, and i� currently in margeof - research for the Askinook Corporation,a textile printing and finishing company,with laboratories located at Lawrence,Mass. Arthur F. Otte is working as a commer-cial artist in Chicago. 'Ernest S. Olson, MD, is Head Patholo­gist at the U. S. Veterans Hospital in Bronx,New York ..Richard L. Woolbert, AM, is AssistantProfessor Sociology at Whitman College,Walla Walla, Washington.Mrs. Edward O. Arregger (Helen L.Younggren AM) is a Child Welfare Workerin Blue River, Oregon.1931Catharine Boyd Calhoun, AM, of Green­ville, S. C., squanders. no words: "I teach.I grade term papers. Nonews."Helen M. Cavanagh, AM, PhD '38, is aProfessor at the Normal University in Nor­mal, Illinois.Glen O. Emick, AM, is Dean of the Ex­tension Section at the AAF, Institute ofTechnology, Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio.George W. Friede, JD" is back in gen­eraf practice of law in Portland, Oregon,after 4Y2 years in the Army, including overtwo years overseas, ending in Germany asPresiding Judge of the Intermediate .Mili­tary Court of Wuertemberg (fOF Germans,and displaced persons). ,Richard M. Kain, AM, PhD '34, on theEnglish faculty of the University of Louis­ville, published "Fabulous Voyager," TheWorld of Ulysses, last February. It hasreceived flattering and wide acceptance,including complimentary reviews fromTime to the weekly books 'sections of theRation. The book ($4.00) was publishedby our University Press.Harry P�IDIer Gordon is the Sales Man­ager fOF the Gabrio Realty Co. of Burbank,California selling real estate in the Sanfernando Valley, "the fastest growing sec­tion in the U. S."Karla Landau is head of the foreignlanguage department at the North ShoreCountry Day School in Winnetka, Illinois.Minnie E. Larson, AM, is teaching andsupervising art at the Nebraska StateTeachers College in' Kearney.Samuel J. Nichamin, MD, is .practicingmedicine in Detroit,' Michigan, after his.discharge from service.. Simon, Pollack, MI) '36, is a Radiologistin St. John's Hospital at Tulsa, Oklahoma.Raymond W .. Porter, PhD, is AssociateProfessor of Education, Psychology, andPhilosophy in the Xavier University Gradu­ate School in Cincinnati.Here's a cordial note from Eugenia Shep­perd, AM:, "Permanent address: Av. Juarez129', Tlalpan, D.F., Mexico, a 200-year-oldhouse (modernized) in this charming' sub­urb of Mexico City where, in associationwith one of Mexico's leading educators,we're preparing material for their elemen­tary schools, and where we'll be delightedto welcome all Chicago gllests."1932After serving as Resident Professor atthe National War College in Washingtonduring its first term of operations (Scp.­Dec. 1946), Bernard. Brodie, PhD, '40, re­turned to Yale where he is Associate Pro­Iessof of International Relations. He writesthat Mrs. Brodie (Fawn McKay, AM '36)is working on her second book and sincelast year has had a second son.Robert C. COlwell is an Economist at theVeterans' Administration, Loan GuaranteeService in Washing>ton, D. C. .G. H. Daron, PhD, is Associate Professorof Anatomy at the Oklahoma 'UniversitySchool of Medicine in Oklahoma City.Mrs. Sarah MODIent Eigen lives in Ar­Iington. Virginia. where she is active incivic affairs, particularly the local schools. TELEPHONE HA YMARKE:T 45660' ClLLAGHAN RHOS.21 SOUTH GREEN ST.A. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave.4·10 West Ilith St. Vin 9'000 .Puli 0034;PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valv'8s, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE11545 E. 63RD STREETFAIRFAX 0330.0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE] 545 EAST 63RD STREETtPhones Oa,k'land 0690-0691-0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies :Ior All Purpose.4508 Cottage Grove AvenuePhone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CUR,RANRoofi'ng & Insulati,o'n,Leak. RepairedFree E'dimate.FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Benn-ett St.t,4gkUitHNt�'l!CrR'CA1 SUPPlY CO.DI$lrlbulors. Manulatlurers and Jobbers 01ELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - Englewood 7500. BEST BOILER REPAIR & 'WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICEIJCENSED .. BONDEDINSUREDQUAJJFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave •• Chicago24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEEASTMAN COAL CO.EstebHshed '1902YARDS ALL OVEiR TOWNG,ENERAIL OFFICES342 :N •. 'Oakl.ey Blvd:.Telephone Seale'y' 448'8W,as:so·n-Pocahontas.Coel CO.6876 South Chiceqo Ave.Phones: Wentwortih 8620-1-2-,3-4WOllon's Coal Makes Good-or­I W'8l1on D08s,3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERS iSince I920 i1442 and 1331 E'. 57th;cl, � •,EVEN liNG GOW,NS: AN,D 'FO,RM!A'L'SA SPEC'IALTYMidwaY8�� • We caUjor'and deliver'-----3 HOU1R SEiRV,I,CEBIRCK-.FELUNGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone! Went. 5380----------------.-1 IA'uto '. Lii'vezy__ tQuie':, unobtrusive serviceWhen. you w'onl iI, as you wont "CAU ANi E:MEIRY FIRSTEmery Drexe'l Livery, Inc.5516 Harp:er Avenu:e',FAIR,FAX 6400 Corinne M. Fitzpatrick was .recently ap­pointed Historian for the Fourth Air Forceat Hamilton Field, California. She wastrained by our Geography Department in1942 to make government Army maps, sta­tioned in Washington, D. C. ·Since V-EDay, Miss Fitzpatrick has been writing his­tory and doiag scientific research for theWar Department.M,iJicent Louise Hathaway, Ph'D:, nutri­tion specialist in the Bureau of Home Nu­trition and Home Economics, Departmentof Agriculture, W�shing.ton, D. C., has beenawarded the Borden medal including' $1,000in recognition of her outstanding nutri­tional research. Her present problem is thenutritional status of school children. MissHathaway is noted fer her research in bio­chemistry on which she has been workingsince receiving. her doctorate. Before mov­ing to Washington she was at the NewYork State College of Home Economicsat Comell.Helen Hunscher, PhD (Mrs. H. P. Wil­kinson), head of the Department of HomeEconomics at Western Reserve Universi<ty,Cleveland, has been elected President ofthe American Dietetic Association for1947-48.Gertrude L. Leitzbach (Mrs. Robert A.Finney) keeps busy with three children,playing the church pipe organ, .and sen­ing as treasurer for the public library inHumboldt, Kansas. Her husband is Secre­tary and General Manager of the HumboldtBrick and Tile Co.: breeds Angus cattle:and is a member of the Board of the Cham­ber of Commerce.Charlotte F. Morehouse, AM '34 (Mrs.Howard E.· Duesing), lives in Memphis. Mr..Duesing is District Sales Promotion Man­ager for Sears Roebuck & Co. They havetwo children: William, 5.; and Alice Ann, 3.Armistead S. Pride" AM, is Dean and fuUProfessor at the School of Journalism, Lin.coln University, Jefferson City, Missouri.He has been awarded a $3,000 Fellowsbipby the American Council of Learned So­cieties for stud'y toward a doctorate inEnglish and Journalism.Paul Stagg, coach and physical educationinstructor at Worcester Polytechnic Insti­tute since 1941, pas crossed the continent tobecome Head Coach and Director of Phys­ical Education at Pacific University, ForestGrove, Oregon. Walter C. Giersbach, PhD'33, is President of the university.Edward H. Wagenaar, MD, is practicingpediatrics in Muskegon, Michigan.Edward J. Webster, PhD, is Professor ofEconomics at the American InternationalCollege in Springfield, Massachusetts.Lawrence J. Scnmid,t and {am.ity (FeliceBarrett, '29; Peter, 9, and Norma, 7), havemoved from Knoxville, Hlinrois to Rockford,where Lawrence is Director 'of Industrialand Public Relations for Creerrlee Brothersand Company.' Many will remember Law­renee from the days whet} he W<I;S Secretaryto President Hutchins while Felice wasSecretarv to Vice President WObdwar:d.Ray D. Vane is sales manager of theSteinen Cutlery Company in Los AngeLes.Mrs. Vane was Marjorie Cahill, '31.. Amy,their daughter, is e�ght. The Vanes Hveat 22.78 N. Holliston Avenue, Altadena,California.Mary S. Waller teaches the' History ofMusk and French diction for voice stu­dents at Ma.cMurray College, Jacksonville,Illinois. From 