THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEM A Y 19 4 7ALL THINGS HUMAN CHANGE . . .1928 19400a?*^[ tuei&faf 9\,1947College, of course. Will your daughter go? M1950Her future happiness may depend to a large extent upon yourlife insurance. Does it guarantee her education— whether or notyou're still around to see it through? Look over your presentpolicies again— make sure that they fill this all-important need.Time brings human changes to every household. When yesterday's problem is met, a new one usually appears. That's whythe most carefully planned insurance programs become outdated—and why vou should review your policies every few years. 1956The New England Mutual Career Underwriter will beglad to make this difficult job an easy one for you— withoutcharge or obligation.New England Mutual\ife Insurance Company 11 of BostonGear oe Willard Smith. President Agencies In Principal CI f let Coast to CoastThe First Mutual Life Insurance Company Chartered In America— 1833These Univ. il Chicato— ami hundreds il other college mm represent New England Mutual:Harry Benner, '11, ChicagoMrs. O. B. Anderson, '15. MinneapolisDavid E. Loebe, '16, ChicagoCharles P. Houseman, '28, Los AngelesWe km opportunities tor more Univ. of Chicago men. Why not writ* Dipt 0-3 in BostonTHE EDITOR'S MEMO PADNew membership rates June IAfter holding annual membershipdues at $2.00 for thirty-nine years,the Gabinet of the Alumni Association recently studied what is technically known as the balance sheet. Wesay "technically" because the sheetwould not balance.Alumni dues in other major universities and colleges publishing magazines, with two known exceptions,have long since been raised to fromthree to five dollars. The answer to theAssociation's unbalanced balancesheet — caused by all-time high printing, personnel, and materials costs —was obvious.Beginning June 1, 1947, membership dues, including the Magazine,will be adjusted as follows:Through StartingMay 31 June 1Annual dues $ 2.00 $ 3.00Special 3-year rate .... 5.00 noneSpecial 5-year rate .... none 10.00Life Membership ...... 50.00 60.00Payable, $10 per year.You will note from the above schedule that you can continue your membership at $2.00 a year by paying forfive years in advance. However, unless you are a life member or are paying on a life membership at the present rate, you may wish to extend yourpresent membership by paying an additional two or five dollars, both ofwhich will be less than the new rate.A coupon at the bottom of the pagewill make this convenient. Wilk, '10 (now of New York) wasBusiness Manager.This fellow Wilk, whom we hope tomeet someday, must have been awhirlwind at the advertising game.In a magazine with a format slightlylarger than Reader's Digest Wilk carried over 50 pages of advertising —more than matching the 44 pages oftext. To us the ads were as interestingas the text.Northwestern University DentalSchool, of all things, carried a halfpage announcement. The Blackfriars*were advertising their sixth production, "The Lyrical Liar." Hammondwas advertising a portable typewriterthat would write twenty- six languages. Fridette French Hat Shops to displayjust one hat.Elsie Janis in "The Fair Go-Ed"was at the Studebaker and Mrs. Fiskwas appearing at the Grand in "Salvation Nell." Holeproof Hosiery andEverwear competed in half-page ads,and it took a full quarter page for Although Gonklin wasn't buildingan under-water pen, the full page adclaimed leadership with the "self-filling Crescent-Filler" which made themessy ink dropper obsolete.Eggs were 23 c, butter 27 c, turkeys13c, chickens 10c, wheat 98c, corn58c, beef 7c, and hogs 9c.Membership in the Alumni Association was $2.00.In 1920After the first world war the Magazine's masthead was carrying AdolphG. Pierrot, '07 (still in Chicago), asEditor and Secretary. Those fiftypages of ads had apparently beengraduated with Wilk although Swiftand Company was comfortably estab-Nostalgic historyAll this fluster about dues took usback to our archives where we spenta fascinating Saturday afternoon.Volume 1, Number 1 of The University of Chicago Magazine isdated October, 1908. George O. Fair-weather, '07 (now of Barrington, Illinois) was the Alumni Secretarywhile he prepared for his J.D. ('09) .Harry Hansen, '09 (now literarycritic for the New York World Telegram) was Student Editor. Benjamin The Alumni Association5733 University AvenueChicago, 37, IllinoisYou'd better extend my membership another ? 3 years. Enclosed is $5.00.On second thought maybe I'd be wise to make it a life membership for $50instead of $60 after May 31. ? Enclosed is $10, the first of my five annualpayments. Better yet ? here's $50. That pays me up for life.I can only spare $2.00 at the moment. ? Extend my membership one year.Date. Name .AddressiMilton Sillslished on a half page which began inthe very early editions and has continued through today's editions. Milton Sills, '03, was at the top of theHollywood heap as the Magazinecarried his picture and the story of hissilent-film successes.Wheat was $1.44 and corn 67c abushel. Beef was 13c and hogs 14c apound. Turkeys had gone to 36c andchickens to 25c while butter and eggshad doubled in a decade.Membership in the Alumni Association was still $2.00.Up to dateAny alumnus reader can write hisown history of today from the current ads and articles in the Magazineand a brief trip to his butcher andgrocer. To keep this report consistentyou should close with the statement:And membership in the AlumniAssociation is still $2.00.Report on Mack EvansErnest Olson, '41, who was secretary and accompanist for the University choirs for nearly a decade in thethirties, stopped at Alumni House recently. Ernie also played the MitchellTower chimes during his student days.With him was his charming wife, whowas Martha Alexander in her Greenwood Hall days while she was workingon her Master's.Ernest, formerly with the State Department, now has a new position withthe Research Division of the Board ofGovernors of the Federal ReserveSystem. He is doing monetary research related to the Latin Americancountries. From Ernie we got a recent reporton Mack Evans, known by generationsof students as the popular director ofchoirs until he went with the FredWaring organization a few years ago.After a leave from the Pennsylvaniansto teach in the army school at Paris,Mack moved on to the west coastwhere he accepted a position on themusic faculty at Stanford.Film factDavis Edwards, of the Departmentof Speech, who has been collaboratingon scripts for Coronet InstructionalFilms, became an actor in one of thatcompany's recent releases: The Powers of Congress.LETTERSMannaYour Magazine : manna fromHeaven, a breath of spring, a nostalgialike nothing else in the world.PFC George S. Rieg, Jr., '45Camp Stoneman, CaliforniaCondensed opinionPerhaps Mr. Rheinstein's article [inthe April issue on "Renazifying Germany"] will stir up a small storm, andsome of us are angry with the tone ofhis article, or his temerity to askmercy for the Naz . . . excuse me,Germans ... we are not impressed. . . butchers of Dachau ... let themclean up the Ukraine . . . repairGreece . . . rebuild Warsaw . . .starve . . .W. H. J., '40Chicago (Initials by request)Condensed from three over-heated,single-spaced pages. — Editor.On beam — off steamI ought to address this to WilliamMontgomery, but didn't know if hewas a resident staff member. It's abouthis Students and Activities article onPage 19 of the March issue.Under Homecoming March 8,quote, "Homecoming, the first sincefootball was discontinued, . . ." May-? be this writer wasn't hep, but theUniversity of Chicago Magazinewas, whether he reads it or not, because last Fall's issue announced it-and hundreds of alumni and alumnaeknew about it because more than thatnumber were there. I mean the bigFootball (no less) Homecoming lastOctober when Mr. Stagg brought hisoutfit to meet Northwestern in DycheStadium; and put up a pretty goodshowing, too.What does Monty mean "the firstsince football was discontinued"?Anyway, if there are a few othersthat aren't hep, tell them to look outwhen '22 starts blowing steam thisJune. In case you're not on the beameither, that's the 25th Reunion. Beseein' you all.Edward I. Frankel, '22Des Moines, IowaNot too solid an argument. Lastfall's "homecoming" began at theMorrison Hotel and moved north toDyche Stadium. A sort of homecoming at the neighbors, wouldn't yousay, Ed? — Editor.Tell us moreIn April Magazine "One Man'sOpinion": "The Senior Merriam. . .almost achieved the incredible feat ofbeating Big Bill Thompson on a writein campaign for mayor in 1911."Please explain. Merriam ran in 1911against Carter Harrison as the regularRepublican candidate and Thompsonin 1915 against Swcitzer. I neverheard of the write in campaign towhich you refer and would be interested in your explanation of it.George B. McKibbin, JD '13ChicagoIt was not 1911 and it was not theMerriam for mayor campaign but inthe 1917 primaries Merriam was"counted out" (with all the implications the quotes indicate) as the FifthWard aldermanic candidate by sixvotes. The petitions circulated by iratefriends were thrown out on a technicality, all of which irritated the votersso much they supported a write incampaign that almost won Merriamthe election. — Editor.ALUMNI CLUBSColorado SpringsDr. Katherine Howe Chapman, '22,MD Rush '27, and Lucile R. Jones'30, arranged an informal dinner fora group of alumni in ColoradoSprings, March 12. The occasion forthe get-together was a visit by William E. Scott, Assistant Dean of Students at the University, who was inColorado Springs interviewing prospective students. Dean Scott broughtthe group up to date with events onthe quadrangles.TulsaTulsa, Oklahoma alumni andfriends met March 22 at the MayoHotel. Guest of honor and speakerfor the evening was Dr. Anton J.Carlson, Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Physiology, whospoke to the group on "The Anti-Vivisection Menace to Scientific Advance." Herbert Renberg, '41, wasin charge of arrangements.CincinnatiDr. Hoke S. Green, Head of theChemistry Department, The University of Cincinnati, spoke to alumni ofthat city on "Applications and Implications of Atomic Energy" at a meeting held April 1, at the University ofCincinnati Y.M.C.A. Dr. Greeneworked on the atomic energy projectat the Metallurgical Laboratory andthe Argonne National Laboratory,both at the University of Chicago.Alfred L. McCartney, '21, presidedas chairman. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume 39 May, 1947 Number 8PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORTEditor EMILY D. BROOKEAssociate EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETTE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN. THIS ISSUEThe, Editor's Memo Pad. . 1Letters 2Alumni Clubs 3The Path to Peace, Arthur H. Compton 5One Man's Opinion, William V. Morgenstern 8Tlie University and the Museum, Harvey B. Lemon 9Three Buildings Speak, Fred Eastman 12Our Family Album 13Athletics in the College, William C. Montgomery 14News of the Quadrangles, Jeannette Lowrey. . , 16Book Review 19A New Student Activity, Betty Stearn 20The Chicago College Plan . 21Reunion Preview . 22Denver — Salt Lake City — Los Angeles 22May Calendar 23News of the Classes ¦. 25THE COVER: The Museum of Science and Industry, formerly the Art Building of the Columbian Exposition of 1893.The cover and the interior pictures in Dr. Lemon's articleare through the courtesy of the Museum.Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price S2.G0. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.Since 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical EquipmentHospital and Office FurnitureSundries, Supplies, DressingsalsoOrthopedic AppliancesInvalid RequirementsEverything for SurgeryV. MUELLER & CO.All Phones: SEEley 2180408 South Honore StreetCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS MacCORMACSchool of CommerceEstablished 1904Accounting, BookkeepingShorthand, Stenotypy, TypingMorning, Afternoon and EveningClasses — Home Study InstructionBULLETIN FREE ON REQUESTAsk about G. I. TrainingVisit, phone or write11 70 E. 63d St. TelephoneWear Wood/awn Butterfield 6363 3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince 10201442 and 1331 E. 57th ; :•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTY»,., 0608Midway 0602 We call forand deliver3 HOUR SERVICEHaskell Hall, Harper Tower, and Wieboldt Library4THE PATH TO PEACE• By ARTHUR H. COMPTONArthur H. Compton, who left his laboratories in EckhartHall to become Chancellor of Washington University, returned to the Midway to give the Baccalaureate addressto the Spring Quarter graduates. Before indicating ThePath to Peace, Dr. Compton said:"I cannot refrain from expressing my pleasure at speaking again from this pulpit. Here 19 years ago, as chairmanof the University Committee on Social Service and Religion, I had the honor to accept this beautiful chapel asthe gift of Mr. John D. Rockefeller. It is perhaps witheven greater pleasure that I am here today at the specialinvitation of Dr. Charles W. Gilkey, and to recall that Ihad the privilege on behalf of the University's selectioncommittee, to invite him to come as the first dean of theUniversity Chapel where he has during these many yearsperformed such distinguished service.RECENTLY at Paris I shared in writing into theprogram of the United Nation's EducationalScientific, and Cultural Organization a definitionof peace. "Peace," so this statement reads, "is not themere absence of hostilities. It is rather a condition ofmutual confidence, harmony of purpose and coordinationof activities in which free men and women can live asatisfactory life." Our victory in the recent war has not brought us suchpeace. True peace has yet to be won.Further sacrificesAt the meeting of UNESCO last December, the assembled nations voted a total of 6 million dollars to educate the world for peace. Herbert Hoover has recentlyreported that Europe needs something over 500 millionto remove the immediate threat of starvation. At Washington the armed forces are asking, as far as I knowwisely, for over 10,000 million to meet our military requirements. Now comes the request for our governmentto aid Greece and Turkey and perhaps other nations withyet larger support in money and men as they attempt toplace their houses in order.We already have heavy burdens, thrown on us by thewar. We had hoped to cut our national budget and saveour strength for future demands. Must we now makefurther sacrifices?It is not my purpose here to recommend action on anyof these specific requests. Each one of them must beweighed as to the worthiness of its purpose, whether wecan hope thus to attain the desired purpose, and the effectof the enterprise on our ability to do the other tasks weneed and want to do. But I do want to bring before youreasons, compelling reasons, why we must take in earnestour large share of the responsibility for the recovery ofour war-torn world. You in this graduating class whohave fought valiantly to victory will not lightly see us driftcarelessly into the holocaust of another war, when by following the clearly marked path of service to the worldwe can win for ourselves and for our children safety andprosperity, and the respect of mankind.The decision will not waitNow is a time of crisis. Our nation faces today decisions no less fateful than those made in December of '41.They must be made, however, without the dramatic shockof an enemy attack. The decision is, nevertheless, likethat following Pearl Harbor, a choice between the easy,self-centered course that leads to weakness and eventualdisaster and the hard course of decisive unselfish actionnecessary for strength, prosperity and peace.The decision will not wait. Failure to act will meanthat we have chosen to deny responsibility for the partsof the world that look to us for help. If we fail them,they have no choice but to abandon freedom as we knowit if they are to survive.Determined action now to aid the world in regainingthe strength needed to live will meet with universal response. Such action will form the basis for a great humangrowth in which we will share. It will bring the cordialgood-will of the world that is our only lasting assuranceof national safety. Failure to do our part now when it is56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEneeded will not only result in a pauperized world inwhich our own prosperity will be impossible. It will callupon us also the intensified hate of all nations which caneventually spell nothing but disaster.The problem is not a new one. But perhaps neverbefore has it been presented to a nation so clearly. "Whoever wants to preserve his own life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for me will find it."For two thousand years this lesson of the great Teacherhas been hard for individuals to accept in spite of itsrepeated demonstration in the lives of men. Now a greatnation is faced with the same decision. Does our bestfuture lie in looking to our own immediate needs, or willour best future require sacrificial aid to our recent alliesand enemies?We must give aid and . . .When we take a fair look at the conditions facing us,there is only one answer. Our own welfare, very possiblyour very survival, demands our utmost effort in aidinga starving and disorganized world to supply its needs andget its house in order. An easy, self-centered choice willmean minimal living in our own country and a starvingworld around us. In the visible future, when a vengefulworld becomes rearmed and turns against those who failedit in their extremity, there will result an inevitable cataclysm. A bold choice aimed toward helping all nations toshare in the full life that modern technology makes possible can mean unparalleled world prosperity and humansatisif actions. It will have this result if the choice gainsthe whole hearted support of the people of the UnitedStates.Much has been said about the atomic age requiring areorientation of our lives. "Modern man is obsolete,"Norman Cousins has told us. We have tried to interpretthis reorientation in terms of control of atomic energy.Such control is indeed important, but