CHICAGO MAGAZINEMARCH 10 4 7We asked a number of people this question . . ."How much would you say the telephone company makes (after all expenses and taxes) onthe money invested in the business?"Twelve per cent said "6% or less."Eleven per cent said "7% to 10%."Twelve per cent said "15%, 20% or 25%."Eight per cent said "30% or more."Fifty-seven per cent had no opinion.The actual figure is less than many people think.Even with telephone calls at a record peak, BellSystem earnings on the money invested in thebusiness have averaged only a shade over 5^4%for the last five years — including the war years.And that's not enough to insure good telephoneservice.We thought you might like to know in caseyou have been wondering about telephoneearnings.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMHow much doesthe telephoneearn?THE EDITOR'S MEMO PADRound Table IntelligenceIt all started when Dr. Charles H.Swift, joining the Round Table regulars for lunch at the QuadrangbClub, announced he had seen a basket of St. John's bread at a VanBuren Street market — the first in anumber of years.This led to a discussion of mannawhich reminded someone of ediblelocusts, with or without honey. Thisraised the question as to whether ornot the locusts of Biblical fame wereactually grasshoppers which, as weremember it, Alfred Emerson (Zoology) agreed they doubtless were.Actually no confirmation wasneeded from a zoologist because Dr.Anton J. Carlson made the pointblank statement that in his SwedishBible it certainly said "grasshoppers"and that was that.Jerome Fisher (Geology) couldn'tlet this pass without a challenge. Hebet a dollar that Carlson's Bibledidn't say "grasshoppers." All at thetable, including Jay Christ (BusinessLaw) and Rollin Chamberlin(Geology), both well versed on mostsubjects discussed at the daily RoundTable, seemed to agree that this wasa pretty safe challenge to the manfamous for his eternal question "Votis the evidence?" Whatever the termin Swedish, it was sure to be only atranslator who would Anglicize it tograsshopper.The fact that Dr. Carlson couldn'tremember the Swedish word forgrasshopper worried the famousphysiologist through the remainderof the meal. The ruthless RoundTable gang had backed many a bril-> liant colleague into frustrated submission by catching him out of his fieldand beyond his depth.Dr. Carlson had never been caughtin this unenviable position and itdidn't help for someone to add,"You're not in the classroom, Ajax;here you have to substantiate yourstatements."Came the dawn; another lunch period; the Round Table clan had gathered in wait of food and its nextvictim when Carlson marched in. Atattered Swedish Bible was under hisarm. With confident deliberation heturned the pages to The Gospel According to St. Mark, Chapter 1,verse 6. Each Round Table scofferwas required to read for himself:Marci Evangelium; 1 Kapitlet;Vers 6: Och Johannes var kladd ikamelhar och hade en ladergordel omsina lander, ojch han at grashopporoch vildhonnung.TypicalSo typical is this scene of our lateAlumni Secretary, Carl Beck, that wewanted it in the record. This sceneis the Mandel Hall entrance offHutchinson Court. The event wasprobably an Alumni Assembly at Reunion. The snap shot crossed ourdesk from an anonymous cameraman."Not for publication"From a retired Baptist minister inOhio who holds two degrees fromChicago comes a two-page letter protesting the cover-page appearance ofMr. Quad in our January issue.(Also, see Letters.)Although his letter was emphatically marked "not for publication,"we assume we are not betraying hisrequest by quoting that portion ofthe letter which leads up to an appealfor a public apology from us. Referring to Mr. Quad as "utterly sillyand positively nasty . . . purportingto 'typify the new University atmosphere'," the letter continues:"If that is even in a remote degreesuch a typification I am confident that an overwhelming majority of thefaculty and students of at least thefirst quarter century would join incrying with Isaiah, 14:12: How artthou fallen from heaven, O day-star,son of the morning!". . . It is hard to understand howyou as the editor of the Magazineand of presumably advanced scholastic standing and spiritual comprehension, gave the absolutely horrid picture the front page space!"In the name of common decencyI beg of you to promptly apologizeto your readers (of whom I am surethe great majority feel insulted byits presentation) for the picture, andalso promise not to insert at any timethe so-called Mr. Quad. . . ."To those whose sensivities we haveoffended we express sincere regret. Itis possible that our editorial judgment has been jeopardized, by oursense of humor. Obviously, the undergraduate's caricature of himselfdoes not typify the new Universityatmosphere.Invitation to homecomingOn Bill Montgomery's page (Students and Activities) you will readyour invitation to a homecoming foralumni, Saturday, March 8.Student activities on the Midwayare rolling back into high followingthe war period. In our opinion therehas not been so much extracurricularactivity since a good many years before the war.Next month's Magazine will carrya story on these activities written byAssistant Dean John L. Bergstresserwhose major responsibility is to supervise and encourage student activities.In the meantime, if you live nearenough to join us for Homecoming,we hope you can accept the invitation. The festivities, we suspect, willnot be very elaborate this year but ifwe alumni can encourage the studentswith our attendance, it is hoped theprogram will grow into an annualevent of importance to student-alumnirelations.1LETTERSHideously inappropriateIn the January, 1947, number Ienjoyed the hopeful article of Professor Neil H. Jacoby on the economicsituation and the sympathetic comments of Professor R. M. Lovett onRobert Herrick. On the other hand,the cover "Mr. Quad" impresses meas being hideously inappropriate.Also, I am somewhat troubled bythe adoption of Life magazine asthe "pattern" to be followed by anyof the University of Chicago publications. This can hardly be called"keeping what is good in Chicagotraditions."Estelle Lutrell, '98, AM '24Tucson, Arizona.SuperWe live just a short distance fromWashington University from whencefireworks are now emanating, especially from the Chancellor's beautifulmansion. Arthur Compton and hisgracious Betty are creating a miracle,not only in re-creating the wholeUniversity but giving the membersof the community cause for real pridein their University. They are very,very "super," and I truthfully admitthat I am thrilled they are here.Elizabeth Roe Milius, '28St. Louis, Missouri.RebuttalI was greatly interested in Mr.Zimmerman's article giving the reasons for the selection of the designfor the new Administration Building, for like most of the older alumniI regretted the departure from thenoble Gothic tradition. If the material and design are kept in harmonywith the older buildings there willnot be so much cause for complaint.Abigail C. Lazelle, '10, AM '31Eureka, Illinois.Among all the recent pro-gargoyleoutbursts, I confess I should like tohear some still, small voice raised inbehalf of the simple and dignifiedstructure that the AdministrationBuilding seems to be turning out tobe. Why all the heartburnings?The material is our good greystone, the proportions, even from thepoint of "dynamic symmetry" (oreven Greek 1-4) are excellent, considering the necessity for getting asmuch benefit as possible from theavailable space.Moreover, are these quite thetimes for Stately Pleasure Domes?For the gargoyles, I've had some affection, myself, over many years,(both the anonymous little fellows,and those among which any resemblance, etc., is purely coincidental)but at times it has seemed to me thatwe might have spared a few gargoylesand groined ceilings in order, perhaps, to do more research, or to raisesome salaries and wages, not to mention making some provision for retirement of staff personnel and employees, beyond individual instances.Handsome is as handsome does,and in these days Chartres may haveto defer, temporarily, to Charters —Atlantic, and we nope, pacific aswell. Nowadays, when bread is aworldwide need, limestone, howeverlacy, is no more palatable as a substitute, and I believe that the use of alarge sum of money for decoration,beyond appropriate utility, mightwell have been questioned by manypeople.It is a truism that beauty is notnecessarily the result of added ornament (in spite of advertising, to thecontrary) nor can one age ever successfully wear, without alteration,the garments of another. If theGothic builders had been similarlynostalgic they would never have gotbeyond the Romanesque arch.No matter how much we wouldlike to turn back Time, or resemblethe poetic Miniver Cheevey, it maybe wisest to realize that we are, forbetter — or maybe for worse — livingin 1947, and the aspirations that oncefound expression in carved stone orinlaid ceilings, may take other formsmore appropriate to our circumstances. The best workmanship maynow be needed on the stone at theheart of our times.The University, I feel, is to becongratulated on its good sense andcourage — and especially on its senseof proportion, both figurative andliteral.Jessie Heckman Hirschl, '10Chicago.Unless something new can be added,this will close our Gothic discussion.We have had so many ucon}} lettersthat we are pleased to end this ona "pro" note. After all, buildings,towered or streamlined, don't make aUniversity. The Editor.Magazine criticismYou give too much space to "Newsof the Classes." ... Of course, I amglad to hear about the Universitybut the articles which you printabout doings in the quadrangles haveno special interest for me, nor do Isee how these articles can be of anygreat interest to alumni who haveleft the University some years ago. . . . Some of your articles are more orless jazzed up and are, in my opinion,unbefitting a publication of a greatUniversity. AM '27, PhD '34St. Louis, Missouri.[I enjoy] news from alumni in faraway places. Interesting and humorous articles about the University. '22River Forest, Illinois.As a school teacher's wife I have tocut corners . . . perhaps this was thewrong corner to cut. We miss theMagazine and I am enclosing twodollars. I shouldn't have let themembership lapse. 526Chicago.... I enjoyed Bill Morgenstern'srather weak defense of the new Administration Building. '33, JD '35A.P.O., New York.Llere is one person who subscribesto and respects The University ofChicago Magazine as it enlightensher on serious advances and in waysthat a woman of '98 and 71 years canunderstand.Hurrah for the pledge for theAnti-vivisectionists. And I vote forthe new Administration Building — Ialways felt those old buildings werewrong. U. of C. students need training in architecture. 598Pittsford, New York.GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 4566O'CALLAGHAN BROS.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.Phone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeaks RepairedFree EstimatesFRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.2THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEVol. 39 March, 1947 Number 6PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORT EMILY D. BROOKEEditor Associate EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETTE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN THIS ISSUEEditor's Memo Pad , -. 1Letters 2With Our Alumni Clubs , . 3The Good News of Damnation, Robert M. Hutchins 5One Man's Opinion, William V. Morgenstern 8Henry Grattan (1746-1820), Myles Dillon 9The "Speed" in Goodspeed 13The University and UNESCO, William B. Benton 12News of the Quadrangles, Jeannette Lowrey 15Students and Activities, William C. Montgomery 19Honored by France . 20March Calendar 20News of the Classes 23COVER: Chancellor Robert M. HutchinsTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVol. 39 March, 1947 Number 6PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORTEditor EMILY D. BROOKEAssociate EditorWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN JEANNETTE LOWREYContributing EditorsIN THIS ISSUEEditor's Memo Pad , -. 1Letters 2With Our Alumni Clubs , . 3The Good News of Damnation, Robert M. Hutchins 5One Man's Opinion, William V. Morgenstern 8Henry Grattan (1746-1820), Myles Dillon 9The "Speed" in Goodspeed 13The University and UNESCO, William B. Benton 12News of the Quadrangles, Jeannette Lowrey 15Students and Activities, William C. Montgomery 19Honored by France . 20March Calendar 20News of the Classes 23COVER: Chancellor Robert M. HutchinsPublished, by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago 37, Illinois, Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y., is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.With our Alumni ClubsWilliam Scott, Assistant Dean ofStudents and Entrance Counselor atthe University, has met with severalof our local clubs recently. He hasbeen in the field interviewing prospective Chicago students, and bringing the alumni groups up to date onwhat has been happening on thequadrangles; the success of the newCollege Plan; and future plans of theUniversity.Dean Scott met informally with agroup of seventeen alumni in SaltLake City for dinner on January 6,and plans were started for the reactivation of the Salt Lake City alumniclub.On January 18, San Antonioalumni gathered for dinner at the St.Anthony Hotel to meet Dean Scott.Lewis Kay ton, '22, was in charge ofarrangements.The New Orleans Club was nextto entertain Dean Scott, who spoketo the group which met in one ofthe lecture rooms at Tulane University. Dr. Ruby K. Worner, '21, SM'22, PhD '25, handled the details forthe meeting.On February 21, Spokane alumni,under the leadership of Lars Carlson,'23, were hosts to the visitor from theQuadrangles.Other recent meetings of alumniinclude the December 6 meeting inDayton, Ohio, at which Dr. Anton J.Carlson spoke on "The Science ofBiology and the Future of Man"; ameeting of the Detroit Chicago Clubon December 3, with Dr. ClarenceFaust, Dean of the Graduate LibrarySchool and former Dean of the College as guest of honor; and a Cincinnati meeting arranged to meetMiss Dorothy Dunaway, EntranceCounselor at the University, whospoke on recent developments at theUniversity at a dinner meeting December 10.Seattle alumni met January 16 atthe Gowman Hotel for election ofofficers and to hear an address on"Education,. Religion and Democracy" given by Newton H. Carman,AM '17, DB '18, a member of thegroup. Hyde Park 6200 Midway 0009Radio ServiceHerman's Radio ShopVICTOR - DECCA - BLUEBIRDRECORDS935 East 55th StreetTuckerDecorating Service1360 East 70th StreetPhone MIDway 4404 placfesitone decorating£>erbtcePhone Pullman 917010422 ft&obe* abc, Cfjttaso, 311.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Parle Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579BRADLEY ALUMNI ENTERTAINCHICAGOAt Peoria, on the evening of January 10, following thebasketball game between Bradley (68) and Chicago (45),the teams and our Peoria Chicago alumni were the guestsof the Bradley Alumni Association at a reception in theUniversity Club.This spirit of fellowship, enjoyed by all our alumni whoparticipated, would have been warmly appreciated by our first University President William Rainey Harper, who had!a great influence in the founding and early direction ofBradley and for whom a men's hall is named on thaicampus.Some of the Peoria Chicago alumni attending the reception stand behind the Chicago basketball team. CoachNelson H. Norgren, seated in the chair..I !Among the honored guests (from the left) Kenneth W.Black, JD '37 and H. Dale Morgan, '06, attorneys andTrustees of Bradley University; David B. Owen, Presidentof Bradley; Chicago Coach Nels Norgren; Robert D. Morgan JD '37, attorney, son of H. Dale, and President of thePeoria Y. M. C. A.; and, at the piano, Arthur B. Copeland,'24, JD '25, attorney and President of the Peoria ChicagoClub.4THE GOOD NEWS OF DAMNATION' ~• By ROBERT M. HUTCHINSTHE GOOD NEWS of damnation is the news ofthe atomic bomb. You will say that it isn't evennews, and one of the most frightening things aboutthe present situation is that to judge from the papers andthe radio you will be right.A year and a half ago we all ran for the nearest exit,shouting, "There must never be another war; we musthave world government right away; save civilization";and day after day the agencies of mass communicationpointed out that We could now destroy ourselves in socheap, spectacular, swift, effective, and horrible fashionthat at last something really significant would have to be ,done about introducing law into the world and reforming the peculiar animals who inhabit it.But apparently you can get used to anything. We havenow returned to our normal occupations and preoccupations. We have lately been absorbed in Christmas shopping, New Year's celebrations, the coal strike, the wickedness of the Russians, the fate of Tweedledum and Twee-dledee, by which I mean, of course, the Democratic andRepublican parties, and the prospects of reduced taxation. We have succeeded in forgetting what we all know,that the atomic bomb hangs over us and that it altersthe whole outlook of life in America.Let me tell you what we all know. 1. There is nodefense against the atomic bomb. The only defense isnot to be there when it goes off. 2. In a war in whichboth sides have atomic bombs the cities of both sideswill be destroyed. 3. Since one to ten atomic bombscan reduce any city in the world to ashes, it will not helpus much to have more atomic bombs than an enemycountry. 