1938 to 1940 she taught atInternational School, Geneva, Switzerland.She reports that Helen Mary Brown, '3,5,MD '49, and husband Richard W. Trotter, '36, MD '40, have a son a year old. Theynow live in LaMesa, California. Mrs. Trot­ter, a pediatrician, roomed at the FrenchHouse with Miss Waller in their under­graduate days.Christine Westgate, SM, is teachingmathematics and astronomy at the Uni­versity of North Dakota. Her address is1025 Hili Avenue, Grafton, N. D.Dorrance .S., White, PhD, of Iowa City,Iowa, was elected President of the ClassicalAssociation of the Middle Western andSouth at the 43rd Annual Conference heldill" Nashville, Tennessee, early in April.193.3Jorgen M. Birkeland, PhD, is Professor ofBacteriology at Ohio State University, andthe father of two boys- Jorgen, 13, andEric, 8.Albert B. Blumenthal, PhD, joined theBradley University staff in September asAssistant Professor in Sociology. Blurnejj ,thal, author of "Small-Town Stuff" taughtat Dartmouth before the' war, and since)943 has been on the staff of U .C.L.A. whiledoing social work in the Los Angeles area.Daniel M. Dribin, SM '34, PhD '36, is aResearch Analyst with the Army SecurityAgency at Washington, D. C. He is cont injj',i.ng his teaching career teaching mathe_maries in the evening at George Washing_. ton University.Viola M. DuFrain, PhD '44, has been ap,pointed Associate Professor of Business atthe Southern Illinois Normal University inCarbondale. .Marjorie M. Helm, AM, is librarian ofWest�m Kentucky State Teachers College,Bowling- Green, Kentucky, and chairmanof the State Board for the Certification ofLibrarians.Gustav E. Johnson, PhD '40, is Dean ofMen and Associate Professor of History atBeloit College.Sydney H. Kasper, who was in publicrelations for the Government during theWaF followed by directing the Public Re­lations Division of the National HousingAgency, has now joined the staff of TheMitchell Mckeown Organization-publicrelations-in Chicago.Ralph M. Perry, AM '37, has been ap­pointed Associate Professor of French atHarris Teachers College in St. Louis, Mis­souri.V. Rev. Harold 'W. Rigney, S.V.D., SM'33, PhD '37, became a member of thestaff of Catholic University, Peiping, China,in June, 1946, where he was appointedRector the following month. His adminis­trative duties have been heavy since then.Vivian M. Roberts, AM, PhD '42, is Di­rector of Home Economics at Ohio Uni­versity, Athens.Charles A. Washer, Jr., JD, who prac­ticed law before he entered service is nowemployed as an Air Co-ordinator at theTerminal Freight Handling Company inChicago.Marvin W .• Webb is Chief of AdvisoryGuidance at the Veterans Hospital in Pass­A-Grille Beach, Flori.da.Jane M. Allison has been with the Officeof University Examiner since 19M with atwo-year time out during the War Whenshe was with the War Department.. With no time for hobbies Violette Bur.statte teaches the third grade in MelrosePark. Added to these duties she is anofficer in most every civic activity: P.T .A.,A.A.U.W., Teachers' Credit Union, etc.Summers are light enough so she can dograduate work in English at Northwesternwhile serving as an assistant librarian.THE 'UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGA.ZINEOn the top floor of City Han Tower inLos Angeles are two Superior Court roomsboth presided over by Chicago men: Stan­ley Mosk, '33, and W _ Tumey Fox, JD '20.Louis B. Newman, MD Rush, a Com­mander in the Navy Medical Corps during,the War, is Chief of the Medical Rehabilita­tion Service at the Hines Veteran Hospitaland a member of the N orthwestern MedicalSchool staff in the Department of PhysicalMedicine.Frank G. Ward, PhD, is a ConstructionEngineer with the District Engineer, Corpsof Engineers, U .. S. Army, Okinawa Engi­neer District, APO 331-3 €/0 P.M. SanFrancisco; He is building roads, airports,and housing for the occupation forces. Hereports.jhat Okinawa, though a good dealof a shambles, is "really a delightful spot."Livia Youngquist (Mrs. Carl Peterson)of Winnetka, is the co-author of a juvenjlebook, Fair Wind, published by Wilcox &.Follett last February.Erik Wahlgren, PhD '38, is Professor ofScandinavian languages at U.C.L.A. He isnow on sabbatical leave, and is doing re­search in Icelandic philology in Sweden.He is the son of Oscar G. WahJgren, 'O�·.1934s. Orville Baker, AM '35, is AssistantProfessor English at Simons College, Boston.Fred T. Barrett, JD, is an attorney withthe Cudahy Packing Company in Chicago.Norbert C. Barwasser, MD Rush, special­izes in dermatology in Davenport and Mo­line. At the Illinois State Medical Societyin May he gave a paper �:m "The PresentStatus of Penicillin in Dermatology."Herbert E. Gramont has been appointedInstructor of Humanities and Fine Arts atthe Wright junior College in Chicago.L. Lee Hasenbush was out of the Navyin September, 1946. He is now Instructorin Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School andAssociate in Psychiatry, Beth Israel Hospi­tal, Boston. He also has a private practice.He has two sons: Joseph, 3%, and Henry, 2.William C. Korfacher, PhD, is Professorof Classical Languages and Director of theDepartment at Saint Louis University. Heis Treasurer of. the Classical Association of .the Middle West and South and ExecutiveSecretary and Editor for Eta Sigma Phi,national honorary classical fraternity ..Stewart W. Matson is an Instructor inMathematics at the San.Diego State College.John G. Nardin is both a teacher andstudent at the University of Arkansas inFayetteville.John G. Neukom heads the San Franciscooffice of McKinzie . & Co. (Business Engi­neering). Mrs. .Neukom was Ruth Horlick,'36. They live at 460 Edgewood Road, SanMateo.Wilma V. Reed, SM, is Head of theHome Economics Department of Thornton. Township High School, Harvey, Illinois.Raymond H. Taylor, who did graduatework at Chicago, is Manager of the RedCross Chapter in Colorado Springs, Colo­rado.Harley P., Tripp, PhD, has been appoint­ed Professor of Chemistry at the Universityof Mississippi in University. '\Harvey O. Werner, PhD, has compiled acomprehensive 180 pages on "CommercialPotato Production in Nebraska.':" It coversall phases of the' modern methods of pro­ducing potatoes and represents the findingsfrom 25 years of research of the NebraskaExperimental Station workers.Edgar W. MaTtin, AM, PhD ''''2 is Asso­elateResearch Analyst with the New YorkState Executive Bureau of the. Budget inAlbany. Mrs. Mal'gal"et Care Mayer. Oakes ofFonda, Iowa, who took work in Divinityin the early thirties, reports that her twosons are doing graduate work at Chicago:Thomas, '33, in Oriental History and Wil­liam, '42, in AnthropOlogy.James Kenneth Mulligan, AM '37, is Dis­trict Civilian Personnel Director for theFirst Naval District (New England) withheadquarters in Boston. The family, in­cluding three girls, live in Wakefield, Massa­chusetts" Ken's brother, Don, has been at­teading Chicago where Kenneth assumesthe three girls will eventually "end up."Richard A. Nuzum, AM, is Principal of'the Froebel School in Gary, Indiana.After four years in New Orleans, AnnaA. Rosen (Mrs. M. A. Spell berg) has re­turned to Chicago where she is Adminis­trative Assistant Medical Director atMichael Reese Hospital.Vernon B. VaD Dyke, AM, PhD '37, isAssistant Professor of International Rela­tions at Yale.1935Herman L. Barbery, who served as achaplain d1uring the War, is Associate Min­ister oli the Marble Collegiate Church efNew York City.Ha.F01d M. Barnes, Jr., is Program Spe­cialist in the Philosophy and HumanitiesSection of UNESCO in Paris.Herman C. Bowersox, AM '36, PhD '43,is Associate Professor of English at Roose­velt College, Chicago ..Margaret E. Clifford, AM, is working forthe Children's Theatre of Portland, Ore­gon. Last summer she directed its TrailerTheatre, the only one of its kind in thecountry. .Thome Deuel, PhD, has been MuseumDirector' .of the Illinois State Museum inSpringfield since he returned from Armyservice.Donald E. Fields, PhD, after taking. ayear's work in Library Science at the Uni­versity of Michigan, is now Associate Li­brarian at Lebanon VaHey