t *¦>•¦>—«*^s&*8fi: ::V: ;:¦ ™: : : pg''THE UNIVERSITYOFCHICAGO MAGAZINEJ U N 19 4 71947 ALUMNI REUNIONRussell W. Ballard, '22, Reunion Chai rmanTHURSDAY, JUNE 5b':G0 P. M. Congresswoman Helen Gahagan DouglasMandel Hall"The Present Congress." Sponsored by theGertrude Dudley Lectureship Foundation. Nocharge. Students, alumni and friends are invited.FRIDAY, JUNE 64:00-6:00 P. M. Renaissance Galleries Open HouseGoodspeed 108Sponsored by the Renaissance Society and theStudent Art Club. Tea will be served. The exhibit will be Baroque drawings. Galleries areopen daily from 10 A. M. to 5 P. M.5:30 P.M. Twenty-fifth Reunion, Class of 1922Windermere East HotelCocktail hour and buffet dinner in privatelounge and banquet room. Send reservations($5 each) to J. Earle Wooding, 1116 West Rudi-sille Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana.5:30-7:00 P. M. Hutchison Commons serves cafeteria dinner.6:30 P.M. Twentieth Reunion, Class of 1927Hotel Del PradoCocktail hour and dinner (7:15 P. M.). Sendreservations ($3.50 each) to The Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37.7:30 P. M. Business Meeting, Medical Division of theAlumni Association8:00 P. M. Reunion Program, Medical DivisionPathology 117Speaker: Dr. A. R. Mclntyre, '27, PhD '30, MD'31, Chairman of the Department of Physiologyand Pharmacology, The University of Omaha.Honored guests will include: Dr. Dallas B. Phemister, retiring Chairman, Department of Surgery; Dr. Lester R. Dragstedt, newly appointedChairman, Department of Surgery; and Dr.Lowell T. Coggeshall, Chairman, Departmentof Medicine. A buffet social hour will follow theprogram.8:15 P. M. Britannica Schools the World Mandel HallThe story of The Encyclopaedia Britannica,Britannica Junior, Britannica Films, and theGreat Books of the Western World— all membersof the University family. Britannica Films' newrelease on how the atomic bomb works will bepreviewed as one of the demonstrations of instructional films.Presiding: E. H. Powell, President, EncyclopaediaBritannica, Inc.Participating: Welden Reynolds, Assistant Editorand coordinator of The Encyclopaedia Britannicaand The University. Frances E. Henne, Chairman, Advisory Committee on Britannica Junior.Mortimer J. Adler, Professor, Philosophy of Lawand Associate Editor of The Great Books of theWestern World will speak, telling of the development of the Great Books program, its philosophy, purposes, and the future plans.SATURDAY, JUNE 710:00 A.M. Special conducted tour with demonstrations,Museum of Science and Industry, 57th Streetand the Lake. Meet in the main lobby of theMuseum. The tour will end at 11:30 A. M. butyou can leave any time.10:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.Exhibition of Baroque drawings at RennaissanceGalleries 'Goodspeed 10811:30 A. M.-L30P.M.Hutchinson Commons serves cafeteria lunch12:30 P. M. Annual Alumnae Breakfast Ida Noyes HallReservations ($1.50) are necessary. 12:30 P.M. Fortieth Reunion, Class of 1907.Quadrangle ClubLuncheon in the Solarium. Earl D. Hostetter,Chairman, 229 S. LaSalle Street, Chicago.2:00-4:00 P. M. All-Alumni Social Hour Reynolds Club LoungeAs they say in the orientation programs for newstudents: "Attendance Required." You mustdrop in. Your friends will be there, alumnaehostesses will welcome you and serve refreshments. You will also be registered and given areunion identification badge. And you'll be justaround the door from Mandel Hall for the nextmajor event.3:30 P.M. Tenth Reunion, Class of 1937. Sherry HotelCocktail party from 3:30 P. M. on.4:00 P. M. Annual Alumni Assembly. Mandel HallAwarding of Alumni Citations by Frank J. Madden, President, The University of ChicagoAlumni Association.Presentation of the Alumni Gift by Vallee O.Appel, Chairman, The Alumni FoundationBoard.Report to the Alumni on The State of theUniversity by President Ernest C. Colwell.5.30-6:30 P. M. Hutchinons Commons serves cafeteria dinner.6:00 P. M. Fiftieth Reunion, Class of 1897. Quadrangle ClubThe class has reserved the comfortable Common Room on the first floor of Swift Hall (JustEast of Cobb) from 10 A. M. until dinner timewhere class members can gather, sink into easychairs, and visit to their leisurely content. Thedinner will be in the private dining room of theQuadrangle Club. Stacy C. Mosser, 100 WestMonroe Street, Chicago, is in charge of arrangements.6:00 P. M. Annual Dinner Meeting of the College Senateof the Alumni Association.Quadrangle Club SolariumGuest Speaker: Robert M. Strozier, Dean ofStudents.8:45 P. M. Thirty-Seventh Annual University Sing.Hutchinson CourtS. Edwin Earle, Master of Ceremonies.10:00 P.M. Thirty-fifth Reunion, Class of 1912Midnight SpreadImmediately following the Sing the Class willadjourn to the home of Harriet Hamilton, 5436Cornell Avenue, for its famous midnight spreadand program. Bring wives or husbands and$1.50 each to help cover expenses. Write CharlesM. Rademacher, 6203 Kimbark Avenue, Chicago,37 before June first if you are coming so propercommissary plans can be made.THURSDAY, JUNE 126:00 P. M. Phi Beta Kappa Dinner. Ida Noyes Sun Parlor7:30 P.M. Initiation of candidates elected during the academic year.8:15 P. M. Address by Dean Charles W. Gilkey of the Rockefeller Memorial Chapel.Members of the Society and relatives of the initiates are invited. Dinner: $1.75. For reservations call or write Gladys L. Finn, Secretary,The University of Chicago, Chicago 37. Telephone: Midway 0800, Extension 258.HOTEL RESERVATIONSIf you will need hotel reservations wire or write at once to thehotel. Mention the Alumni Reunion and the following hotelswill do their best to accommodate you:Hotel Sherry, 1725 East Fifty-third Street, Chicago 15.Shoreland Hotel, 5454 South Shore Drive, Chicago 15.Windermere Hotel, 1642 East Fifty-sixth Street, Chicago 37.Mayflower Hotel, 6125 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago 37.EDITOR'S MEMO PADIS OUR MAROON TURNING RED?At the Alumni Association dinner party on April 23, with the dining hallcrowded to its 275-guest capacity, President Ernest C. Colwell followed hisspeech with a question period. The most acidulous question and enlighteninganswer:TIME has run out on the lastMagazine for the academic year.Our next will be the October issue.Deadlines have crowded one uponanother so that only now have wehad time to cogitate over where we'vebeen. We find ourselves wondering1. If you got each issue the firstof every month. They left here thepreceding 25th of each month.2. If the major articles were upto standard.3. How you like the new features: the Monthly Calendar, theLetters and Books sections, theseries on College Activities, TheEditor's Memo Pad; and the established departments: One Man'sOpinion, News of the Quadrangles,etc.4. What your preferences arefor next year.Uncle Sam prints postal cards forthis purpose.Reunion programThe Alumni * Reunion program ispresented on the opposite page.Gongresswoman Helen Douglas, whospeaks Thursday evening, June 5, inaugurates the Gertrude Dudley Lectureship Foundation's plan to bringa nationally prominent woman to thequadrangles each spring."Britannica Schools the World,"the Friday evening program withMortimer J. Adler and importantmembers of the Britannica staff, willbe worth the trip for any alumnusfrom either coast. You are destinedto hear more and more about thisadult education program of the various Britannica departments. Thiswill bring you up to date and furnisha look into the future. Question: Why doesn't the University fire all the Communist andNew Deal professors? Is it becauseif they did, they wouldn't have anyfaculty left?Answer: The general reputation ofthe University of Chicago for Communism and subversive radicalism isnot deserved. The University of Chicago is neither a Communistic nor aNew Dealist institution — it is a university. The fact is that the Republican Party surpasses all others inthe amount of faculty support. Iknown of no Communist who is amember of the faculty. However, itshould be understood the Universityof Chicago has never insisted on anypolitical or religious test for electionto its faculty or admission to its student body. We do not propose tochange this policy.But the publication of the factswill not settle the question in the-public mind. A statistical survey ofpolitical affiliations would demonstrate the accuracy of the statementsmade above but it would not prevent the future repetition of the oldslanders. These slanders rise out ofthe fact that the University of Chicago is a university.A university is devoted to the taskof getting new knowledge in allareas of human concern; in medicine,in physics, in history, in business, inother social institutions. It cannotabandon this task without ceasing tobe a university. Its faculty is findingout things which our grandfathers didnot know. The constant impact ofthis fresh knowledge upon the non-university world creates the impression that this University works forchange. This is the root of our reputation for radicalism. And the University gladly admits that in thissense it is radical.Because it is a university, the Uni versity of Chicago is devoting thepreponderance of its resources tofinding out more truth, to the advancement of the frontiers of knowledge. But it is also concerned withteaching this knowledge to theyoung.The University has faith, and it isoptimistic. It believes that the causesof diseases can be found, and the diseases eliminated. It believes that theway our fathers lived — good as it was— is not the best possible way for theirgrandchildren to live. It hopes tofind the means and resources to makethe life of the next generation richer,more fruitful, more noble, and moredemocratic. If it is treason to believethat we should try to find the solutionto our problems- — and having foundeven one, to try to apply it to theimprovement of our common life —then we in the University can sayonly "if this be treason, make themost of it!"As a matter of fact, the Universityin this regard is the acting place ofthe parent. Every parent here has atsome time looked at his child and resolved that this child shall have achance at a better life than he himselfhas known, that the child shall livein a richer culture and a better world.The radicalism of the University ofChicago lies in its devotion to therealization of this dream.We could win immunity from allcriticism if we said, "We will investigate only unimportant problems."People become alarmed only when"things that matter" are questioned.But a great university cannot adequately serve society if it concentratesits attention upon trivial things. Agreat university must be free to studythe crucial problems that frustratethe individual and disturb contemporary society. The University ofChicago has been a great university.It will not betray the hopes of parents,nor the confidences of society byturning aside now from its task.REUNION WEEK-END JUNE 5-6-71BOOKS BY ALUMNIBess Sondel, ARE YOU TELLING THEM?(New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1947) 292 pp.,$2.95We had just finished reading "Are YouTelling Them?" and were staring off intospace wondering who we should get to review it. Absently we began thumbingthrough our morning mail. We opened athird class envelope from the UniversityBookstore. It was a mimeographed letteraddressed to "Dear Reader" from ManagerD. S. Passmore, '19.Here was the review of Bess Sondel 'sbook, written in the style of "Are YouTelling Them?", particularly the two middle paragraphs. Before we quote the letterwe should tell you that Bess Sondel, '31,PhD '38, is the personable and popularteacher of speech at University College anda good friend of Manager Passmore. Nowthe letter:May I have just a minute of your timeto tell you about Are You Telling Them?I'm speaking of the new book on Howto Converse Well and Make Speeches byBess Sondel. I began reading it becauseDr. Sondel 's first, Speak Up! was publishedby the Bookstore, and I had to see whatour "competitor" was doing with hersecond.You can imagine my surprise when Ifound myself continuing my reading because it was so sparkingly interesting.Maybe because it hit me in a vulnerablespot— as it may you. If you have ever hadto make a formal speech or merely talk toa group of people you wished awfully toimpress, you will know what I mean. Youwere scared! And me, too.Dr. Sondel, in this new book, will giveyou a semantic treatment which will dofor your inner self what lying on a beachin the Florida sun will do for your body.I don't mean she burns you up. You justhave that wonderful feeling all of a sudden that something has been added. Toyou! It's a wonderful feeling.She analyzes speech situations that youand I have experienced, and she criticizesactual conversations in which she has participated. Mr. Robert M. Hutchins'famous V-E Day speech is quoted verbatimand broken up into sections for analysis.Read that section aloud to someone andfeel the power of it.I don't know why I should be doing allthis talking when there are more important people who say such things as this:Hugh Walpole, author of Semantics,says: "I have read every word of it withinterest, pleasure, and profit. It is devastating in its appeal and strength."Charles Morris, author of Signs, Language and' Behavior, and member of thefaculty of the University of Chicago andthe New School for Social Research in NewYork, says: "Bess Sondel's Are You TellingThem? is an exciting, incisive, sound,really helpful manual for talkers, writers,and readers. And a spring tonic for thegrowth of confidence in oneself and one'slanguage. It is the book of its kind, andfar ahead of the field. It should go manyplaces fast, and all at once." Albert E. Barnett, THE NEW TESTAMENT:ITS MAKING AND MEANING (New York:Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1946) 304 pp.,$2.50Albert E. Barnett, THE LETTERS OF PAUL("A Guide for Bible Readers"; New York:Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1947), 160 pp.,$ .60In The New Testament: Its Making andMeaning, Professor Barnett, AM '28, PhD'32, Professor of New Testament andLiterature at Garrett Biblical Institute,has given us an introduction which is intended to meet the needs not only of college and seminary students, but also of"the general reader with a background ofliberal education." In dealing with eachof the twenty-seven books of the NewTestament, he seeks to answer the usualquestions dealt with in such introductions:(1) Who was its author? (2) Who wereits original readers? (3) When was itwritten? (4) where was it written? (5)What kind of situation occasioned its writing? (6) What is the author's message?Included also is a chapter on "The Originof the Gospels."Professor Barnett accepts Galatians asthe earliest extant Pauline letter, and heaccepts the theory that Ephesians was written as a covering letter for the Paulinecorpus. He places surprisingly little emphasis upon the use of Paul's letters as the primary sources for our knowledge ofPaul's activity, and indicates that the differences between Paul's letters and Actsare more apparent than real (p. 167) .It is surprising to find that ProfessorBarnett says, in footnote 42 on page 141that "Theta and its allied group" omitMark 16:9-20. Presumably by this hemeans Codices Theta, 28, 565, 700. Asfar as this reviewer is aware, none of theseso-called Caesarean witnesses ends at Mark16:8.The Letters of Paul, one of eight unitsthat make up the "Guide" series, is designed to make the reading of the Bibleitself as fruitful as possible. ProfessorBarnett divides Paul's ten letters intoninety-two "Readings." Each "Reading"is then examined: (1) by looking at itscontext and its place in Paul's thought;(2) by asking five questions which graspits principal emphases; and (3) by singlingout an emphasis useful for preaching ormeditation.The work is intended to be used inconnection with The Abingdon BibleCommentary and a modern translation ofthe New Testament.Based upon sound scholarship and wideexperience in the classroom, Professor Bar-nett's latest book will be most useful tothe layman and the minister alike.Merrill M. Parvis, PhD '44SEMANTICS"An informative term which refers to investigations(either theoretical or practical) of practical meansby which we may increase the communication valueof our terms,"as defined inARE YOU TELLING THEMby Bess SondelTo express those deep and importantthoughts you have — you must use fully thenewer linguistic developments. We have thebest books on the subject. In addition to''Are You Telling Them"READMeaning and Necessity. By Rudolph Carriap $5.00Signs, Language and Behavior. By Charles Morris. .$3.75Semantics. By Hugh Walpole $3.00Language in Action. By S. I. Hayahawa $1.50The Meaning of Meaning. By Ogden and Richards. .$3.75UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BOOKSTORE5802 ELLIS AVENUETHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume 39 June, 1947 Number 9PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORT EMILY D. BROOKEEditor Associate EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETTE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN THIS ISSUEReunion Program Inside front coverEditor's Memo Pad 1Books by Alumni 2Letters 3Sukiyaki 4Business Men and Free Enterprise, Laird Bell. 7The Gilkey Story, Elbert C. Cole 12The University House System, John A. Wilkinson 14News of the Quadrangles, Jeannette Lowrey 17Calendar 18News of the Classes 20Index, Volume 39 Outside back coverCOVER: West Tower of Harper from the Midway.Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price $3.00. Single copies 35 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New. York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.SpringOne of our one-act plays is in danger ofbeing produced by The Fine Arts Societyof Detroit. It is titled "A String of Pearls"and is not, we must confess, written for anunsophisticated (?) undergraduate audience—quite unlike a certain play called "ASummer Student" that was written andstaged by the writer on the Universitycampus in 1896. This show, with a bit ofmusic, was the first or one of the firststudent plays produced at Chicago, we believe. The so-called play was staged inKent Hall auditorium— the only suitablespace available at that time— and was a feature of "Academic Day" festivities that year.Whenever I visit the Chicago campus Ialways plan to take a reminiscent peek atthe old stage in Kent and in fond memoryrenew my romantic youth with that gayand talented cast of those care-free days,most of whom have long since made anexit from this world's unhappy stage. Wehope that they have long since found thefair fields of Elysium where war and rumorsof war are things of hate unknown to them.After fifty years or more, their old "stagemanager" proudly salutes them all!And now we think of it, and as a sortof belated confession, the "stage-manager"was in love' at the time (it was Spring, lad,it was Spring!) with his "leading lady" andhe himself chose to play the "leading man"part in the show, in order, we imagine, toimpart a realism to the love scenes he hadwritten. It was a "fat" enjoyable part forthe author to play, you may be sure. (Shewas a beautiful "star" and, as they say,"easy to make love to." We will neverforget her and her beauty, charm and acting ability.) So in memoriam, as it were,we have written these few lines to her, entitled "Sanctuary".Entomb my heart within these Gothic walls,Perchance her spirit may return this way,Seeking again among these hallowed hallsThe cherished love of our dear yesterday.Years, years ago, when life and love wereone,We drank full deep of love's enthrallingwine;Now she is dead— and my brief day is done-One thing alone remains— this shrine ofmineWell, Mr. Editor, it would seem that Springhas come again and the poets are "on theloose".Charles Sumner Pike, '96Detroit, Mich.Letter to an authorDear Mr. Griffith: Because of absence fromWashington on two long trips this winter,I only recently caught up with my homeleading, and read your article entitled"The Worm in the Rose" in the Februaryissue of the Alumni Magazine.It aroused my interest to an extentequalled by very few writings which havecome to my attention in recent years. Yourpoint, that man is now so near the end ofhis faith in his self-made gods that he may be ready to envisage a ruling power representing "eternal, unchanging truth whichhe could accept for its own sake and notfor the sake of gaining for himself eternallife" is vividly stated and well documented.Probably neither you nor I really thinkthat man will abandon his worship of agod made in his own image for a long, longtime. And yet your vision that the atomicbomb and atomic energy may destroy notonly old civilizations but old ideas arousesthe imagination.Of course, it is much easier to destroythings than to destroy ideas; much easier tobuild new buildings than to build newideas. But it is barely possible that notthe anticipation but the realization of annihilation by atomic energy may createsome new thinking even about God. As a University of Chicago graduate, Itook particular pleasure in the fact thatanother alumnus would write the articlethat you did and that the Alumni Magazinewould print it.Donald R. Richberg, '01Washington, D. C.Whenever I read a copy of the University of Chicago Magazine I have the samereaction: I feel that I should like to havepersons I care about, academic or otherwise, who are unfamiliar with our University see the copy and derive from it theirimpressions of us.Edith Foster Flint, '97Chicago, III.3SUKIYAKA Lot of Things with a Little MeatWhile Uncle Sam was striding across islands on his wayfo Tokyo he was training officers at the University to takeover the civil government when he arrived. One of theseofficers, in civilian life, operated his own advertising agencyin California. After arriving- in Tokyo this ad man borrowedfrom his free time to write informal impressions to his wifewho, in turn, shared them with his American friends viathe mimeograph. So vivid and clever have been his reportswe asked to share them with you. The author prefers toremain anonymous so that fellow officers and friends won'ithink he's trying to be a foreign correspondent. — Editor.THE more discerning of the gourmets who enjoy thisdish of Sukiyaki will note that it is dated Februaryin Tokyo and mailed out from Los Angeles. This isnecessary in that there is a severe shortage in Tokyo dueto the fire which burned down the GHQ warehouse.Paper for such trivia as this is not available and civiliansupplies are strictly rationed. Even the daily newspaperswere reduced to tabloid size of a few pages. So, the dishis prepared in Japan and ladled out Stateside so that youmay have a larger helping and to conserve on paperhere. 