4. Superiority in land, sea, and air forces willmean little. The atomic bomb is a weapon directedagainst civilians. The economy which supports the military can be wiped out before the military can get started.5. Our monopoly of the atomic bomb cannot last morethan five years.It is obvious, though perhaps not so well known, thatfuture bombs will be cheaper, bigger, and better. It is afair guess that greater emphasis will be laid in the futureon the production of radioactive rays than on the production of a blast.The radioactivity from Bikini reached the UnitedStates in detectible strength in the space of one week. Ifit were possible to increase the radioactivity one hundredthousand or a million times, an enemy could make theUnited States uninhabitable by dropping a bomb or twooff the Pacific Coast. A bomb of the kind we have now,planted at the bottom of New York harbor, might coverthe city with lethal spray if it exploded when the windwas right.Some indication of the present power of the radioactivity developed by the bomb is given by the second Bikini test, where ships were contaminated within aradius of a mile and a quarter. The Joint Chiefs ofStaff Evaluation Board said: "The contaminated shipsbecame radioactive stoves and would have burned allliving things aboard them with invisible and painless butdeadly radiation."Now, thanks to the scientists, the United States isvulnerable from every quarter of the globe. We are inthe position of the litle boy who asked Santa Claus for avolcano — and got it.Dislocations in Persia, Manchuria, or the South Seasmay at any moment involve this country, and in an eraof supersonic radio-guided missiles and atomic bombswhich may be planted by enemy agents, involvement invery slight dislocations may lead to the destruction ofall our cities. The United States now has no choice. Itis involved with the rest of the world whether it likes itor not.And it is involved in a very unfortunate way.The gift of science and technology to our country hasall the aspects of a volcano in the home. We have themost to lose, and we could lose it more quickly and completely than any nation with which we are likely to be atwar. If you were doomed to die by starvation, as halfEurope and Asia now seem to be, death by the atomicbomb might be a pleasure.Our cities are more densely populated and more important to the economy than those of Russia. Our formof government requires us to give long notice that weare about to go to war. It is not too much to say thatbefore the atomic bomb no country or combination ofcountries could have hoped to conduct a successful attack on the United States. Our scientists and engineershave put in the hands of our potential enemies the meansof our own destruction.Agreements for the international control of atomicenergy, which are absolutely imperative, will merelyguarantee, if they are effective, that the next war willend with atomic bombs instead of beginning with them.If these agreements are ineffective, they will simply increase the value of the element of surprise which theatomic bomb has added to the arsenal of the aggressor.But let us suppose that in some way or other we avoidanother major war. What is going to happen to us then?The use of atomic energy for heat, power, and light isjust around the corner. There are no technical andscientific difficulties of any consequence in the way. If theArmy had acted on the proposal of the University ofChicago when it was made, I believe that out in PalosPark we could have put on a large-scale demonstrationof the use of atomic energy for commercial power by lastA recent address before the Publicity Club ot Chicago56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMay. The Army finally decided to conduct this experiment at Oak Ridge, and I have no doubt that it will havesucceeded by next May.We cannot expect atomic energy to replace at once theordinary sources of industrial power in existing industrialareas. But I would call your attention to the fact thatthe cost of transporting the materials from which atomicenergy is made is negligible. This means that the locationof communities and industries need no longer be determined by the location of sources of power. You can startindustries or communities — which, incidentally, could befree from smoke — anywhere in the world, on the polarice-cap or in the heart of the Congo.When we consider what the location of coal mines andwater power has meant in the location of industries andcities throughout the world, we can understand the proportions of the industrial and social revolution whichatomic energy is about to usher in. We may expect therapid industrialization of parts of the world plentiful inraw materials but lacking in coal, oil, or water power. Wemay expect the development of new industries and newcommunities.This will be accompanied by the disintegration of oldcommunities, particularly those whose chief reason forexistence is their proximity to old-fashioned sources ofpower. These dislocations will be accompanied bygreat insecurity. An economy based on work and scarcitywill be giving way before one based on leisure andabundance. The birthpangs of the new economy arelikely to be so painful, the problems of management arecertain to be so enormous, that the difficulties of citizenship, which we have been able to take very lightly, willseem too much for us. We shall turn to the Governmentto save us.Only the Government will seem large enough to copewith a crisis of such dimensions. We may even hear thatwe need a Leader. Nobody proposed that atomic energyshould not be a government monopoly. The only questionwas which branch of the Government should monopolizeit. The chief problems of the Government will be security and boredom. And so the world comes back againto bread and circuses.The President of Harvard has suggested that our appetite for circuses is unlimited. He has intimated that wedon't need to worry about the unbounded leisure whichthe atomic age will bring — we can go to the ball game.I used to do that myself every Saturday afternoon in thefall, but for some reason or other I finally got tired of it.As I approach the age of 48, I can testify that all formsof recreation eventually lose their charm.As we now save children from infants' diseases inorder to put them in insane asylums when they grow up,so we have cut working hours from 60 to 40 and produced the comic book as the symbol of our cultural epoch.When in the atomic age we can get our living withabout the same effort and in the same time as the fortunate savages require to pick their daily diet from the bread-- fruit trees, what shall we do with ourselves then?You may admit that this is news, and news thatought to be on page one every day; and you may withsome propriety ask, "Why is it good?"In theology the utility of the doctrine of damnation isthat it may frighten us into doing what we know weshould be doing anyway. We know we ought to behaveourselves; but it is not always pleasant to do it. Thenews of damnation tells us, in dramatic, spectacularfashion, how extremely unpleasant it will be for us ifwe do not do it.We have known at least since the time when Napoleoninvented total war that war would have to be abolished.We could see that nationalism is obsolete and that internationalism was out of date even before we tried it.Now we can have no excuse for failing to understand thatour hope is in world justice, world law, world government, a world state. The event of August 6, 1945, makesplain to the dullest wits that it is one world or noneat all.It has long been clear that the advance of technologywas making it possible to simplify industrial operations tothe point where they could be conducted by twelve-year-old children, and very few of them. The steady decline inthe hours of labor has been going on for a generation.The war has simply concentrated fifty years of technological advance into five, and has thrown in, for goodmeasure, the discovery of a new source of power whichwill enormously accelerate a process that was alreadyunder way.The principal aims of education in this country havebeen to supply vocational success or social standing, although it has been clear that education could make nodirect contribution to vocational success and that whereall children go to school, going to school does not distinguish those who go. Where everybody is somebody,as Gilbert and Sullivan pointed out, nobody's anybody.We have thought of education as an affair for theyoung — it has been regarded as a disease like whoopingcough or measles — having had it once you need not,indeed you cannot, have it again. And the result hasbeen that those things which only adults can understand,because only they have had the experience to understandthem, we have never learned, and they are the most important things of all.Our increasing leisure has been wasted on futile effortsto stave off boredom by spending more and more moneytrying to get somebody to amuse us. Yet with the machines which we now have to work for us we have asmuch leisure as the Greeks could have had, and we couldhave a civilization as glorious as theirs, and more enduring.Unfortunately the good news of damnation arrives alittle late. After centuries of misconduct we now haveabout five years in which to learn how to behave ourselves.But learning how to behave ourselves is the only defenseagainst the atomic bomb.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7Other civilizations were destroyed by barbarians fromwithout. We breed our own. We cannot rely on ourpossession of a secret about the atomic bomb. The onlysecret worth keeping came out when the bomb went off.It is useless to devote ourselves to great military preparations. As long as we have the atomic bomb, we do notneed great military preparations. When other nationshave it, these preparations will do us no good. Greatmilitary preparations are, in fact, dangers to us; for theyserve to convince other nations that we are out to dominate the world.We have never been forced to confront a major powerin the course of our imperialism. We took most of whatwe wanted from the Indians. But I cannot see why weshould suppose that other nations will think that we areso much better than they that we, and not they, should"be trusted with overwhelming force.You may well ask how we can get other people to behave themselves. If our hearts are changed, and those ofthe Russians are not, we shall merely have the satisfaction of being blown up with changed hearts rather thanwith unchanged ones. I do not expect an Americanaudience to have sufficient faith in the immortality of thesoul to regard this as more than a dubious consolation.Here is where the power of example is still valid.When other nations have atomic bombs, we are at everydisadvantage in trying to make them behave themselvesby force. We are more vulnerable than they. Our hopelies in the processes of education at home and abroad.But the Director of the Bureau of the Budget announcedin November that the administration wanted peacetimeconscription to have priority over Federal aid to education; and the appropriation to finance the State Department's interpretation of America abroad was with greatdifficulty raised to $19,000,000, the price of a very smallbattleship.The budget of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, which issupposed to bring peace through education, has been setat $6,000,000, something less than a third of the amountwhich the University of Chicago alone spent every yearduring the war on the development of new weapons ofdestruction.World government, if it is to last, must rest upon worldcommunity. A community rests on communication. Thismeans more than radio, telephones, telegraph, andmovies. It requires a common stock of ideas and ideals.Civilization, in fact, is nothing but the deliberate pursuitof a common ideal. It rests upon a common traditionand upon the recognition of the common humanity of allmembers of the community.If we want peace, then, we must work for a community which shall embrace all men. What is the commonbond that can unite us, what is the common tradition inwhich, whether we know it or not, we all live?I should like tentatively to endorse the suggestion of the delegate from Lebanon to the United Nations, whosaid that the common bond and the common traditionwere most clearly revealed in the great works of the human mind and spirit. He suggested that, if all the peoplesof the earth unite in the study of these great works, aworld community might arise.Plainly the task before us, and it is colossal, is an educational task. We have to educate everybody, of everyage, at home and abroad. And we have five years, moreor less, in which to do it. It looks hopeless, but it is notas bad as it looks.In the first place, we do not know what education canaccomplish, because we have never tried it. The firstthing we should do is to stop wasting our time on vocational training and the frivolities of the so-called collegesof liberal arts.In the second place, the means of communication arenow so numerous, rapid, and cheap that, if we have anything to communicate, we can communicate it to theends of the earth more easily than our ancestors couldhave communicated it from Chicago to Cleveland. Horace Mann established the American common school inMassachusetts a hundred years ago. As Mr. William B.Benton pointed out at the UNESCO conference in Parisin December, Horace Mann must have had more troublein getting in touch with Pittsfield from Boston than hewould now have in reaching London, Calcutta, or evenMoscow.In the third place, we have to develop something tocommunicate that is worth communicating. We must, ofcourse, spread the good news of damnation. But in addition we must have an education that offers some hope oflaying the foundations of a world community.I do not say that the Great Books program upon whichthe University of Chicago and the Encyclopaedia Britannica are now embarked is the only answer to the problemof working out the education the world needs. I do saythat it is directed to this end and that it seems promising.I confidently expect to see 15,000,000 Americans studying the great works of the human mind and spirit withinfive years.The radio programs of the University and the booksand films produced by the Britannica, which go all overthe world, can all be aimed at sowing the seeds of worldcommunity. If one university and two companies affiliated with it can make so large a dent on the difficultiesbefore us, I see no reason to despair if the resourcesof the United States in education and communication canbe mobilized for the job.It is very late; perhaps nothing can save us. But, withthe good news of damnation ringing in our ears, we mayremember the words of William the -Silent, which shouldbe the motto of the educator in any age. He said: "It isnot necessary to hope in order to undertake, or to succeed in order to persevere."ONE MAN'S OPINION® By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, J.D. '22The Medical SchoolAS some of the alumni are inclined occasionally tolament, the University can never be dependedupon to stick to the good old days and ways. Onenotable example of this tendency is the organization ofthe Medical School, now in its twentieth year of operation. This experiment was crystallized in 1916 in theadministration of President Judson, but because ofWorld War I it did not begin to operate until 1927,when the first units of the University Clinics were completed.The idea behind the Medical School was that it shouldhave a staff devoting full time to research and teaching,and with clinical facilities — hospitals and out-patientclinics — as adjuncts to that end.The full-time clinical staff was a departure from theprevailing organization not only of 1916, but of thepresent, for clinical courses in medical schools were andare generally taught by practicing physicians. Teachingin many of these schools is largely by lecture and demonstration, whereas the Chicago school stresses teaching ofstudents at the bedside and in clinics, primarily an apprentice system.Because of the limitations imposed by this method,the classes in the Medical School have to be kept relatively small, not exceeding sixty-five in each freshmanclass, compared to classes of several hundred possibleunder the older method. Also, the Medical School ismore interested in producing graduates concerned withcareers as teachers and investigators than with practice,although its ability to turn out able practitioners has beenadequately demonstrated.The establishment of such a school was not achievedwithout considerable difficulty, for it ran counter to tradition and to commitments of the University. It wasargued that doctors able to implement such a programwould not sacrifice the income they could make in private practice for the markedly lower salaries they wouldget from the University. The medical societies wereapprehensive that the Clinics would develop serious competition with the private practice in the city and disturbthe traditional physician-patient relationship.Finally, the University had since 1898 been closelyaffiliated with Rush Medical College, one of the oldestand most distinguished schools of the country. Thereputation and the relationship raised difficult questions,both of responsibility and of sentiment. The approachto the solution was tentative; in 1929 Mr. Hutchins inherited the responsibility from two previous administrations. There was no resolution until 1941, when theRush faculty decided, among four possibilities, for mergerwith Presbyterian Hospital, Rush's clinical affiliate, andaffiliation with the University of Illinois. Many of the most eminent men of Rush, however, and in particularDr. Frank Billings, were in favor of the new MedicalSchool from the first, and supported it consistently.The future of the school was really determined by thequality of the staff which was originally organized; theireminence guaranteed its success. As the years demonstrated the fact that the Clinics did not interfere withthe private physician, the concern of the professionlargely disappeared. The competence of the graduate?of the School was obvious relatively soon, and now theimportance of the institution in producing teachers andinvestigators, as well as of highly competent practitioners,is universally recognized.Among the reasons for the new organization were therealization that research was passing from the stage ofprimary dependence upon clinical skill to primary dependence on basic science, and the consequent recognition that the full time School would provide a closerintegration and cooperation with the science departmentsof the University. This expectation has been realized,and the reputation of the School as a research centerdemonstrates how well. Most of the clinicians themselves are as competent in basic science as they are intheir specialties.There have been many important results attained inthe Clinics, and the rate of their development is accelerating. Such studies as the role of hormones in certain forms of cancer; the first chemical test to diagnosethat form; the application of mustard gas to the treatment of leukemia; the use of aerosols in the preventionof air-borne disease, the vagus nerve operation for stomach ulcers; the extension of surgical techniques, especiallyin cancer; and the development of the automatic timerfor x-ray photography, which has facilitated such tasksas large scale chest radiography, are among some of themore apparent contributions.The prestige of the School as a medical center is impressive; physicians all over the country are constantlyreferring patients with difficult problems to the Clinicsfor treatment. When a specialized eastern clinic wanteda new head, it came to the Medical School to get him;when the chairman refused, it took another man in thedepartment.Emissaries from various medical schools have beenvisiting Chicago recently to learn how the School operates and to see if their institutions can be similarly organized. In general, they fear the difficulties are too great,although there is agreement that the full-time organization is the kind that progress of medical science requires.It is no beating of the drum to say that there are fewif any institutions in the country which have the independence, the readiness, and the determination to undertake difficult jobs of this kind. The proof of the statement is in the fact that so far only Chicago has achievedwhat the Medical School represents.8HENRY GRATTAN (1746-1820)• By MYLES