College, Ann­ville, Pa,George. T. Jones, Ph�, a member of' the'Botany faculty .of Oberlin College, traveledthrough the southwest and the CanadianRockies during the summer doing somefield work while he and Mrs. Jones vaca­tioned.HUmar F. Luckhardt, who did his Mas­ter's in Music (1936) and has been on themusic faculty of the University of Wiscon­sin since, is excavating an impressive nichein the world of musk. He is just comple­ing a text OR harmonic counterpoint; scor�ting a large overture which he composed ayear ago; and scoring and continuing thecomposition of a cello concerto. for ErnestFriedlander, the Pro Arte celljst. A sec­end daughter, Mary Denise, arrived at theLuckhardt home last January .M. Wesley Roper, PhD, has finished hisfirst year teaching at Tusculum Colle�e,Greeneville, Tenn. (OUF records show himas a department head) and likes i� verymuch. Arthur Cardom (Gard), 1, IS thethird member. of the family.A. B. Teton, JD '36, was released fromthe Army in january, 1946; married inOctober; and is now practicing law inChicago..Edward S. Burgee, MD,. of Evanston, ISout of the Navy and practicing obstetricsand gynecology. He is also ?n t�e medicalfaculty of Northwestern University..Joseph A. Carbone, MD, of Gary, IS out ,of three-year Service, living again wit� }lisfamily (a daughter, 4) and practicingpediatrics, 251936. Philip W. Clark, MBA '42, is working inMarketmg Research with the U. S. Cham­ber of Commerce in Washington, D. C.Elizabeth L. Dickey (Mrs. Leonard Fritz)has been living in Albuquerque, NewMexico, since August of 1946, when herhusband was discharged from the Army.They have two children, Robert, 5; andMary, just over a year.Morton D. Fagen and wife, Irene V.Toabe, AM '36" live in Summit, New Jer­sey where Morton ]s a member of thetechnical.. staff at the Bell TelephoneLaboratories. Son Bobby is now past two.Samuel F. Freeman, AM, is minister ofthe Pulaski Heights Christian Church,Little Rock. .He is also active in enoughcivic organizations to complete this column.Evelyn R. Garbe, SM '37, is AssistantProfessor of Mathematics at Antioch Col­lege in Yellow Springs, Ohio.Rabbi Albert A. Goldman is assistant toDr. Joshua Liebman at Temple Israel,Boston.Lewis A. Dexter is an Instructor of So­ciology at Roosevelt College, Chicago.Hilmar F. Luckhardt, AM '36, has writ­ten us of the birth of a second daughter,Mary Denise, born January 11, 1947. Theyare living in Madison, Wisconsin, and thissummer he completed the preliminarywork on his text on harmonic counterpoint.Katherine MacIntyre, former manager ofthe Quadrangle Club, is installing twomore school cafeteria in the HammondSchool system where she is in charge of allschool cafeterias. She is just recoveringfrom a serious session in the hospital.Dorothy Norton (Mrs.· K. M. Smith)dropped us a belated note to announce thatson Duncan, 6, has a brother, Douglas, whoarrived a year ago last Jqly 28. Dad, Ken­neth M. Smith, MD '37, is practicing in­ternal medicine in Columbus, Ohio, andteaches the Medical R.O.T.C. at Ohio StateUniversity.1ille 'Best Place fo Eat on the 'South SideI·COLONIAL'RESTAURANT6324 Wood·lawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 632426 THE UNIVERSITY 'OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEw. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA$ALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKE •. J. Chalifoux '22·PHOTOPRESS, ,(·NC.P,lam)graph.........:Offse*�Printin9731 Plymouth CourtWe bash '8182CrLAR,KE-McELRiOY 1PUBLISH,ING co. I6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo EngraversArtists - ElectrotypersMakers of PrintinQ Plates, 429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. Monroe 7515MOFFETT STUDI�O' I­iCAMERA P'ORTRAITS OF QUALITY30.$0. MicMgan BJvc!l., Chtcago S,tete 8750 ! iOFFlCI'AL. ,PHOTOGRAPHERu, of C. ALUMNI'POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in Letters.Hoovea TypewrltlnlMultlgraphlnaAddressograph S.",lee.Hlahest Quality Se",leeAll PhonesHarrlsen 8118 M ImeographlnlAddressingMalllagMln'lmum Prices418 So. Mer�et·St.'Chicar90 Mrs. Olive rayne Beeman was living ona farm to enjoy "the abundance of thecountry" but returned to teaching art atBloomsburg (Pennsylvania) State TeachersCollege because of shortage of teachers. .Herbert C. Brown, PhD '38, is AssociateProfessor of Chemistry at Wayne Universityin Detroit. His wife was Sarah Baylen, '37.Carl L. Byerly, AM, PhD '46, is Principalof the Wyd6wn School in Clayton, Mis­souri (suburb of St. Louis). This is aunique school for high school freshmen andpart of the public school system. Carltaught at the summer session of the Schoolof Education, Washington University. Is·also Director of the Planning Commissionto coordinate and stimulate professionalactivities among teachers and administratorsin S·t. Louis County.Helen M. Moats, PhD, recently returnedfrom several months abroad on UnitedNations business, and is now at Lake Suc­cess. !.allJ:.4IMarjorie B. Melyneaux, AM '46, is com­pleting her fifth year at Quantico, Virginia,as assistant principal at the Quantico PostSchool, Marine Barracks,Bessie Nicopoulos (Mrs. Michael G.Savoy) received her permanent assignmentin the Chicago Public School system inMarch. ij I;Porter G. Perrin, PhD, Chairman of theDepartment of English at Colgate, is Presi­dent of the National Council of Teachersof English.Roger A. Prior, SM, PhD '47,. is livingin Washington, D. C., where he is workingas research geographer with the Topo­graphic Branch of tile War Department inthe Pentagon.Fred A. Replogle, PhD, is a partner inthe firm of Rohrer, Hibler & Replogle,psychological consultants to management.In its two yeai:s the firm has built a staffof 30 Ph.D. psychologists and spread fromits home office in Chicago to Cleveland,New York, Dallas, and Los Angeles.Mrs. Alice Seefor Gordon is a PlacementCounselor at Chicago's Phillips High School.Her son, Michael, is a student at Univer­sity High School.Lucy Hutchins, PhD, is continuing toteach in her first Alma Mater, Blue Moun­tain College, but hopes to return to theUniversity before too much longer.Robert K. Hall, AM, is Professor of Com­parative Education at the Teachers College,Columbia University in New York City.Joseph M. Kacena is, back on the Midwayfinishing his work on a Master of BusinessAdministration.Charles M. C. Kwock, AM, is' Presidentof the Honolulu Ministerial Union.Helen Larson, AM (Mrs. C. C. Stevens),is Assis�ant Professor of English at IllinoisInstitute of Technology, Chicago. Herdaughter, Kristine, a political science seniorat Mount Holyoke College, attended thesummer session ·of the Institute of WorldAffairs on a joint scholarship from the ool­lege and Students International Union.Lester J. Newquist is employed as anEconomist at the Brown Brothers Harrimanand Company in New York City.Leonard K. Olsen is with Britannica GreatBooks in Chicago. The Olsen's have twochildren: Peter, 2Y2; and Peggy, 1.Raymond W. Polk,.MD '39, is practicingmedicine in Miles City, Montana, after be­ing discharged from the Army and hasone child, James. Jean Prussing (now Mrs. David C. Bur­den) lives in Pasadena, devoting her timeto writing. A group of three poems ap­peared in "Poetry" for July, 1947; featurearticles for the Home Magazine of the LosAngeles Times are written by her; and sheis collaborating on a screen story.Kendall B. Taft, PhD, is Professor ofAmerican Literature at Roosevelt College,Chicago.Dorothy L. Ulrich (Mrs. Serge Trou­betzkoy) is living in West Hartford, Conn.,where her husband is with the export de­partment of Hartford Empire Co. (Glass­making machinery). Readers will rememberthat Dorothy wrote "For Better or forWorse, the Odyssey of an Army Wife" inthe December, 1944, MAGAZINE. She iscontinuing her writing for monthly maga­zines and newspapers in the East.Martin F. Young of Berwyn took thechildren to a Kansas farm for vaca tionwhere they learned milk does not COlnefrom tank cars and eggs originate beYondthe A & P warehouse. He adds: "I helpedbale hay and refreshed old memories ofhow callouses are produced."1937Kenneth C. Bechtel, PhD, is teaching inthe