'Scuse please.Elevating SignSIGN next to the elevator in theOsaka Hotel, a women's billet inTokyo, reads "Elevator Operated. Lookat your Feet." Which is the Japaneseway of announcing that the elevator isnow in operation and warning to "watchyour step."The Face of TokyoTHE frightened look of fear and despair which characterized the face of Tokyo a year ago Septemberhas changed to one of determination and hope, with alittle uncertainty mixed into the expression. Thousandsof little wooden homes have replaced those which lay aspiles of ashes a year ago.Thousands of little shops and sidewalk stands havesprung up selling a myriad of items, some of them cheapnew home manufactures, some leftovers from 1945 orbefore, some^brought in from hiding places in the countryside as agents for the owners who need cash to meetsky-rocketing black market costs, but a large part of thesestocks of merchandise seems to be that salvaged from theruins of burnt out places of business and plants, obviouslyacquired through patient scavenging and repair. Manyof the larger buildings and most of the damaged factoriesare still just burnt out shells beyond repair, war createdmonstrosities the grotesqueness of which would matchthe brush of a Dali, The PeopleTHE people are friendly, sometimes cooperative to afault, and trying hard, I feel, to put into motion theirunderstanding of democracy. Whether or not their leaders share the full belief in this new freedom we shall haveto wait for history to tell. A way of life developed overthe centuries which left no room for the individual toprogress or express himself is difficult to uproot and replace overnight and has retarded the transition. Thebonds of Japanese tradition, far more binding than theAmerican mind can readily apprehend, shackle the common Japanese and cause this infant freedom to suffermore severe growing pains.The important question is whether or not Japan willbe able to achieve the end point of real freedom. Givena directing hand by us and freed of the domination of themilitary and corrupt leadership, they should reach thegoal of democracy, IF we are willing to finish the job. Ibelieve it was General MacArthur who cautioned not tounderestimate the Japanese. Personally, I believe that,freed of restrictions, Japan's economy would reboundmore rapidly than most feel it would. Restrictions arenecessary to be sure it doesn't rebound to the position itoccupied before and during the war, so constructed asto oppress the people, hold down the standard of living,and devised to make the entire economy a tool of war.We must insist that the Japanese revise their entire industrial structure and set their sights on the new objectiveof living at peace with the world, economically and industrially as well as militarily.Safety guaranteedONE sees many masterpieces of merchandising. Recently someonestole a cow from an agricultural experimental laboratory which had been usedfor testing vaccines. This meat foundits way into the black market and resulted in press warnings against buying or eating whatwas most likely poisoned meat. One restaurant whichspecialized in "beef steaks" posted the following sign atthe height of this scare "Absolute Safety Guaranteed forOur Beefsteaks. We Are Using Horse Meat as Heretofore".LaborONE of the benefits of the new way of life in Japanis a wave of strikes. Nearly four million workershave organized into over 12,000 unions, tied togetheron a national scale similar to the AFL and CIO. Therehave been newspaper, radio, electrical workers, movieand lots of other strikes but the most severe of them was4THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5so mild in comparison to the way we do it in the Statesthat they would hardly be referred to as a strike there.Many of them have as much political as economic significance.In the States the strikes cripple entire areas and industries. Here the strikers must be careful that theydo not take any action which might directly or indirectlyinterfere with or hinder the Occupation. Labor had notbeen allowed to organize on its own before we took over.Thus the clumsiness of the strike leaders is matched. onlyby the inexperience of management and the governmentis dealing with this weapon which is fundamental to thestruggle of labor.Where but in Japan would strikers feel they were winning a point by embarrassing their employer and makinghim "lose face"? Take the railway workers for instance.They are reported to have stayed on the job but conducted their strike by operating the trains a few minutesoff-schedule. Or the postal workers who reportedly expressed their dissatisfaction with their pay by refusing toaccept it. Here these moral weapons seem to cut deeperthan the strong-arm methods with which we are morefamiliar.Taxed taxi dancersIF you think your taxes are high, consider the taxidance hall girls in Tokyo who complained to thegovernor that they couldn't live "a carefree and luxuriouslife" unless the 100% tax on their earnings was lifted.I'm inclined to agree.Tapping the touristSINCE I have been in Japan I haveheard hundreds of times from per- ./^v.sons who have viewed her scenic beau- ^"^ties the comment "Why doesn't Japan hJ$&lL<build up her tourist trade and capitalize ^*£ \ZJ'on her position as the 'Switzerland ofthe Far East'. The age of rapid transportation hasbroken down the barrier of distance". The All- JapanSight Seeing Federation has come up with the answer.They announced a 5-year plan to convert Nippon intoa paradise for foreign travelers at a cost of ten billionyen. This program calls for increasing the number offoreign style hotels from 105 to 500, providing themwith swimming pools, tennis courts, dining-dancingrooms, western-style plumbing, beds and other things towhich Westerners are accustomed. All this will have towait for signing of the peace pact and resumption oftravel but they are planning to get ready to eventuallyhandle the needs of between 300,000 and 500,000 touristsa year and they expect them to spend 10 billion yen annually. I, for one, would like to revisit Japan manytimes, not only to witness the changes in the cities andthe people under their new way of life, but also to enjoythe scenic beauties which abound in this land where theycount age by centuries when talking about this temple orthat piece of art. Pity the passengerYOU must witness a Japanese trainto fully comprehend the meaning ^^^r^"^of the words "packed to the gills". To /^^^&^ride one of these Japanese trains (which £> o QC&-J\^are "Off Limits") is to fully appreciate J^^~^^the vast expanse of room a sardine enjoys during his stay in a can. People here sleep standingup without fearing that they may fall down.When a train is packed full there is always room fora couple hundred more in each car — or so they seem tothink. Coupled with the crowd are the many choice odorsof fish and bags full of other odoriferous items. When noone else could possibly get aboard a car, fifty othersclimb in and the station guards push a dozen or more inbefore closing the doors. Then fifty more clamber between the cars and ride in semi-suspension. Some dozenmore climb atop the car. When the train comes to astop, they pile out the windows as well as the doors. Thoseon the inside could never reach the doors. I tell you, it'sa feat of magic.Despite the desperate attempts on the part of the railway officials to cut down train accidents, 3800 personshave been killed or injured in train accidents betweenMay and September, 1946. Over 1280 met their deathriding locomotives, standing on car couplings, and precariously hanging onto the outside of cars. How theyever get through the tunnels, which abound here, I can'tunderstand.The amazing thing about it, too, is the utter disregardmost people have for loss of human life. One Japanesejeep driver ran into a woman, knocked her over and almost ran over her. Neither he nor the passers-by paidany attention to the woman and it took a couple of Americans to pick her up and call an ambulance. The Japanese just look at the results of an accident and seem tosay to themselves, "Well, it happened, so what?"Travel may be broadening but ....WHEN you start complaining about train service inthe States, it might be well to take a look-see atwhat they are faced with in Japan. Picture four largeislands, covering a land area about the size of Montanawith the entire center of these islands 75% mountainous.Two-thirds of Nippon's 16,000 miles of trackage are ongrades; one third is on curves; bridges average four permile; there are over 1,200 tunnels; 50% of the totalmileage is in the south half of one island, Honshu; it ismostly single track, the longest length of double trackbeing 680 miles. Perhaps one of the larger U. S. railroads has more mileage than all Japan.Put these statistics together with the fact that in 1944,the peak year for all American railroads, 994,000,000passengers were carried, In 1945, Japanese railroads6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEcarried 6,894,000,000 people. Many were city folks going into the country to get food. According to Japaneseestimates, over 65% of them carry food on their backs,either for personal use or resale on the black market.Deterioration of equipment due to the war and the severestrain of passenger traffic, as well as coal shortages, havecaused bad bottlenecks in shipment of freight which before the war was transported by water on long hauls.Coastwise shipping was pretty effectively deposited onthe bottom of the sea and harbors by our bombing missions and is a long way from being replaced. Don't getthe impression that Occupation use of transportation isa factor in retarding recovery. There are only 602Allied cars and but a small portion of the coal allocatedis for military use. Japan has plenty of railroad carsbut few are in good shape. Every effort is being madeto rehabilitate this rolling stock. On an allocated 654,000tons of coal, the Japanese expected to move nine milliontons of freight in January, 1947."Youngest" roomsWHEN they began repapering the wall in the DaiIti Hotel some time ago, they posted the followingsign "Youngest rooms will be redecorated first." Bafflednon-linguists soon learned that the Japanese phrase for"youngest" also means "newest," "freshest," "one withthe lowest numbers," etc.Bombs in the Ernie PylePROBABLY more folks in the States have heard ofthe Ernie Pyle Theater in Tokyo than of any otheramusement center in the Orient. The more than 800,000persons who have passed through its portals since itopened in February, 1946, have praised its class andfacilities in their letters and Ernie's fellow correspondentshave extolled its merits.Built by Toho, owner of most of Japan's theaters, onlythree theaters in the world (one being Radio City MusicHall in New York) outrank it. It excels anything in theOrient. Completed late in 1933, formerly known asTakarazuka Gekijo (named after a famous operatictroupe from Osaka) its architect toured Europe andAmerica before building it. Seating 2,766 persons, itformely had several restaurants, a tea room, souvenirstands and an eel shop within its walls. Its basementgrill is now a GI coffee shop. It has a main stage 78feet wide, three rising stages, a 48-foot revolving center-stage, wing stages and five spotlight rooms to light thesestages.For twenty months after the Japanese Governmentstopped elaborate entertainment in 1944, the huge theaterwas turned into a factory to manufacture the freak"balloon bombs", a few of which landed in Oregon andWashington. Now the huge edifice has not only a maintheater, but a newsreel theater, a large library snackbar, rooftop dancing when weather permits, music roomsand many lounges. M ICHIRO ITO, famous in NewYork as a producer and dancing instructor, has produced many ofthe fine shows here, utilizing Japanesechoruses along with GI and CampShow talent. The manager of the ErniePyle Theater had to get on his hands and knees to teachthe Nip help how to scrub their floors and had to firea dozen workers who insisted on frying their fish in themain lobby at lunch time. Reasonable current moviesand fine USO shows pack the theater afternoon andnight while the other facilities draw thousands moredaily, all of which makes life in this "fox-hole" a greatdeal more pleasant.No wonder we sometimes wonderSURVEY by a local newspaper indicated that youngJapanese are confused about American democracywhich teaches equality of the sexes and believe that weare not practicing what we preach. Why? The Japanesecomplain that Americans place women on a pedestal, ina position superior to men.Shakes hit the NipsWITHOUT minimizing the earthquake of December 21, 1946, which some said was more severethan the one in 1923 but fortunately was centered off thecoast, not a single member of the Occupation forceswas killed or seriously injured and no Allied property orequipment suffered extensive damage. Some Japanesemarvel at this as a miracle inasmuch as our personnelwere scattered through the areas where 1,600 Japanesewere killed, another 1,600 injured, 150,000 made homeless; tunnels, bridges and roadbeds damaged by thequake, fire and tidal waves. Yank efficiency put most ofthe damaged facilities back into operation within a fewdays and directed distribution of medical supplies andrelief items to stricken areas with such dispatch as tomake the Japanese eyes pop out.So sorry, pleaseEVERYONE at the 28th GeneralHospital, Osaka, was anxious to ^Y^help decorate the Christmas tree. The <^ r^Vohead librarian, in charge of the cere- g£<-sdL vmony, had announced "After lunch (-(jySr^-4Jwe'll all trim the tree." The assistantlibrarian, a Japanese, couldn't wait. When the staffcame back from lunch they found the assistant librarianbusily "trimming" the tree — limb by limb with pruningshears.Fish famineGETTING enough to eat is the major down-to-earthproblem facing Japanese in the next few years.Rehabilitation of the fishing industry, practically destroyed by the war, seems the most likely solution. Jap-(Concluded on Page 19)BUSINESS MEN AND FREE ENTERPRISE• By LAIRD BELL, JD '07Chiselerswere damnedWE HAVE heard a great deal in the last fifteenyears about the beauties of free enterprise. Business men in particular have insisted that if onlyenterprise were left free most of our economic troubleswould be solved, and our social troubles as well. Thebusiness man who doesn't profess a passionate devotion tofree enterprise is a rarity. However, one can but wonderhow sincere these protestations are. The record doesn'tseem too clear.Of course it is dangerous to generalize about businessmen. There are just as many kinds of business men asthere are kinds of people. Some are broadminded andfar-sighted, and some, subject to the current balancesheet, even have a social conscience. One might go sofar as to risk the generalization that social conscience increases with the size and importance of the concern.On the other hand, as one goes down the economicscale there seem to be fewer and fewer business men whocould be called broadminded or far-sighted or who wouldknow what a social conscience is. I don't mean to becensorious. Most business men are engaged in a desperate struggle to keep their heads above water. The marginbetween- success and failure in business is after all sonarrow, and management has so small a segment of thecustomer's dollar to make mistakes with, that the manager cannot be blamed much for having his eye on thismonth's earnings statement and not taking much timeto develop the long view. But it is far from clear thatability to meet a payroll and economic wisdom arenecessarily twin companions.What is meant by this free enterprise that businessmen praise? It probably means different things to different people, but it may not be unfair to take the definition of the official spokesman of a top business organization. In November 1945 the president of the NationalAssociation of Manufacturers said fervently before aHouse Committee that "prosperity in the past has cometo this country through the free exchange of goods andservices," and proposed reestablishment of "the Americansystems of free employment, free production and freemarkets."A more colorful statement appeared some years ago,just as the New Deal and more government regulationwere appearing over the horizon; some business menprinted full page advertisements setting forth a statement of Macaulay's as a sort of credo, the sonorousperiods of which probably represented a large segment ofthought in their day and seemed to give satisfaction tosome in our day. It read: "Our rulers will best promote the improvement of the peopleby strictly confining themselves to their own legitimate duties— byleaving capital to find its most lucrative course, commoditiestheir fair prices, industry and intelligence their natural reward,idleness and folly their natural punishment. ..."Has business in fact been content to let capital findits most lucrative course and commodities their fairprices? Has it wholeheartedly believed in the free exchange of goods and services, in free production, andfree markets? Let us look at the record.Anyone could start a bankA century ago banks represented magnificiently freeenterprise. At least in the western states, anybody couldstart a bank and issue what in effect was currency withboth freedom and enterprise. Capital was clearly findingits most lucrative course. It certainly was at the insistence of the business community that free enterprise inthis field was curtailed. Business would hardly welcomenow a return to unregulated banking.The railway system spread its web over the UnitedStates under the conditions of free enterprise. The enterprises found exceedingly lucrative courses. They also intheir own discretion fixed prices, i.e., those freight ratesand conditions of service which can make or break communities. Not only were communities discriminatedagainst in published rates, but individual shippers whowere sufficiently enterprising got private rates — i.e., secretrebates. It was a sort of carnival of free enterprise.It was business that insisted upon restraining theseand similar activities and upon setting up the first ofthose bureaucratic boards against which we have heardso much outcry. The Interstate Commerce Act merelyrequired rates to be reasonable and non-discriminatoryand set up the Interstate Commerce Commission to carryout that mandate. This doesn't seem outrageous to usnow, but it certainly was a major attack on the freedomof enterprise of the railroads, and business generally applauded.Banks and railroads were our first big business enterprises, but, particularly after the Civil War, many businesses began to expand greatly and the so-called trustsmade their appearance. Big businesses began to gobbleup little businesses. Big businesses under-sold little ones.Big businesses approached monopoly. Capital found itslucrative course, although it didn't follow that commodities found their fair prices. While of course there was apublic interest in restraining this, it was also the interestof multitudinous small business men that furnished muchof the drive to restrain that particular type of free enterprise and to put the Sherman Law on the books.78 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThere is a back-lash from all this that should pleasethose with a taste for the ironic. Certainly the philosophyof the Sherman Law was preservation of the competitivefree enterprise system. Yet when Thurman Arnold someyears ago began really to press prosecutions under thelaw the business community was frantically indignant.Arnold's methods were perhaps not above criticism, butthe purpose and effect of his activities were clearly topromote competition, and to keep our economy competitive. But the rugged individualists of business werenot pleased.Who demanded the tariff . . .If capital is to be left to find its most lucrative courseand commodities their fair prices without governmentalinterference, or if we genuinely believe in free production and free markets, some little question might beraised about the tariff. It would be hard to find anyother single factor in the economic scene which so definitely interferes with either capital or prices. In theother cases that I have mentioned, the interest of thepublic coincided with that of business men, but when wecome to the tariff we enter the business man's almostexclusive domain. Protection is for the producer, not theconsumer.For more than a hundred years business men havepleaded with the government to build them a wall whichwould shelter them from foreign capital seeking its lucrative course, and from the embarrassment of having tomeet some one else's idea of a fair price. I am not goingto enter into a free trade agument at this point. Perhapson the whole the country developed better under a protective tariff, at least in its early ye^irs before the tariffbecame prohibitive and before we became a creditornation. But a protected economy is by definition one inwhich enterprise is not free.... fair trade laws . . .The United States Supreme Court held some yearsback in a series of decisions that the manufacturer of apatented or trademarked article could not, after he hadsold it to a retailer, control the price at which the retailermight sell it to his customers. The whole philosophy ofthis decision was freedom of enterprise and letting pricesfind their own level. This was fine for the cut-rate druggists and similar enterprising operators, and the consumerwas made very happy.Far from being satisfied with this manifestation of theworking of free enterprise, however, business menthroughout the country rallied in opposition. Theysecured from Congress the passage of the Miller- Tydingslaw which legalized resale price maintenance, and securedfrom the legislature of many states the passage of theso-called "fair trade laws." These all in effect forbadeprice cutting, and the free functioning of the competi tive system. These laws may have seemed "fair" to theretailer who couldn't stand the force of competition; butthey do not represent free enterprise.. . . the Robinson-Patman Act . . .In passing, one might mention the Robinson-PatmanAct which small business men asked for, to curb the unfortunate tendency of sellers to let prices find a naturallevel; and also the continuous efforts of Congress to "dosomething" for small business men. These present the interesting paradox of free enterprisers asking for laws torestrain other enterprisers from being too free.Former President Hoover has generally been regardedas favoring free enterprise. Yet when things began to gobad in 1930 and 1931, it was under his administrationthat the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was invented. It certainly was not a free enterprise law. Itpoured government money into concerns which by thelaws of economic survival should have gone down. Itchanged free enterprise from direction of a corporationat home to activity in ringing door bells in Washington.Perhaps even more significant was the fact that underHoover, who certainly can't be described as a Socialist,the federal government frankly took over a large degreeof direct responsibility for the economic welfare of thecountry. Of course it had long accepted some responsibility — in tariffs, bank and other regulation — but when itcame to direct interposition to preserve the solvency ofbusinesses, commencement of public works, pegging farmprices, recommendations as to reduced hours of work atthe same pay, and the like, it remained for a businessman's administration to take these steps.The New Deal cannot be blamed for starting thepractice, of which business has been increasingly guilty,of running to Washington for help whenever a newtrouble appears.. . . and had N.R.A. field day?The best of all illustrations of how little business reallyhas wanted free enterprise can be found in the historyof the NRA. Here business was invited to fix its ownrules. Every branch and subdivision of business wasauthorized to organize without fear of the Sherman Lawand to create a body or "authority" comprised of its ownpeople with wide powers over the particular industry, andto adopt a code of conduct having the force of law overOnce each year we seem to find ourselves unable toresist passing on to our readers a provocative disquisitionby Trustee Laird Bell (Insecurity for Graduates, April, 1945;Policy Over Berlin, January, 1946). Business Men and FreeEnterprise was originally presented at the University Forum—sponsored by University College— and revised for publishing in the MAGAZINE.