the reorientationrequired by the atomic age is vastly more fundametal.It is no less than a change of heart. The choice now before us is in fact typical of what the atomic age demands.Nothing less than a choice based on the common goodof man is now safe. There may have been a time whenmen could afford to be selfish, when one might trust thatby close attention to his own interests, the good of allwould result. It is this man that is obsolete, the man wholooks after his own affairs, and trusts God, or the state,or the law of social evolution to make his actions contribute to the common welfare.Now we see that we cannot thrive unless those aroundus share our prosperity. Our individual growth dependson the possibilities of the community of which we are apart. Our nation's welfare likewise depends on thehealthy life and cooperative spirit of our neighboringnations. To such an extent has this become true that thefirst element in national safety is now no longer the abilityof our armed forces to repel an invasion. Our safetyagainst attack now demands rather making our services so valuable to our neighbors that they cannot afford tofight us.. . . make ourselves necessaryOur reorientation must be toward considering firstwhat we can do to make ourselves necessary to the welfare of our fellows. "The greatest among you shall bethe servant of all" is no longer merely a guide to the life-of happiness. In the atomic age, it expresses the condition for survival.I was asked recently to prepare a statement for theWar Department outlining, as I saw them, the condition?upon which the safety of our nation must depend. Thefirst notable fact is that, because of purely military considerations, no one can see how war with our nation candevelop within the next ten years. It is the more distantdates, perhaps twenty or thirty years hence, for which ourprecautions against war must be taken. We don't wantyour children to have to fight a war which if it comeswill be vastly more disastrous even than the one you havefought.If we consider such a possible future war, four factorsimmediately show themselves as basic to national security :first, the armed forces available for defense; second, international political adjustments; third, economic relationswith our neighbors; and fourth, world-wide education forpeace.Armies cannot prevent destructionWhat protection can armed defences give? Of majornational concern is the fact that, looking ahead twentyyears, neither we nor any other nation can expect to beable to protect its people from wide-spread destructionand extensive casualties if war should come. Militarypreparations may reduce this destruction, and by ensuring a destructive reply may greatly reduce the probabilityof attack. Perhaps advance preparation could bringeventual victory, but this would be only after we had ourselves been severely injured.Neither use nor elimination of atomic bombs can solveour problem. Before the atomic bomb we already haddestructive armadas of airplanes and supersonic rockets,and yet more terrible means of mass destruction arerumored. The development of destructive devices hasshown too many possibilities for us to suppose that warsmay be made free of serious danger to mankind merelybecause we may get under control the one latest andmost dramatic weapon.Nor can we have great faith in political adjustmentsas a basis for lasting peace. These adjustments are important, for they determine the framework within whichthe nations must work together. In fact we may hopethat the United Nations will in time develop into a worldgovernment that can keep our international house inorder. But not even the signing of the constitution by ourown United States was sufficient to prevent two generations later the outbreak of a great civil war. Still lessTHE UNIVERSITY OFhave treaties between different nations prevented armedconflict when their interests have clashed.Much more effective sources of peace are our economicand cultural ties. If our nation is now firmly united, thereason is primarily because we have come to depend uponeach other in all aspects of our lives. Together we cando many things which separately would be difficult orimpossible. Each part of our country makes its essentialcontribution to our total life.Our industry and our commerce are nation-wide. Ourpress and our radio do not stop at state boundaries. Ifa flood causes disaster in the Ohio Valley, help from allthe nation brings relief. If the economic life of Tennessee is handicapped by erosion and floods, a TVA development supported by the entire nation enables, its peopleagain to contribute their important share to the nation'seconomy.We can provide what they need . . .Similarly the surest basis for peace with other countriesis their need for what we may supply them in the ordinarycourse of our normal relations. Our nation now findsitself almost alone in having what is needed for a vigorous industrial development. Europe and the Far Eastare short of food and fuel and shelter. The economy ofmany nations is weakened or shattered. What we can doto help the recovery of a war-stricken world may belimited. But that limited amount represents a great opportunity. Here is a chance to make ourselves a livingpart of the life of other nations.Not long, as the life of nations goes, can we keep military superiority. Political agreements are unreliable safeguards. Economically we are, however, by far the world'sgreatest power. In helping to rebuild the world's economyand in stabilizing its government is thus our most important and surest path to national safety.Such a choice means heavy investments in foreignundertakings. These investments will be by governmentloans and by private enterprise. We shall need to sendmen and women abroad in large numbers to see that ourresponsibilities are looked after. These men and womenwill go to foreign lands to help in guiding the course ofaffairs and to do the daily tasks for which our help isneeded. It will be necessary to invite increasing numbersof persons to visit us, in order that they may learn ourideas and our way of working and thus to make possiblecoordinating our efforts in doing our common jobs. Wemust be prepared to do the policing necessary to ensurethe success of our efforts abroad and the safety of thosewho work.... or ours will be the losing sideWhy do we, need thus to engage so deeply in activitiesbeyond our shores? For the simple reason that the worldnow needs our help. And if we do not give this help,the world will suffer through until it finds a way#to live CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7without us. The result will be a world divided againstitself with ours eventually the minority and losing side.Entering fully now into the world's enterprise will on theother hand mean for us greater opportunity for growth.As we aid in strengthening the world's life and culture,we ourselves will have a double portion of that increasingstrength.We have said that peace is a condition of mutual confidence, harmony of purpose and coordination of activities in which free men and women can live a satisfactorylife. Is not full participation in the tasks of the worldour direct path to such peace?Our ruthlessness gave them pauseLast October I was talking with Niels Bohr, Denmark'sfirst citizen. Professor Bohr is the father of modernatomic theory and shared our work in building the bomb."What the world needs most just now," he said with allthe earnestness at his command, "is for the United Statesto take decisive moral leadership. For generations thenations have looked to the United States as the land ofhope, of freedom and of good will. That view is not gone,but it has been shaken. Your country," he said, "won thewar with a burst of strength at which we marveled, butwith a ruthlessness which made us pause. Your armadasof planes bombarded cities of questionable military importance. We viewed with horror the use of your atomicbombs. We saw reason for your actions, but we are wondering what you mean. What indeed is in the heart of theAmerican giant? Are his intentions good or ill? Or is he,as some would have us think, merely self-centered in histhoughts?"A decisive moral act by the United States now wouldanswer these questionings," came his intense whisper.,"New hope would stir. The people of the world wouldtake courage once more with your leadership to startbuilding again the life they want."I wish I could pass on to you the eager, almost pathetichope of that appeal. He made it to me as if he thoughtI could do something about it. I felt so helpless.And yet, had I not seen the birth of the bomb thatstopped short the war in Japan? First there was the handful of scientists who convinced themselves that the weaponcould be made, then the technical leaders of the nation,then the President and the military chiefs, and the headsof industries, and with them a million Americans willinglyand with determination joined the crusade. And the taskwas done — a miracle of faith — a task that would ordinarily have been considered a foolhardy venture.So here likewise we have the challenge to do a greattask which must not fail. This task is no less than tomake our nation see the course it must follow. We mustturn our nation's giant strength toward aiding menthroughout the world to build for themselves worthy lives.(Concluded on Page 24)ONE MAN'S OPINIONKeeping a balanceTHE alumnus of twenty years ago would see littleoutward change in the University, except for thenew academic architectural form of pre-fabricatedhouses and remodelled barracks.. What the alumnuswould not see are the great problems confronting theUniversity, administratively and educationally.There is no question that the University is doing aremarkably fine educational job in these days of universaldemand for higher education. Enrolment on the quadrangles is up about 50 per cent over the pre-war decade,and will go still higher this autumn, but the quality ofthe education has not been lessened in any significantway. Even despite the numbers with which the Universityhas had to cope, it has continued its efforts to improvewhat it is doing, as the gradual changes in the College,Divisions, and most of the professional schools bear evidence.This insistence on the Chicago standards has beenmaintained so far although there are enormous problemsof financing. Since the depression the national policyof inflation and low interest rates has steadily decreasedthe importance of what once was relatively a huge endowment. The best simple proof of what has happened toendowment is that last year it provided but 29.5 per centof the University's costs, while student fees met 30.6 ofthe budget. Even so, it has been necessary again to increase student fees slightly.But there also are other kinds of pressures. The increasing importance of the sciences, symbolized by the atomicbomb, and the still secret terrors of biological warfare,have made scientific research of paramount national concern. As one of the great centers of such research, theUniversity can not ignore this area. It must, because ithas a notable concentration of scientists, expand its efforts.Most of the buildings now scheduled for constructionare in the sciences. One of them is the new radiationbuilding, which, because of the nature of nuclear energy,will require costly new features. A reasonably modestbetatron is being built at a cost of some $600,000, and alarge cyclotron, with a price tag of over a million dollars,is a necessary item of equipment. The Clinics will haveseveral new buildings in the near future, when the relations between the needs of the whole biological plant aredetermined. The days when Albert A. Michelson couldwin a Nobel prize in physics with a device built in theRyerson shop are gone; the tools of science are now tremendously expensive.The University, however, does not have to pay all thesecosts out of its present assets. Industry has given largesums, and the government is interested to an even greater • By WILLIAM V. MORGERSTERN, '20. JD "22degree. Some of the new hospitals are already providedfor, in such gifts as the new Goldblatt Memorial Hospitalfor cancer, and the Charles Gilman Smith Hospital forinfectious diseases. Behind the Goldblatt hospital is aneffective organization that shortly will be ready to raisemoney for the support of the University's extensive program of cancer research.The point of this is that money for science comes relatively easily, although automatically. But when thecountry's future may depend on new developments innuclear energy, even the government is willing to bearpart of the cost. The conquest of disease is a problem thataffects every human directly, and the progress that hasbeen made and that seems in sight is strong inducementfor new gifts.Money for the social sciences, for the humanities, forliberal education, does not come so easily; in fact, thecompetition from science tends to diminish the amount.There is now a proposal before Congress for nationalsupport of scientific research on a large scale, and oneof the great fights, carried over from last year, is whetherthe social sciences also shall be given some of the funds.No Congressman has yet had the wild idea that anythingfrom the national revenues should go for the humanities.The College urgently needs more residence halls, andthe need for a building of its own is just as pressing. TheUniversity has needed a new library for years, for Harperis inadequate despite every shift that has been made toincrease its capacity. A library is as necessary to the liberal learning as is an ion accelerator to a nuclear physicist.The prospects for residence halls and libraries look dim.When money is given for the sciences, it does not meanthat funds currently used for those areas can be shiftedto another, because the sciences are expanding. The newprojects are in addition to what already is being carriedon and is essential to the new fields. With the importanceof endowment decreasing, the difficulty of maintainingthe other disciplines from existing funds is obvious.As between the social sciences and the humanities, theformer group is putting up the more aggressive fight.There are still more possibilities of raising money fromfoundations and other sources for the social sciences because, relatively, they have some practical and apparentapplications. Their utility is more easily recognized.Long before the war, Mr. Hutchins was insisting thatthe world of wonderful technology still had to determineits values, and that liberal education, the humanities, andthe social, sciences must flourish if the values were to bedetermined. The encouragement and development ofthose parts of the University constitute a central problemnow.8THE UNIVERSITY AND THE MUSEUM• By HARVEY B. LEMON, '06, S.M. 'II, PH.D. '12Few alumni realize how closely affiliated are The Universityof Chicago and the Museum of Science and Industry,housed in the old Art Building of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition at the foot of 57th Street. Many willrecognize old faculty friends as Dr. Lemon gives full creditfor this development. Plans are underway for a specialalumni tour through the museum during Reunion Week-end.This is "required reading" for the trip. The Editor.A MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND INDUSTRYthat contains six acres of exhibits, that draws anattendance annually of 4,050,000 (4.05XlOe toa physicist) visitor hours expended by 1,350,000 (1.35X106 ditto) persons is a powerful recognized source of masseducation. As such, it enlists the interest of, and therefore should be able to command the cooperation of, theUniversity of Chicago.This cooperation was requested rather early during theadministration of Lenox R. Lohr, President of the Museum's Board of Trustees. In 1944, Vice-President Filbeyand Arthur Compton asked me if I would be willing toundertake an assignment as a liaison between the twoinstitutions. Since informally I had been in touch withthe Museum ever since its organization and had alsobeen Executive Secretary of the K. T. Compton-Richt-myer Committee for planning exhibits for the Hall ofScience at the Century of Progress Exposition, it seemeda most interesting assignment and one which one shouldbe delighted to undertake. Furthermore, since many otthe present staff of the Museum were among the mostsuccessful executives of the Century of Progress and sincemany of the older exhibits in the Museum had theirorigins at this Chicago fair, the assignment seemed particularly appropriate, and was authorized by ChancellorHutchins.The general policy of the Museum is one that aims toseep its exhibits representative of the current scene inAmerican science and industry and to enlist the interestand stimulate the thought of its visitors by an exhibitionplan that is beautiful, that draws the attention toward:ommon aspects of modern life and then emphasizes ouralmost complete dependence on science and industry. Historical material, of course, is often involved to point upthe swift pace of modern technical advancement and toprovide here and there a touch of nostalgia for the oldervisitors and a vivid impression of significant backgroundsfor younger ones.Purely industrial exhibits are planned in general for amaximum duration of not over five years. In these exhibits an industrial topic in principle at least aims toshow the basic scientific facts, laws and relationships involved, the early inventions that utilized these laws, theindustrial development that brought the inventions intoPublic use, the mass production that often followed and finally, the consequences in our economic and social order.Few if any single exhibits achieve this ideal, but in theoverall picture presented in the Museum halls it appears,and in planning future exhibits it is always stressed.Another important policy in this Museum is the lackof restriction with respect to children's use of the exhibits,contrary to practices in many other similar institutions.Individual participation by visitors of any age in theoperation of exhibits is regarded as very important ingaining and holding attention and is a definite objectivein planning of new exhibits. Most