McPherson College at McPherson,Kansas.Arthur W. Blair, AM, is Director ofTraining at State Teachers College in DeKalb, Illinois..Monroe S. Carroll, PhD, Dean of theSchool of Business at Baylo� University,Waco, Texas, spent the last SIX months of1946 at the Harvard School of Businessunder a Ceneral Education Board grant.Barbara A. Chandler, AM, has beenteaching in the Atlanta school system forthe past twelve years with 38 months outto serve as a WAVE for Uncle Sam.James F •. Foley is an Electronic DesignEngineer in Baltimore, Maryland.Mrs. Harold Murphy (Helen A. Hage_hom) is a Receptionist-Stenographer at theZimmer Manufacturing Company in War­saw, Indiana.Herman C. Weinberg, MD, is a ViSitingPhysician in Ophthalmology at the Clev�­land City Hospital.J: Clyde Sumsion, MBA, is on the faCultyof American International College, Spring_field, Massachusetts.Claude B. Hazen must have known morestudents in the late thirties than any singlefaculty member. He was the genial gnardin the Bursar's office, always alert to Goinganything for a student except pay his loan.Claude is now on the City of Chicago De­tective force. He lives at 3648 W. 68thStreet.Bernice Heal Lee, AM, is living in Chi­cago, "doing the thousand and one thingsa teacher and housewife combination iscalled upon to do;"Robert H. Parker, MD, is an ear, noseand throat Specialist in Kansas City, Mis­souri, after being discharged from the N a;vyin July.Charles H. Rammelkamp, MD, is in theDepartment of Medicine and PreventiveMedicine at Western Reserve University,Cleveland.William Rottersman, MD, is practicinp"psychiatry at Veterans Hospital, Littl�Rock, Arkansas .Charles C. Scott, MD, PhD, is associn tedwith the Eli Lilly Company at Indiana-'olisdoing research in the field of fln<ll,:esicmedicine.THE UNIVERSITY OF' CHICAGO MAGAZINEHelen Shiffman (Mrs. Howard Harsh­barger) of Plainfield, Illinois, was recentlyinterviewed by the society editor of aJoliet paper. Result; a very attractivepicture and the story of how a Phi BetaKappa, teaching high school, meets a pro­prietor of a stock farm, agrees to feed thechickens and preside over a country home,has time for civic activities, and becomespresident of the Joliet A.A.U.W. The thirdmember of the family is David, 2, who, withhis dad and mother, eats a quart of homemade ice cream for dinner every night.Lawrence L. Sloss, PhD, is a member ofthe Geology faculty at Northwestern Uni­versity.James C. Shelburne, AM, is an Educa­tional Consultant on the Advisory Staff atMaxwell Field, Alabama.David Wall, MD, is an obstetrician inAmes, Iowa.1938Peter L. Beal, MD '40, spent the past yearin Berkeley on a fellowship with the Na­tional Research Council.Sam Berkman, SM '39, PhD '42, is a Bac­teriologist at Camp Detrick in Frederick,Maryland. .Oscar Bodansky, MD, was a - LieutenantColonel during the War and was awardedthe Legion of Merit for the conduct anddirection of research in the Medical Divi­sion of the Chemical Warfare Service. Hehas now returned to practice in New YorkCity.Alfred H. Court is at Duke Universityworking on his doctorate ..E. Herbert Eby is a social worker inAlliance, Nebraska.Harold W. Feldman, AM, is back fromJapan and "sti-ll scouting around." Scout­ing headquarters are Chelsea, Mass.David C. Finlay, AM, is with the Na­tional Labor Relations Board as a FieldExaminer at Cleveland, Ohio.Donald B. Goodall, AM, is Assistant Deanat the Civic Art Museum, Toledo_, Ohio.Paul E. Grayson was discharged fromthe A.A.F. Weather Service in December,1945, and is now with the Department ofAgriculture in Hoboken, New Jersey.Edna H. Houwink, who took graduatework at Chicago, was on the staff____of theSchool of Social Work, William and MaryCollege summer session. Her home is inToronto, where she is on the faculty ofthe University of Toronto.Mary Dickey is Secretary to the Gen­eral Merchandise Manager of the- Milwau­kee Boston Store. She is studying pianoand appeared in recital in June playingBeethoven's Third Concerto in C Minor.Roy Dubisch, SM '40, PhD '43, recentlypurchased a house and furnishings atVestal, New- York. The address is 35 Tor­rance Road.Louis Linn, MD Rush, is practicing- psychiatry in New York City.Naoma Lipkowitz (Mrs. Harry L. Lodish)of South Euclid, Ohio, is the mother ofthree children, 2, 4, and' 6. She writesthere may. be further news from the Lodishfamily later this fall.Juan Homs, Jr., is Regional Sales Man­ager for Pan American World Aairwayswhich includes plenty of travel to portssuch as Bermuda and Rio.Ea�l E. Klein, PhD, is Director o(theSchool of Social Welfare at Louisiana StateUniversity, a position he has held since1942.William Koenig is Assistant Story Editorwith RKO-Radio Pictures in Hollywood. Herbert F. (Bud) Larson left his jobwith Vick Chemical Company in NewYork City, which he had held since gradua­tion, and is now living- in Glendale, Cali­Iornia, and is employed as Promotion Di­rector for the weseern office of Fairchildpublications.Peter P. Lejins, PhD, on the SociologyFaculty, University of Maryland, is Presi­dent of the District of Columbia Sociolog­ical Society.Nancy E. Lennes (Mrs. Robert H. Davis)is living at 138 Elm Street, Long Beach,California. She is the daughter of N. ].Lennes, '98, SM '04, PhD '07, ProfessorEmeritus of Mathematics at Montana StateUniversity.Ivan Niven, PhD, and his wife, the for­mer Betty Mitchell, '39, have moved acrossthe country from the Purdue campus tothe University of Oregon at Eugene, whereDr. Niven has accepted an Associate Pro-fessorship. _ -Ann Putcamp, AM, is going to Palestinefor research work in the American Schoolof Oriental Research at Jerusalem.Seymour J. Pomrenze, AM, out of Serv­ice as a Major, is now married and em­ployed in the archive section of the Con­gressional Library in Washington.William F. Reynolds, MD, since his dis­charge from service in April, 1946, hasbeen an Instructor in the Department ofRadiology at the University of CaliforniaMedical School in San Francisco.William L. Rittschof, AM '40, has beenappointed group leader of the analytic sec­tion of. the Whiting, Indiana, laboratoriesof the Standard Oil Company,Earl L. Smith, MBA, is Director, Advis­ory Department, Babson Reports, Welles­ley Hills, Mass.Oliver Statler is with the QuartermasterSection, Eighth Army Headquarters, inYokohama.Jonah W. D. Skiles, PhD, became Headof the Department of Ancient Languagesand Literatures, University of Kentuckylast June. He was previously Head of the :Department of Greek and Latin at West­minster (Mo.) College and from 1945 to1947, Associate Professor of Latin and Ad­viser to Foreig-n S-tudents at NorthwesternState (La.) College.- Allan K. Shackleton is with the JohnHan-cock Mutual Life Insurance Companyin Austin, Texas.M. Gordon Tiger is with the Depart­ment of State in Washington, D. C., as anIntelligence Researcher for the U. S. S. R.Affairs.1939MaX Johnson, AM, is Superintendent ofSchools at Ina, Illinois.Granted leave as an Examiner with theU. S. Civil Service Commission in Wash­ington, D. C., Robert E. Kronemyer isstudying at the Harvard Law School.David L. Moonie, MBA, out of the Navya year, has organized his own business inSan Francisco: Business Service Company.Martin Bronfendrenner, PhD, is now As­sociate Professor of Economics at the Uni­versity of Wisconsin .. His wife is Jean An-drus, '39. .Alice W. Brown is Secretary to thePresident of Illinois Institute of Tech­nology in Chicago,. Otha Lionel Clark, PhD, is an AssistantProfessor in the College of Bible, DrakeUniversity at Des Moines, Iowa.Emmett Dedmon moved up anothernotch last summer. Out of the air forcesEmmett published his first novel, "nutyto Live" while on the news staff of the 2i. Golden Dirilyte(formet'ly Dirigold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID - NOT PLATEDService for Eight $61.85FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes. Also Crys+el, TableLin:en and G-ifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inn,70 E. Jackson Bl:vd. Chicago, 111.BIENENFElDChicago's Most Complete Stock ofG,LASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35-th St. PhoneLafayette 8400-,: Alice Banner Englewood 31.'8-1COLORED HELPFACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMillS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agey., 5534 S. State St.TREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory Dealerfor-CH RYSLER an_d PLYMOUTH-NEW CA-RS6.040 Cottage Grove,Mid. 4200AlsoGuara:nteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repa<ir,Body,. Po-int, Sim-onize" Washand Greasing Departments28 THE UNIVERSITY O'F CHICA,GO MAGAZINELOCAL AND 'fONG DISTANCE HAULING•60 YEARS OF DEPENDABLESERVICE TO THE SOUTHSIDE•ASK FOR fREE ESTIMA 1E•55th and ELLIS AVENUECHICAGO 15, ILLINOISPhone BUTterfield 6711- DAVID L. SUTTON:, Pre's.Ii Aj'ax Waste Pa'per Co. !2600;.2634, W. Taylor St.,Buyen 01 Any QuantityI Waste PaperScrap Metal and IronFar Prompt Service CallM'r. B. Shedr-o«, Van Buren 023'0BOYDSTON ·'BROSo. INC.l) NDERT AKERSSi'nce 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave,.Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493Platers" Silversmiths. ISpecialists • • •GOL,D. Sf'LY,E'R. RHO'DANIZ:ESlLVERWARE\R�pa;r.d� Refinishecl" RelacqueredSWA'RTZ & CO'M'PANY10 s. W:abash- AYI. C'ENtral 8089·90 Chi .... 1!Since 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurqlce] EquipmentHospital and Office Furniture.Sundries, Supplies, Dress,i:ngsAll Phones: SEEley Zl80 I408 SOUTH HONORE STRE,EJCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS Chicago Times. Shortly thereafter he movedto the literary supplement of the Chicago"Sun, writing a weekly column in the Sun­day Book Week. In August Marshall Fieldannounced Emmett's appointment as Lit­erary Editor. He is also working on hissecond novel.Raymond J. Dunne, MBA '4:2, is employedas aU .. S. Post Office Inspector in Chicago.James P. Gale, who took work on theMidway before transferring to Purdue, nowhas his S.B. in Electrical Engineering andis ready to "go to work in earnest."Alice F. Gibson (Brickley) is Chief Psy­chiatric Social Worker at Manteno (Illinois)State Hospital.Jose Oliver Gonsalel" SM, PhD '41, is,Head of the Department) of Medical Zool­ogy, School of Tropical Medicine at SanJuan, Puerto Rico.Dr. John M. Hammer, MD, is a Residentin Surgery at the Harper Hospital in De­froit, Michigan.Hiram D. Hilton, MD., is a Fellow in- Surgery ac the Mayo Clinic in Rochester,Minnesota.Jo.hn M. Leeper whose home is, ill' Co- 'lumbus, Ohio, is now in Chile, SouthAmerica, where he is a Co-Pilot for PanAmerican Grace Airways.Onne w.. Phelps, MBA, PhD '45, has re­signed as Dean of the Students of theUniversity's School of Business. He andhis wife (Jean Wright, '37) are moving toCLaremont, California, where Mr. Phelpswill head u,P the Industrial Relations De­partment of Claremont College.Derwood Robertson is a partner withhis father raising live stock on a 320-acrefarm near Madison, Nebraska. He shouldhe doing all right, wouldn't you say?Frances Sherman, SM, left Yerkes Ob­servatory in 1941 and was married to EdwinM. Bailey, Jr." who was also a former stu­dent at Yerkes. She accompanied her hus­hand to the University. of Arizona" whereshe took her Master's in Physics. They arenow living in Stamford, Connecticut, whereshe is busy taking care of her two children:David, aged 3, and Marie, aged 1 ..J940Nathan Cooper, AM, is with the JewishFamily Service :in Brooklyn, New York,as a Social Worker.Kaeherine A.· Frederic, PhD, returned toWashington after receiving her degreewhere she has been in the Federal Service.She is now preparing an administrative his"tory of the United States Civil Service CQm­mission during' the War.Benum W. Fox is now at Cook CountyHospital, where he has a Fellowship Resi­dency in Medicine. He is a graduate ofthe University of Iltinois School of Medi­cine and served with the Navy during thewar. He is' the son of Mrs. Nicholas L Fox(Evelyn A. Hattis, '15).Louise Barton Freeman, PhD, is keeningbusy as a geological consultant in Ken­tucky, and teaches one quarter of the yearat the University of Kentucky.Mary Elizabeth Grenander, AM '41, servedin the WAVES born December, 1942, toSeptember, 1946. She is at present back onthe quadrangles working toward her PhDin English. In her spare time she wonthe Midwest Women's Foil Fencing Cham­pionship last May.David L .. Harris, AM '41, is AssociateProfessor of Psychology at Hillsdale (Michi­gan) College and director of a psychologicaldinic doing testing for the county, in­cluding the student ,body ef Hillsdale. Here's an invitation: Herman F. Jaeger,AM, is now Superintendent of Schools atG!liand Coulee, Washington. During thesummer he did graduate work at Washing_ton State in Pullman. He closes his letter:"Mrs. Jaeger, the children, and I hope thatChicago alumni will drop in to see Uswhen they visit the Dam."J. B. Jeffries, SM, left the ManhattanProject to become Head of the Depart­ment of Physics at the Agricultural andTechnical College, Greensboro, N. C.Robert C. Jones, who did graduate workin S.S.A. at Chicago, represented the PanAmerican Union at the Sixth InternationalConference of Labor Statisticians in Mon­treal in August. He also represented thePan American Union on the ExecutiveCommittee of the Inter-American StatisticalInstitute at their meetings in Washingtonin September, .Franklin R. King is Superintendent ofthe State Public School, Sparta, Wisconsin.Frances Lander, AM, PhD '44 (Mrs. D. G.Spain), of Rock Hill, South Carolina, isthe Librarian of Winthrop College andPresident of the South Carolina LibraryAssociation.Elbert Lubbers, AM, PhD '46, AssociateProfessor of Education at the AmericanUniversity at Cairo, toured Palestine, Syria,and Lebanon with his family the past sum­mer. He writes: "We have welcomed intoour home, Clark Edward, our first happyadventure in parenthood."John H. Palmer is employed as a sales­man for the Franklin County Coal Corpo_ration in Chicago.Wayne Won Wong, MD, has just startedpractice in Wailuku, Hawaii.1941Hogeland Barcalow, MBA, who was onthe faculty of Muskingum College in NewConcord, Ohio, has joined the staff of La­fayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania.In the January, �947, MAGAZINE we toldabout the Barcalows having a 9 room housein New Concord. He writes that they have.only a six room one in Easton. Mrs. Bar­calow was Elsie McCracken, '40, MBA '41.Marjorie L. Case, AM, of New Haven,has been Acting Head of the School ofSocial Work, University of Connecticut.Leo J. Cieminski, AM, is a Psychologistat the Central Examining Station at FortSheridan.Mary Dean Clement, PhD, has accepteda new position as Assistant Professor ofMathematics at the University of Miami,Coral Gables 34, Florida.Donald L. Fabian, AM '41, is in the De­partment of Spanish at Tulane Universityin New Orleans, Louisiana.WilHam H. Friedman is Vice Consul atMarseille, France.Samuel R. Fussell, AM, operates theFussell Hardware Company in Thomaston,Georgia. 'Henry F. Goodnow, AM, is Assistant CityManager of Pontiac, Mich. His wife isAnne Denney, Vassar, '40.James R. Hill is in the advertising busi­ness in Springfield, Illinois.Ann Hughes, SM, is Secretary to theSuperintendent of Claims of the AmericanSurety Co. in Louisville. She has been ap­pointed volunteer recruiting officer for the'NAVES in the Louisville Unit of the U. S.Naval Reserve.At twenty-eight, Carl W. Larsen will bethe youngest newspaperman to have beenawarded the prized Nieman Fellowship atHarvard. Larsen, who began his journalis­tic career on the Midway as campus .re­porter for the Chicago Daily Times, startsTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE�ork this September in the fields of polit­ical economy and labor relations. Duringthe war he was managing editor of the ParisStars and Stripes and after discharge re­mained in Europe for a year as U nitedPress correspondent in Stockholm. He re­turned to the Times in 1946· where he hasworked on the Sunday edition.Israel L. Maizlish is a Clinical Psycholo­gist at the Veterans Administration InChicago.George Nardi, MD '44, is assistant residentin surgery at Massachusettts General Hospi­tal in Boston. He writes that Dave Hume,MD '43, is