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9every one in the industry. They drew up their own laws.These codes, therefore, presumably reflected what business really wanted.Every little tag-end of business flocked to Washingtonto take advantage of this golden opportunity to writelaws for themselves — the paper cup industry, the corsetand brassiere industry, and so on. And there were in themmore restrictions on free enterprise than the New Dealever dreamed of.The amount that any manufacturer could producewas restricted. New businesses could not be started without consent of the Code Authority. Minimum prices wereminutely specified, and specified high enough to insure alittle profit to the least competent units. Regulation afterregulation was issued as the Code Authority attempted tokeep up with the ingenuity of citizens who tried tobe more enterprising than others.Any one who undertook to sell at less than the officialprices was denounced as a chiseler. It was more damningto be tagged as a chiseler then than as a Red now, thoughit must be recognized that today's plutocrat was oftenyesterday's chiseler. Every practice that the membershad found annoying in their competitors they prohibited.They even regulated the number of matches that couldbe given away with cigarettes. And when it came toquestionnaires and reports the code authorities spreadthemselves in a way that no New Deal bureaucrat wouldever have dared.That rugged individualist — the farmerAre farmers business men? Certainly they are merchants when it comes to disposing of their crops. And ifMr. Gallup were to ask them he would probably find thata high percentage of them believed fervently in freeenterprise. They don't, for example, like a tariff that keepsup the price of what they have to buy. But it is hard toremember a time when government wasn't being em-plored to do something for the farmers. The last thingthey seem to want is to have farm prices seek their naturallevel. They have had tariffs and subsidies and soil conservation benefits. They have taken what amount tobribes to do the kind of good farming they should havedone in their own interest anyway. They have securedassurances that goevrnment stands ready to buy theirproduct at a minimum price, but they are not bound tosell at that price — they can be free enterprisers on a risingmarket but clinging vines and poor relations on a fallingmarket. It is rugged individualism, with guaranteed safety — a one-way street.King Cotton wants freedom and protectionCotton recently had a sinking spell. Before that it hadbeen going along very nicely and as long as prices wererising and consumers were paying the freight Southerncongressmen clamored for a free market. But when themarket collapsed, the same Southern congressmen howled for the government to do something about cotton asloudly as they had once howled about leaving it alone.Some asked a government corporation to buy up a million bales to create an artificial shortage and force up theprice. Some asked that the OP A lift its restrictions on themills so that the enterprisers in the milling line couldcharge more to consumers and could therefore afford topay more for raw cotton.Consolidation kills competition . . .All the foregoing has involved in one way or anothergovernmental action which interferes with free enterprise in its purest form. But even outside the governmental field one can justify some doubts about theenthusiasm of business as a whole for free enterprise.For ever since the gay 90s business itself has been eliminating free enterprise. Every time a business has boughtout a competitor, every time there has been a merger,free enterprise has been restricted to some degree. It maybe true that larger units make for efficiency and cheaperproducts and that the consumer benefits when a strongconcerns absorbs a weaker one. But that there's lessfield left for individual enterprise can scarcely be denied.The irresistible tendency of business seems to be towardlarger and larger aggregations of capital. When, forexample, we observe the limited number of steel companies, the fact that there are practically only four coppercompanies, three or four major automobile companies anduntil recently only one aluminum company, and when weconsider the capital necessary to go into competition withthese industries already established, how much scope isthere left for free enterprise in those fields?A report to the Senate on Economic Concentration inWorld War II filed last summer asserts that 250 corporations owned some two-thirds of the United Statesmanufacturing facilities at the close of the war. Theindividual enterpriser that starts in such a field has needof ambition and courage indeed.. . . leaves executives insecure . . .There is also another aspect of this trend towardlarger and larger units of business that I do not thinkhas received sufficient attention. Free enterprise is surelynot for corporations alone. It should also be for individuals. But what happens to an individual executive whenthe corporation for which he works is absorbed into another? What happens when the number of differentemployers for whom he is qualified to work is reduced?Just inevitably there are less jobs at the top and lessexecutive jobs all the way down.Large rewards for enterprise may go to a few, but thenumber who can share is restricted a little each time twocorporations are put together or one corporation takesover a larger portion of its field.What does this do to the enterprise of the lesser executives? They know very well that once they pass, say,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE50 years their chance of another good job is negligible.How free can a man be when he has to hang desperatelyon to his job? Taking risks is the essence of the free enterprise system; but an executive cannot afford to takethe same risk with some one else's property that he couldwith his own. Also, if his risk doesn't pay out his job isin danger.. . . and kills initiativeAnd how far can the minor executive exercise his ownideas of enterprise? How independent can he be in differing with the boss? Yet how much progress can bemade if all subordinates are yes men? Wise executivesencourage independence in their subordinates; but notall executives are wise, or big enough to stand beingshown up as not themselves infallible. The temptation tolet the boss do the enterprising must be pretty strong.The system does not tend to breed a hardy race of individual enterprisers.A generation ago no one thought of a compulsoryretirement age of 65 except a few of the more staticbusinesses like railroads. Now a first question about aconcern is "does it have a retirement plan?" Those whoask this are thinking, not in terms of enterprise, not interms of taking risks or getting great rewards, but ofsecurity.What I have said is probably illustration enough atleast to make my point, if not actually to labor theobvious. I have tried to show from several angles that ithas been the business community that has encroachedon simon-pure free enterprise. They have wanted torestrict it in public services they used like banks andrailroads; they have wanted to restrict it when someone else's freedom had unpleasant effects on their own,as in monopolies and tariffs; they have wanted to re-trict it where restraint of others' freedom had very pleasant immediate effects on themselves, as in farm productsand the so-called Fair Trade acts. And they have beenapparently unconscious of the restriction of free enterprise associated with larger and larger units.Business asked for it but . . .Now let's look at some of the measures that have beenfought in the name of free enterprise. Early legislationfor safety in factories was fought as an attack on freeenterprise. Prohibition of child labor was fought on thesame ground. I might remind you that Miss Jane Ad-dams in her early years at Hull House was regarded as adangerous radical, in fact (horrid word at that time)a Socialist, because she was promoting legislation for aneight hour limitation of work for women in industry.Workmen's compensation laws were in their early dayscondemned as socialistic or collectivist. Legislation tocompel honesty in the sale of securities has been foughtwith the same epithets. The Pure Food and Drug Act,which required manufacturers of these commodities to tell what they were really selling, has been charged withencroaching on free enterprise.The catalogue could be extended indefinitely, and itisn't. :a record of which the advocates of free enterprise canbe proud. In fact, when one considers the restrictionson free enterprise which business itself has asked for inthe past, and the social advances now conceded to beworthy which it has fought under the slogan of freeenterprise, it is hard to avoid the suspicion that businessis less interested in freedom and enterprise than in keepingthings comfortably as they are.. . . the dice have been loadedI don't want to be unfair. A good many allowancesshould be made for the business man's frame of mind. Hecertainly has been pushed around for the last twelveor fifteen years. We have had in fact a Labor Government. It might have been easier to take if it had franklyworn that label, rather than being dressed up in softphrases like the more abundant life. Undoubtedly business has been the official whipping boy and from theSupreme Court down has had precious little sympathy orhelp from government.The dice have been loaded against management inmany areas, notably in labor laws. Management must bargain collectively with labor but labor is not compelled tobargain collectively with management. Management hashad to submit its troubles to administrative boards thatwere both prosecutor and judge, and not too well schooledin how to be judge.Business has been staggering under taxes hitherto undreamed of in amount and tax laws magnificently obscurein content. It has waded knee deep in forms and reportsand questionnaires. Substantial industries have sprungup in supplying business men with loose-leaf informationeach morning of that day's orders and directives affecting business.Business has suffered from the administrative ineptitude of the New Deal and from the inevitable chaos ofconversion from peace to war and back again. It hassuffered from legislation not only by the Senate andHouse but the Supreme Court. And just as it was gettingup a little hope of better days the Supreme Court climaxed its debonair career of writing its own laws by handing down its portal-to-portal decision, with a stumpspeech by Justice Murphy in the guise of an opinion.One shouldn't be too critical of business men's complaining.But the grievances of business are not adequate excusefor the quite shameless way the principle of free enterprise has been abused in the past and certainly bids fairto be abused in the future.Not much fun in betweenThe concept of free enterprise is worthy of real devotion. It is part and parcel of the life of free men. It is* the underlying principle of a society in which each manTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11has a fair chance to attain what his ability and characterentitle him to; which is what I understand by freedomand democracy. And we have so far been justified in afaith that the strivings of millions of men to better themselves will produce a higher standard of living and ahappier national life than the best planning of a Politburo or the Archangels themselves.I view with concern the shift in our national thoughtfrom the life of hard work and adventure to one ofshorter hours, more pay and above all security. A tiredeconomy like Britain's may well concentrate on security.I hope it will be long before we are content with securityfrom cradle to grave and not much fun in between. WhatI am protesting is the cheapening of the sound idea behind free enterprise so that it becomes a slogan againstall change.'We are entering times that will put our system to thetest. We are going to need all the vigor and all thecourage and all the resourcefulnessS;hat true freedom ofenterprise implies to get through the next decades. Letme read you a little discussion of our next depression:"Modern society with its relations of production, ofexchange and of property, a society that has conjured up suchgigantic means of production and of exchange, is like thesorcerer, who is no longer able to control the powers of thenether world whom he has called up by his spells. For many adecade past the history of industry and commerce is but thehistory of the revolt of modern productive forces against modernconditions of production It is enough to mention the commercial crises that by their periodical return put on its trial,each time more threateningly, the existence of the entire society. In these crises a great part not only of the existingproducts, but also of the previously created productive forces, areperiodically destroyed. In these crises there breaks out an epidemic that, in all earlier epochs, would have seemed an absurdity-the epidemic of over-production. Society suddenly finds itselfput back into a state of momentary barbarism; it appears as if afamine, a universal war of devastation had cut off the supply ofevery means of subsistence; industry and commerce seem to bedestroyed; and why? Because there is too much civilization, toomuch means of subsistence, too much industry, too much commerce."The "modern" society there described was society exactly 100 years ago. It is taken from the CommunistManifesto written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engelsin 1847 — verbatim except that I left out the word "bourgeois" in a couple of places lest you guess it too soon. Andthe Communists are not wondering whether they cancope with the problems of society. They know they havethe answer. They are sure they're right and they're onthe march. The Soviets have a faith and a philosophyand a fanaticism about their ideology that make it, rightor wrong, an aggressive, dynamic thing. If we fail tohandle the recurrent economic crises by our system offree enterprise, the Communists will be waiting rightthere ready to tell us how to do it.Give free enterprise a chanceThis is not an invitation, to, Jook under the bed for aBolshevik, nor a call to-* all good men to join the packthat seems to* be forming for pursuit of every type ofliberal as a Red. It is a plea to give free enterprise achance. To meet the aggressive, dynamic ideology of Communism we must have an ideology at least equallyaggressive and dynamic. The ideology of free enterpriseis a dynamic one, if it is genuine. A policy of oppositionto change, a policy of security, a policy of protection andeconomic isolationism, is not dynamic. We have need tomake our faith in free enterprise real.SupposeHow is this to be done? Making speeches at banquetswon't make it function. To make it really free the impulse must come from inside us, from an abiding faith,without cant, and with a determination to make it work.But a few outward and visible signs might indicate theexistence of an inward and spiritual economic grace thatwould give heart to others. Some samples might berisked.Suppose, for example, that more business men wereto lower the prices of their product instead of lecturinglabor on the evils of the inflationary spiral — at the sametime that they publish an annual statement showing record profits (after just a few post O.P.A. price "adjustments").Or suppose that business should concentrate on howto make a better mousetrap at a lower cost without anygovernmental help in taxes, tariffs and the like.Suppose business were to back up the State Department's efforts through trade agreements to reduce thesuffocating effects of our tariff on world trade. Supposeeven the fanciful idea that a business man were not tofight a reduction in the tariff on his own product andwere to keep his trade association secretary away fromthe protest hearings. He might reflect that automobilesgot to be our leading industry by making a better, cheaperproduct without benefit of tariff or subsidy.Perhaps it is ungracious to suggest some real study ofeconomics, but do business men recognize any economiclaw except supply and demand? Do they genuinely recognize that you can't sell without buying, and can't exportwithout importing? Do they know as much about theimpact of the minimum wage, for instance, as the laborunion representative across the table? Could it be thatprofessors really know some economics even thoughthey've never met a pay roll? The Committee for Economic Development, one of the most serious efforts atpractical economics, earnestly believes in free enterpriseand yet has not been above listening to professors. Perhaps business might consider a more fervent support ofthat Committee as one means of helping free enterprisework.Business .might to advantage police some of its lessenlightened members. It does not really promote acceptance of free enterprise when heads of great organizationsgo about making speeches that sound as if nothing hadhappened since Coolidge. An interesting illustration ofsome business statesmanship occurred recently in whatmight have been thought an unlikely place.{Concluded on Inside Back Cover)THE GILKEY STORY• By ELBERT C. COLE, D.B. '42Home begins onthe second floorOUR story begins toward the end of 1910, whenMr. Rockefeller presented a gift that made provision for the erection of a University Chapel.In that Mandel Hall Convocation audience sat CharlesWhitney Gilkey, a young bachelor from the East whohad, just the month before, begun his work as the Minister of the Hyde Park Baptist Church. Harvard hadawarded him A.B. (Magna Cum Laude) and A.M. degrees and Union Theological Seminary granted him aB.D. degree as well as the chance to study two years atBerlin, Marburg, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Oxford. President Burton met him while abroad and was instrumentalin bringing him to Chicago. Eighteen years later, thesetwo 1910 incidents met again as a completed Chapel andits first Dean.Mr. Gilkey had made the most of the intervening years,establishing a notable record as a successful pastor. Hefrequently represented the University as he did on theHaskell Lectures to a half dozen universities and collegesin India. For ten years, until his appointment on thefaculty, he served as a Trustee of the University.Mr. Gilkey soon became familiar with the religious organizations on the quadrangles, at least he married theexecutive secretary of the campus Y.W.C.A., Miss Ger-aldine Gunsaulus Brown, who through the years has beenan inseparable part of this team.Dean Gilkey retires July 30th after 37 years in theUniversity community; eighteen years as pastor of theHyde Park Baptist Church; and nineteen years as Deanof the University Chapel.The idea of a university chapel was not new to university campuses. Schools like Yale, Harvard, Princeton,Stanford and Columbia already had university chapelsbut provided little direction to the new Dean when heassumed office. The task of hewing out the purposes ofthe Chapel rested heavily upon his shoulders.The precept of the donor that the Chapel should be "adominant feature of the University group," had beennobly carried out by the architect, Bertram GrosvenorGoodhue, and turned into a great symbol of stone. AsMr. Gilkey stated in his final sermon at the Hyde ParkBaptist Church: "The great idea there uttered is that auniversity is not simply a mass of facts nor a collection ofspecialized departments; it is a spiritual unity pervadedby a common aspiration and motivated by a common consecration. Part of its genius and function is to help itsstudents and teachers alike to a unified and upward-looking outlook on life."Most people thought of the Chapel as mainly an ap propriate setting for many of the functions of the University, such occasions as Convocation and special programs for dignitaries. Others believed the Chapel wouldfulfill its function by the sheer beauty of its lines. Manyanticipated the religious services that would now be possible in a superior setting to Mandel Hall, where members of the University had worshipped since 1903.But it is apparent that very few caught the real significance of the words of Mr. Rockefeller. "Thus it willbe proclaimed that the University in its ideal is dominated by the spirit of religion. All of its departmentsare inspired by religious feeling and all its work is directed to the highest ends." The implications of Mr.Rockefeller's words were missed or ignored by mostpeople.In the minds of a few, the Chapel was to play anessential part in binding the members of the Universitycommunity together around the expression and articulation of common ideals and goals. This task was farbeyond the reach of one man or one generation, but Mr.Gilkey devoted himself through the years to step by stepprogress of "translating the Chapel from symbolic stoneinto quickening life."At the time of the dedication of the Chapel, there waslittle organized religious life on the quadrangles exceptfor the effective work of the Y.W.C.A. What has evolvedthrough these nineteen years has its similarities to theCornell aud Princeton religious programs but adaptedto the peculiarities of the University of Chicago. Thewarm and friendly attitude of Dean and Mrs. Gilkeyhas stamped a cooperative attitude on religious leadersand groups alike. This does not mean that religiousdifferences have been ignored but rather frankly recognized with skill and understanding. Mr. Gilkey hasshown a talented ability to guide divergent interests andpersonalities toward meeting common tasks.Until recently, all of the religious groups occupied adjoining offices in the Chapel basement. These facilitieswere totally inadequate and as the opportunity affordeditself, DeSales House was founded for Catholic students;Hillel for Jewish students; and Chapel House for Protestant and general religious activities. Chapel House provides common facilities for all of the Protestant groups.The work of the denominational groups has alwaysbeen encouraged by the Dean but not to the exclusionof that large number of students who are, as the DeanElbert Ct Cole served as Assistant to the Dean of theChapel while he was working for his Bachelor of Divinitydegree. This was followed by three and a half years as aNavy Chaplain — the last two on the famous flat top, U.S.S.Saratoga, while it covered 150,000 Pacific Ocean miles.Last fall he returned to Chicago to become Director ofReligious Activities.12THE UNIVERSITY OGeraldine and Charles Gilkey at their summer home in West Booth-bay Harbor, Maine, where they will continue to spend summers.Winter headquarters will be in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts.himself says, "gun shy of religion". For several yearsChapel Union provided the roving ground where students could explore what they wanted without fear ofbeing branded. This wise dual approach to studentreligious work has been kept successful in a delicate balance by the Dean.Today with over a thousand students closely affiliatedwith Chapel House groups (including the Y.W.C.A.) ;800 with Hillel; and 300 with DeSales; the organizedreligious life of the quadrangles is a tribute to the years ofeffective work of Dean Gilkey.What students have come to call the "open door policyof 5802" [Woodlawn, the Gilkey home] has been an important factor in this steady development. Mr. andMrs. Gilkey have always believed that small informalgroups of students are the heart beat of the UniversityChapel. Students and faculty have been invited by thescores to meet some outstanding religious or social leaderor to tackle some timely religious question.The lines from the Gilkey home reach out across thecountry and all over the world. Foreign students constantly arrive in this country with one of their few lettersof introductions addressed to the Gilkeys. A well beatenpath runs between "5802" and nearly every campus inthe country. F CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13Thousands of alumni will recall an afternoon or evening at the Gilkeys where many