THE UNIVERSITY OPCHICAGO MAGAZINEOCTOBER 19 4 5^k^k^kWmWmm^k^mTHEUNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOLIBRARY.He and who else? Surveys haveshown that more than 600,000 of ourservice men hope to see the old campusagain, when they return to civilian life.And they want to know just how farthe G.I. Bill of Rights will go towardhelping them finish their education.Most service men are full of questions about the future these days.Thousands of them have written tous from all over the world, askingnot only about going back to school,but also what to do about theirNational Service Life Insurance, and how the job situation is sizing up.We've boiled down all the answerswe could think of and put them in thehandy, pocket-size, 40-page bookletdescribed below. It's free, and we aremighty glad to send it to men on activeduty anywhere, as well as to veteransalready demobilized.Or, if you have a son, husband orfriend in the service, we shall be happyto send you a copy to forward to him.Just write us at 501 Boylston Street,Boston 17, Mass., and we'll put it rightin the mail. Information forVETERANSHERE'S AARMED FORCESSAMPLE OF THENew KVGL.ND MUTO.LCONTENTS: §New England Mutual\jfe \nsurance Company |||| of BostonGeorge Willard Smith, President Agencies in Principal Cities Coast to CoastThe First Mutual Life Insurance Company Chartered in America— 1835 Highlights of the "G. I. Bill of Rights "-How to continue your education, guidance on loans, benefits, etc.Your National Service Life Insurance —How to keep it in force, how to reinstate,and convert, with rates.The ward on — Mustering-out pay, pensionprivileges, hospitalization, vocational training, Federal income tax, etc.What kind of a post-war job? — Earninga living in America and where you fitin the picture.NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL has openings in its sales organization for University of Chicago men in various parts of thecountry. If you would like to learn more about a career where you would be associated with many other college men in whathas been called "the best paid hard work in the world," why notwrite our Director of Agencies, Dept. 0-6, Boston, Mass.?LETTERSSince you published in the June issue of the University of Chicago Magazine several letters and an articlecriticizing Chancellor Hutchins' V-EDay address and his ideas on thepeace to come, I thought you mightalso be interested in letters fromalumni agreeing with Dr. Hutchinson this subject.As I see it, the question is whetherwe consider it more important tosecure revenge on the defeated nationsfor the indignities we have sufferedat the hands of their former leaders,or whether it is not still more important to build up the low moralein these countries by allowing themto remain sovereign and economicallyintact, and by permitting them to takepart in the world assembly of nations.By treating our defeated formerenemies according to the principles ofjustice for which we are supposedlyfighting this war, and by encouragingthem to take part in world affairsunder democratic leaders, we willtake a long step toward wiping outthe sore spots which haye been amongthe basic causes of World Wars I. andII. The choice we have is not between a "hard" or "soft" peace; itis between preparing the defeated nations for the rise of future Hitlers, orpreparing them for democratic association among the nations of theworld.Charles H. Raeth, '42Chicago, III.Lawyer Richberg's address to thejury is illuminating. It caused meto look up that Hutchins' V-E Dayspeech for re-reading. When I firstread the Hutchins' speech I was muchmoved by its idealism and impressedby its logic. Now upon re-reading it,especially the sections Richberg doesnot quote, I understand better howgood that speech really is. To properly appreciate Hutchins, one shouldread Richberg.Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, '11New fork CityWhen I read Mr. Hutchins' V-EDay address in the Magazine, I felt thedeepest satisfaction that the Presidentof our University had so well expressed what I assumed must be thereaction of all civilized persons. Itwas a shock to me to read Mr. Rich- THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume 38 October, 1945 Number IPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONHOWARD W. MORTAssociate Editor CHARLTON T. BECKEditor EMILY D. BROOKEAssociate EditorIN THIS ISSUE pageScience Cannot Be Secret, Thorfin R. Hogness - ------ 3One Man's Opinion, William V. Morgenstern ------- 7With Malice Toward None, Ellsworth Faris -------- 8Gordon Jennings Laing _______-. 10News of the Quadrangles, Chet Opal --------- 12Chicago's Roll of Honor ------------- 16News of the Classes --------------- 19COVER : Gordon Jennings LaingPublished by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue. Chicago 37, Illinois. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1S79. The American AlumniCouncil, B. A. Ross, advertising director, 22 Washington Square, New York, N. Y.. is theofficial advertising agency of the Magazine.berg's comment in the following issue. I read it not only once butseveral times, checking against thePresident's words very carefully. Ican only conclude that it is a superbexample of the lawyer's black art ofmisinterpretation .Mr. Richberg has extracted statements from their context and by placing them in juxtaposition with highlyemotional but irrelevant remarks ofhis own, given an interpretation ofthe President's remarks which is utterly false. He even makes use ofsuch cheap rhetorical tricks as the "ifit were . . . then he would" type.However, it is scarcely necessaryfor me to defend Mr. Hutchins' viewsagainst such an attack, when thespirit that informs the attacker is soobviously personal. But it is only fair{See page 9 for that some alumnus should speak outto say that the University could dofar worse than to turn out men andwomen who think and talk like President Hutchins.Ruth Earnshaw Lo, '31Scranton, Pa.The main difference between Donald R. Richberg and President Hutchins is that the president is an educator who understands why this wasthe bloodiest war in history. Hehandles causes. Richberg, on the otherhand, doesn't even understand hisown emotional blocks hence hehandles effects and is a ruthless executioner.Helena M. Roe, '12Chicago Heights, III.more letters)1Eckhart Hall, home of the atom-smasher; recent headquarters for atomic bomb research.SCIENCE CANNOT BE SECRET• By THORFIN R. HOGNESSOur Atomic LeadershipMay Be Only TemporaryWITH the dropping of the two atomic bombs onHiroshima and Nagasaki and the consequentcollapse of Japanese resistance, there was elationand even joy in our accomplishment, but as the dayspass it is becoming evident that the peoples of the world,and particularly we Americans, are beginning to recognize that this accomplishment raises problems of peacethat will be at least as great as those of war. The atomicbomb has opened Pandora's box and instead of returningto the good old days, as we had hoped, we shall be forcedto live in a period of anxiety and fear.We had expected to insure peace for many years bycontrolling the enemy and insisting that he change hisways of life and his political philosophy; the atomic bombnow asks us to change ours. And that is not going to beeasy to do. In this sense we have been conquered bythe atomic bomb. Every solution to the problem of peacenow seems to end in a dilemma, unless we, the American people, are willing to change our thinking aboutinternational affairs. If only to protect ourselves, we mustgive as much, and even more, than we receive; the prevention of war must be more important to us than anypossible national interest; national sovereignty must playa secondary role. The problem now is, not one of preparation, but of prevention of war by any and every meansand at whatever cost.When it became apparent that the war in the European theater was fast coming to a close and when thescientists and engineers on the atomic bomb project alsorealized that the atomic bomb had a good chance ofcoming through before the Japanese were defeated, menwith greater imaginations realized what its impact onthe world would be; they realized that in the not toodistant future all of civilization could be destroyed. Inprivate deliberations they considered the various coursesof action the government could follow, and even maderecommendations to higher authorities, none of the participants of these debates having any word in the finaldecision to be adopted. These proposals ran all the wayfrom not dropping the bomb at all, and thus hoping topreserve the secret completely, to dropping the first bombinto the heart of Tokyo. The emphasis on humanitarian motives was consistently avoided, and an attempt wasmade to consider only world stabilization and peace.It was argued that if the bomb were not dropped, evenexperimentally, nobody would know whether it would be successful, and the assumption could be made thatthe venture was a failure and would therefore not betried by other countries. Furthermore, the war couldbe won without it. The arguments against such a procedure were that the secret, as far as it went, could notbe kept, that there was an expenditure of two billions ofdollars to be accounted for, that to get government fundsfor further work in this field it was necessary, in ademocracy, to get the approval and support of the people,and that such a course might cost many American lives.This seemed to be an impractical solution although itwas advocated by some of the scientists on the atomicbomb project.In compromise it was suggested that an experimentalbomb be exploded in the presence of invited Japanesehigh officials; the damage that such a bomb would do toa Japanese city could be intrepreted from the visual effectsand from the automatic recording of gauges. But thenegotiations necessary for such a procedure would beso drawn out that the war would be over before it wasaccomplished. Furthermore, there was the fear that sucha demonstration would not convince the American peopleof the danger ahead. It was also suggested that someisolated spot such as Truk be selected as the target, butagain a bomb dropped on such a target would not sufficiently influence the Japanese or the American people.Finally it was proposed that a target be selected whichwas of importance to the Japanese war effort and thebombing of which, while demonstrating the effectivenessof the bomb, would kill as few civilians as possible. Asecond bomb might be necessary to demonstrate to theenemy that more were on hand if they did not capitulate.We may be sure that these arguments with many variations were considered by the highest officials of ourgovernment for several months preceding the Hiroshimabombing, and we have been indirectly informed that itwas with the greatest reluctance that the American government chose the course that it did. Rightly or wrongly,Hiroshima and Nagasaki were atom-bombed and the greatsecret was out. The bomb works.In one respect the decision of our government has ledto a successful conclusion. The war ended abruptly, and,we hope, saved more Japanese as well as more AmericanThorfin R. Hogness is professor of chemistry at Chicago.Since 1943, he has been director of the chemical laboratoryof the plutonium project and, of course, closely associatedwith the developments of the atomic bomb. He was onthe committee of scientists who went to Germany lastspring to ascertain the progress made by the Germans inscientific fields and is keenly interested in an intelligentnational policy for directing and controlling atomicresearch. »34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElives than it cost. In its other respect, that of demonstrating its awfulness to the extent that it will preventfuture war, it seems doubtful that it will succeed.It is a common assumption that the present atomicbomb is the ultimate in destruction. If one of thesepresent models should explode over Manhattan it woulddo a great deal of damage, but it would not put all ofNew York out of action, for there is a great deal of architectural difference between New York and Hiroshima.But it must be borne in mind that the Hiroshima bomb isonly a baby as compared with what might be developedin the future.In the beginning of this war the Americans, as wellas the Germans, considered an ordinary 1000-poundera big bomb, but toward the end of the war 20,000-pounders had been developed. In terms of TNT as astandard of comparison, the atomic bomb is at least a40,000,000-pounder. As the TNT bomb developed 20-fold during this war so in the next war we might expect1,000,000,000-pounders and only one of these would completely obliterate even New York or London. But thesenew models are not going to come to us by merely passingsecrecy laws and rubbing an Aladdin's lamp. Nor are)they in the immediate offing, ready for the technologistand the production engineer. The super-bomb may perhaps be only around the corner, but much conjecture,interchange of ideas and experimentation would be necessary before it could be realized.Barely three months have elapsed since the world atlarge first heard of the atomic bomb and already Congressis about to enact legislation that will affect our futurecourse of action, a course which, because of our uniqueposition as owners of the bomb, will affect our international relations and the security of peace for years tocome — or until the next war. By precipitous action wemay be spelling our own destruction. From everywherewe hear "Let us keep the secret to ourselves and thussecure our own position." Let us analyze this assumption that secrecy means security.The history of military weapons has been that forevery new offensive weapon a defensive measure has always been found; thus, the coat of mail against the lanceand the arrow, the tank against the bullet, and the jamming devices against radar. But in all of these advancesin measures and counter-measures the advantage of theoffensive weapon at any one time was only a matter ofone or two-fold increase in efficiency of destruction.The atomic bomb, on the other hand, has placed theoffensive in such a strong position that there is nocounter-measure in sight and the surprise element is nowcompletely realizable. In the past, the surprise elementin attack, always sought, could be accomplished onlythrough scheming and subterfuge, but now the atomicbomb, contained in a guided missile or planted as a landmine, could completely change this situation. In thefuture, it will be possible for any country having enough super-bombs to completely destroy another in an hour'stime. The atomic bomb presents destructive power beyond human imagination, as well as the element of complete surprise.With no counter-measure against such a ghastly possibility the American people in desperation and ignorancehave been driven to the only defensive measure apparentlyat hand — keeping the secret of the atomic bomb to ourselves.It has been repeatedly stated that there is no secretto be kept, but to a social scientist, an economist, alawyer, a statesman, a lawmaker, to the layman, thatstatement does not make sense because the secret wasso well kept during the war period. Why cannot thatstate of affairs be continued after the war?The greatest of all the atomic bomb secrets has alreadybeen divulged — the bomb is successful. Had the German government had faith in their scientists, rather thanin Blitz warfare, and any fear that their enemy mightdevelop an atomic bomb before the end of the war,then the German effort might have been a hundred-foldgreater than it was. After Hiroshima, every power onearth knows that it can be done and must be done. Thejob is not too difficult, even beginning from scratch. Theroad to be followed is outlined in the Smyth report.Most of the remaining secrets lie in a certain amount'of "know how" and in a high degree of industrial development, and it is in this respect that other countrieslag behind us. We could give any other country thebasic scientific information on atomic fission which wenow possess and it is conceivable that by so doing theirdate of delivery of their bomb would not be shortenedone day because their bottleneck will be industrial facility and technical expertness. By withholding this basicscientific information we shall force other countries toinaugurate such extensive research programs that theymay easily surpass us in a relatively few years. Since ourown scientific advance demands free exchange of information and ideas we cannot lose by releasing pure scientific information. Also, it must not be forgotten thatthe basic information obtained before the war whichmade our atomic bomb possible was discovered by foreignscientists and some of these men contributed vitally toour present accomplishment. We are not as superior aswe think we are.While it may be advisable not to disclose some of thetechnical information which is of pure military value,such as the detonating mechanism of the bomb, yet mostscientists believe that the government, while being keptfully informed, should exercise no control at all overpurely scientific work. In fact, they feel sure that theycannot produce good scientific work under conditionssuch as those imposed by the exigencies of war. Thisdoes not mean that the government should not have anycontrol whatsoever over scientists. Research work in thefield of nucleonics may offer potential hazards to theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5Thorfin R. Hognessneighboring community and the community thereforemust be safe-guarded by law. But what the scientist discusses and writes with regard to pure science can notbe restricted by any non-scientific agency if progress isto be made.Most people do not realize that the "scientific" workcarried out during war was, for the most part, technology,that the scientists became technicians, only making practical applications of the science and knowledge gainedin the past by free scientists who were allowed to discusstheir hunches, their ideas, deductions, and conclusionswith each other. Nor is it possible to foresee which ofthese ideas will lead directly or indirectly to the morepractical aspects of the problems of nuclear fission.A relatively few years ago Einstein deduced his theoryof relativity which brought forth such concepts, oftenludicrous to the popular mind, as : a moving ruler isshorter than a stationary one; and a moving clock ticksslower than it would if it stood still. Weird geometrieswere resorted to, to explain these new concepts, andEinstein's ideas — even Einstein himself, was by manypeople considered "phoney" — just a long-haired professor.But out of this theory came the deduction that mass andenergy were equivalent through the equation: energyequals mass times the square of the velocity of light.This relationship said that whenever heat or energy wasgiven out by any mass, that mass lost weight in accordancewith the above equation. It was through the theory ofrelativity that scientists were able to deduce that thefission process released such enormous quantities ofenergy and this deduction eventually led to the production of the atomic bomb.Again, Bohr and Wheeler, in a paper on the structureof the nucleus suggested that those heavy nuclei which had even atomic numbers and odd mass numbers werefissionable. Thus uranium235, the fissionable componentof natural uranium, has the even atomic number 92 andthe odd mass number 235. It is very doubtful that experiments