at Peter Bent Brigham Hospitasin Boston, and Andy Canzonetti, MD '44,is at Cushing Hospital nearby.Kenneth D. Orr, MD, who is ,a Major inthe U. S. Army Medical Corp is stationedat the Madigan General Hospital in Ft.Lewis, Washington.Joseph W .. Pracht, MBA, is an Account­ant at the International Harvester Com­pany, Chicago.Fredlyn Ramsey, who did graduate workat Chicago, is now with the Civil Aero­nautics Board in Washington, D. C., asAssistant to Economic Adviser.Shirley Shapiro, AM '42, is teaching'Spanish at Thornton Township High Schoolin Harvey, Illinois.1942Erving E. Beauregard is an instructor inthe Department of History at the Uni­versity of Dayton.Arthur A. Bright, Jr., is on the School ofBusiness Administration faculty at Dart­mouth, teaching statistics and finance.Wilhelmina M. Feemster, PhD, is Assist­ant Professor of Ancient and MedievalHistory at the University of Maryland inCollege Park.SusanSusan English, with her dad and mother,has left California, where her father wason the chemistry staff of the University ofCalifornia, and moved to Washington,where he will work for the Atomic EnergyCommission. Mother was Muriel Frodinwhen she was on the quadrangles.William D. Orampp, PhD '44, has been.appointed Assistant Professor of Econom­ics at the University of Illinois, Navy Pier,Chicago.Paul W. Harrison, Jr., is a part time �n­structor at the Illinois Institute of Tech­nology.Frank W. Johnson, MD, is Resident inOphthalmology at Woodlawn Hospital,Chicago. His wife, Doris Argile:, '43, is As­sistant Admitting Officer at Chicago Lying­In which, according to Frank, keeps the dinner conversation definitely on the med-ical side. 'G. Richard Kuch has been in Europeworking for the American Unitarian Youth,of which he is Executive Director. He setup a college age workshop in Czechoslo­vakia, to which they have sent thirty youngpeople. He and his wife (Jeanne Tobin,'39) Hve in Boston, where she is workingwith the Service Committee of the URi­tarian Women's Alliance, and trying (ac­cording to her husband) to keep up withtheir daughter.Klaire V. Kuiper, MD, has just finishedhis first year of a three year residency withthe Veterans Administration Hospital inaffiliation with the University of Minnesota.After vainly searching six months for aplace to rent, he purchased a home, andMrs. Kuiper and the three children havemoved to Minneapolis to join h im. Theyare now engaged in their spare momen tsin rendering their yard something less of adesolate waste. And he closes with "Won­der what's doing with the rest of the Rush'42 bunch?"Sara C. Larson, SM, is on the staff ofthe Department of Geography at KansasState College in Manhattan.Arch H. Logan, Jr., MD, is a physicianat Rochester, Minnesota.Howard Parsons, PhD '46, is an Instruc­tor of Philosophy at the University of Illi­nois in Galesburg.Robert E. Smith, at Coral Gables, hasfinished his first semester of law at theUniversity of Miami and is working as as­sistant on the staff of the Vice Presidentof Latin American Division of Pan Amer­ican World Airways System., Albert G. Sharpe, who.did graduate workon the quadrangles in the early forties, isDirector of Testing Service at Stockton(California) Junior College.Robert C. Thorburn is a Research Chem­ist at the General Electric Corporation inRichland, Washington.1943Betty Marie Carlsten, AM '46, is on theEnglish faculty of the University of Ha­waii. During the past year she has visitedand toured the islands with U, of C. friendsincluding Lois Wells, '45, and Mary RoseLescher, AM '45, both also teaching on theIslands.Alice B. Crocker, SM, teaches Physiologyand Health and directs school activitiesat North High School, Omaha. She taughtin the summer session at the Universityof Omaha. The past year she has beenPresident of the Omaha American Asso­ciation of University Women.Donald J. Dewey is an Instructor in Eco­nomics at the University of Indiana.Viola Henrikson is head of the ScienceDepartment at the Girls Latin School inChicago.Alice L. Hoskinson, AM, a graduate of,the Library School, is Librarian, U. S.Naval Hospital, Portsmouth, Virginia.H. Gerthon Morgan, AM, PhD '46, hasleft the Department of Education at theUniversity of Delaware to become Asso­ciate Professor in the Institute fOT ChildStudy in the College of Education at theUniversity of Maryland.Wayne T. Pratt is Superintendent of thePima Indian Schools at Sacaton, Arizona.John W. Ragle has completed 18 monthsat the Graduate School of Arts, and! Sci­ences at Harvard and is teaching Englishat Governor Dummer Academy, South By­field, Mass. He : plans to return to Har­vard next summer to complete his workon a Master's in English Literature, 29SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMutt'iple 20 . ple+lnum needles can be used.Permanent removal of halir from face, eye­brows, bad o·f neck, or arny part of body; •also facial veins" moles, arid warts. 'LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLIS EXPERT20 years" experienceGiraduate NurseSuUe 1705,. Stevens BuUdi,ng17 N. State StreetTelephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATI6NECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper Cornie ••Skylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbedos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETiBuckingham 1893Hyde Park 6200 Midway 0009Radio ServiceHerman's Radio S'hopVfCTOR - DECCA ... BLUEBIRDRECORDS93'5 East 55th StreetReal Estate and Insurance1501 East 57th Street Hyde Park 252530 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEiFelephone K'ENw�od' 1352J. E. KIDWELL Florist826 East Forty-seve'nth StreetChlceqe 15. IllinoisJAM ES E. K.I DWELL'BOYDSTON BROS .• INC.ioperatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor BiUi'ngs HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of CMca'90Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493Tra,ine·d and Hcense·d attendantsArthur MichaudelD.eslgner and Maker oJDistinctive Stained 'Glass Windows542 Nodh Paulina Street, ChlcaQ.oTelephone Monroe' 2423Alber+ K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '2 'IEpstein. Reynolds and Harris'Consu'fting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone Strate 8951'BLACKSTONEHALIIAnExcius,ive Women's Hotelin t�.University of Chicago ·Distr.ictOffering, Graceful living to Uni.versity and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blacks.tone Ave. Telephone'Plaza 33'13Verna P. Werner" Director Ray E. Randall is employed as an OfficeManager at Libby, McNeill and Libby inKokomo; Indiana."The Ethics of Israel" is the Iatest bookby Israel H. Weisfeld, PhD, of Dallas,Texas. Previously he wrote "My Son" and"The Message of Israel."1944Machteld Huisman, S'M, is Director ofNurses at Cedar· of Lebanon Hospital inLos Angeles.Ellis B. Jump, PhD, is Chairman of theDepartment of Anatomy at the Universityof Oregon School of Dentistry in Portland,Oregon.Richard - Williams was awarded hisBachelor of Divinity degree last May by. Union Theological Seminary.Adaline Lee, AM, is the chief Psychiat­ric Social Worker at Mendota State Hos­pital in Madison, Wisconsin.Raynard C. Swank, PhD, is Director ofLibraries at the University of Oregon inEugene. He is the father of two sons,Damon, 6; and Barry 1.Paul F. Wallace, MD, is a Physician atthe Percy Jones General Hospital in Bat­tIe Creek, Michigan.1945Marietta E. Fox has completed her firstyear at the Chicago Art Institute towarda degree in Dress Design.Mona M. Gilson is Secretary of the LegalDepartment of the Union Bank and TrustCompany at Los Angeles.Dania V. Merrill "(Mrs. H. Daniel Brew­ster) has moved with her husband fromBeirut to Athens. Mr. Brewster is withthe State Department.Evangeline V. Parker, AM, is an Instruc­tor in Spanish at Ferry Hall College Pre­paratory school for Girls,. Lake Forest,Illinois.Irene Ton, AM, is a Critic Teacher inthe Primary Department at the New YorkState College for Teachers in Buffalo.1946Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsyl­vania, has announced the appointment ofJohn S. Beard, AM, to the office of Deanof Men. He goes to Allegheny