DILLONheart by the restoration of her right, or cut off thenation's right hand; greatly emancipate, or fundamentally destroy."We may talk plausibly to England, but so long as sheexercises a power to bind this country, so long are thenations in a state of war; the claims of the one go againstthe liberty of the other, and the sentiments of the lattergo to oppose those claims to the last drop of her blood."The English opposition, therefore, are right; meretrade will not satisfy Ireland — they judge of us by othergreat nations, by the nation whose political life has beena struggle for liberty; they judge of us with a trueknowledge of, and a just deference for, our character —that a country enlightened as Ireland, chartered as Ireland, armed as Ireland, and injured as Ireland, will besatisfied with nothing less than liberty."In the 1782 the Irish parliament was declared to besovereign, and here are the words of the triumphantleader, then only 35:"I am now to address a free people: ages have passedaway and this is the first moment in which you could bedistinguished by such an appellation."I have spoken on the subject of your liberty so oftenthat I have nothing to add, and have only to admire bywhat Heaven-directed steps you have proceeded untilthe whole faculty of the nation is braced up to the actof her own deliverance."I found Ireland on her knees, I watched over herwith a paternal solicitude; I have traced her progressfrom injuries to arms, and from arms to liberty. Spiritof Swift, spirit of Molyneux, your genius has prevailed,Ireland is now a nation; in that new character I hail her,and bowing to her august presence, I say Esto perpetua."But Grattan was not content. Parliament might befree, but three-fourths of the people of Ireland were excluded as Catholics from sitting there, were even deprivedTHE NAME that we are honouring tonight recallsa moment in Irish history which is well worthrecalling, for the great affairs of the time, the greatnames of the actors, and the lesson we find there.It was the time of the founding of the United Statesof America, of the declaration of the independence of theIrish parliament in Dublin, of the French Revolution, ofthe Irish Volunteers, the United Irishmen, the Irish rebellion of 1798.With Grattan were associated Lord Charlemont andLord Edward Fitzgerald, Napper Tandy, Wolfe Tone andlater Daniel O'Connell. And against him were Gastle-reagh and Lord Clare. Edmund Burke was in his. glory,and Pitt and Fox were the leaders of public opinion inEngland. The spirit of Swift still brooded over thedebates of the Irish parliament. It was the time whenfreedom was being born again in Europe and here inAmerica.It is true that the people of Ireland were still far fromfreedom, and it is difficult for us now to believe whatwas the common lot of Irish Catholics in those days.And yet a man had arisen in Henry Grattan who spokeand worked for freedom in language so grand, and withsuccess so brilliant at first, that it seemed as though a newIrish nation was to be born of all the suffering that hadgone before, and that Ireland and England might livetogether in peace and charity.Grattan was a great apostle of freedom and he was agreat orator. It was the age of rhetoric, and even now Ithink that you will hear with pleasure some of the famousphrases that he spoke in the Irish House of Commons.You know the story of his political life. It was firsta struggle for the deliverance of the Irish parliament fromEnglish control. The struggle was carried on not only inthe chamber but outside throughout the country by meansof the Irish Volunteers, and it was the Volunteers, led byGrattan and Lord Charlemont, who forced the issue.Here is Grattan's speech:". . . What! are you with 3,000,000 of men at yourback, with charters in one hand and arms in the other,afraid to say you are a free people? Are you, the greatestHouse of Commons that ever sat in Ireland, that want butthis one act to equal that English House of Commonsthat passed the Petition of Right, or that other thatpassed the Declaration of Right, are you afraid to tellthat British Parliament you are a free people? Are thecities and the instructing counties, who have breathed aspirit that would have done honour to old Rome whenRome did honour to mankind, are they to be free byconnivance? . . ."The British minister mistakes the Irish character:had he intended to make Ireland a slave, he should havekept her a beggar; there is no middle policy; win her Myles Dillon, Professorof Celtic and ComparativePhilology, came to Americafrom the National University of Ireland at Dublin in1937 to join the faculty ofthe University of Wisconsinwhere he taught nine yearsbefore coming to Chicagolast October. His father,John Dillon, who died in1927, was one of the leaders of the Irish Party forforty years and one of thefounders of the LandLeague in 1879. "Henry Myles DillonGrattan" is the text of an address given before the Charitable Irish Society of Boston.9of the right to vote or to practice any liberal profession.And he turned his energy to freeing the people as he hadfreed parliament.Year after year he fought for the removal of disabilitiesfrom Catholics, although he was himself a Protestant.However, he was far ahead of his time. The small minority who possessed all the wealth of Ireland and controlledher politics did not dare to grant equality to their Catholic victims.Murmurs were heard that if the Catholic majoritywere to vote and even to send Catholic members intoparliament the only hope for the Protestant ascendancywas to destroy the Irish parliament and send the Irishmembers into the English parliament where there wouldbe no danger of a Catholic majority. So the Irish government proceeded to buy the Irish parliament with bribesof money from the Irish treasury, so as to abolish theparliament and undo the work of Grattan.In despair Grattan resigned. Reading the account, oneis reminded often of the fate of John Redmond morethan 100 years later. On the last day, when the Act ofUnion was before the House, Grattan who had beenelected at midnight, went down to fight in this last battlein defense of Irish independence. Here are his finalwords:"It is for the preservation of her Constitution that Ireland is interested in British wars; she considers the British Empire a great western barrier against invasion fromother countries. Invasion on what? Invasion on herliberties, her rights and privileges; invasion on self -legislation, the parent and protecters of them all. She hearsthe ocean protesting against separation, but she hears thesea protesting against union. She follows therefore herphysical destination when she protests against the twosituations, both equally unnatural, separation and union."But the Act of Union was passed, and for more thana hundred years the struggle was to go on. Indeed it isnot yet over. And Grattan at once began again to fight,this time in the parliament at Westminster. He livedtwenty years more, and on June 4, 1820 he died. He hadgone over to London, in spite of grave illness and theprohibition of his doctors, to move a resolution for Catholic emancipation. But he died without being able toappear in the House and leadership passed into the handsof O' Connell. Grattan was buried in Westminster Abbeybeside the tomb of Charles Fox.Byron, remembering him later, wrote in admiration:Everglorious 'Grattan! the best of the good,So simple in heart, so sublime in the rest,With all which Demosthenes wanted, endued.And his rival, or victor in all he possessed;With the skill of an Orpheus to soften the brute;With the fire of Prometheus to kindle mankind;Even Tyranny listening, sat melted or muteAnd corruption shrank scorched from the glance of his mind.Till now I had envied thy sons and thy shoreThough their virtues were hunted, their liberties fled;There was something so warm and sublime in the coreOf an Irishman's heart that I envy thy dead. Or if aught in my bosom can quench for an hourMy contempt for a nation, so servile though sore,Which, though trod like the worm, will not turn upon power:'Tis the glory of Grattan, the genius of Moore.Grattan is a symbol of the Irish nation as we wouldwish to see it, the image of our ideal : for it was his purpose to show what a parliament of Irishmen, having fullpowers, and representing all the people, could do forIreland. He believed in freedom, and when he claimedreal independence for the Irish parliament, rather thanoccasional concessions, he said in a splendid phrase:"Shall they be free by connivance? Connivance is therelaxation of slavery, not the definition of liberty."And again when he claimed emancipation for theCatholics : "The Irish Protestant can never be a free manwhile the Irish Catholic is a slave." He believed inordered government and in respect for authority, and theapostles of democracy in our own time could learn fromhim and from Edmund Burke in that regard.Grattan was a great orator, and in the moment of histriumph in 1782 his words rang in the hearts of Irishmen throughout the country. When he appeared, brokenin health, before the Speaker's chair in 1800 to make alast protest against the Union — it was utter defeat — therewas a hush of sympathy and admiration:"Yet I do not give up the country: I see her in a swoon,but she is not dead ; though in her tomb she lies helplessand motionless, still there is on her lips a spirit of lifeand on her cheek a glow of beauty :Thou art not conquered; beauty's ensign yetIs crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks,And death's pale flag is not advanced there.'While a plank of the vessel sticks together, I will not leaveher. Let the courtier present his flimsy sail, and carry thelight barque of his faith with every new breath of wind:I will remain anchored here with fidelity to the fortunesof my country, faithful to her freedom, faithful to herfall."And even though he was an orator, he was an honestman, like Demosthenes and Cicero whom he studied andrevered. When jealous rivals sought to undermine hispopularity, he declined to use their weapons, and for atime he suffered. Yet his fame has lasted, while they areforgotten or almost forgotten. And here again we canlearn from him, and we can perhaps find ground for hope.The fact that he is still revered shows that men do recognize honour and know how to prize it.This brings me to the last word I have to say. If weask ourselves why we are come together to honour thememory of Henry Grattan, the answer must be that itis not merely for Grattan's sake, but for our self-esteemas men of Irish blood. We take pride in the fact that hewas a noble character and an Irishman. And it is alawful and wholesome purpose. The self-esteem whichit validates and sustains is no sort of arrogance but rather(Concluded on Page 20)10THE "SPEED" IN GOODSPEED^VThomas W. GoodspeedONLY six years and a few months after the firstUniversity closed because of insolvency the newUniversity of Chicago was in full operation onthe Midway.One of the two spark plugs who put such speed intothis quick changeover was Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed.The other was Frederick T. Gates of the American Baptist Education Society.The story of howthese men, startingfrom $0.00, got amillion dollars, tenacres of swamp land,and such a head ofsteam that it remainedonly for speedy President Harper to swingaboard for a recordrun to the top of theeducational heap, is athriller for anotherpage and occasion.Our story is about theson of Thomas W.Goodspeed, Edgar J.Goodspeed, who inherited his father'sspeed for accomplishing many things in record time.This story opens with the new University in the fallof 1892. Edgar was on hand with an A.B. from DenisonUniversity. By 1898 he had accumulated a B.D. and aPh.D. summa cum laude and had accepted an assistant-ship in the Department of New Testament. (Only oneother summa cum laude has ever been granted by thisDepartment: to Harold R. Willoughby in 1924.)Before assuming his new duties, and at the suggestionof President Harper, Edgar took the next two years tostudy and travel in Europe, Egypt and Palestine. On hisreturn he was promoted to associate in Biblical andPatristic Greek.By 1910, when he was raised to the rank of AssociateProfessor, Dr. Goodspeed had written eleven books,eighty-one articles and collaborated in three books. Onhis way to becoming one of the outstanding Biblicalscholars of the century, Dr. Goodspeed was to continuehis average of a book a year on into retirement.In 1915 he became a full Professor, in 1920 Secretaryto the President and in 1923, when Ernest DeWitt Bur-ton became President, Edgar J. Goodspeed was appointedChairman of the Department of New Testament. Thiswas the year the University Press published a book whichwas to be, by far, its best seller to date : The New Testament — An American Translation,, by Edgar J. Good-speed.Under Dr. Goodspeed's chairmanship the Department of New Testament had nearly a decade and a half ofunparalleled manuscript and textual activity. In 1928he discovered in Paris the unrivalled Codex 2400 of theGreek New Testament. This was published in a deluxefull color edition under the title, The Rockefeller McCormick New Testament, named for Mrs. Edith Rockefeller McCormick who made the purchase of the manuscript possible. Harold R. Willoughby, PhD'24 andDonald W. Riddle, '20, PhD'23, of the Department,collaborated with Dr. Goodspeed on the editing.Later, in a relaxing change of pace, Dr. Goodspeedwrote a mystery story, The Curse in the Colophon, basedon his manuscript adventures with a phantom ship orso to keep the hair vertical.Just ten years ago Dr.Goodspeed reached theUniversity's retirement!age. He and Mrs. Good-speed disposed of theircomfortable home on IWoodlawn near Fifty- Fseventh and left for California. There, on ashaded terrace overlooking the ever green golffairways of the University of California at LosAngeles, they built amodern, picturesque)home from the first storybalcony of which could Ed9ar J" goodspeedbe seen the distant white caps of the Pacific.In the decade since his retirement the title "Emeritus"has never quite caught up with this busy scholar who.simply transfered his headquarters two thousand milessouthwest, continued his teaching, his public lectures(adding a Sunday morning radio program), his research,his writing and his book a year average — at least ninesince 1937.His most recent volume, How to Read the Bible,is crowding the best seller lists.Dr. Goodspeed's Printed RecordBooks written over 50Books, collaboration with others. over 15Articles, in periodicals over 175Articles, in encyclopedias and dictionaries over 60Chapters in other books over 10The- material for this article was edited from a biography of Dr.Edgar J. Goodspeed prepared by Louis B. Jennings, .New TestamentFellow, and a bibliography of the writings of Dr. Goodspeed preparedby James H. Cobb, New Testament Ph.D. candidate. The biography-uibliography honoring the seventy-fifth birthday of jDr. Goodspeedphical Put"(October 23, 1946) will appear in the BibliograNew Testament Literature, 1946. ublication of11THE UNIVERSITY AND UNESCOAt the level ofordinary peopleAt the recent dinner given by the Trustees for members ofthe faculty, newly elected Trustee William B. Benton said:Although I am here as a novice Trustee, as I lookaround at these familiar faces [Benton was formerly aUniversity Vice President] I do not feel like a novice.I know the scene. I have been here before. I am gladto be back.When the then Secretary Byrnes, two daysbefore V-J Day, invitedme to join the Department of State, he re-fered to my early background in the advertisingbusiness. He seemed surprised when I told himthat, if I had qualifications he was seeking, theyderived more from mynine years of off-and-onexperience at the University of Chicago.In retrospect, we areboth right. My experience in advertising was betterpreparation for the pace and pressure of Washington.And while I would not minimize what one can learnabout politics on a university campus, I discovered thatin Washington politics, the arts of persuasion are evenmore important than on the campus.Refering to the kind of environment in which the topofficials of Washington live, someone remarked, "Washington is now the last stronghold of competition." Lifein Washington for me has indeed been competitive; andno one, least of all I, has yet suggested permanent tenure.Persuading, no pushoverI early discovered that my job was not so much todetermine policies and administer an organization — witha budget two or three times as large as the entire StateDepartment of ten years ago — as to persuade a variety ofimportant people that the job ought to be done at all.Among these people are the members of Congress, agroup considerably less tractable than a university boardof trustees. To those of you who may look with jaundicedeye on us overstuffed Trustees, I will assure you we' aregentle pushovers compared to Bob Taft and John TaberWilliam B. BentonAssistant Secretary of State • By WILLIAM B. BENTONof Yale. In Washington, Congress is indeed the boss, theclient and the skeptic, and not the ally and the collaborator as is your Board of Trustees.If my University experience didn't teach me how toget things done, it did help teach me what things oughtto be done. A substantial part of my responsibility is totry to project, on a world basis, many of the very thingsthe University of Chicago does on a local and nationalbasis, on the premise that such things can build peace.Chicago alumni in ParisI returned only recently from the United NationsEducational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Conference in Paris. I discovered at Paris, incidentally, thatmore than a third of the American delegation of someforty-five people were former students or present or former staff members of the University of Chicago. I mayadd that Dean McKeon's contribution was outstandingamong this group.The role of the scholar at Paris bears on a broaderconclusion than I had already reached in Washington:the scholar should never underestimate his role in publicaffairs. That role is to clarify, to provide continuity andperspective, to take the long view and advance the fundamental proposals, and to train people who can do likewise.Not until I came into the State Department did Iappreciate fully the role of the independent scholar andthe outside critic.Hardly time to read a bookI have hardly read a single book since I came into theDepartment, much less Mr. Hutchins' EncyclopaediaBritannica. The Great Books are, unfortunately, toobulky for our bottlenecked Washington administrators.They cannot be reduced to one-page memoranda. Thepolitics of Aristotle is not the politics of Capitol Hill.Harold Swift, I am told, has taken to reading theGreat Books. Laird Bell has been seen with a copy ofMachiavelli's Prince under his arm. Dutch [Hermon D.]Smith and John Nuveen have been heard disputing apoint out of the learned Saint. That makes these men,by my Washington standards, scholars as well as gentlemen.For my part I barely have time, in