to determine the fissionability of plutonium239would have been tried early enough to make plutoniuma vital factor in this last war unless Bohr and Wheelerhad suggested the probability of their being successful.Little did either Einstein or Bohr and Wheeler realize,at the time of their postulates and deductions, that theywould contribute so significantly to the closing of thegreatest war of all time.The scientific "nonsense" of today often becomes thehard reality of tomorrow. The idea that free exchangeof scientific knowledge can be the means of safety mayseem nonsense to the laymen of today, but tomorrow itmay very probably prove the means of preventing amost horrible war.Now what is our government proposing to do to fosterscience and to preserve our scientific and technologicaladvantage in the field of nucleonics? In his message toCongress, President Truman made a statement permeatedwith idealistic sentiment for the security of the nationand for the welfare of humanity at large and proceededto implement those ideals by introducing through SenatorJohnson and Representative May a bill on the controlof the atomic bomb and nuclear energy.This bill provides for the establishing of a commissionof nine men to be appointed by the President which inturn will appoint an administrator and deputy administrator. Special provisions are made to allow for theappointment of an army, a navy or a government officeras administrator and as deputy administrator. Furthermore, the administrator will be required to keep thedeputy administrator informed on all subjects under hisjurisdiction, a relationship which now exists between thearmy and navy members of our general staff. The wayis open for military control should the President sochoose."The commission shall have plenary supervision andcontrol — over all matters connected with research onthe transmutation of atomic species, the production ofnuclear fission and the release of atomic energy." Thecommission is authorized and directed to establish andprovide for the administration of security regulationsgoverning all knowledge and research in this field. Thecommission, through the administrator, can not onlycontrol scientific work but is directed to set up an espionage system against the scientists who are expected to dothe work, and through very heavy penalties the researchworkers are expected to be kept in peonage.Any violation of any regulation promulgated by thecommission shall be grounds for dismissal from employment, even by licensees of the commission, "without regard to criminal prosecution or conviction thereunder"THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEand any violation of any regulation, regardless of intent,shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $500 orby imprisonment of not more than 30 days. But if thisviolation is willful or is committed through gross negligence the fine is not more than $100,000 and the imprisonment not more than 10 years, or both. No inducement, but rather punishment, is offered for scientificdiscovery. It is hard to believe that any scientist wasconsulted in the framing of this bill.The bill contains a statement to the effect that thecommission shall interfere as little as possible with research conducted by non-profit institutions and the scientists will be told that it is not the intent of the government to stifle scientific research and that they shouldhave faith in the administrators in Washington. Butwith the far-reaching powers of the commission for dismissal and severe penalty, can scientists feel free to discuss their scientific work even among themselves; canthey lecture on the subject of their research and trainthe necessary new scientists; can scientific directors affordto be lenient in the matters under their jurisdiction, without becoming accessories; can the army or those entrustedwith security afford to be liberal; and will scientists puttheir necks into such a noose? But the most importantquestion of all is: Can American science advance andflourish under these conditions even under the most lenientadministration? The primary principle leading to big scientific advance lies in the freedom of the scientist tofollow and discuss his inspirations and the demand forthis freedom arises out of practical necessity.The hope of every nuclear scientist, as of every goodcitizen of this world, is that the atomic bomb will forceall nations into an accord and make for a lasting peace.The hope is a more fervent one, if this is possible, forthe scientist, for we have been projected into this crisisas a result of his work. Can we bring about internationalaccord by keeping scientific facts secret, temporarily assuming the leading position through fear, and aggravating those with whom we must eventually come to a common understanding? We now have a herrenfolk complex just as Hitler and his gang had and this feeling willgrow until we have alienated our friends and allies toan extent that restoration of confidence will be difficultor until it is too late. The first step should be that ofreleasing the basic nuclear scientific information we possess. Through science which has always been international, we can make our initial gesture of good will,thereby contributing to the security of future generationsof Americans.The only defense against the atomic bomb is notsecrecy but the creation of international good will andfaithful agreement that there shall be no more wars. Wewho now own the bomb must take the lead.ATOMIC RESEARCH STAFF: Seated, left to right: W. H. Zachariasen, Harold C.Urey, Cyril Smith, Enrico Fermi, and Samuel K. Allison. Standing, left to right:Edward Teller, T. Hogness, Walter Zinn, Clarence Zener, Joseph E. Mayer, Philip W.Schultz, R. H. Christ, and Carl Eckhart.ONE MANS OPINION• By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, J.D. "22IN ALL the fantastic and incomprehensible aspects ofthe story of the achievement of the controlled releaseof atomic energy, not the least incongruous development was that the demonstration of its feasibility shouldbe made under the old west stands of Stagg Field. There,in a squash racquets court that was a favorite spot forfraternity initiations, the first chain reaction — the selfpropagation of the reaction — was achieved on December2, 1942. That was the day the bomb really went off;from that time on, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and perhapsmuch more, were doomed. From that day the problemshifted from scientific principle to industrial and engineering problems of production. It had been proved that theatomic bomb could be made; thereafter the job was tomake it.The project was not solely a University of Chicago effort; though the University was responsible for it andmost of the Chicago physical scientists and some of itsbiological scientists were engaged in it. But so were manymore men from universities and research institutions, notonly from this country, but from the world. Scientificprogress has always been the result of cooperation andexchange of information. The project was such a cooperative effort on a huge and intensified scale.It was not just an accident, however, that the releaseof atomic power took place on the Midway. The courseand purpose of the University since 1891 made Chicagoa logical place for this revolutionary event. More thanfifty years of eminence in scientific research inevitablymade Chicago one of the centers of the enterprise. Evenmore, the spirit and flexibility of the University waslargely responsible for concentration at the University ofa key center of the undertaking. This was no assignmentfor an institution that went by the book; decades of normal scientific progress had to be achieved in an uncertainbut limited time, set not only by the length of the warbut also by the disastrous possibility that the Nazis, already under way, might get there first. The scientistsand the administration of the University were willing toaccept that responsibility. Then, after December, 1942,a much more formidable responsibility was faced. Thechain reaction under Stagg Field had been on a miniature scale, which would require 70,000 years to produceenough material for a bomb. Early in 1943 the construction of a pilot plant, which also was for a small operation,was begun near Chicago. But still another experimentalplant was to be built in the Tennessee Valley, the so-called "Clinton semi-works." The scientists of the projectand the E. I. duPont de Nemours and Company plannedthis structure and duPont built it. But since its operationwas in the nature of a huge scientific experiment, duPontpreferred not to manage it. So the University was requested to assume the responsibility of directing the Clin ton works. On the assurance of the duPont Companythat it would lend the project men who could carry outthe industrial phases, the University agreed. From theautumn of 1943 until June 30 of this year, the Universitysuccessfully ran a plant that would compare with many agood sized industrial organization. The purpose of theClinton works was to produce plutonium, the new man-made element which had at least the potentialities of theunstable Uranium 235 as a source of nuclear energy, sothat methods could be developed for recovering and reusing the plutonium involved in providing the source ofthe explosive power.The risk was certainly not a small one; acceptance wasvirtually a promise to produce. Among the hazards offailure might well be the hostile and biased scrutiny of aCongressional investigation, with all that implied in contempt and ridicule for "visionary" and "ivory tower"schemes. There were many other more imminent risks,including those resulting from producing radio-active byproducts on a huge scale. Arthur H. Compton, the headof the Metallurgical Laboratory, had to coordinate notonly the extensive experimental work going on at the University, also to oversee the operation of the Clinton works.All this required both scientific knowledge of the highestorder and real administrative ability. Either job wasdifficult enough, but the work was made doubly so because each phase of all the operations at Chicago andClinton had to be kept compartmented so that the secretcould be protected. No matter what the tribulations of auniversity head may be, in contrast to what he has facedfor five years, Mr. Compton probably will be inclined toregard his new office as Chancellor of Washington University as recreation.By its part in the project, the University helped openup a great new era of exploration. What it has done isonly a start toward what it can be expected to contributeto the more constructive work now to come. It hasmoved rapidly to establish the Institute of NuclearStudies, the Institute of Metals, and the Institute ofRadiobiology and Biophysics; an Institute of AppliedMathematics will be organized shortly. The appointments already made to the Institute assure distinguishedstaffs. The University did not get men such as Fermiand Urey by outbidding other institutions; it got thembecause it offered the kind of opportunity they wantedto do the research in which they were interested. Onthe basis of potentialities, a top man in nucleonics isworth a tremendous salary, but such men are not interested in being rich. They want the equipment whichwill permit them to study, and above all they want theassurance of freedom. An alert and progressive administration provided the first; the tradition of the Universityin scientific research assured the second.7WITH MALICE TOWARD NONEThe Consequences of aVindictive SettlementEditor's Note: In the May issue of the Magazine weprinted the full text of Mr. Hutchins' V-E Day addressbefore the students and faculty in Rockefeller MemorialChapel. This provocative speech moved Donald R. Richberg, '01, to a reply in bold, firm strokes of the pen. Thiswas carried in our June issue under the title (iDefeatismon V-E Day."It is unfortunate that the Magazine is not publishedduring July, August, and September, and that our October issue was held up until late in November becauseof the Chicago printers' strike. In the meantime historyhas moved with jet propelled swiftness yet we can't avoidthe feeling that even at this late date we have some unfinished business. Richberg' s "reply" loaded the mail manwith replies to Richberg, foremost of which was the following article. In the space remaining — and the Letterssection on Page 1 — we have published representative extracts on the subject from the mail basket.THE somewhat violent reply of Mr. Richberg toMr. Hutchins' V-Day address seems to call for arejoinder from some one of the many members ofthe University who heartily endorse the address andwhom Mr. Richberg calls his "foes." To us, Mr. Richberg is only an erring son whose emotions have led himto make intemperate utterances which he may one dayregret.There shall be no name-calling, an offence which Mr.Richberg commits at the expense of his dignity. It wouldbe very easy to do as he does for, on the very day his"reply" appeared, a New York weekly published Mr.Richberg's name, applying a disparaging epithet. Nothing is gained by such conduct nor is truth attained thatway. Nor will words be put into Mr. Richberg's mouthnor statements attributed to him which he would repudiate, although he repeatedly offends in the respect also.He plainly implies that Mr. Hutchins advocates the rearmament of Germany, a statement without warrant, tobe condoned as one of the excesses of a writer too angryto be accurate. Such tactics are employed in the lowercourts by desperate lawyers who have a weak case, buta verbal triumph over a trumped-up and caricatured position is hardly worthy of an eminent member of the barlike Mr. Richberg.Name-calling and innuendo being eschewed, a briefad hominem may be allowed. This writer has a son in theArmy in Germany, another in the Navy, a third in theAir Force on Guam, while a fourth is in the Pacificwhere his Marine Division is training replacements aftertheir decimation on Iwo Jima — my son got his PurpleHeart there. Now none of these fighting men feel any • By ELLSWORTH FARIS, Ph.D. '14such violent hatred as our aging alumnus whose onlyscars are those of a non-combatant — scars that hurt thesoul while leaving the body unmarked, warping the judgment till he can no longer tell friend from foe. Only anabsentee alumnus could be unaware of the extent towhich Mr. Hutchins and the whole University subordinated every academic activity to the winning of the war.The blindness of emotion would be the only defense forcalling such a leader a "defeatist."Mr. Richberg insists that all men are beasts, "biologically and psychologically." What tragic personal misfortunes must lie behind the formulation of such amonstrous and unchristian anthropology! Let us hopethat he does not consider us all hyenas, doomed to ravenover the prey that nobler beasts have rendered helpless.It will not be easy to decide in detail what shall bedone to a conquered nation, unconditionally defeated,prostrate and helpless, its cities in ruins, its man powerin captivity, industry gone, economic life disrupted, andevery foot of its soil occupied by its conquerors. Theanswer can be sought both from considerations of thepast and from possibilities of the future.As to the past, the Nazi power is gone; its guilt assumed. Those who remain obeyed their government aswe do ours and as our sons have done. Soldiers in modern wars are not all volunteers with a crusading spirit;most of them get a draft number and go to war or towork as they are told. They accept their role and dotheir duty. It is idle and false to deny that millions ofGermans were in the same situation. To insist that awhole nation should be ruthlessly punished for the actsof their government violates the American code of justice which expressly forbids ex post facto penalties.But the future is more important. We must considerthe consequences of a vindictive settlement. Economistsagree that Eastern Europe needs the German market and'the goods of German factories. To make Germany into aslum nation would entail unnecessary misery. The restoration of Germany, and of Japan also, is the only sensible course, fully in accord with our own self interest.Only a mind blinded by hate would feel that this meansthe re-armament of Germany — a course which no onehas proposed and which it is absurd to envisage.It is necessary also to take account of the state of mindof the German people if we are to have a lasting peace.It is not impossible to treat a conquered country so as toavoid bitterness and resentment. They can, of course,be occupied and policed for a generation or two or eventhree; but history deals in centuries, and the memoryof a people is long. Bohemia nursed its resentment for300 years, the Baltic States for 600, and the Jews striveto retake a land they lost in the days of the Caesars.A settlement, firm but just, is our debt to our distant8THE UNI V E R S I T Y OF CHIC A G O M A G A Z I N EEllsworth Faris, professorof Sociology from 1919until he retired in 1939,and chairman of the department for ten yearspreceding his retirement,has not always agreedwith the opinions of Mr.Hutchins. In the case o'Richberg vs. Hutchins hs"heartily endorses" theChancellor.descendants. If mercy is due the enemy it is not justthat it be denied to him.The question also involves our Christian conscience.No one can be forced to be a Christian nor to remainChristian. But so long as he is a Christian he should notbe allowed to torture the meaning of the Sermon onthe Mount or repudiate the teachings of the Master. ForHe did say, Love your enemies, overcoming evil withgood. Surely we should not remove the "nots" from theTen Commandments and insert them in the Sermon onthe Mount. Finally consider the effect on the character of himwho urges vindictiveness and cruelty. Cooley speaks of acommunity of hatred which floods the mind with theideas of the one you hate. "Your thoughts reflect hisand you act in his spirit. The hateful things he did toyou, you do to him. You feel a passion to equal or excelhim in hatred; it is a union as intimate as love. Sothe hating men and hating nations whirl about in anembrace of hateful passion which impels them both to acommon destruction. If you wish to be like your enemy,wholly his, open your mind and hate him." Old men(how well emeriti know) do not easily change. ThatMr. Richberg will recant is unlikely, but we can hopethat his influence will be small and that his tribe will notincrease.There is not the remotest possibility of a "soft peace"for Germany — that issue is settled; it is undebatable. Noone even advocates it now. It will be hard with Germany, very hard, and the courageous and statesmanlikewords of Mr. Hutchins are needed and are timely in aday when passions have not cooled. They deserve thethoughtful endorsement of earnest men and women. Weshall always be glad to welcome back into our fellowshipthose who have misguidedly called us "foes" in theirhousehold. Let them realize that we whom they condemn are seeking the welfare of the world, striving forpeace on earth and goodwill among men.OTHER OPINIONSSee Also Page OneSuggest President Hutchins visit the abattoirs at Dachauand Buchenwald, study the mass of Germans of today,and decide if their mere form brings them within a fairdefinition of "human."Lt. Col. William Stephenson, '27St. Petersburg, Fla.In my opinion, President Hutchins' V-E Day address isprovocative of sane thinking