specific of all suchplanning is to make certain that every exhibit or sectionof an extended topic tells some simple but definite storymore or less complete in itself.In an established museum the visiting public offers no"sales resistance" to facts presented or to the stories thatare told. Hence it is of the utmost importance that allinformation by word of mouth or label be authentic, intelligible and unambiguous, even in implication. No oneperson, of course, any longer can provide such insurance.A great faculty like that of the University of Chicago,however, can do so. Hence on the door of our office hangsthe legend, in University Gothic, "University of Chicago,Consultants."To mention only a few of the more active membersof the University who are in this category, the names ofAllee, Bartky, Beals (now at New York Public Library) ,Bloom, Buchsbaum, Fay-Cooper Cole, Filbey, Diederick,Emerson, Fisher, Gillet, Harrell, R. W. Johnson, Kraus,Morgenstern, Regener (now at the University of NewMexico), Schlesinger, Thurstone, and Voth, are conspicuous.Many generations of science^A students will remember Har-f^^^ vey B. Lemon from 1912,when he got his first teaching assignment from Dr.Michelson to the presentday when he divides his timeas Professor of Physics on theMidway and Curator ofPhysics at the Museum. In1916 Dr. Lemon discoveredactivation of cocoanut charcoal, which saved so manylives in World War I, inwhich war he served as captain. In the late war he wasappointed Chief Physicist at the Aberdeen Ballistic Research Laboratory where he was in charge of the rocketbranch for which he was cited by the Army. He also received an Alumni Citation in 1943. From 1923-43 Dr. Lemon was in charge of undergraduate instruction in physicson the quadrangles. He is the author of numerous popularcollege texts in physics, and has served as adviser andlecturer in our Alumni Schools.Harvey B. LemonMoffet Studio910 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEU. of C. Junior DemonstratorNot only is authenticity of all material, scientific andindustrial, important. American industry supplies muchof the exhibit material and, in supporting the out-of-pocket cost of its own exhibits, provides a very importantback bone of the Museum's financial skeleton (on whichthere is not too much flesh). Consequently, in the planning of industrial exhibits the technical services of theUniversity men in consultation with the industrial sponsors may be important. In the planning of certain exhibits in basic science, financed by the Museum itself, theservices of these men are most important.Early in the period of active University participationan exhibit entitled the "Story of Magnetism" was produced jointly by the two institutions. In this exhibit we had a dual purpose. Not only does the exhibit present thebasic facts and the modern interpretations of the phenomena of magnetism insofar as is possible for the generalpublic, but it is also an area in which studies may andhave been made on visitor attitudes, behavior, interestor lack of it and on their unconscious modes of circulation. It remains an ideal area for certain types of educational and psychological studies to be carried on.The Museum of Science and Industry is uniqueamong institutions of this kind in its recognition of theimportance of continuing studies of exhibition techniquesof presentation and such measurements as may be possible of reactions thereto. Greater interest on the part ofproponents of mass education is greatly needed at thepresent time.The Museum is in a position to aid in the implementation of such studies, as the experimental guinea-pigs, —American men, women and children of all ages and backgrounds, — are in it daily, exhibiting the typical currentbehavior of the American people seeking entertainmentcombined with learning. To accompany this exhibit abooklet of some 60 pages, "What We Know and WhatWe Don't Know about Magnetism," was prepared tosupply the more thoughtful and inquiring minds, thatbecome interested to learn more, with a simple but thorough presentation of facts, principles, and general outline of present theory.Feeling that the Museum seriously lacked exhibits inthe field of basic biology, Dr. Emerson was asked toorganized a committee of biologists for the purpose ofsurveying the field for possibilities and making recommendations. These studies and recommendations of this groupYesterday's Main Street. Striped awning at left: Thompson's restaurant: right: The Hub. Chas. A. Stevens is acrossthe street; nickelodian at far end, admission, 5c.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11arc frequently consulted whenever possibilities for theirimplementation seem to arise.First on a list of exhibits regarded by this committeeas desirable in the field of biology was one in which living organisms might be enlarged microscopically and projected before an audience. In the Micro-world Theatrethis exhibit now is in operation and attracting increasingnumbers of visitors. Plans for additional supporting orrelated exhibits are being studied to draw circulationtowards and arouse interest in the "Micro-world's" presentations.Dr. R. W. Johnson of the Department of Chemistryhas an extended area for exhibits on basic chemistryalready planned and under construction in which, quiteaside from the presentation of chemistry, an entirely noveltype of exhibition technique and case construction hasbeen developed, in part out of lessons learned from theMagnetism Exhibit aforementioned.Dr. Ralph Buchsbaum of the Department of Zoologyand the College, as well as Dr.. Johnson, spend regularlyone day a week at the Museum as regular members ofits staff. Dr. Buchsbaum's planning and supervision ofthe Micro-world Theatre, as well as his careful supervision of the technical training of the demonstration staffof this exhibit has been absolutely essential. He is concerned also with many other plans for the* extension ofexhibits in the field of biology.In an industrially sponsored exhibit — Motorola's "TheStory of Radio" — there is an interesting example of thecombined efforts of two members of the University (Reg-ener and Lemon) with company engineers to produce atruly educational exhibit in a highly technical field. Thatit is one of the most exacting trials for visitors desirous of learning what makes a radio tick is well recognizedand alterations are planned to correct this condition insome part. The sponsors of this exhibit have been quiteas much crusaders for sound adult education as any professional group — and possibly more realistic.Perhaps most important of any single enterprise involving the cooperation of members of the University is thework of Harry O. Gillet with the children, the schooltours, and the general supervision of oral demonstrationsby the operational staff of the Museum.In the course of the past school year, 58,556 elementary and high school pupils in 1,198 groups entered theMuseum by appointment, scheduled in advance by theirteachers, superintendents or principals. The month ofMay, 1946, alone saw an attendance of 253 separategroups that included 11,103 students.During the past three years, Mr. Gillet has been takingthree days a week, including Saturday and Sunday, outof his busy life to be at the Museum actively concernedwith such programs. As part of this work he maintainsimportant public relations with school teachers, executive and professional groups. He listens to the oral demonstrations by staff in all areas of the Museum. Manyof the Museum's junior demonstrators, perhaps a half,are graduate or undergraduate students at the University. Their training as expositors as well as the testing oftheir competence and understanding in the areas assignedto them is most important. In these activities, Mr. Gilletis closely associated with me, of course, on one hand andwith Miss Martha McGrew, Assistant to the Presidentof the Museum, in charge of publicity and floor operations, on the other.(Concluded on Page 15)Sante Fe Miniature Rail Road. Operator (bottom-left) haspush button control of freights and passengers; crossingshave automatic controls. World globe in background.THREE BUILDINGS SPEAK• By FRED EASTMANOriental InstituteI am the Oriental Institute. I am the most important buildingon the quadrangles because I know more than any of the othersabout the history of mankind. Within my walls I house the relicsof past civilizations from the primitive centuries of the Stone Ageto the complex society of the Iron Age.Out of my study of these past civilizations this fact impressesme above others: as long as man in any age used his brain andhis strength and his tools to subdue Nature he made progress-improved agriculture, built great cities, invented machines, created new industries, found ways to cure diseases, developed thearts. But when he followed a lust for power and turned frommastering Nature to conquering his fellow men, he only broughtdestruction upon himself.As I look out over the world today and see nations engagingin a new struggle for power I cannot escape a deep concern.Will our present civilization perish as the older ones did? WillI be one of the buildings some future generation will be diggingup?Eckhart HallI am Eckhart Hall, the home of the atomic bomb! Thatsurely makes me the most important building on the quadrangles.Within my walls has developed the project on which the government has spent more money than the University has beenable to spend on the work of all the other buildings combined.The Atomic Age began in me. But I, too, have a concern that troubles me deeply. The brightyoung men who discovered the way to release the enormousenergy of the atom now call themselves a League of FrightenedMen. They want to use atomic energy for man's benefit— to furnish power for great factories and ships. They want to see theradioactive properties released by atomic fission used for thestudy and treatment of diseases such as cancer, and for researchin agriculture, biology and the rest of the sciences. But theysee the nations again quarreling and preparing for a final warto end war— and mankind— with atomic bombs.From mastery of Nature, inventing, curing diseases, man againturns to follow the lust for power. World War III threatens andself destruction. Is the Oriental Institute correct? Will there beanyone to dig me up centuries later?Chicago Theological SeminaryI am the Chicago Theological Seminary standing betweenOriental Institute and Eckhart Hall. I have the answer to theirquestions. It is in a new way of life for mankind— a way taughtand lived by the boldest, most revolutionary young man theworld has ever known.His basic teachings: all men are brothers in one world; theybelong not to the state but to God; they have immortal soulsand so have worth, dignity, and the right to life and liberty.His demands: a complete commitment to the way of brotherhood and mutual aid; "be not overcome of evil but overcomeevil with good"; "do unto others as you would that they shoulddo unto you"; "he who would be first among you, let him bethe servant of all."His method: the transformation of the minds and hearts of men.His results: wherever his way of life has been followed, humanlife has become richer and more compassionate. Hospitals havesprung up, and schools, homes for the orphaned and aged, andmovements for liberty and democracy.His answer and mine to the challenge of the Atomic Age:apply this transforming way of life to international relations;create a world community, a world law, a world government;start chain reactions of spiritual energy which, with God's help,may yet save mankind and transform human society.Fred Eastman, Professor of Biography and Drama at The'Chicag'Theological Seminary since 1926, has written nearly a score of pi'T'and pageants in addition to more than a dozen books. It w"inevitable that he should find drama in the stones on the quadrangle'1"Three Buildings Speak" is condensed from an address given at <MSeminary.12OUR FAMILY ALBUMIN SPITE of chuckles at sideburns and bustles therecomes a time when we all appreciate and value theold family album. Although there may be those atthe University so allergic to "tradition" and its synonymsthan they need no other reason for change than the argument that it was done that way yesterday, the Universityhas finally taken official cognizance of the need for afamily album. In 1944 an archives department was established.This decision came none too soon. Through the yearsthe University has been so impressed with its youth fewgave any concern to the fact that 1892 ff. eventually willbe ancient history. Then, if not now, historians, University officials, trustees and even alumni may be much interested in what happened during the reigns of Harper,Judson, Burton, Mason, and Hutchins. Even now it isnearly too late for first hand information about thoseearly years from faculty, trustees, and alumni.The University has had only two historians, neither ofwhom lived long enough to record the last two decades.As historians they could be expected to record only thebroader phases of the University's growth and enlarginginfluences.Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed wrote an excellent history of the University's first quarter century; two biographies of men who helped found the new University; alife of its first President; and a short biography of President Burton. His son, Edgar, wrote the story of the University's chapel.J. Spencer Dickerson, for years preceding his death,served as historian and recorded much important information in The University Record, which died with Mr.Dickerson.A few other books have given historical phases of theMidway picture. Marion Talbot's More Than Lore andAmos Alonzo Stagg's Touchdown highlighted limitedareas while other fascinating and important data cluttered up musty files from the Cobb Hall attic to Pekin,China. But no one with authority seemed ever to getaround to establishing a depository for the million andone items which give an intimate personality to a university's history.They almost did in 1914. Anson Phelps Stokes, writingfrom the Secretary's office at Yale, asked for a letter written by President Harper to add to a collection of autograph letters. It took Secretary Robertson some time tofind it and in his reply to Stokes, Mr. Robertson remarked upon the need for preserving all data bearingon the history of the University.Mr. Stokes replied: "I think you are quite right . . .You have at Chicago an opportunity which has almostnever before been presented to a great university, to keepin systematic form all data bearing on its history. Justthink what we would give today for the letter files of the early Rectors and Presidents of Yale in the first halfof the 18th century. We would count them pricelesspossessions."But no archives materialized.They almost did in 1923 when President Burton sent amemo to Mr. Hanson, of the Libraries: "I think weought not to delay longer the establishment of a University archives for important records of the University . . ." The memo echoed down the Harper corridorsfor another score of years.Then, on October 1, 1944, this story of the Little RedHen found a happy ending. Ralph Beals was Director ofLibraries, John F. Moulds, Secretary of the Board ofTrustees and conscientious preserver of records and historical documents, was retiring. Together they agreedon action. An archives office was set up in the west towerof Harper.Miss Winifred VerNooy, popular Reference Librarianwith tireless extracurricular enthusiasm for collecting andpreserving everything from early theatre programs toaccounts of the Rockefeller-Harper bicycle race down theMidway, was put in spare-time charge.Last fall Miss Mabel Dean was secured as full time-archivist. With enthusiasm and industry Miss Dean isbuilding a fascinating collection of biographical dataabout the earlier University days. She has ambitions tomake it more than an archive center by adding an historical museum.Miss Dean says: "It will take more than the combinedefforts of University officials and library staff to achieveanything like the desired result. We know, because interesting items turn up in unlikely places."There must be in the hands of alumni and of relatives and friends of many connected with the Universityin earlier days a great amount of scattered material, anyone bit of which may be just what is needed to fill in ag»P-"The reader who has, or knows anyone who has, letters, scrap books, memory books of pictures, copies of oldstudent publications or anything throwing light on thehistory of the University may be sure it will be warmlywelcomed and respectfully treated."Send anything from a diploma issued by the Old University to pictures of the Class of 1937's famous Fandango to the Alumni Office and they will be delivered toMiss Dean until the West Tower of Harper threatens itssecond cave-in.13ATHLETICS IN THE COLLEGE• By WILLIAM C. MONTGOMERY, '47OUT of the controversy over the University's athleticprogram has emerged little fact and much fiction.The fiction has been repeated again and again,but the facts have become obscured. This month's column is devoted to reviewing the program and announcingits results.One of the singularly striking but little-known factsabout the athletic program on the quadrangles wasbrought to the surface a few weeks ago by T. Nelson Metcalf, Chairman and Director of Athletics. Said Metcalf,"The University of Chicago participates in more varsitysports than any other school in the Big Ten."To prove his statement, Metcalf brought out the records showing Chicago's participation in fifteen Varsityand twelve Junior Varsity sports, with one hundred andtwenty-one contests held so far. More important in therecord books is the tabulation of the University's cleansweep of intercollegiate opponents in fencing and topflight record in wrestling, swimming and rifle.Another important fact, revealed by Metcalf s assistant, J. Kyle Anderson, is that the present program is extensive enough to allow "any student to receive instruction and to participate in almost any sport he wants." Asan example, he quoted a recent report which announcesthat forty-two per cent