a fifteen hour working day, to struggle through the daily torrent of what Ibelieve are known in the Great Books as contingentsingular problems. I hope this confession will not meanmy forced resignation from the Board.What is true of me is true today of most of the responsible officers of the State Department, and indeed of theGovernment.12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13Scholars must influence politicsThe problem is to find more effective channels forbringing the contribution of the scholar and the scientist— and the philosopher — to bear on the formation ofpolicy, and at the same time to preserve the scholar'sindependence and objectivity. At the Trustees' Dinnerlast year, Mr. Hutchins made dramatically clear the imperative necessity, in today's world, for finding answersto that problem. The men and women of the universities,as never before, must be in the world of politics, thoughnot of it.I am hopeful, for example, that many university peoplewill find it possible to participate actively in our StateDepartment's bilateral cultural relations program, andin UNESCO on a leave-of-absence basis. This is the bestchance for the Department and for UNESCO to availthemselves of top talent and to avoid the curses of tenure—applied to bureaucrats, of course, and not scholars.Even such activities, constructive as they are, are not,I regret to say, wholly above politics.The politics in UNESCOThe UNESCO Conference was not merely a conference on education, science and culture. It was in a realsense a political conference.By "political conference" I do not mean that the delegates played politics as they would at the Christmasmeeting of a learned society or as professors are saidto do on the Midway. I mean that, behind many of theassembled scholars, scientists, educators, and administrators of cultural agencies stood governments seeking toadvance and protect specific national interests.There was perhaps less jockeying for national advantage than you would find at most intergovernmentalconferences. In part, the jockeying took the the mild formof competition for prestige. But, in the larger view, itseemed to me it demonstrated that power in today'sworld is not merely economic power and military might.Power also lies. in the field of ideas. As old empires loseeconomic and military power, and as new ones emerge,they are eager to gain strength on this new frontier- — thefrontier of the mind.The fact that national interests were at work, even inUNESCO, does not mean that UNESCO will fail in itsefforts to. break down misunderstandings among peoplesand to foster positive understanding. It does mean thatthe job will be long and hard and we had best recognizethe fact.UNESCO can dispell suspicious fogUNESCO obviously is not going to bring about, in afew years, the moral, spiritual and intellectual revolutionthat Mr. Hutchins tells us is required by the age aheadof us. But it is equally clear that it can now move confidently toward a more modest goal: to help dispel, insome degree, the unwarranted fears, suspicions andhatreds that hang like a fog over the world today. No unsolved disagreements bedeviled the Paris sessions. The closest approach to one was raised by the representative of Yugoslavia, Mr. Ribnikar. He enquiredwhether UNESCO proposed to develop a philosophy ofits own, which would exclude or even combat the philosophy of dialectical materialism, and which it wouldseek to impose on all peoples.In my opening speech to the Conference, the day afterMr. Ribnikar first spoke, I was able to say, "UNESCOdoes not believe and cannot believe that peace is to beobtained through the intellectual and cultural subjugation of the world by any single political philosophy orthrough the conversion of the world to any single religious faith."UNESCO is founded on the belief that neither theforced unification of the world of the spirit, nor theforced standardization of the world of the mind, cangive men peace, but only a world democracy of mind aswell as spirit."Cultural democracy implies cultural integrity, as truepolitical democracy implies the freedom of the personand his personal integrity and self respect."The cultural democracy which UNESCO proposes is ademocracy of mind and spirit in which every cultureshall be free to live and develop in itself and in the greatcommunity of common culture. Free men do not fearideas; free men are not afraid of thought; free men areeager to confront the differences and rich varieties thatlife presents and to determine for themselves the thingsthey take as true. This, from the beginning, has beenthe path of freedom."Russia was officially absentMr. Ribnikar's question, however, may have a bearingupon the decision of the Soviet Union to join UNESCO.Russia was officially absent from the Conference.While there is great and useful work for UNESCOto do through its present roster of members, it cannotrealize its full potentialities unless and until the SovietUnion constructively joins in the work.John P. Howe, '27, Special Assistant to Mr. Benton, who was at the Paris Conference, writes: "Ithought I had a good picture for you in Paris. Aphotographer took a number of pictures of ourAmerican Delegation which numbered some forty-five people. I suggested that those present whowere alumni or present or former staff members ofthe University line up for a picture. About fourteenlined up ¦ — including Arthur Compton, RichardMcKeon, A. J. Brumbaugh, Walter Laves, Mr. Benton, Charles Johnson, President of Fisk University,Kermit Eby of the CIO and Herbert Abraham.President George Stoddard, of the University ofIllinois, remarked, "Now, how about a picture of thehandful of us who aren't from the University ofChicago." John adds the picture was double exposed and we hasten to conclude this is symbolicalof nothing.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEA bird sanctuary was in the bagThere never had been any shortage of suggestions foraction by UNESCO. Proposals had come in by the bagfulfor a year — many of them excellent We heard fromthe proponents of a world language, a world university,a new calendar. The proposals ranged all the way fromthe establishment of a bird sanctuary on Heligoland to afrontal attack on rebuilding both the educational andcommunications facilities of the worldThe first task of the Conference was to agree upon aprinciple of priorities. This is a chance a university hasonly at its inception.The decision taken was this projects should be few innumber, every project must be tested by its feasibility,every project must further be tested by the questionWill this contribute directly and significantly to the causeof peace through understanding9Certain recommendations were common to all the sub-commission reports Each of them developed plans forthe exchange of students and specialists, for the convening of international meetings; and for the creation,as needed, of new international associations of specialists. Such exchanges, if they are undertaken on a reallylarge scale, can clearly contribute to peace through understandingDealing with illiteracyPerhaps the most ambitious single project was onethat came out of the education subcommission • a worldwide attack on the problem of illiteracy and the establishment of minimum standards everywhere.This is a revolutionary undertaking but it lies at theheart of UNESCO's long range effort. If UNESCO cancontribute substantially to its solution it will have justified its existence through this effort alone.Well over half the world's population is illiterate. Canthe world achieve peace through understanding in theabsence of the simplest tools of understanding, the ability to read and write?Illiterate men are pawns in a power struggle They arealso victims of an inequality so grave as to constitute athreat to peace. It is hoped that UNESCO will create astaff of its own, supplemented by experts from manynations, to recommend programs for combatting illiteracy; to develop educational materials; and to determinehow best to use books, pictures, films and radio, as wellas the school room.A recommendation made by Dr. Charles Johnson,President of Fisk University and one of Chicago's Ph D 's[see Editor's Memo Page for February] became the toppriority project of the social scientists I think I detectin it the influence of Will Ogburn's department [of Sociology at the University] . Under it UNESCO will undertake a study of the psychological and social tensions thatlead to war. Tropical diseases and resourcesAn example from the subcommission on the naturalsciences is the proposed International Institute of theAmazon This proposes bringing together scientists frommany nations and from many fields of science to studythe problems of food, disease and natural resources of atropical area.It is clear that science, and scientific ways of thinking, have a major, a crucial role in education for international understanding Cooperative projects involvingthe collaboration of scientists of many nations are helpfulby the very fact of collaboration, even though the projects may have no direct bearing on peace or on the willto peace among people generally.Cancer?At some point, of course, the yardstick must be invoked.Does UNESCO, for example, have any direct concernwith research on cancer9I fear that many scientists at Paris, who hoped thatUNESCO might be the chief agency for coordinatinginternational scientific activities, including scientific research as such, came away feeling that the budget allottedfor science was inadequate to such a purpose, and thatanother organization specifically designed to the end ofadvancing international scientific research, as such, mightbe needed UNESCO should increasingly stress this fieldwith the passage of the years.Hollywood?The mass media proposals were of especial interestWe had been told that many nations feared that the development of the mass media would lead to what theycalled "American cultural imperialism." We discoveredthat American cultural imperialism, to the scholars aswell as the politicians, largely means Hollywood motionpictures.The American delegation arrived in Paris determinedto press for maximum use of motion pictures, radio andthe press, not as instruments of entertainment but mtheir potential role as magnificent and unprecedentednew instruments in the pursuit of peace.We were delighted to find that, far from being coolto the mass media in this role, other nations began totake the lead.UNESCO will undertake a major effort to reduce thebarriers that now obstruct the free flow of communications among people by way of the mass media We knowfrom bitter experience that even highly literate peoples,when they are cut off from a full, honest and continuousaccount of developments among other peoples, can bepropagandized and bullied into aggressive belligerencyIn cooperation with the United Nations, UNESCOwill explore the possibility of creating a world-widebroadcasting network, under international auspices.(Concluded on Page 22)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES• By JEANNETTE LOWREYDr. Charles B. HugginsCancer problem overripe todayIn a nation of two chickens for every pot, two familiesfor every apartment, and perhaps two atomic bombs forevery block, just the desire to solve a problem in medicineis not enough, Dr. Charles B. Huggins, University of Chicago cancer authority, declared.Speaking before the Citizens Board at its monthly meeting, Dr. Huggins, discoverer of a control for cancer ofthe prostate gland and a chemical test to detect thepresence of cancer, stated that there are urgent mattersahead of the scientist in the field of malignant tissue."All the money and scientists 100 years ago could nothave solved the cancer problem, but the problem is overripe today. Sciences associated with medicine must besufficiently developed that some sort of a logical attackcan be made with the expectations of reasonably goodresults."The cancer problem is grim," the 1943 recipient ofthe Charles L. Mayer award from the National Academyof Science, continued. "About 160,000 of our citizens dieof cancer each year. The phobia of ham-and-eggs relationship of cancer and death is not strictly justified, however. Death need not be inevitably consequent uponcancer. "The question, Will there ever be a cancer cure?, isdialectically inadequate, for there are hundreds of curesevery year by surgical treatment of early cancer. A moreproper statement of the question is, Will there ever be acure for advanced cancer?"Scientists shy away from this question like super-sophisticated sophists because they don't like the wordcure," Dr. Huggins continued. "The word is not conservative enough. ."The only significant work in cancer today is research.A few important things can be done for certain advancedcancers of man as the result of work in the researchlaboratories."The saving of a few thousand lives each year, how- *ever, pales in significance with the potential implied in theinvestigation and discoveries which are proceeding apaceat the frontiers of the unknown and which must be prosecuted with greater vigor."Cancer is unique among the ills of the body," Dr.Huggins stated. "In cancer, man is consumed by his ownflesh."Although not a single experiment on cancer done before 1900 has been beneficial, a creditable amount of goodresearch has been done on the problem during the last 40 •years."There have been three main phases of interest in experiments since the turn of the century with researchersstudying the nature of the cancer cell, how it may berecognized, and how it may be killed. The most fruitfulresearches seem to have been in the field of hormonalrelationship to cancer."The hormones are chemical messengers, substancesproduced by one organ of the body which act on anotherorgan at a remote distance. They are internal secretions,and the glands which produce them are technically calledthe endocrine glands. For example, the pancreas produces a very celebrated secretion called insulin, whichcontrols the burning of sugar to produce heat and energy.Failure of the body to produce insulin causes diabetes."The pituitary produces many hormones such as thegrowth hormones which causes the growth of the bone.Too much results in a giant; too little causes a dwarf."The sex glands, too, produce hormones of very greatsignificance. These are the hormones which are responsible for adult life, or puberty and normal adult development, both in male and female. They act on certainremote structure which are 'target areas!'"The male hormone was first discovered at the University of Chicago in 1927. The target area was the cock'scomb. When the sex glands were removed from a leghornrooster with fully developed comb and wattles, the comband wattles decreased in size to the extent that therooster resembled a hen. The same castrated animal,15given male hormones, was restored to its pristine elegance.A new-born female chicken, given male hormones on itssecond day in life, produced a growth of comb andwattles on its thirteenth day."Hormones can induce growth at remote areas in aremarkable way," Dr. Huggins stated. "Since hormonesproduce growth and since cancer is a problem of growth,there is a very intimate association between the two."Study on the heredity of cancer in mice at the University resulted in the knowledge that the hereditaryinfluence passed only through the females, not the males,and that something in the mother's milk is predisposed tocancer," Dr. Huggins stated."A second line of investigation at the University hasbeen to find improved methods of recognition of cancer.Physicians were handicapped with no very good tests forcancer. They had blood tests for syphilis, but were relyingon symptoms and examinations for cancer — a crudemethod since cancer quite often develops insidiously anda person feels well until cancer is sometimes far advanced."A blood test was necessary," Dr. Huggins continued."We have been able with the Billings test to diagnose mostcases of cancer of the prostate gland. It is also possiblewith the test to make a diagnosis by remote control —without seeing the patient."Administration of the female sex hormone to thepatient with cancer of the prostate is also now a standardtreatment."In Chicago, because of the generosity of philanthropists, a continued comprehensive attack on the diseasehas been made possible with the establishment of the newNathan Goldblatt Memorial as the center of the studyof the disease," Dr. Huggins continued. "The clinicalfacilities for cancer are a valuable asset and will be ofgreat service to those in need of treatment. An even moreimportant result, however, is that the hospital as a teaching and research institution will be the focus of the broadcancer research effort which is being carried on by theUniversity in the clinical and basic sciences."Advances in chemical researchThe new compound, lithium aluminum hydride, whichis creating a great deal of interest in both academic andindustrial chemical circles, is the discovery of two University of Chicago chemists — Professor H. I. Schlesinger andA. E. Finholt, Ph.D. '46, research assistant.The compound, which will be useful in both organicand inorganic chemistry, as well as in the field of industrial chemistry, was discovered in June, 1945, when thechemists were working on a navy project.The practical importance of the discovery lies in thefact that the new compound is an extraordinarily effective reducing agent. In the field of inorganic chemistry,its use has already led, not only to the discovery of othertypes of hydrogen compounds, but also to new preparative methods of general applicability, far more simple than the older ones. As a result some compounds, whichformerly were essentially chemical curiosities, have becomereadily available for research and may find practicalusefulness.The applications of organic chemistry, which cover avery wide range, are now being more fully explored byWeldon G. Brown, Professor of Chemistry, and Robert F.Nystrom, graduate student. It seems likely that the newcompound will be a valuable tool in the synthesis of hormones, vitamins and pharmaceuticals of various types.A particularly interesting application, although not yetfully worked out, is in the field of "tracer" chemistry.By introducing radioactive carbon (carbon 14.) intoorganic compounds the chemist is aided in following thecourse of chemical reactions of carbon compounds, andthe biochemist and physiologist in discovering what arethe chemical changes occurring in metabolic processes.Carbon 14 is usually obtained as carbon dioxide or oneof its salts, and in this form is difficult to build up intothe carbon compounds the organic chemist needs to studyinto various substances — participating in life processes.To use carbon 14 as a tracer, the carbon dioxide must firstbe reduced; the new compound promises to be a moreefficient means of accomplishing this result.A second project in fundamental research, conductedby Schlesinger, also has practical applications. The armyneeded a simple method for generating hydrogen for balloons