and good will among thefamilies of the earth. An inner harmony is the great needof the masses, from which they are steered blindly awayby greedy interests and ignorant money grabbers.Amelia A. Buck, '12Chicago, III.I think we all agree that the object of punishment (toan educated person) is prevention of crime, not revenge.and not "justice." Adolf Hitler and his stooges couldnever expiate the crimes they have committed, not ifthey died a thousand deaths instead of one. Nor is anyexecution of leaders likely to discourage the next dictatorfrom repeating Hitler's program. It would, however,remove from society a lot of dangerous men who, if they were permitted to live, would undoubtedly cause thedeaths of many others through their attempts to escapeor regain their former power. We have no right to takea risk like that.Mr. Hutchins urges that the Germans and Japanesebe treated humanely. Humanely, yes; but not sentimentally. Let us remember that the majority of the youngpeople in these two nations have been skillfully anddeliberately propagandized for years against us in afashion that causes them to despise us for our "softness"and "humanity." These young people present a problemin re-education, about comparable in difficulty (not inkind) with that of persuading a Catholic of similar ageto embrace the Jewish faith. Until that problem is solveddeliberately and ruthlessly, these young people are adanger to us all. Each one of them is a would-be Hitleror a would-be stooge, by design. It is not necessary toassume that the Germans and Japanese are innately worsethan ourselves to justify stern treatment of them.Lt. (j.g.) A. B. Mason, MC '38Western PacificGORDON JENNINGS LAINGOCTOBER 16, 1869— SEPTEMBER I, 1945Gordon J. Laing Known to generationsof Chicago studentsfrom the turn of thecentury, Gordon J.Laing began his careeron the Midway in 1899as an instructor in Latinmoving up to a full professorship in 1913 andto chairman of the department in 1919. Laterresponsibilities includedDean of the Division ofthe Humanities, GeneralEditor of' the UniversityPress and finally AlumniDean, a unique positionin which he represented the University to our alumni.On the first day of September death came to Gordon]. Laing while he was playing golf with his friends on theLake Zurich golf course.The following articles of appreciation were written byhis colleague Robert J. Bonner, Professor Emeritus ofGreek; Clyde Murley, a former student, now of Northwestern University; and Arthur P. Scott, Professor of History, an intimate friend who was Mr. Laing 's golf partnerthe day of his passing.THE SCHOLARGORDON J. LAING graduated from the Universityof Toronto in 1891 with first class honors inClassics. In this course great emphasis is laidupon the writing of Greek and Latin prose. Laing madefor himself an enviable reputation for his facility in Latincomposition. To this training may be attributed in largepart the precision of phraseology and the general excellence of his style in his writings and lectures. He wasmuch influenced by his teacher Maurice Hutton, professor of Greek and principal of University College in theUniversity of Toronto. As a mature teacher and scholarhe acknowledged his obligation to Hutton in his dedication to him of his book on Survivals of Roman Religionwhere he refers to Hutton as "for fifty years the mainstayof classical studies in Canada."After graduation he entered the Ontario Law Schoolbut at the end of the first term he accepted a position asteacher of classics in a college in British Columbia. Heused to say in his amusing fashion that he finally decidedto devote himself to the teaching of Latin because heheard that a professor of Latin received a salary of seventhousand dollars in the new University of Chicago. Following the example of most Toronto classicists at thattime, before the classical departments of the Universityof Chicago won their great reputation, he proceeded toJohns Hopkins University where he was awarded a Ph.D. in Latin in 1896. For two years he taught Latin in BrynMawr College where a high standard of teaching hadbeen set by Paul Shorey, who became the first chairmanof the Greek department in the University of Chicago.In 1899 Laing became instructor in Latin in Chicago.Here his advancement was steady and in due course hebecame chairman of the department of Latin in succession to Professor William Gardner Hale. Was this thefulfillment of an ambition conceived when he first heardof the University of Chicago and its seven thousand dollar professorial salaries?He went through the regular cursus honorum of a successful professor of Latin: the presidency of the ClassicalAssociation of the Middle West and South ; the presidencyof the American Philological Association; the annual professorship in the American Academy in Rome. He wasthe first editor of the Classical Journal, the organ of theClassical Association of the Middle West and South. Thiseditorial experience stood him in good stead later on asgeneral editor of the University of Chicago Press.The subject of his doctoral dissertation, written underthe direction of Minton Warren, professor of Latin inthe Johns Hopkins University, was The Genitive of Valuein Latin with Verbs of Rating. On coming to Chicagohis interest shifted from syntax to the fields of Roman religion and Roman private life. The dissertations he supervised were regularly in these fields. He had four textbooks to his credit, the most important of which is hisrevision of Paul Shorey's Odes and Epodes of Horace.He gave prospective high school teachers excellenttraining in his course in Roman private life. No aspect ofRoman civilization is more appealing to the average highschool Latin student than the daily routine of Romancitizens.In 1921 he went to McGill University in Montreal,Canada, as dean of the faculty of arts and chairman ofthe department of classics. Returning to Chicago in1923 he became dean of the graduate school and againprofessor of Latin. In spite of his preoccupation withadministrative work, he kept up his interest in scholarship.One of his best contributions in the field of Roman religion is his article on the Origin of the Cult of the Lares{Classical Philology XVI (1921), pp. 124-40). He disposed of a number of current theories and ended by advancing the theory of which he approved backed by anarray of evidence that leaves little or nothing to be desired. The article is permeated with Laing's well-knownhumor, a rare feature of philological writing. His Survivals of Roman Religion, like most of the books in theseries, "Our Debt to Greece and Rome," is intendedmainly for the general reader. There is abundant evidence of his familiarity with the enormous literature on10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11the subject. In the bibliography eighty-five items arecited. He shows good judgment in estimating the various theories discussed. Laing's scholarship was acquisitiveand critical rather than constructive.R. J. Bonner, Professor Emeritus of GreekTHE TEACHERTeaching being by the medium of words, it is almostinevitable that the first thought which comes to the mindof a student of Laing is his superb command of language.And those words fitly spoken were projected from aresonant voice with obvious pleasure to the lecturer aswell a(s to the auditor. He rolled them as a sweet morselunder his tongue. In the incessant humor of Gargantuanverbiage impinging on relatively slight details, he burstjoy's grape against his palate fine.The modern man, when he hits his thumb with a hammer can be "only vaguely theistic," whereas the Roman,having at call an infinite series of what Varro called <edeiminuti et obscurissimi" could wax profane "with exquisitepropriety." The new born babe was "passed down along line of divine relays." There was even a spirit of theinfant's crying, whom the young father, walking the floorat night, early learned "to importune sparingly."Professor Laing's notable facility in idiomatic Latinprose, one of his best courses being the prose composition,carried over into English and gave him a versatile command of the nuances of the vernacular. Other men havebeen fluent; but through all his fluency he carried an inevitable distinction, which made of his utterance a. polyphonic prose poem, often of Aristophanic exuberance.Yet under the seeming persiflage was judgment andacumen. After highly technical papers in the Universityof Chicago Classical Club, when it was difficult for menwhose specialties were other than the speaker's to startthe expected discussion, it was Laing who could alwaysadd an intelligent suggestion or ask a pertinent question.A marked trait of Laing, the teacher, was positiveness."Wissowa says this, Marquardt that; and (with ex cathedra emphasis) this is right!" Now some of his pronouncements were on still debatable ground, but it was a comfort to the student in contrast with some professors'cautious and critical review of all scholarly opinions,which left every view dubious, to know what, for the purposes of that course at least, he was supposed to think.As more and more articles and books came out onRoman private life, all these data were added to ProfessorLaing's course, so that it became the more formidable thelater one took it. Laing, the wit, criticized the wit Martial, "At times one wonders whether he is witty or justimpudent." The masculine and assertive Lucretius foundin the masculine and assertive Laing an imposing interpreter.A dominant personality, incisive intelligence, great resources of expression — Gordon Laing.Clyde Murley, AM '16, Ph.D. '20 THE FRIENDWherever Gordon Laing was known he is sorely missed.Each group of his former associates, whether in theClassics Building, or the Dean's Office, or the UniversityPress, or the Alumni Office, or his editorial office atUnited Educators, or at the Quadrangle Club, or theWayfarers, or at Lake Zurich, or elsewhere, has its ownmemories of him. He was a distinguished figure in theUniversity and in the community at large, but he wasalso a most genial, unpretentious and lovable companion.Many will recall in a general fashion addresses whichthey heard him give, but those who knew him in the giveand take of small friendly groups will remember moreinconsequential things. For all the qualities which madehim a success as a scholar, a teacher and a lecturer to themost varied audiences were present always. The instantaneous wit, the broad culture, the urbanity, the intensitywhen his convictions and loyalties were challenged wereso much a part of himself that they could appear as wellin a casual meeting on the street as in a convocationaddress.One thinks for instance of evenings in his study, talking about the state of the University — and the universe, —when he would counsel against too much soda-water, orreport an incident of an admiring lady rushing up aftera lecture to exclaim "Oh, Dr. Laing, I hear you have beenmade Dean Emeritus. It is an honor long overdue!" Orthe picture might be one of Gordon returning in thespring to his old-fashioned country club, which for someforty years was a cherished haven of relaxation, only todiscover that in his absence running water and traces ofheat had been introduced on the second floor. "Gentlemen," he said, "It's luxury like that which caused thedownfall of the Roman Empire." Or the memories mightbe of a congenial group lingering around the dinnertable, or gathered in front of the fire. The talk mightrange from religion and politics to the weather and thegolf scores of the afternoon, or veer from Italian vintagesto academic degrees. Gordon always contributed morethan the average, for in the much-neglected art of intelligent conversation he was a past master.He was also, and with an equal lack of effort, able tomake and keep friends. What member of the Quadrangle Club of more than a few years' standing, does notrecall the unconversational game of billiards which thosedissimilar inseparables Gordon Laing and Henry Gale usedto play after lunch, a hundred points a day, with scorescarried forward in a notebook to determine the year'schampionship? Who that knew them does not rememberwith mingled envy and delight the tales they broughtback from their annual trips to the northern wilderness,tales of unspoiled nature, of incredible fishing or revolutionary observations on the domestic life of the moose?They were parted for a short time. Now they are together once more. To have known them is a goodlyheritage.Arthur P. Scott, Professor of HistoryNEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES• By CHET OPALBetween me and the sunset, like a domeAgainst the glory of a world on fire,Now burned a sudden hill,Bleak, round, and high, by flame-lit height made higher,With nothing on it for the flame to killSave one who moved and was alone up there .To loom before the chaos and the glareAs if he were the last god going homeUnto his last desire.(By Edwin Arlington Robinson. The interlineationswhich follow also are from his "Man Against the Sky.")Of how Chicago helped pick a lock and openeda secret door . . .THE door swung open upon the Atomic Age on araw day in December, 1942. The accounts tell ofthe date, Dec. 2, variously. One says that it can besaid truly that the Battle of Waterloo was won on theplaying fields of Eton, then the Battle of-the World waswon on the playing fields of the University of Chicago.Another says that an experiment performed at the University of Chicago that day ushered in the atomic age.Still another runs to read that on Dec. 2, 1942, a "hugedoorknob-shaped pile" stood on this campus, and "it wasthe most destructive contraption ever designed by thebrain of man." The War Department itself refers to theexperiment as the "exciting half-way mark" on the roadto the atomic bomb and says of it that it "marked the firsttime that human beings ever initiated a self-maintainingnuclear chain reaction."(He may have been so greatThat satraps would have shivered at his frown,And all he prized alive may rule a stateNo larger than a grave that holds a clown;He may have been a master of his fate,And of his' atoms )All the accounts are true, of course. They point backat a tight knot of scientists gathered under the west standsof Stagg Field to witness a contest between brain andmatter, such as never dignified a squash court before orsince.Readers of this Magazine can read in the Alumni Bulletin a full account of that experiment. But a briefresume of the central part played by the University in theproduction of the bomb is not out of place anywhere,except, of course, in news stories coming out of Washington. You could count on one finger the number of references to this university made in the first official statements.In the first place, the War Department itself admitsit would take an "estimated thirty volumes" to tell aboutthe significant results achieved under the auspicesNof theproject at the University. The project was headeX byProf. A. H. Compton, until a few days ago dean of thedivision of physical sciences at Chicago and now chan- Left to right: Samuel K. Allison, Enrico Fermi, Cyril Smithand Harold C. Urey — all of the University Faculty and instrumental in development of the atomic bomb — scan thenewspaper for stories of destruction wrought as a result oftheir work.cellor of Washington University at St. Louis. The bombwas made possible here by that successful chain-reactionexperiment. Also, it was here that everything that isknown about the man-made element plutonium was discovered, and all this from an amount of the substancethat wouldn't serve as a mote in a sparrow's eye. Whatchemists learned about plutonium here, plus the drivingfaith of such men as Compton, gave the impetus for theexpenditure of almost two billion dollars and the construction of the vast plants at Hanford, Wash., and LosAlamos, N. M. And U-235, the rambunctious twin-brother of the normal uranium atom, which provided theexplosive force of one of the bombs that made of Hiroshima and Nagasaki homeless names, — this was the discovery of Prof. Arthur J. Dempster, of the Chicagofaculty.But this recitation, which after all may prove to beno less than a bill of particulars listing our crimes, hasto turn toward the future.Of how Chicago moved beyond the "good newsof damnation" . . .Chancellor Hutchins, in a now-famous broadcast (aboutwhich more later), asked the world if it may be that theatomic bomb is the "good news of damnation," in thewords of Leon Bloy. He asked further if it may not"frighten ^the peoples of the earth into taking the positive steps necessary to the creation of one world government, not a thousand or five hundred years hence, butnow."(He may, by seeing all things for the best,Incite futurity to do the rest.)12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13But without waiting for an answer, the Universitymoved swiftly. Within six weeks after the first bombfell on Hiroshima, the University had, after long contemplation, established three institutes, — for nuclearstudies, metals, and radiobiology and biophysics. Afourth, an institute of applied mathematics, is under way.As the result of the announcements of the new enterprises, the Chicago Tribune devoted an editorial to theUniversity and spoke of Chicago as the scientific centerof the world. An infusion of parochial sentiment mayhave appeared to exaggerate that claim, but an appraisalof the facts should dispel any doubt.While the University lost one Nobel Prize scientist inthe person of Arthur Compton, it gained two new onesto bring to three the number on its staff arid to eight thenumber who have at various times been associated withit. The new appointees are Enrico Fermi, physicist, andHarold Urey, chemist, who came from Columbia University with three other eminent scientists, giving thatinstitution the name, "The Deserted Village." A goldsmith coined it.Profs. Fermi and Urey will serve in the Institute ofNuclear Studies, which will be under the direction ofProf. Samuel K. Allison. The Institute of Metals, headedby Cyril Smith, will seek to make of metallurgy a sciencerather than an art: using as it will the results of nuclearresearch, it will devote itself to a study of the fundamental structure of matter as related to metals.The purposes of the Institute of Radiobiology and Biophysics are as manifold as the syllables of its name. Itwill apply the results of research in nuclear physics tosuch problems as cancer, heredity, the processes by whichliving things grow old, the more secret habits of bacteria; further, it will seek to perfect techniques for theprotection of workers using radioactive materials, a needemphasized by the dangerous work on the atomic bomb(which the University of Chicago, let it be known, assumed when others would not) and by the prospect of anincreasing use of such materials in industry, as efforts aremade to make a ploughshare out of the atomic sword.The institute, to be part of the division of biologicalsciences, will be headed by Prof. Raymond E. Zirkle, Illinois-born botanist whose special field of study has beenthe effects of radiations on living organisms. Like mostof the new appointees to the University faculty, Dr.Zirkle has been associated with the war project oncampus.Members of the new institute, will work in close cooperation with those of the Institute of Nuclear Studies.Establishment of the new institute is part of the university's plan to further fundamental research in fieldswhich went underground or were neglected during thewar, Chancellor Hutchins said.In commenting on the Institute Reuben G. Gustavson,newly appointed vice-president of the university, and ascientist himself, said:"The studies in nuclear physics have revealed manytypes of radiation, some of which can be produced by new methods which allow accurate control, These new toolsare keys with which to open the secrets of our physicaland biological worlds. These tools are dangerous to workwith, and man has to learn how to protect himself whileusing them."The application of these radiations to living tissues,organisms and biological systems is in its infancy. Wecan make new attacks on disease. For example, sciencenow knows some two hundred chemical compounds whichcause cancer. By replacing the normal atoms in thesecompounds with radioactive atoms of the same elements,these compounds can be followed in the animal body bya tracer method, and the methods by which they produce cancer may possibly be discovered."The action of drugs also can be followed by thismethod, Dr. Gustavson said. Common elements maderadioactive by new methods can be incorporated intohormones, vitamins, and foods also, he added. Suchproblems as just how sugars and fats are burned withinthe body may be solved for the first time by this "tracer"method, he said.Using these methods to probe deeper into the structureand activities of the living cell, scientists may also thrownew light on heredity in plants and animals and theprocesses by which living organisms grow old, Dr. Gustavson said.