of the men in the first two yearsof the College are participating in Junior Varsity competition in ten sports. Opportunities for instruction rangealphabetically from archery to wrestling.The program for men in the first two years of theCollege is something of a departure from the normalcatch-as-catch-can sports program. It takes the form ofsports survey courses designed to provide basic knowledge and skill in a variety of activities. Legislation nowin effect assures that all students in the first two years ofthe College will have the instruction for a good generaleducation in American sports.Two years of physical education are required of thesestudents, and the service program for them includes instruction in such team sports as basketball, soccer, soft-ball, football and volleyball; such partner sports as badminton, boxing, fencing, golf, tennis and wrestling; andin individual activities like gymnastics and tumbling,rifle, swimming and life-saving, and track and field. Examinations of skill and written tests on the meaning andessential nature of these sports are given.A voluntary program is also in operation, designed forstudents beyond the first two years of the College. Aninterview with an athletic adviser is required of all entering students, and those under the voluntary system aregiven wide choice in the amount and kinds of participation they desire. In addition to the voluntary and required programs, awhole range of intramural and extramural sports isoffered. The intramural sports are divided into leagues,the College House League, the Fraternity League, theIndependent League open to graduate students, and theAll-University meets and tournaments. The leagues compete in about a dozen different sports throughout the year.Varsity and Junior Varsity athletics flourish, with competition in over ten sports. The Major and Old English"C's" are awarded to Varsity athletes for participation incross country running, basketball, wrestling, swimming,gymnastics, fencing, track, tennis, golf, and baseball; andJunior Varsity men receive the Major or Minor "U"for similar efforts. In general, membership on the Varsityteams is open to men students who are amateurs in athletics and who are satisfactorily carrying a full scholasticload. Recruits for the Varsity teams can be found in thelarge numbers of students active in the intramural program which furnishes the broad base of the whole competitive system.With a huge student demand for these recreative activities, Metcalf has had to face a serious shortage of facilities. In an interview he states that the Athletic Department has recently lost 47 of its 64 tennis courts, many ofthem to the temporary housing units on campus; thatfour of the six play fields are no longer available; andthat the indoor play space has been reduced by 40 percent. Most of the West Stand of Stagg Field has beenturned over to the atomic scientists. "We haven't enoughspace to take care of the demand," he said.Space is one of his major problems, but Metcalf hasno worries about his coaching staff. It can be classifiedas one of the finest. Alumni will recall such names asNels Norgren, phenomenal 12-letter man of the Classof 1914 and present basketball coach; Ned Merriam, 1908Olympics man; Chet Murphy, '39, repeat tennis champ.Included in the staff is Alvar Hermansbn, fencing trainerfor the American Olympics team in 1936. Kyle Anderson, '28, football and baseball star; Erwin Beyer, '39,champion gymnast; and Joe Stampf, '41, basketball coachand former Big Ten high-pointer are among the well-known coaches.The success the staff has had with its program in spiteof lack of facilities and overcrowding shows up in themany victories of its teams. The wrestling team won 5and lost 1 of its meets, the fencing team made a cleansweep of its ten opponents, the swimming team won 7and lost 3, and all of these in intercollegiate Varsity competition. The Junior Varsity basketball team won 14 andlost 3 to win the Private School League championship,and the JV track, gymnastics and swimming teams allcame out on the winning end of heavy schedules.14THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15The basic idea behind this extensive activity can befound in the unequivocal statement which introduces theprogram in the University of Chicago Sports Bulletin for1946-47: "Participation in sports is a desirable experiencefor college students."A summary of the policy which implements that statement may be found in the Athletic Department's ownview of its function ". . . to provide opportunities forthe members of the University to participate in beneficialforms of physical exercise, and to provide instruction andsupervision to assure that the participation in physicalactivities brings the maximum contribution to health, fitness and general education."The extent of the programs designed to fill this function, the overwhelming demand for more of them, andtheir obvious competitive success testify to the soundnessand importance of the Athletic Department's contributionto student life.THE SCORE SHEETCROSS COUNTRYC 35 Minnesota 20C 36 Wheaton 21C 12 Milwaukee Y 24C 31 Iowa 26C 15 Illinois Tech 48North Central 26C 18 Purdue "B" 39Won 3, Lost 3Adams (C) 10th in N.C.A.A.FENCING TRACK83 LoyolaMorton Jr.25M> IowaNorthwestern44V2 Bradley54 West. Michigan83 LawrenceBeloit44 Wheaton32 No. IllinoisTeachersWon 3, Lost 4C 19C 17C 19C 26C 17C 13 WRESTLINGIllinois Tech111. Normal111. NormalBradleyNorthwesternWheatonWon 5, Lost 1 351/211/26O1/24959V250451/261/26070111113917 BASKETBALLC 50 Illinois TechC 45 KnoxC 34 De PauwC 40 CoeC 40 BradleyC 36 CoeC 45 BradleyC 59 Illinois TechC 52 GrinnellC 28 WashingtonC 30 BeloitC 33 So. 111. NormalC 23 WashingtonC 43 GrinnellC 49 So. 111. NormalC 55 KnoxC 69 BeloitWon 5, Lost 13JUNIOR VARSITY153544 SWIMMINGTilden Tech 42Mt. Carmel 22Thorton Fractional 23Minnesota (Club) 8" " 8C 1C 19 NorthwesternC 16 Lyons Twp. Jr.* 9C 17 Illinois Tech 10C IS1/* Northwestern lli/2C 18 Illinois > 9C 171/2 Wayne 91/2C 20 Wayne 7C I91/2 Michigan State 71/2C 16 Wisconsin 11*"B"Won 10, Lost 0 C 18 Tilden Tech 36SWIMMING C 48 LutherC 35 Mt. Carmel 1622C 50 Grinnel 12 Won 4S Lost 2C 21 Oberlin 54 SOCCERC 65 Chicago Teachers 13C 47 Beloit 37 C 3 Lake ForestC 2 Tilden Tech 13C 65 Lawrence 15 C 1 Kelley 2C 21 Northwestern 62 C 0 Morton 2C 34 Wisconsin 50 C 2 Crane Tech 2C 59 Illinois Tech 25 C 1 Oak Park• C 0 Morton 26C 40 Loyola 35 C 0 Oak Park 0C 47 DePauw 37 Won 1, Lost 5, Tied 2Won 7, Lost 3 TRACKC 48 Mt. Carmel 38GYMNASTICS C 62 SullivanC 20 Schurz 2466C 70 Sokol Havlicek- C 421/2 Hyde Park 43V2Tyrs 56 C 501/2 Lake View 351/2C 56T/2 MinnesotaC 61 1/2 Illinois 691/2641/2 C 42 AustinC 471/2 Harrison Tech. C 54 Leo 44381/230Won 1, Lost 2 Won 5, Lost 3 C 305C 352C 3733020363125312946314231294846373022 GYMNASTICSSennCrane TechGage Park F.H.Won 2, Lost 1BASKETBALLBo wenChi. VocationalHyde ParkHarperHarvardConcordiaLutherNorth ParkToddCgo. LatinCgo. ChristianFrancis ParkerWheatonNorth ParkHarvardCgo. LatinConcordiaWon 14, Lost 3 556542546064324056757129576644413642883333123252415301630212129132030242324THE MUSEUM(ContinuedAt this point I feel impelled to express my own deepappreciation of the very fine degree of competent, criticaland constructive cooperation which the Museum's officialstaff accord to their professorial colleagues in this enterprise. Without this cordial and intelligent support, ofcourse, we of the University could accomplish nothing.Recently the development of new exhibits in the fieldsof Biology and Physics have been more than sufficient towarrant scheduled trips by the students of the Collegeat the University of Chicago who are in the introductorygeneral courses in physical and biological sciences. Onthese trips the instructors of these groups take over thefunction of the Museum's demonstrators. Consequentlythey are able to integrate the exhibits with the coursework which they are conducting. Due to the presentextraordinary conditions in which the University finds from Page 11)itself grievously lacking in space for laboratory work atthese levels in the sciences, the Museum should be ableto offer invaluable service to the University's collegestudents.New exhibits are already under construction in thefields of technological development of the automobile,m chemistry, in industrial testing laboratories, on growthand development of the normal human being (Universityof Illinois Medical School), a house of magic, exhibits onplastics, on pottery, etc.The continued cooperation of the two great educationalplants, one on the Midway and the other near its easternend, remains an ever increasing necessity in the openingera of a nuclear age, not only for the great city on theLake but for the influence it has throughout the countryand in a world both confused and apprehensive.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESEducation adds fourth RA fourth R — recording — has been added to reading,'riting, and 'rithmetic at the University of Chicago.The first classroom-laboratory equipped for synchronized sound and photographic recording and for observation by concealed persons, has been set up at the University for research on methods of instruction.The laboratory-classroom, making possible a comprehensive study of the nature of teacher-pupil relations andlearning in a classroom situation, was designed for usein the research program of the Laboratory School and theDepartment of Education."The major purpose of the program, in its presentphase, is to describe the relationship of classroom climate,problem solving, and the child's learning," Herbert A.Thelan, Assistant Professor of Education and designer ofthe room, stated.The laboratory classroom, built at an approximate costof $10,000 in Blaine Hall, includes 10 rooms on threefloors. The classroom, itself, is sound proof and brightlylighted for photography.A balcony room, screened to permit observers to lookon during the classroom period without the knowledgeof the student, houses the film and sound equipment.All activity in the classroom is filmed through the useof time-lapse photography. Pictures are taken automatically at a predetermined interval of from two seconds toone minute.Data on who talks to whom, for how long, and aboutwhat, is recorded on sound equipment. This equipmentincludes a sound recorder, a calibrated recording noiselevel meter, and a device for measuring classroom participation.Lapel, desk, stand and wall microphones are availablefor use in collecting the different kinds of data requiredin the research studies. Notes taken by observers in theclassroom and the balcony are used to interpret datagathered by mechanical devices.The first research studies in the classroom-laboratoryinvolve the investigation of the ways in which studentsparticipate in classroom activities under various conditions. A faculty committee of the Laboratory School,working with the research staff, has also produced a picture and sound presentation for use in training studentteachers.Other uses of the classroom-laboratory for future research include the production of records useful to ateacher in appraisal and self-improvement, the buildingof a permanent library of outstanding teaching techniques presented by pictures and synchronized sound,evaluating personality traits and abilities, recording criticism of performance of student teachers, and studyingcurriculum construction. • By JEANNETTE LOWREYThe studies, at present, are being conducted by a faculty committee in the Laboratory School, researchers fromthe Department of Education, and the Counseling Center.Construction of the classroom-laboratory and the furnishing of equipment was the joint enterprise of the Laboratory School, the Department of Education, the CounselingCenter, the Audio-visual Laboratory, and the Buildingsand Grounds Department of the University.A musical setting on Psalm 103The splendor of Rockefeller Memorial Chapel wasmatched last month on two evenings when a musical setting on Psalm 103 by Frederick L. Marriott, organist andcarilloneur, was presented.On the premier evening, the elements raged outsideand brought Chicago one of its heaviest spring snows.Despite this, the Chapel was filled with music lovers whocame to hear the one and one-half hour work for soloists,choir and orchestra.Two metropolitan opera stars, Mme. Jarmila Novotna,soprano, and M. Raoul Jobin, tenor, were the featuredsoloists. Fifty-six players from the Chicago SymphonyOrchestra, the University choir, and five soloists also participated in the new work, which was directed by GerhardSchroth, Director of Chapel Music.A favorite Psalm of the Rev. Dr. Charles W. Gilkey,Dean of the Chapel, the setting of the 103rd Psalm wasdedicated to him and Mrs. Gilkey.Jobin's magnificent tenor voice, answered by an anti-phonal brass choir in the gallery, brought glory to themusic Marriott had composed for the lines of the Psalm:The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens; Andhis kingdom ruleth over all. It was as if the music had beenwritten for Jobin, and it was. Two years ago when Mr.Marriott started out to compose an organ selection, hesaw that the Psalm was too powerful for this treatment.He began the greater piece of work and, as he composedtenor arias, he had his friend Jobin specifically in mind,The two first met in Paris, when Marriott was studyingorgan, and since that time they have remained closefriends.Marriott then asked Jobin to select a soprano withwhom he should like to sing the leading roles, and Mme.Novotna, the Czech-born artist, was his choice.The acclaim which followed the program has beenequalled only once in musical presentations at the Chapel.The French organist Dupre, under whom Marriottstudied, received a like ovation last summer.Although still awed by the artistry and the beauty ofthe religious work, the crowd clapped long and hard forthe composer to appear. Their tribute of complete enjoyment was his reward for a work well-done.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17Patrons of the work were Dr. and Mrs. C. Phillip Miller, Dr. and Mrs. William H. Barnes, Van Cleef Brothers,Inc., and Central Commercial Company. Back of thescenes was Emery T. Filbey, Vice President Emeritus incharge of war contracts, whose encouragement and leadership made the program possible for Chicagoans.Fay-Cooper Cole and "friends"Fay-Cooper Cole retiresFay-Cooper Cole, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anthropology and one of the most prominentrepresentatives of the "new school" of anthropologists,retired with emeritus status at the end of the WinterQuarter. Robert Redfield, former Dean of the Divisionof Social Sciences, who resigned last summer to devotemore time to research, has succeeded Cole as chairman.Associated with the University for the past 24 years,twenty years as chairman, Cole has made the Departmentof Anthropology one of the leading centers of the countryfor graduate study and research.Cole, whose province constitutes the inhabitants ofthree widely separated sections of the globe, the Semangand Sakai of the Malay peninsula, the Tinguian headhunters of the Philippines, and the Indians of the Mississippi Valley, is well-known for his contributions to thestudy of ethnology.His own anthropological studies have taken him tothe Island of Mindanao in the Philippines, where he livedfor four years among natives known to practice head hunt-ting and human sacrifice, and the East Indian islandsof Java, Borneo and Sumatra. His research on Malaysianculture is regarded as the best study in the field and wonfor him the gold medal by the Geographic Society ofChicago. His work on the pre-white culture of the Mississippi Valley is an outstanding contribution to Americananthropology.One of the Midway's most colorful professors, Cole hashad to turn students away from his beginning course inanthropology for the past nineteen years. He attributesthe popularity of the course to the newspaper notoriety he received in 1926 when he testified in the Dayton trialon the early stages of man to the modern man.That fall when he returned to the quadrangles, theclass, always modest in size, was bursting the seams of theauditorium. Students listened from the hall and fromwindow ledges. The Dayton trial has faded in fame, butCole's course followed the same pattern year after yearand through the fall quarter of 1946, when he presentedit for the last time.Born in Plainwell, Michigan, in 1881, Cole studied atSouthern California, Northwestern, Berlin and Columbiauniversities and at the University of Chicago. He receivedhis doctor of philosophy degree from Columbia University in 1914, an honorary doctor of science degree fromNorthwestern in 1928, and a doctor of law degree fromBeloit College in 1945.During the war, he participated in the Civil AffairsTraining School program for training occupation officersfor Asia. At the Century of Progress, he was chief of thesocial science division and chairman of the anthropologyprogram.He is a past president of the Anthropological Association and the Chicago Geographic Society, and at present,he is chairman of the Illinois State Museum Board, director of the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe, president of the Society of Midland Authors, and a member ofthe council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.Cole, who is the author of more than a dozen booksand 50 papers on anthropological subjects, will remainat the University to continue his writing.Rising costs affect feesTuition fees in the College and the graduate divisionof the University will be increased by 7.1 per cent, orfrom the present level of $420 to $450 an academic year,with the opening of the summer quarter.The revised fees were, according to Central Administration, necessitated because of the increased cost of operating the University. The professional schools with theexception of the Law School and the School of Medicinewill increase tuition 7.1 per cent. Tuition in the LawSchool will remain unchanged, and in the School ofMedicine will be upped 2.5 per cent or $15 a year.Increases were also approved for University Collegeand the Home Study Department.A free pressIn a new world struggling to be born, it is the duty ofthe press to create a world community by giving meneverywhere knowledge of the world and one another, bypromoting comprehension and appreciation of the goalsof a free society that shall embrace all men. 