used in obtaining data for weather forecasting inout of the way spots such as the Arctic region, deserts,or far away islands where the transportation of hydrogentanks was difficult.Schlesinger, who has worked chiefly with compoundscontaining hydrogen and boron for the past 15 years,developed a new boron compound for this purpose. Bydropping a small amount of water on only 2-3 of a poundof this new compound, contained in a small, lightweightgenerator, a 25 cubic foot meteorological balloon can befilled with hydrogen in a few minutes.It's a boys' year at Lying-inWith the boys outranking by 71 the number of girlsborn at Chicago Lying-in Hospital and Dispensary at theUniversity of Chicago, statistics show 3,533 babies wereborn at the University maternity hospital during the pastfiscal year.Although the total number of babies born was downnine percent from the hospital's all-time high record of3,813 births in 1942-43, the hospital provided service tomore patients this year than any other year in its history.Five thousand, three hundred and twenty-two adultswere admitted, Dr. William J. Dieckmann, chief of service, reported in his annual report. Of the 5,322 patients,4,432 were obstetrical cases and 890 gynecological cases.Of the 3,533 babies, 1,802 were boys and 1,731 weregirls. Forty sets of twins were included in the 1945-46year.16THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17Only one maternal death occurred at the hospital. Thisdeath, marring the two-year perfect mortality rate of thehospital, was classified, however, as non-obstetric and non-preventable by the Chicago Maternal Welfare Committee."The case," Dr. Dieckmann stated, "was an unusualone, and belonged in a research hospital such as Lying-in.The low mortality rate for patients seen in Chicago Lying-in clinic will continue, but the gross rate may be higher.The hospital, a research and teaching institution, hasrequested doctors to send to it patients who have puerperal fever or eclampsia."Extensive research in the fields of eclampsia and puerperal fever, the two great threats to modern childbirth, isunderway at the hospital. The research was made possibleby gifts to the hospital during its 50th anniversary lastyear.In discussing recent trends in hospital practices, Dr.Dieckmann stated that early ambulation is again beingtried in both obstetric and surgical cases at ChicagoLying-in."A limited number of normal obstetric patients arepermitted out of bed 72 hours after delivery. The hospital has also had gynecologic patients, some 65 years orolder, who were out of bed 24 hours after operation."Keeping the baby with its mother and having themother care for the baby from the beginning is also beingtried at Chicago Lying-in Hospital on a limited scale,"Dr. Dieckmann stated. "Changes must be made slowlyin order that proven safety measures are not discarded."Other innovations in practice at Chicago Lying-in thisyear include: three full-time nutritionists, in addition tothe dietitians, to supervise the value of diet in pregnancy,chest plates for all patients instead of chest fluoroscopy,and periodic studies of the number of bacteria in the airin the hospital as a result of oiling the linen to decreasebacteria. This latter study is a continuation of the armywork of Dr. Oswald H. Robertson, professor of medicine,who conducted experiments in army barracks to reducecontagion."With service more than 40 percent heavier than in1940, additional subsidiary personnel for the hospital isimperative," Dr. Dieckmann stated."The medical staff, which has always been adequate totake care of many more hospital patients, is not now supplemented by the necessary attendants. Nurses returningfrom war service have not come back into hospital positions, and the volunteers who gave generously duringthe war have returned to the pressure of other responsibilities.Only six thousand hours were given by volunteers lastyear at Lying-in in comparison with the 15,509 hours ofservice donated by the Red Cross aides and universitycommunity volunteers in 1944. Cyril O. HouleMore than $39,900 in gifts were presented to ChicagoLying-in Hospital by the Mothers' Aid. The gifts weremade possible principally from the revenue of the Mothers' Aid businesses — the Gift Shop and the two books,Our Baby's First Seven Years Record Book and therecently published Scrap Book.Cyril O. Houle — Man of the YearCyril O. Houle, Deanof University College,was named the outstanding young man of Chicago for 1946 by theChicago Junior Association of Commerce.The citation to themost distinguished individual under 36 years ofage in the Chicago areawas made to Houle forhis work in adult education, and was the secondaward in two years to aUniversity of Chicagoaffiliate. Last year Glenn T. Seaborg, who was on leaveto the University's metallurgical laboratory from theUniversity of California, was the recipient.Houle, who was first appointed to the Midway facultyin 1939, was made an Associate Professor and Dean ofthe Downtown College and the Home Study Program inJune, 1945.Under him, University College inaugurated this yeara four-year basic program of liberal education for adults,a University Forum program, and a chamber music series,one of the few regularly presented chamber music concerts open to the public in the Chicago area.In addition to his University College work, Houle ispresident of the Illinois Adult Education Association anda vice-president of the department of adult education ofthe National Education Association. He is also on theboard of directors of the reorganized State Street BostonStore and the University Chicago Settlement and is amember of the committee on education of the Metropolitan Housing Council, the executive committee of division three of the Council of Social Agencies, the budgetreviewing committee of the Community Fund, and theexecutive committee of the U.S.O. for Chicago.His recent work with the American Council on Education, entailing a detailed study of the armed services andadult education, will be published soon.Thirty-three years old, Houle holds three universitydegrees. He received his doctor of philosophy degree fromthe University of Chicago in 1940 and his master's degreeand bachelor's degree from the University of Florida.18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENew eye helps stellar studyThe new astronomical eye, the infrared spectrometerwhich was heralded in Boston last month by the AmericanAstronomical Society as one of the most powerful toolsfor astronomical research, was designed by Gerard P.Kuiper, Professor of Astronomy at the University ofChicago.The new instrument has already been use to spot thingsnever seen before on the planets Venus and Saturn andmay prove to be the necessary tool for solving the mystery of the green spots on Mars.The result of intensive war research, the instrument'selectrical parts were built by R. J. Cushmand and WallaceWilson, physicists at Northwestern University. The instrument records infrared, or heat rays, and is 1,000 timesmore sensitive than any previous instrument.The instrument was first put on the 82-inch telescopeat McDonald Observatory at the University of Texas, onthe night of December 16 and it has been in constantoperation since.The heat spectra of many stars have been recorded andseveral planets have been investigated. The 700°F. heatfrom Mercury, the closest planet to the sun, shows up asa very strong signal in the new instrument. Venus, secondfrom the sun, shows seven enormously strong absorptionbands due to carbon dioxide situated near 1.6 and 2.1microns. The existance of this gas on Venus had beenknown for years, but the seven strong bands observedhad never been seen before in the Venus spectrum.Saturn shows very heavy bands due to methane andammonia, which distort the whole spectrum up to 2.5microns ,% The identification and analysis of these newmolecular bands in the planets and stars will be facilitated by the use of another new instrument — a laboratory apparatus built by Gerhard Herzberg, professor ofspectroscopy, to imitate conditions of planetary atmospheres.The possibility of finding out whether the green spotson Mars are vegetation and whether its white polar capconsists of ordinary snow and ice has been opened upwith the new instrument. Further study of the unsolvedproblem of Mars will be made next fall and winter bythe astronomers.McKeon resigns as DeanRichard P. McKeon, Professor of Greek and Philosophyand Dean of the Division of Humanities for the past 12years, has resigned his administrative post to devote full-time to his academic work at the University. His resignation as Dean will be effective June 30.Renowned for his thorough scholarship and for the clarity of his insight into philosophy. Dean McKeon has beenactive in recent international affairs. He served as advisorto the United States delegation attending the UnitedNations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization meeting in Paris last December, and he is Chairmanof the Committee to Frame a World Constitution. Dean McKeon attended Columbia University, wherehe received his bachelor's degree in February, 1920, andhis master's degree in October. After graduate study atthe University of Paris and the Ecole de Haute Etudes,Dean McKeon joined the Columbia faculty. He receivedhis Ph.D. degree three years later, in 1928. In 1934 hecame to the University of Chicago as a visiting professorand the following year he was appointed to head theDivision of the Humanities.He edited The Basic Works of Aristotle, 1941, and is amember of the board of editors of Classical Philology andJournal of History of Ideas.National associations honor faculty menOn the New Year, honors came in triplicate to PaulH. Douglas, Professor of Economics. He was electedPresident of the American Economic Society, the highesthonor the association can pay one of its members, at theJanuary meeting. He was presented the 1946 distinguished service award by the Chicago association ofPhi Beta Kappa. And he was promoted to a lieutenantcolonel in the United States Marine Corps Reserves forheroic achievement in action.Other members of the University of Chicago facultywho were elected to top offices in national associations atannual winter meetings were : President Ernest C. Colwell,president of the Society of Biblical Literature; Charles S.Barrett, professor in the Institute for the Study of Metals,president of the American Society for X-Ray and Electron Diffraction; Louis Wirth, Professor of Sociology,president of the American Sociological Society, and OttoStruve, Diector of Yerkes Observatory, president of theAmerican Astronomical Society.Other newly elected officers include : Ernest W. Burgess, Chairman of the Department of Sociology, memberof the Social Science Research Council for 1947-49; William Burrows, Professor of Bacteriology, chairman of thegeneral section of the Society of American Bacteriologists;C. F. Chizek, Associate Professor of Accounting, secretary-treasurer of the American Accounting Association;Myles Dillon, Professor of Celtic and Comparative Philology, vice-president of the Linguistic Society of America;Dr. C. G. Huff, Professor of Parasitology, vice presidentof the American Society of Parasitologists; Ezra J. Kraus,Chairman of the Department of Botany, honorary vice-president of the American Forestry Association; Paul A.Weiss, Professor of Zoology, chairman of the committee ongeneral policies of science of the American Association forthe Advancement of Science; A. N. Wilder, Professor ofNew Testament Interpretation, associate in council of theSociety of Biblical Literature and of the National Association of Biblical Instructors.T. Nelson Metcalf, Chairman of the Department ofPhysical Education, was made a member of the UnitedStates Olympic Committee for the 1948 games and chairman of the special committee to draw up rules for theguidance of Games Committee.STUDENTS AND ACTIVITIES© By William C. Montgomery, '41Bob Reed and his Australia interestGaugin's handsome natives and Somerset Maugham'sromantic tales of the South Sea Islands are viewed sourlytoday by many Americans. For some, the barest mention of the South Pacific calls up a faint nausea.Bob Reed, our student for this month, can sympathize,but he wasn't looking for enchanting isles in the firstplace, and he does have a deep interest in the peoplesand civilizations of Australasia. In fact, he pursuedhis interest to the extent of going to Australia last summer for a course in colonial administration, and he plansto return after taking his degree here.Bob was born and raised in Pittsburgh, and after finishing his high school education at Mount LebanonHigh he worked for U. S. Steel until he entered theArmy in 1943. Then came Australia.He spent three months on the island-continent itselfand much time in the surrounding territories beforegoing to the Philippines, where he was seriously woundedin a night skirmish during the recapture of the islands.He lost his hand as a result of the wound, and was discharged from an Army hospital in August, 1945. Heentered the University of Chicago the following October,one of the first of the returning veterans.Australia, however, was not forgotten. Bob finally gothis chance to return when the Australian governmentoffered a three-month course in colonial administration.His entrance application was accepted and he sailed toSydney in June of 1946.The school he attended is called the Australian Schoolof Pacific Administration. It is a new enterprise, designedto train students from all over the world for the difficultjob of governing the Southern mandates. The courseconsists of three months instruction, 18 months of fieldwork in the territories and a final 18 months of instruction at the new National University in Canberra, whichawards a Bachelor's degree in Colonial Administration.Bob didn't spend all of his time down-under in theclassroom. He travelled to Brisbane and Canberra making a survey of the Australian labor situation, talked topublishers about expansion in the magazine field, metDr. Evatt and Mr. Chifley, the new Prime Minister, andbecame well acquainted with the secretary of the SouthSea Islands Commission. This Commission was formallyset up last month to integrate the whole Southwest Pacific into one economic whole in order to facilitate thesocial, political and economic development of the area.The United States, Great Britain, France, Holland,Portugal, Australia and New Zealand are member nations.Bob re-entered the University this quarter after returning to the States in time for Christmas. He is majoring in Anthropology, with extra-curricular excursions into the American Veterans Committee and the WorldStudent Service Fund. He will graduate next fall witha PhB, and then he expects to sail for Australia and ajob as a colonial administrator with the South Sea IslandsCommission.Homecoming March 8The Student Athletic Promotion Board and the Student Social Committee have announced another revival:Homecoming, the first since football was discontinued.The basketball team will play its last home game onMarch 8 against Beloit, and homecoming activities willcenter around the game and the C-dance which willfollow it.Large-scale festivities will have to be by-passed forthis initial affair, but entertainment at the half is promised, the dance will be a big affair, and Coach NelsNorgren and his cage squad will be introduced to theassembly during the intermission at the dance.All alumni are cordially invited to attend, and a specialticket admitting them to both game and dance will beon sale for $1.60. Game time is 8 p. m. The dancefollows at "9: 30.A special committee drawn from the Athletic Promotion Board and the Social Committee will handle thedetails of the program. Nick Melas, Phi Gam, IronMask and three letter winner will represent the Promotion Board on the special committee, and John Petty,Phi Psi, will represent the Social Committee.Washington PromThe printer's deadline prevents an on-the-spot reportof the Washington Prom. Two ball rooms at the Shore-land Hotel were employed. Lawrence Welk and hisChampagne Rythm furnished the music. Pete Gunnar,Lou Fitzgerald, Dick Gibbs, Muriel Abrams, Ed Mc-Gowan, Sid Lezak, Chuck Reeves, Tom Nehil and SueHindle were the principal figures behind all the necessary preparations.The late Mr. QuadPoor Mr. Quad! He never asked to be on the NewYear cover of the Magazine. His creator planned thatMr. Quad would live only in the depths of the studentyearbook with many sheets about his semi-nakedness(see The Editor's Memo Pad). Now, after his briefperiod of exposure, he will be no more. It takes nearlyfive thousand dollars these days to publish a Cap andGown (to have been known as The Quadrangle^)].There wasn't that much money in sight when' DeansStrozier ancf Bergstresser reviewed the budget in mid-February. Result: no year book and no Mr. Quad.19HENRY GRATTAN(Continued from Page 10)the foundation of a sense of honour, of the recognitionof virtue. But it carries with it an obligation.If we have the right, and perhaps the duty, to dohonour to the names of such at Grattan and the long lineof famous men from Hugh O'Neill and Hugh O'Donnellthrough Owen Roe and Sarsfield and Swift and Grattanand O'Connel and Davis and Parnell and Davitt, we havealso the duty of holding them in our hearts as examples,of seeking, in whatever measure falls to us, to show thatfreedom and justice are the ideals that we stand for.There was never a time in recent history when thoseideals were so dishonoured as now, never a time of greater opportunity for men of integrity to stand upon principle at the cost of immediate advantage.I would like to think that in the United States, whereIreland is so strongly represented, the leaven of Irishmenamong the people will work steadily, strongly, unceasingly, for peace, freedom, and justice in the times ahead.Yeats, in one of his last poems, has left us a testimonywhich I like to quote:Sing the lords and ladies gayThat were beaten into the clayThrough seven heroic centuries;Cast your mind on other daysThat we in coming days may beStill the indomitable Irishry. HONORED BY FRANCEIn a candle lit banquet hall with two hundred friends around her,Elizabeth Wallace, Professor Emeritus ofFrench Literature, received the French Legionof Honor in Minneapolis recently.Consul General J. J.Viala, who made thepresentation, said, "Iwish to convey the appreciation of the Frenchgovernment and all ofmy countrymen whohave benefited from the work of Elizabeth Wallace.Hundreds of thousands of children made homeless during the last war were able, through Miss Wallace's efforts, to find again their families and homes."Miss Wallace is chairman of the Minnesota unit ofAmerican Aid for France, Inc. Miss Wallace workedin France during the first world war and led her stateduring the late war in ministering to the needs of theFrench people.Elizabeth WallaceMARCH CALENDARSaturday, March 1VARSITY TRACK MEET-University of Chicago and WheatonCollege. 3 P.M. Fieldhouse, 56th Street and University Avenue.Free.GYMNASTICS MEET-University of Chicago, Indiana University,University of Minnesota. 2 P.M. Bartlett Gym, 57th Street andUniversity Avenue. Free.BASKETBALL GAME-University of Chicago -Knox College.Field House, 56th Street and University Avenue. 8 P.M. $1.00,tax included.Monday, March 3SIGNIFICANT FILMS-'United States", James W. Brown, discussion leader. 5:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La SalleStreet. 50c, tax included.LECTURE-"The United States and the First World War", Walter Johnson (History). 7:30 P.M. University College, 19 SouthLa Salle Street. 90c, tax included.Tuesday, March 4LECTURE— "The Architecture of the Midwest", Rexford Newcomb, dean of the College of Fine and Applied Arts, Universityof Illinois. 7:30 P.M., 32 West Randolph Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE— "The Supreme as Mutable— Immutable Person, Analytic Version of the Two-Aspect View: Fetcher, Whitehead,Montague", Charles Hartshorne (Philosophy). 8 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE— "The Islamization of Southeast Asia", Kenneth Lan-don (History of Religion) Haskell Lecture. 4:30 P.M. OrientalInstitute, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.LECTURE-"The United States and the First World War", Walter Johnson (History). 11 A.M. University College, 19 SouthLa Salle Street. 90c, tax included. Tuesday, March 4LECTURE-"What We Believe About the Church", Dr. BernardIddings Bell. Auspices of the Canterbury Club. 8:30 P.M. 1420East 56th Street. Free.Wednesday, March 5LECTURE-'Herman Melville: Reality in Symbols", Walter Blair(English). 7:30 P.M. Social Science Building, 1126 East 59thStreet. 82c, tax included.LECTURE-CONCERT— "Ornamentation and Expression in Baroque Music", Siegmund Levarie (Music). Illustrative worksplayed by Dorothy Lane, harpsichord; Emil Eck, flute; JerrySirucek, oboe. Works by Vivaldi, Boccherini, C.P.E. Bach, andRameau. 8:15 P.M. Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Avenue.$1.50, tax included.Thursday, March 6LECTURE-DISCUSSION-'Tabor and the Community", Saul Alin-sky, technical consultant for the Back of the Yards Council andAbe Plotkin, midwestern representative, International Ladies'Garment Workers' Union, discussion leaders. 7:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c.LECTURE-'Toetry and Modern Life", Paul Engle, poet. Alsoselected readings. Moody Lecture. 8:30 P.M. Mandel Hall, 57thStreet and University Avenue. Free.Friday, March 7LECTURE— "Power and Authority", Mortimer J. Adler (Philosophy of Law). 7:30 P.M. 32 West Randolph Street. $1.50.UNIVERSITY CONCERT-Raya Garbousova, violincello; ErichItor Kahn, piano. Works of Valentini, Schumann, Beethoven,Hindemuth, Debussy, and Chopin. 8:30 P.M. Mandel Hall,57th Street and University Avenue. $1.20, tax included.TRACK MEET-University of Chicago, Northern Illinois Teachers. 4 P.M. Field House, 56th Street and University AvenueFree.20Saturday, March 8HOMECOMINGVARSITY FENCING MEET-University of Chicago, University ofWisconsin. 2 P.M. Bartlett Gym, 57th Street and UniversityAvenue. Free.BASKETBALL-University of Chicago, Beloit College. 8 P.M.Field House, 56th Street and University Avenue. $1.00, tax included.HOMECOMING C DANCE-Ida Noyes Hall, 59th and Woodlawn.9:30 P.M. Special ticket for basketball game and dance— $1.60.Monday, March 10SIGNIFICANT FILMS-"Mary Visits Poland" and "Peoples of theSoviet Union", Lyle F. Stewart, discussion leader. 5:30 P.M.University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 50c, tax included.I,ECTURE-"The United States and the Peace", Walter Johnson,History). 7:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street.90c, tax included.Tuesday, March 11LECTURE-"The Midwest in the Nation and the World", Stanley Pargellis, librarian for the Newberry Library. 7:30 P.M.-Newberry Library, 60 West Walton Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE-"God and the World, God Is The World, the Worldin God, Which?" Charles Hartshorne (Philosophy). 8 P.M.University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c, tax included.LECTURE-"The United States and the Peace", Walter Johnson(History). 11 A.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street.90c, tax included.LECTURE-'Westernization and Modern Trends in SoutheastAsia", Kenneth Landon (History of Religion). Haskell Lecture.4:30 P.M. Oriental Institute, 1155 East 58th Street. Free.LECTURE-"What We Believe About the Sacraments", Dr. Bernard Iddings Bell. Auspices of the Canterbury Club. 8:00 P.M.1420 East 56th Street. Free.Wednesday, March 12LECTURE— "Businessmen and Free Enterprise," Laird Bell, Trustee for the University of Chicago. 7:30 P.M. 32 West RandolphStreet. $1.20, tax included.Thursday, March 13LECTURE-DISCUSSION— "The Meaning of Full Employment",Michael Mann, secretary, Chicago Area Council, C.I.O., and PaulRusso, Assistant regional director, U.A.W.-C.I.O. discussion leaders. 7:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 75c,tax included.Friday, March 14DANCE SERIES-"The Grammar of Classic Ballet", Ann Barzel,lecturer. Demonstration by a group of Chicago dancers. MandelHall, 57th Street and University Avenue. 8:30 P.M. Free.VARSITY TRACK MEET-University of Chicago, Central A.A.U.7:30 P.M. Field House, 56th Street and University Avenue. Free.Saturday, March 15VARSITY TRACK RELAYS— University of Chicago, Illinois Tech.7:30 P.M. Field House, 56th Street and University Avenue. Free.Monday, March 17LECTURE-'Normalcy and Reaction", Walter Johnson (History).7:30 P.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 90c,tax included.Tuesday, March 18LECTURE-'Normalcy and Reaction", Walter Johnson (History).11:00 A.M. University College, 19 South La Salle Street. 90c,tax included.LECTURE— "What We Believe About Prayer", Dr. Bernard Iddings Bell. Auspices of the Canterbury Club. 8:00 P.M. 1420East 56th Street. Free.Wednesday, March 19LECTURE-CONCERT— "Nationalism in English Music", ScottGoldthwaite (Music). Illustrative works, played by the Fine ArtsString Quartet. Schubert, Bax. 8:15 P.M. Kimball Hall, 306South Wabash Avenue. $1.50, tax included.Tuesday, March 25LECTURE-"What We Do With God", Dr. Bernard Iddings Bell.Auspices of the Canterbury Club. 8:00 P.M. 1420 East 56thStreet. Free. P,edfled ,opeerless qualityfor over 50 yearsTry it for lunch: Swift's Premium Bacon oncreamed noodles served with broiled tomatoes. *Traditional, in the making of Swift's Premium Bacon, is the pledge to maintainquality. No matter what the temptation,standards are never lowered . . .Swift's Premium is always the finest of the fine. This refusal to compromise with quality has won ahigh reward. No other bacon approachesSwift's Premium in popularity. Polls of public opinion show that, year after year, stillmore millions prefer it to any other kind.'/teniM/nawnwith thesweet smoke tasteTHE UNIVERSITY. AND UNESCO(Continue^ from Page 14)The three-fold obligationLike the universities, UNESCO has a three-fold obligation :to preserve knowledge,to increase knowledge,to disseminate knowledge.Among these three— such is the world's need today —the dissemination of knowledge now seems by far themost important.We shall not be able to preserve knowledge, muchless increase it, unless we survive. Our survival is a question mark unless we are able greatly to broaden the baseof intelligent citizenship everywhere. The peoples of theworld; will march surely as they have knowledge, orblindly as they lack it.The University of Chicago's taskI suggest to the great universities, as well as toUNESCO, that they direct their efforts as never beforeto dissemination, and at the level of ordinary people.The University of Chicago, under Mr. Harper, wasthe pioneer in this field. He used the techniques thenavailable— ^correspondence courses, university extension,itinerant lecturers, a university press, and university journals. Since then, as each new technique has become available, the University has continued to pioneer: in radio,in the Erpi contract [educational films] of 1932, andnow in the expanding interest of Mr. Hutchins, Mr.Colwell and others' at the University, in the field ofeducation.This record distinguishes the University of Chicagofrom any other American university. Other institutionsmay rival the work of the University in education andresearch — in some fields, anyway! — but adult educationhas been the peculiar preserve of the University ofChicago. UNESCO now hopes to pioneer at the internationallevel. It's operating budget for the first year — $6,000,000— is minuscule compared with the task and the opportunity.The American delegation at Paris insisted that the1947 budget must not be taken as a standard for futureyears. When the nations have passed through what Senator Vandenberg calls "the present subsistence period;"when UNESCO has built its staff and discovered byexperience what it can and what it cannot do; I seeno limit, except the clear cut promise of results, uponeither its efforts or its budget.Hope and cautionI shall close on a note of hope and caution. The Conference that took place in Paris may well have been,in the words used by J. B. Priestley, one of the Britishdelegates on the University of Chicago Round Tablebroadcast from Paris, the most under-rated conference inall history. For UNESCO can become one of the mostuseful instruments ever devised by man. However, it canfulfill its potentialities only under favorable conditions.It cannot succeed unless the pressing political andeconomic problems that now beset the world are resolved in such a way as to give UNESCO time to grow.It cannot succeed in the absence of outstanding leadership, adequate funds and public support. It cannot succeed if the expectation of quick results brings disillusionment.Yet no experiment in international cooperation everheld less danger or more promise for the future peaceand well being of mankind.UNESCO is like a break in an overcast sky. It is apatch of light — if I may reverse a familiar expression —now no bigger than a man's hand. We must all unitein the hope that it is destined to grow — to grow until.the clear light of truth and understanding breaks throughto all peoples — to all peoples of the world everywhere.|ggfl BOOKENDSOfficial shield ofTHE UNIVERSITY CONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONST. A. REHNQUIST Cft¦ VTor. intWentworth 4422T. A. REHNQUIST CO.6639 So. Vernon Ave. * Telephone KENwood 1352OF CHICAGO&«v. Extra heavy,bronze finishOrder fromTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBOOKSTORE IChicago 37 "*.$9.00 Per Set Prepaid $9.5fJ J. 1 KIDWELL Flcht826 East Forty-seventh StreetChicago 15, IllinoisJAMES E. KIDWELL22THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23NEWS OF THE CLASSES ""A Good Pipm Is on Invmstmmntin Dally Measure""TRADE MARK RIO. APP*0 TOR1899William R. Tyndale, MD Rush'00, has retired from his practice ofmedicine in Salt Lake City and hasmoved to California. His new addressis 1720 Brockton Avenue, Los Angeles 25.Louis T. Foreman, DB '00, recent-*ly closed a 16 year pastorate at theCommunity Baptist Church in Hor-tonville, Wisconsin. He and Mrs.Foreman are now living at the Baptist Home and Hospital in Maywood,Illinois.1902Walter L. Hudson, who was anofficer of the Harris Trust and Savings Bank in Chicago when he retired a few years ago, has succumbedto the California Chamber of Commerce publicity and is now living atthe Park Manor Apartment Hotelin San Diego. Walter has alwaysbeen one of the Association's mostloyal members (life) and supporters,having served in almost every officialcapacity from the presidency tovarious committee assignments.1903In a Jamestown College (NorthDakota) brochure crossing the Editor's desk were words of praise andappreciation for William B. Thomas,AM, now emeritus, who devotesmuch of his life to this privately endowed, fully accredited college inthe southeastern part of the state.Through the years, Professor Thomas has served on both the facultyand administrative staffs of the College.1904Dr. Fred O.Tonney has recently been appointed City-County HealthOfficer at Mansfield, RichlandCounty, Ohio. Hebegan his careerin public healthas City Chemistin the ChicagoHealth Department, served in variouspositions in public health in Michigan, Ohio and Illinois. During thewar he was industrial physician forGeneral Motors in Dayton, and following the war was Senior MedicalOfficer at the Veterans Hospital inDayton, Ohio. Dr. Tonney 1906H. A. Spoehr, PhD '09, honoraryScD. '29, Director of the StanfordLaboratory of the Carnegie Institution, has been elected a Life Member of the California Academy ofSciences.1907John F. Moulds, who retired inJanuary, 1945, from his position asSecretary of the Board of Trustees,and Mrs. Moulds spent two monthsin the late fall at Rancho Santa Feand continued on up the coast spending the holidays with their sonsJohn, '34, (in Sacramento) andCharles, (in Palo Alto). They arenow comfortably settled at 3585Third Avenue, San Diego, for theremainder of the winter.1909Charles E. Decker, AM, PhD '17,is Professor of Paleontology, half-time, at the University of Oklahoma.Tn 1943 he was appointed ResearchProfessor Emeritus of Paleontology.1910Francesco Ventresca, PhM '11,has just received a Diploma fromItaly, informing him that he has beenelected an Honorary Member of theOrder of the Knights of the Spiritof Italy. The award is made in consideration of life-long activities devoted to education and letters, tosocial and human welfare.1912Arthur W. Wolfe is director of anewly established travel bureau inIvey's Department Store, Asheville,North Carolina.1914Arthur T. Goodman and Mrs.Goodman (Helen Ricketts, '15) areliving in Bronxville, New York. Mr.Goodman is president of Arthur T.Goodman Company, Inc., (textiles).1916Robert P. Vanderpoel is financialeditor with the Chicago Herald-American. He served as Consultantto the U. S. Treasury Department inWashington from 1942 to 1945.1917C. A. Robins, MD Rush '17, movedto Boise, Idaho, on January 6, to begin a four year term as Governor ofthe State of Idaho. Pipesknow **^«allseasonsImported BriarSterling SilverBand. Dozens ofother handsomemodels, satin-burnished orantique finish.. . . and allpipesmokers knowNo change in Sterncrest Sterling's price or qualitysince it was first introduced. It's the same finepipe now as before the war. To be sure of thebest pipe value, whether you pay $25 or $1, lookfor LHS— the sign of a perfect pipe for 50 years.At your dealers.[ Writ* for FREl booklet of pip* for*:'"Pipn tot a World of Phatur."FOR CIGARETTE SMOKERS:"Smoke all you like-like all you smoke"with Zeus Filter Cigarette Holder. 3L & H STERN, Int., Dept 1 W. 58 Pearl $1, Bklyp. 1, N.Y.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE3 HOUR SERVICEEXCLUSIVE CLEANERSAND DYERSSince 10201442 and 1331 E. 57th St.•EVENING GOWNSAND FORMALSA SPECIALTYWe call forand deliver0608Midway o^3 HOUR SERVICELATOURAINECoffee and TeaLa Touraine Coffee Co.209 Milwaukee Ave., ChicagoOther PlantsBoston — N.Y. — Phil. — Syracuse — Cleveland"You Might At Well Haw The Bast"The Best Place to Eat on the South Sideand (P/tefaiCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324Telephone Haymarlcet 3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water MarketTREMONTAUTO SALES CORP.Direct Factory DealerforCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTHNEW CARS6040 Cottage GroveMid. 4200AltoGuaranteed Used Cars andComplete Automobile Repair,Body, Paint, Simonixe, Washand Greasing Departments je^lW^I^T. C. Wu1919Ts Chien Wu,AM, has beengeneral secretaryto the ChineseMission to Lepersfor the last 20years since itsfounding in 1926and the chairmanof the Board ofthe North Shang-hai BaptistChurch which he organized in 1919.He is interested in getting in touchwith his former classmates and maybe addressed at The Chinese Missionto Lepers, House 53, Lane 612, Nanking Road West, Shanghai, China.1920Harold S. Matthews, AM, has beenmade a full Secretary of the American Board of Foreign Missions, Congregational International Headquarters, Boston, Massachusetts, withspecial responsibility for China.Wade R. Mitchell is a sales engineer with Lyon Metal Products, Inc.,in San Francisco.Mrs. N. Walker Wright (Erma E.Cushing) is living in Muskegon,Michigan, where she is a first gradeteacher.1921Irving C. Reynolds, who was therecipient of an Alumni Citation atthe June, 1946, Reunion, has recentlybeen presented with the ExceptionalCivilian Service Award. The awardis the highest it is possible for acivilian to receive from the War Department. Mr. Reynolds was cited for "his exceptional service with theOffice of The Quartermaster Generalin establishing procedures for theprocurement of perishable foods, andin negotiations necessary to completetransactions to supply emergencyneeds of the Armed Forces during thecritical period after the cessation ofhostilities." Mrs. Reynolds is the former Ruth Irene Hamilton, '21.1922Oscar E. Meinzer, PhD, has retiredas Chief of the Division of GroundWater, Interior Department, aftermore than 40 years' Governmentservice.1923J. Robert Doty, MD '26, is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. He was recently re-electedCoroner of Lake County, Indiana.1924Paul A. Campbell, MD Rush '28,was recently awarded the Legion ofMerit for services as Director of Research at the Army Air Forces Schoolof Aviation Medicine.1925S. S. Hicks, SM, PhD '27, who istechnical coordinator in the PlasticsDivision of Owens-Corning FiberglasCorporation in Toledo, has a book"Low Pressure Laminating of Plastics" soon to be issued by ReinholdPublishing Company, New York.1928During the years when John C.Kennan was Placement Counselor inthe Office of Vocational Guidanceand Placement his hours away fromthe office were frequently spent onthe golf course. And Jack was oneGo directly from college into the display advertising department of the Chicago Tribune,where you stay for nine years, do free-lanceportrait photography for the next five years, actas production manager of the Wesley BowmanStudio for one year, spend two years as associateeditor of Popular Photography, add seven yearsas associate editor of the same magazine, withadditional work as editor of the Ziff-Davis LittleTechnical Library Photographic Series, and youmight become managing editor of PopularPhotography Magazine. At least Frank Fenner,Jr., '22, found this formula worked successfullyfor him, as he received news of his latestpromotion.Well known as author of "Glossary for Photography," co-author of "Timeto Eat," salon exhibitor, print critic, contest judge, and lecturer, Fennelfinds time to serve on the board of directors of the Fort Dearborn CameraClub in Chicago and as publicity chairman of the Chicago InternationalPhotographic Salon Association, Inc. In addition, he is a member of theChicago Color Camera Club, Biological Photographic Society, AmateurCinema League, and an Associate (honorary) of the Photographic Societyof America and of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain.Frank Fenner, Jr.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 251929I 2 Father 3 4 Mother 51946MOTHER'S BIRD BATHNews of the Classes seem always togo into a tail spin in about this season.Our fall issues have an accumulationof news from over the summer plusall the moving about and new positions of alumni, particularly in education. By February we haveovertaken our backlog. In the springthere is the annual Fund campaignwith gift cards which carry space fornews. At that time the news notesflood m again and we are happily onour way.But the doldrums of March andApril — those dreaded ides that everyone seems always to be bewaring of- — -are barrel-bottom-scraping days foryour editors. So while we are waiting for those news notes to come inwe have put together the followingcorrespondence which contain a lotof news about a lot of alumni- — allin the same family!Mrs. Edward M. Williams (Evangeline Pollard, '98) who has set arecord of twenty-two students sentby her to the University, has hadenough correspondence with Director of Admissions Miss Valerie C.Wickhem so that a by-mail friendshiphas sprung up. In early Decembershe wrote the following nostalgic letter to Miss Wickhem:It has occurred to me, since youspend so much time on Campus, thatyou might be amused at some dataabout old Campus memorials.The C Bench in front of Cobb Hallwas a gift of my husband's class,Edward Marsh Williams, '03. I recall when our five daughters enteredthe University as Freshmen, Isabellein 1922, Winifred in 1923, Evangeline in 1924, Edwarda in 1925 andGracia in 1929, that their fathersaid, "Sit on the C Bench wheneveryou wish; it is a silly tradition to saythat it is only for Seniors. Freshmenget tired, too."The little drinking fountain with'98 on it has often been moved. Fora time it was near Rosenwald Hall.I remember in 1898 our class committee met in the temporary chapelat the north end of the first floor ofCobb Hall and debated a suitablememorial for the University. Wedecided on a drinking fountain andmade class levies.A short time afterwards I wasstudying in the Classical Departmentlibrary, then over the chapel on thesecond floor, when the door opened| abruptly and Banks Wildman, our. class treasurer, came in and said in 2 5-4a loud voice to me, "We have to puta filter in that crazy fountain, so theoffice says!"With dignity the librarian aroseand, taking each of us by the arm,walked us out in the corridor andquickly shut the library door.In the hall we heatedly debatedasking the class members for moremoney. We decided to do so andthen I begged Wildman to get mybooks out of the library for me. Heemphatically refused to face theirate librarian for a dozen fountains.And so for thirty minutes I leanedagainst the wall of the corridor untilthe recitation bell rang.By an old circular I note that at 3 II. Gracia, '33; Mrs. Lake Crookham2. Isabelle, '26; Mrs. Arthur Holt3. Edwarda, '29; Mrs. Wilbur White4. Evangeline, '28; Mrs. Henry Stewart5. Winifred, '26; Mrs. Russell Wise3:30 P. M. on Tuesday, June 21,1898, our fountain was duly presented to the University. John Hageywas class president. I recall DavidMoore Robinson, Hershberger, SmithBaker and Woolley and, among thegirls, Eva Graves and Margaret Ran-some.In later years my own girls alwayslaughed at the fountain and calledit "Mother's Bird Bath."Why I was so determined on thechoice of the fountain I have no idea26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarkot 79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoBIENENFELDGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOISChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASS1525W. 35th St PhoneLafayette 8400PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREETFAIRFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETA. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave. Vin 9000416 West I llth St. Pul 0034ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CorniceiSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893Phones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueSUPER-GOLD CORPORATIONMANUFACTURERS OF COMMERCIALREFRIGERATION2221 South Michigan AvenueCHICAGO 16, ILLINOIS now after forty-nine years. Perhapsbecause my major was Greek and Iwas thinking of the Pierian Springsand the virtue of a quaff of coolwater! My daughter Evangeline(Mrs. Stewart) a cataloguer ih Harper Memorial Library, tells me thatthe fountain now is by Kent Chemical Laboratories and is much used.My three students in residence now— Mrs. Martha Childress-McCain,John Sarbaugh and William Morganare happy and contented at the University.Sincerely yours,Evangeline P. Williams, '98Note: If you wish you may showany of this data to Mr. Mort. Charlton Beck and Dr. Gordon Laing werechoice friends of mine and so I feelkindly towards Alumni House.Miss Wickhem forwarded the letter to us and we wrote Mrs. Williamsto secure permission to print it withany additional information she mightadd in like vein. In our nineteenyears on the quadrangles we had beenmystified by the wandering stonefountain. So, for us, history was be ing written by Mrs. Williams. Herletter to us follows:... In 1940 I retired after thirtyyears of teaching. As my five daughters attended the University of Chicago I had a chance to watch thegrowth of the school. In my teaching I talked much of the Universityand so it is easy to understand whymy students wish to attend.My husband is a busy physician.He never tired of talking of the daysof Drs. Barker and Ricketts. In theNovember, 1929 edition of the University of Chicago Magazine therewere pictures and a short account ofour family.My daughters today look moremodern as you may observe from thesnapshot I enclose.Charlton Beck and Dr. GordonLaing were choice friends of mineand so it was a pleasure to have aletter from Alumni House. Throughmy daughter, Evangeline (Mrs.Henry Stewart), a cataloguer inHarper Memorial Library, I keep intouch with The University of Chicago of 1946.Evangeline Pollard-Williams, '98LOST ALUMNI.We had such good returns from the list of lost alumni published in our Januaryissue (a dozen) that here we go again. All the following, arranged by classes,were last addressed in Chicago. Hope you can give us some more clues.: John J. C. McKinley, '26Margaret V. Rowbotham, '09Isabelle Marie White, '10Helen Caldwell Maine, '13Mrs. R. Moorhead, '13(Madeline McGrath)Elmer W. Wood, '13M. Theodore Hanun, '14Frederick M. Byerly, '16Marion I. Martland, '16Harold B. Smith, LLB'16Mildred A. Erhart, '17Gertrude Ginsberg, '17Florence Ryan, '17Esther V. Kaczorowski, '18Joseph M. A. Papa, '18Hannah S. Valentine, '18Manindra C. Guha, '19, SM'26Louis Chiesa, '20Virginia L. Minson, '20James C. Reber, '20Josephine F. Christian, '21Cornelia Nelson, '22Perry B. Montgomery, '22Joseph Shapiro, '23L. Marvin Craig, '24Mrs. Ewart H. Jarvis, '24(Ramona Dyas)Angela Moore, '24Sidney A. Sheridan, '24Mildred S. Kokarsky, '24Mrs. Thaxter E. Douglas, '25(Maude Rose Jones)Sara Ruth Goldman, '25 '26'27Alexander Paterson, JD'26Mrs. George A. Price, '26(Eleanor Goldsmith)Frank Rochford, '26Mrs. Genevieve N. Ward,(Genevieve Naughton)Gladys L. Wilson, '26Helen J. B. Davis, '27Bess H. Kirtley, '27Helen M. Pechukaitis, '27Mrs. Sidney A. Sheridan,(Diana Richards)Eleanore M. Wheeler, '27Elizabeth Joan Callahan, '28Frances Ruth Brewster, '28Harriet F. Dinier, '28Gretchen A. D 'Evelyn, '28Mrs. Edwin A. Jacobson, '28(Mabel Vansteel)Harry F. Freeman, '29Charles Fisher, '29Earl D. Glazebrook, '29Mrs. Dorothea Langhorne, '29(Dorothea Dismeuke)David Laserovitz, '29Kenneth M. Miller, '29Ernest A. Peach, Jr., T29Darthea E. C. Owen, '29Sylvia Shapiro, '29Malka T. Yofel, '29THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27of the top flight players at OlympiaFields. Now he gets paid for hishobby as Executive Vice Presidentof the Western Golf Association withheadquarters in Chicago.Reuben Ratner, MD Rush, announces the opening of an office at416 North Bedford Drive, BeverlyHills, California, with a practice limited to internal medicine.1929Clifford G. Robertson, AM '37, iscontinuing his teaching career in theInformation and Education Sectionof the Eighth Army in Osaka, Japan.Mr. Robertson is teaching socialsciences. Mrs. Robertson (AnnieGoheen, '28, JD '33) and their threechildren live in Brooklyn.Reuben A. Swenson is living inWhiting, Indiana, where he is employed as a chemist with StandardOil of Indiana. He and Mrs. Swenson (Ellen M. Bassett, '29) are theparents of two boys and two girls —Caroline, 14; Victor, 10; Edward, 6;and Linda, 2. 1930Edith Annable Chapman, AM '35,has returned from Massachusettswith her husband, the ReverendLeslie Chapman, who has taken thepastorate of the First CongregationalChurch of Waukegan, Illinois.Lillian Egerton, MBA '45, is theenthusiastic Assistant Executive Secretary of the Citizens' Association ofChicago. The Executive Secretary isEdward M. Martin, PhD '38. Thisassociation, established in 1874, believes that good government springsfrom the active interest of citizens.It, therefore, provides pertinent information on candidates and legislation and stimulates action in cooperation with other civic groups interestedin the best local government.1931A. Wayne McMillen, PhD, is Professor in the School of Social ServiceAdministration at the University.Alma H. Naset is living in Evanston, Illinois, where she is teaching inthe public schools.FROM LEON SMITH IN GEORGIAFrom the "Office of the Dean, TheUniversity of Georgia," came a recentnewsy letter from Leon P. Smith, AM'28, PhD '30, former Assistant Deanof Students at Chicago.He wrote ". . . you might be interested to know that Mr. and Mrs.William Henry Grant of Belmont,Massachusetts, recently announcedthat their daughter, Mary Patricia,had committed matrimony with oneCommander Leon .Perdue Smith onthe third of September. . . . Maryand I served together in the Office ofthe Chief of Naval Operations . . ."Since accepting the deanship at theUniversity of Georgia, Leon reportshe has discovered Bob Wheeler, '39,PhD '42, a Reynolds Club staff member during his student days. Leonadds: "He is doing a swell job here.Just this year he shifted his allegiance from the Biology Department in mycollege to the more specialized field of his choosing in poultry husbandry inthe Ag. College. . . . His wife [Star] you will recall as the charming girlwho almost painlessly extracted your money from you at the Commons.She, too, is making a name for herself in the University community, servingthis year as leader of the Newcomers group."After extending a cordial invitation to any and all Chicago friends tovisit him in "this classic (Athens) city," Dean Smith added another paragraph about the family:"While I was in the Service my daughter, Jean, a graduate of UniversityHigh School, finished Western High in Washington with honors and two yearsof college at George Washington. Elinor, a graduate of the University elementary school, continued her studies, first at Gordon Junior High and later atHolton-Arms. Jean is now an emergency employe in the registrar's office hereand Elinor a senior in the Athens High School." Their mother, Dorothy WareSmith, AM '29, passed away November 18, 1944.Leon P. Smith BLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin tho 'University of Chicago DistrictOffering; Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"Arthur MichaudelDesigner and Maher ofDistinctive Stained Glass Windows542 North Paulina Street, ChicagoTelephone Monroe 2423Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, Van Bnren 0230Since 1895Surgeons' Fine InstrumentsSurgical EquipmentHospital and Office FurnitureSundries, Supplies, DressingsalsoOrthopedic AppliancesInvalid RequirementsEverything for SurgeryV. MUELLER & CO,All Phones: SEElty »i8o408 South Honore StreetCHICAGO 12, ILLINOIS28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWENGLISH CARSIMMEDIATEDELIVERYAlsoNEW HOUSE TRAILERSJoseph Neidlinger7320 S. Stony IslandButterfield 5600CATALOGUE ENGRAVING CO.SoftlDood Posters, WABASH 2196-7-8 . IZ4 W POIKST.AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo EngravenArtists — Electrotype™Makers of Printing Plates429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. Monroe 7515E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182POND LETTER SERVICEMimeographingAddressingMailingEverything in LettersHoono TypewritingMultigraphlngAddressograpn ServiceHighest Quality ServiceAll PhonesHarrison 8118 Minimum Prleei418 So. Market St.Chicago LAW ALUMNI MEETUnder the gavel of President RoyMassena, JD '17, the annual banquetmeeting of the Law School AlumniAssociation was held at the Bar Association on the evening of January31. The crowd of over 350, thanksto the hard work of Burton H.Young, '35, JD '36, and his committee, overflowed the large diningroom, which rang with reunionlaughter and back slapping.Speaker for the occasion was theirlaw professor, Max Rheinstein, justreturned from Germany where hehad served as Chief of Reform ofGerman Law branch of the Office ofMilitary Government for the pasteighteen months.Officers elected for 1947 were:Thurlow G. Essington, JD '08, President; Marshall A. Pipin, JD '29,Vice President; Earl F. Simmons, '33,JD '35, Treasurer; Board of Directors: P. Newton Todhunter, '32, JD'37, Burton H. Young, '35, JD '36,Stanley A. Kaplan, '31, JD '33, JohnPotts Barns, '23, ]B '24, and HarryN. Wyatt, '18, JD '21. The Directors will elect a secretary at a laterdate.Past President Massena President Essington1932Zell S. Walter, AM, has recentlybeen made Head of the Departmentof Education at Roanoke College,Salem, Virginia.Dorrance S. White, PhD, recentlycompleted a translation from theLatin of Emil A. Thurm's doctoraldissertation "Roman Ambassadorssent to Foreign Nations in the Periodof the Free Republic" and has deposited a copy in the Classis Libraryof the University. It is dedicated tohis former teacher, the late GordonJennings Laing. Mr. White is conducting a new course at the University of Iowa "Beginnings of International Law."1933Hazel E. Foster, PhD, is actingAssociate Professor in the Department of Religion at Randolph-Macon Woman's College in Lynchburg,Virginia. 1936Martin Gardner, author of severalbooks on magic and puzzles, as wellas fiction stories for Esquire Magazine, has been named director of research and publicity of Fun, Inc.,Chicago, manufacturer of puzzles andnovelty premiums.Charles Kwock, AM, is Pastor ofthe First Chinese Church of Christin Hawaii, Honolulu.1937Eugene Herz, MBA '38, recentlyopened an office at 105 West Madison Street in Chicago where he ispracticing as a certified public accountant and tax consultant.Marshall D. Ketchum, PhD, hasbeen appointed Associate Professor ofFinance in the School of Business ofthe University.1938Esther L. Immer, AM, is supervisor of Special Studies and Licensing, Child Welfare Division, StateDepartment of Special Welfare,Iowa.Mary M. Murphy, AM, is chiefpsychologist at Manteno State Hospital, Manteno, Illinois.1939D. B. Eicher, SM, has returned toCairo, Egypt, to resume geologicalwork with the Standard Oil Company after a stay of five months inthe States.Arthur H. Krause is a researchchemist with Marbon Corporation inGary, Indiana. Mrs. Krause is theformer Jana Glenn, SM '38.Quentin O. Ogren recently accepted an appointment as labor negotiator with Western Air Lines at thecompany's headquarters in BeverlyHills, California.Dorothy E. Powers, AM, is a RedCross worker at Hines Hospital, Chicago.Pauline Roberts is now on leaveof absence from the Los Angeles CityHealth Department with whom shehas been associated since completingher internship at Los Angeles General Hospital, to take a graduatecourse for a Master's degree in Public Health at Columbia University.John R. Van de Water, JD '41, isnow with the University of Californiaat Los Angeles, where he is engagedin the organization of courses for theUniversity Extension in the fields ofBusiness Administration, Economics,and Personnel Management. He isalso teaching a course for management and labor leaders in Labor Lawand Legislation.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGORobert Warner, MD, has movedfrom Buffalo, New York, to 4309Haight Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio.1940Leonard A. Barrow is a practicingphysician and surgeon in Billings,Montana.Robert C. Jones has been appointedActing Chief of the Division of Labor and Social Information of thePan American Union.1941Thomas A. Hart, PhD, and Mrs.Hart have returned to Chicagowhere Mr. Hart has accepted a posi-;ion of Associate Professor of Biologyit Roosevelt College. They have beenn Bolivia where he was connectedwith the Institute of Inter-American\ffairs, with the Division of Healthmd Sanitation. While in Bolivia hewas separated from the Army withthe rank of Lieutenant Colonel.Charles M. Luckow is living inChicago and working with the exporting firm of Jordan-Benson andCompany.Martin S. Bloom, who served inthe Army for four years, is back atthe University in the Division ofNuclear Physics.Helen J. Zeleznik, AM, formerlywith the resident buying office ofFirestone Tire and Rubber, is nowassistant to the manager of Kirby-Block and Company in Chicago,merchandise counselors and residentbuyers.1942Anthony J. Brunse, MD Rush, isout of service, having been on thestaff of Walter Reed General Hospital in the neuropsychiatry service. Heis now on the staff of St. Elizabeth'sHospital in Washington, D. C. andis studying concurrently at theWashington School of Psychiatry.1943Mrs. Marvin J. Zimet (HelenWinter) has recently been awarded aFellowship at Western Reserve University, in the Department of Psychology.1944Mary Louise Carus is one of ninerepresentatives of the AmericanFriends Service Committee whosailed from New York recently forGermany, where they will join British and American Quakers in a reliefprogram. Harold J. Fishbein, 18, and FiorelloLa Guardia discussing UNRRA problems during Director La Guardia'srecent trip to Berlin. Mr. Fishbein isin charge of the Duppel Center andthe Tempelhof Center, both located insuburban Berlin, where there are closeto 10,000 "infiltrees" from Poland,1,200 of whom are orphan children.He writes that the tragic condition ofthese people presents an almost insoluble problem but that UNRRA, together with the Army and the J. D.C.are doing all in their power to alleviatethe suffering.Marian N. Underwood, SM, hasmoved from Detroit, Michigan, toMinneapolis, where she has joinedthe faculty of the University of Minnesota as Instructor in Nursing Education.Kenneth R. Williams, PhD, resigned his position as Dean of theCollege of Education at the University of Georgia recently to becomeDirector of the Educational AdvisoryStaff, Air University, Maxwell Field,Alabama.1945Francis W. McKenzie, AM, is director of the Y.M.C.A. CounselingService of Hartford, Connecticut. Hewas recently appointed by the Committee on Guidance and Placementof the National Council of Y.M.C.A.'sof North America, to head the firstnational conference on counselingand guidance in June, 1947.Hadassah Samuels is a medicalstudent at the Indiana UniversityMedical School.1946Philip A. Anderson and his wife,Phoebe A. Anderson, AM '46, areliving in Edinburgh, Scotland, wherethey are attending the University ofEdinburgh and doing Youth Workwith the Congregational Church. MAGAZINE 29AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itt>work to the university and college Held.It is affiliated with the Fisk Teachers.Agency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administrator-as well as of teachers.STENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine shorthand. Lesseffort, no cramped ringers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,write or phone for data.Bryant^> Strattonc o ll)e g e18 S. Michigan Ave. Tel. Randolph IS7SCLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency65th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkMacCORMACSchool of CommerceEstablished 1904Accounting, BookkeepingShorthand, Stenotypy, TypingMorning, Afternoon and EveningClasses — Home Study InstructionBULLETIN FREE ON REQUESTAsk about G. I. TrainingVisit, phone or write1170 E. 63d St. TelephoneNear Woodlawn Butterfield 6363Albert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women In all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent ofour business. Critic and Grade Supervisorsfor Normal Schools placed every year Inlarge numbers; excellent opportunities.Special teachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art,secure line positions through us every year.Private Schools In all parts of the countryamong our best patrons; good salaries.Well prepared High School teacherswanted for city and suburban HighSchools. Special manager handles Gradeand Critic work. Send for folder today.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBOYDSTON BROS. , INC.operatingAuthorized Ambulance ServiceFor Billings HospitalOfficial Ambulance Service forThe University of Ch icagoOak. 0492 Oak. 0493Trained and licensed atte ndantsW. B. CONKEY COMPANYHAMMOND, INDIANA___ of: jmMCKTHJffiBALES OFFICES: CHICAGO AND New YORK^^^^^^fXCElUNCE IN EUCTKlCAl PRODUCTS^^^electrical SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALSAND FIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 Halsted St. - Englewood 7500Ashjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED ID2IOriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000(Jolden Diruyte{formerly Dirigold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID — NOT PLATEDService for Eight $54.50FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Royal Crown Derby, Spode andOther Famous Makes. Also Crystal, TableLinen and Gifts.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDiriqa. Inc.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, 111. Harriett K. Beck, AM, recently received an appointment with theMichigan State Department of Mental Health as Psychologist for thenew Child Guidance Clinic whichthey have opened in Flint.Evelyn L. Benagh, AM, is Librarian in the Science and Technology Department of the Long Beach,California, Public Library. She isengaged in special research study ofretirement plans for municipal employees at the request of the CityManager of Long Beach.Kate S. Teskey, AM, is case worksupervisor for the Detroit Chapterof the American Red Cross. Withher other duties she supervises students from the University of Michigan School of Social Work.SOCIAL SERVICEGrace Taylor, AM '44, has accepted a position with the Children'sDivision of the State Department ofPublic Welfare in Wyoming.Mildred Faris, AM '44, is with theUnited Nations' Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in Germany.Marjorie Case, AM '41, has joinedthe faculty of the New School ofSocial Work in the University ofConnecticut.Lucy Sanborn, AM '40, has beenmade a Supervisor in the Children'sand Family Service in Honolulu.Ruth Robinson, AM '40, has accepted a position with the WestfieldState Prison Farm in Bedford Hills,New York.Alice Peterson, AM '40, has beenmade the Supervisor of the workbeing done by the Red Cross in Armyand Navy Hospitals in China.Cecile Hillyer, AM '38, has beenmade the Special Assistant to theDirector of the Division of HealthServices of the United States Children's Bureau.Lois Gallagher, AM '38, has accepted a position with the Veteran'sAdministration in Chicago.Whitney Jansen, AM '37, has accepted a position as AdministrativeConsultant in one of the districtoffices of the Division of HealthServices of the United States Children's Bureau.Ruth Gaunt, AM '37, has joinedthe faculty of the School of SocialWork at the University of Wisconsin.Roger Cumming, AM '36, hasbeen made the Chief Social Workerin the Branch Office of the VeteransAdministration in Minneapolis. Bernice Scroggie, AM '34, is withthe United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in China.Elizabeth McBroom, AM '34, hasaccepted a position with SunsetCamp and is located in the CentralOffice in Chicago.Leona Massoth, AM '34, has beenappointed Supervisor of the Standards and Program Development Section of the Public Assistance Divisionof the Cook County Bureau of Welfare and is located in Chicago.Mary Harms, AM '27, has joinedthe faculty of the School of SocialWork at the University of California.Pauline McClay, AM '45, has beenmade Director of Public Assistancein the State Department of Healthand Welfare and is located in Augusta, Maine.Of the students who took theMaster's degree at the December,1946, convocation, Frank Bauer hastaken a position with the Veteran'sAdministration at Hines Hospital.Margaret Himmel, Herman Kovnick,Felicia Piekarz and Helen Stout havetaken positions with the Red Cross.Rose Hayes has accepted a positionas case worker with the UnitedCharities of Chicago, and Sara Hib-ble with the Family and Children'sAgency of Kansas City, Missouri.Florence Bradford will return to theWashington Children's Home Societyin Seattle, Washington, where shewill supervise students in the Schoolof Social Work at the University ofWashington in field work. KurtReichert has accepted a position withthe Scholarship and Guidance Association of Chicago. Barbara Kohlsaatand Mary Brenz will join the facultyof the School of Social Service Administration and will supervise students in field work. Irene Hansonhas returned to the faculty of theNashville School of Social Work.ENGAGEMENTSAnnouncement was made recentlyof the engagement of Persis-JanePeeples, '40, to John Frenzel Cline ofScarsdale, New York. During thewar Miss Peeples served as a Lieutenant (j.g.) in the WAVES; Mr.Cline as Lieutenant Commander inthe Navy.Mr. and Mrs. Burleigh D. Leonardof Osterville, Massachusetts, haveannounced the engagement of theirdaughter, Andrea, to Ira Glick, '42.Miss Leonard is a student at theUniversity.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Wolf ofOakHale Avenue, Chicago, have announced the engagement of theirdaughter, Shirley, to Joseph PaulEpstein, '42. Mr. Epstein is a formerNavy officer.MARRIAGESAlphild Olive Nelson, '29, recentlybecame Mrs. Arthur Lee Christy.They are living at 8240 South EllisAvenue in Chicago.Cornelia MacClintock, '32, daughter of Samuel MacClintock, '96, PhD'08, was married in Chicago on December 21, 1946, to Franklin New-hall.Roy I. Warshawsky, '37, and SaritaSherman were married recently.Following a wedding trip to Floridaand Cuba, they are living at theSherry Hotel.Celia Bielecky, '38, was married onSeptember 14, 1946, to Robert J.Adley, Jr. They are living at 1947Blossom Row, Whiting, Indiana.Mary Korellis, '39, AM '40, instructor in English, and Albert J.Croft, instructor in Speech at theUniversity, were married December28 at Thorndyke Hilton MemorialChapel on campus.George F. Baldwin, '41, and LoisSchwaegerman were married June29, 1946. They are at home at 4230North Sawyer Avenue in Chicago.Jean MacGregor, SM '42, of theeditorial staff of Macfadden Publications, and Rodger Whelan were married December 21, 1946, at Eglise deNotre Dame in New York City. Mr.Whelan, an attorney, served as Lieutenant in the Navy during the war.Mary Elizabeth ("Libby") McKey,'43, was married on January 18, 1947,to Joseph W. Leonard of KlamathFalls, Oregon. Mrs. Leonard, previous to her marriage, served in Italyin the clubmobile activities of theAmerican Red Cross. Upon completion of those duties she became theExecutive Director of the Camp FireGirls organization in Klamath Falls,where she and Mr. Leonard willmake their home.Dr. and Mrs. Paul Headland announce the marriage of their daughter Elizabeth Reed Headland, '44, toWilliam Roggen Oostenbrug of Sheldon, Iowa, on Saturday, the twenty-eighth of December, 1946. The ceremony took place at Bond Chapel atthe University where Mr. Oostenbrug is working for his master'sdegree in the Department of Geography following three years of Armyservice in Africa and Italy. Mrs.Oostenbrug is employed as a Personnel Counselor and interviewer in the Personnel Department of Time,Inc. The young people met as undergraduates at the University as didDr. and Mrs. Headland (Paul B.Headland, *14, and Margaret Fenton,'15).Eva L. M. Miller, '45, and RobertL. Woolridge, SM '43, were marriedNew Year's eve in the ThorndykeHilton Chapel. Mr. Woolridge is onthe staff of the Department ofPathology at the University.Lucille Ann Peterson, '45, andVictor W. Adams, '43, were marriedDecember 28, 1946, and are livingat 1951 Foster Avenue in Chicago.At an impressive ceremony inJoseph Bond Chapel on the afternoon of, January 27, MarjorieMather, '46, became the bride ofWilliam Alexander Greene, qf Aurora, Illinois. Following the ceremonya reception was held in the CommonRoom of Swift Hall.Mrs. Greene is the daughter ofColonel and Mrs. William J. Mather.Colonel Mather, '17, was Bursar ofthe University before he enteredService in the summer of 1941. Mrs.-Greene's brother, Charles, who tookwork at Chicago from 1939 to 1941before completing his college workat the University of Arizona, waspresent from San Francisco to serveas one of the three ushers. NancyPiatt, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.Robert S. Piatt, a schoolmate ofMarjorie' s through University Elementary and High School days, re-• turned from Vassar to be maid ofhonor.Mr. and Mrs. Greene will live inUrbana while he is completing hisengineering studies at the Universityof Illinois.PETERSONFIREPROOFWAREHOUSESTORAGEMOVING•Foreign — DomesticShipments•55th & ELLIS AVENUEPHONEBut. 6711 Since 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180ACMESHEET METAL WORKSANIMAL CASESandLaboratory Equipment1121 East 55th StreetPhone Hyde Park 9500EASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wesson DoesLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSUPERFLUOUS HAIRREMOVED FOREVERMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal ot hair from face, eyebrows, back of neck, or any part of body;also facial veins, moles, and warts.LOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLIS EXPERT20 years' experienceGraduate NurseSuite 1705, Stevens Building17 N. State StreetTelephone Franklin 4885FREE CONSULTATION32 THE UNIVBIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 5380Alice Banner Englewood 3181COLORED HELPFACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMILLS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agcy., 5534 S. State St.Siutsuvcti^Chicago's OutstandingDRUG STORESSARGENT'S DRUG STOREAn Ethical Drug Store for 95 YearsChicago's most completeprescription stock23 N. Wabash AvenueChicago, IllinoisBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.Oak. 0492 < Dak. 0493RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Monroe 3192ITinmTTilillTmn^ PARKER: HOLS MAN .vniiiinmiiiiiimiiiimmimiiizr —<cfREALTORSf>Real Estate and Insurance1501 East 57th Street Hyde Park 2525 ;rsity OF CHICAGOBIRTHSHarry R. Adler, '23, and Mrs.Adler announce the birth of JudithRuth Adler, born January 14, 1947,at Chicago.Paul Edward Ross, '32, MD '37,and Mrs. Ross announce the birth ofa son, Charles Edward, on January1, 1947, at Munster, Indiana.Noah Barysh, MD Rush '33, andMrs. Barysh announce the birth ofa son, Herbert Allan, born December27, 1946.Martin B. Smith, '36, PhD '42, andWanda Smith are the parents of adaughter, Ingrid Ann, born December 17, 1946.A son, Daniel Joel, was born toDavid S. Logan, '39, JD '41, and Mrs.Logan (Reva Frumkin, '43) on December 1Q in Chicago.Jeremy Goldman Epstein arrivedon September 28, 1946, to GayolaGoldman Epstein, '40, and JosephEpstein, '41.William T. Dean, Jr., JD '40, andMrs. Dean announce the arrival "direct from the Stork Club" of RobertCoulson Dean, who arrived January6, 1947, at Lawrence, Kansas.Arthur Loewy, '40, SM '42, MD'43, and Mrs. Loewy (Rayna L. DeCosta, '39, SM '40) announce the arrival of Susan Grace on December26, 1946, in Chicago. Their son,Arthur D., is four years old. Susanand Arthur s maternal grandmotheris Grace Myers DeCosta, '02.Mr. and Mrs. Alan Gewirth announce the birth of a son, JamesAdams Gewirth, in Quincy, Illinois,on January 4, 1947. Mrs. Gewirth isthe former Janet S. Adams, '41.Alan J. Teague, '41, reports thebirth of a second child, Diana, onNovember 8, 1946.John E. A. Schroder, '41, and Mrs.Schroder are the proud parents ofGretchen Wood Schroder, born September 24, 1946.A son, Eric Ladd, was born to Mr.and Mrs. George W. Brown (Marjorie Ladd Brown, '46) on January4, 1947, at Iowa City, Iowa.*" DEATHSLillian V. Lambert, '95, PhM, '06,Professor of English for nearly 36years at Iowa State Teachers College, on January 17, 1947.Thomas P. Lynam, MD Rush '00,on January 11, 1946 at Chicago. Dr.Lynam practiced in Chicago fornearly 50 years.William N. Senn, '00, retired Chicago surgeon, on January 2, 1947, atChicago. MAGAZINEJames W. Lawrie, PhD '06, whoisolated vitamin K, on January 141947, at Milwaukee. For the pastfourteen years Mr. Lawrie had beentechnical director and director of research at the Joseph Schlitz BrewingCompany.Mrs. T. F. Cummings (JeannetteM. Cronk, '10) in November, 1946,at Minneapolis, Minnesota.Esther C. M. Steele, '16, in No-vember, 1945, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.Julian A. Burruss, PhD '21, president emeritus of Virginia PolytechnicInstitute, on January 4, 1947, after a 'long illness.Elsa Gullander, '22, assistant treasurer of the China Defense Supply,Inc., on December 24, 1946, atWashington, D. C, after a long illness.June Rose Lea, AM '24, on December 7, 1946, at Kansas City, Missouri.Margaret Carey, '29, on January2, 1947, at Colorado Springs, Colorado.FREDERICK SASSThe Alumni Association andthe University have lost anotherloyal friend. Frederick Sass, '01,died at his home in Denver onDecember 18, 1945.After finishing his collegework on the Midway, Fred gothis law degree from Kent College of Law and remained inChicago to practice until 1916when, with his wife, EdithSchaffer, '03, and family, hemoved to Denver.He continued his privatepractice in Colorado until 1944when he became Referee of theState Industrial Commission, aposition he held until his death.Frederick Sass was a leaderin all alumni and Universityaffairs in Denver. He servedmany years as President of theDenver Chicago Club alongwith his many other civic activities.Both sons of Mr. and Mrs.Sass are Chicago alumni. Frederick, Jr., '30, JD '32, followedhis dad in law and is now on thestaff of the Office of the Counsel to the Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington, D. C. Louis,'32, a geologist, is with theMene Grade Oil Company inVenezuela.THE STORY OF CHROMIUMCOLOR FOR ARTISTSThe yellows, blues, and violets of theartist's palette; the red of the ruby, thegreen of the emerald — all come fromchromium, a metal named from theGreek word chroma, meaning color.Discovered in 1797, this metal was foryears just a laboratory curiosity, but isnow top-ranking among alloys. Caravans of camels laden with chromiteore have often formed the first link on anassembly line thousands of miles long.From the mines of Rhodesia, Turkey,Russia, and India this valuable orestarts its long journey to Electrometfurnaces, where dozens of different typesof chromium alloys are produced. VERSATILE ALLOYThis silvery-white metal, used with steeland iron in amounts from 1 to 35 percent, imparts many of its own desirableproperties. To stainless steels, chromiumgives resistance to heat, rust, and corrosion — to heat-treated steels, strengthand resistance to shock — to cast iron,hardness and wear resistance.NOT JUST SKIN DEEPThe luster of stainless steel withstandsall weather conditions — on streamlinedtrains as well as on skyscrapers. Forhospital, food, and dairy equipment,too, this steel is popular, since it is soeasy to clean and sterilize. And for theoil and chemical industries, its resistanceto corrosion and heat makes it ideal. BEARINGS TO BATTLESHIPSAxles and armor plate, dies and drills,shafts and springs — these are madefrom engineering steels that must havethe hardness and strength necessary towithstand wear and strain. That's whyengineers specify steels with 1 to 3 percent chromium for applications wheredependability is essential. It's Been A Long Time. . . since Electromet started to produce ferro-alloys — 40 years ago.In fact, as far back as 1897, a plantin Virginia, which later joined Electromet, was the first to produceferrochrome commercially in theUnited States. Electromet is constantly developing new and betteralloys, among them the low-carbonferrochrome essential in the production of stainless steels. You willlearn more about chromium andother alloys by writing to ourTechnical Service Department forthe booklet, "Electromet Productsand Service."ELECTRO METALLURGICAL COMPANYUnit of Union Carbide and Carbon Corporation30 East 42nd Street \[\»fm] New York 17, N.Y.ELECTROMET Ferro-Alloys and Metals are sold by Electro Metallurgical Sales Corporation, and Electro Metallurgical Companyof Canada, Limited, Welland, Ontario. ElectrometTRADE-MARKFerro-Alloys & MetalsP-19455AALL THINGS HUMAN CHANGE...1929 1933 19401947 I960Plash-hacks to the eventful past: that solemn, joyous wedding.Your first home. Success. 1 hen . . . the tranquil years.Will you, when you retire, be free to follow the sun, to dothe things you've most wanted to do?You've taken steps, naturally, to finance this period and tomake it the most deeply rewarding of your life.But remember, all things human change. Your financialplans, your insurance program of a few years ago, may not fityour needs today, or those of the years immediately ahead. Forthis reason it is wise, especially in times like the present, to 1965review and adjust your insurance program every year or so.Your New England Mutual Career Underwriter will beglad to help. Why not call him today — just to be sure?New England Mutual\,ife Insurance Company I '£ of BostonGeorge Willard Smith, President Agencies in Principal Cities Coast to CoastThe First Mutual Life Insurance Company Chartered in America— 1835These Univ. of Chicago— and hundreds of other college men represent New England Mutual:Harry Benner, '11, ChicagoMrs. O. B. Anderson, '15, MinneapolisDavid E. Loebe, '16, ChicagoCharles P. Houseman, '28, Los AngelesWe have opportunities for more Univ. of Chicago men. Why not write Dept. 0-3 in Boston?