(Are we no greater than the noise we makeAlong one blind atomic pilgrimageWhereon by crass chance billeted we goBecause our brains and bones and cartilageWill have it so?)Of how men wondered whether the Lordapproved ...To judge by newspaper editorials, one would thinkthat the most momentous effect of the atomic bomb wasthat it jarred Mr. Hutchins into new avenues of thought.This impression results from a Round Table broadcast ofAugust 12, when Mr. Hutchins, Prof. William FieldingOgburn, and Mr. Gustavson went on the air to discuss"Atomic Force — Its Meaning for Mankind." In addition to the editorial comment it inspired and the greatdemand for transcrips it brought, the entire broadcasthas been reprinted in a Pocket Book on the atomic age,just on the stands and ready for a sale of 350,000 copies.Mr. John Howe, director of the university's RadioOffice (about whom more later), deserves credit for thefact that the broadcast ever reached the airwaves. Itwas his duty to work with the discussants for severalhours on the Friday and Saturday preceding the broadcast, to help them tighten and balance the stenographicreport, and to get the script to Washington in time forapproval by the War Department, which had the jittersabout every thing atomic, including, possibly, atomizers.The preparation of a script beforehand was unusual inthe history of the Round Table, but unless you hadknown about it, you could not have guessed from thebroadcast itself that the participants were reading copy.14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEProf. Ogburn, for example, was as dramatic about saying, "Chicken feed, Hutchins, chicken feed," as he wasthe first time he flung it at Mr. Hutchins when the lattersuggested the things a sociologist might do if he had twomillion dollars to carry on research.The exciting thing to editorialists was that the broadcast proved a confessional for Mr. Hutchins, who said:"I must confess that up to last Monday I did notlook upon the idea of a world state with favor. I havebeen opposed to the idea because I believe no normalbasis for it existed — no world conscience and no conviction sufficient for the world community to keep it fromdisintegrating. I do not think we shall be any better offbecause of the bomb. But the alternatives seem clear.One alternative is world suicide. Another is agreement,among sovereign states, to abstain from using the bomb.This in my judgment will not be effective. Only throughthe monopoly of atomic force by a world organizationcan we hope to abolish war."Prof. Ogburn countered: "But that's a thousand yearsoff." And Mr. Hutchins blithely cited the "good newsof damnation" mentioned by Leon Bloy. A good dealof soul-searching characterized the broadcast, but amongthe more important statements made during the halfhour was the following by Prof. Ogburn:"The atomic bomb has now put to the universities thebiggest challenge they have ever faced. We've got toknow what to do with the dangerous weapon we havecreated. Without liberal education and spiritual education and training, it may become our master and ourdestroyer." Mr. Hutchins added : "If we're going to havea society that knows what to do with what the physicalscientists are constantly bringing forth, we're going tohave to have an entirely different level of general intelligence in the community from the one that we havebeen used to in the past."Mr. Gustavson made the following point: "It seemsto me that this discovery really equalizes the nations. Byplacing atomic power in the hands of a small nation,you've done the equivalent of placing the slingshot in thehands of David. With only a runway, a rocket, and anatomic bomb a man in Copenhagen could destroy Berlin."To Mr. Hutchins this meant also that "compulsory military training now becomes an irrelevant issue, since youdon't need a big army to operate an atomic bomb."The three men were among the first to raise the question of morality in connection with the bomb. Mr.Hutchins said that since "all the evidence points to thefact that the use of the bomb was unnecessary, the UnitedStates has lost its moral prestige," but added a momentlater: "Perhaps the future is more important than thepast."When, on Sept. 1, seventeen of the- scientists whoworked on the bomb met on campus, Prof. Allison, whohelped conduct the bomb test at Alamogordo, N. Mex.,last July, told the press that the sense of triumph at thenews Hiroshima had been demolished by the first bombclung to the scientists only a moment, and was followed by the sober knowledge of the tragic thing they hadwrought. News that a second bomb also was droppedfell to them in an atmosphere of gloom. The scientistsare not destroyers, Allison said. And they want to befree again. They want to seek out secrets for their ownsake, with the hope that men will turn their knowledgeto the advancement of mankind and not to destruction.It is to this end that the University is establishing fourinstitutes. Rather than make another bomb and workagain so hampered by military control, the scientistswould prefer to "study the color of butterfly wings,"Allison said.John Howe William BentonOf how men may come and men may go and I goon forever . . .William Benton, who secured the continuing functionof our Radio Office and brought to the University theEncyclopaedia Britannica and its newly related filmenterprises, has resigned from the University to assumethe post of Assistant Secretary of State in charge ofcultural affairs. Although there is no hint that severance ispermanent, he thus ends seven years as vice-president ofan institution he obviously held more close to his heartthan all his myriad other attachments.Mr. Benton takes with him John Howe, who will serveas executive assistant. Mr. Howe is well known to readersof the Magazine, having served it for many years asNews of the Q's reporter and as a scrivener of occasional items since the days he left the Office of PressRelations. John goes on leave, taking, as Mr. Hutchinsputs it, a "kind of semi-vacation." There is somethingboth nostalgic and adventurous in his move. In discussing his possible leave with Mr. Hutchins, Howe said,rather wistfully: "I was born a mile and a half fromthis campus and I've never been more than a mile and ahalf away from it; and I'd like to take a fling at Washington." John meant, of course, that he had gone toschool here and had worked here all his adult life, andthough his feet may have taken him everywhere on manybusiness missions, the center of gravity was the Midwayall the time.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15Also leaving the University is Joseph A. Brandt, director of the Press, who becomes president of Henry Holt &Company, New York publishing house. Mr. Brandt, firstas head of the University of Oklahoma Press, which hefounded, and later at Chicago, has been the only man inAmerica to make best-sellers out of scholarly worksput out by university publishing agencies.His successor is William Terry Couch, the nativeVirginian who once shocked the Southern states witha statement that the greatest printer on earth would havebeen permitted to starve in the South. He has been fortwenty years the heart of the University of North CarolinaPress. Son of a Baptist minisiter, Mr. Couch has demonstrated a missionary's zeal for bringing the alphabetto the unlettered. In a region which still imbibes itsdivinity in snake and shake cults, he has dared to bringenlightenment, winning the wrath of Southerners bybeing the first to publish books by and about Negroes inviolation of every known taboo. He has a contrary streakin him which will make him a delight to campus folk.For example, when Mr. Brandt published The Roadto Serfdom, Mr. Couch politely published an answer,Freedom Under Planning. When somebody else publishedThe Wave of the Future, he published The Wave of thePast. It took many blandishments by Messrs. Hutchinsand Brandt to uproot him from Southern soil, but he willfind ample room for expressing his contrariness here,letting his left hand answer his right hand any day inthe week.Quincy Wright Of the twilight of the gods at Nuremberg . . .A New York magazine, famed for its wit and wisdom,says the trial of war criminals at Nuremberg, Bavaria,next month will prove more important in the historyof the world than even the atomic bomb. The implication, of course, is that international law will be made,and that as the world grows more and more unifiedsuch law will be the principal mortar holding it together.If this is so, then the University has cause for pridein the fact that Quincy Wright, professor of internationallaw, has been appointed by the War Department as theadviser in this field to Francis Biddle, former AttorneyGeneral who is serving as this country's representativeon the international military tribunal.Prof. Wright says the trials are the first of their kindin history, and will apply the Pact of Paris of 1929,which Germany signed and which outlawed war, to theproblem of establishing individual guilt for initiatingan aggressive war. Thus in his own way, Professor Wrightwill be helping to settle the fate of such protagonists ofGermany's Goetterdaemmerung as Goering, Hess, andvon Ribbentrop. No place could be more appropriate,of course, than the scene of the Wagnerian festivals.Of how something is added and something is takenaway ...You may have read elsewhere of the administrativereorganization of the University, with President Hutchinsbecoming Chancellor, Ernest C. Colwell becoming President, and two new vice-presidents coming into the centraladministration — Reuben G. Gustavson, and Neil H.Jacoby, formerly secretary of the University. Mr. Benton,who became assistant to the chancellor under the newsetup, has since resigned, of course, because of the StateDepartment appointment.But here follow a few changes you may have missed.Taking A. H. Compton's place as dean of the divisionof physical sciences is Walter Bartky, professor of appliedmathematics and a director with Compton of the university's atomic bomb project. William H. Zachariasensucceeds Compton as chairman of the department ofphysics. Warren C. Johnson becomes chairman of thedepartment of chemistry, which has been without a chairman for years. John R. Davey, assistant professor inthe College, becomes dean of students in the college,succeeding Norman C. Maclean, who dropped the postto resume full-time teaching. Alan Lake Chidze becomesassistant dean in Davey's place. T. Nelson Metcalf, director of the athletic department, has returned after athree year absence while serving as officer in chargeof physical training for the ninth naval district. CyrilO. Houle, youthful but brilliant product of the department of education, has been appointed dean of University College, succeeding Carl F. Huth, who is forcedby ill health to confine his activities (and they areplentiful) to the lecture office and the summer quarter.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECHICAGO'S ROLL OF HONORRaymond J. HowardGertrude TempkinFrank J. Wojniak Lietenant Raymond J. Howard,who attended the University in 1939,1940, and 1941, was killed in actionin Italy on April 23, 1945. He wasacting as tank leader, and the tankin which he was riding was set afireby anti-tank enemy shell fire. Lt.Raymond was inducted into the armyin September, 1941, and commissioned in January, 1943. He left theStates in May, landing in North Africa. With the 1st Armored Divisionat Anzio, he was wounded and hospitalized for three months. He thenrejoined the 1st Tank Battalion andserved with them until his death.Lieutenant William B. Cassels, '33,JD '35, was killed in Germany onApril 6, 1945. A letter from hisColonel stated that Bill, with a military policeman and a driver wereproceeding along a road east ofMannheim when they were fired uponby enemy troops which had not beencleared from that area. Bill and thedriver were killed instantly. He wasthe eldest son of the late Bert Cassels, '01, and brother of Robert E.Cassels, '39, who was killed in actionin New Guinea two years ago. Billwas a star linesman in college, winning his C in football for three years.He was a member of Alpha Delta Phi.Gertrude Tempkin, a student inthe school of Social Service Administration in 1941 and 1942, was killedin an automobile accident in Italyon August 3, 1945, while serving therewith the American Red Cross. Theaccident occurred near Modena, andshe was buried in the American Cemetery at Mendola. She entered service with the American Red Cross inNovember, 1942, and was assignedfor a time to a hospital in Alaska,being later transferred to the Eu- ropean Theater. Miss Tempkin wasformerly employed with the CookCounty Bureau of Public Welfare.PFC Frank J. Wojniak, '44, waskilled instantly on February 23, 1945, ¦during a heavy enemy artillery barrage near Krefeld, Germany. At thetime his company was awaiting thearrival of assault boats with whichto cross the Rohr River. Frank expected to return to the University andattend Medical School. He enteredthe Army in 1943, and went overseas in the summer of 1944. Heserved with the 9th Army from theinitial invasion until his death. Hewas awarded the Bronze Star inNovember, 1944, for voluntarily leaving his sheltered position to administer aid to wounded men, pinned downby intense enemy fire. He was amember of Alpha Delta Phi.Lieutenant Frank Carlisle, Jr., '37,of the Army Air Forces received histraining and commission on the Pacific Coast and left for New Guineaearly in 1944. He had engaged inmany missions and he and his bombercrew were credited with sinking oneJapanese destroyer and some smallercraft. On January 9, 1945, his planewas one of a group which had ClarkField, Manila, as its objective. Hisplane did not return and he was reported missing as of that date. Later,when the American Army occupiedLuzon, the wreckage of the planewas found in the central part of theisland. Frank and his crew memberswere buried with full military honorsat Bayanbong No. 1, Luzon in theU. S. Armed Forces Cemetery. Hewas awarded the Purple Heart, andAir Medal with Bronze Oak LeafCluster. He was a member of AlphaDelta Phi.David Wiedeman Frank Carlisle, Jr. William B. CasselsTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17Captain David Wiedeman, '41, waskilled on his 102nd mission over Germany, when flak hit one of the bombsunder his Thunderbolt plane and exploded it. Dave entered the AirCorps in 1942, trained at Kelly Field,San Antonio Army Air Base, andBrooks Field, Texas, and was commissioned in 1942. He was a fighter-bomber pilot, and was assigned tothe 48th Fighter Group. He wentto England in March, 1944, and flewin the Normandy invasion, at St.Lo, throughout the liberation ofFrance, and was in on the Germanbreak through at Christmas. At thetime of his death he was in command of a squadron, and held theAir Medal with clusters and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was amember of Phi Kappa Psi.Captain William J. Brewer, '41,was killed near Chengtu, China, onOctober 29, 1944. Capt. Brewer enlisted in the Air Corps in June of1941 and was graduated at EllingtonField in April, 1942, as a B-24 pilot.He left for overseas in February,1943, piloting a Liberator Bomber toCalcutta, India, later being assignedto the Kunming Air Base in China.Capt. Brewer served with the 24thPhoto Mapping Squadron, and because of the secrecy of his work, littleis known other than that all of thecrew were killed when his planecrashed.David Barton Stewart, U. S.Marine Corps, was killed by machinegun fire in the invasion of Iwo Jimaon February 19, 1945. David attended the University in 1941-42 and leftschool to join the Navy, where heserved as Pharmacists's Mate. Hewas later transferred to the Marines,and went overseas in August, 1944.Captain Kenneth Davidson, LLB'33, died of an acute heart attack onMarch 9, 1945, in France. Capt.Davidson entered service in May, 1941. He was commissioned as aSecond Lieutenant in 1943,. andserved in several posts in the military courts. At his own request hewas sent overseas in the early part of1944. He was advanced to First Lieutenant, and went to France with theinvasion troops in June, where heworked in several ports as statisticalofficer making daily reports on cargoes landed. He was advanced tohis Captaincy in January, 1945.Lieutenant Robert G. Higgins, '42,Navigator with the 8th Air Force,was killed in action on October 7,1944. On a raid over Germany, hisplane was attacked and completelydisabled. The crew bailed out at22,000 feet, and it is believed thatburning embers from the plane whichhad exploded set fire to his parachuteand he was killed in the fall. Lt. Higgins was subsequently identified andburied near the spot. He entered theAir Forces in 1942, and was calledfor training in February, 1943. Hewas commissioned in April, 1944, andleft for overseas the following August.He had participated in many raidsover Germany, and his family havereceived a letter from General H. H.Arnold, commenting on his competent navigation and his sterlingcharacter.Major Edwin T. Tellman, MDRush '35, died July 16, 1944, in Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, of an incurable tropical diseasehe contracted while serving with the119th Station Hospital in New Guinea. Major Tellman entered servicein March, 1941, and served at theStation Hospital, Camp Clairborne,La., until he went overseas in November, 1943.Lt. Leo W. Shields, AM '35, waskilled in action in Normandy on orabout July 20, 1944. He entered theservice in June, 1942, and receivedhis commission at Fort Benning andleft for overseas duty in April, 1944. William J. BrewerDavid B. StewartKenneth DavidsonLeo W. Shields Edwin T. Tellman Robert G. HigginsKenneth M. SearsHilding Swensson ERSITY OF CHICAGOThe last letter which his parents received was dated July 16, 1944. Sincehe was unassigned, difficulty was encountered in establishing the fact ofhis death.Major Kenneth M. Sears, MDRush '31, died in Copley Hospital,Aurora, while home on convalescentleave from Walter Reed General Hospital. Major Sears was called to active service on January 15, 1942, andleft for overseas in September, 1944,as Commander of the 31st HospitalTrain. On January 5, 1945, he reported in at the hospital in Paris toosick to go on, and was returned toWalter Reed Hospital on January 20.His illness was later diagnosed asmalignancy of the bone marrow.Pvt. Henry B. Cummins, '38, waskilled in the pre-invasion action atMindanao on March 15, 1945. Pvt.Cummins entered service in 1942,and in September, 1943, went to FortOrd, California, as a replacement ina unit of Amphibious Engineers andleft for overseas in December.Lieutenant Egidio Iberti, who attended the University in 1939-40, waskilled in Italy on September 23, 1944.Lt. Iberti served as platoon leader inthe 168th "Rainbow" Infantry Regiment, the 34th "Red Bull" Division.He has been posthumously awardedthe Distinguished Service Cross forextraordinary heroism in action, indeliberately moving alone to an exposed position to cover the retreatof his men in action at the Gothic lineof defense. Lt. Iberti was killed afterhis own protecting fire had killed oneand wounded five of the enemy, andthe successful withdrawal of hisplatoon had been accomplished.Hilding Swensson, '42, volunteerambulance driver with the AmericanField Service, was killed on February28, 1945, in the India-Burma the-Charles Carroll MAGAZINEatre of operations. With the A.F.S.,he served with the British 8th Armyfrom El Alamein to Benghazi inNorth Africa, after which he rejoinedthe A.F.S. and left for India in October, 1943. He was killed when thejeep ambulance he was driving strucka land mine, while engaged in support of the British Worcester Regiment.Captain Lewis Softer, '34, diedApril 16, 1945, of wounds receivedin action in Germany. Capt. Sofferwas the recipient of a special awardof the Air Medal for accurate observation from a small plane, resulting in saving an entire field artillery company. He is also creditedwith being the radioman who gavethe signal for the firing of the firstAmerican shell into the German WestWall when his artillery battery firedon September 10. Captain Soffer entered service in 1942, and had beenoverseas with an artillery unit 16months.His family have been notified recently that by direction of the President, the Silver Star medal has beenawarded posthumously to CaptainSoffer for "leadership, gallantry inaction, and utter disregard for personal safety," and stating that his action were in keeping with the besttraditions of the United States Army.Lieutenant (j.g.) Charles Carrollwas killed in action while servingwith the Armed Guard on the NorthAtlantic-Murmansk route on July 6,1942. Lt. Carroll left the Universityin 1939 and graduated from the U.S.Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1941.He served in the Pacific until January, 1942, when he was assigned tothe North Atlantic. Lt. Carroll wasawarded the Purple Heart. He intended to return to the University after the war.Lewis SofferTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19NEWS OF THE CLASSESIN THE SERVICELt. Col. T. Bartlett Quigley, sonof Daniel T. Quigley, MD Rush '02,is head of the surgical service of General Hospital No. 22 in England, andhas written a book on the war phasesof orthopedic surgery, which is being published by McMillan Co.Capt. John Alden Joice '44, sonof Clyde W. Joice, '12, is home onleave after completing his assignmentflying the Hump from India to Chinafor the Air Transport CommandCapt. Joice was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross with OakLeaf cluster and the Air Medal withOak Leaf clusterFor exceptional war service in theliberation of France, Col. Richard H.Jeschke, T7, USMC, has been awarded the only Croix de Guerre to beconfered upon a United States Marine in World War II. Col. Jeschkelanded in Normandy on D-Day, June6, 1944, and was joint operations officer of the western naval task forceuntil June 30. Prior to this, he hadspent 18 months in the South Pacific,and 6 months in the Mediterraneantheatre in connection with the landings in Sicily.Capt. Milton Steinberg, '22, MDRush '25, stationed with the 9thArmy in Germany writes that he"realizes more than ever how muchthe world needs the civilizing influences which maintain the vulnerablebarrier against barbarism."Walker Kennedy '23, is serving asa Lt. Commander in the Bureau ofShips, Washington, D. C.Lt. Col. Leo M. Karcher, '24, AM'41, executive officer of the 99thBomb Wing, 9th Air Force, recentlyreceived the Legion of Merit, andalso is the recipient of the Air Medalwith two clusters.Major Libby Pulsifer, MD Rush'25, writes "doing our job in ourthird excellent set up in the ETOTell Col. Herb Barker, MD Rush '25,that Lt. Col. Louie Rivers, '22, MDRush '25, could not keep up withCapt. Mark L. Loring, '23, MD Rush'25, in Paris They both are at aquiet place (put there for safe keeping) not far from me "Lt. Edward J. Lawler, Jr. '30, hasbeen overseas for a year and a halfworking in London for the Navy.Richard D. Fletcher, Jr. '31, has beenreleased to inactive duty by the NavyDepartment in order to return to theWar Manpower Commission as Assistant Director of the Bureau of Placement. During fifteen months of active duty as a Lieutenant (j.g.) and lateras a full Lieutenant, he was assignedmost of the time to the Planning andControl Division of the Bureau ofNaval Personnel.Brant Bonner, '31, is now a Lieutenant in the Marines serving in theCentral Pacific.Mayer H. L. Oberman, '35, is"somewhere in the Pacific" in theSignal Corps of the U. S. Army.After two years as Navy pilot inthe tropics, Lt. (j.g.) Samuel C. Hair,'35, is now teaching flying and navigation at the Naval Air Station atClinton, Oklahoma. Lt. Hair is theson of Thomas J. Hair, '03.U. S Navy Chaplain W. EdgarGregory, '36, writes "it looks asthough the knee which was injuredwhile I was with the 24th InfantryDivision may disqualify me for further duty. My last trip as a Transport Chaplain was, however, quite anadventure. My ship was among thefirst Army transportsA into Manilaharbor (only a few supply ships had4preceded us) and we brought backthe first load of civilian internees tosail directly from Manila, amongthem Don Holter, PhD/34, and wifeand children Don had just been installed as president of the UnionTheological Seminary in Manilawhen war broke. The 4,000 or sointernees in Santo Tomas had madehim one of their spokesmen for dealing with the Japanese during the longinternment.Lt. Forest D. Richardson, '37, MBA'42, is serving with the Navy in thePacific. His wife, (Hildegard Brei-han, '38) is living in Los Gatos, California. Lt. Richardson was home onleave recently, after eighteen monthsin the Pacific.Major Robert C. Greenwood, '37,MD Rush '39, has been in Chinawith the Air Corps for about twoyears As a side interest, he has beenphotographing Tibetan peoples and savage tribes. Mrs. Greenwood (Adeline E. Krigbaum, '37) is living inJoliet, Illinois.Major Francis J. Phillips, MDRush '37, is acting surgeon for the28th Infantry Division in Germany,and is busy supervising the medicalcare of the allied people who are indisplaced persons camps in the area.Lt. (j.g.) Charles S. Wilson, Jr. '37,and Captain John L. Argall, '41, metin Paris recently and enjoyed a dayof reminiscing about the old days oncampus.Lt. Richard P. Draine, '37, MBA'42, reports no change in duty in thepast year, merely a change of oceans.Lt. Draine is on the staff of a Destroyer Escort Division.Major N. Allen Riley, '37, is overseas as staff meteorologist with the9th Air Division. Mrs. Riley (Dorothy G. Califf AM '40) is living inOak Park 111SC 3/C Donald S. Hartzell, AM'37, is stationed at a Navy shore establishment in the Philippines, andalthough stationed at one point,would like to see and learn moreabout the Philippines and the Philip-inos, as he writes "there's a colorfulcountry and one awaiting much development."After twenty months at sea on asub chaser and a stay of severalmonths in the U. S. for leave andtraining, Lt. Russell M. Baird, '38,is returning to the Pacific as GunneryOfficer. Lt. Baird has been in Miami,Washington and Norfolk on this triphome and reports having seen oldfriends from the university whereverhe went His most recent meetingwas with Lt. (j.g.) Sam Guy, '41,who was also going outCapt. Stanley P. Dodd, '39, writeshe has been stationed for sevenmonths in France, with "beaucoupGerman equipment on which to work— enough, at any rate to keep us outof mischief." He has been to Parisseveral times, and says that in spiteof the noticeable effects of war, itretains much of its renowned charm.Universityil National BankuCheck Plan L PAY-AS-YOU-GOoffers a low cost checking plan, which is easilyunderstood. Its only cost to depositors is fivecents for each check written and five cents foreach deposit. For your convenience deposits canbe made by mail. Stop in or write our Pay-As-You-Go Department and open your account*W now.UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK1345 EAST 55TH STREETA Clearing House Bank — Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECapt. Edward T. Baumgart, MDRush '39, has returned home aftertwo years in the Mediterranean theatre. He would like to know "whereare all the Rush graduates of '39"?Lt. Burton B. Moyer, Jr. '39, isnow in the Marianas Islands as Information and Education Officer fora B-29 Bombardment Group, andlikes the assignment. He writes, however, "like all soldiers I miss my better half." Mrs. Moyer is in Washington, D.C. as a manual writer for theCivil Service Commission.Walter Gelston McNeil, AM '39,is working as an attendant at theState Hospital, Manteno, Illinois, inCivilian Public Service.Dr. Robert E. Joranson, '40, MD'44, finished his interneship at Presbyterian Hospital on July 1, and wasawaiting Navy orders. He has a commission as Lieutenant (j.g-)- He andMrs. Joranson (Virginia E. Johnson'39) have been living in the University vicinity while Bob interned.Capt. Walter E. Swarthout, AM'40, is keeping busy with civil affairsin the Philippines, and writes us that"it is a shame to have the schools ofthe Philippines destroyed as they are.The loss will have a profound effectupon the recovery of this country."Eugene F. Klug, AM '41, is servingas Chaplain in the Navy, and is presently stationed at Great Lakes, Illinois. He reports that he hopes to getback to the U. of C. when it's allover.Captain Arthur P. Steuerwald, AM'42, is now executive officer of thebranch office of Military GovernmentDivision, Charlottesville. Prior tothis, Capt. Steuerwald served 18months in Military Government Division, OPMG (Civil Affairs).Navy Lt. William B. Gates recently received a commendation fromAdmiral Hewitt for outstanding performance of duty as Disbursing Officer of the Escort Sweeper Groupoperating in the Mediterranean areafrom July, 1943, to October, 1944.Lt. Gates was working for his doctorate in Economics at Chicago in1939-41. In January, '42, he marriedNancy Gans, '42. Lt. Gates is nowsupply officer on a troop transport.Lt. (j.g.) Robert A. Miller, '42, andMary Price, '43, were married onMay 5, 1945, in Bond Chapel. Mrs.Miller reports that while in SanFrancisco they had cocktails withBlanche Graver Middleton, '41, andalso saw Evelyn Taylor Jernberg, '43,and Robert Jernberg, '40, at theapartment of Lt. (j.g.) RaymondDaniels, '40, in Oakland. Evelyn andBob Jernberg are living in Stanford University where Bob is doing graduate work in education and psychology,while Evelyn is secretary for theDept. of Psychology at Stanford.Lt. (j.g.) George W. Rothschild,JD '42, has seen much action in theSouth Pacific, as part of a task force.Lt. John J. McCarthy, Jr., '42, waswounded in action at Okinawa.Evelyn H. Stone, AM '43, of theAmerican Red Cross, has been transferred to Orlando, Florida, to takecharge of the Hospital at the ArmyAir Forces Tactical Training Centerwhich is located there. This is aregional hospital specializing in casesof rheumatic heart disease.Lt. Robert Anthony Meyer, '43,returned from 50 missions over Germany as pilot with the 15th AirForce, and taught for two months atSanta Ana Army Air Base.THE CLASSES1880William H. Hannum, AM, recentlyreturned to his home in Columbus,Ohio, after spending some time inClearwater, Florida. He writes usthat his principal diversion is familyhistory.1904In recognition of his forty-twoyears on the Stetson University (De-land, Florida) faculty, a memorialroom has been established on thatcampus for Warren S. Gordis, PhD'04. The room is in the college libraryand is used for conferences, literaryand social gatherings.1905Charles A. Shull, PhD '15, Professor Emeritus of Plant Physiology, hasbeen honored upon the occasion ofhis retirement as Editor-in-Chief of"Plant Physiology" after two decadesof distinguished service, by the dedication of Volume 20 of "Plant Physiology" for 1945 to him. ProfessorShull is living in Asheville, NorthCarolina, and reports he is keepingbusy in a Victory garden.Inga M. K. Allison, SM '25, willretire from the Faculty of ColoradoAgricultural and Mechanical Collegeat Fort Collins. She has been on thefaculty since 1908, and has been Deanof the Division of Home Economicsfor the past eleven years.1907W. A. McDermid, '07, has been appointed Chief of the Advertising andPublicity Division of the Departmentof Commerce. Mr. McDermid joinedthe War Production Board in February, 1942, as a consultant and laterwas Branch Chief and Assistant Director of Equipment Division. Before joining WPB he headed his own company in New York, as industrialmanagement counsel.Agnes^rdd e partmentE d u c ationat Barnardter 27 yearsof service. Inaddition toteaching, shewas for twelve years a chairmanof the Executive Committee ofthe Women's Division of theNational Amateur Athletic Federation, president of the Alumni Association of the Universityof Chicago from 1915 to 1916,president of the American Association for Health, PhysicalEducation and Recreation anda member of the White HouseCommittee on Child Health andProtection. Miss Wayman wasgranted the Distinguished Service Award by the American Association for Health, PhysicalEducation and Welfare in 1932,and elected a member of theAcademy of Physical Sciences in1936. In 1942, she was the recipient of an Alumni Citationfrom the University of Chicago.She has been a speaker at agreat many educational conventions, and is the author of alarge number of articles andstudies as well as three wellknown books: "EducationThrough Physical Education,""A Modern Philosophy of Physical Education," and "PioneerWomen in Physical Education."E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182La Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York— Philadelphia— SyracuseT IT E UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M A G A Z I N E 21POSTWAROPPORTUNITIESfor Engineers andTechnical WenThis advertisement is addressedprimarily to men in the militaryservices who are doing some personal postwar planning.Our postwar plans contemplate anexpansion of facilities and products.We need 25 to 30 men technicallytrained in radio, radar and electronicsfor product, process and salesengineering.The opportunities in engineering arein the grades of: section engineers;senior and junior design or processengineers, both electrical and mechanical; laboratory technicians;draftsmen, senior and junior layoutmen and detailers; specification engineers; production supervisors,salesmen of the engineering type;field service technicians.Salaries are in accordance with thecompensation standards of the General Motors Corporation. Thesestandards include every element ofpersonal security and stability that amodern industrial organization caninclude to attract and keep the kindof people it needs — the kind ofpeople it now has.Prewar we were one of the threelargest producers of automobile radioreceivers. The decision to expand ouroperations in the electronic and radiofield is a significant one, we believe.It offers a vast field of opportunityfor ambitious young men with therequisite background of educationand early experience — limited onlyby the capabilities of the individual.We are located in a good, typicalAmerican home town — a happy combination of small -town friendshipsand big-town conveniences. A communication will have the earnestand confidential consideration of ourexecutives. Director of Personnel,Delco Radio Division, General MotorsCorporation, Kokomo, Indiana. rector of Equipment Division. Before joining WPB he headed his owncompany in New York, as industrialmanagement counsel.1910Julius F. McDonald, AM, retiredas director of Extension Division,Texas Tech. College on Sept. 1, 1945,and has been doing war work atOklahoma City Technical Air Depot.1911Eugene F. Kline has resumed lawpractice in Los Angeles after overtwenty years in finance lines, duringwhich time he was not actively inpractice. He is interesting himself inan effort to reform the "deplorable,lawless, inhumane, and un-Americanconditions in private sanitariums formental cases."1912A. Boyd Pixley is serving as Civilian Consultant to the Secretary ofWar, Food Service Section. He visitswar plants, arsenals, camps and colleges to check the food served to warworkers and service men. He is alsoa member of the Civilian Army Council serving on the staff of the Commanding General, 6th Service Command.Robert W. Baird has retired after33 years in the lumber business. After leaving the campus in June, 1912,he went to work in a saw mill inwestern Montana, and had been conducting his own retail lumber business since 1919, seven years in Montana and the balance in Carlsbad,California.Annette B. Hopkins, PhD, retiredat the end of the academic year 1943-44 from her professorship in GoucherCollege and since then has been actively engaged in research and writing.1913Col. Sanford Sellers, Jr., AM '34,has accepted a position as superintendent of Morgan Park MilitaryAcademy at Chicago. Col. Sellerssucceeds Col. Harry D. Abells, '97,who will become superintendentemeritus after 47 years as superintendent.1914Edwin Joseph Cohn, PhD '17, professor of Biological Chemistry in theMedical School of Harvard University, was the recipient of an honorarydegree of Doctor of Science fromColumbia University at the JuneCommencement, for "research in thephysiology and chemical compositionof blood, the results of which havenot only greatly increased fundamental scientific knowledge but havesaved many thousands of lives amongthose wounded in the war." 1915With a son and husband in service,Margaret Fenton Headland has goneback to advertising copy writing. Herhusband, Paul B. Headland, '14, isa major in the medical corps andhas been stationed in France since1944. Her daughter, Elizabeth RudHeadland, '44, has a position withTime, Inc., in personnel work.Dr. Louis Bothman, MD '17, hasmoved his office to 30 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago.Brent Dow Allinson has recentlybeen appointed instructor in SocialScience in the new and experimentalBasic College (largely modeled uponthe University of Chicago plan) atMichigan State College, East Lansing, Michigan.1916Dr. Josiah J. Moore, SM, MDRush '12, president of the ChicagoMedical Society, recently received anhonorary degree of Doctor of Lawsfrom Montana State University atJune commencement exercises in Missoula, Montana. Dr. Moore wasgraduated from Montana State University in 1907.Ralph W. Davis, partner of PaulH. Davis and