'This is a premise of the Commission of the Freedomof the Press, which made its general report, midst muchacclaim and disclaim of the press, in a University of Chicago Press publication, A Free and Responsible Press.(See Magazine for April).18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe report, presented by Chancellor Robert M. Hutchins (final draft written by Hutchins) and 12 other distinguished American thinkers, is the result of a four-yearinquiry of the question, "Is the freedom of the press indanger?"The commission's answer to their question was that thepress was definitely in danger, largely because of itsfailure to meet the needs of society.Freedom of the press is in danger for three reasons : theimportance of the press has increased, while the proportion of the people who can express their opinions throughit has greatly decreased; the few who can use it havenot provided a service adequate to the needs of societyand the directors of the press have engaged from timeto time in practices which society condemns."The press must be accountable. It must be accountable to society for meeting the public need and for maintaining the rights of citizens and the almost forgottenrights of speakers who have no press. It must know thatits faults and errors have ceased to be public vagaries andhave become public dangers. The voice of the press, sofar as by a drift toward monopoly it tends to becomeexclusive in its wisdom and observation, deprives othervoices of a hearing and the public of their contribution.Freedom of the press for the coming period can onlycontinue as an accountable freedom."Sometimes a scathing indictment of the press, the reportadministers some well-deserved rebukes. Where the shoepinched, it hurt. What the newspapers believe is saucefor the goose — criticism of public affairs — should be saucefor the gander — criticism of the faults of the press. Andthe report represents an excellent introduction to thecriticism of the press for the welfare of the press."The communications industry in the United States isand should remain a private business," the commissionreports. It is a business affected with a public interest.The commission does not believe that it should be regulated by government like other businesses affected witha public interest. The commission hopes that the pressitself will recognize its public responsibility and obviategovernmental action to enforce it.The thirteen recommendations for the press includedfive for government, five for the press itself, and three forthe public.Those urged for government were : that the constitutional guarantees of freedom be recognized for radio andmotion pictures; that where concentration in mass communications is necessary, the government should endeavorto see to it that the public gets the benefit; that legislation be enacted by which injured parties may obtain aretraction or a restatement of the facts by the offenderor an opportunity to reply; that there be repeal of legislation prohibiting expressions in favor of revolutionarychanges in our institutions where there is no clear and present danger that violence will result from the expressions; and that the facts in respect to government policiesand the purposes underlying these policies by distributedthrough the media of mass communication to the extentthat if private agencies are unable or unwilling to distribute, the government itself may employ media of itsown.The steps for the press were to accept the responsibilities of mass communications; to finance new experimentalactivities in the field; to engage in vigorous mutual criticism; to use every means to increase competence, independence and effectiveness of its staff; and for the radioindustry to take control of its program and treat advertising as it is treated by the best newspapers.For the public, the commission recommended that nonprofit institutions help supply press service required by theAmerican people, the creation of academic-professionalcenters of advanced studies in the field of communication,and the establishment of a new and independent agencyto appraise and report upon the performance of the press.Etc.Leon Carnovsky, Professor of Library Science and Associate Dean of Students for the Graduate Library School,is one of the 15 American humanities scholars now inGermany to evaluate German publications during a 60-day study. From Germany, Carnovsky will go to Oslo,Norway, as a delegate of the American Library Association to the conference of the International Federation ofLibraries Association. . .Enrico Fermi, Charles H. Swift Distinguished ServiceProfessor of Physics, was awarded the 1947 FranklinMedal, highest honor of the Franklin Institute. In previous years, the medal has been presented to Thomas A.Edison, Guglielmo Marconi, Neils Bohr, Orville Wright,Albert Einstein, and Harlow Shapley. . .Leonard D. White, chairman of the Department ofPolitical Science, was elected president of the AmericanSociety for Public Administration. . .Dr. Emmet B. Bay, Professor of Medicine, was chosenvice president of the Board of Governors of the ChicagoHeart Association, Inc. . . .Seven University of Chicago doctors were among the12 Chicago physicians receiving research grants for cancer study by the Illinois division of the American CancerSociety. The University physicians receiving the grantsand the amounts are: Dr. E. S. Guzman Barron, $10,000;Dr. L. O. Jacobson, Dr. Austin Brues, Dr. C. L. Spurrand Dr. Matthew Block, $9,120; Dr. Allan T. Kenyon,$6,300; and Dr. P. E. Steiner, $3,000. . .The Irish Fellowship Club of Chicago has presentedthe Celtic library of the late Arthur C. L. Brown, formerNorthwestern University professor, to the University. Thegift was made through the kindness of Mrs. Brown, andTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19contains more than 500 volumes. The books will supplement the Celtic collection which Tom Peete Cross, Professor Emeritus of English, built up while serving on theMidway. . .Another effort to make a critical test of Einstein's theoryof relativity will be made by George A. Van Biesbroeck,Professor Emeritus of Practical Astronomy, at YerkesObservatory, during an eclipse of the sun May 20, on anexpedition to be undertaken under the auspices of theNational Geographic Society and the Army Air Forces. . . A step forward in cosmic ray research will be made thissummer when the University will join the scientific expedition to Mount McKinley, Alaska. The cosmic rayapparatus for the expedition has been built at the University under the direction of Marcel Schein, Professorof Physics, and Thomas H. Carr, advanced student inphysics. H. T. Victoreen, '43, will set up the equipmentat the expedition's camp at an elevation of about 18,000feet. . .BOOK REVIEWScientific Man vs. Power Politics by Hans J. Morgenthau. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1946.$3.00Hans Morgenthau has written a very important andprovocative book that many people will not like becauseit challenges the basic assumptions and principles of ourtime. Some will call it reactionary and others will regardit as being akin to the rise of neo-orthodoxy in theologyand the development of irrationalism in ethics and political theory. Others will view it as an expression of helplessness and despair in a world gone mad. Still others mayregard it as a foreign importation and thus irrelevant tothe American scene. Actually it is as American in its content as the writings of Reinhold Niebuhr, to whom Morgenthau is probably indebted. Its emphasis is primarilycritical rather than constructive, but the book ought tobe read and its main points discussed by those interestedin achieving a better social order.Morgenthau's thesis is that the rationalistic, scientific,and liberal thought of our age misunderstands the natureof man, reason, and the social world. As a result of thismisunderstanding it erroneously assumes that science isable to solve all problems, particularly political problems.This assumption is not questioned in spite of repeatedevidence which negates it. Consequently our politicalthought and programs are inadequate and lead to justthose results we are trying so desperately and futilely toavoid. In a short review I can mention only a few waysin which this thesis is elaborated.This general mode of thought assumes that man is fundamentally a rational animal who can and wants to knowthe truth and is capable of acting rationally in accordancewith that knowledge. It regards evil as being the resultof ignorance and moral inertia, both of which can be corrected by education and exhortation. Emotions and interests are servants of a detached reason which is monarch of all it surveys.There exists a fundamental identity between the lawsof nature and the human mind whereby man is able topredict and control the course of events. The socialsciences are modelled after the physical sciences with theresult that political problems are treated as exercises insocial engineering. Politics and ethics are reducible to Hans J. Morgenthau wasborn and educated in Germany. He served on thefaculties of the Universitiesof Frankfort and Geneva before joining the BrooklynCollege staff in 1937. In1939 he went to the University of Kansas City and fromthere to the Department ofPolitical Science at Chicagoin 1943. He is the author ofnumerous books and manymagazine Liberalism's success in domestic problems is generalized so that its foreign policy is based upon a faithin the rule of law. Wars and power politics are atavisticin character and should wither away because of the persuasiveness of economic and social interests.Morgenthau denies all this and contends that man "isborn to seek power, yet his actual condition makes hima slave to the power of others. Man is born a slave, buteverywhere he wants to be a master." Power politics cannot be done away with because the lust for power is common to all men and is inseparable from social life itself.There is not and cannot be a dual standard of ethics forpolitical action and so-called private action because allhuman action is unjust, at least potentially so. Man isfundamentally not a rational being but a sinner. Socialproblems are not amenable to the same kind of rationalsolution that obtains in the physical sciences, and politicsis not reducible to science. Our choice is not between arational perfectionism and the evil of power politics.Rather our choice is the tragic one of choosing the lesserof two evils.This is not a vote of "no confidence" in man. Man canachieve a better society if he honestly faces himself as heperennially is. Only then can he utilize the full resourceswhich are available to him.Bernard M. Loomer, Ph.D. '42Assistant Professor of EthicsDean, Divinity SchoolA NEW STUDENT ACTIVITY% By BETTY STEARNS, '45MANDEL HALL, home of dignified lectures andaristocratic theatre, withstood an exciting siegerecently when Leonard Bernstein, composer,conductor, and pianist, lectured to a hall-packed studentaudience on "The Role of the Composer in the Dance."More than 500 frustrated students were turned away.Mr. Bernstein, diverging from his discussion of thecomplex role of the composer in ballet, explained whatAmerican music means with piano illustrations from his,Copland's and Marc Blitzstein's compositions. Those whocame to hear and applaud, went away equally impressedby the group responsible for Bernstein's appearance: theStudent Committee of the Renaissance Society.Six months ago the Renaissance Society's Student Committee had little more than a grand sounding name andborrowed prestige. Today, thanks to the ingenuity of afew students, the Committee has a unique place amongcampus groups. Although the Committee has sponsoredunusual song recitals and an art exhibit, its renown, evenfar from the Midway, is due primarily to the lecture-demonstrations on the dance sponsored by the group.In addition to Bernstein, Ruth Page, Sybil Shearer, andRay Bolger have appeared on their programs. This serieswas designed to offer lectures covering various styles ofthe dance and to explain the contributions made by eachto the final production of the dance program. The guestartists have entered into the spirit of these purposes withenthusiasm.Ruth Page, famous Chicago dancer and choreographer,gave the first lecture: "The Role of the Choreographer"which was followed by her presentation of her new ballet, "Billy Sunday" in rehearsal dress. The final curtaincalls were prolonged.Leonard Bernstein appeared a month later followed inFebruary by modern dancer, Sybil Shearer. She spokeon "The Philosophy of the Creative Dance" which wasfollowed by a demonstration by a group of students underher direction.Next in the series was Ray Bolger, star of numerousBroadway hits, who traced the rise of dance in musical comedy. He indicated how current shows use the danceas an integral part of the plot, not just an added fillipto entertain between scenery shifts. Bolger demonstratedwith his famous soft shoe dance and satires on the would-be rumba and jitterbug addict — the latter on the way out,according to Bolger. It is not commensurate with thegreat responsibilities of the younger generation."The Grammar of the Classic Ballet" was the title ofthe fifth lecture-demonstration by Ann Barzel, '25, whois dance critic for the Chicago Times and associate editorof several dance magazines. She used twelve Chicagodancers in her "ballet class."Two more programs are scheduled for the Spring Quarter: "A Decade of the Dance in Film" with AnthonyTudor as guest speaker, and the last of the series, aproduction of several ballets by Chicago choreographers.Brain child of Roger Englander (from Cleveland) andanother member of the Student Committee, the serieswas first conceived in modest terms but quickly grew togiant proportions. Plans called for the Reynolds ClubTheatre with the hope it would soon outgrow that setting.It outgrew Mandel Hall with the very first program!Thanks to the encouragement and financial assistanceof the Dean of Students office, and the enthusiastic generosity of the artists, there has been no charge for theprograms.The Student Committee, which quickly multipliedfrom ten to three hundred, is governed by a twelve-member board with Englander as chairman. Inspired by theirsuccess, they already are making plans for a bigger andbetter 1947-48 season.Betty Stearns, '45 who, with Roger Englander, first hitupon the idea of the dance series described in her article,is studying for her Master's in English. She is The Maroondrama editor, a member of Nu Pi Sigma (senior women'shonor society), and a board member of the Student Committee. Betty hasn't decided whether she will continue indramatic criticism or go into advertising after her nextConvocation.BANG, BANGThe picture in a recent Chicago Tribune of Herbert F. Geisler, '27, JD '29, andhis seeing-eye dog, with friends congratulating Herbert on winning the aldermaniarace in the 34th Ward, reminded a classmate of his freshman days.Herbert and he were taking Freshman psychology. The professor had announceda one-hundred-question yes-no quiz for Friday. Herbert had permission to bring hisportable typewriter for the test, which was okay with all class members.The professor began reading the questions: "One, Is the etc.; two, Wouldyou agree that "He paused after each question to permit the class to* write"yes" or "no." The class followed a delayed action procedure. If the portable went"bang, bang" everyone answered "no", if but you're djoubtless ahead of us.The professor was innocent; Herbert was innocent; the class was ingeniouslyand unanimously bright.20THE CHICAGO COLLEGE PLANFrom the 1 946-47 Official AnnouncementsThe College of the University of Chicago differs infour important ways from the conventional liberal artscollege. Its program begins two years earlier than thatof other colleges, permitting students to enter after twoyears of high school instead of four. It places students-including high-school graduates — in the program on thebasis of examinations which determine the nature andextent of their previous training. Its course of studyconsists of an integrated system of courses covering theprincipal fields of knowledge rather than an assortmentof courses chosen by the student himself. It measuresthe achievements of students and determines their eligi- .bility for the Bachelor's degree by comprehensive examinations rather than by adding up credits earned in separate courses.It is the purpose of the College to give students anopportunity to secure a general education, that is, thekind of education which is desirable for everyone, whatever occupation or profession he expects to enter. Thecourses of study offered in the College are planned, therefore, to provide information concerning major achievements in the various fields of knowledge; to lead to anunderstanding of the methods of acquiring knowledge, orreaching and testing conclusions; and, above all, to develop habits of thinking which will make the student competent to form sound judgments concerning the problemshe will face as a man and a citizen, and which will leadhim to act intelligently with respect not only to his private interests but to those of society as a whole.The student must be prepared to live in a worldlargely built by science. It follows that he ought tohave some grasp of the present state of scientific thoughtand some knowledge of the methods by which it hasbeen reached. He must take his place in a complexsocial, political, and economic order. He should, therefore, become familiar with the present state of learningin these fields. He will also be the inheritor of theachievements of Western civilization in art, music, literature, and philosophy, and it is important that heshould be prepared to enjoy and to profit from them.The welfare of a democratic community depends in nosmall measure upon the general possession of a commonbody of knowledge. Without it, the fruitful discussionof common problems becomes almost as difficult as itwould be in the absence of a common language. Thepresent tendency of the educational system to developamazingly able specialists without providing them witha general foundation of liberal education is, therefore, aserious threat to democracy. The people of the nationcannot settle wisely the great general problems theyface without a basis for discussion in a common knowledge of the values which men have cherished and of theways by which they have tried to secure and maintainthem.The Chicago faculty has developed a system of general courses which cut across many special fields and consistof a careful selection of fundamental materials in mathematics and the natural sciences, the humanities, and thesocial sciences. A program in writing and languageparallels these general courses. As the student acquiresinformation and learns to think for himself, he shoulddevelop an ability to communicate this knowledge. Thecourse in writing is designed to teach students to presentinformation clearly, to explain a position or to set forthan argument in a precise and orderly way, to urge aproposal or to present a plan of action persuasively. Inthe last year of his College work, the student takes acourse concerned with principles and methods, and designed to integrate the studies he has pursued. A reasonable mastery of the material of these courses isrequired of all students.The content of liberal education has been but one ofthe concerns of the College. A good college course mustdo more than provide a survey of the present state ofknowledge. The body of that knowledge is not onlyvast but constantly changing. It is more important thata college student should learn how knowledge is acquiredand tested in any field than that he should memorize abody of currently accepted information. It is more important, for example, that a college student should learnwhat kind of problems the physicist investigates, how heformulates them, and by what methods he seeks to solvethem, than that he should memorize a set of generallyaccepted facts or theories of physics. Knowledge worththe name must be more than a memory of facts and offavored interpretations of facts. It involves an understanding of the ways in which facts are acquired and theprocesses of reasoning by which they have been interpreted. All real knowledge includes a grasp of reasons.College education must, therefore, consist fundamentallyof the examination of arguments and the practice ofreasoning.Students in the general course* meet with instructorsin small discussion sections to analyze the materials givenin lectures or presented in reading assignments. It isassumed that students have not understood a fact or atheory until they have examined the reasons for holdingit and are able to justify accepting or rejecting it. Students come to college with elementary training in reading, writing, and reckoning, and with a small stock ofgeneral information. The special function of a collegeis to teach people who have learned to read how to reflecton what they read, how to discover and estimate thepremises of arguments offered to them, and how toidentify and test the conclusions of these arguments. Tothe extent to which it develops these abilities a collegeenables its students to solve their personal problemswisely, to achieve their ambitions in an occupation orprofession, and to contribute to the life of the nation.21Join the crowd at the University Sing, Saturday night, June 7Denver — Salt Lake City — Los AngelesPresident Ernest C. Colwell leaves Chicago late in Mayfor dinner meetings with alumni in Denver, Salt LakeCity and Los Angeles.In Denver, Samuel Chutkow, '18, JD '20, 750 EquitableBuilding, is working with a committee which is arrangingfor a dinner on Friday evening, May 23. Plans are notyet completed but invitations will soon be mailed to allalumni in the Denver area.In Salt Lake City, David A. Skeen, LLB '10, 1501Walker Building, and his committee are planning a dinner for Monday evening, May 26, at the Union Buildingof the University of Utah. Dinner will be $2.00.At Los Angeles, Delvy T. Walton, JD '24, 530 WestSixth Street, and a committee of alumni, have arrangedfor a reception and an informal dinner in the MusicRoom of the Biltmore Hotel for Wednesday evening,May 28. Dinner, $4.00, including tax and tip.This is the finest opportunity in years for Chicagoalumni and friends in these three important areas tospend a social evening together and meet and hear thePresident of The University of Chicago. We are enthusiastic about these programs, as we know you will be afteryou have met and heard the President. Wives and friendsof alumni are, of course, included in the invitations.We have given you the names and addresses of thosein charge so that if, through any error, you should notreceive an invitation by the middle of the month youcan get in touch with the chairman and make yourreservations. If you know of prospective Chicago students they might enjoy attending as your guests.22Reunion previewAs the June Reunion begins to shape up it looks likethis:Thursday, June 5: Alumni- Varsity baseball game;Order of the C dinner; and in the evening Congress-woman Helen Douglas will speak at Mandel Hall underthe sponsorship of the Gertrude Dudley LectureshipFund.Friday, June 6: A number of class reunion dinners arebeing planned. In the evening there will be an all-alumni meeting in Mandel Hall with a nationally prominent alumnus speaker — to be announced.Saturday, June 7: In the morning a special alumni tourthrough the Museum of Science and Industry with lectures and demonstrations; the annual Alumnae Breakfast; the annual Alumni Assembly in Mandel Hall at 4P.M.; dinner meeting of the College Senate at 6 P.M.;and the Thirty-seventh annual University Sing at Hutchinson Court in the evening.Class Reunions will be held as follows: 1897 — time andplace to be announced; 1907 — Saturday luncheon, placeto be announced; 1917 — time and place to be announced;1922 — dinner on Saturday, time and place to be announced; 1927 — dinner at the Del Prado Hotel Fridayevening; 1937 — cocktail party at the Sherry Hotel from3:30 on, Saturday.Hotel reservations should be made as far in advance aspossible. Write or wire directly to:Hotel Sherry, 1725 East Fifty-third Street.Shoreland Hotel, 5454 South Shore Drive.Windermere Hotel, 1642 East Fifty-sixth Street.Mayflower Hotel, 6125 Kenwood Avenue.MAY CALENDARThursday, May 1THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Ungallant Gesture," by James C.Sheers and Patricia Colbert. 8:30 P. M. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. $1.00, tax included.Friday, May 2THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Ungallant Gesture," by James C.Sheers and Patricia Colbert. 8:30 P. M. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. $1.00, tax included.Saturday, May 3THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Ungallant Gesture," by James C.Sheers and Patricia Colbert. 8:30 P. M. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. $1.00, tax included.Sunday, May 4UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICEChapel, 11:00 A. M. Rev. Ernest F.Church, Evanston, Illinois. - Rockefeller Memoriallittle, First MethodistMonday, May 5LECTURE-"The United States Views the World, 1920-39," Walter Johnson (history). 7.30 P. M. University College, 19 SouthLaSalle Street. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, May 6LECTURE— "The Anatomy of the Atomic-Energy Authority."Charles E. Merriam (political science). 4:30 P. M. Social ScienceBuilding, 1126 East 59th Street. Free.Wednesday, May 7LECTURE— "The Gamut of Affirmation." Robert Calhoun (theology, Yale University) Alexander White Lecture. 4:30 P. M.Oriental Institute, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.LECTURE-"The Mythological Cycle." Myles Dillon (Celtic,comparative philology). 7:30 P. M. s Social Science Building,1126 East 59th Street. 82c, tax included.LECTURE— "Selecting the Building Materials." Harry J. Harman, architect. Tomorrow's Home Series. 8:00 P. M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE— "China's Majesty of Nature: Heaven Turns God"Sunder Joshi (adult education, Indiana University). 6:30 P.M.University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c, tax included.Sunday, May 11UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE - Rockefeller MemorialChapel. 11:00 A.M. Rabbi Maurice N. Eisendrath, President,Union of American Hebrew Congregations, Cincinnati.Monday, May 12LECTURE-"The United States and World War II, 1939'41"Walter Johnson (history). 7:30 P.M. University College, 19South La Salle Street. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, May 13LECTURE— "National Sovereignty and World Order", CharlesE. Merriam (political science). 4:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126 East 59th Street. Free.Wednesday, May 14LECTURE— "The Cycles of the Kings" Myles Dillon, (Celtic, comparative philology). 7:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126East 59th Street. 82c, tax included.LECTURE— "Choosing the Heating, Plumbing, and MechanicalFacilities" William Keck, attorney. Tomorrow's Home Series.8:00 P.M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 75c, taxincluded.LECTURE-CONCERT-"The Beginning and the End of Romanticism." Leonard B. Meyer. Chicago Symphony Quartet playing musical illustrations. Schubert, Quartet Movement, CMinor; and Pfitzner, Quartet, C Sharp Minor. 8:15 P.M. KimballHall, 306 South Wabash Avenue. $1.50, tax included.23 FOR YOU, we'vebuilt a high traditionRARE indeed is such a tradition of supremacyas has been built for Swift's Premium Ham.Over the years, the effort to give you matchlessquality has brought unquestioned leadership.And this leadership is constantly increasing.Checks of public opinion show that — in spite oshortages — more people than ever before consider Swift's Premium Ham "thebest".7iemitimctta/nBROWN-SUGAR-CURED! "'^^^^24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELECTURE-'Japan's Sun-Goddess: Divinity Plays Politics," Sunder Joshi (adult education, Indiana University). 6:30 P.M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 75c, tax included.Thursday, May 15THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Noah's Lark" musical by JerrySandweiss, book and lyrics, and Phil Richman, music. 8:30 P.M.Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. $1.00, taxincluded.Friday, May 16THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Noah's Lark" musical by JerrySandweiss, book and lyrics, and Phil Richman, music. 8:30 P.M.Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. $1.00, taxincluded.Saturday, May 17THEATRE PRODUCTION-'Noah's Lark" musical by JerrySandweiss, book and lyrics, and Phil Richman, music. 8:30 P.M.Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. $1.00, taxincluded.Sunday, May 18UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE - Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A.M. The Honorable Paul Martin, Secretary ofState for Canada.Monday, May 19LECTURE — "The Dominance of the Superpowers, 1941-45"Walter Johnson (history). 7:30 P.M. University College, 19South La Salle Street. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, May 20LECTURE-" A World Bill of Rights" Charles E. Merriam, (political science). 4:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126 East59th Street. Free.Wednesday, May 21LECTURE— "Bardic Poetry" Myles Dillon (Celtic, comparativephilology). 7:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126 East 59thStreet. 82c, tax included.It is a task we can do. It is our surest way to safety,our only way to the economic stability of our nation andthe world, the best way to the full growth of our ownpeople.Our share in the burdensThis then is our job from here on. Immediately somedecision must be made by Washington's high councils.We pray it may be wise. We hope our nation may becommitted to unselfish and constructive action. We wanta chance to take our full share of the world's burdens,heavy though they be.But the task to which our nation is called is a continuing one. We must take our part in building and carryingon the industry and the commerce that will bind thenations together, in guiding the growth of governments,in helping to solve the knotty disputes that are inevitablein a rapidly changing world. We must add our share tothe world's store of knowledge. Many of these jobs willbe thankless and unsung All of them, if done well and LECTURE-'Tlanning Adequate Lighting and Wiring" Carl W.Zersen, director Chicago Lighting Institute. Tomorrow's HomeSeries. 8:00 P.M. University College, 19 South LaSalle Street.75c, tax included.LECTURE— "Israel's Yahweh: Champion of War and Peace" Sunder Joshi (adult education, Indiana University). 6:30 P.M.University College, 19 South LaSalle Street. 75c, tax included.Friday, May 23DANCE RECITAL-Concert Program of three new ballets, nowin progress by young Chicago choreographers. Sponsored by theStudent Committee of the Renaissance Society. 8:30 P.M. Man-del Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue. Free.Sunday, May 25UNIVERSITY RELIGIOUS SERVICE - Rockefeller MemorialChapel, 11:00 A.M. Mrs. Charles W. Gilkey.Monday, May 26LECTURE-"The Big Three and the United Nations" WalterJohnson (history). 7:30 P.M. University College, 19 SouthLaSalle Street. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, May 27LECTURE— "On the Agenda of Physics and Politics" Charles E.Merriam (political science). 4:30 P.M. Social Science Building,1126 East 59th Street. Free.Wednesday, May 28LECTURE— "God of Christianity: Messiah to Godhood" SunderJoshi (adult education, Indiana University). 6:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE— "Choosing Major Appliances" Bernice Strawn, Director, home economies laboratory, Sears, Roebuck and Company.Tomorrow's Home Series. 8:00 P.M. University College, 19 SouthLaSalle Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE-"The 17th and 18th Centuries" Myles Dillon, (Celtic,comparative philology). 7:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126East 59th Street. 82c, tax a spirit of constructive cooperation, will help to givethose who follow us a brighter world.The strength that has made our nation great is itsfaith in the value of the human spirit, and the implementing of that faith by the powers of science and technology.The same science that has helped to strengthen us haslikewise given us a world order in which, as never before,all peoples depend on each other. In this new world,our very survival depends upon serving each other.In this dark hour of the suffering of mankind, ournation is thus called on for further sacrifice. Does notour victory give us the right to concentrate on our owncomfort, we ask? The law of life in the new world orderis that our only right is to serve the society of which weare a part. By this basic law, it is only through serviceto the world that a nation can continue to live, that itcan grow to greatness, that its citizens can develop theirfull stature.Let us choose this path of service, and live.THE PATH TO PEACE(Continued from Page 7)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25NEWS OF THE CLASSESMEDICAL REUNIONPlans are under way for a reunion of the Rush Class of 1900,to be held during June Reunion.Date and place will be announcedlater. Arrangements are beingmade by Dr. Henry H. Kleinpell,Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.1907John F. Moulds and the spring robins arrived back in Chicago the lastof March, John from San Diegowhere he and Mrs. Moulds spent thewinter. They will remain for the summer in their lakeside home at Har-bert, Michigan. Mr. Moulds was Secretary of the Board of Trustees untilhis retirement.1909Daniel W. Ferguson has just beenelected President of the Western Division of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity. He is the fourth Chicago alumnus to be so honored in the past fortyyears. In 1934 he was cited by hisfraternity for distinguished service. Robert W. Savidge was recentlynamed to the newly-created positionof chief chemist for the Union PacificRailroad. A native of Omaha, Mr.Savidge has been a chemist for therailroad 30 years. He has been headchemist since 1923.1911Mrs. Walter R. Hepner (FrancesKeating) was an Alumni House visitor in March. She had come to Chicago from San Diego to visit herson, Ray, who is a resident at BobsRoberts. Walter Hepner is on leavefrom the presidency of San DiegoState College for the next threemonths while serving on a twelve-man educational commission helpingto organize schools for democraticeducation in Berlin.1914Mrs. James W. Pierce (Lydia Lee)writes us from Pasco, Washington:"Change of occupation has been unfortunately nil, but change of localehas been constant. Occupation hasbeen packing, moving, settling tillmy 'lares and penates' are worn andfrazzled and my nerves and disposi-ABOUT ALUMNI AND TWINSTrustee-Alumnus Ernest E. Quantrell, '05, of New York, returned from awinter vacation in Arizona, came nearer than he expected to writing thismonth's News of the Classes section with his newsy letter to the Editor:". . .One night we had the pleasure of visiting with the Russells [Paul S.Russell, '16, and Mrs. Russell (Carroll A. Mason, '19], the Bill Bentons[Assistant Secretary of State and Trustee of the University] and FrankMcNair [Class of '03 and Trustee] and his daughter Mrs. Simms, which gaveour vacation a University flavor."In Phoenix I also had the pleasure of seeing E. Hill Leith, ['12] who is inthe real estate and insurance business there and well established as one ofthe popular business men."I took in the rodeo in Tucson and had the good fortune of seeing twoU. of C. graduates, Nelson L. Buck and his wife, Rena Hooper Buck, bothof the Class of '04. They are spending a vacation at a ranch near Nogales."Mrs. Quantrell and I spent a week at Playa de Cortes, at Guaymas,Mexico, where we saw Frank O. Horton ['02] and his family. It was thefirst time I have had a visit with Frank in over forty-five years. He was awell known football player at Chicago and is the owner of the H. F. BarRanch at Saddle String, Wyoming."At Phoenix I saw Herbert Ahlswede, ['03] who was guard on the 1899football team and referred to in some quarters as the all time all Chicagoguard! He and his wife were in high school with me and now live at LongBeach, California."I also met Edith Lawton Speik, ['06] whose late husband, Frederick A.Speik, ['05, MD 07] was captain of the 1904 football team. She lives at2585 Monterey Road, San Marino, California . . . . "And then a P.S. "Joel Fantl, ['40] is the proud father of twin boys bornMarch 8th. He now has four children; the oldest a girl, Stephanie, and thesecond a boy, Peter. The twins will be called Theodore and Eugene. Theylive at 30 Churchill Road, Springfield, Massachusetts. He is a research chemist at the Monsanto Chemical plant in Springfield." BOOKENDSwithOfficial shield ofTHE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOfc Extra heavy,all metal,bronze finishOrder fromTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOKSTOREChicago 37$9.00 Per Set Prepaid $9.50Plari&tone decorating&erfaicePhone Pullman 917010422 ftfcobes me., Chicago, 3M.