from Uni­versity College where he had been assistantto the dean. Mrs. Beard is Barbara Moss,'43.B. Everard Blanchard, AM, is beginninghis first year as Superintendent of Schoolsat Minden City, Michigan.Ernest Borinski, AM, has accepted a pro­fessorship at Tougaloo College, Mississippi.This Negro college was founded by theAmerican Missionary Association. Mr. Bor­inski will be in charge of courses in sod­o1�gy and political science while doing re­search work in the area of race relations.Mrs. Martha F . Donner, AM, is a socialworker at San Francisco.Ellery B. Has�eU is on the faculty ofthe Department of Philosophy at AlbrightCollege, Reading, Pa. He also teaches re­ligious and European history.Mrs. Constance H. Marteina, AM, isLibrarian at Bennett College in Greens­boro, N. C.Charles H. McCraskey, MD, Lieutenant(j.g.) in the Navy Medical Corps, finisheda 41;2 months .course at the Naval Schoolof .Aviation Medicine and, Research atPensacola, Florida, and reported October 10to the aircraft <carrier Rendova for dutyas a fl�ght surgeon. Edward Miller writes that his occupa­tion remains the same: student. This timehe is at Harvard Graduate Business School.Charles C. Parlin of Englewood, N. J., isstu�ying law at the University of Pennsyl­varna.Jacqueline S. Rice is teaching Spanishat The Loring School in Chicago.William W. Savage, AM, is Dean at theTeachers College in Farmville, Virginia.Edith A. Sinclair, AM, (Mrs. T. A. Down­ing) is living in Columbus, Ohio,. whereher husband is majoring in Social Admin­istration at Ohio State. She is AssistantDirctor of the Westminster Foundation onthe campus.Hal Haynes Smith, BLS, is on the quad­rangles working toward his Master's inthe Graduate Library School.Kwang Won-Kim, PhD, previously on thestaff of Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa-is now Assistant Professor of Philosophyat Grinnell 'College.Eugenia R. Whitridge, PhD, has beenappointed Assistant Professor of Sociologyat the Duke University in Durham, NorthCarolina.Howard W. Yunker, AM, is Principal ofthe Junior High School in Hobart, Indiana.Janet J. Zuck, AM, is teaching AmericanHistory and Government at the High Schoolin Mason City, Iowa.Dugald S. Arbuckle, PhD, has been a _pointed Assistant Professor of Education itBoston University, where his main jobwill be to develop and to assist in the di­rection ·of the various student activities inthe School of Education.1947Flora Bramson, AM, is. tea�hing sopho­more English at the University of Pitts­burgh.� Ira G. Com; JIi_, has a position WithGeneral Electric. He writes that he willbe traveling constantly for the next yearbefore he'll have a permanent address.J. Clare Heinlein, whose work on hisPhD in Political Science was interruptedby the War, spent the last year completinghis residence work. He has.accepted a po­sition on the faculty of the University ofCincinnati. Mrs. Heinlein was office man­ager at the alumni office in the earlyforties. -Bernard J. Kummer, SM, is a chemist atthe Plymouth Laboratory in Chicago.MARRIAGESAnne Mulfinger, '29, AM '36, became·Mrs. Adolph Koran on July 20, 1946, atLos Angeles, California.Lewis A. Dexter, '35, was married Au­gust 23, 1947, to Margaret Ann Hudgings.Mr. Dexter is teaching at Hobart COllege,Geneva, New York.Eleanor R. Ellis, '46, and Gregory L.Turner, SM '47, were married August 26at Long Beach, California. 'Mary Jane Metcalfe, '40, foreign corre­spondent for the National City Bank ofNew York and an active, conscientiousalumna, was. married to Hubert C. Wat­son on May 10, in the chapel of SaintBartholomew's Church in New York City.Mr. Watson is Assistant Manager of Agencyand Tours for the International Division ofTrans World Airlines. Their home is at12 Bank Street.At Hilton Memorial' Chapel on June 11,Eva Elizabeth Abraham, '42 was marriedto Merrill R. Goodall, who was a researchassistant in political science on the Mid-THE UNIVE,RSITY OF CHICAOO MAGAZINEway in 1940-41. More recently he has beenon the staff of the Bureau of Public Ad­ministration at the University of Alabama.Mrs. Goodall had been an AdministrativeAnalyst in the office of the Administratorof the National Housing Agency. TheGoodall's address is now, Department ofPolitical Science, Johns Hopkins Univer­sity. Among those present at the weddingfrom the University family were: ArthurAbraham, '20, JD '22; John Abraham, '25;Ethelyn Abraham Thomson, '28; and Kath­erine A. Frederic, PhD '40, maid of honor.Ruth Edna Montgomery, SM '43, wasmarried in June to J. Ritchie Cowan, ofthe Department of Agronomy, McDonaldCollege, Quebec, Canada.Dorothea Fruechtenicht, AM '44, who wason the Art faculty of Southern IllinoisUniversity (Carbondale), was married toCameron Brown of Evanston on May 10at Hilton Memorial Chapel on the quad­rangles.- After two months in Europe theyreturned to Chicago where Mr. Brown is apartner with George F. Brown and Sonand Vice President of Automatic ClothesWashers.On June 16, at Graham Taylor Chapel,Rosemary Peacock, '44, was married toForrest L. Tozer, '47. Forrest will con­tinue in the Law School. Rosemary's sis­ter, Janet, '43 (Mrs. Sherritk Kernoll), wasmatron of honor. Father of the girls isWilliam R. Peacock, '09, JD 'II.Miss Hisako Tanaka, '45, was marriedto Mr. Yoshio Sasao on March 31, 1947, inthe First Presbyterian Church of San Jose,California. They are living in Sunnyvale,California.Blossom A. Shudnow, AM '47, was mar­ried July 3, 1947, to Harvey Marmel. BIRTHSA daughter, Patricia Louise, was bornSeptember 6. 1946, to Mr. and Mrs. John F.Kuhn, Jr. (Agnes Adair, '34) at OklahomaCity, Oklahoma.Everything important seems to occur inSeptember in the Wells D. Burnette, '37,family. Wells was born in September aswas his wife. They went married in Sep­tember .and now Mark Clauson joined thefamily on September 2, 1947. They are allliving at 7415 N. R.ogers, Chicago.Carla Pfanstiehl arrived September 2 tomake it a threesome at the Washingtofl:,D. C. home of Cody Pfanstiehl, '38. Ac­cording to dad, the new daughter is "themost beautiful kid in the universe."Dale C. Hager, '38, MD '41, and Mrs.Hager announce the arrival of a newdaughter, born April 4, 1947.John R. Corcoran, '40 and Mrs. Corcoran(Ruth Brody, '40) are the parents of a son,David, born July 22, 1947. They are liv­ing in Piermont, New York, and Mr. Cor­coran is photographer, for Science, Illus­trated.A year and three months late we stillwant to rass on the news of the arrivalof Paul Terrance at the Paul F� Smithhome in Newark, Ohio, Aug. 7, 1946. Paul'sclass was :41; his wife's, Margaret Peacock,'42.Maud Elizabeth joined the Dan H. Materhousehold on May 12, 1947. Her fatherhas his PhD '41 and mother (Wilma Shaffer)her AM '43. Dan and Wilma were mem­bers of the group leader training class ofthe Great Books program in Portland,Oregon, their home town.Thomas E. Gause, '42, and Marjorie Mil­ler G�use, '42, announce the birth of aCALENDAR Sison, George L. Gause, born June 11, 1947,at Chicago Lying-In Hospital. They areliving in Gary,' Indiana.DEATHSDavid C. Budge, MD Rush '00, widelyknown western surgeon, at his home inLogan, Utah" June 22, 1947. His brother,Wallace Budge, of Ogden, Utah, is also aRush graduate (1919).JaDe Black Okeson, '04, on May 5, 1947,at her home In Wilmette, Illinois.Emmett Lewis Beach, a College studentin 1909-11, was found dead in his cottage atPoint Lookout, near Saginaw, Michigan,September 3. He was an author and play­wright (The Goose Hangs High, The SquarePeg, etc.).Bliss O. Halling, '14, passed away inChicago early in July.Terence T. Quirke, PhD '15, Chairmanof the Department of Geology at the Uni­versity of Illinois from 1919 to 1928, diedAugust 19, 1947, of a heart attack at theage of 61.Jessie May Short, who held a fellowshipin mathematics in her graduate days around1916 and who was cited by her collegeAlma Mater (Beloit) last year, died inPortland, Oregon, February 1, as she nearedher 74th birthday. The Portland Oregon­ian editorialized: "This community maynot experience again the impact of such apersonality ... For two decades Miss Shorthas found time aside from teaching [atReed College] to lead most vigorous cam­paigns which have stirred the people andgovernment agencies to controversy . . .. Her interests: . . . schools, housing, cityplanning, milk control, wartime price con­trols and many another issue ... ."Sot, Indiana University). University 'College, 19 South La SalleStreet. 6:30 P. M. 75c.LECTUR.E-"Determination of the Factors of Intelligence,"Louis L. Thurstone (psychology). Mandel Hall, 57th Streetand University Avenue. 4:30 P. M. Free.Friday, November 7LECTURE-"Re-enter the Honorable Company," Walton HaleHamilton, Professor of Law, Yale University, and former as­sistant to the Attorney General. Walgreen lecture. SocialScience Building, 1126 East '59th Street. 4:30' P. M. Free.Sunday, November 9UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A. M. President George D. Stoddard, The Uni­versity of Illinois.Monday, November 10LECTURE-"The War Between Two Wars," Walton Hale Ham­ilton, Professor of Law, Yale University, and former assistantto the Attorney General, Walgreen lecture. Social ScienceBuilding, 1126 East 59th Street. 4:30 P. M. Free..Tuesday, November 11LEGTURE-'The Right as. the Right," T·. V. Smith (philoso­phy). 32 West Randolph Street. 8 P. M. 75c.LECTURE....:"DelLermination of the Factors in Intelligence,"Louis L. Thurstone (psychology). Mandel Hall, 57th and Uni­versity Avenue. 4:3'0 P. M. Free. .Wednesday, November 12LECTURE-CONCERT-"Chamber Music for Piano, FourHands," V. Howard Talley, lecturer. Musical illustrations byLouis Crowder and Rudolph' Reuter, piano. Program ofMozart, Brahms, Schubert, and Stravinsky. Kimball Hall, 306South Wabash Avenue. 8:15 P. M. $1.50.Sunday, November 2UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A. M. Dean Charles C. Noble, Hendricks Me­morial Chapel, Syracuse University.Monday, November 3LECTURE-"Separation of State and Economy," Walt.on HaleHamilton, Yale University, and former assistant to the At­torney General. Walgreen lecture. Social Science Building,1126 East 59th Street. 4:30 P. M. Free.Tuesday, November 4LECTURE-HDetermination of the Factors of Intelligence,"Louis L. Thurstone (psychology). Mandel Hall, 57th Streetand University Avenue. 4:30 P. M. Free._LECTURE-"The Right as the Conscientious," T .. V. Smith,(philosophy). 32 West Randolph Stree_t. 8 P. M. 75c.LECTURE-"Emily Dickinson," Milton Hindus (humanities).Introduction to Poets series. University College, 19 SouthLa Salle Street. 8 P. M. 75c.Wednesday, November 5LECTURE-HSmall Business in Tomorrow's Economy,' JosephK. Wexman, Chicago finance executive. University College,19 South La Salle Street. 8 P. M. 75c.LECTURE-"Mercantilism Up to Date," Walton Hale Hamil­ton, Professor of Law, Yale University, and former assistantto the Attorney General. Walgreen lecture. Social- ScienceBuilding, 1126 East 59th Street. 4:30 P. M. Free.LECTURE-"Appolinaire: the Poet," Wallace Fowlie (Frenchliterature). Social Science Building, 1126 East 59t.h Street.7:30 P. M. 82c.Thursday, November 6LECTURE-"Confucius' Analects: Unpolished Moral Gems fromLife's Dramatic Moments," Sunder Joshi (assistant profes-Thursday, November 13LECTURE-"A Farewell to Criticism," Carl Shapiro, poet.Moody lecture. Mandel Hall, 57th Street and UniversityAvenue. 8:30 P. M. Free.LECTURE-"The Gita: Gentle Hinduism's New Testament Ad­vocates Violence," Sunder Joshi, Assistant Professor, IndianaUniversity. University College, 19 South La Salle Street.6:30 P. M. 75c.LECTURE-"Forecast of National Income," Kenneth Arrow, Re­search Associate, Cowles Commission. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. 4:30 P. M. Free.Friday, November 14LECTURE-"Knowledge and Opinion," Mortimer J. Adler, (phi­losophy of law), 32 West Randolph Street. 7:30 P. M. $1.50.LECTURE-"Return to Political Economy," Walton Hale Ham­ilton, Professor of Law, Yale University, and former assistantto the Attorney General. Walgreen lecture. Social ScienceBuilding, 1126 East 59th Street. 4:30 P. M. Free.Sunday, November 16UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller MemorialChapel, lLOO A, M. The Reverend Oscar F. Blackwelder,Lutheran Church of the Reformation, Washington, D. C.Tuesday, November 18LECTURE-"Forecast of National Income," Kenneth Arrow,, Research Assistant, Cowles Commission. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. 4:30 P. M. Free.LECTURE-"The Good as the Happy," T. V. Smith (philoso­phy), 32 West Randolph Street. 8 P. M. 75c.Wednesday, November 19LECTURE-"Cocteau: the Theatre," Wallace Fowlie (Frenchliterature). Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street.7:3'0 P. M. 82c. .'Thursday, November 2.0LECTURE-"The Koran: Mohammed's 'Society of Equals Restson an Unqualified Monotheism," Sunder Joshi, Assistant Pro­fessor, Indiana University. University College, 19 South,La Salle Street. :6:'30 P. M. 75c.LECTURE-'''Forecast of National Income," Kenneth Arrow, Re­search Assistant, Cowles Commission. Mandel HaH, 57thStreet and University Avenue. 4:30 P. M. Free.Friday, November 21UNIVERSITY THEATRE PRODUCTION-"Displaced Person,"by Alvin Keller. Mandel Hart, 57th Street and UniversityAvenue. 8.:30 P. M: Tickets at door 50c, no advanced sale,no reserved scats.Saturday, November 22UNIVERSITY THEATRE PRODUCTION-"Displaced Person,"by Alvin Keller. Mandel Han, 57th Street and UniverSityAvenue. 8:30 P. M. Tickets at door 50c, no advanced sale,no reserved seats.Sunday, November 23UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE�Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00, A. M. The Reverend Robert R. Wicks, DeanEmeritus of Princeton University Chapel.UNIVERSITY THEA\TRE PRODUCTION-"Displaced Per­son," by Alvin Keller. Mandel Hall, 57th Street and Univer­sity Avenue. 8:30 P. M. Tickets at door 50�-;-no, advancedsale, no reserved seats.Tuesday, November 25CONCERT-University of Chicago Concert. William Hess,tenor. Schubert's complete song cycle: Die Winterreise. Man­del Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8:30 P. M. $1.20.W.ednesday, November 26LECTURE-CONCERT-"The Songs of Schubert," OswaldJones, lecturer. Musical illustrations by William Hess, tenor.Program of Schubert's complete song cycle: Die schone Mul­lerin. Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. 8:15 P. M.$1.50.LECTURE-"Eluard: The Doctrine of Love," Wallace Fowlie(French literature). Social Science Building, 1126 East 59thStreet. 7:30 P. M. 82c.Sunday, November 30UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A. M. The Reverend Richard C. Raines, Hen­. nepin Avenue Methodist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota_32/11'm thesupply member'of the team"�III help makeyour telephone servicethe worlel's besl'l"Long before most of you were born -back in 1877-1started making telephone equipment for the nation."As the manufacturing and supply member of the BellTelephone team, I've always had a lot to do with makingyour service the world's best-at the lowest possible cost."The close teamwork made possible by my being a partof the Bell System was never more important than today.s,in helping to meet record demands for telephone service.ee My name is Western Electric.".MANUFACTURER... PURCHASER... DISTRIBUTOR... INSTALLER •••of telephone of telephoneapparatus and central officesupplies. equipment •of 43,000 varieties of supplies of allof telephone kinds far telephone. 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Colorful plastics, too, lend their lightness, give theirstrength, safety and serviceability., And gasoline now gives more power-has more get-up­and-go-takes you farther at less cost ... thanks to newvitalizing chemicals.Producing these better materials and many others-jarthe use oj science and industry and the benejit oj mankind-is the work oj the people oj UNION CARBIDE.FREE: You are invited to send for the illustrated booklet, "Productsand Processes," which describes the ways in which industry usesveC's Alloys, Carbons, Chemicals, Gases and Plastics.UNION CARBIDE.AHb CARBON CORPORATION30 EAST 42ND STREET � NEW YORK 17, N. 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