Co., and a member ofthe Chicago Stock Exchange since1922, was recently elected chairmanof the board of governors of the exchange at the annual election of officers'.1917Elinor E. Pancoast, AM '22, PhD'27, is on leave from Goucher College,where she is professor of economics,and is serving as social science analyst in the Bureau of Old-Age andSurvivors Insurance of the U. S. Social Security Board.Dr. Karl M. Nelson, MD Rush '20,has two sons following in his footsteps. Dexter Nelson, '43, receivedhis MD at June convocation, andKenneth Nelson, '45, is a student inmedical school and hopes to receivehis MD from Chicago at the end ofnext year.Harold P. Huls, JD '21, has recently been elected president of thePasadena Bar Association.1918Ruth E. Young, AM '23, associateprofessor of Italian at Smith Collegehas gone abroad in Governmentservice.John Nuveen, Jr., trustee of theUniversity, was elected president ofthe Chicago Sunday Evening Clubrecently.Wm. S. Hedges, '18, and Mrs. Hedges celebrated their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary on April 21, 1945.22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPOSTWAROPPORTUNITIESINPUBLIC ACCOUNTINGLeading firm of accountants and auditors with offices in all parts of theUnited States will welcome communications from alumni interested inpostwar careers in public accounting. Openings are available as follows:Young men with a major in accounting who went directly fromCollege to the armed forces who nowwish to make public accounting theirprofession.Young men with several years inindustrial accounting who wish toenter public accounting.Men with extensive experience inpublic accounting especially individuals with C. P. A. Certificates.Men with specialized experiencein tax accounting.Send resume of qualifications andphotograph, if readily available, toBox 5.American Alumni Council22 Washington SquareNew York 11. N. Y.ACADEMY HONORS ALUMNIThe National Academy ofSciences honored three University alumni, Marvin J. Kelly, PhD'19, Robert R. Williams, '07, SM'08, DSc '41, and B. H. Willier,PhD '20. by election to membership at the recent elections.PETERSONFIREPROOFWAREHOUSESTORAGEMOVING•Foreign — DomesticShipments•55th & ELLIS AVENUEPHONEMIDway 9700 1919George W. Jennings, '19, formerlygeneraf manager of Haskins Brothersand Company in Omaha, Nebraska,has been appointed works managerof Soap and Edible Products, Ltd.,Kingston, Jamaica, and moved therewith his family about August 1 During the winter Mr. Jennings spentabout two months in Brazil surveying a large soap company's operations1921Henry R. Sackett, '21, JD '29, assistant U. S. Attorney for NorthernIndiana, has been named as a member of the prosecuting staff of theWar Grimes Commission to aid inthe prosecution of high Nazi officials.Mr. Sackett is a former president ofthe Gary Alumni Club.Irving C. Reynolds, '21, presidentand manager of the Franklin Creamery Company, Toledo, Ohio, has beentemporarily located in Chicago forthe past year as Director of Procurement, Perishable Foods for ArmedForces. Mrs. Reynolds was the former Ruth Irene Hamilton, of theclass of '21.Helen E. Elcock, AM, taught atsummer school this year at KansasState College, Manhattan, Kansas.Dr. F. Taylor Gurney, PhD '35,recently conducted a party of Persianjournalists on a cross country tour.Dr. Gurney is an attache of the U.S.Dept. of State.Although the Army would not takehis at the close of the school yearin 1917, Francis J. Hughes was drafted in 1942, and served nine monthsas student and later instructor inRadio Mechanics at Truax Field,Wisconsin. Mr. Hughes has now returned to civilian life, having receivedhis discharge in January, 1945, after> nearly two years in the enlistedreserve.1922Jeannette H. Foster, AM, PhD '35,taught at the Emory U LibrarySchool in Atlanta this summerAppointment of Dr. Sidney J.French as dean of the faculty at Colgate University has been announcedDr French is also a member of Colgate's Post- War Committee whose recently announced core curriculum hasaroused wide comment among educators.Edwards A. H. Fuchs, PhD ,'33,formerly head of modern languagedepartment at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky from 1925-42, wasdischarged from the army on April23, 1943, where he had served inmilitary intelligence Since then hehas worked in steel plants and air plane factories, and since Dec. 1,1943, has been one of the editors ofWebster's New International Dictionary.Albert W. Giles, PhD, of the University of Arkansas, was in chargeof the programs in geology and geography for pre-flight and ASTP students until such programs were terminated in March.1923T. Louise Viehoff, AM '35, is going overseas with the American RedCross as a recreation worker.Dr. Robert V. Merrill, PhD, andMrs. Merrill (Mary Letitia Fyffe,'14 ) have a new alumni member inthe family. Daughter Danica Merrill received her AB degree at Winterconvocation, '45.John P. Harris has been dischargedfrom the Army and is operating theHutchinson Publishing Company inHutchinson, Kansas, again.1924C. Lawrence Christenson, '24, PhD'31, recently returned to his positionas Professor of Economics at IndianaUniversity, and was appointed chairman of the department July 1. Dr.Christenson was on leave to serve aseconomic adviser to the governmentof the Republic of Costa Rica.1925Irwin H. Goldman, JD '27, reports that his twin sons Richard andDaniel, celebrated their ninth birthday on May 15, and he hopes theywill make the class of 1958.Brucia L. Dedinsky, AM '26, PhD'43, spent the summer of 1944 inMexico, travelling and studying. Shespent part of her time at the University of Mexico, and the rest intravel, staying part of the time atthe American Friends Service Committee Work Camps at Tetecala andMiacatlan.Capt. Ralph D. Bennett, PhD '25,is technical director of the NavalOrdnance Laboratory, on leave fromthe Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyA. D. Beittel, '25, PhD '29, professor of sociology since 1935 andfor several years dean of GuilfordCollege, on August 1 officially endedhis tenure of service to assume newduties as president of Talladega College in Alabama.John Day Larkin, AM, has resumed his teaching as of March 1,after having been on leave from theIllinois Institute of Technology forthe past nine months as full timechairman of the Sixth Regional WarLabor Board. Mr. Larkin is continuing to serve the WLB as a partTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23CLIFTON UTLEY HONOREDAt the commencement exercises held atAppleton, Wisconsin, on June 24, 1945, thehonorary degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon Clifton Utley, '26.The Citation, by Nathan M. Pusey, President of Lawrence College, read as follows:"Clifton Utley, we of the Middle West havenot been remarkable for either our interest inor our knowledge of foreign affairs. You, amiddle westerner who have given virtually thewhole of your adult life to the subject, areclearly, therefore, a rare bird."And yet, events have proven, a very rightsort of a bird, and one for whom a fittingelement has at last been created by the cataclysms of our time. Lifted from preoccupationwith the local aspects of our own affairs by the process of history, untutored and inadequately prepared for the world-wide thinking we arenow called upon to perform, it is a matter of first importance henceforththat we shall know what is going on everywhere on our planet, thatwe shall get the story straight, and that we shall understand its meaning.For it is still true, despite the host of obscurantism appealing for ourfaith, that in light there is truth."Because of the great work which you are doing, then, as an educator, because of the high standards of accuracy and impartiality whichyou have set for yourself in what is still a very new profession, andbecause of your supremely fine sense for meaning and for the significant,we are supremely happy today to confer upon you the degree of Doctorof Laws, honoris causa, and to admit you to all its rights and privileges."time public member of the board,and chairman of its Trucking Panel.Dr. W. C. Pierce, MS '25, PhD'28, resigned from the faculty of theUniversity of Chicago to accept aposition as Chairman in the Department of Chemistry at Pomona College, Claremont, California, and assumed his new duties on September1. Dr. Pierce has been on leave ofabsence as Associate Professor in theDepartment of Chemistry at Chicagosince January, 1942, doing war workwith the Office of Scientific Researchand Development. During the summer of 1944, he made a three monthstrip to the Southwest Pacific theater,as technical observer, visiting installations in Australia and New Guinea. In his new position, Dr. Piercewill be associated with Dr. StanleyD. Wilson, PhD '16, who until thewar was head of the Science Department in a Chinese University. During the war period he had been acting head of the Chemistry Department at Pomona.Mrs. C. M. Kanute (Bernadine M.Goebel) has moved to 822 South 7thStreet, St. Charles, Illinois.Horace Mann Bond, AM, PhD '36,former president of Fort Valley College, Georgia, was elected presidentof Lincoln University in June. Dr.Bond is the first colored presidentin the 90 year old liberal arts collegeand has distinguished himself in thefield of education.1926Harold H. Titus, PhD, was thespeaker at the Alumni Banquet during the Annual Spring Convocationat the Colgate-Rochester DivinitySchool. He has been granted a sabbatical leave of absence from theDept. of Philosophy at Denison University for the first semester of 1945-46 in order to do some writing.1927On May 3, Rev. Homer D. Mitchell was installed as pastor of theFirst Presbyterian Church of Marquette, Michigan.Pearl Hogrefe, PhD, has been promoted to a full professorship at IowaState College, Ames, Iowa. She isalso working as State FellowshipChairman for the Iowa Division ofA.A. U. W., and has a textbook oncreative writing in preparation.1928Clarence E. Glick, AM, PhD '38,is on leave of absence from BrownUniversity working on soldier moraleproblems in the Research Branch, I.and E. Division, of the War Department. Prior to this, he was workingon civilian morale problems with theOffice pf Facts and Figures.. Mrs. Wm. Saphir (Carol L. HessSM '31) is living in Chicago with herthree children, while Captain Saphirserves with the 10th Army in theSouth Pacific.Ewing Carruth Scott, PhD, has accepted a position as Associate Professor of Chemistry at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. Priorto this, Dr. Scott was with the U. S.Tariff Commission in Washington.Oscar K. Dizmang, AM, has accepted a position as District PriceEconomist with the Office of PriceAdministration at Spokane, Washington.Ruchiel A. Mirrielees has moved to11242 Church Street, Chicago 43.1929Harry G. Guthmann, PhD, is serving as acting chairman of the Department of Finance and the Departmentof Business Administration in theNavy V-12 program at NorthwesternUniversity for the duration. He published an article on the CommonStock Financing problem in the Winter issue of the "Harvard BusinessReview." FINE BONE CHINAAynsley, Spode and Other FamousMakes. Also Crystal and GiftsGolden Dirilyte(Formerly Dirigold)The Lifetime TablewareSOLID— NOT PLATEDService for Eight, $41.75GOLDEN HUED BABY SPOONS «1While they last «pl ta.COMPLETE TABLE APPOINTMENTSDirigo, Inc.70 E Jackson Blvd. Chicago, III.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEREUNION IN WASHINGTONCharter Alumni of the Instituteof Military Studies from its originin 1 940 were gathered at dinnerat the home of Mr. A. L. H.Rubin in Washington on July 21.Mr. Rubin, who is a civilian assistant to the Secretary of War, hasas his guests Col. William J.Mather, '17, of Army ServiceForces, Commander Leon P.Smith, AM '28, PhD '30, of theNavy, Lt. Col, Albert Lepawsky,'27, PhD '31, of the Air Forces,and Major Rea Keast, '36, of theGround Forces. Col. Mather hasrecently been transferred fromCommand of a Regiment to StaffDuty as Chief of Regular TroopTraining, Army Service Forces.Elizabeth Myrtle Adles is servingwith the American Red Cross asTask Force Secretary with the 297thGeneral Hospital in England. Shehas been overseas since June, 1944.1930Frances R. Brown, AM, has completed her first year as Dean of ChevyChase Junior College, after havingbeen out of school work eighteenmonths serving with the Red Cross.Harry Edgren, AM '35, is NationalProgram Coordinator of USO, andis giving half time to the Army towrite a teaching manual on sports.Elmer K. Higdon has been appointed by the Philippine Committee ofthe Foreign Missions Conference toENGLEWOODELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALS ANDFIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 EnglewoodS. Halsted Street 7500BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED ~ BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoChicago's OutstandingDRUG STORES go to the Philippines at the earliestdate permitted by the military torepresent all major Protestant Boardsof Foreign Missions in encouragingFilipino churchmen and helping themget relief organized.Loretta Maude Miller, AM '38,spent four months recently in In-Service Training of Teachers, in cooperation with the State Departmentof Public Instruction. During thatperiod she visited 25 schools in 18towns in Washington, and reportsshe is beginning to feel acquainted inWashington.Einar L. Bjorklund, AM '33, recently received the War Departmentaward for meritorious civilian service at the Chicago Ordnance District where he is chief of the generaloffice division. Presentation of theaward was made by Col. John Slezak,district chief. Bjorklund was presented with a citation from Gen.Brehon B. Somervell, commandinggeneral, Army Service Forces, commending his supervision of the Chicago Ordnance District's warehousing program which involved makingextensive arrangements for the storage of government owned machinetools and surplus property. Bjorklund joined the staff of the ChicagoOrdnance District in September,1942, taking leave of absence from hisposition as a merchandise managerwith Marshall Field and Company.He and his wife (Martha N. Behrendt'20) live at 5709 Dorchester Ave.,Chicago.1931Fred B. Millett, PhD, professor ofEnglish at Wesleyan University andauthor of "The Rebirth of LiberalEducation," served as chairman ofthe New England Conference on theRenaissance, held on May 4 and 5at Middleton, Conn., and attendedby seventy-five scholars in the field.A new book, "Soldier You're IT!",by Ralph W. Nelson, PhD, was pub-Alice Banner Englewood 3181COLORED HELPFACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMILLS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agcy., 5534 S. State St.ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTiie, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893 lished by Association Press in June.According to the author, "it is pragmatic philosophy brought down toearth for the problems of the serviceman."Lewis M. Turner, PhD, is busy revising courses of study, recruiting newstaff members and making preparations for a large number of forestrystudents after the war at Utah StateAgricultural College.Dr. George Duke Humphrey, AM,reported to Laramie, Wyoming, inJuly to take over his duties as newpresident of the University of Wyoming. Prior to this, Dr. Humphreywas president of Mississippi State college, where he had been since 1934.1932Ralph H. Masure has returned toSao Paulo, Brazil, to his post in theU. S. Consulate. He reports inflationthere makes the living costs very similar to those here.Christine Heinig is returning toAmerica after seven years in Australia as Field Officer of the AustralianAssociation for Pre-School Child Development. Miss Heinig went toAustralia on loan from the teachingstaff of Columbia University.Mary S. Waller writes she hasagain established postal relations withher many friends in France andSwitzerland. She had not heard directly from them since the spring of1940 when she trekked across Francewith thousands of other refugees.Their restrictions of food, fuel andclothing make our rationing soundlike abundance yet she finds no complaint in their letters. Miss Walleris anxious to get back and help insome way as she did formerly in theSocial Centre in Chateau Thierry.Samuel J. Horowitz, JD '34, has ason Roger, 3/2 years old and a daughter Jill, 1 y2 years old, and writes^ thathe hopes they attend Chicago someday.Dr. Kenneth Landon, AM '32, PhD'38, is assistant chief in the Divisionof the Southwest Pacific Affairs ofthe State Department. Dr. Landonspent many years in the Far East asa missionary and from 1937-41 washead of the Philosophy Departmentat Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana. He went to Washington in1941 to assist in starting the workDEWEY & WHALEN INC.Plain & OrnamentalPLASTERINGAuthorized All-Bond Contractors4035 PhoneLawrence Ave. Pensacola 8040T HE UNI V E R S I T Y ( ) E C 11 I C A G O M ACAZINKof the Office of Strategic Services inthe Far East. He later transferred tothe State Department, where hisknowledge of Thailand and the FarEastern islands could be of the mosthelp to the war effort.Robert E. Asher, AM '34, is stationed at Versailles, France, helpingto administer U.N.R.R.A. His special field is "Displaced Persons." Hehas been in Europe 5 months after a7 month stay in North Africa withthe Lend Lease Administration.1933Mrs. Marcel Carl (Anne Mitchell)worked as English translator fromSpanish and French at the UnitedNations Conference in San Francisco.1934Mr. W. A. Pitcher, DB '39, andMrs. Pitcher ( Emma H. Bickham '37)are now living in Granville, Ohio,where Mr. Pitcher is Associate Professor of Religion and also directs thecampus religious program at DenisonUniversity. They have two children,Hugh Martin, four years old, andElizabeth Ann, two.Cecilia Schuck, PhD, is teachingand supervising graduate research atPurdue University, contributing tothe preparation of young women forcommissions as Army dietitians.1935Hilmar F. Luckhardt, AM '36, iscurrently writing a concerto for vi-olincello and orchestra, an orchestraloverture, a nearly-completed symphony, and a nearly completed stringquartet. He has a research grant-in-aid which permits him to concentrate exclusively on composition, andis junior advisor in the School ofMusic at the University of Wisconsinand chairman of the Concerts Committee.1936Mrs. Warren Tingley (Marjorie A.Leighty) has moved from Oak Parkto 412 E. 44th Street, Crestview,Route 4, North Kansas City, Missouri.Mrs. Fritz Newgarten (BerniceLevin, AM '37, PhD '43) has accepted an appointment as ResearchAssociate at the University of .Chicago-Grace Daugherty has retired fromher position as principal of GarfieldRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192 School in Lakewood, Ohio.Dr. Rolf Syvertsen, MD Rush '36,has been appointed Dean of theDartmouth Medical School. Dr. Syvertsen will remain on the faculty asprofessor of anatomy, a positionwhich he has held since 1938.William J. Faulkner, AM, has returned as Dean of the Chapel atFisk University, after a leave to lecture for the American Friends ServiceCommittee in Quaker and non-Quaker schools and colleges in the MiddleAtlantic and Midwestern states, asan interpreter of the best in the Negrocommunity to the white communitythrough these schools and colleges.Parry L. Starbuck, MBA, has beentransferred to the Endicott, NewYork, office of International BusinessMachines, and is moving to 21 Rae-ford Road, Vestal, New York.Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Hikade (Geor-giana Murphy) have moved into theirown home at 14200 South LaSalleSt., Riverdale, Illinois.1937Oren H. Baker, PhD, has beenelected Dean of the Divinity Schooland professor of Pastoral Theology atthe Colgate -Rochester DivinitySchool. He has been a member ofthe faculty there since 1935, and hasbeen professor of Applied Christianityand Pastoral Counseling.Lyman C. Huff, SM '39, has justreturned from a three month trip toEngland and France for the U. S.Geological Survey. Mr. and Mrs.Huff (Sara W. Chase '39) are livingin Washington, D. C.Jacob Uhrich, PhD, and his wifeVirginia, are the proud parents oftwin daughters a little over a yearold.Gordon G. MacLean, in partnership with W. T. Ericson, has purchased the "South Coast News" atLaguna Beach, California, and willedit and publish the paper.AMERICANPHOTO ENGRAVING CO.Photo EngraversArtists — ElectrotypersMakers of Printing Plates429 TelephoneS. Ashland Blvd. Monroe 7515NEILER, RICH & CO.(NOT INC.)ENGINEERSMechanical and ElectricalConsulting and Designing431 So. Dearborn StreetChicago 5, III.Telephone Harrison 7691 Alden R. Loosli has recently beenpromoted to Assistant Manager ofDivision A, Calco Chemical Division,American Cyanamid Company atBound Brook, New Jersey.Mrs. Richard L. Naibert (ElizabethL. Thompson) has moved from FortWarren, Wyoming, to Clinton, Iowa,where her husband is on the staff ofSchick General Hospital.Laurence L. Sloss, PhD, is on leaveas associate professor of Geology atthe Montana School of Mines, and isworking as geologist with the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geologyengaged in cooperative oil and gasinvestigations with the U. S. Geological Survey.Leslie A. Stauber, PhD, is associateprofessor of Zoology at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N. J. Before accepting this position he wasan associate in Pharmacology at theSquibb Institute of Medical Research.Elizabeth P. Dame has been busyspeaking in Rockford before variousgroups on Arabia since her returnto this country. In connection withthe recent publicity on His MajestyKing Ibn Saud of Saudi-Arabia, shewrites "it thrills me to realize that atpresent I am the only woman in theU. S. who has a personal acquaintance with the King and who has conversed with him many times in hisown language and who knows hiswives and family. I have had finetrips to his capitol, Riijadh, and havespent several months at a time there."Hubert L. Minton, PhD, is headof the Department of Geography atPlaters, SilversmithsSpecialists . . .GOLD, SILVER. RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Re finished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CENtral 6089-90 ChicagoBLACKSTONEHALLAnExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering, Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748Blackstone Ave. TelephonePlaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe Arkansas State Teachers College,and is also director of Extension andPublic Relation for the college. Heis a member of the Arkansas Economic Council making plans foraverting post war unemployment, andstate chairman of the Committee onVisual Education for the ArkansasCongress of Parents and Teachers.Doris M. Hunter has accepted aposition of chemist at the Universityof Illinois Medical School. Previously, she had been working for theSixth Service Command Laboratoryat Fort Sheridan.Aubrey W. Naylor, SM '38, PhD'40, has been an instructor in Botanyat Northwestern University, and hasrecently received notice of appointment as a National Research Fellowfor the year 1945-46. He is planningto do his work at Boyce ThompsonInstitute for Plant Research, Yonkers,New York. Mrs. Naylor (FrancesV. LLoyd, PhD '40) is working asa research chemist in the laboratoriesof Armour and Company.1938Mrs. Blair D. Morrisey (ElizabethA. Barden) is living in Haverstraw,New York, with her son Blair, whileCaptain Morrissey is in a Field Artillery Battalion somewhere in Europe.1939Will S. DeLoach, PhD, was commissioned a 1st Lieutenant in the U.S. Public Health Service in March,and is in charge of chemical investigations in Carter Memorial Laboratory, the research lab of malaria control in war areas program.Arnold Crompton, AM, left theUnitarian Church at Erie, Pennsylvania, and accepted the pastorate ofthe First Unitarian Church of Oakland, California. He has also beenelected to the board of trustees ofthe Starr King School for the Ministry, at Berkeley, Cal.BOYDSTON BROS.All phones OAK. 0492operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.CADILLAC EQUIPMENT EXCLUSIVELYTuckerDecorating Service5559 S. Cottage Grove Ave.Phone MIDway 4404 Mrs. David O. Harris (ElizabethJ. Brown) is working as a Case- Aidein the South Suburban Office of theChicago Chapter of the AmericanRed Cross while her husband is withthe armed forces overseas.Aaron Q. Sartain, PhD, is consulting psychologist at North AmericanAviation, Inc., in addition to his duties as associate professor of Psychology at Southern Methodist University. (Edward H. Spicer, PhD, is head ofthe Community Analysis Section ofthe War Relocation Authority, whichhas charge of the 100,000 JapaneseAmericans who were evacuated fromthe West Coast in the spring of 1942.The Community Analysis Section hasan analyst in each relocation centerwho studies the community, in orderto advise the administration and alsoto document this program, which isunique in American history. Mrs.Spicer (Rosamond B. Spicer, AM'39) is an information specialist inthe Reports Division of the War Relocation Authority.A. T. DeGroot has accepted a position as Dean of Chapman College,Los Angeles, California.1940Rosemary F. Wiley, AM '41, isworking on her doctor's degree withthe Committee on Social Thought atChicago.Heber C. Snell, PhD, has left theLatter Day Sainte Institute, where hehas been director for nine years, andhas gone to the Institute of Religionat the Utah State Agricultural College in Logan, Utah.Louise B. Freeman, PhD, is working as Assistant State Geologist inLexington, Kentucky. Her husbandis serving in Germany with the NinthArmy.1941William D. Burbank, PhD, spentthe summer as an instructor in Invertebrate Zoology at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole,VlassAnne L. Lewis, SM, PhD '43, hasaccepted an appointment as AssistantProfessor of Mathematics at theWoman's College of the University ofNorth Carolina.Margaret Wiesenden, AM, has lefther position as Psychologist at theInstitute for Juvenile Research, foroverseas duty with the Displaced Persons Program of UNRRA.Esther Durkee is working for theUSO in San Diego, California.Hans L. Leonhardt, PhD, has beengranted citizenship of the UnitedStates, and has been promoted fromassistant professor to associate pro fessor in the Department of Historyand Political Science at MichiganState College.1942Constance Williams, PhD, is Senior Economist with the NationalWar Labor Board in Washington,D. C.Lt. (j.g.) and Mrs. J. O. Weisen-berg (Margaret M. Amrhein '42) areliving at Till No. Los Robles, Pasadena, California, where Joe is studying aeronautical engineering at California Institute of Technology.Mrs. William D. Lampard (Katharine S. Piatt) is living in Coronado,California. Her daughter, Barbara,recently celebrated her first birthday.Hyman Zimmerman, SM, PhD '42,has been appointed an instructor atthe North Carolina State College ofAgriculture and Engineering, Raleigh,North Carolina.1943Maurice F. Seay, PhD, has justcompleted the direction of a surveyof public elementary, secondary andhigher education in Alabama. Thissurvey was authorized by the Alabama Legislature and conducted under the general supervision of a Survey Commission of seven laymen,citizens of Alabama. The report ofthe survey has just been publishedby the American Council on Education.John B. McConaughy, PhD, is associate professor of Political Scienceand International Relations at theUniversity of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, and is engagedBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.All Phones OAKIand 0492Phones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.INC.Awnings and Canopies for AH Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueThe Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324THE UNIVERSITY OE CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27in forming a South Carolina Institute of International Relations anda South Carolina Council on International Relations.Pvt. Eleanor Skeen, AM '43, WAC,has been assigned as psychiatric social worker at Mason General Hospital, Brentwood, Long Island. Pvt.Skeen is the daughter of D. A. Skeen,LLB '10, president of the Salt LakeCity Alumni Club, prominent attorney, and president of Lion's International.Felicity Fonger is working for theSouth District Office of the ChicagoChapter of the American Red Cross,and reports getting a big thrill outof notifying the families of some ofher classmates that they had beenliberated from German prison camps.Raymond A. deRoover, PhD, hasaccepted a position in the department of Economics of Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. Mrs. deRoover(Florence Edler '20, AM '23, PhD'30) is on a two year leave of absence from teaching history at Mac-Murray College, Jacksonville, Illinois,to work on a business biography ofFrancesco di Giuliano de' Medici, acousin of Lorenzo the Magnificent.1944Mrs. John H. Kornblith (Ina JeanRussakov) is working as junior chemist with a vegetable dehydrating company and is living in Vacaville, California, while her husband is in theSouth Pacific.Charlotte G. Dragstedt is workingat Northwestern University as mathe-SPRAGUEIRON WORKS44 1 0 WEST ADDISON ST.TELEPHONEPALISADE - - 2210Albert K. Epstein, "12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6?° CONCRETEFLOORSSIDEWALKSMACHINE FOUNDATIONSEMERGENCY WORKALL PHONESbt.iw Wentworth 44226639 So. Vernon Ave. matician with the Office of ScientificResearch and Development. Prior tothis she worked six months with theNational Advisory Committee forAeronautics at Langley Field in Virginia.Mrs. Robert G. Swan (DorotheaM. Fruechtenicht, AM) has been appointed Assistant Professor of Art atthe Southern Illinois Normal University at Carbondale, Illinois.1945David R. Duncan, PhD, is completing his work for his MD at theUniversity of Colorado, while Mrs.Duncan (Irma Wagner, SM '35) isteaching science at Colorado Woman's College. Their two small sons,David and Paul are in first gradeand pre-school classes, respectively.SOCIAL SERVICEOf the students who took their AMdegrees at the Spring, 1945, convocation, Lillian Blecher is Case WorkWorker with the Jewish Children'sBureau in Chicago; Betty Lou Dietrich is Case Worker with the ChicagoOrphan Asylum; Dorothy Mae Johnson is psychiatric social worker withthe American Red Cross, U. S. NavalTraining Center at Simpson, NewYork; Faith Jefferson Jones is Deanof Women at Hampton Institute,Hampton, Virginia; Ruth IrelanKnee is with the U. S. Public HealthService in Washington; Dolores LaCaro is Chief of the Bureau of Social Service, Department of PublicHealth, Santurce, Puerto Rico; HelenMacKenzie is a Case Worker with theChildren's Friend Society in Boston;Marguerite Powell is County ChildWelfare Worker, Children's Division,Department of Public Welfare, NewMexico; Beth Silver Sheffel is CaseWorker with the Jewish Social Service Bureau in Chicago; Audrey Prin-gle Sheppard is Case Worker withthe Veteran's Administration inMadison, Wisconsin; Eleanor Per-love Soroker is Medical SocialWorker with Cook County Hospitalin Chicago; Fred Herman Steiningeris Case Work Supervisor, Lake County Department of Public Welfare,Gary, Indiana; Esther Twente is Assistant Professor of Sociology at theUniversity of Kansas; Idabel Waddyis Case Worker with the Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare in Chicago; and Shirley Wattenberg is Medical Social Worker at Cook CountyHospital in Chicago.Claire Stong Newlon, AM '42, hasrecently been appointed case worksupervisor in the Home Service Division of the American Red Cross inDenver, Colorado. An interesting and helpful newpublication is Common HumanNeeds: An Interpretation for Staffand Public Assistance Agencies; byCharlotte Towle, Professor of SocialService Administration. This comesout as Public Assistance Report No. 8,Social Security Board, Bureau ofPublic Assistance.Floyd Hunter, AM '31, is now Director of Welfare Building Associates,Federal Capital Campaigns. This is anew organization designed to makebetter quarters possible for socialservices. Mr. Hunter is now locatedin Atlanta, Georgia, but expects tomove to Washington, D.C, after thefirst of the year.Dorothy C. Winchester, AM '38,has been made Director of Child Welfare in the Kansas State Departmentof Public Welfare and will take overher new duties in the near future.Alton Linford, AM '38, joined thefaculty of the School as AssistantProfessor of Social Service Administration beginning with the summerquarter. Mr. Linford, since completing his work here, has been withthe faculty of the School of SocialWork at Simmons College.Georgia Ball Travis, AM '31, hasrecently taken a position with theDenver Tuberculosis Society, at Denver, Colorado.I. Evelyn Smith, AM '32, has lefther position with the Council of Social Agencies of Chicago to becomea consultant in Foster Home Carewith the U. S. Children's Bureau.Rev. John L. Mixon, AM '37, isDirector of the Welfare Bureau ofthe Church Federation in Los Angeles.MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and Secretarial TrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association ofAccredited Commercial Schools1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 213028 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAnne S. Winslow, AM '42, has accepted a position as case work supervisor at the Lewis County WelfareDepartment, Chehalis, Washington.Edith Lockley, AM '42, is nowworking in the New York State Department of Mental Hygiene, and isliving in Brooklyn, New York.Mary Peck, AM '44, has recentlyaccepted a position with the Children's Division of the State Department" of Public Welfare in Washington.Maxine Dietrich Leftwich, AM '44,is now a social worker with the Juvenile Court in Washington, D. C.Elsie M. Kerkhoff, AM '45, has accepted a position with the MilwaukeeCounty Guidance Clinic.ENGAGEMENTSMrs. Irma C. Bartley of Washington, D. C. announced on March 18,the engagement of her daughter, JeanGifford Dante, to Corporal Henry D.Lytton '35. Formerly with the BoardEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits Itawork to the university and college field.It is affliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsrs well as of teachers.POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHoover* Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS — SINCE 1906 - —+ WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES+ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED +? ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE +IRAYNERi• DALHEIM &CO.20S+ W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO. of Economic Warfare in Washington, Henry has now completed 30months overseas as photo interpreterand intelligence specialist with the9th Air Force in Egypt, the Northwest African Photo ReconnaissanceWing, the target intelligence sectionof Mediterranean Allied Air ForceHeadquarters and the Fifth ArmyPhoto Intelligence Center.MARRIAGESAnna E. Moffet, '13, was marriedto Dr. Bruce Wilber Jarvis at Cheng-tu, Szechwan, China, on January 5,1945. Mrs. Jarvis is at present treasurer of all the Presbyterian missionsin Free China.Vera Adamson, '23, and AaronRubright were married on April 10,1945, in St. Petersburg, Florida.Wilton M. Krogman, '26, AM '27,PhD '29, Associate Professor of Anatomy and Physical Anthropology, andMary Winkley were married on April 18.Dellis L. Orkin, '31, and FredericC. Pharr were married on February15, 1945, and are living in Harbert,Michigan.Lt. Marshall T. Newman, USNR,'33, AM '35, and Lt. (j.g.) JudyBarton, NC, USNR, were married inLedington Chapel at the naval baseat Farragut, Idaho, on June 16, 1945.After leaving the service, Lt. Newmanand his wife expect to live in Washington, D. C. He is the son of Horatio H. Newman, PhD '05, ProfessorEmeritus of Zoology.Mary Louise Clifton and JohnRobert Womer, '35, were married onAugust 17th, at Kansas City, Missouri.Edna Belle Clarke, '36, was marriedon August 7, 1945, to Clarence V.King, at Macomb, Illinois.Major Donald Bussey, '37, and Lt.(j.g.) Anne Lauman were marriedon July 7, 1945. Since returning fromoverseas duty with the Seventh Army,Major Bussey has been in the Officeof the Chief of Staff, and they areliving in Washington, D. C.Margaret M. Randall, '37, andHarry Forwood were married June26, 1945, in New Canaan, Connecticut. Mr. and Mrs. Forwood are athome at 3 East 9th Street, New YorkCity.Ruth Deborah Sager, '38, and Seymour Melman were married on June4, 1944. Mrs. Melman is a graduatestudent at Columbia University.Allyn J. Franke, '41 LLB '42 andRita Link were married June 23 inSpringfield, Illinois.Ruth Steel, '41, married Lt. JamesS. Wilson, III of the Army Air Forces JOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1S82Arthur MichaudelDesigner and Maker ofDistinctive Stained Glass Windows542 North Paulina Street, ChicagoTelephone Monroe 2423PENDERCatch Basin and Sewer ServiceBack Water Valves, Sumps-Pumps6620 COTTAGE GROVE AVENUE1545 E. 63RD STREETFAIRFAX 0330-0550-0880PENDER CATCH BASIN SERVICE1545 EAST 63RD STREETBIENENFELDGLASS CORP. OF ILLINOISChicago's Most Complete Stock ofGLASS1525W. 35th St. PhoneLafayette 8400on March 25, 1945, in Denver, Colorado, where Lt. Wilson was stationedas a B-29 pilot. They met at MinterField, California, where he was instructing and Ruth was formerly assigned as a WASP.Alice Hayden, AM '41, was married on July 7, to Herbert RutledgeDeCamp.Pearl C. Rubins, '41, and T/Sgt.David Gottlieb, '41, were married onAugust 20th at Hanford, California.Mary M. Hammel, '41, and Richard Alban Davis were married February 26, 1945. Mrs. Davis is a Lt.(j.g.) and is stationed at the navalair station, Corpus Christi, Texas, asnavigation instructor.Edward G. Ference, '42, MD '44,was married to Mary O'Heren, R. N.on September 23, 1944. Dr. Ferencereported to Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pa., on July 6, 1945, for activeArmy service.Marian L. Hayes, AM '42, wasmarried May 6, 1944, to EnsignFrancis X. Miller of Boston. Mrs.Miller is casework supervisor for theSyracuse Chapter of the AmericanRed Cross, while Ensign Miller is onduty in the South Pacific.Jeanne J. MacDonald, '43 and Sgt.