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephon* Dorcheiter IS79NEWENGLISH CARSIMMEDIATEDELIVERYAlsoNEW HOUSE TRAILERSJoseph Neidlinger7320 S. Stony IslandButterfield 560026 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DeaferforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMid. 4200AlsoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete .Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonize, Washand Greasing DepartmentsPhone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeaks RepairedFree Estimate*FRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.SARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago, IllinoisSTENOTYP YLearn new, speedy machine ahortband. Leaseffort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,write or phone for data.Bryant^ StratumC O Llj)E G E18 S. Michigan Ave. Tai. Randolph IS75W. B. CONKEY CO.HAMMOND, INDIANASoo6 and (ZatafofSALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND NEW YORK tion ditto. I hate to use the word'permanent' in connection with myresidence, but for the nonce, Pasco¦ is my legal address."1917Eula Jarnagin resigned from teaching in the schools of Chattanooga,Tennessee, after twelve years in thecity schools, and thirty-eight years asCo-principal of the Girls PreparatorySchool of that city.President Truman has nominatedfj Harry A. McDonald, partner in ther Detroit investment firm of McDon-h' aid-Moore & Co., as a Republicanmember of the SEC to serve the remainder of a five year term expiringin June of 1951. Mrs. George K. Shaffer (RosalindKeating) recently retired from newspaper work with the Associated Pressas feature writer, to do occasional free1 lance magazine work and enjoy hergrandson, William Cecil de Mille, 20months old. She adds that her husband, George K. Shaffer, '16, makesa doting grandfather, indeed.~ 1918¦ Leo Brandes, MD '21, was recently! elected President of the Ciceronian1 Fellowship in Los Angeles.1 Mrs. J. H. Clouse (Ruth Cowan,I SM '22, PhD '33) resigned her posi-I tion as Chairman of the Department1 of Home Economics at the Illinois| Institute of Technology last fall toI assume the position of Chairman ofthe newly organized Department of— Home Economics at the University ofE Miami, Coral Gables, Florida. Herrs husband, John H. Clouse, '20, hasrecently been promoted to the position of Dean of the School of Engineering at the University of Miami.1922Winston R. Burrows is living in— the Hotel Windermere East in Chi- cago. He is employed as AssistantChief Engineer with the Standard OilCompany of Indiana at Whiting, In-'"' diana.>$• Frances Morris, AM '24, has re-it ...tired from teaching and is living ona farm. She is pleasantly occupiedin working over a fine old GeorgianColonial house built in 1832. Heri75 address is R. R. 1, Waynesville, Ohio.~~1925Robert A. Lundy completed his. duties as New York office director of^ the World Mission Crusade (Northern Baptist post-war reconstructiondrive for $14,000,000). On April 1 heassumed his new duties as executivesecretary of the Nevada-Sierra Bap-K tist convention with headquarters inReno. 1926Kathryn Tissue, SM, has left thefaculty of the University of Kansasto accept a position as AssociateProfessor of Home Economics, Nutrition and Dietetics at Alabama Polytechnic Institute in Auburn, Alabama.1928Christian Miller, AM '29, Associate Professor of German and Registrar at the College of Puget Sound,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETacoma, Washington, is on leavefrom his duties to serve as exchangeprofessor at the University of Oslo,Oslo, Norway. He is serving as anHonorary Fellow of the AmericanScandinavian Foundation studyingeducational methods in Norway. Heis helping to organize the first summer session at the University of Oslo,and will serve it as Registrar.Mary Ray Saxon is teaching mathematics at Booker T. WashingtonHigh School in Columbia, SouthCarolina. She is also student advisoron the faculty.1930Victor Roterus, SM '31, recentlyleft his position as Chief of Research,Cincinnati Planning Commission, toassume a new position as ResidentDirector of the Social Science Research Project at the University ofMichigan. This is an inter-departmental research project centering onthe metropolitan area of Flint, Michigan, with the two-fold objective ofproviding graduate training in research and community service.1931Maurice J. Hoilien, MD, whoserved as Lieutenant Colonel in theArmy Medical Corps is living inEureka, California, where he is apracticing ophthalmologist.Hortense H. Levisohn is the newprincipal of the Girls High School inBrooklyn.In a new shopping area of Sacramento, California, John F. Moulds,Jr., has the smartest shop on thestreet. John is an interior decoratorand his services are in demand fromas far away as Palo Alto. Speakingof Palo Alto, his brother, Charles,has opened a men's sports wear shopin Los Altos, five miles from PaloAlto. Chuck spends much of his timerushing deliveries on merchandise hecould sell if he had the merchandise.Saumel E. Stewart, is operating theStanley Hotel in Estes Park, Colorado. He lists his home address asSalisbury, North Carolina.1933Before entering, as a CommissionedChaplain, the United States Air Force,Harold W. Rigney, SM '33, PhD '37,taught at Achimota College, Accra,Gold Coast, British West Africa.Shortly after being separated fromthe Army in February, 1946, he leftfor China to take up a position onstaff of the Catholic University, Peip-ing, China. Last August he becameRector of the university. He writes:"We here in Peiping are in the front lines of the disturbances whichthreaten every day to develop intofull-scale civil war. These conditionsrender the conducting of a universitymost difficult."Harriet Hitch (Mrs. W. A.) isteacher of physical education at Kel-vyn Park High School in Chicago.Her son, Spencer, is living in SaoPaulo, Brazil, where he is workingfor Swift.Archie H. Hubbard is living inBristol, Tennessee, where he is a partner in the Goodpasture Motor Company. His son, Archie H. Hubbard,III, celebrated his third birthday inAugust.Gustav E. Johnson, PhD '40, isDean of Men and Assistant Professor of History at Beloit College,Beloit, Wisconsin.John A. Nietz, PhD, has a collection of old American school textbooks, all over fifty years old, andcontaining over 5,000 copies withouta duplicate.Thomas W. Reul, MD Rush '37,has been appointed assistant medicaldirector of the Mutual Benefit LifeInsurance Company of Newark, NewJersey. He comes to the positionfrom Indianapolis, where he was engaged in the private practice of internal medicine, both before andafter his three and a half years ofnaval service.1934In connection with his work asCountry Specialist with the Divisionof Caribbean Affairs, Department ofState, Charles C. Hauch, AM '35,was recently sent on an official trip toHaiti and the Dominican Republic.Harley P. Tripp, who was assistantprofessor of chemistry at AlbrightCollege, Reading, Pa., during theacademic year 1945-46, has recentlyaccepted a position as associate professor of chemistry at Marshall College, Huntington, West Virginia,where he will work in the organicfield. 'J. Dyke Van Putten, PhD, is Director of Admissions, Dean of Menand Professor of the Far East at ParkCollege, Parkville, Missouri.PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREETFAIRFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREET CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency65th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd.. ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City. Mo.Spokane — New YorkAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent ofour business. Critic and Grade Supervisorsfor Normal Schools placed every year inlarge numbers; excellent opportunities.Special teachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art,secure fine positions through us every year.Private Schools in all parts of the countryamong our best patrons; good salaries.Well prepared High School teacherswanted for city and suburban HighSchools. Special manager handles Gradeand Critic work. Send for folder today.AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.CONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONST. A. REHNQUIST CO.Wentworth 4422T. A. REHNOUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave.Hyde Park 6200 Midway 0009Radio ServiceHerman's Radio ShopVICTOR - DECCA ¦ BLUEBIRDRECORDS935 East 55th StreetERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHRU CHANNELSSUBJECT: Progress Notes on the Alumnus Listed HereinTO: Alumni Section, University of ChicagoFROM: 1st Lt. C. A. Vander Laan MCTHRU: Channels1. The above named officer is at present performing duty with the 9thStation Hospital located on the island of Okinawa. He left the states onthe 6th of June, 1946 PCS, TDN. He wants to go home PDQ.2. Duties consist of doing all the dermatology and VD for the Ryukyus.The officer finds the work much to his liking.3. On June 6th, 1946, the officer had hopes of bringing his wife (MaryK. Ekster, Univ. of Iowa) overseas. On June 7th he found that such wasan idle dream as far as he was concerned because the re-enlisted officerswith previous overseas time came first.4. The officer had previously served a nine month internship at theUniversity of Iowa and also nine months there in a dermatology residency.He hopes to continue the work later, God willing and Unc. (Sam, that is.)5. The University of Chicago magazine reaches this outpost at regularintervals but the Alumni Bulletin does not. Request reply by endorsementwithout delay as to the reason for poor delivery schedule. Same to be inquadruplicate, of course, with the following distribution:(1) C. A. Vander Laan' (2) SPX QQ File 201.11/4(3) Hanley's Latrine, segmented in 4 parts(a) Refer to AR 35-1440 for rate ofreplacement and methods of usage(4) Alumni Hq 201 File6. Sincere congratulations on the excellence of the content and physicalappearance of the magazine at this time. Criticism will follow in subsequent letters.C. A. Vander Laan MCIstLt. ('42, MD '44)Chief Dermatology and Venereology28 THEUNIVSUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of hair from face, eyebrows, back of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLIS EXPERT20 years' experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705, Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATIONTuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway 4404PETERSONFIREPROOFWAREHOUSESTORAGEMOVING•Foreign — DomesticShipments•55th & ELLIS AVENUEPHONEBut. 6711BIENENFELDChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASSGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOIS1525W. 35fh St PhoneLafayette 8400BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave., Chicago Francis John Novak is a MethodsInvestigator for Western Electric inChicago.Sam Perlis, SM '36, PhD '38, is aninstructor in mathematics at PurdueUniversity.Vincent P. Quinn, AM '36, hasbeen appointed an editorial assistantfor the Santa Fe Railway at Chicago.William M. Schuyler, AM, PhD'38, has been appointed AssistantProfessor at the University of Illinoisbranch at Navy Pier, Chicago. Mrs.Schuyler is the former Katherine K.Groman, '31.H. W. Taylor, PhD, has been acting head of the Division of Languagesand Literature at Western State College of Colorado since 1942. In addition, Dr. Taylor is supervisor ofdramatic productions, and has beendirector of the summer writers' workshop since 1943.POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 81 18 Chicago 1935Jack R. Greenfield is working as adevelopment engineer, sanitation infood processing plants, for DiverseyCorporation of Chicago. In addition,he is on the public relations committee of Home and CommunityPlanning Association, a co-operativegroup composed mainly of vets, engaged in developing a community ofhomes for members, located nearPark Ridge.William C. Norby was recentlyelected Assistant Cashier at the HarrisTrust and Savings Bank in Chicago,where he has worked since graduation (with the exception of three anda half years in the Army Air Forces).George H. Carroll, SM '40, is Professor of Botany at Arkansas A. andM. College in Monticello, Arkansas.Montano Flores Cruz is a chemistand glassblower with Coleman Instruments Inc. in Maywood, Illinois.Harold S. Stewart is on leave frornJohns Hopkins University and isworking at the Naval Research Bureau in Washington, D. C.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 291936In the Canadian mountains of British Columbia Dorothy M. Punderson, AM, is preparing to open LeCamp Francais for its tenth summerseason. Miss Punderson is presidentand director. Le Camp Francais is anorganization whose members spendJuly and early August together ina French setting combining stimulating discussions with outdoor life.The interests are primarily in France,the French language and their relation to world cultures. During thewinter Dorothy Punderson lives at947 Portland Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota.Sherman E. Johnson, PhD, Professor of New Testament in EpiscopalTheological School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, has been appointed the1947-48 Annual Professor in the American School of Oriental Researchat Jerusalem.Louis S. Hough recently accepteda position as Associate Professor ofEconomics at the University of Denver.Earl P. Klassen, MD, is a thoracicsurgeon, and is living in Columbus,Ohio, where he is Assistant Professor,Department of Research Surgery atOhio State University.Lucile Perozzi, AM, is RegionalConsultant in the Children's Bureauat Washington, D. C.1937David J. Hopkins, who served asLieutenant Commander in the Navy,is back in Hollywood, where he is amotion picture executive.J. A. Vieg, PhD, will teach atUCLA during the second term of thecoming summer session as VisitingProfessor of Government.Allan B. Cole, AM, PhD '40, formerly of the Oberlin College faculty,moved to Claremont, California, thisfall to become Associate Professor ofOriental affairs at Pomona Collegeand Claremont Graduate School.James F. Foley has recently accepted a position as Design Engineerfor Westinghouse Electric Companyin Baltimore, Maryland.Wasson-PocahonfasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or—Wasson Does Donald K. Holway is now in theengineering business with his fatherin Tulsa, Oklahoma. At the presenttime he is doing a great deal of workon projects in Northeastern Oklahoma.In July, Oscar Lanphar, AM '40,started his new position as Administrative Assistant to the Superintendent of Secondary Schools in Wau-kegan, Illinois.We have been notified of the appointment of Mrs. Helen Hacker(Helen Mayer) as student adviser atthe New School for Social Research,New Yprk City.Dorothy M. Putz, AM '38, is teaching in Wilson Junior College in Chicago.1938Mrs. Blair Morrissey (ElisabethBarden, '38) is living in Toronto,where her husband is in the officeof the U. S. Steel Export Company.Her son, Blair, is three.Helen L. Casebier, AM, is a socialworker with the Illinois Children'sHome and Aid Society in Chicago.William James Haggerty, PhD '43,is President of the New York StateTeachers College in New Paltz, NewYork.Edward T. Myers, nominally Assistant Editor of Educational ScreenMagazine, has the full task of editingthe magazine since the death of itsfounder. Mr. Myers keeps in closetouch with the campus through hisassociation with the student Documentary Film Group.William P. Robinson, AM, is living in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where heis with the Department of PublicInformation, Tulsa Public Schools.Little Paul A. Wagner, III, ninemonths old, parked his perambulatorout in front of Alumni House onApril 1 and, with his dad, '38, camein to pay us a visit. Dad is with theFrederick Hart Company of Poughkeepsie, manufacturers of an embossed film recorder, that, accordingto Paul, senior, will do a lot of thingsfor a few cents that other equipment won't even do for dollars. Whenlittle Paul's dad was on the quad-Platers, SilversmithsSpecialists . . .GOLD. SILVER. RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Re finished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CENtrai 6089-90 Chicago A. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave. Vin 9000410 West 1 llth St. Pul 0034ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Rooting1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893Phones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINC. Co.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueSUPER-GOLD CORPORATIONMANUFACTURERS OF COMMERCIALREFRIGERATION2221 South Michigan AvenueCHICAGO 16, ILLINOISA SundaeTreat forAny Day!SWIFT'S ICE CREAMSundaes and sodas are extra goodmade with Swift's Ice Cream. Sodelicious, so creamy -smooth, so^6^.A Product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 S. Sfcrfe StreetPhone RADdiffe 740030 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing oj All Descriptions9'Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180fflftnni^^PARKER-HOLSMAN, iimmnmiiimiiiiHHiiimniimr-I C O M P A N YMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiinimnv Real Estate and Insurance1501 East 57th Street Hyde Park 2525Telephone KENwood 1352J. E. KIDWELL FtorisT826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELLE. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INCPlanograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182BOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.Oak. 0492 Oak. 0493 rangles he originated the StudentCampus News Reel, a March ofStudent Time. It was only naturalas a lieutenant in the Navy, that hebecame an Educational Adviser at theNaval War College making trainingfilms and aid; and it was only naturalthat he should continue as a post-warcivilian with the Hart Company. Itwas old home week while the twoPauls were visiting Alumni Housebefore returning to New York.1939Joseph E. Wilson has just movedto Akron, Ohio, as senior plasticschemist with Firestone Research.Their baby daughter will celebrateher first birthday May 25.Wasley Krogdahl, PhD 42, is teaching in the Department of Astronomyat Northwestern University.Helen J. Pulaski, SM '42 is instructor in Home Economics atFlower Technical High School andEnglewood Evening School in Chicago.1940William R. Braisted, AM, is an instructor at the University of Texasin Austin.Glenn E. Bennett is Executive Officer with the Headquarters PlanningOffice of the United Nations, withoffices in the RKO Building, NewYork.Clarence V. Hodges, MD, is resident physician at Ancker Hospital inSt. Paul, Minnesota.1941Mrs. Edward Middleton (BlancheGraver, '41) is living in San Francisco, where her husband owns theMiddleton-Harper Bookstore onPowell Street. They have a youngboy and girl.Paul Baumgart and Mrs. Baumgart(Ann Gregory) have recently movedto Oakland, California, where Mr.Baumgart is employed with SafewayStores. They have a three and a halfyear old son.1942Alexander Lichtor, MD, is in London, where he is doing post-graduatework in the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital.1944Mrs. Richard R. Taylor (BettyLou Simson) and her husband areliving in Oakland, California, withtheir eight month old son. Dr. Taylor,'44, MD '46, is interning at the Alameda County Hospital. 1945Betty Coleman, SM '46, is teachingBiology at Wright Junior College inChicago.1946Since September Mary Ellene Ad-inomis has been teaching at a businesscollege in Chicago.George Kende, MBA, spoke beforethe sales and product group of theAmerican Marketing Association recently. His subject was "Implicationsof Atomic Energy on Sales Analysis".Mr. Kende is with MontgomeryWard & Company in Chicago.1947David Owen Long is teaching modern European History and SocialScience in the Junior College of Connecticut, in addition to being secretary of the Social Science Department and faculty adviser for the International Relations Club.At the March Convocation Peter J.Paul, of the Order of St. Augustine,became the first of that Order to receive a doctorate at Chicago. Heentered the history department forhis graduate work in 1930, was delayed because of a serious and prolonged illness, but with consistentdetermination he finally finished hiswork with honors. He has now goneto New England to help his Orderorganize a new school, a short distance from Boston.SOCIAL SERVICEMereb Mossman, AM '28, has accepted a temporary appointment withthe American Association of Schoolsof Social Work as consultant on Pre-professional Education for SocialWork.Erma Wainer, AM '29 is with theUnited Nations Rehabilitation andRelief Administration in China.Olive Stone, AM '29, is consultantin the Technical Training Service inthe Bureau of Public Assistant of theSocial Security Administration. She islocated in the Washington office.Hellen Younggren Arregger, '30,has returned to the State Departmentof Public Welfare in Illinois.TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 45660'CALLA6HAN BROS,PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31Donald Hartzel, AM '37, has beenmade the Training Director of theflome Service Department in thePacific Area Office of the AmericanRed Cross located in San Francisco.Bernard Miran, AM '39, is working with the Home Service Division of the Pacific Area of the American Red Cross located in SanFrancisco.Esther Ortleb, AM '39, has beenmade the Executive Secretary of theFamily Agency in LaCrosse, Wisconsin.Rachel Marks, AM '44, has accepted a position with the IllinoisChildren's Home and Aid Society ofChicago.Helen MacKenzie, AM '45, hasbeen made the District Supervisor inthe Children's Division of the IllinoisState Department of Public Welfare. She is located in the Peoria District Office.Mary Chambers, AM '46, is a medical social worker in the Health Department of the Bureau of Maternaland Child Health in the District ofColumbia.Doris Dean, AM '46, has joinedthe staff of the Children's Division ofthe State Department of Public Welfare in Indiana.Lena Kickbush, AM '46, ElizabethMitcham, AM '46, and Janet Wagner, AM '46, have accepted positionsin the Medical Social Service Department at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago.Eulalia Kirkpatrick, AM '46, hasbeen made director of Social Serviceof the County Hospital in Sacramento, California.Sally Knisely, AM '46, and Pauline Lide, AM '46, have accepted positions with the Bureau of Family Service in Orange, N. J.Mary McLendon, AM '46, hasjoined the Medical Social Work Department of the University of Chicago Clinic.Elizabeth Clark Olsen, AM, '46, isa medical social worker in a Children's Hospital in Los Angeles.Kathrin Pool, AM '46, is a medicalsocial worker with the New YorkHospital in New York City.BOYDSTON BROS., INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of ChicagoOak. 0492^ Oak. 0493Trained and licensed attendants Betty Power, AM '46, joined thesocial service staff of the Universityof Iowa Hospitals at Iowa City.Avis Pumphrey, AM '46, has beenmade the Director of Social Servicein the Department of Veteran's Affairs at Ottawa, Ontario.Shirley Switzer, AM '46, has takena position with the Illinois Children'sHome and Aid Society, Chicago.ENGAGEMENTSMr. and Mrs. Norman Anderson ofBrooklyn, New York, have announcedthe engagement of their daughter,Muriel Adele to Ben T. Stevenson,'38.In London, Mr. and Mrs. W. AlanDonald of Auckland, New Zealand,announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Jacqueline Ann, to JohnRead Keller, '42. The wedding willtake place in the early summer inSt. Margaret's Episcopal Church,Westminster, England.The engagement of Joan Hammel,'45, to George Buck was recently announced. The wedding will take placein late Spring.vLois Sydnie Kanne, '46, has announced her engagement to MiltonWarshaw, a graduate of the ChicagoTechnical College.MARRIAGESThe marriage of Ruth Fulrath, '28,to John G. Sellers took place January 18 in the home of her parentsin Chicago.Marguerite McNall, '31, one of theAssociation's most enthusiastic andconscientious members, was united inmarriage with Fred Williams on April10. Mr. and Mrs. Williams will livein Valley Stream, Long Island.Alice Mooradian, '33, was marriedon July 6, 1946, to George PhilipLahr in the chapel of the Church ofthe Redeemer in' Chicago. Mr. Lahrserved three and a half years with thearmed forces overseas. Mrs. Lahr iswith the Division of Placement andUnemployment Compensation incharge of Publications Control.Gordon C. Petersen, '36, was married to Bernice Opal Shafer of Grid-ley, Kansas, on January 29, 1947.AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo EngraversArtists — ElectrotypersMakers of Printing Plates429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. Monroe 7515 Arthur MichaudelDesigner and Maker ofDistinctive Stained Glass Windows542 North Paulina Street, ChicagoTelephone Monroe 2423^kEXCEUENCE IN ElECTRICAL PRODUCTSmgleivwtlWblectrical SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - Englewood 7500MOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNILEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Perk 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERChicago's OutstandingDRUG STORES32 THE UNIVERSITY OK CHICAGO MAGAZINEA SPRING TRIPLouise Galst, '42, AM '44, whose interests in language and people (sheis a language teacher in the Gary high school system) have taken her onsummer trips from Montreal to Cuba, took a spring trip this time — to thealtar, March 28. Her husband is Sanford L. Wechsler, alumnus of GeorgeWashington University, of Uncle Sam's Army, and more recently ofNorthwestern University. He is back serving Uncle Sam in the Chicagooffice of the Department of Internal Revenue.The Wechslers are living in Gary where Louise will continue teachingSpanish, English, and doing guidance work at Wirt High School.Mrs. Wechsler has always been one of our favorites at Alumni House.With endless energy she has enthusiastically served simultaneously on boththe Chicago and Gary committees in the annual spring campaigns for theAlumni Gift to the University. Typical was her post script on the lettergiving us her change of name and address: "Don't forget to put me on boththe Chicago and Gary committees for the Alumni Gift."And to top our dessert with a bright cherry she says: "Will you changethe address on my copy of the Magazine. I'd hate to have a single issuedelayed! I don't know what all the fuss is about [spasmodic criticisms inthe Letters column]. The Alumni Magazine? — I like it as is. Keep it up."LATOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther PlantsBoston — N.Y. — Phil. — Syracuse — Cleveland"You Might As Well Have The Best"Telephone Haymarlcet 3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketAjax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, Van Buren 0230ACMESHEET METAL WORKSANIMAL CAGESandLaboratory Equipment1121 East 55th StreetPhone Hyde Park 9500BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.yExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 5380RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Monroe 3192 Gordon is with the Chicago office ofA. B. Dick and Company. The Peter-sens are living at 1310 Bryn MawrAvenue.On March 8, 1947, at Bond Chapel,Persis- Jane Peeples, '40, became thewife of John F. Cline of Scarsdale,New York. Mr. Cline is in the advertising business in New York City.After a wedding trip to Bermuda,they returned to Scarsdale to maketheir home.Lillian Gertrude Kling and MaxBenjamin Milberg, SM, MD '40,were married March 9 in New YorkCity.Harriet F. Augustus, '41, andFrederick L. Swanson, '41, weremarried August 20, 1946, in Chicago.Mrs. Swanson is the daughter ofJoseph J. Augustus, '15, JD '17 andMrs. Augustus (Louise F. Magee,'11). They are living at 5341 NorthKimball Avenue in Chicago.Mary Lina StraufF, '46, became thebride of David Steel Conner on Saturday, March 15, 1947. The ceremony was performed by the Reverend Father Philip M. Hannan ofWashington, D. C, in the Blue Roomof the Alcazar, Baltimore, Maryland.Janet Ekdahl, '46, was bridesmaid.Upon return from their wedding trip,the couple will live on Long Island,New York.GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186 Joan Moore Harvey, '49, and Martin Franklin Jones, '46, were marriedMarch 21, 1947, in Bond MemorialChapel on the quadrangles. Thebride wore her mother's wedding veiland the ivory satin gown in whichher sister, Mrs. Walter R. Hepner(Jean Harvey, '44) was married threeyears ago. Louise Harvey, '45, washer sister's maid of honor. JamesWenger, a University classmate ofthe bridegroom, was best man. A reception followed at the KenwoodAvenue home of the bride's parents.BIRTHSE. L. Borkon, '31, PhD '36, MD'37, is the father of a baby girl bornFebruary 14, 1947 at Carbondale,Illinois.Captain and Mrs. Sigmund Gundle(Beatrice Achtenberg, '34, AM '36)announce the birth of Ruth Elizabethon March 1, 1947, at Augusta,Georgia.William C. Norby, '3b, and Mrs.Norby are the proud parents of theirfirst child: Martha Jean, who arrivedNovember 26, 1946.Billy Weaver, son of William H.Weaver, '36, has a sister, NancyAnne, born September 14, 1946.A son, Kent Robert, was born December 12, 1946, to Mr. and Mrs.Robert N. Johnson (Helen C. Peterson, '38) at Joliet. The new arrivalwill be a playmate for Keith Nevinwho will be two, May 30.EASTMAN COAL CO.Eitablithed 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488Robert Warner, MD '39, has written us of the birth of a son, RobertWarner, Jr., on December 2, 1946.Dr. Warner is in Cincinnati at Children's Hospital and Research Foundation, after five years in the Army.Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Gaetjens(Mary Hanes, '40) announce thebirth of a daughter, Catherine Gail,on February 17, 1947. The Gaetjens'other daughter, Carol Adele, will bethree years old in July.Mr. and Mrs. John M. Hartwell(Betty Hawk, '40) announce the arrival of Robert MacGregor Hartwellon January 31, 1947, at Chicago.Loren T. DeWind, MD '45 writes:"Want to report birth of a handsomebaby girl (Sharon Ruth) September6, 1946 (looks like her dad)." Dr.DeWind is in the Army and stationedat the Veterans Hospital in Chilli-cothe, Ohio.Mr. and Mrs. George E. McHie(Betty Soderstrom, '45) are the parents of a baby boy, born November 1 ,1946.Ensign and Mrs. Donald C. Shorts(Marion H. Laing, '46) announcethe birth of Susan Louise on March6, 1947, at the Brooklyn Naval Hospital.John W. Griffin, AM '46 and Mrs.Griffin (Patricia A. Conaway, AM'45) announce the birth of DouglasHall on February 28, 1947, in Seb-ring, Florida. Mr. Griffin is Archeologist for the Florida Park Service,and Hale G. Smith, AM '45, is Assistant Archeologist.DEATHSMrs. Paul Shorey, widow of thelate head of the Greek department,on March 3 1 at the Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago, following a brief illness. Mrs. Shorey, who was 78, livedin the Shorey home on Woodlawn,near the University.Mrs. Ralph Hubbard Norton(Elizabeth Calhoun, '05) on March17, at Palm Beach, Florida. Co-owner of the Norton Gallery andSchool of Art in West Palm Beach,Mrs. Norton was active in music andart circles in Chicago, Palm Beach,and New York.Albert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris. '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTelephone State 8951 J. Harry Clo, PhD '11, on February 22, 1947, at Waynesville, NorthCarolina.William H. Matthews, '16, retiredPresbyterian clergyman, general secretary emeritus of the AmericanTract Society and former pastor ofthe Greenwich Presbyterian Churchof New York, died suddenly onMarch 11, while vacationing inFlorida.Tommie Duffy, '19, in AtlanticCity, February 13, where she hadgone to a meeting of Principals ofPrivate Schools. She taught 14 yearsin the public schools of Chattanooga,Tennessee, and was co-principal ofthe Girls Preparatory School of thatcity for thirty-eight years.Samuel D. Isaly, '20, head of theIsaly Dairy Company of Youngstown,Ohio, on December 3, 1946, at Phoenix, Arizona. His death was causedby coronary thrombosis.WANT TO EARN$9000 A YEAR?MATERNITYWARDA career in life insuranceselling can be both profitableand satisfying . . . with yourincome limited only by yourown efforts. Many of our representatives earn $4,000 to$9,000 a year, and more! Weinvite you to send for ourscientific Aptitude Test, whichmeasures your qualificationsfor this interesting work.If you qualify, you may become eligible for our 3-yearon-the-job training course,with a guaranteed income forthe first two years. After that,the Mutual Lifetime Compensation Plan offers liberal commissions, and substantial retirement income at age 65.Write today to Room 1102THE MUTUAL LIFEINSURANCE COMPANY of NEW YORK34 Nassau Street §fijf New York 5, N.Y. BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePlaza 3313V.rna P. Warner. DirectorAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1121Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000Alice Banner Englewood 3181COLORED HELP. FACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMILLS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agcy., 5534 S. State St.Golden Dirilyte{formerly Diriaold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID — NOT PLATEDService for Eight $61.85FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Roval Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes. Also Crystal, TableLinen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago,What is all knowledge ... but recorded e xperience? "-carlyleK'Vv*2¦ ,1Ik ¦1 - «•R/ % ,*' IJFTiy some things get better all the timeHealth, strength and zest for life— of youngsters, of workers, of all of us— depend on food. Food produced by the millions of tons yearly. And each year our farmers have moreefficient means to do their treme'ndous job.The modern farmer has a tractor, a truck, and usesspecialized farm tools— all with parts made increasingly ofalloy-toughened steels and of plastics, for sturdier, moreefficient service. His milking machine has parts of rust-resistant stainless steel. Chemically fortified feeds growhealthier livestock. New chemical sprays protect his cropsfrom insects and plant diseases. And improved fertilizersrestore vital elements to his soil.From care of the life-giving soil to precious harvest, thefarmer's means for food production are steadily improving. . . because into these means go better and better materials. Producing better materials for the use of science andindustry and the benefit of mankind is the work of UnionCarbide.Basic knowledge and persistent research are required,particularly in the fields of science and engineering. Working with extremes of heat and cold— frequently as high as6000° or as low as 300° below zero, Fahrenheit— and withvacuums and great pressures, Units of UCC now separateor combine nearly one-half of the many elements of theearth.Union CarbideAJVJ? CAHJSOjy COHJPOMATTGJY30 EAST 42ND STREET |I|M NEW YORK 17, N. Y.¦ Products of Divisions and Units include Linde Oxygen • Prest-O-Lite Acetylene • Pyrofax Gas • Bakei.ite, Krene, Vinyon, and Vinylite PlasticsAcheson Electrodes • Eveready Flashlights and Batteries • National CarbonsPrestone and Trek Anti-Freezes • Electromet Alloys and Metals • Haynes Stellite Alloys • Synthetic Organic Chemicals