claim they received thedeepest insights of their college careers. For fifteenyears, the Gilkeys entertained over 2,000 students andfaculty annually in • their home. Acquaintances begunhere grew into friendships that linked many with theChapel.Several years ago their son Langdon arrived home fromHarvard to find the living and dining rooms packed withstudents while still another group had taken over thestudy. Edging his way through the crowd he met hissister, Mary Jane, who, to his inquiries of what was goingon, replied, "Home begins on the second floor."Langdon did not make such an inconspicious entranceyears later when, after three and a half years as a prisoner of the Japanese in China, he returned home. As hestepped from the car, Frederick Marriott, Carilloneur ofthe Chapel, pealed out the Dutch Hymn of Thanksgiving, ". . . he forgets not his own." Home that dayencompassed not only the second floor, but everythingLangdon remembered during those war years.The Gilkeys have assumed as great civic responsibilitiesas busy schedules would permit. Mr. Gilkey has beeninfluential in the American Civil Liberties Union, theChicago Recreational Commission, the Citizens SchoolCommittee, and The University of Chicago Settlement inaddition to numerous labor, business, religious and educational enterprises. He is a member of the Board ofGovernors of International House, an alumni representative on the Board of Overseers of Harvard, a trustee ofUnion Theological Seminary and of George WilliamsCollege.Mrs. Gilkey, in addition to serving on local and national boards of the Y.W.C.A., has carried heavy civicresponsibilities while sharing University religious leadership with her husband. On May 25th she was the Chapelpreacher at the morning service. In 1944, an AlumniCitation of Useful Citizenship gave formal recognitionof these services.One of the highest tributes of the final year was acantata, composed by Frederick Marriott, organist andcarilloneur, dedicated to Dean and Mrs. Gilkey. Thecantata was based on the 103rd Psalm, favorite of theGilkey family. The University Choir, two Metropolitanopera singers, and members of the Chicago Symphonyparticipated.Eight institutions of higher learning have honoredDean Gilkey with degrees. The citation from OberlinCollege summarized his life at Chicago: "Students whohave an unerring eye for insincerity took his measuresand found a man 'sun crowned, living above the fogs inpublic duty and in private thinking'. He is known allover the country, abroad, and as far away as India as afriend and counselor of students, perhaps without equal. . . loving hundreds, he is beloved by thousands . . .that University is the nobler institution because he isof it. . . ."THE UNIVERSITY HOUSE SYSTEM• JOHN A. WILKINSON '37WHEN the boy or girl entering the University ofChicago takes up residence in one of theCollege houses, he becomes a member of an integrated community of students. This community is composed of students representing all four year of the Collegeranging in age, normally, from fifteen to nineteen. Inthe last year, however, the upper limits of this range havebeen extended beyond thirty years by the return of theveteran students. Despite this range, the residents of ahouse have common academic interests, and, in addition,they share the interests and responsibilities in the houseprogram of activities, which is itself designed to implement the curriculum of the College. Many students findparticipation in the house activities program or even aphase of it an enriching experience.A purposeful program of activities in a residence hallis perhaps sufficiently unusual as to require an explanation. Those who are concerned with House System holdto the principle that general education is important andvital, and furthermore, that it is desirable to assist studentstoward its goals in all possible ways. A house program canbe one of the means. From the College program of general education is derived the nature of an appropriatehouse program, and the emphasis and choice of themany possible kinds of activities in the house programis governed by the emphasis and choice which the Collegerepresents.The College curriculum embraces all fields of knowledge, and presents the fundamental problems, the significant concepts, and the great works of the Humanities,Social Sciences, and Natural Sciences to the end that thestudent shall learn to cope with the problems which willconfront him as an adult and as a citizen of a democraticsociety. The various College courses, in their teachingof methods and skills, confront the student with the material on which to practice the analyses which lead to insight and understanding. If the methods, skills, and theaesthetic and intellectual preoccupations of the classrooms are to be incorporated into daily living, then thehouse is an excellent place to begin the practice.The house program should, and does, provide opportunity for the student to put into practice the disciplineswhich he is encouraged to acquire in class, to expand theinterests that have been developed by the course material, and to provide the means of satisfactory livingboth on an individual and social level.Discussion groupsAmong the many activities designed to achieve thispurpose, is the discussion group, led principally by facultyguests, although it may be led by others according to their competence and interests. Subjects vary from "Religionin the Curriculum?" to "What record albums shall bepurchased for the House Collection?" Faculty membersand others are invited by the students themselves, andthe choice is determined by the particular subject thegroup wishes to be discussed.More than seventy-five guests have come to the varioushouses this year to meet with students informally andto lead discussions. Many faculty members have indicated that they find this a valuable and interestingexperience, for it gives them an opportunity to becomebetter acquainted with their students in the less formalatmosphere of the house lounge.It is the usual practice in the women's houses to havefaculty Guests Nights, to which several faculty membersare invited to dinner and to hold discussions in thelounges afterward. In the men's houses at Burton JudsonCourt, faculty and other guests are invited to dinnersheld in the private dining rooms in the basement, andlater, if there is a broad enough interest in the subject fordiscussion, the meeting is moved to one of the largelounges and the meeting thrown open to all interestedstudents.SpeakersAnother type of activity that has been introduced thisyear is a program of speakers, sponsored by all theunits of the House System, and to which are invited allstudents in the College. Many well-known faculty members and leaders in other fields have appeared. This program also is planned and carried out by the studentsthemselves.ArtThe interests of the classroom, particular discussions,or talks frequently motivate students to creative, artistic,musical, or literary endeavors, and the staff membersdo all they can to simulate worthwhile activities andto provide facilities for carrying they out. For example,Mathews House and Mead House in Burton JudsonCourt have this year diverted a sizeable portion of theirfunds to the purchase of collections of prints of worthwhile works of art.When the war broke, John Wilkerson was doing graduatework in Geography. Borrowed by Uncle Sam for the ArmyMap Service he eventually landed in Washington, D. C. asAssistant Director of the Map Analysis Section of the ArmyAir Forces. In 1944 he returned to the Midway as AssistantChief Administrative Officer for the Metallurgical Laboratories (the atomic bomb project). February of last year,Mr. Wilkerson was appointed Director of the UniversityHouse System. This is the last of a series of articles onstudent activities at Chicago.14T H E. UN I V E RS ITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15Under the established rules, members of each housemay borrow a print for a specified period of time to hangin their rooms. A group in one of the houses is alsoplanning several field trips this spring for the purpose ofexperimenting with landscape painting. Few of themey have ever had an artist's brush in their hands before.jftaky of the prints purchased by these two houses arebeing framed by students in the Arts and Crafts Studioin the basement of Burton Judson. This studio has provided excellent opportunities and competent instructionfor those students who are interested in experimentingwith the various art forms.There are many resources outside the campus whichhelp in achieving the goals of the House Program. Groupattendance at operas, symphonies, chamber concerts, artexhibits, good plays and movies, preceded or followed bydiscussions, reading, or record concerts of the work involved, are activities which arouse general interest. Meadand Mathews have made trips to the Art Institute, wherethey have enjoyed tours and discussions led by members ofthe Institute staff. Salisbury House has held severaltheater parties during the year; on the last occasionseventy out of seventy-four members of the house attended.MusicMusic plays a large part in the activities of the HouseProgram. Each house is equipped with a phonographand a record collection, which is maintained out ofhouse funds. Many of the works in these collections arethose used in the Humanities course in the College.Several houses sponsor weekly record concerts in theirlounges. Mead House this year has sponsored a weeklyrecord concert of full operas and major religious worksof music in the Judson Lounge. This has been open toall students on the campus. Discussions of the worksplayed have been led by members of the Music Department and other qualified speakers.Dances— partiesMany of the activities of the House Program are centered in the house lounges. Here are the phonographs,record collections, the newspapers and the periodicalsto which the house subscribes. The lounges in thewomen's houses are somewhat larger than those of themen's, and it is possible to carry on a greater variety ofactivities. The men's houses, however, have accessto the larger lounge areas of Burton Judson Court. Inthese rooms, as in the women's house lounges, dancesand parties are held as well as the larger discussion andspeaker programs. It is rare indeed that a week passeswithout some kind of social activity being held in thelarger lounge areas. Frequently these are house dances,with music supplied by records of one of the two danceorchestras which have been formed within the housesduring the past year. There have been three major social events sponsoredby the House Program this year. In both the Autumnand Winter Quarters, the Burton Judson Council sponsored dances in the Burton Dining Hall. On each occasion, more than four hundred people attended. Three ofthe women's houses, Foster, Green, and Beecher, sponsored the Inter-Dorm Formal which was held at theShoreland Hotel on April 18.AthleticsAnother major aspect of the House System is the intramural program, which provides opportunities forboth men and women to participate in any sport theymay desire, under the expert instruction of members ofthe University's Athletic Department. There is competition between the men's houses in football, basketball,swimming, rifle shooting, volley ball, table tennis, track,and softball.The intramural program offers women the opportunity to participate in hockey, volley ball, basketball, tennis and softball. Trophies are awarded to the men'shouses winning the football competition for the year, andto the house which accumulates the greatest number ofpoints in all sports during the year.GovernmentHouse activities are planned and carried out by thestudents themselves. Each house has a student government whose members have a high degree of responsibility for the running of the house. They work closelywith the Resident Head and his assistants in planningactivities, administering house funds, and in dealingwith general problems that may arise.This year, for the first time, each of the men's houseshas elected representatives to a general council, whichcarries on a program of activities for all the houses,plans for the use of facilities, and represents the studentsto the administration of the House System. A similarorganization for the coordination of the activities of thewomen's houses will undoubtedly soon be formed.A list of the activities that are carried on within theHouse Program would extend far beyond those thathave been mentioned. It is clear, however, that theHouse Program has, as one of its prime objectives, toprovide the student with opportunity to express himselfand to develop his interests in activities that are significant and meaningful. Although the members of thestaff of the University House System believe that suchextra-curricular activities are of secondary importanceto the student's concern with getting an education, itconsiders them to be of value in the student's total development.Associate membersAlthough the University houses are somewhat crowdedthis year because of the greatly increased numbers ofstudents in residence, the activities of the House Pro-16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEgram are not restricted to those who live in the houses.Any student who is registered in the College, and whodoes not live in a house, automatically becomes an Associate Member of one of the houses. Thus any studentin the College is welcome to participate in any of theactivities of the house of which he is a member. In orderto develop the associate member's interest in house activities, the University House System has recently begun mailing once a month to students' homes a newsletter called House Topics, which contains informationon house affairs. The Associate Membership plan wasdevised in order to give the commuting student everyopportunity to take part in the activities on campus.SupervisionLiving in each house is a Resident Head and one ormore assistants, depending upon the number of studentsin the house. Since the College and House System standfor certain educational values and attitudes, staff members are chosen for the ways in which they exemplify thosevalues and attitudes in their lives and personalities. Inaddition, they are selected for their interest in and understanding of students and their problems. Severalof the Resident Heads and assistants are members of theCollege faculty, and others are advanced graduate students or hold other positions in the University. Thestaff members know well each student in the house,and it is their purpose to assist and guide rather than todirect.While considerable responsibility is entrusted to thestudents for the conduct of their own affairs, the staffmembers provide supervision where it is advisable forthe constructive development of individual students, andadminister certain rules which have been found essentialin the development of a productive life in the College.When individual student problems arise, the staffmember, if he is unable to help in their solution, will seethat the student receives the proper assistance in someother department of the University. There is closeliaison between the House System and the Student HealthService, the Counseling Center, and the Office of theDean of Students of the College. The work of the staffmembers of the various houses is coordinated under theDirector of the University House System, who is a member of the staff of the Dean of Students.HistoryThe University House System has grown steadily froma rather small beginning in 1943 when thirty-six students of the first and second years of the College werehoused in what was known as College House and a likenumber in one of the women's houses. At the presenttime more than fifteen hundred students in the Collegeand the Divisions are living in eighteen houses under theHouse System. In Burton-Judson CourtThere are now eight College men's houses and sixCollege women's houses. In addition, there are threedivisional women's houses and one house for divisionalmen. In all, there are facilities for four hundred College women and three hundred divisional women. Burton Judson Court, with Manly House, a temporarystructure erected for veteran students, can accommodateabout seven hundred students in the College. Woodlawn Hall, a recently acquired dormitory, houses twohundred divisional men.Although the present organization of the House System is only four years old, a house system has been anessentially characteristic feature of the University since itsfounding.In the Spring of 1893 a committee of faculty membersprepared a plan for house organization which was lateradopted by the Trustees of the University. This plan wasput into effect in the Autumn Quarter of that year whenFoster, Kelly, and Beecher were opened to students forthe first time. Many aspects of this plan have remainedunaltered to the present time in the women's houses, andsome have been adopted in the men's houses as well.Recognition on the part of Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmerand Miss Marion Talbot of principles fundamental to therational organization of student life on the campus laidthe ground work for the establishment of the house as abasic unit of student life for both men and women of theUniversity. President William Rainey Harper in recognition of the value of the first house plan and of the workdone by the early resident heads spoke prophetically, inthe light of the development of the present House System,when he said : "The time will come when every studentof the University will be a member of a UniversityHouse. The development of the University life islargely dependent on the growth of University Houses."NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES• By JEANNETTE LOWREYA dye may be irradiation deferifeEANS of preventing or controlling hemorrhagecaused by acute exposure to ionizing irrida-tion, such as accompanied the atomic bombingof Hiroshima and Nagasaki, has been discovered by Dr.J. Garrott Allen of the University Clinics.In the first advance of investigators against the irradiation diseases which will rank foremost among new medical problems in the atomic age, Dr. Allen found thata commercial dye, toluidine blue, acts as a clotting agentto stop extensive hemorrhage, which causes death if uncontrolled. Protamine, extracted from fish eggs, alsohas the same properties of the dye.The study, announced in Science by Dr. Allen, Assistant Professor of Surgery, and Dr. Leon O. Jacobson,Associate Dean of the Division of Biological Sciences,was first reported October 12, 1945, through the healthdivision of the Metallurgical Laboratory— the Manhattan District atomic bomb project of the University. Ithas only now been released from security.The original work demonstrated that ionizing radiation — neutrons, alpha particles, beta rays, and x-rays —produced in the blood an anti-coagulant, heparin, whichin effect "thinned" the blood so that it would pass throughcapillary tissue. The reduction in blood platelets, whichis also produced by radiation, and which was originallythought to be the cause of hemorrhaging, was found to^be only a secondary factor.When the dye is injected into the veins, the hemorrhaging in dogs is stopped in as short a period as twentyminutes, and the effect continues for as long as 72 hours.Subsequent injections may be used to again reducehemorrhaging. The hemorrhaging can be stopped evenwhen the number of blood platelets is as low as 50,000instead of the normal 300,000 to 500,000.Too much of the dye, it was found in the animal experiments, produces an anti-coagulant effect; it increasesthe hemorrhaging.The work was carried on by Dr. Allen for a period ofthree years. Dogs were found to be most like humansin the hemorrhaging effect produced by the radiation.Dosage of the dye required to achieve the maximumeffect in stopping hemorrhage, and avoiding the anticoagulant effect, was determined by experiments ondogs.If animals exposed to an otherwise fatal amount ofradiation can be carried past the fourth week of hemorrhaging, normal life may possibly be resumed, Dr. Allen'sexperiments indicate.Since leaving the Metallurgical Laboratory, Dr. Allenhas continued his experiments in the University Clinics, where he has been a member of the staff since 1939. Hehas been working with toluidine blue for the past 11years, and before the study of hemorrhagic diseases, usedthe dye to detect the presence of heparin in certain typesof shock. Dr. Allen did his pre-medical work at Washington University, St. Louis, received an M.D. degreefrom Harvard in 1938, and has done graduate work at theUniversity of Chicago toward a Doctor of Philosophydegree.Alumni return to Midway staffTwo University of Chicago graduates returned to thequadrangles this month to become staff members oftheir Alma Mater.E. Houston Harsha, '38, J.D. '40, and Robert Ming,Jr., '31, J.D. '33, have been appointed research associatesin the Law School. Ming, formerly Associate GeneralCounsel of OPA, holds the rank of Associate Professor.Harsha, who has served as an attorney in the anti-trustdivision of the United States Department of Justice forthe past six years, was appointed an Assistant Professor.Ming, who was associated with the Chicago law firmof Dickerson and King after his graduation, served asAssociate Professor of Law at Howard University from1937 to 1942. During the war, he was commissionedin the Judge Advocate General's Department and wasassigned to the Labor Branch, Headquarters, A.S.F. Healso served as legal officer at Godman Army Air Base inKentucky, and was one of a small group of officers selected to review the cases of 34,000 army-generalprisoners.Ming is a member of the National Legal Committeeof the National Association for the Advancement ofColored People and of the President's Committee onCivil Rights.Harsha represented the Department of Justice on thegovernment's Inter Agency Policy Committee on Rubberduring 1945 and 1946 in formulating the national postwar policy concerning war-time synthetic rubber patentpools.In 1946, he served as Attorney General Tom C.Clark's representative on the Committee on Patents,established by President Truman in the Department ofCommerce, to investigate patent abuses and suggest reforms of the patent laws. He has also been active inthe preparation and trial of a number of anti-trust suitsconcerned with international cartels and patent abusesin the chemical and plastic fields.At the University, Ming will be engaged in researchin social and legal problems pertaining to judicial reviewof administrative action and administration of. civilrights legislation. Harsha will make an analysis of theState of Illinois anti-trust laws and decisions, study the1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEnational housing situation, and serve with Dean Wilber G.Katz on the Chicago Bar Association's habeas corpuscommittee, now studying reforms of the state criminalprocedure.It happened on the MidwayWe have heard of parents applying for admission toschools for their infants, but on the Midway, the infanthimself is applying.At least Johnny Larrabee, three-year-old son of Dr.John Larrabee, M.D. '42, and Mrs. Larrabee, is. He tookmatters of his education into his own hands. While hismother was busy washing dishes, he started out to theUniversity. He came to the nursery school for childrenof veterans, and knocked on the door. When the instructor answered, he said "Please may I enroll here?"Only a promise that he might return to school for oneday the next day led Johnny, who called himself JohnnyRabbey, to show the teacher where he lived.Three Winters in a RowAn international authority on the history of the West,Avery O. Craven is going to defy Horace Greeley and"go east." The story behind his repudiation of thefamous editor so that he might become a visiting professorat the University of Sidney is almost as dramatic as thestories he himself has become famous for.A long distance call from Washington, D. C, was thefirst hint of his June trip to Australia. Answering thephone in his Harper office, (see cut) he heard a StateDepartment official ask, "Will you accept an invitationto teach at the University of Sidney?" The formal invitation from the University Chancellor and a grant of hisrequest for a leave of absence from the University ofChicago assured his going. He will teach American history in the university's curriculum on Western Civilizationand present a series of lectures.A third-termer, Craven will be the third Americaneducator to receive the honor, will travel three days (andone night) by air to arrive in Sidney, will teach threequarters, and will experience three winters in a row. Hisreturn trip for his classes during the winter quarter willinclude a port call to Lisbon, Portugal, where hisdaughter, Jean, is associated with Trans-World Airlines.An older story of Mr. Craven, but one which shouldbe told to explain the similarity of Mr. Craven's picturewith the portrait of Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins usedon the March issue of the Magazine, goes back to Life'svisit on the campus in 1945.Life photographer, Myron Davis, '38, who wanted atypical University of Chicago background for Mr.Hutchins' picture, chanced upon Craven's office as theideal site. It offered the arched windows with GothicRockefeller Memorial Chapel in the background.Buildings and Grounds was called to wash the windowsand move the register next to the window. The hourbefore the picture was to be taken, however, foundCraven — authority on Lincoln, author and book reviewer, Avery Cravenartist and raconteur — hanging out of the window witha window cloth in hand. The tiny panes at the top ofthe window were not clean enough in his opinion forpictures of the "boss."For Craven's deed of the day, Davis took his picture,both in black and white and color.Two new TrusteesFowler B. McConnell, '16, president of Sears Roebuckand Company, and David Rockefeller, PhD '40, of theforeign department of Chase National Bank of NewYork, have been elected to the Board of Trustees of theUniversity.Mr. McConnell, a C man in football and baseball anda member of Owl & Serpent (Senior honor society)joined the mail order and retail house as a stock boyafter his convocation. He served with the First IllinoisCavalry on the Mexican Border and captain with theBlackhawk Division in France during World War I.Mr. Rockefeller, a graduate of Harvard's class of '36,was a captain in the Army during World War II, servingas an assistant military attache in Paris in 1945. He wasawarded both the Legion of Honor and the Legion ofMerit. He is a trustee of the Rockefeller Institute forMedical Research and a director of International House,New York. His book, Unused Resources and EconomicWaste, was published by the University of Chicago Pressin 1940.CALENDARWith the closing of the Spring Quarter and the quarterly recess from June 14 to June 20, few extra-curricular events havebeen scheduled at the University of Chicago for the month ofJune- Sunday, June 1UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A. M. Mr. Arthur Perrow, Christian ScienceCommittee on Publications for Illinois.Monday, June 2LECTURE-" America's Role in World Affairs," Walter Johnson(History) 7:30 P. M., University College, 19 South LaSalleStreet. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, June SLECTURE-'Titfalls and Monkey Traps," Charles Morris(Philosophy) Introduction to Meaning and Communicationseries. 8:00 P. M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.'°c- Wednesday, June 4LECTURE— "Designing the Interior," Mary Wilesh, consultantwith the Institute of Design. Tomorrow's Home series. 8:00P. M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 75c.LECTURE-"Lords of the Universe: Challenge of Science"Sunder Joshi (Adult Education, Indiana University) Romanceof the Gods series. 6:30 P. M. University College, 19 SouthLaSalle Street. 75c.LECTURE-'Irish Folklore," Myles Dillon (Celtic, ComparativePhilology) 7:30 P. M. Social Science Building, 1126 East 59thStreet. 85c. Sunday, June 8UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE-Baccalaureate. Rockefeller Memorial Chaped. 11:00 A. M. The Rev. Charles Gilkey, Dean of the University Chapel.Monday, June 9LECTURE-"Our Choice: Do We Have One?" Walter Johnson(History) The United States: Super Power series. 7:30 P. M.University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 90c.Friday, June 13CONVOCATION-Rockefeller Memorial Chapel. PresidentErnest C. Colwell, speaker. 11:00 A. M. Awarding of Bachelordegrees in Divisions and Schools and higher degrees. 3:00 P. M.Awarding of Bachelor degrees in the College. Admission byticket. Each graduate is permitted, two tickets. There areno extra tickets apart from those issued graduates.SUKIYAKI(Continued from Page 6)anese fishermen are now barred from crab and salmonfishing in Northwest Pacific waters due to Russian objections. Japanese whalers formerly operated in a bigway in the South Pacific. Although one expedition hasbeen authorized to date, both Australia and New Zealandoppose unrestricted re-establishment of this industry inSouth Pacific waters. Although permitted to buildwooden ships up to 5,000 tons for fishing, it will be a longwhile before the fishing fleet is up to the pre-war standards. Long term policies will probably have to wait theJapanese peace conference. Meanwhile fish, secondonly to rice in the Japanese diet, reportedly finds itsway more easily into black market channels than tolegitimate sources. Not only as a food, but as a fertilizer,source of oil and in other ways, fish have become integrally entwined with the Japenese way of life.Sign LanguageTHE shop with the banner "Re Tail and Whole Selling" in Tokyo.The railroad warning sign near Fukuoka: "After youhave crossed tracks, Stop and watch."The one on a counter in a shop on the Ginza: "AllArticle 2 Yen a Peace." Traditional favoritein millions of homes*EXTRA GOOD MAIN DISH: Wrap bacon around bundles of cooked macaroni; fasten icith toothpicks; bakeat 400° F, about 15 min., basting occasionally.TT^ROM one generation to another, the¦¦¦ tradition has heen handed on . . . whenyon would serve the finest, serve Swift'sPremium Bacon. In times of shortage as intimes of plenty, its superh quality has beenstrictly guarded . . . guarded so successfully that, in recent checks of publicopinion,the national preference for Swift's PremiumBacon reached a new all-time high.OPwuitl Q/'/ietmumaeonWITH THESWEET SMOKE TASTE20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELOWER UNIT COSTSWAGE INCENTIVESEMPLOYEE TRAININGPERSONNEL PROCEDURESIMPROVED METHODSJOB EVALUATIONROBERT B. SHAPIRO 'M, DIRECTOR NEWS OF THE CLASSESWant to BUY a house?Want to SELL a house?We have a few moderatelypriced homes near theCampus available forimmediate and July firstoccupancyE. HECTOR COATESSwan-Lorish, Inc.1300 E. 63rd StreetChicagoTelephone FAirfax 9500B00KENDSwithOfficial shield ofTHE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOExtra heavy,all metal,bronze finishOrder fromTHE. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOKSTOREChicago 37$9.00 Pcr Se' rrevM $9.50 1885George A. Yaeger, MD Rush, writes thathe has "about quit active practice on account of my age." He is living in Chicago.1887T. Vassar Caulkins, DB, sends specialgreetings to any members of his class, andwould be glad to hear from any of hisold classmates. He has completed 51 yearsin the pastorate of Baptist Churches, andlives in Garrett Park, Maryland.1893From Peoria came a brief note fromMadeleine Wallin, PhM, (Mrs. George C.Sikes) saying she hoped to attend anotherspring Reunion on the Midway. Mrs. Sikes,whose late husband received an AM fromChicago in 1894, entered Chicago as a lei-low in Political Science the day the University opened; taught at Smith College untilher marriage in "97; and from '35 to '37taught classes in adult education in theChicago public schools.1895Francis A. Wood, PhD, and his wife celebrated their golden wedding anniversarylast August 6. Dr. Wood has a book in theprocess of publication at present, withChapman and Grimes, Inc., of Boston. Itis a journal of the first six years of AudreyAnne, a little girl they know.1897William H. Allen has been studying thepresence or absence (mostly absence, hesays) of the United States' story in schoolreaders.Wallace W. Atwood, PhD '03 writes:"Retired from the headaches of universityadministration. Now free to write andtravel." He is living in Worcester, Mass.Burt B. Barker is going to London to doresearch in the archives of the Hudson'sBay Company, but expects to attend the50th Anniversary Reunion of his class onthe quadrangles en route to the east coastfrom his home in the Pacific Northwest.1898Ethel Glover Hatfield, PhD, is living inBerkeley, California. Last summer she wasa visitor on the campus, and had lunch atInternatipnal House with Susan Peabody,"08, Elizabeth Faulkner, '85, and had agood visit with "Nisba" Breckenridge, '97,PhD '01, JD '04, reviewing old memories ofthe nineties.Daniel M. Schoemaker, MD Rush '04, isProfessor Emeritus of Anatomy and Director Emeritus of the Department of Anatomy in St. Louis University, after 42 yearsin full time, continuous teaching. He isteaching a four hour course in TopographicAnatomy, and busy with the AnatomicalMuseum.Since 1940, when he became ProfessorEmeritus of the Andover Newton Theological School, Richard M. Vaughan, DB,has served as pastor of the CommunityChurch at Babson Park, Florida.1899Since her retirement from Chicago Teachers College in 1943, Lucy Hammond (Mrs.F. W. Schacht) has been active in theLeague of Women Voters, A.A.U.W., andthe Woman's City Club of Chicago. Of thelatter she is vice president and chairman of the Child Welfare Committee. Mr. Schacht,who took work at Chicago around 1912, ispresident of his '97 class from the University of Illinois.After teaching philosophy at Dartmouthfor 31 years, William K. Wright, PhD '06,retires this month. He plans to remain inHanover. Dr. Wright was awarded anAlumni Citation in 1941.1900William Gillespie, PhD, of Princeton, hasbeen confined to bed for more than threemonths but is making progress toward recovery.James W. Kyle, AM, who served as 'Professor of Greek for 32 years in the University of Redlands is now retired. He is livingin Cathedral City, California, where he isDirector of the Chamber of Commerce andChairman of the Park Commission, and isworking in a seminar in Greek literaturein Palm Springs.1901James R. Henry retired from active business October 1, 1946, one week after his70th birthday. He is living in Carmel, California, and spends his time gardening andmotoring about the beautiful country surrounding Carmel.1902D. C. Hoyt, MD Rush, writes that he isstill on his feet at 72 years of age andworking sixteen hours, four days a week,and is feeling fine and in the best of health!1903Until recently Jacob Billikopf served ina civilian capacity on one of the threeMilitary Clemency Boards, reviewing casesof 35,000 G.I.'s who had been courtmar-tialled.Thomas J. Hair and his wife, FlorenceCummings, '04, have purchased a home inTryon, North Carolina, where they expectto spend a large part of each year. Withone son in California, a second in Chicago,and a daughter in Maine, they are coveringthe nation as effectively as possible withtheir limited numbers!Alice A. Reiterman was Vice Principal ofGarfield' High School in Los Angeles foreighteen years, and retired in 1943. She isnow a real estate broker, and is living inSan Marino.Joseph H. Vogel, MD Rush, has been ingeneral practice since 1903 in New Ulm,Minnesota.1904After teaching in two Oklahoma StateColleges for 29 years, William Hugh Wood,AM '06, has retired, and is now operatinga small loan business.1905Carleton J. Lynde, PhD, was retired on apension in 1938 by Teachers College, Columbia University. He was called back in1944, and has been teaching part timesince then.Charles A. Shull, PhD '15, ProfessorEmeritus of Plant Physiology at the University addressed the first program meetingof the Western Carolina Section of theAmerican Chemical Society at Pisgah Forest, North Carolina. His subject was "TheModern Use of Chemistry in Plant Physiology." More than one hundred chemists at-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21tended the meeting, and gave the new section a good start. Dr. Shull is President ofthe Torrey Botanical Club, the oldestBontanical Society in America; a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences ofVienna, Austria; and an Honorary Memberof the Swedish Seedbreeding Association ofSvalof, Sweden, on the occasion of its Fiftieth Year Jubilee.1906Minnie M. Dunwell changed from teaching to counseling in 1940 at Senn HighSchool, Chicago. Although enjoying herwork she looks forward to retirement "in abetter climate" which is herewith beingrecorded during a cold, disagreeable Chicago spring rain.Mrs. Ralph T. Hopkins, (Avis Fiske)writes from Elliston, Montana: "For the lastfive years I have been living in a two roomlog cabin, where I first became acquaintedwith my husband in 1907 while on a camping trip. I am acting as secretary for theHopkins and Sons Mining Company, operated by my husband and son, mininglead, silver and zinc ores."William Alonzo James, who did graduate work at Chicago, has retired from theprincipalship of Ball High School, Galveston, Texas, after 44 years of continuousservice. He is President of Galveston County Board of Education.Lillian H. Porges (Mrs. Harry L. Can-mann) will move this month with her family, including three sons, from Chicago backto their old home in Highland Park, Illinois.1907Mrs. Ammon B. Jones (Effie Jones Lee)is living in Crawfordsville, Indiana, and hasreturned to teaching. ARTHUR GIBBON BOVEE RETIRESHelen NorrisHelen Norris, who will celebrate her fortieth anniversary with the Class of 1907Reunion Day, will also be celebrating herretirement as Dean of Women for Commonwealth Edison. Miss Norris has beenwith Commonwealth since 1914 and is looking forward to her emeritus status. Shewill continue to live in Chicago, spendingher summers at the old family summerhome at Walloon Lake, Michigan. HelenNorris has a wide acquaintance among thealumni having always been active in theAssociation (a life member) and served onevery important board and committee. Atpresent she is a member of the Cabinet,governing board of the Association. Katherine Arthur Bovee ArtieArthur Bovee, '07, arrived on the Midway in time to help found Blackfriars andbe leading lady, Katherine Fluter, in thefirst (1904) show: The Passing of PahliKhan.Since then he has directed the AlphaDelts at every University Sing, served asReunion Chairman, written a score ofFrench text books (now used in 1500 institutions of learning) lectured in 18 foreign countries, and taught French at University High School for 37 of his 47 yearson the quadrangles. Artie has had fun practicing a philosophyhe expressed years ago: "Time is something to be kicked around." And he's nots'.owing down for his emeritus status onnext October first. With typical Boveebuoyancy he will be on hand ReunionWeek to celebrate the fortieth reunion ofhis class.Following retirement he will continuewith his French texts and other interestsunless he flushes some new experiencealong the trail.WE'LL SEE YOU AT THE SING — SATURDAY, JUNE 7This is a cordial invitation toalumni to visit the new andrevised "addition" of the•Bookstore.It now includes all of EllisHall and you will be surprisedand pleased, we hope, with theeffectiveness of the new fluorescent lighted displays.Be sure to visitThe University of Chicago Bookstorein the same old spotbut something has been added22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIMadiStone BccomtmgPhone Pullman 917010422 ^Ijobcs mt., Chicago, 311.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICK•ndCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telophon* Dorchaiter 1579NEWENGLISH CARSIMMEDIATEDELIVERYAlsoNEW HOUSE TRAILERSJoseph Neidlinger7320 S. Stony IslandButterfield 56003 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince 19201442 and 1331 E. 57th Jc•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTY»,...„ „ 0608 _ We call forMidway m2 • and deliver3 HOUR SERVICE 1908Nellie E. Barton, who did graduate workat Chicago, has retired from teaching atRed Oak, Iowa, and moved to Battle Creek,Michigan.Kenneth O. Crosby is Vicar of St. Kath-erine's Church at Owen, Wisconsin, EauClaire diocese. He writes that he often seesBill Zorn, '24, and Mrs. Frank Wilson(Eleanor Hall, '08) at Eau Claire and theychatter about the old days on the Midway.Grace Mills is teaching mathematics inCalumet High School, Chicago.Emma L. Wells divides her time betweenher home in Chicago and her old home andbirth place in Montpelier, Vermont, whereshe spends cool, pleasant summers.1909Aaron Arkin, MD Rush '12, PhD '13, isnow Rush Professor of Medicine at theUniversity of Illinois, and Professor andChairman of the Department of Medicine,Cook County Graduate School of Medicine.He specializes in internal medicine, and isconsulting physician at Cook County Hospital and attending physician at severalChicago hospitals.Mr. and Mrs. Frank Clarke (EstherGodshaw) toured Mexico in a trailer, spending three months and covering 6,500 miles.Their home is in Los Angeles.Mrs. Charles H. Spencer (Rosemary H.Quinn, AM '39) is attendance counselor atEnglewood High School in Chicago.Guy Van Schaick, JD, is practicing lawin Chicago. He has just finished revisingand codifying in loose-leaf form the municipal ordinances of one of the CookCounty villages and is now doing the samething for another one.1910Mrs. Laurence J. Hess (Beulah Armacost)has just ended five years as President of theBaltimore League of Women Voters, and isserving on the Council of the CitizensLeague of Baltimore and on the Board ofthe Citizens Planning and Housing Association, and is also active on the Mayor'sCommittee to expedite veterans' housing.Wilhelmine F. Piehler is teaching fourthgrade in the McKinley School in Harvey,Illinois.1911S. Edwin Earle, famous super-supervisorof all University Sings through the years, isnow Director of Placement for Men for theZinser Personnel Service in Chicago.Mrs. E. B. M. Ingram (Margaret J. Fogle-song, AM '20) is planning to retire in December of 1948 from the High School teaching of English in New York city, and islooking forward to writing, travel, a greenhouse, a boat, and a Dalmatian dog.Wesley M. Gewehr, AM '12, PhD '22, isback on the job as Chairman of the HistoryDepartment of the University of Marylandafter a year of service in the U. S. ArmyUniversities in England and France and onthe Army Lecture Bureau in Germany.Donald T. Grey, AM '13, DB '14, is working half time as a Field Representative ofthe Michigan Baptist Convention:Adrian A. Holtz, DB '12, PhD '14, isteaching full time in the Department ofEconomics and Sociology as Professor specializing in Labor Economics at KansasState College, Manhattan, Kansas.Charles L. Sullivan is President and General Manager of The Thresher Paint andVarnish Company— a division of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company— at Dayton,Ohio. 1913Frank E. Brown, PhD T8, of Ames, Iowa,attended the Atlantic City meeting of theAmerican Chemical Society and was impressed with the number of respected andinfluential Chicago men in attendance.1914Rudy D. Matthews and his family will bespending the summer in a house in theBerkshires at North Egremont, Massachusetts, and hope to see some of the friendsthey have missed since moving to Florida in1939. Their daughter graduates from Mt.Holyoke in June.Abraham R. Miller, JD '15, is living inWashington, D. C, where he is AssistantGeneral Counsel, Federal Public HousingAuthority.Margaret F. Williams, AM '33, has been)teaching English at Roosevelt College sinceSeptember, 1946. She is very enthusiasticabout being on the faculty of a collegewhich "practices what many educationalinstitutions and governments only preach."Mrs. Walter G. Simmons (Edna D.Winch, AM '41) is Principal of the Bur-bank School in Chicago.1915Gertrude Behrens has been teachingLatin at Austin High School, Chicago since1935. She is living in Oak Park.Mrs. George L. Oliver (Florence Brown)retired from teaching English in the JohnMarshall High School in Chicago, and isliving with relatives in Elgin, Illinois.Bertha E. Davis, AM, writes that life isfun in Orlando, where she has retired toher lawn, flowers, books and magazineswith time out now and then to advise (!exclamation point hers) senators and representatives how to vote.Jonas W. Hoover, AM, is Professor ofGeography at Nebraska Wesleyan University in Lincoln, Nebraska.Zena Kroger of Oak Park writes nostalgically: "Returning fresh and green asspringtime are memories of student dayslong past four years of profit and pleasure,the enrichment of a lifetime. Crescat Scien-tia Vita Excolatur."Charles F. McElroy, AM '06, JD, was inChicago from Springfield, Illinois, recentlyto meet his son, George, who was in from, Detroit. Charlie, former secretary of the'Law School Alumni Association, is Technical Adviser II in the Rules and Regulations Division of the Department of Revenue of Illinois at Springfield. George McElroy, 38, AM '39, is on the English staff ofWayne University.Although retired from teaching, LucilePowell, AM, keeps busy with church andclub work in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.Aravilla M. Taylor, SM '16, PhD '19, isretiring as Director of the Biological Department of Lake Erie College to return toher birthplace, Andes, New York. Herfarm in the Catskills has been kept as awild life preserve. She will do more thanspend her summer vacations here in thefuture.1916Charles Lee Hyde, JD, is living in Pierre,South Dakota, and reports he is healthy andhappy.Sterling A. Lewis is a teacher in theCommercial Department of the ClevelandHigh School in St. Louis, and will be retired in August.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEKatherine J. Densford, R.N., AM '15, and her co-authors examine an advance copy of theirprize-winning book "Counseling in Schools of Nursing." The book won the first award,$1,000, in the McGraw-Hill Book Awards in Nursing Education. (Left to right) H. PhoebeGordon, Miss Densford, and Edmund G. Williamson, all now at the University of Minnesota.Miss Densford is also President of the American Nurses Association, and was its representative at the recent UNESCO meeting in Philadelphia. She is a member of the Mayor'sHealth Advisory Committee in Minneapolis, and a member of the Special Medical AdvisoryGroup of the Veterans Administration in Washington. In addition to this recent book,she is also co-author with Dr. Millard Everett of "Ethics for Modern Nurses" publishedin 1946.James Oliver Murdock is Professor of International and Foreign Law at the GeorgeWashington University Law School.Added to her many other activities,Agnes A. Sharp, AM '30, PhD '38, was aWinter Quarter lecturer in the Departmentof Psychology at Chicago on "The Psychology of Abnormal Behavior." Dr. Sharpwas awarded an Alumni Citation a year agoat the June Reunion.Alice E. Treat joined the staff of the YaleUniversity Dining Halls last December.Miss A. Margaret Bowers, '16 is head of thedining halls.Walter T. Whitney, PhD, and Mrs. Whitney (Edith G. Wren, '15, SM '16) write thattheir most exciting news is that they havejust become grandparents! Donna RuthVoorhees is her name.1917Mrs. L. J. Lloyd (Lucile J. Hassewer) isteaching in Hyde Park High School inChicago.Since her husband's death Anna K.Koutecky (Mrs. Frank Kadlec) has beenteaching children days and foreign bornadults nights in the Chicago school system.Her daughter, Bonnie, is doing graduatework at the University in Nursing Education while serving as head nurse at ourZoller Dental Clinic. Nancy, the otherdaughter, receives her degree as Doctor ofVeterinary Medicine at Michigan State thissummer.Karl M. Nelson, MD Rush '20, is the newmayor of Princeton, Illinois.Sidney M. Weisman is an officer of TheModern Forum, Inc. of Los Angeles. ThisForum, distinguished for its world-famousspeakers, has presented Chancellor Hutchins to Los Angeles many times, as well asother Chicago men, including Mortimer J.Adler. 1918Claudia M. Allen is living in retirementin Belleville, Wisconsin, after a career ofteaching history. She is president of thevillage library board.After retiring from the principalship ofthe Harvard Elementary School in Chicagoin 1942, Rosa G. Maddock has been teaching out in the country at Orland Park,Illinois.Elizabeth McPike, AM '19, PhD '23(Mrs. Leslie P. Brown) is Associate Professor of French at San Diego State Collegeand President of the Alliance Francaise,San Diego Branch. Her son, Richard hasrecently returned from 28 months in theNavy. He is a sophomore San Diego Stateand hopes to attend Chicago later.Alta L. Smith is teaching Home Economics and supervising the school lunch at Colfax, Indiana.1919The past year has been a busy one forErnest E. Leisy, AM. In November, hisbook "The Snodgrass Letters of MarkTwain" was published. He became editorof the South-Central Modern LanguageBulletin in January, presided at TexasConference of College Teachers of Englishin March, went to New Orleans in Aprilfor the Humanities Conference, and is nowvisiting professor of American Literature atthe University of Colorado for June andJuly, after which he heads west to theHuntington Library.Kemp Malone, PhD, was decorated byKing Christian X of Denmark with theKing Christian X Freedom Medal, a decoration conferred on foreigners who helpedthe Danish cause during the years of German occupation. RESULTS .. .depend on getting the details RIGHTPRINTINGI mprin ting-Processed Letters - TypewritingAddressing- Folding - MailingA Complete Service for Direct AdvertisersChicago Addressing Company722 So. Dearborn St., Chicago 5, 111.(Wabash 4561)CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency65th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City. Mo.Spokane — New YorkAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent ofour business. Critic and Grade Supervisorsfor Normal Schools placed every year inlarge numbers; excellent opportunities.Special teachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art,secure fine positions through us every year.Private Schools in all parts of the countryamong our best patrons; good salaries.Well prepared High School teacherswanted for city and suburban HighSchools. Special manager handles Gradeand Critic work. Send for folder today.AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Since 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical EquipmentHospital and Office FurnitureSundries, Supplies, DressingsalsoOrthopedic AppliancesInvalid RequirementsEverything for SurgeryV. MUELLER & CO.All Phones: SEEley 2180408 South Honore StreetCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA SundaeTreat forAny Day!SWIFT'S ICE CREAMSundaes and sodas are extra goodmade with Swift's Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy -smooth, soA*ffPyu#4-A Product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 5. Stale SfreefPhone RADcfirre 7400WANT TO EARN$9000 A YEAR?t'Hf&KtjPfrWould you like to be your ownboss . . . with professionalstanding in your community?Then you'll be interested inthe opportunities offered by acareer in life insurance sellingfor The Mutual Life. Many ofour representatives earn $4,000to $9,000 a year, and more!If you can qualify, we offera 3-year on-the-job trainingcourse, with a guaranteed income for the first two years tohelp you become established.After that, the Mutual Lifetime Compensation Plan provides an opportunity for earnings limited only by your ownefforts . . . plus a liberal retirement income at 65. Send forAptitude Test Today! AddressRoom 1102THE MUTUAL LIFEINSURANCE COMPANY of NEW YORK34 Nassau Street J9V New York 5, N.Y.If Esther S. Nelson, MD '22, is practicingmedicine in South Pasadena, California.She has just moved into her own medicalbuilding. In private life she is Mrs. WardC. Alden, and her home is in San Marino.California.Cecil L. Rew is Associate Professor in theDepartment of Modern Languages at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green,Ohio. In 1936, Mrs. Rew (Winifred R.Ridgley, '23) began selling real estate fora local broker. She now operates the Bowling Green branch office for a Toledo firmof realtors. The Rews have a daughter,Edith, who will be ready for college in onemore year.1920Mrs. Leona B. Chalkley (Leona Bachrack)is living in Washington, D. C.F. Dean McC'usky, AM, PhD '22, is Headof Audio-Visual Education in Extension andLecturer in Education at the University ofCalifornia at Los Angeles.Mrs. Theodore Portis (Marion L. Ringer)lives near the University, and her daughterNancy is a student in the University in theDepartment of Social Science. Her otherdaughter, Lora, graduates from high schoolthis June.Carl A. Samuelson is Controller for National Lock Company in Rockford, Illinois.1921Walter M. Behn, Rush MD '23, developed virus pneumonia in the fall of 1945which was followed by an operation inJanuary, 1947, all of which has preventedhim from practicing for the past 18 months.By now, if all has gone well since we lastheard, he has resumed his practice in Gary,Indiana.Merle E. Irwin, AM '29, has been on loanfrom Lindbloom High School in Chicagofor the past year, to teach English at Tilden Veterans' School, and writes that shefinds tutoring GI's an interesting digressionfrom classroom work.Jeannette Lieber (Mrs. Norman H.Baker) is practicing medicine at FergusFalls, Minnesota while running a household and watching three lively childrengrow up.O. E. Overn, AM, has retired from theChicago school system and is teachingMathematics and Mathematical Methods atthe State Teachers College of Milwaukee.Enid Townley, SM '25, Assistant to theChief of the Illinois State Geological Survey at Urbana, writes that her 25th classreunion last year was one of the highlightsof the year. She adds: "See you all at our50th!"1922Charlotte E. Carpenter, AM '28, of Denver, announces she has retired from teaching.Dr. Katharine Chapman (KatharineHowe, MD '27) is practicing ophthalmologyin Colorado Springs. Her older son is achemical engineer in Oakland, California-Jeannette H. Foster, AM, PhD '35, is nowfull Professor of Library Science in DrexelInstitute Library School in Philadelphia.She plans to attend the American LibraryAssociation meeting in San Francisco inlate June.Percival T. Gates and Mrs. Gates (FrancesE. Crozier, '22) are moving to Connecticut. after living for twenty-one years in the samehouse in Montclair, New Jersey. Even amove isn't stopping them from coming backto the quadrangles for their 25th classreunion in June! CHICAGO STUDENT 26 YEARSDr. HarkinsDr. Henry N. Harkins, '25, SM '26, PhD'28, Rush MD '31, who spent 26 years as astudent on the Midway (from the Lab.Schools through an 8-year Residency at.tlie Clinics) has been appointed to headthe Department of Surgery at the newmedical school of the University of Washington.This column would not hold Dr. Harkins' impressive record of achievementsand honors. They follow him through ourown Clinics and Medical School, a Guggenheim Fellowship, two European experiences with great physicians, the Henry FordHospital, Yale University, numerous editorial responsibilities, over 100 articles andbooks, and finally into the Department ofSurgery at Johns Hopkins, where he isnow on the staff until July 1, when hetakes over his new duties at Seattle.With only one other medical school inthe entire Pacific Northwest (University ofOregon^at Portland) the new school at theUniversity of Washington holds very greatpromise. Money has been appropriated forbuildings and the staff is being carefullyselected. Dr. Harkins is convinced, withmany top-flight medical men, that his opportunities at Seattle will be unlimited.Of course, the new plans will make itless convenient for dad (William D. Harkins, Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Chemistry) to drop in and see sonHenry on those frequent trips to NewYork and Washington as adviser to numerous government and civilian chemical projects. But more citizens of the PacificNorthwest are destined to enjoy longerand more comfortable lives because theHenry Harkins family went West.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago, IllinoisTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25Stena Hansen has retired after teaching47 years in the High School of Iowa and isat home at 1304 State Street, Cedar Falls,Iowa.O. E. Meinzer, PhD, was recently electedpresident of the American GeophysicalUnion.Herman H. Thornton, PhD '25, resignedfrom the Frederika Bremer Hull Professorship of Romance Languages in OberlinCollege the first of the year to accept aposition as Head of the Department ofForeign Languages at Michigan State College, East Lansing.1923Arthur M. Barnes is engaged in publicaccounting as Barnes and Company, Certified Public Accountants, in Pittsburgh. Hisolder son, Arthur, is studying business administration and playing varsity baseballat Pitt while his second son, Robert, is astudent of architecture at Carnegie Tech.Alexander E. Brunschwig, SM '24, MDRush '27, has been invited, through theUnited Nations' World Health Organization to spend the summer in Austria andHungary as a member of a mission in medical rehabilitation. In addition to manylectures in university clinics, Dr. Brunschwig will hold operative clinics, and demonstrations indicating advances in Americansurgery, particularly related to cancer, inthe past ten years. He will return in thefall to his new position as attending surgeon at Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases andProfessor of Clinical Surgery at CornellUniversity.Frances Hunter Ferrell is the author ofan article "An Experiment in the Improvement of Thinking" which was translatedin Arabic and published in the ModernJournal of Education, Cairo, Egypt, inFebruary.Dorothy Mae Johns is a training teacherof French and German at University HighSchool in Los Angeles, the training schoolfor teachers from the University of California at Los Angeles.Edna L. Nash, who did graduate workat Chicago, is with the Extension Serviceof the Correspondence Study Department ofthe University of Michigan.Huber J. Snyder, who has been Canton,Ohio chairman of the Alumni Foundationsince the very beginning, is president ofthe Stark County Bar Association.Doris M. Strail is a statistician with theTuberculosis Institute of Chicago andCook County. ^Charles B. Tupper, AM, gave a series offive addresses for the 21st Mid- Winter Conference of Kentucky Christian Ministers atTransylvania College, Lexington, Kentucky.He was recently elected president of theHome and State Missions Planning Councilof the Disciples of Christ.1924Ruth Helen Baum (Mrs. Abe Beck) livesin Fort Wayne, Indiana where she is activein church and civic affairs. She has twodaughters, 12 and 16 years of age.Robert S. Bolin, MD, began private practice in Elkhart, Indiana, in July, 1946,after serving in the Army three and a halfyears as an eye, ear, nose and throat specialist.C. Lawrence Christenson, PhD '31, isChairman of the Department of Economicsat Indiana University and currently President of the Mid-West Economics Association. Lucy D. Eckstorm is living in Chicagoand has retired from library service.Brief note from Myrtle H. Enloe, Foundation chairman for Wichita Falls, Texas:"No news! Busy running an oil office."Sara K. Harvey, AM, PhD '34~ is Professor of English at Indiana State TeachersCollege in Terre Haute.Ray M. Lawless, AM, PhD '40, is Chairman of the English Department, KansasCity (Missouri) Junior College. He is preparing for publication two extensive articlesof Lofcadio Hearn.Mrs. Kazimir. K. Lilien (Ruth E. Parker)is living in Barrington, and is retiring thisyear as president of the Barrington MusicClub, an organization only two years oldwith a membership of 170. It sponsors amixed chorus and the only adult orchestra in Chicago's northwest suburbs.Ferol Potter, SM '38, is teaching inFlower Technical High School for Girlsin Chicago.Dr. Henriette R. Klein (Henrietta E.Rosenthal) -is an associate in Psychiatrywith the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, and is also psychiatric consultant to the Veterans Administration resident training program.Zaven M. Seron, MD '31, is practicingmedicine in Sebring, Florida.Floss Ann Turner is teaching in the Education Department at Colorado State College of Education in Greeley, Colorado.Lillian R. Watkins is teaching mathematics at St. Joseph, Missouri, Junior College.Helen Wells is Woman's Page Editor ofthe Chicago Herald American, and recentlymade a trip to England and France, reporting on life and fashion from Londonand Paris.1925George C. Hoffman, JD '28, and Mrs.Hoffman (Ines Catron, JD '28) are livingin Springfield, Illinois, and have four sons,George, Donald, John and Frederick, aged16, 13, 10 and 5 respectively.Jennie S. Jenkinson, AM '35, retired asprincipal of Sutherland School in Chicagoin January, 1946, and since then has beenenjoying travel and working in garden andhome in Beverly Hills in Chicago.Anna May Jones is the author of "LeisureTime Education" published by Harper andBrothers, New York, and now in its second edition.John Day Larkin, AM, has been Dean ofLiberal Studies at Illinois Institute ofTechnology since 1945. He has been interested in improving the Institute's offeringsin the humanities and social studies, bothof which have been greatly augmented sincethe war.Amy Irene Moore is ending her fifteenth)year on the faculty of Moorhead StateTeachers College in Minnesota.Elizabeth H. Noble is a Latin teacher atthe James W. Riley High School in SouthBend, Indiana. Helen Steinhauser, '25, isalso at the same school teaching Spanishand Latin.Mary Sleezer (Mrs. George H. White)has returned to professional activities after19 years to relieve the teaching shortage.At Kent, Ohio she is teaching English,Music, Home Economics and Home Nursing.1926John K. Barton is an advertising agencyexecutive in Kansas City, and lives inHickman Mills, Missouri. MacCORMACSchool of CommerceEstablished 1904Accounting, BookkeepingShorthand, Stenotypy, TypingMorning, Afternoon and EveningClasses — Home Study InstructionBULLETIN FREE ON REQUESTAsk about G. /. TrainingVisit, phone or write1170 E. 63d St. TelephoneNear Woodlawn Butterfield 6363Phones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINCe Co.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueA. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave. Vin 9000410 West I Nth St. Pul 0034ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893Platers, SilversmithsSpecialists ...GOLD, SILVER, RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Rebanished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CENtral 6089-90 ChieagoTELEPHONE HAYMARKET 4566O'CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNILEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERChicago's OutstandingDRUG STORESArthur MichaudelDesigner and Maker ofDistinctive Stained Glass Windows542 North Paulina Street, ChicagoTelephone Monroe 24236CXCEllENCE IN EIECTftfCAl PRODUCTSELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - Englewood 7500HIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS SINCE I 9 O 6 + WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES -»+ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED ^* ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE -•pRAYNERl• DALHEIM &CO. '2054 W- LAKE ST., CHICAGO. Guy R. Vowles, PhD, reports the birth ofa granddaughter, Elizabeth Ellen Vowles,born October 17, 1946.1927Madi Bacon, AM '41, last June resignedas Dean of the School of Music at Roosevelt College and Lecturer in our College tobecome Head of Music at the University ofCalifornia Extension Division and Lecturerin Music at that university. She is buildingher home in the Berkeley hills overlookingthe bridges and Bay. She ends her note:"From one U. of C. to another; and I likethem both!"Lulu M. Dysart, AM, is principal ofGirls' Technical High School in Milwaukee—the only woman high school principal inMilwaukee.William J. Reilly, PhD, has just hadanother book published by Harper andBrothers: "The Twelve Rules for StraightThinking."Elva W. Seideman terminates her teaching this month in the Junior High Schoolof Sheboygan, Wisconsin where she hasbeen mathematics adviser.Ralph E. Schenk, AM, is an instructor inhistory at Valparaiso (Indiana) HighSchool, and Frieda A. Schenk, 23, AM '33,is an instructor in German at ValparaisoUniversity.1928Mildred A. Dawson, AM, was electedSecretary-Treasurer of National Conferenceon Research in English at the annual meeting in connection with the convention ofAmerican Association of School Administrators, on March 4.Chester M. Destler, AM, PhD '32, Chairman of the Department of History atConnecticut College, recently published"American Radicalism, 1865-1901" and isat present working on a biography ofHenry Demerest Floyd.Esther I. Kelso is living in Glencoe,Illinois, and teaching mathematics at NewTrier High School in Winnetka.After three years in Midland, Texasas district geologist of The Pure Oil Company, Karl A. Mygdal is transferring backto Fort Wort, Texas, where he will be incharge of a newly organized GeologicalEngineering section, concerned with petroleum reservoir studies.Robert H. Poole is an instructor in theDepartment of Romanic Languages at Stanford University, California.1929Cleo A. Brown, AM, is Chairman of theEnglish Department and Chairman of theCoordination Department of General Motors Institute, the central training agencyfor GM corporation— operates an engineering college and conducts in-plant trainingof technical and supervisory personnel.Garfield V. Cox, PhD, Dean of theSchool of Business at the University, isChairman of the Midwest Branch of theAmerican Friends Service Committee.Edgar Dale, PhD, has a new book justoff the presses: "Audio-Visual Methods inTeaching," published by Dryden Press.Maxine Hilliard is in charge of the newexperimental pre-school group at P. S. 119in Harlem, New York City.Paul L. Hollister, SM, left the faculty ofPembroke College in North Carolina, wherehe was head of the Science Department, toaccept a position as Associate Professor ofBiology at Tennessee Polytechnic Institute in Cookeville, Tenn. Sam Street Hughes, JD, just retired asfirst president of the Lansing (Michigan)Chapter Reserve Officers of Naval Services(RONS), and is now on the Board.Robert E. Landon, PhD, is in Evanston,Wyoming, where he is carrying on geologicexploration and directing geophysical exploration work for General Petroleum Corporation of California. He reports that atthe recent convention of A.A.P.G. in LosAngeles he renewed acquaintances withnumerous Chicago graduates at the "Chicago" luncheon in the Biltmore.Harrison Overman, AM, is teachingWorld History at Southwest High School inKansas City, Missouri, and also finds timeto serve as Chaplain, Veteran of ForeignWars; a member of the Board of Trusteesof the Soldier Memorial of Kansas City; amember of the Policy Committee of Local691, American Federation of Teachers; andsponsor of the Excelsior Literary Society. ):Mrs. Richard S. Hallock (Erna W.Schroeder) spent the "duration" in Washington, D. C. and is now back in Chicago,as "Regional Information Advisor" in theChicago Regional Office of the Departmentof Commerce. Her job is to work withbusiness organizations, libraries, press, etc.,in informing business men of the servicesand publications available to them throughthe Department of Commerce.Erma H. Wainner, AM, just returned byair from Foochow, China, where she hadbeen working as regional welfare officerwith UNRRA. Before leaving Shanghai sheattended the first National Welfare Conference held in China.1930Mary S. Allen is teaching deaf studentsat the Lapham School of Madison, Wisconsin.J. Howell Atwood, PhD, gathered thedata in 24 selected cities for the Committee on Negro Constituency appointed bythe National Council of ,the Y.M.C.A. Thereport was published last December underthe title: "The Racial Factor in Y.M.C.A.'s."Carter Davidson, PhD, President ofUnion College, Schenectady, New York,was recently elected a member of the. Boardof Directors of the Association of AmericanColleges; and Secretary of the Board of theAssociated Colleges of Upper New Yorkwho are operating the "veterans colleges" atChamplain, Mohawk, and Sampson.Lillian Herman is enjoying a sabbaticalyear studying on the quadrangles, andwrites that she finds quite a change inUniversity atmosphere.Elizabeth McFaddan is a psychologist inthe Colorado Springs (Colorado) ChildGuidance Clinic with special emphasis onreading and speech problems.M. Evlyn Pearsons is back on the quadrangles doing work in the Graduate Library School.Mrs. Lewis G. Pope (Myrtle M. Pihlman)is on "lend-lease" to Ward Belmont Collegefrom Vanderbilt University, and is makingstudies in the nature and prevention offailures in college freshman English, a summary of which is appearing in the CollegeEnglish Association "News Letter."Margaret H. Waters is employed in theDepartment of Special Education in theOak Park Elementary Schools.Bernard Weinberg, PhD '36, is AssociateProfessor of Romance Languages at Washington University in St. Louis. This summer he expects to come back to the quadrangles to teach in the Department of Romance Languages and Literature for theTHE UNI Vsummer quarter, after which he leaves forEngland, France and Italy to study on aGuggenheim Post-service Fellowship.1931C. Clifton Aird, SM, recently returnedfrom Europe where he went as a terrainanalyst for the Military Intelligence Department. Of the ten men in the party,three were from the University of Chicago.Aird claims it was worth a year of graduatework.Marcus Block, MD Rush '31, is spendingthe summer Chicago taking a post graduatecourse at Cook County Graduate School ofMedicine and Surgery in Dermatology andRadiology.Otie G. Branstetter, who did graduatework at Chicago, is director of the Weekday School of Religion for the Ann ArborCouncil of Churches.Fred R. Bush, AM, who served overseasduring the war with the American RedCross, is now Associate Professor of English and Speech, and Director of Dramaticsat Central Michigan College, Mount Pleasant, Michigan.Dorothy L. Ellis is executive secretary ofthe Travelers Aid Society in Akron andpart time student at the Western Reserveschool of Applied Social Sciences in Cleveland.Richard M. Kain, AM, PhD '34, is Associate Professor of English at the Universityof Louisville. His book: "Ulysses, FabulousVoyager" based on Joyce's work, was published by the University Press this spring.Marcia McNee is Associate Professor ofElementary Education and Psychology atMorningside College, Sioux City, Iowa.She will speak at the state Delta KappaGamma convention.George O. Meierdierks, AM '36, is one ofthe administrative heads of Lane Technical High School in Chicago. His wife,Ruth Dick Meierdierks, AM '36, is Headof the English Department at AmundsenHigh.Henriette C. K. Naeseth, PhD, is Head ofthe Department of English and Chairmanof the Division of Humanities at AugustanaCollege in Rock Island, Illinois. In addition, she is giving a weekly radio program"New Books and Old" for station WABFin Rock Island.Frank M. Petkevich, MD '37, is completing a fellowship in Radiology in Washington, D. C.Donald V. Shuhart, PhD, writes: "Aftercompleting a study of soil conservationneeds in south China as advisor to the Minister of Agriculture under the Departmentof State's war-time Cultural CooperationProgram, I made a study of soil conservation needs in India. To get some first handinformation. I spent nearly three weekshunting big game. I had many interestingexperiences. Finally, I killed a big Bengalman-eater but only after he nearly killedme. He bit and broke my right leg justabove the knee. Hindus said I am one ota very few people who got away from theattack of a wounded tiger by killing thebeast unassisted. I spent eleven months inhospitals and still have a stiff right leg. Iam about ready for another big game hunt.Anyone want to go???"Clarence E. Swingley, AM, is Principalof the Edison High School in Gary, anddoing graduate work on his PhD in thesummers at the University.Gustav B. Ulvin, SM, PhD '34, is ChiefTechnician for Foremost Dairies, Inc., withoffices in Jacksonville, Florida. RSITY OF CHICAGO1932Evelyn C. Adams is the author of "American Indian Education; GovernmentSchools and Economic Progress" recentlypublished by King's Crown Press, Columbia University.Edna V. Ballard is Director of SchoolLibraries at the Lansing, Michigan PublicLibrary.Norris L. Brookens, PhD '37, MD '39,is living in Urbana, Illinois, and practicinginternal medicine at Carle Hospital Clinic,after 3]/2 years service with the Army inCalifornia and the Pacific. He and Mrs.Brookens (Ruth L. Schurman, '31) havethree daughters: Abigail, 4; Eleanor, 2;and Melinda, 2 months.Alfred V. Frankenstein, music and artcritic of the San Francisco Chronicle, hasbeen awarded a Guggenheim fellowshipfor research in art.Ruth M. Griswold, SM, PhD '44, resigned her position at Michigan State College to return to the campus in Octoberof 1945. She is teaching food chemistry inthe Department of Home Economics at theUniversity.Mary A. Heghin has a teaching positionin the State Training School for Girls inGeneva, Illinois.Joseph S. Shick, AM, PhD '37, is Professorof English at Indiana State Teachers College in Terre Haute.Elsa Schroeder is an elementary schoolprincipal in Dubuque, Iowa.1933Mary J. Ausman, SM, is on a year's leaveof absence from Flower Technical Schoolin Chicago, and is studying Spanish atDePaul University and plans to spend thesummer in Mexico City.Last June, Flora H. Bowman retired fromteaching and she is now employed as Company Librarian, serving the editorial staffof Row, Peterson and Company, publishers of textbooks in Evanston, Illinois.John B. Elliott and his wife, JosephineMirabella, '32, AM '35, have been farmingin New Harmony, Indiana since the warcurtailed government-sponsored archeology.They are apparently having a good timeand are still enthusiastic about their AlmaMater.WiUis W. Fisher, DB, PhD '36, Professorof Old Testament Literature and Archaeology in the Graduate School of Religionat the University of Southern California, ispreparing a text dealing with Old Testament history, literature and religion.Marjorie Hutchinson is principal of theBroadway School in Gardner, Mass., andreports using much reading material ofDr. William S. Gray.Mrs. Florian Mueller (Jean P. Parkinson)is living in Riverdale, Illinois, and hastwo children: Therese Jean, 11; and Florian Parkinson, 7. Her husband is firstoboist of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.Hubert G. Schmidt, AM '36, is AssistantProfessor of History at the Newark Colleges of Rutgers University.Velma D. Whipple is to be in charge ofNature Study on a Senior Girl Scout expedition to be taken in July through thesouthwestern states, and expects to movefrom Park Ridge, Illinois, to New Mexicoin the fall.Edith B. Whitney is supervising thekindergarten and elementary grades in Virginia, Minnesota. MAGAZINE 27AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo EngraversArtltti —Makeri of Electrotyp.nPrinting Plato429S. Ashland Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 75 15BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOak. 0492 Oak. 0493Trained and licensed attendantsAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1121Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000Alice Banner Englewood 3181COLORED HaPFACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMILLS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agcy., 5534 S. State St.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONST.A.REHHQU1STC0.vo/Wentworth 4422T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.Hyde Park 6200 Midway 0009Radio ServiceHerman's Radio ShopVICTOR ¦ DECCA ¦ BLUEBIRDRECORDS935 East 55th StreetPENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREETFAIRFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '2 IEpstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone State 8951BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePlaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director 1934Mrs. M. J. Gross (Martha Henderson)has two children aged 13 and 6, and writesshe is busy keeping their feet dry andtheir activities under some control. Herhusband, who went to Germany after thewar to investigate their X-ray industry, hasjust been made Vice-President of GeneralElectric X-Ray Corporation, as head ofengineering. They are living in Wauwa-tosa, Wisconsin.Dudley T. Moore, SM '35, and Mrs.Moore (Ruth Camp Moore, '34, SM '35)are living in Oakland, California, wherethey have just purchased a new home. Mr.Moore is group leader at Paraffine Companies, Inc., and Mrs. Moore has beenworking as control chemist at the AlbersMilling Company, but has resigned todevote full time to the new house and its3V2 acres.Helen L. Morgan, AM '36, is AssistantProfessor at Macalester College in St.Paul, and writes that after teaching in ahigh school she is very appreciative of thestimulating environment of a college campus.Hasseltine Byrd Taylor, PhD, JD '39,has a second daughter, born October 31,1946, and is a part-time lecturer at theUniversity of California School of SocialWelfare at Berkeley.William B. Tucker, MD, resigned as Assistant Professor of Medicine of the University early in 1947 to accept a position asAssociate Clinical Professor of Medicine ofthe University of Minnesota, and Chief ofthe Tuberculosis Service of the VeteransAdministration Hospital in Minneapoliswhich is affiliated with the University ofMinnesota. He and Mrs. Tucker and theirtwo children, aged three years and sixmonths, respectively, are living at 361246th Avenue South, Minneapolis.1935If you think you're busy, listen: AlbertaAnnon (Mrs. Leo A. Car ten) is the AlumniFoundation chairman for Alexandria, Educational Chairman of the AlexandriaBranch of the A.S.U.W. from which she isa delegate to the state convention, a charter member helping to organize the Alexandria Junior Woman's Club, and a member of the Alexandria Association for thePreservation of Antiquities. She also reviews books for St. John's (Church of thePresidents) Bookstall while supervising thehome life of a husband and two daughters—two and four. Mr. Carten is a graduateof M.I.T. and George Washington University Law School. He is doing graduatework in patent law while serving as Chiefof Weapons Branch in the Bureau of Ordnance at the Pentagon Building. DaughterAnn, age four, is already talking abouther plans for Chicago, according tomother.Holger B. Bentsen, Business Manager ofGeorge Williams College, a few blocksfrom the quadrangles, has a son, Williamin the second year of the College, havingentered after two years of high school.Frank D. Bryan is working for Wolf andCompany, certified public accountants, inChicago.Robert R. Crawford, MD, has returnedto private practice in Mansfield, Ohio afterfour years in the Navy. His specialty isorthopedic surgery.Fred E. Fortress is being transferred tothe Summit, New Jersey, Central researchlaboratory of the Celanese Corporation. Hisdaughter, June Sybil, is almost two. Vernon H. MacNeill has just completedhis tenth year as minister of the FirstBaptist Church of Rock Island, Illinois.Theodora Mills is working for the Officeof Foreign Agricultural Relations withthe United States Department of Agriculture, and is living in Chevy Chase, Maryland.1936Oscar L. Altman, PhD, was releasedfrom the Army Air Forces with the rankof Lieutenant Colonel, and spent a yearwith the French Supply Council, first asAssistant Chief and later as Chief of itsPlans and Analysis Office, helping in theprocurement and delivery of Goods toFrance for rehabilitation and economicdevelopment. He is now with the International Monetary Fund as AdministrativeAssistant to the Managing Director. )Randolph Bean is manager of radiostation WCHV and about to become thefirst "immediate past President" of theCharlottesville and Albemarle (Virginia)Junior Chamber of Commerce. He is thefather of two little girls, Susan, 6; andSarah, 3.Essie White Cohn, PhD, is Professor ofChemistry at the University of Denver;represented the American Chemical Society at the Mountain-Plain regional conference in May; and is working under aresearch grant from the American MedicalAssociation on the effects of sulfa drugs onthe body.Don Hughes, PhD '40, is Director ofExperimental Physics for the Argonne National Laboratories, and is also teaching aGreat Books course. Mrs. Hughes, (EmilyPeterson, '37) is active in the NewcomersFaculty Group and the Hyde Park Leagueof Women Voters, when she isn't busywith Bonita, aged two, and Carolyn, eightmonths.Elsie Margaret Johnson, AM '41 is livingin Des Moines, Iowa, where she is teaching"American Problems" in the RooseveltHigh School, and teaching social scienceat Drake University Community College.Sherman E. Johnson, PhD, Professor ofNew Testament in Episcopal TheologicalSchool, Cambridge, Massachusetts, has beenappointed the Annual Professor in theAmerican School of Oriental Research inJerusalem for 1947-48.Earl J. McGrath, PhD, is the editor ofthe new Journal of General Education,published quarterly by the University ofIowa.John Hammond Schacht, AM, is working for his PhD in English at the University of Illinois under the G.I. Bill.Griffith P. Taylor is now employed inhis native Australia as a designer in anairplane factory. His father, for years Professor of Geography at the University,continues to be very active at the University of Toronto.1937Guenther Baumgart, MBA '39 and hiswife Ardis N. Manney, '39, live in Chicago. They have two children, BonnieElizabeth, 4, and Bruce, a year old inAugust.Joseph Ceithaml, PhD '41, has returnedto the quadrangles where he is an Assistant Professor of Biochemistry, adviser topre-medical students and Resident Headon one of the College Halls at Burton-Judson Court. Just to make it unanimousMrs. Ceithaml devotes her spare time tosupervising the popular extra-curricularcollege Arts and Crafts Studio.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29William N. Hawley, DB '38, is ministerof .the Greenhills Community Church inGreenhills, Ohio, and served this year aspart-time instructor in English in the College of Engineering of the University ofCincinnati.Doris M. Hunter is working in thechemistry department of Illinois ResearchHospital of the University of Illinois Medical School in Chicago and is also takinggraduate work in the graduate school atthe University of Illinois Chicago campus.Roland C. Olsson, MD '40, is a residentphysician at Hines Veterans Hospital atHines, Illinois, and is living with hisfather who is still practicing medicine atthe age of 81.Orme W. Phelps, MBA '39, PhD '45, andMrs. Phelps (Jean Wright, '37) are movingfrom Chicago to Claremont, California,this summer, where Mr. Phelps will beteaching at Claremont Men's College.Victor Tepper, MD, has been a practicing physician in Newark, New Jerseysince he completed his medical schooling.For three years during the war he servedin the Army getting as far as Hawaii. Whenhe returned he was assigned to inactiveduty as a major. Dr. Tepper was in Chicago recently spending three weeks atCook County hospital brushing up on thelatest in surgery in which he expects todo more specializing. He has two children,Linda, 7, and David, 1.1938John J. Balanda is being transferred toPortland, Oregon, where he will be connected with the research laboratory ofSwift and Company.Willis H. Shapley and his wife, VirginiaBishop, '41, are living in Washington, D. C.where he is with the Bureau of the Budgetof the Executive Office of the President.Mrs. Shapley is doing editorial work. Theyhave two daughters, Sarah, 5!/2> and Deborah, 1V2-Catherine M. Broderick, AM '42, completed nearly three years service in theSPARS, in June of 1946. Since then shehas been Director of Social Studies andVisual Education in the Fort Wayne Public Schools.Retta Gasteyer has resigned as schoolnurse in Hinsdale, Illinois to operate thefamily farm in central Nebraska.Mrs. John W. Mattingly (Phyllis R.Greene) is teaching French at the University of Illinois, Urbana, and her husband is a student. At the end of the summer session they are going on a fishingtrip to northern Michigan and westernColorado before returning to Urbana forthe fall semester.Myron T. Hopper, PhD, reports he ishaving an interesting time on his sabbaticleave in New York City. He is to be visiting professor in Union Theological Seminary and Columbia University during the1947 summer sessions.Kathryn I. Kays, AM, (Mrs. D. H.Learned since July, 1943) is not only ahousewife and mother— of two sons— but isworking with the New York Life Insurance Company. Ending her first year shequalified for the Quarter Million RoundTable for women in the field of InsuranceMarketing.Charlotte Fey Meisenbach is living inPasadena, California, and although theyhave only been there six months, has el- ready experienced her first earthquake, soshe feels she is really a Californian! SonLuke, eighteen months old, calls them"earthqueeks."Mrs. Robert V. Murray (Marguerite I.McManus) is living in Minneapolis, andher three small sons take up most of hertime.Bill Rasmussen, SM '39, is AssociateProfessor of Geology at A. and M. Collegeof Texas, and writes that he enjoys hiswork immensely.La Verne Riess is an artist with Apple-ton Parsons and Company, a firm of designers and printing consultants in NewYork City.Carl D. Strouse, MD, writes that he isbusy establishing a medical practice andraising a family. His 19 month old daughter already wants to enroll at the University.Florine M. Vatter, AM, is Supervisor ofHome Economics of the Board of Education in the Cincinnati public schools.Preston J. von Kolken, MD '38, left inDecember for French Cameroun, WestAfrica, to do medical mission work forthree years.1939Rachel E. Anderson is with Merck andCompany, Inc., in Rahway, New Jersey,and since February has been secretary forthe Merck Manual, one of the medicalpublications of the Medical Division ofthe Company.Mrs. Bertha J. Catt has been a psychiatric social worker in Elgin State Hospitalsince February, 1944.Eloise W. Clarke, AM, is visiting teacherwith the New Orleans Public School System.Evelyn R. Dansky, AM '46, is associatedwith the Family Service of Omaha as seniorcase worker.Robert J. Greenebaum was released fromthe Navy in January, 1946. He is nowVice-president in Charge of Sales of M.Born and Company, Chicago clothing manufacturer.Burton B. Moyer, Jr., and his wife havebeen enjoying the Florida climate sinceAugust of 1946. He has been employed inJacksonville for the last eight months asthe recruitment and placement officer ofthe Florida office of the War Assets Administration.Richard R. Ranney, with his wife,dropped in for a brief visit at AlumniHouse last month. After serving as a FirstLieutenant in Medical Administration during the war, Rich has now transferred hisoperations to Washington where he is Chiefof the Budget Branch in the Office of theSurgeon General. The Ranneys have purchased half an acre— with 70 trees!— nearMount Vernon Boulevard in Virginia andhave let the contract for an aluminumhouse. The Ranneys are convinced thataluminum Duz everything!Aaron Q. Sartain, PhD, is Chairman ofthe Department of Psychology at SouthernMethodist University, Dallas, Texas.Leo Seren, PhD '42, worked at the LosAlamos atomic bomb laboratory untilJanuary, 1946, and has been with the General Electric Research Laboratory inSchenectady since then, Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, Van Buren 0230ACMESHEET METAL WORKSANIMAL CAGESandLaboratory Equipment1121 East 55th StreetPhone Hyde Park 9500BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 5380RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192LATOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOf her PlantsBoston — N.Y. — Phil. — Syracuse — Cleveland"You Might As Well Have The Best"The Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324Telephone Haymarket 3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributors otCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186EASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488Telephone KENwood 1352J. E. KIDWELL FbrM826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLE. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS# INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182BOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493V= IBhnmlllhiii^ ,PARKER-HOLSMAN* c_ ?.. "...y... ".ii.".. iiL.......ii! Y *Real Estate and Insurance1501 East 57th Street Hyde Park 2525 1940Erminnie H. Bartelmez, AM, writes: "Iam teaching at the University of Idaho-German and Russian. Enjoy it very much.Beautiful country out here." Editor's note:You're tell us! We used to live down thecanyon from you at Kendrick!Arthur L. Broida recently joined thestaff of the Board of Governors of theFederal Reserve System as an economistin the Business Conditions Section, Division of Research and Statistics.William C. Larkin is teaching chemistryand physics at St. Joseph High School inSt. Joseph, Michigan.Andrew E. Leonas is working for Time,Inc , in Chicago, and is the father of aneight months old son, Mark.Donald C. McKinley, JD, is living inDenver, where he is an attorney, and reports skiing and living in Denver is thebest in the U. S.Jane Morris is on the staff of the Officeof Admissions while her husband, RobertM. Becker, MD '43, is a member of theResident Staff at Billings Hospital.Sarah J. Nichols, AM, is a social workerin a tuberculosis hospital with the Veterans Administration.Alfred Pfanstiehl is teaching Physics andAlgebra at the Putney School, Putney, Vermont.Lillian Wurzel, AM, is a Medical SocialWorker at the Los Angeles TuberculosisSanatorium1941Bliss Forbush, Headmaster of FriendsSchool, Baltimore, recently published a revised edition of his "Toward Understanding Jesus."Charles M. Grace, MD Rush, completedterminal leave from the Medical Corps,U S. Navy, on April 8, 1947, and is nowenjoying the practice of medicine in partnership with his father in Chillicothe, Missouri.Mary M. Hammel and her husband,Richard A. Davis are living in Pasadenawhile he finishes his school work followinghis discharge from service.After five years in Connecticut as Assistant Superintendent of Nurses, Jennie M.Kahl has returned to the middle west asDirector of Education at Deaconess Hospital, Freeport, Illinois.Charles R. Mowery, Jr., MD '43, is livingin Seattle, where he is taking a residency ingeneral surgery since leaving active dutyin the U. S Navy Reserve in July of 1946.Mrs. James Anderson (Mona Mae Veery)is living in Grosse Point, Michigan. Herdaughter, Gail Frances, was born in 1946.Grace M. Wilson, AM, is Director of theReading Foundation School in Berea College, Kentucky.1942Ruth Vance Babcock, AM, '43, is servingas Student Counselor at the Michael ReeseHospital School of Nursing.H. C. Darling, PhD, has been living inHuntington, West Virginia since 1930where he is professor of biology at Marshall College.David L. Fisher is working in the GroundArmament Engineering Department ofSperry Gyroscope Company at Lake Success, New York. In his spare time he isbusy fixing and planting around his newhome three miles further east on Long Island. "America" is a Life-style magazine published by our government for Russian circulation. Fifty thousand copies are permittedto circulate among designated groups. Inthe opinion of men qualified to know, thismagazine is one of the best jobs we do toinform Russians about our way of life.Much credit for the success of this venturegoes to the editor of "America," Joseph O.Hanson, JD.Maurine E. Kornfeld is working at theVince A. Day Center, the Hennipen(Minneapolis) County study and treatmenthome for children with behavior problems.She writes that she likes the work, andthat with forty children at the Center, lifeis anything but dull.William T. Levy and Mrs. Levy (ElaineR. Siegel, '43) are living in Buffalo, andwrite that they "miss the good old U. ofC." Mr. Levy is in the appliance business,and is enjoying the settled life after threeand a half years in the Navy.Robert A. Mosher is back on the quadrangles taking post-graduate work.Eugene S. Prybylski, A.M, is a socialworker with the Veterans Administrationin South Bend, Indiana.Mrs. Betty M. Wettstyne, MBA, hasestablished her own export-import business in Akron, Ohio. She is also a generalforeign trade consultant.Dudley A. Zinke is living in San Mateo,California, where he is practicing law withthe firm of Pillsbury, Madison and Sutroin San Francisco after four years offlying the Pacific for the Air TransportCommand His one son, John Dudley, isnow nearly two1943Carl F. Christ is living at Howarth Cooperative House and studying for hisPhD in economics at the University, andhas been awarded a fellowship for nextyear (1947-48).Elizabeth Eiselen, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Geography at Wellesley, Dean ofthe Class of 1949, and President of theNew England Geographical Confeience.Sidney S. Harcave, PhD, is teaching history at the University of Wyoming.Mrs. M. R. Taraki (Shirlee J. Heda, AM'47) has moved from Chicago to Kabul.Afghanistan where her husband will headthe Psychology Department at the University of Kabul, and she will teach in agirls' high school.Richard Hochman is doing publicityand public relations work for the NationalSafety Council.Richard V. McKay, Jr., MD, is workingas a Fellow in Medicine and Psychiatry atthe Strong Memorial Hospital of the University of Rochester, after serving in theArmy.Merton D. Oyler, PhD, became Professoiand Chairman of the Department of Sociology at Berea College, Berea, Kentucky,September, 1946.Raymond R. Ryder, PhD, has two commencements to attend this June. DaughterRuth Eloise graduates from Purdue with amajor in Speech and Speech Correction,and his youngest, Robert, graduates fromWest Lafayette High School.1944David Curtis Beebe was back on thequadrangles in April for a reunion withfriends after his discharge from the AirCorps on March 25, 1947. His currentaddress is Ashville, North Carolina.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31Jane Epstein was forced to stop schooland work (both in Education) because ofan auto accident last fall, but hopes to beback on the quadrangles the summer quarter.Beverly M. Glenn will receive an LL.B.degree from Columbia University Schoolof Law at their June convocation.Ruth L. Johnson is regional consultantfor Nurse Education, Division of Nursing,U. S. Public Health Service. She was commissioned in the Regular Corps of theU.S.P.H.S. in November, 1946, and has acommission as Nurse Officer.Mary Ellen Jones is working as a research assistant for Armour Laboratories.Maryce Klaff is back on campus since thesummer of '46, working for an MBA, andeagerly waiting for a real vacation.Mrs. John Crocker, Jr., (Elinor Winslow)is living in Boston, Massachusetts, whileher husband completes his work at HarvardUniversity. Mrs. Crocker received a secondA.B. degree from Radcliffe College lastJune.1945Mary Augustine has spent the past winterat her home in Grand Island, Nebraska,after having worked last year as a lecturer at the Chicago Natural History Museum.Louise A. Colley, AM, is assisting in arural adult education program in Ontario.Her field is recreation although the workcovers all phases and is meeting with finecooperation and appreciation.John M. Dickerson is in the Universityof Arizona Law School, and is hoping to seemany of his old U. of C. friends in Junewhen he comes home for the summer.Donald Allister Fergusson, MBA, is Associate Professor of Business Administration at Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio.Walter J. Levy, AM, is counselor with theJewish Employment and Vocational Service in St. Louis, Missouri.1946Mrs. Walter F. Yondorf (Anne L. Lowald)and her husband are ardent disciples ofthe Great Books courses; they are now taking the second year course and her husbandis teaching a first year course.Shirley Soderstrom is majoring in Journalism at the University of Missouri.SOCIAL SERVICECecilia Carey Heichemer, AM '35, hastaken a position as Supervisor with theLittle Children's Aid in San Francisco.Of the students who took the Master'sDegree at the Winter Convocation, Dorothy Aylesworth has taken a position withthe Division of Medical and Surgical SocialHarriette-Lou Kemp, '40, many monthsago, combined her talents with those ofJohn Kaye to design a new lipstick productwhich already is outlining cupid bows inseven shades on the lips of over 50,000women.A unique feature of this product is thecase, which has mirrors on two sides. Onalternate sides is etched the trade name:"Harriet Kaye".This apparently gave the young coupleideas. On January 4, 1947, at the Churchof the Flower in Glendale, among many Service of the Illinois Department of Public Welfare and will be located in Springfield, Illinois; Reuben E. Carlson has takena position with the Children's Division ofthe State Department of Public Welfare ofNorth Dakota; Rebecca B. Carter with theInstitute for Juvenile Research in Chicago,Robbie Lou Fitzgerald in the ResearchDivision of the Federation of Social Agencies of Pittsburgh and Allegheny Countyand is located in Pittsburgh; John L. Goetzhas taken a supervisory position in theBranch Office of the Veterans Administration in Chicago; John W. Hanks and AnnaStrizhak have joined the staff of the UnitedCharities of Chicago; Elizabeth Jacob iscontinuing with her position as supervisorin the Mental Hygiene Clinic of MichaelReese Hospital; Inez McCabe and LauraH. Wingate will take positions with theAmerican Red Cross; Charles F. Mitchellhas accepted a position as Regional Methods Consultant in the Health Division ofthe United States Children's Bureau andwill be located in Atlanta, Georgia; MurielE. Nelson has taken a position with theChildren's Bureau of Oakland, California;William H. Robinson with the Boys CourtService of the Church Federation of Chicago; Erna Margaret Sibley with the Family Welfare Association of Milwaukee;Mary Elizabeth Smith with the BensonvilleHome for Children, Bensonville, Illinois.ENGAGEMENTSMr. and Mrs. S. W. Alpert of Chicagohave announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Elaine Alpert, '45, to Dr. MarvinL. Weston. Miss Alpert is completing herstudies at the University for her Master'sdegree in the School of Business. Herfiance studied at the University of Michigan, and was graduated from NorthernIllinois College of Optometry.Miss Ronna Soble, '45, to Melvin H.Daskal, '45. The wedding is announcedfor June. Mr. Daskal is just completing hiswork on an MBA at Chicago.MARRIAGESEleanora Hansen, '15, and Ira B. Feewere married April 6, 1946, and are livingin Missoula, Montana. ,Sara-Jane Haven, AM '41, was marriedon March 14 to Bogardus S. Mitchell inIndianapolis. She is continuing as teacherof music at the Tudor Hall School forGirls.John C. Hirschler, AM '21, and VelmaBullard were married November 16, 1946.They are living in Indianapolis, Indiana,where Mr. Hurschler is an insurance agent.Milton H. Kreines, '27, and Adele Josswere married March 30, 1947 at Minneapolis, Minnesota.Harold Frederick Schwede, '27, and RuthCurtis were married February 8, 1947, andare living in Houston, Texas.California friends and relatives, Harriette-Lou Kemp and John Kaye completed thecompany consolidation. John is a graduateof Northwestern and a member of the engineering staff at Goss Printing Press Company in Chicago.While building their market for lipsticks, Mr. and Mrs. Kaye are working onan allied product which they hope to merchandise soon: a nail polish. We assumethe compact container will include brush,clip, file, buffer, orange stick and blotter. CLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180W. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANA*P*irtten& and ^>i*tden&SALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORKWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phonei Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or —Waison DoeiTuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway 4404LIP SERV CE SUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eyebrows, back of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLIS EXPERT20 years' experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705, Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATION32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPETERSONFIREPROOFWAREHOUSESTORAGEMOVING•Foreign — DomesticShipments•55th & ELLIS AVENUEPHONEBUTterfield 6711BIENENFELDChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35th St PhoneLafayette 8400BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmoiket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMulti graph IngAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum Price*All Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoTREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMid. 4200AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simoniie, Washand Greasing Departments Matthew T. Gladstone, '40, and EvelynBorgstrom, '40, were married last December. Mr. Gladstone expects to finish workat the University in the near future.Sam A. Myar, '40, LLB '42, and Katharine Hahn of Memphis were married lastfall. Mr. Myar is practicing law in Memphis.Betty Jane Salk, '41, AM '42, was marriedon January 11, 1947, to Samuel L. Arons.They are living at 803 Columbus Avenuein New York City.Eloise Ford, AM '45, and Edward K.Reeves, Jr., were married April 2, 1947, andare living in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.Lorraine Jones, '45, and Robert DonaldPaul were married February 19, 1947, inThorndike Hilton Memorial Chapel oncampus. They are at home at 8136 DrexelAvenue in Chicago.Lois Ann Katlin, '45, and S. RichardWynn, '43, MBA '45, were married onNovember 27, 1947, and are living at 6106University Avenue, Chicago. Mr. Wynn isteaching accounting at DePaul University.John D. Lyding, Jr., '45, who is now astudent at the University of California,Berkeley, was married to Natalie Jane Doeat the Piedmont Community Church onFebruary 16. Mr. Lyding is the son of Mrs.John D. Lyding (Mercedes Jones, '19) and'the brother of Mrs. James G. Bell, (Joan K.Lyding, '41) and Mrs. Stanley H. Moulton(Patricia A. Lyding, '42) all of whom attended the wedding.Harriet Roth, '45, and Maurice E. Olen,'43, were married last August 21. Theyare living in Mobile, Alabama, where Mr.Olen is in business.Cora Glasner, '46, was married December 21, 1946, to Charles Robert Ryerson,and they are living in Washington, D. C.Sidney Hirsohn, AM '46, and Edna H.Sherbin, '45, were married in Chicago onMarch 23, 1947. They are living in Reading, Pennsylvania, where Mr. Hirsohn ispsychiatric case worker for the GuidanceInstitute.Maxine Ruth Mann, AM '46, was married January 25, 1947, to Sol Gordon. Theyare living at 6753 Merrill Avenue in Chicago. Mrs. Gordon is Advisor on StudentActivities at Roosevelt College.On March 23, 1947, Ida S. Patinkin, '46,and Daniel Goldberger, '45, were married.The groom is now working on his Master'sdegree in the Department of Judaic Studiesin the Oriental Institute and studying forthe rabbinate at the Hebrew TheologicalCollege. The bride is working for a teaching certificate in the Department of English at the University.BIRTHSM. William Malczewski, '20, JD '20, andMrs. Malczewski announce the birth ofMartha Lee, who joined the family November 21, 1946.Verbatim report from John H. Mead,'24: "An enrollee of the Class of 1965 bythe name of Frank John Mead became amember of my family on 11/27/46."Born to George Lynn Cross, PhD '29, andMrs. Cross, on November 15, 1946, a son,Braden Riehl Cross. They have two otherchildren: Mary Lynn, 16; and GeorgeWellington, 10.Robert Mathews Jackson was bornMarch 13, 1947, at Elmhurst, Illinois, theson of John Mathews Jackson, '29, PhD '32and Mrs. Jackson. The baby has onebrother and five sisters and is a grandsonof William Hayden Jackson, '99, JD '07.His father is a member of the ResearchDepartment of the American Can Company, Maywood, 111. John Walker Friedeman was born toRichard F. Friedeman, '33, and Mrs.Friedeman (Elisabeth Walker, '35) onMarch 22, 1947.William H. Bessey, '34, and Mrs. Besseyannounce the birth on March 30, 1947, ofa daughter, Barbara Lynn.William A. Pitcher, '34, DB '39, andMrs. Pitcher (Emma H. Bickham, '37) announce the arrival of Charles Alvin onFebruary 24, 1947. The "Charles" is forDean Charles Gilkey. The new arrivalhas a brother Hugh, 5lA, and a sister,Betsy, V/%.Donald Bellstrom, '35, and Mrs. Bell-strom (Ruth Strine, '31, AM '33) announcethe birth on Jon David Bellstrom onDecember 14, 1946. Jon has a brother,Stephen Kyrk, who is 8. The Bellstromsare now living in Oberlin, Ohio.Son Drew arrived at the home of Norman S. Becker, '35, Chicago, on March 8.B. Franklin Gurney, '35, SM '38 andMrs. Gurney (Jane Hebert, '35) have addeda girl to their family. Jean arrived October15, 1946. Brother Donald, Vfa years, thinksshe is pretty special. Mr. Gurney is Associate Research Chemist at the DentalSchool of Loyola University in Chicago.M. Wesley Roper, PhD '35, and Mrs.Roper announce the birth of a son, ArthurGardom, on October 2, 1946, at Greene-ville, Tennessee.Isadore Singer, '35, and Mrs. Singer, whowas Ruth Chapman when she was oncampus in 1934-35, announce the arrivalof a son, Alan Joseph, on October 2, 1946.Their daughter, Marilee, is five, and theymake their home in Hollywood, California.Trying J. Axelrad, '37, JD '39, and Mrs.Axelrad announce the birth of Karen Sueon April 9, 1947, at Washington, D. C.Mr. and Mrs. John M. Smyth (JudithFox '37) became the parents of a son,John M. III. on April 1, 1947. They havea daughter, Indie, age 3, and are living inWinnetka, Illinois.The third arrival in the Frederick R.Dickerson home, Washington, D. C, wasMartha Reed on October 23, 1946. Motheris Jane Morrison, AM '37.Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Naibert (Elizabeth L. Thompson, '37) are the proudparents of a son, Robert Wells Naibert,born February 1, 1947. Their other children are Margaret, 5, and Anne, 3.Mr. and Mrs. Horace E. McCartney(Rose-Marie Brubaker, '38) announce thearrival of Merian Davida, born February28, 1947. They are living in Phoenixville,Pa._A son, Hart Perry Jr., was born March14, 1947, to Hart Perry, '39, AM '40, andMrs. Perry (Beatrice Gaidzik, '42). Mr.Perry is now Secretary and Assistant to thePresident of American Community Builders, Inc., the company which is going tobuild a completely new town south of Chicago between Matteson and ChicagoHeights.Paul Thomas Archipley, '40, reports thebirth of their third child. Thomas, bornJanuary 15, 1947. The oldest, Kenneth, isfive, and Judy is three and a half. Mr.Archipley is assistant purchasing agent forCentury? Metalcraft Corporation of LosAngeles, manufacturers of Presto PressureCookers. Their home is in Long Beach,California.Thomas Leo Ogren was born March 27,1947_the ten pound son of Quentin Ogren,'40, and Mrs. Ogren of Huntington Park,California. They have two daughters:Elizabeth, five, and Rachel, four.Born to Norman B. Sigband, '40, AM '41,and Mrs. Sigband, a baby girl on January4, 1947. She has been named Robin.Mayer K. Stern, '40, reports: "My wifegave birth to a member of the Class of1969. Date: January 8, 1947. Name: AlanM. Stern."Barrie George Dyer Cowan arrived Febru-^ary 7, 1947, at Chicago Lyin-In Hospital.Proud parents are George Denis Cowan,AM '42, and Mrs. Cowan.David Hitchcock Niday was born March31, 1947, to James B. Niday, '42, and Mrs.Niday at Chicago, Illinois.Born to Gioh-Fang Dju Ma, AM '42, PhD'46 and Tsu Sheng Ma, PhD '38, a son,Cho-Po, in October, 1946, at Shanghai.A son, James William, was born on December 28, 1946, to William G. Stryker, AM'42, at Omaha, Nebraska. Many alumniwill remember his wife, Muriel, as secretary to Dr. William Gray of the Education Department in 1941-42. They have adaughter, Janet, who is four. They plan toreturn to California next fall, where Mr.Stryker will complete work on his doctorateat Stanford University.Charles Michael Johnson III was bornlast March to Charles M. Johnson, '43, MD'45, and Mrs. Johnson. They are living inLivermore, California.Donald M. Hawkins, '46, and Mrs. Hawkins (Lucille Bilsborough, '43) announce thebirth of Shirley Lorraine on April 5, 1947,at Lying-In Hospital on campus. Mr.Hawkins, now in Law School at the University, reports that big sister Frances (almost three) is bearing up well under thestrain of having a new baby sister.DEATHSHamilton W. Hewit, MD Rush '77, onFebruary 18, 1947. Dr. Hewit wouldhave been 97 on April 5th. George H. Weaver, MD Rush, '89, notedpathologist and former Rush faculty member, on April 19, 1947, at Evanston, Illinois.Thomas G. Tibby, MD Rush, '94, onOctober 16, 1946, at Sparta, Illinois.Daniel E. Willard, '95, on April 1, 1947.i Mr. Willard was the author of four booksin the field of geology, and the recipient ofan honorary degree of Doctor of Sciencefrom Alfred University, Alfred, N. Y.Martin T. Brewer, MD Rush '96, onMarch 27, 1947, at the Veterans Hospital,Des Moines, Iowa.William T. Martin, MD Rush, '97, onDecember 24, 1946, at Albany, Missouri. Dr.Martin had retired from practice twoyears ago.Benjamin L. Remick, '98, Professor Emeritus of Kansas State College, on March 18,1947. He had been associated with the Department of Mathematics at Kansas StateCollege since 1900, and was Head of theDepartment 1900-1936.Edward W. Mueller MD Rush '02, onDecember 8, 1946, at Chicago.Henry Walsworth, '03, on November 27,1946, at the Van Nuys Veterans Hospital,Van Nuys, California.Fred F. Stocking, MD Rush, '06, on April10, 1947, at Stockton, California. Servicesand burial were in Fargo, North Dakota,his home.Donald S. Hinckley, '08, on February 12,1947, at Chicago.Jesse C. Walker, '08, former faculty member of the State Teachers College of Mur-freesboro, Tennessee, on November 19,1946.Nathaniel Landon Taylor, JD '09, onJanuary 11, 1947, at the Veterans Hospital,Waco, Texas. Mr. Taylor practiced as anattorney at Granger, Texas, from the timeSTENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine ihortband. Les*effort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,write or phone for data.Bryant^ StrattonC O U)E G £18 S. Michigan Ave. Tel. Randolph 1575 Phone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeaks RepairedFree EstimatesFRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St. of his graduation from Law School untilhis death.Mrs. Kendall M. Shankland (MildredMeents, '11) on November 26, 1946. Mrs.Shankland made her home in Flossmoor,Illinois, where she was active in localcivic and musical circles.Rufus Boynton Rogers, '11, on January13, 1947, at Chicago. Mr. Rogers was Vice-president of Bowes and Company, insurance brokers, and served as a lieutenant inthe Aviation Corps in World War I and asa major in the Air Forces in World War II.Hume C. Young, '11, on March 19, 1947,at Arlington Heights, Illinois.A. J. Bissinger, AM '16, on March 22,1947. Mr. Bissinger was a retired Methodist minister of the Creston District ofIowa, Des Moines Conference.John W. Sugden, MD Rush '22, on March1947, at Salt Lake City, Utah.Lucile F. Herron, '25, on December 12,1946.William A. Anderson, AM '28, on February 11, 1947, at Winnipeg, Canada.Frederic K. Fall, LLB '28, on April 7,1947, after an illness of several months.At the time of his death, Mr. Fall was apracticing attorney in Houston, Texas.Jessie R. Mann, '21, on December 31,1946, at De Kalb, Illinois.Emily Elizabeth Moore, '21, on April 18,1947, at her home in North East, Maryland.Martha Sproule, AM '28, on February27, 1947, at Alton, Illinois.Annette Lotz Putt, '36, on February 28,1947, at Chicago.David R. Howerton, MBA '46, suddenly,on March 28, 1947. Mr. Howerton was agraduate of the second class of the BusinessExecutive Course.Samuel H. Shultz, AM '46, on September20, 1946.CATALOGUE ENGRAVING CO.^falfiones ':<%m<?olor9laies "%s SoftnOood "Posters*(Ben <Dau,9lates^VoodeutsOtrtltiork B dub Da nan'lelep fronts WABA5H 2196*7-8 JZ4 W.POLK ST.BUSINESS MEN AND FREE ENTERPRIThe National Association of Manufacturers has notbeen famous for its liberal views on labor in the past. Yetit has recently taken action of real significance on theWagner Act. Newspaper gossip indicates that there wasa bitter battle behind scenes on the part of all-out repealers, but the Association itself had the judgment to recommend reasonably mild amendments of the Act, and theaction received country-wide notice and a public acclaimthat the N.A.M. has not been accustomed to. It maynot result in just the law the N.A.M. would like, but theaction will contribute to a better job than would haveresulted from a straight demand for repeal. Actually thereis some evidence that Congress at the moment is betterimpressed by the reasonableness of management thanthe stubborn intransigeance of labor leaders.Business has cried "Wolf, Wolf" too often. Some daythere'll be a real wolf, or maybe a bear. Too many attempts at progress have been fought with the cry that bb [Continued jrom Page 11)free enterprise is endangered; the non-business worldcan hardly be blamed for detecting in the clamor forfree enterprise a certain hollow sound. We know fullwell that we never have had complete freedom of enterprise and never will have it. That would be anarchy.Inevitably as our economy grows more complex therehave to be more rules of the game. But to listen to theprophets of free enterprise one might infer that one morerule will be ruin. Not that they want to turn the clockback very far and, for example, free the banks and therailroads from regulation, or — absit omen — have freetrade. When business sighs for the good old days itreally means day before yesterday.If we are to meet the challenge of tomorrow our belief in free enterprise must consist of something morethan chanting a formula. I make no apology for urgingthat free enterprise be rescued from the category of wornour shibboleths and restored to its proper function as amotive force for free men in a free society.INDEX FOR VOLUME 39 (1946-47)ARTICLESMonth — PageMonth — PageA Few Dollars to Spare Dec 13Administration Building. An OfficialInterpretation Jan 10After Forty Seven Years Dec 5Are We Heading for Another Economic Collapse9Neil H Jacoby Jan 6Athletics in the College, William C Montgomery. .May 14Boynton, Percy Holmes, Frank H O'Hara Dec 9Brighter Side, Damon Runyan Dec 21Business Men and Free Enterprise, Laird Bell June 7Calendar Each issueChicago College Plan May 21Chicago's Roll of Honor Dec 16Cissie, William C Montgomery ". . . .Jan 12Crowded Reception Room, Valerie Wickhem Oct 3Current College Controversy,, Continued,O Meredith Wilson - Nov. 15Denver-Salt Lake City-Los Angeles May 22Editor's Memo Pad Each issueEvery Dog Has His Day, William W Sweet Feb 10Fifty Years Ago, Rose A Gilpatrick Feb. 16Fraternity Situation, Richard Philbrick Oct 8Gilkey Story, Elbert C Cole June 1 2Good News of Damnation, Robert M Hutchins Mar 5Grand Jury on Free Speech April 12Grattan, Henry (1746-1820) , Myles Dillon March 9Great Books Nov. 1 3Honored by France March 20If Britain Fails April 17In Line for Promotion, Robert C Woellner Oct 12Judd, Charles Hubbard; Newton Edwards Oct 11Limited Addition Dec. 1 1Let Us Spray Nov. 14Letters Each issue"May I Help You9" Oct 7Merrills Move to California Nov 8More Alumni Education Dec 15Mr. Quad Jan 5New Member of Alumni Staff Nov 12New Student Activity, Betty Stearn May 20News of the Classes Each issueNews of the Quadrangles, Jeannette Lowrey Each issue,exc FebNews of the Quadrangles, Veva Schreiber Feb 12One Man's Opinion, William V Morgenstern Each issue,exc JuneOur Family Album May 1 3Path to Peace, Arthur H. Compton May 5Paul Bunyan Entertains E-o-leveners Dec 14Press Publishes 22 Magazines, Rollin D Hemens. . . .Feb 9Renazifying Germany, Max Rheinstein April 5Reunion Preview May 22Reunion Program June Cover IIScientists in Washington, John A Simpson Nov 3"Speed" in Goodspeed Mar 13Student Activities at Chicago,John L Bergstresser April 9Students and Activities, William C Montgomery. . . .Feb 20Mar 19April 18Sukiyaki June 4Three Buildings Speak, Fred Eastman May 1 2Twenty Years After, Mary Quayle Innis Oct 9 University and the Museum, Harvey B Lemon May 9University and UNESCO, William B Benton March 12University House System, John A Wilkinson ^June 14Visit to the Quad Cities Jan 18We Adopt a University, Veva Schreiber Nov 10Woolams, Jack Nov. 17Worm in the Rose, Melvin L Griffith Feb 5BOOK REVIEWSAlbert E Barnett: "The Letters of Paul" June 2Albert E Barnett- "The New Testament:Its Making and Meaning" June 2Walter Johnson: "Selected Letters of WilliamAllen White" April 14Paul Martin, George Quimby and Donald Collier:"Indians Before Columbus" April 15George Morgenstern. "Pearl Harbor" April 14Hans J Morgenthau: "Scientific Man vsPower Politics" May 19Jane Kesner Morris* "Women, Inc." Dec 14Bess Sondel- "Are You Telling Them9" Tune 2AUTHORSBell, Laird, Business Men and Free Enterprise June 7Benton, William B , University and UNESCO Mar 12Bergstresser, John L, Student Activities at Chicago . April 9Cole, Elbert C, The Gilkey Story June 12Compton, Arthur H , The Path to Peace May 5Dillon, Myles: Henry Grattan (1746-1820) March 9Eastman, Fred, Three Buildings Speak May 12Edwards, Newton, Charles Hubbard Judd Oct 11Gilpatrick, Rose A , Fifty Years Ago Feb 16Griffith, Melvin L , The Worm in the Rose Feb 5Hemens, Rollin D., Press Publishes 22 Magazines. . .Feb 9Hutchins, Robert M , The Good News of Damnation. Mar 5Innis, Mary Quayle, Twenty Years After Oct 9Jacoby, Neil H , Are We Heading for AnotherEconomic Collapse? Jan. 6Lemon, Harvey B , The University and the Museum. May 9Lowrey, Jeannette, News of the Quadrangles. . . .Each issue,exc. Feb.Montgomery, William C , Athletics in the College. .May 14, Cissie Jan. 12, Students and Activities Feb 20Mar 19April 18Morgenstern, William V , One Man's Opinion Each issue,exc JuneO'Hara, Frank H , Percy Holmes Boynton Dec 9Philbrick, Richard, Fraternity Situation Oct. 8Rheinstein, Max, Renazifying Germany April 5Runyon, Damon, The Brighter Side Dec 21Schreiber, Veva, News of the Quadrangles Feb 12, We Adopt A University Nov 10Simpson, John A , Scientists in Washington Nov 3Stearn, Betty, New Student Activity May 20Sweet, William W , Every Dog Has His Day Feb. 10Wickhem, Valerie, The Crowded Reception Room. . . .Oct. 3Wilkinson, John A, The University House Systevm. .June 14Wilson, O. Meredith, The Current CollegeControversy, Continued Nov 15Woellner, Robert C , In Line for Promotion Oct 12