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29MOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF OUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIMURPHY BUTTER and EGG GO.WHOLESALE2016 CALUMET AVE.CHURNERS OF FANCY CREAMERY BUTTERFINEST WISCONSIN EGGSPhone CALumet 5731BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Dyers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 5380Ashjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1121Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000 Frank Van Brunt of the class of '42,were married June 22 at ThorndikeHilton Chapel on campus. Sgt. VanBrunt plans to return to the University for his degree upon his release from the armed forces. He isnow stationed in Washington, D. C,after two years overseas in Africa andItaly.J. Coert Rylaarsdam, PhD '44, andHarriet Loring Worcester, were married on May 20, 1945, in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Dr. Rylaarsdamhas accepted a position as assistantprofessor of Old Testament at theDivinity School of the University.Mary U. Davis and Robin C. Bu-erki, Jr. '44, were married on August7 in Wilmington, Delaware.On June 16, Dr. Robert G. Langdon, '44, MD '45, and Ellen AdamsSandlas, former faculty member ofthe University were married inThorndike-Hilton Chapel on campus.Dr. and Mrs. Langdon are at homein French Camp, California, whileDr. Langdon is interning at SanJoaquin County Hospital. Abraham W. Marcovich, '32, MD'37, was married October 7, 1945, toJacqueline Front.Martin B. Smith, '36, PhD '42, andWanda Schoen were married September 5, 1945, and are living in Coronado, California.Lt. George Shustek, '37 and LoisKorsan were married October 7,1944, in Oak Park, Illinois. Theyare now living in Brighton, Massachusetts.Ruth Ott, AM '37, to James OdellCary, Chicago, September 3, 1945.Rolf A. Weil, '42, AM '45, wasmarried on November 3 to LeniMetzger in Chicago.Lt. (j.g.) Philip Charles Strick,'42, and Phyllis Jean Hanson of theWAVES were married recently inthe Methodist church of Wahiawaon the island of Oahu, Hawaii.Lucy Serena Wright, AM '42, wasmarried August 25, 1944, to A. G.Elmendorf, and is living in Dallas,Texas.James B. Niday, '42, and MarciaHitchcock were married July 14,1945, in Kent, Ohio. They are nowat home in Chicago.TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 4566O'CALLAGHAN BROS., Inc.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.Placf&tone decoratingberimePhone Pullman 917010422 SMjooea mt., Chicago, 311.SUPER-GOLD CORPORATIONMANUFACTURERS OF COMMERCIALREFRIGERATION2221 South Michigan AvenueCHICAGO 16, ILLINOISCLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency63rd YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkJack "Buffalo" Woolams, '41, Alpha Delta Phi, recently found himself shakinghands with President Truman in the company of Mayor LaGuardia, followinga flight demonstration he put on in a P-59 Airacomet. Jack is Chief TestPilot for Bell Aircraft, and has been in Germany since V-E Day investigatingGerman jet planes. Mrs. Woolams is the former Mary M. Mayer, '41.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesACMESHEET METAL WORKSANIMAL CAGESandLaboratory Equipment1121 East 55th StreetPhone Hyde Park 9500TINY TOTSTERILIZEDDIAPER SERVICE1742-44E. 75th St. PLAza 8464Ensign Helena Leeming Emerson,'43, and Ensign Ralph Joseph Hartman were married on September 9,1945, at Hulett's Landing, New York.Helen Quisenberry, '43, and EarlM. Ratzer, '42, were married in June.Earl received his discharge from theArmy in September, and is back atthe University this fall.Ethel Mae Lewison, '43, was recently married to Harold A. Katz ofNashville, Tennessee. They are living at 5220 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago.Lt. George Plaut, '44, and PhyllisRademacher, '44, were married onMay 4, 1945, and are living inQuincy, Illinois.Jeanne Johnson, '46, and MajorB. K. Watts were carried June 2, inthe chapel at Wright Field, Dayton,Ohio. Jeanne recently received herdischarge from the WAVES.Mildred A. Carlson '45, and JosephTerry were married on July 16, 1945^and are living at 5641 South MayStreet in Chicago.Sharon L. Hard, '45, was marriedJune 9, 1945, to Leonard J. Petraitis.BIRTHSMr. and Mrs. Bernhard Hormann(Astrid Breasted, '38) announce thebirth of a son, Nicholas Arthur, onDecember 22, 1944, at Honolulu,T.H. They have two little girls, Sylvia and Pauline.Lt. Lloyd H. Chadbourn, MBA '39,and Mrs. Chadbourn announce thearrival of James Lloyd on July 5, TREMOMTAUTO SALES CORP.Authorized DealerCHRYSLER and PLYMOUTH6040 Cottage GroveMid. 4200Used Car DepartmentComplete Automobile RepairsBody Shop — Paint ShopSimonizing — WashingGreasingCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"A. T. STEWART LUMBER COMPANYEVERYTHING inLUMBER AND MILLWORK7855 Greenwood Ave. Vin 9000410 West I llth St. Pul 00341945, at Carmel, California. Lt.Chadbourn is stationed at Fort Ord.Alfred James Lewy was born onOctober 12, 1945, at Chicago Lying-in Hospital to Evelyn and MajorRobert B. Lewy, BS '30, MD '35.Mr. and Mrs. David L. Fowler(Jane S. Easton, '36) announce thearrival of a son, Bruce, on July 17,1945.Captain Elmer Walter Haertig,MD '39, and Mrs. Haertig announcethe arrival of a daughter, Barry Rogers, on the second of October, 1945.Janet Lynne was born December21, 1944, to Captain George R. Barry,SB ^40, MD '42, and Mrs. Barry(Kathryn I. MacLennan, '39).Mark Hayes Pittman was born onSeptember 12, 1945, to Riley HermanPittman, AM '40, and Mrs. Pittman(Marion Janet Hayes, AM '41 ) .A son, Robert Scott Whitely, wasborn on May 17, to Lt. Col. EdwardJ. Whitely, MD '40, and Mrs.Whitely (Rebecca Scott '40).Ensign David A. Heller, 43, andMrs. Heller announce the birth ofDavid Fons Heller on September 20,1945, at Bayonne, New Jersey.Lt. Earl G. Kunz, JD '43, was in Timothy A. BarrettPLASTERERRepairing A Specialty5549 S. Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Hyde Park 0653WILLIAMS, BARKER &SEVERN CO.AUCTIONEERSAuctioneers and AppraisersPublic auctions on owner's premises or at oursalesroomsAccept on consignment the better quality offurniture, works of art, books, rugs, bric-a-brac, etc.We sell on commission or buy outrightOur specialty liquidating estates, libraries, etc.229 S. Wabash Ave. Phone Harrison 3777GEO. D. MILLIGANCOMPANYPAINTING CONTRACTORS2101-9 South Kedzie AvenuePhone: Rockwell 8060Chicago on leave in September tocelebrate the arrival of a new daughter, Susan. Mrs. Kunz is the formerHelen L. Smith, '37.Lt. Arthur R. Bethke, '42, and Mrs.Bethke have a daughter, BarbaraAiling, born March 24, in New YorkCity. Art is stationed with the Control and Planning Division at theNew York Port of Embarkation.Born to Lt. Eugene C. Pomerance,'42, and Mrs. Pomerance, a daughter,Lynn Mercia, on July 26, 1945.Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Blair (BetteRose Katz '43) anounce the birthof a daughter, Lisa Sue Blair, onMarch 12, 1945.Lt. Stanley L. Cummings, '43, andMrs. Cummings announce the birthof a son on April 1, 1945. Lt. Cummings served with the 10th MountainDivision in Italy.Born to Mr. John T. Stough, former faculty member, and Mrs.Stough, a son, John T. Stough, Jr.Martin H. Hayes, '29, and Mrs.Hayes are the parents of a babydaughter, Margaret Ellen, born Feb.6, 1944.Harold M. Scholberg, PhD '33, andMrs. Scholberg (Yarmila A. Muller,SB '33) report that their daughterAnn has a new little sister namedLouise. Mr. and Mrs. Scholberg areliving in St. Paul, Minnesota, wherehe is connected with the MinnesotaMining and Mfg. Company.Born to Erik Wahlgren, '33, PhD'38, and Mrs. Wahlgren, a second son,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31Arvid Eriksson, on December 19,1944, at Los Angeles.On April 21, 1945, Christine Hamilton was born to Arthur S. Abbott,'33, and Mrs. Abbott (Marjorie M.Hamilton, '33).Born to Warren S. Askew '34, andMrs. Askew (Mary Anna Patrick '38)a second son, John Everett Askew, onJanuary 23, 1945.To Dr. and Mrs. Emery J. Fenwick(Margaret Marion Stimson, AM '36)a daughter, Helen Marie, born May14, 1945.Born to Dr. Howard B. Emerson'37, MD Rush '38, and Mrs. Emerson, a son, Thomas H. Emerson, onDecember 17, 1944, at Balboa, CanalZone.Born to Mr. and Mrs. Bryce L.Crawford, Jr. (Ruth Raney '37) ason, Craig Llewellyn, on February 8.Lt. and Mrs. Richard H. Abbott(Virginia Clark '37) announce thebirth of their first child, a son, Richard Clark Abbott on April 11, atWashington, D. C.A second daughter, Gretchen, bornApril 6, 1945, to Mr. and Mrs. MarxLorig (Rose H. Kahn '37).Major Robert H. Bethke '37, andMrs. Bethke (Patricia Davis '38) announce the birth of their first child,a son, Kent Davis, born April 21, inWashington, D. C.Born to Lt. Col. and Mrs. Leo A.Garten (Alberta Annon '37) a seconddaughter, Elizabeth Fanning, on May6, 1945.David Maurice Kinsler '37, AM'39, and Mrs. Kinsler announce theHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD., Chicago, IllinoisTelephone Harrison 7793Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesGenerally recognized as one of the leading TeachersAgencies of the United States.«Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, Van Buren 0230Since 7878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 71 80 birth of a daughter, Miriam Stephanie Kinsler, born March 15, 1945.Mr. Kinsler is Assistant Statisticianin Ballistic Research at AberdeenProving Ground.Born to Lt. and Mrs. Robert N,Johnson (Helen C. Peterson '38) ason, Keith Nevin, on May 30, atWashington, D. C.Mr. and Mrs. Albert N. Schrieber(Jeanette Barrett '38) anounce thebirth of Susan Esther Schrieber onMarch 29, 1945.A daughter, Barbara Helen, wasborn on July 19, 1945, to Mr. andMrs. Donald G. Williamson (MarionJ. Salisbury, '39). The Williamsonsare now living at 277 Poplar Street,Winnetka, Illinois.A son, David Edwin, was bornFebruary 2, 1945, to Charles E.Brighton '39 MD '42 in OklahomaCity. Dr. Brighton is going to Memphis, Tenn., for a third year fellowship in the Campbell OrthopedicClinic.Born March 6, 1945, to Lt. EvonVogt '41, and Naneen Hiller Vogt'44, a daughter, Shirley Naneen.Born to Lt. Wellington D. Jones,Jr., AM '41, and Mrs. Jones on February 16, 1945, a son, Wellington D.Jones III. The baby is a grandsonTelephone Haymarket 3120E. A. AARON & BROS. Inc.Fresh Fruits and VegetablesDistributors ofCEDERGREEN FROZEN FRESH FRUITS ANDVEGETABLES46-48 South Water Market of faculty member Wellington D.Jones, '08, PhD '14, Professor of Geography, and Mrs. Jones (HarrietHarding '09) who report he is redheaded and has a crew haircut.DEATHSDr. George Ricker Berry, PhD '95,former assistant in Seme tics at theUniversity of Chicago from 1895 to1896, internationally known Semeticscholar, archeologist and professoremeritus of Colgate-Rochester Divinity school, on May 24, at the age of80. For many years Dr. Berry servedas examiner in Arabic at the University.The Rev. A. J. Gladstone Dowie,'00, JD '03, an Episcopal ministerand only son of the late Dr. JohnAlexander Dowie, founder of ZionCity and the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church, on June 4, at Chicago,after an extended illness resultingfrom an automobile accident sevenyears ago.Sumner M. Samson, '00, on July26, at Chicago.Dr. Edgar H. Johnson, SM '00,PhD '10, on September 11, 1944.Charles William Moore, '04, onMay 22, at Pentwater, Michigan. Dr.Moore was formerly professorial lecturer at William Jewell College. During World War I he served as Navychaplain, and in the years of his ordained ministry was first pastor ofWestport Methodist church for anumber of years and later built,founded, and was pastor of the Institutional Church in Kansas City.Mo.Grace Darlington Howell, '04, ofLa Grange, Illinois, widow of GeorgeHowell, on August 29, at Great Bar-rington, Mass. Mrs. Howell was aMortar Board. For many years shetaught English at Marshall HighSchool in Chicago. She was a sisterof Harley C. Darlington, '07.nm.... . . and you'll know whatwe mean when you tryflavor-rich, creamy smoothSWIFT'S ICE CREAMA Product ofSWIFT & COMPANY7409 S. State StreetPhone RADcIiffe 7400 STENOTYPYLearn new, speedy machine shorthand. Lesseffort, no cramped fingers or nervous fatigue.Also other courses: Typing, Bookkeeping,Comptometry, etc. Day or evening. Visit,write or phone for data.Bryant^ Strattonc o ll)e g e18 S. Michigan Ave. Tel. Randolph 1575GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 318632 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN EAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kindi of teachingposition!. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College department! forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.Serving the Medical ProfessionSince 1895V. MUELLER & CO.SURGEONS' INSTRUMENTSHOSPITAL AND OFFICEFURNITUREORTHOPEDICAPPLIANCES•Phone Seeley 2180, all departmentsOgden Ave., Van Buren andHonore StreetsChicago 12OBERG'SFLOWER SHOPFlowers wired the world over1461 E. 57th StreetPhones: Fairfax 3670, 3671LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERSherlock B. Gass, '04, on August31, at Lincoln, Nebraska. ProfessorGass was a faculty member at theUniversity of Nebraska, and authorof a number of essays and novels.Marcus L. Bell, '07, on June 15,at Stamford, Conn. From the position of law department stenographerwith the Rock Island Railroad, Mr.Bell had climbed steadily, and since1918 had been vice-president, a director, and general counsel for thatrailroad.Allen Porter Temple, '07, professorof Physics at Southwest MissouriState Teachers College, on March21, 1945, at his home in Springfield,Mo.Herbert N. McCoy, '07, PhD '13,on May 7, 1945.Wales H. Packard, PhD '08, onJune 1, 1945, at Peoria, Illinois. Dr.Packard was Professor Emeritus andformer head of the department ofBiology at Bradley Polytechnic Institute in Peoria.Louis Knox, SM '08, on April 15,1945. At the time of his death, Mr.Knox was professor of chemistry at the Citade^ Charleston, South Carolina.Leo Weil Hoffman, '08, JD '10, onMay 6, at Chicago.Dr. Albie Jens Rosholt, MD Rush'08, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, on May16, 1945.Mrs. Raymond R. Jared (CoradelWade '12) on January 14, 1945.Exean Woodard, AM '13, on August 30, at Fort Wayne, Indiana. MissWoodard was formerly Dean ofWomen at Bellingham School forWomen in the state of Washington,instructor of high school English inKansas, Illinois and Iowa, and authorof poems and essays published underthe pen name of Harriet Slack.Louisa Pringle, '15, on March 11,1945, at Los Angeles.Arthur G. "Butch" Scanlan, '16,former football star and head coachat Hyde Park High School and Purdue University, died in Chicago onJuly 25.Grace F. Balloch, '16, on November 16, 1944, at Spearfish, SouthDakota.Dr. Peter H. Poppens, '17, MDRush '19, on June 8, at Princeton, Illinois, of injuries received in an automobile accident.Dr. Charles J. Oppenheim, '18, SM'20, on June 24th in New York City.A graduate of Cornell UniversitySchool of Medicine, he was a specialist on cardiology and was on thestaffs of Beekman Hospital and Lenox Hill Hospital.Agnes M. O'Donohue, '19, on May28, at Chicago. Miss O'Donohue was Phone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeaks RepairedFree EstimatesFRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579a teacher at Calumet High School inChicago.Ernest T. Krueger, AM '20, PhD'25, on June 19, at Nashville, Tenn.Formerly of the University of Chicago faculty, Dr. Krueger had headedthe Sociology Department at Vanderbilt University since 1924.Coventry Piatt, '21, of CanogaPark, California, on January 21, 1945.Eleanor Brown, '25, as a result ofinjuries sustained in an automobileaccident on May 7, at Chicago.David Perron, '27, JD '28, suddenlyon June 30, at Chicago. He wasformerly a member of the ChicagoBar Association, and was a memberof the Decalogue Society of Lawyers,Magic Carpet Luncheon Club, theMinute Men's Forum, and the Chicago Speakers Forum. He is survivedby his wife, Fannie Novick Perron,JD '30.Nelle M. Heathershaw, '28, on June24, at Des Moines, Iowa, where shewas a teacher of English in Davenport, Iowa.Mrs. John K. Barton (Ruth Boyd,'32) on June 2, at Kansas City, Mo.Virginia Long, '39, in T^ew YorkCity on June 10th, of leukemia. Shehad been married in December toMichael Long and was doing personnel work for the Bell Laboratories.Ihe rveturning Veteran. . . PROBLEM OR OPPORTUNITY?At the rate of more than 150,000 a month,young men from the Armed Services are returning to civilian life. Eventually over 11,000,000of our nation's finest will be back with us.Absorbing these men into the economic lifeof the nation is going to present difficulties.Adjustments and rearrangements will have tobe made and help and encouragement offered.But the problem part of this national readjustment has been over-emphasized . . . Theopportunity part has not been emphasizedenough! For the returning veteran is the hopeof all of us for a better America than we haveever known before. The future of our nation isin his hands.Experienced beyond his yearsHis youth, strength and energy, backed up by experience beyond his years; his imagination, initiative and capacity for leadership; his idealism, seasoned by a hard-won grasp of realities, and hiscommon sense— these precious things, as they flowinto the stream of our nation's life, hold extraordinary promise.Consider the impact on our thinking of millionsof men like this! Big industrial organizations,small business enterprises, farms, government, thearts and sciences— all will benefit from the returnto the home front of these clear-eyed, straight- thinking, vigorous young men— the finest specimens of our entire population.With these young men of America back with us,establishing families and building homes, we willhave little to fear for the American way of life,much to hope for in economic and social progress.Do you wonder that the returning veteran doesn'twant to be treated as a hero? . . . That he doesn'twant sentimentality; and, above all, doesn't wantto be regarded as a "problem." All he asks is anopportunity to show what he can do. And he isgoing to get that opportunity !At Equitable — jobs as good, or betterThe Equitable Life Assurance Society of the UnitedStates has 2,039 of its employees and agents servingin the Armed Forces. They will return to jobs asgood or better than the ones they left. A numberalready have! Equitable veterans will receive "refresher" courses to bring them up-to-date on thenewest developments in life insurance and inEquitable services. More than that, Equitable plansto provide them with opportunities to advancethemselves, because we know that by so doing wewill help Equitable serve its policyholders and insure continuing progress in broadening the Society'sservices to the American public.<Z^s&2-*^^^.PRESIDENTThe Equitable Life Assurance SocietyOF THE UNITED STATESTHOMAS I. PARKINSON, President 393 Seventh Avenue, New York 1, N.Y.Tune in The Equitable 's coast-to-coast radio program, "THIS IS YOUR FBI" presented as a public service over the American Broadcasting Co. everyFriday evening, 8:30 P. M., Eastern Time; 7:30 P. M., Central Time; 6:30 P. M., Mountain Time; 8:30 P. M., Pacific Time.mVe -ftrmec/jhe wmerThe peak of the Bell System'stelephone shortage was in August.Then we had about 2,100,000 unfilled orders for service.More orders are received everyday, but now we are installingtelephones faster than the neworders come in. We will get700,000 telephones from July toDecember 31 this year, and700,000 more in the first threemonths of 1946. Western Electric, our manufacturing company, is setting upevery machine it has that willmake telephone equipment.In the next 12 months we expect to install more telephonesthan there were in all of Franceand Belgium before the war.Even that will not give serviceto every one who wants it in thattime. There are places where wehave complicated switchboards to install — even places where wemust build new buildings for thenew switchboards.But we are on our way to giveservice to all who want it— onour way to restore Bell Systemstandards of service and raisethem even higher.We are turning our facilitiesback to civilian service just asfast as we turned them to theinstant needs of war.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM